Note: This page contains sample records for the topic unaccompanied homeless youth from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of Science.gov
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.
Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

Immigration and Schools: Supporting Success for Undocumented Unaccompanied Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Attending school and securing lawful status in the United States are two keys to safety and security for undocumented unaccompanied homeless youth. This brief is designed to provide young people, immigration attorneys and advocates, McKinney-Vento liaisons and educators with basic information to help them access these keys. After describing some…

National Association for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth, 2010

2010-01-01

2

Immigration and Schools: Supporting Success for Undocumented Unaccompanied Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attending school and securing lawful status in the United States are two keys to safety and security for undocumented unaccompanied homeless youth. This brief is designed to provide young people, immigration attorneys and advocates, McKinney-Vento liaisons and educators with basic information to help them access these keys. After describing some…

National Association for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth, 2010

2010-01-01

3

Unaccompanied Homeless Youth: Intersections of Homelessness, School Experiences and Educational Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|School districts are faced with the challenge of how best to serve the needs of a growing homeless student population. As the numbers of homeless children and youth continue to rise, it is imperative for educators and others to understand the experiences of unaccompanied homeless youth. A qualitative research project was undertaken to obtain the…

Aviles de Bradley, Ann M.

2011-01-01

4

Income Tax and the FAFSA for Unaccompanied Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This two-page brief answers various questions about the relationship between the filing of tax returns and a youth's completion of the FAFSA. Questions answered include: How does a youth's decision to file a tax return affect the FAFSA?; Are youth required to file tax returns?; and What should an unaccompanied youth do if his/her parents claim…

National Association for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth, 2009

2009-01-01

5

Immediate Enrollment under McKinney-Vento: How Schools Can Keep Homeless Students Safe. Best Practices in Homeless Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children and youth in homeless situations, particularly unaccompanied youth and survivors of domestic violence, are at a high risk for experiencing violence and victimization. Frequently, unaccompanied youth become homeless after leaving abusive or destructive home environments. In turn, their homelessness, which often involves "couch surfing"…

National Center for Homeless Education at SERVE, 2007

2007-01-01

6

Immediate Enrollment under McKinney-Vento: How Local Liaisons Can Keep Homeless Students Safe. Best Practices in Homeless Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children and youth in homeless situations, particularly unaccompanied youth and survivors of domestic violence, are at a high risk for experiencing violence and victimization. Frequently, unaccompanied youth become homeless after leaving abusive or destructive home environments. In turn, their homelessness, which often involves "couch surfing" or…

National Center for Homeless Education at SERVE, 2007

2007-01-01

7

Health Issues of Homeless Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of what is currently known about the health issues of homeless youth, focusing on risk-taking behaviors, health status, and access to care. The paper addresses the health issues of homeless youth in the U.S. within an international context. Existing data suggest that homeless adolescents exhibit high rates of risk-taking behaviors,

Jo Ensign

1998-01-01

8

Homeless Youth: A Concept Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction. A variety of terms have been used to describe the homeless youth population. Purpose. The purpose of this article is to analyze the conceptual meanings of the term homeless youths by examining the evolution of the concept and its related terms in the current literature. Method. Online databases from 1990–2010 were analyzed using the Rodgers evolutionary approach. Results. The

Philisie Starling Washington

2011-01-01

9

Living the Research: Stories from Homeless Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is an alarming trend in homelessness: children aged 17 and younger are the most rapidly growing group of the homeless; families continue to be a growing group of the homeless; and many people who are homeless were raised or have lived in the suburbs. Homelessness is no longer an inner-city phenomenon. Three homeless youth were interviewed…

Norum, Karen E.

10

Homeless Youths and HIV Infection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Risk of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection exacerbates the already difficult lives of 1.5 million homeless adolescents in the United States. Homeless youths engage in sexual and substance-abuse behaviors that place them at increased risk of contracting HIV, and they demonstrate other problem behaviors that reduce their coping responses. Model HIV prevention programs and interventions for HIV-positive youths, implemented for

Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus; Cheryl Koopman; Anke A. Ehrhardt

1991-01-01

11

Youth Homelessness 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The third national census of homeless school students, conducted in 2006, found that the number of homeless students had decreased since 2001. There were 9,389 homeless students in 2006 compared with 12,227 in 2001. Three groups were over-represented in the homeless population: Indigenous students, young people from single parent and blended…

MacKenzie, David; Chamberlain, Chris

2008-01-01

12

Service Utilization Patterns of Homeless Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few studies exist on the types of characteristics associated with service utilization (e.g., shelters, food programs) among homeless youth in the U.S. Services are important, however, because without food and shelter, numerous homeless youth resort to trading sex in order to meet their daily survival needs. Access to physical and mental health services gives homeless youth more of an opportunity

Sarah L Akinyemi

2010-01-01

13

Predictors of Homelessness Among Street Living Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

While few studies have identified predictors of exiting homelessness among adults, even fewer studies have attempted to identify\\u000a these predictors among homeless youth. The current study explored predictors of change in homelessness among 180 homeless\\u000a youth between the ages of 14 and 22, recruited through an urban drop-in center. All youth were assessed at baseline, 3 and\\u000a 6 months. The sample

Natasha Slesnick; Suzanne Bartle-Haring; Pushpanjali Dashora; Min Ju Kang; Erin Aukward

2008-01-01

14

Comments of Kathi Sheffel Homeless Liaison, Fairfax County Public Schools Submitted to the U.S. Interagency Council on Homelessness Federal Strategic Plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

1. Strategies for preventing and ending youth homelessness Identifying and providing support for unaccompanied homeless youth requires a comprehensive strategy that examines and addresses: 1) how youth become homeless and on their own; 2) the unique basic and educational needs that they have; and 3) how to build a continuum of services to meet those needs so youth can sustain

Youth Workgroup

15

Successful Adaptation among Sudanese Unaccompanied Minors: Perspectives of Youth and Foster Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study explores the adaptation of unaccompanied Sudanese refugee minors resettled in the US. Seven years after resettlement, in-depth interviews were conducted with 19 Sudanese youths and 20 foster parents regarding factors that contributed to successful adaptation. The youths emphasized personal agency and staying focused on getting an…

Luster, Tom; Qin, Desiree; Bates, Laura; Rana, Meenal; Lee, Jung Ah

2010-01-01

16

An Ecological Systems Comparison Between Homeless Sexual Minority Youths and Homeless Heterosexual Youths  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined risk and protective outcomes by comparing homeless sexual minority youths to heterosexual homeless youths regarding family, peer behaviors, school, mental health, stigma, discrimination, substance use, and sexual risk behaviors. Structured interviews (N = 147) were conducted with individuals aged 16 to 24 years old in Toronto. Bivariate analyses indicated statistically significant differences between homeless sexual minorities (n

Maurice N. Gattis

2012-01-01

17

Comparisons of Prevention Programs for Homeless Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are six HIV prevention programs for homeless youth whose efficacy has been or is currently being evaluated: STRIVE,\\u000a the Community Reinforcement Approach, Strengths-Based Case Management, Ecologically-Based Family Therapy, Street Smart, and\\u000a AESOP (street outreach access to resources). Programs vary in their underlying framework and theoretical models for understanding\\u000a homelessness. All programs presume that the youths’ families lack the ability

Elizabeth Mayfield Arnold; Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus

2009-01-01

18

An Ecological Systems Comparison Between Homeless Sexual Minority Youths and Homeless Heterosexual Youths.  

PubMed

This study examined risk and protective outcomes by comparing homeless sexual minority youths to heterosexual homeless youths regarding family, peer behaviors, school, mental health (suicide risk and depression), stigma, discrimination, substance use, and sexual risk behaviors. Structured interviews (N = 147) were conducted with individuals ages 16-24 at three drop-in programs serving homeless youths in Toronto. Bivariate analyses indicated statistically significant differences between homeless sexual minorities (n=66) and their heterosexual counterparts (n=81) regarding all variables: family, peer behaviors, stigma, discrimination, mental health, substance use and sexual risk behaviors with the exception of school belonging. Specifically, homeless sexual minority youths fared more poorly (e.g. lower satisfaction with family communication, experienced more stigma, used more drugs and alcohol) than their heterosexual counterparts. Improving family communication may be a worthwhile intervention if the youths are still in contact with their families. Future research should focus on victimization in the context of multiple systems. PMID:23687399

Gattis, Maurice N

2013-01-01

19

Moral Judgment and Delinquency in Homeless Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates the impact of an individual's life condition on the relationship between moral judgment and behavior, specifically delinquent behavior. Samples two groups: homeless youth and institutionalized youth. Concludes that delinquent behavior is caused by different factors in each of these groups, but both stem from the nature of their social…

Tavecchio, L. W. C.; Stams, G. J. J. M.; Brugman, D.; Thomeer-Bouwens, M. A. E.

1999-01-01

20

Correlates of service utilization among homeless youth  

PubMed Central

Though few studies exist on service utilization among homeless youth in the U.S., services are important because without them, many of these young people may resort to delinquent strategies in order to meet their daily survival needs. The current study examines frequency and correlates of service utilization (i.e., shelters, food programs, street outreach, counseling, STI and HIV testing) among a sample of 249 homeless youth ages 14 to 21. Multivariate analysis revealed significant differences in service usage by sex, age, and sexual orientation. Experiencing family physical and/or sexual abuse, being kicked out of the family home, spending more nights per week sleeping on the street, and having ever stayed in a group home facility were significant correlates of homeless youths’ service usage.

Tyler, Kimberly A.; Akinyemi, Sarah L.; Kort-Butler, Lisa A.

2013-01-01

21

Psychosocial Problems Associated With Homelessness in Sexual Minority Youths  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sexual minorities are overrepresented among homeless youths, and this is often related to reactions to their status as sexual minorities. While on the streets, they are at increased risk for victimization, substance and alcohol use, sexual risk behaviors, and mental health issues compared to homeless heterosexual youths. This article uses ecological systems theory to examine psychosocial problems associated with homelessness

Maurice N. Gattis

2009-01-01

22

Correlates of service utilization among homeless youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Though few studies exist on service utilization among homeless youth in the U.S., services are important because without them, many of these young people may resort to delinquent strategies in order to meet their daily survival needs. The current study examines frequency and correlates of service utilization (i.e., shelters, food programs, street outreach, counseling, STI and HIV testing) among a

Kimberly A. Tyler; Sarah L. Akinyemi; Lisa A. Kort-Butler

2012-01-01

23

Maltreatment among runaway and homeless youth.  

PubMed

A sample of 223 adolescents who sought services from runaway and homeless youth programs in New York State during 1986-1987 was identified as having a history of maltreatment. A demographic profile is presented and the nature of their maltreatment described. The majority of these youth were female and between 15-16 years of age. Less than 25% came from intact families and one-third were born to single mothers. Of the sample, 60% had allegedly experienced physical abuse, 42% emotional abuse, 48% neglect, and 21% sexual abuse. Over one-third were "pushed out" of their homes by their families. Biological mothers were the most frequently cited perpetrators of maltreatment (63%), followed by biological fathers (45%). The sample of maltreated runaways is compared to both statewide and national samples of runaway and homeless youth with regard to their demographic characteristics and the problems they present to staff at intake (e.g., depression, substance abuse, etc.). Youth in the maltreated sample were more likely to be female and were more likely to have engaged in suicidal behavior. Otherwise, the maltreated runaways were not readily distinguished from the runaway and homeless youth population at large. PMID:2310977

Powers, J L; Eckenrode, J; Jaklitsch, B

1990-01-01

24

Nowhere to Run: HIV Prevention for Runaway and Homeless Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This volume is a guide to providing effective Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and substance abuse prevention services to runaway and homeless youth. The guide is based on current research and the best programs in this field. Chapters 1 and 2 summarize what is known about runaway and homeless youth, the services these youth require if they are…

Posner, Marc

25

Risk Factors for Homelessness Among Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Youths: A Developmental Milestone Approach.  

PubMed

Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youths are over-represented in the homeless population. To examine why some LGB youths become homeless, this report compares homeless and non-homeless LGB youths. Of the 156 LGB youths, 48% reported ever being homeless (i.e., running away or being evicted from home). Results indicate that sexual orientation awareness and the initiation of sexual behavior occurred earlier in homeless than in non-homeless LGB youths and predated the first homeless episode. Substance use was more frequent and first occurred at an earlier age in homeless as compared to non-homeless LGB youths; however, substance use occurred subsequent to first homelessness. Childhood sexual abuse was associated with homelessness; and, early sexual orientation development was related to homelessness among youths without a history of sexual abuse. Findings suggest that interventions should help youths cope with their unfolding sexual orientation and work to prevent or address the consequences of sexual abuse. PMID:22347763

Rosario, Margaret; Schrimshaw, Eric W; Hunter, Joyce

2012-01-01

26

Gang Involvement and Membership among Homeless and Runaway Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessed the extent of gang involvement among homeless and runaway youth, comparing gang members, gang-involved youth (not members), and non-gang youth on several dimensions. Interview data indicated that 15.4 percent of the youth were gang members and 32.2 percent were involved in gangs. These youth reported more family problems and school…

Yoder, Kevin A.; Whitbeck, Les B.; Hoyt, Dan R.

2003-01-01

27

Gang Involvement and Membership among Homeless and Runaway Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Assessed the extent of gang involvement among homeless and runaway youth, comparing gang members, gang-involved youth (not members), and non-gang youth on several dimensions. Interview data indicated that 15.4 percent of the youth were gang members and 32.2 percent were involved in gangs. These youth reported more family problems and school…

Yoder, Kevin A.; Whitbeck, Les B.; Hoyt, Dan R.

2003-01-01

28

A health-profile comparison of delinquent and homeless youths.  

PubMed

Little is known about the health status and health care needs of homeless and delinquent youths. This study provides medical data (medical history and physical examination) on samples of delinquent (n = 245) and homeless (n = 160) youths in San Francisco, CA. Although homeless youths had somewhat more medical problems than did delinquent youths, both groups had a multiplicity of medical problems, many of which were worse than among the general adolescent population. A substantial percentage of both samples did not have adequate health care coverage. Medical services to high-risk youths should be improved by providing street outreach, public health clinics, and multiservice centers for adolescents. PMID:8260572

Forst, M L; Harry, J; Goddard, P A

1993-01-01

29

45 CFR 1351.18 - What criteria has HHS established for deciding which Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...HHS established for deciding which Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant applications to fund...FAMILY AND YOUTH SERVICES BUREAU RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH PROGRAM Runaway and Homeless Youth Program Grant § 1351.18 What...

2009-10-01

30

45 CFR 1351.10 - What is the purpose of the Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false What is the purpose of the Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant? 1351.10 Section...FAMILY AND YOUTH SERVICES BUREAU RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH PROGRAM Runaway and Homeless Youth Program Grant § 1351.10 What...

2009-10-01

31

45 CFR 1351.18 - What criteria has HHS established for deciding which Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...HHS established for deciding which Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant applications to fund...FAMILY AND YOUTH SERVICES BUREAU RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH PROGRAM Runaway and Homeless Youth Program Grant § 1351.18 What...

2010-10-01

32

45 CFR 1351.20 - What are the additional requirements under a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...additional requirements under a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant? 1351.20 Section...AND YOUTH SERVICES BUREAU RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH PROGRAM Additional Requirements...additional requirements under a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant? (a) To...

2009-10-01

33

45 CFR 1351.10 - What is the purpose of the Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false What is the purpose of the Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant? 1351.10 Section...FAMILY AND YOUTH SERVICES BUREAU RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH PROGRAM Runaway and Homeless Youth Program Grant § 1351.10 What...

2010-10-01

34

45 CFR 1351.12 - Who gets priority for the award of a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...gets priority for the award of a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant? 1351.12 Section...FAMILY AND YOUTH SERVICES BUREAU RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH PROGRAM Runaway and Homeless Youth Program Grant § 1351.12 Who...

2009-10-01

35

Follow-Up of Youth Using Runaway and Homeless Youth Centers. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There is an increasing body of literature about runaway and homeless youth, but few studies have investigated what happens to the youth after they use Runaway and Homeless Youth Centers (RHYCs). This study examines the services available and the impact these services have on the youth. Data are analyzed from a survey mailed to all RHYCs operated…

Cohen, Barbara E.; van Houten, Therese

36

Social Networks of Homeless Youth in Emerging Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Little is known about the social networks of homeless youth in emerging adulthood despite the importance of this information for interventions to reduce health risks. This study examined the composition of social networks, and the risks and supports present within them, in a random sample of 349 homeless youth (33.4% female, 23.9% African…

Wenzel, Suzanne; Holloway, Ian; Golinelli, Daniela; Ewing, Brett; Bowman, Richard; Tucker, Joan

2012-01-01

37

Substance Use and Health and Safety among Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines how substance use is associated with the health and safety of homeless youth using cross-sectional, self-report data from 285 homeless adolescents. Path models were used to examine concurrent relationships between youth's substance use and multiple aspects of their health and safety, including measures of psychological…

Rhule-Louie, Dana M.; Bowen, Sarah; Baer, John S.; Peterson, Peggy L.

2008-01-01

38

Homeless Children and Youth in Utah. 1992 Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study was done of the numbers and educational status of homeless children in the state of Utah in 1992. A survey was conducted using data provided by 31 shelters statewide and included children and youth who were provided shelter at any time during the year. The total count included 4,424 homeless children and youth in 1992. The largest…

Utah State Office of Education, Salt Lake City.

39

Characteristics of Homeless Youth Attending Two Different Youth Drop-In Centers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Services for homeless youth traditionally provided shelter and nourishment but do little to break the cycle of homelessness. A more comprehensive approach to serve homeless youth is the drop-in center model that provides safe and easy-to-find facilities within communities to bridge the gap between the streets and transitional/permanent housing.…

Shillington, A. M.; Bousman, C. A.; Clapp, J. D.

2011-01-01

40

Quality of Health Care: The Views of Homeless Youth  

PubMed Central

Objective To develop homeless-youth-identified process and outcome measures of quality of health care. Data Sources/Study Setting Primary data collection with homeless youth from both street and clinic settings in Seattle, Washington, for calendar year 2002. Study Design The research was a focused ethnography, using key informant and in-depth individual interviews as well as focus groups with a purposeful sample of 47 homeless youth aged 12–23 years. Data Collection/Extraction Methods All interviews and focus groups were tape-recorded, transcribed, and preliminarily coded, with final coding cross-checked and verified with a second researcher. Principal Findings Homeless youth most often stated that cultural and interpersonal aspects of quality of care were important to them. Physical aspects of quality of care reported by the youth were health care sites separate from those for homeless adults, andsites that offered a choice of allopathic and complementary medicine. Outcomes of health care included survival of homelessness, functional and disease-state improvement, and having increased trust and connections with adults and with the wider community. Conclusions Homeless youth identified components of quality of care as well as how quality of care should be measured. Their perspectives will be included in a larger follow-up study to develop quality of care indicators for homeless youth.

Ensign, Josephine

2004-01-01

41

Life Skill Service Needs: Perspectives of Homeless Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study describes the service needs related to life skill development from the perspective of sheltered homeless youth. Qualitative semistructured life narrative interviews addressing the use of services at an emergency shelter were administered to 30 youth. All youth were residig in an emergency shelter located in a large metropolitan area at the time of interview. Youth identified factors

Ann Aviles; Christine Helfrich

2004-01-01

42

Risk factors for homelessness among lesbian, gay, and bisexual youths: A developmental milestone approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youths are over-represented in the homeless population. To examine why some LGB youths become homeless, this report compares homeless and non-homeless LGB youths. Of the 156 LGB youths, 48% reported ever being homeless (i.e., running away or being evicted from home). Results indicate that sexual orientation awareness and the initiation of sexual behavior occurred earlier

Margaret Rosario; Eric W. Schrimshaw; Joyce Hunter

43

Experiential Therapy with Homeless, Runaway and Street Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes the services and activities of the Orion Center, a drop-in day-use facility for homeless and runaway youth in Seattle (Washington). Orion Center uses experiential therapy and adventure-based activities to develop trust, promote fun and relationship building, and facilitate growth and healing among this homeless population. A…

Kallander, Karin; Levings, Laura

44

Incidence and Prevalence of Homeless and Runaway Youth. Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Homeless, runaway, and throwaway youth (HRTY) constitute a high-risk population that urgently requires the attention of policy makers. Although little is known about this population, studies suggest that compared with their domiciled peers, HRTY are at si...

C. Cignetti D. Akin J. Harris J. M. Greene R. Sanchez S. Wheeless

2003-01-01

45

Social Networks of Homeless Youth in Emerging Adulthood  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little is known about the social networks of homeless youth in emerging adulthood despite the importance of this information\\u000a for interventions to reduce health risks. This study examined the composition of social networks, and the risks and supports\\u000a present within them, in a random sample of 349 homeless youth (33.4% female, 23.9% African American, 17.7% Hispanic) between\\u000a the ages of

Suzanne Wenzel; Ian Holloway; Daniela Golinelli; Brett Ewing; Richard Bowman; Joan Tucker

46

Impact of Nursing Intervention on Decreasing Substances among Homeless Youth  

PubMed Central

Background Alcohol use, and in particular, binge drinking, and methamphetamine use is pervasive among homeless youth and remains a social pressure among this vulnerable population. However, there is no compelling evidence that specific interventions for reducing drug and alcohol use are effective for homeless youth. Objectives This community-based participatory action pilot study assessed the impact of an intervention study focused on decreasing use of drugs and alcohol among a sample of homeless young adults (N=154) visiting a drop-in site in Santa Monica, California. The two programs consisted of a HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis Health Promotion (HHP) program led by nurses and an Art Messaging (AM) program led by artists. Six-month follow-up data were obtained from 100 of these individuals. Results Findings revealed significant reductions in alcohol and marijuana use and binge drinking in both the HHP and AM programs. However, homeless youth in the HHP program reported additional reductions in methamphetamine, cocaine and hallucinogen use at six-month follow-up. Conclusions Reductions in drugs and alcohol are important as these substances are linked to HIV/AIDS, hepatitis and other health risks in homeless youth. Scientific Significance The successful outcomes of the study intervention validate the utility of nurse-led and artistic health promotion strategies to decrease drug and alcohol use and other risky behaviors in homeless youth populations.

Nyamathi, Adeline; Branson, Catherine; Kennedy, Barbara; Salem, Benissa; Khalilifard, Farinaz; Marfisee, Mary; Getzoff, Daniel; Leake, Barbara

2013-01-01

47

Sexual Health Information Seeking Online Among Runaway and Homeless Youth.  

PubMed

Research shows runaway and homeless youth are reluctant to seek help from traditional health providers. The Internet can be useful in engaging this population and meeting their needs for sexual health information, including information about HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Using a sample of homeless youth living in Los Angeles, California in June 2009, this study assesses the frequency with which runaway and homeless youth seek sexual health information via the Internet, and assesses which youth are more likely to engage in seeking health information from online sources. Drawing from Andersen's (1968) health behavior model and Pescosolido's (1992) network episode model, we develop and refine a model for seeking online sexual health information among homeless youth. Rather than testing the predicative strength of a given model, our aim is to identify and explore conceptually driven correlates that may shed light on the characteristics associated with these help seeking behaviors among homeless youth. Analyses using multivariate logistic regression models reveal that among the sample of youth, females and gay males most frequently seek sexual health information online. We demonstrate the structure of social network ties (e.g., connection with parents) and the content of interactions (e.g., e-mail forwards of health information) across ties are critical correlates of online sexual health information seeking. Results show a continued connection with parents via the Internet is significantly associated with youth seeking HIV or STI information. Similarly for content of interactions, more youth who were sent health information online also reported seeking HIV information and HIV-testing information. We discuss implications for intervention and practice, focusing on how the Internet may be used for dissemination of sexual health information and as a resource for social workers to link transient, runaway, and homeless youth to care. PMID:22247795

Barman-Adhikari, Anamika; Rice, Eric

2011-06-01

48

The Mental and Physical Health of Homeless Youth: A Literature Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Youth homelessness is a growing concern in the United States. Despite difficulties studying this population due to inconsistent definitions of what it means to be a youth and homeless, the current body of research indicates that abuse, family breakdown, and disruptive family relationships are common contributing factors to youth homelessness.…

Edidin, Jennifer P.; Ganim, Zoe; Hunter, Scott J.; Karnik, Niranjan S.

2012-01-01

49

Social Capital and Homeless Youth: Influence of Residential Instability on College Access  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article examines the experiences homeless youth face and the influence of social networks on their education. Using a social capital framework, we analyze the experiences that are different for poor youth in general and those homeless. Data used include interviews with 123 homeless youth and more than 40 policymakers, school counselors, and…

Tierney, William G.; Hallett, Ronald E.

2012-01-01

50

Homeless Youths' Descriptions of Their Parents' Child-Rearing Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explored homeless youths' perceptions of their parents' child-rearing practices. Results from 409 youth aged 12 to 23 years reveal the following four parenting styles: supportive/emotionally available; intrusive/unavailable; detached; and problems with drugs/law. Implications of these findings and future research and service provision needs are…

Kipke, Michele D.; And Others

1997-01-01

51

Higher Education Act Reauthorization: Homeless and Foster Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Youth experiencing homelessness or in foster care face numerous barriers to higher education. Inadequate college readiness, the complexity of the financial aid process, and lack of housing and support services once enrolled in college make obtaining a college degree an often insurmountable challenge. Yet a college education offers these youth the…

National Association for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth, 2008

2008-01-01

52

Countervailing Social Network Influences on Problem Behaviors among Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The impact of countervailing social network influences (i.e., pro-social, anti-social or HIV risk peers) on problem behaviors (i.e., HIV drug risk, HIV sex risk or anti-social behaviors) among 696 homeless youth was assessed using structural equation modeling. Results revealed that older youth were less likely to report having pro-social peers…

Rice, Eric; Stein, Judith A.; Milburn, Norweeta

2008-01-01

53

Countervailing Social Network Influences on Problem Behaviors among Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of countervailing social network influences (i.e., pro-social, anti-social or HIV risk peers) on problem behaviors (i.e., HIV drug risk, HIV sex risk or anti-social behaviors) among 696 homeless youth was assessed using structural equation modeling. Results revealed that older youth were less likely to report having pro-social peers and…

Rice, Eric; Stein, Judith A.; Milburn, Norweeta

2008-01-01

54

Higher Education Act Reauthorization: Homeless and Foster Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Youth experiencing homelessness or in foster care face numerous barriers to higher education. Inadequate college readiness, the complexity of the financial aid process, and lack of housing and support services once enrolled in college make obtaining a college degree an often insurmountable challenge. Yet a college education offers these youth the…

National Association for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth, 2008

2008-01-01

55

Treatment Outcome for Street-Living, Homeless Youth  

PubMed Central

Comprehensive intervention for homeless, street living youth that addresses substance use, social stability, physical and mental health issues has received very little attention. In this study, street living youth aged 14 to 22 were recruited from a drop-in center and randomly assigned the Community Reinforcement Approach (CRA) or treatment as usual (TAU) through a drop-in center. Findings showed that youth assigned to CRA, compared to TAU, reported significantly reduced substance use (37% v. 17% reduction), depression (40% v. 23%) and increased social stability (58% v. 13%). Youth in both conditions improved in many other behavioral domains including substance use, internalizing and externalizing problems, and emotion and task oriented coping. This study indicates that homeless youth can be engaged into treatment and respond favorably to intervention efforts. However, more treatment development research is needed to address the barriers associated with serving these youth.

Slesnick, Natasha; Prestopnik, Jillian L.; Meyers, Robert J.; Glassman, Michael

2007-01-01

56

Prevalence and Predictors of Sexual Risks Among Homeless Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined prevalence of sexual risks among homeless adolescents and described factors associated with those risks. Community-based outreach methods were used successfully to access this difficult-to-reach population. The sample included 203 homeless youth aged 15–22 recruited from community sites. Questionnaire items addressed demographics, sexual behaviors, alcohol\\/drug use, STI history and testing, and pregnancy history. In cross-sectional analysis, 58.7% of

Linda L. Halcón; Alan R. Lifson

2004-01-01

57

Capacity for Survival: Exploring Strengths of Homeless Street Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

The majority of research on homeless youth has focused on the multitude of problems faced by this vulnerable population. The\\u000a current study, while acknowledging the hazards of life on the streets, seeks to explore the personal strengths and informal\\u000a resources street youth rely on to navigate their environments. Qualitative data from seven focus groups conducted with street\\u000a youth ages 18–24

Kimberly Bender; Sanna J. Thompson; Holly McManus; Janet Lantry; Patrick M. Flynn

2007-01-01

58

Intervention for homeless and at-risk youth: Assessing youth and staff perspectives on service provision, satisfaction and quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study applies a developmental framework to examining service provision within an agency servicing homeless and at-risk youth. Forty-five youth and 30 staff provided quantitative ratings and qualitative description of five core dimensions of service delivery informed by research on youth development within community agencies and studies of service utilization within homeless youth populations; namely, program rules and organization, safety,

Hillary J. Heinze; Debra M. Hernandez Jozefowicz-Simbeni

2009-01-01

59

Taking the youth perspective: Assessment of program characteristics that promote positive development in homeless and at-risk youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study extends research on contextual characteristics associated with positive outcomes within traditional youth settings to examine program characteristics, resources and positive development opportunities that exist within programs for homeless youth and youth at risk for homelessness. One hundred and thirty-three youth (42 boys and young men; 91 girls and young women) from six community agencies completed questionnaires created to

Hillary J. Heinze; Debra M. Hernandez Jozefowicz; Paul A. Toro

2010-01-01

60

Youth Substance Use in a Context of Family Homelessness  

PubMed Central

Objective This study examines the relationship between family processes and youth substance use debuts among a sample of youth residing in urban family homeless shelters. Method Data regarding shelter experiences, youth and family characteristics, and the use of three substances (i.e., cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana) were gathered from a sample of youth (11–14 years) and their respective parents residing in an urban family homeless shelter system. Multinomial logistic regression analysis was used to examine the influences on youth substance use. Results Of the 198 youth included in the statistical analysis, 72% (n=143) reported no substance use debuts, while 18% (n=35) indicated one and 10% (n=20) indicated two to three substance use debuts. Within the final model, greater substance use debut was associated with being older (13–14 vs. 11–12; OR=7.5; 95% CI =1.8–30.9) and stressors exposure (OR=4.8; 95% CI =1.5–14.7). Furthermore, youth of adult caretakers that reported low levels of the three family processes considered were almost four and a half more likely (OR=4.4; 95% CI =1.2–16.5) to have made two to three substance use debuts. Conclusions Family processes may be a particularly important intervention target toward reducing the rate of substance use among youth residing in urban family homeless shelters.

Beharie, Nisha; Olshtain-Mann, Orly; McKay, Mary M.; Goldstein, Leah; Cavaleri, Mary A.; LoIacono, Marni L.; Elwyn, Laura J.; Kalogerogiannis, Kosta; Torres, Ervin; Paulino, Angela; Lawrence, Rita

2011-01-01

61

Homelessness among Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Youth: Implications for Subsequent Internalizing and Externalizing Symptoms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youth with a history of homelessness (running away or being evicted from their homes by parents) report more psychological symptoms than homeless heterosexual peers, it is unclear whether symptoms are due to homelessness, given the absence of a non-homeless comparison group. This study longitudinally…

Rosario, Margaret; Schrimshaw, Eric W.; Hunter, Joyce

2012-01-01

62

Predictors of Substance Use Severity among Homeless Youth  

PubMed Central

Problem This cross-sectional study identified a number of factors that were correlated with drug-use severity among homeless youth. Method To examine a commonly-used measure of substance-use severity, the TCU Drug Screen II, in a convenience sample of 156 homeless youth, ages 15–25 from a drop-in site in Santa Monica, California. Findings Higher drug-use severity scores were independently related to low levels of perceived health and maladaptive coping strategies. Conclusions The findings from this study are particularly relevant in that they support previous results showing that psychosocial variables are related to substance use behavior among young populations.

Nyamathi, Adeline; Hudson, Angela; Greengold, Barbara; Slagle, Alexandra; Marfisee, Mary; Khalilifard, Farinaz; Leake, Barbara

2010-01-01

63

The Challenge of Pregnancy among Homeless Youth: Reclaiming a Lost Opportunity  

Microsoft Academic Search

:Young, homeless women often become pregnant, but little is known about how street youth experience their pregnancies. We documented 26 pregnancy outcomes among 13 homeless women (ages 18-26) and eight homeless men through interviews and participant-observation. Eight pregnancies were voluntarily terminated, three were miscarried, and fifteen were carried to term. Regardless of pregnancy outcome, street youths' narratives focused on ambivalence

Marcela Smid; Philippe Bourgois; Colette L. Auerswald

2010-01-01

64

Gender Differences in Traumatic Events and Rates of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder among Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the present report we describe patterns of traumatic events and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), both partial and full, among homeless youth and those at risk for homelessness, with an emphasis on gender differences. Participants were 85 homeless and at-risk youth (49% female) recruited from a drop-in center in New York City in 2000.…

Gwadz, Marya Viorst; Nish, David; Leonard, Noelle R.; Strauss, Shiela M.

2007-01-01

65

Screening Homeless Youth for Histories of Abuse: Prevalence, Enduring Effects, and Interest in Treatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objectives: To identify the incidence of self-reported physical and sexual child abuse among homeless youth, the self-perceived effects of past abuse, and current interest in treatment for past abuse among homeless youth with histories of abuse. Methods: Homeless and street-involved persons aged 18-23 filled out a questionnaire and participated…

Keeshin, Brooks R.; Campbell, Kristine

2011-01-01

66

The Education for Homeless Children and Youth Program: Learning To Succeed. Executive Summary. Volume I: Reducing Barriers for Homeless Children and Youth for Access and Achievement. Volume II: Educating Homeless Children and Youth: A Resource Guide for Promising Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which summarizes the study, "Reducing Barriers for Homeless Children and Youth for Access and Achievement," and the guide, "Educating Homeless Children and Youth: A Resource Guide for Promising Practices," provides evidence that state education agencies and local educational agencies have made significant progress in revising laws,…

Department of Education, Washington, DC. Planning and Evaluation Service.

67

Comparison of HIV Risks among Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Heterosexual Homeless Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Youth who are homeless and gay, lesbian or bisexual (GLB) are one of the most disenfranchised and marginalized groups in our\\u000a society. The purpose of this study is to examine and compare HIV in GLB homeless youth with their heterosexual counterparts.\\u000a Participants for this study included 268 youth involved in treatment outcome studies with substance abusing homeless youth.\\u000a Results suggest

Rashmi Gangamma; Natasha Slesnick; Paula Toviessi; Julianne Serovich

2008-01-01

68

Educating Homeless Youth in Texas: The McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Assistance Improvements Act of 2001.  

