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1

Immigration and Schools: Supporting Success for Undocumented Unaccompanied Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attending school and securing lawful status in the United States are two keys to safety and security for undocumented unaccompanied homeless youth. This brief is designed to provide young people, immigration attorneys and advocates, McKinney-Vento liaisons and educators with basic information to help them access these keys. After describing some…

National Association for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth, 2010

2010-01-01

2

National Association for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Homeless children and youth are arguably the most forgotten population when it comes to education. Since 1989, the National Association for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth (NAEHCY) has been an advocate for equitable services from public schools for homeless youth. Additionally, their website states that it has encouraged "strategies for effective instruction, pupil services, and research." Visitors unfamiliar with the main piece of legislation in place for educating homeless children and youth can read the full-text of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act under the "Legislation and Policy" tab. Users may also find the "Higher Education" link, also under the Legislation and Policy tab, to be informative about how the Higher Education Act has "the potential to assist these youth to graduate from high school, apply for and access postsecondary education, and complete their degrees." A link to the related resource "NAEHCY PowerPoint Library - Unaccompanied Youth" can be found in the right corner of the page. Valuable information about how unaccompanied homeless youth can successfully fill out the Free Student Application for Financial Aid (FAFSA) is also available in the "Higher Education" area.

3

Immediate Enrollment under McKinney-Vento: How Local Liaisons Can Keep Homeless Students Safe. Best Practices in Homeless Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children and youth in homeless situations, particularly unaccompanied youth and survivors of domestic violence, are at a high risk for experiencing violence and victimization. Frequently, unaccompanied youth become homeless after leaving abusive or destructive home environments. In turn, their homelessness, which often involves "couch surfing" or…

National Center for Homeless Education at SERVE, 2007

2007-01-01

4

Immediate Enrollment under McKinney-Vento: How Schools Can Keep Homeless Students Safe. Best Practices in Homeless Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children and youth in homeless situations, particularly unaccompanied youth and survivors of domestic violence, are at a high risk for experiencing violence and victimization. Frequently, unaccompanied youth become homeless after leaving abusive or destructive home environments. In turn, their homelessness, which often involves "couch surfing"…

National Center for Homeless Education at SERVE, 2007

2007-01-01

5

Supporting Homeless Youth: Perspectives and Preferences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homelessness among adolescents and young adults is a growing concern in Canada and other countries, yet little is known about their support needs and support intervention preferences from the perspectives of homeless youth or youth at risk of homelessness. The authors assessed these needs and preferences through individual and group interviews with homeless adolescents and young adults (n = 35)

Miriam Stewart; Linda Reutter; Nicole Letourneau; Edward Makwarimba; Krista Hungler

2010-01-01

6

Finding Homeless Youth. Patterns Based on Geographical Area and Number of Homeless Episodes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A census of homeless youth was conducted in locations across Los Angeles County, California. Building on previous research that has focused on homeless youth in cruise areas, the authors examined demographic and behavioral differences between homeless youth in cruise and noncruise areas. Youth in cruise areas were more likely than youth in…

Witkin, Andrea L.; Milburn, Norweeta G.; Rotheram-Borus, Mary Jane; Batterham, Philip; May, Susanne; Brooks, Ronald

2005-01-01

7

Successful Adaptation among Sudanese Unaccompanied Minors: Perspectives of Youth and Foster Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the adaptation of unaccompanied Sudanese refugee minors resettled in the US. Seven years after resettlement, in-depth interviews were conducted with 19 Sudanese youths and 20 foster parents regarding factors that contributed to successful adaptation. The youths emphasized personal agency and staying focused on getting an…

Luster, Tom; Qin, Desiree; Bates, Laura; Rana, Meenal; Lee, Jung Ah

2010-01-01

8

An Ecological Systems Comparison Between Homeless Sexual Minority Youths and Homeless Heterosexual Youths  

PubMed Central

This study examined risk and protective outcomes by comparing homeless sexual minority youths to heterosexual homeless youths regarding family, peer behaviors, school, mental health (suicide risk and depression), stigma, discrimination, substance use, and sexual risk behaviors. Structured interviews (N = 147) were conducted with individuals ages 16-24 at three drop-in programs serving homeless youths in Toronto. Bivariate analyses indicated statistically significant differences between homeless sexual minorities (n=66) and their heterosexual counterparts (n=81) regarding all variables: family, peer behaviors, stigma, discrimination, mental health, substance use and sexual risk behaviors with the exception of school belonging. Specifically, homeless sexual minority youths fared more poorly (e.g. lower satisfaction with family communication, experienced more stigma, used more drugs and alcohol) than their heterosexual counterparts. Improving family communication may be a worthwhile intervention if the youths are still in contact with their families. Future research should focus on victimization in the context of multiple systems. PMID:23687399

Gattis, Maurice N.

2012-01-01

9

Daily Hassles and Coping Dispositions as Predictors of Psychological Adjustment: A Comparative Study of Young Unaccompanied Refugees and Youth in the Resettlement Country  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined daily hassles and coping dispositions in relation to life satisfaction and depressive symptoms among resettled unaccompanied refugees and other youth in the resettlement country. A total of 223 unaccompanied refugees ("M" = 20 years) was compared with 609 ethnic minority and 427 majority youth in Norway. Unaccompanied

Seglem, Karoline B.; Oppedal, Brit; Roysamb, Espen

2014-01-01

10

Determining Eligibility for Rights and Services under the McKinney-Vento Act. Best Practices in Homeless Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act defines "homeless children and youths" as "individuals who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence." However, because the circumstances of homelessness vary with each family's or unaccompanied youth's situation, determining the extent to which the family or youth fits the definition must…

National Center for Homeless Education at SERVE, 2006

2006-01-01

11

Psychosocial Problems Associated With Homelessness in Sexual Minority Youths  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sexual minorities are overrepresented among homeless youths, and this is often related to reactions to their status as sexual minorities. While on the streets, they are at increased risk for victimization, substance and alcohol use, sexual risk behaviors, and mental health issues compared to homeless heterosexual youths. This article uses ecological systems theory to examine psychosocial problems associated with homelessness

Maurice N. Gattis

2009-01-01

12

Education and Homeless Youth: Policy Implementations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"The Navigator" is a free newsletter published by the Center for Higher Education Policy Analysis (CHEPA) focusing on directions and trends in higher education policy. The theme of this issue is: "Education and Homeless Youth: Policy Implementations." The lead article, authored by CHEPA director William G. Tierney, describes CHEPA's study of the…

Center for Higher Education Policy Analysis, University of Southern California, 2007

2007-01-01

13

Resilience and Suicidality among Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homeless and street-involved youth are considered an extremely high risk group, with many studies highlighting trajectories characterized by abusive, neglectful, and unstable family histories, victimization and criminal involvement while on the streets, high rates of physical and mental illness, and extremely high rates of mortality. While there…

Cleverley, Kristin; Kidd, Sean A.

2011-01-01

14

Comparisons of Prevention Programs for Homeless Youth  

PubMed Central

There are six HIV prevention programs for homeless youth whose efficacy has been or is currently being evaluated: STRIVE, the Community Reinforcement Approach, Strengths-Based Case Management, Ecologically-Based Family Therapy, Street Smart, and AESOP (street outreach access to resources). Programs vary in their underlying framework and theoretical models for understanding homelessness. All programs presume that the youths’ families lack the ability to support their adolescent child. Some programs deemphasize family involvement while others focus on rebuilding connections among family members. The programs either normalize current family conflicts or, alternatively, provide education about the importance of parental monitoring. All programs aim to reduce HIV-related sexual and drug use acts. A coping skills approach is common across programs: Problem-solving skills are specifically addressed in four of the six programs; alternatively, parents in other programs are encouraged to contingently reward their children. Each program also engineers ongoing social support for the families and the youth, either by providing access to needed resources or by substituting a new, supportive relationship for the existing family caretaker. All of the interventions provide access to health and mental health services as basic program resources. A comparison of HIV prevention programs for homeless youth identifies the robust components of each and suggests which programs providers may choose to replicate. PMID:19067164

Rotheram-Borus, Mary Jane

2014-01-01

15

Cross-National Variations in Behavioral Profiles Among Homeless Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cross-national comparisons of homeless youth in Melbourne, Australia, and Los Angeles, CA, United States were conducted. Newly\\u000a (n = 427) and experienced (n = 864) homeless youth were recruited from each site. Compared to Australia, homeless youth in the United States were younger,\\u000a more likely to be in school or jail, demonstrated fewer sexual and substance use risk acts, fewer

Norweeta G. Milburn; Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus; Eric Rice; Shelley Mallet; Doreen Rosenthal

2006-01-01

16

Gang Involvement and Membership among Homeless and Runaway Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessed the extent of gang involvement among homeless and runaway youth, comparing gang members, gang-involved youth (not members), and non-gang youth on several dimensions. Interview data indicated that 15.4 percent of the youth were gang members and 32.2 percent were involved in gangs. These youth reported more family problems and school…

Yoder, Kevin A.; Whitbeck, Les B.; Hoyt, Dan R.

2003-01-01

17

Follow-Up of Youth Using Runaway and Homeless Youth Centers. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is an increasing body of literature about runaway and homeless youth, but few studies have investigated what happens to the youth after they use Runaway and Homeless Youth Centers (RHYCs). This study examines the services available and the impact these services have on the youth. Data are analyzed from a survey mailed to all RHYCs operated…

Cohen, Barbara E.; van Houten, Therese

18

Substance Use and Health and Safety among Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines how substance use is associated with the health and safety of homeless youth using cross-sectional, self-report data from 285 homeless adolescents. Path models were used to examine concurrent relationships between youth's substance use and multiple aspects of their health and safety, including measures of psychological…

Rhule-Louie, Dana M.; Bowen, Sarah; Baer, John S.; Peterson, Peggy L.

2008-01-01

19

45 CFR 1351.16 - What costs are not allowable under a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant?  

...What costs are not allowable under a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant? 1351.16 Section...FAMILY AND YOUTH SERVICES BUREAU RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH PROGRAM Runaway and Homeless Youth Program Grant § 1351.16 What...

2014-10-01

20

45 CFR 1351.11 - Who is eligible to apply for a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant?  

... Who is eligible to apply for a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant? 1351.11 Section...FAMILY AND YOUTH SERVICES BUREAU RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH PROGRAM Runaway and Homeless Youth Program Grant § 1351.11 Who...

2014-10-01

21

45 CFR 1351.10 - What is the purpose of the Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant?  

...false What is the purpose of the Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant? 1351.10 Section...FAMILY AND YOUTH SERVICES BUREAU RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH PROGRAM Runaway and Homeless Youth Program Grant § 1351.10 What...

2014-10-01

22

45 CFR 1351.20 - What are the additional requirements under a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant?  

...additional requirements under a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant? 1351.20 Section...AND YOUTH SERVICES BUREAU RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH PROGRAM Additional Requirements...additional requirements under a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant? (a) To...

2014-10-01

23

45 CFR 1351.15 - What costs are supportable under a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant?  

...What costs are supportable under a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant? 1351.15 Section...FAMILY AND YOUTH SERVICES BUREAU RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH PROGRAM Runaway and Homeless Youth Program Grant § 1351.15 What...

2014-10-01

24

45 CFR 1351.12 - Who gets priority for the award of a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant?  

...gets priority for the award of a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant? 1351.12 Section...FAMILY AND YOUTH SERVICES BUREAU RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH PROGRAM Runaway and Homeless Youth Program Grant § 1351.12 Who...

2014-10-01

25

45 CFR 1351.17 - How is application made for a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant?  

... How is application made for a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant? 1351.17 Section...FAMILY AND YOUTH SERVICES BUREAU RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH PROGRAM Runaway and Homeless Youth Program Grant § 1351.17 How...

2014-10-01

26

45 CFR 1351.18 - What criteria has HHS established for deciding which Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant...  

...HHS established for deciding which Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant applications to fund...FAMILY AND YOUTH SERVICES BUREAU RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH PROGRAM Runaway and Homeless Youth Program Grant § 1351.18 What...

2014-10-01

27

Experiences of Being Homeless or at Risk of Being Homeless among Canadian Youths  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A qualitative study was undertaken with four groups -- immigrants, youths, Aboriginal people, and landlords -- in order to explore, compare, and contrast diversity issues among the homeless population and those at risk of homelessness in a larger Canadian city (Calgary, Alberta) with a smaller city (Lethbridge, Alberta), to better understand their…

Miller, Pamela; Donahue, Peter; Este, Dave; Hofer, Marvin

2004-01-01

28

Experiential Therapy with Homeless, Runaway and Street Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the services and activities of the Orion Center, a drop-in day-use facility for homeless and runaway youth in Seattle (Washington). Orion Center uses experiential therapy and adventure-based activities to develop trust, promote fun and relationship building, and facilitate growth and healing among this homeless population. A…

Kallander, Karin; Levings, Laura

29

Prevalence and Predictors of Sexual Risks Among Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined prevalence of sexual risks among homeless adolescents and described factors associated with those risks. Community-based outreach methods were used successfully to access this difficult-to-reach population. The sample included 203 homeless youth aged 15-22 recruited from community sites. Questionnaire items addressed…

Halcon, Linda L.; Lifson, Alan R.

2004-01-01

30

Impact of Nursing Intervention on Decreasing Substances among Homeless Youth  

PubMed Central

Background Alcohol use, and in particular, binge drinking, and methamphetamine use is pervasive among homeless youth and remains a social pressure among this vulnerable population. However, there is no compelling evidence that specific interventions for reducing drug and alcohol use are effective for homeless youth. Objectives This community-based participatory action pilot study assessed the impact of an intervention study focused on decreasing use of drugs and alcohol among a sample of homeless young adults (N=154) visiting a drop-in site in Santa Monica, California. The two programs consisted of a HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis Health Promotion (HHP) program led by nurses and an Art Messaging (AM) program led by artists. Six-month follow-up data were obtained from 100 of these individuals. Results Findings revealed significant reductions in alcohol and marijuana use and binge drinking in both the HHP and AM programs. However, homeless youth in the HHP program reported additional reductions in methamphetamine, cocaine and hallucinogen use at six-month follow-up. Conclusions Reductions in drugs and alcohol are important as these substances are linked to HIV/AIDS, hepatitis and other health risks in homeless youth. Scientific Significance The successful outcomes of the study intervention validate the utility of nurse-led and artistic health promotion strategies to decrease drug and alcohol use and other risky behaviors in homeless youth populations. PMID:23082836

Nyamathi, Adeline; Branson, Catherine; Kennedy, Barbara; Salem, Benissa; Khalilifard, Farinaz; Marfisee, Mary; Getzoff, Daniel; Leake, Barbara

2013-01-01

31

Capacity for Survival: Exploring Strengths of Homeless Street Youth  

PubMed Central

The majority of research on homeless youth has focused on the multitude of problems faced by this vulnerable population. The current study, while acknowledging the hazards of life on the streets, seeks to explore the personal strengths and informal resources street youth rely on to navigate their environments. Qualitative data from seven focus groups conducted with street youth ages 18–24 were analyzed using content analysis. These data, rich with interactions among youth participants, highlight three important themes: developing “street smarts,” existence of personal strengths, and informal resources relied upon by youth to survive. Results provide valuable insights into the strengths of homeless youth that can be useful to providers in assessing street youths’ service needs and increasing the likelihood of long-term positive outcomes. PMID:19915687

Bender, Kimberly; Thompson, Sanna J.; McManus, Holly; Lantry, Janet; Flynn, Patrick M.

2009-01-01

32

A Health-Profile Comparison of Delinquent and Homeless Youths.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses medical data (medical history and physical examination) on samples of 245 delinquent and 160 homeless youths in San Francisco (California) to discuss health needs of this population. The article reveals that a substantial number of these youth did not have adequate health care coverage despite considerable medical problems compared to the…

Forst, Martin L.; And Others

1993-01-01

33

Feasibility Study of the Social Enterprise Intervention with Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To reduce mental health symptoms and high-risk behaviors and increase social support and service utilization among street-living youth, the authors conducted a pilot study to assess the feasibility of the social enterprise intervention (SEI) at a homeless youth agency. Method: Convenience sampling was used to recruit 16 street-living…

Ferguson, Kristin M.; Xie, Bin

2008-01-01

34

The Social Networks of Homeless Youth Experiencing Intimate Partner Violence.  

PubMed

While there is a growing body of research on intimate partner violence (IPV) experienced by the housed youth population, a limited amount is known about IPV experienced by homeless youth. To our knowledge, no previous studies have examined how homeless youths' experience of IPV is related to their social network, even though the social networks of homeless youth have been shown to be significant indicators of health and mental health. The purpose of this study is to understand the relationship between IPV, gender, and social networks among a sample of 386 homeless youth in Los Angeles, California. Results revealed that one fifth of the sample experienced IPV in the past year. Stratified regression models revealed that IPV was not significantly related to any measure of male social networks; however, females who experienced IPV had more male friends (? = 2.03, SE = 0.89, p < .05) than females who did not experience IPV. Female homeless youth who witnessed family violence during childhood had more male friends (? = 2.75, SE = 1.08, p < .05), but those who experienced sexual abuse during childhood had fewer male friends (? = -2.04, SE = 0.93, p < .05). Although there was no significant difference in the rate of IPV victimization across genders, the context of this abuse appears to be drastically different. The results suggest that females with more male friendships are at greater risk for exposure to IPV. To date, there are few effective youth-targeted IPV prevention programs and none have been shown to be effective with homeless youth. These results provide insight into future program development. PMID:24421071

Petering, Robin; Rice, Eric; Rhoades, Harmony; Winetrobe, Hailey

2014-01-12

35

45 CFR 1351.13 - What are the Federal and non-Federal match requirements under a Runaway and Homeless Youth grant?  

...non-Federal match requirements under a Runaway and Homeless Youth grant? 1351.13 Section 1351...FAMILY AND YOUTH SERVICES BUREAU RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH PROGRAM Runaway and Homeless Youth Program Grant § 1351.13 What...

2014-10-01

36

Gender Differences in Traumatic Events and Rates of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder among Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the present report we describe patterns of traumatic events and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), both partial and full, among homeless youth and those at risk for homelessness, with an emphasis on gender differences. Participants were 85 homeless and at-risk youth (49% female) recruited from a drop-in center in New York City in 2000.…

Gwadz, Marya Viorst; Nish, David; Leonard, Noelle R.; Strauss, Shiela M.

2007-01-01

37

Physical and Mental Health Issues among Homeless Youth in British Columbia, Canada: Are they Different from Older Homeless Adults?  

PubMed Central

Objectives: Youth homelessness is on the rise in North America, yet this vulnerable population is rarely studied and compared with adults. This paper aimed to study the homeless youth and identify specific vulnerabilities, which rendered them different from the adult homeless population. It also aimed to describe the youth homeless population and their significant co-morbidities. Methods: Data was derived from the BC Health of the Homeless Study (BCHOHS), carried out in three cities in British Columbia, Canada: the large urban centre Vancouver (n=250); the mid-sized city and capital of the province Victoria (n=150). Measures included socio-demographic information, the Maudsley Addiction Profile (MAP), the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) and the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) Plus. Results: Youth constituted 16.5% (n=82) of the homeless population. Compared to the adult homeless, the homeless youth were more often female (55%), were Aboriginal (47.6%), had greater substance abuse of alcohol (70.7%), amphetamines (8.5%) and cannabis (75.6%). A lower prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases (0.2%) and psychotic disorders (13.4%) was also observed. The prevalence of traumatic experiences, other psychiatric disorders and physical illnesses were similar between the adult and homeless youth. Conclusion: Homeless youth have high rates of physical and psychiatric comorbidity, similar to the adult homeless, despite being 20 years younger. An urgent need for interventions that go beyond the standardized ones being offered to homeless populations as a whole, and to derive specific strategies that target this vulnerable population is required. PMID:25320613

Saddichha, Sahoo; Linden, Isabelle; Krausz, Michael Reinhardt

2014-01-01

38

Homelessness: Local Program Planning and Review Guides Services for Homeless Children and Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three review formats are enclosed in this publication, along with two basic service checklists and a comprehensive program review guide. These formats were developed to serve as tools to be used locally by school district personnel and Boards of Education in the development of quality policies and procedures to serve homeless children and youth.…

Iowa Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

39

The Initiation of Homeless Youth into the Street Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homeless youth (HY) who lack employment in the formal economy typically turn to the street economy (e.g., prostitution, drug selling) for survival. Guided by the theory of social control, the present paper explores factors influencing HY's initiation into the street economy. Eighty HY (ages 15-23) were recruited from four community-based…

Gwadz, Marya Viorst; Gostnell, Karla; Smolenski, Carol; Willis, Brian; Nish, David; Nolan, Theresa C.; Tharaken, Maya; Ritchie, Amanda S.

2009-01-01

40

A Different Kind of Smart: A Study of the Educational Obstacles Confronting Homeless Youth in New England.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study provides information on obstacles facing homeless youth in school. Research occurred in four diverse New England cities. Researchers collected detailed case histories on youth age 10-15 years who were currently homeless or who had recently been homeless. Data came from staff of local youth agencies, government officials, and youths

Wilson, Melanie; Houghton, Alison

41

Pet Ownership Among Homeless Youth: Associations with Mental Health, Service Utilization and Housing Status.  

PubMed

As many as 25 % of homeless persons have pets. To our knowledge, pet ownership has not been studied quantitatively with homeless youth. This study examined pet ownership among 398 homeless youth utilizing two Los Angeles drop-in centers. Twenty-three percent of homeless youth had a pet. The majority of pet owners reported that their pets kept them company and made them feel loved; nearly half reported that their pets made it more difficult to stay in a shelter. Pet owners reported fewer symptoms of depression and loneliness than their non-pet owning peers. Pet ownership was associated with decreased utilization of housing and job-finding services, and decreased likelihood of currently staying in a shelter. These findings elucidate many of the positive benefits of pet ownership for homeless youth, but importantly highlight that pet ownership may negatively impact housing options. Housing and other services must be sensitive to the needs of homeless youth with pets. PMID:24728815

Rhoades, Harmony; Winetrobe, Hailey; Rice, Eric

2014-04-12

42

Educating Homeless Children and Youth: A Sample of Programs, Policies and Procedures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report reviews a variety of approaches for working with homeless students. Information was gathered from state Coordinators of Education for Homeless Children and Youth, regional coordinators of homeless programs, and national and local organizations. The programs described are organized into five categories. The first concerns educating…

McCall, Kathleen P.

43

Hope for the Future: The State Plan for Educating Homeless Children and Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report contains the California state plan for educating homeless children and youth required by the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act of 1987. The plan is designed to raise the level of awareness of schools and school districts to the needs of homeless children and to provide ideas and suggestions for meeting those needs. It is…

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Office of Compensatory Education.

44

Substance use among runaway and homeless youth in three national samples.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: Standardized estimates of the prevalence of substance use by runaway and homeless youth between the ages of 12 and 21 in various settings were compared with each other and with estimates for youth in the general population. METHODS: Four surveys were used: (1) a nationally representative survey of runaway and homeless youth residing in federally and non-federally funded shelters; (2) a multicity survey of street youth; (3) a nationally representative household survey of youth with and without recent runaway and homeless experiences; and (4) a nationally representative household survey of youth whose previous runaway/homeless status was unknown. RESULTS: For almost every substance, substance use prevalence was highest among street youth. Shelter youth and household youth with recent runaway/homeless experiences reported similar rates. In the household surveys, substance use rates were lowest and were generally comparable. CONCLUSIONS: Many homeless and runaway youth use tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs at rates substantially higher than nonrunaway and nonhomeless youth, indicating a need for comprehensive and intensive substance abuse prevention and treatment services for these youth. PMID:9103102

Greene, J M; Ennett, S T; Ringwalt, C L

1997-01-01

45

Adult Support and Substance Use among Homeless Youths Who Attend High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Despite high rates of substance use among homeless youths, little is known about the interaction of substance-use risk and protective factors. Further, limited research exists on substance use by school-attending homeless youths, as extant studies have relied on street- and shelter-based samples. Objective: The purpose of this study…

Ferguson, Kristin M.; Xie, Bin

2012-01-01

46

A Qualitative Study of the Formation and Composition of Social Networks among Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although social networks are essential for explaining protective and risk factors among homeless youth, little is known about the formation and composition of these groups. In this study, we utilized 19 in-depth interviews with homeless youth to investigate their social network formation, role relationships, housing status, and network member…

Tyler, Kimberly A.; Melander, Lisa A.

2011-01-01

47

Homelessness, Children, and Youth: Research in the United States and Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

This issue of American Behavioral Scientist makes available some of the most recent research on the growing social, economic, and human development impacts of homelessness on families—specifically, on the lives of children and youth. The seven studies from the United States and Canada compiled here provide important evidence-based insights to inform efforts aimed at combating homelessness among children and youth.

Darcy Varney; Willem van Vliet

2008-01-01

48

Social networks as the context for understanding employment services utilization among homeless youth.  

PubMed

Little is known about the factors associated with use of employment services among homeless youth. Social network characteristics have been known to be influential in motivating people's decision to seek services. Traditional theoretical frameworks applied to studies of service use emphasize individual factors over social contexts and interactions. Using key social network, social capital, and social influence theories, this paper developed an integrated theoretical framework that capture the social network processes that act as barriers or facilitators of use of employment services by homeless youth, and understand empirically, the salience of each of these constructs in influencing the use of employment services among homeless youth. We used the "Event based-approach" strategy to recruit a sample of 136 homeless youth at one drop-in agency serving homeless youth in Los Angeles, California in 2008. The participants were queried regarding their individual and network characteristics. Data were entered into NetDraw 2.090 and the spring embedder routine was used to generate the network visualizations. Logistic regression was used to assess the influence of the network characteristics on use of employment services. The study findings suggest that social capital is more significant in understanding why homeless youth use employment services, relative to network structure and network influence. In particular, bonding and bridging social capital were found to have differential effects on use of employment services among this population. The results from this study provide specific directions for interventions aimed to increase use of employment services among homeless youth. PMID:24780279

Barman-Adhikari, Anamika; Rice, Eric

2014-08-01

49

Associations between youth homelessness, sexual offenses, sexual victimization, and sexual risk behaviors: a systematic literature review.  

PubMed

Homeless youth commonly report engaging in sexual risk behaviors. These vulnerable young people also frequently report being sexually victimized. This systematic review collates, summarizes, and appraises published studies of youth investigating relationships between homelessness, perpetration of sexual offenses, experience of sexual victimization, and engagement in sexual risk behavior. A systematic search of seventeen psychology, health, and social science electronic databases was conducted. Search terms included "homeless*," "youth," "offend*," "victimization," "crime," "rape," "victim*," and "sex crimes." Thirty-eight studies were identified that met the inclusion criteria. Findings showed homeless youth commonly report being raped and sexually assaulted, fear being sexually victimized, and engage in street prostitution and survival sex. Rates of victimization and sexual risk behavior were generally higher for females. Given the paucity of longitudinal studies and limitations of current studies, it is unclear whether homelessness is prospectively associated with sexual victimization or engagement in sexual risk behavior, and whether such associations vary cross nationally and as a function of time and place. Future prospective research examining the influence of the situational context of homelessness is necessary to develop a better understanding of how homelessness influences the perpetration of sexual offenses, experience of sexual victimization, and engagement in sexual risk behavior among homeless youth. PMID:25411128

Heerde, Jessica A; Scholes-Balog, Kirsty E; Hemphill, Sheryl A

2015-01-01

50

Hope for the Future: The State Plan for Educating Homeless Children and Youth. [Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication details components of California's statewide plan for educating homeless children and youth. Revisions of the original plan were based on data derived from statewide surveys of school districts and shelters conducted in 1988, 1989, and 1990. The 1990 amendments to the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act of 1987 focus more…

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.

51

Internet and Social Media Use as a Resource Among Homeless Youth*  

PubMed Central

Little is known about internet and social media use among homeless youth. Consistent with typologies prevalent among housed youth, we found that homeless youth were using internet and social media for entertainment, sociability, and instrumental purposes. Using Haythornwaite’s (2001) premise that it is important to look at the types of ties accessed in understanding the impact of new media, we found that homeless youth were predominantly using e-mail to reach out to their parents, caseworkers, and potential employers, while, using social media to communicate with their peers. Using the “Social Capital” perspective, we found that youth who were connecting to maintained or bridging social ties were more likely to look for jobs and housing online than youth who did not. PMID:25328374

Rice, Eric; Barman-Adhikari, Anamika

2014-01-01

52

Internet and Social Media Use as a Resource Among Homeless Youth.  

PubMed

Little is known about internet and social media use among homeless youth. Consistent with typologies prevalent among housed youth, we found that homeless youth were using internet and social media for entertainment, sociability, and instrumental purposes. Using Haythornwaite's (2001) premise that it is important to look at the types of ties accessed in understanding the impact of new media, we found that homeless youth were predominantly using e-mail to reach out to their parents, caseworkers, and potential employers, while, using social media to communicate with their peers. Using the "Social Capital" perspective, we found that youth who were connecting to maintained or bridging social ties were more likely to look for jobs and housing online than youth who did not. PMID:25328374

Rice, Eric; Barman-Adhikari, Anamika

2014-01-01

53

Unprotected Sex of Homeless Youth: Results from a Multilevel Analysis of Individual, Social Network, and Relationship Factors  

PubMed Central

Homeless youth have elevated risk of HIV through sexual behavior. This project investigates the multiple levels of influence on unprotected sex among homeless youth, including social network, individual, and partner level influences. Findings are based on analyses of an exploratory, semi-structured interview (n=40) and a structured personal network interview (n=240) with randomly selected homeless youth in Los Angeles. Previous social network studies of risky sex by homeless youth have collected limited social network data from non-random samples and have not distinguished sex partner influences from other network influences. The present analyses have identified significant associations with unprotected sex at multiple levels, including individual, partner, and, to a lesser extent, the social network. Analyses also distinguished between youth who wished they used condoms after having unprotected sex and youth who did not regret having unprotected sex. Implications for social network based HIV risk interventions with homeless youth are discussed. PMID:22610421

Kennedy, David P.; Tucker, Joan S.; Green, Harold D.; Golinelli, Daniela; Ewing, Brett

2012-01-01

54

Understanding Pregnancy-Related Attitudes and Behaviors: A Mixed-Methods Study of Homeless Youth  

PubMed Central

CONTEXT Pregnancy rates are substantially higher among homeless youth than in the general population of youth, yet little is known about homeless adolescents’ and young adults’ pregnancy-related attitudes and behaviors. METHODS Pregnancy-related attitudes and behaviors were examined among two samples of sexually active homeless 13–24-year-olds in Los Angeles County. Data from 37 semistructured interviews conducted in March–April 2011 were analyzed using standard qualitative methods. Data from a structured survey with 277 respondents, conducted between October 2008 and August 2009, were analyzed primarily using regression modeling. RESULTS More than half of interview respondents held ambivalent attitudes toward pregnancy, and ambivalent youth reported less contraceptive use than others. The interviews identified several potential influences on pregnancy attitudes: barriers associated with homelessness, readiness to settle down, desire to achieve goals, belief that a child would create something positive in life, and family and partners. In the survey, having positive attitudes toward pregnancy was positively associated with duration of homelessness (odds ratio, 1.6), contact with relatives (1.1) and relationship commitment (1.8); it was negatively associated with frequency of drinking (0.9). Relationship commitment was positively associated with nonuse of an effective contraceptive method at last sex (1.5). CONCLUSIONS Effective and accessible pregnancy prevention and family planning programs for homeless youth are needed. Youths’ ambivalence toward pregnancy and feelings of relationship commitment warrant attention as possible areas for programs to address. PMID:23231333

Tucker, Joan S.; Sussell, Jesse; Golinelli, Daniela; Zhou, Annie; Kennedy, David P.; Wenzel, Suzanne L.

2012-01-01

55

Out on the Street: A Public Health and Policy Agenda for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Youth Who Are Homeless  

PubMed Central

A disproportionate number of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) youth experience homelessness each year in the United States. LGBT youth who are homeless have particularly high rates of mental health and substance use problems, suicidal acts, violent victimization, and a range of HIV risk behaviors. Given the intense needs of LGBT youth experiencing homelessness, it is imperative that we understand their unique experiences and develop responsive practices and policies. The range and severity of health risks vary across subgroups of all homeless LGBT youth, and since the population is nonhomogeneous their particular needs must be identified and addressed. Thus the purpose of this article is to review the causes of homelessness among LGBT youth, discuss the mental health and victimization risks faced by this population, address differences among homeless LGBT subgoups, and recommend effective interventions and best practices. We conclude by discussing promising future research and public policy directions. PMID:24826829

Keuroghlian, Alex S.; Shtasel, Derri; Bassuk, Ellen L.

2014-01-01

56

Out on the street: a public health and policy agenda for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth who are homeless.  

PubMed

A disproportionate number of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth experience homelessness each year in the United States. LGBT youth who are homeless have particularly high rates of mental health and substance use problems, suicidal acts, violent victimization, and a range of HIV risk behaviors. Given the intense needs of LGBT youth experiencing homelessness, it is imperative to understand their unique experiences and develop responsive practices and policies. The range and severity of health risks vary across subgroups of all homeless LGBT youth, and because the population is nonhomogeneous, their particular needs must be identified and addressed. Thus, the purpose of this article is to review the causes of homelessness among LGBT youth, discuss the mental health and victimization risks faced by this population, address differences among homeless LGBT subgoups, and recommend effective interventions and best practices. The authors conclude by discussing promising future research and public policy directions. PMID:24826829

Keuroghlian, Alex S; Shtasel, Derri; Bassuk, Ellen L

2014-01-01

57

On Their Own: Runaway and Homeless Youth and Programs that Serve Them.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph discusses runaway and homeless youth and the programs that serve them in seven large and medium-sized cities throughout the United States. The monograph focuses on the characteristics and service needs of these youths and the demands they pose for service providers. It examines how the population and the service environment have…

Pires, Sheila A.; Silber, Judith Tolmach

58

The Educational Success of Homeless Youth in California: Challenges and Solutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The California Research Bureau (CRB), in participation with the California Council on Youth Relations (CCYR), and with support from The California Wellness Foundation, has been conducting a major research and policy initiative to bring attention to the issues facing homeless youth in California. These include lack of shelter and educational…

Julianelle, Patricia F.

2007-01-01

59

6- Homeless Youth in the United States: Recent Research Findings and Intervention Approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, the authors cite research indicating that youth may be the single age group most at risk of becoming homeless, yet comparatively little research has been done in the past decade on this vulnerable population. Some important progress has been made, including longitudinal studies on youth \\

Paul A. Toro; Amy Dworsky; Patrick J. Fowler

60

Increased Substance Use and Risky Sexual Behavior among Migratory Homeless Youth: Exploring the Role of Social Network Composition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Travelers are a migratory subgroup of homeless youth who may be especially prone to engaging in risky behavior. This study compared the substance use and sexual behavior of young homeless travelers and non-travelers to evaluate the extent and possible sources of travelers' increased risk. Data came from face-to-face interviews with 419 homeless

Martino, Steven C.; Tucker, Joan S.; Ryan, Gery; Wenzel, Suzanne L.; Golinelli, Daniela; Munjas, Brett

2011-01-01

61

Responding to the School Mobility of Children and Youth Experiencing Homelessness: The McKinney-Vento Act and Beyond.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the school mobility of children and youth experiencing homelessness and the success of the McKinney-Vento Act (designed to limit the negative effects of school mobility on homeless students) in addressing this mobility. Proposes that affordable housing is the key to eliminating the mobility associated with homelessness and consequently…

Julianelle, Patricia F.; Foscarinis, Maria

2003-01-01

62

Social connectedness and self-esteem: predictors of resilience in mental health among maltreated homeless youth.  

PubMed

The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to explore social connectedness and self-esteem as predictors of resilience among homeless youth with histories of maltreatment. Connectedness variables included family connectedness, school connectedness, and affiliation with prosocial peers. The sample included 150 homeless youth aged 14 to 21 (mean age = 18 years) with the majority being an ethnic minority. Participants completed surveys using audio-CASI. Results revealed that youth with higher levels of social connectedness and self-esteem reported lower levels of psychological distress. When all predictor variables were controlled in the analysis, self-esteem remained significant for predicting better mental health. PMID:24597587

Dang, Michelle T

2014-03-01

63

International note: Association between perceived resilience and health risk behaviours in homeless youth.  

PubMed

Homeless youth are regarded as an extremely high risk group, susceptible to suicidal ideation substance abuse, and high rates of mental illness. While there exists a substantial body of knowledge regarding resilience of homeless youth, few studies has examined the relationship between perceived resilience and health risk behaviours. The present study describes the findings from a quantitative examination of street-related demographics, resilience, suicidal ideation, substance abuse, sexual risk behaviours and violent related behaviours among 227 homeless youth. The findings revealed that perceived resilience was negatively related to suicidal ideation, substance abuse and violence. Suicidal ideation was positively related to both substance abuse and violence, whilst violence and substance abuse were positively correlated. Multiple regressions showed that perceived resilience served as a protective factor for suicidal ideation and having multiple sexual lifetime partners, suggesting that youth with lower level of perceived resilience were more likely to engage in various health risks behaviours. PMID:25575268

Oppong Asante, Kwaku; Meyer-Weitz, Anna

2015-02-01

64

Exploring family environment characteristics and multiple abuse experiences among homeless youth.  

