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Last update: August 15, 2014.
1

Helping Unaccompanied Homeless Youth Access College Financial Aid  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Unaccompanied homeless youth are young people who lack safe, stable housing and who are not in the care of a parent or guardian. They may have run away from home or been forced to leave by their parents. Unaccompanied youth live in a variety of temporary situations, including shelters, the homes of friends or relatives, cars, campgrounds, public…

National Association for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth, 2007

2007-01-01

2

Unaccompanied, Unidentified and Uncounted: Developing Strategies to Meet the Needs of America's Homeless Youth. Issue Brief on the Education of Unaccompanied Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Unaccompanied homeless youth appear to be one of the fastest growing and most vulnerable segments of the larger homeless population, but flawed information-gathering by government entities makes it impossible to be sure. This issue brief examines reasons why the plight of unaccompanied homeless youth is not fully captured through current models of…

Appleseed, 2012

2012-01-01

3

Unaccompanied Homeless Youth: Intersections of Homelessness, School Experiences and Educational Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School districts are faced with the challenge of how best to serve the needs of a growing homeless student population. As the numbers of homeless children and youth continue to rise, it is imperative for educators and others to understand the experiences of unaccompanied homeless youth. A qualitative research project was undertaken to obtain the…

Aviles de Bradley, Ann M.

2011-01-01

4

Increasing Access to Higher Education for Unaccompanied Youth: Information for Colleges and Universities. Best Practices in Homeless Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each year, more than a million young people in the United States experience homelessness; some of these young people, known as unaccompanied homeless youth, will face the challenges of homelessness while living on their own without the support of a caring adult. Unaccompanied homeless youth face the same struggles as other young people: trying to…

National Center for Homeless Education at SERVE, 2010

2010-01-01

5

Income Tax and the FAFSA for Unaccompanied Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This two-page brief answers various questions about the relationship between the filing of tax returns and a youth's completion of the FAFSA. Questions answered include: How does a youth's decision to file a tax return affect the FAFSA?; Are youth required to file tax returns?; and What should an unaccompanied youth do if his/her parents claim…

National Association for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth, 2009

2009-01-01

6

Using What We Know: Supporting the Education of Unaccompanied Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Unaccompanied youth are young people who lack safe, stable housing and who are not in the care of a parent or guardian. They may have run away from home or been forced to leave by their parents. Unaccompanied youth live in a variety of temporary situations, including shelters, the homes of friends or relatives, cars, campgrounds, public parks,…

Julianelle, Patricia

2008-01-01

7

Who's There to Help? Assessment of Social Supports Received by Homeless and Unaccompanied Youth in High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine how urban, young adults assessed received social supports (Vaux, 1988) during homelessness in high school. According to the National Alliance to End Homelessness (2007), approximately 1 to 1.5 million youth under the age of 18 in America experience at least one incident of homelessness each…

Brase, Monica Kay

2011-01-01

8

Educational Rights of Homeless Youth: Exploring Racial Dimensions of Homeless Educational Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research that addresses educational rights of unaccompanied homeless youth in grades 9-12 is limited. The McKinney-Vento Act was created to address the many needs of homeless individuals, including children and youth's right to an education. McKinney-Vento was created over twenty-years ago, and this research sought to examine the implementation of…

Aviles de Bradley, Ann Marie

2009-01-01

9

Stronger Youth and Smarter Communities: An Analysis of Oregon’s Investment in Runaway and Homeless Youth Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Oregon Runaway and Homeless Workgroup estimates that 24,000 unaccompanied youth experience homelessness each year in Oregon. National studies indicate that most of these youth run away due to family conflict or abuse, while others are kicked out of their home or \\

Katherine Cahn; Don Schweitzer; Ally Jamieson; Hannah Slevin

2009-01-01

10

National Association for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Homeless children and youth are arguably the most forgotten population when it comes to education. Since 1989, the National Association for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth (NAEHCY) has been an advocate for equitable services from public schools for homeless youth. Additionally, their website states that it has encouraged "strategies for effective instruction, pupil services, and research." Visitors unfamiliar with the main piece of legislation in place for educating homeless children and youth can read the full-text of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act under the "Legislation and Policy" tab. Users may also find the "Higher Education" link, also under the Legislation and Policy tab, to be informative about how the Higher Education Act has "the potential to assist these youth to graduate from high school, apply for and access postsecondary education, and complete their degrees." A link to the related resource "NAEHCY PowerPoint Library - Unaccompanied Youth" can be found in the right corner of the page. Valuable information about how unaccompanied homeless youth can successfully fill out the Free Student Application for Financial Aid (FAFSA) is also available in the "Higher Education" area.

11

Youth Homelessness and Individualised Subjectivity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article aims to contribute to understandings of youth homelessness and subjectivity by analysing identity construction in terms of young people's negotiation of the structural and institutional environment of youth homelessness. I suggest that while existing literature on this topic concentrates mainly on micro-social encounters, the…

Farrugia, David

2011-01-01

12

Predictors of Homelessness among Street Living Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While few studies have identified predictors of exiting homelessness among adults, even fewer studies have attempted to identify these predictors among homeless youth. The current study explored predictors of change in homelessness among 180 homeless youth between the ages of 14 and 22, recruited through an urban drop-in center. All youth were…

Slesnick, Natasha; Bartle-Haring, Suzanne; Dashora, Pushpanjali; Kang, Min Ju; Aukward, Erin

2008-01-01

13

Youth Homelessness 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The third national census of homeless school students, conducted in 2006, found that the number of homeless students had decreased since 2001. There were 9,389 homeless students in 2006 compared with 12,227 in 2001. Three groups were over-represented in the homeless population: Indigenous students, young people from single parent and blended…

MacKenzie, David; Chamberlain, Chris

2008-01-01

14

Education of Homeless Children and Youth, 1989.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report contains the Oregon state plan for educating homeless children and youth required by the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act of 1987. Data on the number and location of homeless children and homeless youth in the state and the barriers they face in obtaining a free public education are discussed. Section 1 provides an overview…

Oregon State Dept. of Education, Salem. Student Services Section.

15

Youth Homelessness and Social Stigma  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building upon previous exploratory qualitative research (Kidd S.A. (2003) "Child Adol. Social Work J." 20(4):235-261), this paper examines the mental health implications of social stigma as it is experienced by homeless youth. Surveys conducted with 208 youths on the streets and in agencies in New York City and Toronto revealed significant…

Kidd, Sean A.

2007-01-01

16

Homeless Youth: Characteristics, Contributing Factors, and Service Options  

Microsoft Academic Search

Distinguishing between causes and consequences of youth homelessness is often difficult. Characteristics may have existed prior to youths' leaving home, likely contributing to their running away, or may develop once the youths become immersed in “street culture.” Owing to these complexities, characteristics and contributing factors associated with youth homelessness often intersect. Homeless youths' diverse backgrounds and experiences, including difficult family

Sanna J. Thompson; Kimberly Bender; Liliane Windsor; Mary S. Cook; Travonne Williams

2010-01-01

17

Life Experiences and Vulnerabilities of Homeless Women: A Comparison of Women Unaccompanied Versus Accompanied by Minor Children, and Correlates with Children's Emotional Distress  

Microsoft Academic Search

The histories and service needs of 2 groups of homeless women, those unaccompanied by minor children (n = 46) and those accompanied by minor children (n = 22), were compared, on the basis of their responses to a biennial survey of homeless people in a midsize city in the southeast United States. Mothers of children aged 2–10 also completed a

Timothy Page; Roger M. Nooe

2002-01-01

18

Daily Hassles and Coping Dispositions as Predictors of Psychological Adjustment: A Comparative Study of Young Unaccompanied Refugees and Youth in the Resettlement Country  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined daily hassles and coping dispositions in relation to life satisfaction and depressive symptoms among resettled unaccompanied refugees and other youth in the resettlement country. A total of 223 unaccompanied refugees ("M" = 20 years) was compared with 609 ethnic minority and 427 majority youth in Norway. Unaccompanied

Seglem, Karoline B.; Oppedal, Brit; Roysamb, Espen

2014-01-01

19

Homeless youth's overwhelming health burden: A review of the literature  

PubMed Central

Homelessness has reached epidemic proportions in Canada. Canadian children and adolescents are the most vulnerable because youth comprise the fastest growing segment of the homeless population. A systematic literature review was undertaken using MEDLINE, Web of Science and the Homeless Hub (www.homelesshub.ca) to encompass the time frame from January 1990 to June 2009. The following terms were used as key words: ‘homelessness’, ‘homeless youth’, ‘poverty’, ‘street youth’ and ‘runaway’. The present review identified an intersection among education deficits, social service insufficiencies, and poor mental and physical health in homeless youth. Health care delivery to homeless youth was often nonanticipatory, inconsistent and perceived as discriminatory. However, street youth were identified as requiring health care for pregnancy, mental health concerns, sexually transmitted illnesses, respiratory conditions, substance abuse and a myriad of other illnesses. Plenty of work is still required to reduce health inequalities and improve the daily living conditions of Canadian youth living in poverty.

Kulik, Dina M; Gaetz, Stephen; Crowe, Cathy; Ford-Jones, Elizabeth (Lee)

2011-01-01

20

Education and Homeless Youth: Policy Implementations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"The Navigator" is a free newsletter published by the Center for Higher Education Policy Analysis (CHEPA) focusing on directions and trends in higher education policy. The theme of this issue is: "Education and Homeless Youth: Policy Implementations." The lead article, authored by CHEPA director William G. Tierney, describes CHEPA's study of the…

Center for Higher Education Policy Analysis, University of Southern California, 2007

2007-01-01

21

Resilience and Suicidality among Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homeless and street-involved youth are considered an extremely high risk group, with many studies highlighting trajectories characterized by abusive, neglectful, and unstable family histories, victimization and criminal involvement while on the streets, high rates of physical and mental illness, and extremely high rates of mortality. While there…

Cleverley, Kristin; Kidd, Sean A.

2011-01-01

22

Nowhere to Run: HIV Prevention for Runaway and Homeless Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume is a guide to providing effective Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and substance abuse prevention services to runaway and homeless youth. The guide is based on current research and the best programs in this field. Chapters 1 and 2 summarize what is known about runaway and homeless youth, the services these youth require if they are…

Posner, Marc

23

A Critical Moment: Child & Youth Homelessness in Our Nation's Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The economic downturn has forced more families and youth to lose their footing, falling downward into the spiral of homelessness and jeopardizing children and youth's educational success. At the same time, a one-time increase in federal funding for school-based efforts to identify and support homeless children and youth has enabled more school…

National Association for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth, 2010

2010-01-01

24

Addressing the Problems of Homeless Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homeless adolescents, known as "unaccompanied youth," constitute a small but important portion of the overall homeless population, one that needs particular attention at school. In this article, we review existing literature to provide a background for educational leaders, researchers, and policymakers hoping to understand the phenomenon of…

Murphy, Joseph F.; Tobin, Kerri

2012-01-01

25

Comparisons of Prevention Programs for Homeless Youth  

PubMed Central

There are six HIV prevention programs for homeless youth whose efficacy has been or is currently being evaluated: STRIVE, the Community Reinforcement Approach, Strengths-Based Case Management, Ecologically-Based Family Therapy, Street Smart, and AESOP (street outreach access to resources). Programs vary in their underlying framework and theoretical models for understanding homelessness. All programs presume that the youths’ families lack the ability to support their adolescent child. Some programs deemphasize family involvement while others focus on rebuilding connections among family members. The programs either normalize current family conflicts or, alternatively, provide education about the importance of parental monitoring. All programs aim to reduce HIV-related sexual and drug use acts. A coping skills approach is common across programs: Problem-solving skills are specifically addressed in four of the six programs; alternatively, parents in other programs are encouraged to contingently reward their children. Each program also engineers ongoing social support for the families and the youth, either by providing access to needed resources or by substituting a new, supportive relationship for the existing family caretaker. All of the interventions provide access to health and mental health services as basic program resources. A comparison of HIV prevention programs for homeless youth identifies the robust components of each and suggests which programs providers may choose to replicate.

Rotheram-Borus, Mary Jane

2014-01-01

26

Risk Factors for Homelessness Among Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Youths: A Developmental Milestone Approach  

PubMed Central

Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youths are over-represented in the homeless population. To examine why some LGB youths become homeless, this report compares homeless and non-homeless LGB youths. Of the 156 LGB youths, 48% reported ever being homeless (i.e., running away or being evicted from home). Results indicate that sexual orientation awareness and the initiation of sexual behavior occurred earlier in homeless than in non-homeless LGB youths and predated the first homeless episode. Substance use was more frequent and first occurred at an earlier age in homeless as compared to non-homeless LGB youths; however, substance use occurred subsequent to first homelessness. Childhood sexual abuse was associated with homelessness; and, early sexual orientation development was related to homelessness among youths without a history of sexual abuse. Findings suggest that interventions should help youths cope with their unfolding sexual orientation and work to prevent or address the consequences of sexual abuse.

Rosario, Margaret; Schrimshaw, Eric W.; Hunter, Joyce

2011-01-01

27

Gang Involvement and Membership among Homeless and Runaway Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessed the extent of gang involvement among homeless and runaway youth, comparing gang members, gang-involved youth (not members), and non-gang youth on several dimensions. Interview data indicated that 15.4 percent of the youth were gang members and 32.2 percent were involved in gangs. These youth reported more family problems and school…

Yoder, Kevin A.; Whitbeck, Les B.; Hoyt, Dan R.

2003-01-01

28

45 CFR 1351.20 - What are the additional requirements under a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...additional requirements under a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant? 1351.20 Section...AND YOUTH SERVICES BUREAU RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH PROGRAM Additional Requirements...additional requirements under a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant? (a) To...

2009-10-01

29

45 CFR 1351.10 - What is the purpose of the Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false What is the purpose of the Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant? 1351.10 Section...FAMILY AND YOUTH SERVICES BUREAU RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH PROGRAM Runaway and Homeless Youth Program Grant § 1351.10 What...

2010-10-01

30

45 CFR 1351.10 - What is the purpose of the Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false What is the purpose of the Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant? 1351.10 Section...FAMILY AND YOUTH SERVICES BUREAU RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH PROGRAM Runaway and Homeless Youth Program Grant § 1351.10 What...

2009-10-01

31

45 CFR 1351.12 - Who gets priority for the award of a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...gets priority for the award of a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant? 1351.12 Section...FAMILY AND YOUTH SERVICES BUREAU RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH PROGRAM Runaway and Homeless Youth Program Grant § 1351.12 Who...

2009-10-01

32

45 CFR 1351.20 - What are the additional requirements under a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...additional requirements under a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant? 1351.20 Section...AND YOUTH SERVICES BUREAU RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH PROGRAM Additional Requirements...additional requirements under a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant? (a) To...

2013-10-01

33

45 CFR 1351.11 - Who is eligible to apply for a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Who is eligible to apply for a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant? 1351.11 Section...FAMILY AND YOUTH SERVICES BUREAU RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH PROGRAM Runaway and Homeless Youth Program Grant § 1351.11 Who...

2013-10-01

34

45 CFR 1351.10 - What is the purpose of the Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false What is the purpose of the Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant? 1351.10 Section...FAMILY AND YOUTH SERVICES BUREAU RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH PROGRAM Runaway and Homeless Youth Program Grant § 1351.10 What...

2013-10-01

35

45 CFR 1351.15 - What costs are supportable under a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...What costs are supportable under a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant? 1351.15 Section...FAMILY AND YOUTH SERVICES BUREAU RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH PROGRAM Runaway and Homeless Youth Program Grant § 1351.15 What...

2013-10-01

36

45 CFR 1351.18 - What criteria has HHS established for deciding which Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...HHS established for deciding which Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant applications to fund...FAMILY AND YOUTH SERVICES BUREAU RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH PROGRAM Runaway and Homeless Youth Program Grant § 1351.18 What...

2010-10-01

37

45 CFR 1351.18 - What criteria has HHS established for deciding which Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...HHS established for deciding which Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant applications to fund...FAMILY AND YOUTH SERVICES BUREAU RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH PROGRAM Runaway and Homeless Youth Program Grant § 1351.18 What...

2009-10-01

38

45 CFR 1351.16 - What costs are not allowable under a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...What costs are not allowable under a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant? 1351.16 Section...FAMILY AND YOUTH SERVICES BUREAU RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH PROGRAM Runaway and Homeless Youth Program Grant § 1351.16 What...

2013-10-01

39

45 CFR 1351.18 - What criteria has HHS established for deciding which Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...HHS established for deciding which Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant applications to fund...FAMILY AND YOUTH SERVICES BUREAU RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH PROGRAM Runaway and Homeless Youth Program Grant § 1351.18 What...

2013-10-01

40

45 CFR 1351.17 - How is application made for a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... How is application made for a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant? 1351.17 Section...FAMILY AND YOUTH SERVICES BUREAU RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH PROGRAM Runaway and Homeless Youth Program Grant § 1351.17 How...

2013-10-01

41

45 CFR 1351.12 - Who gets priority for the award of a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...gets priority for the award of a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant? 1351.12 Section...FAMILY AND YOUTH SERVICES BUREAU RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH PROGRAM Runaway and Homeless Youth Program Grant § 1351.12 Who...

2013-10-01

42

Substance Use and Health and Safety among Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines how substance use is associated with the health and safety of homeless youth using cross-sectional, self-report data from 285 homeless adolescents. Path models were used to examine concurrent relationships between youth's substance use and multiple aspects of their health and safety, including measures of psychological…

Rhule-Louie, Dana M.; Bowen, Sarah; Baer, John S.; Peterson, Peggy L.

2008-01-01

43

Homeless Children and Youth in Utah. 1991 Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was done of the numbers and educational status of homeless children in the state of Utah in 1991. A survey was conducted using data provided by 31 shelters statewide and included children and youth who were provided shelter at any time during the year. The total count of 4,894 homeless children and youth, when corrected for general…

Utah State Office of Education, Salt Lake City.

44

Homeless Children and Youth in Utah. 1992 Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was done of the numbers and educational status of homeless children in the state of Utah in 1992. A survey was conducted using data provided by 31 shelters statewide and included children and youth who were provided shelter at any time during the year. The total count included 4,424 homeless children and youth in 1992. The largest…

Utah State Office of Education, Salt Lake City.

45

Social Networks of Homeless Youth in Emerging Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little is known about the social networks of homeless youth in emerging adulthood despite the importance of this information for interventions to reduce health risks. This study examined the composition of social networks, and the risks and supports present within them, in a random sample of 349 homeless youth (33.4% female, 23.9% African…

Wenzel, Suzanne; Holloway, Ian; Golinelli, Daniela; Ewing, Brett; Bowman, Richard; Tucker, Joan

2012-01-01

46

Education of Homeless Children & Youth: Program Manual. Revised 1992.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The right of homeless children and youth to enjoy a free, appropriate public education is ensured in Oregon by ORS 339.115 (3). This law establishes that homeless children and youth cannot be denied enrollment simply because they lack a fixed place of residence or because they are not under a parent's or guardian's supervision. State Board of…

Oregon State Dept. of Education, Salem.

47

Characteristics of Homeless Youth Attending Two Different Youth Drop-In Centers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Services for homeless youth traditionally provided shelter and nourishment but do little to break the cycle of homelessness. A more comprehensive approach to serve homeless youth is the drop-in center model that provides safe and easy-to-find facilities within communities to bridge the gap between the streets and transitional/permanent housing.…

Shillington, A. M.; Bousman, C. A.; Clapp, J. D.

2011-01-01

48

Resilience, loneliness, and psychological distress among homeless youth.  

PubMed

Extant quantitative research on loneliness among homeless youth has grouped loneliness with other elements of psychological distress. The current study seeks to determine if loneliness has a different relationship with resilience than does psychological distress among street youth. Using data from 47 participants, linear regression was conducted. Results indicate that homeless youth experiencing higher psychological distress reported lower resilience scores. However, levels of resilience are not significantly associated with feelings of loneliness when psychological distress was accounted for. This study has implications for how researchers and clinicians conceptualize and address feelings of loneliness among homeless youth. PMID:25017554

Perron, Jeff L; Cleverley, Kristin; Kidd, Sean A

2014-08-01

49

Successful Transitions of Runaway/Homeless Youth from Shelter Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research indicates that runaway and homeless youth often achieve positive outcomes after shelter stays however few studies have examined how these outcomes are achieved. This study employs qualitative methods to explicate this phenomenon. Twenty-five providers and 21 youth from four shelters participated in this study. Youth were…

Nebbitt, Von E.; House, Laura E.; Thompson, Sanna J.; Pollio, David E.

2007-01-01

50

Prevalence and Predictors of Sexual Risks Among Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined prevalence of sexual risks among homeless adolescents and described factors associated with those risks. Community-based outreach methods were used successfully to access this difficult-to-reach population. The sample included 203 homeless youth aged 15-22 recruited from community sites. Questionnaire items addressed…

Halcon, Linda L.; Lifson, Alan R.

2004-01-01

51

Providing Lifelines for Our Nation's Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses educational challenges for homeless children and explains how districts can and must meet their needs. According to the U.S. Department of Education Federal Data Collection, 1,065,794 homeless children and youth were enrolled in public schools for the school year 2010-2011, the highest number on record. After listing…

Duffield, Barbara

2013-01-01

52

Educating Homeless Children and Youth: A Policy Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Policies and problems of education for the homeless are discussed. The analysis is organized in four main sections. The first describes trends, dimensions, and difficulties of homelessness among children and youth. This section is based on various reports, especially those required by federal legislation. The second section reports and interprets…

Bowen, Jeffrey M.; And Others

53

Experiential Therapy with Homeless, Runaway and Street Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the services and activities of the Orion Center, a drop-in day-use facility for homeless and runaway youth in Seattle (Washington). Orion Center uses experiential therapy and adventure-based activities to develop trust, promote fun and relationship building, and facilitate growth and healing among this homeless population. A…

Kallander, Karin; Levings, Laura

54

Problem Behaviors of Homeless Youth: A Social Capital Perspective  

PubMed Central

Homeless youth are one of the most marginalized groups in our society. Many researchers identify much higher levels of various problem behaviors among these youth compared to their non-homeless peers. The current study examined the utility of social capital in predicting problem behaviors among homeless youth. Overall, the theoretically derived social capital variable significantly predicted substance use frequency, sexual risk behavior, depression, delinquent behavior as well as number of days homeless. Thus, social capital was useful in understanding and predicting the current life situation among these youth and may be worthy of further study. Findings suggest that meaningful change should utilize interventions that go beyond the individual and are geared towards modifying the social context of individuals’ lives.

Bantchevska, Denitza; Bartle-Haring, Suzanne; Dashora, Pushpanjali; Glebova, Tatiana; Slesnick, Natasha

2008-01-01

55

Incidence and Prevalence of Homeless and Runaway Youth. Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Homeless, runaway, and throwaway youth (HRTY) constitute a high-risk population that urgently requires the attention of policy makers. Although little is known about this population, studies suggest that compared with their domiciled peers, HRTY are at si...

C. Cignetti D. Akin J. Harris J. M. Greene R. Sanchez S. Wheeless

2003-01-01

56

Factors Associated with Homelessness of Adolescents under Supervision of the Youth Protection System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are two factors that limit our knowledge of the risk factors associated with homelessness among runaway adolescents, namely (1) the samples used are often composed of youth homeless service users and/or youths living on the streets (visible homelessness), whereas most adolescents in fact use ''private'' resources (hidden homelessness), and…

Robert, Marie; Pauze, R.; Fournier, L.

2005-01-01

57

Sexual Health Information Seeking Online Among Runaway and Homeless Youth  

PubMed Central

Research shows runaway and homeless youth are reluctant to seek help from traditional health providers. The Internet can be useful in engaging this population and meeting their needs for sexual health information, including information about HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Using a sample of homeless youth living in Los Angeles, California in June 2009, this study assesses the frequency with which runaway and homeless youth seek sexual health information via the Internet, and assesses which youth are more likely to engage in seeking health information from online sources. Drawing from Andersen’s (1968) health behavior model and Pescosolido’s (1992) network episode model, we develop and refine a model for seeking online sexual health information among homeless youth. Rather than testing the predicative strength of a given model, our aim is to identify and explore conceptually driven correlates that may shed light on the characteristics associated with these help seeking behaviors among homeless youth. Analyses using multivariate logistic regression models reveal that among the sample of youth, females and gay males most frequently seek sexual health information online. We demonstrate the structure of social network ties (e.g., connection with parents) and the content of interactions (e.g., e-mail forwards of health information) across ties are critical correlates of online sexual health information seeking. Results show a continued connection with parents via the Internet is significantly associated with youth seeking HIV or STI information. Similarly for content of interactions, more youth who were sent health information online also reported seeking HIV information and HIV-testing information. We discuss implications for intervention and practice, focusing on how the Internet may be used for dissemination of sexual health information and as a resource for social workers to link transient, runaway, and homeless youth to care.

Barman-Adhikari, Anamika; Rice, Eric

2012-01-01

58

Impact of Nursing Intervention on Decreasing Substances among Homeless Youth  

PubMed Central

Background Alcohol use, and in particular, binge drinking, and methamphetamine use is pervasive among homeless youth and remains a social pressure among this vulnerable population. However, there is no compelling evidence that specific interventions for reducing drug and alcohol use are effective for homeless youth. Objectives This community-based participatory action pilot study assessed the impact of an intervention study focused on decreasing use of drugs and alcohol among a sample of homeless young adults (N=154) visiting a drop-in site in Santa Monica, California. The two programs consisted of a HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis Health Promotion (HHP) program led by nurses and an Art Messaging (AM) program led by artists. Six-month follow-up data were obtained from 100 of these individuals. Results Findings revealed significant reductions in alcohol and marijuana use and binge drinking in both the HHP and AM programs. However, homeless youth in the HHP program reported additional reductions in methamphetamine, cocaine and hallucinogen use at six-month follow-up. Conclusions Reductions in drugs and alcohol are important as these substances are linked to HIV/AIDS, hepatitis and other health risks in homeless youth. Scientific Significance The successful outcomes of the study intervention validate the utility of nurse-led and artistic health promotion strategies to decrease drug and alcohol use and other risky behaviors in homeless youth populations.

Nyamathi, Adeline; Branson, Catherine; Kennedy, Barbara; Salem, Benissa; Khalilifard, Farinaz; Marfisee, Mary; Getzoff, Daniel; Leake, Barbara

2013-01-01

59

Capacity for Survival: Exploring Strengths of Homeless Street Youth  

PubMed Central

The majority of research on homeless youth has focused on the multitude of problems faced by this vulnerable population. The current study, while acknowledging the hazards of life on the streets, seeks to explore the personal strengths and informal resources street youth rely on to navigate their environments. Qualitative data from seven focus groups conducted with street youth ages 18–24 were analyzed using content analysis. These data, rich with interactions among youth participants, highlight three important themes: developing “street smarts,” existence of personal strengths, and informal resources relied upon by youth to survive. Results provide valuable insights into the strengths of homeless youth that can be useful to providers in assessing street youths’ service needs and increasing the likelihood of long-term positive outcomes.

Bender, Kimberly; Thompson, Sanna J.; McManus, Holly; Lantry, Janet; Flynn, Patrick M.

2009-01-01

60

Health care utilization in homeless youth.  

PubMed

To examine common reasons for utilization of health care services at a free homeless youth clinic. This is a retrospective chart review for visits over a 1 year period. Data on age, gender, and up to 3 chief complaints per visit were collected from the electronic medical record. Of the 744 clinical encounters, the mean age of youth was 18.8 years and 53.2% involved female patients. The most common reasons for utilizing services include screening and treatment of sexually transmitted infections (STI) 14.3%, physical exam for housing 13.7%, dermatologic complaints 13.5%. Chief complaints were different for males and females (p ? 0.001). Females were more likely to receive laboratory testing for STI than males (p ? 0.001). Females were most likely to seek care for sexual and reproductive health needs and males were more likely to come for acute concerns. These differences can inform providers working with this vulnerable population. PMID:24249440

Evans, Yolanda N; Handschin, Sara M; Giesel, Ann E

2014-06-01

61

Homeless Youths' Descriptions of Their Parents' Child-Rearing Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explored homeless youths' perceptions of their parents' child-rearing practices. Results from 409 youth aged 12 to 23 years reveal the following four parenting styles: supportive/emotionally available; intrusive/unavailable; detached; and problems with drugs/law. Implications of these findings and future research and service provision needs are…

Kipke, Michele D.; And Others

1997-01-01

62

Social Capital and Homeless Youth: Influence of Residential Instability on College Access  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the experiences homeless youth face and the influence of social networks on their education. Using a social capital framework, we analyze the experiences that are different for poor youth in general and those homeless. Data used include interviews with 123 homeless youth and more than 40 policymakers, school counselors, and…

Tierney, William G.; Hallett, Ronald E.

2012-01-01

63

The Mental and Physical Health of Homeless Youth: A Literature Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Youth homelessness is a growing concern in the United States. Despite difficulties studying this population due to inconsistent definitions of what it means to be a youth and homeless, the current body of research indicates that abuse, family breakdown, and disruptive family relationships are common contributing factors to youth homelessness.…

Edidin, Jennifer P.; Ganim, Zoe; Hunter, Scott J.; Karnik, Niranjan S.

2012-01-01

64

45 CFR 1351.13 - What are the Federal and non-Federal match requirements under a Runaway and Homeless Youth grant?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...non-Federal match requirements under a Runaway and Homeless Youth grant? 1351.13 Section 1351...FAMILY AND YOUTH SERVICES BUREAU RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH PROGRAM Runaway and Homeless Youth Program Grant § 1351.13 What...

2013-10-01

65

Capacity for Survival: Exploring Strengths of Homeless Street Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

The majority of research on homeless youth has focused on the multitude of problems faced by this vulnerable population. The\\u000a current study, while acknowledging the hazards of life on the streets, seeks to explore the personal strengths and informal\\u000a resources street youth rely on to navigate their environments. Qualitative data from seven focus groups conducted with street\\u000a youth ages 18–24

Kimberly Bender; Sanna J. Thompson; Holly McManus; Janet Lantry; Patrick M. Flynn

2007-01-01

66

Outcomes of a Brief Sexual Health Intervention for Homeless Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homeless youth face various health challenges. The effectiveness of a short intervention to promote sexual health in 572 homeless 16—23-year-olds (M = 19.467+1.89) was conducted using a quasi-experimental repeated measures design. Data collected at three time points (pre-intervention, immediately post-intervention and follow-up) via laptop computers were analyzed using multivariate general linear mixed models. A significant condition by time interaction was

Lynn Rew; Rachel T. Fouladi; Lee Land; Y. Joel Wong

2007-01-01

67

Youth Substance Use in a Context of Family Homelessness  

PubMed Central

Objective This study examines the relationship between family processes and youth substance use debuts among a sample of youth residing in urban family homeless shelters. Method Data regarding shelter experiences, youth and family characteristics, and the use of three substances (i.e., cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana) were gathered from a sample of youth (11–14 years) and their respective parents residing in an urban family homeless shelter system. Multinomial logistic regression analysis was used to examine the influences on youth substance use. Results Of the 198 youth included in the statistical analysis, 72% (n=143) reported no substance use debuts, while 18% (n=35) indicated one and 10% (n=20) indicated two to three substance use debuts. Within the final model, greater substance use debut was associated with being older (13–14 vs. 11–12; OR=7.5; 95% CI =1.8–30.9) and stressors exposure (OR=4.8; 95% CI =1.5–14.7). Furthermore, youth of adult caretakers that reported low levels of the three family processes considered were almost four and a half more likely (OR=4.4; 95% CI =1.2–16.5) to have made two to three substance use debuts. Conclusions Family processes may be a particularly important intervention target toward reducing the rate of substance use among youth residing in urban family homeless shelters.

Beharie, Nisha; Olshtain-Mann, Orly; McKay, Mary M.; Goldstein, Leah; Cavaleri, Mary A.; LoIacono, Marni L.; Elwyn, Laura J.; Kalogerogiannis, Kosta; Torres, Ervin; Paulino, Angela; Lawrence, Rita

2011-01-01

68

Predictors of Substance Use Severity among Homeless Youth  

PubMed Central

Problem This cross-sectional study identified a number of factors that were correlated with drug-use severity among homeless youth. Method To examine a commonly-used measure of substance-use severity, the TCU Drug Screen II, in a convenience sample of 156 homeless youth, ages 15–25 from a drop-in site in Santa Monica, California. Findings Higher drug-use severity scores were independently related to low levels of perceived health and maladaptive coping strategies. Conclusions The findings from this study are particularly relevant in that they support previous results showing that psychosocial variables are related to substance use behavior among young populations.

