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1

Researching the European Union  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site is the European Union's official and comprehensive guide for scholars and researchers studying its institutions. Users will find information on document access, treaties and institutions, legislation, and EU publishing operations. The site also provides overviews of official and related institutions and the legislative process in the Union. Researchers will be especially interested in the sections on Legislative Documents and Print Research Tools, Using Annual Reports and Informational Documents, and Bibliographic and Other Guides. The synoptic tables of basic documents, quick visual guides to the documents described on the site and their availability, are additional valuable tools.

1997-01-01

2

International Union for Quaternary Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Union for Quaternary Research (INQUA) discusses quaternary scientists' investigations "to interpret the changing world of the glacial ages and their impact on our planet's surface environments.". Researchers can find out about INQUA-funded projects, meetings, scientific commissions, and INQUA's two publicaions, Quaternary International, and Quaternary Perspectives.

1969-12-31

3

information & research skills programme European Union Resources  

E-print Network

informED information & research skills programme European Union Resources © European Community and politics 4 The Budget - Financing the European Union 5 Economic and monetary policy 6 Single market. Culture 18 External Relations 19 Law EUROPA ­ Gateway to the European Union http

Hickman, Mark

4

Trends in Database Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research in databases has played a vital role in developing information system technology and also the outcome of this research\\u000a has been very successful resulting in great potential for industry. The database industry is generating billions of dollars\\u000a of business annually. It has estimated that the database industry itself has generated $42 billion revenue in 2000 and this\\u000a market is

Mukesh K. Mohania; Yahiko Kambayashi; A. Min Tjoa; Roland Wagner; Ladjel Bellatreche

2001-01-01

5

DATARIs: Database on Research Institutes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR), in cooperation with the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), maintain DATARIs, a collection of databases providing information from and about research institutes specializing in international relations and security. DATARIs includes directory databases on research institutes and documentation centers, bibliographic databases on research institute projects and publications, and a database providing information about databases maintained by associated research institutes. Each searchable database offers an easy-to-use search form interface, facilitating queries for users.

6

Native Health Research Database  

MedlinePLUS

... THIS APP WITH JAVASCRIPT TURNED OFF. THE NATIVE HEALTH DATABASE REQUIRES JAVASCRIPT IN ORDER TO FUNCTION. PLEASE ... Data and Links, U.S. Census Bureau American Indian Health from the National Library of Medicine Arctic Health ...

7

European Union vaccine research--an overview.  

PubMed

Recent developments in vaccine research provide new momentum for an important area in health innovation. Particularly interesting are novel DNA vaccine approaches, many of which are already under clinical investigation. The Framework Programmes of the European Union play an important role in supporting collaborative efforts in vaccine research to develop new and better vaccines and bring them to the market. With a timely strategic reorientation towards a sustainable investment in innovation, the current seventh Framework Programme will help to bring large industry and small and medium-sized enterprises (SME) on board and foster partnership between stakeholders. As the first human DNA vaccines progresses through the development pipeline, more and more questions revolve around licensing and regulation and appropriate guidelines are being developed. PMID:21195799

Sautter, Jrgen; Olesen, Ole F; Bray, Jeremy; Draghia-Akli, Ruxandra

2011-09-01

8

GMOMETHODS: the European Union database of reference methods for GMO analysis.  

PubMed

In order to provide reliable and harmonized information on methods for GMO (genetically modified organism) analysis we have published a database called "GMOMETHODS" that supplies information on PCR assays validated according to the principles and requirements of ISO 5725 and/or the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry protocol. In addition, the database contains methods that have been verified by the European Union Reference Laboratory for Genetically Modified Food and Feed in the context of compliance with an European Union legislative act. The web application provides search capabilities to retrieve primers and probes sequence information on the available methods. It further supplies core data required by analytical labs to carry out GM tests and comprises information on the applied reference material and plasmid standards. The GMOMETHODS database currently contains 118 different PCR methods allowing identification of 51 single GM events and 18 taxon-specific genes in a sample. It also provides screening assays for detection of eight different genetic elements commonly used for the development of GMOs. The application is referred to by the Biosafety Clearing House, a global mechanism set up by the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to facilitate the exchange of information on Living Modified Organisms. The publication of the GMOMETHODS database can be considered an important step toward worldwide standardization and harmonization in GMO analysis. PMID:23451388

Bonfini, Laura; Van den Bulcke, Marc H; Mazzara, Marco; Ben, Enrico; Patak, Alexandre

2012-01-01

9

RESEARCH AGENDA Lobbying in the European Union: From Sui Generis to a Comparative Perspective  

E-print Network

RESEARCH AGENDA Lobbying in the European Union: From Sui Generis to a Comparative Perspective: July 2005. Abstract This article reviews the literature on lobbying in the European Union. After, interests groups, European Union, United States, institutional constraints, opportunity structure #12

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

10

Database Support for Research in Public Administration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the extent to which databases support student and faculty research in the area of public administration. A list of journals in public administration, public policy, political science, public budgeting and finance, and other related areas was compared to the journal content list of six business databases. These databases

Tucker, James Cory

2005-01-01

11

Unions.  

PubMed

Dealing with a union is not complicated. If you are a member of the union, take that membership seriously and exercise your rights and responsibilities. Know what your contract says and live by it. If you disagree with what you are told to do by your supervisor, do it and grieve later. If you are a manager, know your contract and always keep it handy for reference. When you are unsure of the answer, get help from your labour relations advisor. Treat discipline as a process for helping an employee to perform the way you want them to perform. If you were a good manager before you became unionized, you can probably just continue on as you were before and you won't have any serious problems. For both management and non-management employees, remember that both of you have a job to do. Those jobs should be compatible. When you get to know your union, you will learn that they really are. PMID:10105432

Drane, D

1990-05-01

12

Impact assessment of oncology research in the European Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study the distribution of papers published by authors from the European Union (EU) in oncological journals was analysed, as was the impact of oncological research in the EU compared with that produced in other countries. Papers published during 1995 in the oncological journals listed by ISI (Institute for Scientific Information, Philadelphia, U.S.A.) were downloaded. The parameters of impact

G. S Mela; M. A Cimmino; D Ugolini

1999-01-01

13

Reforming Educational Reform: Teachers' Union Leading Teacher Research in Chile  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The teacher research movement in Chile has, historically, been an expression of the profession's concerns with the ways in which schooling reproduces and produces the social order in the broader society. The work currently done by members of the union's Pedagogical Movement is described, showing the connections between the scope of problems

Montecinos, Carmen

2009-01-01

14

Attitudes towards union issues in Saskatchewan: A research brief  

E-print Network

Attitudes towards union issues in Saskatchewan: A research brief February 2012 Saskatchewan Berdahl, University of Saskatchewan Dr. David McGrane, St. Thomas More College, University of Saskatchewan declining in Saskatchewan over time. According to Statistics Canada, while 37.9% of the total Saskatchewan

Saskatchewan, University of

15

Correlates of Access to Business Research Databases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines potential correlates of business research database access through academic libraries serving top business programs in the United States. Results indicate that greater access to research databases is related to enrollment in graduate business programs, but not to overall enrollment or status as a public or private institution.

Gottfried, John C.

2010-01-01

16

Electronic Databases for Linguistic and Language Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews electronic language data oriented specifically toward linguistic and language research, including machine-readable versions of established dictionaries; text databases, including newspapers and books; speech databases with phonetic/orthographic transcriptions; and bulletin boards and news groups available over computer networks. (17

Oshika, Beatrice T.; Krausse, Sylvia C.

1992-01-01

17

Geosciences Undergraduate Research Database The College of Geosciences has created an Undergraduate Research Database that will allow  

E-print Network

Geosciences Undergraduate Research Database The College of Geosciences has created an Undergraduate to: geosciences.tamu.edu/research/studentresearch.php Geosciences Undergraduate Research Database. Click on PROCEED TO UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH DATABASE.You will be taken to the CAS login

18

Scientists Report New Online Cancer Research Databases  

Cancer.gov

Like the old saying "art for art's sake," most medical researchers once believed that creating large computer databases of known genes or DNA sequences was a case of gathering information for the sake of gathering information.

19

Public health research systems in the European union  

PubMed Central

Background Strengthening health research is an important objective for international health organisations, but there has been less attention to support for health research in Europe. We describe the public-health (population and organisational level) research systems in the 27 European Union countries. Methods We developed a typology for describing health research structures based on funding streams and strategies. We drew data from internet sources and asked country informants to review these for consistency and completeness. The structures were described as organograms and narratives in country profiles for each of the 27 EU member states. National public-health research structures included public and independent funding organisations, 'mixed' institutions (which receive funds, and both use and allocate them) and provider institutions. Results Most health research is funded through ministries of science or science councils (and sometimes foundations), while parliaments and regions may also contribute. National institutes of public health are usually funded by ministries of health. Many national research organisations both determine research programmes and undertake health research, but there is a move towards public-health sciences within the universities, and a transition from internal grants to competitive funding. Of 27 national research strategies, 17 referred to health and 11 to public health themes. Although all countries had strategies for public health itself, we found little coherence in public-health research programmes. The European Commission has country contact points for both EU research and health programmes, but they do not coordinate with national health-research programmes. Conclusions Public-health research is broadly distributed across programmes in EU countries. Better understanding of research structures, programmes and results would improve recognition for public health in Europe, and contribute to practice. EU ministries of health should give greater attention to national public-health research strategies and programmes, and the European Union and the World Health Organisation can provide coordination and support. PMID:21970897

2011-01-01

20

Clinical databases and critical care research.  

PubMed

Clinical investigators who seek to exploit electronic databases for clinical research need to be aware of the strengths and limitations of the data stored in these systems. Generic issues are examined that can arise from the use of any electronic database, as well as more specific and unique issues that need to be resolved before a comprehensive medical-record database can be realized. Specific suggestions are provided that can be employed by the critical care director who seeks to exploit the rich clinical data available in electronic form for clinical research. PMID:8118732

Kahn, M G

1994-01-01

21

A conceptual database model for genomic research.  

PubMed

We describe a conceptual model for genome databases that facilitates the process of building, maintaining, and disseminating physically anchored genetic linkage maps. The model has been implemented as a relational database at the Roman L. Hruska U.S. Meat Animal Research Center (MARC). Development of consensus maps using disparate data from different reference pedigrees or laboratories is supported. The model is of use to quantitative and population geneticists interested in loci that affect phenotypes and marker-assisted selection, and it is sufficiently flexible for centralized, species genome databases facilitating comparative mapping. The MARC genome database is used to assemble, maintain, and disseminate physically anchored genetic linkage maps for cattle, swine, and sheep currently based on more than 100,000 genotypes from 1,000 markers. Integrated with linkage analysis software, this database permits frequent updates of physically anchored genetic linkage maps. PMID:8790454

Keele, J W; Wray, J E; Behrens, D W; Rohrer, G A; Sunden, S L; Kappes, S M; Bishop, M D; Stone, R T; Alexander, L J; Beattie, C W

1994-01-01

22

University of Washington: Database Research Group  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Washington's Database Research Group âis focused on broadening the scope of database and data management techniques beyond their traditional scope.â Its work focuses on databases and the Web, XML, data management for ubiquitous computing, data integration, and data mining. For example, the Mangrove project seeks to facilitate the move to the semantic Web by creating âan environment in which users are motivated to create semantic content because of the existence of useful semantic services.â The various projects are described on this website along with related publications, which are available to download.

23

Maintaining Research Documents with Database Management Software.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses taking notes for research projects and organizing them into card files; reviews the literature on personal filing systems; introduces the basic process of database management; and offers a plan for managing research notes. Describes field groups and field definitions, data entry, and creating reports. (LRW)

Harrington, Stuart A.

1999-01-01

24

Biomedical journals and databases in Russia and Russian language in the former Soviet Union and beyond  

PubMed Central

In the 20th century, Russian biomedical science experienced a decline from the blossom of the early years to a drastic state. Through the first decades of the USSR, it was transformed to suit the ideological requirements of a totalitarian state and biased directives of communist leaders. Later, depressing economic conditions and isolation from the international research community further impeded its development. Contemporary Russia has inherited a system of medical education quite different from the west as well as counterproductive regulations for the allocation of research funding. The methodology of medical and epidemiological research in Russia is largely outdated. Epidemiology continues to focus on infectious disease and results of the best studies tend to be published in international periodicals. MEDLINE continues to be the best database to search for Russian biomedical publications, despite only a small proportion being indexed. The database of the Moscow Central Medical Library is the largest national database of medical periodicals, but does not provide abstracts and full subject heading codes, and it does not cover even the entire collection of the Library. New databases and catalogs (e.g. Panteleimon) that have appeared recently are incomplete and do not enable effective searching. PMID:18826569

Vlassov, Vasiliy V; Danishevskiy, Kirill D

2008-01-01

25

TREATABILITY DATABASE (NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY)  

EPA Science Inventory

The National Risk Management Research Laboratory has developed and is continuing to expand a database on the effectiveness of proven treatment technologies in the removal/destruction of chemicals in various types of media, including water, wastewater, soil, debris, sludge, and se...

26

Natural radioactivity in building materials in the European Union: a database and an estimate of radiological significance.  

PubMed

The authors set up a database of activity concentration measurements of natural radionuclides (?Ra, Th and ??K) in building material. It contains about 10,000 samples of both bulk material (bricks, concrete, cement, natural- and phosphogypsum, sedimentary and igneous bulk stones) and superficial material (igneous and metamorphic stones) used in the construction industry in most European Union Member States. The database allowed the authors to calculate the activity concentration index I--suggested by a European technical guidance document and recently used as a basis for elaborating the draft Euratom Basic Safety Standards Directive--for bricks, concrete and phosphogypsum used in the European Union. Moreover, the percentage could be assessed of materials possibly subject to restrictions, if either of the two dose criteria proposed by the technical guidance were to be adopted. PMID:22230017

Trevisi, R; Risica, S; D'Alessandro, M; Paradiso, D; Nuccetelli, C

2012-02-01

27

National Research Council of Canada's Expertise Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Canada's National Research Council (NRC) offers this database for locating over 1,000 experts in a variety of fields. Users input keywords such as "genetic engineering" to receive back a list of names of experts, the group with whom they are affiliated, and a link to the NRC department where they work. By clicking on the researcher's name, users can find more specific contact information and areas of specialization.

28

NATIVE HEALTH DATABASES: NATIVE HEALTH RESEARCH DATABASE (NHRD)  

EPA Science Inventory

The Native Health Databases contain bibliographic information and abstracts of health-related articles, reports, surveys, and other resource documents pertaining to the health and health care of American Indians, Alaska Natives, and Canadian First Nations. The databases provide i...

29

Compensation of research-related injuries in the European Union.  

PubMed

The planned reform of the Clinical Trials Directive has re-opened the debate over how to implement and interpret research-related injuries regulation. In the European Union (EU), clinical trials are currently regulated by Directive 2001/20/EC, which establishes the provision of mandatory insurance before clinical trials commence but is silent on the system of liability. The proposed new Regulation will impact biomedical research assurance in all EU Member States because it points to insurance costs as being one of the causes of the fall in the number of clinical trials carried out in the EU. Despite the adoption of a risk-balance approach, the proposed new Regulation does not include a no-fault compensation system to protect subjects participating in clinical trials. An adequate protection of the rights and wellbeing of trial subjects would require not only mandatory insurance for clinical trials but also a no-fault compensation system. The new regulation should include a general clause requiring mandatory insurance and establishing liability insurance based on no-fault compensation; an exception clause, enabling the performance of clinical trials without insurance in the case of low-risk interventions or non-commercial clinical trials; and an exclusion clause, excluding compensation when there is no causal connection between injuries and clinical trial. PMID:25508840

Avilds, Miguelangel Ramiro

2014-12-01

30

Compensation of research-related injuries in the European Union.  

PubMed

The planned reform of the Clinical Trials Directive has re-opened the debate over how to implement and interpret research-related injuries regulation. In the European Union (EU), clinical trials are currently regulated by Directive 2001/20/EC, which establishes the provision of mandatory insurance before clinical trials commence but is silent on the system of liability. The proposed new Regulation will impact biomedical research assurance in all EU Member States because it points to insurance costs as being one of the causes of the fall in the number of clinical trials carried out in the EU. Despite the adoption of a risk-balance approach, the proposed new Regulation does not include a no-fault compensation system to protect subjects participating in clinical trials. An adequate protection of the rights and wellbeing of trial subjects would require not only mandatory insurance for clinical trials but also a no-fault compensation system. The new regulation should include a general clause requiring mandatory insurance and establishing liability insurance based on no-fault compensation; an exception clause, enabling the performance of clinical trials without insurance in the case of low-risk interventions or non-commercial clinical trials; and an exclusion clause, excluding compensation when there is no causal connection between injuries and clinical trial. PMID:25486709

Avilds, Miguelangel Ramiro

2014-12-01

31

Database Research: Achievements and Opportunities Into the 21st Century  

E-print Network

Database Research: Achievements and Opportunities Into the 21st Century Avi Silberschatz, Mike Stonebraker, Jeff Ullman, editors Report of an NSF Workshop on the Future of Database Systems Research, May 26--27, 1995 1 1 Introduction In February of 1990, a group of database researchers met to examine the prospects

Ullman, Jeffrey D.

32

Triple I awards scholarships for studies and research in 20 European Union and Russian partner universities.  

E-print Network

Triple I awards scholarships for studies and research in 20 European Union and Russian partner - Integration, Interaction and Institutions - is to create a network of Russian and European Union universities://www.international.hu-berlin.de/EM-ECW iiiadmissions@utu.fi matthias.parske@uv.hu-berlin.de Financed by the European Commission #12;

Röder, Beate

33

The 2013 Nucleic Acids Research Database Issue and the online Molecular Biology Database Collection  

PubMed Central

The 20th annual Database Issue of Nucleic Acids Research includes 176 articles, half of which describe new online molecular biology databases and the other half provide updates on the databases previously featured in NAR and other journals. This years highlights include two databases of DNA repeat elements; several databases of transcriptional factors and transcriptional factor-binding sites; databases on various aspects of protein structure and proteinprotein interactions; databases for metagenomic and rRNA sequence analysis; and four databases specifically dedicated to Escherichia coli. The increased emphasis on using the genome data to improve human health is reflected in the development of the databases of genomic structural variation (NCBIs dbVar and EBIs DGVa), the NIH Genetic Testing Registry and several other databases centered on the genetic basis of human disease, potential drugs, their targets and the mechanisms of proteinligand binding. Two new databases present genomic and RNAseq data for monkeys, providing wealth of data on our closest relatives for comparative genomics purposes. The NAR online Molecular Biology Database Collection, available at http://www.oxfordjournals.org/nar/database/a/, has been updated and currently lists 1512 online databases. The full content of the Database Issue is freely available online on the Nucleic Acids Research website (http://nar.oxfordjournals.org/). PMID:23203983

Fernndez-Surez, Xos M.; Galperin, Michael Y.

2013-01-01

34

The 2012 Nucleic Acids Research Database Issue and the online Molecular Biology Database Collection  

PubMed Central

The 19th annual Database Issue of Nucleic Acids Research features descriptions of 92 new online databases covering various areas of molecular biology and 100 papers describing recent updates to the databases previously described in NAR and other journals. The highlights of this issue include, among others, a description of neXtProt, a knowledgebase on human proteins; a detailed explanation of the principles behind the NCBI Taxonomy Database; NCBI and EBI papers on the recently launched BioSample databases that store sample information for a variety of database resources; descriptions of the recent developments in the Gene Ontology and UniProt Gene Ontology Annotation projects; updates on Pfam, SMART and InterPro domain databases; update papers on KEGG and TAIR, two universally acclaimed databases that face an uncertain future; and a separate section with 10 wiki-based databases, introduced in an accompanying editorial. The NAR online Molecular Biology Database Collection, available at http://www.oxfordjournals.org/nar/database/a/, has been updated and now lists 1380 databases. Brief machine-readable descriptions of the databases featured in this issue, according to the BioDBcore standards, will be provided at the http://biosharing.org/biodbcore web site. The full content of the Database Issue is freely available online on the Nucleic Acids Research web site (http://nar.oxfordjournals.org/). PMID:22144685

Galperin, Michael Y.; Fernndez-Surez, Xos M.

2012-01-01

35

Aggregated Interdisciplinary Databases and the Needs of Undergraduate Researchers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After seeing growing frustration among inexperienced undergraduate researchers searching a popular aggregated interdisciplinary database, the authors questioned whether the leading interdisciplinary databases are serving undergraduates' needs. As a preliminary exploration of this question, the authors queried vendors, analyzed their marketing

Fister, Barbara; Gilbert, Julie; Fry, Amy Ray

2008-01-01

36

Who we are: Database Research -Provenance, Integration, and  

E-print Network

are Databases interesting? Systems and Theoretical Research · Databases has a strong systems aspect · Hacking aspect · Hacking complex and large systems · Low-level optimizations · Cache-conscious algorithms

Heller, Barbara

37

HIV research productivity and structural factors associated with HIV research output in European Union countries: a bibliometric analysis  

PubMed Central

Objectives To assess HIV/AIDS research productivity in the 27 countries of the European Union (EU), and the structural level factors associated with levels of HIV/AIDS research productivity. Methods A bibliometric analysis was conducted with systematic search methods used to locate HIV/AIDS research publications (period of 1 January 2002 to 31 December 2011; search databases: MEDLINE (Ovid, PubMed), EMBASE, ISI-Thomson Web of Science; no language restrictions). The publication rate (number of HIV/AIDS research publications per million population in 10?years) and the rate of articles published in HIV/AIDS journals and selected journals with moderate to very high (IF ?3) 5-year impact factors were used as markers for HIV research productivity. A negative binomial regression model was fitted to assess the impact of structural level factors (sociodemographic, health, HIV prevalence and research/development indicators) associated with the variation in HIV research productivity. Results The total numbers of HIV/AIDS research publications in 20022011 by country ranged from 7 to 9128 (median 319). The median publication rate (per million population in 10?years) was 45 (range 5150) for all publications. Across all countries, 16% of the HIV/AIDS research was published in HIV/AIDS journals and 7% in selected journals with IF ?3. Indicators describing economic (gross domestic product), demographic (size of the population) and epidemiological (HIV prevalence) conditions as well as overall scientific activity (total research output) in a country were positively associated with HIV research productivity. Conclusions HIV research productivity varies noticeably across EU countries, and this variation is associated with recognisable structural factors. PMID:25649212

Uuskla, A; Toompere, K; Laisaar, K T; Rosenthal, M; Prjer, M L; Knellwolf, A; Lr, E; Des Jarlais, D C

2015-01-01

38

Czech multicenter research database of severe COPD  

PubMed Central

Purpose Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has been recognized as a heterogeneous, multiple organ system-affecting disorder. The Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) places emphasis on symptom and exacerbation management. The aim of this study is examine the course of COPD and its impact on morbidity and all-cause mortality of patients, with respect to individual phenotypes and GOLD categories. This study will also evaluate COPD real-life patient care in the Czech Republic. Patients and methods The Czech Multicentre Research Database of COPD is projected to last for 5 years, with the aim of enrolling 1,000 patients. This is a multicenter, observational, and prospective study of patients with severe COPD (post-bronchodilator forced expiratory volume in 1 second ?60%). Every consecutive patient, who fulfils the inclusion criteria, is asked to participate in the study. Patient recruitment is done on the basis of signed informed consent. The study was approved by the Multicentre Ethical Committee in Brno, Czech Republic. Results The objective of this paper was to outline the methodology of this study. Conclusion The establishment of the database is a useful step in improving care for COPD subjects. Additionally, it will serve as a source of data elucidating the natural course of COPD, comorbidities, and overall impact on the patients. Moreover, it will provide information on the diverse course of the COPD syndrome in the Czech Republic. PMID:25419124

Novotna, Barbora; Koblizek, Vladimir; Zatloukal, Jaromir; Plutinsky, Marek; Hejduk, Karel; Zbozinkova, Zuzana; Jarkovsky, Jiri; Sobotik, Ondrej; Dvorak, Tomas; Safranek, Petr

2014-01-01

39

Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the objective and methodology chosen for the construction of a global emissions source database called EDGAR and the structural design of the database system. The database estimates on a regional and grid basis, 1990 annual emissions of greenhouse gases, and of ozone depleting compounds from all known sources. (LZ)

Olivier, J. G. J.; And Others

1994-01-01

40

Research Reveals Scale of College Union E-Commerce.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports results of a survey of member schools of the Association of College Unions International concerning extent of e-commerce being conducted on the Web. College Web sites were also evaluated for information on e-commerce activities. A list of institutions currently conducting interactive business and the type of business being conducted is

Conway, Guy Patrick; Henry, Wilma J.

2000-01-01

41

The 2015 nucleic acids research database issue and molecular biology database collection.  

PubMed

The 2015 Nucleic Acids Research Database Issue contains 172 papers that include descriptions of 56 new molecular biology databases, and updates on 115 databases whose descriptions have been previously published in NAR or other journals. Following the classification that has been introduced last year in order to simplify navigation of the entire issue, these articles are divided into eight subject categories. This year's highlights include RNAcentral, an international community portal to various databases on noncoding RNA; ValidatorDB, a validation database for protein structures and their ligands; SASBDB, a primary repository for small-angle scattering data of various macromolecular complexes; MoonProt, a database of 'moonlighting' proteins, and two new databases of protein-protein and other macromolecular complexes, ComPPI and the Complex Portal. This issue also includes an unusually high number of cancer-related databases and other databases dedicated to genomic basics of disease and potential drugs and drug targets. The size of NAR online Molecular Biology Database Collection, http://www.oxfordjournals.org/nar/database/a/, remained approximately the same, following the addition of 74 new resources and removal of 77 obsolete web sites. The entire Database Issue is freely available online on the Nucleic Acids Research web site (http://nar.oxfordjournals.org/). PMID:25593347

Galperin, Michael Y; Rigden, Daniel J; Fernndez-Surez, Xos M

2015-01-28

42

Database Connects Public to University of Nebraska Research  

E-print Network

Database Connects Public to University of Nebraska Research By Steve Ress There's a wealth of water easier. An easily accessible and searchable database sponsored by the University of Nebraska Rachael Herpel, outreach and education specialist at the UNL Water Center. The database can be found

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

43

The Cystic Fibrosis Database: Content and Research Opportunities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the files contained in the Cystic Fibrosis (CF) database and discusses educational and research opportunities using this database. Topics discussed include queries, evaluating the relevance of items retrieved, and use of the database in an online searching course in the School of Information and Library Science at the University of North

Shaw, William M., Jr.; And Others

1991-01-01

44

The 2014 Nucleic Acids Research Database Issue and an updated NAR online Molecular Biology Database Collection.  

PubMed

The 2014 Nucleic Acids Research Database Issue includes descriptions of 58 new molecular biology databases and recent updates to 123 databases previously featured in NAR or other journals. For convenience, the issue is now divided into eight sections that reflect major subject categories. Among the highlights of this issue are six databases of the transcription factor binding sites in various organisms and updates on such popular databases as CAZy, Database of Genomic Variants (DGV), dbGaP, DrugBank, KEGG, miRBase, Pfam, Reactome, SEED, TCDB and UniProt. There is a strong block of structural databases, which includes, among others, the new RNA Bricks database, updates on PDBe, PDBsum, ArchDB, Gene3D, ModBase, Nucleic Acid Database and the recently revived iPfam database. An update on the NCBI's MMDB describes VAST+, an improved tool for protein structure comparison. Two articles highlight the development of the Structural Classification of Proteins (SCOP) database: one describes SCOPe, which automates assignment of new structures to the existing SCOP hierarchy; the other one describes the first version of SCOP2, with its more flexible approach to classifying protein structures. This issue also includes a collection of articles on bacterial taxonomy and metagenomics, which includes updates on the List of Prokaryotic Names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN), Ribosomal Database Project (RDP), the Silva/LTP project and several new metagenomics resources. The NAR online Molecular Biology Database Collection, http://www.oxfordjournals.org/nar/database/c/, has been expanded to 1552 databases. The entire Database Issue is freely available online on the Nucleic Acids Research website (http://nar.oxfordjournals.org/). PMID:24316579

Fernndez-Surez, Xos M; Rigden, Daniel J; Galperin, Michael Y

2014-01-01

45

The 2014 Nucleic Acids Research Database Issue and an updated NAR online Molecular Biology Database Collection  

PubMed Central

The 2014 Nucleic Acids Research Database Issue includes descriptions of 58 new molecular biology databases and recent updates to 123 databases previously featured in NAR or other journals. For convenience, the issue is now divided into eight sections that reflect major subject categories. Among the highlights of this issue are six databases of the transcription factor binding sites in various organisms and updates on such popular databases as CAZy, Database of Genomic Variants (DGV), dbGaP, DrugBank, KEGG, miRBase, Pfam, Reactome, SEED, TCDB and UniProt. There is a strong block of structural databases, which includes, among others, the new RNA Bricks database, updates on PDBe, PDBsum, ArchDB, Gene3D, ModBase, Nucleic Acid Database and the recently revived iPfam database. An update on the NCBIs MMDB describes VAST+, an improved tool for protein structure comparison. Two articles highlight the development of the Structural Classification of Proteins (SCOP) database: one describes SCOPe, which automates assignment of new structures to the existing SCOP hierarchy; the other one describes the first version of SCOP2, with its more flexible approach to classifying protein structures. This issue also includes a collection of articles on bacterial taxonomy and metagenomics, which includes updates on the List of Prokaryotic Names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN), Ribosomal Database Project (RDP), the Silva/LTP project and several new metagenomics resources. The NAR online Molecular Biology Database Collection, http://www.oxfordjournals.org/nar/database/c/, has been expanded to 1552 databases. The entire Database Issue is freely available online on the Nucleic Acids Research website (http://nar.oxfordjournals.org/). PMID:24316579

Fernndez-Surez, Xos M.; Rigden, Daniel J.; Galperin, Michael Y.

2014-01-01

46

Use of administrative medical databases in population-based research.  

PubMed

Administrative medical databases are massive repositories of data collected in healthcare for various purposes. Such databases are maintained in hospitals, health maintenance organisations and health insurance organisations. Administrative databases may contain medical claims for reimbursement, records of health services, medical procedures, prescriptions, and diagnoses information. It is clear that such systems may provide a valuable variety of clinical and demographic information as well as an on-going process of data collection. In general, information gathering in these databases does not initially presume and is not planned for research purposes. Nonetheless, administrative databases may be used as a robust research tool. In this article, we address the subject of public health research that employs administrative data. We discuss the biases and the limitations of such research, as well as other important epidemiological and biostatistical key points specific to administrative database studies. PMID:24248997

Gavrielov-Yusim, Natalie; Friger, Michael

2014-03-01

47

How Europe Shapes Academic Research: Insights from Participation in European Union Framework Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the effects of participating in European Union Framework Programmes (EUFPs) at the level of research units and researchers. We consider EUFPs as policy instruments that contribute to the Europeanisation of academic research and study the changes they produce with respect to: 1) the organisation and activities of Departments,

Primeri, Emilia; Reale, Emanuela

2012-01-01

48

RIDE: the Research Infrastructure Database for EPOS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The European Plate Observing System (EPOS) is a European initiative which aims to promote and make possible innovative approaches for a better understanding of the physical processes laying behind natural events and geo-science phenomena (earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, unrest episodes and tsunamis etc.) by integrating existing national and trans-national Research Infrastructures (RIs). Such integration will increase access and use of the multidisciplinary data recorded by solid Earth monitoring networks, acquired in laboratory experiments and/or produced by computational simulations. Here we present the Research Infrastructures Database for EPOS (RIDE), a database containing technical information about the different RIs declared by EPOS partners and EPOS associate partners, which will eventually compose the EPOS distributed Research Infrastructure. The main goals of RIDE are (i) to allow the EPOS RI to be organized, with interactive access and information mining available to a broad community of users and stakeholders, (ii) to have a first set of information to be stored in the EPOS catalogue, which will be used as a basis for the development of EPOS Core Services, (iii) to enable EPOS partners to revise and update the current RI information, (iv) to show the contents of the EPOS integration plan to all stakeholders, (v) to facilitate the dissemination of existing data infrastructures to different communities and to promote a discussion within the community to implement the present data infrastructures. RIDE - whose driving technology is Apache CouchDB - contains at the current status detailed information on more than 200 Research Infrastructures. It enables any user to visualize RIs and sensors on a map, to carry out statistics on the stored data and to browse through the details of any RI. Based on the content of RIDE it is now possible to estimate the potential size of the new EPOS distributed RI: EPOS is going to integrate more than 7000 sensors (seismic stations, GPS stations and other kind of sensor stations), 66 seismic networks, 44 Laboratories, 31 GPS networks, 12 Volcano Observatories, 8 Geomagnetic Observatories, 5 Marine Research RIs and over 30 other kinds of RIs. The overall data volume to be handled will be more than 500 Terabytes, while the data storage capacity will exceed the limit of 1 Petabyte. More than 80 laboratories also included in EPOS RI, will be able to provide access to 622 instruments in order to carry out cutting edge science. With the help of RIDE it was also possible to carry out financial estimations about the national RIs involved in the EPOS integration plan, thus having a correlation between technical and economic details. Such a correlation enables us to have a clear picture of the economic value and operational cost of the facilities involved, including an in-depth estimation of instrument/sensor values, labour costs, installation costs and other parameters.

Bailo, Daniele; Bartoloni, Alessandro; Jeffery, Keith G.; Clemenceau, Alice; Hoffmann, Thomas L.

2013-04-01

49

Using databases and web resources for glycomics research.  

PubMed

Many databases of carbohydrate structures and related information can be found on the World Wide Web. This review covers the major carbohydrate databases that have potential utility for glycoscientists and researchers entering the glycosciences. The first half provides a brief overview of carbohydrate databases and web resources (including a history of carbohydrate databases and carbohydrate notations used in these databases), and the second half provides a guide that can be used as an index to determine which resources provide the data of most interest to the user. PMID:23325765

Aoki-Kinoshita, Kiyoko F

2013-04-01

50

Pew Research Center: Labor Unions Seen as Good for Workers, Not U.S. Competitiveness  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Pew Research Center for the People & The Press group released this 18-page report on February 17, 2011. The material for the report on the public's perception of unions was gathered during between February 2-7, and in the poll (which surveyed 1385 adults), it was discovered that there was little or no difference regarding opinions about private and public sector unions. Interestingly, the favorability rating for labor unions overall remains at the lowest level in a quarter century with 45% of those polled expressing a positive view of these institutions. This survey also notes that there has been little change since the mid-1990s in public support for labor unions in dispute with businesses. Interested parties should definitely read the entire report, which also contains a number of detailed charts and tables that present other findings from this work.

51

INTERNATIONAL UNION OF FORESTRY RESEARCH ORGANISATIONS (IUFRO) MANAGEMENT MEETS IN SOUTH AFRICA  

E-print Network

INTERNATIONAL UNION OF FORESTRY RESEARCH ORGANISATIONS (IUFRO) MANAGEMENT MEETS IN SOUTH AFRICA of Forestry Research Organizations (IUFRO). IUFRO is one of the world's oldest scientific organizations, well forestry focus, FABI staff and students were delighted to be able to meet and entertain the leaders

52

Drug delivery research in the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme for Research.  

PubMed

This paper presents an overview of drug delivery research activities funded by the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development (FP7). It gives a brief introduction of the main policies, structure and budget of FP7 with the four Specific Programmes 'Cooperation', 'People', 'Ideas' and 'Capacities' including the ten priority themes of the Specific Programme Cooperation. The priority themes HEALTH, 'Information and Communication Technologies' (ICT) and 'Nanosciences and nanotechnologies, multifunctional Materials and Production technologies' (NMP) and the 'Innovative Medicines Initiative' (IMI) are discussed since they are the main sources of funding for medical and pharmaceutical research. Further details are provided on drug delivery research, notably the funding for development of drug delivery technologies by the NMP priority theme in the context of its funding of nanomedicine research projects. The link is made to the rapidly developing field of biomaterials research for implants and regenerative medicine. The paper highlights the strategic importance of the Key Emerging Technologies (KETs) including nanotechnology for the competitiveness of the medical and pharmaceutical sectors. Finally, there is an outlook to the future Framework Programme for Research 'Horizon 2020'. PMID:22333557

Frima, Heico J; Gabellieri, Cristina; Nilsson, Maj-Inger

2012-07-20

53

The Vocational Guidance Research Database: A Scientometric Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The scientometric study of scientific output through publications in specialized journals cannot be undertaken exclusively with the databases available today. For this reason, the objective of this article is to introduce the "Base de Datos de Investigacion en Orientacion Vocacional" [Vocational Guidance Research Database], based on the use of

Flores-Buils, Raquel; Gil-Beltran, Jose Manuel; Caballer-Miedes, Antonio; Martinez-Martinez, Miguel Angel

2012-01-01

54

An image database management system for conducting CAD research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of image databases for CAD research is not a trivial task. The collection and management of images and their related metadata from multiple sources is a time-consuming but necessary process. By standardizing and centralizing the methods in which these data are maintained, one can generate subsets of a larger database that match the specific criteria needed for a

Nicholas Gruszauskas; Karen Drukker; Maryellen L. Giger

2007-01-01

55

Business Faculty Research: Satisfaction with the Web versus Library Databases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Business faculty members teaching at undergraduate campuses of the Pennsylvania State University were surveyed in order to assess their satisfaction with free Web sources and with subscription databases for their professional research. Although satisfaction with the Web's ease of use was higher than that for databases, overall satisfaction for

Dewald, Nancy H.; Silvius, Matthew A.

2005-01-01

56

DATA QUALITY IN GENOME DATABASES (Research Paper)  

E-print Network

compare these error classes with ex- isting solutions for data cleansing and come to the conclusion that traditional and proven data cleansing techniques of other application domains do not suffice for the particular needs and problem types of genomic databases. Key Words: Data Cleansing, Molecular Biology, Data

Weske, Mathias

57

Comparison Shopping of Tax Research Databases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines and compares online sources for primary and secondary federal and state tax information. The criteria used to evaluate the four systems (CCH ACCESS, LEXIS, PHINet, and WESTLAW) include the contents of each database, search features, hardware requirements, software, pricing, availability of CD-ROM, online billing, and network

Scanlan, Jean M.

1990-01-01

58

Vocational Education & Training Research Database, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains four issues of a quarterly annotated bibliography of documents and projects in progress from Australia's VOCED database that are available through Australia's National Vocational Education and Training Clearinghouse Information Network. Introductory materials include the following: national, state, territory, and polytechnic

Hayman, Sarah, Comp.; MacKenzie, Jeanne, Comp.; Adams, Heather, Comp.; Harris, Lee-ann, Comp.

1998-01-01

59

Educational Research Capacity Building in the European Union: A Critique of the Lived Experiences of Emerging Researchers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to explore the extent to which European Union (EU) policies impact upon the activities of associations such as the European Educational Research Association (EERA) and the experiences of emerging researchers aligned to such associations. In essence, the authors explore potential tensions between policy and the lived

Hallet, Fiona; Fidalgo, Patricia

2014-01-01

60

Full-Text Database Support for Scholarly Research in Finance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the extent to which full-text business databases support scholarly research in finance. A list of articles cited by finance researchers was compared to the title lists of three full-text business databases: ABI\\/INFORM (ProQuest Information and Learning), Business Source Premier (EBSCO Information Services), and General BusinessFile (Gale Group). The most comprehensive coverage was found to be offered by

Karen Chapman

2002-01-01

61

Multi-Level Steering and Institution Building: The European Union's Approach to Research Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adopting the conception of the university as a primary driver of innovation and economic growth has brought increased pressure for the European Union (EU) to actively steer university-based research policy, despite its being outside of the EU's direct jurisdiction. While the open method of coordination (OMC) was developed for such situations, the

Young, Mitchell

2012-01-01

62

Climate research in the former Soviet Union. FASAC: Foreign Applied Sciences Assessment Center technical assessment report  

SciTech Connect

This report assesses the state of the art in several areas of climate research in the former Soviet Union. This assessment was performed by a group of six internationally recognized US experts in related fields. The areas chosen for review are: large-scale circulation processes in the atmosphere and oceans; atmospheric radiative processes; cloud formation processes; climate effects of natural atmospheric disturbances; and the carbon cycle, paleoclimates, and general circulation model validation. The study found an active research community in each of the above areas. Overall, the quality of climate research in the former Soviet Union is mixed, although the best Soviet work is as good as the best corresponding work in the West. The best Soviet efforts have principally been in theoretical studies or data analysis. However, an apparent lack of access to modern computing facilities has severely hampered the Soviet research. Most of the issues considered in the Soviet literature are known, and have been discussed in the Western literature, although some extraordinary research in paleoclimatology was noted. Little unusual and exceptionally creative material was found in the other areas during the study period (1985 through 1992). Scientists in the former Soviet Union have closely followed the Western literature and technology. Given their strengths in theoretical and analytical methods, as well as their possession of simplified versions of detailed computer models being used in the West, researchers in the former Soviet Union have the potential to make significant contributions if supercomputers, workstations, and software become available. However, given the current state of the economy in the former Soviet Union, it is not clear that the computer gap will be bridged in the foreseeable future.

Ellingson, R.G.; Baer, F.; Ellsaesser, H.W.; Harshvardhan; Hoffert, M.I.; Randall, D.A.

1993-09-01

63

Utility and limitations of genetic disease databases in clinical genetics research: a neurofibromatosis 1 database example.  

PubMed

Databases that collect clinical information on patients with particular genetic diseases can be used to investigate the clinical history of a disorder, its genetics, and genotype-phenotype correlations. A database can also serve as a valuable source of patients for studies of disease pathogenesis, variability, or treatment. We review the strengths and limitations of genetic disease databases in the context of our experience with the National Neurofibromatosis Foundation International Database (NNFFID). Genetic disease databases have been developed by individual investigators, scientific consortia, patient support organizations, and commercial enterprises. Databases vary from simple lists of affected individuals to comprehensive collections of detailed clinical and genetic information. Data may be obtained from people who volunteer to be included, systematic assessments of patients seen at participating medical centers, or population-based registries. Access to information may be highly restricted or widely available. These variables all affect the possible uses and usefulness of the data for research. Technical aspects of data entry, organization, storage, and retrieval, as well as issues related to data quality, confidentiality, and security, help determine how well a system actually functions. We discuss examples of research that have been accomplished with genetic disease databases and make recommendations regarding the organization and operation of these resources. PMID:14755433

Birch, Patricia; Friedman, J M

2004-02-15

64

LLNL Middle East and North Africa research database  

SciTech Connect

The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Research and Development (CTBT R and D) program has made significant progress populating a comprehensive seismic research database (RDB) for seismic events and derived research products in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Our original ME/NA study region has enlarged and is now defined as an area including the Middle East, Africa, Europe, Southwest Asia, the Former Soviet Union and the Scandinavian/Arctic region. The LLNL RDB will facilitate calibration of all International Monitoring System (IMS) stations (primary and auxiliary) or their surrogates (if not yet installed) as well as a variety of gamma stations. The RDB provides not only a coherent framework in which to store and organize large volumes of collected seismic waveforms and associated event parameter information, but also provides an efficient data processing/research environment for deriving location and discrimination correction sur faces and capabilities. In order to accommodate large volumes of data from many sources with diverse formats the RDB is designed to be flexible and extensible in addition to maintaining detailed quality control information and associated metadata. Station parameters, instrument responses, phase pick information, and event bulletins were compiled and made available through the RDB. For seismic events in the MENA region occurring between 1976 and 1999, we have systematically assembled, quality checked and organized event waveforms; continuous seismic data from 1990 to present are archived for many stations. Currently, over 11,400 seismic events and 1.2 million waveforms are maintained in the RDB and made readily available to researchers. In addition to open sources of seismic data, we have established collaborative relationships with several ME/NA countries that have yielded additional ground truth and broadband waveform data essential for regional calibration and capability studies. Additional data and ground truth from other countries are also currently being sought. Research results, along with descriptive metadata are stored and organized within the LLNL RDB and prepared for delivery and integration into the Department of Energy (DOE) Knowledge Base (KB). Deliverables consist of primary data products (raw materials for calibration) and derived products (distilled from the organized raw seismological data). By combining travel-time observations, event characterization studies, and regional wave-propagation studies of the LLNL CTBT research team for ground truth events and regional events, we have assembled a library of ground truth information, event location correction surfaces, tomographic models and mine explosion histories required to support the ME/NA regionalization program. Corrections and parameters distilled from the LLNL RDB provide needed contributions to the KB for the MENA region and will enable the United States National Data Center (NDC) to effectively verify CTBT compliance. The LLNL portion of the DOE KB supports critical NDC pipeline functions in detection, location, feature extraction, discrimination, and analyst review in the Middle East and North Africa.

