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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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Last update: August 15, 2014.
1

LLNL Middle East and North Africa and Former Soviet Union Research Database  

SciTech Connect

The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) Ground-Based Nuclear Explosion Monitoring (GNEM) R and D program has made significant progress populating a comprehensive Seismic Research knowledge Base (SRKB) and deriving calibration parameters for the Middle East and North Africa (ME/NA) and Former Soviet Union (FSU) regions. The LLNL SRKB provides not only a coherent framework in which to store and organize very large volumes of collected seismic waveforms, associated event parameter information, and spatial contextual data, but also provides an efficient data processing/research environment for deriving location and discrimination correction surfaces. The SRKB is a flexible and extensible framework consisting of a relational database (RDB), Geographical Information System (GIS), and associated product/data visualization and data management tools. This SRKB framework is designed to accommodate large volumes of data (over 2 million waveforms from 20,000 events) in diverse formats from many sources in addition to maintaining detailed quality control and metadata. Using the SRKB framework, they are combining travel-time observations, event characterization studies, and regional tectonic models to assemble a library of ground truth information and phenomenology correction surfaces required for support of the ME/NA and FSU regionalization program. Corrections and parameters distilled from the LLNL SRKB provide needed contributions to the DOE Knowledge Base (DOE KB) for the ME/NA and FSU regions and will help improve monitoring for underground nuclear testing. The LLNL research products will facilitate calibration of IMS stations (primary and auxiliary), their surrogates (if not yet installed) and selected gamma stations necessary to complete the above tasks in the ME/NA and FSU regions. They present expanded lookup tables for critical station parameter information (including location and response) and a new integrated and reconciled event catalog dataset including specification of preferred origin solutions and associated phase arrivals for the complete PDE, EDR, CMT, ISC and selected regional catalogs. In addition to an overview of selected datasets and individual research products, they present an overview of their visualization, integration, and organizational processes. Development of these processes and the LLNL SRKB was necessitated by both the very large amount of data and information involved (over 1.5 TB) and the varied data and research result formats utilized. Products contained and organized within the LLNL SRKB are grouped in 5 major categories: (1) Reference contextual information and lookup tables; (2) Ground truth and regionalization data; (3) Event location products; (4) Event identification products; and (5) Visualization and data manipulation processes.

O'Boyle, J.L.; Ruppert, S.D.; Hauk, T.F.; Dodge, D.; Firpo, M.

2000-07-14

2

Payment Systems Research Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago provides this banking industry database for the "convenience of financial services industry researchers and executives." The Payment Systems Research Database is both browseable and searchable by general reference, payment instrument, public policy, or research topic. Each entry includes a brief bibliographic citation with links to full-text articles where available.

3

Federal Pain Research Database Launched  

MedlinePLUS

... Release: Tuesday, May 27, 2014 Federal pain research database launched Multi-agency effort combines pain research information in easy-to-use database The Interagency Pain Research Portfolio (IPRP), a database ...

4

Trade Unions and Social Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These 15 papers originate from a conference that brought together researchers and trade unionists from a number of countries to examine the potential for a more democratic, active, and participative form of collaboration or "research as engagement." The first half contains chapters that explore, theoretically, the nature of research within a…

Forrester, Keith, Ed.; Thorne, Colin, Ed.

5

European Union vaccine research--an overview.  

PubMed

Recent developments in vaccine research provide new momentum for an important area in health innovation. Particularly interesting are novel DNA vaccine approaches, many of which are already under clinical investigation. The Framework Programmes of the European Union play an important role in supporting collaborative efforts in vaccine research to develop new and better vaccines and bring them to the market. With a timely strategic reorientation towards a sustainable investment in innovation, the current seventh Framework Programme will help to bring large industry and small and medium-sized enterprises (SME) on board and foster partnership between stakeholders. As the first human DNA vaccines progresses through the development pipeline, more and more questions revolve around licensing and regulation and appropriate guidelines are being developed. PMID:21195799

Sautter, Jürgen; Olesen, Ole F; Bray, Jeremy; Draghia-Akli, Ruxandra

2011-09-01

6

Research Topics in Statistical Database Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report identifies research topics in statistical database management. These topics are grouped into four major areas: characteristics of statistical databases, functionality\\/usage, metadata, and logical models.

Dorothy E. Denning; Wesley Nicholson; Gordon Sande; Arie Shoshani

1983-01-01

7

The Asilomar report on database research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The database research community is rightly proud of success in basic research, and its remarkable record of technology transfer. Now the field needs to radically broaden its research focus to attack the issues of capturing, storing, analyzing, and presenting the vast array of online data. The database research community should embrace a broader research agenda — broadening the definition of

Philip A. Bernstein; Michael L. Brodie; Stefano Ceri; David J. DeWitt; Michael J. Franklin; Hector Garcia-Molina; Jim Gray; Jerry Held; Joseph M. Hellerstein; H. V. Jagadish; Michael Lesk; David Maier; Jeffrey F. Naughton; Hamid Pirahesh; Michael Stonebraker; Jeffrey D. Ullman

1998-01-01

8

A Video Database Management System for Advancing Video Database Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The most useful environments for advancing research and development in video databases are those that provide complete video database management, including (1) video preprocessing for content representation and indexing, (2) storage management for video, metadata and indices, (3) image and semantic -based query processing, (4) real- time buffer management, and (5) continuous media streaming. Such environments support the entire process

Walid G. Aref; Ann Christine Catlin; Jianping Fan; Ahmed K. Elmagarmid; Moustafa A. Hammad; Ihab F. Ilyas; Mirette S. Marzouk; Xingquan Zhu

2002-01-01

9

Database Support for Research in Public Administration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the extent to which databases support student and faculty research in the area of public administration. A list of journals in public administration, public policy, political science, public budgeting and finance, and other related areas was compared to the journal content list of six business databases. These databases

Tucker, James Cory

2005-01-01

10

Research on Heterogeneous Database Transformation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Access, MySQL, SQL Server and Oracle9i databases are studyed in this paper. Aiming at the characteristics of data types in heterogeneous database, simple but flexible data types matching method is proposed. In the environment of C#.Net, using standard SQL language and binary text file as intermediate data file, heterogeneous database import-and-export system is developped, which is relatively independent to individual

Zhou Shudao; Zhu Guotao; Wang Yanjie; Shen Ye; Liu Zanyi

2011-01-01

11

Reforming Educational Reform: Teachers' Union Leading Teacher Research in Chile  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The teacher research movement in Chile has, historically, been an expression of the profession's concerns with the ways in which schooling reproduces and produces the social order in the broader society. The work currently done by members of the union's Pedagogical Movement is described, showing the connections between the scope of problems…

Montecinos, Carmen

2009-01-01

12

Nonlinear dynamics research in the former Soviet Union  

SciTech Connect

This assessment of nonlinear dynamics research in the former Soviet Union was performed by seven US scientists and engineers active in the fields examined. The topics covered include: solid-state systems and circuits, information theory and signal analysis, chaos in mechanical systems, turbulence and vortex dynamics, ocean processes, image processing, and lasers and nonlinear optics. The field of nonlinear dynamics and chaos blossomed in academic settings in both the West and the former Soviet Union during the 1980s. The field went from mathematical abstraction to interesting engineering application areas. Several generalizations can be drawn from the review of Soviet work: Soviet work generally began earlier than Western work, and, in areas that do not require extensive computational resources, that work has kept up with, and often leads, the West. This is especially true in the mathematical analysis of nonlinear phenomena. Soviet researchers have shown an ability to combine numerical or analytic ideas with laboratory experimentation in a smoother, less erratic fashion than Western researchers. Furthermore, contrary to Western practice, the same researchers often do both theoretical and experimental work. In areas that require numerical verification of ideas in the field, the Western work is leading that of the former Soviet Union. This is especially true in the areas of signal processing, simulations of turbulence, and communications. No evidence was found of any significant penetration of ideas of nonlinear dynamics into technological applications of a military or commercial area in the former Soviet Union. Opportunities abound, but specific applications are not apparent.

McKenney, B.L.; Krafsig, J. [eds.] [Science Applications International Corp., McLean, VA (United States); Abarbanel, H.D.I. [California Univ., San Diego, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics; Abraham, N.B. [Bryn Mawr Coll., Pittsburgh, PA (United States). Dept. of Physics; Fraser, A.M. [Portland State Univ., OR (United States); Moon, F.C. [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States). Sibley School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering; Novikov, E.A. [Univ. of California, San Diego, CA (United States). Inst. of Nonlinear Science; Pecora, L.M. [US Naval Research Lab., Washington, DC (United States); Shlesinger, M.F. [Office of Naval Research, Washington, DC (United States)

1992-08-01

13

Correlates of Access to Business Research Databases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines potential correlates of business research database access through academic libraries serving top business programs in the United States. Results indicate that greater access to research databases is related to enrollment in graduate business programs, but not to overall enrollment or status as a public or private institution.…

Gottfried, John C.

2010-01-01

14

Public health research systems in the European union  

PubMed Central

Background Strengthening health research is an important objective for international health organisations, but there has been less attention to support for health research in Europe. We describe the public-health (population and organisational level) research systems in the 27 European Union countries. Methods We developed a typology for describing health research structures based on funding streams and strategies. We drew data from internet sources and asked country informants to review these for consistency and completeness. The structures were described as organograms and narratives in country profiles for each of the 27 EU member states. National public-health research structures included public and independent funding organisations, 'mixed' institutions (which receive funds, and both use and allocate them) and provider institutions. Results Most health research is funded through ministries of science or science councils (and sometimes foundations), while parliaments and regions may also contribute. National institutes of public health are usually funded by ministries of health. Many national research organisations both determine research programmes and undertake health research, but there is a move towards public-health sciences within the universities, and a transition from internal grants to competitive funding. Of 27 national research strategies, 17 referred to health and 11 to public health themes. Although all countries had strategies for public health itself, we found little coherence in public-health research programmes. The European Commission has country contact points for both EU research and health programmes, but they do not coordinate with national health-research programmes. Conclusions Public-health research is broadly distributed across programmes in EU countries. Better understanding of research structures, programmes and results would improve recognition for public health in Europe, and contribute to practice. EU ministries of health should give greater attention to national public-health research strategies and programmes, and the European Union and the World Health Organisation can provide coordination and support.

2011-01-01

15

Subject Specific Databases: A Powerful Research Tool  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Subject specific databases, or vortals (vertical portals), are databases that provide highly detailed research information on a particular topic. They are the smallest, most focused search tools on the Internet and, in recent years, they've been on the rise. Currently, more of the so-called "mainstream" search engines, subject directories, and…

Young, Terrence E., Jr.

2004-01-01

16

Scientists Report New Online Cancer Research Databases  

Cancer.gov

Like the old saying "art for art's sake," most medical researchers once believed that creating large computer databases of known genes or DNA sequences was a case of gathering information for the sake of gathering information.

17

What Do Unions Do for Women? Research-in-Brief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although union membership has been declining overall, the number of women union members continues to increase. Currently, 37 percent of union membership are women. The proportion of women workers who are union members increased from 16.3 percent in 1965 to 19.3 percent in 1975 and fell to 14 percent in 1990; 7.4 million women were represented by…

Braunstein, Jill; And Others

18

University of Washington: Database Research Group  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Washington's Database Research Group âÂÂis focused on broadening the scope of database and data management techniques beyond their traditional scope.â Its work focuses on databases and the Web, XML, data management for ubiquitous computing, data integration, and data mining. For example, the Mangrove project seeks to facilitate the move to the semantic Web by creating âÂÂan environment in which users are motivated to create semantic content because of the existence of useful semantic services.â The various projects are described on this website along with related publications, which are available to download.

19

[A specialistic database on research evaluation].  

PubMed

The evaluation of scientific research is an internationally wide debated subject but it is not well established in Italy so far. The need for evaluation practices sets up both to assess and verify the scientific production as well as the efficiency of the research process and, on the other side, for the assessment of resources and funds in the wider framework of research policies. This study illustrates the contents and structures of a specialistic database, published on the web, addressed to a specific target of users. The database has been designed to contribute to spread information on the evaluation practices, theory, disciplines and the big debate on science evaluation. PMID:15098566

Conti, Susanna; Solimini, Renata; Toccaceli, Virgilia

2003-01-01

20

Databases and QSAR for Cancer Research  

PubMed Central

In this review, we take a survey of bioinformatics databases and quantitative structure-activity relationship studies reported in published literature. Databases from the most general to special cancer-related ones have been included. Most commonly used methods of structure-based analysis of molecules have been reviewed, along with some case studies where they have been used in cancer research. This article is expected to be of use for general bioinformatics researchers interested in cancer and will also provide an update to those who have been actively pursuing this field of research.

Malik, Adeel; Singh, Hemajit; Andrabi, Munazah; Husain, Syed Akhtar; Ahmad, Shandar

2006-01-01

21

Maintaining Research Documents with Database Management Software.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses taking notes for research projects and organizing them into card files; reviews the literature on personal filing systems; introduces the basic process of database management; and offers a plan for managing research notes. Describes field groups and field definitions, data entry, and creating reports. (LRW)

Harrington, Stuart A.

1999-01-01

22

Spatial Databases - Accomplishments and Research Needs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spatial databases, addressing the growing data management and analysis needs of spatial applications such as geographic information systems, have been an active area of research for more than two decades. This research has produced a taxonomy of models for space, spatial data types and operators, spatial query languages and processing strategies, as well as spatial indexes and clustering techniques. However,

Shashi Shekhar; Sanjay Chawla; Sivakumar Ravada; Andrew Fetterer; Xuan Liu; Chang-tien Lu

1999-01-01

23

Nucleic Acids Research annual Database Issue and the NAR online Molecular Biology Database Collection in 2009  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current issue of Nucleic Acids Research includes descriptions of 179 databases, of which 95 are new. These databases (along with several molecular biology databases described in other journals) have been included in the Nucleic Acids Research online Molecular Biology Database Collection, bringing the total number of databases in the collection to 1170. In this introductory comment, we briefly describe

M. Y. Galperin; Guy Cochrane

2009-01-01

24

Biomedical journals and databases in Russia and Russian language in the former Soviet Union and beyond  

PubMed Central

In the 20th century, Russian biomedical science experienced a decline from the blossom of the early years to a drastic state. Through the first decades of the USSR, it was transformed to suit the ideological requirements of a totalitarian state and biased directives of communist leaders. Later, depressing economic conditions and isolation from the international research community further impeded its development. Contemporary Russia has inherited a system of medical education quite different from the west as well as counterproductive regulations for the allocation of research funding. The methodology of medical and epidemiological research in Russia is largely outdated. Epidemiology continues to focus on infectious disease and results of the best studies tend to be published in international periodicals. MEDLINE continues to be the best database to search for Russian biomedical publications, despite only a small proportion being indexed. The database of the Moscow Central Medical Library is the largest national database of medical periodicals, but does not provide abstracts and full subject heading codes, and it does not cover even the entire collection of the Library. New databases and catalogs (e.g. Panteleimon) that have appeared recently are incomplete and do not enable effective searching.

Vlassov, Vasiliy V; Danishevskiy, Kirill D

2008-01-01

25

Complex Carbohydrate Research Center Spectral Databases  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Dr. William York of the Complex Carbohydrate Research Center has created these two databases with scientific input from others at the University of Georgia. The Xyloglucan NMR Database consists of a searchable table of the ?H-NMR chemical shifts of xyloglucan oligoglycosyl alditols. Xyloglucans are highly branched polymers with a cellulosic backbone (i.e., consisting of b-(1,4)-linked D-glucosyl residues). The basis for the most commonly used nomenclature for xyloglucan structures comes from the linear array of glycosyl side chains that many of the backbone residues bear. The Partially Methylated Alditol Acetate (PMAA) Database shows the molecular structures of PMAAs derived from Hexopyranosyl, Pentopyranosyl, and Pentofuranosyl Residues. Users view the structures by gliding the mouse over a table. The PMAA Database also says that electron-impact mass spectra are available, but at the time of publication, these links weren't working. The Xyloglucan database comes with overviews, search guides, and nomenclature information. The PMAA database has a help page. Both require a free login.

York, William ..

2001-01-01

26

National Research Council of Canada's Expertise Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Canada's National Research Council (NRC) offers this database for locating over 1,000 experts in a variety of fields. Users input keywords such as "genetic engineering" to receive back a list of names of experts, the group with whom they are affiliated, and a link to the NRC department where they work. By clicking on the researcher's name, users can find more specific contact information and areas of specialization.

27

NATIVE HEALTH DATABASES: NATIVE HEALTH RESEARCH DATABASE (NHRD)  

EPA Science Inventory

The Native Health Databases contain bibliographic information and abstracts of health-related articles, reports, surveys, and other resource documents pertaining to the health and health care of American Indians, Alaska Natives, and Canadian First Nations. The databases provide i...

28

Parallel processing research in the former Soviet Union  

SciTech Connect

This technical assessment report examines strengths and weaknesses of parallel processing research and development in the Soviet Union from the 1980s to June 1991. The assessment was carried out by panel of US scientists who are experts on parallel processing hardware, software, algorithms, and applications, and on Soviet computing. Soviet computer research and development organizations have pursued many of the major avenues of inquiry related to parallel processing that the West has chosen to explore. But, the limited size and substantial breadth of their effort have limited the collective depth of Soviet activity. Even more serious limitations (and delays) of Soviet achievement in parallel processing research can be traced to shortcomings of the Soviet computer industry, which was unable to supply adequate, reliable computer components. Without the ability to build, demonstrate, and test embodiments of their ideas in actual high-performance parallel hardware, both the scope of activity and the success of Soviet parallel processing researchers were severely limited. The quality of the Soviet parallel processing research assessed varied from very sound and interesting to pedestrian, with most of the groups at the major hardware and software centers to which the work is largely confined doing good (or at least serious) research. In a few instances, interesting and competent parallel language development work was found at institutions not associated with hardware development efforts. Unlike Soviet mainframe and minicomputer developers, Soviet parallel processing researchers have not concentrated their efforts on reverse- engineering specific Western systems. No evidence was found of successful Soviet attempts to use breakthroughs in parallel processing technology to leapfrog'' impediments and limitations that Soviet industrial weakness in microelectronics and other computer manufacturing areas impose on the performance of high-end Soviet computers.

Dongarra, J.J.; Snyder, L.; Wolcott, P.

1992-03-01

29

Parallel processing research in the former Soviet Union  

SciTech Connect

This technical assessment report examines strengths and weaknesses of parallel processing research and development in the Soviet Union from the 1980s to June 1991. The assessment was carried out by panel of US scientists who are experts on parallel processing hardware, software, algorithms, and applications, and on Soviet computing. Soviet computer research and development organizations have pursued many of the major avenues of inquiry related to parallel processing that the West has chosen to explore. But, the limited size and substantial breadth of their effort have limited the collective depth of Soviet activity. Even more serious limitations (and delays) of Soviet achievement in parallel processing research can be traced to shortcomings of the Soviet computer industry, which was unable to supply adequate, reliable computer components. Without the ability to build, demonstrate, and test embodiments of their ideas in actual high-performance parallel hardware, both the scope of activity and the success of Soviet parallel processing researchers were severely limited. The quality of the Soviet parallel processing research assessed varied from very sound and interesting to pedestrian, with most of the groups at the major hardware and software centers to which the work is largely confined doing good (or at least serious) research. In a few instances, interesting and competent parallel language development work was found at institutions not associated with hardware development efforts. Unlike Soviet mainframe and minicomputer developers, Soviet parallel processing researchers have not concentrated their efforts on reverse- engineering specific Western systems. No evidence was found of successful Soviet attempts to use breakthroughs in parallel processing technology to ``leapfrog`` impediments and limitations that Soviet industrial weakness in microelectronics and other computer manufacturing areas impose on the performance of high-end Soviet computers.

Dongarra, J.J.; Snyder, L.; Wolcott, P.

1992-03-01

30

A Database for Handwritten Text Recognition Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

An image database for handwritten text recognition research is described. Digital images of approximately 5000 city names, 5000 state names, 10000 ZIP Codes, and 50000 alphanumeric characters are included. Each image was scanned from mail in a working post office at 300 pixels\\/in in 8-bit gray scale on a high-quality flat bed digitizer. The data were unconstrained for the writer,

Jonathan J. Hull

1994-01-01

31

Agriculture and European Union Enlargement. An Economic Research Service Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Potential accession of a number of eastern and central European countries into the European Union (EU) seems destined to lead to further reforms of the common Agricultural Policy (CAP). The financial costs of absorbing these countries may be extreme. This...

D. Kelch P. Liapis S. Tangermann T. Josling

1998-01-01

32

CRITTER: A database for managing research animals  

PubMed Central

We describe CRITTER, a computer database program for managing research animals. We designed it especially for institutions which operate health surveillance plans, such as specific pathogen-free schemes. Because CRITTER can be used to record any type of test result in any species of animal, it can be customized to suit each institution and its management protocol. In addition to maintaining a current inventory of each individual animal and its location, the program retains historical information on those that have been removed from the colony. Output summaries are generated by selecting from a menu of standard reports or by designing a custom query. Although CRITTER has been designed for individual research establishments, it could be modified for use in area health surveillance programs. CRITTER operates on IBM compatible computers using a menu-driven, runtime version of Paradox.

Lees, V. Wayne; Lukey, Claire; Orr, Richard

1993-01-01

33

CRITTER: A database for managing research animals.  

PubMed

We describe CRITTER, a computer database program for managing research animals. We designed it especially for institutions which operate health surveillance plans, such as specific pathogen-free schemes. Because CRITTER can be used to record any type of test result in any species of animal, it can be customized to suit each institution and its management protocol. In addition to maintaining a current inventory of each individual animal and its location, the program retains historical information on those that have been removed from the colony. Output summaries are generated by selecting from a menu of standard reports or by designing a custom query. Although CRITTER has been designed for individual research establishments, it could be modified for use in area health surveillance programs. CRITTER operates on IBM compatible computers using a menu-driven, runtime version of Paradox. PMID:17424142

Lees, V W; Lukey, C; Orr, R

1993-01-01

34

The 2013 Nucleic Acids Research Database Issue and the online Molecular Biology Database Collection  

PubMed Central

The 20th annual Database Issue of Nucleic Acids Research includes 176 articles, half of which describe new online molecular biology databases and the other half provide updates on the databases previously featured in NAR and other journals. This year’s highlights include two databases of DNA repeat elements; several databases of transcriptional factors and transcriptional factor-binding sites; databases on various aspects of protein structure and protein–protein interactions; databases for metagenomic and rRNA sequence analysis; and four databases specifically dedicated to Escherichia coli. The increased emphasis on using the genome data to improve human health is reflected in the development of the databases of genomic structural variation (NCBI’s dbVar and EBI’s DGVa), the NIH Genetic Testing Registry and several other databases centered on the genetic basis of human disease, potential drugs, their targets and the mechanisms of protein–ligand binding. Two new databases present genomic and RNAseq data for monkeys, providing wealth of data on our closest relatives for comparative genomics purposes. The NAR online Molecular Biology Database Collection, available at http://www.oxfordjournals.org/nar/database/a/, has been updated and currently lists 1512 online databases. The full content of the Database Issue is freely available online on the Nucleic Acids Research website (http://nar.oxfordjournals.org/).

Fernandez-Suarez, Xose M.; Galperin, Michael Y.

2013-01-01

35

Aggregated Interdisciplinary Databases and the Needs of Undergraduate Researchers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After seeing growing frustration among inexperienced undergraduate researchers searching a popular aggregated interdisciplinary database, the authors questioned whether the leading interdisciplinary databases are serving undergraduates' needs. As a preliminary exploration of this question, the authors queried vendors, analyzed their marketing…

Fister, Barbara; Gilbert, Julie; Fry, Amy Ray

2008-01-01

36

A Union Catalog on CD-ROM: Tool for Resource Sharing? The Houston Area Research Library Consortium CD-ROM Union Catalog Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines the development of the Houston Area Research Library Consortium's CD-ROM union catalog and presents hypotheses on the impact of the union catalog on resource sharing, especially with regard to the University of Houston libraries. Interlibrary loan borrowing is examined, procedures are described, and enhancements are suggested. (two…

Thompson, Linda L.; Horton, Keiko Cho

1992-01-01

37

Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the objective and methodology chosen for the construction of a global emissions source database called EDGAR and the structural design of the database system. The database estimates on a regional and grid basis, 1990 annual emissions of greenhouse gases, and of ozone depleting compounds from all known sources. (LZ)

Olivier, J. G. J.; And Others

1994-01-01

38

The 2010 Nucleic Acids Research Database Issue and online Database Collection: a community of data resources.  

PubMed

The current issue of Nucleic Acids Research includes descriptions of 58 new and 73 updated data resources. The accompanying online Database Collection, available at http://www.oxfordjournals.org/nar/database/a/, now lists 1230 carefully selected databases covering various aspects of molecular and cell biology. While most data resource descriptions remain very brief, the issue includes several longer papers that highlight recent significant developments in such databases as Pfam, MetaCyc, UniProt, ELM and PDBe. The databases described in the Database Issue and Database Collection, however, are far more than a distinct set of resources; they form a network of connected data, concepts and shared technology. The full content of the Database Issue is available online at the Nucleic Acids Research web site (http://nar.oxfordjournals.org/). PMID:19965766

Cochrane, Guy R; Galperin, Michael Y

2010-01-01

39

Incorporating a virtual union catalogue into the wider information environment through the application of middleware : Interoperability issues in cross-database access  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To explore the use of middleware to provide access to a virtual catalogue via Z39.50, allowing its integration with other services. To consider issues arising from the cross-database search process and the problem of interoperability between systems. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Middleware was used to establish a Z39.50 server for an existing virtual union catalogue, InforM25. The Copac physical union

Shirley Cousins; Ashley Sanders

2006-01-01

40

How Europe Shapes Academic Research: Insights from Participation in European Union Framework Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the effects of participating in European Union Framework Programmes (EUFPs) at the level of research units and researchers. We consider EUFPs as policy instruments that contribute to the Europeanisation of academic research and study the changes they produce with respect to: 1) the organisation and activities of Departments,…

Primeri, Emilia; Reale, Emanuela

2012-01-01

41

Research resource: the Endometrium Database Resource (EDR).  

PubMed

In order to understand the biology of the endometrium and potentially develop new diagnostic tools and treatments for endometrial diseases, the highly orchestrated gene expression/regulation that occurs within the uterus must first be understood. Even though a wealth of information on endometrial gene expression/regulation is available, this information is scattered across several different resources in formats that can be difficult for the average bench scientist to query, integrate, and utilize. The Endometrium Database Resource (EDR) was created as a single evolving resource for protein- and micro-RNA-encoding genes that have been shown by gene expression microarray, Northern blot, or other experiments in the literature to have their expression regulated in the uterus of humans, mice, rats, cows, domestic pigs, guinea pigs, and sheep. Genes are annotated in EDR with basic gene information (eg, gene symbol and chromosome), gene orthologs, and gene ontologies. Links are also provided to external resources for publication/s, nucleic and amino acid sequence, gene product function, and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) phase expression graph information. The resource also allows for direct comparison of relative gene expression in different microarray experiments for genes shown in the literature to be differentially expressed in the uterus. It is available via a user-friendly, web-based interface and is available without charge or restriction to the entire scientific community. The EDR can be accessed at http://edr.research.bcm.edu. PMID:23340253

Darlington, Yolanda; Jeong, Jae-Wook; Lee, Kevin Y; Franco, Heather L; Chen, Edward S; McOwiti, Apollo; Mistretta, Toni-Ann; Steffen, David; Becnel, Lauren; DeMayo, Francesco J

2013-03-01

42

Research Resource: The Endometrium Database Resource (EDR)  

PubMed Central

In order to understand the biology of the endometrium and potentially develop new diagnostic tools and treatments for endometrial diseases, the highly orchestrated gene expression/regulation that occurs within the uterus must first be understood. Even though a wealth of information on endometrial gene expression/regulation is available, this information is scattered across several different resources in formats that can be difficult for the average bench scientist to query, integrate, and utilize. The Endometrium Database Resource (EDR) was created as a single evolving resource for protein- and micro-RNA-encoding genes that have been shown by gene expression microarray, Northern blot, or other experiments in the literature to have their expression regulated in the uterus of humans, mice, rats, cows, domestic pigs, guinea pigs, and sheep. Genes are annotated in EDR with basic gene information (eg, gene symbol and chromosome), gene orthologs, and gene ontologies. Links are also provided to external resources for publication/s, nucleic and amino acid sequence, gene product function, and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) phase expression graph information. The resource also allows for direct comparison of relative gene expression in different microarray experiments for genes shown in the literature to be differentially expressed in the uterus. It is available via a user-friendly, web-based interface and is available without charge or restriction to the entire scientific community. The EDR can be accessed at http://edr.research.bcm.edu.

Darlington, Yolanda; Jeong, Jae-Wook; Lee, Kevin Y.; Franco, Heather L.; Chen, Edward S.; McOwiti, Apollo; Mistretta, Toni-Ann; Steffen, David; DeMayo, Francesco J.

2013-01-01

43

Pew Research Center: Labor Unions Seen as Good for Workers, Not U.S. Competitiveness  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Pew Research Center for the People & The Press group released this 18-page report on February 17, 2011. The material for the report on the public's perception of unions was gathered during between February 2-7, and in the poll (which surveyed 1385 adults), it was discovered that there was little or no difference regarding opinions about private and public sector unions. Interestingly, the favorability rating for labor unions overall remains at the lowest level in a quarter century with 45% of those polled expressing a positive view of these institutions. This survey also notes that there has been little change since the mid-1990s in public support for labor unions in dispute with businesses. Interested parties should definitely read the entire report, which also contains a number of detailed charts and tables that present other findings from this work.

44

NIST Crystallographic Databases for Research and Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The NIST Crystal and Electron Diffraction Data Center builds a comprehensive database with evaluated chemical, physical, and crystallographic information on all types of well-characterized substances. The data are evaluated and standardized by specially d...

A. D. Mighell V. L. Karen

1996-01-01

45

A new database on basic research in homeopathy  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new database on ‘Basic Research on Homeopathy’ has been established. It contains research on biological systems and physico-chemical effects of the succussion process. It is aimed at the elucidation of the working mechanism of the homeopathic similia principle following application of low doses and potencies of substances. By the end of 2000, this database included 829 experiments in 782

H Albrecht; R van Wijk; S Dittloff

2002-01-01

46

Using Databases and Web Resources for Glycomics Research  

PubMed Central

Many databases of carbohydrate structures and related information can be found on the World Wide Web. This review covers the major carbohydrate databases that have potential utility for glycoscientists and researchers entering the glycosciences. The first half provides a brief overview of carbohydrate databases and web resources (including a history of carbohydrate databases and carbohydrate notations used in these databases), and the second half provides a guide that can be used as an index to determine which resources provide the data of most interest to the user.

Aoki-Kinoshita, Kiyoko F.

2013-01-01

47

Using databases and web resources for glycomics research.  

PubMed

Many databases of carbohydrate structures and related information can be found on the World Wide Web. This review covers the major carbohydrate databases that have potential utility for glycoscientists and researchers entering the glycosciences. The first half provides a brief overview of carbohydrate databases and web resources (including a history of carbohydrate databases and carbohydrate notations used in these databases), and the second half provides a guide that can be used as an index to determine which resources provide the data of most interest to the user. PMID:23325765

Aoki-Kinoshita, Kiyoko F

2013-04-01

48

Vocational Education & Training Research Database, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains four issues of a quarterly annotated bibliography of documents and projects in progress from Australia's VOCED database that are available through Australia's National Vocational Education and Training Clearinghouse Information Network. Introductory materials include the following: national, state, territory, and polytechnic…

Hayman, Sarah, Comp.; MacKenzie, Jeanne, Comp.; Adams, Heather, Comp.; Harris, Lee-ann, Comp.

1998-01-01

49

Comparison Shopping of Tax Research Databases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines and compares online sources for primary and secondary federal and state tax information. The criteria used to evaluate the four systems (CCH ACCESS, LEXIS, PHINet, and WESTLAW) include the contents of each database, search features, hardware requirements, software, pricing, availability of CD-ROM, online billing, and network…

Scanlan, Jean M.

1990-01-01

50

Research on sensory interaction in the Soviet Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

Soviet research on sensory interaction is reviewed under the headings of changes in sensory response under accessory stimulation; some conditions affecting sensory interaction; some theory of sensory interaction (discussion of contiguity, neural excitation, leveling and accentuation, intracentral mediation, ionic balance, autonomic nervous system, green receptors, modification of primary conditions, and conditioning). It is concluded that the 24 years of research

Ivan D. London

1954-01-01

51

Business Faculty Research: Satisfaction with the Web versus Library Databases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Business faculty members teaching at undergraduate campuses of the Pennsylvania State University were surveyed in order to assess their satisfaction with free Web sources and with subscription databases for their professional research. Although satisfaction with the Web's ease of use was higher than that for databases, overall satisfaction for…

Dewald, Nancy H.; Silvius, Matthew A.

2005-01-01

52

TOWARDS A DATABASE OF RESEARCH IN STATISTICAL EDUCATION2  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Definitions of research in statistical education are discussed. A system of keywords for categorising statistical education research is outlined. Proposals for a Web-based survey of statistical education researchers to collect details of their research activities in statistical education, and the design of a database to store these details are described. The development of a project to collect information about

FLAVIA JOLLIFFE

2003-01-01

53

Unions for Academic Library Support Staff. Research Bulletin No. 4, Fall 1986.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on the effects of collective bargaining by library clerical workers indicates that effects are often less dramatic than expected, and that there does not appear to be a single "union effect." Although one study found hefty gains for library workers with collective bargaining agreements, other studies have found no significant gains by the…

Kusack, James

54

Forecasting the Labour Markets for Research Scientsits and Engineers in the European Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to assess whether the higher education systems in the Member States of the European Union will produce sufficient numbers of science & technology (S&T) graduates to meet the demands for research scientists and engineers (RSE’s) up to 2002. On the demand side, we distinguish between job openings due to employment growth (expansion demand) and

Philip Marey; Grip A. de; Frank Cörvers

2001-01-01

55

European football and the European union: Governance, participation and social cohesion — towards a policy research agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article considers the changing relationship of European football to the European Union (EU). Given technological, commercial, financial and organizational changes in the political economy of elite European football, and given the application of European law to sports bodies epitomised by the Bosman ruling, this article begins to outline a policy research agenda. Debates within the European Commission have centred

Adam Brown

2000-01-01

56

Recent advances in nano precious metal catalyst research at Union Chemical Laboratories, ITRI  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study illustrates some recent progress of nano precious metal catalyst research at Union Chemical Laboratories (UCL). Nano gold catalyst was prepared by a precipitation method, in which, HAuCl4 was precipitated onto a suspension of the iron hydroxide support, with a low calcination temperature at 453K. The catalysts were highly active with 100% conversion achieved for the oxidation of carbon

Wu-Hsun Cheng; Kao-Ching Wu; Man-Yin Lo; Chiou-Hwang Lee

2004-01-01

57

Multi-Level Steering and Institution Building: The European Union's Approach to Research Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adopting the conception of the university as a primary driver of innovation and economic growth has brought increased pressure for the European Union (EU) to actively steer university-based research policy, despite its being outside of the EU's direct jurisdiction. While the open method of coordination (OMC) was developed for such situations, the…

Young, Mitchell

2012-01-01

58

Climate research in the former Soviet Union. FASAC: Foreign Applied Sciences Assessment Center technical assessment report  

SciTech Connect

This report assesses the state of the art in several areas of climate research in the former Soviet Union. This assessment was performed by a group of six internationally recognized US experts in related fields. The areas chosen for review are: large-scale circulation processes in the atmosphere and oceans; atmospheric radiative processes; cloud formation processes; climate effects of natural atmospheric disturbances; and the carbon cycle, paleoclimates, and general circulation model validation. The study found an active research community in each of the above areas. Overall, the quality of climate research in the former Soviet Union is mixed, although the best Soviet work is as good as the best corresponding work in the West. The best Soviet efforts have principally been in theoretical studies or data analysis. However, an apparent lack of access to modern computing facilities has severely hampered the Soviet research. Most of the issues considered in the Soviet literature are known, and have been discussed in the Western literature, although some extraordinary research in paleoclimatology was noted. Little unusual and exceptionally creative material was found in the other areas during the study period (1985 through 1992). Scientists in the former Soviet Union have closely followed the Western literature and technology. Given their strengths in theoretical and analytical methods, as well as their possession of simplified versions of detailed computer models being used in the West, researchers in the former Soviet Union have the potential to make significant contributions if supercomputers, workstations, and software become available. However, given the current state of the economy in the former Soviet Union, it is not clear that the computer gap will be bridged in the foreseeable future.

Ellingson, R.G.; Baer, F.; Ellsaesser, H.W.; Harshvardhan; Hoffert, M.I.; Randall, D.A.

1993-09-01

59

The LUCAS topsoil database and derived information on the regional variability of cropland topsoil properties in the European Union.  

PubMed

Approximately 20,000 topsoil samples were collected in 25 European Union (EU) Member States (EU-27 except Bulgaria and Romania) with the aim to produce the first coherent pan-European physical and chemical topsoil database, which can serve as baseline information for an EU wide harmonized soil monitoring. The soil sampling was undertaken within the frame of the Land Use/Land Cover Area Frame Survey (LUCAS), a project to monitor changes in the management and character of the land surface of the EU. Soil samples have been analysed for basic soil properties, including particle size distribution, pH, organic carbon, carbonates, NPK, cation exchange capacity (CEC) and multispectral signatures. Preliminary studies show the outstanding potential of the dataset for enhancing the knowledge base on soils in the EU. The current paper provides an introduction to the LUCAS Topsoil 2009 project and provides an example of data applicability for cropland assessment by highlighting initial results for regional and national comparisons. PMID:23371251

Tóth, Gergely; Jones, Arwyn; Montanarella, Luca

2013-09-01

60

LLNL Middle East and North Africa research database  

SciTech Connect

The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Research and Development (CTBT R and D) program has made significant progress populating a comprehensive seismic research database (RDB) for seismic events and derived research products in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Our original ME/NA study region has enlarged and is now defined as an area including the Middle East, Africa, Europe, Southwest Asia, the Former Soviet Union and the Scandinavian/Arctic region. The LLNL RDB will facilitate calibration of all International Monitoring System (IMS) stations (primary and auxiliary) or their surrogates (if not yet installed) as well as a variety of gamma stations. The RDB provides not only a coherent framework in which to store and organize large volumes of collected seismic waveforms and associated event parameter information, but also provides an efficient data processing/research environment for deriving location and discrimination correction sur faces and capabilities. In order to accommodate large volumes of data from many sources with diverse formats the RDB is designed to be flexible and extensible in addition to maintaining detailed quality control information and associated metadata. Station parameters, instrument responses, phase pick information, and event bulletins were compiled and made available through the RDB. For seismic events in the MENA region occurring between 1976 and 1999, we have systematically assembled, quality checked and organized event waveforms; continuous seismic data from 1990 to present are archived for many stations. Currently, over 11,400 seismic events and 1.2 million waveforms are maintained in the RDB and made readily available to researchers. In addition to open sources of seismic data, we have established collaborative relationships with several ME/NA countries that have yielded additional ground truth and broadband waveform data essential for regional calibration and capability studies. Additional data and ground truth from other countries are also currently being sought. Research results, along with descriptive metadata are stored and organized within the LLNL RDB and prepared for delivery and integration into the Department of Energy (DOE) Knowledge Base (KB). Deliverables consist of primary data products (raw materials for calibration) and derived products (distilled from the organized raw seismological data). By combining travel-time observations, event characterization studies, and regional wave-propagation studies of the LLNL CTBT research team for ground truth events and regional events, we have assembled a library of ground truth information, event location correction surfaces, tomographic models and mine explosion histories required to support the ME/NA regionalization program. Corrections and parameters distilled from the LLNL RDB provide needed contributions to the KB for the MENA region and will enable the United States National Data Center (NDC) to effectively verify CTBT compliance. The LLNL portion of the DOE KB supports critical NDC pipeline functions in detection, location, feature extraction, discrimination, and analyst review in the Middle East and North Africa.

Dodge, D; Hauk, T; Moore, R M; O'Boyle, J; Ruppert, S

1999-07-23

61

Report of the International Seminar on Trade Union Documentation and Research Services. (Geneva, 23 October-4 November, 1967).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this international seminar was to facilitate full analysis, especially in regard to developing nations, of the role assigned to the Trade Union Research Service; its work and methods, its organization, and patterns of cooperation with trade union officers and executives responsible for programs of labor education. On the basis of…

International Labour Office, Geneva (Switzerland). International Vocational Training Information and Research Centre.

62

An image database management system for conducting CAD research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The development of image databases for CAD research is not a trivial task. The collection and management of images and their related metadata from multiple sources is a time-consuming but necessary process. By standardizing and centralizing the methods in which these data are maintained, one can generate subsets of a larger database that match the specific criteria needed for a particular research project in a quick and efficient manner. A research-oriented management system of this type is highly desirable in a multi-modality CAD research environment. An online, webbased database system for the storage and management of research-specific medical image metadata was designed for use with four modalities of breast imaging: screen-film mammography, full-field digital mammography, breast ultrasound and breast MRI. The system was designed to consolidate data from multiple clinical sources and provide the user with the ability to anonymize the data. Input concerning the type of data to be stored as well as desired searchable parameters was solicited from researchers in each modality. The backbone of the database was created using MySQL. A robust and easy-to-use interface for entering, removing, modifying and searching information in the database was created using HTML and PHP. This standardized system can be accessed using any modern web-browsing software and is fundamental for our various research projects on computer-aided detection, diagnosis, cancer risk assessment, multimodality lesion assessment, and prognosis. Our CAD database system stores large amounts of research-related metadata and successfully generates subsets of cases that match the user's desired search criteria.

Gruszauskas, Nicholas; Drukker, Karen; Giger, Maryellen L.

2007-03-01

63

Regulatory administrative databases in FDA's Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research: convergence toward a unified database.  