Nyamathi, Adeline; Hudson, Angela; Greengold, Barbara; Slagle, Alexandra; Marfisee, Mary; Khalilifard, Farinaz; Leake, Barbara

2010-01-01

69

Education for Homeless Children and Youth Program: Title VII, Subtitle B of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act. Report to Congress, Fiscal Year 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report compiles data submitted by state educational agencies in accordance with the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act. States are required to provide an estimate of: total number of homeless children and youth by grade level, number of homeless children and youth enrolled in public school by grade level, number of homeless children and…

Office of Elementary and Secondary Education (ED), Washington, DC.

70

Homelessness among Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Youth: Implications for Subsequent Internalizing and Externalizing Symptoms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youth with a history of homelessness (running away or being evicted from their homes by parents) report more psychological symptoms than homeless heterosexual peers, it is unclear whether symptoms are due to homelessness, given the absence of a non-homeless comparison group. This study longitudinally…

Rosario, Margaret; Schrimshaw, Eric W.; Hunter, Joyce

2012-01-01

71

Screening Homeless Youth for Histories of Abuse: Prevalence, Enduring Effects, and Interest in Treatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: To identify the incidence of self-reported physical and sexual child abuse among homeless youth, the self-perceived effects of past abuse, and current interest in treatment for past abuse among homeless youth with histories of abuse. Methods: Homeless and street-involved persons aged 18-23 filled out a questionnaire and participated in…

Keeshin, Brooks R.; Campbell, Kristine

2011-01-01

72

Gender Differences in Traumatic Events and Rates of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder among Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the present report we describe patterns of traumatic events and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), both partial and full, among homeless youth and those at risk for homelessness, with an emphasis on gender differences. Participants were 85 homeless and at-risk youth (49% female) recruited from a drop-in center in New York City in 2000.…

Gwadz, Marya Viorst; Nish, David; Leonard, Noelle R.; Strauss, Shiela M.

2007-01-01

73

Responding to the needs of youth who are homeless: Calling for politicized trauma-informed intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trauma in the lives of youth who are homeless is a pervasive reality. In this article, a politicized understanding of trauma is taken up to explore the complex psychological, relational, and social\\/political challenges experienced by many young persons facing homelessness. Their needs are contrasted with the dominant framework for assessing and addressing homelessness among youth, which fails to adequately account

Suzanne McKenzie-Mohr; John Coates; Heather McLeod

74

Comparison of HIV Risks among Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Heterosexual Homeless Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Youth who are homeless and gay, lesbian or bisexual (GLB) are one of the most disenfranchised and marginalized groups in our\\u000a society. The purpose of this study is to examine and compare HIV in GLB homeless youth with their heterosexual counterparts.\\u000a Participants for this study included 268 youth involved in treatment outcome studies with substance abusing homeless youth.\\u000a Results suggest

Rashmi Gangamma; Natasha Slesnick; Paula Toviessi; Julianne Serovich

2008-01-01

75

The Initiation of Homeless Youth into the Street Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homeless youth (HY) who lack employment in the formal economy typically turn to the street economy (e.g., prostitution, drug selling) for survival. Guided by the theory of social control, the present paper explores factors influencing HY's initiation into the street economy. Eighty HY (ages 15-23) were recruited from four community-based…

Gwadz, Marya Viorst; Gostnell, Karla; Smolenski, Carol; Willis, Brian; Nish, David; Nolan, Theresa C.; Tharaken, Maya; Ritchie, Amanda S.

2009-01-01

76

Health-Seeking Challenges Among Homeless Youth  

PubMed Central

Background Approximately 1.5 to 2 million homeless young persons live on the streets in the United States. With the current economic situation, research is needed on quality of services geared toward homeless young adults. Objectives The objective of this study was to explore homeless young adults' perspectives on barriers and facilitators of health-care-seeking behavior and their perspectives on improving existing programs for homeless persons. Methods This article is a descriptive qualitative study using focus groups, with a purposeful sample of 24 homeless drug-using young adults. Results Identified themes were failing access to care based on perceived structural barriers (limited clinic sites, limited hours of operation, priority health conditions, and long wait times) and social barriers (perception of discrimination by uncaring professionals, law enforcement, and society in general). Discussion Results provide insight into programmatic and agency resources that facilitate health-seeking behaviors among homeless young adults and include implications for more research with providers of homeless health and social services.

Hudson, Angela L.; Nyamathi, Adeline; Greengold, Barbara; Slagle, Alexandra; Koniak-Griffin, Deborah; Khalilifard, Farinaz; Getzoff, Daniel

2010-01-01

77

Unaccompanied youth: school nurses caring for adolescent minors living without a parent or guardian.  

PubMed

There are many reasons that a child does not have a functional or legal guardian. The parent may be incarcerated, deceased, debilitated, deported, or have abandoned them. The teen may be a runaway or may have been exited from foster care. School nurses are challenged to find an adult who can legally consent to treatment when an unaccompanied minor needs health care. This article provides strategies for case management of these students. The school needs to be a stable and safe environment where the unaccompanied teen can thrive and succeed. PMID:24707658

Adams, Patricia M; Shineldecker, Susan C

2014-03-01

78

A Different Kind of Smart: A Study of the Educational Obstacles Confronting Homeless Youth in New England.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study provides information on obstacles facing homeless youth in school. Research occurred in four diverse New England cities. Researchers collected detailed case histories on youth age 10-15 years who were currently homeless or who had recently been homeless. Data came from staff of local youth agencies, government officials, and youths

Wilson, Melanie; Houghton, Alison

79

Comparison of HIV Risks among Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Heterosexual Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Youth who are homeless and gay, lesbian or bisexual (GLB) are one of the most disenfranchised and marginalized groups in our society. The purpose of this study is to examine and compare HIV in GLB homeless youth with their heterosexual counterparts. Participants for this study included 268 youth involved in treatment outcome studies with substance…

Gangamma, Rashmi; Slesnick, Natasha; Toviessi, Paula; Serovich, Julianne

2008-01-01

80

Resilient Educational Outcomes: Participation in School by Youth with Histories of Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Disrupted high school experiences, including dropout, are educational consequences for many youth with histories of homelessness. Using an ecological resilience prediction model (ERPM) based on the literature on resilience in at-risk youth, the study followed 82 youth who were initially homeless for a 2-year period, to identify predictors of…

Hyman, Sophie; Aubry, Tim; Klodawsky, Fran

2011-01-01

81

Educating Homeless Children and Youth: A Sample of Programs, Policies and Procedures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report reviews a variety of approaches for working with homeless students. Information was gathered from state Coordinators of Education for Homeless Children and Youth, regional coordinators of homeless programs, and national and local organizations. The programs described are organized into five categories. The first concerns educating…

McCall, Kathleen P.

82

Educational Rights of Homeless Children and Youth: Legal and Community Advocacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many homeless children and youth have difficulty in school due to their loss of stable housing, and lack of consistent contact with family and friends. When a child becomes homeless, schools are federally mandated to identify these students and provide the same access to a free and appropriate education as their non-homeless counterparts. Within a…

de Bradley, Ann Aviles

2008-01-01

83

The initiation of homeless youth into the street economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homeless youth (HY) who lack employment in the formal economy typically turn to the street economy (e.g., prostitution, drug selling) for survival. Guided by the theory of social control, the present paper explores factors influencing HY's initiation into the street economy. Eighty HY (ages 15–23) were recruited from four community-based organizations. All participated in structured interviews and 25% participated in

Marya Viorst Gwadz; Karla Gostnell; Carol Smolenski; Brian Willis; David Nish; Theresa C. Nolan; Maya Tharaken; Amanda S. Ritchie

2009-01-01

84

The Care-System for Homeless Youth in the Netherlands: Perceptions of Youngsters through a Peer Research Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to examine the perceptions of homeless youth of the care they receive. Since we wanted to involve homeless youth as participants in this project, we adopted the approach of peer-research. This form of collaborative research has a major role for homeless youth in making an inventory of the problems. A parallel is drawn…

Noom, Marc J.; de Winter, Micha; Korf, Dirk

2008-01-01

85

Protective Factors Associated with Fewer Multiple Problem Behaviors among Homeless/Runaway Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although homeless youth exhibit numerous problem behaviors, protective factors that can be targeted and modified by prevention programs to decrease the likelihood of involvement in risky behaviors are less apparent. The current study tested a model of protective factors for multiple problem behavior in a sample of 474 homeless youth (42% girls;…

Lightfoot, Marguerita; Stein, Judith A.; Tevendale, Heather; Preston, Kathleen

2011-01-01

86

Evaluating Child and Youth Homelessness: The Example of New Haven, Connecticut  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following a review of approaches taken to generate accurate estimates of the scale of child and youth homelessness in America, this article documents the methods and results of a multipronged count of homeless children and youth in New Haven, Connecticut. The survey used in this count accessed demographics and service needs, and was administered…

Kidd, Sean A.; Scrimenti, Kathryn

2004-01-01

87

A Qualitative Study of the Formation and Composition of Social Networks among Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although social networks are essential for explaining protective and risk factors among homeless youth, little is known about the formation and composition of these groups. In this study, we utilized 19 in-depth interviews with homeless youth to investigate their social network formation, role relationships, housing status, and network member…

Tyler, Kimberly A.; Melander, Lisa A.

2011-01-01

88

Adult Support and Substance Use among Homeless Youths Who Attend High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Despite high rates of substance use among homeless youths, little is known about the interaction of substance-use risk and protective factors. Further, limited research exists on substance use by school-attending homeless youths, as extant studies have relied on street- and shelter-based samples. Objective: The purpose of this study…

Ferguson, Kristin M.; Xie, Bin

2012-01-01

89

All Individuals Deserve Support: Collaborating To Prevent HIV/AIDS among Homeless Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

All Individuals Deserve Support (AIDS) is a collaborative prevention program between graduate students in a Community/Agency Counseling program and the Children's Home Homeless Youth Program in Peoria, Illinois. Graduate students developed a comprehensive HIV/AIDS prevention program for homeless youth as a class project. Project design involved:…

Sherman, Nancy E.

90

Factors Precipitating Suicidality among Homeless Youth: A Quantitative Follow-Up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homeless youth are a population at a high risk for suicidal behavior. A previous exploratory study emphasized the importance of feeling trapped or helpless, which appeared to mediate the impact of other risk variables. Confirmatory work was needed to test this inductively derived model. Two hundred eight homeless youths completed surveys on the…

Kidd, Sean A.

2006-01-01

91

Who Is Supporting Homeless Youth? Predictors of Support in Personal Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homeless youth lack the traditional support networks of their housed peers, which increases their risk for poor health outcomes. Using a multilevel dyadic analytic approach, this study identified characteristics of social contacts, relationships, and social networks associated with the provision of tangible and emotional support to homeless youth

de la Haye, Kayla; Green, Harold D., Jr.; Kennedy, David P.; Zhou, Annie; Golinelli, Daniela; Wenzel, Suzanne L.; Tucker, Joan S.

2012-01-01

92

The relationship between victimization and mental health functioning in homeless youth and adults.  

PubMed

This study examined the relationship between victimization and mental health functioning in homeless individuals. Homeless populations experience higher levels of victimization than the general population, which in turn have a detrimental effect on their mental health. A sample of 304 homeless adults and youth completed one-on-one interviews, answering questions on mental health, past victimization, and recent victimization experiences. A hierarchical linear regression showed that experiences of childhood sexual abuse predicted lower mental health functioning after controlling for the sex and age of individuals. The study findings are applicable to current support programs for victims in the homeless population and are relevant to future research on homelessness and victimization. PMID:24323694

Rattelade, Stephanie; Farrell, Susan; Aubry, Tim; Klodawsky, Fran

2014-06-01

93

Social networks as the context for understanding employment services utilization among homeless youth.  

PubMed

Little is known about the factors associated with use of employment services among homeless youth. Social network characteristics have been known to be influential in motivating people's decision to seek services. Traditional theoretical frameworks applied to studies of service use emphasize individual factors over social contexts and interactions. Using key social network, social capital, and social influence theories, this paper developed an integrated theoretical framework that capture the social network processes that act as barriers or facilitators of use of employment services by homeless youth, and understand empirically, the salience of each of these constructs in influencing the use of employment services among homeless youth. We used the "Event based-approach" strategy to recruit a sample of 136 homeless youth at one drop-in agency serving homeless youth in Los Angeles, California in 2008. The participants were queried regarding their individual and network characteristics. Data were entered into NetDraw 2.090 and the spring embedder routine was used to generate the network visualizations. Logistic regression was used to assess the influence of the network characteristics on use of employment services. The study findings suggest that social capital is more significant in understanding why homeless youth use employment services, relative to network structure and network influence. In particular, bonding and bridging social capital were found to have differential effects on use of employment services among this population. The results from this study provide specific directions for interventions aimed to increase use of employment services among homeless youth. PMID:24780279

Barman-Adhikari, Anamika; Rice, Eric

2014-08-01

94

Exploring the Relationship Between Homelessness and Delinquency: A Snapshot of a Group of Homeless Youth in San Jose, California  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports the findings of an exploratory study examining the relationship between homelessness and delinquency in\\u000a adolescents. Researchers collected data from interviews of 42 homeless youth contacted through a drop-in center in San Jose,\\u000a California. Participants responded to a structured interview as well as two vignettes describing situations in which crimes\\u000a were committed. The most striking findings are that

Marci Schwartz; Heather Kissinger Sorensen; Seth Ammerman; Emilie Bard

2008-01-01

95

The mental and physical health of homeless youth: a literature review.  

PubMed

Youth homelessness is a growing concern in the United States. Despite difficulties studying this population due to inconsistent definitions of what it means to be a youth and homeless, the current body of research indicates that abuse, family breakdown, and disruptive family relationships are common contributing factors to youth homelessness. Moreover, the experience of homelessness appears to have numerous adverse implications and to affect neurocognitive development and academics, as well as mental and physical health. Substance use, sexually transmitted infections, and psychiatric disorders are particularly prevalent in this population. Whereas some of these problems may be short-lived, the chronic stress and deprivation associated with homelessness may have long-term effects on development and functioning. Further, difficulties accessing adequate and developmentally-appropriate health care contribute to more serious health concerns. Suggestions for future research and interventions are discussed. PMID:22120422

Edidin, Jennifer P; Ganim, Zoe; Hunter, Scott J; Karnik, Niranjan S

2012-06-01

96

Youth  

MedlinePLUS

... youth homelessness based on current evidence about what works. Click here to find out more about the Framework. Communities Engaged in Youth Homelessness In communities across the country, organizations, schools, researchers, philanthropic partners and young people are ...

97

Supporting Homeless Youth during the Transition to Adulthood: Housing-Based Independent Living Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While many young people depend on parental financial and emotional support well past the age of 18, those who are homeless must make the transition to adulthood without that support. This article discusses the needs of homeless youth as they transition to adulthood. It then describes three housing-based independent living programs designed to…

Dworsky, Amy

2010-01-01

98

Dimensions and Correlates of Client Satisfaction: An Evaluation of a Shelter for Runaway and Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Client satisfaction surveys give clients a voice in the planning and management of services. While their use is quite widespread, they have hardly at all been used in the evaluation of shelters for homeless youths. In this article, the authors present findings of a client satisfaction survey conducted among residents of a shelter for homeless

Spiro, Shimon E.; Dekel, Rachel; Peled, Einat

2009-01-01

99

Substance use and risky sexual behavior among homeless and runaway youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To (a) characterize human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related risk behaviors of homeless youth; (b) determine whether substance use is associated with risky sexual behavior in this population; and, if so, (c) explore explanations for this relationship.Methods: A purposive sample of 327 homeless youth (ages 14–21 years) in Washington, DC, were surveyed in 1995 and 1996. Survey items were adapted from

SusanL Bailey; CarolS Camlin; SusanT Ennett

1998-01-01

100

Report to the Congress on the Runaway and Homeless Youth Program of the Family and Youth Services Bureau for Fiscal Years 1993 and 1994.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report to Congress on the Federal Runaway and Homeless Youth Program summarizes the work of the Family and Youth Services Bureau (FSYB) and its grantees during fiscal years (FY) 1993 and 1994. In FY 1994, the FSYB celebrated its twentieth anniversary. During the first 20 years of the Runaway and Homeless Youth Program, the FSYB conducted a…

Johnson, Bassin, and Shaw, Inc., Silver Spring, MD.

101

A strengths based method for homeless youth: Effectiveness and fidelity of Houvast  

PubMed Central

Background While homelessness among youth is a serious problem, there is little information about evidence-based interventions for homeless youth. In cooperation with professionals and youths, Wolf (2012) developed Houvast (Dutch for ‘grip’): a strengths based method grounded in scientific and practice evidence. The main aim of Houvast is to improve the quality of life of homeless youths by focusing on their strengths, thus stimulating their capacity for autonomy and self-reliance. Method/Design The effectiveness and fidelity of Houvast will be tested in ten Dutch services for homeless youth which are randomly allocated to an intervention group (n = 5), or a control group which provides care as usual (n = 5). Measurements of both objective and subjective quality of life and secondary outcomes (mental and physical health, substance use, coping, resilience, psychological needs, care needs, working relationship with the professional and attainment of personal goals) will be conducted among homeless youths (n = 251). Youths in both groups will be interviewed by means of a structured interview at baseline, at time of ending care or after having received care for six months (T1) and at nine months after baseline (T2). Model fidelity will be tested around T1. Discussion This study is unique as it includes a large number of homeless youths who are followed for a period of nine months, and because it focuses on a strengths based approach. If the Houvast method proves to be effective in improving quality of life it will be the first evidence-based intervention for homeless youth. Trail registration Netherlands Trail Register (NTR):NTR3254

2013-01-01

102

Homeless, Not Hopeless: Ensuring Educational Opportunity for America's Homeless Children and Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This position document is introduced by a fact sheet that lists the numbers of homeless people and the appropriations for various programs that assist homeless people. The executive summary discusses: (1) the plight of homeless children; (2) the passage of the McKinney Homeless Assistance Amendments of 1990 by the U.S. Congress; (3) services…

Johnson, Joseph F., Jr., Ed.; Wand, Barbara, Ed.

103

Homeless Children and Youth: A New American Dilemma.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These 11 reports focus on policy responses to the needs of very young children who are part of a homeless family, and older young people who are homeless but on their own. The following chapters are included: (1) J. M. Molnar's introduction to the relationship between chronic poverty and homelessness; (2) "Beyond the Numbers: Homeless Families…

Kryder-Coe, Julee H., Ed.; And Others

104

Comparison of HIV Risks among Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Heterosexual Homeless Youth  

PubMed Central

Youth who are homeless and gay, lesbian or bisexual (GLB) are one of the most disenfranchised and marginalized groups in our society. The purpose of this study is to examine and compare HIV in GLB homeless youth with their heterosexual counterparts. Participants for this study included 268 youth involved in treatment outcome studies with substance abusing homeless youth. Results suggest that GLB youth have greater HIV risks and that these risks are greater among bisexual females. In examining the predictors of sexual health risks, survival sex emerged as the most significant. Survival sex was high among females regardless of their sexual orientation and also among gay males. Implications of these findings suggest that a greater emphasis needs to be paid to preventive interventions among this population.

Gangamma, Rashmi; Toviessi, Paula; Serovich, Julianne

2008-01-01

105

How to open and sustain a drop-in center for homeless youth?  

PubMed Central

Drop-in centers have the potential to facilitate engagement of homeless youth into treatment and back into the mainstream. However, little guidance was found in the literature regarding how to open and sustain a drop-in center for homeless youth. This paper offers such guidance, including information that may be useful for developing a change philosophy that guides the center structure, and for identifying a building and location conducive to facilitate activities and access for the youth. Guidance for structuring the drop-in center and for hiring and training staff is also offered. Since the U.S. suffers from a dearth of services for homeless youth, the direction offered in this paper may help guide those who seek to provide services to these vulnerable and underserved youth.

Slesnick, Natasha; Glassman, Michael; Garren, Rikki; Toviessi, Paula; Bantchevska, Denitza; Dashora, Pushpanjali

2008-01-01

106

Understanding Pregnancy-Related Attitudes and Behaviors: A Mixed-Methods Study of Homeless Youth  

PubMed Central

CONTEXT Pregnancy rates are substantially higher among homeless youth than in the general population of youth, yet little is known about homeless adolescents’ and young adults’ pregnancy-related attitudes and behaviors. METHODS Pregnancy-related attitudes and behaviors were examined among two samples of sexually active homeless 13–24-year-olds in Los Angeles County. Data from 37 semistructured interviews conducted in March–April 2011 were analyzed using standard qualitative methods. Data from a structured survey with 277 respondents, conducted between October 2008 and August 2009, were analyzed primarily using regression modeling. RESULTS More than half of interview respondents held ambivalent attitudes toward pregnancy, and ambivalent youth reported less contraceptive use than others. The interviews identified several potential influences on pregnancy attitudes: barriers associated with homelessness, readiness to settle down, desire to achieve goals, belief that a child would create something positive in life, and family and partners. In the survey, having positive attitudes toward pregnancy was positively associated with duration of homelessness (odds ratio, 1.6), contact with relatives (1.1) and relationship commitment (1.8); it was negatively associated with frequency of drinking (0.9). Relationship commitment was positively associated with nonuse of an effective contraceptive method at last sex (1.5). CONCLUSIONS Effective and accessible pregnancy prevention and family planning programs for homeless youth are needed. Youths’ ambivalence toward pregnancy and feelings of relationship commitment warrant attention as possible areas for programs to address.

Tucker, Joan S.; Sussell, Jesse; Golinelli, Daniela; Zhou, Annie; Kennedy, David P.; Wenzel, Suzanne L.

2012-01-01

107

Responding to the School Mobility of Children and Youth Experiencing Homelessness: The McKinney-Vento Act and Beyond.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the school mobility of children and youth experiencing homelessness and the success of the McKinney-Vento Act (designed to limit the negative effects of school mobility on homeless students) in addressing this mobility. Proposes that affordable housing is the key to eliminating the mobility associated with homelessness and consequently…

Julianelle, Patricia F.; Foscarinis, Maria

2003-01-01

108

A Qualitative Study of Early Family Histories and Transitions of Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using intensive qualitative interviews with 40 homeless youth, this study examined their early family histories for abuse, neglect, and other family problems and the number and types of transitions that youth experienced. Multiple forms of child maltreatment, family alcoholism, drug use, and criminal activity characterized early family histories…

Tyler, Kimberly A.

2006-01-01

109

The Educational Success of Homeless Youth in California: Challenges and Solutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The California Research Bureau (CRB), in participation with the California Council on Youth Relations (CCYR), and with support from The California Wellness Foundation, has been conducting a major research and policy initiative to bring attention to the issues facing homeless youth in California. These include lack of shelter and educational…

Julianelle, Patricia F.

2007-01-01

110

Risk Factors for Sexual Victimization Among Male and Female Homeless and Runaway Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Risk factors associated with the likelihood of being sexually victimized by a stranger or friend/acquaintance since being on the street was examined among 372 homeless and runaway youth. Young people were interviewed on the streets and in shelters by outreach workers using a systematic sampling strategy. Youth who engaged in more high-risk…

Tyler, Kimberly A.; Whitbeck, Les B.; Hoyt, Dan R.; Cauce, Ana Mari

2004-01-01

111

A Guide to Enhancing the Cultural Competence of Runaway and Homeless Youth Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In June 1993, the Family and Youth Services Bureau brought together a working group to help local programs for runaway and homeless youth better meet the needs of an increasingly diverse population of young people. Strategies developed by this working group are shared in this guide. The introductory chapter provides a framework within which local…

Johnson, Bassin, and Shaw, Inc., Silver Spring, MD.

112

Social connectedness and self-esteem: predictors of resilience in mental health among maltreated homeless youth.  

PubMed

The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to explore social connectedness and self-esteem as predictors of resilience among homeless youth with histories of maltreatment. Connectedness variables included family connectedness, school connectedness, and affiliation with prosocial peers. The sample included 150 homeless youth aged 14 to 21 (mean age = 18 years) with the majority being an ethnic minority. Participants completed surveys using audio-CASI. Results revealed that youth with higher levels of social connectedness and self-esteem reported lower levels of psychological distress. When all predictor variables were controlled in the analysis, self-esteem remained significant for predicting better mental health. PMID:24597587

Dang, Michelle T

2014-03-01

113

Individual and Social Network Sexual Behavior Norms of Homeless Youth at High Risk for HIV Infection  

PubMed Central

Although previous research shows that homeless youth engage in numerous risky sexual behaviors, little is known about whether or not specific rules govern this conduct within their social networks and how group norms influence subsequent sexual actions. The current study utilizes 19 in-depth interviews with homeless youth to investigate different elements of their sexual behavior. Findings reveal that their decision to have sex generally depends on chemistry and physical appearance whereas a potential partner’s risky sexual history and heavy substance use discourages youth from engaging in sex. Both males and females discuss condom usage as it relates to unknown sexual history, availability, pregnancy, and the prevention of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Sixteen homeless youth indicate that they do not discuss safe sex practices with their partners or social network members.

Tyler, Kimberly A.; Melander, Lisa A.

2012-01-01

114

The Education for Homeless Children and Youth Program: Learning To Succeed. Volume II. Educating Homeless Children and Youth: A Resource Guide to Promoting Practices. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide suggests strategies to help states, districts, and schools overcome barriers that keep homeless children and youth from getting the education to which they are entitled, presenting approaches for helping them achieve the same high standards expected of all children. The promising practices all come from states and districts that have…

Funkhouser, Janie E.; Riley, Derek L.; Suh, H. Jenny; Lennon, Jean M.

115

Explaining homeless youths' criminal justice interactions: childhood trauma or surviving life on the streets?  

PubMed

Homeless youth are at increased risk for involvement in the criminal justice system. This study investigated childhood trauma as a risk factor for arrest or jail among a sample of youth seeking services at drop in, shelter, and transitional housing settings, while controlling for more established risk factors including: substance use, peer deviance, and engagement in survival behaviors. Standardized and researcher developed measures collected quantitative data through face-to-face interviews with youth (N = 202). Two sequential logic regression models identified significant predictors of arrest and jail, with a particular interest in the effects of childhood maltreatment. Youth with a history of physical abuse were nearly twice as likely to be arrested and to be jailed compared to non-abused youth, controlling for the significant influence of drug use and survival behaviors. These findings suggest the need for trauma screening and trauma-informed services for homeless youth at risk of illegal behavior. PMID:24337524

Yoder, Jamie Rae; Bender, Kimberly; Thompson, Sanna J; Ferguson, Kristin M; Haffejee, Badiah

2014-02-01

116

Falling through the Gaps: Homeless Children and Youth. Fact Sheet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In each state, between 41 percent and 91 percent of the homeless students identified by the U.S. Department of Education (ED) are not considered homeless by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). Nationwide, as many as 715,238 homeless students fall into a bureaucratic gap between HUD and ED. This is because ED, HUD, and other…

Lovell, Phillip; DeBaun, Bill

2012-01-01

117

Out of the Shadows: Building an Agenda and Strategies for Preventing HIV Infection and AIDS among Street and Homeless Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes the findings of a conference that examined the problem of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) among street and homeless youth. Street and homeless youth, by virtue of their circumstances and the behaviors they engage in, are at great risk of becoming infected with HIV,…

Center for Population Options, Washington, DC.

118

Runaway and Homeless Youth Grants: Improvements Needed in the Grant Award Process. Report to Congressional Committees. GAO-10-335  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) awards grants to provide shelter and services to runaway and homeless youth through the Basic Center, Transitional Living and Street Outreach Programs. In response to a mandate for a review of the grant award process for these programs in the Reconnecting Homeless Youth Act of 2008 (Pub. L. No.…

Brown, Kay E.

2010-01-01

119

A Snapshot of Homelessness in Massachusetts Public High Schools: 2005 Massachusetts Youth Risk Behavior Survey and Massachusetts Annual Homeless Enrollment Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data collected by the Massachusetts Department of Education (Department) during the 2005 Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) suggest that, despite significant efforts to identify homeless students, many are going undetected by their schools. Since the reauthorization of the McKinney Vento Homeless Assistance Education Improvement Act under the No…

Massachusetts Department of Education, 2007

2007-01-01

120

A snapshot of substance abuse among homeless and runaway youth in Denver, Colorado.  

PubMed

We report on results of a one-day survey measuring rates of substance use and HIV risk behaviors among the homeless youth population of Denver, Colorado. On March 15, 2001, staff of Urban Peak, conducted a single-day survey of homeless and runaway youth in the Denver metropolitan region, going to locations known to be frequented by this population. All youth encountered were asked to fill out a brief survey asking about past nine month use of the following substances: alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, methamphetamine, heroin, hallucinogens, ecstasy and ketamine, and HIV risk behaviors. Chi-square analyses of the association of substance used and gender, age, living situation, and ethnicity were conducted. In addition, the use of any club drug was examined. One-hundred-eighty-six homeless or runaway youth were surveyed; 74 percent were between 16 and 25. Rates of use over the last nine months were as follows: alcohol, 69 percent; marijuana, 75 percent; methamphetamine, 18 percent; cocaine, 19 percent; heroin, 12 percent; hallucinogens, 30 percent; ecstasy, 25 percent; and ketamine, 13 percent. Eleven percent reported trading sex for drugs, money, food, or shelter; and 13 percent reported sharing needles. There were significant associations between living situation and use of marijuana, cocaine and hallucinogens. Prevalence rates of club drugs show 75 percent, 77 percent and 77 percent of homeless or runaway youth ihaving used ecstasy, ketamine and hallucinogens one to three times per month over the last nine months, respectively. Prevalence rates of substance use among homeless youth in the Denver metropolitan are similar to rates reported in other larger metropolitan areas. Routine screening for every substance needs to be part of the assessment for all homeless youth. Initial data points to a need for more research exploring protective factors among this population and to better understand the prevalence of club drug use. PMID:15141897

Van Leeuwen, James M; Hopfer, Christian; Hooks, Sabrina; White, Roxane; Petersen, Jerene; Pirkopf, John

2004-06-01

121

The Challenge of Pregnancy among Homeless Youth: Reclaiming a Lost Opportunity  

PubMed Central

Young, homeless women often become pregnant, but little is known about how street youth experience their pregnancies. We documented 26 pregnancy outcomes among 13 homeless women (ages 18–26) and eight homeless men through interviews and participant-observation. Eight pregnancies were voluntarily terminated, three were miscarried, and fifteen were carried to term. Regardless of pregnancy outcome, street youths’ narratives focused on ambivalence about parenting, traumatic childhood experiences, and current challenges. Despite significant obstacles, almost all were convinced of their personal capacity to change their lives. While most wanted to be parents, the majority lost custody of their newborns and consequently associated contact with medical and social services with punitive outcomes. Most of the youth who chose to terminate successfully sought safe medical care. We offer recommendations for changing the approach of services to take full advantage of pregnancy as a potential catalyst event for change in this highly vulnerable and underserved population.

Smid, Marcela; Bourgois, Philippe; Auerswald, Colette L.

2011-01-01

122

Homelessness Comes to School: How Homeless Children and Youths Can Succeed  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homelessness is a complex and layered phenomenon, but schools can be effective in reducing its educational consequences. Schools currently are not doing enough. The next step is to consider the services that are needed for students as they arrive on the school campus. Taking care of homeless children in school systems involves seven provisos:…

Murphy, Joseph F.; Tobin, Kerri J.

2011-01-01

123

Social Network and Individual Correlates of Sexual Risk Behavior Among Homeless MSM Youth  

PubMed Central

Purpose There is growing interest in network-based interventions to reduce HIV sexual risk behavior among both homeless youth and men who have sex with men (MSM). The goal of this study is to better understand the social network and individual correlates of sexual risk behavior among homeless MSM youth in order to inform these HIV prevention efforts. Methods A multi-stage sampling design was used to recruit a probability sample of 121 homeless MSM youth (ages 16–24) from shelters, drop-in centers, and street venues in Los Angeles County. Face-to-face interviews were conducted. Due to the different distributions of the three outcome variables, three distinct regression models were needed: ordinal logistic regression for unprotected sex; zero-truncated Poisson regression for number of sex partners; and logistic regression for any sex trade. Results Homeless MSM youth were less likely to engage in unprotected sex and had fewer sex partners if their networks included platonic ties to peers who regularly attended school, and had fewer sex partners if most of their network members were not heavy drinkers. Most other aspects of network composition were unrelated to sexual risk behavior. Individual predictors of sexual risk behavior included being older, Hispanic, lower education, depressive symptoms, less positive condom attitudes, and sleeping outdoors because of nowhere else to stay. Conclusions HIV prevention programs for homeless MSM youth may warrant a multi-pronged approach that helps these youth strengthen their ties to prosocial peers, develop more positive condom attitudes, and access needed mental health and housing services.