PubMed

This qualitative study used data from the Social Enterprise Intervention (SEI) pilot study, a comprehensive vocational training program with integrated clinical services for homeless youth. In-depth interviews were conducted with 28 homeless youth participating in the SEI study to explore their perceptions of family environment characteristics and abuse experiences. The constant comparative method was used to analyze transcripts from in-depth interviews with the youth participants. Emergent themes related to family characteristics include home instability, abandonment, and caregiver substance abuse. Abuse-related subthemes include intrafamilial abuse, caregiver abuse, rejection, and deprecation by caregivers. Grounded theory is used to interpret findings and develop working hypotheses to guide future studies of multitype maltreatment among homeless youth. PMID:18931367

Ferguson, Kristin M

2009-11-01

65

Individual and Social Network Sexual Behavior Norms of Homeless Youth at High Risk for HIV Infection.  

PubMed

Although previous research shows that homeless youth engage in numerous risky sexual behaviors, little is known about whether or not specific rules govern this conduct within their social networks and how group norms influence subsequent sexual actions. The current study utilizes 19 in-depth interviews with homeless youth to investigate different elements of their sexual behavior. Findings reveal that their decision to have sex generally depends on chemistry and physical appearance whereas a potential partner's risky sexual history and heavy substance use discourages youth from engaging in sex. Both males and females discuss condom usage as it relates to unknown sexual history, availability, pregnancy, and the prevention of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Sixteen homeless youth indicate that they do not discuss safe sex practices with their partners or social network members. PMID:23162182

Tyler, Kimberly A; Melander, Lisa A

2012-12-01

66

The Education for Homeless Children and Youth Program: Learning To Succeed. Volume II. Educating Homeless Children and Youth: A Resource Guide to Promoting Practices. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide suggests strategies to help states, districts, and schools overcome barriers that keep homeless children and youth from getting the education to which they are entitled, presenting approaches for helping them achieve the same high standards expected of all children. The promising practices all come from states and districts that have…

Funkhouser, Janie E.; Riley, Derek L.; Suh, H. Jenny; Lennon, Jean M.

67

Explaining homeless youths' criminal justice interactions: childhood trauma or surviving life on the streets?  

PubMed

Homeless youth are at increased risk for involvement in the criminal justice system. This study investigated childhood trauma as a risk factor for arrest or jail among a sample of youth seeking services at drop in, shelter, and transitional housing settings, while controlling for more established risk factors including: substance use, peer deviance, and engagement in survival behaviors. Standardized and researcher developed measures collected quantitative data through face-to-face interviews with youth (N = 202). Two sequential logic regression models identified significant predictors of arrest and jail, with a particular interest in the effects of childhood maltreatment. Youth with a history of physical abuse were nearly twice as likely to be arrested and to be jailed compared to non-abused youth, controlling for the significant influence of drug use and survival behaviors. These findings suggest the need for trauma screening and trauma-informed services for homeless youth at risk of illegal behavior. PMID:24337524

Yoder, Jamie Rae; Bender, Kimberly; Thompson, Sanna J; Ferguson, Kristin M; Haffejee, Badiah

2014-02-01

68

Out of the Shadows: Building an Agenda and Strategies for Preventing HIV Infection and AIDS among Street and Homeless Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes the findings of a conference that examined the problem of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) among street and homeless youth. Street and homeless youth, by virtue of their circumstances and the behaviors they engage in, are at great risk of becoming infected with HIV,…

Center for Population Options, Washington, DC.

69

A Snapshot of Homelessness in Massachusetts Public High Schools: 2005 Massachusetts Youth Risk Behavior Survey and Massachusetts Annual Homeless Enrollment Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data collected by the Massachusetts Department of Education (Department) during the 2005 Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) suggest that, despite significant efforts to identify homeless students, many are going undetected by their schools. Since the reauthorization of the McKinney Vento Homeless Assistance Education Improvement Act under the No…

Massachusetts Department of Education, 2007

2007-01-01

70

Personal Network Correlates of Alcohol, Cigarette, and Marijuana Use Among Homeless Youth  

PubMed Central

Background Youth who are homeless and on their own are among the most marginalized individuals in the United States and face multiple risks, including use of substances. This study investigates how the use of alcohol, cigarettes, and marijuana among homeless youth may be influenced by characteristics of their social networks. Methods Homeless youth aged 13–24 were randomly sampled from 41 service and street sites in Los Angeles County (N = 419). Predictors of substance use were examined using linear regression analysis (for average number of drinks and average number of cigarettes per day) and negative binomal regression analysis (for frequency of past month marijuana use). Results Youth with more substance users in their networks reported greater alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana consumption regardless of whether these network members provided tangible or emotional support. Marijuana use was more frequent for youth who met more network members through homeless settings, but less frequent among those who met more network members through treatment or AA/NA. Greater alcohol use occurred among youth who met more network members through substance use-related activities. Youth having more adults in positions of responsibility in their networks consumed less alcohol, and those with more school attendees in their networks consumed less alcohol and cigarettes. Conclusions Findings highlight the importance of social context in understanding substance use among homeless youth. Results also support the relevance of network-based interventions to change social context for substance using youth, in terms of both enhancing pro-social influences and reducing exposure to substance use. PMID:20656423

Wenzel, Suzanne L.; Tucker, Joan S.; Golinelli, Daniela; Green, Harold D.; Zhou, Annie

2013-01-01

71

Homelessness Assistance and Resources  

MedlinePLUS

... are also available. Find local housing, food, and health care assistance agencies Resources for the chronically homeless Resources for homeless veterans Resources for homeless youth Resources for homeless veteran ...

72

Association between prescription drug misuse and injection among runaway and homeless youth  

PubMed Central

Background The nonmedical use of prescription drugs is the fastest growing drug problem in the United States, disproportionately impacting youth. Furthermore, the population prevalence of injection drug use among youth is also on the rise. This short communication examines the association between current prescription drug misuse (PDM) and injection among runaway and homeless youth. Methods Homeless youth were surveyed between October, 2011 and February, 2012 at two drop-in service agencies in Los Angeles, CA. Prevalence ratios (PR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the association between current PDM and injection behavior were estimated. The outcome of interest was use of a needle to inject any illegal drug into the body during the past 30 days. Results Of 380 homeless youth (median age, 21; IQR, 17-25; 72% male), 84 (22%) reported current PDM and 48 (13%) reported currently injecting. PDM during the past 30 days was associated with a 7.7 (95% CI: 4.4, 13.5) fold increase in the risk of injecting during that same time. Among those reporting current PDM with concurrent heroin, cocaine, and methamphetamine use, the PR with injection was 15.1 (95% CI: 8.5, 26.8). Conclusions Runaway and homeless youth are at increased risk for a myriad of negative outcomes. Our preliminary findings are among the first to show the strong association between current PDM and injection in this population. Our findings provide the basis for additional research to delineate specific patterns of PDM and factors that enable or inhibit transition to injection among homeless and runaway youth. PMID:24300900

Al-Tayyib, Alia A; Rice, Eric; Rhoades, Harmony; Riggs, Paula

2013-01-01

73

The Impact of Specific and Complex Trauma on the Mental Health of Homeless Youth.  

PubMed

This study investigates the relative impact of trauma experiences that occurred prior to and since becoming homeless on depressive symptoms, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, and self-injurious behaviors among a sample of homeless youth (N = 389). Youth (aged 13 to 25) who had been homeless or precariously housed in the past year completed a survey about housing history, experiences of violence and victimization, mental health, and service utilization. In addition to examining the impact associated with specific trauma types, we also considered the effect of "early-on" poly-victimization (i.e., cumulative number of reported traumas prior to homelessness) and the influence of a compound sexual trauma variable created to represent earlier complex trauma. This created-variable has values ranging from no reported trauma, single trauma, multiple non-sexual traumas, and multiple traumas that co-occurred with sexual abuse. Multivariate analyses revealed that specific traumatic experiences prior to homelessness, including sexual abuse, emotional abuse/neglect, and adverse home environment, predicted greater mental health symptoms. Poly-victimization did not add to the prediction of mental health symptoms after the inclusion of specific traumas. Results with early compound sexual trauma revealed significant differences between lower-order trauma exposures and multiple-trauma exposures. Specifically, experience of multiple traumas that co-occurred with sexual trauma was significantly more detrimental in predicting PTSD symptoms than multiple traumas of non-sexual nature. Findings support the utility of an alternate/novel conceptualization of complex trauma, and support the need to carefully evaluate complex traumatic experiences that occurred prior to homelessness, which can impact the design and implementation of mental health care and services for homeless youth. PMID:25392379

Wong, Carolyn F; Clark, Leslie F; Marlotte, Lauren

2014-11-11

74

Prep/Tech: Volume 1, No. 1, Youth on homelessness  

SciTech Connect

PREP/TECH is a skill development, academic enrichment program of U. of Toledo in Toledo OH and The Engineers Foundation of Ohio; it addresses the mathematics, science, language, and intellectual needs of about 100 African-American and Hispanic-American 7th, 8th, and 9th graders in Toledo. This summer, after 3 weeks of classes, the 80 students returned for a second 3 week session and were divided into two groups, one studying the growing problem of homelessness in America. This group researched and published a pamphlet on homelessness. This report is divided into: myths, causes, descriptions, and solutions. Finally, a brief account is given of the homelessness project.

NONE

1995-12-31

75

The Power of the Drug, Nature of Support, and their Impact on Homeless Youth  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to explore homeless youths’ perspectives on the power of drugs in their lives, the preferred type of drugs used, barriers to treatment, and strategies to prevent drug initiation and abuse. This was a descriptive, qualitative study using focus groups with a purposeful sample of 24 homeless drug-using youth. The results provided insight into the lives of drug-using homeless youth. Most commonly-used drugs were marijuana and alcohol. Reported reasons for drug use were parental drug use, low self-esteem, and harsh living conditions on the streets. Barriers to treatment were pleasurable enjoyment of the drug, physical dependence, and non-empathetic mental health providers. Strategies to prevent initiation and abuse of drugs were creative activities, such as art, sports, and music, and disdain for parental/family drug use and abuse. Comparative research is needed on specific personal factors that cause initiation and deterrence of drugs use/abuse among homeless youth. PMID:20155605

Hudson, Angela L.; Nyamathi, Adeline; Slagle, Alexandra; Greengold, Barbara; Griffin, Deborah Koniak; Khalilifard, Farinaz; Gedzoff, Danny; Reid, Courtney

2010-01-01

76

Art Making as a Component and Facilitator of Resiliency with Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homelessness among youth is a serious societal problem in the United States. Treatment efforts have approached the problem from a damage model that focuses on pathology and deficits instead of strengthening coping skills and resiliency. This study utilized both quantitative (N=212) and qualitative (n=3) measures to examine the function of…

Prescott, Margaret V.; Sekendur, Banu; Bailey, Bryce; Hoshino, Janice

2008-01-01

77

A Review of Services and Interventions for Runaway and Homeless Youth: Moving Forward  

PubMed Central

Research focused on the impact of community-based services and treatment interventions designed to intervene in the lives of runaway and homeless youth has increased in the last two decades in the U.S. and internationally. In light of the tremendous need for identifying effective strategies to end homelessness and its associated problems among youth, this paper summarizes and critiques the findings of the extant literature including U.S., international, and qualitative studies. Thirty-two papers met criteria for inclusion in the review. Among the conclusions are that comprehensive interventions which target the varied and interconnected needs of these youth and families may be worthy of more study than studies that isolate the intervention focus on one problem. Also, more research incorporating design strategies that increase the reliability and validity of study findings is needed. Other preliminary conclusions and future directions are offered. PMID:20161294

Slesnick, Natasha; Dashora, Pushpanjali; Letcher, Amber; Erdem, Gizem; Serovich, Julianne

2009-01-01

78

The Most Frequently Asked Questions on the Education Rights of Children and Youth in Homeless Situations. Revised  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides answers to frequently asked questions on the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act and the education rights of children and youth in homeless situations. The answers are general responses based on federal statutes, regulations, and guidance; relevant case law; and best practices from across the country. While the National…

National Association for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth, 2009

2009-01-01

79

Individual and Environmental Protective Factors for Risky Sexual Behavior among Homeless Youth: An Exploration of Gender Differences  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of the current study was to identify potential individual and environmental protective factors for sex risk behavior\\u000a among homeless youth. We explored gender differences in the prediction of unprotected sex and number of sex partners. Data\\u000a were collected from 192 sexually active, homeless youth who were 14–21 years old. High rates of sex risk behavior were reported.\\u000a Significant gender

Heather D. Tevendale; Marguerita Lightfoot; Suzanne L. Slocum

2009-01-01

80

Mean Streets: Youth Crime and Homelessness. Cambridge Criminology Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the social worlds of homeless children in two Canadian cities, Toronto and Vancouver, comparing them with the environments of in-home and in-school children from the perspective of the children. Samples of 390 and 482 children were interviewed. The following chapters are included: (1) "Street and School Criminologies"; (2)…

Hagan, John; McCarthy, Bill

81

Making the Grade: Challenges and Successes in Providing Educational Opportunities for Children and Youth in Homeless Situations. Bridging the Gap between Home and School. A Position Document.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Profiles of the 1995-96 implementation of the Stewart B. McKinney Act's Education for Homeless Children and Youth (EHCY) Programs in 37 states are presented in this document. In these 37 states, at least 173,082 homeless children and youth were served through programs funded by the McKinney Act, and at least 465 local education agencies received…

National Association of State Coordinators for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth.

82

Engaging homeless youth in community-based participatory research: a case study from Skid Row, Los Angeles.  

PubMed

Growing evidence highlights the benefits to youth of involvement in community-based participatory research. Less attention has been paid, however, to the contributions youth can make to helping change health-promoting policy through such work. We describe a multi-method case study of a policy-focused community-based participatory research project in the Skid Row area of downtown Los Angeles, California, where a small group of homeless youth worked with adult mentors to develop and conduct a survey of 96 homeless youth and used the findings to help secure health-promoting policy change. We review the partnership's work at each stage of the policy-making process; its successes in changing policy regarding recreation, juvenile justice, and education; and the challenges encountered, especially with policy enforcement. We share lessons learned, including the importance of strong adult mentors and of policy environments conducive to sustainable, health-promoting change for marginalized youth. PMID:23384969

Garcia, Analilia P; Minkler, Meredith; Cardenas, Zelenne; Grills, Cheryl; Porter, Charles

2014-01-01

83

Online Social Networking Technologies, HIV Knowledge, and Sexual Risk and Testing Behaviors Among Homeless Youth  

PubMed Central

This study evaluates associations between online social networking and sexual health behaviors among homeless youth in Los Angeles. We analyzed survey data from 201 homeless youth accessing services at a Los Angeles agency. Multivariate (regression and logistic) models assessed whether use of (and topics discussed on) online social networking technologies affect HIV knowledge, sexual risk behaviors, and testing for sexually transmitted infections (STIs). One set of results suggests that using online social networks for partner seeking (compared to not using the networks for seeking partners) is associated with increased sexual risk behaviors. Supporting data suggest that (1) using online social networks to talk about safe sex is associated with an increased likelihood of having met a recent sex partner online, and (2) having online sex partners and talking to friends on online social networks about drugs and partying is associated with increased exchange sex. However, results also suggest that online social network usage is associated with increased knowledge and HIV/STI prevention among homeless youth: (1) using online social networks to talk about love and safe sex is associated with increased knowledge about HIV, (2) using the networks to talk about love is associated with decreased exchange sex, and (3) merely being a member of an online social network is associated with increased likelihood of having previously tested for STIs. Taken together, this study suggests that online social networking and the topics discussed on these networks can potentially increase and decrease sexual risk behaviors depending on how the networks are used. Developing sexual health services and interventions on online social networks could reduce sexual risk behaviors. PMID:20848305

Rice, Eric

2010-01-01

84

Life skill interventions with homeless youth, domestic violence victims and adults with mental illness.  

PubMed

SUMMARY This paper presents three exploratory studies of life skills interventions (employment, money management or food/nutrition) with 73 homeless individuals from four shelters and supportive housing programs located in the urban Midwest for youth, victims of domestic violence and adults with mental illness. The Ansell Casey Life Skills Assessment was administered prior to the eight group and individual sessions. Quizzes and posttests indicated clinical change in all groups, with statistical significance in the domestic violence group. The intervention implementation, challenges encountered, and strategies developed for implementing shelter-based interventions are discussed. Recommendations for successfully providing collaborative university-shelter clinical interventions are provided. PMID:23926940

Helfrich, Christine A; Aviles, Ann M; Badiani, Chaula; Walens, Deborah; Sabol, Peggy

2006-01-01

85

Youth  

MedlinePLUS

... Look Ahead and Take Action 2015: Making a Difference for Youth Experiencing Homelessness – A National Perspective Partnerships ... and Community Service General Services Administration Office of Management and Budget U.S. Postal Service White House Office ...

86

Homeless Gay and Transgender Youth of Color in San Francisco: "No One Likes Street Kids"--Even in the Castro  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study, focused on five transgender and gay youth of color from San Francisco, explored how family problems, poverty, homophobia, and transphobia propelled them into homelessness and made gay-friendly spaces and resources especially meaningful to them. These young people describe seeking support in San Francisco's well-known gay enclave, the…

Reck, Jen

2009-01-01

87

The Mediating Roles of Stress and Maladaptive Behaviors on Self-Harm and Suicide Attempts among Runaway and Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Runaway and homeless youth often have a constellation of background behavioral, emotional, and familial problems that contribute to stress and maladaptive behaviors, which, in turn, can lead to self-harming and suicidal behaviors. The current study examined the roles of stress and maladaptive behaviors as mediators between demographic and…

Moskowitz, Amanda; Stein, Judith A.; Lightfoot, Marguerita

2013-01-01

88

Understanding Condom Use Decision Making Among Homeless Youth Using Event-Level Data.  

PubMed

This is one of the first qualitative event-based studies to understand the various mechanisms through which multiple factors influence condom use decision making among homeless youth. Event-level interviews that explore characteristics of the environment surrounding sexual events were conducted with 29 youth who were asked to describe two recent sexual encounters. In thematic analyses of data across events, reasons that youth gave for engaging in unprotected sex included the expectation of having sex and use of alternative methods of protection against pregnancy. Other nonevent factors that influenced condom use decision making were related to attributes of the partnership (e.g., testing, trust and love, and assessments of risk) and attributes of the youth (e.g., perceptions of diseases, concerns over pregnancy, and discomfort using condoms). Additional event analyses conducted within the same individuals found that decision making was influenced by multiple interacting factors, with different pathways operating for event and nonevent factors. Future interventions should consider taking a multilevel and individualized approach that focuses on event-based determinants of risky sex in this population. PMID:25396781

Rana, Yashodhara; Brown, Ryan A; Kennedy, David P; Ryan, Gery W; Stern, Stefanie; Tucker, Joan S

2014-11-14

89

The Education for Homeless Children and Youth Program: Learning To Succeed. Volume I: Reducing Barriers for Homeless Children and Youth for Access and Achievement. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 1984 amendment to the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act instructs states to ensure that homeless students have equal access to the same free and appropriate public education as nonhomeless students. It provides local educational authorities increased flexibility to use funds, specify the rights of homeless preschoolers, give parents of…

Phillips, Clarenda M.; Wodatch, Jessica K.; Kelliher, Catherine T.

90

Decision Processes about Condom Use among Shelter-Homeless LGBT Youth in Manhattan  

PubMed Central

Health behavior interventions based on Theory of Planned Behavior address participants' personally-held beliefs, perceived social norms, and control over the behavior. New data are always needed to “member check” participants' decision processes and inform interventions. This qualitative study investigates decision processes around condom use among 81 homeless LGBT youth ages 18–26. Findings indicated considerable endorsement of the conventional policy of always using condoms, promulgated in HIV prevention education targeting this population. Although some participants reported risk behavior in contexts of sex work, survival sex, casual encounters, open relationships, and substance use, most were aware of these risks and consistently safe in those situations. Condoms use boundaries became vulnerable in states of emotional need and negative mood. The only effect participants acknowledged of homelessness on condom use was indirect, through negative mood states. The most prevalent context of condom non-use was with long-term primary partners, a potential area of vulnerability because, of 13 participants for HIV or HCV, nine mentioned how they had been infected, and all nine believed they had acquired it from a primary partner. Findings imply programs should emphasize HIV risk potential within long-term romantic partnerships and mental health services to remediate negative mood states. PMID:22693658

Ream, Geoffrey L.; Barnhart, Kate F.; Lotz, Kevin V.

2012-01-01

91

Art Messaging as a Medium to Engage Homeless Young Adults Art Messaging as a Medium to Engage Homeless Youth  

PubMed Central

Background Art has been shown to be an empowering and engaging entity with numerous benefits to vulnerable populations, including the homeless persons and young adults. Yet, little is known how homeless young adults perceive the use of art as messages that can communicate the danger of initiating or continuing drug and alcohol use. Objectives The purpose of this study was to solicit perspectives of homeless drug-using young adults as to how art can be used to design messages for their peers about the danger of initiating or continuing drug and alcohol use. Methods Qualitative methodology via focus group discussions was utilized to engage 24 homeless young adults enrolled from a drop-in site in Santa Monica. Results The findings revealed support for a myriad of delivery styles, including in person communication, flyers, music, documentary film and creative writing. The young adults also provided insight into the importance of the thematic framework of messages. Such themes ranged from empowering and hopeful messages to those designed to scare young homeless adults into not experimenting with drugs. Conclusions The findings indicate that in addition to messages communicating the need to prevent or reduce drug and alcohol use, homeless young adults respond to messages that remind them of goals and dreams they once had for their future, and to content that is personal, real and truthful. . Our research indicates that messages that reinforce protective factors such as hope for the future and self-esteem may be as important to homeless young adults as information about the risks and consequences of drug use. PMID:21441664

Nyamathi, Adeline; Slagle, Alexandra; Thomas, Alexandra; Hudson, Angela; Khalilifard, Farinaz; Avila, Glenna; Orser, Julie; Cuchilla, Manuel

2013-01-01

92

Pregnancy attitudes, contraceptive service utilization, and other factors associated with Los Angeles homeless youths’ use of effective contraception and withdrawal  

PubMed Central

Study Objective This study aims to understand the associations of contraceptive service utilization (i.e., accessing condoms or birth control), pregnancy attitudes, and lifetime pregnancy history among male and female homeless youth in relation to use of effective contraception and withdrawal. Design, Setting, and Participants Between October 2011 and February 2012, homeless youth (14–27 years old) from two drop-in centers in Los Angeles (N=380) were recruited and completed a questionnaire. The data in this paper are restricted to those who reported vaginal sex at last sex (N=283). Main Outcome Measures Analyses examined history of foster care, sexual abuse, exchange sex, pregnancy, lifetime homelessness duration, current living situation, contraceptive service utilization, and pregnancy attitudes in predicting use of effective contraception and withdrawal at last sex. Results Over 62% of females and 43% of males report having ever been pregnant or impregnating someone. There are no gender-based differences in pregnancy attitudes; 21% agree they would like to become pregnant within the year. Additionally, there are no gender-based differences in reported contraceptive use at last vaginal sex. In the multivariable model, high school education, contraceptive service utilization (RRR: 4.0), and anti-pregnancy attitudes (RRR: 1.3) are significant positive predictors of using effective contraception; anti-pregnancy attitudes (RRR:1.2) and gender (RRR: 0.3) are significantly associated with using withdrawal. Conclusions Health professionals should acknowledge that some homeless youth desire pregnancy; for those that do not, access to effective contraception is important. Programs must continue to promote pregnancy prevention, and include discussions of healthy pregnancy habits for pregnancy-desiring youth. PMID:24238265

Winetrobe, H.; Rhoades, H.; Barman-Adhikari, A.; Cederbaum, J.; Rice, E.; Milburn, N.

2013-01-01

93

Proceedings of the International Conference on AIDS and Homeless Youth: An Agenda for the Future (1st, San Francisco, California, June 25, 1990).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This proceedings of the first international conference on Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and homeless youth included over 125 delegates from 32 countries. There was strong consensus among delegates that street youth are often in high and multiple Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) risk situations, and programmatic responses are needed.…

Luna, G. Cajetan; And Others

94

Homeless Families, Children, and Youth in Stanislaus County--Problems and Solutions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The homeless crisis in America is a complex issue with no "quick fixes." In Stanislaus County, California, it seems that there are many programs operating in isolation of one another. Approximately 5% of the county's population is homeless. Homeless persons have survival needs for food and clothing, hygiene, health care, affordable housing,…

Boley, Ellen

95

Education and Community Support for Homeless Children and Youth: Profiles of 15 Innovative and Promising Approaches.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report profiles 15 programs that are providing education and support services to homeless students. These programs have been selected from over 40 nominations from state homeless coordinators and from national organizations concerned with services to the homeless. The profiled programs were selected on the basis of innovative educational…

Zeldin, Shepherd; Bogart, Joanne

96

45 CFR 1351.19 - What additional information should an applicant or grantee have about a Runaway and Homeless...  

...applicant or grantee have about a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant? 1351.19 Section...FAMILY AND YOUTH SERVICES BUREAU RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH PROGRAM Runaway and Homeless Youth Program Grant § 1351.19...

2014-10-01

97

Mobilizing homeless youth for HIV prevention: a social network analysis of the acceptability of a face-to-face and online social networking intervention  

PubMed Central

The objective of the study is to use social network analysis to examine the acceptability of a youth-led, hybrid face-to-face and online social networking HIV prevention program for homeless youth.Seven peer leaders (PLs) engaged face-to-face homeless youth (F2F) in the creation of digital media projects (e.g. You Tube videos). PL and F2F recruited online youth (OY) to participate in MySpace and Facebook communities where digital media was disseminated and discussed. The resulting social networks were assessed with respect to size, growth, density, relative centrality of positions and homophily of ties. Seven PL, 53 F2F and 103 OY created two large networks. After the first 50 F2F youth participated, online networks entered a rapid growth phase. OY were among the most central youth in these networks. Younger aged persons and females were disproportionately connected to like youth. The program appears highly acceptable to homeless youth. Social network analysis revealed which PL were the most critical to the program and which types of participants (younger youth and females) may require additional outreach efforts in the future. PMID:22247453

Rice, Eric; Tulbert, Eve; Cederbaum, Julie; Barman Adhikari, Anamika; Milburn, Norweeta G.

2012-01-01

98

Mobilizing homeless youth for HIV prevention: a social network analysis of the acceptability of a face-to-face and online social networking intervention.  

PubMed

The objective of the study is to use social network analysis to examine the acceptability of a youth-led, hybrid face-to-face and online social networking HIV prevention program for homeless youth.Seven peer leaders (PLs) engaged face-to-face homeless youth (F2F) in the creation of digital media projects (e.g. You Tube videos). PL and F2F recruited online youth (OY) to participate in MySpace and Facebook communities where digital media was disseminated and discussed. The resulting social networks were assessed with respect to size, growth, density, relative centrality of positions and homophily of ties. Seven PL, 53 F2F and 103 OY created two large networks. After the first 50 F2F youth participated, online networks entered a rapid growth phase. OY were among the most central youth in these networks. Younger aged persons and females were disproportionately connected to like youth. The program appears highly acceptable to homeless youth. Social network analysis revealed which PL were the most critical to the program and which types of participants (younger youth and females) may require additional outreach efforts in the future. PMID:22247453

Rice, Eric; Tulbert, Eve; Cederbaum, Julie; Barman Adhikari, Anamika; Milburn, Norweeta G

2012-04-01

99

Does school attendance reduce the risk of youth homelessness in Tanzania?  

PubMed Central

Background This paper is based on data gathered from a 2006 survey of 1,098 "street children" in Northern Tanzania. It examines the role that school may play in preventing the migration of vulnerable youth to become homeless "street children". Specific focus is placed on the correlations found between children's attendance in school, their reports of abuse or support in their family, and their status of living "on the street" full-time or part-time. Methods This study is from quantitative interview data gathered from 1,098 children and youth between 5 and 24 years old on the streets of Moshi and Arusha, Tanzania, over a 48-hour period during the school year on October 26th and 27th, 2006. Respondents were given survey questions about their home, school and street life experiences, in order to measure the impact of outreach work being performed by a Tanzanian NGO. Interviewers used purposive sampling, approaching all young people who appeared to be under the age of 25 years within a number of precincts in each town known to be where 'street children' were known to congregate. Results Results suggest that regular attendance in school may be a significant protective factor for children in preventing migration to the street life. Statistical analysis revealed that those young people who dropped out of school had nearly 8 times higher chances for ending up on the streets permanently than those who attended school daily. Conclusions This study supports the new concept of "multi-layered social resilience", providing evidence from research completed by one NGO on how community-based organizations can help enhance resilience in a broader social context, spanning individuals, households and community structures. PMID:21108808

2010-01-01

100

To use or not to use: a stage-based approach to understanding condom use among homeless youth.  

PubMed

This study used a stage-based approach to understand condom use behavior in a representative sample of 309 sexually active homeless youth recruited from shelters, drop-in centers, and street sites in Los Angeles County. Focusing on the youth's most recent sexual event, the three stages of condom use examined were: (1) whether the partners decided prior to the event about using condoms; (2) whether a condom was available at the event; and (3) whether a condom was used at the event. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify attitudinal, relationship, and contextual correlates of each of these three stages. Deciding ahead of time about condom use was associated with being Hispanic, level of education, condom attitudes, and various relationship characteristics (e.g., partner type, monogamy, relationship abuse), with the nature of these associations varying depending on the type of decision (i.e., deciding to use, deciding to not use). Condom availability was more likely to be reported by males, if the event was described as being special in some way, or if the event lacked privacy. Condom use was more likely among youth with more positive condom attitudes and among youth who decide ahead of time to use a condom, but less likely among those in monogamous relationships or when hard drugs were used prior to sex. Whether sexual intercourse is protected or unprotected is the end result of a series of decisions and actions by sexual partners. Results from this study illustrate how condom use can be better understood by unpacking the stages and identifying influential factors at each stage. Each stage may, in and of itself, be an important target for intervention with homeless youth. PMID:24099462

Tucker, Joan S; Ober, Allison; Ryan, Gery; Golinelli, Daniela; Ewing, Brett; Wenzel, Suzanne L

2014-01-01

101

Psychopathology in African Unaccompanied Refugee Minors in Austria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We assessed the prevalence of a range of psychopathology among African unaccompanied refugee minors (URMs) in Austria. Additionally, the predictive value of war exposure on PTSD symptoms was examined. Forty-one URMs were assessed with the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview for children and adolescents, the Youth Self-Report, the UCLA…

Huemer, Julia; Karnik, Niranjan; Voelkl-Kernstock, Sabine; Granditsch, Elisabeth; Plattner, Belinda; Friedrich, Max; Steiner, Hans

2011-01-01

102

A State Plan To Educate California's Homeless Children and Youth. Draft.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

California's state plan for homeless education is submitted in compliance with the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act of 1987. The plan includes a preface, an introduction, five sections, and six appendices. The introduction presents the following information: (1) the mandate of Title VII, Subtitle B of the McKinney Act; (2) definitions…

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.

103

Institutional Discharges and Subsequent Shelter Use among Unaccompanied Adults in New York City  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study empirically examines the link between homelessness and discharges from other institutions. An administrative record match was undertaken to determine rates of discharge from institutional care for 9,247 unaccompanied adult shelter users in New York City. Cluster analysis and multinomial logistic regression analysis was then used to…

Metraux, Stephen; Byrne, Thomas; Culhane, Dennis P.

2010-01-01

104

Evaluating a Transitional Living Program for Homeless, Former Foster Care Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goals of this study were to (a) assess the outcomes of former foster care youth using transitional living programs and (b) compare outcomes achieved by former foster care youth who participated in an employment training program with similar youth who did not. The study sampled 23 former foster care youth using transitional living services in…

Rashid, Sonja

2004-01-01

105

Education for Homeless Children and Youth Program: Title VII-B of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assitance Act, as Amended by The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. Draft Non-Regulatory Guidance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This non-regulatroy guide from the U.S. Department of Education focuses on the McKinney-Vento Education for the Homeless Children and Youth (McKinney-Vento) program as amended by the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. An introductory section explains the purpose of McKinney-Vento, the statutory authority for the program, how the new McKinney-Vento…

Department of Education, Washington, DC.

106

Homeless youths: Sexual and drug-related behaviour, sexual beliefs and HIV\\/AIDS risk  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homeless, Anglo-Australian and Greek-Australian 16-year-olds were questioned about their sexual behaviour and sexual beliefs. Measures of sexual risk-taking included type of behaviour, condom use and number of partners. Drug risk was assessed by extent of IV drug use, and sharing and cleaning needles. Sexual beliefs included self-perceptions of sexual anxiety, arousal, exploration and commitment In addition, motivations for engaging in,

D. Rosenthal; S. Moore; S. Buzwell

1994-01-01

107

Quality of life themes in Canadian adults and street youth who are homeless or hard-to-house: A multi-site focus group study  

PubMed Central

Background The aim of this study was to identify what is most important to the quality of life (QoL) of those who experience homelessness by directly soliciting the views of homeless and hard-to-house Canadians themselves. These individuals live within a unique social context that differs considerably from that of the general population. To understand the life areas that are most important to them, it is critical to have direct input from target populations of homeless and hard-to-house persons. Methods Focus groups were conducted with 140 individuals aged 15 to 73?years who were homeless or hard-to-house to explore the circumstances in which they were living and to capture what they find to be important and relevant domains of QoL. Participants were recruited in Toronto, Ottawa, Montreal, and Vancouver. Content analysis was used to analyze the data. Results Six major content themes emerged: Health/health care; Living conditions; Financial situation; Employment situation; Relationships; and Recreational and leisure activities. These themes were linked to broader concepts that included having choices, stability, respect, and the same rights as other members of society. Conclusions These findings not only aid our understanding of QoL in this group, but may be used to develop measures that capture QoL in this population and help programs and policies become more effective in improving the life situation for persons who are homeless and hard-to-house. Quality of life themes in Canadian adults and street youth who are homeless or hard-to-house: A multi-site focus group study. PMID:22894551

2012-01-01

108

19 CFR 145.43 - Unaccompanied tourist shipments  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Unaccompanied tourist shipments 145.43 Section 145.43 Customs...Classes of Merchandise § 145.43 Unaccompanied tourist shipments Unaccompanied tourist shipments for which entry is claimed...

2011-04-01

109

19 CFR 145.43 - Unaccompanied tourist shipments  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Unaccompanied tourist shipments 145.43 Section 145.43 Customs...Classes of Merchandise § 145.43 Unaccompanied tourist shipments Unaccompanied tourist shipments for which entry is claimed...

2010-04-01

110

Homeless Children: Addressing the Challenge in Rural Schools. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite stereotypes to the contrary, homelessness is as prevalent in rural as urban areas. This digest examines the implications of homelessness for rural children and youth and discusses possible actions by rural educators. An estimated half of the rural homeless are families with children. Compared to urban counterparts, rural homeless families…

Vissing, Yvonne M.

111

Personality and Psychopathology in African Unaccompanied Refugee Minors: Repression, Resilience and Vulnerability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examining personality and psychopathological symptoms among unaccompanied refugee minors (URMs), we measured intra-individual dimensions (repression and correlates thereof) usually associated with resilience. Forty-one URMs completed the Weinberger Adjustment Inventory (WAI), assessing personality, and the Youth Self-Report (YSR), describing…

Huemer, Julia; Volkl-Kernstock, Sabine; Karnik, Niranjan; Denny, Katherine G.; Granditsch, Elisabeth; Mitterer, Michaela; Humphreys, Keith; Plattner, Belinda; Friedrich, Max; Shaw, Richard J.; Steiner, Hans

2013-01-01

112

Homeless Youth: The Saga of "Pushouts" and "Throwaways" in America. Report of the Subcommittee on the Constitution of the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, Ninety-Sixth Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report of the Senate Subcommittee on the Constitution examines the phenomenon of homeless youth, including the population, their families, survival tactics, the availability of services, and future outlooks. A section reviewing the legal constraints imposed on young people which affect their ability to live on their own is followed by a…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on the Judiciary.

113

Educating Homeless Children. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Early Childhood, Youth and Families of the Committee on Education and the Workforce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Sixth Congress, Second Session (Phoenix, Arizona, September 5, 2000).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This hearing before the Subcommittee on Early Childhood, Youth and Families of the Committee on Education and the Workforce, House of Representatives, which was held in Phoenix, Arizona, focused on ensuring equal educational opportunities for homeless children. After an opening statement by the Honorable Matt Solomon, Subcommittee on Early…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and the Workforce.

