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1

America = Las Americas. Canada, United States, Mexico.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Written for teachers to use with migrant children in elementary grades and to highlight the many Americas, three magazines provide historical and cultural background information on Canada, the United States, and Mexico and feature biographies of Black and Hispanic leaders. Each edition has a table of contents indicating the language--Spanish…

Toro, Leonor; And Others

2

America = Las Americas. Canada, United States, Mexico.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written for teachers to use with migrant children in elementary grades and to highlight the many Americas, three magazines provide historical and cultural background information on Canada, the United States, and Mexico and feature biographies of Black and Hispanic leaders. Each edition has a table of contents indicating the language--Spanish…

Toro, Leonor; And Others

3

MUEBLES RUSTICOS IN MEXICO AND THE UNITED STATES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sales of muebles rtsticos, or rustic wooden furniture made in Mexico, have grown rapidly in the United States since 1994. Analysis of the recent rise of the industry tracks manu- facturing and marketing methods in major production areas of Mexico. Consumer taste for \\

JOHN HARNER

4

United States and Mexico: The Neglected Relationship.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Mexico is in a violent struggle for existence. Powerful Mexican drug cartels use narco-terrorism to undermine Mexican efforts to reform governance and reestablish internal security. The violence routinely affects U.S. border cities and threatens to expand...

J. Blankenbaker

2009-01-01

5

Illegal Migration from Mexico to the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, I selectively review recent literature on illegal migration from Mexico to the United States. I begin by discussing methods for estimating stocks and flows of illegal migrants. While there is uncertainty about the size of the unauthorized population, new data sources make it possible to examine the composition of legal and illegal populations and the time-series covariates

Gordon H. Hanson

2006-01-01

6

Transboundry air pollution along the United States - Mexico Border  

SciTech Connect

Data from the four border state agencies in the United States (Arizona Department of Health Services, California Air Resources Board, New Mexico Health and Environment Department and Texas Air Control Board) plus the Subsecretaria de Mejoramiento Del Ambiente and its successor Secretaria de Desarrollo Urbano y Ecologia in Mexico have been gathered for the past 20 years. In addition, county and city agencies in the United States plus universities in both countries have contributed data for various periods of time. These data are stored in a data bank at the University of Texas at El Paso and updated periodically. This paper is a distillation of the above data. Transfrontier air pollution has been documented only in El Paso/Cd. Juarez and San Diego/Tijuana along the southern border of the united states. Health effects have been documented only in El Paso/Cd. Juarez.

Applegate, H.G.

1984-01-01

7

19 CFR 123.65 - Domestic baggage transiting Canada or Mexico between ports in the United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Domestic baggage transiting Canada or Mexico between ports in the United States...TREASURY CUSTOMS RELATIONS WITH CANADA AND MEXICO Baggage § 123.65 Domestic baggage transiting Canada or Mexico between ports in the United States....

2009-04-01

8

Development of Water Quality Analyses for the Shared Waters of the United States and Mexico.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) Office of Wastewater Management initiated this project, entitled Development of Integrated Water Quality Analyses for the Shared Waters of the United States and Mexico (U.S.-Mexico Shared Waters), to supp...

2005-01-01

9

Globalization and Health at the United States-Mexico Border  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We studied the impact of globalization on the making of health policy. Globalization is understood as economic interdependence among nations. The North American Free Trade Agreement is used as a marker to assess the effects of economic interdependence on binational health cooperation along the United States–Mexico border. Methods. We observed participants and conducted in-depth interviews with policymakers, public health specialists, representatives of professional organizations, and unions. Results. Globalization has not promoted binational health policy cooperation. Barriers that keep US and Mexican policymakers apart prevail while health problems that do not recognize international borders go unresolved. Conclusions. If international health problems are to be solved, political, cultural, and social interdependence need to be built with the same impetus by which policymakers promote international trade.

Homedes, Nuria; Ugalde, Antonio

2003-01-01

10

Pensando en Cynthia y su Hermana: Educational Implications of United States-Mexico Transnationalism for Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We use 3 brief educational biographies of students in Mexico who have previously attended public school in the United States to introduce this literature review on United States-Mexico transnational students. This article is also the first of several planned articles stemming from a currently ongoing, Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y…

Hamann, Edmund T.; Zuniga, Victor; Garcia, Juan Sanchez

2006-01-01

11

Family reunification or point-based immigration system? The case of the United States and Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the immigration policy in the United States is mainly oriented to family reunification, in Australia, Canada and the United Kingdom. it is a points-based immigration system which main objective is to attract high skilled immigrants. This paper compares both immigration policies through the transition for the United States and Mexico. I find that: (i) the point system increases the

2011-01-01

12

Guide to Federal Regulation of Sales of Imported Electricity in Canada, Mexico, and the United States.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This 'Guide to Federal Regulation of Sales of Imported Electricity in Canada, Mexico, and the United States' is intended to inform national energy departments, regulators, and other interested parties, and promote cross-border electricity trade.

2005-01-01

13

Mexico: Its Economic, Political and Social Situation and Its Implications for the United States.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

There may not be any integrative agreements formally binding the United States and Mexico together, but a great deal of interdependency -an invisible integration - does exist between them. The two countries are indeed interdependent, an interdependency th...

J. H. Ojeda

1991-01-01

14

Revision of the Genus 'Amblycerus' of the United States and Mexico (Coleoptera: Bruchidae: Amblycerinae).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A key to species and descriptions are presented for 40 species of the genus Amblycerus of the United States and Mexico. New species atkinsoni, cuernavacensis, chiapas, evangelinae, guerrerensis, hespenheidei, ireriae, mariae, and veracruz are described. A...

J. Romero C. D. Johnson J. M. Kingsolver

1996-01-01

15

Voices from La Frontera: Study of School Districts along the United States/Mexico Border.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School board associations in California, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas jointly commissioned this report to identify common issues in K-12 education along the United States/Mexico border. Surveys returned from 206 school districts within 100 miles of the border indicate that this is a diverse and historically impoverished region with a growing…

WestEd, San Francisco, CA.

16

The Changing Profile of Mexican Migrants to the United States: New Evidence from California and Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using recent data from southern California and Mexico we challenge the notion that the demographic profile of post-1970 Mexican migrants to the United States has remained constant. We find that more recent cohorts of migrants: (1) are more likely to settle permanently in the United States, (2) have higher proportions of females, (3) are younger, (4) have higher educational attainment,

Wayne A. Cornelius; Enrico A. Marcelli

2000-01-01

17

Gender and Economic Change in the United States and Mexico, 1900-2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates the relationship between changing gender definitions and eco- nomic development in the United States and Mexico over the course of a century. On the basis of historical research and fieldwork, the author highlights the role played by the national state in both countries in defining the proper ambit and behavior of men and women. She maintains that

P. Fernandez-Kelly

2008-01-01

18

A Comparison of Food Assistance Programs in Mexico and the United States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Economic Research Service of the United States Department of Agriculture presents this 35-page report, which considers the similarities and differences between targeted food assistance programs in the United States and Mexico. The United States, for example, relies completely on household targeting in order to distribute food assistance benefits, while Mexico uses a combination of household and geographic targeting. The study also found that food assistance programs had a much greater effect on the extent of poverty in the US than in Mexico, mainly due to the fact that "a much higher percentage of eligible households received benefits from food assistance in the United States." The report closely examines major food assistance programs in both countries, including LICONSA, DICONA, and FIDELIST in Mexico, and the Food Stamp Program, WIC, National School Lunch and Breakfast programs, and Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations in the US. The study also concluded that because poverty in the US is concentrated in specific geographic areas, such as Appalachia, on Indian reservations, and in the rural deep South, the US might benefit from using Mexico's geographic methods of distributing food assistance.

19

Neighbors - Mexico and the United States: wetbacks and oil  

SciTech Connect

This book provides a good description and history of Mexico-US relations, with its emphasis on oil and immigration. Sprightly in tone, and realistic, the book recognizes the considerable ambivalence on both sides. Partly because human resources resist alteration, it is therefore best to assume that without some extraordinary measures, there will be no revolutionary change in economic relations between Mexico and the US. But incremental changes may someday add up.

Shafer, R.J.; Mabry, D.

1982-01-01

20

Economic opportunity in mexico and return migration from the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

I analyze the influence of the economic characteristics of origin area on trip duration for Mexican migrants in the United\\u000a States. I argue that migrants from economically dynamic areas in Mexico with favorable opportunities for employment and small\\u000a capital investment have a larger incentive to stay in the United States longer and to withstand the psychic costs of separation\\u000a from

David P. Lindstrom

1996-01-01

21

An Examination of Accounting Education in Mexico and the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to gain a better understanding of accounting education in Mexico and the United States, this study examines how differences in the countries’ business culture, economic history and financial market structure affect accounting education at the university level. A literature review was first conducted of each country’s economic history, business culture, and capital markets. This review then served as

Jaime Eastman

2009-01-01

22

Mexico and The United States: A New Relationship in the Making.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The bilateral relationship between Mexico and the United States has been hard and complex during most of its history. The two countries have developed different patterns of society. One is rich; the other not. They have different models of social organiza...

B. Medina

1993-01-01

23

Directory of Physics & Astronomy Faculties 1968-1969, United States, Canada, Mexico.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This directory is the tenth edition published by the American Institute of Physics listing colleges and universities which offer degree programs in physics, astronomy and astrophysics, and the staff members who teach the courses. Institutions in the United States, Canada, and Mexico are indexed separately, both geographically and alphabetically.…

Barisch, Sylvia

24

Globalization and Resistance in the United States and Mexico: The Global Potemkin Village.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explores resistance to globalization through an analysis of three movements in which university students played pivotal roles: the student strike at the National Autonomous University of Mexico, global trade protests, and the graduate student union movement in the United States. Reveals how anti-globalization rhetoric deriving from the three…

Rhoads, Robert A.

2003-01-01

25

SHARING WATER INTERNATIONALLY, PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE—MEXICO AND THE UNITED STATES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conflicts over the sharing of the Rio Grande\\/Rio Bravo and Colorado Rivers between the United States and Mexico are usually understood in spatial terms. In this paper we argue for the need to add a temporal horizon. A larger historical context will reveal that water management, including water allocation and river politics, has always been influenced by larger social-political and

JOHN M. DONAHUE; Y U N IVE; IRENE J. KLAVER

26

Directory of Physics & Astronomy Faculties 1968-1969, United States, Canada, Mexico.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This directory is the tenth edition published by the American Institute of Physics listing colleges and universities which offer degree programs in physics, astronomy and astrophysics, and the staff members who teach the courses. Institutions in the United States, Canada, and Mexico are indexed separately, both geographically and alphabetically.…

Barisch, Sylvia

27

Border Crossings: Undocumented Migration between Mexico and the United States in Contemporary Young Adult Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study identifies patterns in 11 English language young adult novels from the past three decades (1981-2011) which depict undocumented migration between Mexico and the United States. The increase in YA novels on this topic demonstrates rising public concern. These books offer sympathetic identification with border crossing youth. Eight of the…

Cummins, Amy

2013-01-01

28

Comparison of Food Assistance Programs in Mexico and the United States.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The social safety nets in Mexico and the United States rely heavily on food assistance programs to ensure food security and access to safe and nutritious foods. To achieve these general goals, both countries' programs are exclusively paid for out of inter...

B. Kuhn C. Gundersen C. Valdez M. Yanez

2000-01-01

29

Planning Responds to Gender Violence: Evidence from Spain, Mexico and the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Urban planning has been largely ineffective in addressing urban violence and particularly slow in responding to gender violence. This paper explores the public and private divide, structural inequalities, and issues of ethnicity and citizenship, in terms of their planning implications for gender violence. Drawing on evidence from Spain, Mexico and the United States, it examines how economic and social planning

Elizabeth L. Sweet; Sara Ortiz Escalante

2010-01-01

30

Mexican Entrepreneurship: A Comparison of Self-Employment in Mexico and the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nearly a quarter of Mexico's workforce is self employed. In the United States, however, rates of self employment among Mexican Americans are only 6 percent, about half the rate among non-Latino whites. Using data from the Mexican and U.S. population census, we show that neither industrial composition nor differences in the age and education of Mexican born populations residing in

Robert W. Fairlie; Christopher Woodruff

2006-01-01

31

A Cross-Cultural Investigation of Leadership in the United States and Mexico.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study reports the administration of the Leadership Practices Inventory (LPI) (J. Kouzes and B. Posner, 1995) to 28 graduate students in educational administration at a university in the Southwest of the United States and 28 students at a university in Mexico. The limitations of this quantitative measure are examined, and comparisons of…

Slater, Charles L.; Boone, Mike; Price, Larry; Martinez, Dyanna; Alvarez, Isaias; Topete, Carlos; Olea, Elia

32

On the auspices of female migration from Mexico to the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we examine the circumstances and determinants of female migration between Mexico and the United States. Using data from the Mexican Migration Project, we considered the relative timing of males’ and females’ moves northward. We then estimated logit and probit models to study the determinants of male and female out-migration; among women we also estimated a multinomial logit

Marcela Cerrutti; Douglas S. Massey

2001-01-01

33

Growth of Migrant Remittances from the United States to Mexico, 1990-2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Migrant remittances from the United States to Mexico have grown at an impressive rate in recent years. Using a decomposition technique, I attribute the growth in remittances, for the 1990-2004 period and subperiods within it, to a migration effect, a remitting propensity effect and an average amount effect. Results show that while migration growth…

Sana, Mariano

2008-01-01

34

Illegal Immigration: Is the Use of Military Force in Policing the United states' Border with Mexico a Viable Option.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Illegal immigration across the United States' borders, in particular the Southern Border with Mexico, has been a continual problem confronting our local, state and national political decision makers. Over the years, numerous attempts at quelling this ille...

D. Lopez

2001-01-01

35

International Migration, Self-Selection, and the Distribution of Wages: Evidence from Mexico and the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we use the 1990 Mexico and U.S. population censuses to examine who migrates from Mexico to the United States and how the performance of these individuals compares to those who remain in Mexico. This approach allows us to test, using data from a migrant-sending country, Borjas' negative-selection hypothesis that in poor countries individuals with the greatest incentive

Daniel Chiquiar; Gordon H. Hanson

2005-01-01

36

Perspectives on Safety and Health among Migrant and Seasonal Farmworkers in the United States and Mexico: A Qualitative Field Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Context: A large number of hired farmworkers in the United States come from Mexico. Understanding safety and health concerns among the workers is essential to improving prevention programs. Purpose: The purpose of this pilot study was to obtain detailed information about safety and health concerns of hired farmworkers in Colorado and in Mexico.…

Stallones, Lorann; Acosta, Martha S. Vela; Sample, Pat; Bigelow, Philip; Rosales, Monica

2009-01-01

37

Effects of Climate Change on Freshwater Ecosystems of the South-Eastern United States and the Gulf Coast of Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

The south-eastern United States and Gulf Coast of Mexico is physiographically diverse, although dominated by a broad coastal plain. Much of the region has a humid, warm temperate climate with little seasonality in precipitation but strong seasonality in runoff owing to high rates of summer evapotranspiration. The climate of southern Florida and eastern Mexico is subtropical with a distinct summer

Patrick J. Mulholland; G. Ronnie Best; Charles C. Coutant; George M. Hornberger; Judy L. Meyer; Peter J. Robinson; John R. Stenberg; R. Eugene Turner; Francisco Vera-Herrera; Robert G. Wetzel

1997-01-01

38

Declining Return Migration From the United States to Mexico in the Late2000s Recession: A Research Note  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers in the United States and Mexico have variously asserted that return migration from the United States to Mexico\\u000a increased substantially, remained unchanged, or declined slightly in response to the 2008–2009 U.S. recession and fall 2008\\u000a global financial crisis. The present study addresses this debate using microdata from 2005 through 2009 from a large-scale,\\u000a quarterly Mexican household survey, the National

Michael S. Rendall; Peter Brownell; Sarah Kups

2011-01-01

39

United States-Mexico Border Diabetes Prevalence Survey: lessons learned from implementation of the project.  

PubMed

This paper reviews and discusses the main procedures and policies that need to be followed when designing and implementing a binational survey such as the United States of America (U.S.)-Mexico Border Diabetes Prevalence Study that took place between 2001 and 2002. The main objective of the survey was to determine the prevalence of diabetes in the population 18 years of age or older along U.S.-Mexico border counties and municipalities. Several political, administrative, financial, legal, and cultural issues were identified as critical factors that need to be considered when developing and implementing similar binational projects. The lack of understanding of public health practices, implementation of existing policies, legislation, and management procedures in Mexico and the United States may delay or cancel binational research, affecting the working relation of both countries. Many challenges were identified: multiagency/multifunding, ethical/budget clearances, project management, administrative procedures, laboratory procedures, cultural issues, and project communications. Binational projects are complex; they require coordination between agencies and institutions at federal, state, and local levels and between countries and need a political, administrative, bureaucratic, cultural, and language balance. Binational agencies and staff should coordinate these projects for successful implementation. PMID:20963261

de Cosío, Federico G; Díaz-Apodaca, Beatriz A; Ruiz-Holguín, Rosalba; Lara, Agustín; Castillo-Salgado, Carlos

2010-09-01

40

Stress direction history of the western United States and Mexico since 85 Ma  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A data set of 369 paleostress direction indicators (sets of dikes, veins, or fault slip vectors) is collected from previous compilations and the geologic literature. Like contemporary data, these stress directions show great variability, even over short distances. Therefore statistical methods are helpful in deciding which apparent variations in space or in time are significant. First, the interpolation technique of Bird and Li [1996] is used to interpolate stress directions to a grid of evenly spaced points in each of seventeen 5-m.y. time steps since 85 Ma. Then, a t test is used to search for stress direction changes between pairs of time windows whose sense can be determined with some minimum confidence. Available data cannot resolve local stress provinces, and only the broadest changes affecting country-sized regions are reasonably certain. During 85-50 Ma, the most compressive horizontal stress azimuth $\\hat \\sigma $1H was fairly constant at ~68° (United States) to 75° (Mexico). During 50-35 Ma, both counterclockwise stress changes (in the Pacific Northwest) and clockwise stress changes (from Nevada to New Mexico) are seen, but only locally and with about 50% confidence. A major stress azimuth change by ~90° occurred at 33 +/- 2 Ma in Mexico and at 30 +/- 2 Ma in the western United States. This was probably an interchange between $\\hat \\sigma $1 and $\\hat \\sigma $3 caused by a decrease in horizontal compression and/or an increase in vertical compression. The most likely cause was the rollback of horizontally subducting Farallon slab from under the southwestern United States and northwest Mexico, which was rapid during 35-25 Ma. After this transition, a clockwise rotation of principal stress axes by 36°-48° occurred more gradually since 22 Ma, affecting the region between latitudes 28°N and 41°N. This occurred as the lengthening Pacific/North America transform boundary gradually added dextral shear on northwest striking planes to the previous stress field of SW-NE extension.

Bird, Peter

2002-06-01

41

United States-Mexico cross-border health insurance initiatives: Salud Migrante and Medicare in Mexico.  

PubMed

While U.S. health care reform will most likely reduce the overall number of uninsured Mexican-Americans, it does not address challenges related to health care coverage for undocumented Mexican immigrants, who will remain uninsured under the measures of the reform; documented low-income Mexican immigrants who have not met the five-year waiting period required for Medicaid benefits; or the growing number of retired U.S. citizens living in Mexico, who lack easy access to Medicare-supported services. This article reviews two promising binational initiatives that could help address these challenges-Salud Migrante and Medicare in Mexico; discusses their prospective applications within the context of U.S. health care reform; and identifies potential challenges to their implementation (legal, political, and regulatory), as well as the possible benefits, including coverage of uninsured Mexican immigrants, and their integration into the U.S. health care system (through Salud Migrante), and access to lower-cost Medicare-supported health care for U.S. retirees in Mexico (Medicare in Mexico). PMID:22427168

Vargas Bustamante, Arturo; Laugesen, Miriam; Caban, Mabel; Rosenau, Pauline

2012-01-01

42

Leadership, politics, and administrative reform at the United States Section of the International Boundary and Water Commission, United States and Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper draws on theories of leadership to explain administrative problems at the United States Section of the International Boundary and Water Commission, United States and Mexico that led the U.S. President, in an unprecedented action, to remove the U.S. Section's Commissioner in 2005. The analysis proceeds from a detailed review of the history and organizational features of the U.S.

Stephen P. Mumme; Debra J. Little

2010-01-01

43

Orientations to motherhood and male partner support among women in Mexico and Mexican-origin women in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous studies suggest that favorable pregnancy outcomes among Mexican immigrant women in the United States may be attributed to a protective sociocultural orientation, but few have explored the attitudes and values that shape Mexican women's perceptions of motherhood. This exploratory study examines orientation towards motherhood among Mexican and Mexican-origin women living in Mexico and the United States and their perceptions

Sylvia Guendelman; Christina Malin; Barbara Herr-Harthorn; Patricia Noemi Vargas

2001-01-01

44

United States-Mexico border crossing: experiences and risk perceptions of undocumented male immigrants.  

PubMed

Undocumented immigrants crossing the US-Mexico border face many hazards as they attempt to enter the United States, including heat and cold injury, dehydration, and wild animal encounters. In the Tucson sector of the US-Mexico border, there are over 100 deaths a year from heat-related injuries alone. Public awareness campaigns have been undertaken to disseminate information on the dangers inherent in crossing. Little is known, however, about the ways in which undocumented immigrants actually receive information regarding the risks of crossing the border, how such information impacts their preparation for crossing or how the journey itself effects their motivation to cross again in the future. A qualitative descriptive method was used to describe and analyze information from adult males who had attempted to illegally cross the US-Mexico Border and had recently been returned to Mexico. Semi-structured interviews were conducted, and responses were classified into several broad themes. Interviews were conducted and analyzed iteratively until thematic saturation was achieved. The responses validated the established risks as being commonplace. A total of eight (8) male undocumented immigrants participated in the interviews. Individuals sought information prior to crossing from the media, their families and friends, and acquaintances in border towns. They did not appear to value any particular information source over any other. New areas of risk were identified, such as traveling with others who might have new or existing medical problems. There was also substantial concern for the family unit as both a source of inspiration and motivation. The family emerged as an additional at-risk unit due to the destabilization and financial strain of having one of its members leave to attempt to immigrate to the US for work. While many planned to cross again, the majority of the men in our sample had no intention of seeking permanent residence in the US, instead planning to work and then return to their families in Mexico. This preliminary study found that individuals crossing the US-Mexico border appear willing to put themselves and their families at substantial perceived risk in order to seek economic opportunity. Future public awareness campaigns may choose to shift focus solely from the individual risk of the crossing to the additional risks to family and community. PMID:18850270

DeLuca, Lawrence A; McEwen, Marylyn M; Keim, Samuel M

2008-10-11

45

Marine fishes new to continental United States waters, North Carolina, and the Gulf of Mexico  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Along the southeastern coast of the United States, hardground systems support a high diversity of sub-tropical and tropical fishes. Many of these hardgrounds occur in deep (ca. ??? 50 m) waters and their fauna is still poorly described; however, with concentrated sampling in these deeper areas, new records of fishes continue to emerge. In the northeastern Gulf of Mexico and off North Carolina, we used the Johnson-Sea-Link submersible, remotely operated vehicles, trawling gear, and angling gear to sample deep reef systems (38-248 m). We document five records of fishes new to continental United States waters, including Liopropoma aberrans, Parasphyraenops incisus, Lipogramma regia, Apogon gouldi, and Prognathodes guyanensis. We also report range extensions for eleven species: Gymnothorax hubbsi, Gymnothorax vicinus, Lepophidium staurophor, Cypselurus comatus, Liopropoma mowbrayi, Serranus annularis, Rypticus saponaceus, Caranx lugubris, Prognathodes aculeatus, Centropyge argi, and Canthigaster jamestyleri.

Quattrini, A. M.; Ross, S. W.; Sulak, K. J.; Necaise, A. M.; Casazza, T. L.; Dennis, G. D.

2004-01-01

46

CHIPS: Monitoring Colonias Along the United States-Mexico Border in Texas  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Colonias, which are unincorporated border settlements in the United States, have emerged in rural areas without the governance and services normally provided by local government. The expansion of colonias in the United States-Mexico border region can be traced to the rapid growth associated with the Mexican Border Industrial Program during the 1960s. This rapid population growth created a lack of affordable housing, causing new migrants in the United States to purchase rural homestead lots through a contract-for-deed program from land developers. Because of the need to keep prices affordable and the absence of effective land-use controls, these homesteads expanded into rural subdivisions, commonly called colonias, without proper infrastructure. Colonias have been identified in the four U.S. border states, with Texas having designated the majority, which numbered over 1,400 colonias in 2001. Because the region is binationally interconnected economically, politically, and socially, the phenomenon of colonias in the United States is a transborder issue.

Parcher, Jean W.

2008-01-01

47

Male Human Papillomavirus Prevalence and Association With Condom Use in Brazil, Mexico, and the United States  

PubMed Central

Background.?Reported associations of condom use and human papillomavirus (HPV) infection have been inconsistent. We investigated self-reported frequency of condom use and detection of genital HPV among men. Methods.?A cross-sectional analysis was conducted in men aged 18–70 years from Brazil, Mexico, and the United States. Men completed questionnaires on sexual history, condom use, and sociodemographic characteristics. Among 2621 men reporting recent vaginal sex, prevalence of any HPV, any oncogenic type, and nononcogenic types only was estimated by frequency of condom use (“always” or “not always”). Multivariable models were used to estimate prevalence ratios (PRs) for HPV according to frequency of condom use. Results.?The prevalence of any HPV was 70.5%; any oncogenic type, 34%, and nononcogenic types only, 22.2%. The adjusted PR for always vs not always using condoms was 0.87 (95% confidence interval [CI], .77–.97) for all countries combined. The association was stronger in the United States (PR, 0.70; CI, .55–.90) than in Brazil (PR, 0.84; CI, .71–1.01) or Mexico (PR, 1.05; CI, .89–1.25) (P for interaction = .025). Conclusions.?HPV prevalence was high even among those who reported always using condoms, and its associations with always using condoms varied among countries.

Repp, Kimberly K.; Nielson, Carrie M.; Fu, Rongwei; Schafer, Sean; Lazcano-Ponce, Eduardo; Salmeron, Jorge; Quiterio, Manuel; Villa, Luisa L.

2012-01-01

48

Breast Cancer Knowledge, Attitudes, and Early Detection Practices in United States-Mexico Border Latinas  

PubMed Central

Abstract Introduction Evidence suggests Latinas residing along the United States-Mexico border face higher breast cancer mortality rates compared to Latinas in the interior of either country. The purpose of this study was to investigate breast cancer knowledge, attitudes, and use of breast cancer preventive screening among U.S. Latina and Mexican women residing along the U.S.-Mexico border. Methods For this binational cross-sectional study, 265 participants completed an interviewer-administered questionnaire that obtained information on sociodemographic characteristics, knowledge, attitudes, family history, and screening practices. Differences between Mexican (n=128) and U.S. Latina (n=137) participants were assessed by Pearson's chi-square, Fischer's exact test, t tests, and multivariate regression analyses. Results U.S. Latinas had significantly increased odds of having ever received a mammogram/breast ultrasound (adjusted odds ratio [OR]=2.95) and clinical breast examination (OR=2.67) compared to Mexican participants. A significantly greater proportion of Mexican women had high knowledge levels (54.8%) compared to U.S. Latinas (45.2%, p<0.05). Age, education, and insurance status were significantly associated with breast cancer screening use. Conclusions Despite having higher levels of breast cancer knowledge than U.S. Latinas, Mexican women along the U.S.-Mexico border are not receiving the recommended breast cancer screening procedures. Although U.S. border Latinas had higher breast cancer screening levels than their Mexican counterparts, these levels are lower than those seen among the general U.S. Latina population. Our findings underscore the lack of access to breast cancer prevention screening services and emphasize the need to ensure that existing breast cancer screening programs are effective in reaching women along the U.S.-Mexico border.

Bird, Yelena; Moraros, John; King, Sasha; Prapsiri, Surasri; Thompson, Beti

2012-01-01

49

Satellite-measured insolation in the United States, Mexico, and South America  

SciTech Connect

The development, testing and applications of a method for estimating insolation from satellite measurements are described. Data from the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) are used to estimate daily total insolation on a horizontal surface at 1/sup 0/ spacings in latitude and longitude for the continental United States, Mexico, and parts of South America. Examples of monthly mean values and root-mean-square spatial variability are given. Except during periods following a satellite change, the monthly means appear to be accurate to about 5%. Compared to long-term, surface-measured insolation in the United States, the satellite-derived means for the report period (1982-1983) are somewhat low, especially in the central and southwestern United States. Lowest standard deviation areas tend to be associated with areas of high mean insolation, such as deserts, where high values tend to persist from day to day. The rms spatial variability, which has not been reported before for such an extensive geographical region, is important in assessing the reliability of interpolations or extrapolations from sites with measured insolation to other locations.

Justus, C.G.; Paris, M.V.; Tarpley, J.D.

1986-08-01

50

Imaging facilities for basic medical units: a case in the state of Guerrero, Mexico.  

PubMed

This work presents the methodology to design a small imaging unit in a small regional hospital that takes into account the real imaging needs in the region regardless of current administrative guidelines. The situation of the imaging facilities in Mexico's states is studied and compared with other countries, and a project plan is designed for the specific state (Guerrero) where the clinic is to be located. The proposal includes the acquisition of a basic suite of modalities that include an ultrasound system, a mammography unit, and a conventional X-ray system in addition to a CT system that is not available anywhere within the state. The system should be primarily digital and should incorporate a simple picture archiving and communications system that can be the basis of a future telemedicine unit. The conclusion of this study also proposes changes in the segmented and pyramidal structure of the Mexican health system in order to provide higher quality care at the lower level, to reduce bottlenecks, and to provide higher quality health care near the patient's home. PMID:21042831

Azpiroz-Leehan, Joaquín; Licona, Fabiola Martínez; Méndez, Miguel Cadena

2011-10-01

51

19 CFR 123.65 - Domestic baggage transiting Canada or Mexico between ports in the United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Domestic baggage transiting Canada or Mexico between ports in the United...THE TREASURY CUSTOMS RELATIONS WITH CANADA AND MEXICO Baggage § 123.65 Domestic baggage transiting Canada or Mexico between ports in the...

2010-04-01

52

CHIPS: A New Way to Monitor Colonias Along the United States-Mexico Border  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Colonias, which are unincorporated border settlements in the United States, have emerged in rural areas without the governance and services normally provided by local government. Colonia residents live in poverty and lack adequate health care, potable water, and sanitation systems. These conditions create substantial health risks for colonias and surrounding communities. By 2001, more than 1,400 colonias were identified in Texas. Cooperation with the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, Offices of the Texas Attorney General, Secretary of State, and the Texas Water Development Board has allowed the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) to improve colonia Geographic Information System (GIS) boundaries and develop the Colonia Health, Infrastructure, and Platting Status tool (CHIPS). Together, the GIS boundaries and CHIPS aid the Texas government in prioritizing the limited funds that are available for infrastructure improvement. CHIPS's report generator can be tailored to the needs of the user, providing either broad or specific output. For example, a congressman could use CHIPS to list colonias with wastewater issues in a specific county, whereas a health researcher could list all colonias without clinical access. To help cities along the United States-Mexico border manage issues related to colonias growth, CHIPS will become publicly available in an Internet-enabled GIS as part of a cooperative study between the USGS, the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, and the Mexican Instituto Nacional de Estadistica Geografia e Informatica.

Parcher, Jean W.; Humberson, Delbert G.

2007-01-01

53

SPATIAL INTEGRATION OF MEXICO AND UNITED STATES IN GRAIN MARKET: THE CASE OF MAIZE, WHEAT AND SORGHUM  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on agricultural trade liberalization that the Mexican governments began to implement in early 1990s and increasing agricultural trade flows in North America, in this paper we show empirically that trade liberalization between Mexico and United States (U.S.) under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) has implied structural change in prices received by Mexican producers of maize, sorghum and

Jose Luis Jaramillo; Antonio Yunez-Naude; Valeria Serrano-Cote

2012-01-01

54

GASTROINTESTINAL HELMINTHS OF THE MEXICAN DUCK, ANAS PLATYRHYNCHOS DlAZl RIDGWAY, FROM NORTH CENTRAL MEXICO AND SOUTHWESTERN UNITED STATES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twenty-five species of helminths, recovered from the gastrointestinal tracts of 129 Mexican ducks from Mexico and the United States, were all new host records. The species in- cluded: Echinoparyphium recuruatum, Echinostoma revolutum, Hypoderaeum conoideum, No- tocotylus attenuatus, Prosthogonimus cuneatus, Zygocotyle lunata, Anomotaenia ciliata, Cloacotaenia megalops, Diorchis bulbodes, Diorchis sp., Drepanidotaenia lanceolata, Echino- cotyle rosseteri, Fimbriaria fasciolaris, Fimbriarioides sp., Hymenolepis sp.

Jaime D. Farias

55

Stereotypes of Women in Different Stages of Their Reproductive Life: Data From Mexico and the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

College students from Mexico and the United States (n = 349) were surveyed to explore stereotypes regarding women in different menstrual cycle phases and other stages of reproductive life. Participants from both countries defined a premenstrual or menstrual woman as irritable and moody and a menopausal woman as old and irritable. A woman with a hysterectomy was defined as sad,

Ma. Luisa Marván; Martha Islas; Laura Vela; Joan C. Chrisler; Elyse A. Warren

2008-01-01

56

Sweetener-Ethanol Complex in Brazil, the United States, and Mexico: Do Corn and Sugar Prices Matter?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sugar is a major commodity, produced and traded around the world, but it is no longer the only sweetener. For example, in the United States, roughly 50 percent of the sweetener market is made up of high fructose corn syrup (HFCS), which is also making inroads into Mexico. This is not the case, however, for the European Union and countries

Andrew Schmitz; James L. Seale Jr.; Troy G. Schmitz

2003-01-01

57

Terrestrial carbon dynamics: Case studies in the former Soviet Union, the conterminous United States, Mexico and Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research assessed land-use impacts on C flux at a national level in four countries: former Soviet Union, United States, Mexico and Brazil, including biotic processes in terrestrial ecosystems (closed forests, woodlands, and croplands), harvest of trees for wood and paper products, and direct C emission from fires. The terrestrial ecosystems of the four countries contain approximately 40% of the

Michael A. Cairns; Jack K. Winjum; Donald L. Phillips; Tatyana P. Kolchugina; Ted S. Vinson

1997-01-01

58

On the auspices of female migration from Mexico to the United States.  