Tucker, Joan S.; Hu, Jianhui; Golinelli, Daniela; Kennedy, David P.; Green, Harold D.; Wenzel, Suzanne L.

2012-01-01

124

A cluster analysis of service utilization and incarceration among homeless youth  

PubMed Central

Our paper examines service usage (e.g., shelter) as well as a typology of individuals who are most likely to use groupings of services among 249 homeless youth. Our results revealed that the majority of homeless young people have used food programs (66%) and street outreach (65%) on at least one occasion within the past year. Cluster analysis of services revealed four distinct groups: (1) basic survival service use, characterized by above average shelter, food, and outreach service use, but below average on counseling, substance abuse/ mental health services, and incarceration; (2) multiple service use, which included above average use of all six services; (3) incarceration experience, characterized by above average incarceration experience, but below average use of all other five services; and (4) minimal service use, which included slightly above average use of counseling, but below average use of all other services. These findings have the potential to provide important information that may assist with targeting services to homeless youth.

Kort-Butler, Lisa A.; Tyler, Kimberly A.

2012-01-01

125

Position-Specific HIV Risk in a Large Network of Homeless Youths  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We examined interconnections among runaway and homeless youths (RHYs) and how aggregated network structure position was associated with HIV risk in this population. Methods. We collected individual and social network data from 136 RHYs. On the basis of these data, we generated a sociomatrix, accomplished network visualization with a “spring embedder,” and examined k-cores. We used multivariate logistic regression models to assess associations between peripheral and nonperipheral network position and recent unprotected sexual intercourse. Results. Small numbers of nominations at the individual level aggregated into a large social network with a visible core, periphery, and small clusters. Female youths were more likely to be in the core, as were youths who had been homeless for 2 years or more. Youths at the periphery were less likely to report unprotected intercourse and had been homeless for a shorter duration. Conclusions. HIV risk was a function of risk-taking youths' connections with one another and was associated with position in the overall network structure. Social network–based prevention programs, young women's housing and health programs, and housing-first programs for peripheral youths could be effective strategies for preventing HIV among this population.

Barman-Adhikari, Anamika; Milburn, Norweeta G.; Monro, William

2012-01-01

126

ARRESTS AMONG HOMELESS AND RUNAWAY YOUTHS: THE EFFECTS OF RACE AND GENDER  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the contributions of race and gender to the likelihood of a first post-run arrest for a more serious and less serious offense in a sample of homeless and runaway youths from four Midwestern states. Event history analysis was used to test the hypothesis that race and gender would interact so that the likelihood of a first post-run

Kevin A. Yoder; Ed A. Muńoz; Les B. Whitbeck; Dan R. Hoyt; Barbara J. McMorris

2005-01-01

127

The Economic Crisis Hits Home: The Unfolding Increase in Child & Youth Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the economic downturn has appropriately become the top priority of policy makers, one element of the crisis has gone largely unnoticed: its impact on children and youth. Largely due to the economic and housing crises, many school districts across the country report increases in the number of homeless students in the classroom. "The Economic…

Duffield, Barbara; Lovell, Phillip

2008-01-01

128

Correlates of Engaging in Survival Sex among Homeless Youth and Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a sample of 1,625 homeless youth and young adults aged 10 to 25 from 28 different states in the United States, this study examines the correlates of having engaged in survival sex. Findings suggest that differences exist based on demographic variables (gender, age, race, and sexual orientation), lifetime drug use (inhalants, Valium™, crack cocaine, alcohol, Coricidin™, and morphine), recent

N. Eugene Walls; Stephanie Bell

2010-01-01

129

Prep/Tech: Volume 1, No. 1, Youth on homelessness  

SciTech Connect

PREP/TECH is a skill development, academic enrichment program of U. of Toledo in Toledo OH and The Engineers Foundation of Ohio; it addresses the mathematics, science, language, and intellectual needs of about 100 African-American and Hispanic-American 7th, 8th, and 9th graders in Toledo. This summer, after 3 weeks of classes, the 80 students returned for a second 3 week session and were divided into two groups, one studying the growing problem of homelessness in America. This group researched and published a pamphlet on homelessness. This report is divided into: myths, causes, descriptions, and solutions. Finally, a brief account is given of the homelessness project.

NONE

1995-12-31

130

A Review of Services and Interventions for Runaway and Homeless Youth: Moving Forward  

PubMed Central

Research focused on the impact of community-based services and treatment interventions designed to intervene in the lives of runaway and homeless youth has increased in the last two decades in the U.S. and internationally. In light of the tremendous need for identifying effective strategies to end homelessness and its associated problems among youth, this paper summarizes and critiques the findings of the extant literature including U.S., international, and qualitative studies. Thirty-two papers met criteria for inclusion in the review. Among the conclusions are that comprehensive interventions which target the varied and interconnected needs of these youth and families may be worthy of more study than studies that isolate the intervention focus on one problem. Also, more research incorporating design strategies that increase the reliability and validity of study findings is needed. Other preliminary conclusions and future directions are offered.

Slesnick, Natasha; Dashora, Pushpanjali; Letcher, Amber; Erdem, Gizem; Serovich, Julianne

2009-01-01

131

Factors Associated with Motivation to Change HIV Risk and Substance Use Behaviors among Homeless Youth  

PubMed Central

This study sought to identify and compare variables associated with motivation to change alcohol, drug use, and HIV risk behaviors among a sample of homeless youths. More frequent alcohol use, older age, and childhood sexual abuse was associated with greater motivation to change alcohol use; higher reported negative consequences of substance use was associated with higher motivation to reduce illicit drug use. Shorter periods of current homelessness predicted higher motivation to change HIV risk behaviors. Findings suggest these areas might be fruitful targets of intervention efforts to enhance motivation to reduce alcohol and illicit drug use and HIV risk behaviors.

Collins, Jennifer; Slesnick, Natasha

2011-01-01

132

Mean Streets: Youth Crime and Homelessness. Cambridge Criminology Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the social worlds of homeless children in two Canadian cities, Toronto and Vancouver, comparing them with the environments of in-home and in-school children from the perspective of the children. Samples of 390 and 482 children were interviewed. The following chapters are included: (1) "Street and School Criminologies"; (2)…

Hagan, John; McCarthy, Bill

133

A sample of homeless and runaway youth in New Jersey and their health status.  

PubMed

In this study of homeless and runaway young people served by youth shelters in New Jersey mental health problems were predominant. They include anxiety, depression, suicide attempts, drug and alcohol abuse. The sample exhibited high levels of general behavioral problems and school and/or peer problems. One quarter of the sample had had trouble with the law. About two thirds of the sample were homeless rather than runaway. For a similar proportion of the sample this was a repeat experience and/or had lasted a week or more. Only one third were able to be reunited with their families after being served. The prognosis for these youth is poor without specific programs to protect them and their physical and mental health. PMID:10170842

Shane, P G

1991-01-01

134

Youth and Teens Page  

MedlinePLUS

... we profile one organization […] Framework to End Youth Homelessness April 14th, 2014 | Tags: National Network for Youth , National Summit on Youth Homelessness , NN4Y , Youth Homelessness In America: The Current Status ...

135

To Whom Do They Belong? "A Profile of America's Runaway and Homeless Youth and the Programs That Help Them."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A profile and needs assessment of runaway and homeless children was produced using survey data gathered from 210 youth services agencies throughout the United States. The National Network of Runaway and Youth Services conducted this survey to provide policymakers and the media with information about successful, cost-effective crisis intervention…

National Network of Runaway and Youth Services, Inc., Washington, DC.

136

Youth homelessness in San Francisco: A life cycle approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

HIV risk behaviors and seroprevalence are particularly high among street youth. Though many programs have been designed to serve them, street youth have low rates of service utilization. The aim of this street-based, ethnographic project was to study the social and cultural context of street life in this population. Data were collected by participant observation, exploratory interviews and semi-structured interviews.

Colette L. Auerswald; Stephen L. Eyre

2002-01-01

137

Youth with Runaway, Throwaway, and Homeless Experiences...Prevalence, Drug Use, and Other At-Risk Behaviors. A FYSB Research Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Professionals who work with runaway, throwaway, and homeless youth have long known that many of these young people leave home to escape abusive and/or destructive family situations. This update presents the findings of a national study on such children. Results of the study, "Youth with Runaway, Throwaway, and Homeless Experiences: Prevalence,…

Johnson, Bassin, and Shaw, Inc., Silver Spring, MD.

138

Influence of Gang Membership on Negative Affect, Substance Use, and Antisocial Behavior Among Homeless African American Male Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study examined differences between gang-involved and non-gang-involved homeless African American male youth with regard to negative affect, substance use, and antisocial\\/violent behavior. A total of 69 homeless African American young men were recruited from community agencies and completed structured face-to-face interviews. Overall, gang members reported higher rates of negative mental and physical health outcomes than did non-gang members,

Gary W. Harper; Jonathan Davidson; Sybil G. Hosek

2008-01-01

139

Merging the fields of mental health and social enterprise: lessons from abroad and cumulative findings from research with homeless youths.  

PubMed

Despite the growing integration of supported employment within the mental health system in the United States as well as the widespread use of social enterprises abroad, the fields of mental health and social enterprises remain largely separate in the USA. The mental health field currently lacks a response that strengthens homeless youths' existing human and social capital, provides them with marketable job skills and employment, and impacts their mental health. To address this gap, this paper establishes a case for using social enterprises with homeless youths, drawing on both global precedents and findings from a mixed-methods study of a social enterprise intervention with homeless youths. Recommendations are offered for how to integrate social enterprises with mental health treatment as well as how to evaluate their impact on mental health outcomes. PMID:21964720

Ferguson, Kristin M

2012-08-01

140

Mobilizing Homeless Youth for HIV Prevention: A Social Network Analysis of the Acceptability of a Face-to-Face and Online Social Networking Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of the study is to use social network analysis to examine the acceptability of a youth-led, hybrid face-to-face and online social networking HIV prevention program for homeless youth. Seven peer leaders (PLs) engaged face-to-face homeless youth (F2F) in the creation of digital media projects (e.g. You Tube videos). PL and F2F…

Rice, Eric; Tulbert, Eve; Cederbaum, Julie; Adhikari, Anamika Barman; Milburn, Norweeta G.

2012-01-01

141

Online Social Networking Technologies, HIV Knowledge, and Sexual Risk and Testing Behaviors Among Homeless Youth  

PubMed Central

This study evaluates associations between online social networking and sexual health behaviors among homeless youth in Los Angeles. We analyzed survey data from 201 homeless youth accessing services at a Los Angeles agency. Multivariate (regression and logistic) models assessed whether use of (and topics discussed on) online social networking technologies affect HIV knowledge, sexual risk behaviors, and testing for sexually transmitted infections (STIs). One set of results suggests that using online social networks for partner seeking (compared to not using the networks for seeking partners) is associated with increased sexual risk behaviors. Supporting data suggest that (1) using online social networks to talk about safe sex is associated with an increased likelihood of having met a recent sex partner online, and (2) having online sex partners and talking to friends on online social networks about drugs and partying is associated with increased exchange sex. However, results also suggest that online social network usage is associated with increased knowledge and HIV/STI prevention among homeless youth: (1) using online social networks to talk about love and safe sex is associated with increased knowledge about HIV, (2) using the networks to talk about love is associated with decreased exchange sex, and (3) merely being a member of an online social network is associated with increased likelihood of having previously tested for STIs. Taken together, this study suggests that online social networking and the topics discussed on these networks can potentially increase and decrease sexual risk behaviors depending on how the networks are used. Developing sexual health services and interventions on online social networks could reduce sexual risk behaviors.

Rice, Eric

2010-01-01

142

Influence of gang membership on negative affect, substance use, and antisocial behavior among homeless African American male youth.  

PubMed

The current study examined differences between gang-involved and non-gang-involved homeless African American male youth with regard to negative affect, substance use, and antisocial/violent behavior. A total of 69 homeless African American young men were recruited from community agencies and completed structured face-to-face interviews. Overall, gang members reported higher rates of negative mental and physical health outcomes than did non-gang members, with current gang members reporting higher levels of depression and anxiety, greater levels of antisocial and violent behavior, and higher levels of lifetime alcohol and marijuana use. Multiple linear regression analyses revealed that greater levels of gang involvement were associated with more frequent lifetime use of alcohol and marijuana and higher levels of participation in violent behaviors. Implications of these findings for interventions with homeless African American male youth and future research directions are discussed. PMID:19477786

Harper, Gary W; Davidson, Jonathan; Hosek, Sybil G

2008-09-01

143

The Mediating Roles of Stress and Maladaptive Behaviors on Self-Harm and Suicide Attempts among Runaway and Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Runaway and homeless youth often have a constellation of background behavioral, emotional, and familial problems that contribute to stress and maladaptive behaviors, which, in turn, can lead to self-harming and suicidal behaviors. The current study examined the roles of stress and maladaptive behaviors as mediators between demographic and…

Moskowitz, Amanda; Stein, Judith A.; Lightfoot, Marguerita

2013-01-01

144

Homeless Gay and Transgender Youth of Color in San Francisco: "No One Likes Street Kids"--Even in the Castro  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study, focused on five transgender and gay youth of color from San Francisco, explored how family problems, poverty, homophobia, and transphobia propelled them into homelessness and made gay-friendly spaces and resources especially meaningful to them. These young people describe seeking support in San Francisco's well-known gay enclave, the…

Reck, Jen

2009-01-01

145

Joined-Up Practice: Five Areas of Exemplary Practice for Social Workers and Educators to Re-Engage Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people seen as "at risk" are a substantial focus across a wide range of policy and practice fields in national and international contexts. This article addresses two of those fields, youth homelessness and young people failing to obtain a basic education that will give them access to employment and full community participation. By comparing…

Crane, Phil; Livock, Cheryl

2012-01-01

146

Decision Processes about Condom Use among Shelter-Homeless LGBT Youth in Manhattan  

PubMed Central

Health behavior interventions based on Theory of Planned Behavior address participants' personally-held beliefs, perceived social norms, and control over the behavior. New data are always needed to “member check” participants' decision processes and inform interventions. This qualitative study investigates decision processes around condom use among 81 homeless LGBT youth ages 18–26. Findings indicated considerable endorsement of the conventional policy of always using condoms, promulgated in HIV prevention education targeting this population. Although some participants reported risk behavior in contexts of sex work, survival sex, casual encounters, open relationships, and substance use, most were aware of these risks and consistently safe in those situations. Condoms use boundaries became vulnerable in states of emotional need and negative mood. The only effect participants acknowledged of homelessness on condom use was indirect, through negative mood states. The most prevalent context of condom non-use was with long-term primary partners, a potential area of vulnerability because, of 13 participants for HIV or HCV, nine mentioned how they had been infected, and all nine believed they had acquired it from a primary partner. Findings imply programs should emphasize HIV risk potential within long-term romantic partnerships and mental health services to remediate negative mood states.

Ream, Geoffrey L.; Barnhart, Kate F.; Lotz, Kevin V.

2012-01-01

147

San Francisco Plan to Abolish Chronic Homelessness.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development defines a 'chronically homeless person' as 'an unaccompanied disabled individual who has been sleeping in one or more places not meant for human habitation or in one or more emergency homeless shelters ...

2004-01-01

148

45 CFR 1351.19 - What additional information should an applicant or grantee have about a Runaway and Homeless...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...applicant or grantee have about a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant? 1351.19 Section...FAMILY AND YOUTH SERVICES BUREAU RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH PROGRAM Runaway and Homeless Youth Program Grant § 1351.19...

2010-10-01

149

45 CFR 1351.19 - What additional information should an applicant or grantee have about a Runaway and Homeless...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...applicant or grantee have about a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant? 1351.19 Section...FAMILY AND YOUTH SERVICES BUREAU RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH PROGRAM Runaway and Homeless Youth Program Grant § 1351.19...

2013-10-01

150

45 CFR 1351.19 - What additional information should an applicant or grantee have about a Runaway and Homeless...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...applicant or grantee have about a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant? 1351.19 Section...FAMILY AND YOUTH SERVICES BUREAU RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH PROGRAM Runaway and Homeless Youth Program Grant § 1351.19...

2009-10-01

151

Separate and Unequal: A Report on Educational Barriers for Homeless Children & Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To update previous reports about the education provided for homeless children, the National Law Center conducted a survey of providers of services for the homeless and of other advocates for the homeless. The 80 respondents represented 64 family shelter providers in 33 states. Nearly 79% of respondents reported that transportation is a barrier for…

McCarthy, Sarah

152

Families on the Edge: Homeless Young Parents and Their Welfare Experiences. A Survey of Homeless Youth and Service Providers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines the experiences of homeless young parents with the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program, which can be an important tool in helping them achieve long-term stability and economic self-sufficiency. The 1996 welfare reform act included special provisions that applied only to minor teen parents, requiring them to…

Reeg, Bob; Grisham, Christine; Shepard, Annie

153

'To the streets cuz we're on the streets': Exploring the controversy of homeless youth activism in Kitchener-Waterloo (Ontario)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Throughout the past years, homeless youth have been involved in activism in Kitchener-Waterloo (K-W), a mid-size city located in southern Ontario. Such activism has caused a great deal of controversy in the K-W community. The main objective of this research was to explore that controversy. The three main research questions used to explore this controversy were: (1) Why do homeless

Nadia Hausfather

2005-01-01

154

Increased Substance Use and Risky Sexual Behavior among Migratory Homeless Youth: Exploring the Role of Social Network Composition  

PubMed Central

Travelers are a migratory subgroup of homeless youth who may be especially prone to engaging in risky behavior. This study compared the substance use and sexual behavior of young homeless travelers and non-travelers to evaluate the extent and possible sources of travelers' increased risk. Data came from face-to-face interviews with 419 homeless youth (36.6% female, 34.0% white, 23.9% African American, and 20.0% Hispanic) between the ages of 13 and 24 years (M = 20.1 years, SD = 2.5) who were randomly sampled from 41 shelters, drop-in centers, and street sites in Los Angeles. Travelers were almost twice as likely as non-travelers to exhibit recent heavy drinking, 37% more likely to exhibit recent marijuana use, and five times as likely to have injected drugs. Travelers also had more recent sex partners and were more likely to report having casual or need-based sexual partners and combining sex with substance use. Mediation analyses suggest that travelers' deviant peer associations and disconnection to conventional individuals and institutions may drive their elevated substance use. Differences in sexual risk behaviors are likely attributable to demographic differences between the two groups. Overall, these differences between travelers and non-travelers suggest different service needs and the need for different service approaches.

Martino, Steven C.; Tucker, Joan S.; Ryan, Gery; Wenzel, Suzanne L.; Golinelli, Daniela; Munjas, Brett

2011-01-01

155

Institutional Discharges and Subsequent Shelter Use among Unaccompanied Adults in New York City  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study empirically examines the link between homelessness and discharges from other institutions. An administrative record match was undertaken to determine rates of discharge from institutional care for 9,247 unaccompanied adult shelter users in New York City. Cluster analysis and multinomial logistic regression analysis was then used to…

Metraux, Stephen; Byrne, Thomas; Culhane, Dennis P.

2010-01-01

156

The McKinney-Vento Education for Homeless Children and Youth Program: Implications for Special Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the 2008-2009 academic school year, nearly a million (956,914) students were reported by school districts as being homeless, a 41% increase over just a 2-year period year. The purpose of this article is to provide a brief overview of national legislative efforts to address the education of children who are homeless, with a particular…

Losinski, Mickey; Katsiyannis, Antonis; Ryan, Joseph B.

2013-01-01

157

The Texas State Plan for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Texas's state plan for homeless education is presented in response to requirements of Title VII-B of the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act of 1987. The plan is comprised of prefatory material, four main sections, and four appendices. The prefatory material consists of the following parts: (1) a prefatory statement; (2) a copy of the…

Texas Education Agency, Austin. Div. of Special Programs.

158

How Runaway and Homeless Youth Navigate Troubled Waters: Personal Strengths and Resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little attention has been paid to how runaway or homeless adolescents are able to make successful transitions into adulthood. This article reports on partial findings from an exploratory study of the research question, “How do formerly runaway and homeless adolescents navigate the troubled waters of leaving home, living in high-risk environments, and engaging in dangerous behaviors, to make successful developmental

Elizabeth W. Lindsey; P. David Kurtz; Sara Jarvis; Nancy R. Williams; Larry Nackerud

2000-01-01

159

Invited Commentary: Seeking a Coherent Strategy in Our Response to Homeless and Street-Involved Youth--A Historical Review and Suggested Future Directions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This invited commentary seeks to encourage a critical dialogue about youth homelessness that might assist in re-energizing a field that seems increasingly stagnant with a research body focused primarily on analyses of risk, hopelessly inadequate policy frameworks in most cities, diminishing funds for services, and decreasing media attention.…

Kidd, Sean

2012-01-01

160

Becoming homeless, being homeless, and resolving homelessness among women.  

PubMed

The purpose of this investigation was to more comprehensively articulate the experiences of homeless women and make evidence-based inferences regarding optimal social services. This study was conducted using qualitative meta-synthesis methods. As youth, homeless women experience challenging circumstances that leave them ill-prepared to prevent and resolve homelessness in adulthood. Resolution of homelessness occurs in iterative stages: crisis, assessment, and sustained action. To enhance forward progression through these stages, nurses are encouraged to promote empowerment in concordance with the Transtheoretical and Harm Reduction Models. Services that are highly valued include physical and mental health care and child care assistance. PMID:20521916

Finfgeld-Connett, Deborah

2010-07-01

161

The mediating roles of stress and maladaptive behaviors on self-harm and suicide attempts among runaway and homeless youth.  

PubMed

Runaway and homeless youth often have a constellation of background behavioral, emotional, and familial problems that contribute to stress and maladaptive behaviors, which, in turn, can lead to self-harming and suicidal behaviors. The current study examined the roles of stress and maladaptive behaviors as mediators between demographic and psychosocial background characteristics and self-injurious outcomes through the lens of the stress process paradigm. The model was tested in a sample of runaway and homeless youth from Los Angeles County (N = 474, age 12-24, 41 % female, 17 % White, 32.5 % African American, 21.5 % Hispanic/Latino). Background variables (gender, age, sexual minority status, parental drug use history, and emotional distress) predicted hypothesized mediators of maladaptive behaviors and recent stress. In turn, it was hypothesized that the mediators would predict self-harming behaviors and suicide attempts in the last 3 months. Females and LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender) youth were more likely to have self-harmed and attempted suicide; younger participants reported more self-harming. The mediating constructs were associated more highly with self-harming than suicide attempts bivariately, although differences were modest. Maladaptive behaviors and recent stress were significant predictors of self-harm, whereas only recent stress was a significant predictor of suicide attempts. All background factors were significant predictors of recent stress. Older age, a history of parental drug use, and greater emotional distress predicted problem drug use. Males, younger participants, and participants with emotional distress reported more delinquent behaviors. Significant indirect effects on self-harming behaviors were mediated through stress and maladaptive behaviors. The hypothesized paradigm was useful in explaining the associations among background factors and self-injurious outcomes and the influence of mediating factors on these associations. PMID:22814639

Moskowitz, Amanda; Stein, Judith A; Lightfoot, Marguerita

2013-07-01

162

Addressing Homelessness: Recent Happenings--Iowa, 2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide provides information on the following resources available to the homeless in Iowa: (1) Funding Sources for School District Programs Serving Homeless Students; (2) Local Educational Liaison for Homeless Children and Youth; (3) Homeless Advisory Committee; (4) Identification, Counting, and Maintaining Data at the Local School District…

Iowa Department of Education, 2004

2004-01-01

163

Pro-social and problematic social network influences on HIV/AIDS risk behaviours among newly homeless youth in Los Angeles  

PubMed Central

We examined the social network composition among newly homeless youth over time and assessed how pro-social and problematic peers affected sexual and drug-using HIV/AIDS risk-behaviours among 183 youth in Los Angeles County, California. The percentage of newly homeless youth who reported that ‘most’ or ‘all’ of their friends were attending school, had jobs, and got along with their families was 73%, 24%, and 50% respectively. Logistic regression models indicated that presence of these pro-social peers reduced HIV risk behaviours at two years; odds of HIV-risk were lower with a greater number of peers who attend school, have a job, or have positive family relationships or if networks change over time to include more of these peers. Presence of problematic peers increased the likelihood of HIV risk-taking; odds of HIV risk behaviours increased with a greater number of peers at baseline who steal, have overdosed, have been arrested, or are in a gang, or if networks change to include more of these peers. Interventions should target newly homeless youth in networks that contain problematic peers, but should strive to harness the naturally occurring pro-social peer influences present in these networks.

Rice, E.; Milburn, N. G.; Rotheram-Borus, M. J.

2010-01-01

164

"We're Locking the Door": Family Histories in a Sample of Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is well known that the pathways to homelessness for young people are embedded in often ongoing negative childhood experiences. Many of these experiences are rooted in multiple and intersecting problems including, but not limited to: family conflict, abuse, addictions, and mental health issues. The authors draw upon qualitative interviews…

Alvi, Shahid; Scott, Hannah; Stanyon, Wendy

2010-01-01

165

Homeless Youths and Young Adults in Los Angeles: Prevalence of Mental Health Problems and the Relationship Between Mental Health and Substance Abuse Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although understanding of the subsistence patterns, service utilization, and HIV-risk behaviors of homeless youths and young adults is increasing, relatively little is known about the epidemiology of mental health problems in this group or the relationships between mental health problems and substance use. This study measured symptoms of depression, low self-esteem, ADHD, suicidality, self-injurious behavior (SIB), and drug and alcohol

Jennifer B. Unger; Michele D. Kipke; Thomas R. Simon; Susanne B. Montgomery; Christine J. Johnson

1997-01-01

166

If You Provide the Test, They will Take It: Factors Associated with HIV/STI Testing in a Representative Sample of Homeless Youth in Los Angeles*  

PubMed Central

Homeless youth are at high risk for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted infections (STI), yet those at greatest risk may never have been tested for HIV or STI. In a probability sample of sexually active homeless youth in Los Angeles (n =305), this study identifies factors associated with HIV/STI testing status. Most youth (85%) had ever been tested and 47% had tested in the past 3 months. Recent testing was significantly more likely among youth who self-identified as gay, were Hispanic, injected drugs, and used drop-in centers, and marginally more likely among youth with more depressive symptoms. Drop-in center use mediated the association of injection drug use with HIV/STI testing. HIV/STI testing was unrelated to sexual risk behavior. Drop-in centers can play an important role in facilitating testing, including among injection drug users, but more outreach is needed to encourage testing in other at-risk subgroups.

Ober, Allison J.; Martino, Steven C.; Ewing, Brett; Tucker, Joan S.

2012-01-01

167

Quality of life themes in Canadian adults and street youth who are homeless or hard-to-house: A multi-site focus group study  

PubMed Central

Background The aim of this study was to identify what is most important to the quality of life (QoL) of those who experience homelessness by directly soliciting the views of homeless and hard-to-house Canadians themselves. These individuals live within a unique social context that differs considerably from that of the general population. To understand the life areas that are most important to them, it is critical to have direct input from target populations of homeless and hard-to-house persons. Methods Focus groups were conducted with 140 individuals aged 15 to 73?years who were homeless or hard-to-house to explore the circumstances in which they were living and to capture what they find to be important and relevant domains of QoL. Participants were recruited in Toronto, Ottawa, Montreal, and Vancouver. Content analysis was used to analyze the data. Results Six major content themes emerged: Health/health care; Living conditions; Financial situation; Employment situation; Relationships; and Recreational and leisure activities. These themes were linked to broader concepts that included having choices, stability, respect, and the same rights as other members of society. Conclusions These findings not only aid our understanding of QoL in this group, but may be used to develop measures that capture QoL in this population and help programs and policies become more effective in improving the life situation for persons who are homeless and hard-to-house. Quality of life themes in Canadian adults and street youth who are homeless or hard-to-house: A multi-site focus group study.

2012-01-01

168

Personality and Psychopathology in African Unaccompanied Refugee Minors: Repression, Resilience and Vulnerability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examining personality and psychopathological symptoms among unaccompanied refugee minors (URMs), we measured intra-individual dimensions (repression and correlates thereof) usually associated with resilience. Forty-one URMs completed the Weinberger Adjustment Inventory (WAI), assessing personality, and the Youth Self-Report (YSR), describing…

Huemer, Julia; Volkl-Kernstock, Sabine; Karnik, Niranjan; Denny, Katherine G.; Granditsch, Elisabeth; Mitterer, Michaela; Humphreys, Keith; Plattner, Belinda; Friedrich, Max; Shaw, Richard J.; Steiner, Hans

2013-01-01

169

59 FR- Runaway and Homeless Youth Program (RHYP): Fiscal Year (FY) 1994 Final Program Priorities...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Carolina Dept. of Youth Services (Crossroads), 4360 Headquarters Road, N. Charleston...Nancy Letoumeau, (612) 771-1301 Crossroads of Owantonna, 565 Dunnell Drive...contract under a public transaction; violation of Federal or State antitrust...

1994-05-12

170

CBP's Handling of Unaccompanied Alien Children.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Flores v. Reno Settlement Agreement governs the policy for the treatment of unaccompanied alien children in federal custody. Unaccompanied alien children are minors less than 18 years old who arrive in the United States without a parent or legal guard...

2010-01-01

171

Negative Cultural Capital and Homeless Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the ways in which homeless young people find a sense of self-worth and dignity within the conditions of youth homelessness. It notes that, while homeless young people seek a space where they do not feel marginalised and can attain a form of social status and cultural competence, they also engage in practices and acts of…

Barker, Justin David

2013-01-01

172

Report to the President and Congress On the Implementation of the Education for Homeless Children and Youth Program Under the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report, submitted pursuant to section 724(i) of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act as amended (McKinney-Vento), provides information on programs supported under McKinney-Vento and describes activities that the U.S. Department of Education (ED...

2009-01-01

173

A Comparison of Weight-Related Behaviors among High School Students Who Are Homeless and Non-Homeless  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Previous research has shown that youth who are homeless engage in high-risk behaviors. However, there has been little information published on nutritional and physical activity behaviors in this population, and studies comparing homeless youth in school with their non-homeless peers are scarce. This study compares weight-related risk…

Fournier, Mary E.; Austin, S. Bryn; Samples, Cathryn L.; Goodenow, Carol S.; Wylie, Sarah A.; Corliss, Heather L.

2009-01-01

174

Estrangement Factors Associated with Addiction to Alcohol and Drugs among Homeless Youth in Three U. S. Cities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Substance use is highly prevalent among homeless, street-involved young people. Societal estrangement is often associated with substance use, particularly among this population. The current study sought to identify four domains of social estrangement (disaffiliation, human capital, identification with homeless culture, and psychological…

Thompson, Sanna; Jun, Jina; Bender, Kimberly; Ferguson, Kristin M.; Pollio, David E.

2010-01-01

175

Psychopathology in African unaccompanied refugee minors in Austria.  

PubMed

We assessed the prevalence of a range of psychopathology among African unaccompanied refugee minors (URMs) in Austria. Additionally, the predictive value of war exposure on PTSD symptoms was examined. Forty-one URMs were assessed with the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview for children and adolescents, the Youth Self-Report, the UCLA PTSD Reaction Index and Facts About You. As expected, 56% of youth had at least one diagnosis by structured clinical interview. The most common diagnoses were adjustment disorder, PTSD and dysthymia. War affliction marginally predicted (p = 0.065) PTSD controlling for age and gender. URMs had high levels of psychopathology compared to norms. Their PTSD rates were somewhat lower than found in previous studies. We discuss methodological and substantive reasons for this finding. Future studies need to examine URMs across the entire diagnostic spectrum and employ multi-method designs to yield valid results. The psychopathology in URMs has clinical and forensic implications. PMID:21293919

Huemer, Julia; Karnik, Niranjan; Voelkl-Kernstock, Sabine; Granditsch, Elisabeth; Plattner, Belinda; Friedrich, Max; Steiner, Hans

2011-06-01

176

19 CFR 148.114 - Shipment of unaccompanied articles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...TREASURY (CONTINUED) PERSONAL DECLARATIONS AND EXEMPTIONS Unaccompanied Shipments From American Samoa, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, or the Virgin Islands of the United States § 148.114 Shipment of unaccompanied...

2010-04-01

177

Youth with Runaway, Throwaway, and Homeless Experiences: Prevalence, Drug Use, and Other At-Risk Behaviors. Volume 2. Appendices.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study is the first national study of substance use, suicide attempts, and other at-risk behaviors among youth with runaway, throwaway, or homelss experience. Information from four sources is included in the study: youth in shelters, youth on the stree...