114

Office of Scholarships and Financial Aid 2014-2015 Texas Application for State Financial Aid (TASFA)  

E-print Network

districtliaison determinethat you were an unaccompanied youth who was homeless? Yes No 10. Did the director were an unaccompanied youth who was homeless? Yes No 11. Did the director of a runaway of homeless was homeless or were self-supportingand atrisk of being homeless? Yes No If you answered"No" to all

Azevedo, Ricardo

115

Dependency Status & Policies Penn endorses the principle that education is first and foremost the responsibility of you and your family. Therefore, financial aid fund-  

E-print Network

district homeless liaison determined that you were an unaccompanied youth who was homeless · at any time.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development determined that you were an unaccompanied youth who was homeless · at any time after July 1, 2015 the director of a runaway or homeless youth basic center or transitional

Plotkin, Joshua B.

116

OFFICE OF STUDENT FINANCIAL AID 0102 Lee Building  

E-print Network

or school district homeless liaison determine that you were an unaccompanied youth who was homeless? If yes and Urban Development determine that you were an unaccompanied youth who was homeless? If yes, please the director of a runaway or homeless youth basic center or transitional living program determine that you were

Milchberg, Howard

117

Educating Homeless Children and Youth: How Are We Measuring Up? A Progress Report, School Year 1989-90.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the 1989-90 school year, the state of Maryland focused on heightening awareness, reaffirming commitments, and establishing partnerships between schools and shelters to ensure that homeless students had access to and success in school. The following accomplishments are outlined: (1) 21 local school districts implemented local policies and…

Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore. Div. of Compensatory, Urban, and Supplementary Programs.

118

Problems of Runaway Youth. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Juvenile Justice of the Committee on the Judiciary. United States Senate, Ninety-Seventh Congress, Second Session on Problems of and Services Provided for Runaway and Homeless Youth, Focusing on Support to State and Local Governments and Nonprofit Agencies for the Development of Community-Based Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These hearings, focusing on financial support for community-based programs dealing with problems of runaway and homeless youths, explore the scope of the problem, types of activities which are being undertaken, and paths for future action. Testimony and prepared statements are presented by several witnesses including a commissioner of the…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on the Judiciary.

119

Hearings on the Reauthorization of Title 3(b) of the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988: Drug Abuse Education and Prevention Programs for Runaway and Homeless Youth and Youth Gangs. Hearings before the Subcommittee on Human Resources of the Committee on Education and Labor. House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session (Washington, D.C., July 18, 1991; Downey, California, August 2, 1991).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains witness testimonies from two Congressional hearings examining the reauthorization of Title 3(b) of the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988 relating to the drug abuse education and prevention for runaway and homeless youth and youth gangs. Opening statements are included from Representatives Martinez and Fawell. Witnesses providing…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and Labor.

120

Educating Homeless Children and Adolescents: Evaluating Policy and Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the more enigmatic issues of contemporary homelessness is that of schooling. This collection highlights issues related to the provision of an education to homeless children and youths. Background information is offered, with an analysis of educational policy relating to homeless children. Practical strategies and a review of successful…

Stronge, James H., Ed.

121

Homeless Adolescents in the United States: An Overview for Pediatricians  

Microsoft Academic Search

An estimated 100 million children and adolescents are homeless in the world; about half of these are in the Western hemisphere. In the United States most homeless youth are adolescents who run away from home. Current estimates suggest that there are be- tween 1.3 and 1.5 million runaway and homeless adolescents at any given time in the United States. Families

Dilip R. Patel; Donald E. Greydanus

2002-01-01

122

School Help for Homeless Children with Disabilities: Information for Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is difficult for families dealing with homelessness to enroll their children in school and ensure their daily attendance. The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act gives homeless children and youth the right to enroll in school immediately, even if they do not have documents that are usually required for enrollment. The Individuals with…

National Center for Homeless Education at SERVE, 2007

2007-01-01

123

What about America's Homeless Children? Hide and Seek. Sage Sourcebooks for the Human Services Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book aims to present what is known about homeless children and to let the stories of some homeless families make their situations clear. The first part of the book covers the background and social, educational, and health issues of homeless children, with a discussion of causes. Part 2 presents some stories of homeless youth and families,…

Shane, Paul G.

124

45 CFR 400.116 - Service for unaccompanied minors.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Service for unaccompanied minors. 400.116 Section 400.116 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare...RESETTLEMENT PROGRAM Child Welfare Services § 400.116 Service for unaccompanied minors....

2010-10-01

125

High prevalence of HIV infection among homeless and street-involved Aboriginal youth in a Canadian setting  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aboriginal people experience a disproportionate burden of HIV infection among the adult population in Canada; however, less is known regarding the prevalence and characteristics of HIV positivity among drug-using and street-involved Aboriginal youth. We examined HIV seroprevalence and risk factors among a cohort of 529 street-involved youth in Vancouver, Canada. At baseline, 15 (2.8%) were HIV positive, of whom 7

Brandon DL Marshall; Thomas Kerr; Chris Livingstone; Kathy Li; Julio SG Montaner; Evan Wood

2008-01-01

126

INDEPENDENT STATUS APPEAL Academic Year 20132014 DIRECTIONS--If you do not meet the definition of an Independent student,  

E-print Network

to be an unaccompanied homeless youth by your high school district liaison or the director of an emergency shelter program on or after July 1, 2012. · You were determined to be an unaccompanied homeless youth at risk of being homeless by the director of a runaway or homeless center/ shelter on or after July 1, 2012. If you

Amin, S. Massoud

127

INDEPENDENT STATUS APPEAL Academic Year 20122013 DIRECTIONS--If you do not meet the definition of an independent student,  

E-print Network

to be an unaccompanied homeless youth by your high school district liaison or the director of an emergency shelter program on or after July 1, 2011. · You were determined to be an unaccompanied homeless youth at risk of being homeless by the director of a runaway or homeless center/ shelter on or after July 1, 2011

Blanchette, Robert A.

128

Division of Enrollment Management S107 Criser Hall Office for Student Financial Affairs PO Box 114025  

E-print Network

, 2012, my high school or school district homeless liaison determined I was an unaccompanied youth who was homeless. (Attach a photocopy of a letter from your school district certifying your homeless or at risk.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development determined I was an unaccompanied youth who was homeless. (Attach

Pilyugin, Sergei S.

129

INDEPENDENT STATUS APPEAL Academic Year 20142015 DIRECTIONS--If you do not meet the definition of an Independent student,  

E-print Network

to be an unaccompanied homeless youth by your high school district liaison or the director of an emergency shelter program on or after July 1, 2013. · You were determined to be an unaccompanied homeless youth at risk of being homeless by the director of a runaway or homeless center/ shelter on or after July 1, 2013. If you

Amin, S. Massoud

130

The Crisis in Homelessness: Effects on Children and Families. Hearing before the Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families. House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, First Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents witness testimonies and prepared statements from the Congressional hearing called to examine the effects of homelessness on children and families. In their opening statements, Representatives George Miller and Dan Coats emphasize that homelessness threatens the physical health and safety of children, places them at risk of…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families.

131

24 CFR 91.325 - Certifications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...first occupied by a homeless individual or family...services or shelter to homeless individuals and families...unaccompanied youth, veterans, disabled individuals...subrecipient will assist homeless individuals in obtaining...including medical and mental health treatment,...

2012-04-01

132

24 CFR 91.325 - Certifications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...first occupied by a homeless individual or family...services or shelter to homeless individuals and families...unaccompanied youth, veterans, disabled individuals...subrecipient will assist homeless individuals in obtaining...including medical and mental health treatment,...

2013-04-01

133

24 CFR 91.325 - Certifications.  

...first occupied by a homeless individual or family...services or shelter to homeless individuals and families...unaccompanied youth, veterans, disabled individuals...subrecipient will assist homeless individuals in obtaining...including medical and mental health treatment,...

2014-04-01

134

Unaccompanied refugee children and adolescents: the glaring contrast between a legal and a psychological perspective.  

PubMed

Unaccompanied refugee children and adolescents are a vulnerable group: they live not only in a relatively difficult situation as minor refugees staying in another country, but also face other risks due to the absence of their parents, such as traumatic experiences, exploitation or abuse. The difficult living situation of these unaccompanied refugee children and adolescents might therefore threaten their emotional well-being, resulting in important emotional and behavioural problems. This 'psychological' perspective shows the necessity of a strongly elaborated reception and care system for these children and adolescents in order to meet their specific situation and needs. Nevertheless, the case study of unaccompanied refugee minors living in Belgium, as explored in this paper, shows that the legal perspective on these youths - considering them as 'refugees' and 'migrants', not as 'children' - is predominantly the starting point to build the care system on. Moreover, this legal perspective contrasts sharply with the psychological perspective, as such that these children and adolescents do not receive appropriate support and care as they need. PMID:18644626

Derluyn, Ilse; Broekaert, Eric

2008-01-01

135

Homeless but Connected: The Role of Heterogeneous Social Network Ties and Social Networking Technology in the Mental Health Outcomes of Street-Living Youth  

PubMed Central

Although social integration tends to have positive effects on the mental health of housed adolescents, the role of homeless adolescents’ social networks is more ambiguous. Social network data were collected from 136 homeless adolescents in Hollywood, California to examine how network ties are associated with symptoms of anxiety and depression. Face-to-face relationships with street-based peers were a risk factor for both anxiety and depression, while contacting home-based friends through social networking technology was found to be protective for depression. Community-based and public agencies serving homeless adolescents should consider facilitating the maintenance of these protective relationships by providing internet access. PMID:22075769

Rice, Eric; Ray, Diana; Kurzban, Seth

2013-01-01

136

Office of Student Financial Aid & Scholarships Lakefront Campus, 2000 Lakeshore Drive  

E-print Network

, LA 70148 FAX: (504) 280-3973 E-MAIL: PECFORM@UNO.EDU Unaccompanied Homeless Youth Verification an unaccompanied homeless youth after July 1, 2008 This means that, after July 1, 2008, ___________________ (Student Name) was living in a homeless situation, as defined by Section 725 of the McKinney-Vento Act

Li, X. Rong

137

STATEMENT re: Another Dependent 2011-2012 ACADEMIC YEAR  

E-print Network

the sibling's high school or school district homeless liaison determine that he/she was an unaccompanied youth who was homeless? (See notes on FAFSA page 9) 12. At any time on or after July 1, 2010, did and Urban Development determine that the sibling was an unaccompanied youth who was homeless? (See notes

Rosen, Jay

138

Educating Homeless Children: Issues and Answers. Fastback 313.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication summarizes issues relating to the education of homeless children and youth and reviews programs that are effective in the delivery of educational services to this population. The report is comprised of five sections. The first section, "Introduction," surveys factors contributing to homelessness and indicates the special needs of…

Stronge, James H.; Tenhouse, Cheri

139

Mental health issues in unaccompanied refugee minors  

PubMed Central

Previous studies about unaccompanied refugee minors (URMs) showed that they are a highly vulnerable group who have greater psychiatric morbidity than the general population. This review focuses on mental health issues among URMs. Articles in databases PsycINFO, Medline and PubMed from 1998 to 2008 addressing this topic were reviewed. The literature had a considerable emphasis on the assessment of PTSD symptoms. Results revealed higher levels of PTSD symptoms in comparison to the norm populations and accompanied refugee minors. In several studies, age and female gender predicted or influenced PTSD symptoms. The existing literature only permits limited conclusions on this very hard to reach population. Future research should include the analysis of long-term outcomes, stress management and a more thorough analysis of the whole range of psychopathology. Additionally, the development of culturally sensitive norms and standardized measures for diverse ethnic groups is of great importance. PMID:19341468

Huemer, Julia; Karnik, Niranjan S; Voelkl-Kernstock, Sabine; Granditsch, Elisabeth; Dervic, Kanita; Friedrich, Max H; Steiner, Hans

2009-01-01

140

19 CFR 148.114 - Shipment of unaccompanied articles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...vendor shall place the form in an envelope, affix it to the outside of the shipment, and clearly mark the outside of the shipment “Unaccompanied Tourist Shipment.” [T.D. 78-394, 43 FR 49790, Oct. 25,...

2010-04-01

141

19 CFR 148.114 - Shipment of unaccompanied articles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...vendor shall place the form in an envelope, affix it to the outside of the shipment, and clearly mark the outside of the shipment “Unaccompanied Tourist Shipment.” [T.D. 78-394, 43 FR 49790, Oct. 25,...

2011-04-01

142

Helping the Homeless in School and out  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homeless children can be hard to identify and even harder to help. But teachers can do a great deal to make sure that they do not fall through the cracks. Teachers of highly mobile students must develop the skills to make these children and youth feel welcome while quickly weaving them into classroom routines. They must rapidly assess new…

Holgersson-Shorter, Helena

2010-01-01

143

Increasing School Stability for Students Experiencing Homelessness: Overcoming Challenges to Providing Transportation to the School of Origin  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this monograph is to review the provisions of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act as related to the provision of transportation of homeless children and youth to their school of origin and provide recommendations for implementing the transportation mandate. The National Center for Homeless Education (NCHE) in 2003-2004…

Bowman, Diana; Barksdale, Katina

2004-01-01

144

Residential Instability and the McKinney-Vento Homeless Children and Education Program: What We Know, Plus Gaps in Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As homelessness increased among families and children during the 1980s and 1990s, policymakers created, and strengthened, the McKinney-Vento Education for Homeless Children and Youth (EHCY) program. The McKinney-Vento EHCY program aims to mitigate the effects of residential instability through the identification of homeless children in schools and…

Cunningham, Mary; Harwood, Robin; Hall, Sam

2010-01-01

145

Homelessness in America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book about homelessness in the United States offers 16 chapters in three parts. Part 1, "History Definitions, and Causes," includes: (1) "Redefining the Cursed Word: A Historical Interpretation of American Homelessness" (Kim Hopper and Jim Baumohl); (2) "Homelessness: Definitions and Counts" (Martha R. Burt); (3) "The Causes of Homelessness"…

Baumohl, Jim, Ed.

146

The Ecology of Homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article proposes an ecological model of homelessness drawn from a broad review of the research and practice literature. The spectrum of biopsychosocial risks associated with pathways into homelessness is reviewed, followed by examination of social and individual consequences resulting from periods of homelessness. The temporal dimensions of homelessness, including “first-time,” “episodic,” and “chronic,” are defined and discussed along with

Roger M. Nooe; David A. Patterson

2010-01-01

147

Office of Student Financial Aid & Scholarships Administration Building, Room 1005  

E-print Network

70148-2050 Telephone: (504) 280-6603 FAX: (504) 280-3973 E-MAIL: FINAID@UNO.EDU Unaccompanied Homeless an unaccompanied homeless youth after July 1, 2008 This means that, after July 1, 2008, ___________________ (Student Name) was living in a homeless situation, as defined by Section 725 of the McKinney-Vento Act

Li, X. Rong

148

Navigating the Intersections of IDEA and McKinney-Vento: A Problem-Solving Process. Best Practices in Homeless Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act is the main federal program concerning the education of children and youth experiencing homelessness. It provides federal funding to states, which then distribute the funds to their school districts through a competitive application process; the funds are used to ensure that children and youth

Julianelle, Patricia

2008-01-01

149

Student Financial Services Division of Enrollment and Access  

E-print Network

YOUTH OR AT RISK OF HOMELESSNESS Student Name (please print) CSUID Section A. On your Free Application on or after July 1, 2013, did your high school or school district homeless liaison determine you were an unaccompanied youth who was homeless or were self-supporting and at risk of being homeless? At any time

Rutledge, Steven

150

20132014 Texas Application for State Financial Aid 1 20132014Texas Application for State Financial Aid (TASFA)  

E-print Network

? Yes No 9. Did your high school or school district homeless liaison determine that you were an unaccompanied youth who was homeless? Yes No 10. Did the director of an emergency shelter program funded was homeless? Yes No 11. Did the director of a runaway or homeless youth basic center or transitional living

O'Toole, Alice J.

151

UNIVERSITY OF ALASKA FAIRBANKS FA PJDPOV FINANCIAL AID OFFICE 13-14  

E-print Network

of residence to be an emancipated minor. You were determined to be a homeless or unaccompanied youth or at risk of becoming homeless on or after July 1, 2012 by a school district homeless liaison, a director Development, or a director of a runaway or homeless youth basic center or transitional living program. If you

Hartman, Chris

152

Print Name UTD Student ID# Financial Statement for  

E-print Network

by a court? Yes No 9. Did your high school or school district homeless liaison determine that you were an unaccompanied youth who was homeless? Yes No 10. Did the director of an emergency shelter program funded was homeless? Yes No 11. Did the director of a runaway or homeless youth basic center or transitional living

O'Toole, Alice J.

153

UNIVERSITY OF ALASKA FAIRBANKS FA PJDPOV FINANCIAL AID OFFICE 14-15  

E-print Network

of residence to be an emancipated minor. You were determined to be a homeless or unaccompanied youth or at risk of becoming homeless on or after July 1, 2013 by a school district homeless liaison, a director Development, or a director of a runaway or homeless youth basic center or transitional living program. If you

Hartman, Chris

154

Substance Abuse and Homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE: To investigate whether substance abuse is a direct factor in the explanation of homelessness or one that operates indirectly through disaffiliation and human capital processes to place individuals at greater risk of the condition.METHODS: Analyses were conducted using data on substance abuse and homeless experiences from a random probability sample of 481 homeless persons and those at risk of

Jonathan B Vangeest; Timothy P Johnson

2002-01-01

155

Educating Transient Youth: Influence of Residential Instability on Educational Resilience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homeless youth face many barriers that limit their ability to complete a high school diploma and transition to postsecondary education. The federal government passed the McKinney-Vento Act over 20 years ago to address issues of access to public education for homeless youth. The most recent reauthorization of the law expanded the definition of…

Hallett, Ronald Edward

2009-01-01

156

A Risk and Resilience Perspective on Unaccompanied Refugee Minors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the United States, unaccompanied refugee minors (URMs) are a diverse and extremely vulnerable group served by social workers about whom there is little research. URMs enter the United States from many lands without parents or kin, often having experienced war and other traumatic events. Using a risk and resilience framework, we summarize the…

Carlson, Bonnie E.; Cacciatore, Joanne; Klimek, Barbara

2012-01-01

157

Factors Related to Educational Resilience among Sudanese Unaccompanied Minors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: Educational resilience is defined as having successful outcomes in school despite the adversities one has faced in life. There is a dearth of research on a particularly high-risk group--unaccompanied refugee minors who are separated from their parents by war and lack the protection and advocacy provided by adult caretakers.…

Rana, Meenal; Qin, Desiree Baolian; Bates, Laura; Luster, Tom; Saltarelli, Andrew

2011-01-01

158

Homeless In America, Homeless In California  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is generally believed that the increased incidence of homelessness in the United States has arisen from broad societal factors, such as changes in the institutionalization of the mentally ill, increases in drug addiction and alcohol usage, and so forth. This paper presents a comprehensive test of the alternate hypothesis that variations in homelessness arise from changed circumstances in the

John M. Quigley; Steven Raphael; Eugene Smolensky

2001-01-01

159

The New Homelessness Revisited  

PubMed Central

The ‘new homelessness’ has drawn sustained attention from scholars over the past three decades. Definitional inconsistencies and data limitations rendered early work during this period largely speculative in nature. Thanks to conceptual, theoretical, and methodological progress, however, the research literature now provides a fuller understanding of homelessness. Contributions by sociologists and other social scientists since the mid-1990s differentiate among types of homelessness, provide credible demographic estimates, and show how being homeless affects a person's life chances and coping strategies. Agreement also exists about the main macro- and micro-level causes of homelessness. Active lines of inquiry examine public, media, and governmental responses to the problem as well as homeless people's efforts to mobilize on their own behalf. Despite the obstacles faced when studying a stigmatized population marked by high turnover and weak anchors to place, recent investigations have significantly influenced homelessness policy. A greater emphasis on prevention should further strengthen the research-policy nexus. PMID:24910495

Lee, Barrett A.; Tyler, Kimberly A.; Wright, James D.

2014-01-01

160

Street Kids--Homeless and Runaway Youth. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Children, Family, Drugs and Alcoholism of the Committee on Labor and Human Resources, United States Senate. One Hundred First Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This hearing was the second in a series examining the impact of homelessness and dislocation on young people in America. This session focused on the problems of homeless and runaway adolescents. Witnesses described the need for multiple services for this population, for effective provision of services, and for greater coordination and planning.…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources.

161

Southeast Asian Refugee Youth: An Annotated Bibliography. Southeast Asian Refugee Studies Occasional Papers. Number Six.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography comprises books and articles on Southeast Asian refugee youth. It is divided into the following cross-referenced sections: (1) Adaptation and Acculturation; (2) Education; (3) Physical and Mental Health; (4) Unaccompanied Minors and Amerasian Youth; (5) Courtship and Marriage; (6) General Topics; (7) Journalism; and (8)…

Hammond, Ruth E., Comp.; Hendricks, Glenn L., Comp.

162

41 CFR 302-4.204 - If my spouse or domestic partner does not accompany me but travels unaccompanied at a different...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...accompany me but travels unaccompanied at a different time, what per diem rate...accompany me but travels unaccompanied at a different time, what per diem rate...accompany you but travels unaccompanied at a different time, he/she...

2011-07-01

163

41 CFR 302-4.204 - If my spouse or domestic partner does not accompany me but travels unaccompanied at a different...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...accompany me but travels unaccompanied at a different time, what per diem rate...accompany me but travels unaccompanied at a different time, what per diem rate...accompany you but travels unaccompanied at a different time, he/she...

2012-07-01

164

41 CFR 302-4.204 - If my spouse or domestic partner does not accompany me but travels unaccompanied at a different...  

...accompany me but travels unaccompanied at a different time, what per diem rate...accompany me but travels unaccompanied at a different time, what per diem rate...accompany you but travels unaccompanied at a different time, he/she...

2014-07-01

165

41 CFR 302-4.204 - If my spouse or domestic partner does not accompany me but travels unaccompanied at a different...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...accompany me but travels unaccompanied at a different time, what per diem rate...accompany me but travels unaccompanied at a different time, what per diem rate...accompany you but travels unaccompanied at a different time, he/she...

2013-07-01

166

Providing care for children and adolescents facing homelessness and housing insecurity.  

PubMed

Child health and housing security are closely intertwined, and children without homes are more likely to suffer from chronic disease, hunger, and malnutrition than are children with homes. Homeless children and youth often have significant psychosocial development issues, and their education is frequently interrupted. Given the overall effects that homelessness can have on a child's health and potential, it is important for pediatricians to recognize the factors that lead to homelessness, understand the ways that homelessness and its causes can lead to poor health outcomes, and when possible, help children and families mitigate some of the effects of homelessness. Through practice change, partnership with community resources, awareness, and advocacy, pediatricians can help optimize the health and well-being of children affected by homelessness. PMID:23713108

2013-06-01

167

20 CFR 672.540 - What program income requirements apply under the YouthBuild program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...YouthBuild program to homeless individuals and families and low-income families is not considered program income. Grantees are encouraged to use that revenue for the long-term sustainability of the YouthBuild...

2013-04-01

168

20 CFR 672.540 - What program income requirements apply under the YouthBuild program?  

...YouthBuild program to homeless individuals and families and low-income families is not considered program income. Grantees are encouraged to use that revenue for the long-term sustainability of the YouthBuild...

2014-04-01

169

20 CFR 672.540 - What program income requirements apply under the YouthBuild program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...YouthBuild program to homeless individuals and families and low-income families is not considered program income. Grantees are encouraged to use that revenue for the long-term sustainability of the YouthBuild...

2012-04-01

170

Transitions to Adulthood for Homeless Adolescents: Education and Public Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education plays a critical role in how adolescents mature into adults. A vulnerable, and often forgotten, sub-population of the poor is homeless youth, for whom lack of a stable or adequate residence creates a unique set of educational barriers. The Center for Higher Education Policy Analysis (CHEPA) spent 18 months documenting the experiences of…

Tierney, William G.; Gupton, Jarrett T.; Hallett, Ronald E.

2008-01-01

171

STUDENT'S COPY DOCUMENTATION REQUIREMENTS  

E-print Network

of legal residence at the time the court's decision was made) Age of Majority HOMELESS: Unaccompanied homeless youth (55­ 57). We shall verify if there is reason to doubt the statement provided by one or homeless youth basic center or transitional living program If the student cannot produce the above

Rosen, Jay

172

Ensuring Full Participation in Extra-Curricular Activities for Students Experiencing Homelessness. Best Practices in Homeless Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Extra-curricular school activities, such as sports, music, theater, debate, and clubs, are often a key to engaging children and youth in school. They can provide students with a sense of belonging, stability, pride, and responsibility and strengthen a student's applications for higher education admission and scholarships. Homelessness, however,…

National Center for Homeless Education at SERVE, 2010

2010-01-01

173

'Anyone can be homeless'.  

PubMed

Being homeless often makes it difficult for people to access the health care they need. Award-winning nurse consultant in substance abuse Louise Poley is bringing services to homeless clients instead of expecting them to fit into a system designed for people with conventional lifestyles. PMID:23540061

Moore, Alison

174

Homeless Families and Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

ublic concern about homelessness in the United States has increased in recent years. A late 1995 Gallup poll found that 86% of Americans feel sympathy for the homeless, and 33% report that they feel more sympathy now than they did five years ago. According to the same poll, one reason for this apparent increase in sympathy is that 17% of

Eugene M. Lewit; Linda Schuurmann Baker; Linda Schuurmann

175

Homeless in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

The way public authorities presently define the homeless in the United States carries forward a complex historical legacy. The causal and moral assessments of the homeless, grounded in the work ethic of our capitalist society, have left behind four interpretations of the homeless as vagrant, deviant, sick or victim. Analysis of recent studies of the homeless, while uncovering the presence

Charles Hoch

1986-01-01

176

The Rights of Homeless Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet presents information concerning homelessness and the education of homeless children nationwide and in Illinois. Estimates of the number of homeless children vary widely. Reasons for homeless children's failure to attend school include school residency requirements, delays in transfer of documents, and lack of transportation. The…

Strong, Penny

177

Homelessness and Hunger*  

PubMed Central

We employ data from the National Survey of Homeless Assistance Providers and Clients to examine the character and correlates of hunger among homeless people. Our analysis, couched in an adaptation framework, finds more support for the differentiation hypothesis than for the leveling hypothesis: Complex patterns of food insecurity exist at the individual level, and they vary with the resources available (e.g., higher monthly income, regular shelter use) and obstacles faced (e.g., alcohol, drug, and physical and mental health problems). The chronically homeless, who suffer from multiple deficits, appear particularly food-insecure, a finding that favors the desperation hypothesis over its street-wisdom alternative. We conclude that hunger is not uniformly experienced by members of the homeless population. Rather, some individuals are better situated than others to cope with the stressful nature of homelessness when addressing their sustenance needs. PMID:18418982

Lee, Barrett A; Greif, Meredith J

2014-01-01

178

Maltreatment and Victimization in Homeless Adolescents: Out of the Frying Pan and into the Fire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homelessness among adolescents is a growing concern, with 1 to 1.5 million youths in any given year spending some period of time in emergency shelters or on the streets. These vulnerable youth have been found to exhibit a host of emotional and behavioral problems including anxiety, depression, post-traumatic reactions, drug and alcohol abuse, and…

Cauce, Ana Mari; Tyler, Kimberly A.; Whitbeck, Les B.

2004-01-01

179

Recognizing the Needs of the Homeless.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper summarizes reports and research on the homeless in the United States, presents findings of a survey of Red Cross chapters on services to the homeless, and describes programs for the homeless of selected Red Cross chapters. Section 1 discusses definitions of homelessness and methodologies used to count homeless people. The homeless are…

France, Joseph B.

180

Homeless Health Concerns  

MedlinePLUS

... why the health of homeless people in the United States is worse than that of the general population. Common health problems include Mental health problems Substance abuse problems Bronchitis and pneumonia ...

181

People Experiencing Chronic Homelessness  

MedlinePLUS

... a Community Strategic Plan Steps 1-3: Organizing Leadership Developing a Community Strategic Plan Steps 4-7: ... for Coordinated Assessment Wichita Police Department: Making a Difference for People Experiencing Homelessness Houston Partners Dedicated to ...

182

National Coalition for Homeless Veterans  

MedlinePLUS

... President’s FY 2016 Proposed Budget Jeopardizes Services for Homeless and At-Risk Veterans Feb. 4, 2015 On ... of the federal government, including those that serve homeless and at-risk... continue VA Announces Availability of ...

183

Confirming Eligibility for McKinney-Vento Services: Do's and Don'ts for Local Liaisons. Best Practices in Homeless Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Under the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act, schools must identify children and youth in homeless situations and provide appropriate services. One such service is immediate enrollment in school, even when students lack paperwork normally required for enrollment, such as school records, proof of guardianship, a birth certificate, immunization…

National Center for Homeless Education at SERVE, 2007

2007-01-01

184

Confirming Eligibility for McKinney-Vento Services: Do's and Don'ts for School Districts. Best Practices in Homeless Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Under the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act, schools must identify children and youth in homeless situations and provide appropriate services. One such service is immediate enrollment in school, even when students lack paperwork normally required for enrollment, such as school records, proof of guardianship, a birth certificate, immunization…

National Center for Homeless Education at SERVE, 2007

2007-01-01

185

Homelessness Experiences, Sexual Orientation, and Sexual Risk Taking among High School Students in Los Angeles  

PubMed Central

Purpose Prior studies reported homeless adolescents engage in more sexual risk than their housed peers. However, these comparisons are typically made post hoc by comparing homeless adolescent community-based samples with high school probability samples. This study utilizes a random sample of high school students to examine homelessness experiences and sexual risk behaviors. Methods A supplemental survey to the Youth Risk Behavior Survey containing questions regarding homelessness and sexual health was administered to Los Angeles high school students (N=1,839). Multivariate logistic regressions assessed the associations between demographics, past year homelessness experiences (i.e., place of nighttime residence), and being sexually active and condom use at last intercourse. Results Homelessness experiences consisted of staying in a shelter (10.4%), a public place (10.1%), and with a stranger (5.6%). Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, questioning (LGBTQ), younger, and male adolescents were more likely to experience homelessness. LGBTQ adolescents were also more likely to report staying with a stranger and less likely to report staying in a shelter. Compared to adolescents who stayed in shelters, adolescents who stayed with strangers and in public places were more likely to engage in unprotected sex at last intercourse. Conclusions Adolescents who report sexual activity and sexual risk taking are more likely to report homelessness experiences. With regard to sexual health, staying with strangers could be a particularly risky form of homelessness; LGBTQ and Black adolescents are more likely to experience this form of homelessness. Efforts to reduce homelessness and sexual risk-taking need to recognize the specific vulnerabilities faced by these populations. PMID:23360897

Rice, Eric; Barman-Adhikari, Anamika; Rhoades, Harmony; Winetrobe, Hailey; Fulginiti, Anthony; Astor, Roee; Montoya, Jorge; Plant, Aaron; Kordic, Timothy

2013-01-01

186

SECTION A. Student information Name (last, first, middle initial) University ID  

E-print Network

, 2013 did you receive determination that your were an unaccompanied youth who was homeless or self-supporting and at risk of being homeless? ................................................................... yes is homeless, please contact One Stop Student Services and request an appointment with the Independent Status

Amin, S. Massoud

187

Federal and State Financial Aid Dependency Status  

E-print Network

copy of court documentation. 9. _____ I am/was an unaccompanied homeless youth at any time on or after July 1, 2014 as determined by my high school or school district homeless liaison, or by the director supporting documentation confirming your status. 10. ____ I am self-supporting and at risk of being homeless

Spence, Harlan Ernest

188

SECTION A. Student information Name (last, first, middle initial) University ID  

E-print Network

, 2012 did you receive determination that your were an unaccompanied youth who was homeless or self-supporting and at risk of being homeless? ................................................................... yes is homeless, please contact One Stop Student Services and request an appointment with the Independent Status

Amin, S. Massoud

189

Office of Student Financial Aid 4400 University Drive, MS 3B5, Fairfax, Virginia 22030  

E-print Network

received a determination from your high school or school district homeless liaison that you were an unaccompanied youth who was homeless. Copy of the determination documentation from the high school or school district homeless liaison confirming this status. Atany time onor afterJuly1, 2013,youreceiveda

Lien, Jyh-Ming

190

SECTION A. Student information Name (last, first, middle initial) University ID  

E-print Network

, 2011, did you receive determination that you were an unaccompanied youth who was homeless or self-supporting and at risk of being homeless? ................................................................... yes is homeless, please contact One Stop Student Services and request an appointment with the Independent Status

Blanchette, Robert A.

191

Jobs, Welfare and Homelessness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides objective information about the relationship of poverty, welfare, and homelessness to California's regional economy and about the design of programs that help people in poverty build working lives. California does not have enough jobs for its workforce, and welfare caseloads are consequently determined by the economy. The…

Einbinder, Susan; And Others

192

Counting the Homeless.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These seven articles focus on Shelter and Street Night, a recent Census Bureau effort to include components of the nation's homeless population in the 1990 census count. The success of investigators in Chicago (Illinois), New York City, Los Angeles (California), Phoenix (Arizona), and New Orleans (Louisiana) is analyzed. (SLD)

Wright, James D., Ed.

1992-01-01

193

77 FR 20849 - Homeless Veterans' Reintegration Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Homeless Veterans' Reintegration Program AGENCY: Veterans' Employment...reauthorizes the Homeless Veterans Reintegration Program (HVRP) through fiscal year...and skills training) to expedite the reintegration of homeless veterans into the...

2012-04-06

194

Internet Use, Social Networking, and Homeless Adolescents' HIV/AIDS Risk  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine the association between sexual health and internet use, including social networking websites such as MySpace and Facebook, among a sample of homeless adolescents at high risk for contracting HIV/AIDS. Methods 201 homeless adolescents were surveyed in 2009 about their internet use. Multivariate logistic regression models assessed how patterns of use were associated with engaging in exchange sex (sex for money, drugs, housing), recent HIV testing, and online partner-seeking behaviors. Results 96.5% reported internet use. Most youth accessed the internet at public libraries or youth service agencies. Increased time online and recent engagement in exchange sex were both positively associated with online partner-seeking. Youth connected to family members online were less likely to practice exchange sex and more likely to report a recent HIV test. Youth connected to street-based peers online were more likely to practice exchange sex, while youth connected to home-based peers online were more likely to report a recent HIV test. Conclusions Although these data are preliminary, homeless youth need more access to the internet, as access facilitates connecting with family and home-based peers whose presence may reduce sexual risk-taking. Access, however, must be carefully monitored to prevent youth soliciting sex online. PMID:21094441

Rice, Eric; Monro, William; Adhikari, Anamika Barman; Young, Sean D.

2010-01-01

195

A risk and resilience perspective on unaccompanied refugee minors.  

PubMed

In the United States, unaccompanied refugee minors (URMs) are a diverse and extremely vulnerable group served by social workers about whom there is little research. URMs enter the United States from many lands without parents or kin, often having experienced war and other traumatic events. Using a risk and resilience framework, we summarize the research on URMs, illustrating the challenges and issues with a case study of a resilient Lost Boy from Sudan who became a social worker. We discuss strengths, coping strategies, and resilience, exploring the ways in which many URMs are able to effectively meet the challenge of adapting to a new country and culture, thriving despite the extreme adversity they have experienced, as well as sources of resilience within URMs that have allowed them to adapt and even thrive in a vastly different cultural environment despite exposure to multiple risks. These sources of resilience include positive outlook, use of healthy coping mechanisms and religiosity, and connectedness to prosocial organizations. We conclude with recommendations for social work research to better understand the nature of risk and resilience among URMs. PMID:23252317

Carlson, Bonnie E; Cacciatore, Joanne; Klimek, Barbara

2012-07-01

196

Health care of homeless veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is important to understand the needs of those veterans who are homeless. We describe characteristics of homeless male veterans\\u000a and factors associated with needing VA benefits from a two-city, community survey of 531 homeless adults. Overall, 425 were\\u000a male, of whom 127 were veterans (29.9%). Significantly more veterans had a chronic medical condition and two or more mental\\u000a health

Thomas P. O’Toole; Alicia Conde-Martel; Jeanette L. Gibbon; Barbara H. Hanusa; Michael J. Fine

2003-01-01

197

Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy in youth with severe mood dysregulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasing numbers of youth are presenting for psychiatric evaluation with markedly irritable mood plus “hyperarousal” symptoms. Diagnostically homeless in current nosology, the syndrome (as well as its underlying neurobiology) is little understood. To address this problem, we conducted an exploratory proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) study in a large sample of youth with chronic, functionally disabling irritability accompanied by hyperarousal,

Daniel P. Dickstein; Jan Willem van der Veen; Lisa Knopf; Kenneth E. Towbin; Daniel S. Pine; Ellen Leibenluft

2008-01-01

198

Pastoral care and counseling with the "un-homeless homeless": understanding cultures of homelessness.  

