These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

Database of small research watersheds for the territory of former Soviet Union as a source of data for improving hydrological models and their parameterizations in different geographical conditions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One of widely claimed problems in modern modelling hydrology is lack of available information to investigate hydrological processes and improve their representation in the models. In spite of this, one hardly might confidently say that existing "traditional" data sources have been already fully analyzed and made use of. There existed the network of research watersheds in USSR called water-balance stations where comprehensive and extensive hydrometeorological measurements were conducted according to more or less single program during the last 40-60 years. The program (where not ceased) includes observations of discharges in several, often nested and homogeneous, small watersheds, meteorological elements, evaporation, soil temperature and moisture, snow depths, etc. The network covered different climatic and landscape zones and was established in the middle of the last century with the aim of investigation of the runoff formation in different conditions. Until recently the long-term observational data accompanied by descriptions and maps had existed only in hard copies. It partly explains why these datasets are not enough exploited yet and very rarely or even never were used for the purposes of hydrological modelling although they seem to be much more promising than implementation of the completely new measuring techniques not detracting from its importance. The goal of the presented work is development of a database of observational data and supportive materials from small research watersheds across the territory of the former Soviet Union. The first version of the database will include the following information for 12 water-balance stations across Russia, Ukraine, Kazahstan and Turkmenistan: daily values of discharges (one or several watersheds), air temperature, humidity, precipitation (one or several gauges), soil and snow state variables, soil and snow evaporation. The stations will cover desert and semi desert, steppe and forest steppe, forest, permafrost and mountainous zones. Supportive material will include maps of watershed boundaries and location of observational sites. Text descriptions of the data, measuring techniques and hydrometeorological conditions related to each of the water-balance station will accompany the datasets. The database is supposed to be expanded with time in number of the stations (by 20) and available data series for each of them. It will be uploaded to the internet with open access to everyone interested in. Such a database allows one to test hydrological models and separate modules for their adequacy and workability in different conditions and can serve as a base for models comparison and evaluation. Special profit of the database will gain models that don't rely on calibration but on the adequate process representation and use of the observable parameters. One of such models, process-based Hydrograph model, will be tested against the data from every watershed from the developed database. The aim of the Hydrograph model application to the as many as possible number of research data-rich watersheds in different climatic zones is both amending the algorithms and creation and adjustment of the model parameters that allow using the model across the geographic spectrum.

Lebedeva, Liudmila; Semenova, Olga

2013-04-01

2

Trends in Database Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research in databases has played a vital role in developing information system technology and also the outcome of this research\\u000a has been very successful resulting in great potential for industry. The database industry is generating billions of dollars\\u000a of business annually. It has estimated that the database industry itself has generated $42 billion revenue in 2000 and this\\u000a market is

Mukesh K. Mohania; Yahiko Kambayashi; A. Min Tjoa; Roland Wagner; Ladjel Bellatreche

2001-01-01

3

DATARIs: Database on Research Institutes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR), in cooperation with the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), maintain DATARIs, a collection of databases providing information from and about research institutes specializing in international relations and security. DATARIs includes directory databases on research institutes and documentation centers, bibliographic databases on research institute projects and publications, and a database providing information about databases maintained by associated research institutes. Each searchable database offers an easy-to-use search form interface, facilitating queries for users.

1998-01-01

4

Trade Unions and Social Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These 15 papers originate from a conference that brought together researchers and trade unionists from a number of countries to examine the potential for a more democratic, active, and participative form of collaboration or "research as engagement." The first half contains chapters that explore, theoretically, the nature of research within a…

Forrester, Keith, Ed.; Thorne, Colin, Ed.

5

Native Health Research Database  

MedlinePLUS

... THIS APP WITH JAVASCRIPT TURNED OFF. THE NATIVE HEALTH DATABASE REQUIRES JAVASCRIPT IN ORDER TO FUNCTION. PLEASE ... Data and Links, U.S. Census Bureau American Indian Health from the National Library of Medicine Arctic Health ...

6

Scientific research in the Soviet Union  

SciTech Connect

I report on the scientific aspects of my US/USSR Interacademy Exchange Visit to the Soviet Union. My research was conducted at three different institutes: the Lebedev Physical Institute in Moscow, the Leningrad Nuclear Physics Institute in Gatchina, and the Yerevan Physics Institute in Soviet Armenia. I included relevant information about the Soviet educational system, salaries of Soviet physicists, work habits and research activities at the three institutes, and the relevance of that research to work going on in the United States. 18 refs.

Mtingwa, S.K.

1990-03-19

7

Research Topics in Statistical Database Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report identifies research topics in statistical database management. These topics are grouped into four major areas: characteristics of statistical databases, functionality\\/usage, metadata, and logical models.

Dorothy E. Denning; Wesley Nicholson; Gordon Sande; Arie Shoshani

1983-01-01

8

Database Support for Research in Public Administration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the extent to which databases support student and faculty research in the area of public administration. A list of journals in public administration, public policy, political science, public budgeting and finance, and other related areas was compared to the journal content list of six business databases. These databases

Tucker, James Cory

2005-01-01

9

American Geophysical Union, National Academy of SciencesNational Research Council Statutes and Bylaws  

Microsoft Academic Search

The American Geophysical Union is hereby established by the National Research Council. The Council of the American Geophysical Union is the United States National Committee of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics.

Anonymous

1970-01-01

10

OVERVIEW OF CURRENT PARAPSYCHOLOGY RESEARCH IN THE FORMER SOVIET UNION  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an in-depth discussion of research of anomalous mental phenomena (AMP) in the former Soviet Union. The authors spent approximately two months in Russia during 1992 and 1993, interacting with researchers in Moscow and Novosibirsk. The authors primarily discuss experiments in anomalous perturbation (often referred to as psychokinesis-PK and bio- which have been the main focus of AMP

Edwin C. May; Larissa Vilenskaya

11

Correlates of Access to Business Research Databases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines potential correlates of business research database access through academic libraries serving top business programs in the United States. Results indicate that greater access to research databases is related to enrollment in graduate business programs, but not to overall enrollment or status as a public or private institution.…

Gottfried, John C.

2010-01-01

12

Linguistic Analysis of Grant Proposals: European Union Research Grants.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of 34 European-Union research-grant proposals written mainly by Finnish-led teams used genre analysis and a social constructionist theory of genre to investigate characteristic features of grant proposals, especially those not covered in academic writing courses. Ten recurrent moves were identified, reflecting the generic affinity of…

Connor, Ulla; Mauranen, Anna

1999-01-01

13

Electronic Databases for Linguistic and Language Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews electronic language data oriented specifically toward linguistic and language research, including machine-readable versions of established dictionaries; text databases, including newspapers and books; speech databases with phonetic/orthographic transcriptions; and bulletin boards and news groups available over computer networks. (17…

Oshika, Beatrice T.; Krausse, Sylvia C.

1992-01-01

14

Scientists Report New Online Cancer Research Databases  

Cancer.gov

Like the old saying "art for art's sake," most medical researchers once believed that creating large computer databases of known genes or DNA sequences was a case of gathering information for the sake of gathering information.

15

University of Washington: Database Research Group  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Washington's Database Research Group âÂÂis focused on broadening the scope of database and data management techniques beyond their traditional scope.â Its work focuses on databases and the Web, XML, data management for ubiquitous computing, data integration, and data mining. For example, the Mangrove project seeks to facilitate the move to the semantic Web by creating âÂÂan environment in which users are motivated to create semantic content because of the existence of useful semantic services.â The various projects are described on this website along with related publications, which are available to download.

16

Public health research systems in the European union  

PubMed Central

Background Strengthening health research is an important objective for international health organisations, but there has been less attention to support for health research in Europe. We describe the public-health (population and organisational level) research systems in the 27 European Union countries. Methods We developed a typology for describing health research structures based on funding streams and strategies. We drew data from internet sources and asked country informants to review these for consistency and completeness. The structures were described as organograms and narratives in country profiles for each of the 27 EU member states. National public-health research structures included public and independent funding organisations, 'mixed' institutions (which receive funds, and both use and allocate them) and provider institutions. Results Most health research is funded through ministries of science or science councils (and sometimes foundations), while parliaments and regions may also contribute. National institutes of public health are usually funded by ministries of health. Many national research organisations both determine research programmes and undertake health research, but there is a move towards public-health sciences within the universities, and a transition from internal grants to competitive funding. Of 27 national research strategies, 17 referred to health and 11 to public health themes. Although all countries had strategies for public health itself, we found little coherence in public-health research programmes. The European Commission has country contact points for both EU research and health programmes, but they do not coordinate with national health-research programmes. Conclusions Public-health research is broadly distributed across programmes in EU countries. Better understanding of research structures, programmes and results would improve recognition for public health in Europe, and contribute to practice. EU ministries of health should give greater attention to national public-health research strategies and programmes, and the European Union and the World Health Organisation can provide coordination and support. PMID:21970897

2011-01-01

17

Spatial Databases - Accomplishments and Research Needs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spatial databases, addressing the growing data management and analysis needs of spatial applications such as geographic information systems, have been an active area of research for more than two decades. This research has produced a taxonomy of models for space, spatial data types and operators, spatial query languages and processing strategies, as well as spatial indexes and clustering techniques. However,

Shashi Shekhar; Sanjay Chawla; Sivakumar Ravada; Andrew Fetterer; Xuan Liu; Chang-tien Lu

1999-01-01

18

Maintaining Research Documents with Database Management Software.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses taking notes for research projects and organizing them into card files; reviews the literature on personal filing systems; introduces the basic process of database management; and offers a plan for managing research notes. Describes field groups and field definitions, data entry, and creating reports. (LRW)

Harrington, Stuart A.

1999-01-01

19

Attitudes towards union issues in Saskatchewan: A research brief  

E-print Network

differences are also found between men and women, between age cohorts and between educational cohorts. Men (63, sex and union membership status.2 Union members, women, youth, and more highly educated residents were-union members have differing views, with 40.7% of union members agreeing with the statement and 53

Saskatchewan, University of

20

An online database for brain disease research  

PubMed Central

Background The Stanley Medical Research Institute online genomics database (SMRIDB) is a comprehensive web-based system for understanding the genetic effects of human brain disease (i.e. bipolar, schizophrenia, and depression). This database contains fully annotated clinical metadata and gene expression patterns generated within 12 controlled studies across 6 different microarray platforms. Description A thorough collection of gene expression summaries are provided, inclusive of patient demographics, disease subclasses, regulated biological pathways, and functional classifications. Conclusion The combination of database content, structure, and query speed offers researchers an efficient tool for data mining of brain disease complete with information such as: cross-platform comparisons, biomarkers elucidation for target discovery, and lifestyle/demographic associations to brain diseases. PMID:16594998

Higgs, Brandon W; Elashoff, Michael; Richman, Sam; Barci, Beata

2006-01-01

21

Complex Carbohydrate Research Center Spectral Databases  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Dr. William York of the Complex Carbohydrate Research Center has created these two databases with scientific input from others at the University of Georgia. The Xyloglucan NMR Database consists of a searchable table of the ?H-NMR chemical shifts of xyloglucan oligoglycosyl alditols. Xyloglucans are highly branched polymers with a cellulosic backbone (i.e., consisting of b-(1,4)-linked D-glucosyl residues). The basis for the most commonly used nomenclature for xyloglucan structures comes from the linear array of glycosyl side chains that many of the backbone residues bear. The Partially Methylated Alditol Acetate (PMAA) Database shows the molecular structures of PMAAs derived from Hexopyranosyl, Pentopyranosyl, and Pentofuranosyl Residues. Users view the structures by gliding the mouse over a table. The PMAA Database also says that electron-impact mass spectra are available, but at the time of publication, these links weren't working. The Xyloglucan database comes with overviews, search guides, and nomenclature information. The PMAA database has a help page. Both require a free login.

York, William ..

2001-01-01

22

Biomedical journals and databases in Russia and Russian language in the former Soviet Union and beyond  

PubMed Central

In the 20th century, Russian biomedical science experienced a decline from the blossom of the early years to a drastic state. Through the first decades of the USSR, it was transformed to suit the ideological requirements of a totalitarian state and biased directives of communist leaders. Later, depressing economic conditions and isolation from the international research community further impeded its development. Contemporary Russia has inherited a system of medical education quite different from the west as well as counterproductive regulations for the allocation of research funding. The methodology of medical and epidemiological research in Russia is largely outdated. Epidemiology continues to focus on infectious disease and results of the best studies tend to be published in international periodicals. MEDLINE continues to be the best database to search for Russian biomedical publications, despite only a small proportion being indexed. The database of the Moscow Central Medical Library is the largest national database of medical periodicals, but does not provide abstracts and full subject heading codes, and it does not cover even the entire collection of the Library. New databases and catalogs (e.g. Panteleimon) that have appeared recently are incomplete and do not enable effective searching. PMID:18826569

Vlassov, Vasiliy V; Danishevskiy, Kirill D

2008-01-01

23

NATIVE HEALTH DATABASES: NATIVE HEALTH RESEARCH DATABASE (NHRD)  

EPA Science Inventory

The Native Health Databases contain bibliographic information and abstracts of health-related articles, reports, surveys, and other resource documents pertaining to the health and health care of American Indians, Alaska Natives, and Canadian First Nations. The databases provide i...

24

National Research Council of Canada's Expertise Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Canada's National Research Council (NRC) offers this database for locating over 1,000 experts in a variety of fields. Users input keywords such as "genetic engineering" to receive back a list of names of experts, the group with whom they are affiliated, and a link to the NRC department where they work. By clicking on the researcher's name, users can find more specific contact information and areas of specialization.

25

Dysarthric Speech Database for Universal Access Research  

E-print Network

This paper describes a database of dysarthric speech produced by 19 speakers with cerebral palsy. Speech materials consist of 765 isolated words per speaker: 300 distinct uncommon words and 3 repetitions of digits, computer commands, radio alphabet and common words. Data is recorded through an 8-microphone array and one digital video camera. Our database provides a fundamental resource for automatic speech recognition development for people with neuromotor disability. Research on articulation errors in dysarthria will benefit clinical treatments and contribute to our knowledge of neuromotor mechanisms in speech production. Data files are available via secure ftp upon request. Index Terms: speech recognition, dysarthria, cerebral palsy 1.

Heejin Kim; Mark Hasegawa-johnson; Adrienne Perlman; Jon Gunderson; Thomas Huang; Kenneth Watkin; Simone Frame

26

Database Research: Achievements and Opportunities Into the 21st Century  

E-print Network

Database Research: Achievements and Opportunities Into the 21st Century Avi Silberschatz, Mike Stonebraker, Jeff Ullman, editors Report of an NSF Workshop on the Future of Database Systems Research, May 26--27, 1995 1 1 Introduction In February of 1990, a group of database researchers met to examine the prospects

Ullman, Jeffrey D.

27

The 2013 Nucleic Acids Research Database Issue and the online Molecular Biology Database Collection  

PubMed Central

The 20th annual Database Issue of Nucleic Acids Research includes 176 articles, half of which describe new online molecular biology databases and the other half provide updates on the databases previously featured in NAR and other journals. This year’s highlights include two databases of DNA repeat elements; several databases of transcriptional factors and transcriptional factor-binding sites; databases on various aspects of protein structure and protein–protein interactions; databases for metagenomic and rRNA sequence analysis; and four databases specifically dedicated to Escherichia coli. The increased emphasis on using the genome data to improve human health is reflected in the development of the databases of genomic structural variation (NCBI’s dbVar and EBI’s DGVa), the NIH Genetic Testing Registry and several other databases centered on the genetic basis of human disease, potential drugs, their targets and the mechanisms of protein–ligand binding. Two new databases present genomic and RNAseq data for monkeys, providing wealth of data on our closest relatives for comparative genomics purposes. The NAR online Molecular Biology Database Collection, available at http://www.oxfordjournals.org/nar/database/a/, has been updated and currently lists 1512 online databases. The full content of the Database Issue is freely available online on the Nucleic Acids Research website (http://nar.oxfordjournals.org/). PMID:23203983

Fernandez-Suarez, Xose M.; Galperin, Michael Y.

2013-01-01

28

Czech multicenter research database of severe COPD  

PubMed Central

Purpose Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has been recognized as a heterogeneous, multiple organ system-affecting disorder. The Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) places emphasis on symptom and exacerbation management. The aim of this study is examine the course of COPD and its impact on morbidity and all-cause mortality of patients, with respect to individual phenotypes and GOLD categories. This study will also evaluate COPD real-life patient care in the Czech Republic. Patients and methods The Czech Multicentre Research Database of COPD is projected to last for 5 years, with the aim of enrolling 1,000 patients. This is a multicenter, observational, and prospective study of patients with severe COPD (post-bronchodilator forced expiratory volume in 1 second ?60%). Every consecutive patient, who fulfils the inclusion criteria, is asked to participate in the study. Patient recruitment is done on the basis of signed informed consent. The study was approved by the Multicentre Ethical Committee in Brno, Czech Republic. Results The objective of this paper was to outline the methodology of this study. Conclusion The establishment of the database is a useful step in improving care for COPD subjects. Additionally, it will serve as a source of data elucidating the natural course of COPD, comorbidities, and overall impact on the patients. Moreover, it will provide information on the diverse course of the COPD syndrome in the Czech Republic.

Novotna, Barbora; Koblizek, Vladimir; Zatloukal, Jaromir; Plutinsky, Marek; Hejduk, Karel; Zbozinkova, Zuzana; Jarkovsky, Jiri; Sobotik, Ondrej; Dvorak, Tomas; Safranek, Petr

2014-01-01

29

The 2012 Nucleic Acids Research Database Issue and the online Molecular Biology Database Collection  

PubMed Central

The 19th annual Database Issue of Nucleic Acids Research features descriptions of 92 new online databases covering various areas of molecular biology and 100 papers describing recent updates to the databases previously described in NAR and other journals. The highlights of this issue include, among others, a description of neXtProt, a knowledgebase on human proteins; a detailed explanation of the principles behind the NCBI Taxonomy Database; NCBI and EBI papers on the recently launched BioSample databases that store sample information for a variety of database resources; descriptions of the recent developments in the Gene Ontology and UniProt Gene Ontology Annotation projects; updates on Pfam, SMART and InterPro domain databases; update papers on KEGG and TAIR, two universally acclaimed databases that face an uncertain future; and a separate section with 10 wiki-based databases, introduced in an accompanying editorial. The NAR online Molecular Biology Database Collection, available at http://www.oxfordjournals.org/nar/database/a/, has been updated and now lists 1380 databases. Brief machine-readable descriptions of the databases featured in this issue, according to the BioDBcore standards, will be provided at the http://biosharing.org/biodbcore web site. The full content of the Database Issue is freely available online on the Nucleic Acids Research web site (http://nar.oxfordjournals.org/). PMID:22144685

Galperin, Michael Y.; Fernandez-Suarez, Xose M.

2012-01-01

30

Aggregated Interdisciplinary Databases and the Needs of Undergraduate Researchers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After seeing growing frustration among inexperienced undergraduate researchers searching a popular aggregated interdisciplinary database, the authors questioned whether the leading interdisciplinary databases are serving undergraduates' needs. As a preliminary exploration of this question, the authors queried vendors, analyzed their marketing…

Fister, Barbara; Gilbert, Julie; Fry, Amy Ray

2008-01-01

31

Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the objective and methodology chosen for the construction of a global emissions source database called EDGAR and the structural design of the database system. The database estimates on a regional and grid basis, 1990 annual emissions of greenhouse gases, and of ozone depleting compounds from all known sources. (LZ)

Olivier, J. G. J.; And Others

1994-01-01

32

THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA NON-UNION TECHNICIANS & RESEARCH ASSISTANTS  

E-print Network

THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA NON-UNION TECHNICIANS & RESEARCH ASSISTANTS SALARY SCALE Assistant/Tech 5 Research Assistant/Tech 6 Lab Asst Research Assistant/Tech 1 Research Assistant/Tech 2 Research Assistant/Tech 3 Eng Technician/ Research Asst 5 Eng Technician/ Research Asst 1 Eng Technician

Aamodt, Tor

33

ASSESSMENT RESEARCH OF A TRADE UNION TRAINING PROGRAM IN HEALTH AND SAFETY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this assessment research was to analyze the relationship that might exist between a basic health and safety training program process and the effects it is hoped it will produce. The principal objective of this program, offered by a Quebec-based Trade Union Federation to its members, is to improve the trade union action of the workers in their

Diane Berthelette; Luc Desnoyers; Anne Bédard

34

Mobile databases: a selection of open issues and research directions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on the main results of a specific action on mobile databases conducted by CNRS in France from October 2001 to December 2002. The objective of this action was to review the state of progress in mobile databases and identify major research directions for the French database community. Rather than provide a survey of all important issues in

Guy Bernard; Jalel Ben-othman; Luc Bouganim; Gérôme Canals; Sophie Chabridon; Bruno Defude; Jean Ferrié; Stéphane Gançarski; Rachid Guerraoui; Pascal Molli; Philippe Pucheral; Claudia Roncancio; Patricia Serrano-Alvarado; Patrick Valduriez

2004-01-01

35

Database Advisor: A New Tool for K-12 Research Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Database Advisor (DBA) is a tool designed to guide users to the most appropriate World Wide Web-based databases for their research. Developed in 1997 by the Science Libraries at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD), DBA is a Web-based front-end to bibliographic and full-text databases to which UCSD has remote access. DBA allows the…

Berteaux, Susan S.; Strong, Sandra S.

36

The Cystic Fibrosis Database: Content and Research Opportunities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the files contained in the Cystic Fibrosis (CF) database and discusses educational and research opportunities using this database. Topics discussed include queries, evaluating the relevance of items retrieved, and use of the database in an online searching course in the School of Information and Library Science at the University of North…

Shaw, William M., Jr.; And Others

1991-01-01

37

Database Connects Public to University of Nebraska Research  

E-print Network

Database Connects Public to University of Nebraska Research By Steve Ress There's a wealth of water easier. An easily accessible and searchable database sponsored by the University of Nebraska Rachael Herpel, outreach and education specialist at the UNL Water Center. The database can be found

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

38

Research Reveals Scale of College Union E-Commerce.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports results of a survey of member schools of the Association of College Unions International concerning extent of e-commerce being conducted on the Web. College Web sites were also evaluated for information on e-commerce activities. A list of institutions currently conducting interactive business and the type of business being conducted is…

Conway, Guy Patrick; Henry, Wilma J.

2000-01-01

39

RIDE: the Research Infrastructure Database for EPOS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The European Plate Observing System (EPOS) is a European initiative which aims to promote and make possible innovative approaches for a better understanding of the physical processes laying behind natural events and geo-science phenomena (earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, unrest episodes and tsunamis etc.) by integrating existing national and trans-national Research Infrastructures (RIs). Such integration will increase access and use of the multidisciplinary data recorded by solid Earth monitoring networks, acquired in laboratory experiments and/or produced by computational simulations. Here we present the Research Infrastructures Database for EPOS (RIDE), a database containing technical information about the different RIs declared by EPOS partners and EPOS associate partners, which will eventually compose the EPOS distributed Research Infrastructure. The main goals of RIDE are (i) to allow the EPOS RI to be organized, with interactive access and information mining available to a broad community of users and stakeholders, (ii) to have a first set of information to be stored in the EPOS catalogue, which will be used as a basis for the development of EPOS Core Services, (iii) to enable EPOS partners to revise and update the current RI information, (iv) to show the contents of the EPOS integration plan to all stakeholders, (v) to facilitate the dissemination of existing data infrastructures to different communities and to promote a discussion within the community to implement the present data infrastructures. RIDE - whose driving technology is Apache CouchDB - contains at the current status detailed information on more than 200 Research Infrastructures. It enables any user to visualize RIs and sensors on a map, to carry out statistics on the stored data and to browse through the details of any RI. Based on the content of RIDE it is now possible to estimate the potential size of the new EPOS distributed RI: EPOS is going to integrate more than 7000 sensors (seismic stations, GPS stations and other kind of sensor stations), 66 seismic networks, 44 Laboratories, 31 GPS networks, 12 Volcano Observatories, 8 Geomagnetic Observatories, 5 Marine Research RIs and over 30 other kinds of RIs. The overall data volume to be handled will be more than 500 Terabytes, while the data storage capacity will exceed the limit of 1 Petabyte. More than 80 laboratories also included in EPOS RI, will be able to provide access to 622 instruments in order to carry out cutting edge science. With the help of RIDE it was also possible to carry out financial estimations about the national RIs involved in the EPOS integration plan, thus having a correlation between technical and economic details. Such a correlation enables us to have a clear picture of the economic value and operational cost of the facilities involved, including an in-depth estimation of instrument/sensor values, labour costs, installation costs and other parameters.

Bailo, Daniele; Bartoloni, Alessandro; Jeffery, Keith G.; Clemenceau, Alice; Hoffmann, Thomas L.

2013-04-01

40

Databases and registers: useful tools for research, no studies.  

PubMed

There are many misunderstandings about databases. Database is a commonly misused term in reference to any set of data entered into a computer. However, true databases serve a main purpose, organising data. They do so by establishing several layers of relationships; databases are hierarchical. Databases commonly organise data over different levels and over time, where time can be measured as the time between visits, or between treatments, or adverse events, etc. In this sense, medical databases are closely related to longitudinal observational studies, as databases allow the introduction of data on the same patient over time. Basically, we could establish four types of databases in medicine, depending on their purpose: (1) administrative databases, (2) clinical databases, (3) registers, and (4) study-oriented databases. But a database is a useful tool for a large variety of studies, not a type of study itself. Different types of databases serve very different purposes, and a clear understanding of the different research designs mentioned in this paper would prevent many of the databases we launch from being just a lot of work and very little science. PMID:24509895

Curbelo, Rafael J; Loza, Estíbaliz; de Yébenes, Maria Jesús García; Carmona, Loreto

2014-04-01

41

Using Databases and Web Resources for Glycomics Research  

PubMed Central

Many databases of carbohydrate structures and related information can be found on the World Wide Web. This review covers the major carbohydrate databases that have potential utility for glycoscientists and researchers entering the glycosciences. The first half provides a brief overview of carbohydrate databases and web resources (including a history of carbohydrate databases and carbohydrate notations used in these databases), and the second half provides a guide that can be used as an index to determine which resources provide the data of most interest to the user. PMID:23325765

Aoki-Kinoshita, Kiyoko F.

2013-01-01

42

Vocational Education & Training Research Database, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains four issues of a quarterly annotated bibliography of documents and projects in progress from Australia's VOCED database that are available through Australia's National Vocational Education and Training Clearinghouse Information Network. Introductory materials include the following: national, state, territory, and polytechnic…

Hayman, Sarah, Comp.; MacKenzie, Jeanne, Comp.; Adams, Heather, Comp.; Harris, Lee-ann, Comp.

1998-01-01

43

DATA QUALITY IN GENOME DATABASES (Research Paper)  

E-print Network

compare these error classes with ex- isting solutions for data cleansing and come to the conclusion that traditional and proven data cleansing techniques of other application domains do not suffice for the particular needs and problem types of genomic databases. Key Words: Data Cleansing, Molecular Biology, Data

Weske, Mathias

44

How Europe Shapes Academic Research: Insights from Participation in European Union Framework Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the effects of participating in European Union Framework Programmes (EUFPs) at the level of research units and researchers. We consider EUFPs as policy instruments that contribute to the Europeanisation of academic research and study the changes they produce with respect to: 1) the organisation and activities of Departments,…

Primeri, Emilia; Reale, Emanuela

2012-01-01

45

Using databases in medical education research: AMEE Guide No. 77.  

PubMed

This AMEE Guide offers an introduction to the use of databases in medical education research. It is intended for those who are contemplating conducting research in medical education but are new to the field. The Guide is structured around the process of planning your research so that data collection, management and analysis are appropriate for the research question. Throughout we consider contextual possibilities and constraints to educational research using databases, such as the resources available, and provide concrete examples of medical education research to illustrate many points. The first section of the Guide explains the difference between different types of data and classifying data, and addresses the rationale for research using databases in medical education. We explain the difference between qualitative research and qualitative data, the difference between categorical and quantitative data, and the difference types of data which fall into these categories. The Guide reviews the strengths and weaknesses of qualitative and quantitative research. The next section is structured around how to work with quantitative and qualitative databases and provides guidance on the many practicalities of setting up a database. This includes how to organise your database, including anonymising data and coding, as well as preparing and describing your data so it is ready for analysis. The critical matter of the ethics of using databases in medical educational research, including using routinely collected data versus data collected for research purposes, and issues of confidentiality, is discussed. Core to the Guide is drawing out the similarities and differences in working with different types of data and different types of databases. Future AMEE Guides in the research series will address statistical analysis of data in more detail. PMID:23621147

Cleland, Jennifer; Scott, Neil; Harrild, Kirsten; Moffat, Mandy

2013-05-01

46

The Vocational Guidance Research Database: A Scientometric Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The scientometric study of scientific output through publications in specialized journals cannot be undertaken exclusively with the databases available today. For this reason, the objective of this article is to introduce the "Base de Datos de Investigacion en Orientacion Vocacional" [Vocational Guidance Research Database], based on the use of…

Flores-Buils, Raquel; Gil-Beltran, Jose Manuel; Caballer-Miedes, Antonio; Martinez-Martinez, Miguel Angel

2012-01-01

47

An image database management system for conducting CAD research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of image databases for CAD research is not a trivial task. The collection and management of images and their related metadata from multiple sources is a time-consuming but necessary process. By standardizing and centralizing the methods in which these data are maintained, one can generate subsets of a larger database that match the specific criteria needed for a

Nicholas Gruszauskas; Karen Drukker; Maryellen L. Giger

2007-01-01

48

Business Faculty Research: Satisfaction with the Web versus Library Databases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Business faculty members teaching at undergraduate campuses of the Pennsylvania State University were surveyed in order to assess their satisfaction with free Web sources and with subscription databases for their professional research. Although satisfaction with the Web's ease of use was higher than that for databases, overall satisfaction for…

Dewald, Nancy H.; Silvius, Matthew A.

2005-01-01

49

First Results of GLIMS Database Population for Former Soviet Union Glacier Regions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Global Land Ice Measurements from Space (GLIMS) is an international project with the goal of surveying a majority of the world's estimated 160,000 glaciers. GLIMS uses data collected primarily by the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) instrument aboard the Terra satellite and the LandSat Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+). The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the United States Geological Survey (USGS) provide the satellite data and support the GLIMS coordination and data management effort. With NASA funding, the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) has developed the GLIMS Glacier Database. In the presentation we demonstrate first results of GLIMS glacier data base population for glacier regions of FSU. With support under a NASA REASoN CAN more than 2000 glacier outlines for Caucasus, Pamir and Tien-Shan have been derived from ASTER images and provided in a standard form for ingest into the GLIMS database. Statistical analysis has been done to estimate number of glaciers and their areas in comparison with data of World glacier inventory. The ability to view and download these data through an OGC-compliant web-based interface will be demonstrated. -

Khromova, T.; Nosenko, G.; Armstrong, R.; Raup, B.; Khalsa, S. S.; Barry, R.

2005-12-01

50

Drug delivery research in the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme for Research.  

PubMed

This paper presents an overview of drug delivery research activities funded by the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development (FP7). It gives a brief introduction of the main policies, structure and budget of FP7 with the four Specific Programmes 'Cooperation', 'People', 'Ideas' and 'Capacities' including the ten priority themes of the Specific Programme Cooperation. The priority themes HEALTH, 'Information and Communication Technologies' (ICT) and 'Nanosciences and nanotechnologies, multifunctional Materials and Production technologies' (NMP) and the 'Innovative Medicines Initiative' (IMI) are discussed since they are the main sources of funding for medical and pharmaceutical research. Further details are provided on drug delivery research, notably the funding for development of drug delivery technologies by the NMP priority theme in the context of its funding of nanomedicine research projects. The link is made to the rapidly developing field of biomaterials research for implants and regenerative medicine. The paper highlights the strategic importance of the Key Emerging Technologies (KETs) including nanotechnology for the competitiveness of the medical and pharmaceutical sectors. Finally, there is an outlook to the future Framework Programme for Research 'Horizon 2020'. PMID:22333557

Frima, Heico J; Gabellieri, Cristina; Nilsson, Maj-Inger

2012-07-20

51

Theoretical underpinnings and future directions of European Union research policy: a paradigm shift?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Emerging tendencies in research policy call forth the cohesion–competitiveness dichotomy and implicitly advocate the hollowing out of cohesion objectives from future European Union (EU) research policy design. We trace the origins of this debate to the incomplete paradigm shift from the ‘mechanistic’ to the ‘systemic’ construal of technological change in policy discourse, manifest in the decisive influence the former still

George Chorafakis; Dimitrios Pontikakis

2011-01-01

52

South Africa European Union Summit SIDE EVENT ON WATER RESEARCH FOR  

E-print Network

of NEPAD scientific policy about water resource in Africa Prof Aggrey AMBALI, Acting Director: NEPAD Office1 South Africa ­ European Union Summit SIDE EVENT ON WATER RESEARCH FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT and Technology 09.30 am THEMATIC WORKSHOP 1: WATER RESEARCH AND FOOD SECURITY Dr Andrew SANEWE, Head Water

53

INTERNATIONAL UNION OF FORESTRY RESEARCH ORGANISATIONS (IUFRO) MANAGEMENT MEETS IN SOUTH AFRICA  

E-print Network

INTERNATIONAL UNION OF FORESTRY RESEARCH ORGANISATIONS (IUFRO) MANAGEMENT MEETS IN SOUTH AFRICA of Forestry Research Organizations (IUFRO). IUFRO is one of the world's oldest scientific organizations, well forestry focus, FABI staff and students were delighted to be able to meet and entertain the leaders

54

Practitioner problems in need of database research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The bottlenecks between research and product development are well known. It typically takes a very long time for ideas coming out of research labs to make their way into products, and developers often face practical problems which do not seem to be addressed by currently available research results. The term “technology transfer” is often used to describe the process of

Gomer Thomas; K. Kawagoe; R. Krishnamurthy; T. Imielinski; D. Reiner; A. Wolski

1991-01-01

55

Educational Research Capacity Building in the European Union: A Critique of the Lived Experiences of Emerging Researchers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to explore the extent to which European Union (EU) policies impact upon the activities of associations such as the European Educational Research Association (EERA) and the experiences of emerging researchers aligned to such associations. In essence, the authors explore potential tensions between policy and the lived…

Hallet, Fiona; Fidalgo, Patricia

2014-01-01

56

European football and the European union: Governance, participation and social cohesion — towards a policy research agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article considers the changing relationship of European football to the European Union (EU). Given technological, commercial, financial and organizational changes in the political economy of elite European football, and given the application of European law to sports bodies epitomised by the Bosman ruling, this article begins to outline a policy research agenda. Debates within the European Commission have centred

Adam Brown

2000-01-01

57

Multi-Level Steering and Institution Building: The European Union's Approach to Research Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adopting the conception of the university as a primary driver of innovation and economic growth has brought increased pressure for the European Union (EU) to actively steer university-based research policy, despite its being outside of the EU's direct jurisdiction. While the open method of coordination (OMC) was developed for such situations, the…

Young, Mitchell

2012-01-01

58

Sustainable Transport in the European Union: A Review of the Past Research and Future Ideas  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a review of the research on the sustainability of transport systems carried out over the last 15 years for the European Union (EU), identifies some missing gaps and elaborates on the prospective future ideas. The general concept of sustainable development and definitions of sustainability of transport systems and their operationalization are discussed. These are followed by the

Milan Janic

2006-01-01

59

Recent advances in nano precious metal catalyst research at Union Chemical Laboratories, ITRI  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study illustrates some recent progress of nano precious metal catalyst research at Union Chemical Laboratories (UCL). Nano gold catalyst was prepared by a precipitation method, in which, HAuCl4 was precipitated onto a suspension of the iron hydroxide support, with a low calcination temperature at 453K. The catalysts were highly active with 100% conversion achieved for the oxidation of carbon

Wu-Hsun Cheng; Kao-Ching Wu; Man-Yin Lo; Chiou-Hwang Lee

2004-01-01

60

Climate research in the former Soviet Union. FASAC: Foreign Applied Sciences Assessment Center technical assessment report  

SciTech Connect

This report assesses the state of the art in several areas of climate research in the former Soviet Union. This assessment was performed by a group of six internationally recognized US experts in related fields. The areas chosen for review are: large-scale circulation processes in the atmosphere and oceans; atmospheric radiative processes; cloud formation processes; climate effects of natural atmospheric disturbances; and the carbon cycle, paleoclimates, and general circulation model validation. The study found an active research community in each of the above areas. Overall, the quality of climate research in the former Soviet Union is mixed, although the best Soviet work is as good as the best corresponding work in the West. The best Soviet efforts have principally been in theoretical studies or data analysis. However, an apparent lack of access to modern computing facilities has severely hampered the Soviet research. Most of the issues considered in the Soviet literature are known, and have been discussed in the Western literature, although some extraordinary research in paleoclimatology was noted. Little unusual and exceptionally creative material was found in the other areas during the study period (1985 through 1992). Scientists in the former Soviet Union have closely followed the Western literature and technology. Given their strengths in theoretical and analytical methods, as well as their possession of simplified versions of detailed computer models being used in the West, researchers in the former Soviet Union have the potential to make significant contributions if supercomputers, workstations, and software become available. However, given the current state of the economy in the former Soviet Union, it is not clear that the computer gap will be bridged in the foreseeable future.

Ellingson, R.G.; Baer, F.; Ellsaesser, H.W.; Harshvardhan; Hoffert, M.I.; Randall, D.A.

1993-09-01

61

An image database management system for conducting CAD research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The development of image databases for CAD research is not a trivial task. The collection and management of images and their related metadata from multiple sources is a time-consuming but necessary process. By standardizing and centralizing the methods in which these data are maintained, one can generate subsets of a larger database that match the specific criteria needed for a particular research project in a quick and efficient manner. A research-oriented management system of this type is highly desirable in a multi-modality CAD research environment. An online, webbased database system for the storage and management of research-specific medical image metadata was designed for use with four modalities of breast imaging: screen-film mammography, full-field digital mammography, breast ultrasound and breast MRI. The system was designed to consolidate data from multiple clinical sources and provide the user with the ability to anonymize the data. Input concerning the type of data to be stored as well as desired searchable parameters was solicited from researchers in each modality. The backbone of the database was created using MySQL. A robust and easy-to-use interface for entering, removing, modifying and searching information in the database was created using HTML and PHP. This standardized system can be accessed using any modern web-browsing software and is fundamental for our various research projects on computer-aided detection, diagnosis, cancer risk assessment, multimodality lesion assessment, and prognosis. Our CAD database system stores large amounts of research-related metadata and successfully generates subsets of cases that match the user's desired search criteria.

Gruszauskas, Nicholas; Drukker, Karen; Giger, Maryellen L.

2007-03-01

62

Linguistic Analysis of Grant Proposals: European Union Research Grants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Grant proposals are a genre that all academics will have to come to terms with at some point of their career, usually the sooner the better. Yet, there has been very little research on their characteristic features and they are not included in most courses of academic writing. We seek to remedy some of this problem in this paper, which

Ulla Connor; Anna Mauranen

1999-01-01

63

Improving the U.S. EPA Toxic Release Inventory database for environmental health research.  

PubMed

In 1986, Congress passed the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA) in response to the tragic death of thousands of people in Bhopal, India, following the accidental release of the toxic gas methyl isocyanate (MIC) from a Union Carbide facility. As a component of EPCRA, certain manufacturers are required to report annually the total mass (pounds per year, lb/yr) of toxic chemicals released into the environment (air, water, land, or underground injection), treated on-site, or shipped off-site for further waste treatment. This information is compiled by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) into a publicly accessible database known as the Toxic Release Inventory (TRI). The TRI database is designed to encourage pollution prevention and waste reduction by increasing public access to and knowledge of environmental chemical releases. EPCRA has been generally considered by industry, government, and community representatives as one of the most successful environmental laws in U.S. history. Over the past few years, EPA has initiated a three-phased expansion to EPCRA reporting requirements that will enhance the overall usefulness of the TRI database. The focus of this article is to discuss these changes and highlight several current uses of the TRI database in environmental health research. PMID:9644330

Neumann, C M

1998-01-01

64

Heterogeneous Biomedical Database Integration Using a Hybrid Strategy: A p53 Cancer Research Database  

Microsoft Academic Search

Complex problems in life science research give rise to multidisciplinary collaboration, and hence, to the need for heterogeneous database integration. The tumor suppressor p53 is mutated in close to 50% of human cancers, and a small drug-like molecule with the ability to restore native function to cancerous p53 mutants is a long-held medical goal of cancer treatment. The Cancer Research

Vadim Y. Bichutskiy; Richard Colman; Rainer K. Brachmann; Richard H. Lathrop

65

Veterans’ attitudes regarding a database for genomic research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: Large cohort studies to investigate interactions between genes, environment, and lifestyle require large representative samples of the population. The Department of Veterans Affairs health care system is uniquely positioned to carry out such research, with a large patient population and a sophisticated system of electronic medical records. As the Veterans Affairs considers establishing a large database of genetic information

David Kaufman; Juli Murphy; Lori Erby; Kathy Hudson; Joan Scott

2009-01-01

66

EBSCOhost Research Databases Using Quotation Marks in EBSCOhost  

E-print Network

EBSCOhost Research Databases - 1 - Using Quotation Marks in EBSCOhost When a user types in search terms, EBSCOhost looks for those terms as they are entered. EBSCOhost will assume adjacency searching" and "Find any of my search terms" Search Modes function? EBSCOhost does not automatically add AND in between

Rose, Michael R.