PubMed

This paper discusses homeless youth in the US focusing on educational issues addressed by the implementation of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Assistance Improvements Act of 2001. This law requires that states ensure each homeless child has equal access to public education. Moreover, the law requires states to identify and remove barriers to homeless children's education, such as requirements for previous school records and proof of residency. Following description of homelessness, educational issues, and barriers for homeless youth, the McKinney-Vento Act is described as it is applied in Texas. Finally, the paper concludes that further development, education, and commitment from service providers in schools and other community agencies will be needed to improve outcomes for these highly vulnerable youth. PMID:22553382

Windsor, Liliane Cambraia; Thompson, Sanna J

2008-07-01

69

Countervailing social network influences on problem behaviors among homeless youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

The impact of countervailing social network influences (i.e., pro-social, anti-social or HIV risk peers) on problem behaviors (i.e., HIV drug risk, HIV sex risk or anti-social behaviors) among 696 homeless youth was assessed using structural equation modeling. Results revealed that older youth were less likely to report having pro-social peers and were more likely to have HIV risk and anti-social

Eric Rice; Judith A. Stein; Norweeta Milburn

2008-01-01

70

Shelters for Runaway and Homeless Youths: Capacity and Occupancy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Data from a nationally representative sample of shelters for runaway and homeless youths (n=160) were analyzed to determine shelter capacity, occupancy, and occupancy ratios. Analysis focused in particular on occupancy ratios by funding status, shelter size, metropolitan statistical area, season, and day of the week. Results showed a relatively…

Greene, Jody M.; And Others

1997-01-01

71

Shelters for runaway and homeless youths: capacity and occupancy.  

PubMed

Data from a nationally representative sample of shelters for runaway and homeless youths (N = 160) were analyzed to determine shelter capacity, occupancy, and occupancy ratios. Analysis focused in particular on occupancy ratios by funding status, shelter size, metropolitan statistical area (MSA), season, and day of the week. PMID:9218343

Greene, J M; Ringwalt, C L; Iachan, R

72

The Initiation of Homeless Youth into the Street Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homeless youth (HY) who lack employment in the formal economy typically turn to the street economy (e.g., prostitution, drug selling) for survival. Guided by the theory of social control, the present paper explores factors influencing HY's initiation into the street economy. Eighty HY (ages 15-23) were recruited from four community-based…

Gwadz, Marya Viorst; Gostnell, Karla; Smolenski, Carol; Willis, Brian; Nish, David; Nolan, Theresa C.; Tharaken, Maya; Ritchie, Amanda S.

2009-01-01

73

Health-Seeking Challenges Among Homeless Youth  

PubMed Central

Background Approximately 1.5 to 2 million homeless young persons live on the streets in the United States. With the current economic situation, research is needed on quality of services geared toward homeless young adults. Objectives The objective of this study was to explore homeless young adults' perspectives on barriers and facilitators of health-care-seeking behavior and their perspectives on improving existing programs for homeless persons. Methods This article is a descriptive qualitative study using focus groups, with a purposeful sample of 24 homeless drug-using young adults. Results Identified themes were failing access to care based on perceived structural barriers (limited clinic sites, limited hours of operation, priority health conditions, and long wait times) and social barriers (perception of discrimination by uncaring professionals, law enforcement, and society in general). Discussion Results provide insight into programmatic and agency resources that facilitate health-seeking behaviors among homeless young adults and include implications for more research with providers of homeless health and social services.

Hudson, Angela L.; Nyamathi, Adeline; Greengold, Barbara; Slagle, Alexandra; Koniak-Griffin, Deborah; Khalilifard, Farinaz; Getzoff, Daniel

2010-01-01

74

A Snapshot of Substance Abuse Among Homeless and Runaway Youth in Denver, Colorado  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report on results of a one-day survey measuring rates of substance use and HIV risk behaviors among the homeless youth population of Denver, Colorado. On March 15, 2001, staff of Urban Peak, conducted a single-day survey of homeless and runaway youth in the Denver metropolitan region, going to locations known to be frequented by this population. All youth encountered

James M. Van Leeuwen; Christian Hopfer; Sabrina Hooks; Roxane White; Jerene Petersen; John Pirkopf

2004-01-01

75

Education of Homeless Children and Youth under the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act. Annual Report. Department of Education Form 1810-0536.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In response to the U.S. Department of Education requirement for a state status report on homeless children and youth, the Colorado Department of Education conducted a 1-day telephone survey of homeless service providers and school districts, to determine the numbers and educational needs of the state's homeless children and youth. The survey…

Colorado State Dept. of Education, Denver.

76

Predictors of substance use among homeless youth in San Diego  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the frequency of substance use among 14- to 24-year-old homeless youth (N=113) recruited from two community drop-in centers and explored the relationship between substance use and hypothesized psychosocial predictors. Audio-computer-assisted self-interviewing (A-CASI) was used for assessment. Including alcohol and tobacco, the mean number of different drugs used was 3.55 for lifetime and 2.34 for the last 3

Chad A. Bousman; Elaine J. Blumberg; Audrey M. Shillington; Melbourne F. Hovell; Ming Ji; Stephanie Lehman; John Clapp

2005-01-01

77

Adult Support and Substance Use among Homeless Youths Who Attend High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Despite high rates of substance use among homeless youths, little is known about the interaction of substance-use risk and protective factors. Further, limited research exists on substance use by school-attending homeless youths, as extant studies have relied on street- and shelter-based samples. Objective: The purpose of this study…

Ferguson, Kristin M.; Xie, Bin

2012-01-01

78

Exploring Family Environment Characteristics and Multiple Abuse Experiences among Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This qualitative study used data from the Social Enterprise Intervention (SEI) pilot study, a comprehensive vocational training program with integrated clinical services for homeless youth. In-depth interviews were conducted with 28 homeless youth participating in the SEI study to explore their perceptions of family environment characteristics…

Ferguson, Kristin M.

2009-01-01

79

Adult Support and Substance Use among Homeless Youths Who Attend High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: Despite high rates of substance use among homeless youths, little is known about the interaction of substance-use risk and protective factors. Further, limited research exists on substance use by school-attending homeless youths, as extant studies have relied on street- and shelter-based samples. Objective: The purpose of this study…

Ferguson, Kristin M.; Xie, Bin

2012-01-01

80

The Power of the Drug, Nature of Support, and Their Impact on Homeless Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to explore homeless youths' perspectives on the power of drugs in their lives, the preferred type of drugs used, barriers to treatment, and strategies to prevent drug initiation and abuse. This was a descriptive, qualitative study using focus groups with a purposeful sample of 24 drug-using homeless youth. The results provided insight into the

Angela L. Hudson; Adeline Nyamathi; Alexandra Slagle; Barbara Greengold; Deborah Koniak Griffin; Farinaz Khalilifard; Danny Gedzoff; Courtney Reid

2009-01-01

81

Aboriginal Youth Talk about Structural Determinants as the Causes of their Homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores structural determinants as possible causes of the homelessness of Aboriginal youth in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It includes a brief literature review and provides some of the findings of a recent research project, which implemented an Aboriginal research methodology with homeless youth in To- ronto. These findings point to a strong link between Aboriginal children growing up in

Cyndy Baskina

82

Homeless Youth: Drug Use Patterns and HIV Risk Profiles According to Peer Group Affiliation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research was conducted to identify subcultural peer groups within a homeless youth population and determine whether these groups differ with respect to drug use patterns and HIV risk. Using systematic sampling methods, 309 homeless youth (ages 13–23 years) were recruited from street and service sites. Drug use patterns and HIV risk profiles were found to vary according to group affiliation.

Michele D. Kipke; Susanne B. Montgomery; Thomas R. Simon; Jennifer B. Unger; Christine J. Johnson

1997-01-01

83

Parent-Adolescent Violence and Later Behavioral Health Problems Among Homeless and Housed Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parent-adolescent violence (i.e., violence between parents and adolescents) is an important pathway to homelessness and predicts poor behavioral health outcomes among youth. However, few studies have examined links between parent violence and outcomes among youth who are homeless. Existing research has also tended to ignore adolescent violence toward parents, despite evidence that mutual violence is common. The current study examines

Mason G. Haber

2009-01-01

84

A Qualitative Study of the Formation and Composition of Social Networks among Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although social networks are essential for explaining protective and risk factors among homeless youth, little is known about the formation and composition of these groups. In this study, we utilized 19 in-depth interviews with homeless youth to investigate their social network formation, role relationships, housing status, and network member…

Tyler, Kimberly A.; Melander, Lisa A.

2011-01-01

85

Homelessness, Children, and Youth: Research in the United States and Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

This issue of American Behavioral Scientist makes available some of the most recent research on the growing social, economic, and human development impacts of homelessness on families—specifically, on the lives of children and youth. The seven studies from the United States and Canada compiled here provide important evidence-based insights to inform efforts aimed at combating homelessness among children and youth.

Darcy Varney; Willem van Vliet

2008-01-01

86

Homelessness Among Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Youth: Implications for Subsequent Internalizing and Externalizing Symptoms  

PubMed Central

Although lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youth with a history of homelessness (running away or being evicted from their homes by parents) report more psychological symptoms than homeless heterosexual peers, it is unclear whether symptoms are due to homelessness, given the absence of a non-homeless comparison group. This study longitudinally investigates whether LGB youth with a history of homelessness report more subsequent psychological symptoms than non-homeless LGB youth and examines potential mediators of any such relationships. Of the 156 LGB youth interviewed (49% female; 78% non-White), 48% reported past homeless experiences. Homelessness was associated with subsequent symptoms of anxiety, depression, conduct problems, and substance abuse and to changes in symptoms over time even after controlling for childhood sexual abuse and early development of sexual orientation. Stressful life events, negative social relationships, and social support from friends mediated the relationships between homelessness and symptomatology. These findings suggest the need for interventions to reduce stress and enhance social support among LGB youth with a history of homelessness in order to reduce psychological symptoms.

Schrimshaw, Eric W.; Hunter, Joyce

2011-01-01

87

Protective factors associated with fewer multiple problem behaviors among homeless/runaway youth.  

PubMed

Although homeless youth exhibit numerous problem behaviors, protective factors that can be targeted and modified by prevention programs to decrease the likelihood of involvement in risky behaviors are less apparent. The current study tested a model of protective factors for multiple problem behavior in a sample of 474 homeless youth (42% girls; 83% minority) ages 12 to 24 years. Higher levels of problem solving and planning skills were strongly related to lower levels of multiple problem behaviors in homeless youth, suggesting both the positive impact of preexisting personal assets of these youth and important programmatic targets for further building their resilience and decreasing problem behaviors. Indirect relationships between the background factors of self-esteem and social support and multiple problem behaviors were significantly mediated through protective skills. The model suggests that helping youth enhance their skills in goal setting, decision making, and self-reliant coping could lessen a variety of problem behaviors commonly found among homeless youth. PMID:22023279

Lightfoot, Marguerita; Stein, Judith A; Tevendale, Heather; Preston, Kathleen

2011-01-01

88

Prevalence and correlates of survival sex among runaway and homeless youth.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: This study examined the prevalence and correlates of survival sex among runaway and homeless youths. METHODS: A nationally representative sample of shelter youths and a multicity sample of street youths were interviewed. RESULTS: Approximately 28% of street youths and 10% of shelter youths reported having participated in survival sex, which was associated with age, days away from home, victimization, criminal behaviors, substance use, suicide attempts, sexually transmitted disease, and pregnancy. CONCLUSIONS: Intensive and ongoing services are needed to provide resources and residential assistance to enable runaway and homeless youths to avoid survival sex, which is associated with many problem behaviors.

Greene, J M; Ennett, S T; Ringwalt, C L

1999-01-01

89

Enhancing Empowerment and Leadership Among Homeless Youth in Agency and Community Settings: A Grounded Theory Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this qualitative study with homeless youth (ages 18–24) was to understand their involvement in decision-making\\u000a within agency and community settings. Three focus groups with eight, six and six homeless youth were conducted at an urban\\u000a drop-in center and shelter from June to August 2008. Emergent themes include youth voice and ownership in agency and community\\u000a programming, emotional

Kristin M. FergusonMin; Min Ah Kim; Stacy McCoy

2011-01-01

90

Correlates of substance use among homeless youths in eight cities.  

PubMed

Homeless youths (N = 684) in eight cities participated in this study to understand the rates and correlates of substance use. Rates of lifetime and recent substance use ranged from 66% to 90%. Variability in lifetime and recent substance use was partially explained by being white (ages 14-17); ever attempting suicide (ages 14-17); not being African American (lifetime substance use) or Hispanic (ages 18-24); being male (ages 18-24); identifying as lesbian, gay, or bisexual (ages 18-24); using substances with a parent; beginning substance use at a young age; and having a family history of a substance problem. PMID:18464000

Salomonsen-Sautel, Stacy; Van Leeuwen, James M; Gilroy, Christine; Boyle, Susan; Malberg, Danielle; Hopfer, Christian

91

Reaching the Hard to Reach: Innovative Housing for Homeless Youth through Strategic Partnerships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article features three housing programs designed to target the needs of youth aging out of child welfare. One program combines housing and treatment to move substance-dependent youth off the streets; one combines the resources of Urban Peak, the only licensed homeless and runaway youth shelter in Colorado, with the Denver Department of Human…

Van Leeuwen, Jamie

2004-01-01

92

Meeting the Educational Needs of Homeless Children and Youth: A Resource for Schools and Communities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This publication offers information to help educators, other school personnel, shelter and social services providers, and state and local policymakers to understand better the needs of homeless children and youth and to ensure an appropriate education for...

A. M. Hightower S. P. Nathanson G. L. Wimberly

1997-01-01

93

Teen Peer Outreach-Street Work Project: HIV prevention education for runaway and homeless youth.  

PubMed

Each year, there are approximately 2 million homeless and runaway youths in the United States. On any given night, there are 1,000 homeless youngsters living on the streets of San Diego, CA. Homeless young people are commonly involved in one or more of the following activities that place them at risk for HIV infection--unprotected sexual intercourse, needle-sharing in the use of injectable drugs, sex with someone who injects drugs. The Teen Peer Outreach-Street Work Project trains teen peer educators to work in three existing San Diego youth service programs with street outreach staff members to provide HIV prevention education and referral services to San Diego's homeless youth. Selected teens from the target population also participate in street-based case management that provides skill development to bring about behavioral and attitudinal changes. An HIV outreach program cannot stand alone and is most successful if it is integrated with services that meet the basic needs of its clients. In the three participating youth service programs of the Teen Peer Outreach-Street Work Project, food, clothes, and shelter information are provided. There are shelters in two of the three programs that become places where HIV educational messages, delivered on the street, can be reinforced. Immediate and concrete assistance can be offered to homeless youth. Low literacy among the target population presents a significant obstacle to adequate and appropriate HIV prevention education for homeless youth. Currently, education materials that specifically target homeless youth do not exit. The outreach street project is being expanded to develop materials for homeless youth with low literacy levels. Teen peers will be used to facilitate structured focus groups composed of members of the target population. Focus groups will be used in concept development, product development, and evaluation of draft products.Because the project is unique.in San Diego, it addresses an unmet need, reaching a population often missed by traditional HIV education efforts. PMID:8464971

Podschun, G D

94

Online Social Networking Technologies, HIV Knowledge, and Sexual Risk and Testing Behaviors Among Homeless Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluates associations between online social networking and sexual health behaviors among homeless youth in Los\\u000a Angeles. We analyzed survey data from 201 homeless youth accessing services at a Los Angeles agency. Multivariate (regression\\u000a and logistic) models assessed whether use of (and topics discussed on) online social networking technologies affect HIV knowledge,\\u000a sexual risk behaviors, and testing for sexually

Sean D. Young; Eric Rice

2011-01-01

95

Homeless, Not Hopeless: Ensuring Educational Opportunity for America's Homeless Children and Youth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This position document is introduced by a fact sheet that lists the numbers of homeless people and the appropriations for various programs that assist homeless people. The executive summary discusses: (1) the plight of homeless children; (2) the passage of the McKinney Homeless Assistance Amendments of 1990 by the U.S. Congress; (3) services…

Johnson, Joseph F., Jr., Ed.; Wand, Barbara, Ed.

96

A strengths based method for homeless youth: Effectiveness and fidelity of Houvast  

PubMed Central

Background While homelessness among youth is a serious problem, there is little information about evidence-based interventions for homeless youth. In cooperation with professionals and youths, Wolf (2012) developed Houvast (Dutch for ‘grip’): a strengths based method grounded in scientific and practice evidence. The main aim of Houvast is to improve the quality of life of homeless youths by focusing on their strengths, thus stimulating their capacity for autonomy and self-reliance. Method/Design The effectiveness and fidelity of Houvast will be tested in ten Dutch services for homeless youth which are randomly allocated to an intervention group (n = 5), or a control group which provides care as usual (n = 5). Measurements of both objective and subjective quality of life and secondary outcomes (mental and physical health, substance use, coping, resilience, psychological needs, care needs, working relationship with the professional and attainment of personal goals) will be conducted among homeless youths (n = 251). Youths in both groups will be interviewed by means of a structured interview at baseline, at time of ending care or after having received care for six months (T1) and at nine months after baseline (T2). Model fidelity will be tested around T1. Discussion This study is unique as it includes a large number of homeless youths who are followed for a period of nine months, and because it focuses on a strengths based approach. If the Houvast method proves to be effective in improving quality of life it will be the first evidence-based intervention for homeless youth. Trail registration Netherlands Trail Register (NTR):NTR3254

2013-01-01

97

THE PRIMARY HEALTH CARE SERVICE EXPERIENCES AND NEEDS OF HOMELESS YOUTH: A NARRATIVE SYNTHESIS OF CURRENT EVIDENCE.  

PubMed

Abstract Homeless youth are a growing, vulnerable population with specific primary health care (PHC) requirements. There are no systematic reviews of evidence to guide the delivery of PHC interventions to best address the needs of homeless youth in Australia. We present a narrative synthesis of peer reviewed research designed to determine: 1) the PHC services homeless youth access; 2) experiences of services, reported outcomes and barriers to use; and, 3) the PHC service needs of homeless youth. Findings show that homeless youth access a variety of services and delivery approaches. Increased PHC use is associated with youth who recognise they need help. Street-based clinic linked services and therapy and case management alongside improved housing can positively impact upon mental health and substance use outcomes. Barriers to service use include knowledge; provider attitudes, financial constraints and inappropriate environments. Findings support targeted, co-ordinated networks of PHC and housing services with nurses working alongside community workers. PMID:23066689

Dawson, Angela; Jackson, Debra

2012-10-15

98

The primary health care service experiences and needs of homeless youth: a narrative synthesis of current evidence.  

PubMed

Homeless youth are a growing, vulnerable population with specific primary health care (PHC) requirements. There are no systematic reviews of evidence to guide the delivery of PHC interventions to best address the needs of homeless youth in Australia. We present a narrative synthesis of peer reviewed research designed to determine: (1) the PHC services homeless youth access; (2) experiences of services, reported outcomes and barriers to use; and, (3) the PHC service needs of homeless youth. Findings show that homeless youth access a variety of services and delivery approaches. Increased PHC use is associated with youth who recognise they need help. Street-based clinic linked services and therapy and case management alongside improved housing can positively impact upon mental health and substance use outcomes. Barriers to service use include knowledge; provider attitudes, financial constraints and inappropriate environments. Findings support targetted, co-ordinated networks of PHC and housing services with nurses working alongside community workers. PMID:23721389

Dawson, Angela; Jackson, Debra

2013-04-01

99

Implementing a Social Enterprise Intervention with Homeless, Street-Living Youths in Los Angeles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Homeless, street-dwelling youths are an at-risk population who often use survival behaviors to meet their basic needs. The traditional outreach approach brings services into the streets, yet does not adequately replace the youths' high-risk behaviors. Similarly, job training programs often fail to address the mental health issues that constitute…

Ferguson, Kristin M.

2007-01-01

100

Predictors of Sexually Transmitted Infection Testing Among Sexually Active Homeless Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined the association between sexual risk behaviors and sexually transmitted infection (STI) testing in a sample of homeless youth. Of 261 youth interviewed, 50% had been sexually active in the past 3 months. Gender variation in sexual behaviors and risk were found. Boys were more likely than girls to engage in anal sex (46% vs. 15%), to have 3

M. Rosa Solorio; Norweeta G. Milburn; Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus; Chandra Higgins; Lillian Gelberg

2006-01-01

101

Risk Factors for Sexual Victimization Among Male and Female Homeless and Runaway Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Risk factors associated with the likelihood of being sexually victimized by a stranger or friend/acquaintance since being on the street was examined among 372 homeless and runaway youth. Young people were interviewed on the streets and in shelters by outreach workers using a systematic sampling strategy. Youth who engaged in more high-risk…

Tyler, Kimberly A.; Whitbeck, Les B.; Hoyt, Dan R.; Cauce, Ana Mari

2004-01-01

102

On Their Own: Runaway and Homeless Youth and Programs that Serve Them.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph discusses runaway and homeless youth and the programs that serve them in seven large and medium-sized cities throughout the United States. The monograph focuses on the characteristics and service needs of these youths and the demands they pose for service providers. It examines how the population and the service environment have…

Pires, Sheila A.; Silber, Judith Tolmach

103

Suicidal Ideation among Homeless Youth: The Impact of Family Dysfunction, Morbidity and Deliberate Self-harm  

PubMed Central

Suicide research typically examines one of four fundamental risk factors (e.g. family dysfunction, family suicide history, poor health [mental and physical], and personal difficulty). Utilizing measures for each of these risk-factors, we develop and test a model that identifies risk factors for suicidal ideation among 428 homeless youth in eight Midwestern cities. Using structural equation modeling, results indicate that family dysfunction and family suicide history indirectly affect the ideation of homeless youth. Additionally, having met lifetime criteria for mental health diagnosis, such as substance use/abuse, post-traumatic stress disorder and major depression, our sample of youth are more likely to deliberately harm themselves before considering suicide.

Jorgensen, Edan L.; Jorgensen, Stacia L.; Heard, Malcolm P.; Whitbeck, Les B.

2009-01-01

104

Education for Homeless Children and Youth Program: Learning to Succeed. Volume 2: Educating Homeless Children and Youth: A Resource Guide to Promising Practices.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This guide suggests strategies and processes that states, districts, and schools can use to overcome some of the many barriers that keep homeless children and youth from getting the education to which they are entitled. It also presents approaches for hel...

2002-01-01

105

The Education for Homeless Children and Youth Program: Learning To Succeed. Volume II. Educating Homeless Children and Youth: A Resource Guide to Promoting Practices. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide suggests strategies to help states, districts, and schools overcome barriers that keep homeless children and youth from getting the education to which they are entitled, presenting approaches for helping them achieve the same high standards expected of all children. The promising practices all come from states and districts that have…

Funkhouser, Janie E.; Riley, Derek L.; Suh, H. Jenny; Lennon, Jean M.

106

Substance abuse and high-risk needle-related behaviors among homeless youth in minneapolis: Implications for prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homeless and runaway youth face a variety of health, risks, including those related to substance abuse and use of unsterile\\u000a needles. During 1998–1999, we recruited 201 Minneapolis homeless youths aged 15–22 years; these youths were interviewed by\\u000a experienced street outreach workers from settings where street youth were known to congregate. Respondents spent a median\\u000a of 6 months in the previous

Alan R. Lifson; Linda L. Halcón

2001-01-01

107

Falling through the Gaps: Homeless Children and Youth. Fact Sheet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In each state, between 41 percent and 91 percent of the homeless students identified by the U.S. Department of Education (ED) are not considered homeless by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). Nationwide, as many as 715,238 homeless students fall into a bureaucratic gap between HUD and ED. This is because ED, HUD, and…

Lovell, Phillip; DeBaun, Bill

2012-01-01

108

Increased Substance Use and Risky Sexual Behavior Among Migratory Homeless Youth: Exploring the Role of Social Network Composition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Travelers are a migratory subgroup of homeless youth who may be especially prone to engaging in risky behavior. This study\\u000a compared the substance use and sexual behavior of young homeless travelers and non-travelers to evaluate the extent and possible\\u000a sources of travelers’ increased risk. Data came from face-to-face interviews with 419 homeless youth (36.6% female, 34.0%\\u000a white, 23.9% African American,

Steven C. MartinoJoan; Joan S. Tucker; Gery Ryan; Suzanne L. Wenzel; Daniela Golinelli; Brett Munjas

109

Survival on the Streets: Prosocial and Moral Behaviors Among Food Insecure Homeless Youth in Adelaide, South Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines prosocial and moral behaviours that underpin survival strategies and food acquisition practices among a sample of food insecure homeless youth in Adelaide, Australia. The mixed method study included a study involving in-depth interviews about food procurement and food sharing practices with homeless youth (n = 15) aged 15–24 years. Interviewees demonstrated proactive prosocial behaviours including sharing food,

Susan L. Booth; John Coveney

2007-01-01

110

Problem Behaviors vs. the Situational Adversity Approach: HIV Risk Behaviors of Homeless Youth in Fort Lauderdale, Florida  

Microsoft Academic Search

Problem behavior and situational adversity theories were used to investigate HIV risks among homeless youth. Problem behavior theory posits that youth with certain personality characteristics are more likely to engage in additional risk behaviors. Situational adversity warns against exposure to the social context of homelessness. We investigated the interaction between these concepts to explain two HIV-related risk behaviors: (1) non-condom

Melanie J. Simmons; Marlene LaLota

111

Street-based STD testing and treatment of homeless youth are feasible, acceptable and effective  

Microsoft Academic Search

PurposeCurrent Centers for Disease Control (CDC) guidelines recommend that sexually transmitted disease (STD) screening measures for high-risk populations such as homeless youth prioritize testing in out-of-clinic settings and incorporate new approaches to STD eradication, such as field-delivered testing and treatment and patient-delivered partner therapy (PDPT). Our non-medically trained research staff offered field-based STI testing, field-delivered therapy, and PDPT to homeless

Colette L. Auerswald; Eiko Sugano; Jonathan M. Ellen; Jeffrey D. Klausner

2006-01-01

112

Homeless Children and Youth at Risk: The Educational Impact of Displacement  

Microsoft Academic Search

We know that homelessness creates conditions of risk for homeless children and youth (e.g., malnutrition, missing parental support, affiliation with deviant peers, disconnect from schooling, and so forth). Researchers also document that these states of risk have devastating physical, emotional, social, and educational impacts on young people. In this article, we explore the final issue—how displacement affects the educational well-being

Joseph Murphy

2011-01-01

113

Invited Commentary: National Safe Place: Meeting the Immediate Needs of Runaway and Homeless Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

An estimated 1.6 million youth run away from home each year. While on the run, these youth are vulnerable to exploitation,\\u000a victimization, increased dangers and perpetration of criminal behavior. Runaway and homeless youth are far more likely to\\u000a engage in substance use and delinquent behavior, drop out of school and suffer from sexually transmitted diseases and mental\\u000a illness at greater

Sara M. WalshRobin; Robin E. Donaldson

2010-01-01

114

A snapshot of substance abuse among homeless and runaway youth in Denver, Colorado.  

PubMed

We report on results of a one-day survey measuring rates of substance use and HIV risk behaviors among the homeless youth population of Denver, Colorado. On March 15, 2001, staff of Urban Peak, conducted a single-day survey of homeless and runaway youth in the Denver metropolitan region, going to locations known to be frequented by this population. All youth encountered were asked to fill out a brief survey asking about past nine month use of the following substances: alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, methamphetamine, heroin, hallucinogens, ecstasy and ketamine, and HIV risk behaviors. Chi-square analyses of the association of substance used and gender, age, living situation, and ethnicity were conducted. In addition, the use of any club drug was examined. One-hundred-eighty-six homeless or runaway youth were surveyed; 74 percent were between 16 and 25. Rates of use over the last nine months were as follows: alcohol, 69 percent; marijuana, 75 percent; methamphetamine, 18 percent; cocaine, 19 percent; heroin, 12 percent; hallucinogens, 30 percent; ecstasy, 25 percent; and ketamine, 13 percent. Eleven percent reported trading sex for drugs, money, food, or shelter; and 13 percent reported sharing needles. There were significant associations between living situation and use of marijuana, cocaine and hallucinogens. Prevalence rates of club drugs show 75 percent, 77 percent and 77 percent of homeless or runaway youth ihaving used ecstasy, ketamine and hallucinogens one to three times per month over the last nine months, respectively. Prevalence rates of substance use among homeless youth in the Denver metropolitan are similar to rates reported in other larger metropolitan areas. Routine screening for every substance needs to be part of the assessment for all homeless youth. Initial data points to a need for more research exploring protective factors among this population and to better understand the prevalence of club drug use. PMID:15141897

Van Leeuwen, James M; Hopfer, Christian; Hooks, Sabrina; White, Roxane; Petersen, Jerene; Pirkopf, John

2004-06-01

115

The Challenge of Pregnancy among Homeless Youth: Reclaiming a Lost Opportunity  

PubMed Central

Young, homeless women often become pregnant, but little is known about how street youth experience their pregnancies. We documented 26 pregnancy outcomes among 13 homeless women (ages 18–26) and eight homeless men through interviews and participant-observation. Eight pregnancies were voluntarily terminated, three were miscarried, and fifteen were carried to term. Regardless of pregnancy outcome, street youths’ narratives focused on ambivalence about parenting, traumatic childhood experiences, and current challenges. Despite significant obstacles, almost all were convinced of their personal capacity to change their lives. While most wanted to be parents, the majority lost custody of their newborns and consequently associated contact with medical and social services with punitive outcomes. Most of the youth who chose to terminate successfully sought safe medical care. We offer recommendations for changing the approach of services to take full advantage of pregnancy as a potential catalyst event for change in this highly vulnerable and underserved population.

Smid, Marcela; Bourgois, Philippe; Auerswald, Colette L.

2011-01-01

116

Mental health and substance abuse indicators among homeless youth in Denver, Colorado.  

PubMed

We report the results of mental health evaluations from 182 homeless youth residing in a Denver, Colorado, shelter. The literature on homeless youth, although developing, is still somewhat limited as it relates to mental health, substance abuse, and trauma. This study was motivated by clinically observed high rates of mental illness, trauma, dangerousness issues, and drug and alcohol abuse. Using archival data from mental health evaluations conducted over two years, variables including gender, age, ethnicity, primary diagnosis, drug of choice, trauma history, suicidal ideation, homicidal ideation, and legal history were assessed. Results discovered significantly higher than expected diagnoses of mental illness and associations between drug of choice and diagnosis, trauma history and suicidal ideation, and trauma history and diagnosis. Results suggest a strong need for co-occurring treatment, trauma-focused therapy, and attention to both mental illness and substance abuse in homeless youth. PMID:19777794

Merscham, Carrie; Van Leeuwen, James M; McGuire, Megan

2009-01-01

117

Interventions to modify sexual risk behaviours for preventing HIV in homeless youth  

PubMed Central

Background Homeless youth are at high risk for HIV infection as a consequence of risky sexual behavior. Interventions in homeless youth are challenging. Assessment of the effectiveness of interventions to modify sexual risk behaviours for preventing HIV in homeless youth is needed. Objectives To evaluate and summarize the effectiveness of interventions for modifying sexual risk behaviours and preventing transmission of HIV among homeless youth. Search methods We searched electronic databases (CENTRAL, Medline, EMBASE, AIDSearch, Gateway, PsycInfo, LILACS), reference lists of eligible articles, international health agency publication lists, and clinical trial registries. The search was updated January 2010. We contacted authors of published reports and other key role players. Selection criteria Randomized studies of interventions to modify sexual risk behavior (biological, self-report sexual-risk behavior or health seeking behavior) in homeless youth (12–24 years). Data collection and analysis Data from eligible studies were extracted by two reviewers. We assessed risk of bias per the Cochrane Collaborations tool. None of the eligible studies reported any primary biological outcomes for this review and the reporting of self-report sexual risk behavior outcomes was highly variable across studies precluding calculation of summary measures of effect; we present the outcomes descriptively for each study. We contacted authors for missing or ambiguous data. Results We identified three eligible studies after screening a total of 255 unique records. All three were performed in the United States of America and recruited substance-abusing male and female adolescents (total N=615) through homeless shelters into randomised controlled trials of independent and non-overlapping behavioural interventions. The three trials differed in theoretical background, delivery method, dosage (number of sessions,) content and outcome assessments. Overall, the variability in delivery and outcomes precluded estimation of summary of effect measures. We assessed the risk of bias to be high for each of the studies. Whilst some effect of the interventions on outcome measures were reported, heterogeneity and lack of robustness in these studies necessitate caution in interpreting the effectiveness of these interventions. Authors’ conclusions The body of evidence does not permit conclusions on the impact of interventions to modify sexual risk behaviour in homeless youth. More research is required. While the psychosocial and contextual factors that fuel sexual risk behaviours among homeless youth challenge stringent methodologies of RCT’s, novel ways for program delivery and trial retention are in need of development. Future trials should endeavour to comply with rigorous methodology in design, delivery, outcome measurement and reporting.

Naranbhai, Vivek; Karim, Quarraisha Abdool; Meyer-Weitz, Anna

2013-01-01

118

Long-term and chronic homelessness in homeless women and women with children.  

PubMed

The Chronic Homelessness initiative has directed millions of federal dollars to services for single "unaccompanied homeless" individuals, specifically excluding women living with their children. Using a data set with a nationally representative sample of homeless adults, we calculated the prevalence rates and profiles of long-term homelessness in homeless women (n = 849). With the exception of the criterion of being a single "unaccompanied individual," many women, including women with children, met the criteria for chronic homelessness including having a disability of mental health or substance abuse problems. Our findings suggest that the federal definition of chronic homelessness needs to be revised. PMID:20818593

Zlotnick, Cheryl; Tam, Tammy; Bradley, Kimberly

2010-09-01

119

A cluster analysis of service utilization and incarceration among homeless youth  

PubMed Central

Our paper examines service usage (e.g., shelter) as well as a typology of individuals who are most likely to use groupings of services among 249 homeless youth. Our results revealed that the majority of homeless young people have used food programs (66%) and street outreach (65%) on at least one occasion within the past year. Cluster analysis of services revealed four distinct groups: (1) basic survival service use, characterized by above average shelter, food, and outreach service use, but below average on counseling, substance abuse/ mental health services, and incarceration; (2) multiple service use, which included above average use of all six services; (3) incarceration experience, characterized by above average incarceration experience, but below average use of all other five services; and (4) minimal service use, which included slightly above average use of counseling, but below average use of all other services. These findings have the potential to provide important information that may assist with targeting services to homeless youth.

Kort-Butler, Lisa A.; Tyler, Kimberly A.