J. M. Greene C. L. Ringwalt J. E. Kelly R. Iachan Z. Cohen

1995-01-01

178

Youth with Runaway, Throwaway, and Homeless Experiences: Prevalence, Drug Use, and Other At-Risk Behaviors. Volume 1. Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study is the first national study of substance use, suicide attempts, and other at-risk behaviors among youth with runaway, throwaway, or homelss experience. Information from four sources is included in the study: youth in shelters, youth on the stree...

C. L. Ringwalt J. E. Kelly J. M. Greene R. Iachan Z. Cohen

1995-01-01

179

Problems of Runaway Youth. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Juvenile Justice of the Committee on the Judiciary. United States Senate, Ninety-Seventh Congress, Second Session on Problems of and Services Provided for Runaway and Homeless Youth, Focusing on Support to State and Local Governments and Nonprofit Agencies for the Development of Community-Based Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These hearings, focusing on financial support for community-based programs dealing with problems of runaway and homeless youths, explore the scope of the problem, types of activities which are being undertaken, and paths for future action. Testimony and prepared statements are presented by several witnesses including a commissioner of the…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on the Judiciary.

180

What about America's Homeless Children? Hide and Seek. Sage Sourcebooks for the Human Services Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book aims to present what is known about homeless children and to let the stories of some homeless families make their situations clear. The first part of the book covers the background and social, educational, and health issues of homeless children, with a discussion of causes. Part 2 presents some stories of homeless youth and families,…

Shane, Paul G.

181

Unaccompanied Asian Secondary Students Studying in Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research examined the facilitating and hindering events associated with the transition and adjustment of Asian adolescent international students--that is, unaccompanied secondary school students studying abroad. Twenty-one male and female participants attending three urban secondary schools in Western Canada were interviewed using the…

Popadiuk, Natalee E.

2009-01-01

182

Homeless Children  

MedlinePLUS

... year. That's over 1.6 million children. While homeless, they experience high rates of acute and chronic ... of emotional and behavioral problems compared to non-homeless children. 3 Experiences of Violence Violence plays a ...

183

76 FR 11254 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Declaration of Unaccompanied Articles  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Activities: Declaration of Unaccompanied Articles AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection...concerning the Declaration of Unaccompanied Articles (CBP Form 255). This request for comment...Title: Declaration of Unaccompanied Articles. OMB Number: 1651-0030. Form...

2011-03-01

184

76 FR 27079 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Declaration of Unaccompanied Articles  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Activities: Declaration of Unaccompanied Articles AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection...Reduction Act: Declaration of Unaccompanied Articles (CBP Form 255). This is a proposed...Title: Declaration of Unaccompanied Articles. OMB Number: 1651-0030. Form...

2011-05-10

185

Homeless Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study of 190 homeless women in Portland, Oregon, found that most homeless women are young, have minor children, and are mobile. The majority have a history of physical or sexual abuse, many are in poor health, 18 percent have been in a mental hospital, and one-fourth are alcoholic. The implications of these findings for policies and practice are discussed.

Sandra C. Anderson; Tome Boe; Sharon Smith

1988-01-01

186

Homelessness Assistance and Resources  

MedlinePLUS

... Events Ask A Question Technical Assistance About Grantees Homelessness Assistance and Resources "Stable housing is the foundation ... Federal Strategic Plan to Prevent and End Homelessness Homelessness Assistance Programs HUD's homeless assistance programs are categorized ...

187

Access to Pre-K Education under the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act. Pre-K Policy Brief Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The federal McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act ("McKinney-Vento") provides federal funding to states to address the problems that homeless children and youth encounter in enrolling, attending, and succeeding in the nation's public schools. McKinney-Vento requires states to develop plans that ensure homeless children and youth the same access…

Boylan, Ellen; Splansky, Deborah

2010-01-01

188

Pregnancy and Sexual Health among Homeless Young Injection Drug Users  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on pregnancy and sexual health among homeless youth is limited. In this study, qualitative interviews were conducted with 41 homeless young injection drug users (IDUs) in Los Angeles with a history of pregnancy. The relationship between recent pregnancy outcomes, contraception practices, housing status, substance use, utilization of…

Hathazi, Dodi; Lankenau, Stephen E.; Sanders, Bill; Bloom, Jennifer Jackson

2009-01-01

189

Homeless “squeegee kids”: Food insecurity and daily survival  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current knowledge about food insecurity in North America is largely based on research with low-income households. Much less is known about the food experiences of homeless people, a group who are particularly vulnerable to food insecurity. This study explored the food experiences of street youth, one of the fastest growing segments of the homeless population in Canada. To gain an

Naomi Dachner; Valerie Tarasuk

2002-01-01

190

Educating Homeless Children: Issues and Answers. Fastback 313.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication summarizes issues relating to the education of homeless children and youth and reviews programs that are effective in the delivery of educational services to this population. The report is comprised of five sections. The first section, "Introduction," surveys factors contributing to homelessness and indicates the special needs of…

Stronge, James H.; Tenhouse, Cheri

191

Pregnancy and sexual health among homeless young injection drug users  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on pregnancy and sexual health among homeless youth is limited. In this study, qualitative interviews were conducted with 41 homeless young injection drug users (IDUs) in Los Angeles with a history of pregnancy. The relationship between recent pregnancy outcomes, contraception practices, housing status, substance use, utilization of prenatal care, and histories of sexual victimization are described. A total of

Dodi Hathazi; Stephen E. Lankenau; Bill Sanders; Jennifer Jackson Bloom

2009-01-01

192

Spaces of Trauma: Young People, Homelessness and Violence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little contemporary research has examined young people's experiences of violence and homelessness in detail within the Australian context. This article draws upon qualitative research with 33 homeless youth in Melbourne and seeks to enhance understanding of the impact of violence on young people. It argues that everyday experiences of violence…

Jordan, Lucinda

2012-01-01

193

The Invisible Crisis: Connecting Schools with Homeless Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children and youth represent a growing proportion of the homeless population. Using the lens of transformative leadership, this multifamily case study explores the realities of homeless children, the challenges their families face, and the role of school leaders in ensuring that they receive a quality education. It recommends that leaders (1)…

Shields, Carolyn M.; Warke, Amy

2010-01-01

194

Pregnancy and Mental Health of Young Homeless Women  

PubMed Central

Pregnancy rates among women in the U.S. who are homeless are much higher than rates among women who are housed (Greene & Ringwalt, 1998). Yet little research has addressed mental health, risk and resilience among young mothers who are homeless. This study utilizes a sample of women from the Midwest Longitudinal Study of Homeless Adolescents (MLSHA) to investigate pregnancy and motherhood over three years among unaccompanied homeless young mothers. Our data are supplemented by in-depth interviews with a subset of these women. Results show that almost half of sexually active young women (n = 222, µ age = 17.2) had been pregnant at baseline (46.4%), and among the longitudinal subsample of 171 women (µ age = 17.2), almost 70.0% had been pregnant by the end of the study. Among young mothers who are homeless, only half reported that they helped to care for their children consistently over time, and one-fifth of the women reported never seeing their children. Of the young women with children in their care at the last interview of the study (Wave 13), almost one-third met criteria for lifetime major depressive episode (MDE), lifetime posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and lifetime drug abuse, and one-half met criteria for lifetime antisocial personality disorder (APD). Twelve-month diagnoses are also reported. The impacts of homelessness on maternal and child outcomes are discussed, including the implications for practice, policy, and research.

Crawford, Devan M.; Trotter, Emily C.; Hartshorn, Kelley J. Sittner; Whitbeck, Les B.

2012-01-01

195

19 CFR 148.111 - Written declaration for unaccompanied articles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DECLARATIONS AND EXEMPTIONS Unaccompanied Shipments From American Samoa, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands...returning crewmember) arriving directly or indirectly from American Samoa, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana...

2013-04-01

196

19 CFR 148.114 - Shipment of unaccompanied articles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) PERSONAL DECLARATIONS AND EXEMPTIONS Unaccompanied Shipments From American Samoa, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, or the Virgin Islands of the United States § 148.114...

2013-04-01

197

19 CFR 148.111 - Written declaration for unaccompanied articles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Unaccompanied Shipments From American Samoa, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, or the Virgin Islands of...arriving directly or indirectly from American Samoa, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, or the Virgin...

2010-04-01

198

Sexual Health: The Role of Sexual Health Services Among Homeless Young Women Living in Toronto, Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent statistics indicate limited condom use, high STI (sexually transmitted infection) rates, and a general lack of knowledge about reproductive and sexual health among homeless youth. This research focuses on the experiences of homeless female and transgendered youth, providing an insider’s perspective on shaping sexual health interventions. This qualitative research is based on life history interviews and participant observation with

Vanessa Oliver; Rebecca Cheff

2012-01-01

199

Understanding SSI: Spotlight on Homelessness  

MedlinePLUS

... Spotlights Home / Spotlight on Homelessness WHAT IF I AM HOMELESS? If you are homeless, you have the ... MY SUPPLEMENTAL SECURITY INCOME (SSI) BENEFITS IF I AM HOMELESS? If you are homeless, some of the ...

200

Help for Homeless Veterans  

MedlinePLUS

... Women Veterans Incarcerated Veterans SITE SEARCH Search For Homeless Veterans If you are a homeless veteran or a veteran at risk of becoming homeless, these pages provide information that you can use ...

201

Families Experiencing Homelessness  

MedlinePLUS

... compound the stress the family feels. Families experiencing homelessness: Are typically comprised of a mother in her ... than other low-income families. 4 Mothers Experiencing Homelessness: The impact of homelessness on mothers is profound. ...

202

Residential Instability and the McKinney-Vento Homeless Children and Education Program: What We Know, Plus Gaps in Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As homelessness increased among families and children during the 1980s and 1990s, policymakers created, and strengthened, the McKinney-Vento Education for Homeless Children and Youth (EHCY) program. The McKinney-Vento EHCY program aims to mitigate the effects of residential instability through the identification of homeless children in schools and…

Cunningham, Mary; Harwood, Robin; Hall, Sam

2010-01-01

203

Youth with Runaway, Throwaway, and Homeless Experiences: Prevalence, Drug Use, and Other At-Risk Behaviors. Volume 3. Field Interviewer Training Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study is the first national study of substance use, suicide attempts, and other at-risk behaviors among youth with runaway, throwaway, or homelss experience. Information from four sources is included in the study: youth in shelters, youth on the stree...

J. E. Kelly C. L. Ringwalt

1995-01-01

204

77 FR 76063 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Declaration for Free Entry of Unaccompanied Articles  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Declaration for Free Entry of Unaccompanied Articles AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection...Declaration for Free Entry of Unaccompanied Articles (Form 3299). This request for comment...Declaration for Free Entry of Unaccompanied Articles OMB Number: 1651-0014 Form...

2012-12-26

205

78 FR 16521 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Declaration for Free Entry of Unaccompanied Articles  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Declaration for Free Entry of Unaccompanied Articles AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection...Declaration for Free Entry of Unaccompanied Articles (Form 3299). This is a proposed extension...Declaration for Free Entry of Unaccompanied Articles. OMB Number: 1651-0014. Form...

2013-03-15

206

Personality and psychopathology in African unaccompanied refugee minors: repression, resilience and vulnerability.  

PubMed

Examining personality and psychopathological symptoms among unaccompanied refugee minors (URMs), we measured intra-individual dimensions (repression and correlates thereof) usually associated with resilience. Forty-one URMs completed the Weinberger Adjustment Inventory (WAI), assessing personality, and the Youth Self-Report (YSR), describing current symptoms. URMs endorsed high levels of Repressive Defensiveness, Denial of Distress, and Restraint; unexpectedly, URMs reported high Distress and reduced Happiness (WAI, p's < 0.05). Although YSR symptoms were below clinical cut points, there were notable correlations between Distress and Attention Problems, Self-destructive, and Aggressive Behavior (all on the YSR), correcting for multiple comparisons (p's < 0.004). URMs exposed to non-normative stressors reported non-symptomatic outcomes, and high levels of personality dimensions correlating with resilience. However, URMs also endorsed high Distress and low Happiness, calling their resilience into question. Positive correlations between WAI Distress and YSR symptom subscales suggest that URMs harbor vulnerabilities of clinical and forensic significance. PMID:22661148

Huemer, Julia; Völkl-Kernstock, Sabine; Karnik, Niranjan; Denny, Katherine G; Granditsch, Elisabeth; Mitterer, Michaela; Humphreys, Keith; Plattner, Belinda; Friedrich, Max; Shaw, Richard J; Steiner, Hans

2013-02-01

207

Helping the Homeless in School and out  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homeless children can be hard to identify and even harder to help. But teachers can do a great deal to make sure that they do not fall through the cracks. Teachers of highly mobile students must develop the skills to make these children and youth feel welcome while quickly weaving them into classroom routines. They must rapidly assess new…

Holgersson-Shorter, Helena

2010-01-01

208

Homelessness in Public Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper takes a theoretical and practical approach in defining the "problem" of homelessness in libraries. The author examines three fundamental problems on homelessness. The three fundamental questions are: (a) Who are the homeless? (b) Why are they homeless? (c) What are their information needs in libraries? These questions are important in…

Wong, Yi Ling

2009-01-01

209

Navigating the Intersections of IDEA and McKinney-Vento: A Problem-Solving Process. Best Practices in Homeless Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act is the main federal program concerning the education of children and youth experiencing homelessness. It provides federal funding to states, which then distribute the funds to their school districts through a competitive application process; the funds are used to ensure that children and youth

Julianelle, Patricia

2008-01-01

210

Factors Related to Educational Resilience among Sudanese Unaccompanied Minors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: Educational resilience is defined as having successful outcomes in school despite the adversities one has faced in life. There is a dearth of research on a particularly high-risk group--unaccompanied refugee minors who are separated from their parents by war and lack the protection and advocacy provided by adult caretakers.…

Rana, Meenal; Qin, Desiree Baolian; Bates, Laura; Luster, Tom; Saltarelli, Andrew

2011-01-01

211

Unaccompanied Refugee Minors; A Challenging Group to Teach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Unaccompanied Refugee Minors (URM), like all adolescents, have the right to be able to develop emotionally and cognitively to their fullest potential in host countries (Article 6, Convention of the Rights of the Child, 1991). URM make up a very special and vulnerable population of young people under the age of 18 who have been separated from their…

Bean, Tammy; Eurelings-Bontekoe, Elisabeth; Spinhoven, Philip

2006-01-01

212

A Risk and Resilience Perspective on Unaccompanied Refugee Minors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the United States, unaccompanied refugee minors (URMs) are a diverse and extremely vulnerable group served by social workers about whom there is little research. URMs enter the United States from many lands without parents or kin, often having experienced war and other traumatic events. Using a risk and resilience framework, we summarize the…

Carlson, Bonnie E.; Cacciatore, Joanne; Klimek, Barbara

2012-01-01

213

Predictors of depressive symptoms among resettled unaccompanied refugee minors.  

PubMed

This study investigated the level and predictors of depressive symptoms among unaccompanied refugee minors after resettlement in Norway. Participants (N = 414) were resettled in 26 municipalities from all regions of the country. The average length of resettlement time was 3.4 years. They originated from 33 different countries, mainly Afghanistan (n = 116), Somalia (n = 74), Sri Lanka (n = 41) and Iraq (n = 43). Participants completed a self-report questionnaire administered in groups. Findings show that unaccompanied minors are a high-risk group for mental health problems also after resettlement in a new country. A multilevel model predicting depressive symptoms from individual and contextual demographic factors indicated that, controlling for post-traumatic stress, females had more symptoms than males and Somalis had fewer symptoms than participants from other countries. Variation in symptom levels as a function of gender and ethnic background indicates that some groups may have inherent protective or vulnerability factors that need to be further studied to understand differences in psychosocial adaptation among unaccompanied minors. Further, findings imply that researchers, policy makers and mental health care workers need to expand their attention beyond the first phases of arrival of unaccompanied asylum seeking and refugee minors to the continuing experience of mental health problems after resettlement. PMID:21895671

Seglem, Karoline B; Oppedal, Brit; Raeder, Sabine

2011-10-01

214

24 CFR 578.89 - Limitation on use of grant funds to serve persons defined as homeless under other federal laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...grant funds to serve persons defined as homeless under other federal laws. 578.89...grant funds to serve persons defined as homeless under other federal laws. (a) Application...families with children and youth defined as homeless under other federal laws in...

2013-04-01

215

Risk Factors for Trading Sex among Homeless Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although numerous homeless youth report trading sex, few studies have examined risk factors associated with trading sex and\\u000a even fewer have employed multivariate analyses to examine this relationship, even though trading sex is associated with many\\u000a negative health outcomes. Based on a sample of 151 homeless young adults in the midwestern United States, logistic regression\\u000a analyses revealed that for each

Kimberly A. Tyler

2009-01-01

216

Predictors of Change in Self-Reported Social Networks among Homeless Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research investigates changes in social network size and composition of 351 homeless adolescents over 3 years. Findings show that network size decreases over time. Homeless youth with a conduct disorder begin street life with small networks that remain small over time. Caregiver abuse is associated with smaller emotional networks due to fewer…

Falci, Christina D.; Whitbeck, Les B.; Hoyt, Dan R.; Rose, Trina

2011-01-01

217

Poor Parenting and Antisocial Behavior among Homeless Young Adults: Links to Dating Violence Perpetration and Victimization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Though research has examined risk factors associated with street victimization among homeless young people, little is known about dating violence experiences among this group. Given homeless youths' elevated rates of child maltreatment, it is likely that they are at high risk for dating violence. As such, the current study examined the association…

Tyler, Kimberly A.; Melander, Lisa A.

2012-01-01

218

Life shocks and homelessness.  

PubMed

We exploited an exogenous health shock-namely, the birth of a child with a severe health condition-to investigate the effect of a life shock on homelessness in large cities in the United States as well as the interactive effects of the shock with housing market characteristics. We considered a traditional measure of homelessness, two measures of housing instability thought to be precursors to homelessness, and a combined measure that approximates the broadened conceptualization of homelessness under the 2009 Homeless Emergency Assistance and Rapid Transition to Housing Act (2010). We found that the shock substantially increases the likelihood of family homelessness, particularly in cities with high housing costs. The findings are consistent with the economic theory of homelessness, which posits that homelessness results from a conjunction of adverse circumstances in which housing markets and individual characteristics collide. PMID:23868747

Curtis, Marah A; Corman, Hope; Noonan, Kelly; Reichman, Nancy E

2013-12-01

219

Trauma among Street-Involved Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research documents that street-involved youth experience rates of trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that are significantly higher than their housed counterparts. Trauma and PTSD are of particular concern for homeless youth as they can negatively affect youths' ability to function adaptively and to transition off the…

Bender, Kimberly A.; Thompson, Sanna J.; Ferguson, Kristin M.; Yoder, Jamie R.; Kern, Leah

2014-01-01

220

Educating Homeless Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past decade, the number of homeless children in America has more than doubled. Educators, however, are still legally obligated to enroll and support them, because of the passage of the "No Child Left Behind" Act of 2001, which reauthorized the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act. Although schools cannot solve homelessness, they can…

Berliner, BethAnn

2002-01-01

221

Homelessness and health  

Microsoft Academic Search

HOMELESSNESS AFFECTS TENS OF THOUSANDS OF CANADIANS and has important health implications. Homeless people are at increased risk of dying prematurely and suffer from a wide range of health problems, including seizures, chronic obstructive pul- monary disease, musculoskeletal disorders, tuberculosis, and skin and foot prob- lems. Homeless people also face significant barriers that impair their access to health care. More

Stephen W. Hwang

222

Teaching Our Homeless Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses some of the major concerns associated with the instructional process of our homeless children. The reader is provided with a brief overview of the prevalence of this population. According to the National Center on Family Homelessness the number of school children who are homeless is growing rapidly with 1.4 to 1.5 million…

Sheldon, George H.

2011-01-01

223

Homelessness and theory reconsidered  

Microsoft Academic Search

Theory will not directly explain the development of policy and provision for homeless people, but it is an important consideration and one deserving of careful attention. In the UK, however, homelessness has often been explained simplistically and somewhat atheoretically as either a housing or a welfare problem, caused either by structural or by individual factors. Likewise, homeless people have been

Joanne Neale

1997-01-01

224

Veterans and Homelessness.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have brought renewed attention to the needs of veterans, including the needs of homeless veterans. Homeless veterans initially came to the country's attention in the 1970s and 1980s, when homelessness generally was becomin...

L. Perl

2009-01-01

225

The New Homelessness Revisited  

PubMed Central

The ‘new homelessness’ has drawn sustained attention from scholars over the past three decades. Definitional inconsistencies and data limitations rendered early work during this period largely speculative in nature. Thanks to conceptual, theoretical, and methodological progress, however, the research literature now provides a fuller understanding of homelessness. Contributions by sociologists and other social scientists since the mid-1990s differentiate among types of homelessness, provide credible demographic estimates, and show how being homeless affects a person's life chances and coping strategies. Agreement also exists about the main macro- and micro-level causes of homelessness. Active lines of inquiry examine public, media, and governmental responses to the problem as well as homeless people's efforts to mobilize on their own behalf. Despite the obstacles faced when studying a stigmatized population marked by high turnover and weak anchors to place, recent investigations have significantly influenced homelessness policy. A greater emphasis on prevention should further strengthen the research-policy nexus.

Lee, Barrett A.; Tyler, Kimberly A.; Wright, James D.

2014-01-01

226

Validation of the Teacher's Report Form for Teachers of Unaccompanied Refugee Minors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The psychometric properties of the Dutch Teacher's Report Form (TRF) for teachers of Unaccompanied Refugee Minors (URM) were evaluated in this study. The teachers (n = 486) that participated received a Dutch TRF to report on the mental health of the unaccompanied minor. Hierarchical confirmative factor analysis and individual confirmatory factor…

Bean, Tammy; Mooijaart, A.; Eurelings-Bontekoe, Elisabeth; Spinhoven, Philip

2007-01-01

227

Unaccompanied Adolescents Seeking Asylum: Poorer Mental Health Under a Restrictive Reception  

Microsoft Academic Search

We assessed the effects of a stringent reception policy on the mental health of unaccompanied adolescent asylum seekers by comparing the mental health of adolescents in a restricted campus reception setting and in a setting offering more autonomy (numbers response rates :6 993% and 53 69%, respectively; mean age, 16 years). Unaccompanied adolescent asylum seekers in a restricted reception setting

Sijmen A. Reijneveld; Josien B. de Boer; Tammy Bean; Dineke G. Korfker

2005-01-01

228

20 CFR 672.540 - What program income requirements apply under the YouthBuild program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...YouthBuild program to homeless individuals and families and low-income families is not considered program income. Grantees are encouraged to use that revenue for the long-term sustainability of the YouthBuild...

2013-04-01

229

Predictors of Change in Self-Reported Social Networks among Homeless Young People  

PubMed Central

This research investigates changes in social network size and composition of 351 homeless adolescents over three years. Findings show that network size decreases over time. Homeless youth with a conduct disorder begin street life with small networks that remain small over time. Caregiver abuse is associated with smaller emotional networks due to fewer home ties, especially to parents, and a more rapid loss of emotional home ties over time. Homeless youth with major depression start out with small networks, but are more likely to maintain network ties. Youth with substance abuse problems are more likely to maintain instrumental home ties. Finally, homeless adolescents tend to reconnect with their parents for instrumental aid and form romantic relationship that provide emotional support.

Falci, Christina D.; Whitbeck, Les B.; Hoyt, Dan R.; Rose, Trina

2011-01-01

230

Interagency Council on Homelessness  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Given the complex nature of addressing such a broad problem as that of homelessness, it is not so surprising that there exists a federal initiative in the United States to collaborate on "out of the box" approaches to alleviating this situation. In 1987, with the passage of the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act, Congress established the Interagency Council on Homelessness in order to provide organized leadership in the area of providing assistance to homeless families and individuals. From the homepage, visitors can read about the Council's latest activities, then continue on to learn about funding opportunities and information from states and local municipalities on their own homelessness-based initiatives. Specifically, visitors can learn about the various regional coordinators employed by the Council, and read some rather ambitious 10-year plans to end chronic homelessness adopted by cities such as Columbus, Ohio, Atlanta, San Francisco, and Chicago.

231

Transitions to Adulthood for Homeless Adolescents: Education and Public Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education plays a critical role in how adolescents mature into adults. A vulnerable, and often forgotten, sub-population of the poor is homeless youth, for whom lack of a stable or adequate residence creates a unique set of educational barriers. The Center for Higher Education Policy Analysis (CHEPA) spent 18 months documenting the experiences of…

Tierney, William G.; Gupton, Jarrett T.; Hallett, Ronald E.

2008-01-01

232

Concurrent Mental Health and Substance Use Problems among Street-Involved Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Among marginalized populations, homeless adults are known to have elevated rates of mental health and substance use problems compared to the general population, but less is known about their youthful homeless counterparts. While few studies currently exist, what research has been conducted among street-involved youth has confirmed high rates of…

Kirst, Maritt; Frederick, Tyler; Erickson, Patricia G.

2011-01-01

233

Ensuring Full Participation in Extra-Curricular Activities for Students Experiencing Homelessness. Best Practices in Homeless Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Extra-curricular school activities, such as sports, music, theater, debate, and clubs, are often a key to engaging children and youth in school. They can provide students with a sense of belonging, stability, pride, and responsibility and strengthen a student's applications for higher education admission and scholarships. Homelessness, however,…

National Center for Homeless Education at SERVE, 2010

2010-01-01

234

Challenges Faced by Homeless Sexual Minorities: Comparison of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender Homeless Adolescents With Their Heterosexual Counterparts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. The goal of this study was to identify differences between gay, lesbian, bi- sexual, and transgender (GLBT) homeless youths and their heterosexual counterparts in terms of physical and mental health difficulties. Methods. A sample of 84 GLBT adolescents was matched in regard to age and self- reported gender with 84 heterosexual adolescents. The 2 samples were compared on a

Bryan N. Cochran; Angela J. Stewart; Joshua A. Ginzler; Ana Mari Cauce

2002-01-01

235

24 CFR 578.53 - Supportive services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...costs are eligible to the same extent for program participants who are unaccompanied homeless youth; persons living with HIV/AIDS; and victims of domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking. (d) Ineligible costs....

2013-04-01

236

What's Age Gotta Do with It? Understanding the Age-Identities and School-Going Practices of Mexican Immigrant Youth in New York City  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent reports of out-of-school immigrant youth have brought attention to predominantly Mexican and Central American immigrant youth who immigrate to the United States and do not enroll in formal schooling (Fry, 2002; Hill and Hayes, 2007). Many arrive to the United States unaccompanied, joining their older, undocumented counterparts in becoming…

Martinez, Isabel

2009-01-01

237

Homelessness and food insecurity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerous assistance programs are designed to alleviate homelessness and food insecurity in the US, two of the more severe possible consequences of poverty. While we expect families with a higher probability of homelessness to also be at higher risk of food insecurity, after controlling for observed factors the relationship is not immediately apparent. To analyze this relationship, we use a

Craig Gundersen; Linda Weinreb; Cheryl Wehler; David Hosmer

2003-01-01

238

Intellectual Disability and Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The association between poverty and intellectual disability (ID) has been well documented. However, little is known about persons with ID who face circumstances of extreme poverty, such as homelessness. This paper describes the situation of persons with ID who were or are homeless in Montreal and are currently receiving services from a…

Mercier, C.; Picard, S.

2011-01-01

239

Homelessness and Dual Diagnosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

People who are dually diagnosed with severe mental illness and substance use disorders constitute 10%–20% of homeless persons. They are a heterogeneous and extremely vulnerable subgroup with complex, poorly understood needs. In this article recent research on the epidemiology, subject characteristics, and service needs of the dually diagnosed homeless population is reviewed. Also, the range of evolving approaches to providing

Robert E. Drake; Fred C. Osher; Michael A. Wallach

1991-01-01

240

Who are the homeless?  

PubMed

To describe the demographic, social and medical morbidity and usage of health services of the population of single homeless individuals in Sheffield, a census was carried out over a 12-hour period at sites which homeless people frequent, as identified by those who work with the homeless. These sites included Salvation Army hostels, reception centres, probation day centres, voluntary organisation hostels, and cheap bed and breakfast accommodation. Data were collected by means of a self-administered questionnaire. A total of 340 single homeless individuals were studied, constituting 80-90% of the single homeless population of Sheffield, as estimated by field workers. The population was younger than those of earlier studies and contained a higher proportion of females (14%). One-fifth of the population had been homeless for less than six months, and 60% had been at their present lodging for less than six months. The population has a higher proportion of both ex-prisoners (49%) and ex-inmates of psychiatric hospitals (36%). Over a quarter admit to a history of alcoholism, and 9% to a history of drug abuse; 65% of the population are registered locally with a GP, and 53% of the population see their GP. Those who are more likely to use an Accident and Emergency Department are less socially integrated and more likely to be alcoholic. This study of the single homeless highlights a need for social change to reduce poverty, provide cheap available housing and provide support for disadvantaged groups. PMID:8202580

Shanks, N J; George, S L; Westlake, L; al-Kalai, D

1994-01-01

241

Perpetrators of early physical and sexual abuse among homeless and runaway adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To examine abuse specific variables among homeless and runaway adolescents and to look at perpetrators of childhood abuse.Method: A total of 372 homeless and runaway adolescents were interviewed using a systematic sampling strategy in metropolitan Seattle. Young people were interviewed on the streets and in shelters by outreach workers in youth service agencies.Results: Approximately one-half of these young people

Kimberly A Tyler; Ana Mari Cauce

2002-01-01

242

Veterans and Homelessness.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The current conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan have brought renewed attention to the needs of veterans, including the needs of homeless veterans. The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) estimates that it has served approximately 300 returning veterans in i...

L. Perl

2007-01-01

243

Telephone vs. face-to-face notification of HIV results in high-risk youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To increase the number of high-risk and homeless youth who receive human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) test results and posttest counseling.Methods: Oral HIV testing and counseling were offered to high-risk and homeless youth at sites at which youth congregate throughout Portland, Oregon. Subjects were randomized to receive test results and posttest counseling either in a face-to-face manner or with the

Rachel C Tsu; Michael L Burm; Jennifer A Gilhooly; C. Wayne Sells

2002-01-01

244

Permanent homelessness in America?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper seeks to determine the approximate number of homeless persons in the U.S., the rate of change in the number, and whether or not the problem is likely to be permanent or transitory. It makes particular use of a new 1985 survey of over 500 homeless people in New York City. It finds that:(1)the much-maligned 1984 study by the

Richard B. Freeman; Brian Hall

1987-01-01

245

A Comparison of Homeless and Non-Homeless Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study was to extend what is currently understood regarding attitudes toward the homeless population. The study focused on how homeless and nonhomeless adolescents attribute the causes of homelessness. Grounded in attribution theory, the study hypothesized that nonhomeless adolescents would ascribe causality to dispositional or…

LeClair, Mary C.; Hansen, James C.

246

Confirming Eligibility for McKinney-Vento Services: Do's and Don'ts for School Districts. Best Practices in Homeless Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Under the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act, schools must identify children and youth in homeless situations and provide appropriate services. One such service is immediate enrollment in school, even when students lack paperwork normally required for enrollment, such as school records, proof of guardianship, a birth certificate, immunization…

National Center for Homeless Education at SERVE, 2007

2007-01-01

247

Confirming Eligibility for McKinney-Vento Services: Do's and Don'ts for Local Liaisons. Best Practices in Homeless Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Under the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act, schools must identify children and youth in homeless situations and provide appropriate services. One such service is immediate enrollment in school, even when students lack paperwork normally required for enrollment, such as school records, proof of guardianship, a birth certificate, immunization…

National Center for Homeless Education at SERVE, 2007

2007-01-01

248

Housing the Homeless, July 1983.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper estimates the number, location, and characteristics of the homeless in the United States and analyzes their reactions to current shelters and Government programs. Some of the homeless are elderly, physically disabled, or alcoholic, while many a...

P. Burke

1984-01-01

249

National Coalition for Homeless Veterans  

MedlinePLUS

1 2 3 4 NCHV will end homelessness among veterans by shaping public policy, promoting collaboration, and building the capacity of service providers. CFC #50917 You have helped reduce veteran homelessness ...