PubMed

In this paper we examine the circumstances and determinants of female migration between Mexico and the United States. Using data from the Mexican Migration Project, we considered the relative timing of males' and females' moves northward. We then estimated logit and probit models to study the determinants of male and female out-migration; among women we also estimated a multinomial logit model to uncover differences in the process of migration for work versus not for work. We found that women almost always followed other family members, either the husband or a parent; only a tiny minority initiated migration independently. Although males also are quite likely to be introduced to migration by a parent, nearly half of all male migrants left for the United States before or without a wife or a parent. Estimates of the determinants of migration suggested that males move for employment, whereas wives generally are motivated by family reasons. Daughters, however, display a greater propensity to move for work, and the determinants of their work-related moves closely resemble those of sons and fathers. PMID:11392907

Cerrutti, M; Massey, D S

2001-05-01

59

Testing a pyroclimatic hypothesis on the Mexico-United States border.  

PubMed

The "pyroclimatic hypothesis" proposed by F. Biondi and colleagues provides a basis for testable expectations about climatic and other controls of fire regimes. This hypothesis asserts an a priori relationship between the occurrence of widespread fire and values of a relevant climatic index. Such a hypothesis provides the basis for predicting spatial and temporal patterns of fire occurrence based on climatic control. Forests near the Mexico-United States border offer a place to test the relative influence of climatic and other controls in mountain ranges that are ecologically similar and subject to broadly similar top-down climatic influence, but with differing cultural influences. We tested the pyroclimatic hypothesis by comparing fire history information from the Mesa de las Guacamayas, a mountain range in northwestern Chihuahua, with previously published fire data from the Chiricahua Mountains, in southeastern Arizona, approximately 150 km away. We developed a priori hypothetical models of fire occurrence and compared their performance to empirical climate-based models. Fires were frequent at all Mesa de las Guacamayas study sites through the mid-20th century and continued uninterrupted to the present at one site, in contrast to nearly complete fire exclusion after 1892 at sites in the Chiricahua Mountains. The empirical regression models explained a higher proportion of the variability in fire regime associated with climate than did the a priori models. Actual climate-fire relationships diverged in each country after 1892. The a priori models predicted continuing fires at the same rate per century as prior to 1892; fires did in fact continue in Mexico, albeit with some alteration of fire regimes, but ceased in the United States, most likely due to changes in land use. The cross-border comparison confirms that a frequent-fire regime could cease without a climatic cause, supporting previous arguments that bottom-up factors such as livestock grazing can rapidly and drastically alter surface fire regimes. Understanding the historical patterns of climate controls on fire could inform the use of historical data as ecological reference conditions and for future sustainability. PMID:22928412

Fulé, Peter Z; Yocom, Larissa L; Montaño, Citlali Cortés; Falk, Donald A; Cerano, Julián; Villanueva-Díaz, José

2012-08-01

60

Marine birds of the southeastern United States and Gulf of Mexico. Part I. Gaviiformes through Pelecaniformes  

SciTech Connect

Information on the seasonal distribution and abundance of 39 species of marine birds of the Orders Gaviiformes, Podicipediformes, Procellariiformes, and Pelecaniformes that occur off the southeastern shores of the United States and in the Gulf of Mexico has been compiled and mapped from thousands of literature citations; in many instances this provides the first synthesis of knowledge about a species for this area. Information on world-wide distribution, habitat, food, and various aspects of life history is also summarized. This information was gathered to assess the possible effects of offshore oil development on populations of marine birds. Susceptibililty of birds to oil depends not only on their juxtaposition in time and space, but also on currents, climatic factors, the stage in the life or annual cycle, and the behavior of the species. Contamination by oil may result in matted feathers; death may soon follow from chilling or starvation, or from the toxic effects of oil ingested when the birds attempt to preen themselves. Oil from feathers may be transferred to eggs by incubating birds and may greatly reduce reproductive success. Among the birds covered by this volume, loons, and grebes are considered the most susceptible to oil pollution. Cormorants, pelicans, and boobies are moderately susceptible and the truly pelagic birds, including most of the Procellariiformes, are the least susceptible.

Clapp, R.B.; Banks, R.C.; Morgan-Jacobs, D.; Hoffman, W.A.

1982-03-01

61

Detrital zircon provenance of Mesoproterozoic to Cambrian arenites in the Western United States and Northwestern Mexico  

USGS Publications Warehouse

U-Pb isotopic dating of detrital zircon from supracrustal Proterozoic and Cambrian arenites from the western United States and northern Mexico reveal three main age groups, 1.90 to 1.62 Ga, 1.45 to 1.40 Ga, and 1.2 to 1.0 Ga. Small amounts of zircons with ages of 3.1 to 2.5 Ga, 1.57 Ga, 1.32 Ga, 1.26 Ga, 0.7 Ga, and 0.5 Ga are also present. Detrital zircons ranging in age from 1.90 to 1.62 Ga and from 1.45 to 1.40 Ga are considered to have been derived from Proterozoic crystalline basement rocks of these known ages, and probably in part from reworked Proterozoic supracrustal sedimentary rocks, of the western United States. The 1.2 to 1.0 Ga detrital zircon ages from California, Arizona, and Sonora are characterized by distinct spikes (1.11 Ga, in particular) in the age-probability plots. These spikes are interpreted to indicate the influx of zircon from major silicic volcanic fields. Igneous rocks such as the Pikes Peak Granite (1.093 Ga) of Colorado, and the Aibo Granite (1.110 Ga) of Sonora, Mexico, may represent the deeply eroded roots of such volcanic fields. Samples from farther north along the Cordilleran margin that contain abundant 1.2-1.0 Ga detrital zircons do not show spikes in the age distribution, but rather ages spread out across the entire 1.2-1.0 Ga range. These age spectra resemble those for detrital zircons from the Grenville province, which is considered their source. Less common detrital zircons had a variety of sources. Zircons ranging in age from 3.36 to 2.31 Ga were apparently derived from inland parts of the North American continent from Wyoming to Canada. Zircons of about 1.577 Ga are highly unusual and may have had an exotic source; they may have come from Australia and been deposited in North America when Australia and North America were juxtaposed as part of the hypothetical Rodinian supercontinent. Detrital zircon of ??1.320 Ga apparently had the same source as that for tuff (1.320 Ga) in the Pioneer Shale of the Apache Group in Arizona. Detrital zircons of about 1.26 Ga in the Apache Group and Troy Quartzite appear to be related to local, approximately coeval volcanic fields. Zircons of about 0.7 Ga may have had a source in igneous rocks related to rifting of the Proterozoic supercontinent of Rodinia, and 0.5 Ga zircons a source in relatively small areas of granitic rocks of this known, or inferred, age in Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico, and Colorado.

Stewart, J. H.; Gehrels, G. E.; Barth, A. P.; Link, P. K.; Christie-Blick, N.; Wrucke, C. T.

2001-01-01

62

United States chicken and grain exports to Mexico: competing for the same market?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The impacts of maintaining increasing rates of Mexican chicken meat imports from the United States on United States grain sorghum price and Mexican GS imports from the United States were modeled using a non-spatial, partial equilibrium, econometric, and simulation international trade model. Twenty five equations were simultaneously estimated and validated as a system using three stages least squares. A 9-year

Teresa Duch-Carvallo; Jaime E. Malaga

2011-01-01

63

Agent-based modeling of deforestation in southern Yucatán, Mexico, and reforestation in the Midwest United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

We combine mixed-methods research with integrated agent-based modeling to understand land change and economic decision making in the United States and Mexico. This work demonstrates how sustainability science benefits from combining integrated agent-based modeling (which blends methods from the social, ecological, and information sciences) and mixed-methods research (which interleaves multiple approaches ranging from qualitative field research through to quantitative laboratory

Steven M. Manson

64

Terrestrial Carbon Dynamics: Case Studies in the Former Soviet Union, the Conterminous United States, Mexico and Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research assessed land-use impacts on C flux at a national level in four countries: former Soviet Union, United States,\\u000a Mexico and Brazil, including biotic processes in terrestrial ecosystems (closed forests, woodlands, and croplands), harvest\\u000a of trees for wood and paper products, and direct C emission from fires. The terrestrial ecosystems of the four countries contain\\u000a approximately 40% of the

Michael A. Cairns; Jack K. Winjum; Donald L. Phillips; Tatyana P. Kolchugina; Ted S. Vinson

1997-01-01

65

Black Carbon and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Emissions from Vehicles in the United States–Mexico Border Region: Pilot Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The investigators developed a system to measure black carbon (BC) and particle-bound polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) emission factors during roadside sampling in four cities along the United States–Mexico border, Calexico\\/Mexicali and El Paso\\/Juárez. The measurement system included a photoacoustic analyzer for BC, a photoelectric aerosol sensor for particle-bound PAHs, and a carbon dioxide (CO2) analyzer. When a vehicle with measurable

Kerry Kelly; David Wagner; JoAnn Lighty; Margarito Quintero Núñez; F. Adrian Vazquez; Kimberly Collins; Alberto Barud-Zubillaga

2006-01-01

66

Marine birds of the southeastern United States and Gulf of Mexico. Part II: anseriformes  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the distribution, abundance, habitat, food habits and other aspects of the life history, and susceptibility to oil of 41 species of waterfowl of the order Anseriformes in the southeastern Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico. Winter distribution maps for the more common species are presented. An extensive, chronological bibliography accompanies each species account. The report is a planning tool for the Bureau of Land Management, other Federal and State agencies, and private companies dealing with oil impacts in coastal waters.

Clapp, R.B.; Morgan-Jacobs, D.; Banks, R.C.

1982-07-01

67

Regeneration of native trees in response to flood releases from the United States into the delta of the Colorado River, Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past 20 years, discharge of water from the United States to the delta of the Colorado River in Mexico has regenerated native trees that now account for 23% of vegetation in a 100-km, non-perennial, stretch of river below Morelos Dam at the United States–Mexico border. The discharges are associated with the filling of Lake Powell, the last large

Francisco Zamora-Arroyo; Pamela L. Nagler; Mark Briggs; Dean Radtke; Hugo Rodriquez; Jaqueline Garcia; Carlos Valdes; Alfredo Huete; Edward P. Glenn

2001-01-01

68

Gifted Law, Identification, and Programming in Mexico: An Overview for School Professionals in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The demographics in the United States are rapidly changing and the school-aged population is growing at an even faster rate, particularly within the Mexican population. In 2008, 12.7 million Mexican immigrants lived in the United States which is 17 times the number in 1970. In addition, Mexican populations are younger than other U.S. populations…

Harris, Bryn; Lizardi, Patricia Sanchez

2012-01-01

69

"Mexico in Transition." Curriculum Units.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These curriculum units were developed in a National Endowment for the Humanities 1994 summer seminar "Mexico in Transition." The 23 lessons are written in Spanish. Lessons are entitled: (1) "La Migracion Mexicana Vista a Traves del Cuento 'Paso del Norte' de Juan Rulfo" (Jose Jorge Armendariz); (2) "Los Grupos Indigenas de Mexico: Condiciones…

Oregon Univ., Eugene. Foreign Language Resource Center.

70

"Mexico in Transition." Curriculum Units.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These curriculum units were developed in a National Endowment for the Humanities 1994 summer seminar "Mexico in Transition." The 23 lessons are written in Spanish. Lessons are entitled: (1) "La Migracion Mexicana Vista a Traves del Cuento 'Paso del Norte' de Juan Rulfo" (Jose Jorge Armendariz); (2) "Los Grupos Indigenas de Mexico: Condiciones…

Oregon Univ., Eugene. Foreign Language Resource Center.

71

CHIPS: A New Way to Monitor Colonias Along the United States -Mexico Border.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Colonias, which are unincorporated border settlements in the United States, have emerged in rural areas without the governance and services normally provided by the local government. By 2001, more than 1,400 colonias were identified in Texas. Cooperation ...

D. G. Humberson J. W. Parcher

2007-01-01

72

A comparative study of broadcasting law and regulations in Mexico and the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

The existence of lively broadcasting stations in other countries on the North American continent comes as no surprise to those millions of citizens of the United States who live in our northernmost and southernmost states. The economic, regulatory and legal bases for these stations may, however, be unfamiliar to both the listeners to these stations in the U.S. and to

Walter B. Emery

1964-01-01

73

Subjective Control and Health Among Mexican-Origin Elders in Mexico and the United States: Structural Considerations in Comparative Research  

PubMed Central

Objectives This study examines the joint impact of psychological and structural factors on Mexican and Mexican American elders' sense of personal control over important aspects of their lives and health in Mexico and the United States. Methods We employ the Mexican Health and Aging Study (MHAS) and the Hispanic Established Populations for Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly (H-EPESE) to explore patterns of association among structural factors, personal characteristics, indicators of material and physical vulnerability, and expressed locus of control. Results The results suggest that an older individual's sense of personal control over important aspects of his or her life, including health, reflects real material and social resources in addition to individual predispositions. In Mexico, only the most privileged segment of the population has health insurance, and coverage increases one's sense of personal control. In the United States, on the other hand, Medicare guarantees basic coverage to the vast majority of Mexican Americans over 65, reducing its impact on one's sense of control. Discussion Psychological characteristics affect older individuals' sense of personal control over aspects of their health, but the effects are mediated by the economic and health services context in which they are expressed.

Hill, Terrence D.

2009-01-01

74

Trace metal concentrations and lead isotopic composition in surface waters of the Northeast Pacific along the United States - Mexico boundary  

SciTech Connect

To evaluate the magnitude of heavy metal contamination along the United States - Mexico boundary, trace metal concentrations (Pb, Cd, Mn, Fe, and Zn) and lead isotopic composition ([sup 204]Pb, [sup 206]Pb, [sup 207]Pb, and [sup 208]Pb) were measured along four surface water transects across the continental shelf off the Baja California Coast. The stations were located between 2 to 45 km offshore, including both coastal and open ocean locations. All the metal distributions along the transects were characterized by offshore concentration gradients. The highest trace metal concentrations occurred in coastal waters in association with high salinities and nutrient concentrations. There was also a longshore gradient in trace metal concentrations. Trace element concentrations were lower in the southern locations than along the United States - Mexico boundary, and were comparable to typical open ocean values. The relative enrichment of metals in surface waters off the northern part of Baja California was primarily associated with advection/upwelling processes, not with anthropogenic inputs. Mass balance calculations indicated that about 1% of Cd and 13% of Zn were from urban discharges. The low metal levels measured in coastal waters off the central part of Baja California were attributed to the intrusion of open ocean waters, based on hydrographic data, satellite images and lead isotopic compositions.

Sanudo-Wilhelmy, S. (Inst. of Marine Science, Santa Cruz, CA (United States))

1990-01-09

75

The evolution of groundwater rights and groundwater management in New Mexico and the western United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historically, rights in water originated as public property and only later became individualized rights to utilize the public resource, in a manner consistent with the public welfare needs of society, but protected by principles of property law. Five basic regulatory systems for rights in groundwater in the United States have evolved to date. The problems raised by the hydrologic differences

Charles T. DuMars; Jeffrie D. Minier

2004-01-01

76

Migrating from Mexico and Sharing Pretend with Peers in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The intent of this study was to examine the development of peer interaction in low-income Mexican-heritage families in the United States. Eighty-eight children (44 girls) were observed and mothers interviewed when children were 14, 24, 36, and 54 months old. We used the Attachment Q-Set (Waters, 1990), the Peer Play Scale (Howes & Matheson, 1992),…

Howes, Carollee; Wishard Guerra, Alison G.; Zucker, Eleanor

2008-01-01

77

Buscando Trabajo: Social Networking among Immigrants from Mexico to the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The growth of the Latino population in the United States has placed a sharp focus on immigration. Previous research on immigration has taken for granted the existence of immigrant networks. This is a significant oversight given their importance in both conveying social capital and their contribution to the growth of immigrant communities. Using…

Garcia, Carlos

2005-01-01

78

The Dragon Menace: Is China Displacing Mexicos trade with the United States?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The most common statistic used in order to prove China's negative impact on Mexico's trade with the US is the share of US imports precedent from Mexico exporters. This approach suggests that China's expansion in the US market negatively correlates with the growth of the Mexican exports. However, and contrary to conventional wisdom and the ad-hoc shift share approach, our

Edgardo Arturo Ayala; Mario Villarreal

79

Search for poliovirus carriers among people with primary immune deficiency diseases in the United States, Mexico, Brazil, and the United Kingdom.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the rate of long-term poliovirus excretors in people known to have B-cell immune deficiency disorders. METHODS: An active search for chronic excretors was conducted among 306 persons known to have immunoglobulin G (IgG) deficiency in the United States, Mexico, Brazil, and the United Kingdom, and 40 people with IgA deficiency in the United States. Written informed consent or assent was obtained from the participants or their legal guardians, and the studies were formally approved. Stool samples were collected from participants and cultured for polioviruses. Calculation of the confidence interval for the proportion of participants with persistent poliovirus excretion was based on the binomial distribution. FINDINGS: No individuals with long-term excretion of polioviruses were identified. Most participants had received oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) and almost all had been exposed to household contacts who had received OPV. Polioviruses of recent vaccine origin were transiently found in four individuals in Mexico and Brazil, where OPV is recommended for all children. CONCLUSION: Although chronic poliovirus excretion can occur in immunodeficient persons, it appears to be rare.

Halsey, Neal A.; Pinto, Jorge; Espinosa-Rosales, Francisco; Faure-Fontenla, Maria A.; da Silva, Edson; Khan, Aamir J.; Webster, A. D.; Minor, Philip; Dunn, Glynis; Asturias, Edwin; Hussain, Hamidah; Pallansch, Mark A.; Kew, Olen M.; Winkelstein, Jerry; Sutter, Roland

2004-01-01

80

Taxonomic status of certain clapper rails of southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Examination of 58 Clapper Rail specimens taken in the breeding season from the Colorado Valley and the west coast of mainland Mexico verifies the distinctness of the races Rallus longirostris yomanensis, R. 1. rhizophorae, and R. 1. nayaritensis. Rallus 1. yumanensis is a relatively pale brown, pointed-winged, summer resident of freshwater marshes along the valley and delta of the Colorado River. Late winter specimens of yumanensis have been taken in freshwater and saltwater habitats in the Mexican states of Sinaloa and Puebla. Both R. 1. rhizophorae, a pale grayish bird, and R. 1. nayaritensis, a darker grayish form, are presumed year-round residents of the western Mexican mangrove swamps. Both have more rounded wings than yumanensis. The range of rhizophorae extends south along the coast from central Sonora to central Sinaloa, and that of nayaritensis from central Sinaloa to the vicinity of San Blas, Nayarit. Features of the range and characters of birds where the range of these two races approach each other are unclear.

Banks, R.C.; Tomlinson, R.E.

1974-01-01

81

Declining Return Migration from the United States to Mexico in the late-2000s Recession  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers in the U.S. and Mexico have variously asserted that return migration from the U.S. to Mexico has increased substantially, remained unchanged, or declined slightly in response to the 2007-2009 U.S. recession and global financial crisis. The present study addresses this debate using microdata through mid-2009 from a large-scale, quarterly Mexican household survey, the National Survey of Occupation and Employment

Michael S. Rendall; Peter Brownell; Sarah Kups

82

Health and quality of life within Colonias settlements along the United States and Mexico border.  

PubMed

The Colonies settlements along the United States-Mexican border are reflective of third-world communities. Although most of the residents are U.S. citizens, they lack the basic educational and work opportunities found in most parts of the country. Because of the limited infrastructure, diseases controlled in most parts of the world are epidemic within these communities. Using the Giger and Davidhizar Transcultural Assessment Model, public health nurses can be instrumental in coordinating services in partnership with community members to enhance health and social service programs. PMID:10499019

Davidhizar, R; Bechtel, G A

1999-08-01

83

Gastrointestinal helminths of the Mexican duck, Anas platyrhynchos diazi Ridgway, from north central Mexico and southwestern United States.  

PubMed

Twenty-five species of helminths, recovered from the gastrointestinal tracts of 129 Mexican ducks from Mexico and the United States, were all new host records. The species included: Echinoparyphium recurvatum, Echinostoma revolutum, Hypoderaeum conoideum, Notocotylus attenuatus, Prosthogonimus cuneatus, Zygocotyle lunata, Anomotaenia ciliata, Cloacotaenia megalops, Diorchis bulbodes, Diorchis sp., Drepanidotaenia lanceolata, Echinocotyle rosseteri, Fimbriaria fasciolaris, Fimbriarioides sp., Hymenolepis sp. 1, Hymenolepis sp. 2, Sobolevicanthus gracilis. Corynosoma constrictum, Polymorphus minutus, Amidostomum acutum, Echinuria sp., Epomidiostomum crami, Hystrichis varispinosus, Rusguniella arctica, and Tetrameres sp. Fimbriarioides sp. occurred predominantly in ducks from south-central Chihuahua, Mexico. The distributions for the other 24 species of the helminths were not significantly different among the four collecting areas. The helminth fauna for the 32 complete specimens and 97 intestinal tracts was distributed relatively evenly among the hosts with a calculated mean evenness of 0.77 +/- 0.15 and 0.89 +/- 0.03 respectively. The parasite fauna was more similar to those of the black duck Anas rubripes Brewster of eastern North America (53%), the mallard, Anas platyrhynchos (L.) (49%), and the mottled duck, Anas fulvigula Ridgway, from Florida (45%), than to the green-winged teal, Anas crecca (L.) (36%), the gadwall, Anas strepera (L.) (30%), and the American wigeon, Anas americana Gmelin (26%), collected in the Southwest. PMID:3951061

Farias, J D; Canaris, A G

1986-01-01

84

Prevalence of Norovirus among Visitors from the United States to Mexico and Guatemala Who Experience Traveler's Diarrhea  

PubMed Central

Traveler's diarrhea (TD) is the most common infectious illness acquired by visitors to developing nations. The purpose of this study was to utilize molecular diagnostic techniques to determine the prevalence of norovirus (NoV) in TD occurring among visitors from the United States to Guatemala and Mexico. Stool samples (n = 54) were collected from 34 TD cases and analyzed for NoV by reverse transcription-PCR and oligoprobe confirmation. The overall prevalence of NoV was 65%. Interestingly, all NoV-positive stool samples were identified as genogroup I NoVs, and time spent at travel destinations was found to be an important factor in determining the frequency of infection (P = 0.003). Eleven NoV-positive stool samples also tested positive for enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli, indicating that dual infections with this leading bacterial cause of TD were very common. Results of this study suggest that NoV infection is a frequent occurrence among travelers to Mexico and Guatemala who experience episodes of TD. In addition, the simple molecular detection method utilized here will serve to facilitate more in-depth epidemiological studies of this emergent viral pathogen in travelers and other at-risk populations.

Chapin, Amy R.; Carpenter, Colleen M.; Dudley, William C.; Gibson, Lucy C.; Pratdesaba, Rafael; Torres, Olga; Sanchez, Domingo; Belkind-Gerson, Jaime; Nyquist, Irene; Karnell, Anders; Gustafsson, Bjorn; Halpern, Jane L.; Bourgeois, A. Louis; Schwab, Kellogg J.

2005-01-01

85

ASSOCIATION OF VIRULENCE FACTOR-POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE ENTEROAGGREGATIVE ESCHERICHIA COLI AND OCCURRENCE OF CLINICAL ILLNESS IN TRAVELERS FROM THE UNITED STATES TO MEXICO  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of the study was to determine if the presence or absence of virulence factor-positive and -negative enteroaggregative Escherichia coli (EAEC) determined the occurrence of illness or sub-clinical EAEC infec- tion in travelers from the United States to Mexico. Sixty-five newly arrived college students from the United States submitted weekly stool samples for a four-week period of time. Among

DAVID B. HUANG; ZHI-DONG JIANG; HERBERT L. DUPONT

2003-01-01

86

The impact of Summer Rainfall on the Temperature Gradient along the United States-Mexico Border.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The international border running through the Sonoran Desert in southern Arizona and northern Sonora is marked by a sharp discontinuity in albedo and grass cover. The observed differences in surface properties are a result of long-term, severe overgrazing of the Mexican lands. Recently, investigators have shown the Mexican side of the border to have higher surface and air temperatures when compared to adjacent areas in the United States. The differences in temperatures appear to be more associated with differential evapotranspiration rates than with albedo changes along the border. In this study, the impact of summer rainfall on the observed seasonal and daily gradient in maximum temperature is examined. On a seasonal time scale, the temperature gradient increases with higher moisture levels, probably due to a vegetative response on the United States' side of the border; at the daily level, the gradient in maximum temperature decreases after a rain event as evaporation rates equalize between the countries. The results suggest that temperature difference between vegetated and overgrazed landscapes in arid areas are highly dependent upon the amount of moisture available for evapotranspiration.

Balling, Robert C., Jr.

1989-04-01

87

Cultural Transferability of Socially Responsible Leadership: Findings from the United States and Mexico  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine similarities and differences in students' capacities for socially responsible leadership as well as significant predictors of its development at a higher education institution in Mexico as compared with US schools. Results revealed that Mexican students both entered and left college with significantly…

Dugan, John P.; Rossetti Morosini, Ana M.; Beazley, Michael R.

2011-01-01

88

Potential Effects of the United States-Mexico Border Fence on Wildlife  

Microsoft Academic Search

Security infrastructure along international boundaries threatens to degrade connectivity for wildlife. To explore potential effects of a fence under construction along the U.S.-Mexico border on wildlife, we assessed movement behavior of two species with different life histories whose regional persistence may depend on transboundary movements. We used radiotelemetry to assess how vegetation and landscape structure affect flight and natal dispersal

AARON D. FLESCH; CLINTON W. EPPS; JAMES W. CAIN; MATT CLARK; PAUL R. KRAUSMAN; JOHN R. MORGART

2009-01-01

89

Postdisaster Stress in the United States and Mexico: A Cross-Cultural Test of the Multicriterion Conceptual Model of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data on symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were collected 6 months after Hurricanes Paulina (N = 200; Mexico) and Andrew (non-Hispanic n = 270; United States) using the Revised Civilian Mississippi Scale. A 4-factor measurement model that represented the accepted multicriterion conceptualization of PTSD fit the data of the U.S. and Mexican samples equally well. The 4 factors of

Fran H. Norris; Julia L. Perilla; Arthur D. Murphy

2001-01-01

90

A Discussion of Water Pollution in the United States and Mexico; with High School Laboratory Activities for the Analysis of Lead, Atrazine, and Nitrate  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nature, occurrence and analysis of water pollutants is interesting chemically and relates well to the interdisciplinary nature of the modern chemistry curriculum. The issue is of worldwide significance and affects both wealthy and poor nations. In the first part of this paper we present an overview of water pollution in the United States and Mexico, including sources, federal regulations

Paul B. Kelter; Julie Grundman; David S. Hage; James D. Carr; Carlos Mauricio Castro-Acuña

1997-01-01

91

ECONOMIC EVALUATIN OF HOLESTEIN SIRES SELECTION STRATEGIES FOR HERDS IN ITALY, MEXICO, THE NETHERLANDS AND THE UNITED STATES USING STOCHASTIC SIMULATION.  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Stochastically simulated dairy herds with genetic, economic and managerial parameters for milk, fat and protein production in Italy, The Netherlands and the United States, and for milk yield in Mexico for investment horizons of 10 and 20 years were used to evaluate sire selection strategies. One to ...

92

Ground-based and aircraft measurements of volatile organic compounds in United States and Mexico City urban atmospheres  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study presents measurements made from ground-based samples collected in 28 cities in the United States and in Mexico City, as well as data from aircraft measurements made of outflow from these urban areas. Urban samples are used to identify and quantify the major volatile organic compounds (VOCs) present in the cities studied, while aircraft samples are used for comparison and to examine both local and transported pollutants. Between 1999 and 2005 whole air canister samples were collected in 28 United States cities during the summertime (August/September) and in 8 cities during November, February and May. Samples were analyzed for methane, carbon monoxide (CO), NMHCs and halocarbons. Mixing ratios of NMHCs exhibited high inter- and intra-city variability, so ratios of individual NMHCs to CO, a combustion tracer, were examined to facilitate comparison between cities. Most NMHCs were found to have correlation coefficients (r2 ) greater than 0.6, highlighting the influence of vehicular emissions on NMHC mixing ratios. Notable exceptions were the C2-C 4 alkanes, which generally had poor correlations with CO. Mixing ratios of halocarbons regulated by the Montreal Protocol highlighted the success of regulatory efforts in the United States, while measurements of unregulated species identified strong urban sources. In Mexico City samples were collected at two fixed sites (T0 and T1) and throughout the central urban area. The T0 site was at an urban/industrial location while T1 was a suburban location. All samples were analyzed for methane, CO, NMHCs, halocarbons and alkyl nitrates. The most abundant NMHC at all sites was propane, the major component of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). For nearly all species, mixing ratios were the greatest at the T0 site, where mean values of many NMHCs were in excess of 10 ppbv and where halocarbons were up to an order of magnitude greater than background values. Simple calculations of OH loss frequencies at each site show ethene and toluene to be the largest NMHC sinks for OH; propane, which has a relatively slow reaction rate but is the most abundant NMHC, was also a significant sink. Samples collected in 2006 in Mexico City were also compared to samples collected in 1993. Mixing ratios of NMHCs showed an approximately 75% reduction in vehicular emissions and a 50% reduction in emissions of LPG components. Ratios between transportation-related species indicate little change in the composition of vehicular emissions and fuels, while ratios between components of LPG reflect reformulation in 1997 to increase the propane fraction and reduce the fractions of butanes and butenes. Whole air samples collected during the INTEX-NA, INTEX-B and MILAGRO research campaigns collected within the boundary layer over different cities and source regions were used as confirmation of ground-based measurements in the mid-continent oil field region, the central valley (Fresno) and Mexico City, and in the case of Seattle, where ground measurements were not made, were used to determine the composition of VOCs. Additionally, samples collected downwind provided information about the composition, persistence and chemical transformations of these source plumes.

Baker, Angela K.

93

SOLERAS - University Research Project: Georgia Institute of Technology. Atlas of satellite insolation in the United States, Mexico and South America  

SciTech Connect

A summary is given of the development, testing and applications of the satellite insolation estimation project of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Agriculture and Resources Inventory Surveys through Aerospace Remote Sensing (AgRISTARS) program. The NOAA/AgRISTARS procedure uses data from the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) to estimate daily total insolation (on a horizontal surface) at an array of 1 x 1 latitude-longitude locations throughout the continental United States, Mexico, and parts of South America. This methodology is compared with some other satellite techniques in terms of accuracy and applicability. Summary maps of monthly average daily total insolation for the period July 1982 through December 1983, as well as annual total maps for 1983, are presented for all three geographic coverage areas. As measures of temporal and spatial variability, monthly and annual data are also presented for the standard deviation of the daily insolation values about the monthly mean, and for root-mean-square values of both north-south and east-west differences over 1 latitude or longitude spacing. From the estimated error analysis the monthly mean values appear to be accurate to about 5% of the mean value, except for the western part of the United States when GOES-1 was put back into temporary service as the western GOES satellite.

Not Available

1986-01-01

94

Phylogeography and mitochondrial diversity of extirpated brown bear (Ursus arctos) populations in the contiguous United States and Mexico.  

PubMed

The fossil record indicates that the brown bear (Ursus arctos) colonized North America from Asia over 50 000 years ago. The species historically occupied the western United States and northern Mexico but has been extirpated from over 99% of this range in the last two centuries. To evaluate colonization hypotheses, subspecific classifications, and historical patterns and levels of genetic diversity in this region, we sequenced 229 nucleotides of the mitochondrial DNA control region in 108 museum specimens. The work was set in a global context by synthesizing all previous brown bear control region sequences from around the world. In mid-latitude North America a single moderately diverse clade is observed, represented by 23 haplotypes with up to 3.5% divergence. Only eight of 23 haplotypes (35%) are observed in the extensively sampled extant populations suggesting a substantial loss of genetic variability. The restriction of all haplotypes from mid-latitude North America to a single clade suggests that this region was founded by bears with a similar maternal ancestry. However, the levels and distributions of diversity also suggest that the colonizing population was not a small founder event, and that expansion occurred long enough ago for local mutations to accrue. Our data are consistent with recent genetic evidence that brown bears were south of the ice prior to the last glacial maximum. There is no support for previous subspecies designations, although bears of the southwestern United States may have had a distinctive, but recent, pattern of ancestry. PMID:17107477

Miller, C R; Waits, L P; Joyce, P

2006-12-01

95

Maternity care for Hispanic women who cross to the United States side of the Mexico border.  

PubMed

Medical chart abstracts and interviews were conducted among 587 Hispanic women within the first 72 hours following childbirth in any of five hospitals in San Diego County in 1991-1992. Demographic and maternal/infant obstetrical outcome data from 83 women who admitted that they had crossed the US/ Mexico Border to receive reproductive health services were compared with data from women who did not cross the Border. Border crossers were younger, less conversant in English, and more financially vulnerable. Several barriers existed for women in both groups that prevented entering and remaining within prenatal care programmes. Outcome data were favorable despite these adverse risk factors. PMID:9009558

Wallace, H M; Fullerton, J T

1996-12-01

96

Marine birds of the southeastern United States and Gulf of Mexico. Part III. Charadriiformes  

SciTech Connect

Information on the seasonal distribution and abundance of 22 species of marine birds of the order Charadriiformes that occur in the coastal southeastern United States has been compiled and mapped from the literature. In many instances this provides the first synthesis of knowledge about a species for this region. We also provide information on global distribution, habitat and foord for all species, and include information on various aspects of life history for the 16 species that we consider most important in coastal areas. This information was gathered in an attempt to assess the possible effects of offshore oil development on populations of marine birds in the southeast. The susceptibility of birds to oil depends not only on their juxtaposition in time and space, but also on currents, climatic factors, the stage of the life or annual cycle, and the behavior of the species. Contamination by oil may result in matted feathers with death following from chilling, starvation, and ingestion of oil during preening. Few of the species covered in this report are at great hazard from the direct effects of oiling, but populations of most of these species are highly susceptible to environmental change. Large concentrations of wintering, breeding, and migrant gulls and terns occur in the southeast and in some instances make up a large proportion of the global or North American population. Consequently, this report includes most of the marine birds that we believe most likely to be detrimentally affected by the development of oil resources. 1620 references, 84 tables.

Clapp, R.B.; Morgan-Jacobs, B.; Banks, R.C.