2012-01-01

120

Factors Associated With Motivation to Change HIV Risk and Substance Use Behaviors Among Homeless Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study sought to identify and compare variables associated with motivation to change alcohol, drug use, and HIV risk behaviors among a sample of homeless youths. More frequent alcohol use, older age, and childhood sexual abuse were associated with greater motivation to change alcohol use; higher reported negative consequences of substance use were associated with higher motivation to reduce illicit

Jennifer Collins; Natasha Slesnick

2011-01-01

121

The Child Welfare Response to Youth Violence and Homelessness in the Nineteenth Century.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Notes that the 19th-century problem of street children parallels contemporary problems of homelessness, youth gangs, and violence. Suggests that past and present programs developed to deal with these problems have many similarities and that understanding the origins of both the problems and the child welfare response is crucial to avoiding past…

Nelson, Kristine

1995-01-01

122

No Place Called Home: Life Quality and Purpose of Homeless Youths  

Microsoft Academic Search

Subjective quality of life (SQOL) has been reported to display remarkable resilience to objective circumstances. This is thought to derive from the capacity to interpret experience in positive ways, but is defeated by very adverse circumstances. This raises the question of whether such positive mental devices are able to adequately protect the SQOL of homeless youths, who typically face substantial

Cate Bearsley; Robert A. Cummins

1999-01-01

123

The Economic Crisis Hits Home: The Unfolding Increase in Child & Youth Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|While the economic downturn has appropriately become the top priority of policy makers, one element of the crisis has gone largely unnoticed: its impact on children and youth. Largely due to the economic and housing crises, many school districts across the country report increases in the number of homeless students in the classroom. "The Economic…

Duffield, Barbara; Lovell, Phillip

2008-01-01

124

Alternative Methods To Estimate the Number of Homeless Children and Youth. Final Report. Research Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the results of a federally mandated study done to determine the best means of identifying, locating, and counting homeless children and youth, for the purpose of facilitating their successful participation in school and other educational activities. Several alternative approaches to obtaining consistent national estimates of…

Burt, Martha R.

125

The Power of the Drug, Nature of Support, and their Impact on Homeless Youth  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to explore homeless youths’ perspectives on the power of drugs in their lives, the preferred type of drugs used, barriers to treatment, and strategies to prevent drug initiation and abuse. This was a descriptive, qualitative study using focus groups with a purposeful sample of 24 homeless drug-using youth. The results provided insight into the lives of drug-using homeless youth. Most commonly-used drugs were marijuana and alcohol. Reported reasons for drug use were parental drug use, low self-esteem, and harsh living conditions on the streets. Barriers to treatment were pleasurable enjoyment of the drug, physical dependence, and non-empathetic mental health providers. Strategies to prevent initiation and abuse of drugs were creative activities, such as art, sports, and music, and disdain for parental/family drug use and abuse. Comparative research is needed on specific personal factors that cause initiation and deterrence of drugs use/abuse among homeless youth.

Hudson, Angela L.; Nyamathi, Adeline; Slagle, Alexandra; Greengold, Barbara; Griffin, Deborah Koniak; Khalilifard, Farinaz; Gedzoff, Danny; Reid, Courtney

2010-01-01

126

Correlates of engaging in survival sex among homeless youth and young adults.  

PubMed

Using a sample of 1,625 homeless youth and young adults aged 10 to 25 from 28 different states in the United States, this study examines the correlates of having engaged in survival sex. Findings suggest that differences exist based on demographic variables (gender, age, race, and sexual orientation), lifetime drug use (inhalants, Valium™, crack cocaine, alcohol, Coricidin™, and morphine), recent drug use (alcohol, ecstasy, heroin, and methamphetamine), mental health variables (suicide attempts, familial history of substance use, and having been in substance abuse treatment), and health variables (sharing needles and having been tested for HIV). In addition to replicating previous findings, this study's findings suggest that African American youth; gay, lesbian, or bisexual youth; and youth who had been tested for HIV were significantly more likely to have engaged in survival sex than White, heterosexual youth, and youth who had not been tested for HIV, respectively. Implications for interventions with youth and suggestions for future research are discussed. PMID:20799134

Walls, N Eugene; Bell, Stephanie

2011-05-24

127

A Review of Services and Interventions for Runaway and Homeless Youth: Moving Forward  

PubMed Central

Research focused on the impact of community-based services and treatment interventions designed to intervene in the lives of runaway and homeless youth has increased in the last two decades in the U.S. and internationally. In light of the tremendous need for identifying effective strategies to end homelessness and its associated problems among youth, this paper summarizes and critiques the findings of the extant literature including U.S., international, and qualitative studies. Thirty-two papers met criteria for inclusion in the review. Among the conclusions are that comprehensive interventions which target the varied and interconnected needs of these youth and families may be worthy of more study than studies that isolate the intervention focus on one problem. Also, more research incorporating design strategies that increase the reliability and validity of study findings is needed. Other preliminary conclusions and future directions are offered.

Slesnick, Natasha; Dashora, Pushpanjali; Letcher, Amber; Erdem, Gizem; Serovich, Julianne

2009-01-01

128

Risk\\/Protective Factors Associated with Substance Use Among Runaway\\/Homeless Youth Utilizing Emergency Shelter Services Nationwide  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rates of alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use among runaway\\/homeless youth are substantially higher than found among American high school students. To understand the risk and protective factors associated with substance use, this study (1) assessed cigarette, alcohol, and marijuana use among a national sample of runaway\\/homeless youth, (2) identified risk\\/protective factors associated with lifetime substance use, and (3) examined risk\\/protective

Sanna J. Thompson

2005-01-01

129

The impact of an integrated treatment on HIV risk behavior among homeless youth: a randomized controlled trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

While many studies provide useful information on the risk behaviors in which homeless youth engage, few prior studies evaluate\\u000a Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) risk related reduction strategies. In this study, homeless youth (n = 180) were recruited from a drop-in center and randomly assigned to one of two conditions, either an integrated individual\\u000a cognitive-behavioral treatment and HIV prevention intervention that focused on

Natasha Slesnick; Min Ju Kang

2008-01-01

130

Factors Associated with Motivation to Change HIV Risk and Substance Use Behaviors among Homeless Youth  

PubMed Central

This study sought to identify and compare variables associated with motivation to change alcohol, drug use, and HIV risk behaviors among a sample of homeless youths. More frequent alcohol use, older age, and childhood sexual abuse was associated with greater motivation to change alcohol use; higher reported negative consequences of substance use was associated with higher motivation to reduce illicit drug use. Shorter periods of current homelessness predicted higher motivation to change HIV risk behaviors. Findings suggest these areas might be fruitful targets of intervention efforts to enhance motivation to reduce alcohol and illicit drug use and HIV risk behaviors.

Collins, Jennifer; Slesnick, Natasha

2011-01-01

131

Factors associated with trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder among homeless youth in three U.S. cities: the importance of transience.  

PubMed

Homeless youth experience disproportionately high rates of trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This study examined correlates of trauma and PTSD among homeless youth with a focus on the impact of homeless culture, substance addiction, and mental health challenges. Homeless youth (N = 146) from Los Angeles, California, Denver, Colorado, and St. Louis, Missouri, were recruited from organizations providing services to homeless youth using comparable methods. Results indicate that 57% of respondents had experienced a traumatic event and 24% met criteria for PTSD. A multinomial logistic regression model revealed greater transience, alcohol addiction, mania, and lower self-efficacy predicted PTSD whereas trauma exposure was associated with alcohol addiction only. Findings have implications for screening and intervening with traumatized homeless youth across service settings. PMID:20146399

Bender, Kimberly; Ferguson, Kristin; Thompson, Sanna; Komlo, Chelsea; Pollio, David

2010-02-01

132

A qualitative study of early family histories and transitions of homeless youth.  

PubMed

Using intensive qualitative interviews with 40 homeless youth, this study examined their early family histories for abuse, neglect, and other family problems and the number and types of transitions that youth experienced. Multiple forms of child maltreatment, family alcoholism, drug use, and criminal activity characterized early family histories of many youth. Leaving home because of either running away or being removed by child protective services often resulted in multiple transitions, which regularly included moving from foster care homes to a group home, back to their parents, and then again returning to the streets. Although having experienced family disorganization set youth on trajectories for early independence, there were many unique paths that youth traveled prior to ending up on the streets. PMID:16940403

Tyler, Kimberly A

2006-10-01

133

Reaching the hard to reach: innovative housing for homeless youth through strategic partnerships.  

PubMed

This article features three housing programs designed to target the needs of youth aging out of child welfare. One program combines housing and treatment to move substance-dependent youth off the streets; one combines the resources of Urban Peak, the only licensed homeless and runaway youth shelter in Colorado, with the Denver Department of Human Services to prevent youth in child welfare from discharging to the streets; and one addresses the intense mental health needs of this population. It costs Colorado 53,655 dollars to place a young person in youth corrections for one year and 53,527 dollars for residential treatment. It costs Urban Peak 5378 dollars to move a young person off of the streets. This article describes how data have driven program development and discusses how policy implications and relationships with the public and private sector can leverage additional resources. PMID:15503641

Van Leeuwen, Jamie

134

Position-Specific HIV Risk in a Large Network of Homeless Youth  

PubMed Central

Objectives To add to the body of evidence supporting the relationship between social network structures and health, this study examined interconnections among a sample of runaway and homeless youth (RHY) and how position in the aggregated network structure was associated with HIV risk. Methods Individual and social network data were collected from a sample of 136 RHY. A sociomatrix was generated, network visualization was accomplished with a “spring embedder,” and k-cores were examined. Multivariate logistic regression models assessed the associations between peripheral and non-peripheral network position and recent unprotected sex. Results Small numbers of nominations at the individual level aggregated into a large social network with a visible core, periphery (including isolates), and small clusters. Female youth were more likely to be located in the core as were youth who had been homeless for two years or more. Youth at the periphery of the network were less likely to report unprotected sex and had been homeless for a shorter duration. Conclusions Not only was HIV risk a function of risk-taking youth being connected to other risk-taking youth, but also risk was associated with position in the overall structure of the network. We provide suggestions for effective social network-based prevention programs, need for young women’s housing and health programs, as well as the likely added traction that housing-first programs will have with peripheral youth, for whom the pull of street life is less, which may help them to more successfully engage in the structures and opportunities of housing programs.

Rice, Eric; Milburn, Norweeta G.; Barman-Adhikari, Anamika; Monro, William

2013-01-01

135

Mean Streets: Youth Crime and Homelessness. Cambridge Criminology Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study explores the social worlds of homeless children in two Canadian cities, Toronto and Vancouver, comparing them with the environments of in-home and in-school children from the perspective of the children. Samples of 390 and 482 children were interviewed. The following chapters are included: (1) "Street and School Criminologies"; (2)…

Hagan, John; McCarthy, Bill

136

A Comprehensive Housing Model for Homeless Transition Aged Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

The transition into adulthood can be a challenging period for anyone. Youth entering adulthood must develop the skills needed to become responsible for their own well-being and care. Most people believe that age 18 is too early to expect youth to be independent and able to live on their own. In fact, most believe that youth should not be considered

Dina Wilderson; JoAnn Lee; Eliza Gibson

137

Street-based STD testing and treatment of homeless youth are feasible, acceptable and effective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: Current Centers for Disease Control (CDC) guidelines recommend that sexually trans- mitted disease (STD) screening measures for high-risk populations such as homeless youth prioritize testing in out-of-clinic settings and incorporate new approaches to STD eradication, such as field-delivered testing and treatment and patient-delivered partner therapy (PDPT). Our non- medically trained research staff offered field-based STI testing, field-delivered therapy, and

Colette L. Auerswald; Eiko Sugano; Jonathan M. Ellen; Jeffrey D. Klausner

138

Where Risks and Protective Factors Operate Differently: Homeless Sexual Minority Youth and Suicide Attempts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a sample of 628 homeless youth and young adults from eight US cities, this study examines whether the relationship between\\u000a having been in custody of social services and suicide attempts, and the relationship between engaging in survival sex and\\u000a suicide attempts differ based on sexual orientation. Findings suggest that being in custody of social services is associated\\u000a with a

N. Eugene Walls; Cathryn Potter; James Van Leeuwen

2009-01-01

139

Housing Stability Over Two Years and HIV Risk among Newly Homeless Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

The stability of living situation was examined as a predictor of young people’s HIV-related sexual and drug use acts two years\\u000a after leaving home for the first time. Newly homeless youth aged 12–20 years were recruited in Los Angeles County, California,\\u000a U.S.A. (n = 261) and Melbourne, Australia (n = 165) and followed longitudinally at 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months. Their family history of

Doreen Rosenthal; Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus; Philip Batterham; Shelley Mallett; Eric Rice; Norweeta G. Milburn

2007-01-01

140

Youth with Runaway, Throwaway, and Homeless Experiences...Prevalence, Drug Use, and Other At-Risk Behaviors. A FYSB Research Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Professionals who work with runaway, throwaway, and homeless youth have long known that many of these young people leave home to escape abusive and/or destructive family situations. This update presents the findings of a national study on such children. Results of the study, "Youth with Runaway, Throwaway, and Homeless Experiences: Prevalence,…

Johnson, Bassin, and Shaw, Inc., Silver Spring, MD.

141

Influence of Gang Membership on Negative Affect, Substance Use, and Antisocial Behavior Among Homeless African American Male Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study examined differences between gang-involved and non-gang-involved homeless African American male youth with regard to negative affect, substance use, and antisocial\\/violent behavior. A total of 69 homeless African American young men were recruited from community agencies and completed structured face-to-face interviews. Overall, gang members reported higher rates of negative mental and physical health outcomes than did non-gang members,

Gary W. Harper; Jonathan Davidson; Sybil G. Hosek

2008-01-01

142

Engaging Homeless Youth in Community-Based Participatory Research: A Case Study From Skid Row, Los Angeles.  

PubMed

Growing evidence highlights the benefits to youth of involvement in community-based participatory research. Less attention has been paid, however, to the contributions youth can make to helping change health-promoting policy through such work. We describe a multi-method case study of a policy-focused community-based participatory research project in the Skid Row area of downtown Los Angeles, California, where a small group of homeless youth worked with adult mentors to develop and conduct a survey of 96 homeless youth and used the findings to help secure health-promoting policy change. We review the partnership's work at each stage of the policy-making process; its successes in changing policy regarding recreation, juvenile justice, and education; and the challenges encountered, especially with policy enforcement. We share lessons learned, including the importance of strong adult mentors and of policy environments conducive to sustainable, health-promoting change for marginalized youth. PMID:23384969

Garcia, Analilia P; Minkler, Meredith; Cardenas, Zelenne; Grills, Cheryl; Porter, Charles

2013-02-01

143

Characteristics of Homeless Youth who Use Cocaine and Methamphetamine  

PubMed Central

This cross-sectional hepatitis health promotion study (N = 156) was designed to identify correlates of cocaine and methamphetamine use, among young, homeless persons living in Los Angeles County. Structured questionnaires were administered at baseline to assess sociodemographic characteristics, drug history and social support. Unadjusted analysis showed that older age, having a history of incarceration, injection drug use (IDU), 10 or more sexual partners and sex for money were associated with both cocaine and methamphetamine use. Logistic regression results showed that injection drug users had over 7 times greater odds of using each stimulant compared with non-users of injection drugs; those reporting at least 10 sexual partners and alcohol use in the past 6 months were more likely to use cocaine than their respective counterparts. African-Americans were also less likely than Whites to report cocaine use. Understanding of these relationships can guide interventions targeting the multiple challenges faced by this population.

Nyamathi, Adeline; Hudson, Angela; Greengold, Barbara; Leake, Barbara

2013-01-01

144

Mobilizing Homeless Youth for HIV Prevention: A Social Network Analysis of the Acceptability of a Face-to-Face and Online Social Networking Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of the study is to use social network analysis to examine the acceptability of a youth-led, hybrid face-to-face and online social networking HIV prevention program for homeless youth. Seven peer leaders (PLs) engaged face-to-face homeless youth (F2F) in the creation of digital media projects (e.g. You Tube videos). PL and F2F…

Rice, Eric; Tulbert, Eve; Cederbaum, Julie; Adhikari, Anamika Barman; Milburn, Norweeta G.

2012-01-01

145

Pro-social and problematic social network influences on HIV\\/AIDS risk behaviours among newly homeless youth in Los Angeles  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined the social network composition among newly homeless youth over time and assessed how pro-social and problematic peers affected sexual and drug-using HIV\\/AIDS risk-behaviours among 183 youth in Los Angeles County, California. The percentage of newly homeless youth who reported that ‘most’ or ‘all’ of their friends were attending school, had jobs, and got along with their families was

E. Rice; N. G. Milburn; M. J. Rotheram-Borus

2007-01-01

146

Mobilizing Homeless Youth for HIV Prevention: A Social Network Analysis of the Acceptability of a Face-to-Face and Online Social Networking Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The objective of the study is to use social network analysis to examine the acceptability of a youth-led, hybrid face-to-face and online social networking HIV prevention program for homeless youth. Seven peer leaders (PLs) engaged face-to-face homeless youth (F2F) in the creation of digital media projects (e.g. You Tube videos). PL and F2F…

Rice, Eric; Tulbert, Eve; Cederbaum, Julie; Adhikari, Anamika Barman; Milburn, Norweeta G.

2012-01-01

147

Online Social Networking Technologies, HIV Knowledge, and Sexual Risk and Testing Behaviors Among Homeless Youth  

PubMed Central

This study evaluates associations between online social networking and sexual health behaviors among homeless youth in Los Angeles. We analyzed survey data from 201 homeless youth accessing services at a Los Angeles agency. Multivariate (regression and logistic) models assessed whether use of (and topics discussed on) online social networking technologies affect HIV knowledge, sexual risk behaviors, and testing for sexually transmitted infections (STIs). One set of results suggests that using online social networks for partner seeking (compared to not using the networks for seeking partners) is associated with increased sexual risk behaviors. Supporting data suggest that (1) using online social networks to talk about safe sex is associated with an increased likelihood of having met a recent sex partner online, and (2) having online sex partners and talking to friends on online social networks about drugs and partying is associated with increased exchange sex. However, results also suggest that online social network usage is associated with increased knowledge and HIV/STI prevention among homeless youth: (1) using online social networks to talk about love and safe sex is associated with increased knowledge about HIV, (2) using the networks to talk about love is associated with decreased exchange sex, and (3) merely being a member of an online social network is associated with increased likelihood of having previously tested for STIs. Taken together, this study suggests that online social networking and the topics discussed on these networks can potentially increase and decrease sexual risk behaviors depending on how the networks are used. Developing sexual health services and interventions on online social networks could reduce sexual risk behaviors.

Rice, Eric

2010-01-01

148

Substance abuse and high-risk needle-related behaviors among homeless youth in Minneapolis: implications for prevention.  

PubMed

Homeless and runaway youth face a variety of health risks, including those related to substance abuse and use of unsterile needles. During 1998-1999, we recruited 201 Minneapolis homeless youths aged 15-22 years; these youths were interviewed by experienced street outreach workers from settings where street youth were known to congregate. Respondents spent a median of 6 months in the previous year living on the streets or "couch hopping." There were 37% who reported having 15 or more alcoholic drinks per week, 41% smoked 1 pack or more of cigarettes per day, and 37% used marijuana 3 or more times a week; 15% reported lifetime injection drug use, including 6% who used injection drugs within the previous month. Twenty percent had received a tattoo, and 18% body piercing with a needle that had not been sterilized or had been used by someone else. There were 68% who had been tested for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), 52% for hepatitis B, and 25% for hepatitis C. There were 44% who said they did not have enough information about hepatitis B and C. Less than half (43%) received hepatitis B vaccine; however, 51% of unvaccinated youths indicated that they would receive vaccination if offered. These Midwestern homeless youths face multiple health risks, including those related to substance use and exposure to unsterile needles. Despite unsafe behaviors, many of these youths were interested in methods to protect their health, including education, knowing their HIV or viral hepatitis serostatus, and obtaining hepatitis B immunization. PMID:11796815

Lifson, A R; Halcón, L L

2001-12-01

149

Influence of gang membership on negative affect, substance use, and antisocial behavior among homeless African American male youth.  

PubMed

The current study examined differences between gang-involved and non-gang-involved homeless African American male youth with regard to negative affect, substance use, and antisocial/violent behavior. A total of 69 homeless African American young men were recruited from community agencies and completed structured face-to-face interviews. Overall, gang members reported higher rates of negative mental and physical health outcomes than did non-gang members, with current gang members reporting higher levels of depression and anxiety, greater levels of antisocial and violent behavior, and higher levels of lifetime alcohol and marijuana use. Multiple linear regression analyses revealed that greater levels of gang involvement were associated with more frequent lifetime use of alcohol and marijuana and higher levels of participation in violent behaviors. Implications of these findings for interventions with homeless African American male youth and future research directions are discussed. PMID:19477786

Harper, Gary W; Davidson, Jonathan; Hosek, Sybil G

2008-01-23

150

Association between drug use patterns and HIV risks among homeless, runaway, and street youth in Northern California  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined relationships between drug use patterns and HIV risk behaviors among 1121 street-recruited homeless, runaway, and `street youth' in Northern California. Comparisons demonstrated that youth using any heroin, methamphetamine, or cocaine exhibited more sexual risks than non-users, while primary stimulant and combined heroin\\/stimulant users showed greatest sexual risk. Combined heroin\\/stimulant injectors showed higher risk injection practices than primary heroin

Alice A. Gleghorn; Rani Marx; Eric Vittinghoff; Mitchell H. Katz

1998-01-01

151

Homeless Gay and Transgender Youth of Color in San Francisco: “No One Likes Street Kids”—Even in the Castro  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study, focused on five transgender and gay youth of color from San Francisco, explored how family problems, poverty, homophobia, and transphobia propelled them into homelessness and made gay-friendly spaces and resources especially meaningful to them. These young people describe seeking support in San Francisco's well-known gay enclave, the Castro District, to form community and find safety from a homophobic

Jen Reck

2009-01-01

152

Educating Homeless Children and Youth: How Are We Measuring Up? A Progress Report, School Year 1990-91.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report measures how well Maryland educators are working together to provide a public education that meets the long- and short-term needs of homeless children and youth by providing environments that support their physical, social, and emotional growth. It outlines accomplishments for the 1990-91 school year, recommends ways of addressing…

Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore. Div. of Compensatory Education and Support Services.

153

The Mediating Roles of Stress and Maladaptive Behaviors on Self-Harm and Suicide Attempts among Runaway and Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Runaway and homeless youth often have a constellation of background behavioral, emotional, and familial problems that contribute to stress and maladaptive behaviors, which, in turn, can lead to self-harming and suicidal behaviors. The current study examined the roles of stress and maladaptive behaviors as mediators between demographic and…

Moskowitz, Amanda; Stein, Judith A.; Lightfoot, Marguerita

2013-01-01

154

The European Young Homelessness Group. Final Report of the Symposium on "Shut Out Youth" (Strasbourg, France, October 25-30, 1987).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This final report from the symposium on shut out youth concentrates on the problems of homeless young people in European cities. Remarks and recommendations of the symposium are reviewed. Homelessness is a growing trend among young people in Europe and most governments show little recognition of the problem. There is little social policy and…

Killeen, Damian

155

Are there homeless youth in my community? Differences of perception between service providers and high school youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

While teen homelessness, like all homelessness, is increasing, there have been few solid estimates of the actual number of teens effected. A twofold methodology to count homeless teens was used in the Seacoast region of New Hampshire and Maine. Social service agencies were contacted to obtain a count of homeless adolescents, and over 3000 high school age teens were surveyed

Yvonne Vissing; Joseph Diament

1995-01-01

156

Substance Use and Other Risk Factors for Unprotected Sex: Results From An Event-Based Study of Homeless Youth  

PubMed Central

This study used an event-based approach to understand condom use in a probability sample of 309 homeless youth recruited from service and street sites in Los Angeles County. Condom use was significantly less likely when hard drug use preceded sex, the relationship was serious, the partners talked about “pulling out”, or sex occurred in a non-private place (and marginally less likely when heavier drinking preceded sex, or the partnership was monogamous or abusive). Condom use was significantly more likely when the youth held positive condom attitudes or were concerned about pregnancy, the partners talked about condom use, and the partners met up by chance. This study extends previous work by simultaneously examining a broad range of individual, relationship, and contexual factors that may play a role in condom use. Results identify a number of actionable targets for programs aimed at reducing HIV/STI transmission and pregnancy risk among homeless youth.

Tucker, Joan S.; Ryan, Gery W.; Golinelli, Daniela; Munjas, Brett; Wenzel, Suzanne L.; Kennedy, David P.; Green, Harold D.; Zhou, Annie

2011-01-01

157

Substance use and other risk factors for unprotected sex: results from an event-based study of homeless youth.  

PubMed

This study used an event-based approach to understand condom use in a probability sample of 309 homeless youth recruited from service and street sites in Los Angeles County. Condom use was significantly less likely when hard drug use preceded sex, the relationship was serious, the partners talked about "pulling out", or sex occurred in a non-private place (and marginally less likely when heavier drinking preceded sex, or the partnership was monogamous or abusive). Condom use was significantly more likely when the youth held positive condom attitudes or were concerned about pregnancy, the partners talked about condom use, and the partners met up by chance. This study extends previous work by simultaneously examining a broad range of individual, relationship, and contexual factors that may play a role in condom use. Results identify a number of actionable targets for programs aimed at reducing HIV/STI transmission and pregnancy risk among homeless youth. PMID:21932093

Tucker, Joan S; Ryan, Gery W; Golinelli, Daniela; Ewing, Brett; Wenzel, Suzanne L; Kennedy, David P; Green, Harold D; Zhou, Annie

2012-08-01

158

Psychopathology in African Unaccompanied Refugee Minors in Austria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We assessed the prevalence of a range of psychopathology among African unaccompanied refugee minors (URMs) in Austria. Additionally, the predictive value of war exposure on PTSD symptoms was examined. Forty-one URMs were assessed with the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview for children and adolescents, the Youth Self-Report, the UCLA…

Huemer, Julia; Karnik, Niranjan; Voelkl-Kernstock, Sabine; Granditsch, Elisabeth; Plattner, Belinda; Friedrich, Max; Steiner, Hans

2011-01-01

159

Psychopathology in African Unaccompanied Refugee Minors in Austria  

Microsoft Academic Search

We assessed the prevalence of a range of psychopathology among African unaccompanied refugee minors (URMs) in Austria. Additionally,\\u000a the predictive value of war exposure on PTSD symptoms was examined. Forty-one URMs were assessed with the Mini-International\\u000a Neuropsychiatric Interview for children and adolescents, the Youth Self-Report, the UCLA PTSD Reaction Index and Facts About\\u000a You. As expected, 56% of youth had

Julia Huemer; Niranjan Karnik; Sabine Voelkl-Kernstock; Elisabeth Granditsch; Belinda Plattner; Max Friedrich; Hans Steiner

2011-01-01

160

45 CFR 1351.19 - What additional information should an applicant or grantee have about a Runaway and Homeless...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...applicant or grantee have about a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant? 1351.19 Section...FAMILY AND YOUTH SERVICES BUREAU RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH PROGRAM Runaway and Homeless Youth Program Grant § 1351.19...

2010-10-01

161

45 CFR 1351.19 - What additional information should an applicant or grantee have about a Runaway and Homeless...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...applicant or grantee have about a Runaway and Homeless Youth Program grant? 1351.19 Section...FAMILY AND YOUTH SERVICES BUREAU RUNAWAY AND HOMELESS YOUTH PROGRAM Runaway and Homeless Youth Program Grant § 1351.19...

2009-10-01

162

Art Messaging as a Medium to Engage Homeless Young Adults Art Messaging as a Medium to Engage Homeless Youth  

PubMed Central

Background Art has been shown to be an empowering and engaging entity with numerous benefits to vulnerable populations, including the homeless persons and young adults. Yet, little is known how homeless young adults perceive the use of art as messages that can communicate the danger of initiating or continuing drug and alcohol use. Objectives The purpose of this study was to solicit perspectives of homeless drug-using young adults as to how art can be used to design messages for their peers about the danger of initiating or continuing drug and alcohol use. Methods Qualitative methodology via focus group discussions was utilized to engage 24 homeless young adults enrolled from a drop-in site in Santa Monica. Results The findings revealed support for a myriad of delivery styles, including in person communication, flyers, music, documentary film and creative writing. The young adults also provided insight into the importance of the thematic framework of messages. Such themes ranged from empowering and hopeful messages to those designed to scare young homeless adults into not experimenting with drugs. Conclusions The findings indicate that in addition to messages communicating the need to prevent or reduce drug and alcohol use, homeless young adults respond to messages that remind them of goals and dreams they once had for their future, and to content that is personal, real and truthful. . Our research indicates that messages that reinforce protective factors such as hope for the future and self-esteem may be as important to homeless young adults as information about the risks and consequences of drug use.

Nyamathi, Adeline; Slagle, Alexandra; Thomas, Alexandra; Hudson, Angela; Khalilifard, Farinaz; Avila, Glenna; Orser, Julie; Cuchilla, Manuel

2013-01-01

163

Six- and Twelve-Month Outcomes among Homeless Youth Accessing Therapy and Case Management Services through an Urban Drop-in Center  

PubMed Central

Research Objective To evaluate the impact of case management and individual therapy offered through a drop-in center for homeless youth on substance use, mental health, housing, education, employment, and medical care utilization. Study Population All youth (n=172) between the ages of 14–24 who accessed treatment services through an urban, southwestern drop-in center were included. Data Source Semistructured and self-report questionnaires were administered to youth between October 2002 and April 2005. Study Design A repeated measures design was utilized. Youth were assessed at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months postbaseline. Hierarchical linear modeling was used to test the hypotheses. Principal Findings Statistically significant improvements were found in substance abuse, mental health, and percent days housed up to 12 months postbaseline. Decreased alcohol and drug use was associated with an increase in housing. However, most youth did not acquire permanent housing, and education, employment, and medical service utilization did not significantly change over time. Conclusions While treatment offered through drop-in centers for homeless youth can positively impact homeless youth, policy, funding, and service provision need greater focus, collaboration, and support if youth homelessness is to be successfully addressed.

Slesnick, Natasha; Kang, Min Ju; Bonomi, Amy E; Prestopnik, Jillian L

2008-01-01

164

Opening doors for all American youth? Evidence for federal homelessness policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is estimated that on a single night in January 2009, there were 643,067 sheltered and unsheltered homeless people in America (The 2009 Annual Homeless Assessment Report to Congress 2010). The Obama administration recently published “Opening Doors,” the first federal plan to prevent and end homelessness. We argue that the strategy is based on a partial evidence base that raises

Katherine H. Shelton; Peter Mackie; Marianne van den Bree; Pamela J. Taylor; Sarah Evans

2012-01-01

165

Families on the Edge: Homeless Young Parents and Their Welfare Experiences. A Survey of Homeless Youth and Service Providers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines the experiences of homeless young parents with the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program, which can be an important tool in helping them achieve long-term stability and economic self-sufficiency. The 1996 welfare reform act included special provisions that applied only to minor teen parents, requiring them to…

Reeg, Bob; Grisham, Christine; Shepard, Annie

166

Increased Substance Use and Risky Sexual Behavior among Migratory Homeless Youth: Exploring the Role of Social Network Composition  

PubMed Central

Travelers are a migratory subgroup of homeless youth who may be especially prone to engaging in risky behavior. This study compared the substance use and sexual behavior of young homeless travelers and non-travelers to evaluate the extent and possible sources of travelers' increased risk. Data came from face-to-face interviews with 419 homeless youth (36.6% female, 34.0% white, 23.9% African American, and 20.0% Hispanic) between the ages of 13 and 24 years (M = 20.1 years, SD = 2.5) who were randomly sampled from 41 shelters, drop-in centers, and street sites in Los Angeles. Travelers were almost twice as likely as non-travelers to exhibit recent heavy drinking, 37% more likely to exhibit recent marijuana use, and five times as likely to have injected drugs. Travelers also had more recent sex partners and were more likely to report having casual or need-based sexual partners and combining sex with substance use. Mediation analyses suggest that travelers' deviant peer associations and disconnection to conventional individuals and institutions may drive their elevated substance use. Differences in sexual risk behaviors are likely attributable to demographic differences between the two groups. Overall, these differences between travelers and non-travelers suggest different service needs and the need for different service approaches.

Martino, Steven C.; Tucker, Joan S.; Ryan, Gery; Wenzel, Suzanne L.; Golinelli, Daniela; Munjas, Brett

2011-01-01

167

Mobilizing homeless youth for HIV prevention: a social network analysis of the acceptability of a face-to-face and online social networking intervention  

PubMed Central

The objective of the study is to use social network analysis to examine the acceptability of a youth-led, hybrid face-to-face and online social networking HIV prevention program for homeless youth.Seven peer leaders (PLs) engaged face-to-face homeless youth (F2F) in the creation of digital media projects (e.g. You Tube videos). PL and F2F recruited online youth (OY) to participate in MySpace and Facebook communities where digital media was disseminated and discussed. The resulting social networks were assessed with respect to size, growth, density, relative centrality of positions and homophily of ties. Seven PL, 53 F2F and 103 OY created two large networks. After the first 50 F2F youth participated, online networks entered a rapid growth phase. OY were among the most central youth in these networks. Younger aged persons and females were disproportionately connected to like youth. The program appears highly acceptable to homeless youth. Social network analysis revealed which PL were the most critical to the program and which types of participants (younger youth and females) may require additional outreach efforts in the future.

Rice, Eric; Tulbert, Eve; Cederbaum, Julie; Barman Adhikari, Anamika; Milburn, Norweeta G.

2012-01-01

168

Invited commentary: seeking a coherent strategy in our response to homeless and street-involved youth: a historical review and suggested future directions.  

PubMed

This invited commentary seeks to encourage a critical dialogue about youth homelessness that might assist in re-energizing a field that seems increasingly stagnant with a research body focused primarily on analyses of risk, hopelessly inadequate policy frameworks in most cities, diminishing funds for services, and decreasing media attention. Reviewing major trends in research and public responses to youth homelessness in the past century, I propose that there exist three major culturally-bound dimensions from which we construct our understanding of and responses to youth homelessness. These dimensions, which are considered in a transactional framework, are the scope of responsibility, the location of moral responsibility, and the amount of agency attributed to the youth. In this review I highlight the manner in which our historically binary and uncritical understanding of these dimensional characterizations of youth homelessness has led to major lapses in the effectiveness of our collective efforts to address this problem. I highlight gaps in the existing body of research literature and provide this framework, arguing that a strategic and cohesive response is vital if we are to move from reiterations of risk and hackneyed calls for prevention strategies to the generation of meaningful solutions. PMID:22302217

Kidd, Sean

2012-05-01

169

“I don't like to live nowhere but here”: The shelter as mediator of U.S. homeless youth's identity formation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Identity formation, from a sociocultural perspective, involves people choosing from among the variety of historical and cultural resources available to them for living their values, making a commitment to a particular life course, and grounding their hope in the future. Researchers in the past have argued that homeless shelters provide few such resources for children and youth to form healthy

William R. Penuel; Tim L. Davey

1999-01-01

170

Invited Commentary: Seeking a Coherent Strategy in Our Response to Homeless and Street-Involved Youth--A Historical Review and Suggested Future Directions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This invited commentary seeks to encourage a critical dialogue about youth homelessness that might assist in re-energizing a field that seems increasingly stagnant with a research body focused primarily on analyses of risk, hopelessly inadequate policy frameworks in most cities, diminishing funds for services, and decreasing media attention.…

Kidd, Sean

2012-01-01

171

Family and Youth Services Bureau  

MedlinePLUS

... We Do Positive Youth Development Interoperability Collaborations Leadership Help for Families & Youth Programs Runaway & Homeless Youth Family Violence Prevention & Services Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention ...