Dodge, D; Hauk, T; Moore, R M; O'Boyle, J; Ruppert, S

1999-07-23

65

An image database management system for conducting CAD research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The development of image databases for CAD research is not a trivial task. The collection and management of images and their related metadata from multiple sources is a time-consuming but necessary process. By standardizing and centralizing the methods in which these data are maintained, one can generate subsets of a larger database that match the specific criteria needed for a particular research project in a quick and efficient manner. A research-oriented management system of this type is highly desirable in a multi-modality CAD research environment. An online, webbased database system for the storage and management of research-specific medical image metadata was designed for use with four modalities of breast imaging: screen-film mammography, full-field digital mammography, breast ultrasound and breast MRI. The system was designed to consolidate data from multiple clinical sources and provide the user with the ability to anonymize the data. Input concerning the type of data to be stored as well as desired searchable parameters was solicited from researchers in each modality. The backbone of the database was created using MySQL. A robust and easy-to-use interface for entering, removing, modifying and searching information in the database was created using HTML and PHP. This standardized system can be accessed using any modern web-browsing software and is fundamental for our various research projects on computer-aided detection, diagnosis, cancer risk assessment, multimodality lesion assessment, and prognosis. Our CAD database system stores large amounts of research-related metadata and successfully generates subsets of cases that match the user's desired search criteria.

Gruszauskas, Nicholas; Drukker, Karen; Giger, Maryellen L.

2007-03-01

66

2013 American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved. The 2010 California Research at the Nexus of Air Quality and Climate Change  

E-print Network

.50331 AcceptedArticle #12;© 2013 American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved. Abstract© 2013 American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved. The 2010 California Research at the Nexus, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA 11 Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University

Cohen, Ronald C.

67

01/06/2004 The Danish National Research Database 1 CRIS management and  

E-print Network

01/06/2004 The Danish National Research Database 1 CRIS management and data provision Søren Hovmand #12;01/06/2004 The Danish National Research Database 2 The Danish National Research Database · Use and input #12;01/06/2004 The Danish National Research Database 3 Institutional CRIS at Risø National

68

Protecting Patients' Privacy in Database Research  

E-print Network

in the Association on Fair Data Processing Member of the presidential board of the Hungarian Data Protection 3 Member of the presidential board of the Hungarian Data Protection Society Blogger (www.magyarorszag.hu) I have cases before ... for research" Data processing is permitted by law EU 95/46/EC Art 7. e) ,,processing is necessary

Alexin, Zoltán

69

The European Union Directive and the protection of incapacitated subjects in research: an ethical analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveWe perform an ethical analysis of European Union Directive 2001\\/20\\/EC on the simplification and harmonization of guidelines regarding good clinical practice in the conduct of clinical trials involving drugs.BackgroundThe Directive provides guidance on protecting incapacitated subjects who participate in drug clinical trials. Such guidance promotes societys obligations of beneficence because the participation of incapacitated subjects in research is crucial in

Henry J. Silverman; Christiane Druml; Francois Lemaire; Robert Nelson

2004-01-01

70

[A history of the research department of the Severance Union Medical College].  

PubMed

The Research Department of the Severance Union Medical College was founded on November 4th, 1914. Drs. R. G. Mills, J. D. VanBuskirk and A. I. Ludlow were the co-founders of the department. The department aimed at investigating the medical problems of Koreans which originated from the difference of diet, customs and habits. The main fields of the research were divided into three: traditional medicine, diet of the Koreans, and special diseases in Korea. As to the research of the traditional medicine, Mills conducted extensive investigations on the drugs mentioned in the pharmacopeia of the traditional medical texts. His work included the translation of the medical texts into English, which unfortunately was not published, and the collection of thousands traditional drugs and botanical specimens. To the second field, VanBuskirk contributed much. His research was mainly focused on investigating the characteristics of Korean diet, finding out its problems, and recommending more balanced diet. The third field was the research of the diseases specific in Korea. The diseases caused by various parasites were the main targets of the research. At first, the Research Department was a laboratory where research was actually being carried out. But, its nature has been changed as each department became the center of research activities. The Research Department became a research promoting center which provides research funds for each department or individual researchers. The founding of the Research Department of the Severance Union Medical College marks a turning point in the history of SUMC in the sense that academic activities began to become more important in the missionary institute. PMID:15726756

Yeo, In-Sok

2004-12-01

71

Gas Hydrate Research Database and Web Dissemination Channel  

SciTech Connect

To facilitate advances in application of technologies pertaining to gas hydrates, a United States database containing experimentally-derived information about those materials was developed. The Clathrate Hydrate Physical Property Database (NIST Standard Reference Database {number_sign} 156) was developed by the TRC Group at NIST in Boulder, Colorado paralleling a highly-successful database of thermodynamic properties of molecular pure compounds and their mixtures and in association with an international effort on the part of CODATA to aid in international data sharing. Development and population of this database relied on the development of three components of information-processing infrastructure: (1) guided data capture (GDC) software designed to convert data and metadata into a well-organized, electronic format, (2) a relational data storage facility to accommodate all types of numerical and metadata within the scope of the project, and (3) a gas hydrate markup language (GHML) developed to standardize data communications between 'data producers' and 'data users'. Having developed the appropriate data storage and communication technologies, a web-based interface for both the new Clathrate Hydrate Physical Property Database, as well as Scientific Results from the Mallik 2002 Gas Hydrate Production Research Well Program was developed and deployed at http://gashydrates.nist.gov.

Micheal Frenkel; Kenneth Kroenlein; V Diky; R.D. Chirico; A. Kazakow; C.D. Muzny; M. Frenkel

2009-09-30

72

THE NATIONAL EXPOSURE RESEARCH LABORATORY'S COMPREHENSIVE HUMAN ACTIVITY DATABASE  

EPA Science Inventory

EPA's National Exposure Research Laboratory (NERL) has combined data from nine U.S. studies related to human activities into one comprehensive data system that can be accessed via the world-wide web. The data system is called CHAD-Consolidated Human Activity Database-and it is ...

73

Veterans attitudes regarding a database for genomic research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: Large cohort studies to investigate interactions between genes, environment, and lifestyle require large representative samples of the population. The Department of Veterans Affairs health care system is uniquely positioned to carry out such research, with a large patient population and a sophisticated system of electronic medical records. As the Veterans Affairs considers establishing a large database of genetic information

David Kaufman; Juli Murphy; Lori Erby; Kathy Hudson; Joan Scott

2009-01-01

74

A new database on basic research in homeopathy.  

PubMed

A new database on 'Basic Research on Homeopathy' has been established. It contains research on biological systems and physico-chemical effects of the succussion process. It is aimed at the elucidation of the working mechanism of the homeopathic similia principle following application of low doses and potencies of substances. By the end of 2000, this database included 829 experiments in 782 primary publications. The publications are classified according to organism and field of interest. Several reasons for the relatively high number of experiments and publications are presented. It is concluded that the research community would benefit from a European research agenda with a priority on the translation of relevant publications from the different European languages into English. PMID:12322870

Albrecht, H; van Wijk, R; Dittloff, S

2002-07-01

75

Emerging technologies and perspectives for nutrition research in European Union 7th Framework Programme.  

PubMed

Nutrition trends in Europe are driven by taste, health and convenience. The possibilities of research using new technologies and tools such as nutrigenomics, imaging techniques, nanotechnology, bioinformatics, cognitive sciences, innovative processes are very promising to support these nutrition trends and in particular their health aspects. This is supported by European Union research. The opportunities offered in the 7th Framework Programme (FP7), among other innovations, will contribute to the general aim of improving nutrition policy as well as improving products from the food industry in accordance with the Lisbon strategy to create employment and improve the quality of life of the European citizens. PMID:19937440

de Froidmont-Grtz, Isabelle B M

2009-12-01

76

Research Repositories-Databases_rev 5-12-04.p65  

Cancer.gov

Research Repositories, Databases, and the HIPAA Privacy Rule Overview Researchers in medical and health-related disci plines require access to many sources of health information, from archived medical records and epidemiological databases to disease

77

Semantic database modeling: Survey, applications, and research issues  

E-print Network

Most common database management systems represent information in a simple record-based format. Semantic modeling provides richer data structuring capabilities for database applications. In particular, research in this area has articulated a number of constructs that provide mechanisms for representing structurally complex interrelations among data typically arising in commercial applications. In general terms, semantic modeling complements work on knowledge representation (in artificial intelligence) and on the new generation of database models based on the object-oriented paradigm of programming languages. This paper presents an in-depth discussion of semantic data modeling. It reviews the philosophical motivations of semantic models, including the need for high-level modeling abstractions and the reduction of semantic overloading of data type constructors. It then provides a tutorial introduction to the primary components of semantic models, which are the explicit representation of objects, attributes of and relationships among objects, type constructors for building complex types, ISA relationships, and derived schema components. Next, a survey of the prominent semantic models in the literature is presented. Further, since a broad area of research has developed around semantic modeling, a number of related topics based on these models are discussed, including data languages, graphical interfaces, theoretical investigations, and physical implementation strategies.

Richard Hull; Roger King

1987-01-01

78

6/1/2004 The Danish National Research Database 1 A mixed approach  

E-print Network

6/1/2004 The Danish National Research Database 1 A mixed approach Søren Hovmand #12;6/1/2004 The Danish National Research Database 2 National CRIS · Key issue is providing access to data ­ not the technology involved · Danish National Research Database - a Z39.50 gateway · Input using cataloguing module

79

An on-line database for zebrafish development and genetics research  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have built a relational database of zebrafish developmental and genetic research information accessible via the World Wide Web. Our team of biologists and computer scientists employed a user-centered design process, using input from the research community to tailor the contents and usability of the database. The database supports the broad range of data types generated by zebrafish research including

Monte Westerfield; Eckehard Doerry; Arthur E. Kirkpatrick; Wolfgang Driever; Sarah A. Douglas

1997-01-01

80

Navajo Participation in Labor Unions. Lake Powell Research Project Bulletin Number 15, December 1975.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Navajo participation in labor unions and Navajo labor relations have undergone rapid and fundamental changes since the development of industry around Lake Powell and on Black Mesa. Early attempts to unionize Navajo workers met with stiff resistance from employees and the Navajo Tribal Council. Union entry into the Navajo Reservation was viewed as

Robbins, Lynn A.

81

European Union and Greek Lifelong Learning Policy within an Intercultural Context: Preliminary Insights from Research in the Sociology of Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents preliminary findings of an extensive socio-legal research project, currently in progress, concerning the implementation of the European Union and the Greek institutional framework on lifelong learning (LLL) and exploring the social effectiveness of LLL policy. The main outcomes, based on testing two research hypotheses through

Koutidou, Evangelia

2014-01-01

82

Implications of the problem orientated medical record (POMR) for research using electronic GP databases: a comparison of the Doctors Independent Network Database (DIN) and the General Practice Research Database (GPRD)  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The General Practice Research Database (GPRD) and Doctor's Independent Network Database (DIN), are large electronic primary care databases compiled in the UK during the 1990s. They provide a valuable resource for epidemiological and health services research. GPRD (based on VAMP) presents notes as a series of discrete episodes, whereas DIN is based on a system (MEDITEL) that used a

Iain M Carey; Derek G Cook; Stephen De Wilde; Stephen A Bremner; Nicky Richards; Steve Caine; David P Strachan; Sean R Hilton

2003-01-01

83

Advanced Satellite Research Project: SCAR Research Database. Bibliographic analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The literature search was provided to locate and analyze the most recent literature that was relevant to the research. This was done by cross-relating books, articles, monographs, and journals that relate to the following topics: (1) Experimental Systems - Advanced Communications Technology Satellite (ACTS), and (2) Integrated System Digital Network (ISDN) and Advance Communication Techniques (ISDN and satellites, ISDN standards, broadband ISDN, flame relay and switching, computer networks and satellites, satellite orbits and technology, satellite transmission quality, and network configuration). Bibliographic essay on literature citations and articles reviewed during the literature search task is provided.

Pelton, Joseph N.

1991-01-01

84

Development of a database for translational spinal cord injury research.  

PubMed

Efforts to understand spinal cord injury (SCI) and other complex neurotrauma disorders at the pre-clinical level have shown progress in recent years. However, successful translation of basic research into clinical practice has been slow, partly because of the large, heterogeneous data sets involved. In this sense, translational neurological research represents a "big data" problem. In an effort to expedite translation of pre-clinical knowledge into standards of patient care for SCI, we describe the development of a novel database for translational neurotrauma research known as Visualized Syndromic Information and Outcomes for Neurotrauma-SCI (VISION-SCI). We present demographics, descriptive statistics, and translational syndromic outcomes derived from our ongoing efforts to build a multi-center, multi-species pre-clinical database for SCI models. We leveraged archived surgical records, postoperative care logs, behavioral outcome measures, and histopathology from approximately 3000 mice, rats, and monkeys from pre-clinical SCI studies published between 1993 and 2013. The majority of animals in the database have measures collected for health monitoring, such as weight loss/gain, heart rate, blood pressure, postoperative monitoring of bladder function and drug/fluid administration, behavioral outcome measures of locomotion, and tissue sparing postmortem. Attempts to align these variables with currently accepted common data elements highlighted the need for more translational outcomes to be identified as clinical endpoints for therapeutic testing. Last, we use syndromic analysis to identify conserved biological mechanisms of recovery after cervical SCI between rats and monkeys that will allow for more-efficient testing of therapeutics that will need to be translated toward future clinical trials. PMID:25077610

Nielson, Jessica L; Guandique, Cristian F; Liu, Aiwen W; Burke, Darlene A; Lash, A Todd; Moseanko, Rod; Hawbecker, Stephanie; Strand, Sarah C; Zdunowski, Sharon; Irvine, Karen-Amanda; Brock, John H; Nout-Lomas, Yvette S; Gensel, John C; Anderson, Kim D; Segal, Mark R; Rosenzweig, Ephron S; Magnuson, David S K; Whittemore, Scott R; McTigue, Dana M; Popovich, Phillip G; Rabchevsky, Alexander G; Scheff, Stephen W; Steward, Oswald; Courtine, Grgoire; Edgerton, V Reggie; Tuszynski, Mark H; Beattie, Michael S; Bresnahan, Jacqueline C; Ferguson, Adam R

2014-11-01

85

STEMdex: A Searchable Database of Education Research for Our Community  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

STEMdex is a new resource for the astronomy Education and Outreach community, designed to improve our communitys knowledge of the published literature pertinent to our work. While we all understand that it is important to base our practice on sound research, there are currently 801 peer-reviewed education journals in existence, and members of our community are hard pressed to cover all the published literature. STEMdex consolidates the research relevant to EPO work into a single searchable database, with summaries written by astronomy educators and posted for the entire community to use. The database will ultimately include research across the spectrum of astronomy education, including formal and informal education, outreach, grades K-16, pedagogy, evaluation and many other topics. The site is currently under development, but we have had significant interest from the community, and have a team of 19 EPO professionals and community volunteers from 14 different institutions signed up to contribute to the project. The STEMdex site can be found at stemdex.ipac.caltech.edu.

Brinkworth, Carolyn; Nichols-Yehling, M.; Bartolone, L.; Llamas, J.; Crane, M.; Martin, A.; Wenger, M.; Squires, G. K.; Hurt, R. L.

2014-01-01

86

Research issues in view-based multimedia database systems  

SciTech Connect

Audio, video, graphics, and text can be combined into stunning multimedia presentations which enable people to learn, buy, and have fun in ways never before possible. However multimedia is often unorganized and required tremendous storage space. Typical images are measured in tens or hundreds of kilobytes. To control the amount of space needed in this new environment, this paper proposes a multimedia database management system that uses logical representations instead of physical representations, to store edited objects. Research issues associated with such a system are discussed.

Gruenwald, L. [Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman, OK (United States); Speegle, G. [Baylor Univ., Waco, TX (United States)

1996-12-31

87

The FoodCast research image database (FRIDa)  

PubMed Central

In recent years we have witnessed an increasing interest in food processing and eating behaviors. This is probably due to several reasons. The biological relevance of food choices, the complexity of the food-rich environment in which we presently live (making food-intake regulation difficult), and the increasing health care cost due to illness associated with food (food hazards, food contamination, and aberrant food-intake). Despite the importance of the issues and the relevance of this research, comprehensive and validated databases of stimuli are rather limited, outdated, or not available for non-commercial purposes to independent researchers who aim at developing their own research program. The FoodCast Research Image Database (FRIDa) we present here includes 877 images belonging to eight different categories: natural-food (e.g., strawberry), transformed-food (e.g., french fries), rotten-food (e.g., moldy banana), natural-non-food items (e.g., pinecone), artificial food-related objects (e.g., teacup), artificial objects (e.g., guitar), animals (e.g., camel), and scenes (e.g., airport). FRIDa has been validated on a sample of healthy participants (N = 73) on standard variables (e.g., valence, familiarity, etc.) as well as on other variables specifically related to food items (e.g., perceived calorie content); it also includes data on the visual features of the stimuli (e.g., brightness, high frequency power, etc.). FRIDa is a well-controlled, flexible, validated, and freely available (http://foodcast.sissa.it/neuroscience/) tool for researchers in a wide range of academic fields and industry. PMID:23459781

Foroni, Francesco; Pergola, Giulio; Argiris, Georgette; Rumiati, Raffaella I.

2013-01-01

88

The FoodCast research image database (FRIDa).  

PubMed

In recent years we have witnessed an increasing interest in food processing and eating behaviors. This is probably due to several reasons. The biological relevance of food choices, the complexity of the food-rich environment in which we presently live (making food-intake regulation difficult), and the increasing health care cost due to illness associated with food (food hazards, food contamination, and aberrant food-intake). Despite the importance of the issues and the relevance of this research, comprehensive and validated databases of stimuli are rather limited, outdated, or not available for non-commercial purposes to independent researchers who aim at developing their own research program. The FoodCast Research Image Database (FRIDa) we present here includes 877 images belonging to eight different categories: natural-food (e.g., strawberry), transformed-food (e.g., french fries), rotten-food (e.g., moldy banana), natural-non-food items (e.g., pinecone), artificial food-related objects (e.g., teacup), artificial objects (e.g., guitar), animals (e.g., camel), and scenes (e.g., airport). FRIDa has been validated on a sample of healthy participants (N = 73) on standard variables (e.g., valence, familiarity, etc.) as well as on other variables specifically related to food items (e.g., perceived calorie content); it also includes data on the visual features of the stimuli (e.g., brightness, high frequency power, etc.). FRIDa is a well-controlled, flexible, validated, and freely available (http://foodcast.sissa.it/neuroscience/) tool for researchers in a wide range of academic fields and industry. PMID:23459781

Foroni, Francesco; Pergola, Giulio; Argiris, Georgette; Rumiati, Raffaella I

2013-01-01

89

Levels of Annotation for a Welsh Speech Database for Phonetic Research Briony Williams  

E-print Network

Levels of Annotation for a Welsh Speech Database for Phonetic Research Briony Williams CSTR A Welsh speech database intended for use in phonetic research requires careful annotation at several (especially television). 1.1 Motivation for an annotated speech database Compared to the major languages

Edinburgh, University of

90

DOG-SPOT database for comprehensive management of dog genetic research data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research laboratories studying the genetics of companion animals have no database tools specifically designed to aid in the management of the many kinds of data that are generated, stored and analyzed. We have developed a relational database, \\

Julie AS Powell; Jeremy Allen; Nathan B Sutter

2010-01-01

91

Accessing the public MIMIC-II intensive care relational database for clinical research  

E-print Network

Background: The Multiparameter Intelligent Monitoring in Intensive Care II (MIMIC-II) database is a free, public resource for intensive care research. The database was officially released in 2006, and has attracted a growing ...

Scott, Daniel

92

Learning and Adapting for Organisational Change: Researching Union Education in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The last quarter century saw a restructuring of employment, production and trade and a dramatic decline in union membership and density levels. There are many explanations for this, including the hostile industrial relations framework imposed by many governments, but there have been other factors such as the growth of new non-unionized industries

Brown, Tony; Yasukawa, Keiko

2010-01-01

93

Computer access to research on dietary supplements: a database of federally funded dietary supplement research.  

PubMed

Dietary supplement use is prevalent in the United States, but support for supplement research has been relatively modest and only recently emphasized at the NIH. The Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994 led to the creation of the Office of Dietary Supplements (ODS) at the NIH to promote research on dietary supplements. In order to track federally funded dietary supplement research, the ODS developed a database known as Computer Access to Research on Dietary Supplements (CARDS). This article provides an overview of the development and potential uses of the CARDS database. In addition, we report that NIH-funded dietary supplement research steadily increased from fiscal year (FY) 1999 through 2002. The majority of NIH institutes or centers (ICs) funded research relevant to dietary supplements during this time, led by the National Cancer Institute and one of the newest NIH ICs, the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine. CARDS data indicate that NIH-funded dietary supplement research from FY 1999 through 2002 involved primarily vitamins, minerals, botanicals and phytochemicals. Cancer and cardiovascular disease, two of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States, collectively accounted for almost 45% of the research related to dietary supplements. A variety of types of research studies were funded, with the majority consisting of human intervention studies. This information is useful to evaluate trends in federally funded dietary supplement research, identify research gaps, and help research scientists identify potential sources of NIH funding. PMID:15987867

Haggans, Carol J; Regan, Karen S; Brown, Lynda M; Wang, Chunling; Krebs-Smith, Jim; Coates, Paul M; Swanson, Christine A

2005-07-01

94

Using a Database: Comparative Research with a Standard Sample http:// links are live  

E-print Network

Chapter 2 Using a Database: Comparative Research with a Standard Sample http:// links are live The first steps in testing hypotheses with a database are to search the codebook for variables relevant to the hypothesis, study how these variables are coded, and decide which variables to retrieve from the database

White, Douglas R.

95

University Real Estate Development Database: A Database-Driven Internet Research Tool  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University Real Estate Development Database is an Internet resource developed by the University of Baltimore for the Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, containing over six hundred cases of university expansion outside of traditional campus boundaries. The University Real Estate Development database is a searchable collection of real estate

Wiewel, Wim; Kunst, Kara

2008-01-01

96

Rap System of Stress Stimulation Can Promote Bone Union after Lower Tibial Bone Fracture: A Clinical Research  

PubMed Central

Background Lower tibial bone fracture may easily cause bone delayed union or nonunion because of lacking of dynamic mechanical load. Objective Research Group would design a new instrument as Rap System of Stress Stimulation (RSSS) to provide dynamic mechanical load which would promote lower tibial bone union postoperatively. Methods This clinical research was conducted from January 2008 to December 2010, 92 patients(male 61/female 31, age 16-70years, mean 36.3years) who suffered lower tibial bone closed fracture were given intramedullary nail fixation and randomly averagely separated into experimental group and control group(according to the successively order when patients went for the admission procedure). Then researchers analysed the clinical healing time, full weight bearing time, VAS (Visual Analogue Scales) score and callus growth score of Lane-Sandhu in 3,6,12 months postoperatively. The delayed union and nonunion rates were compared at 6 and 12 months separately. Results All the 92 patients had been followed up (mean 14 months). Clinical bone healing time in experimental group was 88.788.80 days but control group was 107.919.03days. Full weight bearing time in experimental group was 94.079.81 days but control group was 113.2413.37 days respectively (P<0.05). The delayed union rate in 6 months was 4.3% in experimental group but 10.9% in control group(P<0.05). The nonunion rate in 12 months was 6.5% in experimental group but 19.6% in control group(P<0.05). In 3, 6, 12 months postoperatively, VAS score and Lane-Sandhu score in experimental group had more significantly difference than them in control group. Conclusions RSSS can intermittently provide dynamic mechanical load and stimulate callus formation, promote lower tibial bone union, reduce bone delayed union or nonunion rate. It is an adjuvant therapy for promoting bone union after lower tibial bone fracture. PMID:22859907

YAO, Jian-fei; SHEN, Jia-zuo; LI, Da-kun; LIN, Da-sheng; Li, Lin; LI, Qiang; Qi, Peng; LIAN, Ke-jian; DING, Zhen-qi

2012-01-01

97

Published in Geophysical Research Letters, 24, 17311734, July 15, 1997. Copyright 1997 by the Americal Geophysical Union. Further distribution is not allowed.  

E-print Network

Published in Geophysical Research Letters, 24, 1731­1734, July 15, 1997. Copyright 1997 by the Americal Geophysical Union. Further distribution is not allowed. Measurement of charge transfer in sprite

Cummer, Steven A.

98

Highlights From the Out-of-School Time Database. Research Update 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Harvard Family Research Project's Out-of-School Time (OST) Program Research and Evaluation Database and Bibliography provide accessible and timely information about research and evaluations involving OST programs and initiatives. This Research Update explores key themes emerging from 13 recent reports added to the OST Research and Evaluation

Harris, Erin

2008-01-01

99

An Ethical Framework for Stem Cell Research in the European Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

The European Union is a nightmare from the perspective of the ethics and regulation of science. A hitherto insoluble problem has been the task of drafting ethical principles which do not founder on the radically different attitudes taken to the question of the moral status of the human embryo. Following the conclusions reached in an international project, EUROSTEM, we suggest

John Harris; Lisa Bortolotti; Louise Irving

2005-01-01

100

European Union Students Studying in English Higher Education Institutions. DIUS Research Report 08-09  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to identify the pathways, intentions and relevant perceptions of (non-UK) European Union (EU) students entering English higher education. It sought to identify why students wished to obtain an English HE qualification, their attitudes towards the uptake and repayment of tuition fee loans and their future career plans. Drawing on

Morris, Marian; Rutt, Simon

2008-01-01

101

Developing a large electronic primary care database (Doctors Independent Network) for research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and objectives: Primary care databases form a unique source of population-based clinical information on the prevalence and management of diagnosed disorders. Historically such databases have lacked individual level socio-economic markers. We describe the development of the Doctors Independent Network (DIN) database for epidemiological and health services research. DIN includes a socio-economic marker (ACORN) based on postcode linkage at individual

Iain M. Carey; Derek G. Cook; Stephen De Wilde; Stephen A. Bremner; Nicky Richards; Steve Caine; David P. Strachan; Sean R. Hilton

2004-01-01

102

Mobile Databases: a Selection of Open Issues and Research Directions * Action members  

E-print Network

Mobile Databases: a Selection of Open Issues and Research Directions * Action members ** 1 EPFL, 2 reports on the main results of a specific action on mobile databases conducted by CNRS in France from October 2001 to December 2002. The objective of this action was to review the state of progress in mobile

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

103

A review of temporal database research and its use in GIS applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

A great deal of recent work in computer science applies itself to temporal database design. Designers of geographical information systems (GIS) can build on this work to create a temporal GIS capability to trace geographical change and understand geographical processes. This paper reviews temporal research in information processing, contrasts various proposed temporal database designs and summarizes the problems of adapting

GAIL LANGRAN

1989-01-01

104

Video Query Processing in the VDBMS Testbed for Video Database Research  

E-print Network

Video Query Processing in the VDBMS Testbed for Video Database Research Walid Aref Moustafa Hammad Elmagarmid Mirette Marzouk ABSTRACT The increased use of video data sets for multimedia-based applications has created a demand for strong video database support, including efficient methods for handling

Ilyas, Ihab Francis

105

A Comprehensive Isolated Farsi/Arabic Character Database for Handwritten OCR Research  

E-print Network

A Comprehensive Isolated Farsi/Arabic Character Database for Handwritten OCR Research Saeed,15914. { s_mozaffari , kfaez, f_faradji,m_ziaratban and smgolzan }@aut.ac.ir Abstract This paper presents a new comprehensive database for isolated offline handwritten Farsi/Arabic numbers and characters

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

106

Dysarthric Speech Database for Universal Access Research Heejin Kim1  

E-print Network

of dysarthric speech produced by 19 speakers with cerebral palsy. Speech materials consist of 765 isolated words secure ftp upon request. Index Terms: speech recognition, dysarthria, cerebral palsy 1. Introduction passage produced by each of six individ- uals with cerebral palsy. This database includes one normal

Hasegawa-Johnson, Mark

107

Research on Anti-Tax Evasion System based on Union-Bank Online Payment mode  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The popularity of the e-commerce facilitates the tax evasion a lot, and the anti-tax evasion work in the e-commerce area becomes\\u000a urgent. We introduced a union-bank online payment mode, which can solve many problems of existing mode such as main body status,\\u000a standardization and inter-bank payment. Besides, it provides a platform for some value added services such as anti-tax evasion,

Yang Qifeng; Feng Bin; Song Ping

2007-01-01

108

Design and deployment of a large brain-image database for clinical and nonclinical research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An efficient database is an essential component of organizing diverse information on image metadata and patient information for research in medical imaging. This paper describes the design, development and deployment of a large database system serving as a brain image repository that can be used across different platforms in various medical researches. It forms the infrastructure that links hospitals and institutions together and shares data among them. The database contains patient-, pathology-, image-, research- and management-specific data. The functionalities of the database system include image uploading, storage, indexing, downloading and sharing as well as database querying and management with security and data anonymization concerns well taken care of. The structure of database is multi-tier client-server architecture with Relational Database Management System, Security Layer, Application Layer and User Interface. Image source adapter has been developed to handle most of the popular image formats. The database has a user interface based on web browsers and is easy to handle. We have used Java programming language for its platform independency and vast function libraries. The brain image database can sort data according to clinically relevant information. This can be effectively used in research from the clinicians" points of view. The database is suitable for validation of algorithms on large population of cases. Medical images for processing could be identified and organized based on information in image metadata. Clinical research in various pathologies can thus be performed with greater efficiency and large image repositories can be managed more effectively. The prototype of the system has been installed in a few hospitals and is working to the satisfaction of the clinicians.

Yang, Guo Liang; Lim, Choie Cheio Tchoyoson; Banukumar, Narayanaswami; Aziz, Aamer; Hui, Francis; Nowinski, Wieslaw L.

2004-04-01

109

Bioinformatic databases and resources in the public domain to aid HLA research.  

PubMed

Research in HLA as in any other field depends on information. Different groups have generated generic and specific resources and tools to support this research. The present review describes a qualified subset of these resources, which should cover the most important starting points for research in the HLA field. It discusses access to HLA allele sequences, allele frequencies, continues with general support to access to literature, DNA and protein sequence information, structural models, teaching books, databases with phenotypic datasets, alignment tools, peptide binding, statistical tools, guidelines and ambiguity coding. Following functionalities and databases have been included: IMGT/HLA, Immuno Polymorphism Database (IPD), allele frequencies*.net, a detailed look into NCBI (National Center of Biotechnology Information) with a subset of databases and tools, focusing on literature research, sequences, user-specific support tools and applications (PubMed, GenBank, MyNCBI, blast, Gene, MapViewer, Structure, CN3D, WorkBench, and dbMHC). This is followed by a brief survey of EBI-EMBL/Ensemble, the sequence alignment tool Clustal, the peptide and ligand databases SYFPEITHI and Immune Epitope Database, and last but not least statistical packages and HLA allele coding resources PyPop, the Immuno-genomics Data Analysis Working Group and the NMDP informatics section. All databases and tools can be freely accessed. Data linked to individuals, however, might require authorization by a data access committee. PMID:22994154

Helmberg, W

2012-10-01

110

Trends in animal behaviour research (19682002): ethoinformatics and the mining of library databases  

E-print Network

Trends in animal behaviour research (1968­2002): ethoinformatics and the mining of library publications contained in an electronic library database to examine trends in animal behaviour research. We provide the first quantitative overview of animal behaviour research covering 42 836 documents published

Ord, Terry

111

Research Update: Highlights from the Out-of-School Time Database. Number 1, April 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Research Update synthesizes findings from the profiles of 15 research and evaluation reports added to the Out-of-School Time Program Research and Evaluation Database in December 2006. It highlights strategies for assessing program processes as well as key outcomes and features of programs that promote positive outcomes. The Harvard Family

Harvard Family Research Project, 2007

2007-01-01

112

Research Update: Highlights from the Out-of-School Time Database. Number 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This "Research Update" synthesizes findings from the profiles of 13 research and evaluation reports added to the Out-of-School Time Program Research and Evaluation Database in August 2007. It highlights innovations and developments in the out-of-school time field and looks at the important benefits out-of-school time programs can provide to youth,

Wimer, Christopher

2007-01-01

113

Union Songs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Forgotten the words to "Joe Hill," "Look for the Union Label," or "Do Re Mi?" Look no further than this site, created and maintained by Mark Gregory, a Web Development Project Officer at Macquarie University (Australia), which features the lyrics and many audio clips of approximately 100 classic and more recent union songs. Numerous lyrics pages also link to related sites. In addition, the site offers some book and CD reviews, a Union Discography, a bibliography, and song and union links. Joe Hill ain't never died.

114

IOPI Database of Plant Databases  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Organization for Plant Information (IOPI), a Commission of the International Union of Biological Sciences (IUBS), manages the Database of Plant Databases (DPD). The DPD is a global list of plant databases including Taxonomic databases ("with systematic information on families or genera, or for Flora projects"); Collection catalogs (usually of herbaria); and DELTA datasets (DELTA is "the Description Language for Taxonomy, a data format for character data, used for identification, key construction and the generation of descriptions."). The DPD may be searched using numerous specified fields, or it may be viewed in its entirety -- by Database Name, Host Name, or Host Country. Though bare bones in appearance, this extensive database contains a gold mine of information, with hundreds of hyperlinks to valuable plant databases.

115

The Evolving Role of Union Learning Representatives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article suggests that the union learning representative (ULR) is increasingly situated at the heart of trade union activity. The paper draws upon recent research based on interviews with national trade union officers and case studies of union learning activity to explore the competing demands being made upon ULRs and the implications for

Moore, Sian; Ross, Cilla

2008-01-01

116

Research applications of the Cambridge Structural Database (CSD).  

PubMed

Crystal structure data are of fundamental importance in a wide spectrum of scientific activities. This tutorial review summarises the principal application areas, so far, for the data from more than 300,000 crystal structures of small organic and metal-organic compounds that are stored in the Cambridge Structural Database (CSD). Direct use of the accumulated data is valuable in establishing standard molecular dimensions, determining conformational preferences and in the study of intermolecular interactions, all of which are crucial in structural chemistry and rational drug design. More recently, information derived from the CSD has been used to construct two dynamic libraries of structural knowledge: Mogul, which stores intramolecular information, and IsoStar, which stores information about intermolecular interactions. These electronic libraries provide information "at the touch of a button". In their turn, the libraries also serve as sources of structural knowledge for applications software that address specific problems in small-molecule and biological chemistry. PMID:15480471

Allen, Frank H; Taylor, Robin

2004-10-20

117

Nigeria Anopheles Vector Database: An Overview of 100 Years' Research  

PubMed Central

Anopheles mosquitoes are important vectors of malaria and lymphatic filariasis (LF), which are major public health diseases in Nigeria. Malaria is caused by infection with a protozoan parasite of the genus Plasmodium and LF by the parasitic worm Wuchereria bancrofti. Updating our knowledge of the Anopheles species is vital in planning and implementing evidence based vector control programs. To present a comprehensive report on the spatial distribution and composition of these vectors, all published data available were collated into a database. Details recorded for each source were the locality, latitude/longitude, time/period of study, species, abundance, sampling/collection methods, morphological and molecular species identification methods, insecticide resistance status, including evidence of the kdr allele, and P. falciparum sporozoite rate and W. bancrofti microfilaria prevalence. This collation resulted in a total of 110 publications, encompassing 484,747 Anopheles mosquitoes in 632 spatially unique descriptions at 142 georeferenced locations being identified across Nigeria from 1900 to 2010. Overall, the highest number of vector species reported included An. gambiae complex (65.2%), An. funestus complex (17.3%), An. gambiae s.s. (6.5%). An. arabiensis (5.0%) and An. funestus s.s. (2.5%), with the molecular forms An. gambiae M and S identified at 120 locations. A variety of sampling/collection and species identification methods were used with an increase in molecular techniques in recent decades. Insecticide resistance to pyrethroids and organochlorines was found in the main Anopheles species across 45 locations. Presence of P. falciparum and W. bancrofti varied between species with the highest sporozoite rates found in An. gambiae s.s, An. funestus s.s. and An. moucheti, and the highest microfilaria prevalence in An. gambiae s.l., An. arabiensis, and An. gambiae s.s. This comprehensive geo-referenced database provides an essential baseline on Anopheles vectors and will be an important resource for malaria and LF vector control programmes in Nigeria. PMID:22162764

Okorie, Patricia Nkem; McKenzie, F. Ellis; Ademowo, Olusegun George; Bockarie, Moses; Kelly-Hope, Louise

2011-01-01

118

Nigeria Anopheles vector database: an overview of 100 years' research.  

PubMed

Anopheles mosquitoes are important vectors of malaria and lymphatic filariasis (LF), which are major public health diseases in Nigeria. Malaria is caused by infection with a protozoan parasite of the genus Plasmodium and LF by the parasitic worm Wuchereria bancrofti. Updating our knowledge of the Anopheles species is vital in planning and implementing evidence based vector control programs. To present a comprehensive report on the spatial distribution and composition of these vectors, all published data available were collated into a database. Details recorded for each source were the locality, latitude/longitude, time/period of study, species, abundance, sampling/collection methods, morphological and molecular species identification methods, insecticide resistance status, including evidence of the kdr allele, and P. falciparum sporozoite rate and W. bancrofti microfilaria prevalence. This collation resulted in a total of 110 publications, encompassing 484,747 Anopheles mosquitoes in 632 spatially unique descriptions at 142 georeferenced locations being identified across Nigeria from 1900 to 2010. Overall, the highest number of vector species reported included An. gambiae complex (65.2%), An. funestus complex (17.3%), An. gambiae s.s. (6.5%). An. arabiensis (5.0%) and An. funestus s.s. (2.5%), with the molecular forms An. gambiae M and S identified at 120 locations. A variety of sampling/collection and species identification methods were used with an increase in molecular techniques in recent decades. Insecticide resistance to pyrethroids and organochlorines was found in the main Anopheles species across 45 locations. Presence of P. falciparum and W. bancrofti varied between species with the highest sporozoite rates found in An. gambiae s.s, An. funestus s.s. and An. moucheti, and the highest microfilaria prevalence in An. gambiae s.l., An. arabiensis, and An. gambiae s.s. This comprehensive geo-referenced database provides an essential baseline on Anopheles vectors and will be an important resource for malaria and LF vector control programmes in Nigeria. PMID:22162764

Okorie, Patricia Nkem; McKenzie, F Ellis; Ademowo, Olusegun George; Bockarie, Moses; Kelly-Hope, Louise

2011-01-01

119

Impact of IPAD on CAD/CAM database university research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

IPAD program has provided direction, focus and software products which impacted on CAD/CAM data base research and follow-on research. The relationship of IPAD to the research projects which involve the storage of geometric data in common data ase facilities such as data base machines, the exchange of data between heterogeneous data bases, the development of IGES processors, the migration of lrge CAD/CAM data base management systems to noncompatible hosts, and the value of RIM as a research tool is described.

Leach, L. M.; Wozny, M. J.

1984-01-01

120

Real-time magnetic resonance imaging and electromagnetic articulography database for speech production research (TC).  

PubMed

USC-TIMIT is an extensive database of multimodal speech production data, developed to complement existing resources available to the speech research community and with the intention of being continuously refined and augmented. The database currently includes real-time magnetic resonance imaging data from five male and five female speakers of American English. Electromagnetic articulography data have also been presently collected from four of these speakers. The two modalities were recorded in two independent sessions while the subjects produced the same 460 sentence corpus used previously in the MOCHA-TIMIT database. In both cases the audio signal was recorded and synchronized with the articulatory data. The database and companion software are freely available to the research community. PMID:25190403

Narayanan, Shrikanth; Toutios, Asterios; Ramanarayanan, Vikram; Lammert, Adam; Kim, Jangwon; Lee, Sungbok; Nayak, Krishna; Kim, Yoon-Chul; Zhu, Yinghua; Goldstein, Louis; Byrd, Dani; Bresch, Erik; Ghosh, Prasanta; Katsamanis, Athanasios; Proctor, Michael

2014-09-01

121

Databases and coordinated research projects at the IAEA on atomic processes in plasmas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Atomic and Molecular Data Unit at the IAEA works with a network of national data centres to encourage and coordinate production and dissemination of fundamental data for atomic, molecular and plasma-material interaction (A+M/PMI) processes that are relevant to the realization of fusion energy. The Unit maintains numerical and bibliographical databases and has started a Wiki-style knowledge base. The Unit also contributes to A+M database interface standards and provides a search engine that offers a common interface to multiple numerical A+M/PMI databases. Coordinated Research Projects (CRPs) bring together fusion energy researchers and atomic, molecular and surface physicists for joint work towards the development of new data and new methods. The databases and current CRPs on A+M/PMI processes are briefly described here.

Braams, Bastiaan J.; Chung, Hyun-Kyung

2012-05-01

122

Databases and coordinated research projects at the IAEA on atomic processes in plasmas  

SciTech Connect

The Atomic and Molecular Data Unit at the IAEA works with a network of national data centres to encourage and coordinate production and dissemination of fundamental data for atomic, molecular and plasma-material interaction (A+M/PMI) processes that are relevant to the realization of fusion energy. The Unit maintains numerical and bibliographical databases and has started a Wiki-style knowledge base. The Unit also contributes to A+M database interface standards and provides a search engine that offers a common interface to multiple numerical A+M/PMI databases. Coordinated Research Projects (CRPs) bring together fusion energy researchers and atomic, molecular and surface physicists for joint work towards the development of new data and new methods. The databases and current CRPs on A+M/PMI processes are briefly described here.