1983-09-01

97

Effects of Climate Change on Freshwater Ecosystems of the South-Eastern United States and the Gulf Coast of Mexico  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The south-eastern United States and Gulf Coast of Mexico is physiographically diverse, although dominated by a broad coastal plain. Much of the region has a humid, warm temperate climate with little seasonality in precipitation but strong seasonality in runoff owing to high rates of summer evapotranspiration. The climate of southern Florida and eastern Mexico is subtropical with a distinct summer wet season and winter dry season. Regional climate models suggest that climate change resulting from a doubling of the pre-industrial levels of atmospheric CO2 may increase annual air temperatures by 3-4°C. Changes in precipitation are highly uncertain, but the most probable scenario shows higher levels over all but the northern, interior portions of the region, with increases primarily occurring in summer and occurring as more intense or clustered storms. Despite the increases in precipitation, runoff is likely to decline over much of the region owing to increases in evapotranspiration exceeding increases in precipitation. Only in Florida and the Gulf Coast areas of the US and Mexico are precipitation increases likely to exceed evapotranspiration increases, producing an increase in runoff. However, increases in storm intensity and clustering are likely to result in more extreme hydrographs, with larger peaks in flow but lower baseflows and longer periods of drought.The ecological effects of climate change on freshwaters of the region include: (1) a general increase in rates of primary production, organic matter decomposition and nutrient cycling as a result of higher temperatures and longer growing seasons: (2) reduction in habitat for cool water species, particularly fish and macroinvertebrates in Appalachian streams; (3) reduction in water quality and in suitable habitat in summer owing to lower baseflows and intensification of the temperature-dissolved oxygen squeeze in many rivers and reservoirs; (4) reduction in organic matter storage and loss of organisms during more intense flushing events in some streams and wetlands; (5) shorter periods of inundation of riparian wetlands and greater drying of wetland soils, particularly in northern and inland areas; (6) expansion of subtropical species northwards, including several non-native nuisance species currently confined to southern Florida; (7) expansion of wetlands in Florida and coastal Mexico, but increase in eutrophication of Florida lakes as a result of greater runoff from urban and agricultural areas; and (8) changes in the flushing rate of estuaries that would alter their salinity regimes, stratification and water quality as well as influence productivity in the Gulf of Mexico.Many of the expected climate change effects will exacerbate current anthropogenic stresses on the region's freshwater systems, including increasing demands for water, increasing waste heat loadings and land use changes that alter the quantity and quality of runoff to streams and reservoirs. Research is needed especially in several critical areas: long-term monitoring of key hydrological, chemical and biological properties (particularly water balances in small, forested catchments and temperature-sensitive species); experimental studies of the effects of warming on organisms and ecosystem processes under realistic conditions (e.g. in situ heating experiments); studies of the effects of natural hydrological variation on biological communities; and assessment of the effects of water management activities on organisms and ecosystem processes, including development and testing of management and restoration strategies designed to counteract changes in climate.

Mulholland, Patrick J.; Best, G. Ronnie; Coutant, Charles C.; Hornberger, George M.; Meyer, Judy L.; Robinson, Peter J.; Stenberg, John R.; Turner, R. Eugene; Vera-Herrera, Francisco; Wetzel, Robert G.

1997-06-01

98

Marine birds of the southeastern United States and Gulf of Mexico. Part II. Anseriformes  

SciTech Connect

Information on the seasonal distribution and abundance of 41 species of waterfowl of the order Anseriformes that occur in the coastal southeastern United States has been compiled and mapped from the literature. In many instances this provides the first synthesis of knowledge about a species for this region. For the species we consider most important in coastal areas we also provide information on world-wide distribution, habitat, food, and various aspects of life history. This information was gathered in an attempt to assess the possible effects of offshore oil development on populations of marine birds in the southeast. The susceptibility of birds to oil depends not only on their juxtaposition in time and space, but also on currents and climatic factors and on the stage of the life or annual cycle and the behavior of the species. Contamination by oil may result in matting of the feathers with death following from chilling, starvation, and the ingestion of oil during preening. Among the birds covered by this report, the sea ducks and diving ducks are considered the most susceptible to oil pollution in the southeast. Most of the other ducks, geese, and swans covered in the report are relatively insusceptible to oil pollution because they are seldom found in areas where oiling is likely to occur. One of the conclusions reached by this report is that we know very little about the status and populations of some of the anatids that occur in the southeast. Some of these species (e.g., the scoters) are among those that may be expected to be most detrimentally affected by development of oil resources. In general, most species that are widely hunted are relatively well studied, but much is unknown of those that are not game birds.

Clapp, R.B.; Morgan-Jacobs, D.; Banks, R.C.

1982-07-01

99

Halocarbon emissions from the United States and Mexico and their global warming potential.  

PubMed

We use recent aircraft measurements of a comprehensive suite of anthropogenic halocarbons, carbon monoxide (CO), and related tracers to place new constraints on North American halocarbon emissions and quantify their global warming potential. Using a chemical transport model (GEOS-Chem) we find that the ensemble of observations are consistent with our prior best estimate of the U.S. anthropogenic CO source, but suggest a 30% underestimate of Mexican emissions. We develop an optimized CO emission inventory on this basis and quantify halocarbon emissions from their measured enhancements relative to CO. Emissions continue for many compounds restricted under the Montreal Protocol, and we show that halocarbons make up an important fraction of the total greenhouse gas source for both countries: our best estimate is 9% (uncertainty range 6-12%) and 32% (21-52%) of equivalent CO2 emissions for the U.S. and Mexico, respectively, on a 20 year time scale. Performance of bottom-up emission inventories is variable, with underestimates for some compounds and overestimates for others. Ongoing methylchloroform emissions are significant in the U.S. (2.8 Gg/y in 2004-2006), in contrast to bottom-up estimates (< 0.05 Gg), with implications for tropospheric OH calculations. Mexican methylchloroform emissions are minor. PMID:19320157

Millet, Dylan B; Atlas, Elliot L; Blake, Donald R; Blake, Nicola J; Diskin, Glenn S; Holloway, John S; Hudman, Rynda C; Meinardi, Simone; Ryerson, Thomas B; Sachse, Glen W

2009-02-15

100

Maternal Education and Maternal Behaviour in Mexico: Implications for the Changing Characteristics of Mexican Immigrants to the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article summarises findings of research designed to shed light on the mechanisms by which female schooling changes atttitudes to childbearing and childrearing in Mexico. The data reported come primarily from a 1987 survey in the rural Mexican town of Tilzapotla in the state of Morelos. Subsidiary data come from a later survey in 1990 and from a survey and

F. Medardo Tapia Uribe; Robert A. LeVine; Sarah E. LeVine

1993-01-01

101

Host records for Ornithonyssus sylviarum (Mesostigmata: Macronyssidae) from birds of North America (Canada, United States, and Mexico).  

PubMed

The northern fowl mite, Ornithonyssus sylviarum (Canestrini and Fanzago, 1877) (Mesostigmata: Macronyssidae) is a broadly distributed blood-feeding parasite that has been collected from many birds of temperate regions. Previously, the most complete host list was published in 1938, and it included 15 North American (Canada, United States, and Mexico) host species. In the process of a general survey of bird-associated mites in Alberta, Canada, we recovered many O. sylviarum specimens. Herein, we update the previous host list with these observations and records published since 1938. We collected mites by washing the bodies of salvaged birds and examining the filtrate. Northern fowl mites were collected from 26 host species, with 16 of these species being the first host records for North America. Including results from the current study, O. sylviarum has been reported from 72 species of North American birds from 26 families. This updated host list will be useful to anyone interested in the role of O. sylviarum in transmission of avian disease. PMID:17695029

Knee, Wayne; Proctor, Heather

2007-07-01

102

Potential effects of the United States-Mexico border fence on wildlife.  

PubMed

Security infrastructure along international boundaries threatens to degrade connectivity for wildlife. To explore potential effects of a fence under construction along the U.S.-Mexico border on wildlife, we assessed movement behavior of two species with different life histories whose regional persistence may depend on transboundary movements. We used radiotelemetry to assess how vegetation and landscape structure affect flight and natal dispersal behaviors of Ferruginous Pygmy-Owls (Glaucidium brasilianum), and satellite telemetry, gene-flow estimates, and least-cost path models to assess movement behavior and interpopulation connectivity of desert bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis mexicana). Flight height of Pygmy-Owls averaged only 1.4 m (SE 0.1) above ground, and only 23% of flights exceeded 4 m. Juvenile Pygmy-Owls dispersed at slower speeds, changed direction more, and had lower colonization success in landscapes with larger vegetation openings or higher levels of disturbance (p < or = 0.047), which suggests large vegetation gaps coupled with tall fences may limit transboundary movements. Female bighorn sheep crossed valleys up to 4.9 km wide, and microsatellite analyses indicated relatively high levels of gene flow and migration (95% CI for F(ST)=0.010-0.115, Nm = 1.9-24.8, M =10.4-15.4) between populations divided by an 11-km valley. Models of gene flow based on regional topography and movement barriers suggested that nine populations of bighorn sheep in northwestern Sonora are linked by dispersal with those in neighboring Arizona. Disruption of transboundary movement corridors by impermeable fencing would isolate some populations on the Arizona side. Connectivity for other species with similar movement abilities and spatial distributions may be affected by border development, yet mitigation strategies could address needs of wildlife and humans. PMID:19558522

Flesch, Aaron D; Epps, Clinton W; Cain, James W; Clark, Matt; Krausman, Paul R; Morgart, John R

2009-06-23

103

Nonfuel mineral resources in the United States-Mexico border region; a progress report on information available from the Center for Inter-American Mineral Resource Investigations (CIMRI)  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The exploitation of minerals has played a significant role in population growth and development of the U.S.Mexico border region. Recent proposed changes in regulations related to mining in the United States and changes in mining and investment regulations in Mexico have led to increased mineral exploration and development in Mexico, especially in the border region. As a preliminary step in the study of the mineral industry of this area, the Center for Inter-American Mineral Resource Investigations (CIMRI) of the U.S. Geological Survey has compiled mine and occurrence data for nonfuel minerals in the border region. Analysis of this information indicates that a wide variety of metallic and industrial mineral commodities are present which can be used in agriculture, infrastructure, environmental improvement, and other industries. Therefore, mining will continue to play a significant role in the economy of this region.

Orris, G. J.; Page, N. J.; Staude, J. G.; Bolm, K. S.; Carbonaro, M. M.; Gray, Floyd; Long, K. R.

1993-01-01

104

76 FR 45847 - Vendor Outreach Workshop for Small Businesses in New Mexico of the United States  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Department of the Interior and the Department of Agriculture are hosting a Vendor Outreach Workshop for small businesses in the State...on the Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization Web site at http://www.doi.gov/osdbu. Mark Oliver,...

2011-08-01

105

Ecology and management of oak and associated woodlands: Perspectives in the southwestern United States and northern Mexico. Forest Service general technical report  

SciTech Connect

The report includes three listings of research and management needs in the woodlands of the southwestern United States and northern Mexico. The first two provide an historical perspective to current efforts within the woodlands; the third listing represents suggestions and recommendations made by the participants at the 1992 symposium. Topics in the present listing are grouped under several broadly defined headings, such as general ecology, tree regeneration, mass production, wildlife, fire, hydrology and watershed management, social concerns, inventory and monitoring, and management.

Not Available

1992-08-01

106

Genetic Structure Analysis of Three Hispanic Populations from Costa Rica, Mexico, and the Southwestern United States Using Y-Chromosome STR Markers and mtDNA Sequences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two hundred seventeen male subjects from Costa Rica, Mexico, and the Hispanic population of the southwestern United States were studied. Twelve Y-chromosome STRs and the HVSI sequence of the mtDNA were analyzed to describe their genetic structure and to compare maternal and paternal lineages. All subjects are part of two NIMH-funded studies to localize schizophrenia susceptibility genes in Hispanic populations

Rebeca Campos-Sanchez; Ramiro. Barrantes; Sandra Honorato da. Silva; Michael. Escamilla; Alfonso. Ontiveros; Humberto. Nicolini; Ricardo. Mendoza; Henriette. Raventos

2006-01-01

107

RE-EXAMINATION OF THE TAXONOMY OF THE ONE SEEDED, SERRATE LEAF JUNIPERUS OF SOUTHWESTERN UNITED STATES AND NORTHERN MEXICO (CUPRESSACEAE)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The one-seeded, serrate leaf margined junipers of Southwestern United States and northern Mexico consist of J. angosturana, J. californica, J. coahuilensis var. arizonica, J. c. var. coahuilensis, J. monosperma, J. pinchotii, J. occidentalis var. australis, J. o. var. occidentalis and J. osteosperma. Recent nrDNA and trnC-trnD sequence data were compared with RAPDs analysis and two of the taxa (J. c.

Robert P. Adams; Sanko Nguyen; Julie A. Morris; Andrea E. Schwarzbach

108

State Effects on Labor ExploitationThe INS and undocumented immigrants at the Mexico-United States border  

Microsoft Academic Search

? The power of enforcing labor control and exploitation is often attrib uted to states. However, such claims need careful empirical and analytical verifi cation. In order to do this, we should view states 'from below', involving state agencies, state workers, and the policed population, elements that are ignored in most state theories. In the case of undocumented immigrants who

Josiah Mc C. Heyman

1998-01-01

109

A Regional Rainfall Climatology over Mexico and the Southwest United States Derived from Passive Microwave and Geosynchronous Infrared Data.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A three-year climatology of satellite-estimated rainfall for the warm season for the southwest United States and Mexico has been derived from data from the Special Sensor Microwave Imager (SSM/1). The microwave data have been stratified by month (June, July, August), yew (1988, 1989, 1990), and time of day (morning and evening orbits). A rain algorithm was employed that relates 86-GHz brightness temperatures to rain rate using a coupled cloud-radiative transfer model.Results identify an early evening maximum in rainfall along the western slope of the Sierra Madre Occidental during all three months. A prominent morning rainfall maximum was found off the western Mexican coast near Mazatlan in July and August. Substantial differences between morning and evening estimates were noted. To the extent that three years constitute a climatology, results of interannual variability are presented. Results are compared and contrasted to high-resolution (8 km, hourly) infrared cloud climatologies, which consist of the frequency of occurrence of cloud colder than 38°C and 58°C. This comparison has broad implications for the estimation of rainfall by simple (cloud threshold) techniques.By sampling the infrared data to approximate the time and space resolution of the microwave, we produce ratios (or adjustment factors) by which we can adjust the infrared rain estimation schemes. This produces a combined micro wave/infrared rain algorithm for monthly rainfall. Using a limited set of raingage data as ground truth, an improvement (lower bias and root-mean-square error) was demonstrated by this combined technique when compared to either method alone. The diurnal variability of convection during July 1990 was examined using hourly rain estimates from the GOES precipitation index and the convective stratiform technique, revealing a maximum in estimated rainfall from 1800 to 2100 local time. It is in this time period when the SSM/1 evening orbit occurs. A high-resolution topographic database was available to aid in interpreting the influence of topography on the rainfall patterns.

Negri, Andrew J.; Adler, Robert F.; Maddox, Robert A.; Howard, Kenneth W.; Keehn, Peter R.

1993-11-01

110

Towards effective emerging infectious disease surveillance: H1N1 in the United States 1976 and Mexico 2009  

Microsoft Academic Search

The comparison of Mexico’s 2009 A\\/H1N1 outbreak with the U.S. H1N1 outbreak of 1976 provides notable observations—based on the strengths and weaknesses of each country’s response—that can be used as a starting point of discussion for the design of effective Emerging Infectious Diseases (EIDs) surveillance programs in developing and middle-income countries. Strengths Mexico’s strongest characteristics were its transparency, as well

Sophal Ear

2011-01-01

111

International Migration, Self-Selection, and the Distribution of Wages: Evidence from Mexico and the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We use the 1990 and 2000 Mexican and U.S. population censuses to test Borjas's negative-selection hypothesis that the less skilled are those most likely to migrate from countries with high skill premia/earnings inequality to countries with low skill premia/earnings inequality. We find that Mexican immigrants in the United States are more educated…

Chiquiar, Daniel; Hanson, Gordon H.

2005-01-01

112

Using GIS to Assess Priorities of Infrastructure and Health Needs of Colonias along the United States-Mexico Border  

Microsoft Academic Search

Colonias, which are unincorporated border settlements in the United States, have emerged in rural areas without the governance and services normally provided by local government. Colonia residents live in poverty and lack adequate health care, potable water, and sanitation systems. These conditions create substantial health risks for themselves and surrounding communities. By 2001, more than 1,400 colonias were identified in

Jean W. Parcher; Delbert G. Humberson

2009-01-01

113

Genetic diversity of ‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ isolates in the United States and Mexico reveled by simple sequence repeat markers  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

‘Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum’ is associated with the Zebra Chip disorder of potatoes. A panel of eight simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers was developed and used to genetically characterize ‘Ca. L. solanacearum’ strains obtained from ZC-affected potato plants in the United States and Mexi...

114

Analysis of tomato and jalapeño and Serrano pepper imports into the United States from Mexico before and during a National Outbreak of Salmonella serotype Saintpaul infections in 2008.  

PubMed

Case-control studies conducted during a multistate outbreak of Salmonella enterica serotype Saintpaul infections in 2008 revealed associations between illness and the consumption of jalapeño peppers, Serrano peppers, and tomatoes. Traceback investigations of implicated jalapeño and Serrano peppers led to farms in Tamaulipas and Nuevo León, Mexico. We conducted a novel analysis of a U.S. Food and Drug Administration database of tomatoes and jalapeño and Serrano peppers imported from Mexico during the first half of 2008 to describe the temporal and spatial flow of these items into the United States. Shipments of all three produce items followed a south-to-northwest corridor; 87% of peppers and 97% of tomatoes produced in Mexican states located west of the Sierra Madre Occidental were transported to ports in California and Arizona, and 90% of peppers and 100% of tomatoes produced in states east of the Sierra Madre Occidental were transported to ports east of Arizona. We found a significant correlation between state-specific infection rates and quantity of imported Mexican jalapeño and Serrano peppers to U.S. states by the first-level consignee but not for imported Mexican tomatoes. We localized production regions of interest by finding that quantities of both peppers and tomatoes imported from the states of Nuevo León and Tamaulipas were correlated with infection rates. In outbreaks possibly caused by agricultural commodities, analysis of import databases may foster a better understanding of growing seasons, harvest sites, shipment itineraries, and consignee destinations, thereby adding valuable insight into findings derived from epidemiologic studies. PMID:21219707

Klontz, Karl C; Klontz, Joshua C; Mody, Rajal K; Hoekstra, Robert M

2010-11-01

115

The Reproductive Biology of Two Species of Pinon Pine in the Southwestern United States and Northern Mexico.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The reproductive strategies of two species of pinon pine were studies in fifteen populations ranging from northern Colorado to Chihuahua, Mexico. Pinus edulis and P. cembroides are morphologically similar and phylogenetically related, and are found in var...

M. E. Floyd

1982-01-01

116

Sources and Delivery of Nutrients to the Northwestern Gulf of Mexico from Streams in the South-Central United States1  

PubMed Central

Abstract SPAtially Referenced Regressions On Watershed attributes (SPARROW) models were developed to estimate nutrient inputs [total nitrogen (TN) and total phosphorus (TP)] to the northwestern part of the Gulf of Mexico from streams in the South-Central United States (U.S.). This area included drainages of the Lower Mississippi, Arkansas-White-Red, and Texas-Gulf hydrologic regions. The models were standardized to reflect nutrient sources and stream conditions during 2002. Model predictions of nutrient loads (mass per time) and yields (mass per area per time) generally were greatest in streams in the eastern part of the region and along reaches near the Texas and Louisiana shoreline. The Mississippi River and Atchafalaya River watersheds, which drain nearly two-thirds of the conterminous U.S., delivered the largest nutrient loads to the Gulf of Mexico, as expected. However, the three largest delivered TN yields were from the Trinity River/Galveston Bay, Calcasieu River, and Aransas River watersheds, while the three largest delivered TP yields were from the Calcasieu River, Mermentau River, and Trinity River/Galveston Bay watersheds. Model output indicated that the three largest sources of nitrogen from the region were atmospheric deposition (42%), commercial fertilizer (20%), and livestock manure (unconfined, 17%). The three largest sources of phosphorus were commercial fertilizer (28%), urban runoff (23%), and livestock manure (confined and unconfined, 23%).

Rebich, Richard A; Houston, Natalie A; Mize, Scott V; Pearson, Daniel K; Ging, Patricia B; Evan Hornig, C

2011-01-01

117

United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

U.S. higher education borrows its structure from both the British undergraduate college and German research university, but\\u000a its character is profoundly influenced by three major philosophical beliefs that shape American public life.1 Shaped by the\\u000a Jeffersonian ideals of limited government and freedom of expression, states, religious communities, and individuals established\\u000a and maintain a range of higher education institutions and continue

Peter D. Eckel; Jacqueline E. King

118

Using GIS to assess priorities of infrastructure and health needs of colonias along the United States-Mexico border  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Colonias, which are unincorporated border setdements in the United. States, have emerged in rural areas without the governance and services normally provided by local government. Colonia residents live in poverty and lack adequate health care, potable water, and sanitation systems. These conditions create substantial health risks for themselves and surrounding communities. By 2001, more than 1,400 colonias were identified in Texas. Cooperation with several Federal and Texas state agencies has allowed the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) to improve colonia Geographic Information System (GIS) boundaries and develop the Colonia Health, Infrastructure, and Platting Status tool (CHIPS). Together, the GIS boundaries and CHIPS aid the Texas government in prioritizing the limited funds that are available for infrastructure improvement. CHIPS's report: generator can be tailored, to the needs of the user, providing either broad or specific output. CHIPS is publicly available on the U.S. Geological Survey Border Environmental Health Initiative website at http://borderhealth.cr. usgs.gov.

Parcher, J. W.; Humberson, D. G.

2009-01-01

119

Mexico-United States Relations. Report of a Wingspread Symposium (Racine, WI, March 25-27, 1979).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Members of the U.S. and Mexican media, government officials, academics, and representatives of private organizations met to discuss issues and concerns of both countries. Topics included energy, trade and development, migration, bilateral governmental relations, and the role of the press in these affairs. Mexico's oil and natural gas reserves…

Meissner, David

120

Adolescent Drug Use in Mexico and among Mexican American Adolescents in the United States: Environmental Influences and Individual Characteristics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Compares cigarette, alcohol, and illegal drug use among high school students in Baja California Norte (BCN), Mexico with Mexican American students in Los Angeles (LA), California (N=516). Demographic variables, individual characteristics, and environmental influences were considered. Reports that more BCN students used alcohol and more LA…

Felix-Ortiz, Maria; Velazuez, Jorge A Villatoro; Medina-Mora, Maria Elena; Newcomb, Michael D.

2001-01-01

121

ADCIRC: An Advanced Three-Dimensional Circulation Model for Shelves, Coasts, and Estuaries. Report 5. A Tropical Storm Database for the East and Gulf of Mexico Coasts of the United States.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report summarizes results of a numerical storm surge study conducted for the east coast of the United States and the Gulf of Mexico. The report describes a database of surge elevations and currents produced from the numerical simulation of 134 histor...

C. A. Blain D. J. Mark J. J. Westerink N. W. Scheffner R. A. Luettich

1994-01-01

122

Wildfire and Spatial Patterns in Forests in Northwestern Mexico: The United States Wishes It Had Similar Fire Problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Knowledge of the ecological effect of wildfire is important to resource managers, especially from forests in which past anthropogenic influences, e.g., fire suppression and timber harvesting, have been limited. Changes to forest structure and regeneration patterns were documented in a relatively unique old-growth Jeffrey pine-mixed conifer forest in northwestern Mexico after a July 2003 wildfire. This forested area has never

Scott L. Stephens; Danny L. Fry; Ernesto Franco-Vizcaíno

123

Digital Government in North America: A Comparative Analysis of Policy and Program Priorities in Canada, Mexico, and the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a International digital government research has increased in the last 10 years. However, international research comparing or\\u000a analyzing relevant problems for the North American region is scarce. In an effort to lay the foundation for new research in\\u000a the context of North America, this chapter presents a comparative analysis of policy and program priorities of digital government\\u000a in Canada, Mexico, and

Luis F. Luna-Reyes; Theresa A. Pardo; J. Ramon Gil-Garcia; Celene Navarrete; Jing Zhang; Sehl Mellouli

124

Declining Return Migration from the United States to Mexico in the late-2000s Recession: A Research Note  

PubMed Central

Researchers in the U.S. and Mexico have variously asserted that return migration from the U.S. to Mexico has increased substantially, remained unchanged, or declined slightly in response to the 2008–2009 U.S. recession and fall 2008 global financial crisis. The present study addresses this debate using microdata through 2009 from a large-scale, quarterly Mexican household survey, the National Survey of Occupation and Employment (ENOE), after first validating the ENOE against return migration estimates from a specialist demographic survey, the National Survey of Demographic Dynamics (ENADID). Declines in annual return migration flows of up to a third between 2007 and 2009 were seen among the predominantly labor-migrant groups of male migrants and all 18 to 40 year old migrants with less than a college education, and a decline in total return migration was seen in the fourth quarter of 2008 (immediately after the triggering of the global financial crisis) compared to the fourth quarter of 2007.

Rendall, Michael S.; Brownell, Peter; Kups, Sarah

2011-01-01

125

Preliminary integrated geologic map databases for the United States : Central states : Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, Missouri, Arkansas, and Louisiana  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The growth in the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) has highlighted the need for regional and national digital geologic maps attributed with age and lithology information. Such maps can be conveniently used to generate derivative maps for purposes including mineral-resource assessment, metallogenic studies, tectonic studies, and environmental research. This Open-File Report is a preliminary version of part of a series of integrated state geologic map databases that cover the entire United States. The only national-scale digital geologic maps that portray most or all of the United States for the conterminous U.S. are the digital version of the King and Beikman (1974a, b) map at a scale of 1:2,500,000, as digitized by Schruben and others (1994) and the digital version of the Geologic Map of North America (Reed and others, 2005a, b) compiled at a scale of 1:5,000,000 which is currently being prepared by the U.S. Geological Survey. The present series of maps is intended to provide the next step in increased detail. State geologic maps that range in scale from 1:100,000 to 1:1,000,000 are available for most of the country, and digital versions of these state maps are the basis of this product. In a few cases, new digital compilations were prepared (e.g. OH, SC, SD) or existing paper maps were digitized (e.g. KY, TX). For Alaska and Hawaii, new regional maps are being compiled and ultimately new state maps will be produced. The digital geologic maps are presented in standardized formats as ARC/INFO (.e00) export files and as ArcView shape (.shp) files. Accompanying these spatial databases are a set of five supplemental data tables that relate the map units to detailed lithologic and age information. The maps for the CONUS have been fitted to a common set of state boundaries based on the 1:100,000 topographic map series of the United States Geological Survey (USGS). When the individual state maps are merged, the combined attribute tables can be used directly with the merged maps to make derivative maps. No attempt has been made to reconcile differences in mapped geology across state lines. This is the first version of this product and it will be subsequently updated to include four additional states (North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, and Iowa)

Stoeser, Douglas B.; Green, Gregory N.; Morath, Laurie C.; Heran, William D.; Wilson, Anna B.; Moore, David W.; Van Gosen, Bradley S.

2005-01-01

126

Adverse pregnancy outcomes and sexual violence among female sex workers who inject drugs on the United States-Mexico border.  

PubMed

This study examines the prevalence of miscarriage/stillbirth among female sex workers who inject drugs (FSW-IDUs) and measures its associations with physical and sexual violence. Baseline data from 582 FSW-IDUs enrolled in an HIV intervention study in Tijuana and Ciudad Juárez, Mexico were used for current analyses. 30% of participants had experienced at least one miscarriage/stillbirth, 51% had experienced sexual violence, and 49% had experienced physical violence. History of miscarriage/stillbirth was associated with sexual violence (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 1.7, p = .02) but not physical violence. Additional reproductive risks associated with miscarriage/stillbirth included high numbers of male clients in the previous month (aOR = 1.1 per 30 clients, p = 0.04), history of abortion (aOR = 3.7, p < .001), and higher number of pregnancies (aOR = 1.4 per additional pregnancy, p < .001). Programs and research with this population should integrate reproductive health and consider gender-based violence. PMID:23862312

McDougal, Lotus; Strathdee, Steffanie A; Rangel, Gudelia; Martinez, Gustavo; Vera, Alicia; Sirotin, Nicole; Stockman, Jamila K; Ulibarri, Monica D; Raj, Anita

2013-01-01

127

Geologic assessment of undiscovered conventional oil and gas resources--Middle Eocene Claiborne Group, United States part of the Gulf of Mexico Basin  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Middle Eocene Claiborne Group was assessed using established U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) assessment methodology for undiscovered conventional hydrocarbon resources as part of the 2007 USGS assessment of Paleogene-Neogene strata of the United States part of the Gulf of Mexico Basin including onshore and State waters. The assessed area is within the Upper Jurassic-Cretaceous-Tertiary Composite total petroleum system, which was defined as part of the assessment. Source rocks for Claiborne oil accumulations are interpreted to be organic-rich downdip shaley facies of the Wilcox Group and the Sparta Sand of the Claiborne Group; gas accumulations may have originated from multiple sources including the Jurassic Smackover and Haynesville Formations and Bossier Shale, the Cretaceous Eagle Ford and Pearsall(?) Formations, and the Paleogene Wilcox Group and Sparta Sand. Hydrocarbon generation in the basin started prior to deposition of Claiborne sediments and is ongoing at present. Emplacement of hydrocarbons into Claiborne reservoirs has occurred primarily via vertical migration along fault systems; long-range lateral migration also may have occurred in some locations. Primary reservoir sands in the Claiborne Group include, from oldest to youngest, the Queen City Sand, Cook Mountain Formation, Sparta Sand, Yegua Formation, and the laterally equivalent Cockfield Formation. Hydrocarbon traps dominantly are rollover anticlines associated with growth faults; salt structures and stratigraphic traps also are important. Sealing lithologies probably are shaley facies within the Claiborne and in the overlying Jackson Group. A geologic model, supported by spatial analysis of petroleum geology data including discovered reservoir depths, thicknesses, temperatures, porosities, permeabilities, and pressures, was used to divide the Claiborne Group into seven assessment units (AU) with distinctive structural and depositional settings. The AUs include (1) Lower Claiborne Stable Shelf Gas and Oil (50470120), (2) Lower Claiborne Expanded Fault Zone Gas (50470121), (3) Lower Claiborne Slope and Basin Floor Gas (50470122), (4) Lower Claiborne Cane River (50470123), (5) Upper Claiborne Stable Shelf Gas and Oil (50470124), (6) Upper Claiborne Expanded Fault Zone Gas (50470125), and (7) Upper Claiborne Slope and Basin Floor Gas (50470126). Total estimated mean undiscovered conventional hydrocarbon resources in the seven assessment units combined are 52 million barrels of oil, 19.145 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, and 1.205 billion barrels of natural gas liquids. A recurring theme that emerged from the evaluation of the seven Claiborne AUs is that the great bulk of undiscovered hydrocarbon resources comprise non-associated gas and condensate contained in deep (mostly >12,000 feet), overpressured, structurally complex outer shelf or slope and basin floor reservoirs. The continuing development of these downdip objectives is expected to be the primary focus of exploration activity for the onshore Middle Eocene Gulf Coast in the coming decades.

Hackley, Paul C.

2012-01-01

128

United States-Mexican relations: Between conflict and cooperation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this dissertation is to explore the causes of conflict and cooperation between Mexico and the United States. The dissertation uses the case-study approach methodology. Three case studies are presented: NAFTA, drug trafficking, and immigration. NAFTA represents a singular scheme of cooperation between Mexico and the United States, the drug trafficking issue best exemplifies a simultaneous pattern of

Rafael Velazquez Flores

1999-01-01

129

Cross-national differences in clinically significant cannabis problems: epidemiologic evidence from 'cannabis-only' smokers in the United States, Mexico, and Colombia  

PubMed Central

Background Epidemiological studies show wide variability in the occurrence of cannabis smoking and related disorders across countries. This study aims to estimate cross-national variation in cannabis users' experience of clinically significant cannabis-related problems in three countries of the Americas, with a focus on cannabis users who may have tried alcohol or tobacco, but who have not used cocaine, heroin, LSD, or other internationally regulated drugs. Methods Data are from the World Mental Health Surveys Initiative and the National Latino and Asian American Study, with probability samples in Mexico (n = 4426), Colombia (n = 5,782) and the United States (USA; n = 8,228). The samples included 212 'cannabis only' users in Mexico, 260 in Colombia and 1,724 in the USA. Conditional GLM with GEE and 'exact' methods were used to estimate variation in the occurrence of clinically significant problems in cannabis only (CO) users across these surveyed populations. Results The experience of cannabis-related problems was quite infrequent among CO users in these countries, with weighted frequencies ranging from 1% to 5% across survey populations, and with no appreciable cross-national variation in general. CO users in Colombia proved to be an exception. As compared to CO users in the USA, the Colombia smokers were more likely to have experienced cannabis-associated 'social problems' (odds ratio, OR = 3.0; 95% CI = 1.4, 6.3; p = 0.004) and 'legal problems' (OR = 9.7; 95% CI = 2.7, 35.2; p = 0.001). Conclusions This study's most remarkable finding may be the similarity in occurrence of cannabis-related problems in this cross-national comparison within the Americas. Wide cross-national variations in estimated population-level cumulative incidence of cannabis use disorders may be traced to large differences in cannabis smoking prevalence, rather than qualitative differences in cannabis experiences. More research is needed to identify conditions that might make cannabis-related social and legal problems more frequent in Colombia than in the USA.

2010-01-01

130

S. 1929: A Bill to provide for a program to monitor and improve air quality in regions along the border between the United States and the United States of Mexico. Introduced in the Senate of the United States, One Hundredth First Congress, First Session, November 20, 1989  

SciTech Connect

This bill was introduced into the U.S. Senate on November 20, 1989 to provide for a program to monitor and improve air quality in regions along the border between the United States and Mexico. The administrator of the U.S. EPA is authorized by this legislation to establish a program to monitor and improve air quality along the border for a period of 60 months beginning on July 1, 1990. The key feature of the bill is to identify and determine sources of pollutants for which national ambient air quality standards have been established in this region. Other components of the program include collecting meteorological data, measuring air quality, and compiling emissions data which can be used in a mathematical air modeling analysis. These data should project reduction levels necessary for both countries to bring about attainment of national ambient air quality standards and other air quality goals. In addition, joint remediation measures will be negotiated between the U.S. and Mexico to reduce the level of air pollutants in order to achieve and maintain these air quality standards and goals.

Not Available

1989-01-01

131

Health, United States, 2012  

MedlinePLUS

... NCHS Home Publications & Information Products Health, United States, 2012 Health, United States is an annual report on trends in health statistics. 2012 Edition What's New! Complete Report At a Glance ...