172

Q&A: Questions and Answers Guide on the Education of Children and Youth in Homeless Situations. Opening the Doors of Public Education for Children and Youth in Texas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides school administrators, teachers, staff, shelter personnel, social service providers, and others with information on the education of homeless children and youth in Texas. It covers a broad range of topics with information on current federal and state laws and policies, educational programs and services, and state and…

Texas Univ., Austin. Office for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth.

173

Homeless adolescents: Common clinical concerns  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homeless youth are at alarmingly high risk for a myriad of physical and psychological problems as a result of both the circumstances that prededed their homelessness, and as a direct consequence of life on the streets. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs), pregnancy, trauma, tuberculosis, uncontrolled asthma, and dermatologic infestations are a few of the health problems with which these youth commonly

Jennifer Feldmann; Amy B. Middleman

2003-01-01

174

CBP's Handling of Unaccompanied Alien Children.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Flores v. Reno Settlement Agreement governs the policy for the treatment of unaccompanied alien children in federal custody. Unaccompanied alien children are minors less than 18 years old who arrive in the United States without a parent or legal guard...

2010-01-01

175

Trials, Tribulations, and Occasional Jubilations while Conducting Research with Homeless Children, Youth, and Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A personal account of a program of research on homelessness and poverty spanning the past 20 years is provided, with a focus on the many methodological, practical, and ethical difficulties encountered. Interesting discoveries and enjoyable aspects of the research process are also presented. Several role conflicts that arose for the researcher in…

Toro, Paul A.

2006-01-01

176

Out of work and house and home: Contested youth in an english homeless hostel  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing on fieldwork in England, this article considers a group of unemployed teenagers in occasional residence at a hostel for the homeless, examining their attitudes to work, welfare and adulthood. Interactions between the hostel staff and these young people are discussed. Staff and residents are shown to be at odds over how best to make sense of and respond to

Tom Hall

2006-01-01

177

Learning Difficulties in Adolescent Clients of a Shelter for Runaway and Homeless Street Youths.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examined prevalence of arithmetic and reading difficulties in adolescents at a homeless/runaway shelter. Found that 52% had reading disability, 28.5% had arithmetic/written work difficulty, and 19.5% were achieving normally. Also found that groups did not differ in reported history of such things as substance abuse, maltreatment, court…

Barwick, Melanie A.; Siegel, Linda S.

1996-01-01

178

Reaching homeless youths for Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae screening in Denver, Colorado  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and rationale: The availability of urine based testing for Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (GC) provides a unique opportunity to screen for these pathogens outside traditional clinical settings. The researchers investigated the feasibility of street based CT\\/GC screen- ing in the context of an outreach programme among street\\/homeless adolescents in Denver. Objectives: To describe the integration of urine

J M Van Leeuwen; T LeRoux; R White; J Petersen

2002-01-01

179

Homelessness prevention for former foster youth: Utilization of transitional housing programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article compares two groups of foster care alumni residing in transitional living programs in San Francisco, California. One group of youth was served in programs geared specifically towards youth aging out of foster care who were referred through a transition planning process. A second group of youth was served in similar transitional housing programs that were not exclusively for

Stephanie Brown; Dina Wilderson

2010-01-01

180

Homeless Youths and Young Adults in Los Angeles: Prevalence of Mental Health Problems and the Relationship Between Mental Health and Substance Abuse Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although understanding of the subsistence patterns, service utilization, and HIV-risk behaviors of homeless youths and young adults is increasing, relatively little is known about the epidemiology of mental health problems in this group or the relationships between mental health problems and substance use. This study measured symptoms of depression, low self-esteem, ADHD, suicidality, self-injurious behavior (SIB), and drug and alcohol

Jennifer B. Unger; Michele D. Kipke; Thomas R. Simon; Susanne B. Montgomery; Christine J. Johnson

1997-01-01

181

76 FR 11254 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Declaration of Unaccompanied Articles  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection Activities: Declaration of Unaccompanied Articles AGENCY...collection requirement concerning the Declaration of Unaccompanied Articles (CBP Form...information collection: Title: Declaration of Unaccompanied Articles. OMB...

2011-03-01

182

Quality of life themes in Canadian adults and street youth who are homeless or hard-to-house: A multi-site focus group study  

PubMed Central

Background The aim of this study was to identify what is most important to the quality of life (QoL) of those who experience homelessness by directly soliciting the views of homeless and hard-to-house Canadians themselves. These individuals live within a unique social context that differs considerably from that of the general population. To understand the life areas that are most important to them, it is critical to have direct input from target populations of homeless and hard-to-house persons. Methods Focus groups were conducted with 140 individuals aged 15 to 73?years who were homeless or hard-to-house to explore the circumstances in which they were living and to capture what they find to be important and relevant domains of QoL. Participants were recruited in Toronto, Ottawa, Montreal, and Vancouver. Content analysis was used to analyze the data. Results Six major content themes emerged: Health/health care; Living conditions; Financial situation; Employment situation; Relationships; and Recreational and leisure activities. These themes were linked to broader concepts that included having choices, stability, respect, and the same rights as other members of society. Conclusions These findings not only aid our understanding of QoL in this group, but may be used to develop measures that capture QoL in this population and help programs and policies become more effective in improving the life situation for persons who are homeless and hard-to-house. Quality of life themes in Canadian adults and street youth who are homeless or hard-to-house: A multi-site focus group study.

2012-01-01

183

Estrangement factors associated with addiction to alcohol and drugs among homeless youth in three U.S. cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substance use is highly prevalent among homeless, street-involved young people. Societal estrangement is often associated with substance use, particularly among this population. The current study sought to identify four domains of social estrangement (disaffiliation, human capital, identification with homeless culture, and psychological dysfunction) in relation to alcohol and drug addiction. Homeless young adults were recruited from three disparate urban areas:

Sanna Thompson; Jina Jun; Kimberly Bender; Kristin M. Ferguson; David E. Pollio

2010-01-01

184

Comparison of Social Estrangement Among Youth Who Are Accessing Homeless Services in St. Louis, Missouri and Austin, Texas  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to compare young people seeking homeless services in two distinct geographic locations (Austin, Texas and St. Louis, Missouri). To determine differences between the two populations, the study used a guiding conceptual model of social estrangement that included four domains: institutional disaffiliation, psychological dysfunction, human capital, and identification with homeless culture. A sample of homeless

Kimberly Bender; Sanna J. Thompson; David E. Pollio; Paul R. Sterzing

2010-01-01

185

Homeless Children: Addressing the Challenge in Rural Schools. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite stereotypes to the contrary, homelessness is as prevalent in rural as urban areas. This digest examines the implications of homelessness for rural children and youth and discusses possible actions by rural educators. An estimated half of the rural homeless are families with children. Compared to urban counterparts, rural homeless families…

Vissing, Yvonne M.

186

Adapting A Family-Based HIV Prevention Program for Homeless Youth and Their Families: The HOPE (HIV prevention Outreach for Parents and Early adolescents) Family Program  

PubMed Central

As rates of HIV infection increase in adolescents, it is important to provide prevention programs targeting this population. Homeless adolescents living with their families in shelters are at greater risk of participating in risky sexual behavior and incurring negative health outcomes. A family based HIV-prevention pilot study was conducted with eight homeless families in a New York City shelter to explore: 1) the perceived impact of family communication, parental monitoring, family understanding of puberty, STD's and HIV on preventing risky behavior for the participating youth, and 2) the feasibility of conducting such a program within the shelter system. Qualitative and quantitative results indicate increased family communication, parental monitoring and decreased parental depressive symptoms.

Messam, Taiwanna; McKay, Mary M.; Kalogerogiannis, Kosta; Alicea, Stacey

2009-01-01

187

A Comparison of Weight-Related Behaviors among High School Students Who Are Homeless and Non-Homeless  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: Previous research has shown that youth who are homeless engage in high-risk behaviors. However, there has been little information published on nutritional and physical activity behaviors in this population, and studies comparing homeless youth in school with their non-homeless peers are scarce. This study compares weight-related risk…

Fournier, Mary E.; Austin, S. Bryn; Samples, Cathryn L.; Goodenow, Carol S.; Wylie, Sarah A.; Corliss, Heather L.

2009-01-01

188

Ending child homelessness in America.  

PubMed

Approximately 1.5 million children experience homelessness in America each year. The current economic recession and staggering numbers of housing foreclosures have caused the numbers of homeless families to increase dramatically. The impact of homelessness on families and children is devastating. Without a place to call home, children are severely challenged by unpredictability, dislocation, and chaos. Homelessness and exposure to traumatic stresses place them at high risk for poor mental health outcomes. Despite the pressing needs of these children, federal policy during the last decade has focused primarily on chronically homeless adult individuals-to the exclusion of the families. In 2010, however, the U.S. Interagency Council on Homelessness issued a comprehensive plan to eradicate homelessness for all people through interagency collaboration and aligning mainstream services. A key goal is to prevent and end homelessness for families, youth, and children within 10 years. This policy-focused article describes several tools that can be used to help achieve this goal, including: general principles of care for serving homeless families and children; BSAFE-a promising practice that helps families access community-based services and supports; and the Campaign to End Child Homelessness aimed at action on behalf of homeless families and children at the national, state, and local levels. PMID:20950290

Bassuk, Ellen L

2010-10-01

189

Reasons for homelessness: An empirical typology  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated patterns of situational characteristics and service use among youth residing at metropolitan area homeless shelters. One hundred and three youth provided ratings on a five-point scale comprised of 17 reasons for becoming homeless. Cluster analysis yielded five distinct reason typologies: destitute, threatened, pregnant, resistant, and partnered. Demographic, social, and treatment characteristics were analyzed across groups, and a concurrent

Hillary J. Heinze; Debra M. Hernandez Jozefowicz; Paul A. Toro; Logan R. Blue

2012-01-01

190

Estrangement Factors Associated with Addiction to Alcohol and Drugs among Homeless Youth in Three U. S. Cities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Substance use is highly prevalent among homeless, street-involved young people. Societal estrangement is often associated with substance use, particularly among this population. The current study sought to identify four domains of social estrangement (disaffiliation, human capital, identification with homeless culture, and psychological…

Thompson, Sanna; Jun, Jina; Bender, Kimberly; Ferguson, Kristin M.; Pollio, David E.

2010-01-01

191

Education for Homeless Children and Youth. 1995-96 McKinney Funded Projects End of Year Reports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the 1995-96 school year, seven Colorado school districts, including urban districts, received grants under the federal McKinney Program for the homeless (Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assistance Act). The grant awards totaled $225,580 and served a total of 2,100 children. Although the same number of districts were funded as in the preceding…

Connell, Karen; Milenkiewicz, Margie

192

Unaccompanied Asian Secondary Students Studying in Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research examined the facilitating and hindering events associated with the transition and adjustment of Asian adolescent international students--that is, unaccompanied secondary school students studying abroad. Twenty-one male and female participants attending three urban secondary schools in Western Canada were interviewed using the…

Popadiuk, Natalee E.

2009-01-01

193

Service utilization among homeless and runaway youth in Los Angeles, California: rates and reasons 1 1 An incorrect version of the following article (De Rosa CJ, Montgomery SB, Kipke MD, Iverson E, Ma JL, Unger JB. Service utilization among homeless and runaway youth in Los Angeles, California: Rates and reasons. J Adolesc Health 1999;24:190–200.) was published in the March 1999 issue of this Journal. 2 2 Following is the corrected version of this article in its entirety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To describe the service utilization patterns of homeless and runaway youth in a “service-rich” area of Los Angeles, California; identify demographic and other correlates of utilization; and contextualize the findings with qualitative data.Method: During Phase 1 of this study, survey data were collected from an ethnically diverse sample of 296 youth aged 13–23 years, recruited from both service and

Christine J De Rosa; Susanne B Montgomery; Michele D Kipke; Ellen Iverson; Joanne L Ma; Jennifer B Unger

1999-01-01

194

76 FR 27079 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Declaration of Unaccompanied Articles  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection Activities: Declaration of Unaccompanied Articles AGENCY...the Paperwork Reduction Act: Declaration of Unaccompanied Articles (CBP Form...forms of information. Title: Declaration of Unaccompanied Articles. OMB...

2011-05-10

195

Overcoming Educational Disadvantage: Shelter Initiatives for Homeless Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This project addresses the challenges confronting children living in Massachusetts homeless shelters, with particular attention to these youths’ education as well as the services that family shelters provide to support their academic achievement. With 1.35 million homeless children living in the United States each year (“How Many People Experience Homelessness?”, 2009), it is imperative that this population receives a quality

Diana DeMont

2012-01-01

196

Homeless Adolescents in the United States: An Overview for Pediatricians  

Microsoft Academic Search

An estimated 100 million children and adolescents are homeless in the world; about half of these are in the Western hemisphere. In the United States most homeless youth are adolescents who run away from home. Current estimates suggest that there are be- tween 1.3 and 1.5 million runaway and homeless adolescents at any given time in the United States. Families

Dilip R. Patel; Donald E. Greydanus

2002-01-01

197

Homeless Young Adults and Behavioral HealthAn Overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young adults (ages 18-24) are especially vulnerable to homelessness in the United States, and those experiencing homelessness exhibit high prevalence for many kinds of abuse and negative health outcomes. This article reviews common behavioral health issues facing homeless youth and assesses collective wisdom on effective treatments and services for this vulnerable population. On the whole, the research remains focused on

Suzanne Zerger; Aaron J. Strehlow; Adi V. Gundlapalli

2008-01-01

198

Housing, Homelessness, and Mental Health in Great Britain  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article introduces new initiatives in homelessness legislation, in funding resettlement support, and in health services for different homeless populations (i.e., single, youth, and family homeless) and discusses the different rates of mental illness among these populations in Great Britain. It reviews studies that indicate the strong role played by permanent resettlement in reducing rates of neurosis among all three

Joan Smith

2005-01-01

199

School Help for Homeless Children with Disabilities: Information for Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is difficult for families dealing with homelessness to enroll their children in school and ensure their daily attendance. The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act gives homeless children and youth the right to enroll in school immediately, even if they do not have documents that are usually required for enrollment. The Individuals with…

National Center for Homeless Education at SERVE, 2007

2007-01-01

200

Education Rights of Homeless Students: A Guide for Advocates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is no question that students who are homeless, like all students, are entitled to be educated. A federal law, known as the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act, requires states to provide homeless children and youth with the same access to free public education as is available to other students. The Act also requires states to eliminate…

Education Law Center, 2005

2005-01-01

201

What about America's Homeless Children? Hide and Seek. Sage Sourcebooks for the Human Services Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book aims to present what is known about homeless children and to let the stories of some homeless families make their situations clear. The first part of the book covers the background and social, educational, and health issues of homeless children, with a discussion of causes. Part 2 presents some stories of homeless youth and families,…

Shane, Paul G.

202

Survival Strategies of Male Homeless Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: A total of 1.7 million youth are homeless in America and nearly half are lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender. The purpose of this study is to investigate survival strategies, anxiety, and self-esteem among male homeless adolescents. Objectives: This study tested two hypotheses: (a) Survival strategies of homeless adolescents differ by sexual orientation\\/gender identity. (b) There is a relationship between

Laura C. Hein

2011-01-01

203

Problems of Runaway Youth. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Juvenile Justice of the Committee on the Judiciary. United States Senate, Ninety-Seventh Congress, Second Session on Problems of and Services Provided for Runaway and Homeless Youth, Focusing on Support to State and Local Governments and Nonprofit Agencies for the Development of Community-Based Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These hearings, focusing on financial support for community-based programs dealing with problems of runaway and homeless youths, explore the scope of the problem, types of activities which are being undertaken, and paths for future action. Testimony and prepared statements are presented by several witnesses including a commissioner of the…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on the Judiciary.

204

Youth with Runaway, Throwaway, and Homeless Experiences: Prevalence, Drug Use, and Other At-Risk Behaviors. Volume 1. Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study is the first national study of substance use, suicide attempts, and other at-risk behaviors among youth with runaway, throwaway, or homelss experience. Information from four sources is included in the study: youth in shelters, youth on the stree...

C. L. Ringwalt J. E. Kelly J. M. Greene R. Iachan Z. Cohen

1995-01-01

205

Youth with Runaway, Throwaway, and Homeless Experiences: Prevalence, Drug Use, and Other At-Risk Behaviors. Volume 2. Appendices.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study is the first national study of substance use, suicide attempts, and other at-risk behaviors among youth with runaway, throwaway, or homelss experience. Information from four sources is included in the study: youth in shelters, youth on the stree...

J. M. Greene C. L. Ringwalt J. E. Kelly R. Iachan Z. Cohen

1995-01-01

206

Happy Birthday! You're Homeless  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homelessness and foster care are inextricably linked. Foster care feeds into homelessness just as Phillips Exeter feeds into Harvard. There is one difference, however; preparing a youth for Harvard is less expensive and better public policy. So why can’t California pull it together? The problem is bigger and more heartbreaking than one might think. California’s policy for foster children seems

Michele Benedetto Neitz; Phil Ladew

2003-01-01

207

Hearings on the Reauthorization of Title 3(b) of the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988: Drug Abuse Education and Prevention Programs for Runaway and Homeless Youth and Youth Gangs. Hearings before the Subcommittee on Human Resources of the Committee on Education and Labor. House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session (Washington, D.C., July 18, 1991; Downey, California, August 2, 1991).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document contains witness testimonies from two Congressional hearings examining the reauthorization of Title 3(b) of the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988 relating to the drug abuse education and prevention for runaway and homeless youth and youth gangs. Opening statements are included from Representatives Martinez and Fawell. Witnesses providing…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and Labor.

208

Predictors of Social Network Composition among Homeless and Runaway Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recent research on the social support networks of homeless and runaway youth suggest the social networks of runaway youth are made up largely of transient deviant peer relationships. This paper examined social network characteristics of 428 homeless and runaway adolescents from small-to moderate-sized cities in four Midwestern states. We…

Johnson, K.D.; Whitbeck, L.B.; Hoyt, D.R.

2005-01-01

209

Predictors of social network composition among homeless and runaway adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent research on the social support networks of homeless and runaway youth suggest the social networks of runaway youth are made up largely of transient deviant peer relationships. This paper examined social network characteristics of 428 homeless and runaway adolescents from small-to moderate-sized cities in four Midwestern states. We investigated size, homogeneity, and correlates of the composition of the instrumental

Kurt D. Johnson; Les B. Whitbeck; Dan R. Hoyt

2005-01-01

210

Educational Experiences of Hidden Homeless Teenagers: Living Doubled-Up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Homeless youth face countless barriers that limit their ability to complete a high school diploma and transition to postsecondary education. Their experiences vary widely based on family, access to social services, and where they live. More than half of the 1.5 million homeless youth in America are in fact living "doubled-up," staying with family…

Hallett, Ronald E.

2011-01-01

211

Familial backgrounds and risk behaviors of youth with thrownaway experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many homeless youth may also be considered “thrownaway” in that they have specifically been told to leave home. In this study, thrownaway experiences among homeless youth are examined in two national samples: (a) a nationally representative sample of youth residing in youth shelters, and (b) a purposive sample of street youth in 10 cities. Prevalence of thrownaway experiences for the

Christopher L Ringwalt; Jody M Greene; Marjorie J Robertson

1998-01-01

212

Homelessness and health in adolescents.  

PubMed

Despite an abundance of resources, many of the world's wealthiest nations have a large homeless population. People at all stages of development are affected by this problem, but adolescents who are homeless face a unique set of challenges. In this critical narrative study the authors examined the experiences of homeless adolescents with particular attention to the role of gender and public policy, health experiences and perceptions, and barriers to health care services. Six girls and 7 boys participated in semistructured dialogic interviews. Their stories revealed that living without a home had a substantial impact on their health and wellness. The findings from this study support the need for health care professionals to work in collaboration with homeless youth so that more effective care that is sensitive to their unique health needs can be provided. PMID:17968040

Haldenby, Amy M; Berman, Helene; Forchuk, Cheryl

2007-11-01

213

A qualitative study of presently and formerly homeless female adolescents (Ontario)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Very little research has been carried out with young homeless females in Canada. Therefore, the following study investigated homeless in the Kitchener-Waterloo Region, in two age groups of female adolescents from two different types of settings, a youth drop in centre and a female youth shelter. One sample of 8 female youth was between the ages of 14-19 and was

Allison J. Rice Roberts

2001-01-01

214

19 CFR 148.111 - Written declaration for unaccompanied articles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AND EXEMPTIONS Unaccompanied Shipments From American Samoa, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, or the Virgin...crewmember) arriving directly or indirectly from American Samoa, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, or...

2013-04-01

215

19 CFR 148.114 - Shipment of unaccompanied articles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) PERSONAL DECLARATIONS AND EXEMPTIONS Unaccompanied Shipments From American Samoa, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, or the Virgin Islands of the United States § 148.114 Shipment of...

2013-04-01

216

Family environment and psychological distress: A longitudinal study of at-risk youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homelessness continues to be a major social problem, affecting children, youth, and adults. The effects of homelessness can be serious, with homeless adolescents reporting far more symptoms of depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress, and alcohol and drug abuse when compared to normative samples. In addition, the family environment to which homeless youth are exposed is often laden with conflict, abuse, parental

Jordan M Braciszewski

2010-01-01

217

Social Networking Technology, Social Network Composition, and Reductions in Substance Use Among Homeless Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peer-based prevention programs for homeless youth are complicated by the potential for reinforcing high-risk behaviors among\\u000a participants. The goal of this study is to understand how homeless youth could be linked to positive peers in prevention programming\\u000a by understanding where in social and physical space positive peers for homeless youth are located, how these ties are associated\\u000a with substance use,

Eric Rice; Norweeta G. Milburn; William Monro

2011-01-01

218

Adapting a Family-Based HIV Prevention Program for Homeless Youth and Their Families: The HIV Prevention Outreach for Parents and Early Adolescents Family Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

As rates of HIV infection increase in adolescents, it is important to provide prevention programs targeting this population. Homeless adolescents living with their families in shelters are at greater risk of participating in risky sexual behavior and incurring negative health outcomes. A family-based HIV-prevention pilot study was conducted with eight homeless families in a New York City shelter to explore

Taiwanna Messam; Mary M. McKay; Kosta Kalogerogiannis; Stacey Alicea

2010-01-01

219

19 CFR 148.6 - Entry of unaccompanied shipments of effects subject to personal exemptions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Entry of unaccompanied shipments of effects subject to personal exemptions. 148... Entry of unaccompanied shipments of effects subject to personal exemptions. (a) Declaration to support free entry. When effects claimed to be free of duty...

2013-04-01

220

Pregnancy and Mental Health of Young Homeless Women  

PubMed Central

Pregnancy rates among women in the U.S. who are homeless are much higher than rates among women who are housed (Greene & Ringwalt, 1998). Yet little research has addressed mental health, risk and resilience among young mothers who are homeless. This study utilizes a sample of women from the Midwest Longitudinal Study of Homeless Adolescents (MLSHA) to investigate pregnancy and motherhood over three years among unaccompanied homeless young mothers. Our data are supplemented by in-depth interviews with a subset of these women. Results show that almost half of sexually active young women (n = 222, µ age = 17.2) had been pregnant at baseline (46.4%), and among the longitudinal subsample of 171 women (µ age = 17.2), almost 70.0% had been pregnant by the end of the study. Among young mothers who are homeless, only half reported that they helped to care for their children consistently over time, and one-fifth of the women reported never seeing their children. Of the young women with children in their care at the last interview of the study (Wave 13), almost one-third met criteria for lifetime major depressive episode (MDE), lifetime posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and lifetime drug abuse, and one-half met criteria for lifetime antisocial personality disorder (APD). Twelve-month diagnoses are also reported. The impacts of homelessness on maternal and child outcomes are discussed, including the implications for practice, policy, and research.

Crawford, Devan M.; Trotter, Emily C.; Hartshorn, Kelley J. Sittner; Whitbeck, Les B.

2012-01-01

221

Pregnancy and mental health of young homeless women.  

PubMed

Pregnancy rates among young women who are homeless are significantly higher than rates among housed young women in the United States (J. M. Greene & C. L. Ringwalt, 1998). Yet, little research has addressed mental health or risk and resilience among young mothers who are homeless. Based on a sample from the Midwest Longitudinal Study of Homeless Adolescents, this study explores pregnancy and motherhood in unaccompanied homeless young women over a period of 3 years. The data are supplemented by in-depth interviews with a subset of young women. Results show that almost half (46.4%) of sexually active young women who are homeless (n=222, M age = 17.2) had been pregnant at baseline. Among those who stated they had children between Waves 2 and 13 (n=90), only half reported caring for their children consistently over time, and one fifth reported never seeing their children. Of the participants with children in their care at the last interview (Wave 13), almost one third met criteria for lifetime major depressive episode, lifetime posttraumatic stress disorder, and lifetime drug abuse, and half met criteria for lifetime antisocial personality disorder. Twelve-month diagnoses are also reported. The impacts of homelessness on maternal and child outcomes are discussed. PMID:21486259

Crawford, Devan M; Trotter, Emily C; Hartshorn, Kelley J Sittner; Whitbeck, Les B

2011-04-01

222

Pregnancy and Sexual Health among Homeless Young Injection Drug Users  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research on pregnancy and sexual health among homeless youth is limited. In this study, qualitative interviews were conducted with 41 homeless young injection drug users (IDUs) in Los Angeles with a history of pregnancy. The relationship between recent pregnancy outcomes, contraception practices, housing status, substance use, utilization of…

Hathazi, Dodi; Lankenau, Stephen E.; Sanders, Bill; Bloom, Jennifer Jackson

2009-01-01

223

Homeless “squeegee kids”: Food insecurity and daily survival  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current knowledge about food insecurity in North America is largely based on research with low-income households. Much less is known about the food experiences of homeless people, a group who are particularly vulnerable to food insecurity. This study explored the food experiences of street youth, one of the fastest growing segments of the homeless population in Canada. To gain an

Naomi Dachner; Valerie Tarasuk

2002-01-01

224

Pregnancy and Sexual Health Among Homeless Young Injection Drug Users  

PubMed Central

Research on pregnancy and sexual health among homeless youth is limited. In this study, qualitative interviews were conducted with 41 homeless young injection drug users (IDUs) in Los Angeles with a history of pregnancy. The relationship between recent pregnancy outcomes, contraception practices, housing status, substance use, utilization of prenatal care, and histories of sexual victimization are described. A total of 81 lifetime pregnancies and 26 children were reported. Infrequent and ineffective use of contraception was common. While pregnancy motivated some homeless youth to establish housing, miscarriages and terminations were more frequent among youth who reported being housed. Widespread access to prenatal and medical services was reported during pregnancy, but utilization varied. Many women continued to use substances throughout pregnancy. Several youth reported childhood sexual abuse and sexual victimization while homeless. Pregnancy presents a unique opportunity to encourage positive health behaviors in a high-risk population seldom seen in a clinical setting.

Hathazi, Dodi; Lankenau, Stephen E.; Sanders, Bill; Bloom, Jennifer Jackson

2009-01-01

225

Sexual Health: The Role of Sexual Health Services Among Homeless Young Women Living in Toronto, Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent statistics indicate limited condom use, high STI (sexually transmitted infection) rates, and a general lack of knowledge about reproductive and sexual health among homeless youth. This research focuses on the experiences of homeless female and transgendered youth, providing an insider’s perspective on shaping sexual health interventions. This qualitative research is based on life history interviews and participant observation with

Vanessa Oliver; Rebecca Cheff

2012-01-01

226

A Risk and Resilience Perspective on Unaccompanied Refugee Minors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the United States, unaccompanied refugee minors (URMs) are a diverse and extremely vulnerable group served by social workers about whom there is little research. URMs enter the United States from many lands without parents or kin, often having experienced war and other traumatic events. Using a risk and resilience framework, we summarize the…

Carlson, Bonnie E.; Cacciatore, Joanne; Klimek, Barbara

2012-01-01

227

Predictors of depressive symptoms among resettled unaccompanied refugee minors.  

PubMed

This study investigated the level and predictors of depressive symptoms among unaccompanied refugee minors after resettlement in Norway. Participants (N = 414) were resettled in 26 municipalities from all regions of the country. The average length of resettlement time was 3.4 years. They originated from 33 different countries, mainly Afghanistan (n = 116), Somalia (n = 74), Sri Lanka (n = 41) and Iraq (n = 43). Participants completed a self-report questionnaire administered in groups. Findings show that unaccompanied minors are a high-risk group for mental health problems also after resettlement in a new country. A multilevel model predicting depressive symptoms from individual and contextual demographic factors indicated that, controlling for post-traumatic stress, females had more symptoms than males and Somalis had fewer symptoms than participants from other countries. Variation in symptom levels as a function of gender and ethnic background indicates that some groups may have inherent protective or vulnerability factors that need to be further studied to understand differences in psychosocial adaptation among unaccompanied minors. Further, findings imply that researchers, policy makers and mental health care workers need to expand their attention beyond the first phases of arrival of unaccompanied asylum seeking and refugee minors to the continuing experience of mental health problems after resettlement. PMID:21895671

Seglem, Karoline B; Oppedal, Brit; Raeder, Sabine

2011-09-04

228

A Measurement of the Energy Spectrum of Unaccompanied Hadrons  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The energy spectrum of unaccompanied hadrons is measured with the large hadron calorimeter of the KASCADE experiment. From the measured flux at detector level the primary proton spectrum at the top of the atmosphere has been derived. The flux obtained is well compatible with results of direct measurements.

Müller, M.; Antoni, T.; Apel, W. D.; Badea, F.; Bekk, K.; Bercuci, A.; Blümer, H.; Bozdog, H.; Brancus, I. M.; Büttner, C.; Chilingarian, A.; Daumiller, K.; Doll, P.; Engel, R.; Engler, J.; Feßler, F.; Gils, H. J.; Glasstetter, R.; Haungs, A.; Heck, D.; Hörandel, J. R.; Iwan, A.; Kampert, K.-H.; Klages, H. O.; Maier, G.; Mathes, H. J.; Mayer, H. J.; Milke, J.; Obenland, R.; Oehlschläger, J.; Ostapchenko, S.; Petcu, M.; Rebel, H.; Risse, M.; Roth, M.; Schatz, G.; Schieler, H.; Scholz, J.; Thouw, T.; Ulrich, H.; van Buren, J.; Vardanyan, A.; Weindl, A.; Wochele, J.; Zabierowski, J.

2003-07-01

229

The prevalence of homelessness among adolescents in the United States.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: Homeless adolescents represent one of the nation's most vulnerable populations. This study reports the 12-month prevalence of homeless episodes among US adolescents. METHODS: Personal, audiotaped interviews were conducted in 1992 and 1993 with a representative household sample of 6496 adolescents aged 12 to 17 as part of the Youth Risk behavior Survey sponsored by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Respondents reported whether they had spent the night in any of a variety of locations other than home during the previous 12 months. RESULTS: Altogether, 7.6% of the youths questioned reported that they had spent at least 1 night in youth or adult shelter (3.3%), public place (2.2%), an abandoned building (1.0%), outside 2.2%), underground (0.4%), or with a stranger (1.1%). Boys were much more likely than girls to report having experienced a homeless episode. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that homelessness among adolescents is not simply an urban problem and that prevention programs targeting homeless youths should be implemented nationwide. Additional research is needed to assess the frequency and duration of homeless experiences. Future studies of homelessness in the general population should include questions pertinent to adolescents.

Ringwalt, C L; Greene, J M; Robertson, M; McPheeters, M

1998-01-01

230

Runaway and Pregnant: Risk Factors Associated with Pregnancy in a National Sample of Runaway\\/Homeless Female Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: Homeless youth are at particularly high risk for teen pregnancy; research indicates as many as 20% of homeless young women become pregnant. These pregnant and homeless teens lack financial resources and adequate health care, resulting in increased risk for low- birth-weight babies and high infant mortality. This study investigated individual and family-level predictors of teen pregnancy among a national

Sanna J. Thompson; Kimberly A. Bender; Carol M. Lewis; Rita Watkins

231

Larkin Street Youth Services: Helping Kids Get Off the Street for Good (1982–2007)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Larkin Street Youth Services is a pioneering nonprofit organization that was established in 1981 to serve the growing urban homeless and runaway youth population. What began as a neighborhood effort has evolved into a $12 million organization over the course of its 25-year history. Larkin Street Youth Services delivers a continuum of services to homeless youth including counseling, housing, education,

Loren Farrar; Sara L. Schwartz; Michael J. Austin

2011-01-01

232

Helping the Homeless in School and out  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Homeless children can be hard to identify and even harder to help. But teachers can do a great deal to make sure that they do not fall through the cracks. Teachers of highly mobile students must develop the skills to make these children and youth feel welcome while quickly weaving them into classroom routines. They must rapidly assess new…

Holgersson-Shorter, Helena

2010-01-01

233

Suicidal Behavior Among Homeless and Runaway Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study considered risk factors associated with suicidal ideation and the likelihood of a suicide attempt in a sample of 297 homeless and runaway youth from four Midwestern states. It was hypothesized that sociodemographic characteristics, family factors, suicide exposure, street factors, externalizing behavior, and internalizing behavior would be related to suicidal ideation and to the likelihood of a suicide

Kevin A. Yoder; Dan R. Hoyt; Les B. Whitbeck

1998-01-01

234

Helping the Homeless in School and out  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homeless children can be hard to identify and even harder to help. But teachers can do a great deal to make sure that they do not fall through the cracks. Teachers of highly mobile students must develop the skills to make these children and youth feel welcome while quickly weaving them into classroom routines. They must rapidly assess new…

Holgersson-Shorter, Helena

2010-01-01

235

Families Experiencing Homelessness  

MedlinePLUS

... all homeless mothers do not have a high school diploma. 29% of adults in homeless families are working. Have much higher rates of family separation than other low-income families. 4 Mothers Experiencing Homelessness: The impact of homelessness on mothers is profound. Many are ...

236

Homelessness in America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book about homelessness in the United States offers 16 chapters in three parts. Part 1, "History Definitions, and Causes," includes: (1) "Redefining the Cursed Word: A Historical Interpretation of American Homelessness" (Kim Hopper and Jim Baumohl); (2) "Homelessness: Definitions and Counts" (Martha R. Burt); (3) "The Causes of Homelessness"…

Baumohl, Jim, Ed.

237

41 CFR 302-4.204 - If my spouse or domestic partner does not accompany me but travels unaccompanied at a different...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...accompany me but travels unaccompanied at a different time, what per diem rate...accompany me but travels unaccompanied at a different time, what per diem rate...accompany you but travels unaccompanied at a different time, he/she...

2011-07-01

238

41 CFR 302-4.204 - If my spouse or domestic partner does not accompany me but travels unaccompanied at a different...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...accompany me but travels unaccompanied at a different time, what per diem rate...accompany me but travels unaccompanied at a different time, what per diem rate...accompany you but travels unaccompanied at a different time, he/she...

