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1

Advantages of Sabatier for extended duration manned missions.  

PubMed

As manned space missions become longer and go farther away (i.e., Mars missions), the cost of resupply missions becomes substantial and even impractical. In order to reduce the logistics penalty for air revitalization in manned spacecraft, breathing oxygen (O2) must be recovered from metabolic carbon dioxide (CO2). The Sabatier CO2 reduction system is a key component of an integrated air revitalization system. The heart of the Sabatier system is the chemical catalyst bed that reacts carbon dioxide with hydrogen to form methane and water. Product water from a Sabatier subsystem would positively affect the current International Space Station (ISS) water balance and Mars missions would also benefit from the use of product methane as a propellant. This article focuses on the potential benefits of using the Sabatier subsystem for ISS and potential Mars mission applications. PMID:11871449

Murdoch, K; Carrasquillo, R; O'Donnell, P; Fort, J

1998-01-01

2

Sabatier Carbon Dioxide Reduction Assembly Development for Closed Loop Water Recovery.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Sabatier Carbon Dioxide Reduction System (CRA) offers water recovery on a long duration space mission to reduce water resupply. Currently, NASA Johnson Space Center (JSC), NASA Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Hamilton Sundstrand Space Systems Int...

F. Smith J. Perry K. Murdoch L. Goldblatt

2004-01-01

3

Debating Paul  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This classroom note describes the lessons I learned from the use of formal debates during the two semesters I taught "Paul and Early Christianity" to undergraduates at a liberal arts college in Ohio. The purpose of the course was primarily to give students the exegetical skills to understand Paul in his own context. The secondary purpose was to…

Torbett, David

2007-01-01

4

Paul Dirac  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Preface Peter Goddard; Dirac memorial address Stephen Hawking; 1. Paul Dirac: aspects of his life and work Abraham Pais; 2. Antimatter Maurice Jacob; 3. The monopole David Olive; 4. The Dirac equation and geometry Michael F. Atiyah.

Pais, Abraham; Jacob, Maurice; Olive, David I.; Atiyah, Michael F.

2005-09-01

5

Paul Dirac  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Preface Peter Goddard; Dirac memorial address Stephen Hawking; 1. Paul Dirac: aspects of his life and work Abraham Pais; 2. Antimatter Maurice Jacob; 3. The monopole David Olive; 4. The Dirac equation and geometry Michael F. Atiyah.

Pais, Abraham; Jacob, Maurice; Olive, David I.; Atiyah, Michael F.

1998-02-01

6

Methanation of carbon dioxide by hydrogen reduction using the Sabatier process in microchannel reactors  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the development of a microchannel-based Sabatier reactor for applications such as propellant production on Mars or space habitat air revitalization. Microchannel designs offer advantages for a compact reactor with excellent thermal control. This paper discusses the development of a Ru-TiO2 based catalyst using powdered form and its application and testing in a microchannel reactor. The resultant catalyst and microchannel reactor demonstrates good conversion, selectivity, and longevity in a compact device. A chemically reacting flow model is used to assist experimental interpretation and to suggest microchannel design approaches. A kinetic rate expression for the global Sabatier reaction is developed and validated using computational models to interpret packed-bed experiments with catalysts in powder form. The resulting global reaction is then incorporated into a reactive plug-flow model that considers flow within a microchannel reactor.

Brooks, Kriston P.; Hu, Jianli; Zhu, Huayang; Kee, Robert

2007-02-01

7

Methanation of carbon dioxide by hydrogen reduction using the Sabatier process in microchannel reactors  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the development of a microchannel-based Sabatier reactor for applications such as propellant production on Mars or space habitat air revitalization. Microchannel designs offer advantages for a compact reactor with excellent thermal control. This paper discusses the development of a Ru–TiO2-based catalyst using powdered form and its application and testing in a microchannel reactor. The resultant catalyst and

Kriston P. Brooks; Jianli Hu; Huayang Zhu; Robert J. Kee

2007-01-01

8

Linus Pauling Centenary  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Linus Pauling was an esteemed molecular chemist, peace advocate, and two-time Nobel laureate. Pauling's home state of Oregon will be celebrating his 100th birthday this month. Oregon State University (OSU) has posted a special Pauling Centenary site. OSU Press' release of the book Linus Pauling: Scientist and Peacemaker, based on previously unpublished writings housed at the university, coincides with the centenary. The Pauling centenary site holds a timeline of significant events, scientific contributions and peace-promotion activities in Pauling's life, a link to OSU's Ava Helen and Linus Pauling Papers Collection, a photo gallery, and RealAudio/RealVideo clips of Pauling's lectures and interviews. After visiting this interesting site, you might even want to buy the Linus Pauling Centenary totebag!

2001-01-01

9

The Sabatier Principle Illustrated by Catalytic H[subscript2]O[subscript2] Decomposition on Metal Surfaces  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Heterogeneous catalysis is important in today's industry. Hence, it is imperative to introduce students to this field and its tools. A new way of introducing one of these tools, the Sabatier principle, via a laboratory exercise is presented. A volcano plot is constructed for the well-known heterogeneous H[subscript2]O[subscript2] catalytic…

Laursen, Anders B.; Man, Isabela Costinela; Trinhammer, Ole L.; Rossmeisl, Jan; Dahl, Soren

2011-01-01

10

St. Paul's Cathedral  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Perhaps one of the finest neo-Classical cathedrals in the world, the current St. Paul's cathedral is an example of the outstanding architecture of Christopher Wren, and a testimony to his dogged persistence and passion for his life's work. In keeping with the attention to detail that is indicative of Mr. Wren's work, the St. Paul's Web site has detailed information on visiting the cathedral, the various musical performances that it hosts, and an interactive timeline detailing the history of St. Paul's that extends back to the year 604. Along with this information, the site also tells visitors about upcoming events at the cathedral, along with an extensive online gift shop that offers a diverse set of St. Paul's related material for purchase.

11

Colloquy to Paul Musset  

ScienceCinema

En honneur de Paul Musset il a été décidé de faire plutôt un colloque scientifique à la place d'une cérémonie. Plusieurs personnes temoignent de leurs estime et amitié pour ce physicien et ses activités

12

Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Portrait R. Feyman; List of contributors; A memorial to P. A. M. Dirac B. N. Kursunoglu; Preface B. N. Kursunoglu and E. P. Wigner; Chronology; Part I. Human Side: 1. Thinking of my darling Paul M. Dirac; 2. Dirac in coral gables S. A. Kursunoglu; 3. Recollections of Paul Dirac at Florida State University J. E. Lannutti; 4. My association with Professor Dirac Harish-Chandra; 5. What Paul Dirac meant in my life N. Kemmer; 6. Dirac's way R. Peierls; 7. An experimenter's view of P. A. M. Dirac A. D. Krisch; 8. Dirac at the University of Miami H. K. Stanford; 9. Remembering Paul Dirac E. P. Wigner; Part II. More Scientific Ideas: 10. Another side to Paul Dirac R. H. Dalitz; 11. Playing with equations, the Dirac way A. Pais; 12. Paul Dirac and Werner Heisenberg - a partnership in science L. M. Brown and H. Rechenberg; 13. Dirac's magnetic monopole and the fine structure constant W. J. Marciano and M. Goldhaber; 14. Magnetic monopoles and the halos of galaxies F. Hoyle; 15. The inadequacies of quantum field theory P. A. M. Dirac; 16. Dirac and the foundation of quantum mechanics P. T. Matthews; Part III. Influenced and Inspired by Association: 17. At the feet of Dirac J. C. Polkinghorne; 18. Reminiscences of Paul Dirac N. Mott; 19. From relativistic quantum theory to the human brain H. J. Lipkin; 20. Dirac in 1962, weak and gravitational radiation interactions J. Weber; 21. Schrödinger's cat W. E. Lamb, Jr.; 22. Dirac and finite field theories A. Salam; 23. Dirac's influence on unified field theory B. N. Kursunoglu; Index.

Kursunoglu, Behram N.; Wigner, Eugene Paul

1990-04-01

13

The Linus Pauling Papers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Presented in February by the National Library of Medicine, the latest Profiles in Science highlights the achievements made by the chemist Linus Pauling. Pauling won the 1954 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for his research into the nature of the chemical bond and its application to the elucidation of the structure of complex substances. He also won the 1962 Nobel Peace Prize, making him the only person to win two unshared Nobel prizes." The site offers visitors a look at a portion of the Linus Pauling Papers that are held at the Oregon State University Libraries in Corvallis and contain a collection of personal and scientific works digitized for online view. The site can be browsed by the online exhibit (which includes a biographical section), alphabetically or chronologically by work, and can be searched by keyword. This impressive collection gives anyone interested in chemistry a chance to learn more about one of the most influential scientists in the field.

2002-01-01

14

Misunderstanding the New Paul: Marcion's Transformation of the Sonderzeit Paul  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study of Marcion's reception of Paul has not kept pace with changes in the historical-critical interpretation of Paul's letters. This study seeks to understand Marcion's view of the future of the Jewish people by means of the \\

John W. Marshal

2012-01-01

15

Paul Vallas for Sale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Veteran Superintendent Paul Vallas, who has led turnaround efforts in major urban districts in Chicago, Philadelphia and New Orleans, has started a new venture that he expects will broaden his reach and extend the reform movement. The Vallas Group, headed by Vallas, now interim superintendent of the Bridgeport (Connecticut) Public Schools, is…

Dessoff, Alan

2012-01-01

16

Paul Vallas for Sale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Veteran Superintendent Paul Vallas, who has led turnaround efforts in major urban districts in Chicago, Philadelphia and New Orleans, has started a new venture that he expects will broaden his reach and extend the reform movement. The Vallas Group, headed by Vallas, now interim superintendent of the Bridgeport (Connecticut) Public Schools, is…

Dessoff, Alan

2012-01-01

17

Paul Everett Meehl  

Microsoft Academic Search

A brilliant thinker and a gifted teacher, Paul Meehl’s love for and dedication to the philosophy of science did not lead him, as it seems to have led others, to assume that all minds have the same structure and differ only parametrically. One of Meehl’s main interests in the latter part of his career was in taxometric methods for identifying

David Lykken

2004-01-01

18

Sir Paul Nurse.  

PubMed

Prizes in science don't come any bigger than the Nobels, and more often than not this award catapults its recipients from the general research milieu into the realms of scientific stardom. In this, its centenary year, the Nobel committee for Physiology or Medicine decided to honor investigators who have identified vital components of the cell cycle. Nature Medicine talked to one of the winners, Sir Paul Nurse. PMID:11689871

Birmingham, K

2001-11-01

19

Linus Pauling Research Notebooks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Linus Pauling was one of the most important scientists of the 20th century, and he remains the only person ever to receive two unshared Nobel Prizes: the first was awarded to him for Chemistry (1954) and the other for Peace (1962). He was a man of remarkable talent, who had a vast array of scientific interests, and who always maintained a deep and abiding passion for humankind and its survival. To many, he is best remembered for his strong belief in the importance of vitamin C, despite his numerous other accomplishments. During his lifetime, he produced hundreds of notebooks documenting his various research endeavors and musings on various timely scientific topics. The Linus Pauling Institute at Oregon State University has digitized many of these notebooks and placed them online for the benefit of the public. Visitors may browse the notebooks at their leisure, or go through a selection of highlights, including his first notes on superconductivity and his first notes on vitamin C and the common cold.

20

Paul Trap Simulator Experiment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Paul Trap Simulator Experiment (PTSX) is a compact laboratory facility whose purpose is to simulate the nonlinear dynamics of intense charged particle beam propagation over a large distance through an alternating-gradient transport system. The simulation is possible because the quadrupole electric fields of the cylindrical Paul trap exert radial forces on the charged particles that are analogous to the radial forces that a periodic focusing quadrupole magnetic field exert on the beam particles in the beam frame. By controlling the waveform applied to the walls of the trap, PTSX will explore physics issues such as beam mismatch, envelope instabilities, halo particle production, compression techniques, collective wave excitations, and beam profile effects. Initial experiments have concentrated on characterizing the cesium ion source and studying ``free-steaming" ions that travel directly from the ion source to the Faraday cup diagnostic. The aluminosilicate cesium source provides up to 30 ?A, which is greater than the estimated 300 pA required to load the trap to a density of 10^6 cm-3. Variation of the wall voltage and the oscillation frequency reveals the stability limit of the single particle orbits.