132

United States Business Responds  

Microsoft Academic Search

United States business abroad is a show case for the values, policies, and practices of the United States. To build friendly and profitable relations in Latin America, United States private enterprise active there has followed the practices of staying out of local politics, employing local people to the fullest extent possible, and assimilating the local customs and language. An atmosphere

J. Peter Grace

1961-01-01

133

CVLC: United States Geography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What are the major rivers, mountain ranges, and plains of the United States? Follow the directions in each section carefully to fill in and label a blank map of the United States. You will use only one map. Or in other words complete each section on the same map. 1. Mountain Ranges of the United States With ...

Cade

2008-09-04

134

Morphological variation in glochidia shells of six species of Elliptio from Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Coast drainages in the southeastern United States  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The genus Elliptio, with 36 currently recognized species, is the largest genus in the family Unionidae in North America. The genus is represented by two species, Elliptio crassidens and E. dilatata, in the Interior Basin and 34 species in drainages of the eastern Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Coast. The paucity and variation of conchological characters in the genus Elliptio makes it extremely difficult to define species and determine relationships. We examined glochidia from six species of Elliptio in an effort to determine if there are useful characteristics for species level identification and/or characters for identification of species groups. Elliptio species were selected to represent different morphological groups from four drainages in the southeastern United States. The glochidia from E. crassidens, E. dariensis, E. hopetonensis, E. icterina, E. shepardiana, and E. mcmichaeli were qualitatively compared, using scanning electron microscopy, with each other and with descriptions of these and other Elliptio glochidia described in the literature. Two groups were identified. The crassidens group, including E. crassidens, E. dariensis, and E. mcmichaeli, had subtriangular glochidia with a triangular styliform hook extending from the ventral margin of the valve and rough exterior valve sculpturing. Adults of this group had wrinkled or corrugated sculpturing on the posterior slope of the shell. The complanata group, including E. hopetonensis, E. icterina, and E. shepardiana, had subelliptical glochidia with a broad flange extending the entire ventral margin and loose-looped exterior valve sculpturing. Adults of this group lack sculpturing on the posterior slope of the shell. Differences in glochidial morphometrics were found, however, additional work is needed to determine if they are reliable for species level identification.

O'Brien, C. A.; Williams, J. D.; Hoggarth, M. A.

2003-01-01

135

Reported Historic Asbestos Mines, Historic Asbestos Prospects, and Natural Asbestos Occurrences in the Rocky Mountain States of the United States (Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, and Wyoming)  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This map and its accompanying dataset provide information for 48 natural asbestos occurrences in the Rocky Mountain States of the United States (U.S.), using descriptions found in the geologic literature. Data on location, mineralogy, geology, and relevant literature for each asbestos site are provided. Using the map and digital data in this report, the user can examine the distribution of previously reported asbestos occurrences and their geological characteristics in the Rocky Mountain States. This report is part of an ongoing study by the U.S. Geological Survey to identify and map reported natural asbestos occurrences in the U.S., which thus far includes similar maps and datasets of natural asbestos occurrences within the Eastern U.S. (http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2005/1189/) and the Central U.S. (http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2006/1211/). These reports are intended to provide State and local government agencies and other stakeholders with geologic information on natural occurrences of asbestos in the U.S.

Van Gosen, Bradley S.

2007-01-01

136

State Teacher Policy Yearbook, 2009. New Mexico  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This New Mexico edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) 2009 "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the third annual look at state policies impacting the teaching profession. It is hoped that this report will help focus attention on areas where state policymakers can make changes that will have a positive impact on teacher…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2009

2009-01-01

137

Climatic Role of the Southerly Flow from the Gulf of Mexico in Interannual Variations in Summer Rainfall in the Central United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study continues the investigation of causes of the interannual variations in summer rainfall in the central United States. A previous study by the authors showed that the ENSO teleconnection significantly affected the interannual variations in summer rainfall in the central United States in two epochs, 1871-1916 and 1949-78. The teleconnection effect weakened in the epochs 1917-48 and 1979-97. The

QI H UA; NDSONG FENG

2001-01-01

138

Seroprevalence of select bloodborne pathogens and associated risk behaviors among injection drug users in the Paso del Norte region of the United StatesMexico border  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The region situated where the borders of Mexico, Texas and New Mexico meet is known as 'Paso del Norte'. The Paso del Norte Collaborative was formed to study the seroprevalence of select pathogens and associated risk behaviors among injection drug users (IDUs) in the region. METHODS: Respondent-driven sampling (RDS) was used: 459 IDU participants included 204 from Mexico; 155

Joan P Baumbach; Lily N Foster; Mark Mueller; Michelle Firestone Cruz; Sonia Arbona; Sharon Melville; Rebeca Ramos; Steffanie A Strathdee

2008-01-01

139

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... UNITED STATES OF AMERICA ... We have control. We commit to ... the company looked at controlling for algorithm variations based on ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

140

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text VersionPage 1. 317 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION + + + ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

141

United States Code  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Every six years, the Office of the Law Revision Counsel, US House of Representatives, publishes the United States Code, the "codification of the general and permanent laws of the United States." The first seven titles of the 2000 code have been made available this month at GPO Access. The code can be browsed and searched, and search results include citations plus links to the full text of the legislation.

2001-01-01

142

SUITABILITY OF DIORHABDA ELONGATA (COLEOPTERA: CHRYSOMELIDAE) FOR BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF SALTCEDARS (TAMARIX SPP.) IN THE SOUTHERN UNITED STATES AND NORTHERN MEXICO  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Populations of the leaf beetle, Diorhabda elongata (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) from Fukang, China and Chilik, Kazakhstan were released into the open field in May 2001 in the United States at 5 release sites north of the 38th parallel and initially appear to be achieving successful biological control...

143

Molecular Epidemiology of Vesicular Stomatitis New Jersey Virus from the 2004-2005 United States Outbreak Indicates a Common Origin with Mexico Strains  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Outbreaks of vesicular stomatitis occur at 8-10 year intervals in the southwestern United States (US) with the most recent outbreak starting in 2004 and continuing in 2005. Phylogenetic relationships among 116 vesicular stomatitis-New Jersey virus (VSNJV) isolates obtained from this outbreak and end...

144

The renowned cactus moth, Cactoblastis cactorum: its natural history and threat to native Opuntia floras in Mexico and the United States of America  

Microsoft Academic Search

The cactus moth, Cactoblastis cactorum (Berg) (Phycitidae) is native to South America. It was released as a biological control agent against alien Opuntia -cacti in Australia in the 1920s, then in southern Africa, and latterly on several islands, including those in the Caribbean. In 1989, the cactus moth was discovered in Florida, in the United States of America, where it

H. G. Zimmermann; V. C. Moran; J. H. Hoffmann

2000-01-01

145

United States Travel Challenge  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Find out everything you might need (or want) to know about the states in the U.S. Students, You have been assigned two states to research as part of our United States history studies this year. Your task is to create a brochure or video that will entice people to come to your school. We will be presenting these to another grade level. Those students ...

Glover, Mrs.

2008-10-01

146

Rio Arriba County Strategy To Combat Heroin Addiction. Hearing before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations, United States Senate, One Hundred Sixth Congress, First Session. Special Hearing (Espanola, New Mexico, March 30, 1999).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|At an Espanola (New Mexico) hearing, the Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies of the Senate Committee on Appropriations heard testimony on heroin addiction and intervention efforts in Rio Arriba County, New Mexico. An opening statement of Senator Pete Domenici outlined the problem of an epidemic of…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Appropriations.

147

9 CFR 327.2 - Eligibility of foreign countries for importation of products into the United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...into the United States from countries...for entry into the United States after inspection...Eire), Italy, Japan, Mexico, Netherlands...Poland, Republic of China, (Taiwan), Republic...May export to the United States only processed...

2010-01-01

148

9 CFR 327.2 - Eligibility of foreign countries for importation of products into the United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...into the United States from countries...for entry into the United States after inspection...Eire), Italy, Japan, Mexico, Netherlands...Poland, Republic of China, (Taiwan), Republic...May export to the United States only processed...

2009-01-01

149

49 CFR 1572.203 - Transportation of explosives from Canada to the United States via railroad carrier.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Transportation of explosives from Canada to the United States via railroad carrier...Transportation of Hazardous Materials From Canada or Mexico To and Within the United States...203 Transportation of explosives from Canada to the United States via railroad...

2010-10-01

150

49 CFR 1572.203 - Transportation of explosives from Canada to the United States via railroad carrier.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Transportation of explosives from Canada to the United States via railroad carrier...Transportation of Hazardous Materials From Canada or Mexico To and Within the United States...203 Transportation of explosives from Canada to the United States via railroad...

2009-10-01

151

FOSTERING MULTI-LATERAL COOPERATION BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENTS OF MEXICO, COLOMBIA, AND THE UNITED STATES TO ENHANCE THE PROTECTION OF HIGH-ACTIVITY RADIOACTIVE SOURCES  

SciTech Connect

The Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI) reduces and protects vulnerable nuclear and radiological material located at civilian sites worldwide from sabotage, theft or diversion. The GTRI program has worked successfully with foreign countries to remove and protect nuclear and radioactive materials including high-activity sources used in medical, commercial, and research applications. There are many barriers to successful bilateral cooperation that must be overcome including language, preconceived perceptions, long distances, and different views on the threat and protection requirements. Successful cooperation is often based on relationships and building trusting relationships takes time. In the case of Mexico, GTRI first made contact in 2005. The project then lost momentum and stalled. At the same time, GTRI’s cooperation with the Republic of Colombia was a resounding success resulting in the securing of forty sites; the consolidation of numerous disused/orphan sources at a secure national storage facility; and, the development of a comprehensive approach to security including, inter alia, training and sustainability. The government of Colombia also showcased this comprehensive approach to thirteen Central American and Caribbean countries at a GTRI regional security conference held in Panama in October 2004. Representatives from the Colombian government were aware of GTRI’s interest in initiating cooperation with the Government of Mexico and to facilitate this cooperation, they offered to invite their Mexican counterparts to Colombia to observe its successful cooperation with GTRI. Shortly after that visit, the Government of Mexico agreed to move forward and requested that the cooperative efforts in Mexico be performed in a tripartite manner, leveraging the skills, experience, and resources of the Colombians. As a result, 22 of Mexico’s largest radioactive sites have had security upgrades in place within 18 months of cooperation.

Butler, Nicholas; Watson, Erica E.; Wright, Kyle A.

2009-10-07

152

Challenges of Cultural and Racial Diversity to Counseling: Volume 2. Latin America and the United States. Mexico City Conference Proceedings (June 1990).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Papers from the second international conference of the American Counseling Association held in Mexico City in June 1990 are included in this book. The book is divided into four parts: community, diversity, communication, and spirituality. The following papers are included: (1) Myths, Realities, and Implications of the English Only Movement in the…

Gonzalez, Gerardo M., Ed.; and Others

153

Potential infection of Claviceps africana Frederickson, Mantle and de Milliano in sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench.] in Mexico and the United States of America  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Experiments were at College Station, USA, and Rio Bravo and Celaya, Mexico, under irrigated conditions during 2002 and 2003. Six sorghum hybrids and three male-sterile lines were planted at each location. Claviceps africana isolates were applied every other morning. Panicles were inoculated using...

154

The United States and the United Nations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United Nations is in a period of peril. Soviet disruptions threaten to destroy its effectiveness. The West and its friends are not united in their support of it or in their advocacy of policies. Many newly admitted members have yet to demonstrate international political responsibility. The fiscal basis upon which the organization operates is not sound. The United States

Francis O. Wilcox

1961-01-01

155

Reproductive Biology of Cobia, Rachycentron canadum, from Coastal Waters of the Southern United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reproductive biology of the cobia, Rachycentron canadum, is described from four coastal areas in the southern United States. Samples were obtained from recreational fishermen between December 1995 and November 1997 from the southeastern United States (Morehead City, NC, to Cape Canaveral, FL), the eastern Gulf of Mexico (Ft. Myers to Crystal River, FL), the north-central Gulf of Mexico (Destin, FL,

Nancy J. Brown-Peterson; Robin M. Overstreet; Jeffrey M. Lotz; James S. Franks; Karen M. Burns

2000-01-01

156

Drinking in the injury event: a comparison of Mexican-American male ER patients in the United States and in Mexico.  

PubMed

Probability samples of 66 Mexican-American injured male emergency room (ER) patients in Santa Clara County, CA, and 457 injured male ER patients in Pachuca, Mexico are compared on a number of drinking-in-the-event variables. While those in Pachuca were more likely to be positive on the breathalyzer than those in Santa Clara, they were less likely to attribute a causal association of their drinking with the event. Site (Santa Clara) was found to be a significant (positive) predictor of drinking prior to injury. PMID:11848157

Cherpitel, Cheryl J; Borges, Guilherme

2002-01-01

157

2011 State Teacher Policy Yearbook. New Mexico  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For five years running, the National Council on Teacher Quality (NCTQ) has tracked states' teacher policies, preparing a detailed and thorough compendium of teacher policy in the United States on topics related to teacher preparation, licensure, evaluation, career advancement, tenure, compensation, pensions and dismissal. The 2011 State Teacher…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2011

2011-01-01

158

Soil-borne polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in El Paso, Texas: Analysis of a potential problem in the United States/Mexico border region  

PubMed Central

Ultrasonic extraction followed by Stir Bar Sorptive Extraction (SBSE) and thermal desorption inline coupled with Gas Chromatography and Mass Spectrometry (TD/GC/MS)was used to perform a comprehensive determination of soil-borne polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in El Paso, Texas. The method provided good sensitivity and faster processing time for the analysis. The total PAHs in El Paso soil ranged from 0.1 to 2225.5 µg kg?1. Although the majority of PAH concentrations did not exceed the soil screening levels regulated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency, the existence of PAHs in this ecosystem is ubiquitous. Naphthalene were found in 100% of the soil samples; while the heavy PAHs (five- and six-ring) were not often detected and mostly remained in closer proximity to industrial areas and major traffic points. The results ruled out the possibility of petroleum refining as the significant source of local soil-borne PAH contamination, but they suggested that the PAHs found in El Paso soil were closely linked to human activities and possible other industrial processes.

De La Torre-Roche, Roberto J.; Lee, Wen-Yee; Campos-Diaz, Sandra I.

2009-01-01

159

New Mexico State Department of Education, Division of Indian Education. 1970-71 Annual Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An annual report (1970-71) of New Mexico's State Department of Education, Division of Indian Education, this document presents data pertaining to the 20 schools receiving Johnson-O'Malley benefits. Observations from the Director of Indian Education indicate that kindergarten units were expanded to 41 units in 12 districts; that 10 Indian…

New Mexico State Dept. of Education, Santa Fe. Div. of Indian Education.

160

Dickerson v. United States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

During the summer of 2000, the high court released a number of momentous decisions, ruling on "partial birth abortions," the Boy Scouts's ban on gays, the Miranda warning, California's "Blanket" primary, and hate crime sentencing standards. In Dickerson v. United States, the court ruled 7-2 to uphold the Miranda warning and strike down a previously little-known 1968 law that allowed "voluntary confessions" even if they were obtained before a suspect was read their rights. (For more on this decision see the In the News from this week's Scout Report for Social Sciences). As always, the full text of the syllabi and both opinions in all of these cases can be read in HTML or .pdf format at the Legal Information Institute at Cornell Law School Supreme Court Collection site.

2000-01-01

161

Status of the peregrine falcon in the Rocky Mountains and the southwestern United States, Baja California, and Mexico (south of Texas)  

USGS Publications Warehouse

About 31 pairs of peregrines still nest north of Mexico, from Idaho and Montana south through West Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. At least thirty-six additional pairs nest in Mexico. Although the nesting sites are occupied, the tissues of the peregrine?s prey species still contain high concentrations of pesticides. The eggs in some Rocky Mountain eyries have shells which are precariously thin and have high residue levels of DDE in their contents. Increasing economic development is encroaching on the peregrine habitat throughout its range in western North America. In Baja California. and Mexico south of Texas this involves increased agricultural activity including use of organochlorine pesticides, increased tourism and increased use of the Gulf of California both for commercial and sport fishing, with their potential disturbance of eyrie sites and reduction of the peregrine?s aquatic feeding prey base. As the fish in the Gulf decrease in number, some of the avian species on which peregrines prey will likewise decrease. This ultimately may effect the peregrine. These factors may have been involved in the demise of the peregrine on Baja California?s Pacific coast. Furthermore, throughout its range, residential, industrial, mining, geothermal, recreational and other types of development and land use practices sometimes destroy habitat essential to the survival of the peregrine. A recent request for the protection of an historical site in California as Critical Habitat under Section 7 of the Endangered Species Act was rejected because peregrines, although observed there, were not known to have produced eggs or young at the site for several decades. With inadequate protection of abandoned, but still suitable, historical eyrie sites, the peregrine may have an insufficient number of eyries to reoccupy in recovery attempts. The lack of present occupancy of a site, without biological evidence that the site is no longer suitable for reoccupancy, is insufficient cause to give up the site to the pressures of development. Since destruction of habitat is forever, preservation of this essential habitat is of utmost importance to the survival of the species. On the other hand, we must not allow the peregrine, or other of the endangered species, to be used as levers for the sole purpose of restricting economic development. When an impasse between the two does occur, our defense of the endangered species must be justified on sound biological evidence if the Endangered Species Act of 1973 is to survive. The formation of the recovery teams, the development of recovery plans, and the success of captive breeding and reintroduction projects are all on the plus side of the ledger for the peregrine. They suggest optimism for the future of the peregrine, providing use of DDT is restricted both north and south of our southern border, and a sufficient number of the still suitable inactive eyrie sites are preserved to effect recovery. We need to categorize all active and inactive sites on the basis of quality and/or suitability for reoccupancy and preserve those required for the recovery of the species. Categorizing inactive eyries as to suitability for reoccupancy will provide land management agencies information badly needed for critical value judgements affecting the future of the peregrine falcon in the West.

Porter, R.D.; Craig, G.R.; Ellis, D.H.; Enderson, J.H.; Hunt, W.G.

1978-01-01

162

77 FR 70693 - Approval and Promulgation of State Implementation Plans; State of New Mexico; Regional Haze Rule...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of State Implementation Plans; State of New Mexico; Regional Haze Rule Requirements...SUMMARY: EPA is approving New Mexico State Implementation Plan (SIP...and December 1, 2003, by the Governor of New Mexico addressing the regional haze...

2012-11-27

163

40 CFR 272.1601 - New Mexico State-Administered Program: Final Authorization.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false New Mexico State-Administered Program: Final Authorization...STATE HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS New Mexico § 272.1601 New Mexico State-Administered Program: Final...

2010-07-01

164

40 CFR 272.1601 - New Mexico State-Administered Program: Final Authorization.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false New Mexico State-Administered Program: Final Authorization...STATE HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS New Mexico § 272.1601 New Mexico State-Administered Program: Final...

2009-07-01

165

77 FR 36043 - Approval and Promulgation of State Implementation Plans; New Mexico; Regional Haze Rule...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Promulgation of State Implementation Plans; New Mexico; Regional Haze Rule Requirements...Promulgation of State Implementation Plans; New Mexico; Regional Haze Rule Requirements...SUMMARY: EPA is proposing to approve New Mexico State Implementation Plan...

2012-06-15

166

Creating the United States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As with other countries, the United States is very much a "work in progress". Of course, the nation's founders made a concerted effort to form a republic that would be able to govern effectively across a large geographic region and a plethora of different cultural traditions. This thoughtful and introspective online exhibit from the Library of Congress brings together a set of interactive resources and activities organized around themes that include "Creating the Declaration of Independence" and "Creating the Bill of Rights". Clicking on these themes will bring visitors to a brief narrative essay that sets the tone for the primary and secondary historical documents within each area. Here visitors will find such gems as an early map of the Appalachians, woodcuts of early Presidents, and the musings of Thomas Paine, among many others. Moving on, visitors should not miss the "Interactives" area. Here they can test their mettle by connecting particular phrases and ideas set down in the Declaration of Independence with the key texts that preceded it. And if visitors aren't stumped there (or even if they are), they can try the same tasks with the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. After a visit to this site, some may even find themselves dusting off their old civics textbooks or at least planning a trip to a local government facility for further edification.

167

A population-based study of first and second-line drug-resistant tuberculosis in a high-burden area of the Mexico/United States border.  

PubMed

The resistance of 139 Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) isolates from the city of Monterrey, Northeast Mexico, to first and second-line anti-TB drugs was analysed. A total of 73 isolates were susceptible and 66 were resistant to anti-TB drugs. Monoresistance to streptomycin, isoniazid (INH) and ethambutol was observed in 29 cases. Resistance to INH was found in 52 cases and in 29 cases INH resistance was combined with resistance to two or three drugs. A total of 24 isolates were multidrug-resistant (MDR) resistant to at least INH and rifampicin and 11 MDR cases were resistant to five drugs. The proportion of MDR-TB among new TB cases in our target population was 0.72% (1/139 cases). The proportion of MDR-TB among previously treated cases was 25.18% (35/139 cases). The 13 polyresistant and 24 MDR isolates were assayed against the following seven second-line drugs: amikacin (AMK), kanamycin (KAN), capreomycin (CAP), clofazimine (CLF), ethionamide (ETH), ofloxacin (OFL) and cycloserine (CLS). Resistance to CLF, OFL or CLS was not observed. Resistance was detected to ETH (10.80%) and to AMK (2.70%), KAN (2.70%) and CAP (2.70%). One isolate of MDR with primary resistance was also resistant to three second-line drugs. Monterrey has a high prevalence of MDR-TB among previously treated cases and extensively drug-resistant-MTB strains may soon appear. PMID:23579794

Becerril-Montes, Pola; Said-Fernández, Salvador; Luna-Herrera, Julieta; Caballero-Olín, Guillermo; Enciso-Moreno, José Antonio; Martínez-Rodríguez, Herminia Guadalupe; Padilla-Rivas, Gerardo; Nancy-Garza-Treviño, Elsa; Molina-Salinas, Gloria María

2013-04-01

168

77 FR 3224 - New Mexico: Incorporation by Reference of State Hazardous Waste Management Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Mexico: Incorporation by Reference of State Hazardous Waste Management Program AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency...regulations entitled ``Approved State Hazardous Waste Management Programs,'' New Mexico's authorized...

2012-01-23

169

Impact of the North American Free Trade Agreement on Transportation in the Border Areas of the United States with Emphasis on the California-Mexico Border.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Norman Y. Mineta International Institute for Surface Policy Studies (IISTPS) at San Jose State University conducted this study to identify impacts of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) on transportation in the U.S. border areas, with emph...

G. E. Gray

1999-01-01

170

UNITED STATES RENAL DATA SYSTEM  

EPA Science Inventory

The United States Renal Data System (USRDS) is a national data system that collects, analyzes, and distributes information about end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in the United States. The USRDS is funded directly by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseas...

171

Climates of the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document is designed to provide basic information about the climates of the United States and the causes of these climates. Events of interest in the climatological history of the United States are described and illustrated by many maps, charts and diagrams. The booklet has three major parts. Part I discusses climate and climate control in…

Baldwin, John L.

172

Chronostratigraphy and paleomagnetism of the Balsas Group in the Tuzantlán-Copalillo basin, northern Guerrero state, Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Cenozoic sedimentary fi ll of the Tuzantlán-Copalillo basin, in northeast Guerrero state, Mexico, is assigned to two distinct stratigraphic units. The fi rst unit consists of a ~200 m thick fi ning upward section that grades eastward from massive cobble and boulder conglomerate into interbedded coarse conglomeratic sandstone and mudstone. The sandstone and mudstone facies of this unit has

Roberto S. Molina-Garza; Amabel Ortega-River

2006-01-01

173

Spatial and Temporal Distribution of Tuberculosis in the State of Mexico, Mexico  

PubMed Central

Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the oldest human diseases that still affects large population groups. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there were approximately 9.4 million new cases worldwide in the year 2010. In Mexico, there were 18,848 new cases of TB of all clinical variants in 2010. The identification of clusters in space-time is of great interest in epidemiological studies. The objective of this research was to identify the spatial and temporal distribution of TB during the period 2006–2010 in the State of Mexico, using geographic information system (GIS) and SCAN statistics program. Nine significant clusters (P < 0.05) were identified using spatial and space-time analysis. The conclusion is that TB in the State of Mexico is not randomly distributed but is concentrated in areas close to Mexico City.

Zaragoza Bastida, Adrian; Hernandez Tellez, Marivel; Bustamante Montes, Lilia P.; Medina Torres, Imelda; Jaramillo Paniagua, Jaime Nicolas; Mendoza Martinez, German David; Ramirez Duran, Ninfa

2012-01-01

174

75 FR 9252 - Notice of Relocation/Change of Street Address for New Mexico State Office  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Bureau of Land Management, New Mexico State Office located at 1474 Rodeo Road, Santa Fe, New Mexico has relocated to 301 Dinosaur Trail, Santa Fe, New Mexico. DATES: Effective Date: November 2, 2009. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The office at...

2010-03-01

175

The United States Uranium Industry, 1993  

SciTech Connect

Low prices and foreign competition continue to plague the United States uranium industry. For eight years (1984-1991) the Secretary of Energy has declared the industry to be nonviable. A similar declaration is expected late in 1993 for 1992. Surface drilling for uranium in 1993 is expected to be about 1 million ft., because deposits are developed prior to mining. Drilling for claim assessment purposes has ceased due to changes in the mining law. All conventional mining and milling in the United States ceased in early 1992 when the last open-pit mine closed. Underground mining ceased in late 1990. Current uranium production is from solution mining (in-situ leaching) in Wyoming, Texas, and Nebraska. Uranium is recovered from Florida phosphate rock processed in Louisiana and from mine water in New Mexico. Uranium concentrate production in 1993 is expected to be about 5 million lbs U[sub 3]O[sub 8]. The United States has large reserves of uranium, but a significant price increase is needed for the industry to rebound.

Chenoweth, W.L.

1993-08-01

176

Desertification of the United States.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

There is an extensive and growing body of scientific literature on desertification. The purposes of the report, therefore, are: To synthesize the available scientific information on desertification in the United States and; To identify federal policies th...

D. Sheridan

1981-01-01

177

Mental Health, United States, 1992.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Data presented in the fifth edition of 'Mental Health, United States' derive principally from national surveys. For the first time, the volume includes a chapter that highlights the characteristics of seriously mentally ill persons in the household popula...

R. W. Manderscheid M. A. Sonnenschein

1992-01-01

178

76 FR 50254 - United States v. Verifone Systems, Inc. and Hypercom Corporation; Proposed Final Judgment and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...operation of Hypercom's United States POS Terminal business, including Hypercom's repair facility located in Delegacion Benito Juarex, Mexico. 2. All existing inventory of Hypercom's POS Terminal devices including parts. 3. All tangible...

2011-08-12

179

Central American Refugees: Regional Conditions and Prospects and Potential Impact on the United States.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Civil strife and deteriorating economic conditions in El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Guatemala have caused hundreds of thousands of refugees to seek asylum and assistance in other Central American countries, Mexico and the United States. While international ...

1984-01-01

180

7 CFR 1220.615 - State and United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false State and United States. 1220.615 Section 1220...SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Procedures To Request... Definitions § 1220.615 State and United States. State and United...

2013-01-01

181

Communication between United States-Based Firms and Mexican Production Facilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study examined the types of communication technologies being used by United States-based corporations with operations in Mexico to determine the challenges these companies face when communicating across the border. A total of 703 U.S. corporations doing business with Mexico (culled from lists in two professional directories) were chosen for the…

Waldman, Lila

182

A synopsis of the Sawflies (Hymenoptera: Symphyta) of America south of the United States: Tenthredinidae (Allantinae)  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The subfamily Allantinae of the Tenthredinidae is reviewed for the New World south of the United States. Six genera and 40 species are included. Acidiophora includes 7 species in South America; Empria, 2 species in Mexico; Ametastegia, 5 species from Mexico to Costa Rica and an introduced species...

183

Development and the Urban and Rural Geography of Mexican Emigration to the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Past research on international migration from Mexico to the United States uses geographically-limited data and analyzes emigrant-sending communities in isolation. Theories supported by this research may not explain urban emigration, and this research does not consider connections between rural and urban Mexico. In this study we use national data…

Hamilton, Erin R.; Villarreal, Andres

2011-01-01

184

Development and the Urban and Rural Geography of Mexican Emigration to the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Past research on international migration from Mexico to the United States uses geographically-limited data and analyzes emigrant-sending communities in isolation. Theories supported by this research may not explain urban emigration, and this research does not consider connections between rural and urban Mexico. In this study we use national data…

Hamilton, Erin R.; Villarreal, Andres

2011-01-01

185

Birth Outcomes of Immigrant Women in the United States, France, and Belgium  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To compare maternal characteristics and birth outcomes of Mexico-born and native-born mothers in the United States and those of North African mothers living in France and Belgium to French and Belgian nationals. Methods: We examined information from single live birth certificates for 285,371 Mexico-born and 3,131,632 U.S.-born mothers (including 2,537,264 U.S.-born White mothers) in the United States, 4,623 North

Sylvia Guendelman; Pierre Buekens; Beatrice Blondel; Monique Kaminski; Francis C. Notzon; Godelieve Masuy-Stroobant

1999-01-01

186

7 CFR 1217.30 - United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false United States. 1217.30 Section...RESEARCH, PROMOTION, CONSUMER EDUCATION AND INDUSTRY...Research, Promotion, Consumer Education, and Industry...Definitions § 1217.30 United States. United States...

2013-01-01

187

Tracing the Geographic Origins of Weedy Ipomoea purpurea in the Southeastern United States.  

PubMed

Ipomoea purpurea (common morning glory) is an annual vine native to Mexico that is well known for its large, showy flowers. Humans have spread morning glories worldwide, owing to the horticultural appeal of morning glory flowers. Ipomoea purpurea is an opportunistic colonizer of disturbed habitats including roadside and agricultural settings, and it is now regarded as a noxious weed in the Southeastern US. Naturalized populations in the Southeastern United States are highly polymorphic for a number of flower color morphs, unlike native Mexican populations that are typically monomorphic for the purple color morph. Although I. purpurea was introduced into the United States from Mexico, little is known about the specific geographic origins of US populations relative to the Mexican source. We use resequencing data from 11 loci and 30 I. purpurea accessions collected from the native range of the species in Central and Southern Mexico and 8 accessions from the Southeastern United States to infer likely geographic origins in Mexico. Based on genetic assignment analysis, haplotype composition, and the degree of shared polymorphism, I. purpurea samples from the Southeastern United States are genetically most similar to samples from the Valley of Mexico and Veracruz State. This supports earlier speculation that I. purpurea in the Southeastern United States was likely to have been introduced by European colonists from sources in Central Mexico. PMID:23894192

Fang, Zhou; Gonzales, Ana M; Durbin, Mary L; Meyer, Kapua K T; Miller, Beau H; Volz, Kevin M; Clegg, Michael T; Morrell, Peter L

2013-07-26

188

7 CFR 1205.23 - United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false United States. 1205.23 Section 1205.23 Agriculture...Sign-up Period Definitions § 1205.23 United States. The term United States means the 50 states of the United States...

2012-01-01

189

7 CFR 1205.313 - United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false United States. 1205.313 Section 1205.313 Agriculture...Promotion Order Definitions § 1205.313 United States. United States means the 50 States of the United States of...

2012-01-01

190

English Teaching in Mexico.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses teaching English in Mexico, a country with important social, cultural, and economic ties to the United States. Looks at the various English teaching situations as well as teacher education for teachers in Mexico. Concludes that the English teaching situation in Mexico reflects great diversity and growth, and that the knowledge of…

Salazar, Denise

2002-01-01

191

Prostate cancer screening (United States)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1995, there will be 244,000 new cases of prostate cancer, and 40,400 deaths from prostate cancer, among men in the United States. The American Cancer Society reports that the incidence rate of prostate cancer is increasing at an accelerated pace, and was 21 percent higher in 1994 than in 1993. The major reason for this steep rise is likely

John W. Waterbor; Anton J. Bueschen

1995-01-01

192

United States National Seismographic Network  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept of a United States National Seismograph Network (USNSN) dates back nearly 30 years. The idea was revived several times over the decades. but never funded. For, example, a national network was proposed and discussed at great length in the so called Bolt Report (U. S. Earthquake Observatories: Recommendations for a New National Network, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.,

Buland

1993-01-01

193

Mental Health, United States, 1987.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document presents timely statistical information on the nation's organized mental health service delivery system. Included are: (1) "Chronic Mental Disorder in the United States" (Howard H. Goldman and Ronald W. Manderscheid); (2) "Specialty Mental Health System Characteristics" (Michael J. Witkin, Joanne E. Atay, Adele S. Fell, and Ronald…

National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Rockville, MD.

194

Arson in the United States.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Arson is a serious problem in the United States. It is the number one cause of all fires, and it annually kills hundreds of Americans, injures thousands more, and causes over $3 billion in damage to property. In each of the past ten years there have been ...

1997-01-01

195

United States and El Salvador.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report looks at the relationship between the United States and El Salvador from two perspectives: first, it examines the internal social, political and economic dynamics which brought El Salvador to its present crisis; then it looks at how U.S. polic...

M. A. Lovelace

1985-01-01

196

Multiple Births, United States 1964.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the report statistics are presented for sets of multiple births occurring in the United States in 1964. The report discusses trends in the incidence of multiple births and variations in rates for twin and triplet births by age of mother, number of prev...

R. Heuser

1967-01-01

197

Entrepreneurship in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper I examine changes in self-employment that have occurred since the early 1980s in the United States. It is a companion paper to a recent equivalent paper relating to the UK. Data on random samples of twenty million US workers are examined taken from the Basic Monthly files of the CPS (BMCPS), the 2000 Census and the 2005

David G. Blanchflower

2007-01-01

198

United States IOOS - Program update  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United States Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS) is a user-driven, coordinated network of people, organizations, and technology that generate and disseminate continuous data about our coastal waters, Great Lakes, and oceans. IOOS is intended to be a major shift in approach to ocean observing, drawing together the vast network of disparate, federal and non-federal observing systems to produce a

Z. S. Willis

2008-01-01

199

United States Life Tables, 2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report presents period life tables for the United States based on age-specific death rates in 2000. Data used to prepare these life tables are 2000 final mortality statistics; July 1, 2000, population estimates based on the 1990 decennial census; and data from the Medicare program. Presented are complete life tables by age, race, and sex. In 2000 the overall

Elizabeth Arias

2002-01-01

200

Health disparities between the United States mainland and Puerto Rico, Guam, and the United States Virgin Islands (United States territories)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health disparities have been documented for the United States mainland. No literature was found comparing the mainland population to that of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the United States Virgin Islands (United States territories). Using Healthy Lifestyle Characteristics of non-smoking, maintaining a healthy weight, consuming fruits\\/vegetables daily, and exercising regularly, the health of the mainland was compared to United States territories.

