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1

Manual for Reducing Educational Unit Costs in Latin American Countries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for educational administrators, this manual provides suggestions for reducing educational unit costs in Latin America without reducing the quality of the education. Chapter one defines unit cost concepts and compares the costs of the Latin American countries. Chapter two deals with the different policies which could affect the principal…

Centro Multinacional de Investigacion Educativa, San Jose (Costa Rica).

2

Transnational Stakeholders: Latin American Migrant Transnationalism and Civic Engagement in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the current period of international migration there is no consensus among analysts regarding the relationship between immigrant transnationalism and civic engagement in the United States. Focusing mainly on the transnational behaviors of Latin American migrants, three views predominate: critics argue that immigrant transnationalism hinders…

Ramirez, Ricardo; Felix, Adrian

2011-01-01

3

Interaction of science and diplomacy: Latin American, the United States and nuclear energy, 1945-1955  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear programs in Argentina and Brazil can be traced to August 1945 when their scientific communities articulated responses to the atomic bombings of Japan. They culminated in attempts to develop independent nuclear programs, sharply opposed by the United States, during the nationalist governments of Juan Peron and Getulio Vargas. This dissertation, based on primary sources from the three nations, analyzes these programs and the American responses. Latin America entered the nuclear age attempting to control natural resources, to improve scientific establishments, and to appraise Latin American-United States relations. Despite some clear warnings about nuclear dangers, the new form of energy was seen as the solution to industrial problems, poverty, and outside political interference. International opposition, which may have included nuclear threats from the United States, blocked Argentina's first attempt in 1947. After 1948, Peron wanted a nuclear program for cheap energy and prestige. The qualifications of the Brazilian scientists gave more substance to their program. The program originated in August, 1945, but assumed national proportion with the government of Vargas in 1951. Lack of American cooperation forced Vargas to establish a secret program with Germany. American troops intervened taking over the German equipment already completed. The final collapse came about with Vargas' suicide in August, 1954.

Cabral, R.

1986-01-01

4

LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES CURRICULUM COMMITTEE  

E-print Network

LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES CURRICULUM COMMITTEE: Cynthia Palmer, Chair (Spanish) Katherine Holt and Archaeology) Jimmy A. Noriega (Theater and Dance) Latin American Studies combines a multidisciplinary approach that provide a broader theoretical perspective to help students understand Latin Americans' diverse lived

Wilson, Mark A.

5

United States and Four Latin American Countries Partner to Battle Cancer  

Cancer.gov

The United States National Cancer Institute formalized bilateral partnerships this week with the governments of Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, and Uruguay, to accelerate progress against cancer in Hispanic populations in the United States and Latin America and improve cancer research.

6

POL 247 / Latin American Politics 1 LATIN AMERICAN POLITICS  

E-print Network

POL 247 / Latin American Politics 1 LATIN AMERICAN POLITICS POLITICS 247 FALL 2008 SYLLABUS Monday Coffee] This course will introduce you to major issues in Latin American politics and society. We the Revolutions in Cuba and Mexico; study the relationships between social development and regime types

Marsh, David

7

Montana State University 1 Latin American & Latino  

E-print Network

, political science, sociology, international business, and more. The major will also strengthen the skill of Latin American and Latino communities in the United States with significant political and economic power Perspectives SPNS 445 Hispanic Caribbean: Cuba, Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic HSTR 433 Latin American

Maxwell, Bruce D.

8

LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES CURRICULUM COMMITTEE  

E-print Network

LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES CURRICULUM COMMITTEE: Katherine Holt (History), Chair Michele Leiby (Theater and Dance, on leave Fall 2014) Cynthia Palmer, (Spanish) Latin American Studies combines Americans' diverse lived expe- riences. This firm grounding in the history, cultures, and languages of Latin

Wilson, Mark A.

9

Latin American Travelogues  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The John Hay Library at Brown University has an impressive array of collections related to Latin America and the Caribbean. These collections include the Schirmer Collection on Anti-Imperialism and the Paul R. Dupee Mexican History Collection. Recently, Professor James Green and Patricia Figueroa, the librarian and subject specialist for Iberia and Latin America worked together to create this compelling digital library of Latin American travel accounts which span the 16th through 19th centuries. Visitors can browse through these accounts at their leisure, and they will find everything from Louis Aggasiz's "A Journey in Brazil" to Johann Baptist von Spix's "Travels in Brazil in the Years 1817-1820". Additionally, visitors can also read some rather thoughtful essays offered by Professor Green's students that draw on these travel narratives for academic inspiration and contemplation.

10

Mexican Celebrations. Latin American Culture Studies Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed for elementary school children, this unit is designed to teach about Mexican American culture through the study of holidays celebrated throughout much of Latin America and the southwestern United States. The unit describes and provides background information about nine Mexican American holidays. Among the activities included are the…

Garza-Lubeck, Maria; Salinas, Ana Maria

11

Latin American and Caribbean Studies  

E-print Network

Latin American and Caribbean Studies Certificate About Us UWM graduates in the 21st century American and Caribbean Studies Certificate Program (LACS) will be especially well-prepared for careers academic focus in Latin American and Caribbean languages, histories, and cultures. However, the LACS

Saldin, Dilano

12

Annual Report Center for Latin American Studies  

E-print Network

Annual Report Center for Latin American Studies University Center for International Studies.5yeartenureasDirectoroftheCenterforLatin AmericanStudieswillcometoanend.Ithasbeenaveryrewardingandvery quick12,wehaveincreasedthenumberofundergraduatestu dentsenrolledinthecerti icateprogramandthenumberofthesestudentsthat completethecerti icateinLatinAmericanStudiesbyabout20

Jiang, Huiqiang

13

Annual Report Center for Latin American Studies  

E-print Network

Annual Report Center for Latin American Studies University Center for International Studies.TheaccomplishmentsoftheCenter'sfaculty,students,andstaffreportedinthisannualreport demonstratethevibrancyofLatinAmericanStudiesatPitt. Kathleen M. DeWalt Director, Center for Latin American Studies from the 2012 Latin American and Caribbean Festival. #12;Selected Highlights Field Trip to Brazil Latin

Machery, Edouard

14

UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH LATIN AMERICAN COURSE LIST  

E-print Network

at the UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH LATIN AMERICAN COURSE LIST FALL 2013 (2141) #12;2 The Center for Latin American Studies ­Fall Course list--2013 Center for Latin American to enroll in courses on Latin America/the Caribbean or to participate in the programs of Latin American

Machery, Edouard

15

The New Latin American Novel  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes Latin American novelists as portraying the continent as torn by revolution and inflation, by anger and mounting expectations. Instead of denying the fictional qualities of this vision, the novelists transform this linguistic reality into the narrative itself. Only through fiction can the hidden realities of Latin American emerge. (DS)

Rodriguez-Monegal, Emir

1970-01-01

16

UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH LATIN AMERICAN COURSE LIST  

E-print Network

at the UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH LATIN AMERICAN COURSE LIST SPRING (2134) #12;Center for Latin to enroll in courses on Latin America/the Caribbean or to participate in the programs of Latin American, conferences, and the annual Latin American and Caribbean Festival. See the monthly schedule of activities

Machery, Edouard

17

UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH LATIN AMERICAN COURSE LIST  

E-print Network

at the UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH LATIN AMERICAN COURSE LIST SPRING (2114) #12;Center for Latin to enroll in courses on Latin America/the Caribbean or to participate in the programs of Latin American, conferences, and the annual Latin American and Caribbean Festival. See the monthly schedule of activities

Machery, Edouard

18

UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH LATIN AMERICAN COURSE LIST  

E-print Network

at the UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH LATIN AMERICAN COURSE LIST SPRING (2144) #12; Center for Latin to enroll in courses on Latin America/the Caribbean or to participate in the programs of Latin American, conferences, and the annual Latin American and Caribbean Festival. See the monthly schedule of activities

Sibille, Etienne

19

A Survey of the Portuguese Language, Luso-Brazilian and Latin American Area Studies in Institutions of Higher Learning in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This survey of Luso-Brazilian and Latin American Studies which include Brazil and which are currently available in institutions of higher learning in the United States is the fourth survey of its kind undertaken by the Brazilian Embassy and the Brazilian American Cultural Institute. Universities surveyed are listed by state; courses of study are…

Brazilian American Cultural Inst., Washington, DC.

20

THE CENTER FOR LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES (CLAS),  

E-print Network

PRESENT THE CENTER FOR LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES (CLAS), THE LATIN AMERICAN CULTURAL UNION (LACU & William Pitt Union University of Pittsburgh #12;A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE LATIN AMERICAN & CARIBBEAN FESTIVAL In 1979, members of the Center for Latin American Studies (CLAS) were discussing ideas on how to promote

Machery, Edouard

21

UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH LATIN AMERICAN COURSE LIST  

E-print Network

at the UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH LATIN AMERICAN COURSE LIST FALL (2121) #12;2 The Center for Latin American Studies ­Fall Course list--2011 Center for Latin American Studies (CLAS) University of Pittsburgh/the Caribbean or to participate in the programs of Latin American Studies--Related Concentration, Undergraduate

Machery, Edouard

22

UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH LATIN AMERICAN COURSE LIST  

E-print Network

at the UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH LATIN AMERICAN COURSE LIST FALL (2131) #12;2 The Center for Latin American Studies ­Fall Course list--2012 Center for Latin American Studies (CLAS) University of Pittsburgh/the Caribbean or to participate in the programs of Latin American Studies--Related Concentration, Undergraduate

Machery, Edouard

23

Page 180 Latin American Studies Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES  

E-print Network

Page 180 Latin American Studies Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES Department, 707 664-2676 Program Offered Minor in Latin American Studies Latin American Studies Minor The minor in Latin American Studies offers a cross-disciplinary con- centration on an important region

Ravikumar, B.

24

Latin American Theatre in Montreal  

E-print Network

esthetics, please. Well, consider the Marat/Sade trappings—inmates, guards, drama under the gun, nudism, lunacy—but set up for an exclusively domestic, meaning 122 LATIN AMERICAN THEATRE REVIEW Venezuelan, audience. So much of the historical background...

McCaffrey, Mark

1986-04-01

25

Updated: 4/14 Latin American Studies  

E-print Network

Updated: 4/14 Latin American Studies For more information and/or to declare a minor in Latin_matz@uml.edu The interdisciplinary minor in Latin American Studies consists of 18 ­ 24 credits. Six credits of the Spanish language, and Cultural Studies. Coursework for the Latin American Studies minor must meet the following distribution

Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

26

UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH LATIN AMERICAN COURSE LIST  

E-print Network

at the UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH LATIN AMERICAN COURSE LIST SUMMER (2137) #12;S u m m e r C o u r on Latin America/the Caribbean or to participate in the programs of Latin American Studies Latin American and Caribbean Festival. See the monthly schedule of activities on the CLAS website: http

Machery, Edouard

27

UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH LATIN AMERICAN COURSE LIST  

E-print Network

at the UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH LATIN AMERICAN COURSE LIST SUMMER (2147) #12;S u m m e r C o u r on Latin America/the Caribbean or to participate in the programs of Latin American Studies Latin American and Caribbean Festival. See the monthly schedule of activities on the CLAS website: http

Machery, Edouard

28

UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH LATIN AMERICAN COURSE LIST  

E-print Network

at the UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH LATIN AMERICAN COURSE LIST SUMMER (2107) #12;S u m m e r C o u r on Latin America/the Caribbean or to participate in the programs of Latin American Studies Latin American and Caribbean Festival. See the monthly schedule of activities on the CLAS website: http

Machery, Edouard

29

UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH LATIN AMERICAN COURSE LIST  

E-print Network

at the UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH LATIN AMERICAN COURSE LIST SUMMER (2117) #12;S u m m e r C o u r on Latin America/the Caribbean or to participate in the programs of Latin American Studies Latin American and Caribbean Festival. See the monthly schedule of activities on the CLAS website: http

Machery, Edouard

30

UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH LATIN AMERICAN COURSE LIST  

E-print Network

at the UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH LATIN AMERICAN COURSE LIST SUMMER (2127) #12;S u m m e r C o u r on Latin America/the Caribbean or to participate in the programs of Latin American Studies Latin American and Caribbean Festival. See the monthly schedule of activities on the CLAS website: http

Machery, Edouard

31

Latin American Cancer Research Coalition  

Cancer.gov

Established to address the unique needs of Latinos in the Washington-Baltimore metropolitan area, the Latin American Cancer Research Coalition (LACRC)1 at the MedStar Research Institute serves the largest urban concentration of Latinos in the country. Latinos in this region are predominantly of Central and South American ancestry, recently immigrated, uninsured, and largely monolingual.

32

Latin American Research Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over 2,000 research resources, most of which were published during the 1960's and 1970's, are listed in this annotated bibliography for students, teachers, librarians, researchers, and others interested in interdisciplinary resources on Latin America. Although there is a section listing materials for teaching children and young adults, the bulk of…

Sable, Martin H.

33

Latin American Art and Music: A Handbook for Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of essays, curriculum units, and study guides on Latin American art and musical traditions is designed to help interested teachers take a comprehensive approach to teaching these subjects. The introduction features the essay, "Media Resources Available on Latin American Culture: A Survey of Art, Architecture, and Music Articles…

Horton, Judith Page, Ed.

34

Annual Report Center for Latin American Studies  

E-print Network

2007-08 Annual Report Center for Latin American Studies University Center for International Studies for the Center for Latin American Studies abound! During the 2007-2008 academic year, we reached the 40th anniversary of the Latin American certificate pro- grams that are the cornerstone of our training program

Machery, Edouard

35

Updated: 4/12 Latin American Studies  

E-print Network

Updated: 4/12 Latin American Studies Contact Maria Matz, Department of Cultural Studies 978-934-4364 Office: Coburn Hall 113C Courses for a minor field in Latin American Studies are selected from a list at the 200-level or above are required for the Spanish language component. Coursework for the Latin American

Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

36

GEOGRAPHY 155: Latin American Geography Paper Assignment  

E-print Network

GEOGRAPHY 155: Latin American Geography Paper Assignment Due: March 5 (please submit a paper of your choice for a Latin American country. Use data to support your policy argument. Include a table, addressing any issue of importance to Latin American Geography. Please feel free to contact me about ideas

Lopez-Carr, David

37

Modern Latin American History History 315  

E-print Network

1 Modern Latin American History History 315 Consider Resources Primary Resources: diaries, letters popular), theses, the Web... Check subject guides: Research by Subject History Latin American Studies. Encyclopedia of Cuba: People, History, Culture REF F1754 .E53 2003 Encyclopedia of Latin American History

Abolmaesumi, Purang

38

Latin American Network Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Started in 1992 and affiliated with the Lozano Long Institute of Latin American Studies at the University of Texas at Austin, the Latin American Network Information Center (LANIC) is designed to "facilitate access to Internet-based information to, from, or on Latin America." Their site was redesigned in the spring of 2008, and currently their various directories contain over 12,000 unique URLs for use by the general public. These links can be browsed by subject headings or by country, and visitors can look into more discrete topical headings like "food", "political science", and "social work". Along with these high-quality links, visitors can then click on over to their "Digital Initiatives" area. Here they will find digital collections that cover documents from the New Mexican Revolution and the full-text Fidel Castro Speech database. Visitors will also appreciate that many of the site's resources are available in Spanish and Portuguese.

39

Women in Latin American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a bibliography and suggests a number of topics around which a college level history course on Latin American women could be organized. Course topics include migration of women, definition of sex roles, legal status of women, women's work and society, feminism, politics, religion, women and the family, and women's education and…

Lavrin, Asuncion

1981-01-01

40

UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH LATIN AMERICAN COURSE LIST  

E-print Network

at the UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH LATIN AMERICAN COURSE LIST FALL (2111) #12;Center University 4200 Posv Pittsburgh www.ucis Students a of Latin A undergrad Western c want infor juasenjo@ Students a annual Lat http://www Program application in Latin A a student e Acceptabl Latin Ame internation count

Machery, Edouard

41

Major Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Latin America: A Comparison with the United States. The Latin American Consortium of Studies in Obesity (LASO)  

PubMed Central

Background Limited knowledge on the prevalence and distribution of risk factors impairs the planning and implementation of cardiovascular prevention programs in the Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) region. Methods and Findings Prevalence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, abnormal lipoprotein levels, obesity, and smoking were estimated from individual-level patient data pooled from population-based surveys (1998–2007, n?=?31,009) from eight LAC countries and from a national survey of the United States (US) population (1999–2004) Age and gender specific prevalence were estimated and age-gender adjusted comparisons between both populations were conducted. Prevalence of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and low high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol in LAC were 5% (95% confidence interval [95% CI]: 3.4, 7.9), 20.2% (95% CI: 12.5, 31), and 53.3% (95% CI: 47, 63.4), respectively. Compared to LAC region’s average, the prevalence of each risk factor tended to be lower in Peru and higher in Chile. LAC women had higher prevalence of obesity and low HDL-cholesterol than men. Obesity, hypercholesterolemia, and hypertriglyceridemia were more prevalent in the US population than in LAC population (31 vs. 16.1%, 16.8 vs. 8.9%, and 36.2 vs. 26.5%, respectively). However, the prevalence of low HDL-cholesterol was higher in LAC than in the US (53.3 vs. 33.7%). Conclusions Major cardiovascular risk factors are highly prevalent in LAC region, in particular low HDL-cholesterol. In addition, marked differences do exist in this prevalence profile between LAC and the US. The observed patterns of obesity-related risk factors and their current and future impact on the burden of cardiovascular diseases remain to be explained. PMID:23349785

Chirinos, Julio A.; Gómez, Luis F.; Perel, Pablo; Pichardo, Rafael; González, Angel; Sánchez, José R.; Ferreccio, Catterina; Aguilera, Ximena; Silva, Eglé; Oróstegui, Myriam; Medina-Lezama, Josefina; Pérez, Cynthia M.; Suárez, Erick; Ortiz, Ana P.; Rosero, Luis; Schapochnik, Noberto; Ortiz, Zulma; Ferrante, Daniel; Casas, Juan P.

2013-01-01

42

UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH LATIN AMERICAN COURSE LIST  

E-print Network

at the UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH LATIN AMERICAN COURSE LIST SPRING (2124) #12; Center University Hispanic Lang Please contact Latin Americ Revisions to American gh International S s * 412-648-7 d University 4200 Posv Pittsburgh www.ucis Students a of Latin A undergrad non-Weste registratio (email jua

Machery, Edouard

43

Brazil & the Latin American Economy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week's In the News follows repercussions of world financial crises in the key Latin American economy of Brazil. The nine resources discussed provide background information, press coverage, and economic data on Brazil and related economies. With a population of 164 million and GDP of $480 billion, Brazil represents Latin America's largest economic force. Heavy US financial investments, however, tie Brazil directly to Dow Jones Industrial Average falls (reviewed in the September 10, 1998 Scout for Business & Economics) and their Asian and Russian causes (reviewed in the July 16, 1998 _Scout Report for Business & Economics_--http://scout.cs.wisc.edu/report/bus-econ/1998/be-980716txt.html#22). International concern for Latin America grew when Brazil lost $1.8 billion in foreign capital following drops in the Dow, September 10, 1998--a decisive factor in stock tumbles in Mexico and Venezuela as well. Such damaging results led to a bold rise in interest rates from the Banco Central do Brasil and negotiations with the IMF. A US and Brazilian market rally since September 11, however, leaves many officials hopeful for a stable Latin American future.

Waters, Megan.

1998-01-01

44

Policy Shocks: On the Legal Auspices of Latin American Migration to the United States  

PubMed Central

In this paper, I compare the transition into legal permanent residence (LPR) of Mexicans, Dominicans, and Nicaraguans. Dominicans had the highest likelihood of obtaining residence, mostly sponsored by parents and spouses. Mexicans had the lowest LPR transition rates and presented sharp gender differentials in modes: women mostly legalized through husbands while men were sponsored through IRCA, parents. Nicaraguans stood in-between, presenting few gender differences in rates and modes of transition and a heavy dependence on asylum and special provisions such as IRCA and NACARA. I argue these patterns stem from the interplay of conditions favoring the emigration of and the specific immigration policy context faced by migrant pioneers; the influence of social networks in reproducing the legal character of flows; and differences in the actual use of kinship ties as sponsors. I discuss the implications of these trends on the observed gendered patterns of migration from Latin America. PMID:21921965

Riosmena, Fernando

2011-01-01

45

North American adult literacy programs and Latin American immigrants: how critical pedagogy can help nonprofit literacy programming in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

As nonprofit adult literacy programs are often the only options for low-income Latin American immigrants in North America, problems accompanying these programs affect the ability of immigrants to benefit from them. North American nonprofit adult literacy programs often struggle due to the difficulties inherent in using volunteer instructors (often from different cultural backgrounds than participants) who use curricula that often

Rolf Straubhaar

2012-01-01

46

“Vulnerability, Resiliency, and Adaptation: The Health of Latin Americans during the Migration Process to the United States”*  

PubMed Central

In this paper, we offer a general outlook of the health of Latin Americans (with a special emphasis on Mexicans) during the different stages of the migration process to the U.S. given the usefulness of the social vulnerability concept and given that said vulnerability varies conspicuously across the different stages of the migration process. Severe migrant vulnerability during the transit and crossing has serious negative health consequences. Yet, upon their arrival to the U.S., migrant health is favorable in outcomes such as mortality by many causes of death and in several chronic conditions and risk factors, though these apparent advantages seem to disappear during the process of adaptation to the host society. We discuss potential explanations for the initial health advantage and the sources of vulnerability that explain its erosion, with special emphasis in systematic timely access to health care. Given that migration can affect social vulnerability processes in sending areas, we discuss the potential health consequences for these places and conclude by considering the immigration and health policy implications of these issues for the United States and sending countries, with emphasis on Mexico. PMID:24660053

Riosmena, Fernando; Jochem, Warren C.

2013-01-01

47

LATIN--Latin American Regional News Agency.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The establishment of a regional news agency for Latin America to improve the balance of news flow and increase the transmission of news more applicable to regional problems has often been proposed. Despite wide acceptance of the concept, the birth of the Third World's first regional news agency, Agencia Latinoamericana de Informacion (LATIN), has…

Nichols, John Spicer

48

TILAN: Trends in Latin American Networking  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new site from the Latin American Network Information Center (LANIC) at the University of Texas (last reviewed in the (November 13, 1998 Scout Report) offers a number of resources regarding the expansion of the Internet throughout the countries of Latin America. These include full-text research papers and articles on networking in Latin America (some in Spanish only), several collections of statistics, very brief summaries of basic networking statistics for each Latin American country with links to further information, and a subject directory of related sites. Although TILAN is still quite modest, users interested in tracking the Latin American Internet will want to monitor the site's development.

49

Myths of Anti-Americanism The Case of Latin America  

Microsoft Academic Search

LATIN AMERICA MAY JUSTLY BE called the wise old man of anti-Americanism. After two centuries of relations with the United States, the countries south of the Rio Grande have gained much knowledge about the contradictions of living next to a superpower that protects while occupying, invests as it exploits, and professes friendship as it makes enemies. More and more Latin

ALAN MCPHERSON

50

Latin American Public Opinion Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Started by Mitchell A. Seligson, the Latin American Public Opinion Project is based at Vanderbilt University. The Project has engaged in research on a variety of issues that resonate with the region, including the public's trust of local municipal government and related matters. First-time visitors to the homepage can click on different parts of the Americas to view technical information, reports, and questionnaires from these areas. Moving on, visitors can scroll down to the "AmericasBarometer Insights Series" section to view recent reports in both Spanish and English. Recent works include "Crime and Support for Coups in Latin America" and "Public Insecurity in Central America and Mexico". Visitors should also look over the "Questionnaires, Studies & Publications" area to search papers in a more organized fashion. Scholars will definitely want to check out their data sets and analytical tools in the "Data & On-Line Analysis" area. Finally, visitors can also sign up for their RSS feed on the site.

51

Annual Report Center for Latin American Studies  

E-print Network

-hand accounts of events of interest concerning Latin America provided as blogs by our faculty, students and that centered around the exhibit Queloides: Race and Racism in Cuban Contemporary Art (co-curated by CLAS of Latin American Studies (MACLAS) Conference on Globalization and Well-Being in Latin America. Through

Machery, Edouard

52

Literary Analysis of Three Latin American Short Stories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This unit was developed to give students in grades 7-12 a fuller understanding of the Latin American world, which is a growing part of the multicultural atmosphere in the United States. The unit is used currently in the seventh grade gifted Language Arts program at B. T. Washington Junior High School (Florida). The unit includes; (1) basic…

Vantrease, Maureen

53

CRCHD SPN Publications: Latin American Cancer Research Coalition (LACRC)  

Cancer.gov

CRCHD SPN Publications: Latin American Cancer Research Coalition (LACRC)  Back to CRCHD Completed Research SPN Publications Latin American Cancer Research Coalition (LACRC) Latin American Cancer Research Coalition (LACRC) Principal Investigator:

54

CRCHD SPN Pilot: Latin American Cancer Research Coalition (LACRC)  

Cancer.gov

CRCHD SPN Pilot: Latin American Cancer Research Coalition (LACRC)  Back to CRCHD Completed Research SPN Project Listing Latin American Cancer Research Coalition (LACRC) Latin American Cancer Research Coalition (LACRC) Principal Investigator: Elmer

55

LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES: Forty Years of Inspiration, Devotion,  

E-print Network

LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES: Forty Years of Inspiration, Devotion, Innovation and Excellence by Michael ............................................................................................................... 9 Collective Efforts to Build Research and Teaching Strength in Latin American Studies ....................................................................................................................... 12 1960's: The Latin American Studies Field School .............................................. 14

Habib, Ayman

56

Pedagogy of a Latin American Festival.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies the cultural images and knowledge produced by a Latin American organization in the U.S. south as it plans and produces a Latin American festival. In addition, the complexity of the ethnographic portrayal of the festival is described, with implications drawn for other ethnographic studies. (SLD)

Murillo, Enrique G., Jr.

1997-01-01

57

Latin American guidelines on hypertension. Latin American Expert Group.  

PubMed

Hypertension is a highly prevalent cardiovascular risk factor in the world and particularly overwhelming in low and middle-income countries. Recent reports from the WHO and the World Bank highlight the importance of chronic diseases such as hypertension as an obstacle to the achievement of good health status. It must be added that for most low and middle-income countries, deficient strategies of primary healthcare are the major obstacles for blood pressure control. Furthermore, the epidemiology of hypertension and related diseases, healthcare resources and priorities, the socioeconomic status of the population vary considerably in different countries and in different regions of individual countries. Considering the low rates of blood pressure control achieved in Latin America and the benefits that can be expected from an improved control, it was decided to invite specialists from different Latin American countries to analyze the regional situation and to provide a consensus document on detection, evaluation and treatment of hypertension that may prove to be cost-utility adequate. The recommendations here included are the result of preparatory documents by invited experts and a subsequent very active debate by different discussion panels, held during a 2-day sessions in Asuncion, Paraguay, in May 2008. Finally, in order to improve clinical practice, the publication of the guidelines should be followed by implementation of effective interventions capable of overcoming barriers (cognitive, behavioral and affective) preventing attitude changes in both physicians and patients. PMID:19349909

Sanchez, Ramiro A; Ayala, Miryam; Baglivo, Hugo; Velazquez, Carlos; Burlando, Guillermo; Kohlmann, Oswaldo; Jimenez, Jorge; Jaramillo, Patricio López; Brandao, Ayrton; Valdes, Gloria; Alcocer, Luis; Bendersky, Mario; Ramirez, Agustín José; Zanchetti, Alberto

2009-05-01

58

Florida Atlantic University Caribbean and Latin American Studies Certificate (CLAS)  

E-print Network

Florida Atlantic University Caribbean and Latin American Studies Certificate (CLAS) Application to Latin American Studies (LAS 2000) _________ _______ _________ II. Language proficiency (equivalent of 4

Fernandez, Eduardo

59

Stochastic Trends in Stock Prices: Evidence from Latin American Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the long-run relationship between stock indices from six Latin American markets and the United States. The empirical investigation is conducted using weekly data from January 1989 to December 1993, unit root tests, cointegration tests, and error-correction models. Results from the unit root tests provide evidence of a stochastic trend in all indices. Results from the cointegration tests

Taufiq Choudhry

1997-01-01

60

Latin American Outlook April 1, 2000: Chile Moves On  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The April 2000 issue of Latin American Outlook from the AEI consists of the article "Chile Moves On," by Mark Folcoff. Latin American Outlook is a monthly newsletter on political and economic developments in Latin America.

Folcoff, Mark.

2000-01-01

61

African American Studies & Research Center and Latin American & Latino Studies  

E-print Network

in Central America and Spanish Jamaica 5. Eclectic Bigotry in South Atlantic Societies: Racism, Hybridity Symposium on African American Culture & Philosophy "Afro"Afro--Latin America:Latin America: Rethinking Stewart Center, 3rd Floor West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 #12;"Afro-Latin America: Rethinking Identity

Pittendrigh, Barry

62

Annual Report Center for Latin American Studies  

E-print Network

in health, health care policy, and human security. We began our activities on this theme with the workshop such diverse topics as: (des)articulaciones in/with Latin American and Caribbean Cultural Processes: Memory. For this four-year NRC cycle, we have chosen as our theme "Globalization and Health and Health Policy in Latin

Machery, Edouard

63

Latin American & Caribbean Studies Seminar Series  

E-print Network

S Latin American & Caribbean Studies Seminar Series Learn more: www.LatinAmerica.isp.msu.edu All September 28 Mexican Consulate Research Fellows (IME-Becas) Panel Yareth Fernández, Art and Art History/Costa Rica Women's Reproductive Health Conference Report Libby Bogdan-Lovis, Center for Ethics and Humanities

Liu, Taosheng

64

The American Library Association in Latin America: American Librarianship as a "Modern" Model during the Good Neighbor Policy Era.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through American Library Association (ALA) projects in Latin America, American librarianship progressed from conceptualization to implementation as the model in modernizing Latin American library practices and societies. Development of library practices was fundamental to pursuit of a "modern" society. In fighting fascist propaganda, the United

Maymi-Sugranes, Hector J.

2002-01-01

65

ITI/US Acquires Latin American Theatre Collection  

E-print Network

FALL1Q8K 151 in/US Acquires Latin American Theatre Collection The International Theatre Institute of the United States (ITI/US) announces the availability of its Library's recent acquisition: Theatre of Latin America Collection. The TOLA... of publication. This valuable material, most of which is not accessible anywhere else in this coun try, was collected by Joanne Pottlitzer while she was director of Theatre of Latin America, Inc. (TOLA), from 1966-1980. The Collec tion was donated to ITI/US...

Editors

1988-10-01

66

AFTER LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES: A GUIDE TO GRADUATE STUDY AND  

E-print Network

AFTER LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES: A GUIDE TO GRADUATE STUDY AND EMPLOYMENT FOR LATIN AMERICANISTS by SHIRLEY A. KREGAR and JORGE NALLIM Revised Edition Fall 2000 LATIN AMERICAN MONOGRAPH & DOCUMENT SERIES #10 Published by the Center for Latin American Studies University Center for International Studies 4E

Machery, Edouard

67

APPLICATION FOR ADMISSION UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMS IN LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES  

E-print Network

APPLICATION FOR ADMISSION UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMS IN LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES Name: Student SELECTION I am applying to the: G Related Concentration in Latin American Studies (on-campus course work) G Undergraduate Certificate in Latin American Studies (requires a minimum of six weeks' study in Latin America

Machery, Edouard

68

American Regionalism and the United Nations  

Microsoft Academic Search

American regionalism has phases through history which must be considered in relation to the United Nations. The Monroe Doctrine was first a unilateral policy of the United States to protect the American continent from European encroachment. Simón Bolivar, the leader of Latin-American independence, tried to form a loose federation of American States. Towards the end of the nineteenth century, there

Carlos Gibson

1965-01-01

69

Latin American Business History: Resources and Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Starting in December 2007, a team of researchers at the Harvard Business School began interviewing 21 leading business practitioners from Argentina and Chile for their Latin American business history initiative. The hope is that these oral histories will serve as a valuable resource for research on the business history of these two countries since the 1960s. On this site, visitors can listen to the interviews (in Spanish) and also read transcripts in English. Each profile contains a brief biography of each businessperson, along with material on their service to their respective industry. Moving on, visitors can also look through the rest of the Baker Library Historical Collections, which include collection of Brazilian railroad company records and the photographic records of the United Fruit Company.

70

Introduction Latin American Map: You set the  

E-print Network

(summer) · Example: Mexico City #12;Middle American & Caribbean lowlands · Land forms and soils Limestone Dry lands #12;#12;© T. M. Whitmore Latitude/Longitude = 37.45o N; 122.26o W Average Annual Temperature;TODAY · Latin American Diversity: Introduction · What is Geography? · Physical Geography of Mexico

Lopez-Carr, David

71

LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES MINOR REQUIREMENTS CHECKLIST  

E-print Network

Small, Round & Juicy: The Modern Hispanic Short Story SPAN 272 Gender and Sexuality in Latina Literature C SPAN 333 Subversive Feminine Enjoyment in Latin American, Hispanic and Latino Film and Literature SPAN 335 20th Century Spanish American Literature SPAN 336 Feminist Discourse and Feminist Theories

Galles, David

72

Latin American & Caribean Government Documents Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Latin American and Carribean Government Documents Project, provided by David Block of the Olin Library of Cornell University, attempts to "organize and describe the many Latin American official documents now appearing on the Internet." The site is organized by country and agency, within subject themes that include statistical sources, executive documents, national legislative documents, national judicial documents, and subnational documents. The contents of each site are briefly summarized. This is a very well organized, concise pointer site that should be very useful to interested Internauts. Note that most of the pointers are to Spanish language sites.

Block, David.

1996-01-01

73

The Call of Concrete Moral Conscience: Another Latin American Contribution to the Idea of Human Rights  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, I argue that the contribution of the Latin American tradition of human rights includes, but does not limit itself, to being a crucible to unite different doctrinal trends in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights; a contribution already recognized by Mary Ann Glendon. Besides this unifying function and the concomitant emphasis on common humanity, the Latin American

Jorge Mario RodríGuez-Martínez

2010-01-01

74

2010-2011 Undergraduate Bulletin Latin American Studies  

E-print Network

2010-2011 Undergraduate Bulletin Latin American Studies College of Social & Behavioral Sciences, Latin American studies minors should enter the code LATA in the column where minors are listed. POLICIES of credits in minor may be taken P/N. LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES MINOR Required for Minor (16 credits) (Choose 3

Bates, Rebecca A.

75

Latin American Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Clients: Implications for Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The demand for clinical services for both Latin Americans and the lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) population is increasing rapidly. Consequently, LGB Latin Americans are more likely to seek clinical services. Article highlights critical characteristics of Latin American and LGB culture, and provides identity development, counseling, and ethical…

Sager, Jennifer B.; Schlimmer, Elizabeth A.; Hellmann, James A.

2001-01-01

76

College of Arts and Sciences LAS Latin American Studies  

E-print Network

College of Arts and Sciences LAS Latin American Studies KEY: # = new course * = course changed AMERICA. (3) An interdisciplinary approach to the people, culture and development of the Latin American LATIN AMERICAN LITERATURE IN TRANSLATION (Subtitle required). (3) This course examines particular

MacAdam, Keith

77

UNDERGRADUATE The Latin American and Caribbean Area Studies  

E-print Network

332 UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMS The Latin American and Caribbean Area Studies (LACAS) program offers are prepared for careers of teaching and research in the Latin American, Caribbean or U.S. Latino fields with the director of the LACAS program. LACAS Major The undergraduate major in Latin American and Caribbean area

Suzuki, Masatsugu

78

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SANTA CRUZ Latin American and Latino Studies  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SANTA CRUZ Latin American and Latino Studies Ongoing Lecturer Pool The Latin American and Latino Studies Department at the University of California, Santa Cruz, invites available), and samples of course syllabi to: Latin American and Latino Studies Department Merrill College

California at Santa Cruz, University of

79

APPLICATION FOR ADMISSION GRADUATE PROGRAMS IN LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES  

E-print Network

APPLICATION FOR ADMISSION GRADUATE PROGRAMS IN LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES Name: Student or National ID applying to the Graduate Certificate in Latin American Studies. G I am applying to the Graduate Certificate in Latin American Social and Public Policy. FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE G I have applied to my major school

Machery, Edouard

80

Center for Latin American Studies University Center for International Studies  

E-print Network

Center for Latin American Studies University Center for International Studies University of Pittsburgh Annual Report 2002-03 December 2003 #12;Message from the Director In 1964, a Latin American, Pitt's Center for Latin American Studies (CLAS) has become internationally recognized for excellence

Machery, Edouard

81

2008-2009 Undergraduate Bulletin Latin American Studies  

E-print Network

2008-2009 Undergraduate Bulletin Latin American Studies College of Social & Behavioral Sciences filing for graduation, Latin American studies minors should enter the code LATA in the column where minors are listed. LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES MINOR Required for Minor (16 credits): Choose 3-7 credits from

Bates, Rebecca A.

82

Female Immigrants to the United States: Caribbean, Latin American, and African Experiences. RIIES Occasional Paper No. 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seminar papers on the recent immigrantion of women from the Caribbean, Latin America, and Africa are collected in the first part of this two-part book. Titles (and authors) of the papers are: (1) "The New Immigration: The Female Majority" (Roy S. Bryce-Laporte); (2) "Race, Ethnicity, and Sex in the Recent Immigration: Some Preliminary Comments"…

Mortimer, Delores M., Ed.; Bryce-Laporte, Roy S., Ed.

83

Library Guide: Latin American Literature, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for use by those conducting research in Latin American literature written in Spanish, this guide contains annotations for a wide range of selected works. The guide is divided into the seven sections: (1) General Encyclopedias (1 annotation); (2) Guides to the Literature (4 annotations); (3) Literary Encyclopedias, Dictionaries and…

de Sumar, Juanita Jara, Comp.

84

Latin American White Cheese – A Review1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Manufacture and applications of Latin American White Cheese are reviewed. This cheese can be made from whole milk of cows, goats, and water buffalos as a means of preserving the food value of milk. Milk is clotted with rennet or precipitated by direct acidification. Typ- ically the cheese is made without starter cultures. Cheese curd may be obtained by direct

Normanella Torres; R. C. Chandan

1981-01-01

85

Imagining Globalization through Latin American Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through a combination of practical applications and theoretical underpinnings, this article explores the question of how to approach the teaching of Latin American Literature in the current period of globalization. Many theorists argue that we need new epistemologies in which to ground our pedagogy for the 21st century. Understanding the effects…

Seminet, Georgia

2009-01-01

86

Latin American traditions and perspectives  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Educational and related non-pedagogical issues are generally described and discussed. Implicitly or explicitly, the theology of liberation, educación popular and traditional education tend to perpetuate male/female roles and very often incite violence. Peace education in Latin America should concentrate more on the pathology of the violent man. The so-called `weaknesses' associated with women and their `powerlessness' in Western civilization are precisely those which are absolutely essential to our survival. It is important for women to reject Western patterns of violence and participate actively in finding a viable alternative.

Garcia, Celina

1983-09-01

87

Latin American Pamphlet Digital Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Over the centuries, thousands of pamphlets have been published to serve various purposes. Some have been preserved by individuals and prescient institutions, but countless others have disappeared forever. Harvard University's Widener Library has over 5000 pamphlets from 19th and 20th century Latin America, and until recently, they remained uncataloged and mostly inaccessible. Visitors to this site can browse the collection by title, subject, name, and genre. The materials offered here range from documents on accounting practices to those dealing with yellow fever. Additionally, visitors looking for descriptive documents that describe unexplored territories and the relationship between church and state will not be disappointed. The site also contains a nice help feature and visitors can also email questions to staff members at the library.

88

2012 Teacher Training Network Latin American & Caribbean Studies  

E-print Network

1 2012 Teacher Training Network Latin American & Caribbean Studies Selected Summer Institutes University Stone Center for Latin American Studies is leading an optional field trip to Guatemala. For more Educational Resources (PIER), the Council on Latin America and Iberian Studies (CLAIS) and the Peabody Museum

Saldin, Dilano

89

The Bologna Process from a Latin American Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although Latin America's geography, history, and languages might seem a suitable foundation for a Bologna-type process, the development of a common Latin American higher education and research area meets predictable difficulties.The reasons are to be found in the continent's historic and modern institutional patterns. Latin American governments…

Brunner, Jose Joaquin

2009-01-01

90

Population communication: the Latin American experience.  