67

THE NATIONAL EXPOSURE RESEARCH LABORATORY'S COMPREHENSIVE HUMAN ACTIVITY DATABASE  

EPA Science Inventory

EPA's National Exposure Research Laboratory (NERL) has combined data from nine U.S. studies related to human activities into one comprehensive data system that can be accessed via the world-wide web. The data system is called CHAD-Consolidated Human Activity Database-and it is ...

68

Systematically Retrieving Research: A Case Study Evaluating Seven Databases  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Developing the scientific underpinnings of social welfare requires effective and efficient methods of retrieving relevant items from the increasing volume of research. Method: We compared seven databases by running the nearest equivalent search on each. The search topic was chosen for relevance to social work practice with older people.…

Taylor, Brian; Wylie, Emma; Dempster, Martin; Donnelly, Michael

2007-01-01

69

Charitable Trusts and Human Research Genetic Databases: The Way Forward?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human genetic research databases cast a new light on the controversial issue of which uses of the human body are morally permissible. More specifically, banking human tissue raises issues relating to the ownership of the samples that the participants have donated, to the ownership of the data that are derived through processing the donated samples, and to the management arrangements

ANDREA BOGGIO

70

The Brain Database: A Multimedia Neuroscience Database for Research and Teaching  

PubMed Central

The Brain Database is an information tool designed to aid in the integration of clinical and research results in neuroanatomy and regional biochemistry. It can handle a wide range of data types including natural images, 2 and 3-dimensional graphics, video, numeric data and text. It is organized around three main entities: structures, substances and processes. The database will support a wide variety of graphical interfaces. Two sample interfaces have been made. This tool is intended to serve as one component of a system that would allow neuroscientists and clinicians 1) to represent clinical and experimental data within a common framework 2) to compare results precisely between experiments and among laboratories, 3) to use computing tools as an aid in collaborative work and 4) to contribute to a shared and accessible body of knowledge about the nervous system.

Wertheim, Steven L.

1989-01-01

71

The Union RAP: Industry-Wide Research-Action Projects to Win Health and Safety Improvements  

PubMed Central

Unions are ripe to engage in community-based participatory research (CBPR). We briefly profile 3 United Steelworker CBPR projects aimed at uncovering often-undocumented, industry-wide health and safety conditions in which US industrial workers toil. The results are to be used to advocate improvements at workplace, industry, and national policy levels. We offer details of our CBPR approach (Research-Action Project [RAP]) that engages workers and others in all research stages. Elements of RAPs include strategically constructed teams with knowledge of the industry and health and safety and with skills in research, participatory facilitation, and training; reciprocal training on these knowledge and skill areas; iterative processes of large and small group work; use of technology; and facilitator-developed tools and intermediate products. PMID:19890145

McQuiston, Thomas H.; Lippin, Tobi Mae; Anderson, Leeann G.; Beach, M. Josie; Frederick, James; Seymour, Thomas A.

2009-01-01

72

The Union RAP: industry-wide research-action projects to win health and safety improvements.  

PubMed

Unions are ripe to engage in community-based participatory research (CBPR). We briefly profile 3 United Steelworker CBPR projects aimed at uncovering often-undocumented, industry-wide health and safety conditions in which US industrial workers toil. The results are to be used to advocate improvements at workplace, industry, and national policy levels. We offer details of our CBPR approach (Research-Action Project [RAP]) that engages workers and others in all research stages. Elements of RAPs include strategically constructed teams with knowledge of the industry and health and safety and with skills in research, participatory facilitation, and training; reciprocal training on these knowledge and skill areas; iterative processes of large and small group work; use of technology; and facilitator-developed tools and intermediate products. PMID:19890145

Bradley-Bull, Kristin; McQuiston, Thomas H; Lippin, Tobi Mae; Anderson, Leeann G; Beach, M Josie; Frederick, James; Seymour, Thomas A

2009-11-01

73

Advanced Satellite Research Project: SCAR Research Database. Bibliographic analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The literature search was provided to locate and analyze the most recent literature that was relevant to the research. This was done by cross-relating books, articles, monographs, and journals that relate to the following topics: (1) Experimental Systems - Advanced Communications Technology Satellite (ACTS), and (2) Integrated System Digital Network (ISDN) and Advance Communication Techniques (ISDN and satellites, ISDN standards, broadband ISDN, flame relay and switching, computer networks and satellites, satellite orbits and technology, satellite transmission quality, and network configuration). Bibliographic essay on literature citations and articles reviewed during the literature search task is provided.

Pelton, Joseph N.

1991-01-01

74

77 FR 66622 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request: National Database for Autism Research (NDAR) Data...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request: National Database for Autism Research (NDAR) Data Access Request SUMMARY: Under the provisions...number. Proposed Collection: Title: National Database for Autism Research (NDAR) Data Access Request. Type of...

2012-11-06

75

Database design and implementation for quantitative image analysis research.  

PubMed

Quantitative image analysis (QIA) goes beyond subjective visual assessment to provide computer measurements of the image content, typically following image segmentation to identify anatomical regions of interest (ROIs). Commercially available picture archiving and communication systems focus on storage of image data. They are not well suited to efficient storage and mining of new types of quantitative data. In this paper, we present a system that integrates image segmentation, quantitation, and characterization with database and data mining facilities. The paper includes generic process and data models for QIA in medicine and describes their practical use. The data model is based upon the Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) data hierarchy, which is augmented with tables to store segmentation results (ROIs) and quantitative data from multiple experiments. Data mining for statistical analysis of the quantitative data is described along with example queries. The database is implemented in PostgreSQL on a UNIX server. Database requirements and capabilities are illustrated through two quantitative imaging experiments related to lung cancer screening and assessment of emphysema lung disease. The system can manage the large amounts of quantitative data necessary for research, development, and deployment of computer-aided diagnosis tools. PMID:15787012

Brown, Matthew S; Shah, Sumit K; Pais, Richard C; Lee, Yeng-Zhong; McNitt-Gray, Michael F; Goldin, Jonathan G; Cardenas, Alfonso F; Aberle, Denise R

2005-03-01

76

Development of a database for translational spinal cord injury research.  

PubMed

Abstract Efforts to understand spinal cord injury (SCI) and other complex neurotrauma disorders at the pre-clinical level have shown progress in recent years. However, successful translation of basic research into clinical practice has been slow, partly because of the large, heterogeneous data sets involved. In this sense, translational neurological research represents a "big data" problem. In an effort to expedite translation of pre-clinical knowledge into standards of patient care for SCI, we describe the development of a novel database for translational neurotrauma research known as Visualized Syndromic Information and Outcomes for Neurotrauma-SCI (VISION-SCI). We present demographics, descriptive statistics, and translational syndromic outcomes derived from our ongoing efforts to build a multi-center, multi-species pre-clinical database for SCI models. We leveraged archived surgical records, postoperative care logs, behavioral outcome measures, and histopathology from approximately 3000 mice, rats, and monkeys from pre-clinical SCI studies published between 1993 and 2013. The majority of animals in the database have measures collected for health monitoring, such as weight loss/gain, heart rate, blood pressure, postoperative monitoring of bladder function and drug/fluid administration, behavioral outcome measures of locomotion, and tissue sparing postmortem. Attempts to align these variables with currently accepted common data elements highlighted the need for more translational outcomes to be identified as clinical endpoints for therapeutic testing. Last, we use syndromic analysis to identify conserved biological mechanisms of recovery after cervical SCI between rats and monkeys that will allow for more-efficient testing of therapeutics that will need to be translated toward future clinical trials. PMID:25077610

Nielson, Jessica L; Guandique, Cristian F; Liu, Aiwen W; Burke, Darlene A; Lash, A Todd; Moseanko, Rod; Hawbecker, Stephanie; Strand, Sarah C; Zdunowski, Sharon; Irvine, Karen-Amanda; Brock, John H; Nout-Lomas, Yvette S; Gensel, John C; Anderson, Kim D; Segal, Mark R; Rosenzweig, Ephron S; Magnuson, David S K; Whittemore, Scott R; McTigue, Dana M; Popovich, Phillip G; Rabchevsky, Alexander G; Scheff, Stephen W; Steward, Oswald; Courtine, Grégoire; Edgerton, V Reggie; Tuszynski, Mark H; Beattie, Michael S; Bresnahan, Jacqueline C; Ferguson, Adam R

2014-11-01

77

Toward an ontology-based framework for clinical research databases.  

PubMed

Clinical research includes a wide range of study designs from focused observational studies to complex interventional studies with multiple study arms, treatment and assessment events, and specimen procurement procedures. Participant characteristics from case report forms need to be integrated with molecular characteristics from mechanistic experiments on procured specimens. In order to capture and manage this diverse array of data, we have developed the Ontology-Based eXtensible data model (OBX) to serve as a framework for clinical research data in the Immunology Database and Analysis Portal (ImmPort). By designing OBX around the logical structure of the Basic Formal Ontology (BFO) and the Ontology for Biomedical Investigations (OBI), we have found that a relatively simple conceptual model can represent the relatively complex domain of clinical research. In addition, the common framework provided by BFO makes it straightforward to develop data dictionaries based on reference and application ontologies from the OBO Foundry. PMID:20460173

Kong, Y Megan; Dahlke, Carl; Xiang, Qun; Qian, Yu; Karp, David; Scheuermann, Richard H

2011-02-01

78

STEMdex: A Searchable Database of Education Research for Our Community  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

STEMdex is a new resource for the astronomy Education and Outreach community, designed to improve our community’s knowledge of the published literature pertinent to our work. While we all understand that it is important to base our practice on sound research, there are currently 801 peer-reviewed education journals in existence, and members of our community are hard pressed to cover all the published literature. STEMdex consolidates the research relevant to EPO work into a single searchable database, with summaries written by astronomy educators and posted for the entire community to use. The database will ultimately include research across the spectrum of astronomy education, including formal and informal education, outreach, grades K-16, pedagogy, evaluation and many other topics. The site is currently under development, but we have had significant interest from the community, and have a team of 19 EPO professionals and community volunteers from 14 different institutions signed up to contribute to the project. The STEMdex site can be found at stemdex.ipac.caltech.edu.

Brinkworth, Carolyn; Nichols-Yehling, M.; Bartolone, L.; Llamas, J.; Crane, M.; Martin, A.; Wenger, M.; Squires, G. K.; Hurt, R. L.

2014-01-01

79

Production of Scientific and Technical Research Databases in France.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This description of the characteristics of scientific and technical information databases in France highlights database production and distribution across scientific fields regional distribution of producers, types of data included, recency of creation of databases, and users of databases. (4 references) (CLB)

Marx, Bernard

1987-01-01

80

Navajo Participation in Labor Unions. Lake Powell Research Project Bulletin Number 15, December 1975.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Navajo participation in labor unions and Navajo labor relations have undergone rapid and fundamental changes since the development of industry around Lake Powell and on Black Mesa. Early attempts to unionize Navajo workers met with stiff resistance from employees and the Navajo Tribal Council. Union entry into the Navajo Reservation was viewed as…

Robbins, Lynn A.

81

European Union and Greek Lifelong Learning Policy within an Intercultural Context: Preliminary Insights from Research in the Sociology of Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents preliminary findings of an extensive socio-legal research project, currently in progress, concerning the implementation of the European Union and the Greek institutional framework on lifelong learning (LLL) and exploring the social effectiveness of LLL policy. The main outcomes, based on testing two research hypotheses through…

Koutidou, Evangelia

2014-01-01

82

A lexical database tool for quantitative phonological research  

Microsoft Academic Search

A lexical database tool tailored for phonological res- earch is described. Database fields include transcrip- tions, glosses and hyperlinks to speech files. Database queries are expressed using HTML forms, and these permit regular expression search on any combination of fields. Regular expressions are passed directly to a Perl CGI program, enabling the full flexibility of Perl extended regular expressions. The

Steven Bird

1997-01-01

83

University Real Estate Development Database: A Database-Driven Internet Research Tool  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University Real Estate Development Database is an Internet resource developed by the University of Baltimore for the Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, containing over six hundred cases of university expansion outside of traditional campus boundaries. The University Real Estate Development database is a searchable collection of real estate…

Wiewel, Wim; Kunst, Kara

2008-01-01

84

Do the research goal and databases match? A checklist for a systematic approach.  

PubMed

To test the appropriateness of a given database for specific research questions, we designed a checklist starting with the definition of an ideal database. This ideal database contains all relevant data on patients, providers and services. It is safe and accessible, input is always accurate, continuity is guaranteed and linkage with other information is easy. Of course no such database exists. Still these features are often taken for granted, but highly influenced by organizational processes in healthcare and prioritization. Starting with the characteristics of an ideal database, one can systematically list the required aspects for research goals and compare these with the available systems. This checklist is used to address important aspects of administrative database research and ethical issues. The increasing possibility to misuse sensitive data needs to be discussed by researchers, administrators, individuals and society. This checklist can also be valuable to others to design or interpret studies based on claims databases. PMID:11641003

van Eijk, M E; Krist, L F; Avorn, J; Porsius, A; de Boer, A

2001-12-01

85

Learning and Adapting for Organisational Change: Researching Union Education in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The last quarter century saw a restructuring of employment, production and trade and a dramatic decline in union membership and density levels. There are many explanations for this, including the hostile industrial relations framework imposed by many governments, but there have been other factors such as the growth of new non-unionized industries…

Brown, Tony; Yasukawa, Keiko

2010-01-01

86

Clinical information for research; the use of general practice databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary General practice computers have been widely used in the United Kingdom for the last 10 years and there are over 30 different systems currently available. The commercially available databases are based on two of the most widely used systems - VAMP Medical and Meditel. These databases provide both longitudinal and cross-sectional data on between 1.8 and 4 million patients.

Ross Lawrenson; Tim Williams; Richard Farmer

1999-01-01

87

THE PALPARES RELATIONAL DATABASE: AN INTEGRATED MODEL FOR LACEWING RESEARCH  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Palpares Relational Database has been designed for the Southern African Lacewing Mon- itoring Programme, to address the limitations of conventional databases and filing systems. The model has also been expanded to other collections and taxa. The application was devel- oped in Microsoft Access®, and comprises Tables, Forms, Queries and Reports that accumu- late and integrate data on Specimens, Taxonomy,

M. W. MANSELL; B. KENYON

2002-01-01

88

Pew Research Center Global Attitudes Project Question Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Pew Global Attitudes Project Question Database includes survey questions from all Pew Global Attitudes polls since 2001. To search for a question, enter any keyword or combination of words and/or select a topic area of interest.

Center, Pew R.

89

Rap System of Stress Stimulation Can Promote Bone Union after Lower Tibial Bone Fracture: A Clinical Research  

PubMed Central

Background Lower tibial bone fracture may easily cause bone delayed union or nonunion because of lacking of dynamic mechanical load. Objective Research Group would design a new instrument as Rap System of Stress Stimulation (RSSS) to provide dynamic mechanical load which would promote lower tibial bone union postoperatively. Methods This clinical research was conducted from January 2008 to December 2010, 92 patients(male 61/female 31, age 16-70years, mean 36.3years) who suffered lower tibial bone closed fracture were given intramedullary nail fixation and randomly averagely separated into experimental group and control group(according to the successively order when patients went for the admission procedure). Then researchers analysed the clinical healing time, full weight bearing time, VAS (Visual Analogue Scales) score and callus growth score of Lane-Sandhu in 3,6,12 months postoperatively. The delayed union and nonunion rates were compared at 6 and 12 months separately. Results All the 92 patients had been followed up (mean 14 months). Clinical bone healing time in experimental group was 88.78±8.80 days but control group was 107.91±9.03days. Full weight bearing time in experimental group was 94.07±9.81 days but control group was 113.24±13.37 days respectively (P<0.05). The delayed union rate in 6 months was 4.3% in experimental group but 10.9% in control group(P<0.05). The nonunion rate in 12 months was 6.5% in experimental group but 19.6% in control group(P<0.05). In 3, 6, 12 months postoperatively, VAS score and Lane-Sandhu score in experimental group had more significantly difference than them in control group. Conclusions RSSS can intermittently provide dynamic mechanical load and stimulate callus formation, promote lower tibial bone union, reduce bone delayed union or nonunion rate. It is an adjuvant therapy for promoting bone union after lower tibial bone fracture. PMID:22859907

YAO, Jian-fei; SHEN, Jia-zuo; LI, Da-kun; LIN, Da-sheng; Li, Lin; LI, Qiang; Qi, Peng; LIAN, Ke-jian; DING, Zhen-qi

2012-01-01

90

Fiscal Unions  

E-print Network

We study cross-country insurance in a currency union with nominal price and wage rigidities. We provide two results that build the case for the creation of a fiscal union within a currency union. First, we show that, if ...

Farhi, Emmanuel

2012-07-31

91

USDA food and nutrient databases provide the infrastructure for food and nutrition research, policy, and practice.  

PubMed

The USDA food and nutrient databases provide the basic infrastructure for food and nutrition research, nutrition monitoring, policy, and dietary practice. They have had a long history that goes back to 1892 and are unique, as they are the only databases available in the public domain that perform these functions. There are 4 major food and nutrient databases released by the Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center (BHNRC), part of the USDA's Agricultural Research Service. These include the USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, the Dietary Supplement Ingredient Database, the Food and Nutrient Database for Dietary Studies, and the USDA Food Patterns Equivalents Database. The users of the databases are diverse and include federal agencies, the food industry, health professionals, restaurants, software application developers, academia and research organizations, international organizations, and foreign governments, among others. Many of these users have partnered with BHNRC to leverage funds and/or scientific expertise to work toward common goals. The use of the databases has increased tremendously in the past few years, especially the breadth of uses. These new uses of the data are bound to increase with the increased availability of technology and public health emphasis on diet-related measures such as sodium and energy reduction. Hence, continued improvement of the databases is important, so that they can better address these challenges and provide reliable and accurate data. PMID:23269654

Ahuja, Jaspreet K C; Moshfegh, Alanna J; Holden, Joanne M; Harris, Ellen

2013-02-01

92

A clinical omics database integrating epidemiology, clinical, and omics data for colorectal cancer translational research  

Microsoft Academic Search

To provide an open translational research platform to narrow the gap between clinical practice and laboratory research of colorectal cancer, we construct a more comprehensive clinical omics database integrating not only clinical and omics data, but also epidemiology data from more than 150 patients. Based on this integrated database, we provide query, integrated view, and data analysis for clinical physicians,

Ling Zheng; Li Wang; Da Wang; Ning Deng; Xudong Lu; Huilong Duan

2011-01-01

93

The National Research Council (NRC) recently released its report "A Data-Based Assessment of Research-Doctorate Programs in the United States". The Data-Based  

E-print Network

in communication, teaching and teamwork, and state of the art instrumentations to facilitate cutting-edge research of Research-Doctorate Programs in the United States". The Data-Based approach by NRC is in contrast.D. program at Brandeis as high as 13th among the more than 150 similar programs in US. The Brandeis chemistry

Fraden, Seth

94

A Multilateral Use and Processing of A Large Bibliographic Database for Research Information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to explain the multilateral use of bibliographic database in research activities, nuclear fusion research field as the comprehensive science was selected. The processing method of the above mentioned database is mainly described. Considering advantages of the bibliographic and indexed information of such database, its use is classified into three types: 1. To use for reference information, 2. To obtain facts and knowledge from information, and 3. To process and analyse information. Each sample corresponding to the above is introduced as follows, and the usefulness of a large scale database is made clear. 1) Use of online search in research activities, 2) Construction of scientific terms list utilizing keywords and their frequency in the database, and 3) To analyse bibliographic information metrically and evaluate research. This is an application of scientometrics.

Konishi, Osamu; Obayashi, Haruo

95

Wheeled Mobility Device Database for Transportation Safety Research and Standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

To address the issue of safely accessing and securing wheeled mobility devices in motor vehicles, more information characterizing current-production devices was needed. In a recent effort, frame characteristics of wheeled mobility devices were defined and a database developed for recording characteristics relevant to access and securement. A representative number of devices have been surveyed to measure key characteristics, and these

Gina Bertocci; Patricia Karg; Douglas Hobson

1997-01-01

96

Dysarthric Speech Database for Universal Access Research Heejin Kim1  

E-print Network

of dysarthric speech produced by 19 speakers with cerebral palsy. Speech materials consist of 765 isolated words secure ftp upon request. Index Terms: speech recognition, dysarthria, cerebral palsy 1. Introduction passage produced by each of six individ- uals with cerebral palsy. This database includes one normal

Hasegawa-Johnson, Mark

97

Protocol for the collection of databases of recordings for forensic-voice-comparison research and practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

A protocol for the collection of databases of audio recordings for forensic-voice-comparison research and practice is described. The protocol fulfils the following requirements. (1) The database contains at least two non-contemporaneous recordings of each speaker. (2) The database contains recordings of each speaker using different speaking styles, which are typical of speaking styles found in casework, and which are elicited

Geoffrey Stewart Morrison; Philip Rose; Cuiling Zhang

2012-01-01

98

Learning and adapting for organisational change: researching union education in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The last quarter century saw a restructuring of employment, production and trade and a dramatic decline in union membership and density levels. There are many explanations for this, including the hostile industrial relations framework imposed by many governments, but there have been other factors such as the growth of new non-unionised industries that often rely on casualised labour; new attitudes

Tony Brown; Keiko Yasukawa

2010-01-01

99

European Union Students Studying in English Higher Education Institutions. DIUS Research Report 08-09  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to identify the pathways, intentions and relevant perceptions of (non-UK) European Union (EU) students entering English higher education. It sought to identify why students wished to obtain an English HE qualification, their attitudes towards the uptake and repayment of tuition fee loans and their future career plans. Drawing on…

Morris, Marian; Rutt, Simon

2008-01-01

100

A comprehensive clinical research database based on CDISC ODM and i2b2.  

PubMed

We present a working approach for a clinical research database as part of an archival information system. The CDISC ODM standard is target for clinical study and research relevant routine data, thus decoupling the data ingest process from the access layer. The presented research database is comprehensive as it covers annotating, mapping and curation of poorly annotated source data. Besides a conventional relational database the medical data warehouse i2b2 serves as main frontend for end-users. The system we developed is suitable to support patient recruitment, cohort identification and quality assurance in daily routine. PMID:25160362

Meineke, Frank A; Stäubert, Sebastian; Löbe, Matthias; Winter, Alfred

2014-01-01

101

Research of Knowledge Discovery in GeoSpatial Database for Digital Ocean  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spatial data mining and kdd is a highly demanding field in the research of Digital Earth. In Digital Ocean, it is very useful for marine, ocean resource exploiture, and ocean environment protection, etc. In this paper, methods for kdd in spatial database as well as the spatial database construction on the basis of ECDIS is discussed.

Lining Zhao; Depeng Zhao

102

The ECLS-K Study and Database: A Resource for School Social Work Practitioners and Researchers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to introduce the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten (ECLS-K) database to school social work practitioners and researchers. This database not only serves as a viable source for evidence-based practice pertaining to the influences of families and schools on the academic achievement of children beginning at…

Williams, Sheara A.

2008-01-01

103

Development and Validation of Army Selection and Classification Measures. Project A: Longitudinal Research Database Plan. Research Report 1356.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes plans for the development of a major longitudinal research database designed to support the development and validation of new predictors of Army performance, and also new measures of Army performance against which the new predictors can be validated. The following aspects of the database are addressed: (1) the anticipated…

Wise, Lauress L.; And Others

104

Design and deployment of a large brain-image database for clinical and nonclinical research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An efficient database is an essential component of organizing diverse information on image metadata and patient information for research in medical imaging. This paper describes the design, development and deployment of a large database system serving as a brain image repository that can be used across different platforms in various medical researches. It forms the infrastructure that links hospitals and institutions together and shares data among them. The database contains patient-, pathology-, image-, research- and management-specific data. The functionalities of the database system include image uploading, storage, indexing, downloading and sharing as well as database querying and management with security and data anonymization concerns well taken care of. The structure of database is multi-tier client-server architecture with Relational Database Management System, Security Layer, Application Layer and User Interface. Image source adapter has been developed to handle most of the popular image formats. The database has a user interface based on web browsers and is easy to handle. We have used Java programming language for its platform independency and vast function libraries. The brain image database can sort data according to clinically relevant information. This can be effectively used in research from the clinicians" points of view. The database is suitable for validation of algorithms on large population of cases. Medical images for processing could be identified and organized based on information in image metadata. Clinical research in various pathologies can thus be performed with greater efficiency and large image repositories can be managed more effectively. The prototype of the system has been installed in a few hospitals and is working to the satisfaction of the clinicians.

Yang, Guo Liang; Lim, Choie Cheio Tchoyoson; Banukumar, Narayanaswami; Aziz, Aamer; Hui, Francis; Nowinski, Wieslaw L.

2004-04-01

105

Research on Anti-Tax Evasion System based on Union-Bank Online Payment mode  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The popularity of the e-commerce facilitates the tax evasion a lot, and the anti-tax evasion work in the e-commerce area becomes\\u000a urgent. We introduced a union-bank online payment mode, which can solve many problems of existing mode such as main body status,\\u000a standardization and inter-bank payment. Besides, it provides a platform for some value added services such as anti-tax evasion,

Yang Qifeng; Feng Bin; Song Ping

2007-01-01

106

Regulation of Mine Waters in the European Union: The Contribution of Scientific Research to Policy Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   A review of existing legislation in the light of recent major dam failures (Aznalcóllar, Spain, 1998; Baia Mare, 2000, Romania)\\u000a highlights the need to develop appropriate regulations at the regional, national and European Union (EU) levels. Although\\u000a mining incidents as a result of dam failures are very conspicuous, chronic problems related to waters from mining voids and\\u000a tailings are

Adeline Kroll; Jaime M. Amézaga; Paul L. Younger; Christian Wolkersdorfer

2002-01-01

107

Landslide databases for applied landslide impact research: the example of the landslide database for the Federal Republic of Germany  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This contribution presents an initiative to develop a national landslide database for the Federal Republic of Germany. It highlights structure and contents of the landslide database and outlines its major data sources and the strategy of information retrieval. Furthermore, the contribution exemplifies the database potentials in applied landslide impact research, including statistics of landslide damage, repair, and mitigation. The landslide database offers due to systematic regional data compilation a differentiated data pool of more than 5,000 data sets and over 13,000 single data files. It dates back to 1137 AD and covers landslide sites throughout Germany. In seven main data blocks, the landslide database stores besides information on landslide types, dimensions, and processes, additional data on soil and bedrock properties, geomorphometry, and climatic or other major triggering events. A peculiarity of this landslide database is its storage of data sets on land use effects, damage impacts, hazard mitigation, and landslide costs. Compilation of landslide data is based on a two-tier strategy of data collection. The first step of information retrieval includes systematic web content mining and exploration of online archives of emergency agencies, fire and police departments, and news organizations. Using web and RSS feeds and soon also a focused web crawler, this enables effective nationwide data collection for recent landslides. On the basis of this information, in-depth data mining is performed to deepen and diversify the data pool in key landslide areas. This enables to gather detailed landslide information from, amongst others, agency records, geotechnical reports, climate statistics, maps, and satellite imagery. Landslide data is extracted from these information sources using a mix of methods, including statistical techniques, imagery analysis, and qualitative text interpretation. The landslide database is currently migrated to a spatial database system running on PostgreSQL/PostGIS. This provides advanced functionality for spatial data analysis and forms the basis for future data provision and visualization using a WebGIS application. Analysis of landslide database contents shows that in most parts of Germany landslides primarily affect transportation infrastructures. Although with distinct lower frequency, recent landslides are also recorded to cause serious damage to hydraulic facilities and waterways, supply and disposal infrastructures, sites of cultural heritage, as well as forest, agricultural, and mining areas. The main types of landslide damage are failure of cut and fill slopes, destruction of retaining walls, street lights, and forest stocks, burial of roads, backyards, and garden areas, as well as crack formation in foundations, sewer lines, and building walls. Landslide repair and mitigation at transportation infrastructures is dominated by simple solutions such as catch barriers or rock fall drapery. These solutions are often undersized and fail under stress. The use of costly slope stabilization or protection systems is proven to reduce these risks effectively over longer maintenance cycles. The right balancing of landslide mitigation is thus a crucial problem in managing landslide risks. Development and analysis of such landslide databases helps to support decision-makers in finding efficient solutions to minimize landslide risks for human beings, infrastructures, and financial assets.

Damm, Bodo; Klose, Martin

2014-05-01

108

Nigeria Anopheles Vector Database: An Overview of 100 Years' Research  

PubMed Central

Anopheles mosquitoes are important vectors of malaria and lymphatic filariasis (LF), which are major public health diseases in Nigeria. Malaria is caused by infection with a protozoan parasite of the genus Plasmodium and LF by the parasitic worm Wuchereria bancrofti. Updating our knowledge of the Anopheles species is vital in planning and implementing evidence based vector control programs. To present a comprehensive report on the spatial distribution and composition of these vectors, all published data available were collated into a database. Details recorded for each source were the locality, latitude/longitude, time/period of study, species, abundance, sampling/collection methods, morphological and molecular species identification methods, insecticide resistance status, including evidence of the kdr allele, and P. falciparum sporozoite rate and W. bancrofti microfilaria prevalence. This collation resulted in a total of 110 publications, encompassing 484,747 Anopheles mosquitoes in 632 spatially unique descriptions at 142 georeferenced locations being identified across Nigeria from 1900 to 2010. Overall, the highest number of vector species reported included An. gambiae complex (65.2%), An. funestus complex (17.3%), An. gambiae s.s. (6.5%). An. arabiensis (5.0%) and An. funestus s.s. (2.5%), with the molecular forms An. gambiae M and S identified at 120 locations. A variety of sampling/collection and species identification methods were used with an increase in molecular techniques in recent decades. Insecticide resistance to pyrethroids and organochlorines was found in the main Anopheles species across 45 locations. Presence of P. falciparum and W. bancrofti varied between species with the highest sporozoite rates found in An. gambiae s.s, An. funestus s.s. and An. moucheti, and the highest microfilaria prevalence in An. gambiae s.l., An. arabiensis, and An. gambiae s.s. This comprehensive geo-referenced database provides an essential baseline on Anopheles vectors and will be an important resource for malaria and LF vector control programmes in Nigeria. PMID:22162764

Okorie, Patricia Nkem; McKenzie, F. Ellis; Ademowo, Olusegun George; Bockarie, Moses; Kelly-Hope, Louise

2011-01-01

109

Nigeria Anopheles vector database: an overview of 100 years' research.  

PubMed

Anopheles mosquitoes are important vectors of malaria and lymphatic filariasis (LF), which are major public health diseases in Nigeria. Malaria is caused by infection with a protozoan parasite of the genus Plasmodium and LF by the parasitic worm Wuchereria bancrofti. Updating our knowledge of the Anopheles species is vital in planning and implementing evidence based vector control programs. To present a comprehensive report on the spatial distribution and composition of these vectors, all published data available were collated into a database. Details recorded for each source were the locality, latitude/longitude, time/period of study, species, abundance, sampling/collection methods, morphological and molecular species identification methods, insecticide resistance status, including evidence of the kdr allele, and P. falciparum sporozoite rate and W. bancrofti microfilaria prevalence. This collation resulted in a total of 110 publications, encompassing 484,747 Anopheles mosquitoes in 632 spatially unique descriptions at 142 georeferenced locations being identified across Nigeria from 1900 to 2010. Overall, the highest number of vector species reported included An. gambiae complex (65.2%), An. funestus complex (17.3%), An. gambiae s.s. (6.5%). An. arabiensis (5.0%) and An. funestus s.s. (2.5%), with the molecular forms An. gambiae M and S identified at 120 locations. A variety of sampling/collection and species identification methods were used with an increase in molecular techniques in recent decades. Insecticide resistance to pyrethroids and organochlorines was found in the main Anopheles species across 45 locations. Presence of P. falciparum and W. bancrofti varied between species with the highest sporozoite rates found in An. gambiae s.s, An. funestus s.s. and An. moucheti, and the highest microfilaria prevalence in An. gambiae s.l., An. arabiensis, and An. gambiae s.s. This comprehensive geo-referenced database provides an essential baseline on Anopheles vectors and will be an important resource for malaria and LF vector control programmes in Nigeria. PMID:22162764

Okorie, Patricia Nkem; McKenzie, F Ellis; Ademowo, Olusegun George; Bockarie, Moses; Kelly-Hope, Louise

2011-01-01

110

Patient confidentiality in the research use of clinical medical databases.  

PubMed

Electronic medical record keeping has led to increased interest in analyzing historical patient data to improve care delivery. Such research use of patient data, however, raises concerns about confidentiality and institutional liability. Institutional review boards must balance patient data security with a researcher's ability to explore potentially important clinical relationships. We considered the issues involved when patient records from health care institutions are used in medical research. We also explored current regulations on patient confidentiality, the need for identifying information in research, and the effectiveness of deidentification and data security. We will present an algorithm for researchers to use to think about the data security needs of their research, and we will introduce a vocabulary for documenting these techniques in proposals and publications. PMID:17329644

Krishna, Rajeev; Kelleher, Kelly; Stahlberg, Eric

2007-04-01

111

Impact of IPAD on CAD/CAM database university research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

IPAD program has provided direction, focus and software products which impacted on CAD/CAM data base research and follow-on research. The relationship of IPAD to the research projects which involve the storage of geometric data in common data ase facilities such as data base machines, the exchange of data between heterogeneous data bases, the development of IGES processors, the migration of lrge CAD/CAM data base management systems to noncompatible hosts, and the value of RIM as a research tool is described.

Leach, L. M.; Wozny, M. J.

1984-01-01

112

Romanian contribution to research infrastructure database for EPOS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

European Plate Observation System - EPOS is a long-term plan to facilitate integrated use of data, models and facilities from mainly distributed existing, but also new, research infrastructures for solid Earth Science. In EPOS Preparatory Phase were integrated the national Research Infrastructures at pan European level in order to create the EPOS distributed research infrastructures, structure in which, at the present time, Romania participates by means of the earth science research infrastructures of the national interest declared on the National Roadmap. The mission of EPOS is to build an efficient and comprehensive multidisciplinary research platform for solid Earth Sciences in Europe and to allow the scientific community to study the same phenomena from different points of view, in different time periods and spatial scales (laboratory and field experiments). At national scale, research and monitoring infrastructures have gathered a vast amount of geological and geophysical data, which have been used by research networks to underpin our understanding of the Earth. EPOS promotes the creation of comprehensive national and regional consortia, as well as the organization of collective actions. To serve the EPOS goals, in Romania a group of National Research Institutes, together with their infrastructures, gathered in an EPOS National Consortium, as follows: 1. National Institute for Earth Physics - Seismic, strong motion, GPS and Geomagnetic network and Experimental Laboratory; 2. National Institute of Marine Geology and Geoecology - Marine Research infrastructure and Euxinus integrated regional Black Sea observation and early-warning system; 3. Geological Institute of Romania - Surlari National Geomagnetic Observatory and National lithoteque (the latter as part of the National Museum of Geology) 4. University of Bucharest - Paleomagnetic Laboratory After national dissemination of EPOS initiative other Research Institutes and companies from the potential stakeholders group also show their interest to participate in the EPOS National Consortium.

Ionescu, Constantin; Craiu, Andreea; Tataru, Dragos; Balan, Stefan; Muntean, Alexandra; Nastase, Eduard; Oaie, Gheorghe; Asimopolos, Laurentiu; Panaiotu, Cristian

2014-05-01

113

Real-time magnetic resonance imaging and electromagnetic articulography database for speech production research (TC).  

PubMed

USC-TIMIT is an extensive database of multimodal speech production data, developed to complement existing resources available to the speech research community and with the intention of being continuously refined and augmented. The database currently includes real-time magnetic resonance imaging data from five male and five female speakers of American English. Electromagnetic articulography data have also been presently collected from four of these speakers. The two modalities were recorded in two independent sessions while the subjects produced the same 460 sentence corpus used previously in the MOCHA-TIMIT database. In both cases the audio signal was recorded and synchronized with the articulatory data. The database and companion software are freely available to the research community. PMID:25190403

Narayanan, Shrikanth; Toutios, Asterios; Ramanarayanan, Vikram; Lammert, Adam; Kim, Jangwon; Lee, Sungbok; Nayak, Krishna; Kim, Yoon-Chul; Zhu, Yinghua; Goldstein, Louis; Byrd, Dani; Bresch, Erik; Ghosh, Prasanta; Katsamanis, Athanasios; Proctor, Michael

2014-09-01

114

DOG-SPOT database for comprehensive management of dog genetic research data  

PubMed Central

Research laboratories studying the genetics of companion animals have no database tools specifically designed to aid in the management of the many kinds of data that are generated, stored and analyzed. We have developed a relational database, "DOG-SPOT," to provide such a tool. Implemented in MS-Access, the database is easy to extend or customize to suit a lab's particular needs. With DOG-SPOT a lab can manage data relating to dogs, breeds, samples, biomaterials, phenotypes, owners, communications, amplicons, sequences, markers, genotypes and personnel. Such an integrated data structure helps ensure high quality data entry and makes it easy to track physical stocks of biomaterials and oligonucleotides. PMID:21159202

2010-01-01

115

SeqHound: biological sequence and structure database as a platform for bioinformatics research  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: SeqHound has been developed as an integrated biological sequence, taxonomy, annotation and 3-D structure database system. It provides a high-performance server platform for bioinformatics research in a locally-hosted environment. RESULTS: SeqHound is based on the National Center for Biotechnology Information data model and programming tools. It offers daily updated contents of all Entrez sequence databases in addition to 3-D

Katerina Michalickova; Gary D. Bader; Michel Dumontier; Hao Lieu; Doron Betel; Ruth Isserlin; Christopher W. V. Hogue

2002-01-01

116

Sys-BodyFluid: a systematical database for human body fluid proteome research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, body fluids have widely become an impor- tant target for proteomic research and proteomic study has produced more and more body fluid related protein data. A database is needed to collect and analyze these proteome data. Thus, we devel- oped this web-based body fluid proteome database Sys-BodyFluid. It contains eleven kinds of body fluid proteomes, including plasma\\/serum, urine, cere-

Su-jun Li; Mao Peng; Hong Li; Bo-shu Liu; Chuan Wang; Jia-rui Wu; Yi-xue Li; Rong Zeng

2009-01-01

117

Age 60 Rule Research, Part 1: Bibliographic Database.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

As part of a research contract with the FAA to study issues related to the Age 60 Rule for pilot mandatory retirement, this extensive bibliography was compiled. Topics included pilot aging, performance, health and physiological factors, as well as other a...

1994-01-01

118

Economics Research in France: Tentative Conclusions Based on EconLit Database.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveyed the scientific contributions of representative economics research groups in France based on the EconLit bibliographic database. Research groups were categorized in either the "French specificity" group or the "traditional" group. Three indicators - overall visability, net production, and international presence -- were used to evaluate…

Mirucki, Jean

2000-01-01

119

Data Recycling: Using Existing Databases to Increase Research Capacity in Speech-Language Development and Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This clinical forum was organized to provide a means for informing the research and clinical communities of one mechanism through which research capacity might be enhanced within the field of speech-language pathology. Specifically, forum authors describe the process of conducting secondary analyses of extant databases to answer questions…

Justice, Laura M.; Breit-Smith, Allison; Rogers, Margaret

2010-01-01

120

Use of primary care electronic medical record database in drug efficacy research on cardiovascular outcomes: comparison of database and randomised controlled trial findings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives To determine whether observational studies that use an electronic medical record database can provide valid results of therapeutic effectiveness and to develop new methods to enhance validity.Design Data from the UK general practice research database (GPRD) were used to replicate previously performed randomised controlled trials, to the extent that was feasible aside from randomisation.Studies Six published randomised controlled trials.

Richard L Tannen; Mark G Weiner; Dawei Xie

2009-01-01

121

IOPI Database of Plant Databases  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Organization for Plant Information (IOPI), a Commission of the International Union of Biological Sciences (IUBS), manages the Database of Plant Databases (DPD). The DPD is a global list of plant databases including Taxonomic databases ("with systematic information on families or genera, or for Flora projects"); Collection catalogs (usually of herbaria); and DELTA datasets (DELTA is "the Description Language for Taxonomy, a data format for character data, used for identification, key construction and the generation of descriptions."). The DPD may be searched using numerous specified fields, or it may be viewed in its entirety -- by Database Name, Host Name, or Host Country. Though bare bones in appearance, this extensive database contains a gold mine of information, with hundreds of hyperlinks to valuable plant databases.

122

Research and Technological Development Activities of the European Union: 1998 Annual Report  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The European Commission's Annual Report on research activities in 1997 offers an overview of new developments in Community research policy and research conducted during the year. The report is aimed at researchers, research organizations, and interested politicians, as well as the European Parliament and Council of Ministers. The report is currently available in English, French, and German (.pdf format).