PubMed

This article presents a subset of findings from a larger study exploring the lived experiences of 16 former residents of a 90-day emergency family shelter program in Los Angeles County. Interpretative phenomenological analysis serves as a qualitative method for understanding the cultural uniqueness of the "un-homeless homeless." The findings offer implications for culturally competent pastoral care and counseling in the context of family homelessness and attend to both the process and content of caregiving. PMID:25241491

Snodgrass, Jill

2014-01-01

199

On the Road: Examining Self-Representation and Discourses of Homelessness in Young Adult Texts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors analyze representations of social issues within contemporary memoirs written for and marketed to a young adult audience and multimodal zines produced by homeless youth. To read across these distinctly different texts (mass marketed and do-it-yourself cultural productions) and genres (memoir and zines), the authors…

Rogers, Theresa; Marshall, Elizabeth

2012-01-01

200

Preventing Family and Educational Disconnection through Wilderness-Based Therapy Targeting Youth at Risk  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to address the issue of youth homelessness in Australia, Regional Extended Family Services (REFS) have developed a wilderness-based therapeutic intervention. REFS aim to provide early intervention services for young people at risk of homelessness, and their families. This study examined the outcomes of the REFS wilderness program by…

Ronalds, Lisa; Allen-Craig, Sandy

2008-01-01

201

41 CFR 302-4.204 - If my spouse does not accompany me but travels unaccompanied at a different time, what per diem...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...accompany me but travels unaccompanied at a different time, what per diem rate...accompany me but travels unaccompanied at a different time, what per diem rate...accompany you but travels unaccompanied at a different time, he/she will...

2010-07-01

202

The Homeless in Contemporary Society.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book consists of 15 chapters on understanding and helping the homeless. The first seven chapters present the "new" homeless in historical context and describe this population and its situation. The remaining eight chapters discuss policy and program options of the government and other organizations in attempting to alleviate the problems of…

Bingham, Richard D.; And Others

203

Public Policy and the Homeless.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes regional and federal responses to the homelessness crisis, including the author-sponsored White House Conference on Homelessness Act. Supports legislative measures to accomplish the following goals: (1) increased low-income housing; (2) treatment of mentally ill and alcohol- and drug-dependent individuals; and (3) new approaches to…

Gore, Albert, Jr.

1990-01-01

204

Can Better National Policy End Family Homelessness?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An understanding of the close link between federal policy and family homelessness is critical for ensuring that one day no child in the United States is homeless. This article discusses the nature of family homelessness, the national policy framework that exists to help vulnerable families, the homeless assistance system that federal policy has…

Roman, Nan

2010-01-01

205

An Investigation of School Counselors' Efforts to Serve Students Who Are Homeless: The Role of Perceived Knowledge, Preparation, Advocacy Role, and Self-Efficacy to Their Involvement in Recommended Interventions and Partnership Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the array of challenges faced by children and youth who are homeless, approaches to support their needs must be systemic and involve partnerships with all key stakeholders. This study examined school counselors' involvement in partnership practices and interventions to meet the needs of students who are homeless. Further, this study…

Gaenzle, Stacey Anita

2012-01-01

206

Unaccompanied foreign minors and delinquency: A retrospective study of influence of psychosocial va riables 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the study is, first, to describe the phenomenon of unaccompanied foreign minors in Spain, Italy, France and Germany. Some important elements -such as incidence, origin and relation to criminality - are thoroughly described. As a result, it is possible to begin to understand the psychosoc ial, legal and penal problems related to the phenomenon in the European

Estefanía Ocáriz; Fernando Bermejo

207

School-based service delivery for homeless students: Relevant laws and overcoming access barriers.  

PubMed

Schools in the United States are facing a record number of homeless students. These students are highly at-risk for experiencing negative life outcomes, and they face considerable academic and social-emotional functional impairments. To help address the complex needs of homeless students, this article reviews the intersection of laws and practices that impact homeless students, as well as contemporary school-based service delivery efforts to support the academic and social-emotional needs of these students. In addition, this article also reviews several barriers to school-based service delivery for homeless students and ways to overcome these barriers. These barriers include confusion regarding consent and record-sharing procedures, ineffectively utilizing homeless liaisons, and misapplying tenants of Multitiered Systems of Support (MTSS), which is a school-based service-delivery framework that has been adopted by and implemented in many U.S. schools. Ultimately, this article aims to provide members of school communities with practical information that they can use to support the homeless youth they encounter and serve. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25545437

Sulkowski, Michael L; Joyce-Beaulieu, Diana K

2014-11-01

208

Murine typhus in the homeless  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homeless populations are particularly exposed to many vector-borne diseases because of their poor living conditions. We tested sera from 299 homeless people recruited in 2010 and 2011 in Marseilles, France for antibodies to Rickettsia typhi by microimmunofluorescence using a titer of 1:25 as a cut-off titer, and we confirmed the results by Western blot and cross-adsorption studies. Sixty-three persons (22%)

Sékéné Badiaga; Samir Benkouiten; Hind Hajji; Didier Raoult; Philippe Brouqui

209

Homeless Female-Headed Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homeless female-headed families are affected by national and local policies which impact adversely on the parent-child relationship. The first section of this article examines the ways in which national and state family welfare laws affect the parenting capacities of the single mother. Our legal system?s response to do- mestic violence, the precipitating factor for roughly one-half of homeless women seeking

Marcia R. Steinbock

1994-01-01

210

The Spatial Origins of the Homeless: How the Homeless Vary in Their Geographic Distribution  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been no such study to date to investigate the residential origin of the varying categories of homeless. This study investigates the spatial distribution of residential origins of the varying categories of homeless and the factors that contribute to the vulnerability of individuals to become homeless. The study categorizes homeless people based on gender, family status, the occurrence of

Deden Rukmana

2006-01-01

211

Homeless and Freezing HowYou Can Help the Homeless Community this Winter  

E-print Network

Homeless and Freezing HowYou Can Help the Homeless Community this Winter Each winter't phase us. For someone who is homeless and sleeps on the streets or in an abandoned building, those dips in temperatures can mean the difference ­ literally ­ between life and death. About 10 years ago, a homeless

Subramanian, Venkat

212

Homelessness: A Data-Driven Learning Guide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a learning guide that uses data to investigate the characteristics of the Washington DC, metropolitan area homeless population, and the relationship between homelessness and several measures of health.

ICPSR

213

Modeling minority stress effects on homelessness and health disparities among young men who have sex with men.  

PubMed

Sexual minority youth are more likely to experience homelessness, and homeless sexual minority youth report greater risk for mental health and substance abuse symptoms than homeless heterosexual youth, yet few studies have assessed determinants that help explain the disparities. Minority stress theory proposes that physical and mental health disparities among sexual minority populations may be explained by the stress produced by living in heterosexist social environments characterized by stigma and discrimination directed toward sexual minority persons. We used data from a sample of 200 young men who have sex with men (YMSM) (38 % African American, 26.5 % Latino/Hispanic, 23.5 % White, 12 % multiracial/other) to develop an exploratory path model measuring the effects of experience and internalization of sexual orientation stigma on depression and substance use via being kicked out of home due to sexual orientation and current homelessness. Direct significant paths were found from experience of sexual orientation-related stigma to internalization of sexual orientation-related stigma, having been kicked out of one's home, experiencing homelessness during the past year, and major depressive symptoms during the past week. Having been kicked out of one's home had a direct significant effect on experiencing homelessness during the past 12 months and on daily marijuana use. Internalization of sexual orientation-related stigma and experiencing homelessness during the past 12 months partially mediated the direct effect of experience of sexual orientation-related stigma on major depressive symptoms. Our empirical testing of the effects of minority stress on health of YMSM advances minority stress theory as a framework for investigating health disparities among this population. PMID:24807702

Bruce, Douglas; Stall, Ron; Fata, Aimee; Campbell, Richard T

2014-06-01

214

IDEAReauthorized Statute PROCEDURAL SAFEGUARDS  

E-print Network

of Section 615(b)(2). [615(b)(2)(A)(i)] In the case of an unaccompanied homeless youth as defined in Section 725(6) of the McKinney- Vento Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 11434a(6)), the local education

215

Risk Factors for Homelessness among Women Veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

:Background. Women veterans are three to four times more likely than non-veteran women to become homeless. However, their risk factors for homelessness have not been defined. Methods. Case-control study of non-institutionalized homeless women veterans (n533) and age-matched housed women veterans (n=165). Health, health care, and factors associated with homelessness were assessed using multiple logistic regression with a Monte Carlo algorithm

Donna L. Washington; Elizabeth M. Yano; James McGuire; Vivian Hines; Martin Lee; Lillian Gelberg

2010-01-01

216

Risk Factors for Homelessness among Women Veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Women veterans are three to four times more likely than non-veteran women to become homeless. However, their risk factors for homelessness have not been defined. Methods. Case-control study of non-institutionalized homeless women veterans (n533) and age-matched housed women veterans (n=165). Health, health care, and factors associated with homelessness were assessed using multiple logistic regression with a Monte Carlo algorithm

MPH Elizabeth M. Yano MSPH Donna L. Washington; MSPH Lillian Gelberg

2010-01-01

217

When Working Together Works: Academic Success for Students in Out-of-Home Care. Best Practices in Homeless Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Center for Homeless Education and the Legal Center for Foster Care and Education present this brief to help educators and child welfare advocates work together to support the academic success of children and youth in out-of-home care. The brief offers practical, proven strategies for implementing two federal laws collaboratively: The…

National Center for Homeless Education at SERVE, 2010

2010-01-01

218

Homelessness and Its Effects on Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homelessness influences every facet of children's lives, inhibiting their physical, emotional, cognitive, social, and behavioral development. Homeless women face such obstacles to healthy pregnancies as chemical abuse, chronic health problems, and lack of prenatal care. Homeless infants are more likely to have low birth weights and are at greater…

Hart-Shegos, Ellen

219

Pushed Out: America's Homeless. Thanksgiving 1987.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By winter 1987, up to three million men, women, and children will be homeless; the number of homeless persons will continue to increase at a rate of 25 percent. This report surveys the changes in the homeless population in the following 23 cities over the past year: Albuquerque (New Mexico), Atlanta (Georgia), Boston (Massachusetts), Chicago…

National Coalition for the Homeless, Washington, DC.

220

Michigan's Campaign to End Homelessness  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Michigan State Homeless Management Information System (MSHMIS) is a single database platform that provides an unduplicated count of homeless persons living in each region of Michigan. The system also measures patterns of service use and the effectiveness of the services delivered, providing the ability to assess progress across programs and regions. It was developed to improve consistency of reporting among Michigan’s Continuum of Care (CoC) network and includes information from all the service organizations in each region, a total of 524 organizations statewide.

Homelessness, Michiganâs C.

221

Onset of Conduct Disorder, Use of Delinquent Subsistence Strategies, and Street Victimization among Homeless and Runaway Adolescents in the Midwest  

PubMed Central

This study examines the effects of childhood-onset conduct disorder on later antisocial behavior and street victimization among a group of homeless and runaway adolescents. Four hundred twenty-eight homeless and runaway youth were interviewed directly on the streets and in shelters from four Midwestern states. Key findings include the following. First, compared with those who exhibit adolescent-onset conduct disorder, youth with childhood onset are more likely to engage in a series of antisocial behaviors such as use of sexual and nonsexual survival strategies. Second, youth with childhood-onset conduct disorder are more likely to experience violent victimization; this association, however, is mostly through an intervening process such as engagement in deviant survival strategies. PMID:17704461

Chen, Xiaojin; Thrane, Lisa; Whitbeck, Les B.; Johnson, Kurt D.; Hoyt, Dan R.

2008-01-01

222

Elderly Homeless Veterans in Los Angeles: Chronicity and Precipitants of Homelessness  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We compared the characteristics of chronically homeless and acutely homeless elderly veterans to better understand precipitants of homelessness. Methods. We conducted interviews with 33 chronically and 26 acutely homeless veterans aged 65 years and older receiving transitional housing services in Los Angeles, California, between 2003 and 2005. We asked questions regarding their sociodemographic characteristics and other social status measures. Other precipitants of homelessness were acquired via observation and open-ended and structured questions. Results. Both veterans groups were more similar than different, with substantial levels of physical, psychiatric, and social impairment. They differed significantly in homelessness history, with chronically homeless veterans having more homelessness episodes and more total time homeless. They were also less educated and had smaller social networks. In response to open-ended questioning, elderly homeless veterans revealed how health and substance use issues interacted with loss of social support and eviction to exacerbate homelessness. Conclusions. Assessment of a range of factors is needed to address risk factors and events leading to homelessness. Further research with larger samples is needed to confirm the characteristics and needs of the elderly homeless veteran population. PMID:24148059

van den Berk-Clark, Carissa; McGuire, James

2013-01-01

223

A TYPOLOGY OF DRUG-RELATED OFFENDING AMONG YOUNG HOMELESS INJECTION DRUG USERS  

PubMed Central

Research indicates a link between drug use and offending, particularly amongst high-risk individuals, such as homeless youth. The extent to which such youth interpret their offending as being related to their drug use, though, is understudied. This manuscript investigates the interpretations of drug-related offenses offered by 151 primarily white, male, homeless IDUs aged 16–29 years. Youth were asked specific questions about their drug-related offenses during in-depth interviews as part of a larger study investigating health risks surrounding drug injection between 2004 and 2006. The first section of the manuscript outlines offenses youth revealed committing either in pursuit of or after using a variety of substances. The second part of the manuscript examines the overall context (motivation, environment), and provides a seven-tiered typology of drug-related offending based on youth's interpretations, linking certain drugs to specific offenses within particular contexts. From here, some theoretical and practical implications of the findings are discussed. PMID:21423855

Sanders, Bill; Lankenau, Stephen E.; Jackson Bloom, Jennifer; Hathaz, Dodi S.

2011-01-01

224

Developing Programs for Homeless Veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between 1992 and 2003, services for homeless veterans at the Veterans Affairs Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System went from inappropriate utilization of hospital medical and psychiatric beds, to a continuum of residential treatment, transitional housing, and employment programs through arrangements with private agencies. The authors use elements of Hasenfeld and Brock's Political Economy Model (1991) to explain this transformation in

John Nakashima; Jim McGuire; Stephen Berman; William Daniels

2005-01-01

225

Macroeconomic Causes of Family Homelessness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The welfare of American families improved steadily for over 20 years after World War II. After the War on Poverty of the 1960s, the number of people living in poverty fell, reaching its lowest point in 1973. During the 1980s, homeless families, including those living in the streets, in cars, and in shelters seemingly appeared out of nowhere. As…

McChesney, Kay Young

226

Homelessness and drug abuse among young men who have sex with men in New York city: a preliminary epidemiological trajectory.  

PubMed

The objective of this paper is to profile the role of homelessness in drug and sexual risk in a population of young men who have sex with men (YMSM). Data are from a cross-sectional survey collected between 2000 and 2001 in New York City (N = 569). With the goal of examining the import of homelessness in increased risk for the onset of drug and sexual risk, we compare and contrast three subgroups: (1) YMSM with no history of homelessness, (2) YMSM with a past history of homelessness but who were not homeless at the time of the interview, and (3) YMSM who were currently homeless. For each group, we describe the prevalence of a broad range of stressful life events (including foster care and runaway episodes, involvement in the criminal justice system, etc.), as well as selected mental health problems (including past suicide attempts, current depression, and selected help-seeking variables). Additionally, we examine the prevalence of selected drug and sexual risk, including exposure to a broad range of illegal substances, current use of illegal drugs, and prevalence of lifetime exposure to sex work. Finally, we use an event history analysis approach (time-event displays and paired t-test analysis) to examine the timing of negative life experiences and homelessness relative to the onset of drug and sexual risk. High levels of background negative life experiences and manifest mental health distress are seen in all three groups. Both a prior experience of homelessness and currently being homeless are both strongly associated with both higher levels of lifetime exposure to drug and sexual risk as well as higher levels of current drug and sexual risk. Onset of these risks occur earlier in both groups that have had an experience of housing instability (e.g., runaway, foster care, etc.) but are delayed or not present among YMSM with no history of housing instability. Few YMSM had used drug prior to becoming homeless. While causal inferences are subject to the limitations of a cross-sectional design, the findings pose an empirical challenge to the prevailing assumption that prior drug use is a dominant causal factor in YMSM becoming homeless. More broadly, the data illustrate the complexity of factors that must be accounted for, both in advancing our epidemiological understanding of the complexity of homelessness and its relationship to the onset of drug and sexual risk among high risk youth populations. PMID:15878043

Clatts, Michael C; Goldsamt, Lloyd; Yi, Huso; Gwadz, Marya Viorst

2005-04-01

227

76 FR 33788 - Homeless Veterans' Reintegration Into Employment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Training Service Homeless Veterans' Reintegration Into Employment AGENCY: Veterans...reauthorizes the Homeless Veterans Reintegration Program through fiscal year (FY...and skills training) to expedite the reintegration of homeless veterans into the...

2011-06-09

228

Unmet need among homeless and non-homeless patients served at health care for the homeless programs.  

PubMed

This study compared the level of unmet need for medical, dental, mental health (MH), and substance use disorder (SUD) treatment between homeless and non-homeless patients served at Health Care for the Homeless programs. Using the 2009 Health Center Patient Survey, logistic regression models were used to assess the relationship between homelessness and unmet need for care. Descriptive statistics were then used to examine reasons for unmet need. Homeless patients were just as likely as non-homeless patients to have medical and dental treatment needs met. However, they were significantly more likely to report an unmet need for MH counseling and less likely to report an unmet need for SUD treatment. The primary reasons underlying unmet need were an inability to afford care and a lack of knowledge about where to obtain it. Results highlight the benefits of allotting additional funding to HCH programs so that they have the capacity to expand their overall scope of services. PMID:25418259

Zur, Julia; Jones, Emily

2014-11-01

229

Youth Participation in Youth Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Frequently, adults organize and implement youth projects without involving youth in the process. However, youth should be involved in problem identification and program design because they understand the needs of their peers and how to reach them effectively. This paper examines youth participation as a process for bringing about effective youth

Kothari, Roshani

230

75 FR 22164 - Urban Non-Urban Homeless Female Veterans and Homeless Veterans With Families' Reintegration Into...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Homeless Female Veterans and Homeless Veterans With Families' Reintegration Into Employment AGENCY: Veterans' Employment and Training...literacy training, and skills training) to expedite the reintegration of homeless Veterans into the labor force. Veterans...

2010-04-27

231

Universal screening for homelessness and risk for homelessness in the Veterans Health Administration.  

PubMed

We examined data for all veterans who completed the Veterans Health Administration's national homelessness screening instrument between October 1, 2012, and January 10, 2013. Among veterans who were not engaged with the US Department of Veterans Affairs homeless system and presented for primary care services, the prevalence of recent housing instability or homelessness was 0.9% and homelessness risk was 1.2%. Future research will refine outreach strategies, targeting of prevention resources, and development of novel interventions. PMID:24148032

Montgomery, Ann Elizabeth; Fargo, Jamison D; Byrne, Thomas H; Kane, Vincent R; Culhane, Dennis P

2013-12-01

232

Universal Screening for Homelessness and Risk for Homelessness in the Veterans Health Administration  

PubMed Central

We examined data for all veterans who completed the Veterans Health Administration’s national homelessness screening instrument between October 1, 2012, and January 10, 2013. Among veterans who were not engaged with the US Department of Veterans Affairs homeless system and presented for primary care services, the prevalence of recent housing instability or homelessness was 0.9% and homelessness risk was 1.2%. Future research will refine outreach strategies, targeting of prevention resources, and development of novel interventions. PMID:24148032

Fargo, Jamison D.; Byrne, Thomas H.; Kane, Vincent R.; Culhane, Dennis P.

2013-01-01

233

Homelessness and Trauma Go Hand-in-Hand”: Pathways to Homelessness among Women Veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundVeterans comprise a disproportionate fraction of the nation’s homeless population, with women veterans up to four times more likely to be homeless than non-veteran women. This paper provides a grounded description of women veterans’ pathways into homelessness.

Alison B. Hamilton; Ines Poza; Donna L. Washington

2011-01-01

234

Head Injury and Mortality in the Homeless.  

PubMed

Abstract Risk factors for head injury are also risk factors for becoming homeless but there is little research on this vulnerable group, who can be neglected by health services that specialize in acquired brain injury. This study investigates the prevalence of admissions to hospital with a head injury in the homeless and associations with later mortality. It compares homeless people with and without a record of hospitalized head injury (HHI) and the Glasgow population. Data were obtained from a U.K. National Health Service strategy to enhance care of the homeless. This included development and production of local registers of homeless people. In Glasgow, the initiative took place over a seven-year period (2004-2010) and comprised 40 general practitioner (family practice) services in the locality of 55 homeless hostels. The register was linked to hospital admissions with head injury recorded in Scottish Medical Records and to the General Register of Scotland, which records deaths. A total of 1590 homeless people was registered in general practitioner (family doctor) returns. The prevalence of admission to hospital with head injury in the homeless over a 30-year period (13.5%) was 5.4 times higher than in the Glasgow population. In the homeless with HHI, 33.6% died in the seven-year census period, compared with 13.9% in the homeless with no hospitalized HI (NHHI). The standardized mortality ratio for HHI (4.51) was more than twice that for NHHI (2.08). The standardized mortality ratio for HHI aged 15-34 (17.54) was particularly high. These findings suggest that HHI is common in the homeless relative to the general population and is a risk factor for late mortality in the homeless population. PMID:25010750

McMillan, Thomas M; Laurie, Marie; Oddy, Michael; Menzies, Mark; Stewart, Elaine; Wainman-Lefley, Jessica

2014-10-01

235

Risk Factors for Homelessness Among US Veterans.  

PubMed

Homelessness among US veterans has been a focus of research for over 3 decades. Following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, this is the first systematic review to summarize research on risk factors for homelessness among US veterans and to evaluate the evidence for these risk factors. Thirty-one studies published from 1987 to 2014 were divided into 3 categories: more rigorous studies, less rigorous studies, and studies comparing homeless veterans with homeless nonveterans. The strongest and most consistent risk factors were substance use disorders and mental illness, followed by low income and other income-related factors. There was some evidence that social isolation, adverse childhood experiences, and past incarceration were also important risk factors. Veterans, especially those who served since the advent of the all-volunteer force, were at greater risk for homelessness than other adults. Homeless veterans were generally older, better educated, and more likely to be male, married/have been married, and to have health insurance coverage than other homeless adults. More studies simultaneously addressing premilitary, military, and postmilitary risk factors for veteran homelessness are needed. This review identifies substance use disorders, mental illness, and low income as targets for policies and programs in efforts to end homelessness among veterans. PMID:25595171

Tsai, Jack; Rosenheck, Robert A

2015-01-01

236

Smoking cessation among sheltered homeless: a pilot  

PubMed Central

Objective To test the feasibility and effect of a smoking cessation intervention among sheltered homeless. Methods Homeless smokers were enrolled in a 12-week group counseling program plus pharmacotherapy (n=58). Results The mean number of sessions attended was 7.2, most participants used at least one type of medication (67%) and 75% completed 12-week end of treatment surveys. Carbon monoxide verified abstinence rates at 12 and 24 weeks were 15.5% and 13.6% respectively. Conclusion Results support the feasibility of enrolling and retaining sheltered homeless in a smoking cessation program. Counseling plus pharmacotherapy options may be effective in helping sheltered homeless smokers quit. PMID:20524884

Shelley, Donna; Cantrell, Jennifer; Warn, Doug; Wong, Selena

2010-01-01

237

Stressful life experiences and mental health problems among unaccompanied asylum-seeking children.  

PubMed

Unaccompanied asylum-seeking children aged 10-16 years (N = 93, M = 13.8, SD = 1.4, 81% boys) were assessed 6 months after arrival in Norway (SD = 5 months). Participants originated from 14 countries (63% Asia; 36% Africa). Severe life events (SLE) and psychological symptoms were measured by self-report. Participants reported a mean of 5.5 SLE (SD = 2.4), the most prevalent being death of a close person (68%), witnessing violence (63%), and war (62%). Some 54% scored above clinical cutoff on posttraumatic stress symptoms, 30% on anxiety symptoms, 20% on depressive symptoms, and 7% on externalizing symptoms. Number of SLE was associated with posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms (r =.50, p < .001), depression (r =.27, p = .020), and anxiety symptoms(r =. 34, p = .003), but not externalizing symptoms (r =.02, p = .874). None of the symptom variables were associated with age or gender. Results indicate that many unaccompanied asylum-seeking children have experienced not only war-related traumas but several other severe life adversities as well. It may thus be helpful to conduct early assessments on this group of children to assess their need for treatment or other psychosocial interventions. PMID:23982990

Jensen, Tine K; Fjermestad, Krister W; Granly, Lene; Wilhelmsen, Nicolai H

2015-01-01

238

Medically Uninsured and the Homeless  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a \\u000a Alice Crowley is a 34 year old who lives out of her car. She lost her house 2 years ago when her boyfriend left her and she\\u000a could no longer afford their apartment. She lives by herself; her 4 year old daughter child was taken by Child Protective\\u000a Services. She gets an occasional meal at one of the homeless centers,

Jennifer Vanderleest

239

Late-Onset PTSD in Unaccompanied Refugee Minors: Exploring the Predictive Utility of Depression and Anxiety Symptoms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following resettlement in Western countries, unaccompanied refugee minors (URM) are at risk of developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It is unclear to what extent PTSD in this group may become manifest at later stages following resettlement and which factors are associated with late onset. We examined data from URM collected 1 (T1) and 2…

Smid, Geert E.; Lensvelt-Mulders, Gerty J. L. M.; Knipscheer, Jeroen W.; Gersons, Berthold P. R.; Kleber, Rolf J.

2011-01-01

240

Adult Education for the Homeless. Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Testing of skills in reading, mathematics, and English as a second language (ESL) was conducted at 12 programs for homeless people in California in 1992; 2,111 homeless persons were evaluated. Analysis of the data revealed that approximately 63 percent of the participants were male and 37 percent were female; 35 percent were between 20-29, 39…

Comprehensive Adult Student Assessment System, San Diego, CA.

241

Housing Outcomes for Hospitalized Homeless Veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines housing status at the time of hospital discharge in a national sample of 3,502 veterans who were homeless at admission to a Veterans Health Adminis- tration (VHA) medical center. A supplemental survey on homelessness was added to the annual VHA inpatient census over a 4-year period (1995 through 1998). Data from this survey were used to identify

Greg A. Greenberg; Jennifer Hoblyn; Catherine Seibyl; Robert A. Rosenheck

2006-01-01

242

Homeless Children: The Watchers and the Waiters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book takes an interdisciplinary approach in discussing the issue of homeless children and the resolution of the problem. An introduction by Nancy A. Boxill presents background on the nature of the problem and summarizes the subsequent papers. "Home and Homelessness in the Lives of Children" by Leanne G. Rivlin analyzes the impact on children…

Boxill, Nancy A., Ed.

243

The New Poverty: Homeless Families in America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book discusses homeless families in the United States and advocates the efforts of residential educational and employment training centers--American Family Inns--which provide comprehensive services education, job training, and parenting and life skills to address the poverty-related conditions that contribute to homelessness. Chapters of the…

Nunez, Ralph da Costa

244

Preliminary Findings on Rural Homelessness in Ohio.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is designed to present preliminary findings from the first comprehensive study of rural homelessness in the United States. The study was conducted during the first 6 months of 1990, and data were collected from interviews with 921 homeless adults in 21 randomly selected rural counties in Ohio. The sample counties represent 26% of the…

First, Richard J.; And Others

245

The Disadvantage of Homelessness in Children's Schooling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents findings of a study that investigated the extent to which homeless children in the United States receive the "free and appropriate education" to which they are entitled. Data were collected through several surveys conducted in two San Francisco Bay Area counties: (1) surveys of parents in homeless shelters with 313 school-age…

Shaver, Debra M.; Dornbusch, Sanford M.

246

Barriers to Psychosocial Services Among Homeless Women Veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Veterans make up a disproportionate fraction of the nation's homeless population, with women veterans up to 4 times more likely to be homeless than nonveteran women. This article provides a grounded description of barriers to psychosocial services among homeless women veterans. Three focus groups were held in Los Angeles, California, with a total of 29 homeless women veterans. These women

Alison B. Hamilton; Ines Poza; Vivian Hines; Donna L. Washington

2012-01-01

247

Gender Differences in Self-Reported Reasons for Homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to illustrate some of the ways in which the perceived pathways into homelessness are socially structured. We do this by examining the relative frequency of 11 different reasons homeless males and females cite for being homeless. Males were more likely to cite the following as their main reasons for homelessness: loss of a job,

Richard Tessler; Robert Rosenheck; Gail Gamache

2001-01-01

248

Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease in Homeless Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background—Homeless people represent an extremely disadvantaged group in North America. Among older homeless men, cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death. The objective of this study was to examine cardiovascular risk factors in a representative sample of homeless adults and identify opportunities for improved risk factor modification. Methods and Results—Homeless persons were randomly selected at shelters for single

Tony C. Lee; John G. Hanlon; Jessica Ben-David; Gillian L. Booth; Warren J. Cantor; Philip W. Connelly; Stephen W. Hwang

2010-01-01

249

An Examination of Criminal Behavior among the Homeless.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homelessness is a significant social problem in the United States, with an estimated 2.5 million homeless people in this country today. While criminal activity may become a means for the homeless to obtain resources needed for basic survival, little is known about the level of criminal activity among the homeless or about the types of crimnal…

Solarz, Andrea

250

Correlates of adult assault among homeless women.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to assess predictors of sexual and physical assault among homeless women. A multivariate, correlation design was utilized to identify independent correlates of adult physical and sexual assault. The sample consisted of 202 homeless women residing in shelters or living on the street in the Skid Row area of Los Angeles. Respondents reporting a history of child sexual abuse were almost four times more likely to report being sexually assaulted as adults and were almost two and one third times more likely to report being physically assaulted as adults. A range of factors increase homeless women's risk of adult physical and sexual victimization, including child sexual abuse, substance use, lifetime sex trade activity, and previous incarceration. It is important for homeless service providers to develop an individual risk profile for homeless women and to intervene in order to decrease their risk of re-victimization. PMID:21099076

Hudson, Angela L; Wright, Kynna; Bhattacharya, Debika; Sinha, Karabi; Nyamathi, Adeline; Marfisee, Mary

2010-11-01

251

Health Disparities in the Native Hawaiian Homeless  

PubMed Central

While it is well accepted that Native Hawaiians have poor health statistics compared to other ethnic groups in Hawaii, it is not well documented if these disparities persist when comparing Native Hawaiian homeless individuals to the general homeless population. This paper examines the Native Hawaiian homeless population living in three shelters on the island of Oahu, to determine if there are significant differences in the frequency of diseases between the Native Hawaiian and non-Native Hawaiian homeless. A retrospective data collection was performed using records from the Hawai‘i Homeless Outreach and Medical Education (H.O.M.E.) project. Data from 1182 patients was collected as of 12/05/09. Information collected included patient demographics, frequency of self reported diseases, family history of diseases, risk factors, prevalence of chronic diseases, and most common complaints. The data from Native Hawaiians and non-Native Hawaiians were examined for differences and a 1-tail Fisher exact analysis was done to confirm significance. The data reveals that the Native Hawaiian homeless population is afflicted more frequently with asthma and hypertension compared to other ethnic groups. While diabetes constituted more visits to the clinics for Native Hawaiians compared to the non-Native Hawaiians, there was no significant difference in patient reported prevalence of diabetes. The Native Hawaiian homeless also had increased rates of risky behaviors demonstrated by higher past use of marijuana and methamphetamines. Interestingly, there was a lower use of alcohol in the Native Hawaiian homeless and no significant difference between Native Hawaiians and non-native Hawaiians in current use of illicit drugs, which may represent a hopeful change in behaviors. These troubling statistics show that some of the health disparities seen in the general Native Hawaiian population persist despite the global impoverished state of all homeless. Hopefully, these results will aid organizations like the H.O.M.E. project to better address the health needs of the Native Hawaiian homeless population. PMID:20540000

Oeser, Steffen G; Omori, Jill

2010-01-01

252

Intonation in unaccompanied singing: accuracy, drift, and a model of reference pitch memory.  

PubMed

This paper presents a study on intonation and intonation drift in unaccompanied singing, and proposes a simple model of reference pitch memory that accounts for many of the effects observed. Singing experiments were conducted with 24 singers of varying ability under three conditions (Normal, Masked, Imagined). Over the duration of a recording, ?50?s, a median absolute intonation drift of 11 cents was observed. While smaller than the median note error (19 cents), drift was significant in 22% of recordings. Drift magnitude did not correlate with other measures of singing accuracy, singing experience, or the presence of conditions tested. Furthermore, it is shown that neither a static intonation memory model nor a memoryless interval-based intonation model can account for the accuracy and drift behavior observed. The proposed causal model provides a better explanation as it treats the reference pitch as a changing latent variable. PMID:24993224

Mauch, Matthias; Frieler, Klaus; Dixon, Simon

2014-07-01

253

Elderly Homeless Veterans in Los Angeles: Chronicity and precipitants of homelessness.  

PubMed

We interviewed 33 chronically and 26 acutely homeless veterans aged 65 and over about their health and mental health, education and employment experience, social support, service needs and other precipitants of homelessness. Chronically homeless elderly veterans were more likely to have lower levels of education, had greater numbers and longer durations of prior homelessness, fewer social contacts providing instrumental support, and were more likely to report financial barriers to procuring housing. In response to open-ended questioning, elderly homeless veterans revealed how health and substance use issues interacted with loss of social support and eviction. The results suggest the importance of healthcare access and substance disorder treatment among elderly veterans and informs service delivery. Further research with larger samples is needed to confirm the characteristics and needs of the elderly homeless veteran population. PMID:24277974

van den Berk-Clark, Carissa; McGuire, James

2013-12-01

254

Housing outcomes for hospitalized homeless veterans.  

PubMed

This study examines housing status at the time of hospital discharge in a national sample of 3,502 veterans who were homeless at admission to a Veterans Health Administration (VHA) medical center. A supplemental survey on homelessness was added to the annual VHA inpatient census over a 4-year period (1995 through 1998). Data from this survey were used to identify homeless veterans hospitalized on the final day of the fiscal year and to document their housing status at discharge. A signal detection technique, Receiver Operating Characteristic analysis, was used to identify predictors of housing status at discharge. At discharge, only 13% of the veterans in our analytic sample were literally homeless, 40% were doubled up, and 33% were transferred to another an institution; only 13% were living independently. Housing status at admission (specifically, staying with friends or family temporarily rather than literally homeless), treatment in a psychiatric or substance abuse program rather than a medical program, and a greater income level or access to VHA benefits were found to be associated with better housing outcomes. As one might expect, homelessness was infrequently resolved during an acute inpatient hospitalization, but few veterans returned to literal homelessness at the time of discharge. PMID:16702725

Greenberg, Greg A; Hoblyn, Jennifer; Seibyl, Catherine; Rosenheck, Robert A

2006-05-01

255

Care of the homeless: an overview.  

PubMed

Homelessness affects men, women, and children of all races and ethnicities. On any given night, more than 610,000 persons in the United States are homeless; a little more than one-third of these are families. Homeless persons are more likely to become ill, have greater hospitalization rates, and are more likely to die at a younger age than the general population. The average life span for a homeless person is between 42 and 52 years. Homeless children are much sicker and have more academic and behavioral problems. Insufficient personal income and the lack of affordable housing are the major reasons for homelessness. Complex, advanced medical problems and psychiatric illnesses, exacerbated by drug and alcohol abuse, in combination with the economic and social issues (such as the lack of housing and proper transportation) make this subset of the population a unique challenge for the health care system, local communities, and the government. An integrated, multidisciplinary health care team with an outreach focus, along with involvement of local and state agencies, seems best suited to address the components needed to ensure quality of care, to help make these patients self-sufficient, and to help them succeed. Family physicians are well suited to manage the needs of the homeless patient, provide continuity of care, and lead these multidisciplinary teams. PMID:24784122

Maness, David L; Khan, Muneeza

2014-04-15

256

Health care for homeless veterans. Final rule.  