PubMed

Latin America is the 5th most populous area in the world; in Central America 40% of the population is made up of indigenous groups, the remaining 60% comprise mixed European and Africa strains. The entire Latin American are faces a set of similar problems: 1) an inadequate agrarian structure, 2) unchecked urban growth, 3) high illiteracy and school drop-out rates, and 4) the undervaluation of the area's natural products by the developed countries. The increased Latin American population has had to face the additional problem of increasing unemployment rates; 10.29% in 1983 and 11.19% in 1984. The deterioration of rural living conditions, falling investment in the sector, and their lack of opportunities invariably constitute a stimulus for the endless rural exodus toward the cities. The Regional Program of Rural Communication for Latin America and the Caribbean helps national organizations (both official and private) and conducts activities related to communication and population issues by creating systems for diffusion, personnel training, and intermediate and mass communication. The basic components of the direct training program have been regional and subregional seminar courses and workshops; since 1973, 700 professional personnel have been trained directly. The Regional Program collaborates with member states in solving the zone's important population problem. PMID:12268118

Taborga, A

1985-06-01

91

Inefficiency in Latin-American market indices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We explore the deviations from efficiency in the returns and volatility returns of Latin-American market indices. Two different approaches are considered. The dynamics of the Hurst exponent is obtained via a wavelet rolling sample approach, quantifying the degree of long memory exhibited by the stock market indices under analysis. On the other hand, the Tsallis q entropic index is measured in order to take into account the deviations from the Gaussian hypothesis. Different dynamic rankings of inefficieny are obtained, each of them contemplates a different source of inefficiency. Comparing with the results obtained for a developed country (US), we confirm a similar degree of long-range dependence for our emerging markets. Moreover, we show that the inefficiency in the Latin-American countries comes principally from the non-Gaussian form of the probability distributions.

Zunino, L.; Tabak, B. M.; Pérez, D. G.; Garavaglia, M.; Rosso, O. A.

2007-11-01

92

HLAS Online: Handbook of Latin American Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The U.S. Library of Congress Hispanic Division has recently made all volumes from 1935 onward of its Handbook of Latin American Studies available for searching on the web. "The multidisciplinary Handbook alternates annually between the social sciences and the humanities. Each year, more than 130 academics from around the world choose over 5,000 works for inclusion in the Handbook." Users can search by subject, author, or title in basic search mode, and there is also a more powerful expert searching mode available. Retrieval includes complete bibliographic information, and subject listings are linked to other citations related to that subject. This is an exhaustive, authoritative source of Latin American Studies information.

1997-01-01

93

Ignoring taboos: Maria Lenk, Latin American inspirationalist.  

PubMed

Maria Lenk is widely recognized as an exceptional athlete who participated in women's sport from around 1930 until 1950. In 1932, at the age of seventeen, she was the first woman to be included in a Latin American delegation to the Olympic Games. As a swimmer, she still sets world records at the age of eighty-six. This super-champion's sporting achievements and her persistent dedication to the advancement of sport still impress and surprise todays professional swimmers and researchers. Contextualised in the male-dominated society of Brazil during the first half of the twentieth century, this chapter traces the achievement, and rise to international fame, of Maria Lenk. It examines the factors that enabled her to emerge not only as an important figure in sport but also as an icon of female emancipation in Brazilian and Latin American society. The focus is on Lenk's influence on the issues which affected the development of women's sport in Latin America. It also highlights the significance of Lenk's contribution to the changing place of women in Brazilian and South American society. PMID:18604909

Votre, S; Mourão, L

2001-01-01

94

Council on Latin American & Iberian Studies Film Events Spring 2012  

E-print Network

Council on Latin American & Iberian Studies Film Events Spring 2012 7:00pm, February 21 Whitney challenges and dance once more. Sponsored by the Council on for Latin American & Iberian Studies at the Mac; the Department of Music; New England Festival of Ibero American Cinema (NEFIAC); Silliman College; Timothy Dwight

95

Latin American Theatre Review, Volume 12, Number 1: Front Matter  

E-print Network

. Institutions, $9.00 per year. Back Please direct all correspondence to: Editors, Latin American Theatre Review, The Center of Latin American Studies, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045. LATIN i AMERICAN 10 /' THEATRE • **/ REVIEW FALH978..., plays will be performed by The Bilingual Theatre Group PROMETEO (Miami Dade Community College, New World Campus) and the Florida International University Theatre Group, under the direction of Alonso Alegría, Visiting Director. For more details...

Editors

1978-10-01

96

2013-14 Center for Latin American Studies Call for Proposals The Center for Latin American Studies (CLAS) serves to advance knowledge and  

E-print Network

2013-14 Center for Latin American Studies Call for Proposals The Center for Latin American Studies (CLAS) serves to advance knowledge and public understanding of Latin America, and fosters intellectual

He, Chuan

97

Revolutions: Interdisciplinary Approaches to Teaching Printmaking and Latin American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a U.S. Department of Education grant to expand Latin American and Caribbean Studies at Albright College, the authors of this article, one a historian and one an artist, teamed up to teach a course called Revolutions: Art and Revolution in Latin America. In the class, they proposed to combine a studio art printmaking class with Latin

Kiddy, Elizabeth; Woodward, Kristen T.

2013-01-01

98

Page 1 | B.A. in Latin American Studies | Academic Plan of Study Updated April 2014 B.A. in Latin American Studies  

E-print Network

Page 1 | B.A. in Latin American Studies | Academic Plan of Study Updated April 2014 B.A. in Latin American Studies Academic Plan of Study College of Liberal Arts & Sciences Latin American Studies Program Center · Minimum Grades/GPA: To graduate, students majoring in Latin American Studies must have

Raja, Anita

99

LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES 2014-16 Degree Plan (expires August 2022)  

E-print Network

LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES 2014-16 Degree Plan (expires August 2022) http://www.utexas the following: LAS 315 Introductory Topics in Latin American Social Sciences LAS 319 Geography of Latin America LAS 324L Topics in Latin American Anthropology LAS 325 Topics in Latin American Sociology LAS 330

Texas at Austin, University of

100

Contemporary Research on Latin American Education: A Review and Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To prepare the education chapter for the forthcoming volume of the U.S. Library of Congress'"Handbook of Latin American Studies," the author reviewed over 500 publications on Latin American education issued between 1978 and 1983; the abstracts of approximately 200 of them will be published in the forthcoming volume of the Handbook. The research…

Egginton, Everett; Koppel, Sheree

101

CENTER FOR LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES, UC BERKELEY 11Spring 2014  

E-print Network

CENTER FOR LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES, UC BERKELEY 11Spring 2014 M exico waking up. Mexico moving, the presidential residence. The TV networks. The union gerontocracy. The business monopolies. The corporatist bases's president, Enrique Pe�a Nieto. PhotobyEneasdeTroya. #12;BERKELEY REVIEW OF LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES 12 Mexico

Kammen, Daniel M.

102

Latin American Political Thought Paulina Ochoa Espejo Summer 2013  

E-print Network

Latin American Political Thought PLSC 328 LATS 328 Paulina Ochoa Espejo Summer 2013 e-mail : ana that Latin American thinkers have given to the fundamental questions in social and political philosophy: Who Cruz, Poems, Protests and a Dream, trans. M Sayers Peden NY, Penguin, 1997 Fernando Henrique Cardoso

103

PREDICTING PERFORMANCE AND QUANTIFYING CORPORATE GOVERNANCE RISK FOR LATIN AMERICAN ADRS AND BANKS  

E-print Network

PREDICTING PERFORMANCE AND QUANTIFYING CORPORATE GOVERNANCE RISK FOR LATIN AMERICAN ADRS AND BANKS governance risk in the case of Latin American markets. We compare our results using Adaboost with logistic re of Latin American American Depository Receipts (ADRs), and on another sample of Latin American banks. We

Freund, Yoav

104

Latin American Research Review, Vol. 46, No. 1. 2011 by the Latin American Studies Association. BAC K TO T H E FOR E ST  

E-print Network

Latin American Research Review, Vol. 46, No. 1. © 2011 by the Latin American Studies Association has pro- duced a series of changes in rural Latin American livelihoods that affect forest transition). Contrary to what has been observed in Europe and North America, in Latin America, forest transitions tend

105

Interethnic admixture and the evolution of Latin American populations  

PubMed Central

A general introduction to the origins and history of Latin American populations is followed by a systematic review of the data from molecular autosomal assessments of the ethnic/continental (European, African, Amerindian) ancestries for 24 Latin American countries or territories. The data surveyed are of varying quality but provide a general picture of the present constitution of these populations. A brief discussion about the applications of these results (admixture mapping) is also provided. Latin American populations can be viewed as natural experiments for the investigation of unique anthropological and epidemiological issues. PMID:24764751

Salzano, Francisco Mauro; Sans, Monica

2014-01-01

106

1997/98 CSULB Catalog Latin American Studies 417 Norma Chinchilla  

E-print Network

1997/98 CSULB Catalog · Latin American Studies · 417 Director Norma Chinchilla Phone (562) 985 (History) Jane Howell (Anthropology) Certificate in Latin American Studies (code 1-8090) Latin American- portunity to pursue courses leading to a Certificate in Latin American Studies. Courses used to meet

Sorin, Eric J.

107

Saving Rates in Latin American: Why Reformers Got It Wrong  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the saving behavior of 18 Latin American countries in the 1976-2000 period compared to a group of 25 other middle-income developing countries. Over this period, Latin American saving rates have been consistently below the comparison group, despite extensive economic reforms undertaken in the region during the late 1980s\\/early 1990s designed to improve saving performance. While reformers expected

Nola Reinhardt

108

Latin American Theatre Review, Volume 36, Number 1: Front Matter  

E-print Network

LATIN AMERICAN THEATRE REVIEW a Journal devoted to the Theatre and Drama of Spanish and Portuguese America Editor Associate Editor Book Review Editor Assistant Editors Festival Report Editor Editorial Assistant Publisher George... Woodyard Vicky Unruh Jacqueline Bixler Danny Anderson Michael J. Doudoroff Claudia Villegas-Silva Paola Hernández Lee Skinner Cacilda Rêgo Center of Latin American Studies The University of Kansas Elizabeth Kuznesof, Director Subscription...

Editors

2002-10-01

109

Winter 2005 57 Page 6--Latin American Social and  

E-print Network

Poetry by Mexican Women/Una an- tología bilingüe de poesía contemporáena de mujeres Mexicanas (UniversityWinter 2005 · 57 Inside ·Page 6--Latin American Social and Public Policy Conference ·Page 9 Years of Excellence in Scholarship and Training in Latin American Studies: 1964-2004 Left to right

Machery, Edouard

110

A. Complete through the third year of a Latin American language (3 -22 credits): Concentration in Latin American Studies Requirements: 42-61 credits  

E-print Network

of a Latin American language (3 - 22 credits): Cr Concentration in Latin American Studies Requirements: 42, or substitution with advisor approval. 4. A & B: INTERNATIONAL STUDIES DEPTH AND INTEGRATION 42 upper division

111

Dear 1Ls and LLMs: The Harvard Latin American Law Society (HLALS) exists to promote dialogue of Latin  

E-print Network

Dear 1Ls and LLMs: The Harvard Latin American Law Society (HLALS) exists to promote dialogue of Latin American legal, political and cultural ideas at Harvard Law School. Through roundtable discussions entitled "International Business Transactions in Latin America," and delegation trips to Argentina, Chile

Wolfe, Patrick J.

112

LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES 2012-14 Degree Plan (expires August 2020)  

E-print Network

LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES 2012-14 Degree Plan (expires August 2020) Teresa Lozano Long Institute for Latin American Studies (LLILAS) SRH 1.340 512-471-9419 CORE AND LIBERAL ARTS REQUIREMENTS Core First and Issues in Latin America GOV 328L Intro to Latin American Government and Politics Course from Anthropology

Texas at Austin, University of

113

BERKELEY REVIEW OF LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES 2 Building on Education  

E-print Network

BERKELEY REVIEW OF LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES 2 Building on Education I t seems an unlikely place doesn't stand alone. It is one of 10 similar spaces built to transform Medell�n by fostering education American leader spoke about education as an agent of transformation and as the path to combat violence

Kammen, Daniel M.

114

Latin America: Its Land, Story and Peoples (An Instructional Unit for the Middle Grades). Instructional Unit No. 3 with Readings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 8- to 12-week introductory unit is designed to give fifth, sixth or seventh graders an overview of Latin American geography, history (before, during, and after European rule) and culture. Exploring Mexico and Peru in particular, the unit places emphasis on the individual, the family, racial composition, social classes, religion, education,…

Gill, Clark C.; Conroy, William B.

115

An American Management Training Model in a Latin American Context: Some Implications for International Business Consultants.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluates an American management training program within a Latin American context, exploring the efficacy of using exported, prepackaged training materials within a different cultural realm. The paper focuses on a case study from rural Nicaragua. Suggests that a different approach to management training in Latin America is justified based on…

Pisani, Michael J.

2000-01-01

116

The University of Texas at Austin -College of Liberal Arts Latin American Studies Degree Plan  

E-print Network

The University of Texas at Austin - College of Liberal Arts Latin American Studies Degree Plan B American Studies: 36 hours (including 21 upper-division): 15 hours specified Latin American Studies core courses: 1) LAS 301; 2) _______ GRG 319 or any geography course cross-listed with Latin American Studies

Texas at Austin, University of

117

COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS 15 Hours LATIN AMERICAN & LATINO STUDIES MINOR  

E-print Network

COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS (M)LALS 15 Hours LATIN AMERICAN & LATINO STUDIES MINOR 50% of credits ­level, either through actual course work or through the Foreign Language Placement Exam. Latin American(s)........................................................................................................................3 3___IDIS 25000 Introduction to Latin American and Latino Studies B. Literary and Cultural Studies

Kihara, Daisuke

118

International Paradigms: the Latin American School of Public Relations  

Microsoft Academic Search

In November 2000, scholars and professionals officially introduced the Latin American School of Public Relations at the XXIII Congress of the Inter-American Confederation of Public Relations (CONFIARP) in Montevideo, Uruguay. This article summarizes this international paradigm, using presentations and publications available during and after the event and follow-up in-depth interviews conducted with scholars and professionals from eight South American countries

Juan Carlos Molleda

2001-01-01

119

Application applies for both awards; the same person cannot receive both awards. The Center for Latino and Latin American Studies  

E-print Network

for Latino and Latin American Studies Undergraduate Scholarship Monetary Award Amount: $500 The Robert: Professor Michael Gonzales, Director Center for Latino and Latin American Studies 515 Garden Road Northern $500 CENTER FOR LATINO & LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES SCHOLARSHIP SCHOLARSHIP APPLICATION (Application

Karonis, Nicholas T.

120

Emotion Socialization and Ethnicity: An Examination of Practices and Outcomes in African American, Asian American, and Latin American Families  

PubMed Central

The current review paper summarizes the literature on parental emotion socialization in ethnically diverse families in the United States. Models of emotion socialization have been primarily developed using samples of European American parents and children. As such, current categorizations of “adaptive” and “maladaptive” emotion socialization practices may not be applicable to individuals from different ethnic backgrounds. The review examines current models of emotion socialization, with particular attention paid to the demographic breakdown of the studies used to develop these models. Additionally, the review highlights studies examining emotion socialization practices in African American, Asian American, and Latin American families. The review is synthesized with summarizing themes of similarities and differences across ethnic groups, and implications for culturally sensitive research and practice are discussed. PMID:23766738

Morelen, Diana; Thomassin, Kristel

2013-01-01

121

Annual Report Center for Latin American Studies  

E-print Network

and can be found in government, foreign service, the military, aca- demia, the NGO community, as well as a host of other professions and businesses. In the following pages, you will read about an array Systems in Latin America." This started with a workshop in May 2009: The Arts, Human Development

Machery, Edouard

122

Changing knowledge production and Latin American universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines some of the main issues affecting knowledge production in Latin America. The focus is on universities, because they are the principal regional producers of knowledge up to now. The paper compares changes and continuities concerning academic values and attitudes, governmental policies, university–industry relations and endogenous knowledge generation, analysing also the connection between the ‘structurally unachieved’ National Systems

Rodrigo Arocena; Judith Sutz

2001-01-01

123

Instructional Technology Research in Latin American.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Both the broad field of educational technology and research activities in the more limited area of instructional technology in Latin America are examined. Research studies, the current situation, and/or research needs are reviewed briefly for each of the following areas: distance education; microcomputers; educational radio; learning strategies…

Chadwick, Clifton B.

124

Providing a Latin American Cultural Field Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

A field course to Latin America is designed to enrich a geography curriculum at Indiana University at Indianapolis. The course serves an urban commuter clientele of students and includes a two week field component. This paper uses the experience gleaned from five summer field courses conducted between 1982 and 1986 to introduce and explain the nature of the course. The

F. L. Bein; Barbara Jackson

125

Latin Holidays: Mexican Americans, Latin Music, and Cultural Identity in Postwar Los Angeles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay recreates the exciting Latin music and dance scenes of post-World War II Southern California, showing how Mexican Americans produced and consumed a range of styles and, in the process, articulated their complex cultural sensibilities. By participating in a Spanish-language expressive culture that was sophisticated and cosmopolitan,…

Macias, Anthony

2005-01-01

126

Latin American Psychology in the Interamerican Journal of Psychology in the 1990's  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews 119 articles by Latin American psychologists, which have been published between 1990–1998 in the Revista Interamericana de Psicologia\\/Interamerican Journal of Psychology (RIP, ISP). As the official publication of the Interamerican Society of Psychology, the journal plays a prominent role, especially in Latin American psychology. It is concluded that Latin American psychologists have been active in many research

José Miguel Salazar; E MIGUEL SALAZAR

2002-01-01

127

LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES 2010-2012 DEGREE PLAN (expires 08/2018)  

E-print Network

LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES 2010-2012 DEGREE PLAN (expires 08/2018) UNIVERSITY CORE REQUIREMENTS COLLEGE requirements may also count for the major or minor MAJOR & MINOR REQUIREMENTS MAJOR: LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES (36 discipline, chosen from:**15 hours specified Latin American Studies core courses: 1) LAS 301 Key Ideas

Texas at Austin, University of

128

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SANTA CRUZ DEPARTMENT OF LATIN AMERICAN AND LATINO STUDIES  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SANTA CRUZ DEPARTMENT OF LATIN AMERICAN AND LATINO STUDIES Full or Associate Professor, Political Economy The Latin American and Latino Studies Department at the University migration. The Department of Latin American and Latino Studies has a strong tradition of collaborative

California at Santa Cruz, University of

129

BERKELEY REVIEW OF LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES 44 Finding Room to Pardon  

E-print Network

BERKELEY REVIEW OF LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES 44 Finding Room to Pardon T he future of the negotiationsIv�nJereJota. #12;CENTER FOR LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES, UC BERKELEY 45Spring 2014 The poverty rate, national debt for the Center for Latin American Studies. Villegas credited the turnaround to the "very hard work" of "two

Kammen, Daniel M.

130

EVALUATION OF THE CENTER FOR LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN STUDIES (CLACS) AT MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY  

E-print Network

EVALUATION OF THE CENTER FOR LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN STUDIES (CLACS) AT MICHIGAN STATE history of active engagement in Latin American and Caribbean Studies, an institutional tradition that make CLACS one of the outstanding Latin American Studies programs in North America. We found ample

131

GEOG 155: LATIN AMERICAN GEOGRAPHY Class: Monday 5PM-7:50PM. Room: CHEM 1171  

E-print Network

1 GEOG 155: LATIN AMERICAN GEOGRAPHY Class: Monday 5PM-7:50PM. Room: CHEM 1171 El pueblo, a vila inscribed where they are on the Latin American landscape? And what are the economic, political, social American cultural diversity 3. to understand economic, social, and environmental consequences of Latin

Lopez-Carr, David

132

BERKELEY REVIEW OF LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES 56 A Magical Cactus Trip  

E-print Network

BERKELEY REVIEW OF LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES 56 A Magical Cactus Trip Michael Cera clutches a San;CENTER FOR LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES, UC BERKELEY 57Spring 2014 A Magical Cactus Trip by James Gerardo Lamb by the Center for Latin American Studies and the San Francisco Film Society, where he is currently an Artist

Kammen, Daniel M.

133

University of Pittsburgh Summer Library Research Fellowships in Latin American Studies  

E-print Network

University of Pittsburgh Summer Library Research Fellowships in Latin American Studies 2013 are designed to enable scholars to come to Pitt to use its outstanding Latin American library collection Resources The University of Pittsburgh has a Latin American library collection of over 490,500 volumes

Machery, Edouard

134

Unique among undergraduate programs offered nationally, the major in Latin American, Caribbean and  

E-print Network

Unique among undergraduate programs offered nationally, the major in Latin American, Caribbean and U.S. Latino Studies (LACUSL) integrates the study of the Latin American and Caribbean region knowledge of U.S. Latino, Latin American and Caribbean history and culture · develop analytical and critical

Saldin, Dilano

135

Graduate Program in International Affairs COURSE: Issues in Latin American Development  

E-print Network

Graduate Program in International Affairs COURSE: Issues in Latin American Development INSTRUCTOR some specificity with which to judge theories about "Latin American development," we must first ground regions. Conducting, as a class, case studies of a subset of Latin American states: tentatively Venezuela

O'Donnell, Tom

136

Achievements In the 1960s, Latin American literature thrived. The new novels produced  

E-print Network

Achievements In the 1960s, Latin American literature thrived. The new novels produced there this Latin American literature, in tandem with Colombian author Gabriel Garcia Márquez. Vargas Llosa considered to be the torchbearers of Latin American literature are the descendants of the Spaniards

Imai, Hiroshi

137

THE COMOVEMENTS IN INTERNATIONAL STOCK MARKETS: NEW EVIDENCE FROM LATIN AMERICAN EMERGING COUNTRIES  

E-print Network

1 THE COMOVEMENTS IN INTERNATIONAL STOCK MARKETS: NEW EVIDENCE FROM LATIN AMERICAN EMERGING-variations of conditional correlations between selected Latin American emerging mar- kets and between them and the World evi- dence. JEL Classification: F37; G15 Keywords: Stock market comovements, Latin American emerging

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

138

University of Calgary Press Canadian Association of Latin American and Caribbean Studies  

E-print Network

University of Calgary Press Canadian Association of Latin American and Caribbean Studies REDES DUARTE Source: Canadian Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies / Revue canadienne des études Press on behalf of Canadian Association of Latin American and Caribbean Studies Stable URL: http

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

139

LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES 2008-2010 DEGREE PLAN (expires 08/2016)  

E-print Network

LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES 2008-2010 DEGREE PLAN (expires 08/2016) UNIVERSITY CORE REQUIREMENTS COLLEGE REQUIREMENTS MAJOR: LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES (36 HOURS, INCLUDING 21 UPPER-DIVISION & 18 IN RESIDENCE) 21 hours (at least 12 upper-division) in a single discipline, chosen from:**15 hours specified Latin American

Texas at Austin, University of

140

College of Letters and Science Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies  

E-print Network

College of Letters and Science Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies 2012 Professional Development Opportunity for Wisconsin K-12 teachers The Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies (CLACS to participate in summer teacher institutes offered nationally. The national Latin American Studies Teacher

Saldin, Dilano

141

2013, Latin American Public Opinion Project www.AmericasBarometer.org  

E-print Network

© 2013, Latin American Public Opinion Project www.AmericasBarometer.org AmericasBarometer: Topical by the Latin American Public Opinion Project (LAPOP). In March- April, 2012, a nationally representative sample;© 2013, Latin American Public Opinion Project www.AmericasBarometer.org A statistical analysis

Bordenstein, Seth

142

APPLICATION FORM 2013 Competition Summer Research Fellowships in Latin American Studies  

E-print Network

APPLICATION FORM ­ 2013 Competition Summer Research Fellowships in Latin American Studies at the University of Pittsburgh Center for Latin American Studies University Center for International Studies Research Fellowship in Latin American Studies should be accompanied by: (1) budget of projected expenses

Machery, Edouard

143

ALVARO A. BERNAL Associate Professor of Spanish and Latin American Literature  

E-print Network

April 2012 ALVARO A. BERNAL Associate Professor of Spanish and Latin American Literature Biddle.edu EDUCATION Ph.D. Spanish. Emphasis: Latin American Literature. University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, May 2005. Thesis: "Percepciones e imágenes de Bogotá: Expresiones literarias urbanas". M.A. Spanish. Latin American

Sibille, Etienne

144

A Study on the Routing Convergence of Latin American Networks Xiaoliang Zhao, Daniel Massey  

E-print Network

1 A Study on the Routing Convergence of Latin American Networks Xiaoliang Zhao, Daniel Massey implication for networks in the Latin American region. BGP routing table snapshots showed that some networks in Latin American region are directly attached to large Internet ser- vice providers, while others attached

Massey, Dan

145

Latin American and Caribbean Studies Interdisciplinary Minor Office of International Programs  

E-print Network

Latin American and Caribbean Studies Interdisciplinary Minor Office of International Programs.international.colostate.edu The Latin American and Caribbean Studies Interdisciplinary Minor, open to all students, seeks to broaden) ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ /6-10 LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN STUDIES AREA COURSES1,2 (15-20 credits required) Completed Course

146

Gender, Sexuality and the Latin American Left: testing the transformation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the extent of change under Latin American left governments by assessing their actions on women's and lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) rights. To provide a historical context, it first offers an overview of the relationship between feminist movements and the left. It then employs a four-country comparison of Brazil, Bolivia, Chile and Venezuela on women's socioeconomic

Elisabeth Jay Friedman

2009-01-01

147

Cultural Values in Latin and North American Cities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Study was conducted among adolescents in Puerto Rico, and replicated earlier studies in Buenos Aires and Chicago. Implications were drawn from frequencies in San Juan and compared with the Latin passive" pattern in Buenos Aires and the North American active" pattern in Chicago. (DM)

Manaster, Guy J.; Ahumada, Isa

1971-01-01

148

PREFACE: XI Latin American Workshop on Nonlinear Phenomena  

Microsoft Academic Search

The XI Latin American Workshop on Nonlinear Phenomena (LAWNP) has been held in Búzios-RJ, Brazil, from 5-9 October 2009. This international conference is one in a series that have gathered biennially, over the past 21 years, physicists and other scientists who direct their work towards several aspects of nonlinear phenomena and complex systems. The main purpose of LAWNP meetings is

Celia Anteneodo; Marcos G. E. da Luz

2010-01-01

149

A MODIFIED CAPM VALUATION MODEL FOR LATIN AMERICAN EMERGING MARKETS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses the systematic risk factors associated to long-term investments in Latin American Emerging Markets in order to estimate the discount rate to be used by an investor localized in a developed market. In order to do so, we review the main valuation approaches based on the CAPM model, focusing in the foreign exchange risk. Due to the high

Alfonso Hamard; Prosper Lamothe

150

Restructuring, consolidation and competition in Latin American banking markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the competitive conditions in the banking industries of eleven Latin American countries for the period 1993–2000. For these countries, the time interval under examination corresponds to an era characterized by substantial reforms to restructure their banking systems, increased consolidation and foreign bank penetration. The banks in our sample are found to be earning their revenues as if

H. Semih Yildirim; George C. Philippatos

2007-01-01

151

RESTRUCTURING, CONSOLIDATION AND COMPETITION IN LATIN AMERICAN BANKING MARKETS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the competitive conditions in the banking industries of eleven Latin American countries for the period 1993 to 2000. For these countries, the time interval under examination corresponds to an era characterized by substantial reforms to restructure their banking systems, increased consolidation and foreign bank penetration. The banks in our sample are found to be earning their revenues

H. Semih Yildirim; George C. Philippatos

2006-01-01

152

Latin American Independence: Education and the Invention of New Polities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Latin American independence from Spain and Portugal in the first decades of the nineteenth century was a process of global relevance. A considerable number of new polities emerged that had to deal with radically new political situations. Particularly in the case of the former Spanish colonies, a general rejection of the colonial past determined…

Caruso, Marcelo

2010-01-01

153

The Process of Internationalization of Latin American Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to analyze the present tendencies and characteristics, as well as the present and future perspectives of the process of internationalization in Latin American universities, in light of the results yielded by studies carried out in the region by the World Bank and the European Commission. Emphasis will be placed on…

Avila, Jocelyne Gacel

2007-01-01

154

Leaving the Parental Home: Patterns in Six Latin American Countries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Used mid-1970s World Fertility Survey cross-sectional data to analyze sociodemographic determinants of home-leaving by young Latin American adults (N=68,534). Found marriage as major reason for home-leaving and sex, urban/rural residence, education, and work as other important determinants. Noted international differences. (Author/CM))

De Vos, Susan

1989-01-01

155

Advocating feminism: The Latin American Feminist NGO 'Boom'  

Microsoft Academic Search

Latin American feminist NGOs have played a critical role in 'advocating feminism' by advancing a progressive policy agenda while simultaneously articulating vital linkages among larger women's movement and civil society constituencies. However, three recent developments potentially undermine NGOs' ability to promote feminist-inspired policies and social change. First, States and inter-governmental organizations (IGOs) increasingly have turned to feminist NGOs as gender

Sonia E. Alvarez

1999-01-01

156

Perceptions of Political Corruption in Latin American Democracies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Political corruption poses a serious threat to the stability of developing democracies by eroding the links between citizens and governments. Using data on national levels of corruption (Transparency International 1997 CPI index) and individual opinion (1995?97 World Values Survey), this study finds that Latin Americans are quite aware of the seriousness of corruption in their countries. The ensuing question is

Damarys Canache; Michael E. Allison

2008-01-01

157

ICT and Marketing Challenges in Latin American Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Latin American libraries have experienced an important development in the last two decades. Telecommunications and Information Technologies (ITC) have been key elements in this process. There are leading institutions with remarkable programs; nevertheless it is necessary to design marketing strategies to improve their benefits. A case study based…

Feria, Lourdes

158

The Latin American Consortium of Studies in Obesity (LASO)  

PubMed Central

Summary Current, high-quality data are needed to evaluate the health impact of the epidemic of obesity in Latin America. The Latin American Consortium of Studies of Obesity (LASO) has been established, with the objectives of (i) Accurately estimating the prevalence of obesity and its distribution by sociodemographic characteristics; (ii) Identifying ethnic, socioeconomic and behavioural determinants of obesity; (iii) Estimating the association between various anthropometric indicators or obesity and major cardiovascular risk factors and (iv) Quantifying the validity of standard definitions of the various indexes of obesity in Latin American population. To achieve these objectives, LASO makes use of individual data from existing studies. To date, the LASO consortium includes data from 11 studies from eight countries (Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Peru, Puerto Rico and Venezuela), including a total of 32 462 subjects. This article describes the overall organization of LASO, the individual studies involved and the overall strategy for data analysis. LASO will foster the development of collaborative obesity research among Latin American investigators. More important, results from LASO will be instrumental to inform health policies aiming to curtail the epidemic of obesity in the region. PMID:19438980

Bautista, L. E.; Casas, J. P.; Herrera, V. M.; Miranda, J. J.; Perel, P.; Pichardo, R.; Gonzalez, A.; Sanchez, J. R.; Ferreccio, C.; Aguilera, X.; Silva, E.; Orostegui, M.; Gomez, L. F.; Chirinos, J. A.; Medina-Lezama, J.; Perez, C. M.; Suarez, E.; Ortiz, A. P.; Rosero, L.; Schapochnik, N.; Ortiz, Z.; Ferrante, D.

2009-01-01

159

On helping Latin American countries in education in acoustics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The science and applications of acoustics are just as important in Latin America as they are in North America and elsewhere. However, resources in academia are harder to come by in nearly all of the Central American and South American nations; and therefore it would behoove U.S. and European acousticians to help their Latin-American counterparts in achieving their goals of quality education in acoustics, particularly in architectural acoustics, noise control, biomedical usages of ultrasound, signal analyses, and measurement techniques. Among the means of helping are scholarly exchanges, more support by the U.S. government for such exchanges (particularly through Fulbright programs--it is unfortunate that the Fulbright Senior Specialist Program does not recognize acoustics as being one of the environmental sciences), collaboration on research projects, long-term equipment loans and/or outright donations, etc. Advice by experienced practitioners in establishing or improving acoustics laboratories can optimize equipment selection and development of the curriculum.

Raichel, Daniel R.

2002-11-01

160

Latin American Universities and the Bologna Process: From Commercialisation to the "Tuning" Competencies Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through the "Tuning-Latin America" competencies project, Latin American universities have been incorporated into the Bologna Process. In 2003 the European Commission approved an initiative of this project for Latin America and began to promote it among ministries, university presidents' organisations and other institutions in Latin America. This…

Aboites, Hugo

2010-01-01

161

The Lives and Politics of Latinas in the United States: A Selective Bibliography [and] Women and Politics in Latin America: A Selective Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two bibliographies list over 200 sources of information on Latin American women living in the United States and in Latin America. The first bibliography cites books, chapters from books, journal articles, pamphlets, dissertations, and theses dealing with the lives and politics of Mexican-American, Cuban, Puerto Rican, and Central and South…

Loeb, Catherine, Comp.; Searing, Susan, Comp.

162

ReVistaReVistaharvard review of Latin america faLL 2007 david rockefeller center for latin american studies, Harvard university  

E-print Network

american studies, Harvard university Dance! Global Transformations of Latin American Culture #12;book TalkReVistaReVistaharvard review of Latin america · faLL 2007 david rockefeller center for latin collections have now been digitalized. it's one way that Harvard is making a difference in Latin America. #12

Farrell, Brian D.

163

Chagas disease awareness among latin american immigrants living in los angeles, california.  

PubMed

Approximately 300,000 persons have Chagas disease in the United States, although almost all persons acquired the disease in Latin America. We examined awareness of Chagas disease among Latin American immigrants living in Los Angeles, California. We surveyed 2,677 persons (age range = 18-60 years) in Los Angeles who resided in Latin America for at least six months. A total of 62% of the participants recalled seeing triatomines in Latin America, and 27% of the participants reported triatomine bites at least once per year while living abroad. A total of 86% of the participants had never heard of Chagas disease. Of persons who had heard of Chagas disease, 81% believed that it was not serious. More than 95% of those who had heard of Chagas disease would want to be tested and treated. Most Latin American immigrants living in Los Angeles recalled exposure to vectors of Chagas disease. However, they have little knowledge of this disease. Increasing awareness of Chagas disease is needed in this high-risk population. PMID:25200261

Sanchez, Daniel R; Traina, Mahmoud I; Hernandez, Salvador; Smer, Aiman M; Khamag, Haneen; Meymandi, Sheba K

2014-11-01

164

New World Orders: Continuities and Changes in Latin American Migration  

PubMed Central

Although migration from Mexico to the United States is more than a century old, until recently most other countries in Latin America did not send out significant numbers of migrants to foreign destinations. Over the past thirty years, however, emigration has emerged as an important demographic force throughout the region. This article outlines trends in the volume and composition of the migrant outflows emanating from various countries in Latin America, highlighting their diversity with respect to country of destination; multiplicity of destinations; legal auspices of entry; gender and class composition; racial, ethnic, and national origins; and the mode of insertion into the receiving society. The review underscores the broadening of international migration away from unidirectional flows toward the United States to new streams going to Europe, Canada, Australia, and Japan, as well as to other countries in Latin America itself. PMID:20814591

DURAND, JORGE; MASSEY, DOUGLAS S.

2010-01-01

165

Latin American and Spanish online videos: vendor offerings for US academic libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the availability and features of Latin American and Spanish online videos available through video vendors and other providers to US academic libraries. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper examines US, Spanish, and Latin American video vendors that offer online videos about and\\/or are produced in Latin America and Spain. The study focuses

Jesús Alonso-Regalado

2010-01-01

166

Biological And Cultural Diversity of a Latin American Country  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students conduct an 8 hour Annual Summit Meeting on the Cultural and Biological Diversity of a Latin American Country. Students construct a Rainforest in the school's Media Center, coffee and banana plantations in the hallway, and a street scene of a typical large city in a classroom. Students assume roles of native people or scientists and share information and ideas with formal presentation. Social interactions occur at coffee breaks, taste-testing luncheon, and games/dance finale.

BEGIN:VCARD VERSION:2.1 FN:Marianne Anderson N:Anderson;Marianne ORG:Pocatello High School REV:2005-04-15 END:VCARD

1995-06-30

167

Production and Consumer Acceptance of Latin American White Cheese1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Latin American white cheese was produced by direct acidification of whole milk to pH 4.7 to 4.8 at 82 C. In a typical trial, whole milk (2730 kg) was heated to 82 C in a cheese vat. Citric acid solution (5.9 kg\\/60 liters water) was blended to precipitate the curd. Following whey draining, the curd was mixed with 8 kg

R. C. Chandan; H. Marin; K. R. Nakrani; Mary D. Zehner

1979-01-01

168

Latin American Theatre Review, Volume 05, Number 1: Front Matter  

E-print Network

those years. (In Spanish ) (AH) Hugo Carrillo, "Orígenes y desarrollo del teatro guatemalteco." Guatemalan folk theatre today shows the combination of pre-Conquest drama-ballet with Spanish religious indoctrination. Development of a "mestizo" theatre...LATIN AMERICAN THEATRE REVIEW a Journal devoted to the Theatre and Drama of Spanish and Portuguese America Editor GEORGE W. WOODYARD Associate Editor JOHN S. BRUSHWOOD Assistant Editors MICHAEL J. DOUDOROFF RAYMOND D. SOUZA JON S...

Editors

1971-10-01

169

Stapled hemorrhoidectomy: Initial experience of a Latin American group  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the present study was to determine the value of circular emorrhoidectomy (procedure for prolapse and hemorrhoids\\u000a [PPH]) on the basis of data collected prospectively during the initial experience of a group of Latin American surgeons. Between\\u000a 2000 and 2001, PPH was performed using a circular stapler in 177 patients who had third- and fourth-degree hemorrhoidal disease.\\u000a The

Angelita Habr-Gama; Afonso H. S. e Sousa; José Manuel Correia Roveló; Jayme Vital Santos Souza; Fernando Benício; Francisco S. P. Regadas; Cláudio Wainstein; Túlio Marcos Rodrigues da Cunha; Carlos Frederico S. Marques; Renato Bonardi; José Reinan Ramos; Luiz Cláudio Pandini; Desidério Kiss

2003-01-01

170

Latin American Theatre Review, Volume 10, Number 1: Front Matter  

E-print Network

\\/\\ THEATRE I Mr I REVIEW FALL 1976 Contents Insanity and Poetic Justice in Usigli's Corona de sombra Peter R. Beardsell 5 Pueblo rechazado: Educating the Public Through Reportage Támara Holzapjel ~ 15 Artur Azevedo's Last Dramatic Writings... STUDIES THE UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS, LAWRENCE, KANSAS 66045, U.S.A. 2 LATIN AMERICAN THEATRE REVIEW Abstracts Peter R. Beardsell, "Insanity and Poetic Justice in Usigli's Corona de sombra." Maximilian and Carlota are treated, on the whole, in a...

Editors

1976-10-01

171

[Contributions from two Latin American psychiatric classifications to the development of ICD-11].  

PubMed

In the context of the updating of the International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10), this study conducted a code-by-code comparison between the ICD-10 chapter "Mental and Behavioural Disorders" and the diagnostic categories of two Latin American classification schemes: the Third Cuban Psychiatric Glossary (GC-3) and the Latin American Guide to Psychiatric Diagnosis (GLADP). The objective was to help define what categories in the current classification should be broadened and what new categories might be added to the future ICD-11 to make it more applicable in local sociocultural and clinical contexts that differ from those found in regions whose perspectives have historically dominated the ICD, namely, the United States and Europe. It is hoped that the results will contribute to the efforts under way to develop a genuinely international classification system. PMID:21437371

Rivas Rodríguez, Mar; Reed, Geoffrey M; First, Michael B; Ayuso-Mateos, José Luis

2011-02-01

172

The politics of Latin American family-planning policy.  

PubMed

In population planning in Latin America the programs are as successful as the government's support of family planning. Colombia is one of the few Latin American countries which has actively exhorted its populace to birth control. If the propensity for large families reflects a belief in the economic or social utility of children, instead of machismo, birthrates will fall with expanded social security and economic welfare programs. If birthrates are the result of machismo, new gender models stressing the positive rewards and social esteem to be gained through responsible parenthood would have to be taught to both adults and children. The position profamily planning in most Latin American countries is generally supported by the ministers, technocrats, corporations, businessmen, middle-class women, doctors, mass media, protestant congregations, and working-class women. Family planning is usually opposed by members of the armed forces, Catholic hierarchy, Catholic lay organizations, oligarchy, university students, leftist intellectuals, Marxist insurgents, Indian communities, and peasants. The portion of the total national populations encompassed by the groups composing the core combination, ideological bias, and stability group ranges from 50-60% in Argentina, Uruguay, and Venezuela to 10-20% in Central America, Bolivia, Ecuador, and Paraguay. Most groups are outside the policy-making process. PMID:12261441

Weaver, J L

1978-07-01

173

Hosted by Latin American Studies Student Association & Alumnos y Ex-Alumnos de Espaol  

E-print Network

Hosted by Latin American Studies Student Association & Alumnos y Ex-Alumnos de Español WHEN MONDAYS, CA 92831 In collaboration with the Department of Modern Languages & Literatures, Latin American Wave of Ibero American Cinema #12;Argentina's national treasure, Ricardo Darín, plays Roberto, a gruff

de Lijser, Peter

174

Latin American Studies at Stetson University is a multidisciplinary and experientially oriented program that develops students'  

E-print Network

Education Latin American Studies at Stetson University is a multidisciplinary and experientially American Studies program is enhanced by the many opportunities afforded to students to study and experience America and approved internships. Students in the Latin American minor have studied and completed

Miles, Will

175

The Challenge of Staying HIV-Negative for Latin American Immigrants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homophobia, fueled by the anti-homosexual rhetoric of the Catholic church, is rampant in most Latin American countries. This conceptual paper postulates that, in the same way that ethnic culture is deeply entrenched in Latin American groups living in the U.S., transgression of social rules, as a gay-survival strategy, is an intrinsic part of Latin American gay men's psychological functioning. Many

Alex Carballo-Diéguez

1998-01-01

176

Disruption, yet community reconstitution: subverting the privatization of Latin American plazas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Latin American scholars have recently discussed the privatization of urban public space. A fundamental aspect of this process\\u000a is the disintegration of communities because it often targets and affects a peculiarly Latin American kind of public space:\\u000a the plaza. Plazas have traditionally functioned as cultural centres in Latin American cites. They are central meeting points\\u000a for political groups, sites of

Veronica Crossa

177

[Demographic projections for Latin American countries prepared by CELADE].  