1998-01-01

123

Large-scale spatial population databases in infectious disease research  

PubMed Central

Modelling studies on the spatial distribution and spread of infectious diseases are becoming increasingly detailed and sophisticated, with global risk mapping and epidemic modelling studies now popular. Yet, in deriving populations at risk of disease estimates, these spatial models must rely on existing global and regional datasets on population distribution, which are often based on outdated and coarse resolution data. Moreover, a variety of different methods have been used to model population distribution at large spatial scales. In this review we describe the main global gridded population datasets that are freely available for health researchers and compare their construction methods, and highlight the uncertainties inherent in these population datasets. We review their application in past studies on disease risk and dynamics, and discuss how the choice of dataset can affect results. Moreover, we highlight how the lack of contemporary, detailed and reliable data on human population distribution in low income countries is proving a barrier to obtaining accurate large-scale estimates of population at risk and constructing reliable models of disease spread, and suggest research directions required to further reduce these barriers. PMID:22433126

2012-01-01

124

A RESEARCH DATABASE FOR IMPROVED DATA MANAGEMENT AND ANALYSIS IN LONGITUDINAL STUDIES  

PubMed Central

We developed a research database for a five-year prospective investigation of the medical, social, and developmental correlates of chronic lung disease during the first three years of life. We used the Ingres database management system and the Statit statistical software package. The database includes records containing 1300 variables each, the results of 35 psychological tests, each repeated five times (providing longitudinal data on the child, the parents, and behavioral interactions), both raw and calculated variables, and both missing and deferred values. The four-layer menu-driven user interface incorporates automatic activation of complex functions to handle data verification, missing and deferred values, static and dynamic backup, determination of calculated values, display of database status, reports, bulk data extraction, and statistical analysis. PMID:7596250

BIELEFELD, ROGER A.; YAMASHITA, TOYOKO S.; KEREKES, EDWARD F.; ERCANLI, EHAT; SINGER, LYNN T.

2014-01-01

125

Chlorophyll isolation, structure and function: major landmarks of the early history of research in the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union.  

PubMed

This paper covers major events of the early history of chlorophyll research in the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union from 1771 until 1952, when the modern period of studies on photosynthesis began in full swing. Short biographical sketches of key scientists, reviews of their major research contributions and some selected photographs are included. PMID:16228595

Krasnovsky Jr, Alexander A

2003-01-01

126

Towards a database for genotype-phenotype association research: mining data from encyclopaedia.  

PubMed

To associate phenotypic characteristics of an organism to molecules encoded by its genome, there is a need for well-structured genotype and phenotype data. We use a novel method for extracting data on phenotype and genotype characteristics of microorganisms from text. As a resource, we use an encyclopedia of microorganisms, which holds phenotypic and genotypic data and create a structured, flexible data resource, which can be exported to a range of database formats, containing genotype and phenotype data for 2412 species and 873 genera of microbes. This data source has great potential as a resource for future biological research on genotype-phenotype associations. In this paper, we focus on describing the structure and content of the resulting database and on evaluating the method used for extracting the data. We conclude that the resulting database can be used as a reliable complementary resource for research into genotype-phenotype association. PMID:23777176

Paji?, Vesna S; Pavloviç-Lazeti?, Gordana M; Beljanski, Milos V; Brandt, Bernd W; Paji?, Milos B

2013-01-01

127

Union Agitators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A decade has passed since a few union leaders formed the network known as Teacher Union Reform Network (TURN) to search for innovative ways to enhance education. Selling their message has not always been easy. Created in 1995, TURN was the brain child of Adam Urbanski, the president of the Rochester (N.Y.) Teachers Association for the past 25…

Honawar, Vaishali

2006-01-01

128

Accessing the public MIMIC-II intensive care relational database for clinical research  

PubMed Central

Background The Multiparameter Intelligent Monitoring in Intensive Care II (MIMIC-II) database is a free, public resource for intensive care research. The database was officially released in 2006, and has attracted a growing number of researchers in academia and industry. We present the two major software tools that facilitate accessing the relational database: the web-based QueryBuilder and a downloadable virtual machine (VM) image. Results QueryBuilder and the MIMIC-II VM have been developed successfully and are freely available to MIMIC-II users. Simple example SQL queries and the resulting data are presented. Clinical studies pertaining to acute kidney injury and prediction of fluid requirements in the intensive care unit are shown as typical examples of research performed with MIMIC-II. In addition, MIMIC-II has also provided data for annual PhysioNet/Computing in Cardiology Challenges, including the 2012 Challenge “Predicting mortality of ICU Patients”. Conclusions QueryBuilder is a web-based tool that provides easy access to MIMIC-II. For more computationally intensive queries, one can locally install a complete copy of MIMIC-II in a VM. Both publicly available tools provide the MIMIC-II research community with convenient querying interfaces and complement the value of the MIMIC-II relational database. PMID:23302652

2013-01-01

129

CUAVE: A new audio-visual database for multimodal human-computer interface research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multimodal signal processing has become an important topic of research for overcoming certain problems of audio-only speech processing. Audio-visual speech recognition is one area with great potential. Difficulties due to background noise and multiple speakers are significantly reduced by the additional information provided by extra visual features. Despite a few efforts to create databases in this area, none has emerged

E. K. Patterson; S. Gurbuz; Z. Tufekci; J. N. Gowdy

2002-01-01

130

Understanding and Interpreting the NRC's "Data-Based Assessment of Research-Doctorate  

E-print Network

The NRC study covers 5,004 doctoral programs in 62 fields at 212 universities (50 programs at UGA10/21/2010 1 Understanding and Interpreting the NRC's "Data-Based Assessment of Research-Doctorate Programs in the United States (2010)" Jaxk Reeves, SCC Director Kim Love-Myers, SCC Associate Director

Navara, Kristen

131

Development of English Speech Database Read by Japanese to Support CALL Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes development of ERJ (English Read by Japanese) database, which is designed to support CALL (Com- puter Assisted Language Learning) research. The DB is divided into two parts, English read by Japanese and that by Americans with the same reading sheets in both. The reading material is composed of four sections, prosodic\\/phonetic ? sentence\\/word sections. 202 Japanese students

Nobuaki MINEMATSU; Yoshihiro TOMIYAMA; Kei YOSHIMOTO; Katsumasa SHIMIZU; Seiichi NAKAGAWA; Masatake DANTSUJI; Shozo MAKINO

132

Heavy Oil Database from the National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research (NIPER)  

DOE Data Explorer

The Heavy Oil Database resulted from work funded by DOE and performed at the National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research (NIPER). It contains information on more than 500 resevoirs in a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet. The information was collected in 1992 and updated periodically through 2003. Save the zipped file to your PC, then open to access the data.

133

American Geophysical Union  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Geophysical Union (AGU), which was established in 1919 by the National Research Council and for more than 50 years operated as an unincorporated affiliate of the National Academy of Sciences, is now a nonprofit corporation chartered under the laws of the District of Columbia. The Union is dedicated to the furtherance of the geophysical sciences through the individual efforts of its members and in cooperation with other national and international scientific organizations.

2010-03-03

134

Current Trends and New Challenges of Databases and Web Applications for Systems Driven Biological Research  

PubMed Central

Dynamic and rapidly evolving nature of systems driven research imposes special requirements on the technology, approach, design and architecture of computational infrastructure including database and Web application. Several solutions have been proposed to meet the expectations and novel methods have been developed to address the persisting problems of data integration. It is important for researchers to understand different technologies and approaches. Having familiarized with the pros and cons of the existing technologies, researchers can exploit its capabilities to the maximum potential for integrating data. In this review we discuss the architecture, design and key technologies underlying some of the prominent databases and Web applications. We will mention their roles in integration of biological data and investigate some of the emerging design concepts and computational technologies that are likely to have a key role in the future of systems driven biomedical research. PMID:21423387

Sreenivasaiah, Pradeep Kumar; Kim, Do Han

2010-01-01

135

Towards the "Fifth Freedom": Increasing the Mobility of Researchers in the European Union  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many researchers trained in Europe leave to work abroad, namely in the USA. This brain-drain phenomenon is the result of a lack of openness and competition in European academic systems. Some aspects relating to the mobility of academic careers could make a difference in attracting--and maintaining--researchers, aside to serious structural reform.…

Marimon, Ramon; Lietaert, Matthieu; Grigolo, Michele

2009-01-01

136

Research on cholinesterases in the Soviet Union and Russia: a historical perspective.  

PubMed

Research on cholinesterases and effects of their inhibition in the USSR and Russia since 1930-1940s till present is exposed in historical aspects. The first physiological and toxicological effects of cholinesterase inhibition were reported by Alexander Ginetsinsky during World War II, when academic institutions were evacuated from Leningrad to Kazan. The main scientific schools that initiated research on chemistry, enzymology and physiology of cholinesterases and their inhibitors were leaded by Alexandr and Boris Arbuzovs, Victor Rozengart, Viktor Yakovlev, Michael Michelson, Martin Kabachnik, Mikhail Voronkov, Ivan Knunyants, Alexandr Bretskin and others. They investigated the main physiological effects of cholinesterase inhibitors, and analyzed the catalytic mechanisms of cholinesterases and related enzymes. Their contributions are landmarks in the history of cholinesterase research. At the present time revival of research on cholinesterases in different universities and institutes is vivid, in particular at the Moscow State University, research institutes of Russian Academy of Sciences and Kazan Scientific Center. PMID:23485591

Rozengart, Eugene V; Basova, Natalia E; Moralev, Serge N; Lushchekina, Sofya V; Masson, Patrick; Varfolomeev, Sergei D

2013-03-25

137

Immediate dissemination of student discoveries to a model organism database enhances classroom-based research experiences.  

PubMed

Use of inquiry-based research modules in the classroom has soared over recent years, largely in response to national calls for teaching that provides experience with scientific processes and methodologies. To increase the visibility of in-class studies among interested researchers and to strengthen their impact on student learning, we have extended the typical model of inquiry-based labs to include a means for targeted dissemination of student-generated discoveries. This initiative required: 1) creating a set of research-based lab activities with the potential to yield results that a particular scientific community would find useful and 2) developing a means for immediate sharing of student-generated results. Working toward these goals, we designed guides for course-based research aimed to fulfill the need for functional annotation of the Tetrahymena thermophila genome, and developed an interactive Web database that links directly to the official Tetrahymena Genome Database for immediate, targeted dissemination of student discoveries. This combination of research via the course modules and the opportunity for students to immediately "publish" their novel results on a Web database actively used by outside scientists culminated in a motivational tool that enhanced students' efforts to engage the scientific process and pursue additional research opportunities beyond the course. PMID:24591511

Wiley, Emily A; Stover, Nicholas A

2014-01-01

138

Immediate Dissemination of Student Discoveries to a Model Organism Database Enhances Classroom-Based Research Experiences  

PubMed Central

Use of inquiry-based research modules in the classroom has soared over recent years, largely in response to national calls for teaching that provides experience with scientific processes and methodologies. To increase the visibility of in-class studies among interested researchers and to strengthen their impact on student learning, we have extended the typical model of inquiry-based labs to include a means for targeted dissemination of student-generated discoveries. This initiative required: 1) creating a set of research-based lab activities with the potential to yield results that a particular scientific community would find useful and 2) developing a means for immediate sharing of student-generated results. Working toward these goals, we designed guides for course-based research aimed to fulfill the need for functional annotation of the Tetrahymena thermophila genome, and developed an interactive Web database that links directly to the official Tetrahymena Genome Database for immediate, targeted dissemination of student discoveries. This combination of research via the course modules and the opportunity for students to immediately “publish” their novel results on a Web database actively used by outside scientists culminated in a motivational tool that enhanced students’ efforts to engage the scientific process and pursue additional research opportunities beyond the course. PMID:24591511

Wiley, Emily A.; Stover, Nicholas A.

2014-01-01

139

Theories in medical education: towards creating a union between educational practice and research traditions.  

PubMed

Despite the multiple changes that have happened in medical education over the last three decades, it is often speculated that these changes have been made in the absence of supportive theory, or at least by a poor understanding of educational theory. It is similarly expounded that the continuance of this change is not supported by either initial educational research or research into the effect of educational intervention. This commentary explains the background reasoning and intended structure of the new AMEE Guides in Medical Education Theories Series, in which it is intended to bring together the theories in education with both the practice and research activities, demonstrating the interactivity between the three and providing the reader with a sound theoretical basis for future development. PMID:21345058

Gibbs, Trevor; Durning, Steven; Van Der Vleuten, Cees

2011-01-01

140

A Model of Union Participation: The Impact of Perceived Union Support, Union Instrumentality, and Union Loyalty  

Microsoft Academic Search

Perceived union support and union instrumentality have been shown to uniquely predict union loyalty. This study was the first to explicitly examine the relation between perceived union support and union instrumentality. Surveys were completed by 273 union members and 29 union stewards. A comparison of 2 models, 1 based on organizational support theory and 1 based on union participation theories,

Lois E. Tetrick; Lynn M. Shore; Lucy Newton McClurg; Robert J. Vandenberg

2007-01-01

141

Inter-Parliamentary Union = Union Interparlementaire  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Inter-Parliamentary Union, a "world organization of parliaments of sovereign States" since 1889, provides this informational site, which is highlighted by two searchable databases, PARLINE and PARLIT. PARLINE contains information about parliaments in over 190 countries, including structure, leader, percentage of women, term, and other useful data which may include distribution by political group and sex, candidacy eligiblilty requirements, and background to the last election. A comparative search function allows qualitative and quantitative search variables and returns country parliaments that meet specifications. PARLIT contains bibliographic references to a subset of IPU's 37,000 item database. Items from 1992-present are currently available. Searches can be performed on seven variables, including country, parliamentary organization, periodical, and language. The IPU site also contains links to parliamentary web sites and other information about the organization.

1998-01-01

142

MIPS PlantsDB: a database framework for comparative plant genome research.  

PubMed

The rapidly increasing amount of plant genome (sequence) data enables powerful comparative analyses and integrative approaches and also requires structured and comprehensive information resources. Databases are needed for both model and crop plant organisms and both intuitive search/browse views and comparative genomics tools should communicate the data to researchers and help them interpret it. MIPS PlantsDB (http://mips.helmholtz-muenchen.de/plant/genomes.jsp) was initially described in NAR in 2007 [Spannagl,M., Noubibou,O., Haase,D., Yang,L., Gundlach,H., Hindemitt, T., Klee,K., Haberer,G., Schoof,H. and Mayer,K.F. (2007) MIPSPlantsDB-plant database resource for integrative and comparative plant genome research. Nucleic Acids Res., 35, D834-D840] and was set up from the start to provide data and information resources for individual plant species as well as a framework for integrative and comparative plant genome research. PlantsDB comprises database instances for tomato, Medicago, Arabidopsis, Brachypodium, Sorghum, maize, rice, barley and wheat. Building up on that, state-of-the-art comparative genomics tools such as CrowsNest are integrated to visualize and investigate syntenic relationships between monocot genomes. Results from novel genome analysis strategies targeting the complex and repetitive genomes of triticeae species (wheat and barley) are provided and cross-linked with model species. The MIPS Repeat Element Database (mips-REdat) and Catalog (mips-REcat) as well as tight connections to other databases, e.g. via web services, are further important components of PlantsDB. PMID:23203886

Nussbaumer, Thomas; Martis, Mihaela M; Roessner, Stephan K; Pfeifer, Matthias; Bader, Kai C; Sharma, Sapna; Gundlach, Heidrun; Spannagl, Manuel

2013-01-01

143

Review of the Research Studies on the Demand for Prostitution in the European Union and Beyond  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the present time there is a fundamental gap in research knowledge on the demand for trafficked prostitution. In fact, up to now, the most significant literature has mainly focused on prostitutes, traffickers, routes,\\u000a dynamics of the phenomenon and clients of common prostitution, but almost nothing has been done regarding the demand for trafficked prostitution.\\u000a \\u000a Yet these actors, neglected by

Andrea Cauduro

144

Second Research Coordination Meeting on Reference Database for Neutron Activation Analysis -- Summary Report  

SciTech Connect

The second meeting of the Co-ordinated Research Project on"Reference Database for Neutron Activation Analysis" was held at the IAEA, Vienna from 7-9 May, 2007. A summary of the presentations made by participants is given, along with reports on specifically assigned tasks and subsequent discussions. In order to meet the overall objectives of this CRP, the outputs have been reiterated and new task assignments made.

Firestone, Richard B.; Kellett, Mark A.

2008-03-19

145

Genomics and Public Health Research: Can the State Allow Access to Genomic Databases?  

PubMed Central

Because many diseases are multifactorial disorders, the scientific progress in genomics and genetics should be taken into consideration in public health research. In this context, genomic databases will constitute an important source of information. Consequently, it is important to identify and characterize the State’s role and authority on matters related to public health, in order to verify whether it has access to such databases while engaging in public health genomic research. We first consider the evolution of the concept of public health, as well as its core functions, using a comparative approach (e.g. WHO, PAHO, CDC and the Canadian province of Quebec). Following an analysis of relevant Quebec legislation, the precautionary principle is examined as a possible avenue to justify State access to and use of genomic databases for research purposes. Finally, we consider the Influenza pandemic plans developed by WHO, Canada, and Quebec, as examples of key tools framing public health decision-making process. We observed that State powers in public health, are not, in Quebec, well adapted to the expansion of genomics research. We propose that the scope of the concept of research in public health should be clear and include the following characteristics: a commitment to the health and well-being of the population and to their determinants; the inclusion of both applied research and basic research; and, an appropriate model of governance (authorization, follow-up, consent, etc.). We also suggest that the strategic approach version of the precautionary principle could guide collective choices in these matters. PMID:23113174

Cousineau, J; Girard, N; Monardes, C; Leroux, T; Jean, M Stanton

2012-01-01

146

Ethical review of projects involving non-human primates funded under the European Union's 7th Research Framework Programme.  

PubMed

Internet searches were performed on projects involving non-human primates ('primates') funded under the European Union (EU) 7th Research Framework Programme (FP7), to determine how project proposals are assessed from an ethical point of view. Due to the incompleteness of the information publicly available, the types and severity of the experiments could not be determined with certainty, although in some projects the level of harm was considered to be 'severe'. Information was scarce regarding the numbers of primates, their sourcing, housing, care and fate, or the application of the Three Rs within projects. Project grant holders and the relevant Commission officer were consulted about their experiences with the FP7 ethics review process. Overall, it was seen as meaningful and beneficial, but some concerns were also noted. Ethical follow-up during project performance and upon completion was recognised as a valuable tool in ensuring that animal welfare requirements were adequately addressed. Based upon the outcome of the survey, recommendations are presented on how to strengthen the ethical review process under the upcoming Framework Programme 'Horizon 2020', while adequately taking into account the specific requirements of Directive 2010/63/EU, with the aim of limiting the harms inflicted on the animals and the numbers used, and ultimately, replacing the use of primates altogether. PMID:24168134

Sauer, Ursula; Phillips, Barry; Reid, Kirsty; Schmit, Véronique; Jennings, Maggy

2013-09-01

147

Global Invasive Species Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Global Invasive Species Database was developed by the Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG), an international group of 100+ scientific and policy experts with the Species Survival Commission (SSC) of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN). The entry page of the Website offers background information on invasive species and instructions on how to use the database. A section entitled 100 of the worst (ranging from Rat to Purple Loosestrife) gives viewers an idea of the type of information that will be included in the database, both in terms of expected detail and organizational structure of the database. Types of information provided for each species include Ecology, Distribution, Habitat Matches, References, and Contacts. In addition, a Predictive feature allows viewers to predict the expansion of invasive species, and the Early Warning System matches habitats that the species has already invaded with "other similar habitats around the world." Although still under construction, this database should be a powerful tool for researchers and educators, once completed.

148

MIMIC II: a massive temporal ICU patient database to support research in intelligent patient monitoring  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Development and evaluation of Intensive Care Unit (ICU) decision-support systems would be greatly facilitated by the availability of a large-scale ICU patient database. Following our previous efforts with the MIMIC (Multi-parameter Intelligent Monitoring for Intensive Care) Database, we have leveraged advances in networking and storage technologies to develop a far more massive temporal database, MIMIC II. MIMIC II is an ongoing effort: data is continuously and prospectively archived from all ICU patients in our hospital. MIMIC II now consists of over 800 ICU patient records including over 120 gigabytes of data and is growing. A customized archiving system was used to store continuously up to four waveforms and 30 different parameters from ICU patient monitors. An integrated user-friendly relational database was developed for browsing of patients' clinical information (lab results, fluid balance, medications, nurses' progress notes). Based upon its unprecedented size and scope, MIMIC II will prove to be an important resource for intelligent patient monitoring research, and will support efforts in medical data mining and knowledge-discovery.

Saeed, M.; Lieu, C.; Raber, G.; Mark, R. G.

2002-01-01

149

Solubility Database  

National Institute of Standards and Technology Data Gateway

SRD 106 IUPAC-NIST Solubility Database (Web, free access)   These solubilities are compiled from 18 volumes (Click here for List) of the International Union for Pure and Applied Chemistry(IUPAC)-NIST Solubility Data Series. The database includes liquid-liquid, solid-liquid, and gas-liquid systems. Typical solvents and solutes include water, seawater, heavy water, inorganic compounds, and a variety of organic compounds such as hydrocarbons, halogenated hydrocarbons, alcohols, acids, esters and nitrogen compounds. There are over 67,500 solubility measurements and over 1800 references.

150

Policy for the National Database for Autism Research The NIH is interested in advancing research to identify common genetic or other factors that influence the prevention,  

E-print Network

, diagnosis, and treatment of autism spectrum disorders. The National Database for Autism Research (NDAR into the prevention, causes, diagnosis, and treatment of autism. These studies may conduct genome-wide associationPolicy for the National Database for Autism Research (NDAR) Background The NIH is interested

Bandettini, Peter A.

151

Adjusting for COPD severity in database research: developing and validating an algorithm  

PubMed Central

Purpose When comparing chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD) interventions in database research, it is important to adjust for severity. Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) guidelines grade severity according to lung function. Most databases lack data on lung function. Previous database research has approximated COPD severity using demographics and healthcare utilization. This study aims to derive an algorithm for COPD severity using baseline data from a large respiratory trial (UPLIFT). Methods Partial proportional odds logit models were developed for probabilities of being in GOLD stages II, III and IV. Concordance between predicted and observed stage was assessed using kappa-statistics. Models were estimated in a random selection of 2/3 of patients and validated in the remainder. The analysis was repeated in a subsample with a balanced distribution across severity stages. Univariate associations of COPD severity with the covariates were tested as well. Results More severe COPD was associated with being male and younger, having quit smoking, lower BMI, osteoporosis, hospitalizations, using certain medications, and oxygen. After adjusting for these variables, co-morbidities, previous healthcare resource use (eg, emergency room, hospitalizations) and inhaled corticosteroids, xanthines, or mucolytics were no longer independently associated with COPD severity, although they were in univariate tests. The concordance was poor (kappa = 0.151) and only slightly better in the balanced sample (kappa = 0.215). Conclusion COPD severity cannot be reliably predicted from demographics and healthcare use. This limitation should be considered when interpreting findings from database studies, and additional research should explore other methods to account for COPD severity. PMID:22259243

Goossens, Lucas MA; Baker, Christine L; Monz, Brigitta U; Zou, Kelly H; Molken, Maureen PMH Rutten-van

2011-01-01

152

Fine-grained policy control in U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL) multimodal signatures database  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The U.S. Army Research Laboratory (ARL) Multimodal Signatures Database (MMSDB) consists of a number of colocated relational databases representing a collection of data from various sensors. Role-based access to this data is granted to external organizations such as DoD contractors and other government agencies through a client Web portal. In the current MMSDB system, access control is only at the database and firewall level. In order to offer finer grained security, changes to existing user profile schemas and authentication mechanisms are usually needed. In this paper, we describe a software middleware architecture and implementation that allows fine-grained access control to the MMSDB at a dataset, table, and row level. Result sets from MMSDB queries issued in the client portal are filtered with the use of a policy enforcement proxy, with minimal changes to the existing client software and database. Before resulting data is returned to the client, policies are evaluated to determine if the user or role is authorized to access the data. Policies can be authored to filter data at the row, table or column level of a result set. The system uses various technologies developed in the International Technology Alliance in Network and Information Science (ITA) for policy-controlled information sharing and dissemination1. Use of the Policy Management Library provides a mechanism for the management and evaluation of policies to support finer grained access to the data in the MMSDB system. The GaianDB is a policy-enabled, federated database that acts as a proxy between the client application and the MMSDB system.

Bennett, Kelly; Grueneberg, Keith; Wood, David; Calo, Seraphin

2014-06-01

153

Down syndrome: issues to consider in a national registry, research database and biobank.  

PubMed

As the quality of life for individuals with Down syndrome continues to improve due to anticipatory healthcare, early intervention, mainstreaming in schools, and increased expectations, the lack of basic information regarding individuals with Down syndrome is being recognized, and the need to facilitate research through a national registry, research database and biobank is being discussed. We believe that there should not be ownership of the samples and information, but instead prefer stewardship of the samples and information to benefit the participants who provided them. We endorse a model with data and sample managers and a research review board to interface between the investigators and participants. Information and samples would be coded, and only a few data managers would know the relationship between the codes and identifying information. Research results once published should be included in an online newsletter. If appropriate, individual results should be shared with participants. A Down syndrome registry, research database and biobank should be accountable to participants, families, medical care providers, government, and funding sources. PMID:21501965

McCabe, Linda L; McCabe, Edward R B

2011-01-01

154

YM500: a small RNA sequencing (smRNA-seq) database for microRNA research.  

PubMed

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small RNAs ?22 nt in length that are involved in the regulation of a variety of physiological and pathological processes. Advances in high-throughput small RNA sequencing (smRNA-seq), one of the next-generation sequencing applications, have reshaped the miRNA research landscape. In this study, we established an integrative database, the YM500 (http://ngs.ym.edu.tw/ym500/), containing analysis pipelines and analysis results for 609 human and mice smRNA-seq results, including public data from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and some private sources. YM500 collects analysis results for miRNA quantification, for isomiR identification (incl. RNA editing), for arm switching discovery, and, more importantly, for novel miRNA predictions. Wetlab validation on >100 miRNAs confirmed high correlation between miRNA profiling and RT-qPCR results (R = 0.84). This database allows researchers to search these four different types of analysis results via our interactive web interface. YM500 allows researchers to define the criteria of isomiRs, and also integrates the information of dbSNP to help researchers distinguish isomiRs from SNPs. A user-friendly interface is provided to integrate miRNA-related information and existing evidence from hundreds of sequencing datasets. The identified novel miRNAs and isomiRs hold the potential for both basic research and biotech applications. PMID:23203880

Cheng, Wei-Chung; Chung, I-Fang; Huang, Tse-Shun; Chang, Shih-Ting; Sun, Hsing-Jen; Tsai, Cheng-Fong; Liang, Muh-Lii; Wong, Tai-Tong; Wang, Hsei-Wei

2013-01-01

155

Validation of Acute Myocardial Infarction Cases in the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan  

PubMed Central

Background The aim of this study was to determine the validity of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) diagnosis coding in the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) by cross-comparisons of discharge diagnoses listed in the NHIRD with those in the medical records obtained from a medical center in Taiwan. Methods This was a cross-sectional study comparing records in the NHIRD and discharge notes in one medical center (DNMC) in the year 2008. Positive predictive values (PPVs) for AMI diagnoses were evaluated by reviewing the relevant clinical and laboratory data recorded in the discharge notes of the medical center. Agreement in comorbidities, cardiac procedures, and antiplatelet agent (aspirin or clopidogrel) prescriptions between the two databases was evaluated. Results We matched 341 cases of AMI hospitalizations from the two databases, and 338 cases underwent complete chart review. Of these 338 AMI cases, 297 were confirmed with clinical and lab data, which yielded a PPV of 0.88. The consistency rate for coronary intervention, stenting, and antiplatelet prescription at admission was high, yielding a PPV over 0.90. The percentage of consistency in comorbidity diagnoses was 95.9% (324/338) among matched AMI cases. Conclusions The NHIRD appears to be a valid resource for population research in cardiovascular diseases. PMID:25174915

Cheng, Ching-Lan; Lee, Cheng-Han; Chen, Po-Sheng; Li, Yi-Heng; Lin, Swu-Jane; Yang, Yea-Huei Kao

2014-01-01

156

Computer-Aided Systems Engineering for Flight Research Projects Using a Workgroup Database  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An online systems engineering tool for flight research projects has been developed through the use of a workgroup database. Capabilities are implemented for typical flight research systems engineering needs in document library, configuration control, hazard analysis, hardware database, requirements management, action item tracking, project team information, and technical performance metrics. Repetitive tasks are automated to reduce workload and errors. Current data and documents are instantly available online and can be worked on collaboratively. Existing forms and conventional processes are used, rather than inventing or changing processes to fit the tool. An integrated tool set offers advantages by automatically cross-referencing data, minimizing redundant data entry, and reducing the number of programs that must be learned. With a simplified approach, significant improvements are attained over existing capabilities for minimal cost. By using a workgroup-level database platform, personnel most directly involved in the project can develop, modify, and maintain the system, thereby saving time and money. As a pilot project, the system has been used to support an in-house flight experiment. Options are proposed for developing and deploying this type of tool on a more extensive basis.

Mizukami, Masahi

2004-01-01

157

PS1-39: The Kaiser Permanente Northern California Oracle Research Database  

PubMed Central

NCAL developed a pilot Research Database (RDB) in KPNC that contains clinical and administrative data for the 3.3 million current and 10 million past Health Plan members in the KPNC region, with some data that spans a 40 year period. The primary reason to create such a data warehouse is that researchers are often frustrated by the difficulty of finding, extracting, cleaning, interpreting and transforming the data into useful analytical datasets. This is due to the absence of an efficient research data infrastructure that is optimized for the analytical needs of researchers. In the RDB, we have aggregated clinical data from legacy systems, the current electronic health record (EHR) system, various public use datasets, and research datasets into a research data warehouse. Aims The specific aims of the project are: to develop a uniform schema with consistent data definitions and coding, using standardized terminology, that will harmonize aggregated legacy and current KP electronic health records, develop interfaces and extract, transform and load (ETL) processes for the KP electronic medical record system and other clinical systems that will feed data to the NRDB, implement a security model that is compliant with HIPAA and State regulations and KP policies, and develop federated schema with the other KP regions, so that it will be possible to do federated queries of each region’s databases and aggregate the results, while enabling each region to control access to its data. Methods We developed the RDB in Oracle. ETLs to various data sources were developed in SAS, Informatica and PL/SQL. Results The database is available to over 150 KP researchers and programmers in the Division of Research and other KPNC researchers, who are currently engaged in over 250 research projects. The KPNC Virtual Data Warehouse (VDW) has been incorporated into the RDB as a materialized view or data mart. It is a primary example of an analytic data source optimized for research. Updates to the RDB can be reflected immediately in the VDW. Conclusion The RDB, when it is complete, will be a unique and valuable resource for clinical,

Terdiman, Joe; Gul, Jamila

2011-01-01

158

Modeling the High Speed Research Cycle 2B Longitudinal Aerodynamic Database Using Multivariate Orthogonal Functions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The data for longitudinal non-dimensional, aerodynamic coefficients in the High Speed Research Cycle 2B aerodynamic database were modeled using polynomial expressions identified with an orthogonal function modeling technique. The discrepancy between the tabular aerodynamic data and the polynomial models was tested and shown to be less than 15 percent for drag, lift, and pitching moment coefficients over the entire flight envelope. Most of this discrepancy was traced to smoothing local measurement noise and to the omission of mass case 5 data in the modeling process. A simulation check case showed that the polynomial models provided a compact and accurate representation of the nonlinear aerodynamic dependencies contained in the HSR Cycle 2B tabular aerodynamic database.

Morelli, E. A.; Proffitt, M. S.

1999-01-01

159

JAMSTEC Databases  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the Japan Marine Science and Technology Center (JAMSTEC) comes the JAMSTEC databases site. Visitors can access several databases and data sites including the Deep Seafloor Image Database, Japan ARGO Delayed-mode Database, the J-CAD Compact Arctic Drifter, MIRAI Data Web, Research Results Report System, Submarine Cable Data Center, and the TRITON Buoy Data Web site. All provide marine science related information from Japan and around the world.

2002-01-01

160

Conference Proceedings: "Down Syndrome: National Conference on Patient Registries, Research Databases, and Biobanks"  

PubMed Central

A December 2010 meeting, “Down Syndrome: National Conference on Patient Registries, Research Databases, and Biobanks,” was jointly sponsored by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in Bethesda, MD, and the Global Down Syndrome Foundation (GDSF)/Linda Crnic Institute for Down Syndrome based in Denver, CO. Approximately 70 attendees and organizers from various advocacy groups, federal agencies (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and various NIH Institutes, Centers, and Offices), members of industry, clinicians, and researchers from various academic institutions were greeted by Drs. Yvonne Maddox, Deputy Director of NICHD, and Edward McCabe, Executive Director of the Linda Crnic Institute for Down Syndrome. They charged the participants to focus on the separate issues of contact registries, research databases, and biobanks through both podium presentations and breakout session discussions. Among the breakout groups for each of the major sessions, participants were asked to generate responses to questions posed by the organizers concerning these three research resources as they related to Down syndrome and then to report back to the group at large with a summary of their discussions. This report represents a synthesis of the discussions and suggested approaches formulated by the group as a whole. PMID:21835664

Oster-Granite, Mary Lou; Parisi, Melissa A.; Abbeduto, Leonard; Berlin, Dorit S.; Bodine, Cathy; Bynum, Dana; Capone, George; Collier, Elaine; Hall, Dan; Kaeser, Lisa; Kaufmann, Petra; Krischer, Jeffrey; Livingston, Michelle; McCabe, Linda L.; Pace, Jill; Pfenninger, Karl; Rasmussen, Sonja A.; Reeves, Roger H.; Rubinstein, Yaffa; Sherman, Stephanie; Terry, Sharon F.; Whitten, Michelle Sie; Williams, Stephen; McCabe, Edward R.B.; Maddox, Yvonne T.

2011-01-01

161

Shaping Union and Gender Identities: A Case Study of Women-Only Trade Union Courses  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractIn the context of efforts to revitalize unions and the acknowledged need to widen participation within trade unions, this paper argues that women-only trade union education acts as a vehicle for increasing women's participation and for improving their experiences of unions. Drawing on a qualitative research study of women-only courses in two large male-dominated British trade unions, the findings indicate

Gill Kirton; Geraldine Healy

2004-01-01

162

Massive Scale Cyber Traffic Analysis: A Driver for Graph Database Research  

SciTech Connect

We describe the significance and prominence of network traffic analysis (TA) as a graph- and network-theoretical domain for advancing research in graph database systems. TA involves observing and analyzing the connections between clients, servers, hosts, and actors within IP networks, both at particular times and as extended over times. Towards that end, NetFlow (or more generically, IPFLOW) data are available from routers and servers which summarize coherent groups of IP packets flowing through the network. IPFLOW databases are routinely interrogated statistically and visualized for suspicious patterns. But the ability to cast IPFLOW data as a massive graph and query it interactively, in order to e.g.\\ identify connectivity patterns, is less well advanced, due to a number of factors including scaling, and their hybrid nature combining graph connectivity and quantitative attributes. In this paper, we outline requirements and opportunities for graph-structured IPFLOW analytics based on our experience with real IPFLOW databases. Specifically, we describe real use cases from the security domain, cast them as graph patterns, show how to express them in two graph-oriented query languages SPARQL and Datalog, and use these examples to motivate a new class of "hybrid" graph-relational systems.

Joslyn, Cliff A.; Choudhury, S.; Haglin, David J.; Howe, Bill; Nickless, William K.; Olsen, Bryan K.

2013-06-19

163

Plasma Proteome Database as a resource for proteomics research: 2014 update  

PubMed Central

Plasma Proteome Database (PPD; http://www.plasmaproteomedatabase.org/) was initially described in the year 2005 as a part of Human Proteome Organization’s (HUPO’s) pilot initiative on Human Plasma Proteome Project. Since then, improvements in proteomic technologies and increased throughput have led to identification of a large number of novel plasma proteins. To keep up with this increase in data, we have significantly enriched the proteomic information in PPD. This database currently contains information on 10 546 proteins detected in serum/plasma of which 3784 have been reported in two or more studies. The latest version of the database also incorporates mass spectrometry-derived data including experimentally verified proteotypic peptides used for multiple reaction monitoring assays. Other novel features include published plasma/serum concentrations for 1278 proteins along with a separate category of plasma-derived extracellular vesicle proteins. As plasma proteins have become a major thrust in the field of biomarkers, we have enabled a batch-based query designated Plasma Proteome Explorer, which will permit the users in screening a list of proteins or peptides against known plasma proteins to assess novelty of their data set. We believe that PPD will facilitate both clinical and basic research by serving as a comprehensive reference of plasma proteins in humans and accelerate biomarker discovery and translation efforts. PMID:24304897

Nanjappa, Vishalakshi; Thomas, Joji Kurian; Marimuthu, Arivusudar; Muthusamy, Babylakshmi; Radhakrishnan, Aneesha; Sharma, Rakesh; Ahmad Khan, Aafaque; Balakrishnan, Lavanya; Sahasrabuddhe, Nandini A.; Kumar, Satwant; Jhaveri, Binit Nitinbhai; Sheth, Kaushal Vinaykumar; Kumar Khatana, Ramesh; Shaw, Patrick G.; Srikanth, Srinivas Manda; Mathur, Premendu P.; Shankar, Subramanian; Nagaraja, Dindagur; Christopher, Rita; Mathivanan, Suresh; Raju, Rajesh; Sirdeshmukh, Ravi; Chatterjee, Aditi; Simpson, Richard J.; Harsha, H. C.; Pandey, Akhilesh; Prasad, T. S. Keshava

2014-01-01

164

[The development of European Union common research and development policy and programs with special regard to life sciences].  

PubMed

Research and development (R&D) has been playing a leading role in the European Community's history since the very beginning of European integration. Its importance has grown in recent years, after the launch of the Lisbon strategy. Framework programs have always played a considerable part in community research. The aim of their introduction was to fine tune national R&D activities, and to successfully divide research tasks between the Community and the member states. The Community, from the very outset, has acknowledged the importance of life sciences. It is no coincidence that life sciences have become the second biggest priority in the last two framework programs. This study provides a historical, and at the same time analytical and evaluative review of community R&D policy and activity from the starting point of its development until the present day. It examines in detail how the changes in structure, conditional system, regulations and priorities of the framework programs have followed the formation of social and economic needs. The paper puts special emphasis on the analysis of the development of life science research, presenting how they have met the challenges of the age, and how they have been built into the framework programs. Another research area of the present study is to elaborate how successfully Hungarian researchers have been joining the community research, especially the framework programs in the field of life sciences. To answer these questions, it was essential to survey, process and analyze the data available in the national and European public and closed databases. Contrary to the previous documents, this analysis doesn't concentrate on the political and scientific background. It outlines which role community research has played in sustainable social and economic development and competitiveness, how it has supported common policies and how the processes of integration have been deepening. Besides, the present paper offers a complete review of the given field, from its foundation up until the present day, by elaborating the newest initiatives and ideas for the future. This work is also novel from the point of view of the given professional field, the life sciences in the framework programs, and processing and evaluating of data of Hungarian participation in the 5th and 6th framework programs in the field of life sciences. PMID:19632918

Pörzse, Gábor

2009-08-01

165

Lung Image Database Consortium: Developing a Resource for the Medical Imaging Research Community  

Cancer.gov

Samuel G. Armato III, PhD, Geoffrey McLennan, MD, PhD, Michael F. McNitt-Gray, PhD, Charles R. Meyer, PhD, David Yankelevitz, MD, Denise R. Aberle, MD, Claudia I. Henschke, MD, PhD, Eric A. Hoffman, PhD, Ella A. Kazerooni, MD, MS, Heber MacMahon, MD, Anthony P. Reeves, PhD, Barbara Y. Croft, PhD, Laurence P. Clarke, PhD, For the Lung Image Database Consortium Research Group, Radiology 2004; 232: 739-748.

166

Scientific Research Database of the 2008 Ms8.0 Wenchuan Earthquake  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nearly 5 years after the 2008 Ms8.0 Wenchuan Earthquake, the Ms7.0 Lushan earthquake stroke 70km away along the same fault system. Given the tremendous life loss and property damages as well as the short time and distance intervals between the two large magnitude events, the scientific probing into their causing factors and future seismic activities in the nearby region will continue to be in the center of earthquake research in China and even the world for years to come. In the past five years, scientists have made significant efforts to study the Wenchuan earthquake from various aspects using different datasets and methods. Their studies cover a variety of topics including seismogenic environment, earthquake precursors, rupture process, co-seismic phenomenon, hazard relief, reservoir induced seismicity and more. These studies have been published in numerous journals in Chinese, English and many other languages. In addition, 54 books regarding to this earthquake have been published. The extremely diversified nature of all publications makes it very difficult and time-consuming, if not impossible, to sort out information needed by individual researcher in an efficient way. An information platform that collects relevant scientific information and makes them accessible in various ways can be very handy. With this mission in mind, the Earthquake Research Group in the Chengdu University of Technology has developed a website www.wceq.org to attack this target: (1) articles published by major journals and books are recorded into a database. Researchers will be able to find articles by topics, journals, publication dates, authors and keywords e.t.c by a few clicks; (2) to fast track the latest developments, researchers can also follow upon updates in the current month, last 90days, 180 days and 365 days by clicking on corresponding links; (3) the modern communication tools such as Facebook, Twitter and their Chinese counterparts are accommodated in this site to share favorite research information with friends; (4) This site also serves as a bridge between readers and authors by providing messaging boards in many forms; (5) we also track relevant meeting presentations, ongoing researches as well as earthquake-related news; (6) furthermore, we also collect publications of earthquakes in the eastern Tibetan plateau and selected ones from other regions for comparison purpose. After nearly one year of operation, the database has been growing steadily with time and the major functionalities have been well developed and stabilized. Up to August 6 2013, totally 847 papers have been collected in our database. Among them 673, 21 and 153 papers are of Wenchuan, Lushan and Tohoko earthquake in interest, respectively. For the Wenchuan earthquake articles, nearly 10%, 20%, 25%,15%, 15% are of studies in seismogenic environment, precursors, rupture process, hazard relief and aftershocks & coseismic events, respectively. Built upon the ever growing database, the next move would be to do more analysis. One ongoing project would be to collect figures from articles that are of special interest to people in the field. A parallel project will also start to extend the database to include Tibetan Plateau studies.