PubMed

Regulatory administrative database systems within the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER) are essential to supporting its core mission, as a regulatory agency. Such systems are used within FDA to manage information and processes surrounding the processing, review, and tracking of investigational and marketed product submissions. This is an area of increasing interest in the pharmaceutical industry and has been a topic at trade association conferences (Buckley 2012). Such databases in CBER are complex, not for the type or relevance of the data to any particular scientific discipline but because of the variety of regulatory submission types and processes the systems support using the data. Commonalities among different data domains of CBER's regulatory administrative databases are discussed. These commonalities have evolved enough to constitute real database convergence and provide a valuable asset for business process intelligence. Balancing review workload across staff, exploring areas of risk in review capacity, process improvement, and presenting a clear and comprehensive landscape of review obligations are just some of the opportunities of such intelligence. This convergence has been occurring in the presence of usual forces that tend to drive information technology (IT) systems development toward separate stovepipes and data silos. CBER has achieved a significant level of convergence through a gradual process, using a clear goal, agreed upon development practices, and transparency of database objects, rather than through a single, discrete project or IT vendor solution. This approach offers a path forward for FDA systems toward a unified database. PMID:23269527

Smith, Jeffrey K

2013-04-01

64

Mapping Health Literacy Research in the European Union: A Bibliometric Analysis  

PubMed Central

Background To examine and compare the research productivity on selected fields related to health literacy of the current members of the European Union, the four candidate countries waiting to join the EU, Norway, Switzerland, and the United States. Methodology/Principal findings A bibliometric analysis (1991–2005). Data sources included papers published by authors from each country separately. The 25 European countries produce less than 1/3 health literacy research when compared to the U.S. (13,710 and 49,523 articles were published by authors with main affiliation in the European Union and the four candidate countries, and the U.S., respectively). The Netherlands and Sweden (followed by Germany, Italy, and France) are the European countries with the highest number of research published in fields related to health literacy. After adjustment for population Sweden, Finland, and Norway, were on the top of the relevant list. In addition, Sweden, Finland, and Ireland, were on the top of the list of countries regarding research productivity on the selected fields after adjustment for gross domestic product (GDP). Conclusions/Significance Inequalities in research published on the topic of health literacy exist among Europe, Norway, Switzerland, and the U.S. More research may need to be done in all areas of health literacy in Europe and the potential detrimental effects of this gap should be further investigated.

Kondilis, Barbara K.; Kiriaze, Ismene J.; Athanasoulia, Anastasia P.; Falagas, Matthew E.

2008-01-01

65

Climate research in the former Soviet Union. Fasac technical assessment report  

SciTech Connect

The report assesses the state of the art in several areas of climate research in the former Soviet Union. This assessment was performed by a group of six internationally recognized US experts in related fields. The areas chosen for review are: large-scale circulation processes in the atmosphere and oceans; atmospheric radiative processes; cloud formation processes; climate effects of natural atmospheric disturbances; and the carbon cycle, paleoclimates, and general circulation model validation. The study found an active research community in each of the above areas.

Ellingson, R.G.; Baer, F.; Ellsaesser, H.W.; Harshvardhan; Hoffert, M.I.

1993-09-01

66

Heterogeneous Biomedical Database Integration Using a Hybrid Strategy: A p53 Cantcer Research Database  

PubMed Central

Complex problems in life science research give rise to multidisciplinary collaboration, and hence, to the need for heterogeneous database integration. The tumor suppressor p53 is mutated in close to 50% of human cancers, and a small drug-like molecule with the ability to restore native function to cancerous p53 mutants is a long-held medical goal of cancer treatment. The Cancer Research DataBase (CRDB) was designed in support of a project to find such small molecules. As a cancer informatics project, the CRDB involved small molecule data, computational docking results, functional assays, and protein structure data. As an example of the hybrid strategy for data integration, it combined the mediation and data warehousing approaches. This paper uses the CRDB to illustrate the hybrid strategy as a viable approach to heterogeneous data integration in biomedicine, and provides a design method for those considering similar systems. More efficient data sharing implies increased productivity, and, hopefully, improved chances of success in cancer research. (Code and database schemas are freely downloadable, http://www.igb.uci.edu/research/research.html.)

Bichutskiy, Vadim Y.; Colman, Richard; Brachmann, Rainer K.; Lathrop, Richard H.

2006-01-01

67

Gas Hydrate Research Database and Web Dissemination Channel  

SciTech Connect

To facilitate advances in application of technologies pertaining to gas hydrates, a United States database containing experimentally-derived information about those materials was developed. The Clathrate Hydrate Physical Property Database (NIST Standard Reference Database {number_sign} 156) was developed by the TRC Group at NIST in Boulder, Colorado paralleling a highly-successful database of thermodynamic properties of molecular pure compounds and their mixtures and in association with an international effort on the part of CODATA to aid in international data sharing. Development and population of this database relied on the development of three components of information-processing infrastructure: (1) guided data capture (GDC) software designed to convert data and metadata into a well-organized, electronic format, (2) a relational data storage facility to accommodate all types of numerical and metadata within the scope of the project, and (3) a gas hydrate markup language (GHML) developed to standardize data communications between 'data producers' and 'data users'. Having developed the appropriate data storage and communication technologies, a web-based interface for both the new Clathrate Hydrate Physical Property Database, as well as Scientific Results from the Mallik 2002 Gas Hydrate Production Research Well Program was developed and deployed at http://gashydrates.nist.gov.

Micheal Frenkel; Kenneth Kroenlein; V Diky; R.D. Chirico; A. Kazakow; C.D. Muzny; M. Frenkel

2009-09-30

68

Key-linked on-line databases for clinical research.  

PubMed

Separating patient identification data from clinical data and/or information about biomaterial samples is an effective data protection measure, especially in clinical research employing "on-line", i.e., web-based, data capture. In this paper, we show that this specialised technique can be generalised into a network architecture of interconnected on-line databases potentially serving a variety of purposes. The basic idea of this approach consists of maintaining logical links, i.e., common record keys, between corresponding data structures in pairs of databases while keeping the actual key values hidden from clients. For client systems, simultaneous access to corresponding records is mediated by temporary access tokens. At the relational level, these links are represented by arbitrary unique record keys common to both databases. This architecture allows for integration of related data in different databases without replicating or permanently sharing this data in one place. Each participating on-line database can determine the degree of integration by specifying linkage keys only for those data structures that may be logically connected to other data. Logical links can de designed for specific use cases. In addition, each database controls user access by enforcing its own authorisation scheme. Another advantage is that individual database owners retain considerable leeway in adapting to changing local requirements without compromising the integration into the network. Beyond protecting individual subject identification data, this architecture permits splitting a cooperatively used data pool to achieve many kinds of objectives. Application examples could be clinical registries needing subject contact information for follow-up, biomaterial banks with or without genetic information, and automatic or assisted integration of data from electronic medical records into research data. PMID:22874246

Müller, Thomas H

2012-01-01

69

Systematically Retrieving Research: A Case Study Evaluating Seven Databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Developing the scientific underpinnings of social welfare requires effective and efficient methods of retrieving relevant items from the increasing volume of research. Method: We compared seven databases by run- ning the nearest equivalent search on each. The search topic was chosen for relevance to social work practice with older people. Results: Highest sensitivity was achieved by Medline (52%), Social

Brian Taylor; Emma Wylie; Martin Dempster; Michael Donnelly

2007-01-01

70

Systematically Retrieving Research: A Case Study Evaluating Seven Databases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Developing the scientific underpinnings of social welfare requires effective and efficient methods of retrieving relevant items from the increasing volume of research. Method: We compared seven databases by running the nearest equivalent search on each. The search topic was chosen for relevance to social work practice with older people.…

Taylor, Brian; Wylie, Emma; Dempster, Martin; Donnelly, Michael

2007-01-01

71

LLNL Middle East and North Africa research database.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) CTBT R(ampersand)D program has made significant progress assembling a comprehensive seismic database (DB) for events and derived parameters in the Middle East and North Africa (ME/NA). The LLNL research DB...

S. D. Ruppert T. F. Hauk R. Leach

1997-01-01

72

Geoscience research databases for coastal Alabama ecosystem management  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Effective management of complex coastal ecosystems necessitates access to scientific knowledge that can be acquired through a multidisciplinary approach involving Federal and State scientists that take advantage of agency expertise and resources for the benefit of all participants working toward a set of common research and management goals. Cooperative geostatic investigations have led toward building databases of fundamental scientific knowledge that can be utilized to manage coastal Alabama's natural and future development. These databases have been used to assess the occurrence and economic potential of hard mineral resources in the Alabama EFZ, and to support oil spill contingency planning and environmental analysis for coastal Alabama.

Hummell, Richard, L.

1995-01-01

73

Concierge: Personal Database Software for Managing Digital Research Resources  

PubMed Central

This article introduces a desktop application, named Concierge, for managing personal digital research resources. Using simple operations, it enables storage of various types of files and indexes them based on content descriptions. A key feature of the software is a high level of extensibility. By installing optional plug-ins, users can customize and extend the usability of the software based on their needs. In this paper, we also introduce a few optional plug-ins: literature management, electronic laboratory notebook, and XooNlps client plug-ins. XooNIps is a content management system developed to share digital research resources among neuroscience communities. It has been adopted as the standard database system in Japanese neuroinformatics projects. Concierge, therefore, offers comprehensive support from management of personal digital research resources to their sharing in open-access neuroinformatics databases such as XooNIps. This interaction between personal and open-access neuroinformatics databases is expected to enhance the dissemination of digital research resources. Concierge is developed as an open source project; Mac OS X and Windows XP versions have been released at the official site (http://concierge.sourceforge.jp).

Sakai, Hiroyuki; Aoyama, Toshihiro; Yamaji, Kazutsuna; Usui, Shiro

2007-01-01

74

The Brain Database: A Multimedia Neuroscience Database for Research and Teaching  

PubMed Central

The Brain Database is an information tool designed to aid in the integration of clinical and research results in neuroanatomy and regional biochemistry. It can handle a wide range of data types including natural images, 2 and 3-dimensional graphics, video, numeric data and text. It is organized around three main entities: structures, substances and processes. The database will support a wide variety of graphical interfaces. Two sample interfaces have been made. This tool is intended to serve as one component of a system that would allow neuroscientists and clinicians 1) to represent clinical and experimental data within a common framework 2) to compare results precisely between experiments and among laboratories, 3) to use computing tools as an aid in collaborative work and 4) to contribute to a shared and accessible body of knowledge about the nervous system.

Wertheim, Steven L.

1989-01-01

75

U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL) multimodal signatures database  

Microsoft Academic Search

The U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL) Multimodal Signatures Database (MMSDB) is a centralized collection of sensor data of various modalities that are co-located and co-registered. The signatures include ground and air vehicles, personnel, mortar, artillery, small arms gunfire from potential sniper weapons, explosives, and many other high value targets. This data is made available to Department of Defense (DoD) and

Kelly Bennett

2008-01-01

76

U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL) multimodal signatures database  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL) Multimodal Signatures Database (MMSDB) is a centralized collection of sensor data of various modalities that are co-located and co-registered. The signatures include ground and air vehicles, personnel, mortar, artillery, small arms gunfire from potential sniper weapons, explosives, and many other high value targets. This data is made available to Department of Defense (DoD) and DoD contractors, Intel agencies, other government agencies (OGA), and academia for use in developing target detection, tracking, and classification algorithms and systems to protect our Soldiers. A platform independent Web interface disseminates the signatures to researchers and engineers within the scientific community. Hierarchical Data Format 5 (HDF5) signature models provide an excellent solution for the sharing of complex multimodal signature data for algorithmic development and database requirements. Many open source tools for viewing and plotting HDF5 signatures are available over the Web. Seamless integration of HDF5 signatures is possible in both proprietary computational environments, such as MATLAB, and Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) computational environments, such as Octave and Python, for performing signal processing, analysis, and algorithm development. Future developments include extending the Web interface into a portal system for accessing ARL algorithms and signatures, High Performance Computing (HPC) resources, and integrating existing database and signature architectures into sensor networking environments.

Bennett, Kelly

2008-05-01

77

Advanced Satellite Research Project: SCAR Research Database. Bibliographic analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The literature search was provided to locate and analyze the most recent literature that was relevant to the research. This was done by cross-relating books, articles, monographs, and journals that relate to the following topics: (1) Experimental Systems - Advanced Communications Technology Satellite (ACTS), and (2) Integrated System Digital Network (ISDN) and Advance Communication Techniques (ISDN and satellites, ISDN standards, broadband ISDN, flame relay and switching, computer networks and satellites, satellite orbits and technology, satellite transmission quality, and network configuration). Bibliographic essay on literature citations and articles reviewed during the literature search task is provided.

Pelton, Joseph N.

1991-01-01

78

Confounding control in healthcare database research: challenges and potential approaches  

PubMed Central

Epidemiologic studies are increasingly used to investigate the safety and effectiveness of medical products and interventions. Appropriate adjustment for confounding in such studies is challenging because exposure is determined by a complex interaction of patient, physician, and healthcare system factors. The challenges of confounding control are particularly acute in studies using healthcare utilization databases where information on many potential confounding factors is lacking and the meaning of variables is often unclear. We discuss advantages and disadvantages of different approaches to confounder control in healthcare databases. In settings where considerable uncertainty surrounds the data or the causal mechanisms underlying the treatment assignment and outcome process, we suggest that researchers report a panel of results under various specifications of statistical models. Such reporting allows the reader to assess the sensitivity of the results to model assumptions that are often not supported by strong subject-matter knowledge.

Brookhart, MA; Sturmer, T; Glynn, RJ; Rassen, J; Schneeweiss, S

2014-01-01

79

Research Repositories-Databases_rev 5-12-04.p65  

Cancer.gov

Research Repositories, Databases, and the HIPAA Privacy Rule Overview Researchers in medical and health-related disci­ plines require access to many sources of health information, from archived medical records and epidemiological databases to disease

80

STEMdex: A Searchable Database of Education Research for Our Community  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

STEMdex is a new resource for the astronomy Education and Outreach community, designed to improve our community’s knowledge of the published literature pertinent to our work. While we all understand that it is important to base our practice on sound research, there are currently 801 peer-reviewed education journals in existence, and members of our community are hard pressed to cover all the published literature. STEMdex consolidates the research relevant to EPO work into a single searchable database, with summaries written by astronomy educators and posted for the entire community to use. The database will ultimately include research across the spectrum of astronomy education, including formal and informal education, outreach, grades K-16, pedagogy, evaluation and many other topics. The site is currently under development, but we have had significant interest from the community, and have a team of 19 EPO professionals and community volunteers from 14 different institutions signed up to contribute to the project. The STEMdex site can be found at stemdex.ipac.caltech.edu.

Brinkworth, Carolyn; Nichols-Yehling, M.; Bartolone, L.; Llamas, J.; Crane, M.; Martin, A.; Wenger, M.; Squires, G. K.; Hurt, R. L.

2014-01-01

81

The FoodCast research image database (FRIDa).  

PubMed

In recent years we have witnessed an increasing interest in food processing and eating behaviors. This is probably due to several reasons. The biological relevance of food choices, the complexity of the food-rich environment in which we presently live (making food-intake regulation difficult), and the increasing health care cost due to illness associated with food (food hazards, food contamination, and aberrant food-intake). Despite the importance of the issues and the relevance of this research, comprehensive and validated databases of stimuli are rather limited, outdated, or not available for non-commercial purposes to independent researchers who aim at developing their own research program. The FoodCast Research Image Database (FRIDa) we present here includes 877 images belonging to eight different categories: natural-food (e.g., strawberry), transformed-food (e.g., french fries), rotten-food (e.g., moldy banana), natural-non-food items (e.g., pinecone), artificial food-related objects (e.g., teacup), artificial objects (e.g., guitar), animals (e.g., camel), and scenes (e.g., airport). FRIDa has been validated on a sample of healthy participants (N = 73) on standard variables (e.g., valence, familiarity, etc.) as well as on other variables specifically related to food items (e.g., perceived calorie content); it also includes data on the visual features of the stimuli (e.g., brightness, high frequency power, etc.). FRIDa is a well-controlled, flexible, validated, and freely available (http://foodcast.sissa.it/neuroscience/) tool for researchers in a wide range of academic fields and industry. PMID:23459781

Foroni, Francesco; Pergola, Giulio; Argiris, Georgette; Rumiati, Raffaella I

2013-01-01

82

Research and implementation for data synchronization of heterogeneous databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aiming at enterprises of different types of heterogeneous database system of joint use and requirement of data in heterogeneous database synchronization problems, the system design and implementation of a context in the Internet, and in SQL Server 2000, Oracle, My SQL database data synchronization of heterogeneous databases with information processing systems. This article describes the actual workflow of the system,

Zhenyou Zhang; Cuifang Lu

2010-01-01

83

Renal Biopsy Research in the Former Soviet Union: Prevention of a Negligent Custom  

PubMed Central

Insufficient international coordination of medical research and partial isolation from the international scientific community can result in repetition of research already performed in other countries. Renal biopsy was broadly used for research in the former Soviet Union. It was performed, sometimes without sufficient clinical indications, in patients with amyloidosis, renovascular hypertension (from both kidneys: on the side of the renal artery stenosis and the contralateral one), chronic alcoholism, and acute and chronic pyelonephritis (intraoperative wedge and core biopsies). In chronic alcoholism, biopsies were taken from kidneys, pancreas, salivary glands, stomach, lung, skin, and liver, sometimes repeatedly. The classification of glomerulonephritis was different from those used internationally, for example, it did not include IgA nephropathy as a separate entity. Several examples of studies based on renal biopsies are discussed in this paper. A conclusion is however optimistic: the upturn in economy enables today to modernize equipment and introduce new methods, while broadening international cooperation facilitates the flow of foreign experience into the country. The purpose of this paper was to prevent inadequate use of renal biopsy in future.

Jargin, Sergei V.

2013-01-01

84

Middle East, North Africa and Western Eurasia Seismic Research Database  

SciTech Connect

The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Ground-Based Nuclear Explosion Monitoring Research and Engineering (GNEM R&E) Program at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) has made significant progress populating a comprehensive Seismic Research Database (SRDB) used for deriving seismic calibration parameters for the Middle East, North Africa and Western Eurasia (ME/NA/WE) regions. In addition to an overview of select individual information products, we present an overview of our visualization, integration, validation, and organizational processes. Development of these processes and the LLNL SRDB was necessitated by both the very large amount of data and information involved (over 15 terabytes) and the varied data and research result formats utilized. The LLNL SRDB allows for the collection of raw and contextual seismic data used in research, provides an interface for researchers to access data, provides a framework to store research results and integrate datasets, and supports assembly, integration and dissemination of datasets to the NNSA Knowledge Base (KB). The LLNL SRDB is a flexible and extensible framework consisting of a relational database (RDB), Geographical Information System (GIS), and associated product/data visualization and data management tools. This framework is designed to accommodate large volumes of data in diverse formats from many sources (both in-house-derived research and integrated contractor products), in addition to maintaining detailed quality control and metadata. In order to efficiently organize information within the LLNL SRDB, it was necessary to automate procedures needed to create and update database tables, but a large effort is still required by technicians and scientists to load special datasets, review results of automated processing and resolve quality issues. The LLNL SRDB currently has 3 million reconciled event origins and arrivals from several global, regional and local seismic bulletins and 30 million waveforms from 570,000 seismic events. We also use the LLNL SRDB for integration and have developed procedures, algorithms, and tools, organized as a tool set called KBITS, which permits datasets to be merged and dataset quality control to be maintained. KBITS can be used to integrate waveform and bulletin data into unified datasets. This suite of tools is now being used by LLNL for content development and by Sandia National Laboratory to assist in creation of the KB. It enables inclusion of data from contractors, universities, and NNSA collaborators for content development and to provide coherent, reconciled and integrated results to the NNSA KB. The SRDB integration framework also supports and facilitates NNSA ROA and BAA projects. The LLNL SRDB provides the basis for synergistic development of all LLNL GNEM R&E Program research. It is not only a coherent framework in which to store and organize very large volumes of collected seismic waveforms, associated event parameter information, and spatial contextual data, but also provides an efficient data processing/research environment for deriving a wide range of information products required to support the ME/NA/WE regionalization program. Products assembled, integrated and validated using the LLNL SRDB are grouped into five main categories: reference and contextual information, detection data, calibration and groundtruth data, event location products and event identification products. Using the LLNL SRDB, we are combining travel-time observations, event characterization studies, and regional tectonic models to assemble a library of ground-truth information and phenomenology (e.g. travel-time and amplitude) correction surfaces. Corrections and parameters distilled from the LLNL SRDB provide essential contributions to the NNSA KB for the ME/NA/WE region and facilitate calibration of seismic monitoring stations, thereby improving capabilities for underground nuclear explosion monitoring.

O'Boyle, J L; Ruppert, S D; Hauk, T F; Dodge, D A; Ganzberger, M D; Ryall, F

2003-07-14

85

LLNL Middle East and North Africa research database  

SciTech Connect

The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) CTBT R{ampersand}D program has made significant progress assembling a comprehensive seismic database (DB) for events and derived parameters in the Middle East and North Africa (ME/NA). The LLNL research DB provides not only a coherent framework in which store and organize large volumes of collected seismic waveforms and associated event parameter information but also provides an efficient data processing/research environment. The DB is designed to be flexible and extensible in order to accommodate the large volumes of data in diverse formats from many sources in addition to maintaining detailed quality control and metadata. Researchers can make use of the relational nature of the DB and interactive analysis tools to quickly and efficiently process large volumes of data. Seismic waveforms have been systematically collected form a wide range of local and regional networks using numerous earthquake bulletins and converted a common format based on CSS3.O while undergoing quality control and corrections of errors. By combining traveltime observations, event characterization studies, and regional wave-propagation studies of the LLNL CTBT team, we are assembling a library of ground truth information and event location correction surfaces required to support the ME/NA regionalization program. Corrections and parameters distilled from the LLNL research DB will provide needed contributions to the DOE knowledge base for the ME/NA region and enable the USNDC and IDC to effectively verify CTBT compliance.

Ruppert, S.D.; Hauk, T.F.; Leach, R.

1997-07-15

86

Application of routine electronic health record databases for pharmacogenetic research.  

PubMed

Inter-individual variability in drug responses is a common problem in pharmacotherapy. Several factors (non-genetic and genetic) influence drug responses in patients. When aiming to obtain an optimal benefit-risk ratio of medicines and with the emergence of genotyping technology, pharmacogenetic studies are important for providing recommendations on drug treatments. Advances in electronic healthcare information systems can contribute to increasing the quality and efficiency of such studies. This review describes the definition of pharmacogenetics, gene selection and study design for pharmacogenetic research. It also summarizes the potential of linking pharmacoepidemiology and pharmacogenetics (along with its strengths and limitations) and provides examples of pharmacogenetic studies utilizing electronic health record databases. PMID:24581153

Yasmina, A; Deneer, V H M; Maitland-van der Zee, A H; van Staa, T P; de Boer, A; Klungel, O H

2014-06-01

87

Research and development of Chinese LCA database and LCA software  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper detailed introduces the related work for building Chinese National Database, Sino-center, of materials life cycle assessment (MLCA) and developing the environmental burden dataset of materials. The MLCA database was built in 2004, and the basic framework mainly includes LCA methodology, materials environmental dataset about energy consumption, resource input and environmental emissions. Nowadays, the database contains about fifty-thousand records

Xianzheng GONG; Zuoren NIE; Zhihong Wang; Tieyong ZUO

2006-01-01

88

Design of a Decentralized Reusable Research Database Architecture to Support Data Acquisition in Large Research Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The diagnostic and therapeutic processes, as well as the development of new treatments, are hindered by the frag- mentation of information which underlies them. In a multi- institutional research study database, the clinical informa- tion system (CIS) contains the primary data input. An important part of the money of large scale clinical studies is often paid for data creation and

Jimison Iavindrasana; Adrien Depeursinge; Patrick Ruch; Stéphane Spahni; Antoine Geissbühler; Henning Müller

2007-01-01

89

Human Nutrition Research and Information Management (HNRIM) System: Database Layout of Files Supplied to NTIS.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Human Nutrition Research and Information Management (HNRIM) database provides information on human nutrition research and research training activities supported in whole or in part by the Federal Government. Subject coverage includes: Sponsoring Organ...

1993-01-01

90

Comparison of CINAHL, EMBASE, and MEDLINE Databases for the Nurse Researcher  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research was to determine which of three databases, CINAHL, EMBASE or MEDLINE, should be accessed when researching nursing topics. The three databases were searched for citations on topics selected by three nurse researchers and the results were compared. For the search of nursing care literature on a medical condition, it was helpful to search both CINAHL

Judy Burnham; Barbara Shearer

1993-01-01

91

Improving customer relationship management through database\\/Internet marketing : A theory-building action research project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Firms have only just begun to use the Internet to obtain customer information in their database marketing processes to enhance customer relationship management. This research uses an action research approach to develop a new framework about how they can do this. The action research project was carried out in a large Australian database company because no other sources of empirical

Chris OLeary; Sally Rao; Chad Perry

2004-01-01

92

Chinese villages and their sustainable future: the European Union-China-Research Project "SUCCESS".  

PubMed

China has 800,000 villages-one person out of seven on the globe is living in a Chinese rural settlement. Yet the global discussions about the situation in China is currently characterised by a disproportionate focus on the development of towns and until now circumstances have generally been neglected in the rural areas, where 70% of the Chinese population is still living. Within the 5 years of the SUCCESS project research, this set of actual problems has been considered and analysed under the principle of sustainability: "What to maintain?" "What to change?" were the overall research questions asked in the SUCCESS project; the researchers were looking for answers under a sustainability regime, respecting the need to raise the quality of life in the villages. Several interweaving processes were used to achieve results: the inter-disciplinary research process between many areas of expertise, the trans-disciplinary process between the researchers and the Chinese villagers, and a negotiation process that made the connection between these two processes. The introduction describes the basic sustainability definition that was orienting the whole study. The innovation lays mostly in the methodology: the inter-disciplinary research co-operation related to practice and to involving the affected communities is needed to manage the significant and growing imbalances between urban and rural areas regarding their sustainability. In the transdisciplinary work, the project developed "village future sentences" that describe the local outcome of the research as one step towards better theoretical understanding of the mechanisms that could lead to a sustainable future, and they also managed to start sustainability processes in the case study sites. The integrated approach of the project helped generating future scenarios for these villages covering all aspects of their development, including urban design issues. Out of these scenarios, the villages developed small projects that could be implemented during the research period. This work made an important impact on community thinking within these villages. However, it can also be seen as contributing to the dramatically changing development process in China, by finding a balance between traditional and contemporary approaches. In particular, the approach demonstrated a new, inter-disciplinary and trans-disciplinary negotiation processes whereby the local knowledge and the expert knowledge find common ground and outcomes. The article follows the hypothesis that only comprehensive concepts can contribute to an upgraded living standard, where living spaces and rural life should be recognised and esteemed in the future as a complement to urban lifestyles within the Chinese society. Innovative knowledge generation-such as the "systemic structure constellation" technique or the systems model approach-helped to bring out latent needs, hopes and potential of the villagers. Besides the practical usage of these implemented projects, the process leading there showed the stakeholders their own fields of action. One major impact of these projects is the visibility of the results, which is crucial for villagers' awareness, their self-confidence and their experience with a successful participation in decision-making processes. Another impact is the potential for replicating results of sustainability-oriented patterns throughout China, especially as three of the villages have been nominated official model villages. Scenarios of a sustainable future for Chinese villages were the objective of the SUCCESS project. The first condition for this future is the question whether they can persist into the future-and to picture the importance of the rural environment and living space as a relevant element of Chinese life that needs to get a better image and more attention from the authorities and from the public opinion. Therefore, the final sentence that the whole research consortium, composed of 17 scientific institutions from European Union and China, agreed upon as a common

Dumreicher, Heidi

2008-04-01

93

Influenza Research Database: an integrated bioinformatics resource for influenza research and surveillance  

PubMed Central

Please cite this paper as: Squires et al. (2012) Influenza research database: an integrated bioinformatics resource for influenza research and surveillance. Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses 6(6), 404–416. Background The recent emergence of the 2009 pandemic influenza A/H1N1 virus has highlighted the value of free and open access to influenza virus genome sequence data integrated with information about other important virus characteristics. Design The Influenza Research Database (IRD, http://www.fludb.org) is a free, open, publicly-accessible resource funded by the U.S. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases through the Bioinformatics Resource Centers program. IRD provides a comprehensive, integrated database and analysis resource for influenza sequence, surveillance, and research data, including user-friendly interfaces for data retrieval, visualization and comparative genomics analysis, together with personal log in-protected ‘workbench’ spaces for saving data sets and analysis results. IRD integrates genomic, proteomic, immune epitope, and surveillance data from a variety of sources, including public databases, computational algorithms, external research groups, and the scientific literature. Results To demonstrate the utility of the data and analysis tools available in IRD, two scientific use cases are presented. A comparison of hemagglutinin sequence conservation and epitope coverage information revealed highly conserved protein regions that can be recognized by the human adaptive immune system as possible targets for inducing cross-protective immunity. Phylogenetic and geospatial analysis of sequences from wild bird surveillance samples revealed a possible evolutionary connection between influenza virus from Delaware Bay shorebirds and Alberta ducks. Conclusions The IRD provides a wealth of integrated data and information about influenza virus to support research of the genetic determinants dictating virus pathogenicity, host range restriction and transmission, and to facilitate development of vaccines, diagnostics, and therapeutics.

Squires, R Burke; Noronha, Jyothi; Hunt, Victoria; Garcia-Sastre, Adolfo; Macken, Catherine; Baumgarth, Nicole; Suarez, David; Pickett, Brett E; Zhang, Yun; Larsen, Christopher N; Ramsey, Alvin; Zhou, Liwei; Zaremba, Sam; Kumar, Sanjeev; Deitrich, Jon; Klem, Edward; Scheuermann, Richard H

2012-01-01

94

The Development of Mobile Melt-Dilute Technology for the Treatment of Former Soviet Union Research Reactor Fuel  

SciTech Connect

On-site application of the MMD process offers an economical method for converting weapons usable Former Soviet Union (FSU) High Enriched Uranium (HEU) research reactor fuel to a safe and secure Low Enriched Uranium (LEU) ingot. The objective of the MMD Project is to develop the mobile melt and dilute technology in preparation for active equipment deployment in the Newly Independent States (NIS) of the FSU.

Adams, T.

2003-10-09

95

Clinical information for research; the use of general practice databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary General practice computers have been widely used in the United Kingdom for the last 10 years and there are over 30 different systems currently available. The commercially available databases are based on two of the most widely used systems - VAMP Medical and Meditel. These databases provide both longitudinal and cross-sectional data on between 1.8 and 4 million patients.

Ross Lawrenson; Tim Williams; Richard Farmer

1999-01-01

96

European Union Students Studying in English Higher Education Institutions. DIUS Research Report 08-09  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to identify the pathways, intentions and relevant perceptions of (non-UK) European Union (EU) students entering English higher education. It sought to identify why students wished to obtain an English HE qualification, their attitudes towards the uptake and repayment of tuition fee loans and their future career plans. Drawing on…

Morris, Marian; Rutt, Simon

2008-01-01

97

Research Note Future trends in life expectancies in the European Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

In all member states of the European Union life expectancy has increased during the last decades. Since 1980 the average annual increase in life expectancy at birth in the EU25 countries has been slightly under 0.2 years. There is general agreement among demographers that life expectancy will continue to rise. There is, however, no agreement how fast and to what

Joop de Beer

98

An Ethical Framework for Stem Cell Research in the European Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

The European Union is a nightmare from the perspective of the ethics and regulation of science. A hitherto insoluble problem has been the task of drafting ethical principles which do not founder on the radically different attitudes taken to the question of the moral status of the human embryo. Following the conclusions reached in an international project, EUROSTEM, we suggest

John Harris; Lisa Bortolotti; Louise Irving

2005-01-01

99

A clinical omics database integrating epidemiology, clinical, and omics data for colorectal cancer translational research  

Microsoft Academic Search

To provide an open translational research platform to narrow the gap between clinical practice and laboratory research of colorectal cancer, we construct a more comprehensive clinical omics database integrating not only clinical and omics data, but also epidemiology data from more than 150 patients. Based on this integrated database, we provide query, integrated view, and data analysis for clinical physicians,

Ling Zheng; Li Wang; Da Wang; Ning Deng; Xudong Lu; Huilong Duan

2011-01-01

100

The Technology Education Graduate Research Database, 1892-2000. CTTE Monograph.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Technology Education Graduate Research Database (TEGRD) was designed in two parts. The first part was a 384 page bibliography of theses and dissertations from 1892-2000. The second part was an online, searchable database of graduate research completed within technology education from 1892 to the present. The primary goals of the project were:…

Reed, Philip A., Ed.

101

Highlights From the Out-of-School Time Database. Research Update 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Harvard Family Research Project's Out-of-School Time (OST) Program Research and Evaluation Database and Bibliography provide accessible and timely information about research and evaluations involving OST programs and initiatives. This Research Update explores key themes emerging from 13 recent reports added to the OST Research and Evaluation…

Harris, Erin

2008-01-01

102

An integrated database to support research on Escherichia coli  

SciTech Connect

We have used logic programming to design and implement a prototype database of genomic information for the model bacterial organism Escherichia coli. This report presents the fundamental database primitives that can be used to access and manipulate data relating to the E. coli genome. The present system, combined with a tutorial manual, provides immediate access to the integrated knowledge base for E. coli chromosome data. It also serves as the foundation for development of more user-friendly interfaces that have the same retrieval power and high-level tools to analyze complex chromosome organization.

Baehr, A.; Dunham, G.; Matsuda, Hideo; Michaels, G.; Taylor, R.; Overbeek, R.; Rudd, K.E. (National Inst. of Mental Health, Bethesda, MD (United States)); Ginsburg, A.; Joerg, D.; Kazic, T. (Washington Univ., St. Louis, MO (United States). Dept. of Genetics); Hagstrom, R.; Zawada, D. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); Smith, C.; Yoshida, Kaoru (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States))

1992-01-01

103

A Multilateral Use and Processing of A Large Bibliographic Database for Research Information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to explain the multilateral use of bibliographic database in research activities, nuclear fusion research field as the comprehensive science was selected. The processing method of the above mentioned database is mainly described. Considering advantages of the bibliographic and indexed information of such database, its use is classified into three types: 1. To use for reference information, 2. To obtain facts and knowledge from information, and 3. To process and analyse information. Each sample corresponding to the above is introduced as follows, and the usefulness of a large scale database is made clear. 1) Use of online search in research activities, 2) Construction of scientific terms list utilizing keywords and their frequency in the database, and 3) To analyse bibliographic information metrically and evaluate research. This is an application of scientometrics.

Konishi, Osamu; Obayashi, Haruo

104

Considerations of Online Numeric Databases for Social Science Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In an age of lightning-fast information, online numeric databases may seem a godsend to data users. Tantalizing with its instant information and powerful data manipulating packages, online data retrieval fulfills yesterday-is-not-too soon requests to the ...

L. Stewart

1983-01-01

105

A Comprehensive Isolated Farsi\\/Arabic Character Database for Handwritten OCR Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a new comprehensive database for isolated offline handwritten Farsi\\/Arabic numbers and characters for use in optical character recognition research. The database is freely available for academic use. So far no such a freely database in Farsi language is available. Grayscale images of 52,380 characters and 17,740 numerals are included. Each image was scanned from Iranian school entrance

Saeed Mozaffari; Karim Faez; Farhad Faradji; Majid Ziaratban; S. Mohamad Golzan

106

Arabidopsis Hormone Database: a comprehensive genetic and phenotypic information database for plant hormone research in Arabidopsis  

PubMed Central

Plant hormones are small organic molecules that influence almost every aspect of plant growth and development. Genetic and molecular studies have revealed a large number of genes that are involved in responses to numerous plant hormones, including auxin, gibberellin, cytokinin, abscisic acid, ethylene, jasmonic acid, salicylic acid, and brassinosteroid. Here, we develop an Arabidopsis hormone database, which aims to provide a systematic and comprehensive view of genes participating in plant hormonal regulation, as well as morphological phenotypes controlled by plant hormones. Based on data from mutant studies, transgenic analysis and gene ontology (GO) annotation, we have identified a total of 1026 genes in the Arabidopsis genome that participate in plant hormone functions. Meanwhile, a phenotype ontology is developed to precisely describe myriad hormone-regulated morphological processes with standardized vocabularies. A web interface (http://ahd.cbi.pku.edu.cn) would allow users to quickly get access to information about these hormone-related genes, including sequences, functional category, mutant information, phenotypic description, microarray data and linked publications. Several applications of this database in studying plant hormonal regulation and hormone cross-talk will be presented and discussed.

Peng, Zhi-yu; Zhou, Xin; Li, Linchuan; Yu, Xiangchun; Li, Hongjiang; Jiang, Zhiqiang; Cao, Guangyu; Bai, Mingyi; Wang, Xingchun; Jiang, Caifu; Lu, Haibin; Hou, Xianhui; Qu, Lijia; Wang, Zhiyong; Zuo, Jianru; Fu, Xiangdong; Su, Zhen; Li, Songgang; Guo, Hongwei

2009-01-01

107

The ECLS-K Study and Database: A Resource for School Social Work Practitioners and Researchers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to introduce the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten (ECLS-K) database to school social work practitioners and researchers. This database not only serves as a viable source for evidence-based practice pertaining to the influences of families and schools on the academic achievement of children beginning at…

Williams, Sheara A.

2008-01-01

108

Data-Base and Online System Usage in a For-Profit General Research Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes Information on Demand, an information broker that provides database and manual research on a fee for service basis, and accesses more than a dozen online systems. Relative strengths and weaknesses of particular systems and the criteria used to select databases and online vendors are identified and discussed. (CLB)

Basch, Reva

1985-01-01

109

Proving and therapeutic experiments in the HomBRex basic homeopathy research database  

Microsoft Academic Search

The HomBRex database of basic research experiments on homeopathy indexes studies on biological systems including animal, human, plant, fungi and microbial organisms. Its objective is to index proving and therapeutic experiments on the Similia Principle and the role of dilution and succussion of substances in experimental biologic systems. The database was analyzed when it contained more than 1100 experiments in

R. Van Wijk; H. Albrecht

2007-01-01

110

Design and deployment of a large brain-image database for clinical and nonclinical research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An efficient database is an essential component of organizing diverse information on image metadata and patient information for research in medical imaging. This paper describes the design, development and deployment of a large database system serving as a brain image repository that can be used across different platforms in various medical researches. It forms the infrastructure that links hospitals and institutions together and shares data among them. The database contains patient-, pathology-, image-, research- and management-specific data. The functionalities of the database system include image uploading, storage, indexing, downloading and sharing as well as database querying and management with security and data anonymization concerns well taken care of. The structure of database is multi-tier client-server architecture with Relational Database Management System, Security Layer, Application Layer and User Interface. Image source adapter has been developed to handle most of the popular image formats. The database has a user interface based on web browsers and is easy to handle. We have used Java programming language for its platform independency and vast function libraries. The brain image database can sort data according to clinically relevant information. This can be effectively used in research from the clinicians" points of view. The database is suitable for validation of algorithms on large population of cases. Medical images for processing could be identified and organized based on information in image metadata. Clinical research in various pathologies can thus be performed with greater efficiency and large image repositories can be managed more effectively. The prototype of the system has been installed in a few hospitals and is working to the satisfaction of the clinicians.

Yang, Guo Liang; Lim, Choie Cheio Tchoyoson; Banukumar, Narayanaswami; Aziz, Aamer; Hui, Francis; Nowinski, Wieslaw L.

2004-04-01

111

77 FR 66622 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request: National Database for Autism Research (NDAR) Data...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...research purposes. The primary use of this information is to document, track, monitor, and evaluate the use of the NDAR datasets, as well as to notify interested recipients of updates, corrections or other changes to the database. Frequency of...

2012-11-06

112

Users Manual for the Federal Aviation Administration Research and Development Electromagnetic Database (FRED) for Windows.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document provides instructional guidelines to users of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Research and Development Electromagnetic Database (FRED). Instructions are provided on how to access FRED from a compact disk (CD) and how to access the ...

R. L. McDowall

1998-01-01

113

Landslide databases for applied landslide impact research: the example of the landslide database for the Federal Republic of Germany  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This contribution presents an initiative to develop a national landslide database for the Federal Republic of Germany. It highlights structure and contents of the landslide database and outlines its major data sources and the strategy of information retrieval. Furthermore, the contribution exemplifies the database potentials in applied landslide impact research, including statistics of landslide damage, repair, and mitigation. The landslide database offers due to systematic regional data compilation a differentiated data pool of more than 5,000 data sets and over 13,000 single data files. It dates back to 1137 AD and covers landslide sites throughout Germany. In seven main data blocks, the landslide database stores besides information on landslide types, dimensions, and processes, additional data on soil and bedrock properties, geomorphometry, and climatic or other major triggering events. A peculiarity of this landslide database is its storage of data sets on land use effects, damage impacts, hazard mitigation, and landslide costs. Compilation of landslide data is based on a two-tier strategy of data collection. The first step of information retrieval includes systematic web content mining and exploration of online archives of emergency agencies, fire and police departments, and news organizations. Using web and RSS feeds and soon also a focused web crawler, this enables effective nationwide data collection for recent landslides. On the basis of this information, in-depth data mining is performed to deepen and diversify the data pool in key landslide areas. This enables to gather detailed landslide information from, amongst others, agency records, geotechnical reports, climate statistics, maps, and satellite imagery. Landslide data is extracted from these information sources using a mix of methods, including statistical techniques, imagery analysis, and qualitative text interpretation. The landslide database is currently migrated to a spatial database system running on PostgreSQL/PostGIS. This provides advanced functionality for spatial data analysis and forms the basis for future data provision and visualization using a WebGIS application. Analysis of landslide database contents shows that in most parts of Germany landslides primarily affect transportation infrastructures. Although with distinct lower frequency, recent landslides are also recorded to cause serious damage to hydraulic facilities and waterways, supply and disposal infrastructures, sites of cultural heritage, as well as forest, agricultural, and mining areas. The main types of landslide damage are failure of cut and fill slopes, destruction of retaining walls, street lights, and forest stocks, burial of roads, backyards, and garden areas, as well as crack formation in foundations, sewer lines, and building walls. Landslide repair and mitigation at transportation infrastructures is dominated by simple solutions such as catch barriers or rock fall drapery. These solutions are often undersized and fail under stress. The use of costly slope stabilization or protection systems is proven to reduce these risks effectively over longer maintenance cycles. The right balancing of landslide mitigation is thus a crucial problem in managing landslide risks. Development and analysis of such landslide databases helps to support decision-makers in finding efficient solutions to minimize landslide risks for human beings, infrastructures, and financial assets.

Damm, Bodo; Klose, Martin

2014-05-01

114

Recent Progress on Selected Topics in Database Research A Report from Nine Young Chinese Researchers Working in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study on database technologies, or more generally, the technologies of data and information man- agement, is an important and active research field. Recently, many exciting results have been reported. In this fast growing field, Chinese researchers play more and more active roles. Research papers from Chinese scholars, both in China and abroad, appear in prestigious academic forums. In this

Zhiyuan Chen; Haixun Wang; Wei Wang; Donghui Zhang

115

Research Update: Highlights from the Out-of-School Time Database. Number 1, April 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Research Update synthesizes findings from the profiles of 15 research and evaluation reports added to the Out-of-School Time Program Research and Evaluation Database in December 2006. It highlights strategies for assessing program processes as well as key outcomes and features of programs that promote positive outcomes. The Harvard Family…

Harvard Family Research Project, 2007

2007-01-01

116

Research Update: Highlights from the Out-of-School Time Database. Number 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This "Research Update" synthesizes findings from the profiles of 13 research and evaluation reports added to the Out-of-School Time Program Research and Evaluation Database in August 2007. It highlights innovations and developments in the out-of-school time field and looks at the important benefits out-of-school time programs can provide to youth,…

Wimer, Christopher

2007-01-01

117

Online Data Collection and Database Development for Survey Research in Chemistry Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of surveys in chemistry education research is widespread as such versatile instruments enable researchers to gather large amounts of data regarding many aspects about teaching and learning chemistry. The current work describes the development of an interactive website and an online database to automate both the processes of data collection and data analysis for survey research. Advantages of

Jacob M. Mathew; Nathaniel Grove; Stacey Lowery Bretz

118

Union Songs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Forgotten the words to "Joe Hill," "Look for the Union Label," or "Do Re Mi?" Look no further than this site, created and maintained by Mark Gregory, a Web Development Project Officer at Macquarie University (Australia), which features the lyrics and many audio clips of approximately 100 classic and more recent union songs. Numerous lyrics pages also link to related sites. In addition, the site offers some book and CD reviews, a Union Discography, a bibliography, and song and union links. Joe Hill ain't never died.