PubMed

The CELADE (Centro Latinoamericano de Demografia) prepares population projections for 20 Latin American countries, a difficult task considering the lack of reliable census data on births, deaths, and other demographic information. Nevertheless, the demographic situation can be estimated by distinguishing two states in the process: estimating past and present population history and formulating hypotheses regarding the future trends of demographic variables. In a typical situation for most Latin American countries, the first stage is the most difficult; results are mostly approximations of the reality. Thus, projections based on these data are unreliable. The present demographic situation in Latin America was analyzed by estimating fertility, mortality and international migration. Fertility rate was calculated based on the following data: number of children born to the female population, number of live births during the year prior to the census classified according to mother's age and number of children registered according to age up to 10 or 15 years of age. Fertility was thus calculated within 5 years prior to the census. Mortality was roughly estimated by calculating the annual death distribution by age. This promoted questions relating to orphans and the relative number of children who survived out of total number of children born to a woman. Little data was available on migration due to lack of registries on annual migration. It was estimated based on the number of people who left the country for 5 years, and promoted questions such as which country is one native of and year of entry into the country. The most important task relating to population projection of Latin America is the improvement of knowledge on fertility, mortality and migration. PMID:12335526

Somoza, J L

1978-04-01

178

FIRST PRICE AND SECOND PRICE AUCTION MODELLING FOR ENERGY CONTRACTS IN LATIN AMERICAN ELECTRICITY MARKETS  

E-print Network

FIRST PRICE AND SECOND PRICE AUCTION MODELLING FOR ENERGY CONTRACTS IN LATIN AMERICAN ELECTRICITY and capacity markets have been investigated for this purpose. Latin American mar- kets are exploring energy object first-price auction and single object second- price auction. These formats are analyzed under

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

179

PREFACE: XIX Latin American Symposium on Solid State Physics (SLAFES XIX)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This volume contains selected papers which have been presented at the XIX Latin American Symposium on Solid State Physics (SLAFES XIX) held at Puerto Iguazú, Argentina, from 5--10 October 2008. The conference, covering all areas of Solid State Physics, is one of the most important and traditional meetings in Physics in our region. The Latin American Symposium on Solid State

Adriana Serquis; Carlos Balseiro; Pablo Bolcatto

2009-01-01

180

Canonizing Latin American Literature: Gabriel Garcia Marquez and Mario Vargas Llosa Enter the English Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As Latin American literature progressively enters into the English curriculum, two writers deserve special commentary for their representative contribution to the literary world. Through their works, the Columbian author, Gabriel Garcia Marquez, and the Peruvian author, Mario Vargas Llosa clearly convey the Latin American writer's desire to be…

Cellini, Alva V.

181

Press Freedom and Development: U.S. and Latin American Views.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares U.S., Latin American, and Caribbean editors, examining their evaluations of world press problems to understand their underlying news values and perceptions of the role of the press in society. Finds that U.S. and Latin American editors see press freedom as an important world problem but differ on developmental journalism. (MM)

Salwen, Michael B.; Garrison, Bruce

1989-01-01

182

BERKELEY REVIEW OF LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES 60 The Search for Belonging  

E-print Network

BERKELEY REVIEW OF LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES 60 The Search for Belonging A driana Lisboa explores experiences in the American Southwest with memories of her mother's life and stories of Fernando's past by Krista Brune LITERATURE A young girl waits at an airport. PhotobyTejasCalifas. #12;CENTER FOR LATIN

Kammen, Daniel M.

183

Latin American Education: Perceptions of Linearities and the Construction of Discursive Space.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of eight books on Latin American education, published after 1995, analyzes the process by which Latin American "discursive space" is constructed in the educational literature. Similarities in the principles dominating recent educational reforms and the main perspectives in the literature that "explain" these similarities are indicative of…

Beech, Jason

2002-01-01

184

Quality of Life from the Point of View of Latin American Families: A Participative Research Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: To date, little research has focused on what factors constitute a quality of life (QOL) among Latin American families with a member who is intellectually disabled. Method: Total 180 Latin American families cooperated in a participative research project. During 18 months, the families and a team exchanged information about their QOL by…

Aznar, A. S.; Castanon, D. G.

2005-01-01

185

Concentration and foreign penetration in Latin American banking sectors: Impact on competition and risk  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the 1990s, Latin American banking sectors experienced an accelerated process of concentration and foreign penetration that prompted diverse views regarding its implications for the competitive behavior of banks and the financial stability of the system. In this paper, we examine these issues exploiting a rich bank-level database for eight Latin American countries. We find that, while increased concentration did

Eduardo Levy Yeyati; Alejandro Micco

2007-01-01

186

Family Literacy Practices and Parental Involvement of Latin American Immigrant Mothers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article draws upon three years of interviews and participant observation research in the Chelsea Public Schools, to discuss the impact of the Chelsea Family Literacy Program on promoting Latin American immigrant mothers' involvement in their children's education. The authors present the voices of Latin American immigrant mothers who describe…

Rivera, Lorna; Lavan, Nicole

2012-01-01

187

Seeing the Sites: Latin American Studies Online: A Review of Free Peer-Reviewed Journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public services librarians seeking to assist researchers in Latin American studies are increasingly augmenting their searches to include online publications not generally indexed in typical library journal and newspaper databases. Allan Scherlen introduces us to this multifaceted world of Web publications in Latin American Studies, centering on two free online peer-reviewed journals that offer an alternative to the traditional subscription

Allan Scherlen

2004-01-01

188

On the structuralist view of inflation in some Latin American countries: A reassessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Comparing inflation rates internationally, one finds a number of Latin American countries in the lead. Therefore, when investigating inflation in LDCs, it has become common practice to refer to these countries as prime examples. Mainly two theories have been put forward to explain Latin American inflation: the monetarist and structuralist hypotheses. While in the monetarist theory aggregate excess demand resulting

Bernhard Fischer; Thomas Mayer

1980-01-01

189

Clinical management of Helicobacter pylori: the Latin American perspective.  

PubMed

In most South American countries, Helicobacter pylori infection prevalence is high, affecting over 70% in populations with precarious living conditions. It is worth pointing out that there is initial evidence of a decline in prevalence of H. pylori infection at least in some more privileged fragments of the population. It is estimated that gastric cancer, the main clinical sequela of H. pylori infection, has an average incidence rate of 12.4 cases per 100,000 inhabitants (8.4 cases per 100,000 inhabitants for women and 17.3 cases per 100,000 for men) in the region. Classical triple therapy [proton pump inhibitor (PPI), amoxicillin and clarithromycin] is still the most used regimen with eradication rates around 80%. The rates of resistance to clarithromycin range from 2 to 24%. Recurrence rates of the infection are described as 2.9% in Argentina, 4.2% in Chile, 2-7% in Brazil, and 11.5% in a trial involving 7 Latin American countries. After failure of clarithromycin-containing regimens, second- and third-line therapies using PPI, amoxicillin and levofloxacin and quadruple therapy with PPI, colloidal bismuth subcitrate, tetracycline hydrochloride and metronidazole are recommended. Due to the high rates of primary resistance to metronidazole in the Latin American countries, use of the quadruple therapy, replacing metronidazole for furazolidone, is a frequent option. Rescue triple therapy regimens using furazolidone in association with levofloxacin and PPI have also been used. Most recommended rescue therapies reach eradication rates close to 80%. PMID:24732197

Coelho, Luiz Gonzaga; Coelho, Maria Clara

2014-01-01

190

United States Security Policy in Latin America.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Honorable Lester B. Pearson, Prime Minister of Canada during the early 1960's, once described the experience of being a nation on the borders of the United States as like being in bed with an elephant no matter how friendly or well intentioned the ele...

S. R. Nichols, H. J. Wiarda

1993-01-01

191

Variations in Satisfaction with Access to Healthcare for Women in Bolivia and Throughout Eighteen Latin American Countries  

E-print Network

TV No Yes Source: Latinobarometro survey 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007 More than half of the Latin AmericanTV make in their healthcare access satisfaction. Generally speaking for Latin AmericanTV make in their healthcare access satisfaction. Generally speaking, for Latin American

Ouladi Nikravan, Nadim

2012-01-01

192

Latin American and Caribbean Conference for Engineering and Technology Medelln, Colombia WE1-1 August 3-5, 2011  

E-print Network

9th Latin American and Caribbean Conference for Engineering and Technology Medellín, Colombia WE1-1 August 3-5, 2011 Ninth LACCEI Latin American and Caribbean Conference (LACCEI'2011), Engineering American and Caribbean Conference for Engineering and Technology, Medellin : Colombia (2011)" #12;9th Latin

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

193

Latin American & Latino Studies (718) 997-2895 * Kissena Hall 310 CODE COURSE # TITLE DAY HOUR ROOM PROFESSOR  

E-print Network

Fall 2011 Latin American & Latino Studies (718) 997-2895 * Kissena Hall 310 CODE COURSE # TITLE DAY HOUR ROOM PROFESSOR 7058 LALS 391 Latin American Special Problems TBA TBA TBA Staff 2462 HIST 105 History of Latin American to 1825 M/W 3:05-4:20PM RZ 109 Chazkel, A 1762 PSCI 209 Special Topics

Johnson Jr.,, Ray

194

LLAATTIINN AAMMEERRIICCAANN SSTTUUDDIIEESS MMIINNOORR The interdisciplinary program leading to the Latin American Studies minor is designed for students who wish  

E-print Network

to the Latin American Studies minor is designed for students who wish to augment their major with concerted Course (1 Course) History 8A or 8B or 8C or Latin American Studies 97A *The language requirement can also the placement exam for Spanish or Portuguese, please present a copy of the test results to the Latin American

Grether, Gregory

195

GEOG 155: LATIN AMERICAN GEOGRAPHY Class: Monday 5PM-7:50PM: Phelps Hall, Room 3505  

E-print Network

1 GEOG 155: LATIN AMERICAN GEOGRAPHY Class: Monday 5PM-7:50PM: Phelps Hall, Room 3505 Labs. Why are human and physical patterns inscribed where they are on the Latin American landscape? And what that influenced the creation of Latin American cultural diversity, (3) to understand economic, social

Lopez-Carr, David

196

Certificate in Latin American Studies for M.Ed. and Ph.D. Students in the Peabody College of Education  

E-print Network

Certificate in Latin American Studies for M.Ed. and Ph.D. Students in the Peabody College of Education The Center for Latin American Studies allows students to document their regional specialization. The completion of at least 6 hours of coursework in Latin American Studies: eligible courses are listed

Bordenstein, Seth

197

Submission Number:EB-08C20075 Stock market integration in the Latin American markets: further evidence from  

E-print Network

Submission Number:EB-08C20075 Stock market integration in the Latin American markets: further hédi Arouri, (2009) ''Stock market integration in the Latin American markets: further evidence from, 1 (2009) 162-168" #12;1 1. Introduction Studies on the international integration of Latin American

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

198

Stability and Change in Ethnic Labeling among Adolescents from Asian and Latin American Immigrant Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An important question for the acculturation of adolescents from immigrant families is whether they retain ethnic labels that refer to their national origin (e.g., Mexican, Chinese) or adopt labels that are dominant in American society (e.g., Latino, Asian American, American). Approximately 380 adolescents from Asian and Latin American immigrant…

Fuligni, Andrew J.; Kiang, Lisa; Witkow, Melissa R.; Baldelomar, Oscar

2008-01-01

199

Latin American Social Medicine and Global Social Medicine  

PubMed Central

A fundamental change in the theory underlying public health and medicine is needed. Latin American social medicine (LASM), originating in a region of the world that has been subjected to colonial and postcolonial influence, will be part of this change. To the extent that the social production of disease among people in other regions is a consequence of various large-scale forms of domination, LASM offers a relevant analysis, models of resistance, and exemplars of social medicine in practice. I draw upon LASM to examine the social production of disease in the Marshall Islands and Iraq. I suggest a basis for a global social medicine in the shared experience of suffering and describe implications for public health theory and practice. PMID:14652319

Yamada, Seiji

2003-01-01

200

Report on the Conference of Latin American Women in Exact and Life Solange Bessa Cavalcanti, Rita M. Zorzenon dos Santos, Marcia C. Barbosa, and Elisa BaggioSaitovitch  

E-print Network

Report on the Conference of Latin American Women in Exact and Life Sciences Solange Bessa://proceedings.aip.org/about/rights_permissions #12;Report on the Conference of Latin American Women in Exact and Life Sciences Solange Bessa a small group of Latin-American participants to promote a similar event in Brazil. The Latin American

Barbosa, Marcia C. B.

201

Page 190 Latin American Studies Sonoma State University 2008-2010 Catalog Robert McNamara / Political Science (707) 664-2676  

E-print Network

Page 190 Latin American Studies Sonoma State University 2008-2010 Catalog aDvisOrs Robert Mc-Velcamp / History (707) 664-2278 Program Offered minor in Latin american studies Latin American Studies Minor The minor in Latin American Studies offers a cross-disciplinary concentration on an important region

Ravikumar, B.

202

Latin American Studies Page 251Sonoma State University 2006-2008 Catalog Robert McNamara / Political Science (707) 664-2676  

E-print Network

Latin American Studies Page 251Sonoma State University 2006-2008 Catalog aDvisOrs Robert Mc-Belcamp / History (707) 664-2278 Program Offered Minor in Latin American Studies Latin American Studies Minor The minor in Latin American Studies offers a cross-disciplinary concentration on an important region

Ravikumar, B.

203

PREFACE: XI Latin American Workshop on Nonlinear Phenomena  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The XI Latin American Workshop on Nonlinear Phenomena (LAWNP) has been held in Búzios-RJ, Brazil, from 5-9 October 2009. This international conference is one in a series that have gathered biennially, over the past 21 years, physicists and other scientists who direct their work towards several aspects of nonlinear phenomena and complex systems. The main purpose of LAWNP meetings is to create a friendly and motivating environment, such that researchers from Latin America and from other parts of the globe can discuss not only their own latest results but also the trends and perspectives in this very interdisciplinary field of investigation. Hence, it constitutes a forum for promoting scientific collaboration and fomenting the emergence of new ideas, helping to advance the field. The XI edition (LAWNP'09) has gathered more than 230 scientists and students (most from Latin America), covering all of the world (27 different countries from North and South America, Asia, Europe, and Oceania). In total there were 18 plenary lectures, 80 parallel talks, and 140 poster contributions. A stimulating round-table discussion also took place devoted to the present and future of the Latin American Institutions in Complex Phenomena (a summary can be found at http://lawnp09.fis.puc-rio.br, in the Round-Table report link). The 2009 workshop was devoted to a wide scope of themes and points of view, pursuing to include the latest trends and developments in the science of nonlinearity. In this way, we have a great pleasure in publishing this Proceedings volume based on the high quality scientific works presented at LAWNP'09, covering already established methods as well as new approaches, discussing both theoretical and practical aspects, and addressing paradigmatic systems and also completely new problems, in nonlinearity and complexity. In fact, the present volume may be a very valuable reference for those interested in an overview on how nonlinear interactions can affect different phenomena in nature, addressing: classical and quantum chaos; instability and bifurcation; cooperative behavior; self-organization; pattern formation and synchronization; far-from-equilibrium and fluctuation dynamics; nonlinearity in fluid, plasmas, granular media, optics, and wave propagation; turbulence onset; and complexity in natural and social systems. The success of the conference was possible thanks to the financial support from many agencies, especially the Brazilian agencies Capes and CNPq, and the international agencies, Binational Itaupú, ICTP-Trieste, and CAIS-Albuquerque. Equally very important was the support by the organizer's institutions PUC-Rio de Janeiro and UFPR-Curitiba. We also must thank Journal of Physics: Conference Series, for believing in the success and scientific quality of the conference, and to the journal staff, specially Anete Ashton, for the kind and prompt help during the whole production process of this publication. Finally, and most important, we acknowledge all the participants of the LAWNP'09, whose interest and enthusiasm in advancing the science of nonlinearity constitutes the true moto making the present Proceedings a very valuable scientific contribution. Celia Anteneodo (PUC-Rio, Brazil) and Marcos G E da Luz (UFPR-Curitiba, Brazil) Conference Chairs Conference photograph Some of the conference participants. CAPES logo This issue was supported by CAPES (Agency for Evaluation and Support of Graduate Studies Programs), Brazilian govern entity devoted to the formation of human resources. CA would like to thank CAPES for financial support.

Anteneodo, Celia; da Luz, Marcos G. E.

2010-09-01

204

Urban Growth in Latin American Cities Exploring urban dynamicsthrough agent-basedsimulation  

E-print Network

Urban Growth in Latin American Cities Exploring urban dynamicsthrough agent-basedsimulation Joana The high rates of urban growth in Latin America during the 1960sand 1970s produced rapid urbanisationand staticproblem rather than asa spatial form that emergesfrom the urban developmentprocessand that is part

Guillas, Serge

205

BERKELEY REVIEW OF LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES atin America was hardly on China's radar screen  

E-print Network

BERKELEY REVIEW OF LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES 8 L atin America was hardly on China's radar screen until it to integrate more fully into the world economy. China's subsequent rise has created an unprecedented demand markets. These twin trends may jeopardize Latin America's prospects for long-term growth. China's rise has

Tufts University

206

Special Article Situational study of seven Latin-American pulmonology journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To characterize the situation of pulmonology journals published in Latin America. Methods: A survey was conducted in a meeting sponsored by the Latin American Thoracic Society. Each journal editor presented a report and answered a questionnaire. Results: Improving information acquisition is the main motivation for pulmonology societies to edit their own journals, whereas disseminating medical knowledge and reporting experiences

Manuel Oyarzún Gómez; Alejandra Ramírez Venegas; Adalberto Agüero Fernández; José Antônio Baddini Martínez; Mary Bermúdez Gómez; Jorge O. Cáneva; Jaime E. Morales Blandir; Rogelio Pérez-Padilla

2007-01-01

207

The Cost of Job Security Regulation: Evidence from Latin American Labor Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper documents the high level of job security protection in Latin American labor markets and analyzes its impacts on employment. The authors show that job security policies have a substantial impact on the level and the distribution of employment in Latin America. These policies reduce employment and promote inequality. The institutional organization of the labor market affects both employment

Carmen Pagés-Serra; James J. Heckman

2000-01-01

208

Schooling, Cognitive Skills, and the Latin American Growth Puzzle. NBER Working Paper No. 15066  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Economic development in Latin America has trailed most other world regions over the past four decades despite its relatively high initial development and school attainment levels. This puzzle can be resolved by considering the actual learning as expressed in tests of cognitive skills, on which Latin American countries consistently perform at the…

Hanushek, Eric A.; Woessmann, Ludger

2009-01-01

209

Latin American Universities: From an Original Revolution to an Uncertain Transition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this paper is to discuss the prospects of Latin American public universities. Its main assertion is that universities could become important actors of development in Latin America, but prevailing trends point in another direction. The paper focuses on the interactions between, on the one hand, specific traditions and social contexts,…

Arocena, Rodrigo; Sutz, Judith

2005-01-01

210

Latin American & Latino Studies (718) 997-2895 * Kissena Hall 310 CLASS # SUBJECT TITLE DAY HOUR ROOM PROFESSOR  

E-print Network

Fall 2012 Latin American & Latino Studies (718) 997-2895 * Kissena Hall 310 CLASS # SUBJECT TITLE DAY HOUR ROOM PROFESSOR 10773 LALS 391 Latin American Special Problems TBA TBA TBA Staff 2141 HIST 294 121 Ron Hayduk 1675 PSCI 259 Latin America in World Politics M/W 1:40-2:55PM RA 210 Jorge Alves 5177

Johnson Jr.,, Ray

211

PREFACE: First Latin-American Conference on Bioimpedance (CLABIO 2012)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The past decade has witnessed an unprecedented growth in medical technologies and a new generation of diagnostics, characterized by mobility, virtualization, homecare and costs. The ever growing demand and the rapid need for low cost tools for characterizing human tissue, and supporting intelligence and technologies for non-invasive tissue cancer investigation raise unique and evolving opportunities for research in Electrical Bioimpedance. The CLABIO2012 - First Latin American Conference on Bioimpedance is a premier Latin-American conference on Bioimpedance for research groups working on Electrical Bioimpedance. It allows Latin American researchers to share their experiences with other groups from all over the world by presenting scientific work and potential innovations in this research area and also in the social events promoting informal get togethers in the Brazilian style. The work covers a broad range including Biomedical Engineering and Computing, Medical Physics and Medical Sciences, Environment, Biology and Chemistry. Also, the Conference is intended to give students and research groups the opportunity to learn more about Bioimpedance as an important tool in biological material characterization and also in diagnosis. The conference is designed to showcase cutting edge research and accomplishments, and to enrich the educational and industrial experience in this field. It also represents a unique opportunity to meet colleagues and friends, exchanging ideas, and learning about new developments and best practice, while working to advance the understanding of the knowledge base that we will collectively draw upon in the years ahead to meet future challenges. Participants will attend presentations by scholars representing both institutes and academia. The CLABIO2012 proceedings include over 25 papers selected via a peer review process. The conference program features tutorial talks by world-leading scholars and five sessions for regular paper oral presentations. In making this conference possible, we want to acknowledge our deep appreciation for the financial support of FAPESC (Foundation for Research and Innovation of Santa Catarina), CAPES (Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Level -or Education- Personnel) and also express our sincere thanks to the many individuals who contributed their time and diligence to making this conference possible. Our special thanks go to the Santa Catarina State University for contributing time and effort to organizing the conference. We also wish to express our thanks to Professors Ana Watanabe and Fabricio Noveletto for helping with the registration process, the conference desk and the diverse and sundry details that are the part of any event of this kind. We would like also to thank all of the invited speakers and the members of the Program Committee, and wopuld like to express our gratitude to the Technological Institute of Joinville (FITEJ) for their technical co-sponsorship. We very much appreciate Orjan Martinsen, Uwe Pliquett, Fernando Martinez Seoane, Raul Gonzalez Lima, Marcio Nogueira de Souza and Carlos Augusto Gonzalez Correa for delivering keynote talks at the conference. And we would like to extend an enthusiastic round of thanks to all of our conference authors for their excellent contributions; to all the session chairs for their effort and enthusiasm; and to all the International Program Committee members and referees for their time and expertise in the paper review. Particular thanks go to Emiliano Amarante Veiga and other members of the CLABIO2012 Secretariat and organizing team for their time and outstanding work. List of committees General Chair Professor Pedro Bertemes Filho (Santa Catarina State University) Pedro Bertemes Filho Technical Program Chairs Dr Marcio Nogueira de Souza (Rio de Janeiro Federal University) Local Arrangement Chair Professor Aleksander Paterno (Santa Catarina State University) Professor Fabrício Noveletto (Santa Catarina State University) Finance Chairman Professor Nilson Campos (Santa Catarina State University) Marketing & Corp

Bertemes Filho, Pedro

2012-12-01

212

Women in American History Unit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teaching unit was developed to highlight the role of women in American history. Written for the junior and senior high school level, the unit examines how women's role has changed, what contributions were made by women in the almost 400 years of our history, effects of the women's rights and suffragist movement of the 19th century, and…

Seiferth, Berniece B.; Bennett, Barbara

213

LATIN AMERICAN THEATER FOR SOCIAL CHANGE: THE CASE OF AUGUSTO BOAL AND ENRIQUE BUENAVENTURA  

E-print Network

This study develops the concepts of scenario and anti-scenario through an examination of Latin American Theater for Social Change. These concepts, along with the transmission of cultural and traumatic memory in performance, help demonstrate...

Sandi Diaz, Gina

2007-12-12

214

Do Latin American Central Bankers Behave NonLinearly?: The Experiences of Brazil, Chile, Colombia and Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

This papers estimates unrestricted monetary reaction functions for four Latin American countries (Brazil, Chile, Colombia and Mexico) and tests for the presence of non-linear effects in central bank behaviour. The analysis covers the post-1999 inflation-targeting period. We deal with the presence of unit roots in the data by estimating the policy rules in a co-integration setting. We test for linear

Luiz de Mello; Diego Moccero; Matteo Mogliani

2009-01-01

215

Random Walks and Market Efficiency Tests of Latin American Emerging Equity Markets: A Revisit  

Microsoft Academic Search

The few existing studies on equity price dynamics and market efficiency for Latin American emerging equity markets show conflicting results, This study uses multiple variance-ratio and auto-regressive fractionally integrated moving-average tests and new data (U.S. dollar-based national equity indices for the 1987-1997 period) to clarify these results. Documented evidence shows that equity prices in major Latin American emerging equity markets--Argentina,

Kalu Ojah; David Karemera

1999-01-01

216

Latin American Studies, developed in the 1960s, is a cross-disciplinary program aimed at giving stu-dents knowledge about the peoples, languages, and cultures of Latin America. Students who pursue  

E-print Network

outside the United States or in U.S. companies with Latin American clients. A number of faculty members faculty scholarship focuses on immigration, homeless youth, and literary and historical studies. Study faculty scholarship focuses on immigration, homeless youth, and literary and historical studies

Logan, David

217

Climate Change and Climate Variability in the Latin American Region  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over the past three decades LA was subjected to several climate-related impacts due to increased El Niño occurrences. Two extremely intense episodes of El Niño and other increased climate extremes happened during this period contributing greatly to augment the vulnerability of human systems to natural disasters. In addition to weather and climate, the main drivers of the increased vulnerability are demographic pressure, unregulated urban growth, poverty and rural migration, low investment in infrastructure and services, and problems in inter-sector coordination. As well, increases in temperature and increases/decreases in precipitation observed during the last part of 20th century have yet led to intensification of glaciers melting, increases in floods/droughts and forest fires frequency, increases in morbidity and mortality, increases in plant diseases incidence; lost of biodiversity, reduction in dairy cattle production, and problems with hydropower generation, highly affecting LA human system. For the end of the 21st century, the projected mean warming for LA ranges from 1 to 7.5ºC and the frequency of weather and climate extremes could increase. Additionally, deforestation is projected to continue leading to a reduction of 25 percent in Amazonia forest in 2020 and 40 percent in 2050. Soybeans planted area in South America could increase by 55 percent by 2020 enhancing aridity/desertification in many of the already water- stressed regions. By 2050 LA population is likely to be 50 percent larger than in 2000, and migration from the country sides to the cities will continue. In the near future, these predicted changes are very likely to severely affect a number of ecosystems and sectors distribution; b) Disappearing most tropical glaciers; c) Reducing water availability and hydropower generation; d) Increasing desertification and aridity; e) Severely affecting people, resources and economic activities in coastal areas; f) Increasing crop's pests and diseases; and g) Changing some human diseases distribution and provoking the emergence of new ones. The impact of climate change in Latin America's productive sectors is estimated to be of a 1.3 percent reduction of the region's GDP for a change of 2ºC in global temperature (without consider non market sectors and extremes events). Moreover, if the LA countries continue to follow the business as usual scenario, the wealth of natural resources that have supported economic and socio-cultural development in the region will be further degraded, reducing the regional potential for growth. Urgent measures must be taken to help bring environmental and social considerations from the margins to the decision-making and development strategies. This presentation is part of the revision done for the Latin American (LA) chapter under the IPCC WGII Fourth Assessment Report.

Magrin, G. O.; Gay Garcia, C.; Cruz Choque, D.; Gimenez-Sal, J. C.; Moreno, A. R.; Nagy, G. J.; Nobre, C.; Villamizar, A.

2007-05-01

218

How to Think about Latin America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Vaky, former Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs, presents an assessment of how the United States regards Latin America, how Latin America views the U.S., and how the two impact upon each other. Concludes that the security and leadership of the United States rests on collaboration with Latin America. (GEA)

Vaky, Viron P.

1989-01-01

219

Teaching about Women and Underdevelopment in Latin American History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Latin America, the most advanced of the underdeveloped regions of the world, is a perfect showcase for exploring the contradictions that come into play when the historical construction of gender clashes with economic practice. The history of modern Latin America shows that economic development can actually work to the detriment of women. The most…

Pino, Julio Cesar

2001-01-01

220

Themes in Latin American Environmental Ethics: Community, Resistance and Autonomy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper seeks to answer the question how environmental ethics is approached in Latin America. I begin by discussing a suitable method for interpreting the question of whether there is a culturally based ethics, given that one may focus either on theory or on actually existing moral practices. Next, I consider some of the possible sources of Latin America's distinctiveness,

Thomas Heyd

2004-01-01

221

Latin American Youth in a Time of Change and Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 4-part study reaffirms the concepts of a previous study entitled "Situation and Prospects of Youth in Latin America" and approved in 1983, and on the basis of new knowledge explores more deeply national situations and their diversity. It offers new conceptual and theoretical contributions on the condition of youth in Latin America and its…

United Nations Economic and Social Council, New York, NY.

222

Constitutional Prospects for the Implementation of Funding and Governance Reforms in Latin American Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rationale for comprehensive reform of Latin American higher education crystallized in the mid-1990s in policy documents published by the World Bank and the Inter-American Development Bank. This "Washington consensus" of the multilateral banks advocated, among other measures, greater reliance on private sources of funding, increased…

Bernasconi, Andres

2007-01-01

223

Latin American Drug Trade: Scope, Dimensions, Impact, and Response.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Transnational crime remains a particularly serious problem in Latin America, affecting numerous states both in and beyond the region and having severe repercussions for political, economic, and human security. Although a range of issues confront policymak...

P. Chalk

2011-01-01

224

Parasitology screening of Latin American children in a primary care clinic.  

PubMed

A screening program based in a Massachusetts community hospital primary care clinic, which included 124 children from 12 different Latin American countries, demonstrated that nearly 35% were carriers of pathogenic parasites. The large majority (83.7%) of these children were asymptomatic at the time of the examination. Although there may be considerable variation based on country of origin, the present results, as well as a review of the literature, suggest this is likely to be a common finding among children born in most regions of Latin America. Compliance with the screening process was significantly higher in groups with higher infection rates and the successive yield in those patients who submitted two or more stool samples revealed that most pathogens were identified in the first sample. School-age children were found to have the highest risk for both roundworm infections and multiple parasitic infections. For those children with identified pathogens, nearly 90% received treatment. Current trends in immigration, international adoptions, and special circumstances including day care, family shelters, and increasing numbers of human immunodeficiency virus-infected children have made an appreciation of the extent of parasitosis, and awareness of possible management approaches, an important consideration for primary care physicians in the United States. PMID:1734397

Bass, J L; Mehta, K A; Eppes, B

1992-02-01

225

The Aesthetic of Revolt: Latin America in the 1960s The Latin American Studies Center  

E-print Network

in Thought, Politics, and Art A Landscape for Passion: Notes on Poetics and Politics in 1960s Cuba Juan Politics: Argentina 1968 Mariano Mestman, Professor, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de Buenos Che": The New Man's Legacy in Cuba Ana Serra, Associate Professor, Department of Spanish and Latin

Milchberg, Howard

226

Possible treatments for arsenic removal in Latin American waters for human consumption.  

PubMed

Considering the toxic effects of arsenic, the World Health Organization recommends a maximum concentration of 10 microg L(-1) of arsenic in drinking water. Latin American populations present severe health problems due to consumption of waters with high arsenic contents. The physicochemical properties of surface and groundwaters are different from those of other more studied regions of the planet, and the problem is still publicly unknown. Methods for arsenic removal suitable to be applied in Latin American waters are here summarized and commented. Conventional technologies (oxidation, coagulation-coprecipitation, adsorption, reverse osmosis, use of ion exchangers) are described, but emphasis is made in emergent decentralized economical methods as the use of inexpensive natural adsorbents, solar light technologies or biological treatments, as essential to palliate the situation in poor, isolated and dispersed populations of Latin American regions. PMID:20189697

Litter, Marta I; Morgada, Maria E; Bundschuh, Jochen

2010-05-01

227

"Looking at the world through women's eyes": Latin Americans at Beijing.  

PubMed

This news article discusses the perspective brought by Latin American women to the women's conference held in Beijing in 1995. One major accomplishment was the inclusion of Caribbean women into the regional Latin American exhibition space and the regional gatherings. The Latin American conference space was used to present regional exhibits, music and dance performances, theater productions, and messages from country delegates. The official government conference included the well-organized advocacy efforts among Latin American delegates. This accomplishment reflected the improvement in skills among delegates since the Mar del Plata meetings. The nongovernmental organization (NGO) conference had some serious transportation difficulties due to its location in Huairou, 35 miles north of Beijing. The distance exhausted participants and reduced the NGO forum impact on the official conference. Participants at the NGO conference also were restricted in their freedom of movement by the Chinese Organizing Committee. There was insufficient infrastructure for handling planned plenary sessions, lack of access for the disabled, harassment of certain special interest groups, and obstruction of meetings in hotels. Secret searches were conducted by Chinese officials in delegates' hotel rooms. Non-English speakers were able to participate only in large plenary sessions and selected workshops. Non-Spanish speaking Latin Americans walked out of Latin American events held in Spanish. Women were also frustrated that views strongly articulated on the plenary floor were excluded from the Plan of Action and from press coverage. To be successful, plans for the post-Beijing period must account for the diversity of women's groups. PMID:12291720

Farmelo, M

1996-01-01

228

Length of Residence, Cultural Adjustment Difficulties, and Psychological Distress Symptoms in Asian and Latin American International College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Study examined cultural adjustment and psychological distress issues in Asian and Latin American international college students. Findings revealed Latin American students reported higher levels of psychological distress than their Asian peers. Length of residence in U.S. was negatively associated with psychological distress symptoms, and…

Wilton, Leo; Constantine, Madonna G.

2003-01-01

229

Janet Gold, Professor of Latin American Literature and Culture Interviewed by Lina Lee, Associate Professor of Spanish Applied Linguistics  

E-print Network

standards and unassuming perfection taught me that creating beauty requires discipline. Ruth SedgewickJanet Gold, Professor of Latin American Literature and Culture Interviewed by Lina Lee, Associate by my professor of Latin American literature: bags of worn books, every class a show

New Hampshire, University of

230

Geography 155, Latin American Geography Editorial Assignment Due March 2  

E-print Network

how demographic, social, political, and economic forces have altered human and physical landscapes and privatization policies versus more socialist/populist policies (e.g., Cuba, Venezuela, and Peru versus Chile; Brazil pre and post Lula.) Economics How do economic processes in Latin America affect political, social

Lopez-Carr, David

231

Turning Pages on Latin American Film and History Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a room, alone, with parchment in hand, Aureliano impatiently reads, skipping pages at a time, to decipher his own conception and to prophesize himself in the very act of reading, as if looking into a mirror. In his existence, we can see all of Latin America and all of humanity. Thusly Gabriel García Márquez’s One Hundred Years of Solitude

Scott L. Baugh

2004-01-01

232

Income and beyond: Multidimensional Poverty in Six Latin American Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper studies multidimensional poverty for Argentina, Brazil, Chile, El Salvador, Mexico and Uruguay for the period 1992-2006. The approach overcomes the limitations of the two traditional methods of poverty analysis in Latin America (income-based and unmet basic needs) by combining income with five other dimensions: school attendance for…

Battiston, Diego; Cruces, Guillermo; Lopez-Calva, Luis Felipe; Lugo, Maria Ana; Santos, Maria Emma

2013-01-01

233

Is There a Latin American Model of the University?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recently, Latin America has seen the advent of research activities to meet the call for research that long preceded them and of the full-time research faculty who engage in them. These developments have taken place as the region partakes in contemporary worldwide trends that have affected universities elsewhere: the consequences of the increased…

Bernasconi, Andres

2008-01-01

234

Ideological dimensions of community participation in Latin American health programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

A comparative analysis of community participation in urban and agricultural programs, and health programs in Latin America suggests that the promotion of community participation was based in all cases on two false assumptions: (1) the belief that the traditional values of the poor were the main obstacle for development and for health improvement; and (2) the idea that the poor

Antonio Ugalde

1985-01-01

235

The Effects of Gender Quotas in Latin American National Elections  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the effects of gender quotas in national elections on political participation, public policy, and corruption in Latin America. We are able to replicate the findings from previous research that women in politics do affect these outcomes, but only when we treat the number of women in parliament as exogenous. We argue, however, that the introduction of gender

Andreas Kotsadam; Måns Nerman

2012-01-01

236

Six Latin American countries could join in new gas market  

SciTech Connect

The development of a regional natural gas market in southern Latin America based on a common pipeline network is a clear possibility in the medium term. This paper is, therefore, important to summarize precisely the present status and outlook for the natural gas industry in Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, Chile, Uruguay, and Paraguay.

Bechelli, C.M. (Destileria Argentina de Petroles S.A., Buenos Aires (AR)); Brandt, R.D. (Ecoenergia S.A., Buenos Aires (AR))

1991-10-21

237

Stapled hemorrhoidectomy: initial experience of a Latin American group.  

PubMed

The purpose of the present study was to determine the value of circular hemorrhoidectomy (procedure for prolapse and hemorrhoids [PPH]) on the basis of data collected prospectively during the initial experience of a group of Latin American surgeons. Between 2000 and 2001, PPH was performed using a circular stapler in 177 patients who had third- and fourth-degree hemorrhoidal disease. The average age of the patients was 47.7 years (range 26 to 85 years). Anal bleeding was the most common preoperative complaint (93.2%) followed by anal pain (60.2%), anal itching (43%), and constipation (41%). Hemorrhoids were classified as third degree in 132 patients (74%) and fourth degree in 45 patients (25.4%). Skin tags were detected in 86 patients (48.8%) and rectocele in 14 patients (7.9%). Data collected included patient demographics, type of anesthesia, and specific details of the surgery such as duration of the operation, distance from the staple line to the dentate line, need for complementary hemostasis, and any unexpected occurrences. Postoperative data collected included the degree of pain, which was evaluated on the basis of the type and dosage of analgesics required, laxative consumption, and the presence of bleeding, fever, urinary retention, or hematomas. Each patient completed a written questionnaire addressing these events. Patients returned for follow-up visits on days 7, 15, 30, and 90. Responses to pain, bleeding, fever, anal continence, recurrence of hemorrhoids, and level of satisfaction were compiled. The duration of the procedure ranged from 6 minutes to 2 hours (average 23 minutes), and most operations lasted no more than 20 minutes, with the exception of one that lasted 2 hours because of intraoperative bleeding. Intraoperative problems were minor. An additional one or a few sutures were required in 58.7% of patients to achieve perfect hemostasis. In 128 patients (72.3%) the hospital stay was less than 24 hours. Same-day surgery was chosen for 37 patients (20.9%). Pain was controlled with analgesia only using one to six doses of oral dipirona in 126 patients. Five patients were readmitted to the hospital: four for control of bleeding and one for conventional hemorrhoidectomy due to an acute episode of external hemorrhoidal thrombosis. At day 30, patients rated the efficacy of the procedure in alleviating preoperative symptoms as follows: 77.5% excellent; 16% good; 5.3% average, and 1.2% poor. At 3 months postoperatively no patient had had a recurrence of hemorrhoidal prolapse, and there were no instances of stenosis or anal incontinence. Surgeons also rated the efficacy of the procedure as excellent in 75%, good in 19.8%, average in 4.7%, and poor in 0.6%. With proper selection of patients and adequate stapling technique, stapled hemorrhoidectomy may be considered safe; it is easily learned, has a satisfactory degree of pain, and is well accepted by both patients and surgeons. PMID:13129562

Habr-Gama, Angelita; e Sous, Afonso H S; Roveló, José Manuel Correia; Souza, Jayme Vital Santos; Benício, Fernando; Regadas, Francisco S P; Wainstein, Cláudio; da Cunha, Túlio Marcos Rodrigues; Marques, Carlos Frederico S; Bonardi, Renato; Ramos, José Reinan; Pandini, Luiz Cláudio; Kiss, Desidério

2003-01-01

238

A Comparison of North American and Latin American Societies and Their Social-Political Pressures: A Preliminary Statement for Instructional Concepts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, a comparison of the Latin American and the North American society is presented as a preliminary to future refinement of the concepts into instructional devices for secondary students. Following discussion of the distinctions between the two general societal types (Latin America as organic-centripetal and North America as…

McDonald, Ronald H.