Gilson, Erik P.; Davidson, Ronald C.; Efthimion, Philip C.; Majeski, Richard

2002-11-01

21

Ron Paul + Potheads = Racist Dopes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ron Paul’s popularity, given his history of racism, is troubling. More troubling, however, is the willingness of his supporters, an odd coalition of one-percenter corporatists and anti-war pothead libertarians, to ignore or excuse these views. Read more: http:\\/\\/artvoice.com\\/issues\\/v11n5\\/getting_a_grip

NimanMichaelI

2012-01-01

22

Obituary: Professor Paul Dan Cristea  

PubMed Central

Paul Dan Cristea, professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at ‘Politehnica’ University of Bucharest died on 17 April 2013, following several years of bravely battling a perfidious illness.

2013-01-01

23

Obituary: professor paul dan cristea.  

PubMed

Paul Dan Cristea, professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at 'Politehnica' University of Bucharest died on 17 April 2013, following several years of bravely battling a perfidious illness. PMID:23663854

Tabus, Ioan; Serpedin, Erchin; Astola, Jaakko

2013-05-10

24

Paul Tillich and psychoanalysis.  

PubMed

Paul Tillich (1886-1965) was one of the leading theologians of the twentieth century. Tillich was born in Germany and received his education and first academic appointments there. Tillich left Germany in 1933 to teach at Union Theological Seminary after having been dismissed from his university position by the National Socialist government for his radical views and political associations. In the United States, he became a highly successful lecturer, preacher, and public intellectual who reached numbers of persons who had departed or who had doubts regarding traditional religious belief and practice. Tillich underwent a series of traumatic losses in the early decades of his life that powerfully shaped his subsequent contributions to religious and cultural discourse. This essay outlines this pattern of loss and speculates about its impact upon his theological work. It lifts up Tillich's perspective of living and working "on the boundary" of disciplines, eras, and cultures, most particularly where psychoanalytic ideas contributed to his "theology of culture." It also stresses Tillich's role in initiating the ongoing dialogue between religion and psychiatry and psychoanalysis. The essay concludes with a summary critique of Tillich's work along with an affirmation of his considerable legacy. This essay was originally a presentation for the Richardson Research Seminar in the History of Psychiatry at Weill Cornell Medical College. PMID:19904607

Hart, Curtis W

2011-09-01

25

The Return of Paul Duncan  

Microsoft Academic Search

“Let’s take for granted that the notion of eternal return is utterly true,” writes Will Duncan, from prison, as he finally reveals his embarrassing secret to the reader: his earnest belief that his cousin, the infamous Paul Duncan, is the actual, living reincarnation of Jesse James. Of course, Will explains, this theory is less crazy by degrees, in his eyes,

Dustin Atkinson

2009-01-01

26

Paul Robeson 1898-1976.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This tribute to the life and times of a black American, Paul Robeson, chronicles Robeson's success as a scholar, athlete, well-known theater and film actor, singer, and model of black political activism. The document begins by tracing Robeson's family roots; childhood, high school, and college years; and the anti-black climate present in America…

Detroit Public Schools, MI. Dept. of Social Studies.

27

Alice Paul and the ERA.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the work of Alice Paul in her 49-year struggle to pass the Equal Rights Amendment. Discusses the differences between her proposed language for the amendment, drafted in 1922, and what she considered the flawed language of the amendment that passed Congress in 1972. Includes a legislative chronology for the Equal Rights Amendment. (CFR)|

Fry, Amelia R.

1995-01-01

28

Response to Paul A. Kottman, \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Paul A. Kottman’s philosophical dramaturgy takes flight from Hegel in order to demonstrate the dynamics of individuation and separation nestled within love as both its greatest gift and its greatest risk. Reorchestrating the play more than reading it, Kottman delivers a bracing form of dramatic engagement that eschews historicization in order to draw us closer to Romeo and Juliet and

Julia Reinhard Lupton

2012-01-01

29

Cenetary Celebration, The Pauling Heritage Committee  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Linus Pauling was an esteemed molecular chemist and two-time Nobel laureate. The state of Oregon will be celebrating his 100th birthday this month. This site holds a time line of significant events, scientific contributions and pace promotion activities of Paulings's life. The site includes Pauling's work on topics such as: blood, chemical bonds, international peace movement, and the unraveling of DNA structure. The page also features accounts of Pauling's day to day life, a collection of his written work, special event videos featuring the scientist and insight into Pauling's research notebooks. This is a great collection of resources about this prominent man in the science world.

2009-04-03

30

The Paul Bowles Web Site  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Composer, distinguished author and translator, and man of belles letters, Paul Bowles passed away in 1999 in Morocco, which was for many years was his primary place of residence. Bowles best-known work is probably his novel The Sheltering Sky, though he also translated Sartre's "Huis Clos" (upon which he bestowed the title "No Exit") and was an accomplished composer of music for the theatre. Created by his long-time friends and colleagues, this authorized Paul Bowles site contains a number of reminisces about his life from such friends as Ned Rorem (the noted American composer), Rodrigo Rey Rosa, and Irene Herrmann. Some provided essays interview Bowles, some discuss his literary legacy, and others talk about his many compositions. All in all, the site offers a number of insightful and intimate commentaries on one of America's most storied writers of the 20th century.

2003-01-01

31

Third Corinthians: Reclaiming Paul for Christian Orthodoxy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Third Corinthians (3 Cor) is an alleged correspondence between the Apostle Paul and the Corinthian Church. Some of the churches in the East treated 3 Cor as a genuine letter of Paul and incorporated it into their canon of the New Testament. Chapter one of the dissertation examines the manuscript evidence of 3 Cor, the history of its use in

Vahan A Hovhanessian

1998-01-01

32

Paul Among Diaspora Jews: Anomaly or Apostate?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since Paul spent most of his Christian life in the Diaspora, it makes sense to compare his mutation of the Jewish tradition with the socio-cultural stances of other Diaspora Jews. To this end, the concept of 'Hellenization' needs to be broken down, here into three categories: assimilation, acculturation and accommodation. After placing some other Diaspora Jews on each spectrum, Paul's

John M. G. Barclay

1996-01-01

33

Paul's Principalities and Powers: Demythologizing Apocalyptic?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Paul's description of the 'spiritual world' combines elements familiar from the rest of the New Testament (angels and demons, etc.) with his own less personal, more abstract concept of 'principalities and powers'. However, Paul shows relatively little interest in angels and demons conventionally understood, either in terms of frequency of usage, or in terms of theological development. His focus is

Chris Forbes

2001-01-01

34

Linus Pauling: A Centenary Exhibit  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online exhibit recognizes the life and work of Dr. Linus Pauling. Materials include information on his childhood in Oregon and his college career at Oregon Agricultural College (now Oregon State University) and the California Institute of Technology. There are also discussions of his research on the nature of the chemical bond, for which he won the 1954 Nobel Prize for chemistry, and of his pacifism and opposition to atmospheric testing of nuclear weapons, for which he won the 1962 Nobel Peace Prize. Other materials include discussions of his work on sickle-cell anemia, the alpha-helix model for protein molecules, and his late-career research into the physiological effects of nutrients at the molecular level.

Special Collections, Oregon S.; University Archives, Oregon S.

35

A New Polarimeter at the Universite de Montreal  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present Beauty and The Beast, a new polarimeter of the Universite de Montreal, formerly built for the Canada-France-Hawaii telescope (CFHT) but never commissioned there. This computer-controlled Pockels cell polarimeter has been restored to working order and offers a wide range of possibilities: almost all functions are under remote control, linear or circular polarization observations are both possible, a filter slide provides easy access to up to six different bandpasses, and the Pockels cell and Fabry lenses are kept at a constant temperature. In addition to controlling the instrument, the software allows the use of pre-defined sequences of observation, and does data acquisition and reduction. (SECTION: Astronomical Instrumentation)

Manset, Nadine; Bastien, Pierre

1995-05-01

36

Paul’s Use and Interpretation of a Justification Tradition in Galatians 2.15-21  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Gal. 2.15-21, which is probably Paul’s first attempt to articulate a theology of justification (dikaiou=sqai, dikaiosu&nh), he takes as his point of departure a Jewish-Christian justification tradition that he cites in v. 16a &illegible;. This tradition (or formula) represents common theological ground between him, Cephas, and the new preachers in Galatia. In the remainder of v. 16 Paul adopts

Martinus C. de Boer

2005-01-01

37

The apostle Paul's instruction regarding the literal master  

Microsoft Academic Search

The scope of the study is limited to the passages in the New Testament Pauline Corpus where Paul directly addresses the literal master \\/ slave relationship at either of two relational pressure points: Paul approaches the slave exclusive of the earthly master; or Paul appeals to both parties in the same paraenesis of Paul's canonical writings, The five passages in

John R. Olson

2005-01-01

38

Paul Wolfowitz on Intelligence Policy-Relations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

To Paul Wolfowitz, former Under Secretary of Defense for Policy, the essential challenge for policy officials is to make sound decisions amidst inherent uncertainty about the character of pending threats to and opportunities for US security interests. To ...

J. Davis

1996-01-01

39

Point of view: Paul Simon.  

PubMed

In this article, former US Senator Paul Simon notes that, in his lifetime, the population of the world has tripled and is expected to quadruple. Among the effects of this population growth will be a 55% increase in nitrate emissions that will feed algae and compromise fish supplies. The US was extremely short-sighted when it reduced funding for the international family planning (FP) programs that benefit all nations. False accusations that the UN Population Fund (UNFPA) operates with a "bloated bureaucracy" ignore the fact that this agency has only 166 employees. More appropriate criticism would assert that the task the UNFPA is trying to accomplish is too important and too vast for such a small staff. Without FP programs, earth would now have to support an additional 400 million people. While contraceptive use by married women in developing countries has increased from 10% in 1965 to above 50% today and life expectancy is increasing, we must recognize the fact that we are currently unable to provide most of the world's population with safe water and sanitation and that increased population size will only exacerbate this problem. Encouraging voluntary FP is humanitarian and prudent and will help protect the entire population of the world. PMID:12294691

Simon, P

1999-02-01

40

Salmonella saint-paul infection in calves.  

PubMed Central

A natural outbreak of Salmonella saint-paul infection in two Institute herds was monitored clinically, bacteriologically and immunologically. This paper describes the findings in calves. Morbidity and mortality became apparent 30 days after S. saint-paul was first isolated on routine sampling of neonatal calf faeces. All heifer calves were treated with a tetracycline or ampicillin preparation when they showed clinical signs of disease, while the effects of intradermal vaccination with heat-killed S. saint-paul were assessed in a proportion of the bull calves. Antibiotic treatment reduced mortality and the number of persistent excretors; vaccination did not affect mortality but, if given during the first week of life, reduced the duration of faecal excretion. Calves which were untreated and unvaccinated, or vaccinated when older than 16 days, excreted S. saint-paul for periods of up to 18 months. Of six 'recovered' calves, which had been negative on faecal culture for 5-8 weeks, four yielded S. saint-paul at necropsy. Agglutinating antibody titres were highest in those unvaccinated calves which were persistent excretors.

Aitken, M. M.; Brown, G. T.; Jones, P. W.; Collins, P.

1983-01-01

41

Major Additions to the Linus Pauling Canon  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Library of Medicine has also just posted a Web site on Linus Pauling in its Profiles of Science series. While by no means as rich as the various Oregon State University sites, it is well worth visiting. There are texts of various speeches (including his Nobel address), many downloadable photographs, correspondence (including a poignant letter to James Watson and Francis Crick concerning their "rival" structures for DNA), and much else besides. There is a certain irony in Linus Pauling being honored by the National Library of Medicine. Ever since his 1949 presidential address to the American Chemical Society, and perhaps earlier, Pauling had been at loggerheads, sometimes acrimoniously so, with the medical establishment. It is easy to imagine him somewhere in the timeless infinitude of the empyrean sporting his characteristic ear-to-ear grin.

Davenport, Derek A.

