Note: This page contains sample records for the topic union research database from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of Science.gov
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.
Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

LLNL Middle East and North Africa and Former Soviet Union Research Database.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The primary objective of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) Seismic Research Knowledge Base (SRKB) is to help coordinate the LLNL Ground-Based Nuclear Explosion Monitoring (GNEM) Middle East, North Africa (ME/NA) and Former Soviet Union (FS...

J. L. OBoyle S. D. Ruppert T. F. Hauk D. Dodge M. Firpo

2000-01-01

2

LLNL Middle East and North Africa and Former Soviet Union Research Database.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) Ground-Based Nuclear Explosion Monitoring (GNEM) R&D program has made significant progress populating a comprehensive Seismic Research Knowledge Base (SRKB) and deriving calibration parameters for the Midd...

D. Dodge J. L. O'Boyle M. Firpo S. D. Ruppert T. F. Hauk

2000-01-01

3

Researching the European Union  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site is the European Union's official and comprehensive guide for scholars and researchers studying its institutions. Users will find information on document access, treaties and institutions, legislation, and EU publishing operations. The site also provides overviews of official and related institutions and the legislative process in the Union. Researchers will be especially interested in the sections on Legislative Documents and Print Research Tools, Using Annual Reports and Informational Documents, and Bibliographic and Other Guides. The synoptic tables of basic documents, quick visual guides to the documents described on the site and their availability, are additional valuable tools.

1997-01-01

4

Biomedical journal collaboration in London: development of the union database  

Microsoft Academic Search

During 2001-2002 a union database of holdings of biomedical journals in a number of higher education and research institutes in London was created. The project was one of several funded through the British Library's Co-operation and Partnership Programme. This paper describes the practical steps involved in designing the database (using Microsoft Access software), collecting the data and developing an appropriate

Mark Fisher

2003-01-01

5

Database of small research watersheds for the territory of former Soviet Union as a source of data for improving hydrological models and their parameterizations in different geographical conditions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One of widely claimed problems in modern modelling hydrology is lack of available information to investigate hydrological processes and improve their representation in the models. In spite of this, one hardly might confidently say that existing "traditional" data sources have been already fully analyzed and made use of. There existed the network of research watersheds in USSR called water-balance stations where comprehensive and extensive hydrometeorological measurements were conducted according to more or less single program during the last 40-60 years. The program (where not ceased) includes observations of discharges in several, often nested and homogeneous, small watersheds, meteorological elements, evaporation, soil temperature and moisture, snow depths, etc. The network covered different climatic and landscape zones and was established in the middle of the last century with the aim of investigation of the runoff formation in different conditions. Until recently the long-term observational data accompanied by descriptions and maps had existed only in hard copies. It partly explains why these datasets are not enough exploited yet and very rarely or even never were used for the purposes of hydrological modelling although they seem to be much more promising than implementation of the completely new measuring techniques not detracting from its importance. The goal of the presented work is development of a database of observational data and supportive materials from small research watersheds across the territory of the former Soviet Union. The first version of the database will include the following information for 12 water-balance stations across Russia, Ukraine, Kazahstan and Turkmenistan: daily values of discharges (one or several watersheds), air temperature, humidity, precipitation (one or several gauges), soil and snow state variables, soil and snow evaporation. The stations will cover desert and semi desert, steppe and forest steppe, forest, permafrost and mountainous zones. Supportive material will include maps of watershed boundaries and location of observational sites. Text descriptions of the data, measuring techniques and hydrometeorological conditions related to each of the water-balance station will accompany the datasets. The database is supposed to be expanded with time in number of the stations (by 20) and available data series for each of them. It will be uploaded to the internet with open access to everyone interested in. Such a database allows one to test hydrological models and separate modules for their adequacy and workability in different conditions and can serve as a base for models comparison and evaluation. Special profit of the database will gain models that don't rely on calibration but on the adequate process representation and use of the observable parameters. One of such models, process-based Hydrograph model, will be tested against the data from every watershed from the developed database. The aim of the Hydrograph model application to the as many as possible number of research data-rich watersheds in different climatic zones is both amending the algorithms and creation and adjustment of the model parameters that allow using the model across the geographic spectrum.

Lebedeva, Liudmila; Semenova, Olga

2013-04-01

6

DATARIs: Database on Research Institutes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR), in cooperation with the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), maintain DATARIs, a collection of databases providing information from and about research institutes specializing in international relations and security. DATARIs includes directory databases on research institutes and documentation centers, bibliographic databases on research institute projects and publications, and a database providing information about databases maintained by associated research institutes. Each searchable database offers an easy-to-use search form interface, facilitating queries for users.

1998-01-01

7

European Union database of acrylamide levels in food: Update and critical review of data collection  

Microsoft Academic Search

The European Commission's Directorate General Joint Research Centre has been collecting data produced by European Union Member States on the acrylamide content of food since 2003. More than 9000 individual data points have been received from official food control laboratories directly or via their Competent Authorities, and from the food industry. Before being entered into the database, the data were

T. Wenzl; E. Anklam

2007-01-01

8

WHITHER BIOLOGICAL DATABASE RESEARCH?  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

We consider how the landscape of biological databases may evolve in the future, and what research is needed to realize this evolution. We suggest today's dispersal of diverse resources will only increase as the number and size of those resources, driving the need for semantic interoperability even ...

9

Trade Unions and Social Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These 15 papers originate from a conference that brought together researchers and trade unionists from a number of countries to examine the potential for a more democratic, active, and participative form of collaboration or "research as engagement." The first half contains chapters that explore, theoretically, the nature of research within a…

Forrester, Keith, Ed.; Thorne, Colin, Ed.

10

Trade Unions and Social Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These 15 papers originate from a conference that brought together researchers and trade unionists from a number of countries to examine the potential for a more democratic, active, and participative form of collaboration or "research as engagement." The first half contains chapters that explore, theoretically, the nature of research within a…

Forrester, Keith, Ed.; Thorne, Colin, Ed.

11

Optoelectronics research in the former Soviet Union  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Optoelectronics research in the former Soviet Union has been examined in the areas of eptitaxial layer growth and device processing, photonic devices such as semiconductor laser and photodetectors, high-speed lasers, the integration of photonic devices and transistors for optoelectronic integrated circuits (OEIC's), optical amplifiers, optoelectronic switching, and optical communications. These devices are largely prepared with 3-5 compound semiconductors. The assessment by a panel of US experts is based on a review of the translated Soviet technical literature, supplemented by information from recent visits to the former Soviet Union. The majority of Soviet optoelectronic devices were fabricated on wafers prepared by liquid-phase epitaxy. The strongest area of Soviet optoelectronic device research has been semiconductor lasers. No reports of ER(3+)-doped fiber amplifiers were found in the Soviet literature. However, Er(3+)-doped fiber fabrication is extremely simple, and, given its traditional strengths in the area of glass fabrication, the former Soviet Union should have the capability to fabricate Er(3+)-doped optical-fiber amplifiers. The current turmoil in the former Soviet Union makes predictions of the future difficult. It is likely that researchers will be driven to develop funding ties with foreign entities, and they also will become better integrated into the world research community by publishing in foreign (mainly US) journals.

Casey, H. C., Jr.; Bishop, S. G.; Eichen, E.; Kazarinov, R. F.; Taylor, H. F.

1992-05-01

12

Databases and political science research  

Microsoft Academic Search

To date, librarians have not produced a study comparing databases that are appropriate for political science research. This study compares the coverage, content, and retrieval methods for nine databases. The study uses sampling to evaluate search results for six topics, providing relevancy percentages for each database. The article also reviews the types of documents cited in these samples, and provides

Thomas Schaffer

2001-01-01

13

Native Health Research Database  

MedlinePLUS

... THIS APP WITH JAVASCRIPT TURNED OFF. THE NATIVE HEALTH DATABASE REQUIRES JAVASCRIPT IN ORDER TO FUNCTION. PLEASE ... Data and Links, U.S. Census Bureau American Indian Health from the National Library of Medicine Arctic Health ...

14

Research topics in pictorial databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pictures are natural and effective means of communication among people, computers, and robotics. A pictorial database is a collection of sharable pictorial data encoded in various formats. During the past several years, pictorial databases have attracted growing attention as an important component in building pictorial information systems as well as intelligent information systems. Eight research tasks are presented. They are

Edward T. Lee

2004-01-01

15

Virtual OPACs versus Union Database: Two Models of Union Catalogue Provision.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Considers some of the major technical and organizational issues involved in virtual-catalog production, contrasting them with the traditional union catalog approach exemplified by COPAC, an online public-access catalog composed of academic libraries in the United Kingdom. Suggest a method of integrating these two models of the union catalog.…

Cousins, Shirley

1999-01-01

16

Developing Pro-Active Research Roles for Teacher Unions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Limited professional focus appears to impair teacher unions' external influence and internal communication. Inquiry and research may be used as a strategy to improve professional focus thereby increasing teacher unions' influence within the profession and helping them effectively address structural change issues. By shifting to the inquiry mode,…

Naylor, Charlie

17

Building the Infrastructure of Resource Sharing: Union Catalogs, Distributed Search, and Cross-Database Linkage.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Union catalogs and distributed search systems are two ways users can locate materials in print and electronic formats. This article examines the advantages and limitations of both approaches and argues that they should be considered complementary rather than competitive. Discusses technologies creating linkage between catalogs and databases and…

Lynch, Clifford A.

1997-01-01

18

Application of the International Union of Radioecologists soil-to-plant database to Canadian settings.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The International Union of Radioecologists (IUR) has compiled a very large database of soil-to-plant transfer factors. These factors are ratios of the radionuclide concentrations in dry plants divided by the corresponding concentrations in dry soil to a s...

S. C. Sheppard

1995-01-01

19

Database Support for Research in Public Administration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines the extent to which databases support student and faculty research in the area of public administration. A list of journals in public administration, public policy, political science, public budgeting and finance, and other related areas was compared to the journal content list of six business databases. These databases

Tucker, James Cory

2005-01-01

20

OVERVIEW OF CURRENT PARAPSYCHOLOGY RESEARCH IN THE FORMER SOVIET UNION  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an in-depth discussion of research of anomalous mental phenomena (AMP) in the former Soviet Union. The authors spent approximately two months in Russia during 1992 and 1993, interacting with researchers in Moscow and Novosibirsk. The authors primarily discuss experiments in anomalous perturbation (often referred to as psychokinesis-PK and bio- which have been the main focus of AMP

Edwin C. May; Larissa Vilenskaya

21

Correlates of Access to Business Research Databases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines potential correlates of business research database access through academic libraries serving top business programs in the United States. Results indicate that greater access to research databases is related to enrollment in graduate business programs, but not to overall enrollment or status as a public or private institution.…

Gottfried, John C.

2010-01-01

22

Impact assessment of oncology research in the European Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study the distribution of papers published by authors from the European Union (EU) in oncological journals was analysed, as was the impact of oncological research in the EU compared with that produced in other countries. Papers published during 1995 in the oncological journals listed by ISI (Institute for Scientific Information, Philadelphia, U.S.A.) were downloaded. The parameters of impact

G. S Mela; M. A Cimmino; D Ugolini

1999-01-01

23

Reforming Educational Reform: Teachers' Union Leading Teacher Research in Chile  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The teacher research movement in Chile has, historically, been an expression of the profession's concerns with the ways in which schooling reproduces and produces the social order in the broader society. The work currently done by members of the union's Pedagogical Movement is described, showing the connections between the scope of problems…

Montecinos, Carmen

2009-01-01

24

Current Mental Retardation Research in the Soviet Union.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The paper consists of a review of 24 studies on mental retardation published in two Soviet journals between 1970 and 1980. An introductory section focuses on the theoretical framework for mental retardation research in the Soviet Union with a differentiation between oligophrenics (who have organic brain damage) and the intellectually backward (or…

Holowinsky, Ivan Z.

25

Electronic Databases for Linguistic and Language Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews electronic language data oriented specifically toward linguistic and language research, including machine-readable versions of established dictionaries; text databases, including newspapers and books; speech databases with phonetic/orthographic transcriptions; and bulletin boards and news groups available over computer networks. (17…

Oshika, Beatrice T.; Krausse, Sylvia C.

1992-01-01

26

Scientists Report New Online Cancer Research Databases  

Cancer.gov

Like the old saying "art for art's sake," most medical researchers once believed that creating large computer databases of known genes or DNA sequences was a case of gathering information for the sake of gathering information.

27

Public health research systems in the European union  

PubMed Central

Background Strengthening health research is an important objective for international health organisations, but there has been less attention to support for health research in Europe. We describe the public-health (population and organisational level) research systems in the 27 European Union countries. Methods We developed a typology for describing health research structures based on funding streams and strategies. We drew data from internet sources and asked country informants to review these for consistency and completeness. The structures were described as organograms and narratives in country profiles for each of the 27 EU member states. National public-health research structures included public and independent funding organisations, 'mixed' institutions (which receive funds, and both use and allocate them) and provider institutions. Results Most health research is funded through ministries of science or science councils (and sometimes foundations), while parliaments and regions may also contribute. National institutes of public health are usually funded by ministries of health. Many national research organisations both determine research programmes and undertake health research, but there is a move towards public-health sciences within the universities, and a transition from internal grants to competitive funding. Of 27 national research strategies, 17 referred to health and 11 to public health themes. Although all countries had strategies for public health itself, we found little coherence in public-health research programmes. The European Commission has country contact points for both EU research and health programmes, but they do not coordinate with national health-research programmes. Conclusions Public-health research is broadly distributed across programmes in EU countries. Better understanding of research structures, programmes and results would improve recognition for public health in Europe, and contribute to practice. EU ministries of health should give greater attention to national public-health research strategies and programmes, and the European Union and the World Health Organisation can provide coordination and support.

2011-01-01

28

[Project database health services research Germany].  

PubMed

"Versorgungsforschung Deutschland" (Health Services Research Germany) is a database for health services research projects in Germany which is free, publicly accessible and still growing. The aim is to contribute to the transparency in this research field, to identify best practice models and to facilitate the exchange of research results. All researchers and all institutions which carry out health services research projects are requested to make projects directly known via this internet platform in order to promote the faster implementation of research results into practice. PMID:22193893

Grenz-Farenholtz, B; Schmidt, A; Zach, D; Verheyen, F; Pfaff, H

2011-12-22

29

Nucleic Acids Research annual Database Issue and the NAR online Molecular Biology Database Collection in 2009  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current issue of Nucleic Acids Research includes descriptions of 179 databases, of which 95 are new. These databases (along with several molecular biology databases described in other journals) have been included in the Nucleic Acids Research online Molecular Biology Database Collection, bringing the total number of databases in the collection to 1170. In this introductory com- ment, we briefly

Michael Y. Galperin; Guy Cochrane

2009-01-01

30

Complex Carbohydrate Research Center Spectral Databases  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Dr. William York of the Complex Carbohydrate Research Center has created these two databases with scientific input from others at the University of Georgia. The Xyloglucan NMR Database consists of a searchable table of the ?H-NMR chemical shifts of xyloglucan oligoglycosyl alditols. Xyloglucans are highly branched polymers with a cellulosic backbone (i.e., consisting of b-(1,4)-linked D-glucosyl residues). The basis for the most commonly used nomenclature for xyloglucan structures comes from the linear array of glycosyl side chains that many of the backbone residues bear. The Partially Methylated Alditol Acetate (PMAA) Database shows the molecular structures of PMAAs derived from Hexopyranosyl, Pentopyranosyl, and Pentofuranosyl Residues. Users view the structures by gliding the mouse over a table. The PMAA Database also says that electron-impact mass spectra are available, but at the time of publication, these links weren't working. The Xyloglucan database comes with overviews, search guides, and nomenclature information. The PMAA database has a help page. Both require a free login.

York, William ..

2001-01-01

31

A Visual Database Environment for Scientific Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a visual database environment designed to be used for scientific research in the imaging sciences. It provides hierarchical relational structures that allow the user to model data as entities possessing properties, parts and relationships, and it supports multi-level queries on these structures. A schema constructor interface allows users to define for each structure, not only its components,

Rex M. Jakobovits; Lara M. Lewis; James P. Ahrens; Linda G. Shapiro; Steven L. Tanimoto; James F. Brinkley

1996-01-01

32

Indexing Research Papers in Open Access Databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper synthesizes the actions performed in order to transform a classic\\u000ascientific research journal - 'Annals. Computer Science Series' - available\\u000aonly in printed form until 2008, into a modern e-journal with free access to\\u000athe full text of the articles. For achieving this goal, the research papers\\u000ahave been included in various article databases, portals and library catalogs

Alexandra-Emilia Fortis

2009-01-01

33

Biomedical journals and databases in Russia and Russian language in the former Soviet Union and beyond  

PubMed Central

In the 20th century, Russian biomedical science experienced a decline from the blossom of the early years to a drastic state. Through the first decades of the USSR, it was transformed to suit the ideological requirements of a totalitarian state and biased directives of communist leaders. Later, depressing economic conditions and isolation from the international research community further impeded its development. Contemporary Russia has inherited a system of medical education quite different from the west as well as counterproductive regulations for the allocation of research funding. The methodology of medical and epidemiological research in Russia is largely outdated. Epidemiology continues to focus on infectious disease and results of the best studies tend to be published in international periodicals. MEDLINE continues to be the best database to search for Russian biomedical publications, despite only a small proportion being indexed. The database of the Moscow Central Medical Library is the largest national database of medical periodicals, but does not provide abstracts and full subject heading codes, and it does not cover even the entire collection of the Library. New databases and catalogs (e.g. Panteleimon) that have appeared recently are incomplete and do not enable effective searching.

Vlassov, Vasiliy V; Danishevskiy, Kirill D

2008-01-01

34

A Database for Handwritten Text Recognition Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

An image database for handwritten text recognition research is described. Digital images of approximately 5000 city names, 5000 state names, 10000 ZIP Codes, and 50000 alphanumeric characters are included. Each image was scanned from mail in a working post office at 300 pixels\\/in in 8-bit gray scale on a high-quality flat bed digitizer. The data were unconstrained for the writer,

Jonathan J. Hull

1994-01-01

35

Nucleic Acids Research annual Database Issue and the NAR online Molecular Biology Database Collection in 2009  

PubMed Central

The current issue of Nucleic Acids Research includes descriptions of 179 databases, of which 95 are new. These databases (along with several molecular biology databases described in other journals) have been included in the Nucleic Acids Research online Molecular Biology Database Collection, bringing the total number of databases in the collection to 1170. In this introductory comment, we briefly describe some of these new databases and review the principles guiding the selection of databases for inclusion in the Nucleic Acids Research annual Database Issue and the Nucleic Acids Research online Molecular Biology Database Collection. The complete database list and summaries are available online at the Nucleic Acids Research web site (http://nar.oxfordjournals.org/).

Galperin, Michael Y.; Cochrane, Guy R.

2009-01-01

36

Natural radioactivity in building materials in the European Union: a database and an estimate of radiological significance.  

PubMed

The authors set up a database of activity concentration measurements of natural radionuclides (²²?Ra, ²³²Th and ??K) in building material. It contains about 10,000 samples of both bulk material (bricks, concrete, cement, natural- and phosphogypsum, sedimentary and igneous bulk stones) and superficial material (igneous and metamorphic stones) used in the construction industry in most European Union Member States. The database allowed the authors to calculate the activity concentration index I--suggested by a European technical guidance document and recently used as a basis for elaborating the draft Euratom Basic Safety Standards Directive--for bricks, concrete and phosphogypsum used in the European Union. Moreover, the percentage could be assessed of materials possibly subject to restrictions, if either of the two dose criteria proposed by the technical guidance were to be adopted. PMID:22230017

Trevisi, R; Risica, S; D'Alessandro, M; Paradiso, D; Nuccetelli, C

2011-11-10

37

European Union research and innovation perspectives on biotechnology.  

PubMed

"Food, Agriculture and Fisheries and Biotechnology" is one of 10 thematic areas in the Cooperation programme of the European Union's 7th Framework Programme for Research, Technological Development and Demonstration Activities (FP7). With a budget of nearly €2 billion for the period 2007-2013, its objective is to foster the development of a European Knowledge-Based Bio-Economy (KBBE) by bringing together science, industry and other stakeholders that produce, manage or otherwise exploit biological resources. Biotechnology plays an important role in addressing social, environmental and economic challenges and it is recognised as a key enabling technology in the transition to a green, low carbon and resource-efficient economy. Biotechnologies for non-health applications have received a considerable attention in FP7 and to date 61 projects on industrial, marine, plant, environmental and emerging biotechnologies have been supported with a contribution of €262.8 million from the European Commission (EC). This article presents an outlook of the research, technological development and demonstration activities in biotechnology currently supported in FP7 within the Cooperation programme, including a brief overview of the policy context. PMID:21745504

Cichocka, Danuta; Claxton, John; Economidis, Ioannis; Högel, Jens; Venturi, Piero; Aguilar, Alfredo

2011-07-01

38

CRITTER: A database for managing research animals  

PubMed Central

We describe CRITTER, a computer database program for managing research animals. We designed it especially for institutions which operate health surveillance plans, such as specific pathogen-free schemes. Because CRITTER can be used to record any type of test result in any species of animal, it can be customized to suit each institution and its management protocol. In addition to maintaining a current inventory of each individual animal and its location, the program retains historical information on those that have been removed from the colony. Output summaries are generated by selecting from a menu of standard reports or by designing a custom query. Although CRITTER has been designed for individual research establishments, it could be modified for use in area health surveillance programs. CRITTER operates on IBM compatible computers using a menu-driven, runtime version of Paradox.

Lees, V. Wayne; Lukey, Claire; Orr, Richard

1993-01-01

39

Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents the objective and methodology chosen for the construction of a global emissions source database called EDGAR and the structural design of the database system. The database estimates on a regional and grid basis, 1990 annual emissions of greenhouse gases, and of ozone depleting compounds from all known sources. (LZ)|

Olivier, J. G. J.; And Others

1994-01-01

40

Development of a Common Database for Digital Mammography Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this infrastructure project is to develop a large database of digitized mammograms that will be distributed free of charge to researchers working in all aspects of digital mammography. This database will facilitate and promote rapid develop...

R. M. Nishikawa

1995-01-01

41

Development of a Common Database for Digital Mammography Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this infrastructure project is to develop a large database of digitized mammograms that will be distributed free of charge to researchers working in all aspects of digital mammography. This database will facilitate and promote rapid develop...

R. M. Nishikawa

1998-01-01

42

Aggregated Interdisciplinary Databases and the Needs of Undergraduate Researchers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|After seeing growing frustration among inexperienced undergraduate researchers searching a popular aggregated interdisciplinary database, the authors questioned whether the leading interdisciplinary databases are serving undergraduates' needs. As a preliminary exploration of this question, the authors queried vendors, analyzed their marketing…

Fister, Barbara; Gilbert, Julie; Fry, Amy Ray

2008-01-01

43

The 2012 Nucleic Acids Research Database Issue and the online Molecular Biology Database Collection.  

PubMed

The 19th annual Database Issue of Nucleic Acids Research features descriptions of 92 new online databases covering various areas of molecular biology and 100 papers describing recent updates to the databases previously described in NAR and other journals. The highlights of this issue include, among others, a description of neXtProt, a knowledgebase on human proteins; a detailed explanation of the principles behind the NCBI Taxonomy Database; NCBI and EBI papers on the recently launched BioSample databases that store sample information for a variety of database resources; descriptions of the recent developments in the Gene Ontology and UniProt Gene Ontology Annotation projects; updates on Pfam, SMART and InterPro domain databases; update papers on KEGG and TAIR, two universally acclaimed databases that face an uncertain future; and a separate section with 10 wiki-based databases, introduced in an accompanying editorial. The NAR online Molecular Biology Database Collection, available at http://www.oxfordjournals.org/nar/database/a/, has been updated and now lists 1380 databases. Brief machine-readable descriptions of the databases featured in this issue, according to the BioDBcore standards, will be provided at the http://biosharing.org/biodbcore web site. The full content of the Database Issue is freely available online on the Nucleic Acids Research web site (http://nar.oxfordjournals.org/). PMID:22144685

Galperin, Michael Y; Fernández-Suárez, Xosé M

2011-12-05

44

The 2012 Nucleic Acids Research Database Issue and the online Molecular Biology Database Collection  

PubMed Central

The 19th annual Database Issue of Nucleic Acids Research features descriptions of 92 new online databases covering various areas of molecular biology and 100 papers describing recent updates to the databases previously described in NAR and other journals. The highlights of this issue include, among others, a description of neXtProt, a knowledgebase on human proteins; a detailed explanation of the principles behind the NCBI Taxonomy Database; NCBI and EBI papers on the recently launched BioSample databases that store sample information for a variety of database resources; descriptions of the recent developments in the Gene Ontology and UniProt Gene Ontology Annotation projects; updates on Pfam, SMART and InterPro domain databases; update papers on KEGG and TAIR, two universally acclaimed databases that face an uncertain future; and a separate section with 10 wiki-based databases, introduced in an accompanying editorial. The NAR online Molecular Biology Database Collection, available at http://www.oxfordjournals.org/nar/database/a/, has been updated and now lists 1380 databases. Brief machine-readable descriptions of the databases featured in this issue, according to the BioDBcore standards, will be provided at the http://biosharing.org/biodbcore web site. The full content of the Database Issue is freely available online on the Nucleic Acids Research web site (http://nar.oxfordjournals.org/).

Galperin, Michael Y.; Fernandez-Suarez, Xose M.

2012-01-01

45

Research in Synchronization Optimization of the Distributed Heterogeneous Database Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The data synchronous of the distributed heterogeneous database was one of the important research for the heterogeneous databases.\\u000a So, the research for improving the efficiency of data synchronization of the heterogeneous database had an important meaning.\\u000a This paper analysied the data synchronization optimization mechanism of the distributed heterogeneous database and realized\\u000a the theoretical of the data synchronization, and put forward

ZhenYou Zhang; LiHong Liu; Rui Zhang

46

The 2011 Nucleic Acids Research Database Issue and the online Molecular Biology Database Collection  

PubMed Central

The current 18th Database Issue of Nucleic Acids Research features descriptions of 96 new and 83 updated online databases covering various areas of molecular biology. It includes two editorials, one that discusses COMBREX, a new exciting project aimed at figuring out the functions of the ‘conserved hypothetical’ proteins, and one concerning BioDBcore, a proposed description of the ‘minimal information about a biological database’. Papers from the members of the International Nucleotide Sequence Database collaboration (INSDC) describe each of the participating databases, DDBJ, ENA and GenBank, principles of data exchange within the collaboration, and the recently established Sequence Read Archive. A testament to the longevity of databases, this issue includes updates on the RNA modification database, Definition of Secondary Structure of Proteins (DSSP) and Homology-derived Secondary Structure of Proteins (HSSP) databases, which have not been featured here in >12 years. There is also a block of papers describing recent progress in protein structure databases, such as Protein DataBank (PDB), PDB in Europe (PDBe), CATH, SUPERFAMILY and others, as well as databases on protein structure modeling, protein–protein interactions and the organization of inter-protein contact sites. Other highlights include updates of the popular gene expression databases, GEO and ArrayExpress, several cancer gene databases and a detailed description of the UK PubMed Central project. The Nucleic Acids Research online Database Collection, available at: http://www.oxfordjournals.org/nar/database/a/, now lists 1330 carefully selected molecular biology databases. The full content of the Database Issue is freely available online at the Nucleic Acids Research web site (http://nar.oxfordjournals.org/).

Galperin, Michael Y.; Cochrane, Guy R.

2011-01-01

47

The 2011 Nucleic Acids Research Database Issue and the online Molecular Biology Database Collection.  

PubMed

The current 18th Database Issue of Nucleic Acids Research features descriptions of 96 new and 83 updated online databases covering various areas of molecular biology. It includes two editorials, one that discusses COMBREX, a new exciting project aimed at figuring out the functions of the 'conserved hypothetical' proteins, and one concerning BioDBcore, a proposed description of the 'minimal information about a biological database'. Papers from the members of the International Nucleotide Sequence Database collaboration (INSDC) describe each of the participating databases, DDBJ, ENA and GenBank, principles of data exchange within the collaboration, and the recently established Sequence Read Archive. A testament to the longevity of databases, this issue includes updates on the RNA modification database, Definition of Secondary Structure of Proteins (DSSP) and Homology-derived Secondary Structure of Proteins (HSSP) databases, which have not been featured here in >12 years. There is also a block of papers describing recent progress in protein structure databases, such as Protein DataBank (PDB), PDB in Europe (PDBe), CATH, SUPERFAMILY and others, as well as databases on protein structure modeling, protein-protein interactions and the organization of inter-protein contact sites. Other highlights include updates of the popular gene expression databases, GEO and ArrayExpress, several cancer gene databases and a detailed description of the UK PubMed Central project. The Nucleic Acids Research online Database Collection, available at: http://www.oxfordjournals.org/nar/database/a/, now lists 1330 carefully selected molecular biology databases. The full content of the Database Issue is freely available online at the Nucleic Acids Research web site (http://nar.oxfordjournals.org/). PMID:21177655

Galperin, Michael Y; Cochrane, Guy R

2011-01-01

48

RIDE: the Research Infrastructure Database for EPOS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The European Plate Observing System (EPOS) is a European initiative which aims to promote and make possible innovative approaches for a better understanding of the physical processes laying behind natural events and geo-science phenomena (earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, unrest episodes and tsunamis etc.) by integrating existing national and trans-national Research Infrastructures (RIs). Such integration will increase access and use of the multidisciplinary data recorded by solid Earth monitoring networks, acquired in laboratory experiments and/or produced by computational simulations. Here we present the Research Infrastructures Database for EPOS (RIDE), a database containing technical information about the different RIs declared by EPOS partners and EPOS associate partners, which will eventually compose the EPOS distributed Research Infrastructure. The main goals of RIDE are (i) to allow the EPOS RI to be organized, with interactive access and information mining available to a broad community of users and stakeholders, (ii) to have a first set of information to be stored in the EPOS catalogue, which will be used as a basis for the development of EPOS Core Services, (iii) to enable EPOS partners to revise and update the current RI information, (iv) to show the contents of the EPOS integration plan to all stakeholders, (v) to facilitate the dissemination of existing data infrastructures to different communities and to promote a discussion within the community to implement the present data infrastructures. RIDE - whose driving technology is Apache CouchDB - contains at the current status detailed information on more than 200 Research Infrastructures. It enables any user to visualize RIs and sensors on a map, to carry out statistics on the stored data and to browse through the details of any RI. Based on the content of RIDE it is now possible to estimate the potential size of the new EPOS distributed RI: EPOS is going to integrate more than 7000 sensors (seismic stations, GPS stations and other kind of sensor stations), 66 seismic networks, 44 Laboratories, 31 GPS networks, 12 Volcano Observatories, 8 Geomagnetic Observatories, 5 Marine Research RIs and over 30 other kinds of RIs. The overall data volume to be handled will be more than 500 Terabytes, while the data storage capacity will exceed the limit of 1 Petabyte. More than 80 laboratories also included in EPOS RI, will be able to provide access to 622 instruments in order to carry out cutting edge science. With the help of RIDE it was also possible to carry out financial estimations about the national RIs involved in the EPOS integration plan, thus having a correlation between technical and economic details. Such a correlation enables us to have a clear picture of the economic value and operational cost of the facilities involved, including an in-depth estimation of instrument/sensor values, labour costs, installation costs and other parameters.

Bailo, Daniele; Bartoloni, Alessandro; Jeffery, Keith G.; Clemenceau, Alice; Hoffmann, Thomas L.

2013-04-01

49

RESEARCH DATABASES IN SERBIA & INFORMATION DISSEMINATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through a detailed review of STM and busi- ness content available in Serbia, this article depicts the value of particular databases and the impact of a tre- mendous influx of information into the country in re- cent years. The two most comprehensive databases are provided by EBSCO Publishing (EBSCO), the world's largest intermediary between publishers and libraries. EBSCO's company approach

Sam Brooks

50

Challenging research issues in data mining, databases and information retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data mining research along with related fields such as databases and information retrieval poses challenging problems, especially for doctoral students. The research spreads over a variety of topics such as text mining, semantic web, multilingual information analysis, heterogeneous data management, database learning, digital libraries and more. Much of this research cuts across multiple fields and presents interesting issues for discussion

Aparna S. Varde

2009-01-01

51

Database Research Activities in Russia: a Brief Overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper provides brief analysis of recent research activities in database area in Russia. Activities of the Moscow ACM SIGMOD Chapter are characterized, emphasizing organization of seminars and conferences. Sample analysis of four database research groups from the Russian Academy of Sciences and Universities is provided. Intention of this paper is to provide brief analysis of recent research activities in

Leonid A. Kalinichenko; Mikhail R. Kogalovsky; Sergei D. Kuznetsov; Boris Novikov

2000-01-01

52

A bibliometric evaluation of European Union research of the respiratory system from 1987?1998  

Microsoft Academic Search

A bibliometric evaluation of European Union research of the respiratory system from 1987 - 1998. F. Garcõ´a-Rõ´o, S. Serrano, A. Dorgham, R. Alvarez-Sala, A. Ruiz Pena, J.M. Pino, J.L. Alvarez-Sala, J. Villamor. #ERS Journals Ltd 2001. ABSTRACT: This study analyses the evolution of the bibliometric indicators of productivity and repercussion of European Union (EU) research into the respiratory system during

F. García-Río; S. Serrano; A. Dorgham; R. Alvarez-Sala; A. Ruiz Peña; J. M. Pino; J. L. Alvarez-Sala; J. Villamor

2001-01-01

53

How Europe Shapes Academic Research: Insights from Participation in European Union Framework Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes the effects of participating in European Union Framework Programmes (EUFPs) at the level of research units and researchers. We consider EUFPs as policy instruments that contribute to the Europeanisation of academic research and study the changes they produce with respect to: 1) the organisation and activities of…

Primeri, Emilia; Reale, Emanuela

2012-01-01

54

Comparison Shopping of Tax Research Databases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines and compares online sources for primary and secondary federal and state tax information. The criteria used to evaluate the four systems (CCH ACCESS, LEXIS, PHINet, and WESTLAW) include the contents of each database, search features, hardware requirements, software, pricing, availability of CD-ROM, online billing, and network…

Scanlan, Jean M.

1990-01-01

55

Pew Research Center: Labor Unions Seen as Good for Workers, Not U.S. Competitiveness  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Pew Research Center for the People & The Press group released this 18-page report on February 17, 2011. The material for the report on the public's perception of unions was gathered during between February 2-7, and in the poll (which surveyed 1385 adults), it was discovered that there was little or no difference regarding opinions about private and public sector unions. Interestingly, the favorability rating for labor unions overall remains at the lowest level in a quarter century with 45% of those polled expressing a positive view of these institutions. This survey also notes that there has been little change since the mid-1990s in public support for labor unions in dispute with businesses. Interested parties should definitely read the entire report, which also contains a number of detailed charts and tables that present other findings from this work.

56

Emission database for global atmospheric research (Edgar)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Atmospheric chemistry and climate modellers require gridded global emissions data as input into their models. To meet this urgent need a global emissions source database called EDGAR is being developed by TNO and RIVM to estimate for 1990, on a regional and on a grid basis, annual emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O, CO, NOx, non-methane VOC, SOx), of

J. G. J. Olivier; A. F. Bouwman; C. W. M. Maas; J. J. M. Berdowski

1994-01-01

57

[The research purposes and design of clinical database].  

PubMed

We discussed clarification of research purposes and designing of data collection form in large clinical databases. Research purposes are 1)assessment of healthcare quality, 2)evaluation of diagnosis and treatment, and 3)evaluation of health policy. In designing clinical databases, the researchers should consider the following themes;assurance of clinical utility, international collaboration, alleviation of data entry burden and assurance of scientific accuracy. PMID:23674040

Okubo, Suguru; Miyata, Hiroaki; Tomotaki, Ai; Motomura, Noboru; Murakami, Arata; Ono, Minoru; Iwanaka, Tadashi

2013-05-01

58

Using databases in medical education research: AMEE Guide No. 77.  

PubMed

This AMEE Guide offers an introduction to the use of databases in medical education research. It is intended for those who are contemplating conducting research in medical education but are new to the field. The Guide is structured around the process of planning your research so that data collection, management and analysis are appropriate for the research question. Throughout we consider contextual possibilities and constraints to educational research using databases, such as the resources available, and provide concrete examples of medical education research to illustrate many points. The first section of the Guide explains the difference between different types of data and classifying data, and addresses the rationale for research using databases in medical education. We explain the difference between qualitative research and qualitative data, the difference between categorical and quantitative data, and the difference types of data which fall into these categories. The Guide reviews the strengths and weaknesses of qualitative and quantitative research. The next section is structured around how to work with quantitative and qualitative databases and provides guidance on the many practicalities of setting up a database. This includes how to organise your database, including anonymising data and coding, as well as preparing and describing your data so it is ready for analysis. The critical matter of the ethics of using databases in medical educational research, including using routinely collected data versus data collected for research purposes, and issues of confidentiality, is discussed. Core to the Guide is drawing out the similarities and differences in working with different types of data and different types of databases. Future AMEE Guides in the research series will address statistical analysis of data in more detail. PMID:23621147

Cleland, Jennifer; Scott, Neil; Harrild, Kirsten; Moffat, Mandy

2013-04-22

59

Drug delivery research in the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme for Research.  

PubMed

This paper presents an overview of drug delivery research activities funded by the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development (FP7). It gives a brief introduction of the main policies, structure and budget of FP7 with the four Specific Programmes 'Cooperation', 'People', 'Ideas' and 'Capacities' including the ten priority themes of the Specific Programme Cooperation. The priority themes HEALTH, 'Information and Communication Technologies' (ICT) and 'Nanosciences and nanotechnologies, multifunctional Materials and Production technologies' (NMP) and the 'Innovative Medicines Initiative' (IMI) are discussed since they are the main sources of funding for medical and pharmaceutical research. Further details are provided on drug delivery research, notably the funding for development of drug delivery technologies by the NMP priority theme in the context of its funding of nanomedicine research projects. The link is made to the rapidly developing field of biomaterials research for implants and regenerative medicine. The paper highlights the strategic importance of the Key Emerging Technologies (KETs) including nanotechnology for the competitiveness of the medical and pharmaceutical sectors. Finally, there is an outlook to the future Framework Programme for Research 'Horizon 2020'. PMID:22333557

Frima, Heico J; Gabellieri, Cristina; Nilsson, Maj-Inger

2012-02-04

60

CottonDB: A database for cotton research  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

CottonDB, established in 1995, was among the first plant genome databases established by the USDA-ARS. The goal of CottonDB is to serve both as an archival and a dynamic database that incorporates data from all major categories of genetic and genomic information created by the cotton research commu...

61

The Vocational Guidance Research Database: A Scientometric Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The scientometric study of scientific output through publications in specialized journals cannot be undertaken exclusively with the databases available today. For this reason, the objective of this article is to introduce the "Base de Datos de Investigacion en Orientacion Vocacional" [Vocational Guidance Research Database], based on the use of…

Flores-Buils, Raquel; Gil-Beltran, Jose Manuel; Caballer-Miedes, Antonio; Martinez-Martinez, Miguel Angel

2012-01-01

62

First Results of GLIMS Database Population for Former Soviet Union Glacier Regions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Global Land Ice Measurements from Space (GLIMS) is an international project with the goal of surveying a majority of the world's estimated 160,000 glaciers. GLIMS uses data collected primarily by the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) instrument aboard the Terra satellite and the LandSat Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+). The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the United States Geological Survey (USGS) provide the satellite data and support the GLIMS coordination and data management effort. With NASA funding, the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) has developed the GLIMS Glacier Database. In the presentation we demonstrate first results of GLIMS glacier data base population for glacier regions of FSU. With support under a NASA REASoN CAN more than 2000 glacier outlines for Caucasus, Pamir and Tien-Shan have been derived from ASTER images and provided in a standard form for ingest into the GLIMS database. Statistical analysis has been done to estimate number of glaciers and their areas in comparison with data of World glacier inventory. The ability to view and download these data through an OGC-compliant web-based interface will be demonstrated. -

Khromova, T.; Nosenko, G.; Armstrong, R.; Raup, B.; Khalsa, S. S.; Barry, R.