239

LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING EDUCATION, Vol. 5(2), 20101 1 On the Teaching of the Lumped Model for Unsteady  

E-print Network

LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING EDUCATION, Vol. 5(2), 20101 1 On the Teaching on November 5, 2011. This paper is part of the Latin American and Caribbean Journal of Engineering Education, Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 1-5, 2011. © LACCEI, ISSN 1935-0295 #12;LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN JOURNAL

Mukasyan, Alexander

240

Latin American and Caribbean Ethnic Studies, Volume 9, Issue 1, 2014, p. 1-22 Blackness and mestizaje: Afro-Caribbean music in Chetumal, Mexico1  

E-print Network

Latin American and Caribbean Ethnic Studies, Volume 9, Issue 1, 2014, p. 1-22 1 Blackness,version1-29Jul2014 Author manuscript, published in "Latin American and Caribbean Ethnic Studies 9, 1 (2014) 1-22" #12;Latin American and Caribbean Ethnic Studies, Volume 9, Issue 1, 2014, p. 1-22 2 hal

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

241

Multinational Corporations and Health Care in the United States and Latin America: Strategies, Actions, and Effects*  

PubMed Central

In this article we analyze the corporate dominance of health care in the United States and the dynamics that have motivated the international expansion of multinational health care corporations, especially to Latin America. We identify the strategies, actions, and effects of multinational corporations in health care delivery and public health policies. Our methods have included systematic bibliographical research and in-depth interviews in the United States, Mexico, and Brazil. Influenced by public policy makers in the United States, such organizations as the World Bank, International Monetary Fund, and World Trade Organization have advocated policies that encourage reduction and privatization of health care and public health services previously provided in the public sector. Multinational managed care organizations have entered managed care markets in several Latin American countries at the same time as they were withdrawing from managed care activities in Medicaid and Medicare within the United States. Corporate strategies have culminated in a marked expansion of corporations’ access to social security and related public sector funds for the support of privatized health services. International financial institutions and multinational corporations have influenced reforms that, while favorable to corporate interests, have worsened access to needed services and have strained the remaining public sector institutions. A theoretical approach to these problems emphasizes the falling rate of profit as an economic motivation of corporate actions, silent reform, and the subordination of polity to economy. Praxis to address these problems involves opposition to policies that enhance corporate interests while reducing public sector services, as well as alternative models that emphasize a strengthened public sector. PMID:15779471

JASSO-AGUILAR, REBECA; WAITZKIN, HOWARD; LANDWEHR, ANGELA

2010-01-01

242

Multinational corporations and health care in the United States and Latin America: strategies, actions, and effects.  

PubMed

In this article we analyze the corporate dominance of health care in the United States and the dynamics that have motivated the international expansion of multinational health care corporations, especially to Latin America. We identify the strategies, actions, and effects of multinational corporations in health care delivery and public health policies. Our methods have included systematic bibliographical research and in-depth interviews in the United States, Mexico, and Brazil. Influenced by public policy makers in the United States, such organizations as the World Bank, International Monetary Fund, and World Trade Organization have advocated policies that encourage reduction and privatization of health care and public health services previously provided in the public sector. Multinational managed care organizations have entered managed care markets in several Latin American countries at the same time as they were withdrawing from managed care activities in Medicaid and Medicare within the United States. Corporate strategies have culminated in a marked expansion of corporations' access to social security and related public sector funds for the support of privatized health services. International financial institutions and multinational corporations have influenced reforms that, while favorable to corporate interests, have worsened access to needed services and have strained the remaining public sector institutions. A theoretical approach to these problems emphasizes the falling rate of profit as an economic motivation of corporate actions, silent reform, and the subordination of polity to economy. Praxis to address these problems involves opposition to policies that enhance corporate interests while reducing public sector services, as well as alternative models that emphasize a strengthened public sector PMID:15779471

Jasso-Aguilar, Rebeca; Waitzkin, Howard; Landwehr, Angela

2004-01-01

243

Social Identity, Motivation, andWell Being Among Adolescents from Asian and Latin American Backgrounds  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Youth from Asian and Latin American backgrounds, the fastest rising minority groups in American society, face numerous challenges\\u000a to their successful development. The majority of these adolescents have immigrant parents and many of them were born in another\\u000a country themselves, creating the need to adapt and adjust to a new and different society (Hernandez, 2004). The youths’ families\\u000a come from

Andrew J. Fuligni

244

No Tours beyond This Point: From Service to Civic Learning in Latin American Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the design and implementation of a new course in Latin American Studies that sought to integrate traditional elements of undergraduate education with a more progressive pedagogical approach stressing experiential applications of classroom education. Civic engagement seemed particularly well suited to the course because of…

Bromberg, Shelly Jarrett

2008-01-01

245

A Test of the Cultural Dependency Theory in Seven Latin American Newspapers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cultural dependency has become a serious international issue over the past two decades, especially as it relates to the news media. If charges that the Latin American media are subservient to foreign interests have any truth, then the content of their media should closely resemble that of the foreign wires to which they subscribe. The news can be…

Link, Jere H.

246

Immigrant advantage? Substance use among Latin American immigrant and native-born youth in Spain  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports the results of a descriptive study conducted with middle school and high school age youth residing in northwestern Spain. The main outcome of the study is to advance knowledge about the drug use attitudes and behaviors of immigrants versus native youth in a social context where Latin American immigrants share a common language and a set of

Flavio Francisco Marsiglia; Stephen Kulis; Maria Ángeles Luengo; Tanya Nieri; Paula Villar

2008-01-01

247

Latin American Productivity from 1990 to 1998 in the Mexican Journal of Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Published uninterruptedly since 1984, the Mexican Journal of Psychology (MJP) has been recognized as one of the most important periodicals in Spanish-language psychology. After coping with financial impediments and a lack of scientific contributions, the significance of the MJP emerged. The journal remains vital in the development of Latin American psychology. It is today recognized as having the highest impact

Laura Hernández-Guzmán; María Montero y López Lena; Olivia Carrillo Macías

2002-01-01

248

The Importance of Negotiation for Policy Dialogue: Latin American Training Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past several decades, Latin American countries have supported processes of bringing public policy decisions on education closer to the people concerned. Participation at all levels of decision-making processes has generally been highly valued. Nonetheless, these decentralization efforts came about without governments taking the necessary…

Jaramillo, Maria Clara

2004-01-01

249

The Educated Citizen: Cultural and Gender Capital in the Schooling of Latin American Children in Japan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An ethnographic study on a Japanese language tutoring programme for foreign children was conducted from 2003 to 2006. The investigation attempted to shed light on issues of language acquisition among Latin American children who attended three public primary schools in Japan. This article combines extensive participant observation and in-depth…

Castro-Vazquez, Genaro

2011-01-01

250

What are poverty maps telling us? An exploration of Latin American poverty small area estimates  

E-print Network

What are poverty maps telling us? An exploration of Latin American poverty small area estimates, the study of the geographic dimension and distribution of poverty has gained considerable attention, the incorporation of the geographic dimension in the analysis of poverty is helpful for identifying and explaining

Krivobokova, Tatyana

251

Educational Marketing in the Latin American Context: An Executive MBA Case  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides Latin American Executive MBA students' approaches to studying, achieving profile, preferences and perceptions of instructional methods used in teaching marketing courses and educational marketing segments based on their preference ranking of instructional methods and approaches to studying. Results indicate that, in general, these students have a strong need for excellence, and for gaining status with experts. Their

José I. Rojas-Méndez; Sadrudin A. Ahmed

2005-01-01

252

The contemporary Latin American and Caribbean copper cycle: 1 year stocks and flows  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substance flow cycles can provide a picture of resource uses and losses through a geographic region, thus allowing the evaluation of approaches to regional resource management and the estimation of gross environmental impacts. This paper traces the flow of copper as it enters and leaves the Latin American and the Caribbean (LAC) economy over 1 year. A regional material flow

D. Vexler; M. Bertram; A. Kapur; S. Spatari; T. E. Graedel

2004-01-01

253

Possible treatments for arsenic removal in Latin American waters for human consumption  

Microsoft Academic Search

Considering the toxic effects of arsenic, the World Health Organization recommends a maximum concentration of 10 ?g L?1 of arsenic in drinking water. Latin American populations present severe health problems due to consumption of waters with high arsenic contents. The physicochemical properties of surface and groundwaters are different from those of other more studied regions of the planet, and the problem is

Marta I. Litter; Maria E. Morgada; Jochen Bundschuh

2010-01-01

254

Maria De Los Angeles Torres, Professor/Head, UIC Department of Latin American Studies  

E-print Network

Maria De Los Angeles Torres, Professor/Head, UIC Department of Latin American Studies Monday, 2010 9:30 am Stevenson Hall 220 November 2010 October 2010 Honors College Leadership Lecture Series Inspiring Future Leadership Through Example This Leadership Lecture Series is funded in part through

Ben-Arie, Jezekiel

255

Altering Masculinities: The Spanish Conquest and the Evolution of the Latin American Machismo  

Microsoft Academic Search

Machismo, a stereotype that emphasizes hypermasculinity and associated with the Latin American male, was a legacy of the Conquest of the Spanish conquistadores and their interpretation of and reaction to the indigenous two-spirit. It was the product of the rape of indigenous women, the response to indigenous imperial ritual, and the sublimation of indigenous male sexuality. It was a response

Michael Hardin

2002-01-01

256

Safety-first portfolio optimization for US investors in emerging global, Asian and Latin American markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Risk averse US investors with safety-first objectives in portfolio optimization hold small weights (maximum 10%) in emerging markets when constructing portfolios of the Standard and Poor's 500 (SP), and the Emerging Markets Composite Global (CG), Asia (AS) and Latin American (LA) indexes, respectively. The Composite Global and Asia weights are even smaller than their minimum variance weights. Yet, these optimal

Mahfuzul Haque; M. Kabir Hassan; Oscar Varela

2004-01-01

257

The Impact of the Regulatory Process and Price Cap Regulation in Latin American Telecommunications Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

I empirically examine the impact of the liberalization and regulatory process on the Latin American telecommunications sector during the period 1990-1998. I find that privatisation and the existence of an independent regulator are positively associated with teledensity and operating efficiency while competition and price cap regulation are strongly positively associated with teledensity. This study confirms results in previous research that

Agustin J. Ros

2003-01-01

258

Strategic spatial essentialism: Latin Americans' real and imagined geographies of belonging in Toronto  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper contributes to debates on the empirical and conceptual potentials of anti-essentializing notions such as ‘thirdspace’ with the aim to open new epistemological and political grounds. Based on the findings of ethnographic research, I critically examine two spatial strategies (the deliberate creation of an ethnic neighbourhood, and the securing of a community centre) that Latin American immigrants in Toronto,

Luisa Veronis

2007-01-01

259

Social Capital and Student Learning: Empirical Results from Latin American Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents an empirical analysis of the relationship between social capital and student math and language achievement and the probability of promotion, using data gathered from fourth grade classrooms in public schools in four Latin American cities. The results suggest that social capital among teachers in a school, between teacher and…

Anderson, Joan B.

2008-01-01

260

Daily Family Conflict and Emotional Distress among Adolescents from Latin American, Asian, and European Backgrounds  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors employed a daily diary method to assess daily frequencies of interparental and parent-adolescent conflict over a 2-week period and their implications for emotional distress across the high school years in a longitudinal sample of 415 adolescents from Latin American, Asian, and European backgrounds. Although family conflict remained…

Chung, Grace H.; Flook, Lisa; Fuligni, Andrew J.

2009-01-01

261

Linguistic Reception of Latin American Students in Catalonia and Their Responses to Educational Language Policies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the connections between language policy implementation in three Barcelona-area secondary schools and the language attitudes and behaviors of Spanish-speaking Latin American newcomers. Data were collected through interviews and ethnographic participant observation document indexes of different forms of language socialization…

Newman, Michael; Patino-Santos, Adriana; Trenchs-Parera, Mireia

2013-01-01

262

Executive Authority, the Personal Vote, and Budget Discipline in Latin American and Caribbean Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent scholarship on budgeting in Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) countries indicates that political institutions impact the level of budget discipline. Building upon this previous research, we argue that the principal problem that must be addressed in both the government and the legislature to insure strong fiscal discipline is the common pool resource (CPR) problem. At the cabinet level, the

Mark Hallerberg; Patrik Marier

2004-01-01

263

Citizenship Learning and Political Participation: The Case of Latin American-Canadians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the informal learning processes and the changes in the values of a group of 200 Latin American immigrants to Canada. Results show that the majority of the respondents underwent at least one political or civic learning process, like increasing tolerance or environmental responsibility. The findings also suggest a number of…

Ginieniewicz, Jorge

2008-01-01

264

Ethnic Identity and Family Processes among Adolescents from Latin American, Asian, and European Backgrounds  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ninth graders (N = 679; 50% male, 50% female) from Latin American (41%), Asian (38%), and European (21%) backgrounds reported on their ethnic identity and family attitudes and relationships. Adolescents also completed daily checklists of family interactions over a two-week period. Results indicated that ethnic identity, measured through…

Kiang, Lisa; Fuligni, Andrew J.

2009-01-01

265

Latin American scientific output 1986–91 and international co-authorship patterns  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results are presented of a study covering 1986–91 of the scientific output of Latin American nations. The distribution of the output within the countries is shown: in most countries there is a high concentration in the national capital. The papers co-authored with scientists from other countries are also examined. There has been a notable rise in both the number and

G. Lewison; A. Fawcett-Jones; C. Kessler

1993-01-01

266

Home-School Conflicts and Barriers to the Academic Achievement of Children of Latin American Immigrants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the role of home-school conflicts in the educational failure of children of Latin American immigrants and examines how these conflicts have been framed and understood in the existing research literature. It argues that structural analyses of barriers to educational attainment alone fail to capture the multiplicity of forces…

Bajaj, Carolyn Sattin

2009-01-01

267

Women Academic Leaders in a Latin American University: Reconciling the Paradoxes of Professional Lives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of 18 female academic leaders at the University of Costa Rica investigated factors in the women's professional success, career paths and obstacles, and the role of Latin American and institutional culture in their professional choices and lives. Results suggest an alternative to traditional Western theory of women's careers, focusing on…

Twombly, Susan B.

1998-01-01

268

The Latin American Journal of Astronomy Education (RELEA): contributions and perspectives  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The goal of this work is to present an analysis of articles published by the Latin American Journal of Astronomy Education (RELEA) since its beginning (2004) to the present. We analyzed the 59 articles available on the website of the journal

Bretones, P. S.; Jafelice, L. C.; Horvath, J. E.

2014-10-01

269

Corruption and the size of government: causality tests for OECD and Latin American countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to examine the causality between government size and corruption, and to verify if there is a different pattern of causality between developed Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries (excluding Mexico) and developing countries (Latin American countries) during the period 1996 to 2003. Applying Granger and Huang's (1997) methodology we find evidence that

Paulo Roberto Arvate; Andrea Zaitune Curi; Fabiana Rocha; Fabio A. Miessi Sanches

2010-01-01

270

Cuba's Latin American Medical School: can socially-accountable medical education make a difference?  

PubMed

After graduating more than 12,000 doctors since its founding in 1999, Cuba's Latin American Medical School (ELAM, the Spanish acronym) is tackling one of its greatest challenges to date: how to track graduates from over 65 countries and measure their impact on health outcomes and policy in their local contexts? PMID:22869243

Gorry, Conner

2012-07-01

271

The "Other" Internment: Teaching the Hidden Story of Japanese Latin Americans during WWII  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes how the author teaches 8th graders to imagine the experiences of people from another time in history and make connections to today. Through a role play, the author teaches the hidden story of Japanese Latin Americans during WWII. The role play engages students in exploration of a little-known piece of history--the…

Yonamine, Moe

2010-01-01

272

An Introduction to Latin American and Carribean Musics in Florida: Multicultural Approaches in the Music Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because of Florida's rapidly growing ethnic populations, public school teachers of music and other disciplines in the humanities and fine arts in Florida must assess and adjust their curricula to include Latin American and Caribbean music and cultures in their programs. This will give curricular representation to a large percentage of Florida's…

Olsen, Dale A.

273

Comparing Work-Life Balance in Spanish and Latin-American Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to determine the level of awareness and implementation of family-responsible parameters: policies, enablers, practices, and culture, in Spanish and Latin-American companies, and how they impact work-life balance. Design/methodology/approach: The study uses data from different national IESE's Family-Responsible Employer…

Carlier, Sandra Idrovo; Llorente, Consuelo Leon; Grau, Marc Grau

2012-01-01

274

The ETK Model: Effects on Latin American Higher Education Faculty Satisfaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problem. This study was designed to investigate emotional human, E, technology awareness, T, and knowledge management, K, competences or dimensions of Latin American public post-secondary educational institution departments; specifically how these ETK competences or dimensions affect faculty satisfaction. Method. Three-hundred and…

Cardenas, Jorge Alberto

2009-01-01

275

CILA: A New Approach to Problems in the Acquisition of Latin American Library Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper attempts to provide a contextual study of CILA--Centro Interamericano de Libros Academicos--a new scheme for the distribution of scholarly books in the Americas. Because of the scheme's peculiar relevance to the needs of Canadian academic libraries, the status of Latin American studies and relevant library collections in Canada are…

Clouston, John Samuel

276

Tobacco smoking in seven Latin American cities: the CARMELA study  

PubMed Central

Objective This study aimed to explore tobacco smoking in seven major cities of Latin America. Methods The Cardiovascular Risk Factor Multiple Evaluation in Latin America (CARMELA) study is a cross-sectional epidemiological study of 11?550 adults between 25 and 64?years old in Barquisimeto, Venezuela; Bogota, Colombia; Buenos Aires, Argentina; Lima, Peru; Mexico City, Mexico; Quito, Ecuador; and Santiago, Chile. Tobacco smoking, including cigarettes, cigars and pipes, was surveyed among other cardiovascular risk factors. Results Santiago and Buenos Aires had the highest smoking prevalence (45.4% and 38.6%, respectively); male and female rates were similar. In other cities, men smoked more than women, most markedly in Quito (49.4% of men vs 10.5% of women). Peak male smoking prevalence occurred among the youngest two age groups (25–34 and 35–44 years old). Men and women of Buenos Aires smoked the highest number of cigarettes per day on average (15.7 and 12.4, respectively). Men initiated regular smoking earlier than women in each city (ranges 13.7–20.0?years vs 14.2–21.1?years, respectively). Exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke at workplace for more than 5?h per day was higher in Barquisimeto (28.7%), Buenos Aires (26.8%) and Santiago (21.5%). The highest prevalence of former smokers was found among men in Buenos Aires, Santiago and Lima (30.0%, 26.8% and 26.0% respectively). Conclusions Smoking prevalence was high in the seven CARMELA cities, although patterns of smoking varied among cities. A major health and economic burden is inevitable in urban Latin America unless effective comprehensive tobacco control measures recommended by the World Health Organisation Framework Convention on Tobacco Control are implemented. PMID:20709777

Champagne, B M; Schargrodsky, H; Pramparo, P; Boissonnet, C; Wilson, E

2010-01-01

277

Buruli Ulcer in United Kingdom Tourist Returning from Latin America  

E-print Network

We report a case of Buruli ulcer in a tourist from the United Kingdom. The disease was almost certainly acquired in Brazil, where only 1 case had previously been reported. The delay in diagnosis highlights the need for physicians to be aware of the disease and its epidemiology. Buruli ulcer (BU) is caused by infection with Mycobacterium ulcerans and can lead to extensive destruction of skin and soft tissue (1). The disease is endemic in>30 tropical and subtropical countries worldwide (2,3). It is associated with exposure to stagnant water or slowflowing rivers. Most cases occur in Africa, and only 1 case has been previously reported from Brazil (4). It has rarely been described in travelers returning from an endemic area (5,6). We report a case of a UK tourist with M. ulcerans infection after a trip to Brazil and other parts of Latin America. The Case The travel itinerary for this 27-year-old man, his history of water exposure, and the clinical progression of the lesion all support the hypothesis that he acquired the infection in the Pantanal region of southern Brazil. He spent 4 days there starting on August 11, 2007, and participated in trekking on horseback through wetlands and a canoe trip during which he was immersed in water on several occasions. From that region, he flew to the Bolivian cities of Santa Cruz and La Paz, before traveling overland to Lake Titicaca. After 3 days there, he journeyed on to Arequipa, Peru. On September 2, he took a bus trip to the Colca Canyon. During this journey, 17 days after leaving the Pantanal, he first noticed a small, painless papule with an overlying scab on the lateral aspect of his left knee. He had no history

Hugh Mcgann; Pieter Stragier; Françoise Portaels; Deborah Gascoyne-binzi; Timothy Collyns; Damian Mawer

278

Detection of Latin American Strains of Histoplasma in a Murine Model by Use of a Commercially Available Antigen Test?  

PubMed Central

During a Histoplasma outbreak in a colony of fruit bats at a southern United States zoo, it was observed that although Histoplasma was recovered in culture from multiple sites at necropsy, none of the samples collected from those bats tested positive for Histoplasma antigen (HAg). Five of the Histoplasma isolates from the bats were subsequently identified as Latin American (LA) clade A, restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) class 6. These observations raised concern as to whether the commercially available HAg test could detect Histoplasma antigen not of the North American clade upon which the HAg test had been developed. To evaluate this concern, a murine model of disseminated histoplasmosis was established, and mice were infected with multiple LA Histoplasma isolates, including clinical isolates recovered from Brazilian AIDS patients (RFLP class 5 and class 6) and isolates recovered from the bats during the outbreak (RFLP class 6). Histoplasma antigen was detected in all infected mice in our experiments, even when Histoplasma was not recovered in culture. Because the currently available HAg test is able to detect Histoplasma antigen in mice infected with Latin American isolates, this suggests that bat host factors rather than differences among Histoplasma RFLP classes were responsible for the inability to detect HAg in infected bats. PMID:20357054

Allton, David R.; Rivard, Robert G.; Connolly, Patricia A.; McCall, Suzanne; Durkin, Michelle M.; Boyd, Tonya M.; Flanagan, Joseph P.; Wheat, L. Joseph; Hospenthal, Duane R.

2010-01-01

279

The risk of unwanted pregnancy, a Latin American perspective.  

PubMed

The most important risk of an unwanted pregnancy is induced abortion. Where abortion on demand is legal, the risk attached to an early induced abortion is minimal. Where it is illegal, as in most of South and Central America, the risk for a pregnant woman varies with her economic situation. The poorer the woman, the higher the risk. 2 approaches are used to estimate the number of illegal abortions: the use of hospital statistics for women hospitalized for complications of abortion and a inquiry into the obstetric history of a representative random sample of women of fertile age. The 1st strategy was mostly used in the 1960s, and the data were widely used to justify the use of contraceptives for the prevention of unwanted pregnancies. Although family planning programs, operated by both national governments and by the private sector, are now common in Latin America, all contraceptives have a certain proportion of failures, and some have side-effects which result in discontinuation of use. These factors, among others, help to maintain a high prevalence of illegal abortion. In Cuba, abortion was legalized in 1979 after a study showed that illegal abortions were the major cause of female death in the age group 15-44. Combined with contraceptive counseling, this has led Cuba to have a birth rate as low as Western European countries, and the lowest maternal and infant mortality rates in Latin America. In countries where abortion is illegal, the frequency of unwanted births in high. A study of 2485 pregnant women in a working class district of Santiago, Chile, showed only 33.1% of the women were happy with their pregnancy, 38.4% had mixed feelings, and 28.5% were unhappy. These children were followed up until they were 1 year old. More than 1 appointment at the well-baby clinic was missed by 12.2% of the mothers who had not wanted to be pregnant, as compared to 4.7% of mothers who had wanted to be pregnant. 19.8% of the unwanted children showed nutritional deficiencies at 1 year, while 12.7% of the wanted children did, 28.9% and 17.3% respectively, were undernourished. It is essential that the governments in Latin America increase their efforts to prevent unwanted pregnancies and to start seriously to think about changing their penal codes in order to legalize induced abortion. PMID:12281958

Viel, B

1989-02-01

280

Antibiotic Prescriptions in Critically-Ill Patients: A Latin American Experience  

PubMed Central

Background: It is widely acknowledged that the presence of infection is an important outcome determinant for intensive care unit (ICU) patients. In fact, antibiotics are one of the most common therapies administered in the ICU settings. Aim: To evaluate the current usage of antibiotics in Latin American ICUs. Subjects and Methods: A one-day p-oint prevalence study to investigate the patterns of antibiotic was undertaken in 72 Latin American (LA) ICUs. Data was analyzed using the Statistix 8 statistical software, version 2.0 (USA). Results were expressed as proportions. When applicable, two tailed hypothesis testing for difference in proportions was used (Proportion Test); a P value of <0.05 was considered significant. Results: Of 704 patients admitted, 359 received antibiotic treatment on the day of the study (51%), of which 167/359 cases (46.5%) were due to hospital-acquired infections. The most frequent infection reorted was nosocomial pneumonia (74/359, 21%). Only in 264/359 patients (73.5%), cultures before starting antibiotic treatment were performed. Thirty-eight percent of the isolated microorganisms were Enterobacteriaceae extended-spectrum ?-lactamase-producing, 11% methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and 10% carbapenems-resistant non-fermentative Gram-negatives. The antibiotics most frequently prescribed were carbapenems (125/359, 35%), alone or in combination with vancomycin or other antibiotic. There were no significant differences in the “restricted” antibiotic prescription (carbapenems, vancomycin, piperacillin–tazobactam, broad-spectrum cephalosporins, fluoroquinolones, tigecycline and linezolid) between patients with APACHE II score at the beginning of the antibiotic treatment <15 [83/114 (72.5%)] and ?15 [179/245 (73%)] (P = 0.96). Only 29% of the antibiotic treatments were cultured directed (104/359). Conclusion: Carbapenems (alone or in combination) were the most frequently prescribed antibiotics in LA ICUs. However, the problem of carbapenem resistance in LA requires that physicians improve the use of this class of antibiotics. Our findings show that our web-based method for collection of one-day point prevalence was implemented successfully. However, based on the limitations of the model used, the results of this study must be taken with caution. PMID:23919194

Curcio, D

2013-01-01

281

Rethinking Brazil's Place within Latin Americanist Geography  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent geographical research has disproportionately focused on Spanish-speaking America. By evaluating the histories of Latin American geographies, 17 English-language geography journals, the Journal of Latin Americanist Geography, Brazilianist geography memberships in three academic associations, and the number of Ph.Ds earned in the United States for each Latin American country; this article shows that there is a Spanish-centric bias in the

Alan P. Marcus

2011-01-01

282

Rethinking Brazil's Place within Latin Americanist Geography  

Microsoft Academic Search

:Recent geographical research has disproportionately focused on Spanish-speaking America. By evaluating the histories of Latin American geographies, 17 English-language geography journals, the Journal of Latin Americanist Geography, Brazilianist geography memberships in three academic associations, and the number of Ph.Ds earned in the United States for each Latin American country; this article shows that there is a Spanish-centric bias in the

Alan P. Marcus

2011-01-01

283

PREFACE: 21st Latin American Symposium on Solid State Physics (SLAFES XXI)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Latin American Symposium on Solid State Physics (SLAFES) started in Caracas-Venezuela, and over time the symposia have taken place in 9 different Latin American countries. The last five events took place in Mérida-Venezuela (2002), Havana-Cuba (2004), Puebla-Mexico (2006), Puerto Iguazú-Argentina (2008) and Maragogi-Brazil (2011). During the last years, in the different SLAFES editions, the aim has been to bring together researches from Latina America and invite renowned scientists from around the world to a unique forum to discuss the latest developments regarding Solid state Physics. The 21st Latin American Symposium on Solid State Physics (SLAFES XXI) was held in Villa de Leyva-Colombia, from September 30 to October 04, 2013. The 21st SLAFES version featured the participation of experts in various areas of Solid State Physics from countries such as Belgium, Germany, United States, Spain, Ireland, Chile, Argentina and Brazil, had 270 submitted works and was attended by 140 researchers. The development of this event was made possible by financial support from the Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Universidad del Norte-CO, Universidad de Magdalena-CO, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco-BR and the Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exatas, Naturales y Física. Editors Professor J Albino Aguiar Departamento de Física Universidade Federal de Pernambuco 50670-901 Recife PE Brazil e-mail: albino@df.ufpe.br Professor Jairo Roa-Rojas Grupo de Física de Nuevos Materiales Departamento de Física Universidad Nacional de Colombia A.A. 5997 Bogotá DC, Colombia e-mail: jroar@unal.edu.co Professor Carlos Arturo Parra Vargas Grupo Física de Materiales Escuela de Física Universidad Padagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia Tunja Colombia e-mail: carlos.parra@uptc.edu.co Professor David A Land\\'i nez Téllez Grupo de Física de Nuevos Materiales Departamento de Física Universidad Nacional de Colombia A.A. 5997 Bogotá DC Colombia e-mail: dalandinezt@unal.edu.co Professor Laura T Corredor Bohórquez Departamento de Física Universidade Federal de Pernambuco 50670-901 Recife PE Brazil e-mail: ltcorredorb@df.ufpe.br Professor Arkady Shanenko Departamento de Física Universidade Federal de Pernambuco 50670-901 Recife PE Brazil e-mail: arkadyshanenko@df.ufpe.br Professor Renato F Jardim Instituto de Física Universidade de S\\~ao Paulo CP 66318 S\\~ao Paulo SP Brazil e-mail: rjardim@if.usp.br Professor Francois Peeters Department Fysica Universiteit Antwerpen Groneneborgerlann 171 B-2020, Antwerpen Belgium e-mail: francois.peeters@uantwerpen.be Organizing committee ChairmanCarlos Arturo Parra Vargas Proceedings EditorJosé Albino Aguiar Program ChairJairo Roa-Rojas SecretaryAura Janeth Barón González TreasurerArmando Sarmiento Santos Speaker ChairRafael González Hernández Fernando Naranjo Mayorga David A Landínez Téllez Jesús Oswaldo Morán José Sierra Ortega

Aguiar, J. Albino

2014-04-01

284

The color of health: skin color, ethnoracial classification, and discrimination in the health of Latin Americans.  

PubMed

Latin America is one of the most ethnoracially heterogeneous regions of the world. Despite this, health disparities research in Latin America tends to focus on gender, class and regional health differences while downplaying ethnoracial differences. Few scholars have conducted studies of ethnoracial identification and health disparities in Latin America. Research that examines multiple measures of ethnoracial identification is rarer still. Official data on race/ethnicity in Latin America are based on self-identification which can differ from interviewer-ascribed or phenotypic classification based on skin color. We use data from Brazil, Colombia, Mexico, and Peru to examine associations of interviewer-ascribed skin color, interviewer-ascribed race/ethnicity, and self-reported race/ethnicity with self-rated health among Latin American adults (ages 18-65). We also examine associations of observer-ascribed skin color with three additional correlates of health - skin color discrimination, class discrimination, and socio-economic status. We find a significant gradient in self-rated health by skin color. Those with darker skin colors report poorer health. Darker skin color influences self-rated health primarily by increasing exposure to class discrimination and low socio-economic status. PMID:24957692

Perreira, Krista M; Telles, Edward E

2014-09-01

285

ETNICIDAD NEGRA Y ELECCIONES EN COLOMBIA Publi in Journal of Latin American Anthropology, Vol 7, No. 2, 2002. Pp. 168-197.  

E-print Network

1 ETNICIDAD NEGRA Y ELECCIONES EN COLOMBIA Publié in Journal of Latin American Anthropology, Vol 7-00943300,version1-7Feb2014 Author manuscript, published in "The Journal of Latin American Anthropology 7, 2, No. 2, 2002. Pp. 168-197. Carlos Efrén Agudelo Institute de Hautes �tudes de Amérique Latine

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

286

21F.084J / 21A.224J / 17.55 Introduction to Latin American Studies, Spring 2002  

E-print Network

This HASS-D/CI course is designed as an introduction to Latin American politics and society for undergraduates at MIT. No background on the region is required. Overall workload (reading, writing, class participation, and ...

Lawson, Chappell H., 1967-

287

Current status and expected developments in the area of satellite communications in the Latin American and Caribbean region  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The present capabilities of various Latin American countries in the area of satellite communications are discussed. Their current needs in this area are covered and how these needs are now being met, as well as prospects for future advancements.

Ayala, S.

1986-01-01

288

Intercountry Adoption of Latin American Children: The Importance of Early Bilingual\\/Bicultural Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because of major worldwide demographic changes, many Latin American children are frequently adopted in the U.S. This article presents an overview of the historical and contemporary circumstances and controversies surrounding intercountry adoptions (ICAs), and a review of possible risk factors for later child or adolescent maladjustment. Although a number of follow-up studies indicate a 70–80% positive outcome, some ICAs end

Renata Frank De Verthelyi

1996-01-01

289

The Latin Americanization of Racial Stratification in the U.S  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Aside from what exists in the U.S. there is another layer of complexity in Latin American racial stratification systems. They\\u000a include three racial strata, which are internally designated by “color.” In addition to skin tone, phenotype, hair texture,\\u000a eye color, culture, education, and class matter is the phenomenon known as pigmentocracy, or colorism. Pigmentocracy has been\\u000a central to the maintenance

Eduardo Bonilla-Silva; David R. Dietrich

290

An Analysis of the Day-of-the-Week Effect in Latin American Stock Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to determine the existence of the Day-of-the-Week (DOW) effect in six Latin American stock markets: Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Argentina, and Peru. For this, an analysis of their associated stock indexes is in order, using returns in domestic currency. Considering the years 1993-2007, each stock market shows at least one abnormal day. The most

Werner Kristjanpoller Rodríguez

2009-01-01

291

The Races of maize iv: tentative grouping of 219 Latin American races  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using principal component and cluster analyses of 20 ear characters for 219 Latin American races and subraces of maize, 14\\u000a groups of races are delimited. The relationships among these groups are indicated, and some subdivisions of the 14 racial\\u000a groups are described. Only two of the 14 groups of races have been widely used in breeding; several groups have only

Major M. Goodman; Robert McK Bird

1977-01-01

292

Latin American Theatre Review, Volume 12, Number 2: Recent Publications, Materials Received and Current Bibliography  

E-print Network

. Santo Domingo: Editora Taller, 1976. (Cortesía de Teresinka Pereira). [See Review section for a review of this play]. Casas, Myrna. Theatrical Production in Puerto Rico from 1700-1824: The Role 100 LATIN AMERICAN THEATRE REVIEW of the Government... del carácter histórico del teatro," Plural (Revista mensual de Excelsior), Segunda época, Vol. VI, Núm. 84 (sept 1978), 59-62. Quintanar, Carlos Fernández. "Dominar el teatro con alegría," Plural, segunda época, Vol. VIII, Núm. 86 (nov 1978), 42...

Editors

1979-04-01

293

Population change in Latin American and the Caribbean, 1990-  

E-print Network

of global change processes ­ Land use ­ Climate change ­ Hydrology ­ Emerging infectious diseases · Element units, but also to administrative changes #12;�uflo de Flores, Santa Cruz, Bolivia 1992 2001 2002 3

Columbia University

294

[Latin American consensus on hypertension in patients with diabetes type 2 and metabolic syndrome].  

PubMed

The present document has been prepared by a group of experts, members of Cardiology, Endocrinology, Internal Medicine, Nephrology and Diabetes societies of Latin American countries, to serve as a guide to physicians taking care of patients with diabetes, hypertension and comorbidities or complications of both conditions. Although the concept of metabolic syndrome is currently disputed, the higher prevalence in Latin America of that cluster of metabolic alterations has suggested that metabolic syndrome is useful nosography entity in the context of Latin American medicine. Therefore, in the present document, particular attention is paid to this syndrome in order to alert physicians on a particular high- risk population, usually underestimated and undertreated. These recommendations results from presentation and debates by discussion panels during a 2-day conference held in Bucaramanga, in October 2012, and all the participants have approved the final conclusions. The authors acknowledge that the publication and diffusion of guidelines do not suffice to achieve the recommended changes in diagnostic or therapeutic strategies, and plan suitable interventions overcoming both physicians and patients from effectively adhering to guideline recommendations. PMID:24365579

López-Jaramillo, Patricio; Sánchez, Ramiro A; Díaz, Margarita; Cobos, Leonardo; Bryce, Alfonso; Parra-Carrillo, José Z; Lizcano, Fernando; Lanas, Fernando; Sinay, Isaac; Sierra, Iván D; Peñaherrera, Ernesto; Benderky, Mario; Schmid, Helena; Botero, Rodrigo; Urina, Manuel; Lara, Joffre; Foos, Milton C; Márquez, Gustavo; Harrap, Stephen; Ramírez, Agustín J; Zanchetti, Alberto

2014-01-01

295

[Latin American consensus on hypertension in patients with diabetes type 2 and metabolic syndrome].  

PubMed

The present document has been prepared by a group of experts, members of cardiology, endocrinology, internal medicine, nephrology and diabetes societies of Latin American countries, to serve as a guide to physicians taking care of patients with diabetes, hypertension and comorbidities or complications of both conditions. Although the concept of metabolic syndrome is currently disputed, the higher prevalence in Latin America of that cluster of metabolic alterations has suggested that metabolic syndrome is a useful nosography entity in the context of Latin American medicine. Therefore, in the present document, particular attention is paid to this syndrome in order to alert physicians on a particular high-risk population, usually underestimated and undertreated. These recommendations result from presentations and debates by discussion panels during a 2-day conference held in Bucaramanga, in October 2012, and all the participants have approved the final conclusions. The authors acknowledge that the publication and diffusion of guidelines do not suffice to achieve the recommended changes in diagnostic or therapeutic strategies, and plan suitable interventions overcoming knowledge, attitude and behavioural barriers, preventing both physicians and patients from effectively adhering to guideline recommendations. PMID:24863082

López-Jaramillo, Patricio; Sánchez, Ramiro A; Diaz, Margarita; Cobos, Leonardo; Bryce, Alfonso; Parra-Carrillo, Jose Z; Lizcano, Fernando; Lanas, Fernando; Sinay, Isaac; Sierra, Iván D; Peñaherrera, Ernesto; Bendersky, Mario; Schmid, Helena; Botero, Rodrigo; Urina, Manuel; Lara, Joffre; Foss, Milton C; Márquez, Gustavo; Harrap, Stephen; Ramírez, Agustín J; Zanchetti, Alberto

2014-04-01

296

Genealogical information and the structure of rural Latin-American populations: reality and fantasy.  

PubMed

Genetic data organized in the form of genealogies can provide much information regarding the history and genetic structure of human populations. A large proportion of the population of Latin America is organized in small rural semi-isolated communities, with little immigration, and until the last 50-100 years, little emigration. These communities have a strong sense of their genealogical history, and this "genealogical conscience' is a frequent leitmotif in modern Latin-American literature. In this communication, we compare the characteristics of fictitious genealogies described in two masterpieces of Latin-American literature, García Márquez' Cien Años de Soledad (A Hundred Years of Solitude), and Verissimo's O Tempo e o Vento (Time and the Wind), with one existing well-studied population in Argentina, Aicuña. All three populations exhibit a number of common characteristics, such as histories of long periods of civil war, and large pedigrees with complex paths of inheritance resulting in complex patterns of inbreeding. Genetic themes common to all three are: (1) the use of genealogical records to substantiate the property of the land or the political power of a kinship; (2) the genealogical registry of biological descendants, independent of their legal or marital status in the clan; (3) the existence of pedigrees of the aristocratic branches in the same kindreds, which illustrate the legal principle of primogeniture; (4) the value of last names as indicators of kinships and the extent of genetic isolation, and (5) the awareness of the deleterious consequences of consanguinity. PMID:8854140

Castilla, E E; Adams, J

1996-01-01

297

BERKELEY REVIEW OF LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES CENTER FOR LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES, UC BERKELEY 50 51Spring 2014  

E-print Network

collective bargaining can result in highly competitive, profitable firms. If workers share in those gains said. Bob King was the president of the United Automobile Workers from 2010 to 2014. He spoke for CLAS nited Automobile Workers President Bob King spoke at UC Berkeley on February 24, 2014, just 10 days

Kammen, Daniel M.

298

The impact of Converso Jews on the genomes of modern Latin Americans.  