PubMed

This final rule establishes regulations for contracting with community-based treatment facilities in the Health Care for Homeless Veterans (HCHV) program of the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). The HCHV program assists certain homeless veterans in obtaining treatment from non-VA community-based providers. The final rule formalizes VA's policies and procedures in connection with this program and clarifies that veterans with substance use disorders may qualify for the program. PMID:21894657

2011-08-23

257

Use of psychiatric services by homeless veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patients treated in a Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) emergency room were evaluated to delineate the differences in use\\u000a of services between homeless and domiciled veterans who have mental disorders. Data were obtained and compared on DSM-III-R\\u000a diagnoses, number of hospitalizations, lengths of stay, and outpatient visits in the preceding year. Homeless veterans with\\u000a mental disorders were significantly more likely

Jeffrey Stovall; Joseph A. Flaherty; Blake Bowden; Michael Schoeny

1997-01-01

258

Oral health needs of the homeless  

Microsoft Academic Search

AimThe aim was to assess the oral health needs of a homeless population residing in North and West Belfast Health and Social Services Trust area, in order to determine levels of unmet need and allow recommendations for service delivery to be made.MethodA sample of single homeless people was gathered using a snowballing sampling technique. Fourteen hostels located in North and

S. Williams

2007-01-01

259

Notes from the field: hospitalizations for respiratory disease among unaccompanied children from Central America - multiple States, June-July 2014.  

PubMed

During October 2013-June 2014, approximately 54,000 unaccompanied children, mostly from the Central American countries of El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras, were identified attempting entry into the United States from Mexico, exceeding numbers reported in previous years. Once identified in the United States, U.S. Customs and Border Protection, an agency of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, processes the unaccompanied children and transfers them to the Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR), an office of the Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. ORR cares for the children in shelters until they can be released to a sponsor, typically a parent or relative, who can care for the child while their immigration case is processed. In June 2014, in response to the increased number of unaccompanied children, U.S. Customs and Border Protection expanded operations to accommodate children at a processing center in Nogales, Arizona. ORR, together with the U.S. Department of Defense, opened additional large temporary shelters for the children at Lackland Air Force Base, Texas; U.S. Army Garrison Ft. Sill, Oklahoma; and Naval Base Ventura County, California. PMID:25121713

Nyangoma, Edith N; Arriola, Carmen Sofia; Hagan, Jose; Socias, Christina; Tomczyk, Sara; Watkins, Louise Francois; Westercamp, Matthew; Kim, Curi

2014-08-15

260

Runaway and Throwaway Youth: Time for Policy Changes and Public Responsibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

The traditional American dream of owning a home, obtaining a college education, and working at a good, paying job is only that, a dream, for scores of homeless youth in America today. There is a growing street population of young people who have been thrown out of their homes by their caretakers or their families, and who face life-threatening situations

Ira Colby

2011-01-01

261

75 FR 14633 - Homeless Veterans' Reintegration Into Employment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Veterans' Employment and Training Service Homeless Veterans' Reintegration Into Employment AGENCY: Veterans' Employment and Training...readiness and literacy and skills training) to expedite the reintegration of homeless Veterans into the labor force.'' HVRP...

2010-03-26

262

24 CFR 576.103 - Homelessness prevention component.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Homelessness prevention component. 576.103 Section 576.103...SOLUTIONS GRANTS PROGRAM Program Components and Eligible Activities § 576.103 Homelessness prevention component. ESG funds may be used to...

2013-04-01

263

24 CFR 576.103 - Homelessness prevention component.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Homelessness prevention component. 576.103 Section 576.103...SOLUTIONS GRANTS PROGRAM Program Components and Eligible Activities § 576.103 Homelessness prevention component. ESG funds may be used to...

2012-04-01

264

24 CFR 576.103 - Homelessness prevention component.  

...2013-04-01 true Homelessness prevention component. 576.103 Section 576.103...SOLUTIONS GRANTS PROGRAM Program Components and Eligible Activities § 576.103 Homelessness prevention component. ESG funds may be used to...

2014-04-01

265

Mental Health Woes Common Among Homeless Kids, Study Finds  

MedlinePLUS

... please enable JavaScript. Mental Health Woes Common Among Homeless Kids, Study Finds Exposure to poverty, violence and ... 19, 2015 Related MedlinePlus Pages Child Mental Health Homeless Health Concerns THURSDAY, Feb. 19, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- ...

266

Homelessness, Mental Illness, and Criminal Activity: Examining Patterns Over Time  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined whether street homelessness, sheltered homelessness, and the severity of psychological symptoms predicted\\u000a non-violent and violent crime among 207 mentally ill participants who were homeless at baseline. Participants were interviewed\\u000a at 9 time points over 4 years. Hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) was used to examine whether changes in homelessness status\\u000a and symptom severity predicted changes in criminal activity over

Sean N. Fischer; Marybeth Shinn; Patrick Shrout; Sam Tsemberis

2008-01-01

267

Longitudinal follow-up of the mental health of unaccompanied refugee minors.  

PubMed

Despite growing numbers of unaccompanied refugee minors (UMs) in Europe, and evidence that this group is at risk of developing mental health problems, there still remain important knowledge gaps regarding the development of UMs' mental health during their trajectories in the host country and, in particular, the possible influencing role of traumatic experiences and daily stressors therein. This study therefore followed 103 UMs from the moment they arrived in Belgium until 18 months later. Traumatic experiences (SLE), mental health symptoms (HSCL-37A, RATS) and daily stressors (DSSYR) were measured at arrival in Belgium, after 6 and 18 months. UMs reported generally high scores on anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Linear mixed model analysis showed no significant differences in mental health scores over time, pointing towards the possible long-term persistence of mental health problems in this population. The number of traumatic experiences and the number of daily stressors leaded to a significant higher symptom level of depression (daily stressors), anxiety and PTSD (traumatic experiences and daily stressors). European migration policies need to reduce the impact of daily stressors on UMs' mental health by ameliorating the reception and care facilities for this group. Moreover, regular mental health screenings are needed, in combination with, if needed, adapted psychosocial and therapeutic care. PMID:23979476

Vervliet, Marianne; Lammertyn, Jan; Broekaert, Eric; Derluyn, Ilse

2014-05-01

268

Prevalence of psychiatric disorders among unaccompanied asylum-seeking adolescents in norway.  

PubMed

Unaccompanied asylum-seeking children (UASC) are known to be subjected to several potentially traumatic life events, risking more mental health problems than other populations of same age. In this study, we aimed to explore the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity at an early stage after arrival to the host country. We performed structured clinical interviews (CIDI) with 160 male UASC from different countries (Afghanistan, Somalia, Iran), after four months in Norway. Most of the participants had experienced life threatening events (82%), physical abuse (78%), or loss of a close relative (78%) in their former life. Altogether 41.9% of the participants fulfilled diagnostic criteria for a current psychiatric disorder. The most prevalent diagnosis was PTSD (30, 6%), followed by MDD (9, 4%), Agoraphobia (4, 4%) and GAD (3, 8%). Implications of this vulnerability call for more mental health resources in the early stages of the asylum process. Increased awareness of psychiatric morbidity in UASC may improve the prognosis, give more appropriate care, and ease the integration process on all levels of society. PMID:25006343

Jakobsen, Marianne; Demott, Melinda A M; Heir, Trond

2014-01-01

269

Prevalence of Psychiatric Disorders Among Unaccompanied Asylum-Seeking Adolescents in Norway  

PubMed Central

Unaccompanied asylum-seeking children (UASC) are known to be subjected to several potentially traumatic life events, risking more mental health problems than other populations of same age. In this study, we aimed to explore the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity at an early stage after arrival to the host country. We performed structured clinical interviews (CIDI) with 160 male UASC from different countries (Afghanistan, Somalia, Iran), after four months in Norway. Most of the participants had experienced life threatening events (82%), physical abuse (78%), or loss of a close relative (78%) in their former life. Altogether 41.9% of the participants fulfilled diagnostic criteria for a current psychiatric disorder. The most prevalent diagnosis was PTSD (30, 6%), followed by MDD (9, 4%), Agoraphobia (4, 4%) and GAD (3, 8%). Implications of this vulnerability call for more mental health resources in the early stages of the asylum process. Increased awareness of psychiatric morbidity in UASC may improve the prognosis, give more appropriate care, and ease the integration process on all levels of society. PMID:25006343

Jakobsen, Marianne; Demott, Melinda A. M; Heir, Trond

2014-01-01

270

The Cycle of Family Homelessness: A Social Policy Reader.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on homeless children and families carried out by the Institute for Children and Poverty over the last 6 years is compiled in this document. The contents range from programmatic solutions and policy recommendations to simple "snapshots" of homeless families. Much of the research is based on the experiences of Homes for the Homeless, which…

Institute for Children and Poverty, New York, NY.

271

Adult Education for the Homeless: 1989 Report, 1990 Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homeless individuals are eligible for adult education services, such as literacy training and basic skills remediation, under the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act. In California, 7 agencies in 1989 and 13 in 1990 were selected as service providers to serve 100 homeless adults each per project year. Each funded agency assessed…

Comprehensive Adult Student Assessment System, San Diego, CA.

272

Broken Lives: Denial of Education to Homeless Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to recent studies, families with children are now the fastest-growing segment of the homeless population: 40 percent of the homeless population consists of members of families. Forty-three percent of homeless children do not attend school, which provides children with a much-needed sense of place and continuity that they otherwise lack…

Ely, Lydia; And Others

273

A Taxonomy of Medical Comorbidity for Veterans Who are Homeless  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homeless veterans have numerous medical and behavioral health problems. Grouping homeless people based on comorbidity patterns may assist in determining severity of illness and triaging health care more effectively. We sought to determine if a finite number of profiles could be identified related to demographic characteristics, living situation, length of homelessness, and referral areas using interview data from 2,733 veterans

MPH Adam J. Gordon

2008-01-01

274

The Coping Strategies of Homeless Children and Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the stresses confronting homeless adolescents and the coping strategies that enable stressed urban minority children to achieve in school. A total of 176 homeless children ranging in age from 9 to 14 years were interviewed, and 199 control subjects who were not homeless were surveyed. Academic achievement was determined…

Horowitz, Sandra V.

275

Health of the homeless street women in South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on a qualitative survey conducted among 88 homeless street women in Johannesburg inner city about their health profile. The survey analysis is a descriptive one that elicits information about the types and causes of diseases prevalent among the street homeless women as well as their access to health care services based on the experiences of the homeless

Olusola Olufemi

1999-01-01

276

The Changing Character of Homelessness in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes new form of homeless persons, a growing population of homeless individuals and families who are not mentally ill, not wanderers, and may be employed. Examines changing character of homelessness and makes recommendations for a public policy response to the problem. (Author/NB)

Axelson, Leland J.; Dail, Paula W.

1988-01-01

277

Homeless Children in America: Challenges for the 1990s.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1980s brought an unprecedented rise in the number of homeless families with children. That there may be as many as three million homeless persons in the United States, with families representing one-third of this population, indicates that homelessness is a social problem of catastrophic proportions. This paper finds that while Federal…

Rafferty, Yvonne

278

What Kind of School Board Member Would Help Homeless Children?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homelessness is a growing problem in every part of the United States. Federal legislation requires state plans for educating homeless children, but will provide less than $23 per child. Summarizes some of the state plans and suggests steps school boards can take to provide homeless children with public education. (MLF)

Harrington-Lueker, Donna

1989-01-01

279

Street homelessness in Johannesburg inner-city: a preliminary survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the scale and nature of homelessness, and the spatial location of the homeless in central Johannesburg based on a survey of street shelters, public places and buildings used by the homeless. It also considers the broader context wherein the legacy of apartheid combines with inadequate housing policies to leave much of the low-income population with little possibility

Olusola Olufemi

1998-01-01

280

A Comparison of National Emergency Department Use by Homeless versus Non-Homeless People in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. A single-site study described differences between homeless and non-homeless patient utilization of the emergency department (ED). No prior study has examined ED use by the homeless on a national level. Objective.To analyze national ED utilization by homeless patients. Methods. Data were extracted from the 2005 National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey. SAS callable SUDAAN was used to produce national

Allison Tadros Gary Oates; MPA MSW Stephen M. Davis

2009-01-01

281

Special Populations of Homeless Americans Special Populations of Homeless Americans by  

E-print Network

Surveys conducted over the past two decades have demonstrated that homeless Americans are exceptionally diverse and include representatives from all segments of society—the old and the young; men and women; single people and families; city dwellers and rural residents; whites and people of color; and able-bodied workers and people with serious health problems. Veterans, who are among the most honored citizens in our society, appear in substantial numbers among the homeless, as do former criminal offenders and illegal immigrants. Each of these groups experiences distinctive forms of adversity resulting from both societal structures and personal vulnerabilities, and has unique service delivery needs. All, however, experience extreme poverty, lack of housing, and a mixture of internally impaired or externally inhibited functional capabilities. Attention to the distinctive characteristics of subgroups of the homeless is important in facilitating service delivery and program planning, but may also diffuse attention away from shared fundamental needs, and generate unproductive policy debate about deserving vs. undeserving homeless people. Lessons for Practitioners, Policy Makers, and Researchers People who are homeless reflect the nation’s diversity, and their special characteristics and needs must be identified, respected, and addressed. In addition to responding to basic needs for shelter, food, clothing and medical care, the unique needs of each subgroup of homeless person should be sensitively addressed. Systematic assessment is frequently required to identify the specific needs of each subgroup among the homeless population. Despite their diversity, almost all homeless people are extremely poor and lack decent affordable housing and an adequate income. Regardless of their other difficulties, practitioners must address their basic tangible needs for material resources. Although it is essential that providers help facilitate homeless people’s access to basic resources, they also should advocate for increasing the overall pool of resources. Providers are often in a position to be powerful advocates.

Robert Rosenheck M. D; Ellen Bassuk M. D; Amy Salomon Ph. D

282

Understanding Youth  

E-print Network

Developmental stages of 4-H age youth have been divided into three age groups: 9 to 11, 12 to 14 and 15-19. The suggestions given for each of these groups below are to help volunteers work more effectively with youth: Ages 9 to 11 Physical development...

Howard, Jeff W.

2005-05-10

283

Empowering Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Gulf of Maine Institute (GOMI) is striving to empower youth to take on stewardship roles in their communities. Through its Community Based Initiative (CBI) program, GOMI addresses environmental degradation by working with teams of students, teachers, and community members from around the Gulf of Maine to inspire youth to be stewards of the…

Miner, Jennifer; Elshof, Leo; Redden, Anna; Terry, John

2004-01-01

284

Homelessness: Programs and the People They Serve, Highlights Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In December 1999, the department of Housing and Urban development released their "most comprehensive study ever of homelessness in America." The survey of the homeless and the social programs supporting them is offered online in three separate chunks. The Highlights Report offers a substantial review of both the data and analytic conclusions. One significant finding that seems to fly in the face of certain myths about homelessness: "when homeless people get housing assistance and needed services - such as health care, substance abuse treatment, mental health services, education and job training - 76% of those living in families and 60% of those living alone end their homeless status."

1999-01-01

285

Homelessness and our most vulnerable patients.  

PubMed

The scope of homelessness among children is broad and growing, and its affect on physical and mental health is extensive. It may seem daunting for individual providers to make an impact on the challenges faced by these most vulnerable of patients. However, healthcare providers who care for homeless children can improve more than just their physical health by understanding barriers specific to this population, and addressing them through minor changes in standard practice; education of self, staff, and colleagues; and advocacy. By collaborating with parents and local agencies, clinicians can make tangible progress in improving the health of their homeless patients and can provide parents with the information and support they need to prioritize a child's health needs appropriately. Ultimately, providers should strive to make their practices a true medical home, as it may be the only home a child knows. PMID:19186593

Olszyk, Mark D; Goodell, Melly

2008-01-01

286

Perspectives on effective advocacy for homeless mentally ill persons.  

PubMed

To make appropriate treatment and public policy recommendations to address the problems of homeless mentally ill persons, it is important to differentiate the homeless mentally ill population from the homeless population in general. Effective advocacy for homeless mentally ill persons should have realistic goals that address the specific needs of that population rather than attempt to change the basic problems of society. The effective advocacy that has secured services for developmentally disabled persons can serve as a model. Mental health professionals' limited response to the problems of homeless mentally ill persons has further stigmatized mentally ill persons in general; one of the most powerful actions mental health professionals could take to fight stigma would be to help provide treatment and residential alternatives for homeless mentally ill persons. The recommendations of both the first and the second American Psychiatric Association task forces on the homeless mentally ill are discussed. PMID:1459542

Lamb, H R

1992-12-01

287

Collaborative initiative to help end chronic homelessness: introduction.  

PubMed

The Collaborative Initiative to Help End Chronic Homelessness was a coordinated effort by the US Departments of Health and Human Services (HHS), Housing and Urban Development (HUD), and Veterans Affairs (VA), and the US Interagency Council on Homelessness to house and provide comprehensive supportive services to individuals with serious psychiatric, substance use, health, and related disabilities who were experiencing long-term chronic homelessness. Eleven communities received 3-year grants from HHS and VA (2003-2006) and up to 5-year grants from HUD (2003-2008) to implement the initiative. This article provides background on chronic homelessness, describes the federal collaboration to comprehensively address chronic homelessness, and introduces the seven articles in this special issue that describe the findings and lessons learned from the participating communities in addressing chronic homelessness. Collectively, these articles offer insight into the challenges and benefits of providing housing and services to individuals experiencing chronic homelessness. PMID:19337841

Rickards, Lawrence D; McGraw, Sarah A; Araki, Lynnette; Casey, Roger J; High, Cynthia W; Hombs, Mary Ellen; Raysor, Robyn S

2010-04-01

288

Homelessness and risk of end-stage renal disease.  

PubMed

To identify homeless people with chronic kidney disease (CKD) who were at highest risk for end-stage renal disease (ESRD), we studied 982 homeless and 15,674 domiciled people with CKD receiving public health care. We developed four risk prediction models for the primary outcome of ESRD. Overall, 71 homeless and 888 domiciled people progressed to ESRD during follow-up (median: 6.6 years). Homeless people with CKD experienced significantly higher incidence rates of ESRD than poor but domiciled peers. Most homeless people who developed progressive CKD were readily identifiable well before ESRD using a prediction model with five common variables. We estimated that program following homeless people in the highest decile of ESRD risk would have captured 64-85% of those who eventually progressed to ESRD within five years. Thus, an approach targeting homeless people at high risk for ESRD appears feasible and could reduce substantial morbidity and costs incurred by this highly vulnerable group. PMID:25130236

Maziarz, Marlena; Chertow, Glenn M; Himmelfarb, Jonathan; Hall, Yoshio N

2014-08-01

289

Homelessness and Risk of End- stage Renal Disease  

PubMed Central

To identify homeless people with chronic kidney disease (CKD) who were at highest risk for end-stage renal disease (ESRD), we studied 982 homeless and 15,674 domiciled people with CKD receiving public health care. We developed four risk prediction models for the primary outcome of ESRD. Overall, 71 homeless and 888 domiciled people progressed to ESRD during follow- up (median: 6.6 years). Homeless people with CKD experienced significantly higher incidence rates of ESRD than poor but domiciled peers. Most homeless people who developed progressive CKD were readily identifiable well before ESRD using a prediction model with five common variables. We estimated that program following homeless people in the highest decile of ESRD risk would have captured 64–85% of those who eventually progressed to ESRD within five years. Thus, an approach targeting homeless people at high risk for ESRD appears feasible and could reduce substantial morbidity and costs incurred by this highly vulnerable group. PMID:25130236

Maziarz, Marlena; Chertow, Glenn M.; Himmelfarb, Jonathan; Hall, Yoshio N.

2014-01-01

290

Homeless women's experiences of service provider encounters.  

PubMed

Service providers are gatekeepers to health-sustaining services and resources, although little is known about service encounters from the perspective of homeless women. We conducted in-depth semistructured interviews with 15 homeless women to better understand their experiences of service encounters. Using a phenomenological method, 160 significant statements were extracted from participant transcripts; more positive than negative interactions were reported. The 10 themes that emerged fall along a dehumanizing/humanizing continuum primarily separated by the power participants experienced in the interaction and the trust they felt in the service provider. Implications for nursing practice and research are offered. PMID:24528122

Biederman, Donna J; Nichols, Tracy R

2014-01-01

291

Standards to prevent, detect, and respond to sexual abuse and sexual harassment involving unaccompanied children. Interim final rule (IFR).  

PubMed

This IFR proposes standards and procedures to prevent, detect, and respond to sexual abuse and sexual harassment involving unaccompanied children (UCs) in ORR's care provider facilities. DATES: This IFR is effective on December 24, 2014. ORR care provider facilities must be in compliance with this IFR by June 24, 2015 but encourages care provider facilities to be in compliance sooner, if possible. HHS will work with facilities to implement and enforce the standards contained in this rule. Comments on this IFR must be received on or before February 23, 2015. PMID:25546883

2014-12-24

292

Homelessness and Substance Abuse: Which Comes First?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present paper uses a social selection and social adaptation framework to investigate whether problematic substance use normally precedes or follows homelessness. Clarifying temporal order is important for policy and program design. The paper uses information from a large dataset (n=4,291) gathered at two services in Melbourne, supplemented by 65 indepth interviews. We found that 43% of the sample had

Guy Johnson; Chris Chamberlain

2008-01-01

293

Transitional Living Programs for Homeless Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents a conceptual framework for developing, reviewing, and evaluating transitional living programs (TLPs) for homeless adolescents. It is designed to be used by those in the field who are or will be developing such programs. All TLPs share basic elements and each of these is described so that TLP providers can understand what their…

Jarvis, Sara V.; Robertson, Robert M., Jr.

294

75 FR 29366 - ``Homeless Veterans' Reintegration Program (HVRP) National Technical Assistance Center...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Training ``Homeless Veterans' Reintegration Program (HVRP) National Technical...authorizes programs to expedite the reintegration of homeless Veterans into the labor...NTAC) for the Homeless Veterans' Reintegration Program (HVRP) to include the...

2010-05-25

295

77 FR 24214 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment: Continuum of Care Homeless...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection for Public Comment: Continuum of Care Homeless Assistance--Technical Submission...of Care Homeless Assistance Grant Application...Members of affected public: Applicants that...of Care Homeless Assistance Grant...

2012-04-23

296

Predictors of substance abuse treatment participation among homeless adults.  

PubMed

The current study focuses on the relationships among a trauma history, a substance use history, chronic homelessness, and the mediating role of recent emotional distress in predicting drug treatment participation among adult homeless people. We explored the predictors of participation in substance abuse treatment because enrolling and retaining clients in substance abuse treatment programs is always a challenge particularly among homeless people. Participants were 853 homeless adults from Los Angeles, California. Using structural equation models, findings indicated that trauma history, substance use history and chronicity of homelessness were associated, and were significant predictors of greater recent emotional distress. The most notable result was that recent emotional distress predicted less participation in current substance abuse treatment (both formal and self-help) whereas a substance use history alone predicted significantly more participation in treatment. Implications concerning treatment engagement and difficulties in obtaining appropriate dual-diagnosis services for homeless mentally distressed individuals are discussed. PMID:24238716

Ibabe, Izaskun; Stein, Judith A; Nyamathi, Adeline; Bentler, Peter M

2014-03-01

297

A Taxonomy of medical comorbidity for veterans who are homeless.  

PubMed

Homeless veterans have numerous medical and behavioral health problems. Grouping homeless people based on comorbidity patterns may assist in determining severity of illness and triaging health care more effectively. We sought to determine if a finite number of profiles could be identified related to demographic characteristics, living situation, length of homelessness, and referral areas using interview data from 2,733 veterans who were presently or recently homeless. We considered 12 disorders: eye problems, hypertension, cardiovascular problems, COPD/emphysema, tuberculosis, gastrointestinal problems, hepatic disease, neurologic disorders, orthopedic problems, skin problems, and trauma. Ratings were evaluated using cluster analysis. Comparison statistics were used to compare intercluster differences in demographics, homeless situation, and referral recommendations. A four-cluster solution is proposed: generalized illness, hepatic disease, lung disease, and neurologic disorder. Medical health problems are common and heterogeneous in homeless individuals. Classifications of these problems may be useful in planning treatment and predicting outcome. PMID:18677085

Goldstein, Gerald; Luther, James F; Jacoby, Aaron M; Haas, Gretchen L; Gordon, Adam J

2008-08-01

298

Mental health correlates of past homelessness in Latinos and Asians.  

PubMed

Mental illness and addiction are strongly associated with homelessness, yet few studies have shown how these relationships vary across ethnic categories that are underrepresented in the homeless population. This study draws from the National Latino and Asian American Survey to examine mental health and substance abuse correlates of homelessness amongst Latinos and Asians living in the United States. Clinical and institutional factors associated with homelessness varied by ethnicity. Among Latinos, alcohol abuse or dependence, conduct disorder and intermittent explosive disorder were risk factors for homelessness, while attending a religious service more than once a week was a protective factor. Among Asians, mood disorder was a risk factor as were health problems and receiving welfare in the past. Understanding ethnicity-specific correlates of homelessness may guide culturally nuanced mental health prevention and intervention efforts. PMID:24659183

Oh, Hans Y; DeVylder, Jordan E

2014-11-01

299

Perceived health status among the new urban homeless  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homelessness may be the leading social problem in the United States in the mid 1980s. While there may be anywhere from 250,000 to three million homeless persons, few empirically based published studies are available concerning the correlates of mental and physical health status among the homeless. Los Angeles, where the present study was conducted, has been designated by the U.S.

Richard H. Ropers; Richard Boyer

1987-01-01

300

The Urban Homeless: Super-users of the Emergency Department.  

PubMed

Abstract In the United States, patient usage of costly emergency departments (EDs) has been portrayed as a major factor contributing to health care expenditures. The homeless are associated with ED frequent users, a population often blamed for inappropriate ED use. This study examined the characteristics and costs associated with homeless ED frequent users. A retrospective cross-sectional review of hospital records for ED visits in 2006 at an urban academic medical center was performed. Frequent users were defined as having greater than 4 ED visits in one year. Homeless status was determined by self-report and review by an interdisciplinary team. A total of 5440 (8.9%) ED visits were made by 542 frequent users, 74 (13.7%) of whom were homeless and made 845 ED visits. Homeless frequent users had a median age of 47 years (39-56 interquartile range), were predominantly male (85.1%), and insured by Medicaid (59.5%). Most (44.2%) visits by homeless frequent users occurred between 1500-2259 hours and had an Emergency Severity Index of Level 3 (55.5%). Sixty-four percent of visits resulted in homeless patients being discharged back to the street; only 4.0% had a specific discharge plan addressing homelessness. Total charges and payments for all homeless frequent users were $4,812,615 and $802,600, respectively. The single top frequent user accrued charges of $482,928. ED frequent users are disproportionately homeless and their costs are significant. ED discharge planning should address the additional risks faced by homeless individuals. ED-based interventions that specifically target the most expensive homeless frequent users may prove to be cost-effective. (Population Health Management 2014;17:366-371). PMID:24865472

Ku, Bon S; Fields, J Matthew; Santana, Abbie; Wasserman, Daniel; Borman, Laura; Scott, Kevin C

2014-12-01

301

Sexual Maltreatment of Unaccompanied Asylum-Seeking Minors from the Horn of Africa: A Mixed Method Study Focusing on Vulnerability and Prevention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: The study described in this paper sought to identify the social, cultural, and political factors that effect African unaccompanied asylum-seeking minors' (UASM) vulnerability to sexual maltreatment in England. It aimed to illuminate how child protection measures could be strengthened for this highly marginalized group. Methods: A mixed…

Lay, Margaret; Papadopoulos, Irena

2009-01-01

302

Substance abuse and homelessness: social selection or social adaptation?  

PubMed

Although substance abuse has for many years been documented as a serious problem among homeless populations, there is as yet no clear understanding of the nature of the relationship between substance abuse and homelessness. We evaluate alternative social selection and social adaptation models of this process. Using data from a random probability sample, the substance abuse and homeless experiences of 303 homeless people and people at risk of homelessness in Cook County, Illinois, were investigated. Proportional hazards regression models were employed to assess both social selection and social adaptation models. Drug but not alcohol abuse was associated with first homeless episode. Prior homeless experiences were found to be predictive of first symptoms of both alcohol and drug abuse. Other variables, including the availability of social and economic resources, were also associated with each of these outcomes. Models of both selection and adaptation processes are necessary to account for the association between homelessness and substance abuse, indicating that a multi-directional model is more appropriate. In addition findings suggest that, in recent years, drugs may have displaced alcohol as an important precursor of homelessness for many individuals. PMID:9177065

Johnson, T P; Freels, S A; Parsons, J A; Vangeest, J B

1997-04-01

303

Posttraumatic stress disorder among homeless adults in Sydney.  

E-print Network

??Doctor of Clinical Psychology/ Master of Science (DCP/ MSc)%%%A number of international studies reveal high prevalence rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) within homeless populations.… (more)

Taylor, Kathryn

2006-01-01

304

[Health status and medical care accessibility of single, homeless persons].  

PubMed

The homeless population in Germany is continually increasing. Featuring prominently among those on the increase are women, young persons and homeless people from East Germany. Studies of the health of homeless individuals in recent years show that indices of illness are far higher for many disorders than for comparable groups who are housed. One result from a recent study by the University of Mainz (1994) was that more than 90% of homeless people urgently need medical treatment. According this research, the main health problems of the homeless are: cardiac disease (hypertension, CAD) (52.5%), skin disease (scabies, lice, leg ulcers, abscesses, pyodermias) and acute infections (50%), lower respiratory tract (COAD) (47.5%) and trauma victims (50%), followed by liver (30%), kidney (25%) and gastrointestinal diseases (GU) (20%). The problems of alcoholism and mental disorders of various sorts are added to this picture. Violence to homeless people is increasing. A lot of homeless people are multi-morbid. The relationship between the time of homelessness and the state of illness was not linear. It was found that in the beginning of homelessness most of the homeless people were in a poor physical condition. The poor physical condition of homeless people does not stem from only one cause, but results from a combination of different factors: individual social conditions (social class; social relations; sedentary lifestyle), personal or family life crisis (life events and coping behaviour), the individual risk behaviour (for instance the bizarre sleeping accommodations, alcohol and cigarette consumption unemployment in a depressed economy, structure of the society (cutbacks in government welfare and social service programmes). As a result of bad experiences with existing medical institutions, homeless persons do not consult the doctor or too late. Many are afraid of large institutions; most are not members of a health insurance scheme (uninsured); and many are perceived in some sense to be "undesirable" as patients. Medical care offers for homeless people must be re-examined and changed appropriately in accordance with the requirements of the patients and the acceptability of the measures. Health care for the homeless is sorely needed. It is an urgent necessity to create special low-level acceptance medical care institutions. This health care service should be made available to homeless persons at the places where they gather (to set up a mobile medical service, medical streetwork, medical care ambulances). The interdisciplinary theme approach, which integrates the skills of physicians, nurses and social workers, is an invaluable strategy for establishing though and continuous care. Without good health, homeless people cannot resolve their other basic problems; and people simply cannot be healthy if they do not have a stable place to live. PMID:9333372

Trabert, G

1997-06-01

305

Evaluations of Continuums of Care for Homeless People  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Prepared by the US Department of Housing and Urban Development, "Evaluations of Continuums of Care for Homeless People" is a comprehensive study that examines the continuums of care for homeless people throughout the United States. Critiquing the agenda of the Continuum of Care (CoC), a system designed to help homeless people as well as those at imminent risk of becoming homeless, this 216-page report examines their development, current structure, and possible future. Users should note that this report defaults to small font and may be more easily readable if printed.

2002-01-01

306

Homelessness in a national sample of incarcerated veterans in state and federal prisons.  

PubMed

The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) has been increasing efforts to reach out to assist incarcerated veterans. While previous studies have shown strong associations between incarceration and homelessness, few studies have examined distinctive characteristics of incarcerated homeless and non-homeless veterans. National administrative data on 30,348 incarcerated veterans served by the Health Care for Re-entry Veterans (HCRV) program were analyzed. Incarcerated veterans were classified into four groups based on their history of past homelessness: not homeless, transiently homeless, episodically homeless, and chronically homeless. Multinomial logistic regression was used to compare groups on sociodemographic characteristics, criminal justice status, clinical status, and their interest in using VHA services. Of the sample, 70 % were classified as not homeless, 8 % as transiently homeless, 11 % as episodically homeless, and 11 % as chronically homeless. Thus, 30 % of the sample had a homeless history, which is five times the 6 % rate of past homelessness among adult men in the general population. Compared to non-homeless incarcerated veterans, all three homeless groups reported significantly more mental health problems, more substance abuse, more times arrested in their lifetime, more likely to be incarcerated for a non-violent offense, and were more interested in receiving VHA services after release from prison. Together, these findings suggest re-entry programs, like HCRV, can address relevant mental health-related service needs, especially among formerly homeless veterans and veterans in need of services are receptive to the offer of assistance. PMID:23512110

Tsai, Jack; Rosenheck, Robert A; Kasprow, Wesley J; McGuire, James F

2014-05-01

307

Latent Homeless Risk Profiles of a National Sample of Homeless Veterans and Their Relation to Program Referral and Admission Patterns  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We identified risk and need profiles of homeless veterans and examined the relation between profiles and referrals and admissions to Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) homeless service programs. Methods. We examined data from the VA’s new Homeless Operations Management and Evaluation System on 120?852 veterans from 142 sites nationally in 2011 and 2012 using latent class analyses based on 9 homeless risk factors. The final 4-class solution compared both referral and admission to VA homeless services. Results. We identified 4 latent classes: relatively few problems, dual diagnosis, poverty–substance abuse–incarceration, and disabling medical problems. Homeless veterans in the first group were more likely to be admitted to the VA’s permanent supportive housing program, whereas those in the second group were more likely to be admitted to more restrictive VA residential treatment. Homeless veterans in the third group were more likely to be admitted to the VA’s prisoner re-entry program, and those in the fourth group were more likely to be directed to VA medical services. Conclusions. The heterogeneous risk and need profiles of homeless veterans supported the diversity of VA homeless services and encouraged the development of specialized services to meet their diverse needs. PMID:24148048

Kasprow, Wesley J.; Rosenheck, Robert A.

2013-01-01

308

Changing homelessness services: revanchism, 'professionalisation' and resistance.  

PubMed

This paper argues that the increasing international salience of homelessness can be partially explained by reference to the revanchist thesis (involving processes of coerced exclusion and abjection), but the situation on the ground is more complex. It reports on interviews with 18 representatives of 11 homelessness service providers in one city in England. As Cloke et al. found, these providers tended to be either larger, more 'professional', 'insider' services or smaller, more 'amateur', 'outsider' services. However, this does not mean that the former were necessarily more revanchist and the latter less so. Rather, the actions of both types of organisation could, in some cases, be construed as both advancing and counteracting a revanchist project. PMID:25442718

Scullion, Lisa; Somerville, Peter; Brown, Philip; Morris, Gareth

2014-12-01

309

U.S. government announces new policy to address homelessness  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Integrating Services a Key to Homelessness Planhttp://abcnews.go.com/Business/wireStory?id=10985475Shelter residents, operators react to U.S. Homeless planhttp://www.joplinglobe.com/local/x383282834/Shelter-residents-operators-react-to-U-S-homeless-planObama builds on Bush success to help the homelesshttp://www.csmonitor.com/Commentary/the-monitors-view/2010/0622/Obama-builds-on-Bush-success-to-help-the-homelessA 1% fix for homelessnesshttp://www.sltrib.com/sltrib/home/49752645-73/percent-homeless-housing-homelessness.html.cspUnited States Interagency Council on Homelessness http://www.usich.gov/U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development: Homelessness Resource Exchangehttp://www.hudhre.info/Addressing the problems of the homeless population is a multi-faceted undertaking, and many different governmental agencies have tried novel approaches recently. For example, a coalition of groups in Seattle opened a residential facility several years ago where homeless persons who were dependent on alcohol could drink openly while living in the facility. This Tuesday, the White House made an announcement that a new effort called "Opening Doors" would be utilized to offer a new approach on the federal level to dealing with homelessness. The basic premise behind this approach is that better coordination among the "many agencies that try to help homeless people find employment and health care as well as stable places to live" is a crucial step to ending homelessness entirely. One of the key components of this plan is to also add housing vouchers for low-income families and affordable rental units in the short-term. The hope is that chronic homelessness (where people tend to cycle through shelters and hospitals) can be effectively alleviated with the implementation of this policy. The first link will take visitors to a story from ABC News about the recent announcement from the White House about this new plan. The second link will lead users to an article from the Joplin Globe which takes a look at reactions from residents and operators of homeless shelters in Joplin, MO. The third link will take users to an editorial from this Tuesday's Christian Science Monitor which discusses the work of the Bush administration on a similar plan to end chronic homelessness. Moving on, the fourth link leads to a thoughtful article from the Salt Lake Tribune which talks about the movement to encourage Utahns to pledge 1 percent of one year's income to generate an endowment to solve homelessness in the state. The fifth link will whisk users to the homepage of the United States Interagency Council on Homelessness. Here visitors can learn about the details of this plan and consider statistics on homelessness. The last and final link leads to the Department of Housing and Urban Development's Homelessness Resource Exchange website. The site contains information for those people "assisting persons who are homeless or at risk of becoming homeless."