119

Impact of IPAD on CAD/CAM database university research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

IPAD program has provided direction, focus and software products which impacted on CAD/CAM data base research and follow-on research. The relationship of IPAD to the research projects which involve the storage of geometric data in common data ase facilities such as data base machines, the exchange of data between heterogeneous data bases, the development of IGES processors, the migration of lrge CAD/CAM data base management systems to noncompatible hosts, and the value of RIM as a research tool is described.

Leach, L. M.; Wozny, M. J.

1984-01-01

120

Building a thailand researcher network based on a bibliographic database  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among many practical and domain-specific tasks, expertise retrieval (ER) has recently gained increasing attention in the information retrieval and knowledge management communities. This paper describes our ongoing project to design and implement an expert retrieval system with the scope on researchers who work in Thailand. In our current system prototype, we assume that the areas of expertise among researchers can

Choochart Haruechaiyasak; Alisa Kongthon; Santipong Thaiprayoon

2009-01-01

121

Romanian contribution to research infrastructure database for EPOS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

European Plate Observation System - EPOS is a long-term plan to facilitate integrated use of data, models and facilities from mainly distributed existing, but also new, research infrastructures for solid Earth Science. In EPOS Preparatory Phase were integrated the national Research Infrastructures at pan European level in order to create the EPOS distributed research infrastructures, structure in which, at the present time, Romania participates by means of the earth science research infrastructures of the national interest declared on the National Roadmap. The mission of EPOS is to build an efficient and comprehensive multidisciplinary research platform for solid Earth Sciences in Europe and to allow the scientific community to study the same phenomena from different points of view, in different time periods and spatial scales (laboratory and field experiments). At national scale, research and monitoring infrastructures have gathered a vast amount of geological and geophysical data, which have been used by research networks to underpin our understanding of the Earth. EPOS promotes the creation of comprehensive national and regional consortia, as well as the organization of collective actions. To serve the EPOS goals, in Romania a group of National Research Institutes, together with their infrastructures, gathered in an EPOS National Consortium, as follows: 1. National Institute for Earth Physics - Seismic, strong motion, GPS and Geomagnetic network and Experimental Laboratory; 2. National Institute of Marine Geology and Geoecology - Marine Research infrastructure and Euxinus integrated regional Black Sea observation and early-warning system; 3. Geological Institute of Romania - Surlari National Geomagnetic Observatory and National lithoteque (the latter as part of the National Museum of Geology) 4. University of Bucharest - Paleomagnetic Laboratory After national dissemination of EPOS initiative other Research Institutes and companies from the potential stakeholders group also show their interest to participate in the EPOS National Consortium.

Ionescu, Constantin; Craiu, Andreea; Tataru, Dragos; Balan, Stefan; Muntean, Alexandra; Nastase, Eduard; Oaie, Gheorghe; Asimopolos, Laurentiu; Panaiotu, Cristian

2014-05-01

122

Nuclear proliferation from the former Soviet Union and the effects of US economic incentives. Research report  

SciTech Connect

This paper examines the United States` role in stemming nuclear proliferation from the states of the Former Soviet Union. Proliferation from the FSU is a critical danger to the world. Because of the breakdown of many of the security structures within the FSU which formerly ensured the safety of their weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and related material, the danger is very real. The implementation of the START treaties has also generated a great deal of excess fissile material. Because of the economic conditions in the FSU, there is rising crime concerning the sale and distribution of this material. Finally, this paper examines the U.S. role in decreasing the danger of nuclear catastrophe caused by the lack of control. The primary force used in this effort is the Cooperative Threat Reduction Act (CTR) - better know as the Nunn-Lugar Program - which was initiated in 1991 immediately after the failed coup attempt in Moscow. The paper examines in broad scope the types of efforts that CTR supports and gives examples of how that money is being spent. The paper takes the position that the CTR is extremely important to the vital interests of the United States. Recommendations are then given to enhance this vital program.

Zimmerman, C.L.

1996-12-31

123

Union Agitators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A decade has passed since a few union leaders formed the network known as Teacher Union Reform Network (TURN) to search for innovative ways to enhance education. Selling their message has not always been easy. Created in 1995, TURN was the brain child of Adam Urbanski, the president of the Rochester (N.Y.) Teachers Association for the past 25…

Honawar, Vaishali

2006-01-01

124

Databases and coordinated research projects at the IAEA on atomic processes in plasmas  

SciTech Connect

The Atomic and Molecular Data Unit at the IAEA works with a network of national data centres to encourage and coordinate production and dissemination of fundamental data for atomic, molecular and plasma-material interaction (A+M/PMI) processes that are relevant to the realization of fusion energy. The Unit maintains numerical and bibliographical databases and has started a Wiki-style knowledge base. The Unit also contributes to A+M database interface standards and provides a search engine that offers a common interface to multiple numerical A+M/PMI databases. Coordinated Research Projects (CRPs) bring together fusion energy researchers and atomic, molecular and surface physicists for joint work towards the development of new data and new methods. The databases and current CRPs on A+M/PMI processes are briefly described here.

Braams, Bastiaan J.; Chung, Hyun-Kyung [Nuclear Data Section, NAPC Division, International Atomic Energy Agency P. O. Box 100, Vienna International Centre, AT-1400 Vienna (Austria)

2012-05-25

125

Standard Information Content and Procedures Used in the Formation of a Research Oriented Health Services Database  

PubMed Central

This paper describes the process of establishing as automated system for abstraction of computerized healthcare administrative data from a hospital or clinical database (HIS) into a new data structure which has been tailored for research interests. This process involves careful study of the HIS holdings and data collection procedures, means of categorizing and organizing data, and techniques for standardized maintenance of the new database over many years. Benefits of creating and using the new database for specific projects and its limitations are also discussed.

Thompson, Bryan D.; Piland, Neill F.; Hoy, Wendy E.; Watkins, Margaret; Montgomery, Kelly A.

1990-01-01

126

DOG-SPOT database for comprehensive management of dog genetic research data  

PubMed Central

Research laboratories studying the genetics of companion animals have no database tools specifically designed to aid in the management of the many kinds of data that are generated, stored and analyzed. We have developed a relational database, "DOG-SPOT," to provide such a tool. Implemented in MS-Access, the database is easy to extend or customize to suit a lab's particular needs. With DOG-SPOT a lab can manage data relating to dogs, breeds, samples, biomaterials, phenotypes, owners, communications, amplicons, sequences, markers, genotypes and personnel. Such an integrated data structure helps ensure high quality data entry and makes it easy to track physical stocks of biomaterials and oligonucleotides.

2010-01-01

127

Sys-BodyFluid: a systematical database for human body fluid proteome research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, body fluids have widely become an impor- tant target for proteomic research and proteomic study has produced more and more body fluid related protein data. A database is needed to collect and analyze these proteome data. Thus, we devel- oped this web-based body fluid proteome database Sys-BodyFluid. It contains eleven kinds of body fluid proteomes, including plasma\\/serum, urine, cere-

Su-jun Li; Mao Peng; Hong Li; Bo-shu Liu; Chuan Wang; Jia-rui Wu; Yi-xue Li; Rong Zeng

2009-01-01

128

The Evolving Role of Union Learning Representatives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article suggests that the union learning representative (ULR) is increasingly situated at the heart of trade union activity. The paper draws upon recent research based on interviews with national trade union officers and case studies of union learning activity to explore the competing demands being made upon ULRs and the implications for…

Moore, Sian; Ross, Cilla

2008-01-01

129

On the Difficulties of Applying the Results of Information Retrieval Research to Aid in the Searching of Large Scientific Databases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the problems inherent in applying what is learned in a carefully controlled information retrieval (IR) research project to searching the scientific databases available through a large commercial database. STN International is used as an example. (five references) (LAE)

Ledwith, Robert

1992-01-01

130

Methodological characteristics of the national dietary surveys carried out in the European Union as included in the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) Comprehensive European Food Consumption Database  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2009 competent organisations in the European Union provided the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) with data from the most recent national dietary survey at the level of individuals’ consumption. Twenty different Member States provided EFSA with data from 22 different national dietary surveys, with consumption figures for adults and, when available, for children. Member States’ dietary data were assembled

C. Merten; P. Ferrari; M. Bakker; A. Boss; Á. Hearty; C. Leclercq; O. Lindtner; C. Tlustos; P. Verger; J. L. Volatier; D. Arcella

2011-01-01

131

Data Recycling: Using Existing Databases to Increase Research Capacity in Speech-Language Development and Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This clinical forum was organized to provide a means for informing the research and clinical communities of one mechanism through which research capacity might be enhanced within the field of speech-language pathology. Specifically, forum authors describe the process of conducting secondary analyses of extant databases to answer questions…

Justice, Laura M.; Breit-Smith, Allison; Rogers, Margaret

2010-01-01

132

Sources of Data for Rural Health Research: Development of an Inventory of Canadian Databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Secondary data sources can often be used to help address questions about the health status, health behavior, health resources allocation, and utilization of health services of rural Canadians. But the task of deciding which Canadian databases are amenable to rural health research remains a challenge. As part of a larger research project titled \\

D. Heng; R. W. Pong; J. R. Pitblado; C. Lagacé; M. Desmeules

2005-01-01

133

IOPI Database of Plant Databases  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Organization for Plant Information (IOPI), a Commission of the International Union of Biological Sciences (IUBS), manages the Database of Plant Databases (DPD). The DPD is a global list of plant databases including Taxonomic databases ("with systematic information on families or genera, or for Flora projects"); Collection catalogs (usually of herbaria); and DELTA datasets (DELTA is "the Description Language for Taxonomy, a data format for character data, used for identification, key construction and the generation of descriptions."). The DPD may be searched using numerous specified fields, or it may be viewed in its entirety -- by Database Name, Host Name, or Host Country. Though bare bones in appearance, this extensive database contains a gold mine of information, with hundreds of hyperlinks to valuable plant databases.

134

Research on cholinesterases in the Soviet Union and Russia: a historical perspective.  

PubMed

Research on cholinesterases and effects of their inhibition in the USSR and Russia since 1930-1940s till present is exposed in historical aspects. The first physiological and toxicological effects of cholinesterase inhibition were reported by Alexander Ginetsinsky during World War II, when academic institutions were evacuated from Leningrad to Kazan. The main scientific schools that initiated research on chemistry, enzymology and physiology of cholinesterases and their inhibitors were leaded by Alexandr and Boris Arbuzovs, Victor Rozengart, Viktor Yakovlev, Michael Michelson, Martin Kabachnik, Mikhail Voronkov, Ivan Knunyants, Alexandr Bretskin and others. They investigated the main physiological effects of cholinesterase inhibitors, and analyzed the catalytic mechanisms of cholinesterases and related enzymes. Their contributions are landmarks in the history of cholinesterase research. At the present time revival of research on cholinesterases in different universities and institutes is vivid, in particular at the Moscow State University, research institutes of Russian Academy of Sciences and Kazan Scientific Center. PMID:23485591

Rozengart, Eugene V; Basova, Natalia E; Moralev, Serge N; Lushchekina, Sofya V; Masson, Patrick; Varfolomeev, Sergei D

2013-03-25

135

Large-scale spatial population databases in infectious disease research  

PubMed Central

Modelling studies on the spatial distribution and spread of infectious diseases are becoming increasingly detailed and sophisticated, with global risk mapping and epidemic modelling studies now popular. Yet, in deriving populations at risk of disease estimates, these spatial models must rely on existing global and regional datasets on population distribution, which are often based on outdated and coarse resolution data. Moreover, a variety of different methods have been used to model population distribution at large spatial scales. In this review we describe the main global gridded population datasets that are freely available for health researchers and compare their construction methods, and highlight the uncertainties inherent in these population datasets. We review their application in past studies on disease risk and dynamics, and discuss how the choice of dataset can affect results. Moreover, we highlight how the lack of contemporary, detailed and reliable data on human population distribution in low income countries is proving a barrier to obtaining accurate large-scale estimates of population at risk and constructing reliable models of disease spread, and suggest research directions required to further reduce these barriers.

2012-01-01

136

PRATIQUE: a research project to enhance pest risk analysis techniques in the European Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

PRATIQUE is an EC-funded 7th Framework research project designed to address the major challenges for pest risk analysis (PRA) in Europe. It has three principal objectives: (a) to assemble the datasets required to construct PRAs valid for the whole of the EU, (b) to conduct multi-disciplinary research that enhances the techniques used in PRA and (c) to provide a decision

R. H. A. Baker; A. Battisti; J. Bremmer; M. Kenis; J. Mumford; F. Petter; G. Schrader; S. Bacher; P. DeBarro; P. E. Hulme; O. Karadjova; A. Oude Lansink; O. Pruvost; P. Pysek; A. Roques; Y. Baranchikov; J.-H. Sun

2009-01-01

137

Triage or Tapestry: Teacher Unions' Work Toward Improving Teacher Quality in an Era of Systemic Reform. A Research Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report looks at and identifies emerging trends in the roles that teacher unions play in educational reform and improving the quality of teaching. A description of the efforts of six teacher unions to improve teacher quality within the context of the ...

N. Bascia

2003-01-01

138

Privacy protection and public goods: building a genetic database for health research in Newfoundland and Labrador  

PubMed Central

Objective To provide a legal and ethical analysis of some of the implementation challenges faced by the Population Therapeutics Research Group (PTRG) at Memorial University (Canada), in using genealogical information offered by individuals for its genetics research database. Materials and methods This paper describes the unique historical and genetic characteristics of the Newfoundland and Labrador founder population, which gave rise to the opportunity for PTRG to build the Newfoundland Genealogy Database containing digitized records of all pre-confederation (1949) census records of the Newfoundland founder population. In addition to building the database, PTRG has developed the Heritability Analytics Infrastructure, a data management structure that stores genotype, phenotype, and pedigree information in a single database, and custom linkage software (KINNECT) to perform pedigree linkages on the genealogy database. Discussion A newly adopted legal regimen in Newfoundland and Labrador is discussed. It incorporates health privacy legislation with a unique research ethics statute governing the composition and activities of research ethics boards and, for the first time in Canada, elevating the status of national research ethics guidelines into law. The discussion looks at this integration of legal and ethical principles which provides a flexible and seamless framework for balancing the privacy rights and welfare interests of individuals, families, and larger societies in the creation and use of research data infrastructures as public goods. Conclusion The complementary legal and ethical frameworks that now coexist in Newfoundland and Labrador provide the legislative authority, ethical legitimacy, and practical flexibility needed to find a workable balance between privacy interests and public goods. Such an approach may also be instructive for other jurisdictions as they seek to construct and use biobanks and related research platforms for genetic research.

Pullman, Daryl; Perrot-Daley, Astrid; Hodgkinson, Kathy; Street, Catherine; Rahman, Proton

2013-01-01

139

Inter-Parliamentary Union = Union Interparlementaire  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Inter-Parliamentary Union, a "world organization of parliaments of sovereign States" since 1889, provides this informational site, which is highlighted by two searchable databases, PARLINE and PARLIT. PARLINE contains information about parliaments in over 190 countries, including structure, leader, percentage of women, term, and other useful data which may include distribution by political group and sex, candidacy eligiblilty requirements, and background to the last election. A comparative search function allows qualitative and quantitative search variables and returns country parliaments that meet specifications. PARLIT contains bibliographic references to a subset of IPU's 37,000 item database. Items from 1992-present are currently available. Searches can be performed on seven variables, including country, parliamentary organization, periodical, and language. The IPU site also contains links to parliamentary web sites and other information about the organization.

1998-01-01

140

Psychology and Education of the Learning Disabled Child in the Soviet Union. Research Report No. 78.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author surveys the status in the USSR of educational programing and psychological research with learning disabled children who are classified as temporarily retarded in psychological development (TRPD). Education and psychology in the USSR are said to be marked by the following major characteristics: a strong emphasis on the importance of…

Wozniak, R. H.

141

Web services and process management: a union of convenience or a new area of research? Editorial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Two recent trends are reshaping the research landscape in business process management.,One such trend is the adoption of process-driven application integration by major e-business middleware vendors, and the other is the advancement of web services as a universal computing platform. In this paper, we investigate the impact of web services on business process technologies and present our viewpoints on

J. Leon Zhao; Hsing Kenneth Cheng

2005-01-01

142

Adopting a corporate perspective on databases. Improving support for research and decision making.  

PubMed

The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) is at the forefront of designing and managing health care information systems that accommodate the needs of clinicians, researchers, and administrators at all levels. Rather than using one single-site, centralized corporate database VHA has constructed several large databases with different configurations to meet the needs of users with different perspectives. The largest VHA database is the Decentralized Hospital Computer Program (DHCP), a multisite, distributed data system that uses decoupled hospital databases. The centralization of DHCP policy has promoted data coherence, whereas the decentralization of DHCP management has permitted system development to be done with maximum relevance to the users'local practices. A more recently developed VHA data system, the Event Driven Reporting system (EDR), uses multiple, highly coupled databases to provide workload data at facility, regional, and national levels. The EDR automatically posts a subset of DHCP data to local and national VHA management. The development of the EDR illustrates how adoption of a corporate perspective can offer significant database improvements at reasonable cost and with modest impact on the legacy system. PMID:8598692

Meistrell, M; Schlehuber, C

1996-03-01

143

Assessing the Saskatchewan database for outcomes research studies of depression and its treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was conducted to evaluate the validity of using the Saskatchewan Health administrative claims databases for conducting depression research. To develop a claims-based definition of depression, we identified a cohort of individuals who began a “new” period of antidepressant use (no use 180 days prior) from which we selected a stratified random sample (n = 600) for medical record

Suzanne L West; Anke Richter; Catherine A Melfi; Mary McNutt; Marianne E Nennstiel; Josephine A Mauskopf

2000-01-01

144

Quality standards for real-world research. Focus on observational database studies of comparative effectiveness.  

PubMed

Real-world research can use observational or clinical trial designs, in both cases putting emphasis on high external validity, to complement the classical efficacy randomized controlled trials (RCTs) with high internal validity. Real-world research is made necessary by the variety of factors that can play an important a role in modulating effectiveness in real life but are often tightly controlled in RCTs, such as comorbidities and concomitant treatments, adherence, inhalation technique, access to care, strength of doctor-caregiver communication, and socio-economic and other organizational factors. Real-world studies belong to two main categories: pragmatic trials and observational studies, which can be prospective or retrospective. Focusing on comparative database observational studies, the process aimed at ensuring high-quality research can be divided into three parts: preparation of research, analyses and reporting, and discussion of results. Key points include a priori planning of data collection and analyses, identification of appropriate database(s), proper outcomes definition, study registration with commitment to publish, bias minimization through matching and adjustment processes accounting for potential confounders, and sensitivity analyses testing the robustness of results. When these conditions are met, observational database studies can reach a sufficient level of evidence to help create guidelines (i.e., clinical and regulatory decision-making). PMID:24559028

Roche, Nicolas; Reddel, Helen; Martin, Richard; Brusselle, Guy; Papi, Alberto; Thomas, Mike; Postma, Dirjke; Thomas, Vicky; Rand, Cynthia; Chisholm, Alison; Price, David

2014-02-01

145

Video query processing in the VDBMS testbed for video database research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increased use of video data sets for multimedia-based applications has created a demand for strong video database support, including efficient methods for handling the content-based query and retrieval of video data. Video query processing presents significant research challenges, mainly associated with the size, complexity and unstructured nature of video data. A video query processor must support video operations for

Walid G. Aref; Moustafa A. Hammad; Ann Christine Catlin; Ihab F. Ilyas; Thanaa M. Ghanem; Ahmed K. Elmagarmid; Mirette S. Marzouk

2003-01-01

146

The Use of Population and Database Resources in Outcome-Based Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many patient management decisions an otolaryngologist makes every day stem from good patient- and population-based evidence. This paper will explore the topic of population\\/database research and how these studies are useful. We also examine the current literature on this subject, explore the strengths and weaknesses of these studies and provide information on the practical aspects of performing this type of

Laura J. Orvidas; Leif E. Jensen; Jennifer L. St. Sauver; Amy L. Weaver

2004-01-01

147

Work Task Dimensions Underlying the World of Work: Research Results for Diverse Occupational Databases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports new research supporting the two bipolar work task dimensions that underlie the World-of-Work Map (WWM) and Holland's hexagon--working with data versus ideas (D/I) and working with things versus people (T/P). Three databases provided diverse perspectives on basic work tasks: (a) general nature of work (expert ratings for 1,122…

Prediger, Dale J.; Swaney, Kyle B.

2004-01-01

148

Heavy Oil Database from the National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research (NIPER)  

DOE Data Explorer

The Heavy Oil Database resulted from work funded by DOE and performed at the National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research (NIPER). It contains information on more than 500 resevoirs in a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet. The information was collected in 1992 and updated periodically through 2003. Save the zipped file to your PC, then open to access the data.

149

CUAVE: A new audio-visual database for multimodal human-computer interface research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multimodal signal processing has become an important topic of research for overcoming certain problems of audio-only speech processing. Audio-visual speech recognition is one area with great potential. Difficulties due to background noise and multiple speakers are significantly reduced by the additional information provided by extra visual features. Despite a few efforts to create databases in this area, none has emerged

E. K. Patterson; S. Gurbuz; Z. Tufekci; J. N. Gowdy

2002-01-01

150

A Mentor/Research Model to Teach Library Skills: An Introduction to Database Searching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a way to teach database searching skills, students in a nursing research class were paired with, and performed literature searches for, faculty members or community health care professionals. Because students did not formulate questions or initial search terms, they concentrated on the search process, learning how professionals find and use…

Nissen, Karen R.; Ross, Barbara A.

1996-01-01

151

Investigating the Causes of 'VFR into IMC' Accidents: Database Analyses and Flight Simulation Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

General Aviation (GA) accidents involving 'VFR into IMC' continue to be a major source of fatalities with a fatality rate more than four times greater than for GA accidents in general. There has been much speculation and little solid evidence on the causes of these accidents. We have designed a broad programme of research involving analyses of air accident databases

David O'Hare; Douglas Owen

152

Accessing the public MIMIC-II intensive care relational database for clinical research  

PubMed Central

Background The Multiparameter Intelligent Monitoring in Intensive Care II (MIMIC-II) database is a free, public resource for intensive care research. The database was officially released in 2006, and has attracted a growing number of researchers in academia and industry. We present the two major software tools that facilitate accessing the relational database: the web-based QueryBuilder and a downloadable virtual machine (VM) image. Results QueryBuilder and the MIMIC-II VM have been developed successfully and are freely available to MIMIC-II users. Simple example SQL queries and the resulting data are presented. Clinical studies pertaining to acute kidney injury and prediction of fluid requirements in the intensive care unit are shown as typical examples of research performed with MIMIC-II. In addition, MIMIC-II has also provided data for annual PhysioNet/Computing in Cardiology Challenges, including the 2012 Challenge “Predicting mortality of ICU Patients”. Conclusions QueryBuilder is a web-based tool that provides easy access to MIMIC-II. For more computationally intensive queries, one can locally install a complete copy of MIMIC-II in a VM. Both publicly available tools provide the MIMIC-II research community with convenient querying interfaces and complement the value of the MIMIC-II relational database.

2013-01-01

153

Ethical review of projects involving non-human primates funded under the European Union's 7th Research Framework Programme.  

PubMed

Internet searches were performed on projects involving non-human primates ('primates') funded under the European Union (EU) 7th Research Framework Programme (FP7), to determine how project proposals are assessed from an ethical point of view. Due to the incompleteness of the information publicly available, the types and severity of the experiments could not be determined with certainty, although in some projects the level of harm was considered to be 'severe'. Information was scarce regarding the numbers of primates, their sourcing, housing, care and fate, or the application of the Three Rs within projects. Project grant holders and the relevant Commission officer were consulted about their experiences with the FP7 ethics review process. Overall, it was seen as meaningful and beneficial, but some concerns were also noted. Ethical follow-up during project performance and upon completion was recognised as a valuable tool in ensuring that animal welfare requirements were adequately addressed. Based upon the outcome of the survey, recommendations are presented on how to strengthen the ethical review process under the upcoming Framework Programme 'Horizon 2020', while adequately taking into account the specific requirements of Directive 2010/63/EU, with the aim of limiting the harms inflicted on the animals and the numbers used, and ultimately, replacing the use of primates altogether. PMID:24168134

Sauer, Ursula; Phillips, Barry; Reid, Kirsty; Schmit, Véronique; Jennings, Maggy

2013-09-01

154

The transporter classification database.  

PubMed

The Transporter Classification Database (TCDB; http://www.tcdb.org) serves as a common reference point for transport protein research. The database contains more than 10,000 non-redundant proteins that represent all currently recognized families of transmembrane molecular transport systems. Proteins in TCDB are organized in a five level hierarchical system, where the first two levels are the class and subclass, the second two are the family and subfamily, and the last one is the transport system. Superfamilies that contain multiple families are included as hyperlinks to the five tier TC hierarchy. TCDB includes proteins from all types of living organisms and is the only transporter classification system that is both universal and recognized by the International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. It has been expanded by manual curation, contains extensive text descriptions providing structural, functional, mechanistic and evolutionary information, is supported by unique software and is interconnected to many other relevant databases. TCDB is of increasing usefulness to the international scientific community and can serve as a model for the expansion of database technologies. This manuscript describes an update of the database descriptions previously featured in NAR database issues. PMID:24225317

Saier, Milton H; Reddy, Vamsee S; Tamang, Dorjee G; Västermark, Ake

2014-01-01

155

Immediate Dissemination of Student Discoveries to a Model Organism Database Enhances Classroom-Based Research Experiences  

PubMed Central

Use of inquiry-based research modules in the classroom has soared over recent years, largely in response to national calls for teaching that provides experience with scientific processes and methodologies. To increase the visibility of in-class studies among interested researchers and to strengthen their impact on student learning, we have extended the typical model of inquiry-based labs to include a means for targeted dissemination of student-generated discoveries. This initiative required: 1) creating a set of research-based lab activities with the potential to yield results that a particular scientific community would find useful and 2) developing a means for immediate sharing of student-generated results. Working toward these goals, we designed guides for course-based research aimed to fulfill the need for functional annotation of the Tetrahymena thermophila genome, and developed an interactive Web database that links directly to the official Tetrahymena Genome Database for immediate, targeted dissemination of student discoveries. This combination of research via the course modules and the opportunity for students to immediately “publish” their novel results on a Web database actively used by outside scientists culminated in a motivational tool that enhanced students’ efforts to engage the scientific process and pursue additional research opportunities beyond the course.

Wiley, Emily A.; Stover, Nicholas A.

2014-01-01

156

Creating a sampling frame for population-based veteran research: representativeness and overlap of VA and Department of Defense databases.  

PubMed

Most veteran research is conducted in Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare settings, although most veterans obtain healthcare outside the VA. Our objective was to determine the adequacy and relative contributions of Veterans Health Administration (VHA), Veterans Benefits Administration (VBA), and Department of Defense (DOD) administrative databases for representing the U.S. veteran population, using as an example the creation of a sampling frame for the National Survey of Women Veterans. In 2008, we merged the VHA, VBA, and DOD databases. We identified the number of unique records both overall and from each database. The combined databases yielded 925,946 unique records, representing 51% of the 1,802,000 U.S. women veteran population. The DOD database included 30% of the population (with 8% overlap with other databases). The VHA enrollment database contributed an additional 20% unique women veterans (with 6% overlap with VBA databases). VBA databases contributed an additional 2% unique women veterans (beyond 10% overlap with other databases). Use of VBA and DOD databases substantially expands access to the population of veterans beyond those in VHA databases, regardless of VA use. Adoption of these additional databases would enhance the value and generalizability of a wide range of studies of both male and female veterans. PMID:21110250

Washington, Donna L; Sun, Su; Canning, Mark

2010-01-01

157

Validity of registration of ICD codes and prescriptions in a research database in Swedish primary care: a cross-sectional study in Skaraborg primary care database  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: In recent years, several primary care databases recording information from computerized medical records have been established and used for quality assessment of medical care and research. However, to be useful for research purposes, the data generated routinely from every day practice require registration of high quality. In this study we aimed to investigate (i) the frequency and validity of

Per Hjerpe; Juan Merlo; Henrik Ohlsson; Kristina Bengtsson Boström; Ulf Lindblad

2010-01-01

158

Sys-BodyFluid: a systematical database for human body fluid proteome research  

PubMed Central

Recently, body fluids have widely become an important target for proteomic research and proteomic study has produced more and more body fluid related protein data. A database is needed to collect and analyze these proteome data. Thus, we developed this web-based body fluid proteome database Sys-BodyFluid. It contains eleven kinds of body fluid proteomes, including plasma/serum, urine, cerebrospinal fluid, saliva, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, synovial fluid, nipple aspirate fluid, tear fluid, seminal fluid, human milk and amniotic fluid. Over 10 000 proteins are presented in the Sys-BodyFluid. Sys-BodyFluid provides the detailed protein annotations, including protein description, Gene Ontology, domain information, protein sequence and involved pathways. These proteome data can be retrieved by using protein name, protein accession number and sequence similarity. In addition, users can query between these different body fluids to get the different proteins identification information. Sys-BodyFluid database can facilitate the body fluid proteomics and disease proteomics research as a reference database. It is available at http://www.biosino.org/bodyfluid/.

Li, Su-Jun; Peng, Mao; Li, Hong; Liu, Bo-Shu; Wang, Chuan; Wu, Jia-Rui; Li, Yi-Xue; Zeng, Rong

2009-01-01

159

MIPS PlantsDB: a database framework for comparative plant genome research.  

PubMed

The rapidly increasing amount of plant genome (sequence) data enables powerful comparative analyses and integrative approaches and also requires structured and comprehensive information resources. Databases are needed for both model and crop plant organisms and both intuitive search/browse views and comparative genomics tools should communicate the data to researchers and help them interpret it. MIPS PlantsDB (http://mips.helmholtz-muenchen.de/plant/genomes.jsp) was initially described in NAR in 2007 [Spannagl,M., Noubibou,O., Haase,D., Yang,L., Gundlach,H., Hindemitt, T., Klee,K., Haberer,G., Schoof,H. and Mayer,K.F. (2007) MIPSPlantsDB-plant database resource for integrative and comparative plant genome research. Nucleic Acids Res., 35, D834-D840] and was set up from the start to provide data and information resources for individual plant species as well as a framework for integrative and comparative plant genome research. PlantsDB comprises database instances for tomato, Medicago, Arabidopsis, Brachypodium, Sorghum, maize, rice, barley and wheat. Building up on that, state-of-the-art comparative genomics tools such as CrowsNest are integrated to visualize and investigate syntenic relationships between monocot genomes. Results from novel genome analysis strategies targeting the complex and repetitive genomes of triticeae species (wheat and barley) are provided and cross-linked with model species. The MIPS Repeat Element Database (mips-REdat) and Catalog (mips-REcat) as well as tight connections to other databases, e.g. via web services, are further important components of PlantsDB. PMID:23203886

Nussbaumer, Thomas; Martis, Mihaela M; Roessner, Stephan K; Pfeifer, Matthias; Bader, Kai C; Sharma, Sapna; Gundlach, Heidrun; Spannagl, Manuel

2013-01-01

160

Human gene mutation database-a biomedical information and research resource.  

PubMed

Although 20 years have elapsed since the first single basepair substitution underlying an inherited disease in humans was characterised at the DNA level, the initiative has only recently been taken to establish central database resources for pathological genetic variants. Disease-associated gene lesions are currently collected and publicised by the Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD) in Cardiff, locus-specific mutation databases, and to some extent also by the Genome Database (GDB) and Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM). To date, HGMD represents the only comprehensive and publicly available database of gene lesions underlying human inherited disease. By July 1999, HGMD contained over 18,000 different mutations from some 900 human genes, the majority being single basepair substitutions. In addition to its potential as an information resource for clinicians and genetic counsellors, HGMD has allowed molecular geneticists to address a variety of biological questions through meta-analysis of the collated data. HGMD also promises to assist research workers in optimising mutation search strategies for a given gene. A questionnaire sent out to, and answered by, the editors of 20 key journals revealed that human genetics journals are increasingly reluctant to publish mutation reports. Electronic data submission and publication facilities are therefore urgently required. The World Wide Web (WWW) provides an excellent medium within which to combine the centralised management of basic mutation data, including rigorous quality control, with the possibility of publishing additional mutation-related information. In response to these needs, HGMD has both instituted a collaboration with Springer-Verlag GmbH, Heidelberg, to potentiate free online submission and electronic publication of human gene mutation data and developed links with the curators of locus-specific mutation databases. PMID:10612821

Krawczak, M; Ball, E V; Fenton, I; Stenson, P D; Abeysinghe, S; Thomas, N; Cooper, D N

2000-01-01

161

The research status on precision agriculture by use of bibliometric analysis from three databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

By use of bibliometric analysis and with the help of a reference software called NoteExpress, 1845 documents on precision agriculture published between 1997 and 2008 are studied and categorized from three databases: Science Citation Index Expanded, Conference Proceedings Citation Index-Science and Ei-Compendex Web. The research covers the following areas. 1. Statistics of keywords used in the 1845 documents. 2. Statistics

Aiyuan Liu; Yuqing Guo; Ruizhang Guan

2010-01-01

162

Genomics and Public Health Research: Can the State Allow Access to Genomic Databases?  

PubMed Central

Because many diseases are multifactorial disorders, the scientific progress in genomics and genetics should be taken into consideration in public health research. In this context, genomic databases will constitute an important source of information. Consequently, it is important to identify and characterize the State’s role and authority on matters related to public health, in order to verify whether it has access to such databases while engaging in public health genomic research. We first consider the evolution of the concept of public health, as well as its core functions, using a comparative approach (e.g. WHO, PAHO, CDC and the Canadian province of Quebec). Following an analysis of relevant Quebec legislation, the precautionary principle is examined as a possible avenue to justify State access to and use of genomic databases for research purposes. Finally, we consider the Influenza pandemic plans developed by WHO, Canada, and Quebec, as examples of key tools framing public health decision-making process. We observed that State powers in public health, are not, in Quebec, well adapted to the expansion of genomics research. We propose that the scope of the concept of research in public health should be clear and include the following characteristics: a commitment to the health and well-being of the population and to their determinants; the inclusion of both applied research and basic research; and, an appropriate model of governance (authorization, follow-up, consent, etc.). We also suggest that the strategic approach version of the precautionary principle could guide collective choices in these matters.

Cousineau, J; Girard, N; Monardes, C; Leroux, T; Jean, M Stanton

2012-01-01

163

MIMIC II: a massive temporal ICU patient database to support research in intelligent patient monitoring  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Development and evaluation of Intensive Care Unit (ICU) decision-support systems would be greatly facilitated by the availability of a large-scale ICU patient database. Following our previous efforts with the MIMIC (Multi-parameter Intelligent Monitoring for Intensive Care) Database, we have leveraged advances in networking and storage technologies to develop a far more massive temporal database, MIMIC II. MIMIC II is an ongoing effort: data is continuously and prospectively archived from all ICU patients in our hospital. MIMIC II now consists of over 800 ICU patient records including over 120 gigabytes of data and is growing. A customized archiving system was used to store continuously up to four waveforms and 30 different parameters from ICU patient monitors. An integrated user-friendly relational database was developed for browsing of patients' clinical information (lab results, fluid balance, medications, nurses' progress notes). Based upon its unprecedented size and scope, MIMIC II will prove to be an important resource for intelligent patient monitoring research, and will support efforts in medical data mining and knowledge-discovery.

Saeed, M.; Lieu, C.; Raber, G.; Mark, R. G.

2002-01-01

164

Kal-Haiti a Research Database for Risks Management and Sustainable Reconstruction in Haiti  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Following the 12th January 2010 earthquake in Haiti, the French Agence Nationale de la Recherche has funded a project named KAL-Haiti which aims at gathering remote sensing imagery as well as in-situ and exogenous data into a knowledge base. This database, seen as a shareable resource, can serve as a basis for helping the reconstruction of the country, but also as a reference for scientific studies devoted to all phases of risk management. The project main outcome will be a geo-referenced database containing a selection of remotely sensed imagery acquired before and after the disastrous event supplemented with all relevant ancillary data, and enriched with in-situ measurements and exogenous data. The resulting reference database is freely available for research and for reconstruction tasks. It is strongly expected that users will also become contributors by sharing their own data production, thus participating to the growth of the initial kernel. The database will also be enriched with new satellite images, monitoring the evolution of the Haitian situation over the next 10 years.

Giros, A.; Fontannaz, D.; Allenbach, B.; Treinsoutrot, D.; De Michele, M.

2012-07-01

165

MIMIC II: a massive temporal ICU patient database to support research in intelligent patient monitoring.  

PubMed

Development and evaluation of Intensive Care Unit (ICU) decision-support systems would be greatly facilitated by the availability of a large-scale ICU patient database. Following our previous efforts with the MIMIC (Multi-parameter Intelligent Monitoring for Intensive Care) Database, we have leveraged advances in networking and storage technologies to develop a far more massive temporal database, MIMIC II. MIMIC II is an ongoing effort: data is continuously and prospectively archived from all ICU patients in our hospital. MIMIC II now consists of over 800 ICU patient records including over 120 gigabytes of data and is growing. A customized archiving system was used to store continuously up to four waveforms and 30 different parameters from ICU patient monitors. An integrated user-friendly relational database was developed for browsing of patients' clinical information (lab results, fluid balance, medications, nurses' progress notes). Based upon its unprecedented size and scope, MIMIC II will prove to be an important resource for intelligent patient monitoring research, and will support efforts in medical data mining and knowledge-discovery. PMID:14686455

Saeed, M; Lieu, C; Raber, G; Mark, R G

2002-01-01

166

Peripheral database module for clinical management and research in sleep medicine.  

PubMed

Hospital-wide information systems may provide economical solutions for communication processes or for documentation by means of centralized digital medical records. Within a large university hospital, however, there may be too many diverse subspecialties and too many special medical procedures to be supported comprehensively by a single database information system. A peripheral modular system has been tailored to the specific needs of a sleep disorder clinic as an adjunct to the main clinical information system. The client server application allows for automatic data acquisition by on-line devices and by a graphical user interface. It supports administrative tasks for patient management, specific encounter interactions and data retrieval for research. Performance and acceptance of the system was assessed during clinical use, revealing positive response by the users, also with respect to significant time savings. Our experience suggests that the concept of peripheral database modules as "satellites" to a main clinical system provides flexibility in design and implementation of the specialized databases while providing access to data of more general relevance via the main database. PMID:10543418

Matthews, F; Blaser, J; Russi, E W; Bloch, K E

1999-01-01

167

Existing data sources for clinical epidemiology: The North Denmark Bacteremia Research Database  

PubMed Central

Bacteremia is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Improving prevention and treatment requires better knowledge of the disease and its prognosis. However, in order to study the entire spectrum of bacteremia patients, we need valid sources of information, prospective data collection, and complete follow-up. In North Denmark Region, all patients diagnosed with bacteremia have been registered in a population-based database since 1981. The information has been recorded prospectively since 1992 and the main variables are: the patient’s unique civil registration number, date of sampling the first positive blood culture, date of admission, clinical department, date of notification of growth, place of acquisition, focus of infection, microbiological species, antibiogram, and empirical antimicrobial treatment. During the time from 1981 to 2008, information on 22,556 cases of bacteremia has been recorded. The civil registration number makes it possible to link the database to other medical databases and thereby build large cohorts with detailed longitudinal data that include hospital histories since 1977, comorbidity data, and complete follow-up of survival. The database is suited for epidemiological research and, presently, approximately 60 studies have been published. Other Danish departments of clinical microbiology have recently started to record the same information and a population base of 2.3 million will be available for future studies.

Sch?nheyder, Henrik C; S?gaard, Mette

2010-01-01

168

Solubility Database  

National Institute of Standards and Technology Data Gateway

SRD 106 IUPAC-NIST Solubility Database (Web, free access)   These solubilities are compiled from 18 volumes (Click here for List) of the International Union for Pure and Applied Chemistry(IUPAC)-NIST Solubility Data Series. The database includes liquid-liquid, solid-liquid, and gas-liquid systems. Typical solvents and solutes include water, seawater, heavy water, inorganic compounds, and a variety of organic compounds such as hydrocarbons, halogenated hydrocarbons, alcohols, acids, esters and nitrogen compounds. There are over 67,500 solubility measurements and over 1800 references.

169

Research Information Needs on Terrestrial Vertebrate Species of the Interior Columbia River Basin and Northern Portions of the Klamath and Great Basins: A Research, Development, and Application Database.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Research information needs on selected invertebrates and all vertebrates of the interior Columbia River basin and adjacent areas in the United States were collected into a research, development, and application database as part of the Interior Columbia Ba...

B. G. Marcot

1997-01-01

170

Attitudes and Behavior of UMCP Students and Employees toward the Maryland Student Union. Research Report No. 3-81.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attitudes and behavior of students and employees at The University of Maryland, College Park, regarding the Maryland Student Union (MSU) were surveyed. The typical respondent was a single, white, undergraduate female, who commuted to school and was likely to use the MSU approximately four times a week. There was a generally positive attitude…

Webster, Dennis W.; Sedlacek, William E.

171

Human health risk assessment database, 'the NHSRC toxicity value database': Supporting the risk assessment process at US EPA's National Homeland Security Research Center  

SciTech Connect

The toxicity value database of the United States Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) National Homeland Security Research Center has been in development since 2004. The toxicity value database includes a compilation of agent property, toxicity, dose-response, and health effects data for 96 agents: 84 chemical and radiological agents and 12 biotoxins. The database is populated with multiple toxicity benchmark values and agent property information from secondary sources, with web links to the secondary sources, where available. A selected set of primary literature citations and associated dose-response data are also included. The toxicity value database offers a powerful means to quickly and efficiently gather pertinent toxicity and dose-response data for a number of agents that are of concern to the nation's security. This database, in conjunction with other tools, will play an important role in understanding human health risks, and will provide a means for risk assessors and managers to make quick and informed decisions on the potential health risks and determine appropriate responses (e.g., cleanup) to agent release. A final, stand alone MS ACESSS working version of the toxicity value database was completed in November, 2007.