2005-12-01

63

Full-Text Database Support for Scholarly Research in Finance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the extent to which full-text business databases support scholarly research in finance. A list of articles cited by finance researchers was compared to the title lists of three full-text business databases: ABI\\/INFORM (ProQuest Information and Learning), Business Source Premier (EBSCO Information Services), and General BusinessFile (Gale Group). The most comprehensive coverage was found to be offered by

Karen Chapman

2002-01-01

64

NCGIA RESEARCH INITIATIVE 1 ACCURACY OF SPATIAL DATABASES  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes the results of NCGIA Initiative 1 on the Accuracy of Spatial Databases. It begins with a discussion of objectives and the process of developing a research agenda. Each of the seven major areas of the research agenda is discussed, and research activities of the center during the active period of the initiative (1988-90) and since its completion

Michael F. Goodchild

65

LLNL Middle East and North Africa research database  

SciTech Connect

The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Research and Development (CTBT R and D) program has made significant progress populating a comprehensive seismic research database (RDB) for seismic events and derived research products in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Our original ME/NA study region has enlarged and is now defined as an area including the Middle East, Africa, Europe, Southwest Asia, the Former Soviet Union and the Scandinavian/Arctic region. The LLNL RDB will facilitate calibration of all International Monitoring System (IMS) stations (primary and auxiliary) or their surrogates (if not yet installed) as well as a variety of gamma stations. The RDB provides not only a coherent framework in which to store and organize large volumes of collected seismic waveforms and associated event parameter information, but also provides an efficient data processing/research environment for deriving location and discrimination correction sur faces and capabilities. In order to accommodate large volumes of data from many sources with diverse formats the RDB is designed to be flexible and extensible in addition to maintaining detailed quality control information and associated metadata. Station parameters, instrument responses, phase pick information, and event bulletins were compiled and made available through the RDB. For seismic events in the MENA region occurring between 1976 and 1999, we have systematically assembled, quality checked and organized event waveforms; continuous seismic data from 1990 to present are archived for many stations. Currently, over 11,400 seismic events and 1.2 million waveforms are maintained in the RDB and made readily available to researchers. In addition to open sources of seismic data, we have established collaborative relationships with several ME/NA countries that have yielded additional ground truth and broadband waveform data essential for regional calibration and capability studies. Additional data and ground truth from other countries are also currently being sought. Research results, along with descriptive metadata are stored and organized within the LLNL RDB and prepared for delivery and integration into the Department of Energy (DOE) Knowledge Base (KB). Deliverables consist of primary data products (raw materials for calibration) and derived products (distilled from the organized raw seismological data). By combining travel-time observations, event characterization studies, and regional wave-propagation studies of the LLNL CTBT research team for ground truth events and regional events, we have assembled a library of ground truth information, event location correction surfaces, tomographic models and mine explosion histories required to support the ME/NA regionalization program. Corrections and parameters distilled from the LLNL RDB provide needed contributions to the KB for the MENA region and will enable the United States National Data Center (NDC) to effectively verify CTBT compliance. The LLNL portion of the DOE KB supports critical NDC pipeline functions in detection, location, feature extraction, discrimination, and analyst review in the Middle East and North Africa.

Dodge, D; Hauk, T; Moore, R M; O'Boyle, J; Ruppert, S

1999-07-23

66

European football and the European union: Governance, participation and social cohesion — towards a policy research agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article considers the changing relationship of European football to the European Union (EU). Given technological, commercial, financial and organizational changes in the political economy of elite European football, and given the application of European law to sports bodies epitomised by the Bosman ruling, this article begins to outline a policy research agenda. Debates within the European Commission have centred

Adam Brown

2000-01-01

67

Linguistic Analysis of Grant Proposals: European Union Research Grants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Grant proposals are a genre that all academics will have to come to terms with at some point of their career, usually the sooner the better. Yet, there has been very little research on their characteristic features and they are not included in most courses of academic writing. We seek to remedy some of this problem in this paper, which

Ulla Connor; Anna Mauranen

1999-01-01

68

PAQ database: The Lipid Research Clinics Physical Activity Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

You are browsing a database of standardized questionnaires that ask about respondents' walking and bicycling habits. The Applied Research Program maintains this database, but, except where noted, did not create and does not maintain the questionnaires themselves. For more information about a specific questionnaire, please contact its author(s). When possible, we cite the source of each questionnaire near the top of the page.

69

An image database management system for conducting CAD research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The development of image databases for CAD research is not a trivial task. The collection and management of images and their related metadata from multiple sources is a time-consuming but necessary process. By standardizing and centralizing the methods in which these data are maintained, one can generate subsets of a larger database that match the specific criteria needed for a particular research project in a quick and efficient manner. A research-oriented management system of this type is highly desirable in a multi-modality CAD research environment. An online, webbased database system for the storage and management of research-specific medical image metadata was designed for use with four modalities of breast imaging: screen-film mammography, full-field digital mammography, breast ultrasound and breast MRI. The system was designed to consolidate data from multiple clinical sources and provide the user with the ability to anonymize the data. Input concerning the type of data to be stored as well as desired searchable parameters was solicited from researchers in each modality. The backbone of the database was created using MySQL. A robust and easy-to-use interface for entering, removing, modifying and searching information in the database was created using HTML and PHP. This standardized system can be accessed using any modern web-browsing software and is fundamental for our various research projects on computer-aided detection, diagnosis, cancer risk assessment, multimodality lesion assessment, and prognosis. Our CAD database system stores large amounts of research-related metadata and successfully generates subsets of cases that match the user's desired search criteria.

Gruszauskas, Nicholas; Drukker, Karen; Giger, Maryellen L.

2007-03-01

70

Use of the UK General Practice Research Database for pharmacoepidemiology  

PubMed Central

The last decade has seen a surge in the use of computerized health care data for pharmacoepidemiology. Of all European databases, the General Practice Research Database (GPRD) in the UK, has been the most widely used for pharmacoepidemiological research. Since 1994, this database has belonged to the UK Department of Health, and is maintained by the Office of National Statistics (ONS). Currently, around 1500 general practitioners with a population coverage in excess of 3 million, systematically provide their computerized medical data anonymously to ONS. Validation studies of the GPRD have documented the recording of medical data into general practitioners’ computers to be near to complete. The GPRD collects truly population-based data, has a size that makes it possible to follow-up large cohorts of users of specific drugs, and includes both outpatient and inpatient clinical information. The access to original medical records is excellent. Desirable improvements to the GPRD would be additional computerized information on certain variables and linkage to other health care databases. Most published studies to date have been in the area of drug safety. The General Practice Research Database has proved that valuable data can be collected in a general practice setting. The full potential of this rich computerized database has yet to come. This experience should serve to encourage others to develop similar population-based data in other countries.

Garcia Rodriguez, Luis A; Perez Gutthann, Susanne

1998-01-01

71

MRIDIR--a system for integrating research databases.  

PubMed

Lederle's Medical Research Integrated Database Information Retrieval (MRIDIR) system provides timely and facile access to a growing body of computerized, in-house data relating to pharmaceutical discovery and development. It was created in response to a proliferation of special-purpose programs, each dealing with a specific dataset and each with its own query syntax. Written in FORTRAN and interfacing to the System-1022 Database Management System, MRIDIR provides relational links between these datasets and, from the user's viewpoint, integrates them into a single database with a simple query language. A special dataset called the "data dictionary" describes these linkages, and alterations to the database structure (eg, addition of new datasets) are smoothly accomplished through changes to the data dictionary. PMID:10278252

Carhart, R E

1984-01-01

72

LLNL Middle East and North Africa research database  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Research and Development (CTBT R and D) program has made significant progress populating a comprehensive seismic research database (RDB) for seismic events and derived research products in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Our original ME\\/NA study region has enlarged and is now defined as an area including the Middle

D Dodge; T Hauk; R M Moore; J OBoyle; S Ruppert

1999-01-01

73

Methodological characteristics of the national dietary surveys carried out in the European Union as included in the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) Comprehensive European Food Consumption Database.  

PubMed

In 2009 competent organisations in the European Union provided the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) with data from the most recent national dietary survey at the level of individuals' consumption. Twenty different Member States provided EFSA with data from 22 different national dietary surveys, with consumption figures for adults and, when available, for children. Member States' dietary data were assembled into the EFSA Comprehensive European Food Consumption Database. In this paper an overview of the methodologies and protocols employed in the different national dietary surveys is provided. Specifically, details about dietary assessment methods, interview administration, sampling design, portion size estimation, dietary software, evaluation of under-reporting and non-dietary information collected are described. This information is crucial to evaluate the level of accuracy of food consumption data and to anticipate and acknowledge the utmost important sources of heterogeneity of national databases included in the Comprehensive Database. The Comprehensive Database constitutes a unique resource for the estimation of consumption figures across the European Union and represents a useful tool to assess dietary exposure to hazardous substances and nutrient intake in Europe. Nevertheless, the many substantial methodological differences that characterise the Comprehensive Database are acknowledged and critically discussed. PMID:21732710

Merten, C; Ferrari, P; Bakker, M; Boss, A; Hearty, A; Leclercq, C; Lindtner, O; Tlustos, C; Verger, P; Volatier, J L; Arcella, D

2011-07-06

74

THE NATIONAL EXPOSURE RESEARCH LABORATORY'S CONSOLIDATED HUMAN ACTIVITY DATABASE  

EPA Science Inventory

EPA's National Exposure Research Laboratory (NERL) has combined data from 12 U.S. studies related to human activities into one comprehensive data system that can be accessed via the Internet. The data system is called the Consolidated Human Activity Database (CHAD), and it is ...

75

Systematically Retrieving Research: A Case Study Evaluating Seven Databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Developing the scientific underpinnings of social welfare requires effective and efficient methods of retrieving relevant items from the increasing volume of research. Method: We compared seven databases by run- ning the nearest equivalent search on each. The search topic was chosen for relevance to social work practice with older people. Results: Highest sensitivity was achieved by Medline (52%), Social

Brian Taylor; Emma Wylie; Martin Dempster; Michael Donnelly

2007-01-01

76

THE NATIONAL EXPOSURE RESEARCH LABORATORY'S COMPREHENSIVE HUMAN ACTIVITY DATABASE  

EPA Science Inventory

EPA's National Exposure Research Laboratory (NERL) has combined data from nine U.S. studies related to human activities into one comprehensive data system that can be accessed via the world-wide web. The data system is called CHAD-Consolidated Human Activity Database-and it is ...

77

LLNL Middle East and North Africa research database.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) CTBT R(ampersand)D program has made significant progress assembling a comprehensive seismic database (DB) for events and derived parameters in the Middle East and North Africa (ME/NA). The LLNL research DB...

S. D. Ruppert T. F. Hauk R. Leach

1997-01-01

78

Databases and GIS for landslide research in Europe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Within the project "The Temporal occurrence and forecasting of landslides in the European Community" a review of the use of databases and GIS for landslide research has been accomplished. It shows a high potential of these techniques in storing spatial and temporal landslide data (landslide inventories) and in applying different modelling approaches to landslide hazard assessments at various scales. There are three major strategies in European landslide research using GIS and database technologies. At medium and broad scales different combinations of landslide data with factor maps (e.g. slope angle, lithology and geomorphological units) lead to static susceptibility and hazard assessments, which allow probability evaluations for future landslide occurrences. At local scales process models to simulate trajectories of paths for slope processes and deterministic slope stability models are in use. In landslide frequency analysis, temporal database information are correlated with recent and historical triggering factors (e.g. precipitation and precipitation indices) to calculate temporal probabilities for landslide forecasting. However, despite encouraging progress in applying computer technologies in European landslide research, the potential of these tools is still largely untested. Furthermore, it is clear that sophisticated technology cannot replace field work, interdisciplinary research strategies, and critical testing of the reliability of the model results.

Dikau, Richard; Cavallin, Angelo; Jäger, Stefan

1996-04-01

79

U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL) multimodal signatures database  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL) Multimodal Signatures Database (MMSDB) is a centralized collection of sensor data of various modalities that are co-located and co-registered. The signatures include ground and air vehicles, personnel, mortar, artillery, small arms gunfire from potential sniper weapons, explosives, and many other high value targets. This data is made available to Department of Defense (DoD) and DoD contractors, Intel agencies, other government agencies (OGA), and academia for use in developing target detection, tracking, and classification algorithms and systems to protect our Soldiers. A platform independent Web interface disseminates the signatures to researchers and engineers within the scientific community. Hierarchical Data Format 5 (HDF5) signature models provide an excellent solution for the sharing of complex multimodal signature data for algorithmic development and database requirements. Many open source tools for viewing and plotting HDF5 signatures are available over the Web. Seamless integration of HDF5 signatures is possible in both proprietary computational environments, such as MATLAB, and Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) computational environments, such as Octave and Python, for performing signal processing, analysis, and algorithm development. Future developments include extending the Web interface into a portal system for accessing ARL algorithms and signatures, High Performance Computing (HPC) resources, and integrating existing database and signature architectures into sensor networking environments.

Bennett, Kelly

2008-05-01

80

A bibliometric evaluation of European Union research of the respiratory system from 1987-1998.  

PubMed

This study analyses the evolution of the bibliometric indicators of productivity and repercussion of European Union (EU) research into the respiratory system during the period from 1987-1998, describing the geographical distribution. Using MedLine, a selection was made of those articles by EU authors published between 1987-1998 in 38 respiratory system journals (classification from the Institute for Scientific Information). The journals, country of origin, number of articles and the relation to socioeconomic data, productivity index, visibility index, expected impact factor (EIF) and relative impact factor (RIF) were all analysed. The number of EU publications in respiratory system journals experienced an exponential increase, going from 606 articles (14.3% of world production) in 1987, to 2,325 (33.2%) in 1998. During this same period, the EIF increased from 1,258 to 2,111. The greatest gross productivities were those of the UK, France, Italy and Germany, although when corrected for number of inhabitants, Sweden, the Netherlands, Belgium and Denmark headed the list. The countries with the greatest mean EIF were the Netherlands, the UK, Spain and Belgium. In conclusion, productivity and repercussions of European Union research of the respiratory system experienced an important increase during this period. PMID:11491161

García-Río, F; Serrano, S; Dorgham, A; Alvarez-Sala, R; Ruiz Peña, A; Pino, J M; Alvarez-Sala, J L; Villamor, J

2001-06-01

81

Toward an ontology-based framework for clinical research databases.  

PubMed

Clinical research includes a wide range of study designs from focused observational studies to complex interventional studies with multiple study arms, treatment and assessment events, and specimen procurement procedures. Participant characteristics from case report forms need to be integrated with molecular characteristics from mechanistic experiments on procured specimens. In order to capture and manage this diverse array of data, we have developed the Ontology-Based eXtensible data model (OBX) to serve as a framework for clinical research data in the Immunology Database and Analysis Portal (ImmPort). By designing OBX around the logical structure of the Basic Formal Ontology (BFO) and the Ontology for Biomedical Investigations (OBI), we have found that a relatively simple conceptual model can represent the relatively complex domain of clinical research. In addition, the common framework provided by BFO makes it straightforward to develop data dictionaries based on reference and application ontologies from the OBO Foundry. PMID:20460173

Kong, Y Megan; Dahlke, Carl; Xiang, Qun; Qian, Yu; Karp, David; Scheuermann, Richard H

2010-05-10

82

Research of the Distributed Heterogeneous Database Conversion Mechanism  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Between each node database there must be all different in the distributed heterogeneous database, so how to resolve these\\u000a differences (It’s said that realize the mutual transformation between heterogeneous databases) was an basic problem in the\\u000a heterogeneous database integration, synchronous and optimized. This paper analyzes the conversion mechanism for the distributed\\u000a heterogeneous database between node databases and the realization of

ZhenYou Zhang; WeiLi Wang; Rui Zhang

83

Research Repositories-Databases_rev 5-12-04.p65  

Cancer.gov

Research Repositories, Databases, and the HIPAA Privacy Rule Overview Researchers in medical and health-related disci­ plines require access to many sources of health information, from archived medical records and epidemiological databases to disease

84

Navajo Participation in Labor Unions. Lake Powell Research Project Bulletin Number 15, December 1975.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Navajo participation in labor unions and Navajo labor relations have undergone rapid and fundamental changes since the development of industry around Lake Powell and on Black Mesa. Early attempts to unionize Navajo workers met with stiff resistance from employees and the Navajo Tribal Council. Union entry into the Navajo Reservation was viewed as…

Robbins, Lynn A.

85

Navajo Participation in Labor Unions. Lake Powell Research Project Bulletin Number 15, December 1975.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Navajo participation in labor unions and Navajo labor relations have undergone rapid and fundamental changes since the development of industry around Lake Powell and on Black Mesa. Early attempts to unionize Navajo workers met with stiff resistance from employees and the Navajo Tribal Council. Union entry into the Navajo Reservation was viewed as…

Robbins, Lynn A.

86

The FoodCast research image database (FRIDa).  

PubMed

In recent years we have witnessed an increasing interest in food processing and eating behaviors. This is probably due to several reasons. The biological relevance of food choices, the complexity of the food-rich environment in which we presently live (making food-intake regulation difficult), and the increasing health care cost due to illness associated with food (food hazards, food contamination, and aberrant food-intake). Despite the importance of the issues and the relevance of this research, comprehensive and validated databases of stimuli are rather limited, outdated, or not available for non-commercial purposes to independent researchers who aim at developing their own research program. The FoodCast Research Image Database (FRIDa) we present here includes 877 images belonging to eight different categories: natural-food (e.g., strawberry), transformed-food (e.g., french fries), rotten-food (e.g., moldy banana), natural-non-food items (e.g., pinecone), artificial food-related objects (e.g., teacup), artificial objects (e.g., guitar), animals (e.g., camel), and scenes (e.g., airport). FRIDa has been validated on a sample of healthy participants (N = 73) on standard variables (e.g., valence, familiarity, etc.) as well as on other variables specifically related to food items (e.g., perceived calorie content); it also includes data on the visual features of the stimuli (e.g., brightness, high frequency power, etc.). FRIDa is a well-controlled, flexible, validated, and freely available (http://foodcast.sissa.it/neuroscience/) tool for researchers in a wide range of academic fields and industry. PMID:23459781

Foroni, Francesco; Pergola, Giulio; Argiris, Georgette; Rumiati, Raffaella I

2013-03-01

87

Research and implementation for data synchronization of heterogeneous databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aiming at enterprises of different types of heterogeneous database system of joint use and requirement of data in heterogeneous database synchronization problems, the system design and implementation of a context in the Internet, and in SQL Server 2000, Oracle, My SQL database data synchronization of heterogeneous databases with information processing systems. This article describes the actual workflow of the system,

Zhenyou Zhang; Cuifang Lu

2010-01-01

88

Research on GIS Spatial Database Based on Grid Computing  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to use GIS spatial database better and resolve the lack of the heterogeneous data sharing which exists in traditional GIS spatial database, firstly the paper introduces the Grid and GIS spatial databases. Secondly, the paper improves the design of the middleware which integrates the grid GIS space database. On the basis of it, it has carried on the

Xiaosheng Liu; Xiaobin Huang; Zhiyong Zhao

2009-01-01

89

The Use of Virtual Observatory Databases in Binary Star Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The rapidly-accumulating archives of ground-based and spacecraft data worldwide that are being linked together through the International Virtual Observatory Alliance (IVOA) provide the binary star community with unparalleled opportunities for research. The main databases that are available to the astronomical community through the IVOA are discussed. Data from long-lasting spacecraft missions such as IUE are especially valuable for studying long-term variability. Some examples of current research on close binary stars that is being carried through with UV spectra from the IUE archive are presented. Included are the search for O-subdwarf companions to bright Be stars and some results from an ongoing investigation of the Double Periodic Variable phenomenon in Algol binaries.

Peters, Geraldine J.

2012-04-01

90

LLNL Middle East and North Africa research database  

SciTech Connect

The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) CTBT R{ampersand}D program has made significant progress assembling a comprehensive seismic database (DB) for events and derived parameters in the Middle East and North Africa (ME/NA). The LLNL research DB provides not only a coherent framework in which store and organize large volumes of collected seismic waveforms and associated event parameter information but also provides an efficient data processing/research environment. The DB is designed to be flexible and extensible in order to accommodate the large volumes of data in diverse formats from many sources in addition to maintaining detailed quality control and metadata. Researchers can make use of the relational nature of the DB and interactive analysis tools to quickly and efficiently process large volumes of data. Seismic waveforms have been systematically collected form a wide range of local and regional networks using numerous earthquake bulletins and converted a common format based on CSS3.O while undergoing quality control and corrections of errors. By combining traveltime observations, event characterization studies, and regional wave-propagation studies of the LLNL CTBT team, we are assembling a library of ground truth information and event location correction surfaces required to support the ME/NA regionalization program. Corrections and parameters distilled from the LLNL research DB will provide needed contributions to the DOE knowledge base for the ME/NA region and enable the USNDC and IDC to effectively verify CTBT compliance.

Ruppert, S.D.; Hauk, T.F.; Leach, R.

1997-07-15

91

Forming a research question from a multi-center database.  

PubMed

It is not uncommon for individuals to ask biostatisiticians and epidemiologists to assist them with a research project. Often the request is in the shape of statistical analyses. However, most of these requests are nothing more than missed opportunities. This manuscript focuses on the reasons underlying such a statement. Most individuals might say that the most important aspect of a study is its conclusion. Many who would disagree with this sentiment and would feel that the most important aspect of a study rather is the question it intends to address. If this question is not articulated sufficiently, any additional information stemming from the study will most likely be irrelevant. Herein, some principles for formulating (successfully) a question from a multi-center database will be described. PMID:19361039

Likosky, Donald S

2009-03-01

92

A lexical database tool for quantitative phonological research  

Microsoft Academic Search

A lexical database tool tailored for phonological res- earch is described. Database fields include transcrip- tions, glosses and hyperlinks to speech files. Database queries are expressed using HTML forms, and these permit regular expression search on any combination of fields. Regular expressions are passed directly to a Perl CGI program, enabling the full flexibility of Perl extended regular expressions. The

Steven Bird

1997-01-01

93

Link Discovery in Graphs Derived from Biological Databases (Research Paper)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public biological databases contain vast amounts of rich data that can also be used to create and evaluate new biological hypothesis. We propose a method for link discovery in biological databases, i.e., for prediction and evaluation of implicit or previously unknown connections between biological entities and concepts. In our framework, information extracted from available databases is represented as a graph,

Petteri Sevon; Lauri Eronen; Petteri Hintsanen; Kimmo Kulovesi; Hannu Toivonen

94

DOG-SPOT database for comprehensive management of dog genetic research data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research laboratories studying the genetics of companion animals have no database tools specifically designed to aid in the management of the many kinds of data that are generated, stored and analyzed. We have developed a relational database, \\

Julie AS Powell; Jeremy Allen; Nathan B Sutter

2010-01-01

95

Databases Available in the National Institute of Standards and Technology Research Library.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Databases available online in the Research Library of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) are listed by acronym and by full title. In addition, descriptions of the databases, dates covered, producers, hard copy counterpart, principal...

D. Cunningham

1996-01-01

96

Databases Available in the Research Information Center of the National Institute of Standards and Technology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Databases available online in the Research Information Center of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) are listed by acronym and by full title. In addition, descriptions of the databases, dates covered, producers, hard copy counterpart...

D. Cunningham

1994-01-01

97

Databases Available in the National Institute of Standards and Technology Research Library.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Databases available online in the Research Library of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) are listed by acronym and by full title. In addition, descriptions of the databases, dates covered, procedures, hard copy counterpart, principa...

D. Cunningham

1998-01-01

98

Databases Available in the Research Information Center of the National Institute of Standards and Technology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Databases available online in the Research Information Center of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) are listed by acronym and by full title. In addition, descriptions of the databases, dates covered, producers, hard copy counterpart...

D. Cunningham

1993-01-01

99

Databases Available in the Research Information Center of the National Institute of Standards and Technology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Databases available online in the Research Information Center of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) are listed by acronym and by full title. In addition, descriptions of the databases, dates covered, producers, hard copy counterpart...

D. Cunningham

1992-01-01

100

University Real Estate Development Database: A Database-Driven Internet Research Tool  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The University Real Estate Development Database is an Internet resource developed by the University of Baltimore for the Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, containing over six hundred cases of university expansion outside of traditional campus boundaries. The University Real Estate Development database is a searchable collection of real estate…

Wiewel, Wim; Kunst, Kara

2008-01-01

101

Union of Unions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Pessimists say the proposed merger of the National Education Association (NEA) and the American Federation of Teachers (AFT) will create a union that will be more combative with superintendents and school boards. Optimists envision a more focused union positioned to work together with boards and administrators on school reform. (MLF)|

Bushweller, Kevin

1998-01-01

102

Learning and Adapting for Organisational Change: Researching Union Education in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The last quarter century saw a restructuring of employment, production and trade and a dramatic decline in union membership and density levels. There are many explanations for this, including the hostile industrial relations framework imposed by many governments, but there have been other factors such as the growth of new non-unionized industries…

Brown, Tony; Yasukawa, Keiko

2010-01-01

103

Physics-based face database for color research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most face databases are meant for pattern recognition use. We report the creation of a unique face database which may be used for color-related studies of faces. We describe it as physics- based because it not only contains color images but also data on color image formation such as spectral reflectance measurements from facial skin, illuminant spectral power distribution, and

Elzbieta Marszalec; J. Birgitta Martinkauppi; Maricor Soriano; Matti Pietikaeinen

2000-01-01

104

Comparison of CINAHL, EMBASE, and MEDLINE Databases for the Nurse Researcher  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research was to determine which of three databases, CINAHL, EMBASE or MEDLINE, should be accessed when researching nursing topics. The three databases were searched for citations on topics selected by three nurse researchers and the results were compared. For the search of nursing care literature on a medical condition, it was helpful to search both CINAHL

Judy Burnham; Barbara Shearer

1993-01-01

105

HOWDY: an integrated database system for human genome research  

PubMed Central

HOWDY is an integrated database system for accessing and analyzing human genomic information (http://www-alis.tokyo.jst.go.jp/HOWDY/). HOWDY stores information about relationships between genetic objects and the data extracted from a number of databases. HOWDY consists of an Internet accessible user interface that allows thorough searching of the human genomic databases using the gene symbols and their aliases. It also permits flexible editing of the sequence data. The database can be searched using simple words and the search can be restricted to a specific cytogenetic location. Linear maps displaying markers and genes on contig sequences are available, from which an object can be chosen. Any search starting point identifies all the information matching the query. HOWDY provides a convenient search environment of human genomic data for scientists unsure which database is most appropriate for their search.

Hirakawa, Mika

2002-01-01

106

An algorithm to identify medical practices common to both the General Practice Research Database and The Health Improvement Network database.  

PubMed

PURPOSE: To identify practices common to both the General Practice Research Database and The Health Improvement Network database for purposes of combining the databases for analysis without duplicate records. METHODS: We developed two independent algorithms to identify practices common to the two databases. The first used the total number of patients in the therapy and clinical data sets and the total number of etoricoxib and celecoxib users each year during the study period. The second used the total number of patients stratified by gender and four different categories of birth year. Further checking of potential matched practice pairs identified by the two algorithms was performed by comparing the patient-level medical records by birth year, dates of clinical visits, and diagnosis codes. RESULTS: Three hundred twelve potential matched pairs of practices were found by both algorithms. Fifteen additional potential pairs were matched by only one algorithm: 13 by algorithm 1 (A1) only and 2 by algorithm 2 (A2) only. The examination of the patient-level visit dates and diagnosis codes for the matches revealed that all of the 327 potential pairs of duplicate practices were in fact the same practice in the two databases. CONCLUSIONS: The two algorithms successfully found the practices common to the two different databases without de-identifying the practices. The identification of the common practices allows for combining the two databases without duplicate records to create a larger data set for analysis, with 168 more practices than when using the General Practice Research Database alone, or with 268 more practices than when using The Health Improvement Network alone. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:22544805

Cai, Bing; Xu, Weifeng; Bortnichak, Edward; Watson, Douglas J

2012-04-30

107

Rap System of Stress Stimulation Can Promote Bone Union after Lower Tibial Bone Fracture: A Clinical Research  

PubMed Central

Background Lower tibial bone fracture may easily cause bone delayed union or nonunion because of lacking of dynamic mechanical load. Objective Research Group would design a new instrument as Rap System of Stress Stimulation (RSSS) to provide dynamic mechanical load which would promote lower tibial bone union postoperatively. Methods This clinical research was conducted from January 2008 to December 2010, 92 patients(male 61/female 31, age 16-70years, mean 36.3years) who suffered lower tibial bone closed fracture were given intramedullary nail fixation and randomly averagely separated into experimental group and control group(according to the successively order when patients went for the admission procedure). Then researchers analysed the clinical healing time, full weight bearing time, VAS (Visual Analogue Scales) score and callus growth score of Lane-Sandhu in 3,6,12 months postoperatively. The delayed union and nonunion rates were compared at 6 and 12 months separately. Results All the 92 patients had been followed up (mean 14 months). Clinical bone healing time in experimental group was 88.78±8.80 days but control group was 107.91±9.03days. Full weight bearing time in experimental group was 94.07±9.81 days but control group was 113.24±13.37 days respectively (P<0.05). The delayed union rate in 6 months was 4.3% in experimental group but 10.9% in control group(P<0.05). The nonunion rate in 12 months was 6.5% in experimental group but 19.6% in control group(P<0.05). In 3, 6, 12 months postoperatively, VAS score and Lane-Sandhu score in experimental group had more significantly difference than them in control group. Conclusions RSSS can intermittently provide dynamic mechanical load and stimulate callus formation, promote lower tibial bone union, reduce bone delayed union or nonunion rate. It is an adjuvant therapy for promoting bone union after lower tibial bone fracture.

YAO, Jian-fei; SHEN, Jia-zuo; LI, Da-kun; LIN, Da-sheng; Li, Lin; LI, Qiang; Qi, Peng; LIAN, Ke-jian; DING, Zhen-qi

2012-01-01

108

Arabidopsis Hormone Database: a comprehensive genetic and phenotypic information database for plant hormone research in Arabidopsis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Plant hormones are small organic molecules that influence almost every aspect of plant growth and development. Genetic and molecular studies have revealed a large number of genes that are involved in responses to numerous plant hormones, including auxin, gibberellin, cytokinin, abscisic acid, ethylene, jasmonic acid, salicylic acid, and brassinosteroid. Here, we develop an Arabidopsis hormone database, which aims to provide

Zhi-yu Peng; Xin Zhou; Linchuan Li; Xiangchun Yu; Hongjiang Li; Zhiqiang Jiang; Guangyu Cao; Mingyi Bai; Xingchun Wang; Caifu Jiang; Haibin Lu; Xianhui Hou; Lijia Qu; Zhiyong Wang; Jianru Zuo; Xiangdong Fu; Zhen Su; Songgang Li; Hongwei Guo

2009-01-01

109

How to Use Online Databases to Perform Trend Analysis in Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores technique which may be used to enhance research by manipulation of databases to determine trends in literature. The online searcher's function supporting research's use of technique is emphasized. An example on the topic of "school desegregation" as covered by various databases, particularly ERIC, is included. Five sources are given. (EJS)

Hibbs, Jack E.; And Others

1984-01-01

110

Comprehensiveness of "Social Work Abstracts" as a Database for Researchers and Practitioners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The comprehensiveness of "Social Work Abstracts (SWA)" as a database was examined. Method: The coverage of articles of "Research on Social Work Practice" and "Social Work Research" in "SWA" from 1995 to 2005 was examined. "SWA" was compared with other databases on several dimensions. A case study based on the author's publications was…

Shek, Daniel T. L.

2008-01-01

111

Hypervelocity Experimental Research Database (HERD): Support for the Wright Laboratory Armament Directorate Code Validation Program (COVAL).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Hypervelocity Experimental Research Database (HERD) described in this paper was developed to aid researchers with code validation for impacts that occur at velocities faster than the testable regime. Codes of concern include both hydrocodes and fast-r...

S. A. Mullin C. E. Anderson E. S. Hertel R. D. Hunt

1994-01-01

112

The Development of Mobile Melt-Dilute Technology for the Treatment of Former Soviet Union Research Reactor Fuel  

SciTech Connect

On-site application of the MMD process offers an economical method for converting weapons usable Former Soviet Union (FSU) High Enriched Uranium (HEU) research reactor fuel to a safe and secure Low Enriched Uranium (LEU) ingot. The objective of the MMD Project is to develop the mobile melt and dilute technology in preparation for active equipment deployment in the Newly Independent States (NIS) of the FSU.

Adams, T.

2003-10-09

113

An integrated database to support research on Escherichia coli  

SciTech Connect

We have used logic programming to design and implement a prototype database of genomic information for the model bacterial organism Escherichia coli. This report presents the fundamental database primitives that can be used to access and manipulate data relating to the E. coli genome. The present system, combined with a tutorial manual, provides immediate access to the integrated knowledge base for E. coli chromosome data. It also serves as the foundation for development of more user-friendly interfaces that have the same retrieval power and high-level tools to analyze complex chromosome organization.

Baehr, A.; Dunham, G.; Matsuda, Hideo; Michaels, G.; Taylor, R.; Overbeek, R.; Rudd, K.E. [National Inst. of Mental Health, Bethesda, MD (United States); Ginsburg, A.; Joerg, D.; Kazic, T. [Washington Univ., St. Louis, MO (United States). Dept. of Genetics; Hagstrom, R.; Zawada, D. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Smith, C.; Yoshida, Kaoru [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)

1992-01-01

114

Highlights From the Out-of-School Time Database. Research Update 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Harvard Family Research Project's Out-of-School Time (OST) Program Research and Evaluation Database and Bibliography provide accessible and timely information about research and evaluations involving OST programs and initiatives. This Research Update explores key themes emerging from 13 recent reports added to the OST Research and Evaluation…

Harris, Erin

2008-01-01

115

Learning and adapting for organisational change: researching union education in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The last quarter century saw a restructuring of employment, production and trade and a dramatic decline in union membership and density levels. There are many explanations for this, including the hostile industrial relations framework imposed by many governments, but there have been other factors such as the growth of new non-unionised industries that often rely on casualised labour; new attitudes

Tony Brown; Keiko Yasukawa

2010-01-01

116

An Ethical Framework for Stem Cell Research in the European Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

The European Union is a nightmare from the perspective of the ethics and regulation of science. A hitherto insoluble problem has been the task of drafting ethical principles which do not founder on the radically different attitudes taken to the question of the moral status of the human embryo. Following the conclusions reached in an international project, EUROSTEM, we suggest

John Harris; Lisa Bortolotti; Louise Irving

2005-01-01

117

ZmDB, an integrated database for maize genome research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zea mays DataBase (ZmDB) seeks to provide a comprehensive view of maize (corn) genetics by linking genomic sequence data with gene expres- sion analysis and phenotypes of mutant plants. ZmDB originated in 1999 as the Web portal for a large project of maize gene discovery, sequencing and phenotypic analysis using a transposon tagging strategy and expressed sequence tag (EST) sequen-

Qunfeng Dong; Laura Roy; Michael Freeling; Virginia Walbot; Volker Brendel

2003-01-01

118

The ECLS-K Study and Database: A Resource for School Social Work Practitioners and Researchers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this article is to introduce the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten (ECLS-K) database to school social work practitioners and researchers. This database not only serves as a viable source for evidence-based practice pertaining to the influences of families and schools on the academic achievement of children beginning…

Williams, Sheara A.

2008-01-01

119

Constructing a research database of social and environmental reporting by UK companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Responds to the widely-reported methodological problems which have arisen in research into corporate social and environmental reporting. Reports on an attempt to build a database of UK company social and environmental disclosure. The motivation behind the database is an attempt to provide, first, a data set which both refines and develops earlier attempts to capture and interpret such disclosures; second,

Rob Gray; Reza Kouhy; Simon Lavers

1995-01-01

120

USDA food and nutrient databases provide the infrastructure for food and nutrition research, policy and practice  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The USDA food and nutrient databases provide the basic infrastructure for food and nutrition research, nutrition monitoring, and dietary practice. They have had a long history that goes back to 1892, and are unique, as they are the only databases available in the public domain that perform these fu...

121

Design and deployment of a large brain-image database for clinical and nonclinical research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An efficient database is an essential component of organizing diverse information on image metadata and patient information for research in medical imaging. This paper describes the design, development and deployment of a large database system serving as a brain image repository that can be used across different platforms in various medical researches. It forms the infrastructure that links hospitals and institutions together and shares data among them. The database contains patient-, pathology-, image-, research- and management-specific data. The functionalities of the database system include image uploading, storage, indexing, downloading and sharing as well as database querying and management with security and data anonymization concerns well taken care of. The structure of database is multi-tier client-server architecture with Relational Database Management System, Security Layer, Application Layer and User Interface. Image source adapter has been developed to handle most of the popular image formats. The database has a user interface based on web browsers and is easy to handle. We have used Java programming language for its platform independency and vast function libraries. The brain image database can sort data according to clinically relevant information. This can be effectively used in research from the clinicians" points of view. The database is suitable for validation of algorithms on large population of cases. Medical images for processing could be identified and organized based on information in image metadata. Clinical research in various pathologies can thus be performed with greater efficiency and large image repositories can be managed more effectively. The prototype of the system has been installed in a few hospitals and is working to the satisfaction of the clinicians.

Yang, Guo Liang; Lim, Choie Cheio Tchoyoson; Banukumar, Narayanaswami; Aziz, Aamer; Hui, Francis; Nowinski, Wieslaw L.

2004-04-01

122

Inventory and Assessment of Databases Relevant for Social Science Research on Terrorism.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report provides a description and assessment of Internet- accessible databases relevant for social science research on terrorism. The body of this report details those web sites that provide actual data (e.g., names of terrorist organizations and inc...

A. R. Buchalter G. E. Curtis

2003-01-01

123

A Temporal Abstraction-based Extract, Transform and Load Process for Creating Registry Databases for Research  

PubMed Central

In the CTSA era there is great interest in aggregating and comparing populations across institutions. These sites likely represent data differently in their clinical data warehouses and other databases. Clinical data warehouses frequently are structured in a generalized way that supports many constituencies. For research, there is a need to transform these heterogeneous data into a shared representation, and to perform categorization and interpretation to optimize the data representation for investigators. We are addressing this need by extending an existing temporal abstraction-based clinical database query system, PROTEMPA. The extended system allows specifying data types of interest in federated databases, extracting the data into a shared representation, transforming it through categorization and interpretation, and loading it into a registry database that can be refreshed. Such a registry’s access control, data representation and query tools can be tailored to the needs of research while keeping local databases as the source of truth.

Post, Andrew; Kurc, Tahsin; Overcash, Marc; Cantrell, Dedra; Morris, Tim; Eckerson, Kristi; Tsui, Circe; Willey, Terry; Quyyumi, Arshed; Eapen, Danny; Umpierrez, Guillermo; Ziemer, David; Saltz, Joel

2011-01-01

124

PAQ database: The Lipid Research Clinics Physical Activity Questionnaire  

Cancer.gov

The Lipid Research Clinics Physical Activity Questionnaire In: Pereira MA, FitzGerald SJ, Gregg EW, Joswiak ML, Ryan WJ, Suminski RR, Utter AC, Zmuda JM. A collection of Physical Activity Questionnaires for health-related research. Med Sci Sports Exerc

125

Lung image database consortium: developing a resource for the medical imaging research community.  