Grinnell, Max

2010-06-25

310

Correlates of frailty among homeless adults.  

PubMed

Frailty, a relatively unexplored concept among vulnerable populations, may be a significant issue for homeless adults. This cross-sectional study assessed correlates of frailty among middle age and older homeless adults (N = 150, 40-73). A Pearson (r) bivariate correlation revealed a weak relationship between frailty and being female (r = .230, p < .01). Significant moderate negative correlations were found between frailty and resilience (r = -.395, p < .01), social support (r = -.377, p < .01), and nutrition (r = -.652, p < .01). Furthermore, Spearman's rho (r s) bivariate correlations revealed a moderate positive relationship between frailty and health care utilization (r(s) = .444, p < .01). A stepwise backward linear regression analysis was conducted and in the final model, age, gender, health care utilization, nutrition, and resilience were significantly related to frailty. Over the next two decades, there is an anticipated increase in the number of homeless adults which will necessitate a greater understanding of the needs of this hard-to-reach population. PMID:23676627

Salem, Benissa E; Nyamathi, Adeline M; Brecht, Mary-Lynn; Phillips, Linda R; Mentes, Janet C; Sarkisian, Catherine; Leake, Barbara

2013-10-01

311

Understanding heterosexual condom use among homeless men.  

PubMed

This study uses an event-based approach to examine individual, relationship, and contextual correlates of heterosexual condom use among homeless men. Structured interviews were conducted with a predominantly African American sample of 305 men recruited from meal lines in the Skid Row area of Los Angeles. Men reported on their most recent heterosexual event involving vaginal or anal intercourse. Adjusting for demographic characteristics only, condom use was more likely when men had higher condom use self-efficacy, greater HIV knowledge, or talked to their partner about condoms prior to sex. Condom use was less likely when men held more negative attitudes towards condoms, the partner was considered to be a primary/serious partner, hard drug use preceded sex, or sex occurred in a public setting. Condom attitudes, self-efficacy, partner type, and communication were the strongest predictors of condom use in a multivariate model that included all of the above-mentioned factors. Associations of unprotected sex with hard drug use prior to sex and having sex in public settings could be accounted for by lower condom self-efficacy and/or less positive condom attitudes among men having sex under these conditions. Results suggest that it may be promising to adapt existing, evidence-based IMB interventions for delivery in non-traditional settings that are frequented by men experiencing homelessness to achieve HIV risk reduction and thus reduce a significant point of disparity for the largely African American population of homeless men. PMID:22392155

Tucker, Joan S; Wenzel, Suzanne L; Golinelli, Daniela; Kennedy, David P; Ewing, Brett; Wertheimer, Samuel

2013-06-01

312

Enabling Older Homeless Minority Women to Overcome Homelessness by Using a Life Management Enhancement Group Intervention  

PubMed Central

This paper describes the importance of a life management enhancement (LME) group intervention for older minority women in developing personal control and self-confidence in social relationships as they overcome homelessness. Women in the treatment group showed significantly greater personal control and higher levels of self-confidence following the six-week intervention than women in the control group. Increasing personal control and developing self-confidence in social relationships can help individuals achieve desired outcomes as a result of their actions, efforts, and abilities. These attributes can help women increase and sustain appropriate coping methods and overcome homelessness. PMID:19212866

Washington, Olivia G. M.; Moxley, David P.; Taylor, Jacquelyn Y.

2010-01-01

313

Impact of nursing intervention on improving HIV, hepatitis knowledge and mental health among homeless young adults.  

PubMed

In a prospective two-group pilot study of a convenient sample of 156 young adults, we assessed improvement in HIV cognitive and transmission knowledge, hepatitis knowledge, and mental health at six-month follow-up. Multiple linear regression analysis revealed higher six-month scores in total HIV/AIDS knowledge, HIV/AIDS cognitive knowledge, HIV transmission knowledge and HBV and HCV knowledge at 6 months in the Hepatitis Health Promotion (HHP) group compared to the Art Messaging (AM) group. Moreover, homeless young participants who reported having significant others in their lives, and excellent or very good health did better than their counterparts. Youth who were attempting to get their lives together had higher scores for all types of knowledge except HBV. Hallucinogen users had significantly worse scores on all knowledge measures than non-users. Lastly, the HHP group revealed an improvement in psychological well-being compared to the AM group. PMID:22797748

Nyamathi, Adeline; Kennedy, Barbara; Branson, Catherine; Salem, Benissa; Khalilifard, Farinaz; Marfisee, Mary; Getzoff, Daniel; Leake, Barbara

2013-04-01

314

Idealized Visions from Outside: Homeless Perspectives on School Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents findings from a qualitative exploration of homeless individuals' experiences and their perspectives on ideal designs of schools. The article is part of a larger research project titled "Unheard Voices," which explores marginalized individuals' (homeless, prisoners, working poor, and migrant workers)…

Magolis, David; Carr-Chellman, Alison A.

2013-01-01

315

Confronting Homelessness among American Families: Federal Programs and Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book offers specific information on the wide range of federal prevention, emergency shelter, and family service programs available today that provide children and families who are homeless or at risk of homelessness with financial support, education, job training, nutritional services, and crisis funding. The chapters are: (1) "Coordinating a…

DeWoody, Madelyn

316

Deviant Behavior and Victimization Among Homeless and Runaway Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study used a high-risk population of runaway and homeless adolescents to investigate the effects of a history of caretaker abuse and deviant subsistence strategies on victimization among adolescents. Based on a multisite sample of 974 homeless and runaway adolescents, logistic regression models were used first to examine factors predicting involvement in sexual and nonsexual deviant subsistence strategies and then

LES B. WHITBECK; DAN R. HOYT; KEVIN A. YODER; ANA MARI CAUCE; MATT PARADISE

2001-01-01

317

In from the Cold: Art Therapy with Homeless Men.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes experiences in using art with the homeless in an open studio approach. Discusses how offering open studio time with a range of materials showed that the homeless, each with a unique style and personal interests, were eager to create art objects and present them to the public. (RJM)

Braun, Lisa Nelson

1997-01-01

318

Homelessness and the Fiscal Year 1993 Federal Budget.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyzes the Bush Administration's budget request for homelessness programs, and argues that it promised little to alleviate the suffering of homeless people. The paper asserts that the proposal is the weakest in years, with overall spending down by 7 percent when adjusted for inflation. Programs hardest hit are new funding to increase…

National Coalition for the Homeless, Washington, DC.

319

Homelessness among people with severe mental illness in Switzerland  

Microsoft Academic Search

Questions under study: This study addresses socio-demographic and clinical characteristics among homeless people in Switzerland admitted to inpatient care, the use of and pathways to inpa- tient care by this group and, the extent to which psychiatric disorders contribute to the risk of homelessness. Methods: Based on data of a psychiatric case register we analysed 16 247 people consecutively referred

Christoph Lauber; Barbara Lay; Wulf Rössler

320

Planning Services for the Homeless in the San Francisco Peninsula  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary: A survey of clients seeking homeless services at agencies in the SF Peninsula, indicates that a disproportionate percentage are minority group members (African American and Hispanic) and veterans, and points to the need for integrated housing, social services, and health care for this vulnerable population. Significant efforts have been made to change public attitudes towards the homeless and to

Lars G. Osterberg; Donald A. Barr

2007-01-01

321

Homeless People's Trust and Interactions With Police and Paramedics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the health impact of patients' trust in physicians has been well documented, less is known about the possible health effects of trust in police or para- medics. Homeless people frequently interact with police officers and paramedics, and these experiences may affect their health and future willingness to seek emergency assistance. We examined homeless people's self-reported interactions with police and

Tanya L. Zakrison; Paul A. Hamel; Stephen W. Hwang

322

Homelessness: Programs and the People They Serve, Technical Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In December 1999, the department of Housing and Urban development released their "most comprehensive study ever of homelessness in America." The survey of the homeless and the social programs supporting them is offered online in three separate chunks. The Technical Report provides the "full, detailed technical report consisting of 17 chapters with appendices and complete sets of data tables (over 500 pages)."

1999-01-01

323

Homelessness: Programs and the People They Serve, Summary Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In December 1999, the department of Housing and Urban development released their "most comprehensive study ever of homelessness in America." The survey of the homeless and the social programs supporting them is offered online in three separate chunks. The Summary Report gives complete analysis of the extensive findings of the survey, including five chapters summarizing the methodology and data.

1999-01-01

324

Predicting Overt and Covert Antisocial Behaviors: Parents, Peers, and Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parental deviance, parental monitoring, and deviant peers were examined as predictors of overt and covert antisocial behaviors. Homeless (N=231) and housed (N=143) adolescents were assessed in adolescence and again in early adulthood. Homelessness predicted both types of antisocial behaviors, and effects persisted in young adulthood. Parental…

Tompsett, Carolyn J.; Toro, Paul A.

2010-01-01

325

Homelessness in America: What Should We Do? Public Talk Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This program guide provides a forum for discussing the different beliefs that influence public policy about homelessness as well as policy goals. The central question is addressed in two parts: (1) what society ought to do for homeless people; and (2) laying out a range of possible answers for part 1. Four possible answers are discussed: help only…

Niedergang, Mark; McCoy, Martha, Ed.

326

Attitudes toward the Homeless: A U.S.-Japan Comparison.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares attitudes toward the homeless in Japan and the United States through a survey of 268 Japanese and 254 U.S. adults and adolescents interviewed in public places. In Japan, homelessness is seldom discussed, and poverty, which may be as widespread as in the United States, is often not recognized. (SLD)

Guzewicz, Tony D.; Takooshian, Harold

1993-01-01

327

The Costs of Homelessness : A Perspective from the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses how researchers and others have analyzed the services histories of persons who have experienced homelessness, as well as their imputed costs. This research has been used both to make visible the ways in which the clients of mainstream social welfare systems (health, correc- tions, income maintenance and child welfare) become homeless and, comple- mentarily, the impact of

Dennis P. Culhane

328

Homeless in America: A Children's Story. Part One.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the early part of 1999, the Institute for Children and Poverty surveyed almost 2,000 families with more than 4,000 children in 24 locations to assess the state of homeless children across the United States. This report tells their story. Families account for almost 40% of U.S. homeless people, and in some cities that percentage is even higher.…

Homes for the Homeless, Inc., New York, NY.

329

The Health Circumstances of Homeless Women in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Women have become the fastest growing segment of the homeless population in the United States, yet very little is known about their sociodemographic profile, health status, use of health services, or the relation between their homeless condition to these social and health factors. This study draws on descriptive statistics and the multivariate results from nine major papers produced using data

Lisa Arangua; Ronald Andersen; Lillian Gelberg

2005-01-01

330

American Nightmare: A Decade of Homelessness in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 1989 national survey of the dimensions of homelessness found that at least three million Americans are homeless and that the shortage of affordable housing was cited as the chief cause. Information was gathered from a telephone survey of emergency shelter providers, housing advocacy organizations, and local governments in 26 communities, ranging…

National Coalition for the Homeless, Washington, DC.

331

Shut Out: Denial of Education to Homeless Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Stewart B. McKinney Act of 1987 was intended to remove barriers and ensure access to education for homeless children. But despite a 1988 consent decree, the United States Department of Education (DOE) has failed to comply with its statutory duties to implement the Act, the states have also failed to implement the Act adequately, and homeless

Friedman, Lorraine; Christiansen, Guy

332

Homelessness and Young Children: Early Childhood Care and Education. Minibibliography  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004, states must have policies and procedures in place that ensure timely assessment, appropriate services, and continuity of services for children with disabilities who are homeless. IDEA 2004 specifically requires states to comply with the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance…

Goode, Susan, Comp.; Shaw, Evelyn, Comp.

2006-01-01

333

Homeless and Special Education Administrative Collaboration: Recommendations. Policy Forum Proceedings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project Forum at the National Association of State Directors of Special Education (NASDSE) and the National Center for Homeless Education (NCHE) worked together to collect information regarding the need for a policy forum on the topic of administrative collaboration between school personnel who support homeless education under the McKinney-Vento…

Bowman, Diana; Burdette, Paula; Julianelle, Patricia

2008-01-01

334

Answering the Call: Facilitating Responsive Services for Students Experiencing Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After a review of the literature elucidating the status quo for students experiencing homelessness, this article shares the results of a mixed methods study. With a phenomenological qualitative emphasis, the mixed methods study explored the perceptions of parents and children experiencing homelessness regarding their academic needs and the…

Grothaus, Tim; Lorelle, Sonya; Anderson, Kie; Knight, Jasmine

2011-01-01

335

Deja Vu: Family Homelessness in New York City.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes family homelessness in New York City, which has risen sharply since 1980. Currently, the City's family shelter system is at capacity. Homeless children are typically raised by single mothers who receive no child support, are 27 years old, are unemployed and receiving welfare, and have had at least one public assistance…

Institute for Children and Poverty, New York, NY.

336

Policy Implications from the Study of the Homeless  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article presents contemporary research results, reviews the case histories of selected homeless, discusses inferences deduced from participant observation, and delineates conclusions drawn from an analysis of intake data in facilities for the homeless. Although the problems described by individuals served by the three agencies have different manifestations, the root causes are similar. The data supports the conclusion that although

David W. Hartman

2000-01-01

337

Imagine the Possibilities: Sourcebook for Educators Committed to the Educational Success of Students Experiencing Homelessness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This sourcebook assembles the results of research on educating homeless students and offers classroom strategies for people working with homeless students, providing training tools to strengthen programs and practices in schools and shelters. Chapter 1, "Increasing Awareness about Students Experiencing Homelessness," defines homelessness,…

Berliner, BethAnn

338

The faces of dignity: Rethinking the politics of homelessness and poverty in America  

Microsoft Academic Search

The conditions of homelessness and poverty in America are being criminalized and pathologized such that people who are poor or homeless are marginalized and paternalized to the point of corrupting the possibility of human dignity. In a radical revision of accepted charity models for dealing with homelessness, a group of homeless people have established their own tent community based in

Susan Finley

2003-01-01

339

Mercer Veterinary Clinic for Pets of the Homeless All About Mercer Clinic  

E-print Network

Mercer Veterinary Clinic for Pets of the Homeless All About Mercer Clinic Mercer Veterinary Clinic for the Pets of the Homeless Mercer Veterinary Clinic for the Homeless is a 501(C)3 non-profit, student-operated organization providing free medical care for the animal companions of the homeless. The clinic meets the second

Schladow, S. Geoffrey

340

Homeless and in Need of Special Education. Exceptional Children at Risk: CEC Mini-Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet examines the plight of homeless families who have children who need special educational services. It explores the magnitude of homelessness among families, provides empirical descriptions of homeless populations, and identifies factors contributing to the rising incidence of homelessness in the United States. Specific effects of…

Heflin, L. Juane; Rudy, Kathryn

341

Homelessness Past and Present: The Case of the United States, 1890-1925  

Microsoft Academic Search

An examination of the professional, political, and popular literature on the nature and extent of homelessness from 1890 to 1925 affords a comparison of the economic and social characteristics of the homeless population at the turn of the century with that of today. The discussion covers the ensuing debates over the causes of homelessness, the various subgroups among the homeless

Ellen Bassuk; Deborah Franklin

1992-01-01

342

The Dynamics of Families Who Are Homeless: Implications for Early Childhood Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Family homelessness has emerged as a serious global problem (Stronge, 2000). Over the past 25 years in the United States, the makeup of the homeless population has changed significantly. As De Angelis (1994) reports: The landscape of homelessness has changed since the early 1980s, when nearly all homeless people were men. Today,…

Swick, Kevin J.

2004-01-01

343

Identifying the Precipitants of Homeless Protest across 17 U.S. Cities, 1980 to 1990  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the 1980s, homeless people formed social movement organizations and mobilized collective action events in cities across the US. From the vantage point of social movement theories and scholarship on homelessness, it is surprising that homeless protest was so prevalent in the 1980s. Yet we find evidence of homeless protest events across no…

Snow, David A.; Soule, Sarah A.; Cress, Daniel M.

2005-01-01

344

Building Adult Parenting Skills in a Homeless Population Through a Problem Solving Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The experience of homelessness places great stress on families. Homeless parents in a shelter deal with various stressors in addition to homelessness, causing difficulties in dealing with their children and in developing parenting skills. This report describes a program designed for homeless parents of preschool children temporarily living in a…

Price, Jonaphine P.

345

Deriving costs of service use among an urban homeless population.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to describe a novel approach to calculating service use costs across multiple domains of service for homeless populations. A randomly-selected sample of homeless persons was interviewed in St. Louis, MO and followed for 2 years. Service- and cost-related data were collected from homeless individuals and from the agencies serving them. Detailed interviews of study participants and of agency personnel in specific domains of service (medical, psychiatric, substance abuse, homeless maintenance, and homeless amelioration services) were conducted using a standardized approach. Service utilization data were obtained from agency records. Standardized service-related costs were derived and aggregated across multiple domains from agency-reported data. Housing status was not found to be significantly associated with costs. Although labor intensive, this approach to cost estimation allows costs to be accurately compared across domains. These methods could potentially be applied to other populations. PMID:24462220

Fuehrlein, Brian S; Cowell, Alexander J; Pollio, David E; Cupps, Lori Y; Balfour, Margaret E; North, Carol S

2014-04-01

346

Factors associated with geriatric syndromes in older homeless adults.  

PubMed

Although older homeless adults have high rates of geriatric syndromes, risk factors for these syndromes are not known. We used multivariable regression models to estimate the association of subject characteristics with the total number of geriatric syndromes in 250 homeless adults aged 50 years and older. Geriatric syndromes included falls, cognitive impairment, frailty, major depression, sensory impairment, and urinary incontinence. A higher total number of geriatric syndromes was associated with having less than a high school education, medical comorbidities (diabetes and arthritis), alcohol and drug use problems, and difficulty performing one or more activities of daily living. Clinicians who care for older homeless patients with these characteristics should consider screening them for geriatric syndromes. Moreover, this study identifies potentially modifiable risk factors associated with the total number of geriatric syndromes in older homeless adults. This knowledge may provide targets for clinical interventions to improve the health of older homeless patients. PMID:23728022

Brown, Rebecca T; Kiely, Dan K; Bharel, Monica; Mitchell, Susan L

2013-05-01

347

An Analysis of Homeless Veterans Participating in the Homeless Veteran Reintegration Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to conduct an analysis on ex post facto data of the federal grant supported Homeless Veterans Reintegration Program (HVRP) administered at Goodwill Industries of Lower South Carolina. Pre-existing data on variables such as performance goals, training activities, support services, and demographics from program years…

Campbell, Katrina Lanelle

2010-01-01

348

Maximizing Credit Accrual and Recovery for Homeless Students. Best Practices in Homeless Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Middle and high school students experiencing homelessness often face challenges in accruing credits. Class offerings, methods of calculating credits, and graduation requirements can vary greatly among school districts. Students who change schools late in high school can find themselves suddenly in danger of not graduating due to differing class…

National Center for Homeless Education at SERVE, 2010

2010-01-01

349

Pion-to-proton ratio for unaccompanied high-energy cosmic-ray hadrons at mountain altitude using transition-radiation detector  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A transition-radiation (TR) detector, consisting of 24 modules of styrofoam radiators and multiwire proportional chambers, and an ionization calorimeter have been used to measure the pion-to-proton ratio among the unaccompanied cosmic-ray hadrons at a mountain altitude of 730 g cm-2. Using the characteristics of the TR detector obtained from calibrations with particle beams at accelerators, the ?p ratio has been determined for cosmic-ray hadrons as ?p=0.96+/-0.15 for hadron energy = 400-800 GeV, and ?p=0.45+/-0.25 for energy > 800 GeV. Monte Carlo simulations of hadron cascades in the atmosphere using the approximate criterion of unaccompaniment suggest that the observed ?p ratio as well as the previously reported neutral-to-charge ratio can be understood by assuming a value of about 13 for the charge exchange in nucleon-air-nucleus inelastic interactions at energies above 400 GeV.

Ellsworth, R. W.; Ito, A. S.; MacFall, J. R.; Siohan, F.; Streitmatter, R. E.; Tonwar, S. C.; Viswanath, P. R.; Yodh, G. B.

1983-05-01

350

Pion-to-proton ratio for unaccompanied high-energy cosmic-ray hadrons at mountain altitude using transition-radiation detector  

Microsoft Academic Search

A transition-radiation (TR) detector, consisting of 24 modules of styrofoam radiators and multiwire proportional chambers, and an ionization calorimeter have been used to measure the pion-to-proton ratio among the unaccompanied cosmic-ray hadrons at a mountain altitude of 730 g cm-2. Using the characteristics of the TR detector obtained from calibrations with particle beams at accelerators, the pip ratio has been

R. W. Ellsworth; A. S. Ito; J. R. MacFall; F. Siohan; R. E. Streitmatter; S. C. Tonwar; P. R. Viswanath; G. B. Yodh

1983-01-01

351

Responding to the needs of the homeless mentally ill.  

PubMed Central

The homeless mentally ill represent a pivotal and urgent challenge to the mental health field in the 1980s. Those homeless who have extended histories of psychiatric hospitalization stand as harsh reminders of the failures of deinstitutionalization, while young mentally ill homeless adults who never have been treated as inpatients testify to the gaps and unrealized promises of community-based care under deinstitutionalization. Homelessness and mental illness are social and clinical problems, respectively, distinct in some ways but intertwined in others. Some of the factors that contribute to homelessness--such as economic deprivations, a dearth of low-cost housing, discontinuities in social service systems, and radical changes in the composition of American families--are felt particularly keenly by many persons who are mentally ill. And symptoms of mental disorders, in turn, frequently impede an individual's capacities to cope with those, as well as other, stressors. Developing appropriate and effective responses to the needs of homeless people who are mentally ill requires precise definition and identification of the target population, innovations in the mental health service system, encouragement of those who staff it to work with homeless mentally ill patients, and public education. Ultimately, however, fundamental answers will be found in an improved understanding of severe mental illness, enhanced treatment capacities, and greater attention to the rehabilitative needs of mentally ill persons. PMID:3931159

Frazier, S H

1985-01-01

352

Youth Activists, Youth Councils, and Constrained Democracy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a critical examination of a common form of adult attempts to promote civic engagement among young people, namely, youth advisory councils. While youth councils have been widely celebrated as an effective way to integrate young people into political processes, little research has explored why some politically active youth

Taft, Jessica K.; Gordon, Hava R.

2013-01-01

353

Mercer Veterinary Clinic for the Pets of the Homeless How to Obtain Eligibility for Mercer Veterinary Clinic for the Pets of the Homeless  

E-print Network

Mercer Veterinary Clinic for the Pets of the Homeless How to Obtain Eligibility for Mercer Veterinary Clinic for the Pets of the Homeless: Utilize Loaves and Fishes services without spending the night a. Fill out this form in full to serve as verification of living homeless b. Ensure the signature

Schladow, S. Geoffrey

354

Detroit's Youth Service Corps.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goals of the Youth Service Corps (YSC) are: to offer poor youth the opportunity to earn money through police-related employment; to improve the police-community relationship, especially between black youth and the Police Department; to interest youth from minority groups in police careers and other governmental positions; to encourage such…

Neighborhood Service Organization, Detroit, MI.

355

Moving beyond Youth Voice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study combines research documenting the benefits of positive relationships between youth and caring adults on a young person's positive development with studies on youth voice to examine the mechanisms through which participation in youth programs contributes to positive developmental outcomes. Specifically, the study explores whether youth's…

Serido, Joyce; Borden, Lynne M.; Perkins, Daniel F.

2011-01-01

356

A quantitative review of cognitive functioning in homeless adults.  

PubMed

Homeless people experience elevated rates of risk factors for cognitive impairment. We reviewed available peer-reviewed studies reporting data from objective measures of cognition in samples identified as homeless. Pooled sample-weighted estimates of global cognitive screening measures, full-scale intelligence quotient (IQ), and premorbid IQ were calculated, in addition to pooled sample characteristics, to understand the representativeness of available studies. A total of 24 unique studies were identified, with 2969 subjects. The pooled estimate for the frequency of cognitive impairment was 25%, and the mean full-scale IQ score was 85, 1 standard deviation below the mean of the normal population. Cognitive impairment was found to be common among homeless adults and may be a transdiagnostic problem that impedes rehabilitative efforts in this population. Comparatively little data are available about cognition in homeless women and unsheltered persons. PMID:25594792

Depp, Colin A; Vella, Lea; Orff, Henry J; Twamley, Elizabeth W

2015-02-01

357

For Cultural Interpretation: A Study of the Culture of Homelessness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attempts to demonstrate the value of conjunctural interpretive analysis (which is multilevel, multimodal, and explicitly theoretical and political) through an interpretation of the culture of homelessness in the United States. Addresses differences between positivist epistemologies. (SR)

Fiske, John

1991-01-01

358

Collaborative Initiative to Help End Chronic Homelessness: Introduction  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Collaborative Initiative to Help End Chronic Homelessness was a coordinated effort by the US Departments of Health and\\u000a Human Services (HHS), Housing and Urban Development (HUD), and Veterans Affairs (VA), and the US Interagency Council on Homelessness\\u000a to house and provide comprehensive supportive services to individuals with serious psychiatric, substance use, health, and\\u000a related disabilities who were experiencing long-term

Lawrence D. Rickards; Sarah A. McGraw; Lynnette Araki; Roger J. Casey; Cynthia W. High; Mary Ellen Hombs; Robyn S. Raysor

2010-01-01

359

Closing a Front Door to Homelessness among Veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has been identified as a mainstream institution to help prevent homelessness\\u000a among America’s veterans. The large numbers of incarcerated veterans with serious mental illnesses and substance abuse disorders\\u000a who are at risk for homelessness support the need for expanded VA outreach to this population. Since 2002, the VA has contacted\\u000a almost 6,500 veterans

James McGuire

2007-01-01

360

Stand Down 95. Nutrition Intervention for Homeless Veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

LEARNING OUTCOME: The participant will be able to plan and implement a nutrition intervention\\/assessment for home-less veterans at a Stand Down event after attending this presentation.In September 1995, the first nutrition intervention was provided at The Houston Stand Down for Homeless Veterans. This was the second year for the event in Houston and gave dietitians and students an opportunity to

J. B. Martin

1996-01-01

361

Risk factors for ED use among homeless veterans.  

PubMed

Despite national concern about homeless veterans, there has been little examination of their use of emergency department (ED) services. This study examines factors related to the use of ED services in the Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare system, where insurance is not a barrier to ambulatory healthcare. National VA administrative data from fiscal year 2010 are used to describe the proportions of ED users among homeless and domiciled VA patients. A case-control design is then used to compare homeless ED and non-ED users on sociodemographic and clinical correlates, as well as use of ambulatory care and psychotropic medications. Sixteen percent of domiciled VA patients used EDs at least once during the year and 1% were frequent ED users (>4 ED visits) compared to 45% of homeless VA patients, 10% who were frequent ED users. Among homeless VA patients, those who used EDs were more likely to have a range of psychiatric and medical conditions, and had more service visits and psychotropic medication prescriptions than non-ED users. Multivariate analyses suggest their risk for psychiatric and medical conditions increase their likelihood of using ED services. The high rate of ED use among homeless veterans is associated with significant morbidity, but also greater use of ambulatory care and psychotropics suggesting their ED use may reflect unmet psychosocial needs. PMID:23566404

Tsai, Jack; Rosenheck, Robert A

2013-05-01

362

Homelessness in Birmingham, AL : an analysis using the local homeless management information system and surveys of local supportive housing programs.  

E-print Network

??A homeless management information system (HMIS) records and stores a client’s demographic information and his/her service utilization history while allowing for case management opportunities between… (more)

Smith, Adrian Kendall

2011-01-01

363

Alcoholism in homeless men in the mid-nineties: results from the Bavarian Public Health Study on homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary   Parallel to structural economic changes homelessness has become publicly more visible and has received increased media attention\\u000a in Western industrialized countries. Most studies on mental illness and homelessness in recent years were carried out in North\\u000a America but only few studies in Europe have dealt with these issues. The goals of the present study were (1) to assess alcohol

M. Fichter; N. Quadflieg

1999-01-01

364

Factors Associated with Receipt of Pension and Compensation Benefits for Homeless Veterans in the VBA\\/VHA Homeless Outreach Initiative  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public support payments may facilitate exit from homelessness for persons with mental illness. We examined data from 10,641\\u000a homeless veterans contacted from October 1, 1995 to September 30, 2002 in a collaborative outreach program designed to facilitate\\u000a access to Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) disability benefits. Those who were awarded benefits (22% of contacted veterans)\\u000a were more likely to report

Joyce H. Chen; Robert A. Rosenheck; Greg A. Greenberg; Catherine Seibyl

2007-01-01

365

Empowering Youth  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Gulf of Maine Institute (GOMI) is striving to empoweryouth to take on stewardship roles in their communities.Through its Community Based Initiative (CBI) program,GOMI addresses environmental degradation by workingwith teams of students, teachers, and community membersfrom around the Gulf of Maine to inspire youth tobe stewards of the gulf and its watershed. In preparingyoung enthusiastic leaders who will take on these stewardshiproles in their communities, GOMI provides solidtraining in environmental sciences and civic engagement.As a result, students become more environmentally awareand actively contribute to environmental initiatives intheir hometowns. This bioregional approach helps participantsfrom urban, suburban, and rural communitiesin Canada and the United States relate to one another asthey learn about the interconnectedness of their watershedand their dependence on its continued health.

Miner, Jennifer; Elshof, Leo

2007-04-01

366

76 FR 81520 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection for Public Comment; Continuum of Care Homeless...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection for Public Comment; Continuum of Care Homeless Assistance Program Registration...Department is soliciting public comments on the...of Care Homeless Assistance (CoC) program...of the affected public: CoC Lead...

2011-12-28

367

77 FR 56712 - Agency Information Collection (Homeless Providers Grant and Per Diem Program) Activities Under...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS [OMB...Collection (Homeless Providers Grant...Review AGENCY: Veterans Health Administration...the Veterans Health Administration...Department of Veterans Affairs, will...Titles: a. Homeless Providers...

2012-09-13

368

Detecting earlier indicators of homelessness in the free text of medical records.  

PubMed

Early warning indicators to identify US Veterans at risk of homelessness are currently only inferred from administrative data. References to indicators of risk or instances of homelessness in the free text of medical notes written by Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) providers may precede formal identification of Veterans as being homeless. This represents a potentially untapped resource for early identification. Using natural language processing (NLP), we investigated the idea that concepts related to homelessness written in the free text of the medical record precede the identification of homelessness by administrative data. We found that homeless Veterans were much higher utilizers of VA resources producing approximately 12 times as many documents as non-homeless Veterans. NLP detected mentions of either direct or indirect evidence of homelessness in a significant portion of Veterans earlier than structured data. PMID:25000039

Redd, Andrew; Carter, Marjorie; Divita, Guy; Shen, Shuying; Palmer, Miland; Samore, Matthew; Gundlapalli, Adi V

2014-01-01

369

Are independent mobility and territorial range associated with park visitation among youth?  

PubMed Central

Background Parks are important for providing opportunities for physical activity among youth. Apart from engaging in physical activity whilst visiting a park, active transportation (e.g. walking or cycling) to parks is potentially an additional source of physical activity. Previous research has shown that a major barrier to young people visiting parks is their inability to visit parks unaccompanied by an adult. It is not known; however, whether young people who have greater independent mobility and territorial range (ability to move around their neighbourhood alone or with friends, unaccompanied by an adult) are more likely to visit parks. This study examined park visitation and travel mode to parks and whether independent mobility and territorial range were associated with park visitation among youth living in disadvantaged areas of Victoria, Australia. Methods In 2010–11, 311 youth aged 8–16 years self-reported their park use, active transport, independent mobility to parks, and territorial range. Logistic regression models determined the odds of park visitation (once per week or more) according to independent mobility and territorial range, adjusting for key covariates. Results Overall, 75% of participants reported visiting parks, and 37% visited their ‘usual’ park at least once per week. Of those who reported visiting parks, 87% travelled to the park they usually visited using active transport: 57% walked, 22% cycled, and 8% used a scooter/skateboard. Just 15% and 13% of youth regularly walked or cycled alone to parks/playgrounds respectively, and 25% and 19% regularly walked or cycled with friends or siblings (no adults) respectively. For the 84% who reported having parks/playgrounds within walking distance from home, those who regularly walked alone to parks (OR 3.61; CI=1.67, 7.80), and regularly walked (OR 2.27; CI=1.14, 4.55) or cycled (OR 3.38; CI=1.73, 6.62) with friends to parks, were significantly more likely to visit a park at least once per week, compared to others. Conclusions This study showed that active transport is frequently used by this sample of young people to travel to parks. Findings also highlight the potential importance of providing opportunities for youth aged 8–16 years to visit local parks independent of an adult. PMID:24909862

2014-01-01

370

Problem Gambling and Homelessness: Results from an Epidemiologic Study.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of gambling disorder and comorbid psychiatric disorders in a homeless population and identify features related to potential subtypes. At baseline, participants were administered a structured interview including socio-demographic sections of the National Comorbidity Study (NCS) interview; seven diagnostic sections of the Diagnostic Interview Schedule (DIS); the alcohol and drug abuse sections of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview-Substance Abuse Module (CIDI-SAM); and the Homeless Supplement to the DIS. At nine months post-baseline assessment, participants were administered additional NCS family history questions and the South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS). Participants were an epidemiologic sample of 275 predominately African-American homeless individuals, grouped as lifetime non-gamblers (n = 60), recreational gamblers (n = 152), and problem gamblers (n = 63), recruited on the street and through homeless shelters. Results indicate that lifetime rates of sub-clinical problem (46.2 %) and disordered (12.0 %) gambling were significantly higher than in the general population. Problem gamblers were more likely than non-problem gamblers to meet diagnostic criteria for antisocial personality disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, bipolar disorder, and any psychiatric disorder, and more likely than non-gamblers to use illicit drugs or meet criteria for abuse/dependence for nicotine, alcohol, or any substance. This study provides evidence that problem gambling is a significant public health issue among the African-American homeless population. Homeless services should include assessment for problem gambling along with psychiatric disorders and referrals to resources and treatment programs. Future studies should explore the relationship of the onset and course of problem gambling and other psychiatric disorders with homelessness as well as racial differences in gambling patterns and problem severity over time. PMID:24395010

Nower, Lia; Eyrich-Garg, Karin M; Pollio, David E; North, Carol S

2014-01-01

371

Bullying and LGBT Youth  

MedlinePLUS

... LGBT Youth Youth With Special Needs Create a Gay-Straight Alliance Watch a video of Arne Duncan , ... of Education, in a speech supporting GSAs for Gay-Straight Alliance Day. Add this to... Bookmark Bullying ...

372

Temporary Housing for the Homeless: A Pre-Engineering Design Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It has been reported by the National Law Center on Homelessness and Poverty that in 2004, over 3.5 million Americans were homeless. While many homeless live in temperate climates, many others live in locations where it can get very cold in the winter. Without adequate shelter, this can become very hazardous to the health and well-being of these…

Schreuders, Paul D.; Salmon, Scott D.; Stewardson, Gary A.

2008-01-01

373

78 FR 7442 - Federal Property Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless AGENCY: Office of the Assistant Secretary...for suitability for use to assist the homeless. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Juanita...section 501 of the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C....

2013-02-01

374

78 FR 27417 - Federal Property Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless AGENCY: Office of the Assistant Secretary...for suitability for use to assist the homeless. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Juanita...section 501 of the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C....

2013-05-10

375

78 FR 57874 - Federal Property Suitable as Facilities to Assist the Homeless  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Suitable as Facilities to Assist the Homeless AGENCY: Office of the Assistant Secretary...for suitability for use to assist the homeless. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Juanita...section 501 of the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C....

2013-09-20

376

77 FR 44262 - Federal Property Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless AGENCY: Office of the Assistant Secretary...for suitability for use to assist the homeless. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Juanita...section 501 of the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C....

2012-07-27

377

Over the Brink: Homeless Families in Los Angeles. California Children, California Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines homeless families, isolates similarities and differences between homeless and poor but stably-housed families, identifies paths along which families slide into homelessness, and recommends policy changes. The report uses a body of data collected in 1987-1988 on two groups of poor families in Los Angeles (California) half of…

Wood, David; And Others

378

78 FR 16521 - Federal Property Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless AGENCY: Office of the Assistant Secretary...for suitability for use to assist the homeless. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Juanita...section 501 of the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C....

2013-03-15

379

76 FR 2702 - Federal Property Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless AGENCY: Office of the Assistant Secretary...suitability for possible use to assist the homeless. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Juanita...section 501 of the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C....

2011-01-14

380

78 FR 73554 - Federal Property Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless AGENCY: Office of the Assistant Secretary...for suitability for use to assist the homeless. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Juanita...section 501 of the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C....

2013-12-06

381

77 FR 58565 - Federal Property Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless AGENCY: Office of the Assistant Secretary...for suitability for use to assist the homeless. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Juanita...section 501 of the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C....