2012-07-01

239

A Transitional Living Program for Homeless Adolescents: A Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Under the Runaway, Homeless, and Missing Children Protection Act in (P.L. 108-96), Congress authorized the Transitional Living\\u000a Program for Older Homeless Youth (TLP). TLP provides grants to community and faith-based non-profit and public organizations\\u000a for longer-term residential supports (up to 18 months) to youth ages 16–21 in order to promote their successful transition\\u000a to adulthood and self-sufficiency (National Network for Youth,

Elissa D. Giffords; Christina Alonso; Richard Bell

2007-01-01

240

24 CFR 578.89 - Limitation on use of grant funds to serve persons defined as homeless under other federal laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...grant funds to serve persons defined as homeless under other federal laws. 578.89...grant funds to serve persons defined as homeless under other federal laws. (a) Application...families with children and youth defined as homeless under other federal laws in...

2013-04-01

241

Assessing chronological age of unaccompanied minors in southern Italy.  

PubMed

The increasing volume of, and subsequent complexities resulting from, migratory flows in the broader context of globalization has led to a range of problems, not only the protection of human rights and disease control but also the identification of those with the right to apply for refugee status and the age assessment of unaccompanied minors. Italy is a magnet for immigration from other countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea because the Italian coasts are within easy reach.In Italy, as in other western countries, unaccompanied asylum seekers deemed to be younger than 18 years face a very different path through the immigration system from that experienced by adults. Generally, adults are subject to immediate deportation or detention in jail. Minors are processed through the juvenile system, where detection is not mandatory; they will often have access to educational programs and may be granted a residency permit.The Section of Legal Medicine of the University of Bari was approached by immigration police authorities and judges to explore the possibility of examining unaccompanied asylum seekers, who claim do be younger than 18 years, to assess their age.A group of forensic pathologists and odontologists performed this evaluation relying on the skeletal maturation as seen on radiographs of the wrist and the pelvis for iliac crests and on an orthopantomograph, together with background information and clinical examination of each individual. Case studies are presented.This article does not attempt to give a definitive account of the different scientific methods for the assessment of age. It is important to understand some of the methods that may be used in an attempt to assess developmental maturity and from which it may be possible to "read off" an approximate chronological age. PMID:21725225

Nuzzolese, Emilio; Solarino, Biagio; Liuzzi, Claudia; Di Vella, Giancarlo

2011-09-01

242

Strategies for Preventing Homelessness.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study suggests that a number of elements contribute to homelessness prevention and a number of promising prevention activities exist. The study identifies elements of community homelessness prevention strategies that seem to lead to reductions in the...

M. R. Burt C. L. Pearson A. E. Montgomery

2005-01-01

243

Predictors of Change in Self-Reported Social Networks among Homeless Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research investigates changes in social network size and composition of 351 homeless adolescents over 3 years. Findings show that network size decreases over time. Homeless youth with a conduct disorder begin street life with small networks that remain small over time. Caregiver abuse is associated with smaller emotional networks due to…

Falci, Christina D.; Whitbeck, Les B.; Hoyt, Dan R.; Rose, Trina

2011-01-01

244

Poor Parenting and Antisocial Behavior among Homeless Young Adults: Links to Dating Violence Perpetration and Victimization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Though research has examined risk factors associated with street victimization among homeless young people, little is known about dating violence experiences among this group. Given homeless youths' elevated rates of child maltreatment, it is likely that they are at high risk for dating violence. As such, the current study examined the…

Tyler, Kimberly A.; Melander, Lisa A.

2012-01-01

245

Homelessness, race and law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Legal obligations were placed on local authorities to house the homeless from the inception of the Housing (Homeless Persons) Act 1977. By reason of the Race Relations Act 1976 these obligations must be met in a non?discriminatory fashion. This article highlights facets of contemporary practice relating to the interpretation of the homelessness provisions, and identifies changes which have, or are

Martin MacEwen

1990-01-01

246

Educating Homeless Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past decade, the number of homeless children in America has more than doubled. Educators, however, are still legally obligated to enroll and support them, because of the passage of the "No Child Left Behind" Act of 2001, which reauthorized the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act. Although schools cannot solve homelessness, they can…

Berliner, BethAnn

2002-01-01

247

Sourcing homelessness: How journalists use sources to frame homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes a content and qualitative analysis of quotations from sources in Canadian newspaper items on homelessness. Experts dominate as sources on homelessness. Homeless people are not completely deprived of a voice, but are limited to the devalued voice of experience. Quotes from homeless people themselves promote a narrative of homelessness that marginalizes the people who experience it and

Barbara Schneider

2012-01-01

248

Family and Child Homelessness. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This packet contains documents that provide information about family and child homelessness and the need to address homelessness within the context of community development. The following sections are included: (1) "Family Homelessness" (Homelessness Information Exchange); (2) "A Report on the 1988 National Survey on Shelters for the Homeless"…

Homelessness Exchange, Washington, DC.

249

Street youth and labor market strain  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article applies strain theory to a high-risk sample of homeless street youth, with a particular focus upon labor market strain to predict violent and property crime and substance use. Data were collected through interviews with 200 street youth in a western Canadian city. Labor market strain was found to be related to the frequency of the youth's property, violent,

Stephen W. Baron; Timothy F. Hartnagel

2002-01-01

250

Lost in the shuffle: culture of homeless adolescents.  

PubMed

Estimates indicate that approximately 1.7 million youth are homeless in the United States. Many associated risk factors have been identified for adolescent homelessness, including family conflict, leaving foster care, running away or being thrown away, physical or sexual abuse, and coming out to parents as gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, or questioning one's sexual identity (GLBTQ). The purpose of this ethnographic study was to explore the culture of homelessness for adolescents. Nineteen homeless adolescents from a major urban area in the northeast U.S. were observed and interviewed over an 18-month period. The elements of the street culture of homeless adolescents were identified by study participants' stories. For many study participants, the decision to live on the streets was a logical and rational alternative to remaining in possibly dangerous and unstable home environments. It provided a means to their generating social capital. Nevertheless, it can be concluded that existing programs and policies relative to adolescents who are at risk for homelessness or already living on the streets should be re-examined and redesigned to meet the unique needs of vulnerable youth so they do not get lost in the shuffle. PMID:19681376

Oliveira, Joanne O'sullivan; Burke, Pamela J

251

Dimensions of homelessness.  

PubMed Central

Investigations of homelessness have been hampered by the lack of operational definitions sensitive enough to achieve subgroup differentiation and simple enough to permit replication. As a consequence, programming and policy development have often proceeded based on varying assessments of the composition, size, and needs of the homeless population. This paper describes the empirical use of duration of homelessness and dwelling place as elements of an operational definition of homelessness. The approach reflects a conceptualization of homelessness as a continuous variable that can be described by coordinates of time and place. A screening instrument that quantified the homeless experience was developed and evaluated in conjunction with a federally funded demonstration project for homeless substance-abusing men and women. Eight hundred and thirty-nine men and women from six public detoxification centers were screened over a two-year period that began in August 1988. Respondents were asked eight questions to assess duration (time) and location (place) of homelessness before they entered the detoxification center. A simple index was constructed retrospectively and found to differentiate the sample into homeless and near-homeless subgroups. Between-group differences were statistically significant in demographics, presenting problems, and probability for successful intervention. These data paralleled previously reported differences between homeless subgroups and support the concurrent validity of the index. Cronbach's alpha (.72) showed the index to be moderately reliable. Differentiation of homeless persons into meaningful subgroups appears possible and programmatically recommended. Homelessness is not a unitary phenomenon, and it is unlikely to respond to therapeutic interventions that fail to consider individual differences.

Argeriou, M; McCarty, D; Mulvey, K

1995-01-01

252

45 CFR 400.205 - Federal funding for assistance and services for unaccompanied minors.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Federal funding for assistance and services for unaccompanied minors...SERVICES REFUGEE RESETTLEMENT PROGRAM Federal Funding Federal Funding for Expenditures for Determining Eligibility...

2012-10-01

253

45 CFR 400.205 - Federal funding for assistance and services for unaccompanied minors.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Federal funding for assistance and services for unaccompanied minors...SERVICES REFUGEE RESETTLEMENT PROGRAM Federal Funding Federal Funding for Expenditures for Determining Eligibility...

2011-10-01

254

What research tells us about the intersecting streams of homelessness and foster care.  

PubMed

This paper reviews mounting evidence linking foster care and homelessness and considers new approaches for intervention. Although there is no causal evidence that family homelessness leads to foster care or vice versa, the association no longer originates solely from samples of homeless people, but also from samples of people with childhood histories of foster care. Many programs work with families, children or youth based on their current living situations and limits imposed by funders. This results in discontinued services when the living situations change. Given the strong and consistent associations between homelessness and foster care, a better approach is to design programs that work with transient families regardless of their living situation. Parenting is key. Whether the parents are living with their children in homeless circumstances or are formerly homeless parents working to reunify with their children, coordinated, comprehensive, trauma-informed and family focused programs are needed to support parenting and family stability. PMID:19839669

Zlotnick, Cheryl

2009-07-01

255

Runaway and Pregnant: Risk Factors Associated with Pregnancy in a National Sample of Runaway\\/Homeless Female Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

PurposeHomeless youth are at particularly high risk for teen pregnancy; research indicates as many as 20% of homeless young women become pregnant. These pregnant and homeless teens lack financial resources and adequate health care, resulting in increased risk for low–birth-weight babies and high infant mortality. This study investigated individual and family-level predictors of teen pregnancy among a national sample of

Sanna J. Thompson; Kimberly A. Bender; Carol M. Lewis; Rita Watkins

2008-01-01

256

Homelessness and health  

PubMed Central

Homelessness affects tens of thousands of Canadians and has important health implications. Homeless people are at increased risk of dying prematurely and suffer from a wide range of health problems, including seizures, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, musculoskeletal disorders, tuberculosis, and skin and foot problems. Homeless people also face significant barriers that impair their access to health care. More research is needed to identify better ways to deliver care to this population.

Hwang, Stephen W.

2001-01-01

257

Predictors of Change in Self-Reported Social Networks among Homeless Young People  

PubMed Central

This research investigates changes in social network size and composition of 351 homeless adolescents over three years. Findings show that network size decreases over time. Homeless youth with a conduct disorder begin street life with small networks that remain small over time. Caregiver abuse is associated with smaller emotional networks due to fewer home ties, especially to parents, and a more rapid loss of emotional home ties over time. Homeless youth with major depression start out with small networks, but are more likely to maintain network ties. Youth with substance abuse problems are more likely to maintain instrumental home ties. Finally, homeless adolescents tend to reconnect with their parents for instrumental aid and form romantic relationship that provide emotional support.

Falci, Christina D.; Whitbeck, Les B.; Hoyt, Dan R.; Rose, Trina

2011-01-01

258

Homeless Students' Perceptions of School Counselors: Implications for Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Youngsters who live in shelters face numerous challenges in school. Some of their experiences are highlighted here, along with an examination of the perceptions that these youth have of school counselors. The paper provides an overview of the impact of homelessness on school-aged youngsters and their families and discusses the results of a…

Daniels, Judy; Pier, Patricia; D'Andrea, Michael

259

20 CFR 672.540 - What program income requirements apply under the YouthBuild program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...YouthBuild program to homeless individuals and families and low-income families is not considered program income. Grantees are encouraged to use that revenue for the long-term sustainability of the YouthBuild...

2013-04-01

260

Homelessness: A General Information Packet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This packet contains documents that provide general information about homelessness and the need for both Federal and local action to help the homeless people in America. Sections 1 and 2 contain the following articles released by the Homelessness Information Exchange: (1) "The Problem of Homelessness Nationwide"; and "Alternative Family Housing…

Homelessness Exchange, Washington, DC.

261

Ensuring Full Participation in Extra-Curricular Activities for Students Experiencing Homelessness. Best Practices in Homeless Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Extra-curricular school activities, such as sports, music, theater, debate, and clubs, are often a key to engaging children and youth in school. They can provide students with a sense of belonging, stability, pride, and responsibility and strengthen a student's applications for higher education admission and scholarships. Homelessness, however,…

National Center for Homeless Education at SERVE, 2010

2010-01-01

262

Managing Homeless Shelters  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a formal analysis of how homeless shelters should operate: in particular, what quality of accommodations they should provide and how they should help their residents in securing conventional housing. I also examine timing. The results extend to cover optimal police response to street homelessness as well. I draw heavily on the unemployment insurance literature.

Brendan O’Flaherty

2009-01-01

263

The New Homelessness Revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

The new homelessness has drawn sustained attention from scholars over the past three decades. Definitional inconsistencies and data limitations rendered early work during this period largely speculative in nature. Thanks to conceptual, theoretical, and methodological progress, however, the research literature now provides a fuller understanding of homelessness. Contributions by sociologists and other social scientists since the mid-1990s differentiate among types

Barrett A. Lee; Kimberly A. Tyler; James D. Wright

2010-01-01

264

Homeless Students, Heroic Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recounts two homeless teenagers' struggle to stabilize their lives and graduate from high school. To help other heroic, homeless students, high schools should adopt flexible admission criteria, attendance policies, course offerings, and class assignments and provide special education services, transportation vouchers, and emotional support when…

Vissing, Yvonne, M.; And Others

1994-01-01

265

Helping the Homeless  

Microsoft Academic Search

The emergence of occupational therapy in the community has led a number of practitioners to work in homeless shelters. The purpose of this article is to examine how the profession of occupational therapy became involved in treating the homeless population and to describe how the profession offers help for this particular population. In addition, this article takes a historical look

Kathy R. Griner

2006-01-01

266

A risk and resilience perspective on unaccompanied refugee minors.  

PubMed

In the United States, unaccompanied refugee minors (URMs) are a diverse and extremely vulnerable group served by social workers about whom there is little research. URMs enter the United States from many lands without parents or kin, often having experienced war and other traumatic events. Using a risk and resilience framework, we summarize the research on URMs, illustrating the challenges and issues with a case study of a resilient Lost Boy from Sudan who became a social worker. We discuss strengths, coping strategies, and resilience, exploring the ways in which many URMs are able to effectively meet the challenge of adapting to a new country and culture, thriving despite the extreme adversity they have experienced, as well as sources of resilience within URMs that have allowed them to adapt and even thrive in a vastly different cultural environment despite exposure to multiple risks. These sources of resilience include positive outlook, use of healthy coping mechanisms and religiosity, and connectedness to prosocial organizations. We conclude with recommendations for social work research to better understand the nature of risk and resilience among URMs. PMID:23252317

Carlson, Bonnie E; Cacciatore, Joanne; Klimek, Barbara

2012-07-01

267

Homelessness and hunger.  

PubMed

We employ data from the National Survey of Homeless Assistance Providers and Clients to examine the character and correlates of hunger among homeless people. Our analysis, couched in an adaptation framework, finds more support for the differentiation hypothesis than for the leveling hypothesis: Complex patterns of food insecurity exist at the individual level, and they vary with the resources available (e.g., higher monthly income, regular shelter use) and obstacles faced (e.g., alcohol, drug, and physical and mental health problems). The chronically homeless, who suffer from multiple deficits, appear particularly food-insecure, a finding that favors the desperation hypothesis over its street-wisdom alternative. We conclude that hunger is not uniformly experienced by members of the homeless population. Rather, some individuals are better situated than others to cope with the stressful nature of homelessness when addressing their sustenance needs. PMID:18418982

Lee, Barrett A; Greif, Meredith J

2008-03-01

268

Maltreatment and Victimization in Homeless Adolescents: Out of the Frying Pan and into the Fire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homelessness among adolescents is a growing concern, with 1 to 1.5 million youths in any given year spending some period of time in emergency shelters or on the streets. These vulnerable youth have been found to exhibit a host of emotional and behavioral problems including anxiety, depression, post-traumatic reactions, drug and alcohol abuse, and…

Cauce, Ana Mari; Tyler, Kimberly A.; Whitbeck, Les B.

2004-01-01

269

Onset of Conduct Disorder, Use of Delinquent Subsistence Strategies, and Street Victimization Among Homeless and Runaway Adolescents in the Midwest  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the effects of childhood-onset conduct disorder on later antisocial behavior and street victimization among a group of homeless and runaway adolescents. Four hundred twenty-eight homeless and runaway youth were interviewed directly on the streets and in shelters from four Midwestern states. Key findings include the following. First, compared with those who exhibit adolescent-onset conduct disorder, youth with

Xiaojin Chen; Lisa Thrane; Les B. Whitbeck; Kurt D. Johnson; Dan R. Hoyt

2007-01-01

270

Recognizing the Needs of the Homeless.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper summarizes reports and research on the homeless in the United States, presents findings of a survey of Red Cross chapters on services to the homeless, and describes programs for the homeless of selected Red Cross chapters. Section 1 discusses definitions of homelessness and methodologies used to count homeless people. The homeless are…

France, Joseph B.

271

What's Age Gotta Do with It? Understanding the Age-Identities and School-Going Practices of Mexican Immigrant Youth in New York City  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recent reports of out-of-school immigrant youth have brought attention to predominantly Mexican and Central American immigrant youth who immigrate to the United States and do not enroll in formal schooling (Fry, 2002; Hill and Hayes, 2007). Many arrive to the United States unaccompanied, joining their older, undocumented counterparts in becoming…

Martinez, Isabel

2009-01-01

272

Disputatiousness, Aggressiveness, and Victimization Among Street Youths  

Microsoft Academic Search

Utilizing a sample of 125 male street youths, the article examines how homelessness and deviant lifestyles increase exposure to conflict and how the interactional dynamics of these disputes lead to violence and victimization. Results indicate that street youths' deviant peers leave them more likely to perceive harm and to use force to settle disputes. Perceptions of harm and the willingness

Stephen W. Baron; David R. Forde; L. W. Kennedy

2007-01-01

273

Conduct disorder and HIV risk behaviors among runaway and homeless adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was designed to assess the prevalence of conduct disorder (CD) among runaway and homeless adolescents and to investigate associations between CD and HIV risk behaviors. The Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children and a standardized HIV risk assessment questionnaire were administered to 219 runaway and homeless adolescents recruited from a drop-in center serving high-risk youth. One-half of the males

Robert E. Booth; Yiming Zhang

1997-01-01

274

Perpetrators of early physical and sexual abuse among homeless and runaway adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To examine abuse specific variables among homeless and runaway adolescents and to look at perpetrators of childhood abuse.Method: A total of 372 homeless and runaway adolescents were interviewed using a systematic sampling strategy in metropolitan Seattle. Young people were interviewed on the streets and in shelters by outreach workers in youth service agencies.Results: Approximately one-half of these young people

Kimberly A Tyler; Ana Mari Cauce

2002-01-01

275

Homelessness Assistance and Resources  

MedlinePLUS

... Resource Library News Training & Events Ask A Question Technical Assistance About OneCPD Homelessness Assistance and Resources "Stable ... Calendar About About OneCPD Website and Privacy Policies Technical Assistance CDBG Program Assistance HMIS Technical Assistance HOME ...

276

Veterans and Homelessness.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The current conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan have brought renewed attention to the needs of veterans, including the needs of homeless veterans. The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) estimates that it has served approximately 300 returning veterans in i...

L. Perl

2007-01-01

277

Homeless Health Concerns  

MedlinePLUS

... women are victims of domestic or sexual abuse. Homeless children have high rates of emotional and behavioral problems, often from having witnessed abuse. Help such as shelters, health centers, and free meals ...

278

Help the Homeless.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Workers Educational Association collaborated with a support program for homeless people in England to provide adult-education opportunities. Focus is on small groups and community learning, designed to overcome barriers these adults face. (SK)

Miskin, Jol

1999-01-01

279

A Comparison of Homeless and Non-Homeless Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study was to extend what is currently understood regarding attitudes toward the homeless population. The study focused on how homeless and nonhomeless adolescents attribute the causes of homelessness. Grounded in attribution theory, the study hypothesized that nonhomeless adolescents would ascribe causality to dispositional or…

LeClair, Mary C.; Hansen, James C.

280

Residential Transitions Among Homeless Families and Homeless Single Individuals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on a three-wave panel study, this paper compares the patterns of residential transitions between homeless and domiciled states among homeless women with children, single women and single men. It examines the extent of utilization of resources and support from work, income support programs, and informal social systems when initially homeless individuals were domiciled. Our analysis largely confirms previous research

Yin-Ling Irene Wong; Irving Piliavin; Bradley R. Entner Wright

1998-01-01

281

Confirming Eligibility for McKinney-Vento Services: Do's and Don'ts for School Districts. Best Practices in Homeless Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Under the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act, schools must identify children and youth in homeless situations and provide appropriate services. One such service is immediate enrollment in school, even when students lack paperwork normally required for enrollment, such as school records, proof of guardianship, a birth certificate, immunization…

National Center for Homeless Education at SERVE, 2007

2007-01-01

282

Confirming Eligibility for McKinney-Vento Services: Do's and Don'ts for Local Liaisons. Best Practices in Homeless Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Under the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act, schools must identify children and youth in homeless situations and provide appropriate services. One such service is immediate enrollment in school, even when students lack paperwork normally required for enrollment, such as school records, proof of guardianship, a birth certificate, immunization…

National Center for Homeless Education at SERVE, 2007

2007-01-01

283

Civil society responses to homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores how faith-based organisations in South Africa respond to homelessness, using research performed in 2005 with 12 religious organisations that provide services to homeless people in Johannesburg and Pretoria. It describes the organisations' histories, funding schemes and relationships with other organisations, and considers the complexities of defining homelessness. The background to the study was broader and more in-depth

Diana Sanchez

2010-01-01

284

Homeless and Indigenous in Minneapolis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indigenous peoples are overrepresented in the homeless population. This paper examines the extent to which homelessness and some of its possible antecedents and consequences differ for indigenous peoples and majority whites residing in the city of Minneapolis. We conclude that being homeless and indigenous in Minneapolis is a significantly different experience for this group than it is for majority whites.

Alex Westerfelt; Michael Yellow Bird

1999-01-01

285

Singers' Recall for the Words and Melody of a New, Unaccompanied Song  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The nature of the relationship between words and music in memory has been studied in a variety of ways, from investigations of listeners' recall for the words of songs stored in long-term memory to recall for novel information set to unfamiliar melodies. We asked singers to perform an unaccompanied song from memory following deliberate learning…

Ginsborg, Jane; Sloboda, John A.

2007-01-01

286

Risk and Resilience for Psychological Distress amongst Unaccompanied Asylum Seeking Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: To investigate the level of posttraumatic stress and depressive symptoms, and background risk and protective factors that might increase or ameliorate this distress amongst unaccompanied asylum-seeking children and adolescents (UASC). Methods: Cross-sectional survey carried out in London. Participants were 78 UASC aged 13-18 years,…

Hodes, Matthew; Jagdev, Daljit; Chandra, Navin; Cunniff, Anna

2008-01-01

287

Changing Attitudes Toward the Homeless: The Effects of Prosocial Communication With the Homeless  

Microsoft Academic Search

One hundred, thirty-four undergraduate students participated in a field experiment designed to examine the effects of extended, prosocial communication with homeless persons, upon attitudes toward the homeless problem, of behavioral intentions towards the homeless, and of causal attributions about homelessness. It was expected that prosocial interaction with the homeless would produce shifts in attitudes and behavioral intentions toward the homeless

John E. Hocking; Samuel G. Lawrence

2000-01-01

288

High Burden of Homelessness Among Sexual-Minority Adolescents: Findings From a Representative Massachusetts High School Sample  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We compared the prevalence of current homelessness among adolescents reporting a minority sexual orientation (lesbian/gay, bisexual, unsure, or heterosexual with same-sex sexual partners) with that among exclusively heterosexual adolescents. Methods. We combined data from the 2005 and 2007 Massachusetts Youth Risk Behavior Survey, a representative sample of public school students in grades 9 though 12 (n = 6317). Results. Approximately 25% of lesbian/gay, 15% of bisexual, and 3% of exclusively heterosexual Massachusetts public high school students were homeless. Sexual-minority males and females had an odds of reporting current homelessness that was between 4 and 13 times that of their exclusively heterosexual peers. Sexual-minority youths’ greater likelihood of being homeless was driven by their increased risk of living separately from their parents or guardians. Conclusions. Youth homelessness is linked with numerous threats such as violence, substance use, and mental health problems. Although discrimination and victimization related to minority sexual orientation status are believed to be important causal factors, research is needed to improve our understanding of the risks and protective factors for homelessness and to determine effective strategies to prevent homelessness in this population.

Goodenow, Carol S.; Nichols, Lauren; Austin, S. Bryn

2011-01-01

289

Toward a comprehensive homelessness?prevention strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because of the misery and deprivation suffered by homeless persons, the initial response to homelessness in the United States focused first on quickly addressing the dire need for emergency food and shelter, and then on providing additional assistance to already homeless persons—ideally to help them move out of homelessness. New preventive measures to help people avoid becoming homeless were largely

Eric N. Lindblom

1991-01-01

290

24 CFR 576.405 - Homeless participation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Homeless participation. 576.405 Section... Program Requirements § 576.405 Homeless participation. (a) Unless the...the participation of not less than one homeless individual or formerly...

2013-04-01

291

Federal Programs to Help Homeless People.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The manual provides information on Federal programs and activities that can be used to help the homeless population. These programs are in three general categories: targeted homeless assistance programs created under the Stewart B. McKinney Homeless Assis...

1991-01-01

292

Homelessness and its relation to the mental health and behavior of low-income school-age children.  

PubMed

This study examined the relationship between housing status and depression, anxiety, and problem behaviors among children age 6 and older who were members of low-income, single-parent, female-headed families. Participants were 80 homeless and 148 never homeless children living in Worcester, Massachusetts. Children in both groups had recently been exposed to various severe stressors. Mother-reported problem behaviors were above normative levels for both homeless and poor housed youths but self-reported depression and anxiety were not. Controlling for other explanatory variables, housing status was associated with internalizing problem behaviors but not with externalizing behaviors. Among homeless youths, internalizing behavior problems showed a positive but curvilinear relationship with number of weeks having lived in a shelter. Housing status was not associated with self-reported depression and anxiety. Findings are discussed in terms of their implications for programmatic interventions and in light of recent welfare reform. PMID:9923479

Buckner, J C; Bassuk, E L; Weinreb, L F; Brooks, M G

1999-01-01

293

Gender differences in Brazilian street youth’s family circumstances and experiences on the street  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: It has been proposed that homeless street girls are more likely to be from dysfunctional families and exhibit psychological distress than homeless street boys, reflecting cultural factors that result in differential norms for male and female behavior. The current analysis examined whether male and female street youth in a mid-sized Brazilian city differed in their family circumstances and day-to-day

Marcela Raffaelli; Silvia H Koller; Caroline T Reppold; Mateus B Kuschick; Fernanda M. B Krum; Denise R Bandeira; Carson Simões

2000-01-01

294

Readings in Homelessness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Researchers have documented links between a number of behavioral issues and homelessness, including the following: limited/no social networks; social isolation; proneness of victimization; history of emotional, physical, sexual, and substance abuse; lack of education; and anxiety resulting from inadequate physical space. The possible benefits of…

Matuszowicz, Peter F.

295

Jobs, Welfare and Homelessness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report provides objective information about the relationship of poverty, welfare, and homelessness to California's regional economy and about the design of programs that help people in poverty build working lives. California does not have enough jobs for its workforce, and welfare caseloads are consequently determined by the economy. The…

Einbinder, Susan; And Others

296

Ethical Considerations for Research and Treatment With Runaway and Homeless Adolescents  

PubMed Central

Ethical considerations for working with runaway and homeless youth in research and treatment settings are presented. Issues of parents’ and adolescents’ consent for research and treatment are discussed, with particular attention given to the lack of explicit guidelines for working with abused and neglected youth. The principles of beneficence and justice are discussed as they apply to intervening with a high-risk, multiproblem population. The authors offer a rationale for allowing adolescents to self-consent to research and treatment. They argue that in many circumstances, requiring parental consent may not be in the youth’s best interest and may preclude his or her participation in treatment and research programs.

MEADE, MELISSA A.; SLESNICK, NATASHA

2008-01-01

297

Factors Associated with Mental Health Service Need and Utilization among Unaccompanied Refugee Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is the first to address the need for mental health Care (MHC) and the patterns of utilization of MHC services among\\u000a Unaccompanied Refugee Minors (URM). Information concerning the well being, mental health need, and utilization of services\\u000a of URM was collected from three informants, the minors themselves (n = 920), their legal guardians (n = 557), and their teachers (n = 496). The well-being,

Tammy Bean; Elisabeth Eurelings-Bontekoe; Ab Mooijaart; Philip Spinhoven

2006-01-01

298

Music Listening Preferences in Early Life: Infants' Responses to Accompanied Versus Unaccompanied Singing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated infant listening preferences for two versions of an unfamiliar Chinese children's song: unaccompanied (i.e., voice only) and accompanied (i.e., voice and instrumental accompaniment). Three groups of 5-, 8- and 11-month-old infants were tested using the Headturn Preference Procedure. A general linear model analysis of variance was carried out with gender and age as the between-subjects variables and

Beatriz Ilari; M. Sundara

2009-01-01

299

Health care of homeless veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is important to understand the needs of those veterans who are homeless. We describe characteristics of homeless male veterans\\u000a and factors associated with needing VA benefits from a two-city, community survey of 531 homeless adults. Overall, 425 were\\u000a male, of whom 127 were veterans (29.9%). Significantly more veterans had a chronic medical condition and two or more mental\\u000a health

Thomas P. O’Toole; Alicia Conde-Martel; Jeanette L. Gibbon; Barbara H. Hanusa; Michael J. Fine

2003-01-01

300

National Center on Family Homelessness  

MedlinePLUS

... Housing and Urban Development to provide training and technical assistance to communities addressing homelessness. His experience includes technical assistance of the HOPE VI Community and Supportive ...

301

Alternative Cartographies of Homelessness: Rendering visible British women's experiences of ‘visible’ homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article focuses on a group largely ignored by both geographers and feminist scholars of homelessness alike—the growing number of ‘visibly homeless’ women in Britain. Drawing on in-depth interviews with 19 ‘visibly homeless’ women, we delineate between four ‘alternative cartographies’ of homelessness, each articulating quite different gendered homeless identities. The article suggests that whilst it is important to recognise that

Jon May; Paul Cloke; Sarah Johnsen

2007-01-01

302

The challenge of changing drug and sex risk behaviors of runaway and homeless adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To assess HIV-related drug and sex risk behaviors and evaluate factors associated with change in risk behaviors among runaway and homeless adolescents, 244 street youth were recruited from a community drop-in center serving high-risk youth.Method: Using a cross-sectional design, approximately half of study participants received training in a peer-based intervention that included principles derived from the health belief model,

Robert E. Booth; Yiming Zhang; Carol F. Kwiatkowski

1999-01-01

303

Using Focus Groups in Developing HIV Prevention Strategies for Youth in Rural Communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

A qualitative study was conducted using focus group methodology to obtain the knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, programmatic suggestions as well as communication strategies for HIV prevention from four specific types of high-risk youth: incarcerated\\/detained youth, homeless\\/runaway youth, school aged youth, and alcohol and other drug using youth (in school). Eleven focus groups were conducted. No meaningful differences were found in issues

Francisco S. Sy; Carol Rheaume; Simon T. Choi; Krista L. Heybruck; B. McKinley Thomas; Karen T. Pendleton; Romel S. Lacson; Douglas J. Taylor

1999-01-01

304

How Do Brazilian Street Youth Experience "The Street"? Analysis of a Sentence Completion Task.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Investigated how homeless Brazilian youth experience the street and examined factors linked to positive and negative feelings about the street. Found great diversity in youths' views of the street. Findings support the value of the sentence completion task in exploring the subjective experiences of street youth. (Author)|

Raffaelli, Marcela; Koller, Silvia H.; Reppold, Caroline T.; Kuschick, Mateur B.; Drum, Fernanda M.B.; Bandeira, Denise R.

2001-01-01

305

Mental Disorders, Comorbidity, and Postrunaway Arrests Among Homeless and Runaway Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the associations between lifetime mental disorder, comorbidity, and self-reported postrunaway arrests among 428 (187 males, 241 females) homeless and runaway youth. The analysis examined the pattern of arrests across five lifetime mental disorders (alcohol abuse, drug abuse, conduct disorder, major depressive episode, and posttraumatic stress disorder). The adolescents, ranging from 16 to 19 years old, were interviewed

Xiaojin Chen; Lisa Thrane; Les B. Whitbeck; Kurt Johnson

2006-01-01

306

Surviving on the Streets of Java: Homeless Children's Narratives of Violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines narratives of personal experience from homeless street youths in urban Indonesia. Following current research on narrative and victimization, the author identifies the processes of identity production required for survival in a world of rejection, deprivation and violence. The article also demonstrates how the children's repertoire of subject positions is constructed in relation to the power structures of

LAINE BERMAN

2000-01-01

307

The Real Cost of Linking Homeless Young People to Employment, Education and Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the implementation of the Victorian Youth Employment, Education and Training Initiative (YEETI). This statewide initiative delivered brokerage funds to homeless young people through their housing advocates. One of the findings of the project was that the main barrier to young people achieving a stable continuum in their lives…

Broadbent, Robyn

2008-01-01

308

Emotional Distress and Mental Health Service Use Among Urban Homeless Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Expanded Behavioral Model for Vulnerable Populations was used to examine the predisposing, enabling, and need factors associated with mental health service use in a homeless adolescent sample (N?=?688). Among all youth, 32% perceived a need for help with mental health problems and 15% met Brief-Symptom Inventory (BSI) criteria for emotional distress. The rate of mental health service use in

M. Rosa Solorio; Norweeta G. Milburn; Ronald M. Andersen; Sharone Trifskin; Michael A. Rodríguez

2006-01-01

309

Helping Friends and the Homeless Milieu: Social Capital and the Utility of Street Peers  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, the author draws upon ethnographic data from a group of homeless and housed youth and young adults who congregated in one city square in the northeastern United States. The author applies social capital theories to understand the positive and negative aspects of street life for each group involved. In this setting, participants found commonalities and befriended one

Timothy Stablein

2011-01-01

310

Faces of Homelessness: A Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A brief teacher's guide supplements a videotape of two 15-minute segments on homelessness. The stated objective of the video is to cover the issues of homelessness as they exist today and to dispel the stereotypes of homelessness leftover from earlier eras. A family which has found itself homeless is introduced and then aspects of the phenomenon…

Massachusetts State Dept. of Education, Quincy.

311

Fifteen years of homelessness in the UK  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homelessness is rising rapidly in the UK. This increase is often attributed to the existence of legislation entitling homeless people to help. But the increase is most appropriately explained by changes in housing supply and demand. The homelessness legislation has granted rights to some groups of homeless people but not to others. The effect of the legislation is marginal compared

Madeline Drake

1989-01-01

312

Can Better National Policy End Family Homelessness?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An understanding of the close link between federal policy and family homelessness is critical for ensuring that one day no child in the United States is homeless. This article discusses the nature of family homelessness, the national policy framework that exists to help vulnerable families, the homeless assistance system that federal policy has…

Roman, Nan

2010-01-01

313

A collaborative community approach to homeless care.  