PubMed

To stimulate the advancement of computer-aided diagnostic (CAD) research for lung nodules in thoracic computed tomography (CT), the National Cancer Institute launched a cooperative effort known as the Lung Image Database Consortium (LIDC). The LIDC is composed of five academic institutions from across the United States that are working together to develop an image database that will serve as an international research resource for the development, training, and evaluation of CAD methods in the detection of lung nodules on CT scans. Prior to the collection of CT images and associated patient data, the LIDC has been engaged in a consensus process to identify, address, and resolve a host of challenging technical and clinical issues to provide a solid foundation for a scientifically robust database. These issues include the establishment of (a) a governing mission statement, (b) criteria to determine whether a CT scan is eligible for inclusion in the database, (c) an appropriate definition of the term qualifying nodule, (d) an appropriate definition of "truth" requirements, (e) a process model through which the database will be populated, and (f) a statistical framework to guide the application of assessment methods by users of the database. Through a consensus process in which careful planning and proper consideration of fundamental issues have been emphasized, the LIDC database is expected to provide a powerful resource for the medical imaging research community. This article is intended to share with the community the breadth and depth of these key issues. PMID:15333795

Armato, Samuel G; McLennan, Geoffrey; McNitt-Gray, Michael F; Meyer, Charles R; Yankelevitz, David; Aberle, Denise R; Henschke, Claudia I; Hoffman, Eric A; Kazerooni, Ella A; MacMahon, Heber; Reeves, Anthony P; Croft, Barbara Y; Clarke, Laurence P

2004-09-01

126

The Value of Multiple Database Searching to Scholarly Research Productivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The substantial value of scientific and technical information has been demonstrated in a number of publications. Keeping up with the literature, efficiently finding the most relevant literature, and conducting comprehensive literature searches are extremely important in the highly competitive world of writing grant proposals for scientific and engineering research, and in the subsequent publication of journal articles. In academia, trends

Charles B. Wenger

2004-01-01

127

Multidimensional Mapping of Libraries Based on Shared Holdings in the OCLC Online Union Catalog. Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report describes the multidimensional scaling (MDS) method for interpreting collection overlap based on the number of books held by pairs of libraries in large groups (as many as 100 libraries or more). MDS results for four groups of libraries sampled from the OCLC database are also presented. MDS is described as a class of data-analytic or…

McGrath, William E.; Hickey, Thomas B.

128

A 3D Facial Expression Database For Facial Behavior Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditionally, human facial expressions have been studied using either 2D static images or 2D video sequences. The 2D-based analysis is incapable of handing large pose variations. Although 3D modeling techniques have been extensively used for 3D face recognition and 3D face animation, barely any research on 3D facial expression recognition using 3D range data has been reported. A primary factor

Lijun Yin; Xiaozhou Wei; Yi Sun; Jun Wang; Matthew J. Rosato

2006-01-01

129

Databases and coordinated research projects at the IAEA on atomic processes in plasmas  

SciTech Connect

The Atomic and Molecular Data Unit at the IAEA works with a network of national data centres to encourage and coordinate production and dissemination of fundamental data for atomic, molecular and plasma-material interaction (A+M/PMI) processes that are relevant to the realization of fusion energy. The Unit maintains numerical and bibliographical databases and has started a Wiki-style knowledge base. The Unit also contributes to A+M database interface standards and provides a search engine that offers a common interface to multiple numerical A+M/PMI databases. Coordinated Research Projects (CRPs) bring together fusion energy researchers and atomic, molecular and surface physicists for joint work towards the development of new data and new methods. The databases and current CRPs on A+M/PMI processes are briefly described here.

Braams, Bastiaan J.; Chung, Hyun-Kyung [Nuclear Data Section, NAPC Division, International Atomic Energy Agency P. O. Box 100, Vienna International Centre, AT-1400 Vienna (Austria)

2012-05-25

130

Databases and coordinated research projects at the IAEA on atomic processes in plasmas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Atomic and Molecular Data Unit at the IAEA works with a network of national data centres to encourage and coordinate production and dissemination of fundamental data for atomic, molecular and plasma-material interaction (A+M/PMI) processes that are relevant to the realization of fusion energy. The Unit maintains numerical and bibliographical databases and has started a Wiki-style knowledge base. The Unit also contributes to A+M database interface standards and provides a search engine that offers a common interface to multiple numerical A+M/PMI databases. Coordinated Research Projects (CRPs) bring together fusion energy researchers and atomic, molecular and surface physicists for joint work towards the development of new data and new methods. The databases and current CRPs on A+M/PMI processes are briefly described here.

Braams, Bastiaan J.; Chung, Hyun-Kyung

2012-05-01

131

DOG-SPOT database for comprehensive management of dog genetic research data  

PubMed Central

Research laboratories studying the genetics of companion animals have no database tools specifically designed to aid in the management of the many kinds of data that are generated, stored and analyzed. We have developed a relational database, "DOG-SPOT," to provide such a tool. Implemented in MS-Access, the database is easy to extend or customize to suit a lab's particular needs. With DOG-SPOT a lab can manage data relating to dogs, breeds, samples, biomaterials, phenotypes, owners, communications, amplicons, sequences, markers, genotypes and personnel. Such an integrated data structure helps ensure high quality data entry and makes it easy to track physical stocks of biomaterials and oligonucleotides.

2010-01-01

132

Tetrahymena Genome Database (TGD): a new genomic resource for Tetrahymena thermophila research  

PubMed Central

We have developed a web-based resource (available at ) for researchers studying the model ciliate organism Tetrahymena thermophila. Employing the underlying database structure and programming of the Saccharomyces Genome Database, the Tetrahymena Genome Database (TGD) integrates the wealth of knowledge generated by the Tetrahymena research community about genome structure, genes and gene products with the newly sequenced macronuclear genome determined by The Institute for Genomic Research (TIGR). TGD provides information curated from the literature about each published gene, including a standardized gene name, a link to the genomic locus in our graphical genome browser, gene product annotations utilizing the Gene Ontology, links to published literature about the gene and more. TGD also displays automatic annotations generated for the gene models predicted by TIGR. A variety of tools are available at TGD for searching the Tetrahymena genome, its literature and information about members of the research community.

Stover, Nicholas A.; Krieger, Cynthia J.; Binkley, Gail; Dong, Qing; Fisk, Dianna G.; Nash, Robert; Sethuraman, Anand; Weng, Shuai; Cherry, J. Michael

2006-01-01

133

Research and Technological Development Activities of the European Union: 1998 Annual Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The European Commission's Annual Report on research activities in 1997 offers an overview of new developments in Community research policy and research conducted during the year. The report is aimed at researchers, research organizations, and interested politicians, as well as the European Parliament and Council of Ministers. The report is currently available in English, French, and German (.pdf format).

1998-01-01

134

Data Recycling: Using Existing Databases to Increase Research Capacity in Speech-Language Development and Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: This clinical forum was organized to provide a means for informing the research and clinical communities of one mechanism through which research capacity might be enhanced within the field of speech-language pathology. Specifically, forum authors describe the process of conducting secondary analyses of extant databases to answer…

Justice, Laura M.; Breit-Smith, Allison; Rogers, Margaret

2010-01-01

135

Web research and genres in online databases: When the glossy page disappears  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article details the impact of online databases, proquest in particular, on composition research. When distinguishing different online texts, students often encounter research and documentation difficulties, indicating a need for more instruction that addresses new literacies emerging from the current transitional age of electronic and print cultures. I present new evaluative methods for online documents that utilize knowledge of online

Michelle Sidler

2002-01-01

136

Large-scale spatial population databases in infectious disease research.  

PubMed

Modelling studies on the spatial distribution and spread of infectious diseases are becoming increasingly detailed and sophisticated, with global risk mapping and epidemic modelling studies now popular. Yet, in deriving populations at risk of disease estimates, these spatial models must rely on existing global and regional datasets on population distribution, which are often based on outdated and coarse resolution data. Moreover, a variety of different methods have been used to model population distribution at large spatial scales. In this review we describe the main global gridded population datasets that are freely available for health researchers and compare their construction methods, and highlight the uncertainties inherent in these population datasets. We review their application in past studies on disease risk and dynamics, and discuss how the choice of dataset can affect results. Moreover, we highlight how the lack of contemporary, detailed and reliable data on human population distribution in low income countries is proving a barrier to obtaining accurate large-scale estimates of population at risk and constructing reliable models of disease spread, and suggest research directions required to further reduce these barriers. PMID:22433126

Linard, Catherine; Tatem, Andrew J

2012-03-20

137

Databases Available in the Research Information Center of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (December 1995).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Databases available online in the Research Information Center of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) are listed by acronym and by full title. In addition, descriptions of the databases, dates covered, producers, hard copy counterpart...

D. Cunningham

1995-01-01

138

Use of a Relational Database to Support Clinical Research: Application in a Diabetes Program  

PubMed Central

A database has been established to support conduct of clinical research and monitor delivery of medical care for 1200 diabetic patients as part of the Michigan Diabetes Research and Training Center (MDRTC). Use of an intelligent microcomputer to enter and retrieve the data and use of a relational database management system (DBMS) to store and manage data have provided a flexible, efficient method of achieving both support of small projects and monitoring overall activity of the Diabetes Center Unit (DCU). Simplicity of access to data, efficiency in providing data for unanticipated requests, ease of manipulations of relations, security and “logical data independence” were important factors in choosing a relational DBMS. The ability to interface with an interactive statistical program and a graphics program is a major advantage of this system. Out database currently provides support for the operation and analysis of several ongoing research projects.

Lomatch, Diane; Truax, Terry; Savage, Peter

1981-01-01

139

The Historical Violence Database: A Collaborative Research Project on the History of Violent Crime, Violent Death, and Collective Violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Historical Violence Database (HVD) is a collaborative research project to gather data on the history of violent crime, violent death, and collective violence. The database will serve as a repository for historical research (research notes, handwritten worksheets, spreadsheets, scans and photographs of original documents, etc.) and will integrate that research into a single information system based on standard worksheets

Randolph Roth; Douglas L. Eckberg; Cornelia Hughes Dayton; Kenneth Wheeler; James Watkinson; Robb Haberman; James M. Denham

2008-01-01

140

Union Songs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Forgotten the words to "Joe Hill," "Look for the Union Label," or "Do Re Mi?" Look no further than this site, created and maintained by Mark Gregory, a Web Development Project Officer at Macquarie University (Australia), which features the lyrics and many audio clips of approximately 100 classic and more recent union songs. Numerous lyrics pages also link to related sites. In addition, the site offers some book and CD reviews, a Union Discography, a bibliography, and song and union links. Joe Hill ain't never died.

141

Scientific evaluations of citation quality of international research articles in the SCI database: Thailand case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  Quantitative and qualitative scientific evaluations of the research performance of Thai researchers were carried out with\\u000a regards to their international publications and citations in four different subject categories; namely Clinical Medicine,\\u000a Chemistry, Material Sciences, and Engineering. This work used citations to publications of Thai researchers in the Science\\u000a Citation Index (SCI) database during 1998-2002 as a data source. The calculations

Narongrit Sombatsompop; Apisit Kositchaiyong; Teerasak Markpin; Sekson Inrit

2006-01-01

142

IOPI Database of Plant Databases  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Organization for Plant Information (IOPI), a Commission of the International Union of Biological Sciences (IUBS), manages the Database of Plant Databases (DPD). The DPD is a global list of plant databases including Taxonomic databases ("with systematic information on families or genera, or for Flora projects"); Collection catalogs (usually of herbaria); and DELTA datasets (DELTA is "the Description Language for Taxonomy, a data format for character data, used for identification, key construction and the generation of descriptions."). The DPD may be searched using numerous specified fields, or it may be viewed in its entirety -- by Database Name, Host Name, or Host Country. Though bare bones in appearance, this extensive database contains a gold mine of information, with hundreds of hyperlinks to valuable plant databases.

143

Methodological characteristics of the national dietary surveys carried out in the European Union as included in the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) Comprehensive European Food Consumption Database  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2009 competent organisations in the European Union provided the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) with data from the most recent national dietary survey at the level of individuals’ consumption. Twenty different Member States provided EFSA with data from 22 different national dietary surveys, with consumption figures for adults and, when available, for children. Member States’ dietary data were assembled

C. Merten; P. Ferrari; M. Bakker; A. Boss; Á. Hearty; C. Leclercq; O. Lindtner; C. Tlustos; P. Verger; J. L. Volatier; D. Arcella

2011-01-01

144

Patient-related risk factors for fracture-healing complications in the United Kingdom General Practice Research Database  

PubMed Central

Background and purpose A variety of risk factors have been hypothesized to contribute to the development of fracture-healing complications; however, population-based estimates of the strength of these risk factors are limited. In this case-control study, we evaluated patient-related risk factors for fracture-healing complications. Methods Using the United Kingdom General Practice Research Database, we identified patients with a fracture-healing complication (delayed union, nonunion, or malunion) between 1988 and 2008. 4 controls (i.e. patients with normal healing) were matched to each case on general practice, fracture site, fracture date, and length of history in the database. We used conditional logistic regression to estimate odds ratios (ORs) of various risk factors, including demographics, comorbidities, and medication use. Results Diabetes and use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) within 12 months before the initial fracture were associated with a higher odds of a fracture-healing complication (type-I diabetes: adjusted OR = 2.3, 95% CI: 1.3–3.8; type-II diabetes: adjusted OR = 2.3, CI: 1.4–3.7; NSAIDs: adjusted OR = 2.6, CI: 2.1–3.2). Patients who had a motor vehicle accident recorded within 1 month before their initial fracture were also at increased odds of a fracture-healing complication (adjusted OR = 2.6, CI: 1.2–5.4). Interpretation Diabetes, NSAID use, and a recent motor vehicle accident were most consistently associated with an increased risk of a fracture-healing complication, regardless of fracture site or specific fracture-healing complication. This analysis suggests that certain patient-related characteristics influence the development of fracture-healing complications in general, even though specific healing complications may differ by their mechanism.

2012-01-01

145

The plant organelles database (PODB): a collection of visualized plant organelles and protocols for plant organelle research.  

PubMed

The plant organelles database (PODB; http://podb.nibb.ac.jp/Organellome) was built to promote a comprehensive understanding of organelle dynamics, including organelle function, biogenesis, differentiation, movement and interactions with other organelles. This database consists of three individual parts, the organellome database, the functional analysis database and external links to other databases and homepages. The organellome database provides images of various plant organelles that were visualized with fluorescent and nonfluorescent probes in various tissues of several plant species at different developmental stages. The functional analysis database is a collection of protocols for plant organelle research. External links give access primarily to other databases and Web pages with information on transcriptomes and proteomes. All the data and protocols in the organellome database and the functional analysis database are populated by direct submission of experimentally determined data from plant researchers and can be freely downloaded. Our database promotes the exchange of information between plant organelle researchers for the comprehensive study of the organelle dynamics that support integrated functions in higher plants. We would also appreciate contributions of data and protocols from all plant researchers to maximize the usefulness of the database. PMID:17932059

Mano, Shoji; Miwa, Tomoki; Nishikawa, Shuh-ichi; Mimura, Tetsuro; Nishimura, Mikio

2007-10-11

146

Down syndrome: National conference on patient registries, research databases, and biobanks  

Microsoft Academic Search

A December 2010 meeting, “Down Syndrome: National Conference on Patient Registries, Research Databases, and Biobanks,” was jointly sponsored by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in Bethesda, MD, and the Global Down Syndrome Foundation (GDSF)\\/Linda Crnic Institute for Down Syndrome based in Denver, CO. Approximately 70

Mary Lou Oster-Granite; Melissa A. Parisi; Leonard Abbeduto; Dorit S. Berlin; Cathy Bodine; Dana Bynum; George Capone; Elaine Collier; Dan Hall; Lisa Kaeser; Petra Kaufmann; Jeffrey Krischer; Michelle Livingston; Linda L. McCabe; Jill Pace; Karl Pfenninger; Sonja A. Rasmussen; Roger H. Reeves; Yaffa Rubinstein; Stephanie Sherman; Sharon F. Terry; Michelle SieWhitten; Stephen Williams; Edward R. B. McCabe; Yvonne T. Maddox

2011-01-01

147

USING AN ONLINE DATABASE SEARCHING TUTORIAL TO ENCOURAGE REFLECTION ON THE RESEARCH PROCESS BY UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2003, Education Liaison Librarians designed and implemented an online database searching tutorial for students in a core third year Queensland University of Technology Bachelor of Education undergraduate unit. This was intended to promote reflection on the scholarly research process in undergraduate students. Impetus for the tutorial came from academic staff, librarians and student feedback. This indicated that students experienced

Joanna Logan

148

The Use of Population and Database Resources in Outcome-Based Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many patient management decisions an otolaryngologist makes every day stem from good patient- and population-based evidence. This paper will explore the topic of population\\/database research and how these studies are useful. We also examine the current literature on this subject, explore the strengths and weaknesses of these studies and provide information on the practical aspects of performing this type of

Laura J. Orvidas; Leif E. Jensen; Jennifer L. St. Sauver; Amy L. Weaver

2004-01-01

149

Vareniclineand suicidal behaviour: a cohortstudy based on data from the General Practice Research Database  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To determine whether varenicline, a recently licensed smoking cessation product, is associated with an increased risk of suicide and suicidal behaviour compared with alternative treatments bupropion and nicotine replacement therapy. Design Cohort study nested within the General Practice Research Database. Setting Primary care in the United Kingdom. Participants 80660 men and women aged 18-95 years were prescribed a new

D Gunnell; D Irvine; L Wise

150

Work Task Dimensions Underlying the World of Work: Research Results for Diverse Occupational Databases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports new research supporting the two bipolar work task dimensions that underlie the World-of-Work Map (WWM) and Holland's hexagon--working with data versus ideas (D/I) and working with things versus people (T/P). Three databases provided diverse perspectives on basic work tasks: (a) general nature of work (expert ratings for 1,122…

Prediger, Dale J.; Swaney, Kyle B.

2004-01-01

151

Development of English Speech Database Read by Japanese to Support CALL Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes development of ERJ (English Read by Japanese) database, which is designed to support CALL (Com- puter Assisted Language Learning) research. The DB is divided into two parts, English read by Japanese and that by Americans with the same reading sheets in both. The reading material is composed of four sections, prosodic\\/phonetic ? sentence\\/word sections. 202 Japanese students

Nobuaki MINEMATSU; Yoshihiro TOMIYAMA; Kei YOSHIMOTO; Katsumasa SHIMIZU; Seiichi NAKAGAWA; Masatake DANTSUJI; Shozo MAKINO

152

Investigating the Causes of 'VFR into IMC' Accidents: Database Analyses and Flight Simulation Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

General Aviation (GA) accidents involving 'VFR into IMC' continue to be a major source of fatalities with a fatality rate more than four times greater than for GA accidents in general. There has been much speculation and little solid evidence on the causes of these accidents. We have designed a broad programme of research involving analyses of air accident databases

David O'Hare; Douglas Owen

153

The Autophagy Database: an all-inclusive information resource on autophagy that provides nourishment for research.  

PubMed

Autophagy is a process of self-digestion generally observed in eukaryotes and has been shown to play crucial roles for survival under starvation and removal of deleterious substances. Despite great advances that have been made, many problems in mechanisms of autophagy remain unsolved. As a large number of autophagy-related proteins are identified in each species, a database that collects data, identifies their homologs in other species and makes them available will contribute to research advancement. As no such resources exist, we built the Autophagy database (http://tp-apg.genes.nig.ac.jp/autophagy) to provide basics, up-to-date information on relevant literature, and a list of autophagy-related proteins and their homologs in 41 eukaryotes. From the database, the user can search for proteins by keywords or sequences to obtain a wealth of data including functional and structural information and find possible functional homologs of proteins whose functions have been demonstrated in other species. As proteins that bind the phospholipid, phosphatidyl inositol 3-phosphate (PI3P) are essential for autophagy to proceed, we carried out an original analysis to identify probable PI3P-binding proteins, and made the list available from the database. The database is expected to give impetus to further research on autophagy by providing basic and specialized data on the subject. PMID:20972215

Homma, Keiichi; Suzuki, Koji; Sugawara, Hideaki

2010-10-23

154

Current Trends and New Challenges of Databases and Web Applications for Systems Driven Biological Research  

PubMed Central

Dynamic and rapidly evolving nature of systems driven research imposes special requirements on the technology, approach, design and architecture of computational infrastructure including database and Web application. Several solutions have been proposed to meet the expectations and novel methods have been developed to address the persisting problems of data integration. It is important for researchers to understand different technologies and approaches. Having familiarized with the pros and cons of the existing technologies, researchers can exploit its capabilities to the maximum potential for integrating data. In this review we discuss the architecture, design and key technologies underlying some of the prominent databases and Web applications. We will mention their roles in integration of biological data and investigate some of the emerging design concepts and computational technologies that are likely to have a key role in the future of systems driven biomedical research.

Sreenivasaiah, Pradeep Kumar; Kim, Do Han

2010-01-01

155

Current trends and new challenges of databases and web applications for systems driven biological research.  

PubMed

Dynamic and rapidly evolving nature of systems driven research imposes special requirements on the technology, approach, design and architecture of computational infrastructure including database and Web application. Several solutions have been proposed to meet the expectations and novel methods have been developed to address the persisting problems of data integration. It is important for researchers to understand different technologies and approaches. Having familiarized with the pros and cons of the existing technologies, researchers can exploit its capabilities to the maximum potential for integrating data. In this review we discuss the architecture, design and key technologies underlying some of the prominent databases and Web applications. We will mention their roles in integration of biological data and investigate some of the emerging design concepts and computational technologies that are likely to have a key role in the future of systems driven biomedical research. PMID:21423387

Sreenivasaiah, Pradeep Kumar; Kim, Do Han

2010-12-03

156

PRATIQUE: a research project to enhance pest risk analysis techniques in the European Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

PRATIQUE is an EC-funded 7th Framework research project designed to address the major challenges for pest risk analysis (PRA) in Europe. It has three principal objectives: (a) to assemble the datasets required to construct PRAs valid for the whole of the EU, (b) to conduct multi-disciplinary research that enhances the techniques used in PRA and (c) to provide a decision

R. H. A. Baker; A. Battisti; J. Bremmer; M. Kenis; J. Mumford; F. Petter; G. Schrader; S. Bacher; P. DeBarro; P. E. Hulme; O. Karadjova; A. Oude Lansink; O. Pruvost; P. Pysek; A. Roques; Y. Baranchikov; J.-H. Sun

2009-01-01

157

Pharmaceutical Drug Testing in the Former Soviet Union: Contract Research Organizations as Broker-Dealers in an Emerging Testing Ground for America's Big Pharma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developing countries are a fertile testing ground for the research and development of new drug products. Recently, Western pharmaceutical companies expanded their overseas drug testing from India and Africa to the former Soviet Union, where doctors in need of reliable income conduct clinical trials on subjects seeking access to medical care. Although U.S. government agencies monitor clinical drug trials sponsored

Yevgenia Shtilman

2009-01-01

158

Triage or Tapestry: Teacher Unions' Work Toward Improving Teacher Quality in an Era of Systemic Reform. A Research Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report looks at and identifies emerging trends in the roles that teacher unions play in educational reform and improving the quality of teaching. A description of the efforts of six teacher unions to improve teacher quality within the context of the ...

N. Bascia

2003-01-01

159

Psychology and Education of the Learning Disabled Child in the Soviet Union. Research Report No. 78.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The author surveys the status in the USSR of educational programing and psychological research with learning disabled children who are classified as temporarily retarded in psychological development (TRPD). Education and psychology in the USSR are said to be marked by the following major characteristics: a strong emphasis on the importance of…

Wozniak, R. H.

160

One-Stop Shopping: RLIN as a Union Catalog for Research Collections at the Getty Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the transition of the Getty Center Photo Archive from a museum library serving a select curatorial clientele to a major art research library, and the resulting need to devise new cataloging schemes. The discussion covers efforts to reconcile existing cataloging formats with MARC formats. (CLB)|

Bower, James M.

1988-01-01

161

STANDARD SCHEDULES FOR HOUSEHOLD PROJECTIONS1 --- A Database (preliminary version) of U.S. Race-Sex-Age-Specific Occurrence\\/Exposure Rates of Marriage\\/Union Formation & Dissolution, Marital and Non-Marital Fertility, and Race-Sex-Age-Specific Net Rates of Leaving Parental Home in the 1990s  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have presented in the database (in Excel file format) as part of the ProFamy package the race-sex-age-specific o\\/e rates of marital\\/union status transitions and race- age-parity-marital status-specific fertility o\\/e rates in the 1990s, based on a large data set which pools several relevant variables (age, sex, race, events history information on dates of marital\\/union status changes and births) from

Zeng Yi; Zhenglian Wang; Danan Gu; Philip Morgan

162

Web-based database for the management of tissue specimens in a transregional histological research facility  

PubMed Central

Background In the setting of a histological research core facility sample tracking and project specific archiving of tissue specimens and communication of related data is of central importance. Description Over a 24-month period 10 laboratories from two transregional research centers submitted in excess of 3000 tissue samples for histological processing and evaluation to our core facility. A web based database was set up to overcome the logistical problem of managing samples with inconsistent, duplicate and missing labels and to allow for efficient sample tracking, archiving and communication with the collaborating research laboratories. The database allows the users to remotely generate unique sample identifiers and enter sample annotation prior to sample processing. Furthermore the database facilitates communication about experimental set-up results and media files such as histological images. Conclusion Our newly constructed web based portal is an important tool for the management of research samples of our histological core facility and facilitates significantly interdisciplinary and transregional research. It is freely available for scientific use.

2011-01-01

163

Research on the integration and query optimization for the distributed heterogeneous database  

Microsoft Academic Search

Heterogeneous database query optimization should study not only the node database integrated in different database, but also to solve the strategy problem which the data query optimization. In this paper, it studied integration among the node database in the distributed heterogeneous database system and the query strategy for the data in heterogeneous databases. It was put forward the database of

Zhang Zhenyou; Jingjing Zhang; Liu Shu; Cao Zhi

2011-01-01

164

A Database for Mycobacterium Secretome Analysis: 'MycoSec' to Accelerate Global Health Research.  

PubMed

Abstract Members of the genus Mycobacterium are notorious for their pathogenesis. Investigations from various perspectives have identified the pathogenic strategies employed by these lethal pathogens. Secretomes are believed to play crucial roles in host cell recognition and cross-talks, in cellular attachment, and in triggering other functions related to host pathogen interactions. However, a proper idea of the mycobacterial secretomes and their mechanism of functionality still remains elusive. In the present study, we have developed a comprehensive database of potential mycobacterial secretomes (MycoSec) using pre-existing algorithms for secretome prediction for researchers interested in this particular field. The database provides a platform for retrieval and analysis of identified secretomes in all finished genomes of the family Mycobacteriaceae. The database contains valuable information regarding secretory signal peptides (Sec type), lipoprotein signal peptides (Lipo type), and Twin arginine (RR/KR) signal peptides (TAT type), prevalent in mycobacteria. Information pertaining to COG analysis, codon usage, and gene expression of the predicted secretomes has also been incorporated in the database. MycoSec promises to be a useful repertoire providing a plethora of information regarding mycobacterial secretomes and may well be a platform to speed global health research. MycoSec is freely accessible at http://www.bicnbu.in/mycosec . PMID:23952586

Roy, Ayan; Bhattacharya, Sanghati; Bothra, Asim K; Sen, Arnab

2013-08-16

165

MIPS PlantsDB: a database framework for comparative plant genome research.  

PubMed

The rapidly increasing amount of plant genome (sequence) data enables powerful comparative analyses and integrative approaches and also requires structured and comprehensive information resources. Databases are needed for both model and crop plant organisms and both intuitive search/browse views and comparative genomics tools should communicate the data to researchers and help them interpret it. MIPS PlantsDB (http://mips.helmholtz-muenchen.de/plant/genomes.jsp) was initially described in NAR in 2007 [Spannagl,M., Noubibou,O., Haase,D., Yang,L., Gundlach,H., Hindemitt, T., Klee,K., Haberer,G., Schoof,H. and Mayer,K.F. (2007) MIPSPlantsDB-plant database resource for integrative and comparative plant genome research. Nucleic Acids Res., 35, D834-D840] and was set up from the start to provide data and information resources for individual plant species as well as a framework for integrative and comparative plant genome research. PlantsDB comprises database instances for tomato, Medicago, Arabidopsis, Brachypodium, Sorghum, maize, rice, barley and wheat. Building up on that, state-of-the-art comparative genomics tools such as CrowsNest are integrated to visualize and investigate syntenic relationships between monocot genomes. Results from novel genome analysis strategies targeting the complex and repetitive genomes of triticeae species (wheat and barley) are provided and cross-linked with model species. The MIPS Repeat Element Database (mips-REdat) and Catalog (mips-REcat) as well as tight connections to other databases, e.g. via web services, are further important components of PlantsDB. PMID:23203886

Nussbaumer, Thomas; Martis, Mihaela M; Roessner, Stephan K; Pfeifer, Matthias; Bader, Kai C; Sharma, Sapna; Gundlach, Heidrun; Spannagl, Manuel

2012-11-29

166

Inter-Parliamentary Union = Union Interparlementaire  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Inter-Parliamentary Union, a "world organization of parliaments of sovereign States" since 1889, provides this informational site, which is highlighted by two searchable databases, PARLINE and PARLIT. PARLINE contains information about parliaments in over 190 countries, including structure, leader, percentage of women, term, and other useful data which may include distribution by political group and sex, candidacy eligiblilty requirements, and background to the last election. A comparative search function allows qualitative and quantitative search variables and returns country parliaments that meet specifications. PARLIT contains bibliographic references to a subset of IPU's 37,000 item database. Items from 1992-present are currently available. Searches can be performed on seven variables, including country, parliamentary organization, periodical, and language. The IPU site also contains links to parliamentary web sites and other information about the organization.

1998-01-01

167

Human gene mutation database-a biomedical information and research resource.  

PubMed

Although 20 years have elapsed since the first single basepair substitution underlying an inherited disease in humans was characterised at the DNA level, the initiative has only recently been taken to establish central database resources for pathological genetic variants. Disease-associated gene lesions are currently collected and publicised by the Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD) in Cardiff, locus-specific mutation databases, and to some extent also by the Genome Database (GDB) and Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM). To date, HGMD represents the only comprehensive and publicly available database of gene lesions underlying human inherited disease. By July 1999, HGMD contained over 18,000 different mutations from some 900 human genes, the majority being single basepair substitutions. In addition to its potential as an information resource for clinicians and genetic counsellors, HGMD has allowed molecular geneticists to address a variety of biological questions through meta-analysis of the collated data. HGMD also promises to assist research workers in optimising mutation search strategies for a given gene. A questionnaire sent out to, and answered by, the editors of 20 key journals revealed that human genetics journals are increasingly reluctant to publish mutation reports. Electronic data submission and publication facilities are therefore urgently required. The World Wide Web (WWW) provides an excellent medium within which to combine the centralised management of basic mutation data, including rigorous quality control, with the possibility of publishing additional mutation-related information. In response to these needs, HGMD has both instituted a collaboration with Springer-Verlag GmbH, Heidelberg, to potentiate free online submission and electronic publication of human gene mutation data and developed links with the curators of locus-specific mutation databases. PMID:10612821

Krawczak, M; Ball, E V; Fenton, I; Stenson, P D; Abeysinghe, S; Thomas, N; Cooper, D N

2000-01-01

168

Genomics and Public Health Research: Can the State Allow Access to Genomic Databases?  

PubMed Central

Because many diseases are multifactorial disorders, the scientific progress in genomics and genetics should be taken into consideration in public health research. In this context, genomic databases will constitute an important source of information. Consequently, it is important to identify and characterize the State’s role and authority on matters related to public health, in order to verify whether it has access to such databases while engaging in public health genomic research. We first consider the evolution of the concept of public health, as well as its core functions, using a comparative approach (e.g. WHO, PAHO, CDC and the Canadian province of Quebec). Following an analysis of relevant Quebec legislation, the precautionary principle is examined as a possible avenue to justify State access to and use of genomic databases for research purposes. Finally, we consider the Influenza pandemic plans developed by WHO, Canada, and Quebec, as examples of key tools framing public health decision-making process. We observed that State powers in public health, are not, in Quebec, well adapted to the expansion of genomics research. We propose that the scope of the concept of research in public health should be clear and include the following characteristics: a commitment to the health and well-being of the population and to their determinants; the inclusion of both applied research and basic research; and, an appropriate model of governance (authorization, follow-up, consent, etc.). We also suggest that the strategic approach version of the precautionary principle could guide collective choices in these matters.

Cousineau, J; Girard, N; Monardes, C; Leroux, T; Jean, M Stanton

2012-01-01

169

Second Research Coordination Meeting on Reference Database for Neutron Activation Analysis -- Summary Report  

SciTech Connect

The second meeting of the Co-ordinated Research Project on"Reference Database for Neutron Activation Analysis" was held at the IAEA, Vienna from 7-9 May, 2007. A summary of the presentations made by participants is given, along with reports on specifically assigned tasks and subsequent discussions. In order to meet the overall objectives of this CRP, the outputs have been reiterated and new task assignments made.

Firestone, Richard B.; Kellett, Mark A.

2008-03-19

170

Varenicline and suicidal behaviour: a cohort study based on data from the General Practice Research Database  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To determine whether varenicline, a recently licensed smoking cessation product, is associated with an increased risk of suicide and suicidal behaviour compared with alternative treatments bupropion and nicotine replacement therapy.Design Cohort study nested within the General Practice Research Database.Setting Primary care in the United Kingdom.Participants 80 660 men and women aged 18-95 years were prescribed a new course of

D Gunnell; D Irvine; L Wise; C Davies; R M Martin

2009-01-01

171

Clinical Database Management Software (CDMS) for Medical, Diagnostic and Research Centers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Clinical Database Management Software (CDMS) is a state-of-the-art concept in integrated medical report recording and analysis for the medical and research fraternity. It revolutionizes the archiving and analysis of patient data and replaces the traditional passive and manual method of collecting patient data in text format with an active, online, easy-to-use pop-up and pull-down series of menus in an

K. K. Rajput; R. J. Augustus

2001-01-01

172

Existing data sources for clinical epidemiology: The North Denmark Bacteremia Research Database  

PubMed Central

Bacteremia is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Improving prevention and treatment requires better knowledge of the disease and its prognosis. However, in order to study the entire spectrum of bacteremia patients, we need valid sources of information, prospective data collection, and complete follow-up. In North Denmark Region, all patients diagnosed with bacteremia have been registered in a population-based database since 1981. The information has been recorded prospectively since 1992 and the main variables are: the patient’s unique civil registration number, date of sampling the first positive blood culture, date of admission, clinical department, date of notification of growth, place of acquisition, focus of infection, microbiological species, antibiogram, and empirical antimicrobial treatment. During the time from 1981 to 2008, information on 22,556 cases of bacteremia has been recorded. The civil registration number makes it possible to link the database to other medical databases and thereby build large cohorts with detailed longitudinal data that include hospital histories since 1977, comorbidity data, and complete follow-up of survival. The database is suited for epidemiological research and, presently, approximately 60 studies have been published. Other Danish departments of clinical microbiology have recently started to record the same information and a population base of 2.3 million will be available for future studies.

Sch?nheyder, Henrik C; S?gaard, Mette

2010-01-01

173

Human health risk assessment database, "the NHSRC toxicity value database": supporting the risk assessment process at US EPA's National Homeland Security Research Center.  

PubMed

The toxicity value database of the United States Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) National Homeland Security Research Center has been in development since 2004. The toxicity value database includes a compilation of agent property, toxicity, dose-response, and health effects data for 96 agents: 84 chemical and radiological agents and 12 biotoxins. The database is populated with multiple toxicity benchmark values and agent property information from secondary sources, with web links to the secondary sources, where available. A selected set of primary literature citations and associated dose-response data are also included. The toxicity value database offers a powerful means to quickly and efficiently gather pertinent toxicity and dose-response data for a number of agents that are of concern to the nation's security. This database, in conjunction with other tools, will play an important role in understanding human health risks, and will provide a means for risk assessors and managers to make quick and informed decisions on the potential health risks and determine appropriate responses (e.g., cleanup) to agent release. A final, stand alone MS ACESSS working version of the toxicity value database was completed in November, 2007. PMID:18692516

Moudgal, Chandrika J; Garrahan, Kevin; Brady-Roberts, Eletha; Gavrelis, Naida; Arbogast, Michelle; Dun, Sarah

2008-07-15

174

Human health risk assessment database, 'the NHSRC toxicity value database': Supporting the risk assessment process at US EPA's National Homeland Security Research Center  

SciTech Connect

The toxicity value database of the United States Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) National Homeland Security Research Center has been in development since 2004. The toxicity value database includes a compilation of agent property, toxicity, dose-response, and health effects data for 96 agents: 84 chemical and radiological agents and 12 biotoxins. The database is populated with multiple toxicity benchmark values and agent property information from secondary sources, with web links to the secondary sources, where available. A selected set of primary literature citations and associated dose-response data are also included. The toxicity value database offers a powerful means to quickly and efficiently gather pertinent toxicity and dose-response data for a number of agents that are of concern to the nation's security. This database, in conjunction with other tools, will play an important role in understanding human health risks, and will provide a means for risk assessors and managers to make quick and informed decisions on the potential health risks and determine appropriate responses (e.g., cleanup) to agent release. A final, stand alone MS ACESSS working version of the toxicity value database was completed in November, 2007.

Moudgal, Chandrika J. [U.S. EPA/Office of Research and Development (ORD), National Homeland Security Research Center (NHSRC) (United States)], E-mail: moudgal.chandrika@epa.gov; Garrahan, Kevin; Brady-Roberts, Eletha [U.S. EPA/Office of Research and Development (ORD), National Homeland Security Research Center (NHSRC) (United States); Gavrelis, Naida; Arbogast, Michelle; Dun, Sarah [Eastern Research Group, Inc. (ERG) (United States)

2008-11-15

175

High Tech High interns develop a mid-ocean ridge database for research and education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mid-ocean ridges (MOR) represent one of the most important geographic features on planet Earth. MORs are the locations where plates spread apart, they are the locations of most of the earths' volcanoes that harbor some of the most extreme life forms. These concepts attract much research, but mid-ocean ridges are still effectively not represented in the earth science class rooms. We began an internship at Scripps to develop a database for mid-ocean ridges as a resource for science and for education. Major research goals of this project include the development of an archival structure for data, images or any other arbitrary digital objects relating to MORs, and to compile a global data set for some of the most defining characteristics of every ridge segment. One of the challenges included the need of making MOR data useful to the scientist as well as the teacher in the class room. While this data base remains a long term project, we completed a series of first order steps that establish an archival structure and lay out the defining information for each ridge segment. To create this database we used existing maps of the age of the ocean floor (University of Sidney) and the MOR locations from the University of Texas database. We divided the global MOR system into segments through their end-point coordinates, using the mid-point lat/lon as a generic name and we digitized the area of the 11 Ma isochron. Each ridge segment was also characterized with the ocean it is in, and the names of the plates. This allowed us to create a database structure for MOR segments, similar to the seamount catalogue (http://earthref.org/databases/SC/main.htm). The data compiled allow us to determine the length of the ridges, spreading rates, the ocean crust production rates, and plate motion vectors for every ridge segment, ocean or the global ocean ridge system. The process of creating this data base introduced us to the excitement of MOR research, allowing us to create a resource that is equally useful for researchers as well as the members of the educational community.

Staudigel, D.; Delaney, R.; Staudigel, H.; Koppers, A.; Miller, S.

2003-04-01

176

Global Invasive Species Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Global Invasive Species Database was developed by the Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG), an international group of 100+ scientific and policy experts with the Species Survival Commission (SSC) of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN). The entry page of the Website offers background information on invasive species and instructions on how to use the database. A section entitled 100 of the worst (ranging from Rat to Purple Loosestrife) gives viewers an idea of the type of information that will be included in the database, both in terms of expected detail and organizational structure of the database. Types of information provided for each species include Ecology, Distribution, Habitat Matches, References, and Contacts. In addition, a Predictive feature allows viewers to predict the expansion of invasive species, and the Early Warning System matches habitats that the species has already invaded with "other similar habitats around the world." Although still under construction, this database should be a powerful tool for researchers and educators, once completed.