Dena Shugart

2010-01-01

201

7 CFR 1220.129 - State and United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false State and United States. 1220.129 Section 1220...SOYBEAN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion... Definitions § 1220.129 State and United States. The terms State...

2013-01-01

202

A 4-state unit definition for the unit commitment problem  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a new state definition for the thermal generator units. Being different from the classic On\\/Off state definition, a model that considers four possible states in order to commit a unit is proposed. The main difference in the classic UC is that in the on-state mode, the unit can be committed to a maximum or minimum power according

Boris J. Pavez-Lazo; Claudio A. Roa-Sepulveda

2007-01-01

203

United States National seismograph network  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The USGS National Earthquake Information Center (NEIC) has planned and is developing a broadband digital seismograph network for the United States. The network will consist of approximately 150 seismograph stations distributed across the contiguous 48 states and across Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Data transmission will be via two-way satellite telemetry from the network sites to a central recording facility at the NEIC in Golden, Colorado. The design goal for the network is the on-scale recording by at least five well-distributed stations of any seismic event of magnitude 2.5 or greater in all areas of the United States except possibly part of Alaska. All event data from the network will be distributed to the scientific community on compact disc with read-only memory (CD-ROM). ?? 1989.

Masse, R. P.; Filson, J. R.; Murphy, A.

1989-01-01

204

Determinants of the Duration of Migration of Mexican Immigrants in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This paper examines,the optimal migration duration of Mexican immigrants in the United States using data from ,the Mexican Migration Project (MMP). A simple ,theoretical model rationalizes the decision of the migrant to return to Mexico, despite higher wages inthe,United States. I use ,the Cox proportional ,hazard ,model ,to examine ,the determinants of return migration of Mexican immigrants. This paper

Carmen E. Carrión-flores

205

7 CFR 1212.31 - United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false United States. 1212.31 Section...RESEARCH, PROMOTION, CONSUMER EDUCATION AND INDUSTRY...Research, Promotion, Consumer Education, and Industry...Definitions § 1212.31 United States. âUnited...

2013-01-01

206

31 CFR 551.309 - United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY SOMALIA SANCTIONS REGULATIONS General Definitions § 551.309 United States. The term United States means the United...

2013-07-01

207

31 CFR 541.310 - United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ZIMBABWE SANCTIONS REGULATIONS General Definitions § 541.310 United States. The term United States means the United...

2013-07-01

208

31 CFR 546.310 - United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY DARFUR SANCTIONS REGULATIONS General Definitions § 546.310 United States. The term United States means the United...

2013-07-01

209

Mayflies of the United States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In keeping with its excellent reputation, the Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center (first described in the October 15, 1997 Scout Report for Science & Engineering) has posted this useful, work-in-progress resource, one of several on the distribution of several groups of flying insects. Mayflies of the United States, contains information on the known distribution of Mayflies (Ephemeroptera) in the US, including distribution maps, county checklists, published references, photo thumbnails, and numerous links to related sites. Dr. Boris Kondratieff of Colorado State University coordinated the production of all three sites. While the authors stress the "work-in-progress" nature of this site, it represents an excellent and useful contribution.

210

Sterilization in the United States  

PubMed Central

Unintended pregnancies are expensive for patients and for society in terms of medical costs, the cost of caring for more children, and the cost to personal and professional goals. Sterilization is the most common contraceptive method utilized by couples in the United States. Given technological advances over the past few decades, male and female surgical sterilization has become a safe, convenient, easy, and highly effective birth control method for the long term. This article reviews current male and female sterilization options.

Bartz, Deborah; Greenberg, James A

2008-01-01

211

Masturbation in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from the nationally representative National Health and Social Life Survey, this study queried the correlates of masturbation in the United States in 1992. Among those aged 18–60, 38% (CI, 35–41) of women and 61% (CI, 57–65) of men reported any masturbation over the preceding year. The system of factors underlying masturbation was similar for both genders, consistent with

Aniruddha Das

2007-01-01

212

Malnourishment In The United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2002, there were approximately 34.6 million Americans who were going to bed hungry, which was up 1.7 million from 2001 (Dole n.pag.). More than 25% of all families in the United States with children are single parent families, with the majority of these being led by female head of households (Fraser n.pag.). The days of Leave It to Beaver

Matthew Christensen

213

United States Society on Dams  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United States Society on Dams (USSD) is a professional organization that promotes the advancement of dam engineering and technology, and fosters public awareness of the importance of dams. The best feature on the society's home page is its excellent introduction to dams and their benefits. First, a short definition of a dam is given, and then some reasons for their construction are outlined with specific examples. There are many pictures of dams across the country, and most have explanations for their importance. Hydroelectric power as a renewable resource is discussed in detail. This Web site is a good learning resource for both kids and adults.

2002-01-01

214

Stoneflies of the United States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In keeping with its excellent reputation, the Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center (first described in the October 15, 1997 Scout Report for Science & Engineering) has posted this useful, work-in-progress resource, one of several on the distribution of flying insects. This site, Stoneflies of the United States, contains information on the known distribution of Stoneflies (Plecoptera) in the US, including distribution maps, county checklists, published references, photo thumbnails, and numerous links to related sites. Dr. Boris Kondratieff of Colorado State University coordinated the production of this site, with collaboration by Dr. Richard Baumann of Brigham Young University. While the authors stress the "work-in-progress" nature of this site, it represents an excellent and useful contribution.

215

75 FR 65432 - New Mexico: Final Authorization of State Hazardous Waste Management Program Revision  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...EPA-R06-RCRA-2009-0343 FRL-9217-2] New Mexico: Final Authorization of State Hazardous...SUMMARY: The State of New Mexico has applied to the EPA for final...comment period, the decision to authorize New Mexico's changes to its hazardous...

2010-10-25

216

Chihuahuan Deserts Ecoregion: Chapter 27 in Status and trends of land change in the Western United States--1973 to 2000  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Chihuahuan Desert is the largest of the North American deserts, extending from southern New Mexico and Texas deep into Mexico, with approximately 90 percent of its area falling south of the United States–Mexico border (Lowe, 1964, p. 24). The Chihuahuan Deserts Ecoregion covers approximately 174,472 km2 (67,364 mi2) within the United States, including much of west Texas, southern New Mexico, and a small portion of southeastern Arizona (Omernik, 1987; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 1997). The ecoregion is generally oriented from northwest to southeast, with the Madrean Archipelago Ecoregion to the west; the Arizona/New Mexico Mountains, Arizona/New Mexico Plateau, Southwestern Tablelands, and Western High Plains Ecoregions to the north; and the Edwards Plateau and Southern Texas Plains Ecoregions to the east (fig. 1).

Ruhlman, Jana; Gass, Leila; Middleton, Barry

2012-01-01

217

Narco-Crime in Mexico: Indication of State Failure or Symptoms of an Emerging Democracy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The increasing volume and manner of violent deaths in Mexico nearly doubled in 2009 to just over seven thousand. Mexico appears capable of devolving into a failed state status where an insurgency threat could potentially thrive. These indices depict Mexic...

J. P. Nava

2010-01-01

218

Statistical Abstract of the United States, 1974.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Statistical Abstract of the United States, published annually since 1878, is the standard summary of statistics on the social, political, and economic organization of the United States. It is designed to serve as a convenient volume for statistical re...

W. Lerner S. S. Berger M. K. Moreland E. C. Jagers E. M. Ewell

1974-01-01

219

7 CFR 1250.308 - United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...MARKETING SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE EGG RESEARCH AND PROMOTION Egg Research and Promotion Order Definitions § 1250.308 United States. United States means the...

2012-01-01

220

31 CFR 539.312 - United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION TRADE CONTROL REGULATIONS General Definitions § 539.312 United States. The term United States...

2013-07-01

221

United States Intervention: The Case of Chad.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Motivation for United States intervention with military assistance in the Chadian Civil War is an intriguing question. It is significant because the United States did not make this intervention until 1981, sixteen years after the Civil War began. The reas...

J. A. Taylor

1990-01-01

222

31 CFR 592.311 - United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ROUGH DIAMONDS CONTROL REGULATIONS General Definitions § 592.311 United States. The term United States, when used in the...

2013-07-01

223

United States: Taking Action on Climate Change.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Climate change threatens the United States and all nations. To help address this threat, the United States is taking significant new steps to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. During the past year, President Clinton launched initiatives on bioenergy, wind ...

1999-01-01

224

Immigration Enforcement Within the United States.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An estimated 11 million unauthorized aliens reside in the United States, and this population is estimated to increase by 500,000 annually. Each year, approximately 1 million aliens are apprehended trying to enter the United States illegally. Although most...

A. Siskin A. Bruno B. Nunez-Neto L. M. Seghetti R. E. Wasem

2006-01-01

225

9 CFR 381.196 - Eligibility of foreign countries for importation of poultry products into the United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...products of such country from applicable requirements under other Federal laws. Australia (ratites only). Canada. Chile. France. Great Britain. Hong Kong. Israel. Mexico. 2 2 May export to the United States only processed...

2013-01-01

226

7 CFR 1215.20 - United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE POPCORN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Popcorn Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information...United States means all of the States. Popcorn...

2012-01-01

227

7 CFR 1215.20 - United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE POPCORN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Popcorn Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information...United States means all of the States. Popcorn...

2013-01-01

228

Russia and China View the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Soviet Russia and Communist China see the United States in significantly different ways. The present divergence can be related to antecedents such as the enmity between the United States and the Chinese Communists before their seizure of power and the nonrecognition of the present regime by the United States. More important, the quest of the Peking re gime for national

Alexander Dallin

1963-01-01

229

A Qualitative View of Drug Use Behaviors of Mexican Male Injection Drug Users Deported from the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Deportees are a hidden yet highly vulnerable and numerous population. Significantly, little data exists about the substance\\u000a use and deportation experiences of Mexicans deported from the United States. This pilot qualitative study describes illicit\\u000a drug use behaviors among 24 Mexico-born male injection drug users (IDUs), ?18 years old, residing in Tijuana, Mexico who self-identified\\u000a as deportees from the United States.

Victoria D. Ojeda; Angela M. Robertson; Sarah P. Hiller; Remedios Lozada; Wayne Cornelius; Lawrence A. Palinkas; Carlos Magis-Rodriguez; Steffanie A. Strathdee

2011-01-01

230

The economic impact of Sandia National Laboratories on central New Mexico and the state of New Mexico fiscal year 1997  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) was established in 1949 to perform the engineering development and ordnance responsibilities associated with nuclear weapons. By the early 1960`s the facility had evolved into an engineering research and development laboratory and became a multiprogram laboratory during the 1970s. Sandia is operated for the US Department of Energy by the Sandia Corporation, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin, Incorporated. For several years, the US Department of Energy (DOE) Albuquerque Operations Office (AL) and New Mexico State University (NMSU) have maintained an inter-industry, input-output model with capabilities to assess the impacts of developments initiated outside the economy such as federal DOE monies that flow into the state, on an economy. This model will be used to assess economic, personal income and employment impacts of SNL on central New Mexico and the state of New Mexico. For this report, the reference period is FY 1997 (October 1, 1996, through September 30, 1997) and includes two major impact analyses: the impact of SNL activities on central New Mexico and the economic impacts of SNL on the state of New Mexico. For purposes of this report, the central New Mexico region includes Bernalillo, Sandoval, Valencia, and Torrance counties. Total impact represents both direct and indirect respending by business, including induced effects (respending by households). The standard multipliers used in determining impacts results from the inter-industry, input-output models developed for the four-county region and the state of New Mexico. 6 figs., 10 tabs.

Lansford, R.R.; Nielsen, T.G.; Schultz, J. [New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces, NM (United States); Adcock, L.D.; Gentry, L.M. [Dept. of Energy, Albuquerque, NM (United States). Albuquerque Operations Office; Ben-David, S. [Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States). Dept. of Economics; Temple, J. [Temple (John), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1998-05-29

231

Geographic Distribution and Genetic Diversity of Whitewater Arroyo Virus in the Southwestern United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to extend our knowledge of the geographic distribution and genetic diversity of the arenavirus(es) associated with Neotoma species (woodrats) in the southwestern United States. Infectious arenavirus was recovered from 14 (3.3%) of 425 woodrats. The virus-positive species included N. albigula in New Mexico and Oklahoma, N. cinerea in Utah, N. mexicana in New Mexico

Charles F. Fulhorst; Remi N. Charrel; Scott C. Weaver; Thomas G. Ksiazek; Robert D. Bradley; Mary L. Milazzo; Robert B. Tesh; Michael D. Bowen

232

The Olmec Civilization: A Unit for Spanish I. Fulbright-Hays Summer Seminars Abroad, 1999 (Mexico).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This curriculum unit, designed for a Spanish I class at the high school level, explores the Olmec, an ancient civilization in Mexico. The unit aims for students to develop an appreciation for early civilizations and their importance to the present day. It gives seven objectives for students to work toward and lists detailed strategies for…

Larson, Pamela A.

233

The United States Lighthouse Society  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Twenty-five years strong, and with an interest in lighthouses throughout the world, the United States Lighthouse Society (USLHS) has a website that informs the public about restoration projects, tours of lighthouses, and the complete subject index to the Society's magazine, the Keeper's Log. The USHLS is a "non-profit historical and educational organization incorporated to educate, inform, and entertain those who are interested in lighthouses, past and present." The "Projects" section of the website is a must-see for visitors, as it contains the history, old and new photos, and restorative needs of each lighthouse, or lightship, as the case may be. The project "LV605" is the restoration effort for one of the few remaining lightships, which were floating lighthouses in waters where a lighthouse was impractical, because of depth, cost, or currents. There are many pictures of these lightships, and a history of these unique vessels is also included.

234

Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory approach to hydrogeochemical and stream sediment reconnaissance for uranium in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory of the United States is conducting a geochemical survey for uranium in the Rocky Mountain states of New Mexico, Colorado, Wyoming, and Montana and in Alaska. This survey is part of a national hydrogeochemical and stream sediment reconnaissance in which four Department of Energy laboratories will study the uranium resources of the United States to

Bolivar

1981-01-01

235

GENETIC DIVERSITY OF PUCCINIA STRIIFORMIS F. SP. TRITICI IN THE UNITED STATES  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

In North America, epidemics of stripe rust, caused by Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici, historically have occurred in several regions of Mexico, and in western United States (Washington, Oregon, Idaho, California). Since 2000, stripe rust has emerged as a severe disease in south-central states (...

236

Death in the United States, 2011  

MedlinePLUS

... Briefs NCHS Data Brief Number 115, March 2013 Death in the United States, 2011 On This Page ... 2011 SOURCE: National Vital Statistics System, Mortality. Do death rates vary by state? States experience different mortality ...

237

A national survey of observation units in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to survey the use of observation units (OUs) in the United States. A written survey was mailed to every third hospital (sequential by zip code) in the United States. There was a 32.9% response to the survey (522 of 1588 hospitals). A total of 18.8% of hospitals had an OU with another 11.6% planning

Sharon E. Mace; Louis Graff; Michael Mikhail; Michael Ross

2003-01-01

238

Estimated United States Transportation Energy Use 2005  

Microsoft Academic Search

A flow chart depicting energy flow in the transportation sector of the United States economy in 2005 has been constructed from publicly available data and estimates of national energy use patterns. Approximately 31,000 trillion British Thermal Units (trBTUs) of energy were used throughout the United States in transportation activities. Vehicles used in these activities include automobiles, motorcycles, trucks, buses, airplanes,

C A Smith; A J Simon; R D Belles

2011-01-01

239

[Necrophilous coleoptera (Scarabaeidae, Silphidae y Trogidae) of Malinalco, State of Mexico, Mexico].  

PubMed

Collections were made during one year, between August 2005 and July 2006, in Malinalco, State of Mexico, in three sites of tropical deciduous forest, a pasture and a induced forest of pine-oak, established in a altitudinal gradient ranging from 1,253 m to 2,300 m. The total of 7,680 specimens Scarabaeidae, Silphidae and Trogidae were captured through NTP-80, representing 18 genera and 38 species. Onthophagus and Canthon contained 46% of the richness of Scarabaeidae. The more distant sites were complementary in their species composition. The lowest complementarity occurred between sites with tropical deciduous forest. It revises the material collected through pitffal traps and light traps funnel type, increasing the list of 38 to 50 species in the study area. Between 40% and 50% of the species in Malinalco are distributed in localities of the province of the basin Balsas and localities of the province of the Sierra Madre del Sur, and 30% in the localities of the province of Pacifica coast. For the first time 17 species of Scarabaeidae and three Trogidae were reported for the State of Mexico. PMID:20877982

Trevilla-Rebollar, Antonio; Deloya, Cuauhtémoc; Padilla-Ramírez, Jorge

240

Potato production in the United States  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Potatoes have been a staple in the American diet for almost 250 years. The United States is the world's fifth biggest producer, behind China, India, the Russian Federation, and the Ukraine. Potatoes in the United States are grown in nearly every state. Idaho produces approximately 1/3 of all potatoe...

241

Ecological Subregions of the United States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The electronic (interactive) version of a 1994 publication by the US Forest Service (USFS), this companion site is based on the National Hierarchical Framework of Ecological Units, designed to provide "a standardized method for classifying, mapping, and describing ecological units" in the US. Ecological Subregions of the United States, contains the biophysical descriptions for the color-coded maps. This is a solid resource for anyone seeking broad ecosystem classifications for the United States.

242

Ecological Subregions of the United States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An electronic (interactive) version of a 1994 publication by the US Forest Service (USFS), this site is based on the National Hierarchical Framework of Ecological Units, designed to provide "a standardized method for classifying, mapping, and describing ecological units" in the US. Ecological Subregions of the United States, contains the biophysical descriptions for the color-coded maps. This is a solid resource for anyone seeking broad ecosystem classifications for the United States.

1994-01-01

243

Scientists, Engineers, and Technicians in the United States: 2001  

NSF Publications Database

... United States: 2001 Hypertext Format Scientists, Engineers, and Technicians in the United States ... Engineers, and Technicians in the United States: 2001 This report is available in hypertext (.htm ...

244

Scientists, Engineers, and Technicians in the United States: 1999  

NSF Publications Database

... United States: 1999 Hypertext Format Scientists, Engineers, and Technicians in the United States ... Engineers, and Technicians in the United States: 1999 This report is available in hypertext (.htm ...

245

U.S.-Mexico Border Environment. Air Quality and Transportation and Cultural and Natural Resources. Ninth Report of the Good Neighbor Environmental Board to the President and Congress of the United States.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This years report, the Boards Ninth Report to the President and Congress, provides advice from two angles on maintaining healthy environmental quality along the U.S.-Mexico border. First, it examines the relationship between the regions air quality and th...

2006-01-01

246

Climatic Action Plan Project for the state of Veracruz (Mexico)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With financing of the British Government and support of the National Institute of Ecology, from April of 2006 to March of 2008 an action plan which intends variability effects and climatic change for the state of Veracruz will be made. This plan will be taken to the state government and will be spread out to manufacturers, industrialists and population. Throughout the Gulf of Mexico, the state of Veracruz is a 745 km coast in length with a width that goes from 156 km in the center to 47 km in the north. The state has large mountains, forests, plains, rivers, cascades, lagoons and coasts. Veracruz is the 10th largest state in Mexico with a 72,420 km2 surface, it is located between 17°00' and 22°28' north latitude and between 93°95' and 98°38' west longitude. Because of the orographic effect, the Sierra Madre Oriental causes the existence of many types of climate, from dry to tropical forest, going through snow on the top of the Pico de Orizaba (5747m of altitude). The wind affects the coasts by not allowing to fish during a hundred days a year (particularly in winter), and on summer tropical waves and occasionally hurricanes affect rivers causing overflow and urban floods in fields. These phenomena do not have a regular affectation; they are subject to climate variability effects. Veracruz is the third state with most population in the country (7.1 million people in 2005), only surpassed by the state of Mexico and Mexico City. Although it occupies 3.7% of the national territory, Veracruz has 6.9% of human population in the country, and is the 6th state of PIB national contribution (240 thousands of millions pesos approximately). Of the possible effects of the climatic change the following can be expected: , , : Most of the coasts of the Gulf of Mexico, low and sandy, less of a meter on the sea level, represent the most vulnerable territory of Veracruz. Towns will be affected, the saline water will infiltrate until the phreatic mantles and the coast electrical power stations (Tuxpan and Laguna Verde) will be affected directly if they're still operating within half century. The lagoons of Alvarado and Tamiahua will be part of the sea. In heavy numbers, more than six hundred kilometers of beaches will be lost (and, of course, good part of the tourist infrastructure including Costa Esmeralda and Veracruz Boca del Río), along with more than two hundred kilometers of routes and around twenty kilometers of seaports. More than three thousand urban hectares will become floodable as two hundred thousand fields and agriculture. Because of all this, a study is proposed that considers a revision of the state's variability and climatic change in Veracruz; an inventory of GEI emissions and its respective scenes; data bases with quality control and analysis of climatic variability; regional climatic scenes (years 2025, 2050 and 2075), and scenes of vulnerability and adaptation measures, mitigation in coast affectations and coastal infrastructure, water availability, biodiversity, agriculture, human establishments and energy consumption by air conditioning of houses. Approaches of the study will be discussed and advances during the first semester of the project will appear in this presentation.

Tejeda, A.; Ochoa, C.

2007-05-01

247

7 CFR 1206.23 - United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MANGO PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION Mango Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions § 1206.23 United States....

2012-01-01

248

7 CFR 1206.23 - United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MANGO PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION Mango Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions § 1206.23 United States....

2013-01-01

249

7 CFR 1216.30 - United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PEANUT PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Peanut Promotion, Research, and Information Order...possessions of the United States. National Peanut...

2012-01-01

250

7 CFR 1214.24 - United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHRISTMAS TREE PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND INFORMATION ORDER Christmas Tree Promotion, Research, and Information Order...possessions of the United States. Christmas Tree Promotion...

2013-01-01

251

Page 1 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text VersionPage 1. Page 1 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA + + + + + DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES + + + + + ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

252

Through the Lens of a Neighbor: Perceptions of Mexican Educators and Students regarding Current United States Policies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Researchers analyzed the perceptions and pedagogies of educators in two Chihuahua, Mexico, public schools with regard to United States foreign policies. The key objective of the research was to provide additional insight into the impact of recent actions taken by the United States Government, including the war in Iraq. Chihuahuan educators and…

Cashman, Timothy G.; Rubio, Rene A.

2008-01-01

253

What Makes You Go Back Home? Determinants of the Duration of Migration of Mexican Immigrants in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the optimal migration duration of Mexican immigrants in the United States using data from the Mexican Migration Project (MMP). A simple theoretical model rationalizes the decision of the migrant to return to Mexico, despite higher wages in the United States. I use the Cox proportional hazard model to examine the determinants of return migration of Mexican immigrants.

Carmen E. Carrión-Flores

254

Hydraulic Research in the United States 1968.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Current and recently concluded research projects in hydraulics and hydrodynamics for the years 1967-1968 are summarized. Projects from more than 200 university, industrial, state and federal government laboratories in the United States and Canada are repo...

1969-01-01

255

The U.S. Firearms Trafficking Statue's Failure to Curb Drug Violence in Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

Now reaching epidemic proportions, drug trafficking violence in Mexico greatly concerns both the Mexican and United States governments. Despite the continuation of the War on Drugs, drug trafficking continues largely unabated from Mexico to the United States, resulting in lost lives, lost revenue, and a violence previously unknown in Mexico. Thus far, the United States’ efforts to deal with drug

Stewart M Young

2012-01-01

256

The U.S. Firearms Trafficking Statute's Failure to Curb Drug Violence in Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

Now reaching epidemic proportions, drug trafficking violence in Mexico greatly concerns both the Mexican and United States governments. Despite the continuation of the War on Drugs, drug trafficking continues largely unabated from Mexico to the United States, resulting in lost lives, lost revenue, and a violence previously unknown in Mexico. Thus far, the United States’ efforts to deal with drug

Stewart M Young

2012-01-01

257

Influence of host interleukin-10 polymorphisms on development of traveler's diarrhea due to heat-labile enterotoxin-producing Escherichia coli in travelers from the United States who are visiting Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

Up to 60% of U.S. visitors to Mexico develop traveler's diarrhea (TD), mostly due to enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) strains that produce heat-labile (LT) and\\/or heat-stable (ST) enterotoxins. Distinct single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the interleukin-10 (IL-10) promoter have been associated with high, intermediate, or low production of IL-10. We conducted a prospective study to investigate the association of SNPs in

Jose Flores; Herbert L. DuPont; Stephanie A. Lee; Jaime Belkind-Gerson; Mercedes Paredes; Jamal A. Mohamed; Lisa Y. Armitige; Dong-Chuan Guo; Pablo C. Okhuysen

2008-01-01

258

NEW STATE AND UNITED STATES RECORDS FOR ANTHOCORIDAE (HEMIPTERA: HETEROPTERA)  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

We summarize new state and United States records for species of Anthocoridae (Heteroptera: Anthocoridae) that we have collected from the western and north-eastern United States. New U.S. records include Macrotrachelia sp. (apparently M. nigronitens (Stål)), collected in southern California, represe...

259

Criminal Procedure - Parretti v. United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Parretti v. United States, the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, sitting en banc, addressed two constitutional claims: (1) whether Giancarlo Parretti's arrest pursuant to an Extradition Treaty with France violated the Fourth Amendment; and (2) whether his detention without bail prior to the French government's request for his extradition violated the Due Process Clause of

Nedia L. DeSouza

2010-01-01

260

Pharmacy student training in United States hospices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hospice is a quickly growing field in health care in the United States. As the pharmacist’s role in providing patient care to persons at the end of life increases, considerations should be given for training pharmacy students in this area. The objectives of this study were to examine the frequency of pharmacy student education and training among United States hospice

Christopher M. Herndon; David S. Fike; Allan C. Anderson; Ernest J. Dole

2001-01-01

261

Egypt, Morocco, and the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

The political importance of the Middle East to the United States is evident from the willingness of the United States to wage a war in Iraq, the polit- ical capital some US administrations have invested in resolving the Pales- tinian-Israeli conflict, and the amount of aid extended to such countries as Egypt and Israel. It is not surprising, therefore, that

AHMED GALAL; ROBERT Z. LAWRENCE

2003-01-01

262

Covering the Uninsured in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the major social policy issues facing the United States in the first decade of the twenty-first century is the large number of Americans lacking health insurance. This article surveys the major economic issues around covering the uninsured. I review the facts on insurance coverage and the nature of the uninsured; explore explanations for why the United States has

Jonathan Gruber

2008-01-01

263

Helium Resources of the United States, 2007.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Technical Note 429, Helium Resources of the United States2007, is an assessment of the total estimated helium reserves and resources of the United States. This assessment is made using estimates of natural gas resources from the Potential Gas Committee (P...

N. Pacheco S. F. Ali

2008-01-01

264

Communication of information about the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are three assumptions behind the desire of the United States Government to publicize itself abroad: (1) the more people know about us, the more they will like us; (2) increased understanding will discourage warlike tendencies and encourage economic contacts; and (3) people in foreign countries do not think much about the United States. The function of a government information

L. W. Doob

1946-01-01

265

The United States as a Developing Country  

Microsoft Academic Search

The history of the United States is in crucial respects the history of a developing country, not only in its transition from agricultural and commercial colonies to an industrial nation, but in modern times and the foreseeable future as well. The seven studies are primarily concerned with the United States as a developing country in the early twentieth century, evolving

Martin J. Sklar

266

Analysis of United States' Utility Conservation Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the United States' experience with utility sponsored energy conservation programs. Such programs are central to the recent discussions about electric utility regulation in the United States and elsewhere. First it is shown that these programs are exposed to three problems on the consumers' side – rebound, adverse selection and moral hazard – which lower the effectiveness of

Franz Wirl; Wolfgang Orasch

1998-01-01

267

United States v. Klein, Then and Now  

Microsoft Academic Search

United States v. Klein, decided during Reconstruction, was the first Supreme Court case to invalidate a statutory restriction on federal courts’ jurisdiction. It is the only one to do so by finding a violation of Article III of the Constitution. Klein has been cited in thirty-three United States Supreme Court opinions, and roughly five hundred times each by lower federal

Gordon G. Young

2012-01-01

268

Aeronautics in the United States, 1918  

Microsoft Academic Search

Major General George O. Squier, Chief Signal Officer of the United States Army, reviews in this address the development of Military Aeronautics in the United States up to the date of the armistice, 11 November 1918. The US War Department's first heavier-than-air flying machine was produced approximately ten years ago, but for the eight years that followed, the development lagged

George O. Squier

1919-01-01

269

Cultural Wage Differentials Among United States Immigrants  

Microsoft Academic Search

One ofthe most debated political and social issues in contemporary America is that of immigration. As a nation ofimmigrants and descendants ofimmigrants, the United States is grappling with the conflict over whether or not continued immigration will prove to be beneficial or detrimental to the economy and society. Immigration is an issue as old as the United States itself, yet

William J. Takahashi

1996-01-01

270

United States Petroleum Situation Through 1980.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper examines the current and projected United States petroleum and natural gas requirements through 1980. These two resources account for three-fourths of all the energy consumed in the United States. The unprecedented rate at which they are being c...

R. W. Huebner

1973-01-01

271

Health care technology in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United States has the largest economy in the world, driven by a free enterprise system concentrated in manufacturing and service; agriculture, mining, fishing, and tourism also make sub- stantial contributions. The per-capita gross domestic product (GDP) in the United States is second highest among Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries (after Switzerland); at $21,399 in 19911 (84),

Sean R. Tunis; Hellen Gelband

1994-01-01

272

Great Seal of the United States.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Before it adjourned on July 4, 1776, the Continental Congress of the newly independent United States passed a resolution: Resolved, that Dr. Franklin, Mr. J. Adams and Mr. Jefferson, be a committee, to bring in a device for a seal for the United States of...

2003-01-01

273

Competitor and Supporter for the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Japan competes with the United States economically while acting as a supporter, not a challenger, in world politics. Japan is America's number one ally in Asia. It has made economically based contributions. How cooperative has Japan been in the use of economic power for the United States? The answer to this question depends on three questions. First, does Japan intend

Ming Wan

1998-01-01

274

Soft Balancing against the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

The George W. Bush administration's national security strategy, which asserts that the United States has the right to attack and conquer sovereign countries that pose no observable threat, and to do so without international support, is one of the most aggressively unilateral U.S. postures ever taken. Recent international relations scholarship has wrongly promoted the view that the United States, as

Robert A. Pape

2005-01-01

275

Cultural Competence in the Assessment of Poor Mexican Families in the Rural Southeastern United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasing numbers of poor Mexican immigrant families are settling in the rural southeastern United States. Most of these families are from isolated agrarian communities in Mexico and are headed by unskilled laborers or displaced farm workers with little education. Child welfare workers and other service providers in rural communities may be…

Hancock, Tina U.

2005-01-01

276

Molluscan Resources of the Atlantic and Gulf Coast of the United States.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Approximately 15 species of mollusks are harvested commercially on the east coast of the United States and the Gulf of Mexico, but the major bulk and value of the fisheries are contributed by five species of bivalves. In order of economic importance these...

A. S. Merrill H. S. Tubiash

1970-01-01

277

Meeting a Binational Research Challenge: Substance Abuse among Transnational Mexican Farmworkers in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To help in understanding the manner in which community, individual, and other factors in the United States and Mexico contribute to drug use among transnational migrants, this paper introduces a binational social ecology model of substance abuse in this population. We draw on our 2 NIH-funded ethnographic studies--1 on problem drinking and the…

Garcia, Victor

2007-01-01

278

United States-Mexican Borderlands: Facing Tomorrow's Challenges Through USGS Science.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The boundary between the United States and Mexico was created for convenient expediency through political debate and agreements. With the exception of the eastern segment of the border, which follows the course of the Rio Grande (known as the Rio Bravo in...

2013-01-01

279

Meeting a Binational Research Challenge: Substance Abuse among Transnational Mexican Farmworkers in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To help in understanding the manner in which community, individual, and other factors in the United States and Mexico contribute to drug use among transnational migrants, this paper introduces a binational social ecology model of substance abuse in this population. We draw on our 2 NIH-funded ethnographic studies--1 on problem drinking and the…

Garcia, Victor

2007-01-01

280

Development of Self-Concept in Chilean, Mexican, and United States School Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Development of self-concept, self-esteem, and self-ideal was examined in second, fourth, sixth, and eighth graders (approximately 50 boys and 50 girls in each grade) from Chile, Mexico, and the United States. Results suggest there are substantial similarities in such development across national groups; there is a tendency for differences between…

Velasco-Barraza, Carlos R.; Muller, Douglas

1982-01-01

281

Announced United States nuclear tests, July 1945-December 1983  

SciTech Connect

This document lists chronologically and alphabetically by event name all nuclear tests conducted and announced by the United States from July 1945 through December 1983, with the exception of the GMX experiments. The 22 GMX experiments, conducted at the Nevada Test Site (NTS) between December 1954 and February 1956, were equation-of-state physics studies that used small chemical explosives and small quantities of plutonium. Several tests conducted during Operation Dominic involved missile launches from Johnston Atoll. Several of these missile launches were aborted, resulting in the destruction of the missile and nuclear device either on the pad or in the air. On August 5, 1963, the United States and the Soviet Union signed the Limited Test Ban Treaty which effectively banned testing of nuclear weapons in the atmosphere. All US nuclear tests conducted prior to that date have been announced and are listed in this document. Some tests conducted underground since the signing of the Treaty and designed to be contained completely have not been announced. Information concerning these events is classified. Occasionally, the name and detonation date of an unannounced test is declassified which permits its listing in subsequent revisions to this document. Data on United States tests were obtained from and verified by the Department of Energy's three weapons laboratories - Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico; Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California; and Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico. Additionally, data were obtained from public announcements issued by the Atomic Energy Commission and its successors, the Energy Research and Development Administration and the Department of Energy, respectively.

Not Available

1984-01-01

282

United States Immigration Policy: Three Theoretical Approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contrary to globalization theorists, the state is not becoming obsolete in an interdependent world, but redefining its role. The substantive influence of the state in the creation of immigration policy bears out the heightened role of the state. In fact, changes in United States immigration policy can only be explained using different theoretical frameworks. The liberal, realist, and Marxist paradigms

Andrea Silva

283

Introductions of West Nile Virus Strains to Mexico  

PubMed Central

Complete genome sequencing of 22 West Nile virus isolates suggested 2 independent introductions into Mexico. A previously identified mouse-attenuated glycosylation variant was introduced into southern Mexico through the southeastern United States, while a common US genotype appears to have been introduced incrementally into northern Mexico through the southwestern United States.