Moudgal, Chandrika J. [U.S. EPA/Office of Research and Development (ORD), National Homeland Security Research Center (NHSRC) (United States)], E-mail: moudgal.chandrika@epa.gov; Garrahan, Kevin; Brady-Roberts, Eletha [U.S. EPA/Office of Research and Development (ORD), National Homeland Security Research Center (NHSRC) (United States); Gavrelis, Naida; Arbogast, Michelle; Dun, Sarah [Eastern Research Group, Inc. (ERG) (United States)

2008-11-15

172

Knowledge production status of Iranian researchers in the gastric cancer area: based on the medline database.  

PubMed

Background: Scientometrics is a useful method for management of financial and human resources and has been applied many times in medical sciences during recent years. The aim of this study was to investigate the status of science production by Iranian scientists in the gastric cancer field based on the Medline database. Materials and Methods: In this descriptive-cross sectional study Iranian science production concerning gastric cancer during 2000-2011 was investigated based on Medline. After two stages of searching, 121 articles were found, then we reviewed publication date, authors names, journal title, impact factor (IF), and cooperation coefficient between researchers. SPSS.19 was used for statistical analysis. Results: There was a significant increase in published articles about gastric cancer by Iranian researchers in Medline database during 2006-2011. Mean cooperation coefficient between researchers was 6.14±3.29 person per article. Articles of this field were published in 19 countries and 56 journals. Those basex in Thailand, England, and America had the most published Iranian articles. Tehran University of Medical Sciences and Mohammadreza Zali had the most outstanding role in publishing scientific articles. Conclusions: According to results of this study, improving cooperation of researchers in conducting research and scientometric studies about other fields may have an important role in increasing both quality and quantity of published studies. PMID:24998590

Ghojazadeh, Morteza; Naghavi-Behzad, Mohammad; Nasrolah-Zadeh, Raheleh; Bayat-Khajeh, Parvaneh; Piri, Reza; Mirnia, Keyvan; Azami-Aghdash, Saber

2014-01-01

173

Modeling the High Speed Research Cycle 2B Longitudinal Aerodynamic Database Using Multivariate Orthogonal Functions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The data for longitudinal non-dimensional, aerodynamic coefficients in the High Speed Research Cycle 2B aerodynamic database were modeled using polynomial expressions identified with an orthogonal function modeling technique. The discrepancy between the tabular aerodynamic data and the polynomial models was tested and shown to be less than 15 percent for drag, lift, and pitching moment coefficients over the entire flight envelope. Most of this discrepancy was traced to smoothing local measurement noise and to the omission of mass case 5 data in the modeling process. A simulation check case showed that the polynomial models provided a compact and accurate representation of the nonlinear aerodynamic dependencies contained in the HSR Cycle 2B tabular aerodynamic database.

Morelli, E. A.; Proffitt, M. S.

1999-01-01

174

The use of federal and state databases to conduct health services research related to physical and occupational therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Freburger JK, Konrad TR. The use of federal and state databases to conduct health services research related to physical and occupational therapy. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2002;83:837-45. Objective: To describe the characteristics of a number of secondary databases that have the potential to answer questions related to the use of, access to, and effectiveness of physical therapy (PT) and occupational

Janet K. Freburger; Thomas R. Konrad

2002-01-01

175

High Tech High School Interns Develop a Mid-Ocean Ridge Database for Research and Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mid-ocean ridges (MOR) represent one of the most important geographical and geological features on planet Earth. MORs are the locations where plates spread apart, they are the locations of the majority of the Earths' volcanoes that harbor some of the most extreme life forms. These concepts attract much research, but mid-ocean ridges are still effectively underrepresented in the Earth science class rooms. As two High Tech High School students, we began an internship at Scripps to develop a database for mid-ocean ridges as a resource for science and education. This Ridge Catalog will be accessible via http://earthref.org/databases/RC/ and applies a similar structure, design and data archival principle as the Seamount Catalog under EarthRef.org. Major research goals of this project include the development of (1) an archival structure for multibeam and sidescan data, standard bathymetric maps (including ODP-DSDP drill site and dredge locations) or any other arbitrary digital objects relating to MORs, and (2) to compile a global data set for some of the most defining characteristics of every ridge segment including ridge segment length, depth and azimuth and half spreading rates. One of the challenges included the need of making MOR data useful to the scientist as well as the teacher in the class room. Since the basic structure follows the design of the Seamount Catalog closely, we could move our attention to the basic data population of the database. We have pulled together multibeam data for the MOR segments from various public archives (SIOExplorer, SIO-GDC, NGDC, Lamont), and pre-processed it for public use. In particular, we have created individual bathymetric maps for each ridge segment, while merging the multibeam data with global satellite bathymetry data from Smith & Sandwell (1997). The global scale of this database will give it the ability to be used for any number of applications, from cruise planning to data

Staudigel, D.; Delaney, R.; Staudigel, H.; Koppers, A. A.; Miller, S. P.

2004-12-01

176

Conference Proceedings: "Down Syndrome: National Conference on Patient Registries, Research Databases, and Biobanks"  

PubMed Central

A December 2010 meeting, “Down Syndrome: National Conference on Patient Registries, Research Databases, and Biobanks,” was jointly sponsored by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in Bethesda, MD, and the Global Down Syndrome Foundation (GDSF)/Linda Crnic Institute for Down Syndrome based in Denver, CO. Approximately 70 attendees and organizers from various advocacy groups, federal agencies (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and various NIH Institutes, Centers, and Offices), members of industry, clinicians, and researchers from various academic institutions were greeted by Drs. Yvonne Maddox, Deputy Director of NICHD, and Edward McCabe, Executive Director of the Linda Crnic Institute for Down Syndrome. They charged the participants to focus on the separate issues of contact registries, research databases, and biobanks through both podium presentations and breakout session discussions. Among the breakout groups for each of the major sessions, participants were asked to generate responses to questions posed by the organizers concerning these three research resources as they related to Down syndrome and then to report back to the group at large with a summary of their discussions. This report represents a synthesis of the discussions and suggested approaches formulated by the group as a whole.

Oster-Granite, Mary Lou; Parisi, Melissa A.; Abbeduto, Leonard; Berlin, Dorit S.; Bodine, Cathy; Bynum, Dana; Capone, George; Collier, Elaine; Hall, Dan; Kaeser, Lisa; Kaufmann, Petra; Krischer, Jeffrey; Livingston, Michelle; McCabe, Linda L.; Pace, Jill; Pfenninger, Karl; Rasmussen, Sonja A.; Reeves, Roger H.; Rubinstein, Yaffa; Sherman, Stephanie; Terry, Sharon F.; Whitten, Michelle Sie; Williams, Stephen; McCabe, Edward R.B.; Maddox, Yvonne T.

2011-01-01

177

Pattern Information Processing and Multimedia Database System - Current Research on Multimedia Information System,  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Multimedia database requires the integration of methodologies for pattern information processing, artificial intelligence and conventional database technology. In the paper, the framework of multimedia database is proposed from the viewpoint of open-ended...

T. Kato K. Fujimura

1987-01-01

178

Research on the electrochemistry of oxygen ion conductors in the former Soviet Union. II. Perovskite-related oxides  

Microsoft Academic Search

The review is devoted to the analysis of experimental results on electrochemical and physicochemical properties of the perovskite-related\\u000a oxide phases obtained at scientific centers of the former Soviet Union. The main attention is focused on oxides with high\\u000a electronic conductivity, which are potentially useful as electrodes for high-temperature electrochemical cells with oxygen-ion\\u000a conducting solid electrolytes and interconnectors of solid oxide

Vladislav V. Kharton; Aleksey A. Yaremchenko; Evgeny N. Naumovich

1999-01-01

179

Monitoring of equine health in Denmark: the importance, purpose, research areas and content of a future database.  

PubMed

The plentiful data on Danish horses are currently neither organized nor easily accessible, impeding register-based epidemiological studies on Danish horses. A common database could be beneficial. In principle, databases can contain a wealth of information, but no single database can serve every purpose. Hence the establishment of a Danish equine health database should be preceded by careful consideration of its purpose and content, and stakeholder attitudes should be investigated. The objectives of the present study were to identify stakeholder attitudes to the importance, purpose, research areas and content of a health database for horses in Denmark. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 13 horse-related stakeholder groups in Denmark. The groups surveyed included equine veterinarians, researchers, veterinary students, representatives from animal welfare organizations, horse owners, trainers, farriers, authority representatives, ordinary citizens, and representatives from laboratories, insurance companies, medical equipment companies and pharmaceutical companies. Supplementary attitudes were inferred from qualitative responses. The overall response rate for all stakeholder groups was 45%. Stakeholder group-specific response rates were 27-80%. Sixty-eight percent of questionnaire respondents thought a national equine health database was important. Most respondents wanted the database to contribute to improved horse health and welfare, to be used for research into durability and disease heritability, and to serve as a basis for health declarations for individual horses. The generally preferred purpose of the database was thus that it should focus on horse health and welfare rather than on performance or food safety, and that it should be able to function both at a population and an individual horse level. In conclusion, there is a positive attitude to the establishment of a health database for Danish horses. These results could enrich further reflection on the establishment of a Danish equine health database and prove useful to institutions abroad considering establishing similar databases. PMID:23194891

Hartig, Wendy; Houe, Hans; Andersen, Pia Haubro

2013-04-01

180

The European internet-based patient and research database for primary immunodeficiencies: results 2006-2008  

PubMed Central

Primary immunodeficiencies (PID) are rare diseases; therefore transnational studies are essential to maximize the scientific outcome and to improve diagnosis and therapy. In order to estimate the prevalence of PID in Europe as well as to establish and evaluate harmonized guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of PID, the European Society for Immunodeficiencies (ESID) has developed an internet-based database for clinical and research data on patients with PID. This database is a platform for epidemiological analyses as well as the development of new diagnostic and therapeutic strategies and the identification of novel disease-associated genes. Within 4 years, 7430 patients from 39 countries have been documented in the ESID database. Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) represents the most common entity, with 1540 patients or 20·7% of all entries, followed by isolated immunoglobulin (Ig)G subclass deficiency (546 patients, 7·4%). Evaluations show that the average life expectancy for PID patients varies from 1 to 49 years (median), depending on the type of PID. The prevalence and incidence of PID remains a key question to be answered. As the registration progress is far from finished we can only calculate minimum values for PID, with e.g. France currently showing a minimum prevalence of 3·72 patients per 100 000 inhabitants. The most frequently documented permanent treatment is immunoglobulin replacement; 2819 patients (42% of all patients alive) currently receive this form of treatment.

Gathmann, B; Grimbacher, B; Beaute, J; Dudoit, Y; Mahlaoui, N; Fischer, A; Knerr, V; Kindle, G

2009-01-01

181

Using the Turning Research Into Practice (TRIP) database: how do clinicians really search?*  

PubMed Central

Objectives: Clinicians and patients are increasingly accessing information through Internet searches. This study aimed to examine clinicians' current search behavior when using the Turning Research Into Practice (TRIP) database to examine search engine use and the ways it might be improved. Methods: A Web log analysis was undertaken of the TRIP database—a meta-search engine covering 150 health resources including MEDLINE, The Cochrane Library, and a variety of guidelines. The connectors for terms used in searches were studied, and observations were made of 9 users' search behavior when working with the TRIP database. Results: Of 620,735 searches, most used a single term, and 12% (n = 75,947) used a Boolean operator: 11% (n = 69,006) used “AND” and 0.8% (n = 4,941) used “OR.” Of the elements of a well-structured clinical question (population, intervention, comparator, and outcome), the population was most commonly used, while fewer searches included the intervention. Comparator and outcome were rarely used. Participants in the observational study were interested in learning how to formulate better searches. Conclusions: Web log analysis showed most searches used a single term and no Boolean operators. Observational study revealed users were interested in conducting efficient searches but did not always know how. Therefore, either better training or better search interfaces are required to assist users and enable more effective searching.

Meats, Emma; Brassey, Jon; Heneghan, Carl; Glasziou, Paul

2007-01-01

182

Scientific Research Database of the 2008 Ms8.0 Wenchuan Earthquake  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nearly 5 years after the 2008 Ms8.0 Wenchuan Earthquake, the Ms7.0 Lushan earthquake stroke 70km away along the same fault system. Given the tremendous life loss and property damages as well as the short time and distance intervals between the two large magnitude events, the scientific probing into their causing factors and future seismic activities in the nearby region will continue to be in the center of earthquake research in China and even the world for years to come. In the past five years, scientists have made significant efforts to study the Wenchuan earthquake from various aspects using different datasets and methods. Their studies cover a variety of topics including seismogenic environment, earthquake precursors, rupture process, co-seismic phenomenon, hazard relief, reservoir induced seismicity and more. These studies have been published in numerous journals in Chinese, English and many other languages. In addition, 54 books regarding to this earthquake have been published. The extremely diversified nature of all publications makes it very difficult and time-consuming, if not impossible, to sort out information needed by individual researcher in an efficient way. An information platform that collects relevant scientific information and makes them accessible in various ways can be very handy. With this mission in mind, the Earthquake Research Group in the Chengdu University of Technology has developed a website www.wceq.org to attack this target: (1) articles published by major journals and books are recorded into a database. Researchers will be able to find articles by topics, journals, publication dates, authors and keywords e.t.c by a few clicks; (2) to fast track the latest developments, researchers can also follow upon updates in the current month, last 90days, 180 days and 365 days by clicking on corresponding links; (3) the modern communication tools such as Facebook, Twitter and their Chinese counterparts are accommodated in this site to share favorite research information with friends; (4) This site also serves as a bridge between readers and authors by providing messaging boards in many forms; (5) we also track relevant meeting presentations, ongoing researches as well as earthquake-related news; (6) furthermore, we also collect publications of earthquakes in the eastern Tibetan plateau and selected ones from other regions for comparison purpose. After nearly one year of operation, the database has been growing steadily with time and the major functionalities have been well developed and stabilized. Up to August 6 2013, totally 847 papers have been collected in our database. Among them 673, 21 and 153 papers are of Wenchuan, Lushan and Tohoko earthquake in interest, respectively. For the Wenchuan earthquake articles, nearly 10%, 20%, 25%,15%, 15% are of studies in seismogenic environment, precursors, rupture process, hazard relief and aftershocks & coseismic events, respectively. Built upon the ever growing database, the next move would be to do more analysis. One ongoing project would be to collect figures from articles that are of special interest to people in the field. A parallel project will also start to extend the database to include Tibetan Plateau studies.

Liang, C.; Yang, Y.; Yu, Y.

2013-12-01

183

Assessing urology and nephrology research activity in Arab countries using ISI web of science bibliometric database  

PubMed Central

Background Bibliometric analysis is increasingly being used for research assessment. The main objective of this study was to assess research output in Urology and Nephrology subject from the Arab countries. Original scientific articles or reviews published from the 21 Arab countries in “Urology and Nephrology” subject were screened using the ISI Web of Science database. Research productivity was evaluated based on a methodology developed and used in other bibliometric studies by analyzing the annual productivity, names of journals, citations; top 10 active institution and authors as well as country contribution to Urology and Nephrology research. Results Three thousand and seventy six documents in “urology and nephrology” subject category were retrieved from 104 journals. This represents 1.4% of the global research output in “urology and nephrology”. Four hundred and two documents (12.66%) were published in Annales D Urologie Journal. The h-index of the retrieved documents was 57. The total number of citations, at the time of data analysis, was 30401 with an average citation of 9.57 per document. Egypt, with a total publication of 1284 (40.43%) ranked first among the Arab countries in “urology and nephrology” subject category. Mansoura University in Egypt was the most productive institution with a total of 561 (15.33%) documents. Arab researchers collaborated most with researchers from the United States of America (226; 7.12%) in urology and nephrology research. Conclusion The present data reveals a good contribution of some Arab countries to the field of “urology and nephrology”. More efforts are needed by some other Arab countries to bridge the gap in urology and nephrology research. Overall, the quality of urology/nephrology research is considered relatively high as measured by h-index. Cooperation in urology/nephrology research should be encouraged in the Arab world to bridge the gap with that from developed countries.

2014-01-01

184

JPRS Report, Soviet Union, Political Affairs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Partial Contents: Party, State Affairs, History, Philosophy, Religion, Culture, Social Issues, Regional Issues, Address, Ideological, Representatives, Pact, Contemporary Culture Conference, AIDS Research, Environmental, Natural resource, New Union, Radioa...

1988-01-01

185

World Database of Crystallographers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Database of Crystallographers and of Other Scientists Employing Crystallographic Methods is offered by the International Union of Crystallography. The simple database can be searched by family name, title, interests, address, and various other criteria. Results include basic information such as full name, position, institution address, degrees held, key interests, and contact information. Those seeking such specific information will appreciate this unique resource.

186

Existing data sources for clinical epidemiology: The clinical laboratory information system (LABKA) research database at Aarhus University, Denmark  

PubMed Central

This paper provides an introduction to the clinical laboratory information system (LABKA) research database in Northern and Central Denmark. The database contains millions of stored laboratory test results for patients living in the two Danish regions, encompassing 1.8 million residents, or one-third of the country’s population. More than 1700 different types of blood test analyses are available. Therefore, the LABKA research database represents an incredible source for studies involving blood test analyses. By record linkage of different Danish registries with the LABKA research database, it is possible to examine a large number of biomarkers as predictors of disease risk and prognosis and as markers of disease severity, and to evaluate medical treatments regarding effectiveness and possible side effects. Large epidemiological studies using routinely stored blood test results for individual patients can be performed because it is possible to link the laboratory data to high-quality individual clinical patient data in Denmark.

Grann, Anne Fia; Erichsen, Rune; Nielsen, Anders Gunnar; Fr?slev, Trine; Thomsen, Reimar W

2011-01-01

187

Food-pics: an image database for experimental research on eating and appetite  

PubMed Central

Our current environment is characterized by the omnipresence of food cues. The sight and smell of real foods, but also graphically depictions of appetizing foods, can guide our eating behavior, for example, by eliciting food craving and influencing food choice. The relevance of visual food cues on human information processing has been demonstrated by a growing body of studies employing food images across the disciplines of psychology, medicine, and neuroscience. However, currently used food image sets vary considerably across laboratories and image characteristics (contrast, brightness, etc.) and food composition (calories, macronutrients, etc.) are often unspecified. These factors might have contributed to some of the inconsistencies of this research. To remedy this, we developed food-pics, a picture database comprising 568 food images and 315 non-food images along with detailed meta-data. A total of N = 1988 individuals with large variance in age and weight from German speaking countries and North America provided normative ratings of valence, arousal, palatability, desire to eat, recognizability and visual complexity. Furthermore, data on macronutrients (g), energy density (kcal), and physical image characteristics (color composition, contrast, brightness, size, complexity) are provided. The food-pics image database is freely available under the creative commons license with the hope that the set will facilitate standardization and comparability across studies and advance experimental research on the determinants of eating behavior.

Blechert, Jens; Meule, Adrian; Busch, Niko A.; Ohla, Kathrin

2014-01-01

188

Exploring the Returns to Continuing Vocational Training in Enterprises. A Review of Research within and Outside of the European Union. CEDEFOP Pahnorama.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The returns on continuing vocational training (CVT) in enterprises were examined through a review of research on the returns on employer-provided training. A search of "Econ Lit," ERIC, and other databases identified more than 90 publications on the topic. Twenty-one publications examining the relationship between training inputs and training…

Barrett, Alan; Hovels, Ben; den Boer, Paul; Kraayvanger, Geert

189

Unions, Vitamins, Exercise: Unionized Graduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After the turbulent labor history of America in the early to mid twentieth century, there has been a general decline of unions. Nevertheless, many graduate school teaching assistants are unionizing in attempts to gain better pay and benefits and remove themselves from an "Ivory Sweatshop." This article discusses a history of unions within graduate…

Dewberry, David R.

2005-01-01

190

[Analysis of the Hungarian participation in the 6th European Union Framework Programme for Research, Technological Development and Demonstration in the thematic priority area of the life sciences].  

PubMed

The European Union launched the 6th Framework Programme for Research, Technological Development and Demonstration in 2002. Initially, Hungary participated in the 6th Framework Programme as an associate member, but since 2004 it has taken part as a Member State. Besides mobilizing their own resources, research organizations entering winning bids to framework programme tenders enjoy considerable financial support from the European Union, while participating states also contribute to the costs of the cooperation from their national budgets. Therefore, it is very important to recognize and evaluate the achievements of domestic participation. By collecting, processing and analyzing available data, the authors evaluate the bid activity and the successfulness of Hungarian research organizations in the thematic priority area covering life sciences of the 6th Framework Programme. When judging success, the authors not only consider the level of Community financial contribution, but also the participation of Hungarian researchers in international research networks. The article contains an analysis of the submitted and supported works from various aspects such as by year, calls for bids, research fields etc. for projects in the implementation of which Hungarian partners were also involved. The authors present the cost settlement methodologies applied, and traditional and new project types. They analyse the activity of coordinators and outline European expectations with regard to the participation of small and medium-sized enterprises and women. One of the important objectives of the analysis is to draw conclusions so that participants will be able to adapt them during the 7th Framework Programme, 2007-2013. PMID:17631471

Pörzse, Gábor; Temesi, Alfréda

2007-07-22

191

The European internet-based patient and research database for primary immunodeficiencies: update 2011  

PubMed Central

In order to build a common data pool and estimate the disease burden of primary immunodeficiencies (PID) in Europe, the European Society for Immunodeficiencies (ESID) has developed an internet-based database for clinical and research data on patients with PID. This database is a platform for epidemiological analyses as well as the development of new diagnostic and therapeutic strategies and the identification of novel disease-associated genes. Since its start in 2004, 13 708 patients from 41 countries have been documented in the ESID database. Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) represents the most common entity with 2880 patients or 21% of all entries, followed by selective immunoglobulin A (sIgA) deficiency (1424 patients, 10·4%). The total documented prevalence of PID is highest in France, with five patients per 100 000 inhabitants. The highest documented prevalence for a single disease is 1·3 per 100 000 inhabitants for sIgA deficiency in Hungary. The highest reported incidence of PID per 100 000 live births was 16·2 for the period 1999–2002 in France. The highest reported incidence rate for a single disease was 6·7 for sIgA deficiency in Spain for the period 1999–2002. The genetic cause was known in 36·2% of all registered patients. Consanguinity was reported in 8·8%, and 18·5% of patients were reported to be familial cases; 27·9% of patients were diagnosed after the age of 16. We did not observe a significant decrease in the diagnostic delay for most diseases between 1987 and 2010. The most frequently reported long-term medication is immunoglobulin replacement.

Gathmann, B; Binder, N; Ehl, S; Kindle, G

2012-01-01

192

The impact of the European financial crisis on clinical research within the European union or "when life gives you lemons, make lemonade"  

PubMed Central

The European Union (EU) and the world are faced with unprecedented economic challenges, which if allowed to persist could threaten its continued existence in its current form as a union. Furthermore, these same financial challenges can easily translate into societal hardship. The biomedical and pharmaceutical industries of the U.S. and Europe have been in the midst of severe financial constraints over the last few years, which will worsen in the coming years. A critical factor is a financial crisis that appears to be spreading like wildfire through Europe, with 3 of its oldest members (Greece, Ireland, Portugal) already having enlisted the aid of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to avoid bankruptcy, and with the possibility of others to follow (Italy, Spain). Adding to this the increasing cost of introducing new medications and devices, and conducting clinical research, as well as the tightening regulatory pressures and the drying pharmaceutical pipelines, cost cutting pressures are mounting on pharmaceutical industries and the biomedical sector, whether in academia or in industry. This paper will attempt to highlight some of the problems that clinical research in Europe may be facing, as well as discuss some of the potential solutions. Although this will by no means be an exhaustive analysis, the goal is to show that times of financial hardship, such as the current one, may also provide the impetus for constructive change.

Tsoulfas, G

2012-01-01

193

Turning Text into Research Networks: Information Retrieval and Computational Ontologies in the Creation of Scientific Databases  

PubMed Central

Background Web-based, free-text documents on science and technology have been increasing growing on the web. However, most of these documents are not immediately processable by computers slowing down the acquisition of useful information. Computational ontologies might represent a possible solution by enabling semantically machine readable data sets. But, the process of ontology creation, instantiation and maintenance is still based on manual methodologies and thus time and cost intensive. Method We focused on a large corpus containing information on researchers, research fields, and institutions. We based our strategy on traditional entity recognition, social computing and correlation. We devised a semi automatic approach for the recognition, correlation and extraction of named entities and relations from textual documents which are then used to create, instantiate, and maintain an ontology. Results We present a prototype demonstrating the applicability of the proposed strategy, along with a case study describing how direct and indirect relations can be extracted from academic and professional activities registered in a database of curriculum vitae in free-text format. We present evidence that this system can identify entities to assist in the process of knowledge extraction and representation to support ontology maintenance. We also demonstrate the extraction of relationships among ontology classes and their instances. Conclusion We have demonstrated that our system can be used for the conversion of research information in free text format into database with a semantic structure. Future studies should test this system using the growing number of free-text information available at the institutional and national levels.

Ceci, Flavio; Pietrobon, Ricardo; Goncalves, Alexandre Leopoldo

2012-01-01

194

Potential identification of pediatric asthma patients within pediatric research database using low rank matrix decomposition.  

PubMed

Asthma is a prevalent disease in pediatric patients and most of the cases begin at very early years of life in children. Early identification of patients at high risk of developing the disease can alert us to provide them the best treatment to manage asthma symptoms. Often evaluating patients with high risk of developing asthma from huge data sets (e.g., electronic medical record) is challenging and very time consuming, and lack of complex analysis of data or proper clinical logic determination might produce invalid results and irrelevant treatments. In this article, we used data from the Pediatric Research Database (PRD) to develop an asthma prediction model from past All Patient Refined Diagnosis Related Groupings (APR-DRGs) coding assignments. The knowledge gleamed in this asthma prediction model, from both routinely use by physicians and experimental findings, will become fused into a knowledge-based database for dissemination to those involved with asthma patients. Success with this model may lead to expansion with other diseases. PMID:24073842

Viangteeravat, Teeradache

2013-01-01

195

Phenotypic Information in Genomic Variant Databases Enhances Clinical Care and Research: The ISCA Consortium Experience  

PubMed Central

Whole genome analysis, now including whole genome sequencing, is moving rapidly into the clinical setting, leading to detection of human variation on a broader scale than ever before. Interpreting this information will depend on the availability of thorough and accurate phenotype information, and the ability to curate, store, and access data on genotype-phenotype relationships. This idea has already been demonstrated within the context of chromosome microarray (CMA) testing. The International Standards for Cytogenomic Arrays (ISCA) Consortium promotes standardization of variant interpretation for this technology through its initiatives, including the formation of a publicly available database housing clinical CMA data. Recognizing that phenotypic data is essential for the interpretation of genomic variants, the ISCA Consortium has developed tools to facilitate the collection of this data and its deposition in a standardized, structured format within the ISCA Consortium database. This rich source of phenotypic data can also be used within broader applications, such as developing phenotypic profiles of emerging genomic disorders, the identification of candidate regions for particular phenotypes, or the creation of tools for use in clinical practice. We summarize the ISCA experience as a model for ongoing efforts incorporating phenotype data with genotype data to improve the quality of research and clinical care in human genetics.

Riggs, Erin Rooney; Jackson, Laird; Miller, David T.; Van Vooren, Steven

2012-01-01

196

Logical and Physical Modeling and Design of Scientific and Statistical Databases for Energy Research. Final Technical Report, July 1, 1981-May 31, 1984.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Research is summarized in these areas: semantic modeling and language design; complex data types; database mapping and integration; physical design; and parallel algorithms and database machines. 158 refs. (ERA citation 10:033110)

S. Y. W. Su S. B. Navathe D. S. Batory

1984-01-01

197

U.S. Department of Energy Human Subjects Research Database (HSRD) A model for internal oversight and external transparency  

SciTech Connect

This poster introduces the Department of Energy (DOE) Human Subjects Research Database (HSRD), which contains information on all Department of Energy research projects involving human subjects that: are funded by DOE; are conducted in DOE facilities; are performed by DOE personnel; include current or former DOE or contract personnel.

Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE)

2012-12-12

198

Building Ocean Profile-Plankton Databases for Climate and Ecosystem Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

We document the history and progress of two international ocean data management projects that have the goal of building the most comprehensive ocean profile-plankton databases possible. Such databases are crucial for scientific progress in determining the...

S. Levitus S. Sato C. Maillard N. Mikhailov P. Caldwell

2005-01-01

199

Propellant Mass Gauging: Database of Vehicle Applications and Research and Development Studies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Gauging the mass of propellants in a tank in low gravity is not a straightforward task because of the uncertainty of the liquid configuration in the tank and the possibility of there being more than one ullage bubble. Several concepts for such a low-gravity gauging system have been proposed, and breadboard or flight-like versions have been tested in normal gravity or even in low gravity, but at present, a flight-proven reliable gauging system is not available. NASA desired a database of the gauging techniques used in current and past vehicles during ascent or under settled conditions, and during short coasting (unpowered) periods, for both cryogenic and storable propellants. Past and current research and development efforts on gauging systems that are believed to be applicable in low-gravity conditions were also desired. This report documents the results of that survey.

Dodge, Franklin T.

2008-01-01

200

Hollow-Bone-Graft Dynamic Hip Screw Can Fix and Promote Bone Union after Femoral Neck Fracture: an Experimental Research  

PubMed Central

Background: Delayed bone union, nonunion or osteonecrosis often occur after femoral neck fractures in young adults. Secondary bone healing requires strong internal fixation, intramedullary pressure reduction and early functional exercise. Objective: To compare bone healing of femoral neck fractures treated with hollow-bone-graft dynamic hip screws (Hb-DHS) and standard dynamic hip screws (DHS) in an animal model. Design: Testing of specifically designed fixation devices in a pig animal model. Interventions/Methods: We designed Hb-DHS and DHS devices appropriate to the femoral neck and head of experimental animals and used them in eight pigs (4-month-old, male or female, 30-40 kg/each). Under anesthesia, we induced medium neck type, Garden III type femoral neck fractures in each pig with fracture gaps of 0.5 mm and then fixed each left femur with Hb-DHS and each right femur with DHS. We assessed the animals radiographically and by postmortem visual appraisal of evidence of bone healing 8 and 16 weeks postoperatively. Results: There were significant differences in radiographic and general findings between the Hb-DHS and DHS groups at weeks 8 and 16 postoperatively. We found statistically significant differences between the Hb-DHS and DHS groups in bone healing scores, trabecular bone volume percentage and bone mineral density as assessed on plain radiographs and computed tomography images (P < 0.05). There were also significant differences between the Hb-DHS and DHS groups in postmortem visually assessed indicators of bone healing at both 8 and 16 weeks postoperatively. Conclusions: The Hb-DHS device promotes femoral neck bone union, stimulates trabecular bone formation, increases BMD and has advantages over DHS for internal fixation of femoral neck fractures. This animal experiment will contribute to developing optimal treatment for femoral neck fractures in young adults.

SHEN, Jia-zuo; YAO, Jian-fei; LIN, Da-sheng; LIAN, Ke-jian; DING, Zhen-qi; LIN, Bin; GUO, Zhi-min; ZHANG, Ming-hua; LI, Qiang; LI, Lin; QI, Peng

2012-01-01

201

State of the Unions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the corrupt leadership of two big-city teachers' unions, the Washington Teachers Union (WTU) and its Miami cousin, United Teachers of Dade (UTD), that took both unions to the brink of despair and financial ruin. While the feds were rifling through union files to build extensive criminal investigations, congress called Sandra…

Blair, Julie

2004-01-01

202

In search of yoga: Research trends in a western medical database  

PubMed Central

Context: The promotion of yoga practice as a preventative and treatment therapy for health outcomes in the western hemisphere is increasing rapidly. As the commercial success of yoga burgeons in popular culture, it is important to investigate the trends of yoga as a therapeutic intervention in academic literature. The free-access search engine, PubMed is a preeminent resource to identify health-related research articles published for academics, health practitioners and others. Aims: To report the recent yoga-related publications in the western healthcare context with particular interest in the subject and type of yoga titles. Materials and Methods: A bibliometric analysis to describe the annual trends in publication on PubMed from January 1950 to December 2012. Results: The number of yoga-related titles included in the PubMed database is limited until a marked increase 2000 and steady surge since 2007. Bibliometric analysis indicates that more than 200 new titles are added per annum since 2011. Systematic reviews and yoga trials are increasing exponentially, indicating a potential increase in the quality of evidence. Titles including pain management, stress or anxiety, depression and cancer conditions are highly correlated with yoga and healthcare research. Conclusions: The prevalence of yoga research in western healthcare is increasing. The marked increase in volume indicates the need for more systematic analysis of the literature in terms of quality and results.

McCall, Marcy C

2014-01-01

203

SyStemCell: A Database Populated with Multiple Levels of Experimental Data from Stem Cell Differentiation Research  

PubMed Central

Elucidation of the mechanisms of stem cell differentiation is of great scientific interest. Increasing evidence suggests that stem cell differentiation involves changes at multiple levels of biological regulation, which together orchestrate the complex differentiation process; many related studies have been performed to investigate the various levels of regulation. The resulting valuable data, however, remain scattered. Most of the current stem cell-relevant databases focus on a single level of regulation (mRNA expression) from limited stem cell types; thus, a unifying resource would be of great value to compile the multiple levels of research data available. Here we present a database for this purpose, SyStemCell, deposited with multi-level experimental data from stem cell research. The database currently covers seven levels of stem cell differentiation-associated regulatory mechanisms, including DNA CpG 5-hydroxymethylcytosine/methylation, histone modification, transcript products, microRNA-based regulation, protein products, phosphorylation proteins and transcription factor regulation, all of which have been curated from 285 peer-reviewed publications selected from PubMed. The database contains 43,434 genes, recorded as 942,221 gene entries, for four organisms (Homo sapiens, Mus musculus, Rattus norvegicus, and Macaca mulatta) and various stem cell sources (e.g., embryonic stem cells, neural stem cells and induced pluripotent stem cells). Data in SyStemCell can be queried by Entrez gene ID, symbol, alias, or browsed by specific stem cell type at each level of genetic regulation. An online analysis tool is integrated to assist researchers to mine potential relationships among different regulations, and the potential usage of the database is demonstrated by three case studies. SyStemCell is the first database to bridge multi-level experimental information of stem cell studies, which can become an important reference resource for stem cell researchers. The database is available at http://lifecenter.sgst.cn/SyStemCell/.

Zeng, Lingyao; Sun, Jiehuan; Li, Wei; Sun, Han; He, Ying; Li, Jing; Zhang, Guoqing; Wang, Chuan; Li, Yixue; Xie, Lu

2012-01-01

204

The Developmental Brain Disorders Database (DBDB): a curated neurogenetics knowledge base with clinical and research applications.  

PubMed

The number of single genes associated with neurodevelopmental disorders has increased dramatically over the past decade. The identification of causative genes for these disorders is important to clinical outcome as it allows for accurate assessment of prognosis, genetic counseling, delineation of natural history, inclusion in clinical trials, and in some cases determines therapy. Clinicians face the challenge of correctly identifying neurodevelopmental phenotypes, recognizing syndromes, and prioritizing the best candidate genes for testing. However, there is no central repository of definitions for many phenotypes, leading to errors of diagnosis. Additionally, there is no system of levels of evidence linking genes to phenotypes, making it difficult for clinicians to know which genes are most strongly associated with a given condition. We have developed the Developmental Brain Disorders Database (DBDB: https://www.dbdb.urmc.rochester.edu/home), a publicly available, online-curated repository of genes, phenotypes, and syndromes associated with neurodevelopmental disorders. DBDB contains the first referenced ontology of developmental brain phenotypes, and uses a novel system of levels of evidence for gene-phenotype associations. It is intended to assist clinicians in arriving at the correct diagnosis, select the most appropriate genetic test for that phenotype, and improve the care of patients with developmental brain disorders. For researchers interested in the discovery of novel genes for developmental brain disorders, DBDB provides a well-curated source of important genes against which research sequencing results can be compared. Finally, DBDB allows novel observations about the landscape of the neurogenetics knowledge base. PMID:24700709

Mirzaa, Ghayda M; Millen, Kathleen J; Barkovich, A James; Dobyns, William B; Paciorkowski, Alex R

2014-06-01

205

MDB: the Metalloprotein Database and Browser at The Scripps Research Institute  

PubMed Central

The Metalloprotein Database and Browser (MDB; http://metallo.scripps.edu) at The Scripps Research Institute is a web-accessible resource for metalloprotein research. It offers the scientific community quantitative information on geometrical parameters of metal-binding sites in protein structures available from the Protein Data Bank (PDB). The MDB also offers analytical tools for the examination of trends or patterns in the indexed metal-binding sites. A user can perform interactive searches, metal-site structure visualization (via a Java applet), and analysis of the quantitative data by accessing the MDB through a web browser without requiring an external application or platform-dependent plugin. The MDB also has a non-interactive interface with which other web sites and network-aware applications can seamlessly incorporate data or statistical analysis results from metal-binding sites. The information contained in the MDB is periodically updated with automated algorithms that find and index metal sites from new protein structures released by the PDB.

Castagnetto, Jesus M.; Hennessy, Sean W.; Roberts, Victoria A.; Getzoff, Elizabeth D.; Tainer, John A.; Pique, Michael E.

2002-01-01

206

Copernicus benefits the Norwegian Satellite Earth Observation Database for Marine and Polar Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Norwegian Satellite Earth Observation Database for Marine and Polar Research (NORMAP) is developed for creating and maintaining a repository of Earth Observation data over the high latitude and Arctic regions to facilitate, stimulate and strengthen high quality and original multidisciplinary Earth System research, application, exploitation and education in marine, polar and climate sciences. As such it is complementing and supporting the Norwegian strategy for advancing these science disciplines in the high latitude and Arctic regions. In the international arena, NORMAP benefits and complements the EU GMES MyOcean project, and other previous GMES downstream services such as AQUAMAR, MONARCH-A, SIDARUS, etc. With the launch of the first Sentinel-1 mission NORMAP will be reinforced by the new data flow from the Copernicus Space Component. NORMAP is also acquiring data from a multitude of other satellites through the unified Copernicus system and will become one of the national thematic information services designed to benefit the environmental monitoring and support effective policy-making.

Korosov, Anton; Johannessen, Johnny

2014-05-01

207

[Project evidência [evidence]: research and education about accessing scientific databases in Azores].  

PubMed

Project Evidência [Evidence] intends to promote the use of scientific databases among nurses. This study aims to design educational interventions that facilitate nurses' access to these databases, to determine nurses' habits regarding the use of scientific databases, and to determine the impact that educational interventions on scientific databases have on Azorean nurses who volunteered for this project. An intervention project was conducted, and a quantitative descriptive survey was designed to evaluate the impact two and five months after the educational intervention. This impact was investigated considering certain aspects, namely, the nurses' knowledge, habits and reasons for using scientific databases. A total of 192 nurses participated in this study, and the primary results indicate that the educational intervention had a positive impact based not only on the increased frequency of using platforms or databases of scientific information (DSIs) s but also on the competence and self-awareness regarding its use and consideration of the reasons for accessing this information. PMID:23743919

Soares, Hélia; Pereira, Sandra M; Neves, Ajuda; Gomes, Amy; Teixeira, Bruno; Oliveira, Carolina; Sousa, Fábio; Tavares, Márcio; Tavares, Patrícia; Dutra, Raquel; Pereira, Hélder Rocha

2013-04-01

208

Intermittent hypoxia research in the former soviet union and the commonwealth of independent States: history and review of the concept and selected applications.  

PubMed

This review aims to summarize the basic research in the field of intermittent hypoxia in the Soviet Union and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) that scientists in other Western countries may not be familiar with, since Soviet scientists were essentially cut off from the global scientific community for about 60 years. In the 1930s the concept of repeated hypoxic training was developed and the following induction methods were utilized: repeated stays at high-mountain camps for several weeks, regular high altitude flights by plane, training in altitude chambers, and training by inhalation of low-oxygen-gas mixtures. To the present day, intermittent hypoxic training (IHT) has been used extensively for altitude preacclimatization; for the treatment of a variety of clinical disorders, including chronic lung diseases, bronchial asthma, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, Parkinson's disease, emotional disorders, and radiation toxicity, in prophylaxis of certain occupational diseases; and in sports. The basic mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of IHT are mainly in three areas: regulation of respiration, free-radical production, and mitochondrial respiration. It was found that IHT induces increased ventilatory sensitivity to hypoxia, as well as other hypoxia-related physiological changes, such as increased hematopoiesis, alveolar ventilation and lung diffusion capacity, and alterations in the autonomic nervous system. Due to IHT, antioxidant defense mechanisms are stimulated, cellular membranes become more stable, Ca(2+) elimination from the cytoplasm is increased, and O(2) transport in tissues is improved. IHT induces changes within mitochondria, involving NAD-dependent metabolism, that increase the efficiency of oxygen utilization in ATP production. These effects are mediated partly by NO-dependent reactions. The marked individual variability both in animals and humans in the response to, and tolerance of, hypoxia is described. Studies from the Soviet Union and the CIS significantly contributed to the understanding of intermittent hypoxia and its possible beneficial effects and should stimulate further research in this direction in other countries. PMID:12162864

Serebrovskaya, Tatiana V

2002-01-01

209

Union commitment and participation: a 10-year longitudinal study.  

PubMed

The authors longitudinally investigated the causal nature of the relationship between union commitment and participation in informal union activities. A total of 134 members of the National Association of Letter Carriers were studied over a 10-year period. Using cross-lagged regression analysis, early union commitment was found to predict the level of informal union participation 10 years later. The reverse and reciprocal relationships were not supported. These findings support and extend earlier research on the causal nature of the short-term relationship between union commitment and participation. The implications of the findings for researchers and labor unions are discussed. PMID:15327358

Fullagar, Clive J; Gallagher, Daniel G; Clark, Paul F; Carroll, Anthony E

2004-08-01

210

The research of network database security technology based on web service  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Database technology is one of the most widely applied computer technologies, its security is becoming more and more important. This paper introduced the database security, network database security level, studies the security technology of the network database, analyzes emphatically sub-key encryption algorithm, applies this algorithm into the campus-one-card system successfully. The realization process of the encryption algorithm is discussed, this method is widely used as reference in many fields, particularly in management information system security and e-commerce.