177

High Tech High School Interns Develop a Mid-Ocean Ridge Database for Research and Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mid-ocean ridges (MOR) represent one of the most important geographical and geological features on planet Earth. MORs are the locations where plates spread apart, they are the locations of the majority of the Earths' volcanoes that harbor some of the most extreme life forms. These concepts attract much research, but mid-ocean ridges are still effectively underrepresented in the Earth science class rooms. As two High Tech High School students, we began an internship at Scripps to develop a database for mid-ocean ridges as a resource for science and education. This Ridge Catalog will be accessible via http://earthref.org/databases/RC/ and applies a similar structure, design and data archival principle as the Seamount Catalog under EarthRef.org. Major research goals of this project include the development of (1) an archival structure for multibeam and sidescan data, standard bathymetric maps (including ODP-DSDP drill site and dredge locations) or any other arbitrary digital objects relating to MORs, and (2) to compile a global data set for some of the most defining characteristics of every ridge segment including ridge segment length, depth and azimuth and half spreading rates. One of the challenges included the need of making MOR data useful to the scientist as well as the teacher in the class room. Since the basic structure follows the design of the Seamount Catalog closely, we could move our attention to the basic data population of the database. We have pulled together multibeam data for the MOR segments from various public archives (SIOExplorer, SIO-GDC, NGDC, Lamont), and pre-processed it for public use. In particular, we have created individual bathymetric maps for each ridge segment, while merging the multibeam data with global satellite bathymetry data from Smith & Sandwell (1997). The global scale of this database will give it the ability to be used for any number of applications, from cruise planning to data

Staudigel, D.; Delaney, R.; Staudigel, H.; Koppers, A. A.; Miller, S. P.

2004-12-01

178

[Preparation of the Eighth Framework Programme of the European Union--Health Priority. European Commission organizes proposal of aims in biomedical research prospecting to 2020].  

PubMed

Eighth framework programme (FP8) of the European Union for years 2014-2020 undergoes the preparatory process. The overview presents current status of the programme preparation. European Commission organized three workshops (-omics in personalised medicine, 4D biology for health and disease, and Stratification biomarkers in personalised medicine) with the purpose to bring together experts from different fields to build a 2020 vision, and to identify the research needs for next years. PMID:22132619

Kinkorová, Judita

2011-01-01

179

Down syndrome: national conference on patient registries, research databases, and biobanks.  

PubMed

A December 2010 meeting, "Down Syndrome: National Conference on Patient Registries, Research Databases, and Biobanks," was jointly sponsored by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in Bethesda, MD, and the Global Down Syndrome Foundation (GDSF)/Linda Crnic Institute for Down Syndrome based in Denver, CO. Approximately 70 attendees and organizers from various advocacy groups, federal agencies (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and various NIH Institutes, Centers, and Offices), members of industry, clinicians, and researchers from various academic institutions were greeted by Drs. Yvonne Maddox, Deputy Director of NICHD, and Edward McCabe, Executive Director of the Linda Crnic Institute for Down Syndrome. They charged the participants to focus on the separate issues of contact registries, research databases, and biobanks through both podium presentations and breakout session discussions. Among the breakout groups for each of the major sessions, participants were asked to generate responses to questions posed by the organizers concerning these three research resources as they related to Down syndrome and then to report back to the group at large with a summary of their discussions. This report represents a synthesis of the discussions and suggested approaches formulated by the group as a whole. PMID:21835664

Oster-Granite, Mary Lou; Parisi, Melissa A; Abbeduto, Leonard; Berlin, Dorit S; Bodine, Cathy; Bynum, Dana; Capone, George; Collier, Elaine; Hall, Dan; Kaeser, Lisa; Kaufmann, Petra; Krischer, Jeffrey; Livingston, Michelle; McCabe, Linda L; Pace, Jill; Pfenninger, Karl; Rasmussen, Sonja A; Reeves, Roger H; Rubinstein, Yaffa; Sherman, Stephanie; Terry, Sharon F; Whitten, Michelle Sie; Williams, Stephen; McCabe, Edward R B; Maddox, Yvonne T

2011-07-13

180

When unions \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

This examination of the Stock Market's responsiveness to strikes looks specifically at strike actions that labor historians generally view as the major ones occurring in the United States in the years 1925-37. The authors find that strikes had large, negative effects on industry stock value. Longer strikes, violent strikes, strikes in which unions 'won,' industry-wide strikes, strikes that led to

John DiNardo; Kevin F. Hallock

2002-01-01

181

Ninth Graders' Use of a Shared Database in an Internet Research Project: Issues of Collaboration and Knowledge-Building  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a student Internet research project, 82 ninth-grade students created and used a shared bibliographic database of resources which they found on the World Wide Web. This paper analyzes the students' use of the database in terms of two dimensions: 1) how much students were involved in collaboration as opposed to individually-oriented activities, and 2) how much they were oriented

Jeff Kupperman; Raven Wallace; Nathan Bos

182

[The development of European Union common research and development policy and programs with special regard to life sciences].  

PubMed

Research and development (R&D) has been playing a leading role in the European Community's history since the very beginning of European integration. Its importance has grown in recent years, after the launch of the Lisbon strategy. Framework programs have always played a considerable part in community research. The aim of their introduction was to fine tune national R&D activities, and to successfully divide research tasks between the Community and the member states. The Community, from the very outset, has acknowledged the importance of life sciences. It is no coincidence that life sciences have become the second biggest priority in the last two framework programs. This study provides a historical, and at the same time analytical and evaluative review of community R&D policy and activity from the starting point of its development until the present day. It examines in detail how the changes in structure, conditional system, regulations and priorities of the framework programs have followed the formation of social and economic needs. The paper puts special emphasis on the analysis of the development of life science research, presenting how they have met the challenges of the age, and how they have been built into the framework programs. Another research area of the present study is to elaborate how successfully Hungarian researchers have been joining the community research, especially the framework programs in the field of life sciences. To answer these questions, it was essential to survey, process and analyze the data available in the national and European public and closed databases. Contrary to the previous documents, this analysis doesn't concentrate on the political and scientific background. It outlines which role community research has played in sustainable social and economic development and competitiveness, how it has supported common policies and how the processes of integration have been deepening. Besides, the present paper offers a complete review of the given field, from its foundation up until the present day, by elaborating the newest initiatives and ideas for the future. This work is also novel from the point of view of the given professional field, the life sciences in the framework programs, and processing and evaluating of data of Hungarian participation in the 5th and 6th framework programs in the field of life sciences. PMID:19632918

Pörzse, Gábor

2009-08-01

183

Unions, Solidarity, and Striking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Organizational resources and group solidarity are central foci in literature on social movements generally and worker insurgency specifically. Research, however, seldom deals with both simultaneously and their potential interrelations. In this article, we examine the complex relationships between union organization and worker solidarity relative to strike action. We draw on a data set of 133 content-coded workplace ethnographies and use

Marc Dixon; Vincent J. Roscigno; Randy Hodson

2004-01-01

184

Allergen databases.  

PubMed

Allergies represent a significant medical and industrial problem. Molecular and clinical data on allergens are growing exponentially and in this article we have reviewed nine specialized allergen databases and identified data sources related to protein allergens contained in general purpose molecular databases. An analysis of allergens contained in public databases indicates a high level of redundancy of entries and a relatively low coverage of allergens by individual databases. From this analysis we identify current database needs for allergy research and, in particular, highlight the need for a centralized reference allergen database. PMID:14616118

Brusic, V; Millot, M; Petrovsky, N; Gendel, S M; Gigonzac, O; Stelman, S J

2003-11-01

185

Shaping Union and Gender Identities: A Case Study of Women-Only Trade Union Courses  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractIn the context of efforts to revitalize unions and the acknowledged need to widen participation within trade unions, this paper argues that women-only trade union education acts as a vehicle for increasing women's participation and for improving their experiences of unions. Drawing on a qualitative research study of women-only courses in two large male-dominated British trade unions, the findings indicate

Gill Kirton; Geraldine Healy

2004-01-01

186

An overview of administrative and national survey databases for use in otolaryngology research.  

PubMed

An emerging focus on measurement and reporting of health care quality indicators calls for a sound evidence base that otolaryngologists can use to support clinical care decisions. In addition to traditional clinical trials, practitioners are heeding results of high-quality comparative-effectiveness and health services research analyses to better understand the complexity of disease epidemiology, care variation, health care costs, and surgical utilization for common conditions. Many national publicly available data sources exist for use in clinical research that may be of benefit for the academic and clinical otolaryngologist. The strength and value of these sources vary depending on the intended use or research question. The purpose of this commentary is to introduce and provide an overview of some major national and administrative databases, highlight potential strengths and limitations of these data, and suggest applications for use in advancing the care of our patients in otolaryngology. PMID:23447488

Boss, Emily F; Shah, Rahul K

2013-02-27

187

Lung Image Database Consortium: Developing a Resource for the Medical Imaging Research Community  

Cancer.gov

Samuel G. Armato III, PhD, Geoffrey McLennan, MD, PhD, Michael F. McNitt-Gray, PhD, Charles R. Meyer, PhD, David Yankelevitz, MD, Denise R. Aberle, MD, Claudia I. Henschke, MD, PhD, Eric A. Hoffman, PhD, Ella A. Kazerooni, MD, MS, Heber MacMahon, MD, Anthony P. Reeves, PhD, Barbara Y. Croft, PhD, Laurence P. Clarke, PhD, For the Lung Image Database Consortium Research Group, Radiology 2004; 232: 739-748.

188

Monitoring of equine health in Denmark: the importance, purpose, research areas and content of a future database.  

PubMed

The plentiful data on Danish horses are currently neither organized nor easily accessible, impeding register-based epidemiological studies on Danish horses. A common database could be beneficial. In principle, databases can contain a wealth of information, but no single database can serve every purpose. Hence the establishment of a Danish equine health database should be preceded by careful consideration of its purpose and content, and stakeholder attitudes should be investigated. The objectives of the present study were to identify stakeholder attitudes to the importance, purpose, research areas and content of a health database for horses in Denmark. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 13 horse-related stakeholder groups in Denmark. The groups surveyed included equine veterinarians, researchers, veterinary students, representatives from animal welfare organizations, horse owners, trainers, farriers, authority representatives, ordinary citizens, and representatives from laboratories, insurance companies, medical equipment companies and pharmaceutical companies. Supplementary attitudes were inferred from qualitative responses. The overall response rate for all stakeholder groups was 45%. Stakeholder group-specific response rates were 27-80%. Sixty-eight percent of questionnaire respondents thought a national equine health database was important. Most respondents wanted the database to contribute to improved horse health and welfare, to be used for research into durability and disease heritability, and to serve as a basis for health declarations for individual horses. The generally preferred purpose of the database was thus that it should focus on horse health and welfare rather than on performance or food safety, and that it should be able to function both at a population and an individual horse level. In conclusion, there is a positive attitude to the establishment of a health database for Danish horses. These results could enrich further reflection on the establishment of a Danish equine health database and prove useful to institutions abroad considering establishing similar databases. PMID:23194891

Hartig, Wendy; Houe, Hans; Andersen, Pia Haubro

2012-11-26

189

Attitudes and Behavior of UMCP Students and Employees toward the Maryland Student Union. Research Report No. 3-81.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attitudes and behavior of students and employees at The University of Maryland, College Park, regarding the Maryland Student Union (MSU) were surveyed. The typical respondent was a single, white, undergraduate female, who commuted to school and was likely to use the MSU approximately four times a week. There was a generally positive attitude…

Webster, Dennis W.; Sedlacek, William E.

190

Attitudes and Behavior of UMCP Students and Employees toward the Maryland Student Union. Research Report No. 3-81.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Attitudes and behavior of students and employees at The University of Maryland, College Park, regarding the Maryland Student Union (MSU) were surveyed. The typical respondent was a single, white, undergraduate female, who commuted to school and was likely to use the MSU approximately four times a week. There was a generally positive attitude…

Webster, Dennis W.; Sedlacek, William E.

191

Original Research Conducted on Identity of Union Civil War Soldiers Buried in Stones River National Cemetery, Tennessee.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Presented is historical information about approximately 4000 Union soldiers who dicol during the Civil War and are buried in Stones River National Cemetery in Tennessee. Arranged by burial site the soldier's name is given as it appears on the grave marker...

D. E. Magee

1989-01-01

192

RWC Music Database: Classical Music Database and Jazz Music Database  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the design policy and overview ofRWC music database that gives researchers freedom of common use and research use. Various commonly available databases have been built in other research fields because ofthe importance and significance ofthose databases. In the field ofmusical inf ormation processing, however, there has not been any commonly available music database. We have therefore built

Masataka Goto; Hiroki Hashiguchi; Takuichi Nishimura; Ryuichi Oka

2002-01-01

193

Pyramid Servings Database  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Content Cancer Control and Population Sciences Home Applied Research Home Risk Factor Monitoring and Methods Home Pyramid Servings Database for NHANES III: Pyramid Servings Database Home Accessing the Databases Search the Database Documentation Related

194

Validation and validity of diagnoses in the General Practice Research Database: a systematic review  

PubMed Central

AIMS To investigate the range of methods used to validate diagnoses in the General Practice Research Database (GPRD), to summarize findings and to assess the quality of these validations. METHODS A systematic literature review was performed by searching PubMed and Embase for publications using GPRD data published between 1987 and April 2008. Additional publications were identified from conference proceedings, back issues of relevant journals, bibliographies of retrieved publications and relevant websites. Publications that reported attempts to validate disease diagnoses recorded in the GPRD were included. RESULTS We identified 212 publications, often validating more than one diagnosis. In total, 357 validations investigating 183 different diagnoses met our inclusion criteria. Of these, 303 (85%) utilized data from outside the GPRD to validate diagnoses. The remainder utilized only data recorded in the database. The median proportion of cases with a confirmed diagnosis was 89% (range 24–100%). Details of validation methods and results were often incomplete. CONCLUSIONS A number of methods have been used to assess validity. Overall, estimates of validity were high. However, the quality of reporting of the validations was often inadequate to permit a clear interpretation. Not all methods provided a quantitative estimate of validity and most methods considered only the positive predictive value of a set of diagnostic codes in a highly selected group of cases. We make recommendations for methodology and reporting to strengthen further the use of the GPRD in research.

Herrett, Emily; Thomas, Sara L; Schoonen, W Marieke; Smeeth, Liam; Hall, Andrew J

2010-01-01

195

Overtime Pay, Overtime Hours, and Labor Unions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyzes the effect of labor unions on overtime compensation and overtime hours. Estimates from May 1985 Current Population Survey data indicate that unionization increases the prevalence of premium pay for overtime and reduces the incidence and extent of overtime hours. Along with the finding of previous research that unionized workers are more susceptible to temporary layoffs, these results

Stephen J. Trejo

1993-01-01

196

Existing data sources for clinical epidemiology: The clinical laboratory information system (LABKA) research database at Aarhus University, Denmark  

PubMed Central

This paper provides an introduction to the clinical laboratory information system (LABKA) research database in Northern and Central Denmark. The database contains millions of stored laboratory test results for patients living in the two Danish regions, encompassing 1.8 million residents, or one-third of the country’s population. More than 1700 different types of blood test analyses are available. Therefore, the LABKA research database represents an incredible source for studies involving blood test analyses. By record linkage of different Danish registries with the LABKA research database, it is possible to examine a large number of biomarkers as predictors of disease risk and prognosis and as markers of disease severity, and to evaluate medical treatments regarding effectiveness and possible side effects. Large epidemiological studies using routinely stored blood test results for individual patients can be performed because it is possible to link the laboratory data to high-quality individual clinical patient data in Denmark.

Grann, Anne Fia; Erichsen, Rune; Nielsen, Anders Gunnar; Fr?slev, Trine; Thomsen, Reimar W

2011-01-01

197

MaizeGDB: The Maize Model Organism Database for Basic, Translational, and Applied Research  

PubMed Central

In 2001 maize became the number one production crop in the world with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations reporting over 614 million tonnes produced. Its success is due to the high productivity per acre in tandem with a wide variety of commercial uses. Not only is maize an excellent source of food, feed, and fuel, but also its by-products are used in the production of various commercial products. Maize's unparalleled success in agriculture stems from basic research, the outcomes of which drive breeding and product development. In order for basic, translational, and applied researchers to benefit from others' investigations, newly generated data must be made freely and easily accessible. MaizeGDB is the maize research community's central repository for genetics and genomics information. The overall goals of MaizeGDB are to facilitate access to the outcomes of maize research by integrating new maize data into the database and to support the maize research community by coordinating group activities.

Lawrence, Carolyn J.; Harper, Lisa C.; Schaeffer, Mary L.; Sen, Taner Z.; Seigfried, Trent E.; Campbell, Darwin A.

2008-01-01

198

Labor unions and safety climate: Perceived union safety values and retail employee safety outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although trade unions have long been recognized as a critical advocate for employee safety and health, safety climate research has not paid much attention to the role unions play in workplace safety. We proposed a multiple constituency model of workplace safety which focused on three central safety stakeholders: top management, ones’ immediate supervisor, and the labor union. Safety climate research

Robert R. Sinclair; James E. Martin; Lindsay E. Sears

2010-01-01

199

Coalescing in Temporal Databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Coalescing is a unary operator applicable totemporal databases; it is similar to duplicateelimination in conventional databases. Tuplesin a temporal relation that agree on theexplicit attribute values and that have adjacentor overlapping time periods are candidatesfor coalescing. Uncoalesced relationscan arise in many ways, e.g., via a projectionor union operator, or by not enforcing coalescingon update or insertion. In this paperwe show

Michael H. Böhlen; Richard T. Snodgrass; Michael D. Soo

1996-01-01

200

Turning Text into Research Networks: Information Retrieval and Computational Ontologies in the Creation of Scientific Databases  

PubMed Central

Background Web-based, free-text documents on science and technology have been increasing growing on the web. However, most of these documents are not immediately processable by computers slowing down the acquisition of useful information. Computational ontologies might represent a possible solution by enabling semantically machine readable data sets. But, the process of ontology creation, instantiation and maintenance is still based on manual methodologies and thus time and cost intensive. Method We focused on a large corpus containing information on researchers, research fields, and institutions. We based our strategy on traditional entity recognition, social computing and correlation. We devised a semi automatic approach for the recognition, correlation and extraction of named entities and relations from textual documents which are then used to create, instantiate, and maintain an ontology. Results We present a prototype demonstrating the applicability of the proposed strategy, along with a case study describing how direct and indirect relations can be extracted from academic and professional activities registered in a database of curriculum vitae in free-text format. We present evidence that this system can identify entities to assist in the process of knowledge extraction and representation to support ontology maintenance. We also demonstrate the extraction of relationships among ontology classes and their instances. Conclusion We have demonstrated that our system can be used for the conversion of research information in free text format into database with a semantic structure. Future studies should test this system using the growing number of free-text information available at the institutional and national levels.

Ceci, Flavio; Pietrobon, Ricardo; Goncalves, Alexandre Leopoldo

2012-01-01

201

Phenotypic Information in Genomic Variant Databases Enhances Clinical Care and Research: The ISCA Consortium Experience  

PubMed Central

Whole genome analysis, now including whole genome sequencing, is moving rapidly into the clinical setting, leading to detection of human variation on a broader scale than ever before. Interpreting this information will depend on the availability of thorough and accurate phenotype information, and the ability to curate, store, and access data on genotype-phenotype relationships. This idea has already been demonstrated within the context of chromosome microarray (CMA) testing. The International Standards for Cytogenomic Arrays (ISCA) Consortium promotes standardization of variant interpretation for this technology through its initiatives, including the formation of a publicly available database housing clinical CMA data. Recognizing that phenotypic data is essential for the interpretation of genomic variants, the ISCA Consortium has developed tools to facilitate the collection of this data and its deposition in a standardized, structured format within the ISCA Consortium database. This rich source of phenotypic data can also be used within broader applications, such as developing phenotypic profiles of emerging genomic disorders, the identification of candidate regions for particular phenotypes, or the creation of tools for use in clinical practice. We summarize the ISCA experience as a model for ongoing efforts incorporating phenotype data with genotype data to improve the quality of research and clinical care in human genetics.

Riggs, Erin Rooney; Jackson, Laird; Miller, David T.; Van Vooren, Steven

2012-01-01

202

Consensus versus disagreement in imaging research: a case study using the LIDC database.  

PubMed

Traditionally, image studies evaluating the effectiveness of computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) use a single label from a medical expert compared with a single label produced by CAD. The purpose of this research is to present a CAD system based on Belief Decision Tree classification algorithm, capable of learning from probabilistic input (based on intra-reader variability) and providing probabilistic output. We compared our approach against a traditional decision tree approach with respect to a traditional performance metric (accuracy) and a probabilistic one (area under the distance-threshold curve-AuC(dt)). The probabilistic classification technique showed notable performance improvement in comparison with the traditional one with respect to both evaluation metrics. Specifically, when applying cross-validation technique on the training subset of instances, boosts of 28.26% and 30.28% were noted for the probabilistic approach with respect to accuracy and AuC(dt), respectively. Furthermore, on the validation subset of instances, boosts of 20.64% and 23.21% were noted again for the probabilistic approach with respect to the same two metrics. In addition, we compared our CAD system results with diagnostic data available for a small subset of the Lung Image Database Consortium database. We discovered that when our CAD system errs, it generally does so with low confidence. Predictions produced by the system also agree with diagnoses of truly benign nodules more often than radiologists, offering the possibility of reducing the false positives. PMID:22193755

Zinovev, Dmitriy; Duo, Yujie; Raicu, Daniela S; Furst, Jacob; Armato, Samuel G

2012-06-01

203

The Human Studies Database Project: Federating Human Studies Design Data Using the Ontology of Clinical Research  

PubMed Central

Human studies, encompassing interventional and observational studies, are the most important source of evidence for advancing our understanding of health, disease, and treatment options. To promote discovery, the design and results of these studies should be made machine-readable for large-scale data mining, synthesis, and re-analysis. The Human Studies Database Project aims to define and implement an informatics infrastructure for institutions to share the design of their human studies. We have developed the Ontology of Clinical Research (OCRe) to model study features such as design type, interventions, and outcomes to support scientific query and analysis. We are using OCRe as the reference semantics for federated data sharing of human studies over caGrid, and are piloting this implementation with several Clinical and Translational Science Award (CTSA) institutions.

Sim, Ida; Carini, Simona; Tu, Samson; Wynden, Rob; Pollock, Brad H.; Mollah, Shamim A.; Gabriel, Davera; Hagler, Herbert K.; Scheuermann, Richard H.; Lehmann, Harold P.; Wittkowski, Knut M.; Nahm, Meredith; Bakken, Suzanne

2010-01-01

204

Research and implementation the system integration on distributed heterogeneous database based on the Hibernate  

Microsoft Academic Search

The distributed heterogeneous databases have many different physical positions, if all kinds of operation were done, the basic problems must be to solve was the system integration in various heterogeneous database. In this paper, it describes the system integration schemes on the Hibernate technology of B\\/S structure of the distributed heterogeneous database, and analyzed the core content of the data

Zhang Zhenyou; Gu Wei; Cao Zhi

2011-01-01

205

Searching biosignal databases by content and context: Research Oriented Integration System for ECG Signals (ROISES).  

PubMed

Technological advances in textile, biosensor and electrocardiography domain induced the wide spread use of bio-signal acquisition devices leading to the generation of massive bio-signal datasets. Among the most popular bio-signals, electrocardiogram (ECG) possesses the longest tradition in bio-signal monitoring and recording, being a strong and relatively robust signal. As research resources are fostered, research community promotes the need to extract new knowledge from bio-signals towards the adoption of new medical procedures. However, integrated access, query and management of ECGs are impeded by the diversity and heterogeneity of bio-signal storage data formats. In this scope, the proposed work introduces a new methodology for the unified access to bio-signal databases and the accompanying metadata. It allows decoupling information retrieval from actual underlying datasource structures and enables transparent content and context based searching from multiple data resources. Our approach is based on the definition of an interactive global ontology which manipulates the similarities and the differences of the underlying sources to either establish similarity mappings or enrich its terminological structure. We also introduce ROISES (Research Oriented Integration System for ECG Signals), for the definition of complex content based queries against the diverse bio-signal data sources. PMID:21397354

Kokkinaki, Alexandra; Chouvarda, Ioanna; Maglaveras, Nicos

2011-03-11

206

JPRS Report, Soviet Union, Political Affairs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Partial Contents: Party, State Affairs, History, Philosophy, Religion, Culture, Social Issues, Regional Issues, Address, Ideological, Representatives, Pact, Contemporary Culture Conference, AIDS Research, Environmental, Natural resource, New Union, Radioa...

1988-01-01

207

Exploring the Returns to Continuing Vocational Training in Enterprises. A Review of Research within and Outside of the European Union. CEDEFOP Pahnorama.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The returns on continuing vocational training (CVT) in enterprises were examined through a review of research on the returns on employer-provided training. A search of "Econ Lit," ERIC, and other databases identified more than 90 publications on the topic. Twenty-one publications examining the relationship between training inputs and training…

Barrett, Alan; Hovels, Ben; den Boer, Paul; Kraayvanger, Geert

208

The impact of the European financial crisis on clinical research within the European union or "when life gives you lemons, make lemonade".  

PubMed

The European Union (EU) and the world are faced with unprecedented economic challenges, which if allowed to persist could threaten its continued existence in its current form as a union. Furthermore, these same financial challenges can easily translate into societal hardship. The biomedical and pharmaceutical industries of the U.S. and Europe have been in the midst of severe financial constraints over the last few years, which will worsen in the coming years. A critical factor is a financial crisis that appears to be spreading like wildfire through Europe, with 3 of its oldest members (Greece, Ireland, Portugal) already having enlisted the aid of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to avoid bankruptcy, and with the possibility of others to follow (Italy, Spain). Adding to this the increasing cost of introducing new medications and devices, and conducting clinical research, as well as the tightening regulatory pressures and the drying pharmaceutical pipelines, cost cutting pressures are mounting on pharmaceutical industries and the biomedical sector, whether in academia or in industry. This paper will attempt to highlight some of the problems that clinical research in Europe may be facing, as well as discuss some of the potential solutions. Although this will by no means be an exhaustive analysis, the goal is to show that times of financial hardship, such as the current one, may also provide the impetus for constructive change. PMID:23930050

Tsoulfas, G

2012-01-01

209

The impact of the European financial crisis on clinical research within the European union or "when life gives you lemons, make lemonade"  

PubMed Central

The European Union (EU) and the world are faced with unprecedented economic challenges, which if allowed to persist could threaten its continued existence in its current form as a union. Furthermore, these same financial challenges can easily translate into societal hardship. The biomedical and pharmaceutical industries of the U.S. and Europe have been in the midst of severe financial constraints over the last few years, which will worsen in the coming years. A critical factor is a financial crisis that appears to be spreading like wildfire through Europe, with 3 of its oldest members (Greece, Ireland, Portugal) already having enlisted the aid of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to avoid bankruptcy, and with the possibility of others to follow (Italy, Spain). Adding to this the increasing cost of introducing new medications and devices, and conducting clinical research, as well as the tightening regulatory pressures and the drying pharmaceutical pipelines, cost cutting pressures are mounting on pharmaceutical industries and the biomedical sector, whether in academia or in industry. This paper will attempt to highlight some of the problems that clinical research in Europe may be facing, as well as discuss some of the potential solutions. Although this will by no means be an exhaustive analysis, the goal is to show that times of financial hardship, such as the current one, may also provide the impetus for constructive change.

Tsoulfas, G

2012-01-01

210

Image Databases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Different kinds of pictorial databases are described with respect to aims, user groups, search possibilities, storage, and distribution. Some specific examples are given for databases used for the following purposes: (1) labor markets for artists; (2) document management; (3) telling a story; (4) preservation (archives and museums); (5) research;…

Pettersson, Rune

211

Research and application of ORACLE performance optimizing technologies for building airplane environment resource database  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many problems exist in processing experimental aircraft vibration (temperature, humidity) data and generating the intermediate calculations during the construction of airplane environment resource database, such as the need to deal with both structural and non-structural data, weak capacity of the client browser for data processing and massive network data transferring etc. To solve the above problems, some strategies on tuning and optimization performance of database are employed base on Oracle11g, which include data storage structure tuning, the memory configuration of the server, the disk I/O tuning and SQL statement tuning. The experimental results show that the performance of airplane environment resource database is enhanced about 80% compared with the database developed in the initial demonstration and validation phase. The application of new optimization strategies to the database construction can lay a sound foundation for finishing building airplane environment resource database.

Zhang, Jianjun; Sun, Jianyong; Cheng, Conggao

2013-03-01

212

Unions, Vitamins, Exercise: Unionized Graduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|After the turbulent labor history of America in the early to mid twentieth century, there has been a general decline of unions. Nevertheless, many graduate school teaching assistants are unionizing in attempts to gain better pay and benefits and remove themselves from an "Ivory Sweatshop." This article discusses a history of unions within…

Dewberry, David R.

2005-01-01

213

The Digital Astronaut: An integrated modeling and database system for space biomedical research and operations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Digital Astronaut is an integrated, modular modeling and database system that will support space biomedical research and operations in a variety of fundamental ways. This system will enable the identification and meaningful interpretation of the medical and physiological research required for human space exploration, a determination of the effectiveness of specific individual human countermeasures in reducing risk and meeting health and performance goals on challenging exploration missions and an evaluation of the appropriateness of various medical interventions during mission emergencies, accidents and illnesses. Such a computer-based, decision support system will enable the construction, validation and utilization of important predictive simulations of the responses of the whole human body to the types of stresses experienced during space flight and low-gravity environments. These simulations will be essential for direct, real-time analysis and maintenance of astronaut health and performance capabilities. The Digital Astronaut will collect and integrate past and current human data across many physiological disciplines and simulations into an operationally useful form that will not only summarize knowledge in a convenient and novel way but also reveal gaps that must be filled via new research in order to effectively ameliorate biomedical risks. Initial phases of system development will focus on simulating ground-based analog systems that are just beginning to collect multidisciplinary data in a standardized way (e.g., the International Multidisciplinary Artificial Gravity Project). During later phases, the focus will shift to development and planning for missions and to exploration mission operations. Then, the Digital Astronaut system will enable evaluation of the effectiveness of multiple, simultaneously applied countermeasures (a task made difficult by the many-system physiological effects of individual countermeasures) and allow for the prescription of individualized astronaut countermeasures. Additionally, during exploration missions, this system will support autonomous and telemedicine-assisted health and performance assessment and medical care.

White, Ronald J.; McPhee, Jancy C.

2007-02-01

214

The research of network database security technology based on web service  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Database technology is one of the most widely applied computer technologies, its security is becoming more and more important. This paper introduced the database security, network database security level, studies the security technology of the network database, analyzes emphatically sub-key encryption algorithm, applies this algorithm into the campus-one-card system successfully. The realization process of the encryption algorithm is discussed, this method is widely used as reference in many fields, particularly in management information system security and e-commerce.

Meng, Fanxing; Wen, Xiumei; Gao, Liting; Pang, Hui; Wang, Qinglin

2013-03-01

215

The Research Potential of the Electronic OED Database at the University of Waterloo: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the history and structure of the online database of the second edition of the Oxford English Dictionary (OED) and the software tools developed at the University of Waterloo to manipulate the unusually complex database. Four sample searches that indicate some types of problems that might be encountered are appended. (DB)|

Berg, Donna Lee

1991-01-01

216

The research on the query optimization on the distributed heterogeneous database based on the response time  

Microsoft Academic Search

The user's response time was an important indicator for the heterogeneous database which locate in the different network. This paper describes the structure of the distributed heterogeneous database system of query optimization system based on the Hibernate technical for the B\\/S structure, and analysis the calculation of the response time. Finally an example was used to demonstrate the feasibility and

Zhang Zhenyou; Luo Bin; Cao Zhi

2011-01-01

217

Research of Heterogeneous Database Integration Based on XML and JAVA Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aiming at using different types of heterogeneous database system for enterprises and institutions, we design and implement a global data management and query processing in heterogeneous database information processing system in Intranet, The system adopts structs techniques of MVC pattern, and use Java component technology in enterprise Java Bean component technology to implement the MVC pattern in models. This paper

Zhang Zhenyou; Wang Honghui; Zhang Hao

2009-01-01

218

The Research Potential of the Electronic OED Database at the University of Waterloo: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the history and structure of the online database of the second edition of the Oxford English Dictionary (OED) and the software tools developed at the University of Waterloo to manipulate the unusually complex database. Four sample searches that indicate some types of problems that might be encountered are appended. (DB)

Berg, Donna Lee

1991-01-01

219

On design and implementation of an object-relational spatial database for activity\\/travel behaviour research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of micro level models of urban processes has partially been facilitated by increased availability of detailed activity\\/travel survey data. Managing and exploring these data can be resource intensive and time consuming. Researchers and municipal planning organizations increasingly face information management challenges. This paper reviews an experiment in design and implementation of an object-relational geographic database using the principles

Ronald N. Buliung; Pavlos S. Kanaroglou

2004-01-01

220

U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service Mahantango Creek Watershed, Pennsylvania, United States: Long-term precipitation database  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A long-term precipitation database has been developed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit to support intensive hydrologic and water quality research within WE-38, a 7.3 km2 experimental subwatershed of Mahantango Creek Watershed located in east central Pennsylvania and draining to the Susquehanna River. Daily precipitation data were collected at three sites, with record lengths of 40 years (1968-2007) at two sites and of 29 years (1979-2007) at a third site. Data are available on the USDA ARS's Sustaining the Earth's Watersheds—Agricultural Research Data System (STEWARDS) Web site.

Buda, Anthony R.; Veith, Tamie L.; Folmar, Gordon J.; Feyereisen, Gary W.; Bryant, Ray B.; Church, Clinton D.; Schmidt, John P.; Dell, Curtis J.; Kleinman, Peter J. A.

2011-08-01

221

Virtual Database Technology for Distributed Database  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, our research objective is to develop a database virtualization technique so that data analysts or other users who apply data mining methods to their jobs can use all ubiquitous databases in the Internet as if they were recognized as a single database, thereby helping to reduce their workloads such as data collection from the Internet databases and

Yuji Wada; Yuta Watanabe; Keisuke Syoubu; Jun Sawamoto; Takashi Katoh

2010-01-01

222

Comprehensive research synopsis and systematic meta-analyses in Parkinson's disease genetics: The PDGene database.  

PubMed

More than 800 published genetic association studies have implicated dozens of potential risk loci in Parkinson's disease (PD). To facilitate the interpretation of these findings, we have created a dedicated online resource, PDGene, that comprehensively collects and meta-analyzes all published studies in the field. A systematic literature screen of -27,000 articles yielded 828 eligible articles from which relevant data were extracted. In addition, individual-level data from three publicly available genome-wide association studies (GWAS) were obtained and subjected to genotype imputation and analysis. Overall, we performed meta-analyses on more than seven million polymorphisms originating either from GWAS datasets and/or from smaller scale PD association studies. Meta-analyses on 147 SNPs were supplemented by unpublished GWAS data from up to 16,452 PD cases and 48,810 controls. Eleven loci showed genome-wide significant (P < 5 × 10(-8)) association with disease risk: BST1, CCDC62/HIP1R, DGKQ/GAK, GBA, LRRK2, MAPT, MCCC1/LAMP3, PARK16, SNCA, STK39, and SYT11/RAB25. In addition, we identified novel evidence for genome-wide significant association with a polymorphism in ITGA8 (rs7077361, OR 0.88, P? =? 1.3 × 10(-8)). All meta-analysis results are freely available on a dedicated online database (www.pdgene.org), which is cross-linked with a customized track on the UCSC Genome Browser. Our study provides an exhaustive and up-to-date summary of the status of PD genetics research that can be readily scaled to include the results of future large-scale genetics projects, including next-generation sequencing studies. PMID:22438815

Lill, Christina M; Roehr, Johannes T; McQueen, Matthew B; Kavvoura, Fotini K; Bagade, Sachin; Schjeide, Brit-Maren M; Schjeide, Leif M; Meissner, Esther; Zauft, Ute; Allen, Nicole C; Liu, Tian; Schilling, Marcel; Anderson, Kari J; Beecham, Gary; Berg, Daniela; Biernacka, Joanna M; Brice, Alexis; DeStefano, Anita L; Do, Chuong B; Eriksson, Nicholas; Factor, Stewart A; Farrer, Matthew J; Foroud, Tatiana; Gasser, Thomas; Hamza, Taye; Hardy, John A; Heutink, Peter; Hill-Burns, Erin M; Klein, Christine; Latourelle, Jeanne C; Maraganore, Demetrius M; Martin, Eden R; Martinez, Maria; Myers, Richard H; Nalls, Michael A; Pankratz, Nathan; Payami, Haydeh; Satake, Wataru; Scott, William K; Sharma, Manu; Singleton, Andrew B; Stefansson, Kari; Toda, Tatsushi; Tung, Joyce Y; Vance, Jeffery; Wood, Nick W; Zabetian, Cyrus P; Young, Peter; Tanzi, Rudolph E; Khoury, Muin J; Zipp, Frauke; Lehrach, Hans; Ioannidis, John P A; Bertram, Lars

2012-03-15

223

Implementing and Maintaining a Researchable Database from Electronic Medical Records: A Perspective from an Academic Family Medicine Department  

PubMed Central

Electronic medical records (EMRs) are posited as a tool for improving practice, policy and research in primary healthcare. This paper describes the Deliver Primary Healthcare Information (DELPHI) Project at the Department of Family Medicine at the University of Western Ontario, focusing on its development, current status and research potential in order to share experiences with researchers in similar contexts. The project progressed through four stages: (a) participant recruitment, (b) EMR software modification and implementation, (c) database creation and (d) data quality assessment. Currently, the DELPHI database holds more than two years of high-quality, de-identified data from 10 practices, with 30,000 patients and nearly a quarter of a million encounters.

Stewart, Moira; Thind, Amardeep; Terry, Amanda L.; Chevendra, Vijaya; Marshall, J. Neil

2009-01-01

224

Bibliography on spatiotemporal databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spatial and temporal databases are important and well-established sub-disciplines of database research. Some 350 papers in temporal databases have appeared, authored by almost 300 researchers. The literature on spatial databases is also substantial; the bibliography of Samet's landmark book on spatial data structures lists 823 references.

Khaled K. Al-Taha; Richard Thomas Snodgrass; Michael D. Soo

1993-01-01

225

When humans are the exception: cross-species databases at the interface of biological and clinical research.  

PubMed

Cross-species comparison has long been regarded as a stepping-stone for medical research, enabling the discovery and testing of prospective treatments before they undergo clinical trial on humans. Post-genomic medicine has made cross-species comparison crucial in another respect: the 'community databases' developed to collect and disseminate data on model organisms are now often used as a template for the dissemination of data on humans and as a tool for comparing results of medical significance across the human-animal boundary. This paper identifies and discusses four key problems encountered by database curators when integrating human and non-human data within the same database: (1) picking criteria for what counts as reliable evidence, (2) selecting metadata, (3) standardising and describing research materials and (4) choosing nomenclature to classify data. An analysis of these hurdles reveals epistemic disagreement and controversies underlying cross-species comparisons, which in turn highlight important differences in the experimental cultures of biologists and clinicians trying to make sense of these data. By considering database development through the eyes of curators, this study casts new light on the complex conjunctions of biological and clinical practice, model organisms and human subjects, and material and virtual sources of evidence--thus emphasizing the fragmented, localized and inherently translational nature of biomedicine. PMID:22848998

Leonelli, Sabina

2012-04-01

226

ATGC: a database of orthologous genes from closely related prokaryotic genomes and a research platform for microevolution of prokaryotes  

SciTech Connect

The database of Alignable Tight Genomic Clusters (ATGCs) consists of closely related genomes of archaea and bacteria, and is a resource for research into prokaryotic microevolution. Construction of a data set with appropriate characteristics is a major hurdle for this type of studies. With the current rate of genome sequencing, it is difficult to follow the progress of the field and to determine which of the available genome sets meet the requirements of a given research project, in particular, with respect to the minimum and maximum levels of similarity between the included genomes. Additionally, extraction of specific content, such as genomic alignments or families of orthologs, from a selected set of genomes is a complicated and time-consuming process. The database addresses these problems by providing an intuitive and efficient web interface to browse precomputed ATGCs, select appropriate ones and access ATGC-derived data such as multiple alignments of orthologous proteins, matrices of pairwise intergenomic distances based on genome-wide analysis of synonymous and nonsynonymous substitution rates and others. The ATGC database will be regularly updated following new releases of the NCBI RefSeq. The database is hosted by the Genomics Division at Lawrence Berkeley National laboratory and is publicly available at http://atgc.lbl.gov.