2002-08-01

42

Vindicating the Pauling-bond-order concept  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the Pauling-bond-order concept, it is assumed that all Kekulé structures of a benzenoid molecule contribute equally to the ?-electron contents of the carbon-carbon bonds. We modified the Pauling-bond-order: (a) by increasing the weight of a Kekulé structure proportional to the number of Fries-type hexagons and (b) by increasing the weights of the Kekulé structures that are compatible with Clar aromatic sextet formulas. Improvements in reproducing experimental carbon-carbon bond lengths are insignificant, implying that equal weighting of Kekulé structures is more justified than one could anticipate.

Sedlar, Jelena; An?eli?, Ivana; Gutman, Ivan; Vuki?evi?, Damir; Graovac, Ante

2006-08-01

43

Obituary: Damon Paul Simonelli, 1959-2004  

Microsoft Academic Search

Damon Paul Simonelli died unexpectedly on 1 December 2004 after he collapsed of heart failure at his home near Pasadena, California. Damon led pioneering studies in the scientific exploration of the satellites of the Solar System with spacecraft. He was a longtime member of the AAS's Division for Planetary Sciences community. Only two weeks before his death he attended the

Bonnie Jean Buratti; Joseph Veverka

2005-01-01

44

Obituary: Paul Barr, 1955-2005  

Microsoft Academic Search

Paul Barr, an extragalactic astronomer and spacecraft mission planner, died on 19 October 2005 at his home in Noordwijk, the Netherlands, at the age of 50. Although his scientific interests ranged from AGN to X-ray binaries, he will perhaps best be remembered for his mission planning skills on EXOSAT, ISO, and Integral. Many hundreds of observers have benefited from his

Arvind Parmar

2007-01-01

45

Paul holland: contributions to transfusion medicine.  

PubMed

Paul Holland began his career in transfusion medicine in 1963 as an assistant to Dr. Paul Schmidt in the Blood Bank at the National Institutes of Health (NIH). He served at the NIH for 20 years and retired in 1983 with the rank of Captain in the Public Health Service. He subsequently became the Medical Director/CEO of the Sacramento Medical Foundation Blood Center, now Blood Source, a position he held for the next 21 years. Paul Holland has authored/co-authored 265 articles, chapters and monographs, mostly concerning issues relating to either viral hepatitis or HIV. In addition to his research career, Paul was a very active educator, having contributed importantly to the development of many current thought leaders in transfusion medicine. His distinguished career also included important administrative roles in national and international organizations relevant to transfusion medicine. He also was the recipient of many honors and awards which has won him wide-spread renown and the respect of his many colleagues. PMID:23831199

McCarthy, Leo J

2013-07-04

46

Paul Goodman Redux: Education as Apprenticed Anarchism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|When talk of philosophy of pedagogy comes up today, it is common to hear the names of Aristotle, Thomas Jefferson, John Dewey, or Paulo Freire, but the name of Paul Goodman, who campaigned vigorously for pedagogical reform much of his life, is seldom mentioned. In spite of neglect of his work, Goodman had much to say on pedagogical practice that…

Holowchak, M. Andrew

2010-01-01

47

John Paul Stevens, Human Rights Judge  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the nature and origins of Supreme Court Justice John Paul Stevens' engagement with international and foreign law and norms. It first discusses Stevens' pivotal role in the revived use of such norms to aid constitutional interpretation, as well as 1990s opinions testing the extent to which constitutional protections reach beyond the water's edge and 2004 opinions on

Diane Marie Amann

2006-01-01

48

Environmental Educators: A Conversation with Paul Hart  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents a conversation with Dr. Paul Hart, a professor of science education at the University of Regina and an award-winning leader in environmental education. He is an active researcher and serves as one of the executive editors of "The Journal of Environmental Education". Here, he talks about the type of research agenda that he…

Hungerford, Harold; Simmons, Bora

2003-01-01

49

Drawing Paul Revere as a Klansman  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the function of an argument structure that appears in visual rhetoric, a function that I name anachronistic arguments for legitimacy. The exemplar image is a 1926 illustration that shows Paul Revere as a Klansman. I argue that this image appropriates the legitimacy of the Colonial revolutionaries to advance the political agenda of the 1920s Klan. Longfellow's poem

Abigail Selzer King

2011-01-01

50

Speaking Personally--With Paul Avon  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents an interview with Paul Avon, the former executive director of the Canadian Virtual College Consortium. Avon has spent over fifteen years in the distance learning (DL) field managing the production and delivery of online learning at TVOntario, Humber College, the Sri Lankan National Online Distance Education Service, and the…

Martin, D'Arcy

2012-01-01

51

Paul Zindel: Flirting with the Bizarre.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Profiles Paul Zindel, the best-selling author of childrens' and adolescents' novels who combines hyperbole and pathos in such works as "The Pigman;""My Darling, My Hamburger;" and "The Pigman and Me." Zindel is also the author of the play "The Effect of Gamma Rays on Man-in-the-Moon Marigolds." (MDM)|

Winarski, Diana L.

1994-01-01

52

Teaching "Paul's Case" as a Gay Text.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Notes how the author usually limits her instructional role to that of facilitator, focusing on methods more than on specific content, but occasionally she feels compelled to take a more proactive approach, to guide the students toward one reading of a text. Considers that teaching Willa Cather's 1905 short story "Paul's Case" as a piece of gay…

Meem, Deborah T.

2002-01-01

53

Paul and Roman Stoicism: Romans 12 and Contemporary Stoic Ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Exemplifying a rather widespread attitude among Pauline scholars, it has recently been argued on the basis of Rom. 12 that Paul differed sharply from the Stoics in his moral teaching. The present article aims to show that such a claim does not hold if and when the sources of Roman Stoicism are taken into consideration. A comparison of Paul’s moral

Runar M. Thorsteinsson

2006-01-01

54

Paul and Hellenistic Education: Assessing Early Literary and Rhetorical Influences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis explores two bodies of evidence that are relevant to the question of Paul's Hellenistic education: historical and literary. Part One attempts to engage the historical dimension by exploring evidence that contributes to the reconstruction of the sociohistorical situation for Paul's upbringing and exposure to education in the Greco-Roman world. The literary evidence for Paul's Hellenistic education is taken

Andrew Pitts

2007-01-01

55

Paul’s Intentional ‘Thankless Thanks’ in Philippians 4.10-20  

Microsoft Academic Search

The majority of scholarship on Philippians has subscribed to G.W. Peterman’s theory that 4.10-20 lacks an explicit word of thanks because gratitude was an unnecessary act among intimate friends, as demonstrated by friendship letters in antiquity. In this study, however, I intend to challenge this prevalent view by uncovering a theological rationale behind Paul’s supposed ‘Thankless Thanks’. To do so,

David Briones

2011-01-01

56

Paul Bikle's Record Altitude Sailplane Flight  

NASA Video Gallery

On a cold and windy February afternoon 50 years ago, the late Paul Bikle, then director of NASA's Flight Research Center, soared into the stratosphere with one goal in mind - a world altitude record for unpowered sailplanes. Less than two hours later, Bikle and his Schweizer 1-23E sailplane had reached an altitude of 46,267 feet - a remarkable record that would stand for 25 years.

Monroe Conner

2011-03-10

57

John Paul II on the Good of Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to one commentator, the fundamental theme that hallmarks the thought and writings of John Paul II is “the indwelling\\u000a of God in each human being and consequently in human society” (Donders, 1996, p. ix). The sequential ordering of that indwelling\\u000a is decidedly important. John Paul’s philosophical approach is characteristically phenomenological and personalist, as a matter\\u000a of his own history

Andrew Lustig

58

5. Historic American Buildings Survey Paul J. F. Schumacher, Photographer ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. Historic American Buildings Survey Paul J. F. Schumacher, Photographer September 1957 FRONT and WEST SIDE ELEVATIONS - Sacred Heart Mission, Interstate 90 & Interchange 39, Cataldo, Shoshone County, ID

59

4. Historic American Buildings Survey Paul Piaget, Photographer August 1960 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. Historic American Buildings Survey Paul Piaget, Photographer August 1960 DOOR TO KITCHEN, INTERIOR FIRST FLOOR - Marine Villa, 3811 Kosciusko Street, South Carondelet (historical), St. Louis County, MO

60

Reaction to outrage over recombinant DNA, Paul BergSite: DNA Interactive (www.dnai.org)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Interviewee: Paul Berg DNAi Location:Manipulation>Revolution>Players>Paul Berg Reaction to outrage Paul Berg recollects his reaction to his colleague Bob Pollack's opposition to experimentation with recombinant DNA.

2008-03-26

61

Carving Nature at Its Joints: Paul Meehl's Development of Taxometrics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a brief summary of Paul Meehl's development of taxometrics. Of special concern is the question, Why did Paul Meehl develop taxometrics? It is shown that taxometrics played an integral role in Meehl's broader research program on the genetics of schizotaxia.

Niels G. Waller

2006-01-01

62

A Family Account of Autism: Life with Jean-Paul.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article recounts the experiences of a family with a son with autism. Jean-Paul's two sisters, his brother, cousin, grandmother, father, and mother contribute their perspectives. Jean-Paul also speaks for himself. This account traces his life from his early childhood to independent adulthood. (Author/CR)|

Donnelly, Julie A.; Bovee, Jean-Paul; Donnelly, Sylvia Jane; Donnelly, Lisa Kathleen; Donnelly, Joad Roy; Donnelly, Michael Fain; Walter, Alice Stephens; Callaghan, Molly Ray

2000-01-01

63

Paul Revere's Last Ride: The Road to Rolling Copper  

Microsoft Academic Search

An immigrant's son, a heroic revolutionary rider, and an eminent silversmith, Paul Revere seems to epitomize the American Dream. He has been justifiably lauded as a hardworking, practical, and ambitious patriot-citizen, yet this portrait is incomplete. Paul Revere's greatest ride, truly earning him his place in history, was his successful quest to become the first American to master the technique

Robert Martello

2000-01-01

64

Profiles in Science: The Paul Berg Papers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Nobel Prize-recipient Paul Berg has made major contributions to the fields of biochemistry and molecular biology for fifty years. This Profiles in Science feature from the National Library of Health contains biographical information on Berg, along with correspondence, laboratory notebooks, portraits, legislative records, reports, and articles related to his work and times. Visitors can start their visit within the site by reading his extended biography, which is divided chronologically into areas like "Protein Synthesis, Tumor Viruses, and Recombinant DNA, 1959-1975". The documents themselves offer a variety of insights into Berg's career, his interactions with other scholars, and the milieu of this type of scientific research over the second half of the twentieth century.

65

The Poetry of Paul Laurence Dunbar  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Maintained by the Black Alumni Chronicle of the University of Dayton (Ohio), this site celebrates the work of Paul Laurence Dunbar, the first African-American to gain national eminence as a poet. Although he died at age 33, Dunbar ultimately produced twelve books of poetry, four books of short stories, a play, and five novels, and his work was recognized in literary circles in both America and Britain. The highlight of the site is a collection of seven Dunbar poems read by Herbert Woodward Martin, a University of Dayton professor emeritus who studies and performs Dunbar's work. Other features at the site include a biography of Dunbar, several articles on Martin's performance as Dunbar, and a collection of related links.

66

Absent Presences of Paul and Christ: Enargeia in 1 Thessalonians 1—3  

Microsoft Academic Search

Paul is absent from Thessalonica; Christ is (in some sense) absent until his parousia; God is distant, invisible; the missionary visit lies in the past. But in the letter they receive from Paul, the Thessalonians find these manifold presences conjured under Paul’s pen and again made vivid. The following article studies this in the context of ancient discussion of enargeia.

Jane M. F. Heath

2009-01-01

67

Edith Stein and Jean Paul Sartre: A Possibile Comparison?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Edith Stein and Jean Paul Sartre: a possibile compariso? takes into account three possible areas of investigation: their respective visions of the human being or their philosophical\\u000a anthropology, relation with others, and the problem of God.