PubMed

Modern day Latin America resulted from the encounter of Europeans with the indigenous peoples of the Americas in 1492, followed by waves of migration from Europe and Africa. As a result, the genomic structure of present day Latin Americans was determined both by the genetic structure of the founding populations and the numbers of migrants from these different populations. Here, we analyzed DNA collected from two well-established communities in Colorado (33 unrelated individuals) and Ecuador (20 unrelated individuals) with a measurable prevalence of the BRCA1 c.185delAG and the GHR c.E180 mutations, respectively, using Affymetrix Genome-wide Human SNP 6.0 arrays to identify their ancestry. These mutations are thought to have been brought to these communities by Sephardic Jewish progenitors. Principal component analysis and clustering methods were employed to determine the genome-wide patterns of continental ancestry within both populations using single nucleotide polymorphisms, complemented by determination of Y-chromosomal and mitochondrial DNA haplotypes. When examining the presumed European component of these two communities, we demonstrate enrichment for Sephardic Jewish ancestry not only for these mutations, but also for other segments as well. Although comparison of both groups to a reference Hispanic/Latino population of Mexicans demonstrated proximity and similarity to other modern day communities derived from a European and Native American two-way admixture, identity-by-descent and Y-chromosome mapping demonstrated signatures of Sephardim in both communities. These findings are consistent with historical accounts of Jewish migration from the realms that comprise modern Spain and Portugal during the Age of Discovery. More importantly, they provide a rationale for the occurrence of mutations typically associated with the Jewish Diaspora in Latin American communities. PMID:21789512

Velez, C; Palamara, P F; Guevara-Aguirre, J; Hao, L; Karafet, T; Guevara-Aguirre, M; Pearlman, A; Oddoux, C; Hammer, M; Burns, E; Pe'er, I; Atzmon, G; Ostrer, H

2012-02-01

299

Height, trade, and inequality in the Latin American periphery, 1950-2000.  

PubMed

Which variables determine whether a country chooses an open or protected market? It has been argued that economic downturn leads to a higher propensity for protectionism. We find for seven Latin American countries in the second half of the 20th century that declining GDP motivated the opening wave, especially during the 1980s. Moreover, inequality could play a role, either in favor of "opening", as Stolper-Samuelson models would predict, or in favor of closing, as recent empirical studies found that open periods were associated with higher inequality. Using anthropometric indicators, we find that inequality in general tended to motivate "closing", whereas inequality did not stimulate opening. PMID:18187373

Baltzer, Markus; Baten, Jörg

2008-07-01

300

The medical equipment acquisition problems in Brazil and most of Latin American countries.  

PubMed

The process of acquiring medical equipments in Brazil and other Latin American countries is a continuing learning process. Several conditions in the acquisition contract have to be established by the buyer, since the consumer protection law is nonexistent or not respected by some vendors. Furthermore, few countries have laboratories for testing the performance of the equipments in general. The recommendations of this paper are based on 8 years of experience in Clinical Engineering activities in a University health complex of about 600 beds. PMID:7968859

Calil, S J

1994-01-01

301

6th CERN - Latin-American School of High-Energy Physics  

E-print Network

The CERN–Latin-American School of High-Energy Physics is intended to give young physicists an introduction to the theoretical aspects of recent advances in elementary particle physics. These proceedings contain lectures on quantum field theory, quantum chromodynamics, flavour physics and CP-violation, physics beyond the Standard Model, neutrino physics, particle cosmology, ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays and heavy-ion physics, as well as a presentation of recent results from the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and a short introduction to the principles of particle physics instrumentation.

Mulders, M; Spiropulu, M; CERN - CLAF School of High-Energy Physics 2011; CLASHEP 2011; CLASHEP2011

2013-01-01

302

Family caregiver preferences for patient decisional control among Hispanics in the United States and Latin America  

PubMed Central

Background Understanding family caregivers’ decisional role preferences is important for communication, quality of care, and patient and family satisfaction. The family caregiver has an important role in a patient’s decisional role preferences. There are limited studies on family caregivers’ preferences of the patient’s decisional control at the end of life among Hispanics. Aims To identify Hispanic caregivers’ preferences of the decision control of patients with advanced cancer and to compare the preferences of caregivers in Latin America (HLA) and Hispanic American (HUSA) caregivers. Design We surveyed patients and their family caregivers referred to outpatient palliative care clinics in the United States, Chile, Argentina, and Guatemala. Caregiver preferences of patient’s decisional control were evaluated using the Control Preference Scale. Caregivers’ and patients’ socio-demographic variables, patient performance status, and HUSA patient acculturation level was also collected. Participants A total of 387 caregivers were surveyed: 100 (26%) in Chile, 99 (26%) in Argentina, 97 (25%) in Guatemala, and 91 (24%) in the United States. The median age was 56 years, and 59% were female. Results Caregiver preference of patients decisions control was passive, shared, and active by 10 (11%), 45 (52%) and 32 (37%) HUSA caregivers and 54 (19%), 178 (62%) and 55 (19%) HLA caregivers (p=0.0023). Caregiver acculturation level did not affect the preferences of the HUSA sample (p=0.60). Conclusions Most Hispanic family caregivers preferred the patient to make shared decisions. HLA caregivers preferred more frequently patients to assume a passive decisional role. Acculturation did not influence the preferences of HUSA caregivers. PMID:23670718

Yennurajalingam, Sriram; Noguera, Antonio; Parsons, Henrique Afonseca; Torres-Vigil, Isabel; Duarte, Eva Rosina; Palma, Alejandra; Bunge, Sofia; Palmer, J. Lynn; Delgado-Guay, Marvin Omar; Bruera, Eduardo

2013-01-01

303

United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based in Santiago, Chile, The United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America was founded in 1948 to promote economic and social development throughout Latin America and to collect, study, and disseminate economic research in the region. ECLAC's Website offers a wealth of information about the commission and its work and research. The main page features the newest publications, activities, and news. Users should be aware, however, that many of the publications are available only in Spanish. The library provides three searchable databases consisting of ECLAC documentation, external publications of ECLAC authors, and ECLAC Projects publications.

304

Medical ethics in Latin America: a new interest and commitment.  

PubMed

Recent visits to five Latin American nations indicate that some medical professionals are eager to increase the role of bioethics in their countries. Conversations with key figures there point up similarities and differences among Latin nations, and between Latin countries and the United States, in their approaches to ethics. Opportunities exist for U.S. bioethicists to help get bioethics teaching and research off the ground in Latin America. PMID:11645713

Drane, James F; Fuenzalida, Hernán L

1991-12-01

305

The First Two Years of the Latin-American Journal of Astronomy Education (relea)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present and discuss in this work the motivations, goals and strategies adopted for its creation and launch of the e-journal LATIN-AMERICAN JOURNAL OF ASTRONOMY EDUCATION (RELEA). The RELEA "first light" was in August, 2004 with the appearance of No. 1 and it is now completing two years of existence. The creation of the new journal was prompted by: a) the noteworthy absence of a specific publication in the field in Latin-America; b) the lack of classroom material in Spanish/Portuguese that could be directly used without too many adaptations; and c) the need of a regional forum to discuss and suggest public policies concerning the teaching of Sciences in general and Astronomy in particular. We identify and present the difficulties encountered for the achievement of the proposed objectives and operational issues in this period, together with the adopted solutions (refereeing procedure, periodicity, etc.). Finally, we attempt to evaluate the long-run impact of such initiatives on the scientific education as a tool for effective citizenship decision making, so critical for Third-World countries. References Bretones, P.S., Jafelice, L.C. & Horvath, J.E. , 2004, Editorial of the RELEA No.1, available at (http://www.iscafaculdades.com.br/relea/). Bretones, P.S., Jafelice, L.C. & Horvath, J.E. , 2005, Editorial of the RELEA No.2, available at (http://www.iscafaculdades.com.br/relea/). Bretones, P.S., Jafelice, L.C. & Horvath, J.E., A Revista Latino-Americana de Educação em Astronomia: objetivos e estratégias. In: Encontro Brasileiro de Ensino de Astronomia, 8, 2004, São Paulo. Proceedings. (In press). [The Latin-American Journal of Astronomy Education: Objectives and Strategies. In: 8th Brazilian Meeting on Astronomy Teaching.

Bretones, P. S.; Jafelice, L. C.; Horvath, J. E.

2006-08-01

306

Human pegivirus molecular epidemiology in Argentina: Potential contribution of Latin American migration to genotype 3 circulation.  

PubMed

In order to determine the human pegivirus (HPgV) genotypic diversity in Argentina taking into account the potential contribution of human migration from neighboring countries, samples from 130 Argentine injecting drug users, 116 Argentine- and 50 immigrant-pregnant women were analyzed. HPgV RNA prevalence among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive injecting drug users was similar to HIV-positive pregnant women, as was the case when comparing HIV-negative injecting drug users and HIV-negative pregnant women (P?>?0.05). HPgV genotype 2 (HPgV/2) was prevalent among both Argentine injecting drug users and pregnant women, in contrast to HPgV/3 observed among pregnant women from Latin American countries with predominant indigenous populations and who had experienced their initial sexual intercourses--and possibly their source of infection--in those countries (P?Latin American countries with predominant indigenous populations might contribute to HPgV/3 circulation in Argentina. J. Med. Virol. 86:2076-2083, 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:24615742

Trinks, Julieta; Maestri, Miriam; Oliveto, Fabián; Del Pino, Noemí; Weissenbacher, Mercedes; Torres, Oscar Walter; Oubiña, José Raúl

2014-12-01

307

In most Latin American cities the polarization between rich and poor quarters in the urban fabric (ciudad rica and ciudad pobre) is although still visible weakening.  

E-print Network

23 In most Latin American cities the polarization between rich and poor quarters in the urban Aires a `City of islands', and the islanders are the ones who have won. Indeed, they are `los que for spatial segrega- tion. Contemporary Latin American cities abound with walls. Middle class neigh- bourhoods

Borsdorf, Axel

308

Seminar on the Acquisition of Latin American Library Materials (13th, Lawrence, Kansas, June 20-22, 1968). Final Report and Working Papers, Vol. 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Seminars on the Acquisition of Latin American Library Materials (SALALM) which started in 1956 with the meeting of a representative group of librarians and bookmen invited by the University of Florida and the Pan American Union, "to consider the problems involved in finding, buying, and controlling library materials related to Latin America,"…

Jordan, Alma; Rovira, Carmen

309

Teaching Afro-Latin American Culture through Film: "Raices de mi corazon" and Cuba's "Guerrita de los Negros"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies have shown an absence of Afro-Latin American culture at all levels of Spanish instruction. In this essay, I propose the use of film to expand the undergraduate curriculum. Film provides both a visual and cultural narrative for the understanding of Latin American history, culture, and literature, and is an invaluable resource for teaching…

Watson, Sonja

2013-01-01

310

Buruli Ulcer in United Kingdom Tourist Returning from Latin America  

PubMed Central

We report a case of Buruli ulcer in a tourist from the United Kingdom. The disease was almost certainly acquired in Brazil, where only 1 case had previously been reported. The delay in diagnosis highlights the need for physicians to be aware of the disease and its epidemiology. PMID:19891876

Stragier, Pieter; Portaels, Francoise; Gascoyne-Binzi, Deborah; Collyns, Timothy; Lucas, Sebastian; Mawer, Damian

2009-01-01

311

Social security reform in Central and Eastern Europe: variations on a Latin American theme.  

PubMed

After Chile reformed its social security system in 1981, several other Latin American countries and certain Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries implemented the Chilean model, with some variations: either a single- or multitier system, or with a period of transition to take care of those in the labor force at the time of the change. The single-tier version consists of individual accounts in pension fund management companies. Multi-tier systems retain some form of public program and add mandatory individual accounts. Most of the CEE countries did not want to incur the high transition costs associated with the Chilean model. The switch to a market economy had already strained their economies. Also, the countries' desire to adopt the European Union's Euro as their currency--a move that required a specific debt ceiling--limited the amount of additional debt they could incur. This article describes the CEE reforms and makes some comparisons with the Latin American experience. Most of the CEE countries have chosen a mixed system and have restructured the pay-as-you-go (PAYGO) tier, while the Latin American countries have both single- and multi-tier systems. Some CEE countries have set up notional defined contribution (NDC) schemes for the PAYGO tier in which each insured person has a hypothetical account made up of all contributions during his or her working life. Survivors and disability programs in CEE have remained in the public tier, but in most of the Latin American programs the insured must purchase a separate insurance policy. Issues common to both regions include: Administrative costs are high and competition is keen, which has led to consolidation and mergers among the companies and a large market share controlled by a few companies. Benefits are proportionately lower for women than for men. A large, informal sector is not covered by social security. This sector is apparently much larger in Latin America than in the CEE countries. Issues that are unique to some of the CEE countries include: Individual accounts in Hungary and Poland have proved more attractive than originally anticipated. As a result, contributions to the public PAYGO system in Hungary and Poland fell short of expectations. In several countries, laws setting up the programs were enacted without all the details of providing benefits. For example, in some countries laws must now be drawn up for establishment of annuities because they do not yet exist. Setting up a coherent pension policy has been difficult in some countries because of frequent and significant changes in government. This situation has affected the progress of reform in various stages of development. In general, a definitive assessment of individual accounts in these countries will not be possible until a cohort of retirees has spent most of its career under the new system. PMID:12822190

Kritzer, B E

312

Native Americans: An Elementary Art Unit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This elementary art unit, which exposes students to the art and culture of American Indian tribes, is divided into four sections. Each section deals with a geographical area and a tribe or tribes within that area. Background information precedes instructions for art projects related to specific tribes. The influence of the environment on culture…

Brown, Pat

313

You may be familiar with The Center for Latin American Studies University at the Pittsburgh's longstanding outreach program that send college students into K-12 classrooms to share their knowledge  

E-print Network

You may be familiar with The Center for Latin American Studies University at the Pittsburgh America. In fall 2012, The Center for Latin American Studies (CLAS) is now launching a "Virtual School to introduce a Latin American topic as an enrichment activity for a diversity of classes and ages. In the past

Machery, Edouard

314

Elemental Mercury Use in Religious and Ethnic Practices in Latin American and Caribbean Communities in New York City  

Microsoft Academic Search

Elemental mercury is used in folk medicine and in certain religious practices in the Latin American and Caribbean communities. However, exposure to mercury can cause serious health problems including neurotoxicity. There are, therefore, concerns that mercury users are exposing themselves to dangerous levels of this toxicant. A survey was conducted to determine the use pattern of elemental mercury in the

Clyde Johnson

1999-01-01

315

Gender Differences in Lower Extremity Function in Latin American EldersSeeking Explanations From a Life-Course Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The authors examined the contribution of life-course exposures to gender differences in mobility in later life. Method: Data originate from a survey of persons aged 60 and older living in six Latin American and Caribbean cities (n = 10,661). Lower extremity limitations (LEL) were defined as the presence of three or more reported difficulties with five activities: lifting and

Beatriz Eugenia Alvarado; Ricardo O. Guerra; Maria Victoria Zunzunegui

2007-01-01

316

Meaning in Life as a Mediator of Ethnic Identity and Adjustment among Adolescents from Latin, Asian, and European American Backgrounds  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Establishing a sense of life meaning is a primary facet of well-being, yet is understudied in adolescent development. Using data from 579 adolescents (53% female) from Latin American, Asian, and European backgrounds, demographic differences in meaning in life, links with psychological and academic adjustment, and the role of meaning in explaining…

Kiang, Lisa; Fuligni, Andrew J.

2010-01-01

317

Change in Ethnic Identity across the High School Years among Adolescents with Latin American, Asian, and European Backgrounds  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Changes in adolescents' ethnic identity (e.g., exploration, belonging) were examined over the 4 years of high school. Results from 541 adolescents (51% female) with Latin American, Asian, and European backgrounds suggest that, as a group, adolescents do not report developmental changes in their ethnic exploration and belonging over time. Yet,…

Kiang, Lisa; Witkow, Melissa R.; Baldelomar, Oscar A.; Fuligni, Andrew J.

2010-01-01

318

Educating "Barbaros": Educational Policies on the Latin American Frontiers between Colonies and Independent Republics (Araucania, Southern Chile/Sonora, Mexico)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article compares the methods and means employed by the state to enforce the education of (semi-)autonomous indigenous groups in southern Chile and northwestern Mexico (Sonora), border regions in the Latin American periphery, covering the transition from colonial times to the consolidation of independent republics until the middle of the…

Holck, Lasse; Saiz, Monika Contreras

2010-01-01

319

Covariates of Subjective Well-Being among Latin American Immigrants in Spain: The Role of Social Integration in the Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to test the influence that social integration in the community might have on subjective well-being (SWB) beyond the influence of sociodemographic characteristics, self-esteem, stressful life events, and social support from intimate and confidant relationships. We explore this set of relationships among Latin American

Herrero, Juan; Fuente, Asur; Gracia, Enrique

2011-01-01

320

Learning Environments with Technological Resources: A Look at Their Contribution to Student Performance in Latin American Elementary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research shows that computer access and use has a positive effect on the performance reached by Latin American schoolchildren in sixth grade. This is supported by Multilevel models of 4 and 3 levels with data from the Second Regional Comparative and Explanatory Study, developed by UNESCO (2008) in 16 countries and analyzing around 3,000 schools,…

Carrasco, Marcela Roman; Torrecilla, F. Javier Murillo

2012-01-01

321

Draft Genome Sequence of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis Clinical Isolate C2, Belonging to the Latin American-Mediterranean Family.  

PubMed

Tuberculosis remains a major infectious disease in Taiwan. Here we present the draft genome sequence of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis C2 strain, belonging to the Latin American-Mediterranean lineage. The draft genome sequence comprises 4,453,307 bp with a G+C content of 65.6%, revealing 4,390 coding genes and 45 tRNA genes. PMID:24903871

Liao, Yu-Chieh; Chen, Yih-Yuan; Lin, Hsin-Hung; Chang, Jia-Ru; Su, Ih-Jen; Huang, Tsi-Shu; Dou, Horng-Yunn

2014-01-01

322

Does natural resource abundance increase Latin American income inequality? 1 This paper explores in detail one of the main themes of our larger and ongoing inquiry into the factors affecting Latin American income inequality. The dataset used throughout this paper is available at http:\\/\\/www.personal.anderson.ucla.edu\\/?peter.schott\\/. 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Why is income inequality higher in Latin America than in East Asia? Is this phenomenon related to the region's natural resource abundance? Is it a contributor to Latin America's slow and narrowly focused human capital accumulation? If so, can anything be done to reverse the Latin American trends, or should we think of the region's fate as unalterable? To help

Edward E. Leamer; Hugo Maul; Sergio Rodriguez; Peter K. Schott

1999-01-01

323

The First Two Years of the Latin-American Journal of Astronomy Education (RELEA)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present and discuss in this work the motivations, goals and strategies adopted for its creation and launch of the e-journal LATIN-AMERICAN JOURNAL OF ASTRONOMY EDUCATION (RELEA). The RELEA "first light" was in August, 2004 with the appearance of No. 1 and it is now completing two years of existence. The creation of the new journal was prompted by: a) the noteworthy absence of a specific publication in the field in Latin-America; b) the lack of classroom material in spanish/portuguese that could be directly used without too many adaptations; and c) the need of a regional forum to discuss and suggest public policies concerning the teaching of Sciences in general and Astronomy in particular. We identify and present the difficulties encountered for the achievement of the proposed objectives and operational issues in this period, together with the adopted solutions (refereeing procedure, periodicity, etc.). Finally, we attempt to evaluate the long-run impact of such initiatives on the scientific education as a tool for effective citizenship decision making, so critical for Third-World countries.

Bretones, P. S.; Jafelice, L. C.; Horvath, J. E.

2006-08-01

324

Dyslipidemia in a cohort of HIV-infected Latin American children receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy.  

PubMed

In order to describe the prevalence of hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia in a cohort of HIV-infected children and adolescents in Latin America and to determine associations with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), we performed this cross-sectional analysis within the NICHD International Site Development Initiative pediatric cohort study. Eligible children had to be at least 2 years of age and be on HAART. Among the 477 eligible HIV-infected youth, 98 (20.5%) had hypercholesterolemia and 140 (29.4%) had hypertriglyceridemia. In multivariable analyses, children receiving protease inhibitor (PI)-containing HAART were at increased risk for hypercholesterolemia [adjusted odds ratio (AOR) =? 2.7, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.3-5.6] and hypertriglyceridemia (AOR = 3.5, 95% CI 1.9-6.4) compared with children receiving non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI)-containing HAART. In conclusion, HIV-infected youth receiving PI-containing HAART in this Latin American cohort were at increased risk for hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia compared with those receiving NNRTI-containing HAART. PMID:20889625

Brewinski, Margaret; Megazzini, Karen; Hance, Laura Freimanis; Cruz, Miguel Cashat; Pavia-Ruz, Noris; Della Negra, Marinella; Ferreira, Flavia Gomes Faleiro; Marques, Heloisa; Hazra, Rohan

2011-10-01

325

Energy profiles of selected Latin American and Caribbean countries. Report series No. 2  

SciTech Connect

Countries in this report include Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela. These ten countries are the most important oil and gas producers in the Latin American and the Caribbean region. In the following sections, the primary energy supply (oil, gas, coal, hydroelectricity, and nuclear power whenever they are applicable), primary energy consumption, downstream oil sector development, gas utilization are discussed for each of the ten countries. The report also presents our latest forecasts of petroleum product consumption in each country toward 2000, which form the basis of the outlook for regional energy production and consumption outlined in Report No 1. Since the bulk of primary energy supply and demand is hydrocarbons for many countries, brief descriptions of the important hydrocarbons policy issues are provided at the end of the each country sections.

Wu, K.

1994-07-01

326

'Boots for my Sancho': structural vulnerability among Latin American day labourers in Berkeley, California.  

PubMed

This paper addresses the structural vulnerability of Latin American undocumented day labourers in Northern California, as it is expressed in conversations on street corners where they wait for work. The intimate aspects of migrant experience become exemplified in jokes about the Sancho - a hypothetical character who has moved in on a day labourer's family and who enjoys the money he sends home. Joking turns to more serious topics of nostalgia and tensions with family far away, elements that come together with the fears and threats of labour on the corner and affect the way day labourers see themselves. Sexuality is rearticulated in the absence of women and masculinity becomes enmeshed in the contingencies of unregulated work and long-term separation from the people the men support. Together, these elements result in the articulation of threat to the immigrant body itself, which is exemplified by anxieties over homosexual propositions on the corner. PMID:22587666

Ordóñez, Juan Thomas

2012-01-01

327

Latin American Consensus on the use of transcranial Doppler in the diagnosis of brain death  

PubMed Central

Transcranial Doppler evaluates cerebral hemodynamics in patients with brain injury and is a useful technical tool in diagnosing cerebral circulatory arrest, usually present in the brain-dead patient. This Latin American Consensus was formed by a group of 26 physicians experienced in the use of transcranial Doppler in the context of brain death. The purpose of this agreement was to make recommendations regarding the indications, technique, and interpretation of the study of transcranial ultrasonography in patients with a clinical diagnosis of brain death or in the patient whose clinical diagnosis presents difficulties; a working group was formed to enable further knowledge and to strengthen ties between Latin American physicians working on the same topic. A review of the literature, concepts, and experiences were exchanged in two meetings and via the Internet. Questions about pathophysiology, equipment, techniques, findings, common problems, and the interpretation of transcranial Doppler in the context of brain death were answered. The basic consensus statements are the following: cerebral circulatory arrest is the final stage in the evolution of progressive intracranial hypertension, which is visualized with transcranial Doppler as a "pattern of cerebral circulatory arrest". The following are accepted as the standard of cerebral circulatory arrest: reverberant pattern, systolic spikes, and absence of previously demonstrated flow. Ultrasonography should be used - in acceptable hemodynamic conditions - in the anterior circulation bilaterally (middle cerebral artery) and in the posterior (basilar artery) territory. If no ultrasonographic images are found in any or all of these vessels, their proximal arteries are acceptable to be studied to look for a a pattern of cerebral circulatory arrest. PMID:25295818

2014-01-01

328

Republic of Argentina: Argentina is the envy of other Latin American countries.  

PubMed

Argentina's economic and political history may appear grim by US standards, but it is envied by many other Latin American nations, and by Latin American standards its demographic situation is enviable as well. A low population growth rate combined with abundant natural resources means that the poverty of its neighbors has not hit Argentina. Almost everyone eats well and the staple is beef -- about 240 pounds per capita per year. Final figures for the 1980 census of population and housing report a total of 27.9 million people, an increase of 17% from the 23.8 million people counted in 1970. The average annual rate of increase was 1.5% a year. With the exception of Uruguay, this is the lowest rate of increase in continental Latin America. The birthrate of 24 births/1000 population is third only to Chile and Uruguay as the lowest in continental Latin America, although the death rate is about average at 9/1000. After several decades of decline, the death rate is rising again because the population is aging. A current problem is the emigration of Argentinians to other countries, a problem that is most severe among highly trained professionals. Over 1/3 of those who leave Argentina come to the US, with Spain and Canada receiving the next highest numbers. At its current growth rate, Argentina's population will double in 46 years. It is estimated that the population was 29.1 million in 1983; it is projected to be 34.5 million by the year 2000 and 39.6 million by 2020. Over 1/3 of the population live in and around Gran Buenos Aires, the largest metropolitan area in South America and among the ten largest in the world. There is a large core of Spanish descendents still living, but some other European countries are well represented also. The 1980 census recorded 7.1 million households; the average number of persons per household was 3.9. There were 8.2 million dwellings counted in 1980, with an average of 3.3 people per dwelling. 13% of all dwellings were unoccupied at the time of the census. The literacy rate of over 90% is one of the highest in Latin America. Enrollment rates for men and women are almost identical in every age category. Young women are slightly more likely than young men to have completed higher education. In 1980 there were 10.4 million people in the labor force or about 60% of the population aged 15-64. The unemployment rate of 2.3% in 1980 was low by any country's standards, but there is a much larger percentage of workers who are classified as "temporarily laid off" rather than unemployed. Argentina ranks about 50th in per capita income in the world in contrast to its rank of 15th after World War 2. There is a sophisticated market research and advertising community in Argentina. Argentina's Instituto Nacional de Estadistica y Censos has a variety of reports available for the 1980 census and from annual statistical surveys. PMID:12313038

Spain, D

1984-05-01

329

PREFACE: XIX Latin American Symposium on Solid State Physics (SLAFES XIX)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This volume contains selected papers which have been presented at the XIX Latin American Symposium on Solid State Physics (SLAFES XIX) held at Puerto Iguazú, Argentina, from 5--10 October 2008. The conference, covering all areas of Solid State Physics, is one of the most important and traditional meetings in Physics in our region. The Latin American Symposium on Solid State Physics is a forum where researchers and students from Latin America as well as leading scientists from other parts of the world get together to exchange information, strengthen collaborations and identify new challenges in Solid State Physics. This successful series of meetings has been organised in eight different countries, the last three held in Mérida, Venezuela (2002), La Habana, Cuba (2004) and Puebla, México (2006). Following the trends of previous events, SLAFES XIX included seven plenary talks, eighteen invited talks and contributions, and 28 oral and 255 poster presentations, covering mostly the latest experimental and theoretical advances in Nanophysics, Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology, Spintronics, Magnetism, New Materials, Superconductivity, Surfaces and Interfaces, Low-Dimensional Systems, Materials Preparation and Characterization, Theory and Computing Simulations of Materials among other topics. The group of scientists participating had come from Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Brazil, France, Spain, Switzerland and the USA We are indebted to all participants for their enthusiasm and contributions and to the members of the International Advisory Commitees. We also wish to thank to the rest of the Organizing Committee: Gustavo Lozano, Ana María Llois, Laura Steren and Edith Goldberg and very specially to Javier Schmidt, Gustavo Ruano, Marcelo Romero, Lucila Cristina and Juan Carlos Moreno for their invaluable assistance during the event. Finally we gratefully aknowledge the financial support the Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Argentina, Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica (ANPCyT), Argentina, Secretaría de Estado de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación, Provincia de Santa Fe, Argentina, Centro Latinoamericano de Física (CLAF), Universidad Nacional del Litoral, Santa Fe, Argentina, Institute of Physics (IOP) Publishing, The European Physical Journal (EPJ), EDP Science, Societa Italiana di Fisica and Springer. Adriana Serquis, Carlos Balseiro and Pablo Bolcatto

Serquis, Adriana; Balseiro, Carlos; Bolcatto, Pablo

2009-07-01

330

Renal replacement therapy in Latin American end-stage renal disease  

PubMed Central

The Latin American Dialysis and Renal Transplant Registry (RLADTR) was founded in 1991; it collects data from 20 countries which are members of Sociedad Latinoamericana de Nefrología e Hipertension. This paper presents the results corresponding to the year 2010. This study is an annual survey requesting data on incident and prevalent patients undergoing renal replacement treatment (RRT) in all modalities: hemodialysis (HD), peritoneal dialysis (PD) and living with a functioning graft (LFG), etc. Prevalence and incidence were compared with previous years. The type of renal replacement therapy was analyzed, with special emphasis on PD and transplant (Tx). These variables were correlated with the gross national income (GNI) and the life expectancy at birth. Twenty countries participed in the surveys, covering 99% of the Latin American. The prevalence of end stage renal disease (ESRD) under RRT in Latin America (LA) increased from 119 patients per million population (pmp) in 1991 to 660 pmp in 2010 (HD 413 pmp, PD 135 pmp and LFG 111 pmp). HD proportionally increased more than PD, and Tx HD continues to be the treatment of choice in the region (75%). The kidney Tx rate increased from 3.7 pmp in 1987 to 6.9 pmp in 1991 and to 19.1 in 2010. The total number of Tx's in 2010 was 10 397, with 58% deceased donors. The total RRT prevalence correlated positively with GNI (r2 0.86; P < 0.05) and life expectancy at birth (r2 0.58; P < 0.05). The HD prevalence and the kidney Tx rate correlated significantly with the same indexes, whereas the PD rate showed no correlation with these variables. A tendency to rate stabilization/little growth was reported in the most regional countries. As in previous reports, the global incidence rate correlated significantly only with GNI (r2 0.63; P < 0.05). Diabetes remained the leading cause of ESRD. The most frequent causes of death were cardiovascular (45%) and infections (22%). Neoplasms accounted for 10% of the causes of death. The prevalence of RRT continues to increase, particularly in countries with 100% public health or insurance coverage for RRT, where it approaches rates comparable to those displayed by developed countries with a better GNI. The incidence also continues to increase in both countries that have not yet extended its coverage to 100% of the population as well as in those that have an adequate program for timely detection and treatment of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and its associated risk factors. PD is still an underutilized strategy for RRT in the region. Even though renal Tx is feasible, its growth rate is still not as fast as it should be in order to compensate for the increased prevalence of patients on waiting lists. Diagnostic and prevention programs for hypertension and diabetes, appropriate policies promoting the expansion of PD and organ procurement as well as transplantation as cost-effective forms of RRT are needed in the region. Regional cooperation among Latin American countries, allowing the more developed to guide and train others in starting registries and CKD programs, may be one of the key initiatives to address this deficit.

Rosa-Diez, Guillermo; Gonzalez-Bedat, Maria; Pecoits-Filho, Roberto; Marinovich, Sergio; Fernandez, Sdenka; Lugon, Jocemir; Poblete-Badal, Hugo; Elgueta-Miranda, Susana; Gomez, Rafael; Cerdas-Calderon, Manuel; Almaguer-Lopez, Miguel; Freire, Nelly; Leiva-Merino, Ricardo; Rodriguez, Gaspar; Luna-Guerra, Jorge; Bochicchio, Tomasso; Garcia-Garcia, Guillermo; Cano, Nuria; Iron, Norman; Cuero, Cesar; Cuevas, Dario; Tapia, Carlos; Cangiano, Jose; Rodriguez, Sandra; Gonzalez, Haydee; Duro-Garcia, Valter

2014-01-01

331

North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash  

E-print Network

North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash North American wood markets hit by United States housing crash 19 roundwood prices into record highs. Total removals in the UNECE region reached 1.3 billion m3, only

332

The housing, geography, and mobility of Latin American urban poor: the prevailing model and the case of Quito, Ecuador.  

PubMed

In this study of the constraints of low-income migrants in securing decent housing in Quito, Ecuador (a rapidly growing city), there is a literature review of Latin American intraurban mobility and housing, the development of a theoretical model, and a bivariate analysis. John Turner's model of the three stages in the life cycle of migrants and the three concentric zones of urbanization provides the initial framework for examining Quito migration. Quito differs from other Third World and Latin American cities in that its origins are pre-Colombian, and physical barriers surround the city. Data were obtained from housing data collected independently in 1990 and 1991 and survey data on households living in 1000 inadequate housing units in 1989. 35.5% of Quito's population live in inadequate housing (poor building materials, poor construction, deterioration, or lack of basic services). Three concentric and elongated zones are constructed based on distance from the center city and periphery and are representative of shelter types (rented rooms, shanty, house, and apartment). Shelter improves with type of ownership status. The attitudes of local officials influences the proportion of the poor living in rental or self-help housing. 36% of Quito's low-income residents live in rented rooms, and 38% live in shanties and houses. Bridgeheaders (new migrants who are usually young single males) tend to live in rented rooms for under five years and to move over time to shanties and then houses. Colonial preservation in central Quito and landlords' incentives for encouraging migrants to stay in rental housing interferes with the third phase of the model. Mixed housing throughout the city fits the third phase. Local laws prevent squatters and self-help housing. Rented rooms are primarily in the central city. Occupant income increases with shifts from rented rooms, to shanties, to houses. Shelter, geographic, and mobility patterns that do not fit the model are identified. Urban circumstance may not be linear and evolutionary as predicted, but the pattern is not diverse enough to warrant abandoning the model. The recommendation is for a flexible model for adapting a universal model to local and global conditions. PMID:12344752

Klak, T; Holtzclaw, M

1993-01-01

333

Latin American women's experiences with medical abortion in settings where abortion is legally restricted.  

PubMed

Abortion is legally restricted in most of Latin America where 95% of the 4.4 million abortions performed annually are unsafe. Medical abortion (MA) refers to the use of a drug or a combination of drugs to terminate pregnancy. Mifepristone followed by misoprostol is the most effective and recommended regime. In settings where mifepristone is not available, misoprostol alone is used.Medical abortion has radically changed abortion practices worldwide, and particularly in legally restricted contexts. In Latin America women have been using misoprostol for self-induced home abortions for over two decades.This article summarizes the findings of a literature review on women's experiences with medical abortion in Latin American countries where voluntary abortion is illegal.Women's personal experiences with medical abortion are diverse and vary according to context, age, reproductive history, social and educational level, knowledge about medical abortion, and the physical, emotional, and social circumstances linked to the pregnancy. But most importantly, experiences are determined by whether or not women have the chance to access: 1) a medically supervised abortion in a clandestine clinic or 2) complete and accurate information on medical abortion. Other key factors are access to economic resources and emotional support.Women value the safety and effectiveness of MA as well as the privacy that it allows and the possibility of having their partner, a friend or a person of their choice nearby during the process. Women perceive MA as less painful, easier, safer, more practical, less expensive, more natural and less traumatic than other abortion methods. The fact that it is self-induced and that it avoids surgery are also pointed out as advantages. Main disadvantages identified by women are that MA is painful and takes time to complete. Other negatively evaluated aspects have to do with side effects, prolonged bleeding, the possibility that it might not be effective, and the fact that some women eventually need to seek medical care at a hospital where they might be sanctioned for having an abortion and even reported to the police. PMID:23259660

Zamberlin, Nina; Romero, Mariana; Ramos, Silvina

2012-01-01

334

Latin American Marketing Project. Grade 10 Lesson. Schools of California Online Resources for Education (SCORE): Connecting California's Classrooms to the World.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this lesson, students work as marketing teams hired by a U.S. fast food company to study the feasibility of selling fast food in Latin America. Teams are composed of cultural, production, marketing, and advertising experts. Each marketing team will investigate a product and a Latin American country. Teams will present their research and…

Antilla, Madeline; DeMonet, J.

335

John Barrett and collective approaches to United States foreign policy in Latin America, 1907–20  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the United States was becoming a major power in the early years of the twentieth century, it was confronted by a dilemma in its desire to promote a democratic free-enterprise system among the republics of the Western hemisphere. Should the United States act unilaterally or collectively to pursue its goals? The rise of the Pan American Union as a

Salvatore Prisco

2003-01-01

336

Compte-rendu du livre de Luis Fernando Angosto Ferrndez et Sabine Kradolfer (coord.), Everlasting Countdowns. Race, Ethnicity and National Censuses in Latin American States. Newcastle upon Tyne, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2012. In  

E-print Network

Countdowns. Race, Ethnicity and National Censuses in Latin American States. Newcastle upon Tyne, Cambridge Kradolfer (coord.), Everlasting Countdowns. Race, Ethnicity and National Censuses in Latin American States Scholars Publishing, 2012. In Cahiers des Amériques Latines, No. 71, 2013, pp. 204-207. 1 Elisabeth Cunin

Boyer, Edmond

337

Recommendations of the Latin American Thyroid Society on diagnosis and management of differentiated thyroid cancer Recomendações da Sociedade Latino-Americana de Tireoide para diagnóstico e manejo do carcinoma diferenciado de tireoide  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aims of these recommendations were to develop clinical guidelines for evaluation and mana- gement of patients with differentiated thyroid cancer applicable to Latin American countries. The panel was composed by 13 members of the Latin American Thyroid Society (LATS) involved with research and management of thyroid cancer from different medical centers in Latin America. The recommendations were produced on

Fabián Pitoia; Laura Ward; Nelson Wohllk; Celso Friguglietti; Eduardo Tomimori; Alicia Gauna; Rosalinda Camargo; Mario Vaisman; Rubén Harach; Fernando Munizaga; Sandro Corigliano; Eduardo Pretell; Hugo Niepomniszcze

338

Regional overview of Latin American and Caribbean energy production, consumption, and future growth. Report series No. 1  

SciTech Connect

The Latin American and Caribbean region - comprising Mexico, Central and South America, and the Caribbean - is relatively well endowed with energy resources, although the distribution of these resources is uneven across countries. The region produces more energy than it consumes, and the surplus energy, which amounts to 3.6 million barrels of oil equivalent per day (boe/d), is mostly oil. While the region`s total oil (crude and products) exports decreased from 4.4 million barrels per day (b/d) in 1981 to 3.8 million b/d in 1992, its net oil exports increased from about 1.6 million b/d in 1981 to 2.8 million b/d in 1992. In 1993, the surplus oil in Latin America and the Caribbean remained at 2.8 million b/d. This report analyzes the key issues of the Latin American and Caribbean energy industry and presents the future outlook for oil, gas, coal, hydroelectricity, and nuclear power developments in the region. In addition, the status of biomass energy, geothermal, and other noncommercial energy in the region will be briefly discussed in the context of overall energy development. The rest of the report is organized as follows: Section II assesses the current situation of Latin American and Caribbean energy production and consumption, covering primary energy supply, primary energy consumption, downstream petroleum sector development, and natural gas utilization. Section III presents the results of our study of future energy growth in Latin America. Important hydrocarbons policy issues in the region are discussed in Section IV, and a summary and concluding remarks are provided in Section V.

Wu, K.

1994-07-01

339

Genome-Wide Study of the Defective Sucrose Fermenter Strain of Vibrio cholerae from the Latin American Cholera Epidemic  

PubMed Central

The 7th cholera pandemic reached Latin America in 1991, spreading from Peru to virtually all Latin American countries. During the late epidemic period, a strain that failed to ferment sucrose dominated cholera outbreaks in the Northern Brazilian Amazon region. In order to understand the genomic characteristics and the determinants of this altered sucrose fermenting phenotype, the genome of the strain IEC224 was sequenced. This paper reports a broad genomic study of this strain, showing its correlation with the major epidemic lineage. The potentially mobile genomic regions are shown to possess GC content deviation, and harbor the main V. cholera virulence genes. A novel bioinformatic approach was applied in order to identify the putative functions of hypothetical proteins, and was compared with the automatic annotation by RAST. The genome of a large bacteriophage was found to be integrated to the IEC224's alanine aminopeptidase gene. The presence of this phage is shown to be a common characteristic of the El Tor strains from the Latin American epidemic, as well as its putative ancestor from Angola. The defective sucrose fermenting phenotype is shown to be due to a single nucleotide insertion in the V. cholerae sucrose-specific transportation gene. This frame-shift mutation truncated a membrane protein, altering its structural pore-like conformation. Further, the identification of a common bacteriophage reinforces both the monophyletic and African-Origin hypotheses for the main causative agent of the 1991 Latin America cholera epidemics. PMID:22662140

Garza, Daniel Rios; Thompson, Cristiane C.; Loureiro, Edvaldo Carlos Brito; Dutilh, Bas E.; Inada, Davi Toshio; Junior, Edivaldo Costa Sousa; Cardoso, Jedson Ferreira; Nunes, Márcio Roberto T.; de Lima, Clayton Pereira Silva; Silvestre, Rodrigo Vellasco Duarte; Nunes, Keley Nascimento Barbosa; Santos, Elisabeth C. O.; Edwards, Robert A.; Vicente, Ana Carolina P.; de Sá Morais, Lena Lillian Canto

2012-01-01

340

LATIN-AMERICAN CONGRESS ON ELECTRICITY GENERATION AND TRANSMISSION -CLAGTEE 2011 1 Abstract--Las fuentes de energa renovables no-convencionales  

E-print Network

THE 9th LATIN-AMERICAN CONGRESS ON ELECTRICITY GENERATION AND TRANSMISSION - CLAGTEE 2011 1 Abstract-- Las fuentes de energía renovables no-convencionales -ERNC- desempeñarán a futuro un rol central

Dixon, Juan

341

Latin America in the rearview mirror  

E-print Network

Latin American countries are the only Western countries that are poor and that aren’t gaining ground on the United States. This paper evaluates why Latin America has not replicated Western economic success. We find that this failure is primarily due to TFP differences. Latin America’s TFP gap is not plausibly accounted for by human capital differences, but rather reflects inefficient production. We argue that competitive barriers are a promising channel for understanding low Latin TFP. We document that Latin America has many more international and domestic competitive barriers than do Western and successful East Asian countries. We also document a number of microeconomic cases in Latin America in which large reductions in competitive barriers increase productivity to Western levels.