Liang, C.; Yang, Y.; Yu, Y.

2013-12-01

167

Attitudes and Behavior of UMCP Students and Employees toward the Maryland Student Union. Research Report No. 3-81.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attitudes and behavior of students and employees at The University of Maryland, College Park, regarding the Maryland Student Union (MSU) were surveyed. The typical respondent was a single, white, undergraduate female, who commuted to school and was likely to use the MSU approximately four times a week. There was a generally positive attitude…

Webster, Dennis W.; Sedlacek, William E.

168

Food-pics: an image database for experimental research on eating and appetite.  

PubMed

Our current environment is characterized by the omnipresence of food cues. The sight and smell of real foods, but also graphically depictions of appetizing foods, can guide our eating behavior, for example, by eliciting food craving and influencing food choice. The relevance of visual food cues on human information processing has been demonstrated by a growing body of studies employing food images across the disciplines of psychology, medicine, and neuroscience. However, currently used food image sets vary considerably across laboratories and image characteristics (contrast, brightness, etc.) and food composition (calories, macronutrients, etc.) are often unspecified. These factors might have contributed to some of the inconsistencies of this research. To remedy this, we developed food-pics, a picture database comprising 568 food images and 315 non-food images along with detailed meta-data. A total of N = 1988 individuals with large variance in age and weight from German speaking countries and North America provided normative ratings of valence, arousal, palatability, desire to eat, recognizability and visual complexity. Furthermore, data on macronutrients (g), energy density (kcal), and physical image characteristics (color composition, contrast, brightness, size, complexity) are provided. The food-pics image database is freely available under the creative commons license with the hope that the set will facilitate standardization and comparability across studies and advance experimental research on the determinants of eating behavior. PMID:25009514

Blechert, Jens; Meule, Adrian; Busch, Niko A; Ohla, Kathrin

2014-01-01

169

MaizeGDB: The Maize Model Organism Database for Basic, Translational, and Applied Research  

PubMed Central

In 2001 maize became the number one production crop in the world with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations reporting over 614 million tonnes produced. Its success is due to the high productivity per acre in tandem with a wide variety of commercial uses. Not only is maize an excellent source of food, feed, and fuel, but also its by-products are used in the production of various commercial products. Maize's unparalleled success in agriculture stems from basic research, the outcomes of which drive breeding and product development. In order for basic, translational, and applied researchers to benefit from others' investigations, newly generated data must be made freely and easily accessible. MaizeGDB is the maize research community's central repository for genetics and genomics information. The overall goals of MaizeGDB are to facilitate access to the outcomes of maize research by integrating new maize data into the database and to support the maize research community by coordinating group activities. PMID:18769488

Lawrence, Carolyn J.; Harper, Lisa C.; Schaeffer, Mary L.; Sen, Taner Z.; Seigfried, Trent E.; Campbell, Darwin A.

2008-01-01

170

The European internet-based patient and research database for primary immunodeficiencies: update 2011  

PubMed Central

In order to build a common data pool and estimate the disease burden of primary immunodeficiencies (PID) in Europe, the European Society for Immunodeficiencies (ESID) has developed an internet-based database for clinical and research data on patients with PID. This database is a platform for epidemiological analyses as well as the development of new diagnostic and therapeutic strategies and the identification of novel disease-associated genes. Since its start in 2004, 13 708 patients from 41 countries have been documented in the ESID database. Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) represents the most common entity with 2880 patients or 21% of all entries, followed by selective immunoglobulin A (sIgA) deficiency (1424 patients, 10·4%). The total documented prevalence of PID is highest in France, with five patients per 100 000 inhabitants. The highest documented prevalence for a single disease is 1·3 per 100 000 inhabitants for sIgA deficiency in Hungary. The highest reported incidence of PID per 100 000 live births was 16·2 for the period 1999–2002 in France. The highest reported incidence rate for a single disease was 6·7 for sIgA deficiency in Spain for the period 1999–2002. The genetic cause was known in 36·2% of all registered patients. Consanguinity was reported in 8·8%, and 18·5% of patients were reported to be familial cases; 27·9% of patients were diagnosed after the age of 16. We did not observe a significant decrease in the diagnostic delay for most diseases between 1987 and 2010. The most frequently reported long-term medication is immunoglobulin replacement. PMID:22288591

Gathmann, B; Binder, N; Ehl, S; Kindle, G

2012-01-01

171

NASA's Astromaterials Database: Enabling Research Through Increased Access to Sample Data, Metadata and Imagery  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Astromaterials Acquisition & Curation Office at NASA's Johnson Space Center (JSC) is the designated facility for curating all of NASA's extraterrestrial samples. Today, the suite of collections includes the lunar samples from the Apollo missions, cosmic dust particles falling into the Earth's atmosphere, meteorites collected in Antarctica, comet and interstellar dust particles from the Stardust mission, asteroid particles from Japan's Hayabusa mission, solar wind atoms collected during the Genesis mission, and space-exposed hardware from several missions. To support planetary science research on these samples, JSC's Astromaterials Curation Office hosts NASA's Astromaterials Curation digital repository and data access portal [http://curator.jsc.nasa.gov/], providing descriptions of the missions and collections, and critical information about each individual sample. Our office is designing and implementing several informatics initiatives to better serve the planetary research community. First, we are re-hosting the basic database framework by consolidating legacy databases for individual collections and providing a uniform access point for information (descriptions, imagery, classification) on all of our samples. Second, we continue to upgrade and host digital compendia that summarize and highlight published findings on the samples (e.g., lunar samples, meteorites from Mars). We host high resolution imagery of samples as it becomes available, including newly scanned images of historical prints from the Apollo missions. Finally we are creating plans to collect and provide new data, including 3D imagery, point cloud data, micro CT data, and external links to other data sets on selected samples. Together, these individual efforts will provide unprecedented digital access to NASA's Astromaterials, enabling preservation of the samples through more specific and targeted requests, and supporting new planetary science research and collaborations on the samples.

Evans, Cindy; Todd, Nancy

2014-01-01

172

Phenotypic Information in Genomic Variant Databases Enhances Clinical Care and Research: The ISCA Consortium Experience  

PubMed Central

Whole genome analysis, now including whole genome sequencing, is moving rapidly into the clinical setting, leading to detection of human variation on a broader scale than ever before. Interpreting this information will depend on the availability of thorough and accurate phenotype information, and the ability to curate, store, and access data on genotype-phenotype relationships. This idea has already been demonstrated within the context of chromosome microarray (CMA) testing. The International Standards for Cytogenomic Arrays (ISCA) Consortium promotes standardization of variant interpretation for this technology through its initiatives, including the formation of a publicly available database housing clinical CMA data. Recognizing that phenotypic data is essential for the interpretation of genomic variants, the ISCA Consortium has developed tools to facilitate the collection of this data and its deposition in a standardized, structured format within the ISCA Consortium database. This rich source of phenotypic data can also be used within broader applications, such as developing phenotypic profiles of emerging genomic disorders, the identification of candidate regions for particular phenotypes, or the creation of tools for use in clinical practice. We summarize the ISCA experience as a model for ongoing efforts incorporating phenotype data with genotype data to improve the quality of research and clinical care in human genetics. PMID:22331816

Riggs, Erin Rooney; Jackson, Laird; Miller, David T.; Van Vooren, Steven

2012-01-01

173

CottonGen: a genomics, genetics and breeding database for cotton research  

PubMed Central

CottonGen (http://www.cottongen.org) is a curated and integrated web-based relational database providing access to publicly available genomic, genetic and breeding data for cotton. CottonGen supercedes CottonDB and the Cotton Marker Database, with enhanced tools for easier data sharing, mining, visualization and data retrieval of cotton research data. CottonGen contains annotated whole genome sequences, unigenes from expressed sequence tags (ESTs), markers, trait loci, genetic maps, genes, taxonomy, germplasm, publications and communication resources for the cotton community. Annotated whole genome sequences of Gossypium raimondii are available with aligned genetic markers and transcripts. These whole genome data can be accessed through genome pages, search tools and GBrowse, a popular genome browser. Most of the published cotton genetic maps can be viewed and compared using CMap, a comparative map viewer, and are searchable via map search tools. Search tools also exist for markers, quantitative trait loci (QTLs), germplasm, publications and trait evaluation data. CottonGen also provides online analysis tools such as NCBI BLAST and Batch BLAST. PMID:24203703

Yu, Jing; Jung, Sook; Cheng, Chun-Huai; Ficklin, Stephen P.; Lee, Taein; Zheng, Ping; Jones, Don; Percy, Richard G.; Main, Dorrie

2014-01-01

174

Identifying clinical/translational research cohorts: ascertainment via querying an integrated multi-source database  

PubMed Central

Background Ascertainment of potential subjects has been a longstanding problem in clinical research. Various methods have been proposed, including using data in electronic health records. However, these methods typically suffer from scaling effects—some methods work well for large cohorts; others work for small cohorts only. Objective We propose a method that provides a simple identification of pre-research cohorts and relies on data available in most states in the USA: merged public health data sources. Materials and methods The Utah Population Database Limited query tool allows users to build complex queries that may span several types of health records, such as cancer registries, inpatient hospital discharges, and death certificates; in addition, these can be combined with family history information. The architectural approach incorporates several coding systems for medical information. It provides a front-end graphical user interface and enables researchers to build and run queries and view aggregate results. Multiple strategies have been incorporated to maintain confidentiality. Results This tool was rapidly adopted; since its release, 241 users representing a wide range of disciplines from 17 institutions have signed the user agreement and used the query tool. Three examples are discussed: pregnancy complications co-occurring with cardiovascular disease; spondyloarthritis; and breast cancer. Discussion and conclusions This query tool was designed to provide results as pre-research so that institutional review board approval would not be required. This architecture uses well-described technologies that should be within the reach of most institutions. PMID:23059733

Hurdle, John F; Haroldsen, Stephen C; Hammer, Andrew; Spigle, Cindy; Fraser, Alison M; Mineau, Geraldine P; Courdy, Samir J

2013-01-01

175

Current State and Research Trend in the Image Database Systems Peter L. Stanchev, David Green Jr.  

E-print Network

on the field of image database systems. Searching for the term "image databases" in the "Google" search engine of sunlight passing through a glass Mathematics and education in Mathematics, Borovez, 2002 (66-76). #12;prism

Stanchev, Peter

176

Using SDSS & GalaxyZoo Databases to Ask Research-able Questions in Learning Astronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using Galaxy Zoo1 at: http://zoo1.galaxyzoo.org/ accessing SDSS and a multi-phase backwards faded scaffolding approach, we first ask students to classify 30 galaxies and consider proposed conclusion: "most galaxies are elliptical” based on the evidence collected. Here, student attention is isolated from generating a question or even a data collection protocol, but focused on the issue of "does the evidence match the conclusion?” The next phase focuses on generating conclusions from evidence, whereas the previous phase was focused on evaluating conclusions. Students explain their reasoning provide evidence in response to "What conclusions and generalizations can you make from the following data collected by a student in terms of do spiral galaxies generally spin clockwise or anticlockwise given that one observes 36 spirals spinning clockwise, 21 spirals spinning anticlockwise, and 16 appearing to be edge-on or unclear.” Next, students are asked to consider what evidence needs to be collected in order to complete a scientific inquiry related to a given question. Students propose what evidence is needed in order to pursue, "What fraction of galaxies observed appear to be in the process of merging with other galaxies?” Note students are explicitly asked not to actually gather data as it detracts from developing an understanding of how data collection needs to be tightly aligned with the question. And, in practice, students can intellectually engage with a data collection plan that is simply too ominous to actually collect. By this point, students have extended experience with inquiry in this domain. Students are now ready to wrestle with creating a fruitful question. Students are tasked to design an answerable research question, propose a plan to pursue evidence, collect data using the present astronomical data base and create an evidence-based conclusion about the nature and or frequency of galaxies.

Slater, Timothy F.

2010-01-01

177

Research of VLR mobility database failure recovery and performance analysis for cdma2000 system  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a VLR database failure recovery scheme for cdma2000 system. We propose to backup the mobility database periodically. When failure occurs, VLR reloads the database from the backup file. However, if there is any new event (MS moving in or out) before recovery, the new information will not appear in the recovered VLR. The MS moving-in problem can

Caixia Liu; Dingjiu Yu; Honglin Qiu; Jiangxing Wu

2003-01-01

178

Searching biosignal databases by content and context: Research Oriented Integration System for ECG Signals (ROISES).  

PubMed

Technological advances in textile, biosensor and electrocardiography domain induced the wide spread use of bio-signal acquisition devices leading to the generation of massive bio-signal datasets. Among the most popular bio-signals, electrocardiogram (ECG) possesses the longest tradition in bio-signal monitoring and recording, being a strong and relatively robust signal. As research resources are fostered, research community promotes the need to extract new knowledge from bio-signals towards the adoption of new medical procedures. However, integrated access, query and management of ECGs are impeded by the diversity and heterogeneity of bio-signal storage data formats. In this scope, the proposed work introduces a new methodology for the unified access to bio-signal databases and the accompanying metadata. It allows decoupling information retrieval from actual underlying datasource structures and enables transparent content and context based searching from multiple data resources. Our approach is based on the definition of an interactive global ontology which manipulates the similarities and the differences of the underlying sources to either establish similarity mappings or enrich its terminological structure. We also introduce ROISES (Research Oriented Integration System for ECG Signals), for the definition of complex content based queries against the diverse bio-signal data sources. PMID:21397354

Kokkinaki, Alexandra; Chouvarda, Ioanna; Maglaveras, Nicos

2012-11-01

179

SyStemCell: A Database Populated with Multiple Levels of Experimental Data from Stem Cell Differentiation Research  

PubMed Central

Elucidation of the mechanisms of stem cell differentiation is of great scientific interest. Increasing evidence suggests that stem cell differentiation involves changes at multiple levels of biological regulation, which together orchestrate the complex differentiation process; many related studies have been performed to investigate the various levels of regulation. The resulting valuable data, however, remain scattered. Most of the current stem cell-relevant databases focus on a single level of regulation (mRNA expression) from limited stem cell types; thus, a unifying resource would be of great value to compile the multiple levels of research data available. Here we present a database for this purpose, SyStemCell, deposited with multi-level experimental data from stem cell research. The database currently covers seven levels of stem cell differentiation-associated regulatory mechanisms, including DNA CpG 5-hydroxymethylcytosine/methylation, histone modification, transcript products, microRNA-based regulation, protein products, phosphorylation proteins and transcription factor regulation, all of which have been curated from 285 peer-reviewed publications selected from PubMed. The database contains 43,434 genes, recorded as 942,221 gene entries, for four organisms (Homo sapiens, Mus musculus, Rattus norvegicus, and Macaca mulatta) and various stem cell sources (e.g., embryonic stem cells, neural stem cells and induced pluripotent stem cells). Data in SyStemCell can be queried by Entrez gene ID, symbol, alias, or browsed by specific stem cell type at each level of genetic regulation. An online analysis tool is integrated to assist researchers to mine potential relationships among different regulations, and the potential usage of the database is demonstrated by three case studies. SyStemCell is the first database to bridge multi-level experimental information of stem cell studies, which can become an important reference resource for stem cell researchers. The database is available at http://lifecenter.sgst.cn/SyStemCell/. PMID:22807998

Zeng, Lingyao; Sun, Jiehuan; Li, Wei; Sun, Han; He, Ying; Li, Jing; Zhang, Guoqing; Wang, Chuan; Li, Yixue; Xie, Lu

2012-01-01

180

SyStemCell: a database populated with multiple levels of experimental data from stem cell differentiation research.  

PubMed

Elucidation of the mechanisms of stem cell differentiation is of great scientific interest. Increasing evidence suggests that stem cell differentiation involves changes at multiple levels of biological regulation, which together orchestrate the complex differentiation process; many related studies have been performed to investigate the various levels of regulation. The resulting valuable data, however, remain scattered. Most of the current stem cell-relevant databases focus on a single level of regulation (mRNA expression) from limited stem cell types; thus, a unifying resource would be of great value to compile the multiple levels of research data available. Here we present a database for this purpose, SyStemCell, deposited with multi-level experimental data from stem cell research. The database currently covers seven levels of stem cell differentiation-associated regulatory mechanisms, including DNA CpG 5-hydroxymethylcytosine/methylation, histone modification, transcript products, microRNA-based regulation, protein products, phosphorylation proteins and transcription factor regulation, all of which have been curated from 285 peer-reviewed publications selected from PubMed. The database contains 43,434 genes, recorded as 942,221 gene entries, for four organisms (Homo sapiens, Mus musculus, Rattus norvegicus, and Macaca mulatta) and various stem cell sources (e.g., embryonic stem cells, neural stem cells and induced pluripotent stem cells). Data in SyStemCell can be queried by Entrez gene ID, symbol, alias, or browsed by specific stem cell type at each level of genetic regulation. An online analysis tool is integrated to assist researchers to mine potential relationships among different regulations, and the potential usage of the database is demonstrated by three case studies. SyStemCell is the first database to bridge multi-level experimental information of stem cell studies, which can become an important reference resource for stem cell researchers. The database is available at http://lifecenter.sgst.cn/SyStemCell/. PMID:22807998

Yu, Jian; Xing, Xiaobin; Zeng, Lingyao; Sun, Jiehuan; Li, Wei; Sun, Han; He, Ying; Li, Jing; Zhang, Guoqing; Wang, Chuan; Li, Yixue; Xie, Lu

2012-01-01

181

Fact Sheets on the European Union  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Presented by the European Parliament Directorate-General for Research, this site is a useful resource for courses on government or European studies. Fact sheets are divided into 6 categories: How the European Community works; Citizens Europe; The single market; Common policies; Economic and monetary union; and The Union's external relations. Each category contains several fact sheets on particular topics, and each fact sheet identifies the topic's legal basis, objectives, and achievements. Sample topics include: the institutions of economic and monetary union; common foreign and security policy; European Union institutions and bodies; and citizens of the Union and their rights. The site is available in both English and French.

1997-01-01

182

Is cancer associated with polymyalgia rheumatica? A cohort study in the General Practice Research Database  

PubMed Central

Objective To investigate the incidence of new cancer diagnoses in a community sample of patients with polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR). Methods All incident cases of PMR in the UK General Practice Research Database (GPRD) (1987–99), without pre-existing cancer or vascular disease and treated with corticosteroids (n=2877) were matched with up to five age, sex and GP practice patients without PMR (n=9942). Participants were followed up until first cancer diagnosis, death, transfer out of the database or end of available records. Results The mean age of the sample was 71.6?years (SD 9.0), 73% were female. Median follow-up time was 7.8?years (IQR 3.4, 12.3). 667 (23.2%) people with a PMR diagnosis developed cancer compared with 1938 (19.5%) of those without PMR. There was an interaction between PMR status and time. In the first 6?months after diagnosis, those with a PMR diagnosis were significantly more likely to receive a cancer diagnosis (adjusted HR (95% CI): 1.69 (1.18 to 2.42)). The number of events was small, but occurrences of prostate, blood, lymph nodes, female reproductive and nervous system cancers may be more common in those with PMR in the first 6?months after PMR diagnosis. Conclusions An increase in the rate of cancer diagnoses was noted in the first 6?months of observation, but we were unable to determine whether the cancer incidence in PMR was different from controls, beyond this time point. Clinicians should ensure they fully exclude cancer as a cause of PMR-like symptoms and monitor patients for possible malignancies. PMID:23842460

Muller, Sara; Hider, Samantha L; Belcher, John; Helliwell, Toby; Mallen, Christian D

2014-01-01

183

Using on-line and CD-ROM database archives as an adjunct to teaching survey research methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many undergraduate courses in research methods include a section on surveys. A number of practical issues can interfere with\\u000a the design and implementation of student survey research and often preclude the completion of well-designed survey studies.\\u000a This paper examines the use of on-line and CD-ROM databases as an alternative to student-designed survey instruments. Problems\\u000a faced by student survey researchers can

Douglas B. Eamon

2001-01-01

184

The Virtual Skeleton Database: An Open Access Repository for Biomedical Research and Collaboration  

PubMed Central

Background Statistical shape models are widely used in biomedical research. They are routinely implemented for automatic image segmentation or object identification in medical images. In these fields, however, the acquisition of the large training datasets, required to develop these models, is usually a time-consuming process. Even after this effort, the collections of datasets are often lost or mishandled resulting in replication of work. Objective To solve these problems, the Virtual Skeleton Database (VSD) is proposed as a centralized storage system where the data necessary to build statistical shape models can be stored and shared. Methods The VSD provides an online repository system tailored to the needs of the medical research community. The processing of the most common image file types, a statistical shape model framework, and an ontology-based search provide the generic tools to store, exchange, and retrieve digital medical datasets. The hosted data are accessible to the community, and collaborative research catalyzes their productivity. Results To illustrate the need for an online repository for medical research, three exemplary projects of the VSD are presented: (1) an international collaboration to achieve improvement in cochlear surgery and implant optimization, (2) a population-based analysis of femoral fracture risk between genders, and (3) an online application developed for the evaluation and comparison of the segmentation of brain tumors. Conclusions The VSD is a novel system for scientific collaboration for the medical image community with a data-centric concept and semantically driven search option for anatomical structures. The repository has been proven to be a useful tool for collaborative model building, as a resource for biomechanical population studies, or to enhance segmentation algorithms. PMID:24220210

Bonaretti, Serena; Pfahrer, Marcel; Niklaus, Roman; Buchler, Philippe

2013-01-01

185

[Analysis of the Hungarian participation in the 6th European Union Framework Programme for Research, Technological Development and Demonstration in the thematic priority area of the life sciences].  

PubMed

The European Union launched the 6th Framework Programme for Research, Technological Development and Demonstration in 2002. Initially, Hungary participated in the 6th Framework Programme as an associate member, but since 2004 it has taken part as a Member State. Besides mobilizing their own resources, research organizations entering winning bids to framework programme tenders enjoy considerable financial support from the European Union, while participating states also contribute to the costs of the cooperation from their national budgets. Therefore, it is very important to recognize and evaluate the achievements of domestic participation. By collecting, processing and analyzing available data, the authors evaluate the bid activity and the successfulness of Hungarian research organizations in the thematic priority area covering life sciences of the 6th Framework Programme. When judging success, the authors not only consider the level of Community financial contribution, but also the participation of Hungarian researchers in international research networks. The article contains an analysis of the submitted and supported works from various aspects such as by year, calls for bids, research fields etc. for projects in the implementation of which Hungarian partners were also involved. The authors present the cost settlement methodologies applied, and traditional and new project types. They analyse the activity of coordinators and outline European expectations with regard to the participation of small and medium-sized enterprises and women. One of the important objectives of the analysis is to draw conclusions so that participants will be able to adapt them during the 7th Framework Programme, 2007-2013. PMID:17631471

Pörzse, Gábor; Temesi, Alfréda

2007-07-22

186

The research of network database security technology based on web service  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Database technology is one of the most widely applied computer technologies, its security is becoming more and more important. This paper introduced the database security, network database security level, studies the security technology of the network database, analyzes emphatically sub-key encryption algorithm, applies this algorithm into the campus-one-card system successfully. The realization process of the encryption algorithm is discussed, this method is widely used as reference in many fields, particularly in management information system security and e-commerce.

Meng, Fanxing; Wen, Xiumei; Gao, Liting; Pang, Hui; Wang, Qinglin

2013-03-01

187

African Union  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As visitors enter this site, they will be presented with a collage of African nations coming together to form the entire continent, accompanied by the words âÂÂAfrica must unite.â It is a visually stimulating image, and one that sets the tone quite nicely for the content within. The site is the homepage of the African Union (AU), which was created in 1999 as part of a declaration from the Organisation of African Unity (OAU). While their mission is complex to say the least, their primary goal is to promote the âÂÂâ¦accelerated socio-economic integration of the continent, which will lead to greater unity and solidarity between African countries and peoples.â The site presents a cornucopia of material on their work, contained within sections titled âÂÂMember StatesâÂÂ, âÂÂConferences & EventsâÂÂ, and âÂÂDocumentsâÂÂ. One of the best places to start is the âÂÂNews and Eventsâ area, which contains a sampling of information on their recent work on gender equity, sustainable development, higher education systems, and so on. As might be expected, visitors can also browse through many of these materials in Arabic, French, and Portuguese.

188

Modeling plant-level industrial energy demand with the Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) database and the Longitudinal Research Database (LRD)  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses Phase 1 of a project to help the US Department of Energy determine the applicability of the Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS) database and the Longitudinal Research Database (LRD) for industrial modeling and analysis. Research was conducted at the US Bureau of the Census; disclosure of the MECS/LRD data used as a basis for this report was subject to the Bureau`s confidentiality restriction. The project is designed to examine the plant-level energy behavior of energy-intensive industries. In Phase 1, six industries at the four-digit standard industrial classification (SIC) level were studied. The utility of analyzing four-digit SIC samples at the plant level is mixed, but the plant-level structure of the MECS/LRD makes analyzing samples disaggregated below the four-digit level feasible, particularly when the MECS/LRD data are combined with trade association or other external data. When external data are used, the validity of using value of shipments as a measure of output for analyzing energy use can also be examined. Phase 1 results indicate that technical efficiency and the distribution of energy intensities vary significantly at the plant level. They also show that the six industries exhibit monopsony-like behavior; that is, energy prices vary significantly at the plant level, with lower prices being correlated with a higher level of energy consumption. Finally, they show to what degree selected energy-intensive products are manufactured outside their primary industry.

Boyd, G.A.; Neifer, M.J.; Ross, M.H.

1992-08-01

189

The European Court of Justice's decision regarding the Brüstle patent and its implications for the legality of stem cell research within the European Union.  

PubMed

In 2011 the European Court of Justice issued a decision regarding the patentability of technologies derived from human embryonic stem cells. The finding will have an impact on the framework of stem cell research within the European Union and its Member States and has already triggered several political initiatives regarding the funding of research with human embryonic stem cells on the European level as well as a renewed public debate. This article will take a short look at the case history and the findings of the court. It offers some critical comments regarding the findings' consistency with European and international regulations on intellectual property rights as well as some considerations on the possible impact of the case for other fields of law. PMID:24304076

Heyer, Martin; Spranger, Tade Matthias

2013-12-01

190

The Research Potential of the Electronic OED Database at the University of Waterloo: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the history and structure of the online database of the second edition of the Oxford English Dictionary (OED) and the software tools developed at the University of Waterloo to manipulate the unusually complex database. Four sample searches that indicate some types of problems that might be encountered are appended. (DB)

Berg, Donna Lee

1991-01-01

191

Intra-disciplinary differences in database coverage and the consequences for bibliometric research*  

E-print Network

-2Oct2008 Author manuscript, published in "Journal of the American Society for Information Science differences within two disciplines (economics and psychology). The point extends to include both the uneven and currency of the database(s). The qualitative aspects are partly about the inclusion of core journals

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

192

Patterns of Undergraduates' Use of Scholarly Databases in a Large Research University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Authentication data was utilized to explore undergraduate usage of subscription electronic databases. These usage patterns were linked to the information literacy curriculum of the library. The data showed that out of the 26,208 enrolled undergraduate students, 42% of them accessed a scholarly database at least once in the course of the entire…

Mbabu, Loyd Gitari; Bertram, Albert; Varnum, Ken

2013-01-01

193

Database Research Opportunities in Computer Games Walker White, Christoph Koch, Nitin Gupta, Johannes Gehrke, and Alan Demers  

E-print Network

; the typical American teenager spends at least an hour of every day play- ing a computer game [26]. In addition. The Entertainment Software Association estimates that computer and video game software sales in 2006 were $7Database Research Opportunities in Computer Games Walker White, Christoph Koch, Nitin Gupta

Gehrke, Johannes

194

State of the Unions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the corrupt leadership of two big-city teachers' unions, the Washington Teachers Union (WTU) and its Miami cousin, United Teachers of Dade (UTD), that took both unions to the brink of despair and financial ruin. While the feds were rifling through union files to build extensive criminal investigations, congress called Sandra…

Blair, Julie

2004-01-01

195

Genome databases  

SciTech Connect

Since the Genome Project began several years ago, a plethora of databases have been developed or are in the works. They range from the massive Genome Data Base at Johns Hopkins University, the central repository of all gene mapping information, to small databases focusing on single chromosomes or organisms. Some are publicly available, others are essentially private electronic lab notebooks. Still others limit access to a consortium of researchers working on, say, a single human chromosome. An increasing number incorporate sophisticated search and analytical software, while others operate as little more than data lists. In consultation with numerous experts in the field, a list has been compiled of some key genome-related databases. The list was not limited to map and sequence databases but also included the tools investigators use to interpret and elucidate genetic data, such as protein sequence and protein structure databases. Because a major goal of the Genome Project is to map and sequence the genomes of several experimental animals, including E. coli, yeast, fruit fly, nematode, and mouse, the available databases for those organisms are listed as well. The author also includes several databases that are still under development - including some ambitious efforts that go beyond data compilation to create what are being called electronic research communities, enabling many users, rather than just one or a few curators, to add or edit the data and tag it as raw or confirmed.

Courteau, J.

1991-10-11

196

DIP, the Database of Interacting Proteins: a research tool for studying cellular networks of protein interactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Database of Interacting Proteins (DIP: http:\\/\\/ dip.doe-mbi.ucla.edu) is a database that documents experimentally determined protein-protein inter- actions. It provides the scientific community with an integrated set of tools for browsing and extracting information about protein interaction networks. As of September 2001, the DIP catalogs ?11 000 unique inter- actions among 5900 proteins from >80 organisms; the vast majority from

Ioannis Xenarios; Lukasz Salwínski; Xiaoqun Joyce Duan; Patrick Higney; Sul-min Kim; David Eisenberg

2002-01-01

197

Comprehensive research synopsis and systematic meta-analyses in Parkinson's disease genetics: The PDGene database.  

PubMed

More than 800 published genetic association studies have implicated dozens of potential risk loci in Parkinson's disease (PD). To facilitate the interpretation of these findings, we have created a dedicated online resource, PDGene, that comprehensively collects and meta-analyzes all published studies in the field. A systematic literature screen of -27,000 articles yielded 828 eligible articles from which relevant data were extracted. In addition, individual-level data from three publicly available genome-wide association studies (GWAS) were obtained and subjected to genotype imputation and analysis. Overall, we performed meta-analyses on more than seven million polymorphisms originating either from GWAS datasets and/or from smaller scale PD association studies. Meta-analyses on 147 SNPs were supplemented by unpublished GWAS data from up to 16,452 PD cases and 48,810 controls. Eleven loci showed genome-wide significant (P < 5 × 10(-8)) association with disease risk: BST1, CCDC62/HIP1R, DGKQ/GAK, GBA, LRRK2, MAPT, MCCC1/LAMP3, PARK16, SNCA, STK39, and SYT11/RAB25. In addition, we identified novel evidence for genome-wide significant association with a polymorphism in ITGA8 (rs7077361, OR 0.88, P? =? 1.3 × 10(-8)). All meta-analysis results are freely available on a dedicated online database (www.pdgene.org), which is cross-linked with a customized track on the UCSC Genome Browser. Our study provides an exhaustive and up-to-date summary of the status of PD genetics research that can be readily scaled to include the results of future large-scale genetics projects, including next-generation sequencing studies. PMID:22438815

Lill, Christina M; Roehr, Johannes T; McQueen, Matthew B; Kavvoura, Fotini K; Bagade, Sachin; Schjeide, Brit-Maren M; Schjeide, Leif M; Meissner, Esther; Zauft, Ute; Allen, Nicole C; Liu, Tian; Schilling, Marcel; Anderson, Kari J; Beecham, Gary; Berg, Daniela; Biernacka, Joanna M; Brice, Alexis; DeStefano, Anita L; Do, Chuong B; Eriksson, Nicholas; Factor, Stewart A; Farrer, Matthew J; Foroud, Tatiana; Gasser, Thomas; Hamza, Taye; Hardy, John A; Heutink, Peter; Hill-Burns, Erin M; Klein, Christine; Latourelle, Jeanne C; Maraganore, Demetrius M; Martin, Eden R; Martinez, Maria; Myers, Richard H; Nalls, Michael A; Pankratz, Nathan; Payami, Haydeh; Satake, Wataru; Scott, William K; Sharma, Manu; Singleton, Andrew B; Stefansson, Kari; Toda, Tatsushi; Tung, Joyce Y; Vance, Jeffery; Wood, Nick W; Zabetian, Cyrus P; Young, Peter; Tanzi, Rudolph E; Khoury, Muin J; Zipp, Frauke; Lehrach, Hans; Ioannidis, John P A; Bertram, Lars

2012-01-01

198

Quakeline Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With information on more than 33,000 records, Quakeline is a bibliographic database for materials on earthquakes, earthquake engineering, and natural hazard mitigation. Hosted by the Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research (MCEER) Information Service, the database houses records for journal articles, conference papers, technical reports, maps, and videotapes. The MCEER Information Service actually possesses all of the documents cited in Quakeline. Instructions for ordering documents are included at the site.

199

Multimedia Databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

.  The rapidly growing interest in building multimedia tools and applications has created a need for the development of multimedia\\u000a database management systems (MMDBMSs) as a tool for efficient organization, storage and retrieval of multimedia objects. We\\u000a begin with a word about traditional database management systems (DBMSs). Then we present an overview of the MMDBMS research\\u000a issues, challenges, methods, models, and

Arcot Desai Narasimhalu

1996-01-01

200

Intermittent hypoxia research in the former soviet union and the commonwealth of independent States: history and review of the concept and selected applications.  

PubMed

This review aims to summarize the basic research in the field of intermittent hypoxia in the Soviet Union and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) that scientists in other Western countries may not be familiar with, since Soviet scientists were essentially cut off from the global scientific community for about 60 years. In the 1930s the concept of repeated hypoxic training was developed and the following induction methods were utilized: repeated stays at high-mountain camps for several weeks, regular high altitude flights by plane, training in altitude chambers, and training by inhalation of low-oxygen-gas mixtures. To the present day, intermittent hypoxic training (IHT) has been used extensively for altitude preacclimatization; for the treatment of a variety of clinical disorders, including chronic lung diseases, bronchial asthma, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, Parkinson's disease, emotional disorders, and radiation toxicity, in prophylaxis of certain occupational diseases; and in sports. The basic mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of IHT are mainly in three areas: regulation of respiration, free-radical production, and mitochondrial respiration. It was found that IHT induces increased ventilatory sensitivity to hypoxia, as well as other hypoxia-related physiological changes, such as increased hematopoiesis, alveolar ventilation and lung diffusion capacity, and alterations in the autonomic nervous system. Due to IHT, antioxidant defense mechanisms are stimulated, cellular membranes become more stable, Ca(2+) elimination from the cytoplasm is increased, and O(2) transport in tissues is improved. IHT induces changes within mitochondria, involving NAD-dependent metabolism, that increase the efficiency of oxygen utilization in ATP production. These effects are mediated partly by NO-dependent reactions. The marked individual variability both in animals and humans in the response to, and tolerance of, hypoxia is described. Studies from the Soviet Union and the CIS significantly contributed to the understanding of intermittent hypoxia and its possible beneficial effects and should stimulate further research in this direction in other countries. PMID:12162864

Serebrovskaya, Tatiana V

2002-01-01

201

Internet Based Open Access Crystallographic Databases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Two freely accessible crystallographic databases are discussed: the Crystallographic Open Database (COD, http://crystallography.net) which contains over 37,000 crystal structures, and the Nano-Crystallography Database (NCD, http://nanocrystallography.research.pdx.edu) which we recently started to support image-based nanocrystallography and (nano) materials science education. Both databases collect crystallographic relevant information in a standardized format; the Crystallographic Information File (CIF). CIF is the standard file format adopted by the International Union of Crystallography (http://iucr.org) for the archiving and distribution of crystallographic information. A subset of the COD, the Predicted Crystallographic Online Database, allows for 3D structural displays of structural polyhedra and wireframes of approximately 2,600 entries. Since electron microscopist are interested in simple, yet technologically important materials, the crystallographic information for those materials will be included in our database. At our NCD site, entries in the COD and the NCD can be visualized in three dimensions (3D) along with (2D) lattice fringe fingerprints plots. The latter supports the identification of unknown nanocrystal phases from high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) images. Morphological crystal information from the database ``Bestimmungstabellen f"ur Kristalle/ ???????????? ??????????,'' (A.K. Boldyrew and W.W. Doliwo-Dobrowolsky, Zentrales Wissenschaftlichers Institute der Geologie und Sch"urfung, Leningrad/ Moscow, 1937/1939) will also be included in the NCD to support image-based nanocrystallography in 3D.

Upreti, Girish; Seipel, Bjoern; Harvey, Morgan; Garrick, Will; Moeck, Peter

2006-05-01

202

ATGC: a database of orthologous genes from closely related prokaryotic genomes and a research platform for microevolution of prokaryotes  

SciTech Connect

The database of Alignable Tight Genomic Clusters (ATGCs) consists of closely related genomes of archaea and bacteria, and is a resource for research into prokaryotic microevolution. Construction of a data set with appropriate characteristics is a major hurdle for this type of studies. With the current rate of genome sequencing, it is difficult to follow the progress of the field and to determine which of the available genome sets meet the requirements of a given research project, in particular, with respect to the minimum and maximum levels of similarity between the included genomes. Additionally, extraction of specific content, such as genomic alignments or families of orthologs, from a selected set of genomes is a complicated and time-consuming process. The database addresses these problems by providing an intuitive and efficient web interface to browse precomputed ATGCs, select appropriate ones and access ATGC-derived data such as multiple alignments of orthologous proteins, matrices of pairwise intergenomic distances based on genome-wide analysis of synonymous and nonsynonymous substitution rates and others. The ATGC database will be regularly updated following new releases of the NCBI RefSeq. The database is hosted by the Genomics Division at Lawrence Berkeley National laboratory and is publicly available at http://atgc.lbl.gov.

Novichkov, Pavel S.; Ratnere, Igor; Wolf, Yuri I.; Koonin, Eugene V.; Dubchak, Inna

2009-07-23

203

Workshop report: Identifying opportunities for global integration of toxicogenomics databases, 26-27 June 2013, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA.  

PubMed

A joint US-EU workshop on enhancing data sharing and exchange in toxicogenomics was held at the National Institute for Environmental Health Sciences. Currently, efficient reuse of data is hampered by problems related to public data availability, data quality, database interoperability (the ability to exchange information), standardization and sustainability. At the workshop, experts from universities and research institutes presented databases, studies, organizations and tools that attempt to deal with these problems. Furthermore, a case study showing that combining toxicogenomics data from multiple resources leads to more accurate predictions in risk assessment was presented. All participants agreed that there is a need for a web portal describing the diverse, heterogeneous data resources relevant for toxicogenomics research. Furthermore, there was agreement that linking more data resources would improve toxicogenomics data analysis. To outline a roadmap to enhance interoperability between data resources, the participants recommend collecting user stories from the toxicogenomics research community on barriers in data sharing and exchange currently hampering answering to certain research questions. These user stories may guide the prioritization of steps to be taken for enhancing integration of toxicogenomics databases. PMID:25326818

Hendrickx, Diana M; Boyles, Rebecca R; Kleinjans, Jos C S; Dearry, Allen

2014-12-01

204

Adverse events recorded in English primary care: observational study using the General Practice Research Database  

PubMed Central

Background More accurate and recent estimates of adverse events in primary care are necessary to assign resources for improvement of patient safety, while predictors must be identified to ameliorate patient risk. Aim To determine the incidence of recorded iatrogenic harm in general practice and identify risk factors for these adverse events. Design and setting Cross-sectional sample of 74 763 patients at 457 English general practices between 1 January 1999 and 31 December 2008, obtained from the General Practice Research Database. Method Patient age at study entry, sex, ethnicity, deprivation, practice region, duration registered at practice, continuity of care, comorbidities, and health service use were extracted from the data. Adverse events were defined by Read Codes for complications of care (Chapters S, T, and U). Crude and adjusted analyses were performed by Poisson regression, using generalised estimating equations. Results The incidence was 6.0 adverse events per 1000 person-years (95% confidence interval [CI] = 5.74 to 6.27), equivalent to eight adverse events per 10 000 consultations (n = 2 540 877). After adjustment, patients aged 65–84 years (risk ratio [RR] = 5.62, 95% CI = 4.58 to 6.91; P<0.001), with the most consultations (RR = 2.14, 95% CI = 1.60 to 2.86; P<0.001), five or more emergency admissions (RR = 2.08, 95% CI = 1.66 to 2.60; P<0.001), or the most diseases according to expanded diagnosis clusters (RR = 8.46, 95% CI = 5.68 to 12.6; P<0.001) were at greater risk of adverse events. Patients registered at their practice for the longest periods of time were less at risk of an adverse event (RR = 0.40, 95% CI = 0.35 to 0.47; P<0.001). Conclusion The low incidence of recorded adverse events is comparable with other studies. Temporal sequencing of risk factors and case ascertainment would benefit from data triangulation. Future studies may explore whether first adverse events predict future incidents. PMID:23972194

Tsang, Carmen; Bottle, Alex; Majeed, Azeem; Aylin, Paul

2013-01-01

205

Students' Union / Introduction Representation and advice / Students' Union Students' Union  

E-print Network

offers: � clubs and societies � social activities � live music and comedy � advice and support of Students (NUS), to which UBU is affiliated. Keep up to date with the Students' Union news, events

Bristol, University of

206

International Union of Pure and Applied Physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP) was established in 1922. The aims of the Union are to stimulate and promote international cooperation in physics; to promote international agreements on other use of symbols, units, nomenclature and standards; to foster free circulation of scientists; and to encourage research and education.