Braams, Bastiaan J.; Chung, Hyun-Kyung [Nuclear Data Section, NAPC Division, International Atomic Energy Agency P. O. Box 100, Vienna International Centre, AT-1400 Vienna (Austria)

2012-05-25

123

Romanian contribution to research infrastructure database for EPOS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

European Plate Observation System - EPOS is a long-term plan to facilitate integrated use of data, models and facilities from mainly distributed existing, but also new, research infrastructures for solid Earth Science. In EPOS Preparatory Phase were integrated the national Research Infrastructures at pan European level in order to create the EPOS distributed research infrastructures, structure in which, at the present time, Romania participates by means of the earth science research infrastructures of the national interest declared on the National Roadmap. The mission of EPOS is to build an efficient and comprehensive multidisciplinary research platform for solid Earth Sciences in Europe and to allow the scientific community to study the same phenomena from different points of view, in different time periods and spatial scales (laboratory and field experiments). At national scale, research and monitoring infrastructures have gathered a vast amount of geological and geophysical data, which have been used by research networks to underpin our understanding of the Earth. EPOS promotes the creation of comprehensive national and regional consortia, as well as the organization of collective actions. To serve the EPOS goals, in Romania a group of National Research Institutes, together with their infrastructures, gathered in an EPOS National Consortium, as follows: 1. National Institute for Earth Physics - Seismic, strong motion, GPS and Geomagnetic network and Experimental Laboratory; 2. National Institute of Marine Geology and Geoecology - Marine Research infrastructure and Euxinus integrated regional Black Sea observation and early-warning system; 3. Geological Institute of Romania - Surlari National Geomagnetic Observatory and National lithoteque (the latter as part of the National Museum of Geology) 4. University of Bucharest - Paleomagnetic Laboratory After national dissemination of EPOS initiative other Research Institutes and companies from the potential stakeholders group also show their interest to participate in the EPOS National Consortium.

Ionescu, Constantin; Craiu, Andreea; Tataru, Dragos; Balan, Stefan; Muntean, Alexandra; Nastase, Eduard; Oaie, Gheorghe; Asimopolos, Laurentiu; Panaiotu, Cristian

2014-05-01

124

Data Recycling: Using Existing Databases to Increase Research Capacity in Speech-Language Development and Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This clinical forum was organized to provide a means for informing the research and clinical communities of one mechanism through which research capacity might be enhanced within the field of speech-language pathology. Specifically, forum authors describe the process of conducting secondary analyses of extant databases to answer questions

Justice, Laura M.; Breit-Smith, Allison; Rogers, Margaret

2010-01-01

125

Web research and genres in online databases: When the glossy page disappears  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article details the impact of online databases, proquest in particular, on composition research. When distinguishing different online texts, students often encounter research and documentation difficulties, indicating a need for more instruction that addresses new literacies emerging from the current transitional age of electronic and print cultures. I present new evaluative methods for online documents that utilize knowledge of online

Michelle Sidler

2002-01-01

126

Research Exemption/Experimental Use in the European Union: Patents Do Not Block the Progress of Science.  

PubMed

In the public debate about patents, specifically in the area of biotechnology, the position has been taken that patents block the progress of science. As we demonstrate in this review, this is not the case in the European Union (EU). The national patent acts of the EU member states define research and experimental use exemptions from patent infringement that allow sufficient room for research activities to promote innovation. This review provides a comparative overview of the legal requirements and the extent and limitations of experimental use exemptions, including the so-called Bolar provision, in Germany, the United Kingdom, France, Spain, Italy, and The Netherlands. The legal framework in the respective countries is illustrated with reference to practical examples concerning tests on patent-protected genetic targets and antibodies. Specific questions concerning the use of patent-protected research tools, the outsourcing of research activities, and the use of preparatory and supplying acts for experimental purposes that are necessary for conducting experiments are covered. PMID:25377145

Jaenichen, Hans-Rainer; Pitz, Johann

2014-11-01

127

Synthesis of qualitative research on drug use in the European Union: report on an EMCDDA project. European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction.  

PubMed

This paper is a synthesis of the information in the report Inventory, Bibliography and Synthesis of Qualitative Research in the European Union which was co-ordinated for the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, Lisbon, Portugal, by the National Addiction Centre, London, UK. It is based on the work of a network of qualitative researchers from the European Union. The report includes detailed information from each member state on current qualitative projects, relevant publications from the last 10 years and a directory of those researchers active in this area. The paper introduces the project, outlines its future direction and discusses what can be defined as 'qualitative research'. Historical developments and the role of qualitative methodology in relation to research into drug use are examined. A summary of the project's findings is presented, and the relevance of qualitative research for policy-making is discussed. Finally, the methodology used to collect data for the project is described. PMID:10085497

Fountain, J; Griffiths, P

1999-03-01

128

The database research group at the Max-Planck Institute for Informatics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Max-Planck Institute for Informatics (MPI-INF) is one of 80 institutes of the Max-Planck Society, Germany's premier scientific organization for foundational research with numerous Nobel prizes in natural sciences and medicine. MPI-INF hosts about 150 researchers (including graduate students) and comprises 5 research groups on algorithms and complexity, programming logics, computational biology and applied algorithmics, computer graphics, and databases and

Gerhard Weikum

2006-01-01

129

Policy for the National Database for Autism Research The NIH is interested in advancing research to identify common genetic or other factors that influence the prevention,  

E-print Network

Policy for the National Database for Autism Research (NDAR) Background The NIH is interested, diagnosis, and treatment of autism spectrum disorders. The National Database for Autism Research (NDAR. The NIH hopes that broad research use of NDAR will accelerate the advancement of research on autism

Bandettini, Peter A.

130

National Taxpayers Union & National Taxpayers Union Foundation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established in 1969, both the National Taxpayers Union (NTU), along with its research arm, the National Taxpayers Union Foundation (NTUF), were designed to explore and research the various aspects of taxation, government spending, economics, and regulation. From their homepage, visitors can learn about their latest works and read about the organization's activities in the "About" section. For persons with policy interests, the "Research" section will be a place to spend some time in, as it contains commentaries, full research reports, and issue briefs. The site also has several special features, including their official blog and the NTU's own generated rankings of members of Congress. The site is rounded out by an area where visitors can sign up to receive news briefs and updates from the NTU.

131

Inter-Parliamentary Union = Union Interparlementaire  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Inter-Parliamentary Union, a "world organization of parliaments of sovereign States" since 1889, provides this informational site, which is highlighted by two searchable databases, PARLINE and PARLIT. PARLINE contains information about parliaments in over 190 countries, including structure, leader, percentage of women, term, and other useful data which may include distribution by political group and sex, candidacy eligiblilty requirements, and background to the last election. A comparative search function allows qualitative and quantitative search variables and returns country parliaments that meet specifications. PARLIT contains bibliographic references to a subset of IPU's 37,000 item database. Items from 1992-present are currently available. Searches can be performed on seven variables, including country, parliamentary organization, periodical, and language. The IPU site also contains links to parliamentary web sites and other information about the organization.

1998-01-01

132

Published in Geophysical Research Letters, v. 27, no. 5, pp. 637640, March 1, 2000. Copyright 2000 by the American Geophysical Union.  

E-print Network

Published in Geophysical Research Letters, v. 27, no. 5, pp. 637­640, March 1, 2000. Copyright 2000 by the American Geophysical Union. Global multispectral auroral imaging of an isolated substorm S. A. Cummer,1,2 R of Geophysics, University of Washington, Seattle, Wash- ington 6Department of Physics and Astronomy, University

?stgaard, Nikolai

133

Moving to Google Cloud: Renovation of Global Borehole Temperature Database for Climate Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Borehole temperature comprises an independent archive of information on climate change which is complementary to the instrumental and other proxy climate records. With support from the international geothermal community, a global database of borehole temperatures has been constructed for the specific purpose of the study on climate change. Although this database has become an important data source in climate research, there are certain limitations partially because the framework of the existing borehole temperature database was hand-coded some twenty years ago. A database renovation work is now underway to take the advantages of the contemporary online database technologies. The major intended improvements include 1) dynamically linking a borehole site to Google Earth to allow for inspection of site specific geographical information; 2) dynamically linking an original key reference of a given borehole site to Google Scholar to allow for a complete list of related publications; and 3) enabling site selection and data download based on country, coordinate range, and contributor. There appears to be a good match between the enhancement requirements for this database and the functionalities of the newly released Google Fusion Tables application. Google Fusion Tables is a cloud-based service for data management, integration, and visualization. This experimental application can consolidate related online resources such as Google Earth, Google Scholar, and Google Drive for sharing and enriching an online database. It is user friendly, allowing users to apply filters and to further explore the internet for additional information regarding the selected data. The users also have ways to map, to chart, and to calculate on the selected data, and to download just the subset needed. The figure below is a snapshot of the database currently under Google Fusion Tables renovation. We invite contribution and feedback from the geothermal and climate research community to make the global database of borehole temperatures an even better resource in climate research. Acknowledgement: This work is supported by NSF Grant 1202673. Google Fusion Tables Interface of the Global Database of Borehole Temperatures and Climate Reconstructions

Xiong, Y.; Huang, S.

2013-12-01

134

Large-scale spatial population databases in infectious disease research  

PubMed Central

Modelling studies on the spatial distribution and spread of infectious diseases are becoming increasingly detailed and sophisticated, with global risk mapping and epidemic modelling studies now popular. Yet, in deriving populations at risk of disease estimates, these spatial models must rely on existing global and regional datasets on population distribution, which are often based on outdated and coarse resolution data. Moreover, a variety of different methods have been used to model population distribution at large spatial scales. In this review we describe the main global gridded population datasets that are freely available for health researchers and compare their construction methods, and highlight the uncertainties inherent in these population datasets. We review their application in past studies on disease risk and dynamics, and discuss how the choice of dataset can affect results. Moreover, we highlight how the lack of contemporary, detailed and reliable data on human population distribution in low income countries is proving a barrier to obtaining accurate large-scale estimates of population at risk and constructing reliable models of disease spread, and suggest research directions required to further reduce these barriers. PMID:22433126

2012-01-01

135

Adopting a corporate perspective on databases. Improving support for research and decision making.  

PubMed

The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) is at the forefront of designing and managing health care information systems that accommodate the needs of clinicians, researchers, and administrators at all levels. Rather than using one single-site, centralized corporate database VHA has constructed several large databases with different configurations to meet the needs of users with different perspectives. The largest VHA database is the Decentralized Hospital Computer Program (DHCP), a multisite, distributed data system that uses decoupled hospital databases. The centralization of DHCP policy has promoted data coherence, whereas the decentralization of DHCP management has permitted system development to be done with maximum relevance to the users'local practices. A more recently developed VHA data system, the Event Driven Reporting system (EDR), uses multiple, highly coupled databases to provide workload data at facility, regional, and national levels. The EDR automatically posts a subset of DHCP data to local and national VHA management. The development of the EDR illustrates how adoption of a corporate perspective can offer significant database improvements at reasonable cost and with modest impact on the legacy system. PMID:8598692

Meistrell, M; Schlehuber, C

1996-03-01

136

Research Goes to School II: How to Go On-Line to the Information Database.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to help educators locate the most up-to-date research and information available for decision making, this handbook summarizes a vast collection of current educational, technical, and sociological information in computer databases. As online information systems multiply and become more consumer-oriented, and as microcomputers and modems

Newman, Joan; Motomatsu, Nancy

137

Heavy Oil Database from the National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research (NIPER)  

DOE Data Explorer

The Heavy Oil Database resulted from work funded by DOE and performed at the National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research (NIPER). It contains information on more than 500 resevoirs in a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet. The information was collected in 1992 and updated periodically through 2003. Save the zipped file to your PC, then open to access the data.

138

Development of English Speech Database Read by Japanese to Support CALL Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes development of ERJ (English Read by Japanese) database, which is designed to support CALL (Com- puter Assisted Language Learning) research. The DB is divided into two parts, English read by Japanese and that by Americans with the same reading sheets in both. The reading material is composed of four sections, prosodic\\/phonetic ? sentence\\/word sections. 202 Japanese students

Nobuaki MINEMATSU; Yoshihiro TOMIYAMA; Kei YOSHIMOTO; Katsumasa SHIMIZU; Seiichi NAKAGAWA; Masatake DANTSUJI; Shozo MAKINO

139

Investigating the Causes of 'VFR into IMC' Accidents: Database Analyses and Flight Simulation Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

General Aviation (GA) accidents involving 'VFR into IMC' continue to be a major source of fatalities with a fatality rate more than four times greater than for GA accidents in general. There has been much speculation and little solid evidence on the causes of these accidents. We have designed a broad programme of research involving analyses of air accident databases

David O'Hare; Douglas Owen

140

Assessing the Saskatchewan database for outcomes research studies of depression and its treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was conducted to evaluate the validity of using the Saskatchewan Health administrative claims databases for conducting depression research. To develop a claims-based definition of depression, we identified a cohort of individuals who began a new period of antidepressant use (no use 180 days prior) from which we selected a stratified random sample (n = 600) for medical record

Suzanne L West; Anke Richter; Catherine A Melfi; Mary McNutt; Marianne E Nennstiel; Josephine A Mauskopf

2000-01-01

141

Current Trends and New Challenges of Databases and Web Applications for Systems Driven Biological Research  

PubMed Central

Dynamic and rapidly evolving nature of systems driven research imposes special requirements on the technology, approach, design and architecture of computational infrastructure including database and Web application. Several solutions have been proposed to meet the expectations and novel methods have been developed to address the persisting problems of data integration. It is important for researchers to understand different technologies and approaches. Having familiarized with the pros and cons of the existing technologies, researchers can exploit its capabilities to the maximum potential for integrating data. In this review we discuss the architecture, design and key technologies underlying some of the prominent databases and Web applications. We will mention their roles in integration of biological data and investigate some of the emerging design concepts and computational technologies that are likely to have a key role in the future of systems driven biomedical research. PMID:21423387

Sreenivasaiah, Pradeep Kumar; Kim, Do Han

2010-01-01

142

Current trends and new challenges of databases and web applications for systems driven biological research.  

PubMed

Dynamic and rapidly evolving nature of systems driven research imposes special requirements on the technology, approach, design and architecture of computational infrastructure including database and Web application. Several solutions have been proposed to meet the expectations and novel methods have been developed to address the persisting problems of data integration. It is important for researchers to understand different technologies and approaches. Having familiarized with the pros and cons of the existing technologies, researchers can exploit its capabilities to the maximum potential for integrating data. In this review we discuss the architecture, design and key technologies underlying some of the prominent databases and Web applications. We will mention their roles in integration of biological data and investigate some of the emerging design concepts and computational technologies that are likely to have a key role in the future of systems driven biomedical research. PMID:21423387

Sreenivasaiah, Pradeep Kumar; Kim, Do Han

2010-01-01

143

One-Stop Shopping: RLIN as a Union Catalog for Research Collections at the Getty Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the transition of the Getty Center Photo Archive from a museum library serving a select curatorial clientele to a major art research library, and the resulting need to devise new cataloging schemes. The discussion covers efforts to reconcile existing cataloging formats with MARC formats. (CLB)

Bower, James M.

1988-01-01

144

Advanced Wearable Health Systems and Applications - Research and Development Efforts in the European Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research and development on smart wearable health systems and applications (SWHSA) was motivated by the need to respond successfully to the healthcare challenges of reducing healthcare costs while maintaining a high quality of care, providing ubiquitous easy access to care, and shifting the focus of healthcare expenditure from treatment to prevention through wellness programs. Physiological monitoring with SWHS has so

ANDREAS LYMBERIS; Andre Dittmar

2007-01-01

145

Global Invasive Species Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Global Invasive Species Database was developed by the Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG), an international group of 100+ scientific and policy experts with the Species Survival Commission (SSC) of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN). The entry page of the Website offers background information on invasive species and instructions on how to use the database. A section entitled 100 of the worst (ranging from Rat to Purple Loosestrife) gives viewers an idea of the type of information that will be included in the database, both in terms of expected detail and organizational structure of the database. Types of information provided for each species include Ecology, Distribution, Habitat Matches, References, and Contacts. In addition, a Predictive feature allows viewers to predict the expansion of invasive species, and the Early Warning System matches habitats that the species has already invaded with "other similar habitats around the world." Although still under construction, this database should be a powerful tool for researchers and educators, once completed.

146

The European Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

The European Union has established itself as a leading text that provides readers from all disciplines with a sound understanding of the economics and policies of the EU. Its wealth of information, detail and analysis has ensured that previous editions have been read by a generation of students, researchers and policy makers. It covers all major EU policy areas as

Ali M. El-Agraa

1990-01-01

147

Solubility Database  

National Institute of Standards and Technology Data Gateway

SRD 106 IUPAC-NIST Solubility Database (Web, free access) These solubilities are compiled from 18 volumes (Click here for List) of the International Union for Pure and Applied Chemistry(IUPAC)-NIST Solubility Data Series. The database includes liquid-liquid, solid-liquid, and gas-liquid systems. Typical solvents and solutes include water, seawater, heavy water, inorganic compounds, and a variety of organic compounds such as hydrocarbons, halogenated hydrocarbons, alcohols, acids, esters and nitrogen compounds. There are over 67,500 solubility measurements and over 1800 references.

148

The Research on the Algorithms of Keyword Search in Relational Database  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the development of relational database, people require better database not only in the aspect of database performance,\\u000a but also in the aspect of the databases interactive ability. So that the database is much more friendly than just before\\u000a and it is possible for a common user who do not have any special knowledge on database can access the database,

Peng Li; Qing Zhu; Shan Wang

2008-01-01

149

Validity of diagnostic coding within the General Practice Research Database: a systematic review  

PubMed Central

Background The UK-based General Practice Research Database (GPRD) is a valuable source of longitudinal primary care records and is increasingly used for epidemiological research. Aim To conduct a systematic review of the literature on accuracy and completeness of diagnostic coding in the GPRD. Design of study Systematic review. Method Six electronic databases were searched using search terms relating to the GPRD, in association with terms synonymous with validity, accuracy, concordance, and recording. A positive predictive value was calculated for each diagnosis that considered a comparison with a gold standard. Studies were also considered that compared the GPRD with other databases and national statistics. Results A total of 49 papers are included in this review. Forty papers conducted validation of a clinical diagnosis in the GPRD. When assessed against a gold standard (validation using GP questionnaire, primary care medical records, or hospital correspondence), most of the diagnoses were accurately recorded in the patient electronic record. Acute conditions were not as well recorded, with positive predictive values lower than 50%. Twelve papers compared prevalence or consultation rates in the GPRD against other primary care databases or national statistics. Generally, there was good agreement between disease prevalence and consultation rates between the GPRD and other datasets; however, rates of diabetes and musculoskeletal conditions were underestimated in the GPRD. Conclusion Most of the diagnoses coded in the GPRD are well recorded. Researchers using the GPRD may want to consider how well the disease of interest is recorded before planning research, and consider how to optimise the identification of clinical events. PMID:20202356

Khan, Nada F; Harrison, Sian E; Rose, Peter W

2010-01-01

150

Genomics and Public Health Research: Can the State Allow Access to Genomic Databases?  

PubMed Central

Because many diseases are multifactorial disorders, the scientific progress in genomics and genetics should be taken into consideration in public health research. In this context, genomic databases will constitute an important source of information. Consequently, it is important to identify and characterize the States role and authority on matters related to public health, in order to verify whether it has access to such databases while engaging in public health genomic research. We first consider the evolution of the concept of public health, as well as its core functions, using a comparative approach (e.g. WHO, PAHO, CDC and the Canadian province of Quebec). Following an analysis of relevant Quebec legislation, the precautionary principle is examined as a possible avenue to justify State access to and use of genomic databases for research purposes. Finally, we consider the Influenza pandemic plans developed by WHO, Canada, and Quebec, as examples of key tools framing public health decision-making process. We observed that State powers in public health, are not, in Quebec, well adapted to the expansion of genomics research. We propose that the scope of the concept of research in public health should be clear and include the following characteristics: a commitment to the health and well-being of the population and to their determinants; the inclusion of both applied research and basic research; and, an appropriate model of governance (authorization, follow-up, consent, etc.). We also suggest that the strategic approach version of the precautionary principle could guide collective choices in these matters. PMID:23113174

Cousineau, J; Girard, N; Monardes, C; Leroux, T; Jean, M Stanton

2012-01-01

151

Overtime Pay, Overtime Hours, and Labor Unions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyzes the effect of labor unions on overtime compensation and overtime hours. Estimates from May 1985 Current Population Survey data indicate that unionization increases the prevalence of premium pay for overtime and reduces the incidence and extent of overtime hours. Along with the finding of previous research that unionized workers are more susceptible to temporary layoffs, these results

Stephen J. Trejo

1993-01-01

152

The First Attempts to Unionize the Faculty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: Faculty unionization is an important topic in modern higher education, but the history of the phenomenon has not yet been fully considered. This article brings together issues of professionalization and unionization and provides needed historical background to ongoing unionization efforts and debates. Purpose/Objective/Research

Cain, Timothy Reese

2010-01-01

153

Validation of Acute Myocardial Infarction Cases in the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan  

PubMed Central

Background The aim of this study was to determine the validity of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) diagnosis coding in the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) by cross-comparisons of discharge diagnoses listed in the NHIRD with those in the medical records obtained from a medical center in Taiwan. Methods This was a cross-sectional study comparing records in the NHIRD and discharge notes in one medical center (DNMC) in the year 2008. Positive predictive values (PPVs) for AMI diagnoses were evaluated by reviewing the relevant clinical and laboratory data recorded in the discharge notes of the medical center. Agreement in comorbidities, cardiac procedures, and antiplatelet agent (aspirin or clopidogrel) prescriptions between the two databases was evaluated. Results We matched 341 cases of AMI hospitalizations from the two databases, and 338 cases underwent complete chart review. Of these 338 AMI cases, 297 were confirmed with clinical and lab data, which yielded a PPV of 0.88. The consistency rate for coronary intervention, stenting, and antiplatelet prescription at admission was high, yielding a PPV over 0.90. The percentage of consistency in comorbidity diagnoses was 95.9% (324/338) among matched AMI cases. Conclusions The NHIRD appears to be a valid resource for population research in cardiovascular diseases. PMID:25174915

Cheng, Ching-Lan; Lee, Cheng-Han; Chen, Po-Sheng; Li, Yi-Heng; Lin, Swu-Jane; Yang, Yea-Huei Kao

2014-01-01

154

Proving and therapeutic experiments in the HomBRex basic homeopathy research database.  

PubMed

The HomBRex database of basic research experiments on homeopathy indexes studies on biological systems including animal, human, plant, fungi and microbial organisms. Its objective is to index proving and therapeutic experiments on the Similia Principle and the role of dilution and succussion of substances in experimental biologic systems. The database was analyzed when it contained more than 1100 experiments in more than 900 original articles. The database provides information on 732 experiments using healthy human, animal and plant systems. These experiments were divided into 'ideal' model proving (475) and prophylactic (257) categories. It also includes 397 therapeutic experiments, in which an effect of a substance was tested in a diseased or disturbed system. A large number of substances were used, including high and low dilutions and potencies-191 substances in proving, 130 in prophylactic and 112 in therapeutic experiments. In general, basic research in homeopathy does not directly investigate the Similia Principle. We conclude, that from the overwhelming variety in organisms, diseased states, and substances, only a limited number of biological systems and states should be selected to study the Similia Principle. PMID:17954383

Van Wijk, R; Albrecht, H

2007-10-01

155

Computer-Aided Systems Engineering for Flight Research Projects Using a Workgroup Database  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An online systems engineering tool for flight research projects has been developed through the use of a workgroup database. Capabilities are implemented for typical flight research systems engineering needs in document library, configuration control, hazard analysis, hardware database, requirements management, action item tracking, project team information, and technical performance metrics. Repetitive tasks are automated to reduce workload and errors. Current data and documents are instantly available online and can be worked on collaboratively. Existing forms and conventional processes are used, rather than inventing or changing processes to fit the tool. An integrated tool set offers advantages by automatically cross-referencing data, minimizing redundant data entry, and reducing the number of programs that must be learned. With a simplified approach, significant improvements are attained over existing capabilities for minimal cost. By using a workgroup-level database platform, personnel most directly involved in the project can develop, modify, and maintain the system, thereby saving time and money. As a pilot project, the system has been used to support an in-house flight experiment. Options are proposed for developing and deploying this type of tool on a more extensive basis.

Mizukami, Masahi

2004-01-01

156

[The development of European Union common research and development policy and programs with special regard to life sciences].  

PubMed

Research and development (R&D) has been playing a leading role in the European Community's history since the very beginning of European integration. Its importance has grown in recent years, after the launch of the Lisbon strategy. Framework programs have always played a considerable part in community research. The aim of their introduction was to fine tune national R&D activities, and to successfully divide research tasks between the Community and the member states. The Community, from the very outset, has acknowledged the importance of life sciences. It is no coincidence that life sciences have become the second biggest priority in the last two framework programs. This study provides a historical, and at the same time analytical and evaluative review of community R&D policy and activity from the starting point of its development until the present day. It examines in detail how the changes in structure, conditional system, regulations and priorities of the framework programs have followed the formation of social and economic needs. The paper puts special emphasis on the analysis of the development of life science research, presenting how they have met the challenges of the age, and how they have been built into the framework programs. Another research area of the present study is to elaborate how successfully Hungarian researchers have been joining the community research, especially the framework programs in the field of life sciences. To answer these questions, it was essential to survey, process and analyze the data available in the national and European public and closed databases. Contrary to the previous documents, this analysis doesn't concentrate on the political and scientific background. It outlines which role community research has played in sustainable social and economic development and competitiveness, how it has supported common policies and how the processes of integration have been deepening. Besides, the present paper offers a complete review of the given field, from its foundation up until the present day, by elaborating the newest initiatives and ideas for the future. This work is also novel from the point of view of the given professional field, the life sciences in the framework programs, and processing and evaluating of data of Hungarian participation in the 5th and 6th framework programs in the field of life sciences. PMID:19632918

Przse, Gbor

2009-08-01

157

[Development of medical image database aiming at subject service of clinic research].  

PubMed

In order to optimize the data flow of subject datasets and to establish the service platform of medical image data, we developed a medical image database aiming at subject service of clinic research. Firstly, a novel integrated infrastructure was designed, which was based on the requirements of database system and the survey of data resource. Then, several standards and technologies had been used in the construction of this novel system, including "Subject dataset-Sample data-Image files" three-ties image information framework, DICOM-based data processing, Index & file hybrid structure of file management strategy, etc. The new system has been successfully deployed in our test-bed and has got satisfactory results. PMID:23488132

Guo, Huayuan; Xue, Wanguo; Yin, Ling; Du, Peng

2013-02-01

158

World Database of Crystallographers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Database of Crystallographers and of Other Scientists Employing Crystallographic Methods is offered by the International Union of Crystallography. The simple database can be searched by family name, title, interests, address, and various other criteria. Results include basic information such as full name, position, institution address, degrees held, key interests, and contact information. Those seeking such specific information will appreciate this unique resource.

159

Achieving Long-term Site Productivity in the Pacific Northwest: Research-Driven Databases to Guide Best Management Practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Achievement of long-term site productivity (LTSP) requires well-designed databases and decision-support tools that help formulate site-specific best management practices (BMPs). Progress is being made in the Pacific Northwest to expand the research base and databases that address LTSP questions. Collaborative research is directed at understanding the mechanisms of treatment response and the effects of biomass removal\\/manipulation, soil disturbance, vegetation management,

A. Ares; T. A. Terry; R. A. Harrison; C. A. Harrington; K. B. Piatek; B. L. Flaming; C. W. Licata; B. D. Strahm; R. Meade; R. E. Miller; W. D. Devine; D. Peter; K. Petersen; H. W. Anderson; T. Harrington

160

Attitudes and Behavior of UMCP Students and Employees toward the Maryland Student Union. Research Report No. 3-81.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attitudes and behavior of students and employees at The University of Maryland, College Park, regarding the Maryland Student Union (MSU) were surveyed. The typical respondent was a single, white, undergraduate female, who commuted to school and was likely to use the MSU approximately four times a week. There was a generally positive attitude

Webster, Dennis W.; Sedlacek, William E.

161

German federal and state governments, the European Union, the National Ministry of Education and Research, the National  

E-print Network

German federal and state governments, the European Union, the National Ministry of Education, the Graduate School offers several courses, for example, a Bachelor, Master and PhD programme of studies will be of immense relevance for the future, especially in view of the dramatic demographic changes in population

Pfeifer, Holger

162

Global ecosystems database. Version 1. 0 (on CD-ROM). EPA Global Climate Research Program. NOAA\\/NGDC global change database program. User's guide. Volume 1. NGDC key to geophysical records documentation No. 26  

Microsoft Academic Search

The user's guide gives a complete description of the overall project, including management, research, development, and review procedures that support the integration and improvement of this database, details of the database structure, organization of the CD-ROM, information on use with geographic information systems, as well as information on links between the database and global change characterization and modeling.

Kineman

1992-01-01

163

The Naval Research Laboratory's High-Resolution (27km) Dust Source Database for Southwest Asia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the past, the Naval Research Laboratory's (NRL) regional weather model, COAMPS?, used the United States Geological Survey (USGS) land use characteristic dataset to determine dust emission areas. However, three major weaknesses in using the USGS dataset to specify sources have become apparent. 1. The land use characteristics of Southwest Asia have changed due to anthropogenic influences, drought, and climate change. 2. The land use classifications for desert regions are too broad. Most of Southwest Asia falls under the eight dust-producing categories, thus the entire region functions as a dust source. 3. The USGS derived one-degree database is too coarse to match the 9- and 27-km resolution nests of COAMPS?. As a result of these weaknesses in the USGS dataset, COAMPS? tends to over-predict dust mobilization and detailed spatial features, such as plume heads and dust fronts, are not resolved. To overcome these issues, we have created a high-resolution (27 km) dust source database using satellite imagery, maps, atlases, and recently released governmental reports. In this paper we will describe the approach and methodology used in identifying dust sources for the high-resolution database. The primary tool used to locate dust emission areas in Southwest Asia is the NRL satellite derived Dust Enhancement Product (DEP). The DEP consolidates and extends previous satellite techniques to distinguish raised dust over land and water from the other components of the scene. When compared to standard visible satellite imagery (at 0.65 ?m) the DEP readily reveals dust clouds previously undectable in true color imagery. The 1-km and 500-m resolution of the DEP allows us to identify individual plume heads (often measuring 10 km or less across) that merge to form larger plumes and clouds during dust events. An essential step in our identification process is cross-correlating these plume heads with geomorphological information to determine the location, extent and validity of each dust source before entry into the database. Improvements and differences in temporal and spatial resolution between the NRL dust source database and the USGS dataset will be given. The impact on dust forecasting using the high-resolution database will be shown in this and other papers in this special session.

Walker, A. L.; Miller, S. D.; Richardson, K. A.; Westphal, D. L.; Liu, M.

2005-12-01

164

Impediments to database interoperation: legal issues and security concerns The significant growth of this annual over the past decade is testament to the importance of databases to scientific research in  

E-print Network

to scientific research in general and biomedical sciences in particular. In fact, the centrality of databases) on the scientific research front. Bioinformatics research exemplifies the need to be able to integrate heterogeneous

Gerstein, Mark

165

Massive Scale Cyber Traffic Analysis: A Driver for Graph Database Research  

SciTech Connect

We describe the significance and prominence of network traffic analysis (TA) as a graph- and network-theoretical domain for advancing research in graph database systems. TA involves observing and analyzing the connections between clients, servers, hosts, and actors within IP networks, both at particular times and as extended over times. Towards that end, NetFlow (or more generically, IPFLOW) data are available from routers and servers which summarize coherent groups of IP packets flowing through the network. IPFLOW databases are routinely interrogated statistically and visualized for suspicious patterns. But the ability to cast IPFLOW data as a massive graph and query it interactively, in order to e.g.\\ identify connectivity patterns, is less well advanced, due to a number of factors including scaling, and their hybrid nature combining graph connectivity and quantitative attributes. In this paper, we outline requirements and opportunities for graph-structured IPFLOW analytics based on our experience with real IPFLOW databases. Specifically, we describe real use cases from the security domain, cast them as graph patterns, show how to express them in two graph-oriented query languages SPARQL and Datalog, and use these examples to motivate a new class of "hybrid" graph-relational systems.

Joslyn, Cliff A.; Choudhury, S.; Haglin, David J.; Howe, Bill; Nickless, William K.; Olsen, Bryan K.

2013-06-19

166

FmMDb: a versatile database of foxtail millet markers for millets and bioenergy grasses research.  

PubMed

The prominent attributes of foxtail millet (Setaria italica L.) including its small genome size, short life cycle, inbreeding nature, and phylogenetic proximity to various biofuel crops have made this crop an excellent model system to investigate various aspects of architectural, evolutionary and physiological significances in Panicoid bioenergy grasses. After release of its whole genome sequence, large-scale genomic resources in terms of molecular markers were generated for the improvement of both foxtail millet and its related species. Hence it is now essential to congregate, curate and make available these genomic resources for the benefit of researchers and breeders working towards crop improvement. In view of this, we have constructed the Foxtail millet Marker Database (FmMDb; http://www.nipgr.res.in/foxtail.html), a comprehensive online database for information retrieval, visualization and management of large-scale marker datasets with unrestricted public access. FmMDb is the first database which provides complete marker information to the plant science community attempting to produce elite cultivars of millet and bioenergy grass species, thus addressing global food insecurity. PMID:23951158

B, Venkata Suresh; Muthamilarasan, Mehanathan; Misra, Gopal; Prasad, Manoj

2013-01-01

167

FmMDb: A Versatile Database of Foxtail Millet Markers for Millets and Bioenergy Grasses Research  

PubMed Central

The prominent attributes of foxtail millet (Setaria italica L.) including its small genome size, short life cycle, inbreeding nature, and phylogenetic proximity to various biofuel crops have made this crop an excellent model system to investigate various aspects of architectural, evolutionary and physiological significances in Panicoid bioenergy grasses. After release of its whole genome sequence, large-scale genomic resources in terms of molecular markers were generated for the improvement of both foxtail millet and its related species. Hence it is now essential to congregate, curate and make available these genomic resources for the benefit of researchers and breeders working towards crop improvement. In view of this, we have constructed the Foxtail millet Marker Database (FmMDb; http://www.nipgr.res.in/foxtail.html), a comprehensive online database for information retrieval, visualization and management of large-scale marker datasets with unrestricted public access. FmMDb is the first database which provides complete marker information to the plant science community attempting to produce elite cultivars of millet and bioenergy grass species, thus addressing global food insecurity. PMID:23951158

Misra, Gopal; Prasad, Manoj

2013-01-01

168

Plasma Proteome Database as a resource for proteomics research: 2014 update.  

PubMed

Plasma Proteome Database (PPD; http://www.plasmaproteomedatabase.org/) was initially described in the year 2005 as a part of Human Proteome Organization's (HUPO's) pilot initiative on Human Plasma Proteome Project. Since then, improvements in proteomic technologies and increased throughput have led to identification of a large number of novel plasma proteins. To keep up with this increase in data, we have significantly enriched the proteomic information in PPD. This database currently contains information on 10,546 proteins detected in serum/plasma of which 3784 have been reported in two or more studies. The latest version of the database also incorporates mass spectrometry-derived data including experimentally verified proteotypic peptides used for multiple reaction monitoring assays. Other novel features include published plasma/serum concentrations for 1278 proteins along with a separate category of plasma-derived extracellular vesicle proteins. As plasma proteins have become a major thrust in the field of biomarkers, we have enabled a batch-based query designated Plasma Proteome Explorer, which will permit the users in screening a list of proteins or peptides against known plasma proteins to assess novelty of their data set. We believe that PPD will facilitate both clinical and basic research by serving as a comprehensive reference of plasma proteins in humans and accelerate biomarker discovery and translation efforts. PMID:24304897

Nanjappa, Vishalakshi; Thomas, Joji Kurian; Marimuthu, Arivusudar; Muthusamy, Babylakshmi; Radhakrishnan, Aneesha; Sharma, Rakesh; Ahmad Khan, Aafaque; Balakrishnan, Lavanya; Sahasrabuddhe, Nandini A; Kumar, Satwant; Jhaveri, Binit Nitinbhai; Sheth, Kaushal Vinaykumar; Kumar Khatana, Ramesh; Shaw, Patrick G; Srikanth, Srinivas Manda; Mathur, Premendu P; Shankar, Subramanian; Nagaraja, Dindagur; Christopher, Rita; Mathivanan, Suresh; Raju, Rajesh; Sirdeshmukh, Ravi; Chatterjee, Aditi; Simpson, Richard J; Harsha, H C; Pandey, Akhilesh; Prasad, T S Keshava

2014-01-01

169

Lung Image Database Consortium: Developing a Resource for the Medical Imaging Research Community  

Cancer.gov

Samuel G. Armato III, PhD, Geoffrey McLennan, MD, PhD, Michael F. McNitt-Gray, PhD, Charles R. Meyer, PhD, David Yankelevitz, MD, Denise R. Aberle, MD, Claudia I. Henschke, MD, PhD, Eric A. Hoffman, PhD, Ella A. Kazerooni, MD, MS, Heber MacMahon, MD, Anthony P. Reeves, PhD, Barbara Y. Croft, PhD, Laurence P. Clarke, PhD, For the Lung Image Database Consortium Research Group, Radiology 2004; 232: 739-748.

170

Fact Sheets on the European Union  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Presented by the European Parliament Directorate-General for Research, this site is a useful resource for courses on government or European studies. Fact sheets are divided into 6 categories: How the European Community works; Citizens Europe; The single market; Common policies; Economic and monetary union; and The Union's external relations. Each category contains several fact sheets on particular topics, and each fact sheet identifies the topic's legal basis, objectives, and achievements. Sample topics include: the institutions of economic and monetary union; common foreign and security policy; European Union institutions and bodies; and citizens of the Union and their rights. The site is available in both English and French.

1997-01-01

171

Assessing urology and nephrology research activity in Arab countries using ISI web of science bibliometric database  

PubMed Central

Background Bibliometric analysis is increasingly being used for research assessment. The main objective of this study was to assess research output in Urology and Nephrology subject from the Arab countries. Original scientific articles or reviews published from the 21 Arab countries in Urology and Nephrology subject were screened using the ISI Web of Science database. Research productivity was evaluated based on a methodology developed and used in other bibliometric studies by analyzing the annual productivity, names of journals, citations; top 10 active institution and authors as well as country contribution to Urology and Nephrology research. Results Three thousand and seventy six documents in urology and nephrology subject category were retrieved from 104 journals. This represents 1.4% of the global research output in urology and nephrology. Four hundred and two documents (12.66%) were published in Annales D Urologie Journal. The h-index of the retrieved documents was 57. The total number of citations, at the time of data analysis, was 30401 with an average citation of 9.57 per document. Egypt, with a total publication of 1284 (40.43%) ranked first among the Arab countries in urology and nephrology subject category. Mansoura University in Egypt was the most productive institution with a total of 561 (15.33%) documents. Arab researchers collaborated most with researchers from the United States of America (226; 7.12%) in urology and nephrology research. Conclusion The present data reveals a good contribution of some Arab countries to the field of urology and nephrology. More efforts are needed by some other Arab countries to bridge the gap in urology and nephrology research. Overall, the quality of urology/nephrology research is considered relatively high as measured by h-index. Cooperation in urology/nephrology research should be encouraged in the Arab world to bridge the gap with that from developed countries. PMID:24758477

2014-01-01

172

Overview of ESSL's severe convective storms research using the European Severe Weather Database ESWD  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Severe thunderstorms constitute a major weather hazard in Europe, with an estimated total damage of 5-8 billion euros each year nowadays. Even though there is an upward trend in damage due to increases in vulnerability and possibly also due to climate change impacts, a pan-European database of severe thunderstorm reports in a homogeneous data format did not exist until a few years ago. The development of this European Severe Weather Database (ESWD) provided the final impetus for the establishment of the European Severe Storms Laboratory (ESSL) as a non-profit research organisation in 2006, after having started as an informal network in 2002. Our paper provides an overview of the first research results that have been achieved by ESSL. We start by outlining the reporting practice and quality-control procedure for the database, which has been enhanced by a major software upgrade in the fall of 2008. It becomes apparent that the state of reporting converges to a realistic description of the severe storms climatology, corroborating, for instance, earlier estimates of tornado occurrence in Europe. Nevertheless, a further rise in the number of reported events must be expected, even without the presence of any physical trends. The European tornado and damaging wind intensity distributions as a function of the Fujita scale are quantitatively similar to long-term distributions from the USA, except for a strong underreporting of weak events (F0) that still persists in Europe. In addition, the ESSL has recently proposed a new wind speed scale, the Energy- or " E-scale" which is linked to physical quantities and can be calibrated. Finally, we demonstrate the large potential of ESWD data use for forecast or nowcasting/warning verification purposes.

Dotzek, Nikolai; Groenemeijer, Pieter; Feuerstein, Bernold; Holzer, Alois M.

173

Food-pics: an image database for experimental research on eating and appetite.  

PubMed

Our current environment is characterized by the omnipresence of food cues. The sight and smell of real foods, but also graphically depictions of appetizing foods, can guide our eating behavior, for example, by eliciting food craving and influencing food choice. The relevance of visual food cues on human information processing has been demonstrated by a growing body of studies employing food images across the disciplines of psychology, medicine, and neuroscience. However, currently used food image sets vary considerably across laboratories and image characteristics (contrast, brightness, etc.) and food composition (calories, macronutrients, etc.) are often unspecified. These factors might have contributed to some of the inconsistencies of this research. To remedy this, we developed food-pics, a picture database comprising 568 food images and 315 non-food images along with detailed meta-data. A total of N = 1988 individuals with large variance in age and weight from German speaking countries and North America provided normative ratings of valence, arousal, palatability, desire to eat, recognizability and visual complexity. Furthermore, data on macronutrients (g), energy density (kcal), and physical image characteristics (color composition, contrast, brightness, size, complexity) are provided. The food-pics image database is freely available under the creative commons license with the hope that the set will facilitate standardization and comparability across studies and advance experimental research on the determinants of eating behavior. PMID:25009514

Blechert, Jens; Meule, Adrian; Busch, Niko A; Ohla, Kathrin

2014-01-01

174

Exploring the Returns to Continuing Vocational Training in Enterprises. A Review of Research within and Outside of the European Union. CEDEFOP Pahnorama.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The returns on continuing vocational training (CVT) in enterprises were examined through a review of research on the returns on employer-provided training. A search of "Econ Lit," ERIC, and other databases identified more than 90 publications on the topic. Twenty-one publications examining the relationship between training inputs and training

Barrett, Alan; Hovels, Ben; den Boer, Paul; Kraayvanger, Geert

175

Turning Text into Research Networks: Information Retrieval and Computational Ontologies in the Creation of Scientific Databases  

PubMed Central

Background Web-based, free-text documents on science and technology have been increasing growing on the web. However, most of these documents are not immediately processable by computers slowing down the acquisition of useful information. Computational ontologies might represent a possible solution by enabling semantically machine readable data sets. But, the process of ontology creation, instantiation and maintenance is still based on manual methodologies and thus time and cost intensive. Method We focused on a large corpus containing information on researchers, research fields, and institutions. We based our strategy on traditional entity recognition, social computing and correlation. We devised a semi automatic approach for the recognition, correlation and extraction of named entities and relations from textual documents which are then used to create, instantiate, and maintain an ontology. Results We present a prototype demonstrating the applicability of the proposed strategy, along with a case study describing how direct and indirect relations can be extracted from academic and professional activities registered in a database of curriculum vitae in free-text format. We present evidence that this system can identify entities to assist in the process of knowledge extraction and representation to support ontology maintenance. We also demonstrate the extraction of relationships among ontology classes and their instances. Conclusion We have demonstrated that our system can be used for the conversion of research information in free text format into database with a semantic structure. Future studies should test this system using the growing number of free-text information available at the institutional and national levels. PMID:22235242

Ceci, Flvio; Pietrobon, Ricardo; Gonalves, Alexandre Leopoldo

2012-01-01

176

NASA's Astromaterials Database: Enabling Research Through Increased Access to Sample Data, Metadata and Imagery  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Astromaterials Acquisition & Curation Office at NASA's Johnson Space Center (JSC) is the designated facility for curating all of NASA's extraterrestrial samples. Today, the suite of collections includes the lunar samples from the Apollo missions, cosmic dust particles falling into the Earth's atmosphere, meteorites collected in Antarctica, comet and interstellar dust particles from the Stardust mission, asteroid particles from Japan's Hayabusa mission, solar wind atoms collected during the Genesis mission, and space-exposed hardware from several missions. To support planetary science research on these samples, JSC's Astromaterials Curation Office hosts NASA's Astromaterials Curation digital repository and data access portal [http://curator.jsc.nasa.gov/], providing descriptions of the missions and collections, and critical information about each individual sample. Our office is designing and implementing several informatics initiatives to better serve the planetary research community. First, we are re-hosting the basic database framework by consolidating legacy databases for individual collections and providing a uniform access point for information (descriptions, imagery, classification) on all of our samples. Second, we continue to upgrade and host digital compendia that summarize and highlight published findings on the samples (e.g., lunar samples, meteorites from Mars). We host high resolution imagery of samples as it becomes available, including newly scanned images of historical prints from the Apollo missions. Finally we are creating plans to collect and provide new data, including 3D imagery, point cloud data, micro CT data, and external links to other data sets on selected samples. Together, these individual efforts will provide unprecedented digital access to NASA's Astromaterials, enabling preservation of the samples through more specific and targeted requests, and supporting new planetary science research and collaborations on the samples.