Harold L. Cole; Lee E. Ohanian; Alvaro Riascos; James A. Schmitz; John Tilton; We Sanghoon Lee; Mauro Rodrigues For Their

342

Characterization of bovine MHC DRB3 diversity in Latin American Creole cattle breeds.  

PubMed

In cattle, bovine leukocyte antigens (BoLAs) have been extensively used as markers for diseases and immunological traits. However, none of the highly adapted Latin American Creole breeds have been characterized for BoLA gene polymorphism by high resolution typing methods. In this work, we sequenced exon 2 of the BoLA class II DRB3 gene from 179 cattle (113 Bolivian Yacumeño cattle and 66 Colombian Hartón del Valle cattle breeds) using a polymerase chain reaction sequence-based typing (PCR-SBT) method. We identified 36 previously reported alleles and three novel alleles. Thirty-five (32 reported and three new) and 24 alleles (22 reported and two new) were detected in Yacumeño and Hartón del Valle breeds, respectively. Interestingly, Latin American Creole cattle showed a high degree of gene diversity despite their small population sizes, and 10 alleles including three new alleles were found only in these two Creole breeds. We next compared the degree of genetic variability at the population and sequence levels and the genetic distance in the two breeds with those previously reported in five other breeds: Holstein, Japanese Shorthorn, Japanese Black, Jersey, and Hanwoo. Both Creole breeds presented gene diversity higher than 0.90, a nucleotide diversity higher than 0.07, and mean number of pairwise differences higher than 19, indicating that Creole cattle had similar genetic diversity at BoLA-DRB3 to the other breeds. A neutrality test showed that the high degree of genetic variability may be maintained by balancing selection. The FST index and the exact G test showed significant differences across all cattle populations (FST=0.0478; p<0.001). Results from the principal components analysis and the phylogenetic tree showed that Yacumeño and Hartón del Valle breeds were closely related to each other. Collectively, our results suggest that the high level of genetic diversity could be explained by the multiple origins of the Creole germplasm (European, African and Indicus), and this diversity might be maintained by balancing selection. PMID:23333729

Giovambattista, Guillermo; Takeshima, Shin-nosuke; Ripoli, Maria Veronica; Matsumoto, Yuki; Franco, Luz Angela Alvarez; Saito, Hideki; Onuma, Misao; Aida, Yoko

2013-04-25

343

Articles by Latin American Authors in Prestigious Journals Have Fewer Citations  

PubMed Central

Background The journal Impact factor (IF) is generally accepted to be a good measurement of the relevance/quality of articles that a journal publishes. In spite of an, apparently, homogenous peer-review process for a given journal, we hypothesize that the country affiliation of authors from developing Latin American (LA) countries affects the IF of a journal detrimentally. Methodology/Principal Findings Seven prestigious international journals, one multidisciplinary journal and six serving specific branches of science, were examined in terms of their IF in the Web of Science. Two subsets of each journal were then selected to evaluate the influence of author's affiliation on the IF. They comprised contributions (i) with authorship from four Latin American (LA) countries (Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Mexico) and (ii) with authorship from five developed countries (England, France, Germany, Japan and USA). Both subsets were further subdivided into two groups: articles with authorship from one country only and collaborative articles with authorship from other countries. Articles from the five developed countries had IF close to the overall IF of the journals and the influence of collaboration on this value was minor. In the case of LA articles the effect of collaboration (virtually all with developed countries) was significant. The IFs for non-collaborative articles averaged 66% of the overall IF of the journals whereas the articles in collaboration raised the IFs to values close to the overall IF. Conclusion/Significance The study shows a significantly lower IF in the group of the subsets of non-collaborative LA articles and thus that country affiliation of authors from non-developed LA countries does affect the IF of a journal detrimentally. There are no data to indicate whether the lower IFs of LA articles were due to their inherent inferior quality/relevance or psycho-social trend towards under-citation of articles from these countries. However, further study is required since there are foreseeable consequences of this trend as it may stimulate strategies by editors to turn down articles that tend to be under-cited. PMID:19030227

Meneghini, Rogerio; Packer, Abel L.; Nassi-Calo, Lilian

2008-01-01

344

A study of the methods used by selected Florida colleges and universities to recruit Latin American students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper was written with a focus on recruiting students from abroad. The author started the paper in a broad format by looking at all international students coming to the United States but concentrated the research question on students from Latin America that come to Florida institutions. The focus on such a small population was because of the proximity to

Roy Tariq Braine

2004-01-01

345

Change in Ethnic Identity Across the High School Years Among Adolescents with Latin American, Asian, and European Backgrounds  

Microsoft Academic Search

Changes in adolescents’ ethnic identity (e.g., exploration, belonging) were examined over the 4 years of high school. Results\\u000a from 541 adolescents (51% female) with Latin American, Asian, and European backgrounds suggest that, as a group, adolescents\\u000a do not report developmental changes in their ethnic exploration and belonging over time. Yet, within-person analyses of change\\u000a reveal that individual adolescents exhibited substantial fluctuation

Lisa Kiang; Melissa R. Witkow; Oscar A. Baldelomar; Andrew J. Fuligni

2010-01-01

346

Insulin Resistance and Glucose and Lipid Concentrations in a Cohort of Perinatally HIV-Infected Latin American Children  

PubMed Central

We measured glucose, insulin, and lipids in 249 perinatally HIV-infected Latin American children. Only one subject had impaired fasting glucose; 6.8% had insulin resistance. Abnormalities in total, LDL and HDL cholesterol, and triglycerides were reported for 13%, 13%, 21%, and 34%, respectively. Continued follow up of this populationis necessary to characterize the evolution and clinical consequences of these findings. PMID:23360832

Hazra, Rohan; Hance, Laura Freimanis; Monteiro, Jacqueline Pontes; Ruz, Noris Pavia; Machado, Daisy Maria; Saavedra, Mariza; Motta, Fabrizio; Harris, D. Robert

2013-01-01

347

SI quantities and units for American Medicine.  

PubMed

The International System of Units (SI) is an extension of the metric system and was approved by the General Conference on Weights and Measures in 1960. The SI, expanded for the health professions, has been adopted by most European countries and is being adopted by Canada. Proponents of the SI for American medicine see intrinsic merit in its coherent units and believe international communication among physicians requires its adoption. Opponents fear that conversion to the SI is little more than "tinkering" and that any changes from the present system are potentially dangerous. Adoption of some of the less controversial portions of the SI has been recommended by the AMA Council on Scientific Affairs; consideration by the House of Delegates is anticipated. PMID:6471301

Powsner, E R

1984-10-01

348

Latin America in World Geography Textbooks for the Secondary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to quantitatively analyze the Latin American content of contemporary world geography textbooks published for United States secondary schools. A preliminary review of the literature indicated that Latin America was generally omitted from world geography texts, Central America was given minimal attention, and…

Andereck, Mary E.; Dixon, Clifton V., Jr.

349

Higher Education and Economic Growth in the Latin American Higher Education and Economic Growth in the Latin American Emerging Markets Emerging Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this article is to shed light on the connection between higher education and economic development in three emerging economies in Latin America (Argentina, Brazil, and Chile). The Granger pairwise causality test was used to determine the relationship between the two variables of GDP growth and higher education enrollment. Using the 1960-1996 period, weak relationships were found between

Robert Boldin; Elsa-Sofia Morote; Matthew McMullen

350

Prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among Latin American adolescents: a multilevel analysis.  

PubMed

High blood pressure (HBP) and obesity is a well-established major risk factor for stroke and coronary heart disease. However, the literatures are scarce about these informations in adolescents from low-and-middle income countries. This school-based survey was carried out among students from Maringá (Brazil) and Buenos Aires (Argentina) selected random sampling. We studied 991 Brazilian adolescents (54.5% girls) in the age range of 14-18 years. In Argentina, we studied 933 adolescents (45.9% female) in the age range of 11-17 years. The outcomes of this study are general obesity, abdominal obesity and HBP. The associated factors analysed were gender, age and health behaviours. The prevalence of obesity was 5.8% in Brazil and 2.8% in Argentina, the prevalence of abdominal obesity was 32.7% in Brazil and 11.1% in Argentina, the prevalence of HBP was 14.9% in Brazil and 13.5% in Argentina. The multilevel analysis showed that older adolescents (>14 years old) have a little likelihood of being overweight, whereas male adolescents are more likely to be obese and have HBP. The abdominal obesity in both indicators were not associated with the independent variables. The prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors is high in Latin American adolescents independent of each country, and was associated with male gender. PMID:23945463

de Moraes, A C F; Musso, C; Graffigna, M N; Soutelo, J; Migliano, M; Carvalho, H B; Berg, G

2014-03-01

351

Reference ranges for the urinary steroid profile in a Latin-American population.  

PubMed

The urinary steroid profile has been used in clinical endocrinology for the early detection of enzyme deficiencies. In the field of doping, its evaluation in urine samples is used to diagnose the abuse of substances prohibited in sport. This profile is influenced by sex, age, exercise, diet, and ethnicity, among others; laboratories own reference ranges might compensate for ethnic differences among population and inter-laboratory biases. This paper shows the reference ranges obtained in the Antidoping Laboratory of Havana for the following steroid profile parameters: ten androgens (testosterone, epitestosterone, androsterone, etiocholanolone, 5?-androstan-3?,17?-diol, 5?-androstan-3?,17?-diol, dehydroepiandrosterone, epiandrosterone, 11?-hydroxyandrosterone and 11?-hydroxyetiocholanolone), three estrogens (estradiol, estriol and estrone), two pregnanes (pregnanediol and pregnanetriol) and two corticosteroids (cortisol and tetrahydrocortisol). The urine samples (male: n?=?2454 and female: n?=?1181) and data obtained are representative of population from Latin-American countries like Cuba, Venezuela, Mexico, Dominican Republic, Guatemala and Chile. Urine samples were prepared by solid-phase extraction followed by enzymatic hydrolysis and liquid-liquid extraction with an organic solvent in basic conditions. Trimethylsilyl derivatives were analyzed by gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry. Reference ranges were established for each sex, allowing the determination of abnormal profiles as a first diagnostic tool for the detection of the abuse of androgenic anabolic steroids. The comparison with the Caucasian population confirms that the urinary steroid profile is influenced by ethnicity. PMID:23339119

Martínez-Brito, D; Correa Vidal, M T; de la Torre, X; García-Mir, V; Ledea Lozano, O; Granda Fraga, M

2013-08-01

352

Exploration of health risks related to air pollution and temperature in three Latin American cities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We explore whether the health risks related to air pollution and temperature extremes are spatially and socioeconomically differentiated within three Latin American cities: Bogota, Colombia, Mexico City, Mexico, and Santiago, Chile. Based on a theoretical review of three relevant approaches to risk analysis (risk society, environmental justice, and urban vulnerability as impact), we hypothesize that health risks from exposure to air pollution and temperature in these cities do not necessarily depend on socio-economic inequalities. To test this hypothesis, we gathered, validated, and analyzed temperature, air pollution, mortality and socioeconomic vulnerability data from the three study cities. Our results show the association between air pollution levels and socioeconomic vulnerabilities did not always correlate within the study cities. Furthermore, the spatial differences in socioeconomic vulnerabilities within cities do not necessarily correspond with the spatial distribution of health impacts. The present study improves our understanding of the multifaceted nature of health risks and vulnerabilities associated with global environmental change. The findings suggest that health risks from atmospheric conditions and pollutants exist without boundaries or social distinctions, even exhibiting characteristics of a boomerang effect (i.e., affecting rich and poor alike) on a smaller scale such as areas within urban regions. We used human mortality, a severe impact, to measure health risks from air pollution and extreme temperatures. Public health data of better quality (e.g., morbidity, hospital visits) are needed for future research to advance our understanding of the nature of health risks related to climate hazards.

Romero-Lankao, P.; Borbor Cordova, M.; Qin, H.

2013-12-01

353

Exploration of health risks related to air pollution and temperature in three Latin American cities.  

PubMed

This paper explores whether the health risks related to air pollution and temperature extremes are spatially and socioeconomically differentiated within three Latin American cities: Bogota, Colombia, Mexico City, Mexico, and Santiago, Chile. Based on a theoretical review of three relevant approaches to risk analysis (risk society, environmental justice, and urban vulnerability as impact), we hypothesize that health risks from exposure to air pollution and temperature in these cities do not necessarily depend on socio-economic inequalities. To test this hypothesis, we gathered, validated, and analyzed temperature, air pollution, mortality and socioeconomic vulnerability data from the three study cities. Our results show the association between air pollution levels and socioeconomic vulnerabilities did not always correlate within the study cities. Furthermore, the spatial differences in socioeconomic vulnerabilities within cities do not necessarily correspond with the spatial distribution of health impacts. The present study improves our understanding of the multifaceted nature of health risks and vulnerabilities associated with global environmental change. The findings suggest that health risks from atmospheric conditions and pollutants exist without boundaries or social distinctions, even exhibiting characteristics of a boomerang effect (i.e., affecting rich and poor alike) on a smaller scale such as areas within urban regions. We used human mortality, a severe impact, to measure health risks from air pollution and extreme temperatures. Public health data of better quality (e.g., morbidity, hospital visits) are needed for future research to advance our understanding of the nature of health risks related to climate hazards. PMID:23434119

Romero-Lankao, Patricia; Qin, Hua; Borbor-Cordova, Mercy

2013-04-01

354

Daily Family Assistance and Inflammation among Adolescents from Latin American and European Backgrounds  

PubMed Central

To assess the biological impact of time spent helping the family during the teenage years, we examined circulating levels of interleukin 6 (IL-6), soluble interleukin 6 receptor (sIL-6r), and C-reactive protein (CRP) in 64 adolescents (Mage=17.79 years) from Latin American and European backgrounds. Analyses of nightly diary checklists over 14 days showed that the amount of time spent helping the family in a variety of ways, such as cooking, cleaning, and sibling care, was associated with long-term elevations of sIL-6r and CRP, even after controlling for ethnicity, parental education, BMI, substance use, distress, and frequency of daily family assistance two years earlier. However, adolescents who derived a greater sense of role fulfillment from helping the family on a daily basis had lower levels of sIL-6r and CRP as compared to their peers who engaged in the same amount of family assistance. Additional work should explore the family context that drives high levels of assistance among adolescents, as well as the variety of ways adolescents may derive meaning from this activity. PMID:19275931

Fuligni, Andrew J.; Telzer, Eva H.; Bower, Julienne; Irwin, Michael R.; Kiang, Lisa; Cole, Steve W.

2009-01-01

355

Adult education as a human right: The Latin American context and the ecopedagogic perspective  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article presents the concept and practice of adult education as a key issue for Brazil and other Latin American countries, both for formal and non-formal education in the public and private sectors. It includes citizen education focused on democratisation of society and sustainable development. The concept is pluralist and ideological as well as technical. All along the history of contemporary education it is essential to highlight the importance of the CONFINTEA conferences for the construction of an expanded vision of this concept. Adult education is understood as a human right. The right to education does not end when a person has reached the so-called "proper" age; it continues to be a right for the duration of everyone's entire life. This article explores Paulo Freire's contribution, particularly the methodology of MOVA (Youth and Adult Literacy Movement). It also presents the ecopedagogic perspective, which was inspired by Paulo Freire's legacy. Finally, this article stresses the need to support a long-term policy for adult education, following the recommendations of the Civil Society International Forum (FISC) and CONFINTEA VI, both held in Belém, Brazil, in 2009.

Gadotti, Moacir

2011-08-01

356

The association of vacA genotype and Helicobacter pylori-related disease in Latin American and African populations  

PubMed Central

In the populations of Western countries, particular genotypes of the vacuolating cytotoxin gene, vacA (vacA s, signal region variants; vacA m, middle region variants) of Helicobacter pylori are believed to be risk factors for the development of peptic ulcers and gastric cancer. However, it was unclear whether these vacA gene variants are associated with the development of gastrointestinal diseases in developing nations. The relationship between vacA genotypes and H. pylori-related disease development in Latin American and African populations was investigated using meta-analysis of 2612 patients from Latin America (2285 strains) and 520 patients from Africa (434 strains). The frequencies of vacA s and m genotypes differed between strains from Latin America (77.2% for s1 and 68.1% for m1) and Africa (83.9% for s1 and 56.7% for m1). Latin American strains with s1 and m1 genotypes increased the risk of gastric cancer (OR 4.17, 95% CI 2.49–6.98 for s1, and 3.59, 2.27–5.68 for m1) and peptic ulcers (e.g. 1.73, 1.37–2.20 for s1). African strains with the s1 or m1 genotypes also increased the risk of peptic ulcers (8.69, 1.16–64.75 for s1) and gastric cancer (10.18, 2.36–43.84 for m1). The cagA-positive genotype frequently coincided with s1 and m1 genotypes in both populations. Overall, the vacA s and m genotypes were related to gastric cancer and peptic ulcer development and might be useful markers of risk factors for gastrointestinal disease, especially in Latin America. Further studies will be required to evaluate the effects of vacA genotypes in African populations because of the small sample number currently available. PMID:19392900

Sugimoto, M.; Yamaoka, Y.

2011-01-01

357

The Planning of Latin American Universities: In Search of Its Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College planning in Latin America is discussed, with attention to underdevelopment, political instability, and the economic crisis of the 1980s. Alternative planning approaches used in U.S. higher education institutions are considered. Latin America refers to 18 Spanish-speaking republics of the Western Hemisphere, along with Brazil and Haiti. The…

Escala, Miguel J.

358

Report from the Latin American Spondyloarthritis Society for Education and Research in Immunology and Medicine organization 2012 workshop.  

PubMed

The first annual meeting of the Latin American Spondyloarthritis Society for Education and Research in Immunology and Medicine (LASSERIM) was held in Bogotá, Colombia, in September 2012 and was attended by key opinion leaders, researchers, and rheumatologists. The meeting included presentations and discussions from renowned speakers during 2 days and a coaching leadership exercise led by an expert in the field followed by an open forum. Two groups defined a priori discussed the establishment of a professional network and organization to be involved in the identification, assessment, and effective resolution of health care issues in Latin America.A broad spectrum of topics were discussed but focused on the following: pharmacoeconomics in general rheumatology, spondyloarthritis and chronic back pain, therapeutic interventions in rheumatoid arthritis, ultrasonography in spondyloarthritis, impact of social media in medicine and global trends in leadership, quality of life, and innovation. A special workshop on coaching in health care and coaching as a tool to implement LASSERIM goals was part of the 2-day conference.LASSERIM will be working in the future on education, research, and innovation in the field of rheumatology and immunology. A special focus will be on spondyloarthritis, by promoting research, open discussions, and by conducting carefully planned research studies to impact on the quality of life of patients and doctors from Latin American countries. PMID:23965483

Bautista-Molano, Wilson; Toloza, Sergio; Gutiérrez, Marwin; Uribe, Carlos Vinicio Caballero; Pineda, Carlos; Londoño, John; Santos, Pedro; Jaimes, Diego; Diaz, Mario; Chalem, Phillipe; Villota, Orlando; Sierra, Rita; Puche, William; Salas, José; Yara, José; Hamilton, Gordon; Pardo, Carlos; Mercado, Beatriz; Valle-Oñate, Rafael

2013-09-01

359

This program is sponsored by the Office of International Education & Exchange, AVP international Programs, Phi Beta Delta Honor Society for International Scholars, Latin American Studies Student Association, International Student Association,  

E-print Network

Programs, Phi Beta Delta Honor Society for International Scholars, Latin American Studies Student- come! Sponsored by Latin American Studies Student Association, in cooperation with the International -- it's one of the best ways to become a true American ambassador and contribute to global community

de Lijser, Peter

360

Male systemic lupus erythematosus in a Latin-American inception cohort of 1214 patients.  

PubMed

The objective of the study was to evaluate the influence of the male gender in the clinical presentation and outcome of systemic lupus erythematosus in a prospective inception cohort of Latin-American patients. Of the 1214 SLE patients included in the GLADEL cohort, 123 were male. Demographic characteristics as well as clinical manifestations, laboratory profile, activity and damage scores were evaluated at onset and during the course of the disease and compared with female patients. The median age at onset of the male patients was 27 and that at diagnosis 29.2 years. Delay to diagnosis was shorter in males (134 versus 185 days, P = 0.01). At onset, men more frequently showed fever (42.3 versus 27.0%, P = 0.001) and weight loss (23.6 versus 11.8%, P = 0.001). During disease course the incident of symptoms was: fever, 67.8 versus 55.6%, P = 0.012; weight loss, 47.2 versus 24.3%, P = 0.001; arterial hypertension, 37.4 versus 25.8%, P = 0.007; renal disease (persistent proteinuria and/or cellular casts), 58.5 versus 44.6%, P = 0.004); and hemolytic anemia, 19.5 versus 10.9%, P = 0.008. The laboratory results showed that: men more frequently had IgG anticardiolipin antibodies (68.2 versus 49%, P = 0.02) and low C3 (61.3 versus 48.1%, P = 0.03); 5/123 men died (4%) compared with 29/1091 women (2.7%). In conclusion, 10% of GLADEL's cohort patients were male. They showed a distinctive profile with shorter delay to diagnosis, higher incidence of fever, weight loss, arterial hypertension, renal disease, hemolytic anemia, IgG anticardiolipin antibodies and low C3. Although not statistically significant, mortality was higher in men. PMID:16425573

Garcia, M A; Marcos, J C; Marcos, A I; Pons-Estel, B A; Wojdyla, D; Arturi, A; Babini, J C; Catoggio, L J; Alarcon-Segovia, D

2005-01-01

361

Latin American benthic shellfisheries: emphasis on co-management and experimental practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Latin America the small-scale fishery ofmarine benthic invertebrates is based onhigh-value species. It represents a source offood and employment and generates importantincomes to fishers and, in some cases, exportearnings for the countries. In the review, wedefine 2 key concepts: small-scale fishery andco-management. We address the temporalextractive phases which Latin Americanshellfish resources have experienced, and thecorresponding socio-economic and managerialscenarios. We

Juan Carlos Castilla; Omar Defeo

2001-01-01

362

Meaning in life as a mediator of ethnic identity and adjustment among adolescents from Latin, Asian, and European American backgrounds.  

PubMed

Establishing a sense of life meaning is a primary facet of well-being, yet is understudied in adolescent development. Using data from 579 adolescents (53% female) from Latin American, Asian, and European backgrounds, demographic differences in meaning in life, links with psychological and academic adjustment, and the role of meaning in explaining associations between ethnic identity and adjustment were examined. Although no generational or gender differences were found, Asian Americans reported higher search for meaning than Latin and European Americans. Presence of meaning was positively associated with self-esteem, academic adjustment, daily well-being, and ethnic belonging and exploration, whereas search for meaning was related to lower self-esteem and less stability in daily well-being. Presence of meaning mediated associations between ethnic identity and adjustment, explaining 28-52% of ethnic identity's protective effect on development. Ethnic identity thus appears to affect adjustment, in part, through its role in fostering a positive sense of meaning in adolescents' lives. PMID:19915965

Kiang, Lisa; Fuligni, Andrew J

2010-11-01

363

A study of the composition, yield, texture, and sensory characteristics of Mexican and Latin American white cheese varieties  

E-print Network

with 1. 05 fat, lactic acid bacteria culture, and rennet. ibis cheese had an open texture, was dry, and crumbly. Latin American white cheese (LAWC) was manufactured by direct acidification of 3. 05 fat milk using 105 acetic acid. This cheese had a... oF the milk used to manufacture each cheese variety Composition of the whey from each cheese variety Composition of cheese varieties on a wet weight basis Composition oF LAIC as reported by several investigators Composition of cheese varieties on a dry...

Moore, Patricia Logan

2012-06-07

364

Perceived barriers in accessing food among recent Latin American immigrants in Toronto  

PubMed Central

Objective In Canada, recent immigrant households experience more food insecurity than the general population, but limited information is available about the personal, cultural, and social factors that contribute to this vulnerability. This study focused on recent Latin American (LA) immigrants to explore their perceived barriers in acquiring safe, nutritious, and culturally-appropriate food. Design A cross-sectional mixed-method design was applied to collect information from a convenience sample of 70 adult Spanish/Portuguese speakers who had arrived in Toronto within the last five years. Face-to-face interviews were conducted with primary household caregivers to obtain responses about barriers to acquiring food for their households; data were analyzed using a thematic analysis technique. Results Four main categories of barriers were identified: limited financial resources; language difficulty; cultural food preferences; and poor knowledge of available community-based food resources and services. Inadequate income was the main impediment in accessing adequate food, and was related to affordability of food items, accessibility of food outlets and transportation cost, and limited time for grocery shopping due to work conditions. Language barriers affected participants’ ability to obtain well-paid employment and their awareness about and access to available community-based food resources. Cultural barriers were related to food preferences and limited access to culturally-appropriate foods and resources. Conclusion The main barrier to food security among our sample of LA newcomers to Toronto is limited financial resources, highlighting the need for policies and strategies that could improve their financial power to purchase sufficient, nutritious, and culturally-acceptable food. Linguistic barriers and limited information among newcomers suggest the need to provide linguistically- and culturally-appropriate information related to community-based food programs and resources, as well as accessible subsidized English language programs, in the community and at workplaces. Participatory community-based food programs can augment, in a socially acceptable manner, food resources and reduce the social stigma attached to food charity. Finally, it is crucial to monitor and evaluate existing social and community-based services for their accessibility, cultural appropriateness and diversity, and effectiveness. PMID:23286318

2013-01-01

365

Toxocara Seropositivity, Atopy and Wheezing in Children Living in Poor Neighbourhoods in Urban Latin American  

PubMed Central

Background Toxocara canis and T. cati are parasites of dogs and cats, respectively, that infect humans and cause human toxocariasis. Infection may cause asthma-like symptoms but is often asymptomatic and is associated with a marked eosinophilia. Previous epidemiological studies indicate that T. canis infection may be associated with the development of atopy and asthma. Objectives To investigate possible associations between Toxocara spp. seropositivity and atopy and childhood wheezing in a population of children living in non-affluent areas of a large Latin American city. Methods The study was conducted in the city of Salvador, Brazil. Data on wheezing symptoms were collected by questionnaire, and atopy was measured by the presence of aeroallergen-specific IgE (sIgE). Skin prick test (SPT), total IgE and peripheral eosinophilia were measured. Toxocara seropositivity was determined by the presence of anti-Toxocara IgG antibodies, and intestinal helminth infections were determined by stool microscopy. Findings Children aged 4 to 11 years were studied, of whom 47% were seropositive for anti-Toxocara IgG; eosinophilia >4% occurred in 74.2% and >10% in 25.4%; 59.6% had elevated levels of total IgE; 36.8% had sIgE?0.70 kU/L and 30.4% had SPT for at least one aeroallergen; 22.4% had current wheezing symptoms. Anti-Toxocara IgG was positively associated with elevated eosinophils counts, total IgE and the presence of specific IgE to aeroallergens but was inversely associated with skin prick test reactivity. Conclusion The prevalence of Toxocara seropositivity was high in the studied population of children living in conditions of poverty in urban Brazil. Toxocara infection, although associated with total IgE, sIgE and eosinophilia, may prevent the development of skin hypersensitivity to aeroallergens, possibly through increased polyclonal IgE and the induction of a modified Th2 immune reaction. PMID:23133689

Mendonca, Livia Ribeiro; Veiga, Rafael Valente; Dattoli, Vitor Camilo Cavalcante; Figueiredo, Camila Alexandrina; Fiaccone, Rosemeire; Santos, Jackson; Cruz, Alvaro Augusto; Rodrigues, Laura Cunha; Cooper, Philip John; Pontes-de-Carvalho, Lain Carlos; Barreto, Mauricio Lima; Alcantara-Neves, Neuza Maria

2012-01-01

366

Role of gene polymorphisms in gastric cancer and its precursor lesions: current knowledge and perspectives in Latin American countries.  

PubMed

Latin America shows one of the highest incidence rates of gastric cancer in the world, with variations in mortality rates among nations or even within countries belonging to this region. Gastric cancer is the result of a multifactorial complex process, for which a multistep model of carcinogenesis is currently accepted. Additionally to the infection with Helicobacter pylori, that plays a major role, environmental factors as well as genetic susceptibility factors are significant players at different stages in the gastric cancer process. The differences in population origin, demographic structure, socio-economic development, and the impact of globalization lifestyles experienced in Latin America in the last decades, all together offer opportunities for studying in this context the influence of genetic polymorphisms in the susceptibility to gastric cancer. The aim of this article is to discuss current trends on gastric cancer in Latin American countries and to review the available published information about studies of association of gene polymorphisms involved in gastric cancer susceptibility from this region of the world. A total of 40 genes or genomic regions and 69 genetic variants, 58% representing markers involved in inflammatory response, have been used in a number of studies in which predominates a low number of individuals (cases and controls) included. Polymorphisms of IL-1B (-511 C/T, 14 studies; -31 T/C, 10 studies) and IL-1RN (variable number of tandem repeats, 17 studies) are the most represented ones in the reviewed studies. Other genetic variants recently evaluated in large meta-analyses and associated with gastric cancer risk were also analyzed in a few studies [e.g., prostate stem cell antigen (PSCA), CDH1, Survivin]. Further and better analysis centered in gene polymorphisms linked to other covariates, epidemiological studies and the information provided by meta-analyses and genome-wide association studies should help to improve our understanding of gastric cancer etiology in order to develop appropriate health programs in Latin America. PMID:24782603

Chiurillo, Miguel Angel

2014-04-28

367

Role of gene polymorphisms in gastric cancer and its precursor lesions: Current knowledge and perspectives in Latin American countries  

PubMed Central

Latin America shows one of the highest incidence rates of gastric cancer in the world, with variations in mortality rates among nations or even within countries belonging to this region. Gastric cancer is the result of a multifactorial complex process, for which a multistep model of carcinogenesis is currently accepted. Additionally to the infection with Helicobacter pylori, that plays a major role, environmental factors as well as genetic susceptibility factors are significant players at different stages in the gastric cancer process. The differences in population origin, demographic structure, socio-economic development, and the impact of globalization lifestyles experienced in Latin America in the last decades, all together offer opportunities for studying in this context the influence of genetic polymorphisms in the susceptibility to gastric cancer. The aim of this article is to discuss current trends on gastric cancer in Latin American countries and to review the available published information about studies of association of gene polymorphisms involved in gastric cancer susceptibility from this region of the world. A total of 40 genes or genomic regions and 69 genetic variants, 58% representing markers involved in inflammatory response, have been used in a number of studies in which predominates a low number of individuals (cases and controls) included. Polymorphisms of IL-1B (-511 C/T, 14 studies; -31 T/C, 10 studies) and IL-1RN (variable number of tandem repeats, 17 studies) are the most represented ones in the reviewed studies. Other genetic variants recently evaluated in large meta-analyses and associated with gastric cancer risk were also analyzed in a few studies [e.g., prostate stem cell antigen (PSCA), CDH1, Survivin]. Further and better analysis centered in gene polymorphisms linked to other covariates, epidemiological studies and the information provided by meta-analyses and genome-wide association studies should help to improve our understanding of gastric cancer etiology in order to develop appropriate health programs in Latin America. PMID:24782603

Chiurillo, Miguel Angel

2014-01-01

368

Digestive, hepatic, and nutritional manifestations in Latin American children with HIV/AIDS.  

PubMed

The HIV/AIDS infection is increasing in Latin America and the Caribbean regions, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). In Latin America, most cases are in Brasil, Mexico, and Colombia. Some causes of the HIV/AIDS infection in Latin America are poverty, limitations on the access to antiretroviral drugs, poor response from governmental and health authorities, migration, and scantiness of research resources. In the pediatric population, perinatal transmission is the main contact mechanism. Several digestive, hepatic, and nutritional manifestations allow the classification of HIV infection in children, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Improvement in knowledge of the epidemiology, pathogenesis, physiopathology; and management of HIV enteropathy and on nutritional care practices of infected HIV children is recommended. PMID:18667913

Velasco-Benítez, Carlos Alberto

2008-08-01

369

Lead exposure in Latin America and the Caribbean. Lead Research Group of the Pan-American Health Organization.  

PubMed Central

As a result of the rapid industrialization of Latin America and the Caribbean during the second half of this century, exposure to lead has become an increasingly important problem. To obtain an estimate of the magnitude of lead exposure in the region, we carried out a survey and a literature search on potential sources of lead exposure and on blood lead concentrations. Sixteen out of 18 Latin American and 2 out of 10 Caribbean countries responded to the survey. Lead in gasoline remains a major problem, although the lead content has decreased in many countries in the last few years. The impact of leaded fuel is more important in urban settings, given their high vehicular density. Seventy-five percent of the population of the region lives in urban areas, and children younger than 15 years of age, the most susceptible group, comprise 30% of the population. Other sources of lead exposure identified in the region included industrial emissions, battery recycling, paint and varnishes, and contaminated food and water. Lead is recognized as a priority problem by national authorities in 72% of the countries that responded to the survey, and in 50% of the countries some legislation exists to regulate the lead content in certain products. However, compliance is low. There is an urgent need for a broad-based coalition between policy makers, industry, workers, unions, health care providers, and the community to take actions to reduce environmental and occupational lead exposures in all the Latin American and Caribbean countries. Images Figure 1. Figure 2. PMID:9189704

Romieu, I; Lacasana, M; McConnell, R

1997-01-01

370

Chagas Disease among the Latin American Adult Population Attending in a Primary Care Center in Barcelona, Spain  

PubMed Central

Background/Aims The epidemiology of Chagas disease, until recently confined to areas of continental Latin America, has undergone considerable changes in recent decades due to migration to other parts of the world, including Spain. We studied the prevalence of Chagas disease in Latin American patients treated at a health center in Barcelona and evaluated its clinical phase. We make some recommendations for screening for the disease. Methodology/Principal Findings We performed an observational, cross-sectional prevalence study by means of an immunochromatographic test screening of all continental Latin American patients over the age of 14 years visiting the health centre from October 2007 to October 2009. The diagnosis was confirmed by serological methods: conventional in-house ELISA (cELISA), a commercial kit (rELISA) and ELISA using T cruzi lysate (Ortho-Clinical Diagnostics) (oELISA). Of 766 patients studied, 22 were diagnosed with T. cruzi infection, showing a prevalence of 2.87% (95% CI, 1.6–4.12%). Of the infected patients, 45.45% men and 54.55% women, 21 were from Bolivia, showing a prevalence in the Bolivian subgroup (n?=?127) of 16.53% (95% CI, 9.6–23.39%). All the infected patients were in a chronic phase of Chagas disease: 81% with the indeterminate form, 9.5% with the cardiac form and 9.5% with the cardiodigestive form. All patients infected with T. cruzi had heard of Chagas disease in their country of origin, 82% knew someone affected, and 77% had a significant history of living in adobe houses in rural areas. Conclusions We found a high prevalence of T. cruzi infection in immigrants from Bolivia. Detection of T. cruzi–infected persons by screening programs in non-endemic countries would control non-vectorial transmission and would benefit the persons affected, public health and national health systems. PMID:21572511

Roca, Carme; Pinazo, Maria Jesus; Lopez-Chejade, Paolo; Bayo, Joan; Posada, Elizabeth; Lopez-Solana, Jordi; Gallego, Montserrat; Portus, Montserrat; Gascon, Joaquim

2011-01-01

371

Risk perception and vulnerability to STIs and HIV/AIDS among immigrant Latin-American women in Canada.  

PubMed

This paper describes the migratory experiences of Latin American migrant women living in Canada, their perceptions of the risk of HIV, AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and barriers to accessing healthcare services. We conducted 25 in-depth interviews with Latin American migrant women living in Montreal, Canada. The majority of participants were permanent residents and refugee status claimants. Women's experiences in Canada were characterised by uncertainty, deception and fraud, separation from their families and feelings of discrimination. Women's risk perception of HIV/AIDS/STIs involved relations of gender inequalities of power. Women who did not perceive themselves to be at risk were those who had a stable partner who they felt they could trust. The majority of women reported difficulties in accessing sexual and reproductive health services. Women's vulnerability to HIV/AIDS/STIs was determined by: experiences during their lifecourse; their migratory status, which was associated with sexual abuse, abuse at work, language barriers and lack of social support networks; and their ability to access health services. The provision of health services to this population must focus on sexual and reproductive health needs and should do so from a multicultural perspective that takes into account the changes associated with the migration process. PMID:24697557

Ochoa, Sandra Catalina; Sampalis, John

2014-01-01

372

Educational Inequalities among Latin American Adolescents: Continuities and Changes over the 1980s, 1990s and 2000s  

PubMed Central

The goal of this paper is to examine recent trends in educational stratification for Latin American adolescents growing up in three distinct periods: the 1980s, during severe recession; the 1990s, a period of structural adjustments imposed by international organizations; and the late 2000s, when most countries in the region experienced positive and stable growth. In addition to school enrollment and educational transitions, we examine the quality of education through enrollment in private schools, an important aspect of inequality in education that most studies have neglected. We use nationally representative household survey data for the 1980s, 1990s and 2000s in Brazil, Chile, Mexico and Uruguay. Our overall findings confirm the importance of macroeconomic conditions for inequalities in educational opportunity, suggesting important benefits brought up by the favorable conditions of the 2000s. However, our findings also call attention to increasing disadvantages associated with the quality of the education adolescents receive, suggesting the significance of the EMI framework—Effectively Maintained Inequality—and highlighting the value of examining the quality in addition to the quantity of education in order to fully understand educational stratification in the Latin American context. PMID:22962512

Marteleto, Leticia; Gelber, Denisse; Hubert, Celia; Salinas, Viviana

2012-01-01

373

International Conference on Mathematics and Computational Methods Applied to Nuclear Science and Engineering (M&C 2011) Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil, May 8-12, 2011, on CD-ROM, Latin American Section (LAS) / American Nuclear Society (ANS)  

E-print Network

and Engineering (M&C 2011) Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil, May 8-12, 2011, on CD-ROM, Latin American Section (LAS) / American Nuclear Society (ANS) ISBN 978-85-63688-00-2 APPLICATION OF NOVEL GLOBAL VARIANCE REDUCTION

374

?AL Proyecto Azimut-La Industria Aeron??utica en el ??mbito de la Comunidad Econ??mica de Am??rica Latina ?AL Azimuth Project-Aeronautical Industry for the Latin-American Conmmon Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to promote the establishment of standards and basic requirements to direct development of preliminary orientational studies for the organic and financial structure, in the incipient period, of a Latin-American Aeronautical Industry, which is urgently needed to be incorporated into the integration plans of the Latin-American Common Market. Immediate action is recommended in view of

Xavier Olivo-Amoros

1968-01-01

375

Migrant masculinities: The experiences of Latin-American migrant men in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our research project on Migrant Masculinities involves a comparative inquiry into the gendered subjectivities of men who have migrated to Australia from four culturally-diverse regions of the world: East Africa; the Middle East; Southern Asia and Latin America. The project investigates the impact of migration on the (re)construction of male gender identity by examining the impact of contemporary Australian society

Bob Pease; Paul Crossley

2005-01-01

376

Genealogical Information and the Structure of Rural Latin-American Populations: Reality and Fantasy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Genetic data organized in the form of genealogies can provide much information regarding the history and genetic structure of human populations. A large proportion of the population of Latin America is organized in small rural semi-isolated communities, with little immigration, and until the last 50–100 years, little emigration. These communities have a strong sense of their genealogical history, and this

Eduardo E. Castilla; Julian Adams

1996-01-01

377

New alternative for human identification. Investigator IDplex Kit – QIAGEN ® reproducibility: Latin American interlaboratory study  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2010 QIAGEN® launched to eight kits of different combinations of STRs, including the Investigator IDplex Kit. This kit allows amplification in one PCR 16 markers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the reproducibility of Investigator IDplex Kit among Latin America laboratories. In the framework of the ‘III International Theoretical–Practice Course in Populations Genetic and Biologicals Filiations’ in

J. J. Builes; D. Trejos; D. Suárez; S. Moreno; L. Siza; M. Acevedo; A. Castillo; L. Beltrán; A. Ibarra; R. M. B. Cicarelli; A. Gaviria; L. Zuluaga

378

Chinese Investment in Latin American Resources: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly  

Microsoft Academic Search

China's need for vast amounts of minerals to sustain its high economic growth rate has led Chinese investors to acquire stakes in natural resource companies, extend loans to mining and petroleum investors, and write long-term procurement contracts for oil and minerals in Africa, Latin America, Australia, Canada, and other resource-rich regions. These efforts to procure raw materials might be exacerbating

Barbara Kotschwar; Theodore H. Moran; Julia Muir

2012-01-01

379

The space transportation system and its impact on Latin American development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The three components of the Space Transportation System: the space shuttle, the permanent orbital space station and the transorbital vehicle are described. The stages of completion of the various plans are discussed and the impact of the project's implementation is discussed with particular reference to Latin America and with special emphasis on the telecommunications sector.