2009-05-22

207

Guide to European Legal Databases  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The New York University (NYU) Law School Reference Librarian For International and Foreign Law, Mirela Roznovschi, has prepared this excellent Guide to European Legal Databases. The Guide offers recommendations for search engines and search tips/strategies for researching foreign law topics. Visitors will find the annotated list of European Websites useful for finding constitutional, copyright, and environmental laws (many laws listed by country). Also referenced in the Guide are sites covering the laws of Austria, Belgium, Denmark, England, France, Germany, Italy, Norway, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the Council of Europe, and the European Union. A section entitled Indices, Guides, Journals, Dictionaries, Library Catalogs covers consolidated resource guides and notable collections, to facilitate further research efforts.

208

FlashDB: Dynamic Self-tuning Database for NAND Flash Microsoft Research  

E-print Network

mobile devices such as PDA's, cell-phones, music players, and personal exercise monitors. These devices-27, 2007, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA. Copyright 2007 ACM 978-1-59593-638-7/07/0004 ...$5.00. example can benefit from a having light weight database. Our objective is to design storage and retrieval

Jiang, Anxiao "Andrew"

209

Data-Based Consultation Case Study: Adaptations of Researched Best Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a pilot program implemented in San Juan to keep mildly handicapped and at-risk students in mainstream classrooms by providing collaborative consultation services through a school-site team approach, using data-based instruction to measure student progress in reading and social behavior change. (Author/PB)

Givens-Ogle, Louise; And Others

1989-01-01

210

Successful Keyword Searching: Initiating Research on Popular Topics Using Electronic Databases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students are using electronic resources more than ever before to locate information for assignments. Without the proper search terms, results are incomplete, and students are frustrated. Using the keywords, key people, organizations, and Web sites provided in this book and compiled from the most commonly used databases, students will be able to…

MacDonald, Randall M.; MacDonald, Susan Priest

211

Research Topics in Statistical and Scientific Database Management: the IV SSDBM  

Microsoft Academic Search

The papers presented at the IV SSDBM describe the different results reached in the context of Statistical and Scientific Database Management. In addition to the traditional topics (e.g., data model, physical organization and data retrieval, user interface and security) new topics emerged which appear to be growing in importance. Those include temporal data, statistical knowledge based decision support systems, geographical

Maurizio Rafanelli

1988-01-01

212

Heart 'omics' in AGEing (HOMAGE): design, research objectives and characteristics of the common database  

PubMed Central

Abstract Heart failure is common in older people and its prevalence is increasing. The Heart ‘omics’ in AGEing (HOMAGE) project aims to provide a biomarker approach that will improve the early diagnosis of heart failure. A large clinical database, based on (1) prospective population studies or (2) cross-sectional, prospective studies or randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of patients at risk for or with overt cardiovascular disease will be constructed to determine most promising ‘omics’-based biomarkers to identify the risk of developing heart failure and/or comorbidities. Population studies, patient cohorts and RCTs are eligible for inclusion in the common database, if they received ethical approval to obtain and share data and have baseline information on cardiovascular risk factors. Currently, the HOMAGE database includes 43,065 subjects, from 20 studies in eight European countries, including healthy subjects from three population studies in France, Belgium and Italy (n ?=? 7,124), patients with heart failure (n ?=? 4,312) from four cohorts in the UK, Spain and Switzerland and patients at high risk for cardiovascular disease (n ?=? 31,629) in 13 cohorts. It is anticipated that more partners will join the consortium and enlarge the pooled data. This large merged database will be a useful resource with which to identify candidate biomarkers that play a role in the mechanism underlying the onset and progression of heart failure. PMID:25332706

Jacobs, Lotte; Thijs, Lutgarde; Jin, Yu; Zannad, Faiez; Mebazaa, Alexandre; Rouet, Philippe; Pinet, Florence; Bauters, Christophe; Pieske, Burkert; Tomaschitz, Andreas; Mamas, Mamas; Diez, Javier; McDonald, Kenneth; Cleland, John G. F.; Rocca, Hans-Peter Brunner-La; Heymans, Stephane; Latini, Roberto; Masson, Serge; Sever, Peter; Delles, Christian; Pocock, Stuart; Collier, Timothy; Kuznetsova, Tatiana; Staessen, Jan A

2014-01-01

213

MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA DATABASE DEVELOPMENT AND RESEARCH TO POPULATE THE DOE KNOWLEDGE BASE  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this work is to update, analyze, and document data for the Middle East and North Africa regions in order to provide accurate input to the DOE's Knowledge Base system. Specifically, we aim to provide assessments and comparison of different geophysical databases, such as Moho and basement maps, for the region of study, in an effort to document

Muawia Barazangi; Dogan Seber; Eric Sandvol; Francisco Gomez; Christine Sandvol; Carrie Brindisi

214

Spatial Databases: Accomplishments and Research Needs S. Shekhar, S. Chawla, S. Ravada  

E-print Network

­relational database management system [6, 32]. The performance enhancement provided by these systems includes a multi integrated circuits, the design of an automobile or the molecular structure of a pharmaceutical drug its functionality and its performance. The impetus for improving functionality comes from the needs

Shekhar, Shashi

215

D Digital Model Database Applied to Conservation and Research of Wooden Construction in China  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Protected by the Tai-Hang Mountains, Shanxi Province, located in north central China, is a highly prosperous, densely populated valley and considered to be one of the cradles of Chinese civilization. Its continuous habitation and rich culture have given rise to a large number of temple complexes and pavilions. Among these structures, 153 can be dated as early as from the Tang dynasty (618- 907C.E.) to the end of the Yuan dynasty (1279-1368C.E.) in Southern Shanxi area. The buildings are the best-preserved examples of wooden Chinese architecture in existence, exemplifying historic building technology and displaying highly intricate architectural decoration and detailing. They have survived war, earthquakes, and, in the last hundred years, neglect. In 2005, a decade-long conservation project was initiated by the State Administration of Cultural Heritage of China (SACH) to conserve and document these important buildings. The conservation process requires stabilization, conservation of important features, and, where necessary, partial dismantlement in order to replace unsound structural elements. Project team of CHCC have developed a practical recording system that created a record of all building components prior to and during the conservation process. After that we are trying to establish a comprehensive database which include all of the 153 earlier buildings, through which we can easily entering, browse, indexing information of the wooden construction, even deep into component details. The Database can help us to carry out comparative studies of these wooden structures, and, provide important support for the continued conservation of these heritage buildings. For some of the most important wooden structure, we have established three-dimensional models. Connected the Database with 3D Digital Model based on ArcGIS, we have developed 3D Digital Model Database for these cherish buildings. The 3D Digital Model Database helps us set up an integrate information inventory for wooden structure with their similar types in China, and; makes it much easier to carry out survey of these structures at any stage for the purpose of structure monitor. Large amounts of data in the wooden structure can be intuitively expressed graphically to show its spatial distribution; and we can make comprehensive assessment of the component group by observe the spatial pattern, or evaluate the whole building damage through the database. The most interesting is that, with the development of mobile terminal equipment, the 3D Digital Model Database of Wooden Structure can be displayed in virtual exhibition easily via the internet by them.

Zheng, Y.

2013-07-01

216

International Union Against Cancer (UICC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

International Union Against Cancer is devoted exclusively to all aspects of the worldwide fight against cancer. Its objectives are to advance scientific and medical knowledge in research, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of cancer and to promote all other aspects of the campaign against cancer throughout the world. Particular emphasis is placed on professional and public education.

1997-01-01

217

Databases and Geographical Information Systems at the research/teaching interface: palaeoclimate proxies, freshwater biodiversity and the OMEGA project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Mutual Ostracod Temperature Range (MOTR) method provides Quaternary palaeotemperature range estimates based on fossil ostracod assemblages calibrated using modern distributional databases and climate data. Over the past five years, aspects of the development and application of the MOTR method have been incorporated into undergraduate teaching in two second-year modules (Global Environmental Change and Digital Worlds: Cartography, Geographical Information Systems and Modelling) via lectures and practical exercises. Consequently, several students became sufficiently interested and enthused to undertake successful major projects aimed at developing, testing and applying aspects of the method, leading in turn to postgraduate work on the same topic in two cases and in a third case to co-authorship of a research publication. Thus both research and teaching have benefited from the integration of an innovative geoscience application with undergraduate coursework. The scope of MOTR applications is being expanded from European to global via the Ostracod Metadatabase of Environmental and Geographical Attributes (OMEGA) project; the current focus is on harmonising North American and European datasets, supported by the EU-funded (FP7) BioFresh project which is building a global information platform with access to all available databases of freshwater biodiversity. Undergraduate participation will be sought to underpin a Citizen Science initiative aimed at checking, correcting and validating the geographic referencing of species' records in the databases, using datasets exported as Keyhole Markup Language files for use in Google Earth.

Horne, David

2013-04-01

218

The Research of Embedded Linux and SQLite Database Application in the Intelligent Monitoring System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Lab Intelligent Monitoring System based on S3C2440 ARM microprocessor and embedded Linux has been designed to accomplish the remote monitoring of the parameters and video images of environment in the Laboratory. The embedded database SQLite manages the data collected by sensor networks. A system program based on Qt\\/Embedded and Linux drivers realizes the local management of environmental data. Build

Liu Yang; Heming Pang; Linying Jiang; Kun Yue

2010-01-01

219

Event detection using population-based health care databases in randomized clinical trials: a novel research tool in interventional cardiology  

PubMed Central

Aim To describe a new research tool, designed to reflect routine clinical practice and relying on population-based health care databases to detect clinical events in randomized clinical trials. Background Randomized clinical trials often focus on short-term efficacy and safety in a controlled environment. Trial follow-up may be linked with study-related investigations and differ from routine clinical practice. Because treatment and control in randomized trials differ from daily practice, trial results may have reduced general applicability and may be of limited value in clinical decision-making. Further, it is economically very costly to conduct randomized clinical trials. Methods and results Population-based health care databases collect data continuously and prospectively, and make it possible to monitor lifelong outcomes of cardiac interventions in large numbers of patients. This strengthens external validity by eliminating the effects of study-related monitoring or diagnostic tests. Further, follow-up data can be obtained at low expense. Importantly, data sources encompassing a complete population are likely to reflect clinical practice. Because population-based health care databases collect data for quality-control and administrative purposes unrelated to scientific investigations, certain biases, such as nonresponse bias, recall bias, and bias from losses to follow-up, can be avoided. Conclusion Event detection using population-based health care databases is a new research tool in interventional cardiology that may allow large, low-cost, randomized clinical trials to reflect daily clinical practice, covering a broad range of patients and end points with complete lifelong follow-up. PMID:24068874

Thuesen, Leif; Jensen, Lisette Okkels; Tilsted, Hans Henrik; Maeng, Michael; Terkelsen, Christian; Thayssen, Per; Ravkilde, Jan; Christiansen, Evald H?j; B?tker, Hans Erik; Madsen, Morten; Lassen, Jens F

2013-01-01

220

The Evolution of Legislation in the Field of Medically Assisted Reproduction and Embryo Stem Cell Research in European Union Members  

PubMed Central

Medically Assisted Reproduction (MAR), involving in vitro fertilisation (IVF), and research on embryos have created expectation to many people affected by infertility; at the same time it has generated a surplus of laws and ethical and social debates. Undoubtedly, MAR represents a rather new medical field and constant developments in medicine and new opportunities continue to defy the attempt to respond to those questions. In this paper, the authors reviewed the current legislation in the 28 EU member states trying to evaluate the different legislation paths adopted over the last 15 years and highlighting those EU countries with no specific legislation in place and MAR is covered by a general health Law and those countries in which there are no laws in this field but only “guidelines.” The second aim of this work has been to compare MAR legislation and embryo research in EU countries, which derive from different origins ranging from an extremely prohibitive approach versus a liberal one, going through a cautious regulatory approach. PMID:25147794

Busardo, Francesco Paolo; Napoletano, Simona; Zaami, Simona; Frati, Paola

2014-01-01

221

The Impact of Teacher Unions on Student Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The overall impact of unions and collective bargaining agreements on student achievement has produced a literature with decidedly mixed results. Unions are seen to have both positive and negative influences on a teachers' ability to perform the teaching act. This study researches the impact of unions on state level student achievement, controlling…

Fenster, Mark J.

2009-01-01

222

Learning, Labour and Union Learning Representatives: Promoting Workplace Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The initiative by the Trades Union Congress (TUC) and affiliated trade unions in the UK to appoint trade union learning representatives (ULRs), to promote learning among their members, is a significant development in adult learning. Understandably, the initiative has attracted the attention of academic researchers, but primarily from the…

Ball, Malcolm

2011-01-01

223

Construction of a rice glycoside hydrolase phylogenomic database and identification of targets for biofuel research  

PubMed Central

Glycoside hydrolases (GH) catalyze the hydrolysis of glycosidic bonds in cell wall polymers and can have major effects on cell wall architecture. Taking advantage of the massive datasets available in public databases, we have constructed a rice phylogenomic database of GHs (http://ricephylogenomics.ucdavis.edu/cellwalls/gh/). This database integrates multiple data types including the structural features, orthologous relationships, mutant availability, and gene expression patterns for each GH family in a phylogenomic context. The rice genome encodes 437 GH genes classified into 34 families. Based on pairwise comparison with eight dicot and four monocot genomes, we identified 138 GH genes that are highly diverged between monocots and dicots, 57 of which have diverged further in rice as compared with four monocot genomes scanned in this study. Chromosomal localization and expression analysis suggest a role for both whole-genome and localized gene duplications in expansion and diversification of GH families in rice. We examined the meta-profiles of expression patterns of GH genes in twenty different anatomical tissues of rice. Transcripts of 51 genes exhibit tissue or developmental stage-preferential expression, whereas, seventeen other genes preferentially accumulate in actively growing tissues. When queried in RiceNet, a probabilistic functional gene network that facilitates functional gene predictions, nine out of seventeen genes form a regulatory network with the well-characterized genes involved in biosynthesis of cell wall polymers including cellulose synthase and cellulose synthase-like genes of rice. Two-thirds of the GH genes in rice are up regulated in response to biotic and abiotic stress treatments indicating a role in stress adaptation. Our analyses identify potential GH targets for cell wall modification. PMID:23986771

Sharma, Rita; Cao, Peijian; Jung, Ki-Hong; Sharma, Manoj K.; Ronald, Pamela C.

2013-01-01

224

Challenges of molecular nutrition research 6: the nutritional phenotype database to store, share and evaluate nutritional systems biology studies.  

PubMed

The challenge of modern nutrition and health research is to identify food-based strategies promoting life-long optimal health and well-being. This research is complex because it exploits a multitude of bioactive compounds acting on an extensive network of interacting processes. Whereas nutrition research can profit enormously from the revolution in 'omics' technologies, it has discipline-specific requirements for analytical and bioinformatic procedures. In addition to measurements of the parameters of interest (measures of health), extensive description of the subjects of study and foods or diets consumed is central for describing the nutritional phenotype. We propose and pursue an infrastructural activity of constructing the "Nutritional Phenotype database" (dbNP). When fully developed, dbNP will be a research and collaboration tool and a publicly available data and knowledge repository. Creation and implementation of the dbNP will maximize benefits to the research community by enabling integration and interrogation of data from multiple studies, from different research groups, different countries and different-omics levels. The dbNP is designed to facilitate storage of biologically relevant, pre-processed-omics data, as well as study descriptive and study participant phenotype data. It is also important to enable the combination of this information at different levels (e.g. to facilitate linkage of data describing participant phenotype, genotype and food intake with information on study design and-omics measurements, and to combine all of this with existing knowledge). The biological information stored in the database (i.e. genetics, transcriptomics, proteomics, biomarkers, metabolomics, functional assays, food intake and food composition) is tailored to nutrition research and embedded in an environment of standard procedures and protocols, annotations, modular data-basing, networking and integrated bioinformatics. The dbNP is an evolving enterprise, which is only sustainable if it is accepted and adopted by the wider nutrition and health research community as an open source, pre-competitive and publicly available resource where many partners both can contribute and profit from its developments. We introduce the Nutrigenomics Organisation (NuGO, http://www.nugo.org) as a membership association responsible for establishing and curating the dbNP. Within NuGO, all efforts related to dbNP (i.e. usage, coordination, integration, facilitation and maintenance) will be directed towards a sustainable and federated infrastructure. PMID:21052526

van Ommen, Ben; Bouwman, Jildau; Dragsted, Lars O; Drevon, Christian A; Elliott, Ruan; de Groot, Philip; Kaput, Jim; Mathers, John C; Müller, Michael; Pepping, Fre; Saito, Jahn; Scalbert, Augustin; Radonjic, Marijana; Rocca-Serra, Philippe; Travis, Anthony; Wopereis, Suzan; Evelo, Chris T

2010-09-01

225

Microgravity Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The European Space Agencies (ESA) Microgravity Database "gives scientists access to information regarding all experiments carried out on ESA and NASA missions by European scientists since the 1960s." Users choose from a physical or life sciences query form, then can search by experiment and investigators, mission and facility, publications and source, and more. Results provide the mission name, data, payload, research subject, publication information, an abstract, and any other available facts or related links. A very intuitive and well designed database, visitors should appreciate its unique and extensive content.

2000-01-01

226

Do Strong Unions Shape District Policies? Collective Bargaining, Teacher Contract Restrictiveness, and the Political Power of Teachers' Unions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A substantial amount of school district policy is set in the collective bargaining agreements (CBAs) negotiated between teachers' unions and districts. Although previous studies have assumed that CBA provisions bargained by unions are a primary mechanism connecting union strength to outcomes for teachers and students, research has not yet…

Strunk, Katharine O.; Grissom, Jason A.

2010-01-01

227

The importance of total genome databases in research on Akoya pearl oyster.  

PubMed

Pearl is the most valuable form of gem made by organisms and its beauty has been considered attractive and precious by people all over the world. Pearl oyster aquaculture system, in which a graft from the mantle pallium is transplanted with a nucleus into mother pearl oysters, is currently conducted at the industrial level. However, it is unclear what molecular mechanisms are involved in this system of pearl formation, which produces brilliant and beautiful nacreous layers. Since it takes long time to look for the proteins and genes possibly participating in the molluskan shell formation, another sophisticated strategy has been expected to screen candidate genes. One breakthrough in the latter area was the development of next-generation sequencing (NGS) in place of the automated Sanger method, the first generation sequencing technique. Using NGS, expressed sequence tag (EST) libraries were constructed from pallial mantle and pearl sac, which form the nacreous layer, and from the mantle edge, which forms the prismatic layer in the Akoya pearl oyster Pinctada fucata. Subsequently, the total genome sequence of the Akoya pearl oyster was analyzed. This database, together with the EST database mentioned above, is useful for identifying genes responsible for superior phenotype characters for pearl oyster aquaculture such as fast growth, disease resistance, easy domestication, and ability to produce high quality pearls. Subsequent marker-assisted breeding of the Akoya pearl oyster should establish strains with superior genotypes, producing even higher quality Akoya pearls. PMID:24125641

Watabe, Shugo

2013-10-01

228

ENZYME: Enzyme Nomenclature Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Recently updated, the ENZYME: Enzyme Nomenclature Database is based mainly on recommendations by the Nomenclature Committee of the International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (IUBMB) and "describes each type of characterized enzyme for which an EC (Enzyme Commission) number has been provided." An online user manual describes how to access and use the database, which may be searched by EC number, enzyme class, official description or alternative name(s), chemical compound, or cofactor. Typical returns include Names, Reaction catalyzed, Comments, Human Genetic Diseases, and a host of hyperlinked cross-references. ENZYME is provided by the Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics.

229

Propulsion System Airframe Integration Issues and Aerodynamic Database Development for the Hyper-X Flight Research Vehicle  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Hyper-X Research Vehicle will provide a unique opportunity to obtain data on an operational airframe integrated scramjet propulsion system at true flight conditions. The airframe integrated nature of the scramjet engine with the Hyper-X vehicle results in a strong coupling effect between the propulsion system operation and the airframe s basic aerodynamic characteristics. Comments on general airframe integrated scramjet propulsion system effects on vehicle aerodynamic performance, stability, and control are provided, followed by examples specific to the Hyper-X research vehicle. An overview is provided of the current activities associated with the development of the Hyper-X aerodynamic database, including wind tunnel test activities and parallel CFD analysis efforts. A brief summary of the Hyper-X aerodynamic characteristics is provided, including the direct and indirect effects of the airframe integrated scramjet propulsion system operation on the basic airframe stability and control characteristics.

Engelund, Walter C.; Holland, Scott D.; Cockrell, Charles E., Jr.; Bittner, Robert D.

1999-01-01

230

Immediate Dissemination of Student Discoveries to a Model Organism Database Enhances Classroom-Based Research Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Use of inquiry-based research modules in the classroom has soared over recent years, largely in response to national calls for teaching that provides experience with scientific processes and methodologies. To increase the visibility of in-class studies among interested researchers and to strengthen their impact on student learning, we have…

Wiley, Emily A.; Stover, Nicholas A.

2014-01-01

231

Center for Addressing Health Disparities through Research and Education Mentor / Mentee and Project Database  

E-print Network

1 Center for Addressing Health Disparities through Research and Education ­ Mentor / Mentee.......................................................................................................19 #12;3 Abstract The Center for Addressing Health Disparities through Research and Education (CAHDRE) works to disseminate information regarding health disparities. CAHDRE has created a mentor program

Mock, Kenrick

232

Huntington's Disease and its therapeutic target genes: a global functional profile based on the HD Research Crossroads database  

PubMed Central

Background Huntington’s disease (HD) is a fatal progressive neurodegenerative disorder caused by the expansion of the polyglutamine repeat region in the huntingtin gene. Although the disease is triggered by the mutation of a single gene, intensive research has linked numerous other genes to its pathogenesis. To obtain a systematic overview of these genes, which may serve as therapeutic targets, CHDI Foundation has recently established the HD Research Crossroads database. With currently over 800 cataloged genes, this web-based resource constitutes the most extensive curation of genes relevant to HD. It provides us with an unprecedented opportunity to survey molecular mechanisms involved in HD in a holistic manner. Methods To gain a synoptic view of therapeutic targets for HD, we have carried out a variety of bioinformatical and statistical analyses to scrutinize the functional association of genes curated in the HD Research Crossroads database. In particular, enrichment analyses were performed with respect to Gene Ontology categories, KEGG signaling pathways, and Pfam protein families. For selected processes, we also analyzed differential expression, using published microarray data. Additionally, we generated a candidate set of novel genetic modifiers of HD by combining information from the HD Research Crossroads database with previous genome-wide linkage studies. Results Our analyses led to a comprehensive identification of molecular mechanisms associated with HD. Remarkably, we not only recovered processes and pathways, which have frequently been linked to HD (such as cytotoxicity, apoptosis, and calcium signaling), but also found strong indications for other potentially disease-relevant mechanisms that have been less intensively studied in the context of HD (such as the cell cycle and RNA splicing, as well as Wnt and ErbB signaling). For follow-up studies, we provide a regularly updated compendium of molecular mechanism, that are associated with HD, at http://hdtt.sysbiolab.eu Additionally, we derived a candidate set of 24 novel genetic modifiers, including histone deacetylase 3 (HDAC3), metabotropic glutamate receptor 1 (GRM1), CDK5 regulatory subunit 2 (CDK5R2), and coactivator 1ß of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARGC1B). Conclusions The results of our study give us an intriguing picture of the molecular complexity of HD. Our analyses can be seen as a first step towards a comprehensive list of biological processes, molecular functions, and pathways involved in HD, and may provide a basis for the development of more holistic disease models and new therapeutics. PMID:22741533

2012-01-01

233

Labor Unions and the Internet  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Cornell University librarians Suzanne Cohen and Deborah Joseph prepared this extensive guide to labor union information on the Internet as part of a Catherwood Library Labor/ Management Outreach Program. An eloquent introduction explains the importance of the Internet as a networking and research tool for labor organizations, and over 20 annotated webliographies guide users to online directories, statistics, company information, newsletters, and collective bargaining legal links, among other resources.

234

Toward Building a Comprehensive H-alpha Database for Space Weather Research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the support of the Solar-Terrestrial Program of National Science Foundation, we are currently carrying out a project to digitize 26 years' film observations (1969-1995) at the Big Bear Solar Observatory (BBSO). The total number of H-alpha images with pixel resolution of 1 arc second is estimated to be 10 million. Despite some limitations of the film data format, the long-term coverage and high quality of the BBSO data with a nominal cadence of 1 minute will have broad applications for statistical as well as morphological studies. We will present and analyze sample digitized full-disk as well as high-resolution H-alpha images. In addition to the effort of restoring historical H-alpha data, we are currently operating the Global H-alpha Network (GHN), which is an international collaboration synthesizing data from nine observing stations for round-the-clock monitoring of solar activity. The entire set of full-disk film data will eventually be combined with more recent data from GHN to create a comprehensive synoptic database, comprising valuable information of solar filaments and flares spanning a period of 4 solar cycles. Using these data, we are carrying out statistical and case studies of flares, filaments and their eruptions, filament oscillations, new flux emergence, as well as solar cycle variation of solar activity and differential rotation. These works are supported by NSF grants ATM 08-49453 and 08-39216.

Liu, Chang; Liu, R.; Xu, Y.; Wang, H.

2010-05-01

235

[Unionization on Campus].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This newsletter issue considers in separate articles: (1) unionization in 1981 among college faculty in the United States; (2) unionization at the California State University and College System (CSU) (by Lisa Flanzraich); (3) multi-year agreements; (4) contract size; (5) and, in "Yeshivawatch," developments pertaining to the National Labor…

Douglas, Joel M., Ed.

1982-01-01

236

Economics of Monetary Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ninth edition of Economics of Monetary Union provides a concise analysis of the theories and policies relating to monetary union. The author analyses both the costs and benefits associated with having one currency, as well as the practical workings and current issues with the Euro. In Part One the author examines the implications of adopting a common currency; assessing

Paul De Grauwe

237

Economic and Monetary Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this lecture I will not be concerned with either the timetable or the mechanics of the transition from national currencies to full monetary union. Rather, I propose to deal with three topics - the economic rationale for monetary union, the type of EMU which the Maastricht Treaty is likely to produce and whether Ireland should participate if the UK

D-R Thom

1997-01-01

238

Economics of Monetary Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economics of Monetary Union enables students to gain a firm understanding of the theories and policies relating to monetary unions. The author analyses the costs and benefits associated with having one currency, as well as the practical workings and current issues involved with the Euro. Recent global events are addressed in this new edition and coverage of the credit crisis

239

Teacher Unions 101  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher unions are hard to miss in the news lately. Newspapers, blogs, social media posts, magazine articles, and political speeches abound with talk of them. Teacher unions are a hot topic and one that probably was not covered in college classes. The noisy back-and-forth among partisans can be both mind-numbing and confusing, often creating a…

Koppich, Julia E.

2012-01-01

240

Unions, Contractors and CTE  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Across Illinois, in places where unions thrive, construction industry professionals and career and technical education (CTE) teachers are working together in promoting work-based learning program to students. Likewise, the outreach program provides union-supported contractors with qualified candidates for future employment. Programs such as the…

Jarosz, Francesca

2006-01-01

241

Students' Union Richmond Building  

E-print Network

Weekend opening Cafe Vending machine All study spaces have wi-fi, computers, and photocopiersVictoria Rooms Students' Union Richmond Building Bristol Grammar School BBC Coa Royal Fort Gardens Victoria Rooms Students' Union Richmond Building Bristol Grammar School BBC Wills Memorial Building Coa

Mottram, Nigel

242

Students' Union Richmond Building  

E-print Network

/Printer Scanner Wi-fi Wheelchair access 24/7 Late opening Weekend opening Cafe Vending machine 12 miles southVictoria Rooms Students' Union Richmond Building Bristol Grammar School BBC Coa Royal Fort Gardens Victoria Rooms Students' Union Richmond Building Bristol Grammar School BBC Wills Memorial Building Coa

Subramanian, Sriram

243

Levels of Annotation for a Welsh Speech Database for Phonetic Research Briony Williams  

E-print Network

and Cornish, and more distantly to Irish and Scottish Gaelic. Welsh as a separate language dates from about of Europe, little acoustic phonetic research has been carried out on Welsh. The SpeechDat project is making

Edinburgh, University of

244

Open-access MIMIC-II database for intensive care research  

E-print Network

The critical state of intensive care unit (ICU) patients demands close monitoring, and as a result a large volume of multi-parameter data is collected continuously. This represents a unique opportunity for researchers ...

Lee, Joon

245

UNION BOARD History of the Union Board  

E-print Network

entertainment, concerts, the Miss Tech Pageant, Spring Fling, its annual Talent Show, comedians, dances, Publicity, Miss Tech, Midnight Magic, Fall Fling, Spring Fling, & Talent Show. The Union Board also has SGA Folds. Talent Show UB's annual Talent Show showcases Tech's campus talent who compete for a $500 first

Selmic, Sandra

246

Djeen (Database for Joomla!'s Extensible Engine): a research information management system for flexible multi-technology project administration  

PubMed Central

Background With the advance of post-genomic technologies, the need for tools to manage large scale data in biology becomes more pressing. This involves annotating and storing data securely, as well as granting permissions flexibly with several technologies (all array types, flow cytometry, proteomics) for collaborative work and data sharing. This task is not easily achieved with most systems available today. Findings We developed Djeen (Database for Joomla!’s Extensible Engine), a new Research Information Management System (RIMS) for collaborative projects. Djeen is a user-friendly application, designed to streamline data storage and annotation collaboratively. Its database model, kept simple, is compliant with most technologies and allows storing and managing of heterogeneous data with the same system. Advanced permissions are managed through different roles. Templates allow Minimum Information (MI) compliance. Conclusion Djeen allows managing project associated with heterogeneous data types while enforcing annotation integrity and minimum information. Projects are managed within a hierarchy and user permissions are finely-grained for each project, user and group. Djeen Component source code (version 1.5.1) and installation documentation are available under CeCILL license from http://sourceforge.net/projects/djeen/files and supplementary material. PMID:23742665

2013-01-01

247

Gypsy moths: Pest control research. (Latest citations from the Life Sciences Collection database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning control and research regarding gypsy moths or lymantria dispar. Both natural and synthetic controls are discussed, including parasites, viral diseases, fungal diseases, bird predation, bacterial diseases, pheromone trapping, insecticides, and physical and chemical localized protection. Laboratory and field studies on sex pheromones, environmental effects on life cycles, effects of feeding behavior, plant-insect interactions, and other research relating to the control of this forest pest are considered. (Contains 250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1993-06-01

248

The Cerebral Blood Flow Biomedical Informatics Research Network (CBFBIRN) database and analysis pipeline for arterial spin labeling MRI data.  

PubMed

Arterial spin labeling (ASL) is a magnetic resonance imaging technique that provides a non-invasive and quantitative measure of cerebral blood flow (CBF). After more than a decade of active research, ASL is now emerging as a robust and reliable CBF measurement technique with increased availability and ease of use. There is a growing number of research and clinical sites using ASL for neuroscience research and clinical care. In this paper, we present an online CBF Database and Analysis Pipeline, collectively called the Cerebral Blood Flow Biomedical Informatics Research Network (CBFBIRN) that allows researchers to upload and share ASL and clinical data. In addition to serving the role as a central data repository, the CBFBIRN provides a streamlined data processing infrastructure for CBF quantification and group analysis, which has the potential to accelerate the discovery of new scientific and clinical knowledge. All capabilities and features built into the CBFBIRN are accessed online using a web browser through a secure login. In this work, we begin with a general description of the CBFBIRN system data model and its architecture, then devote the remainder of the paper to the CBFBIRN capabilities. The latter part of our work is divided into two processing modules: (1) Data Upload and CBF Quantification Module; (2) Group Analysis Module that supports three types of analysis commonly used in neuroscience research. To date, the CBFBIRN hosts CBF maps and associated clinical data from more than 1,300 individual subjects. The data have been contributed by more than 20 different research studies, investigating the effect of various conditions on CBF including Alzheimer's, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depression, traumatic brain injury, HIV, caffeine usage, and methamphetamine abuse. Several example results, generated by the CBFBIRN processing modules, are presented. We conclude with the lessons learned during implementation and deployment of the CBFBIRN and our experience in promoting data sharing. PMID:24151465

Shin, David D; Ozyurt, I Burak; Liu, Thomas T

2013-01-01

249

Introduction to Department of Defense Center for Prostate Disease Research Multicenter National Prostate Cancer Database, and analysis of changes in the PSA-era  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Center for Prostate Disease Research (CPDR) database was developed to standardize the clinical procedures for patients with carcinoma of the prostate (CaP), and support retrospective and prospective studies on CaP within the military health care system. METHODS: A set of clinical forms recording diagnosis, treatments, follow-up, and necropsy information for CaP management was developed. A relational database with about

Leon Sun; Kevin Gancarczyk; Edmond L Paquette; David G McLeod; Christopher Kane; Leo Kusuda; Raymond Lance; Judy Herring; John Foley; Dalton Baldwin; Jay T Bishoff; Douglas Soderdahl; Hongyu Wu; Linda Xu; Judd W Moul

2001-01-01

250

“How Obvious”: Personal reflections on the database of educational psychology and effective teaching research  

Microsoft Academic Search

From a personal perspective, the author reflects upon the notion that many research findings appear falsely to possess the quality of being “obvious”. Specific attention is given to the topic of teacher effectiveness. The feeling that findings are obvious can be related to the following: the false consensus effect, self?serving cognition, hindsight bias, base?rate neglect, illusory correlations, and the fundamental

Gregory C. R. Yates

2005-01-01

251

Good Research Practices for Comparative Effectiveness Research: Defining, Reporting and Interpreting Nonrandomized Studies ofTreatment Effects Using Secondary Data Sources: The ISPOR Good Research Practices for Retrospective Database AnalysisTask Force Report—Part I  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: Health insurers, physicians, and patients worldwide need information on the comparative effectiveness and safety of prescription drugs in routine care. Nonrandomized studies of treatment effects using secondary databases may supplement the evidence based from randomized clinical trials and prospective observational studies. Recognizing the chal- lenges to conducting valid retrospective epidemiologic and health services research studies, a Task Force was

Marc L. Berger; Muhammad Mamdani; David Atkins; Michael L. Johnson; Michael E. DeBakey

252

Research on an expert system for database operation of simulation-emulation math models. Volume 1, Phase 1: Results  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results of the first phase of Research on an Expert System for Database Operation of Simulation/Emulation Math Models, is described. Techniques from artificial intelligence (AI) were to bear on task domains of interest to NASA Marshall Space Flight Center. One such domain is simulation of spacecraft attitude control systems. Two related software systems were developed to and delivered to NASA. One was a generic simulation model for spacecraft attitude control, written in FORTRAN. The second was an expert system which understands the usage of a class of spacecraft attitude control simulation software and can assist the user in running the software. This NASA Expert Simulation System (NESS), written in LISP, contains general knowledge about digital simulation, specific knowledge about the simulation software, and self knowledge.

Kawamura, K.; Beale, G. O.; Schaffer, J. D.; Hsieh, B. J.; Padalkar, S.; Rodriguez-Moscoso, J. J.

1985-01-01

253

O Campo da Odontologia Social: Pesquisas Indexadas no Medline em 1997-1998 Studies on Social Dentistry: Researches Reported to the Medline Database in 1997-1998  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have surveyed through the world wide web researches published between 1997 and 1998 in scientific journals integrated to the MEDLINE database, kept by the United States National Library of Medicine. We collected 150 studies from different countries, which were performed by 337 researchers and were published in 71 journals. These studies were read and classified by several characteristics. We

José Leopoldo Ferreira Antunes; Virgínia Aparecida Trigueiro; Sirlei Pires Terra

254

Developing an On-Line Astro101 Module to Mine a Research Database  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present an on-line module that helps introductory-level, non-science undergraduates extract information about neutron star binary star systems from X-ray light curves. The students interface directly with the High Energy Astrophysics Science Archive Research Center (HEASARC) data through CollegeHera. Hera is a new service offered by HEASARC that enables complete interactive analysis of archived data products (see the separate Lochner

B. Hufnagel; J. C. Lochner; W. H. Howard II

2004-01-01

255

Pathway: Using a State-of-the-Art Digital Video Database for Research and Development in Teacher Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

To demonstrate how state-of-the-art video databases can address issues related to the lack of preparation of many physics teachers, we have created the prototype Physics Teaching Web Advisory (Pathway). Pathway's Synthetic Interviews and related video materials are beginning to provide pre-service and out-of-field in-service teachers with much-needed professional development and well-prepared teachers with new perspectives on teaching physics. The prototype was limited to a demonstration of the systems. Now, with an additional grant we will extend the system and conduct research and evaluation on its effectiveness. This project will provide virtual expert help on issues of pedagogy and content. In particular, the system will convey, by example and explanation, contemporary ideas about the teaching of physics and applications of physics education research. The research effort will focus on the value of contemporary technology to address the continuing education of teachers who are teaching in a field in which they have not been trained.

Adrian, Brian W.; Zollman, Dean A.; Stevens, Scott M.

2009-07-13

256

CBS Databases  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This major reference center for mycologists traces its existence back to 1903. Now an institute of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, CBS (Centraalbureau voor Schimmelcultures) continues to maintain and distribute one of the largest collections of living fungi in the world. With over 35,000 strains, "the collection contains representatives of virtually all fungal groups that can be cultured." Users can currently search six databases containing over 72,000 strains of fungi, yeasts, and bacteria held at CBS or other institutions. Each database offers several search options, such as by Species Name, Strain Number, or Properties of species/ strains. Search returns include Species, Variety, relevant Literature, Strain Number, Origin, History, and Form of Supply. The site also offers articles in HTML and .pdf format, information on current research themes and projects, strain ordering information, and an image gallery.

257

Algaline Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Maintained by the Finnish Institute of Marine Research and several other institutions, the Algaline Database offers updated reports on the conditions of phytoplankton and related parameters in the Baltic Sea. The reports, which vary in length and detail (though most are brief), summarize measurements of Oxygen, Salinity, Temperature, Nutrients, Harmful substances, Plankton, Zooplankton, Benthic Animals, Flow, and Other measurements. In addition, the Maps and Figures section offers numerous color images (including satellite) of Baltic Sea conditions and marine organisms. To access reports by geographic subregion of the Baltic, head to the Reports section. Finally, the Latest News section keeps researchers abreast of changing conditions (e.g., algal blooms) and research cruises in the Baltic. For researchers or anyone else wanting in-depth information on a host of ecological parameters for the Baltic Sea, this is an excellent reference site.

258

Unionization: boon or bane?  

PubMed

Again, you only get a union if you deserve one, and you get the union you deserve. Collective bargaining in a professional milieu indicates an unhealthy environment, is incredibly cumbersome, and--perhaps most concerning--is phenomenally expensive, as measured in terms of fiscal resources, human resources, and energies. Moreover, time lost in collective bargaining reduces institutional flexibility and responsiveness. But more important, the collective bargaining process imposes an additional administrative layer and extra legal and contract implementation fees and adds mistrust into a professional setting that requires total trust along with professional competence. Thus, resources are diverted that could be better devoted to excellent patient care and professional salaries. The process of maintaining a union-free environment is well worth the effort. In the end, administration, nursing personnel, and, most important, patient care are positively impacted by an open, flexible environment. In short, within a healthy union-free environment, everyone wins! PMID:2066821

Fenner, K M

1991-06-01

259

Independent unions and the merger  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examines the independent unions in the U.S., or the unions unaffiliated with the American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO). Types of independent unions; Effect of AFL-CIO merger on railroad unions; Role of the United Mine Workers and John L. Lewis in the expansion of the labor movement. (Abstract copyright EBSCO.)

Philip Taft

1956-01-01

260

75 FR 17083 - Fiduciary Duties at Federal Credit Unions; Mergers and Conversions of Insured Credit Unions...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Federal Credit Unions; Mergers and Conversions of Insured Credit Unions; Correction...Federal credit unions and mergers and conversions of insured credit unions. The proposed...Federal Credit Unions; Mergers and Conversions of Insured Credit Unions) in the...

2010-04-05

261

Database Security: A Historical Perspective  

E-print Network

The importance of security in database research has greatly increased over the years as most of critical functionality of the business and military enterprises became digitized. Database is an integral part of any information system and they often hold sensitive data. The security of the data depends on physical security, OS security and DBMS security. Database security can be compromised by obtaining sensitive data, changing data or degrading availability of the database. Over the last 30 years the information technology environment have gone through many changes of evolution and the database research community have tried to stay a step ahead of the upcoming threats to the database security. The database research community has thoughts about these issues long before they were address by the implementations. This paper will examine the different topics pertaining to database security and see the adaption of the research to the changing environment. Some short term database research trends will be ascertained ...