250

Homelessness Experiences, Sexual Orientation, and Sexual Risk Taking among High School Students in Los Angeles  

PubMed Central

Purpose Prior studies reported homeless adolescents engage in more sexual risk than their housed peers. However, these comparisons are typically made post hoc by comparing homeless adolescent community-based samples with high school probability samples. This study utilizes a random sample of high school students to examine homelessness experiences and sexual risk behaviors. Methods A supplemental survey to the Youth Risk Behavior Survey containing questions regarding homelessness and sexual health was administered to Los Angeles high school students (N=1,839). Multivariate logistic regressions assessed the associations between demographics, past year homelessness experiences (i.e., place of nighttime residence), and being sexually active and condom use at last intercourse. Results Homelessness experiences consisted of staying in a shelter (10.4%), a public place (10.1%), and with a stranger (5.6%). Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, questioning (LGBTQ), younger, and male adolescents were more likely to experience homelessness. LGBTQ adolescents were also more likely to report staying with a stranger and less likely to report staying in a shelter. Compared to adolescents who stayed in shelters, adolescents who stayed with strangers and in public places were more likely to engage in unprotected sex at last intercourse. Conclusions Adolescents who report sexual activity and sexual risk taking are more likely to report homelessness experiences. With regard to sexual health, staying with strangers could be a particularly risky form of homelessness; LGBTQ and Black adolescents are more likely to experience this form of homelessness. Efforts to reduce homelessness and sexual risk-taking need to recognize the specific vulnerabilities faced by these populations.

Rice, Eric; Barman-Adhikari, Anamika; Rhoades, Harmony; Winetrobe, Hailey; Fulginiti, Anthony; Astor, Roee; Montoya, Jorge; Plant, Aaron; Kordic, Timothy

2013-01-01

251

No Homeless Child Left behind  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although it is difficult to determine the precise number of homeless children, the National Coalition for the Homeless reports that there are more than 1.3 million children lacking a permanent residence on any given night. Further, 39 percent of the homeless population was comprised of children under the age of 18 in July 2009, the most recent…

Saxberg, David

2011-01-01

252

High Burden of Homelessness Among Sexual-Minority Adolescents: Findings From a Representative Massachusetts High School Sample  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We compared the prevalence of current homelessness among adolescents reporting a minority sexual orientation (lesbian/gay, bisexual, unsure, or heterosexual with same-sex sexual partners) with that among exclusively heterosexual adolescents. Methods. We combined data from the 2005 and 2007 Massachusetts Youth Risk Behavior Survey, a representative sample of public school students in grades 9 though 12 (n = 6317). Results. Approximately 25% of lesbian/gay, 15% of bisexual, and 3% of exclusively heterosexual Massachusetts public high school students were homeless. Sexual-minority males and females had an odds of reporting current homelessness that was between 4 and 13 times that of their exclusively heterosexual peers. Sexual-minority youths’ greater likelihood of being homeless was driven by their increased risk of living separately from their parents or guardians. Conclusions. Youth homelessness is linked with numerous threats such as violence, substance use, and mental health problems. Although discrimination and victimization related to minority sexual orientation status are believed to be important causal factors, research is needed to improve our understanding of the risks and protective factors for homelessness and to determine effective strategies to prevent homelessness in this population.

Goodenow, Carol S.; Nichols, Lauren; Austin, S. Bryn

2011-01-01

253

41 CFR 302-4.204 - If my spouse does not accompany me but travels unaccompanied at a different time, what per diem...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...accompany me but travels unaccompanied at a different time, what per diem rate...accompany me but travels unaccompanied at a different time, what per diem rate...accompany you but travels unaccompanied at a different time, he/she will...

2010-07-01

254

41 CFR 302-4.204 - If my spouse does not accompany me but travels unaccompanied at a different time, what per diem...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...accompany me but travels unaccompanied at a different time, what per diem rate...accompany me but travels unaccompanied at a different time, what per diem rate...accompany you but travels unaccompanied at a different time, he/she will...

2009-07-01

255

Ethical Considerations for Research and Treatment With Runaway and Homeless Adolescents  

PubMed Central

Ethical considerations for working with runaway and homeless youth in research and treatment settings are presented. Issues of parents’ and adolescents’ consent for research and treatment are discussed, with particular attention given to the lack of explicit guidelines for working with abused and neglected youth. The principles of beneficence and justice are discussed as they apply to intervening with a high-risk, multiproblem population. The authors offer a rationale for allowing adolescents to self-consent to research and treatment. They argue that in many circumstances, requiring parental consent may not be in the youth’s best interest and may preclude his or her participation in treatment and research programs.

MEADE, MELISSA A.; SLESNICK, NATASHA

2008-01-01

256

24 CFR 576.405 - Homeless participation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Homeless participation. 576.405 Section... Program Requirements § 576.405 Homeless participation. (a) Unless the...the participation of not less than one homeless individual or formerly...

2013-04-01

257

Homeless Mothers and Children: Longitudinal Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Homelessness is a complex and tragic social problem. Various macro- and micro-economic forces affect the prevalence of homelessness in the general population and determine individual vulnerability. Although family homelessness has grown dramatically over ...

E. L. Bassuk

1999-01-01

258

Mindfulness practice with urban youth: a nursing experience.  

PubMed

Contemporary care models and new knowledge in neuroscience and brain development are the foundation for including mindfulness in the delivery of holistic health care. Youth who experience persistent poverty or other chronic environmental stressors face serious challenges to health development. This article shares a nursing challenge in piloting a mindfulness program with urban youth who have experienced homelessness. PMID:24494387

Manzo, Joanne

2013-01-01

259

People Experiencing Chronic Homelessness  

MedlinePLUS

... already stretched to its limit. The physical and mental health needs of this population are prevalent and acute, and must ... the determinants of street homelessness by developing and... Prevalence and ... of Mental Health Services Among 10,340 Patients With Serious Mental ...

260

Preventing Family and Educational Disconnection through Wilderness-Based Therapy Targeting Youth at Risk  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to address the issue of youth homelessness in Australia, Regional Extended Family Services (REFS) have developed a wilderness-based therapeutic intervention. REFS aim to provide early intervention services for young people at risk of homelessness, and their families. This study examined the outcomes of the REFS wilderness program by…

Ronalds, Lisa; Allen-Craig, Sandy

2008-01-01

261

Music Listening Preferences in Early Life: Infants' Responses to Accompanied versus Unaccompanied Singing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated infant listening preferences for two versions of an unfamiliar Chinese children's song: unaccompanied (i.e., voice only) and accompanied (i.e., voice and instrumental accompaniment). Three groups of 5-, 8- and 11-month-old infants were tested using the Headturn Preference Procedure. A general linear model analysis of…

Ilari, Beatriz; Sundara, Megha

2009-01-01

262

20 CFR 672.105 - What are the purposes of the YouthBuild program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...further their education and training. (3) To expand the supply of permanent affordable housing and reduce the rate of homelessness in communities with YouthBuild programs. The program seeks to increase the number of affordable housing units...

2013-04-01

263

Health care of homeless veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is important to understand the needs of those veterans who are homeless. We describe characteristics of homeless male veterans\\u000a and factors associated with needing VA benefits from a two-city, community survey of 531 homeless adults. Overall, 425 were\\u000a male, of whom 127 were veterans (29.9%). Significantly more veterans had a chronic medical condition and two or more mental\\u000a health

Thomas P. O’Toole; Alicia Conde-Martel; Jeanette L. Gibbon; Barbara H. Hanusa; Michael J. Fine

2003-01-01

264

Home Again: A 10-Year Plan to End Homelessness in Portland and Multnomah County. Action Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On any given night, about 4,000 people sleep on the streets, in cars, or in shelters across Portland. Homeless people include adults, youth, couples, and families with children. They are living on the streets, either temporarily or for the long-term, for ...

2004-01-01

265

Emotional Distress and Mental Health Service Use Among Urban Homeless Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Expanded Behavioral Model for Vulnerable Populations was used to examine the predisposing, enabling, and need factors associated with mental health service use in a homeless adolescent sample (N?=?688). Among all youth, 32% perceived a need for help with mental health problems and 15% met Brief-Symptom Inventory (BSI) criteria for emotional distress. The rate of mental health service use in

M. Rosa Solorio; Norweeta G. Milburn; Ronald M. Andersen; Sharone Trifskin; Michael A. Rodríguez

2006-01-01

266

The Real Cost of Linking Homeless Young People to Employment, Education and Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the implementation of the Victorian Youth Employment, Education and Training Initiative (YEETI). This statewide initiative delivered brokerage funds to homeless young people through their housing advocates. One of the findings of the project was that the main barrier to young people achieving a stable continuum in their lives…

Broadbent, Robyn

2008-01-01

267

On the Road: Examining Self-Representation and Discourses of Homelessness in Young Adult Texts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors analyze representations of social issues within contemporary memoirs written for and marketed to a young adult audience and multimodal zines produced by homeless youth. To read across these distinctly different texts (mass marketed and do-it-yourself cultural productions) and genres (memoir and zines), the authors…

Rogers, Theresa; Marshall, Elizabeth

2012-01-01

268

Foster Care Placement, Poor Parenting, and Negative Outcomes among Homeless Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although homeless youth with and without foster care histories both face adverse life circumstances, little is known about how these two groups compare in terms of their early histories and whether they face similar outcomes. As such, we compared those with and without a history of foster care placement to determine if the associations between a…

Tyler, Kimberly A.; Melander, Lisa A.

2010-01-01

269

Factors influencing homelessness in women.  

PubMed

The specific aims of the article were to: (i) compare childhood experiences of intimacy and autonomy as they occurred in the families of origin of women who have and women who have not experienced homelessness; (ii) compare social support, reciprocity, and conflict as they occurred in the childhood support networks and in the current support networks of women who have and women who have not experienced homelessness; (iii) examine the relationships between intimacy and autonomy in families of origin and the social support networks from childhood of women who have and women who have not experienced homelessness. Descriptive correlational design: 255 women were interviewed to determine levels of intimacy, autonomy, social support, reciprocity, and conflict in childhood relationships. The ANCOVA models for each of support, reciprocity, and conflict indicated a significant group effect. The post-hoc analysis for support indicated that the homeless group was significantly lower in support and reciprocity and significantly higher in conflict than the never-homeless groups. The never-homeless, never-abused group scored significantly higher on autonomy and intimacy than the homeless or the never-homeless, abused groups. This study demonstrates the significance of families of origin and learning how to develop and utilize support systems in preventing or reducing homelessness. PMID:14692985

Anderson, Debra Gay; Rayens, Mary Kay

2004-01-01

270

Concurrent Mental Health and Substance Use Problems among Street-Involved Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among marginalized populations, homeless adults are known to have elevated rates of mental health and substance use problems\\u000a compared to the general population, but less is known about their youthful homeless counterparts. While few studies currently\\u000a exist, what research has been conducted among street-involved youth has confirmed high rates of comorbidity among this population.\\u000a However, few of these studies explore

Maritt Kirst; Tyler Frederick; Patricia G. Erickson

271

Can Better National Policy End Family Homelessness?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An understanding of the close link between federal policy and family homelessness is critical for ensuring that one day no child in the United States is homeless. This article discusses the nature of family homelessness, the national policy framework that exists to help vulnerable families, the homeless assistance system that federal policy has…

Roman, Nan

2010-01-01

272

National Center on Family Homelessness  

MedlinePLUS

The Real Face of Homelessness: Breaking the Cycle for New York City's Children in Shelter On April 2, Carmela DeCandia, Psy.D., Director of The ... DeCandia gave a presentation on the impact of homelessness and other traumas on children's physical health, emotional ...

273

The Homeless in Contemporary Society.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book consists of 15 chapters on understanding and helping the homeless. The first seven chapters present the "new" homeless in historical context and describe this population and its situation. The remaining eight chapters discuss policy and program options of the government and other organizations in attempting to alleviate the problems of…

Bingham, Richard D.; And Others

274

75 FR 20541 - Homeless Emergency Assistance and Rapid Transition to Housing: Defining “Homeless  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FR-5333-P-01] RIN 2506-AC26 Homeless Emergency Assistance and Rapid Transition to Housing: Defining ``Homeless'' AGENCY: Office of the Assistant...HUD's regulatory implementation of the Homeless Emergency Assistance and Rapid...

2010-04-20

275

Music Listening Preferences in Early Life: Infants' Responses to Accompanied Versus Unaccompanied Singing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated infant listening preferences for two versions of an unfamiliar Chinese children's song: unaccompanied (i.e., voice only) and accompanied (i.e., voice and instrumental accompaniment). Three groups of 5-, 8- and 11-month-old infants were tested using the Headturn Preference Procedure. A general linear model analysis of variance was carried out with gender and age as the between-subjects variables and

Beatriz Ilari; M. Sundara

2009-01-01

276

Neuropsychological functioning of homeless men.  

PubMed

Numerous biological and psychological factors associated with impaired neurological functioning have been identified as common among the homeless, but there has been relatively little systematic examination of the cognitive functioning of homeless people. This study explored the neuropsychological functioning of 90 homeless men. There was great variability in their test scores, but the presence of possible cognitive impairment was detected in 80% of the sample. Average general intellectual functioning and reading abilities were found to be relatively low, and the incidence of impairments in reading, new verbal learning, memory, and attention and concentration was high. These findings suggest that the homeless men in this study had considerable assessment and treatment needs that were not being met by most of the health and social services offered to them. PMID:15232317

Solliday-McRoy, Cindy; Campbell, Todd C; Melchert, Timothy P; Young, Terence J; Cisler, Ron A

2004-07-01

277

Modeling Minority Stress Effects on Homelessness and Health Disparities among Young Men Who Have Sex with Men.  

PubMed

Sexual minority youth are more likely to experience homelessness, and homeless sexual minority youth report greater risk for mental health and substance abuse symptoms than homeless heterosexual youth, yet few studies have assessed determinants that help explain the disparities. Minority stress theory proposes that physical and mental health disparities among sexual minority populations may be explained by the stress produced by living in heterosexist social environments characterized by stigma and discrimination directed toward sexual minority persons. We used data from a sample of 200 young men who have sex with men (YMSM) (38 % African American, 26.5 % Latino/Hispanic, 23.5 % White, 12 % multiracial/other) to develop an exploratory path model measuring the effects of experience and internalization of sexual orientation stigma on depression and substance use via being kicked out of home due to sexual orientation and current homelessness. Direct significant paths were found from experience of sexual orientation-related stigma to internalization of sexual orientation-related stigma, having been kicked out of one's home, experiencing homelessness during the past year, and major depressive symptoms during the past week. Having been kicked out of one's home had a direct significant effect on experiencing homelessness during the past 12 months and on daily marijuana use. Internalization of sexual orientation-related stigma and experiencing homelessness during the past 12 months partially mediated the direct effect of experience of sexual orientation-related stigma on major depressive symptoms. Our empirical testing of the effects of minority stress on health of YMSM advances minority stress theory as a framework for investigating health disparities among this population. PMID:24807702

Bruce, Douglas; Stall, Ron; Fata, Aimee; Campbell, Richard T

2014-06-01

278

Homeless in God's Country: Coping Strategies and Felt Experiences of the Rural Homeless  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines coping behaviors and felt experiences of homeless adults in Michigan's Upper Peninsula. Data from in-depth interviews with 55 homeless adults reveal 5 general coping pattern groups: shelter users, campers, couch hoppers, mixed users, and circumstantial homeless. Homeless adults within each group experienced similar levels of…

Hilton, Timothy; DeJong, Cornell

2010-01-01

279

Homelessness and the Homeless: Responses and Innovations. A Canadian Contribution to IYSH 1987.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents descriptions of successful Canadian public and private programs to aid the homeless and alleviate homelessness as part of participation in the International Year of Shelter for the Homeless (IYSH). Part 1, "The International Year of Shelter for the Homeless," includes the following: (1) objectives; (2) global conditions of the…

Oberlander, H. Peter; Fallick, Arthur L.

280

The Spatial Origins of the Homeless: How the Homeless Vary in Their Geographic Distribution  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been no such study to date to investigate the residential origin of the varying categories of homeless. This study investigates the spatial distribution of residential origins of the varying categories of homeless and the factors that contribute to the vulnerability of individuals to become homeless. The study categorizes homeless people based on gender, family status, the occurrence of

Deden Rukmana

2006-01-01

281

Street careers: homelessness, drug use, and sex work among young men who have sex with men (YMSM)  

Microsoft Academic Search

“Hustling” or sex work is a common means of surviving on the streets and paying for drugs among homeless youth. In this article, we formulate the concepts of “street capital” and “street competencies” to describe how 10 young men who have sex with men (YMSM) in New York City accumulated various knowledge and skills throughout their childhood and adolescence, and

Stephen E. Lankenau; Michael C. Clatts; Dorinda Welle; Lloyd A. Goldsamt; Marya Viost Gwadz

2005-01-01

282

Education Research on Homeless and Housed Children Living in Poverty: Comments on Masten, Fantuzzo, Herbers, and Voight  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This commentary on articles by Masten, Fantuzzo, Herbers, and Voight (and their colleagues) summarizes the findings of each study and discusses their respective contributions. The author of this comment relates his own experiences in conducting similar research with homeless and other low-income youths and reports lessons he has learned that can…

Buckner, John C.

2012-01-01

283

Traumatic Brain Injury Common Among Homeless Men  

MedlinePLUS

... features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Traumatic Brain Injury Common Among Homeless Men In small Canadian ... 2014 Related MedlinePlus Pages Homeless Health Concerns Traumatic Brain Injury WEDNESDAY, April 30, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Brain ...

284

Theory of homelessness using Gibbs' paradigm.  

PubMed

An examination of homelessness is provided using Gibbs' paradigm as a guide. The author assesses national health objectives and health promotion and disease prevention for the homelessness population. PMID:8329739

Turner, G

1993-01-01

285

Homelessness: A Data-Driven Learning Guide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a learning guide that uses data to investigate the characteristics of the Washington DC, metropolitan area homeless population, and the relationship between homelessness and several measures of health.

Icpsr

286

Homelessness Is a Risk Factor for TB  

MedlinePLUS

... to... Ańadir en... Favorites Delicious Digg Google Bookmarks Homelessness is a risk factor for TB Learn how ... the United States, 1% of the population experiences homelessness in a given year, but 5.8% of ...

287

Risk Factors for Homelessness among Women Veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

:Background. Women veterans are three to four times more likely than non-veteran women to become homeless. However, their risk factors for homelessness have not been defined. Methods. Case-control study of non-institutionalized homeless women veterans (n533) and age-matched housed women veterans (n=165). Health, health care, and factors associated with homelessness were assessed using multiple logistic regression with a Monte Carlo algorithm

Donna L. Washington; Elizabeth M. Yano; James McGuire; Vivian Hines; Martin Lee; Lillian Gelberg

2010-01-01

288

Risk Factors for Homelessness among Women Veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Women veterans are three to four times more likely than non-veteran women to become homeless. However, their risk factors for homelessness have not been defined. Methods. Case-control study of non-institutionalized homeless women veterans (n533) and age-matched housed women veterans (n=165). Health, health care, and factors associated with homelessness were assessed using multiple logistic regression with a Monte Carlo algorithm

MPH Elizabeth M. Yano MSPH Donna L. Washington; MSPH Lillian Gelberg

2010-01-01

289

The Second Student-Run Homeless Shelter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From 1983-2011, the Harvard Square Homeless Shelter (HSHS) in Cambridge, Massachusetts, was the only student-run homeless shelter in the United States. However, college students at Villanova, Temple, Drexel, the University of Pennsylvania, and Swarthmore drew upon the HSHS model to open their own student-run homeless shelter in Philadelphia,…

Seider, Scott C.

2012-01-01

290

Homeless Students at the School Door.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United States has about 225,000 to 500,000 homeless children. In 1987, Congress passed a comprehensive law to provide emergency and long-term assistance for homeless persons. Under the Stewart B. McKinney Act, states receive funding to investigate homeless children's needs, identify education obstacles, and develop plans to overcome them. Tips…

Pawlas, George E.

1994-01-01

291

Alcoholism, Drug Abuse, and the Homeless  

Microsoft Academic Search

Credible estimates of the prevalence of alcohol and drug abuse suggest that alcohol abuse affects 30% to 40% and drug abuse 10% to 15% of homeless persons. A review of policies that address substance abuse among the homeless finds that interventions alternate between control and rehabilitation. However, the unique needs of a changing homeless population require an integration of alcoholism

Dennis McCarty; Milton Argeriou; Robert B. Huebner; Barbara Lubran

1991-01-01

292

An Annotated Publications List on Homelessness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated publications list on homelessness contains citations for 19 publications, most of which deal with problems of alcohol or drug abuse among homeless persons. Citations are listed alphabetically by author and cover the topics of homelessness and alcoholism, drug abuse, public policy, research methodologies, mental illness, alcohol- and…

Tutunjian, Beth Ann

293

Escaping Homelessness: Anticipated and Perceived Facilitators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One study with two distinct sections was conducted to identify factors facilitating escape from homelessness. In Section 1, 58 homeless individuals rated possible facilitators of escape (factors they believed would help them become more independent and self-sufficient). In Section 2, 80 participants who had already exited homelessness rated the…

Patterson, Allisha; Tweed, Roger

2009-01-01

294

A New Look at the Homeless.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses sources of homelessness, the difficulties homeless people encounter in their daily lives, attitudes toward the homeless, and the social and psychological impact upon children and adults of losing the social identity and security that a permanent home, however poor, provides. (GC)

Rivlin, Leanne G.

1986-01-01

295

Interpersonal violence and the pregnant homeless woman.  

PubMed

Homelessness continues to increase in the United States. Families comprise the fastest growing segment of the homeless population, and estimates suggest that women head 90% of homeless families. Pregnant homeless women are exposed to more cumulative violence than are comparable low-income, housed women. Intervention strategies that may improve health care provided to pregnant homeless women include abuse and safety assessment protocols and the use of a hand-carried health record. These interventions are directed at efforts to preserve the woman's autonomy and confidentiality, reduce areas of client-provider conflict, and generally improve encounters between the client and the health care system. PMID:9836164

Robrecht, L C; Anderson, D G

1998-01-01

296

A Unique Population: Women Who Are Homeless and Mentally Ill  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a unique population within the homeless community--women who are homeless and mentally ill. Homelessness prevalence and etiology data are presented, followed by a general discussion of how mental illness affects people who are homeless. The article provides an overview of women who are homeless, focusing on those who are…

Markos, Patricia A.; Baron, Heather Lyn; Allen, Daniel N.

2005-01-01

297

Florida's Adult Homeless Literacy Training & Basic Skills Assistance Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some facts about the homeless population in Florida are the following: (1) 40,000 persons in Florida are homeless on any given day, with 40 percent of the total being families; (2) 65 percent are new homeless (not chronic); (3) 30 percent of the homeless are addicted to drugs or alcohol and 20 percent are mentally ill; (4) causes of homelessness

Florida State Dept. of Education, Tallahassee. Div. of Vocational, Adult, and Community Education.

298

Foster Care Placement, Poor Parenting, and Negative Outcomes Among Homeless Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although homeless youth with and without foster care histories both face adverse life circumstances, little is known about\\u000a how these two groups compare in terms of their early histories and whether they face similar outcomes. As such, we compared\\u000a those with and without a history of foster care placement to determine if the associations between a history of poor parenting

Kimberly A. TylerLisa; Lisa A. Melander

2010-01-01

299

Youth on the Street: Abuse and Neglect in the Eighties.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviews with 489 runaway and homeless youth (often victims of abuse and neglect) identified two groups: (1) "runners," who leave home intending not to return and (2) "in and outers," who run away as an impulsive temporary coping mechanism. Risk of engaging in illegal activity increased with distance and time away. (Author/VW)

Kufeldt, Kathleen; Nimmo, Margaret

1987-01-01

300

Shelters for Houseless Youth: A Follow-Up Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Follows Israeli youngsters who had been residents of shelters for runaway and homeless youths. A majority of the youngsters had either returned to their family homes, or had been placed out of home. Post-shelter place of residence was related to length of stay at the shelter, amount of contact with their family while at the shelter, and manner of…

Dekel, Rachel; Peled, Einat; Spiro, Shimon E.

2003-01-01

301

Michigan's Campaign to End Homelessness  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Michigan State Homeless Management Information System (MSHMIS) is a single database platform that provides an unduplicated count of homeless persons living in each region of Michigan. The system also measures patterns of service use and the effectiveness of the services delivered, providing the ability to assess progress across programs and regions. It was developed to improve consistency of reporting among Michigan’s Continuum of Care (CoC) network and includes information from all the service organizations in each region, a total of 524 organizations statewide.

Homelessness, Michiganâs C.

302

A TYPOLOGY OF DRUG-RELATED OFFENDING AMONG YOUNG HOMELESS INJECTION DRUG USERS  

PubMed Central

Research indicates a link between drug use and offending, particularly amongst high-risk individuals, such as homeless youth. The extent to which such youth interpret their offending as being related to their drug use, though, is understudied. This manuscript investigates the interpretations of drug-related offenses offered by 151 primarily white, male, homeless IDUs aged 16–29 years. Youth were asked specific questions about their drug-related offenses during in-depth interviews as part of a larger study investigating health risks surrounding drug injection between 2004 and 2006. The first section of the manuscript outlines offenses youth revealed committing either in pursuit of or after using a variety of substances. The second part of the manuscript examines the overall context (motivation, environment), and provides a seven-tiered typology of drug-related offending based on youth's interpretations, linking certain drugs to specific offenses within particular contexts. From here, some theoretical and practical implications of the findings are discussed.

Sanders, Bill; Lankenau, Stephen E.; Jackson Bloom, Jennifer; Hathaz, Dodi S.

2011-01-01

303

24 CFR 91.205 - Housing and homeless needs assessment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-04-01 false Housing and homeless needs assessment. 91.205 Section...Consolidated Plan § 91.205 Housing and homeless needs assessment. (a) General...with disabilities; and (K) Formerly homeless families and individuals who are...

2013-04-01

304

24 CFR 91.405 - Housing and homeless needs assessment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Housing and homeless needs assessment. 91.405 Section 91...Consolidated Plan § 91.405 Housing and homeless needs assessment. Housing and homeless needs must be described in the...

2013-04-01

305

24 CFR 91.305 - Housing and homeless needs assessment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-04-01 false Housing and homeless needs assessment. 91.305 Section...Consolidated Plan § 91.305 Housing and homeless needs assessment. (a) General...with disabilities; and (K) Formerly homeless families and individuals who are...

2013-04-01

306

77 FR 1971 - Supplemental Security Income and Homeless Individuals  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SSA-2011-0087] Supplemental Security Income and Homeless Individuals AGENCY: Social Security...public regarding the unique needs of homeless Supplemental Security Income (SSI...in public emergency shelters for the homeless, in an effort to better understand...

2012-01-12

307

24 CFR 576.103 - Homelessness prevention component.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Homelessness prevention component. 576.103...Eligible Activities § 576.103 Homelessness prevention component. ESG...This assistance, referred to as homelessness prevention, may be provided to...

2013-04-01

308

Criteria and Recordkeeping Requirements for Definition of Homeless  

MedlinePLUS

... Guidance Criteria and Recordkeeping Requirements for Definition of Homelessness Date Published: January 2012 Description This two-page ... homeless definition by outlining the criteria for defining homelessness and the recordkeeping requirements based on four categories ...

309

Street youth and AIDS.  

PubMed

An attempt is made to characterize the population of homeless street youth who are living marginally and to describe aspects of this population's dynamics, motivations, values, and aspirations. Street youth, ranging in age from birth to 21, are on the street for one reason or another--dire poverty in the home, which necessitates their working on the street to supplement the family income, because they have been rejected by parents or guardians, because they have left home due to violence in the home, drug or alcohol use by family members, or because of lack of a place where they feel they can be "themselves." These conditions make street youths particularly vulnerable to HIV infection, not to mention malnutrition, stress, and drug use. Their violently accelerated emotional maturation, ignorance, alcohol- and drug-induced confusion, together with the exploitation and sexual abuse of which they are often victims, are additional factors that contribute to sexual practices that may lead to HIV infection. PMID:1389867

Bond, L S; Mazin, R; Jiminez, M V

1992-01-01

310

Developing Programs for Homeless Veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between 1992 and 2003, services for homeless veterans at the Veterans Affairs Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System went from inappropriate utilization of hospital medical and psychiatric beds, to a continuum of residential treatment, transitional housing, and employment programs through arrangements with private agencies. The authors use elements of Hasenfeld and Brock's Political Economy Model (1991) to explain this transformation in

John Nakashima; Jim McGuire; Stephen Berman; William Daniels

2005-01-01

311

Universal screening for homelessness and risk for homelessness in the Veterans Health Administration.  

PubMed

We examined data for all veterans who completed the Veterans Health Administration's national homelessness screening instrument between October 1, 2012, and January 10, 2013. Among veterans who were not engaged with the US Department of Veterans Affairs homeless system and presented for primary care services, the prevalence of recent housing instability or homelessness was 0.9% and homelessness risk was 1.2%. Future research will refine outreach strategies, targeting of prevention resources, and development of novel interventions. PMID:24148032

Montgomery, Ann Elizabeth; Fargo, Jamison D; Byrne, Thomas H; Kane, Vincent R; Culhane, Dennis P

2013-12-01

312

Homelessness Outcome Reporting Normative Framework: Systems-Level Evaluation of Progress in Ending Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homelessness is a serious and growing issue. Evaluations of systemic-level changes are needed to determine progress in reducing or ending homelessness. The report card methodology is one means of systems-level assessment. Rather than solely establishing an enumeration, homelessness report cards can capture pertinent information about structural…

Austen, Tyrone; Pauly, Bernie

2012-01-01

313

Homelessness and Trauma Go Hand-in-Hand”: Pathways to Homelessness among Women Veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundVeterans comprise a disproportionate fraction of the nation’s homeless population, with women veterans up to four times more likely to be homeless than non-veteran women. This paper provides a grounded description of women veterans’ pathways into homelessness.

Alison B. Hamilton; Ines Poza; Donna L. Washington

2011-01-01

314

Youth Helping Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines the evaluation of a suburban hotline. Among its foci is the interrelationship between the growth and development of a core group of youthful phone aides and that of the organization as a whole. (Author/AM)

Gordon, James S.

1976-01-01

315

The proportion of veterans among homeless men.  

PubMed Central

This study used data from four surveys conducted in 1986/87 to identify age-race cohorts of homeless men in which veterans are overrepresented. The overall proportion of veterans among homeless men (41%) was somewhat higher than that in the general population (34%). This overrepresentation is largely attributable to the disproportionate representation of veterans in the youngest age cohort (20 to 34 years) of homeless White men. Veterans in this group are 4.76 times more likely to be homeless than nonveterans. Other national data on this cohort reveal higher rates of unemployment, substance abuse, and antisocial personality among veterans than among nonveterans.

Rosenheck, R; Frisman, L; Chung, A M

1994-01-01

316

Smoking cessation among sheltered homeless: a pilot  

PubMed Central

Objective To test the feasibility and effect of a smoking cessation intervention among sheltered homeless. Methods Homeless smokers were enrolled in a 12-week group counseling program plus pharmacotherapy (n=58). Results The mean number of sessions attended was 7.2, most participants used at least one type of medication (67%) and 75% completed 12-week end of treatment surveys. Carbon monoxide verified abstinence rates at 12 and 24 weeks were 15.5% and 13.6% respectively. Conclusion Results support the feasibility of enrolling and retaining sheltered homeless in a smoking cessation program. Counseling plus pharmacotherapy options may be effective in helping sheltered homeless smokers quit.

Shelley, Donna; Cantrell, Jennifer; Warn, Doug; Wong, Selena

2010-01-01

317

Intonation in unaccompanied singing: Accuracy, drift, and a model of reference pitch memory.  

PubMed

This paper presents a study on intonation and intonation drift in unaccompanied singing, and proposes a simple model of reference pitch memory that accounts for many of the effects observed. Singing experiments were conducted with 24 singers of varying ability under three conditions (Normal, Masked, Imagined). Over the duration of a recording, ?50?s, a median absolute intonation drift of 11 cents was observed. While smaller than the median note error (19 cents), drift was significant in 22% of recordings. Drift magnitude did not correlate with other measures of singing accuracy, singing experience, or the presence of conditions tested. Furthermore, it is shown that neither a static intonation memory model nor a memoryless interval-based intonation model can account for the accuracy and drift behavior observed. The proposed causal model provides a better explanation as it treats the reference pitch as a changing latent variable. PMID:24993224

Mauch, Matthias; Frieler, Klaus; Dixon, Simon

2014-07-01

318

[Healthcare institutions for the homeless].  