Evans, Cindy; Todd, Nancy

2014-01-01

177

U.S. Department of Energy Human Subjects Research Database (HSRD) A model for internal oversight and external transparency  

SciTech Connect

This poster introduces the Department of Energy (DOE) Human Subjects Research Database (HSRD), which contains information on all Department of Energy research projects involving human subjects that: are funded by DOE; are conducted in DOE facilities; are performed by DOE personnel; include current or former DOE or contract personnel.

Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE)

2012-12-12

178

CottonGen: a genomics, genetics and breeding database for cotton research  

PubMed Central

CottonGen (http://www.cottongen.org) is a curated and integrated web-based relational database providing access to publicly available genomic, genetic and breeding data for cotton. CottonGen supercedes CottonDB and the Cotton Marker Database, with enhanced tools for easier data sharing, mining, visualization and data retrieval of cotton research data. CottonGen contains annotated whole genome sequences, unigenes from expressed sequence tags (ESTs), markers, trait loci, genetic maps, genes, taxonomy, germplasm, publications and communication resources for the cotton community. Annotated whole genome sequences of Gossypium raimondii are available with aligned genetic markers and transcripts. These whole genome data can be accessed through genome pages, search tools and GBrowse, a popular genome browser. Most of the published cotton genetic maps can be viewed and compared using CMap, a comparative map viewer, and are searchable via map search tools. Search tools also exist for markers, quantitative trait loci (QTLs), germplasm, publications and trait evaluation data. CottonGen also provides online analysis tools such as NCBI BLAST and Batch BLAST. PMID:24203703

Yu, Jing; Jung, Sook; Cheng, Chun-Huai; Ficklin, Stephen P.; Lee, Taein; Zheng, Ping; Jones, Don; Percy, Richard G.; Main, Dorrie

2014-01-01

179

Phenotypic Information in Genomic Variant Databases Enhances Clinical Care and Research: The ISCA Consortium Experience  

PubMed Central

Whole genome analysis, now including whole genome sequencing, is moving rapidly into the clinical setting, leading to detection of human variation on a broader scale than ever before. Interpreting this information will depend on the availability of thorough and accurate phenotype information, and the ability to curate, store, and access data on genotype-phenotype relationships. This idea has already been demonstrated within the context of chromosome microarray (CMA) testing. The International Standards for Cytogenomic Arrays (ISCA) Consortium promotes standardization of variant interpretation for this technology through its initiatives, including the formation of a publicly available database housing clinical CMA data. Recognizing that phenotypic data is essential for the interpretation of genomic variants, the ISCA Consortium has developed tools to facilitate the collection of this data and its deposition in a standardized, structured format within the ISCA Consortium database. This rich source of phenotypic data can also be used within broader applications, such as developing phenotypic profiles of emerging genomic disorders, the identification of candidate regions for particular phenotypes, or the creation of tools for use in clinical practice. We summarize the ISCA experience as a model for ongoing efforts incorporating phenotype data with genotype data to improve the quality of research and clinical care in human genetics. PMID:22331816

Riggs, Erin Rooney; Jackson, Laird; Miller, David T.; Van Vooren, Steven

2012-01-01

180

Image Databases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Different kinds of pictorial databases are described with respect to aims, user groups, search possibilities, storage, and distribution. Some specific examples are given for databases used for the following purposes: (1) labor markets for artists; (2) document management; (3) telling a story; (4) preservation (archives and museums); (5) research;

Pettersson, Rune

181

Identifying clinical/translational research cohorts: ascertainment via querying an integrated multi-source database  

PubMed Central

Background Ascertainment of potential subjects has been a longstanding problem in clinical research. Various methods have been proposed, including using data in electronic health records. However, these methods typically suffer from scaling effectssome methods work well for large cohorts; others work for small cohorts only. Objective We propose a method that provides a simple identification of pre-research cohorts and relies on data available in most states in the USA: merged public health data sources. Materials and methods The Utah Population Database Limited query tool allows users to build complex queries that may span several types of health records, such as cancer registries, inpatient hospital discharges, and death certificates; in addition, these can be combined with family history information. The architectural approach incorporates several coding systems for medical information. It provides a front-end graphical user interface and enables researchers to build and run queries and view aggregate results. Multiple strategies have been incorporated to maintain confidentiality. Results This tool was rapidly adopted; since its release, 241 users representing a wide range of disciplines from 17 institutions have signed the user agreement and used the query tool. Three examples are discussed: pregnancy complications co-occurring with cardiovascular disease; spondyloarthritis; and breast cancer. Discussion and conclusions This query tool was designed to provide results as pre-research so that institutional review board approval would not be required. This architecture uses well-described technologies that should be within the reach of most institutions. PMID:23059733

Hurdle, John F; Haroldsen, Stephen C; Hammer, Andrew; Spigle, Cindy; Fraser, Alison M; Mineau, Geraldine P; Courdy, Samir J

2013-01-01

182

African Union  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As visitors enter this site, they will be presented with a collage of African nations coming together to form the entire continent, accompanied by the words âAfrica must unite.â It is a visually stimulating image, and one that sets the tone quite nicely for the content within. The site is the homepage of the African Union (AU), which was created in 1999 as part of a declaration from the Organisation of African Unity (OAU). While their mission is complex to say the least, their primary goal is to promote the ââ¦accelerated socio-economic integration of the continent, which will lead to greater unity and solidarity between African countries and peoples.â The site presents a cornucopia of material on their work, contained within sections titled âMember Statesâ, âConferences & Eventsâ, and âDocumentsâ. One of the best places to start is the âNews and Eventsâ area, which contains a sampling of information on their recent work on gender equity, sustainable development, higher education systems, and so on. As might be expected, visitors can also browse through many of these materials in Arabic, French, and Portuguese.

183

Propellant Mass Gauging: Database of Vehicle Applications and Research and Development Studies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Gauging the mass of propellants in a tank in low gravity is not a straightforward task because of the uncertainty of the liquid configuration in the tank and the possibility of there being more than one ullage bubble. Several concepts for such a low-gravity gauging system have been proposed, and breadboard or flight-like versions have been tested in normal gravity or even in low gravity, but at present, a flight-proven reliable gauging system is not available. NASA desired a database of the gauging techniques used in current and past vehicles during ascent or under settled conditions, and during short coasting (unpowered) periods, for both cryogenic and storable propellants. Past and current research and development efforts on gauging systems that are believed to be applicable in low-gravity conditions were also desired. This report documents the results of that survey.

Dodge, Franklin T.

2008-01-01

184

Unraveling the web of viroinformatics: computational tools and databases in viral research.  

PubMed

The beginning of the second century of research in the field of virology (the first virus was discovered in 1898) was marked with its amalgamation with bioinformatics resulting in the birth of a new domain - viroinformatics. The availability of more than 100 web servers and databases embracing all or specific viruses (for example dengue, influenza, hepatitis, HIV, HFV, HPV, West Nile etc.) as well as distinct applications (comparative/diversity analysis, viral recombination, siRNA/shRNA/miRNA studies, RNA folding, protein-protein interaction, structural analysis, phylotyping/genotyping) will definitely aid the development of effective drugs and vaccines. However, the information about their access and utility is not available at any single source/platform. Therefore, a compendium of various computational tools/resources dedicated specifically to virology is presented in this article. PMID:25428870

Sharma, Deepak; Priyadarshini, Pragya; Vrati, Sudhanshu

2014-11-26

185

Creating a data exchange strategy for radiotherapy research: towards federated databases and anonymised public datasets.  

PubMed

Disconnected cancer research data management and lack of information exchange about planned and ongoing research are complicating the utilisation of internationally collected medical information for improving cancer patient care. Rapidly collecting/pooling data can accelerate translational research in radiation therapy and oncology. The exchange of study data is one of the fundamental principles behind data aggregation and data mining. The possibilities of reproducing the original study results, performing further analyses on existing research data to generate new hypotheses or developing computational models to support medical decisions (e.g. risk/benefit analysis of treatment options) represent just a fraction of the potential benefits of medical data-pooling. Distributed machine learning and knowledge exchange from federated databases can be considered as one beyond other attractive approaches for knowledge generation within "Big Data". Data interoperability between research institutions should be the major concern behind a wider collaboration. Information captured in electronic patient records (EPRs) and study case report forms (eCRFs), linked together with medical imaging and treatment planning data, are deemed to be fundamental elements for large multi-centre studies in the field of radiation therapy and oncology. To fully utilise the captured medical information, the study data have to be more than just an electronic version of a traditional (un-modifiable) paper CRF. Challenges that have to be addressed are data interoperability, utilisation of standards, data quality and privacy concerns, data ownership, rights to publish, data pooling architecture and storage. This paper discusses a framework for conceptual packages of ideas focused on a strategic development for international research data exchange in the field of radiation therapy and oncology. PMID:25458128

Skripcak, Tomas; Belka, Claus; Bosch, Walter; Brink, Carsten; Brunner, Thomas; Budach, Volker; Bttner, Daniel; Debus, Jrgen; Dekker, Andre; Grau, Cai; Gulliford, Sarah; Hurkmans, Coen; Just, Uwe; Krause, Mechthild; Lambin, Philippe; Langendijk, Johannes A; Lewensohn, Rolf; Lhr, Armin; Maingon, Philippe; Masucci, Michele; Niyazi, Maximilian; Poortmans, Philip; Simon, Monique; Schmidberger, Heinz; Spezi, Emiliano; Stuschke, Martin; Valentini, Vincenzo; Verheij, Marcel; Whitfield, Gillian; Zackrisson, Bjrn; Zips, Daniel; Baumann, Michael

2014-12-01

186

Database Research at The University of Oklahoma Le Gruenwald, Leonard Brown, Ravi Dirckze, Sylvain Guinepain  

E-print Network

://www.cs.ou.edu/~database. 2. REAL-TIME DATABASES In a Real-Time DataBase Management System (RTDBMS), transactions must, we have developed techniques to handle three recovery activities: logging, checkpointing no logging activities to performing either immediate or deferred update depending on the transaction types

Gruenwald, Le

187

Oncoshare: Lessons Learned from Building an Integrated Multi-institutional Database for Comparative Effectiveness Research  

PubMed Central

Comparative effectiveness research (CER) using observational data requires informatics methods for the extraction, standardization, sharing, and integration of data derived from a variety of electronic sources. In the Oncoshare project, we have developed such methods as part of a collaborative multi-institutional CER study of patterns, predictors, and outcome of breast cancer care. In this paper, we present an evaluation of the approaches we undertook and the lessons we learned in building and validating the Oncoshare data resource. Specifically, we determined that 1) the state or regional cancer registry makes the most efficient starting point for determining inclusion of subjects; 2) the data dictionary should be based on existing registry standards, such as Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER), when applicable; 3) the Social Security Administration Death Master File (SSA DMF), rather than clinical resources, provides standardized ascertainment of mortality outcomes; and 4) CER database development efforts, despite the immediate availability of electronic data, may take as long as two years to produce validated, reliable data for research. Through our efforts using these methods, Oncoshare integrates complex, longitudinal data from multiple electronic medical records and registries and provides a rich, validated resource for research on oncology care. PMID:23304372

Weber, Susan C; Seto, Tina; Olson, Cliff; Kenkare, Pragati; Kurian, Allison W.; Das, Amar K.

2012-01-01

188

Database management research for the Human Genome Project. Final progress report for period: 02/01/99 - 06/14/00  

SciTech Connect

The MouseBLAST server allows researchers to search a sequence within mouse/rodent sequence databases to find matching sequences that may be associated with mouse genes. Query results may be linked to gene detail records in the Mouse Genome Database (MGD). Searches are performed using WU-BLAST 2.0. All sequence databases are updated on a weekly basis.

Bult, Carol J.

1999-11-01

189

Hollow-Bone-Graft Dynamic Hip Screw Can Fix and Promote Bone Union after Femoral Neck Fracture: an Experimental Research  

PubMed Central

Background: Delayed bone union, nonunion or osteonecrosis often occur after femoral neck fractures in young adults. Secondary bone healing requires strong internal fixation, intramedullary pressure reduction and early functional exercise. Objective: To compare bone healing of femoral neck fractures treated with hollow-bone-graft dynamic hip screws (Hb-DHS) and standard dynamic hip screws (DHS) in an animal model. Design: Testing of specifically designed fixation devices in a pig animal model. Interventions/Methods: We designed Hb-DHS and DHS devices appropriate to the femoral neck and head of experimental animals and used them in eight pigs (4-month-old, male or female, 30-40 kg/each). Under anesthesia, we induced medium neck type, Garden III type femoral neck fractures in each pig with fracture gaps of 0.5 mm and then fixed each left femur with Hb-DHS and each right femur with DHS. We assessed the animals radiographically and by postmortem visual appraisal of evidence of bone healing 8 and 16 weeks postoperatively. Results: There were significant differences in radiographic and general findings between the Hb-DHS and DHS groups at weeks 8 and 16 postoperatively. We found statistically significant differences between the Hb-DHS and DHS groups in bone healing scores, trabecular bone volume percentage and bone mineral density as assessed on plain radiographs and computed tomography images (P < 0.05). There were also significant differences between the Hb-DHS and DHS groups in postmortem visually assessed indicators of bone healing at both 8 and 16 weeks postoperatively. Conclusions: The Hb-DHS device promotes femoral neck bone union, stimulates trabecular bone formation, increases BMD and has advantages over DHS for internal fixation of femoral neck fractures. This animal experiment will contribute to developing optimal treatment for femoral neck fractures in young adults. PMID:23236261

SHEN, Jia-zuo; YAO, Jian-fei; LIN, Da-sheng; LIAN, Ke-jian; DING, Zhen-qi; LIN, Bin; GUO, Zhi-min; ZHANG, Ming-hua; LI, Qiang; LI, Lin; QI, Peng

2012-01-01

190

Copernicus benefits the Norwegian Satellite Earth Observation Database for Marine and Polar Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Norwegian Satellite Earth Observation Database for Marine and Polar Research (NORMAP) is developed for creating and maintaining a repository of Earth Observation data over the high latitude and Arctic regions to facilitate, stimulate and strengthen high quality and original multidisciplinary Earth System research, application, exploitation and education in marine, polar and climate sciences. As such it is complementing and supporting the Norwegian strategy for advancing these science disciplines in the high latitude and Arctic regions. In the international arena, NORMAP benefits and complements the EU GMES MyOcean project, and other previous GMES downstream services such as AQUAMAR, MONARCH-A, SIDARUS, etc. With the launch of the first Sentinel-1 mission NORMAP will be reinforced by the new data flow from the Copernicus Space Component. NORMAP is also acquiring data from a multitude of other satellites through the unified Copernicus system and will become one of the national thematic information services designed to benefit the environmental monitoring and support effective policy-making.

Korosov, Anton; Johannessen, Johnny

2014-05-01

191

Research and application of ORACLE performance optimizing technologies for building airplane environment resource database  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many problems exist in processing experimental aircraft vibration (temperature, humidity) data and generating the intermediate calculations during the construction of airplane environment resource database, such as the need to deal with both structural and non-structural data, weak capacity of the client browser for data processing and massive network data transferring etc. To solve the above problems, some strategies on tuning and optimization performance of database are employed base on Oracle11g, which include data storage structure tuning, the memory configuration of the server, the disk I/O tuning and SQL statement tuning. The experimental results show that the performance of airplane environment resource database is enhanced about 80% compared with the database developed in the initial demonstration and validation phase. The application of new optimization strategies to the database construction can lay a sound foundation for finishing building airplane environment resource database.

Zhang, Jianjun; Sun, Jianyong; Cheng, Conggao

2013-03-01

192

Database Research Opportunities in Computer Games Walker White, Christoph Koch, Nitin Gupta, Johannes Gehrke, and Alan Demers  

E-print Network

. The Entertainment Software Association estimates that computer and video game software sales in 2006 were $7 of machine learning and artificial intelligence, much of the technology used in games was de- velopedDatabase Research Opportunities in Computer Games Walker White, Christoph Koch, Nitin Gupta

Gehrke, Johannes

193

Research Issues for Data Communication in Mobile Ad-Hoc Network Database Systems Leslie D. Fife, Le Gruenwald*  

E-print Network

, servers have unlimited power and communicate with mobile hosts over a wireless connection. Mobile clients of data push and data pull, but it also allows the clients to communicate directly with each other withoutResearch Issues for Data Communication in Mobile Ad-Hoc Network Database Systems Leslie D. Fife, Le

Gruenwald, Le

194

Adolescent Violent Victimization and Precocious Union Formation*  

PubMed Central

This article bridges scholarship in criminology and family sociology by extending arguments about precocious exits from adolescence to consider early union formation as a salient outcome of violent victimization for youths. Research indicates that early union formation is associated with several negative outcomes; yet the absence of attention to union formation as a consequence of violent victimization is noteworthy. We address this gap by drawing on life course theory and data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) to examine the effect of violent victimization (street violence) on the timing of first co-residential union formationdifferentiating between marriage and cohabitationin young adulthood. Estimates from Cox proportional hazard models show that adolescent victims of street violence experience higher rates of first union formation, especially marriage, early in the transition to adulthood; however, this effect declines with age, as such unions become more normative. Importantly, the effect of violent victimization on first union timing is robust to controls for nonviolent delinquency, substance abuse, and violent perpetration. We conclude by discussing directions for future research on the association between violent victimization and coresidential unions with an eye toward the implications of such early union formation for desistance. PMID:24431471

C. Kuhl, Danielle; Warner, David F.; Wilczak, Andrew

2013-01-01

195

The research of network database security technology based on web service  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Database technology is one of the most widely applied computer technologies, its security is becoming more and more important. This paper introduced the database security, network database security level, studies the security technology of the network database, analyzes emphatically sub-key encryption algorithm, applies this algorithm into the campus-one-card system successfully. The realization process of the encryption algorithm is discussed, this method is widely used as reference in many fields, particularly in management information system security and e-commerce.

Meng, Fanxing; Wen, Xiumei; Gao, Liting; Pang, Hui; Wang, Qinglin

2013-03-01

196

The Digital Astronaut: An integrated modeling and database system for space biomedical research and operations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Digital Astronaut is an integrated, modular modeling and database system that will support space biomedical research and operations in a variety of fundamental ways. This system will enable the identification and meaningful interpretation of the medical and physiological research required for human space exploration, a determination of the effectiveness of specific individual human countermeasures in reducing risk and meeting health and performance goals on challenging exploration missions and an evaluation of the appropriateness of various medical interventions during mission emergencies, accidents and illnesses. Such a computer-based, decision support system will enable the construction, validation and utilization of important predictive simulations of the responses of the whole human body to the types of stresses experienced during space flight and low-gravity environments. These simulations will be essential for direct, real-time analysis and maintenance of astronaut health and performance capabilities. The Digital Astronaut will collect and integrate past and current human data across many physiological disciplines and simulations into an operationally useful form that will not only summarize knowledge in a convenient and novel way but also reveal gaps that must be filled via new research in order to effectively ameliorate biomedical risks. Initial phases of system development will focus on simulating ground-based analog systems that are just beginning to collect multidisciplinary data in a standardized way (e.g., the International Multidisciplinary Artificial Gravity Project). During later phases, the focus will shift to development and planning for missions and to exploration mission operations. Then, the Digital Astronaut system will enable evaluation of the effectiveness of multiple, simultaneously applied countermeasures (a task made difficult by the many-system physiological effects of individual countermeasures) and allow for the prescription of individualized astronaut countermeasures. Additionally, during exploration missions, this system will support autonomous and telemedicine-assisted health and performance assessment and medical care.

White, Ronald J.; McPhee, Jancy C.

2007-02-01

197

International Union of Pure and Applied Physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP) was established in 1922. The aims of the Union are to stimulate and promote international cooperation in physics; to promote international agreements on other use of symbols, units, nomenclature and standards; to foster free circulation of scientists; and to encourage research and education.

2009-05-22

198

International Union of Pure and Applied Physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP) was established in 1922. The aims of the Union are to stimulate and promote international cooperation in physics; to promote international agreements on other use of symbols, units, nomenclature and standards; to foster free circulation of scientists; and to encourage research and education.

2003-10-10

199

Patterns of Undergraduates' Use of Scholarly Databases in a Large Research University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Authentication data was utilized to explore undergraduate usage of subscription electronic databases. These usage patterns were linked to the information literacy curriculum of the library. The data showed that out of the 26,208 enrolled undergraduate students, 42% of them accessed a scholarly database at least once in the course of the entire

Mbabu, Loyd Gitari; Bertram, Albert; Varnum, Ken

2013-01-01

200

COLLECTIVE AGREEMENT Canadian Union of  

E-print Network

UNIT 3 COLLECTIVE AGREEMENT between and Canadian Union of Public Employees Local 3903 2008 are receiving financial assistance from or through the University and in connection with such assistance University who receive financial assistance from or through York University for research or academic

201

International Union Against Cancer (UICC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

International Union Against Cancer is devoted exclusively to all aspects of the worldwide fight against cancer. Its objectives are to advance scientific and medical knowledge in research, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of cancer and to promote all other aspects of the campaign against cancer throughout the world. Particular emphasis is placed on professional and public education.

1997-01-01

202

The Risk of Fracture in Patients With Multiple Sclerosis: The UK General Practice Research Database  

PubMed Central

Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) may be at an increased risk of fracture owing to a greater risk of falling and decreased bone mineral density when compared with the general population. This study was designed to estimate the relative and absolute risk of fracture in patients with MS. We conducted a population-based cohort study using data from the UK General Practice Research Database linked to the National Hospital Registry (19972008). Incident MS patients (n = 5565) were matched 1:6 by year of birth, sex, and practice with patients without MS (controls). Cox proportional-hazards models were used to derive adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) for fracture associated with MS. Time-dependent adjustments were made for age, comorbidity, and drug use. Absolute 5- and 10-year risks of fracture were estimated for MS patients as a function of age. Compared with controls, MS patients had an almost threefold increased risk of hip fracture [HR = 2.79, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.834.26] and a risk of osteoporotic fracture that was increased 1.4-fold (HR = 1.35, 95% CI 1.131.62). Risk was greater in patients who had been prescribed oral/intravenous glucocorticoids (GCs; HR = 1.85, 95% CI 1.142.98) or antidepressants (HR = 1.79, 95% CI 1.372.35) in the previous 6 months. Absolute fracture risks were low in younger MS patients but became substantial when patients were older than 60 years of age. It is concluded that MS is associated with an increased risk of fracture. Fracture risk assessment may be indicated in patients with MS, especially those prescribed GCs or antidepressants. 2011 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research PMID:21557309

Bazelier, Marloes T; van Staa, Tjeerd; Uitdehaag, Bernard MJ; Cooper, Cyrus; Leufkens, Hubert GM; Vestergaard, Peter; Bentzen, Joan; de Vries, Frank

2011-01-01

203

Ant Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Research entomologist Ted Schultz from the Smithsonian Institution maintains this impressive work in progress. This online database represents the Smithsonian's identified ant collection, including 4,580 valid named species or subspecies. The taxonomy is current with Bolton's 1995 catalog and includes reported holdings through June 1998. The database may be queried by Subfamily, Tribe, Genus, Subgenus, Species, Subspecies, Author, or Types, and typical returns give concise taxonomic information, total specimens (workers, females, and males), author, and year.

Schultz, Ted.

2000-01-01

204

Guide to European Legal Databases  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The New York University (NYU) Law School Reference Librarian For International and Foreign Law, Mirela Roznovschi, has prepared this excellent Guide to European Legal Databases. The Guide offers recommendations for search engines and search tips/strategies for researching foreign law topics. Visitors will find the annotated list of European Websites useful for finding constitutional, copyright, and environmental laws (many laws listed by country). Also referenced in the Guide are sites covering the laws of Austria, Belgium, Denmark, England, France, Germany, Italy, Norway, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the Council of Europe, and the European Union. A section entitled Indices, Guides, Journals, Dictionaries, Library Catalogs covers consolidated resource guides and notable collections, to facilitate further research efforts.

205

However, the European Union  

E-print Network

However, the European Union presidency Monday pointed to a new willingness by Japan to compromise talks with the European Union, which has been supporting France's bid. As a result, the Yomiuri said, China and Russia backed France. However, the European Union presidency Monday pointed to a new

206

Institutional Report: European Union  

E-print Network

Institutional Report: European Union Florence Bergeaud-Blackler CRIC, University of Manchester #12, Key Action 1, Contract no. QLK1-CT-2001-00291. Institutional Report: European Union Florence Bergeaud.trustinfood.org. This report presents data and analyses from studies at the European Union level. It belongs to a series

Boyer, Edmond

207

Union Membership (Annual)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Thirteen percent of all American waged and salaried workers, or 16.5 million workers, were members of unions in 1999, reports the BLS. Government workers are four times as likely to be union members, and those employed by local governments, such as fire fighters and police officers, the most unionized, have 42.9 percent rate of membership.

208

The EFMN is financed by the European Commission Directorate General for Research as part of a series of initiatives intended to provide a Foresight Knowledge Sharing Platform for foresight practitioners and policy makers in the European Union. More  

E-print Network

practitioners and policy makers in the European Union. More information on the EFMN and on the ForesightThe EFMN is financed by the European Commission Directorate General for Research as part Knowledge Sharing Platform is provided at WWW.EFMN.INFO WWW.EFMN.INFO The European Foresight Monitoring

209

The Research of Coal-mining Control Configuration Softwares Real-Time Database  

E-print Network

AbstractReal-time is the core of configuration software. It is the prerequisite for the normal operation of the coal-mining control configuration. The article describes the configuration software for mining real-time database systems design and implementation methods, provides the method for using the dynamic-link library to build real-time database system, and gives the way of the data model and interface. Using this method to establish real-time database system is full of openness and versatility.

An Weipeng; Li Miao

210

Learning, Labour and Union Learning Representatives: Promoting Workplace Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The initiative by the Trades Union Congress (TUC) and affiliated trade unions in the UK to appoint trade union learning representatives (ULRs), to promote learning among their members, is a significant development in adult learning. Understandably, the initiative has attracted the attention of academic researchers, but primarily from the

Ball, Malcolm

2011-01-01

211

The Impact of Teacher Unions on Student Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The overall impact of unions and collective bargaining agreements on student achievement has produced a literature with decidedly mixed results. Unions are seen to have both positive and negative influences on a teachers' ability to perform the teaching act. This study researches the impact of unions on state level student achievement, controlling

Fenster, Mark J.

2009-01-01

212

Global Unions: Challenging Transnational Capital Through Cross-Border Campaigns  

Microsoft Academic Search

To meet the challenges of globalization, unions must improve their understanding of the changing nature of corporate ownership structures and practices, and they must develop alliances and strategies appropriate to the new environment. Global Unions includes original research from scholars around the world on the range of innovative strategies that unions use to adapt to different circumstances, industries, countries, and

2007-01-01

213

ATGC: a database of orthologous genes from closely related prokaryotic genomes and a research platform for microevolution of prokaryotes  

SciTech Connect

The database of Alignable Tight Genomic Clusters (ATGCs) consists of closely related genomes of archaea and bacteria, and is a resource for research into prokaryotic microevolution. Construction of a data set with appropriate characteristics is a major hurdle for this type of studies. With the current rate of genome sequencing, it is difficult to follow the progress of the field and to determine which of the available genome sets meet the requirements of a given research project, in particular, with respect to the minimum and maximum levels of similarity between the included genomes. Additionally, extraction of specific content, such as genomic alignments or families of orthologs, from a selected set of genomes is a complicated and time-consuming process. The database addresses these problems by providing an intuitive and efficient web interface to browse precomputed ATGCs, select appropriate ones and access ATGC-derived data such as multiple alignments of orthologous proteins, matrices of pairwise intergenomic distances based on genome-wide analysis of synonymous and nonsynonymous substitution rates and others. The ATGC database will be regularly updated following new releases of the NCBI RefSeq. The database is hosted by the Genomics Division at Lawrence Berkeley National laboratory and is publicly available at http://atgc.lbl.gov.

Novichkov, Pavel S.; Ratnere, Igor; Wolf, Yuri I.; Koonin, Eugene V.; Dubchak, Inna

2009-07-23

214

When humans are the exception: cross-species databases at the interface of biological and clinical research.  

PubMed

Cross-species comparison has long been regarded as a stepping-stone for medical research, enabling the discovery and testing of prospective treatments before they undergo clinical trial on humans. Post-genomic medicine has made cross-species comparison crucial in another respect: the 'community databases' developed to collect and disseminate data on model organisms are now often used as a template for the dissemination of data on humans and as a tool for comparing results of medical significance across the human-animal boundary. This paper identifies and discusses four key problems encountered by database curators when integrating human and non-human data within the same database: (1) picking criteria for what counts as reliable evidence, (2) selecting metadata, (3) standardising and describing research materials and (4) choosing nomenclature to classify data. An analysis of these hurdles reveals epistemic disagreement and controversies underlying cross-species comparisons, which in turn highlight important differences in the experimental cultures of biologists and clinicians trying to make sense of these data. By considering database development through the eyes of curators, this study casts new light on the complex conjunctions of biological and clinical practice, model organisms and human subjects, and material and virtual sources of evidence--thus emphasizing the fragmented, localized and inherently translational nature of biomedicine. PMID:22848998

Leonelli, Sabina

2012-04-01

215

Workshop report: Identifying opportunities for global integration of toxicogenomics databases, 26-27 June 2013, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA.  

PubMed

A joint US-EU workshop on enhancing data sharing and exchange in toxicogenomics was held at the National Institute for Environmental Health Sciences. Currently, efficient reuse of data is hampered by problems related to public data availability, data quality, database interoperability (the ability to exchange information), standardization and sustainability. At the workshop, experts from universities and research institutes presented databases, studies, organizations and tools that attempt to deal with these problems. Furthermore, a case study showing that combining toxicogenomics data from multiple resources leads to more accurate predictions in risk assessment was presented. All participants agreed that there is a need for a web portal describing the diverse, heterogeneous data resources relevant for toxicogenomics research. Furthermore, there was agreement that linking more data resources would improve toxicogenomics data analysis. To outline a roadmap to enhance interoperability between data resources, the participants recommend collecting user stories from the toxicogenomics research community on barriers in data sharing and exchange currently hampering answering to certain research questions. These user stories may guide the prioritization of steps to be taken for enhancing integration of toxicogenomics databases. PMID:25326818

Hendrickx, Diana M; Boyles, Rebecca R; Kleinjans, Jos C S; Dearry, Allen

2014-12-01

216

The risk of fracture in patients with multiple sclerosis: the UK general practice research database.  

PubMed

Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) may be at an increased risk of fracture owing to a greater risk of falling and decreased bone mineral density when compared with the general population. This study was designed to estimate the relative and absolute risk of fracture in patients with MS. We conducted a population-based cohort study using data from the UK General Practice Research Database linked to the National Hospital Registry (1997-2008). Incident MS patients (n?=?5565) were matched 1:6 by year of birth, sex, and practice with patients without MS (controls). Cox proportional-hazards models were used to derive adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) for fracture associated with MS. Time-dependent adjustments were made for age, comorbidity, and drug use. Absolute 5- and 10-year risks of fracture were estimated for MS patients as a function of age. Compared with controls, MS patients had an almost threefold increased risk of hip fracture [HR?=?2.79, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.83-4.26] and a risk of osteoporotic fracture that was increased 1.4-fold (HR?=?1.35, 95% CI 1.13-1.62). Risk was greater in patients who had been prescribed oral/intravenous glucocorticoids (GCs; HR?=?1.85, 95% CI 1.14-2.98) or antidepressants (HR?=?1.79, 95% CI 1.37-2.35) in the previous 6 months. Absolute fracture risks were low in younger MS patients but became substantial when patients were older than 60 years of age. It is concluded that MS is associated with an increased risk of fracture. Fracture risk assessment may be indicated in patients with MS, especially those prescribed GCs or antidepressants. PMID:21557309

Bazelier, Marloes T; van Staa, Tjeerd; Uitdehaag, Bernard M J; Cooper, Cyrus; Leufkens, Hubert G M; Vestergaard, Peter; Bentzen, Joan; de Vries, Frank

2011-09-01

217

Comprehensive Research Synopsis and Systematic Meta-Analyses in Parkinson's Disease Genetics: The PDGene Database  

PubMed Central

More than 800 published genetic association studies have implicated dozens of potential risk loci in Parkinson's disease (PD). To facilitate the interpretation of these findings, we have created a dedicated online resource, PDGene, that comprehensively collects and meta-analyzes all published studies in the field. A systematic literature screen of ?27,000 articles yielded 828 eligible articles from which relevant data were extracted. In addition, individual-level data from three publicly available genome-wide association studies (GWAS) were obtained and subjected to genotype imputation and analysis. Overall, we performed meta-analyses on more than seven million polymorphisms originating either from GWAS datasets and/or from smaller scale PD association studies. Meta-analyses on 147 SNPs were supplemented by unpublished GWAS data from up to 16,452 PD cases and 48,810 controls. Eleven loci showed genome-wide significant (P<510?8) association with disease risk: BST1, CCDC62/HIP1R, DGKQ/GAK, GBA, LRRK2, MAPT, MCCC1/LAMP3, PARK16, SNCA, STK39, and SYT11/RAB25. In addition, we identified novel evidence for genome-wide significant association with a polymorphism in ITGA8 (rs7077361, OR 0.88, P?=?1.310?8). All meta-analysis results are freely available on a dedicated online database (www.pdgene.org), which is cross-linked with a customized track on the UCSC Genome Browser. Our study provides an exhaustive and up-to-date summary of the status of PD genetics research that can be readily scaled to include the results of future large-scale genetics projects, including next-generation sequencing studies. PMID:22438815

Lill, Christina M.; Roehr, Johannes T.; McQueen, Matthew B.; Kavvoura, Fotini K.; Bagade, Sachin; Schjeide, Brit-Maren M.; Schjeide, Leif M.; Meissner, Esther; Zauft, Ute; Allen, Nicole C.; Liu, Tian; Schilling, Marcel; Anderson, Kari J.; Beecham, Gary; Berg, Daniela; Biernacka, Joanna M.; Brice, Alexis; DeStefano, Anita L.; Do, Chuong B.; Eriksson, Nicholas; Factor, Stewart A.; Farrer, Matthew J.; Foroud, Tatiana; Gasser, Thomas; Hamza, Taye; Hardy, John A.; Heutink, Peter; Hill-Burns, Erin M.; Klein, Christine; Latourelle, Jeanne C.; Maraganore, Demetrius M.; Martin, Eden R.; Martinez, Maria; Myers, Richard H.; Nalls, Michael A.; Pankratz, Nathan; Payami, Haydeh; Satake, Wataru; Scott, William K.; Sharma, Manu; Singleton, Andrew B.; Stefansson, Kari; Toda, Tatsushi; Tung, Joyce Y.; Vance, Jeffery; Wood, Nick W.; Zabetian, Cyrus P.; Young, Peter; Tanzi, Rudolph E.; Khoury, Muin J.; Zipp, Frauke; Lehrach, Hans; Ioannidis, John P. A.; Bertram, Lars

2012-01-01

218

Comprehensive research synopsis and systematic meta-analyses in Parkinson's disease genetics: The PDGene database.  

PubMed

More than 800 published genetic association studies have implicated dozens of potential risk loci in Parkinson's disease (PD). To facilitate the interpretation of these findings, we have created a dedicated online resource, PDGene, that comprehensively collects and meta-analyzes all published studies in the field. A systematic literature screen of -27,000 articles yielded 828 eligible articles from which relevant data were extracted. In addition, individual-level data from three publicly available genome-wide association studies (GWAS) were obtained and subjected to genotype imputation and analysis. Overall, we performed meta-analyses on more than seven million polymorphisms originating either from GWAS datasets and/or from smaller scale PD association studies. Meta-analyses on 147 SNPs were supplemented by unpublished GWAS data from up to 16,452 PD cases and 48,810 controls. Eleven loci showed genome-wide significant (P < 5 10(-8)) association with disease risk: BST1, CCDC62/HIP1R, DGKQ/GAK, GBA, LRRK2, MAPT, MCCC1/LAMP3, PARK16, SNCA, STK39, and SYT11/RAB25. In addition, we identified novel evidence for genome-wide significant association with a polymorphism in ITGA8 (rs7077361, OR 0.88, P? =? 1.3 10(-8)). All meta-analysis results are freely available on a dedicated online database (www.pdgene.org), which is cross-linked with a customized track on the UCSC Genome Browser. Our study provides an exhaustive and up-to-date summary of the status of PD genetics research that can be readily scaled to include the results of future large-scale genetics projects, including next-generation sequencing studies. PMID:22438815

Lill, Christina M; Roehr, Johannes T; McQueen, Matthew B; Kavvoura, Fotini K; Bagade, Sachin; Schjeide, Brit-Maren M; Schjeide, Leif M; Meissner, Esther; Zauft, Ute; Allen, Nicole C; Liu, Tian; Schilling, Marcel; Anderson, Kari J; Beecham, Gary; Berg, Daniela; Biernacka, Joanna M; Brice, Alexis; DeStefano, Anita L; Do, Chuong B; Eriksson, Nicholas; Factor, Stewart A; Farrer, Matthew J; Foroud, Tatiana; Gasser, Thomas; Hamza, Taye; Hardy, John A; Heutink, Peter; Hill-Burns, Erin M; Klein, Christine; Latourelle, Jeanne C; Maraganore, Demetrius M; Martin, Eden R; Martinez, Maria; Myers, Richard H; Nalls, Michael A; Pankratz, Nathan; Payami, Haydeh; Satake, Wataru; Scott, William K; Sharma, Manu; Singleton, Andrew B; Stefansson, Kari; Toda, Tatsushi; Tung, Joyce Y; Vance, Jeffery; Wood, Nick W; Zabetian, Cyrus P; Young, Peter; Tanzi, Rudolph E; Khoury, Muin J; Zipp, Frauke; Lehrach, Hans; Ioannidis, John P A; Bertram, Lars

2012-01-01

219

Do Strong Unions Shape District Policies? Collective Bargaining, Teacher Contract Restrictiveness, and the Political Power of Teachers' Unions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A substantial amount of school district policy is set in the collective bargaining agreements (CBAs) negotiated between teachers' unions and districts. Although previous studies have assumed that CBA provisions bargained by unions are a primary mechanism connecting union strength to outcomes for teachers and students, research has not yet

Strunk, Katharine O.; Grissom, Jason A.

2010-01-01

220

Queuing for Union Jobs and the Social Return to Schooling. Institute for Research on Poverty Discussion Papers. Report 360-76.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An analysis of the argument that a market imperfection (wage differentials and queuing caused by unions) raises the marginal social product (MSP) of college education above the average before-tax private wage premium (APP) for college (this discrepancy is called a union-Q-nality) focuses on verifying five hypotheses: (1) Workers with identical

Bishop, John

221

New developments in the Inorganic Crystal Structure Database (ICSD): accessibility in support of materials research and design.  

PubMed

The materials community in both science and industry use crystallographic data models on a daily basis to visualize, explain and predict the behavior of chemicals and materials. Access to reliable information on the structure of crystalline materials helps researchers concentrate experimental work in directions that optimize the discovery process. The Inorganic Crystal Structure Database (ICSD) is a comprehensive collection of more than 60,000 crystal structure entries for inorganic materials and is produced cooperatively by Fachinformationszentrum Karlsruhe (FIZ), Germany, and the US National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). The ICSD is disseminated in computerized formats with scientific software tools to exploit the content of the database. Features of a new Windows-based graphical user interface for the ICSD are outlined, together with directions for future development in support of materials research and design. PMID:12037357

Belsky, Alec; Hellenbrandt, Mariette; Karen, Vicky Lynn; Luksch, Peter

2002-06-01

222

The American Ornithologists' Union  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Ornithologists' Union (AOU) was established in 1883, making it "the oldest and largest organization in the New World devoted to the scientific study of birds." Although primarily "a professional organization, its membership of about 4,000 includes many amateurs dedicated to the advancement of ornithological science." The AOU website contains information about membership, upcoming meetings, awards, a variety of publications, and more. The site also offers access to a comprehensive checklist for birds of North America; a preliminary classification of the bird species of South America; and online copies of the Ornithological Societies of North America's _Ornithological Newsletter_. Notably, the AOU site links to an online job board featuring a range of ornithological opportunities including tenure-track faculty positions, research assistantships, and internships.

223

A Hypervelocity Experimental Research Database (HERD): Support for the Wright Laboratory Armament Directorate Code Validation Program (COVAL)  

SciTech Connect

The Hypervelocity Experimental Research Database (HERD) described in this paper was developed to aid researchers with code validation for impacts that occur at velocities faster than the testable regime. Codes of concern include both hydrocodes and fast-running analytical or semi-empirical models used to predict the impact phenomenology and damage that results to projectiles and targets. There are several well documented experimental programs that can serve as benchmarks for code validation; these are identified and described. Recommendations for further experimentation (a canonical problem) to provide validation data are also discussed.