Meng, Fanxing; Wen, Xiumei; Gao, Liting; Pang, Hui; Wang, Qinglin

2013-03-01

211

Modeling plant-level industrial energy demand with the Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) database and the Longitudinal Research Database (LRD)  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses Phase 1 of a project to help the US Department of Energy determine the applicability of the Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) database and the Longitudinal Research Database (LRD) for industrial modeling and analysis. Research was conducted at the US Bureau of the Census; disclosure of the MECS/LRD data used as a basis for this report was subject to the Bureau`s confidentiality restriction. The project is designed to examine the plant-level energy behavior of energy-intensive industries. In Phase 1, six industries at the four-digit standard industrial classification (SIC) level were studied. The utility of analyzing four-digit SIC samples at the plant level is mixed, but the plant-level structure of the MECS/LRD makes analyzing samples disaggregated below the four-digit level feasible, particularly when the MECS/LRD data are combined with trade association or other external data. When external data are used, the validity of using value of shipments as a measure of output for analyzing energy use can also be examined. Phase 1 results indicate that technical efficiency and the distribution of energy intensities vary significantly at the plant level. They also show that the six industries exhibit monopsony-like behavior; that is, energy prices vary significantly at the plant level, with lower prices being correlated with a higher level of energy consumption. Finally, they show to what degree selected energy-intensive products are manufactured outside their primary industry.

Boyd, G.A.; Neifer, M.J.; Ross, M.H.

1992-08-01

212

The Effect of Unions on Human Capitol Investments and Returns.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Most previous research has predicted and found that unions reduce employees' returns to all human capital, but has used proxies for total work experience. This study uses direct, detailed measures of work experience. Union influence on job evaluation and ...

C. L. Maranto

1982-01-01

213

Research on an Expert System for Database Operation of Simulation-Emulation Math Models. Volume 1. Phase 1: Results.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The results of the first phase of Research on an Expert System for Database Operation of Simulation/Emulation Math Models, is described. Techniques from artificial intelligence (AI) were to bear on task domains of interest to NASA Marshall Space Flight Ce...

K. Kawamura G. O. Beale J. D. Schaffer B. J. Hsieh S. Padalkar

1985-01-01

214

Patterns of Undergraduates' Use of Scholarly Databases in a Large Research University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Authentication data was utilized to explore undergraduate usage of subscription electronic databases. These usage patterns were linked to the information literacy curriculum of the library. The data showed that out of the 26,208 enrolled undergraduate students, 42% of them accessed a scholarly database at least once in the course of the entire…

Mbabu, Loyd Gitari; Bertram, Albert; Varnum, Ken

2013-01-01

215

IBN SINA: a database for research on processing and understanding of Arabic manuscripts images  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the steps that have been undertaken in order to develop the IBN SINA database, which is designed to apply learning techniques in the processing and understanding of document images. The description of the preparation process, including preprocessing, feature extraction and labeling, is provided. The database has been evaluated using classification techniques, such as the SVM classifiers. In

Reza Farrahi Moghaddam; Mohamed Cheriet; Mathias M. Adankon; Kostyantyn Filonenko; Robert Wisnovsky

2010-01-01

216

The Research Potential of the Electronic OED Database at the University of Waterloo: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the history and structure of the online database of the second edition of the Oxford English Dictionary (OED) and the software tools developed at the University of Waterloo to manipulate the unusually complex database. Four sample searches that indicate some types of problems that might be encountered are appended. (DB)

Berg, Donna Lee

1991-01-01

217

Adolescent Violent Victimization and Precocious Union Formation*  

PubMed Central

This article bridges scholarship in criminology and family sociology by extending arguments about “precocious exits” from adolescence to consider early union formation as a salient outcome of violent victimization for youths. Research indicates that early union formation is associated with several negative outcomes; yet the absence of attention to union formation as a consequence of violent victimization is noteworthy. We address this gap by drawing on life course theory and data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) to examine the effect of violent victimization (“street” violence) on the timing of first co-residential union formation—differentiating between marriage and cohabitation—in young adulthood. Estimates from Cox proportional hazard models show that adolescent victims of street violence experience higher rates of first union formation, especially marriage, early in the transition to adulthood; however, this effect declines with age, as such unions become more normative. Importantly, the effect of violent victimization on first union timing is robust to controls for nonviolent delinquency, substance abuse, and violent perpetration. We conclude by discussing directions for future research on the association between violent victimization and coresidential unions with an eye toward the implications of such early union formation for desistance.

C. Kuhl, Danielle; Warner, David F.; Wilczak, Andrew

2013-01-01

218

International Union of Pure and Applied Physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP) was established in 1922. The aims of the Union are to stimulate and promote international cooperation in physics; to promote international agreements on other use of symbols, units, nomenclature and standards; to foster free circulation of scientists; and to encourage research and education.

2009-05-22

219

Juvenile Huntington's disease: a population-based study using the General Practice Research Database  

PubMed Central

Background The juvenile form of Huntington's disease (HD) is a rare disorder. There are no population-based estimates of either its incidence or prevalence in any population in the world. The present study was undertaken to estimate the frequency of juvenile HD in the UK and to examine the range of pharmacological treatments used in its management. Method The records of individuals under the age of 21 who had recorded diagnoses of HD were retrieved from the General Practice Research Database from 1990 through 2010. From these data estimates of incidence and prevalence were made as well as the specific treatments used in the treatment of its physical and psychological manifestations. Results 12 incident and 21 prevalent patients with juvenile HD were identified. The 21 prevalent cases included the 12 incident cases. The minimum population-based estimate of incidence is 0.70 (95% CI 0.36 to 1.22) per million patient-years. The minimum estimate of prevalence is 6.77/million (95% CI 5.60 to 8.12) per million patient-years. Patients were most frequently prescribed antidepressants, hypnotics, antipsychotics and treatments for motor abnormalities. Conclusions In the UK, juvenile HD is an extremely rare and complex disorder. The prescribing data demonstrate that the clinical management of juvenile HD is undertaken with no formal evidence base for the efficacy or safety of the treatments used. Research into the safety and efficacy of appropriate therapies is urgently required to offset the haphazard nature of prescribing. Multinational collaboration will be necessary to enrol sufficient numbers. Exploratory studies, though, should begin now.

Douglas, Ian; Evans, Stephen; Rawlins, Michael D; Smeeth, Liam; Tabrizi, Sarah J; Wexler, Nancy S

2013-01-01

220

Accuracy of ICD-9-CM coding of cervical spine fractures: Implications for research using administrative databases  

PubMed Central

Objective ICD-9-CM codes are often used for trauma research due to their ready availability in administrative databases. They are also used to classify injury severity in trauma patients. However, errors in coding may limit the use of these codes. Prior studies have found coding accuracy ranging from 20 to 100%, casting doubt on the reliability of studies utilizing these codes. The goal of this study was to determine the accuracy of ICD-9-CM coding for cervical spine fractures. Methods We used ICD-9-CM codes to identify trauma admissions and cervical spine fractures at a Level I trauma center in 2006. Cervical spine CT or CTA reports were reviewed by two independent observers. Data were compared to ICD-9-CM codes to determine accuracy. Results Of 1620 trauma admissions, 174 (11%) included a cervical spine fracture defined by ICD-9-CM codes. A cervical spine fracture was the primary diagnosis in 79 admissions and a secondary diagnosis in 63 admissions. Of the 142 cervical spine fractures defined by ICD-9-CM code, there were 133 (94%) cervical fractures by radiology report. Accuracy varied by primary diagnosis (97%) versus secondary diagnosis (89%). By cervical level, there were 230 fractures by CT report. Of these, 7% of ICD-9-CM codes documented a fractured level not noted in the CT report. Conversely, 14% of fractured levels noted by CT report did not have a corresponding ICD-9-CM code. Implications We found an overall 94% accuracy of ICD-9-CM coding compared to radiology reports. Inaccuracy of coding fracture level ranged from 7 to 14%. Researchers using these codes should refer back to the medical record or perform a sensitivity analysis to improve reliability.

Miller, Matthew L.; Wang, Marjorie C.

2008-01-01

221

Soviet Union Republic Affairs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report contains open source material from the Soviet Union on a wide range of republic political, economic, military and social issues. Material on the Soviet Repurblic that was previously published in the JPRS reports on Soviet Union political affair...

1992-01-01

222

Soviet Union Republic Affairs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report contains open source material from the Soviet Union on a wide range of republic political, economic, military and social issues. Material on the Soviet Republic that was previously published in the JPRS reports on Soviet Union political affairs...

1991-01-01

223

International Union Against Cancer (UICC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

International Union Against Cancer is devoted exclusively to all aspects of the worldwide fight against cancer. Its objectives are to advance scientific and medical knowledge in research, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of cancer and to promote all other aspects of the campaign against cancer throughout the world. Particular emphasis is placed on professional and public education.

1997-01-01

224

LLNL's Regional Model Calibration and Body-Wave Discrimination Research in the Former Soviet Union using Peaceful Nuclear Explosions (PNEs)  

SciTech Connect

Long-range seismic profiles from Peaceful Nuclear Explosions (PNE) in the Former Soviet Union (FSU) provide a unique data set to investigate several important issues in regional Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) monitoring. The recording station spacing ({approx}15 km) allows for extremely dense sampling of the propagation from the source to {approx} 3300 km. This allows us to analyze the waveforms at local, near- and far-regional and teleseismic distances. These data are used to: (1) study the evolution of regional phases and phase amplitude ratios along the profile; (2) infer one-dimensional velocity structure along the profile; and (3) evaluate the spatial correlation of regional and teleseismic travel times and regional phase amplitude ratios. We analyzed waveform data from four PNE's (m{sub b} = 5.1-5.6) recorded along profile KRATON, which is an east-west trending profile located in northern Sibertil. Short-period regional discriminants, such as P/S amplitude ratios, will be essential for seismic monitoring of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) at small magnitudes (m{sub b} < 4.0). However, P/S amplitude ratios in the short-period band, 0.5-5.0 Hz, show some scatter. This scatter is primarily due to propagation and site effects, which arise from variability in the elastic and anelastic structure of the crustal waveguide. Preliminary results show that Pg and Lg propagate efficiently in north Siberia at regional distances. The amplitude ratios show some variability between adjacent stations that are modeled by simple distance trends. The effect of topography, sediment and crustal thickness, and upper mantle discontinuities on these ratios, after removal of the distance trends, will be investigated. The travel times of the body wave phases recorded on KEATON have been used to compute the one-dimensional structure of the crust and upper mantle in this region. The path-averaged one-dimensional velocity model was computed by minimizing the first arriving P-phase travel-time residuals for all distances ({Delta} = 300-2300 km). A grid search approach was used in the minimization. The most significant features of this model are the negative lid-gradient and a low-velocity zone in the upper mantle between the depths of 100-200 km; precise location of the LVZ is poorly constrained by the travel time data. We will extend our investigation to additional PNE lines to further investigate the amplitude and travel-time variations in eastern and central Eurasia. Finally, the dense station spacing of the PNE profiles allows us to model the spatial correlation of travel times and amplitude ratios through variogram modeling. The statistical analysis suggests that the correlation lengths of the travel-time and amplitude measurements are 12{sup o} and 10{sup o}, respectively.

Bhattacharyya, J.; Rodgers, A.; Swenson, J.; Schultz, C.; Walter, W.; Mooney, W.; Clitheroe, G.

2000-07-14

225

Internet Based Open Access Crystallographic Databases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Two freely accessible crystallographic databases are discussed: the Crystallographic Open Database (COD, http://crystallography.net) which contains over 37,000 crystal structures, and the Nano-Crystallography Database (NCD, http://nanocrystallography.research.pdx.edu) which we recently started to support image-based nanocrystallography and (nano) materials science education. Both databases collect crystallographic relevant information in a standardized format; the Crystallographic Information File (CIF). CIF is the standard file format adopted by the International Union of Crystallography (http://iucr.org) for the archiving and distribution of crystallographic information. A subset of the COD, the Predicted Crystallographic Online Database, allows for 3D structural displays of structural polyhedra and wireframes of approximately 2,600 entries. Since electron microscopist are interested in simple, yet technologically important materials, the crystallographic information for those materials will be included in our database. At our NCD site, entries in the COD and the NCD can be visualized in three dimensions (3D) along with (2D) lattice fringe fingerprints plots. The latter supports the identification of unknown nanocrystal phases from high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) images. Morphological crystal information from the database ``Bestimmungstabellen f"ur Kristalle/ ???????????? ??????????,'' (A.K. Boldyrew and W.W. Doliwo-Dobrowolsky, Zentrales Wissenschaftlichers Institute der Geologie und Sch"urfung, Leningrad/ Moscow, 1937/1939) will also be included in the NCD to support image-based nanocrystallography in 3D.

Upreti, Girish; Seipel, Bjoern; Harvey, Morgan; Garrick, Will; Moeck, Peter

2006-05-01

226

Comprehensive research synopsis and systematic meta-analyses in Parkinson's disease genetics: The PDGene database.  

PubMed

More than 800 published genetic association studies have implicated dozens of potential risk loci in Parkinson's disease (PD). To facilitate the interpretation of these findings, we have created a dedicated online resource, PDGene, that comprehensively collects and meta-analyzes all published studies in the field. A systematic literature screen of -27,000 articles yielded 828 eligible articles from which relevant data were extracted. In addition, individual-level data from three publicly available genome-wide association studies (GWAS) were obtained and subjected to genotype imputation and analysis. Overall, we performed meta-analyses on more than seven million polymorphisms originating either from GWAS datasets and/or from smaller scale PD association studies. Meta-analyses on 147 SNPs were supplemented by unpublished GWAS data from up to 16,452 PD cases and 48,810 controls. Eleven loci showed genome-wide significant (P < 5 × 10(-8)) association with disease risk: BST1, CCDC62/HIP1R, DGKQ/GAK, GBA, LRRK2, MAPT, MCCC1/LAMP3, PARK16, SNCA, STK39, and SYT11/RAB25. In addition, we identified novel evidence for genome-wide significant association with a polymorphism in ITGA8 (rs7077361, OR 0.88, P? =? 1.3 × 10(-8)). All meta-analysis results are freely available on a dedicated online database (www.pdgene.org), which is cross-linked with a customized track on the UCSC Genome Browser. Our study provides an exhaustive and up-to-date summary of the status of PD genetics research that can be readily scaled to include the results of future large-scale genetics projects, including next-generation sequencing studies. PMID:22438815

Lill, Christina M; Roehr, Johannes T; McQueen, Matthew B; Kavvoura, Fotini K; Bagade, Sachin; Schjeide, Brit-Maren M; Schjeide, Leif M; Meissner, Esther; Zauft, Ute; Allen, Nicole C; Liu, Tian; Schilling, Marcel; Anderson, Kari J; Beecham, Gary; Berg, Daniela; Biernacka, Joanna M; Brice, Alexis; DeStefano, Anita L; Do, Chuong B; Eriksson, Nicholas; Factor, Stewart A; Farrer, Matthew J; Foroud, Tatiana; Gasser, Thomas; Hamza, Taye; Hardy, John A; Heutink, Peter; Hill-Burns, Erin M; Klein, Christine; Latourelle, Jeanne C; Maraganore, Demetrius M; Martin, Eden R; Martinez, Maria; Myers, Richard H; Nalls, Michael A; Pankratz, Nathan; Payami, Haydeh; Satake, Wataru; Scott, William K; Sharma, Manu; Singleton, Andrew B; Stefansson, Kari; Toda, Tatsushi; Tung, Joyce Y; Vance, Jeffery; Wood, Nick W; Zabetian, Cyrus P; Young, Peter; Tanzi, Rudolph E; Khoury, Muin J; Zipp, Frauke; Lehrach, Hans; Ioannidis, John P A; Bertram, Lars

2012-01-01

227

Comprehensive Research Synopsis and Systematic Meta-Analyses in Parkinson's Disease Genetics: The PDGene Database  

PubMed Central

More than 800 published genetic association studies have implicated dozens of potential risk loci in Parkinson's disease (PD). To facilitate the interpretation of these findings, we have created a dedicated online resource, PDGene, that comprehensively collects and meta-analyzes all published studies in the field. A systematic literature screen of ?27,000 articles yielded 828 eligible articles from which relevant data were extracted. In addition, individual-level data from three publicly available genome-wide association studies (GWAS) were obtained and subjected to genotype imputation and analysis. Overall, we performed meta-analyses on more than seven million polymorphisms originating either from GWAS datasets and/or from smaller scale PD association studies. Meta-analyses on 147 SNPs were supplemented by unpublished GWAS data from up to 16,452 PD cases and 48,810 controls. Eleven loci showed genome-wide significant (P<5×10?8) association with disease risk: BST1, CCDC62/HIP1R, DGKQ/GAK, GBA, LRRK2, MAPT, MCCC1/LAMP3, PARK16, SNCA, STK39, and SYT11/RAB25. In addition, we identified novel evidence for genome-wide significant association with a polymorphism in ITGA8 (rs7077361, OR 0.88, P?=?1.3×10?8). All meta-analysis results are freely available on a dedicated online database (www.pdgene.org), which is cross-linked with a customized track on the UCSC Genome Browser. Our study provides an exhaustive and up-to-date summary of the status of PD genetics research that can be readily scaled to include the results of future large-scale genetics projects, including next-generation sequencing studies.

Lill, Christina M.; Roehr, Johannes T.; McQueen, Matthew B.; Kavvoura, Fotini K.; Bagade, Sachin; Schjeide, Brit-Maren M.; Schjeide, Leif M.; Meissner, Esther; Zauft, Ute; Allen, Nicole C.; Liu, Tian; Schilling, Marcel; Anderson, Kari J.; Beecham, Gary; Berg, Daniela; Biernacka, Joanna M.; Brice, Alexis; DeStefano, Anita L.; Do, Chuong B.; Eriksson, Nicholas; Factor, Stewart A.; Farrer, Matthew J.; Foroud, Tatiana; Gasser, Thomas; Hamza, Taye; Hardy, John A.; Heutink, Peter; Hill-Burns, Erin M.; Klein, Christine; Latourelle, Jeanne C.; Maraganore, Demetrius M.; Martin, Eden R.; Martinez, Maria; Myers, Richard H.; Nalls, Michael A.; Pankratz, Nathan; Payami, Haydeh; Satake, Wataru; Scott, William K.; Sharma, Manu; Singleton, Andrew B.; Stefansson, Kari; Toda, Tatsushi; Tung, Joyce Y.; Vance, Jeffery; Wood, Nick W.; Zabetian, Cyrus P.; Young, Peter; Tanzi, Rudolph E.; Khoury, Muin J.; Zipp, Frauke; Lehrach, Hans; Ioannidis, John P. A.; Bertram, Lars

2012-01-01

228

ATGC: a database of orthologous genes from closely related prokaryotic genomes and a research platform for microevolution of prokaryotes  

SciTech Connect

The database of Alignable Tight Genomic Clusters (ATGCs) consists of closely related genomes of archaea and bacteria, and is a resource for research into prokaryotic microevolution. Construction of a data set with appropriate characteristics is a major hurdle for this type of studies. With the current rate of genome sequencing, it is difficult to follow the progress of the field and to determine which of the available genome sets meet the requirements of a given research project, in particular, with respect to the minimum and maximum levels of similarity between the included genomes. Additionally, extraction of specific content, such as genomic alignments or families of orthologs, from a selected set of genomes is a complicated and time-consuming process. The database addresses these problems by providing an intuitive and efficient web interface to browse precomputed ATGCs, select appropriate ones and access ATGC-derived data such as multiple alignments of orthologous proteins, matrices of pairwise intergenomic distances based on genome-wide analysis of synonymous and nonsynonymous substitution rates and others. The ATGC database will be regularly updated following new releases of the NCBI RefSeq. The database is hosted by the Genomics Division at Lawrence Berkeley National laboratory and is publicly available at http://atgc.lbl.gov.

Novichkov, Pavel S.; Ratnere, Igor; Wolf, Yuri I.; Koonin, Eugene V.; Dubchak, Inna

2009-07-23

229

ATGC: a database of orthologous genes from closely related prokaryotic genomes and a research platform for microevolution of prokaryotes  

PubMed Central

The database of Alignable Tight Genomic Clusters (ATGCs) consists of closely related genomes of archaea and bacteria, and is a resource for research into prokaryotic microevolution. Construction of a data set with appropriate characteristics is a major hurdle for this type of studies. With the current rate of genome sequencing, it is difficult to follow the progress of the field and to determine which of the available genome sets meet the requirements of a given research project, in particular, with respect to the minimum and maximum levels of similarity between the included genomes. Additionally, extraction of specific content, such as genomic alignments or families of orthologs, from a selected set of genomes is a complicated and time-consuming process. The database addresses these problems by providing an intuitive and efficient web interface to browse precomputed ATGCs, select appropriate ones and access ATGC-derived data such as multiple alignments of orthologous proteins, matrices of pairwise intergenomic distances based on genome-wide analysis of synonymous and nonsynonymous substitution rates and others. The ATGC database will be regularly updated following new releases of the NCBI RefSeq. The database is hosted by the Genomics Division at Lawrence Berkeley National laboratory and is publicly available at http://atgc.lbl.gov

Novichkov, Pavel S.; Ratnere, Igor; Wolf, Yuri I.; Koonin, Eugene V.; Dubchak, Inna

2009-01-01

230

Design and utilization of a Flight Test Engineering Database Management System at the NASA Dryden Flight Research Facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A Flight Test Engineering Database Management System (FTE DBMS) was designed and implemented at the NASA Dryden Flight Research Facility. The X-29 Forward Swept Wing Advanced Technology Demonstrator flight research program was chosen for the initial system development and implementation. The FTE DBMS greatly assisted in planning and 'mass production' card preparation for an accelerated X-29 research program. Improved Test Plan tracking and maneuver management for a high flight-rate program were proven, and flight rates of up to three flights per day, two times per week were maintained.

Knighton, Donna L.

1992-01-01

231

Ant Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Research entomologist Ted Schultz from the Smithsonian Institution maintains this impressive work in progress. This online database represents the Smithsonian's identified ant collection, including 4,580 valid named species or subspecies. The taxonomy is current with Bolton's 1995 catalog and includes reported holdings through June 1998. The database may be queried by Subfamily, Tribe, Genus, Subgenus, Species, Subspecies, Author, or Types, and typical returns give concise taxonomic information, total specimens (workers, females, and males), author, and year.

Schultz, Ted.

2000-01-01

232

The Impact of Teacher Unions on Student Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The overall impact of unions and collective bargaining agreements on student achievement has produced a literature with decidedly mixed results. Unions are seen to have both positive and negative influences on a teachers' ability to perform the teaching act. This study researches the impact of unions on state level student achievement, controlling…

Fenster, Mark J.

2009-01-01

233

The American Ornithologists' Union  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Ornithologists' Union (AOU) was established in 1883, making it "the oldest and largest organization in the New World devoted to the scientific study of birds." Although primarily "a professional organization, its membership of about 4,000 includes many amateurs dedicated to the advancement of ornithological science." The AOU website contains information about membership, upcoming meetings, awards, a variety of publications, and more. The site also offers access to a comprehensive checklist for birds of North America; a preliminary classification of the bird species of South America; and online copies of the Ornithological Societies of North America's _Ornithological Newsletter_. Notably, the AOU site links to an online job board featuring a range of ornithological opportunities including tenure-track faculty positions, research assistantships, and internships.

234

Guide to European Legal Databases  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The New York University (NYU) Law School Reference Librarian For International and Foreign Law, Mirela Roznovschi, has prepared this excellent Guide to European Legal Databases. The Guide offers recommendations for search engines and search tips/strategies for researching foreign law topics. Visitors will find the annotated list of European Websites useful for finding constitutional, copyright, and environmental laws (many laws listed by country). Also referenced in the Guide are sites covering the laws of Austria, Belgium, Denmark, England, France, Germany, Italy, Norway, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the Council of Europe, and the European Union. A section entitled Indices, Guides, Journals, Dictionaries, Library Catalogs covers consolidated resource guides and notable collections, to facilitate further research efforts.

235

Constructing a Population-Based Research Database from Routine Maternal Screening Records: A Resource for Studying Alloimmunization in Pregnant Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundAlthough screening for maternal red blood cell antibodies during pregnancy is a standard procedure, the prevalence and clinical consequences of non-anti-D immunization are poorly understood. The objective was to create a national database of maternal antibody screening results that can be linked with population health registers to create a research resource for investigating these issues.Study Design and MethodsEach birth in

Brian K. Lee; Alexander Ploner; Zhongxing Zhang; Gunilla Gryfelt; Agneta Wikman; Marie Reilly

2011-01-01

236

Cancer diagnosed by emergency admission in England: an observational study using the general practice research database  

PubMed Central

Background Patients diagnosed with cancer by the emergency route often have more advanced diseases and poorer outcomes. Rates of cancer diagnosed through unplanned admissions vary within and between countries, suggesting potential inconsistencies in the quality of care. To reduce diagnoses by this route and improve patient outcomes, high risk patient groups must be identified. This cross-sectional observational study determined the incidence of first-ever diagnoses of cancer by emergency (unplanned) admission and identified patient-level risk factors for these diagnoses in England. Methods Data for 74,763 randomly selected patients at 457 general practices between 1999 and 2008 were obtained from the General Practice Research Database (GPRD), including integrated Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) data and Office for National Statistics (ONS) mortality data. The proportion of first-ever diagnoses by emergency admission out of all recorded first cancer diagnoses by any route was analysed by patient characteristics. Results Diagnosis by emergency admission was recorded in 13.9% of patients diagnosed with cancer for the first time (n?=?817/5870). The incidence of first cases by the emergency route was 2.51 patients per 10,000 person years. In adjusted regression analyses, patients of older age (p?

2013-01-01

237

Proceedings IUFRO (International Union of Forestry Research Organizations): Evaluation and Planning of Forestry Research (S6.06-S6.06.01).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report contains 23 papers presented in six technical sessions on forestry research management planning and evaluation. Primary topics focus on nontraditional views and sources of information and emerging technologies affecting forestry research.

D. P. Burns

1986-01-01

238

Credit Unions vs. Banks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week's In the News looks at the debate between the banks and credit unions over the issues of membership. The nine resources discussed provide background information about the debate and the arguments from both sides of the issue. On February 25, 1998, the Supreme Court ruled that the National Credit Union Administration's policy of permitting federal credit unions to serve multiple unrelated groups was unlawful. As a result, the credit union lobby persuaded the House of Representatives to overwhelmingly pass HR 1151, the Credit Union Membership Access Act, by a vote of 411-8. HR 1151 will allow credit unions to form multiple common bonds with certain limitations. Similar legislation is now under consideration in the Senate.

Ng, Thiam H.

1998-01-01

239

Research Topics in Statistical and Scientific Database Management: the IV SSDBM  

Microsoft Academic Search

The papers presented at the IV SSDBM describe the different results reached in the context of Statistical and Scientific Database Management. In addition to the traditional topics (e.g., data model, physical organization and data retrieval, user interface and security) new topics emerged which appear to be growing in importance. Those include temporal data, statistical knowledge based decision support systems, geographical

Maurizio Rafanelli

1988-01-01

240

A Hypervelocity Experimental Research Database (HERD): Support for the Wright Laboratory Armament Directorate Code Validation Program (COVAL)  

SciTech Connect

The Hypervelocity Experimental Research Database (HERD) described in this paper was developed to aid researchers with code validation for impacts that occur at velocities faster than the testable regime. Codes of concern include both hydrocodes and fast-running analytical or semi-empirical models used to predict the impact phenomenology and damage that results to projectiles and targets. There are several well documented experimental programs that can serve as benchmarks for code validation; these are identified and described. Recommendations for further experimentation (a canonical problem) to provide validation data are also discussed.

Mullin, S.A.; Anderson, C.E. Jr. [Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, TX (United States). Materials and Mechanics Dept.; Hertel, E.S. Jr. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Hunt, R.D. [Wright Lab. Armament Directorate, Eglin AFB, FL (United States). Technology Assessment Branch

1994-10-01

241

A Hypervelocity Experimental Research Database (HERD): Support for the Wright Laboratory Armament Directorate Code Validation Program (COVAL)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Hypervelocity Experimental Research Database (HERD) described in this paper was developed to aid researchers with code validation for impacts that occur at velocities faster than the testable regime. Codes of concern include both hydrocodes and fast-running analytical or semi-empirical models used to predict the impact phenomenology and damage that results to projectiles and targets. There are several well documented experimental programs that can serve as benchmarks for code validation; these are identified and described. Recommendations for further experimentation (a canonical problem) to provide validation data are also discussed.

Mullin, Scott A.; Anderson, Charles E., Jr.; Hertel, Eugene S., Jr.; Hunt, Ronald D.

242

Human Nutrition Research and Information Management (NHRIM) System: Databases of Federally Supported Human Nutrition Research Projects (FY82-FY89).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Human Nutrition Research and Information Management (HNRIM) data base provides information on human nutrition research and research training activities supported in whole or in part by the Federal government. Subject coverage includes sponsoring organ...

1989-01-01

243

Human Nutrition Research and Information Management (HNRIM) System: Database of Federally Supported Human Nutrition Research Projects (FY82-FY87).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Human Nutrition Research and Information Management (HNRIM) data base provides information on human nutrition research and research training activities supported in whole or in part by the Federal government. The file contains sponsoring organization,...

B. T. Finn J. Mahaffey

1987-01-01

244

Human Nutrition Research and Information Management (HNRIM) System: Database of Federally Supported Human Nutrition Research Projects (FY82-FY85).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Human Nutrition Research and Information Management (HNRIM) data base provides information on human nutrition research and research training activities supported in whole or in part by the Federal government. SUBJECT COVERAGE: Sponsoring organization,...

B. T. Finn J. Mahaffey

1985-01-01

245

Human Nutrition Research and Information Management (HNRIM) System: Database of Federally Supported Human Nutrition Research Projects (FY82-FY90).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Human Nutrition Research and Information Management (HNRIM) data base provides information on human nutrition research and research training activities supported in whole or in part by the Federal government. Subject coverage includes sponsoring organ...

1990-01-01

246

Human Nutrition Research and Information Management (HNRIM) System: Database of Federally Supported Human Nutrition Research Projects (FY82-FY86).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Human Nutrition Research and Information Management (HNRIM) data base provides information on human nutrition research and research training activities supported in whole or in part by the Federal government. Subject coverage: Sponsoring organization,...

B. T. Finn J. Mahaffey

1986-01-01

247

The European union’s 2010 target: Putting rare species in focus  

Microsoft Academic Search

The European Union has adopted the ambitious target of halting the loss of biodiversity by 2010. Several indicators have been proposed to assess progress towards the 2010 target, two of them addressing directly the issue of species decline. In Europe, the Fauna Europaea database gives an insight into the patterns of distribution of a total dataset of 130,000 terrestrial and

Benoît Fontaine; Philippe Bouchet; Kees Van Achterberg; Miguel Angel Alonso-Zarazaga; Rafael Araujo; Manfred Asche; Ulrike Aspöck; Paolo Audisio; Berend Aukema; Nicolas Bailly; Maria Balsamo; Ruud A. Bank; Peter Barnard; Carlo Belfiore; Wieslaw Bogdanowicz; Tom Bongers; Geoffrey Boxshall; Daniel Burckhardt; Jean-Louis Camicas; Przemek Chylarecki; Pierangelo Crucitti; Louis Deharveng; Alain Dubois; Henrik Enghoff; Anno Faubel; Romolo Fochetti; Olivier Gargominy; David Gibson; Ray Gibson; Maria Soledad Gómez López; Daniel Goujet; Mark S. Harvey; Klaus-Gerhard Heller; Peter Van Helsdingen; Hannelore Hoch; Herman De Jong; Yde De Jong; Ole Karsholt; Wouter Los; Lars Lundqvist; Wojciech Magowski; Renata Manconi; Jochen Martens; Jos A. Massard; Gaby Massard-Geimer; Sandra J. Mcinnes; Luis F. Mendes; Eberhard Mey; Verner Michelsen; Alessandro Minelli; Claus Nielsen; Juan M. Nieto Nafría; Erik J. Van Nieukerken; John Noyes; Thomas Pape; Hans Pohl; Willy De Prins; Marian Ramos; Claudia Ricci; Cees Roselaar; Emilia Rota; Andreas Schmidt-Rhaesa; Hendrik Segers; Richard Zur Strassen; Andrzej Szeptycki; Jean-Marc Thibaud; Alain Thomas; Tarmo Timm; Jan Van Tol; Wim Vervoort; Rainer Willmann

2007-01-01

248

IARC p53 mutation database: a relational database to compile and analyze p53 mutations in human tumors and cell lines. International Agency for Research on Cancer.  

PubMed

The tumor suppressor p53 gene is the most frequently mutated gene in human cancer. To date, more than 10,000 mutations have been described in the literature, and these data are available in various electronic formats on the World Wide Web. Here we describe the structure and format of the different p53 datasets maintained and curated at the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) in Lyon, France. These include p53 somatic mutations (more than 10,000 entries), p53 germline mutations (144 entries), and p53 polymorphisms (13 entries), with the somatic mutations organized into a relational database using AccessTM. The main features of these datasets are (1) controlled entry with standardized format and restricted vocabulary, (2) inclusion of annotations on individual characteristics and exposures, and (3) a classification of pathologies based on the International Classification of Diseases for Oncology (ICD-O). In addition, several interfaces have been developed to analyze the data in order to produce mutation spectra, codon analyses, or visualization of the mutation with the tertiary structure of the protein. All datasets and tools for analysis are available at http://www.iarc.fr/p53/homepage. PMID:10447253

Hernandez-Boussard, T; Rodriguez-Tome, P; Montesano, R; Hainaut, P

1999-01-01

249

Soviet Union`s Nuclear Power Program  

SciTech Connect

Glasnost has dramatically increased the availability of information about the Soviet Union`s nuclear industry. In the future, even more information is likely to become known as Soviet participation in international forums increases. Not only is much more general information now available, but up-to-date details are regularly provided, including information such as the Soviet nuclear industry`s strategic direction and goals, recent reactor design changes, safety inspection results, and reports of public opposition and protest. This article summarizes the current status of the Soviet nuclear power program, reconciling the often conflicting reports from various public sources.

NONE

1991-01-01

250

Workplace Effects of Union Amalgamations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The most visible manifestation of the Australian union movement's response to the decline in union density has been the strategy of amalgamationi sm. In the latter part of the 1980s the ACTU leadership decided that a radical restructuring of the union movement was critical to its longer term future, and that fewer, larger unions were needed in order that union

David Peetz

251

The inherited ataxias: genetic heterogeneity, mutation databases, and future directions in research and clinical diagnostics.  

PubMed

The inherited cerebellar ataxias are a diverse group of clinically and genetically heterogeneous neurodegenerative disorders. Inheritance patterns of these disorders can be complex with autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, X-linked, and mitochondrial inheritance demonstrated by one or more ataxic syndromes. The broad range of mutation types found in inherited ataxia contributes to the complex genetic etiology of these disorders. The majority of inherited ataxias are caused by repeat expansions; however, conventional mutations are important causes of the rarer dominant and recessive ataxias. Advances in sequencing technology have allowed for much broader testing of these rare ataxia genes. This is relevant to the aims of the Human Variome Project, which aims to collate and store gene variation data through mutation databases. Variant data is currently located in a range of public and commercial resources. Few locus-specific databases have been created to catalogue variation in the dominant ataxia genes although there are several databases for some recessive genes. Developing these resources will facilitate a better understanding of the complex genotype-phenotype relationships in these disorders and assist interpretation of gene variants as testing for rarer ataxia genes becomes commonplace. PMID:22689585

Hersheson, Joshua; Haworth, Andrea; Houlden, Henry

2012-09-01

252

College Union 101.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"College Union 101" was a leadership training program in College union work with an emphasis on programing. It was given to 25 persons at Cuyahoga Community College during the summer of 1969. This report discusses the development of the course, the course outline, the faculty, cooperation between campus departments, the organization of the…

Evans, Walter B.; And Others

253

Teacher Unions 101  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher unions are hard to miss in the news lately. Newspapers, blogs, social media posts, magazine articles, and political speeches abound with talk of them. Teacher unions are a hot topic and one that probably was not covered in college classes. The noisy back-and-forth among partisans can be both mind-numbing and confusing, often creating a…

Koppich, Julia E.

2012-01-01

254

Challenges of molecular nutrition research 6: the nutritional phenotype database to store, share and evaluate nutritional systems biology studies  

PubMed Central

The challenge of modern nutrition and health research is to identify food-based strategies promoting life-long optimal health and well-being. This research is complex because it exploits a multitude of bioactive compounds acting on an extensive network of interacting processes. Whereas nutrition research can profit enormously from the revolution in ‘omics’ technologies, it has discipline-specific requirements for analytical and bioinformatic procedures. In addition to measurements of the parameters of interest (measures of health), extensive description of the subjects of study and foods or diets consumed is central for describing the nutritional phenotype. We propose and pursue an infrastructural activity of constructing the “Nutritional Phenotype database” (dbNP). When fully developed, dbNP will be a research and collaboration tool and a publicly available data and knowledge repository. Creation and implementation of the dbNP will maximize benefits to the research community by enabling integration and interrogation of data from multiple studies, from different research groups, different countries and different—omics levels. The dbNP is designed to facilitate storage of biologically relevant, pre-processed—omics data, as well as study descriptive and study participant phenotype data. It is also important to enable the combination of this information at different levels (e.g. to facilitate linkage of data describing participant phenotype, genotype and food intake with information on study design and—omics measurements, and to combine all of this with existing knowledge). The biological information stored in the database (i.e. genetics, transcriptomics, proteomics, biomarkers, metabolomics, functional assays, food intake and food composition) is tailored to nutrition research and embedded in an environment of standard procedures and protocols, annotations, modular data-basing, networking and integrated bioinformatics. The dbNP is an evolving enterprise, which is only sustainable if it is accepted and adopted by the wider nutrition and health research community as an open source, pre-competitive and publicly available resource where many partners both can contribute and profit from its developments. We introduce the Nutrigenomics Organisation (NuGO, http://www.nugo.org) as a membership association responsible for establishing and curating the dbNP. Within NuGO, all efforts related to dbNP (i.e. usage, coordination, integration, facilitation and maintenance) will be directed towards a sustainable and federated infrastructure.

Bouwman, Jildau; Dragsted, Lars O.; Drevon, Christian A.; Elliott, Ruan; de Groot, Philip; Kaput, Jim; Mathers, John C.; Muller, Michael; Pepping, Fre; Saito, Jahn; Scalbert, Augustin; Radonjic, Marijana; Rocca-Serra, Philippe; Travis, Anthony; Wopereis, Suzan; Evelo, Chris T.

2010-01-01

255

Constructing a Population-Based Research Database from Routine Maternal Screening Records: A Resource for Studying Alloimmunization in Pregnant Women  

PubMed Central

Background Although screening for maternal red blood cell antibodies during pregnancy is a standard procedure, the prevalence and clinical consequences of non-anti-D immunization are poorly understood. The objective was to create a national database of maternal antibody screening results that can be linked with population health registers to create a research resource for investigating these issues. Study Design and Methods Each birth in the Swedish Medical Birth Register was uniquely identified and linked to the text stored in routine maternal antibody screening records in the time window from 9 months prior to 2 weeks after the delivery date. These text records were subjected to a computerized search for specific antibodies using regular expressions. To illustrate the research potential of the resulting database, selected antibody prevalence rates are presented as tables and figures, and the complete data (from more than 60 specific antibodies) presented as online moving graphical displays. Results More than one million (1,191,761) births with valid screening information from 1982–2002 constitute the study population. Computerized coverage of screening increased steadily over time and varied by region as electronic records were adopted. To ensure data quality, we restricted analysis to birth records in areas and years with a sustained coverage of at least 80%, representing 920,903 births from 572,626 mothers in 17 of the 24 counties in Sweden. During the study period, non-anti-D and anti-D antibodies occurred in 76.8/10,000 and 14.1/10,000 pregnancies respectively, with marked differences between specific antibodies over time. Conclusion This work demonstrates the feasibility of creating a nationally representative research database from the routine maternal antibody screening records from an extended calendar period. By linkage with population registers of maternal and child health, such data are a valuable resource for addressing important clinical questions, such as the etiological significance of non-anti-D antibodies.

Zhang, Zhongxing; Gryfelt, Gunilla; Wikman, Agneta; Reilly, Marie

2011-01-01

256

A clinical and research database management system for a geriatric nursing outreach program to rural elderly: purpose and general structure.  

PubMed Central

The need to systematically and comprehensively manage data to support nursing services asserts itself in all areas and contexts where nursing services are delivered to patients and families. While most applications have targeted inpatient nursing services, several systems to sustain ambulatory nursing care have been proposed as well. In this paper, we outline the purpose and general structure of a custom-designed computerized database management system to support the clinical, administrative, and research operations of a geriatric nursing outreach program in rural Virginia.

Currie, L. J.; Abraham, I. L.

1992-01-01

257

Kentucky Geotechnical Database.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Development of a comprehensive dynamic, geotechnical database is described. This report is the fourth of four, recently completed, research studies. It summarizes all studies and describes the integration of major components of the database. Components in...

L. Sun T. C. Hopkins T. L. Beckham

2005-01-01

258

Tri-service Disability Evaluation Systems Database Analysis and Research Annual Report 2012.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Accession Medical Standards Analysis and Research Activity (AMSARA) has provided the Department of Defense with evidence-based evaluations of accession standards since 1996. As part of this ongoing research activity, data are collected from each servi...

C. D. Blandford D. N. Cowan D. W. Niebuhr E. R. Packnett M. E. Gubata

2012-01-01

259

The Labour Market Situation of EU and of Third Country Nationals in the European Union. Labour Market Research Topics No. 32.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The nonnational population and labor force in the 15 European Union (EU) member states were characterized from the standpoints of size and structure, and the labor market conditions faced by nationals and nonnationals were compared. In 1995, the nonnational labor force in the EU totaled approximately 7.8 million; nearly 3 million were citizens of…

Kiehl, Melanie; Werner, Heinz

260

Improved Safety Culture and Labor-Management Relations Attributed to Changing At-Risk Behavior Process at Union Pacific, Research Results.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Changing At-Risk Behavior (CAB) is a safety process that is being conducted at Union Pacific's San Antonio Service Unit (SASU) with the aim of improving road and yard safety. CAB is an example of a proactive safety risk-reduction method called Clear Signa...

2009-01-01

261

[Research and development of medical case database: a novel medical case information system integrating with biospecimen management].  

PubMed

To meet the needs of management of medical case information and biospecimen simultaneously, we developed a novel medical case information system integrating with biospecimen management. The database established by MS SQL Server 2000 covered, basic information, clinical diagnosis, imaging diagnosis, pathological diagnosis and clinical treatment of patient; physicochemical property, inventory management and laboratory analysis of biospecimen; users log and data maintenance. The client application developed by Visual C++ 6.0 was used to implement medical case and biospecimen management, which was based on Client/Server model. This system can perform input, browse, inquest, summary of case and related biospecimen information, and can automatically synthesize case-records based on the database. Management of not only a long-term follow-up on individual, but also of grouped cases organized according to the aim of research can be achieved by the system. This system can improve the efficiency and quality of clinical researches while biospecimens are used coordinately. It realizes synthesized and dynamic management of medical case and biospecimen, which may be considered as a new management platform. PMID:20481307

Pan, Shiyang; Mu, Yuan; Wang, Hong; Wang, Tong; Huang, Peijun; Ma, Jianfeng; Jiang, Li; Zhang, Jie; Gu, Bing; Yi, Lujiang

2010-04-01

262

Propulsion System Airframe Integration Issues and Aerodynamic Database Development for the Hyper-X Flight Research Vehicle  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Hyper-X Research Vehicle will provide a unique opportunity to obtain data on an operational airframe integrated scramjet propulsion system at true flight conditions. The airframe integrated nature of the scramjet engine with the Hyper-X vehicle results in a strong coupling effect between the propulsion system operation and the airframe s basic aerodynamic characteristics. Comments on general airframe integrated scramjet propulsion system effects on vehicle aerodynamic performance, stability, and control are provided, followed by examples specific to the Hyper-X research vehicle. An overview is provided of the current activities associated with the development of the Hyper-X aerodynamic database, including wind tunnel test activities and parallel CFD analysis efforts. A brief summary of the Hyper-X aerodynamic characteristics is provided, including the direct and indirect effects of the airframe integrated scramjet propulsion system operation on the basic airframe stability and control characteristics.