PubMed

Samusocial is an organisation which provides emergency and longer-term medical respite beds in Paris. They offer, for a duration ranging from a few days to a few years, shelter for homeless people requiring medical care but which no longer merits hospitalisation. The nursing role consists in supporting as part of a multi-professional team these people whose self-esteem and body image have been damaged, to help them construct their life project. PMID:24881236

Pain, Marielle; Kusuamina, Laëticia; Kusuamina, Laëticia

2014-04-01

319

Who Is Doing Well? A Typology of Newly Homeless Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is growing evidence to support developing new typologies for homeless adolescents. Current typologies focus on the risks associated with being homeless, with less consideration of the positive attributes of homeless adolescents. The authors examined both risk and protective factors in a sample of newly homeless adolescents. Using cluster…

Milburn, Norweeta; Liang, Li-Jung; Lee, Sung-Jae; Rotheram-Borus, Mary Jane; Rosenthal, Doreen; Mallett, Shelley; Lightfoot, Marguerita; Lester, Patricia

2009-01-01

320

Barriers to Psychosocial Services Among Homeless Women Veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Veterans make up a disproportionate fraction of the nation's homeless population, with women veterans up to 4 times more likely to be homeless than nonveteran women. This article provides a grounded description of barriers to psychosocial services among homeless women veterans. Three focus groups were held in Los Angeles, California, with a total of 29 homeless women veterans. These women

Alison B. Hamilton; Ines Poza; Vivian Hines; Donna L. Washington

2012-01-01

321

Gender Differences in Self-Reported Reasons for Homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to illustrate some of the ways in which the perceived pathways into homelessness are socially structured. We do this by examining the relative frequency of 11 different reasons homeless males and females cite for being homeless. Males were more likely to cite the following as their main reasons for homelessness: loss of a job,

Richard Tessler; Robert Rosenheck; Gail Gamache

2001-01-01

322

Over the Edge: Homeless Families and the Welfare System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homelessness among families is quickly reaching crisis proportions across the country. Over 30 percent of America's three million homeless people are members of families, and families are the fastest growing segment of the homeless population. Perhaps more disturbing, homelessness represents only the most extreme manifestation of a more…

National Coalition for the Homeless, Washington, DC.

323

Predictors of Transience among Homeless Emerging Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study identified predictors of transience among homeless emerging adults in three cities. A total of 601 homeless emerging adults from Los Angeles, Austin, and Denver were recruited using purposive sampling. Ordinary least squares regression results revealed that significant predictors of greater transience include White ethnicity, high…

Ferguson, Kristin M.; Bender, Kimberly; Thompson, Sanna J.

2014-01-01

324

Perceptions about Homeless Elders and Community Responsibility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Human service students were surveyed ("N" = 207) to determine their perceptions about homeless elders and communal responsibility for their well-being. Using a backward regression analysis, a final model ("F" = 15.617, "df" = 7, "p" < 0.001) for Perceptions about Homeless Persons and Community…

Kane, Michael N.; Green, Diane; Jacobs, Robin

2013-01-01

325

Homelessness, Poverty, and Children's Literacy Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over 100 million families worldwide lack permanent housing or income sufficient to meet their basic needs. Some homeless children are able to succeed in school despite the many challenges they face, but others are not. Seventy-five percent of U.S. homeless children perform below grade level in reading, and schools and teachers may not be prepared…

Walker-Dalhouse, Doris; Risko, Victoria J.

2008-01-01

326

The New Poverty: Homeless Families in America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book discusses homeless families in the United States and advocates the efforts of residential educational and employment training centers--American Family Inns--which provide comprehensive services education, job training, and parenting and life skills to address the poverty-related conditions that contribute to homelessness. Chapters of the…

Nunez, Ralph da Costa

327

Homeless Children: The Watchers and the Waiters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book takes an interdisciplinary approach in discussing the issue of homeless children and the resolution of the problem. An introduction by Nancy A. Boxill presents background on the nature of the problem and summarizes the subsequent papers. "Home and Homelessness in the Lives of Children" by Leanne G. Rivlin analyzes the impact on children…

Boxill, Nancy A., Ed.

328

A Neglected Special Population: The Homeless.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research techniques that were used during the last 20 years to examine the homeless were investigated to identify the types of homeless people studied and the advantages/limitations of various research strategies. The objectives of this investigation were to: (1) review and critique the type of data collected and the research methods used by…

Milburn, Norweeta G.; Watts, Roderick J.

329

The Annual Homeless Assessment Report to Congress  

Microsoft Academic Search

This first Annual Homeless Assessment Report (AHAR) is the result of a complex, four-year project to develop, collect, and analyze standardized information on homeless persons from a nationally representative sample of communities. The work began in 2002 with the award of a contract to Abt Associates Inc. and the University of Pennsylvania Center for Mental Health Services and Research.

2007-01-01

330

Alcoholism, Drug Abuse, and the Homeless.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews policies that address substance abuse among the homeless. Recommends that the changing needs of the homeless require an integration of alcoholism and drug abuse recovery services with programs for various groups, substance-free housing, and psychological knowledge incorporated into programs for those struggling with addiction and…

McCarty, Dennis; And Others

1991-01-01

331

Spirituality and Mental Health among Homeless Mothers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mothers are one of the fastest growing segments of the homeless population in the United States. Although mental health problems often contribute to homelessness, little is known about the factors that affect mothers' mental health. To help identify protective factors, this longitudinal study examined the relationship between spirituality and…

Hodge, David R.; Moser, Stephanie E.; Shafer, Michael S.

2012-01-01

332

Working to End Family Homelessness. Annual Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Center on Family Homelessness is determined to end family homelessness. Sheltering families provides a temporary safe haven. Connecting families to permanent housing, essential services, and critical supports can change their lives forever. Through research the Center learns what families need to rebound from the housing, economic,…

National Center on Family Homelessness (NJ1), 2012

2012-01-01

333

Transmission of Tuberculosis Among the Urban Homeless  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conclusions.\\\\p=m-\\\\Theminimum percentage of cases due to primary tuberculosis in the homeless was estimated to be 53%, compared with the traditional estimate of 10% in the general population. The results suggest that primary tuberculosis caused the majority of tuberculosis cases in this population of the urban homeless in central Los Angeles. (JAMA. 1996;275:305-307)

Peter F. Barnes; Hiyam El-Hajj; Susan Preston-Martin; M. Donald Cave; Brenda E. Jones; Michiko Otaya; Janice Pogoda; Kathleen D. Eisenach

2010-01-01

334

Intervention Strategies with the Homeless Population  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A literature review describing psychological and sociological factors of homelessness. Methods of estimating the frequency of homelessness are described, along with recent point-in-time and period-of-time estimates. Models of service delivery are reviewed. A biopsychosocial model of intervention is proposed that describes stages of intervention…

Dykeman, Bruce F.

2011-01-01

335

Veterans and Homelessness. Updated November 29, 2013.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have brought renewed attention to the needs of veterans, including the needs of homeless veterans. Researchers have found both male and female veterans to be overrepresented in the homeless population, and as the number of...

L. Perl

2013-01-01

336

Housing Outcomes for Hospitalized Homeless Veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines housing status at the time of hospital discharge in a national sample of 3,502 veterans who were homeless at admission to a Veterans Health Adminis- tration (VHA) medical center. A supplemental survey on homelessness was added to the annual VHA inpatient census over a 4-year period (1995 through 1998). Data from this survey were used to identify

Greg A. Greenberg; Jennifer Hoblyn; Catherine Seibyl; Robert A. Rosenheck

2006-01-01

337

Correlates of adult assault among homeless women.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to assess predictors of sexual and physical assault among homeless women. A multivariate, correlation design was utilized to identify independent correlates of adult physical and sexual assault. The sample consisted of 202 homeless women residing in shelters or living on the street in the Skid Row area of Los Angeles. Respondents reporting a history of child sexual abuse were almost four times more likely to report being sexually assaulted as adults and were almost two and one third times more likely to report being physically assaulted as adults. A range of factors increase homeless women's risk of adult physical and sexual victimization, including child sexual abuse, substance use, lifetime sex trade activity, and previous incarceration. It is important for homeless service providers to develop an individual risk profile for homeless women and to intervene in order to decrease their risk of re-victimization. PMID:21099076

Hudson, Angela L; Wright, Kynna; Bhattacharya, Debika; Sinha, Karabi; Nyamathi, Adeline; Marfisee, Mary

2010-11-01

338

Skin cancer screening in the homeless population.  

PubMed

The homeless population is a medically vulnerable patient population in our communities. Of particular concern to dermatologists is the risk for the development of skin cancer in the homeless, in light of their chronic sun exposure and suboptimal sun protection behaviors. Two free skin cancer screenings conducted at the Fourth Street Clinic in Salt Lake City, Utah, in 2011 and 2012, resulted in the diagnosis of 13 skin cancers in 62 patients. These events also highlighted that many homeless patients had suboptimal skin cancer prevention behaviors. We believe that education, awareness, and disease prevention can be relatively easily accomplished by local homeless clinics as a first line of defense against skin cancer in the homeless population. PMID:23374956

Wilde, Megan; Jones, Benjamin; Lewis, Bethany K; Hull, Christopher M

2013-01-01

339

Elderly Homeless Veterans in Los Angeles: Chronicity and precipitants of homelessness  

PubMed Central

We interviewed 33 chronically and 26 acutely homeless veterans aged 65 and over about their health and mental health, education and employment experience, social support, service needs and other precipitants of homelessness. Chronically homeless elderly veterans were more likely to have lower levels of education, had greater numbers and longer durations of prior homelessness, fewer social contacts providing instrumental support, and were more likely to report financial barriers to procuring housing. In response to open-ended questioning, elderly homeless veterans revealed how health and substance use issues interacted with loss of social support and eviction. The results suggest the importance of healthcare access and substance disorder treatment among elderly veterans and informs service delivery. Further research with larger samples is needed to confirm the characteristics and needs of the elderly homeless veteran population.

van den Berk-Clark, Carissa; McGuire, James

2013-01-01

340

Care of the homeless: an overview.  

PubMed

Homelessness affects men, women, and children of all races and ethnicities. On any given night, more than 610,000 persons in the United States are homeless; a little more than one-third of these are families. Homeless persons are more likely to become ill, have greater hospitalization rates, and are more likely to die at a younger age than the general population. The average life span for a homeless person is between 42 and 52 years. Homeless children are much sicker and have more academic and behavioral problems. Insufficient personal income and the lack of affordable housing are the major reasons for homelessness. Complex, advanced medical problems and psychiatric illnesses, exacerbated by drug and alcohol abuse, in combination with the economic and social issues (such as the lack of housing and proper transportation) make this subset of the population a unique challenge for the health care system, local communities, and the government. An integrated, multidisciplinary health care team with an outreach focus, along with involvement of local and state agencies, seems best suited to address the components needed to ensure quality of care, to help make these patients self-sufficient, and to help them succeed. Family physicians are well suited to manage the needs of the homeless patient, provide continuity of care, and lead these multidisciplinary teams. PMID:24784122

Maness, David L; Khan, Muneeza

2014-04-15

341

Young homeless people and service provision.  

PubMed

This paper focuses on access to services, and views of service provision amongst young homeless people aged 14-25 years. Two hundred young homeless people were interviewed in locations throughout Greater Manchester, the majority in towns surrounding the city of Manchester. A semistructured interview schedule was used with interviews being taped and transcribed to provide additional qualitative data. The operational definition of homelessness included not only those who were roofless, but also those residing in hostels, bed and breakfast accommodation, or staying temporarily with friends. Topics examined include: access to services such as housing, health, advice and information; appraisal of service provision; confidence in securing help; and the use of both formal and informal support services. Results show that the provision and use of services for young homeless people varies widely across the county, with the majority of services being concentrated in the city of Manchester. Respondents made good use of certain services such as streetwork agencies, but exhibited a lack of confidence in securing help with the most basic needs, such as food. A desire to avoid being labelled as 'homeless' appeared to make some people unwilling to make use of non-statutory agencies specifically for homeless people. Overall, respondents found particular difficulties in accessing help from statutory services, such as housing and health. Findings point to the necessity of providing adequately resourced services which reach out to young homeless people. PMID:11560618

Reid, Paul; Klee, Hilary

1999-01-01

342

Risk factors associated with recurrent homelessness after a first homeless episode.  

PubMed

Alcohol and drug use are commonly associated with the experience of homelessness. In order to better understand this, we explored the prevalence of drug and alcohol use as it related to successful re-housing within a sample of first-time single homeless adults at municipal shelters. From within this sample, we compared the features of recurrent homelessness with those of chronic homelessness and of being stably housed. We interviewed 344 subjects upon shelter entry and followed each one every six months for 18 months using standardized social and mental health measures. We analyzed baseline assessments relative to housing experiences during follow-up using Chi square and multinomial logistic regression. Eighty-one percent (N = 278) obtained housing over 18 months, of which 23.7 % (N = 66) experienced homelessness again. Recurrent homelessness was more common among those with a high school education and if initially re-housed with family. Bivariate analysis resulted in the observation of the highest rate of alcohol and other drug use among this recurrent group and multinomial logistic regression supported this only with the coupling of arrest history and diagnosed antisocial personality disorder. With relatively high rates of recurrent homelessness, there were differences between subjects who experienced recurrent homelessness compared to those who were stably housed and with chronic homelessness. That alcohol and other substance use disorders were associated with recurrent homelessness only if they were linked to other risk factors highlights the complexity of causes for homelessness and a resultant need to organize them into constellations of causal risk factors. Consistent with this, there should be initiatives that span bureaucratic boundaries so as to flexibly meet multiple complex service needs, thus improving outcomes concerning episodes of recurrent homelessness. PMID:23744291

McQuistion, Hunter L; Gorroochurn, Prakash; Hsu, Eustace; Caton, Carol L M

2014-07-01

343

Sleeping Patterns of Afghan Unaccompanied Asylum-Seeking Adolescents: A Large Observational Study  

PubMed Central

Unaccompanied asylum-seeking children (UASC) have experienced multiple traumas and are a high-risk group for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The effects of trauma are known to be associated with sleep problems; indeed sleeping problems are core features of PTSD. However, there has been no systematic research examining the sleep of this high risk group of children. This study presents the first evidence on the sleeping patterns of Afghan UASC living in the UK. A total of 222 male Afghan children, aged 13–18, were interviewed using validated self-report questionnaires measuring sleeping patterns and PTSD. Overall, UASC patterns for bed time and rise time appear acculturated to the country of asylum. Mean UASC sleep onset latency scores were approximately 20 minutes greater compared with normative scores, which may be a reflection of UASC pre-migration and post-migration experiences. As expected, UASC who screened above the clinical cut-off for PTSD reported significantly greater sleep onset latency, increased nightmares, and less total sleep time compared to the non-PTSD group. The results may be of particular interest to clinicians given that, compared to screening for PTSD, screening for sleep problems may be a less culturally disputed form of initial assessment indicating distress in UASC. Similarly, the field of UASC and refugee child interventions is largely focused on trauma, yet sleep may provide a novel avenue for equally or more effective treatment.

Bronstein, Israel; Montgomery, Paul

2013-01-01

344

Prevalence of Psychiatric Disorders Among Unaccompanied Asylum-Seeking Adolescents in Norway  

PubMed Central

Unaccompanied asylum-seeking children (UASC) are known to be subjected to several potentially traumatic life events, risking more mental health problems than other populations of same age. In this study, we aimed to explore the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity at an early stage after arrival to the host country. We performed structured clinical interviews (CIDI) with 160 male UASC from different countries (Afghanistan, Somalia, Iran), after four months in Norway. Most of the participants had experienced life threatening events (82%), physical abuse (78%), or loss of a close relative (78%) in their former life. Altogether 41.9% of the participants fulfilled diagnostic criteria for a current psychiatric disorder. The most prevalent diagnosis was PTSD (30, 6%), followed by MDD (9, 4%), Agoraphobia (4, 4%) and GAD (3, 8%). Implications of this vulnerability call for more mental health resources in the early stages of the asylum process. Increased awareness of psychiatric morbidity in UASC may improve the prognosis, give more appropriate care, and ease the integration process on all levels of society.

Jakobsen, Marianne; Demott, Melinda A. M; Heir, Trond

2014-01-01

345

Longitudinal follow-up of the mental health of unaccompanied refugee minors.  

PubMed

Despite growing numbers of unaccompanied refugee minors (UMs) in Europe, and evidence that this group is at risk of developing mental health problems, there still remain important knowledge gaps regarding the development of UMs' mental health during their trajectories in the host country and, in particular, the possible influencing role of traumatic experiences and daily stressors therein. This study therefore followed 103 UMs from the moment they arrived in Belgium until 18 months later. Traumatic experiences (SLE), mental health symptoms (HSCL-37A, RATS) and daily stressors (DSSYR) were measured at arrival in Belgium, after 6 and 18 months. UMs reported generally high scores on anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Linear mixed model analysis showed no significant differences in mental health scores over time, pointing towards the possible long-term persistence of mental health problems in this population. The number of traumatic experiences and the number of daily stressors leaded to a significant higher symptom level of depression (daily stressors), anxiety and PTSD (traumatic experiences and daily stressors). European migration policies need to reduce the impact of daily stressors on UMs' mental health by ameliorating the reception and care facilities for this group. Moreover, regular mental health screenings are needed, in combination with, if needed, adapted psychosocial and therapeutic care. PMID:23979476

Vervliet, Marianne; Lammertyn, Jan; Broekaert, Eric; Derluyn, Ilse

2014-05-01

346

Mentoring and Social Skills Training: Ensuring Better Outcomes for Youth in Foster Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Youth in foster care face significant life challenges that make it more likely that they will face negative outcomes (i.e., school failure, homelessness, and incarceration). While the reason(s) for out-of-home placement (i.e., family violence, abuse, neglect and/or abandonment) provide some context for negative outcomes, such negative outcomes…

Williams, Charles A.

2011-01-01

347

Surviving on the Street: The Experiences of Homeless Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Documents living conditions of adolescents (n=390) who left home and were living in the streets of Toronto, Canada. Multiple regression analyses revealed that the most consistent predictions of hunger, criminal activity, and incarceration were the conditions of street life itself: lack of secure shelter and length of time on the street. (JBJ)

McCarthy, Bill; Hagan, John

1992-01-01

348

Parenting and homelessness: overview and introduction to the Special Section.  

PubMed

This overview of parenting and homelessness includes the characteristics and needs of families who are homeless, with a focus on the unique challenges faced by mothers, fathers, and children. In addition, the authors discuss how homeless families are narrowly defined based on the family members who present at shelters and other service programs. In order to fully support parents and their children as they exit homelessness, homeless service programs should consider the broader context of the nontraditional family system and support networks. The overview also includes common challenges to parenting while homeless, a summary of the articles in the Special Section, and recommendations for research, practice, and policy. PMID:19839665

Paquette, Kristen; Bassuk, Ellen L

2009-07-01

349

Daklozen en Thuislozen (Roofless and Homeless).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this report the committee has concentrated its survey of relevant studies around four themes: views of the underlying mechanisms which cause people to become homeless (chapter 2); definitions of concepts and numbers (chapter 3); changes in the characte...

1995-01-01

350

Comparability and Representativeness of Clinical Homeless, Community Homeless, and Domiciled Clinic Samples: Physical and Mental Health, Substance Use, and Health Services Utilization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evaluating the representativeness of homeless samples is important for generalizing research findings on the homeless and designing interventions targeting their health needs. The present study contrasts homeless and domiciled free-clinic users (216 homeless [132 men, 84 women], 212 domiciled [102 men, 110 women]) and 531 community homeless persons (388 men, 143 women) on latent variables representing substance use, mental and

Judith A. Stein; Lillian Gelberg

1997-01-01

351

Health care for homeless veterans. Final rule.  

PubMed

This final rule establishes regulations for contracting with community-based treatment facilities in the Health Care for Homeless Veterans (HCHV) program of the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). The HCHV program assists certain homeless veterans in obtaining treatment from non-VA community-based providers. The final rule formalizes VA's policies and procedures in connection with this program and clarifies that veterans with substance use disorders may qualify for the program. PMID:21894657

2011-08-23

352

Use of psychiatric services by homeless veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patients treated in a Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) emergency room were evaluated to delineate the differences in use\\u000a of services between homeless and domiciled veterans who have mental disorders. Data were obtained and compared on DSM-III-R\\u000a diagnoses, number of hospitalizations, lengths of stay, and outpatient visits in the preceding year. Homeless veterans with\\u000a mental disorders were significantly more likely

Jeffrey Stovall; Joseph A. Flaherty; Blake Bowden; Michael Schoeny

1997-01-01

353

From Homelessness to Community: Psychological Integration of Women Who Have Experienced Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This longitudinal study examined psychological integration of women who were homeless at the study's outset. Participants (N = 101) were recruited at homeless shelters and participated in 2 in-person interviews, approximately 2 years apart. A predictive model identifying factors associated with having a psychological sense of community within…

Nemiroff, Rebecca; Aubry, Tim; Klodawsky, Fran

2011-01-01

354

Utah's Ten-Year Business Plan to End Chronic Homelessness.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 2002, Lieutenant Governor Olene Walker signed a letter requesting Utah's participation in a federally funded 'Policy Academy' training, focusing on ending chronic homelessness in ten years. In May 2003, nine individuals, representing the Homeless Coord...

2004-01-01

355

Affordable Care Act's Role in Preventing and Ending Homelessness  

MedlinePLUS

... Affordable Care Act’s Role in Preventing and Ending Homelessness Download associated files The Affordable Care Act's Role in Preventing and Ending Homelessness What is the Affordable Care Act? On March ...

356

Predictors of Retention in a Homeless Veteran Intervention Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study assessed the value of a specific set of client variables in predicting treatment phase retention and overall program completion of an intervention treatment program for homeless veterans. Treatment programs can improve the lives of homeless ind...

D. J. Cote

2012-01-01

357

Home and Homelessness in the Lives of Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The influence of various forms of homelessness on children's development is discussed. The role of personal space in development is considered, particularly in regard to the settings in which homeless children spend much of their time. (PCB)

Rivlin, Leanne G.

1990-01-01

358

Youth Count: The Vermont Youth Report, 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This KIDS COUNT report examines trends in the well-being of Vermont's youth. The report balances at-risk youth data with survey results related to "positive youth development," an approach that promotes beneficial attributes of youth and their communities. Following an introduction and discussion of positive youth development and youth well-being…

Farber, Wendy; Burgess, Beth

359

41 CFR 102-75.1200 - How may representatives of the homeless apply for the use of properties to assist the homeless?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false How may representatives of the homeless apply for the use of properties to assist the homeless? 102-75.1200 Section 102-75...Use of Federal Real Property to Assist the Homeless Application Process §...

2010-07-01

360

41 CFR 102-75.1200 - How may representatives of the homeless apply for the use of properties to assist the homeless?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false How may representatives of the homeless apply for the use of properties to assist the homeless? 102-75.1200 Section 102-75...Use of Federal Real Property to Assist the Homeless Application Process §...

2009-07-01

361

41 CFR 102-75.1200 - How may representatives of the homeless apply for the use of properties to assist the homeless?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false How may representatives of the homeless apply for the use of properties to assist the homeless? 102-75.1200 Section 102-75...Use of Federal Real Property to Assist the Homeless Application Process §...

2013-07-01

362

41 CFR 102-75.1200 - How may representatives of the homeless apply for the use of properties to assist the homeless?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false How may representatives of the homeless apply for the use of properties to assist the homeless? 102-75.1200 Section 102-75...Use of Federal Real Property to Assist the Homeless Application Process §...

2012-01-01

363

41 CFR 102-75.1200 - How may representatives of the homeless apply for the use of properties to assist the homeless?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false How may representatives of the homeless apply for the use of properties to assist the homeless? 102-75.1200 Section 102-75...Use of Federal Real Property to Assist the Homeless Application Process §...

2011-01-01

364

Transforming Teacher Constructs of Children and Families Who Are Homeless  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of this article is on articulating the importance of teacher development of constructs about homeless children and families and examining factors that influence teachers' perceptions of children and families who are homeless or at high-risk of becoming homeless. The article also explores some strategies to support teachers in…

Powers-Costello, Beth; Swick, Kevin J.

2011-01-01

365

Educational Policy and Reform for Homeless Students. An Overview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides an overview of educational reform efforts that have been targeted toward assisting homeless students. The authors first review some of the difficulties and barriers that confront homeless children in terms of school access and academic success. The authors then examine four different types of educational reforms for homeless

Mawhinney-Rhoads, Lynnette; Stahler, Gerald

2006-01-01

366

Rural Homelessness in Northwest Ohio: Reasons, Patterns, Statistics, and Trends.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural homelessness in America is difficult to define, to count, and to see. This article reports the findings of a 1993 county-wide study of rural homelessness. During a one year survey, 118 homeless households were interviewed. Of those surveyed, 25.8 percent were male adults, 30.9 percent were female adults, and 43.2 percent were children.…

Podlin, Georgette A.

367

Homeless People and Health Care: An Unrelenting Challenge.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1985, the New York City Health Care for the Homeless Program began providing health care and social services to homeless people. The program seeks to provide care to those homeless people with the least access to services, reaching out to them in soup kitchens, shelters, and hotels. This paper summarizes what has been learned since 1985 about…

Neibacher, Susan L.

368

Report on the Education of Homeless Children in Massachusetts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report on the educational needs of homeless children was prepared in compliance with Title VII-B of the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act. Surveys were carried out to determine the number and location of homeless students in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and to assess their unique educational needs as the basis for formulating a…

Massachusetts State Dept. of Education, Boston.

369

24 CFR 578.57 - Homeless Management Information System.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Homeless Management Information System. 578...Components and Eligible Costs § 578.57 Homeless Management Information System. (a...authorized by Title IV of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act; (ix) Paying...

2013-04-01

370

Crossing the Threshhold: Successful Learning Provision for Homeless People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide tells the story of a successful collaboration between The City Literary Institute and homelessness agencies to create an arts-based learning program for homeless people in central London. It identifies guidelines and good practice to stimulate similar work in other locations with problems of homelessness and rough sleeping. The guide is…

Cameron, Helen; McKaig, Wendy; Taylor, Sue

371

Homelessness: Recent Statistics, Targeted Federal Programs, and Recent Legislation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

There is no single federal definition of homelessness. However, most federal programs for the homeless define a homeless individual as a person who lacks a fixed and night-time residence or whose primary residence is a supervised public or private shelter...

M. McCarty

2005-01-01

372

A Taxonomy of Medical Comorbidity for Veterans Who are Homeless  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homeless veterans have numerous medical and behavioral health problems. Grouping homeless people based on comorbidity patterns may assist in determining severity of illness and triaging health care more effectively. We sought to determine if a finite number of profiles could be identified related to demographic characteristics, living situation, length of homelessness, and referral areas using interview data from 2,733 veterans

MPH Adam J. Gordon

2008-01-01

373

Health of the homeless street women in South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on a qualitative survey conducted among 88 homeless street women in Johannesburg inner city about their health profile. The survey analysis is a descriptive one that elicits information about the types and causes of diseases prevalent among the street homeless women as well as their access to health care services based on the experiences of the homeless

Olusola Olufemi

1999-01-01

374

Health status and utilisation of the healthcare system by homeless and non-homeless people in Vienna.  

PubMed

This case-control study describes the health situation, internal and external resources, and utilisation of healthcare facilities by a marginalised population consisting of homeless people in Vienna, Austria, compared with a non-homeless control population. Among the homeless group, participants lived in halfway houses (70%) or permanent housing (30%) in Vienna. Personal interviews were conducted in July 2010 with 66 homeless individuals, and their data were compared with data from non-homeless subjects from the Austrian Health Interview Survey using conditional logistic regression. Compared with the control group, homeless persons suffered more often from chronic diseases (P < 0.001) and rated their health considerably lower than the comparison group (P < 0.001). Homeless people suffered significantly more often from psychiatric disorders, respiratory diseases, hypertension (P < 0.001), digestive system diseases (P = 0.002) and heart diseases (P = 0.015) in comparison with the control group. Additionally, among homeless and non-homeless individuals, the former more often consulted a general practitioner in a period of 28 days (P = 0.002). A significantly greater proportion of homeless people did not have any teeth (P = 0.024) and smoked significantly more (P = 0.002). The results demonstrate deficits in the areas of health, health behaviour, and individual and social resources of homeless people, even though homeless people seek medical care at a higher rate than controls. Continuing health promotion projects for this high-risk group and the strengthening of social resources are recommended. PMID:24354859

Wagner, Julia; Diehl, Katharina; Mutsch, Livia; Löffler, Walter; Burkert, Nathalie; Freidl, Wolfgang

2014-05-01

375

Celebrating Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lists the four young people cited as exceptional youth by President Ronald Reagan on September 9, 1988, during Youth 2000 Week. Cited were Andrea Taylor of Kansas City, Missouri, Peggy Lee Rogers of Denver, Colorado, Annette Pino of Pueblo, Colorado, and Ed Lucero, a student at Colorado State University. (SKC)

Children Today, 1988

1988-01-01

376

Empowering Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Gulf of Maine Institute (GOMI) is striving to empower youth to take on stewardship roles in their communities. Through its Community Based Initiative (CBI) program, GOMI addresses environmental degradation by working with teams of students, teachers, and community members from around the Gulf of Maine to inspire youth to be stewards of the…

Miner, Jennifer; Elshof, Leo; Redden, Anna; Terry, John

2004-01-01

377

Homelessness: Programs and the People They Serve, Highlights Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In December 1999, the department of Housing and Urban development released their "most comprehensive study ever of homelessness in America." The survey of the homeless and the social programs supporting them is offered online in three separate chunks. The Highlights Report offers a substantial review of both the data and analytic conclusions. One significant finding that seems to fly in the face of certain myths about homelessness: "when homeless people get housing assistance and needed services - such as health care, substance abuse treatment, mental health services, education and job training - 76% of those living in families and 60% of those living alone end their homeless status."

1999-01-01

378

Sexual Maltreatment of Unaccompanied Asylum-Seeking Minors from the Horn of Africa: A Mixed Method Study Focusing on Vulnerability and Prevention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: The study described in this paper sought to identify the social, cultural, and political factors that effect African unaccompanied asylum-seeking minors' (UASM) vulnerability to sexual maltreatment in England. It aimed to illuminate how child protection measures could be strengthened for this highly marginalized group. Methods: A mixed…

Lay, Margaret; Papadopoulos, Irena

2009-01-01

379

41 CFR 302-4.204 - If my spouse or domestic partner does not accompany me but travels unaccompanied at a different...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...different time, what per diem rate will he/she receive? 302-4.204 Section...different time, what per diem rate will he/she receive? If your spouse or domestic...travels unaccompanied at a different time, he/she will receive the same per diem...

2013-07-01

380

The Association between Homelessness and Suicidal Ideation and Behaviors: Results of a Cross-Sectional Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the prevalence of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among the homeless and what aspects of homelessness predict suicidality. A sample of 330 homeless adults was interviewed, with 61% reporting suicidal ideation and 34% attempted suicide. Childhood homelessness and periods of homelessness longer than 6 months were found to…

Eynan, Rahel; Langley, John; Tolomiczenko, George; Rhodes, Anne E.; Links, Paul; Wasylenki, Donald; Goering, Paula

2002-01-01

381

WHO IS DOING WELL? A TYPOLOGY OF NEWLY HOMELESS ADOLESCENTS  

PubMed Central

There is growing evidence to support developing new typologies for homeless adolescents. Current typologies focus on the risks associated with being homeless, with less consideration of the positive attributes of homeless adolescents. The authors examined both risk and protective factors in a sample of newly homeless adolescents. Using cluster analysis techniques, they identified three distinct clusters of newly homeless adolescents: those who are protected and doing relatively well while out of home with more protective than risk factors, those who are at-risk, and those who are risky with more risk than protective factors. Over half (51.9%) of these newly homeless adolescents were in the protected cluster. This typology has implications for the design and implementation of services and interventions for newly homeless adolescents to reconnect them with stable housing situations.

Milburn, Norweeta; Liang, Li-Jung; Lee, Sung-Jae; Rotheram-Borus, Mary Jane; Rosenthal, Doreen; Mallett, Shelley; Lightfoot, Marguerita; Lester, Patricia

2010-01-01

382

Correlates of Frailty Among Homeless Adults  

PubMed Central

Frailty, a relatively unexplored concept among vulnerable populations, may be a significant issue for homeless adults. This cross-sectional study assessed correlates of frailty among middle age and older homeless adults (N = 150, 40–73). A Pearson (r) bivariate correlation revealed a weak relationship between frailty and being female (r = .230, p < .01). Significant moderate negative correlations were found between frailty and resilience (r = ?.395, p < .01), social support (r = ?.377, p < .01), and nutrition (r = ?.652, p < .01). Furthermore, Spearman’s rho (rs) bivariate correlations revealed a moderate positive relationship between frailty and health care utilization (rs = .444, p < .01). A stepwise backward linear regression analysis was conducted and in the final model, age, gender, health care utilization, nutrition, and resilience were significantly related to frailty. Over the next two decades, there is an anticipated increase in the number of homeless adults which will necessitate a greater understanding of the needs of this hard-to-reach population.