Mullin, S.A.; Anderson, C.E. Jr. [Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, TX (United States). Materials and Mechanics Dept.; Hertel, E.S. Jr. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Hunt, R.D. [Wright Lab. Armament Directorate, Eglin AFB, FL (United States). Technology Assessment Branch

1994-10-01

224

The European unions 2010 target: Putting rare species in focus  

Microsoft Academic Search

The European Union has adopted the ambitious target of halting the loss of biodiversity by 2010. Several indicators have been proposed to assess progress towards the 2010 target, two of them addressing directly the issue of species decline. In Europe, the Fauna Europaea database gives an insight into the patterns of distribution of a total dataset of 130,000 terrestrial and

Benot Fontaine; Philippe Bouchet; Kees Van Achterberg; Miguel Angel Alonso-Zarazaga; Rafael Araujo; Manfred Asche; Ulrike Aspck; Paolo Audisio; Berend Aukema; Nicolas Bailly; Maria Balsamo; Ruud A. Bank; Peter Barnard; Carlo Belfiore; Wieslaw Bogdanowicz; Tom Bongers; Geoffrey Boxshall; Daniel Burckhardt; Jean-Louis Camicas; Przemek Chylarecki; Pierangelo Crucitti; Louis Deharveng; Alain Dubois; Henrik Enghoff; Anno Faubel; Romolo Fochetti; Olivier Gargominy; David Gibson; Ray Gibson; Maria Soledad Gmez Lpez; Daniel Goujet; Mark S. Harvey; Klaus-Gerhard Heller; Peter Van Helsdingen; Hannelore Hoch; Herman De Jong; Yde De Jong; Ole Karsholt; Wouter Los; Lars Lundqvist; Wojciech Magowski; Renata Manconi; Jochen Martens; Jos A. Massard; Gaby Massard-Geimer; Sandra J. Mcinnes; Luis F. Mendes; Eberhard Mey; Verner Michelsen; Alessandro Minelli; Claus Nielsen; Juan M. Nieto Nafra; Erik J. Van Nieukerken; John Noyes; Thomas Pape; Hans Pohl; Willy De Prins; Marian Ramos; Claudia Ricci; Cees Roselaar; Emilia Rota; Andreas Schmidt-Rhaesa; Hendrik Segers; Richard Zur Strassen; Andrzej Szeptycki; Jean-Marc Thibaud; Alain Thomas; Tarmo Timm; Jan Van Tol; Wim Vervoort; Rainer Willmann

2007-01-01

225

Credit Unions vs. Banks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week's In the News looks at the debate between the banks and credit unions over the issues of membership. The nine resources discussed provide background information about the debate and the arguments from both sides of the issue. On February 25, 1998, the Supreme Court ruled that the National Credit Union Administration's policy of permitting federal credit unions to serve multiple unrelated groups was unlawful. As a result, the credit union lobby persuaded the House of Representatives to overwhelmingly pass HR 1151, the Credit Union Membership Access Act, by a vote of 411-8. HR 1151 will allow credit unions to form multiple common bonds with certain limitations. Similar legislation is now under consideration in the Senate.

Ng, Thiam Hee.

1998-01-01

226

Spatial Databases: Accomplishments and Research Needs S. Shekhar, S. Chawla, S. Ravada  

E-print Network

­relational database management system [6, 32]. The performance enhancement provided by these systems includes a multi integrated circuits, the design of an automobile or the molecular structure of a pharmaceutical drug its functionality and its performance. The impetus for improving functionality comes from the needs

Shekhar, Shashi

227

The Ovarian Kaleidoscope Database: An Online Resource for the Ovarian Research Community  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Ovarian Kaleidoscope database (OKdb) is a collaborative on- line resource for scientists investigating the ovary. It provides infor- mation regarding the biological function, expression pattern, and regulation of genes expressed in the ovary as well as for the pheno- types associated with their mutation. In addition, the records in the OKdb are linked to other sites offering online information

CHANDRA P. LEO; URSULA A. VITT; AARON J. W. HSUEH

2010-01-01

228

Heart 'omics' in AGEing (HOMAGE): design, research objectives and characteristics of the common database.  

PubMed

Heart failure is common in older people and its prevalence is increasing. The Heart 'omics' in AGEing (HOMAGE) project aims to provide a biomarker approach that will improve the early diagnosis of heart failure. A large clinical database, based on (1) prospective population studies or (2) cross-sectional, prospective studies or randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of patients at risk for or with overt cardiovascular disease will be constructed to determine most promising 'omics'-based biomarkers to identify the risk of developing heart failure and/or comorbidities. Population studies, patient cohorts and RCTs are eligible for inclusion in the common database, if they received ethical approval to obtain and share data and have baseline information on cardiovascular risk factors. Currently, the HOMAGE database includes 43,065 subjects, from 20 studies in eight European countries, including healthy subjects from three population studies in France, Belgium and Italy (n ?=? 7,124), patients with heart failure (n ?=? 4,312) from four cohorts in the UK, Spain and Switzerland and patients at high risk for cardiovascular disease (n ?=? 31,629) in 13 cohorts. It is anticipated that more partners will join the consortium and enlarge the pooled data. This large merged database will be a useful resource with which to identify candidate biomarkers that play a role in the mechanism underlying the onset and progression of heart failure. PMID:25332706

Jacobs, Lotte; Thijs, Lutgarde; Jin, Yu; Zannad, Faiez; Mebazaa, Alexandre; Rouet, Philippe; Pinet, Florence; Bauters, Christophe; Pieske, Burkert; Tomaschitz, Andreas; Mamas, Mamas; Diez, Javier; McDonald, Kenneth; Cleland, John G F; Rocca, Hans-Peter Brunner-La; Heymans, Stephane; Latini, Roberto; Masson, Serge; Sever, Peter; Delles, Christian; Pocock, Stuart; Collier, Timothy; Kuznetsova, Tatiana; Staessen, Jan A

2014-09-01

229

Research Findings from the Tennessee Value-Added Assessment System (TVAAS) Database: Implications for Educational Evaluation and Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Tennessee Value-Added Assessment System determines the effectiveness of school systems, schools, and teachers based on student academic growth over time. An integral part of TVAAS is a massive, longitudinally merged database linking students and student outcomes to the schools and systems in which they are enrolled and to the teachers to whom they are assigned as they transition from

William L. Sanders; Sandra P. Horn

1998-01-01

230

The Evolution of Legislation in the Field of Medically Assisted Reproduction and Embryo Stem Cell Research in European Union Members  

PubMed Central

Medically Assisted Reproduction (MAR), involving in vitro fertilisation (IVF), and research on embryos have created expectation to many people affected by infertility; at the same time it has generated a surplus of laws and ethical and social debates. Undoubtedly, MAR represents a rather new medical field and constant developments in medicine and new opportunities continue to defy the attempt to respond to those questions. In this paper, the authors reviewed the current legislation in the 28 EU member states trying to evaluate the different legislation paths adopted over the last 15 years and highlighting those EU countries with no specific legislation in place and MAR is covered by a general health Law and those countries in which there are no laws in this field but only guidelines. The second aim of this work has been to compare MAR legislation and embryo research in EU countries, which derive from different origins ranging from an extremely prohibitive approach versus a liberal one, going through a cautious regulatory approach. PMID:25147794

Busard, Francesco Paolo; Napoletano, Simona; Zaami, Simona; Frati, Paola

2014-01-01

231

The evolution of legislation in the field of Medically Assisted Reproduction and embryo stem cell research in European union members.  

PubMed

Medically Assisted Reproduction (MAR), involving in vitro fertilisation (IVF), and research on embryos have created expectation to many people affected by infertility; at the same time it has generated a surplus of laws and ethical and social debates. Undoubtedly, MAR represents a rather new medical field and constant developments in medicine and new opportunities continue to defy the attempt to respond to those questions. In this paper, the authors reviewed the current legislation in the 28 EU member states trying to evaluate the different legislation paths adopted over the last 15 years and highlighting those EU countries with no specific legislation in place and MAR is covered by a general health Law and those countries in which there are no laws in this field but only "guidelines." The second aim of this work has been to compare MAR legislation and embryo research in EU countries, which derive from different origins ranging from an extremely prohibitive approach versus a liberal one, going through a cautious regulatory approach. PMID:25147794

Busard, Francesco Paolo; Gulino, Matteo; Napoletano, Simona; Zaami, Simona; Frati, Paola

2014-01-01

232

European Science Notes Information Bulletin: Reports on Current European/ Middle Eastern Science. Acoustics Research in Europe and the Soviet Union  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This issue of European Science Notes Information Bulletin presents the view of European acoustics research developed by Dr. David Feit while serving as Liaison Scientist at the Office of Naval Research European Office (ONREUR) for the past 2 years. Dr. Feit is an internationally recognized expert in the field of structural acoustics and mechanics, and the coauthor with Miguel Junger of Sound, Structures and their Interaction. While at ONREUR, Dr. Feit has followed developments in structural acoustics, underwater acoustics, and physical acoustics. Activity in these specialties in Europe ranges from architectural applications, to active noise cancellation in automobiles and aircraft, to the areas of traditional naval interest in underwater sound propagation and signal processing. Working with other members of the ONREUR professional staff, Dr. Feit here presents a current perspective on the field. As in all ONREUR reporting, there is no claim to global coverage of the field--rather it is the appraisal drawn from selected professional visits during the past 2 years.

Feit, David; Orendorf, Connie R.

1990-12-01

233

Labor Unions and the Internet  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Cornell University librarians Suzanne Cohen and Deborah Joseph prepared this extensive guide to labor union information on the Internet as part of a Catherwood Library Labor/ Management Outreach Program. An eloquent introduction explains the importance of the Internet as a networking and research tool for labor organizations, and over 20 annotated webliographies guide users to online directories, statistics, company information, newsletters, and collective bargaining legal links, among other resources.

234

Microgravity Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The European Space Agencies (ESA) Microgravity Database "gives scientists access to information regarding all experiments carried out on ESA and NASA missions by European scientists since the 1960s." Users choose from a physical or life sciences query form, then can search by experiment and investigators, mission and facility, publications and source, and more. Results provide the mission name, data, payload, research subject, publication information, an abstract, and any other available facts or related links. A very intuitive and well designed database, visitors should appreciate its unique and extensive content.

2000-01-01

235

Overview of ESSL's severe convective storms research using the European Severe Weather Database ESWD  

Microsoft Academic Search

Severe thunderstorms constitute a major weather hazard in Europe, with an estimated total damage of 58billion euros each year nowadays. Even though there is an upward trend in damage due to increases in vulnerability and possibly also due to climate change impacts, a pan-European database of severe thunderstorm reports in a homogeneous data format did not exist until a few

Nikolai Dotzek; Pieter Groenemeijer; Bernold Feuerstein; Alois M. Holzer

2009-01-01

236

Challenges of molecular nutrition research 6: the nutritional phenotype database to store, share and evaluate nutritional systems biology studies  

PubMed Central

The challenge of modern nutrition and health research is to identify food-based strategies promoting life-long optimal health and well-being. This research is complex because it exploits a multitude of bioactive compounds acting on an extensive network of interacting processes. Whereas nutrition research can profit enormously from the revolution in omics technologies, it has discipline-specific requirements for analytical and bioinformatic procedures. In addition to measurements of the parameters of interest (measures of health), extensive description of the subjects of study and foods or diets consumed is central for describing the nutritional phenotype. We propose and pursue an infrastructural activity of constructing the Nutritional Phenotype database (dbNP). When fully developed, dbNP will be a research and collaboration tool and a publicly available data and knowledge repository. Creation and implementation of the dbNP will maximize benefits to the research community by enabling integration and interrogation of data from multiple studies, from different research groups, different countries and differentomics levels. The dbNP is designed to facilitate storage of biologically relevant, pre-processedomics data, as well as study descriptive and study participant phenotype data. It is also important to enable the combination of this information at different levels (e.g. to facilitate linkage of data describing participant phenotype, genotype and food intake with information on study design andomics measurements, and to combine all of this with existing knowledge). The biological information stored in the database (i.e. genetics, transcriptomics, proteomics, biomarkers, metabolomics, functional assays, food intake and food composition) is tailored to nutrition research and embedded in an environment of standard procedures and protocols, annotations, modular data-basing, networking and integrated bioinformatics. The dbNP is an evolving enterprise, which is only sustainable if it is accepted and adopted by the wider nutrition and health research community as an open source, pre-competitive and publicly available resource where many partners both can contribute and profit from its developments. We introduce the Nutrigenomics Organisation (NuGO, http://www.nugo.org) as a membership association responsible for establishing and curating the dbNP. Within NuGO, all efforts related to dbNP (i.e. usage, coordination, integration, facilitation and maintenance) will be directed towards a sustainable and federated infrastructure. PMID:21052526

Bouwman, Jildau; Dragsted, Lars O.; Drevon, Christian A.; Elliott, Ruan; de Groot, Philip; Kaput, Jim; Mathers, John C.; Mller, Michael; Pepping, Fre; Saito, Jahn; Scalbert, Augustin; Radonjic, Marijana; Rocca-Serra, Philippe; Travis, Anthony; Wopereis, Suzan; Evelo, Chris T.

2010-01-01

237

Sustainability in the Union  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Operating as the center of student life, college unions have a central role to teach citizenship, social responsibility, and leadership. Unions can serve as locations for education and conversations about sustainability, as well as for organizations operationally and programmatically engaged in sustainable practices. In this chapter, the authors

Brown, Patrick; Taylor, John

2012-01-01

238

Teacher Unions 101  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher unions are hard to miss in the news lately. Newspapers, blogs, social media posts, magazine articles, and political speeches abound with talk of them. Teacher unions are a hot topic and one that probably was not covered in college classes. The noisy back-and-forth among partisans can be both mind-numbing and confusing, often creating a

Koppich, Julia E.

2012-01-01

239

Unions, Contractors and CTE  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Across Illinois, in places where unions thrive, construction industry professionals and career and technical education (CTE) teachers are working together in promoting work-based learning program to students. Likewise, the outreach program provides union-supported contractors with qualified candidates for future employment. Programs such as the

Jarosz, Francesca

2006-01-01

240

YM500v2: a small RNA sequencing (smRNA-seq) database for human cancer miRNome research.  

PubMed

We previously presented YM500, which is an integrated database for miRNA quantification, isomiR identification, arm switching discovery and novel miRNA prediction from 468 human smRNA-seq datasets. Here in this updated YM500v2 database (http://ngs.ym.edu.tw/ym500/), we focus on the cancer miRNome to make the database more disease-orientated. New miRNA-related algorithms developed after YM500 were included in YM500v2, and, more significantly, more than 8000 cancer-related smRNA-seq datasets (including those of primary tumors, paired normal tissues, PBMC, recurrent tumors, and metastatic tumors) were incorporated into YM500v2. Novel miRNAs (miRNAs not included in the miRBase R21) were not only predicted by three independent algorithms but also cleaned by a new in silico filtration strategy and validated by wetlab data such as Cross-Linked ImmunoPrecipitation sequencing (CLIP-seq) to reduce the false-positive rate. A new function 'Meta-analysis' is additionally provided for allowing users to identify real-time differentially expressed miRNAs and arm-switching events according to customer-defined sample groups and dozens of clinical criteria tidying up by proficient clinicians. Cancer miRNAs identified hold the potential for both basic research and biotech applications. PMID:25398902

Cheng, Wei-Chung; Chung, I-Fang; Tsai, Cheng-Fong; Huang, Tse-Shun; Chen, Chen-Yang; Wang, Shao-Chuan; Chang, Ting-Yu; Sun, Hsing-Jen; Chao, Jeffrey Yung-Chuan; Cheng, Cheng-Chung; Wu, Cheng-Wen; Wang, Hsei-Wei

2015-01-28

241

BioAssay Research Database (BARD): chemical biology and probe-development enabled by structured metadata and result types.  

PubMed

BARD, the BioAssay Research Database (https://bard.nih.gov/) is a public database and suite of tools developed to provide access to bioassay data produced by the NIH Molecular Libraries Program (MLP). Data from 631 MLP projects were migrated to a new structured vocabulary designed to capture bioassay data in a formalized manner, with particular emphasis placed on the description of assay protocols. New data can be submitted to BARD with a user-friendly set of tools that assist in the creation of appropriately formatted datasets and assay definitions. Data published through the BARD application program interface (API) can be accessed by researchers using web-based query tools or a desktop client. Third-party developers wishing to create new tools can use the API to produce stand-alone tools or new plug-ins that can be integrated into BARD. The entire BARD suite of tools therefore supports three classes of researcher: those who wish to publish data, those who wish to mine data for testable hypotheses, and those in the developer community who wish to build tools that leverage this carefully curated chemical biology resource. PMID:25477388

Howe, E A; de Souza, A; Lahr, D L; Chatwin, S; Montgomery, P; Alexander, B R; Nguyen, D-T; Cruz, Y; Stonich, D A; Walzer, G; Rose, J T; Picard, S C; Liu, Z; Rose, J N; Xiang, X; Asiedu, J; Durkin, D; Levine, J; Yang, J J; Schrer, S C; Braisted, J C; Southall, N; Southern, M R; Chung, T D Y; Brudz, S; Tanega, C; Schreiber, S L; Bittker, J A; Guha, R; Clemons, P A

2015-01-28

242

The use of Research Electronic Data Capture (REDCap) software to create a database of librarian-mediated literature searches.  

PubMed

Expert-mediated literature searching, a keystone service in biomedical librarianship, would benefit significantly from regular methodical review. This article describes the novel use of Research Electronic Data Capture (REDCap) software to create a database of literature searches conducted at a large academic health sciences library. An archive of paper search requests was entered into REDCap, and librarians now prospectively enter records for current searches. Having search data readily available allows librarians to reuse search strategies and track their workload. In aggregate, this data can help guide practice and determine priorities by identifying users' needs, tracking librarian effort, and focusing librarians' continuing education. PMID:25023012

Lyon, Jennifer A; Garcia-Milian, Rolando; Norton, Hannah F; Tennant, Michele R

2014-01-01

243

U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service Mahantango Creek Watershed, Pennsylvania, United States: long-term water quality database  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), Agricultural Research Service (ARS), Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit (PSWMRU) has developed a long-term water quality database to support water quality research within the 7.3 km**2 WE-38 experimental watershed in east-central Pennsyl...

244

UNION BOARD History of the Union Board  

E-print Network

for the Miss Louisiana Pageant is chosen from an array of beautiful and talented young women. Spring Fling entertainment, concerts, the Miss Tech Pageant, Spring Fling, its annual Talent Show, comedians, dances Tech Pageant is also produced by the Union Board. On this special evening Tech's representative

Selmic, Sandra

245

Construction of a rice glycoside hydrolase phylogenomic database and identification of targets for biofuel research  

PubMed Central

Glycoside hydrolases (GH) catalyze the hydrolysis of glycosidic bonds in cell wall polymers and can have major effects on cell wall architecture. Taking advantage of the massive datasets available in public databases, we have constructed a rice phylogenomic database of GHs (http://ricephylogenomics.ucdavis.edu/cellwalls/gh/). This database integrates multiple data types including the structural features, orthologous relationships, mutant availability, and gene expression patterns for each GH family in a phylogenomic context. The rice genome encodes 437 GH genes classified into 34 families. Based on pairwise comparison with eight dicot and four monocot genomes, we identified 138 GH genes that are highly diverged between monocots and dicots, 57 of which have diverged further in rice as compared with four monocot genomes scanned in this study. Chromosomal localization and expression analysis suggest a role for both whole-genome and localized gene duplications in expansion and diversification of GH families in rice. We examined the meta-profiles of expression patterns of GH genes in twenty different anatomical tissues of rice. Transcripts of 51 genes exhibit tissue or developmental stage-preferential expression, whereas, seventeen other genes preferentially accumulate in actively growing tissues. When queried in RiceNet, a probabilistic functional gene network that facilitates functional gene predictions, nine out of seventeen genes form a regulatory network with the well-characterized genes involved in biosynthesis of cell wall polymers including cellulose synthase and cellulose synthase-like genes of rice. Two-thirds of the GH genes in rice are up regulated in response to biotic and abiotic stress treatments indicating a role in stress adaptation. Our analyses identify potential GH targets for cell wall modification. PMID:23986771

Sharma, Rita; Cao, Peijian; Jung, Ki-Hong; Sharma, Manoj K.; Ronald, Pamela C.

2013-01-01

246

Automatic detection of lung nodules in computed tomography images: training and validation of algorithms using public research databases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Lung cancer is one of the main public health issues in developed countries. Lung cancer typically manifests itself as non-calcified pulmonary nodules that can be detected reading lung Computed Tomography (CT) images. To assist radiologists in reading images, researchers started, a decade ago, the development of Computer Aided Detection (CAD) methods capable of detecting lung nodules. In this work, a CAD composed of two CAD subprocedures is presented: , devoted to the identification of parenchymal nodules, and , devoted to the identification of the nodules attached to the pleura surface. Both CADs are an upgrade of two methods previously presented as Voxel Based Neural Approach CAD . The novelty of this paper consists in the massive training using the public research Lung International Database Consortium (LIDC) database and on the implementation of new features for classification with respect to the original VBNA method. Finally, the proposed CAD is blindly validated on the ANODE09 dataset. The result of the validation is a score of 0.393, which corresponds to the average sensitivity of the CAD computed at seven predefined false positive rates: 1/8, 1/4, 1/2, 1, 2, 4, and 8 FP/CT.

Camarlinghi, Niccol

2013-09-01

247

Labor unions: a public health institution.  

PubMed

Using a social-ecological framework, we drew on a targeted literature review and historical and contemporary cases from the US labor movement to illustrate how unions address physical and psychosocial conditions of work and the underlying inequalities and social determinants of health. We reviewed labor involvement in tobacco cessation, hypertension control, and asthma, limiting articles to those in English published in peer-reviewed public health or medical journals from 1970 to 2013. More rigorous research is needed on potential pathways from union membership to health outcomes and the facilitators of and barriers to union-public health collaboration. Despite occasional challenges, public health professionals should increase their efforts to engage with unions as critical partners. PMID:25521905

Malinowski, Beth; Minkler, Meredith; Stock, Laura

2015-02-01

248

Collaborative research between academia and industry using a large clinical trial database: a case study in Alzheimer's disease  

PubMed Central

Background Large clinical trials databases, developed over the course of a comprehensive clinical trial programme, represent an invaluable resource for clinical researchers. Data mining projects sponsored by industry that use these databases, however, are often not viewed favourably in the academic medical community because of concerns that commercial, rather than scientific, goals are the primary purpose of such endeavours. Thus, there are few examples of sustained collaboration between leading academic clinical researchers and industry professionals in a large-scale data mining project. We present here a successful example of this type of collaboration in the field of dementia. Methods The Donepezil Data Repository comprised 18 randomised, controlled trials conducted between 1991 and 2005. The project team at Pfizer determined that the data mining process should be guided by a diverse group of leading Alzheimer's disease clinical researchers called the "Expert Working Group." After development of a list of potential faculty members, invitations were extended and a group of seven members was assembled. The Working Group met regularly with Eisai/Pfizer clinicians and statisticians to discuss the data, identify issues that were currently of interest in the academic and clinical communities that might lend themselves to investigation using these data, and note gaps in understanding or knowledge of Alzheimer's disease that these data could address. Leadership was provided by the Pfizer Clinical Development team leader; Working Group members rotated responsibility for being lead and co-lead for each investigation and resultant publication. Results Six manuscripts, each published in a leading subspecialty journal, resulted from the group's work. Another project resulted in poster presentations at international congresses and two were cancelled due to resource constraints. Conclusions The experience represents a particular approach to optimising the value of data mining of large clinical trial databases for the combined purpose of furthering clinical research and improving patient care. Fruitful collaboration between industry and academia was fostered while the donepezil data repository was used to advance clinical and scientific knowledge. The Expert Working Group approach warrants consideration as a blueprint for conducting similar research ventures in the future. PMID:22029822

2011-01-01

249

Moving and Union Dissolution  

PubMed Central

This paper examines the effect of migration and residential mobility on union dissolution among married and cohabiting couples. Moving is a stressful life event, and a large, multidisciplinary literature has shown that family migration often benefits one partner (usually the man) more than the other. Even so, no study to date has examined the possible impact of within-nation geographical mobility on union dissolution. We base our longitudinal analysis on retrospective event-history data from Austria. Our results show that couples who move frequently have a significantly higher risk of union dissolution, and we suggest a variety of mechanisms that may explain this. PMID:18390300

BOYLE, PAUL J.; KULU, HILL; COOKE, THOMAS; GAYLE, VERNON; MULDER, CLARAH.

2008-01-01

250

DoD: Database of Databases--updated molecular biology databases.  

PubMed

Database of Databases (DoD) is a collection of molecular biology databases extracted from Nucleic Acids Research, 2005 Database issue. DoD is constructed using javascript and html code. The 14 categories of 719 databases are provided with a search option, keyword help and database description linked to respective pages. Keyword help lists the search strings used to perform an individual search against categorized databases. Database description provides brief information about the database with a link to full-text article and main web page. DoD is available online and can be accessed at http://www.progenebio.in/DoD/DoD.htm. PMID:16610138

Babu, P Ajay; Boddepalli, Radha; Lakshmi, V Vasantha; Rao, G Nageswara

2005-01-01

251

Scaphoid Non-Union  

MedlinePLUS

... the prognosis for recovery and for pre-operative decision making. TREATMENT Treatment of a scaphoid non-union is dependent on several factors including the patients age, function, current symptoms (pain, ...

252

Immediate Dissemination of Student Discoveries to a Model Organism Database Enhances Classroom-Based Research Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Use of inquiry-based research modules in the classroom has soared over recent years, largely in response to national calls for teaching that provides experience with scientific processes and methodologies. To increase the visibility of in-class studies among interested researchers and to strengthen their impact on student learning, we have

Wiley, Emily A.; Stover, Nicholas A.

2014-01-01

253

DEVELOPMENT AND APPLICATION OF A RESEARCH DATABASE FOR DRINKING WATER SYSTEMS EVALUATION  

EPA Science Inventory

The Computer Information System (CIS) that was developed by the Drinking Water Research Division gives fast, easy access to more than 521,000 records from nearly 20 past and current research projects. his data base management system can generate simple reports as well as perform ...

254

Introduction to Department of Defense Center for Prostate Disease Research Multicenter National Prostate Cancer Database, and analysis of changes in the PSA-era  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Center for Prostate Disease Research (CPDR) database was developed to standardize the clinical procedures for patients with carcinoma of the prostate (CaP), and support retrospective and prospective studies on CaP within the military health care system. METHODS: A set of clinical forms recording diagnosis, treatments, follow-up, and necropsy information for CaP management was developed. A relational database with about

Leon Sun; Kevin Gancarczyk; Edmond L Paquette; David G McLeod; Christopher Kane; Leo Kusuda; Raymond Lance; Judy Herring; John Foley; Dalton Baldwin; Jay T Bishoff; Douglas Soderdahl; Hongyu Wu; Linda Xu; Judd W Moul

2001-01-01

255

Slim-Prim: A Biomedical Informatics Database to Promote Translational Research  

PubMed Central

With the current national emphasis on translational research, data-exchange systems that can bridge the basic and clinical sciences are vital. To meet this challenge, we have developed Slim-Prim, an integrated data system (IDS) for collecting, processing, archiving, and distributing basic and clinical research data. Slim-Prim is accessed via user-friendly Web-based applications, thus increasing data accessibility and eliminating the security risks inherent with office or laboratory servers. Slim-Prim serves as a laboratory management interface and archival data repository for institutional projects. Importantly, multiple levels of controlled access allow HIPAA-compliant sharing of de-identified information to facilitate data sharing and analysis across research domains; thus Slim-Prim encourages collaboration between researchers and clinicians, an essential factor in the development of translational research. Slim-Prim is an example of utilizing an IDS to improve organizational efficiency and to bridge the gap between laboratory discovery and practice. PMID:19471646

Viangteeravat, Teeradache; Brooks, Ian M; Smith, Ebony J; Furlotte, Nicolas; Vuthipadadon, Somchan; Reynolds, Rebecca; McDonald, Chanchai Singhanayok

2009-01-01

256

Government databases and public health research: facilitating access in the public interest.  

PubMed

Access to datasets of personal health information held by government agencies is essential to support public health research and to promote evidence-based public health policy development. Privacy legislation in Australia allows the use and disclosure of such information for public health research. However, access is not always forthcoming in a timely manner and the decision-making process undertaken by government data custodians is not always transparent. Given the public benefit in research using these health information datasets, this article suggests that it is time to recognise a right of access for approved research and that the decisions, and decision-making processes, of government data custodians should be subject to increased scrutiny. The article concludes that researchers should have an avenue of external review where access to information has been denied or unduly delayed. PMID:25087372

Adams, Carolyn; Allen, Judy

2014-06-01

257

Constructing a Geology Ontology Using a Relational Database  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In geology community, the creation of a common geology ontology has become a useful means to solve problems of data integration, knowledge transformation and the interoperation of multi-source, heterogeneous and multiple scale geological data. Currently, human-computer interaction methods and relational database-based methods are the primary ontology construction methods. Some human-computer interaction methods such as the Geo-rule based method, the ontology life cycle method and the module design method have been proposed for applied geological ontologies. Essentially, the relational database-based method is a reverse engineering of abstracted semantic information from an existing database. The key is to construct rules for the transformation of database entities into the ontology. Relative to the human-computer interaction method, relational database-based methods can use existing resources and the stated semantic relationships among geological entities. However, two problems challenge the development and application. One is the transformation of multiple inheritances and nested relationships and their representation in an ontology. The other is that most of these methods do not measure the semantic retention of the transformation process. In this study, we focused on constructing a rule set to convert the semantics in a geological database into a geological ontology. According to the relational schema of a geological database, a conversion approach is presented to convert a geological spatial database to an OWL-based geological ontology, which is based on identifying semantics such as entities, relationships, inheritance relationships, nested relationships and cluster relationships. The semantic integrity of the transformation was verified using an inverse mapping process. In a geological ontology, an inheritance and union operations between superclass and subclass were used to present the nested relationship in a geochronology and the multiple inheritances relationship. Based on a Quaternary database of downtown of Foshan city, Guangdong Province, in Southern China, a geological ontology was constructed using the proposed method. To measure the maintenance of semantics in the conversation process and the results, an inverse mapping from the ontology to a relational database was tested based on a proposed conversation rule. The comparison of schema and entities and the reduction of tables between the inverse database and the original database illustrated that the proposed method retains the semantic information well during the conversation process. An application for abstracting sandstone information showed that semantic relationships among concepts in the geological database were successfully reorganized in the constructed ontology. Key words: geological ontology; geological spatial database; multiple inheritance; OWL Acknowledgement: This research is jointly funded by the Specialized Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education of China (RFDP) (20100171120001), NSFC (41102207) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (12lgpy19).

Hou, W.; Yang, L.; Yin, S.; Ye, J.; Clarke, K.

2013-12-01

258

Te Puna Puoru National Centre for Research in Music Education and Sound Arts (MERC) invites you to contribute to the national database  

E-print Network

reviews Music schools PTO #12;Music study and teaching Music styles Music technology Music theatre MusicTe Puna Puoru National Centre for Research in Music Education and Sound Arts (MERC) invites you to contribute to the national database of research in music education and sound arts. Fill in the template

Hickman, Mark

259

The Cerebral Blood Flow Biomedical Informatics Research Network (CBFBIRN) database and analysis pipeline for arterial spin labeling MRI data  

PubMed Central

Arterial spin labeling (ASL) is a magnetic resonance imaging technique that provides a non-invasive and quantitative measure of cerebral blood flow (CBF). After more than a decade of active research, ASL is now emerging as a robust and reliable CBF measurement technique with increased availability and ease of use. There is a growing number of research and clinical sites using ASL for neuroscience research and clinical care. In this paper, we present an online CBF Database and Analysis Pipeline, collectively called the Cerebral Blood Flow Biomedical Informatics Research Network (CBFBIRN) that allows researchers to upload and share ASL and clinical data. In addition to serving the role as a central data repository, the CBFBIRN provides a streamlined data processing infrastructure for CBF quantification and group analysis, which has the potential to accelerate the discovery of new scientific and clinical knowledge. All capabilities and features built into the CBFBIRN are accessed online using a web browser through a secure login. In this work, we begin with a general description of the CBFBIRN system data model and its architecture, then devote the remainder of the paper to the CBFBIRN capabilities. The latter part of our work is divided into two processing modules: (1) Data Upload and CBF Quantification Module; (2) Group Analysis Module that supports three types of analysis commonly used in neuroscience research. To date, the CBFBIRN hosts CBF maps and associated clinical data from more than 1,300 individual subjects. The data have been contributed by more than 20 different research studies, investigating the effect of various conditions on CBF including Alzheimers, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depression, traumatic brain injury, HIV, caffeine usage, and methamphetamine abuse. Several example results, generated by the CBFBIRN processing modules, are presented. We conclude with the lessons learned during implementation and deployment of the CBFBIRN and our experience in promoting data sharing. PMID:24151465

Shin, David D.; Ozyurt, I. Burak; Liu, Thomas T.

2013-01-01

260

Djeen (Database for Joomla!s Extensible Engine): a research information management system for flexible multi-technology project administration  

PubMed Central

Background With the advance of post-genomic technologies, the need for tools to manage large scale data in biology becomes more pressing. This involves annotating and storing data securely, as well as granting permissions flexibly with several technologies (all array types, flow cytometry, proteomics) for collaborative work and data sharing. This task is not easily achieved with most systems available today. Findings We developed Djeen (Database for Joomla!s Extensible Engine), a new Research Information Management System (RIMS) for collaborative projects. Djeen is a user-friendly application, designed to streamline data storage and annotation collaboratively. Its database model, kept simple, is compliant with most technologies and allows storing and managing of heterogeneous data with the same system. Advanced permissions are managed through different roles. Templates allow Minimum Information (MI) compliance. Conclusion Djeen allows managing project associated with heterogeneous data types while enforcing annotation integrity and minimum information. Projects are managed within a hierarchy and user permissions are finely-grained for each project, user and group. Djeen Component source code (version 1.5.1) and installation documentation are available under CeCILL license from http://sourceforge.net/projects/djeen/files and supplementary material. PMID:23742665

2013-01-01

261

Open-access MIMIC-II database for intensive care research  

E-print Network

The critical state of intensive care unit (ICU) patients demands close monitoring, and as a result a large volume of multi-parameter data is collected continuously. This represents a unique opportunity for researchers ...

Lee, Joon

262

Toward Building a Comprehensive H-alpha Database for Space Weather Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the support of the Solar-Terrestrial Program of National Science Foundation, we are currently carrying out a project to digitize 26 years' film observations (1969-1995) at the Big Bear Solar Observatory (BBSO). The total number of H-alpha images with pixel resolution of 1 arc second is estimated to be 10 million. Despite some limitations of the film data format, the long-term coverage and high quality of the BBSO data with a nominal cadence of 1 minute will have broad applications for statistical as well as morphological studies. We will present and analyze sample digitized full-disk as well as high-resolution H-alpha images. In addition to the effort of restoring historical H-alpha data, we are currently operating the Global H-alpha Network (GHN), which is an international collaboration synthesizing data from nine observing stations for round-the-clock monitoring of solar activity. The entire set of full-disk film data will eventually be combined with more recent data from GHN to create a comprehensive synoptic database, comprising valuable information of solar filaments and flares spanning a period of 4 solar cycles. Using these data, we are carrying out statistical and case studies of flares, filaments and their eruptions, filament oscillations, new flux emergence, as well as solar cycle variation of solar activity and differential rotation. These works are supported by NSF grants ATM 08-49453 and 08-39216.

Liu, Chang; Liu, R.; Xu, Y.; Wang, H.

2010-05-01

263

Research on an expert system for database operation of simulation-emulation math models. Volume 1, Phase 1: Results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results of the first phase of Research on an Expert System for Database Operation of Simulation/Emulation Math Models, is described. Techniques from artificial intelligence (AI) were to bear on task domains of interest to NASA Marshall Space Flight Center. One such domain is simulation of spacecraft attitude control systems. Two related software systems were developed to and delivered to NASA. One was a generic simulation model for spacecraft attitude control, written in FORTRAN. The second was an expert system which understands the usage of a class of spacecraft attitude control simulation software and can assist the user in running the software. This NASA Expert Simulation System (NESS), written in LISP, contains general knowledge about digital simulation, specific knowledge about the simulation software, and self knowledge.

Kawamura, K.; Beale, G. O.; Schaffer, J. D.; Hsieh, B. J.; Padalkar, S.; Rodriguez-Moscoso, J. J.

1985-01-01

264

The Burke Library Archives (Columbia University Libraries) Union Theological Seminary, New York  

E-print Network

Research Library, these records were received by Union Theological Seminary librarian Robert F. Beach (Columbia University Libraries) at Union Theological Seminary, New York. Biography Hervey DeWitt Griswold

Salzman, Daniel

265

The Burke Library Archives (Columbia University Libraries) Union Theological Seminary, New York  

E-print Network

The Burke Library Archives (Columbia University Libraries) Union Theological Seminary, New York Missionary Research Library Archives: Section 12 Finding Aid for Eastern Fellowship of Professors of Missions 8, The Burke Library Archives (Columbia University Libraries) at Union Theological Seminary, New

Salzman, Daniel

266

CBS Databases  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This major reference center for mycologists traces its existence back to 1903. Now an institute of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, CBS (Centraalbureau voor Schimmelcultures) continues to maintain and distribute one of the largest collections of living fungi in the world. With over 35,000 strains, "the collection contains representatives of virtually all fungal groups that can be cultured." Users can currently search six databases containing over 72,000 strains of fungi, yeasts, and bacteria held at CBS or other institutions. Each database offers several search options, such as by Species Name, Strain Number, or Properties of species/ strains. Search returns include Species, Variety, relevant Literature, Strain Number, Origin, History, and Form of Supply. The site also offers articles in HTML and .pdf format, information on current research themes and projects, strain ordering information, and an image gallery.

267

Algaline Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Maintained by the Finnish Institute of Marine Research and several other institutions, the Algaline Database offers updated reports on the conditions of phytoplankton and related parameters in the Baltic Sea. The reports, which vary in length and detail (though most are brief), summarize measurements of Oxygen, Salinity, Temperature, Nutrients, Harmful substances, Plankton, Zooplankton, Benthic Animals, Flow, and Other measurements. In addition, the Maps and Figures section offers numerous color images (including satellite) of Baltic Sea conditions and marine organisms. To access reports by geographic subregion of the Baltic, head to the Reports section. Finally, the Latest News section keeps researchers abreast of changing conditions (e.g., algal blooms) and research cruises in the Baltic. For researchers or anyone else wanting in-depth information on a host of ecological parameters for the Baltic Sea, this is an excellent reference site.

268

Gypsy moths: Pest control research. (Latest citations from the Life Sciences Collection database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning control and research regarding gypsy moths or lymantria dispar. Both natural and synthetic controls are discussed, including parasites, viral diseases, fungal diseases, bird predation, bacterial diseases, pheromone trapping, insecticides, and physical and chemical localized protection. Laboratory and field studies on sex pheromones, environmental effects on life cycles, effects of feeding behavior, plant-insect interactions, and other research relating to the control of this forest pest are considered. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1993-06-01

269

THE VALUE OF THE USDA NEMATODE COLLECTION AND ITS DATABASE FOR TAXONOMIC AND SYSTEMATIC RESEARCH  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The United States Department of Agriculture Nematode Collection (USDANC) at Beltsville, Maryland, is one of the largest and most valuable international resources for nematode taxonomic research and identifications. It is widely used by scientists throughout the world to resolve various taxonomic an...

270

The Development of a Video Database for Language Educational Research Projects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The analysis of classroom observation data is seen as increasingly important in research on the impact of high-stakes language tests or new foreign-language programmes on students, teachers and other stakeholders. Video-recordings of language teaching and learning in classrooms impacted by such tests or programmes can provide revealing data,

Hawkey, Roger; Thompson, Sue; Turner, Richard

2007-01-01

271

Confronting Ambiguity, Anarchy, and Crisis in Institutional Research: Using Student Unit Record Databases in Extra-Institutional Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The world of policymaking on the campuses of colleges and universities is messy, ambiguous, and contested. In this complex environment, which Kingdon (2003) has aptly called a "policy soup," the role of institutional research is often not only to provide answers to existing policy questions but to produce information to help transform ambiguity

Musoba, Glenda D.; Gross, Jacob P. K.; Hossler, Don

2008-01-01

272

Occupational exposure to carcinogens in the European Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVESTo construct a computer assisted information system for the estimation of the numbers of workers exposed to established and suspected human carcinogens in the member states of the European Union (EU).METHODSA database called CAREX (carcinogen exposure) was designed to provide selected exposure data and documented estimates of the number of workers exposed to carcinogens by country, carcinogen, and industry. CAREX

Timo Kauppinen; Jouni Toikkanen; David Pedersen; Randy Young; Wolfgang Ahrens; Paolo Boffetta; Johnni Hansen; Hans Kromhout; Jeronimo Maqueda Blasco; Dario Mirabelli; Victoria de la Orden-Rivera; Brian Pannett; Nils Plato; Anja Savela; Raymond Vincent; Manolis Kogevinas

2000-01-01

273

Women in Politics: Bibliographic Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This bibliographic database currently holds 650 titles of recent works concerned with women in politics. A new addition to the Inter-Parliamentary Union's "Democracy through Partnership between Men and Women in Politics" site, "it provides bibliographic references to books, reports and journal articles on all aspects of women's participation in political life worldwide." The search mechanism allows users to specify type of document, geographic region, publishing organization, subject matter, author, title of periodical, and year of publication. Alternatively, there is also a subject keyword search. For more information about the Inter-Parliamentary Union Website, see the December 12, 1997 Scout Report.

274

Unionizing Indian Agricultural Workers: Problems and Prospects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper is concerned with the problems and prospects of organizing agricultural workers. The motivation to unionize is analysed in terms of low income, insecurity of employment and social disparity faced by landless labourers. Research evidence is summarised with a view to highlight the constraints in organizing the landless. Consequently, attention is drawn to some organizational problems such as objectives,

Verma Pramod; Mookherjee S

275

Economic and Monetary Union in Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book provides a comprehensive account and analysis of the plan for European monetary union contained in the Maastricht Treaty. The provisions of the treaty itself are examined, showing how they evolved, what must be done to implement them, and some of the problems they will pose. Kenen goes far beyond the treaty, however, to survey and adapt recent research

Peter B. Kenen

1995-01-01

276

Rainfall Simulation Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The British Geomorphological Research Group maintains this rainfall simulation database site. The database includes information about rainfall simulators, as well as their set-up and use. Currently, the database is divided into laboratory, field, and dual-purpose (lab and field) rainfall simulators. For each simulator in the database, users will find information on: "Simulator identification; Contact information; Specification of simulator; performance of simulator; Table of intensities and rainfall characteristics; Costs; Summary of research conducted using the simulator; Publications; and Additional comments." A section on simulation calibration is planned, and a form is provided for those wishing to contribute simulators to the database. A lengthy selection of related references adds to the utility of the database.

277

Students' Union Richmond Building  

E-print Network

Victoria Rooms Students' Union Richmond Building Bristol Grammar School BBC Coa Royal Fort Gardens COLSTONAVENUE STMICHAEL'S HILL STMICHAEL'SHILL GE STREET GORDON ROAD ELTON ROAD ELMDALEROAD EARL ST D COTHAM Royal Fort Gardens YORK PLACE WOODLANDROAD WOODLANDROAD WHITSON ST UNIVERSITYWALK TANKARDS CLO SE

Subramanian, Sriram

278

Database for propagation models  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A propagation researcher or a systems engineer who intends to use the results of a propagation experiment is generally faced with various database tasks such as the selection of the computer software, the hardware, and the writing of the programs to pass the data through the models of interest. This task is repeated every time a new experiment is conducted or the same experiment is carried out at a different location generating different data. Thus the users of this data have to spend a considerable portion of their time learning how to implement the computer hardware and the software towards the desired end. This situation may be facilitated considerably if an easily accessible propagation database is created that has all the accepted (standardized) propagation phenomena models approved by the propagation research community. Also, the handling of data will become easier for the user. Such a database construction can only stimulate the growth of the propagation research it if is available to all the researchers, so that the results of the experiment conducted by one researcher can be examined independently by another, without different hardware and software being used. The database may be made flexible so that the researchers need not be confined only to the contents of the database. Another way in which the database may help the researchers is by the fact that they will not have to document the software and hardware tools used in their research since the propagation research community will know the database already. The following sections show a possible database construction, as well as properties of the database for the propagation research.