Anna Maria Pezzella

68

Masters of Adaptation: Paul Bowles, the Beats, and \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay aims to think through the worldly presence of two important and culturally influential American writers in the cultural contact zones of Tangier and North Africa: Paul Bowles and Jack Kerouac. It contrasts their differing attitudes toward \\

Rob Wilson

2012-01-01

69

12. Photocopy of 1906 photograph. Glass negative in Paul A. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

12. Photocopy of 1906 photograph. Glass negative in Paul A. Kohl's office, Missouri Botanical Garden. BUST OF ASA GRAY AT SOUTH ENTRANCE - Missouri Botanical Garden, Linnaean House, 2345 Tower Grove Avenue, Saint Louis, Independent City, MO

70

11. Photocopy of 1906 photograph. Glass negative in Paul A. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

11. Photocopy of 1906 photograph. Glass negative in Paul A. Kohl's office, Missouri Botanical Garden. CLOSE VIEW OF LINNAEUS BUST - Missouri Botanical Garden, Linnaean House, 2345 Tower Grove Avenue, Saint Louis, Independent City, MO

71

13. Photocopy of 1906 photograph. Glass negative in Paul A. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

13. Photocopy of 1906 photograph. Glass negative in Paul A. Kohl's office, Missouri Botanical Garden. BUST OF THOMAS NUTTALL AT SOUTH ENTRANCE - Missouri Botanical Garden, Linnaean House, 2345 Tower Grove Avenue, Saint Louis, Independent City, MO

72

28. Photocopy of August 25, 1921 photograph by Paul A, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

28. Photocopy of August 25, 1921 photograph by Paul A, Kohl. Glass Negative Box IX, Tower Grove, Missouri Botanical Garden. ITALIAN GARDEN AND FLORAL DISPLAY HOUSE, LOOKING NORTH - Missouri Botanical Garden, 2345 Tower Grove Avenue, Saint Louis, Independent City, MO

73

27. Photocopy of August 25, 1921 photograph by Paul A. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

27. Photocopy of August 25, 1921 photograph by Paul A. Kohl. Glass Negative Box IX, Tower Grove, Missouri Botanical Garden. ITALIAN GARDEN BY JOHN NOYES, LOOKING WEST - Missouri Botanical Garden, 2345 Tower Grove Avenue, Saint Louis, Independent City, MO

74

5. Historic American Buildings Survey Paul Piaget, Photographer November 1960 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. Historic American Buildings Survey Paul Piaget, Photographer November 1960 TYPICAL INTERIOR WINDOW SHUTTERS IN FIRST FLOOR WEST DRAWING ROOM - James S. Clemens House, Saint Louis, Independent City, MO

75

7. Historic American Buildings Survey Paul Piaget, Photographer August 1960 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. Historic American Buildings Survey Paul Piaget, Photographer August 1960 DOOR BETWEEN LIVING AND DINING ROOMS, FIRST FLOOR - Marine Villa, 3811 Kosciusko Street, South Carondelet (historical), St. Louis County, MO

76

KALA LAPIDUS PAUL, MD The Corvallis Group, LLC 24 ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... Dr. Paul has advertising, marketing and product information development experience through heading a multidisciplinary team responsible for ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

77

Open letter to Pope John Paul II.  

PubMed

In an Open Letter to Pope John Paul II, written on World Population Day (July 11) 1991, Dr. Fred Sai, President of International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF), called for a dialogue on voluntary family planning as a means of avoiding unwanted pregnancy. A half million women die each year from pregnancy-related causes--a death toll that could be dramatically reduced by universal access to low cost, effective contraception. Family planning further represents the best protection against abortion. The Catholic Church's vehement opposition to abortion and family planning methods other than periodic abstinence is in marked contrast to its support to human rights in other settings. The Church has supported struggles for economic ju stice in and among nations, sided with the poor, and advocated for transitions to democracy. At the same time, the family planning movement--which has as its overall objective the protection of the health and welfare of women, children, and families--is viewed by the Vatican as a vehicle for the enslavement rather than liberation of women. The opening of a sensitive dialogue between the Catholic Church and supporters of voluntary family planning could help couples make sound moral decisions about their families and contribute to saving the lives of millions of women, most of them poor. PMID:12178850

Sai, F

78

An Analysis of Romans 14:5-6 via the New Perspective on Paul  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Apostle Paul has often been held responsible for transforming the teachings of Jesus the Jew into an anti-Semitic religion of hate. The recent emphasis on Paul’s essential Jewishness and his positive attitude to the Law has given a more historically nuanced picture of the Apostle. This “new perspective” on Paul is somewhat affirmed in this paper’s examination of Romans

Norman H Young

2009-01-01

79

Looking east at canal and R. Paul Smith Power Station. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Looking east at canal and R. Paul Smith Power Station. The dark trestle at right center carried the spur track to coal unloading facilities located in the space now occupied by the coal pile. - Potomac Edison Company, Chesapeake & Ohio Canal Bridge, Spanning C & O Canal South of U.S. 11, Williamsport, Washington County, MD

80

American Indian Capacity Building in St. Paul, Minnesota.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A 1996 research project in St. Paul, Minnesota, found high rates of poverty and unemployment in its American Indian population and a lack of connection between social service agencies and the Indian community. A follow-up project aimed to support the Indian community in identifying its own priorities for research and action. Eight focus groups…

Eubanks, Don

81

Paul Winter, Sun Singer...He Talks about Outdoor Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Interviews Paul Winter, well-known musical emissary for the Earth and its wildlife among the environmental community. Incorporating voices of wolves, whales, and other creatures as accompanists to an uncategorizable blend of symphonic, jazz, African and Latin musical traditions, Winter's sound involves listeners in a guided experience of…

Breslav, Marc

1984-01-01

82

Paul Laurence Dunbar's Protest Literature: The Final Years.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Careful scrutiny of the literature and actions of Paul Laurence Dunbar reveals that he was more a part of the African-American protest tradition than scholars have been led to believe. He cannot be grouped with the plantation school of writers because of his opposition to slavery and white paternalism. (SLD)|

Best, Felton O.

1993-01-01

83

One More Legacy of Paul F. Brandwein: Creating Scientists  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper studies the influence of Paul F. Brandwein, author, scientist, teacher and mentor, publisher, humanist, and environmentalist, on gifted youngsters who later became scientists, based primarily on information gathered from surveys completed by 25 of his students and one colleague. It also traces his profound interactions with science…

Fort, Deborah C.

2011-01-01

84

SEAFOOD PROCESSING PERMITTING, ALASKA - KODIAK & ST, PAUL HARBORS - CHART #16595  

EPA Science Inventory

Kodiak & St, Paul Harbors was digitized from NOAA Marine Chart #16595. Map details include water depth and land. This map was created for EPA Region 10 Water Division to evaluate NPDES permit sites and environmental quality. Visual illustration facilitates the evaluation of the e...

85

Religion, identity and ethnicity: the contribution of Paul the Apostle  

Microsoft Academic Search

The argument of this article is that although the Christian legacy of Western societies suggests continuity with the values of the apostle Paul, particularly in relation to universalism, the perception needs to be reconsidered. This arises from a perceived conflict between universalism and particularism, such that particular identities, not the least those associated with faith, are regarded as somehow threatening

William S. Campbell

2008-01-01

86

Man, philosopher and artist in Jean-Paul Sartre  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus of this paper is on the intersection of Jean-Paul Sartre's existential philosophy concept of human being, his aesthetic theory and consequent art production. After a short outline of his conception of human existence the first part introduces Sartre's aesthetic views on art considered in two different and to a great extent antithetical forms: as an existential appeal to

Libor Drlík

2005-01-01

87

Paul Sérant and the extreme right's rhetoric of antithesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The starting point for this article is Paul Sérant's novel, Le Meurtre rituel (1950). It is a significant work for political and cultural historians because it reveals a dominant rhetorical perspective common to many other literary and non-literary texts written by extreme right-wing intellectuals in France. In particular the article highlights how Sérant's novel exemplifies the group's fascination with the

Hugo Frey

2007-01-01

88

Paul Winter, Sun Singer...He Talks about Outdoor Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviews Paul Winter, well-known musical emissary for the Earth and its wildlife among the environmental community. Incorporating voices of wolves, whales, and other creatures as accompanists to an uncategorizable blend of symphonic, jazz, African and Latin musical traditions, Winter's sound involves listeners in a guided experience of…

Breslav, Marc

1984-01-01

89

Fantasy island: oceanic imaginings in Paul Yoon's Once the Shore  

Microsoft Academic Search

Paul Yoon's short story collection, Once the Shore, recently won the fiction award at the 13th Asian American Literary Awards, sponsored by the Asian American Writers' Workshop. Once the Shore is set on the fictional Solla Island, the inspiration for which came from time Yoon spent on the real Jeju Island. Solla is an abstract or heterotopic space through which

John R. Eperjesi

2011-01-01

90

Paul at the AreopagusWindow on the Hellenistic World  

Microsoft Academic Search

Luke's account of Paul's speech at the Areopagus illustrates five factors at work in the Hellenistic world, namely: Hellenistic interest in religious questions; the unity of the Hellenistic world itself; Hellenistic tolerance for ancient gods from elsewhere; a pyramid-like arrangement of divine powers; and finally, outside Judaism and Christianity, the Hellenistic world's lack of any developed idea of the afterlife.

Joel Marcus

1988-01-01

91

A Response to Paul Stapleton's "Critiquing Research Methodology"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Paul Stapleton's (2006) critique of quantitative research brings to the surface some common interpretive problems arising when experimental and quasi-experimental research designs are compared. While Stapleton may be correct in pointing out the superiority of experimental research designs because they best eliminate the influence of extraneous…

Ross, Steven J.

2006-01-01

92

A Curious Journey into the Scary World of Paul Hirsch.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Defends the theory of cultivation effects of television viewing on audiences against the criticism of Paul Hirsch. Contends that the data is broad-based and that the framework of mainstreaming and resonance shows systematic and consistent patterns within subgroups. (See CS 705 469 and CS 705 539.) (JMF)

Gerbner, George; And Others

1981-01-01

93

Detail view of the Alice Paul Bedroom door lock and ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Detail view of the Alice Paul Bedroom door lock and escutcheon, and dead bolt lock above, looking from the east at the inside of the (closed) door, with scale - Sewall-Belmont House, 144 Constitution Avenue, Northeast, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

94

Close view of the Alice Paul Bedroom door, looking from ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Close view of the Alice Paul Bedroom door, looking from the east at the dead bolt lock and escutcheon on the inside of the (closed) door, with scale - Sewall-Belmont House, 144 Constitution Avenue, Northeast, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

95

The Paul Petzoldt Trivia Quiz: His Philosophy and Teaching Methods.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Paul Petzoldt, co-founder of the Wilderness Education Association (WEA), helped mold the profession of outdoor leadership as we know it today. After his death in 1999, numerous field journals, old speeches, and personal correspondence were salvaged in order to refresh, clarify, and preserve Petzoldt's philosophy and teaching methods. The…

Wagstaff, Mark

96

Paul Laurence Dunbar's Protest Literature: The Final Years.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Careful scrutiny of the literature and actions of Paul Laurence Dunbar reveals that he was more a part of the African-American protest tradition than scholars have been led to believe. He cannot be grouped with the plantation school of writers because of his opposition to slavery and white paternalism. (SLD)

Best, Felton O.

1993-01-01

97

13. Photocopy of 1875 stereograph. Original in Paul A. Kohl's ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

13. Photocopy of 1875 stereograph. Original in Paul A. Kohl's office, Tower Grove, Missouri Botanical Garden. HENRY SHAW AND TWO GUESTS IN HIS LANDAU DRAWN BY A MATCHED PAIR IN FRONT OF THE EAST GATE - Tower Grove Park, East Gate Entrance, 4255 Arsenal Street, Saint Louis, Independent City, MO

98

Improving Success in Developmental Mathematics: An Interview with Paul Nolting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents an interview with Dr. Paul Nolting, a national expert in assessing individual math learning problems, developing effective student learning strategies, and assessing institutional variables that affect math success. Since his dissertation in 1986 on improving math success with study skills Dr. Nolting has consulted with over…

Boylan, Hunter R.

2011-01-01

99

Coulomb crystals of oil droplets in a Paul trap  

SciTech Connect

Coulomb crystals of charged liquid droplets have been created in a Paul trap in air. The technique improves upon similar experiments with solid dust by having particles with a controlled and reproducible charge-to-mass ratio. The spatial configurations of crystals of a few particles have been determined.