Diaz, F. R. C.

1985-01-01

380

Do foreign banks increase competition? Evidence from emerging Asian and Latin American banking markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we examine the impact of foreign bank penetration on the competitive structure of domestic banking sectors in host emerging economies. We focus our analysis on Asia and Latin America during the period 1997–2008. Using bank-level panel data to identify foreign banks and to estimate measures of banking competition, we are able to provide robust empirical evidence that

Bang Nam Jeon; María Pía Olivero; Ji Wu

2011-01-01

381

Latin American Universities, Academic Freedom and Autonomy: A Long-Term Myth?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores issues of academic freedom and autonomy in various systems of higher education in Latin America, with emphasis on the Brazilian case. Analyzes the issues of financial and administrative autonomy and tensions between the universities and the state during three historical periods: 1920s-50s, 1960s-70s, and 1980s-90s. (Contains 28…

de Figueiredo-Cowen, Maria

2002-01-01

382

Latin American Class Structures: Their Composition and Change during the Neoliberal Era  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article proposes a framework for the analysis of social classes in Latin America and presents evidence on the composition of the class structure in the region and its evolution during the last two decades, corresponding to the years of implementation of a new economic model in most countries. The paper is an update of an earlier article on the

Alejandro Portes; Kelly Hoffman

2003-01-01

383

Comparative development of the European manorial system and the Latin American hacienda system  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper it is argued that basically the same agrarian structure once predominated in both Europe and Latin America: the manorial or hacienda system. Two types of manorial or hacienda system are distinguished, the Grund? and Gutsherrschaft, and their implications are analysed for the complex of conflicting relationships between landlords and peasants. An attempt is made to single out

Cristobal Kay

1974-01-01

384

Openness and Wage Inequality in Developing Countries: The Latin American Challenge to East Asian Conventional Wisdom  

Microsoft Academic Search

The experience of East Asia in the 1960s and 1970s supports the theory that greater openness to trade tends to narrow the wage gap between skilled and unskilled workers in developing countries. In Latin America since the mid-1980s, however, increased openness has widened wage differentials. This conflict of evidence is probably not the result of differences between East Asia and

Adrian Wood

1997-01-01

385

Representing reciprocity, reproducing domination: Ideology and the labour process in Latin American contract farming  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines conflicting representations of contract farming in Latin America. Contract farming addresses many of the contradictions of wage labour in agriculture, but generates its own. For the company these contradictions include indirect control of the labour process and the problem of uncertain supply; for the farmer they include disguised proletarianization and self?exploitation. The indirect nature of control makes

Roger A. J. Clapp

1988-01-01

386

Ambient air levels of volatile organic compounds in Latin American and Asian cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Levels of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) have been measured during short monitoring campaigns in four cities in Latin America; Caracas (Venezuela), Quito (Ecuador), Santiago (Chile), São Paulo (Brazil), and two cities in Asia; Bangkok (Thailand) and Manila (Philippines). The aim of the study was to identify typical levels of VOCs in these cities where monitoring of this unregulated but important

Ivan L. Gee; Christopher J. Sollars

1998-01-01

387

Supportive adult relationships and the academic engagement of Latin American immigrant youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

The central aim of this study was to explore the academic engagement trajectories of a sample of recently arrived immigrant students from Latin America. Using an analytic framework that can dynamically model time-sensitive fluctuations (HLM; [Raudenbush, S. W., & Bryk, A. S. (2002). Hierarchicical Linear Models: Applications and Data Analysis Methods (2nd Edition ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications]), we

Gillian Green; Jean Rhodes; Abigail Heitler Hirsch; Carola Suárez-Orozco; Paul M. Camic

2008-01-01

388

Closing the Gap in Education and Technology. World Bank Latin American and Caribbean Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document examines the gap between the Latin America and Caribbean region and the world's developed nations in the areas of education and technology. It also examines policies and strategies to close the gap. The following are among the specific topics discussed: (1) skills upgrading and innovation policies (the major actors; the role of…

de Ferranti, David; Perry, Guillermo E.; Gill, Indermit; Guasch, J. Luis; Maloney, William F.; Sanchez-Paramo, Carolina; Schady, Norbert

389

Physical activity promotion in Latin American populations: a systematic review on issues of internal and external validity  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this review was to determine the degree to which physical activity interventions for Latin American populations reported on internal and external validity factors using the RE-AIM framework (reach & representativeness, effectiveness, adoption, implementation, maintenance). We systematically identified English (PubMed; EbscoHost) and Spanish (SCIELO; Biblioteca Virtual en Salud) language studies published between 2001 and 2012 that tested physical activity, exercise, or fitness promotion interventions in Latin American populations. Cross-sectional/descriptive studies, conducted in Brazil or Spain, published in Portuguese, not including a physical activity/fitness/exercise outcome, and with one time point assessment were excluded. We reviewed 192 abstracts and identified 46 studies that met the eligibility criteria (34 in English, 12 in Spanish). A validated 21-item RE-AIM abstraction tool was used to determine the quality of reporting across studies (0-7?=?low, 8-14?=?moderate, and 15-21?=?high). The number of indicators reported ranged from 3–14 (mean?=?8.1?±?2.6), with the majority of studies falling in the moderate quality reporting category. English and Spanish language articles did not differ on the number of indicators reported (8.1 vs. 8.3, respectively). However, Spanish articles reported more across reach indicators (62% vs. 43% of indicators), while English articles reported more across effectiveness indicators (69% vs 62%). Across RE-AIM dimensions, indicators for reach (48%), efficacy/effectiveness (67%), and implementation (41%) were reported more often than indicators of adoption (25%) and maintenance (10%). Few studies reported on the representativeness of participants, staff that delivered interventions, or the settings where interventions were adopted. Only 13% of the studies reported on quality of life and/or potential negative outcomes, 20% reported on intervention fidelity, and 11% on cost of implementation. Outcomes measured after six months of intervention, information on continued delivery and institutionalization of interventions, were also seldom reported. Regardless of language of publication, physical activity intervention research for Latin Americans should increase attention to and measurement of external validity and cost factors that are critical in the decision making process in practice settings and can increase the likelihood of translation into community or clinical practice. PMID:24938641

2014-01-01

390

Reproductive Genetic Counseling to Asian-Pacific and Latin American Immigrants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Latin and Asian-Pacific immigrants are the fastest growing new-comer groups in the U.S. contributing to 85% of immigration totals. New immigrants experience multiple barriers to accessing genetic counseling resulting from cultural, linguistic, financial, and educational factors as well as having unique perceptions on health, illness, reproduction, and life as a whole. In addition, new immigrants lack familiarity with Western medical

Ilana Mittman; William R. Crombleholme; James R. Green; Mitchell S. Golbus

1998-01-01

391

The glans penes and bacula in Latin American taxa of the Peromyscus boylii group  

E-print Network

. , Texas A&M Univesity Chairman of Advisory Ccmmittee: Dr. David J. Schmidly Detailed earner a lucida illustr ations and high magnification scanning electron micrographs were used to describe the glans penis dt 1 phtgyf 15b ftt ~9~bi' species group... from Latin America. A total of 17 qualitative and quantitative characters were recorded for each penis. These characters were phenetically analyzed using cluster, principal components, and minimum spanning tree analyses. A phylogenetic analysis...

Bradley, Robert Dean

2012-06-07

392

A "Great Roads" Approach to Teaching Modern World History and Latin American Regional Survey Courses: A Veracruz to Mexico City Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines an innovative way of teaching "World History Since 1500" at Samford University (Birmingham, Alabama) called the "great roads" approach, centered upon important roads in a country's history. Presents the "Veracruz to Mexico City corridor" case study used to teach a Latin American modern history course. (CMK)

Brown, James Seay, Jr.; Sullivan-Gonzalez, Douglass

2002-01-01

393

1969 MLA International Bibliography of Books and Articles on the Modern Languages and Literatures. Volume I: General, English, American, Medieval and Neo-Latin, and Celtic Literatures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Volume 1 of the 4-volume, international bibliography contains some 9,000 entries referring to books and articles which focus on general, English, American, medieval and neo-Latin, and Celtic literatures. The master list of the nearly 1,500 periodicals from which entries are derived is furnished at the beginning of the volume with a table of…

Meserole, Harrison T., Comp.

394

Las historias de la narrativa hispanoamericana: Criterios, metodos y ausencias. (Histories of the Latin-American Narrative: Criteria, Methods, and Absences).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explains that materials on the teaching of Latin-American literature are sparse, even though most researchers in the field will dedicate much of their time to teaching. The paper adds that, in scholarly journals, little attention is given to teaching literature, and the topic is also absent from most academic congresses. The paper then…

Zavalo, Lauro

395

LATIN AMERICAN THOUGHT and IDEOLOGIES From Liberty and National Identity to Justice and Human Rights INS 584 Fall 2008 Mondays 3:30-6:00pm, Merrick 307  

Microsoft Academic Search

Content While Cubans with different inclinations profess unquestioned reverence for patriot and writer José Martí, the president of Venezuela, Hugo Chávez, claims his populist policies to be dictated by the thinking of Simón Bolívar. While the governments of most of Latin American countries led by Chile have opted in the last decade for moderate or open neoliberal development policies, others,

Joaquín Roy

396

The need and viability of a mediation index in Latin American scientific production and publication : The case of the Redalyc System of Scientific Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to introduce the online information system Redalyc as an intermediary tool that provides Latin American scientific articles with international standards (mostly related to natural sciences and developed countries) as well as with specific areas to host local research. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Redalyc is based on a semantic intersection model proposed by Russian semiologist

Eduardo Aguado-López; Gustavo Adolfo Garduño-Oropeza; Rosario Rogel-Salazar; María Fernanda Zúñiga-Roca

2012-01-01

397

Constrasting Ways of Life in Latin America; Sample Lessons for the Intermediate Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is one of several sequential units developed by the Latin American Curriculum Project. The primary objective was to promote pupil understanding of the social and cultural patterns (ways of living) of Latin America. Appreciation of the diversity in the area is developed by comparing four different families, and contrasting these with life in…

Gill, Clark C.; Conroy, William B.

398

[Partnership between a university and an international organization with a view to drugs research training for Latin American nursing teachers].  

PubMed

This article reports on the experience of the specialization course called: research training program for nurses to study the drugs phenomenon in Latin America, which was offered by two institutions, one of which is local (University of São Paulo at Ribeirão Preto College of Nursing) while the other is an international organization (Interamerican Drug Abuse Control Commission - CICAD of the Organization of American States - OAS). This program was offered consecutively in 2002 and 2003. The report discloses data on the negotiation and didactical planning process for the first course, the distribution of contents and activities, experiences acquired during the teaching process and student evaluations. According to the participating students, teachers and institutions involved, offering partially in-class and partially distance courses, like the above mentioned program, has proved to be a successful experience with political, academic and social repercussions for the participants. PMID:15303182

Luis, Margarita Antonia Villar; Mendes, Isabel Amélia Costa; Carvalho, Emilia Campos de; Mamede, Marli Villela; Wright, Maria da Gloria Miotto; Chisman, Anna McG

2004-01-01

399

Native American Career Education Unit. Living with the Land.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of twelve instructional units in the Native American Career Education (NACE) program, this unit is intended to help Indian junior high school students understand concepts involved in the management of natural resources, especially as they relate to traditional Indian values; understand the relationship between basic needs, resources, and waste…

Far West Lab. for Educational Research and Development, San Francisco, CA.

400

Native American Career Education Unit. From Idea to Product.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of twelve instructional units in the Native American Career Education (NACE) program, this unit is intended to help Indian junior high school students understand the steps involved in making a product. Focus is on the subject areas of economics, lumber and furniture industries, and woodworking. The first two activities concern the nature of…

Far West Lab. for Educational Research and Development, San Francisco, CA.

401

A Collection of Teaching Units in American Indian Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of 11 teaching units was developed by elementary school teachers who attended the Montana Institute for Effective Teaching of American Indian Children, held at Eastern Montana College in June 1990. The first unit teaches the alphabet to kindergarten students using cultural activities related to English or Salish words that begin…

Montana State Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction, Helena.

402

Chinese Dragons in an American Science Unit  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Can art and science find a happy home in the same unit? We think the answer is yes, if the central problem interests the students and allows them to try out multiple abilities. The sixth-grade unit described in this article, which we called "The Dragon Project," grew mainly from two roots, a study of ancient China and a later probe into anatomy…

Lew, Lee Yuen; McLure, John W.

2005-01-01

403

Validation of a Rapid Immunochromatographic Assay for Diagnosis of Trypanosoma cruzi Infection among Latin-American Migrants in Geneva, Switzerland?  

PubMed Central

Chagas' disease is a global public health problem due to the recent exchange of population between Latin America and other regions, including Europe. The recent development of rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) for Trypanosoma cruzi infection may improve patient access to diagnosis and care worldwide. We evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of the Chagas Stat-Pak RDT in a cohort of undocumented Latin-American migrants living in Geneva, Switzerland. Study participants were enrolled in a primary health care center. The Chagas Stat-Pak test was performed independently on blood and serum samples. A combination of two commercialized enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)-based serological tests was used for comparison (reference standard). A total of 999 adults (median age, 36 years) were included in the study; the majority were women (83%) and originally from Bolivia (47%) or Brazil (25%). A total of 125 participants (12.5%) were diagnosed with T. cruzi infection; with the exception of three individuals, all individuals diagnosed with T. cruzi were originally from Bolivia. The sensitivity and specificity of the Chagas Stat-Pak test on blood samples were 95.2% (95% confidence interval [95% CI], 89.2% to 97.9%) and 99.9% (95% CI, 99.3% to 100%), respectively. When the test was performed on serum samples, the sensitivity was 96% (95% CI, 91% to 98.3%), and the specificity was 99.8% (95% CI, 99.2% to 99.9%). The concordance of test results for blood and serum samples was 99.7%. Both negative and positive predictive values were above 98%. The Chagas Stat-Pak is an accurate diagnostic test for T. cruzi infection among Latin-American migrants living in Europe. The mild deficit in sensitivity should be interpreted in light of its ease of use and capacity to provide immediate results, which allow more people at risk to have access to diagnosis and care both in countries where Chagas' disease is endemic and in countries where this disease is not endemic. PMID:20554821

Chappuis, Francois; Mauris, Anne; Holst, Marylise; Albajar-Vinas, Pedro; Jannin, Jean; Luquetti, Alejandro O.; Jackson, Yves

2010-01-01

404

Validation of a rapid immunochromatographic assay for diagnosis of Trypanosoma cruzi infection among Latin-American Migrants in Geneva, Switzerland.  

PubMed

Chagas' disease is a global public health problem due to the recent exchange of population between Latin America and other regions, including Europe. The recent development of rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) for Trypanosoma cruzi infection may improve patient access to diagnosis and care worldwide. We evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of the Chagas Stat-Pak RDT in a cohort of undocumented Latin-American migrants living in Geneva, Switzerland. Study participants were enrolled in a primary health care center. The Chagas Stat-Pak test was performed independently on blood and serum samples. A combination of two commercialized enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)-based serological tests was used for comparison (reference standard). A total of 999 adults (median age, 36 years) were included in the study; the majority were women (83%) and originally from Bolivia (47%) or Brazil (25%). A total of 125 participants (12.5%) were diagnosed with T. cruzi infection; with the exception of three individuals, all individuals diagnosed with T. cruzi were originally from Bolivia. The sensitivity and specificity of the Chagas Stat-Pak test on blood samples were 95.2% (95% confidence interval [95% CI], 89.2% to 97.9%) and 99.9% (95% CI, 99.3% to 100%), respectively. When the test was performed on serum samples, the sensitivity was 96% (95% CI, 91% to 98.3%), and the specificity was 99.8% (95% CI, 99.2% to 99.9%). The concordance of test results for blood and serum samples was 99.7%. Both negative and positive predictive values were above 98%. The Chagas Stat-Pak is an accurate diagnostic test for T. cruzi infection among Latin-American migrants living in Europe. The mild deficit in sensitivity should be interpreted in light of its ease of use and capacity to provide immediate results, which allow more people at risk to have access to diagnosis and care both in countries where Chagas' disease is endemic and in countries where this disease is not endemic. PMID:20554821

Chappuis, François; Mauris, Anne; Holst, Marylise; Albajar-Vinas, Pedro; Jannin, Jean; Luquetti, Alejandro O; Jackson, Yves

2010-08-01

405

Latin America Research Group  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Part of the Macropolicy group at the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, the Latin America Research Group (LARG) monitors financial systems and provides general assessments of macroeconomic conditions in Latin America and the Caribbean. Recent staff papers and economic analyses are posted on-site in addition to speeches and presentations. A well-organized Internet resource page also offers links to Latin American government, media, and stock exchange sites as well as multilateral institutions and research organizations.

406

Projected refined product balances in key Latin American countries: A preliminary examination  

SciTech Connect

Over the years, the East-West Center (EWC) has developed considerable expertise in refinery modeling, especially in the area of forecasting product balances for countries, given planned capacity changes, changes in product demand, changes in crude slates, and changes in product specifications. This expertise has been applied on an ongoing basis to the major refiners in the Middle East and the Asia-Pacific region, along with the US West Coast as region in its own right. Refinery modeling in these three areas has been ongoing for nearly 15 years at the Center, and the tools and information sources are now well developed. To date, the EWC has not applied these tools to Latin America. Although research on Latin America has been an ongoing area of concern at the Center in recent years, the information gathered to date is still not of the level of detail nor quality available for other areas. The modeling efforts undertaken in this report are of a ``baseline`` nature, designed to outline the major issues, attempt a first cut at emerging product balances, and, above all, to elicit commentary from those directly involved in the oil industry in the key countries modeled. Our experience in other regions has shown that it takes a few years dialogue with refiners and government planner in individual countries to develop a reliable database, as well as the insights into operational constraints and practices that make accurate modeling possible. This report is no more than a first step down the road.

NONE

1996-06-01

407

Shifting Turkish American Identity Formations in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation examines Turkish-American identity formations in the United States. Through a case study based in the New York metropolitan area, this study explores how the contestation and negotiation of Turkish ethnicity and Turkish-American identity is grounded in place and across space. It examines Turkish-Americaness in relation to Westerness, Muslimness, Arabness, Americaness, and Turkishness. The study problematizes ethnic and racial

Ilhan Kaya

2003-01-01

408

American Housing Survey for the United States: 1999  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Last Friday, the US Census released their annual American Housing Survey for the United States, which provides up-to-date housing statistics for the Department of Housing and Urban Development. Conducted by field representatives who obtain information from occupants of homes, the survey provides data on "apartments; single-family homes; mobile homes; vacant housing units; age, sex, and race of householders; income; housing and neighborhood quality; housing costs; equipment and fuels; and size of the housing units. The survey also presents data on mortgages, rent control, rent subsidies, previous unit of recent movers, and reasons for moving."

409

[Hypotheses on the origin of certain parasites on the Latin American continent].  

PubMed

The South American continent has been connected to Africa over millions of centuries. In prehistorical time, the filling of the Bering strait allowed passage on firm ground between Asia and North America. South American peopling has thus occurred from North America, through the Pacific sea and, from the 15th century A.C., through the Atlantic. Necator americanus was present in South America prior to the arrival of black slaves and its African origin is probably related to contacts between Africa and South America; the same applies to Leishmania donovani and Biom-Phalaria glabrata. Ankylostoma duodenale originates from Asia as well as Plasmodium falciparum which was brought by man at time of his migration. To the contrary, muco-cutaneous Leishmaniasis stem (or have a South American origin) from South America. Finally, it is difficult to understand for which reasons Loa loa has not established itself in South America as did Schistosoma mansoni. PMID:3928184

Nozais, J P

1985-01-01

410

BERKELEY REVIEW OF LATIN AMERICAN STUDIES 52 Wandering Players in an Imagined Land  

E-print Network

to This American Life) are not. Those are in Spanish, and so are some of the articles that he writes for the Lima in jail. Alarc�n used his own experience reporting inside Peru's notorious Lurigancho prison to inform ambling around life, sees this as a golden opportunity: the big break that will finally begin the rest

Kammen, Daniel M.

411

Adaptation of Adolescent Mexican Americans to United States Society  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a paper prepared for the conference on "Migration and Behavioral Deviance, November 4-8, 1968, Dorado Beach, Puerto Rico, the author compares "the attitudes of Mexican American adolescents who were born and reared or whose parents were born and reared in the United States with those adolescents who migrated or whose parents migrated from…

Derbyshire, Robert L.

1969-01-01

412

Field research methodology for the study of Latin American ministries of education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In Third World countries a key to the course of nation-building is the modernization of the organizational and administrative infrastructures which drive the development process. Increasing the operational capabilities, effectiveness, and efficiency of the ministry of education, and hence the quality and quantity of school outcomes, is typically a high priority item in the development plans of a nation. In order to promote the modernization of management activities in ministries, however, it is first essential to understand their existing patterns of operation. Toward this objective, the paper presents a methodological framework for a field study approach to the examination of the working of a ministry of education in Latin America. Several issues are introduced which influence the process of inquiry, such as: (1) examining the impact of historical traditions on contemporary management procedures; (2) exploring concerns for ethics and academic colonialism; (3) distinguishing between anthropological and sociological participant-observation field methods; (4) gathering and analyzing data on complex ministries; and (5) exploring the task of Third World theory building.

Hanson, E. Mark

1981-09-01

413

[Population and nutrition in Latin America].  

PubMed

This discussion of food and population in Latin America consists of 5 sections covering food and the population debate since Malthus, basic data on nutrition problems in Latin America, the demographic impact, food production, and future prospects. The present position in favor of limitation of population growth is based on the view that continued rapid population increase must inevitably bring a crisis of disequilibrium of food, natural resources, and ecological and economic security within about 100 years. The common element uniting those opposed to or indifferent to population control is a belief that science and technology can predict and satisfy the essential food needs of a burgeoning population. All developed countries have per capita caloric availabilities of over 3000/day, compared to an average of 2465 for Latin American as a whole. Only Barbados and Argentina have 3000 calories/day available. The daily average per capita protein consumption of 65.7 grams in Latin America is above the 54 gr/day recommended by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Health Organiation. In Latin America the average daily per capita consumption from animal protein is 496 calories, compared to 1331 in the US. The nutrition status of different Latin American countries varies, with minimal caloric intakes of 1880-2170 calories/day in some Central American and Caribbean countries. Haiti, the Dominican Republic, Honduras, Ecuador, and Bolivia have frank protein deficits. Within countries, there may be large food gaps between regions, rural and urban populations, and social classes. The FAO estimated that 41 million Latin Americans representing 13% of the population are undernourished. 38% of Guatemalans, Hondurans, and Haitians, 30% of Ecuadoreans, and 23% of Peruvians are believed to be inadequately nourished. The quality of the diet varies widely between countries and regions because of a multitude of cultural, environmental, and socioeconomic factors. In general the diet is heavy in carbohydrates and light on protein. Undernutrition has a characteristic mortality pattern with deaths concentrated in those under 5 years of age and whith physical and mental effects that may persist throughout the lifespan. The Latin American population was increasing at 2.3%/year in 1983, representing 9 million new consumers each year. Food production increased by 3.9%/year between 1971-80, but in at least 1/3 of countries the rate of increase in food production was exceeded by the population growth rate. The relationship between population and food is complex and is affected by multiple and changing environmental, economic, and social factors directly related to the international economic system. Latin America must augment its food production capacity and should decrease its rate of population growth. PMID:12266337

Sepulveda, S

1984-04-01

414

Latin America: Translations No. 13.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Inter-American Affairs- Communist parties of Ecuador and Venezuela hold meeting; Peruvian view of Latin American revolution. Bolivia- Bolivian guerrilla situation analyzed. Brazil- A railroad policy for Northeastern Brazil; Ferryboat hastens rai...

1968-01-01

415

Isolation of Mycoplasma genitalium from patients with urogenital infections: first report from the Latin-American region  

PubMed Central

Isolation of Mycoplasma genitalium from clinical specimens remains difficult. We describe a modified culture system based on Vero cells grown in medium 199 with 2% foetal bovine serum (FBS). The culture system was evaluated using early passage M. genitalium strains M6271 and M6311 with growth monitoring by quantitative TaqMan PCR. Eleven endocervical swabs and one male urethral swab positive by 16S rRNA and MgPa1–3 PCRs were quantified and inoculated into Vero cell suspensions in medium 199 supplemented with 2% FBS and antibiotics. Cultures were incubated for 14 days. Cell passages and growth monitoring by TaqMan PCR were performed until the growth of M. genitalium reached ?106 geq/mL. Confirmation of the new M. genitalium strains was performed by sequencing a 281 bp fragment of mgpB. The growth of Mycoplasma genitalium strains was recorded for all urogenital swab specimens in the modified cell-culture system. Growth of M. genitalium was obtained within 2 months and yielded 12 M. genitalium strains with all 11 isolates from females of an identical, but unique genotype. To our knowledge, this is the first successful isolation of M. genitalium in the Latin-American region. The use of Vero cell culture in 199 medium with 2% FBS is a method comparable to the Ultroser G culture system for isolation of M. genitalium. Genotyping of clinical samples and isolates should be performed to document the absence of cross-contamination. PMID:25356322

Mondeja, B A; Jensen, J S; Rodriguez, I; Morier, L F; Kouri, V; Rodriguez, N M; Fernandez, C

2013-01-01

416

Cardiovascular Disease in Latin American Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: A Cross-Sectional Study and a Systematic Review  

PubMed Central

Objective. This study was performed to determine the prevalence of and associated risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in Latin American (LA) patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods. First, a cross-sectional analytical study was conducted in 310 Colombian patients with SLE in whom CVD was assessed. Associated factors were examined by multivariate regression analyses. Second, a systematic review of the literature on CVD in SLE in LA was performed. Results. There were 133 (36.5%) Colombian SLE patients with CVD. Dyslipidemia, smoking, coffee consumption, and pleural effusion were positively associated with CVD. An independent effect of coffee consumption and cigarette on CVD was found regardless of gender and duration of disease. In the systematic review, 60 articles fulfilling the eligibility criteria were included. A wide range of CVD prevalence was found (4%–79.5%). Several studies reported ancestry, genetic factors, and polyautoimmunity as novel risk factors for such a condition. Conclusions. A high rate of CVD is observed in LA patients with SLE. Awareness of the observed risk factors should encourage preventive population strategies for CVD in patients with SLE aimed at facilitating the suppression of cigarette smoking and coffee consumption as well as at the tight control of dyslipidemia and other modifiable risk factors. PMID:24294522

Amaya-Amaya, Jenny; Caro-Moreno, Julian; Molano-Gonzalez, Nicolas; Mantilla, Ruben D.; Rojas-Villarraga, Adriana; Anaya, Juan-Manuel

2013-01-01

417

Ability of six Latin American antivenoms to neutralize the venom of mapaná equis (Bothrops atrox) from Antioquia and Chocó (Colombia).  

PubMed

This investigation compared the ability of six Latin American antivenoms (monovalent antibothropic INS, Santafé de Bogotá; polyvalent INS; polyvalent probiol, Santafé de Bogotá; antibothropic Instituto Butantan, IB, São Paulo, Brazil; polyvalent Instituto Clodomiro Picado, ICP, San José, Costa Rica; polyvalent MYN, Mexico) to neutralize various pharmacological and enzymatic effects of Bothrops atrox venom from Antioquia and Chocó, north-west of Colombia. Our results demonstrated conspicuous differences in the ability of the six antivenoms. In terms of neutralization of lethality, the highest efficacy was observed in the polyvalent INS and the lowest in the polyvalent MYN antivenom. All antivenoms were highly effective in the neutralization of hemorrhage, polyvalent INS and probiol being the highest. In the neutralization of edema-forming activity, the most effective antivenom was the polyvalent (ICP); monovalent (INS) and polyvalent (MYN) were the least effective. All antivenoms were effective in the neutralization of the myotoxic activity of B. atrox venom, the most effective being the polyvalent (INS) and antibothropic (IB). Defibrinating activity was neutralized by all antivenoms; polyvalent (MYN) showed the lowest efficiency. Polyvalent (ICP) antivenom had the highest neutralizing ability against the indirect hemolytic effect of B. atrox venom; polyvalent (MYN) did not neutralize this enzymatic activity. Overall, the polyvalent antivenom (INS) showed the highest neutralizing ability. PMID:7676472

Otero, R; Nuñez, V; Osorio, R G; Gutiérrez, J M; Giraldo, C A; Posada, L E

1995-06-01

418

Higher Education in Latin America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an analysis of, and proposals for, international cooperation in higher education. Focuses on Latin American higher education, its current situation, and the expected transformation of the goals of higher education in the context of international cooperation. Describes the challenges that globalization poses to Latin American higher…

Romeao, Jose Raymundo Martins

2003-01-01

419

`Home Away From Home:' Migrant Organizations and Transnational Politics Among Latin American Migrants in Spain  

E-print Network

institutions (Keohane, 1984). Given that the unit of analysis in early modern international relations theory was the unitary state and its official mechanisms of control, it is sensible that patterns of human migration and the role of individual migrants... on migration have overwhelmingly focused on the receiving state; that is to say that migrant identity formation studies have focused on Mexican migrants in the United States, or on the effects of refugee crises in Africa on the refugee and human rights...

Freudenburg, Kevin Michael

2011-04-27

420

A cost-effectiveness analysis of a 10-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in children in six Latin American countries  

PubMed Central

Background A recently developed 10-valent pneumococcal non-typeable H influenzae protein D-conjugate vaccine (PHiD-CV) is expected to afford protection against more than two thirds of isolates causing IPD in children in Latin America, and also against acute otitis media caused by both Spn and NTHi. The objective of this study is to assess the cost-effectiveness of PHiD-CV in comparison to non-vaccination in children under 10 years of age in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru. Methods We used a static, deterministic, compartmental simulation model. The dosing regimen considered included three vaccine doses (at 2 months, 4 months and 6 months) and a booster dose (at 13 months) (3?+?1 schedule). Model outcomes included number of cases prevented, deaths averted, quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) gained and costs. Discount for costs and benefits of long term sequelae was done at 3.5%, and currency reported in 2008-2009 U$S varying between countries. Results The largest effect in case prevention was observed in pneumococcal meningitis (from 27% in Peru to 47% in Colombia), neurologic sequelae after meningitis (from 38% in Peru to 65% in Brazil) and bacteremia (from 42% in Argentina to 49% in Colombia). The proportion of predicted deaths averted annually ranged from 18% in Peru to 33% in Brazil. Overall, the health benefits achieved with PHiD-CV vaccination resulted in a lower QALY loss (from 15% lower in Peru to 26% in Brazil). At a cost of USD 20 per vaccine dose, vaccination was cost-effective in all countries, from being cost saving in Chile to a maximum Incremental Cost-effectiveness Ratio of 7,088 US$ Dollars per QALY gained. Results were robust in the sensitivity analysis, and scenarios with indirect costs affected results more than those with herd immunity. Conclusions The incorporation of the 10-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine into routine infant immunization programs in Latin American countries could be a cost-effective strategy to improve infant population health in the region. PMID:24004943

2013-01-01

421

Increasing U.S. Hard Red Winter Wheat Competitiveness in Latin American Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United States wheat sector leadership in world markets is facing serious challenges. Canada, Australia, Argentina, the European Union (EU), and the Former Soviet Union (FSU) are growing contenders for international wheat markets. Wheat buyers? concerns about quality specifications and its consistency have intensified without precedents in the last years. The study focuses on identifying the attributes that wheat buyers

Rosa Karina Gallardo; Rodney B. Holcomb

2006-01-01

422

Recruiting with Purpose: A Program to bring Latin American students to Saint Martin’s University  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the importance of internationalization and of international student bodies grows on university campuses across the United States, more and more universities are seeking not only to add “warm bodies” to their international programs but also to diversify their student populations to be representative of more regions in the world and thus, expose domestic students to a broader range of

Janelle Garcia Martinez

2009-01-01

423

American nurses' work autonomy on patient care and unit operations.  

PubMed

Work autonomy is an essential aspect of nurses' professional lives. The aim of this research was to study American nurses' work autonomy and, in particular, autonomy over patient care and unit operations decisions. Data were collected electronically during July of 2004. A total of 300 American nurses were recruited from two clinical listserves in which nurses communicate electronically as a group. Nurses were more autonomous about decisions relating to patient care than unit operations, and their total work autonomy was moderate. Correlations and stepwise regression analyses revealed that nurses' experience, education, and time commitments influenced their work autonomy. Findings suggest that nurses' work autonomy should be enhanced to reach its full potential and that nurse administrators should promote their nurses' work autonomy. PMID:16237350

Mrayyan, Majd T

424

Comparison of WAIS and Escala de Inteligencia Wechsler para Adultos scores in an institutionalized Latin American psychiatric population  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vocabulary and Block Design subtests of the WAIS and its Puerto Rican counterpart, the Escala de Inteligencia Wechsler para Adultos (EIWA), were compared in a chronic population of 42 hospitalized Latins and Trans-Caribbean Blacks. A matched sample of 12 English and Spanish speakers was administered the WAIS and the EIWA subtests, respectively. A sample of bilingual Latins was administered the

Todd M. Davis; Vene L. Rodriguez

1979-01-01

425

Causes of Blindness and Visual Impairment in Latin America  

Microsoft Academic Search

We review what is known in each country of the Latin American region in regard to blindness and visual impairment and make some comparisons to Hispanic populations in the United States. Prevalence of blindness varied from 1.1% in Argentina to 4.1% in Guatemala in people 50 years of age and older, with the major cause being cataract. Diabetic retinopathy and

João M. Furtado; Van C. Lansingh; Marissa J. Carter; María F. Milanese; Brenda N. Peña; Hernán A. Ghersi; Paula L. Bote; María E. Nano; Juan C. Silva

426

19 CFR 148.88 - Certain representatives to and officers of the United Nations and the Organization of American...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...United Nations and the Organization of American States. 148.88 Section 148.88...United Nations and the Organization of American States. (a) Exemption for baggage...United Nations and the Organization of American States, and their personal baggage...

2010-04-01

427

19 CFR 148.88 - Certain representatives to and officers of the United Nations and the Organization of American...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...United Nations and the Organization of American States. 148.88 Section 148.88...United Nations and the Organization of American States. (a) Exemption for baggage...United Nations and the Organization of American States, and their personal baggage...

2011-04-01

428

19 CFR 148.88 - Certain representatives to and officers of the United Nations and the Organization of American...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...United Nations and the Organization of American States. 148.88 Section 148.88...United Nations and the Organization of American States. (a) Exemption for baggage...United Nations and the Organization of American States, and their personal baggage...

2012-04-01

429

19 CFR 148.88 - Certain representatives to and officers of the United Nations and the Organization of American...  

...United Nations and the Organization of American States. 148.88 Section 148.88...United Nations and the Organization of American States. (a) Exemption for baggage...United Nations and the Organization of American States, and their personal baggage...

2014-04-01

430

19 CFR 148.88 - Certain representatives to and officers of the United Nations and the Organization of American...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...United Nations and the Organization of American States. 148.88 Section 148.88...United Nations and the Organization of American States. (a) Exemption for baggage...United Nations and the Organization of American States, and their personal baggage...

2013-04-01

431

Latin-American Regional Developments in Space Technology and International Cooperation - Columbian Space Policy: An Approach to Create a National Space Agency  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Space exploration is a great human adventure: culturally, scientifically, technologically and industrially. Since the earliest of times, civilizations have been united in their awe of, and inspiration by, the cosmos, as testified in particularly by the peoples and cultures of the Central and South American continent in pre-Columbian times. Today, space systems have become an essential tool for the scientific disciplines related to the knowledge of the universe, including our own planet and its close or its remote environment. The main objective of this research is to explain the way in which Colombia, rich in myths and secular legends connecting mankind to the universe, must in the present tackle the issue of its development of space activities. The context in which it could be carried out is also described, along with a perspective of the current state of science and technology in the space sector on a global scale. Any modern nation is concerned with its independence, whether political, economic, or intellectual. That is why we support the concept of countries in the process of development becoming actively involved in the international space scene. Indeed, having limitations in industrial and technological exchange, we feel excluded today from key fields for our tomorrow. This research thus proposes to demonstrate how in a time that can be regarded as one of the most serious crises in its history, Colombia could, in an atmosphere free from fratricidal conflicts, exploit its space matter capabilities. We do not limit our focus to the scientific field, but also consider the social, economic and cultural aspects. The results of this research delineate how Colombia could start a new optimistic phase of its development, joining the international space programs within the framework of agreements among the regional governments in Latin America.

Arenales-Vergara, Oscar A.

2002-01-01

432

Efalizumab in the Treatment of Scalp, Palmoplantar and Nail Psoriasis: Results of a 24-Week Latin American Study.  

PubMed

INTRODUCTION: Plaque-type psoriasis affecting the nails, scalp, hands or feet can often be difficult to treat; for example, topical treatments and phototherapy may not penetrate the nail plate or scalp. The objective of this large, international, multicentre study was to investigate the efficacy of efalizumab in a Latin American population of adult patients with moderate-to-severe chronic plaque psoriasis who were candidates for systemic therapy or phototherapy. METHODS: Eligible patients were enrolled in a 24-week, open-label, single-arm, Phase IIIb/IV study of continuous treatment with subcutaneous efalizumab, 1.0 mg/kg/wk. Involvement of the nails, scalp, or hands or feet was assessed using the Nail Psoriasis Severity Index (NAPSI), the Psoriasis Scalp Severity Index (PSSI), or the Palmoplantar Pustulosis Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PPPASI), respectively. Missing data were handled using a last observation carried forward or nonresponder imputation approach. RESULTS: Of the 189 patients who received treatment, 112 patients had nail involvement, 172 had scalp involvement, and 19 had palmoplantar disease at baseline. At Week 24, >/=50% improvement on the NAPSI, PSSI and PPPASI was observed in 31%, 71% and 68% of patients, respectively, whereas >/=75% improvement on these scores was observed in 17%, 52% and 63%, respectively. Descriptive statistics showed lower NAPSI-75 and higher PSSI-75 and -50 response rates among patients with higher baseline scores. CONCLUSIONS: This open-label, uncontrolled study provides supportive evidence of the potential of efalizumab as a treatment for nail, scalp and palmoplantar psoriasis. PMID:20428227

Takahashi, María Denise; Chouela, Edgardo Néstor; Dorantes, Gladys Leon; Roselino, Ana Maria; Santamaria, Jesùs; Allevato, Miguel Angel; Cestari, Tania; de Aillaud, Maria Eugenia Manzanera; Stengel, Fernando Miguel; Licu, Daiana

2010-03-01

433

Efalizumab in the Treatment of Scalp, Palmoplantar and Nail Psoriasis: Results of a 24-Week Latin American Study  

PubMed Central

Introduction Plaque-type psoriasis affecting the nails, scalp, hands or feet can often be difficult to treat; for example, topical treatments and phototherapy may not penetrate the nail plate or scalp. The objective of this large, international, multicentre study was to investigate the efficacy of efalizumab in a Latin American population of adult patients with moderate-to-severe chronic plaque psoriasis who were candidates for systemic therapy or phototherapy. Methods Eligible patients were enrolled in a 24-week, open-label, single-arm, Phase IIIb/IV study of continuous treatment with subcutaneous efalizumab, 1.0 mg/kg/wk. Involvement of the nails, scalp, or hands or feet was assessed using the Nail Psoriasis Severity Index (NAPSI), the Psoriasis Scalp Severity Index (PSSI), or the Palmoplantar Pustulosis Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PPPASI), respectively. Missing data were handled using a last observation carried forward or nonresponder imputation approach. Results Of the 189 patients who received treatment, 112 patients had nail involvement, 172 had scalp involvement, and 19 had palmoplantar disease at baseline. At Week 24, ?50% improvement on the NAPSI, PSSI and PPPASI was observed in 31%, 71% and 68% of patients, respectively, whereas ?75% improvement on these scores was observed in 17%, 52% and 63%, respectively. Descriptive statistics showed lower NAPSI-75 and higher PSSI-75 and -50 response rates among patients with higher baseline scores. Conclusions This open-label, uncontrolled study provides supportive evidence of the potential of efalizumab as a treatment for nail, scalp and palmoplantar psoriasis. PMID:20428227

Takahashi, María Denise; Chouela, Edgardo Néstor; Dorantes, Gladys Leon; Roselino, Ana Maria; Santamaria, Jesùs; Allevato, Miguel Angel; Cestari, Tania; de Aillaud, Maria Eugenia Manzanera; Stengel, Fernando Miguel; Licu, Daiana

2010-01-01

434

Mycobacterium tuberculosis Latin American-Mediterranean family and its sublineages in the light of robust evolutionary markers.  