Kantak, Anil V.

1991-01-01

279

Use of the General Practice Research Database (GPRD) for respiratory epidemiology: a comparison with the 4th Morbidity Survey in General Practice (MSGP4)  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundThe General Practice Re- search Database (GPRD) covers over 6% of the population of England and Wales and holds data on diagnoses and prescrib- ing from 1987 onwards. Most previous studies using the GPRD have concen- trated on drug use and safety. A study was undertaken to assess the validity of using the GPRD for epidemiological research into respiratory diseases.

Anna Hansell; Jen Hollowell; Tom Nichols; Rosie McNiece; David Strachan

280

D326D331 Nucleic Acids Research, 2008, Vol. 36, Database issue Published online 2 October 2007 doi:10.1093/nar/gkm792  

E-print Network

D326­D331 Nucleic Acids Research, 2008, Vol. 36, Database issue Published online 2 October 2007 doi by NRPS contain a high proportion of nonproteogenic amino acids. The primary structure of these pep- tides diversity. They are short (2 to about 50 amino acids) and contain nonproteogenic amino acids. Indeed, amino

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

281

Providing Database Services in a Nationwide Research Organisation--Coexistence of Traditional Information Services and a Modern CD-ROM/Online Hybrid Solution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the past two decades the central Information Retrieval Services of the Max Planck Society has been providing database searches for scientists in Max Planck Institutes and Research Groups throughout Germany. As a supplement to traditional search services offered by professional intermediaries, they have recently fostered the introduction of a

Bowman, Benjamin F.

282

Relationship effort, satisfaction, and stability: differences across union type.  

PubMed

Relationship satisfaction and stability are two commonly studied outcomes in marriage and family research. Majority of studies address socio demographic variability and differences across union type in these outcomes. We extend this literature by addressing how the amount of effort one puts into their relationship is associated with stability and satisfaction. Specifically, we focus on how effort impacts these measures of quality in four union types: premarital cohabitation, first marriage, post-divorce cohabitation, and second marriage following divorce. Furthermore, we make union type comparisons in the strength of effort's association with satisfaction and stability. Using data from 8,006 respondents in the Relationship Evaluation Survey, our results show that effort was strongly and positively associated with satisfaction and stability in all four unions. Although effort is more strongly associated with satisfaction in first marriage than cohabiting relationships, no union type differences in the role of effort on stability were observed. Clinical and research implications of these findings are discussed. PMID:24320175

Shafer, Kevin; Jensen, Todd M; Larson, Jeffry H

2014-04-01

283

Buffmap Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Institut National de Recherche Agronomique (France) provides online databases of genomes for several organisms, including Buffalo. The database is updated as more data become available, and provide records on loci, genes, microsatellites, polymorphisms, probes, enzymes, homologue loci, alleles, primers, references, and links to external databases. Instructions for submitting data to the databases are provided on-site.

284

The methodological quality of aphasia therapy research: An investigation of group studies using the PsycBITE evidence?based practice database  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: This paper examines the methodological quality of aphasia therapy research using the Psychological database for Brain Impairment Treatment Efficacy (www.psycbite.com). PsycBITE includes five designs: Systematic Reviews (SR), Randomised Controlled Trials (RCT), non?RCTs (NRCT), Case Series (CS), and Single Subject Designs (SSD).Aim: To provide an overview of the types of research designs and levels of compliance used in aphasia treatment

Leanne Togher; Regina Schultz; Robyn Tate; Skye McDonald; Michael Perdices; Kate Smith; Kiri Winders; Sharon Savage

2009-01-01

285

Use of the General Practice Research Database (GPRD) for respiratory epidemiology: a comparison with the 4th Morbidity Survey in General Practice (MSGP4)  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUNDThe General Practice Research Database (GPRD) covers over 6% of the population of England and Wales and holds data on diagnoses and prescribing from 1987 onwards. Most previous studies using the GPRD have concentrated on drug use and safety. A study was undertaken to assess the validity of using the GPRD for epidemiological research into respiratory diseases.METHODSAge-specific and sex-specific rates

Anna Hansell; Jen Hollowell; Tom Nichols; Rosie McNiece; David Strachan

1999-01-01

286

The Other Side of the Equation: Professional Development and the Organizational Capacity of Teacher Unions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes three different types of professional development provided by teachers organizations in the United States and Canada. Drawing from 10 years of conceptual and empirical research on teacher union reform activities, on teachers' perceptions of unions, and on teachers' union involvement, it identifies strategies for improving the fit between professional development and teachers occupational needs. The article emphasizes

Nina Bascia

2000-01-01

287

RWC Music Database: Popular, Classical and Jazz Music Databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the design policy and specifications of the RWC Music Database , a music database (DB) that is available to researchers for common use and research purposes. Various com- monly available DBs have been built in other research fields and have made a significant contribution to the research in those fields. The field of musical information processing, however,

Masataka Goto; Hiroki Hashiguchi; Takuichi Nishimura; Ryuichi Oka

2002-01-01

288

Ionic Liquids Database- (ILThermo)  

National Institute of Standards and Technology Data Gateway

SRD 147 Ionic Liquids Database- (ILThermo) (Web, free access) IUPAC Ionic Liquids Database, ILThermo, is a free web research tool that allows users worldwide to access an up-to-date data collection from the publications on experimental investigations of thermodynamic, and transport properties of ionic liquids as well as binary and ternary mixtures containing ionic liquids.

289

IMPROVING DATABASE DESIGN TEACHING IN SECONDARY EDUCATION  

E-print Network

Review Copy IMPROVING DATABASE DESIGN TEACHING IN SECONDARY EDUCATION: ACTION RESEARCH Education, University of Patras, 26500, Patras, GREECE. Abstract Database design and use has educational interest for utilitarian and learning reasons. Database technology has significant economic impact

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

290

Computer Science Today in the European Union  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article attempts to paint a picture of computer science (CS) today in the 15 European Union countries. We focus on the EU countries rather than Western Europe as a whole because of the availability of EU statistical data. We hope to give a general view of how EU computer science (called informatics in many EU countries) research and development compares to that in the US, within the context of general scientific research and education in the EU.

Forbes, Nancy; Messina, Paul

2008-06-07

291

Southern African Treatment Resistance Network (SATuRN) RegaDB HIV drug resistance and clinical management database: supporting patient management, surveillance and research in southern Africa.  

PubMed

Substantial amounts of data have been generated from patient management and academic exercises designed to better understand the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic and design interventions to control it. A number of specialized databases have been designed to manage huge data sets from HIV cohort, vaccine, host genomic and drug resistance studies. Besides databases from cohort studies, most of the online databases contain limited curated data and are thus sequence repositories. HIV drug resistance has been shown to have a great potential to derail the progress made thus far through antiretroviral therapy. Thus, a lot of resources have been invested in generating drug resistance data for patient management and surveillance purposes. Unfortunately, most of the data currently available relate to subtype B even though >60% of the epidemic is caused by HIV-1 subtype C. A consortium of clinicians, scientists, public health experts and policy markers working in southern Africa came together and formed a network, the Southern African Treatment and Resistance Network (SATuRN), with the aim of increasing curated HIV-1 subtype C and tuberculosis drug resistance data. This article describes the HIV-1 data curation process using the SATuRN Rega database. The data curation is a manual and time-consuming process done by clinical, laboratory and data curation specialists. Access to the highly curated data sets is through applications that are reviewed by the SATuRN executive committee. Examples of research outputs from the analysis of the curated data include trends in the level of transmitted drug resistance in South Africa, analysis of the levels of acquired resistance among patients failing therapy and factors associated with the absence of genotypic evidence of drug resistance among patients failing therapy. All these studies have been important for informing first- and second-line therapy. This database is a free password-protected open source database available on www.bioafrica.net. Database URL: http://www.bioafrica.net/regadb/ PMID:24504151

Manasa, Justen; Lessells, Richard; Rossouw, Theresa; Naidu, Kevindra; Van Vuuren, Cloete; Goedhals, Dominique; van Zyl, Gert; Bester, Armand; Skingsley, Andrew; Stott, Katharine; Danaviah, Siva; Chetty, Terusha; Singh, Lavanya; Moodley, Pravi; Iwuji, Collins; McGrath, Nuala; Seebregts, Christopher J; de Oliveira, Tulio

2014-01-01

292

Moving and union dissolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the effect of migration and residential mobility on union dissolution among married and cohabiting couples.\\u000a Moving is a stressful life event, and a large, multidisciplinary literature has shown that family migration often benefits\\u000a one partner (usually the man) more than the other. Even so, no study to date has examined the possible impact of within-nation\\u000a geographical mobility

Paul J. Boyle; Hill. Kulu; Vernon. Gayle; Clara Helena. Mulder

2008-01-01

293

Alaska Geothermal Sites Map and Database: Bringing together legacy and new geothermal data for research, exploration and development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Geothermal exploration activities in Alaska from the late 1970s into the 1980s generated vast quantities of scientific data that currently is in unpublished, forgotten and obscure, as well as published formats. Alaska has 61 hot springs (hotter than 50C) and 34 'warm to cool springs' (cooler than 50C). Thirty-seven thermal springs are located within the Aleutian and Alaska Peninsula volcanic arc into and are related to elevated heat flows in areas of arc volcanism as well as crustal scale faults associated with accretionary tectonism. The central interior belt that extends from the Seward Peninsula to Circle Hot Springs contains 37 thermal springs that formed due to mostly extensional tectonic forces. An additional 17 thermal springs are in southeast Alaska and 4 are in the Wrangell Mountains. A new cycle of geothermal exploration is underway in Alaska and is producing a wealth of new geothermal data. The Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys (ADGGS), funded by the National Geothermal Data System, is compiling both new and legacy geothermal data into a comprehensive database accessible on the ADGGS website. ADGGS has created a new ';Geothermal Sites of Alaska Map' and associated database that includes data on geothermal hot springs, direct use of geothermal resources, volcanic vents, aqueous geochemistry, borehole temperatures, core descriptions, rock chemistry, earthquakes in proximity to hot springs, and active faults. Geothermal hot springs includes locality, temperature, flow rate, sources and related resources. Direct use of geothermal resources contains facilities, capacity, energy use, temperature, flow rate and contact information from geothermal hot springs that are or have recently been used for recreational use, space heating, agricultural or energy use. Volcanic vents records 395 volcanic vents and fumaroles throughout the state that are Holocene or younger. It includes their age, location, elevation, geologic history, composition, and information source. Aqueous geochemistry, a compilation of aqueous chemistry, free gas and isotopes analyses. Aqueous geochemical analyses consist of 407 aqueous geochemical analyses from 85 geothermal sites throughout Alaska. This template also includes 106 free gas analyses from 31 geothermal sites. Isotopic analyses (285) of waters from 42 geothermal sites are also contained in this geochemical data. Borehole temperature data from geothermal, and oil and gas wells are presented along with thermal depth profiles where available. Earthquakes in proximity to hot springs consists of 1,975 earthquakes that are within 5 km of thermal hot springs and may be used to detect underground movement of thermal waters. Active faults comprises active faults across Alaska (1,527) including fault type, location, orientation and slip rate. Additionally, a new comprehensive and searchable Alaska geothermal bibliography, with links to downloadable reference sources was created during this study. The completed Alaska geothermal sites map and database will be accessible to the public and industry and will enable research and development of geothermal sites in Alaska.

Clough, J. G.; Harun, N. T.; Hughes, C. A.; Weakland, J. R.; Cameron, C. E.

2013-12-01

294

Accelerating ultrasound image analysis research through publically available database Vikas Revanna Shivaprabhu, Andinet Enquobahrie, Zach Mullen, Stephen Aylward  

E-print Network

with lung lesions marked by up to four radiologists [LIDC]. Image archive of CT lung cancer patients is made of the recorded US image. 2. METHOD To generate publicly available database, we used a TeleMed Ultrasound System

Stetten, George

295

FACILITY DATABASE  

Cancer.gov

January 2008 LASP FACILTY Database Form 5.000 Issue Reporting Form This form is used to report data and/or program related issues regarding the FACILITY database, Supplemental, or the LASP Online Access System. Before submitting this form,

296

Biofuel Database  

National Institute of Standards and Technology Data Gateway

Biofuel Database (Web, free access) This database brings together structural, biological, and thermodynamic data for enzymes that are either in current use or are being considered for use in the production of biofuels.

297

Database management research for the Human Genome Project: Progress report, 7/1/96-3/15/97  

SciTech Connect

Progress is reported on the development of software that works in conjunction with database management systems (DBMSs) in ways that are useful for genomics. This new release of LabBase has two major advantages over the previous version, namely it runs on the Sybase relational DBMS rather than ObjectStore and offers more complete data modeling features than the previous version so is suitable for more kinds of genetic databases.

Goodman, N.

1997-03-01

298

CISC controls and the union/non-union wage ratio  

E-print Network

. The estimating equation specified, then, is of the following form: (1) lnWij= c o ClUij + c2U2ij + c 3 (%AU)ij + c4V j + c5R j + c6Mij + c7Bij + c8C +. . . + cnC + eij; where lnW - - natural og of union + non-union craft wages U - - percent unionized V...

Shulenburger, David E.; McLean, Robert A.; Rasch, Sara B.

1984-06-01

299

Health care utilization and medical costs for childhood asthma in Taiwan: using Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database.  

PubMed

Asthma is an important health problem worldwide and the prevalence is increasing in most part of the world. The burden of this disease to governments, health-care systems, and patients and their families have been greater more than ever despite efforts advocated by Global Initiative for Asthma for total asthma controls. Using Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, in this review, the population-based prospective studies showed the costs and health care utilization of childhood asthma in Taiwan was 2 folds higher than non-asthmatic children, and the prescription patterns of anti-asthmatic medications among physician in different discipline were all far from satisfied. The appropriateness of combinational therapy of inhaled corticosteroids and long acting ?-agonists for moderate to severe childhood asthma was only 62%. In a government-sponsored disease management program for asthmatic patients within national health insurance, though the total mean costs (26.5%) and outpatient costs (26.1%) increased, the mean emergency department visits and hospitalization rates were significantly reduced by 34.4% and 51.74%, respectively, compared to the previous year. Therefore, in the real-world situation, asthmatic patients as well as medical professions who take care of asthmatic children still have much space for their symptoms controls and knowledge improvement to reduce the burden of asthma. From the experience of care and management of childhood asthma in Taiwan may reveal same problems of childhood asthma care in the similar cultural and ecological environments of Asian pacific countries, and suggest government-sponsored program may also have significant impact aimed at improving the care of patients with asthma. PMID:22872818

Wang, Jiu-Yao; Liu, Li-Fan

2012-07-01

300

Database Administrator  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Internet and electronic commerce (e-commerce) generate lots of data. Data must be stored, organized, and managed. Database administrators, or DBAs, work with database software to find ways to do this. They identify user needs, set up computer databases, and test systems. They ensure that systems perform as they should and add people to the

Moore, Pam

2010-01-01

301

Community Research and Development Information Service (CORDIS)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Acting as part of the European Commission's INNOVATION Programme, the Community Research and Development Information Service (CORDIS) provides information on European Union research, development, and innovation activities to help strengthen the competitiveness of European organizations, particularly small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). CORDIS's ten searchable databases covering various news and research publications, EU-funded research programs, and organizational contact and partnership directories are designed to help SMEs find data and funding. An Acronym dictionary of EU research and development terms aids search navigation, and key pages are available in English, French, German, and Italian.

302

Databases for LDEF results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

One of the objectives of the team supporting the LDEF Systems and Materials Special Investigative Groups is to develop databases of experimental findings. These databases identify the hardware flown, summarize results and conclusions, and provide a system for acknowledging investigators, tracing sources of data, and future design suggestions. To date, databases covering the optical experiments, and thermal control materials (chromic acid anodized aluminum, silverized Teflon blankets, and paints) have been developed at Boeing. We used the Filemaker Pro software, the database manager for the Macintosh computer produced by the Claris Corporation. It is a flat, text-retrievable database that provides access to the data via an intuitive user interface, without tedious programming. Though this software is available only for the Macintosh computer at this time, copies of the databases can be saved to a format that is readable on a personal computer as well. Further, the data can be exported to more powerful relational databases, capabilities, and use of the LDEF databases and describe how to get copies of the database for your own research.

Bohnhoff-Hlavacek, Gail

1992-01-01

303

Trends in the prevalence and management of atrial fibrillation in general practice in England and Wales, 19941998: analysis of data from the general practice research database  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVETo determine the prevalence of atrial fibrillation in England and Wales, and examine trends in its treatment with warfarin and aspirin between 1994 and 1998.DESIGNAnalysis of data from the general practice research database.SETTINGEngland and Wales.PATIENTS1.4 million patients registered with 211 general practices.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURESAge and sex specific prevalence rates of atrial fibrillation; percentage of patients with atrial fibrillation treated with

A Majeed; K Moser; K Carroll

2001-01-01

304

European speech databases for telephone applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The SpeechDat project aims to produce speech databases for all official languages of the European Union and some major dialectal variants and minority languages resulting in 28 speech databases. They will be recorded over fixed and mobile telephone networks. This will provide a realistic basis for training and assessment of both isolated and continuous-speech utterances, employing whole-word or subword approaches,

H. Hoge; H. S. Tropf; R. Winski; H. van den Heuvel; R. Haeb-Umbach; K. Choukri

1997-01-01

305

The LISS-A Public Database of Common Imaging Signs of Lung Diseases for Computer-Aided Detection and Diagnosis Research and Medical Education.  

PubMed

Lung CT imaging signs play important roles in the diagnosis of lung diseases. In this paper, we review the significance of CT imaging signs in disease diagnosis and determine the inclusion criterion of CT scans and CT imaging signs of our database. We develop the software of abnormal regions annotation and design the storage scheme of CT images and annotation data. Then we present a publicly available database of Lung CT Imaging Signs, called LISS for short, which contains 271 CT scans and 677 abnormal regions in them. The 677 abnormal regions are divided into 9 categories of common CT Imaging Signs of Lung disease (CISLs). The ground truth of these CISLs regions and the corresponding categories are provided. Furthermore, to make the database publicly available, all private data in CT scans are eliminated or replaced with provisioned values. The main characteristic of our LISS database is that it is developed from a new perspective of CT imaging signs of lung diseases instead of commonly considered lung nodules. Thus it is promising to apply to computer-aided detection and diagnosis (CAD) research and medical education. PMID:25330480

Han, Guanghui; Liu, Xiabi; Han, Feifei; Santika, I Nyoman Tenaya; Zhao, Yanfeng; Zhao, Xinming; Zhou, Chunwu

2014-10-15

306

75 FR 81378 - Fiduciary Duties at Federal Credit Unions; Mergers and Conversions of Insured Credit Unions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION 12 CFR Parts 701, 708a...RIN 3133-AD40 Fiduciary Duties at Federal Credit Unions; Mergers and Conversions of Insured Credit Unions AGENCY: National Credit Union...

2010-12-28

307

The Rise of the Conglomerate Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses two cases, Germany and The Netherlands, whose systems of trade unionism have historically shared a number of characteristics, in particular a commitment to industrial unionism. In both countries a profound transformation of union organization is under way, affecting in particular the demarcation of union domains; the relationships between unions with respect to their division of representational territory

Wolfgang Streeck; Jelle Visser

1997-01-01

308

News Music: Here comes science that rocks Student trip: Two views of the future of CERN Classroom: Researchers can motivate pupils Appointment: AstraZeneca trust appoints new director Multimedia: Physics Education comes to YouTube Competition: Students compete in European Union Science Olympiad 2010 Physics roadshow: Pupils see wonders of physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Music: Here comes science that rocks Student trip: Two views of the future of CERN Classroom: Researchers can motivate pupils Appointment: AstraZeneca trust appoints new director Multimedia: Physics Education comes to YouTube Competition: Students compete in European Union Science Olympiad 2010 Physics roadshow: Pupils see wonders of physics

2010-07-01

309

Government & Social Science Information: European Union Collections Bibliography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of California-Berkeley Library's Government and Social Science Information Service (GSSI) has developed this Web site relating to European Union (EU) information. The GSSI Research Guide on The European Union is a bibliography of over 35 information sources held by GSSI. It includes resources on directories, current information, statistics, indexes, bibliographies, legislation, and subject reports. While not all resources have hypertext links, the guide is still an excellent starting point for EU information.

1995-01-01

310

The Tinnitus Research Initiative (TRI) database: A new approach for delineation of tinnitus subtypes and generation of predictors for treatment outcome  

PubMed Central

Tinnitus, the phantom perception of sound, is a frequent disorder that causes significant morbidity and treatment is elusive. A large variety of different treatment options have been proposed and from most of them some patients benefit. However, a particular treatment that helps one patient may fail for others. This suggests that there are different forms of tinnitus which differ in their pathophysiology and their response to specific treatments. Therefore, it is a major challenge for tinnitus treatment to identify the most promising therapy for a specific patient. However, most published clinical treatment studies have enrolled only relatively small patient samples, making it difficult to identify predictors of treatment response for specific approaches. Furthermore, inter-study comparability is limited because of varying methods of tinnitus assessment and different outcome parameters. Performing clinical trials according to standardized methodology and pooling the data in a database should facilitate both clinical subtypisation of different forms of tinnitus, and identification of promising treatments for different types of tinnitus. This would be an important step towards the goal of individualized treatment of tinnitus. For these reasons, an international database of tinnitus patients, who undergo specific treatments, and are assessed during the course of this treatment with standardized instruments (e.g., psychoacoustic measures, questionnaires) has been established. The primary objectives of this database are (1) collecting a standardized set of data on patient characteristics, treatments, and outcomes from tinnitus patients consulting specialized tinnitus clinics all over the world (at present 13 centers in 8 countries), (2) delineating different subtypes of tinnitus based on data that has been systematically collected and (3) identifying predictors for individual treatment response based on the clinical profile. Starting in 2008, the database currently contains data from more than 400 patients. It is expected that more centers will join the project and that the patient numbers will rapidly grow, so that this international database will further facilitate future research and contribute to the development of evidence based on individualized treatment. PMID:20682024

2010-01-01

311

Toward a More Perfect Union  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores school districts such as New Haven (Connecticut) Public Schools, whose local union is an American Federation of Teachers (AFT) affiliate and where a shared concern for students has trumped the often adversarial union-management relationship. The author discusses what makes the successful contract negotiations headed by David

Schachter, Ron

2010-01-01

312

Teacher Unionization in School Governance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of unions in school governance is reviewed to note that labor operates in a larger context of principal-agent relationships. As agents for teachers, unions articulate the concerns that must be addressed if teachers are to be successfully enlisted in the struggle to reduce achievement gaps among at-risk students. Transcending industrial

Jacoby, Dan

2011-01-01

313

Paver Program Oklahoma Memorial Union  

E-print Network

Paver Program Oklahoma Memorial Union The UniversiTy of oklahoma Alumni Association Pave the Way in the Oklahoma Memorial Union Courtyard. Now you can. The UniversiTy of oklahoma Alumni Association 900 Asp Ave of Oklahoma is an equal opportunity institution. This brochure was printed at no cost to the taxpayers

Oklahoma, University of

314

A plant resource and experiment management system based on the Golm Plant Database as a basic tool for omics research  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: For omics experiments, detailed characterisation of experimental material with respect to its genetic features, its cultivation history and its treatment history is a requirement for analyses by bioinformatics tools and for publication needs. Furthermore, meta-analysis of several experiments in systems biology based approaches make it necessary to store this information in a standardised manner, preferentially in relational databases. In

Karin I Khl; Georg Basler; Alexander Ldemann; Joachim Selbig; Dirk Walther

2008-01-01

315

1998 Oxford University Press170176 Nucleic Acids Research, 1998, Vol. 26, No. 1 U-insertion/deletion Edited Sequence Database  

E-print Network

and Developmental Biology, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1662, USA, 3Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology-insertion/deletion Edited Sequence Database Larry Simpson1,2,3,*, Shirley H. Wang1, Otavio H. Thiemann2, Juan D. Alfonzo1, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA, 4Department of Biology, University of California

Simpson, Larry

316

Janssen Research Foundation's Adverse Experience Literature Database: A User-Centered Design for Human-Computer Interaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper will first discuss user-centered design factors and how they should be addressed. This will be followed by the actual Janssen experience in successfully designing and building its adverse experience literature database. It will then highlight criteria for the evaluation of information retrieval systems. The Janssen experience serves as an example that such user-centered design factors can be easily

Peter Wang

1993-01-01

317

Physical database design for relational databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the concepts used in the implementation of DBDSGN, an experimental physical design tool for relational databases developed at the IBM San Jose Research Laboratory. Given a workload for System R (consisting of a set of SQL statements and their execution frequencies), DBDSGN suggests physical configurations for efficient performance. Each configuration consists of a set of indices and

Sheldon J. Finkelstein; Mario Schkolnick; Paolo Tiberio

1988-01-01

318

Speechdat multilingual speech databases for teleservices: across the finish line  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of the SpeechDat project is to develop spoken language resources for speech recognisers s uited to realise voice driven teleservices. SpeechDat created speech databases for all official languages of the European Union and some major dialectal varieties and minority languages. The size of the databases ranges between 500 and 5000 speakers. In total 20 d atabases are recorded

Harald Hge; Christoph Draxler; Henk van den Heuvel; Finn Tore Johansen; Eric Sanders; Herbert S. Tropf

1999-01-01

319

32 CFR 643.116 - Credit unions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Credit unions. 643.116 Section 643.116 National...Authority of Commanders 643.116 Credit unions. The establishment of credit unions on Army installations is governed by AR...

2010-07-01

320

Trade Unions and the Economics Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contends that a realistic approach to teaching economics requires learning about trade unions. Presents a role play of a trade union meeting that helps students think about how trade unions tackle problems. (BSR)

Veale, Sarah

1987-01-01

321

Ecomp Executive Compensation Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Ecomp Executive Compensation Database allows users to research the compensation and net-worth of executives. Users may search the database by company name or ticker symbol, as well as by state, sector, and industry pull-down menus. Search returns list compensation summaries for the top executives, including salary, bonus, and total compensation. Clicking on the executive's name will give a more detailed summary, including restricted stock, LTIP payouts, and value realized for options exercised. All numbers are for 1999.

322

Virus Information Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Symantec Corporation's AntiVirus Research Center has recently released a virus information database that includes over 10,000 computer viruses. The searchable and browseable database can include information about aliases for each virus, infection length, area of infection, likelihood of infection, region reported, characteristics, target platform and target date, in addition to a brief description of how the virus works. The site also provides a basic tutorial on viruses. Symantec, under the Norton name, produces several anti-virus products.

323

Protein Databases on the Internet  

PubMed Central

Protein databases have become a crucial part of modern biology. Huge amounts of data for protein structures, functions, and particularly sequences are being generated. Searching databases is often the first step in the study of a new protein. Comparison between proteins or between protein families provides information about the relationship between proteins within a genome or across different species, and hence offers much more information than can be obtained by studying only an isolated protein. In addition, secondary databases derived from experimental databases are also widely available. These databases reorganize and annotate the data or provide predictions. The use of multiple databases often helps researchers understand the structure and function of a protein. Although some protein databases are widely known, they are far from being fully utilized in the protein science community. This unit provides a starting point for readers to explore the potential of protein databases on the Internet. PMID:18265344

Xu, Dong

2012-01-01

324

Database Manager  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is normal practice today for organizations to store large quantities of records of related information as computer-based files or databases. Purposeful information is retrieved by performing queries on the data sets. The purpose of DATABASE MANAGER is to communicate to students the method by which the computer performs these queries. This

Martin, Andrew

2010-01-01

325

Differences among Teachers' Perceptions of School Climate: Does Support for the Local Teacher Union Make a Difference?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although some school improvement literature has suggested that schools will improve when unions are removed from the school system, unions have rarely been isolated in the research. This study involved a mixed method case study approach to explore whether support of the local teacher union affected perceptions of school climate, as measured by the

Griffith, Jason S.

2009-01-01

326

Tomato Genomic Resources Database: An Integrated Repository of Useful Tomato Genomic Information for Basic and Applied Research  

PubMed Central

Tomato Genomic Resources Database (TGRD) allows interactive browsing of tomato genes, micro RNAs, simple sequence repeats (SSRs), important quantitative trait loci and Tomato-EXPEN 2000 genetic map altogether or separately along twelve chromosomes of tomato in a single window. The database is created using sequence of the cultivar Heinz 1706. High quality single nucleotide polymorphic (SNP) sites between the genes of Heinz 1706 and the wild tomato S. pimpinellifolium LA1589 are also included. Genes are classified into different families. 5?-upstream sequences (5?-US) of all the genes and their tissue-specific expression profiles are provided. Sequences of the microRNA loci and their putative target genes are catalogued. Genes and 5?-US show presence of SSRs and SNPs. SSRs located in the genomic, genic and 5?-US can be analysed separately for the presence of any particular motif. Primer sequences for all the SSRs and flanking sequences for all the genic SNPs have been provided. TGRD is a user-friendly web-accessible relational database and uses CMAP viewer for graphical scanning of all the features. Integration and graphical presentation of important genomic information will facilitate better and easier use of tomato genome. TGRD can be accessed as an open source repository at http://59.163.192.91/tomato2/. PMID:24466070

Suresh, B. Venkata; Roy, Riti; Sahu, Kamlesh; Misra, Gopal; Chattopadhyay, Debasis

2014-01-01

327

RWC Music Database: Music genre database and musical instrument sound database  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the design policy and specifications of the RWC Music Database, a copyright-cleared mu- sic database (DB) compiled specifically for research pur- poses. Shared DBs are common in other research fields and have made significant contributions to progress in those fields. The field of music information processing, however, has lacked a common DB of musical pieces or a

Masataka Goto; Hiroki Hashiguchi; Ryuichi Ok; Ryuichi Oka

2003-01-01

328

Software for pest-management science: computer models and databases from the United States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service.  

PubMed

We present an overview of USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) computer models and databases related to pest-management science, emphasizing current developments in environmental risk assessment and management simulation models. The ARS has a unique national interdisciplinary team of researchers in surface and sub-surface hydrology, soil and plant science, systems analysis and pesticide science, who have networked to develop empirical and mechanistic computer models describing the behavior of pests, pest responses to controls and the environmental impact of pest-control methods. Historically, much of this work has been in support of production agriculture and in support of the conservation programs of our 'action agency' sister, the Natural Resources Conservation Service (formerly the Soil Conservation Service). Because we are a public agency, our software/database products are generally offered without cost, unless they are developed in cooperation with a private-sector cooperator. Because ARS is a basic and applied research organization, with development of new science as our highest priority, these products tend to be offered on an 'as-is' basis with limited user support except for cooperating R&D relationship with other scientists. However, rapid changes in the technology for information analysis and communication continually challenge our way of doing business. PMID:12846319

Wauchope, R Don; Ahuja, Lajpat R; Arnold, Jeffrey G; Bingner, Ron; Lowrance, Richard; van Genuchten, Martinus T; Adams, Larry D

2003-01-01

329

European Monetary Union  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The EMU site was created by a group of students at the King's Hospital Secondary School in Palmerston, Dublin, Ireland. Their site discusses the potential positive and negative effects of the EMU, popular opinion on the Euro, and the possible side effects for Ireland, which will join, when its neighbor Britain does not join. After months of doubt and political difficulties in France, Germany, and most recently, Italy, it now appears that the unified European currency, the Euro, will indeed begin on January 1, 1999 to replace the national currencies of as many as 10 or 11 countries. The path to a unified currency is by no means smooth, however. Many European Union member states are finding it politically difficult to reduce their budget deficit to 3 percent of gross domestic product and other states, such as Britain and Denmark, are choosing to remain out for now regardless. On the other hand, European economic growth will apparently exceed earlier expectations, allowing leaders to use increased tax revenues instead of cutting social services to qualify.

330

Nuclear Science References Database  

E-print Network

The Nuclear Science References (NSR) database together with its associated Web interface, is the world's only comprehensive source of easily accessible low- and intermediate-energy nuclear physics bibliographic information for more than 210,000 articles since the beginning of nuclear science. The weekly-updated NSR database provides essential support for nuclear data evaluation, compilation and research activities. The principles of the database and Web application development and maintenance are described. Examples of nuclear structure, reaction and decay applications are specifically included. The complete NSR database is freely available at the websites of the National Nuclear Data Center http://www.nndc.bnl.gov/nsr and the International Atomic Energy Agency http://www-nds.iaea.org/nsr.

B. Pritychenko; E. B?tk; B. Singh; J. Totans

2014-07-08

331

The Gymnosperm Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This database is a fabulous resource for students and researchers of conifers, cycads, and their allies; it was created by Dr. Christopher J. Earle, a dendrochronologist and doctorate of the University of Washington. The user enters the taxonomic database at the highest level, Order and Family, and can then navigate to Species (or sometimes Variety) levels. At each level, information on the taxon is provided, along with bibliographic citations. In addition to the gymnosperm database, the site provides a links page with pointers to bibliographic databases, virtual image galleries and other resources. Special sections on gymnosperms of Alta California, gymnosperms of Sichuan, tree age determination, paleobotany of Australia and New Zealand conifers, and podocarp forests of south-west New Zealand further complement the site.

332

Nuclear Science References Database  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Nuclear Science References (NSR) database together with its associated Web interface, is the world's only comprehensive source of easily accessible low- and intermediate-energy nuclear physics bibliographic information for more than 210,000 articles since the beginning of nuclear science. The weekly-updated NSR database provides essential support for nuclear data evaluation, compilation and research activities. The principles of the database and Web application development and maintenance are described. Examples of nuclear structure, reaction and decay applications are specifically included. The complete NSR database is freely available at the websites of the National Nuclear Data Center http://www.nndc.bnl.gov/nsr and the International Atomic Energy Agency http://www-nds.iaea.org/nsr.

Pritychenko, B.; B?tk, E.; Singh, B.; Totans, J.

2014-06-01

333

Biological Databases for Behavioral Neurobiology  

PubMed Central

Databases are, at their core, abstractions of data and their intentionally derived relationships. They serve as a central organizing metaphor and repository, supporting or augmenting nearly all bioinformatics. Behavioral domains provide a unique stage for contemporary databases, as research in this area spans diverse data types, locations, and data relationships. This chapter provides foundational information on the diversity and prevalence of databases, how data structures support the various needs of behavioral neuroscience analysis and interpretation. The focus is on the classes of databases, data curation, and advanced applications in bioinformatics using examples largely drawn from research efforts in behavioral neuroscience. PMID:23195119

Baker, Erich J.

2014-01-01

334

Presidential State of Union Addresses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For Internauts interested in historical perspective, a selected archive of State of the Union messages of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, along with a complete archive of messages from 1913 is available at the Northwestern University Political Science site.

President., United S.

335

The Leadership Cluster Memorial Union  

E-print Network

The Leadership Cluster Memorial Union Student Leadership and Involvement Student Media Something New @ OSU #12;Access Diversity "Leadership/Citizenship" Community Connection Health & Wellness Housing & Dining Administrative Leadership #12;Student Leadership & Involvement SLI-Activities Program Club

Escher, Christine

336

USGS Biologist Elected Fellow of the American Ornithologists' Union  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

Dr. Gary Krapu, U.S. Geological Survey scientist and Dickey County, N.D. native, was recently elected Fellow of the American Ornithologists' Union for his exceptional contributions to ornithology through research, conservation efforts, and education. Krapu, a wildlife research biologist at th...

337

Sexual Frequency and the Stability of Marital and Cohabiting Unions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior research found that lower sexual frequency and satisfaction were associated with higher rates of divorce, but little research had examined the role of sexual activity in the dissolution of cohabiting unions. We drew upon social exchange theory to hypothesize why sexual frequency is more important in cohabitation: (a) cohabitors' lower costs

Yabiku, Scott T.; Gager, Constance T.

2009-01-01

338

Glycoproteomic and glycomic databases  

PubMed Central

Protein glycosylation serves critical roles in the cellular and biological processes of many organisms. Aberrant glycosylation has been associated with many illnesses such as hereditary and chronic diseases like cancer, cardiovascular diseases, neurological disorders, and immunological disorders. Emerging mass spectrometry (MS) technologies that enable the high-throughput identification of glycoproteins and glycans have accelerated the analysis and made possible the creation of dynamic and expanding databases. Although glycosylation-related databases have been established by many laboratories and institutions, they are not yet widely known in the community. Our study reviews 15 different publicly available databases and identifies their key elements so that users can identify the most applicable platform for their analytical needs. These databases include biological information on the experimentally identified glycans and glycopeptides from various cells and organisms such as human, rat, mouse, fly and zebrafish. The features of these databases - 7 for glycoproteomic data, 6 for glycomic data, and 2 for glycan binding proteins are summarized including the enrichment techniques that are used for glycoproteome and glycan identification. Furthermore databases such as Unipep, GlycoFly, GlycoFish recently established by our group are introduced. The unique features of each database, such as the analytical methods used and bioinformatical tools available are summarized. This information will be a valuable resource for the glycobiology community as it presents the analytical methods and glycosylation related databases together in one compendium. It will also represent a step towards the desired long term goal of integrating the different databases of glycosylation in order to characterize and categorize glycoproteins and glycans better for biomedical research. PMID:24725457

2014-01-01

339

Tsunami Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Tsunami Database is a global digital database containing information on more than 2000 tsunamis maintained by the National Geophysical Data Center. This is an interactive site; the user is asked to enter search parameters such as date, latitude and longitude, cause of the tsunami - earthquake, landslide, volcano, or all combined - magnitude, and death. Information is then generated on tsunamis that match that data. The National Geophysical Data Center also maintains an historic slide set collection of tsunami damage.

340

How Unions Can Use the Internet  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The latest Internet guide from the Catherwood Library at Cornell University's School of Industrial and Labor Relations examines the ways in which unions and union members can utilize the Internet. The guide gives an introduction to unions on the Web, explains the difference between the Internet and the World Wide Web, and offers online resources that would be of use to unions. A large section explaining the benefits of having a union Website, which includes examples of well-designed union Websites and guidelines for creating union sites, is included as is an article on the pitfalls of using company email to organize.

Joseph, Deborah.

341

The institutional transfer from the European Union member states to the former Soviet Union countries  

E-print Network

The institutional transfer from the European Union member states to the former Soviet Union from European Union (EU) member states to the former Soviet Union countries (FSUC). Since 1991, ex such as the World Health Organisation (WHO), the World Bank or the European Union? Did countries like the United

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

342

European Union Scandal  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week's In the News examines the recent high-level corruption scandal in the European Union. Last Tuesday, the European Commission -- the executive body that initiates and implements EU legislation -- resigned en masse, plunging the supranational organization into unprecedented political chaos. All 20 commissioners, led by commission President Jacques Santer of Luxembourg, abdicated their positions the day after the release of a scathing report by the Committee of Independent Experts. The independent panel of experts, who were appointed by the European Parliament, had investigated allegations of bureaucratic malfeasance perpetrated by the European Commission. The committee's report collectively accused the commission of financial "fraud, mismanagement, and nepotism." In the wake of the incriminating report and subsequent resignations, EU foreign ministers are scrambling to find successors for the commissioners to placate the bewildered European citizenry and return to business as usual. This political upheaval happened at a crucial transitional time in the EU's 42-year history, undermining its credibility at a time when it plans to expand into eastern Europe. The current tumult occurred just three months after launching a new unified currency, seven weeks before the new Treaty of Amsterdam commences, and three months before the next European Parliamentary elections, which will determine the future composition of the EU's 626-member assembly. During the next two days, distracted leaders from all fifteen EU member states will meet in Berlin to discuss the reconstruction of the European Commission and formulate a seven-year budget for the entire EU, an organization with about 18,000 officials who administer nearly $100 billion annually. The eight resources discussed provide news, commentary, and analysis.

Osmond, Andrew.

343

Drinking Water Database  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This summer I had the opportunity to work in the Environmental Management Office (EMO) under the Chemical Sampling and Analysis Team or CS&AT. This team s mission is to support Glenn Research Center (GRC) and EM0 by providing chemical sampling and analysis services and expert consulting. Services include sampling and chemical analysis of water, soil, fbels, oils, paint, insulation materials, etc. One of this team s major projects is the Drinking Water Project. This is a project that is done on Glenn s water coolers and ten percent of its sink every two years. For the past two summers an intern had been putting together a database for this team to record the test they had perform. She had successfully created a database but hadn't worked out all the quirks. So this summer William Wilder (an intern from Cleveland State University) and I worked together to perfect her database. We began be finding out exactly what every member of the team thought about the database and what they would change if any. After collecting this data we both had to take some courses in Microsoft Access in order to fix the problems. Next we began looking at what exactly how the database worked from the outside inward. Then we began trying to change the database but we quickly found out that this would be virtually impossible.

Murray, ShaTerea R.

2004-01-01

344

The Molecular Biology Database Collection: 2005 update.  

PubMed

The Nucleic Acids Research Molecular Biology Database Collection is a public online resource that lists the databases described in this and previous issues of Nucleic Acids Research together with other databases of value to the biologist and available throughout the world. All databases included in this Collection are freely available to the public. The 2005 update includes 719 databases, 171 more than the 2004 one. The databases are organized in a hierarchical classification that simplifies the process of finding the right database for any given task. The growing number of databases related to immunology, plant and organelle research have been accommodated by separating them into three new categories. The database summaries provide brief descriptions of the databases, contact details, appropriate references and acknowledgements. The online summaries also serve as a venue for the maintainers of each database to introduce database updates and other improvements in the scope and tools. These updates are particularly important for those databases that have not been described in print in the recent past. The database list and summaries are available online at the Nucleic Acids Research web site, http://nar.oupjournals.org/. PMID:15608247

Galperin, Michael Y

2005-01-01

345

COST ESTIMATION TECHNIQUES FOR DATABASE SYSTEMS  

E-print Network

COST ESTIMATION TECHNIQUES FOR DATABASE SYSTEMS By Ashraf Aboulnaga A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED Abstract This dissertation is about developing advanced selectivity and cost estimation techniques trends in database research: estimating the cost of spatial selections, building histograms without

Aboulnaga, Ashraf

346

Data Quality of Native XML Databases in the Healthcare Domain  

E-print Network

are not foolproof. This report reviews work on data quality in both database and management research areas research works of data quality in relational databases and XML databases but also show how very little Key Words and Phrases: data quality, health care, native XML databases 1. INTRODUCTION This research

North, Siobhán

347

75 FR 17083 - Fiduciary Duties at Federal Credit Unions; Mergers and Conversions of Insured Credit Unions...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION 12 CFR Parts 701, 708a, and 708b Fiduciary Duties at Federal Credit Unions; Mergers and Conversions of Insured Credit Unions; Correction AGENCY: National Credit...