Novichkov, Pavel S.; Ratnere, Igor; Wolf, Yuri I.; Koonin, Eugene V.; Dubchak, Inna

2009-07-23

227

Genome databases  

SciTech Connect

Since the Genome Project began several years ago, a plethora of databases have been developed or are in the works. They range from the massive Genome Data Base at Johns Hopkins University, the central repository of all gene mapping information, to small databases focusing on single chromosomes or organisms. Some are publicly available, others are essentially private electronic lab notebooks. Still others limit access to a consortium of researchers working on, say, a single human chromosome. An increasing number incorporate sophisticated search and analytical software, while others operate as little more than data lists. In consultation with numerous experts in the field, a list has been compiled of some key genome-related databases. The list was not limited to map and sequence databases but also included the tools investigators use to interpret and elucidate genetic data, such as protein sequence and protein structure databases. Because a major goal of the Genome Project is to map and sequence the genomes of several experimental animals, including E. coli, yeast, fruit fly, nematode, and mouse, the available databases for those organisms are listed as well. The author also includes several databases that are still under development - including some ambitious efforts that go beyond data compilation to create what are being called electronic research communities, enabling many users, rather than just one or a few curators, to add or edit the data and tag it as raw or confirmed.

Courteau, J.

1991-10-11

228

Ant Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Research entomologist Ted Schultz from the Smithsonian Institution maintains this impressive work in progress. This online database represents the Smithsonian's identified ant collection, including 4,580 valid named species or subspecies. The taxonomy is current with Bolton's 1995 catalog and includes reported holdings through June 1998. The database may be queried by Subfamily, Tribe, Genus, Subgenus, Species, Subspecies, Author, or Types, and typical returns give concise taxonomic information, total specimens (workers, females, and males), author, and year.

Schultz, Ted.

2000-01-01

229

Virus Pathogen Database and Analysis Resource (ViPR): A Comprehensive Bioinformatics Database and Analysis Resource for the Coronavirus Research Community  

PubMed Central

Several viruses within the Coronaviridae family have been categorized as either emerging or re-emerging human pathogens, with Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (SARS-CoV) being the most well known. The NIAID-sponsored Virus Pathogen Database and Analysis Resource (ViPR, www.viprbrc.org) supports bioinformatics workflows for a broad range of human virus pathogens and other related viruses, including the entire Coronaviridae family. ViPR provides access to sequence records, gene and protein annotations, immune epitopes, 3D structures, host factor data, and other data types through an intuitive web-based search interface. Records returned from these queries can then be subjected to web-based analyses including: multiple sequence alignment, phylogenetic inference, sequence variation determination, BLAST comparison, and metadata-driven comparative genomics statistical analysis. Additional tools exist to display multiple sequence alignments, view phylogenetic trees, visualize 3D protein structures, transfer existing reference genome annotations to new genomes, and store or share results from any search or analysis within personal private ‘Workbench’ spaces for future access. All of the data and integrated analysis and visualization tools in ViPR are made available without charge as a service to the Coronaviridae research community to facilitate the research and development of diagnostics, prophylactics, vaccines and therapeutics against these human pathogens.

Pickett, Brett E.; Greer, Douglas S.; Zhang, Yun; Stewart, Lucy; Zhou, Liwei; Sun, Guangyu; Gu, Zhiping; Kumar, Sanjeev; Zaremba, Sam; Larsen, Christopher N.; Jen, Wei; Klem, Edward B.; Scheuermann, Richard H.

2012-01-01

230

How do validated measures of functional outcome compare with commonly used outcomes in administrative database research for lumbar spinal surgery?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clinical interpretation of health services research based on administrative databases is limited by the lack of patient-reported\\u000a functional outcome measures. Reoperation, as a surrogate measure for poor outcome, may be biased by preferences of patients\\u000a and surgeons and may even be planned a priori. Other available administrative data outcomes, such as postoperative cross sectional\\u000a imaging (PCSI), may better reflect changes

Daniel Omoto; S. Samuel Bederman; Albert J. M. Yee; Hans J. Kreder; Joel A. Finkelstein

2010-01-01

231

LLNL's Regional Model Calibration and Body-Wave Discrimination Research in the Former Soviet Union using Peaceful Nuclear Explosions (PNEs)  

SciTech Connect

Long-range seismic profiles from Peaceful Nuclear Explosions (PNE) in the Former Soviet Union (FSU) provide a unique data set to investigate several important issues in regional Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) monitoring. The recording station spacing ({approx}15 km) allows for extremely dense sampling of the propagation from the source to {approx} 3300 km. This allows us to analyze the waveforms at local, near- and far-regional and teleseismic distances. These data are used to: (1) study the evolution of regional phases and phase amplitude ratios along the profile; (2) infer one-dimensional velocity structure along the profile; and (3) evaluate the spatial correlation of regional and teleseismic travel times and regional phase amplitude ratios. We analyzed waveform data from four PNE's (m{sub b} = 5.1-5.6) recorded along profile KRATON, which is an east-west trending profile located in northern Sibertil. Short-period regional discriminants, such as P/S amplitude ratios, will be essential for seismic monitoring of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) at small magnitudes (m{sub b} < 4.0). However, P/S amplitude ratios in the short-period band, 0.5-5.0 Hz, show some scatter. This scatter is primarily due to propagation and site effects, which arise from variability in the elastic and anelastic structure of the crustal waveguide. Preliminary results show that Pg and Lg propagate efficiently in north Siberia at regional distances. The amplitude ratios show some variability between adjacent stations that are modeled by simple distance trends. The effect of topography, sediment and crustal thickness, and upper mantle discontinuities on these ratios, after removal of the distance trends, will be investigated. The travel times of the body wave phases recorded on KEATON have been used to compute the one-dimensional structure of the crust and upper mantle in this region. The path-averaged one-dimensional velocity model was computed by minimizing the first arriving P-phase travel-time residuals for all distances ({Delta} = 300-2300 km). A grid search approach was used in the minimization. The most significant features of this model are the negative lid-gradient and a low-velocity zone in the upper mantle between the depths of 100-200 km; precise location of the LVZ is poorly constrained by the travel time data. We will extend our investigation to additional PNE lines to further investigate the amplitude and travel-time variations in eastern and central Eurasia. Finally, the dense station spacing of the PNE profiles allows us to model the spatial correlation of travel times and amplitude ratios through variogram modeling. The statistical analysis suggests that the correlation lengths of the travel-time and amplitude measurements are 12{sup o} and 10{sup o}, respectively.

Bhattacharyya, J.; Rodgers, A.; Swenson, J.; Schultz, C.; Walter, W.; Mooney, W.; Clitheroe, G.

2000-07-14

232

International Nuclear Safety Center (INSC) database  

SciTech Connect

As an integral part of DOE`s International Nuclear Safety Center (INSC) at Argonne National Laboratory, the INSC Database has been established to provide an interactively accessible information resource for the world`s nuclear facilities and to promote free and open exchange of nuclear safety information among nations. The INSC Database is a comprehensive resource database aimed at a scope and level of detail suitable for safety analysis and risk evaluation for the world`s nuclear power plants and facilities. It also provides an electronic forum for international collaborative safety research for the Department of Energy and its international partners. The database is intended to provide plant design information, material properties, computational tools, and results of safety analysis. Initial emphasis in data gathering is given to Soviet-designed reactors in Russia, the former Soviet Union, and Eastern Europe. The implementation is performed under the Oracle database management system, and the World Wide Web is used to serve as the access path for remote users. An interface between the Oracle database and the Web server is established through a custom designed Web-Oracle gateway which is used mainly to perform queries on the stored data in the database tables.

Sofu, T.; Ley, H.; Turski, R.B.

1997-08-01

233

Search Middleware and the Simple Digital Library Interoperability Protocol [and] Meeting the Challenge of Film Research In the Electronic Age [and] Collection-based Persistent Digital Archives-Part 1 [and] The Virtual Union Catalog: A Comparative Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Includes four articles that discuss: (1) search middleware, or software packages that allow access to information sources for digital libraries; (2) film archives and building online collections of data for use in film research and teaching; (3) digital archives; and (4) a virtual union catalog for the University of California. (LRW)|

Paepcke, Andreas; Brandriff, Robert; Janee, Greg; Larson, Ray; Ludaescher, Bertram; Melnik, Sergey; Raghavan, Sriram; [and] Owen, Catherine; Pearson, Tony; Arnold, Stephen; [and] Moore, Reagan; Baru, Chaitan; Rajasekar, Arcot; Ludaescher, Bertram; Marciano, Richard; Wan, Michael; Schroeder, Wayne; Gupta, Amarnath; [and] Coyle, Karen

2000-01-01

234

Assisting science in the Former Soviet Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

The turmoil and economic hardships in the former Soviet Union have not bypassed its scientific community. Governments and scientists around the world bemoan the collapse of the Soviet science infrastructure and the potential loss of Soviet weapons scientists to untrustworthy nations. In joint research collaborations, many see both the chance to assist science in the former Soviet Union and a

Audrey T. Leath

1992-01-01

235

Queuing for Union Jobs and the Social Return to Schooling. Institute for Research on Poverty Discussion Papers. Report 360-76.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An analysis of the argument that a market imperfection (wage differentials and queuing caused by unions) raises the marginal social product (MSP) of college education above the average before-tax private wage premium (APP) for college (this discrepancy is called a union-Q-nality) focuses on verifying five hypotheses: (1) Workers with identical…

Bishop, John

236

MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA DATABASE DEVELOPMENT AND RESEARCH TO POPULATE THE DOE KNOWLEDGE BASE  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this work is to update, analyze, and document data for the Middle East and North Africa regions in order to provide accurate input to the DOE's Knowledge Base system. Specifically, we aim to provide assessments and comparison of different geophysical databases, such as Moho and basement maps, for the region of study, in an effort to document

Muawia Barazangi; Dogan Seber; Eric Sandvol; Francisco Gomez; Christine Sandvol; Carrie Brindisi

237

Summa DB: A research note about an Italian accounting history database  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper details the preparation, structure, uses and availability of a database (known as Summa DB) which collects and codifies many aspects of the accounting history literature contributed by Italian authors. There are a total of 1,253 units of analysis: 1,197 Italian language publications printed from 1861 to 2010, and 56 international articles and books printed from 1976 to 2010.

Valerio Antonelli; Raffaele D’Alessio

2011-01-01

238

REQUEST: a testbed relational database management system for instructional and research purposes  

Microsoft Academic Search

A database management system designed for instructional use should offer facilities usually not required in a commercial environment. In particular, it should support a wide range of user interfaces, access methods, and internal organizations in a modular and flexible way, so that the effect on the system performance of choosing one of them may be illustrated. REQUEST is a relational

Bogdan D. Czejdo; Marek Rusinkiewicz

1984-01-01

239

Are unions good for productivity?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a critical view of the thesis, associated with Harvard analysts, that unions ‘cause’ higher productivity.\\u000a It is argued that the research results of this controversial literature are to be regarded with considerable skepticism, not\\u000a least because of the limited empirical and theoretical content of the underlying model.

John T. Addison

1982-01-01

240

The Analysis of Union Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is now a substantial body of economic research that models the behavior of labor unions as maximization of a well defined objective function. This paper presents both a selective critical survey of this literature and a preliminary consideration of some important problems that have not been addressed in the literature to date. Particular emphasis is on work that is

Henry S. Farber

1984-01-01

241

A Hypervelocity Experimental Research Database (HERD): Support for the Wright Laboratory Armament Directorate Code Validation Program (COVAL)  

SciTech Connect

The Hypervelocity Experimental Research Database (HERD) described in this paper was developed to aid researchers with code validation for impacts that occur at velocities faster than the testable regime. Codes of concern include both hydrocodes and fast-running analytical or semi-empirical models used to predict the impact phenomenology and damage that results to projectiles and targets. There are several well documented experimental programs that can serve as benchmarks for code validation; these are identified and described. Recommendations for further experimentation (a canonical problem) to provide validation data are also discussed.

Mullin, S.A.; Anderson, C.E. Jr. [Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, TX (United States). Materials and Mechanics Dept.; Hertel, E.S. Jr. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Hunt, R.D. [Wright Lab. Armament Directorate, Eglin AFB, FL (United States). Technology Assessment Branch

1994-10-01

242

A Hypervelocity Experimental Research Database (HERD): Support for the Wright Laboratory Armament Directorate Code Validation Program (COVAL)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Hypervelocity Experimental Research Database (HERD) described in this paper was developed to aid researchers with code validation for impacts that occur at velocities faster than the testable regime. Codes of concern include both hydrocodes and fast-running analytical or semi-empirical models used to predict the impact phenomenology and damage that results to projectiles and targets. There are several well documented experimental programs that can serve as benchmarks for code validation; these are identified and described. Recommendations for further experimentation (a canonical problem) to provide validation data are also discussed.

Mullin, Scott A.; Anderson, Charles E., Jr.; Hertel, Eugene S., Jr.; Hunt, Ronald D.

243

National Institutes of Health (NIH) activities concerning nutrition research related to food composition databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Approximately 4% of the research expenditures for the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) is used to support nutrition research and training within NIH laboratories (intramural program) and in research institutions in the US and abroad (extramural program). In fiscal year (FY) 2000, the funding for NIH nutrition research and training was $694.9 million for 3150 projects. The research areas

Jean A. T. Pennington

2003-01-01

244

The Research of Embedded Linux and SQLite Database Application in the Intelligent Monitoring System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Lab Intelligent Monitoring System based on S3C2440 ARM microprocessor and embedded Linux has been designed to accomplish the remote monitoring of the parameters and video images of environment in the Laboratory. The embedded database SQLite manages the data collected by sensor networks. A system program based on Qt\\/Embedded and Linux drivers realizes the local management of environmental data. Build

Liu Yang; Heming Pang; Linying Jiang; Kun Yue

2010-01-01

245

Emission database for global atmospheric research (EDGAR): Version 2.0  

Microsoft Academic Search

To meet the urgent need of atmospheric chemistry and climate modellers a global emissions source database called EDGAR has been developed jointly by TNO and RIVM to estimate for 1990, on a regional and on a grid basis, annual emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O, CO, NOx, non-methane VOC, SOx), of NH3, and of ozone depleting compounds (halocarbons). The

J. G. J. Olivier; A. F. Bouwman; C. W. M. Van der Maas; J. J. M. Berdowski

1995-01-01

246

The inherited ataxias: genetic heterogeneity, mutation databases, and future directions in research and clinical diagnostics.  

PubMed

The inherited cerebellar ataxias are a diverse group of clinically and genetically heterogeneous neurodegenerative disorders. Inheritance patterns of these disorders can be complex with autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, X-linked, and mitochondrial inheritance demonstrated by one or more ataxic syndromes. The broad range of mutation types found in inherited ataxia contributes to the complex genetic etiology of these disorders. The majority of inherited ataxias are caused by repeat expansions; however, conventional mutations are important causes of the rarer dominant and recessive ataxias. Advances in sequencing technology have allowed for much broader testing of these rare ataxia genes. This is relevant to the aims of the Human Variome Project, which aims to collate and store gene variation data through mutation databases. Variant data is currently located in a range of public and commercial resources. Few locus-specific databases have been created to catalogue variation in the dominant ataxia genes although there are several databases for some recessive genes. Developing these resources will facilitate a better understanding of the complex genotype-phenotype relationships in these disorders and assist interpretation of gene variants as testing for rarer ataxia genes becomes commonplace. PMID:22689585

Hersheson, Joshua; Haworth, Andrea; Houlden, Henry

2012-07-02

247

The Phytophthora Genome Initiative Database: informatics and analysis for distributed pathogenomic research  

PubMed Central

The Phytophthora Genome Initiative (PGI) is a distributed collaboration to study the genome and evolution of a particularly destructive group of plant pathogenic oomycete, with the goal of understanding the mechanisms of infection and resistance. NCGR provides informatics support for the collaboration as well as a centralized data repository. In the pilot phase of the project, several investigators prepared Phytophthora infestans and Phytophthora sojae EST and Phytophthora sojae BAC libraries and sent them to another laboratory for sequencing. Data from sequencing reactions were transferred to NCGR for analysis and curation. An analysis pipeline transforms raw data by performing simple analyses (i.e., vector removal and similarity searching) that are stored and can be retrieved by investigators using a web browser. Here we describe the database and access tools, provide an overview of the data therein and outline future plans. This resource has provided a unique opportunity for the distributed, collaborative study of a genus from which relatively little sequence data are available. Results may lead to insight into how better to control these pathogens. The homepage of PGI can be accessed at http:www.ncgr.org/pgi , with database access through the database access hyperlink.

Waugh, Mark; Hraber, Peter; Weller, Jennifer; Wu, Yihe; Chen, Guonghong; Inman, Jeff; Kiphart, Don; Sobral, Bruno

2000-01-01

248

The phytophthora genome initiative database: informatics and analysis for distributed pathogenomic research.  

PubMed

The Phytophthora Genome Initiative (PGI) is a distributed collaboration to study the genome and evolution of a particularly destructive group of plant pathogenic oomycete, with the goal of understanding the mechanisms of infection and resistance. NCGR provides informatics support for the collaboration as well as a centralized data repository. In the pilot phase of the project, several investigators prepared Phytophthora infestans and Phytophthora sojae EST and Phytophthora sojae BAC libraries and sent them to another laboratory for sequencing. Data from sequencing reactions were transferred to NCGR for analysis and curation. An analysis pipeline transforms raw data by performing simple analyses (i.e., vector removal and similarity searching) that are stored and can be retrieved by investigators using a web browser. Here we describe the database and access tools, provide an overview of the data therein and outline future plans. This resource has provided a unique opportunity for the distributed, collaborative study of a genus from which relatively little sequence data are available. Results may lead to insight into how better to control these pathogens. The homepage of PGI can be accessed at http:www.ncgr.org/pgi, with database access through the database access hyperlink. PMID:10592189

Waugh, M; Hraber, P; Weller, J; Wu, Y; Chen, G; Inman, J; Kiphart, D; Sobral, B

2000-01-01

249

World Congress: the International Union of Forestry Research Organizations calls for action on pollution and tropical deforestation  

SciTech Connect

The XVIII IUFRO World Congress was held in Ljubljana, Yugoslavia Sept. 7-21, 1986. The purpose of the meeting was to provide a forum for exchange of information on all aspects of forestry research. The program was based on the structure of IUFRO's six main divisions. They are: forest environment and silviculture; forest plants and protection; forest operations and techniques; planning economics, growth and yield, management and policy; forest products; and general subjects. The considerations and recommendations of a declaration approved by the delegates are presented.

Whitmore, J.L.

1987-02-01

250

Event detection using population-based health care databases in randomized clinical trials: a novel research tool in interventional cardiology  

PubMed Central

Aim To describe a new research tool, designed to reflect routine clinical practice and relying on population-based health care databases to detect clinical events in randomized clinical trials. Background Randomized clinical trials often focus on short-term efficacy and safety in a controlled environment. Trial follow-up may be linked with study-related investigations and differ from routine clinical practice. Because treatment and control in randomized trials differ from daily practice, trial results may have reduced general applicability and may be of limited value in clinical decision-making. Further, it is economically very costly to conduct randomized clinical trials. Methods and results Population-based health care databases collect data continuously and prospectively, and make it possible to monitor lifelong outcomes of cardiac interventions in large numbers of patients. This strengthens external validity by eliminating the effects of study-related monitoring or diagnostic tests. Further, follow-up data can be obtained at low expense. Importantly, data sources encompassing a complete population are likely to reflect clinical practice. Because population-based health care databases collect data for quality-control and administrative purposes unrelated to scientific investigations, certain biases, such as nonresponse bias, recall bias, and bias from losses to follow-up, can be avoided. Conclusion Event detection using population-based health care databases is a new research tool in interventional cardiology that may allow large, low-cost, randomized clinical trials to reflect daily clinical practice, covering a broad range of patients and end points with complete lifelong follow-up.

Thuesen, Leif; Jensen, Lisette Okkels; Tilsted, Hans Henrik; Maeng, Michael; Terkelsen, Christian; Thayssen, Per; Ravkilde, Jan; Christiansen, Evald H?j; B?tker, Hans Erik; Madsen, Morten; Lassen, Jens F

2013-01-01

251

Women's & Gender Studies Journal Database  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Women's & Gender Studies Journal Database (WGSJD) at Rutgers University is a user-oriented, discipline-based database that provides quick access to journal titles available online. It is also a union list of journal titles, print and online, in the area of women's and gender studies at Rutgers University Libraries. The author describes this database and its value-added service in the

Kayo Denda

2002-01-01

252

Construction of a rice glycoside hydrolase phylogenomic database and identification of targets for biofuel research.  

PubMed

Glycoside hydrolases (GH) catalyze the hydrolysis of glycosidic bonds in cell wall polymers and can have major effects on cell wall architecture. Taking advantage of the massive datasets available in public databases, we have constructed a rice phylogenomic database of GHs (http://ricephylogenomics.ucdavis.edu/cellwalls/gh/). This database integrates multiple data types including the structural features, orthologous relationships, mutant availability, and gene expression patterns for each GH family in a phylogenomic context. The rice genome encodes 437 GH genes classified into 34 families. Based on pairwise comparison with eight dicot and four monocot genomes, we identified 138 GH genes that are highly diverged between monocots and dicots, 57 of which have diverged further in rice as compared with four monocot genomes scanned in this study. Chromosomal localization and expression analysis suggest a role for both whole-genome and localized gene duplications in expansion and diversification of GH families in rice. We examined the meta-profiles of expression patterns of GH genes in twenty different anatomical tissues of rice. Transcripts of 51 genes exhibit tissue or developmental stage-preferential expression, whereas, seventeen other genes preferentially accumulate in actively growing tissues. When queried in RiceNet, a probabilistic functional gene network that facilitates functional gene predictions, nine out of seventeen genes form a regulatory network with the well-characterized genes involved in biosynthesis of cell wall polymers including cellulose synthase and cellulose synthase-like genes of rice. Two-thirds of the GH genes in rice are up regulated in response to biotic and abiotic stress treatments indicating a role in stress adaptation. Our analyses identify potential GH targets for cell wall modification. PMID:23986771

Sharma, Rita; Cao, Peijian; Jung, Ki-Hong; Sharma, Manoj K; Ronald, Pamela C

2013-08-26

253

College Education and Attitudes Toward Unions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the hypothesis that labor unions have not grown in the white-collar sector due to biases projected by professors in classrooms. In the research using 437 undergraduate subjects, support was found for this hypothesis. (EK)

Muczyk, Jan P.; Gannon, Martin J.

1974-01-01

254

The American Ornithologists' Union  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Ornithologists' Union (AOU) was established in 1883, making it "the oldest and largest organization in the New World devoted to the scientific study of birds." Although primarily "a professional organization, its membership of about 4,000 includes many amateurs dedicated to the advancement of ornithological science." The AOU website contains information about membership, upcoming meetings, awards, a variety of publications, and more. The site also offers access to a comprehensive checklist for birds of North America; a preliminary classification of the bird species of South America; and online copies of the Ornithological Societies of North America's _Ornithological Newsletter_. Notably, the AOU site links to an online job board featuring a range of ornithological opportunities including tenure-track faculty positions, research assistantships, and internships.

255

HLungDB: an integrated database of human lung cancer research.  

PubMed

The human lung cancer database (HLungDB) is a database with the integration of the lung cancer-related genes, proteins and miRNAs together with the corresponding clinical information. The main purpose of this platform is to establish a network of lung cancer-related molecules and to facilitate the mechanistic study of lung carcinogenesis. The entries describing the relationships between molecules and human lung cancer in the current release were extracted manually from literatures. Currently, we have collected 2585 genes and 212 miRNA with the experimental evidences involved in the different stages of lung carcinogenesis through text mining. Furthermore, we have incorporated the results from analysis of transcription factor-binding motifs, the promoters and the SNP sites for each gene. Since epigenetic alterations also play an important role in lung carcinogenesis, genes with epigenetic regulation were also included. We hope HLungDB will enrich our knowledge about lung cancer biology and eventually lead to the development of novel therapeutic strategies. HLungDB can be freely accessed at http://www.megabionet.org/bio/hlung. PMID:19900972

Wang, Lishan; Xiong, Yuanyuan; Sun, Yihua; Fang, Zhaoyuan; Li, Li; Ji, Hongbin; Shi, Tieliu

2009-11-09

256

A clinical and research database management system for a geriatric nursing outreach program to rural elderly: purpose and general structure.  

PubMed Central

The need to systematically and comprehensively manage data to support nursing services asserts itself in all areas and contexts where nursing services are delivered to patients and families. While most applications have targeted inpatient nursing services, several systems to sustain ambulatory nursing care have been proposed as well. In this paper, we outline the purpose and general structure of a custom-designed computerized database management system to support the clinical, administrative, and research operations of a geriatric nursing outreach program in rural Virginia.

Currie, L. J.; Abraham, I. L.

1992-01-01

257

A database of examples  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes the construction of a database of examples of consumer involvement in research. It summarises the material on the accompanying database and discusses some of the problems of finding and classifying suitable examples. The database was commissioned to: map the field of consumer involvement in research, by recording both current and recent initiatives, and the individuals and groups

Paul Dixon; Edwina Peart; Roy Carr-Hill

1999-01-01

258

Microgravity Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The European Space Agencies (ESA) Microgravity Database "gives scientists access to information regarding all experiments carried out on ESA and NASA missions by European scientists since the 1960s." Users choose from a physical or life sciences query form, then can search by experiment and investigators, mission and facility, publications and source, and more. Results provide the mission name, data, payload, research subject, publication information, an abstract, and any other available facts or related links. A very intuitive and well designed database, visitors should appreciate its unique and extensive content.

2000-01-01

259

DEVELOPMENT AND APPLICATION OF A RESEARCH DATABASE FOR DRINKING WATER SYSTEMS EVALUATION  

EPA Science Inventory

The Computer Information System (CIS) that was developed by the Drinking Water Research Division gives fast, easy access to more than 521,000 records from nearly 20 past and current research projects. his data base management system can generate simple reports as well as perform ...

260

Game Scholar: Do we need a reference database for video game research?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given the growing influence of video games and the likelihood that video games will be the focus of an increasing amount of criticism and research, we suggest that a comprehensive information resource on the topic could be of significant value to the scholarly community. The Game Scholar prototype and research study are aimed at understanding whether there is in fact

Gary Geisler; Paul Stenis; Jesse Martinez; Allison King

2008-01-01

261

Secondary analysis of a marketing research database reveals patterns in dairy product purchases over time  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective Development of a method using marketing research data to assess food purchase behavior and consequent nutrient availability for purposes of nutrition surveillance, evaluation of intervention effects, and epidemiologic studies of diet-health relationships. Design Data collected on household food purchases accrued over a 13-week period were selected by using Universal Product Code numbers and household characteristics from a marketing research

Timothy W. van Wave; Michael Decker

2003-01-01

262

A research agenda for assessing the utility of document annotations in multimedia databases of meeting recordings  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recording, multimodal analysis and archiving of meetings introduce new challenges for research in multimedia information management. Meetings involve multiple media that can be aligned together. This requires a global annotation framework. In particular, meetings often deal with documents, either projected or discussed, which can be aligned with the audio and video streams. This article presents a research agenda for

Denis Lalanne; Stéphane Sire; Rolf Ingold; Ardhendu Behera; Dalila Mekhaldi; Didier von Rotz

2003-01-01

263

Scientific Numeric Databases.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Scientific numeric databases (SND) are powerful, relatively new research tools for the scientific and technical community. This paper illustrates their use by some practical examples, describes the attributes and capabilities of such databases and gives a...

G. H. Wood

1984-01-01

264

Automatic detection of lung nodules in computed tomography images: training and validation of algorithms using public research databases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Lung cancer is one of the main public health issues in developed countries. Lung cancer typically manifests itself as non-calcified pulmonary nodules that can be detected reading lung Computed Tomography (CT) images. To assist radiologists in reading images, researchers started, a decade ago, the development of Computer Aided Detection (CAD) methods capable of detecting lung nodules. In this work, a CAD composed of two CAD subprocedures is presented: , devoted to the identification of parenchymal nodules, and , devoted to the identification of the nodules attached to the pleura surface. Both CADs are an upgrade of two methods previously presented as Voxel Based Neural Approach CAD . The novelty of this paper consists in the massive training using the public research Lung International Database Consortium (LIDC) database and on the implementation of new features for classification with respect to the original VBNA method. Finally, the proposed CAD is blindly validated on the ANODE09 dataset. The result of the validation is a score of 0.393, which corresponds to the average sensitivity of the CAD computed at seven predefined false positive rates: 1/8, 1/4, 1/2, 1, 2, 4, and 8 FP/CT.

Camarlinghi, Niccolò

2013-09-01

265

Collaborative research between academia and industry using a large clinical trial database: a case study in Alzheimer's disease  

PubMed Central

Background Large clinical trials databases, developed over the course of a comprehensive clinical trial programme, represent an invaluable resource for clinical researchers. Data mining projects sponsored by industry that use these databases, however, are often not viewed favourably in the academic medical community because of concerns that commercial, rather than scientific, goals are the primary purpose of such endeavours. Thus, there are few examples of sustained collaboration between leading academic clinical researchers and industry professionals in a large-scale data mining project. We present here a successful example of this type of collaboration in the field of dementia. Methods The Donepezil Data Repository comprised 18 randomised, controlled trials conducted between 1991 and 2005. The project team at Pfizer determined that the data mining process should be guided by a diverse group of leading Alzheimer's disease clinical researchers called the "Expert Working Group." After development of a list of potential faculty members, invitations were extended and a group of seven members was assembled. The Working Group met regularly with Eisai/Pfizer clinicians and statisticians to discuss the data, identify issues that were currently of interest in the academic and clinical communities that might lend themselves to investigation using these data, and note gaps in understanding or knowledge of Alzheimer's disease that these data could address. Leadership was provided by the Pfizer Clinical Development team leader; Working Group members rotated responsibility for being lead and co-lead for each investigation and resultant publication. Results Six manuscripts, each published in a leading subspecialty journal, resulted from the group's work. Another project resulted in poster presentations at international congresses and two were cancelled due to resource constraints. Conclusions The experience represents a particular approach to optimising the value of data mining of large clinical trial databases for the combined purpose of furthering clinical research and improving patient care. Fruitful collaboration between industry and academia was fostered while the donepezil data repository was used to advance clinical and scientific knowledge. The Expert Working Group approach warrants consideration as a blueprint for conducting similar research ventures in the future.

2011-01-01

266

Searching biosignal databases by content and context: Research Oriented Integration System for ECG Signals (ROISES)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technological advances in textile, biosensor and electrocardiography domain induced the wide spread use of bio-signal acquisition devices leading to the generation of massive bio-signal datasets. Among the most popular bio-signals, electrocardiogram (ECG) possesses the longest tradition in bio-signal monitoring and recording, being a strong and relatively robust signal. As research resources are fostered, research community promotes the need to extract

Alexandra Kokkinaki; Ioanna Chouvarda; Nicos Maglaveras

267

Improving quality of breast cancer surgery through development of a national breast cancer surgical outcomes (BRCASO) research database  

PubMed Central

Background Common measures of surgical quality are 30-day morbidity and mortality, which poorly describe breast cancer surgical quality with extremely low morbidity and mortality rates. Several national quality programs have collected additional surgical quality measures; however, program participation is voluntary and results may not be generalizable to all surgeons. We developed the Breast Cancer Surgical Outcomes (BRCASO) database to capture meaningful breast cancer surgical quality measures among a non-voluntary sample, and study variation in these measures across providers, facilities, and health plans. This paper describes our study protocol, data collection methods, and summarizes the strengths and limitations of these data. Methods We included 4524 women ?18 years diagnosed with breast cancer between 2003-2008. All women with initial breast cancer surgery performed by a surgeon employed at the University of Vermont or three Cancer Research Network (CRN) health plans were eligible for inclusion. From the CRN institutions, we collected electronic administrative data including tumor registry information, Current Procedure Terminology codes for breast cancer surgeries, surgeons, surgical facilities, and patient demographics. We supplemented electronic data with medical record abstraction to collect additional pathology and surgery detail. All data were manually abstracted at the University of Vermont. Results The CRN institutions pre-filled 30% (22 out of 72) of elements using electronic data. The remaining elements, including detailed pathology margin status and breast and lymph node surgeries, required chart abstraction. The mean age was 61 years (range 20-98 years); 70% of women were diagnosed with invasive ductal carcinoma, 20% with ductal carcinoma in situ, and 10% with invasive lobular carcinoma. Conclusions The BRCASO database is one of the largest, multi-site research resources of meaningful breast cancer surgical quality data in the United States. Assembling data from electronic administrative databases and manual chart review balanced efficiency with high-quality, unbiased data collection. Using the BRCASO database, we will evaluate surgical quality measures including mastectomy rates, positive margin rates, and partial mastectomy re-excision rates among a diverse, non-voluntary population of patients, providers, and facilities.

2012-01-01

268

Union Loyalty and Strike Propensity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Predictors of the propensity of union members to strike were examined by administering questionnaires to a group of 44 unionized university technologists and technicians in Canada. After union tenure was statistically controlled, union loyalty predicted strike propensity and inter-role conflict moderated this effect: Specifically, the relationship between union loyalty and strike propensity was significantly higher when inter-role conflict was low.

Julian Barling; Clive Fullagar; E. Kevin Kelloway; Leanne McElvie

1992-01-01

269

Teacher Unions 101  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Teacher unions are hard to miss in the news lately. Newspapers, blogs, social media posts, magazine articles, and political speeches abound with talk of them. Teacher unions are a hot topic and one that probably was not covered in college classes. The noisy back-and-forth among partisans can be both mind-numbing and confusing, often creating a…

Koppich, Julia E.

2012-01-01

270

How do validated measures of functional outcome compare with commonly used outcomes in administrative database research for lumbar spinal surgery?  

PubMed

Clinical interpretation of health services research based on administrative databases is limited by the lack of patient-reported functional outcome measures. Reoperation, as a surrogate measure for poor outcome, may be biased by preferences of patients and surgeons and may even be planned a priori. Other available administrative data outcomes, such as postoperative cross sectional imaging (PCSI), may better reflect changes in functional outcome. The purpose was to determine if postoperative events captured from administrative databases, namely reoperation and PCSI, reflect outcomes as derived by validated functional outcome measures (short form 36 scores, Oswestry disability index) for patients who underwent discretionary surgery for specific degenerative conditions of the lumbar spine such as disc herniation, spinal stenosis, degenerative spondylolisthesis, and isthmic spondylolisthesis. After reviewing the records of all patients surgically treated for disc herniation, spinal stenosis, degenerative spondylolisthesis, and isthmic spondylolisthesis at our institution, we recorded the occurrence of PCSI (MRI or CT-myelograms) and reoperations, as well as demographic, surgical, and functional outcome data. We determined how early (within 6 months) and intermediate (within 18 months) term events (PCSI and reoperations) were associated with changes in intermediate (minimum 1 year) and late (minimum 2 years) term functional outcome, respectively. We further evaluated how early (6-12 months) and intermediate (12-24 months) term changes in functional outcome were associated with the subsequent occurrence of intermediate (12-24 months) and late (beyond 24 months) term adverse events, respectively. From 148 surgically treated patients, we found no significant relationship between the occurrence of PCSI or reoperation and subsequent changes in functional outcome at intermediate or late term. Similarly, earlier changes in functional outcome did not have any significant relationship with subsequent occurrences of adverse events at intermediate or late term. Although it may be tempting to consider administrative database outcome measures as proxies for poor functional outcome, we cannot conclude that a significant relationship exists between the occurrence of PCSI or reoperation and changes in functional outcome. PMID:19816717

Omoto, Daniel; Bederman, S Samuel; Yee, Albert J M; Kreder, Hans J; Finkelstein, Joel A

2009-10-09

271

The Institute for Genomic Research Osa1 Rice Genome Annotation Database1  

PubMed Central

We have developed a rice (Oryza sativa) genome annotation database (Osa1) that provides structural and functional annotation for this emerging model species. Using the sequence of O. sativa subsp. japonica cv Nipponbare from the International Rice Genome Sequencing Project, pseudomolecules, or virtual contigs, of the 12 rice chromosomes were constructed. Our most recent release, version 3, represents our third build of the pseudomolecules and is composed of 98% finished sequence. Genes were identified using a series of computational methods developed for Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) that were modified for use with the rice genome. In release 3 of our annotation, we identified 57,915 genes, of which 14,196 are related to transposable elements. Of these 43,719 nontransposable element-related genes, 18,545 (42.4%) were annotated with a putative function, 5,777 (13.2%) were annotated as encoding an expressed protein with no known function, and the remaining 19,397 (44.4%) were annotated as encoding a hypothetical protein. Multiple splice forms (5,873) were detected for 2,538 genes, resulting in a total of 61,250 gene models in the rice genome. We incorporated experimental evidence into 18,252 gene models to improve the quality of the structural annotation. A series of functional data types has been annotated for the rice genome that includes alignment with genetic markers, assignment of gene ontologies, identification of flanking sequence tags, alignment with homologs from related species, and syntenic mapping with other cereal species. All structural and functional annotation data are available through interactive search and display windows as well as through download of flat files. To integrate the data with other genome projects, the annotation data are available through a Distributed Annotation System and a Genome Browser. All data can be obtained through the project Web pages at http://rice.tigr.org.

Yuan, Qiaoping; Ouyang, Shu; Wang, Aihui; Zhu, Wei; Maiti, Rama; Lin, Haining; Hamilton, John; Haas, Brian; Sultana, Razvan; Cheung, Foo; Wortman, Jennifer; Buell, C. Robin

2005-01-01

272

Recycling rubber wastes. (Latest citations from the Rubber and Plastics Research Association database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning research and innovations in the recycling of rubber wastes. Recycling methods and equipment, applications of recycled rubber, and energy recovery systems and performance are among the topics discussed. Recycling methods compared and contrasted with various rubber waste disposal techniques are also included. (Contains a minimum of 96 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

NONE

1995-02-01

273

Recycling rubber wastes. (Latest citations from the rubber and plastics research association database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning research and innovations in the recycling of rubber wastes. Recycling methods and equipment, applications of recycled rubber, and energy recovery systems and performance are among the topics discussed. Recycling methods compared and contrasted with various rubber waste disposal techniques are also included. (Contains a minimum of 89 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1994-05-01

274

The Cerebral Blood Flow Biomedical Informatics Research Network (CBFBIRN) database and analysis pipeline for arterial spin labeling MRI data  

PubMed Central

Arterial spin labeling (ASL) is a magnetic resonance imaging technique that provides a non-invasive and quantitative measure of cerebral blood flow (CBF). After more than a decade of active research, ASL is now emerging as a robust and reliable CBF measurement technique with increased availability and ease of use. There is a growing number of research and clinical sites using ASL for neuroscience research and clinical care. In this paper, we present an online CBF Database and Analysis Pipeline, collectively called the Cerebral Blood Flow Biomedical Informatics Research Network (CBFBIRN) that allows researchers to upload and share ASL and clinical data. In addition to serving the role as a central data repository, the CBFBIRN provides a streamlined data processing infrastructure for CBF quantification and group analysis, which has the potential to accelerate the discovery of new scientific and clinical knowledge. All capabilities and features built into the CBFBIRN are accessed online using a web browser through a secure login. In this work, we begin with a general description of the CBFBIRN system data model and its architecture, then devote the remainder of the paper to the CBFBIRN capabilities. The latter part of our work is divided into two processing modules: (1) Data Upload and CBF Quantification Module; (2) Group Analysis Module that supports three types of analysis commonly used in neuroscience research. To date, the CBFBIRN hosts CBF maps and associated clinical data from more than 1,300 individual subjects. The data have been contributed by more than 20 different research studies, investigating the effect of various conditions on CBF including Alzheimer’s, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depression, traumatic brain injury, HIV, caffeine usage, and methamphetamine abuse. Several example results, generated by the CBFBIRN processing modules, are presented. We conclude with the lessons learned during implementation and deployment of the CBFBIRN and our experience in promoting data sharing.

Shin, David D.; Ozyurt, I. Burak; Liu, Thomas T.

2013-01-01

275

The Cerebral Blood Flow Biomedical Informatics Research Network (CBFBIRN) database and analysis pipeline for arterial spin labeling MRI data.  