Triplett, Matt; Younger, Richard; Robertson, Scott [Department of Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0390 (United States)

1998-10-21

100

SEAFOOD PROCESSING PERMITTING, ALASKA - ST. PAUL ISLAND - CHART #16382  

EPA Science Inventory

St. Paul Island was digitized from NOAA Marine Chart #16382. Map details include ledge nesting seabirds, rookeries, haul out grounds, water depth and land. This map was created for the Water Permits division to establish new permit sites. Visual illustration shows how future site...

101

Habakkuk 2.4b in its Context: How Far Off Was Paul?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay examines Hab. 2.4b in its context, asking five questions related to Paul’s exegesis, namely: What is ?????? Whose ????? is at issue? When will the righteous live? Who are the righteous? And are they righteous by faith, or do they live by faith? Although scholars have changed their reading of Paul over time, they have left Habakkuk almost

Debbie Hunn

2009-01-01

102

"Between the Heavens and the Earth": Narrating the Execution of Moses Paul  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The 1772 execution of the Mohegan sailor Moses Paul served as the occasion for Samson Occom's popular "Sermon," reprinted in numerous editions. Recent work by Ava Chamberlain seeks to recover Paul's version of events from contemporary court records. This article argues that Paul's "firsthand" account of the case and autobiographical narrative…

Salyer, Matt

2012-01-01

103

Outrage over recombinant DNA, Paul BergSite: DNA Interactive (www.dnai.org)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Interviewee: Paul Berg DNAi Location:Manipulation>Revolution>Players>Paul Berg Outrage over recombinant DNA Paul Berg's student, Janet Mertz, planned an experiment that would recombine DNA from a monkey virus with DNA from a bacterium that lives in the human gut. Berg describes colleague Bob Pollack's outrage at this.

2008-03-26

104

Paul trapping of charged particles in aqueous solution  

PubMed Central

We experimentally demonstrate the feasibility of an aqueous Paul trap using a proof-of-principle planar device. Radio frequency voltages are used to generate an alternating focusing/defocusing potential well in two orthogonal directions. Individual charged particles are dynamically confined into nanometer scale in space. Compared with conventional Paul traps working in frictionless vacuum, the aqueous environment associated with damping forces and thermally induced fluctuations (Brownian noise) exerts a fundamental influence on the underlying physics. We investigate the impact of these two effects on the confining dynamics, with the aim to reduce the rms value of the positional fluctuations. We find that the rms fluctuations can be modulated by adjusting the voltages and frequencies. This technique provides an alternative for the localization and control of charged particles in an aqueous environment.

Guan, Weihua; Joseph, Sony; Park, Jae Hyun; Krstic, Predrag S.; Reed, Mark A.

2011-01-01

105

Paul trapping of charged particles in aqueous solution.  

PubMed

We experimentally demonstrate the feasibility of an aqueous Paul trap using a proof-of-principle planar device. Radio frequency voltages are used to generate an alternating focusing/defocusing potential well in two orthogonal directions. Individual charged particles are dynamically confined into nanometer scale in space. Compared with conventional Paul traps working in frictionless vacuum, the aqueous environment associated with damping forces and thermally induced fluctuations (Brownian noise) exerts a fundamental influence on the underlying physics. We investigate the impact of these two effects on the confining dynamics, with the aim to reduce the rms value of the positional fluctuations. We find that the rms fluctuations can be modulated by adjusting the voltages and frequencies. This technique provides an alternative for the localization and control of charged particles in an aqueous environment. PMID:21606331

Guan, Weihua; Joseph, Sony; Park, Jae Hyun; Krstic, Predrag S; Reed, Mark A

2011-05-23

106

Paul Hermann: Plant Specimens and Drawings from Sri Lanka (Ceylon)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Natural History Museum (London UK) has launched this magnificent new Website dedicated to early botanical collector Paul Hermann. In addition to providing background information on the collector and his significant botanical contributions, the site allows users to view the collection "virtually" first-hand. The database is searchable and browseable (including thumbnail images), and contains specimens and drawings from the author's important works during the 1600s. The database is accompanied by a bibliography, glossary, and additional resources.

107

District heating\\/cogeneration application studies for the Minneapolis-St. Paul area. Market assessment and economic analysis of the St. Paul district heating system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goals of the St. Paul District Heating Demonstration Project are: (1) to assess the detailed economic feasibility of a cogeneration, hot water district heating system servicing the commercial core area of St. Paul, Minnesota, and (2) to develop an implementation plan for financing and construction of the first phase of the system over a four- to five-year time span.

H. O. Nyman; J. O. Kolb; M. Krautbauer

1983-01-01

108

St. Paul District heating system conceptual design study and report. Appendix C of market assessment and economic analysis of the St. Paul District Heating Demonstration project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goals of the St. Paul District Heating Demonstration Project are (1) to assess the detailed economic feasibility of a hot water, cogeneration district heating system serving the central business district of St. Paul, Minnesota, and (2) to develop an implementation plan for financing and construction of the first phase of the system over a four-five year time span. This

M. H. Barnes; S. Bishop; B. Abrahamsson

1982-01-01

109

Paul in the Stoa Poecile: A Response to Troels Engberg-Pedersen, Cosmology and Self in the Apostle Paul: The Material Spirit (Oxford, 2010)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Troels Engberg-Pedersen offers ‘a coherent reading of Paul that reflects the best available conceptual tools for understanding the world, both his and ours’ (6). These tools include ancient Stoicism, which illuminates the material character of pneuma, and the writings of contemporary theorists Michel Foucault and Pierre Bourdieu, which provide heuristic keys to the interpretation of Paul. This response offers sustained

John R. Levison

2011-01-01

110

In Memoriam: Paul M. Kintner Jr. (1946-2010)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Paul M. Kintner Jr., who died on 16 November 2010 of pancreatic cancer, was a pioneer in studies of Earth's space environment and of space weather. His discoveries about plasma waves, wave-particle interactions, nonlinear structures, irregularities, and radio wave propagation in random media revealed how heavy ions are injected into the magnetosphere and characterized the sometimes catastrophic effects of scintillations produced in the ionosphere on satellite navigation systems (e.g., the Global Positioning System (GPS)). Paul, a professor of electrical and computer engineering at Cornell University, pioneered the use of multiple-sensor electric field and plasma wave measurements on sounding rockets and satellites and used these sensors (together the multiple sensors are sometimes called a plasma wave interferometer) to characterize plasma waves by their wavelengths and wave vectors and to identify new solitary structures in space plasmas and describe their speed, shape, and size. This interferometer was particularly useful in investigating transverse ion acceleration in the polar ionosphere. In a decisive sounding rocket experiment, Sounding of the Cleft Ion Fountain Energization Region (SCIFER), in 1995 at 1400 kilometers over Svalbard, Norway, Paul showed that the principal source of this acceleration (the source of mass in the magnetosphere) is short-wavelength broadband waves whose frequencies are determined primarily by Doppler broadening. He is also credited with discovering lower hybrid solitary structures and describing them as rotating modes in magnetic field-aligned density cavities that produce transverse ion acceleration. He extended the approach to higher frequencies and was the first to measure the speed and shape of electron solitary holes (Bernstein-Greene-Kruskal (BGK) modes).

Farley, Donald T.

2011-03-01

111

Paul Polani and the development of medical genetics  

PubMed Central

Paul Polani (1914-2006) was one of the key figures internationally in the beginnings and development of medical genetics. Best remembered scientifically for his highly original work on the basis of human sex chromosome disorders, notably Turner syndrome, he pioneered the application of basic biological research to clinical genetic problems. The unit that he founded in 1960, at Guys Hospital, London, provided an unparalleled model for combined research and service in medical genetics across a wide range of laboratory areas and helped to establish medical genetics as a specific discipline.

Harper, Peter S.

2007-01-01

112

Paul A.M. Dirac's The Principles of Quantum Mechanics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Paul A.M. Dirac’s book, The Principles of Quantum Mechanics, summarized the foundations of a new science, much of which was his own creation. It expressed the spirit of the new quantum mechanics, creating a descriptive language that we still use. I discuss the successive editions of Dirac’s book and their critical reception, noting changes, especially in the formulation of the general theory and in its treatment of relativistic quantum theory and quantum electrodynamics. In the case of the later editions, I discuss Dirac’s negative attitude toward renormalized quantum electrodynamics.

Brown, Laurie M.

2006-12-01

113

Acoustic Coupling Effects in ST Paul's Cathedral, London  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In St Paul's Cathedral there are many arches, columns and cornices which enable the internal space to be divided into subspaces. The subspaces may be considered to be acoustically coupled via areas which connect the rooms. Two of the most acoustically important subspaces in the Cathedral are the choir and the space under the dome. The choir, the space within the wooden choir stalls, has more sound absorption than the rest of the building, which is mostly marble and Portland stone. In the model of coupled subspaces an acoustic energy balance equation, applied to a diffuse field, is derived for each subspace. In St Paul's Cathedral the internal space is divided into 70 acoustical subspaces. The initial-value problem which is formulated by the system of 70 acoustic energy balance equations with initial conditions has been reduced to the eigenvalue problem. The decay of sound energy density has been obtained for different locations in the Cathedral and for different positions of the sound source. Experimentally obtained sound decay curves are in good agreement with numerical results. Both the experimental and numerical results demonstrate the fine structure of reverberation.

Anderson, J. S.; Bratos-Anderson, M.

2000-09-01

114

Paul W. Kruse (1927-2012), In Memoriam  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During his distinguished 37-year career as a research physicist at the Honeywell Research Center in Minneapolis, Minnesota, Dr. Paul W. Kruse (1927-2012) played leadership roles in two disruptive infrared detector technologies, the narrow-gap semiconductor alloy HgCdTe and the silicon CMOS-based microbolometer array, both of which revolutionized the worldwide infrared detector industry. He served on numerous government advisory boards and panels, including the Army Scientific Advisory Panel and the Army Science Board, for which he received the Outstanding Civilian Service Medal. After retiring for Honeywell in 1993, he remained active in the infrared detector field in several roles: as a successful small-business entrepreneur, as an author of two books, and as a SPIE lecturer. His books, papers and lectures have educated new generations of workers in the infrared detector industry. His career, a model for industrial research physicists, has had major and permanent impacts on the worldwide infrared detector industry. This paper is a summary of the career of Paul W. Kruse, as well as a tribute to that career and its lasting legacy.

Reine, Marion B.; Norton, Paul R.; Stelzer, Ernie L.

2013-06-01

115

Paul among the Philosophers: The Case of Sin in Romans 6—8  

Microsoft Academic Search

Against the prevailing view that Paul is (at most) marginally influenced by Greek intellectual traditions, this article argues that Romans 6…8 manifests certain Platonic traditions about the soul. Following a consideration of scholarship on Pauline anthropology and a critical definition of discourse, Paul's appropriation of Greek philosophy is recast as the adaptation of a Platonic discourse about extreme immorality or

Emma Wasserman

2008-01-01

116

The Book I Couldn't Write: Alice Paul and the Challenge of Feminist Biography  

Microsoft Academic Search

One hallmark of recent feminist biography has been its focus on the interplay between the personal and the political in constructing the narratives of individual women’s lives. The case of Alice Paul suggests that not all subjects are amenable to such an approach. Paul so defined her life by devotion to the cause of feminism, first woman suffrage and then

Susan Ware

2012-01-01

117

Paul Krugman's Geographical Economics, Industrial Clustering and the British Motor Sport Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

PINCH S. and HENRY N. (1999) Paul Krugman's geographical economics, industrial clustering and the British motor sport industry, Reg. Studies 33 , 815-827. Paul Krugman is one of a growing band of economists who have discovered the importance of the region in stimulating national economic competitiveness. Whilst the early reactions to his ideas by geographers tended to be hostile, there

Steven Pinch; Nick Henry

1999-01-01

118

The Concept of Purity at Qumran and in the Letters of Paul  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is the aim of this study to examine the use that is made of he concept of purity in the letters of Paul. It is found that Paul's use of the concept centres on the view that the Church, the community of believers, constitutes the Temple of God which enjoys God's presence and as such requires a pure environment

Michael Clive Newton

1980-01-01

119

Definition of restriction, Paul BergSite: DNA Interactive (www.dnai.org)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Interviewee: Paul Berg DNAi Location:Manipulation>Techniques>Cutting & Pasting>On the phenomenon of restriction On the phenomenon of restriction Paul Berg speaks about Herbert Boyer's research into the process by which an organism, such as a bacterium, can recognize and destroy foreign DNA.