Engelund, Walter C.; Holland, Scott D.; Cockrell, Charles E., Jr.; Bittner, Robert D.

1999-01-01

263

ENZYME: Enzyme Nomenclature Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Recently updated, the ENZYME: Enzyme Nomenclature Database is based mainly on recommendations by the Nomenclature Committee of the International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (IUBMB) and "describes each type of characterized enzyme for which an EC (Enzyme Commission) number has been provided." An online user manual describes how to access and use the database, which may be searched by EC number, enzyme class, official description or alternative name(s), chemical compound, or cofactor. Typical returns include Names, Reaction catalyzed, Comments, Human Genetic Diseases, and a host of hyperlinked cross-references. ENZYME is provided by the Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics.

264

Immediate Dissemination of Student Discoveries to a Model Organism Database Enhances Classroom-Based Research Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Use of inquiry-based research modules in the classroom has soared over recent years, largely in response to national calls for teaching that provides experience with scientific processes and methodologies. To increase the visibility of in-class studies among interested researchers and to strengthen their impact on student learning, we have…

Wiley, Emily A.; Stover, Nicholas A.

2014-01-01

265

Development and Application of a Research Database for Drinking Water Systems Evaluation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Computer Information System (CIS) that was developed by the Drinking Water Research Division gives fast, easy access to more than 521,000 records from nearly 20 past and current research projects. The data base management system can generate simple re...

S. Campbell J. Finkeldey

1989-01-01

266

Slim-Prim: A Biomedical Informatics Database to Promote Translational Research  

PubMed Central

With the current national emphasis on translational research, data-exchange systems that can bridge the basic and clinical sciences are vital. To meet this challenge, we have developed Slim-Prim, an integrated data system (IDS) for collecting, processing, archiving, and distributing basic and clinical research data. Slim-Prim is accessed via user-friendly Web-based applications, thus increasing data accessibility and eliminating the security risks inherent with office or laboratory servers. Slim-Prim serves as a laboratory management interface and archival data repository for institutional projects. Importantly, multiple levels of controlled access allow HIPAA-compliant sharing of de-identified information to facilitate data sharing and analysis across research domains; thus Slim-Prim encourages collaboration between researchers and clinicians, an essential factor in the development of translational research. Slim-Prim is an example of utilizing an IDS to improve organizational efficiency and to bridge the gap between laboratory discovery and practice.

Viangteeravat, Teeradache; Brooks, Ian M; Smith, Ebony J; Furlotte, Nicolas; Vuthipadadon, Somchan; Reynolds, Rebecca; McDonald, Chanchai Singhanayok

2009-01-01

267

Improving quality of breast cancer surgery through development of a national breast cancer surgical outcomes (BRCASO) research database  

PubMed Central

Background Common measures of surgical quality are 30-day morbidity and mortality, which poorly describe breast cancer surgical quality with extremely low morbidity and mortality rates. Several national quality programs have collected additional surgical quality measures; however, program participation is voluntary and results may not be generalizable to all surgeons. We developed the Breast Cancer Surgical Outcomes (BRCASO) database to capture meaningful breast cancer surgical quality measures among a non-voluntary sample, and study variation in these measures across providers, facilities, and health plans. This paper describes our study protocol, data collection methods, and summarizes the strengths and limitations of these data. Methods We included 4524 women ?18 years diagnosed with breast cancer between 2003-2008. All women with initial breast cancer surgery performed by a surgeon employed at the University of Vermont or three Cancer Research Network (CRN) health plans were eligible for inclusion. From the CRN institutions, we collected electronic administrative data including tumor registry information, Current Procedure Terminology codes for breast cancer surgeries, surgeons, surgical facilities, and patient demographics. We supplemented electronic data with medical record abstraction to collect additional pathology and surgery detail. All data were manually abstracted at the University of Vermont. Results The CRN institutions pre-filled 30% (22 out of 72) of elements using electronic data. The remaining elements, including detailed pathology margin status and breast and lymph node surgeries, required chart abstraction. The mean age was 61 years (range 20-98 years); 70% of women were diagnosed with invasive ductal carcinoma, 20% with ductal carcinoma in situ, and 10% with invasive lobular carcinoma. Conclusions The BRCASO database is one of the largest, multi-site research resources of meaningful breast cancer surgical quality data in the United States. Assembling data from electronic administrative databases and manual chart review balanced efficiency with high-quality, unbiased data collection. Using the BRCASO database, we will evaluate surgical quality measures including mastectomy rates, positive margin rates, and partial mastectomy re-excision rates among a diverse, non-voluntary population of patients, providers, and facilities.

2012-01-01

268

Huntington's Disease and its therapeutic target genes: a global functional profile based on the HD Research Crossroads database  

PubMed Central

Background Huntington’s disease (HD) is a fatal progressive neurodegenerative disorder caused by the expansion of the polyglutamine repeat region in the huntingtin gene. Although the disease is triggered by the mutation of a single gene, intensive research has linked numerous other genes to its pathogenesis. To obtain a systematic overview of these genes, which may serve as therapeutic targets, CHDI Foundation has recently established the HD Research Crossroads database. With currently over 800 cataloged genes, this web-based resource constitutes the most extensive curation of genes relevant to HD. It provides us with an unprecedented opportunity to survey molecular mechanisms involved in HD in a holistic manner. Methods To gain a synoptic view of therapeutic targets for HD, we have carried out a variety of bioinformatical and statistical analyses to scrutinize the functional association of genes curated in the HD Research Crossroads database. In particular, enrichment analyses were performed with respect to Gene Ontology categories, KEGG signaling pathways, and Pfam protein families. For selected processes, we also analyzed differential expression, using published microarray data. Additionally, we generated a candidate set of novel genetic modifiers of HD by combining information from the HD Research Crossroads database with previous genome-wide linkage studies. Results Our analyses led to a comprehensive identification of molecular mechanisms associated with HD. Remarkably, we not only recovered processes and pathways, which have frequently been linked to HD (such as cytotoxicity, apoptosis, and calcium signaling), but also found strong indications for other potentially disease-relevant mechanisms that have been less intensively studied in the context of HD (such as the cell cycle and RNA splicing, as well as Wnt and ErbB signaling). For follow-up studies, we provide a regularly updated compendium of molecular mechanism, that are associated with HD, at http://hdtt.sysbiolab.eu Additionally, we derived a candidate set of 24 novel genetic modifiers, including histone deacetylase 3 (HDAC3), metabotropic glutamate receptor 1 (GRM1), CDK5 regulatory subunit 2 (CDK5R2), and coactivator 1ß of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARGC1B). Conclusions The results of our study give us an intriguing picture of the molecular complexity of HD. Our analyses can be seen as a first step towards a comprehensive list of biological processes, molecular functions, and pathways involved in HD, and may provide a basis for the development of more holistic disease models and new therapeutics.

2012-01-01

269

Online Literature Searching and Databases at the U.S. Environmental Research Center Library, Cincinnati, Ohio.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This guide to information services used by the Environmental Research Center (ERC) in Cincinnati, the scientific and technical information focal point for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), explains the online searching services available at ...

M. L. Calkins

1978-01-01

270

Patterns of severe injury in pediatric car crash victims: Crash Injury Research Engineering Network database  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background\\/PurposeMotor vehicle crashes (MVCs) account for 50% of pediatric trauma. Safety improvements are typically tested with child crash dummies using an in vitro model. The Crash Injury Research Engineering Network (CIREN) provides an in vivo validation process. Previous research suggest that children in lateral crashes or front-seat locations have higher Injury Severity Scale scores and lower Glasgow Coma Scale scores

J. Kristine Brown; Yuezhou Jing; Stewart Wang; Peter F. Ehrlich

2006-01-01

271

Temporal database system implementations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although research on temporal database systems has been active for about 20 years, implementations have not appeared until recently. This is one reason why current commercial database systems provide only limited temporal functionality. This paper summarizes extant state of the art of temporal database implementations. Rather than being very specific about each system we have attempted to provide an indication

Michael H. Böhlen

1995-01-01

272

Categorization and trend of materials science research from Science Citation Index (SCI) database: A case study of ceramics, metallurgy, and polymer subfields  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article offers information on the characteristics and number of materials research articles indexed in the Science Citation\\u000a Index (SCI) database in the year of 2004. 22,843 articles in full-text forms from 169 journals from the materials field (which\\u000a included ceramics, metallurgy, and polymer journals) were retrieved from the SCI database and exported to EndNote software.\\u000a The retrieved articles were

Narongrit Sombatsompop; Teerasak Markpin; T. Buranathiti; P. Ratchatahirun; T. Metheenukul; N. Premkamolnetr; W. Yochai

2007-01-01

273

"How Obvious": Personal Reflections on the Database of Educational Psychology and Effective Teaching Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From a personal perspective, the author reflects upon the notion that many research findings appear falsely to possess the quality of being "obvious". Specific attention is given to the topic of teacher effectiveness. The feeling that findings are obvious can be related to the following: the false consensus effect, selfserving cognition, hindsight…

Yates, Gregory C. R.

2005-01-01

274

The Development of a Video Database for Language Educational Research Projects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The analysis of classroom observation data is seen as increasingly important in research on the impact of high-stakes language tests or new foreign-language programmes on students, teachers and other stakeholders. Video-recordings of language teaching and learning in classrooms impacted by such tests or programmes can provide revealing data,…

Hawkey, Roger; Thompson, Sue; Turner, Richard

2007-01-01

275

High Tech High interns develop a mid-ocean ridge database for research and education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mid-ocean ridges (MOR) represent one of the most important geographic features on planet Earth. MORs are the locations where plates spread apart, they are the locations of most of the earths' volcanoes that harbor some of the most extreme life forms. These concepts attract much research, but mid-ocean ridges are still effectively not represented in the earth science class rooms.

D. Staudigel; R. Delaney; H. Staudigel; A. Koppers; S. Miller

2003-01-01

276

Recycling rubber wastes. (Latest citations from the rubber and plastics research association database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning research and innovations in the recycling of rubber wastes. Recycling methods and equipment, applications of recycled rubber, and energy recovery systems and performance are among the topics discussed. Recycling methods compared and contrasted with various rubber waste disposal techniques are also included. (Contains a minimum of 89 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1994-05-01

277

Recycling rubber wastes. (Latest citations from the Rubber and Plastics Research Association database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning research and innovations in the recycling of rubber wastes. Recycling methods and equipment, applications of recycled rubber, and energy recovery systems and performance are among the topics discussed. Recycling methods compared and contrasted with various rubber waste disposal techniques are also included. (Contains a minimum of 96 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

NONE

1995-02-01

278

Re-conceptualizing voice in the non-union workplace  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present a conceptual analysis of the literature and research surrounding voice in the non-union workplace. The paper begins with a definitional discussion of non-unionism – what it is and what it is not, and then proceeds to unpick the concept of employee voice in the non-union workplace. The core of our analysis consists of a re-conceptualization

Tony Dundon; Paul J. Gollan

2007-01-01

279

The ESA microgravity database.  

PubMed

To facilitate and optimise access to the results of previous microgravity experiments, ESA is establishing a Microgravity Database (MGDB). The database will give scientists access to descriptions of all experiments related to microgravity research carried out on ESA and NASA missions since the 1960s. MGDB incorporates both a local database available for PCs and Apple Macintoshes, and a remote database which can be accessed via the ESRIN Data Dissemination Network (DDN) and public X.25 networks. PMID:11541525

Jeanne, P; Scholz, J

1993-11-01

280

Molecular Line Parameters for the “MASTER” (Millimeter Wave Acquisitions for Stratosphere\\/Troposphere Exchange Research) Database  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to investigate the upper troposphere\\/lower stratosphere (UTLS) region of the earth's atmosphere, ESA\\/ESTEC (European space agency) is considering the opportunity to develop the spaceborne limb sounding millimeter sensor “MASTER” (millimeter wave acquisitions for stratosphere\\/troposphere exchange research). This instrument is part of the “atmospheric composition explorer for chemistry and climate interactions” (ACECHEM) project. In addition, ESA\\/ESTEC is developing the

A. Perrin; C. Puzzarini; J.-M. Colmont; C. Verdes; G. Wlodarczak; G. Cazzoli; S. Buehler; J.-M. Flaud; J. Demaison

2005-01-01

281

Recycling rubber wastes. (Latest citations from the Rubber and Plastics Research Association database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning research and innovations in the recycling of rubber wastes. Recycling methods and equipment, applications of recycled rubber, and energy recovery systems and performance are among the topics discussed. Recycling methods compared and contrasted with various rubber waste disposal techniques are also included. (Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.) (Copyright NERAC, Inc. 1995)

NONE

1996-04-01

282

Algaline Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Maintained by the Finnish Institute of Marine Research and several other institutions, the Algaline Database offers updated reports on the conditions of phytoplankton and related parameters in the Baltic Sea. The reports, which vary in length and detail (though most are brief), summarize measurements of Oxygen, Salinity, Temperature, Nutrients, Harmful substances, Plankton, Zooplankton, Benthic Animals, Flow, and Other measurements. In addition, the Maps and Figures section offers numerous color images (including satellite) of Baltic Sea conditions and marine organisms. To access reports by geographic subregion of the Baltic, head to the Reports section. Finally, the Latest News section keeps researchers abreast of changing conditions (e.g., algal blooms) and research cruises in the Baltic. For researchers or anyone else wanting in-depth information on a host of ecological parameters for the Baltic Sea, this is an excellent reference site.

283

UNIONS OF LOEB NULLSETS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The union of every point-nite, completely measurable family of Loeb nullsets is itself a Loeb nullset, provided the nonstandard model satises a simple set-theoretic condition. One application of this result is that every Loeb measurable function into a metric space has a lifting.

DAVID A. ROSS

284

Marketing the College Union.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Theory underlying marketing in the public sector is presented in combination with specific examples of marketing strategies and techniques used in college unions and student activities programs across the country. The subject of marketing is discussed under six major subject headings: (1) why marketing? (2) analyzing marketing opportunities; (3)…

Hoef, Ted; Howe, Nanci

285

Facility Focus: Student Unions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes four student union building designs that make students feel more comfortable in their surroundings. Examples show how design can inspire campus life and school spirit, enhance food service and increase the number of cash business customers, and provide a community feeling through the addition of multiservices. (GR)

College Planning & Management, 1999

1999-01-01

286

Employee Voice in Union and Non-union Australian Workplaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

The fall in unionism and the rise in the non-union workplace over the past two decades raises the question as to whether workers now have a reduced capacity to initiate issues and articulate grievances. For some commentators independent unions are the only source of genuine voice. Others have argued that the adoption of the HRM paradigm within an enterprise will

John Benson

2000-01-01

287

Longitudinal Analyses of the Effects of Trade Unions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines how measurement error biases longitudinal estimates of union effects. It develops numerical examples, statistical models, and econometric estimates which indicate that measurement error is a major problem in longitudinal data sets, so that longitudinal analyses do not provide the research panacea for determining the effects of unionism (or other economic forces) some have suggested. There are three

Richard Barry Freeman

1984-01-01

288

An open-database of Grape Harvest dates for climate research: data description and quality assessment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a dataset of grape harvest dates (GHD) series that has been compiled from international and non-translated French and Spanish literature and from unpublished documentary sources from public organizations and from wine-growers. As of June 2011, this GHD dataset comprises 378 series mainly from France (93% of the data) as well as series from Switzerland, Italy, Spain and Luxembourg. The series have variable length and contain gaps of variable sizes. The longest and most complete ones are from Burgundy, Switzerland, Southern Rhône valley, Jura and Ile-de-France. The GHD series were grouped into 27 regions according to their location, to geomorphological and geological criteria, and to past and present grape varieties. The GHD regional composite series (GHD-RCS) were calculated and compared pairwise to assess the quality of the series. Significant (p-value < 0.001) and strong correlations exist between most of them. As expected, the correlations tended to be higher when the vineyards are closer, the highest correlation (R = 0.91) being obtained between the High Loire Valley and the Ile-de-France GHD-RCS. The strong dependence of vine cycle on temperature and, therefore, the strong link between GHD and the temperature of the growing season was also used to test the quality of the GHD series. The strongest correlations are obtained between the GHD-RCS and the temperature series of the nearest weather stations. Moreover, the GHD-RCS/temperature correlation maps show spatial patterns similar to temperature correlation maps. The stability of the correlations over time is explored. The most striking feature is their generalized deterioration at the late 19th-early 20th turning point. The possible effects on the GHD of the phylloxera crisis, which took place at this time, are discussed. The median of the standardized GHD-RCS was calculated. The distribution of the extreme years of this general synthetic series is not homogenous. Extremely late years all occur during a two-century long time-window from the early 17th to the early 19th century, while extremely early years are frequent during the 16th and since the mid-19th century. The dataset is made accessible for climate research through the Internet. It should allow a variety of climate studies, including reconstructions of atmospheric circulation over Western Europe.

Daux, V.; Garcia de Cortazar-Atauri, I.; Yiou, P.; Chuine, I.; Garnier, E.; Ladurie, E. Le Roy; Mestre, O.; Tardaguila, J.

2011-11-01

289

Hospital Employees' Wages and Labor Union Organization.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The research analyzed the joint determination of hospital employees' wages and labor union organization. Two data sources were used: hospital data from a survey of 1,200 U.S. hospitals conducted in 1977; and individual data from the 1977 and 1978 Current ...

L. F. Lee R. Feldman

1980-01-01

290

Union organizing: Costs and benefits  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the costs and benefits to current union members in manufacturing of programs to organize the unorganized. The marginal cost of organizing an additional employee, in constant dollars, is estimated for a sample of unions between 1964 and 1977. The primary benefit of organizing that is quantifiable is the extent to which the maintenance or extension of union

Paula B. Voos

1983-01-01

291

English in the Union Hall.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A course developed by a college in conjunction with a major union focused entirely on English as a means of becoming more active in the union, understanding the collective bargaining agreement, and defending union member rights. Program development, material development, and teaching methods are discussed. (MSE)

Trebble, Maggi; Wallace, David

1982-01-01

292

Union Members Are Community Members  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Unions serve their members' interests. But union members are also community members, and their interests go well beyond increasing pay and benefits. A local union president has found that his members are best served by participating in a community-wide coalition. Providing eyeglasses to needy students, promoting healthy eating, and increasing…

Gray, David

2013-01-01

293

Atomic Databases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Atomic and molecular data are required in a variety of fields ranging from the traditional astronomy, atmospherics and fusion research to fast growing technologies such as lasers, lighting, low-temperature plasmas, plasma assisted etching and radiotherapy. In this context, there are some research groups, both theoretical and experimental, scattered round the world that attend to most of this data demand, but the implementation of atomic databases has grown independently out of sheer necessity. In some cases the latter has been associated with the data production process or with data centers involved in data collection and evaluation; but sometimes it has been the result of individual initiatives that have been quite successful. In any case, the development and maintenance of atomic databases call for a number of skills and an entrepreneurial spirit that are not usually associated with most physics researchers. In the present report we present some of the highlights in this area in the past five years and discuss what we think are some of the main issues that have to be addressed.

Mendoza, Claudio

2000-10-01

294

Modeling and managing changes in text databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Large amounts of (often valuable) information are stored in web-accessible text databases. “Metasearchers” provide unified interfaces to query multiple such databases at once. For efficiency, metasearchers rely on succinct statistical summaries of the database contents to select the best databases for each query. So far, database selection research has largely assumed that databases are static, so the associated statistical summaries

Panagiotis G. Ipeirotis; Alexandros Ntoulas; Junghoo Cho; Luis Gravano

2007-01-01

295

Modeling and Managing Changes in Text Databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Large amounts of (often valuable) information are stored in web-accessible text databases. ``Metasearchers'' provide unified interfaces to query multiple such databases at once. For efficiency, metasearchers rely on succinct statistical summaries of the database contents to select the best databases for each query. So far, database selection research has largely assumed that databases are static, so the associated statistical summaries

Panagiotis G. Ipeirotis; Alexandros Ntoulas; Junghoo Cho; Luis Gravano

2006-01-01

296

Chishitsu, jiban joho database (GEOID) no kaihatsu. (Construction of geological and geotechnical information database).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A database named GEOID(Geological and Geotechnical Information Database) was developed to effectively utilize practical results surveyed and researched in the past. This GEOID is composed of five database groups, that is, database of CRIEPI reports; rock ...

1989-01-01

297

Use of International Networks and Databases to Access United States Scientific Information from Japan: a Case Study of Japan's National Laboratory for High Energy Physics Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of high speed worldwide data communications capabilities and numerous online databases of scientific information will undoubtedly lead to more exchange of such information among the world's developed countries. Various factors will facilitate such exchanges, while others will act as barriers. This research work determines such factors within one of the world's premier high energy physics laboratories, located in

Harris L. Liebergot

1994-01-01

298

Providing Database Services in a Nationwide Research Organisation--Coexistence of Traditional Information Services and a Modern CD-ROM/Online Hybrid Solution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the past two decades the central Information Retrieval Services of the Max Planck Society has been providing database searches for scientists in Max Planck Institutes and Research Groups throughout Germany. As a supplement to traditional search services offered by professional intermediaries, they have recently fostered the introduction of a…

Bowman, Benjamin F.

299

Recent advances in the utility and use of the General Practice Research Database as an example of a UK Primary Care Data resource  

PubMed Central

Since its inception in the mid-1980s, the General Practice Research Database (GPRD) has undergone many changes but remains the largest validated and most utilised primary care database in the UK. Its use in pharmacoepidemiology stretches back many years with now over 800 original research papers. Administered by the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency since 2001, the last 5 years have seen a rebuild of the database processing system enhancing access to the data, and a concomitant push towards broadening the applications of the database. New methodologies including real-world harm–benefit assessment, pharmacogenetic studies and pragmatic randomised controlled trials within the database are being implemented. A substantive and unique linkage program (using a trusted third party) has enabled access to secondary care data and disease-specific registry data as well as socio-economic data and death registration data. The utility of anonymised free text accessed in a safe and appropriate manner is being explored using simple and more complex techniques such as natural language processing.

van Staa, Tjeerd; Puri, Shivani; Eaton, Susan

2012-01-01

300

Relationship effort, satisfaction, and stability: differences across union type.  

PubMed

Relationship satisfaction and stability are two commonly studied outcomes in marriage and family research. Majority of studies address socio demographic variability and differences across union type in these outcomes. We extend this literature by addressing how the amount of effort one puts into their relationship is associated with stability and satisfaction. Specifically, we focus on how effort impacts these measures of quality in four union types: premarital cohabitation, first marriage, post-divorce cohabitation, and second marriage following divorce. Furthermore, we make union type comparisons in the strength of effort's association with satisfaction and stability. Using data from 8,006 respondents in the Relationship Evaluation Survey, our results show that effort was strongly and positively associated with satisfaction and stability in all four unions. Although effort is more strongly associated with satisfaction in first marriage than cohabiting relationships, no union type differences in the role of effort on stability were observed. Clinical and research implications of these findings are discussed. PMID:24320175

Shafer, Kevin; Jensen, Todd M; Larson, Jeffry H

2014-04-01

301

Preliminary results of the Social Impact Research Group of MEDEX: the request database (2000-2002) of two Meteorological Services  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One of the aims of the MEDEX project is to improve the knowledge of high-impact weather events in the Mediterranean. According to the guidelines of this project, a pilot study was carried out in two regions of Spain (the Balearic Islands and Catalonia) by the Social Impact Research group of MEDEX. The main goal is to suggest some general and suitable criteria about how to analyse requests received in Meteorological Services arising out of the damage caused by weather events. Thus, all the requests received between 2000 and 2002 at the Servei Meteorològic de Catalunya as well as at the Division of AEMET in the Balearic Islands were analysed. Firstly, the proposed criteria in order to build the database are defined and discussed. Secondly, the temporal distribution of the requests for damage claims is analysed. On average, almost half of them were received during the first month after the event happened. During the first six months, the percentage increases by 90%. Thirdly, various factors are taken into account to determine the impact of specific events on society. It is remarkable that the greatest number of requests is for those episodes with simultaneous heavy rain and strong wind, and finally, those that are linked to high population density.

Amaro, J.; Gayà, M.; Aran, M.; Llasat, M. C.

2010-12-01

302

Women in Politics: Bibliographic Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This bibliographic database currently holds 650 titles of recent works concerned with women in politics. A new addition to the Inter-Parliamentary Union's "Democracy through Partnership between Men and Women in Politics" site, "it provides bibliographic references to books, reports and journal articles on all aspects of women's participation in political life worldwide." The search mechanism allows users to specify type of document, geographic region, publishing organization, subject matter, author, title of periodical, and year of publication. Alternatively, there is also a subject keyword search. For more information about the Inter-Parliamentary Union Website, see the December 12, 1997 Scout Report.

303

Computer networks for financial activity management, control and statistics of databases of economic administration at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Modern information technologies urge natural sciences to further development. But it comes together with evaluation of infrastructures, to spotlight favorable conditions for the development of science and financial base in order to prove and protect legally new research. Any scientific development entails accounting and legal protection. In the report, we consider a new direction in software, organization and control of common databases on the example of the electronic document handling, which functions in some departments of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research.

Tyupikova, T. V.; Samoilov, V. N.

2003-04-01

304

Standardized exchange of medical data between a research database, an electronic patient record and an electronic health record using CDA/SCIPHOX.  

PubMed

The exchange of medical data from research and clinical routine across institution borders in a structured way, based on national and international standards, is essential to build an integrated and connected health platform. In this project we developed a HL7 CDA/SCIPHOX based integration platform to exchange data between a research database, an electronic health record and an electronic patient record (Soarian). PMID:16779250

Gerdsen, Frederic; Müeller, Sascha; Jablonski, Stefan; Prokosch, Hans-Ulrich

2005-01-01

305

The methodological quality of aphasia therapy research: An investigation of group studies using the PsycBITE evidence?based practice database  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: This paper examines the methodological quality of aphasia therapy research using the Psychological database for Brain Impairment Treatment Efficacy (www.psycbite.com). PsycBITE includes five designs: Systematic Reviews (SR), Randomised Controlled Trials (RCT), non?RCTs (NRCT), Case Series (CS), and Single Subject Designs (SSD).Aim: To provide an overview of the types of research designs and levels of compliance used in aphasia treatment

Leanne Togher; Regina Schultz; Robyn Tate; Skye McDonald; Michael Perdices; Kate Smith; Kiri Winders; Sharon Savage

2009-01-01

306

Native Health Research Database  

MedlinePLUS

... Siberian Chukotka Siletz Sioux Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Smith River Rancheria South American Indian Southern Ute Spirit Lake Tribe Squaxin Island St. Regis Mohawk Standing Rock Sioux Suquamish Swinomish Taino ... Tulalip Tule River Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Tuscarora Uintah and ...

307

Testing systems database specification  

SciTech Connect

The Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) has been contracted by the Navy Personnel Research and Development Center (NPRDC) to provide software for enhancing the NPRDC CAMP Facility. The objectives of this Database Specification are to provide the Database Administrator, maintenance programmers, and users with the following: a reference to the database design and data tables in the database, a description of the data flow when loaded into the database, a list of storage requirements for the database and support programs, and a discussion of the security issues involved. This paper describes the database: its name, physical system, availability, storage requirements, organization, data loading logic, data modification, support programs, and security. Also defined are the data tables and elements that compose the TSD.

Caplinger, J.T.; Corrigan, A.L.; Olander, M.

1989-05-01

308

Buffmap Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Institut National de Recherche Agronomique (France) provides online databases of genomes for several organisms, including Buffalo. The database is updated as more data become available, and provide records on loci, genes, microsatellites, polymorphisms, probes, enzymes, homologue loci, alleles, primers, references, and links to external databases. Instructions for submitting data to the databases are provided on-site.

309

Alaska Geothermal Sites Map and Database: Bringing together legacy and new geothermal data for research, exploration and development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Geothermal exploration activities in Alaska from the late 1970s into the 1980s generated vast quantities of scientific data that currently is in unpublished, forgotten and obscure, as well as published formats. Alaska has 61 hot springs (hotter than 50°C) and 34 'warm to cool springs' (cooler than 50°C). Thirty-seven thermal springs are located within the Aleutian and Alaska Peninsula volcanic arc into and are related to elevated heat flows in areas of arc volcanism as well as crustal scale faults associated with accretionary tectonism. The central interior belt that extends from the Seward Peninsula to Circle Hot Springs contains 37 thermal springs that formed due to mostly extensional tectonic forces. An additional 17 thermal springs are in southeast Alaska and 4 are in the Wrangell Mountains. A new cycle of geothermal exploration is underway in Alaska and is producing a wealth of new geothermal data. The Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys (ADGGS), funded by the National Geothermal Data System, is compiling both new and legacy geothermal data into a comprehensive database accessible on the ADGGS website. ADGGS has created a new ';Geothermal Sites of Alaska Map' and associated database that includes data on geothermal hot springs, direct use of geothermal resources, volcanic vents, aqueous geochemistry, borehole temperatures, core descriptions, rock chemistry, earthquakes in proximity to hot springs, and active faults. Geothermal hot springs includes locality, temperature, flow rate, sources and related resources. Direct use of geothermal resources contains facilities, capacity, energy use, temperature, flow rate and contact information from geothermal hot springs that are or have recently been used for recreational use, space heating, agricultural or energy use. Volcanic vents records 395 volcanic vents and fumaroles throughout the state that are Holocene or younger. It includes their age, location, elevation, geologic history, composition, and information source. Aqueous geochemistry, a compilation of aqueous chemistry, free gas and isotopes analyses. Aqueous geochemical analyses consist of 407 aqueous geochemical analyses from 85 geothermal sites throughout Alaska. This template also includes 106 free gas analyses from 31 geothermal sites. Isotopic analyses (285) of waters from 42 geothermal sites are also contained in this geochemical data. Borehole temperature data from geothermal, and oil and gas wells are presented along with thermal depth profiles where available. Earthquakes in proximity to hot springs consists of 1,975 earthquakes that are within 5 km of thermal hot springs and may be used to detect underground movement of thermal waters. Active faults comprises active faults across Alaska (1,527) including fault type, location, orientation and slip rate. Additionally, a new comprehensive and searchable Alaska geothermal bibliography, with links to downloadable reference sources was created during this study. The completed Alaska geothermal sites map and database will be accessible to the public and industry and will enable research and development of geothermal sites in Alaska.

Clough, J. G.; Harun, N. T.; Hughes, C. A.; Weakland, J. R.; Cameron, C. E.

2013-12-01

310

Rainfall Simulation Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The British Geomorphological Research Group maintains this rainfall simulation database site. The database includes information about rainfall simulators, as well as their set-up and use. Currently, the database is divided into laboratory, field, and dual-purpose (lab and field) rainfall simulators. For each simulator in the database, users will find information on: "Simulator identification; Contact information; Specification of simulator; performance of simulator; Table of intensities and rainfall characteristics; Costs; Summary of research conducted using the simulator; Publications; and Additional comments." A section on simulation calibration is planned, and a form is provided for those wishing to contribute simulators to the database. A lengthy selection of related references adds to the utility of the database.

311

Nanotechnology Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored by the National Science Foundation and housed at the Loyola College in Maryland's International Technology Research Institute the Nanotechnology Database is a source of online information on major research centers, funding agencies, major reports, and books dealing with nanotechnology. The resources listed here are carefully selected and reviewed. The site is expected to grow with the continued support and updates from organizations and individuals in the field of nanotechnology. The list of resources is divided into the following categories: Academic, Industry, Government Laboratories, Government Agencies, Professional Societies, Non-Profit Organizations, Books, Periodicals, Reports, and Conferences. Each listing provides a brief summary (taken from that Website) and hyperlink to the resource (note: the book list links mostly take users to online booksellers). A submission form allows users to add a relevant organization or publication.

2001-01-01

312

Examining the Factors Resulting in Faculty Unionization at Three Ohio Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Unionization efforts on community college campuses have increased fivefold over the past decade, this research addressed issues relating to increased levels of faculty unionization on community college campuses in Ohio. The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine and describe what, if any, relationships exist among faculty union

Stilson-Hart, Amy

2009-01-01

313

From "School Correspondent" to Workplace Bargainer? The Changing Role of the School Union Representative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper draws on research in three English Midlands local education authorities to analyse the changing role of the teacher trade union representative in schools. It focuses on representatives of the largest teachers' union in England and Wales--the National Union of Teachers. The paper draws on mainstream industrial relations literature, and…

Stevenson, Howard

2005-01-01

314

Southern African Treatment Resistance Network (SATuRN) RegaDB HIV drug resistance and clinical management database: supporting patient management, surveillance and research in southern Africa.  

PubMed

Substantial amounts of data have been generated from patient management and academic exercises designed to better understand the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic and design interventions to control it. A number of specialized databases have been designed to manage huge data sets from HIV cohort, vaccine, host genomic and drug resistance studies. Besides databases from cohort studies, most of the online databases contain limited curated data and are thus sequence repositories. HIV drug resistance has been shown to have a great potential to derail the progress made thus far through antiretroviral therapy. Thus, a lot of resources have been invested in generating drug resistance data for patient management and surveillance purposes. Unfortunately, most of the data currently available relate to subtype B even though >60% of the epidemic is caused by HIV-1 subtype C. A consortium of clinicians, scientists, public health experts and policy markers working in southern Africa came together and formed a network, the Southern African Treatment and Resistance Network (SATuRN), with the aim of increasing curated HIV-1 subtype C and tuberculosis drug resistance data. This article describes the HIV-1 data curation process using the SATuRN Rega database. The data curation is a manual and time-consuming process done by clinical, laboratory and data curation specialists. Access to the highly curated data sets is through applications that are reviewed by the SATuRN executive committee. Examples of research outputs from the analysis of the curated data include trends in the level of transmitted drug resistance in South Africa, analysis of the levels of acquired resistance among patients failing therapy and factors associated with the absence of genotypic evidence of drug resistance among patients failing therapy. All these studies have been important for informing first- and second-line therapy. This database is a free password-protected open source database available on www.bioafrica.net. Database URL: http://www.bioafrica.net/regadb/ PMID:24504151

Manasa, Justen; Lessells, Richard; Rossouw, Theresa; Naidu, Kevindra; Van Vuuren, Cloete; Goedhals, Dominique; van Zyl, Gert; Bester, Armand; Skingsley, Andrew; Stott, Katharine; Danaviah, Siva; Chetty, Terusha; Singh, Lavanya; Moodley, Pravi; Iwuji, Collins; McGrath, Nuala; Seebregts, Christopher J; de Oliveira, Tulio

2014-01-01

315

The management of voice in non-union organisations: managers’ perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Given the emergence of new legal initiatives for union recognition, declining levels of union membership and the growth of alternative forms of employee representation, this paper aims to examine the management of employee voice in non-union firms. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The research adopts a case study approach in seven non-union organisations from different sectors of economic activity in the

Tony Dundon; Adrian Wilkinson; Mick Marchington; Peter Ackers

2005-01-01

316

The incidence of eating disorders in the UK in 2000-2009: findings from the General Practice Research Database  

PubMed Central

Objectives Few studies have investigated the incidence of eating disorders (EDs). Important questions about changes in the incidence of diagnosed disorders in recent years, disorder and gender-specific onset and case detection remain unanswered. Understanding changes in incidence is important for public health, clinical practice and service provision. The aim of this study was to estimate the annual (age-specific, gender-specific and subtype-specific) incidence of diagnosed ED: anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN) and eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS) in primary care over a 10-year period in the UK (2000–2009); to examine the changes within the study period; and to describe peak age at diagnosis. Design Register-based study. Setting Primary care. Data were obtained from a primary care register, the General Practice Research Database, which contains anonymised records representing about 5% of the UK population. Participants All patients with a first-time diagnosis of AN, BN and EDNOS were identified. Primary outcome Annual crude and age-standardised incidence rates were calculated. Results A total of 9072 patients with a first-time diagnosis of an ED were identified. The age-standardised annual incidence rate of all diagnosed ED for ages 10–49 increased from 32.3 (95% CI 31.7 to 32.9) to 37.2 (95% CI 36.6 to 37.9) per 100?000 between 2000 and 2009. The incidence of AN and BN was stable; however, the incidence of EDNOS increased. The incidence of the diagnosed ED was highest for girls aged 15–19 and for boys aged 10–14. Conclusions The age-standardised incidence of ED increased in primary care between 2000 and 2009. New diagnoses of EDNOS increased, and EDNOS is the most common ED in primary care.

Micali, Nadia; Hagberg, Katrina W; Petersen, Irene; Treasure, Janet L

2013-01-01

317

NEUSE RIVER WATER QUALITY DATABASE  

EPA Science Inventory

The Neuse River water quality database is a Microsoft Access application that includes multiple data tables and some associated queries. The database was developed by Prof. Jim Bowen's research group....

318

Ionic Liquids Database- (ILThermo)  

National Institute of Standards and Technology Data Gateway

SRD 147 Ionic Liquids Database- (ILThermo) (Web, free access)   IUPAC Ionic Liquids Database, ILThermo, is a free web research tool that allows users worldwide to access an up-to-date data collection from the publications on experimental investigations of thermodynamic, and transport properties of ionic liquids as well as binary and ternary mixtures containing ionic liquids.

319

RWC Music Database: Popular, Classical and Jazz Music Databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the design policy and specifications of the RWC Music Database , a music database (DB) that is available to researchers for common use and research purposes. Various com- monly available DBs have been built in other research fields and have made a significant contribution to the research in those fields. The field of musical information processing, however,

Masataka Goto; Hiroki Hashiguchi; Takuichi Nishimura; Ryuichi Oka

2002-01-01

320

State of the Union  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Upon hearing about a site dedicated to State of the Union speeches, the eyes (and mousse) of some gentle readers may gravitate elsewhere. That would be a tremendous mistake in the case of this fine site, which presents graphical representations of how specific words have been used in these speeches over the years. Created by Brad Borevitz, the site draws on a number of open resources available on the web, and attempts to âÂÂexamine changes in the language of the State of the Union address over the past 200 years.â From the homepage, visitors can move their mouse over the graph featured prominently, and in doing so, they can view a visual representation of which words were featured in each speech. Of course, visitors can also examine the grade level at which each speech was written. After clicking on a given word (such as âÂÂtobaccoâÂÂ, which appears quite frequently in President TaftâÂÂs 1911 address), visitors will learn how many times the word was mentioned and where it appeared in the address. The entire site provides an interesting and unique glimpse into one type of content analysis, and one that is historically informed and quite relevant.

Borevitz, Brad

321

FACILITY DATABASE  

Cancer.gov

January 2008 LASP FACILTY Database Form 5.000 Issue Reporting Form This form is used to report data and/or program related issues regarding the FACILITY database, Supplemental, or the LASP Online Access System. Before submitting this form,

322

Conversion and enrichment in the Soviet Union  

SciTech Connect

In the Soviet Union, just as in the West, the civilian nuclear industry emerged from research work undertaken for nuclear weapons development. At first, researchers tried various techniques for physical separation of uranium isotopes: electromagnetic and molecular-kinetic thermo-diffusion methods; gaseous diffusion; and centrifuge methods. All of those methods, which are based primarily on differences in the atomic mass of uranium isotopes, called for extensive research and the development of new, technically unprecedented equipment. Gradually gaseous diffusion and gas centrifuge technology became recognized as most feasible for industrial use, so research on other methods was terminated. Industrial-scale uranium enrichment in the Soviet Union began in 1949 using the gaseous diffusion method; by the early 1960s, centrifuge technology was in use on an industrial scale. All Soviet production of highly-enriched, weapons-grade uranium was halted in 1987. The Soviet Union now has four enrichment plants in operation (at classified locations), solely for civilian nuclear power needs. All four enrichment plants have centrifuge modules, and enrichment provided by gaseous diffusion accounts for less than 5% of their total output. Two of the four enrichment plants also incorporate facilities for conversion to uranium hexafluoride (UF{sub 6}).

NONE

1991-04-01

323

The Research Article as an Instrument of Active Learning for Teaching about Violence, Sexual Abuse, and Union Formation among Low-Income Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As noted by Goldsmid and Wilson a quarter of a century ago, a "curious gulf" exists between teaching and research in sociology. This article addresses this problem by suggesting ways in which a current research article from the American Sociological Review can be used in courses at three different levels of the undergraduate curriculum. The active…

Purvin, Diane M.; Kain, Edward L.

2005-01-01

324

[Genetic fingerprints and computerised databases].  

PubMed

The computerised databases of genetic fingerprints are laboratory tools and by extension law enforcement tools, for which the European Union has defined the applications. As these genetic profiles give no information on specific hereditary characteristics, these bases have been established in order to respect the rights and fundamental liberties of each individual. Compatible at the international level, nobody contests today their rewards in the fight against crime. PMID:15005514

Sabatier, Myriam

2003-01-01

325

Angiotensin receptor blockers and risk of cancer: cohort study among people receiving antihypertensive drugs in UK General Practice Research Database  

PubMed Central

Objectives To investigate whether there is an association between use of angiotensin receptor blockers and risk of cancer. Design Cohort study of risk of cancer in people treated with angiotensin receptor blockers compared with angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. Effects were explored with time updated covariates in Cox models adjusted for age, sex, body mass index (BMI), diabetes and metformin/insulin use, hypertension, heart failure, statin use, socioeconomic status, alcohol, smoking, and calendar year. Absolute changes in risk were predicted from a Poisson model incorporating the strongest determinants of risk from the main analysis. Setting UK primary care practices contributing to the General Practice Research Database. Participants 377?649 new users of angiotensin receptor blockers or ACE inhibitors with at least one year of initial treatment. Main outcome measures Adjusted hazard ratios for all cancer and major site specific cancers (breast, lung, colon, prostate) by exposure to angiotensin receptor blockers and by cumulative duration of use. Results Follow-up ended a median of 4.6 years after the start of treatment; 20?203 cancers were observed. There was no evidence of any increase in overall risk of cancer among those ever exposed to angiotensin receptor blockers (adjusted hazard ratio 1.03, 95% confidence interval 0.99 to 1.06, P=0.10). For specific cancers, there was some evidence of an increased risk of breast and prostate cancer (1.11, 1.01 to 1.21, P=0.02; and 1.10, 1.00 to 1.20, P=0.04; respectively), which in absolute terms corresponded to an estimated 0.5 and 1.1 extra cases, respectively, per 1000 person years of follow-up among those with the highest baseline risk. Longer duration of treatment did not seem to be associated with higher risk (P>0.15 in each case). There was a decreased risk of lung cancer (0.84, 0.75 to 0.94), but no effect on colon cancer (1.02, 0.91 to 1.16). Conclusions Use of angiotensin receptor blockers was not associated with an increased risk of cancer overall. Observed increased risks for breast and prostate cancer were small in absolute terms, and the lack of association with duration of treatment meant that non-causal explanations could not be excluded.