Salem, Benissa E.; Nyamathi, Adeline M.; Brecht, Mary-Lynn; Phillips, Linda R.; Mentes, Janet C.; Sarkisian, Catherine; Leake, Barbara

2013-01-01

383

Homeless Families in Early Childhood Programs: What to Expect and What to Do.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes characteristics of homeless families and their living conditions. Presents characteristics specific to homeless children, and discusses strategies for working with homeless children and supporting their families in early childhood care and education settings. (HTH)

Kling, Nancy; And Others

1996-01-01

384

75 FR 3970 - Fund Availability Under the VA Homeless Providers Grant and Per Diem Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...AFFAIRS Fund Availability Under the VA Homeless Providers Grant and Per Diem Program...Diem-Only'' (PDO) component of VA's Homeless Providers Grant and Per Diem Program...copies) for assistance under the VA's Homeless Providers Grant and Per Diem...

2010-01-25

385

76 FR 38809 - Federal Property Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless; Notice Federal Register / Vol. 76...Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless AGENCY: Office of the Assistant Secretary...for suitability for use to assist the homeless. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:...

2011-07-01

386

34 CFR 491.1 - What is the Adult Education for the Homeless Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...What is the Adult Education for the Homeless Program? 491.1 Section 491...EDUCATION ADULT EDUCATION FOR THE HOMELESS PROGRAM General § 491.1 What is the Adult Education for the Homeless Program? The Adult Education...

2013-07-01

387

78 FR 28949 - Fund Availability Under VA's Homeless Providers Grant and Per Diem Program (Rehabilitation)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...AFFAIRS Fund Availability Under VA's Homeless Providers Grant and Per Diem Program...facilities originally funded under VA's Homeless Providers Grant and Per Diem Program...copies) for assistance under VA's Homeless Providers Grant and Per Diem...

2013-05-16

388

78 FR 26559 - Homeless Emergency Assistance and Rapid Transition to Housing: Rural Housing Stability Assistance...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...No. 5573-N-02] RIN 2506-AC33 Homeless Emergency Assistance and Rapid Transition...to the Definition of ``Chronically Homeless'' Extension of Public Comment Only...to the definition of ``chronically homeless.'' This document announces that...

2013-05-07

389

38 CFR 1.710 - Homeless claimants: Delivery of benefit payments and correspondence.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Homeless claimants: Delivery of benefit payments and...DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS GENERAL PROVISIONS Homeless Claimants § 1.710 Homeless claimants: Delivery of benefit payments...

2013-07-01

390

77 FR 39342 - Proposed Information Collection (Homeless Providers Grant and Per Diem Program) Activity; Comment...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2900-0554] Proposed Information Collection (Homeless Providers Grant and Per Diem Program...or per diem for programs to assist homeless veterans' transition to independent...of information technology. Titles a. Homeless Providers Grant and Per Diem...

2012-07-02

391

76 FR 32269 - Federal Property Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless; Notice Federal Register / Vol. 76...Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless AGENCY: Office of the Assistant Secretary...suitability for possible use to assist the homeless. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:...

2011-06-03

392

24 CFR 291.415 - Lease with option to purchase properties for use by the homeless.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...purchase properties for use by the homeless. 291.415 Section 291.415...Single Family Properties for the Homeless § 291.415 Lease with option to purchase properties for use by the homeless. (a) Certification....

2013-04-01

393

77 FR 17125 - Federal Property Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless; Notice Federal Register / Vol. 77...Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless AGENCY: Office of the Assistant Secretary...for suitability for use to assist the homeless. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:...

2012-03-23

394

78 FR 28947 - Fund Availability Under VA's Homeless Providers Grant and Per Diem Program (VANS)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...AFFAIRS Fund Availability Under VA's Homeless Providers Grant and Per Diem Program...grantee projects funded under VA's Homeless Providers Grant and Per Diem Program...copies) for assistance under VA's Homeless Providers Grant and Per Diem...

2013-05-16

395

77 FR 12647 - Fund Availability Under VA's Homeless Providers Grant and Per Diem Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...AFFAIRS Fund Availability Under VA's Homeless Providers Grant and Per Diem Program...the Per Diem Only component of VA's Homeless Providers Grant and Per Diem Program...those applicants who will serve specific homeless veteran populations that are...

2012-03-01

396

76 FR 48204 - Fund Availability Under VA's Homeless Providers Grant and Per Diem Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...AFFAIRS Fund Availability Under VA's Homeless Providers Grant and Per Diem Program...Special Need Grant Component of VA's Homeless Providers Grant and Per Diem Program...to continue to deliver services to the homeless Special Need veteran population as...

2011-08-08

397

78 FR 27988 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB Continuum of Care Homeless...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Proposed: Continuum of Care Homeless Assistance Grant Application-Technical...Continuum of Care Program Homeless Assistance Grant competition...as well as acquisition, rehabilitation, new construction, rental...documents, visit HUD's Homeless Resource Exchange CoC...

2013-05-13

398

76 FR 64368 - Notice of Submission of Proposed Information Collection to OMB Homelessness Prevention Study  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Proposed Information Collection to OMB Homelessness Prevention Study AGENCY: Office of...site visits that are part of HUD's Homelessness Prevention Study. The proposed information...for information collection for the Homelessness Prevention study that was already...

2011-10-18

399

Homelessness: A Common Vocabulary Could Help Agencies Collaborate and Collect More Consistent Data.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Multiple federal programs provide homelessness assistance through programs targeted to those experiencing homelessness or through mainstream programs that broadly assist low-income populations. Programs' definitions of homelessness range from including pr...

2010-01-01

400

76 FR 81959 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request; Homelessness Prevention Study Site...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection: Comment Request; Homelessness Prevention Study Site Visits AGENCY...following information: Title of Proposal: Homelessness Prevention Study Site Visits. OMB...requirements associated with HUD's Homelessness Prevention Study Site Visits....

2011-12-29

401

Mentoring and social skills training: ensuring better outcomes for youth in foster care.  

PubMed

Youth in foster care face significant life challenges that make it more likely that they will face negative outcomes (i.e., school failure, homelessness, and incarceration). While the reason(s) for out-of-home placement (i.e., family violence, abuse, neglect and/or abandonment) provide some context for negative outcomes, such negative outcomes need not be a foregone conclusion. In fact, interventions created to serve at-risk youth could ostensibly address the needs of youth in foster care as well, given that they often face similar social, emotional, and other challenges. Specifically, the author posits that supporting foster care youth through the use ofmentoring and social skills training could reduce the negative outcomes far too common for many of these youth. PMID:21950175

Williams, Charles A

2011-01-01

402

Q Fever Outbreak in Homeless Shelter  

PubMed Central

Urban outbreaks of Q fever have occurred after exposure to slaughterhouses or parturient cats. We detected an outbreak of Q fever in a homeless shelter in Marseilles. Investigations showed that the main factors exposing persons to Coxiella burnetii were an abandoned slaughterhouse, used for an annual Muslim sheep feast, and wind.

Brouqui, Philippe; Badiaga, Sekene

2004-01-01

403

Helping the Homeless in School and Out  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

However much the recession might be receding, the effects remain deep and cruel to families living in poverty. Many have fallen through their communities' social safety nets. Today, families with young children comprise 41% of the nation's homeless population. According to the Institute of Children and Poverty, more than 1.35 million kids in the…

Holgersson-Shorter, Helena

2010-01-01

404

A Safety Net for Homeless Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Of 1,700 homeless in Orange County, Florida, 40 percent are families. In 1988, a coalition of 34 agencies formed to address this challenge. A school district task force composed of community members, university student tutors, and key players from transportation services, pupil assignment, health services, Chapter 1, extended day, exceptional…

Pawlas, George; And Others

1994-01-01

405

Tuberculosis in the homeless. A prospective study.  

PubMed

We set out to determine tuberculosis incidence and risk factors in the homeless population in San Francisco. We also examined the transmission of tuberculosis by molecular methods. We followed a cohort of 2,774 of the homeless first seen between 1990 and 1994. There were 25 incident cases during the period 1992 to 1996, or 270 per 100,000 per year (350/100,000 in African Americans, 450/100,000 in other nonwhites, 60/100,000 in whites). Ten cases were persons with seropositive HIV. Independent risk factors for tuberculosis were HIV infection, African American or other nonwhite ethnicity, positive tuberculin skin test (TST) results, age, and education; 60% of the cases had clustered patterns of restriction fragment length polymorphism, thought to represent recent transmission of infection with rapid progression to disease. Seventy-seven percent of African-American cases were clustered, and 88% of HIV-seropositive cases. The high rate of tuberculosis in the homeless was due to recent transmission in those HIV-positive and nonwhite. African Americans and other nonwhites may be at high risk for infection or rapid progression. Control measures in the homeless should include directly observed therapy and incentive approaches, treatment of latent tuberculous infection in those HIV-seropositive, and screening in hotels and shelters. PMID:10934071

Moss, A R; Hahn, J A; Tulsky, J P; Daley, C L; Small, P M; Hopewell, P C

2000-08-01

406

Offending, Homelessness, and the Life Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers the role played by imprisonment in relation to homelessness in particular and to marginal society participation in general. Observations are offered about the concept of the "underclass," and an analysis of the impact of current British social policies on the life course is provided, with special focus on young offenders. (JPS)

Paylor, Ian

1995-01-01

407

Substance Abuse by Homeless Pregnant Mothers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies characteristics of 29 pregnant homeless women (18 African Americans, 6 whites, and 5 others). In general, respondents are young, unmarried minority group members with no income other than entitlements, who have been without a home one year or less. These women have more health problems than the average population. (SLD)

Wagner, Janet Dougherty; Menke, Edna Mae

1992-01-01

408

The impact of homelessness on children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews and critiques community-based re- search on the effects of homelessness on children. Home- less children confront serious threats to their ability to succeed and their future well-being. Of particular concern are health problems, hunger, poor nutrition, developmental delays, anxiety, depression, behavioral problems, and ed- ucational underachievement. Factors that may mediate the observed outcomes include inadequate shelter condi-

Yvonne Rafferty; Marybeth Shinn

1991-01-01

409

Veterans and Homelessness. Updated April 1, 2011.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have brought renewed attention to the needs of veterans, including the needs of homeless veterans. The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) reported that in FY2008 it assessed more than 1,500 veterans who served in the Oper...

L. Perl

2011-01-01

410

The Victimization of the Homeless Mentally Ill.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An indication of the failure of the mental health system in this country is reflected in the increasingly visible homeless population, many of whom suffer from some form of untreated mental illness. Public policy priorities have shifted from proactive, treatment-oriented policies to reactive, punitive institutionalization. The…

French, Laurence

411

Gender Differences in Victimized Homeless Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most of what we know about sexual abuse comes from efforts to examine female children victimized by men. Although some researchers have identified similarities between male and female victims of sexual abuse, few studies have examined gender-specific factors associated with sexual health practices among homeless adolescents. The aim of this study…

Johnson, Regina Jones; Rew, Lynn; Kouzekanani, Kamiar

2006-01-01

412

Homeless & hungry: the evidence from Liverpool.  

PubMed

Much research has established the link between low incomes and poor nutritional standards. A research team from the Centre for Consumer Education & Research at Liverpool John Moores' University recently found that 30% of all families with children in Britain today are spending less on food than what is required to achieve a dietary which adheres, at minimum cost, to the Department of Health's Dietary Recommended Values (DRVs). But very little, if any, research has investigated the nutritional implications of a particularly extreme form of material deprivation--homelessness. This pilot study therefore sets out to study the dietaries of a number of homeless families in Liverpool--homeless as defined by living in Bed & Breakfast accommodation. Not only do such families have to contend with dependency upon welfare benefits when purchasing their foodstuffs; they also have to labour under inadequate cooking facilities. The study has involved these families keeping a dietary diary of all food and drink consumed. This information has then been analysed for its nutrient composition, using the Microdiet computer programme at Liverpool JMU. The results will show that, in every single case, the dietaries of these homeless families fall substantially short of the government's own nutritional guidelines and are, without doubt, unhealthy in the extreme. This paper is thus an examination of the nature and extent of the problem, using the science of nutrition and dietetics: not a policy prescription (although this is obvious) not a policy analysis. A study of the dietary implications of homelessness for 100 individuals (the largest ever undertaken) on Merseyside will be undertaken between September 1993 and June 1994. PMID:8065666

Stitt, S; Griffiths, G; Grant, D

1994-01-01

413

Predictors of substance abuse treatment participation among homeless adults.  

PubMed

The current study focuses on the relationships among a trauma history, a substance use history, chronic homelessness, and the mediating role of recent emotional distress in predicting drug treatment participation among adult homeless people. We explored the predictors of participation in substance abuse treatment because enrolling and retaining clients in substance abuse treatment programs is always a challenge particularly among homeless people. Participants were 853 homeless adults from Los Angeles, California. Using structural equation models, findings indicated that trauma history, substance use history and chronicity of homelessness were associated, and were significant predictors of greater recent emotional distress. The most notable result was that recent emotional distress predicted less participation in current substance abuse treatment (both formal and self-help) whereas a substance use history alone predicted significantly more participation in treatment. Implications concerning treatment engagement and difficulties in obtaining appropriate dual-diagnosis services for homeless mentally distressed individuals are discussed. PMID:24238716

Ibabe, Izaskun; Stein, Judith A; Nyamathi, Adeline; Bentler, Peter M

2014-03-01

414

Perceived health status among the new urban homeless  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homelessness may be the leading social problem in the United States in the mid 1980s. While there may be anywhere from 250,000 to three million homeless persons, few empirically based published studies are available concerning the correlates of mental and physical health status among the homeless. Los Angeles, where the present study was conducted, has been designated by the U.S.

Richard H. Ropers; Richard Boyer

1987-01-01

415

Meeting the Housing and Care Needs of Older Homeless Adults: A Permanent Supportive Housing Program Targeting Homeless Elders  

PubMed Central

The homeless population is aging faster than the general population in the United States. As this vulnerable population continues to age, addressing complex care and housing needs will become increasingly important. This article reviews the often-overlooked issue of homelessness among older adults, including their poor health status and unique care needs, the factors that contribute to homelessness in this population, and the costs of homelessness to the U.S. health care system. Permanent supportive housing programs are presented as a potential solution to elder homelessness, and Hearth, an outreach and permanent supportive housing model in Boston, is described. Finally, specific policy changes are presented that could promote access to housing among the growing older homeless population.

Brown, Rebecca T.; Thomas, M. Lori; Cutler, Deborah F.; Hinderlie, Mark

2014-01-01

416

Indications of reduced prefrontal cortical function in chronically homeless adults.  

PubMed

This study investigated why some homeless individuals seem unable to transition towards self-reliance, following traditional supportive services. It was hypothesized that this may be due to some cognitive dysfunction. Chronically homeless adults were compared to controls on three tests of prefrontal competency: the Iowa Gambling Task, Word Fluency (FAS), and the Burglar's Story; they performed significantly worse than controls on all three tests. These results indicate a relationship between chronic homelessness and possible pre-frontal deficits. This may explain why some long-term homeless fail to learn from the consequences of unproductive behavior and to develop more constructive behaviors needed to attain stability. PMID:24337470

Davidson, Dale; Chrosniak, Linda D; Wanschura, Patricia; Flinn, Jane M

2014-07-01

417

Evaluations of Continuums of Care for Homeless People  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Prepared by the US Department of Housing and Urban Development, "Evaluations of Continuums of Care for Homeless People" is a comprehensive study that examines the continuums of care for homeless people throughout the United States. Critiquing the agenda of the Continuum of Care (CoC), a system designed to help homeless people as well as those at imminent risk of becoming homeless, this 216-page report examines their development, current structure, and possible future. Users should note that this report defaults to small font and may be more easily readable if printed.

2002-01-01

418

From homeless to housed: caring for people in transition.  

PubMed

This ethnographic study was conducted to determine what homeless people experience during the transition from street life into community housing. Data were gathered through participant observation at a program designed to secure housing and support services for homeless people upon discharge from a psychiatric hospital. Sixty homeless, mentally ill adults were followed from hospital discharge through their first 2 years in community housing. Homeless people interact with health care providers across a cultural divide produced by vast differences in their lived experiences. This cultural distance limits access to the services that these individuals require to achieve residential stability. PMID:18449834

Drury, Lin J

2008-01-01

419

How Effective Homelessness Prevention Impacts the Length of Shelter Spells  

PubMed Central

Homelessness prevention programs intervene with households apparently in imminent danger of becoming homeless, and try to keep them housed. If they are at least partially successful, how do they change the average shelter spell of households actually becoming homeless? We use data from 2003 to 2008 for Homebase, a New York City homelessness prevention program that studies have found to be effective in reducing shelter entries. Homebase made no difference in average shelter spells at the community level. This result, like many results about shelter spell length, is not easy to reconcile with the idea that shelter spell length is a reflection of the seriousness of underlying problems.

Goodman, Sarena; Messeri, Peter; O'Flaherty, Brendan

2014-01-01

420

Homelessness in a national sample of incarcerated veterans in state and federal prisons.  

PubMed

The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) has been increasing efforts to reach out to assist incarcerated veterans. While previous studies have shown strong associations between incarceration and homelessness, few studies have examined distinctive characteristics of incarcerated homeless and non-homeless veterans. National administrative data on 30,348 incarcerated veterans served by the Health Care for Re-entry Veterans (HCRV) program were analyzed. Incarcerated veterans were classified into four groups based on their history of past homelessness: not homeless, transiently homeless, episodically homeless, and chronically homeless. Multinomial logistic regression was used to compare groups on sociodemographic characteristics, criminal justice status, clinical status, and their interest in using VHA services. Of the sample, 70 % were classified as not homeless, 8 % as transiently homeless, 11 % as episodically homeless, and 11 % as chronically homeless. Thus, 30 % of the sample had a homeless history, which is five times the 6 % rate of past homelessness among adult men in the general population. Compared to non-homeless incarcerated veterans, all three homeless groups reported significantly more mental health problems, more substance abuse, more times arrested in their lifetime, more likely to be incarcerated for a non-violent offense, and were more interested in receiving VHA services after release from prison. Together, these findings suggest re-entry programs, like HCRV, can address relevant mental health-related service needs, especially among formerly homeless veterans and veterans in need of services are receptive to the offer of assistance. PMID:23512110

Tsai, Jack; Rosenheck, Robert A; Kasprow, Wesley J; McGuire, James F

2014-05-01

421

Reconnecting Youth & Community. A Youth Development Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This primer on youth development is intended to help communities rethink youth services in the context of the larger community. It offers guidance about the changes necessary to plan for and accept new ideas. The youth development approach advocated by the Family and Youth Services Bureau (FYSB) suggests that helping young people achieve their…

Johnson, Bassin, and Shaw, Inc., Silver Spring, MD.

422

U.S. government announces new policy to address homelessness  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Integrating Services a Key to Homelessness Planhttp://abcnews.go.com/Business/wireStory?id=10985475Shelter residents, operators react to U.S. Homeless planhttp://www.joplinglobe.com/local/x383282834/Shelter-residents-operators-react-to-U-S-homeless-planObama builds on Bush success to help the homelesshttp://www.csmonitor.com/Commentary/the-monitors-view/2010/0622/Obama-builds-on-Bush-success-to-help-the-homelessA 1% fix for homelessnesshttp://www.sltrib.com/sltrib/home/49752645-73/percent-homeless-housing-homelessness.html.cspUnited States Interagency Council on Homelessness http://www.usich.gov/U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development: Homelessness Resource Exchangehttp://www.hudhre.info/Addressing the problems of the homeless population is a multi-faceted undertaking, and many different governmental agencies have tried novel approaches recently. For example, a coalition of groups in Seattle opened a residential facility several years ago where homeless persons who were dependent on alcohol could drink openly while living in the facility. This Tuesday, the White House made an announcement that a new effort called "Opening Doors" would be utilized to offer a new approach on the federal level to dealing with homelessness. The basic premise behind this approach is that better coordination among the "many agencies that try to help homeless people find employment and health care as well as stable places to live" is a crucial step to ending homelessness entirely. One of the key components of this plan is to also add housing vouchers for low-income families and affordable rental units in the short-term. The hope is that chronic homelessness (where people tend to cycle through shelters and hospitals) can be effectively alleviated with the implementation of this policy. The first link will take visitors to a story from ABC News about the recent announcement from the White House about this new plan. The second link will lead users to an article from the Joplin Globe which takes a look at reactions from residents and operators of homeless shelters in Joplin, MO. The third link will take users to an editorial from this Tuesday's Christian Science Monitor which discusses the work of the Bush administration on a similar plan to end chronic homelessness. Moving on, the fourth link leads to a thoughtful article from the Salt Lake Tribune which talks about the movement to encourage Utahns to pledge 1 percent of one year's income to generate an endowment to solve homelessness in the state. The fifth link will whisk users to the homepage of the United States Interagency Council on Homelessness. Here visitors can learn about the details of this plan and consider statistics on homelessness. The last and final link leads to the Department of Housing and Urban Development's Homelessness Resource Exchange website. The site contains information for those people "assisting persons who are homeless or at risk of becoming homeless."

Grinnell, Max

2010-06-25

423

Youth Suicide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveys the literature on youth suicide (ages 15-24) for the period 1980-1985, emphasizing general determinants of suicide, predictors in the form of psychological tests, precipitating events, and signs that may signify impending attempts at self-destruction. Suggestions for prevention, and limitations of research on suicide are offered. (Author)

Allen, Bem P.

1987-01-01

424

Treatment Outcome as a Function of Treatment Attendance with Homeless Persons Abusing Cocaine  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examines the influence of treatment attendance at two substance abuse outpatient treatment programs of the Birmingham Substance Abuse Homeless Project on substance abuse, homelessness, and unemployment outcomes with homeless persons abusing primarily crack cocaine. Results revealed that significant reductions across a one year period in alcohol use, cocaine use, and homelessness were more likely to occur in clients

Joseph E. Schumacher; Jesse B. Milby; Ellen Caldwell; James Raczynski; Molly Engle; Max Michael; James Carr

1996-01-01

425

Special article: Infectious diseases among homeless children and adolescents: A national concern  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most Americans have the misconception that the homeless population is composed primarily of adults, many of whom are derelicts, drug abusers, and the like. In actuality, the typical homeless person in America today is a child, and the fastest growing portion of the homeless population is families with children. Homeless children and adolescents present specific challenges to individuals who provide

B. Lee Ligon

2000-01-01

426

Report to the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development on the Homeless and Emergency Shelters.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report provides information on three basic issues concerning homelessness: (1) the extent of homelessness nationwide and by region, (2) a profile of the homeless, and (3) the extent of shelter capacity and other programs for the homeless. Data and in...

1984-01-01

427

Impaired Immune Function in a Homeless Population with Stress-Related Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Homeless people suffer high levels of psychological distress. The aim of the present work was to study the immune function in a group of homeless people with stress-related disorders and compare it with that of healthy non-homeless controls. Methods: We included in the study 40 homeless persons and 40 housed controls recruited from the population of Madrid and matched

Lorena Arranz; Aída de Vicente; Manuel Muńoz; Mónica De la Fuente

2009-01-01

428

Homeless Education and Social Capital: An Examination of School and Community Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: This study contributes to the literature on the schooling of homeless and highly mobile students. Although previous work has detailed the demographics of homelessness, the effects of homelessness on academic progress, and particular legal issues in homeless education, this research focused on how individual and institutional…

Miller, Peter M.

2011-01-01

429

Multilevel Considerations of Family Homelessness and Schooling in the Recession Era  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This mixed methods investigation of homeless education in a major urban region identified a number of significant developments and dilemmas amid the larger homeless crisis in the United States. We found that the wider community demographics of homelessness have shifted in recent years, resulting in a higher number of homeless families--many of…

Miller, Peter; Schreiber, James

2012-01-01

430

Impact of nursing intervention on improving HIV, hepatitis knowledge and mental health among homeless young adults.  

PubMed

In a prospective two-group pilot study of a convenient sample of 156 young adults, we assessed improvement in HIV cognitive and transmission knowledge, hepatitis knowledge, and mental health at six-month follow-up. Multiple linear regression analysis revealed higher six-month scores in total HIV/AIDS knowledge, HIV/AIDS cognitive knowledge, HIV transmission knowledge and HBV and HCV knowledge at 6 months in the Hepatitis Health Promotion (HHP) group compared to the Art Messaging (AM) group. Moreover, homeless young participants who reported having significant others in their lives, and excellent or very good health did better than their counterparts. Youth who were attempting to get their lives together had higher scores for all types of knowledge except HBV. Hallucinogen users had significantly worse scores on all knowledge measures than non-users. Lastly, the HHP group revealed an improvement in psychological well-being compared to the AM group. PMID:22797748

Nyamathi, Adeline; Kennedy, Barbara; Branson, Catherine; Salem, Benissa; Khalilifard, Farinaz; Marfisee, Mary; Getzoff, Daniel; Leake, Barbara

2013-04-01

431

Enabling Older Homeless Minority Women to Overcome Homelessness by Using a Life Management Enhancement Group Intervention  

PubMed Central

This paper describes the importance of a life management enhancement (LME) group intervention for older minority women in developing personal control and self-confidence in social relationships as they overcome homelessness. Women in the treatment group showed significantly greater personal control and higher levels of self-confidence following the six-week intervention than women in the control group. Increasing personal control and developing self-confidence in social relationships can help individuals achieve desired outcomes as a result of their actions, efforts, and abilities. These attributes can help women increase and sustain appropriate coping methods and overcome homelessness.

Washington, Olivia G. M.; Moxley, David P.; Taylor, Jacquelyn Y.

2010-01-01

432

Understanding Heterosexual Condom Use Among Homeless Men  

PubMed Central

This study uses an event-based approach to examine individual, relationship, and contextual correlates of heterosexual condom use among homeless men. Structured interviews were conducted with a predominantly African American sample of 305 men recruited from meal lines in the Skid Row area of Los Angeles. Men reported on their most recent heterosexual event involving vaginal or anal intercourse. Adjusting for demographic characteristics only, condom use was more likely when men had higher condom use self-efficacy, greater HIV knowledge, or talked to their partner about condoms prior to sex. Condom use was less likely when men held more negative attitudes towards condoms, the partner was considered to be a primary/serious partner, hard drug use preceded sex, or sex occurred in a public setting. Condom attitudes, self-efficacy, partner type, and communication were the strongest predictors of condom use in a multivariate model that included all of the above-mentioned factors. Associations of unprotected sex with hard drug use prior to sex and having sex in public settings could be accounted for by lower condom self-efficacy and/or less positive condom attitudes among men having sex under these conditions. Results suggest that it may be promising to adapt existing, evidence-based IMB interventions for delivery in non-traditional settings that are frequented by men experiencing homelessness to achieve HIV risk reduction and thus reduce a significant point of disparity for the largely African American population of homeless men.

Tucker, Joan S.; Wenzel, Suzanne L.; Golinelli, Daniela; Kennedy, David P.; Ewing, Brett; Wertheimer, Samuel

2012-01-01

433

Wellbeing for homeless people: a Salutogenic approach.  

PubMed

Homelessness affects considerable numbers in the UK and is caused by poverty and social exclusion. Much of the literature on housing and health is disease centric, where the experience of homelessness is described as traumatic, disempowering and socially isolating. Based on the Salutogenic approach, which calls for a positive orientation on health, the aim of this study was to explore the subjective lived experiences of wellbeing in the situated context of homeless people's lives. Nine in-depth qualitative interviews with temporarily housed adults (>25 years) in a socio-economically deprived region of North-west England were held. Accounts of renewed self-confidence, perceived resourcefulness and continual personal participation are said to be supporting wellbeing. A strong belief, or sense of coherence, in internal and external general resistance resources was a critical enabling factor for those living in temporary accommodation. Wellbeing was consistently linked with both social and formal activities; keeping occupied and having a strong sense of purpose were essential to wellbeing. In utilizing a Salutogenic approach we demonstrate how the 'context and meaning' of health actions can improve the understanding about the kinds of factors influencing wellbeing. PMID:22983692

Dunleavy, Andrew; Kennedy, Lynne Alexandra; Vaandrager, Lenneke

2014-03-01

434

Understanding heterosexual condom use among homeless men.  

PubMed

This study uses an event-based approach to examine individual, relationship, and contextual correlates of heterosexual condom use among homeless men. Structured interviews were conducted with a predominantly African American sample of 305 men recruited from meal lines in the Skid Row area of Los Angeles. Men reported on their most recent heterosexual event involving vaginal or anal intercourse. Adjusting for demographic characteristics only, condom use was more likely when men had higher condom use self-efficacy, greater HIV knowledge, or talked to their partner about condoms prior to sex. Condom use was less likely when men held more negative attitudes towards condoms, the partner was considered to be a primary/serious partner, hard drug use preceded sex, or sex occurred in a public setting. Condom attitudes, self-efficacy, partner type, and communication were the strongest predictors of condom use in a multivariate model that included all of the above-mentioned factors. Associations of unprotected sex with hard drug use prior to sex and having sex in public settings could be accounted for by lower condom self-efficacy and/or less positive condom attitudes among men having sex under these conditions. Results suggest that it may be promising to adapt existing, evidence-based IMB interventions for delivery in non-traditional settings that are frequented by men experiencing homelessness to achieve HIV risk reduction and thus reduce a significant point of disparity for the largely African American population of homeless men. PMID:22392155

Tucker, Joan S; Wenzel, Suzanne L; Golinelli, Daniela; Kennedy, David P; Ewing, Brett; Wertheimer, Samuel

2013-06-01

435

Understanding Youth Violence  

MedlinePLUS

... social services. 3 Why is youth violence a public health problem? Youth violence is widespread in the United ... CDC uses a four-step approach to address public health problems like youth violence. Step 1: Define the ...

436

Homeless and Special Education Administrative Collaboration: Recommendations. Policy Forum Proceedings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project Forum at the National Association of State Directors of Special Education (NASDSE) and the National Center for Homeless Education (NCHE) worked together to collect information regarding the need for a policy forum on the topic of administrative collaboration between school personnel who support homeless education under the McKinney-Vento…

Bowman, Diana; Burdette, Paula; Julianelle, Patricia

2008-01-01

437

From Back Wards to Back Alleys: Deinstitutionalization and the Homeless.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current non-system for dealing with the mentally disabled is expensive and inefficient and is the primary cause of a substantial proportion of all homelessness. A comprehensive national policy and the delegation of greater administrative responsibilities to private agencies would help to address the problem of the homeless mentally ill. (GC)

Hope, Marjorie; Young, James

1984-01-01

438

Fear, romance and transience in the lives of homeless women  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper takes up the question of what it means to be a woman who lives on the streets and in hostels as a homeless person in London. Using qualitative data from three women respondents, the analysis focuses upon their reasons for becoming and staying homeless. We address issues concerning the women's perceptions of danger and safety on the streets,

Alan Radley; Darrin Hodgetts; Andrea Cullen

2006-01-01

439

How You Can Help Students Who Are Homeless  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many schools are struggling with high numbers of homeless students. Some research has suggested that homeless students are often experiencing exhaustion, hunger, stress, abuse and insecurity, making socialization and learning more difficult for them than it is for their peers. This paper discusses three easy ways school professionals can help and…

Curriculum Review, 2009

2009-01-01

440

Special Schools for Homeless Students Bursting at the Seams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Monarch School is a San Diego-based public K-12 institution that exclusively serves homeless students. Begun by the San Diego County Office of Education as a drop-in center for homeless high school students, the 170-student school is now a public-private partnership between the San Diego school board and the nonprofit Monarch School Project. The…

Anderson, Michelle D.

2011-01-01

441

Homeless Children: Are They Being Prepared for the Future?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the problems of homeless children in getting education and the solutions attempted in the Orange County (Florida) school district, which collaborates with social service agencies, has an advocate in each school, and involves preservice teachers in educating homeless children. (SK)

Pawlas, George E.

1996-01-01

442

Understanding survival sex: young women, homelessness and intimate relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article seeks to explore gendered experiences of homelessness through an examination of survival sex. Survival sex is usually understood to be the exchange of sex for material support, however, this research found a greater complexity in the intimate relationships being undertaken by young women experiencing homelessness. In-depth interviews were conducted with 15 young women aged 18–25 years living in

Juliet Watson

2011-01-01

443

Homelessness and Young Children: Early Childhood Care and Education. Minibibliography  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004, states must have policies and procedures in place that ensure timely assessment, appropriate services, and continuity of services for children with disabilities who are homeless. IDEA 2004 specifically requires states to comply with the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance…

Goode, Susan, Comp.; Shaw, Evelyn, Comp.