PubMed

Homelessness is a social, economic, and public health problem of increasing magnitude in the United States. The past methods and approaches to delivering health care to those without homes have been inadequate because of the many complex problems faced by homeless persons today. To facilitate a discussion of a collaborative community approach to homeless care, it is helpful to include a definition of homelessness, describe the homeless population and the health status of homeless individuals, and explain what is meant by health care for the homeless. PMID:8900504

Plumb, J D; McManus, P; Carson, L

1996-03-01

314

Concurrent Mental Health and Substance Use Problems among Street-Involved Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among marginalized populations, homeless adults are known to have elevated rates of mental health and substance use problems\\u000a compared to the general population, but less is known about their youthful homeless counterparts. While few studies currently\\u000a exist, what research has been conducted among street-involved youth has confirmed high rates of comorbidity among this population.\\u000a However, few of these studies explore

Maritt Kirst; Tyler Frederick; Patricia G. Erickson

315

Health Care for Homeless Women  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE Homelessness is a significant and growing problem in the United States. Women and families are the fastest growing segments of the homeless population. Homelessness increases the risk of having health problems and encountering barriers to care. This study determines how much perceived unmet need for medical care there is among homeless women, what homeless women perceive to be barriers to health care, and how barriers and other factors are associated with unmet needs. DESIGN Cross-sectional study of homeless women, utilizing structured interviews. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS Community-based probability sample of 974 homeless women aged 15 to 44 years. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Perceived unmet need for medical care in the past 60 days. Relationship between unmet need and demographic variables, place of stay, source of health care, insurance, and perceived barriers to care. RESULTS Of the 974 women, 37% reported unmet need for medical care. Controlling for other factors, the odds of unmet need were lower among those with a regular source of care (odds ratio [OR] to .35, 95% confidence interval [CI], .21 to 58), while having health insurance was not significantly associated. The odds of unmet need were higher among those who experienced the barriers: not knowing where to go (OR 2.27, 95% CI, 1.40 to 3.69), long office waiting times (OR 1.89, 95% CI 1.27 to 2.83) and being too sick to seek care (OR 2.03, 95% CI, 1.14 to 3.62). CONCLUSIONS There is significant unmet need for medical care among homeless women. Having a regular source of care was more important than health insurance in lowering the odds of unmet need. Homeless women must be educated regarding sources of care, and clinics serving the homeless must decrease waiting times.

Lewis, Joy H; Andersen, Ronald M; Gelberg, Lillian

2003-01-01

316

Shelter and Transitional Housing for Transgender Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is one article in a three part series in this issue of The Journal of Gay and Lesbian Mental Health documenting the proceedings from the workshop “The Psychiatric Needs of the Transgender Homeless Population” at the 2009 American Psychiatric Association's Institute on Psychiatric Services Conference in New York City. In the United States, transgender youth are overrepresented among the

Van Yu

2010-01-01

317

Health Educators' Perceptions of a Sexual Health Intervention for Homeless Adolescents  

PubMed Central

Objective The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study was to explore the perceptions and experiences of health educators in providing a brief, street-based intervention to homeless adolescents. Method Qualitative data were collected via e-mail from a purposive sample of 13 male and female health educators who provided the intervention and analyzed using manifest and latent content analysis techniques. Results Five categories with two or more subcategories were identified in the data and included how the educators' views changed, how they felt homeless youth were similar to and different from other adolescents, positive aspects and challenges of providing the intervention, and suggestions for future interventionists working with this population. Conclusions The health educators' practice was strengthened over the course of providing the intervention through their positive experiences, changes in their perceptions, some of which were biased, and ability to confront the challenges that accompany working with this vulnerable population. Practice Implications Health educators who work with this population should learn about the culture of homeless youth and characteristics of homeless youth that may influence their participation in a sexual health intervention. Moreover, they need to be non-judgmental, practice the intervention, be aware of their biases, and remain flexible.

Rew, Lynn; Rochlen, Aaron B.; Murphey, Christina

2008-01-01

318

Connections between AIDS and homelessness.  

PubMed

Although the links between health and environment are well known, interventions that target these associations in order to improve health are rare. Health and social service agencies often function independently of one another, maintaining separate, unlinked databases. For example, relationships among homelessness, AIDS, and tuberculosis have been noted, but services have not focused on the intersecting populations these conditions affect. This Issue Brief summarizes efforts to merge databases and provide policymakers with information to guide housing, social service, and health care resources. The investigators identify risk factors associated with AIDS among the homeless, and homelessness among people with AIDS. PMID:12524708

Culhane, D P; Gollub, E L

2001-06-01

319

Impact of adulthood trauma on homeless mothers.  

PubMed

Using the National Survey of Homeless Assistance Providers and Clients (NSHAPC), we found that among homeless mothers (n = 588), those living without their children were more likely to: be older than 35 years, unmarried, have been incarcerated, have been homeless for at least 1 year, and to have used psychiatric medication. Many homeless mothers had histories of childhood trauma, but it was the accumulation of adulthood traumas that was associated with not living with one's children. Without mental health treatment, younger homeless mothers living with their children today may become the homeless mothers living without their children in the future. PMID:17143729

Zlotnick, Cheryl; Tam, Tammy; Bradley, Kimberly

2006-12-02

320

Safer Outside: A Qualitative Exploration of Homeless People's Resistance to Homeless Shelters  

Microsoft Academic Search

Unsheltered or “street” homeless are an under-researched subset of the homeless population although they account for 37% of the total number of homeless people. The current study examines the lives of homeless people who reside in camps in the woods of East Orange County, Florida. Data for this study were collected via five focus groups with a total of 39

Amy M. Donley; James D. Wright

2012-01-01

321

The Spatial Origins of the Homeless: How the Homeless Vary in Their Geographic Distribution  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been no such study to date to investigate the residential origin of the varying categories of homeless. This study investigates the spatial distribution of residential origins of the varying categories of homeless and the factors that contribute to the vulnerability of individuals to become homeless. The study categorizes homeless people based on gender, family status, the occurrence of

Deden Rukmana

2006-01-01

322

Homeless, Not Hopeless. An Informational Guide for School Personnel: Understanding and Educating Homeless Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide explains how to educate homeless students within the public schools, focusing on the Saint Paul, Minnesota, public schools. Section 1 defines homelessness. Section 2 presents data on the increasing numbers of homeless students in the area. Section 3 describes common problems faced by homeless students, including family mobility,…

Seifert, Elli; Stauffer, Carol

323

Homeless in God's Country: Coping Strategies and Felt Experiences of the Rural Homeless  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines coping behaviors and felt experiences of homeless adults in Michigan's Upper Peninsula. Data from in-depth interviews with 55 homeless adults reveal 5 general coping pattern groups: shelter users, campers, couch hoppers, mixed users, and circumstantial homeless. Homeless adults within each group experienced similar levels of…

Hilton, Timothy; DeJong, Cornell

2010-01-01

324

Homeless, Not Hopeless. An Informational Guide for School Personnel: Understanding and Educating Homeless Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide explains how to educate homeless students within the public schools, focusing on the Saint Paul, Minnesota, public schools. Section 1 defines homelessness. Section 2 presents data on the increasing numbers of homeless students in the area. Section 3 describes common problems faced by homeless students, including family mobility,…

Seifert, Elli; Stauffer, Carol

325

Changing Attitudes Toward the Homeless: The Effects of Prosocial Communication With the Homeless  

Microsoft Academic Search

One hundred, thirty-four undergraduate students participated in a field experiment designed to examine the effects of extended, prosocial communication with home- less persons, upon attitudes toward the homeless problem, of behavioral inten- tions towards the homeless, and of causal attributions about homelessness. It was expected that prosocial interaction with the homeless would produce shifts in atti- tudes and behavioral intentions

John E. Hocking; Samuel G. Lawrence

2000-01-01

326

Comparison of Homeless Veterans with Other Homeless Men in a Large Clinical Outreach Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper compares homeless veterans with homeless nonveterans from different eras in an effort to better understand the connection between military service and urban homelessness. Two research questions are addressed based on interviews with over 4,000 homeless men who enrolled in a national outreach program for persons suffering from serious mental illness: First, is there anything unique in the social

Richard Tessler; Robert Rosenheck; Gail Gamache

2002-01-01

327

The health of homeless immigrants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background:This study examined the association between immigrant status and current health in a representative sample of 1189 homeless people in Toronto, Canada.Methods:Multivariate regression analyses were performed to examine the relationship between immigrant status and current health status (assessed using the SF-12) among homeless recent immigrants (?10 years since immigration), non-recent immigrants (>10 years since immigration) and Canadian-born individuals recruited at

S Chiu; D A Redelmeier; G Tolomiczenko; A Kiss; S W Hwang

2009-01-01

328

The behavioral and emotional problems of former unaccompanied refugee children 3–4 years after their return to Vietnam  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the behavioral and emotional problems of former unaccompanied refugee children who had repatriated to Vietnam from refugee centers in Hong Kong and South East Asia. The children were compared with a matched sample of children who had never left Vietnam.Method: The participants consisted of 455 Vietnamese children aged between 10 and

Maryanne Loughry; Eirini Flouri

2001-01-01

329

Late-Onset PTSD in Unaccompanied Refugee Minors: Exploring the Predictive Utility of Depression and Anxiety Symptoms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following resettlement in Western countries, unaccompanied refugee minors (URM) are at risk of developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It is unclear to what extent PTSD in this group may become manifest at later stages following resettlement and which factors are associated with late onset. We examined data from URM collected 1 (T1) and 2 years (T2) following resettlement for differences

Geert E. Smid; Gerty J. L. M. Lensvelt-Mulders; Jeroen W. Knipscheer; Berthold P. R. Gersons; Rolf J. Kleber

2011-01-01

330

Late-Onset PTSD in Unaccompanied Refugee Minors: Exploring the Predictive Utility of Depression and Anxiety Symptoms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Following resettlement in Western countries, unaccompanied refugee minors (URM) are at risk of developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It is unclear to what extent PTSD in this group may become manifest at later stages following resettlement and which factors are associated with late onset. We examined data from URM collected 1 (T1) and…

Smid, Geert E.; Lensvelt-Mulders, Gerty J. L. M.; Knipscheer, Jeroen W.; Gersons, Berthold P. R.; Kleber, Rolf J.

2011-01-01

331

Correlates of Homeless Episodes among Indigenous People  

PubMed Central

This study reports the correlates of homeless episodes among 873 Indigenous adults who are part of an ongoing longitudinal study on four reservations in the Northern Midwest and four Canadian First Nation reserves. Descriptive analyses depict differences between those who have and have not experienced an episode of homelessness in their lifetimes. Multivariate analyses assess factors associated with a history of homeless episodes at the time of their first interview. Results show that individuals with a history of homeless episodes had significantly more individual and family health, mental health, and substance abuse problems. Periods of homelessness also were associated with financial problems. Among the female caretakers who experienced episodes of homelessness over the course of the study, the majority had been homeless at least once prior to the start of the study and approximately one–fifth met criteria for lifetime alcohol dependence, drug abuse, or major depression. Family adversity during childhood was also common for women experiencing homelessness during the study.

Whitbeck, Les B.; Crawford, Devan M.; Hartshorn, Kelley J. Sittner

2011-01-01

332

Runaway and Pregnant: Risk Factors Associated with Pregnancy in a National Sample of Runaway/Homeless Female Adolescents  

PubMed Central

Purpose Homeless youth are at particularly high risk for teen pregnancy; research indicates as many as 20% of homeless young women become pregnant. These pregnant and homeless teens lack financial resources and adequate health care, resulting in increased risk for low– birth-weight babies and high infant mortality. This study investigated individual and family-level predictors of teen pregnancy among a national sample of runaway/homeless youth in order to better understand the needs of this vulnerable population. Methods Data from the Runaway/Homeless Youth Management Information System (RHY MIS) provided a national sample of youth seeking services at crisis shelters. A sub-sample of pregnant females and a random sub-sample (matched by age) of nonpregnant females comprised the study sample (N= 951). Chi-square and t tests identified differences between pregnant and nonpregnant runaway females; maximum likelihood logistic regression identified individual and family-level predictors of teen pregnancy. Results Teen pregnancy was associated with being an ethnic minority, dropping out of school, being away from home for longer periods of time, having a sexually transmitted disease, and feeling abandoned by one's family. Family factors, such as living in a single parent household and experiencing emotional abuse by one's mother, increased the odds of a teen being pregnant. Conclusions The complex problems associated with pregnant runaway/homeless teens create challenges for short-term shelter services. Suggestions are made for extending shelter services to include referrals and coordination with teen parenting programs and other systems of care.

Thompson, Sanna J.; Bender, Kimberly A.; Lewis, Carol M.; Watkins, Rita

2009-01-01

333

Impact of Adulthood Trauma on Homeless Mothers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using the National Survey of Homeless Assistance Providers and Clients (NSHAPC), we found that among homeless mothers (n = 588), those living without their children were more likely to: be older than 35 years, unmarried, have been incarcerated,\\u000a have been homeless for at least 1 year, and to have used psychiatric medication. Many homeless mothers had histories of childhood\\u000a trauma, but it was the

Cheryl Zlotnick; Tammy Tam; Kimberly Bradley

2007-01-01

334

Risk Factors for Homelessness among Women Veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Women veterans are three to four times more likely than non-veteran women to become homeless. However, their risk factors for homelessness have not been defined. Methods. Case-control study of non-institutionalized homeless women veterans (n533) and age-matched housed women veterans (n=165). Health, health care, and factors associated with homelessness were assessed using multiple logistic regression with a Monte Carlo algorithm

MPH Elizabeth M. Yano MSPH Donna L. Washington; MSPH Lillian Gelberg

2010-01-01

335

Risk Factors for Homelessness among Women Veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

:Background. Women veterans are three to four times more likely than non-veteran women to become homeless. However, their risk factors for homelessness have not been defined. Methods. Case-control study of non-institutionalized homeless women veterans (n533) and age-matched housed women veterans (n=165). Health, health care, and factors associated with homelessness were assessed using multiple logistic regression with a Monte Carlo algorithm

Donna L. Washington; Elizabeth M. Yano; James McGuire; Vivian Hines; Martin Lee; Lillian Gelberg

2010-01-01

336

When Working Together Works: Academic Success for Students in Out-of-Home Care. Best Practices in Homeless Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Center for Homeless Education and the Legal Center for Foster Care and Education present this brief to help educators and child welfare advocates work together to support the academic success of children and youth in out-of-home care. The brief offers practical, proven strategies for implementing two federal laws collaboratively: The…

National Center for Homeless Education at SERVE, 2010

2010-01-01

337

Clearing the Path to School Success for Students in Out-of-Home Care. Best Practices in Homeless Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Legal Center for Foster Care and Education and the National Center for Homeless Education present this guide to help educators and child welfare advocates clear the path to school success for children and youth who are forced to leave their homes due to abuse, neglect, and family dysfunction. Two federal laws, among others, provide tools to…

National Center for Homeless Education at SERVE, 2009

2009-01-01

338

Homeless and matched housed adolescents: a comparative study of psychopathology.  

PubMed

Compared a probability sample of 118 homeless adolescents (ages 12-17) from 6 shelters from throughout the 7-county Detroit metropolitan area to a matched sample of 118 housed adolescents using the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children (DISC), which yields diagnoses based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (3rd ed., rev.; DSM-III-R; American Psychiatric Association, 1987) criteria, and the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI). Adolescents in the housed comparison group were matched on age, sex, race, and neighborhood characteristics. Analyses, including ones controlling for a set of 10 risk and resilience factors, indicated that the homeless showed more disruptive behavior disorders and alcohol abuse or dependence on the DISC and greater levels of symptomatology on the BSI. There were no significant group differences on drug abuse or affective disorders, and psychotic disorders were rare in both groups. This pattern of findings is not entirely consistent with popular stereotypes about homeless youth nor with many existing studies (which have often failed to include an appropriate comparison group). PMID:9789190

McCaskill, P A; Toro, P A; Wolfe, S M

1998-10-01

339

Rural Homeless Shelters: A Comparative Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although there has been some increased attention to the issue of homelessness and homeless shelter services, little effort has been made to understand the operation of rural homeless shelters. This situation persists despite decades of effort showing that the rural environment provides a very different context for the delivery of services than an urban environment. This study hypothesized that contextual

Marianne Goodfellow

1999-01-01

340

Modeling Service Access in a Homeless Population  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research has shown use of greater amounts and more types of services to be robustly associated with positive outcomes. However, research has neither adequately explored nor conceptualized the complex interactions among demographics, homelessness, mental illness, and service use. Subjects (N=396) were systematically sampled. Service use was divided into four sectors: homeless amelioration, homeless maintenance, mental health, and chemical dependency

David E. Pollio; Carol S. North; Karin M. Eyrich; Douglas A. Foster; Edward Spitznagel

2003-01-01

341

Counting the homeless in Los Angeles County  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past two decades, a variety of methods have been used to count the homeless in large metropolitan areas. In this paper, we report on an effort to count the homeless in Los Angeles County, one that employed the sampling of census tracts. A number of complications are discussed, including\\\\^{E} the need to impute homeless counts to areas of

Richard Berk; Brian Kriegler; Donald Ylvisaker

2008-01-01

342

Education for Homeless Adults: Strategies for Implementation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructional guide is intended for use by adult education teachers who deal with homeless students either on an occasional or an exclusive basis. An introduction defines homelessness, describes how education can help, and offers a mission statement. The second section focuses on what teachers of the homeless need. It defines categories of…

New York State Education Dept., Albany. Office of Workplace Preparation and Continuing Education.

343

The Second Student-Run Homeless Shelter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|From 1983-2011, the Harvard Square Homeless Shelter (HSHS) in Cambridge, Massachusetts, was the only student-run homeless shelter in the United States. However, college students at Villanova, Temple, Drexel, the University of Pennsylvania, and Swarthmore drew upon the HSHS model to open their own student-run homeless shelter in Philadelphia,…

Seider, Scott C.

2012-01-01

344

Policing the homeless: An ethical dilemma  

Microsoft Academic Search

The homeless challenge police to reconsider their social role, the constituency they serve, the alliances they should form, and the activities they should engage in. This paper considers three conceptions of the police role — law enforcement, order maintenance, and social peacekeeping — and indicates how they impinge on treatment of the homeless. The moral challenge posed by the homeless

John Kleinig

1993-01-01

345

The Invisible Homeless: A New Urban Ecology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Contemporary homelessness is the result of increasing social and economic inequality faced by those in American society who are most vulnerable to individual, family, and economic instability. This case study of the homeless population of Los Angeles (California), based on two surveys conducted in 1984, views the homeless as a segment of the…

Ropers, Richard H.

346

Dealing with Disability: Cognitive Impairments & Homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homeless people with cognitive impairments affecting thought, memory, speech, and\\/or psychosocial competence present some of the toughest challenges that clinicians face. Indeed, too many choose to avoid these difficult clients altogether — an option that experienced homeless assistance providers find unacceptable. The following articles describe the complex tapestry of cognitive disabilities and homelessness, and specify practical strategies to assure that

Christopher M. Filley

347

Smoking characteristics of a homeless population  

Microsoft Academic Search

When addressing tobacco control and smoking cessation measures, the homeless have been perceived as a difficult to reach population. The purpose of this study was to examine the smoking characteristics of a homeless population. Data were derived from a larger study that examined smoking among inner?city residents. Homeless smokers (n = 107) were compared to nonhomeless smokers (n = 491)

James Butler; Kolawole S. Okuyemi; Samuel Jean; Niaman Nazir; Jasjit S. Ahluwalia; Ken Resnicow

2002-01-01

348

Smoking Characteristics of a Homeless Population  

Microsoft Academic Search

When addressing tobacco control and smoking cessation measures, the homeless have been perceived as a difficult to reach population. The purpose of this study was to examine the smoking characteristics of a homeless population. Data were derived from a larger study that examined smoking among inner-city residents. Homeless smokers (n = 107) were compared to nonhomeless smokers (n = 491)

James Butler; Kolawole S. Okuyemi; Samuel Jean; Niaman Nazir; Jasjit S. Ahluwalia; Ken Resnicow

2002-01-01

349

Pushed Out: America's Homeless. Thanksgiving 1987.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|By winter 1987, up to three million men, women, and children will be homeless; the number of homeless persons will continue to increase at a rate of 25 percent. This report surveys the changes in the homeless population in the following 23 cities over the past year: Albuquerque (New Mexico), Atlanta (Georgia), Boston (Massachusetts), Chicago…

National Coalition for the Homeless, Washington, DC.

350

Homelessness and Its Effects on Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homelessness influences every facet of children's lives, inhibiting their physical, emotional, cognitive, social, and behavioral development. Homeless women face such obstacles to healthy pregnancies as chemical abuse, chronic health problems, and lack of prenatal care. Homeless infants are more likely to have low birth weights and are at greater…

Hart-Shegos, Ellen

351

Escaping Homelessness: Anticipated and Perceived Facilitators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One study with two distinct sections was conducted to identify factors facilitating escape from homelessness. In Section 1, 58 homeless individuals rated possible facilitators of escape (factors they believed would help them become more independent and self-sufficient). In Section 2, 80 participants who had already exited homelessness rated the…

Patterson, Allisha; Tweed, Roger

2009-01-01

352

Tapping into the culture of homelessness.  

PubMed

This article describes the problem of homelessness from a cultural perspective. Three health and human service agencies located in Pennsylvania were investigated to ascertain whether the needs of the homeless as a culture were being met. The findings of this qualitative investigation conclude that the strategies of survival inherent in the culture of homelessness are rarely considered by social and health agencies in providing services to the homeless. Implications for improving health and other services provided for the homeless from a cultural perspective are discussed in the concluding remarks of the report. PMID:8655854

Davis, R E

353

Early Adolescent Street YouthAn Overlooked Population with Unique Problems and Service Needs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the increasing knowledge about homeless and street youth in the United States, little is known about the youngest segments of those populations, early adolescents (12 through 15 years of age). Investigated in this study were the demographic and lifestyle characteristics of 245 street youth in California. Measures included demographic characteristics (e.g., gender, ethnicity, sexual orientation), peer group identification, history

Jennifer B. Unger; Thomas R. Simon; Traci L. Newman; Susanne B. Montgomery; Michele D. Kipke; Michael Albomoz

1998-01-01

354

Changing Paradigms for Working with Street Youth: The Experience of Street Kids International1  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United Nations estimates 100 million street youth across the globe. They are products of poverty, war, urbanization, political instability, family breakdown, and HIV\\/AIDS, among others. Many are not homeless, but primary income earners for their extended families. Many participate in the sex and drug trade because of limited income generation alternatives. How can we support these youth and increase

Stephanie Sauvé

355

Can't Do It Alone: Housing Collaborations to Improve Foster Youth Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research documents that youth transitioning out of the foster care system experience a variety of negative outcomes, including homelessness. Housing collaborations, which aim to comprehensively address resource and service needs for transitioning youth, including permanent connections, education, and employment, have resulted in innovative…

Choca, Miryam J.; Minoff, Jedediah; Angene, Lyn; Byrnes, Michele; Kenneally, Lois; Norris, DeWayne; Pearn, Deanne; Rivers, Marina M.

2004-01-01

356

Homelessness and drug abuse among young men who have sex with men in New York city: a preliminary epidemiological trajectory.  

PubMed

The objective of this paper is to profile the role of homelessness in drug and sexual risk in a population of young men who have sex with men (YMSM). Data are from a cross-sectional survey collected between 2000 and 2001 in New York City (N = 569). With the goal of examining the import of homelessness in increased risk for the onset of drug and sexual risk, we compare and contrast three subgroups: (1) YMSM with no history of homelessness, (2) YMSM with a past history of homelessness but who were not homeless at the time of the interview, and (3) YMSM who were currently homeless. For each group, we describe the prevalence of a broad range of stressful life events (including foster care and runaway episodes, involvement in the criminal justice system, etc.), as well as selected mental health problems (including past suicide attempts, current depression, and selected help-seeking variables). Additionally, we examine the prevalence of selected drug and sexual risk, including exposure to a broad range of illegal substances, current use of illegal drugs, and prevalence of lifetime exposure to sex work. Finally, we use an event history analysis approach (time-event displays and paired t-test analysis) to examine the timing of negative life experiences and homelessness relative to the onset of drug and sexual risk. High levels of background negative life experiences and manifest mental health distress are seen in all three groups. Both a prior experience of homelessness and currently being homeless are both strongly associated with both higher levels of lifetime exposure to drug and sexual risk as well as higher levels of current drug and sexual risk. Onset of these risks occur earlier in both groups that have had an experience of housing instability (e.g., runaway, foster care, etc.) but are delayed or not present among YMSM with no history of housing instability. Few YMSM had used drug prior to becoming homeless. While causal inferences are subject to the limitations of a cross-sectional design, the findings pose an empirical challenge to the prevailing assumption that prior drug use is a dominant causal factor in YMSM becoming homeless. More broadly, the data illustrate the complexity of factors that must be accounted for, both in advancing our epidemiological understanding of the complexity of homelessness and its relationship to the onset of drug and sexual risk among high risk youth populations. PMID:15878043

Clatts, Michael C; Goldsamt, Lloyd; Yi, Huso; Gwadz, Marya Viorst

2005-04-09

357

Homelessness and drug abuse among young men who have sex with men in New York city: A preliminary epidemiological trajectory  

PubMed Central

The objective of this paper is to profile the role of homelessness in drug and sexual risk in a population of young men who have sex with men (YMSM). Data are from a cross-sectional survey collected between 2000 and 2001 in New York City (N = 569). With the goal of examining the import of homelessness in increased risk for the onset of drug and sexual risk, we compare and contrast three subgroups: (1) YMSM with no history of homelessness, (2) YMSM with a past history of homelessness but who were not homeless at the time of the interview, and (3) YMSM who were currently homeless. For each group, we describe the prevalence of a broad range of stressful life events (including foster care and runaway episodes, involvement in the criminal justice system, etc.), as well as selected mental health problems (including past suicide attempts, current depression, and selected help-seeking variables). Additionally, we examine the prevalence of selected drug and sexual risk, including exposure to a broad range of illegal substances, current use of illegal drugs, and prevalence of lifetime exposure to sex work. Finally, we use an event history analysis approach (time–event displays and paired t-test analysis) to examine the timing of negative life experiences and homelessness relative to the onset of drug and sexual risk. High levels of background negative life experiences and manifest mental health distress are seen in all three groups. Both a prior experience of homelessness and currently being homeless are both strongly associated with both higher levels of lifetime exposure to drug and sexual risk as well as higher levels of current drug and sexual risk. Onset of these risks occur earlier in both groups that have had an experience of housing instability (e.g., runaway, foster care, etc.) but are delayed or not present among YMSM with no history of housing instability. Few YMSM had used drug prior to becoming homeless. While causal inferences are subject to the limitations of a cross-sectional design, the findings pose an empirical challenge to the prevailing assumption that prior drug use is a dominant causal factor in YMSM becoming homeless. More broadly, the data illustrate the complexity of factors that must be accounted for, both in advancing our epidemiological understanding of the complexity of homelessness and its relationship to the onset of drug and sexual risk among high risk youth populations.

Clatts, Michael C.; Goldsamt, Lloyd; Yi, Huso; Gwadz, Marya Viorst

2009-01-01

358

The “Lost Boys” of Sudan: Use of Health Services and Functional Health Outcomes of Unaccompanied Refugee Minors Resettled in the U.S  

Microsoft Academic Search

To assess whether mental health counseling and other health services were associated with functional health outcomes of unaccompanied\\u000a Sudanese refugee minors in the U.S., this study was a descriptive survey of 304 Sudanese refugee minors in foster care through\\u000a the U.S. Unaccompanied Refugee Minors Program (URMP). Functional health outcomes included scores of Child Health Questionnaire\\u000a (CHQ) scales and questions regarding

Paul L. Geltman; Wanda Grant-Knight; Heidi Ellis; Jeanne M. Landgraf

2008-01-01

359

Homeless Affiliation, Location, and Sender Address in Return of Lost Letters  

Microsoft Academic Search

A field study used 1008 “lost letters” to test the hypotheses that the differences in returned responses would be attributable to the addressee (i.e., ending homelessness-control or preventing it among youth, veterans, and lesbians) and especially to a socially deviant addressee, that cultural differences between distribution locations might influence returned responses of lost letters, and that sender address (i.e., urban,

F. Stephen Bridges; Paul C. Thompson; Neil P. Coady

2001-01-01

360

Infectious disease in the homeless.  

PubMed

Homelessness increases a person's exposure to infectious and communicable diseases. The barriers to treatment as described above are many for the physicians and other providers of health care to this population. Health Care for the Homeless would greatly welcome the help of medical subspecialists in the areas of infectious disease, dermatology, gastroenterology, and pulmonology for some of our particularly challenging patients. We look forward to continuing our collaborations with the medical community in Baltimore City as we serve its most vulnerable citizens. PMID:19186594

Ryan, Tara A

2008-01-01

361

Michigan's Campaign to End Homelessness  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Michigan State Homeless Management Information System (MSHMIS) is a single database platform that provides an unduplicated count of homeless persons living in each region of Michigan. The system also measures patterns of service use and the effectiveness of the services delivered, providing the ability to assess progress across programs and regions. It was developed to improve consistency of reporting among Michigan’s Continuum of Care (CoC) network and includes information from all the service organizations in each region, a total of 524 organizations statewide.

Homelessness, Michiganâs C.

362

7 CFR 272.9 - Approval of homeless meal providers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 false Approval of homeless meal providers. 272.9 Section...STATE AGENCIES § 272.9 Approval of homeless meal providers. The State food...shall approve establishments serving the homeless upon sufficient evidence, as...

2013-01-01

363

24 CFR 91.405 - Housing and homeless needs assessment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Housing and homeless needs assessment. 91.405 Section 91...Consolidated Plan § 91.405 Housing and homeless needs assessment. Housing and homeless needs must be described in the...

2013-04-01

364

75 FR 79323 - Health Care for Homeless Veterans Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...38 CFR Part 63 RIN 2900-AN73 Health Care for Homeless Veterans Program AGENCY...community-based treatment facilities in the Health Care for Homeless Veterans (HCHV...response to ``RIN 2900-AN73, Health Care for Homeless Veterans...

2010-12-20

365

Homelessness: a problem for primary care?  

PubMed Central

Homelessness is a social problem that affects all facets of contemporary society. This paper discusses the concept of homelessness in terms of its historical context and the dominance of the pervasive 'victim blaming' ideologies, which, together with the worldwide economic changes that have contributed to a fiscal crisis of the state, and the resultant policies and circumstances, have led to an increase in the number of 'new homeless' people. This paper attempts to challenge the dominant political discourse on homelessness. The widespread healthcare problems and heterogeneity of homeless people have a particular impact on health services, with many homeless people inappropriately accessing local accident and emergency (A&E) departments because of barriers inhibiting adequate access to primary care. A number of primary care schemes have been successfully implemented to enable the homeless to have better access to appropriate care. However, there is no consistency in the level of services around the United Kingdom (UK), and innovations in service are not widespread and by their nature they are ad hoc. Despite the successes of such schemes, many homeless people still access health care inappropriately. Until homeless people are fully integrated into primary care the situation will not change. The question remains, how can appropriate access be established? A start can be made by building on some of the positive work that is already being done in primary care, but in reality general practitioners (GPs) will be 'swimming against the tide' unless a more integrated policy approach is adopted to tackle homelessness.

Riley, Anthony J; Harding, Geoffrey; Underwood, Martin R; Carter, Yvonne H

2003-01-01

366

Place at the Table: Homeless Veterans and Local Homeless Assistance Planning Networks.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This guidebook is designed to help organizations serving homeless veterans to participate in homeless assistance program planning networks in their communities and access the resources that are available through these networks. This guide describes how lo...

2002-01-01

367

A TYPOLOGY OF DRUG-RELATED OFFENDING AMONG YOUNG HOMELESS INJECTION DRUG USERS  

PubMed Central

Research indicates a link between drug use and offending, particularly amongst high-risk individuals, such as homeless youth. The extent to which such youth interpret their offending as being related to their drug use, though, is understudied. This manuscript investigates the interpretations of drug-related offenses offered by 151 primarily white, male, homeless IDUs aged 16–29 years. Youth were asked specific questions about their drug-related offenses during in-depth interviews as part of a larger study investigating health risks surrounding drug injection between 2004 and 2006. The first section of the manuscript outlines offenses youth revealed committing either in pursuit of or after using a variety of substances. The second part of the manuscript examines the overall context (motivation, environment), and provides a seven-tiered typology of drug-related offending based on youth's interpretations, linking certain drugs to specific offenses within particular contexts. From here, some theoretical and practical implications of the findings are discussed.

Sanders, Bill; Lankenau, Stephen E.; Jackson Bloom, Jennifer; Hathaz, Dodi S.

2011-01-01

368

Living on the margins: older homeless adults in Toronto.  

PubMed

A handful of scholars have acknowledged that, along side the traditional homeless, there are now older people who become homeless for the first time in old age. Few researchers, however, have systematically compared the recent older homeless with the chronic or traditional homeless. In the research presented here, we compare recent older homeless with long-term older homeless adults in Toronto according to their health and wealth, their housing history, and their use of health and social services. Findings indicate that people who become homeless for the first time at older ages have needs that are different from the lifetime elderly homeless and require different approaches to intervention. PMID:17804358

McDonald, Lynn; Dergal, Julie; Cleghorn, Laura

2007-01-01

369

Social Communities and Homelessness: A Broader Concept Analysis of Social Relationships and Homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pathways to and from homelessness were examined from the perspective of people who were both employed and homeless in Calgary, Alberta. Based on data collected through semi-structured open-end interviews (n = 61) with employed homeless people (N estimated at 2,400), we found that respondents identified aspects of five predominant social relationships that had the greatest impact on their present homeless

Micheal L. Shier; Marion E. Jones; John R. Graham

2011-01-01

370

Interactional Analysis Of Chronic Male Homelessness: Respondents' Perspective On Homelessness, Substance Abuse, Criminality\\/criminal History And Efficacy Of Homeless Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is an analysis of qualitative interviews of eleven homeless male respondents about homelessness, substance abuse, criminality\\/criminal history, and mental illness in addition to participant observation (ethnography) with homeless persons within the Cass corridor area and the Central Business District in Detroit, Michigan. The respondents responded to a series of questions about their gateway to homelessness, their community\\/environment, the

Anthony David Mcduffie

2010-01-01

371

Interactional analysis of chronic male homelessness: Respondents' perspective on homelessness, substance abuse, criminality\\/criminal history and efficacy of homeless services  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is an analysis of qualitative interviews of eleven homeless male respondents about homelessness, substance abuse, criminality\\/criminal history, and mental illness in addition to participant observation (ethnography) with homeless persons within the Cass corridor area and the Central Business District in Detroit, Michigan. The respondents responded to a series of questions about their gateway to homelessness, their community\\/environment, the

Anthony D McDuffie

2010-01-01

372

Housing for Aboriginal Youth in the Inner City of Winnipeg  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aboriginal families are highly overrepresented in child welfare caseloads. Major reasons for these high rates of involvement include poverty and housing issues, which contribute to per- ceptions of child neglect. In Winnipeg, the city with the highest proportion of Aboriginal peoples in Canada, low-cost housing is concentrated in core neighbourhoods. Homeless youth in these neighbourhoods, who are involved or have

Jason Brown; Dilly Knol; Sonia Prevost-Derbeckerc; Kelly Andrushko

373

Street youths’ control imbalance and soft and hard drug use  

Microsoft Academic Search

In his control balance theory Charles Tittle maintained that under favorable conditions unbalanced control ratios will lead to different forms of deviance. The type of deviance chosen is argued to depend on the degree of the control imbalance and the desirability the offense presents as a method of altering the imbalance. Utilizing a sample of homeless street youth this study

Stephen W. Baron

2010-01-01

374

Developing Programs for Homeless Veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between 1992 and 2003, services for homeless veterans at the Veterans Affairs Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System went from inappropriate utilization of hospital medical and psychiatric beds, to a continuum of residential treatment, transitional housing, and employment programs through arrangements with private agencies. The authors use elements of Hasenfeld and Brock's Political Economy Model (1991) to explain this transformation in

John Nakashima; Jim McGuire; Stephen Berman; William Daniels

2005-01-01

375

Health care of homeless veterans.  