2008-03-26

120

Restricted maximum likelihood estimation of a common mean and the Mandel–Paule algorithm  

Microsoft Academic Search

The estimation of a common normal mean on the basis of interlaboratory evaluations is studied when there is an interlaboratory effect. An estimation equation approach due to Mandel and Paule is examined and its theoretical properties are studied. In particular, we show that the Mandel–Paule solution can be interpreted as a simplified version of the restricted maximum likelihood method. It

Andrew L. Rukhin; Brad J. Biggerstaff; Mark G. Vangel

2000-01-01

121

Surface Planar Ion Chip for Linear Radio-Frequency Paul Traps  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a surface planar ion chip which forms a linear radio frequency Paul ion trap. The electrodes reside in the two planes of a chip, and the trap axis is located above the chip surface. Its electric field and potential distribution are similar to the standard linear radio frequency Paul ion trap. This ion trap geometry may be greatly

Jin-Yin Wan; Qiu-Zhi Qu; Zi-Chao Zhou; Xiao-Lin Li; Yu-Zhu Wang; Liang Liu

2007-01-01

122

New? Old? Recycled? Historical Prolegomena to the New Perspectives on Paul  

Microsoft Academic Search

- logical spectrum is helpful. The NPP desires to free Paul from what is seen as his Lutheran imprisonment. Luther, Calvin, and other Reformation-era theologians are viewed as having erred in their understanding of justification in Paul's theology. The NPP theologians understand Second Temple Judaism as a religion of grace rather than as one of legalism and salvation through the

Armand J. Boehme

123

Privilege: The Making of an Adolescent Elite at St. Paul's School. Princeton Studies in Cultural Sociology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As one of the most prestigious high schools in the nation, St. Paul's School in Concord, New Hampshire, has long been the exclusive domain of America's wealthiest sons. But times have changed. Today, a new elite of boys and girls is being molded at St. Paul's, one that reflects the hope of openness but also the persistence of inequality. In…

Khan, Shamus Rahman

2012-01-01

124

The ethics of the spirit in Galatians: Considering Paul's paranesis in the interpretation of his theology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The faith versus works dichotomy that has been a foundation of Protestant Christianity for centuries is derived in large part from a flawed understanding of Paul's theology in the epistles to the Galatians and Romans. In the wake of WWII, scholars began reexamining Pauline theological constructs and proposing new ways of understanding Paul's arguments regarding faith and works. James D.

Steven Douglas Meigs

2006-01-01

125

Pauling bond strength, bond length and electron density distribution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The power law regression equation, = 1.46(/r)-0.19, relating the average experimental bond lengths, , to the average accumulation of the electron density at the bond critical point, , between bonded pairs of metal and oxygen atoms (r is the row number of the M atom), determined at ambient conditions for oxide crystals, is similar to the regression equation R(M-O) = 1.41(?(r c)/r)-0.21 determined for three perovskite crystals at pressures as high as 80 GPa. The pair are also comparable with the equation = 1.43(/r)-0.21 determined for oxide crystals at ambient conditions and = 1.39(/r)-0.22 determined for geometry-optimized hydroxyacid molecules that relate the geometry-optimized bond lengths to the average Pauling bond strength, , for the M-O bonded interactions. On the basis of the correspondence between the equations relating and with bond length, it seems plausible that the Pauling bond strength might serve a rough estimate of the accumulation of the electron density between M-O bonded pairs of atoms. Similar expressions, relating bond length and bond strength hold for fluoride, nitride and sulfide molecules and crystals. The similarity of the expressions for the crystals and molecules is compelling evidence that molecular and crystalline M-O bonded interactions are intrinsically related. The value of = r[(1.41)/]4.76 determined for the average bond length for a given coordination polyhedron closely matches the Pauling's electrostatic bond strength reaching each the coordinating anions of the coordinated polyhedron. Despite the relative simplicity of the expression, it appears to be more general in its application in that it holds for the bulk of the M-O bonded pairs of atoms of the periodic table.

Gibbs, G. V.; Ross, N. L.; Cox, D. F.; Rosso, K. M.; Iversen, B. B.; Spackman, M. A.

2013-08-01

126

Cryogenic linear Paul trap for cold highly charged ion experiments.  

PubMed

Storage and cooling of highly charged ions require ultra-high vacuum levels obtainable by means of cryogenic methods. We have developed a linear Paul trap operating at 4 K capable of very long ion storage times of about 30 h. A conservative upper bound of the H(2) partial pressure of about 10(-15) mbar (at 4 K) is obtained from this. External ion injection is possible and optimized optical access for lasers is provided, while exposure to black body radiation is minimized. First results of its operation with atomic and molecular ions are presented. An all-solid state laser system at 313 nm has been set up to provide cold Be(+) ions for sympathetic cooling of highly charged ions. PMID:22938282

Schwarz, M; Versolato, O O; Windberger, A; Brunner, F R; Ballance, T; Eberle, S N; Ullrich, J; Schmidt, P O; Hansen, A K; Gingell, A D; Drewsen, M; López-Urrutia, J R Crespo

2012-08-01

127

Cryogenic linear Paul trap for cold highly charged ion experiments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Storage and cooling of highly charged ions require ultra-high vacuum levels obtainable by means of cryogenic methods. We have developed a linear Paul trap operating at 4 K capable of very long ion storage times of about 30 h. A conservative upper bound of the H2 partial pressure of about 10-15 mbar (at 4 K) is obtained from this. External ion injection is possible and optimized optical access for lasers is provided, while exposure to black body radiation is minimized. First results of its operation with atomic and molecular ions are presented. An all-solid state laser system at 313 nm has been set up to provide cold Be+ ions for sympathetic cooling of highly charged ions.

Schwarz, M.; Versolato, O. O.; Windberger, A.; Brunner, F. R.; Ballance, T.; Eberle, S. N.; Ullrich, J.; Schmidt, P. O.; Hansen, A. K.; Gingell, A. D.; Drewsen, M.; López-Urrutia, J. R. Crespo

2012-08-01

128

Linus Pauling and the scientific debate over fallout hazards.  

PubMed

From 1954 to 1963, numerous scientists engaged in a public debate over the possible hazards from radioactive fallout from nuclear weapons testing. Nobel laureate Linus Pauling, a California Institute of Technology chemist, was one of the most prominent. His scientific papers relating to the fallout debate reveal many of the scientific, social and political issues involved in the controversy. Although the public controversy ended after the signing of the 1963 Limited Test Ban Treaty, many of the scientific questions about the possible hazards of low-level radiation remain under debate within the scientific community. Moreover, the fallout debate was a prototype of current controversies over environmental and public-health hazards. PMID:12535922

Jolly, J Christopher

2002-12-01

129

THE PAUL-LUTHER RELATIONSHIP IN TERMS OF THEIR INTERPRETATION OF SCRIPTURE (HERMENEUTICS, BIBLE, REFORMATION, CANON, EXEGESIS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Serious challenges to the assumption that Luther had captured Paul's theology of justification emerged earlier in this century, and the challenges sent scholars back into the study of primary Luther sources. Luther scholar Paul Althaus, a Protestant, came to the conclusion that Luther and Paul were different in their understanding of Romans 7, and debate ensued. While this study does

TERRY CLIFFORD THOMAS

1985-01-01

130

Abraham, faith, and works: The role of Romans 4 in the discussion concerning the New Perspective on Paul  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1977, scholars associated with the New Perspective of Paul have suggested that Paul was misread by many during and after the Reformation period as they too often equated those whom they thought to be in error in their times with those whom Paul opposed. According to such New Perspective scholars, Judaism knew much more of grace than has generally

Gerhard H Visscher

2008-01-01

131

Specificity in Transition State Binding: The Pauling Model Revisited.  

PubMed

Linus Pauling proposed that the large rate accelerations for enzymes are caused by the high specificity of the protein catalyst for binding the reaction transition state. The observation that stable analogues of the transition states for enzymatic reactions often act as tight-binding inhibitors provided early support for this simple and elegant proposal. We review experimental results that support the proposal that Pauling's model provides a satisfactory explanation for the rate accelerations for many heterolytic enzymatic reactions through high-energy reaction intermediates, such as proton transfer and decarboxylation. Specificity in transition state binding is obtained when the total intrinsic binding energy of the substrate is significantly larger than the binding energy observed at the Michaelis complex. The results of recent studies that aimed to characterize the specificity in binding of the enolate oxygen at the transition state for the 1,3-isomerization reaction catalyzed by ketosteroid isomerase are reviewed. Interactions between pig heart succinyl-coenzyme A:3-oxoacid coenzyme A transferase (SCOT) and the nonreacting portions of coenzyme A (CoA) are responsible for a rate increase of 3 × 10(12)-fold, which is close to the estimated total 5 × 10(13)-fold enzymatic rate acceleration. Studies that partition the interactions between SCOT and CoA into their contributing parts are reviewed. Interactions of the protein with the substrate phosphodianion group provide an ?12 kcal/mol stabilization of the transition state for the reactions catalyzed by triosephosphate isomerase, orotidine 5'-monophosphate decarboxylase, and ?-glycerol phosphate dehydrogenase. The interactions of these enzymes with the substrate piece phosphite dianion provide a 6-8 kcal/mol stabilization of the transition state for reaction of the appropriate truncated substrate. Enzyme activation by phosphite dianion reflects the higher dianion affinity for binding to the enzyme-transition state complex compared with that of the free enzyme. Evidence is presented that supports a model in which the binding energy of the phosphite dianion piece, or the phosphodianion group of the whole substrate, is utilized to drive an enzyme conformational change from an inactive open form E(O) to an active closed form E(C), by closure of a phosphodianion gripper loop. Members of the enolase and haloalkanoic acid dehalogenase superfamilies use variable capping domains to interact with nonreacting portions of the substrate and sequester the substrate from interaction with bulk solvent. Interactions of this capping domain with the phenyl group of mandelate have been shown to activate mandelate racemase for catalysis of deprotonation of ?-carbonyl carbon. We propose that an important function of these capping domains is to utilize the binding interactions with nonreacting portions of the substrate to activate the enzyme for catalysis. PMID:23327224

Amyes, Tina L; Richard, John P

2013-02-01

132

Cogeneration Feasibility Study at the Paul Masson Vineyards Winery in Saratoga, California.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report evaluated the feasibility of installing a cogeneration system at the Paul Masson Vineyards Winery in Saratoga, California. The feasibility study explores the technical and economic features of a variety of cogeneration systems. The system reco...

1980-01-01

133

A Rocking Walking Tour: Investigating Architectural Rocks in downtown St. Paul, MN  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a guided inquiry field investigation in an urban setting. This investigation focuses on making observations, recording information, asking questions, and identifying the types of rocks used on buildings in downtown St. Paul, MN.

Baumtrog, Jill

134

How Buck vs. Bell began, Paul LombardoSite: DNA Interactive (www.dnai.org)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Interviewee: Paul Lombardo DNAi Location:Chronicle>Trial of carrie buck>trial Amherst County Courthouse Amherst County Courthouse was the first step of a legal case that would lead all the way to the Supreme Court.

2008-10-06

135

Resources for Educators of Adults: The Paul Hoy Helms Library in Liberal Adult Education.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This bibliography of the complete holdings of the Paul Hoy Helms Library, now incorporated in the Bird Library collection at Syracuse University, contains books chosen by faculty and students with the intention of furthering adult education and independen...

A. N. Charters

1978-01-01

136

Some acoustical properties of St Paul's Cathedral, London  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The interior of St Paul's Cathedral has a volume of 152 000 m3 including the large dome. The average value of the reverberation time is 11 s at 500 Hz when the cathedral is empty and reduces to 7.8 s at the same frequency when the cathedral is full. These measurements have been confirmed by several methods, including the method of integrated impulses. For frequencies above 1250 Hz the reverberation time decreases, because of air absorption and the special effect of the dome. With a steady random noise source the energy density was not constant in the nave: at 1000 Hz the sound level fell away at an approximate rate of 3 dB per doubling of distance. The assumption of a Sabine space can be made to some extent, and based on this assumption it is possible to estimate the reverberation time when the cathedral is full from the results when empty. Speech intelligibility is poor and articulation tests showed that in the middle of the nave only 20-30% of words are understood.