2010-04-05

348

Giving Raw Data a Chance to Talk: A Demonstration of Exploratory Visual Analytics with a Pediatric Research Database Using Microsoft Live Labs Pivot to Promote Cohort Discovery, Research, and Quality Assessment  

PubMed Central

Secondary use of large and open data sets provides researchers with an opportunity to address high-impact questions that would otherwise be prohibitively expensive and time consuming to study. Despite the availability of data, generating hypotheses from huge data sets is often challenging, and the lack of complex analysis of data might lead to weak hypotheses. To overcome these issues and to assist researchers in building hypotheses from raw data, we are working on a visual and analytical platform called PRD Pivot. PRD Pivot is a de-identified pediatric research database designed to make secondary use of rich data sources, such as the electronic health record (EHR). The development of visual analytics using Microsoft Live Labs Pivot makes the process of data elaboration, information gathering, knowledge generation, and complex information exploration transparent to tool users and provides researchers with the ability to sort and filter by various criteria, which can lead to strong, novel hypotheses. PMID:24808811

Viangteeravat, Teeradache; Nagisetty, Naga Satya V. Rao

2014-01-01

349

Databases and data mining  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Over the course of the past decade, the breadth of information that is made available through online resources for plant biology has increased astronomically, as have the interconnectedness among databases, online tools, and methods of data acquisition and analysis. For maize researchers, the numbe...

350

Eukaryotic Promoter Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Eukaryotic Promoter Database (EPD), developed at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel and currently maintained at the Swiss Institute for Experimental Cancer Research, is an annotated collection of eukaryotic POL II promoters intended to assist experimental researchers as well as computer analysts in the investigation of eukaryotic transcription signals. Promoters are included in EPD if they are recognized by eukaryotic RNA POL II, active in a higher eukaryote, experimentally defined or homologous and sufficiently similar to an experimentally defined promoter, biologically functional, available in the current EMBL release, and distinct from other promoters in the database. Database entries (searchable by organism, homology group, sequence, keywords, references, etc.) include promoter identifications and descriptions, information on the experimental evidence, various kinds of promoter classifications and regulatory properties, as well as bibliographic references and cross-references to other databases. The EPD Website also features yearly-updated base frequency matrices for major eukaryotic promoter elements, a user manual, and a link to a complementary database called EPDX, which allows users to view available gene expression data for human EPD promoters.

2007-07-16

351

American Geophysical Union  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Web site portrays AGU's role as a world wide scientific community devoted to the advancement of the "understanding of Earth and space for the benefit of humanity." Visitors can learn about AGU's numerous groups devoted to research in atmospheric and oceanic sciences, solid earth sciences, hydrology, and space science. Researchers will find information about upcoming meetings and how to submit abstracts. Everyone involved with publications may benefit from their ethical Guidelines to Publication of Geophysical Research. Interested visitors can also learn how to become a member of this longstanding nonprofit scientific organization.

352

INVADERS Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at the University of Montana and directed by Dr. Peter Rice, the INVADERS Database is "a comprehensive database of exotic plant names and weed distribution records for five states in the northwestern United States." Designed for use by land management and weed regulatory agencies, INVADERS uses a query interface (plant name or location) to sort and display information. Data are updated regularly so as to increase the chance of detecting and halting the rapid spread of alien weeds. Highlights of the site include the noxious weed listings for all US states and six Canadian provinces, historic distribution records against which to compare current plant distributions, and summary statistics such as the number of invasive species detected per state or a summary of the 120 year invasion, among others. The INVADERS database will prove both interesting and useful to managers and academics, alike.

353

CIS 330: Database Management Systems Course Number & Title (A.1) CIS 330: Database Management Systems  

E-print Network

CIS 330: Database Management Systems Course Number & Title (A.1) CIS 330: Database Management & Johannes Gehrke, Database Management Systems (third edition), McGraw Hill. Additional materials as handouts, e.g., research papers Catalog Description (A.5a) Introduction to database management systems

Plotkin, Joshua B.

354

Molecular Algorithms of Implementing Bio-molecular Databases on a Biological Computer.  

PubMed

In this paper, DNA algorithms are proposed to perform eight operations of relational algebra (calculus), which include Cartesian product, union, set difference, selection, projection, intersection, join, and division, on bio-molecular relational databases. PMID:25343766

Chang, Weng-Long; Vasilakos, Athanasios

2014-10-17

355

Similarity Search in Trajectory Databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trajectory Database (TD) management is a relatively new topic of database research, which has emerged due to the explosion of mobile devices and positioning technologies. Trajectory similarity search forms an important class of queries in TD with applications in trajectory data analysis and spatiotemporal knowledge discovery. In contrast to related works which make use of generic similarity metrics that virtually

Nikos Pelekis; Ioannis Kopanakis; Gerasimos Marketos; Irene Ntoutsi; Gennady L. Andrienko

2007-01-01

356

The Neisseria meningitidis Genome Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

TIGR, The Institute for Genomic Research, has released this online genome database in March 2000. The Neisseria meningitidis Genome Database, published by Tettelin et al. in Science (287:1809-1815, 2000), is provided at the Neisseria meningitidis Webpage, and offers the latest versions of sequence data and related annotation.

357

The Chlamydia pneumoniae Genome Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

TIGR, The Institute for Genomic Research, released this online genome database in March 2000. Published in Nuc. Acids Res. (28:1397-1406, 2000) by Read et al., the Chlamydia pneumoniae Genome Database page also offers the latest versions of sequence data and related annotation.

358

The Gay Peoples Union Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In the 1970s, The Gay Peoples Union was the most important gay and lesbian rights organization in Milwaukee. The Union started as a student group at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, and they eventually took a key role in working for social change in the contentious arena of educating the general public about homosexuality. This extremely valuable digital collection was created by the University of Wisconsin Digital Collections initiative, utilizing materials from the Division of Archives and Special Collections of the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Visitors to the site can make their way through copies of the Gay Peoples Union newsletter and also listen to the radio program, Gay Perspective. Users are welcome to also browse the textual and audio materials at their leisure.

359

The Molecular Biology Database Collection: 2006 update.  

PubMed

The NAR Molecular Biology Database Collection is a public online resource that contains links to all databases described in this issue of Nucleic Acids Research. In addition, this collection lists databases that have been featured in previous issues of NAR, as well as selected other databases that are freely available to the public and may be useful to the molecular biologist. The 2006 update includes 858 databases, 139 more than the previous one. The databases come with brief summaries, many of which have been updated recently. Each database is assigned a stable accession number that does not change if the database moves to a new location and its URL, authors' names or the contact person address are updated. The complete database list and summaries are available online at the Nucleic Acids Research website http://nar.oxfordjournals.org/. PMID:16381871

Galperin, Michael Y

2006-01-01

360

Alerting Humanitarians to Emergencies TOKYO, March 9 (Reuters) -Japan warned the European Union on Wednesday  

E-print Network

Alerting Humanitarians to Emergencies TOKYO, March 9 (Reuters) - Japan warned the European Union to construct the first thermonuclear reactor -- the European Union, Japan, China, the United States, Russia only Japan make a concession?" In Brussels on Monday, European Research Commissioner Janez Potocnik

361

Education for Organising in a Hot Climate: A Manufacturing Union's Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on research into a national education program within one of Australia's largest trade unions. The program was designed to assist the union's staff and elected officials respond to the rapidly changing industrial and political conditions in the manufacturing sector. It is ambitious in scope comprising sixteen modules that range

Brown, Tony

2006-01-01

362

The Burke Library Archives (Columbia University Libraries) Union Theological Seminary, New York  

E-print Network

The Burke Library Archives (Columbia University Libraries) Union Theological Seminary, New York Missionary Research Library Archives: Section 12 Finding Aid for Foreign Missions Conference of North America, series 2, The Burke Library Archives (Columbia University Libraries) at Union Theological Seminary, New

Salzman, Daniel

363

The Burke Library Archives (Columbia University Libraries) Union Theological Seminary, New York  

E-print Network

The Burke Library Archives (Columbia University Libraries) Union Theological Seminary, New York Missionary Research Library Archives: Section 3 Finding Aid for William Adams Brown Papers, 1912 ­ 1946 Papers, series 2, box 5, folder 9, The Burke Library Archives (Columbia University Libraries) at Union

Salzman, Daniel

364

The Burke Library Archives (Columbia University Libraries) Union Theological Seminary, New York  

E-print Network

The Burke Library Archives (Columbia University Libraries) Union Theological Seminary, New York Missionary Research Library Archives: Section 12 Finding Aid for Personnel Policies of Foreign Mission Boards Boards Records, box 5, folder 6, The Burke Library Archives (Columbia University Libraries) at Union

Salzman, Daniel

365

Transboundary Freshwater Dispute Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This collection of databases is intended to aid in the assessment of the process of water conflict prevention and resolution. The searchable collections include data such as case studies, freshwater treaties from 1820 to 2001, events concerning historical water relations from 1948 to 1999, a register of international river basins, and information on interstate water compacts in the United States. There is also spatial data on transboundary freshwater indicator variables, international river basins, and a map and image gallery. Other materials include links to the organization's publications and research projects, and a set of links to other databases and publications on freshwater conflict issues.

366

Mineralogy Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a large database of minerals that can be sorted either alphabetically or arranged systematically. Users can access minerals by name, elements, sulfides, halides, oxides, carbonates, sulfates, phosphates, silicates, organic minerals, or by variety. Once located, the properties of the mineral are displayed, including its chemical formula, crystal system, and location. Users can also access photos of minerals.

367

GLOBAL ECOSYSTEMS DATABASE: DATABASE DOCUMENTATION AND CD-ROM  

EPA Science Inventory

The primary objective of this cooperative research and development is to produce an integrated, quality controlled, global database (including time sequences) for spatially distributed modeling. he project concentrates on modern observational data, including remotely sensed data ...

368

Virginia Tech - Union/Find  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Allows users to select set sizes of from 8 to 20 nodes, and then perform union operations on them. The result on the disjoint set is shown. Steps are explained as the user makes the connections. Shows both the union/find physical array and the logical (tree) view. The message panel clearly explains each step. Shows results either with or without path compression. Changes in the trees shown with animation and color. Should be a good way to show students a data structure and algorithm that they often have trouble with. Recommended as lecture aide, standalone, self-study suppliment to tutorial or lecture.

Shaffer, Cliff; Kania, Chris

369

Unions Matter How the Ability of Labour Unions to  

E-print Network

, there are more extensive social programs such as health care and pensions plans, and the incidence of poverty, income inequal- ity and regressive labour laws. The underlying causes of declining unionization rates shown that when there is political will, problems of inequality can be tack- led. During the period

Wolfe, Patrick J.

370

ARTI Refrigerant Database  

SciTech Connect

The Refrigerant Database consolidates and facilitates access to information to assist industry in developing equipment using alternative refrigerants. The underlying purpose is to accelerate phase out of chemical compounds of environmental concern. The database provides bibliographic citations and abstracts for publications that may be useful in research and design of air- conditioning and refrigeration equipment. The complete documents are not included, though some may be added at a later date. The database identifies sources of specific information on R-32, R-123, R-124, R- 125, R-134a, R-141b, R142b, R-143a, R-152a, R-290 (propane), R-717 (ammonia), ethers, and others as well as azeotropic and zeotropic blends of these fluids. It addresses polyalkylene glycol (PAG), ester, and other lubricants. It also references documents addressing compatibility of refrigerants and lubricants with metals, plastics, elastomers, motor insulation, and other materials used in refrigerant circuits.

Calm, J.M.

1992-04-30

371

Superconductivity Papers Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Electrotechnical Laboratory (Ministry of International Trade and Industry) and the International Superconductivity Technology Center Foundation (Japan) provide this no-frills, searchable-only bibliographic database of 32,000 superconductivity papers in the areas of High Tc, C60 (Fullerene) related, organic, non-oxide, and oxide conductor. Papers can be searched on title, author, abstract word, or year. The database contains citations mostly from 1987-present in pertinent scholarly journals. The "How to Search" section gives hints on browsing parts of the database via use of the truncation symbol in combination with a classificatory serial number prefix. While there is nothing pretty or particularly user-friendly about the interface, the number of citations on these highly specialized topics should be of use researchers in the field.

1998-01-01

372

Introduction to Database Database Systems Lecture 1  

E-print Network

Introduction to Database Systems Database Systems Lecture 1 Natasha Alechina www.cs.nott.ac.uk/~nza/G51DBS #12;In this Lecture · Course Information · Databases and Database Systems · Some History questions · Format similar to previous years. #12;Textbook · Recommended textbooks: · `Database Systems

Alechina, Natasha

373

Occupational exposure to carcinogens in the European Union  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVESTo construct a computer assisted information system for the estimation of the numbers of workers exposed to established and suspected human carcinogens in the member states of the European Union (EU).?METHODSA database called CAREX (carcinogen exposure) was designed to provide selected exposure data and documented estimates of the number of workers exposed to carcinogens by country, carcinogen, and industry. CAREX includes data on agents evaluated by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) (all agents in groups 1and 2A as of February 1995,and selected agents in group 2B) and on ionising radiation, displayed across the 55industrial classes. The 1990-3 occupational exposure was estimated in two phases. Firstly, estimates were generated by the CAREX system on the basis of national labour force data and exposure prevalence estimates from two reference countries (Finland and the United States) which had the most comprehensive data available on exposures to these agents. For selected countries, these estimates were then refined by national experts in view of the perceived exposure patterns in their own countries compared with those of the reference countries.?RESULTSAbout 32million workers (23% of those employed) in the EU were exposed to agents covered by CAREX. At least 22million workers were exposed to IARC group 1carcinogens. The exposed workers had altogether 42million exposures (1.3mean exposures for each exposed worker). The most common exposures were solar radiation (9.1million workers exposed at least 75% of working time), environmental tobacco smoke (7.5million workers exposed at least 75% of working time), crystalline silica (3.2million exposed), diesel exhaust (3.0million), radon (2.7million), and wood dust (2.6million).?CONCLUSIONThese preliminary estimates indicate that in the early 1990s, a substantial proportion of workers in the EU were exposed to carcinogens.???Keywords: exposure; carcinogen; Europe PMID:10711264

Kauppinen, T.; Toikkanen, J.; Pedersen, D.; Young, R.; Ahrens, W.; Boffetta, P.; Hansen, J.; Kromhout, H.; Blasco, J. M.; Mirabelli, D.; de la Orden-River..., V.; Pannett, B.; Plato, N.; Savela, A.; Vincent, R.; Kogevinas, M.

2000-01-01

374

Modeling Demand for Unionization with Nontraditional Data Analysis Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Upon reviewing the extant literature on determinants of unionism, it becomes clear that many areas that have had a plethora of research attention do not converge upon singularly directional findings. This study explores a potential cause of such an apparent anomaly: nonlinearity of data. An exploratory examination of correlation coefficients among

DeGroot, Timothy

2006-01-01

375

Earthquake and Landslides in the Union of the Comoros  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

Heavy rains from a tropical cyclone struck the islands of the Comoros in March, 2014. On the island of Anjouan in the Union of Comoros, these rains triggered landslides that displaced over 3000 people to refugee camps. The USGS and the OFDA with USAID are providing support and research assistance on...

376

Unionization and Perceived Control among Community College Faculty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research reported in this paper examined what role working in a union or nonunion college has in influencing faculty perceptions of control over their work. Using data from the 1993, 1999, and 2004 National Study of Postsecondary Faculty, this study explored the relative importance of variables in influencing perceived control among full-time

Linville, Joann E.; Antony, James Soto; Hayden, Ruby A.

2011-01-01

377

A patient database application for Hereditary Deafness Epidemiology and Clinical Research (H.E.A.R.): an effort for standardization in multiple languages.  

PubMed

One of the most challenging and neglected issues in medicine is the effective recording of the data obtained from the patients. The "European Work Group on the Genetics of Hearing Impairment," which has been working since 1996, proposed a few questionnaires to collect data regarding the phenotype, ENT findings, audiological examination findings and other special investigations. In this study, a computerized patient database application named "Izmir H.E.A.R version 1.0," written in Delphi 4.0 for Windows for recording the patients with hearing problems, is presented. The application consists of a modular form, including information about identity, genetic condition, proband query, audiology and vestibular tests, phenotype, pedigree and special examinations, which allows data entry on all these issues. It has been developed by using the guidelines of Hereditary Deafness Epidemiology and Clinical Research (H.E.A.R.) and by the experience gained within the last 10 years by the authors. The target population of the program is the ENT clinicians, audiologists, epidemiologists, geneticists and researchers in the field. The main idea is to create a program serving the needs of both the daily routine work and research purposes and to distribute this program to the above-mentioned specialists, to encourage them to try the first version and to find a standard and/or better way to collect data. For this reason, the program aims to be multilingual, and the currently available languages are English, German, Spanish and Turkish. PMID:12582784

Pfister, Markus; Akyildiz, Serdar; Gunhan, Ovunc; Maassen, Marcus; Rodriguez, Jorge Jesus; Zenner, Hans-Peter; Apaydin, Fazil

2003-02-01

378

Shuttle Hypervelocity Impact Database  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

With three flights remaining on the manifest, the shuttle impact hypervelocity database has over 2800 entries. The data is currently divided into tables for crew module windows, payload bay door radiators and thermal protection system regions, with window impacts compromising just over half the records. In general, the database provides dimensions of hypervelocity impact damage, a component level location (i.e., window number or radiator panel number) and the orbiter mission when the impact occurred. Additional detail on the type of particle that produced the damage site is provided when sampling data and definitive analysis results are available. The paper will provide details and insights on the contents of the database including examples of descriptive statistics using the impact data. A discussion of post flight impact damage inspection and sampling techniques that were employed during the different observation campaigns will be presented. Future work to be discussed will be possible enhancements to the database structure and availability of the data for other researchers. A related database of ISS returned surfaces that are under development will also be introduced.

Hyde, James I.; Christiansen, Eric I.; Lear, Dana M.

2011-01-01

379

Shuttle Hypervelocity Impact Database  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

With three missions outstanding, the Shuttle Hypervelocity Impact Database has nearly 3000 entries. The data is divided into tables for crew module windows, payload bay door radiators and thermal protection system regions, with window impacts compromising just over half the records. In general, the database provides dimensions of hypervelocity impact damage, a component level location (i.e., window number or radiator panel number) and the orbiter mission when the impact occurred. Additional detail on the type of particle that produced the damage site is provided when sampling data and definitive analysis results are available. Details and insights on the contents of the database including examples of descriptive statistics will be provided. Post flight impact damage inspection and sampling techniques that were employed during the different observation campaigns will also be discussed. Potential enhancements to the database structure and availability of the data for other researchers will be addressed in the Future Work section. A related database of returned surfaces from the International Space Station will also be introduced.

Hyde, James L.; Christiansen, Eric L.; Lear, Dana M.

2011-01-01

380

Drinking Water Treatability Database (Database)  

EPA Science Inventory

The drinking Water Treatability Database (TDB) will provide data taken from the literature on the control of contaminants in drinking water, and will be housed on an interactive, publicly-available USEPA web site. It can be used for identifying effective treatment processes, rec...

381

Proliferation and the former Soviet Union  

SciTech Connect

The report examines the whole range of consequences for proliferation of weapons of mass destruction of the Soviet Union's breakup and describes how U.S. assistance may reduce specific proliferation risks in the former Soviet Union.

Not Available

1994-09-01

382

Partnership Creates Centre for Union Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A unique cooperative venture between the city of Coventry and local trade unions is establishing a library collection of books, periodicals, historical documents, tapes, and films dealing with unions, labor studies, and industrial problems. (JAB)

Smart, Carol; Roman, Stephen

1978-01-01

383

"Parent Unions" Join Policy Debates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whether they're organizing events, buttonholing legislators, or simply trading ideas and information, a growing number of "parent unions" are attempting to stake out a place in policy debates over education in states and districts, amid a crowded field of actors and advocates. As the term implies, some of these organizations see themselves as

Cavanagh, Sean

2012-01-01

384

Positive fast sealing union connections  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Union connections are designed for connecting high pressure flexible hoses from gas storage manifolds to gas transport trailers. Connection uses O ring seals which can be quickly assembled and disassembled without use of wrenches, and which do not twist hose. Worn or damaged O rings are easily replaced.

Kleber, C. M.

1972-01-01

385

Do Unions Affect Faculty Salaries?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Calculates the union relative wage effect for a large sample of college faculty in the United States. The data used are from "The 1977 Survey of the American Professoriate" and cover 4,250 faculty members at 158 institutions of higher education. Faculty characteristics are found to be more important in influencing salaries in nonunion schools than

Ashraf, Javed

1992-01-01

386

Trail Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Something of a veteran by Internet standards, the Trail Database has been around since 1997 and, as such, now bills itself as the "world's largest hiking trail database." "Henk," the Dutch hiker responsible for this compendium, updates the site regularly and has included a wide variety of links to helpful material here. Users can search or browse the resources, which are arranged both under general topics, such as Knots or Equipment, and by country. Those planning European hikes will find the links off the front page to foot and mouth disease-related hiking restrictions useful (though we found some of these links to be broken). In all, an impressive collection of material. The site is available in Dutch or English.

1997-01-01

387

MetaBasethe wiki-database of biological databases  

PubMed Central

Biology is generating more data than ever. As a result, there is an ever increasing number of publicly available databases that analyse, integrate and summarize the available data, providing an invaluable resource for the biological community. As this trend continues, there is a pressing need to organize, catalogue and rate these resources, so that the information they contain can be most effectively exploited. MetaBase (MB) (http://MetaDatabase.Org) is a community-curated database containing more than 2000 commonly used biological databases. Each entry is structured using templates and can carry various user comments and annotations. Entries can be searched, listed, browsed or queried. The database was created using the same MediaWiki technology that powers Wikipedia, allowing users to contribute on many different levels. The initial release of MB was derived from the content of the 2007 Nucleic Acids Research (NAR) Database Issue. Since then, approximately 100 databases have been manually collected from the literature, and users have added information for over 240 databases. MB is synchronized annually with the static Molecular Biology Database Collection provided by NAR. To date, there have been 19 significant contributors to the project; each one is listed as an author here to highlight the community aspect of the project. PMID:22139927

Bolser, Dan M.; Chibon, Pierre-Yves; Palopoli, Nicolas; Gong, Sungsam; Jacob, Daniel; Angel, Victoria Dominguez Del; Swan, Dan; Bassi, Sebastian; Gonzlez, Virginia; Suravajhala, Prashanth; Hwang, Seungwoo; Romano, Paolo; Edwards, Rob; Bishop, Bryan; Eargle, John; Shtatland, Timur; Provart, Nicholas J.; Clements, Dave; Renfro, Daniel P.; Bhak, Daeui; Bhak, Jong

2012-01-01

388

Agricultural Market Access Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in early 1999, the Agricultural Market Access Database (AMAD) is a joint effort by Agriculture and AgriFood Canada, EU Commission - Agriculture Directorate-General, Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, The World Bank, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, and United States Department of Agriculture - Economic Research Service. AMAD was created in order to "provide a common data set on tariffs, TRQs and imports, as well as the tools for researchers, policymakers, and others to use in analyzing levels of tariff protection in agriculture among WTO Members." Users begin by selecting a region on a map; from there they can narrow their search by country, and the database will generate a data set on that country. AMAD also provides a 30-page User's Guide which helps explain the purpose and uses of the database, as well as helping to decipher some of the information contained in AMAD. At present, not all countries worldwide can be accessed through this database. AMAD, however, promises to continue to expand.

389

State of the Data Union, 1992  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This is the first report on the State of the Data Union (SDU) for the NASA Office of Space Science and Applications (OSSA). OSSA responsibilities include the collection, analysis, and permanent archival of data critical to space science research. The nature of how this is done by OSSA is evolving to keep pace with changes in space research. Current and planned missions have evolved to be more complex and multidisciplinary, and are generating much more data and lasting longer than earlier missions. New technologies enable global access to data, transfer of huge volumes of data, and increasingly complex analysis. The SDU provides a snapshot of this dynamic environment, identifying trends in capabilities and requirements. The current space science data environment is described and parameters which capture the pulse of key functions within that environment are presented. Continuous efforts of OSSA to improve the availability and quality of data provided to the scientific community are reported, highlighting efforts such as the Data Management Initiative.

1992-01-01

390

12 CFR 704.19 - Wholesale corporate credit unions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Wholesale corporate credit unions. 704.19 Section 704.19 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS CORPORATE CREDIT UNIONS 704.19 Wholesale...

2010-01-01

391

Civil Rights in the Soviet Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

Civil rights in the Soviet Union are discussed against the back drop of changes occurring in the Soviet legal system. The Soviet Union is set on a course to create a law-based state. With the signing of the Vienna Conclud ing Document, the Soviet Union recognized the priority of international law over domestic Soviet law, with the consequence that efforts

Arkady I. Vaxberg

1989-01-01

392

European Union enlargement A historic opportunity  

E-print Network

European Union enlargement A historic opportunity #12;"Enlargement is both a historical opportunity and an obligation for the European Union and therefore one of its highest priorities. My aim is to strike the right European Council 46 Table of contents European Union enlargement A historic opportunity TABLE OF CONTENTS

Bilbao Arrese, Jesús Mario

393

Science policies in the European Union  

E-print Network

Science policies in the European Union: Promoting excellence through mainstreaming gender equality might be made of the following information. A great deal of additional information on the European Union Union: Promoting excellence through mainstreaming gender equality A report prepared for the European

394

A Different Role for Teachers Unions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American teachers unions are increasingly the target of measures, authored by friends and foes alike, intended to limit their power, or even eviscerate them. Looking at this scene, one would never guess that the countries that are among the top 10 in student performance have some of the strongest teachers unions in the world. Are those unions in

Tucker, Marc

2012-01-01

395

Canadian Teacher Unions: A Comparative Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a history of teacher unionism in Canada, comparing it to the development of teacher unionism in the United States. Union membership was mandated, although teachers had (and still have) little power except that related to professional misconduct. Recently, structural changes have included the introduction of a provincially-legislated

Smaller, Harry

1998-01-01

396

Texas Union Pizza Order Form ROOM RESERVED ______________________________________________________  

E-print Network

#12;#12;Texas Union Pizza Order Form ROOM RESERVED: ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ Pick-up All orders are to be picked up at the Texas Union Hospitality Center desk in the south end West with the Texas Union Policies and Procedures. I understand that I will be held responsible for any debts incurred

Jefferys, William

397

ETUDE - European Trade Union Distance Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes transnational distance learning activities among European trade union educators carried out as part of the European Trade Union Distance Education (ETUDE) project, supported by the European Commission. Highlights include the context of international trade union distance education; tutor training course; tutors' experiences; and

Creanor, Linda; Walker, Steve

2000-01-01

398

Unions and wage inequality in Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper offers empirical evidence on the impact of trade unions on wage inequality in Mexico. The results indicate that unions were a strongly equalizing force affecting the dispersion of wages in 1984, but were only half as effective at reducing wage inequality in 1996. Not only did the unionized percentage of the labor force fall considerably over the period,

David Fairris

2003-01-01

399

Are Charter School Unions Worth the Bargain?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

About 12 percent of all charter schools have bargaining agreements. Why do charter schools unionize? What is in these charter school contracts? Can they be considered innovative or models for union reform? And how do they compare to traditional district/union teacher contracts? Center on Reinventing Public Education legal analyst Mitch Price

Price, Mitch

2011-01-01

400

Information Literacy Skills: Comparing and Evaluating Databases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this database comparison is to express the importance of teaching information literacy skills and to apply those skills to commonly used Internet-based research tools. This paper includes a comparison and evaluation of three databases (ProQuest, ERIC, and Google Scholar). It includes strengths and weaknesses of each database based

Grismore, Brian A.

2012-01-01

401

DECOMPOSITIONAL ODOR ANALYSIS DATABASE - PHASE I  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study, conducted at the University of Tennessee's Anthropological Research Facility (ARF), describes the development of the Decompositional Odor Analysis (D.O.A.) Database and seeks to establish the chemical basis for canine's scenting ability when detecting human remains. This database is composed of chemicals that are liberated during the decompositional process from buried human remains. This 'living' database currently spans the

Arpad A. Vass; Rob R. Smith; Cyril V. Thompson; Michael N. Burnett; Dennis A. Wolf; Jennifer A. Synstelien; Brian A. Eckenrode

402

Modeling Multidimensional Databases, Cubes and Cube Operations  

Microsoft Academic Search

On-Line Analytical Processing (OLAP) is a trend in database technology, which was recently introduced and has attracted the interest of a lot of research work. OLAP is based on the multidimensional view of data, supported either by multidimensional databases (MOLAP) or relational engines (ROLAP). In this paper we propose a model for multidimensional databases. Dimensions, dimension hierarchies and cubes are

Panos Vassiliadis

1998-01-01

403

The Definition of a Prolonged Intensive Care Unit Stay for Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage Patients: An Application with National Health Insurance Research Database  

PubMed Central

Introduction. Length of stay (LOS) in the intensive care unit (ICU) of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) patients is one of the most important issues. The disease severity, psychosocial factors, and institutional factors will influence the length of ICU stay. This study is used in the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) to define the threshold of a prolonged ICU stay in sICH patients. Methods. This research collected the demographic data of sICH patients in the NHIRD from 2005 to 2009. The threshold of prolonged ICU stay was calculated using change point analysis. Results. There were 1599 sICH patients included. A prolonged ICU stay was defined as being equal to or longer than 10 days. There were 436 prolonged ICU stay cases and 1163 nonprolonged cases. Conclusion. This study showed that the threshold of a prolonged ICU stay is a good indicator of hospital utilization in ICH patients. Different hospitals have their own different care strategies that can be identified with a prolonged ICU stay. This indicator can be improved using quality control methods such as complications prevention and efficiency of ICU bed management. Patients' stay in ICUs and in hospitals will be shorter if integrated care systems are established. PMID:25126579

Chan, Chien-Lung; Ting, Hsien-Wei; Huang, Hsin-Tsung

2014-01-01

404

JDD, Inc. Database  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

JDD Inc, is a maintenance and custodial contracting company whose mission is to provide their clients in the private and government sectors "quality construction, construction management and cleaning services in the most efficient and cost effective manners, (JDD, Inc. Mission Statement)." This company provides facilities support for Fort Riley in Fo,rt Riley, Kansas and the NASA John H. Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field here in Cleveland, Ohio. JDD, Inc. is owned and operated by James Vaughn, who started as painter at NASA Glenn and has been working here for the past seventeen years. This summer I worked under Devan Anderson, who is the safety manager for JDD Inc. in the Logistics and Technical Information Division at Glenn Research Center The LTID provides all transportation, secretarial, security needs and contract management of these various services for the center. As a safety manager, my mentor provides Occupational Health and Safety Occupation (OSHA) compliance to all JDD, Inc. employees and handles all other issues (Environmental Protection Agency issues, workers compensation, safety and health training) involving to job safety. My summer assignment was not as considered "groundbreaking research" like many other summer interns have done in the past, but it is just as important and beneficial to JDD, Inc. I initially created a database using a Microsoft Excel program to classify and categorize data pertaining to numerous safety training certification courses instructed by our safety manager during the course of the fiscal year. This early portion of the database consisted of only data (training field index, employees who were present at these training courses and who was absent) from the training certification courses. Once I completed this phase of the database, I decided to expand the database and add as many dimensions to it as possible. Throughout the last seven weeks, I have been compiling more data from day to day operations and been adding the information to the database. It now consists of seven different categories of data (carpet cleaning, forms, NASA Event Schedules, training certifications, wall and vent cleaning, work schedules, and miscellaneous) . I also did some field inspecting with the supervisors around the site and was present at all of the training certification courses that have been scheduled since June 2004. My future outlook for the JDD, Inc. database is to have all of company s information from future contract proposals, weekly inventory, to employee timesheets all in this same database.

Miller, David A., Jr.

2004-01-01

405

The AMMA database  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The AMMA project includes aircraft, ground-based and ocean measurements, an intensive use of satellite data and diverse modelling studies. Therefore, the AMMA database aims at storing a great amount and a large variety of data, and at providing the data as rapidly and safely as possible to the AMMA research community. In order to stimulate the exchange of information and collaboration between researchers from different disciplines or using different tools, the database provides a detailed description of the products and uses standardized formats. The AMMA database contains: - AMMA field campaigns datasets; - historical data in West Africa from 1850 (operational networks and previous scientific programs); - satellite products from past and future satellites, (re-)mapped on a regular latitude/longitude grid and stored in NetCDF format (CF Convention); - model outputs from atmosphere or ocean operational (re-)analysis and forecasts, and from research simulations. The outputs are processed as the satellite products are. Before accessing the data, any user has to sign the AMMA data and publication policy. This chart only covers the use of data in the framework of scientific objectives and categorically excludes the redistribution of data to third parties and the usage for commercial applications. Some collaboration between data producers and users, and the mention of the AMMA project in any publication is also required. The AMMA database and the associated on-line tools have been fully developed and are managed by two teams in France (IPSL Database Centre, Paris and OMP, Toulouse). Users can access data of both data centres using an unique web portal. This website is composed of different modules : - Registration: forms to register, read and sign the data use chart when an user visits for the first time - Data access interface: friendly tool allowing to build a data extraction request by selecting various criteria like location, time, parameters... The request can concern local, satellite and model data. - Documentation: catalogue of all the available data and their metadata. These tools have been developed using standard and free languages and softwares: - Linux system with an Apache web server and a Tomcat application server; - J2EE tools : JSF and Struts frameworks, hibernate; - relational database management systems: PostgreSQL and MySQL; - OpenLDAP directory. In order to facilitate the access to the data by African scientists, the complete system has been mirrored at AGHRYMET Regional Centre in Niamey and is operational there since January 2009. Users can now access metadata and request data through one or the other of two equivalent portals: http://database.amma-international.org or http://amma.agrhymet.ne/amma-data.

Boichard, Jean-Luc; Brissebrat, Guillaume; Cloche, Sophie; Eymard, Laurence; Fleury, Laurence; Mastrorillo, Laurence; Moulaye, Oumarou; Ramage, Karim

2010-05-01

406

E-SovTox: An online database of the main publicly-available sources of toxicity data concerning REACH-relevant chemicals published in the Russian language.  

PubMed

A new open-access online database, E-SovTox, is presented. E-SovTox provides toxicological data for substances relevant to the EU Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) system, from publicly-available Russian language data sources. The database contains information selected mainly from scientific journals published during the Soviet Union era. The main information source for this database - the journal, Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevania [Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases], published between 1957 and 1992 - features acute, but also chronic, toxicity data for numerous industrial chemicals, e.g. for rats, mice, guinea-pigs and rabbits. The main goal of the abovementioned toxicity studies was to derive the maximum allowable concentration limits for industrial chemicals in the occupational health settings of the former Soviet Union. Thus, articles featured in the database include mostly data on LD50 values, skin and eye irritation, skin sensitisation and cumulative properties. Currently, the E-SovTox database contains toxicity data selected from more than 500 papers covering more than 600 chemicals. The user is provided with the main toxicity information, as well as abstracts of these papers in Russian and in English (given as provided in the original publication). The search engine allows cross-searching of the database by the name or CAS number of the compound, and the author of the paper. The E-SovTox database can be used as a decision-support tool by researchers and regulators for the hazard assessment of chemical substances. PMID:20822322

Sihtme, Mariliis; Blinova, Irina; Aruoja, Villem; Dubourguier, Henri-Charles; Legrand, Nicolas; Kahru, Anne

2010-08-01

407

National Tourism Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Developed by the Michigan State University Extension Tourism Area of Expertise and the National Tourism Education Design Team, this site contains information on numerous resources related to tourism education, including bulletins, research reports, videos, and training programs. Nearly 100 of the documents featured are full-text. Users can browse the database by topic or browse or search by keyword. A separate list of the full-text publications is also provided. A useful site for students and professionals in the tourism industry.

408

Database applications in starlink.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Starlink is a computing facility provided by the United Kingdom Science and Engineering Research Council (SERC) for the use of UK astronomers. It was established in 1980 to provide facilities for the efficient telescopes and detectors, and its primary purpose remains the interactive reduction and analysis of observational data. Contents: (1) Introduction. (2) SCAR. (3) Other database systems. (4) Comparison with HDS. (5) Further reading.

Davenhall, C.

409

IR-background database  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Swedish Defence Research Agency (FOI) has recently performed systematic measurements in order to establish an IR-background database. It will be used for a wide range of applications and provide a basis for the modeling of IR-background properties of Swedish terrain. Experimental data like this is also necessary for the validation of methods and programs for synthetic IR-scene simulation. The

Claes Nelsson; Paer Nilsson; Roland Lindell; Emma Bernhardsson

2001-01-01

410

The Burke Library Archives (Columbia University Libraries) Union Theological Seminary, New York  

E-print Network

The Burke Library Archives (Columbia University Libraries) Union Theological Seminary, New York Missionary Research Library Archives: Section 12 Finding Aid for International Missionary Council Records Council Collection, series 4, box 5, folder 1, The Burke Library Archives (Columbia University Libraries

Salzman, Daniel

411

Union formation in fragile families  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we use data from a new longitudinal surveythe Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Studyto examine union\\u000a formation among unmarried parents who have just had a child together. We used multinomial logistic regression to estimate\\u000a the effects of economic, cultural\\/interpersonal, and other factors on whether (relative to having no romantic relationship)\\u000a parents are romantically involved and living apart,

Marcia Carlson; Sara Mclanahan; Paula England

2004-01-01

412

Procedure for developing Union position  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

1. Position statements will be restricted to those issues that fall within the guidelines approved by the Council. 2. Requests for position statements are referred immediately to the Public Affairs Committee. 3. If a request seems to fall within Union guidelines, the committee will recommend that the President of the Union appoint an independent panel charged with drafting a statement. The panel will include at least one member nominated by the Public Affairs Committee, the originator of the request, and one member of Council. 4. The Council and the membership will be informed that the panel is working on the issue and that comments are welcome. 5. The panel will prepare a statement for circulation to the Council of the Union. 6. Members of Council (or Executive Committee when timeliness is critical) will be asked to vote or to comment on the proposed statement. This vote is to be taken at regularly scheduled meetings except where timeliness is critical. Concurrence of two thirds is required for adoption. 7. All adopted position statements will be published in Eos as soon as possible. 8. Once a statement has been approved, the Public Affairs Committee will endeavor to apply its expertise to making advocacy of its contents as effective as possible.

413

Prototype database for telerehabilitation.  

PubMed

Telerehabilitation is a promising alternative health-care delivery system, but currently lacks broad-based empirical support for the efficacy and cost utility of its interventions. This article describes the development of a database at INTEGRIS Jim Thorpe Rehabilitation Center (IJTRC) that will link the delivery of telerehabilitation services, reimbursement, and outcomes evaluation. The database is a culmination of the combined efforts of administrators, clinicians, and information technology professionals. Feasibility of the project was first established from technical, economic, and organizational perspectives. The current workflow and documentation processes were analyzed and enhanced. This was followed by data modeling and design of the database architecture in terms of network, security, scalability, and system specification. A prototype was created in Microsoft Access with the final product planned in Structured Query Language (SQL) with a front-end in JAVA JSP. The initial results with the database have been encouraging in terms of increased efficacy and security, process streamlining, error reduction, and collection of comprehensive standardized data for statistical analysis of clinical and research outcomes. PMID:15319051

Kaur, Kawaljeet; Forducey, Pamela G; Glueckauf, Robert L

2004-01-01

414

Computerized database on dielectric materials  

SciTech Connect

This computerized, interactive database provides technical, application, and commercial data on more than a thousand solid, liquid, and gaseous dielectric materials. The information is readily accessible to designers, engineers, scientists, researchers, and others via user-friendly on-line operation. This project was carried out in two phases. In the proof-of-concept phase, a pilot database was developed by the contractor and then tested and critiqued by a small group of users. In the second phase, the pilot database was expanded to the size needed. Constructing the database required (1) developing a database management system, (2) extracting numerical data from the worldwide literature on dielectric materials, (3) compiling other information on materials, (4) formatting and inserting into the database the numerical data and information, and (5) critically evaluating numerical data and developing recommended values. The database is operational and accessible 24 hours a day. Interested users can, from their computer terminals, extract data on materials properties in tabular or graphical form and perform unit conversions, graphical manipulations, and other analyses. The database now contains information on more than 1300 materials and is periodically updated.

Ho, C.Y.; Li, H.H.; Marinescu, G.M. (Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN (United States). Center for Information and Numerical Data Analysis and Synthesis)

1992-05-01

415

Danish Referendum on Economic and Monetary Union  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Published in October 2000, this document from the United Kingdom's House of Commons provides the details of the Danish referendum in which the country voted against joining Europe's common currency. The paper focuses on the country's 1992 arrangement not to proceed with the third stage of Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) until it had been approved by a national referendum, and includes attention to the political campaigns for and against the referendum, public opinion, and the implications of this vote. Just 24 pages in length, this research paper gives an excellent, easy-to-understand overview of the reasons why Denmark's citizens decided to vote against joining the EMU. For more information on the Danish rejection of the Euro, see the September 29, 2000 Scout Report.

416

EPA U.S. NATIONAL MARKAL DATABASE: DATABASE DOCUMENTATION  

EPA Science Inventory

This document describes in detail the U.S. Energy System database developed by EPA's Integrated Strategic Assessment Work Group for use with the MARKAL model. The group is part of the Office of Research and Development and is located in the National Risk Management Research Labor...

417

NUCLEAR DATABASES FOR REACTOR APPLICATIONS.  

SciTech Connect

The National Nuclear Data Center (NNDC): An overview of nuclear databases, related products, nuclear data Web services and publications. The NNDC collects, evaluates, and disseminates nuclear physics data for basic research and applied nuclear technologies. The NNDC maintains and contributes to the nuclear reaction (ENDF, CSISRS) and nuclear structure databases along with several others databases (CapGam, MIRD, IRDF-2002) and provides coordination for the Cross Section Evaluation Working Group (CSEWG) and the US Nuclear Data Program (USNDP). The Center produces several publications and codes such as Atlas of Neutron Resonances, Nuclear Wallet Cards booklets and develops codes, such as nuclear reaction model code Empire.

PRITYCHENKO, B.; ARCILLA, R.; BURROWS, T.; HERMAN, M.W.; MUGHABGHAB, S.; OBLOZINSKY, P.; ROCHMAN, D.; SONZOGNI, A.A.; TULI, J.; WINCHELL, D.F.