Lesov, Paul

2010-01-01

262

An open-database of Grape Harvest dates for climate research: data description and quality assessment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a dataset of grape harvest dates (GHD) series that has been compiled from international and non-translated French and Spanish literature and from unpublished documentary sources from public organizations and from wine-growers. As of June 2011, this GHD dataset comprises 378 series mainly from France (93% of the data) as well as series from Switzerland, Italy, Spain and Luxembourg. The series have variable length and contain gaps of variable sizes. The longest and most complete ones are from Burgundy, Switzerland, Southern Rhône valley, Jura and Ile-de-France. The GHD series were grouped into 27 regions according to their location, to geomorphological and geological criteria, and to past and present grape varieties. The GHD regional composite series (GHD-RCS) were calculated and compared pairwise to assess the quality of the series. Significant (p-value < 0.001) and strong correlations exist between most of them. As expected, the correlations tended to be higher when the vineyards are closer, the highest correlation (R = 0.91) being obtained between the High Loire Valley and the Ile-de-France GHD-RCS. The strong dependence of vine cycle on temperature and, therefore, the strong link between GHD and the temperature of the growing season was also used to test the quality of the GHD series. The strongest correlations are obtained between the GHD-RCS and the temperature series of the nearest weather stations. Moreover, the GHD-RCS/temperature correlation maps show spatial patterns similar to temperature correlation maps. The stability of the correlations over time is explored. The most striking feature is their generalized deterioration at the late 19th-early 20th turning point. The possible effects on the GHD of the phylloxera crisis, which took place at this time, are discussed. The median of the standardized GHD-RCS was calculated. The distribution of the extreme years of this general synthetic series is not homogenous. Extremely late years all occur during a two-century long time-window from the early 17th to the early 19th century, while extremely early years are frequent during the 16th and since the mid-19th century. The dataset is made accessible for climate research through the Internet. It should allow a variety of climate studies, including reconstructions of atmospheric circulation over Western Europe.

Daux, V.; Garcia de Cortazar-Atauri, I.; Yiou, P.; Chuine, I.; Garnier, E.; Ladurie, E. Le Roy; Mestre, O.; Tardaguila, J.

2011-11-01

263

Buffmap Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Institut National de Recherche Agronomique (France) provides online databases of genomes for several organisms, including Buffalo. The database is updated as more data become available, and provide records on loci, genes, microsatellites, polymorphisms, probes, enzymes, homologue loci, alleles, primers, references, and links to external databases. Instructions for submitting data to the databases are provided on-site.

264

Recent advances in the utility and use of the General Practice Research Database as an example of a UK Primary Care Data resource  

PubMed Central

Since its inception in the mid-1980s, the General Practice Research Database (GPRD) has undergone many changes but remains the largest validated and most utilised primary care database in the UK. Its use in pharmacoepidemiology stretches back many years with now over 800 original research papers. Administered by the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency since 2001, the last 5 years have seen a rebuild of the database processing system enhancing access to the data, and a concomitant push towards broadening the applications of the database. New methodologies including real-world harm–benefit assessment, pharmacogenetic studies and pragmatic randomised controlled trials within the database are being implemented. A substantive and unique linkage program (using a trusted third party) has enabled access to secondary care data and disease-specific registry data as well as socio-economic data and death registration data. The utility of anonymised free text accessed in a safe and appropriate manner is being explored using simple and more complex techniques such as natural language processing. PMID:25083228

van Staa, Tjeerd; Puri, Shivani; Eaton, Susan

2012-01-01

265

Proceedings of Student-Faculty Research Day, CSIS, Pace University, May 2nd Data Mining on a Mushroom Database  

E-print Network

on a Mushroom Database Clara Eusebi, Cosmin Gliga, Deepa John, Andre Maisonave Seidenberg School of CSIS, Pace to increase the accuracy of machine learning. To this end, the study will use a nominal data set, the Mushroom Database, and the data mining tool Weka. Various data mining algorithms are used against the Mushroom

Tappert, Charles

266

Providing Database Services in a Nationwide Research Organisation--Coexistence of Traditional Information Services and a Modern CD-ROM/Online Hybrid Solution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the past two decades the central Information Retrieval Services of the Max Planck Society has been providing database searches for scientists in Max Planck Institutes and Research Groups throughout Germany. As a supplement to traditional search services offered by professional intermediaries, they have recently fostered the introduction of a…

Bowman, Benjamin F.

267

Nanotechnology Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored by the National Science Foundation and housed at the Loyola College in Maryland's International Technology Research Institute the Nanotechnology Database is a source of online information on major research centers, funding agencies, major reports, and books dealing with nanotechnology. The resources listed here are carefully selected and reviewed. The site is expected to grow with the continued support and updates from organizations and individuals in the field of nanotechnology. The list of resources is divided into the following categories: Academic, Industry, Government Laboratories, Government Agencies, Professional Societies, Non-Profit Organizations, Books, Periodicals, Reports, and Conferences. Each listing provides a brief summary (taken from that Website) and hyperlink to the resource (note: the book list links mostly take users to online booksellers). A submission form allows users to add a relevant organization or publication.

2001-01-01

268

Rainfall Simulation Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The British Geomorphological Research Group maintains this rainfall simulation database site. The database includes information about rainfall simulators, as well as their set-up and use. Currently, the database is divided into laboratory, field, and dual-purpose (lab and field) rainfall simulators. For each simulator in the database, users will find information on: "Simulator identification; Contact information; Specification of simulator; performance of simulator; Table of intensities and rainfall characteristics; Costs; Summary of research conducted using the simulator; Publications; and Additional comments." A section on simulation calibration is planned, and a form is provided for those wishing to contribute simulators to the database. A lengthy selection of related references adds to the utility of the database.

269

Women in Politics: Bibliographic Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This bibliographic database currently holds 650 titles of recent works concerned with women in politics. A new addition to the Inter-Parliamentary Union's "Democracy through Partnership between Men and Women in Politics" site, "it provides bibliographic references to books, reports and journal articles on all aspects of women's participation in political life worldwide." The search mechanism allows users to specify type of document, geographic region, publishing organization, subject matter, author, title of periodical, and year of publication. Alternatively, there is also a subject keyword search. For more information about the Inter-Parliamentary Union Website, see the December 12, 1997 Scout Report.

270

Alaska Geothermal Sites Map and Database: Bringing together legacy and new geothermal data for research, exploration and development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Geothermal exploration activities in Alaska from the late 1970s into the 1980s generated vast quantities of scientific data that currently is in unpublished, forgotten and obscure, as well as published formats. Alaska has 61 hot springs (hotter than 50°C) and 34 'warm to cool springs' (cooler than 50°C). Thirty-seven thermal springs are located within the Aleutian and Alaska Peninsula volcanic arc into and are related to elevated heat flows in areas of arc volcanism as well as crustal scale faults associated with accretionary tectonism. The central interior belt that extends from the Seward Peninsula to Circle Hot Springs contains 37 thermal springs that formed due to mostly extensional tectonic forces. An additional 17 thermal springs are in southeast Alaska and 4 are in the Wrangell Mountains. A new cycle of geothermal exploration is underway in Alaska and is producing a wealth of new geothermal data. The Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys (ADGGS), funded by the National Geothermal Data System, is compiling both new and legacy geothermal data into a comprehensive database accessible on the ADGGS website. ADGGS has created a new ';Geothermal Sites of Alaska Map' and associated database that includes data on geothermal hot springs, direct use of geothermal resources, volcanic vents, aqueous geochemistry, borehole temperatures, core descriptions, rock chemistry, earthquakes in proximity to hot springs, and active faults. Geothermal hot springs includes locality, temperature, flow rate, sources and related resources. Direct use of geothermal resources contains facilities, capacity, energy use, temperature, flow rate and contact information from geothermal hot springs that are or have recently been used for recreational use, space heating, agricultural or energy use. Volcanic vents records 395 volcanic vents and fumaroles throughout the state that are Holocene or younger. It includes their age, location, elevation, geologic history, composition, and information source. Aqueous geochemistry, a compilation of aqueous chemistry, free gas and isotopes analyses. Aqueous geochemical analyses consist of 407 aqueous geochemical analyses from 85 geothermal sites throughout Alaska. This template also includes 106 free gas analyses from 31 geothermal sites. Isotopic analyses (285) of waters from 42 geothermal sites are also contained in this geochemical data. Borehole temperature data from geothermal, and oil and gas wells are presented along with thermal depth profiles where available. Earthquakes in proximity to hot springs consists of 1,975 earthquakes that are within 5 km of thermal hot springs and may be used to detect underground movement of thermal waters. Active faults comprises active faults across Alaska (1,527) including fault type, location, orientation and slip rate. Additionally, a new comprehensive and searchable Alaska geothermal bibliography, with links to downloadable reference sources was created during this study. The completed Alaska geothermal sites map and database will be accessible to the public and industry and will enable research and development of geothermal sites in Alaska.

Clough, J. G.; Harun, N. T.; Hughes, C. A.; Weakland, J. R.; Cameron, C. E.

2013-12-01

271

POW/MIA Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

POW/MIA Database. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.: This database assists researchers investigating the U.S. government documents pertaining to U.S. military personnel killed, missing, or imprisoned in Southeast Asia during or after the American involvement in the Vietnam Conflict. The database is searchable by last name, country name, service branch, or keywords, and copies of desired documents may be obtained from the Library of Congress.

272

Memorial Union Territorial Hall  

E-print Network

Coffman Memorial Union Comstock Hall Territorial Hall Frontier Hall Pioneer Hall Johnston Hall to the Freshman Admissions Welcome Center Walk west from the ramp on 4th Street S.E. to 15th Ave. S.E. Take a left the front entrance and proceed to the top floor. Stairs are near the west entrance (directly in front

Amin, S. Massoud

273

Economic and Monetary Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper assesses the costs and benefits of monetary union in Europe. It is argued that neither the costs nor the benefits are in principle likely to be as great as critics and proponents respectively have suggested. Fis al issues are, it is argued, likely to be far more significant. Fiscal federalism is by no means a necessary corollary of

C Bean

1992-01-01

274

Nebraska Union Board Application 2013 Nebraska Union Board Application  

E-print Network

The Nebraska Union Board, composed of students, faculty and staff is a participant in Union policy of the University of Nebraska- Lincoln not to discriminate based on gender, age, disability, race, color, religion The Nebraska Union Board consists of sixteen (16) members: Twelve (12) students elected. Two (2) UNL Faculty

Farritor, Shane

275

New Roles for Teachers Unions? Reform Unionism in School Decentralization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Of late, teachers unions have worked together with district management in new and notable ways. This paper examines the role of teachers unions in shaping the Together Initiative (TI), which seeks to increase autonomy and broaden decision making in urban schools in one northeastern state. In general, state-level union leaders have taken more…

Donaldson, Morgaen L.; Mayer, Anysia P.; Cobb, Casey D.; LeChasseur, Kimberly; Welton, Anjale

2013-01-01

276

Experiencing patriarchy: Women, work and trade unionism at Eaton's  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research tested the applicability of Sylvia Walby's theoretical model of patriarchy to a case study of women working and unionizing at the T. Eaton Co. The focus was on the two time periods 1947-1952 and 1984-86 when a unionization drive was underway at Eaton's. In depth interviewing was conducted with over ninety participants in the events. Support was found

Sandra Elizabeth Aylward

1991-01-01

277

The Burke Library Archives At Union Theological Seminary, New York  

E-print Network

in the Library of the Pan American Union, Washington, D.C. July 1, 1938. 1 12 Theological EducationThe Burke Library Archives At Union Theological Seminary, New York Missionary Research Library Archives: Section 9 Finding Aid for Latin American Miscellaneous Papers, 1925-1956 Finding Aid prepared by

Salzman, Daniel

278

AgeFactDB--the JenAge Ageing Factor Database--towards data integration in ageing research.  

PubMed

AgeFactDB (http://agefactdb.jenage.de) is a database aimed at the collection and integration of ageing phenotype data including lifespan information. Ageing factors are considered to be genes, chemical compounds or other factors such as dietary restriction, whose action results in a changed lifespan or another ageing phenotype. Any information related to the effects of ageing factors is called an observation and is presented on observation pages. To provide concise access to the complete information for a particular ageing factor, corresponding observations are also summarized on ageing factor pages. In a first step, ageing-related data were primarily taken from existing databases such as the Ageing Gene Database--GenAge, the Lifespan Observations Database and the Dietary Restriction Gene Database--GenDR. In addition, we have started to include new ageing-related information. Based on homology data taken from the HomoloGene Database, AgeFactDB also provides observation and ageing factor pages of genes that are homologous to known ageing-related genes. These homologues are considered as candidate or putative ageing-related genes. AgeFactDB offers a variety of search and browse options, and also allows the download of ageing factor or observation lists in TSV, CSV and XML formats. PMID:24217911

Hühne, Rolf; Thalheim, Torsten; Sühnel, Jürgen

2014-01-01

279

A Biological Model of Unions  

E-print Network

This paper applies principles from evolutionary biology to the study of unions. We show that unions that implement the preferred wage and organizing policies of workers will be displaced in evolutionary competition by ...

Kremer, Michael

280

Ionic Liquids Database- (ILThermo)  

National Institute of Standards and Technology Data Gateway

SRD 147 Ionic Liquids Database- (ILThermo) (Web, free access)   IUPAC Ionic Liquids Database, ILThermo, is a free web research tool that allows users worldwide to access an up-to-date data collection from the publications on experimental investigations of thermodynamic, and transport properties of ionic liquids as well as binary and ternary mixtures containing ionic liquids.

281

Occupational exposure to carcinogens in the European Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVESTo construct a computer assisted information system for the estimation of the numbers of workers exposed to established and suspected human carcinogens in the member states of the European Union (EU).METHODSA database called CAREX (carcinogen exposure) was designed to provide selected exposure data and documented estimates of the number of workers exposed to carcinogens by country, carcinogen, and industry. CAREX

Timo Kauppinen; Jouni Toikkanen; David Pedersen; Randy Young; Wolfgang Ahrens; Paolo Boffetta; Johnni Hansen; Hans Kromhout; Jeronimo Maqueda Blasco; Dario Mirabelli; Victoria de la Orden-Rivera; Brian Pannett; Nils Plato; Anja Savela; Raymond Vincent; Manolis Kogevinas

2000-01-01

282

Effort Gap Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Maintained by the Biological Resources Research Center (BRRC) at the University of Nevada, Reno, the Effort Gap Database organizes information on biological research efforts in the Great Basin. Users may search the database (by multiple topics) for current and past projects, or they may add new information to the database. Typical returns provide information such as project title, scientific goals, available data, Principal Investigators, temporal and spatial scale of research, habitats in study area, types of organisms, source of funding, and finished products. Designed as an interactive Web application to allow and encourage researchers to share research foci and learn about other conservation biology projects in Nevada, this database is an excellent example of how to facilitate collaboration across multiple ecological scales and agencies.

283

Backing up DMF Databases  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A complete backup of the Cray Data Migration Facility (DMF) databases should include the data migration databases, all media specific process' (MSP's) databases, and the journal file. The backup should be able to accomplished without impacting users or stopping DMF. The High Speed Processors group at the Numerical Aerodynamics Simulation (NAS) Facility at NASA Ames Research Center undertook the task of finding an effective and efficient way to backup all DMF databases. This has been accomplished by taking advantage of new features introduced in DMF 2.0 and adding a minor modification to the dmdaemon. This paper discusses the investigation and the changes necessary to implement these enhancements.

Cardo, Nicholas P.; Woodrow, Thomas (Technical Monitor)

1994-01-01

284

Biofuel Database  

National Institute of Standards and Technology Data Gateway

Biofuel Database (Web, free access)   This database brings together structural, biological, and thermodynamic data for enzymes that are either in current use or are being considered for use in the production of biofuels.

285

Union Formation and Stability in Fragile Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

A vast number of studies have examined the predictors of marriage and marital dissolution, and more recent studies have explored entry into and exit from cohabiting unions. At the same time, much attention has been paid to the rise in nonmarital childbearing and single motherhood. Yet, far less is known about a topic at the intersection of these two research

Marcia J. Carlson; Sara McLanahan; Paula England

2002-01-01

286

Economic and Monetary Union in Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book provides a comprehensive account and analysis of the plan for European monetary union contained in the Maastricht Treaty. The provisions of the treaty itself are examined, showing how they evolved, what must be done to implement them, and some of the problems they will pose. Kenen goes far beyond the treaty, however, to survey and adapt recent research

Peter B. Kenen

1995-01-01

287

The Process of Entering into Cohabiting Unions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over one half of young adults have lived or will live with a partner before marriage. Many studies indicate that the majority of cohabitors plan to marry their partners, yet research examining relationship progression is rare. This article deciphers the processes underlying entrance into informal unions. Data are from 25 open-ended interviews with…

Sassler, Sharon

2004-01-01

288

Union Members Are Community Members  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Unions serve their members' interests. But union members are also community members, and their interests go well beyond increasing pay and benefits. A local union president has found that his members are best served by participating in a community-wide coalition. Providing eyeglasses to needy students, promoting healthy eating, and increasing…

Gray, David

2013-01-01

289

Trade Unions and Financial Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the relationship between trade unions and financial performance using British establishment-level data. The authors estimate the average overall impact of manual union recognition in 1990 to be roughly half what it was in 1984. They report results suggesting that in 1990 unionized establishments have lower financial performance only where there are closed shop arrangements and the establishments

Stephen Machin; Mark Stewart

1996-01-01

290

Repartnering after First Union Disruption  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from the 1995 General Social Survey (N= 2,639), this study examines two competing repartnering choices made by Canadians after first union disruption: marriage or cohabitation. About 42% of women and 54% of men form a second union 5 years after union disruption, with cohabitation being the most prevalent choice. The timing of second…

Wu, Zheng; Schimmele, Christoph M.

2005-01-01

291

RWC Music Database: Popular, Classical and Jazz Music Databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the design policy and specifications of the RWC Music Database , a music database (DB) that is available to researchers for common use and research purposes. Various com- monly available DBs have been built in other research fields and have made a significant contribution to the research in those fields. The field of musical information processing, however,

Masataka Goto; Hiroki Hashiguchi; Takuichi Nishimura; Ryuichi Oka

2002-01-01

292

Database forensics  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the user or surface level, most Database Management System (DBMS) are similar. Most databases contain multiple tables, a standardized query language, primary key, foreign key, referential integrity, and metadata. With regard to physical file structures, concurrency mechanisms, security mechanisms, query optimization and datawarehouse techniques, databases may be radically different from each other. Most Forensic tools are too time consuming

Mario A. M. Guimaraes; Richard Austin; Huwida Said

2010-01-01

293

Database Administrator  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Internet and electronic commerce (e-commerce) generate lots of data. Data must be stored, organized, and managed. Database administrators, or DBAs, work with database software to find ways to do this. They identify user needs, set up computer databases, and test systems. They ensure that systems perform as they should and add people to the…

Moore, Pam

2010-01-01

294

Hippocratic Databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Hippocratic Oath has guided the conduct of physicians for centuries. Inspired by its tenet of preserving privacy, we argue that future database systems must include responsibility for the pri- vacy of data they manage as a founding tenet. We enunciate the key privacy principles for such Hip- pocratic database systems. We propose a straw- man design for Hippocratic databases,

Rakesh Agrawal; Jerry Kiernan; Ramakrishnan Srikant; Yirong Xu

2002-01-01

295

IMPROVING DATABASE DESIGN TEACHING IN SECONDARY EDUCATION  

E-print Network

Review Copy IMPROVING DATABASE DESIGN TEACHING IN SECONDARY EDUCATION: ACTION RESEARCH Education, University of Patras, 26500, Patras, GREECE. Abstract Database design and use has educational interest for utilitarian and learning reasons. Database technology has significant economic impact

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

296

Relationship effort, satisfaction, and stability: differences across union type.  

PubMed

Relationship satisfaction and stability are two commonly studied outcomes in marriage and family research. Majority of studies address socio demographic variability and differences across union type in these outcomes. We extend this literature by addressing how the amount of effort one puts into their relationship is associated with stability and satisfaction. Specifically, we focus on how effort impacts these measures of quality in four union types: premarital cohabitation, first marriage, post-divorce cohabitation, and second marriage following divorce. Furthermore, we make union type comparisons in the strength of effort's association with satisfaction and stability. Using data from 8,006 respondents in the Relationship Evaluation Survey, our results show that effort was strongly and positively associated with satisfaction and stability in all four unions. Although effort is more strongly associated with satisfaction in first marriage than cohabiting relationships, no union type differences in the role of effort on stability were observed. Clinical and research implications of these findings are discussed. PMID:24320175

Shafer, Kevin; Jensen, Todd M; Larson, Jeffry H

2014-04-01

297

A Novel “Credit Union\\  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Cloud Computing is drawing people’s attention from all walks of the IT world. It promises significant reduction of cost among\\u000a many other advantages as it proclaims, including increased availability, fast provision, on-demand, and pay-per-use, etc.\\u000a This paper presents a novel model of Cloud Computing, named “Credit Union” model (referred to as the CU model or CUM for short).\\u000a This model

Dunren Che; Wen-Chi Hou

298

RWC Music Database: Music Genre Database and Musical Instrument Sound Database  

E-print Network

This paper describes the design policy and specifications of the RWC Music Database, a copyright-cleared music database (DB) compiled specifically for research purposes. Shared DBs are common in other research fields and have made significant contributions to progress in those fields. The field of music information processing, however, has lacked a common DB of musical pieces or a large-scale DB of musical instrument sounds. We therefore recently constructed the RWC Music Database comprising four original component DBs: Popular Music Database (100 pieces), Royalty-Free Music Database (15 pieces), Classical Music Database (50 pieces), and Jazz Music Database (50 pieces). In this paper we report the construction of two additional component DBs: Music Genre Database (100 pieces) and Musical Instrument Sound Database (50 instruments). It is our hope that our DB will make a significant contribution to future advances in the field of music information processing.

Masataka Goto; Takuichi Nishimura

2003-01-01

299

Social Workers in Unions: A Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Survey of 84 MSW union members from three unions in large urban area finds unionism and professionalism compatible. Differences among unions were demographic rather than attitudinal. Sample, mostly white, female under age 30, favors union arbitration, disapproves strikes. Prefers union with narrow economic focus, excluding professional or…

Alexander, Leslie B.; And Others

1980-01-01

300

ECOTOX Database System  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) provides this database of chemical toxicity. Three individual EPA databases are combined to provide information on chemical-specific toxicity values for aquatic and terrestrial plants and animals. Users can search for research reports by chemical name, species name, or environmental effect. The site has informative help files and browse features. This Web site is useful for evaluating industrial chemicals or for environmental assessment research.

2000-01-01

301

Angiotensin receptor blockers and risk of cancer: cohort study among people receiving antihypertensive drugs in UK General Practice Research Database  

PubMed Central

Objectives To investigate whether there is an association between use of angiotensin receptor blockers and risk of cancer. Design Cohort study of risk of cancer in people treated with angiotensin receptor blockers compared with angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. Effects were explored with time updated covariates in Cox models adjusted for age, sex, body mass index (BMI), diabetes and metformin/insulin use, hypertension, heart failure, statin use, socioeconomic status, alcohol, smoking, and calendar year. Absolute changes in risk were predicted from a Poisson model incorporating the strongest determinants of risk from the main analysis. Setting UK primary care practices contributing to the General Practice Research Database. Participants 377?649 new users of angiotensin receptor blockers or ACE inhibitors with at least one year of initial treatment. Main outcome measures Adjusted hazard ratios for all cancer and major site specific cancers (breast, lung, colon, prostate) by exposure to angiotensin receptor blockers and by cumulative duration of use. Results Follow-up ended a median of 4.6 years after the start of treatment; 20?203 cancers were observed. There was no evidence of any increase in overall risk of cancer among those ever exposed to angiotensin receptor blockers (adjusted hazard ratio 1.03, 95% confidence interval 0.99 to 1.06, P=0.10). For specific cancers, there was some evidence of an increased risk of breast and prostate cancer (1.11, 1.01 to 1.21, P=0.02; and 1.10, 1.00 to 1.20, P=0.04; respectively), which in absolute terms corresponded to an estimated 0.5 and 1.1 extra cases, respectively, per 1000 person years of follow-up among those with the highest baseline risk. Longer duration of treatment did not seem to be associated with higher risk (P>0.15 in each case). There was a decreased risk of lung cancer (0.84, 0.75 to 0.94), but no effect on colon cancer (1.02, 0.91 to 1.16). Conclusions Use of angiotensin receptor blockers was not associated with an increased risk of cancer overall. Observed increased risks for breast and prostate cancer were small in absolute terms, and the lack of association with duration of treatment meant that non-causal explanations could not be excluded. PMID:22531797

2012-01-01

302

A plant resource and experiment management system based on the Golm Plant Database as a basic tool for omics research  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: For omics experiments, detailed characterisation of experimental material with respect to its genetic features, its cultivation history and its treatment history is a requirement for analyses by bioinformatics tools and for publication needs. Furthermore, meta-analysis of several experiments in systems biology based approaches make it necessary to store this information in a standardised manner, preferentially in relational databases. In

Karin I Köhl; Georg Basler; Alexander Lüdemann; Joachim Selbig; Dirk Walther

2008-01-01

303

Graduate Student Research Instruction: Testing an Interactive Web-Based Library Tutorial for a Health Sciences Database  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interactive electronic tutorials offer flexibility in delivering library instruction; however, questions linger regarding their effectiveness compared to traditional librarian-led classroom lectures. This study examines a tutorial introducing health science students to the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature database. Half the…

Lechner, David L.

2005-01-01

304

On the Shopfloor: Exploring the impact of teacher trade unions on school-based industrial relations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teachers are highly unionised workers and their trade unions exert an important influence on the shaping and implementation of educational policy. Despite this importance there is relatively little analysis of the impact of teacher trade unions in educational management literature. Very little empirical research has sought to establish the impact of teacher unions at school level. In an era of

Howard Stevenson

2003-01-01

305

From "School Correspondent" to Workplace Bargainer? The Changing Role of the School Union Representative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper draws on research in three English Midlands local education authorities to analyse the changing role of the teacher trade union representative in schools. It focuses on representatives of the largest teachers' union in England and Wales--the National Union of Teachers. The paper draws on mainstream industrial relations literature, and…

Stevenson, Howard

2005-01-01

306

Reconcilable Differences: Conflict and Collegiality in a Unionized Community College Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Faculty unions are a prominent, though a comparatively recent, feature of American higher education. Today, a vast majority of community colleges have a unionized faculty. A number of researchers in the 1970s speculated that the presence of unions signaled the end of collegial shared governance and that interactions between administrators and…

Hartley, Matthew

2010-01-01

307

AMERICAN GEOPHYSICAL UNION v. TEXACO INC., 60 F.3d 913 (2nd Cir. 1994)  

E-print Network

AMERICAN GEOPHYSICAL UNION v. TEXACO INC., 60 F.3d 913 (2nd Cir. 1994) Before: NEWMAN, Chief Judge was not fair use. See American Geophysical Union v. Texaco Inc., 802 F. Supp. 1 (S.D.N.Y. 1992). Though receives at its Beacon research facility is the Journal of Catalysis Page 1 of 29AMERICAN GEOPHYSICAL UNION

Shamos, Michael I.

308

Computer Science Today in the European Union  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article attempts to paint a picture of computer science (CS) today in the 15 European Union countries. We focus on the EU countries rather than Western Europe as a whole because of the availability of EU statistical data. We hope to give a general view of how EU computer science (called informatics in many EU countries) research and development compares to that in the US, within the context of general scientific research and education in the EU.

Forbes, Nancy; Messina, Paul

2008-06-07

309

FORT UNION DEEP  

SciTech Connect

Coalbed methane (CBM) is currently the hottest area of energy development in the Rocky Mountain area. The Powder River Basin (PRB) is the largest CBM area in Wyoming and has attracted the majority of the attention because of its high permeability and relatively shallow depth. Other Wyoming coal regions are also being targeted for development, but most of these areas have lower permeability and deeper coal seams. This project consists of the development of a CBM stimulation system for deep coal resources and involves three work areas: (1) Well Placement, (2) Well Stimulation, and (3) Production Monitoring and Evaluation. The focus of this project is the Washakie Basin. Timberline Energy, Inc., the cosponsor, has a project area in southern Carbon County, Wyoming, and northern Moffat County, Colorado. The target coal is found near the top of the lower Fort Union formation. The well for this project, Evans No.1, was drilled to a depth of 2,700 ft. Three coal seams were encountered with sandstone and some interbedded shale between seams. Well logs indicated that the coal seams and the sandstone contained gas. For the testing, the upper seam at 2,000 ft was selected. The well, drilled and completed for this project, produced very little water and only occasional burps of methane. To enhance the well, a mild severity fracture was conducted to fracture the coal seam and not the adjacent sandstone. Fracturing data indicated a fracture half-length of 34 ft, a coal permeability of 0.2226 md, and permeability of 15.3 md. Following fracturing, the gas production rate stabilized at 10 Mscf/day within water production of 18 bpd. The Western Research Institute (WRI) CBM model was used to design a 14-day stimulation cycle followed by a 30-day production period. A maximum injection pressure of 1,200 psig to remain well below the fracture pressure was selected. Model predictions were 20 Mscf/day of air injection for 14 days, a one-day shut-in, then flowback. The predicted flowback was a four-fold increase over the prestimulation rate with production essentially returning to prestimulation rates after 30 days. The physical stimulation was conducted over a 14-day period. Problems with the stimulation injection resulted in a coal bed fire that was quickly quenched when production was resumed. The poststimulation, stabilized production was three to four times the prestimulation rate. The methane content was approximately 45% after one day and increased to 65% at the end of 30 days. The gas production rate was still two and one-half times the prestimulation rate at the end of the 30-day test period. The field results were a good match to the numerical simulator predictions. The physical stimulation did increase the production, but did not produce a commercial rate.

Lyle A. Johnson Jr.

2002-09-01

310

FORT UNION DEEP  

SciTech Connect

Coalbed methane (CBM) is currently the hottest area of energy development in the Rocky Mountain area. The Powder River Basin (PRB) is the largest CBM area in Wyoming and has attracted the majority of the attention because of its high permeability and relatively shallow depth. Other Wyoming coal regions are also being targeted for development, but most of these areas have lower permeability and deeper coal seams. This project consists of the development of a CBM stimulation system for deep coal resources and involves three work areas: (1) Well Placement, (2) Well Stimulation, and (3) Production Monitoring and Evaluation. The focus of this project is the Washakie Basin. Timberline Energy, Inc., the cosponsor, has a project area in southern Carbon County, Wyoming, and northern Moffat County, Colorado. The target coal is found near the top of the lower Fort Union formation. The well for this project, Evans No.1, was drilled to a depth of 2,700 ft. Three coal seams were encountered with sandstone and some interbedded shale between seams. Well logs indicated that the coal seams and the sandstone contained gas. For the testing, the upper seam at 2,000 ft was selected. The well, drilled and completed for this project, produced very little water and only occasional burps of methane. To enhance the well, a mild severity fracture was conducted to fracture the coal seam and not the adjacent sandstone. Fracturing data indicated a fracture half-length of 34 ft, a coal permeability of 0.2226 md, and permeability of 15.3 md. Following fracturing, the gas production rate stabilized at 10 Mscf/day within water production of 18 bpd. The Western Research Institute (WRI) CBM model was used to design a 14-day stimulation cycle followed by a 30-day production period. A maximum injection pressure of 1,200 psig to remain well below the fracture pressure was selected. Model predictions were 20 Mscf/day of air injection for 14 days, a one-day shut-in, then flowback. The predicted flowback was a four-fold increase over the prestimulation rate with production essentially returning to prestimulation rates after 30 days. The physical stimulation was conducted over a 14-day period. Problems with the stimulation injection resulted in a coal bed fire that was quickly quenched when production was resumed. The poststimulation, stabilized production was three to four times the prestimulation rate. The methane content was approximately 45% after one day and increased to 65% at the end of 30 days. The gas production rate was still two and one-half times the prestimulation rate at the end of the 30-day test period. The field results were a good match to the numerical simulator predictions. The physical stimulation did increase the production, but did not produce a commercial rate.

Lyle A. Johnson Jr.

2002-03-01

311

The Tinnitus Research Initiative (TRI) database: A new approach for delineation of tinnitus subtypes and generation of predictors for treatment outcome  

PubMed Central

Tinnitus, the phantom perception of sound, is a frequent disorder that causes significant morbidity and treatment is elusive. A large variety of different treatment options have been proposed and from most of them some patients benefit. However, a particular treatment that helps one patient may fail for others. This suggests that there are different forms of tinnitus which differ in their pathophysiology and their response to specific treatments. Therefore, it is a major challenge for tinnitus treatment to identify the most promising therapy for a specific patient. However, most published clinical treatment studies have enrolled only relatively small patient samples, making it difficult to identify predictors of treatment response for specific approaches. Furthermore, inter-study comparability is limited because of varying methods of tinnitus assessment and different outcome parameters. Performing clinical trials according to standardized methodology and pooling the data in a database should facilitate both clinical subtypisation of different forms of tinnitus, and identification of promising treatments for different types of tinnitus. This would be an important step towards the goal of individualized treatment of tinnitus. For these reasons, an international database of tinnitus patients, who undergo specific treatments, and are assessed during the course of this treatment with standardized instruments (e.g., psychoacoustic measures, questionnaires) has been established. The primary objectives of this database are (1) collecting a standardized set of data on patient characteristics, treatments, and outcomes from tinnitus patients consulting specialized tinnitus clinics all over the world (at present 13 centers in 8 countries), (2) delineating different subtypes of tinnitus based on data that has been systematically collected and (3) identifying predictors for individual treatment response based on the clinical profile. Starting in 2008, the database currently contains data from more than 400 patients. It is expected that more centers will join the project and that the patient numbers will rapidly grow, so that this international database will further facilitate future research and contribute to the development of evidence based on individualized treatment. PMID:20682024

2010-01-01

312

International Labor Union Policy and Growth with Creative Destruction &ast  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractA multi-economy Schumpeterian growth model is constructed. Economies are interdependent through technology transfer. Households can stay as workers or become researchers at some cost. Workers are employed in production and researchers in R&D. Workers are unionized and union power depends on the government's protection. The main findings are as follows. If international technological dependence increases, then workers’ wages, the growth

Tapio Palokangas

2005-01-01

313

Visual Exploration across Biomedical Databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Though biomedical research often draws on knowledge from a wide variety of fields, few visualization methods for biomedical data incorporate meaningful cross-database exploration. A new approach is offered for visualizing and exploring a query-based subset of multiple heterogeneous biomedical databases. Databases are modeled as an entity-relation graph containing nodes (database records) and links (relationships between records). Users specify a keyword

Michael D. Lieberman; Sima Taheri; whatever Guo; Fatemeh Mirrashed; Inbal Yahav; Aleks Aris; Ben Shneiderman

2011-01-01

314

Original research: Intravenous ribavirin--review of the FDA's Emergency Investigational New Drug Database (1997-2008) and literature review.  

PubMed

Intravenous (IV) ribavirin does not have US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval, although oral and aerosol formulations have been approved. Intravenous ribavirin can, however, be authorized for use as a result of an Emergency Investigational New Drug (EIND) application as investigational treatment for patients with serious viral infections, including emerging or rare infections for which no alternative treatment is available. This retrospective study evaluated clinical experience with IV ribavirin based on a review of the FDA's EIND database and a literature review. The main outcome measures were disease condition, clinical outcomes, and adverse events (AEs). First, the FDA's EIND database was evaluated for these variables among patients authorized to receive investigational IV ribavirin. Second, published literature on IV ribavirin was reviewed for diseases treated, reported clinical outcomes, and AEs. Adverse events reported in the literature were compared with AEs listed in approved product labeling (aerosol and oral formulations). From February 1997 to December 2008, 608 IV ribavirin EIND requests were made for 19 disease conditions. Adenovirus, respiratory syncytial virus, and parainfluenza infections comprised 84.7% of IV ribavirin EINDs. Inadequate reporting of clinical outcomes and AEs in the EIND database prevented analysis of either outcome. Data interpretation in the literature was limited by multiple factors, including retrospective design, small sample sizes, differences in reporting outcomes and AEs, lack of generalizability, and potential confounders such as concomitant medications, selection bias, and reporting bias. Reported AEs were consistent with labels of approved aerosol and oral formulations, except for lip and gingival swelling. However, estimates of frequency, severity, and causality of AEs associated with IV ribavirin could not be determined because of study limitations. Our study findings suggest that the literature is inconclusive on the potential benefit for continued use of IV ribavirin. A review of the literature and the FDA's EIND database suggests that prospective, controlled trials of IV ribavirin in patients with adenovirus, parainfluenza, or serious respiratory syncytial virus infections could be feasible. PMID:19491552

Riner, Andrea; Chan-Tack, Kirk M; Murray, Jeffrey S

2009-05-01

315

Tomato genomic resources database: an integrated repository of useful tomato genomic information for basic and applied research.  

PubMed

Tomato Genomic Resources Database (TGRD) allows interactive browsing of tomato genes, micro RNAs, simple sequence repeats (SSRs), important quantitative trait loci and Tomato-EXPEN 2000 genetic map altogether or separately along twelve chromosomes of tomato in a single window. The database is created using sequence of the cultivar Heinz 1706. High quality single nucleotide polymorphic (SNP) sites between the genes of Heinz 1706 and the wild tomato S. pimpinellifolium LA1589 are also included. Genes are classified into different families. 5'-upstream sequences (5'-US) of all the genes and their tissue-specific expression profiles are provided. Sequences of the microRNA loci and their putative target genes are catalogued. Genes and 5'-US show presence of SSRs and SNPs. SSRs located in the genomic, genic and 5'-US can be analysed separately for the presence of any particular motif. Primer sequences for all the SSRs and flanking sequences for all the genic SNPs have been provided. TGRD is a user-friendly web-accessible relational database and uses CMAP viewer for graphical scanning of all the features. Integration and graphical presentation of important genomic information will facilitate better and easier use of tomato genome. TGRD can be accessed as an open source repository at http://59.163.192.91/tomato2/. PMID:24466070

Suresh, B Venkata; Roy, Riti; Sahu, Kamlesh; Misra, Gopal; Chattopadhyay, Debasis

2014-01-01

316

European speech databases for telephone applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The SpeechDat project aims to produce speech databases for all official languages of the European Union and some major dialectal variants and minority languages resulting in 28 speech databases. They will be recorded over fixed and mobile telephone networks. This will provide a realistic basis for training and assessment of both isolated and continuous-speech utterances, employing whole-word or subword approaches,

H. Hoge; H. S. Tropf; R. Winski; H. van den Heuvel; R. Haeb-Umbach; K. Choukri

1997-01-01

317

Database Manager  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is normal practice today for organizations to store large quantities of records of related information as computer-based files or databases. Purposeful information is retrieved by performing queries on the data sets. The purpose of DATABASE MANAGER is to communicate to students the method by which the computer performs these queries. This…

Martin, Andrew

2010-01-01

318

Federal databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accident statistics on all modes of transportation are available as risk assessment analytical tools through several federal agencies. This paper reports on the examination of the accident databases by personal contact with the federal staff responsible for administration of the database programs. This activity, sponsored by the Department of Energy through Sandia National Laboratories, is an overview of the national

M. J. Welch; B. W. Welles

1988-01-01

319

NSFC Databases  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Environmental Services Center (NESC) is based at West Virginia University and "serves as a clearinghouse for information about drinking water, wastewater, environmental training, and solid waste management in communities serving fewer than 10,000 individuals." As part of the NSFC larger Web site, the Databases page offers three online databases that can be accessed free after an initial registration. The Regulations Database contains copies of regulations for onsite wastewater treatment systems in 48 states, the Bibliographic Database stores thousands of articles dealing with onsite and small community wastewater issues, and the Manufacturers and Consultants Database houses a list of industry contacts for wastewater products and consulting services. Much more is available within the larger NSFC site and readers are encouraged to take a look through its contents.

2001-01-01

320

World Cave Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Cave Database was created by Eric Madelaine of the French Research Institute for Computer Science and Automatic Control. Users can browse the database by depth, length, or an alphabetical listing of the caves, and can search the nearly 1000 entries by keyword. All included caves are 300 meters deep and 3 kilometers long and larger, including the longest, which is the Mammoth Cave system in the US that is known to be 563,270 meters long. After getting used to the somewhat cryptic layout of cave listings, users should find the database a useful and informative resource.

321

Hydrocarbon Impacts Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Hydrocarbon Impacts (HI) database is a subset of the University of Calgary's Arctic Institute of North America's Arctic Science and Technology Information System database. More than 5,100 records describe "publications and research projects about the environmental impacts, socio-economic effects and regulation of hydrocarbon exploration, development and transportation in northern Canada." Users can search by record type, keyword, subject code, geographic code, author, and year, as well as an advanced search feature to locate the information. Well designed and easy to use, the database provides those interested in this narrow subject field a helpful resource.

322

Union & Disunion: Should Graduate Students Unionize? A Lingua Franca Symposium.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a range of responses from professors and graduate students to the questions: "Will the National Labor Relations Board decision to allow graduate students to unionize dramatically reshape the academic environment? If so, is that for good or ill? Will unions help cure graduate school life of its many afflictions or make those afflictions…

Lingua Franca: the review of academic life, 2001

2001-01-01

323

The College Union Outdoors. College Unions at Work.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication, one in a series of mongraphs on college unions, focuses on the outing-informal recreational activity taking place out-of-doors, usually undertaken by students in groups, and usually noncompetitive, a natural extension of the student union program. Main sections of the monograph include: (1) a suggestion for a basic program, (2)…

Crabb, Theodore

324

Ecomp Executive Compensation Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Ecomp Executive Compensation Database allows users to research the compensation and net-worth of executives. Users may search the database by company name or ticker symbol, as well as by state, sector, and industry pull-down menus. Search returns list compensation summaries for the top executives, including salary, bonus, and total compensation. Clicking on the executive's name will give a more detailed summary, including restricted stock, LTIP payouts, and value realized for options exercised. All numbers are for 1999.