PubMed

Arterial spin labeling (ASL) is a magnetic resonance imaging technique that provides a non-invasive and quantitative measure of cerebral blood flow (CBF). After more than a decade of active research, ASL is now emerging as a robust and reliable CBF measurement technique with increased availability and ease of use. There is a growing number of research and clinical sites using ASL for neuroscience research and clinical care. In this paper, we present an online CBF Database and Analysis Pipeline, collectively called the Cerebral Blood Flow Biomedical Informatics Research Network (CBFBIRN) that allows researchers to upload and share ASL and clinical data. In addition to serving the role as a central data repository, the CBFBIRN provides a streamlined data processing infrastructure for CBF quantification and group analysis, which has the potential to accelerate the discovery of new scientific and clinical knowledge. All capabilities and features built into the CBFBIRN are accessed online using a web browser through a secure login. In this work, we begin with a general description of the CBFBIRN system data model and its architecture, then devote the remainder of the paper to the CBFBIRN capabilities. The latter part of our work is divided into two processing modules: (1) Data Upload and CBF Quantification Module; (2) Group Analysis Module that supports three types of analysis commonly used in neuroscience research. To date, the CBFBIRN hosts CBF maps and associated clinical data from more than 1,300 individual subjects. The data have been contributed by more than 20 different research studies, investigating the effect of various conditions on CBF including Alzheimer's, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depression, traumatic brain injury, HIV, caffeine usage, and methamphetamine abuse. Several example results, generated by the CBFBIRN processing modules, are presented. We conclude with the lessons learned during implementation and deployment of the CBFBIRN and our experience in promoting data sharing. PMID:24151465

Shin, David D; Ozyurt, I Burak; Liu, Thomas T

2013-10-18

276

Economics Research in France: Tentative Conclusions Based on EconLit Database  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite France’s influential role in and significant impact on the development of economic thought in the past, it seems that no recent publication has assembled an up-to-date inventory of its internationally best known contemporary economists. The purpose of this study, therefore, is to produce an exploratory survey for 1998 of the scientific contributions of representative economics research groups in France

Jean MIRUCKI

1999-01-01

277

The development of a video database for language educational research projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The analysis of classroom observation data is seen as increasingly important in research on the impact of high?stakes language tests or new foreign?language programmes on students, teachers and other stakeholders. Video?recordings of language teaching and learning in classrooms impacted by such tests or programmes can provide revealing data, which, however, may be difficult to analyse in raw recorded form. The

Roger Hawkey; Sue Thompson; Richard Turner

2007-01-01

278

Recycling rubber wastes. (Latest citations from the Rubber and Plastics Research Association database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning research and innovations in the recycling of rubber wastes. Recycling methods and equipment, applications of recycled rubber, and energy recovery systems and performance are among the topics discussed. Recycling methods compared and contrasted with various rubber waste disposal techniques are also included. (Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.) (Copyright NERAC, Inc. 1995)

NONE

1996-04-01

279

Research in Post-Communist Hungary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines the current state of research in Hungary. Topics discussed include funding; access to bibliographic databases, adequate telephone service and electronic mail; money for library materials; support for conference attendance; language problems; and political barriers to information and technology from the West, the former Soviet Union, and…

Peck, Shirley S.

1992-01-01

280

Graduate student unions in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Graduate student unions have been attracting considerable academic and practitioner attention recently, especially since the\\u000a New York University decision in 2000. Given the declining fortunes of the union movement, it seems as if the academic sector\\u000a has the potential of becoming a vital new organizing frontier. However, there is scant research on this issue. We trace the\\u000a origins and evolution

Parbudyal Singh; Deborah M. Zinni; Anne F. MacLennan

2006-01-01

281

Introduction to Department of Defense Center for Prostate Disease Research Multicenter National Prostate Cancer Database, and analysis of changes in the PSA-era  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Center for Prostate Disease Research (CPDR) database was developed to standardize the clinical procedures for patients with carcinoma of the prostate (CaP), and support retrospective and prospective studies on CaP within the military health care system. METHODS: A set of clinical forms recording diagnosis, treatments, follow-up, and necropsy information for CaP management was developed. A relational database with about

Leon Sun; Kevin Gancarczyk; Edmond L Paquette; David G McLeod; Christopher Kane; Leo Kusuda; Raymond Lance; Judy Herring; John Foley; Dalton Baldwin; Jay T Bishoff; Douglas Soderdahl; Hongyu Wu; Linda Xu; Judd W Moul

2001-01-01

282

Evidence for substance abuse services and policy research: a systematic review of national databases.  

PubMed

We reviewed 39 national government- and nongovernment-sponsored data sets related to substance addiction policy. These data sets describe patients with substance use disorders (SUDs), treatment providers and the services they offer, and/or expenditures on treatment. Findings indicate the availability of reliable data on the prevalence of SUD and the characteristics of specialty treatment facilities, but meager data on financing and services. Gaps in information might be filled through agency collaboration to redesign, coordinate, and augment existing substance abuse and general health surveys. Despite noted gaps, these data sets represent an unusually rich set of resources for health services and policy research. PMID:19126788

Coffey, Rosanna M; Levit, Katharine R; Kassed, Cheryl A; McLellan, A Thomas; Chalk, Mady; Brady, Thomas M; Vandivort-Warren, Rita

2009-01-06

283

ORIGA(-light): an online retinal fundus image database for glaucoma analysis and research.  

PubMed

Retinal fundus image is an important modality to document the health of the retina and is widely used to diagnose ocular diseases such as glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy and age-related macular degeneration. However, the enormous amount of retinal data obtained nowadays mostly stored locally; and the valuable embedded clinical knowledge is not efficiently exploited. In this paper we present an online depository, ORIGA(-light), which aims to share clinical groundtruth retinal images with the public; provide open access for researchers to benchmark their computer-aided segmentation algorithms. An in-house image segmentation and grading tool is developed to facilitate the construction of ORIGA(-light). A quantified objective benchmarking method is proposed, focusing on optic disc and cup segmentation and Cup-to-Disc Ratio (CDR). Currently, ORIGA(-light) contains 650 retinal images annotated by trained professionals from Singapore Eye Research Institute. A wide collection of image signs, critical for glaucoma diagnosis, are annotated. We will update the system continuously with more clinical ground-truth images. ORIGA(-light) is available for online access upon request. PMID:21095735

Zhang, Zhuo; Yin, Feng Shou; Liu, Jiang; Wong, Wing Kee; Tan, Ngan Meng; Lee, Beng Hai; Cheng, Jun; Wong, Tien Yin

2010-01-01

284

Heart research advances using database search engines, human protein atlas and the sydney heart bank.  

PubMed

This Methodological Review is intended as a guide for research students who may have just discovered a human "novel" cardiac protein, but it may also help hard-pressed reviewers of journal submissions on a "novel" protein reported in an animal model of human heart failure. Whether you are an expert or not, you may know little or nothing about this particular protein of interest. In this review we provide a strategic guide on how to proceed. We ask: How do you discover what has been published (even in an abstract or research report) about this protein? Everyone knows how to undertake literature searches using PubMed and Medline but these are usually encyclopaedic, often producing long lists of papers, most of which are either irrelevant or only vaguely relevant to your query. Relatively few will be aware of more advanced search engines such as Google Scholar and even fewer will know about Quertle. Next, we provide a strategy for discovering if your "novel" protein is expressed in the normal, healthy human heart, and if it is, we show you how to investigate its subcellular location. This can usually be achieved by visiting the website "Human Protein Atlas" without doing a single experiment. Finally, we provide a pathway to discovering if your protein of interest changes its expression level with heart failure/disease or with ageing. PMID:23856366

Li, Amy; Estigoy, Colleen; Raftery, Mark; Cameron, Darryl; Odeberg, Jacob; Pontén, Fredrik; Lal, Sean; Dos Remedios, Cristobal G

2013-07-13

285

Pathway - Using a State-of-the-Art Digital Video Database for Research and Development in Teacher Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To demonstrate how state-of-the-art video databases can address issues related to the lack of preparation of many physics teachers, we have created the prototype Physics Teaching Web Advisory (Pathway). Pathway's Synthetic Interviews and related video materials are beginning to provide pre-service and out-of-field in-service teachers with much-needed professional development and well-prepared teachers with new perspectives on teaching physics. The prototype was limited to a demonstration of the systems. Now, with an additional grant we will extend the system and conduct research and evaluation on its effectiveness. This project will provide virtual expert help on issues of pedagogy and content. In particular, the system will convey, by example and explanation, contemporary ideas about the teaching of physics and applications of physics education research. The research effort will focus on the value of contemporary technology to address the continuing education of teachers who are teaching in a field in which they have not been trained.

Adrian, Brian; Zollman, Dean; Stevens, Scott

2006-02-01

286

Exposure to oral bisphosphonates and esophageal cancer risk: A UK General Practice Research Database cohort study  

PubMed Central

Context Oral bisphosphonate use has increased dramatically in the USA. Recent case reports have suggested a link between bisphosphonate use and esophageal cancer, but this is yet to be robustly investigated. Objective To investigate the association between bisphosphonate use and esophageal cancer. Design, setting and participants Data were extracted from the UK General Practice Research to compare the incidence of esophageal and gastric cancer in a cohort of patients treated with oral bisphosphonates between January 1996 and December 2006 to a control cohort not treated with these drugs. Cancers were identified from relevant Read\\OXMIS codes in the patient’s clinical files. Cox proportional hazards modelling was used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% CIs for esophageal and gastric cancer risk in bisphosphonate users compared to non bisphosphonate users, with adjustment for potential confounders. Main outcome measure The HR for the risk of esophageal and gastric cancer in the bisphosphonate users compared to the non bisphosphonate users. Results There were 41,826 members in each cohort; 81% female, mean (SD) age, 70.0 (11.4) years, excluding patients with under 6 months follow-up. 116 esophageal or gastric cancers (79 esophageal) occurred in the bisphosphonate cohort and 115 (72 esophageal) in the control cohort. Mean follow-up time was 4.5 and 4.4 years in the bisphosphonate and control cohorts, respectively. There was no difference in combined esophageal and gastric cancer risk between the cohorts for any bisphosphonate use; adjusted HR (95% CI), 0.96 (0.74, 1.25) or esophageal risk alone; adjusted HR (95% CI), 1.07 (0.77, 1.49). There was also no difference in esophageal or gastric cancer risk by level of bisphosphonate intake. Conclusion This large study does not provide evidence for an increased risk of esophageal (or gastric) cancer in persons using oral bisphosphonates.

Cardwell, Chris C; Abnet, Christian C; Cantwell, Marie M; Murray, Liam J

2012-01-01

287

Holocene = Anthropocene? The HYDE database for integrated global change research over the past 12,000 years  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

More and more studies of global (climate) change are focusing on the past. Hundreds and thousands of years of land use, driven by population growth have left their trace/mark on the Earth's surface. We are only at the beginning to understand the complex relationship of human induced disturbances of the global environment, and the consequences for future climate. It is therefore essential that we get a clear picture/understanding of past relationships between population growth, land use and climate. In order to facilitate climate modelers to examine these relationships, the HYDE database has been updated and extended. The update of HYDE described here (Klein Goldewijk et al. 2006; Klein Goldewijk et al. 2007) includes several improvements compared to its predecessor: (i) the HYDE 2 version used a Boolean approach with a 30 minute degree resolution, while HYDE 3 uses fractional land use on a 5 minute resolution; (ii) more and better sub-national (population) data (Klein Goldewijk, 2005) to improve the historical (urban and rural) population maps as a basis for allocation of land cover; (iii) implementation of different allocation algorithms with time-dependent weighting maps for cropland and grassland; (iv) the period covered has now been extended from the emergence of agriculture (10,000 B.C) to present time (2,000 A.D.), with different time intervals. Examples of (future) use of the database is to help test the 'Ruddiman hypothesis', who proposed a theory that mankind already altered the global atmosphere much earlier than the start of the Industrial Revolution in the early 18th century (Ruddiman, 2003), which put forward the research question whether we detect a pre- Industrial Revolution anthropogenic signal, and how strong is that signal? References Klein Goldewijk, K. A.F. Bouwman and G. van Drecht, 2007. Mapping current global cropland and grassland distributions on a 5 by 5 minute resolution, Journal of Land Use Science, Vol 2(3): 167-190. Klein Goldewijk, K. and G. van Drecht, 2006. HYDE 3: Current and historical population and land cover. MNP (2006) (Edited by A.F. Bouwman, T. Kram and K. Klein Goldewijk), Integrated modelling of global environmental change. An overview of IMAGE 2.4. Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (MNP), Bilthoven, The Netherlands Klein Goldewijk, K. 2005. Three centuries of global population growth: A spatial referenced population density database for 1700 - 2000, Population and Environment, 26 (5): 343-367. Ruddiman, WF, 2003. The anthropogenic greenhouse era bagan thousands of years ago, Climatic Change, 61(3), 261-293.

Klein Goldewijk, K.

2008-12-01

288

Developing an On-Line Astro101 Module to Mine a Research Database  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present an on-line module that helps introductory-level, non-science undergraduates extract information about neutron star binary star systems from X-ray light curves. The students interface directly with the High Energy Astrophysics Science Archive Research Center (HEASARC) data through CollegeHera. Hera is a new service offered by HEASARC that enables complete interactive analysis of archived data products (see the separate Lochner & Pence paper in this meeting). This multi-media education module is intended as a capstone activity in an introductory undergraduate Astronomy course for non-science majors. It can be used as a PC-based laboratory activity, or as a module in an on-line course. At the end of this project, the student should be able to: - Interpret the light curve of a binary star system in general - Produce an X-ray light curve from raw data collected by an X-ray satellite - Interpret the light curve he or she has produced for a particular binary system. This project guides students through a self-assessed series of activities, motivated by two real binary star systems, HT Cassiopeia and GX301-2. Learning tools include interactive-style multiple-choice questions, written answers, and an animation. The student is guided through Hera to access GX301-2 raw data from the NASA Rossi X-Ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) telescope, and compares his or her calculation of the period to the professional literature. A file of the assessment results can be electronically saved and submitted to the professor. A laptop with internet access will be available at a related poster (Howard & Hufnagel, in this meeting) for participants to explore the module. This module required extensive cooperation with the Hera team, and was based on a module developed by JCL. Irina Nelson, formerly of the Office of University Programs at GSFC, conceived the overall project. Support for this work was provided by the Southeast Regional Clearinghouse (SERCH) and the Maryland Space Grant Consortium

Hufnagel, B.; Lochner, J. C.; Howard, W. H., II

2004-05-01

289

Trade Union Education in Canada.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The provision of trade union education is a function of the structure of trade unionism which, in turn, is a function of the structure of collective bargaining. Trade union structure is taken to include size distribution, distribution of power, and objectives of trade unions. (Falmer Press, Falmer House, Barcombe, Nr Lewes, East Sussex BN8 5DL,…

Sullivan, T.

1982-01-01

290

Unions and Family Income Inequality  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effect of union wage gains of private-sector blue-collar workers on the size distribution of family incomes and the level of poverty in 1970 is examined in this paper. Collective bargaining wage gains are found to compress the distribution of income among union families. When union and nonunion families are combined, however, the union impact on measured inequality is negligible,

Michael Podgursky

1983-01-01

291

Re-conceptualizing voice in the non-union workplace  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present a conceptual analysis of the literature and research surrounding voice in the non-union workplace. The paper begins with a definitional discussion of non-unionism – what it is and what it is not, and then proceeds to unpick the concept of employee voice in the non-union workplace. The core of our analysis consists of a re-conceptualization

Tony Dundon; Paul J. Gollan

2007-01-01

292

Biological Biochemical Image Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Institute on Aging -- one of the National Institutes of Health -- provides the Biological Biochemical Image Database, "a searchable database of images of putative biological pathways, macromolecular structures, gene families, and cellular relationships." The database is intended for researchers "working with large sets of genes or proteins using cDNA arrays, functional genomics, or proteomics." The database may be searched by gene name, pathway, cell or tissue type, disease name, biological level, etc. Database users are invited to submit additional diagrams, suggestions, and comments The Web site also includes convenient lists of gene names and keywords, as well as links to biological/ biochemical pathway Web resources.

293

Use of the General Practice Research Database (GPRD) for respiratory epidemiology: a comparison with the 4th Morbidity Survey in General Practice (MSGP4)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background—The General Practice Re- search Database (GPRD) covers over 6% of the population of England and Wales and holds data on diagnoses and prescrib- ing from 1987 onwards. Most previous studies using the GPRD have concen- trated on drug use and safety. A study was undertaken to assess the validity of using the GPRD for epidemiological research into respiratory diseases.

Anna Hansell; Jen Hollowell; Tom Nichols; Rosie McNiece; David Strachan

294

Providing Database Services in a Nationwide Research Organisation--Coexistence of Traditional Information Services and a Modern CD-ROM/Online Hybrid Solution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the past two decades the central Information Retrieval Services of the Max Planck Society has been providing database searches for scientists in Max Planck Institutes and Research Groups throughout Germany. As a supplement to traditional search services offered by professional intermediaries, they have recently fostered the introduction of a…

Bowman, Benjamin F.

295

Providing Database Services in a Nationwide Research Organisation--Coexistence of Traditional Information Services and a Modern CD-ROM/Online Hybrid Solution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For the past two decades the central Information Retrieval Services of the Max Planck Society has been providing database searches for scientists in Max Planck Institutes and Research Groups throughout Germany. As a supplement to traditional search services offered by professional intermediaries, they have recently fostered the introduction of a…

Bowman, Benjamin F.

296

Research and Design of Mine Electromechanical Equipment Maintenance Management System Based on ASP.NET 2.0 Technology and Database Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

After researching deeply on mine electromechanical equipment maintenance management, this paper has developed mine electromechanical equipment maintenance management system based on ASP.NET 2.0 technology and database technology. This system includes the information related to maintenance such as device information, repair project information, fitting information, course review information, report information and personnel information and so on. And the functions that this

Cui Lizhi; Gao Qinghua; Wang Shaohua; Yu Fashan

2010-01-01

297

The methodological quality of aphasia therapy research: An investigation of group studies using the PsycBITE evidence?based practice database  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: This paper examines the methodological quality of aphasia therapy research using the Psychological database for Brain Impairment Treatment Efficacy (www.psycbite.com). PsycBITE includes five designs: Systematic Reviews (SR), Randomised Controlled Trials (RCT), non?RCTs (NRCT), Case Series (CS), and Single Subject Designs (SSD).Aim: To provide an overview of the types of research designs and levels of compliance used in aphasia treatment

Leanne Togher; Regina Schultz; Robyn Tate; Skye McDonald; Michael Perdices; Kate Smith; Kiri Winders; Sharon Savage

2009-01-01

298

Use of the General Practice Research Database (GPRD) for respiratory epidemiology: a comparison with the 4th Morbidity Survey in General Practice (MSGP4)  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUNDThe General Practice Research Database (GPRD) covers over 6% of the population of England and Wales and holds data on diagnoses and prescribing from 1987 onwards. Most previous studies using the GPRD have concentrated on drug use and safety. A study was undertaken to assess the validity of using the GPRD for epidemiological research into respiratory diseases.METHODSAge-specific and sex-specific rates

Anna Hansell; Jen Hollowell; Tom Nichols; Rosie McNiece; David Strachan

1999-01-01

299

Computer networks for financial activity management, control and statistics of databases of economic administration at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Modern information technologies urge natural sciences to further development. But it comes together with evaluation of infrastructures, to spotlight favorable conditions for the development of science and financial base in order to prove and protect legally new research. Any scientific development entails accounting and legal protection. In the report, we consider a new direction in software, organization and control of common databases on the example of the electronic document handling, which functions in some departments of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research.

Tyupikova, T. V.; Samoilov, V. N.

2003-04-01

300

Assisting science in the Former Soviet Union  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The turmoil and economic hardships in the former Soviet Union have not bypassed its scientific community. Governments and scientists around the world bemoan the collapse of the Soviet science infrastructure and the potential loss of Soviet weapons scientists to untrustworthy nations. In joint research collaborations, many see both the chance to assist science in the former Soviet Union and a wellspring of potentially commercial technology.The biggest effort to date is a joint agreement among Russia, the European Community, Japan, and the United States to set up an International Science and Technology Center in Moscow. The center will act as a clearinghouse for proposals from the former Soviet Union to fund research for former weapons scientists. The member nations could support proposals either singularly or jointly. Although all the details have yet to be worked out, the United States has pledged $25 million to this effort so far.

Leath, Audrey T.

301

The Evolution of Research and Information Services at the American Federation of Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Provides a history of the American Federation of Teachers (AFT) union and its information services and research functions. Examines the research department and the influence of technology, shifting from collecting information to using information from the Internet and online databases that has made access easier. Analyzes information services…

Nelson, F. Howard; Bailey, Bernadette

2002-01-01

302

U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service Mahantango Creek Watershed, Pennsylvania, United States: Long-term stream discharge database  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A long-term streamflow discharge database has been developed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Pasture Systems and Watershed Management Research Unit to support intensive hydrologic and water quality research within WE-38, a 7.3 km2 experimental subwatershed of Mahantango Creek Watershed located in east central Pennsylvania and draining to the Susquehanna River. Daily streamflow discharge data were collected at the outflow of WE-38 from 1968 to 2007, producing a 40 year record of streamflow. Data are available on USDA ARS's Sustaining the Earth's Watersheds—Agricultural Research Data System (STEWARDS) Web site.

Buda, Anthony R.; Feyereisen, Gary W.; Veith, Tamie L.; Folmar, Gordon J.; Bryant, Ray B.; Church, Clinton D.; Schmidt, John P.; Dell, Curtis J.; Kleinman, Peter J. A.

2011-08-01

303

Curated databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Curated databases are databases that are populated and updated with a great deal of human effort. Most reference works that one traditionally found on the reference shelves of libraries -- dictionaries, encyclopedias, gazetteers etc. -- are now curated databases. Since it is now easy to publish databases on the web, there has been an explosion in the number of new

Peter Buneman; James Cheney; Wang-Chiew Tan; Stijn Vansummeren

2008-01-01

304

Buffmap Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Institut National de Recherche Agronomique (France) provides online databases of genomes for several organisms, including Buffalo. The database is updated as more data become available, and provide records on loci, genes, microsatellites, polymorphisms, probes, enzymes, homologue loci, alleles, primers, references, and links to external databases. Instructions for submitting data to the databases are provided on-site.

305

Unions in the National Guard: A National Consolidation, Yes/No.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this strategic research project is to present information on the proposed consolidation of 38 states technician unions into one national union under a single collective bargaining agreement, negotiated with the Department of Defense/Nationa...

T. R. Ragland

1999-01-01

306

Nanotechnology Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored by the National Science Foundation and housed at the Loyola College in Maryland's International Technology Research Institute the Nanotechnology Database is a source of online information on major research centers, funding agencies, major reports, and books dealing with nanotechnology. The resources listed here are carefully selected and reviewed. The site is expected to grow with the continued support and updates from organizations and individuals in the field of nanotechnology. The list of resources is divided into the following categories: Academic, Industry, Government Laboratories, Government Agencies, Professional Societies, Non-Profit Organizations, Books, Periodicals, Reports, and Conferences. Each listing provides a brief summary (taken from that Website) and hyperlink to the resource (note: the book list links mostly take users to online booksellers). A submission form allows users to add a relevant organization or publication.

2001-01-01

307

Unionism and American Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Organized labor in the United States has been divided in the types of economic solutions it has sought for the working class and in the type of support it has given education. In terms of education, rightwing unionism has tended to accept the basic structure of American education and the general ideology of equality of opportunity. Leftwing…

Spring, Joel

308

Marketing the College Union.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Theory underlying marketing in the public sector is presented in combination with specific examples of marketing strategies and techniques used in college unions and student activities programs across the country. The subject of marketing is discussed under six major subject headings: (1) why marketing? (2) analyzing marketing opportunities; (3)…

Hoef, Ted; Howe, Nanci

309

Students and Unions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyzes the nature of the student activity in this century and analyzes or predicts the character this activity might take. Four patterns of student activity are reviewed: (1) student union pattern, (2) the special interest group/confrontation pattern, (3) the neo-governmental pattern, and (4) the independence pattern. Emphasis is…

Bucklew, Neil S.

310

Risk of Death and Cardiovascular Outcomes with Thiazolidinediones: A Study with the General Practice Research Database and Secondary Care Data  

PubMed Central

Objective To describe the likely extent of confounding in evaluating the risks of cardiovascular (CV) events and mortality in patients using diabetes medication. Methods The General Practice Research Database was used to identify inception cohorts of insulin and different oral antidiabetics. An analysis of bias and incidence of mortality, acute coronary syndrome, stroke and heart failure were analysed in GPRD, Hospital Episode Statistics and death certificates. Results 206,940 patients were identified. The bias analysis showed that past thiazolidinedione users had a lower mortality risk compared to past metformin users. There were no differences between past users of rosiglitazone and pioglitazone (adjusted RR of 1.04; 95% CI 0.93–1.18). Current rosiglitazone users had an increased risk of death (adjusted RR 1.20; 95% CI 1.08–1.34) and of hospitalisation for heart failure (adjusted RR of 1.73; 95% CI 1.19–2.51) compared to current pioglitazone users. Risk of mortality was increased two-fold shortly after starting rosiglitazone. Excess risk of death over 3 years with rosiglitazone was 0.3 per 100 in those aged 50–64 years, 2.0 aged 65–74, 3.0 aged 75–84, and 7.0 aged 85+. The cause of death with rosiglitazone was more likely to be due to a disease of the circulatory system. Conclusions Higher risks for death (overall and due to cardiovascular disease) and heart failure were found for rosiglitazone compared to pioglitazone. These excess risks were largest in patients aged 65 years or older. The European regulatory decision to suspend rosiglitazone is supported by this study.

Gallagher, Arlene M.; Smeeth, Liam; Seabroke, Suzie; Leufkens, Hubert G. M.; van Staa, Tjeerd P.

2011-01-01

311

The incidence of eating disorders in the UK in 2000-2009: findings from the General Practice Research Database  

PubMed Central

Objectives Few studies have investigated the incidence of eating disorders (EDs). Important questions about changes in the incidence of diagnosed disorders in recent years, disorder and gender-specific onset and case detection remain unanswered. Understanding changes in incidence is important for public health, clinical practice and service provision. The aim of this study was to estimate the annual (age-specific, gender-specific and subtype-specific) incidence of diagnosed ED: anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN) and eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS) in primary care over a 10-year period in the UK (2000–2009); to examine the changes within the study period; and to describe peak age at diagnosis. Design Register-based study. Setting Primary care. Data were obtained from a primary care register, the General Practice Research Database, which contains anonymised records representing about 5% of the UK population. Participants All patients with a first-time diagnosis of AN, BN and EDNOS were identified. Primary outcome Annual crude and age-standardised incidence rates were calculated. Results A total of 9072 patients with a first-time diagnosis of an ED were identified. The age-standardised annual incidence rate of all diagnosed ED for ages 10–49 increased from 32.3 (95% CI 31.7 to 32.9) to 37.2 (95% CI 36.6 to 37.9) per 100?000 between 2000 and 2009. The incidence of AN and BN was stable; however, the incidence of EDNOS increased. The incidence of the diagnosed ED was highest for girls aged 15–19 and for boys aged 10–14. Conclusions The age-standardised incidence of ED increased in primary care between 2000 and 2009. New diagnoses of EDNOS increased, and EDNOS is the most common ED in primary care.

Micali, Nadia; Hagberg, Katrina W; Petersen, Irene; Treasure, Janet L

2013-01-01

312

Clinical risk assessment of organ manifestations in systemic sclerosis: a report from the EULAR Scleroderma Trials And Research group database  

PubMed Central

Background Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a multisystem autoimmune disease, which is classified into a diffuse cutaneous (dcSSc) and a limited cutaneous (lcSSc) subset according to the skin involvement. In order to better understand the vascular, immunological and fibrotic processes of SSc and to guide its treatment, the EULAR Scleroderma Trials And Research (EUSTAR) group was formed in June 2004. Aims and methods EUSTAR collects prospectively the Minimal Essential Data Set (MEDS) on all sequential patients fulfilling the American College of Rheumatology diagnostic criteria in participating centres. We aimed to characterise demographic, clinical and laboratory characteristics of disease presentation in SSc and analysed EUSTAR baseline visits. Results In April 2006, a total of 3656 patients (1349 with dcSSc and 2101 with lcSSc) were enrolled in 102 centres and 30 countries. 1330 individuals had autoantibodies against Scl70 and 1106 against anticentromere antibodies. 87% of patients were women. On multivariate analysis, scleroderma subsets (dcSSc vs lcSSc), antibody status and age at onset of Raynaud's phenomenon, but not gender, were found to be independently associated with the prevalence of organ manifestations. Autoantibody status in this analysis was more closely associated with clinical manifestations than were SSc subsets. Conclusion dcSSc and lcSSc subsets are associated with particular organ manifestations, but in this analysis the clinical distinction seemed to be superseded by an antibody?based classification in predicting some scleroderma complications. The EUSTAR MEDS database facilitates the analysis of clinical patterns in SSc, and contributes to the standardised assessment and monitoring of SSc internationally.

Walker, U A; Tyndall, A; Czirjak, L; Denton, C; Farge-Bancel, D; Kowal-Bielecka, O; Muller-Ladner, U; Bocelli-Tyndall, C; Matucci-Cerinic, M

2007-01-01

313

Teacher Unions and Parent Involvement. EPI Series on Teacher Unions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This booklet, part of the Education Policy Institute series about teacher union issues, clarifies the concept of parent involvement in educational reform, analyzing the treatment of parents in collective bargaining contracts between teacher unions and school boards and in union policy resolutions. Chapter 1 introduces the issue, offering an…

Haar, Charlene K.

314

The Construction of Professional Unionism by Teacher Union Leaders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Teacher unions are increasingly perceived as principal stakeholders in determining the overall effectiveness of school systems. This paper presents findings of a study that explored how teacher union leaders construct meaning about teachers' self-interests and education interests. Data were collected through interviews with 18 teacher union

Poole, Wendy L.

315

Rainfall Simulation Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The British Geomorphological Research Group maintains this rainfall simulation database site. The database includes information about rainfall simulators, as well as their set-up and use. Currently, the database is divided into laboratory, field, and dual-purpose (lab and field) rainfall simulators. For each simulator in the database, users will find information on: "Simulator identification; Contact information; Specification of simulator; performance of simulator; Table of intensities and rainfall characteristics; Costs; Summary of research conducted using the simulator; Publications; and Additional comments." A section on simulation calibration is planned, and a form is provided for those wishing to contribute simulators to the database. A lengthy selection of related references adds to the utility of the database.

316

The role of the psychologist in labor unions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The arguments presented in this paper indicate that psychology has very much to offer trade unions in terms of specific skilled services. Unions, in turn, inasmuch as they contain a population of individuals upon whom relatively meagre research has been inaugurated, can contribute important empirical findings to the existing body of psychological knowledge. Each in its own constituted uniqueness has

Peter Dubno

1957-01-01

317

The Development of Trade Unionism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces the growth and evolution of the British labor union movement, troubles between the national officials and the local shop stewards, class differences and conflict between the artisans and laborers, violence between unions, and eventual transition to peaceful constitutionalism. (MF)

Parker, Ronald W.

1979-01-01

318

Unions and Labor Market Segmentation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report studies the relationship among unionism, labor market segmentation and dual labor markets. To determine whether unions help lead to primary or protected markets, an inter-industry econometric study a case study of the San Francisco longshoreme...

L. M. Kahn

1975-01-01

319

POW/MIA Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

POW/MIA Database. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.: This database assists researchers investigating the U.S. government documents pertaining to U.S. military personnel killed, missing, or imprisoned in Southeast Asia during or after the American involvement in the Vietnam Conflict. The database is searchable by last name, country name, service branch, or keywords, and copies of desired documents may be obtained from the Library of Congress.

320

Harmonized histories: manual for the preparation of comparative fertility and union histories  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document describes the standardization process of the Harmonized Histories. The Harmonized Histories is a comparative database of rich reproductive and union histories from surveys conducted in a number of countries in Europe. Given that birth and union data has been collected in a number of ways in different surveys, it has been very difficult to conduct cross-national analyses of

Brienna Perelli-Harris; Michaela Kreyenfeld; Karolin Kubisch

2010-01-01

321

Union Egalitarianism as Income Insurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is a common observation that unions often try to compress the wage distribution among their members as compared with the productivity distribution. A troublesome aspect of standard theories of redistributive unions is the question why high-productivity workers choose to enter the union in the first place. This paper develops and explores the implications of an alternative insurance rationale for

Jonas Agell; Kjell Erik Lommerud

1992-01-01

322

Trade Unions and Financial Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the relationship between trade unions and financial performance using British establishment-level data. The authors estimate the average overall impact of manual union recognition in 1990 to be roughly half what it was in 1984. They report results suggesting that in 1990 unionized establishments have lower financial performance only where there are closed shop arrangements and the establishments

Stephen Machin; Mark Stewart

1996-01-01

323

English in the Union Hall.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A course developed by a college in conjunction with a major union focused entirely on English as a means of becoming more active in the union, understanding the collective bargaining agreement, and defending union member rights. Program development, material development, and teaching methods are discussed. (MSE)|

Trebble, Maggi; Wallace, David

1982-01-01

324

Unions, Firing Costs and Unemployment  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we conduct an analysis of the effects of firing costs in models that consider simultaneously worker heterogeneity, imperfect information on their productivity and union power. We consider an OLG model where heterogeneous workers participate in the labour market both when young and old. Each generation of workers is represented by its own union. Unions set wages unilaterally

Leonor Modesto

2004-01-01

325

The Soviet Union: commercial and technical information sources  

Microsoft Academic Search

An outline of the changes in the Soviet foreign trade structure is followed by an introduction to the main Russian and English-language sources of commercial and technical information relating to the Soviet Union. These include guides, national economic plans, newspapers, journals, updating services, trade statistics, reports, patents and standards, online databases and organisations.

Tania Konn

1988-01-01

326

Occupational exposure to carcinogens in the European Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVESTo construct a computer assisted information system for the estimation of the numbers of workers exposed to established and suspected human carcinogens in the member states of the European Union (EU).METHODSA database called CAREX (carcinogen exposure) was designed to provide selected exposure data and documented estimates of the number of workers exposed to carcinogens by country, carcinogen, and industry. CAREX

Timo Kauppinen; Jouni Toikkanen; David Pedersen; Randy Young; Wolfgang Ahrens; Paolo Boffetta; Johnni Hansen; Hans Kromhout; Jeronimo Maqueda Blasco; Dario Mirabelli; Victoria de la Orden-Rivera; Brian Pannett; Nils Plato; Anja Savela; Raymond Vincent; Manolis Kogevinas

2000-01-01

327

An analysis of employee voting behavior in multi-union certification elections among unaffiliated unions.  

PubMed

Unions experience higher success rates in multi-union certification elections than in single-union elections. In multi-union elections, unions have the highest victory rate when the two unions competing against each other are unaffiliated unions. The outcomes of the multi-union election process involving unaffiliated unions are examined with respect to election type and type of competition among unions. PMID:11065311

Devinatz, V G

2000-10-01

328

Visual Palaeomagnetic Database  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Global Palaeomagnetic Database (GPMDB) created and developed by McElhinny and Lock (1991, 1996) is used by researchers all over the world. The user-friendly interface makes it unnecessary for users to learn about details of the Microsoft Access software. The next step in the development of these databases lies in the visualisation of data and in the integration of the

S. Pisarevsky

2002-01-01

329

Multivariate analysis of unionized employees’ propensity to cross their union’s picket line  

Microsoft Academic Search

Unionized employees who were surveyed concerning a hypothetical strike scenario were asked whether they would cross their\\u000a union’s picket line during an authorized economic strike. Potential crossovers differed from potential continuing strikers\\u000a in their support for union representation and in their attitudes about striking and picketing. Compared to potential continuing\\u000a strikers, potential crossovers made a lower hourly wage, were more

Michael H. LeRoy

1992-01-01

330

Angiotensin receptor blockers and risk of cancer: cohort study among people receiving antihypertensive drugs in UK General Practice Research Database  

PubMed Central

Objectives To investigate whether there is an association between use of angiotensin receptor blockers and risk of cancer. Design Cohort study of risk of cancer in people treated with angiotensin receptor blockers compared with angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. Effects were explored with time updated covariates in Cox models adjusted for age, sex, body mass index (BMI), diabetes and metformin/insulin use, hypertension, heart failure, statin use, socioeconomic status, alcohol, smoking, and calendar year. Absolute changes in risk were predicted from a Poisson model incorporating the strongest determinants of risk from the main analysis. Setting UK primary care practices contributing to the General Practice Research Database. Participants 377?649 new users of angiotensin receptor blockers or ACE inhibitors with at least one year of initial treatment. Main outcome measures Adjusted hazard ratios for all cancer and major site specific cancers (breast, lung, colon, prostate) by exposure to angiotensin receptor blockers and by cumulative duration of use. Results Follow-up ended a median of 4.6 years after the start of treatment; 20?203 cancers were observed. There was no evidence of any increase in overall risk of cancer among those ever exposed to angiotensin receptor blockers (adjusted hazard ratio 1.03, 95% confidence interval 0.99 to 1.06, P=0.10). For specific cancers, there was some evidence of an increased risk of breast and prostate cancer (1.11, 1.01 to 1.21, P=0.02; and 1.10, 1.00 to 1.20, P=0.04; respectively), which in absolute terms corresponded to an estimated 0.5 and 1.1 extra cases, respectively, per 1000 person years of follow-up among those with the highest baseline risk. Longer duration of treatment did not seem to be associated with higher risk (P>0.15 in each case). There was a decreased risk of lung cancer (0.84, 0.75 to 0.94), but no effect on colon cancer (1.02, 0.91 to 1.16). Conclusions Use of angiotensin receptor blockers was not associated with an increased risk of cancer overall. Observed increased risks for breast and prostate cancer were small in absolute terms, and the lack of association with duration of treatment meant that non-causal explanations could not be excluded.

2012-01-01

331

Unions and wage inequality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary and Conclusions  The impact of unions on the structure of wages has recently attracted renewed interest as analysts have struggled to explain\\u000a the rise in earnings inequality in several industrialized countries. Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States provide\\u000a a potentially valuable set of countries for examining this question. All three countries now collect comparable data on wages\\u000a and

David Card; Thomas Lemieux; W. Craig Riddell

2004-01-01

332

Guillain-Barré Syndrome and Preceding Infection with Campylobacter, Influenza and Epstein-Barr Virus in the General Practice Research Database  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundA number of infectious agents have previously been suggested as risk factors for the development of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), but robust epidemiologic evidence for these associations is lacking.Methods and FindingsWe conducted a nested case-control study using data from the United Kingdom General Practice Research Database between 1991 and 2001. Controls were matched to cases on general practice clinic, sex, year

Clarence C. Tam; Sarah J. O'Brien; Irene Petersen; Amir Islam; Andrew Hayward; Laura C. Rodrigues; Joel Montgomery

2007-01-01

333

Panic disorder and risk of new onset coronary heart disease, acute myocardial infarction, and cardiac mortality: cohort study using the general practice research database  

Microsoft Academic Search

To determine the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), acute myocardial infarction (MI), and CHD-related mortality in patients with panic attacks\\/disorder. Methods and results We conducted a cohort study using 650 practices in the 'General Practice Research Database'. We selected all 57 615 adults diagnosed with panic attacks\\/disorder and a random sample of 347 039 unexposed, frequency matched for sex\\/age,

Kate Walters; Greta Rait; Irene Petersen; Rachael Williams; Irwin Nazareth

334

A case-control study of autism and mumps-measles-rubella vaccination using the general practice research database: design and methodology  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: An association between mumps-measles-rubella (MMR) vaccination and the onset of symptoms typical of autism has recently been suggested. This has led to considerable concern about the safety of the vaccine. METHODS: A matched case-control study using data derived form the United Kingdom General Practice Research Database. Children with a possible diagnosis of autism will be identified from their electronic

Liam Smeeth; Andrew J Hall; Eric Fombonne; Laura C Rodrigues; Xiangning Huang; Peter G Smith

2001-01-01

335

Database Administrator  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Internet and electronic commerce (e-commerce) generate lots of data. Data must be stored, organized, and managed. Database administrators, or DBAs, work with database software to find ways to do this. They identify user needs, set up computer databases, and test systems. They ensure that systems perform as they should and add people to the…

Moore, Pam

2010-01-01

336

A plant resource and experiment management system based on the Golm Plant Database as a basic tool for omics research  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: For omics experiments, detailed characterisation of experimental material with respect to its genetic features, its cultivation history and its treatment history is a requirement for analyses by bioinformatics tools and for publication needs. Furthermore, meta-analysis of several experiments in systems biology based approaches make it necessary to store this information in a standardised manner, preferentially in relational databases. In

Karin I Köhl; Georg Basler; Alexander Lüdemann; Joachim Selbig; Dirk Walther

2008-01-01

337

TREATABILITY DATABASE DESCRIPTION  

EPA Science Inventory

The Drinking Water Treatability Database (TDB) presents referenced information on the control of contaminants in drinking water. It allows drinking water utilities, first responders to spills or emergencies, treatment process designers, research organizations, academics, regulato...