Lewers, T. H.; Anderson, J. S.

1984-01-01

137

[Jean-Paul Marat: physician, scientist and revolutionary].  

PubMed

Physician, scientist and revolutionary are the biographical aspects that had better summarize the life of Jean-Paul Marat (1743-1793). Due to the role that he played during the French Revolution, his work as a physician and scientist, prior to the events of l789, was forgotten. Marat made important contributions in the area of optics and electricity reflected in numerous publications, as well as translating Newton's Opticks (1787). Well known for his radical and aggressive ideas, his political vocation led him to embrace the revolutionary cause after the events of the Bastille. His figure was not indifferent to his contemporaries; although considered a hero by the poorest citizens, aristocrats and bourgeois considered him a cruel extremist. During the last years of his life, he suffered a cutaneous disease, the diagnosis of which is still a matter of controversy. Proposed diagnoses include eczema, seborrheic dermatitis, scabies and dermatitis herpetica, among others. Marat was assassinated by Charlotte Corday in 1793, becoming a martyr for some segments of the society that worshiped his memory. He was a man with a complex and curious personality whose figure and legacy are still a matter of discussion. PMID:20361162

Cerda L, Jaime

2010-03-26

138

Experimental study of resonance crossing with a Paul trap  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The effect of resonance crossing on beam stability is studied systematically by employing a novel tabletop experimental tool and a multiparticle simulation code. A large number of ions are confined in a compact linear Paul trap to reproduce the collective beam behavior. We can prove that the ion plasma in the trap is physically equivalent to a charged-particle beam propagating through a strong focusing channel. The plasma confinement force is quickly ramped such that the trap operating point traverses linear and nonlinear resonance stop bands. Assuming a nonscaling fixed field alternating gradient accelerator composed of many identical FODO cells, we measure how much ion losses occur under diverse conditions. It is experimentally and numerically demonstrated that too slow resonance crossing leads to significant ion losses as expected. Particular attention must be paid to the linear coherent resonance excited at a quarter-integer tune. When the beam intensity is high, this type of linear stop band can seriously affect the beam quality even for rather fast resonance crossing. A scaling law is given of the emittance growth caused by the quarter-integer resonance crossing.

Takeuchi, H.; Fukushima, K.; Ito, K.; Moriya, K.; Okamoto, H.; Sugimoto, H.

2012-07-01

139

[Paul Nitsche: psychiatric reformer and main protagonist of Nazi euthanasia].  

PubMed

The professional career of Paul Nitsche reflects the contradictory path taken by a German institutional psychiatrist who was a leader in the field at the time. During the Weimar Republic he advocated improving the institutional system based on principles of psychiatric reform, but was already receptive to concepts of racial hygiene. Shortly after the National Socialists seized power, Nitsche was already an influential proponent and participant in eugenic measures in Saxony and actively involved in implementing the "Law for the Prevention of Genetically Diseased Offspring." He increasingly appraised the value of a patient according to the person's economic performance. It was also Nitsche's opinion that the consequence of this extreme rationalization of human life was to exterminate "life unworthy of life." As a T4 appointed head assessor he decided in the last instance whether thousands of people would live or die. As the Medical Director of the T4 program, he was later directly responsible for continuing the massacre as "decentralized euthanasia." At the euthanasia trial in Dresden he was condemned to death and executed in 1948. PMID:22399059

Böhm, B

2012-03-01

140

Alkali Olivine Basalt dredged near St. Paul's Rocks, Mid-Atlantic Ridge  

Microsoft Academic Search

RECENT studies of deep sea basalts have revealed the great predominance of olivine tholeiites over both normative nepheline and normative quartz basalts1. An alkali basalt recently dredged between 2,950 and 1,975 m near St. Peter and St. Paul Rocks (St. Paul's Rocks) consequently seemed worthy of prompt description. Although mentioned in an abstract2, we have not previously published a chemical

William G. Melson; Eugene Jarosewich; Richard Cifelli; GEOFFREY THOMPSON

1967-01-01

141

Paul as model: The rhetoric and Old Testament background of Philippians 3:1-4:1  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation is an investigation of Paul's rhetorical strategy in Philippians 3:1-4:1, a passage unique for a number of reasons, among them is the form and content of the autobiographical section in vv. 5-6. Paul uses deliberative rhetoric to persuade the Philippian believers toward a particular mind-set in relating to Christ and to the apostle, himself. This section in Philippians

Bruce Lester Fields

1995-01-01

142

Boasting in the Lord: the ground of Paul's apostolic authority in 2 Cor 10:12-18  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focuses on the principle of boasting in the Lord that Paul derives from Jer 9:22-23 as the foundation of Paul's apostolic authority in 2 Cor 10:12-18. The thesis discusses the distinctions between legitimate and illegitimate boasting in the QT, in other early Jewish writings, and in the NT and comments on how Paul's understanding of boasting compares and

Kate C. Donahoe

2002-01-01

143

Saint Vincent de Paul and the Mission of the Institute for Business & Professional Ethics: Why Companies Should Care about Poverty  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2006, following St. Vincent of DePaul’s commitment to serving the poor, the IBPE aligned its mission with that of DePaul University’s: “serving first-generation and underserved student populations and …addressing social issues.” This initiative was further promoted by DePaul’s new strategic plan, Vision Twenty12. As a result, IBPE enhanced its mission to include becoming a catalyst aimed to inspire companies

patricia werhane; laura hartman; scott kelley

2008-01-01

144

Asymptotic solution of Fokker-Planck equation for plasma in Paul traps  

SciTech Connect

An exact analytic solution of the Vlasov equation for the plasma distribution in a Paul trap is known to be a Maxwellian and thus, immune to collisions under the assumption of infinitely fast relaxation [K. Shah and H. S. Ramachandran, Phys. Plasmas 15, 062303 (2008)]. In this paper, it is shown that even for a more realistic situation of finite time relaxation, solutions of the Fokker-Planck equation lead to an equilibrium solution of the form of a Maxwellian with oscillatory temperature. This shows that the rf heating observed in Paul traps cannot be caused due to collisional effects alone.

Shah, Kushal [Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science, Weizmann Institute of Science, POB 26, Rehovot 76100 (Israel)

2010-05-15

145

33 CFR 207.320 - Mississippi River, Twin City Locks and Dam, St. Paul and Minneapolis, Minn.; pool level.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Mississippi River, Twin City Locks and Dam, St. Paul and Minneapolis...REGULATIONS § 207.320 Mississippi River, Twin City Locks and Dam, St. Paul and Minneapolis...control of the pool level created by the Twin City Locks and Dam, Minneapolis,...

2010-07-01

146

33 CFR 207.320 - Mississippi River, Twin City Locks and Dam, St. Paul and Minneapolis, Minn.; pool level.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 false Mississippi River, Twin City Locks and Dam, St. Paul and Minneapolis...REGULATIONS § 207.320 Mississippi River, Twin City Locks and Dam, St. Paul and Minneapolis...control of the pool level created by the Twin City Locks and Dam, Minneapolis,...

2009-07-01

147

Project Early Kindergarten Evaluation: Summary of Results through 2009-10 of a Saint Paul Public Schools Initiative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Saint Paul Public Schools' Project Early Kindergarten program aims to improve the school readiness of Saint Paul children. The program offers a rigorous academic approach and targets children who are English Language Learners, come from low-income families, or need Special Education services. Ultimately, the program intends to help close…

Wilder Research, 2010

2010-01-01

148

Paul Valéry on Photography: A Poetic Writing of Light and Time  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article studies Paul Valéry's personal reflection on photography, as it appears in his essay “Le Discours du Centenaire de la Photographie,” based on a speech given at the Sorbonne in 1939 to members of the French Academy. It stresses the relationship between this essay and the French poet's writings on painting and aesthetics, in particular his work on Corot.

Pierre Taminiaux

2009-01-01

149

The ''Warming Trend'' in Conceptual Change Research: The Legacy of Paul R. Pintrich  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article explores the legacy of Paul Pintrich in regard to theory and research in conceptual change. Specifically, this article reviews his vision for a view of conceptual change--a vision that integrated motivation and affect within a broader view of cognition in the classroom (Pintrich, 1999; Pintrich & Sinatra, 2003). This article…

Sinatra, Gale M.

2005-01-01

150

On the integrability of the two-ion Paul trap in the pseudo potential approximation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The two-ion Paul trap is integrable in the pseudo potential approximation for trap asymmetry parameters ? = 1/2 and ? = 2. Integrability at ? = 1/2 (proved by explicitly stating the corresponding analytical integral of the motion) is not consistent with recently published results [G. Baumann, Phys. Lett. A 162 (1992) 464].

Blümel, R.

1993-03-01

151

Rounding Second Base With Data Base: DePaul University's Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A description of Data Base, the computerized data processing system used by De Paul University, is provided. Some background information on the school's data processing experiences and its decision to adopt Data Base are first presented, followed by a brief review of the Data Base software selected for use by the University. Fuller details are…

Harvey, Glenn B.

152

Phylogeographic analysis of the mid-Holocene Mammoth from Qagnaxˆ Cave, St. Paul Island, Alaska  

Microsoft Academic Search

Remains of a woolly mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius) were found in Qagnaxˆ Cave, a lava tube cave on St. Paul Island in the Pribilof Islands, 500 km west of the Alaskan mainland in the Bering Sea. Several dates converge on 5725 14C yr BP, making these the youngest mammoth remains discovered in North America, and among the few Holocene mammoths known. Genetic

J. M. Enk; D. R. Yesner; K. J. Crossen; D. W. Veltre; D. H. O'Rourke

2009-01-01

153

St. Peter and St. Pauls's Rocks (Equatorial Atlantic) and the surrounding sea floor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Details on the sampling locations, rock types recovered and bathymetry and morphology of the islets of St. Paul's Rocks (Equatorial Atlantic) and the surrounding sea floor are given. This work was done during cruise 35 of R/V CHAIN, and cruise 20 of R/V ATLANTIS II in 1965.

Thompson, G.

1981-11-01

154

The Chemical World of Paul Walden: Organic Chemistry from 1880 to 1935  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes Paul Walden's history of organic chemistry as a continuation of Carl Graebe's work, covering the period from 1880 to 1935. Indicates that a general intellectual outlook, controlling ideas, and mental furnishings characteristic of his time are revealed besides factual information about the classical age of organic chemistry. (CC)|

Tarbell, D. Stanley

1974-01-01

155

Paul Abraham: A Forgotten Scholar of the Prussian Academy of Sciences and Humanities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Paul Abraham, one of the Berlin Academy's most experienced researchers, was deported to Auschwitz in 1943. The fate of this Jewish scholar reveals much about the inner life of the Academy, and its treatment of Jewish staff, during the World War II. This paper describes his life, against a backdrop of war, revolution, and dictatorship, and in the…

Thiel, Jens

2004-01-01

156

Paul Glaz oral history interview by Michael Hirsh, September 28, 2008  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is an oral history interview with Holocaust concentration camp liberator Paul Glaz. Glaz was a sergeant in the 4th Armored Division, which liberated Ohrdruf on April 11, 1945. He and his unit were able to drive their tanks directly into the camp, the guards having previously fled. Glaz spent at least one day in the camp, walking around to

Paul Glaz; Michael Hirsh

2008-01-01

157

The therapeutic personality, as illustrated by Paul Federn and August Aichhorn  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is the result of a casual remark made at a presentation of Paul Federn's ego psychology to the s:taff of Philadelphia State Hospital in .September :[956. The writer said then that Federn's personality may have contributed to his success in treating psychotic patients, while Freud's different personal approach to these patients might explain his pessimism about their treatability.