Deardorff, Eleanor; Estrada-Franco, Jose G.; Brault, Aaron C.; Navarro-Lopez, Roberto; Campomanes-Cortes, Arturo; Paz-Ramirez, Pedro; Solis-Hernandez, Mario; Ramey, Wanichaya N.; Davis, C. Todd; Beasley, David W.C.; Tesh, Robert B.; Barrett, Alan D.T.

2006-01-01

284

Comparing the United States and United Kingdom: contrasts and correspondences.  

PubMed

The conventionally antithetical stereotypes of the United Kingdom and United States health care systems needs to be modified in the case of the elderly. Relative to the rest of the population, the over-65s in the United States are more satisfied with their medical care than their UK counterparts. There is also much common ground: shared worries about the quality of elderly care and similar attitudes towards assisted death. Comparison is further complicated by within country variations: comparative studies should take account of the fact that even seemingly polar models may have pools of similarity. PMID:23079298

Klein, Rudolf

2012-10-01

285

Legends of Mexico: Units of Instruction, Grades K-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The 26 units of Spanish instruction for grades K-8 presented here were developed by participants in a 1995-96 teacher institute. The units are designed to help children and adolescents learn both language and culture through Mexican legends. Activities help introduce the legend, test comprehension, and extend the meaning, to develop deeper…

Bacon, Susan, Ed.; Humbach, Nancy, Ed.

286

Extensive diversity of Trypanosoma cruzi discrete typing units circulating in Triatoma dimidiata from central Veracruz, Mexico.  

PubMed

Chagas disease (or American trypanosomiasis) is a parasitic disease of major public health importance, caused by Trypanosoma cruzi, which presents extensive genetic diversity. The parasite has been classified into six lineages or discrete typing units (TcI to TcVI) and we performed here the molecular characterization of the strains present in Triatoma dimidiata, the main vector in central Veracruz, Mexico. Unexpectedly, TcI only represented 9/33 strains identified (27%), and we reported for the first time the presence of TcII, TcIII, TcIV and TcV strains in Mexico, at a relatively high frequency (13-27% each). Our observations indicate a much greater diversity of T. cruzi DTUs than previously estimated in at least part of Mexico. These results have important implications for the understanding of the phylogeography of T. cruzi DTUs and the epidemiology of Chagas disease in North America. PMID:22569098

Ramos-Ligonio, Angel; Torres-Montero, Jesús; López-Monteon, Aracely; Dumonteil, Eric

2012-05-05

287

75 FR 41279 - Sentencing Guidelines for United States Courts  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...UNITED STATES SENTENCING COMMISSION Sentencing Guidelines for United States Courts AGENCY: United...submitted to the Congress amendments to the sentencing guidelines and official commentary, which become...

2010-07-15

288

Health career education: the United State's system.  

PubMed

To understand the role of United States hospitals in health career education, it is important to understand several contexts in which that education takes place. Most significantly, education for health career is not directed by a unified, national policy on workforce needs for health care. Rather, it is based (1) on incremental decisions made by individual educational institutions, hospitals, legislature, insurance companies, and (2) on policies made to encourage cost containment. This decentralized system reflects a provision in the US Constitution that states: "The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people." PMID:21155430

Bentley, James D

2010-01-01

289

United States' National Interests in Central Asia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Central Asia consists of five newly independent states situated between Russia, China, and Iran halfway around the world from the United States. For the last eight years, the Central Asian States (CAS) have been the object of considerable attention from t...

R. B. Stephens

2000-01-01

290

Remote state preparation with unit success probability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Remote state preparation is a secure and faithful method for transmitting known quantum states by means of local operation and classical communication. Existing protocols in the general case succeed just with probabilities of less than 100%. In this paper, we design a protocol to remotely prepare the most general single-qubit state that always succeeds. To achieve unit success probability, the

Ba An Nguyen; Thi Bich Cao; Van Don Nung; Jaewan Kim

2011-01-01

291

Geothermal resources of the eastern United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

The resouces considered are exclusively hydrothermal, and the study was confined to the 35 states east of the Rocky Mountains, excluding the Dakotas. Resource definition in these areas is based entirely on data found in the literature and in the files of a number of state geological offices. The general geology of the eastern United States is outlined. Since the

J. L. Renner; T. L. Vaught

1979-01-01

292

Two Curricular Units for Advanced Spanish Students: Guatemala, Ayer y Hoy Descubre Mexico. Fulbright-Hays Summer Seminars Abroad Program, 2000 (Mexico and Guatemala).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These two curriculum units were developed as a result of study in Mexico and Guatemala during the Fulbright Hays Summer Seminar Abroad Program, 2000. The units are designed for use in an upper-level high school Spanish class. They are intended to be taught in Spanish, and the supplementary materials (with a few exceptions) are written in Spanish.…

Hall, Bonnie L.

293

Two Curricular Units for Advanced Spanish Students: Guatemala, Ayer y Hoy Descubre Mexico. Fulbright-Hays Summer Seminars Abroad Program, 2000 (Mexico and Guatemala).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These two curriculum units were developed as a result of study in Mexico and Guatemala during the Fulbright Hays Summer Seminar Abroad Program, 2000. The units are designed for use in an upper-level high school Spanish class. They are intended to be taught in Spanish, and the supplementary materials (with a few exceptions) are written in Spanish.…

Hall, Bonnie L.

294

The State of Groundfish Resources off the Northeastern United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

From the early 1960s to 1977, fishing vessels from 13 nations fished heavily off the northeastern United States. Landings of principal groundfish species rose to 780,000 tonnes in 1965 and abundance declined rapidly. Most species of groundfish were being underfished by the United States. With the passage of the Magnuson Fishery Conservation and Management Act in 1976, fishing by foreign

Vaughn C. Anthony

1993-01-01

295

Influence of host interleukin-10 polymorphisms on development of traveler's diarrhea due to heat-labile enterotoxin-producing Escherichia coli in travelers from the United States who are visiting Mexico.  

PubMed

Up to 60% of U.S. visitors to Mexico develop traveler's diarrhea (TD), mostly due to enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) strains that produce heat-labile (LT) and/or heat-stable (ST) enterotoxins. Distinct single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the interleukin-10 (IL-10) promoter have been associated with high, intermediate, or low production of IL-10. We conducted a prospective study to investigate the association of SNPs in the IL-10 promoter and the occurrence of TD in ETEC LT-exposed travelers. Sera from U.S. travelers to Mexico collected on arrival and departure were studied for ETEC LT seroconversion by using cholera toxin as the antigen. Pyrosequencing was performed to genotype IL-10 SNPs. Stools from subjects who developed diarrhea were also studied for other enteropathogens. One hundred twenty-one of 569 (21.3%) travelers seroconverted to ETEC LT, and among them 75 (62%) developed diarrhea. Symptomatic seroconversion was more commonly seen in subjects who carried a genotype producing high levels of IL-10; it was seen in 83% of subjects with the GG genotype versus 54% of subjects with the AA genotype at IL-10 gene position -1082 (P, 0.02), in 71% of those with the CC genotype versus 33% of those with the TT genotype at position -819 (P, 0.005), and in 71% of those with the CC genotype versus 38% of those with the AA genotype at position -592 (P, 0.02). Travelers with the GCC haplotype were more likely to have symptomatic seroconversion than those with the ATA haplotype (71% versus 38%; P, 0.002). Travelers genetically predisposed to produce high levels of IL-10 were more likely to experience symptomatic ETEC TD. PMID:18579697

Flores, Jose; DuPont, Herbert L; Lee, Stephanie A; Belkind-Gerson, Jaime; Paredes, Mercedes; Mohamed, Jamal A; Armitige, Lisa Y; Guo, Dong-Chuan; Okhuysen, Pablo C

2008-06-25

296

Increase in reported coccidioidomycosis--United States, 1998-2011.  

PubMed

Coccidioidomycosis, also known as valley fever, is an infection caused by inhalation of Coccidioides spp. spores. This soil-dwelling fungus is endemic to arid regions of Mexico, Central and South America, and the southwestern United States. Symptomatic patients typically experience a self-limited influenza-like illness, but some develop severe or chronic pulmonary disease, and less than 1% of patients experience disseminated disease. Coccidioidomycosis can be costly and debilitating, with nearly 75% of patients missing work or school because of their illness, and more than 40% requiring hospitalization. Previous publications have reported state-specific increases in coccidioidomycosis in Arizona and California during 1998-2001 and 2000-2007, respectively. To characterize long-term national trends, CDC analyzed data from the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS) for the period 1998-2011. This report describes the results of that analysis, which indicated that the incidence of reported coccidioidomycosis increased substantially during this period, from 5.3 per 100,000 population in the endemic area (Arizona, California, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah) in 1998 to 42.6 per 100,000 in 2011. Health-care providers should be aware of this increasingly common infection when treating persons with influenza-like illness or pneumonia who live in or have traveled to endemic areas. PMID:23535687

2013-03-29

297

An evaluation of known remaining oil resources in the state of New Mexico: Project on advanced oil recovery and the states. Volume 6  

SciTech Connect

The Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission (IOGCC) has conducted a series of studies to evaluate the known, remaining oil resource in twenty-three (23) states. The primary objective of die IOGCC`s effort is to examine the potential impact of an aggressive and focused program of research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) and technology transfer on future oil recovery in the United States. As part of a larger effort by the IOGCC, this report focuses on the potential economic benefits of improved oil recovery in the state of New Mexico. Individual reports for seven other oil producing states and a national report have been separately published by the IOGCC. Several major technical insights for state and Federal policymakers and regulators can be reached from this analysis. Overall, well abandonments and more stringent environmental regulations could limit economic access to New Mexico`s known, remaining oil resource. The high risk of near-term abandonment and the significant benefits of future application of improved oil recovery technoloy, clearly point to a need for more aggressive transfer of currently available technologies to domestic oil producers. Development and application of advanced oil recovery technologies could leave even greater benefits to the nation. A collaborative, focused RD&D effort, integrating the resources and expertise of industry, state and local governments, and the Federal government, is clearly warranted. With effective RD&D and a program of aggressive technology transfer to widely disseminate its results, New Mexico oil production could be maximized. The resulting increase and improvement in production rates, employment, operator profits, state and Federal tax revenues, energy security will benefit both the state of New Mexico and the nation as a whole.

NONE

1993-11-01

298

United States Health Workforce Personnel Factbook.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The United States health Workforce Personnel Factbook is a compilation of data from secondary sources, such as the American Medical Association and the Federal Bureau of Labor Statistics. It includes information on the supply of health personnel in severa...

2002-01-01

299

Unauthorized Aliens in the United States.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The unauthorized alien (illegal alien) population in the United States is a key and controversial immigration issue. In recent years, competing views on how to address this population have proved to be a major obstacle to enacting comprehensive immigratio...

A. Bruno

2010-01-01

300

United States Bone and Joint Decade  

MedlinePLUS

... Diseases in the United States: Prevalence, Societal and Economic Cost - Presenting a compelling argument for greater understanding and expanding research Global Burden of Disease Data, published in The Lancet, ...

301

United States Cancer Statistics: 2000 Incidence.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the National Cancer Institute (NCI), in collaboration with the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries (NAACCR), are pleased to release the second annual United States Cancer Statist...

2003-01-01

302

United States Policy on Weapons in Space.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Space Commission Report identifies the United States' ever- growing reliance on space and space technology both militarily and economically. It outlines the vulnerabilities of its systems and warns that it must be prepared to prevent a 'Space Pearl Ha...

D. P. Christy

2006-01-01

303

Crayfish Farming in the United States.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The subject of crayfishing in the United States is discussed. The general biology, diseases, and parasites of crayfish are reviewed. Emphasis is placed upon commercial crayfish farming including methods of marketing and processing. Sport crayfishing in th...

J. W. Avault

1972-01-01

304

Engineering Psychology in the United States.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper traces the origins and history of engineering psychology in the United States and describes this field of psychology as it exists today. The description has intentionally accentuated the successes but also notes the failures.

W. F. Grether

1967-01-01

305

31 CFR 544.310 - United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION PROLIFERATORS SANCTIONS REGULATIONS General Definitions § 544.310 United States. The term...

2013-07-01

306

United States Court of International Trade  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1980 the United States Customs Court was renamed the United States Court of International Trade and given expanded status, jurisdiction, and powers. The court's powers include the exclusive subject matter jurisdiction over "any civil action against the United States, its officers, or its agencies arising out of any law pertaining to international trade," as well as "certain civil actions brought by the United States under the laws governing import transactions." While considerable attention has been paid to the World Trade Organization and other international trade bodies, little notice is given to the role and function of this court. At the site, visitors can learn about the Court's procedures, calendar, personnel, and its judges. Best of all, they can read the full text of the Court's slip opinions from 1999 and 2000 in .pdf format.

307

Earthquake History of the United States.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The publication is a history of the prominent earthquakes in the United States from historical times through 1970. It supersedes all previous editions with the same or similar titles and, in addition to updating earthquake listings through 1970, contains ...

J. L. Coffman C. A. Von Hake

1973-01-01

308

United States Mint, 2010 Annual Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The United States Mint launched the 12-year America the Beautiful Quarters(Trade Name) Program in Fiscal Year (FY) 2010 with four beautiful quarters honoring Hot Springs, Yellowstone, Yosemite and Grand Canyon National Parks. We continued the Native Ameri...

2010-01-01

309

The United States Requirements for Polar Icebreakers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study was performed to determine the requirements for United States Coast Guard icebreakers in polar regions for the time period 1973-2000. Of the organizations queried that were associated with economic resources and planning, none could provide any...

1967-01-01

310

Viral Hepatitis Surveillance - United States, 2010  

MedlinePLUS

... Añadir en... Favorites Delicious Digg Google Bookmarks Viral Hepatitis Surveillance – United States, 2010 Entire report in a ... C Outbreaks Related to Healthcare Reported to CDC Hepatitis A virus PAGE DESCRIPTION Table 2.1 Reported ...

311

United States Marine Corps Performance Pricing Model.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The United States Marine Corps Installations & Logistics Department, located at the Navy Annex in Washington D.C., conducts the Sustainment Program Evaluation Board as part of the Planning, Programming, Budgeting, and Execution Process. One of the functio...

P. J. Kelly

2009-01-01

312

Summary of Notifiable Diseases - United States, 2011.  

PubMed

The Summary of Notifiable Diseases - United States, 2011 contains the official statistics, in tabular and graphic form, for the reported occurrence of nationally notifiable infectious diseases in the United States for 2011. Unless otherwise noted, the data are final totals for 2011 reported as of June 30, 2012. These statistics are collected and compiled from reports sent by state health departments and territories to the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS), which is operated by CDC in collaboration with the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists (CSTE). PMID:23820934

Adams, Deborah A; Gallagher, Kathleen M; Jajosky, Ruth Ann; Kriseman, Jeffrey; Sharp, Pearl; Anderson, Willie J; Aranas, Aaron E; Mayes, Michelle; Wodajo, Michael S; Onweh, Diana H; Abellera, John P

2013-07-01

313

43 CFR 3503.15 - May I lease the gold or silver reserved to the United States on land I hold under a private land...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false May I lease the gold or silver reserved to the United States...Management § 3503.15 May I lease the gold or silver reserved to the United States...New Mexico, you may obtain a lease for gold and silver reserved to the United...

2012-10-01

314

Water Resources of the United States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the homepage for the Water Resources Division of the United States Geological Survey. It offers links to a variety of issues concerning water resources. The main links include: news, features, water data, publications and products, technical resources, programs, local information, and contacts. Also featured are links to other divisions within the United States Geological Survey, and FirstGov, a clearinghouse for all branches of the federal government.

315

Energy resources of the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Estimates are made of United States resources of coal, petroleum liquids, natural gas, uranium, geothermal energy, and oil from oil shale. Accuracy of the estimates probably ranges from 20 to 50 percent for identified-recoverable resources to about an order of magnitude for undiscovered-submarginal resources. The total cost resource base in the United States is estimated to be about 3,200 billion

P. K. Theobald; S. P. Schweinfurth; D. C. Duncan

1972-01-01

316

Groundwater Atlas of the United States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Geological Survey describes the location, extent, and geologic and hydrologic characteristics of major aquifers in the United States in the Groundwater Atlas of the United States Website. The groundwater resources of the US are broken down into specific regions, which are described in chapters. Some of the chapters are not available online, but the chapters that are available include regional geology and aquifer systems summaries, figures (.eps), and illustrations.

1999-01-01

317

The view from the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conclusion  Although there will be challenges and problems, the United States has developed a sound and strong long-term approach to the\\u000a transfer of nuclear technology to Asia under appropriate nonproliferation assurances and guarantees. The U.S. has played a\\u000a leading role in the development of peaceful nuclear programs in several Asian nations. The United States looks forward to\\u000a continued close peaceful nuclear

Lewis A. Dunn

1986-01-01

318

Engineering Aspects of the September 19, 1985 Mexico Earthquake.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Following the September 19, 1985 Mexico earthquake, a team consisting of four engineers and one seismologist from the National Bureau of Standards (NBS) and the United States Geological Survey (USGS) was dispatched to Mexico City to provide technical advi...

E. V. Leyendecker F. Y. Yokel M. Celebi T. Hanks W. C. Stone

1987-01-01

319

Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in domestic sheep in Durango State, Mexico  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in sheep in northern Mexico is largely unknown. Antibodies to T. gondii were determined in serum samples from 511 sheep from 8 farms in Durango State, Mexico using the modified agglutination test (MAT). Sheep were raised in 3 geographical regions, i....

320

New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey (YRRS). 2005 Report of State Results  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the fall of 2005, the New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey (NM YRRS) was conducted in New Mexico public high schools, with 5,679 students in grades nine through twelve participating from 20 public high schools in the state. The NM YRRS is a tool that can assist administrators and policy makers in identifying health risk behaviors among…

Green, Dan; Penaloza, Linda J.; Chrisp, Eric; Dillon, Mary; Cassell, Carol M.; Tsinajinnie, Eugene; Rinehart, Judith; Ortega, Willa

2006-01-01

321

Current State of Environmental Education in Mexico: A Study on Practices, Audiences, Settings, and Topics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Environmental education in Mexico takes many forms and plays a wide variety of roles. Through an online survey, we addressed the need to present a wider picture on the current state of environmental education practices in Mexico: Who is engaging in environmental education practices, how important is it for their organization, who are they…

Marcos-Iga, Jose; Shaw, William

2011-01-01

322

Intra-industry trade between the united states and the major latin american countries: Measurement and implications for free trade in the Americas  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents estimates for the level of intra-industry trade in the 1991 bilateral commerce between the United States and Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Venezuela. As theory predicts, intra-industry trade is positively correlated with income and with foreign investment in this study. Furthermore, Mexico and the United States present high levels of intra-industry trade, whereas the

Jorge G. Gonzalez; Alejandro Velez

1995-01-01

323

Natality Statistics Analysis, United States - 1963.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the report statistics are presented for births in the United States in 1963 with an analysis of these data. Birth rates of the white and nonwhite population are compared by states, metropolitan areas, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. There is also d...

A. Campbell A. Calgue F. Godley H. Rosenberg

1966-01-01

324

Childhood Vaccination Providers in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. This study sought to provide a characterization of US childhood vaccination providers. Methods. The state was used as the analytic unit in examining 1997 data from the National Immu- nization Survey and the Vaccines for Children program, state immunization reports, and natality records. Results. Overall, 57% of children were vaccinated in the private sector, 18% were vaccinated in the

Charles W. LeBaron; Bridget Lyons; Mehran Massoudi; John Stevenson

325

State initiatives in support of optics: New Mexico, a case study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

New Mexico is very proud of its tri-cultural heritage -- Hispanic, Native American, and Anglo, but that simple description belies the technical richness of the state. If one is in technology and thinks of New Mexico, particularly if involved in the defense community, one thinks of organizations like Los Alamos National Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratories, White Sands Missile Range, and Phillips Laboratory. Phillips Laboratory is one of the new Air Force super laboratories and its activities are focused on space and missile technology. One should appreciate some statistical aspects of the impact of those organizations on New Mexico. In a recent National Science Foundation study, if one looks at R&D performance measured in dollars of activity, on an absolute scale, New Mexico ranks fourth nationally among the 50 states. It also ranks fourth nationally in the university sector in R&D performance. And those two numbers or rankings are not unrelated. You should come to appreciate how we have tried to leverage these strong technology organizations. The private sector ranks only twenty-first, and much of the economic development activity in New Mexico is now attempting to raise this standing by concentrating on the manufacturing sector. What this all means is that, among the 50 states, New Mexico ranks first in the ratio of R&D performance to gross state product. By that measure, technology is more significant to the State of New Mexico than it is to any other state in the Union.

Guenther, Arthur H.

1992-05-01

326

Food Chain Defense in the United States  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Protecting the United States food and agricultural critical infrastructure and key resources is an important responsibility shared by Federal, State, local, tribal, and territorial governments and private industry partners. Interference with the food or agricultural infrastructure could have a devastating impact on the Nation's public health and economy. Adequate protection and resiliency of infrastructure in the Food and Agriculture Sector requires a number of integrated processes and procedures undertaken by all sector partners. A number of tools, guidance documents, educational materials, and regulations are available to aid in protecting the United States Food and Agriculture Sector.

Jackson, Leeanne

327

Foreign Relations of the United States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With the very official title of "Foreign Relations of the United States" (FRUS), this important United States government series serves as the official documentary historical record of major foreign policy decisions. Produced by the State Department's Office of the Historian, many of these printed volumes have been digitized and placed online here as part of the University of Wisconsin Digital Collections project. Working with collaborators at the University of Illinois at Chicago, this archive includes those volumes published from 1861 to the year 1960. It is easy to search through the volumes, and visitors may also want to just browse through different volumes at their leisure. Users should also be mindful that the organization of FRUS, while generally chronological, does not always correspond to the dates of documentary history. Fortunately, each volume has a subject and author index available for consultation. Students of political science, United States history, and international relations will find this website indispensable.

328

Utilization of geothermal resources at United States Air Force bases  

SciTech Connect

The Air Force installations on the continental United States as well as Alaska and Hawaii, were evaluated as to the possibility of utilizing geothermal energy to develop electricity, produce process steam, or heat and/or cool buildings. Twenty-five bases have suspected geothermal resources available. Because of either need or available technology seven installations were rated priority I, six were rated priority II and priority III and IV totaled ten. Geological and geophysical data indicated further investigation of the priority I installations, Saylor Creek Range, Idaho, Ellsworth AFB, South Dakota, Charleston AFB, South Carolina, Kirkland AFB, New Mexico, Vandenberg AFB, California, Luke AFB, Arizona, and Williams AFB, Arizona, should be accomplished as soon as possible. The use of geothermal energy will decrease the need for fossil fuels by the USAF and during times of short supply allow such fuels to be used for the Air Force's primary mission, military defense.

Grogger, P.K.

1980-09-01

329

Elevations and Distances in the United States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Using surveys and topographic maps, the United States Geological Survey (USGS) has determined distances between points and elevations of features, and put them into a data format at this website. Elevations of the 50 largest cities, highest and lowest points in each state, summits over 14,000 feet, summits east of the Rocky Mountains, geographic centers of each state, length of US boundaries, and extreme distances are covered at this site.

330

Tree planting in the United States, 1992  

SciTech Connect

The annual report summarizes tree planting, timber stand improvement and nursery production activities across all ownerships of forest land in the United States. It includes State-by-State and ownership breakdowns, regional totals, as well as analysis of the trends in the data. It does not include tree planting in urban and community environments. Because some of the data are estimated, caution must be used in drawing inferences.

Moulton, R.J.; Mangold, R.D.; Snellgrove, J.D.; Nisley, R.

1993-05-01

331

45 CFR 212.7 - Repayment to the United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Repayment to the United States. (a) An individual...such assistance to the United States, except insofar as it...partnership, corporation, or government shall be considered, and assignment to the United States of such claims...

2012-10-01

332

45 CFR 212.7 - Repayment to the United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Repayment to the United States. (a) An individual...such assistance to the United States, except insofar as it...partnership, corporation, or government shall be considered, and assignment to the United States of such claims...

2011-10-01

333

39 CFR 221.1 - The United States Postal Service.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...GENERAL ORGANIZATION § 221.1 The United States Postal Service. The United States Postal Service was established as an independent...establishment within the executive branch of the government of the United States under the Postal Reorganization Act of...

2013-07-01

334

Copyright Law of the United States of America.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The contents of this publication of the United States copyright law include: (1) prefatory note; (2) Constitutional provision respecting copyright; (3) Copyright Law of the United States of America (Title 17, United States Code); (4) schedule of laws repo...

1969-01-01

335

32 CFR 809a.11 - Procedures outside the United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Disturbance Intervention and Disaster...outside the United States.] 32 ...Disturbance Intervention and Disaster...outside the United States. It is Air...resources. Intervention by United States military...

2009-07-01

336

32 CFR 809a.11 - Procedures outside the United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Civil Disturbance Intervention and Disaster Assistance...Procedures outside the United States. It is Air Force...confrontation between United States military forces...Force resources. Intervention by United States military...

2013-07-01

337

32 CFR 809a.11 - Procedures outside the United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Civil Disturbance Intervention and Disaster Assistance...Procedures outside the United States. It is Air Force...confrontation between United States military forces...Force resources. Intervention by United States military...

2010-07-01

338

43 CFR 3733.2 - Liability of United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Liability of United States. 3733.2 Section 3733...Operation § 3733.2 Liability of United States. The Act in section 3 provides...follows: Provided, That the United States, its permittees and...

2012-10-01

339

Natural aggregates of the conterminous United States  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Crushed stone and sand and gravel are the two main sources of natural aggregates. These materials are commonly used construction materials and frequently can be interchanged with one another. They are widely used throughout the United States, with every State except two producing crushed stone. Together they amount to about half the mining volume in the United States. Approximately 96 percent of sand and gravel and 77 percent of the crushed stone produced in the United States are used in the construction industry. Natural aggregates are widely distributed throughout the United States in a variety of geologic environments. Sand and gravel deposits commonly are the results of the weathering of bedrock and subsequent transportation and deposition of the material by water or ice (glaciers). As such, they commonly occur as river or stream deposits or in glaciated areas as glaciofluvial and other deposits. Crushed stone aggregates are derived from a wide variety of parent bedrock materials. Limestone and other carbonates account for approximately three quarters of the rocks used for crushed stone, with granite and other igneous rocks making up the bulk of the remainder. Limestone deposits are widespread throughout the Central and Eastern United States and are scattered in the West. Granites are widely distributed in the Eastern and Western United States, with few exposures in the Midwest. Igneous rocks (excluding granites) are largely concentrated in the Western United States and in a few isolated localities in the East. Even though natural aggregates are widely distributed throughout the United States, they are not universally available for consumptive use. Some areas are devoid of sand and gravel, and potential sources of crushed stone may be covered with sufficient unconsolidated material to make surface mining impractical. In some areas many aggregates do not meet the physical property requirements for certain uses, or they may contain mineral constituents that react adversely when used as concrete aggregate. In areas where suitable natural aggregate is not available or accessible, it may become necessary to improve the quality of existing aggregate, to import aggregate from outside the area, or to substitute artificial aggregate for natural aggregate. In most cases, all of these alternatives add substantially to the cost of the final product. Even though an area may be blessed with an abundance of aggregate suitable for the intended purpose, existing land uses, zoning, or regulations may preclude commercial exploitation of the aggregate. This report also discusses the aggregate industry in general terms, including exploration, mining, and processing, as well as aggregate production rates. Proper long-range planning based on an understanding of the aggregate industry can help assure adequate supplies of aggregate.

Langer, William H.

1988-01-01

340

The United States Government Manual -- 2001/ 2002  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) released the latest edition of the United States Government Manual on the US Government Printing Office Website September 5 (last year's edition is discussed in the September 15, 2000 Scout Report). The 693-page manual covers agencies in all three branches of the government as well as "quasi-official agencies; international organizations in which the United States participates; and boards, commissions, and committees." Agency descriptions include main officials, the agency's purpose and history, its activities, and a section entitled "Sources of Interest," which gives information such as employment, publications, and other

2001-01-01

341

Implementing the Corrective Action Management Unit at Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico  

SciTech Connect

In September 1997, following significant public and regulator interaction, Sandia Corporation (Sandia) was granted a Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) and Hazardous Solid Waste Amendment (HSWA) permit modification allowing construction and operation of a Correction Action Management Unit (CAMU). The CAMU follows recent regulatory guidance that allows for cost-effective, expedient cleanup of contaminated sites and management of hazardous remediation wastes. The CAMU was designed to store, treat, and provide long-term management for Environmental Restoration (ER) derived wastes. The 154 square meter CAMU site at Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico (SNL/NM), includes facilities for storing bulk soils and containerized wastes, for treatment of bulk soils, and has a containment cell for long-term disposition of waste. Proposed treatment operations include soil washing and low temperature thermal desorption. The first waste was accepted into the CAMU for temporary storage in January 1999. Construction at the CAMU was completed in March 1999, and baseline monitoring of the containment cell has commenced. At completion of operations the facility will be closed, the waste containment cell will be covered, and long-term post-closure monitoring will begin. Sandia's CAMU is the only such facility within the US Department of Energy (DOE) complex. Implementing this innovative approach to ER waste management has required successful coordination with community representatives, state and federal regulators, the DOE, Sandia corporate management, and contractors. It is expected that cost savings to taxpayers will be significant. The life-cycle CAMU project cost is currently projected to be approximately $12 million.

MOORE,DARLENE R.; SCHRADER,SCOTT A.; KING,GABRIEL G.; CORMIER,JOHN

2000-01-26

342

Effects of the 1972 United States - Soviet Trade Agreement on United States Business  

Microsoft Academic Search

The following paper is meant to analyze changes in trade between the United States and the Soviet Union, due to the Trade Agreement signed October 18, 1972. This paper will cover the effects on United States businesses dealing in industrial machinery, plant and equipment, and industrial products, with the exception of consumer and agricultural products. Capital goods contracts which are

Bryan Floyd Smith

1975-01-01

343

Color Landform Atlas of the United States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web site is an on-line warehouse of maps of the United States. For each state there are maps and images local to the site, and links to external web sites. Currently the following maps are available for most of the states: a shaded relief topographic map optimized to show the landforms; a map showing counties in a state; a black and white version of the shaded relief map; National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's AVHRR satellite images of the state; an 1895 map of each state from an old Rand McNally Atlas of the World; and a PostScript map of counties in the state intended for download and printing on a PostScript printer. The shaded relief maps were created from arrays of elevation data. The elevation data were derived from contour maps elsewhere.

Sterner, Ray

344

31 CFR 560.510 - Transactions related to the resolution of disputes between the United States or United States...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...of another agency of the United States Government and the granting of such...of another agency of the United States Government and the granting of such...of other agencies of the United States Government) in a legal...

2013-07-01

345

78 FR 3398 - United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board: Meeting of the United States Travel and Tourism...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...International Trade Administration United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board: Meeting of the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board AGENCY: International...for an open meeting of the United States Travel and Tourism Advisory Board...

2013-01-16

346

77 FR 43573 - Request for Applicants for Appointment to the United States Section of the United States-Turkey...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...United States Section of the United States-Turkey Business Council AGENCY: International Trade...2009, the Governments of the United States and Turkey agreed to establish a U.S.-Turkey Business Council. This notice announces...

2012-07-25

347

The United States Show Caves Directory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This guide provides information about caves in the United States which are open to the public. The directory is arranged by state and provides locations, operating hours, and telephone numbers for all caves in the U. S. which are developed for public access. Other materials include tips for visitors, a tutorial on cave photography, and a link to the "Virtual Cave," which includes maps and photos of different types of caves.

348

United States: The Allocation of Surface Waters  

Microsoft Academic Search

The English settlers in North America brought with them the common law, which, while well developed in many respects, had\\u000a little to say about the allocation of surface waters. With courts generally, but not always, taking the lead, the states of\\u000a the United States developed over three centuries three very different legal regimes for the allocation of water: riparian\\u000a rights

Joseph W. Dellapenna

349

Food Chain Defense in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Protecting the United States food and agricultural critical infrastructure and key resources is an important responsibility\\u000a shared by Federal, State, local, tribal, and territorial governments and private industry partners. Interference with the\\u000a food or agricultural infrastructure could have a devastating impact on the Nation’s public health and economy. Adequate protection\\u000a and resiliency of infrastructure in the Food and Agriculture Sector

Leeanne Jackson

2010-01-01

350

Old-Age Disability and Wealth among Return Mexican Migrants from the United States  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine the old-age consequences of international migration with a focus on disability and wealth from the perspective of the origin country. Methods Analysis sample includes persons aged 60+ from the Mexican Health and Aging Study, a national survey of older-adults in Mexico in 2001. Univariate methods are used to present a comparative profile of return migrants. Multivariate models are estimated for physical disability and wealth. Results Gender differences are profound. Return migrant women are more likely to be disabled while men are wealthier than comparable older adults in Mexico. Discussion Compared to current older adults, younger cohorts of Mexico-U.S. migrants increasingly include women, and more migrants seem likely to remain in the United States rather than return, thus more research will be needed on the old-age conditions of migrants in both countries.

Wong, Rebeca; Gonzalez-Gonzalez, Cesar

2012-01-01

351

Geographic distribution and genetic diversity of Whitewater Arroyo virus in the southwestern United States.  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to extend our knowledge of the geographic distribution and genetic diversity of the arenavirus(es) associated with Neotoma species (woodrats) in the southwestern United States. Infectious arenavirus was recovered from 14 (3.3%) of 425 woodrats. The virus-positive species included N. albigula in New Mexico and Oklahoma, N. cinerea in Utah, N. mexicana in New Mexico and Utah, and N. micropus in Texas. Analyses of viral nucleocapsid protein gene sequence data indicated that all the isolates were strains of the Whitewater Arroyo virus, an arenavirus previously known only from northwestern New Mexico. Analyses of the sequence data also indicated that there can be substantial genetic diversity among strains of Whitewater Arroyo virus from conspecific woodrats collected from different localities and substantial genetic diversity among strains from different woodrat species collected from the same locality.

Fulhorst, C. F.; Charrel, R. N.; Weaver, S. C.; Ksiazek, T. G.; Bradley, R. D.; Milazzo, M. L.; Tesh, R. B.; Bowen, M. D.

2001-01-01

352

Eye Examination Findings Among Children. United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reported were extensive statistical data on the prevalence of abnormal eye conditions found on examination, heterophoria test results, and history of eye problems as well as extent of interrelationship of the eye examination and vision test findings among children aged 6 to 11 years in the United States, based on findings from the Health…

Health Services and Mental Health Administration (DHEW), Bethesda, MD.