338

Fire Ecology Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Tall Timbers Research Station, a research and conservation organization located in Tallahassee, Florida, has recently made available this searchable Fire Ecology Database. International in scope, the database covers a broad range of fire-related information with emphasis on North America, in particular, the southeastern US. Updated continuously, the Fire Ecology Database currently includes citations for nearly 12,000 "references to books, chapters within books, journal articles, conferences and conference papers, state and federal documents," and abstracts. Users may search the database by author, keywords, periodical, year, or title. Typical returns include full citations of related articles. A 40-page downloadable thesaurus accompanies the database and may also be used to assist in keyword searches.

339

ECOTOX Database System  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) provides this database of chemical toxicity. Three individual EPA databases are combined to provide information on chemical-specific toxicity values for aquatic and terrestrial plants and animals. Users can search for research reports by chemical name, species name, or environmental effect. The site has informative help files and browse features. This Web site is useful for evaluating industrial chemicals or for environmental assessment research.

2008-09-02

340

ECOTOX Database System  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) provides this database of chemical toxicity. Three individual EPA databases are combined to provide information on chemical-specific toxicity values for aquatic and terrestrial plants and animals. Users can search for research reports by chemical name, species name, or environmental effect. The site has informative help files and browse features. This Web site is useful for evaluating industrial chemicals or for environmental assessment research.

2000-01-01

341

The management of voice in non-union organisations: managers’ perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Given the emergence of new legal initiatives for union recognition, declining levels of union membership and the growth of alternative forms of employee representation, this paper aims to examine the management of employee voice in non-union firms. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The research adopts a case study approach in seven non-union organisations from different sectors of economic activity in the

Tony Dundon; Adrian Wilkinson; Mick Marchington; Peter Ackers

2005-01-01

342

FORT UNION DEEP  

SciTech Connect

Coalbed methane (CBM) is currently the hottest area of energy development in the Rocky Mountain area. The Powder River Basin (PRB) is the largest CBM area in Wyoming and has attracted the majority of the attention because of its high permeability and relatively shallow depth. Other Wyoming coal regions are also being targeted for development, but most of these areas have lower permeability and deeper coal seams. This project consists of the development of a CBM stimulation system for deep coal resources and involves three work areas: (1) Well Placement, (2) Well Stimulation, and (3) Production Monitoring and Evaluation. The focus of this project is the Washakie Basin. Timberline Energy, Inc., the cosponsor, has a project area in southern Carbon County, Wyoming, and northern Moffat County, Colorado. The target coal is found near the top of the lower Fort Union formation. The well for this project, Evans No.1, was drilled to a depth of 2,700 ft. Three coal seams were encountered with sandstone and some interbedded shale between seams. Well logs indicated that the coal seams and the sandstone contained gas. For the testing, the upper seam at 2,000 ft was selected. The well, drilled and completed for this project, produced very little water and only occasional burps of methane. To enhance the well, a mild severity fracture was conducted to fracture the coal seam and not the adjacent sandstone. Fracturing data indicated a fracture half-length of 34 ft, a coal permeability of 0.2226 md, and permeability of 15.3 md. Following fracturing, the gas production rate stabilized at 10 Mscf/day within water production of 18 bpd. The Western Research Institute (WRI) CBM model was used to design a 14-day stimulation cycle followed by a 30-day production period. A maximum injection pressure of 1,200 psig to remain well below the fracture pressure was selected. Model predictions were 20 Mscf/day of air injection for 14 days, a one-day shut-in, then flowback. The predicted flowback was a four-fold increase over the prestimulation rate with production essentially returning to prestimulation rates after 30 days. The physical stimulation was conducted over a 14-day period. Problems with the stimulation injection resulted in a coal bed fire that was quickly quenched when production was resumed. The poststimulation, stabilized production was three to four times the prestimulation rate. The methane content was approximately 45% after one day and increased to 65% at the end of 30 days. The gas production rate was still two and one-half times the prestimulation rate at the end of the 30-day test period. The field results were a good match to the numerical simulator predictions. The physical stimulation did increase the production, but did not produce a commercial rate.

Lyle A. Johnson Jr.

2002-03-01

343

FORT UNION DEEP  

SciTech Connect

Coalbed methane (CBM) is currently the hottest area of energy development in the Rocky Mountain area. The Powder River Basin (PRB) is the largest CBM area in Wyoming and has attracted the majority of the attention because of its high permeability and relatively shallow depth. Other Wyoming coal regions are also being targeted for development, but most of these areas have lower permeability and deeper coal seams. This project consists of the development of a CBM stimulation system for deep coal resources and involves three work areas: (1) Well Placement, (2) Well Stimulation, and (3) Production Monitoring and Evaluation. The focus of this project is the Washakie Basin. Timberline Energy, Inc., the cosponsor, has a project area in southern Carbon County, Wyoming, and northern Moffat County, Colorado. The target coal is found near the top of the lower Fort Union formation. The well for this project, Evans No.1, was drilled to a depth of 2,700 ft. Three coal seams were encountered with sandstone and some interbedded shale between seams. Well logs indicated that the coal seams and the sandstone contained gas. For the testing, the upper seam at 2,000 ft was selected. The well, drilled and completed for this project, produced very little water and only occasional burps of methane. To enhance the well, a mild severity fracture was conducted to fracture the coal seam and not the adjacent sandstone. Fracturing data indicated a fracture half-length of 34 ft, a coal permeability of 0.2226 md, and permeability of 15.3 md. Following fracturing, the gas production rate stabilized at 10 Mscf/day within water production of 18 bpd. The Western Research Institute (WRI) CBM model was used to design a 14-day stimulation cycle followed by a 30-day production period. A maximum injection pressure of 1,200 psig to remain well below the fracture pressure was selected. Model predictions were 20 Mscf/day of air injection for 14 days, a one-day shut-in, then flowback. The predicted flowback was a four-fold increase over the prestimulation rate with production essentially returning to prestimulation rates after 30 days. The physical stimulation was conducted over a 14-day period. Problems with the stimulation injection resulted in a coal bed fire that was quickly quenched when production was resumed. The poststimulation, stabilized production was three to four times the prestimulation rate. The methane content was approximately 45% after one day and increased to 65% at the end of 30 days. The gas production rate was still two and one-half times the prestimulation rate at the end of the 30-day test period. The field results were a good match to the numerical simulator predictions. The physical stimulation did increase the production, but did not produce a commercial rate.

Lyle A. Johnson Jr.

2002-09-01

344

A case-control study of autism and mumps-measles-rubella vaccination using the general practice research database: design and methodology  

PubMed Central

Background An association between mumps-measles-rubella (MMR) vaccination and the onset of symptoms typical of autism has recently been suggested. This has led to considerable concern about the safety of the vaccine. Methods A matched case-control study using data derived form the United Kingdom General Practice Research Database. Children with a possible diagnosis of autism will be identified from their electronic health records. All diagnoses will be validated by a detailed review of hospital letters and by using information derived from a parental questionnaire. Ten controls per case will be selected from the database. Conditional logistic regression will be used to assess the association between MMR vaccination and autism. In addition case series analyses will be undertaken to estimate the relative incidence of onset of autism in defined time intervals after vaccination. The study is funded by the United Kingdom Medical Research Council. Discussion Electronic health databases offer tremendous opportunities for evaluating the adverse effects of vaccines. However there is much scope for bias and confounding. The rigorous validation of all diagnoses and the collection of additional information by parental questionnaire in this study are essential to minimise the possibility of misleading results.

Smeeth, Liam; Hall, Andrew J; Fombonne, Eric; Rodrigues, Laura C; Huang, Xiangning; Smith, Peter G

2001-01-01

345

International Labor Union Policy and Growth with Creative Destruction &ast  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractA multi-economy Schumpeterian growth model is constructed. Economies are interdependent through technology transfer. Households can stay as workers or become researchers at some cost. Workers are employed in production and researchers in R&D. Workers are unionized and union power depends on the government's protection. The main findings are as follows. If international technological dependence increases, then workers’ wages, the growth

Tapio Palokangas

2005-01-01

346

Economic Information: First Union  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

First Union, a large bank holding company, has made available its economic publications at its web site. The Economic Indicator Analysis section analyzes the main economic indicators as they are released, such as GDP, durable goods orders, housing demand, trade deficit, and prices. The Weekly Economic Commentary examines a domestic economic issue, while the Weekly International Economic Commentary offers a brief survey of selected aspects of the global economic situation. The site also houses the Regional Economic Review, Quarterly Economic Outlook, and summary tables of economic and financial data.

347

The Research Article as an Instrument of Active Learning for Teaching about Violence, Sexual Abuse, and Union Formation among Low-Income Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As noted by Goldsmid and Wilson a quarter of a century ago, a "curious gulf" exists between teaching and research in sociology. This article addresses this problem by suggesting ways in which a current research article from the American Sociological Review can be used in courses at three different levels of the undergraduate curriculum. The…

Purvin, Diane M.; Kain, Edward L.

2005-01-01

348

State of the Union  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Upon hearing about a site dedicated to State of the Union speeches, the eyes (and mousse) of some gentle readers may gravitate elsewhere. That would be a tremendous mistake in the case of this fine site, which presents graphical representations of how specific words have been used in these speeches over the years. Created by Brad Borevitz, the site draws on a number of open resources available on the web, and attempts to Âexamine changes in the language of the State of the Union address over the past 200 years. From the homepage, visitors can move their mouse over the graph featured prominently, and in doing so, they can view a visual representation of which words were featured in each speech. Of course, visitors can also examine the grade level at which each speech was written. After clicking on a given word (such as ÂtobaccoÂ, which appears quite frequently in President TaftÂs 1911 address), visitors will learn how many times the word was mentioned and where it appeared in the address. The entire site provides an interesting and unique glimpse into one type of content analysis, and one that is historically informed and quite relevant.

Borevitz, Brad

349

Union Catalogs and virtual Union Catalogs - repositioning Interlibrary Loan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Libraries in the United States share a long history of developing consortial arrangements for resource sharing. This paper explores the use of union catalogs and virtual union catalogs in the United States to support resource sharing and provides an overview of a project that links disparate catalogs among members of an academic consortium and a statewide regional library network. When

BARBARA PREECE; JOAN THOMPSON

350

News Music: Here comes science that rocks Student trip: Two views of the future of CERN Classroom: Researchers can motivate pupils Appointment: AstraZeneca trust appoints new director Multimedia: Physics Education comes to YouTube Competition: Students compete in European Union Science Olympiad 2010 Physics roadshow: Pupils see wonders of physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Music: Here comes science that rocks Student trip: Two views of the future of CERN Classroom: Researchers can motivate pupils Appointment: AstraZeneca trust appoints new director Multimedia: Physics Education comes to YouTube Competition: Students compete in European Union Science Olympiad 2010 Physics roadshow: Pupils see wonders of physics

2010-07-01

351

Identifying primary research on electronic databases to inform decision-making in health promotion: the case of sexual health promotion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evidence of the effectiveness of health promotion to support decision-making has become increasingly important to health promotion practitioners and policy-makers. Primary research on effectiveness, however, is not always easily accessible. This study aimed to contribute to strategies for facilitating access to this research by exploring the development and implementation of search strategies for identifying effectiveness research, in the area of

A. Harden; G. Peersman; S. Oliver; A. Oakley

1999-01-01

352

Physical database design for relational databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the concepts used in the implementation of DBDSGN, an experimental physical design tool for relational databases developed at the IBM San Jose Research Laboratory. Given a workload for System R (consisting of a set of SQL statements and their execution frequencies), DBDSGN suggests physical configurations for efficient performance. Each configuration consists of a set of indices and

Sheldon J. Finkelstein; Mario Schkolnick; Paolo Tiberio

1988-01-01

353

Database replication  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A new database design is implemented in which everything in the database is modeled with primitives, including the links and nodes for a graph tuple store. A query syntax provides a nested tree of constraints with a single global schema. Various optimization techniques for queries and replication techniques are also described.

2012-06-19

354

NSFC Databases  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Environmental Services Center (NESC) is based at West Virginia University and "serves as a clearinghouse for information about drinking water, wastewater, environmental training, and solid waste management in communities serving fewer than 10,000 individuals." As part of the NSFC larger Web site, the Databases page offers three online databases that can be accessed free after an initial registration. The Regulations Database contains copies of regulations for onsite wastewater treatment systems in 48 states, the Bibliographic Database stores thousands of articles dealing with onsite and small community wastewater issues, and the Manufacturers and Consultants Database houses a list of industry contacts for wastewater products and consulting services. Much more is available within the larger NSFC site and readers are encouraged to take a look through its contents.

2001-01-01

355

Benchmarking Helps Measure Union Programs, Operations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores three examples of benchmarking by college student unions. Focuses on how a union can collect information from other unions for use as benchmarking standards for the purposes of selling a concept or justifying program increases, or for comparing a union's financial performance to other unions. (EV)

Mann, Jerry

2001-01-01

356

A 'Managerial' Model of the Trade Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper criticizes the main existing models of the trade union for assuming that union objectives are coterminous with those of union me mbers, thus neglecting the role of the union leadership. The discussi on is related to traditional controversies about whether unions shoul d be seen as \\

James Pemberton

1988-01-01

357

UNION SALTS AS ADMINISTRATIVE PRIVATE ATTORNEYS GENERAL  

Microsoft Academic Search

- UNION SALTS AS PRIVATE ATTORNEYS GENERAL The legitimacy of union salting campaigns has been debated frequently and bitterly over the last several years. Salts, the agents of these campaigns, are professional union organizers who apply for, and sometimes obtain – often surreptitiously – employment with non-union employers in furtherance of union objectives. Although recent decisions of the National Labor

Michael C Duff

2011-01-01

358

PLANNING AND OPERATING COLLEGE UNION BUILDINGS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|THIS MONOGRAPH IS A DISCUSSION OF FOUR ASPECTS OF STUDENT UNIONS. PART ONE DISCUSSES THE NATURE AND PURPOSE OF A UNION AND THE UNION AS A CAMPUS CENTER. PART TWO DEALS WITH THE PLANNING OF UNION BUILDINGS AND GIVES PROCEDURES, PRINCIPLES AND CAUTIONS. UNION FACILITIES AND SERVICES ARE LISTED. PART THREE DISCUSSES THE ORGANIZATION AND ACTIVITIES…

BUTTS, PORTER

359

Software for pest-management science: computer models and databases from the United States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Service.  

PubMed

We present an overview of USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) computer models and databases related to pest-management science, emphasizing current developments in environmental risk assessment and management simulation models. The ARS has a unique national interdisciplinary team of researchers in surface and sub-surface hydrology, soil and plant science, systems analysis and pesticide science, who have networked to develop empirical and mechanistic computer models describing the behavior of pests, pest responses to controls and the environmental impact of pest-control methods. Historically, much of this work has been in support of production agriculture and in support of the conservation programs of our 'action agency' sister, the Natural Resources Conservation Service (formerly the Soil Conservation Service). Because we are a public agency, our software/database products are generally offered without cost, unless they are developed in cooperation with a private-sector cooperator. Because ARS is a basic and applied research organization, with development of new science as our highest priority, these products tend to be offered on an 'as-is' basis with limited user support except for cooperating R&D relationship with other scientists. However, rapid changes in the technology for information analysis and communication continually challenge our way of doing business. PMID:12846319

Wauchope, R Don; Ahuja, Lajpat R; Arnold, Jeffrey G; Bingner, Ron; Lowrance, Richard; van Genuchten, Martinus T; Adams, Larry D

360

Researchers under Pressure: A Comparative Study of New Forms of Producing, Advising and Transmitting Knowledge in Brazil and the European Union  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents some data from the literature and opinions from responses to interviews with 74 Brazilian and 15 European researchers. They were questioned about their work and the consequences to their lives caused by the changes imposed by the Coordinating Agency for Improvement in Higher Education Personnel (CAPES) in Brazil and the…

Bianchetti, Lucidio; Quartiero, Elisa Maria

2010-01-01

361

Utilizing the database is a powerful tool to support the research! : - from searching to making and utilizing - : An interview from Mr. Akifumi Oikawa Ph.D. Director of University Library, Professor SOKENDAI The Graduate University for Advanced Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Utilizing the database is a powerful tool to support the research! : - from searching to making and utilizing - : An interview from Mr. Akifumi Oikawa Ph.D. Director of University Library, Professor SOKENDAI The Graduate University for Advanced Studies

Utako Morita

2008-01-01

362

Utilizing the database is a powerful tool to support the research! : - from searching to making and utilizing - : An interview from Mr. Akifumi Oikawa Ph.D. Director of University Library, Professor SOKENDAI The Graduate University for Advanced Studies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Utilizing the database is a powerful tool to support the research! : - from searching to making and utilizing - : An interview from Mr. Akifumi Oikawa Ph.D. Director of University Library, Professor SOKENDAI The Graduate University for Advanced Studies

Morita, Utako

363

Union wages, strikes and profits  

Microsoft Academic Search

A model is used to propose the countervailing effects of a strike upon wages. Wages may rise if unions succeed in obtaining concessions. They may fall if firms succeed in neutralizing the potential damage to their profits. Some US evidence suggests that wages fall whenever strikes increase in intensity, somewhat corroborating the view that unions have continued to become weaker

Stephen Blumenfeld; Andres G. Victorio

2012-01-01

364

Union wages, strikes and profits  

Microsoft Academic Search

A model is used to propose the countervailing effects of a strike upon wages. Wages may rise if unions succeed in obtaining concessions. They may fall if firms succeed in neutralizing the potential damage to their profits. Some US evidence suggests that wages fall whenever strikes increase in intensity, somewhat corroborating the view that unions have continued to become weaker

Stephen Blumenfeld; Andres G. Victorio

2011-01-01

365

Community Centers and Student Unions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An overview of the social and planning concepts which serve as a foundation for the location, programming, and operation of various types of community centers and student unions is offered in this book. Pointing up the vital role of these institutions in meeting current community needs, it takes a look at community centers and student unions from…

Sternberg, Eugene D.; Sternberg, Barbara E.

366

Toward a More Perfect Union  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article explores school districts such as New Haven (Connecticut) Public Schools, whose local union is an American Federation of Teachers (AFT) affiliate and where a shared concern for students has trumped the often adversarial union-management relationship. The author discusses what makes the successful contract negotiations headed by David…

Schachter, Ron

2010-01-01

367

Unions, Firing Costs, and Unemployment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract.?We study the effects of firing costs in unionized economies with heterogeneous workers. We consider an overlapping generations model where workers participate in the labour market both when young and when old. All workers belong to the same union that sets wages unilaterally. We find that at given wages firing costs increase youth unemployment and decrease old-age unemployment. However, once

Leonor Modesto

2008-01-01

368

World Cave Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Cave Database was created by Eric Madelaine of the French Research Institute for Computer Science and Automatic Control. Users can browse the database by depth, length, or an alphabetical listing of the caves, and can search the nearly 1000 entries by keyword. All included caves are 300 meters deep and 3 kilometers long and larger, including the longest, which is the Mammoth Cave system in the US that is known to be 563,270 meters long. After getting used to the somewhat cryptic layout of cave listings, users should find the database a useful and informative resource.

369

Hydrocarbon Impacts Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Hydrocarbon Impacts (HI) database is a subset of the University of Calgary's Arctic Institute of North America's Arctic Science and Technology Information System database. More than 5,100 records describe "publications and research projects about the environmental impacts, socio-economic effects and regulation of hydrocarbon exploration, development and transportation in northern Canada." Users can search by record type, keyword, subject code, geographic code, author, and year, as well as an advanced search feature to locate the information. Well designed and easy to use, the database provides those interested in this narrow subject field a helpful resource.

370

Ecomp Executive Compensation Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Ecomp Executive Compensation Database allows users to research the compensation and net-worth of executives. Users may search the database by company name or ticker symbol, as well as by state, sector, and industry pull-down menus. Search returns list compensation summaries for the top executives, including salary, bonus, and total compensation. Clicking on the executive's name will give a more detailed summary, including restricted stock, LTIP payouts, and value realized for options exercised. All numbers are for 1999.

371

The MLPQ\\/GIS constraint database system  

Microsoft Academic Search

MLPQ\\/GIS [4,6] is a constraint database [5] system like CCUBE [1] and DEDALE [3] but with a special emphases on spatio-temporal data. Features include data entry tools (first four icons in Fig. 1), icon-based queries such as @@@@ Intersection, @@@@ Union, @@@@ Area, @@@@ Buffer, @@@@ Max and @@@@ Min, which optimize linear objective functions, and @@@@ for Datalog queries.

Peter Revesz; Rui Chen; Pradip Kanjamala; Yiming Li; Yuguo Liu; Yonghui Wang

2000-01-01

372

Simple Random Sampling from Relational Databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sampling as a fundamental operation for the auditing and statistical analysis of large databases is discussed. Methods of obtaining samples from the results of relational queries without first performing the query are presented. Specifically, simple random sampling from selections, projections, joins, unions, and intersections is examined. Also discussed are data structures and algorithms for sampling, and their performance. It is

Frank Olken; Doron Rotem

1986-01-01

373

How to use the IUPHAR receptor database to navigate pharmacological data.  

PubMed

Today's data-intensive, interdisciplinary research challenges scientists to keep up to date with key experimental techniques and tools reported in the literature. The International Union of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology Database (IUPHAR-DB) goes some way to addressing this need by providing expert-curated information sourced from primary literature and displayed in a user-friendly manner online. The database provides a channel for the IUPHAR Nomenclature Committee (NC-IUPHAR) to provide recommendations on the nomenclature of receptors and ion channels, to document their properties and the ligands that are useful for receptor characterization. Here we describe IUPHAR-DB's main features and provide examples of techniques for navigating and exploring the information. The database is freely available online at http://www.iuphar-db.org/. PMID:22674159

Mpamhanga, Chidochangu P; Sharman, Joanna L; Harmar, Anthony J

2012-01-01

374

Military Unionism and the Volunteer Military System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The issue of military unionization poses a major security question for the next decade. Consistent with the growth of the union movement in America especially more recent developments involving the unionization of large numbers of employees in the public ...

P. B. Lane E. S. Krendel

1977-01-01

375

IMAGE PROCESSING AND DATABASE SYSTEM IN THE NATIONAL MUSEUM OF WESTERN ART; AN INTEGRATED SYSTEM FOR ART RESEARCH  

Microsoft Academic Search

A research group of a librarian, curators and a computer specialist, to which I take responsibility, has been developing an integrated system for art research on an experimental basis for four years from 1994. Image processing technologies using input and output devices and software for high definition digital data are applied to studying Western artwork of the museum collection and

Hiroyuki Hatano

1996-01-01

376

BIOMARKERS DATABASE  

EPA Science Inventory

This database was developed by assembling and evaluating the literature relevant to human biomarkers. It catalogues and evaluates the usefulness of biomarkers of exposure, susceptibility and effect which may be relevant for a longitudinal cohort study. In addition to describing ...

377

From Telecommunications to Networking: The MELVYL Online Union Catalog and the Development of Intercampus Networks at the University of California.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews the history of the network that supports the MELVYL online union catalog, describes current technological and policy issues, and discusses the role the network plays in integrating local automation, the union catalog, access to resource databases, and other initiatives. Sidebars by Mark Needleman discuss the TCP/IP protocol suite,…

Lynch, Clifford A.

1989-01-01

378

From Telecommunications to Networking: The MELVYL Online Union Catalog and the Development of Intercampus Networks at the University of California.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the history of the network that supports the MELVYL online union catalog, describes current technological and policy issues, and discusses the role the network plays in integrating local automation, the union catalog, access to resource databases, and other initiatives. Sidebars by Mark Needleman discuss the TCP/IP protocol suite, internet…

Lynch, Clifford A.

1989-01-01

379

Research Report Narratives of Affiliation: EU Enlargement and National Sovereignty in Life Stories of Urban and Rural Poles Topic of Research The research study explored the impacts of membership in the European Union on the everyday lives of urban and rural Poles. Personal narratives helped to reveal ways of thinking about the nation, the European Union, and local regions within Poland (either urban Krakow or the rural Bieszczady Mountains). The study involved three related areas of investigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

• First, continuing my longitudinal study (begun in 1992), I investigated understandings about Poland, Polishness, democracy, and capitalism in relation to the decisions respondents made about work, school, and their personal relationships. • Second, interviews also explored opinions about the European Union and the effects of membership on respondents' lives. • Third, the study included an expanded focus on rural

Marysia Galbraith

380

Legal aspects of genetic databases for international biomedical research: the example of the International Cancer Genome Consortium (ICGC).  

PubMed

There is a noticeable lack of international regulation on personal data exchange and management in research. This article sheds light in this area by describing how the International Cancer Genome Consortium is developing policies and procedures to address the ethical and legal issues raised by the international transfer of data and results. These policies and procedures aim, first and most importantly, to safeguard the interests of the research participants and other involved stakeholders and, secondly, to facilitate the sharing of data and results to realize greater benefits from this kind of internationally collaborative genetic research. PMID:23520913

Romeo-Casabona, Carlos; Nicolás, Pilar; Knoppers, Bartha Maria; Joly, Yann; Wallace, Susan E; Chalmers, Don; Dyke, Stephanie; Kennedy, Karen; Troncoso, Antonio; Kaan, Terry; Rial-Sebbag, Emmanuelle

381

Toward a standard reference database for computer-aided mammography  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because of the lack of mammography databases with a large amount of codified images and identified characteristics like pathology, type of breast tissue, and abnormality, there is a problem for the development of robust systems for computer-aided diagnosis. Integrated to the Image Retrieval in Medical Applications (IRMA) project, we present an available mammography database developed from the union of: The

Júlia E. E. Oliveira; Mark O. Gueld; Arnaldo de A. Araújo; Bastian Ott; Thomas M. Deserno

2008-01-01

382

Towards a Standard Reference Database for Computer-aided Mammography  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because of the lack of mammography databases with a large amount of codified images and identified characteristics like pathology, type of breast tissue, and abnormality, there is a problem for the development of robust systems for computer-aided diagnosis. Integrated to the Image Retrieval in Medical Applications (IRMA) project, we present an available mammography database developed from the union of: The

Júlia E. E. Oliveira; Mark O. Guelda; Thomas M. Deserno

383

Speechdat multilingual speech databases for teleservices: across the finish line  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of the SpeechDat project is to develop spoken language resources for speech recognisers s uited to realise voice driven teleservices. SpeechDat created speech databases for all official languages of the European Union and some major dialectal varieties and minority languages. The size of the databases ranges between 500 and 5000 speakers. In total 20 d atabases are recorded

Harald Höge; Christoph Draxler; Henk van den Heuvel; Finn Tore Johansen; Eric Sanders; Herbert S. Tropf

1999-01-01

384

Activism and Willingness to Help in Union Organizing: Who Are the Activists?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on union renewal often cites a critical role for lay activism. This study examines determinants of activism and activism\\u000a intentions among a broadly representative sample of U.S. union members. Hypotheses are developed from theory and previous\\u000a research on union commitment and participation. Results for current activism are generally consistent with prior work. Extending\\u000a the model to future intentions to

Jack Fiorito; Gregor Gall; Arthur D. Martinez

2010-01-01

385

The Physical Properties Database (Physprop)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Five databases are available for free online from the Syracuse Research Corporation (SRC) a not-for-profit research and development firm. The Physical Properties Database contains chemical structures, names, and properties for over 25,000 chemicals. Entries are arranged by CAS number.

1969-12-31

386

READ: RIKEN Expression Array Database  

Microsoft Academic Search

READ, the RIKEN Expression Array Database, is a database of expression profile data from the RIKEN mouse cDNA microarray. It stores the microarray experimental data and information, and provides Web interfaces for researchers to use to retrieve, analyze and display their data. The goals for READ are to serve as a storage site for microarray data from ongoing research in

Hidemasa Bono; Takeya Kasukawa; Yoshihide Hayashizaki; Yasushi Okazaki

2002-01-01

387

VAMDC FP7 project and STARK-B database: C II Stark broadening parameters for white dwarf atmospheres research  

SciTech Connect

Stark broadening parameters of C II lines were determined within 3s-np spectral series within the semiclassical perturbation method. The atomic energy levels needed for calculations were taken from TOPBASE as well as the oscillator strengths, calculated additionally using the Coulomb approximation (the method of Bates and Damgaard). The both results were compared and the disagreement is found only in one case where the configuration mixing allows a forbidden transition to a close perturbing energy level. Calculations were performed for plasma conditions relevant for atmospheres of DQ white dwarfs and for a new type of white dwarfs, with surface composed mostly of carbon, discovered in 2007 by Dufour et al.. The aim of this work is to provide accurate C II Stark broadening data, which are crucial for this type of white dwarf atmosphere modellisation. Obtained results will be included in STARK-B database (http://stark-b.obspm.fr/), entering in the FP7 project of European Virtual Atomic and Molecular Data Center VAMDC aiming at building an interoperable e-Infrastructure for the exchange of atomic and molecular data (http://www.vamdc.org/).

Larbi-Terzi, Neila; Ben Nessib, Nebil [Groupe de Recherche en Physique Atomique et Astrophysique, Institut National des Sciences Appliquees et de Technologie, University of 7 November at Carthage, Centre Urbain Nord B. P. No. 676, 1080 Tunis Cedex (Tunisia); Sahal-Brechot, Sylvie [Laboratoire d'Etude du Rayonnement et de la Matiere en Astrophysique, Observatoire de Paris-Meudon, UMR CNRS 8112, Batiment 18, 5 Place Jules Janssen, F-92195 Meudon Cedex (France); Dimitrijevic, Milan S. [Astronomical Observatory, Volgina 7, 11060 Belgrade 38 (Serbia)

2010-11-23

388

European Monetary Union  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The EMU site was created by a group of students at the King's Hospital Secondary School in Palmerston, Dublin, Ireland. Their site discusses the potential positive and negative effects of the EMU, popular opinion on the Euro, and the possible side effects for Ireland, which will join, when its neighbor Britain does not join. After months of doubt and political difficulties in France, Germany, and most recently, Italy, it now appears that the unified European currency, the Euro, will indeed begin on January 1, 1999 to replace the national currencies of as many as 10 or 11 countries. The path to a unified currency is by no means smooth, however. Many European Union member states are finding it politically difficult to reduce their budget deficit to 3 percent of gross domestic product and other states, such as Britain and Denmark, are choosing to remain out for now regardless. On the other hand, European economic growth will apparently exceed earlier expectations, allowing leaders to use increased tax revenues instead of cutting social services to qualify.

389

Raman Spectroscopy Databases | Spectra Databases  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site is a clearinghouse of vibrational frequencies and Raman, mass, fluorescence, neutron scattering and infrared spectra. Both organic and mineral databases are included. The site features free access from both university and industry sources.

Spectroscopynow.com

390

The Gymnosperm Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This database is a fabulous resource for students and researchers of conifers, cycads, and their allies; it was created by Dr. Christopher J. Earle, a dendrochronologist and doctorate of the University of Washington. The user enters the taxonomic database at the highest level, Order and Family, and can then navigate to Species (or sometimes Variety) levels. At each level, information on the taxon is provided, along with bibliographic citations. In addition to the gymnosperm database, the site provides a links page with pointers to bibliographic databases, virtual image galleries and other resources. Special sections on gymnosperms of Alta California, gymnosperms of Sichuan, tree age determination, paleobotany of Australia and New Zealand conifers, and podocarp forests of south-west New Zealand further complement the site.

391

RWC Music Database: Music genre database and musical instrument sound database  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the design policy and specifications of the RWC Music Database, a copyright-cleared mu- sic database (DB) compiled specifically for research pur- poses. Shared DBs are common in other research fields and have made significant contributions to progress in those fields. The field of music information processing, however, has lacked a common DB of musical pieces or a

Masataka Goto; Hiroki Hashiguchi; Ryuichi Ok; Ryuichi Oka

2003-01-01

392

Union Power for Teaching Assistants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Teaching Assistants Association (TAA) is a labor union representing the graduate students who teach most of the University of Wisconsin and the University of Michigan freshman and sophomore courses. (Author/PG)

Mitzman, Barry

1975-01-01

393

Biological databases for behavioral neurobiology.  

PubMed

Databases are, at their core, abstractions of data and their intentionally derived relationships. They serve as a central organizing metaphor and repository, supporting or augmenting nearly all bioinformatics. Behavioral domains provide a unique stage for contemporary databases, as research in this area spans diverse data types, locations, and data relationships. This chapter provides foundational information on the diversity and prevalence of databases, how data structures support the various needs of behavioral neuroscience analysis and interpretation. The focus is on the classes of databases, data curation, and advanced applications in bioinformatics using examples largely drawn from research efforts in behavioral neuroscience. PMID:23195119

Baker, Erich J

2012-01-01

394

European Union Scandal  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week's In the News examines the recent high-level corruption scandal in the European Union. Last Tuesday, the European Commission -- the executive body that initiates and implements EU legislation -- resigned en masse, plunging the supranational organization into unprecedented political chaos. All 20 commissioners, led by commission President Jacques Santer of Luxembourg, abdicated their positions the day after the release of a scathing report by the Committee of Independent Experts. The independent panel of experts, who were appointed by the European Parliament, had investigated allegations of bureaucratic malfeasance perpetrated by the European Commission. The committee's report collectively accused the commission of financial "fraud, mismanagement, and nepotism." In the wake of the incriminating report and subsequent resignations, EU foreign ministers are scrambling to find successors for the commissioners to placate the bewildered European citizenry and return to business as usual. This political upheaval happened at a crucial transitional time in the EU's 42-year history, undermining its credibility at a time when it plans to expand into eastern Europe. The current tumult occurred just three months after launching a new unified currency, seven weeks before the new Treaty of Amsterdam commences, and three months before the next European Parliamentary elections, which will determine the future composition of the EU's 626-member assembly. During the next two days, distracted leaders from all fifteen EU member states will meet in Berlin to discuss the reconstruction of the European Commission and formulate a seven-year budget for the entire EU, an organization with about 18,000 officials who administer nearly $100 billion annually. The eight resources discussed provide news, commentary, and analysis.

Osmond, Andrew.

395

Causes and risk factors for death in systemic sclerosis: a study from the EULAR Scleroderma Trials and Research (EUSTAR) database  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesTo determine the causes and predictors of mortality in systemic sclerosis (SSc).MethodsPatients with SSc (n=5860) fulfilling the American College of Rheumatology criteria and prospectively followed in the EULAR Scleroderma Trials and Research (EUSTAR) cohort were analysed. EUSTAR centres completed a structured questionnaire on cause of death and comorbidities. Kaplan–Meier and Cox proportional hazards models were used to analyse survival in

Anthony J Tyndall; Bettina Bannert; Madelon Vonk; Paolo Airò; Franco Cozzi; Patricia E Carreira; Dominique Farge Bancel; Yannick Allanore; Ulf Müller-Ladner; Oliver Distler; Florenzo Iannone; Raffaele Pellerito; Margarita Pileckyte; Irene Miniati; Lidia Ananieva; Alexandra Balbir Gurman; Nemanja Damjanov; Adelheid Mueller; Gabriele Valentini; Gabriela Riemekasten; Mohammed Tikly; Laura Hummers; Maria JS Henriques; Paola Caramaschi; Agneta Scheja; Blaz Rozman; Evelien Ton; Gábor Kumánovics; Bernard Coleiro; Eva Feierl; Gabriella Szucs; Carlos Alberto Von Mühlen; Valeria Riccieri; Srdan Novak; Carlo Chizzolini; Anna Kotulska; Christopher Denton; Paulo C Coelho; Ina Kötter; Ismail Simsek; Paloma García de la Pena Lefebvre; Eric Hachulla; James R Seibold; Simona Rednic; Ji?í Štork; Jadranka Morovic-Vergles; Ulrich A Walker

2010-01-01

396

Contemporary Views of American Workers Toward Trade Unions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Statistical results on questions in the 1977 Quality of Employment Survey pertaining to trade unions are analyzed. The report also summarizes union members' priorities, evaluation of union performance, union participation, and union satisfaction. The majo...

T. A. Kochan

1978-01-01

397

Trade union modernisation and lifelong learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews recent developments in trade union education in the United Kingdom. It considers policy developments in response to the government's lifelong learning agenda, and also initiatives from within trade unions themselves. The article is structured in three sections which consider consecutively the contexts of trade union education, current developments in trade union education including the interface between trade

Keith Forrester; John Payne

2000-01-01

398

Credit Unions: A Theoretical and Empirical Overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2009 there were over 49,330 credit unions across 98 countries with more than 184 million members and approximately $1,354 billion in assets. There is a great diversity within the credit union movement across these countries. This reflects the various economic, historic and cultural contexts within which credit unions operate. This paper traces the evolution of the credit union movement.

Donal McKillop; John O. S. Wilson

2011-01-01

399

Relation of childhood gastrointestinal disorders to autism: nested case-control study using data from the UK General Practice Research Database  

PubMed Central

Objectives To assess whether children with autism are more likely to have a history of gastrointestinal disorders than children without autism. Design Nested case-control study. Setting UK General Practice Research Database. Subjects Children born after 1 January 1988 and registered with the General Practice Research Database within 6 months of birth. Outcome measures Chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, coeliac disease, food intolerance, and recurrent gastrointestinal symptoms recorded by the general practitioner. Results 9 of 96 (9%) children with a diagnosis of autism (cases) and 41 of 449 (9%) children without autism (matched controls) had a history of gastrointestinal disorders before the index date (the date of first recorded diagnosis of autism in the cases and the same date for controls). The estimated odds ratio for a history of gastrointestinal disorders among children with autism compared with children without autism was 1.0 (95% confidence interval 0.5 to 2.2). Conclusions No evidence was found that children with autism were more likely than children without autism to have had defined gastrointestinal disorders at any time before their diagnosis of autism. What is already known on this topicGastrointestinal disease with a characteristic endoscopic and pathological appearance has been reported among a case series of children with autism and hypothesised to be related to measles, mumps, and rubella vaccinationThe incidence of autism has been rising over the past decade despite a stable rate for measles, mumps, and rubella vaccination among the same populationWhat this study addsChildren with autism are no more likely than children without autism to have had gastrointestinal disorders at any time before the diagnosis of autismLess than 10% of children diagnosed with autism have a history of gastrointestinal disorders, and for most the symptoms are mildNo temporal association was found between measles, mumps, and rubella vaccination and the onset of gastrointestinal symptoms in children with autism

Black, Corri; Kaye, James A; Jick, Hershel

2002-01-01

400

Database Auditing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Government regulations and increased awareness of security issues have increased the auditing requirements of information technology systems. In this paper, we will discuss three government regulations and how they have impacted information technology systems. We classify database auditing systems by considering features of the basic components of an auditing system as proposed by Bishop: the logger, analyzer, and notifier. In

Jungha Woo; Sael Lee; Carla Zoltowski

401

What Do Unions Do ... to Voting?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses data from four different data sets to examine the union impact on the turnout of members and their support for union-preferred candidates. It rejects the claim that the union share of the electorate rose massively in the 1990s. It finds that union members are about 12 percentage points more likely to vote than non-union members and nonunion

Richard B. Freeman

2003-01-01

402

PADB : Published Association Database  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Although molecular pathway information and the International HapMap Project data can help biomedical researchers to investigate the aetiology of complex diseases more effectively, such information is missing or insufficient in current genetic association databases. In addition, only a few of the environmental risk factors are included as gene-environment interactions, and the risk measures of associations are not indexed in

Hwanseok Rhee; Jin-sung Lee

2007-01-01

403

David Dubinsky, the International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union and the Limits of Social Democratic Trade Unionism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Unlike Parmet’s (2005) well-written and thoroughly researched biography and many other generally admiring books and articles on David Dubinsky,\\u000a the former International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union (ILGWU) president from 1932 to 1966, this essay contends that even\\u000a though Dubinsky initiated important developments within the ILGWU and fought heroically against Nazism and Fascism, his right-wing\\u000a social democratic worldview was ultimately divisive

Victor G. Devinatz

2010-01-01

404

Eukaryotic Promoter Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Eukaryotic Promoter Database (EPD), developed at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel and currently maintained at the Swiss Institute for Experimental Cancer Research, is an annotated collection of eukaryotic POL II promoters intended to assist experimental researchers as well as computer analysts in the investigation of eukaryotic transcription signals. Promoters are included in EPD if they are recognized by eukaryotic RNA POL II, active in a higher eukaryote, experimentally defined or homologous and sufficiently similar to an experimentally defined promoter, biologically functional, available in the current EMBL release, and distinct from other promoters in the database. Database entries (searchable by organism, homology group, sequence, keywords, references, etc.) include promoter identifications and descriptions, information on the experimental evidence, various kinds of promoter classifications and regulatory properties, as well as bibliographic references and cross-references to other databases. The EPD Website also features yearly-updated base frequency matrices for major eukaryotic promoter elements, a user manual, and a link to a complementary database called EPDX, which allows users to view available gene expression data for human EPD promoters.