2012-09-21

382

78 FR 17703 - Federal Property Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless AGENCY: Office of the Assistant Secretary...for suitability for use to assist the homeless. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Juanita...section 501 of the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C....

2013-03-22

383

77 FR 801 - Federal Property Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless AGENCY: Office of the Assistant Secretary...for suitability for use to assist the homeless. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Juanita...section 501 of the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C....

2012-01-06

384

77 FR 75642 - Federal Property Suitable as Facilities to Assist the Homeless  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Suitable as Facilities to Assist the Homeless AGENCY: Office of the Assistant Secretary...for suitability for use to assist the homeless. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Juanita...section 501 of the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C....

2012-12-21

385

76 FR 13425 - Federal Property Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless AGENCY: Office of the Assistant Secretary...suitability for possible use to assist the homeless. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Juanita...section 501 of the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act (42 U.S.C....

2011-03-11

386

Chronic Homelessness Among Working-Age Adults: Personal Problems and Public Assistance  

Microsoft Academic Search

As rapid changes have occurred in the economic and cultural structures of society, some have found themselves more disadvantaged than others. The mismatch between income and the cost of housing means that some of the poor will inevitably become homeless. Given the economics of the situation, prevention of homelessness is a non-issue; more germane is the question of chronic homelessness.

Joan M. Morris

1997-01-01

387

Mother–Child Separations Among Homeless and Housed Families Receiving Public Assistance in New York City  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined the incidence, characteristics, and predictors of separations of children from mothers in 543 poor families receiving public assistance, 251 of whom had experienced homelessness during the previous 5 years. Forty-four percent of the homeless mothers and 8% of housed mothers were separated from one or more children. A total of 249 children were separated from 110 homeless families

Kirsten Cowal; Marybeth Shinn; Beth C. Weitzman; Daniela Stojanovic; Larissa Labay

2002-01-01

388

What Research Tells Us About the Intersecting Streams of Homelessness and Foster Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews mounting evidence linking foster care and homelessness and considers new ap- proaches for intervention. Although there is no causal evidence that family homelessness leads to foster care or vice versa, the association no longer originates solely from samples of homeless people, but also from samples of people with childhood histories of foster care. Many programs work with

Cheryl Zlotnick

2010-01-01

389

The Mental Health of Children Exposed to Maternal Mental Illness and Homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years a number of reports have documented an increase in the number of homeless families in the US. Using a sample of 195 mothers who were veterans of the US armed forces we assessed the association of maternal homelessness and clinical status, with measures of children’s mental health, school enrolment and attendance. Although maternal homelessness had no significant

Ilan Harpaz-Rotem; Robert A. Rosenheck; Rani Desai

2006-01-01

390

Characteristics of Telephone Applicants to a Residential Rehabilitation Program for Homeless Veterans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gathered descriptive data on 163 telephone applicants to residential rehabilitation program for homeless veterans and compared data with general veteran and homeless populations. Found subjects to be young, educated group of homeless men with histories of relatively high, stable functioning and high rates of medical, substance abuse, psychiatric,…

Seidner, Andrea L.; And Others

1990-01-01

391

A Survey of the Nutritional Status of Homeless Adults in Rural Northern California  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homelessness is a growing problem in the United States. The health and nutritional status of the homeless population is effected by limited access to regular, nutritious meals. There are few published studies evaluating the nutritional status of homeless populations and all data collected have been from urban areas. The purpose of this survey was to assess the nutritional status of

K. Silliman; M. M. Yamanoha; A. E. Momssey

1995-01-01

392

Feminisation of poverty among the street homeless women in South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article gives an overview of poverty, deprivation and homelessness as a social ill that is eating deep into the society's fabric. It affirms that these concepts are inextricably linked, illustrating this with the case of the street homeless women. Furthermore, it describes the characteristics of street homeless women in Johannesburg inner city and their perception of poverty. It also

Olusola Olufemi

2000-01-01

393

Homeless and Disabled: Rights, Responsibilities, and Recommendations for Serving Young Children with Special Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homelessness is a growing social problem in the United States. Especially vulnerable to this phenomenon are young children because homelessness is viewed as a breeding ground for disabilities. Despite federal legislation ensuring educational opportunities, the educational needs of children who are homeless are frequently unfulfilled. This article…

Gargiulo, Richard M.

2006-01-01

394

Partners in Prevention: Community-Wide Homelessness Prevention in Massachusetts and the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

A central objective of the Homelessness Prevention Initiative (HPI) is to generate information for state policymakers on viable statewide approaches for investing in homelessness prevention. Therefore, to contextualize the policy relevance of HPI evaluation findings and to add to the strength of recommendations, the evaluation team has systematically explored examples of community-wide homelessness prevention efforts already underway in Massachusetts and

Donna H. Friedman; John McGah; Julia Tripp; Michelle Kahan; Nicole Witherbee; Amy Carlin

2005-01-01

395

Ten Cities, 1997-1998: A Snapshot of Family Homelessness across America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1997, the Institute for Children and Poverty of Homes for the Homeless joined with more than 58 organizations from 10 cities across the country to develop a national snapshot of family homelessness in the United States. Nearly 800 families were surveyed. This report presents the results of this research. The typical homeless family in the…

Homes for the Homeless, Inc., New York, NY.

396

Income and employment among homeless people: the role of mental health, health and substance abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The homeless population is among the poorest of the poor in the United States. Employment and government programs are potential sources of income, but many homeless people face potential barriers to work: many have serious mental and physical disabilities, and many more have alcohol and drug disorders. As a result, most homeless who work do so either for a

Samuel H. Zuvekas; Steven C. Hill

2000-01-01

397

A Status Report on Homeless Families in America's Cities. A 29-City Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This survey assesses the status of homelessness among families in cities. The data were collected from city officials during April 1987. The findings include the following: (1) the number of homeless families increased by 31 percent during the last two years; (2) families represented one-third of the homeless and a single parent headed two-thirds…

Waxman, Laura DeKoven; Reyes, Lilia M.

398

Prompt and Proper Placement: Enrolling Students without Records. Best Practices in Homeless Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act, reauthorized as Title X, Part C, of the No Child Left Behind Act, requires schools to enroll homeless students immediately, even if they do not have the documents normally required for enrollment such as school records, medical records, proof of residency, or others. Unfortunately for many homeless

National Center for Homeless Education at SERVE, 2006

2006-01-01

399

Meeting the Educational Needs of Missouri's Homeless Children. State Plan & Survey Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A two-part survey prepared in compliance with the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act assessed the extent of homelessness among Missouri children and the types of educational barriers that they confront. The survey formed the basis for the federally required State Plan for educating homeless children. In this document, an explanation of…

Missouri State Dept. of Elementary and Secondary Education, Jefferson City.

400

Racial Differences in the Use of Antidepressants and Counseling for Depression Among Homeless Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the current study was to examine how African American race was related to the use of antidepressants and counseling among homeless depressed women. Women were recruited in 18 homeless shelters in four counties in central North Carolina. Head of household homeless mothers with psychiatric and\\/or substance abuse disorders who had dependent children were eligible to participate. One

Betsy L. Sleath; Elizabeth Jackson; Kathleen C. Thomas; James Galloway; Lisa Dumain; Joshua Thorpe; Angela Rollins; Joseph Morrissey

2006-01-01

401

Proposals Relating to Increasing Housing Opportunities for Homeless Persons. Discussion Paper 91-1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a basis for discussion of housing proposals relating to increasing housing opportunities for homeless persons in Wisconsin. Six major topics relating to housing for homeless and potentially homeless persons are presented. Issues are listed under each topic. For each issue, background information is provided and alternatives for…

Rose, Laura; Matthias, Mary

402

Predicting Staying in or Leaving Permanent Supportive Housing That Serves Homeless People with Serious Mental Illness  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Permanent Housing component of the Supportive Housing Program, the Department’s principal program to meet the needs of homeless people with disabilities, was established to offer homeless people with disabilities, including mental illness, an assurance of permanent housing and appropriate supportive services. The program is designed to provide a structure that counteracts the disruptions of both homelessness and disability. However,

CMHPSR Yin-Ling Irene Wong; CMHPSR Trevor R. Hadley; CMHPSR Dennis P. Culhane; CMHPSR Steve R. Poulin; MDAC Morris R. Davis; MDAC Brian A. Cirksey; MDAC James L. Brown

2006-01-01

403

The health encounter as a treatable moment for homeless substance-using adults: the role of homelessness, health seeking behavior, readiness for behavior change and motivation for treatment.  

PubMed

Substance-using homeless persons frequent emergency departments and hospitals often. However, little is known about how homelessness affects when they seek care and their motivation for substance abuse treatment (SAT). We surveyed homeless (N=266) and non-homeless (N=104) substance-using adults sequentially admitted to an urban hospital medicine service, comparing demographics, readiness for change (URICA), and motivating reasons for SAT. Homeless respondents were more likely to be younger, uninsured, have hepatitis B/C, and <12th grade education. The majority in both groups were in either a precontemplative or contemplative stage of change, although more homeless respondents were in an action stage. They also had similar motivating reasons for wanting SAT, although being homeless was an additional motivator for the majority of homeless respondents. Almost half reported that being homeless caused them to delay seeking health care; paradoxically those citing physical health as a SAT motivator were 3.4 times more likely to have delayed care. While acutely ill homeless persons were at least as motivated for SAT, these data suggest the challenge is getting them to care in a timely manner and tailoring interventions during the care episode to avail of this motivation. PMID:18562126

O'Toole, Thomas P; Pollini, Robin A; Ford, Daniel E; Bigelow, George

2008-09-01

404

Why Youth Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author discusses youth culture and raises concerns about the tricky social terrain modernity offers for youth identity. He discusses familiar "topoi" or thematics that seem to drive most work on youth culture, suggests that justice and fairness are moral imperatives, and that acknowledging the worthiness of difference is one…

Cintron, Ralph

2010-01-01

405

Summer Youth Forestry Institute  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Summer Youth Forestry Institute (SYFI) was developed to inspire youth through experiential learning opportunities and early work experience in the field of natural resources. Declining enrollments in forestry and other natural resource careers has made it necessary to actively engage youth and provide them with exposure to careers in these…

Roesch, Gabrielle E.; Neuffer, Tamara; Zobrist, Kevin

2013-01-01

406

Values and Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every social studies teacher must consciously move to relate his course to the value dilemmas of youth and the value-laden issues of our time. A variety of writings by youth have been included to serve as source materials for classroom teachers and to provide significant insights into the values of youth. The section, Values in the Classroom:…

Barr, Robert D., Ed.

407

Australia's regional youth exodus  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, I report on preliminary findings arising from a more extensive doctoral project on Australia's regional youth exodus. One aim of this project is to stress the political moment lost in technical socio-demographic accounts of youth migration. Here, I examine the ‘taken for granted’ assumptions that frame conversations about regional youth migration, as well as the exclusionary limits

M. Gabriel

2002-01-01

408

Youth Development: Maori Styles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the innovative approach of the Youth Development Strategy Aotearoa and the applicability of its Rangatahi Development Package, the diverse realities and experiences of Maori youth are still presenting unique challenges to national policy in Aotearoa New Zealand. A Maori youth research approach that utilised a combination of action research…

Ware, Felicity; Walsh-Tapiata, Wheturangi

2010-01-01

409

National Youth Court Guidelines.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Youth courts provide communities with an opportunity to impose immediate consequences for first time youthful offenders, while providing a peer operated disposition mechanism that constructively allows young people to take responsibility, be held accountable, and make amends for violating the law. Dispositions hold youth accountable in part…

Godwin, Tracy M.

410

Management of chronic kidney disease and dialysis in homeless persons  

PubMed Central

End-stage renal disease and dialysis are complicated illnesses to manage in homeless persons, who often suffer medical comorbidities, psychiatric disease, cognitive impairment and addictions; descriptions of this population and management strategies are lacking. A retrospective review of dialysis patients who were homeless or unstably housed was undertaken at an urban academic Canadian center from 2001 to 2011. Electronic hospital records were analyzed for demographic, housing, medical, and psychiatric history, dialysis history, adherence to treatment, and outcomes. Two detailed cases of homeless patients with chronic kidney disease are presented. Eleven homeless dialysis patients with a mean age of 52.7±12.3 years, mostly men and mostly from minority groups were dialyzed for 41.1±29.2 months. Most resided permanently in shelters, eventually obtained fistula access, and were adherent to dialysis schedules. Patients were often nonadherent to pre-dialysis management, resulting in emergency starts. Many barriers to care for homeless persons with end-stage kidney disease and on dialysis are identified, and management strategies are highlighted. Adherence is optimized with shelter-based health care and intensive team-oriented case management. PMID:25018988

Podymow, Tiina; Turnbull, Jeff

2013-01-01

411

Homeless aging veterans in transition: a life-span perspective.  

PubMed

The need for counseling and career/educational services for homeless veterans has captured political and economic venues for more than 25 years. Veterans are three times more likely to become homeless than the general population if veterans live in poverty or are minority veterans. This mixed methods study emphasized a life-span perspective approach for exploring factors influencing normative aging and life-quality of 39 homeless veterans in Alabama and Florida. Seven descriptive quantitative and qualitative research questions framed the investigation. Study participants completed a quantitative survey reflecting their preferences and needs with a subset of the sample (N = 12) also participating in individual qualitative interview sessions. Thirty-two service providers and stakeholders completed quantitative surveys. Empirical and qualitative data with appropriate triangulation procedures provided interpretive information relative to a life-span development perspective. Study findings provide evidence of the need for future research efforts to address strategies that focus on the health and economic challenges of veterans before they are threatened with the possibility of homelessness. Implications of the study findings provide important information associated with the premise that human development occurs throughout life with specific characteristics influencing the individual's passage. Implications for aging/homelessness research are grounded in late-life transitioning and human development intervention considerations. PMID:24286010

Thompson, Carla J; Bridier, Nancy L

2013-01-01

412

Personality disorders and treatment drop out in the homeless  

PubMed Central

The homeless drop out of treatment relatively frequently. Also, prevalence rates of personality disorders are much higher in the homeless group than in the general population. We hypothesize that when both variables coexist — homelessness and personality disorders — the possibility of treatment drop out grows. The aim of this study was to analyze the hypotheses, that is, to study how the existence of personality disorders affects the evolution of and permanence in treatment. One sample of homeless people in a therapeutic community (N = 89) was studied. The structured clinical interview for the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-IV-TR) was administered and participants were asked to complete the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-II (MCMI-II). Cluster B personality disorders (antisocial, borderline, and narcissistic) avoided permanence in the treatment process while cluster C disorders, as dependent, favored adhesion to the treatment and improved the prognosis. Knowledge of these personality characteristics should be used to advocate for better services to support homeless people and prevent their dropping out before completing treatment. PMID:23569378

Salavera, Carlos; Tricás, José M; Lucha, Orosia

2013-01-01

413

The Other America: Homeless Families in the Shadow of the New Economy. Family Homelessness in Kentucky, Tennessee and the Carolinas. A Report of Homes for the Homeless.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes a survey of homeless families from shelters in Kentucky, Tennessee, and the Carolinas. The typical family included a 32-year-old single woman with two young children who was more likely to be African American, had a high school education, and had a 50-50 chance of being employed. Most children attended preschool, most were…

Institute for Children and Poverty, New York, NY.

414

Family Histories and Multiple Transitions Among Homeless Young Adults: Pathways to Homelessness  

PubMed Central

This study explored the early family histories of homeless young adults, the types and number of transitions they experienced, and their pathways to the street. Intensive qualitative interviews were audio taped and transcribed with 40 homeless young adults 19 to 21 years of age in the Midwest. Findings show that family backgrounds were generally characterized by substance use, child maltreatment, and witnessing violence, all of which provide social context for understanding why so many of these young people opted to leave home in search of an alternative living situation. The current findings also reveal that while some young adults ran away from home as adolescents, others were “pushed out” (i.e., told to leave), or removed by state agencies. Current study findings illustrate that young adults’ trajectories are marked by multiple living arrangements such as home, foster care, detention facility, and drug rehabilitation. Overall, study results show that young adults’ family histories place them on trajectories for early independence marked by multiple transitions and numerous living situations, culminating in a lack of a permanent residence to call home. PMID:24151346

Tyler, Kimberly A.; Schmitz, Rachel M.

2013-01-01

415

Exiting Homelessness: Perceived Changes, Barriers, and Facilitators Among Formerly Homeless Adults With Mental Disorders.  

PubMed

Objective: This study examines key themes from narrative interviews conducted with 43 homeless adults with mental disorders 18 months after random assignment to Housing First with intensive supports or to treatment as usual (no housing or supports through the study). Method: Coding and thematic analysis of semistructured interviews was based on 2 research questions from participants' perspectives: (a) What changes were perceived over time? (b) What factors facilitated or hindered change? Results: The majority of participants assigned to Housing First reported positive change across multiple domains as a result of stable housing; whereas the majority of treatment as usual participants reported negative or neutral change. Key themes included feelings of security and pride; adjusting to living alone; housing as a learning process; and developing meaningful activity. The sense of security associated with stable housing was the most influential factor that supported change. Factors that helped or hindered change clustered into 4 key themes: the type and quality of services; the cumulative effects of trauma; social ties; and concurrent substance use. Conclusions and Implications for Practice: Our findings provide important context to the emerging body of quantitative research on Housing First and recovery from homelessness. Participants' experiences of recovery, particularly as it relates to housing and supports, shifts in identity, and meaningful activity must be acknowledged and incorporated into the design and evaluation of public services, and policy and service reforms. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25402612

Patterson, Michelle L; Currie, Lauren; Rezansoff, Stefanie; Somers, Julian M

2014-11-17

416

The relationship between spiritual resources and life attitudes of African American homeless women.  

PubMed

Little is known about the relationships between spiritual resources and life attitudes of homeless African American women. Spiritual resources may serve as protective factors for women leaving homelessness. This descriptive study examines spiritual resources, life attitudes, and selected demographics of 160 African American women who were homeless in the Midwestern United States. Participants ranged in age from 30-62 years of age and reported being homeless 1-9 times, with a mean of 1.94 (SD = 1.53) times. The authors draw inferences for how spiritual resources and life attitudes can influence women's efforts to leave homelessness and identify implications for nursing practice. PMID:24702208

Gash, Jean; Washington, Olivia G M; Moxley, David P; Feen-Calligan, Holly

2014-04-01

417

National Resource Center on Homelessness and Mental Illness  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Operated by a private research firm under contract to the Center for Mental Health Services (CMHS) of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the National Resource Center on Homelessness and Mental Illness serves as a clearinghouse for technical assistance and research information. Included here are comprehensive, well-annotated national listings of organizations concerned with mental health, housing and homelessness, as well as housing-related technical assistance resources. The site also provides an "extensive bibliographic database on homelessness and mental illness" broken down by subject; a listing of research monographs and papers commissioned by the center, some of which may be accessed online; an annotated directory of online resources; information about technical assistance given by the Center to professionals in the field; and selected posted articles from issues of Access, a periodic information letter to the field.

418

Permanent supportive housing: addressing homelessness and health disparities?  

PubMed

Permanent supportive housing (PSH) is an intervention to address long-term homelessness. Evidence has resulted in a shift in US policy toward using PSH rather than shelters and transitional housing. Despite recognizing that individuals transitioning from homelessness to PSH experience a high burden of disease and health disparities, public health research has not considered whether and how PSH improves physical health outcomes. Based on diverse areas of research, we argue that in addition to improved access to quality health care, social determinants of health (including housing itself, neighborhood characteristics, and built environment) affect health outcomes. We identify implications for practice and research, and conclude that federal and local efforts to end long-term homelessness can interact with concurrent efforts to build healthy communities. PMID:24148031

Henwood, Benjamin F; Cabassa, Leopoldo J; Craig, Catherine M; Padgett, Deborah K

2013-12-01

419

Receipt of disability through an outreach program for homeless veterans.  

PubMed

Receipt of public support payments is associated with beneficial outcomes for homeless people with mental illness. The purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with receipt of Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) pension and compensation benefits among homeless veterans after their initial contact with the VA national homeless outreach program. We examined data for 5731 veterans who were contacted by the program during the first 3 months of fiscal year 2003 and who were not receiving VA benefits, and we documented their benefit status over a minimum of 18 months. A limited number of veterans (15%) were subsequently awarded benefits; they were more likely to have reported recent use of VA services and a greater number of medical and psychiatric problems at the time of outreach. Findings suggest that VA benefit outreach efforts may gain from increased focus on those most vulnerable and most on the outskirts of the VA system. PMID:17521090

Chen, Joyce H; Rosenheck, Robert A; Kasprow, Wesley J; Greenberg, Greg

2007-05-01

420

Closing a front door to homelessness among veterans.  

PubMed

The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has been identified as a mainstream institution to help prevent homelessness among America's veterans. The large numbers of incarcerated veterans with serious mental illnesses and substance abuse disorders who are at risk for homelessness support the need for expanded VA outreach to this population. Since 2002, the VA has contacted almost 6,500 veterans in prison or jail. Its leadership role in affording comprehensive health, mental health, social resources, corrections outreach, and current policy and planning strategies positions the VA to provide system wide service to veterans leaving correctional institutions. As this VA outreach program proceeds, examining the links among program assumptions, veteran needs and outcomes, and existing evaluation processes can help to maintain focus on homelessness prevention strategies. PMID:17549637

McGuire, James

2007-07-01

421

The HIV Risk Reduction Needs of Homeless Women in Los Angeles  

PubMed Central

Background Substance use, housing instability, and transactional sex all contribute to HIV risk engagement among homeless women. Because of the increased risk of HIV among homeless women, this study sought to understand the context of sexual behaviors and condom use among homeless women and elucidate modifiable factors that can be targeted by interventions. Methods Homeless women (n = 45) participated in focus groups (n = 6) at shelters throughout Los Angeles County. Thematic analyses revealed that similar to other high-risk women, homeless women engage in sex with multiple types of partners (steady, casual, and transactional). Findings Our findings indicate that, similar to use among other high-risk women, condom use by homeless women varied by type of partner. Substance use also contributed to condom non-use. In a departure from previous research, homeless women reported overarching feelings of hopelessness. Participants spoke of hopelessness contributing to risk engagement, specifically the number of ongoing stressors experienced because of homelessness contributing to despair. Without acknowledgement of this unique quality of homelessness, women felt their risk reduction needs would never truly be understood. Conclusions Interventions involving homeless women should include self-esteem building, acknowledgment and use of inherent resilience qualities gained during homelessness, respect for current knowledge and skills, and an exploration of when women choose to trust their partners and how they make safer sex choices. PMID:23541392

Cederbaum, Julie A.; Wenzel, Suzanne L.; Gilbert, Mary Lou; Chereji, Elizabeth

2013-01-01

422

Twenty-Five Years of Child and Family Homelessness: Where Are We Now?  

PubMed Central

Family homelessness emerged as a major social and public health problem in the United States during the 1980s. We reviewed the literature, including journal articles, news stories, and government reports, that described conditions associated with family homelessness, the scope of the problem, and the health and mental health of homeless children and families. Much of this literature was published during the 1980s and 1990s. This raises questions about its continued applicability for the public health community. We concluded that descriptions of the economic conditions and public policies associated with family homelessness are still relevant; however, the homeless family population has changed over time. Family homelessness has become more prevalent and pervasive among poor and low-income families. We provide public health recommendations for these homeless families. PMID:24148055

Gracy, Delaney; Goldsmith, Grifin; Shapiro, Alan; Redlener, Irwin E.

2013-01-01

423

Street outreach and other forms of engagement with literally homeless veterans.  

PubMed

Street outreach is one of the most direct methods of engaging homeless individuals, but the characteristics of those most likely to be engaged this way is not well-understood. Data from the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Homeless Operations Management and Evaluation System showed that of the 70,778 literally homeless veterans engaged in VA homeless services in 2011-2012, 12% were through street outreach while the majority was through provider referrals (41%) and self-referrals (28%). Veterans engaged through street outreach had more extensive histories of recent homelessness, were more likely to be chronically homeless, and were more likely to be referred and admitted to the VA's supported housing program than other veterans. These findings suggest street outreach is an especially important approach to engaging chronic street homeless veterans in services and linking them to permanent supported housing. PMID:24858879

Tsai, Jack; Kasprow, Wesley J; Kane, Vincent; Rosenheck, Robert A

2014-05-01

424

Drug and Alcohol Use Among Homeless Older AdultsPredictors of Reported Current and Lifetime Substance Misuse Problems in a National Sample  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from the National Survey of Homeless Assistance Providers and Clients (NSHAPC), predictors of current alcohol and drug misuse problems among homeless, previously homeless, and marginally housed older adults are identified. Childhood sexual assault, victimization, and neglect, being male, being younger, being homeless or previously homeless, being a minority, and having income below US$499 per month increased the odds

Tracy L. Dietz

2009-01-01

425

Does context matter? Examining the mental health among homeless people.  

PubMed

While much research has focused on the impact community has on health and wellbeing of domiciled populations, limited research has explored the same for homeless people. Using multivariate models, this research explores what factors are related to depressive symptomatology among homeless people living in two distinctly different communities. Results suggest that context matters, but not for every circumstance examined in these models. While some variables exhibit a consistent relationship with depressive symptoms, the role of social capital is noted as particularly important to lowering symptomatology, yet its impact differs significantly by location. PMID:24952424

Fitzpatrick, Kevin; Myrstol, Brad A; Miller, Elizabeth

2015-02-01

426

Sources of Psychological Pain and Suicidal Thoughts Among Homeless Adults.  

PubMed

Homeless adults experience problems in multiple areas of their lives. It was hypothesized that adults who were troubled by problems in more areas of their lives would be more likely to report suicidal thoughts. The sample included 457 homeless men and women who resided in three emergency shelters. The number of sources of psychological pain, past suicide attempts, and being a man predicted current suicidal thoughts, but being diagnosed with a depressive disorder did not. Shelter workers should ask adults whether they have attempted suicide in the past and how troubled they are by each area of their lives. PMID:25255999

Coohey, Carol; Easton, Scott D; Kong, Jooyoung; Bockenstedt, Julie K W

2014-09-25

427

Risk of death among homeless women: a cohort study and review of the literature  

PubMed Central

Background Homeless people are at high risk for illness and have higher death rates than the general population. Patterns of mortality among homeless men have been investigated, but less attention has been given to mortality rates among homeless women. We report mortality rates and causes of death in a cohort of women who used homeless shelters in Toronto. We also compare our results with those of other published studies of homeless women and with data for women in the general population. Methods A cohort of 1981 women not accompanied by dependent children who used homeless shelters in Toronto in 1995 was observed for death over a mean of 2.6 years. In addition, we analyzed data from published studies of mortality rates among homeless women in 6 other cities (Montreal, Copenhagen, Boston, New York, Philadelphia and Brighton, UK). Results In Toronto, mortality rates were 515 per 100 000 person-years among homeless women 18–44 years of age and 438 per 100 000 person-years among those 45–64 years of age. Homeless women 18–44 years of age were 10 times more likely to die than women in the general population of Toronto. In studies from a total of 7 cities, the risk of death among homeless women was greater than that among women in the general population by a factor of 4.6 to 31.2 in the younger age group and 1.0 to 2.0 in the older age group. In 6 of the 7 cities, the mortality rates among younger homeless women and younger homeless men were not significantly different. In contrast, in 4 of the 6 cities, the mortality rates were significantly lower among older homeless women than among older homeless men. Interpretation Excess mortality is far greater among homeless women under age 45 years than among older homeless women. Mortality rates among younger homeless women often approach or equal those of younger homeless men. Efforts to reduce deaths of homeless women should focus on those under age 45. PMID:15078846

Cheung, Angela M.; Hwang, Stephen W.

2004-01-01

428

Youth Asset Mapping: Showcasing Youth Empowerment and Positive Youth-Adult Partnerships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Youth and adult partners participated in youth asset mapping, a form of action research, to assess community assets and youth involvement opportunities. Qualitative data were analyzed to examine youths' feelings of empowerment and experiences with adult partners. Asset mapping contributed to youth empowerment, especially when adults were engaging…

Handy, Deborah J.; Rodgers, Kathleen Boyce; Schwieterman, Tiffany Anne

2011-01-01

429

Recognizing the Needs of the Homeless and the Hungry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication describes services of selected American Red Cross chapters to the homeless and the hungry. Chapter profiles provide information on how chapters of various sizes develop, fund, and implement programs in response to their communities' needs. Program descriptions detail the chapters' fund-raising from private, public, and voluntary…

France, Joseph B.

430

Literacy Training for the Homeless: Guidelines for Effective Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guidebook is based on telephone interviews, conducted in April and May 1989, with the staff of 19 homeless shelters in California, Delaware, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, Oklahoma, Texas, and Tennessee, site visits at eight New York State shelter programs, and a review of the research on literacy training for…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Adult and Continuing Education Program Development.

431

Responding to the Needs of the Homeless and Hungry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the Hotels-Motels in Partnership Program, a human services resource sponsored by the Red Cross and other organizations to respond to housing needs of the homeless, disaster victims, and others in need of emergency assistance. The partnership program involves several hundred businesses in more than 240 communities. Since its…

American National Red Cross, Washington, DC.

432

Homeless Education Project 1996-97. Scope of Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The documents in this collection relate to the Homeless Education Project conducted in the elementary and secondary schools of the West Contra Costa Unified School District (California). The first document is a chart describing the project and its main goals: (1) an accelerated curriculum in reading and mathematics; (2) effective procedures for…

West Contra Costa Unified School District, CA.

433

Association of Childhood Abuse with Homeless Women's Social Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Childhood abuse has been linked to negative sequelae for women later in life including drug and alcohol use and violence as victim or perpetrator and may also affect the development of women's social networks. Childhood abuse is prevalent among at-risk populations of women (such as the homeless) and thus may have a stronger impact on…

Green, Harold D., Jr.; Tucker, Joan S.; Wenzel, Suzanne L.; Golinelli, Daniela; Kennedy, David P.; Ryan, Gery W.; Zhou, Annie J.

2012-01-01

434

Multidimensional Networking: A Response to the Needs of Homeless Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Draws on models of social networking to present findings from a six-year study of homeless families who received treatment at the Salvation Army Lodge in St. Louis, Missouri. Presents a four-stage model of treatment: the crisis, stabilization, relocation, and follow-up stages. (Author/ABB)

Hutchison, William J.; And Others

1986-01-01

435

Homelessness among female veterans: a systematic review of the literature.  

PubMed

The authors conducted a systematic, critical review of the literature to assess and summarize existing research on homelessness among female veterans. They searched seven electronic databases (ERIC, Proquest Dissertations and Theses, PsycINFO, PubMed, Social Services Abstracts, Social Science Citation Index, and Sociological Abstracts), websites of several government and research organizations, and reference lists of prior studies. They abstracted data on study design, funding source, and topic from studies meeting inclusion criteria and classified each study into one of the following categories: epidemiology, health and other services utilization, and interventions. The authors included both experimental and observational studies of interventions in the review and performed a narrative synthesis for each of the 26 studies identified. No studies were experimental, 20 were observational, and the remainder were either qualitative or descriptive. Of the 26 identified studies, 14 were epidemiologic, 7 focused on the health and additional service utilization, and 5 were intervention studies. Findings provided important baseline epidemiologic information about homelessness among female veterans and indicated that female veterans were at an increased risk of homelessness relative to their male veteran and female non-veteran counterparts. Additional research is needed to develop and implement effective, evidence-based programs to prevent and end homelessness among women veterans. PMID:23937730

Byrne, Thomas; Montgomery, Ann Elizabeth; Dichter, Melissa E

2013-01-01

436

A Preliminary Classification System for Homeless Veterans With Mental Illness  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was that of defining psychiatric profiles among veterans based on a structured interview of 3,595 individuals administered by outreach mental health clinicians to individuals who were presently or recently homeless. The interview included ratings of presence or absence of current psychiatric disorders; alcoholism, drug abuse, psychosis, mood disorders, personality disorders, PTSD, and adjustment disorders. We

Gerald Goldstein; James F. Luther; Aaron M. Jacoby; Gretchen L. Haas; Adam J. Gordon

2008-01-01

437

Planning services for the homeless in the San Francisco peninsula.  

PubMed

A survey of clients seeking homeless services at agencies in the SF Peninsula, indicates that a disproportionate percentage are minority group members (African American and Hispanic) and veterans, and points to the need for integrated housing, social services, and health care for this vulnerable population. PMID:17982204

Osterberg, Lars G; Barr, Donald A

2007-11-01

438

The Dynamics of Violence and Homelessness among Young Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Violence is one of the most prevalent elements in the lives of homeless families with young children. This violence may come in various forms: domestic violence, street violence, violence in one's childhood, witnessing violence, and other avenues and modes. Violence disrupts the normal bonding between parent and child. It isolates and degrades…

Swick, Kevin James

2008-01-01

439

The Door's Open: Educating Students Who Are Homeless  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most often, homeless students are members of minority groups who have attended several schools during their school career, are from single-parent households, and have histories of irregular school attendance. These students also frequently suffer from physical and mental challenges that are rooted in poverty, lack access to medical care, and have…

Delmore, Patrick

2004-01-01

440

Homelessness in Urban America: A Review of the Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the 1980s, homelessness attracted considerable attention from the media, advocates, politicians, and the public. Virtually every sector of society and the government responded. Interest in the issue has waned considerably since then, but the problem continues growing, particularly in large urban areas. While public policies address the problem,…

Sommer, Heidi

441

Serving the Homeless through Recreation Programs. Research Update.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Literature review examines problems faced by homeless adults and children and discusses how recreation programs can serve them. The recreation and leisure profession can offer to the healthy child development through play and recreation, physical fitness, stress management, socialization, opportunities to learn goal-setting, self-esteem building,…

Kunstler, Robin

1993-01-01

442

Targeted Interventions for Homeless Children at a Therapeutic Nursery  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

PACT: Helping Children with Special Needs, an affiliate of the Kennedy Krieger Institute in Baltimore, Maryland, operates a therapeutic nursery that serves families who have at least one child from birth to 3 years of age, and who are living in a Baltimore City homeless shelter. In partnership with the Martin Luther King Early Head Start Program…

Norris-Shortle, Carole; Melley, Alison H.; Kiser, Laurel J.; Levey, Eric; Cosgrove, Kim; Leviton, Audrey

2006-01-01

443

Materials on the Education of Homeless Children. Updated.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document comprises resource materials on the education of homeless children. It is divided into three parts. Part 1, "Overview," collects publications of the Center for Law and Education, and articles and editorials from "Education Week" and "The New York Times." Part 2, "Relevant Statutes and Regulations," provides materials pertaining to…

Jackson, Shelley

444

Homeless, Street-Involved Emerging Adults: Attitudes toward Substance Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has indicated that a high proportion of homeless emerging adults use substances. This article aims to understand the attitudes of these young adults concerning their substance use and its effect on their lives. A mixed methods study using semistructured interviews and self-report instruments was conducted with 87 emerging adults who…

Thompson, Sanna J.; Barczyk, Amanda N.; Gomez, Rebecca; Dreyer, Lauren; Popham, Amelia

2010-01-01

445

The Jailing of America's Homeless: Evaluating the Rabble Management Thesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors of this article test hypotheses derived from Irwin's rabble management thesis. The analysis uses data from 47,592 interviews conducted with jailed adults in 30 U.S. cities as part of the Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring program. Clearly, homeless persons are overrepresented among those arrested and booked into local jails. Bivariate…

Fitzpatrick, Kevin M.; Myrstol, Brad

2011-01-01

446

Employment and Training for America's Homeless: Best Practices Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a how-to guide to help employment and training agencies tailor their delivery systems to be more effective in training, placing, and retaining homeless individuals in gainful employment. The guide is written from the perspective of an employment and training agency and based largely on the experiences of 63 organizations from…

Beck, Susan Kessler; Trutko, John W.; Isbell, Kellie; Rothstein, Frances; Barnow, Burt S.

447

The Impact of Homelessness and Shelter Life on Family Relationships.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores mothers' perceptions of how homelessness and shelter life affect their family relationships. Participants report increased closeness and interaction with their children, but disruption in disciplinary and provider/caretaker roles. Shelter conditions, mother's emotional state, child's emotional state, temperament, and behavior affect…

Lindsey, Elizabeth W.