2012-01-01

326

Embryonic stem cell research: the state of the union of "those who create the lines" and "those who draw the lines".  

PubMed

Recent events have ostensibly removed the primacy of the United States in embryonic stem (ES) cell research. George Walker Bush was the first U.S. President to allow federal funding of ES cell research under guidelines influenced by statements from pre-eminent stem cell scientists. The guidelines delimiting federal funding of ES cell research put forth by President Bush were endorsed by the public, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and by, at least by silent assent, the scientific community. At the time, the President was assured by eminent scientists and advisors that ES cells were immortal and stable, many viable lines existed, and they could be used for years for research and therapy. These premises have now been publicly challenged and individual states and other countries have announced plans to proceed with research that would be considered outside of the President's guidelines. All have thus far discovered that removal of U.S. federal support and oversight not only blunts science, but also abdicates responsible stewardship of the scientific process as well as the resulting technology. So while California, Canada, New Jersey, and Britain engage in ES research, suddenly the process stops; and no advances are made. Below I present a historical account of the seminal events and statements of legislators and ES cell researchers leading to and from that decision. The Journal welcomes our readers' comments on the issue at hand. PMID:17105397

Parker, Graham C

2006-10-01

327

Labor Unions: Progress and Promise.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for the secondary level, this curriculum guide on labor unions provides an historical background, inquiry-oriented classroom lessons, and resources. The guide contains 17 lessons which examine the structure and daily activities of unions and their members. The first six lessons explore the structure and function of local and national…

Kessler, Harold; And Others

328

Trade Unions about the Press.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyzes the attitudes of three Swedish trade unions toward the press. Local representatives of the unions answered a questionnaire about their contact with the local press, the press's impact on public opinion, fairness of press reporting, the press's fulfillment of its duties in informing the public, and future control of mass media.…

Strid, Jan

329

A Trade Union Sponsored Scheme  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Professor Max Eddy, Head of Purdue University's Department of Industrial Education, with the assistance of J.P. Corcoran, Director of a trade union training department, describe the development of a programme of training for apprentice instructors run jointly by the union and the university. (Editor)

Eddy, Max; Corcoran, J. P.

1969-01-01

330

Toward a More Perfect Union  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores school districts such as New Haven (Connecticut) Public Schools, whose local union is an American Federation of Teachers (AFT) affiliate and where a shared concern for students has trumped the often adversarial union-management relationship. The author discusses what makes the successful contract negotiations headed by David…

Schachter, Ron

2010-01-01

331

Exploring the Key Informational, Ethical and Legal Concerns to the Development of Population Genomic Databases for Pharmacogenomic Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The completion of a high quality comprehensive sequence of the human genome has lead to the discovery of genetic links to complex diseases and the development of target drugs. Population genetic databases (PGDs) are a powerful resource to the systematic study of the genetic component of disease; in the quest to understand the impact of genetic factors on drug response

Julia Alpert Gladstone

2005-01-01

332

News Music: Here comes science that rocks Student trip: Two views of the future of CERN Classroom: Researchers can motivate pupils Appointment: AstraZeneca trust appoints new director Multimedia: Physics Education comes to YouTube Competition: Students compete in European Union Science Olympiad 2010 Physics roadshow: Pupils see wonders of physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Music: Here comes science that rocks Student trip: Two views of the future of CERN Classroom: Researchers can motivate pupils Appointment: AstraZeneca trust appoints new director Multimedia: Physics Education comes to YouTube Competition: Students compete in European Union Science Olympiad 2010 Physics roadshow: Pupils see wonders of physics

2010-07-01

333

Generalized Database Management System Support for Numeric Database Environments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This overview of potential for utilizing database management systems (DBMS) within numeric database environments highlights: (1) major features, functions, and characteristics of DBMS; (2) applicability to numeric database environment needs and user needs; (3) current applications of DBMS technology; and (4) research-oriented and…

Dominick, Wayne D.; Weathers, Peggy G.

1982-01-01

334

Community Research and Development Information Service (CORDIS)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Acting as part of the European Commission's INNOVATION Programme, the Community Research and Development Information Service (CORDIS) provides information on European Union research, development, and innovation activities to help strengthen the competitiveness of European organizations, particularly small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). CORDIS's ten searchable databases covering various news and research publications, EU-funded research programs, and organizational contact and partnership directories are designed to help SMEs find data and funding. An Acronym dictionary of EU research and development terms aids search navigation, and key pages are available in English, French, German, and Italian.

335

Researchers under Pressure: A Comparative Study of New Forms of Producing, Advising and Transmitting Knowledge in Brazil and the European Union  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents some data from the literature and opinions from responses to interviews with 74 Brazilian and 15 European researchers. They were questioned about their work and the consequences to their lives caused by the changes imposed by the Coordinating Agency for Improvement in Higher Education Personnel (CAPES) in Brazil and the…

Bianchetti, Lucidio; Quartiero, Elisa Maria

2010-01-01

336

Graduate student research instruction: Testing an interactive Web-based library tutorial for a health sciences database  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interactive electronic tutorials offer flexibility in delivering library instruction; however, questions linger regarding their effectiveness compared to traditional librarian-led classroom lectures. This study examines a tutorial introducing health science students to the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature database. Half the student sample completed the tutorial and half attended a parallel lecture. A pre\\/post-test instrument measured mastery of

David L. Lechner

2005-01-01

337

The Human Gene Mutation Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Human Gene Mutation Database from the Institute of Medical Genetics at Cardiff provides practical information for researchers, physicians, and genetic counselors. The database is currently undergoing some reorganization, but information can be searched by "disease, gene name, or gene symbol." Search results are well organized and easy to navigate, linking directly to results from external Web databases without requiring that the user perform additional searches. Frequent users may also appreciate the listing of genes recently added to the database.

2008-09-09

338

The Human Gene Mutation Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Human Gene Mutation Database from the Institute of Medical Genetics at Cardiff provides practical information for researchers, physicians, and genetic counselors. The database is currently undergoing some reorganization, but information can be searched by "disease, gene name, or gene symbol." Search results are well organized and easy to navigate, linking directly to results from external Web databases without requiring that the user perform additional searches. Frequent users may also appreciate the listing of genes recently added to the database.

1997-01-01

339

Mycobacteriophage Genome Database  

PubMed Central

Mycobacteriophage genome database (MGDB) is an exclusive repository of the 64 completely sequenced mycobacteriophages with annotated information. It is a comprehensive compilation of the various gene parameters captured from several databases pooled together to empower mycobacteriophage researchers. The MGDB (Version No.1.0) comprises of 6086 genes from 64 mycobacteriophages classified into 72 families based on ACLAME database. Manual curation was aided by information available from public databases which was enriched further by analysis. Its web interface allows browsing as well as querying the classification. The main objective is to collect and organize the complexity inherent to mycobacteriophage protein classification in a rational way. The other objective is to browse the existing and new genomes and describe their functional annotation. Availability The database is available for free at http://mpgdb.ibioinformatics.org/mpgdb.php

Joseph, Jerrine; Rajendran, Vasanthi; Hassan, Sameer; Kumar, Vanaja

2011-01-01

340

Foreign-Market Entry Strategies in the European Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study utilized intra-firm, socio-cultural, geographical-proximity, and political-stability variables to explain bimodal foreign direct investment (FDI) patterns by agri-food and beverage multinational companies into and within the European Union. A logit framework incorporated a unique-count database of firm-level investment patterns from 1987–1998. The results showed the 1992 structural changes under the Maastricht Treaty increased the probability of wholly owned FDI

Kyle W. Stiegert; Archie Amir Ardalan; Thomas L. Marsh

2006-01-01

341

Simple Random Sampling from Relational Databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sampling as a fundamental operation for the auditing and statistical analysis of large databases is discussed. Methods of obtaining samples from the results of relational queries without first performing the query are presented. Specifically, simple random sampling from selections, projections, joins, unions, and intersections is examined. Also discussed are data structures and algorithms for sampling, and their performance. It is

Frank Olken; Doron Rotem

1986-01-01

342

Physical database design for relational databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the concepts used in the implementation of DBDSGN, an experimental physical design tool for relational databases developed at the IBM San Jose Research Laboratory. Given a workload for System R (consisting of a set of SQL statements and their execution frequencies), DBDSGN suggests physical configurations for efficient performance. Each configuration consists of a set of indices and

Sheldon J. Finkelstein; Mario Schkolnick; Paolo Tiberio

1988-01-01

343

Union of Concerned Scientists: Food and Agriculture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Food and Environment program was developed by the Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS) to help "create a food system that encourages innovative and environmentally sustainable ways to produce high-quality, safe, and affordable food, while ensuring that citizens have a voice in how their food is grown." The Food and Environment website provides information about three UCS focus areas: Antibiotic Resistance, Biotechnology, and Sustainable Agriculture. The site also links to action alerts, downloadable reports, news, and special features like the UCS Pharm Crop Database, a source for information on USDA-approved pharmaceutical and industrial crop production by state. Site visitors can also link to information about other UCS programs including Clean Vehicles, Global Environment, Clean Energy, and Global Security.

344

Teachers unions and student performance: help or hindrance?  

PubMed

Randall Eberts explores the role of teachers unions in public education. He focuses particularly on how collective bargaining agreements shape the delivery of educational services, how unions affect both student achievement and the cost of providing quality education, and how they support educational reform efforts. Eberts's synthesis of the empirical research concludes that union bargaining raises teachers' compensation, improves their working conditions, and enhances their employment security-while also raising the cost of providing public education by upwards of 15 percent. The effect of unions on student performance is mixed. Students of average ability who attend school in union districts perform better on standardized tests, whereas low-achieving and high-achieving students perform worse. However, the overall gain in achievement does not make up for the higher cost. Of late, unions have begun to be more supportive of school reform, moving from an adversarial bargaining model to a more collaborative one in which teachers and administrators share common goals and hold joint responsibility. Yet unions' desire to participate in reform does not match their fervor to organize in the 1960s and 1970s. While national union leadership has talked about reform, local affiliates have initiated most of the reform efforts, pioneering reforms such as accountability and incentive pay. In Eberts's view, one reason that unions have been slow to embrace reform efforts is the lack of consensus on their effectiveness. He argues that many reforms have been too narrowly focused; rather, effective schools result from well-designed systems and processes. In principle, adopting standards that help teachers focus on lessons they want students to learn, aligning their teaching to the lessons, and devising measurements that demonstrate that students are responding to these lessons can improve teaching as long as the public, policymakers, and school administrators acknowledge the complexity of the learning process and the broad outcomes that society desires. PMID:17407928

Eberts, Randall W

2007-01-01

345

Database structure and file layout of Nuclear Power Plant Database. Database for design information on Light Water Reactors in Japan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Nuclear Power Plant Database (PPD) has been developed at the Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) to provide plant design information on domestic Light Water Reactors (LWRs) to be used for nuclear safety research and so forth. This database ...

N. Yamamoto F. Izumi

1995-01-01

346

Database Manager  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is normal practice today for organizations to store large quantities of records of related information as computer-based files or databases. Purposeful information is retrieved by performing queries on the data sets. The purpose of DATABASE MANAGER is to communicate to students the method by which the computer performs these queries. This…

Martin, Andrew

2010-01-01

347

NSFC Databases  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Environmental Services Center (NESC) is based at West Virginia University and "serves as a clearinghouse for information about drinking water, wastewater, environmental training, and solid waste management in communities serving fewer than 10,000 individuals." As part of the NSFC larger Web site, the Databases page offers three online databases that can be accessed free after an initial registration. The Regulations Database contains copies of regulations for onsite wastewater treatment systems in 48 states, the Bibliographic Database stores thousands of articles dealing with onsite and small community wastewater issues, and the Manufacturers and Consultants Database houses a list of industry contacts for wastewater products and consulting services. Much more is available within the larger NSFC site and readers are encouraged to take a look through its contents.

2001-01-01

348

The DARE Database: UNESCO  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The DARE Database, maintained by UNESCO, includes an international directory of over 11,000 references to social science research and training institutes, social science specialists, social science documentation and information services, and social science periodicals. The directory also provides listings of peace, human rights, and international law institutions. Users may search the directory database by type of institution, country name, personal name, geographical coverage, periodical title, language of periodical, ISSN, or keyword.

349

Populating a Control Point Database: A cooperative effort between the USGS, Grand Canyon Monitoring and Research Center and the Grand Canyon Youth Organization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Grand Canyon Monitoring and Research Center measures the effects of Glen Canyon Dam operations on the resources along the Colorado River from Glen Canyon Dam to Lake Mead in support of the Grand Canyon Adaptive Management Program. Control points are integral for geo-referencing the myriad of data collected in the Grand Canyon including aerial photography, topographic and bathymetric data used for classification and change-detection analysis of physical, biologic and cultural resources. The survey department has compiled a list of 870 control points installed by various organizations needing to establish a consistent reference for data collected at field sites along the 240 mile stretch of Colorado River in the Grand Canyon. This list is the foundation for the Control Point Database established primarily for researchers, to locate control points and independently geo-reference collected field data. The database has the potential to be a valuable mapping tool for assisting researchers to easily locate a control point and reduce the occurrance of unknowingly installing new control points within close proximity of an existing control point. The database is missing photographs and accurate site description information. Current site descriptions do not accurately define the location of the point but refer to the project that used the point, or some other interesting fact associated with the point. The Grand Canyon Monitoring and Research Center (GCMRC) resolved this problem by turning the data collection effort into an educational exercise for the participants of the Grand Canyon Youth organization. Grand Canyon Youth is a non-profit organization providing experiential education for middle and high school aged youth. GCMRC and the Grand Canyon Youth formed a partnership where GCMRC provided the logistical support, equipment, and training to conduct the field work, and the Grand Canyon Youth provided the time and personnel to complete the field work. Two data collection efforts were conducted during the 2004 summer allowing 40 youth the opportunity to contribute valuable information to the Control Point Database. This information included: verification of point existence, photographs, accurate site descriptions concisely describing the location of the point, how to reach the point, the specific point location and detailed bearings to visible and obvious land marks. The youth learned to locate themselves and find the points using 1:1000 airphotos, write detailed site descriptions, take bearings with a compass, measure vertical and horizontal distances, and use a digital camera. The youth found information for 252 control points (29% of the total points).

Brown, K. M.; Fritzinger, C.; Wharton, E.

2004-12-01

350

Speechdat multilingual speech databases for teleservices: across the finish line  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of the SpeechDat project is to develop spoken language resources for speech recognisers s uited to realise voice driven teleservices. SpeechDat created speech databases for all official languages of the European Union and some major dialectal varieties and minority languages. The size of the databases ranges between 500 and 5000 speakers. In total 20 d atabases are recorded

Harald Höge; Christoph Draxler; Henk van den Heuvel; Finn Tore Johansen; Eric Sanders; Herbert S. Tropf

1999-01-01

351

Benefits and Costs of European Union Enlargement: Should Central and Eastern European CountriesJoin the EU?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research project tries to assess the impact of a future European Union enlargement on the economies of the candidate countries from Central and Eastern Europe and on the current members of the Union. The study looks at benefits and costs for the European Union and for the ex-socialist countries. Membership for the Eastern European countries will help promote economic

Ivanka Dimitrova

2002-01-01

352

Human Nutrition Research and Information Management (NHRIM) System: Databases of Federally Supported Human Nutrition Research Projects (FY88-FY91) (Date of Coverage: FY88-FY91).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Human Nutrition Research and Information Management (HNRIM) data base provides information on human nutrition research and research training activities supported in whole or in part by the Federal government. Subject coverage includes sponsoring organ...

1991-01-01

353

Protein Databases on the Internet  

PubMed Central

Protein databases have become a crucial part of modern biology. Huge amounts of data for protein structures, functions, and particularly sequences are being generated. Searching databases is often the first step in the study of a new protein. Comparison between proteins or between protein families provides information about the relationship between proteins within a genome or across different species, and hence offers much more information than can be obtained by studying only an isolated protein. In addition, secondary databases derived from experimental databases are also widely available. These databases reorganize and annotate the data or provide predictions. The use of multiple databases often helps researchers understand the structure and function of a protein. Although some protein databases are widely known, they are far from being fully utilized in the protein science community. This unit provides a starting point for readers to explore the potential of protein databases on the Internet.

Xu, Dong

2012-01-01

354

The PIR-International databases.  

PubMed Central

PIR-International is an association of macromolecular sequence data collection centers dedicated to fostering international cooperation as an essential element in the development of scientific databases. PIR-International is most noted for the Protein Sequence Database. This database originated in the early 1960's with the pioneering work of the late Margaret Dayhoff as a research tool for the study of protein evolution and intersequence relationships; it is maintained as a scientific resource, organized by biological concepts, using sequence homology as a guiding principle. PIR-International also maintains a number of other genomic, protein sequence, and sequence-related databases. The databases of PIR-International are made widely available. This paper briefly describes the architecture of the Protein Sequence Database, a number of other PIR-International databases, and mechanisms for providing access to and for distribution of these databases.

Barker, W C; George, D G; Mewes, H W; Pfeiffer, F; Tsugita, A

1993-01-01

355

The State of the Unions in Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

Significant developments during a period of transition for the labor movement in Mexico are described, including general declines in union membership; expansion of the maquiladora system accompanied by determined opposition to union-ization; and the effects of global labor markets, as reflected in limited ability of unions to raise wages and improve working conditions. Effects of the end of the 70-year

CHARLES R. GREER; CHARLES D. STEVENS; GREGORY K. STEPHENS

2007-01-01

356

New Perspectives of "old" Data Sources: the Dataset of Long-Term Research Watersheds in the Former Soviet Union for the Task of Hydrological Models Development, Verification and Comparison  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Lack of detailed process-oriented observational data is often claimed as one of the major obstacle for further advance of hydrological process understanding and development of deterministic models that do not rely on calibration. New sources of hydrological information (satellites, radars etc.) have the perspectives for the future but can not completely replace conventional and experimental observations at the moment. Long-term data-rich research catchments remain valuable if not the only source of information for development, verification, regionalization and comparison of different hydrological and environmental models. There existed the set of more than 20 such basins that were operated according to single observational program from the 1930-1950th to 1990th in the former Soviet Union. Research basins, so called water-balance stations, covered all main climatic and landscape zones such as taiga, forest-steppe, steppe, desert, mountains and permafrost regions. Each station conducted broad range of standard, special and experimental hydrometeorological field studies including spatially distributed meteorological observations, soil and snow variable states, measurements of the groundwater levels, hydrochemistry, evapotranspiration, discharges in several, often nested, slope- and small-scale watersheds, etc. The data were accompanied by the descriptions of observational techniques and landscapes allowing linking natural conditions with dominant hydrological processes. Each station is representative for larger area and the results of local studies could be transferred to other basins in similar conditions. Till recently the data existed only in hard copies in Russian language therefore they are not enough explored yet. We are currently digitizing main part of the observational and supportive materials and make it available for any scientific purpose via website http://hydrograph-model.ru/. We propose to hydrological community to use the data for comprehensive intercomparison studies of our models and their modules to reject inadequate algorithms and advance our process understanding and modeling efforts in different environments.

Lebedeva, L.; Semenova, O.

2013-12-01

357

Sexual Frequency and the Stability of Marital and Cohabiting Unions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior research found that lower sexual frequency and satisfaction were associated with higher rates of divorce, but little research had examined the role of sexual activity in the dissolution of cohabiting unions. We drew upon social exchange theory to hypothesize why sexual frequency is more important in cohabitation: (a) cohabitors' lower costs…

Yabiku, Scott T.; Gager, Constance T.

2009-01-01

358

BIOMARKERS DATABASE  

EPA Science Inventory

This database was developed by assembling and evaluating the literature relevant to human biomarkers. It catalogues and evaluates the usefulness of biomarkers of exposure, susceptibility and effect which may be relevant for a longitudinal cohort study. In addition to describing ...

359

American Geophysical Union  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Web site portrays AGU's role as a world wide scientific community devoted to the advancement of the "understanding of Earth and space for the benefit of humanity." Visitors can learn about AGU's numerous groups devoted to research in atmospheric and oceanic sciences, solid earth sciences, hydrology, and space science. Researchers will find information about upcoming meetings and how to submit abstracts. Everyone involved with publications may benefit from their ethical Guidelines to Publication of Geophysical Research. Interested visitors can also learn how to become a member of this longstanding nonprofit scientific organization.

360

RWC Music Database: Music genre database and musical instrument sound database  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the design policy and specifications of the RWC Music Database, a copyright-cleared mu- sic database (DB) compiled specifically for research pur- poses. Shared DBs are common in other research fields and have made significant contributions to progress in those fields. The field of music information processing, however, has lacked a common DB of musical pieces or a

Masataka Goto; Hiroki Hashiguchi; Ryuichi Ok; Ryuichi Oka

2003-01-01

361

The Molecular Biology Database Collection: 2006 update  

Microsoft Academic Search

The NAR Molecular Biology Database Collection is a public online resource that contains links to all databases described in this issue of Nucleic Acids Research. In addition, this collection lists databases that have been featured in previous issues of NAR, as well as selected other databases that are freely available to the public and may be useful to the molecular

M. Y. Galperin

2006-01-01

362

Bishop Museum: Ichthyology Databases  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website offers access to three on-line fish database sites from the Bishop Museum in Hawaii. The first database, the Bishop Museum Hawaiian Fish Checklist, contains 980 records and offers search fields for Genus, Order, Species, Family, and more. The second site, the Fuji Fish Searchable Database, is under construction but is still operational and includes search criteria for Taxa (with our without specimens), Taxon, and Locality. The third database, the Bishop Museum Zooarchaeology Laboratory Fish Osteology Collection, "is searchable by order, family, genus, species, common and local names, locality and status (whether endemic, indigenous, or non-indigenous). Bishop Museum's comparative reference collection is available for use by students and researchers interested in identifying fish remains from archaeological sites in Hawaii and elsewhere in the Pacific."

363

Glycoproteomic and glycomic databases.  

PubMed

Protein glycosylation serves critical roles in the cellular and biological processes of many organisms. Aberrant glycosylation has been associated with many illnesses such as hereditary and chronic diseases like cancer, cardiovascular diseases, neurological disorders, and immunological disorders. Emerging mass spectrometry (MS) technologies that enable the high-throughput identification of glycoproteins and glycans have accelerated the analysis and made possible the creation of dynamic and expanding databases. Although glycosylation-related databases have been established by many laboratories and institutions, they are not yet widely known in the community. Our study reviews 15 different publicly available databases and identifies their key elements so that users can identify the most applicable platform for their analytical needs. These databases include biological information on the experimentally identified glycans and glycopeptides from various cells and organisms such as human, rat, mouse, fly and zebrafish. The features of these databases - 7 for glycoproteomic data, 6 for glycomic data, and 2 for glycan binding proteins are summarized including the enrichment techniques that are used for glycoproteome and glycan identification. Furthermore databases such as Unipep, GlycoFly, GlycoFish recently established by our group are introduced. The unique features of each database, such as the analytical methods used and bioinformatical tools available are summarized. This information will be a valuable resource for the glycobiology community as it presents the analytical methods and glycosylation related databases together in one compendium. It will also represent a step towards the desired long term goal of integrating the different databases of glycosylation in order to characterize and categorize glycoproteins and glycans better for biomedical research. PMID:24725457

Baycin Hizal, Deniz; Wolozny, Daniel; Colao, Joseph; Jacobson, Elena; Tian, Yuan; Krag, Sharon S; Betenbaugh, Michael J; Zhang, Hui

2014-01-01

364

Glycoproteomic and glycomic databases  

PubMed Central

Protein glycosylation serves critical roles in the cellular and biological processes of many organisms. Aberrant glycosylation has been associated with many illnesses such as hereditary and chronic diseases like cancer, cardiovascular diseases, neurological disorders, and immunological disorders. Emerging mass spectrometry (MS) technologies that enable the high-throughput identification of glycoproteins and glycans have accelerated the analysis and made possible the creation of dynamic and expanding databases. Although glycosylation-related databases have been established by many laboratories and institutions, they are not yet widely known in the community. Our study reviews 15 different publicly available databases and identifies their key elements so that users can identify the most applicable platform for their analytical needs. These databases include biological information on the experimentally identified glycans and glycopeptides from various cells and organisms such as human, rat, mouse, fly and zebrafish. The features of these databases - 7 for glycoproteomic data, 6 for glycomic data, and 2 for glycan binding proteins are summarized including the enrichment techniques that are used for glycoproteome and glycan identification. Furthermore databases such as Unipep, GlycoFly, GlycoFish recently established by our group are introduced. The unique features of each database, such as the analytical methods used and bioinformatical tools available are summarized. This information will be a valuable resource for the glycobiology community as it presents the analytical methods and glycosylation related databases together in one compendium. It will also represent a step towards the desired long term goal of integrating the different databases of glycosylation in order to characterize and categorize glycoproteins and glycans better for biomedical research.

2014-01-01

365

78 FR 4875 - Office of Small Credit Unions (OSCUI) Loan Program Access for Credit Unions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Income Credit Union Designation: A credit union must be a LICU, or equivalent...of a Qualifying State-chartered Credit Union, in order to participate in...including new or expanded share draft or credit card programs; (ii) Partnership...

2013-01-23

366

Giving Raw Data a Chance to Talk: A Demonstration of Exploratory Visual Analytics with a Pediatric Research Database Using Microsoft Live Labs Pivot to Promote Cohort Discovery, Research, and Quality Assessment  

PubMed Central

Secondary use of large and open data sets provides researchers with an opportunity to address high-impact questions that would otherwise be prohibitively expensive and time consuming to study. Despite the availability of data, generating hypotheses from huge data sets is often challenging, and the lack of complex analysis of data might lead to weak hypotheses. To overcome these issues and to assist researchers in building hypotheses from raw data, we are working on a visual and analytical platform called PRD Pivot. PRD Pivot is a de-identified pediatric research database designed to make secondary use of rich data sources, such as the electronic health record (EHR). The development of visual analytics using Microsoft Live Labs Pivot makes the process of data elaboration, information gathering, knowledge generation, and complex information exploration transparent to tool users and provides researchers with the ability to sort and filter by various criteria, which can lead to strong, novel hypotheses.

Viangteeravat, Teeradache; Nagisetty, Naga Satya V. Rao

2014-01-01

367

Giving raw data a chance to talk: a demonstration of exploratory visual analytics with a pediatric research database using microsoft live labs pivot to promote cohort discovery, research, and quality assessment.  

PubMed

Secondary use of large and open data sets provides researchers with an opportunity to address high-impact questions that would otherwise be prohibitively expensive and time consuming to study. Despite the availability of data, generating hypotheses from huge data sets is often challenging, and the lack of complex analysis of data might lead to weak hypotheses. To overcome these issues and to assist researchers in building hypotheses from raw data, we are working on a visual and analytical platform called PRD Pivot. PRD Pivot is a de-identified pediatric research database designed to make secondary use of rich data sources, such as the electronic health record (EHR). The development of visual analytics using Microsoft Live Labs Pivot makes the process of data elaboration, information gathering, knowledge generation, and complex information exploration transparent to tool users and provides researchers with the ability to sort and filter by various criteria, which can lead to strong, novel hypotheses. PMID:24808811

Viangteeravat, Teeradache; Nagisetty, Naga Satya V Rao

2014-01-01

368

VAMDC FP7 project and STARK-B database: C II Stark broadening parameters for white dwarf atmospheres research  

SciTech Connect

Stark broadening parameters of C II lines were determined within 3s-np spectral series within the semiclassical perturbation method. The atomic energy levels needed for calculations were taken from TOPBASE as well as the oscillator strengths, calculated additionally using the Coulomb approximation (the method of Bates and Damgaard). The both results were compared and the disagreement is found only in one case where the configuration mixing allows a forbidden transition to a close perturbing energy level. Calculations were performed for plasma conditions relevant for atmospheres of DQ white dwarfs and for a new type of white dwarfs, with surface composed mostly of carbon, discovered in 2007 by Dufour et al.. The aim of this work is to provide accurate C II Stark broadening data, which are crucial for this type of white dwarf atmosphere modellisation. Obtained results will be included in STARK-B database (http://stark-b.obspm.fr/), entering in the FP7 project of European Virtual Atomic and Molecular Data Center VAMDC aiming at building an interoperable e-Infrastructure for the exchange of atomic and molecular data (http://www.vamdc.org/).

Larbi-Terzi, Neila; Ben Nessib, Nebil [Groupe de Recherche en Physique Atomique et Astrophysique, Institut National des Sciences Appliquees et de Technologie, University of 7 November at Carthage, Centre Urbain Nord B. P. No. 676, 1080 Tunis Cedex (Tunisia); Sahal-Brechot, Sylvie [Laboratoire d'Etude du Rayonnement et de la Matiere en Astrophysique, Observatoire de Paris-Meudon, UMR CNRS 8112, Batiment 18, 5 Place Jules Janssen, F-92195 Meudon Cedex (France); Dimitrijevic, Milan S. [Astronomical Observatory, Volgina 7, 11060 Belgrade 38 (Serbia)

2010-11-23

369

Virginia Tech - Union/Find  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Allows users to select set sizes of from 8 to 20 nodes, and then perform union operations on them. The result on the disjoint set is shown. Steps are explained as the user makes the connections. Shows both the union/find physical array and the logical (tree) view. The message panel clearly explains each step. Shows results either with or without path compression. Changes in the trees shown with animation and color. Should be a good way to show students a data structure and algorithm that they often have trouble with. Recommended as lecture aide, standalone, self-study suppliment to tutorial or lecture.

Shaffer, Cliff; Kania, Chris

370

[Human cloning in the activities of the European Union].  

PubMed

The European Union has been concerned with human cloning since the late 80. It resulted from inclusion of biotechnology into the sphere of European integration. The attitude of the European Union in the domain of human cloning was shaped, in principle in the second part of the 90. As the Community law stands at present, the European Union is not able to regulate all aspects of the cloning of human beings. It has no general power to decide in that sphere, especially, as far as bioethic aspects are concerned. The cloning of human beings in the European Union is understood as a process aiming at producing new human being, genetically identical with another live or dead human being. Thus the notion of human cloning is reduced to reproductive cloning. Three instruments are at the disposal of the European Union in the domain of human cloning. The first is prohibition of reproductive cloning as a general principle of Community law. However, that principle is not the result of judicial activity of the European Court of Justice (as general principles normally are), but the logical consequence of views formally expressed by the European Parliament, the Council of the Europe as well as the Commission. The principle was finally included in the Charter of fundamental rights of the European Union. The second instrument is an imperative prohibition of patent granting to biotechnological inventions on human reproductive cloning. Last, but not least, the Union applies a prohibition of financing scientific research connected with human cloning from the budget of the European Communities within the V Framework Programme in the field of research and technological development. PMID:11684778

Mik, C

2001-01-01

371

Bisphosphonates and Risk of Upper Gastrointestinal Cancer -- A Case Control Study Using the General Practice Research Database (GPRD)  

PubMed Central

Background Concerns have been raised as to the safety of bisphosphonates; in particular a possible link between bisphosphonate use and upper gastrointestinal (GI) cancer. Two published studies using different study populations but drawn from earlier versions of the same national UK database, reached differing conclusions: one finding no evidence for an increase in the risk of gastric or oesophageal cancer in bisphosphonate users and one finding a small but significantly increased risk of oesophageal cancer linked to duration of bisphosphonate use. Methodology/ Principal Findings Design-A case control study comparing bisphosphonate prescribing in cases of upper GI cancer from 1995 to 2007 using UK primary care electronic health records (GPRD). Main Outcome Measure-Relative Risk (approximated to Odds Ratio for rare events) for oesophageal and gastric cancer development in bisphosphonate users compared to non–users. The odds of being a case of oesophageal cancer, adjusted for smoking status, were significantly increased in women who had had one or more bisphosphonate prescriptions, odds ratio 1·54 (95% CI 1·27–1·88) compared to non-users. There was no significant effect on gastric cancer in women, odds ratio adjusted for smoking status, 1.06 (95% CI 0.83–1.37) and also no apparent risk in men for either oesophageal or gastric cancer, odds ratio adjusted for smoking status 0.78 (95%CI 0.56–1.09) and 0.87 (95% CI 0.55–1.36) respectively. Conclusions/ Significance Our results support a small but significant increased risk of oesophageal cancer in women prescribed bisphosphonates and is based on the largest number of exposed cases to date in the UK.

Wright, Ellen; Schofield, Peter T.; Seed, Paul; Molokhia, Mariam

2012-01-01

372

Hospital Records Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new joint project from the Wellcome Trust and the UK Public Record Office helps researchers locate records of hospitals all over the UK. The database currently contains over 2,800 entries and may be searched by hospital or town name. Information contained in the database includes administrative details of the hospitals, location and covering dates of administrative and clinical records, and the existence of lists, catalogs or other finding aids. A sample search for "royal" under hospital name returned 210 records, and one for "Manchester" under town name produced 124 returns. While the target audience of this database -- researchers in British medical history -- is rather specialized, this new resource will prove extremely useful for these scholars and their students.

373

INVADERS Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at the University of Montana and directed by Dr. Peter Rice, the INVADERS Database is "a comprehensive database of exotic plant names and weed distribution records for five states in the northwestern United States." Designed for use by land management and weed regulatory agencies, INVADERS uses a query interface (plant name or location) to sort and display information. Data are updated regularly so as to increase the chance of detecting and halting the rapid spread of alien weeds. Highlights of the site include the noxious weed listings for all US states and six Canadian provinces, historic distribution records against which to compare current plant distributions, and summary statistics such as the number of invasive species detected per state or a summary of the 120 year invasion, among others. The INVADERS database will prove both interesting and useful to managers and academics, alike.

1997-01-01

374

Propulsion System Airframe Integration Issues and Aerodynamic Database Development for the Hyper-X Flight Research Vehicle.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

NASA's Hyper-X Research Vehicle will provide a unique opportunity to obtain data on an operational airframe integrated scramjet propulsion system at true flight conditions. The airframe integrated nature of the scramjet engine with the Hyper-X vehicle res...

W. C. Engelund S. D. Holland R. D. Bittner C. E. Crockell

1999-01-01

375

Online Literature Searching and Databases at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Environmental Research Center Library, Cincinnati, Ohio.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide to information services used by the Environmental Research Center (ERC) in Cincinnati, the scientific and technical information focal point for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), explains the online searching services available at the Cincinnati Library, outlines the procedure for requesting a literature search, and…

Calkins, Mary L., Comp.

376

A closer look at the relationship between justice perceptions and union participation.  

PubMed

In this study, a series of nested models was tested to assess the extent to which the relationship between process-related justice and union participation is mediated by perceived union support and union commitment. Members of a steelworkers' local (N = 615) participated in the study. Fit indices most strongly supported a fully mediated model. Unlike previous research, process-related justice was operationalized as 2 distinct variables: procedural and interactional justice. Interactional justice was found to have a substantially stronger relationship with support perceptions than procedural justice. Results also indicated union support accounted for a greater amount of unique variance in union commitment than perceived union instrumentality. The results are discussed in relation to trust theory and the generalization of organization science across different types of organizations. PMID:11768053

Fuller, J B; Hester, K

2001-12-01

377

A quantitative definition of scaphoid union: determining the inter-rater reliability of two techniques  

PubMed Central

Background Despite extensive literature supporting the use of computerized tomography (CT) scans in evaluating scaphoid fractures, there has not been a consensus on the methodology for defining and quantifying union. The purpose of this study was to test the inter-observer reliability of two methods of quantifying scaphoid union. Methods The CT scans of 50 non-operatively treated scaphoid fractures were reviewed by four blinded observers. Each was asked to classify union into one of three categories, united, partially united, or tenuously united, based on their general impression. Each reviewer then carefully analyzed each CT slice and quantified union based on two methods, the mean percentage union and the weighted mean percentage union. The estimated percentage of scaphoid union for each scan was recorded, and inter-observer reliability for both methods was assessed using a Bland-Altman plot to calculate the 95% limits of agreement. Kappa statistic was used to measure the degree of agreement for the categorical assessment of union. Results There was very little difference in the percentage of union calculated between the two methods (mean difference between the two methods was 1.2?±?4.1%), with each reviewer demonstrating excellent agreement between the two methods based on the Bland-Altman plot. The kappa score indicated very good agreement (??=?0.80) between the consultant hand surgeon and the musculoskeletal radiologist, and good agreement (??=?0.62) between the consultant hand surgeon and the hand fellow for the categorical assessment of union. Conclusions This study describes two methods of quantifying and defining scaphoid union, both with a high inter-rater reliability. This indicates that either method can be reliably used, making it an important tool for both for clinical use and research purposes in future studies of scaphoid fractures, particularly those which are using union or time to union as their endpoint. Level of evidence Diagnostic, level III

2013-01-01

378

Beyond Unions and Collective Bargaining.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes the reasons for decline of union representation to 9% of private sector workers. Suggests that workplace conditions and labor legislation designed to foster collective voice also sustain the individual system of representation, which is consistent with the philosophy of an open society. (SK)

Troy, Leo

2000-01-01

379

Back Disorders Among Union Carpenters.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

We conducted a study of back disorders among a well-defined cohort of construction carpenters. By combining sources of administrative data we had a unique picture of medical care for a large cohort of union carpenters through their workers' compensation a...

B. Silverstein H. J. Lipscomb J. M. Dement K. L. Kucera W. Cameron

2009-01-01

380

Agriculture and European Union Enlargement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Potential accession of a number of eastern and central European countries into the European Union (EU) seems destined to lead to further reforms of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). The financial costs of absorbing these countries may be extreme. This report documents the modeling framework (European Simulation Model, ESIM) used to analyze the 1992 CAP reform and discusses possible effects

Timothy E. Josling; David R. Kelch; Peter S. Liapis; Stefan Tangermann

1998-01-01

381

Automated database design technology and tools  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Automated Database Design Technology and Tools research project results are summarized in this final report. Comments on the state of the art in various aspects of database design are provided, and recommendations made for further research for SNAP and NAVMASSO future database applications.

Shen, Stewart N. T.

1988-01-01

382

The AMMA database  

Microsoft Academic Search

The AMMA project includes aircraft, ground-based and ocean measurements, an intensive use of satellite data and diverse modelling studies. Therefore, the AMMA database aims at storing a great amount and a large variety of data, and at providing the data as rapidly and safely as possible to the AMMA research community. In order to stimulate the exchange of information and

Jean-Luc Boichard; Guillaume Brissebrat; Sophie Cloche; Laurence Eymard; Laurence Fleury; Laurence Mastrorillo; Oumarou Moulaye; Karim Ramage

2010-01-01

383

Indexing in Spatial Databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spatial information processing has been a focus of research in the past decade. In spatial databases, data are associated with spatial coordinates and extents, and are retrieved based on spatial proximity. A formidable number of spatial indexes have been proposed to facilitate spatial data retrieval. In this paper, we examine various spatial indexes proposed in the literature and present a

Beng Chin Ooi; Ron Sacks-Davis Jiawei

384

Five-year experience with setup and implementation of an integrated database system for clinical documentation and research.  

PubMed

In radiation oncology, where treatment concepts are elaborated in interdisciplinary collaborations, handling distributed, large heterogeneous amounts of data efficiently is very important, yet challenging, for an optimal treatment of the patient as well as for research itself. This becomes a strong focus, as we step into the era of modern personalized medicine, relying on various quantitative data information, thus involving the active contribution of multiple medical specialties. Hence, combining patient data from all involved information systems is inevitable for analyses. Therefore, we introduced a documentation and data management system integrated in the clinical environment for electronic data capture. We discuss our concept and five-year experience of a precise electronic documentation system, with special focus on the challenges we encountered. We specify how such a system can be designed and implemented to plan, tailor and conduct (multicenter) clinical trials, ultimately reaching the best clinical performance, and enhancing interdisciplinary and clinical research. PMID:24629596

Kessel, Kerstin A; Bohn, Christian; Engelmann, Uwe; Oetzel, Dieter; Bougatf, Nina; Bendl, Rolf; Debus, Jürgen; Combs, Stephanie E

2014-04-01

385

Eukaryotic Promoter Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Eukaryotic Promoter Database (EPD), developed at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel and currently maintained at the Swiss Institute for Experimental Cancer Research, is an annotated collection of eukaryotic POL II promoters intended to assist experimental researchers as well as computer analysts in the investigation of eukaryotic transcription signals. Promoters are included in EPD if they are recognized by eukaryotic RNA POL II, active in a higher eukaryote, experimentally defined or homologous and sufficiently similar to an experimentally defined promoter, biologically functional, available in the current EMBL release, and distinct from other promoters in the database. Database entries (searchable by organism, homology group, sequence, keywords, references, etc.) include promoter identifications and descriptions, information on the experimental evidence, various kinds of promoter classifications and regulatory properties, as well as bibliographic references and cross-references to other databases. The EPD Website also features yearly-updated base frequency matrices for major eukaryotic promoter elements, a user manual, and a link to a complementary database called EPDX, which allows users to view available gene expression data for human EPD promoters.

1969-12-31

386

The Rat Genome Database (RGD): developments towards a phenome database  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Rat Genome Database (RGD) (http:\\/\\/rgd.mcw. edu) aims to meet the needs of its community by pro- viding genetic and genomic infrastructure while also annotating the strengths of rat research: biochemis- try, nutrition, pharmacology and physiology. Here, we report on RGD's development towards creating a phenome database. Recent developments can be categorized into three groups. (i) Improved data collection and

Norberto De La Cruz; Susan Bromberg; Dean Pasko; Mary Shimoyama; Simon N. Twigger; Jiali Chen; Chin-fu Chen; Chunyu Fan; Cindy Foote; Gopal R. Gopinath; Glenn Harris; Aubrey Hughes; Yuan Ji; Weihong Jin; Dawei Li; Jedidiah Mathis; Natalya Nenasheva; Jeff Nie; Rajni Nigam; Victoria Petri; Dorothy Reilly; Weiye Wang; Wenhua Wu; Angela Zuniga-meyer; Lan Zhao; Anne E. Kwitek; Peter J. Tonellato; Howard J. Jacob

2005-01-01

387

Lightweight Databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current World Wide Web technologies concentrate on presenting documents to human readers. Although HTML identifies structures within a document, it does not allow the semantic content of document sections to be specified explicitly. We investigate a small extension to HTML which allows parts of a document to be mapped onto an underlying database schema. This allows automatic identification and extraction

Simon A. Dobson; Victoria A. Burrill

1995-01-01

388

Representing fixed-term workers: the anatomy of a trade union campaign  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Drawing on literature that examines trade union representation of “non-standard” workers, this paper aims to analyse the attempts of the Association of University Teachers (AUT) to integrate the interests of contract research staff (CRS) employed on fixed-term contracts between 1974 and 2002. The paper examines the union campaign under five areas identified in the literature as important to

Hazel Conley; Paul Stewart

2008-01-01

389

Education for Organising in a Hot Climate: A Manufacturing Union's Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on research into a national education program within one of Australia's largest trade unions. The program was designed to assist the union's staff and elected officials respond to the rapidly changing industrial and political conditions in the manufacturing sector. It is ambitious in scope comprising sixteen modules that range…

Brown, Tony

2006-01-01

390

A State-Wide Union Catalog Feasibility Study. Final Report on Project III--FY 1976.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of the project was to develop an inexpensive and effective technique for matching records in multiple fields in order to build a union catalog containing only one representation of a given book. The Information Retrieval Research Lab (IRRL) developed a prototype system called IUCS (IRRL Union Catalog System) by testing various…

Williams, Martha E.; MacLaury, Keith D.