1969-12-31

405

American Geophysical Union  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Web site portrays AGU's role as a world wide scientific community devoted to the advancement of the "understanding of Earth and space for the benefit of humanity." Visitors can learn about AGU's numerous groups devoted to research in atmospheric and oceanic sciences, solid earth sciences, hydrology, and space science. Researchers will find information about upcoming meetings and how to submit abstracts. Everyone involved with publications may benefit from their ethical Guidelines to Publication of Geophysical Research. Interested visitors can also learn how to become a member of this longstanding nonprofit scientific organization.

406

The Rat Genome Database (RGD): developments towards a phenome database  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Rat Genome Database (RGD) (http:\\/\\/rgd.mcw. edu) aims to meet the needs of its community by pro- viding genetic and genomic infrastructure while also annotating the strengths of rat research: biochemis- try, nutrition, pharmacology and physiology. Here, we report on RGD's development towards creating a phenome database. Recent developments can be categorized into three groups. (i) Improved data collection and

Norberto De La Cruz; Susan Bromberg; Dean Pasko; Mary Shimoyama; Simon N. Twigger; Jiali Chen; Chin-fu Chen; Chunyu Fan; Cindy Foote; Gopal R. Gopinath; Glenn Harris; Aubrey Hughes; Yuan Ji; Weihong Jin; Dawei Li; Jedidiah Mathis; Natalya Nenasheva; Jeff Nie; Rajni Nigam; Victoria Petri; Dorothy Reilly; Weiye Wang; Wenhua Wu; Angela Zuniga-meyer; Lan Zhao; Anne E. Kwitek; Peter J. Tonellato; Howard J. Jacob

2005-01-01

407

Physical Database Support for Scientific and Statistical Database Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various physical database techniques that can be used to implement scientific and statistical database management systems are surveyed. Techniques for storing the data, and algorithms for query processing are considered. File structures, access methods, compression methods, buffering strategies, and algorithms for aggregation, transposition, and sampling are discussed. Areas for future research are mentioned. 75 refs. (DWL)

Frank Olken

1986-01-01

408

Drinking Water Treatability Database (Database)  

EPA Science Inventory

The drinking Water Treatability Database (TDB) will provide data taken from the literature on the control of contaminants in drinking water, and will be housed on an interactive, publicly-available USEPA web site. It can be used for identifying effective treatment processes, rec...

409

Trail Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Something of a veteran by Internet standards, the Trail Database has been around since 1997 and, as such, now bills itself as the "world's largest hiking trail database." "Henk," the Dutch hiker responsible for this compendium, updates the site regularly and has included a wide variety of links to helpful material here. Users can search or browse the resources, which are arranged both under general topics, such as Knots or Equipment, and by country. Those planning European hikes will find the links off the front page to foot and mouth disease-related hiking restrictions useful (though we found some of these links to be broken). In all, an impressive collection of material. The site is available in Dutch or English.

1997-01-01

410

NBER Macrohistory Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) (discussed in the September 22, 1995 Scout Report) offers a Macrohistory Database of 3500 monthly, quarterly, and annual economic time series on pre-WWI and interwar economies in addition to their other historical data sets and working papers. Fifteen Macrohistory chapters cover United States production, construction, employment, money, prices, asset market transactions, foreign trade, and government activity, with some coverage of the United Kingdom, France, and Germany. Although the database is searchable by keyword, an analytical index (.pdf format) created by the original NBER compilers gives more detailed information on data series creation and organization.

1998-01-01

411

78 FR 2449 - Office of Small Credit Unions (OSCUI) Grant Program Access for Credit Unions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Application until the credit union's safety and soundness conditions...Requirements: Each awarded credit union must submit a reimbursement...success or failure to meet objectives for use of proceeds, outcome...705. By the National Credit Union Administration Board on...

2013-01-11

412

78 FR 33445 - Office of Small Credit Unions (OSCUI) Grant Program Access For Credit Unions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Application until the credit union's safety and soundness conditions...Requirements: Each awarded credit union must submit a reimbursement...success or failure to meet objectives for use of proceeds, outcome...705. By the National Credit Union Administration Board on...

2013-06-04

413

The Gay Peoples Union Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In the 1970s, The Gay Peoples Union was the most important gay and lesbian rights organization in Milwaukee. The Union started as a student group at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, and they eventually took a key role in working for social change in the contentious arena of educating the general public about homosexuality. This extremely valuable digital collection was created by the University of Wisconsin Digital Collections initiative, utilizing materials from the Division of Archives and Special Collections of the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Visitors to the site can make their way through copies of the Gay Peoples Union newsletter and also listen to the radio program, Gay Perspective. Users are welcome to also browse the textual and audio materials at their leisure.

414

General Feelings Toward Unions and Employers as Predictors of Union Voting Intent  

Microsoft Academic Search

The union voting intention literature shows that many nonunion employees who indicate that they think unions are instrumental\\u000a in increasing wages, benefits, and working conditions would vote against forming a union. Although American workers have often been characterized as pragmatic with regard to their support for unions,\\u000a the “disconnect” between union beliefs and union voting intentions just described suggests that

Arthur D. Martinez; Jack Fiorito

2009-01-01

415

Nuclear Sources and Assets Database (NUSAD) Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Nuclear Sources and Assets Database (NUSAD) has been developed and is being maintained by the Atmospheric Radionuclide Monitoring Program at the Center for Monitoring Research (CMR). NUSAD is an Oracle-based database that contains information regardin...

D. Leussing J. C. Rynes

2001-01-01

416

Knowledge acquisition from crystallographic databases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Four major crystallographic databases record bibliographic, 2D chemical and 3D structural data across the complete chemical spectrum. The largest of these databases, the Cambridge Structural Database, is described and software for search, retrieval, display and analysis of database contents is summarized. The CSD System is now used extensively as a basis for further research that is designed to acquire structural knowledge from the accumulated information. Statistical, numerical and graphical methods of data analysis are described and exemplified with special reference to studies of mean molecular dimensions, conformational preferences, reaction pathways and of intermolecular interactions and molecular recognition mechanisms.

Allen, Frank H.; Bird, Craig M.; Bruno, Ian J.; Johnson, Owen; Stewart, Neil S.

1995-04-01

417

Superconductivity Papers Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Electrotechnical Laboratory (Ministry of International Trade and Industry) and the International Superconductivity Technology Center Foundation (Japan) provide this no-frills, searchable-only bibliographic database of 32,000 superconductivity papers in the areas of High Tc, C60 (Fullerene) related, organic, non-oxide, and oxide conductor. Papers can be searched on title, author, abstract word, or year. The database contains citations mostly from 1987-present in pertinent scholarly journals. The "How to Search" section gives hints on browsing parts of the database via use of the truncation symbol in combination with a classificatory serial number prefix. While there is nothing pretty or particularly user-friendly about the interface, the number of citations on these highly specialized topics should be of use researchers in the field.

1998-01-01

418

Virginia Tech - Union/Find  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Allows users to select set sizes of from 8 to 20 nodes, and then perform union operations on them. The result on the disjoint set is shown. Steps are explained as the user makes the connections. Shows both the union/find physical array and the logical (tree) view. The message panel clearly explains each step. Shows results either with or without path compression. Changes in the trees shown with animation and color. Should be a good way to show students a data structure and algorithm that they often have trouble with. Recommended as lecture aide, standalone, self-study suppliment to tutorial or lecture.

Shaffer, Cliff; Kania, Chris

419

Great Basin paleontological database  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey has constructed a paleontological database for the Great Basin physiographic province that can be served over the World Wide Web for data entry, queries, displays, and retrievals. It is similar to the web-database solution that we constructed for Alaskan paleontological data (www.alaskafossil.org). The first phase of this effort was to compile a paleontological bibliography for Nevada and portions of adjacent states in the Great Basin that has recently been completed. In addition, we are also compiling paleontological reports (Known as E&R reports) of the U.S. Geological Survey, which are another extensive source of l,egacy data for this region. Initial population of the database benefited from a recently published conodont data set and is otherwise focused on Devonian and Mississippian localities because strata of this age host important sedimentary exhalative (sedex) Au, Zn, and barite resources and enormons Carlin-type An deposits. In addition, these strata are the most important petroleum source rocks in the region, and record the transition from extension to contraction associated with the Antler orogeny, the Alamo meteorite impact, and biotic crises associated with global oceanic anoxic events. The finished product will provide an invaluable tool for future geologic mapping, paleontological research, and mineral resource investigations in the Great Basin, making paleontological data acquired over nearly the past 150 yr readily available over the World Wide Web. A description of the structure of the database and the web interface developed for this effort are provided herein. This database is being used ws a model for a National Paleontological Database (which we am currently developing for the U.S. Geological Survey) as well as for other paleontological databases now being developed in other parts of the globe. ?? 2008 Geological Society of America.

Zhang, N.; Blodgett, R. B.; Hofstra, A. H.

2008-01-01

420

Art in the Union. College Unions at Work.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This booklet provides the technical information necessary in handling exhibits of paintings, prints, sculpture, tapestries, and artifacts of interest and value to students. It was published in response to widespread interest, by college union staff and students, in the development of good art exhibit programs and permanent art collections. The…

Moore, Norman F.

421

Pseudogene.org: a comprehensive database and comparison platform for pseudogene annotation  

PubMed Central

The Pseudogene.org knowledgebase serves as a comprehensive repository for pseudogene annotation. The definition of a pseudogene varies within the literature, resulting in significantly different approaches to the problem of identification. Consequently, it is difficult to maintain a consistent collection of pseudogenes in detail necessary for their effective use. Our database is designed to address this issue. It integrates a variety of heterogeneous resources and supports a subset structure that highlights specific groups of pseudogenes that are of interest to the research community. Tools are provided for the comparison of sets and the creation of layered set unions, enabling researchers to derive a current ‘consensus’ set of pseudogenes. Additional features include versatile search, the capacity for robust interaction with other databases, the ability to reconstruct older versions of the database (accounting for changing genome builds) and an underlying object-oriented interface designed for researchers with a minimal knowledge of programming. At the present time, the database contains more than 100?000 pseudogenes spanning 64 prokaryote and 11 eukaryote genomes, including a collection of human annotations compiled from 16 sources.

Karro, John E.; Yan, Yangpan; Zheng, Deyou; Zhang, Zhaolei; Carriero, Nicholas; Cayting, Philip; Harrrison, Paul; Gerstein, Mark

2007-01-01

422

Database and Online Statistics for 1979: Number of Databases Shows Dramatic Increase.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Provides statistical summaries of database development and growth for 1979, based on the "Database of Databases" file at the University of Illinois Information Retrieval Research Laboratory. Bibliographic, bibliographic-related, and natural language databases are analyzed in four subject categories: scientific/technical, humanities, mixed, and…

Williams, Martha E.

1980-01-01

423

A quantitative definition of scaphoid union: determining the inter-rater reliability of two techniques  

PubMed Central

Background Despite extensive literature supporting the use of computerized tomography (CT) scans in evaluating scaphoid fractures, there has not been a consensus on the methodology for defining and quantifying union. The purpose of this study was to test the inter-observer reliability of two methods of quantifying scaphoid union. Methods The CT scans of 50 non-operatively treated scaphoid fractures were reviewed by four blinded observers. Each was asked to classify union into one of three categories, united, partially united, or tenuously united, based on their general impression. Each reviewer then carefully analyzed each CT slice and quantified union based on two methods, the mean percentage union and the weighted mean percentage union. The estimated percentage of scaphoid union for each scan was recorded, and inter-observer reliability for both methods was assessed using a Bland-Altman plot to calculate the 95% limits of agreement. Kappa statistic was used to measure the degree of agreement for the categorical assessment of union. Results There was very little difference in the percentage of union calculated between the two methods (mean difference between the two methods was 1.2?±?4.1%), with each reviewer demonstrating excellent agreement between the two methods based on the Bland-Altman plot. The kappa score indicated very good agreement (??=?0.80) between the consultant hand surgeon and the musculoskeletal radiologist, and good agreement (??=?0.62) between the consultant hand surgeon and the hand fellow for the categorical assessment of union. Conclusions This study describes two methods of quantifying and defining scaphoid union, both with a high inter-rater reliability. This indicates that either method can be reliably used, making it an important tool for both for clinical use and research purposes in future studies of scaphoid fractures, particularly those which are using union or time to union as their endpoint. Level of evidence Diagnostic, level III

2013-01-01

424

European Monetary Union in Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The world economy has gone through two years of a mixed but relatively strong recovery. In the European Union, however, the rebound was much less pronounced than in the rest of the world. Strong exports to the fast-growing emerging economies lead to a powerful upswing in some countries of the euro area, notably in Germany, and suggested in spring 2010

Stefan Ederer

2011-01-01

425

Back Disorders Among Union Carpenters.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

We conducted a study of back disorders among a well-defined cohort of construction carpenters. By combining sources of administrative data we had a unique picture of medical care for a large cohort of union carpenters through their workers' compensation a...

B. Silverstein H. J. Lipscomb J. M. Dement K. L. Kucera W. Cameron

2009-01-01

426

Psychiatry in the Soviet Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

The services for chronically handicapped people with psychiatric disorders in the Soviet Union are described. The system is based upon a network of community units, each of which includes a day centre, a follow-up clinic, and a sheltered workshop. British services could profitably learn from the experience of these units. The diagnostic system used by many Soviet psychiatrists is different

J. K. Wing

1974-01-01

427

"Parent Unions" Join Policy Debates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Whether they're organizing events, buttonholing legislators, or simply trading ideas and information, a growing number of "parent unions" are attempting to stake out a place in policy debates over education in states and districts, amid a crowded field of actors and advocates. As the term implies, some of these organizations see themselves as…

Cavanagh, Sean

2012-01-01

428

Ethnicity in the Soviet Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the Soviet Union, ethnicity is the major force for change. It is a multiethnic society, where the Russians constitute the ruling majority. The country's political system recognizes the ethnic principle in a federal state structure, but the real power is exercised by a unitary and highly centralized Communist party. The ruling ideology of Marxism-Leninism postulates class-based internation alism as

Teresa Rakowska-Harmstone

1977-01-01

429

Education for Organising in a Hot Climate: A Manufacturing Union's Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reports on research into a national education program within one of Australia's largest trade unions. The program was designed to assist the union's staff and elected officials respond to the rapidly changing industrial and political conditions in the manufacturing sector. It is ambitious in scope comprising sixteen modules that range…

Brown, Tony

2006-01-01

430

Student Experiences at Work and Attitudes to Unionism: A Study of Retailing and Fast Food  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper discusses the results of a survey of students' perceptions of work in retailing and fast-food employment in Australia, with particular regard to their attitudes towards union membership. Our research question is: to what extent do management practices affect young people's views about joining a union? We find that low-cost labour management regimes are likely to increase employees' interest

Cameron Allan; Greg J. Bamber; Damian Oliver

431

Proliferation and the former Soviet Union  

SciTech Connect

The report examines the whole range of consequences for proliferation of weapons of mass destruction of the Soviet Union's breakup and describes how U.S. assistance may reduce specific proliferation risks in the former Soviet Union.

Not Available

1994-09-01

432

Arabidopsis database and stock resources.  

PubMed

The volume of Arabidopsis information has increased enormously in recent years as a result of the sequencing of the reference genome and other large-scale functional genomics projects. Much of the data is stored in public databases, where data are organized, analyzed, and made freely accessible to the research community. These databases are resources that researchers can utilize for making predictions and developing testable hypotheses. The methods in this chapter describe ways to access and utilize Arabidopsis data and genomic resources found in databases and stock centers. PMID:24057361

Li, Donghui; Dreher, Kate; Knee, Emma; Brkljacic, Jelena; Grotewold, Erich; Berardini, Tanya Z; Lamesch, Philippe; Garcia-Hernandez, Margarita; Reiser, Leonore; Huala, Eva

2014-01-01

433

Investigation of the temporal association of Guillain-Barre syndrome with influenza vaccine and influenzalike illness using the United Kingdom General Practice Research Database.  

PubMed

In 1976, the national swine influenza vaccination program in the United States was suspended because of an increased risk of Guillain-Barré syndrome. Subsequent studies of seasonal influenza vaccine have given conflicting results. The authors used the self-controlled case series method to investigate the relation of Guillain-Barré syndrome with influenza vaccine and influenzalike illness using cases recorded in the General Practice Research Database from 1990 to 2005 in the United Kingdom. The relative incidence of Guillain-Barré syndrome within 90 days of vaccination was 0.76 (95% confidence interval: 0.41, 1.40). In contrast, the relative incidence of Guillain-Barré syndrome within 90 days of an influenzalike illness was 7.35 (95% confidence interval: 4.36, 12.38), with the greatest relative incidence (16.64, 95% confidence interval: 9.37, 29.54) within 30 days. The relative incidence was similar (0.89, 95% confidence interval: 0.42, 1.89) when the analysis was restricted to a subset of validated cases. The authors found no evidence of an increased risk of Guillain-Barré syndrome after seasonal influenza vaccine. The finding of a greatly increased risk after influenzalike illness is consistent with anecdotal reports of a preceding respiratory illness in Guillain-Barré syndrome and has important implications for the risk/benefit assessment that would be carried out should pandemic vaccines be deployed in the future. PMID:19033158

Stowe, Julia; Andrews, Nick; Wise, Lesley; Miller, Elizabeth

2008-11-24

434

The association between Parkinson's disease and anti-epilepsy drug carbamazepine: a case-control study using the UK General Practice Research Database.  

PubMed

AIM: To investigate whether the use of carbamazepine is associated with reduced risk of Parkinson's disease. METHODS: We conducted a population-based matched case-control study of patients randomly selected from the UK General Research Practice Database (GPRD). We identified 8,549 patients with Parkinson's disease using diagnosis criteria with a positive predictive value of 90%. These patients were compared with 42,160 controls matched for age, sex, and general practice. RESULTS: Overall, 3.0% of cases (257/8,549) had at least one recorded prescription for carbamazepine compared to 2.5% (1,050/42,160) of controls. The crude odds ratio (OR) for the association between Parkinson's disease and carbamazepine was 1.22 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.06-1.40), but this reduced to 0.93 (95%CI: 0.81-1.08, p=0.34) after adjusting for annual consultation rate. Further adjustment for body mass index, smoking status, alcohol consumption, or use of calcium channel blockers did not affect results. There was no evidence that risk decreased with higher doses or longer duration of carbamazepine use. CONCLUSIONS: There was little to no evidence that use of carbamazepine is associated with reduced risk of Parkinson's disease. Although the study was underpowered, it does indicate that any effect of carbamazepine is likely to be small. PMID:23432592

Skow, Aine; Douglas, Ian; Smeeth, Liam

2013-02-21

435

Super-radical surgery for anaplastic thyroid carcinoma: A large cohort study using the anaplastic thyroid carcinoma research consortium of Japan database.  

PubMed

BACKGROUND: The consequences of super-radical resection in patients with anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) have not been fully investigated. METHODS: This retrospective study used the multicenter ATC Research Consortium of Japan database. Among 233 stage IVB patients, 23 underwent super-radical resection (group S). Outcomes for group S were compared to those for patients with restricted curative surgery (group R; n = 49), palliative surgery (group P; n = 72) or no surgery (group N; n = 80). RESULTS: One-year cause-specific survival rate for group S was 33%. It was identical to group R (p = .94) and significantly better than groups N and P (p = .0065). Permanent tracheostomy was significantly more frequent in group S than in other groups, but only 5 patients died directly from local disease. CONCLUSIONS: Radical resection offers significantly better outcomes than limited surgery. Super-radical procedures may be indicated in select patients to avoid mortality due to locally uncontrolled disease at the expense of tracheostomy. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck, 2013. PMID:23729360

Sugitani, Iwao; Hasegawa, Yasuhisa; Sugasawa, Masashi; Tori, Masayuki; Higashiyama, Takuya; Miyazaki, Masakazu; Hosoi, Hiroshi; Orita, Yorihisa; Kitano, Hiroya

2013-06-01

436

MetaBase--the wiki-database of biological databases  

PubMed Central

Biology is generating more data than ever. As a result, there is an ever increasing number of publicly available databases that analyse, integrate and summarize the available data, providing an invaluable resource for the biological community. As this trend continues, there is a pressing need to organize, catalogue and rate these resources, so that the information they contain can be most effectively exploited. MetaBase (MB) (http://MetaDatabase.Org) is a community-curated database containing more than 2000 commonly used biological databases. Each entry is structured using templates and can carry various user comments and annotations. Entries can be searched, listed, browsed or queried. The database was created using the same MediaWiki technology that powers Wikipedia, allowing users to contribute on many different levels. The initial release of MB was derived from the content of the 2007 Nucleic Acids Research (NAR) Database Issue. Since then, approximately 100 databases have been manually collected from the literature, and users have added information for over 240 databases. MB is synchronized annually with the static Molecular Biology Database Collection provided by NAR. To date, there have been 19 significant contributors to the project; each one is listed as an author here to highlight the community aspect of the project.

Bolser, Dan M.; Chibon, Pierre-Yves; Palopoli, Nicolas; Gong, Sungsam; Jacob, Daniel; Angel, Victoria Dominguez Del; Swan, Dan; Bassi, Sebastian; Gonzalez, Virginia; Suravajhala, Prashanth; Hwang, Seungwoo; Romano, Paolo; Edwards, Rob; Bishop, Bryan; Eargle, John; Shtatland, Timur; Provart, Nicholas J.; Clements, Dave; Renfro, Daniel P.; Bhak, Daeui; Bhak, Jong

2012-01-01

437

USING HIGH-LEVEL CONSUMER-RESEARCH METHODS TO CREATE A TOOL-DRIVEN GUIDEBOOK AND DATABASE FOR PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT AND MARKETING  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present aspects and data for a tool-driven database for marketing and product development, which are publicly accessible. The objective is to create a method whereby knowledge of concepts and products can be archived using overviews of a specific product category. The first phase of the database comprises systematic analysis of product concepts, which contain elements dealing both with features

HOWARD MOSKOWITZ; ALEX GOFMAN; JACQUELINE BECKLEY

2006-01-01

438

Case mix, outcome and length of stay for admissions to adult, general critical care units in England, Wales and Northern Ireland: the Intensive Care National Audit & Research Centre Case Mix Programme Database  

Microsoft Academic Search

INTRODUCTION: The present paper describes the methods of data collection and validation employed in the Intensive Care National Audit & Research Centre Case Mix Programme (CMP), a national comparative audit of outcome for adult, critical care admissions. The paper also describes the case mix, outcome and activity of the admissions in the Case Mix Programme Database (CMPD). METHODS: The CMP

David A Harrison; Anthony R Brady; Kathy Rowan

2004-01-01

439

Unionization and Perceived Control among Community College Faculty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The research reported in this paper examined what role working in a union or nonunion college has in influencing faculty perceptions of control over their work. Using data from the 1993, 1999, and 2004 National Study of Postsecondary Faculty, this study explored the relative importance of variables in influencing perceived control among full-time…

Linville, Joann E.; Antony, James Soto; Hayden, Ruby A.

2011-01-01

440

Modeling Demand for Unionization with Nontraditional Data Analysis Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Upon reviewing the extant literature on determinants of unionism, it becomes clear that many areas that have had a plethora of research attention do not converge upon singularly directional findings. This study explores a potential cause of such an apparent anomaly: nonlinearity of data. An exploratory examination of correlation coefficients…

DeGroot, Timothy

2006-01-01

441

Manufacturing Dissent: Labor Revitalization, Union Summer and Student Protest  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the late 1990s, college students across the United States mobilized around labor issues. Our research explores whether this explosion of student protest activity was generated, in part, by concerted efforts of the AFL-CIO through its Union Summer college student internship program. A statistical analysis of factors influencing the location…

Van Dyke, Nella; Dixon, Marc; Carlon, Helen

2007-01-01

442

The relative stability of cohabiting and marital unions for children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children are increasingly born into cohabiting parent families, but we know little to date about the implications of this family pattern for children's lives. We examine whether children born into premarital cohabitation and first marriages experience similar rates of parental disruption, and whether marriage among cohabiting parents enhances union stability. These issues are important because past research has linked instability

Wendy D. Manning; Pamela J. Smock; Debarun Majumdar

2004-01-01

443

Tax-funded unionism III: Front organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article shows that unions are deeply involved in nonprofit organizations which ostensibly pursue such goals as helping\\u000a the elderly and protecting consumers, but a major goal of these organizations is to obtain taxpayer funds for union organizing\\u000a and other activities. The senior citizens’ political movement, for example, is controlled by union officials who use the movement\\u000a to further union

James T. Bennett; Thomas J. DiLorenzo

1987-01-01

444

The economic effects of labor unions revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a variety of statistical techniques, we conclude that labor unions have reduced U.S. output by significant amounts —trillions\\u000a of dollars over time. Additionally, the employment- population ratio and the unemployment rate have been adversely affected\\u000a by the presence of unions. From the very beginning, unionization materially lowered employment in the auto and steel industries,\\u000a and union militancy in coal

Richard Vedder; Lowell Gallaway

2002-01-01

445

Physical Database Design for Raster Images in CONCERT  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to extend database technology beyond traditional applications a new paradigm called "externalization of database functionality" has been proposed in research and development. Externalization of database functionality is a radical departure from traditional thinking. Traditionally, all data is loaded into and owned by the database, whereas in the new paradigm data may reside outside the database in external repositories

Lukas Rellyl; Hans-jörg Schek; Olof Henricsson; Stephan Nebiker

1997-01-01

446

The Implementation of the Greek Union Catalog.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is based on the results of the study of the Work Group of Bibliographic Standards for the Greek union catalog, the first stage of Greek academic library union catalog development. The first section lists the objectives of the union catalog. The state of the art of Greek academic libraries is discussed in the second section. The lack of…

Katsirikou, Anthi

447

Unions and Job Satisfaction: An Alternative View.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The dominant theoretical perspective suggests that unions reduce job satisfaction by making workers more critical of the workplace and more willing to complain. However, unions reduce wage inequality and increase worker control and commitment. A survey of 978 workers shows that unionization has a positive effect on job satisfaction. (JOW)

Pfeffer, Jeffrey; Davis-Blake, Alison

1990-01-01

448

Unions and wage inequality in Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper offers empirical evidence on the impact of trade unions on wage inequality in Mexico. The results indicate that unions were a strongly equalizing force affecting the dispersion of wages in 1984, but were only half as effective at reducing wage inequality in 1996. Not only did the unionized percentage of the labor force fall considerably over the period,

David Fairris

2003-01-01

449

Union militancy and the probability of strikes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper provides a model that explains the probability of strikes by the union's use of militancy as a strategic tool in bargaining. Militants are useful because they provide a credible threat, hence enhancing the union's bargaining position. Using a multi-stage bargaining game, we show that, in general, militants will be used by the union as a strategic tool. The

Elie Appelbaum

2004-01-01

450

Trade Union Objectives and Economic Growth  

Microsoft Academic Search

A trade union whose purpose is to raise wages above the competitive level may foster economic growth if it succeeds in shifting income away from the owners of capital to the workers and if the workers' marginal propensity to save exceeds that of capitalists. We make this point in an overlapping generations framework with unionized labour. Considering a monopoly union

Andreas Irmen; Berthold Wigger

2001-01-01

451

Union Catalogs of Learning Objects: Why Not?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work presents a combined view of digital libraries, union catalogs and digital learning materials; union catalogs of metadata of ETD - Electronic Theses and Dissertations are shown as a paradigm. From this integrated view, and based on the existing ETD solution, it suggests that union catalogs of learning objects (digital learning materials with independent identities) be implemented with the

Ana M. B. Pavani

2010-01-01

452

Union types for object-oriented programming  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose union types for statically typed class-based object- oriented languages as a means to enhance the ?exibility of subtyping. As its name suggests, a union type can be con- sidered a set union of instances of several types and behaves as their least common supertype. It also plays the role of an interface that 'factors out' commonality of given

Atsushi Igarashi; Hideshi Nagira

2006-01-01

453

Unionizing: A Guide for Child Care Workers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Including excerpts from contracts protecting unionized child care workers, this booklet explains basic terminology and facts about unionizing and addresses child care workers' concerns. Section 1 answers commonly asked questions about unions and offers advice about how to answer parents' questions about workers' attempts to organize. Section 2…

Whitebook, Marcy; And Others

454

Teacher Union Contracts and High School Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Are teachers unions and collective bargaining agreements barriers to high school reform and redesign efforts in Washington, California, and Ohio? The short answer: sometimes, but not as often as many educators seem to think. Rather than wade into the pro- versus anti-union debate, this report instead aims to offer guidance for educators, unions,…

Price, Mitch

2009-01-01

455

Portfolio Optimization for Multiple Group Credit Unions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Recently passed legislation (H.R. 1151 Credit Union Membership Access Act) permits credit unions to add new select employee groups (SEGs) to their fields of membership. The field of membership defines the members served by a credit union. Given this new a...

J. B. Willis

1999-01-01

456

The First Attempts to Unionize the Faculty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background/Context: Faculty unionization is an important topic in modern higher education, but the history of the phenomenon has not yet been fully considered. This article brings together issues of professionalization and unionization and provides needed historical background to ongoing unionization efforts and debates.…

Cain, Timothy Reese

2010-01-01

457

Union-Management Cooperation. Structure, Process, Impact.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for students, practitioners, policymakers, and academicians in personnel and industrial relations, this book presents findings of a 5-year study of joint union-management programs to improve productivity. Chapter 1 underscores the growth and importance of union-management cooperation and discusses union and management attitudes toward…

Schuster, Michael H.

458

The effect of unionism on fringe benefits  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study analyzes the impact of unionism on fringes paid to production workers, using data on individual establishments. It compares fringe expenditures in establishments having the same level of compensation per hour and finds that unionism raises the share of compensation allotted to fringes, particularly to pensions, vacation pay, and life, accident, and health insurance. In addition, since unionism also

Richard B. Freeman

1981-01-01

459

Development of Wind Energy in European Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nowadays, the European Union and the world as a whole find themselves in front of a crossroad concerning the future of the energy. Today's environmental policies are largely devoted to fostering the development and implementation in European Union of renewable energy technologies. This paper analyses the wind energy development in European Union in terms of legislative framework, wind potential and

D. ANDREEA ZAMFIR

2007-01-01

460

Ribosomal Database Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Michigan State University's Center for Microbial Ecology hosts the Ribosomal Database Project (RDP), offering "ribosome related data services to the scientific community, including online data analysis, rRNA derived phylogenetic trees, and aligned and annotated rRNA sequences." Data, which may be used "for your own non-commercial research purposes," include Organism lists, Sequences (unaligned), Sequence alignments, and Phylogenetic trees; to download data, click on Download Area.

461

National Tourism Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Developed by the Michigan State University Extension Tourism Area of Expertise and the National Tourism Education Design Team, this site contains information on numerous resources related to tourism education, including bulletins, research reports, videos, and training programs. Nearly 100 of the documents featured are full-text. Users can browse the database by topic or browse or search by keyword. A separate list of the full-text publications is also provided. A useful site for students and professionals in the tourism industry.

462

12 CFR 704.3 - Corporate credit union capital.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...CREDIT UNIONS CORPORATE CREDIT UNIONS § 704.3 Corporate credit union capital. (a) Capital plan. A corporate credit union must develop and ensure implementation...and long-term capital goals, objectives, and strategies...

2010-01-01

463

12 CFR 704.3 - Corporate credit union capital.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...CREDIT UNIONS CORPORATE CREDIT UNIONS § 704.3 Corporate credit union capital. (a) Capital plan. A corporate credit union must develop and ensure implementation...and long-term capital goals, objectives, and strategies...

2009-01-01

464

40. August, 1970 VIEW OF UNION STREET WITH ELISHA GREEN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

40. August, 1970 VIEW OF UNION STREET WITH ELISHA GREEN HOUSE (9 UNION STREET) AT LEFT - Orange & Union Streets Neighborhood Study, 8-31 Orange Street, 9-21 Union Street & Stone Alley, Nantucket, Nantucket County, MA

465

Landscape of current toxicity databases and database standards.  

PubMed

Having readily available historical information for modeling toxicity has become important throughout the various stages of research and development. The high cost of late-phase attrition and recent international regulatory legislations have made even more acute the need to be able to mine the fragmented data and information available across diverse databases. In addition, the general trend to accelerate regulatory processes globally makes the effective use of existing data an imperative. To achieve efficient screening, develop profiles and gain the ability to cross reference, databases must be interoperated to allow data exchange and integration. Several database standards and controlled vocabulary initiatives have been used in the development of toxicity data models to transform the current landscape. This review describes the major databases of toxicological information now available, and provides a simple example of standardization that demonstrates the benefits of a toxicity database containing such qualified data. PMID:16445125

Yang, Chihae; Benz, R Daniel; Cheeseman, Mitchell A

2006-01-01

466

Probability Model Based Hidden Databases Sampling Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

A great portion of data on the Web lies in the hidden databases of the deep Web. These databases can only be accessed through the query interfaces. Efficient and uniform data sampling approach is very important to other research work, for the data samples can give insight into the data quality, freshness and size information in the databases. However, the

Jian-Wei Tian; Shi-Jun Li; Qi Lu

2008-01-01

467

DECOMPOSITIONAL ODOR ANALYSIS DATABASE - PHASE I  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study, conducted at the University of Tennessee's Anthropological Research Facility (ARF), describes the development of the Decompositional Odor Analysis (D.O.A.) Database and seeks to establish the chemical basis for canine's scenting ability when detecting human remains. This database is composed of chemicals that are liberated during the decompositional process from buried human remains. This 'living' database currently spans the

Arpad A. Vass; Rob R. Smith; Cyril V. Thompson; Michael N. Burnett; Dennis A. Wolf; Jennifer A. Synstelien; Brian A. Eckenrode

468

The role of cryptography in database security  

Microsoft Academic Search

In traditional database security research, the database is usually assumed to be trustworthy. Under this assumption, the goal is to achieve security against external attacks (e.g. from hackers) and possibly also against users trying to obtain information beyond their privileges, for instance by some type of statistical inference. However, for many database applications such as health information systems there exist

Ueli M. Maurer

2004-01-01

469

The Character of American Workers: Psychological Predictors of Union Interest as Tools for American Union Practitioners  

Microsoft Academic Search

To aid American union practitioners in the selection of winnable worksites in unionization elections, we identified predictors\\u000a of union interest from psychological perspectives that bear on the character of American workers. Using perceived union instrumentality\\u000a as a standard to determine the prediction status of new psychological predictors of union interest, a cognitive version of\\u000a self-enhancement (overconfidence in rating one’s skills

Steven Mellor; Leslie M. Golay; Michael D. Tuller

470

Database systems for knowledge-based discovery.  

PubMed

Several database systems have been developed to provide valuable information from the bench chemist to biologist, medical practitioner to pharmaceutical scientist in a structured format. The advent of information technology and computational power enhanced the ability to access large volumes of data in the form of a database where one could do compilation, searching, archiving, analysis, and finally knowledge derivation. Although, data are of variable types the tools used for database creation, searching and retrieval are similar. GVK BIO has been developing databases from publicly available scientific literature in specific areas like medicinal chemistry, clinical research, and mechanism-based toxicity so that the structured databases containing vast data could be used in several areas of research. These databases were classified as reference centric or compound centric depending on the way the database systems were designed. Integration of these databases with knowledge derivation tools would enhance the value of these systems toward better drug design and discovery. PMID:19727614

Jagarlapudi, Sarma A R P; Kishan, K V Radha

2009-01-01

471

Executive Compensation in American Unions  

Microsoft Academic Search

[Excerpt] Studying compensation in the non-profit sector is difficult. In non-profit organizations, it is not always clear what the objectives of the organization are and, therefore, perhaps even more difficult to consider how to compensate managers. This paper investigates the determinants of executive compensation of leaders of American labor unions. We use panel data on more than 75,000 organization-years of

Kevin F Hallock; Felice Klein

2009-01-01

472

Union formation in fragile families  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we use data from a new longitudinal survey—the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study—to examine union\\u000a formation among unmarried parents who have just had a child together. We used multinomial logistic regression to estimate\\u000a the effects of economic, cultural\\/interpersonal, and other factors on whether (relative to having no romantic relationship)\\u000a parents are romantically involved and living apart,

Marcia Carlson; Sara Mclanahan; Paula England

2004-01-01

473

The human SHOX mutation database.  

PubMed

The human SHOX database has recently been established to provide clinicians and scientists access to a central source of information about all known SHOX mutations associated with short stature phenotypes such as idiopathic short stature, Lèri-Weill dyschondrosteosis, Langer syndrome, and Turner syndrome. So far, the database contains 29 unique intragenic mutations of the SHOX gene. These mutations were detected in a total of 39 patients from different families. Fourteen of these mutations have been found from the SHOX research group at the Institute of Human Genetics in Heidelberg, Germany; 25 mutations are from data reported in the literature. Not included in this database are complete SHOX gene deletions which represent the majority of all detectable SHOX mutations [Rappold et al., 2002]. The database is accessible via the website www.shox.uni-hd.de. It contains general information about the SHOX gene, and allows remote users to search the data and to submit new mutations to the database. PMID:12402330

Niesler, Beate; Fischer, Christine; Rappold, Gudrun A

2002-11-01

474

Association of autism with induced or augmented childbirth in north Carolina birth record (1990-1998) and education research (1997-2007) databases.  

PubMed

IMPORTANCE One in 88 children in the United States is diagnosed as having autism spectrum disorder. Significant interest centers on understanding the environmental factors that may contribute to autism risk. OBJECTIVE To examine whether induced (stimulating uterine contractions prior to the onset of spontaneous labor) and/or augmented (increasing the strength, duration, or frequency of uterine contractions with spontaneous onset of labor) births are associated with increased odds of autism. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS We performed an epidemiological analysis using multivariable logistic regression modeling involving the North Carolina Detailed Birth Record and Education Research databases. The study featured 625?042 live births linked with school records, including more than 5500 children with a documented exceptionality designation for autism. EXPOSURES Induced or augmented births. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES Autism as assessed by exceptionality designations in child educational records. RESULTS Compared with children born to mothers who received neither labor induction nor augmentation, children born to mothers who were induced and augmented, induced only, or augmented only experienced increased odds of autism after controlling for potential confounders related to socioeconomic status, maternal health, pregnancy-related events and conditions, and birth year. The observed associations between labor induction/augmentation were particularly pronounced in male children. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE Our work suggests that induction/augmentation during childbirth is associated with increased odds of autism diagnosis in childhood. While these results are interesting, further investigation is needed to differentiate among potential explanations of the association including underlying pregnancy conditions requiring the eventual need to induce/augment, the events of labor and delivery associated with induction/augmentation, and the specific treatments and dosing used to induce/augment labor (eg, exogenous oxytocin and prostaglandins). PMID:23938610

Gregory, Simon G; Anthopolos, Rebecca; Osgood, Claire E; Grotegut, Chad A; Miranda, Marie Lynn

2013-10-01