1998-01-01

448

Homelessness "Here"? A District Administrator Encounters an Unexpected Challenge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case was developed for use in a variety of leadership courses from contemporary issues to policy analysis or school-community relations. A narrative is presented about a superintendent, Kenny, who is faced with two new cases of student homelessness in his affluent suburban community. Students must consider the federal policy context (the…

Miller, Peter; Pavlakis, Alexandra; Bourgeois, Alexis

2013-01-01

449

A Look at Child Welfare from a Homeless Education Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although navigating the child welfare system can be daunting for those working in the field of homeless education, local liaisons and others must determine whether children in the child welfare system are eligible for McKinney-Vento services and collaborate with child welfare staff. This document provides an overview of the U.S. child welfare…

National Center for Homeless Education at SERVE, 2007

2007-01-01

450

Implementing an Art Program for Children in a Homeless Shelter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a qualitative research study designed to analyze the implementation of an art program for children in a homeless shelter. Using a socio-cultural lens and the framework of resilience theory, teacher researchers implemented community-art programs for children residing in a family emergency shelter. Data collection included…

Heise, Donalyn; MacGillivray, Laurie

2011-01-01

451

An investigation of alcoholic subgroups in the homeless population  

Microsoft Academic Search

A cluster analysis was performed on the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-II (MCMI-II) profiles of homeless alcoholics. Five groups emerged, four of which had been found in previous work. Two groups of sociopaths emerged which differed in the degree to which internal discomfort was experienced. A \\

Alisa Debra Lamnin

1989-01-01

452

CHOICES. A Resource for Literacy Providers and Homeless Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

CHOICES, a literacy program for homeless families, piloted a program at the Women's Emergency Shelter in Champaign, Illinois and later expanded its services to A Woman's Place, a domestic violence shelter, in Urbana, Illinois. The CHOICES program offered weekly language activities for the children and gave mothers information about developing…

Koehler, Gwen; And Others

453

Social networks, time homeless, and social support: A study of men on Skid Row.  

PubMed

Homeless men are frequently unsheltered and isolated, disconnected from supportive organizations and individuals. However, little research has investigated these men's social networks. We investigate the structure and composition of homeless men's social networks, vis-a-vis short- and long-term homelessness with a sample of men drawn randomly from meal lines on Skid Row in Los Angeles. Men continuously homeless for the past six months display networks composed of riskier members when compared to men intermittently homeless during that time. Men who report chronic, long-term homelessness display greater social network fragmentation when compared to non-chronically homeless men. While intermittent homelessness affects network composition in ways that may be addressable with existing interventions, chronic homelessness fragments networks, which may be more difficult to address with those interventions. These findings have implications for access to social support from network members which, in turn, impacts the resources homeless men require from other sources such as the government or NGOs. PMID:24466427

Green, Harold D; Tucker, Joan S; Golinelli, Daniela; Wenzel, Suzanne L

2013-12-18

454

Community-Level Characteristics Associated With Variation in Rates of Homelessness Among Families and Single Adults  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We modeled rates of family and single-adult homelessness in the United States in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan regions and as a function of community-level demographic, behavioral, health, economic, and safety net characteristics. Methods. We entered community-level characteristics and US Department of Housing and Urban Development point-in-time counts for a single night in January 2009 into separate mixed-effects statistical analyses that modeled homelessness rates for 4 subpopulations: families and single adults in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan regions. Results. Community-level factors accounted for 25% to 50% of the variance in homelessness rates across models. In metropolitan regions, alcohol consumption, social support, and several economic indicators were uniquely associated with family homelessness, and drug use and homicide were uniquely associated with single-adult homelessness. In nonmetropolitan regions, life expectancy, religious adherence, unemployment, and rent burden were uniquely associated with family homelessness, and health care access, crime, several economic indicators, and receipt of Supplemental Security Income were uniquely associated with single-adult homelessness. Conclusions. Considering homeless families and single adults separately enabled more precise modeling of associations between homelessness rates and community-level characteristics, indicating targets for interventions to reduce homelessness among these subpopulations. PMID:24148057

Fargo, Jamison D.; Munley, Ellen A.; Byrne, Thomas H.; Montgomery, Ann Elizabeth; Culhane, Dennis P.

2013-01-01

455

Exploring the experiences of violence among individuals who are homeless using a consumer-led approach.  

PubMed

Homelessness increases vulnerability to violence victimization; however, the precise factors associated with victimization and injury are not clearly understood. Thus, this study explores the prevalence of and characteristics associated with violence victimization among homeless individuals by surveying approximately 500 individuals experiencing homelessness in 5 cities across the United States. Our findings reveal that nearly one-half of our sample reported experiencing violence and that prolonged duration of homelessness (greater than 2 years) and being older increased the risk of experiencing a violent attack. In addition, increased length of homelessness and female gender predicted experiencing rape. Women were also significantly more likely to know one's perpetrator and experience continued suffering after a violent attack. We conclude that certain subpopulations within the homeless population are at an increased risk for victimization and, subsequently, require added protective services; implications for health care and policy recommendations are also discussed. PMID:24672998

Meinbresse, Molly; Brinkley-Rubinstein, Lauren; Grassette, Amy; Benson, Joseph; Hamilton, Reginald; Malott, Marianne; Jenkins, Darlene

2014-01-01

456

Exploring opportunities for healthy aging among older persons with a history of homelessness in Toronto, Canada.  

PubMed

Within the areas of literature on both population aging and health and homelessness, little attention has been given to the opportunities and barriers to healthy aging among older persons with a history of homelessness. Set in the context of inner-city Toronto, Canada, this article reports on the findings from qualitative interviews with 29 formerly homeless older persons. The findings illustrate participants' experiences of positive health change since moving into a stable housing environment and the aspects of housing they perceive to have improved their health and wellbeing. The qualitative findings also draw attention to the ongoing barriers to healthy aging that can be experienced among older persons with a history of homelessness. Overall, this study draws on the lived experiences of formerly homeless older persons to offer a better understanding of the long-term effects of homelessness on health, wellbeing, and aging. PMID:25616194

Waldbrook, Natalie

2015-03-01

457

Programmatic Impact of 5 Years of Mortality Surveillance of New York City Homeless Populations  

PubMed Central

A homeless mortality surveillance system identifies emerging trends in the health of the homeless population and provides this information to key stakeholders in a timely and ongoing manner to effect evidence-based, programmatic change. We describe the first 5 years of the New York City homeless mortality surveillance system and, for the first time in peer-reviewed literature, illustrate the impact of key elements of sustained surveillance (i.e., timely dissemination of aggregate mortality data and real-time sharing of information on individual homeless decedents) on the programs of New York City’s Department of Homeless Services. These key elements had a positive impact on the department’s programs that target sleep-related infant deaths and hypothermia, drug overdose, and alcohol-related deaths among homeless persons. PMID:24148068

Marder, Dova; Begier, Elizabeth; Gutkovich, Alexander; Mos, Robert; Griffin, Angela; Zimmerman, Regina; Madsen, Ann

2013-01-01

458

Youth Crime Drop. Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines the recent drop in violent crime in the United States, discussing how much of the decrease seen between 1995-99 is attributable to juveniles (under age 18 years) and older youth (18-24 years). Analysis of current FBI arrest data indicates that not only did America's violent crime drop continue through 1999, but falling youth

Butts, Jeffrey A.

459

Sexual Victimization of Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An estimated 7.0% to 8.1% of American youth report being sexually victimized at some point in their life time. This article presents a background to youth sexual victimization, focusing on prevalence data, challenging issues when studying this problem, risk factors, and common characteristics of perpetrators. Additionally, a type of sexual…

Small, Kevonne; Zweig, Janine M.

2007-01-01

460

Youth Development: An Update.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue provides information on recent publications and resources on outcomes for teenagers in families receiving or transitioning off the welfare rolls and in innovative youth development programs for those and other at-risk youth. Thirteen publications are listed for additional information. A list of 17 Web sites for more information is…

Resources for Welfare Decisions, 2002

2002-01-01

461

Runaway Youth Program Directory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This directory provides a state-by-state listing of 212 runaway programs which exist, for the most part, outside the juvenile justice system and serve primarily the self-referred runaway and "throwaway" youth. The directory is designed to aid those persons seeking appropriate referrals for youth in need of crisis shelter as well as those…

New England Association for the Education of Young Children, Springvale, ME.

462

Youth Exploring Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This session features Youth Exploring Science (YES), Saint Louis Science Center's nationally recognized work-based teen development program. In YES, underserved audiences develop interest and understanding in physics through design engineering projects. I will discuss breaking down barriers, helping youth develop skills, and partnering with community organizations, universities and engineering firms.

Miller, Diane

2008-04-01

463

Holocaust Youth and Creativity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As Holocaust study for youth becomes integrated into the U.S. educational structure, educators throughout the country are going to need resources that combine history and humanity to convey to young people the impact of tragedy and violence that World War II and the Holocaust had on the youth of a particular time in the 20th century. This paper…

Clark, Joanna

464

Education, Economics & Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

YOUTH DARES (Dynamic Alternatives for Rehabilitation through Educational Services) is a program that services a variety of communities located primarily in Brooklyn, New York. It was founded on the belief that the problems facing young students require alternative and imaginative solutions. YOUTH DARES believes there are three major environments…

Blancero, Douglas

465

Drug-Abusing Homeless Clients in California's Substance Abuse Treatment System  

Microsoft Academic Search

As many as one-half to three-fourths of homeless persons have diagnoses of alcohol or other drug dependence. Rates of alcohol and other drug use disorders, and the social costs associated with untreated substance disorder, are higher among homeless than nonhomeless persons. Despite the high level of need for treatment, relatively few substance-abusing homeless individuals receive treatment for their drug problems,

Suzanne L. Wenzel; Patricia A. Ebener; Paul Koegel; Lillian Gelberg

1996-01-01

466

Characteristics of emergency department visits by older versus younger homeless adults in the United States  

PubMed Central

Objectives Homeless adults age 50 and older experience premature onset of chronic illnesses and geriatric conditions, and use the emergency department (ED) at high rates. Although the proportion of the homeless population age 50 and older is increasing, little is known about ED use among older homeless adults. Methods To identify characteristics of ED visits among older compared to younger homeless adults, we analyzed data from the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey for 2005-2009, a nationally representative survey of visits to hospitals and EDs. We used sampling weights, strata, and clustering variables to obtain nationally representative estimates. Results Homeless adults age 50 and older had 200,999 ED visits each year, accounting for 36% of visits by homeless patients. While demographic characteristics of ED visits (sex, race/ethnicity and geographic distribution) were similar in older compared to younger homeless adults, clinical and health services characteristics differed. Compared to their younger counterparts, older homeless adults had fewer discharge diagnoses related to psychiatric conditions (10% vs 20%, p=.002) and drug abuse (7% vs 15%, p=.003), but more diagnoses related to alcohol abuse (31% vs 23%, p=.03). Older homeless adults were also more likely to arrive by ambulance (48% vs 36%, p=.02) and to be admitted to the hospital (20% vs 11%, p=.003). Conclusions Older homeless adults have unique patterns of ED care compared to younger homeless adults. Health care systems need to account for these differences in use of the ED in order to meet the needs of the aging homeless population. PMID:23597348

Brown, Rebecca T.; Steinman, Michael A.

2014-01-01

467

Lessons Learned from a Quality Improvement Intervention with Homeless Veteran Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homeless veterans are a vulnerable population, with high mortality and morbidity rates. Evidence-based practices for homelessness have been challenging to implement. This study engaged staff members from three VA homeless programs to improve their quality using Getting-To-Outcomes (GTO), a model and intervention of trainings and technical assistance that builds practitioner capacity to plan, implement, and self-evaluate evidence-based practices. Primarily used

Matthew Chinman; Gordon Hannah; Sharon McCarthy

2012-01-01

468

Coming Home: Health Status and Homelessness Risk of Older Prerelease Prisoners  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND  Older adults comprise an increasing proportion of the prison and homeless populations. While older age is associated with\\u000a adverse post-release health events and incarceration is a risk factor for homelessness, the health status and homelessness\\u000a risk of older pre-release prisoners are unknown. Moreover, most post-release services are geared towards veterans; it is unknown\\u000a whether the needs of non-veterans differ from

Brie A. Williams; James McGuire; Rebecca G. Lindsay; Jacques Baillargeon; Irena Stijacic Cenzer; Sei J. Lee; Margot Kushel

2010-01-01

469

Homelessness in the United States: Assessing Changes in Prevalence and Public Opinion, 1993–2001  

Microsoft Academic Search

A national survey was administered in 1993–1994 (N = 360) and repeated in 2001 (N = 435) to assess the prevalence of homelessness as well as attitudes, opinions and knowledge regarding homelessness. No significant\\u000a changes in prevalence were found, despite a strong US economy during most of the 7–8 year period. Respondents in 2001 had\\u000a less stereotyped views of homeless

Carolyn J. Tompsett; Paul A. Toro; Melissa Guzicki; Manuel Manrique; Jigna Zatakia

2006-01-01

470

Enlighten Me, Don't Lose Me: Homeless Youth and the Education System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

America is called the "Land of Opportunity." Popular stories help to develop and perpetuate a mental model that says anyone can make anything of themselves. Education is promoted as the great equalizer; it is believed that anyone can go to high school in the United States, and even to college if they try hard enough. This mental model is…

Norum, Karen E.

471

Paradoxes of Providing Rural Social Services: The Case of Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Economic and demographic changes in rural areas continue to introduce big-city problems in small towns. These communities' ability and willingness to respond are likely to be influenced by the geography, culture, and array of organizations in rural places. But how these characteristics of rural places shape local response is hard to predict and as…

Edwards, Mark Evan; Torgerson, Melissa; Sattem, Jennifer

2009-01-01

472

Exploring patterns in resource utilization prior to the formal identification of homelessness in recently returned veterans.  

PubMed

There are limited data on resources utilized by US Veterans prior to their identification as being homeless. We performed visual analytics on longitudinal medical encounter data prior to the official recognition of homelessness in a large cohort of OEF/OIF Veterans. A statistically significant increase in numbers of several categories of visits in the immediate 30 days prior to the recognition of homelessness was noted as compared to an earlier period. This finding has the potential to inform prediction algorithms based on structured data with a view to intervention and mitigation of homelessness among Veterans. PMID:25000067

Gundlapalli, Adi V; Redd, Andrew; Carter, Marjorie E; Palmer, Miland; Peterson, Rachel; Samore, Matthew H

2014-01-01

473

78 FR 48543 - Veterans Health Administration Fund Availability Under the VA's Homeless Providers Grant and Per...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS Veterans Health Administration Fund Availability Under the VA's Homeless Providers Grant and Per Diem Program AGENCY: Department of Veterans Affairs. ACTION: Notice...

2013-08-08

474

Use of outpatient mental health services by homeless veterans after hurricanes.  

PubMed

Little is known about the impact of hurricanes on people who are homeless at the time a disaster occurs. Although researchers have extensively studied the psychosocial consequences of disaster produced homelessness on the general population, efforts focused on understanding how homeless people fare have been limited to a few media reports and the gray literature. In the event of a hurricane, homeless veterans may be at increased risk for negative outcomes because of their cumulative vulnerabilities. Health care statistics consistently document that homeless veterans experience higher rates of medical, emotional, substance abuse, legal, and financial problems compared with the general population. This study used the 2004 to 2006 Veterans Health Administration (VHA) Outpatient Medical Dataset to examine the effects of hurricanes on use of outpatient mental health services by homeless veterans. Homeless veterans residing in hurricane-affected counties were significantly more likely to participate in group psychotherapy (32.4% vs. 13.4%, p < .002), but less likely to participate in individual 30-40-min sessions with medical evaluations (3.5% vs. 17.3%, p < .001). The study findings have implications for homeless programs and the provision of VHA mental health services to homeless veterans postdisaster. PMID:23398090

Brown, Lisa M; Barnett, Scott; Hickling, Edward; Frahm, Kathryn; Campbell, Robert R; Olney, Ronald; Schinka, John A; Casey, Roger

2013-05-01

475

Homeless patients' use of urban emergency departments in the United States.  

PubMed

Data from the 2009-2010 National Hospital Ambulatory Care Survey-Emergency Department were used to compare homeless patients' utilization of the urban emergency department (ED) in the United States with nonhomeless patients and to examine the relationship between homelessness and demographics and ED utilization measures. The weighted sample size was 200 645 347. A total of 1 302 256 patients (0.65%) were homeless. Homeless patients were significantly more likely to be older, male, have self-pay, have no charge/charity or other as payment type, arrive via ambulance, have a longer ED visit, and a past visit to the same ED in the last year. PMID:25469578

Coe, Antoinette B; Moczygemba, Leticia R; Harpe, Spencer E; Gatewood, Sharon B S

2015-01-01

476

Marketing to the marginalised: tobacco industry targeting of the homeless and mentally ill  

PubMed Central

Objectives: To describe the tobacco industry's relationships with and influence on homeless and mentally ill smokers and organisations providing services to them. Methods: Analysis of internal tobacco industry documents and journal articles. Results: The tobacco industry has marketed cigarettes to the homeless and seriously mentally ill, part of its "downscale" market, and has developed relationships with homeless shelters and advocacy groups, gaining positive media coverage and political support. Discussion: Tobacco control advocates and public health organisations should consider how to target programmes to homeless and seriously mentally ill individuals. Education of service providers about tobacco industry efforts to cultivate this market may help in reducing smoking in these populations. PMID:16319365

Apollonio, D; Malone, R

2005-01-01

477

Homelessness During Pregnancy: A Unique, Time-Dependent Risk Factor of Birth Outcomes.  

PubMed

Evaluate homelessness during pregnancy as a unique, time-dependent risk factor for adverse birth outcomes. 9,995 mothers of children <48 months old surveyed at emergency departments and primary care clinics in five US cities. Mothers were classified as either homeless during pregnancy with the index child, homeless only after the index child's birth, or consistently housed. Outcomes included birth weight as a continuous variable, as well as categorical outcomes of low birth weight (LBW; <2,500 g) and preterm delivery (<37 weeks). Multiple logistic regression and adjusted linear regression analyses were performed, comparing prenatal and postnatal homelessness with the referent group of consistently housed mothers, controlling for maternal demographic characteristics, smoking, and child age at interview. Prenatal homelessness was associated with higher adjusted odds of LBW (AOR 1.43, 95 % CI 1.14, 1.80, p < 0.01) and preterm delivery (AOR 1.24, 95 % CI 0.98, 1.56, p = 0.08), and a 53 g lower adjusted mean birth weight (p = 0.08). Postnatal homelessness was not associated with these outcomes. Prenatal homelessness is an independent risk factor for LBW, rather than merely a marker of adverse maternal and social characteristics associated with homelessness. Targeted interventions to provide housing and health care to homeless women during pregnancy may result in improved birth outcomes. PMID:25404405

Cutts, Diana B; Coleman, Sharon; Black, Maureen M; Chilton, Mariana M; Cook, John T; de Cuba, Stephanie Ettinger; Heeren, Timothy C; Meyers, Alan; Sandel, Megan; Casey, Patrick H; Frank, Deborah A

2014-11-18

478

Assessing the need for a medical respite: perceptions of service providers and homeless persons.  

PubMed

For homeless persons, posthospitalization care is increasingly provided in formal medical respite programs, and their success is now reported in the literature. However, there is a dearth of literature on posthospitalization transitional care for homeless persons in the absence of a respite program. Through this formative study, we sought to understand the process of securing posthospitalization care in the absence of a formal homeless medical respite. Results demonstrated a de facto patchwork respite process that has emerged. We describe both human and monetary costs associated with patchwork respite and demonstrate opportunities for improvement in homeless health care transitions. PMID:25051320

Biederman, Donna J; Gamble, Julia; Manson, Marigny; Taylor, Destry

2014-01-01

479

Evidence for Site-Specific, Systematic Adaptation of Substance Prevention Curriculum With High Risk Youth in Community and Alternative School Settings.  

PubMed

The problem of substance use among older youth is of great concern, but has received little attention in prevention research. This may be due to the perception that prevention programming is developmentally inappropriate for older youth who are actively experimenting with substances. This project examined the differential effectiveness of youth-driven adaptations of the evidence-based prevention program, keepin' it REAL (KiR). The participating sites included a juvenile justice day program, a homeless shelter, four alternative high schools, low-income housing programs, an LGBTQ youth center, and a youth group on the Texas-Mexico border. In the project's first phase, high risk youth in community settings tailored KiR workbooks and videos to increase the relevance for their peers, older adolescents who are likely to have already initiated drug use. The second phase of the study, discussed here in detail, evaluates the effectiveness of the adapted versions of KiR compared with the original version and a comparison condition. The study employed a quasi-experimental pretest posttest design with a 6-week follow-up. Youth also participated in focus groups. Both qualitative and quantitative data suggest that participants receiving the adapted version of the curriculum experienced greater improvement in acceptance and use of substances than youth in the other two groups. PMID:25221419

Holleran Steiker, Lori K; Hopson, Laura M; Goldbach, Jeremy T; Robinson, Charletta

2014-09-01

480

The illusions and juxtapositions of commercial sexual exploitation among youth: identifying effective street-outreach strategies.  

PubMed

To explore sexually exploited youths' perspectives of how street outreach workers can effectively provide outreach and connections to services, we conducted qualitative interviews with 13 female participants, ages 14 to 22, in a Midwest U.S. city. Participants reported multiple types of exploitation, most first exploited by age 13, plus substance use and recurrent homelessness. Nearly all had a pimp, and all used the internet as a venue for sexual exploitation. Participants wanted outreach workers to use "soft words" to refer to exploitation. They expressed contradictory images of their "boyfriend" pimps and their exploitation. They wanted outreach workers to "provide resources," "be nonjudgmental," "listen," and "care." Street outreach can be one way to support sexually exploited youth but should occur in multiple settings. PMID:23590353

Holger-Ambrose, Beth; Langmade, Cheree; Edinburgh, Laurel D; Saewyc, Elizabeth

2013-01-01

481

Hearing handicap among adult residents of an urban homeless shelter.  

PubMed

This retrospective study was undertaken to identify the prevalence of hearing loss in the homeless population and its implications for vocational rehabilitation. Audiometric threshold data for adult residents of an urban homeless shelter were collected and reported. Subjects with hearing loss were identified and defined by their binaural high-frequency pure tone average (B-HFPTA). Those subjects were assigned a predicted Hearing Handicap Inventory for Adults-Screener (HHIA-S) score. Their HHIA-S scores, in turn, were used to predict hearing handicap and hearing aid candidacy. Significant hearing handicap was predicted for 35.6% of subjects; 10.6% were identified as hearing aid candidates. These findings have implications for vocational rehabilitation that have not been previously addressed. PMID:17337805

Saccone, Patricia A; Steiger, James R

2007-02-01

482

Towards Cost Effective Initial Care for Substance Abusing Homeless  

PubMed Central

In a randomized controlled trial, behavioral day treatment, including contingency management (CM+), was compared to contingency management components alone (CM). All 206 cocaine dependent, homeless participants received a furnished apartment with food and work training/employment contingent on drug-negative urine tests. CM+ also received cognitive behavioral therapy, therapeutic goal management, and other intervention components. Results revealed that CM+ treatment attendance and abstinence were not significantly different from CM during 24 weeks of treatment. After treatment and contingencies ended, however, CM+ showed more abstinence than CM, indicating a delayed effect of treatment from 6 to 18 months. CM+ had more consecutive weeks abstinent across 52 weeks, but not during active treatment. We conclude that CM alone may be viable as initial care for cocaine dependent homeless persons. That CM+ yields more durable abstinence indicates it may be appropriate as stepped up care for clients not responding to CM. Clinical Trials.gov #NCT00368524 PMID:17512156

Milby, Jesse B.; Schumacher, Joseph E.; Vuchinich, Rudy E.; Freedman, Michelle J.; Kertesz, Stefan; Wallace, Dennis

2009-01-01

483

Sex trade behavior among heterosexually active homeless men.  

PubMed

Sex trade behavior is fairly common among homeless adults and may contribute to higher rates of HIV/AIDS in this population. This study provides a detailed examination of the sex trade-related attitudes and behaviors of homeless men by: (1) determining the prevalence of sex trade-related behaviors, including sex with female sex workers (FSWs); (2) identifying risk factors for having sex with FSWs; and (3) comparing men's relationships with FSWs and non-FSWs in terms of relationship qualities and HIV-related risk behaviors, such as condom use. Structured interviews were conducted with a probability sample of 305 heterosexually active homeless men recruited from meal lines in Los Angeles. Recent sex with a FSW was reported by 26 % of men, and more likely among those who were older, used crack cocaine, had more sex partners, believed that sometimes men just need to have sex no matter what, and were embedded in networks that were denser and where risky sex was more normative. Compared to non-FSW partners, men with FSW partners felt less emotionally close to them, were more likely to believe the partner had never been tested for HIV, and were more likely to have sex with them under the influence of drugs or alcohol; however, they were not more likely to talk about using condoms or to use condoms with FSWs. Whether the relationship was considered "serious" was a stronger correlate of condom use than whether the partner was a FSW. Implications of these findings for HIV prevention efforts among homeless adults are discussed. PMID:23720137

Tucker, Joan S; Wenzel, Suzanne L; Kennedy, David P; Golinelli, Daniela; Ewing, Brett

2013-11-01

484

Sequential validation of cluster analytic subtypes of homeless veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

To identify subgroups within the homeless population, a number of researchers have employed cluster analytic statistical procedures.\\u000a Although this is an appropriate application of cluster analysis, many studies have not employed important statistical safeguards\\u000a against arbitrary results. This study demonstrates a cluster analytic procedure—sequential validation—that enhances the replicability,\\u000a external validity, and cross-validity of cluster solutions. The procedure is applied to

Keith Humphreys; Robert Rosenheck

1995-01-01

485

Comorbidity Between Psychiatric and General Medical Disorders in Homeless Veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homeless veterans have numerous co-occurring medical and behavioral health problems. Identification of common patterns of\\u000a comorbid conditions may help providers to determine severity of medical conditions and triage health care more effectively.\\u000a In this study we identify such patterns of comorbid medical and psychiatric disorders using cluster analysis and we evaluate\\u000a relationships between these patterns and sociodemographic factors. We used

Gerald Goldstein; James F. Luther; Gretchen L. Haas; Adam J. Gordon; Cathleen Appelt

2009-01-01

486

Service-learning and art therapy in a homeless shelter  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes a brief service-learning assignment in which graduate art therapy students at an urban university in the United States worked with children residing in a homeless shelter. The term service-learning refers to the integration of community service into a college course to help students achieve specific learning objectives. In this case, service-learning was intended to supplement an art

Holly Feen-Calligan

2008-01-01

487

Nursing careers for the homeless: a curriculum for success.  

PubMed

The Nursing Careers for Homeless People Project (NCHPP) is a comprehensive multi-dimensional academic and social strategy designed to assist homeless individuals who have an interest and aptitude for nursing to achieve career mobility in nursing. NCHPP is a 2-phase project: (1) a Pre-Admission Readiness Program (PRP) and (2) the Collegiate Phase. The 3-month PRP focuses on socialization to nursing, building self-concept, academic enhancement, and career exploration. The Collegiate Phase includes academic, social, and financial support, as well as assistance with job placement and follow-up. NCHPP has enrolled 96 students to the PRP since 1994 and graduated 70 students or 73%. Fifty-three percent of the PRP graduates were admitted to a Bachelor of Science (BS) or Associate of Science (AS) program in nursing, and 54% of the PRP graduates are employed in health oriented positions. Two students from the first group of PRP graduates are scheduled to receive the degree of Bachelor of Science in Nursing in May 1999. There have not been any graduates from associate degree programs due to part-time attendance, long waiting lists for entry into the nursing program, and transfer of students from the AS program to the BS program. Although there are many challenges and obstacles faced by homeless people, the NCHPP has succeeded in decreasing welfare rolls, unemployment, and poverty. PMID:10188433

Powell, D L; Lee, N T; Nichols, S A; Kamara, P; Sawyer, E M

1999-01-01

488

Physical, addictive, and psychiatric disorders among homeless veterans and nonveterans.  

PubMed Central

A cross-sectional survey of 1,431 homeless adults was conducted during the winter of 1989-90 at three shelters in Santa Clara County, CA, with a 98 percent response rate. Of the 1,008 U.S.-born men, 423, or 42 percent, were veterans, including 173 combat-exposed veterans and 250 noncombat-exposed veterans. There were 585 nonveterans. Both combat and noncombat-exposed veterans were significantly more likely to report excessive alcohol consumption before their initial loss of shelter than were nonveterans. Combat-exposed veterans had the highest prevalences of psychiatric hospitalizations and physical injuries before homelessness, 1.5 to 2 times higher than nonveterans and noncombat-exposed veterans. The length of time between military discharge and initial loss of shelter was longer than a decade for 76 percent of combat-exposed veterans and 50 percent of noncombat-exposed veterans. The extended time from discharge to homelessness suggests that higher prevalences of alcohol consumption, psychiatric hospitalization, and physical injury among veterans, especially those exposed to combat, may not have arisen from military service. It is possible, however, that such disorders may be considerably delayed before becoming serious enough to impact one's family, work, and the availability of shelter. PMID:8434094

Winkleby, M A; Fleshin, D

1993-01-01

489

Comorbidity between psychiatric and general medical disorders in homeless veterans.  

PubMed

Homeless veterans have numerous co-occurring medical and behavioral health problems. Identification of common patterns of comorbid conditions may help providers to determine severity of medical conditions and triage health care more effectively. In this study we identify such patterns of comorbid medical and psychiatric disorders using cluster analysis and we evaluate relationships between these patterns and sociodemographic factors. We used data from a survey of 3,595 veterans in a regional VA network who were presently or recently homeless assessing nine major medical disorder and six psychiatric disorder categories. Diagnostic ratings of presence or absence of these disorders were placed into the same cluster analysis to determine whether separable clusters emerged reflecting differing diagnostic profiles. There are recognizable patterns of comorbidity involving several psychiatric and general medical disorders, as well as disorders of both types that exist independently. Cluster membership was associated with various sociodemographic indices. Mental and general medical health problems in homeless veterans often occur in association with each other and form identifiable patterns that vary on sociodemographic factors. PMID:19597992

Goldstein, Gerald; Luther, James F; Haas, Gretchen L; Gordon, Adam J; Appelt, Cathleen

2009-12-01

490

Efficient Targeting of Homelessness Prevention Services for Families  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We developed and evaluated a model to target homelessness prevention services to families more efficiently. Methods. We followed 11?105 families who applied for community-based services to prevent homelessness in New York City from October 1, 2004, to June 30, 2008, through administrative records, using Cox regression to predict shelter entry. Results. Over 3 years, 12.8% of applicants entered shelter. Both the complete Cox regression and a short screening model based on 15 risk factors derived from it were superior to worker judgments, with substantially higher hit rates at the same level of false alarms. We found no evidence that some families were too risky to be helped or that specific risk factors were particularly amenable to amelioration. Conclusions. Despite some limitations, an empirical risk model can increase the efficiency of homelessness prevention services. Serving the same proportion of applicants but selecting those at highest risk according to the model would have increased correct targeting of families entering shelter by 26% and reduced misses by almost two thirds. Parallel models could be developed elsewhere. PMID:24148041

Shinn, Marybeth; Greer, Andrew L.; Bainbridge, Jay; Kwon, Jonathan; Zuiderveen, Sara

2013-01-01

491

Toward Meeting the Needs of Homeless People with Schizophrenia: The Validity of Quality of Life Measurement  

PubMed Central

Objective To provide new evidence regarding the suitability of using quality of life (QoL) measurements in homeless people with schizophrenia, we assess the acceptability and psychometric properties of a specific QoL instrument (S-QoL 18) in a population of homeless people with schizophrenia, and we compare their QoL levels with those observed in non-homeless people with schizophrenia. Methods This multi-centre prospective study was conducted in the following 4 French cities: Lille, Marseille, Paris and Toulouse. Two hundred and thirty-six homeless patients with schizophrenia were recruited over a 12 month-period. The S-QoL 18 was tested for construct validity, reliability, external validity and sensitivity to change. The QoL of the 236 homeless patients was compared with 236 French age- and sex-matched non-homeless patients with schizophrenia. Results The eight-factor structure of the S-QoL 18 was confirmed by confirmatory factor analysis (RMSEA = 0.035, CFI = 0.95, GFI = 0.99 and SRMR = 0.015). Internal consistency, reliability and sensitivity to change were satisfactory. External validity was confirmed via correlations between S-QoL 18 dimension scores and SF-36, symptomatology and recovery scores. The percentage of missing data did not exceed 5%. Finally, homeless patients had significantly lower QoL levels than non-homeless patients with schizophrenia. Conclusions These results demonstrate the satisfactory acceptability and psychometric properties of the S-QoL 18, suggesting the validity of QoL measurement among homeless patients with schizophrenia. Our study also reported that QoL levels in homeless patients with schizophrenia were dramatically low, highlighting the need for new policies to eradicate homelessness and tackle poverty. PMID:24205390

Auquier, Pascal; Tinland, Aurelie; Fortanier, Cecile; Loundou, Anderson; Baumstarck, Karine; Lancon, Christophe; Boyer, Laurent

2013-01-01

492

Sexual minority youth.  

PubMed

This article provides an overview of the medical and mental health needs of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth population. Information is reviewed regarding both primary medical care and the special health risks that these youth face. Providers are introduced to the concept that societal and internalized homophobia lead directly to certain health disparities, including substance use, school and family rejection, depression, and increased sexually transmitted infection acquisition. This article familiarizes the primary care practitioner with the health care needs of the LGBT population and the research behind the various recommendations for caring for these youth. PMID:25124211

Steever, John; Francis, Jenny; Gordon, Lonna P; Lee, Janet

2014-09-01

493

Factors associated with receipt of pension and compensation benefits for homeless veterans in the VBA/VHA Homeless Outreach Initiative.  

PubMed

Public support payments may facilitate exit from homelessness for persons with mental illness. We examined data from 10,641 homeless veterans contacted from October 1, 1995 to September 30, 2002 in a collaborative outreach program designed to facilitate access to Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) disability benefits. Those who were awarded benefits (22% of contacted veterans) were more likely to report disability, poor to fair self-rated health, and were more likely to have used VA services in the past. Thus, this program achieved only modest success and was most successful with veterans who were already receiving VA services and who might have received benefits even without the outreach effort. PMID:17102933

Chen, Joyce H; Rosenheck, Robert A; Greenberg, Greg A; Seibyl, Catherine

2007-03-01

494

New Ways of Addressing the Psychological Traumas of War: Supplementing Traditional Social Supports to Prevent Homelessness Among Mentally Ill Veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Both nationally and in Rhode Island, there is a high prevalence of veterans in the homeless population. Many homeless veterans suffer from serious mental health issues and military specific traumas, adding to the social stigma they face. To avoid homelessness, veterans need to treat their mental illness with the assistance of their social support networks. Despite incredible advances in technology

LeeAnn Byrne

2009-01-01

495

Implementing Peer-Assisted Case Management to Help Homeless Veterans with Mental Illness Transition to Independent Housing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Formerly homeless mentally ill veterans are at an important crossroads when they move from living in an institutional setting such as a shelter or supportive residential facility to independent living. We hypothesized that peer advisors, veterans with severe mental illness who had been homeless previously, graduated from a Healthcare for Homeless Veterans program, and subsequently maintained independent, stable housing could

Ellen M. Weissman; Nancy H. Covell; Mara Kushner; Julie Irwin; Susan M. Essock

2005-01-01

496

The Continued Illegalization of Compassion: United States v. Millis and its Effects on Humanitarian Work with the Homeless  

Microsoft Academic Search

Every year, more cities enact food sharing restrictions that punish individuals who try to feed the homeless. These laws are often part of a general scheme to solve a city’s homelessness problem by making life so unbearable for homeless men and women that they will be forced to move elsewhere. Humanitarian aid like food sharing, however, is a form of

Matthew M. Cummings

2011-01-01

497

Propensity for Violence among Homeless and Runaway Adolescents: An Event History Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little is known about the prevalence of violent behaviors among homeless and runaway adolescents or the specific behavioral factors that influence violent behaviors across time. In this longitudinal study of 300 homeless and runaway adolescents aged 16 to 19 at baseline, the authors use event history analysis to assess the factors associated with…

Crawford, Devan M.; Whitbeck, Les B.; Hoyt, Dan R.

2011-01-01

498

Removing Barriers: The Struggle to Ensure Educational Rights for Students Experiencing Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the intent of the federal and state homeless education laws is clear, securing the educational rights of students without housing has been a long legal and political struggle in Chicago and Illinois. Education for students experiencing homelessness is a continuation of the civil rights struggle for equality in education and educational…

Nix-Hodes, Patricia; Heybach, Laurene M.

2014-01-01

499

America's Homeless Children: New Outcasts. A Public Policy Report from the Better Homes Fund.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents information on homeless children in the United States to gain the attention of policymakers and the media. Information comes from years of rigorous scientific research. The report presents both findings and solutions, including concrete steps to secure food, shelter, health care, and schooling to help homeless children and…

Better Homes Fund, Newton, MA.

500

78 FR 27988 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB Continuum of Care Homeless...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Proposed Information Collection to OMB Continuum of Care Homeless Assistance Grant Application-Technical...following information: Title of Proposed: Continuum of Care Homeless Assistance Grant Application-Technical...the Technical Submission phase of the Continuum of Care (CoC) Program...

2013-05-13