PubMed

It is important to understand the needs of those veterans who are homeless. We describe characteristics of homeless male veterans and factors associated with needing VA benefits from a two-city, community survey of 531 homeless adults. Overall, 425 were male, of whom 127 were veterans (29.9%). Significantly more veterans had a chronic medical condition and two or more mental health conditions. Only 35.1% identified a community clinic for care compared with 66.8% of non-veterans (P <.01); 47.7% identified a shelter-based clinic and 59.1% reported needing VA benefits. Those reporting this need were less likely to report a medical comorbidity (58.7% vs 76.9%; P =.04), although 66.7% had a mental health comorbidity and 82.7% met Diagnosic Screening Manual (DSM)-IIIR criteria for substance abuse/dependence. They were also significantly more likely to access shelter clinics compared with veterans without this need. Homeless veterans continue to have substantial health issues. Active outreach is needed for those lacking access to VA services. PMID:14687279

O'Toole, Thomas P; Conde-Martel, Alicia; Gibbon, Jeanette L; Hanusa, Barbara H; Fine, Michael J

2003-11-01

376

Macroeconomic Causes of Family Homelessness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The welfare of American families improved steadily for over 20 years after World War II. After the War on Poverty of the 1960s, the number of people living in poverty fell, reaching its lowest point in 1973. During the 1980s, homeless families, including those living in the streets, in cars, and in shelters seemingly appeared out of nowhere. As…

McChesney, Kay Young

377

Library Cards for the Homeless.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a program developed at the San Francisco Public Library to allow homeless residents to apply for library cards, and discusses concerns that had to be addressed, including loss or damage of materials, overdue materials, residency requirements, and state and local funding requirements. Cooperation with public and private service providers…

Landgraf, Mary N.

1991-01-01

378

The Homeless. Opposing Viewpoints Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Books in the Opposing Viewpoints Series present debates about current issues that can be used to teach critical reading and thinking skills. The variety of opinions expressed in this collection of articles and book excerpts explore many aspects of the problem of homelessness. According to a 1994 report by the U..S. Conference of Mayors, the number…

Roleff, Tamara L., Ed.

379

Prepping Homeless Students for School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Yellow School Bus Project (YSBP) was created to provide homeless children with the supplies and clothes they need to succeed in school and feel good about themselves. When given these gifts, they receive the explicit message that they are smart and worthwhile, the implicit message that there are people in the community who are invested in…

Vissing, Yvonne

2004-01-01

380

Education Rights of Homeless Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is designed to help New Jersey parents, guardians, and caregivers understand the legal concepts and procedures involved in disputes over the enrollment of homeless students in local public schools. It also informs them of their legal rights. The requirements of the McKinney Act and of the state regulations concerning the education of…

Education Law Center, Inc., Newark, NJ.

381

Homelessness and Trauma Go Hand-in-Hand”: Pathways to Homelessness among Women Veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundVeterans comprise a disproportionate fraction of the nation’s homeless population, with women veterans up to four times more likely to be homeless than non-veteran women. This paper provides a grounded description of women veterans’ pathways into homelessness.

Alison B. Hamilton; Ines Poza; Donna L. Washington

2011-01-01

382

Counting homeless persons with surveys of users of services for the homeless  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because of their comparative economy, the most commonly used methods for counting the homeless focus on users of shelters, food lines, health clinics for the homeless, and other services for the homeless. This paper argues that surveys restricted to shelter users are of limited usefulness, but that joint surveys of food?line, shelter, and clinic users include very substantial proportions of

Franklin J. James

1991-01-01

383

Distinguishing homelessness from poverty: a comparative study.  

PubMed

To separate the characteristics of the homeless from those of the housed poor, 144 adults were randomly sampled from several sites, yielding 3 groups: the currently homeless (n = 59), the previously (but not currently) homeless (n = 31), and the never-homeless poor (n = 54). The homeless were significantly less likely to be receiving public benefits, were more likely to have a DSM-III (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders [3rd ed.; American Psychiatric Association, 1980]) diagnosis of substance abuse, showed higher levels of self-rated psychological distress and were more likely to be victims of recent domestic violence and to have been physically abused as children. The homeless did not differ from the comparison groups on DSM-III diagnosis of severe mental illness (schizophrenia or major affective disorder). physical health symptoms, and social support and social networks. PMID:7751489

Toro, P A; Bellavia, C W; Daeschler, C V; Owens, B J; Wall, D D; Passero, J M; Thomas, D M

1995-04-01

384

How “Deserving” Are the Most Vulnerable Homeless?  

Microsoft Academic Search

These thoughts on poverty relate to the strengths and needs of shelter programs that lead people who are homeless to self-sufficiency. Demographic data from 4,000 homeless shelter guests over a 4-year period gave evidence that the shelter was an important part of a suburban social service delivery system. It met the short-term needs of many who were homeless. The irony

Anne Hicks-Coolick; Ardith Peters; Ulf Zimmermann

2007-01-01

385

Psychological Help-Seeking in Homeless Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Homeless young people in the UK are a vulnerable group: their levels of psychological problems, physical ill health and violent victimisation exceed those of their housed counterparts.Aims: This qualitative study aimed to examine homeless young people's views about seeking psychological help for their problems.Method: Semi-structured interviews were undertaken with 16 homeless young people at an emergency hostel. A thematic

Pádraig Collins; Chris Barker

2009-01-01

386

HOMELESSNESS AND CONTAINMENT – A PSYCHOTHERAPY PROJECT WITH HOMELESS PEOPLE AND WORKERS IN THE HOMELESS FIELD  

Microsoft Academic Search

A high percentage of homeless people suffer from a severe degree of personality disorder that causes them to fall through the net of psychiatric and caring services. Their persistent inability to maintain an actual dwelling?place as a location of stability and meaning, is also reflected in an inner state of fragility, and in relationship difficulties that lead to destructive behaviours

June Campbell

2006-01-01

387

Prevalence of sexual risk behaviour and substance use among runaway and homeless adolescents in San Francisco, Denver and New York City.  

PubMed

We aim to assess the prevalence of HIV sexual risk behaviours and substance use among runaway and homeless adolescents in San Francisco, Denver and New York City. Survey data were examined from 775 runaway and homeless adolescents recruited from street settings and youth agencies during 1992/1993. Nearly all (98%) reported having engaged in sexual intercourse, of whom 49% first had intercourse by the age of 13. Condom use during all vaginal intercourse in the previous 3 months was reported by 42%. Among males, 23% indicated that they had exchanged sex for money, as did 14% of the females. Ninety-seven per cent had used alcohol or drugs and 21% had injected drugs. Overall, 75% reported having had sex while under the influence of alcohol or drugs. Systematic epidemiological studies of this population and the development of innovative interventions are essential to reduce the threat of HIV among runaway and homeless youth. PMID:9061410

Kral, A H; Molnar, B E; Booth, R E; Watters, J K

1997-02-01

388

Security and subjective wellbeing: the experiences of unaccompanied young people seeking asylum in the UK.  

PubMed

This article considers the relevance of the notion of ontological security - a sense of order, stability, routine and predictability to life - to contemporary conceptualisations of wellbeing. Drawing on in-depth interviews with unaccompanied young people seeking asylum in the UK, it demonstrates how a positive sense of self and being able to visualise a place and role in the world into the future were integral to their notion of wellbeing, offering an important counter to the pervasive sense of living in limbo. The article argues that this fundamental need for a projected self is largely neglected in contemporary discussions on wellbeing. To date the idea of security as a determinant of wellbeing has been primarily constructed around the notion of protection from harm and the provision of the requirements for physical, emotional, economic and social wellbeing in the here and now. Findings from this research suggest that those providing services and support to young people who have experienced trauma need to consider how they might best nurture in them a sense of place, belonging and security into the future. Equally, they have implications for how we conceptualise and operationalise wellbeing more generally. PMID:23301783

Chase, Elaine

2013-01-10

389

Smoking cessation among sheltered homeless: a pilot  

PubMed Central

Objective To test the feasibility and effect of a smoking cessation intervention among sheltered homeless. Methods Homeless smokers were enrolled in a 12-week group counseling program plus pharmacotherapy (n=58). Results The mean number of sessions attended was 7.2, most participants used at least one type of medication (67%) and 75% completed 12-week end of treatment surveys. Carbon monoxide verified abstinence rates at 12 and 24 weeks were 15.5% and 13.6% respectively. Conclusion Results support the feasibility of enrolling and retaining sheltered homeless in a smoking cessation program. Counseling plus pharmacotherapy options may be effective in helping sheltered homeless smokers quit.

Shelley, Donna; Cantrell, Jennifer; Warn, Doug; Wong, Selena

2010-01-01

390

Homeless Lives in New Zealand: the case of central Auckland  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homelessness is a pressing and increasingly visible concern in New Zealand. Many people sleeping rough are male and of Maori or Pacific descent. This research focuses on understanding the nature of resilience through the lived experiences of homeless people. To gain insights into cultures of homelessness, a qualitative case study research design was used to engage six homeless people who

Shiloh Groot; Darrin Hodgetts; Kerry Chamberlain; Alan Radley; Linda Nikora; Ottillie Stolte; Eci Nabalarua

391

Barriers to Psychosocial Services Among Homeless Women Veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Veterans make up a disproportionate fraction of the nation's homeless population, with women veterans up to 4 times more likely to be homeless than nonveteran women. This article provides a grounded description of barriers to psychosocial services among homeless women veterans. Three focus groups were held in Los Angeles, California, with a total of 29 homeless women veterans. These women

Alison B. Hamilton; Ines Poza; Vivian Hines; Donna L. Washington

2012-01-01

392

Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease in Homeless Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background—Homeless people represent an extremely disadvantaged group in North America. Among older homeless men, cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death. The objective of this study was to examine cardiovascular risk factors in a representative sample of homeless adults and identify opportunities for improved risk factor modification. Methods and Results—Homeless persons were randomly selected at shelters for single

Tony C. Lee; John G. Hanlon; Jessica Ben-David; Gillian L. Booth; Warren J. Cantor; Philip W. Connelly; Stephen W. Hwang

2010-01-01

393

No place like home: A study of two homeless shelters  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homelessness is one of the most pressing social problems today. Society has responded to the problem with the creation of homeless shelters. Yet, the nature of the operation of the shelter is not defined. This study explored the operations of two single adult homeless shelters to understand how they operate in addressing the problem of homelessness. The study identified two

Bruce D. Friedman

1994-01-01

394

Homelessness in the United States: An Ecological Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents an ecological perspective on homelessness that emphasizes the context in which homeless people live and the complex interactions between personal, social, economic, and service system resources that affect their well-being. The ecological perspective encourages researchers and program developers to assess the problems of homelessness at multiple levels of analysis, to view homelessness as a result of contextual

Paul A. Toro; Edison J. Trickett; David D. Wall; Deborah A. Salem

1991-01-01

395

Gender Differences in Self-Reported Reasons for Homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to illustrate some of the ways in which the perceived pathways into homelessness are socially structured. We do this by examining the relative frequency of 11 different reasons homeless males and females cite for being homeless. Males were more likely to cite the following as their main reasons for homelessness: loss of a job,

Richard Tessler; Robert Rosenheck; Gail Gamache

2001-01-01

396

Medically Uninsured and the Homeless  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a \\u000a Alice Crowley is a 34 year old who lives out of her car. She lost her house 2 years ago when her boyfriend left her and she\\u000a could no longer afford their apartment. She lives by herself; her 4 year old daughter child was taken by Child Protective\\u000a Services. She gets an occasional meal at one of the homeless centers,

Jennifer Vanderleest

397

Use of the Health Care for the Homeless Program Services and Other Health Care Services by Homeless Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined factors associated with the use of the Health Care for the Homeless Program and other health care services by homeless adults. A total of 941 homeless adults were identified in 52 soup kitchens in U.S. communities. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression models were applied. Among homeless adults, having dental problems was the most robust factor associated with

Chief Barbara L. Wells; MHS Deputy Chief Amy M. Taylor

2003-01-01

398

Use Of The Health Care For The Homeless Program Services And Other Health Care Services By Homeless Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined factors associated with the use of the Health Care for the Homeless Program and other health care services by homeless adults. A total of 941 homeless adults were identified in 52 soup kitchens in U.S. communities. Descriptive statistics and logistic regres- sion models were applied. Among homeless adults, having dental prob- lems was the most robust factor

Beth Han; Barbara L. Wells; Amy M. Taylor

2003-01-01

399

Use of the Health Care for the Homeless Program Services and Other Health Care Services by Homeless Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

:This study examined factors associated with the use of the Health Care for the Homeless Program and other health care services by homeless adults. A total of 941 homeless adults were identified in 52 soup kitchens in U.S. communities. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression models were applied. Among homeless adults, having dental problems was the most robust factor associated with

Beth Han; Barbara L. Wells; Amy M. Taylor

2003-01-01

400

Pharmaceutical research involving the homeless.  

PubMed

Discussions of research involving vulnerable populations have left the homeless comparatively ignored. Participation by these subjects in drug studies has the potential to be upsetting, inconvenient, or unpleasant. Participation occasionally produces injury, health emergencies, and chronic health problems. Nonetheless, no ethical justification exists for the categorical exclusion of homeless persons from research. The appropriate framework for informed consent for these subjects of pharmaceutical research is not a single event of oral or written consent, but a multi-staged arrangement of disclosure, dialogue, and permission-giving. Payments and other rewards in biomedical research raise issues of whether it is ethical to offer inducements to the homeless in exchange for participation in drug studies. Such inducements can influence desperate persons who are seriously lacking in resources. The key is to strike a balance between a rate of payment high enough that it does not exploit subjects by underpayment and low enough that it does not create an irresistible inducement. This proposal does not underestimate the risks of research, which are often overestimated and need to be appraised in light of the relevant empirical literature. PMID:12461710

Beauchamp, Tom L; Jennings, Bruce; Kinney, Eleanor D; Levine, Robert J

2002-10-01

401

Homeless Children: The Watchers and the Waiters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book takes an interdisciplinary approach in discussing the issue of homeless children and the resolution of the problem. An introduction by Nancy A. Boxill presents background on the nature of the problem and summarizes the subsequent papers. "Home and Homelessness in the Lives of Children" by Leanne G. Rivlin analyzes the impact on children…

Boxill, Nancy A., Ed.

402

Housing Outcomes for Hospitalized Homeless Veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines housing status at the time of hospital discharge in a national sample of 3,502 veterans who were homeless at admission to a Veterans Health Adminis- tration (VHA) medical center. A supplemental survey on homelessness was added to the annual VHA inpatient census over a 4-year period (1995 through 1998). Data from this survey were used to identify

Greg A. Greenberg; Jennifer Hoblyn; Catherine Seibyl; Robert A. Rosenheck

2006-01-01

403

Spirituality and Mental Health among Homeless Mothers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Mothers are one of the fastest growing segments of the homeless population in the United States. Although mental health problems often contribute to homelessness, little is known about the factors that affect mothers' mental health. To help identify protective factors, this longitudinal study examined the relationship between spirituality and…

Hodge, David R.; Moser, Stephanie E.; Shafer, Michael S.

2012-01-01

404

Food insecurity among homeless and runaway adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of food insecurity and factors related to it among homeless and runaway adolescents. Design: Computer-assisted personal interviews were conducted with homeless and runaway adolescents directly on the streets and in shelters. Setting: Interviews were conducted in eight Midwest cities: Des Moines, Cedar Rapids, Iowa City, Kansas City, Lincoln, Omaha,

Les B. Whitbeck; Xiaojin Chen; Kurt D. Johnson

2006-01-01

405

New Strategies and Collaborations Target Homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homelessness is back in the news, and is receiving increased attention from policy makers. Some communities have experienced a surge in homelessness, attributed to the slowing of the nation's economy alongside continued strength in metropolitan housing markets. New York City, faced with a record number of families in its shelter system this summer, drew the wrath of advocates when it

Dennis P Culhane

2002-01-01

406

Neuropsychological and Cognitive Performance of Homeless Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many homeless people may have been exposed to events and situations that could potentially produce neuropsychological impairments. In the current study, 80 homeless participants underwent a battery of tests designed to 1) estimate long-standing established memory and intelligence, which was assumed to indicate prehomeless function and 2) measure current memory and intelligence function. Mental health screening and substance misuse data

Graham Pluck; Rajan David; Sean A. Spence; Randolph W. Parks

2012-01-01

407

Homeless Housing: HUD's Shelter Programs. Updated.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper briefly discusses new housing programs for the homeless sponsored by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), the funding provided by the 100th Congress, and two additional HUD programs to aid the homeless. The following four programs are discussed: (1) the Emergency Shelter Program; (2) the Transitional Housing Program,…

Vanhorenbeck, Susan M.

408

Helping Homeless People: Unique Challenges and Solutions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is designed to provide a practical guide for gaining a detailed awareness and understanding of homelessness. After a foreword by Jesse Jackson, these chapters are included: (1) Introduction: Assessing the Unique Needs of Homeless People (Clemmie Solomon), which discusses the need for helping professionals to commit to addressing…

Solomon, Clemmie, Ed.; Jackson-Jobe, Peggy, Ed.

409

Measuring pain in the context of homelessness  

PubMed Central

Purpose The primary objective of this study was to inform the development of measures of pain impact appropriate for all respondents, including homeless individuals, so that they can be used in clinical research and practice. The secondary objective was to increase understanding about the unique experience of homeless people with pain. Methods Seventeen homeless individuals with chronic health conditions (often associated with pain) participated in cognitive interviews to test the functioning of 56 pain measurement items and provided information about their experience living with and accessing treatment for pain. Results The most common problems identified with items were that they lacked clarity or were irrelevant in the context of homelessness. Items that were unclear, irrelevant and/or had other identified problems made it difficult for participants to respond. Participants also described multiple ways in which their pain was exacerbated by conditions of homelessness and identified barriers to accessing appropriate treatment. Conclusions Results suggested that the majority of items were problematic for the homeless and require substantial modifications to make the pain impact bank relevant to this population. Additional recommendations include involving homeless in future item bank development, conducting research on the topic of pain and homelessness, and using cognitive interviewing in other types of health disparities research.

Matter, Rebecca; Kline, Susan; Cook, Karon F.; Amtmann, Dagmar

2009-01-01

410

Art Messaging to Engage Homeless Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

:Background: Art has been shown to be an empowering and engaging entity with numerous benefits to vulnerable populations, including the homeless persons and young adults. However, little is known how homeless young adults perceive the use of art as messages that can communicate the danger of initiating or continuing drug and alcohol use.Objectives: The purpose of this study was to

Manuel Cuchilla; Farinaz Kahilifard; Alexandra Slagle; Julie Orser; Glenna Avila; Alexandra Thomas; Adeline Nyamathi; Angela Hudson

2011-01-01

411

Art Messaging to Engage Homeless Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Art has been shown to be an empowering and engaging entity with numerous benefits to vulnerable populations, including the homeless persons and young adults. However, little is known how homeless young adults perceive the use of art as messages that can communicate the danger of initiating or continuing drug and alcohol use. Objectives: The purpose of this study was

Manuel Cuchilla; Farinaz Kahilifard; Alexandra Slagle; Julie Orser; Glenna Avila; Alexandra Thomas; Adeline Nyamathi; Angela Hudson

2011-01-01

412

Working to End Family Homelessness. Annual Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Center on Family Homelessness is determined to end family homelessness. Sheltering families provides a temporary safe haven. Connecting families to permanent housing, essential services, and critical supports can change their lives forever. Through research the Center learns what families need to rebound from the housing, economic,…

National Center on Family Homelessness (NJ1), 2012

2012-01-01

413

Understanding homelessness using a simulated nursing experience.  

PubMed

Students have an opportunity to understand the full experience of being homeless using simulated community nursing situations with a high-fidelity simulator. The Community Nursing Practice Model provides a context for using this innovative teaching strategy to enable students to respond holistically to the needs of the homeless. PMID:19574760

Barry, Charlotte D; Blum, Cynthia Ann; Eggenberger, Terry L; Palmer-Hickman, Candice L; Mosley, Rebecca

414

Alcoholism, Drug Abuse, and the Homeless.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews policies that address substance abuse among the homeless. Recommends that the changing needs of the homeless require an integration of alcoholism and drug abuse recovery services with programs for various groups, substance-free housing, and psychological knowledge incorporated into programs for those struggling with addiction and…

McCarty, Dennis; And Others

1991-01-01

415

Healthcare Needs of the Transgender Homeless Population  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the first of three articles in this issue of The Journal of Gay and Lesbian Mental Health documenting the proceedings of the workshop “The Psychiatric Needs of the Transgender Homeless Population” at the 2009 American Psychiatric Association's Institute on Psychiatric Services Conference in New York City. This article describes some of the healthcare needs of the transgender homeless

Shane S. Spicer

2010-01-01

416

Homeless patients' experience of satisfaction with care  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores homeless individuals' experiences of satisfaction with health care, and explores the interrelationship among experiences of being homeless, health perceptions of participants, and experiences of satisfaction with health care. It presents the findings of a phenomenological study that was conducted using participants selected from five sites in one southeastern state. Participant interviews were conducted at a nurse-managed primary

Susan McCabe; Carol L. Macnee; Mary Kay Anderson

2001-01-01

417

Chronically Homeless Women's Perceived Deterrents to Contraception  

Microsoft Academic Search

METHODS: A representative sample of 974 currently homeless women surveyed in Los Angeles County in 1997 includ- ed 229 who were chronically homeless and at risk for unintended pregnancy. The relationships between perceived de- terrents among these women and their frequency of contraceptive use were evaluated using chi-square tests. Logistic regression analyses were performed to identify independent predictors of contraceptive

Lillian Gelberg; Barbara Leake; Michael C. Lu; Ronald Andersen; Hal Morgenstern; Carole Browner

418

Covering the homeless: The Joyce Brown story  

Microsoft Academic Search

This analysis examines how network news makes sense of the homeless. We interpret three conventional news narratives and a 60 Minutes story about Joyce Brown, a homeless woman who, against her will, was institutionalized by the city of New York. We examine then how television news marks boundaries between the marginal and the mainstream, between a major socioeconomic problem demanding

Richard Campbell; Jimmie L. Reeves

1989-01-01

419

Homeless Housing: HUD's Shelter Programs. Updated.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper briefly discusses new housing programs for the homeless sponsored by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), the funding provided by the 100th Congress, and two additional HUD programs to aid the homeless. The following four programs are discussed: (1) the Emergency Shelter Program; (2) the Transitional Housing Program,…

Vanhorenbeck, Susan M.

420

Veterans and Homelessness, February 4, 2013.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have brought renewed attention to the needs of veterans, including the needs of homeless veterans. Researchers have found both male and female veterans to be overrepresented in the homeless population, and as the number of...

L. Perl

2013-01-01

421

THEORETICAL MODELS IN THE HOMELESS POPULATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ever since the early eighties, the study of homeless people has been addressed from many theoretical viewpoints. The purpose of this work is, first, to carry out a review of the main studies that have addressed the phenomenon of homelessness from an explicit theoretical model; and second, to study in depth one of the theoretical frameworks that has received the

Manuel Muñoz; Carmelo Vázquez; Sonia Panadero; Aida de Vicente

422

Homeless and a Student at School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes predicaments students may face if their families are temporarily homeless, which can seriously affect their health and education. A study of temporarily homeless Scottish families shows that teachers may be unaware of such situations and the ramifications for student health, school attendance, and school performance. Creative inservice…

Powney, Janet

2001-01-01

423

Skin cancer screening in the homeless population.  

PubMed

The homeless population is a medically vulnerable patient population in our communities. Of particular concern to dermatologists is the risk for the development of skin cancer in the homeless, in light of their chronic sun exposure and suboptimal sun protection behaviors. Two free skin cancer screenings conducted at the Fourth Street Clinic in Salt Lake City, Utah, in 2011 and 2012, resulted in the diagnosis of 13 skin cancers in 62 patients. These events also highlighted that many homeless patients had suboptimal skin cancer prevention behaviors. We believe that education, awareness, and disease prevention can be relatively easily accomplished by local homeless clinics as a first line of defense against skin cancer in the homeless population. PMID:23374956

Wilde, Megan; Jones, Benjamin; Lewis, Bethany K; Hull, Christopher M

2013-01-15

424

Correlates of adult assault among homeless women.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to assess predictors of sexual and physical assault among homeless women. A multivariate, correlation design was utilized to identify independent correlates of adult physical and sexual assault. The sample consisted of 202 homeless women residing in shelters or living on the street in the Skid Row area of Los Angeles. Respondents reporting a history of child sexual abuse were almost four times more likely to report being sexually assaulted as adults and were almost two and one third times more likely to report being physically assaulted as adults. A range of factors increase homeless women's risk of adult physical and sexual victimization, including child sexual abuse, substance use, lifetime sex trade activity, and previous incarceration. It is important for homeless service providers to develop an individual risk profile for homeless women and to intervene in order to decrease their risk of re-victimization. PMID:21099076

Hudson, Angela L; Wright, Kynna; Bhattacharya, Debika; Sinha, Karabi; Nyamathi, Adeline; Marfisee, Mary

2010-11-01

425

Mental disorder, subsistence strategies, and victimization among gay, lesbian, and bisexual homeless and runaway adolescents.  

PubMed

This study compares participation in deviant subsistence strategies, street victimization, and lifetime prevalence of five mental disorders (conduct disorder, major depressive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, alcohol abuse, and drug abuse) among heterosexual males and females (n = 366) and gay, lesbian, and bisexual (n = 63) homeless and runaway adolescents from the first wave of a longitudinal study of homeless youth in four Midwestern states. The results indicate that gay, lesbian, and bisexual adolescents were more likely to have been physically and sexually abused by caretakers, we more likely to engage in risky survival strategies when on their own (including survival sex), were more likely to be physically and sexually victimized when on the streets, and were more likely to meet criteria for mental disorder than were their heterosexual counterparts. PMID:15765273

Whitbeck, Les B; Chen, Xiaojin; Hoyt, Dan R; Tyler, Kimberly A; Johnson, Kurt D

2004-11-01

426

Positive Impact of a Shelter-based Hepatitis B Vaccine Program in Homeless Baltimore Children and Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homeless youth are at increased risk for hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and HBV vaccine coverage is poor in this group.\\u000a The purpose of our study was to determine if a shelter-based HBV vaccine program in children and adolescents 2–18 years of\\u000a age with a randomized controlled trial using a culturally appropriate HBV video could increase HBV vaccine coverage rates.\\u000a Subjects

Kathleen Schwarz; Beth Garrett; Jennifer Lee; Douglas Thompson; Thelma Thiel; Miriam J. Alter; Stephanie Strathdee

2008-01-01

427

Forget Me Not, 2000. Help Homeless Kids Blossom: Kids' Day on Capitol Hill. Educational Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet presents educational materials to help teachers, students, and parents understand homelessness. Section 1, "America's Homeless Children: Educational Information for Students, Teachers, and Parents," discusses what it is like to be homeless, how many children are homeless, how homelessness is harmful, how children become homeless, and…

Better Homes Fund, Newton, MA.

428

Committee opinion no. 576: health care for homeless women.  

PubMed

: Homelessness continues to be a significant problem in the United States. Women and families represent the fastest growing segment of the homeless population. Health care for these women is a challenge but an important issue that needs to be addressed. Homeless women are at higher risk of injury and illness and are less likely to obtain needed health care than women who are not homeless. It is essential to undertake efforts to prevent homelessness, to expand community-based services for the homeless, and to provide adequate health care for this underserved population. Health care providers can help address the needs of homeless individuals by identifying their own patients who may be homeless or at risk of becoming homeless, educating these patients about available resources in the community, treating their health problems, and offering preventive care. PMID:24084568

2013-10-01

429

Brief motivational intervention with homeless adolescents: evaluating effects on substance use and service utilization.  

PubMed

A brief motivational intervention with 117 homeless adolescents was evaluated using a randomized design and 3-month follow-up. The intervention was designed to raise youths' concerns about their substance use, support harm reduction, and encourage greater service utilization at a collaborating agency. The study was designed to strengthen initial promising results of an earlier study (P. L. Peterson, J. S. Baer, E. A. Wells, J. A. Ginzler, & S. B. Garrett, 2006). Several modifications in the clinical protocol were included to enhance engagement with the intervention. Analyses revealed no significant benefits for intervention participants when homeless youths' substance use rates were compared with those of control participants. Service utilization during the intervention period increased for those receiving the intervention but returned to baseline levels at follow-up. Participants reported overall reductions in substance use over time. Differences between sampling methods for the current and previous study are discussed, as are the limitations of brief interventions with this population. Future research needs to elucidate mechanisms of change and service engagement for highly vulnerable youth. PMID:18072842

Baer, John S; Garrett, Sharon B; Beadnell, Blair; Wells, Elizabeth A; Peterson, Peggy L

2007-12-01

430

Sexual Maltreatment of Unaccompanied Asylum-Seeking Minors from the Horn of Africa: A Mixed Method Study Focusing on Vulnerability and Prevention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objectives: The study described in this paper sought to identify the social, cultural, and political factors that effect African unaccompanied asylum-seeking minors' (UASM) vulnerability to sexual maltreatment in England. It aimed to illuminate how child protection measures could be strengthened for this highly marginalized group. Methods: A…

Lay, Margaret; Papadopoulos, Irena

2009-01-01

431

Nutrition and health services needs among the homeless.  

PubMed Central

This review discusses nutrition and related health problems among homeless Americans, summarizes recent information, and identifies needs for services and future research. The nature of homelessness today provides a context for the discussion. Many homeless persons eat fewer meals per day, lack food more often, and are more likely to have inadequate diets and poorer nutritional status than housed U.S. populations. Yet many homeless people eligible for food stamps do not receive them. While public and private agencies provide nutritious food and meals for homeless persons, availability of the services to homeless persons is limited. Many homeless people lack appropriate health care, and certain nutrition-related health problems are prevalent among them. Compared with housed populations, alcoholism, anemia, and growth problems are more common among homeless persons, and pregnancy rates are higher. The risks vary among homeless persons for malnutrition, nutrition-related health problems, drug and alcohol abuse, and mental illness. For example, among homeless persons, fewer heads of families than single adults are substance abusers, and mental illness varies in prevalence among single men, single women, and parents in homeless families. Homeless persons need improved access to food, nutrition, and health services. More nutrition education needs to be available to them and to service providers. Use of representative samples and validation of self-reported nutrition and health data will help future investigators to clarify the relationships between the characteristics of the homeless and their nutritional status.

Wiecha, J L; Dwyer, J T; Dunn-Strohecker, M

1991-01-01

432

34 CFR 300.19 - Homeless children.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Homeless children. 300.19 Section 300.19 Education Regulations of the Offices...REHABILITATIVE SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ASSISTANCE TO STATES FOR THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES...

2013-07-01

433

Use of psychiatric services by homeless veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patients treated in a Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) emergency room were evaluated to delineate the differences in use\\u000a of services between homeless and domiciled veterans who have mental disorders. Data were obtained and compared on DSM-III-R\\u000a diagnoses, number of hospitalizations, lengths of stay, and outpatient visits in the preceding year. Homeless veterans with\\u000a mental disorders were significantly more likely

Jeffrey Stovall; Joseph A. Flaherty; Blake Bowden; Michael Schoeny

1997-01-01

434

Health care for homeless veterans. Final rule.  

PubMed

This final rule establishes regulations for contracting with community-based treatment facilities in the Health Care for Homeless Veterans (HCHV) program of the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). The HCHV program assists certain homeless veterans in obtaining treatment from non-VA community-based providers. The final rule formalizes VA's policies and procedures in connection with this program and clarifies that veterans with substance use disorders may qualify for the program. PMID:21894657

2011-08-23

435

Employment Difficulties Experienced by Employed Homeless People: Labor Market Factors That Contribute to and Maintain Homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Labor market issues and challenges are primarily understood at an individual level, entrenched socially in policies and initiatives that seek to improve the workplace skills of people having difficulty attaching to the labor market, including people experiencing homelessness. In fact, the labor market is perceived to alleviate a person's situation of homelessness. In 2008 and 2009 qualitative data was collected

Micheal L. Shier; Marion E. Jones; John R. Graham

2012-01-01

436

Homeless Women, Parents, and Children: A Triangulation Approach Analyzing Factors Influencing Homelessness and Child Separation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many homeless women become separated from their children. The purpose of this study is to determine the predictors of entering a shelter with or without children and predictors of being separated from one or more children. Further, the authors also seek to understand the unique experience of homeless mothers separated from children. Findings suggest that women with mental illnesses and

Hilary M. Dotson

2011-01-01

437

2- Changing Homeless and Mainstream Service Systems: Essential Approaches to Ending Homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Martha Burt and Brooke Spellman focus on how federal policy and state and local action have stimulated the development of homeless assistance networks and how those networks are evolving to address ending homelessness. While little formal research has been done on this subject, the authors present frameworks for assessing system change as well as describe promising practices from the field.

Martha R. Burt; Brooke E. Spellman

438

Predictors of Retention in a Homeless Veteran Intervention Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study assessed the value of a specific set of client variables in predicting treatment phase retention and overall program completion of an intervention treatment program for homeless veterans. Treatment programs can improve the lives of homeless ind...

D. J. Cote

2012-01-01

439

24 CFR 578.57 - Homeless Management Information System.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Homeless Management Information System. 578.57 Section 578.57 Housing...Components and Eligible Costs § 578.57 Homeless Management Information System. (a) Eligible costs....

2013-04-01

440

Job Training for the Homeless: Report on Demonstration's First Year.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Job training and support services for homeless individuals served by the Job Training for the Homeless Demonstration Program exceeded planned levels of participants served, trained, and placed, according to the report. Almost 50 percent more than planned,...