PubMed

Mycobacterium tuberculosis has a clonal population structure, and the Latin American-Mediterranean (LAM) family is one of the largest and most widespread within this species, showing evidence for remarkable pathobiology and a confusing phylogeny. Here, we applied robust phylogenetic markers to study the evolution of the LAM family and its major sublineages circulating in Russia and neighboring countries. A total of 250 M. tuberculosis isolates were confirmed to belong to the LAM family based on the analysis of the LAM-specific single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the Rv3062 and Rv0129c genes. At this stage, the family status was rectified for 121 isolates misleadingly assigned by CRISPR spoligotyping to non-LAM families (T1- or T5-RUS1). Consequently, the reestimated LAM prevalence rate increased 2-fold in Russia and Kazakhstan and 4-fold in Belarus. The majority (91.8 to 98.7%) of the LAM isolates from all three countries belonged to the LAM-RUS sublineage. In contrast, the Ibero-American LAM RD-Rio sublineage was identified in only 7 Russian isolates. Taken together, our findings and further analyses suggest a monophyletic origin of LAM-RUS: at a historically distant time, in Russia, in a small founding bacterial/human population. Its dissemination pattern and high prevalence rate in Northern Eurasia may indicate a long-term coexistence of the LAM-RUS sublineage and local human populations hypothetically leading to coadaptation and reduced pathogenicity of the relatively more ancient clones, such as spoligotype international type 254 (SIT254), compared to the more recent SIT252 and SIT266 clones. In contrast, rare LAM RD-Rio isolates were likely brought to Russia through occasional human contact. The spread of RD-Rio strains is not as global as commonly claimed and is determined largely by human migration flows (rather than by pathobiological properties of these strains). Consequently, a host population factor appears to play a major role in shaping the in situ dissemination pattern of the imported strains in an autochthonous population. PMID:24584500

Mokrousov, Igor; Vyazovaya, Anna; Narvskaya, Olga

2014-05-01

435

Keys to Latin America and the Caribbean  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Keys to Latin America and the Caribbean, supported by the Latin American Economic System (SELA), is a summary of the economic situation in Latin America and the Caribbean. Information in this study ranges from population and land area to more specific data about the economy of this region. While this information tends to be very broad-based, the site provides extensive charts and graphs and offers a good general overview of the economy of Caribbean and Latin American countries.

1999-01-01

436

Las Leyes de Indias : observations of its influence on the physical space in the Latin American colonial cities  

E-print Network

This Thesis involves an analysis and a description of the structure of physical space of the Latin America Colonial Cities. The section of the document known as Leyes de Indias which deals with the urbanistic norms and the ...

Frontado Saavedra, Jose Guillermo

1980-01-01

437

Risk of Recurrent Helicobacter pylori Infection 1 Year After Initial Eradication Therapy in 7 Latin American Communities  

PubMed Central

Importance The long-term effectiveness of Helicobacter pylori eradication programs for preventing gastric cancer will depend on recurrence risk and individual and community factors. Objective To estimate risk of H pylori recurrence and assess factors associated with successful eradication 1 year after treatment. Design, Setting, and Participants Cohort analysis of 1463 randomized trial participants aged 21 to 65 years from 7 Latin American communities, who were treated for H pylori and observed between September 2009 and July 2011. Interventions Randomization to 1 of 3 treatment groups: 14-day lansoprazole, amoxicillin, and clarithromycin (triple therapy); 5-day lansoprazole and amoxicillin followed by 5-day lansoprazole, clarithromycin, and metronidazole (sequential); or 5-day lansoprazole, amoxicillin, clarithromycin, and metronidazole (concomitant). Participants with a positive (13) C-urea breath test (UBT) 6 to 8 weeks posttreatment were offered voluntary re-treatment with 14-day bismuth-based quadruple therapy. Measurements Recurrent infection after a negative posttreatment UBT and factors associated with successful eradication at 1-year follow-up. Results Among participants with UBT-negative results who had a 1-year follow-up UBT (n=1091), 125 tested UBT positive, a recurrence risk of 11.5% (95% CI, 9.6%–13.5%). Recurrence was significantly associated with study site (P=.03), nonadherence to initial therapy (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 2.94; 95% CI, 1.31–6.13; P=.01), and children in the household (AOR, 1.17; 95% CI, 1.01–1.35 per child; P=.03). Of the 281 with positive posttreatment UBT results, 138 completed re-treatment, of whom 93 tested UBT negative at 1 year. Among the 1340 who had a 1-year UBT, 80.4% (95% CI, 76.4%–83.9%), 79.8% (95% CI, 75.8%–83.5%), and 77.8% (95% CI, 73.6%–81.6%) had UBT-negative results in the triple, sequential, and concomitant groups, respectively (P=.61), with 79.3% overall effectiveness (95% CI, 77.1%–81.5%). In a single-treatment course analysis that ignored the effects of re-treatment, the percentage of UBT-negative results at 1 year was 72.4% (95% CI, 69.9%–74.8%) and was significantly associated with study site (P<.001), adherence to initial therapy (AOR, 0.26; 95% CI, 0.15–0.42; P<.001), male sex (AOR, 1.63; 95% CI, 1.25–2.13; P<.001), and age (AOR, 1.14; 95% CI, 1.02–1.27 per decade; P=.02). One-year effectiveness among all 1463 enrolled participants, considering all missing UBT results as positive, was 72.7% (95% CI, 70.3%–74.9%). Conclusions and Relevance One year after treatment for H pylori infection, recurrence occurred in 11.5% of participants who had negative posttreatment UBT results. Recurrence determinants (ie, nonadherence and demographics) may be as important as specific antibiotic regimen in determining the long-term success of H pylori eradication interventions. Study findings are relevant to the feasibility of programs for the primary prevention of gastric cancer in high-incidence regions of Latin America. Trial Registration clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT01061437 PMID:23403682

Morgan, Douglas R.; Torres, Javier; Sexton, Rachael; Herrero, Rolando; Salazar-Martinez, Eduardo; Robert Greenberg, E.; Bravo, Luis Eduardo; Dominguez, Ricardo L.; Ferreccio, Catterina; Lazcano-Ponce, Eduardo C.; Meza-Montenegro, Maria Mercedes; Pena, Edgar M.; Pena, Rodolfo; Correa, Pelayo; Martinez, Maria Elena; Chey, William D.; Valdivieso, Manuel; Anderson, Garnet L.; Goodman, Gary E.; Crowley, John J.; Baker, Laurence H.

2013-01-01

438

Proceedings of the 2009 CERN-Latin-American School of High-Energy Physics, Recinto Quirama, Colombia, 15 - 28 March 2009  

E-print Network

The CERN-Latin-American School of High-Energy Physics is intended to give young physicists an introduction to the theoretical aspects of recent advances in elementary particle physics. These proceedings contain lectures on quantum field theory, quantum chromodynamics, physics beyond the Standard Model, neutrino physics, flavour physics and CP violation, particle cosmology, high-energy astro-particle physics, and heavy-ion physics, as well as trigger and data acquisition, and commissioning and early physics analysis of the ATLAS and CMS experiments. Also included are write-ups of short review projects performed by the student discussions groups.

C. Grojean; M. Spiropulu

2010-10-28

439

Africa, Roots and Pride for Afro-Americans. An Instructional Unit for High School Anthropology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This three to four-week high school anthropology unit examines the African heritage of black Americans. The unit was written for students in an inner city all black public high school. Objectives are to foster a sense of pride in black Americans' heritage, learn how black Americans can discover their roots, examine causes and consequences of the…

Campbell, Margaret H.

440

Persistent poverty among Africans Americans in the United States: the impact of public policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the persistent poverty that exists among African Americans in the United States. It explains why African Americans in the United States are much more likely to live and\\/or remain in poverty than any other population group. This study is based on the premise that the governmental system has affected African Americans through the use of public policies.

Daphne M Cooper

2011-01-01

441

Encouraging and Attracting Underrepresented Racial Minorities to the Field of Geosciences-A Latin American Graduate Student Perspective  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent studies have shown that interactions between same-race and same-gender faculty and graduate students are reported to have a greater impact on the future success of those students. In the same manner, I believe graduate students can play a pivotal role in training and attracting underrepresented racial minorities (URMs) at the high school and undergraduate level to pursue a career in geosciences. Working at Brown University for the last couple of years, I have been involved in a number of initiatives aimed at solidifying ties with the community. Most of my social work has revolved around mentoring underrepresented local minorities, as I feel that this area is where I can contribute the most. This year I began participating in the NSF funded Brown GK-12: "Physical Processes in the Environment" program. As a Latin American female graduate student in the geological sciences, I hope to teach the students-by example-that being a minority is not necessarily an obstacle, but rather an advantage that can offer a different, valuable point of view when pursuing their professional goals. I think that sharing part of my experiences and knowledge as a researcher with young minds contributes to the way they imagine themselves in the future, allowing them to believe that a career in science is within their reach and that higher education is a realistic option worth pursuing if they have the interest in doing so. From my short time as a graduate student, to have a greater impact in attracting URMs, it is critical to have the support of advisors and committee members. One must keep in mind that a graduate career is a time consuming commitment; therefore, it is necessary to undertake activities that will have the most impact on minority students in the short time available. The experience becomes even more effective if advisors are actively involved, particularly financially. Faculty advisors who can allocate funds to, for example support summer activities designed to involve URMs, are essentially leveraging funds because the overall return will be much greater than the initial investment.

Caballero Gill, R. P.; Herbert, T.

2010-12-01

442

Tuberculosis among American Indians of the contiguous United States.  

PubMed

Paleopathologic findings provide strong evidence for the existence of tuberculosis in Andean populations of pre-Columbian America. Indirect evidence is available also to suggest its possible endemicity among some American Indian tribes who lived within the present-day contiguous United States before the arrival of Europeans. The available data suggest that tuberculosis became a major health problem in some tribes with increased population density and cultural changes after increased contact with European civilization, paralleling the deterioration in living conditions after relocation of the tribes to reservations. By 1900, tuberculosis had become one of the most serious health problems among North American Indians. Tuberculosis control was hampered by the lack of a specific treatment, and only the advent of specific chemotherapy in an ambulatory setting brought a breakthrough. Mortality, morbidity, and risk of infection have all sharply decreased over the past three decades. However, tuberculosis incidence rates among American Indians remain well above rates in the white population. An intensified effort to identify those with tuberculosis and those at risk of tuberculosis as well as to develop compliance-enhancing strategies with treatment regimens will be necessary to eliminate tuberculosis from Indian reservations. PMID:2511601

Rieder, H L

1989-01-01

443

Considerations for Integrating Technology in Developing Communities in Latin America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses issues related to introducing new information and communication technologies (ICT) into Latin American countries. Latin American countries are gaining world focus with political changes such as the death of Hugo Chavez in Venezuela and the election of the first Latin American Pope. This region will host the World Cup,…

Ponte, Daniela Núñez; Cullen, Theresa A.

2013-01-01

444

Internet Resources for Latin America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This directory compiles information products and services and other resources pertaining to Latin America that were available on the Internet as of February 1996. Part 1 lists 15 World Wide Web (WWW) URLs that link to other subject or geographical lists of Internet sites providing Latin American resources. Part 2 lists approximately 115…

Molloy, Molly E., Comp.

445

North American Monetary Union: A United States Perspective  

E-print Network

Economics and Politics of a North American Monetary Union (Monetary Union,” North American Journal of Economics andMonetary Union: Analytical Principles and Operational Guidelines,” North American Journal of Economics and

COHEN, BENJAMIN J

2004-01-01

446

From the specificity of urban risks to the challenges of urban governance in Latin-American cities  

E-print Network

, or related with the kind of urban management. We can refer to contamination; to heat urban island... Here1 From the specificity of urban risks to the challenges of urban governance in Latin-spatial system. Risks are consistent with urbanization and metropolization processes. - In my first part, I

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

447

School Infrastructure and Resources Do Matter: Analysis of the Incidence of School Resources on the Performance of Latin American Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this investigation is to determine the incidence of school infrastructure and resources and its impact on the academic performance of primary education students in Latin America. A 4-level multilevel model was applied to the data of the Second Regional Comparative and Explanatory Study (SERCE) conducted by UNESCO, which researched…

Murillo, F. Javier; Roman, Marcela

2011-01-01

448

Update: Newsletter of the Outreach Services of the African, Asian, Latin American, and Russian Centers, No. 39, December, 1987.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four papers in this issue focus on population and urban growth in: (1) sub-Saharan Africa; (2) Latin America; (3) the Soviet Union; and (4) Japan and China. While each region has unique population features, similarities exist based on northern or southern hemisphere geographic locations and on a communist or non-communist political orientation.…

Update, 1987

1987-01-01

449

Environmental Health in the Latin American and Caribbean Region: Use of Water Storage Containers, Water Quality, and Community Perception  

Microsoft Academic Search

Water quality and availability are important issues in many developing countries where portions of populations still lack access to potable water. Throughout the English-speaking Caribbean and parts of Latin America, households and businesses invest in water supply systems even when they are connected to and pay for water services from a private or state owned provider. Inconsistent supplies of water

Erlande Omisca

2011-01-01

450

The SeroPrevalence of Antibodies to Trypanosoma cruzi in Latin American Refugees and Immigrants to Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Chagas’ disease is caused by infection with the protozoan agent Trypanosoma cruzi. An estimated sixteen to eighteen million people are infected in Latin America. Outside of endemic regions, Chagas’ disease may be transmitted through the transfusion of infected blood components, congenital infection and organ transplantation. We sought to determine the sero-prevalence of antibodies to T. cruzi in a community

L. S. Steele; D. W. MacPherson; J. Kim; J. S. Keystone; B. D. Gushulak

2007-01-01

451

The House, the Street, Global Society: Latin American Families and Childhood in the Twenty-First Century  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the colonial period (1492 to approximately 1826), children have constituted a large proportion of the population of Latin America, with approximately thirty to fifty percent under age twenty in the eighteenth century. Public health campaigns in the early twentieth century improved child survival rates and resulted in the substantial expansion of the proportion under age twenty by the 1960s.

Elizabeth Anne Kuznesof

2005-01-01

452

Disability-Free Life Expectancy: A Cross-National Comparison Among Bulgarian, Italian, and Latin American Older Population  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To present sociodemographic and health status harmonized variables constructed to evaluate cross-national differences in term of Disability Free Life Expectancy (DFLE) across different surveys. Method: The study comprises national surveys conducted in Bulgaria, Italy, and Latin America and the Caribbean. A homogeneous group of health determinants for the older population was created and the DFLE indicator based on Sullivan’s

Nadia Minicuci; Marianna Noale; Esther Maria León Díaz; Madelín Gómez León; Alessandra Andreotti; Margareta Mutafova

2011-01-01

453

The Platino project: methodology of a multicenter prevalence survey of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in major Latin American cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) in many developed countries appears to be increasing. There is some evidence from Latin America that COPD is a growing cause of death, but information on prevalence is scant. It is possible that, due to the high frequency of smoking in these countries, this disease may represent a major public health

Ana MB Menezes; Cesar G Victora; Rogelio Perez-Padilla

2004-01-01

454

Spain, The United States, and The American Frontier: Historias Paralelas  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Partnering with The National Library of Spain, The Biblioteca Columbina y Capitular of Seville, the Library of Congress has developed this fine collection of primary and secondary historical documents that explore the complex and multifaceted history of Spanish expansion into North America from Florida, Georgia, the Carolinas, and across most of what is now the modern-day American Southwest all the way north to Alaska. The site contains digital versions of numerous texts, maps, manuscripts, and first-hand accounts composed by different individuals. Some of the highlights include "La Florida del Inca," which is an account of the Hernando de Soto expedition through Florida and the southeastern part of North America, along with the "Notes of a Military Reconnoissance from Fort Leavenworth to San Diego," published in 1848 as a special report to the United States Congress. Appropriately enough, many of the documents are available in both English and Spanish, and are searchable by page number.

455

School infrastructure and resources do matter: analysis of the incidence of school resources on the performance of Latin American students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this investigation is to determine the incidence of school infrastructure and resources and its impact on the academic performance of primary education students in Latin America. A 4-level multilevel model was applied to the data of the Second Regional Comparative and Explanatory Study (SERCE) conducted by UNESCO, which researched 180,000 students in the 3rd and 6th grades

F. Javier Murillo; Marcela Román

2011-01-01

456

A cluster randomized controlled trial of a behavioral intervention to facilitate the development and implementation of clinical practice guidelines in Latin American maternity hospitals: the Guidelines Trial: Study protocol [ISRCTN82417627  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: A significant proportion of the health care administered to women in Latin American maternity hospitals during labor and delivery has been demonstrated to be ineffective or harmful, whereas effective interventions remain underutilized. The routine use of episiotomies and the failure to use active management of the third stage of labor are good examples. METHODS\\/DESIGN: The aim of this trial

Fernando Althabe; Pierre Buekens; Eduardo Bergel; José M Belizán; Nora Kropp; Linda Wright; Norman Goco; Nancy Moss

2005-01-01

457

Ethnicity, social class and health. A population-based study on the influence of social factors on self-reported illness in 223 Latin American refugees, 333 Finnish and 126 South European labour migrants and 841 Swedish controls  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article shows the influence of ethnicity and social class on self-rated illness compared with social factors and lifestyle. We were particularly interested in health differences between refugees and labour migrants. The study population consisted of 223 Latin American refugees domiciled in Lund, 333 Finnish and 126 South European labour migrants and 841 Swedish controls. The data were analysed unmatched

Jan Sundquist

1995-01-01

458

Development and application of rapid assessment diet and physical activity indexes, which suggest high consumption of energy-dense foods and inadequate exercise among adolescents from 6 Latin American cities: a pilot study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study describes the development and application of a rapid assessment diet quality index (RADQI) and a rapid assessment physical activity index (RAPAI) to characterize the energy intake and expenditure patterns of 1279 Latin American adolescents. Secondary aims were to describe the strength of the relationships of energy intakes and expenditures with sex, socioeconomic status, body mass index, and city

Laura H. McArthur; Donald Holbert; Manuel Peña

2008-01-01

459

Internationalizing the United States Survey Course: American History for a Global Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been an unmistakably more cosmopolitan approach to American history among scholars of the past two decades. This essay addresses the issue concerning the future of United States survey course as American history moves toward internationalization. Proponents of internationalization themselves disagree about the future of the United States…

Guarneri, Carl J.

2002-01-01

460

Spanish Colonial Settlement Development and colonial Latin  

E-print Network

reliance, and opportunity Sustainable development #12;Colonial Latin American development -- Spain cases #12;Latin American Political Independence · Political but not economic · 1810s-1820s protracted of Italian and Spanish labor by the millions · Innovations in land tenure in Argentina #12;Results

Lopez-Carr, David

461

Latin America: Intercultural Experiential Learning Aid.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This learning aid is intended to help Americans become more effective in understanding and communicating with Latin Americans. The book consists of the following: (1) a map of Latin America, with area and population statistics for the various countries; (2) a brief description of the land, the people, the economy, diet, religion, government,…

Brigham Young Univ., Provo, UT. Language Research Center.

462

E. LATUNDE ODEKU: THE FIRST AFRICAN-AMERICAN NEUROSURGEON TRAINED IN THE UNITED STATES  

Microsoft Academic Search

THE ADVANCES OF the Civil Rights movement in the mid-20th century and the suc- cess of the first African-American neurosurgeons trained at the Montreal Neurological Institute have led to a number of African-Americans receiving neurosurgery training within the United States. Unfortunately, the details regarding the first African-American neurosurgeon trained in the United States, E. Latunde Odeku, have largely remained in

Shearwood McClelland III; Kimbra S. Harris

2007-01-01

463

Immigrating to the US: What Brazilian, Latin American and Haitian Women Have to Say About Changes to Their Lifestyle That May be Associated with Obesity  

PubMed Central

Our goal was to explore the perceived determinants of obesity in Brazilian, Latin American and Haitian women. This is part of an ongoing community-based participatory intervention. Focus groups by immigrant group were conducted and themes extracted. Women expressed differences in beliefs, attitudes, and barriers regarding diet and physical activity in the US versus their home country. Participants thought food in the US is “less natural,” there is less time for preparation, and there is more variety. The weather is a barrier to physical activity in the US and work is more physically demanding. Job-related efforts were not considered physical activity. They reported higher levels of stress, less control of their time and less social support in the US. Providing immigrants with appropriate support and education early in the acculturation process has the potential to help prevent obesity. PMID:22736266

Tovar, Alison; Must, Aviva; Metayer, Nesly; Gute, David M.; Pirie, Alex; Hyatt, Raymond R.; Economos, Christina D.

2012-01-01

464

Immigrating to the US: what Brazilian, Latin American and Haitian women have to say about changes to their lifestyle that may be associated with obesity.  

PubMed

Our goal was to explore the perceived determinants of obesity in Brazilian, Latin American and Haitian women. This is part of an ongoing community-based participatory intervention. Focus groups by immigrant group were conducted and themes extracted. Women expressed differences in beliefs, attitudes, and barriers regarding diet and physical activity in the US versus their home country. Participants thought food in the US is "less natural," there is less time for preparation, and there is more variety. The weather is a barrier to physical activity in the US and work is more physically demanding. Job-related efforts were not considered physical activity. They reported higher levels of stress, less control of their time and less social support in the US. Providing immigrants with appropriate support and education early in the acculturation process has the potential to help prevent obesity. PMID:22736266

Tovar, Alison; Must, Aviva; Metayer, Nesly; Gute, David M; Pirie, Alex; Hyatt, Raymond R; Economos, Christina D

2013-04-01

465

The Transmission of US Shocks to Latin America  

Microsoft Academic Search

I study whether and how US shocks are transmitted to eight Latin American countries. US shocks are identified using the procedure of Canova and De Nicolo’ (2002) and treated as exogenous with respect to Latin American economies. Posterior estimates for individual and average effects are constructed. US Monetary shocks produce significant fluctuations in Latin America, but real demand and supply

Fabio Canova

2003-01-01

466

The transmission of US shocks to Latin America  

Microsoft Academic Search

I study whether and how US shocks are transmitted to eight Latin American countries. US shocks are identified using sign restrictions and treated as exogenous with respect to Latin American economies. Posterior estimates for individual and average effects are constructed. US monetary shocks produce significant fluctuations in Latin America, but real demand and supply shocks do not. Floaters and currency

Fabio Canova

2005-01-01

467

North African and Latin American parents' and adolescents' perceptions of physical discipline and physical abuse: when dysnormativity begets exclusion.  

PubMed

This research documents the cultural norms around physical discipline and physical abuse among immigrant parents and youth, and assesses the impact that perceived divergences in these norms have on the relation between the family and the outer social world. Interviews were conducted with 10 parents and 10 adolescents from North African Arab countries, and 10 parents and 10 adolescents from Latin America living in Canada. Results highlight that divergent discipline practices were perceived by participants as an important source of tension when they were accompanied with a demeaning image, projected by the host society onto the immigrant family. PMID:20695289

Hassan, Ghayda; Rousseau, Cécile

2009-01-01

468

The Asian American market for publishers in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

sian American fiction and non-fiction have slowly emerged as a prominent art of multicultural publishing. Scholarly and popular interest in Asian American work has led to an influx of literature and non-fiction in recent years. Programs in Asian American studies are today common throughout U.S. higher education. Despite the growing interest and popularity in this body of work, however, publishers

Mindy Okura; Jill Su

2003-01-01

469

Korean American parents' reconstruction of immigrant parenting in the United States.  

PubMed

The aim of this qualitative study was to explore 28 Korean American parents' perceptions of parenting. Interview data were audio taped, transcribed, and analyzed using content analysis. Themes that emerged were: Korean parenting constructed in Korea, European American parenting observed in the United States, and resulting reconstruction of Korean American parenting. The findings indicate that Korean American parents' perceptions of parenting are deeply rooted in the social contexts of where parents were brought up and where parents raise their children. These findings could be used to develop a culturally and linguistically competent parenting program for Korean American parents. PMID:23362693

Kim, Eunjung; Im, Haesang; Nahm, Eunyoung; Hong, Seunghye

2012-01-01

470

Native American Higher Education in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents a comprehensive history of higher education for American Indians. Following an introduction, chapter 2 covers the Colonial Period, from European contact to the establishment of the U.S. Government. Some of the earliest universities, most notably Harvard, Dartmouth, and William and Mary, specifically claimed to have had American

Carney, Cary Michael

471

Socioeconomic and Nutritional Factors Account for the Association of Gastric Cancer with Amerindian Ancestry in a Latin American Admixed Population  

PubMed Central

Gastric cancer is one of the most lethal types of cancer and its incidence varies worldwide, with the Andean region of South America showing high incidence rates. We evaluated the genetic structure of the population from Lima (Peru) and performed a case-control genetic association study to test the contribution of African, European, or Native American ancestry to risk for gastric cancer, controlling for the effect of non-genetic factors. A wide set of socioeconomic, dietary, and clinic information was collected for each participant in the study and ancestry was estimated based on 103 ancestry informative markers. Although the urban population from Lima is usually considered as mestizo (i.e., admixed from Africans, Europeans, and Native Americans), we observed a high fraction of Native American ancestry (78.4% for the cases and 74.6% for the controls) and a very low African ancestry (<5%). We determined that higher Native American individual ancestry is associated with gastric cancer, but socioeconomic factors associated both with gastric cancer and Native American ethnicity account for this association. Therefore, the high incidence of gastric cancer in Peru does not seem to be related to susceptibility alleles common in this population. Instead, our result suggests a predominant role for ethnic-associated socioeconomic factors and disparities in access to health services. Since Native Americans are a neglected group in genomic studies, we suggest that the population from Lima and other large cities from Western South America with high Native American ancestry background may be convenient targets for epidemiological studies focused on this ethnic group. PMID:22870209

Pereira, Latife; Zamudio, Roxana; Soares-Souza, Giordano; Herrera, Phabiola; Cabrera, Lilia; Hooper, Catherine C.; Cok, Jaime; Combe, Juan M.; Vargas, Gloria; Prado, William A.; Schneider, Silvana; Kehdy, Fernanda; Rodrigues, Maira R.; Chanock, Stephen J.; Berg, Douglas E.; Gilman, Robert H.; Tarazona-Santos, Eduardo

2012-01-01

472

Between Inflation and Recession: A Literacy Unit on the American Economic System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This four-week unit on the American economic system for secondary students is intended to be a basic literacy unit in economics and to serve as a "sampler kit" demonstrating how economics can be taught interestingly, imaginatively, and with intellectual honesty to the subject matter. The unit's goals for students include ability to list the major…

Lawrence, Sharon; And Others

473

Laboratory-Based Surveillance of Neisseria meningitidis Isolates from Disease Cases in Latin American and Caribbean Countries, SIREVA II 2006-2010  

PubMed Central

Background Published data on the epidemiology of meningococcal disease in Latin America and the Caribbean region is scarce and, when available, it is often published in Spanish and/or in non-peer-reviewed journals, making it difficult for the international scientific community to have access. Methods Laboratory data on 4,735 Neisseria meningitidis strains was collected and reported by the National Reference Laboratories in 19 Latin American countries and the Caribbean Epidemiology Centre (CAREC) between 2006 and 2010 as part of the work carried out by the SIREVA II network. Serogroup and MIC to penicillin, rifampin and chloramphenicol were determined. Results Isolates were mainly obtained from patients <5 years, but each year around 25% of isolates came from adult patients. Serogroup distribution was highly variable among countries. Serogroup C was the main cause of disease in Brazil; the majority of disease seen in the Southern cone was caused by serogroup B, but serogroup W135 strains have increased in recent years. In the Andean and Mexico, Central America and Caribbean regions, serogroups B and C were equally present, and serogroup Y was frequently isolated. Isolates were generally susceptible to chloramphenicol, penicillin and rifampin, but almost 60% of isolates characterized in Southern cone countries presented intermediate resistance to penicillin. Five rifampin-resistant isolates have been isolated in Uruguay and Brazil. Conclusions Serogroup distribution is highly variable among countries, but some geographic structuring can be inferred from these data. Epidemiological and laboratory data are scarce among Andean and Mexico, Central America and Caribbean countries. Evaluation and implementation of corrective measures on disease surveillance and reporting systems and the implementation of molecular diagnostic techniques and molecular characterization on meningococcal isolates are advised. PMID:22952888

Ibarz-Pavon, Ana Belen; Lemos, Ana Paula; Gorla, Maria Cecilia; Regueira, Mabel; Gabastou, Jean-Marc

2012-01-01

474

1973 ATLAS Curriculum Guide for Mexican-American and Puerto Rican Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide, developed by the Association of Teachers of Latin American Studies, provides an interdisciplinary, inquiry-oriented approach to Mexican-American and Puerto Rican Studies. Unit one contains a list of cognitive and affective objectives and evaluation suggestions. Units two through six provide content materials and include a…

Association of Teachers of Latin American Studies, Brooklyn, NY.

475

China’s Emergence in the World Economy and Business Cycles in Latin America  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates how changes in trade linkages between China, Latin America, and the rest of the world have altered the transmission of international business cycles to Latin America. Evidence based on a GVAR model for five large Latin American economies shows that the long-term impact of a China GDP shock on the typical Latin American economy has increased by

Ambrogio Cesa-Bianchi; M. Hashem Pesaran; Alessandro Rebucci; TengTeng Xu

2011-01-01

476

Evolution of Framingham cardiovascular risk score in HIV-infected patients initiating EFV- and LPV/r-based HAART in a Latin American cohort  

PubMed Central

Introduction Epidemiological studies suggest that some antiretroviral drugs may contribute to increase cardiovascular risk in HIV-infected patients. However, data from Latin American countries are limited, as impact of HAART on cardiovascular risk remains understudied. In this context, we aimed to evaluate if 10-year Framingham Cardiovascular Risk Score (FCRS) increases in patients following exposure to EFV- and LPV/r-based HAART in a Latin American cohort. Materials and Methods Retrospective 48-week cohort study. We reviewed clinical charts of randomly selected samples of patients initiating (according to national guidelines) EFV first-line HAART and LPV/r first- or second-line (but first PI-based) HAART assisted at a reference HIV centre in Buenos Aires, Argentina (period 2004–2012). Each patient could only be included in one arm. FCRS was calculated according to National Institutes of Health risk assessment tool (http://cvdrisk.nhlbi.nih.gov/). Results A total of 357 patients were included: 249 in EFV arm and 108 in LPV/r arm (80 as first line and 28 as second line, but first PI-based HAART). Baseline characteristics (median, interquartile range): age, 38 (33–45) years; male, 247 (69%); viral load, 98200 (20550–306000) copies/mL; CD4 T-cell count, 115 (60–175) cel/µL; total cholesterol, 159 (135–194) mg/dL; HDL: 39 (31–41) mg/dL; LDL: 94 (72–123) mg/dL; current smoker, 29%; on antihypertensive drugs: 14 (4%), diabetic: 4 (1%). Most frequent accompanying nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) were 3TC (92%) and zidovudine (AZT; 76%). Baseline FCRS was low, moderate and high for 93%, 7% and 0% of patients on EFV arm and 96.7%, 1.7% and 1.7% on LPV/r arm. On EFV arm, an increase in FCRS category (low to moderate or moderate to high) was observed in 1 patient (0.9%) at 24 weeks and 6 (5,6%) at 48 weeks; 5 (4.7%) decreased category. On LPV/r arm no one varied FCRS category at 24 weeks and 2 (3.4%) increased from low to moderate at 48 weeks (no patient decreased FCRS category). Cumulative incidence of overall cardiovascular events was 1.6% on EFV and 1.8% on LPV/r arms respectively. Probability of increasing FCRS category or having a cardiovascular event did not differ between arms at a significance level of 5%. Conclusions Probability of increasing FCRS category and cardiovascular events was low and similar in patients exposed to EFV versus LPV/r-based HAART in a Latin American cohort. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01705873. PMID:25394054

Cecchini, Diego; Ines Mattioli, Maria; Cassetti, Julia; Chan, Debora; Cassetti, Isabel

2014-01-01

477

Modeling and Mapping Abundance of American Woodcock Across the Midwestern and Northeastern United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

We used an over-dispersed Poisson regression with fixed and random effects, fitted by Markov chain Monte Carlo methods, to model population spatial patterns of relative abundance of American woodcock (Scolopax minor) across its breeding range in the United States. We predicted North American woodcock Singing Ground Survey counts with a log-linear function of explanatory variables describing habitat, year effects, and

WAYNE E. THOGMARTIN; JOHN R. SAUER; MELINDA G. KNUTSON

2007-01-01

478

University Requirements Writing, Rhetoric & American Culture (WRA) -http://www.msu.edu/unit/wrac/  

E-print Network

requirement: WRA 110: Writing: Science and Technology WRA 140: Writing: Women in America WRA 115: Writing: Law9 University Requirements Writing, Rhetoric & American Culture (WRA) - http://www.msu.edu/unit/wrac/ WRA stands for Writing, Rhetoric & American Culture. Courses in WRA satisfies the Tier One writing

479

An American Nightmare: From Slavery to Mass Imprisonment in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

The enslavement of African Americans in the United States has not ended. Rather, legal slavery has taken on newer, modified and more subtle forms which are equally destructive to the African American community. This issue can only be properly addressed through the wide lens of history, for such a perspective is imperative to understanding the overarching mechanisms and processes that

Randeep Singh Chauhan

480

Mental Health Services for Native Americans in the 21st Century United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the population of American Indians and Alaska Natives continues to expand in the 21st century United States, an increasing number of professional psychologists will be called upon to provide culturally appropriate mental health services for Native American people and their communities. This article provides a general overview of contemporary tribal America before describing the legal, political, and institutional contexts

Joseph P. Gone

2004-01-01

481

Espionage Against the United States by American Citizens 1947-2001.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Analyses of 150 cases of espionage against the United States by American citizens between 1947 and 2001 provide detailed data on the demographic and employment characteristics of American spies, on the means and methods they used to commit espionage, on t...

K. L. Herbig, M. F. Wiskoff

2002-01-01

482

Effects observed in the Latin American sector ionospheric F region during the intense geomagnetic disturbances in the early part of November 2004  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Sun was very active in the early part of November 2004. During the period of 8-10 November 2004, intense geomagnetic disturbances with two superstorms were observed. In this paper, we have investigated the generation and suppression of equatorial ionospheric irregularities and the daytime changes in the F region electron density in the Latin American sector during the period of intense geomagnetic disturbances. We present the ionospheric sounding observations carried out at Manaus and Sao Jose dos Campos, Brazil, during this geomagnetically disturbed period. Also, GPS observations obtained from several stations in Brazil, Argentina, and St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands, during the disturbed period are presented. During the main phase of the first superstorm, around the prereversal enhancement time (night of 7-8 November), prompt penetration of electric field was observed and the presence of equatorial ionospheric irregularities was detected from St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands (in the northern hemisphere) to Bahia Blanca, Argentina (in the southern hemisphere). The ionospheric sounding observations at Manaus indicate inhibition of prereversal enhancement on the nights of 9-10 and 10-11 November, possibly due to the disturbed thermospheric winds or disturbance electric fields. Virtually no phase fluctuations on the nights of 9-10 and 10-11 November were observed in the Latin American sector. During the daytime on 8 November, the vertical total electron content (VTEC) observations show a negative storm phase at Porto Alegre (Brazil) and Bahia Blanca (Argentina). Again during the daytime on 10 November, the VTEC observations show a negative storm phase from Brasilia (Brazil) to Bahia Blanca. These negative storm phases are associated with a decrease in the O/N2 ratio. During the daytime on 9 November, the VTEC observations show a positive storm phase extending from St. Croix to Porto Alegre, and again on 10 November, VTEC observations show a positive storm phase. These positive storm phases observed are possibly due to changes in large-scale wind circulation and an increase in the O/N2 ratio.

Sahai, Y.; Becker-Guedes, F.; Fagundes, P. R.; de Jesus, R.; de Abreu, A. J.; Paxton, L. J.; Goncharenko, L. P.; Brunini, C.; Gende, M.; Ferreira, A. S.; Lima, N. S.; Guarnieri, F. L.; Pillat, V. G.; Bittencourt, J. A.; Candido, C. M. N.

2009-03-01

483

New man/new image culture/communication and Latin America identity  

E-print Network

This work attempts to present the development of a new self-image of Latin American identity as manifested in the New Latin American Cinema Movement. Also, it attempts to help articulate intentions, strategies, and final ...

Mercado Cardona, Joaquin O

1981-01-01

484

[Ruling of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, the Case of Artavia Murillo et al (in vitro fertilization) v. Costa Rica; new hopes for the reproductive freedom in Latin America].  

PubMed

Modern reproductive technology has not been completely accepted and, especially in-vitro fertilization, IVF has generated serious social, political and legal controversies in Latin America. We may distinguish two trends that show us the oppositions; on one hand, the primacy of the embryo's live and its protection during artificial reproductive process and on the other, the primacy of liberal access to assisted reproduction techniques. The debate came to the fore, after a ruling by the Costa Rica's Constitutional Chamber who banned de IVF in 2000. The damaged couples after fulfilling the process toward the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, present a petition to the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. The Court's sentence and its arguments will be the subject of these comments as well that will allow to considered that both of them should be considered as a very important step towards the construction of a secular liberal vision over the assisted reproduction in Latin America. PMID:24340830

Brena, Ingrid

2013-01-01

485

Perception of Tobacco use Prevention and Cessation Among Faculty Members in Latin American and Caribbean Dental Schools.  

PubMed

Rates of tobacco use are increasing in the regions of Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). Unfortunately, tobacco cessation education is not a standard component of the dental curriculum in LAC dental schools. The objective of this study was to identify the perceptions of LAC dental faculty members regarding the tobacco use prevention and cessation (TUPAC) competencies that should be addressed in the dental curricula. Dental deans and faculty completed a web-based questionnaire in Spanish, Portuguese, French, or English. The questionnaire contained 32 competencies grouped into the five A's (Ask, Advise, Assess, Assist, and Arrange) of tobacco cessation and six supplementary questions for identifying barriers to providing TUPAC education to dental students. Respondents indicated the degree to which they believed each competency should be incorporated into the dental curricula using a five-point Likert scale ("1"?=?strongly disagree to "5"?=?strongly agree). Responses were obtained from 390 faculty members (66 % South America, 18 % Mexico/Central America, 16 % the Caribbean). Of the respondents, 2, 12, and 83 % reported that smoking was allowed in clinical environments, other indoor environments, and outdoor environments of their dental schools, respectively. Mean importance ratings for each of the competencies were as follows: Ask (4.71), Advise (4.54), Assess (4.41), Assist (4.07), and Arrange (4.01). Overall, LAC dental educators agree that TUPAC training should be incorporated into the dental curricula. Assist and Arrange competencies were rated lower, relative to other competencies. Tobacco use among dental educators and high rates of on-campus smoking could potentially pose barriers to promoting cessation interventions in the LAC dental schools. PMID:24385339

Tamí-Maury, Irene; Aigner, Carrie J; Hong, Judy; Strom, Sara; Chambers, Mark S; Gritz, Ellen R

2014-12-01

486

Energy efficiency business options for industrial end users in Latin American competitive energy markets: The case of Colombia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Energy markets today in Latin America and worldwide are being restructured from monopolies, either state-owned or privately-owned, to be more openly competitive and incorporate more participation from the private sector. Thus, the schemes that were formerly developed to foster end use energy efficiency are no longer applicable because they were based on mandatory regulations made with political decisions, without sufficiently considering economic feasibility. A consensus exists that the only way energy efficiency could survive in this new paradigm is by being market oriented, giving better services, and additional options to users. However; there is very little information on what end users prefer, and which options would most satisfy customers. Using Colombia as a case study, this research determines and categorizes the energy efficiency business options for large energy end users that can freely participate in the competitive energy market. The energy efficiency market is understood as a market of services aiming to increase efficiency in energy use. These services can be grouped into seven business options. A survey, following the descriptive method, was sent to energy end users in order to determine their preferences for specific energy efficiency business options, as well as the decision-making criteria taken into account for such options. This data was categorized in ten industry groups. As a conclusion, energy efficiency providers should adapt not only to the economic activity or processes of each customer, but also to the potential business options. It was also found that not all industries consider performance contracting as their most preferred option, as a matter of fact, some industries show much higher preference for conventional business options. Among end users, the divergence in option preferences contrasted with the convergence in decision-making criteria. The decision-making criteria "cost-benefit ratio" overwhelmed all other criterion. End users appear to chose a specific energy efficiency option based mostly on obtaining better economic returns, giving low consideration to other criterion that feature differences among the energy efficiency options.

Botero, Sergio

2002-01-01

487

A Teaching Guide and Experience Units K-12. Social Studies. Grade Six.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The unit experiences for the K-12 curriculum, including these for grade 6, are outlined in SO 001 139. These units include the study of the culture, history, geography, and economics of regions of Latin American and Canada. Again, the emphasis for both grade 5 and grade 6 is twofold: 1) to know his American heritage, as well as to become aware of…

Arapahoe County School District 6, Littleton, CO.