353

Air quality management in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2004, the National Research Council released Air Quality Management in the United States, a report prepared in response to a congressional request for an independent evaluation of the overall effectiveness of the Clean Air Act. Based on that report, this article summarizes the committee's findings and recommendations. 10 refs., 2 figs.

William Chameides; Daniel Greenbaum; Raymond Wassel; K. John Holmes; Karl Gustavson; Amanda Staudt

2005-01-01

354

Health, United States, 1981. [Sixth Annual Report].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides the sixth annual report on the health status of the citizens of the United States. Submitted by the Secretary of Health and Human Services to the President and Congress in compliance with Section 308 of the Public Health Services Act, the report presents statistics concerning recent trends in the health care sector along…

National Center for Health Services Research (DHHS/PHS), Hyattsville, MD.

355

Population Pyramids for the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

A chart of Population Pyramids for the United States by Robert Hutchens, PhD, School of Industrial and Labor Relations Cornell University, on behalf of the event: What an Aging Workforce Can Teach Us About Workplace Flexibility held on July 18, 2005 by Workplace Flexibility 2010.

HutchensRobert

2011-01-01

356

Health Care Reform in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

In spite of improvements, on various measures of health outcomes the United States appears to rank relatively poorly among OECD countries. Health expenditures, in contrast, are significantly higher than in any other OECD country. While there are factors beyond the health-care system itself that contribute to this gap in performance, there is also likely to be scope to improve the

David Carey; Bradley Herring; Patrick Lenain

2009-01-01

357

Geothermal resource assessment of the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Geothermal resource assessment is the broadly based appraisal of the quantities of heat that might be extracted from the earth and used economically at some reasonable future time. In the United States, the Geological Survey is responsible for preparing geothermal assessments based on the best available data and interpretations. Updates are required every few years owing to increasing knowledge, enlarging

L. J. Patrick Muffler; Robert L. Christiansen

1978-01-01

358

Analytical chemistry in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

With more than 20 % of the 150,000 members of the American Chemical Society identifying themselves as analytical chemists, the staggering size of the analytical establishment in the United States becomes readily apparent. Indeed, this estimate is probably much too low since many workers in the field are members of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, the clinical chemistry groups,

G. A. Rechnitz

1983-01-01

359

Undergraduate nursing education in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nursing education in the United States began in the 1870s with hospital training schools modeled after the Nightingale plan. Presently there are three educational paths that students may take to become a registered nurse (RN). These are the baccalaureate degree (BS), the associate degree (AD) and the diploma. Accelerated nursing programs are also available for people who have a baccalaureate

Susan A. LaRocco

2010-01-01

360

Regional Wave Propagation in Southeastern United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Broad band seismograms from the April 29, 2003, M4.6 Fort Payne, Alabama earthquake are analyzed to infer mechanisms of crustal wave propagation, crust and upper mantle velocity structure in southeastern United States, and source parameters of the event. In particular, we are interested in producing deterministic models of the distance attenuation of earthquake ground motions through computation of synthetic seismograms.

A. L. Jemberie; C. A. Langston

2003-01-01

361

Intraplate seismicity in the eastern United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Causes for intraplate earthquakes in the eastern United States are indeed complex. Spatially, the seismicity occurs in distinct zones superposed on a less active regional background level. Epicentral patterns tend to be linear within the Valley and Ridge Province (Giles County and eastern Tennessee), diffuse in the Piedmont (central Virginia), and cluster in the Coastal Plain Province (Charleston, South Carolina

G. A. Bollinger; E. G. Jr. Ehlers; M. J. Moses

1987-01-01

362

The United States, Secessionist Movements, and Stability  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores an enduring struggle in American foreign policy between principles of international stability and secessionist self-determination. At the dawn of the 21st century, secessionist conflicts remain a challenge to the United States and to the international community. Recent studies indicate that claims for secession are now proliferating. In this context, this research attempts to explain the behavior of

Jonathan Paquin

363

Orienteering: Growth Patterns in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The history of orienteering in the United States includes both military and civilian interest, with the period of greatest growth between 1970 and 1980. To investigate growth patterns in orienteering, questionnaires were mailed to 42 civilian orienteering clubs and 286 universities supporting senior Reserve Office Training Corps (ROTC)…

Jeffery, Charles F.

364

Global Communication: Role of United States Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes activities of the Carter Center that focus on helping developing countries and suggests mutually beneficial roles universities in the United States could play. Topics discussed include the involvement of business in schools; the use of technology; foreign aid; planning for the future; and linking major universities with developing…

Carter, Jimmy

1990-01-01

365

Emergency War Surgery. Third United States Revision.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Although called the Third United States Revision, this issue of Emergency War Surgery represents an entirely new Handbook. Format, intent, and much of the content are new. None of the chapters of the Second Revision has been preserved verbatim. All materi...

2004-01-01

366

Community Colleges in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This issue discusses the importance of the community college to higher education in the United States. Contained are six articles: (1) "America's Community Colleges: On the Ascent," by Arthur M. Cohen, which places the strengths and challenges of the American community college within a historical context; (2) "Lamps Beside the Golden Door," by…

Lundberg, Richard, Ed.

2002-01-01

367

Homosexuality, Manliness and the United States.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This monograph investigates the nature of the resistance within the United States Army to the inclusion of homosexuals into the wider force and the preparation necessary at the macro level for potential social change should Congress repeal US Code Title 1...

J. C. Dayhoff

2010-01-01

368

Homosexuality, Manliness, and the United States Army.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This monograph investigates the following: (1) the nature of the resistance within the United States Army to the inclusion of openly homosexual service members into the force, and (2) the preparation for social change that would be necessary at the macro ...

J. C. Dayhoff

2010-01-01

369

Modernizing Vertical Datums in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Geodetic Survey (NGS) defines and maintains the National Spatial Reference System (NSRS). Additionally, NGS has a definitive role in providing direct access to the NSRS. An important aspect of the NSRS is the vertical datum, to which geodetic control of elevations is referred. The current official vertical datum for the United States is the North American Vertical Datum

D. B. Zilkoski; D. A. Smith

2006-01-01

370

Managed care in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Medical care in the United States continues to consume an increasing amount of the Gross Domestic Product. To control the rising costs of health care many industries have turned to a controlled form of financing and delivery of health care - often referred to as managed care. Many types of managed care exist, including preferred provider organizations (PPO), exclusive

F. Douglas Scutchfield; Joel Lee; Dana Patton

2010-01-01

371

Malaria among United States troops in Somalia  

Microsoft Academic Search

purpose: United States military personnel deployed to Somalia were at risk for malaria, including chloroquine-resistant Plasmodium falciparum malaria. This report details laboratory, clinical, preventive, and therapeutic aspects of malaria in this cohort.patients and methods: The study took place in US military field hospitals in Somalia, with US troops deployed to Somalia between December 1992 and May 1993. Centralized clinical care

Mark R Wallace; Trueman W Sharp; Bonnie Smoak; Craig Iriye; Patrick Rozmajzl; Scott A Thornton; Roger Batchelor; Alan J Magill; Hans O Lobel; Charles F Longer; James P Burans

1996-01-01

372

United States: Exploring the Marriage Debate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As citizens of the United States respond to legislative and judicial actions that have challenged the prohibition against same-sex couples receiving marriage licenses, schools have a timely opportunity to engage students on this most important debate. Educators can help their students understand the full significance of this issue by encouraging…

Carter, Julie H.

2004-01-01

373

Terrorism in the United States 1999.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This special retrospective issue of Terrorism in the United States provides both a summary of terrorism-related activity in 1999 and a broad overview of U.S.-based terrorism during the past three decades. It discusses notable cases, trends, emerging threa...

1999-01-01

374

Multicultural Teacher Education in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strategies for schooling which reflect the cultural diversity of the United States were examined. To discern the role of teacher education in this process, a survey was conducted of 3,038 postsecondary institutions. The initial query sought to identify multicultural teacher education programs. Statistical data is provided on the groups studied,…

Washburn, David E.

375

United States Mint: 2004 Annual Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During FY 2004, we pursued excellence in artistry through varied methods. For example, the United States Mint made history by releasing two new nickels in the Westward Journey Nickel Series(trademark) - the nation's first new nickels in 66 years. In addit...

2005-01-01

376

Adolescent Suicide Myths in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the United States, teen suicide rates tripled over several decades, but have declined slightly since the mid-1990s. Suicide, by its nature, is a complex problem. Many myths have developed about individuals who complete suicide, suicide risk factors, current prevention programs, and the treatment of at-risk youth. The purpose of this article is to address these myths, to separate fact

Michelle Ann Moskos; Jennifer Achilles; Doug Gray

2004-01-01

377

Reconfiguring Administrative Geographies In The United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some of the most significant social, political, ethical, and economic implications of GIS-based technologies show themselves in changing modes of governance. Administrative geographies in the United States, with some peculiarities resulting from their historical development, are analyzed in this paper as boundary objects that loosely organize local practices. Boundary objects bring together technologies, people, institutions, programs, and policies in an

Francis Harvey

2006-01-01

378

Light rail transit in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years interest in light rail transit has grown substantially in the United States. The concept of LRT is increasingly viewed as a possible answer to the search for a less costly rail transit technology that could reduce America's dependency on the private automobile and put the country on the road to a more secure, self-sufficient energy future. The

Stewart F. Taylor

1980-01-01

379

Synfuels era for the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need for liquid fuels in the future is surveyed, and it is proposed that for the United States the emerging alternative liquid fuel option appears to be a synfuel industry based on coal or oil shale. Specifically, methanol from coal is forecasted to be able to supply fuel for a sizeable alcohol-powered automobile population by the year 2000. This

Goodrich

2009-01-01

380

AED in the United States of America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Academy for Educational Development's (AED's) work in the United States includes programs with many of the nation's major foundations on issues of education reform, parental involvement in the schools, youth development and bridging the distance between school, work, and successful university education. The projects described here cover a…

Academy for Educational Development, 2007

2007-01-01

381

The accuracy of United States precipitation data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Precipitation measurements in the United States (as well as all other countries) are adversely affected by the gauge undercatch bias of point precipitation measurements. When these measurements are used to obtain areal averages, particularly in mountainous terrain, additional biases may be introduced because most stations are at lower elevations in exposed sites. Gauge measurements tend to be underestimates of the

Pavel Ya. Groisman; David R. Legates

1994-01-01

382

Bilingual Education in the United States, 1977.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The goal of European immigrants to the United States was characterized by the "melting pot" image up until the late 1960's. Then a trend of revival of the identity of ethnic minorities changed the slogan to "from the melting pot to the salad bowl." Cultural pluralism and maintenance of native languages became the goals of the movement. The…

Paulston, Christina Bratt

383

Political Science 165 United States Foreign Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE This course surveys the diplomacy and national security strategies of the United States from the nineteenth century to today. We will use various international relations (IR) theories—defensive realism, offensive realism, liberal (or democratic) peace theory, among others—to explain the sources, goals, and consequences, of the policies adopted by successive presidential administrations (from Theodore Roosevelt to George W. Bush). Topics

Nichola Minott

384

Bilingual Education in the United States, 1977.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of European immigrants to the United States was characterized by the "melting pot" image up until the late 1960's. Then a trend of revival of the identity of ethnic minorities changed the slogan to "from the melting pot to the salad bowl." Cultural pluralism and maintenance of native languages became the goals of the movement. The massive…

Paulston, Christina Bratt

385

Eye Examination Findings Among Children. United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reported were extensive statistical data on the prevalence of abnormal eye conditions found on examination, heterophoria test results, and history of eye problems as well as extent of interrelationship of the eye examination and vision test findings among children aged 6 to 11 years in the United States, based on findings from the Health…

Health Services and Mental Health Administration (DHEW), Bethesda, MD.

386

Renewable energy atlas of the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Renewable Energy Atlas (Atlas) of the United States is a compilation of geospatial data focused on renewable energy resources, federal land ownership, and base map reference information. It is designed for the U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service (USFS) and other federal land management agencies to evaluate existing and proposed renewable energy projects. Much of the content of the

J. A. Kuiper; Hlava; H. K. Greenwood; A. Carr

2012-01-01

387

Delayed childbearing in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyzes the phenomenon of delayed childbearing in the United States. It begins by exploring problems associated with the definition and measurement of delayed childbearing. Existing empirical evidence of the phenomenon is reviewed and some new evidence is presented. A general theoretical framework for analyzing delayed childbearing is outlined and discussed in relation to existing theories. The article also

David E. Bloom

1984-01-01

388

Prospecting for Gold in the United States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This United States Geological Survey (USGS) publication discusses gold prospecting in the US. The history of prospecting is covered, as well as where in the US gold can still be found and accounts of successful gold mining. Deposits of gold are also explained, including placer deposits and lode gold. Selected references for additional reading are given.

Kirkemo, Harold

389

National security strategy of the United States  

SciTech Connect

The report describes some of the past accomplishments, present situations and future plans of the United States in international affairs. It focuses primarily on the U.S.'s role in promoting better international relations and economic progress as well as describing some of the challenges the U.S. faces in the coming years.

Not Available

1993-01-01

390

Where Immigrants Settle in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is concerned with the location of immigrants in the United States, as reported in the 1990 Census. Where they settle has implications for the economic, social and political impact of immigrants. Immigrants are highly geographically concentrated. Compared to the native born they are more likely to live in the central parts of Metropolitan Areas in “gateway (major international

Barry R. Chiswick; Paul W. Miller

2004-01-01

391

Comparing Australian and United States productivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

1 Despite a series of broad and deep macroeconomic and microeconomic reforms boosting Australia's productivity growth, the level of Australia's GDP per capita remains well below that of the United States. A continuing gap in the levels of productivity plays a central role in explaining Australia's GDP per capita relative to the US. This paper reviews various explanations for the

Jyoti Rahman

392

Japan's Economic Impact on the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Japan has become increasingly competitive rather than complementary in relations with the United States. Its impact on the U.S. economy stems from structural and policy sources. An important structural source is the vertical anatomy of Japan's for eign trade, which in turn is largely determined by its unbalanced physical endowment. On the policy plane, Japan has pursued a supply-side strategy

Leon Hollerman

1982-01-01

393

Managing nuclear weapons in the United States  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses the management and security of nuclear weapons in the post-cold war United States. The definition of what constitutes security is clearly changing in the US. It is now a much more integrated view that includes defense and the economy. The author tries to bring some semblance of order to these themes in this brief adaptation of a presentation.

Miller, G.

1993-03-16

394

United States Security Policy in Latin America.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Honorable Lester B. Pearson, Prime Minister of Canada during the early 1960's, once described the experience of being a nation on the borders of the United States as like being in bed with an elephant no matter how friendly or well intentioned the ele...

S. R. Nichols H. J. Wiarda

1993-01-01

395

United States Coast Guard Recycling Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In accordance with the Pollution Prevention Act of 1990, the United States Coast Guard (CG) is committed to a pollution prevention program that will improve the quality of the environment. A key element of this program is the minimization of municipal, in...

1996-01-01

396

The United States Uranium Industry, 1993  

Microsoft Academic Search

Low prices and foreign competition continue to plague the United States uranium industry. For eight years (1984-1991) the Secretary of Energy has declared the industry to be nonviable. A similar declaration is expected late in 1993 for 1992. Surface drilling for uranium in 1993 is expected to be about 1 million ft., because deposits are developed prior to mining. Drilling

1993-01-01

397

Coastal Storms of the Eastern United States.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Storms resulting in damage to the East Coast of the United States over the past 42 years have been classified into eight different synoptic situations: hurricanes; wave developments well east of the southeast coast or in the vicinity of Cuba; wave develop...

J. R. Mather H. Adams G. A. Yoshioka

1964-01-01

398

Managing nuclear weapons in the United States.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report discusses the management and security of nuclear weapons in the post-cold war United States. The definition of what constitutes security is clearly changing in the US. It is now a much more integrated view that includes defense and the economy...

G. Miller

1993-01-01

399

United States Council on Geotechnical Engineering Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United States Council on Geotechnical Engineering Research provides this website to "provide advocacy for the continued development and expansion of high quality geotechnical engineering research and education by US academic institutions." The site features many different items, these include things such as, images, animations and interactive resources.

2008-10-08

400

United States and world energy sources  

Microsoft Academic Search

This volume examines the economic, political, and social implications of the oil-dependence dilemma facing the United States. Most of the contributors are energy consultants in the public or private sector. Their analyses of the changing oil situation and its impact on other energy policies reflect either an international, national, or regional perspective with a unique combination of pragmatic insights and

L. L. Berg; L. M. Baird; E. E. Varanini

1982-01-01

401

Partner notification in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction: To conduct an evidence-based review of the literature on the effectiveness of partner notification strategies for syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in the United States.Methods: Systematic literature searches of available databases yielded 212 English language articles on partner notification, 13 of which met the inclusion criteria. These 13 articles were systematically reviewed, abstracted, and rated for

Beth A Macke; Julie E Maher

1999-01-01

402

Classical Linguistics in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the history of classical linguistic studies in the United States. Cites many of the important American classicists from the nineteenth century to the present. Also gives the history of some scholarly organizations, including the Linguistic Society of America and the American Philological Association. (LMO)

Poultney, James W.

1988-01-01

403

The Industrial Revolution in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

For more than three decades now I have been exploring the industrialization and deindustrialization of the United States across the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Over the course of two hundred years the work and family lives of typical Americans have undergone dramatic changes. Between 1800 and 1900, for instance, farming as the major occupation of Americans gave way to a

Thomas Dublin

404

Intergenerational Income Mobility in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social scientists and policy analysts have long expressed concern about the extent of intergenerational income mobility in the United States, but remarkably little empirical evidence is available. The few existing estimates of the intergenerational correlation in income have been biased downward by measurement error, unrepresentative samples, or both. New estimates based on intergenerational data from the Panel Study of Income

Gary Solon

1992-01-01

405

United States Postwar Policy in Asia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United States faced its greatest postwar op portunities for constructive leadership toward peace not in Eu rope but in Asia—it held the future of most of Asia in its hands and dropped it. The Truman administration had no Asian policy at all, except with respect to China and Japan. Its China policy was disastrously wrong. Its policy in Japan

James P. Warburg

1958-01-01

406

Drug Trafficking in the United States.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The illegal drug market in the United States is one of the most profitable in the world. As such, it attracts the most ruthless, sophisticated, and aggressive drug traffickers. Drug law enforcement agencies face an enormous challenge in protecting the cou...

2001-01-01

407

Internationalizing Teacher Education in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As countries become increasingly interdependent, student populations in the United States are becoming more culturally diverse. These students' transnational perspectives present significant challenges to teachers, but a disconnect exists between the skills teachers need and those provided to them by colleges of education. As teacher preparation…

Shaklee, Beverly D., Ed.; Baily, Supriya, Ed.

2012-01-01

408

Forestry Schools in the United States, Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This 24-page booklet compiled by the U.S. Forest Service lists 49 colleges and universities in the United States which offer forestry curriculums leading to an undergraduate and/or graduate degree in forestry or related areas. Brief descriptions of each program are included. Schools accredited by the Society of American Foresters are indicated…

Forest Service (USDA), Washington, DC.

409

Ambulatory Surgery in the United States, 1996  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives—This report presents estimates of surgical and nonsurgical procedures performed on an ambulatory basis in hospitals and freestanding ambulatory surgery centers in the United States during 1996. Data are presented by types of facilities, age and sex of the patient, and geographic region. Major categories of procedures and diagnoses are shown by age, sex, and region. Methods—The estimates are based

Linda Lawrence

410

Late blight in the United States  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This book chapter is specific to late blight in the United States and will include a review and discussion of the history of late blight on potato and tomato crops, changes in grower attitudes towards late blight, present status of the disease in the US, methods for identification, management, and c...

411

The Accuracy of United States Precipitation Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Precipitation measurements in the United States (as well as all other countries) are adversely affected by the gauge undercatch bias of point precipitation measurements. When these measurements are used to obtain areas averages, particularly in mountainous terrain, additional biases may be introduced because most stations are at lower elevations in exposed sites.Gauge measurements tend to be underestimates of the true

Pavel Ya. Groisman; David R. Legates

1994-01-01

412

AIDS Pandemic in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This project is one of four that were issued to first semester sophomore undergraduates at the United States Military Academy as part of an integrated learning experience at the end of their Calculus II course work. This project was used during a short, seven lesson block of instruction that was intended to capitalize on their recent academic…

Erickson, Amy H.; Melendez, Barbra S.; Ball, Daniel L.; Morse, Steven T.; Phillips, Geoffrey P.

2010-01-01

413

Cohousing Association of the United States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web site lists cohousing communities in the United States and abroad with links to their web sites. It also lists products, such as books and videos; services, including professional consulting; and other resources for those interested in developing a cohousing community or learning more about them.

2007-02-08

414

United States Leverage in Sri Lanka.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper examines the ethnic conflict facing the island nation of Sri Lanka. The topic is developed by tracing the history of the conflict, the current position of all parties involved, the United States relations with Sri Lanka, and the important issue...

R. A. Huddleston

1987-01-01

415

Unauthorized Aliens in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

[Excerpt] The unauthorized alien (illegal alien) population in the United States is a key and controversial immigration issue. In recent years, competing views on how to address this population have proved to be a major obstacle to enacting comprehensive immigration reform legislation. The unauthorized alien issue is likely to be a key challenge if, as the Senate Majority Leader and

2010-01-01

416

Contemporary African Immigrants to The United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

The severe economic difficulties, increased poverty and the political instability that have plagued many African countries in the last two decades have resulted in the large scale migration of Africans Europe and the United States. Unlike their counterparts in the 1960s and 70s who were anxious to return home after acquiring an American education in order to contribute in the

Joseph Takougang

417

Student Unrest in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Student movements in the United States, since the year 1905, have shown roughly phases of activity for ten years alternating with phases of calmness. The decline in student activism has been marked by the tragic suicides of several of its leaders. These have reflected the alienation and bitter factionalism engendered among student activists within their movement itself. The last half

Lewis S. Feuer

1972-01-01

418

Health, United States, 1981. [Sixth Annual Report].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document provides the sixth annual report on the health status of the citizens of the United States. Submitted by the Secretary of Health and Human Services to the President and Congress in compliance with Section 308 of the Public Health Services Act, the report presents statistics concerning recent trends in the health care sector along…

National Center for Health Services Research (DHHS/PHS), Hyattsville, MD.

419

Mexico's opportunity: the oil boom  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mexico's economy has been floundering, but Lopez Portillo and his key advisers presently believe the discovery of oil deposits as large as those in the Middle East will restore health to its economy. Mexico's desperate need for foreign exchange and the United States' accelerating demand for foreign oil commend the exchange of U.S. dollars for Mexican petroleum. But four circumstances

2009-01-01

420

77 FR 3152 - New Mexico: Final Authorization of State-Initiated Changes and Incorporation-by-Reference of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...EPA-R06-RCRA-2011-0407; FRL-9613-6] New Mexico: Final Authorization of State-Initiated...SUMMARY: During a review of New Mexico's regulations, the EPA identified...in the regulations the prior approval of New Mexico's hazardous waste management...

2012-01-23

421

The number of illegal migrants of Mexican origin in the United States: Sex ratio-based estimates for 1980  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports the results of applying a sex ratio-based method to estimate the number of undocumented Mexicans residing\\u000a in the United States in 1980. The approach centers on a comparison between the hypothetical sex ratio one would expect to\\u000a find in Mexico in the absence of emigration to the United States and the sex ratio that is in fact

Frank D. Bean; Allan G. King; Jeffrey S. Passel

1983-01-01

422

Geologic Provinces of the United States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A look into the forces of plate tectonics, weathering and erosion. A clickable, digital shaded relief map of the United States divides the continental states into 10 regions: Pacific Mountain System, Columbia Plateau, Basin and Range, Colorado Plateau, Rocky Mountain System, Laurentian Upland, Interior Plains, Interior Highlands, Appalachian Highlands, and Atlantic Plain. Each link takes the viewer to a descriptive page that tells of the geologic history of the region and the forces that produced the current landscape. The site is currently under construction; each specific region will soon have links to Sub provinces, Maps and Illustrations (enabled), and an Image Gallery. Links to two other United States Geological Survey (USGS) learning web sites are available: Geologic time and Plate tectonics. Other links are also provided to a list of parks by province or plate tectonic setting, USGS Geology in the Parks home, and National Park Service Park Geology Tour home.

423

Tektite-bearing, deep-water clastic unit at the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary in northeastern Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

The hypothesis of Cretaceous-Tertiary (K-T) boundary impact on Yucatán, Mexico, predicts that nearby sites should show evidence of proximal impact ejecta and disturbance by giant waves. An outcrop along the Arroyo el Mimbral in northeastern Mexico contains a layered clastic unit up to 3 m thick that interrupts a biostratigraphically complete pelagic-marl sequence deposited at more than 400 m water

Jan Smit; Alessandro Montanari; Nicola H. M. Swinburne; Walter Alvarez; Alan R. Hildebrand; Stanley V. Margolis; Philippe Claeys; William Lowrie; Frank Asaro

1992-01-01

424

Stock Identification of Gag, Mycteroperca microlepis, Along the Southeast Coast of the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

:   The gag grouper Mycteroperca microlepis is an important component of commercial and recreational fisheries along the South Atlantic coast of the United States and\\u000a in the Gulf of Mexico. Over the past two decades, this species has experienced significant declines in abundance and an increasing\\u000a skew in sex ratios. Analysis of microsatellite DNA variation in this species shows mosaic

Robert W. Chapman; George R. Sedberry; Christopher C. Koenig; Brandon M. Eleby

1999-01-01

425

Climate Change in the Western United States: Projections and Observations (Invited)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The interplay between projections and observations of climate, and the role of observations as they unfold, form the primary emphasis for this talk. The consensus among climate projections is that the Western United States will warm, and that annual precipitation will increase near the Canada\\/US border and decrease near the Mexico\\/US border. Inter-model agreement is greater for temperature than precipitation,

K. T. Redmond

2009-01-01

426

Mortality among elderly hispanics in the United States: Past evidence and new results  

Microsoft Academic Search

We used vital records and census data and Medicare and NUMIDENT records to estimate age-and sex-specific death rates for elderly\\u000a non-Hispanic whites and Hispanics, including five Hispanic subgroups: persons born in Cuba, Mexico, Puerto Rico, other foreign\\u000a countries, and the United States. We found that corrections for data errors in vital and census records lead to substantial\\u000a changes in death

Irma T. Elo; Cassio M. Turra; Bert. Kestenbaum; B. Renee. Ferguson

2004-01-01

427

[Mexican migration to the United States: review of a historical process].  

PubMed

The author reviews historical trends in migration from Mexico to the United States. The focus is on the importance of Mexican workers who became part of the industrial work force at the beginning of the twentieth century. The composition of the present-day migrant flow, including undocumented workers, is described. The impact of the 1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act is discussed, and possible causes of illegal migration are considered. PMID:12292253

Verduzco Igartua, G

428

Unit on Mexican and Guatemalan Archaeology. Fulbright-Hays Summer Seminars Abroad Program, 2000 (Mexico and Guatemala).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This curriculum unit on Mexican and Guatemalan archaeology is designed for students at a college preparatory high school who have taken a course in ancient and medieval history. The unit lists history and archaeology texts and teacher resources and is divided into the following sections: (1) geography assignment on Mexico and Guatemala; (2)…

Brown, Kathryn

429

Paleontological Survey: South Portion of Chaco Planning Unit, New Mexico. Volume I. Literature Survey and Field Survey Results.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Volume I contains the results of a literature survey and field survey of the occurrences of fossil plants, invertebrates and vertebrates within a portion of the Bureau of Land Management's Chaco Planning Unit in New Mexico. This planning unit is located a...

K. W. Flessa

1981-01-01

430

Arroyo el Mimbral, Mexico, K\\/T unit: Origin as debris flow\\/turbidite, not a tsunami deposit  

Microsoft Academic Search

Coarse, spherule-bearing, elastic units have been discovered at 10 marine sites that span the K\\/T boundary in northeastern Mexico. We examined one of the best exposed sites in Arroyo el Mimbral, northwest of Tampico. The Mimbral outcrop displays a layered elastic unit up to 3 m thick enclosed by marly limestones of the Mendez (Latest Maastrichian) and Velasco (Earliest Danian)

Bruce F. Bohor; William J. Betterton

1993-01-01

431

Unit on Mexican and Guatemalan Archaeology. Fulbright-Hays Summer Seminars Abroad Program, 2000 (Mexico and Guatemala).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum unit on Mexican and Guatemalan archaeology is designed for students at a college preparatory high school who have taken a course in ancient and medieval history. The unit lists history and archaeology texts and teacher resources and is divided into the following sections: (1) geography assignment on Mexico and Guatemala; (2)…

Brown, Kathryn

432

The future of farmers in El Salvador in the face of the Free Trade Agreement between Central America and the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to explore the potential impacts and benefits of the Free Trade Agreement between Central America and the United States (CAFTA), for agricultural production in El Salvador. The research carried out for this study consisted of in-depth document review, focusing on the result of the Free Trade Agreement between the United States, Mexico and Canada

Sherry Diane Stanley

2004-01-01

433

Gulf of Mexico hypoxia: alternate states and a legacy.  

PubMed

A 20+ year data set of the size of the hypoxic zone off the Louisiana-Texas coast is analyzed to reveal insights about what causes variation in the size of the hypoxic zone in summer, the accumulation of carbon storage in sediments, and pelagic and sediment oxygen demand. The results of models support the conclusion that some of this variation can be explained by a higher sedimentary oxygen demand, which may be larger than water column respiration rates in summer. Proxies for organic loading to sediments reveal that carbon losses continue after accumulation, and results from other studies indicate that sediment oxygen demand is directly related to surface water phytoplankton production, which has increased because of higher nutrient loading from the Mississippi River watershed. The potential size of the hypoxic zone for a given nitrogen load has increased as a result and has doubled from 1980 to 2000. The development of widespread hypoxia after the early 1980s and its consequences could, therefore, be considered a shift to an alternate ecosystem state. The Action Plan for Reducing, Mitigating, and Controlling Hypoxia in the Northern Gulf of Mexico goal of reducing the size of the hypoxic zone to an average of 5000 km2 by 2015 becomes more difficult to achieve for every year there is no significant reduction in nutrient loading. The decisions made to reduce the size of the hypoxic zone must incorporate these nonlinear responses and, we think, err on the side of caution in assuming that existing management efforts are sufficient to restore water quality on this shelf. The legacy of a higher sediment respiratory demand following eutrophication should apply to other coastal systems. PMID:18504960

Turner, R Eugene; Rabalais, Nancy N; Justic, Dubravko

2008-04-01

434

75 FR 14443 - Federal Travel Regulation (FTR); Maximum Per Diem Rates for the States of Kansas, New Mexico, New...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...States of Kansas, New Mexico, New York, Rhode Island, and Texas AGENCY: Office of Governmentwide...States of Kansas, New Mexico, New York, Rhode Island and Texas and determined that they...of New York Oswego County. State of Rhode Island Bristol County. State of...

2010-03-25

435

78 FR 60191 - United States-Colombia Trade Promotion Agreement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...13-16] RIN 1515-AD88 United States-Colombia Trade Promotion Agreement AGENCY: U...customs-related provisions of the United States- Colombia Trade Promotion Agreement. DATES: Effective...November 22, 2006, the United States and Colombia signed the United States-Colombia...

2013-10-01

436

State cigarette excise taxes - United States, 2010-2011.  

PubMed

Increasing the price of cigarettes reduces the demand for cigarettes, thereby reducing youth smoking initiation and cigarette consumption and decreasing the prevalence of cigarette use in the United States overall, particularly among youths and young adults. The most common way governments have increased the price of cigarettes is by increasing cigarette excise taxes, which currently are imposed by all states and the District of Columbia. To update data on state cigarette excise taxes in 2009, CDC conducted a survey of changes in state cigarette excise taxes during 2010-2011. During that period, eight states increased their cigarette excise taxes, and one state decreased its tax; as a result, the mean state tax increased from $1.34 in 2009 to $1.46 in 2011. Previous evidence indicates that further increases in cigarette excise taxes would be expected to result in further reductions in demand for cigarettes, decreasing smoking and associated morbidity and mortality. PMID:22456118

2012-03-30

437

State Geological Surveys and Related Agencies in the United States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web page is part of the California Department of Conservation, Division of Mines and Geology Web site. It provides a list of state geological surveys and related organizations in the United States (and Puerto Rico). For all of these agencies, mail addresses as well as known e-mail and Internet links are provided. Links are also provided to pages on geologic mapping, geologic hazards, earthquake engineering, mineral resources, and technical information and publications.

438

State-specific healthy life expectancy at age 65 years--United States, 2007-2009.  

PubMed

Healthy life expectancy (HLE) is a population health measure that combines mortality data with morbidity or health status data to estimate expected years of life in good health for persons at a given age. HLE accounts for quantity and quality of life and can be used to describe and monitor the health status of populations. HLE estimates for countries have been used for predicting future health service needs, evaluating health programs, and identifying trends and inequalities, but to date, few studies have reported HLE at the state level for the United States. To determine state-level estimates, CDC used data from the National Vital Statistics Systems (NVSS), U.S. Census Bureau, and Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) to calculate HLEs for persons aged 65 years, by sex and race, for each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia (DC). Those calculations indicate that, during 2007-2009, females had a greater HLE than males at age 65 years in every state and DC. HLE was greater for whites than for blacks in all states from which sufficient data were available and DC, except in Nevada and New Mexico. These results can be used as a baseline for states to monitor changes in the HLE of persons aged 65 years as they age and identify health disparities among subpopulations. PMID:23863702

2013-07-19

439

Climate Change Impacts on the United States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored by the US Global Change Research Project, this site contains the much-publicized draft report of the Climate Change Impacts on the United States National Assessment Project. This landmark project investigates the impacts of global climate change at a regional scale. The report includes an overview from the fourteen-member National Assessment Synthesis Team and the full text of the draft report containing information about the effects of climate change on specific regions of the United States and the future of the country's ecosystems. The text is in .pdf format and is accompanied by color figures and tables. The report has been put online for public review and a comments page with instructions for submitting responses via email is included.

440

National Atlas of the United States Maps  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The 'National Atlas of the United States of America?', published by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in 1970, is out of print, but many of its maps can be purchased separately. Maps that span facing pages in the atlas are printed on one sheet. Maps dated after 1970 and before 1997 are either revisions of original atlas maps or new maps published in the original atlas format. The USGS and its partners in government and industry began work on a new 'National Atlas' in 1997. Though most new atlas products are designed for the World Wide Web, we are continuing our tradition of printing high-quality maps of America. In 1998, the first completely redesigned maps of the 'National Atlas of the United States?' were published.