325

Statistical Database Security  

Microsoft Academic Search

Statistical database security focuses on the protection of confidential individual values stored in so-called statistical databases and used for statistical purposes. Examples include patient records used by medical researchers, and detailed phone call\\u000a records, statistically analyzed by phone companies in order to improve their services. This problem became apparent in the\\u000a 1970s and has escalated in recent years due to

Ljiljana Brankovic; Helen Giggins

326

Virus Information Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Symantec Corporation's AntiVirus Research Center has recently released a virus information database that includes over 10,000 computer viruses. The searchable and browseable database can include information about aliases for each virus, infection length, area of infection, likelihood of infection, region reported, characteristics, target platform and target date, in addition to a brief description of how the virus works. The site also provides a basic tutorial on viruses. Symantec, under the Norton name, produces several anti-virus products.

327

Community Research and Development Information Service (CORDIS)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Acting as part of the European Commission's INNOVATION Programme, the Community Research and Development Information Service (CORDIS) provides information on European Union research, development, and innovation activities to help strengthen the competitiveness of European organizations, particularly small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). CORDIS's ten searchable databases covering various news and research publications, EU-funded research programs, and organizational contact and partnership directories are designed to help SMEs find data and funding. An Acronym dictionary of EU research and development terms aids search navigation, and key pages are available in English, French, German, and Italian.

328

PLANNING AND OPERATING COLLEGE UNION BUILDINGS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS MONOGRAPH IS A DISCUSSION OF FOUR ASPECTS OF STUDENT UNIONS. PART ONE DISCUSSES THE NATURE AND PURPOSE OF A UNION AND THE UNION AS A CAMPUS CENTER. PART TWO DEALS WITH THE PLANNING OF UNION BUILDINGS AND GIVES PROCEDURES, PRINCIPLES AND CAUTIONS. UNION FACILITIES AND SERVICES ARE LISTED. PART THREE DISCUSSES THE ORGANIZATION AND ACTIVITIES OF…

BUTTS, PORTER

329

Benchmarking Helps Measure Union Programs, Operations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores three examples of benchmarking by college student unions. Focuses on how a union can collect information from other unions for use as benchmarking standards for the purposes of selling a concept or justifying program increases, or for comparing a union's financial performance to other unions. (EV)

Mann, Jerry

2001-01-01

330

News Music: Here comes science that rocks Student trip: Two views of the future of CERN Classroom: Researchers can motivate pupils Appointment: AstraZeneca trust appoints new director Multimedia: Physics Education comes to YouTube Competition: Students compete in European Union Science Olympiad 2010 Physics roadshow: Pupils see wonders of physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Music: Here comes science that rocks Student trip: Two views of the future of CERN Classroom: Researchers can motivate pupils Appointment: AstraZeneca trust appoints new director Multimedia: Physics Education comes to YouTube Competition: Students compete in European Union Science Olympiad 2010 Physics roadshow: Pupils see wonders of physics

2010-07-01

331

Teacher Unionization in School Governance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of unions in school governance is reviewed to note that labor operates in a larger context of principal-agent relationships. As agents for teachers, unions articulate the concerns that must be addressed if teachers are to be successfully enlisted in the struggle to reduce achievement gaps among at-risk students. Transcending industrial…

Jacoby, Dan

2011-01-01

332

Professional Employees Turn to Unions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

White-collar and professional employees are increasingly turning to unions to combat their loss of independence as employees of large organizations. Managers should realize that they and professional employees have different viewpoints about job situations and that the current trend toward white-collar unionism is apt to continue. (JG)

Chamot, Dennis

1976-01-01

333

2010 Fellow American Geophysical Union  

E-print Network

2010 Fellow American Geophysical Union Peter Clark, a professor of geosciences in the College of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences, has been elected as Fellow of the American Geophysical Union for the chapter on sea level change. Peter Clark Professor, Geology and Geophysics A tidewater glacier losing mass

Kurapov, Alexander

334

Unions: Bread, Butter & Basic Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Unions are natural providers of basic skills instruction. They are in daily workplace contact with their membership, are trusted to work on members' behalf, and speak the language of the worker. Unions are trying to address the needs of illiterate workers through collective bargaining arrangements in which employers contribute a percentage of…

BCEL Newsletter for the Business Community, 1987

1987-01-01

335

Economic and Monetary Union Governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The global financial crisis has exposed serious flaws in the economic governance of the Eurozone. The crisis has accelerated pre-existing divergence in the performance of member states in terms of economic growth, unemployment and inflation. Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) governance structures have proved ineffective in averting a sovereign debt crisis and in facilitating its management. European Union (EU) decision

Irene Kyriakopoulos

2011-01-01

336

UNION-SPONSORED RETRAINING PROGRAMS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

UNION-SPONSORED TRAINING PROGRAMS WERE PROVIDED IN THE SAN FRANCISCO BAY AREA TO UPGRADE SKILLS OF MARINE COOKS AND STEWARDS, SHIPS' RADIO OPERATORS, JOURNEYMAN PLUMBERS AND GASFITTERS, AND MEMBERS OF THE INTERNATIONAL BROTHERHOOD OF ELECTRICAL WORKERS (IBEW). THESE PROGRAMS WERE THE ONLY COHESIVE UNION SPONSORED CURRICULA IN THAT AREA. MAJOR…

HOOS, IDA R.

337

Speechdat multilingual speech databases for teleservices: across the finish line  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of the SpeechDat project is to develop spoken language resources for speech recognisers s uited to realise voice driven teleservices. SpeechDat created speech databases for all official languages of the European Union and some major dialectal varieties and minority languages. The size of the databases ranges between 500 and 5000 speakers. In total 20 d atabases are recorded

Harald Höge; Christoph Draxler; Henk van den Heuvel; Finn Tore Johansen; Eric Sanders; Herbert S. Tropf

1999-01-01

338

From Telecommunications to Networking: The MELVYL Online Union Catalog and the Development of Intercampus Networks at the University of California.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the history of the network that supports the MELVYL online union catalog, describes current technological and policy issues, and discusses the role the network plays in integrating local automation, the union catalog, access to resource databases, and other initiatives. Sidebars by Mark Needleman discuss the TCP/IP protocol suite, internet…

Lynch, Clifford A.

1989-01-01

339

BIOMARKERS DATABASE  

EPA Science Inventory

This database was developed by assembling and evaluating the literature relevant to human biomarkers. It catalogues and evaluates the usefulness of biomarkers of exposure, susceptibility and effect which may be relevant for a longitudinal cohort study. In addition to describing ...

340

Researchers under Pressure: A Comparative Study of New Forms of Producing, Advising and Transmitting Knowledge in Brazil and the European Union  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents some data from the literature and opinions from responses to interviews with 74 Brazilian and 15 European researchers. They were questioned about their work and the consequences to their lives caused by the changes imposed by the Coordinating Agency for Improvement in Higher Education Personnel (CAPES) in Brazil and the…

Bianchetti, Lucidio; Quartiero, Elisa Maria

2010-01-01

341

Trade Unions and the Economics Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contends that a realistic approach to teaching economics requires learning about trade unions. Presents a role play of a trade union meeting that helps students think about how trade unions tackle problems. (BSR)

Veale, Sarah

1987-01-01

342

Cluster randomized trial in the general practice research database: 2. Secondary prevention after first stroke (eCRT study): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background The purpose of this research is to develop and evaluate methods for conducting pragmatic cluster randomized trials in a primary care electronic database. The proposal describes one application, in a less frequent chronic condition of public health importance, secondary prevention of stroke. A related protocol in antibiotic prescribing was reported previously. Methods/Design The study aims to implement a cluster randomized trial (CRT) using the electronic patient records of the General Practice Research Database (GPRD) as a sampling frame and data source. The specific objective of the trial is to evaluate the effectiveness of a computer-delivered intervention at enhancing the delivery of stroke secondary prevention in primary care. GPRD family practices will be allocated to the intervention or usual care. The intervention promotes the use of electronic prompts to support adherence with the recommendations of the UK Intercollegiate Stroke Working Party and NICE guidelines for the secondary prevention of stroke in primary care. Primary outcome measure will be the difference in systolic blood pressure between intervention and control trial arms at 12-month follow-up. Secondary outcomes will be differences in serum cholesterol, prescribing of antihypertensive drugs, statins, and antiplatelet therapy. The intervention will continue for 12 months. Information on the utilization of the decision-support tools will also be analyzed. Discussion The CRT will investigate the effectiveness of using a computer-delivered intervention to reduce the risk of stroke recurrence following a first stroke event. The study will provide methodological guidance on the implementation of CRTs in electronic databases in primary care. Trial registration Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN35701810 PMID:23034059

2012-01-01

343

CISC controls and the union/non-union wage ratio  

E-print Network

Shulenburger, McLean and Rasch, 1981). Further, the separate crafts involved in construction exhibit different union/non-union wage differen- tials. These differences reflect differentially great abilities to balkanize labor markets, and differentially... sample would have been 16.7 percent lower than it actually was in 1972. 62 TABLE I Llependcm Variable: Natural Log of UnioniNon-Union WaIF Ratio Year Var lsb le 1972 1973 1976 1977 Coordinated Bargaining - .070 - .045 .03b - .027 (1 .47) ( .06...

Shulenburger, David E.; McLean, Robert A.; Rasch, Sara B.

1984-06-01

344

Government & Social Science Information: European Union Collections Bibliography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of California-Berkeley Library's Government and Social Science Information Service (GSSI) has developed this Web site relating to European Union (EU) information. The GSSI Research Guide on The European Union is a bibliography of over 35 information sources held by GSSI. It includes resources on directories, current information, statistics, indexes, bibliographies, legislation, and subject reports. While not all resources have hypertext links, the guide is still an excellent starting point for EU information.

1995-01-01

345

Bishop Museum: Ichthyology Databases  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website offers access to three on-line fish database sites from the Bishop Museum in Hawaii. The first database, the Bishop Museum Hawaiian Fish Checklist, contains 980 records and offers search fields for Genus, Order, Species, Family, and more. The second site, the Fuji Fish Searchable Database, is under construction but is still operational and includes search criteria for Taxa (with our without specimens), Taxon, and Locality. The third database, the Bishop Museum Zooarchaeology Laboratory Fish Osteology Collection, "is searchable by order, family, genus, species, common and local names, locality and status (whether endemic, indigenous, or non-indigenous). Bishop Museum's comparative reference collection is available for use by students and researchers interested in identifying fish remains from archaeological sites in Hawaii and elsewhere in the Pacific."

346

RWC Music Database: Music genre database and musical instrument sound database  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the design policy and specifications of the RWC Music Database, a copyright-cleared mu- sic database (DB) compiled specifically for research pur- poses. Shared DBs are common in other research fields and have made significant contributions to progress in those fields. The field of music information processing, however, has lacked a common DB of musical pieces or a

Masataka Goto; Hiroki Hashiguchi; Ryuichi Ok; Ryuichi Oka

2003-01-01

347

Students' Union / Introduction Activities / Students' Union Clubs and societies  

E-print Network

of events each year ranging from the Freshers Ball to the Summer Ball, plus music gigs and comedy nights keep up to date with Students' Union news, events and special offers by: · opting in to receive email

Bristol, University of

348

European Monetary Union  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The EMU site was created by a group of students at the King's Hospital Secondary School in Palmerston, Dublin, Ireland. Their site discusses the potential positive and negative effects of the EMU, popular opinion on the Euro, and the possible side effects for Ireland, which will join, when its neighbor Britain does not join. After months of doubt and political difficulties in France, Germany, and most recently, Italy, it now appears that the unified European currency, the Euro, will indeed begin on January 1, 1999 to replace the national currencies of as many as 10 or 11 countries. The path to a unified currency is by no means smooth, however. Many European Union member states are finding it politically difficult to reduce their budget deficit to 3 percent of gross domestic product and other states, such as Britain and Denmark, are choosing to remain out for now regardless. On the other hand, European economic growth will apparently exceed earlier expectations, allowing leaders to use increased tax revenues instead of cutting social services to qualify.

349

“Glorified Messengers for Management” or “Legitimate Unionism”? An Analysis of Local Independent Unions in the Post-Company Union Era  

Microsoft Academic Search

Local independent unions (LIUs), which have represented a sizable minority of union members, largely emerged from company unions once they had been declared illegal upon the upholding of the National Labor Relations Act. This paper constructs and analyzes three distinct patterns of the organizational transformation of company unions into LIUs to determine if these LIUs became autonomous and independent of

Victor G. Devinatz

2006-01-01

350

Hospital Records Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new joint project from the Wellcome Trust and the UK Public Record Office helps researchers locate records of hospitals all over the UK. The database currently contains over 2,800 entries and may be searched by hospital or town name. Information contained in the database includes administrative details of the hospitals, location and covering dates of administrative and clinical records, and the existence of lists, catalogs or other finding aids. A sample search for "royal" under hospital name returned 210 records, and one for "Manchester" under town name produced 124 returns. While the target audience of this database -- researchers in British medical history -- is rather specialized, this new resource will prove extremely useful for these scholars and their students.

351

The SIMBAD astronomical database  

E-print Network

Simbad is the reference database for identification and bibliography of astronomical objects. It contains identifications, `basic data', bibliography, and selected observational measurements for several million astronomical objects. Simbad is developed and maintained by CDS, Strasbourg. Building the database contents is achieved with the help of several contributing institutes. Scanning the bibliography is the result of the collaboration of CDS with bibliographers in Observatoire de Paris (DASGAL), Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, and Observatoire de Bordeaux. When selecting catalogues and tables for inclusion, priority is given to optimal multi-wavelength coverage of the database, and to support of research developments linked to large projects. In parallel, the systematic scanning of the bibliography reflects the diversity and general trends of astronomical research. A WWW interface to Simbad is available at: http://simbad.u-strasbg.fr/Simbad

Marc Wenger; Francois Ochsenbein; Daniel Egret; Pascal Dubois; Francois Bonnarel; Suzanne Borde; Francoise Genova; Gerard Jasniewicz; Suzanne Laloe; Soizick Lesteven; Richard Monier

2000-02-04

352

Giving Raw Data a Chance to Talk: A Demonstration of Exploratory Visual Analytics with a Pediatric Research Database Using Microsoft Live Labs Pivot to Promote Cohort Discovery, Research, and Quality Assessment  

PubMed Central

Secondary use of large and open data sets provides researchers with an opportunity to address high-impact questions that would otherwise be prohibitively expensive and time consuming to study. Despite the availability of data, generating hypotheses from huge data sets is often challenging, and the lack of complex analysis of data might lead to weak hypotheses. To overcome these issues and to assist researchers in building hypotheses from raw data, we are working on a visual and analytical platform called PRD Pivot. PRD Pivot is a de-identified pediatric research database designed to make secondary use of rich data sources, such as the electronic health record (EHR). The development of visual analytics using Microsoft Live Labs Pivot makes the process of data elaboration, information gathering, knowledge generation, and complex information exploration transparent to tool users and provides researchers with the ability to sort and filter by various criteria, which can lead to strong, novel hypotheses. PMID:24808811

Viangteeravat, Teeradache; Nagisetty, Naga Satya V. Rao

2014-01-01

353

The Leadership Cluster Memorial Union  

E-print Network

. dependent Leadership: lead from all levels, relational, interdependence Generativity: teacher, mentorThe Leadership Cluster Memorial Union Student Leadership and Involvement Student Media Something New @ OSU #12;Access Diversity "Leadership/Citizenship" Community Connection Health & Wellness Housing

Escher, Christine

354

European Union: Constraints vs. Opportunities  

E-print Network

During the early 1980s, Europe suffered from slow economic growth. As a result of this stagnant growth pattern, the European Union created new economic policies and reforms, which eliminated tariffs and barriers among ...

Kahiha, Nguvitjita

2007-12-17

355

Presidential State of Union Addresses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For Internauts interested in historical perspective, a selected archive of State of the Union messages of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, along with a complete archive of messages from 1913 is available at the Northwestern University Political Science site.

President., United S.

356

European Union Scandal  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week's In the News examines the recent high-level corruption scandal in the European Union. Last Tuesday, the European Commission -- the executive body that initiates and implements EU legislation -- resigned en masse, plunging the supranational organization into unprecedented political chaos. All 20 commissioners, led by commission President Jacques Santer of Luxembourg, abdicated their positions the day after the release of a scathing report by the Committee of Independent Experts. The independent panel of experts, who were appointed by the European Parliament, had investigated allegations of bureaucratic malfeasance perpetrated by the European Commission. The committee's report collectively accused the commission of financial "fraud, mismanagement, and nepotism." In the wake of the incriminating report and subsequent resignations, EU foreign ministers are scrambling to find successors for the commissioners to placate the bewildered European citizenry and return to business as usual. This political upheaval happened at a crucial transitional time in the EU's 42-year history, undermining its credibility at a time when it plans to expand into eastern Europe. The current tumult occurred just three months after launching a new unified currency, seven weeks before the new Treaty of Amsterdam commences, and three months before the next European Parliamentary elections, which will determine the future composition of the EU's 626-member assembly. During the next two days, distracted leaders from all fifteen EU member states will meet in Berlin to discuss the reconstruction of the European Commission and formulate a seven-year budget for the entire EU, an organization with about 18,000 officials who administer nearly $100 billion annually. The eight resources discussed provide news, commentary, and analysis.

Osmond, Andrew.

357

Environmental databases  

SciTech Connect

Knowledge of environmental phenomena, their anticipation, understanding, and prognosis, has increased tremendously with simultaneous advances in computer technology. Industrial growth, now seen to impact the environment deleteriously, is permitted only after assessing its impact on the environment through the use of computing technology or modeling. Environmental management is perhaps the only field where man attempts to write the book of rules without any or with little experience. Though compliance and remediation are the current focus of environmental agencies, the stress is now on pollution prevention. Today, computers are huge repositories of information enabling quick access and application in unprecedented environmental episodes or emergencies, and providing sophisticated help in planning and decision making, to avert any catastrophe. Databases play a crucial role in this process. Prediction and/or planning studies, the accuracy of results, possibilities of solution existence, identification of problem areas, documentation of the solutions, report generation, and most of the situations arising typically in air dispersion can be conveniently handled with and due to databases. This review briefly describes popular databases available, their use, and the contact address, to acquire them. The review mainly focuses on those databases available in the air area.

Kumar, A.; Riswadkar, R. (Univ. of Toledo, OH (United States))

1992-05-01

358

The Claremont Report on Database Research Rakesh Agrawal, Anastasia Ailamaki, Philip A. Bernstein, Eric A. Brewer, Michael J. Carey,  

E-print Network

, and was distinguished by a broad consensus that we are at a turning point in the history of the field, due both researchers have periodically gathered to assess the state of the field and propose directions for future data analytics is growing quickly as a result. Corporate acquisitions of Business Intelligence (BI

O'Brien, James F.

359

Consulting in Union-Mangement Relations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the development of unions in libraries, measures the impact of unionism on library administration, examines the sources of assistance in union-management relations available to library administrators, and cnsiders questions pertaining to the role of library consultants in union matters. (FM)

Henderson, James W.

1980-01-01

360

Product market competition and unionized wage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Considering a move from monopoly to duopoly, Bastos et al. (“Open shop unions and product market competition”, 2010, Canadian Journal of Economics) provides open-shop union, where the union density is less than one, as a theoretical reason for the evidence of a positive relationship between product market competition and unionized wage. We show that their theoretical result is very much

Arijit Mukherjee

361

How Unions Can Use the Internet  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The latest Internet guide from the Catherwood Library at Cornell University's School of Industrial and Labor Relations examines the ways in which unions and union members can utilize the Internet. The guide gives an introduction to unions on the Web, explains the difference between the Internet and the World Wide Web, and offers online resources that would be of use to unions. A large section explaining the benefits of having a union Website, which includes examples of well-designed union Websites and guidelines for creating union sites, is included as is an article on the pitfalls of using company email to organize.

Joseph, Deborah.

362

On metadata context in Database Forensics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Database Forensics is an important topic that has received hardly any research at- tention. This paper starts from the premise that this lack of research is due to the inherent complexity of databases that is not fully understood in a forensic context yet. The paper considers the relevant dierences between file systems and databases and then transfers concepts of File

Martin S. Olivier

2009-01-01

363

Ubiquitous Access to Web Databases Athman Bouguettaya  

E-print Network

related to medical research would belong to the ontology called Research. The same database may belong be resolved locally. Sustaining the distributed ontologies requires a complex metadata support. For that purpose, we have associated with each database, a metadata repository called co-database. A co

Medjahed, Brahim

364

Scientific databases have recently become a challenging research area for a number of reasons: 1) the amount of data stored in scientific  

E-print Network

, 6]. Global warming, the green­ house effect, the ozone layer, acid rain, and tropical deforestation, commer­ cial databases, and analysis tools into a seamless environment, and 4) scientific databases environment containing heterogeneous, specialized database and computing resources. KEYWORDS: Distributed

Ward, Matthew

365

Relation of childhood gastrointestinal disorders to autism: nested case-control study using data from the UK General Practice Research Database  

PubMed Central

Objectives To assess whether children with autism are more likely to have a history of gastrointestinal disorders than children without autism. Design Nested case-control study. Setting UK General Practice Research Database. Subjects Children born after 1 January 1988 and registered with the General Practice Research Database within 6 months of birth. Outcome measures Chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract, coeliac disease, food intolerance, and recurrent gastrointestinal symptoms recorded by the general practitioner. Results 9 of 96 (9%) children with a diagnosis of autism (cases) and 41 of 449 (9%) children without autism (matched controls) had a history of gastrointestinal disorders before the index date (the date of first recorded diagnosis of autism in the cases and the same date for controls). The estimated odds ratio for a history of gastrointestinal disorders among children with autism compared with children without autism was 1.0 (95% confidence interval 0.5 to 2.2). Conclusions No evidence was found that children with autism were more likely than children without autism to have had defined gastrointestinal disorders at any time before their diagnosis of autism. What is already known on this topicGastrointestinal disease with a characteristic endoscopic and pathological appearance has been reported among a case series of children with autism and hypothesised to be related to measles, mumps, and rubella vaccinationThe incidence of autism has been rising over the past decade despite a stable rate for measles, mumps, and rubella vaccination among the same populationWhat this study addsChildren with autism are no more likely than children without autism to have had gastrointestinal disorders at any time before the diagnosis of autismLess than 10% of children diagnosed with autism have a history of gastrointestinal disorders, and for most the symptoms are mildNo temporal association was found between measles, mumps, and rubella vaccination and the onset of gastrointestinal symptoms in children with autism PMID:12193358

Black, Corri; Kaye, James A; Jick, Hershel

2002-01-01

366

Sexual Frequency and the Stability of Marital and Cohabiting Unions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior research found that lower sexual frequency and satisfaction were associated with higher rates of divorce, but little research had examined the role of sexual activity in the dissolution of cohabiting unions. We drew upon social exchange theory to hypothesize why sexual frequency is more important in cohabitation: (a) cohabitors' lower costs…

Yabiku, Scott T.; Gager, Constance T.

2009-01-01

367

The Molecular Biology Database Collection: 2005 update  

PubMed Central

The Nucleic Acids Research Molecular Biology Database Collection is a public online resource that lists the databases described in this and previous issues of Nucleic Acids Research together with other databases of value to the biologist and available throughout the world. All databases included in this Collection are freely available to the public. The 2005 update includes 719 databases, 171 more than the 2004 one. The databases are organized in a hierarchical classification that simplifies the process of finding the right database for any given task. The growing number of databases related to immunology, plant and organelle research have been accommodated by separating them into three new categories. The database summaries provide brief descriptions of the databases, contact details, appropriate references and acknowledgements. The online summaries also serve as a venue for the maintainers of each database to introduce database updates and other improvements in the scope and tools. These updates are particularly important for those databases that have not been described in print in the recent past. The database list and summaries are available online at the Nucleic Acids Research web site, http://nar.oupjournals.org/. PMID:15608247

Galperin, Michael Y.

2005-01-01

368

Trail Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Something of a veteran by Internet standards, the Trail Database has been around since 1997 and, as such, now bills itself as the "world's largest hiking trail database." "Henk," the Dutch hiker responsible for this compendium, updates the site regularly and has included a wide variety of links to helpful material here. Users can search or browse the resources, which are arranged both under general topics, such as Knots or Equipment, and by country. Those planning European hikes will find the links off the front page to foot and mouth disease-related hiking restrictions useful (though we found some of these links to be broken). In all, an impressive collection of material. The site is available in Dutch or English.

1997-01-01

369

CIS 330: Database Management Systems Course Number & Title (A.1) CIS 330: Database Management Systems  

E-print Network

CIS 330: Database Management Systems Course Number & Title (A.1) CIS 330: Database Management & Johannes Gehrke, Database Management Systems (third edition), McGraw Hill. Additional materials as handouts, e.g., research papers Catalog Description (A.5a) Introduction to database management systems

Plotkin, Joshua B.

370

information & research skills programme European Union Resources  

E-print Network

recently on the Web. There are also a large number of serial publications (such as statistics and annual Structural policies. Regional policies 11 Environment 12 Consumer affairs 13 Agriculture. Fisheries. Forestry

Hickman, Mark

371

GLOBAL ECOSYSTEMS DATABASE: DATABASE DOCUMENTATION AND CD-ROM  

EPA Science Inventory

The primary objective of this cooperative research and development is to produce an integrated, quality controlled, global database (including time sequences) for spatially distributed modeling. he project concentrates on modern observational data, including remotely sensed data ...

372

Premarital cohabitation and postmarital cohabiting union formation.  

PubMed

"Previous research has indicated that premarital cohabitation decreases marital stability. This study examined the role of premarital cohabitation as a determinant of cohabitation after marital disruption. The author proposed that people who cohabited with their first spouse prior to marriage have a greater propensity to cohabit after marital disruption than people who did not cohabit before their first marriage. Event history analysis of the postmarital union experiences of women and men from the Canadian 1990 Family and Friends Survey (FFS) supports this proposition. It was found that the hazard rate of postmarital cohabitation was over 50% higher for premarital cohabitants than for noncohabitants." PMID:12288678

Wu, Z

1995-03-01

373

Shuttle Hypervelocity Impact Database  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

With three flights remaining on the manifest, the shuttle impact hypervelocity database has over 2800 entries. The data is currently divided into tables for crew module windows, payload bay door radiators and thermal protection system regions, with window impacts compromising just over half the records. In general, the database provides dimensions of hypervelocity impact damage, a component level location (i.e., window number or radiator panel number) and the orbiter mission when the impact occurred. Additional detail on the type of particle that produced the damage site is provided when sampling data and definitive analysis results are available. The paper will provide details and insights on the contents of the database including examples of descriptive statistics using the impact data. A discussion of post flight impact damage inspection and sampling techniques that were employed during the different observation campaigns will be presented. Future work to be discussed will be possible enhancements to the database structure and availability of the data for other researchers. A related database of ISS returned surfaces that are under development will also be introduced.

Hyde, James I.; Christiansen, Eric I.; Lear, Dana M.

2011-01-01

374

Shuttle Hypervelocity Impact Database  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

With three missions outstanding, the Shuttle Hypervelocity Impact Database has nearly 3000 entries. The data is divided into tables for crew module windows, payload bay door radiators and thermal protection system regions, with window impacts compromising just over half the records. In general, the database provides dimensions of hypervelocity impact damage, a component level location (i.e., window number or radiator panel number) and the orbiter mission when the impact occurred. Additional detail on the type of particle that produced the damage site is provided when sampling data and definitive analysis results are available. Details and insights on the contents of the database including examples of descriptive statistics will be provided. Post flight impact damage inspection and sampling techniques that were employed during the different observation campaigns will also be discussed. Potential enhancements to the database structure and availability of the data for other researchers will be addressed in the Future Work section. A related database of returned surfaces from the International Space Station will also be introduced.

Hyde, James L.; Christiansen, Eric L.; Lear, Dana M.

2011-01-01

375

Using the Reactome Database  

PubMed Central

There is considerable interest in the bioinformatics community in creating pathway databases. The Reactome project (a collaboration between the Ontario Institute for Cancer Research, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, New York University Medical Center and the European Bioinformatics Institute) is one such pathway database and collects structured information on all the biological pathways and processes in the human. It is an expert-authored and peer-reviewed, curated collection of well-documented molecular reactions that span the gamut from simple intermediate metabolism to signaling pathways and complex cellular events. This information is supplemented with likely orthologous molecular reactions in mouse, rat, zebrafish, worm and other model organisms. This unit describes how to use the Reactome database to learn the steps of a biological pathway; navigate and browse through the Reactome database; identify the pathways in which a molecule of interest is involved; use the Pathway and Expression analysis tools to search the database for and visualize possible connections within user-supplied experimental data set and Reactome pathways; and the Species Comparison tool to compare human and model organism pathways. PMID:22700314

Haw, Robin

2012-01-01

376

The Gay Peoples Union Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In the 1970s, The Gay Peoples Union was the most important gay and lesbian rights organization in Milwaukee. The Union started as a student group at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, and they eventually took a key role in working for social change in the contentious arena of educating the general public about homosexuality. This extremely valuable digital collection was created by the University of Wisconsin Digital Collections initiative, utilizing materials from the Division of Archives and Special Collections of the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Visitors to the site can make their way through copies of the Gay Peoples Union newsletter and also listen to the radio program, Gay Perspective. Users are welcome to also browse the textual and audio materials at their leisure.

377

Crystal structure visualizations in three dimensions with database support , O. Certk1,2  

E-print Network

crystals. The free database MINCRYST [3] is maintained and hosted by the Russian Academy of Sciences by a range of Java based applets. Since its adoption in 1990 by the International Union of Crystallography

Moeck, Peter

378

The Definition of a Prolonged Intensive Care Unit Stay for Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage Patients: An Application with National Health Insurance Research Database  

PubMed Central

Introduction. Length of stay (LOS) in the intensive care unit (ICU) of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) patients is one of the most important issues. The disease severity, psychosocial factors, and institutional factors will influence the length of ICU stay. This study is used in the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) to define the threshold of a prolonged ICU stay in sICH patients. Methods. This research collected the demographic data of sICH patients in the NHIRD from 2005 to 2009. The threshold of prolonged ICU stay was calculated using change point analysis. Results. There were 1599 sICH patients included. A prolonged ICU stay was defined as being equal to or longer than 10 days. There were 436 prolonged ICU stay cases and 1163 nonprolonged cases. Conclusion. This study showed that the threshold of a prolonged ICU stay is a good indicator of hospital utilization in ICH patients. Different hospitals have their own different care strategies that can be identified with a prolonged ICU stay. This indicator can be improved using quality control methods such as complications prevention and efficiency of ICU bed management. Patients' stay in ICUs and in hospitals will be shorter if integrated care systems are established. PMID:25126579

Chan, Chien-Lung; Ting, Hsien-Wei; Huang, Hsin-Tsung

2014-01-01

379

The Economic Case for Monetary Union in the European Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

Differential requirements for seigniorage provide a weak case for retaining monetary independence. As regards adjustment to asymmetric shocks, nominal exchange rate flexibility is at best a limited blessing and at worst a limited curse. Absence of significant fiscal redistribution mechanisms among EU members is not an obstacle to monetary union. Neither is limited international labour mobility. Convergence of real economic

Willem H. Buiter

1997-01-01

380

Agricultural Market Access Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in early 1999, the Agricultural Market Access Database (AMAD) is a joint effort by Agriculture and AgriFood Canada, EU Commission - Agriculture Directorate-General, Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, The World Bank, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, and United States Department of Agriculture - Economic Research Service. AMAD was created in order to "provide a common data set on tariffs, TRQs and imports, as well as the tools for researchers, policymakers, and others to use in analyzing levels of tariff protection in agriculture among WTO Members." Users begin by selecting a region on a map; from there they can narrow their search by country, and the database will generate a data set on that country. AMAD also provides a 30-page User's Guide which helps explain the purpose and uses of the database, as well as helping to decipher some of the information contained in AMAD. At present, not all countries worldwide can be accessed through this database. AMAD, however, promises to continue to expand.

381

06/07 Ver. 1.1 Research centers and  

E-print Network

Geophysical Union; Elected Member, International Academy of Astronautics Tamas I. Gombosi, Fellow, American Collegiate Research Professor; Fellow, American Geophysical Union Andrew Nagy, Fellow, American Geophysical-Nielsen Distinguished University Professor of Atmospheric Sciences; Fellow, American Geophysical Union Richard Rood

Eustice, Ryan

382

Proceedings of Student-Faculty Research Day, CSIS, Pace University, May 3rd Understanding the Issues of Personal Data and Privacy in the European Union and the United States  

E-print Network

also become the playing field for social media. In 2003, social networking sites, including My Understanding the Issues of Personal Data and Privacy in the European Union and the United States Marc A. Kowtko globalized our economy and social networking sites have dominated the social atmosphere; there has been

Tappert, Charles

383

2012 Fellow American Geophysical Union  

E-print Network

waves; exploring form drag in the ocean (analogous to atmospheric mountain drag which extracts momentum2012 Fellow American Geophysical Union James Moum, professor in the College of Earth, Ocean contributions to our understanding of ocean mixing in coastal, abyssal and Equatorial regimes using innovative

Kurapov, Alexander

384

European Identity: Diversity in Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the dynamics of identity within the European Union. The authors describe the necessary preconditions for the development of European Identity; including the value of freedom, equal rights and a re-conceptualization of the concept of solidarity in the context of citizenship. Highlighted are how debates about immigrant rights, the rise of neo-racist movements, and the role of political

Rik Pinxten; Marijke Cornelis; Robert A. Rubinstein

2007-01-01

385

Industrial Relations: A Union View  

Microsoft Academic Search

Industrial relations are never far from the headlines. Whether it is a wage increase, an industrial dispute, trade union officials gaoled in Malaysia, workers attacked by police in the Philippines, or the efficacy of the whole system, there is usually a story there somewhere. In most countries, industrial relations are acknowledged as being a genuine and important part of society.

J. Halfpenny

1984-01-01

386

English Teaching Profile: Soviet Union.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of English in the Soviet Union is discussed, with attention directed to: the characteristics and training of English teachers, the type and availability of instructional and related materials, educational administration in relation to English teaching, the development and planning of English instruction, English outside the educational…

British Council, London (England). English Language and Literature Div.

387

Partnership Creates Centre for Union Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A unique cooperative venture between the city of Coventry and local trade unions is establishing a library collection of books, periodicals, historical documents, tapes, and films dealing with unions, labor studies, and industrial problems. (JAB)

Smart, Carol; Roman, Stephen

1978-01-01

388

Stackfile Database  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This software provides storage retrieval and analysis functionality for managing satellite altimetry data. It improves the efficiency and analysis capabilities of existing database software with improved flexibility and documentation. It offers flexibility in the type of data that can be stored. There is efficient retrieval either across the spatial domain or the time domain. Built-in analysis tools are provided for frequently performed altimetry tasks. This software package is used for storing and manipulating satellite measurement data. It was developed with a focus on handling the requirements of repeat-track altimetry missions such as Topex and Jason. It was, however, designed to work with a wide variety of satellite measurement data [e.g., Gravity Recovery And Climate Experiment -- GRACE). The software consists of several command-line tools for importing, retrieving, and analyzing satellite measurement data.

deVarvalho, Robert; Desai, Shailen D.; Haines, Bruce J.; Kruizinga, Gerhard L.; Gilmer, Christopher

2013-01-01

389

DECOMPOSITIONAL ODOR ANALYSIS DATABASE - PHASE I  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study, conducted at the University of Tennessee's Anthropological Research Facility (ARF), describes the development of the Decompositional Odor Analysis (D.O.A.) Database and seeks to establish the chemical basis for canine's scenting ability when detecting human remains. This database is composed of chemicals that are liberated during the decompositional process from buried human remains. This 'living' database currently spans the

Arpad A. Vass; Rob R. Smith; Cyril V. Thompson; Michael N. Burnett; Dennis A. Wolf; Jennifer A. Synstelien; Brian A. Eckenrode

390

Temporal Conversion Functions for Multitemporal Relational Databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most research in the field of algebras for temporal relational databases concerns the study of operations within each of the formats transaction-time, valid-time, bitemporal and snapshot. Nevertheless, data of different temporal format (multitemporal relational data) should be allowed to interact. Two possible scenarios for this problem are: (1) federated databases, where the interaction is required of databases of different temporal

Cristina De Castro

1996-01-01

391

Modeling Multidimensional Databases, Cubes and Cube Operations  

Microsoft Academic Search

On-Line Analytical Processing (OLAP) is a trend in database technology, which was recently introduced and has attracted the interest of a lot of research work. OLAP is based on the multidimensional view of data, supported either by multidimensional databases (MOLAP) or relational engines (ROLAP). In this paper we propose a model for multidimensional databases. Dimensions, dimension hierarchies and cubes are

Panos Vassiliadis

1998-01-01

392

Fire Properties Database of Engineering Plastics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research Objective: To develop a database for the fire properties of commercial and developmental polymeric materials in order to better understand the relationship between polymer molecular structure and its flammability. Approach: A database of the combustion properties of commercial well characterized polymeric materials is an integral part of the FAA's Fire Resistant Materials program. Such a database will provide the

S. Gandhi

393

USING HIGH-LEVEL CONSUMER-RESEARCH METHODS TO CREATE A TOOL-DRIVEN GUIDEBOOK AND DATABASE FOR PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT AND MARKETING  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present aspects and data for a tool-driven database for marketing and product development, which are publicly accessible. The objective is to create a method whereby knowledge of concepts and products can be archived using overviews of a specific product category. The first phase of the database comprises systematic analysis of product concepts, which contain elements dealing both with features

HOWARD MOSKOWITZ; ALEX GOFMAN; JACQUELINE BECKLEY

2006-01-01

394

European Union privacy and data protection principles: Compatibility with culture and legal frameworks in Islamic states  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information Communications Technology (ICT) law has developed rapidly during the past 15 years within the European Union (EU). The Directives on Data Protection, Databases, Software and the Internet (to mention but a few) have together formed a corpus representing various layers of legal principles of varying importance. Some of these, like Directive 95\\/46, essentially are designed to protect fundamental human

Mireille M. Caruana; Joseph A. Cannataci

2007-01-01

395

Occupational exposure to carcinogens in the European Union  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES—To construct a computer assisted information system for the estimation of the numbers of workers exposed to established and suspected human carcinogens in the member states of the European Union (EU).?METHODS—A database called CAREX (carcinogen exposure) was designed to provide selected exposure data and documented estimates of the number of workers exposed to carcinogens by country, carcinogen, and industry. CAREX includes data on agents evaluated by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) (all agents in groups 1 and 2A as of February 1995, and selected agents in group 2B) and on ionising radiation, displayed across the 55 industrial classes. The 1990-3 occupational exposure was estimated in two phases. Firstly, estimates were generated by the CAREX system on the basis of national labour force data and exposure prevalence estimates from two reference countries (Finland and the United States) which had the most comprehensive data available on exposures to these agents. For selected countries, these estimates were then refined by national experts in view of the perceived exposure patterns in their own countries compared with those of the reference countries.?RESULTS—About 32 million workers (23% of those employed) in the EU were exposed to agents covered by CAREX. At least 22 million workers were exposed to IARC group 1 carcinogens. The exposed workers had altogether 42 million exposures (1.3 mean exposures for each exposed worker). The most common exposures were solar radiation (9.1 million workers exposed at least 75% of working time), environmental tobacco smoke (7.5 million workers exposed at least 75% of working time), crystalline silica (3.2 million exposed), diesel exhaust (3.0 million), radon (2.7 million), and wood dust (2.6 million).?CONCLUSION—These preliminary estimates indicate that in the early 1990s, a substantial proportion of workers in the EU were exposed to carcinogens.???Keywords: exposure; carcinogen; Europe PMID:10711264

Kauppinen, T.; Toikkanen, J.; Pedersen, D.; Young, R.; Ahrens, W.; Boffetta, P.; Hansen, J.; Kromhout, H.; Blasco, J. M.; Mirabelli, D.; de la Orden-River..., V.; Pannett, B.; Plato, N.; Savela, A.; Vincent, R.; Kogevinas, M.

2000-01-01

396

Kansas Labor Unions: Past, Present and Future  

E-print Network

abruptly withdrew from the race. The candle dropped by the National Labor Union was picked up by the Grand and Holy Order of the Knights of Labor who came to Kansas in 1873. By 1886, the Knights was the largest and strongest trade union of its day.... This decline has occurred partially because the manufacturing sector where unionism has historically been strongest has declined relatively as an em­ ployer of the labor force. II. Recent Developments UNION MEMBERSHIP As noted, since the passage...

Shulenburger, David E.; Johnson, Nancy Brown

1983-06-01

397

Changes in Labour Market Status Surrounding Union Dissolution in France  

Microsoft Academic Search

:In France, as in many other countries, union dissolution has become increasingly common over the last few decades. While the economic consequences of separation have generated an abundant international literature, research on this question is still rare in France, doubtless for lack of suitable data. This article analyses the labour force participation of men and women in the two years

Anne Solaz; Jonathan Mandelbaum; Elisabeth Algava; Carole Bonnet

2010-01-01

398

The Burke Library Archives At Union Theological Seminary, New York  

E-print Network

and the Caribbean. Having attended Pan American Conferences on Christian missionary efforts since 1923, Inman laterThe Burke Library Archives At Union Theological Seminary, New York Missionary Research Library of Panama; South American travel notes, 1914; essay on Hispanic American Congress of Evangelical Churches

Salzman, Daniel

399

Unionization and Perceived Control among Community College Faculty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research reported in this paper examined what role working in a union or nonunion college has in influencing faculty perceptions of control over their work. Using data from the 1993, 1999, and 2004 National Study of Postsecondary Faculty, this study explored the relative importance of variables in influencing perceived control among full-time…

Linville, Joann E.; Antony, James Soto; Hayden, Ruby A.