L. N. Bailis M. Blasinsky S. Chesnutt M. Tecco

1991-01-01

441

Medicalizing homelessness: the production of self-blame and self-governing within homeless shelters.  

PubMed

This article draws upon three years of ethnographic research within an emergency homeless shelter in Massachusetts to explore the subject-making effects of routine shelter helping practices. A medicalized discourse of deviancy is uncovered that provides the dominant conceptual framework within which both concerned homeless people and shelter staff remain enmeshed. As a result, helping practices focus on detecting, diagnosing, and treating understood deviancy within the bodies or selves of homeless people. The dominant discursive practices produce homeless subjects who learn to look within their selves for the "cause" of their homelessness. Treatment focuses on reforming and governing the self. Alternative discourses suggesting the need for practices challenging broader political economic processes are thus marginalized as peripheral and unreasonable. PMID:11036582

Lyon-Callo, V

2000-09-01

442

An Examination of Transgender Youth: Support Networks and Mental Health Concerns  

Microsoft Academic Search

Currently there is a paucity of psychological literature dedicated to the transgender community, and the literature specifically addressing gender nonconforming youth is almost nonexistent. However, adolescents who do not adhere to typical gender roles are particularly vulnerable to experiencing negative life events (i.e., homelessness, victimization, stigmatization, familial and peer rejection) that may increase their risk for developing mental health problems.

Jessica Bolton

2009-01-01

443

Runaway and Throwaway Youth: Time for Policy Changes and Public Responsibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

The traditional American dream of owning a home, obtaining a college education, and working at a good, paying job is only that, a dream, for scores of homeless youth in America today. There is a growing street population of young people who have been thrown out of their homes by their caretakers or their families, and who face life-threatening situations

Ira Colby

2011-01-01

444

Mentoring and Social Skills Training: Ensuring Better Outcomes for Youth in Foster Care  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Youth in foster care face significant life challenges that make it more likely that they will face negative outcomes (i.e., school failure, homelessness, and incarceration). While the reason(s) for out-of-home placement (i.e., family violence, abuse, neglect and/or abandonment) provide some context for negative outcomes, such negative outcomes…

Williams, Charles A.

2011-01-01

445

Self-Control, Social Consequences, and Criminal Behavior: Street Youth and the General Theory of Crime  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a sample of 400 homeless street youth, this article examines the role that self- control plays in the generation of crime and drug use as well as its link to negative social consequences. It also explores if these social consequences are themselves related to crime as predicted in strain and differential association theory, or if their impact is eliminated

Stephen W. Baron

2003-01-01

446

41 CFR 102-75.1200 - How may representatives of the homeless apply for the use of properties to assist the homeless?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false How may representatives of the homeless apply for the use of properties to assist the homeless? 102-75.1200 Section 102-75...Use of Federal Real Property to Assist the Homeless Application Process §...

2009-07-01

447

41 CFR 102-75.1200 - How may representatives of the homeless apply for the use of properties to assist the homeless?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false How may representatives of the homeless apply for the use of properties to assist the homeless? 102-75.1200 Section 102-75...Use of Federal Real Property to Assist the Homeless Application Process §...

2010-07-01

448

Foster Care Placement, Poor Parenting, and Negative Outcomes Among Homeless Young Adults  

PubMed Central

Although homeless youth with and without foster care histories both face adverse life circumstances, little is known about how these two groups compare in terms of their early histories and whether they face similar outcomes. As such, we compared those with and without a history of foster care placement to determine if the associations between a history of poor parenting and negative outcomes including depression, delinquency, physical and sexual victimization, and substance use, are similar for these two groups. The sample consisted of 172 homeless young adults from the Midwestern United States. Multivariate results revealed that among those previously in foster care, a history of physical abuse and neglect were positively associated with more depressive symptoms whereas sexual abuse and neglect were related to delinquency and physical victimization. Additionally, lower caretaker monitoring was linked to greater delinquent participation. Among those without a history of foster care, physical abuse was related to more depressive symptoms whereas sexual abuse was positively correlated with delinquency, sexual victimization, and substance use. Furthermore, lower monitoring was related to more substance use. Our findings are discussed in terms of a social stress framework and we review the implications of foster care placement for homeless young adults.

Melander, Lisa A.

2010-01-01

449

Correlates of street-survival behaviors in homeless young adults in four U.S. cities.  

PubMed

This study assessed the prevalence and correlates of behaviors used by homeless young people to survive on the streets. Survival behaviors include prostitution, selling blood or plasma, dealing drugs, stealing, and panhandling. One hundred ninety-six homeless young adults from 4 metropolitan areas-Los Angeles, CA (n = 50); Austin, TX (n = 50); Denver, CO (n = 50); and St. Louis, MO (n = 46)-participated in individual, semistructured, face-to-face interviews. Researchers predicted that youth transience would be related to high rates of survival behaviors. Multivariate logistic regression was used to test a model predicting relationships between survival behaviors and transience, employment, substance use, and social support. Young adults who were transient, unemployed, drug-addicted, and reliant on peers for help were more likely to use these survival behaviors. In addition, among the transient subsample, being White, more reliant on peers for help, more transient, and having been victimized were associated with high use of these survival behaviors. Identification of the environmental and demographic factors associated with survival behaviors suggests that there may be value in combining harm-reduction strategies with efforts to reduce the transience of homeless young adults. PMID:21729020

Ferguson, Kristin M; Bender, Kimberly; Thompson, Sanna; Xie, Bin; Pollio, David

2011-07-01

450

The Boston HAPPENS program: needs and use of services by HIV-positive compared to at-risk youth, including gender differences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The Boston HAPPENS (HIV Adolescent Provider and Peer Education Network for Services) Program is a linked services network of care for HIV-positive, homeless, and at risk youth in Metropolitan Boston funded by the Special Projects of National Significance Program. This report studies the needs and use of services by HIV-positive youth compared with negative and untested at-risk youth, including

Elizabeth R. Woods; Cathryn L. Samples; Maurice W. Melchiono; Peter M. Keenan; Durrell J. Fox; Louise H. Chase; Michelle A. Burns; Virginia A. Price; Jan Paradise; Rebecca O’Brien; Richard A. Claytor; Robyn Brooke; Elizabeth Goodman

2000-01-01

451

Local metropolitan government responses to homelessness in South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines metropolitan government responses to homelessness in South Africa, including the context of responses, preparedness to respond, factors influencing responses, shelter locations, and homeless persons' views. Whereas the literature emphasises the need for spatial or physical interventions, this research, using multiple case studies, found that three out of four metropolitan municipalities viewed homelessness primarily as a social dependency

Jacques Louis du Toit

2010-01-01

452

A trip to the library: homelessness and social inclusion  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores homeless men's visits to a public library. It shows how homeless men identified the library as a space for safety and social participation, at a time when the regional newspaper published an item questioning the appropriateness of their presence in the library. The news report promotes universal narratives that would exclude homeless people, showing the intimate relationship

Darrin Hodgetts; Ottilie Stolte; Kerry Chamberlain; Alan Radley; Linda Nikora; Eci Nabalarua; Shiloh Groot

2008-01-01

453

Federal Plan to Address Homelessness Recognizes Size, Complexity of Problem  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Clinton administration's homelessness plan represents a departure from past federal efforts in recognizing the scope, complexity, and structural causes of homelessness. Most importantly, it provides a much improved conceptual framework for the design of future efforts to reduce homelessness, particularly the recognition that mainstream programs and policies must be enlisted in this fight to avoid expanding the emergency housing

Dennis P Culhane

1995-01-01

454

Images of the homeless: Public views and media messages  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite its potential policy relevance, public opinion about homelessness has received little attention from researchers. This deficiency is addressed here by bringing together data obtained in four recent surveys. The survey results indicate that many Americans accurately perceive the characteristics of homeless people, consider homelessness a serious problem with structural roots, and support a variety of measures intended to solve

Barrett A. Lee; Bruce G. Link; Paul A. Toro

1991-01-01

455

Landscapes on the Margins: Gender and homelessness in Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

This introductory article examines the issue of gendered homelessness and asks why so little academic feminist writing addresses this theme. The article begins with reference to a feminist novel—The Longings of Women by Marge Piercy—that does tackle this matter. The invisibility of the novel's homeless character is used as a way of introducing some distinctions between women's and men's homelessness.

FRAN KLODAWSKY

2006-01-01

456

Understanding Dignity in the Lives of Homeless Persons  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current investigation is a planned, systematic study of dignity as critical to understanding the experience of homelessness and improving services and programs for the homeless. Specifically, we conducted a thematic content analysis of interviews with 24 homeless men and women to identify their perception of specific environmental events that validate and invalidate dignity. In addition, we explored the impact

Alison B. Miller; Christopher B. Keys

2001-01-01

457

Homeless Children in America: Challenges for the 1990s.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The 1980s brought an unprecedented rise in the number of homeless families with children. That there may be as many as three million homeless persons in the United States, with families representing one-third of this population, indicates that homelessness is a social problem of catastrophic proportions. This paper finds that while Federal…

Rafferty, Yvonne

458

POLICE EXPERIENCES AND RESPONSES RELATED TO THE HOMELESS  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a national study of the nation's largest police agencies (N=521) data were gathered on police department policies, practices, and experiences in dealing with the homeless. Salient findings showed that few departments provide training or have specific organizational resources directed toward the homeless. Even fewer had formal policies or practices related to the homeless. The police acknowledged they need to

David L. Carter; Allen D. Sapp

1993-01-01

459

Survey of Needs: Single Homeless Men. Denver Metro Area, 1993.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Adult Learning Source Homeless Program of the Colorado Department of Education conducted an educational needs assessment of single homeless men in the Denver metropolitan area. A questionnaire was developed with the input of social services workers and administered to 74 homeless men in the summer of 1993. Forty-one percent were White, 24…

Colorado State Dept. of Education, Denver.

460

How Can Schools Help Children from Homeless Families?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School districts must address health and academic challenges homeless children bring to school by forming community-based task forces, helping homeless shelters address families' needs, increasing staff awareness, and developing strategies to encourage homeless children's academic success. The paper notes opportunities for staff involvement and…

Wiley, David C.; Ballard, Danny J.

1993-01-01

461

Factors limiting evaluation of health care programs for the homeless  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the current emphasis on health care cost containment, efforts to evaluate effectiveness, efficiency, and appropriateness of care have become increasingly important to the viability of programs for the homeless. A survey of 93 administrators of health care programs for the homeless has helped identify key information needed to evaluate homeless programs, along with actual and potential barriers to data

Juanita K. Hunter; Frances Crosby; Marlene R. Ventura; Lora Warkentin

1997-01-01

462

Housing Histories and Homeless Careers: A Biographical Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Though distinctions are commonly drawn between the long-term and more recently homeless, our understanding as to the nature and shape of what Randall refers to as 'homeless careers' is limited as are our understandings of the dynamics driving those careers. This is because studies of homelessness have seldom incorporated a longitudinal dimension or have worked with only a simplistic and

Jon May

2000-01-01

463

A Comparison of National Emergency Department Use by Homeless versus Non-Homeless People in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. A single-site study described differences between homeless and non-homeless patient utilization of the emergency department (ED). No prior study has examined ED use by the homeless on a national level. Objective.To analyze national ED utilization by homeless patients. Methods. Data were extracted from the 2005 National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey. SAS callable SUDAAN was used to produce national

Allison Tadros Gary Oates; MPA MSW Stephen M. Davis

2009-01-01

464

Homelessness and CKD: A Cohort Study  

PubMed Central

Summary Background and objectives This study examined the associations between homelessness and clinical outcomes of CKD among adults from the urban healthcare safety net. Design, setting, participants, & measurements This retrospective cohort study examined 15,343 adults with CKD stages 3–5 who received ambulatory care during 1996–2005 from the Community Health Network of San Francisco. Main outcome measures were time to ESRD or death and frequency of emergency department visits and hospitalizations. Results Overall, 858 persons (6%) with CKD stages 3–5 were homeless. Homeless adults were younger, were disproportionately male and uninsured, and suffered from far higher rates of depression and substance abuse compared with adults with stable housing (P<0.001 for all comparisons). Over a median follow-up of 2.8 years (interquartile range=1.4–6.1), homeless adults experienced significantly higher crude risk of ESRD or death (hazard ratio=1.82, 95% confidence interval=1.49–2.22) compared with housed adults. This elevated risk was attenuated but remained significantly higher (adjusted hazard ratio=1.28, 95% confidence interval=1.04–1.58) after controlling for differences in sociodemographics, comorbid conditions, and laboratory variables. Homeless adults were also far more likely to use acute care services (median [interquartile range] number of emergency department visits was 9 [4–20] versus 1 [0–4], P<0.001) than housed counterparts. Conclusions Homeless adults with CKD suffer from increased morbidity and mortality and use costly acute care services far more frequently than peers who are stably housed. These findings warrant additional inquiry into the unmet health needs of the homeless with CKD to provide appropriate and effective care to this disadvantaged group.

Choi, Andy I.; Himmelfarb, Jonathan; Chertow, Glenn M.; Bindman, Andrew B.

2012-01-01

465

Up the Down Staircase: A Look at Family Homelessness in New Jersey. A Report of Homes for the Homeless.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to the increasing numbers of homeless families, Homes for the Homeless surveyed families in emergency shelters in Newark (New Jersey) to gain some insights into the characteristics and circumstances of urban homeless families. Newark was chosen because it is a large urban center with a high concentration of welfare recipients that is…

Institute for Children and Poverty, New York, NY.

466

The Changing Structure of the Homeless Population in Cork City: Implications for Theories of Homelessness and Service Provision  

Microsoft Academic Search

The last two decades have seen extensive reform of policy on homelessness in Ireland, but these changes have not been underpinned by any extensive research which would shed light on the causes of homelessness and help in the design of settlement services. This article, which describes the results of the first detailed survey of the homeless population of Cork city,

Michelle Norris; Noreen Kearns

2000-01-01

467

Risk factors for first-time homelessness in low-income women.  

PubMed

Determinants of first-time homelessness were evaluated in Sacramento, California and Lehigh Valley, Pennsylvania. First-time homeless women had more cumulative risks for homelessness than low-income never-homeless women, even with the putative advantage of higher levels of education. Solutions to homelessness should address more than one dimension of risk. PMID:17352581

Lehmann, Erika R; Kass, Philip H; Drake, Christiana M; Nichols, Sara B

2007-01-01

468

A Qualitative Examination of Masculinity, Homelessness, and Social Class Among Men in a Transitional Shelter  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored the intersection and meaning of homelessness, masculinity, and social class among 15 men who are homeless. Using Consensual Qualitative Research Methodology (Hill, Thompson, & Williams, 1997), three major domains arose from the data: The Homeless Experience, Perceptions of Men and Masculinity, and Changing Social Status. Participants described (a) gaining empathy for the homeless after they became homeless;

William Ming Liu; Ren Stinson; Jovan Hernandez; Samuel Shepard; Sarah Haag

2009-01-01

469

Between Poverty and a Lifestyle: The Leisure Activities of Homeless People in Las Vegas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Housed people judge homeless people, and in particular their leisure activities, as indicators of whether that person has chosen a “homeless lifestyle” and therefore deserves homelessness. To achieve a more complex understanding of contemporary homelessness, the author conducted ethnographic fieldwork over ten months in Las Vegas, Nevada, interviewing and participant observing dozens of homeless men and women, including observations of

Kurt Borchard

2010-01-01

470

Youth leaving care: how do they fare?  

PubMed

This chapter summarizes recent Canadian and international research on the outcomes for youth after they age out of the child welfare system. It paints a disturbing picture for this small and vulnerable population. Youth leaving care face many challenges in making the transition from state care to independence and adulthood. They bear the emotional scars of childhood neglect or abuse. They do not have a family support network, have limited or no financial resources, are often lacking in life skills, and usually have not completed school. Despite these setbacks, we expect them to function independently once they reach age eighteen. Research shows that once youth leave care, they do not fare as well as their peers. They are at much greater risk of relying on social assistance, becoming homeless, engaging in substance abuse, becoming single parents, experiencing mental health problems, or coming into contact with the criminal justice system. Some youth aging out, however, have more successful transitions. These typically have completed high school, have role models, have access to postsecondary opportunities, refrain from alcohol or drug use, and obtain life skills and independent living training. Having stable placements while in care is also critical in ensuring more positive outcomes. Canada does not have the capacity to track the outcomes of youth as they leave the child welfare system, nor can it identify the types of interventions showing the most promise in helping them achieve better outcomes. Canadian governments need to improve their transitional planning for youth in care who are approaching the age of majority. Some recommendations include extending the age for services and financial assistance to age twenty-four, developing standards to prepare youth for leaving care, and exploring ways to enable youth to pursue higher education or training. Finally, Canada should develop a national longitudinal survey to monitor the outcomes of youth after they leave care. PMID:17523520

Tweddle, Anne

2007-01-01

471

Homelessness: Programs and the People They Serve, Highlights Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In December 1999, the department of Housing and Urban development released their "most comprehensive study ever of homelessness in America." The survey of the homeless and the social programs supporting them is offered online in three separate chunks. The Highlights Report offers a substantial review of both the data and analytic conclusions. One significant finding that seems to fly in the face of certain myths about homelessness: "when homeless people get housing assistance and needed services - such as health care, substance abuse treatment, mental health services, education and job training - 76% of those living in families and 60% of those living alone end their homeless status."

1999-01-01

472

The hunger-obesity paradox: obesity in the homeless.  

PubMed

Despite stereotypes of the homeless population as underweight, the literature lacks a rigorous analysis of weight status in homeless adults. The purpose of this study is to present the body mass index (BMI) distribution in a large adult homeless population and to compare this distribution to the non-homeless population in the United States. Demographic, BMI, and socioeconomic variables from patients seen in 2007-2008 were collected from the Boston Health Care for the Homeless Program (BHCHP). This population was compared to non-homeless adults from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Among 5,632 homeless adults, the mean BMI was 28.4 kg/m(2) and the prevalence of obesity was 32.3 %. Only 1.6 % of homeless adults were underweight. Compared to mean BMI in NHANES (28.6 kg/m(2)), the difference was not significant in unadjusted analysis (p = 0.14). Adjusted analyses predicting BMI or likelihood of obesity also showed that the homeless had a weight distribution not statistically different from the general population. Although underweight has been traditionally associated with homelessness, this study suggests that obesity may be the new malnutrition of the homeless in the United States. PMID:22644329

Koh, Katherine A; Hoy, Jessica S; O'Connell, James J; Montgomery, Paul

2012-12-01

473

WHO IS DOING WELL? A TYPOLOGY OF NEWLY HOMELESS ADOLESCENTS  

PubMed Central

There is growing evidence to support developing new typologies for homeless adolescents. Current typologies focus on the risks associated with being homeless, with less consideration of the positive attributes of homeless adolescents. The authors examined both risk and protective factors in a sample of newly homeless adolescents. Using cluster analysis techniques, they identified three distinct clusters of newly homeless adolescents: those who are protected and doing relatively well while out of home with more protective than risk factors, those who are at-risk, and those who are risky with more risk than protective factors. Over half (51.9%) of these newly homeless adolescents were in the protected cluster. This typology has implications for the design and implementation of services and interventions for newly homeless adolescents to reconnect them with stable housing situations.

Milburn, Norweeta; Liang, Li-Jung; Lee, Sung-Jae; Rotheram-Borus, Mary Jane; Rosenthal, Doreen; Mallett, Shelley; Lightfoot, Marguerita; Lester, Patricia

2010-01-01

474

Social networks and homelessness among women heads of household.  

PubMed

To examine possible bidirectional relationships between homelessness and deficient social networks, we compared the networks of 251 mothers before, and approximately 5 years after, their families entered shelters with networks of 291 consistently housed poor mothers. At Time 1, more women on the verge of homelessness than housed women reported that they had mothers, grandmothers, friends, and relatives but fewer believed these network members were housing resources. At Time 2, after homeless women were rehoused, these network differences between consistently housed and formerly homeless women had largely disappeared. Contrary to prior research findings, formerly homeless mothers did not report smaller networks, more children or fewer partners. However, formerly homeless women did report fewer positive functions. Because of city policies, homeless mothers were frequently rehoused far from network members. PMID:15055751

Toohey, Siobhan M; Shinn, Marybeth; Weitzman, Beth C

2004-03-01

475

Homelessness, mental illness, and criminal activity: examining patterns over time.  

PubMed

This study examined whether street homelessness, sheltered homelessness, and the severity of psychological symptoms predicted non-violent and violent crime among 207 mentally ill participants who were homeless at baseline. Participants were interviewed at 9 time points over 4 years. Hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) was used to examine whether changes in homelessness status and symptom severity predicted changes in criminal activity over time. Results indicated that homelessness both on the streets and in shelters and psychological symptom severity predicted increases in non-violent crime. Sheltered homelessness and symptom severity predicted increases in violent crime, although street homelessness did not. A separate mediational analysis with 181 participants showed that the relationship between diagnosis of a psychotic disorder and both non-violent and violent criminal activity was partially mediated through the severity of psychotic symptoms. Implications for research and intervention are discussed. PMID:18956238

Fischer, Sean N; Shinn, Marybeth; Shrout, Patrick; Tsemberis, Sam

2008-12-01

476

Collaborative initiative to help end chronic homelessness: introduction.  

PubMed

The Collaborative Initiative to Help End Chronic Homelessness was a coordinated effort by the US Departments of Health and Human Services (HHS), Housing and Urban Development (HUD), and Veterans Affairs (VA), and the US Interagency Council on Homelessness to house and provide comprehensive supportive services to individuals with serious psychiatric, substance use, health, and related disabilities who were experiencing long-term chronic homelessness. Eleven communities received 3-year grants from HHS and VA (2003-2006) and up to 5-year grants from HUD (2003-2008) to implement the initiative. This article provides background on chronic homelessness, describes the federal collaboration to comprehensively address chronic homelessness, and introduces the seven articles in this special issue that describe the findings and lessons learned from the participating communities in addressing chronic homelessness. Collectively, these articles offer insight into the challenges and benefits of providing housing and services to individuals experiencing chronic homelessness. PMID:19337841

Rickards, Lawrence D; McGraw, Sarah A; Araki, Lynnette; Casey, Roger J; High, Cynthia W; Hombs, Mary Ellen; Raysor, Robyn S

2009-04-01

477

Social and structural barriers to housing among street-involved youth who use illicit drugs.  

PubMed

In Canada, approximately 150,000 youth live on the street. Street-involvement and homelessness have been associated with various health risks, including increased substance use, blood-borne infections and sexually transmitted diseases. We undertook a qualitative study to better understand the social and structural barriers street-involved youth who use illicit drugs encounter when seeking housing. We conducted 38 semi-structured interviews with street-involved youth in Vancouver, Canada from May to October 2008. Interviewees were recruited from the At-risk Youth Study (ARYS) cohort, which follows youth aged 14 to 26 who have experience with illicit drug use. All interviews were thematically analyzed, with particular emphasis on participants' perspectives regarding their housing situation and their experiences seeking housing. Many street-involved youth reported feeling unsupported in their efforts to find housing. For the majority of youth, existing abstinence-focused shelters did not constitute a viable option and, as a result, many felt excluded from these facilities. Many youth identified inflexible shelter rules and a lack of privacy as outweighing the benefits of sleeping indoors. Single-room occupancy hotels (SROs) were reported to be the only affordable housing options, as many landlords would not rent to youth on welfare. Many youth reported resisting moving to SROs as they viewed them as unsafe and as giving up hope for a return to mainstream society. The findings of the present study shed light on the social and structural barriers street-involved youth face in attaining housing and challenge the popular view of youth homelessness constituting a lifestyle choice. Our findings point to the need for housing strategies that include safe, low threshold, harm reduction focused housing options for youth who engage in illicit substance use. PMID:20102394

Krüsi, Andrea; Fast, Danya; Small, Will; Wood, Evan; Kerr, Thomas

2010-01-21

478

Dual and Multiple Diagnosis Among Substance Using Runaway Youth#  

PubMed Central

Although research on runaway and homeless youth is increasing, relatively little is known about the diagnostic profile of runaway adolescents. The current study examined patterns of psychiatric dual and multiple diagnosis among a sample (N = 226) of treatment-engaged substance-abusing youth (ages 13 to 17) who were residing at a runaway shelter. As part of a larger treatment outcome study, the youths’ psychiatric status was assessed using the DSM-IV based computerized diagnostic interview schedule for children [CDISC; (1)]. The majority of the youth in our sample met criteria for dual or multiple diagnosis (60%) with many having more than one substance-use diagnosis (56%). The severity of mental-health and substance-use problems in this sample of substance-abusing runaways suggests the need for continued development of comprehensive services. The range and intensity of diagnoses seen indicates a need for greater focus on treatment development and strategies to address their multiple areas of risk.

Slesnick, Natasha; Prestopnik, Jillian

2008-01-01

479

Homelessness and our most vulnerable patients.  

PubMed

The scope of homelessness among children is broad and growing, and its affect on physical and mental health is extensive. It may seem daunting for individual providers to make an impact on the challenges faced by these most vulnerable of patients. However, healthcare providers who care for homeless children can improve more than just their physical health by understanding barriers specific to this population, and addressing them through minor changes in standard practice; education of self, staff, and colleagues; and advocacy. By collaborating with parents and local agencies, clinicians can make tangible progress in improving the health of their homeless patients and can provide parents with the information and support they need to prioritize a child's health needs appropriately. Ultimately, providers should strive to make their practices a true medical home, as it may be the only home a child knows. PMID:19186593

Olszyk, Mark D; Goodell, Melly

2008-01-01

480

Discharge planning strategies for acutely homeless inpatients.  

PubMed

Medical and psychiatric inpatients who become unexpectedly homeless during the course of the hospital stay present an extremely complex and time-consuming challenge to social work staff. The sudden shift from domiciled to undomiciled status creates a crisis for both the patient and the institution. Unanticipated homelessness among inpatients is usually associated with multiple high-risk factors which contribute to the rejection of such patients by numerous community facilities and services. Social workers are under pressure to both effect a timely and safe discharge when acute care ends, and to avoid placing such persons in the shelter system where follow-up care is nonexistent or inadequate. This paper reviews characteristics of persons who become acutely homeless during a hospital admission and suggests approaches which may be used to identify and prevent this perplexing syndrome. PMID:2781442

Christ, W R; Hayden, S L

1989-01-01

481

Correlates of Frailty Among Homeless Adults  

PubMed Central

Frailty, a relatively unexplored concept among vulnerable populations, may be a significant issue for homeless adults. This cross-sectional study assessed correlates of frailty among middle age and older homeless adults (N = 150, 40–73). A Pearson (r) bivariate correlation revealed a weak relationship between frailty and being female (r = .230, p < .01). Significant moderate negative correlations were found between frailty and resilience (r = ?.395, p < .01), social support (r = ?.377, p < .01), and nutrition (r = ?.652, p < .01). Furthermore, Spearman’s rho (rs) bivariate correlations revealed a moderate positive relationship between frailty and health care utilization (rs = .444, p < .01). A stepwise backward linear regression analysis was conducted and in the final model, age, gender, health care utilization, nutrition, and resilience were significantly related to frailty. Over the next two decades, there is an anticipated increase in the number of homeless adults which will necessitate a greater understanding of the needs of this hard-to-reach population.

Salem, Benissa E.; Nyamathi, Adeline M.; Brecht, Mary-Lynn; Phillips, Linda R.; Mentes, Janet C.; Sarkisian, Catherine; Leake, Barbara

2013-01-01

482

34 CFR 491.1 - What is the Adult Education for the Homeless Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...What is the Adult Education for the Homeless Program? 491.1 Section 491...EDUCATION ADULT EDUCATION FOR THE HOMELESS PROGRAM General § 491.1 What is the Adult Education for the Homeless Program? The Adult Education...

2013-07-01

483

24 CFR 291.415 - Lease with option to purchase properties for use by the homeless.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...purchase properties for use by the homeless. 291.415 Section 291.415...Single Family Properties for the Homeless § 291.415 Lease with option to purchase properties for use by the homeless. (a) Certification....

2013-04-01

484

Home Street Home: A Training Tool for Helping Homeless Veterans (VHS 1/2 inch) (Video).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contains information from the three satellite broadcasts titled 'Home Street Home'. Shows the VA's homeless programs, documentaries of homeless veterans, and VA/community cooperative efforts to help homeless veterans.

1993-01-01

485

Conceptualizing housing careers for vulnerable youth: implications for research and policy.  

PubMed

Research on the experiences of youth leaving foster care as they enter adulthood has identified their risk for homelessness and housing instability. Although this finding has been consistent, it has not received sufficient empirical or conceptual attention. In this article, we (a) review the recent findings on housing outcomes for former foster youth; (b) identify relevant theoretical frameworks to examine housing outcomes for these youth, with specific attention to the concept of housing career; (c) describe existing policy; and (d) propose further strategies for understanding and, therefore, influencing outcomes for this population. Based on this analysis, we conclude with implications for policy, practice, and further research to assist these young people. PMID:21729019

Collins, Mary Elizabeth; Curtis, Marah

2011-07-01

486

Youth Count: The Vermont Youth Report, 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This KIDS COUNT report examines trends in the well-being of Vermont's youth. The report balances at-risk youth data with survey results related to "positive youth development," an approach that promotes beneficial attributes of youth and their communities. Following an introduction and discussion of positive youth development and youth well-being…

Farber, Wendy; Burgess, Beth

487

Youth Count: The Vermont Youth Report, 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This KIDS COUNT report examines trends in the well-being of Vermont's youth. The report balances at-risk youth data with survey results related to "positive youth development," an approach that promotes beneficial attributes of youth and their communities. Following an introduction and discussion of positive youth development and youth well-being…

Farber, Wendy; Burgess, Beth

488

Veterans and Homelessness. Updated April 1, 2011.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have brought renewed attention to the needs of veterans, including the needs of homeless veterans. The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) reported that in FY2008 it assessed more than 1,500 veterans who served in the Oper...

L. Perl

2011-01-01

489

Help for the homeless: one town's solution.  

PubMed

Family practitioner and certified addictionist William Santoro, MD, is medical director at both Albright College and the Reading Hospital Medical Center's Drug and Alcohol Detoxification Center. He also volunteers his time and medical services at the Reading Emergency Shelter, a homeless shelter in downtown Reading. PMID:8164977

Schultz, G L

1994-01-01

490

Stressors, resources, and distress among homeless persons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relations among stressors, resources, and psychological distress were examined using two waves of data obtained from a probability sample of homeless persons (N=430) residing in a large, demographically diverse county in North California. The focus of research was to examine whether and how social resources and housing resources directly affect distress and mediate the impact of stress factors on depressive

Yin-Ling Irene Wong; Irving Piliavin

2001-01-01

491

Effective Services for Homeless Substance Abusers  

Microsoft Academic Search

A heterogeneous and representative sample of 323 homeless individuals in the metropolitan-Denver area with alcohol or other substance abuse problems received a comprehensive array of substance-abuse treatment services. Following treatment, these individuals showed dramatic improvement on average in their (a) levels of alcohol and drug use, (b) housing status, (c) physical and mental health, (d) employment, and (e) quality of

G. Nicholas Braucht; Charles S Reichardt; Lisa J. Geissler; Carol A. Bormann; Carol F. Kwiatkowski; Michael W. Kirby Jr

1996-01-01

492

Foreclosed: Two Million Homeless Students and Counting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports that according to First Focus, a bipartisan advocacy organization for children and families, a predicted two million children will lose their homes over the next two years because of the foreclosure crisis. From an economy deep in recession, an entirely new population of homeless students has emerged. And with job losses at…

McKibben, Sarah

2009-01-01

493

Helping the Homeless: A Resource Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this project was to produce a Resource Guide intended to provide information on effective ways to establish and operate local projects to feed, shelter, and in other ways care for homeless individuals. It is targeted to individuals or group...

1984-01-01

494

Age differences among homeless individuals: adolescence through adulthood.  

PubMed

The present study examines differences between homeless adolescents, young adults, and older adults served by homeless shelters or food programs to inform service provision. Four homeless studies using the same sampling and measurement methods were pooled to permit comparisons across age groups. Results showed that homeless adolescents demonstrated greater resilience than younger and older adults. Adolescents reported the shortest duration of homelessness, lowest number of life stressors, fewest physical symptoms, largest social networks, and fewest clinically significant mental health problems. Adolescents also received fewer alcohol and drug abuse diagnoses than younger and older adults. Younger adults reported less time homeless and fewer physical symptoms than older adults, but more life stressors. Younger adults also endorsed higher levels of hostile and paranoid psychological symptoms. Implications for service provision and policy are discussed. PMID:19363770

Tompsett, Carolyn J; Fowler, Patrick J; Toro, Paul A

2009-01-01

495

Minority Youth: \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cigarette smoking and other forms of tobacco use typically begin during adolescence. According to the 2001 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 33.9% of youth in grades 9 through 12 report recent tobacco use. The tobacco industry spends $9.7 billion annually on marketing. This paper addresses the influence of tobacco marketing, methods to counter the receptivity of tobacco marketing, outcome indicators of

Suzanne M. Perry-Casler; Apurva Shah; CHES Ercilia; Rodriguez Westhoff; Robert J. McDermott

496

Empowering Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Gulf of Maine Institute (GOMI) is striving to empower youth to take on stewardship roles in their communities. Through its Community Based Initiative (CBI) program, GOMI addresses environmental degradation by working with teams of students, teachers, and community members from around the Gulf of Maine to inspire youth to be stewards of the…

Miner, Jennifer; Elshof, Leo; Redden, Anna; Terry, John

2004-01-01

497

Youth Rights.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Contrasts the youth movement of the 1960s with the position of young people today, when there are no comparable mass-based movements of youth struggling for social change. Young people today exercise power as consumers and through peer networks rather than through political power. Attacks on immigrants and affirmative action may awaken young…

Hefner, Keith

1998-01-01

498

Youth Suicide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews and analyzes statistics and theories on causes of increasing youth suicides. Emphasizes the importance of identifying suicidal adolescents, accepting their feelings, and providing appropriate intervention. Illustrates categories of youth suicides--the loner, the depressed, the psychotic, the crisis suicide, and as a means to communicate.…

Peck, Michael

1982-01-01

499

Youth: The Nation's Strength.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The document presents a collection of selected reflections by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi on India's youth, their opportunities, and their future. Titles for the selections include: (1) Youth and Common Aspirations; (2) Youth and the Future; (3) Youth and Freedom; (4) Youth and the Questing Spirit; (5) Youth and Modernization; (6) Youth and…

Gandhi, Indira

500

Perceived health status among the new urban homeless  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homelessness may be the leading social problem in the United States in the mid 1980s. While there may be anywhere from 250,000 to three million homeless persons, few empirically based published studies are available concerning the correlates of mental and physical health status among the homeless. Los Angeles, where the present study was conducted, has been designated by the U.S.

Richard H. Ropers; Richard Boyer

1987-01-01