Geological Survey (U.S.)

2001-01-01

441

Economic Survey of the United States, 2000  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Offering the "assessments and recommendation of the 2000 OECD Economic Survey of the United States," this eight-page policy brief from the OECD presents an excellent overview of the status of the US economy. This document aims to answer eight main questions including, "Is the US economy on a higher growth path?" "What are the sources of tension in the economy?" "What monetary policy stance is called for?" and "Are budget surpluses at risk?" Each question is addressed in a compact answer, many with accompanying, easy-to-understand charts and graphs. Contact information and links to related OECD publications are also included at the end of the report. Economic Survey of the United States, 2000 is one in a series of policy briefs on several countries, including the recently released reports on the Netherlands and the Russian Federation.

442

United States Military Academy Digital Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United States Military Academy Library is the oldest federal library in the United States. Recently, they have placed hundreds of rare items online on their very well-organized site. The site includes over twenty thematic collections, and visitors can also browse the collection by document type, such as books, manuscripts, maps, and photographs. There are some real gems here including an eighteen-minute silent movie on Army football, a collection of college yearbooks from the academy (the yearbook is appropriately named the "Howitzer"), and audio lectures from the West Point Distinguished Lecture Series. Finally, the site also includes 40 Civil War maps and a 21-minute film titled, "The MacArthur Story".

443

United States Military Presence in Central Asia: Implications of United States Basing for Central Asian Stability.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis examines the United States policy for establishing overseas military bases, particularly in Central Asia. The major transformational trends in improving U.S. military capabilities over the past two decades and the changing international securi...

J. L. Dockery

2006-01-01

444

Statistical computing in the United States.  

PubMed Central

Recent history and developments related to the increase in statistical computing activities in the United States and by U.S. participants in international efforts are reviewed, with emphasis on important events, organizations, references, and products which contribute to informed selection and use of statistical programs. Three features matrices for major statistical packages are included as potential aids to Japanese statisticians in assessing the utility of these packages in biostatistical applications.

Milton, R C

1979-01-01

445

Increasing IQ in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Americans tend to feel smug about the health benefits of living in a developed nation, yet a great many people in the United\\u000a States are too poor to benefit from the advances in medical care that tend to grab the headlines. If tens of millions of people\\u000a lack medical insurance, then tens of millions will be denied necessary medical treatment.

R. Grant Steen

446

Firearms and suicide in the United States.  

PubMed Central

Regional United States suicide rates in the mid 1970s were associated with the household prevalence of all guns and of pistols. The term "regional" applies to the nine Census divisions of the four US census regions. A literature review suggests that the relation may be etiologic, and that more definitive studies and pilot programs are needed. Arming may be an etiologic factor common both to individual and to national self-destructive behaviors.

Markush, R E; Bartolucci, A A

1984-01-01

447

3 Branches of the United States Government  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Look through these sites and answer , in detail, What are the many duties and functions of the Judicial, Executive, and Legislative Branches of the United States Government? There are many different duties and functions of the three branches of government. As you browse through these websites, record your findings in this chart Venn Diagram Follow the links below to assist you in gathering all the information about the three branches of government. These videos will help you with an overview of ...

Avery

2012-04-04

448

ASEAN Integration in 2030 : United States Perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper argues that United States (US) participation in the East Asia Summit (EAS)—regional integration architecture led by the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)—was motivated by four changes in the regional economic landscape : (i) the Asian financial crisis of 1997 and emergence of the ASEAN+3 grouping; (ii) the rise of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) as the

Pek Koon Heng

2012-01-01

449

Environmental health collaboration: United States and Russia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developed nations share similar challenges to human health from commercial and agricultural chemicals that are released into the environment. Although Russia and the United States are historically distinct and unique, both countries are geographically large and economically dependent on emission-producing surface transportation. This paper describes U.S.-Russian collaborative activities that grew from a 1995 conference in Moscow that brought together environmental

C. H. Rubin; R. L. Jones; B. Revich; S. L. Avaliani; E. Gurvich

2003-01-01

450

Library technology trends in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

The continuing desktop computing revolution, major re?design and re?implementation by a number of vendors of integrated library systems, widespread public acceptance and use of the Internet\\/World?Wide Web, and the increasing use of the Internet to deliver digital content and access to electronic resources, have all combined to create the need for libraries in the United States to enhance and replace

Robert S. McGee; Patrick McClintock

1998-01-01

451

6 K solid state Energy Storage Unit  

Microsoft Academic Search

A cryogen-free cold source for temperature below 6K without mechanical, thermal and electromagnetic perturbations would be welcome in many sensitive applications. This article describes such a device (Energy Storage Unit-ESU) built to store 36J between 3K and 6K. This ESU consists of a solid state enthalpy reservoir connected to a cryocooler by a heat switch. Its different parts as well

I. Catarino; J. Afonso; D. Martins; M. Linder; L. Duband; G. Bonfait

2010-01-01

452

National Atlas of the United States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Those interested in aerial photographs, satellite images, or maps as ways to conceptualize the world, will find this site interesting, entertaining, and educational. The US Dept. of Interior offers a National Atlas of the United States, an interactive resource that allows users to view part or all of the US and overlay layers of information including natural features, political boundaries, federal lands, roads, cities, or airports. These layers can be downloaded as compressed .tar.gz files.

1998-01-01

453

AIRPORT GEOMAGNETIC SURVEYS IN THE UNITED STATES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and the United States military have requirements for design, location, and construction\\u000a of compass calibration pads (compass roses), these having been developed through collaboration with US Geological Survey (USGS)\\u000a personnel. These requirements are detailed in the FAA Advisory Circular AC 150\\/5300-13, Appendix 4, and in various military\\u000a documents, such as Handbook 1021\\/1, but the major

ALAN BERARDUCCI

454

Unemployment in Canada and the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reduced-form unemployment equations containing aggregate demand, structural, and frictional variables are estimated for Canada and the United States. Post-1981 increases in unemployment rates are explained almost entirely by aggr egate demand variables, although structural\\/sectoral variables make i mportant contributions to changes in the gap between the two countrie s' unemployment rates. For both countries, the results support the fo llowing

John McCallum

1987-01-01

455

United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) provides a Web page covering "Basic Facts About Registering A Trademark." Topics include establishing trademark rights, applications, who may apply, searching for conflicting marks, and use of the "TM," "SM" and "circled R" symbols. The information presented here has been quoted on the 'Net often recently with respect to the relationship (or lack thereof) between domain names and trademarks.

456

"Warming hole" in the midwestern United States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A regional climate model was used to estimate current and future climate scenarios to examine the effect of low-level circulation patterns in the midwestern United States on that part of the country's resistance to warming seen over the rest of North America at that time. A "warming hole" was found in the central U.S. during June-September that is not reflected in previously examined global climate models.

Al., Pan E.; Agu

457

Framing immigration to and deportation from the United States: Guatemalan and Salvadoran families make meaning of their experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United States (US) deportation system and its recent applications have profound implications for the integrity and well-being of immigrant families. Since harsh policies were adopted in 1996, millions of non-citizens, mostly from Mexico and Central America, have been forced to leave the US. Despite the large numbers of people directly threatened by the deportation system, little is known about

Kalina M. Brabeck; M. Brinton Lykes; Rachel Hershberg

2011-01-01

458

Crystal subdivisions of the eastern and central United States and a seismic boundary hypothesis for eastern seismicity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Potential field and surface geologic data may be used to subdivide the Precambrian and Phanerozoic crust of the eastern and central United States into several blocks. These subdivisions are made by using the trends, amplitudes, and frequencies of magnetic anomalies in conjunction with gravity and surface geologic data. Most blocks appear unrelated to historical seismicity, but between New Mexico and

Robert D. Hatcher Jr.; Isidore Zietz; Joe J. Litehiser

1987-01-01

459

HâOâ, Oâ and SOâ measurements in the lower troposphere over the eastern United States during fall  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report gas phase measurements of hydrogen peroxide, sulfur dioxide and ozone in the lower troposphere over the eastern United States in October and November 1984. A series of flights based at Springfield, Ohio, extending from the Gulf of Mexico to upstate New York, and from the surface to 3.5 km, were flown in air having a predominantly southerly origin.

Brian G. Heikes; Gregory L. Kok; James G. Walega; Allan L. Lazrus

1987-01-01

460

Twenty Activities to Expand Your Students' Knowledge of the World While Studying Your State. A Global Perspectives Experimental Unit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This unit contains 20 classroom activities which have a global approach and will enable junior or high school students to learn about their state and the world. Student materials and teaching procedures are provided for each activity. Some examples of the activities follow. In one activity students compare the size of New Mexico with another area…

Cleveland, Alice Ann; Lewis, Nancy G.

461

Dios y el Norte: The Perceptions of Wives of Documented and Undocumented Mexican Immigrants to the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to assess attitudes toward the United States andAmericans, toward Mexico and Mexicans, and knowledge about Proposition 187 in Mexican women married to documented and undocumented immigrant workers in California. The data presented here correspond to the baseline of a longitudinal study currently in process. Participants were a sample of 24 women living permanently in

V. Nelly Salgado de Snyder; Ma. de Jesus Diaz-Perez; Andrea Acevedo; Lucia X. Natera

1996-01-01

462

A Decision Tree Model for Evaluating Countermeasures to Secure Cargo at United States Southwestern Ports of Entry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a decision tree model for evaluating countermeasures to reduce vulnerabilities to terrorism in commercial truck crossings at United States southwestern land ports of entry. The model includes critical events in four phases of cargo movement: cargo transfer in Mexico, Mexican customs, U.S. customs, and the inland phase. Improvements in transportation security, inspections at Mexican ports, and at

Niyazi Onur Bakir

2008-01-01

463

Civil Commitment in the United States  

PubMed Central

This article reviews the academic literature on the psychiatric practice of civil commitment. It provides an overview of the history of involuntary psychiatric hospitalization in the United States—from the creation of the first asylum and the era of institutionalization to the movement of deinstitutionalization. The ethical conflict that the practice of involuntary hospitalization presents for providers, namely the conflict between the ethical duties of beneficence and respect for patient autonomy, is presented. The evolution of the United States commitment standards, from being based on a right to treatment for patients with mental illness to being based on dangerousness, as well as the implications that the changes in commitment criteria has had on patients and society, are discussed. Involuntary hospitalization of patient populations that present unique challenges for psychiatry (e.g., not guilty by reason of insanity acquittees, sex offenders, and individuals with eating disorders, substance use disorders, and personality disorders) is discussed. Finally, an overview of outpatient commitment is provided. By reading this article, one will learn the history of involuntary psychiatric hospitalization in the United States and gain an understanding of the ethical issues that make civil commitment one of the most controversial practices in modern psychiatry.

West, Sara G.

2010-01-01

464

Drought Reconstructions for the Continental United States*.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The development of a 2° lat × 3° long grid of summer drought reconstructions for the continental United States estimated from a dense network of annual tree-ring chronologies is described. The drought metric used is the Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI). The number of grid points is 154 and the reconstructions cover the common period 1700-1978. In producing this grid, an automated gridpoint regression method called `point-by-point regression' was developed and tested. In so doing, a near-optimal global solution was found for its implementation. The reconstructions have been thoroughly tested for validity using PDSI data not used in regression modeling. In general, most of the gridpoint estimates of drought pass the verification tests used. In addition, the spatial features of drought in the United States have been faithfully recorded in the reconstructions even though the method of reconstruction is not explicitly spatial in its design.The drought reconstructions show that the 1930s `Dust Bowl' drought was the most severe such event to strike the United States since 1700. Other more local droughts are also revealed in the regional patterns of drought obtained by rotated principal component analysis. These reconstructions are located on a NOAA Web site at the World Data Center-A in Boulder, Colorado, and can be freely downloaded from there.

Cook, Edward R.; Meko, David M.; Stahle, David W.; Cleaveland, Malcolm K.

1999-04-01

465

United States Transuranium and Uranium Registries  

SciTech Connect

The United States Transuranium and Uranium Registries are unique human tissue research programs studying the distribution, dose, and possible biological effects of the actinide elements in man, with the primary goal of assuring the adequacy of radiation protection standards for these radionuclides. The Registries research is based on radiochemical analysis of tissues collected at autopsy from voluntary donors who have documented occupational exposure to the actinides. To date, tissues, or in some cases radioanalytical results only, have been obtained from approximately 300 individuals; another 464 living individuals have volunteered to participate in the Registries research programs and have signed premortem informed consent and autopsy permissions. The Registries originated at the National Plutonium Registry which was started in 1968 as a then Atomic Energy Commission project under the aegis of a prime contractor at the Hanford site. In 1970, the name was changed to the United States Transuranium Registry to reflect a broader involvement with the higher actinides. In 1978, an administratively separate parallel registry, the United States Uranium Registry, was formed to carry out similar studies among uranium fuel cycle workers.

Kathren, R.

1993-02-28

466

Fluid origin of the Ixtacamaxtitlán hydrothermal deposits, Puebla State, Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

The hydrothermal deposit of Ixtacamaxtitlán (Puebla, Mexico) is made up by a succession, from bottom to top, of quartzveins and stockwork enclosed in a porphyritic subvolcanic body, a kaolinitized rhyolitic tuff and a layered opal deposit. This vertical arrangement coupled with the distribution of the different alteration assemblages lead to the interpretation of the whole as a low-sulfidation epithermal deposit.

J. M. Morales-Ramirez; J. Tritlla; A. Camprubí; R. Corona-Esquivel

2003-01-01

467

Abortion Surveillance - Legal Abortions, United States Annual Summary 1971.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 1969, the Center for Disease Control initiated surveillance of legal abortions in the United States. Since then, abortion laws, abortion reporting, and abortion ratios in the United States have changed dramatically. In 1969, there were 9 states with li...

1972-01-01

468

Monitoring Colonias along the United States-Mexico border  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Colonias Monitoring Program provides a publicly accessible, binational, GIS database to enable civic leaders and c itizens to inventory, analyze, and monitor growth, housing, and infrastructure in border communities. High-technology tools are provided to support planning efforts and development along the border, using a sustainable and comprehensive approach. The collective information can be used by nongovernmental organizations in preparing grant and loan applications for community-improvement projects.

Norman, Laura M.; Parcher, Jean W.; Lam, Alven H.

2004-01-01

469

Taxation of United States general aviation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

General aviation in the United States has been an important part of the economy and American life. General aviation is defined as all flying excluding military and scheduled airline operations, and is utilized in many areas of our society. The majority of aircraft operations and airports in the United States are categorized as general aviation, and general aviation contributes more than one percent to the United States gross domestic product each year. Despite the many benefits of general aviation, the lead emissions from aviation gasoline consumption are of great concern. General aviation emits over half the lead emissions in the United States or over 630 tons in 2005. The other significant negative externality attributed to general aviation usage is aircraft accidents. General aviation accidents have caused over 8000 fatalities over the period 1994-2006. A recent Federal Aviation Administration proposed increase in the aviation gasoline tax from 19.4 to 70.1 cents per gallon has renewed interest in better understanding the implications of such a tax increase as well as the possible optimal rate of taxation. Few studies have examined aviation fuel elasticities and all have failed to study general aviation fuel elasticities. Chapter one fills that gap and examines the elasticity of aviation gasoline consumption in United States general aviation. Utilizing aggregate time series and dynamic panel data, the price and income elasticities of demand are estimated. The price elasticity of demand for aviation gasoline is estimated to range from -0.093 to -0.185 in the short-run and from -0.132 to -0.303 in the long-run. These results prove to be similar in magnitude to automobile gasoline elasticities and therefore tax policies could more closely mirror those of automobile tax policies. The second chapter examines the costs associated with general aviation accidents. Given the large number of general aviation operations as well as the large number of fatalities and injuries attributed to general aviation accidents in the United States, understanding the costs to society is of great importance. This chapter estimates the direct and indirect costs associated with general aviation accidents in the United States. The indirect costs are estimated via the human capital approach in addition to the willingness-to-pay approach. The average annual accident costs attributed to general aviation are found to be 2.32 billion and 3.81 billion (2006 US) utilizing the human capital approach and willingness-to-pay approach, respectively. These values appear to be fairly robust when subjected to a sensitivity analysis. These costs highlight the large societal benefits from accident and fatality reduction. The final chapter derives a second-best optimal aviation gasoline tax developed from previous general equilibrium frameworks. This optimal tax reflects both the lead pollution and accident externalities, as well as the balance between excise taxes and labor taxes to finance government spending. The calculated optimal tax rate is 4.07 per gallon, which is over 20 times greater than the current tax rate and 5 times greater than the Federal Aviation Administration proposed tax rate. The calculated optimal tax rate is also over 3 times greater than automobile gasoline optimal tax rates calculated by previous studies. The Pigovian component is 1.36, and we observe that the accident externality is taxed more severely than the pollution externality. The largest component of the optimal tax rate is the Ramsey component. At 2.70, the Ramsey component reflects the ability of the government to raise revenue aviation gasoline which is price inelastic. The calculated optimal tax is estimated to reduce lead emissions by over 10 percent and reduce accidents by 20 percent. Although unlikely to be adopted by policy makers, the optimal tax benefits are apparent and it sheds light on the need to reduce these negative externalities via policy changes.

Sobieralski, Joseph Bernard

470

Water Use in the United States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The USGS National Water-Use Information Program is a cooperative program with State and local governments designed to collect, store, analyze, and disseminate water-use information, both nationally and locally, to a wide variety of government agencies and private organizations. Two reports detail the estimated water use in the United States in 1990 and 1995. The corresponding data for counties and watersheds is available in tab-delimited files for 1985, 1990 and 1995. A handbook for collecting water-use data provides standards and guidance in measuring, estimating, collecting, compiling, and analyzing water-use data. A series of color maps of water-use by State for 1990 illustrates water use for a variety of purposes. There is a link to Water Science for Schools, which offers information for students ages 9-90. A fact sheet includes water-use information for planners, managers, policy makers, educators, and the general public.

471

Gambling Trends in the State of New Mexico: 1996-1998  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|New Mexico experienced a surge in the gaming industry during the mid-1990s with the initiation of a state lottery and other new gaming opportunities, as well as the development of many Indian gaming establishments. This paper explores patterns associated with gambling in two random samples of the adult population (N = 2674) in the entire State of…

Blankenship, Jason; Starling, Randall; Woodall, W. G.; May, Philip A.

2009-01-01

472

Illicit markets, weak states and violence: Iraq and Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article focuses on drug trafficking violence in Mexico and on those elements of the violence in Iraq which are related\\u000a to competition for the control over smuggling of oil and other largely licit commodities. It suggests that the broader context\\u000a is critical, while the nature of the commodity—and in particular whether it is prohibited or simply a legal commodity

Phil Williams

2009-01-01

473

National Atlas of the United States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Developed by the United States Geological Survey and its partners, the National Atlas of the United States is a predominantly digital collection of maps serving to update the 1970 version and providing a reliable summary of national-scale geographic information on the environmental, resource, demographic, economic, social, political, and historical dimensions of American life. The compilation (found under Atlas Maps) includes sections for interactive map browsing, multimedia maps, map layers data, and printed maps. The Interactive Map Browser provides easy-to-use tools to display, manipulate, print, and query National Atlas data using an overlay approach with layers selected from agriculture, biology, boundaries, climate, environment, geology, demography, transportation, water, and general reference categories. The multimedia maps use animation and/or clickable interfaces to explore a number of topics from geologic history to invasive species to vegetation growth. The map layers data warehouse contains a series of authoritative national geospatial and geostatistical datasets for use in Geographical Information Systems (GIS) or computer-aided design systems. Both data types are tied to specific geographic areas and are categorized and indexed using such parameters as county, State, and zip code boundaries or geographic coordinate systems. The printed map section includes reference and thematic maps (for ordering) reprinted from the 1970 version of the Atlas. In addition to the collection, links are provided to federal and business partners, Atlas News with links to relevant federal sites, an Atlas FAQ page, and a feedback page.

474

Indian Entrepreneurial Success in the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indian immigrants in the United States and other wealthy countries are successful in entrepreneurship. Using census data from the three largest developed countries in the world receiving Indian immigrants-the United States, United Kingdom and Canada-the authors examine the performance of Indian entrepreneurs and the causes of their success. In the United States, Indian entrepreneurs have average business income that is

Robert W. Fairlie; Harry Krashinsky; Julie Zissimopoulos; Krishna B. Kumar

2009-01-01

475

United States/Canada electricity exchanges  

SciTech Connect

The United States and Canada have been cooperating in all areas of energy exchange for many years. Electrical energy has been chosen to be the focus of this study because substantial means for exchanges offer benefits that have not yet been fully exploited. There may be some bilateral benefits from additional interconnections because of the buffers which they represent against domestic imbalances. After the history of the electricity exchanges between the two countries is reviewed, opportunities and incentives and obstacles and constraints are discussed in the next two chapters. The final chapter examines procedures to resolve obstacles and minimize constraints. (MCW)

Not Available

1979-02-01

476

United States Census: K-4 Teaching Materials  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This teachers' guide provides lessons for younger students that use information derived from the 2000 census of the United States. Topics include map literacy, community involvement, and managing data. Students work with maps, use math to analyze data, identify demographic groups to which they belong, understand the use of census data in planning, and learn about collecting and organizing data. The guide is presented in individual chapters that can be downloaded and printed. Each lesson consists of two activities stepped to allow teaching to grades K-2 or 3-4. Other materials include downloadable, printable maps to be used in the lessons and a list of additional resources.

Bureau, United S.

477

Contraceptive failure in the United States  

PubMed Central

This review provides an update of previous estimates of first-year probabilities of contraceptive failure for all methods of contraception available in the United States. Estimates are provided of probabilities of failure during typical use (which includes both incorrect and inconsistent use) and during perfect use (correct and consistent use). The difference between these two probabilities reveals the consequences of imperfect use; it depends both on how unforgiving of imperfect use a method is and on how hard it is to use that method perfectly. These revisions reflect new research on contraceptive failure both during perfect use and during typical use.

Trussell, James

2013-01-01

478

Elevations and Distances in the United States  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The information in this booklet was compiled to answer inquiries received by the Geological Survey from students, teachers, writers, editors, publishers of encyclopedias, almanacs and other reference books, and people in many other fields of work. The elevations of features and distances between points in the United States were determined from surveys and topographic maps of the Geological Survey or obtained from other sources. Some of this information, compiled from older maps, will be revised as new surveys are completed. For further information, write to the U. S. Geological Survey, 507 National Center.Reston,Virginia 22092.

U.S. Geological Survey

1980-01-01

479

United States Council for Automotive Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United States Council for Automotive Research (USCAR) is a joint operation between Ford, DaimlerChrysler, and General Motors. The council lets the companies combine their resources to develop better non-competitive technologies, such as safety, fuel efficiency, and emissions. Many new innovations in vehicle design are described on the USCAR Web site. For example, the 21st Century section outlines some major advances that will shape the future of the automobile, while Specific Technologies examines various new manufacturing practices and vehicle components. There are also many articles and technical accomplishments listed on the site, giving some insight into what is currently being done to make driving a better experience.

480

Roadless space of the conterminous United States  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Roads encroaching into undeveloped areas generally degrade ecological and watershed conditions and simultaneously provide access to natural resources, land parcels for development, and recreation. A metric of roadless space is needed for monitoring the balance between these ecological costs and societal benefits. We introduce a metric, roadless volume (RV), which is derived from the calculated distance to the nearest road. RV is useful and integrable over scales ranging from local to national. The 2.1 million cubic kilometers of RV in the conterminous United States are distributed with extreme inhomogeneity among its counties.

Watts, R. D.; Compton, R. W.; McCammon, J. H.; Rich, C. L.; Wright, S. M.; Owens, T.; Ouren, D. S.

2007-01-01

481

USIA United States Information Agency Homepage  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United States Information Agency its site online to help explain and advocate U.S. policies in terms that are credible and meaningful in foreign cultures, and to bring the benefits of international engagement to American citizens and institutions by helping them build strong long-term relationships with their counterparts overseas. Resources include information about the Fulbright Scholar programs, student exchanges, international broadcasting, press announcements, and a foreign media reaction section. American and overseas scholars seeking short and long-term grants will find it especially useful for learning about opportunities for travel abroad and travel to the U.S.

482

Is the United States ready for QALYs?  

PubMed

Quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) are used in cost-effectiveness analyses to aid coverage and reimbursement decisions worldwide. QALYs provide a flexible and convenient metric for measuring and comparing health outcomes across diverse diseases and treatments. But their use has stirred controversy about how accurately they reflect preferences for health care and whether their use is fair. We review the debate and the use of QALYs in other countries and discuss prospects for using them in the U.S. health care system. Strict adherence to a QALY approach is likely to prove unacceptable in the United States, but a more flexible use of QALYs could be beneficial. PMID:19738253

Neumann, Peter J; Greenberg, Dan

483

The state of the unions: United States and Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study demonstrates that the Canadian labor movement has outperformed its American counterpart in terms of union growth,\\u000a union density, and certification outcomes. Labor and product market factors do not appear to be major contributing factors.\\u000a Public policy and increased employer resistance have played a critical role, particularly in the decline of unionization in\\u000a the United States. Union-related variables —

Joseph B. Rose; Gary N. Chaison

1985-01-01

484

Childhood Vaccination Providers in the United States  

PubMed Central

Objectives. This study sought to provide a characterization of US childhood vaccination providers. Methods. The state was used as the analytic unit in examining 1997 data from the National Immunization Survey and the Vaccines for Children program, state immunization reports, and natality records. Results. Overall, 57% of children were vaccinated in the private sector, 18% were vaccinated in the public sector, and 25% were vaccinated by a mixture of providers. Of the 50 883 immunization sites, 81% were private and 19% public. Average patient load was 77 infants per site. Private-sector patient loads were lower than public-sector loads. Conclusions. US childhood vaccination provider capacity is adequate. Efforts to raise coverage rates should focus on increasing preventive care use among children, improving the vaccination performance of providers, and ensuring continuity of care.

LeBaron, Charles W.; Lyons, Bridget; Massoudi, Mehran; Stevenson, John

2002-01-01

485

Prevalence of Hepatitis C Infection in a Population of Asymptomatic People in a Checkup Unit in Mexico City  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection has an estimated prevalence of 3% around the world. Unfortunately, many persons with HCV infection are asymptomatic. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hepatitis C Virus infection in asymptomatic persons. This study was carried out in a population-based cross-sectional study in the Checkup Unit of University Hospital in Mexico City.

Nahum MÉndez-SÁnchez; Guadalupe Ponciano-Rodriguez; Norberto C. ChÁvez-Tapia; Daniel Motola-Kuba; Paloma Almeda-Valdes; Karla SÁnchez-Lara; Martha H. Ramos; Misael Uribe

2005-01-01

486

An overview of coastal land loss with emphasis on the southeastern United States  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This report represents a general overview of the primary causes and consequences of coastal land loss. Most of the examples and references are from states bordering the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean where the largest magnitudes and highest rates of coastal land losses in the United States are recorded (Dahl, 2000). The report serves as an introductory guide to the topics and literature on coastal land loss, and acts as a link to ongoing research being conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey.

Morton, Robert A.

2003-01-01

487

Hydrologic projections for the western United States  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Motivated by a common interest in establishing data access for climate change impacts analysis, the U.S. Department of the Interior's Bureau of Reclamation (referred to hereinafter as Reclamation) has collaborated since 2007 with federal and nonfederal entities to provide monthly gridded precipitation and temperature data from 112 contemporary climate projections (Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 3 (CMIP3)) over the contiguous United States. The grid size resolution of this downscaled data archive (publicly available at http://gdo-dcp.ucllnl.org/downscaled_cmip3_projections/) is 1/8° latitude x 1/8° longitude (approximately 12 x 12 kilometers) and covers the period 1950-2099 [Maurer et al., 2007]. Downscaling is necessary to develop hydroclimate data (e.g., precipitation and temperature) from a coarse- resolution climate model grid to a higher-resolution grid, and the CMIP3 archive was downscaled using the statistical method of bias correction. Although approximately 1000 unique users to date have downloaded the precipitation and temperature information contained within the archive (commonly referred to as the bias corrected spatially downscaled, or BCSD-CMIP3, archive), these temperature and precipitation projections have not been used to consistently generate hydrologic projections over the United States and at fine enough scale to perform hydrologic impacts analysis and support local adaptation assessments. Without available hydrologic projections, planners typically develop and apply their own site-specific and local hydrology models to fill this information gap. However, this makes consistent regional intercomparisons of hydrologic impacts of climate change difficult.

Gangopadhyay, Subhrendu; Pruitt, Tom; Brekke, Levi; Raff, David

2011-11-01

488

Annual hydroclimatology of the United States  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An overview of the annual hydroclimatology of the United States is provided. Time series of monthly streamflow, temperature, and precipitation are developed for 1337 watersheds in the United States. This unique data set is then used to evaluate several approaches for estimating the long-term water balance and the interannual variability of streamflow. Traditional relationships which predict either actual evapotranspiration or the interannual variability of streamflow from an aridity index $\\phi = {\\rm \\overline {PE}}/{\\bar P}$ are shown to perform poorly for basins with low soil moisture storage capacity. A water balance model is used to formulate new relationships for predicting actual evapotranspiration and the interannual variability of streamflow. These relationships depend on both the aridity index $\\phi = {\\rm \\overline {PE}}/{\\bar P}$ and a new soil moisture storage index. A physically based approach for estimating the soil moisture storage index is introduced which requires monthly time series of precipitation, potential evapotranspiration, and an estimate of maximum soil moisture holding capacity. The net results are improved expressions for the long-term water balance and the interannual variability of streamflow which do not require either calibration or streamflow data.

Sankarasubramanian, A.; Vogel, Richard M.

2002-06-01

489

12 CFR 1270.20 - Consolidated obligations are not obligations of the United States or guaranteed by the United...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Consolidated obligations are not obligations of the United States or guaranteed by the United States. 1270.20 Section 1270.20 Banks and...Consolidated obligations are not obligations of the United States or guaranteed by the United States....

2012-01-01

490

International Year of Astronomy 2009 in the United States  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To coordinate the U.S. celebration of IYA 2009, the American Astronomical Society (AAS) appointed two committees whose members are drawn from leading organizations that engage in astronomy education and public outreach in the United States, Canada and Mexico. The Program Committee is charged with developing themes and activities that spread awareness of astronomy's rich scientific and cultural role throughout human history; the Development Committee will work to secure funding to support these activities. The U.S. IYA 2009 program's goal is to offer an engaging astronomy experience to every person in North America through events and activities organized along six themes. These are: Looking Through A Telescope; Dark Skies are a Universal Resource; Arts, Entertainment & Storytelling; Student-Teacher Research Experiences; Telescope Building & Optics Challenges; and, Sharing the Universe Through New Technology. Each theme will be coordinated by one or more working groups of 6-8 people each, of interested professionals and amateurs, and supported by a centralized Web portal.

Deustua, Susana E.; Isbell, D.

2007-05-01

491

Meeting a Binational Research Challenge: Substance Abuse Among Transnational Mexican Farmworkers in the United States  

PubMed Central

To help in understanding the manner in which community, individual, and other factors in the United States and Mexico contribute to drug use among transnational migrants, this paper introduces a binational social ecology model of substance abuse in this population. We draw on our 2 NIH-funded ethnographic studies—1 on problem drinking and the other on drug abuse—among transnational Mexican workers in the mushroom industry of southeastern Pennsylvania. Our model demonstrates that major reasons for substance abuse among transnational migrants include nontraditional living arrangements in labor camps and overcrowded apartments, the absence of kin and community deterrents to drug use, social isolation, the presence of drug use and binge drinking subcultures, the availability of drugs, family history of drugs, previous drug use or witnessing of drug use in Mexico, and drug use norms and drug availability in Mexico. It suggests the need for US and Mexican researchers to collaborate in binational teams and address factors on both sides of the border. Our binational social ecology model, together with our research recommendations, will assist alcohol and drug researchers to discover how community and individual factors in both the United States and abroad fit and interact beyond mere association and provide a more comprehensive research approach to substance abuse research among transnational migrants.

Garcia, Victor

2011-01-01

492

8 CFR 316.5 - Residence in the United States.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the date of the applicant's return to the United States to resume permanent residence. An applicant described in this paragraph...the date of the applicant's return to the United States to resume permanent residence. (2) Claim of nonresident alien...

2013-01-01

493

7 CFR 1212.32 - United States Customs Service.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false United States Customs Service. 1212...RESEARCH, PROMOTION, CONSUMER EDUCATION AND INDUSTRY...Research, Promotion, Consumer Education, and Industry...Definitions § 1212.32 United States Customs Service....

2013-01-01

494

Homeschooling in the United States: 2003. Statistical Analysis Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report represents the latest survey information from the National Center for Education Statistics on the prevalence of homeschooling in the United States. Homeschooling in the United States: 2003 uses the Parent and Family Involvement Survey of the 2...

C. Chapman D. Princiotta S. Bielick

2006-01-01

495

Partners in Democracy: India and the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides background on the historical connections between India and the United States and compares their political systems. Offers a number of learning activities designed to promote better understanding between India and the United States. (BSR)

Turkovich, Marilyn

1987-01-01

496

EMAP WESTERN UNITED STATES LANDSCAPE CHARACTERIZATION NORTHERN CALIFORNIA DATA BROWSER  

EPA Science Inventory

The United States Environmental Protection Agency's Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP) is conducting a pilot study in the western United States. This study will advance the science of ecological monitoring and demonstrate techniques for regional-scale asse...

497

United States Military Strategy in the Persian Gulf.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The importance of Persian Gulf oil, in the context of United States national security has been demonstrated in recent political, economic and military terms. Substantial United States military resources have been devoted to maintain national security inte...

E. E. Whitehead

1989-01-01

498

1 CFR 12.3 - The United States Government Manual.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2005-01-01 true The United States Government Manual. 12.3 Section 12.3 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE... OFFICIAL DISTRIBUTION WITHIN FEDERAL GOVERNMENT § 12.3 The United States Government Manual. (a)...

2009-01-01

499

Is United States Participation in South Vietnam and Cambodia Legal.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The problem is considered from the viewpoints of international law and United States constitutional law. Research included examination of the United States Constitution, treaties, judicial decisions, legal texts, books and articles which related to the su...

V. A. De Fiori

1970-01-01

500

26 CFR 1.953-2 - Actual United States risks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...refrigerators exclusively in the United States and manufactures automobiles both in a foreign country and in the United States through substantial activity...of a part for one of the automobiles by the foreign branch,...

2009-04-01