2006-01-01

444

Hopes, Dreams & Promise: the Future of Homeless Children in America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book explores in six chapters the issues behind family homelessness in America and presents some solutions to this increasing problem. Chapter 1 analyzes some of the causes for homelessness with a look at the 1980s, cuts in social programs, the insufficient help provided by federal authorities, and efforts of local initiatives. In chapter 2 a…

Nunez, Ralph da Costa

445

Homelessness: Programs and the People They Serve, Summary Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In December 1999, the department of Housing and Urban development released their "most comprehensive study ever of homelessness in America." The survey of the homeless and the social programs supporting them is offered online in three separate chunks. The Summary Report gives complete analysis of the extensive findings of the survey, including five chapters summarizing the methodology and data.

1999-01-01

446

Homelessness: Programs and the People They Serve, Technical Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In December 1999, the department of Housing and Urban development released their "most comprehensive study ever of homelessness in America." The survey of the homeless and the social programs supporting them is offered online in three separate chunks. The Technical Report provides the "full, detailed technical report consisting of 17 chapters with appendices and complete sets of data tables (over 500 pages)."

1999-01-01

447

Communicating Effectively with Parents and Families Who Are Homeless  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parents and families who are homeless need positive communication experiences with early childhood programs. This article provides several examples of ways to connect with families who are homeless and to meet their needs through continuous communication. Staff development ideas, parent and family involvement, and school-community support strategies are especially noted.

Kevin J. Swick; Lora Battle Bailey

2004-01-01

448

Homelessness amongst drug users: a double jeopardy explored  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homelessness amongst drug users is a serious cause for concern that is increasingly generating research in the UK and elsewhere. Despite this, in-depth qualitative information about the dual jeopardy of being both homeless and a drug user is limited and strategies for dealing with the problem remain uncertain. The aim of this paper is to add to existing knowledge by

Joanne Neale

2001-01-01

449

The Crisis of Homelessness: Its Dimensions and Solutions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major problem in addressing urban homelessness lies in integrating the efforts to eliminate its structural causes and in drawing the lines of responsibility between government, private welfare groups and individuals for the shelter and rehabilitative needs of homeless people. (Author)

Sloss, Michael

1984-01-01

450

The Relationship between Learning Disabilities and Homelessness in Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the relationship between learning disabilities (LD) and homelessness. Research describing the connection between disabilities and homelessness has focused on individuals presenting with disabilities such as mental illness, physical disabilities, medical disabilities, or substance abuse. At this time, the presence of LD in…

Markos, Patricia A.; Strawser, Sherri

2004-01-01

451

A Critical Analysis of the Research on Student Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the onset of the economic recession, rates of student homelessness have increased rapidly in urban, suburban, and rural school districts throughout the United States. Despite the widespread urgency of the issue, there is a lack of general coherence in the research about how diverse conditions of homelessness affect students and how schools…

Miller, Peter M.

2011-01-01

452

Summer Literacy Intervention for Homeless Children Living in Transitional Housing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports the findings of a six-week summer literacy program conducted at a transitional housing facility for homeless families in the Southwestern region of the U.S. This study is grounded on the body of knowledge on students' literacy and homelessness. The intervention included one-on-one instruction by tutors. This study examined…

Willard, Adrienne Lisa; Kulinna, Pamela Hodges

2012-01-01

453

Predicting Overt and Covert Antisocial Behaviors: Parents, Peers, and Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parental deviance, parental monitoring, and deviant peers were examined as predictors of overt and covert antisocial behaviors. Homeless (N=231) and housed (N=143) adolescents were assessed in adolescence and again in early adulthood. Homelessness predicted both types of antisocial behaviors, and effects persisted in young adulthood. Parental…

Tompsett, Carolyn J.; Toro, Paul A.

2010-01-01

454

Strengthening At-Risk and Homeless Young Mothers and Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Strengthening At Risk and Homeless Young Mothers and Children Initiative, funded by the Conrad N. Hilton Foundation, aims to improve the housing, health, and development of homeless and at-risk young families. This article describes the services provided in four program sites (Pomona, CA; Antelope Valley, CA; Minneapolis, MN; and Chicago, IL)…

Medeiros, Debra; Vaulton, Wendy

2010-01-01

455

The Characteristics and Needs of Families Experiencing Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fact sheet was developed to help you understand the scope, causes, and impact of homelessness on children and families. You are encouraged to use it as well as the publications cited in its footnotes as tools more about homelessness. (Contains 78 endnotes.)

National Center on Family Homelessness (NJ1), 2011

2011-01-01

456

Homelessness, Violence Exposure, and School Participation among Urban Adolescent Mothers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a risk and resilience framework, this exploratory study examines the relationships between homelessness, exposure to multiple types of violence, and school participation within a survey sample of poor adolescent mothers living in an urban setting. Participants who were homeless either currently or historically were compared with participants…

Kennedy, Angie C.

2007-01-01

457

Teaching science with homeless children: Pedagogy, representation, and identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, I explore the question of what it means to create a science for all from the vantage point of urban homeless children. I draw on the work of critical and feminist scholars in science and education, as well as my own teaching and research with urban homeless children, to question how inclusive the science education community is

Angela Calabrese Barton

1998-01-01

458

Visible Voices: Literacy Identity and the Invisible Homeless  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite calls for increased awareness of and sensitivity to diverse students and their in- and out-of-school literacies, the "invisible homeless"--those who often decline to self-identify--receive inadequate scholarly attention. They are often individuals who fear the stigma associated with homelessness as they navigate workplace, academic, and…

Juchniewicz, Melissa M.

2012-01-01

459

Homeless Families' Education Networks: An Examination of Access and Mobilization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study sought deeper understanding of how sheltered families accessed and mobilized educationally related relationships and resources during periods of homelessness. Such work is posited to be especially relevant considering that there is a growing crisis of family homelessness in the United States and school- and community-based…

Miller, Peter M.

2011-01-01

460

Answering the Call: Facilitating Responsive Services for Students Experiencing Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After a review of the literature elucidating the status quo for students experiencing homelessness, this article shares the results of a mixed methods study. With a phenomenological qualitative emphasis, the mixed methods study explored the perceptions of parents and children experiencing homelessness regarding their academic needs and the…

Grothaus, Tim; Lorelle, Sonya; Anderson, Kie; Knight, Jasmine

2011-01-01

461

Young People, Drug Use and Family Conflict: Pathways into Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people who experience homelessness, in Australia and in other western contexts (US, Canada, England), are widely perceived to use and abuse alcohol and drugs. The available research indicates that homeless young people use all drug types, whether injected or otherwise, more frequently than their home-based peers. Debate exists in the…

Mallett, Shelley; Rosenthal, Doreen; Keys, Deborah

2005-01-01

462

Homelessness among people with severe mental illness in Switzerland  

Microsoft Academic Search

Questions under study: This study addresses socio-demographic and clinical characteristics among homeless people in Switzerland admitted to inpatient care, the use of and pathways to inpa- tient care by this group and, the extent to which psychiatric disorders contribute to the risk of homelessness. Methods: Based on data of a psychiatric case register we analysed 16 247 people consecutively referred

Christoph Lauber; Barbara Lay; Wulf Rössler

463

Planning Services for the Homeless in the San Francisco Peninsula  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary: A survey of clients seeking homeless services at agencies in the SF Peninsula, indicates that a disproportionate percentage are minority group members (African American and Hispanic) and veterans, and points to the need for integrated housing, social services, and health care for this vulnerable population. Significant efforts have been made to change public attitudes towards the homeless and to

Lars G. Osterberg; Donald A. Barr

2007-01-01

464

Homelessness and the Fiscal Year 1993 Federal Budget.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyzes the Bush Administration's budget request for homelessness programs, and argues that it promised little to alleviate the suffering of homeless people. The paper asserts that the proposal is the weakest in years, with overall spending down by 7 percent when adjusted for inflation. Programs hardest hit are new funding to increase…

National Coalition for the Homeless, Washington, DC.

465

Lessons Learned: A "Homeless Shelter Intervention" by a Medical Student  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors explored the process of implementing a medical student-initiated program designed to provide computerized mental health screening, referral, and education in a homeless shelter. Method: An educational program was designed to teach homeless shelter staff about psychiatric disorders and culturally-informed treatment…

Owusu, Yasmin; Kunik, Mark; Coverdale, John; Shah, Asim; Primm, Annelle; Harris, Toi

2012-01-01

466

Evalution of a social health intervention among homeless tuberculosis patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Setting: Homeless and other fringe groups are a priority in the global strategies of tuberculosis prevention and control in big cities, as a consequence of their generally poor adherence to treatment and concurrent multiple social and health problems.Objective: To evaluate a social care and health follow-up programme targeting homeless tuberculosis patients in Ciutat Vella District, Barcelona, which covered 210 patients

E. Diez; J. Claveria; T. Serra; J. A. Caylŕ; J. M. Jansŕ; R. Pedro; J. R. Villalbi

1996-01-01

467

A vacation for the homeless: evaluating a collaborative community respite programme in Canada through clients' perspectives.  

PubMed

This study assesses the Urban Breakaway Project, a collaborative project offering a structured vacation in the countryside of the province of Quebec intended for homeless (or street) youths. The objective of this study was to document participants' perspectives regarding this project by examining their satisfaction, intention to change following their stay and perceived improvement with respect to their life situation. Another goal of this research was to investigate the relationship between satisfaction level and perceived improvement of participants. One hundred and seven individuals participated in the study, during Urban Breakaway's first year of operation. Satisfaction with the project, assessed with the global Client Satisfaction Questionnaire-3 score, revealed a positive relationship with global scores of perceived improvement, as measured by the Perceived Improvement Questionnaire [PIQ; r = 0.37 (67), 95% CI (0.15; 0.56)]. Regarding intention to change, the data indicated that 95% of participants had moderate-to-definite intentions to do something to change their lives. Participants reported an improvement for most items covered by the PIQ. They experienced the greatest changes in relation to mood, leisure, appetite, physical condition and self-esteem. Results indicate that the Urban Breakaway Project reaches not only street youths but also an older homeless population. Participants, regardless of their age, were found to be very satisfied with services obtained, and their satisfaction was significantly correlated with the perceived improvement in their situation. Qualitative data indicate that characteristics of the programme, such as the countryside setting, the focus on basic needs, the climate and the opportunity for socialisation, peer support (or belonging) and personal growth were appreciated. PMID:23057696

Perreault, Michel; Jaimes, Annie; Rabouin, Daniel; White, Noé D; Milton, Diana

2013-03-01

468

Deriving costs of service use among an urban homeless population.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to describe a novel approach to calculating service use costs across multiple domains of service for homeless populations. A randomly-selected sample of homeless persons was interviewed in St. Louis, MO and followed for 2 years. Service- and cost-related data were collected from homeless individuals and from the agencies serving them. Detailed interviews of study participants and of agency personnel in specific domains of service (medical, psychiatric, substance abuse, homeless maintenance, and homeless amelioration services) were conducted using a standardized approach. Service utilization data were obtained from agency records. Standardized service-related costs were derived and aggregated across multiple domains from agency-reported data. Housing status was not found to be significantly associated with costs. Although labor intensive, this approach to cost estimation allows costs to be accurately compared across domains. These methods could potentially be applied to other populations. PMID:24462220

Fuehrlein, Brian S; Cowell, Alexander J; Pollio, David E; Cupps, Lori Y; Balfour, Margaret E; North, Carol S

2014-04-01

469

Factors associated with geriatric syndromes in older homeless adults.  

PubMed

Although older homeless adults have high rates of geriatric syndromes, risk factors for these syndromes are not known. We used multivariable regression models to estimate the association of subject characteristics with the total number of geriatric syndromes in 250 homeless adults aged 50 years and older. Geriatric syndromes included falls, cognitive impairment, frailty, major depression, sensory impairment, and urinary incontinence. A higher total number of geriatric syndromes was associated with having less than a high school education, medical comorbidities (diabetes and arthritis), alcohol and drug use problems, and difficulty performing one or more activities of daily living. Clinicians who care for older homeless patients with these characteristics should consider screening them for geriatric syndromes. Moreover, this study identifies potentially modifiable risk factors associated with the total number of geriatric syndromes in older homeless adults. This knowledge may provide targets for clinical interventions to improve the health of older homeless patients. PMID:23728022

Brown, Rebecca T; Kiely, Dan K; Bharel, Monica; Mitchell, Susan L

2013-05-01

470

Factors Associated with Geriatric Syndromes in Older Homeless Adults  

PubMed Central

Although older homeless adults have high rates of geriatric syndromes, risk factors for these syndromes are not known. We used multivariable regression to estimate the association of subject characteristics with the total number of geriatric syndromes in 250 homeless adults aged 50 years and older. Geriatric syndromes included falls, cognitive impairment, frailty, major depression, sensory impairment, and urinary incontinence. A higher total number of geriatric syndromes was associated with having less than a high school education, medical comorbidities (diabetes and arthritis), alcohol and drug use problems, and difficulty performing one or more ADLs. Clinicians who care for older homeless patients with these characteristics should consider screening them for geriatric syndromes. Moreover, this study identifies potentially modifiable risk factors associated with the total number of geriatric syndromes in older homeless adults. This knowledge may provide targets for clinical interventions to improve the health of older homeless patients.

Brown, Rebecca T.; Kiely, Dan K.; Bharel, Monica; Mitchell, Susan L.

2013-01-01

471

HUD's Homeless Assistance Programs: A Guide to Counting Unsheltered Homeless People.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Many communities have long understood the need to count, describe, and understand the homeless people who do not use shelters and are typically found on the streets, in abandoned buildings, or in other places not meant for human habitation. Unsheltered ho...

2004-01-01

472

An Analysis of Homeless Veterans Participating in the Homeless Veteran Reintegration Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to conduct an analysis on ex post facto data of the federal grant supported Homeless Veterans Reintegration Program (HVRP) administered at Goodwill Industries of Lower South Carolina. Pre-existing data on variables such as performance goals, training activities, support services, and demographics from program years…

Campbell, Katrina Lanelle

2010-01-01

473

Maximizing Credit Accrual and Recovery for Homeless Students. Best Practices in Homeless Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Middle and high school students experiencing homelessness often face challenges in accruing credits. Class offerings, methods of calculating credits, and graduation requirements can vary greatly among school districts. Students who change schools late in high school can find themselves suddenly in danger of not graduating due to differing class…

National Center for Homeless Education at SERVE, 2010

2010-01-01

474

Personal Resources and Homelessness in Early Life: Predictors of Depression in Consumers of Homeless Multiservice Centers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the relationship between personal resources and previous adverse life events such as homelessness and depression. Participants were recruited from two church sponsored multisite social service centers in Anne Arundel County, Maryland. The interview included demographics and several standardized scales to assess history of…

DeForge, Bruce R.; Belcher, John R.; O'Rourke, Michael; Lindsey, Michael A.

2008-01-01

475

Family Dynamics, Housing, and Recurring Homelessness Among Women in New York City Homeless Shelters  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study looks at two sets of women who stayed in New York City homeless shelters in 1992—one set as part of a family and the other set as individuals—and at factors associated with an increased risk of their experiencing repeat shelter stays. Descriptive statistics and event history analysis indicate that regardless of whether the women stay in shelters with

STEPHEN METRAUX; DENNIS P. CULHANE

1999-01-01

476

24 CFR 585.310 - Project-related restrictions applicable to Youthbuild transitional housing for the homeless.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Youthbuild transitional housing for the homeless. 585.310 Section 585.310 ...Youthbuild transitional housing for the homeless. Where the award of a Youthbuild...title IV of the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act). (2) The...

2013-04-01

477

32 CFR 174.8 - Screening for properties covered by the Base Closure Community Redevelopment and Homeless...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Base Closure Community Redevelopment and Homeless Assistance Act of 1994, cross-reference...Base Closure Community Redevelopment and Homeless Assistance Act of 1994, cross-reference...Base Closure Community Redevelopment and Homeless Assistance Act of 1994 (Pub. L....

2013-07-01

478

41 CFR 102-75.1210 - What action must be taken on properties determined unsuitable for homeless assistance?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...on properties determined unsuitable for homeless assistance? 102-75.1210 Section...of Federal Real Property to Assist the Homeless Unsuitable Properties § 102-75...on properties determined unsuitable for homeless assistance? The landholding...

2013-07-01

479

Are independent mobility and territorial range associated with park visitation among youth?  

PubMed Central

Background Parks are important for providing opportunities for physical activity among youth. Apart from engaging in physical activity whilst visiting a park, active transportation (e.g. walking or cycling) to parks is potentially an additional source of physical activity. Previous research has shown that a major barrier to young people visiting parks is their inability to visit parks unaccompanied by an adult. It is not known; however, whether young people who have greater independent mobility and territorial range (ability to move around their neighbourhood alone or with friends, unaccompanied by an adult) are more likely to visit parks. This study examined park visitation and travel mode to parks and whether independent mobility and territorial range were associated with park visitation among youth living in disadvantaged areas of Victoria, Australia. Methods In 2010–11, 311 youth aged 8–16 years self-reported their park use, active transport, independent mobility to parks, and territorial range. Logistic regression models determined the odds of park visitation (once per week or more) according to independent mobility and territorial range, adjusting for key covariates. Results Overall, 75% of participants reported visiting parks, and 37% visited their ‘usual’ park at least once per week. Of those who reported visiting parks, 87% travelled to the park they usually visited using active transport: 57% walked, 22% cycled, and 8% used a scooter/skateboard. Just 15% and 13% of youth regularly walked or cycled alone to parks/playgrounds respectively, and 25% and 19% regularly walked or cycled with friends or siblings (no adults) respectively. For the 84% who reported having parks/playgrounds within walking distance from home, those who regularly walked alone to parks (OR 3.61; CI=1.67, 7.80), and regularly walked (OR 2.27; CI=1.14, 4.55) or cycled (OR 3.38; CI=1.73, 6.62) with friends to parks, were significantly more likely to visit a park at least once per week, compared to others. Conclusions This study showed that active transport is frequently used by this sample of young people to travel to parks. Findings also highlight the potential importance of providing opportunities for youth aged 8–16 years to visit local parks independent of an adult.

2014-01-01

480

Arthropod-borne diseases in homeless.  

PubMed

Homeless people are particularly exposed to ectoparasite. The living conditions and the crowded shelters provide ideal conditions for the spread of lice, fleas, ticks, and mites. Body lice have long been recognized as human parasites and although typically prevalent in rural communities in upland areas of countries close to the equator, it is now increasingly encountered in developed countries especially in homeless people or inner city economically deprived population. Fleas are widespread but are not adapted to a specific host and may occasionally bite humans. Most common fleas that parasite humans are the cat, the rat, and the human fleas, Ctenocephalides felis, Xenopsylla cheopis, and Pulex irritans, respectively. Ticks belonging to the family Ixodidae, in particular, the genera Dermacentor, Rhipicephalus, and Ixodes, are frequent parasites in humans. Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis is a mite (Arachnida class) responsible for scabies. It is an obligate parasite of human skin. The hematophagic-biting mite, Liponyssoides sanguineus, is a mite of the rat, mouse, and other domestic rodents but can also bite humans. Finally, the incidence of skin disease secondary to infestation with the human bedbug, Cimex lectularius, has increased recently. Bacteria, such as Wolbacchia spp. have been detected in bedbug. The threat posed by the ectoparasite in homeless is not the ectoparasite themselves but the associated infectious diseases that they may transmit to humans. Except for scabies all these ectoparasites are potential vectors for infectious agents. Three louse-borne diseases are known at this time. Trench fever caused by Bartonella quintana (B. quintana), epidemic typhus caused by Rickettsia prowazekii, and relapsing fever caused by the spirochete Borrelia recurrentis. Fleas transmit plague (Xenopsylla cheopis and Pulex irritans), murine typhus (Xenopsylla cheopis), flea-borne spotted rickettsiosis on account of the recently described species Rickettsia felis (C. felis), and occasionally cat scratch disease on account of Bartonella henselae (C. felis). The role of fleas as potential vector of B. quintana has recently been suggested. Among the hematophagic-biting mites, L. sanguineus, is responsible for the transmission of Rickettsia akari, the etiologic agent of rickettsialpox. Virtually, no data are available on tick-borne disease in this population. This article will deal with epidemiology, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of these ectoparasite and the infectious diseases they transmit to the homeless people. PMID:17114713

Brouqui, Philippe; Raoult, Didier

2006-10-01

481

Homelessness and Children's Use of Mental Health Services: A Population-Based Study  

PubMed Central

This study examined whether children who become homeless differ from other low-income children in their mental health service use before and after their first homeless episode, and to what extent homelessness is associated with an increased likelihood of mental health service use. Differences between children with and without new onset of sheltered homelessness in the use of mental health services emerged following homelessness and widened over time. Sheltered homelessness and foster care placement history were associated with increased odds of receiving inpatient and ambulatory mental health services. Findings underscore the importance of collaborations between homeless assistance, foster care, and mental healthcare in efforts to mitigate family homelessness and collateral needs among homeless children.

Metraux, Stephen; Culhane, Dennis P.; Mandell, David S.

2011-01-01

482

Sexual health, vulnerabilities and risk behaviours among homeless adults.  

PubMed

It is well known that homeless individuals are at risk for a variety of health problems, including sexually transmissible infections. Optimisation of health services for the homeless requires knowledge of their sexual health. The sexual health and sexual vulnerability factors of 500 homeless adults (196 women) were assessed in a cross-sectional survey in three Canadian cities. Our data indicate that a significant proportion of individuals and more women than men reported multiple experiences that compromise their sexual health exponentially. These findings may inform health policies related to sexuality to foster positive sexual health outcomes for all people, including marginalised populations. PMID:24670303

Strehlau, Verena; Torchalla, Iris; Linden, Isabelle; Li, Kathy; Krausz, Michael

2014-03-01

483

Injection drug use among homeless adults with severe mental illness.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: This study examined injection drug use among homeless men and women with severe mental illness in two sites. METHODS: The data were drawn from related clinical trials conducted in Baltimore (101 men, 49 women) and Boston (85 men, 33 women). RESULTS: The percentages of homeless men with a history of injection drug use were 26% in Baltimore and 16% in Boston; the corresponding rates among homeless women were 8% and 6%. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, these and previous results suggest high lifetime prevalences of injection drug use-and associated risks of HIV transmission-in this elusive population.

Susser, E; Betne, P; Valencia, E; Goldfinger, S M; Lehman, A F

1997-01-01

484

Missing, Exploited and Runaway Youth: Strengthening the System. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Select Education of the Committee on Education and the Workforce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Eighth Congress, First Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These hearings transcripts compile testimony regarding how programs authorized by the Runaway and Homeless Youth Act and the Missing Children's Assistance Act currently operate, in preparation for upcoming reauthorization. Opening statements by U.S. Representatives Peter Hoekstra (Michigan) and Ruben Hinojosa (Texas) underscore the obligation to…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and the Workforce.

485

Determinants of undernutrition among homeless adults.  

PubMed Central

Factors associated with undernutrition were investigated in a broad community-based sample of 457 homeless adults (344 men and 113 women) who were interviewed and examined in a variety of settings during the summer of 1985. Latent variables representing drug use, alcohol use, a stereotyped homeless appearance, mental illness, poor physical health status, and measured variables of age, sex, income, and number of free food sources were used as predictors of undernutrition. Undernutrition was indicated with three anthropometric measures (weight, triceps skinfold, and upper arm muscle area in the lowest 15th percentile) and one observational measure. Thirty-three percent of the sample was undernourished as defined by at least one of the anthropometric measures. Undernutrition was significantly associated with more drug use, fewer free food sources, less income, and male sex. The findings identify persons at risk for undernutrition and suggest programs to alleviate their hunger, including increased funding for food stamps and other income supports, more free food sources such as shelters and souplines, and drug treatment programs.

Gelberg, L; Stein, J A; Neumann, C G

1995-01-01

486

Hearing the silent voices: narratives of health care and homelessness.  

PubMed

Most homeless individuals lack adequate health care. With existing literature as a backdrop, this study sought to understand the experience of homeless persons in the health care system. Using a phenomenological approach, 11 homeless participants were interviewed and the transcripts from these interviews were analyzed for meaning. The health care experiences of the participants could be understood only when viewed within the context of homelessness. The four polar themes that emerged from the analysis--same/different, fair/unfair, freedom/barriers, and choice/no choice--highlighted the great divide between the health care experiences of those with a home and those without. Such understanding can help mental health nurses provide more appropriate care to this population. PMID:23663023

Wise, Caitlin; Phillips, Kenneth

2013-05-01

487

Strengthening Homeless Families: A Coalition-Building Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this coalition-building guide is to assist shelters and community-based agencies to plan, develop, and implement collaborative services designed to strengthen homeless families and create systemic change within the community. The Guide is i...

1997-01-01

488

Marginal Arrangements: Homelessness, Mental Illness, and Social Relations. Executive Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A multi-method, ethnographically-centered approach was used to understand how homeless individuals whom service providers label mentally ill collude in their own management and surmount their marginality. Field observations from five nontraditional progra...

A. M. Lovell

1994-01-01

489

[Studies of psychopathology of homeless individuals in European countries].  

PubMed

Most research on the homeless is coming from the US, where the prevalence of mental disorders concerning this population was pointed out. The surveys for the homeless in European countries focus on the mental state and community care of the homeless very early, since the 1980's. Homelessness is gradually developing in these countries, while in the countries of North America the phenomenon is much older. The prevalence of mental disorders in European countries is higher in the homeless population, with rates of 58% -100% compared with the general population. In countries like Germany, Spain, Holland, France, Switzerland, where the phenomenon of homelessness has been studied, one of the most striking features was the high prevalence of substance abuse disorders, emotional disorders, while small percentages were reported for psychotic disorders. The prevalence of alcohol abuse was very high in Germany, perhaps because it is easily accessible and less expensive than in other countries. Limited use by homeless of relevant health services was also very common in this country. The same observation was also recorded in Spain, France and the Netherlands. High rates in these countries was reported for comorbidity, most often concerning the combination of substance abuse disorder and emotional disorders. Another interesting finding in the European countries is the high prevalence of depressive and anxiety disorders and the low prevalence of schizophrenia and antisocial personality disorder. The low prevalence of schizophrenia and antisocial personality disorder is in contrast with studies from North America according to some authors who compared their samples with samples of homeless people in Los Angeles. The level of abuse of illegal substances was also found high in countries such as England. In Spain affective disorders was reported to be very high among the homeless population. The homeless population faces many complex mental health problems compared with those of the general population. What is a source of concern is that these problems are not adequately faced either by mental health services and rehabilitation programs, or the social services for the homeless. It is recommended that these services have to achieve integration in therapeutic and organizational level, in order to better meet the needs of this complex and heterogeneous population. PMID:23399755

Chondraki, P; Madianos, M; Papadimitriou, G N

2012-01-01

490

Collaborative Initiative to Help End Chronic Homelessness: Introduction  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Collaborative Initiative to Help End Chronic Homelessness was a coordinated effort by the US Departments of Health and\\u000a Human Services (HHS), Housing and Urban Development (HUD), and Veterans Affairs (VA), and the US Interagency Council on Homelessness\\u000a to house and provide comprehensive supportive services to individuals with serious psychiatric, substance use, health, and\\u000a related disabilities who were experiencing long-term

Lawrence D. Rickards; Sarah A. McGraw; Lynnette Araki; Roger J. Casey; Cynthia W. High; Mary Ellen Hombs; Robyn S. Raysor

2010-01-01

491

Stand Down 95. Nutrition Intervention for Homeless Veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

LEARNING OUTCOME: The participant will be able to plan and implement a nutrition intervention\\/assessment for home-less veterans at a Stand Down event after attending this presentation.In September 1995, the first nutrition intervention was provided at The Houston Stand Down for Homeless Veterans. This was the second year for the event in Houston and gave dietitians and students an opportunity to

J. B. Martin

1996-01-01

492

Closing a Front Door to Homelessness among Veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has been identified as a mainstream institution to help prevent homelessness\\u000a among America’s veterans. The large numbers of incarcerated veterans with serious mental illnesses and substance abuse disorders\\u000a who are at risk for homelessness support the need for expanded VA outreach to this population. Since 2002, the VA has contacted\\u000a almost 6,500 veterans

James McGuire

2007-01-01

493

Empowering Youth  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Gulf of Maine Institute (GOMI) is striving to empoweryouth to take on stewardship roles in their communities.Through its Community Based Initiative (CBI) program,GOMI addresses environmental degradation by workingwith teams of students, teachers, and community membersfrom around the Gulf of Maine to inspire youth tobe stewards of the gulf and its watershed. In preparingyoung enthusiastic leaders who will take on these stewardshiproles in their communities, GOMI provides solidtraining in environmental sciences and civic engagement.As a result, students become more environmentally awareand actively contribute to environmental initiatives intheir hometowns. This bioregional approach helps participantsfrom urban, suburban, and rural communitiesin Canada and the United States relate to one another asthey learn about the interconnectedness of their watershedand their dependence on its continued health.

Miner, Jennifer; Elshof, Leo

2007-04-01

494

Risk factors for ED use among homeless veterans.  

PubMed

Despite national concern about homeless veterans, there has been little examination of their use of emergency department (ED) services. This study examines factors related to the use of ED services in the Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare system, where insurance is not a barrier to ambulatory healthcare. National VA administrative data from fiscal year 2010 are used to describe the proportions of ED users among homeless and domiciled VA patients. A case-control design is then used to compare homeless ED and non-ED users on sociodemographic and clinical correlates, as well as use of ambulatory care and psychotropic medications. Sixteen percent of domiciled VA patients used EDs at least once during the year and 1% were frequent ED users (>4 ED visits) compared to 45% of homeless VA patients, 10% who were frequent ED users. Among homeless VA patients, those who used EDs were more likely to have a range of psychiatric and medical conditions, and had more service visits and psychotropic medication prescriptions than non-ED users. Multivariate analyses suggest their risk for psychiatric and medical conditions increase their likelihood of using ED services. The high rate of ED use among homeless veterans is associated with significant morbidity, but also greater use of ambulatory care and psychotropics suggesting their ED use may reflect unmet psychosocial needs. PMID:23566404

Tsai, Jack; Rosenheck, Robert A

2013-05-01

495

Factors Associated with Receipt of Pension and Compensation Benefits for Homeless Veterans in the VBA\\/VHA Homeless Outreach Initiative  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public support payments may facilitate exit from homelessness for persons with mental illness. We examined data from 10,641\\u000a homeless veterans contacted from October 1, 1995 to September 30, 2002 in a collaborative outreach program designed to facilitate\\u000a access to Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) disability benefits. Those who were awarded benefits (22% of contacted veterans)\\u000a were more likely to report

Joyce H. Chen; Robert A. Rosenheck; Greg A. Greenberg; Catherine Seibyl

2007-01-01

496

Issues and Strategies Involved in Helping Homeless Parents of Young Children Strengthen Their Self-Esteem  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homeless parents of young children face many stressors that erode their self-esteem. This article articulates these stressors and how they negatively impact homeless parents and their children. Strategies for helping parents empower themselves and their children are explained.

Swick, Kevin J.

2009-01-01

497

77 FR 45367 - Continuum of Care Homeless Assistance Grant Application; Continuum of Care Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...application which collects data about the CoC's strategic planning activities, performance, homeless populations...application which collects data about the CoC's strategic planning activities, performance, homeless...

2012-07-31

498

A Population-Based Inquiry of Homeless Episode Characteristics and Early Educational Well-Being  

PubMed Central

Child homelessness and educational well-being is an area of national research that requires more precise investigation to address mixed findings. The aim of this study was to extend the investigation of the relations between homelessness and educational well-being by determining if timing and frequency of homeless episodes are differentially associated with children’s academic and classroom engagement outcomes. This investigation used a comprehensive research model to study the effects of these homeless episode characteristics within a large urban student cohort. Additionally, this study accounted for co-occurring early risk factors. Findings indicated that having a first homeless episode in early childhood was associated with non-proficiency in mathematics and academic engagement problems. Also more frequent homeless episodes were related to truancy in third grade. These results stress the importance of early intervention for homeless children and underscore the need to further understand the variation in young children’s homeless experiences.

Fantuzzo, John; LeBoeuf, Whitney; Brumley, Benjamin; Perlman, Staci

2013-01-01

499

Predicting Staying In or Leaving Permanent Supportive Housing That Serves Homeless People with Serious Mental Illness.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Permanent Housing component of the Supportive Housing Program, the Department's principal program to meet the needs of homeless people with disabilities, was established to offer homeless people with disabilities, including mental illness, an assuranc...

Y. I. Wong T. R. Hadley D. P. Culhane S. R. Poulin M. R. Davis

2006-01-01

500

77 FR 26027 - Privacy Act: Notification of a New Privacy Act System of Records, Veterans Homelessness...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Homelessness Prevention Demonstration Evaluation Data Files System AGENCY: Office of the Chief Information Officer...Homelessness Prevention Demonstration Evaluation Data Files (VHPD Data Files) system. The VHPD Data Files system will...

2012-05-02