391

Proliferation and the former Soviet Union  

SciTech Connect

The report examines the whole range of consequences for proliferation of weapons of mass destruction of the Soviet Union's breakup and describes how U.S. assistance may reduce specific proliferation risks in the former Soviet Union.

Not Available

1994-09-01

392

Partnership Creates Centre for Union Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A unique cooperative venture between the city of Coventry and local trade unions is establishing a library collection of books, periodicals, historical documents, tapes, and films dealing with unions, labor studies, and industrial problems. (JAB)

Smart, Carol; Roman, Stephen

1978-01-01

393

Public Employee Unions and the Post Commander.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The last two decades revealed a trend toward unionization by public sector employees including civilian employees on military installations. In this paper, LTC Daniel examines public sector employee unions and specifically their propensity to strike. Sinc...

E. L. Daniel

1982-01-01

394

The Molecular Biology Database Collection: 2005 update  

PubMed Central

The Nucleic Acids Research Molecular Biology Database Collection is a public online resource that lists the databases described in this and previous issues of Nucleic Acids Research together with other databases of value to the biologist and available throughout the world. All databases included in this Collection are freely available to the public. The 2005 update includes 719 databases, 171 more than the 2004 one. The databases are organized in a hierarchical classification that simplifies the process of finding the right database for any given task. The growing number of databases related to immunology, plant and organelle research have been accommodated by separating them into three new categories. The database summaries provide brief descriptions of the databases, contact details, appropriate references and acknowledgements. The online summaries also serve as a venue for the maintainers of each database to introduce database updates and other improvements in the scope and tools. These updates are particularly important for those databases that have not been described in print in the recent past. The database list and summaries are available online at the Nucleic Acids Research web site, http://nar.oupjournals.org/.

Galperin, Michael Y.

2005-01-01

395

Nuclear Sources and Assets Database (NUSAD) Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Nuclear Sources and Assets Database (NUSAD) has been developed and is being maintained by the Atmospheric Radionuclide Monitoring Program at the Center for Monitoring Research (CMR). NUSAD is an Oracle-based database that contains information regardin...

D. Leussing J. C. Rynes

2001-01-01

396

Union wealth: The bargaining power implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conventional wisdom holds that U.S. unions are in crisis. Recently, however, unions have shown both boldness and initiative,\\u000a remarkably in the proposed merger between the Auto Workers, Steelworkers, and Machinists. Regardless of whether labor is genuinely\\u000a on the rebound, unions need money in order to retain clout and expand. I explore the financial wealth of the 28 largest U.S.-based\\u000a unions

Marick F. Masters

1997-01-01

397

The Cardiac Safety Research Consortium electrocardiogram warehouse: thorough QT database specifications and principles of use for algorithm development and testing.  

PubMed

This document examines the formation, structure, and principles guiding the use of electrocardiogram (ECG) data sets obtained during thorough QT studies that have been derived from the ECG Warehouse of the Cardiac Safety Research Consortium (CSRC). These principles are designed to preserve the fairness and public interest of access to these data, commensurate with the mission of the CSRC. The data sets comprise anonymized XML formatted digitized ECGs and descriptive variables from placebo and positive control arms of individual studies previously submitted on a proprietary basis to the US Food and Drug Administration by pharmaceutical sponsors. Sponsors permit the release of these studies into the public domain through the CSRC on behalf of the Food and Drug Administration's Critical Path Initiative and public health interest. For algorithm research protocols submitted to and approved by CSRC, unblinded "training" ECG data sets are provided for algorithm development and for initial evaluation, whereas separate blinded "testing" data sets are used for formal algorithm evaluation in cooperation with the CSRC according to methods detailed in this document. PMID:21146653

Kligfield, Paul; Green, Cynthia L; Mortara, Justin; Sager, Philip; Stockbridge, Norman; Li, Michael; Zhang, Joanne; George, Samuel; Rodriguez, Ignacio; Bloomfield, Daniel; Krucoff, Mitchell W

2010-12-01

398

Epilepsy informatics and an ontology-driven infrastructure for large database research and patient care in epilepsy.  

PubMed

The epilepsy community increasingly recognizes the need for a modern classification system that can also be easily integrated with effective informatics tools. The 2010 reports by the United States President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) identified informatics as a critical resource to improve quality of patient care, drive clinical research, and reduce the cost of health services. An effective informatics infrastructure for epilepsy, which is underpinned by a formal knowledge model or ontology, can leverage an ever increasing amount of multimodal data to improve (1) clinical decision support, (2) access to information for patients and their families, (3) easier data sharing, and (4) accelerate secondary use of clinical data. Modeling the recommendations of the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) classification system in the form of an epilepsy domain ontology is essential for consistent use of terminology in a variety of applications, including electronic health records systems and clinical applications. In this review, we discuss the data management issues in epilepsy and explore the benefits of an ontology-driven informatics infrastructure and its role in adoption of a "data-driven" paradigm in epilepsy research. PMID:23647220

Sahoo, Satya S; Zhang, Guo-Qiang; Lhatoo, Samden D

2013-08-01

399

Modeling Demand for Unionization with Nontraditional Data Analysis Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Upon reviewing the extant literature on determinants of unionism, it becomes clear that many areas that have had a plethora of research attention do not converge upon singularly directional findings. This study explores a potential cause of such an apparent anomaly: nonlinearity of data. An exploratory examination of correlation coefficients among…

DeGroot, Timothy

2006-01-01

400

Unmeasurable characteristics in comparing economies: Poland and European Union Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

After the recent period of economic and political change, many countries of Central and Eastern Europe are interested in integrating with the European Union. Therefore, there is considerable significance in comparative research in economic policies. One of the methods used is the taxonomic approach. During the evaluation and comparison of various national economies' development, both measurable and unmeasurable features are

Maciej Jesionowski

1998-01-01

401

Attitude Change of American Tourists in the Soviet Union.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pre- and post-travel questionnaires mailed to American tourists visiting the Soviet Union record attitude change and serve as the basis for this eight-chapter research project report. Most of the report considers the relation of various factors to attitude change, including education, level of information, language ability, sex, age, occupation,…

Grothe, Peter

402

Manufacturing Dissent: Labor Revitalization, Union Summer and Student Protest  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the late 1990s, college students across the United States mobilized around labor issues. Our research explores whether this explosion of student protest activity was generated, in part, by concerted efforts of the AFL-CIO through its Union Summer college student internship program. A statistical analysis of factors influencing the location…

Van Dyke, Nella; Dixon, Marc; Carlon, Helen

2007-01-01

403

CURRENCY UNIONS, TRADE FLOWS AND CAPITAL FLOWS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract.?Trade within currency unions is much larger than outside of currency unions, even after factoring in many relevant variables. The existing empirical evidence is based on reduced form models of trade, and therefore indicates correlation between but neither causality nor mechanism. This paper argues that the causal relationship runs from currency unions to trade, and then considers two possible mechanisms

J ames Y etman

2007-01-01

404

Uneven Reserves: Geographies of Banking Trade Unionism  

Microsoft Academic Search

WILLS J. (1996) Uneven reserves: geographies of banking trade unionism, Reg. Studies30, 359–372. This paper explores the geography of trade union organization in the retail banking sector. Spatial variations in union membership, and the reasons for these differences, are excavated using empirical material collected in two high street banks in Welwyn Garden City (Hertfordshire) and Warrington (Cheshire) during 1993. Despite

Jane Wills

1996-01-01

405

Efficiency Wages, Trade Unions, and Employment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper integrates union bargaining into an efficiency model with imperfect monitoring of worker performance. The model is used to examine the effects of an increase in the benefit replacement ratio on wages, employment, and effort. It is shown that, in contrast to both standard shirking and trade union models, these effects are all ambiguous. In particular, if unions have

Lutz Altenburg; Martin Straub

1998-01-01

406

75 FR 75648 - Corporate Credit Unions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and 741 RIN 3133-AD74 Corporate Credit Unions AGENCY: National...proposed rule amending its corporate credit union rule. 75 FR...only): Federal eRulemaking Portal: http://www.regulations...Rulemaking for Part 704--Corporate Credit Unions'' in the...

2010-12-06

407

Occupational exposure to carcinogens in the European Union  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES—To construct a computer assisted information system for the estimation of the numbers of workers exposed to established and suspected human carcinogens in the member states of the European Union (EU).?METHODS—A database called CAREX (carcinogen exposure) was designed to provide selected exposure data and documented estimates of the number of workers exposed to carcinogens by country, carcinogen, and industry. CAREX includes data on agents evaluated by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) (all agents in groups 1 and 2A as of February 1995, and selected agents in group 2B) and on ionising radiation, displayed across the 55 industrial classes. The 1990-3 occupational exposure was estimated in two phases. Firstly, estimates were generated by the CAREX system on the basis of national labour force data and exposure prevalence estimates from two reference countries (Finland and the United States) which had the most comprehensive data available on exposures to these agents. For selected countries, these estimates were then refined by national experts in view of the perceived exposure patterns in their own countries compared with those of the reference countries.?RESULTS—About 32 million workers (23% of those employed) in the EU were exposed to agents covered by CAREX. At least 22 million workers were exposed to IARC group 1 carcinogens. The exposed workers had altogether 42 million exposures (1.3 mean exposures for each exposed worker). The most common exposures were solar radiation (9.1 million workers exposed at least 75% of working time), environmental tobacco smoke (7.5 million workers exposed at least 75% of working time), crystalline silica (3.2 million exposed), diesel exhaust (3.0 million), radon (2.7 million), and wood dust (2.6 million).?CONCLUSION—These preliminary estimates indicate that in the early 1990s, a substantial proportion of workers in the EU were exposed to carcinogens.???Keywords: exposure; carcinogen; Europe

Kauppinen, T.; Toikkanen, J.; Pedersen, D.; Young, R.; Ahrens, W.; Boffetta, P.; Hansen, J.; Kromhout, H.; Blasco, J. M.; Mirabelli, D.; de la Orden-River..., V.; Pannett, B.; Plato, N.; Savela, A.; Vincent, R.; Kogevinas, M.

2000-01-01

408

State of the Data Union, 1992  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This is the first report on the State of the Data Union (SDU) for the NASA Office of Space Science and Applications (OSSA). OSSA responsibilities include the collection, analysis, and permanent archival of data critical to space science research. The nature of how this is done by OSSA is evolving to keep pace with changes in space research. Current and planned missions have evolved to be more complex and multidisciplinary, and are generating much more data and lasting longer than earlier missions. New technologies enable global access to data, transfer of huge volumes of data, and increasingly complex analysis. The SDU provides a snapshot of this dynamic environment, identifying trends in capabilities and requirements. The current space science data environment is described and parameters which capture the pulse of key functions within that environment are presented. Continuous efforts of OSSA to improve the availability and quality of data provided to the scientific community are reported, highlighting efforts such as the Data Management Initiative.

1992-01-01

409

Drinking Water Treatability Database (Database)  

EPA Science Inventory

The drinking Water Treatability Database (TDB) will provide data taken from the literature on the control of contaminants in drinking water, and will be housed on an interactive, publicly-available USEPA web site. It can be used for identifying effective treatment processes, rec...

410

12 CFR 704.3 - Corporate credit union capital.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Corporate credit union capital. 704.3 Section 704.3 Banks and Banking NATIONAL CREDIT UNION ADMINISTRATION REGULATIONS AFFECTING CREDIT UNIONS CORPORATE CREDIT UNIONS § 704.3...

2014-01-01

411

GLOBAL ECOSYSTEMS DATABASE: DATABASE DOCUMENTATION AND CD-ROM  

EPA Science Inventory

The primary objective of this cooperative research and development is to produce an integrated, quality controlled, global database (including time sequences) for spatially distributed modeling. he project concentrates on modern observational data, including remotely sensed data ...

412

Trail Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Something of a veteran by Internet standards, the Trail Database has been around since 1997 and, as such, now bills itself as the "world's largest hiking trail database." "Henk," the Dutch hiker responsible for this compendium, updates the site regularly and has included a wide variety of links to helpful material here. Users can search or browse the resources, which are arranged both under general topics, such as Knots or Equipment, and by country. Those planning European hikes will find the links off the front page to foot and mouth disease-related hiking restrictions useful (though we found some of these links to be broken). In all, an impressive collection of material. The site is available in Dutch or English.

1997-01-01

413

Superconductivity Papers Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Electrotechnical Laboratory (Ministry of International Trade and Industry) and the International Superconductivity Technology Center Foundation (Japan) provide this no-frills, searchable-only bibliographic database of 32,000 superconductivity papers in the areas of High Tc, C60 (Fullerene) related, organic, non-oxide, and oxide conductor. Papers can be searched on title, author, abstract word, or year. The database contains citations mostly from 1987-present in pertinent scholarly journals. The "How to Search" section gives hints on browsing parts of the database via use of the truncation symbol in combination with a classificatory serial number prefix. While there is nothing pretty or particularly user-friendly about the interface, the number of citations on these highly specialized topics should be of use researchers in the field.

1998-01-01

414

Incidence and prevalence of multiple sclerosis in the UK 1990-2010: a descriptive study in the General Practice Research Database  

PubMed Central

Objectives To estimate the incidence and prevalence of multiple sclerosis (MS) by age and describe secular trends and geographic variations within the UK over the 20-year period between 1990 and 2010 and hence to provide updated information on the impact of MS throughout the UK. Design A descriptive study. Setting The study was carried out in the General Practice Research Database (GPRD), a primary care database representative of the UK population. Main outcome measures Incidence and prevalence of MS per 100?000 population. Secular and geographical trends in incidence and prevalence of MS. Results The prevalence of MS recorded in GPRD increased by about 2.4% per year (95% CI 2.3% to 2.6%) reaching 285.8 per 100?000 in women (95% CI 278.7 to 293.1) and 113.1 per 100?000 in men (95% CI 108.6 to 117.7) by 2010. There was a consistent downward trend in incidence of MS reaching 11.52 per 100?000/year (95% CI 10.96 to 12.11) in women and 4.84 per 100?000/year (95% CI 4.54 to 5.16) in men by 2010. Peak incidence occurred between ages 40 and 50?years and maximum prevalence between ages 55 and 60?years. Women accounted for 72% of prevalent and 71% of incident cases. Scotland had the highest incidence and prevalence rates in the UK. Conclusions We estimate that 126?669 people were living with MS in the UK in 2010 (203.4 per 100?000 population) and that 6003 new cases were diagnosed that year (9.64 per 100?000/year). There is an increasing population living longer with MS, which has important implications for resource allocation for MS in the UK.

Mackenzie, I S; Morant, S V; Bloomfield, G A; MacDonald, T M; O'Riordan, J

2014-01-01

415

Nuclear legacy of Soviet Union poses concerns  

SciTech Connect

The Russian Federation possesses all nuclear weapons design and production facilities of the former Soviet Union, reports William Potter, director of the Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies at the Monterey Institute of International Studies. However, other former Soviet states, including Ukraine, boast other nuclear assets, including uranium mining and milling centers; training facilities; and research and commercial-power reactors, some of which are capable of producing weapons-grade plutonium. Potter insists that there is no assurance than these newly independent republics will not attempt to export their respective nuclear assets. {open_quotes}This export danger is heightened by the primitive state of export controls and compelling economic incentives to sell anything to anyone for the right price,{close_quotes} he says. Equally alarming as the absence of export control is the legacy of environmental degradation left by the Soviet nuclear program. {open_quotes}The magnitude of environmental damage caused by nuclear weapons production and testing only recently is coming to light,{close_quotes} Potter insists. Furthermore, writes Potter, {open_quotes}there is real danger that unemployed nuclear scientists in the former Soviet Union will accept offers from well-heeled renegade nations seeking to build nuclear weapons.{close_quotes}

Potter, W. [Monterey Institute of International Studies, CA (United States)

1995-07-01

416

Using the Reactome Database  

PubMed Central

There is considerable interest in the bioinformatics community in creating pathway databases. The Reactome project (a collaboration between the Ontario Institute for Cancer Research, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, New York University Medical Center and the European Bioinformatics Institute) is one such pathway database and collects structured information on all the biological pathways and processes in the human. It is an expert-authored and peer-reviewed, curated collection of well-documented molecular reactions that span the gamut from simple intermediate metabolism to signaling pathways and complex cellular events. This information is supplemented with likely orthologous molecular reactions in mouse, rat, zebrafish, worm and other model organisms. This unit describes how to use the Reactome database to learn the steps of a biological pathway; navigate and browse through the Reactome database; identify the pathways in which a molecule of interest is involved; use the Pathway and Expression analysis tools to search the database for and visualize possible connections within user-supplied experimental data set and Reactome pathways; and the Species Comparison tool to compare human and model organism pathways.

Haw, Robin

2012-01-01

417

Shuttle Hypervelocity Impact Database  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

With three flights remaining on the manifest, the shuttle impact hypervelocity database has over 2800 entries. The data is currently divided into tables for crew module windows, payload bay door radiators and thermal protection system regions, with window impacts compromising just over half the records. In general, the database provides dimensions of hypervelocity impact damage, a component level location (i.e., window number or radiator panel number) and the orbiter mission when the impact occurred. Additional detail on the type of particle that produced the damage site is provided when sampling data and definitive analysis results are available. The paper will provide details and insights on the contents of the database including examples of descriptive statistics using the impact data. A discussion of post flight impact damage inspection and sampling techniques that were employed during the different observation campaigns will be presented. Future work to be discussed will be possible enhancements to the database structure and availability of the data for other researchers. A related database of ISS returned surfaces that are under development will also be introduced.

Hyde, James I.; Christiansen, Eric I.; Lear, Dana M.

2011-01-01

418

Defensive strategies in rugby union.  

PubMed

Success in rugby union competition is dependent partly on the defensive strategies of a team. Despite this, little empirical evidence exists about effective defensive strategies used during play. This study attempted to identify defensive characteristics associated with increased likelihood of a successful outcome in rugby union, while considering the game situation. Twenty-one matches of the 2010 Super 14 competition were analysed, amounting to 2,394 coded tackle contacts. The likelihood of the defending team winning the breakdown (the post-tackle contact situation where opposing teams compete for possession of the ball) increased as the match progressed. Defensive speed, measured as the speed of the defence in response to the attacking line, was a statistically significant predictor of breakdown wins and preventing the attacking team from advancing towards the gain line. Identifying the relative effectiveness of such strategies allows understanding of rugby match behaviour and may be applied to improve organisation, design, training, teaching and learning the game. PMID:24422340

Hendricks, Sharief; Roode, Brad; Matthews, Bevan; Lambert, Michael

2013-08-01

419

Union formation in fragile families  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we use data from a new longitudinal survey—the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study—to examine union\\u000a formation among unmarried parents who have just had a child together. We used multinomial logistic regression to estimate\\u000a the effects of economic, cultural\\/interpersonal, and other factors on whether (relative to having no romantic relationship)\\u000a parents are romantically involved and living apart,

Marcia Carlson; Sara Mclanahan; Paula England

2004-01-01

420

The European Union Solidarity Fund  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the legitimacy, viability and efficiency of the European Union Solidarity Fund by asking whether the Fund\\u000a meets its stated purpose of providing solidarity within the EU, whether it is sufficiently capitalized and if it promotes\\u000a disaster risk reduction in Europe. In examining these questions, we make use of ADAM models of disaster risks throughout Europe.\\u000a We conclude

Stefan Hochrainer; Joanne Linnerooth-Bayer; Reinhard Mechler

2010-01-01

421

Optimal Design of Distributed Databases.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The distributed information systems area has seen a rapid growth in terms of research interest as well as in terms of practical applications in the past three years. Distributed systems are becoming a reality, however truly distributed databases are still...

G. Wiederhold S. Ceri S. Navathe

1981-01-01

422

Regional Multimodal Freight Database Webinar.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The relational Multimodal Freight Database (MFD) was developed as part of Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) Research Project 0-6297 entitled Freight Planning Factors Impacting Texas Commodity Flows, conducted by the Center for Transportation Rese...

2012-01-01

423

Methodological challenges in union commitment studies.  

PubMed

Methodological problems in studies of union commitment were identified and illustrated with data from 4,641 members and 479 stewards in 297 local teachers' unions. Using a 20-item union commitment scale, results confirmed the existence of 3 substantive factors and 1 method factor at the individual level of analysis: loyalty to the union, responsibility to the union, willingness to work for the union, and a factor of negatively worded items. Tests of measurement invariance showed that the scale captured commitment for rank-and-file members but not for union stewards. The authors also found partial measurement invariance between long-time and newer members and full measurement invariance between men and women. Finally, the authors found that violation of the statistical assumption of independence reduced model fit when individual commitment scores were analyzed without attention to the hierarchical nature of the data. PMID:15327359

Bayazit, Mahmut; Hammer, Tove Helland; Wazeter, David L

2004-08-01

424

Modeling of Database Constraints in Active Databases.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report deals with the problems of specification, modeling, and enforcement of constraints in databases. The active database area is emerging as a viable alternative for implementation of large scale database applications particularly those involving ...

S. B. Navathe A. K. Tanaka

1993-01-01

425

MetaBase--the wiki-database of biological databases.  

PubMed

Biology is generating more data than ever. As a result, there is an ever increasing number of publicly available databases that analyse, integrate and summarize the available data, providing an invaluable resource for the biological community. As this trend continues, there is a pressing need to organize, catalogue and rate these resources, so that the information they contain can be most effectively exploited. MetaBase (MB) (http://MetaDatabase.Org) is a community-curated database containing more than 2000 commonly used biological databases. Each entry is structured using templates and can carry various user comments and annotations. Entries can be searched, listed, browsed or queried. The database was created using the same MediaWiki technology that powers Wikipedia, allowing users to contribute on many different levels. The initial release of MB was derived from the content of the 2007 Nucleic Acids Research (NAR) Database Issue. Since then, approximately 100 databases have been manually collected from the literature, and users have added information for over 240 databases. MB is synchronized annually with the static Molecular Biology Database Collection provided by NAR. To date, there have been 19 significant contributors to the project; each one is listed as an author here to highlight the community aspect of the project. PMID:22139927

Bolser, Dan M; Chibon, Pierre-Yves; Palopoli, Nicolas; Gong, Sungsam; Jacob, Daniel; Del Angel, Victoria Dominguez; Swan, Dan; Bassi, Sebastian; González, Virginia; Suravajhala, Prashanth; Hwang, Seungwoo; Romano, Paolo; Edwards, Rob; Bishop, Bryan; Eargle, John; Shtatland, Timur; Provart, Nicholas J; Clements, Dave; Renfro, Daniel P; Bhak, Daeui; Bhak, Jong

2012-01-01

426

PS1-28: The Grid-Enabled Measures (GEM) Database: A Research Tool to Facilitate the Use of Standardized Measures and Data Sharing  

PubMed Central

Background We are in an era of unprecedented access to data and the potential to move areas of science forward rapidly but currently there is a lack of coordination of research efforts in regards to: Using standardized measures; and sharing harmonized data. The Grid-Enabled Measures (GEM) database has been conceptualized by the National Cancer Institute (NCI) to help accomplish these goals. Methods GEM encourages and enables standardization of measures and data harmonization by supporting a virtual community of researchers who interact with each other using Web 2.0 technologies. Through GEM, researchers are able to upload health-related measures and associated meta-data for use by others and provide comments and ratings about these measures and their associated theoretical constructs. Input from users—including ratings, usage statistics and psychometric properties of the measures—established criteria to prioritize measures to be curated for use on the Cancer Biomedical Informatics Grid (caBIG®). Curation starts with models that are used to represent the measure and its items in a form understandable to both researchers and informaticians. The outcome of the curation process is registration of a measure as a caBIG® common data element so that the variable representing the measure’s score can be shared via the grid. Results Models for measure curation have now been developed for five measures in GEM (e.g., Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CESD)). GEM currently has 216 registered users and 110 measures based on 73 constructs and these numbers will change over time with user interaction. Next steps in developing GEM include making datasets—based on GEM-curated measures—available on the grid for use by other systems and users connected to caBIG®. Conclusions GEM represents a critical step in advancing the research enterprise and complements other NIH-funded systems being developed such as Phen-X (consensus measures for Phenotypes and eXposures) which seeks to build consensus measures used in genome-wide association studies. In addition to describing the rationale and development of GEM and how measures and data are curated into caBIG®, this presentation will include a live demonstration of the site and describe the results of dissemination efforts with professional organizations.

Moser, Richard; Hua, Min; Courtney, Paul; Reeves, Dianne; Ohira, Riki; Shaikh, Abdul; Hesse, Bradford

2011-01-01

427

Unions and hospitals: some unresolved issues.  

PubMed

This article investigates the impact of unions on the wages of hospital workers. Our OLS findings agree with previous OLS studies--unions increase registered nurses' (RNs) wages by five percent and by about eight to ten percent for other hospital workers. By contrast, we find (after correcting for selectivity bias in hospital unionization status) a direct union effect of about twenty percent on RN wages and in excess of thirty percent on wages of other hospital workers. While the results based on selectivity bias adjustments make us uneasy, we do not reject them out-of-hand. We also find indirect union effects (up to five percent) by other unionized occupations within a hospital and up to ten percent by other unionized hospitals in the local labor market. Prospective reimbursement programs have a negative impact on the wages of hospital workers but are only significant for non-unionized occupations. Our three empirical tests of monopsony all reject the view that monopsony is a factor in hospital wage-setting. Even considering the large union effects (based on selectivity bias adjustment), we conclude that unions have been a minor contributor to hospital cost inflation. PMID:10263950

Adamache, K W; Sloan, F A

1982-05-01

428

Treatment discontinuation and disease progression with injectable disease-modifying therapies: findings from the north american research committee on multiple sclerosis database.  

PubMed

Injectable first-line disease-modifying therapies (DMTs) for multiple sclerosis (MS) are generally prescribed for continuous use. Accordingly, the various factors that influence patient persistence with treatment and that can lead some patients to switch medications or discontinue treatment may affect clinical outcomes. Using data from the North American Research Committee on Multiple Sclerosis (NARCOMS) database, this study evaluated participants' reasons for discontinuation of injectable DMTs as well as the relationship between staying on therapy and sustained patient-reported disease progression and annualized relapse rates. Participants selected their reason(s) for discontinuation from among 16 possible options covering the categories of efficacy, safety, tolerability, and burden, with multiple responses permitted. Both unadjusted data and data adjusted for baseline age, disease duration, disability, and sex were evaluated. Discontinuation profiles varied among DMTs. Participants on intramuscular interferon beta-1a (IM IFN?-1a) and glatiramer acetate (GA) reported the fewest discontinuations based on safety concerns, although GA was associated with reports of higher burden and lower efficacy than other therapies. Difficulties with tolerability were more often reported as a reason for discontinuing subcutaneous (SC) IFN?-1a than as a reason for discontinuing IM IFN?-1a, GA, or SC IFN?-1b. In the persistent therapy cohort, less patient-reported disability progression was reported with IM IFN?-1a treatment than with SC IFN?-1a, IFN?-1b, or GA. These findings have relevance to clinical decision making and medication compliance in MS patient care. PMID:24453783

Fox, Robert J; Salter, Amber R; Tyry, Tuula; Sun, Jennifer; You, Xiaojun; Laforet, Genevieve; Campagnolo, Denise

2013-01-01

429

Information Literacy Skills: Comparing and Evaluating Databases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this database comparison is to express the importance of teaching information literacy skills and to apply those skills to commonly used Internet-based research tools. This paper includes a comparison and evaluation of three databases (ProQuest, ERIC, and Google Scholar). It includes strengths and weaknesses of each database based…

Grismore, Brian A.

2012-01-01

430

Database Management Systems Development in the USSR  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current developments m database management technology m the USSR are reviewed in the framework of the Soviet computing environment and the classes of information processing systems under development. The characteristms of operational and experimental Soviet database management systems are examined, and current research m the USSR on database management and related software topms is reviewed.

Alfred G. Dale

1979-01-01

431

BIND: A Biomedical INteroperable Database System  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a Biomedical INteroperable Database System (BIND), which is part of a larger research project, the Biomedical Equipment Assessment and Management (BEAM) system. BEAM is an AIM (Advanced Informatics in Medicine) awarded project and it is funded by the European Community. It integrates a number of heterogeneous database systems which store Biomedical information, over public communications networks. The databases

Catherine E. Houstis; Theodore S. Papatheodorou; Vassilios S. Verykios; Aris Floratos; Ahmed K. Elmagarmid

1994-01-01

432

PEER Strong Motion Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Processed by Dr. Walt Silva of Pacific Engineering and supported by the Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center (PEER) at the University of California Berkley, the PEER Strong Motion Database "contains 1557 records from 143 earthquakes from tectonically active regions." Searches can be done by earthquake, type of plate movement (e.g., strike slip), magnitude, and several other criteria. The correct browser and JAVA version even allows dynamic sorting and interactive plotting of data.

2000-01-01

433

National Tourism Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Developed by the Michigan State University Extension Tourism Area of Expertise and the National Tourism Education Design Team, this site contains information on numerous resources related to tourism education, including bulletins, research reports, videos, and training programs. Nearly 100 of the documents featured are full-text. Users can browse the database by topic or browse or search by keyword. A separate list of the full-text publications is also provided. A useful site for students and professionals in the tourism industry.

434

Stackfile Database  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This software provides storage retrieval and analysis functionality for managing satellite altimetry data. It improves the efficiency and analysis capabilities of existing database software with improved flexibility and documentation. It offers flexibility in the type of data that can be stored. There is efficient retrieval either across the spatial domain or the time domain. Built-in analysis tools are provided for frequently performed altimetry tasks. This software package is used for storing and manipulating satellite measurement data. It was developed with a focus on handling the requirements of repeat-track altimetry missions such as Topex and Jason. It was, however, designed to work with a wide variety of satellite measurement data [e.g., Gravity Recovery And Climate Experiment -- GRACE). The software consists of several command-line tools for importing, retrieving, and analyzing satellite measurement data.

deVarvalho, Robert; Desai, Shailen D.; Haines, Bruce J.; Kruizinga, Gerhard L.; Gilmer, Christopher

2013-01-01

435

Internet Based Open Access Crystallographic Databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two freely accessible crystallographic databases are discussed: the Crystallographic Open Database (COD, http:\\/\\/crystallography.net) which contains over 37,000 crystal structures, and the Nano-Crystallography Database (NCD, http:\\/\\/nanocrystallography.research.pdx.edu) which we recently started to support image-based nanocrystallography and (nano) materials science education. Both databases collect crystallographic relevant information in a standardized format; the Crystallographic Information File (CIF). CIF is the standard file format adopted

Girish Upreti; Bjoern Seipel; Morgan Harvey; Will Garrick; Peter Moeck

2006-01-01

436

CIRRIE DATABASE  

EPA Science Inventory

International rehabilitation research published between 1990 and the present. Over 18,000 citations. In addition to indexing from mainstream journals and Internet sites, CIRRIE also includes citations to resources not readily available to U.S. researchers. There are over 18,000 c...

437

The Soviet Union in transition  

SciTech Connect

Because of the recent transition in the Soviet Union's leadership, scholars worldwide have found it necessary to reevaluate Soviet domestic and foreign policy. In this book, prominent Japanese, U.S., and European experts examine changes within the USSR as well as Soviet reactions to changes in the rest of the world. They assess the immediate implications of change for such areas as technology, energy policy, and economic reform and deliver commentaries on current policy directions and historical backgrounds of Soviet policies. The Japan Institute of International Affairs held the symposium on which this volume is based to commemorate its silver jubilee and to add the valuable perspective of Japanese Soviet studies scholars to Western analyses. Contents: Introduction; The Soviet Union in a Changing World; East-West Relations: A European Perspective; ''Gorbachevism''-Simply Old Wine in a New Bottle. Implications of Leadership and Social Change for Soviet Policies; Soviet Economic Trends, with Special Emphasis on Investment and Energy Policies; Economic Reforms in China in Light of Soviet and Eastern European Experiences.

Niiseki, K.

1987-01-01

438

Will physician unions improve health system performance?  

PubMed

In the public debate over the extension of collective bargaining rights to independent physicians, union proponents' primary argument has been that patients would benefit from allowing physicians to bargain collectively with health plans. This article examines the likely effects of physician unions on the U.S. health care system. Specifically considered are likely effects on economic efficiency, quality, access, and cost. Under none of these criteria are physician unions likely to improve health system performance, particularly when compared with available alternative strategies for dealing with problems identified by union proponents. PMID:12374290

Brewbaker, William S

2002-08-01

439

78 FR 33445 - Office of Small Credit Unions (OSCUI) Grant Program Access For Credit Unions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of a Qualifying State- chartered Credit Union, in order to participate in...including new or expanded share draft or credit card programs; (ii) Partnership arrangements...iii) Enhancement and support credit union internal capacity to...

2013-06-04

440

78 FR 2449 - Office of Small Credit Unions (OSCUI) Grant Program Access for Credit Unions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of a Qualifying State-chartered Credit Union, in order to participate in...including new or expanded share draft or credit card programs; (ii) Partnership arrangements...iii) Enhancement and support credit union internal capacity to...

2013-01-11

441

78 FR 77721 - Office of Small Credit Unions (OSCUI) Grant Program Access for Credit Unions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of a Qualifying State-Chartered Credit Union, in order to participate in...including new or expanded share draft or credit card programs; (ii) Partnership arrangements...iii) Enhancement and support credit union internal capacity to...

2013-12-24

442

Recruitment of patients into an Internet-based clinical trials database: the experience of OncoLink and the National Colorectal Cancer Research Alliance. | accrualnet.cancer.gov  

Cancer.gov

A national database for individuals interested in enrolling onto clinical trials that address the prevention and treatment of colorectal cancer allowed registration through the Internet or via phone. The vast majority of those who enrolled utilized the Internet-based option (88% vs 12%). Internet-based enrollees were younger on average than those who registered by phone. This paper may be useful for investigators considering use of the Internet for registration to a clinical trials database or other trial-related uses.

443

The Nucleic Acid Database (NDB)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Designed by John Westbrook, and housed at Rutgers University, the goal of the NDB is to assemble and distribute structural information about nucleic acids. The database contains the coordinates of nucleic acid-containing crystal structures, including a searchable atlas of structures, Protein Finder, a search-engine for locating protein structures in the PDB database, a macromolecular crystallographic information file, and archived reports about the structures contained in the database. This site provides information of general interest to researchers in the field, and develops and distributes standard geometry information for use in refinement and molecular modeling programs. Users can also subscribe to the NDB electronic newsletter.

1998-01-01

444

ARTI refrigerant database  

SciTech Connect

The Refrigerant Database is an information system on alternative refrigerants, associated lubricants, and their use in air conditioning and refrigeration. It consolidates and facilitates access to property, compatibility, environmental, safety, application and other information. It provides corresponding information on older refrigerants, to assist manufacturers and those using alternative refrigerants, to make comparisons and determine differences. The underlying purpose is to accelerate phase out of chemical compounds of environmental concern. The database provides bibliographic citations and abstracts for publications that may be useful in research and design of air-conditioning and refrigeration equipment. The complete documents are not included, though some may be added at a later date. The database identifies sources of specific information on refrigerants. It addresses lubricants including alkylbenzene, polyalkylene glycol, polyolester, and other synthetics as well as mineral oils. It also references documents addressing compatibility of refrigerants and lubricants with metals, plastics, elastomers, motor insulation, and other materials used in refrigerant circuits. Incomplete citations or abstracts are provided for some documents. They are included to accelerate availability of the information and will be completed or replaced in future updates. Citations in this report are divided into the following topics: thermophysical properties; materials compatibility; lubricants and tribology; application data; safety; test and analysis methods; impacts; regulatory actions; substitute refrigerants; identification; absorption and adsorption; research programs; and miscellaneous documents. Information is also presented on ordering instructions for the computerized version.

Calm, J.M. [Calm (James M.), Great Falls, VA (United States)] [Calm (James M.), Great Falls, VA (United States)

1996-04-15

445

UK stroke incidence, mortality and cardiovascular risk management 1999-2008: time-trend analysis from the General Practice Research Database  

PubMed Central

Objectives Stroke is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to investigate secular trends in stroke across the UK. Design This study aimed to investigate recent trends in the epidemiology of stroke in the UK. The study was a time-trend analysis from 1999 to 2008 within the UK General Practice Research Database. Outcome measures were incidence and prevalence of stroke, stroke mortality, rate of secondary cardiovascular events, and prescribing of pharmacological therapy for primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Results The study cohort included 32?151 patients with a first stroke. Stroke incidence fell by 30%, from 1.48/1000 person-years in 1999 to 1.04/1000 person-years in 2008 (p<0.001). Stroke prevalence increased by 12.5%, from 6.40/1000 in 1999 to 7.20/1000 in 2008 (p<0.001). 56-day mortality after first stroke reduced from 21% in 1999 to 12% in 2008 (p<0.0001). Prescribing of drugs to control cardiovascular risk factors increased consistently over the study period, particularly for lipid lowering agents and antihypertensive agents. In patients with atrial fibrillation, use of anticoagulants prior to first stroke did not increase with increasing stroke risk. Conclusion Stroke incidence in the UK has decreased and survival after stroke has improved in the past 10?years. Improved drug treatment in primary care is likely to be a major contributor to this, with better control of risk factors both before and after incident stroke. There is, however, scope for further improvement in risk factor reduction in high-risk patients with atrial fibrillation.

Lee, Sally; Cowie, Martin R

2011-01-01

446

Risk of venous thromboembolism in users of oral contraceptives containing drospirenone or levonorgestrel: nested case-control study based on UK General Practice Research Database  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine the risk of non-fatal idiopathic venous thromboembolism in current users of a combined oral contraceptive containing drospirenone, relative to current users of preparations containing levonorgestrel. Design Nested case-control study. Setting UK General Practice Research Database. Participants Women aged 15-44 years without major risk factors for venous thromboembolism who started a new episode of use of an oral contraceptive containing 30 µg oestrogen in combination with either drospirenone or levonorgestrel between May 2002 and September 2009. Cases were women with a first diagnosis of venous thromboembolism; up to four controls, matched by age, duration of recorded information, and general practice, were randomly selected for each case. Main outcome measures Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals estimated with conditional logistic regression; age adjusted incidence rate ratio estimated with Poisson regression. Results 61 cases of idiopathic venous thromboembolism and 215 matched controls were identified. In the case-control analysis, current use of the drospirenone contraceptive was associated with a threefold higher risk of non-fatal idiopathic venous thromboembolism compared with levonorgestrel use; the odds ratio adjusted for body mass index was 3.3 (95% confidence interval 1.4 to 7.6). Subanalyses suggested that referral, diagnostic, first time user, duration of use, and switching biases were unlikely explanations for this finding. The crude incidence rate was 23.0 (95% confidence interval 13.4 to 36.9) per 100?000 woman years in current users of drospirenone and 9.1 (6.6 to 12.2) per 100?000 woman years in current users of levonorgestrel oral contraceptives. The age adjusted incidence rate ratio was 2.7 (1.5 to 4.7). Conclusions These findings contribute to emerging evidence that the combined oral contraceptive containing drospirenone carries a higher risk of venous thromboembolism than do formulations containing levonorgestrel.

2011-01-01

447

The Internet Broadway Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by the League of American Theatres and Producers' Research Department, The Internet Broadway Database provides an array of information about past and current Broadway shows. The database is a result of ongoing collection development by the League, based primarily on theatre programs (generally from a show's opening night). Other information is harvested from media reports, interviews, and the League's archives. The goal of the site is to "serve as a comprehensive history of Broadway for the benefit of League members, press, theatre professionals and enthusiasts." The site features a list of shows currently on Broadway, as well as a comprehensive advanced search page that allows users to dig up information on past productions.

2001-01-01

448

ARS Water Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the Hydrology and Remote Sensing Laboratory of the USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) comes the ARS Water Database Web site. The database is a collection of precipitation and streamflow data from small agricultural watersheds in the United States, including variable time-series readings sufficient in detail to reconstruct storm hydrographs and hyetographs. Users can choose from any US state to view available data. Each station is listed along with its location, coverage area in acres, dates of operation, latitude and longitude, and links to its related data. Although data is not available for every station listed, the site can still be a valuable resource for those looking for quick access to hydrological data from around the country.

1969-12-31

449

The epidemiology of injuries in English youth community rugby union  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionRecent studies report the incidence and epidemiology of injury in professional rugby union; however, there is limited research in amateur and youth rugby. Injuries in youth rugby may have consequences for sports participation and physical development. The authors performed a prospective cohort study of injuries during youth community rugby.MethodsAn injury surveillance programme was established for the 2008–2009 season (9 months,

Christine M Haseler; Michael R Carmont; Michael England

2010-01-01

450

NEW AQUIRE DATABASE WEB VERSION  

EPA Science Inventory

The U.S. EPA, Office of Research and Development, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, Mid-Continent Ecology Division in Duluth, MN (MED-Duluth) is pleased to announce the release of the AQUIRE database on the Web....

451

Union Pacific: History and Photos  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created in 1862 to construct half of the first transcontinental railroad, Union Pacific (UP) became one of America's leading railroads, hauling passengers and freight through some of the most rugged and scenic regions of America. Anyone with an interest in American railroads, from hardcore trainspotters to the mildly curious will enjoy this site, which celebrates UP's long history with short texts and a plethora of photos and images. Users can read about the caboose and passenger trains, learn about historic UP yards and shops, and review several chronologies. The heart of the site, however, is the photo gallery, which features images of historic advertisements, structures and yards, nineteenth-century stereo views, scenic locations, and a large number of trains (steam and diesel) in action. Take a ride on the rails.

452

Internet banking services and credit union performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Existing empirical evidence indicates internet banks worldwide have underperformed newly chartered traditional banks mainly because of their higher overhead costs. The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of internet banking services on credit union activity. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The impact of internet banking services on credit union over the period 1999-2006 was studied and regression equations

Krishnan Dandapani; Gordon V. Karels; E