2011-01-01

400

Regional Disparities in the European Union: Convergence and Agglomeration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic disparities between the regions of the European Union are of constant concern both for policy and economic research. In this paper we examine whether there are overlapping trends of regional development in the EU: overall convergence on the one hand and persistent or even increasing spatial concentration (agglomeration) on the other. Kernel density estimation, Markov chain analysis and cross-sectional

Kurt Geppert; Michael Happich; Andreas Stephan

2005-01-01

401

Regional disparities in the European Union: Convergence and agglomeration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic disparities between the regions of the European Union are of constant concern both for policy and economic research. In this paper, we examine whether there are overlapping trends of regional development in the EU: overall convergence, on the one hand, and persistent or even increasing spatial concentration (agglomeration), on the other. Kernel density estimation, Markov chain analysis and cross-sectional

Kurt Geppert; Andreas Stephan

2008-01-01

402

Modeling Demand for Unionization with Nontraditional Data Analysis Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Upon reviewing the extant literature on determinants of unionism, it becomes clear that many areas that have had a plethora of research attention do not converge upon singularly directional findings. This study explores a potential cause of such an apparent anomaly: nonlinearity of data. An exploratory examination of correlation coefficients among…

DeGroot, Timothy

2006-01-01

403

LQTS gene LOVD database.  

PubMed

The Long QT Syndrome (LQTS) is a group of genetically heterogeneous disorders that predisposes young individuals to ventricular arrhythmias and sudden death. LQTS is mainly caused by mutations in genes encoding subunits of cardiac ion channels (KCNQ1, KCNH2,SCN5A, KCNE1, and KCNE2). Many other genes involved in LQTS have been described recently(KCNJ2, AKAP9, ANK2, CACNA1C, SCNA4B, SNTA1, and CAV3). We created an online database(http://www.genomed.org/LOVD/introduction.html) that provides information on variants in LQTS-associated genes. As of February 2010, the database contains 1738 unique variants in 12 genes. A total of 950 variants are considered pathogenic, 265 are possible pathogenic, 131 are unknown/unclassified, and 292 have no known pathogenicity. In addition to these mutations collected from published literature, we also submitted information on gene variants, including one possible novel pathogenic mutation in the KCNH2 splice site found in ten Chinese families with documented arrhythmias. The remote user is able to search the data and is encouraged to submit new mutations into the database. The LQTS database will become a powerful tool for both researchers and clinicians. PMID:20809527

Zhang, Tao; Moss, Arthur; Cong, Peikuan; Pan, Min; Chang, Bingxi; Zheng, Liangrong; Fang, Quan; Zareba, Wojciech; Robinson, Jennifer; Lin, Changsong; Li, Zhongxiang; Wei, Junfang; Zeng, Qiang; Qi, Ming

2010-11-01

404

Immigration and the transformation of American unionism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Does immigration hamper union organizing in the United States? The prevailing literature strongly suggests that it does and for two reasons: first, immigrants increase the labor pool and diminish union influence over the labor market. And second, immigrants may be harder to organize than native workers. In this dominant view, unions are well served to restrict immigration and have always

B. Burgoon; J. Fine; W. Jacoby; D. Tichenor

2010-01-01

405

The effect of unionism on fringe benefits  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study analyzes the impact of unionism on fringes paid to production workers, using data on individual establishments. It compares fringe expenditures in establishments having the same level of compensation per hour and finds that unionism raises the share of compensation allotted to fringes, particularly to pensions, vacation pay, and life, accident, and health insurance. In addition, since unionism also

Richard B. Freeman

1981-01-01

406

Are Charter School Unions Worth the Bargain?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

About 12 percent of all charter schools have bargaining agreements. Why do charter schools unionize? What is in these charter school contracts? Can they be considered innovative or models for union reform? And how do they compare to traditional district/union teacher contracts? Center on Reinventing Public Education legal analyst Mitch Price…

Price, Mitch

2011-01-01

407

Union-Management Ideological Frames of Reference.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Looks at union-management (U-M) ideology as a potential explanatory variable in labor relations and demonstrates a method of measuring the ideology of union (N=34) and management (N=38) representatives. Semantic differential and antecedent-consequent techniques indicated significant union-management differences on all 10 U-M beliefs measured. (WAS)

Wolters, Roger S.

1982-01-01

408

What does the experience of German monetary union tell us about the theory of monetary union?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper summarizes the modern theory of monetary unions to identify in what circumstances such unions are supposed to impose low costs on, and give substantial benefits to, their members and then considers the case of the effect on Eastern Germany of German monetary and economic union. This union satisfied most of the conditions for low cost and high benefit,

Charlotte Lythe

1995-01-01

409

The CenSSIS Image Database  

Microsoft Academic Search

The CenSSIS Image Database is a scientific database that enables effective data management and collaboration to accelerate fundamental research. This paper describes the design and use of a state-of-the-art relational image database management system, accessible through a stan- dard web-browser interface. The application utilizes a ro- bust security architecture and is designed for efficient data submission. Our database query engine

Huanmei Wu; Becky Norum; Judith Newmark; Betty Salzberg; Carol M. Warner; Charles Dimarzio; David R. Kaeli

2003-01-01

410

Content based information retrieval in forensic image databases.  

PubMed

This paper gives an overview of the various available image databases and ways of searching these databases on image contents. The developments in research groups of searching in image databases is evaluated and compared with the forensic databases that exist. Forensic image databases of fingerprints, faces, shoeprints, handwriting, cartridge cases, drugs tablets, and tool marks are described. The developments in these fields appear to be valuable for forensic databases, especially that of the framework in MPEG-7, where the searching in image databases is standardized. In the future, the combination of the databases (also DNA-databases) and possibilities to combine these can result in stronger forensic evidence. PMID:11908596

Geradts, Zeno; Bijhold, Jurrien

2002-03-01

411

Defensive strategies in rugby union.  

PubMed

Success in rugby union competition is dependent partly on the defensive strategies of a team. Despite this, little empirical evidence exists about effective defensive strategies used during play. This study attempted to identify defensive characteristics associated with increased likelihood of a successful outcome in rugby union, while considering the game situation. Twenty-one matches of the 2010 Super 14 competition were analysed, amounting to 2,394 coded tackle contacts. The likelihood of the defending team winning the breakdown (the post-tackle contact situation where opposing teams compete for possession of the ball) increased as the match progressed. Defensive speed, measured as the speed of the defence in response to the attacking line, was a statistically significant predictor of breakdown wins and preventing the attacking team from advancing towards the gain line. Identifying the relative effectiveness of such strategies allows understanding of rugby match behaviour and may be applied to improve organisation, design, training, teaching and learning the game. PMID:24422340

Hendricks, Sharief; Roode, Brad; Matthews, Bevan; Lambert, Michael

2013-08-01

412

Procedure for developing Union position  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

1. Position statements will be restricted to those issues that fall within the guidelines approved by the Council. 2. Requests for position statements are referred immediately to the Public Affairs Committee. 3. If a request seems to fall within Union guidelines, the committee will recommend that the President of the Union appoint an independent panel charged with drafting a statement. The panel will include at least one member nominated by the Public Affairs Committee, the originator of the request, and one member of Council. 4. The Council and the membership will be informed that the panel is working on the issue and that comments are welcome. 5. The panel will prepare a statement for circulation to the Council of the Union. 6. Members of Council (or Executive Committee when timeliness is critical) will be asked to vote or to comment on the proposed statement. This vote is to be taken at regularly scheduled meetings except where timeliness is critical. Concurrence of two thirds is required for adoption. 7. All adopted position statements will be published in Eos as soon as possible. 8. Once a statement has been approved, the Public Affairs Committee will endeavor to apply its expertise to making advocacy of its contents as effective as possible.

413

ARS Water Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the Hydrology and Remote Sensing Laboratory of the USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) comes the ARS Water Database Web site. The database is a collection of precipitation and streamflow data from small agricultural watersheds in the United States, including variable time-series readings sufficient in detail to reconstruct storm hydrographs and hyetographs. Users can choose from any US state to view available data. Each station is listed along with its location, coverage area in acres, dates of operation, latitude and longitude, and links to its related data. Although data is not available for every station listed, the site can still be a valuable resource for those looking for quick access to hydrological data from around the country.

1969-12-31

414

ARS Water Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the Hydrology and Remote Sensing Laboratory of the USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) comes the ARS Water Database Web site. The database is a collection of precipitation and streamflow data from small agricultural watersheds in the United States, including variable time-series readings sufficient in detail to reconstruct storm hydrographs and hyetographs. Users can choose from any US state to view available data. Each station is listed along with its location, coverage area in acres, dates of operation, latitude and longitude, and links to its related data. Although data is not available for every station listed, the site can still be a valuable resource for those looking for quick access to hydrological data from around the country.

2007-08-06

415

Small Business Innovations (Integrated Database)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Because of the diversity of NASA's information systems, it was necessary to develop DAVID as a central database management system. Under a Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) grant, Ken Wanderman and Associates, Inc. designed software tools enabling scientists to interface with DAVID and commercial database management systems, as well as artificial intelligence programs. The software has been installed at a number of data centers and is commercially available.

1992-01-01

416

Using online databases to find peer-reviewed journal articles on injury prevention and safety promotion research: a study of textword queries by SafetyLit users  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To assess the capacity of textword queries to provide a comprehensive listing of articles on injury prevention and safety promotion (IPSP) concepts in a literature database.Methods: All terms used to search SafetyLit (a database of scholarly literature selected for its relevance to the IPSP field) during the years 2000–2005 were listed and then examined to identify terms that are

David W Lawrence

2007-01-01

417

The risk of adverse outcomes in association with use of testosterone products: a cohort study using the UK-based general practice research database  

PubMed Central

AIMS To study the relative safety of the intramuscular injection formulation of testosterone with oral testosterone undecanoate in relation to the risks for hypertension, polycythemia, prostate cancer, benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) and prostatism. METHODS We conducted a cohort study of men in the UK based General Practice Research Database who were users of the oral undecanoate and injectable forms of testosterone and calculated rates and relative risks of hypertension, polycythemia and prostate conditions (cancer, BPH and prostatism). RESULTS We identified 5841 men who received at least one study testosterone preparation. There were 202 cases of hypertension (crude incidence rates (IRs) for oral and injectable testosterone respectively 12.3/1000 person-years (PY) and 14.4/1000 PY). There were 146 cases of polycythemia (IRs 1.2/1000 PY and 10.1/1000 PY), 46 cases of prostate cancer (IRs 2.5/1000 PY and 1.8/1000 PY), 106 cases of BPH (IRs 4.1 /1000 PY and 2.1/1000 PY), and 251 cases of prostatism (IRs 8.4/1000 PY and 6.1/1000 PY respectively). Adjusted relative risks for oral compared with injectable testosterone were 0.8 (95% CI 0.6, 1.2) for hypertension, 0.13 (0.05, 0.35) for polycythemia, 1.1 (0.7, 1.7) for prostate cancer, 1.5 (1.1, 2.2) for BPH and 1.1 (0.8, 1.4) for prostatism. CONCLUSIONS Risks of prostate cancer and prostatism were similar in users of the two preparations, but risks were higher for hypertension and polycythemia in the injectable compared with the oral testosterone users. Risk of BPH was slightly higher in the oral users, but the difference was small and could have been due to bias. PMID:22574772

Jick, Susan S; Hagberg, Katrina Wilcox

2013-01-01

418

Risk of cardiovascular disease and all cause mortality among patients with type 2 diabetes prescribed oral antidiabetes drugs: retrospective cohort study using UK general practice research database  

PubMed Central

Objective To investigate the risk of incident myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, and all cause mortality associated with prescription of oral antidiabetes drugs. Design Retrospective cohort study. Setting UK general practice research database, 1990-2005. Participants 91?521 people with diabetes. Main outcome measures Incident myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, and all cause mortality. Person time intervals for drug treatment were categorised by drug class, excluding non-drug intervals and intervals for insulin. Results 3588 incident cases of myocardial infarction, 6900 of congestive heart failure, and 18?548 deaths occurred. Compared with metformin, monotherapy with first or second generation sulphonylureas was associated with a significant 24% to 61% excess risk for all cause mortality (P<0.001) and second generation sulphonylureas with an 18% to 30% excess risk for congestive heart failure (P=0.01 and P<0.001). The thiazolidinediones were not associated with risk of myocardial infarction; pioglitazone was associated with a significant 31% to 39% lower risk of all cause mortality (P=0.02 to P<0.001) compared with metformin. Among the thiazolidinediones, rosiglitazone was associated with a 34% to 41% higher risk of all cause mortality (P=0.14 to P=0.01) compared with pioglitazone. A large number of potential confounders were accounted for in the study; however, the possibility of residual confounding or confounding by indication (differences in prognostic factors between drug groups) cannot be excluded. Conclusions Our findings suggest a relatively unfavourable risk profile of sulphonylureas compared with metformin for all outcomes examined. Pioglitazone was associated with reduced all cause mortality compared with metformin. Pioglitazone also had a favourable risk profile compared with rosiglitazone; although this requires replication in other studies, it may have implications for prescribing within this class of drugs. PMID:19959591

2009-01-01

419

Overlap in Bibliographic Databases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the topic of Fuzzy Set Theory to determine the overlap of coverage in bibliographic databases. Highlights include examples of comparisons of database coverage; frequency distribution of the degree of overlap; records with maximum overlap; records unique to one database; intra-database duplicates; and overlap in the top ten databases.…

Hood, William W.; Wilson, Concepcion S.

2003-01-01

420

Surgical Databases: Ethics in Evolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

he federal government's Office for Human Research Protections (OHRP) has recently adopted and begun to selectively enforce a requirement that surgical data- bases with potential future application as research sources must be reviewed and approved by local Institu- tional Review Boards (IRBs). Compilers of the database must now obtain the written informed consent of indi- vidual patients before data entry.

James W. Jones

2010-01-01

421

2013. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved. Eos, Vol. 94, No. 31, 30 July 2013  

E-print Network

� 2013. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved. Eos, Vol. 94, No. 31, 30 July 2013 PAGE of Geophysical Research-Oceans, doi:10.1002/ jgrc.20242, 2013) --EB Sensible heat flux records constrain

Blennerhassett, Peter

422

Nuclear Databases: National Resource Nuclear databases consists of carefully organized scientific  

E-print Network

Nuclear Databases: National Resource Nuclear databases consists of carefully organized scientific information that has been gathered over 50 years of low-energy nuclear physics research worldwide. These powerful databases have enormous value and they represent a genuine national resource. Six core nuclear

Ohta, Shigemi

423

ARTI refrigerant database  

SciTech Connect

The Refrigerant Database is an information system on alternative refrigerants, associated lubricants, and their use in air conditioning and refrigeration. It consolidates and facilitates access to property, compatibility, environmental, safety, application and other information. It provides corresponding information on older refrigerants, to assist manufacturers and those using alterative refrigerants, to make comparisons and determine differences. The underlying purpose is to accelerate phase out of chemical compounds of environmental concern. The database provides bibliographic citations and abstracts for publications that may be useful in research and design of air-conditioning and refrigeration equipment. The complete documents are not included, though some may be added at a later date. The database identifies sources of specific information on various refrigerants. It addresses lubricants including alkylbenzene, polyalkylene glycol, polyolester, and other synthetics as well as mineral oils. It also references documents addressing compatibility of refrigerants and lubricants with metals, plastics, elastomers, motor insulation, and other materials used in refrigerant circuits. Incomplete citations or abstracts are provided for some documents. They are included to accelerate availability of the information and will be completed or replaced in future updates.

Calm, J.M.

1997-02-01

424

ARTI refrigerant database  

SciTech Connect

The Refrigerant Database is an information system on alternative refrigerants, associated lubricants, and their use in air conditioning and refrigeration. It consolidates and facilitates access to property, compatibility, environmental, safety, application and other information. It provides corresponding information on older refrigerants, to assist manufactures and those using alternative refrigerants, to make comparisons and determine differences. The underlying purpose is to accelerate phase out of chemical compounds of environmental concern. The database provides bibliographic citations and abstracts for publications that may be useful in research and design of air-conditioning and refrigeration equipment. The complete documents are not included, though some may be added at a later date. The database identifies sources of specific information on many refrigerants including propane, ammonia, water, carbon dioxide, propylene, ethers, and others as well as azeotropic and zeotropic blends of these fluids. It addresses lubricants including alkylbenzene, polyalkylene glycol, polyolester, and other synthetics as well as mineral oils. It also references documents addressing compatibility of refrigerants and lubricants with metals, plastics, elastomers, motor insulation, and other materials used in refrigerant circuits. Incomplete citations or abstracts are provided for some documents. They are included to accelerate availability of the information and will be completed or replaced in future updates.

Calm, J.M. [Calm (James M.), Great Falls, VA (United States)

1998-08-01

425

ARTI Refrigerant Database  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Refrigerant Database consolidates and facilitates access to information to assist industry in developing equipment using alternative refrigerants. The underlying purpose is to accelerate the phase out of chemical compounds of environmental concern. The database provides bibliographic citations and abstracts for publications that may be useful in the research and design of air-conditioning and refrigeration equipment. The complete documents are not included. The database identifies sources of specific information on R-32, R-123, R-124, R-125, R-134, R-134a, R-141b, R-142b, R-143a, R-152a, R-245ca, R-290 (propane), R-717 (ammonia), ethers, and others as well as azeotropic and zeotropic blends of these fluids. It addresses lubricants including alkylbenzene, polyalkylene glycol, ester, and other synthetics as well as mineral oils. It also references documents addressing compatibility of refrigerants and lubricants with metals, plastics, elastomers, motor insulation, and other materials used in refrigerant circuits. Incomplete citations or abstracts are provided for some documents to accelerate availability of the information and will be completed or replaced in future updates.

Cain, J. M.

1993-04-01

426

ARTI Refrigerant Database  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Refrigerant Database consolidates and facilitates access to information to assist industry in developing equipment using alternative refrigerants. The underlying purpose is to accelerate phase out of chemical compounds of environmental concern. The database provides bibliographic citations and abstracts for publications that may be useful in research and design of air-conditioning and refrigeration equipment. The complete documents are not included, though some may be added at a later date. The database identifies sources of specific information on R-32, R-123, R-124, R-125, R-134, R134a, R-141b, R-142b, R-143a, R-152a, R-227ea, R-245ca, R-290 (propane), R-717 (ammonia), ethers, and others as well as azeotropic and zeotropic blends of these fluids. It addresses lubricants including alkylbenzene, polyalkylene glycol, polyol ester, and other synthetics as well as mineral oils. It also references documents addressing compatibility of refrigerants and lubricants with metals, plastics, elastomers, motor insulation, and other materials used in refrigerant circuits. Incomplete citations or abstracts are provided for some documents. They are included to accelerate availability of the information and will be completed or replaced in future updates.

Calm, J. M.

1993-11-01

427

ARTI Refrigerant Database  

SciTech Connect

The Refrigerant Database consolidates and facilitates access to information to assist industry in developing equipment using alternative refrigerants. The underlying purpose is to accelerate phase out of chemical compounds of environmental concern. The database provides bibliographic citations and abstracts for publications that may be useful in research and design of air-conditioning and refrigeration equipment. The complete documents are not included. The database identifies sources of specific information on R-32, R-123, R-124, R-125, R-134, R-134a, R-141b, R-142b, R-143a, R-152a, R-245ca, R-290 (propane), R-717 (ammonia), ethers, and others as well as azeotropic and zeotropic blends of these fluids. It addresses lubricants including alkylbenzene, polyalkylene glycol, ester, and other synthetics as well as mineral oils. It also references documents addressing compatibility of refrigerants and lubricants with metals, plastics, elastomers, motor insulation, and other materials used in refrigerant circuits. Incomplete citations or abstracts are provided for some documents to accelerate availability of the information and will be completed or replaced in future updates.

Cain, J.M. (Calm (James M.), Great Falls, VA (United States))

1993-04-30

428

European Union a New Babylon?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The growing European Union faces growing problems in personal communication. These problems cannot be overcome only by more language courses in school. As important is a better mutual knowledge of the culture of other countries, a knowledge that can be gained only by a personal, professional stay in foreign countries. On university level, such stays are best organized by networks connecting European universities. In the broad field of measurement, this IMEKO symposium might offer a unique forum to thoroughly discuss structure and realization of such a network with all interested colleagues.

Mesch, F.

2010-07-01

429

World Database of Happiness  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Database of Happiness, maintained by Professor Ruut Veenhoven of Erasmus University Rotterdam, is a "continuous register of scientific research on subjective appreciation of life." This site contains the Bibliography of Happiness, a collection of over 3,000 scientific publications accessible by author or subject; the Catalog of Happiness in Nations, providing responses from over 1,500 national happiness surveys taken in 93 different countries between 1946 and 1996; the Catalog of Happiness Correlates, which presents the abstracts of correlational research findings from 662 studies worldwide; and finally, the Directory of Happiness Investigators, an international listing of more than 3,300 happiness researchers. Users may freely download the Bibliography or the Catalog of Happiness in Nations as compressed MS Access files (.zip), and download the full text of the Catalog of Correlates in compressed RTF format (.zip).

430

SIMBAD Astronomical Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"The SIMBAD astronomical database provides basic data, cross-identifications, and bibliography for astronomical objects outside the solar system." Created by the Centre de Donn'es astronomiques de Strasbourg (CDS) in France, the website contains over three million objects, eight and a half million identifiers, one hundred thousand bibliographical references, and four million citations of objects in papers. The data can be searched by object name, coordinates, filters, and by a list of objects. Researchers can find help by visiting the user's guide and the regularly updated Dictionary of Nomenclature of Celestial Objects.

431

Lighthouse Explorer Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Spotted by ResearchBuzz, this site from the Lighthouse Depot, a "virtual community" (and store) for lighthouse enthusiasts, contains a database with information on over 1,300 lighthouses around the world. Visitors may browse the listings alphabetically, by category, by state or country, or search by keyword. Entries include name, location, supervising organization, contact information, email and Website when available, and in some cases a photo. Other useful information is also provided when available, such as the dates the lighthouse was built and operational, whether or not it is open to the public, and driving directions.

1995-01-01

432

Earth Impact Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Earth Impact Database is provided by researchers at the Geological Survey of Canada. The Web site offers a crater inventory that contains the craters name, location, latitude and longitude, diameter, age, and whether it is buried or drilled. The table can be sorted by crater name, diameter, or location, and can even be viewed in a printer friendly format. Another feature of the site is the crater image archive, which contains similar information but includes a link to various aerial graphics of the craters such as Landsat images. Many other informative links are provided culminating in a very interesting and informative Web site.

433

The Nuclear Science References Database  

E-print Network

The Nuclear Science References (NSR) database together with its associated Web interface, is the world's only comprehensive source of easily accessible low- and intermediate-energy nuclear physics bibliographic information for more than 210,000 articles since the beginning of nuclear science. The weekly-updated NSR database provides essential support for nuclear data evaluation, compilation and research activities. The principles of the database and Web application development and maintenance are described. Examples of nuclear structure, reaction and decay applications are specifically included. The complete NSR database is freely available at the websites of the National Nuclear Data Center http://www.nndc.bnl.gov/nsr and the International Atomic Energy Agency http://www-nds.iaea.org/nsr.

Pritychenko, B; Singh, B; Totans, J

2013-01-01

434

NBRP databases: databases of biological resources in Japan  

PubMed Central

The National BioResource Project (NBRP) is a Japanese project that aims to establish a system for collecting, preserving and providing bioresources for use as experimental materials for life science research. It is promoted by 27 core resource facilities, each concerned with a particular group of organisms, and by one information center. The NBRP database is a product of this project. Thirty databases and an integrated database-retrieval system (BioResource World: BRW) have been created and made available through the NBRP home page (http://www.nbrp.jp). The 30 independent databases have individual features which directly reflect the data maintained by each resource facility. The BRW is designed for users who need to search across several resources without moving from one database to another. BRW provides access to a collection of 4.5-million records on bioresources including wild species, inbred lines, mutants, genetically engineered lines, DNA clones and so on. BRW supports summary browsing, keyword searching, and searching by DNA sequences or gene ontology. The results of searches provide links to online requests for distribution of research materials. A circulation system allows users to submit details of papers published on research conducted using NBRP resources. PMID:19934255

Yamazaki, Yukiko; Akashi, Ryo; Banno, Yutaka; Endo, Takashi; Ezura, Hiroshi; Fukami-Kobayashi, Kaoru; Inaba, Kazuo; Isa, Tadashi; Kamei, Katsuhiko; Kasai, Fumie; Kobayashi, Masatomo; Kurata, Nori; Kusaba, Makoto; Matuzawa, Tetsuro; Mitani, Shohei; Nakamura, Taro; Nakamura, Yukio; Nakatsuji, Norio; Naruse, Kiyoshi; Niki, Hironori; Nitasaka, Eiji; Obata, Yuichi; Okamoto, Hitoshi; Okuma, Moriya; Sato, Kazuhiro; Serikawa, Tadao; Shiroishi, Toshihiko; Sugawara, Hideaki; Urushibara, Hideko; Yamamoto, Masatoshi; Yaoita, Yoshio; Yoshiki, Atsushi; Kohara, Yuji

2010-01-01

435

Is the future of unionism in cyberspace?  

Microsoft Academic Search

V. Conclusions Cyber technology has been proposed as the panacea for the troubled Old Unionism, the expansion of the New Unionism,\\u000a and to promote the political power of the Labor Movement. In furtherance of those objectives, the AFL-CIO created a web site\\u000a on December 1, 2000, workingfamilies.com. The site is intended to provide 17 million union members and retirees access

Leo Troy

2003-01-01

436

A Chronostratigraphic Relational Database Ontology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A chronostratigraphic research database was donated by British Petroleum to the Stratigraphy Group at the Energy and Geoscience Institute (EGI), University of Utah. These data consists of over 2,000 measured sections representing over three decades of research into the application of the graphic correlation method. The data are global and includes both microfossil (foraminifera, calcareous nannoplankton, spores, pollen, dinoflagellate cysts, etc) and macrofossil data. The objective of the donation was to make the research data available to the public in order to encourage additional chronostratigraphy studies, specifically regarding graphic correlation. As part of the National Science Foundation's Cyberinfrastructure for the Geosciences (GEON) initiative these data have been made available to the public at http://css.egi.utah.edu. To encourage further research using the graphic correlation method, EGI has developed a software package, StrataPlot that will soon be publicly available from the GEON website as a standalone software download. The EGI chronostratigraphy research database, although relatively large, has many data holes relative to some paleontological disciplines and geographical areas, so the challenge becomes how do we expand the data available for chronostratigrahic studies using graphic correlation. There are several public or soon-to-be public databases available to chronostratigraphic research, but they have their own data structures and modes of presentation. The heterogeneous nature of these database schemas hinders their integration and makes it difficult for the user to retrieve and consolidate potentially valuable chronostratigraphic data. The integration of these data sources would facilitate rapid and comprehensive data searches, thus helping advance studies in chronostratigraphy. The GEON project will host a number of databases within the geology domain, some of which contain biostratigraphic data. Ontologies are being developed to provide an integrated query system for the searching across GEON's biostratigraphy databases, as well as databases available in the public domain. Although creating an ontology directly from the existing database metadata would have been effective and straightforward, our effort was directed towards creating a more efficient representation of our database, as well as a general representation of the biostratigraphic domain.

Platon, E.; Gary, A.; Sikora, P.

2005-12-01

437

Comparing the growth and effectiveness of forensic DNA databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Forensic DNA databases have altered the landscape of the criminal justice system and re-shaped the field of forensic science. Whilst there has been widespread commentary regarding the legal and socio-political basis of DNA databases, there remains a lack of meaningful empirical assessment of database performance and effectiveness. In this research DNA database growth and effectiveness has been assessed statistically from

Simon J. Walsh; John S. Buckleton; Olivier Ribaux; Claude Roux; Tony Raymond

2008-01-01

438

A Study of Current Trends in Database Forensics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growth of databases as a means of storing critical data has made them an inviting target for criminal activity, which in turn has brought about the emerging area of database forensics. However, research in this area is just beginning, and few methods and tools designed for database forensic analysis exist at this time. Following a database security incident, it

Lawrence Suffern

2010-01-01

439

Design and internal validation of an obstetric early warning score: secondary analysis of the Intensive Care National Audit and Research Centre Case Mix Programme database.  

PubMed

We designed and internally validated an aggregate weighted early warning scoring system specific to the obstetric population that has the potential for use in the ward environment. Direct obstetric admissions from the Intensive Care National Audit and Research Centre's Case Mix Programme Database were randomly allocated to model development (n = 2240) or validation (n = 2200) sets. Physiological variables collected during the first 24 h of critical care admission were analysed. Logistic regression analysis for mortality in the model development set was initially used to create a statistically based early warning score. The statistical score was then modified to create a clinically acceptable early warning score. Important features of this clinical obstetric early warning score are that the variables are weighted according to their statistical importance, a surrogate for the FI O2 /Pa O2 relationship is included, conscious level is assessed using a simplified alert/not alert variable, and the score, trigger thresholds and response are consistent with the new non-obstetric National Early Warning Score system. The statistical and clinical early warning scores were internally validated using the validation set. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.995 (95% CI 0.992-0.998) for the statistical score and 0.957 (95% CI 0.923-0.991) for the clinical score. Pre-existing empirically designed early warning scores were also validated in the same way for comparison. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.955 (95% CI 0.922-0.988) for Swanton et al.'s Modified Early Obstetric Warning System, 0.937 (95% CI 0.884-0.991) for the obstetric early warning score suggested in the 2003-2005 Report on Confidential Enquiries into Maternal Deaths in the UK, and 0.973 (95% CI 0.957-0.989) for the non-obstetric National Early Warning Score. This highlights that the new clinical obstetric early warning score has an excellent ability to discriminate survivors from non-survivors in this critical care data set. Further work is needed to validate our new clinical early warning score externally in the obstetric ward environment. PMID:23488833

Carle, C; Alexander, P; Columb, M; Johal, J

2013-04-01

440

Draft secure medical database standard.  

PubMed

Medical database security is a particularly important issue for all Healthcare establishments. Medical information systems are intended to support a wide range of pertinent health issues today, for example: assure the quality of care, support effective management of the health services institutions, monitor and contain the cost of care, implement technology into care without violating social values, ensure the equity and availability of care, preserve humanity despite the proliferation of technology etc.. In this context, medical database security aims primarily to support: high availability, accuracy and consistency of the stored data, the medical professional secrecy and confidentiality, and the protection of the privacy of the patient. These properties, though of technical nature, basically require that the system is actually helpful for medical care and not harmful to patients. These later properties require in turn not only that fundamental ethical principles are not violated by employing database systems, but instead, are effectively enforced by technical means. This document reviews the existing and emerging work on the security of medical database systems. It presents in detail the related problems and requirements related to medical database security. It addresses the problems of medical database security policies, secure design methodologies and implementation techniques. It also describes the current legal framework and regulatory requirements for medical database security. The issue of medical database security guidelines is also examined in detailed. The current national and international efforts in the area are studied. It also gives an overview of the research work in the area. The document also presents in detail the most complete to our knowledge set of security guidelines for the development and operation of medical database systems. PMID:15458163

Pangalos, George

2002-01-01

441

Spectroscopic database  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Several aspects of quantitative atmospheric spectroscopy are considered, using a classification of the molecules according to the gas amounts in the stratosphere and upper troposphere, and reviews of quantitative atmospheric high-resolution spectroscopic measurements and field measurements systems are given. Laboratory spectroscopy and spectral analysis and prediction are presented with a summary of current laboratory spectroscopy capabilities. Spectroscopic data requirements for accurate derivation of atmospheric composition are discussed, where examples are given for space-based remote sensing experiments of the atmosphere: the ATMOS (Atmospheric Trace Molecule) and UARS (Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite) experiment. A review of the basic parameters involved in the data compilations; a summary of information on line parameter compilations already in existence; and a summary of current laboratory spectroscopy studies are used to assess the data base.

Husson, N.; Barbe, A.; Brown, L. R.; Carli, B.; Goldman, A.; Pickett, H. M.; Roche, A. E.; Rothman, L. S.; Smith, M. A. H.

1985-01-01

442

When one sample is not enough: improving text database selection using shrinkage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Database selection is an important step when searching over large numbers of distributed text databases. The database selection task relies on statistical summaries of the database contents, which are not typically exported by databases. Previous research has developed algorithms for constructing an approximate content summary of a text database from a small document sample extracted via querying. Unfortunately, Zipf's law

Panagiotis G. Ipeirotis; Luis Gravano

2004-01-01

443

Running a successful campaign against unionization.  

PubMed

Unions, once rare in healthcare, are now targeting hospital employees as potential members. In an industry that has seen an increase in regulations, mergers and acquisitions, rising financial pressures, and changing working conditions, it is easy to understand why discontented employees are being targeted by unions now more than ever. Hospital leaders must look to lessons learned in other organizations to develop strategies that will ensure a successful campaign. In 2003, St. Louis Children's Hospital defeated the Missouri Nurses Association/United American Nurse with a 77% no vote. The authors describe an overview of unionization in healthcare and the strategies they used to successfully win this union election. PMID:15647666

Block, Velinda J; Jamerson, Patricia A

2005-01-01

444

78 FR 2449 - Office of Small Credit Unions (OSCUI) Grant Program Access for Credit Unions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of a Qualifying State-chartered Credit Union, in order to participate in...including new or expanded share draft or credit card programs; (ii) Partnership arrangements...iii) Enhancement and support credit union internal capacity to...

2013-01-11

445

78 FR 77721 - Office of Small Credit Unions (OSCUI) Grant Program Access for Credit Unions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of a Qualifying State-Chartered Credit Union, in order to participate in...including new or expanded share draft or credit card programs; (ii) Partnership arrangements...iii) Enhancement and support credit union internal capacity to...

2013-12-24

446

78 FR 33445 - Office of Small Credit Unions (OSCUI) Grant Program Access For Credit Unions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of a Qualifying State- chartered Credit Union, in order to participate in...including new or expanded share draft or credit card programs; (ii) Partnership arrangements...iii) Enhancement and support credit union internal capacity to...

2013-06-04

447

The strategies WDK: a graphical search interface and web development kit for functional genomics databases  

PubMed Central

Web sites associated with the Eukaryotic Pathogen Bioinformatics Resource Center (EuPathDB.org) have recently introduced a graphical user interface, the Strategies WDK, intended to make advanced searching and set and interval operations easy and accessible to all users. With a design guided by usability studies, the system helps motivate researchers to perform dynamic computational experiments and explore relationships across data sets. For example, PlasmoDB users seeking novel therapeutic targets may wish to locate putative enzymes that distinguish pathogens from their hosts, and that are expressed during appropriate developmental stages. When a researcher runs one of the approximately 100 searches available on the site, the search is presented as a first step in a strategy. The strategy is extended by running additional searches, which are combined with set operators (union, intersect or minus), or genomic interval operators (overlap, contains). A graphical display uses Venn diagrams to make the strategy’s flow obvious. The interface facilitates interactive adjustment of the component searches with changes propagating forward through the strategy. Users may save their strategies, creating protocols that can be shared with colleagues. The strategy system has now been deployed on all EuPathDB databases, and successfully deployed by other projects. The Strategies WDK uses a configurable MVC architecture that is compatible with most genomics and biological warehouse databases, and is available for download at code.google.com/p/strategies-wdk. Database URL: www.eupathdb.org PMID:21705364

Fischer, Steve; Aurrecoechea, Cristina; Brunk, Brian P.; Gao, Xin; Harb, Omar S.; Kraemer, Eileen T.; Pennington, Cary; Treatman, Charles; Kissinger, Jessica C.; Roos, David S.; Stoeckert, Christian J.

2011-01-01

448

Crystallography Open Database – an open-access collection of crystal structures  

PubMed Central

The Crystallography Open Database (COD), which is a project that aims to gather all available inorganic, metal–organic and small organic molecule structural data in one database, is described. The database adopts an open-access model. The COD currently contains ?80?000 entries in crystallographic information file format, with nearly full coverage of the International Union of Crystallography publications, and is growing in size and quality. PMID:22477773

Gražulis, Saulius; Chateigner, Daniel; Downs, Robert T.; Yokochi, A. F. T.; Quirós, Miguel; Lutterotti, Luca; Manakova, Elena; Butkus, Justas; Moeck, Peter; Le Bail, Armel

2009-01-01

449

Forensic DNA databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Genetic databases have been created in several countries: the United Kingdom was the first European country to have, in 1995, a DNA database. Subsequently, the Netherlands and Austria (1997), Germany (1998), Finland and Norway (1999) and many others have introduced or are preparing databases.Different national legal systems have conditioned the DNA databases and so there is a great heterogeneity between

Francisco Corte-Real

2004-01-01

450

Reflective Database Access Control  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Reflective Database Access Control" (RDBAC) is a model in which a database privilege is expressed as a database query itself, rather than as a static privilege contained in an access control list. RDBAC aids the management of database access controls by improving the expressiveness of policies. However, such policies introduce new interactions…

Olson, Lars E.

2009-01-01

451

Database Management Certificate Program  

E-print Network

Database Management Certificate Program DATABASE TECHNOLOGIES 13 Today, organizations in every to obtain general data analysis and management skills or apply both Oracle and Microsoft SQL Server database capabilities of relational databases in conjunction with the new "Big Data" management frameworks for data

Rose, Michael R.

452

Coalitions and community unionism : Using the term community to explore effective union-community collaboration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Union-community collaboration is an increasingly common practice in industrialised nations where union power and density have declined. This paper proposes a framework for defining and evaluating community unionism, through a definition of the term “community.” Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The author explores this framework drawing on campaigns in Sydney and Chicago. Findings – It defines the term community in three

Amanda Tattersall

2008-01-01

453

Would you civil union me? Taxation and civil unions in France  

E-print Network

Would you civil union me? Taxation and civil unions in France Marion Leturcq (PSE and CREST, couples can either contract a mar- riage or a civil union (pacs). I assess the impact of taxation taxation of newly pacsed couples. As the control group is contaminated by the reform, I propose an original

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

454

Trade Union Libraries in the People's Republic of China.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the trade union library system in China that has fallen on hard times amid economic and social changes of the past 20 years. Focuses on a history of the trade union library movement; services provided by trade union libraries; problems faced by union libraries; and reform of trade union libraries. (AEF)

Ellis, Richard D.

1999-01-01

455

Hydrologic database user`s manual  

SciTech Connect

The Hydrologic Database is an electronic filing cabinet containing water-related data for the Nevada Test Site (NTS). The purpose of the database is to enhance research on hydrologic issues at the NTS by providing efficient access to information gathered by a variety of scientists. Data are often generated for specific projects and are reported to DOE in the context of specific project goals. The originators of the database recognized that much of this information has a general value that transcends project-specific requirements. Allowing researchers access to information generated by a wide variety of projects can prevent needless duplication of data-gathering efforts and can augment new data collection and interpretation. In addition, collecting this information in the database ensures that the results are not lost at the end of discrete projects as long as the database is actively maintained. This document is a guide to using the database.

Champman, J.B.; Gray, K.J.; Thompson, C.B.

1993-09-01

456

Union Pacific: History and Photos  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created in 1862 to construct half of the first transcontinental railroad, Union Pacific (UP) became one of America's leading railroads, hauling passengers and freight through some of the most rugged and scenic regions of America. Anyone with an interest in American railroads, from hardcore trainspotters to the mildly curious will enjoy this site, which celebrates UP's long history with short texts and a plethora of photos and images. Users can read about the caboose and passenger trains, learn about historic UP yards and shops, and review several chronologies. The heart of the site, however, is the photo gallery, which features images of historic advertisements, structures and yards, nineteenth-century stereo views, scenic locations, and a large number of trains (steam and diesel) in action. Take a ride on the rails.

457

British trade unions and the Labour government  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to understand the role played by British trade unions in the present political setup in Britain, it is necessary to go back some way into the history of the British Labour movement. Not many people in Great Britain besides specialist historians, and very few in the United States, realize that the British trade union movement of today is

Margaret Cole

1948-01-01

458

The Political Economy of International Unions  

Microsoft Academic Search

We model an international union as a group of countries deciding together the provision of certain public goods and policies because of spillovers. The countries are heterogeneous either in preferences and\\/or in economic fundamentals. The trade off between the benefits of coordination and the loss of independent policymaking endogenously determines the size, the composition and the scope of unions. Our

Alberto F Alesina; Ignazio Angeloni; Federico Etro

2001-01-01

459

Hubert Ertl European Union Initiatives in Education  

E-print Network

Hubert Ertl European Union Initiatives in Education and Vocational Training - The Development AND VOCATIONAL TRAINING OUTLINE In this paper, the development and impact of European Union (EU) programmes policies in the fields of education and vocational training is outlined, since the evolution of programmes

Noé, Reinhold

460

Towards a European Union Gender Equality Index  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to monitor progress with respect to gender equality in European Union member states, indices are extremely useful. Existing indices are, however, not appropriate because they do not focus exclusively on gender (in)equality and have not been created to be used at the European level. Therefore a European Union Gender Equality Index is presented in this article. Based on

Janneke Plantenga; Chantal Remery; Hugo Figueiredo; Mark Smith

2009-01-01

461

Realizing the Goal of Caribbean Monetary Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

The origins of a monetary union between Caribbean Community (Caricom) members date back to 1990 but today, having already missed its proposed inauguration by six years, the region still has a long way to go in realizing this goal. To put the various convergence criteria in perspective, this paper discusses the implications that establishing a monetary union will have on

André Baladi

2006-01-01