2006-06-05

418

Stackfile Database  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This software provides storage retrieval and analysis functionality for managing satellite altimetry data. It improves the efficiency and analysis capabilities of existing database software with improved flexibility and documentation. It offers flexibility in the type of data that can be stored. There is efficient retrieval either across the spatial domain or the time domain. Built-in analysis tools are provided for frequently performed altimetry tasks. This software package is used for storing and manipulating satellite measurement data. It was developed with a focus on handling the requirements of repeat-track altimetry missions such as Topex and Jason. It was, however, designed to work with a wide variety of satellite measurement data [e.g., Gravity Recovery And Climate Experiment -- GRACE). The software consists of several command-line tools for importing, retrieving, and analyzing satellite measurement data.

deVarvalho, Robert; Desai, Shailen D.; Haines, Bruce J.; Kruizinga, Gerhard L.; Gilmer, Christopher

2013-01-01

419

Trends in sexually transmitted infections in general practice 1990-2000: population based study using data from the UK general practice research database  

PubMed Central

Objective To describe the contribution of primary care to the diagnosis and management of sexually transmitted infections in the United Kingdom, 1990-2000, in the context of increasing incidence of infections in genitourinary medicine clinics. Design Population based study. Setting UK primary care. Participants Patients registered in the UK general practice research database. Main outcome measures Incidence of diagnosed sexually transmitted infections in primary care and estimation of the proportion of major such infections diagnosed in primary care. Results An estimated 23.0% of chlamydia cases in women but only 5.3% in men were diagnosed and treated in primary care during 1998-2000, along with 49.2% cases of non-specific urethritis and urethral discharge in men and 5.7% cases of gonorrhoea in women and 2.9% in men. Rates of diagnosis in primary care rose substantially in the late 1990s. Conclusions A substantial and increasing number of sexually transmitted infections are diagnosed and treated in primary care in the United Kingdom, with sex ratios differing from those in genitourinary medicine clinics. Large numbers of men are treated in primary care for presumptive sexually transmitted infections. PMID:16439371

Cassell, Jackie A; Mercer, Catherine H; Sutcliffe, Lorna; Petersen, Irene; Islam, Amir; Brook, M Gary; Ross, Jonathan D; Kinghorn, George R; Simms, Ian; Hughes, Gwenda; Majeed, Azeem; Stephenson, Judith M; Johnson, Anne M; Hayward, Andrew C

2006-01-01

420

Are IBD patients more likely to have a prior diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome? Report of a case-control study in the General Practice Research Database  

PubMed Central

Background Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients are sometimes first diagnosed with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), which may be construed as a misdiagnosis. Objective The objective of this article is to determine if this occurs more than expected by chance. Methods We conducted a case-control study nested in the General Practice Research Database. We selected incident cases of IBD and up to 10 matched controls for each. We assessed the proportions with IBS recorded prior to the IBD diagnosis and variation by age, sex, and calendar time. We compared proportions affected in fixed time periods and conducted conditional logistic regression to derive odds ratios. Results The 20, 193 cases were three times as likely as controls to have a prior record of IBS. Fifteen per cent of IBD cases and 5% of controls had IBS coded before diagnosis with 11% having a code for IBS over one year before IBD (cf. 5% of controls) and 6% over five years earlier (cf. 3%). These figures roughly doubled if typical antispasmodic therapies were assumed to represent IBS diagnoses. Conclusion If excess IBS diagnoses represent misdiagnoses of IBD, our results suggest that about 10% of IBD patients are misdiagnosed and in 3% of cases this may persist for five or more years. PMID:25452846

Siffledeen, Jesse; Fleming, Kate M

2014-01-01

421

Small Business Innovations (Integrated Database)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Because of the diversity of NASA's information systems, it was necessary to develop DAVID as a central database management system. Under a Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) grant, Ken Wanderman and Associates, Inc. designed software tools enabling scientists to interface with DAVID and commercial database management systems, as well as artificial intelligence programs. The software has been installed at a number of data centers and is commercially available.

1992-01-01

422

Use of the General Practice Research Database (GPRD) for respiratory epidemiology: a comparison with the 4th Morbidity Survey in General Practice (MSGP4)  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUNDThe General Practice Research Database (GPRD) covers over 6% of the population of England and Wales and holds data on diagnoses and prescribing from 1987 onwards. Most previous studies using the GPRD have concentrated on drug use and safety. A study was undertaken to assess the validity of using the GPRD for epidemiological research into respiratory diseases.?METHODSAge-specific and sex-specific rates derived from the GPRD for 11 respiratory conditions were compared with patient consultation rates from the 4th Morbidity Survey in General Practice (MSGP4). Within the GPRD comparisons were made between patient diagnosis rates, patient prescription rates, and patient "prescription plus relevant diagnosis" rates for selected treatments.?RESULTSThere was good agreement between consultation rates in the MSGP4 and diagnosis or "prescription plus diagnosis" from the GPRD in terms of pattern and magnitude, except for "acute bronchitis or bronchiolitis" where the best comparison was the combination category of "chest infection" and/or "acute bronchitis or bronchiolitis". Within the GPRD, patient prescription rates for inhalers, tuberculosis or hayfever therapy showed little similarity with diagnosis only rates but a similarity was seen with the combination of "prescription plus diagnosis" which may be a better reflection of morbidity than diagnosis alone.?CONCLUSIONSThe GPRD appears to be valid for primary care epidemiological studies by comparison with MSGP4 and offers advantages in terms of large size, a longer time period covered, and ability to link prescriptions with diagnoses. However, careful interpretation is needed because not all consultations are recorded and the coding system used contains terms which do not directly map to ICD codes.?? PMID:10212105

Hansell, A.; Hollowell, J.; Nichols, T.; McNiece, R.; Strachan, D.

1999-01-01

423

ARTI refrigerant database  

SciTech Connect

The Refrigerant Database is an information system on alternative refrigerants, associated lubricants, and their use in air conditioning and refrigeration. It consolidates and facilitates access to property, compatibility, environmental, safety, application and other information. It provides corresponding information on older refrigerants, to assist manufacturers and those using alternative refrigerants, to make comparisons and determine differences. The underlying purpose is to accelerate phase out of chemical compounds of environmental concern. The database provides bibliographic citations and abstracts for publications that may be useful in research and design of air-conditioning and refrigeration equipment. The complete documents are not included, though some may be added at a later date. The database identifies sources of specific information on refrigerants. It addresses lubricants including alkylbenzene, polyalkylene glycol, polyolester, and other synthetics as well as mineral oils. It also references documents addressing compatibility of refrigerants and lubricants with metals, plastics, elastomers, motor insulation, and other materials used in refrigerant circuits. Incomplete citations or abstracts are provided for some documents. They are included to accelerate availability of the information and will be completed or replaced in future updates. Citations in this report are divided into the following topics: thermophysical properties; materials compatibility; lubricants and tribology; application data; safety; test and analysis methods; impacts; regulatory actions; substitute refrigerants; identification; absorption and adsorption; research programs; and miscellaneous documents. Information is also presented on ordering instructions for the computerized version.

Calm, J.M. [Calm (James M.), Great Falls, VA (United States)] [Calm (James M.), Great Falls, VA (United States)

1996-04-15

424

The Molecular Biology Database Collection: 2003 update  

PubMed Central

The Molecular Biology Database Collection is an online resource listing key databases of value to the biological community. This Collection is intended to bring fellow scientists' attention to high-quality databases that are available throughout the world, rather than just be a lengthy listing of all available databases. As such, this up-to-date listing is intended to serve as the jumping-off point from which to find specialized databases that may be of use in advancing biological research. The databases included in this Collection provide new value to the underlying data by virtue of curation, new data connections or other innovative approaches. Short, searchable summaries and updates for each of the databases included in this Collection are available through the Nucleic Acids Research Web site at http://nar.oupjournals.org. PMID:12519937

Baxevanis, Andreas D.

2003-01-01

425

CIRRIE DATABASE  

EPA Science Inventory

International rehabilitation research published between 1990 and the present. Over 18,000 citations. In addition to indexing from mainstream journals and Internet sites, CIRRIE also includes citations to resources not readily available to U.S. researchers. There are over 18,000 c...

426

NEW AQUIRE DATABASE WEB VERSION  

EPA Science Inventory

The U.S. EPA, Office of Research and Development, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, Mid-Continent Ecology Division in Duluth, MN (MED-Duluth) is pleased to announce the release of the AQUIRE database on the Web....

427

Visual Palaeomagnetic Database  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Global Palaeomagnetic Database (GPMDB) created and developed by McElhinny and Lock (1991, 1996) is used by researchers all over the world. The user-friendly interface makes it unnecessary for users to learn about details of the Microsoft Access software. The next step in the development of these databases lies in the visualisation of data and in the integration of the palaeomagnetic data with Geographical Information Systems (GIS). One of the most popular GIS software among Earth scientists is ArcView. Due to the relative simplicity of the structure of the GPMDB it quite easy to integrate palaeomagnetic data into GIS. It is just necessary to prepare a database file in DBASE format (using the export option of the Microsoft Access, for example) and then to create a subsequent graphic theme (layer) in ArcView. The wide variety of ArcView options enable the use of graduated colours, labels, and different symbols to emphasise ages, palaeomagnetic directions, or other data features. Palaeomagnetic data may be combined with the geological, tectonic, and other maps using a variety of spherical projections. Palaeomagnetic data may be easily integrated into other GIS-oriented databases, such as geochronological databases. In addition to all "traditional" services known for the GPMDB users, such as queries, ArcView and supplementary Avenue scripts provide many new possibilities. For example, it is very easy now to choose data from a particular polygon (e.g. craton, terrane, orogenic belt etc.). Users of the new visual database also can "instantly" create a stereoplot for any selected data subset and to calculate mean directions and palaeopoles. It is also possible to display palaeopoles for the selected group of data and to reconstruct a palaeoposition of the continental block using these poles, or Euler pole of rotation. There are obvious advantages of using the visual database. For example, if there are some errors in the geographical position of some data, in many cases it is easy to find them. It is much easier now to test tectonic hypotheses. For instance, it is possible to compare data from two adjacent terranes to decide the time of their collision.

Pisarevsky, S.

2002-12-01

428

ARTI Refrigerant Database  

SciTech Connect

The database provides bibliographic citations and abstracts for publications that may be useful in research and design of air- conditioning and refrigeration equipment. The database identifies sources of specific information on R-32, R-123, R-124, R-125, R-134, R-134a, R-141b, R-142b, R-143a, R-152a, R-245ca, R-290 (propane), R- 717 (ammonia), ethers, and others as well as azeotropic and zeotropic and zeotropic blends of these fluids. It addresses lubricants including alkylbenzene, polyalkylene glycol, ester, and other synthetics as well as mineral oils. It also references documents on compatibility of refrigerants and lubricants with metals, plastics, elastomers, motor insulation, and other materials used in refrigerant circuits. A computerized version is available that includes retrieval software.

Calm, J.M.

1992-11-09

429

Union  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

14 May 2006 This Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) image shows partially-filled collapse pits on the eastern flank of Alba Patera, a large volcano in northern Tharsis. The three pits near the bottom (south) of the image have collapsed to the point of coalescence, while the northern-most pit remains largely a separate entity.

Location near: 38.5oN, 103.8oW Image width: 3 km (1.9 mi) Illumination from: lower left Season: Northern Spring

2006-01-01

430

Choosing a Database This chart identifies the specific focus of each  

E-print Network

Choosing a Database This chart identifies the specific focus of each database to help you select the appropriate database for your research. Database Name Topics Covered ChemIDplus Chemical names, formulas chemical releases For a full list of environmental health and toxicology database descriptions, visit: http://sis.nlm.nih.gov/enviro/database

Levin, Judith G.

431

Database Optimization Aspects for Information Retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a growing need for systems that can process queries, combining both structured data and text. One way to provide such functionality is to integrate information retrieval (IR) techniques in a database management system (DBMS). However, both IR and database research have been separate research fields for decades, resulting in different - even conflicting - approaches to data management.

H. E. Blok

2002-01-01

432

The strategies WDK: a graphical search interface and web development kit for functional genomics databases  

PubMed Central

Web sites associated with the Eukaryotic Pathogen Bioinformatics Resource Center (EuPathDB.org) have recently introduced a graphical user interface, the Strategies WDK, intended to make advanced searching and set and interval operations easy and accessible to all users. With a design guided by usability studies, the system helps motivate researchers to perform dynamic computational experiments and explore relationships across data sets. For example, PlasmoDB users seeking novel therapeutic targets may wish to locate putative enzymes that distinguish pathogens from their hosts, and that are expressed during appropriate developmental stages. When a researcher runs one of the approximately 100 searches available on the site, the search is presented as a first step in a strategy. The strategy is extended by running additional searches, which are combined with set operators (union, intersect or minus), or genomic interval operators (overlap, contains). A graphical display uses Venn diagrams to make the strategys flow obvious. The interface facilitates interactive adjustment of the component searches with changes propagating forward through the strategy. Users may save their strategies, creating protocols that can be shared with colleagues. The strategy system has now been deployed on all EuPathDB databases, and successfully deployed by other projects. The Strategies WDK uses a configurable MVC architecture that is compatible with most genomics and biological warehouse databases, and is available for download at code.google.com/p/strategies-wdk. Database URL: www.eupathdb.org PMID:21705364

Fischer, Steve; Aurrecoechea, Cristina; Brunk, Brian P.; Gao, Xin; Harb, Omar S.; Kraemer, Eileen T.; Pennington, Cary; Treatman, Charles; Kissinger, Jessica C.; Roos, David S.; Stoeckert, Christian J.

2011-01-01

433

The Strategies WDK: a graphical search interface and web development kit for functional genomics databases.  

PubMed

Web sites associated with the Eukaryotic Pathogen Bioinformatics Resource Center (EuPathDB.org) have recently introduced a graphical user interface, the Strategies WDK, intended to make advanced searching and set and interval operations easy and accessible to all users. With a design guided by usability studies, the system helps motivate researchers to perform dynamic computational experiments and explore relationships across data sets. For example, PlasmoDB users seeking novel therapeutic targets may wish to locate putative enzymes that distinguish pathogens from their hosts, and that are expressed during appropriate developmental stages. When a researcher runs one of the approximately 100 searches available on the site, the search is presented as a first step in a strategy. The strategy is extended by running additional searches, which are combined with set operators (union, intersect or minus), or genomic interval operators (overlap, contains). A graphical display uses Venn diagrams to make the strategy's flow obvious. The interface facilitates interactive adjustment of the component searches with changes propagating forward through the strategy. Users may save their strategies, creating protocols that can be shared with colleagues. The strategy system has now been deployed on all EuPathDB databases, and successfully deployed by other projects. The Strategies WDK uses a configurable MVC architecture that is compatible with most genomics and biological warehouse databases, and is available for download at code.google.com/p/strategies-wdk. Database URL: www.eupathdb.org. PMID:21705364

Fischer, Steve; Aurrecoechea, Cristina; Brunk, Brian P; Gao, Xin; Harb, Omar S; Kraemer, Eileen T; Pennington, Cary; Treatman, Charles; Kissinger, Jessica C; Roos, David S; Stoeckert, Christian J

2011-01-01

434

AMFIC-WSDB: A web database for hosting and easy retrieval of atmospheric data from satellites  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents the unique features and functionality of the AMFIC Web Satellite Database (AMFIC-WSDB) which was developed within the Air quality Monitoring and Forecasting In China (AMFIC) European Union (EU) project. The method used for the analysis of the SCIAMACHY ENVISAT CH4, CO, NO2 and SO2 satellite data that emerged from the AMFIC work packages, in order to be hosted by the AMFIC-WSBD, is described. Today, there is an increased demand for satellite data not only from specialized users but also from researchers and public institutions for research, management, information and education purposes. The AMFIC-WSDB has been developed to address the need of those users for fast and easy access to atmospheric composition data. Together with the web interface, it constitutes an integrated system, hosting spatially and temporally homogenized satellite products. The main idea behind the AMFIC-WSDB (http://www.amfic.satellite-earth-simulator.com/) is to offer timeseries ascii files through a set of interactive maps. This makes the database ideal not only for those interested in global datasets but also for users interested in specific geographical spots. Data from other state-of-the-art environmental satellite sensors (e.g. MODIS, OMI and GOME-2) could be easily integrated in the database in the future.

Georgoulias, A. K.; Kourtidis, K. A.; Kosmidis, E.; Despotakis, T.; Symeonidis, P.

2012-11-01

435

Nuclear Databases: National Resource Nuclear databases consists of carefully organized scientific  

E-print Network

Nuclear Databases: National Resource Nuclear databases consists of carefully organized scientific information that has been gathered over 50 years of low-energy nuclear physics research worldwide. These powerful databases have enormous value and they represent a genuine national resource. Six core nuclear

Ohta, Shigemi

436

Overlap in Bibliographic Databases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the topic of Fuzzy Set Theory to determine the overlap of coverage in bibliographic databases. Highlights include examples of comparisons of database coverage; frequency distribution of the degree of overlap; records with maximum overlap; records unique to one database; intra-database duplicates; and overlap in the top ten databases.

Hood, William W.; Wilson, Concepcion S.

2003-01-01

437

PMAG: Relational Database Definition  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Scripps center for Physical and Chemical Earth References (PACER) was established to help create databases for reference data and make them available to the Earth science community. As part of these efforts PACER supports GERM, REM and PMAG and maintains multiple online databases under the http://earthref.org umbrella website. This website has been built on top of a relational database that allows for the archiving and electronic access to a great variety of data types and formats, permitting data queries using a wide range of metadata. These online databases are designed in Oracle 8.1.5 and they are maintained at the San Diego Supercomputer Center. They are directly available via http://earthref.org/databases/. A prototype of the PMAG relational database is now operational within the existing EarthRef.org framework under http://earthref.org/databases/PMAG/. As will be shown in our presentation, the PMAG design focuses around the general workflow that results in the determination of typical paleo-magnetic analyses. This ensures that individual data points can be traced between the actual analysis and the specimen, sample, site, locality and expedition it belongs to. These relations guarantee traceability of the data by distinguishing between original and derived data, where the actual (raw) measurements are performed on the specimen level, and data on the sample level and higher are then derived products in the database. These relations may also serve to recalculate site means when new data becomes available for that locality. The PMAG data records are extensively described in terms of metadata. These metadata are used when scientists search through this online database in order to view and download their needed data. They minimally include method descriptions for field sampling, laboratory techniques and statistical analyses. They also include selection criteria used during the interpretation of the data and, most importantly, critical information about the site location (latitude, longitude, elevation), geography (continent, country, region), geological setting (lithospheric plate or block, tectonic setting), geological age (age range, timescale name, stratigraphic position) and materials (rock type, classification, alteration state). Each data point and method description is also related to its peer-reviewed reference [citation ID] as archived in the EarthRef Reference Database (ERR). This guarantees direct traceability all the way to its original source, where the user can find the bibliography of each PMAG reference along with every abstract, data table, technical note and/or appendix that are available in digital form and that can be downloaded as PDF/JPEG images and Microsoft Excel/Word data files. This may help scientists and teachers in performing their research since they have easy access to all the scientific data. It also allows for checking potential errors during the digitization process. Please visit the PMAG website at http://earthref.org/PMAG/ for more information.

Keizer, P.; Koppers, A.; Tauxe, L.; Constable, C.; Genevey, A.; Staudigel, H.; Helly, J.

2002-12-01

438

Using an international p53 mutation database as a foundation for an online laboratory in an upper level undergraduate biology class.  

PubMed

A two-part laboratory exercise was developed to enhance classroom instruction on the significance of p53 mutations in cancer development. Students were asked to mine key information from an international database of p53 genetic changes related to cancer, the IARC TP53 database. Using this database, students designed several data mining activities to look at the changes in the p53 gene from a number of perspectives, including potential cancer-causing agents leading to particular changes and the prevalence of certain p53 variations in certain cancers. In addition, students gained a global perspective on cancer prevalence in different parts of the world. Students learned how to use the database in the first part of the exercise, and then used that knowledge to search particular cancers and cancer-causing agents of their choosing in the second part of the exercise. Students also connected the information gathered from the p53 exercise to a previous laboratory exercise looking at risk factors for cancer development. The goal of the experience was to increase student knowledge of the link between p53 genetic variation and cancer. Students also were able to walk a similar path through the website as a cancer researcher using the database to enhance bench work-based experiments with complementary large-scale database p53 variation information. 2014 by The International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 43(1):28-32, 2015. PMID:25395068

Melloy, Patricia G

2015-01-01

439

Database tomography for commercial application  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Database tomography is a method for extracting themes and their relationships from text. The algorithms, employed begin with word frequency and word proximity analysis and build upon these results. When the word 'database' is used, think of medical or police records, patents, journals, or papers, etc. (any text information that can be computer stored). Database tomography features a full text, user interactive technique enabling the user to identify areas of interest, establish relationships, and map trends for a deeper understanding of an area of interest. Database tomography concepts and applications have been reported in journals and presented at conferences. One important feature of the database tomography algorithm is that it can be used on a database of any size, and will facilitate the users ability to understand the volume of content therein. While employing the process to identify research opportunities it became obvious that this promising technology has potential applications for business, science, engineering, law, and academe. Examples include evaluating marketing trends, strategies, relationships and associations. Also, the database tomography process would be a powerful component in the area of competitive intelligence, national security intelligence and patent analysis. User interests and involvement cannot be overemphasized.

Kostoff, Ronald N.; Eberhart, Henry J.

1994-01-01

440

The Soviet Union in transition  

SciTech Connect

Because of the recent transition in the Soviet Union's leadership, scholars worldwide have found it necessary to reevaluate Soviet domestic and foreign policy. In this book, prominent Japanese, U.S., and European experts examine changes within the USSR as well as Soviet reactions to changes in the rest of the world. They assess the immediate implications of change for such areas as technology, energy policy, and economic reform and deliver commentaries on current policy directions and historical backgrounds of Soviet policies. The Japan Institute of International Affairs held the symposium on which this volume is based to commemorate its silver jubilee and to add the valuable perspective of Japanese Soviet studies scholars to Western analyses. Contents: Introduction; The Soviet Union in a Changing World; East-West Relations: A European Perspective; ''Gorbachevism''-Simply Old Wine in a New Bottle. Implications of Leadership and Social Change for Soviet Policies; Soviet Economic Trends, with Special Emphasis on Investment and Energy Policies; Economic Reforms in China in Light of Soviet and Eastern European Experiences.

Niiseki, K.

1987-01-01

441

Published online 4 November 2007 Nucleic Acids Research, 2008, Vol. 36, Database issue D761D767 doi:10.1093/nar/gkm826  

E-print Network

and genomic analysis. Gene pages are automatically assembled from data piped from the Entrez Gene, Gurdon a Xenopus database offered a variety of data handling challenges. In particular, seamlessly combining data

Vize, Peter D.

442

TREATY OF NICE AMENDING THE TREATY ON EUROPEAN UNION,  

E-print Network

TREATY OF NICE AMENDING THE TREATY ON EUROPEAN UNION, THE TREATIES ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN of the European Union to function in an enlarged Union, DETERMINED on this basis to press ahead with the accession in the Treaty on European Union, HAVE RESOLVED to amend the Treaty on European Union, the Treaties establishing

Bilbao Arrese, Jesús Mario

443

European Geosciences Union Open Access Publications of the  

E-print Network

European Geosciences Union Open Access Publications of the European Geosciences Union (EGU.rousseau@lmd.ens.fr) January 2014/Montpellier Geosciences 2001-2011 #12;European Geosciences Union The European Geosciences Union · Merger of the European Geophysical Society (EGS) and the European Union of Geosciences (EUG

Demouchy, Sylvie

444

Open Access Publishing at the European Geosciences Union  

E-print Network

Open Access Publishing at the European Geosciences Union Open Access Publishing at the European Discussion II. The European Geosciences UnionII. The European Geosciences Union V. Dissemination and ArchivesV. Dissemination and Archives The European Geosciences Union (EGU) is Europe's premier geo- sciences union

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

445

Teacher Union Legitimacy: Shifting the Moral Center for Member Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This mixed-method case study explored teacher union members' beliefs about the teacher union and their reasons for being active or inactive in the union. Findings suggest that teacher unions have gained pragmatic and cognitive legitimacy (Chaison and Bigelow in Unions and legitimacy. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY, 2002), but that

Popiel, Kara

2013-01-01

446

Osterretch 2006 * Prasidentschaft der Europaischen Union Austria 2006 * Presidency of the European Union  

E-print Network

Osterretch 2006 * Prasidentschaft der Europaischen Union Austria 2006 * Presidency of the European by Ambassador Dorothee Auer?Austria? on behalf of the European Union {Check a.gainstdeliverp) 35-37 AV. I have the honour to take the floor on behalf of the European Union. The Acceding Countries Bulgaria

Sussex, University of

447

Economic implications for Turkey of a Customs Union with the European Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

With a CGE model, we quantify the impact of the Customs Union between Turkey and the European Union (EU). Since the average tariff on non-agricultural imports will be less than 2 percent, the trade diversion costs of the Customs Union are quite small. Improved access to third country markets (through reciprocal preferential access agreements of the EU) results in the

Glenn W. Harrison; Thomas F. Rutherford; David G. Tarr

1997-01-01

448

Recruitment of patients into an Internet-based clinical trials database: the experience of OncoLink and the National Colorectal Cancer Research Alliance. | accrualnet.cancer.gov  

Cancer.gov

A national database for individuals interested in enrolling onto clinical trials that address the prevention and treatment of colorectal cancer allowed registration through the Internet or via phone. The vast majority of those who enrolled utilized the Internet-based option (88% vs 12%). Internet-based enrollees were younger on average than those who registered by phone. This paper may be useful for investigators considering use of the Internet for registration to a clinical trials database or other trial-related uses.

449

Rates and risk of hospitalisation among patients with type 2 diabetes: retrospective cohort study using the UK General Practice Research Database linked to English Hospital Episode Statistics  

PubMed Central

Aims To investigate the rates and risk of hospitalisations in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) mellitus in England. Methods This retrospective population-based cohort study used computerised records from the General Practice Research Database linked to Hospital Episode Statistics data in England. Patients with T2D from January 2006 to December 2010 were selected. Primary outcome measures were all-cause, non-diabetes-related, diabetes-related and hypoglycaemia-related hospitalisations. Factors associated with all-cause and diabetes-related hospitalisations were investigated with Cox's proportional hazards models. Results Amongst 97,689 patients with T2D, approximately 60% had at least one hospitalisation during the 4-year study period. Rates of hospitalisation were as follows: all-cause, 33.9 per 100 patient-years (pt-yrs); non-diabetes-related, 29.1 per 100 pt-yrs; diabetes-related, 18.8 per 100 pt-yrs and hypoglycaemia, 0.3 per 100 pt-yrs. The risk of all-cause hospitalisation increased with hospitalisation in the previous year, insulin use and the presence of major comorbidities. The risk of a diabetes-related hospitalisation increased with age, female gender, insulin use, chronic renal insufficiency, hypoglycaemia (as diagnosed by a general practitioner) and diabetes-related hospitalisation in the previous year. Conclusions Patients with T2D are hospitalised at a considerably high rate for causes directly related with diabetes complications and stay longer in hospital. History of hospitalisation and complications of diabetes were found to be predictive of inpatient hospitalisations suggesting previous hospitalisation episodes could serve as points of intervention. This study highlights important areas for healthcare intervention and provides a reminder for vigilance when risk factors for hospitalisation in patients with T2D are present. PMID:24112108

Khalid, J M; Raluy-Callado, M; Curtis, B H; Boye, K S; Maguire, A; Reaney, M

2014-01-01

450

ASMENET Jobs Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Society of Mechanical Engineers offers this searchable and browsable (see database search tip) database of Mechanical Engineering related jobs. The database can be searched by location, title, company, or job responsibilities.

1998-01-01

451

Visual exploration across biomedical databases.  

PubMed

Though biomedical research often draws on knowledge from a wide variety of fields, few visualization methods for biomedical data incorporate meaningful cross-database exploration. A new approach is offered for visualizing and exploring a query-based subset of multiple heterogeneous biomedical databases. Databases are modeled as an entity-relation graph containing nodes (database records) and links (relationships between records). Users specify a keyword search string to retrieve an initial set of nodes, and then explore intra- and interdatabase links. Results are visualized with user-defined semantic substrates to take advantage of the rich set of attributes usually present in biomedical data. Comments from domain experts indicate that this visualization method is potentially advantageous for biomedical knowledge exploration. PMID:21233530

Lieberman, Michael D; Taheri, Sima; Guo, Huimin; Mirrashed, Fatemeh; Yahav, Inbal; Aris, Aleks; Shneiderman, Ben

2011-01-01

452

ARTI refrigerant database  

SciTech Connect

The Refrigerant Database is an information system on alternative refrigerants, associated lubricants, and their use in air conditioning and refrigeration. It consolidates and facilitates access to property, compatibility, environmental, safety, application and other information. It provides corresponding information on older refrigerants, to assist manufactures and those using alternative refrigerants, to make comparisons and determine differences. The underlying purpose is to accelerate phase out of chemical compounds of environmental concern. The database provides bibliographic citations and abstracts for publications that may be useful in research and design of air-conditioning and refrigeration equipment. The complete documents are not included, though some may be added at a later date. The database identifies sources of specific information on many refrigerants including propane, ammonia, water, carbon dioxide, propylene, ethers, and others as well as azeotropic and zeotropic blends of these fluids. It addresses lubricants including alkylbenzene, polyalkylene glycol, polyolester, and other synthetics as well as mineral oils. It also references documents addressing compatibility of refrigerants and lubricants with metals, plastics, elastomers, motor insulation, and other materials used in refrigerant circuits. Incomplete citations or abstracts are provided for some documents. They are included to accelerate availability of the information and will be completed or replaced in future updates.

Calm, J.M. [Calm (James M.), Great Falls, VA (United States)

1998-08-01

453

ARTI refrigerant database  

SciTech Connect

The Refrigerant Database is an information system on alternative refrigerants, associated lubricants, and their use in air conditioning and refrigeration. It consolidates and facilitates access to property, compatibility, environmental, safety, application and other information. It provides corresponding information on older refrigerants, to assist manufacturers and those using alterative refrigerants, to make comparisons and determine differences. The underlying purpose is to accelerate phase out of chemical compounds of environmental concern. The database provides bibliographic citations and abstracts for publications that may be useful in research and design of air-conditioning and refrigeration equipment. The complete documents are not included, though some may be added at a later date. The database identifies sources of specific information on various refrigerants. It addresses lubricants including alkylbenzene, polyalkylene glycol, polyolester, and other synthetics as well as mineral oils. It also references documents addressing compatibility of refrigerants and lubricants with metals, plastics, elastomers, motor insulation, and other materials used in refrigerant circuits. Incomplete citations or abstracts are provided for some documents. They are included to accelerate availability of the information and will be completed or replaced in future updates.

Calm, J.M.

1997-02-01

454

ARTI Refrigerant Database  

SciTech Connect

The Refrigerant Database consolidates and facilitates access to information to assist industry in developing equipment using alternative refrigerants. The underlying purpose is to accelerate phase out of chemical compounds of environmental concern. The database provides bibliographic citations and abstracts for publications that may be useful in research and design of air-conditioning and refrigeration equipment. The complete documents are not included. The database identifies sources of specific information on R-32, R-123, R-124, R-125, R-134, R-134a, R-141b, R-142b, R-143a, R-152a, R-245ca, R-290 (propane), R-717 (ammonia), ethers, and others as well as azeotropic and zeotropic blends of these fluids. It addresses lubricants including alkylbenzene, polyalkylene glycol, ester, and other synthetics as well as mineral oils. It also references documents addressing compatibility of refrigerants and lubricants with metals, plastics, elastomers, motor insulation, and other materials used in refrigerant circuits. Incomplete citations or abstracts are provided for some documents to accelerate availability of the information and will be completed or replaced in future updates.

Cain, J.M. (Calm (James M.), Great Falls, VA (United States))

1993-04-30

455

A Chronostratigraphic Relational Database Ontology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A chronostratigraphic research database was donated by British Petroleum to the Stratigraphy Group at the Energy and Geoscience Institute (EGI), University of Utah. These data consists of over 2,000 measured sections representing over three decades of research into the application of the graphic correlation method. The data are global and includes both microfossil (foraminifera, calcareous nannoplankton, spores, pollen, dinoflagellate cysts, etc) and macrofossil data. The objective of the donation was to make the research data available to the public in order to encourage additional chronostratigraphy studies, specifically regarding graphic correlation. As part of the National Science Foundation's Cyberinfrastructure for the Geosciences (GEON) initiative these data have been made available to the public at http://css.egi.utah.edu. To encourage further research using the graphic correlation method, EGI has developed a software package, StrataPlot that will soon be publicly available from the GEON website as a standalone software download. The EGI chronostratigraphy research database, although relatively large, has many data holes relative to some paleontological disciplines and geographical areas, so the challenge becomes how do we expand the data available for chronostratigrahic studies using graphic correlation. There are several public or soon-to-be public databases available to chronostratigraphic research, but they have their own data structures and modes of presentation. The heterogeneous nature of these database schemas hinders their integration and makes it difficult for the user to retrieve and consolidate potentially valuable chronostratigraphic data. The integration of these data sources would facilitate rapid and comprehensive data searches, thus helping advance studies in chronostratigraphy. The GEON project will host a number of databases within the geology domain, some of which contain biostratigraphic data. Ontologies are being developed to provide an integrated query system for the searching across GEON's biostratigraphy databases, as well as databases available in the public domain. Although creating an ontology directly from the existing database metadata would have been effective and straightforward, our effort was directed towards creating a more efficient representation of our database, as well as a general representation of the biostratigraphic domain.

Platon, E.; Gary, A.; Sikora, P.

2005-12-01

456

Mouse Phenome Database (MPD).  

PubMed

The Mouse Phenome Project was launched a decade ago to complement mouse genome sequencing efforts by promoting new phenotyping initiatives under standardized conditions and collecting the data in a central public database, the Mouse Phenome Database (MPD; http://phenome.jax.org). MPD houses a wealth of strain characteristics data to facilitate the use of the laboratory mouse in translational research for human health and disease, helping alleviate problems involving experimentation in humans that cannot be done practically or ethically. Data sets are voluntarily contributed by researchers from a variety of institutions and settings, or in some cases, retrieved by MPD staff from public sources. MPD maintains a growing collection of standardized reference data that assists investigators in selecting mouse strains for research applications; houses treatment/control data for drug studies and other interventions; offers a standardized platform for discovering genotype-phenotype relationships; and provides tools for hypothesis testing. MPD improvements and updates since our last NAR report are presented, including the addition of new tools and features to facilitate navigation and data mining as well as the acquisition of new data (phenotypic, genotypic and gene expression). PMID:22102583

Maddatu, Terry P; Grubb, Stephen C; Bult, Carol J; Bogue, Molly A

2012-01-01

457

Earth Impact Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Earth Impact Database is provided by researchers at the Geological Survey of Canada. The Web site offers a crater inventory that contains the craters name, location, latitude and longitude, diameter, age, and whether it is buried or drilled. The table can be sorted by crater name, diameter, or location, and can even be viewed in a printer friendly format. Another feature of the site is the crater image archive, which contains similar information but includes a link to various aerial graphics of the craters such as Landsat images. Many other informative links are provided culminating in a very interesting and informative Web site.

458

Lighthouse Explorer Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Spotted by ResearchBuzz, this site from the Lighthouse Depot, a "virtual community" (and store) for lighthouse enthusiasts, contains a database with information on over 1,300 lighthouses around the world. Visitors may browse the listings alphabetically, by category, by state or country, or search by keyword. Entries include name, location, supervising organization, contact information, email and Website when available, and in some cases a photo. Other useful information is also provided when available, such as the dates the lighthouse was built and operational, whether or not it is open to the public, and driving directions.

459

SONOMA STUDENT UNION CORPORATION Sonoma State University  

E-print Network

SONOMA STUDENT UNION CORPORATION Sonoma State University BYLAWS For the entirety of this document, the following acronyms and/or abbreviated references shall apply: SSU shall be understood as Sonoma State be understood as the Sonoma Student Union Corporation. Board shall be understood as Board of Directors ofthe

Ravikumar, B.

460

Women and Unions: Forging a Partnership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains the views of 40 contributors on women and unions, organized into 15 chapters on six topics: Closing the Wage Gap; Meeting Family Needs; Temporary and Part-Time Work: Opportunity or Danger?; Homework; Developing a Realistic Approach; New Directions in Organizing and Representing Women; and Female Leadership and Union Cultures:

Cobble, Dorothy Sue, Ed.

461

Why Union Activists Write Good Stories  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The representative structure of a union is a maze which, when travelled as a narrative, has drama at every turn. It sets up expectations, pits good against evil, involves many characters with different interests, keeps the clock ticking, and offers opportunities for happy endings (and disappointments) at every level. Union members who are not

Worthen, Helena H.

2013-01-01

462

Women in Trade Unions: Organizing the Unorganized.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains a comparative survey of efforts to organize female workers in trade unions in both developing and industrialized nations and 19 case studies of efforts to organize female workers in selected occupations. The following papers are included: "A Comparative Survey" (Swasti Mitter); "The Union of Women Domestic Employees, Recife,

Martens, Margaret Hosmer, Ed.; Mitter, Swasti, Ed.

463

Increasing Union Safety at Ole Miss.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the inclusion of a police substation in the student union of the University of Mississippi and its positive impact on administrators and students. The importance of having visible security and how it was designed into the facility are discussed; and the desired goals, shared by Union staff and the university police, that drove the design

Hodge, Eldrid; Elmore, David

1999-01-01

464

Overview of selected molecular biological databases  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents an overview of the purpose, content, and design of a subset of the currently available biological databases, with an emphasis on protein databases. Databases included in this summary are 3D-ALI, Berlin RNA databank, Blocks, DSSP, EMBL Nucleotide Database, EMP, ENZYME, FSSP, GDB, GenBank, HSSP, LiMB, PDB, PIR, PKCDD, ProSite, and SWISS-PROT. The goal is to provide a starting point for researchers who wish to take advantage of the myriad available databases. Rather than providing a complete explanation of each database, we present its content and form by explaining the details of typical entries. Pointers to more complete ``user guides`` are included, along with general information on where to search for a new database.

Rayl, K.D.; Gaasterland, T.

1994-11-01

465

12 CFR 701.26 - Credit union service contracts.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Credit union service contracts. 701.26 Section 701.26 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS ORGANIZATION AND OPERATION OF FEDERAL...

2010-01-01

466

12 CFR 701.2 - Federal credit union bylaws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Federal credit union bylaws. 701.2 Section 701.2 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS ORGANIZATION AND OPERATION OF FEDERAL CREDIT...

2010-01-01

467

12 CFR 741.206 - Corporate credit unions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Corporate credit unions. 741.206 Section 741.206 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS REQUIREMENTS FOR INSURANCE Regulations...

2010-01-01

468

12 CFR 705.8 - State-chartered credit unions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false State-chartered credit unions. 705.8 Section 705.8 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT REVOLVING LOAN PROGRAM FOR...

2010-01-01

469

75 FR 80678 - Conversions of Insured Credit Unions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION 12 CFR Parts 708a and 708b RIN 3133-AD84; 3133-AD85 Conversions of Insured Credit Unions AGENCY: National Credit Union Administration (NCUA). ACTION: Interim...

2010-12-23

470

12 CFR 710.9 - Federally insured state credit unions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Federally insured state credit unions. 710.9 Section 710.9 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS VOLUNTARY LIQUIDATION 710.9 Federally...

2010-01-01

471

12 CFR 705.7 - Loans to participating credit unions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Loans to participating credit unions. 705.7 Section 705.7 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT REVOLVING LOAN PROGRAM FOR...

2010-01-01

472

29 CFR 452.76 - Campaigning by union officers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Campaigning by union officers. 452.76 Section 452.76...Safeguards 452.76 Campaigning by union officers. Unless restricted by constitutional provisions to the contrary, union officers and employes retain their...

2010-07-01

473

12 CFR 741.222 - Credit union service organizations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Credit union service organizations. 741.222 Section...222 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS REQUIREMENTS FOR INSURANCE...

2010-01-01

474

Union Pacific: History and Photos  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created in 1862 to construct half of the first transcontinental railroad, Union Pacific (UP) became one of America's leading railroads, hauling passengers and freight through some of the most rugged and scenic regions of America. Anyone with an interest in American railroads, from hardcore trainspotters to the mildly curious will enjoy this site, which celebrates UP's long history with short texts and a plethora of photos and images. Users can read about the caboose and passenger trains, learn about historic UP yards and shops, and review several chronologies. The heart of the site, however, is the photo gallery, which features images of historic advertisements, structures and yards, nineteenth-century stereo views, scenic locations, and a large number of trains (steam and diesel) in action. Take a ride on the rails.

475

BIOSPIDA: A Relational Database Translator for NCBI.  

PubMed

As the volume and availability of biological databases continue widespread growth, it has become increasingly difficult for research scientists to identify all relevant information for biological entities of interest. Details of nucleotide sequences, gene expression, molecular interactions, and three-dimensional structures are maintained across many different databases. To retrieve all necessary information requires an integrated system that can query multiple databases with minimized overhead. This paper introduces a universal parser and relational schema translator that can be utilized for all NCBI databases in Abstract Syntax Notation (ASN.1). The data models for OMIM, Entrez-Gene, Pubmed, MMDB and GenBank have been successfully converted into relational databases and all are easily linkable helping to answer complex biological questions. These tools facilitate research scientists to locally integrate databases from NCBI without significant workload or development time. PMID:21347013

Hagen, Matthew S; Lee, Eva K

2010-01-01

476

BIOSPIDA: A Relational Database Translator for NCBI  

PubMed Central

As the volume and availability of biological databases continue widespread growth, it has become increasingly difficult for research scientists to identify all relevant information for biological entities of interest. Details of nucleotide sequences, gene expression, molecular interactions, and three-dimensional structures are maintained across many different databases. To retrieve all necessary information requires an integrated system that can query multiple databases with minimized overhead. This paper introduces a universal parser and relational schema translator that can be utilized for all NCBI databases in Abstract Syntax Notation (ASN.1). The data models for OMIM, Entrez-Gene, Pubmed, MMDB and GenBank have been successfully converted into relational databases and all are easily linkable helping to answer complex biological questions. These tools facilitate research scientists to locally integrate databases from NCBI without significant workload or development time. PMID:21347013

Hagen, Matthew S.; Lee, Eva K.

2010-01-01

477

SPATIAL DATABASE MODELING WITH PICTOGRAMMIC LANGUAGES Yvan Bdard, Suzie Larrive  

E-print Network

SPATIAL DATABASE MODELING WITH PICTOGRAMMIC LANGUAGES Yvan Bédard, Suzie Larrivée Dept of Geomatics Sciences Centre for Research in Geomatics Canada NSERC Industrial Research Chair in Geospatial Databases language extension, Spatial data modeling, Perceptory pictograms. DEFINITION "Spatial databases" consist

478

Design considerations for small, special-system developmental databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Small developmental databases, devoted to special systems and run by a normal research laboratory, differ qualitatively as well as quantitatively from larger databases described elsewhere in this volume. Resource limits set different optimum balances between computing elegance and ease of construction, while flexibility of design and semantics often assume greatest importance because specialist research databases are most useful when understanding

Jamie A. Davies; Andr W. Brndli; David Hunter; Pekka Nieminen

1997-01-01

479

Familial Aggregation of Lymphoproliferative Disorders from the Scandinavian Family Cancer Database  

Cancer.gov

Familial aggregation of lymphoproliferative disorders from the Scandinavian family cancer database Print This Page Familial Aggregation of Lymphoproliferative Disorders from the Scandinavian Family Cancer Database Our Research

480

ESO scalable architecture for operational databases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The European Organisation for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere (ESO), headquartered in Garching, Germany, operates different state-of-the-art observing sites in Chile. To manage observatory operations and observation transfer, ESO developed an end-to-end Data Flow System, from Phase I proposal preparation to the final archiving of quality-controlled science, calibration and engineering data. All information pertinent to the data flow is stored in the central databases at ESO headquarters and replicated to and from the observatory database servers. In the ESO's data flow model one can distinguish two groups of databases; the front-end databases, which are replicated from the ESO headquarters to the observing sites, and the back-end databases, where replication is directed from the observations to the headquarters. A part of the front-end database contains the Observation Blocks (OBs), which are sequences of operations necessary to perform an observation, such as instrument setting, target, filter and/or grism ID, exposure time, etc. Observatory operations rely on fast access to the OB database and quick recovery strategies in case of a database outage. After several years of operations, those databases have grown considerably. There was a necessity in reviewing the database architecture to find a solution that support scalability of the operational databases. We present the newly developed concept of distributing the OBs bet