Ernst Federn; AUGUST AICHHORN

1962-01-01

158

CONSUMPTION-John Paul II, Catholic social thought and the ethics of consumption  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this essay, the author identifies three reasons why consumption, or more precisely excessive consumption, is emphasized in Catholic social thought including most recently John Paul II’s 1991 encyclical Centesimus Annus: the moral conflict between the abundance enjoyed by the few and the poverty endured by the many; the threat to the environment from excessive consumption; and the human degradation

Charles K. Wilber

1998-01-01

159

Apostasy in the Wilderness: Paul's Message To the Corinthians in a State of Eschatological Liminality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Certain interpretative approaches have coloured the conclusions of some recent scholarly works on the subject of apostasy. Judith Gundry Volf's topical-exegetical method is one example. This article argues that the content of Paul's description of the Israelites in the wilderness focuses upon the notions of apostasy and eschatol ogy. As a point of departure, a cultural anthropological approach is used

B. J. Oropeza

2000-01-01

160

Paul Wilborn oral history interview by Suzette Berkman, January 12, 2006  

Microsoft Academic Search

Paul Wilborn, former manager of creative industries for the City of Tampa, discusses the city's art program. He begins the interview talking about growing up in Temple Terrace, Florida. He also discusses his college experience at the University of South Florida (USF) in Tampa; working on USF's student newspaper, the Oracle, and the campus magazine, the Omnibus; and his years

Paul Wilborn; Suzette Berkman

2006-01-01

161

USDA-ARS Plant Science Research Unit, St. Paul Alfalfa/Forage Research Program  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The Plant Science Research Unit (PSRU) located at the University of Minnesota in St. Paul receives approximately $1.5 million to fund the research of six scientists who direct their research efforts toward developing new uses and improved traits for alfalfa. Our overarching goal is to develop alfalf...

162

1927 Buck vs. Bell trial, Paul LombardoSite: DNA Interactive (www.dnai.org)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Interviewee: Paul Lombardo DNAi Location:Chronicle>Trial of Carrie Buck>outcome Carrie's sterilization in context. Carrie's one-hour sterilization took place in 1927, the same year that Babe Ruth hit 60 home runs and Charles Lindbergh flew solo across the Atlantic.

2008-10-06

163

Who Should Be Called Father? Paul of Tarsus between the Jesus Tradition and Patria Potestas  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to the family values that characterized the cultures in which Jesus of Nazareth and Paul of Tarsus were socialized, the authority of fathers over their children was unquestioned and almost without limits. All children were taught that filial piety was essential to life; obedience was expected of even grown sons and daughters as long as their fathers were alive,

S. Scott Bartchy

2003-01-01

164

Systems Performance Analyses of Alaska Wind-Diesel Projects; St. Paul, Alaska (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This fact sheet summarizes a systems performance analysis of the wind-diesel project in St. Paul, Alaska. Data provided for this project include load data, average wind turbine output, average diesel plant output, dump (controlling) load, average net capacity factor, average net wind penetration, estimated fuel savings, and wind system availability.

Baring-Gould, I.

2009-04-01

165

DePaul University School for New Learning FA 268 Human Dimensions of Project Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mr. Bottum has a Master of Arts Degree in Applied Professional Studies, with a focus in Performance Metrics and Statistical Analysis, from DePaul University. He worked in the insurance industry for over 33 years in a supervisory and senior management capacity and is a member of the Professional Liability Underwriting Society. Mr. Bottum is also a co-editor of Architects and

O'Hare Campus; Thomas G. Bottum

166

The superfluity of the law in Philo and Paul: A study in the history of religions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis looks at two seminal Jewish thinkers of the 1st century C.E., Philo of Alexandria and the Apostle Paul, and compares their distinct views of the Mosaic law with Graeco-Roman discussions of law. Specifically, it asks how Graeco-Roman discussions of \\

John W. Martens

1991-01-01

167

Paul Ehrlich: pioneer of chemotherapy and cure by arsenic (1854-1915).  

PubMed Central

Paul Ehrlich's experiments in staining techniques at the end of the nineteenth century resulted in many discoveries which help to form the basis of present research work. Ehrlich's chemotherapy research led to his formulating the arsenic compound, Salvarsan, which was used in the treatment of syphilis during the first half of this century until it was superseded by penicillin. Images

Thorburn, A L

1983-01-01

168

Communicating with the Dead: The Evidence Ignored Why Paul Kurtz is Wrong  

Microsoft Academic Search

A far-ranging attack on the evidence for the paranormal in general, and the case for post-mortem survival of intelligence in particular, was published in 2000 by Professor Paul Kurtz in the Skeptical Inquirer , organ of the Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the Paranormal. Reluctance of its Editor to fulfil an undertaking to publish a response has

MONTAGUE KEEN

169

Paul Tillich and Carl Jung: A Dialogue Between Theology and Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis explores the relationship between theology and psychology through a reflection on the thought of Paul Tillich and Carl lung. Tillich' s formal theological method -- the method of correlation -- provides a framework for understanding the relationship between these disciplines and serves as the basic structure of this thesis. According to the method of correlation, the relationship between

Karen A. Palmer

1996-01-01

170

Allegory and the Critique of the Aesthetic Ideology in Paul de Man  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article offers an exposition of Paul de Man's theory of allegory developed in his essay 'The Rhetoric of Temporality'. It discusses this theorisation of allegory, informed by Walter Benjamin's writings on allegory, as key to understanding the critique of 'the aesthetic ideology' that preoccupies de Man's late work and considers its role in what Jacques Derrida referred to as

Jeremy Spencer

2008-01-01

171

A Bridge Too Far? Comparative Reflections on St. Paul and Confucius  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper is a personal reflection on a lifetime experience of bridging the values and ideas of two distinctive faith traditions: the Christian and the Confucian. The author has chosen to focus on the lives and beliefs of two great teachers: St. Paul in Europe of the first century CE and Confucius in China of the 5th century BCE First the…

Hayhoe, Ruth

2012-01-01

172

The Father in the Ice: Paul Auster, Character, and Literary Ancestry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article takes as its starting point the image of the father frozen in ice that Paul Auster first uses in Ghosts. It argues that the image can be read as a representation of Auster's relationship with his literary antecedents and as a dramatization of the ethical questions of solipsism and otherness that the reading of narrative entails.

James Peacock

2011-01-01

173

Midnight Ride, Industrial Dawn: Paul Revere and the Growth of American Enterprise  

Microsoft Academic Search

Paul Revere's ride to warn the colonial militia of the British march on Lexington and Concord is a legendary contribution to the American Revolution. Midnight Ride, Industrial Dawn reveals another side of this American hero's life, that of a transformational entrepreneur instrumental in the industrial revolution.

Robert Martello

2010-01-01

174

An Outsider's Support of Yiddishism in the Baltic States: The Case of Paul Ariste.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This case study of non-Jewish support of Yiddishism in Estonia examines the arguments Paul Ariste--a famous Estonian linguist who learned Yiddish as a young man--used in a Yiddish-language speech in the general context of Yiddishist ideology. (Author/VWL)|

Verschik, Anna

2003-01-01

175

Is Paul A. Weiss' and Ludwig von Bertalanffy's system thinking still valid today?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The roots of what is today called general system theory (GST) can be traced back to the Vienna of the early 20th century. In the 1920s Paul Weiss performed experiments in the Viennese Prater Vivarium (a privately founded research institution in the area of experimental biology) and found that his results were totally incompatible with the prevailing mechanistic concepts dominating

Manfred Drack; Wilfried Apfalter

2007-01-01

176

Optimization of segmented linear Paul traps and transport of stored particles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Single ions held in linear Paul traps are promising candidates for a future quantum computer. Here, we discuss a two-layer microstructured segmented linear ion trap. The radial and axial potentials are obtained from numeric field simulations and the geometry of the trap is optimized. As the trap electrodes are segmented in the axial direction, the trap allows the transport of

Stephan Schulz; Ulrich Poschinger; K. Singer; Ferdinand Schmidt-Kaler

2006-01-01

177

The Convenient Alliance: President Reagan and Pope John Paul II, Cold Warriors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historians and non-scholars alike have long regarded the work of President Reagan and Pope John Paul II to be a tremendous force in helping to end the Cold War. In 1992, Time Magazine cited the relationship as a “Holy Alliance”, a political partnering of two men who, after surviving separate assassination attempts merely six weeks apart, saw their role in

Tighe P. Flatley

2007-01-01

178

Paul Broca's historic cases: high resolution MR imaging of the brains of Leborgne and Lelong  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1861, the French surgeon, Pierre Paul Broca, described two patients who had lost the ability to speak after injury to the posterior inferior frontal gyrus of the brain. Since that time, an infinite number of clinical and functional imaging studies have relied on this brain^behaviour relationship as their anchor for the localization of speech functions. Clinical studies of Broca's

N. F. Dronkers; O. Plaisant; M. T. Iba-Zizen; E. A. Cabanis

2007-01-01

179

Route-Specific Transit Marketing in Minneapolis/St. Paul, Minnesota.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Minneapolis/St. Paul Transit Marketing Demonstration involved the administration of a combination of marketing techniques on five selected transit routes. Based on a comparison of the results of a post-treatment survey to those of a pre-treatment surv...

D. Fleishman

1985-01-01

180

Paul Berg and Stanley Cohen, still imageSite: DNA Interactive (www.dnai.org)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Paul Berg, 1976 (L) and Stanley Cohen (R). Herbert Boyer: Former varsity lineman turned biotech bigwig. Expert at cutting DNA before most people knew it could be done. Stanley Cohen: A born tinkerer; figured out the trick of using loops of DNA called plasmids to transform bacterial DNA.

2008-10-06

181

A Contemporary View of Paul Klee as an Artist-Teacher.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The thesis explores the development of Paul Klee, a German artist, in terms of his educational and artistic philosophies. The research was limited to his teaching years at the Bauhaus and the Dusseldorf Academy, 1921 through 1933. Klee's own writings served as primary sources, and other sources included his son, a close friend, and Bauhaus…

Malcolm, Dorothea C.

182

Cost Study of the Saint Paul Early Childhood Scholarship Program. Technical Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2008, the Minnesota Early Learning Foundation created the Saint Paul Early Childhood Scholarship Program, a pilot program to provide families with scholarships to cover the cost of high-quality early childhood education (ECE) programs. Although there is a large body of research about the benefits of preschool specifically and early learning…

Schwartz, Heather L.; Karoly, Lynn A.

2011-01-01

183

From aesthetics of poetics: The Benjaminian turn in Paul de Man  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study traces Benjaminian motifs in Paul de Man's work from the standpoint of de Man's turn from aesthetics toward poetics. Several protocols guide this project. First, I deliberately distance my assessment of de Man from the common habit of interpretation that links him with \\

1994-01-01

184

Paul Ehrlich (1854-1915): founder of chemotherapy and pioneer of haematology, immunology and oncology.  

PubMed

The Jewish-German histologist, microbiologist, bio- chemist, immunologist and pharmacologist Paul Ehrlich, by his research founded chemotherapy and pioneered im- munology, haematology and oncology. For his contribu- tion in immunology he was awarded the Nobel Prize of Medicine and Physiology in 1908. PMID:17415859

Androutsos, G

185

The analysis and criticism of the theology and methodology of Paul Yonggi Cho  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problem that the true believer faces today is the dangerous concepts and movements that Paul Yonggi Cho is advocating.4 The phenomenal success in the growth of his church has attracted many people, both laymen and leaders in the churches, to follow his teachings and methods. His involvements in the movements of positive thinking, prophesying and miracle healing, charismatic practice,

Hsieh-Kan Christian Wei

1992-01-01

186

Phonology and Reading: A Response to Wang, Trezek, Luckner, and Paul  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Four critical responses to an article, "The Role of Phonology and Phonologically Related Skills in Reading Instruction for Students Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing" (Wang, Trezek, Luckner, & Paul, 2008), are presented. Issue is taken with the conclusions of the article by Wang and colleagues regarding the "necessary" condition of phonological…

Allen, Thomas E.; Clark, M. Diane; del Giudice, Alex; Koo, Daniel; Lieberman, Amy; Mayberry, Rachel; Millerd, Paul

2009-01-01

187

Humpty Dumpty in New York: Language and Regime Change in Paul Auster's City of Glass  

Microsoft Academic Search

:Humpty Dumpty began as a caricature of Charles I, the king toppled by Puritans. Lewis Carroll's better-known version moves the story of regime change to the scene of language, with Humpty's linguistic arrogance pitted against Alice's conventional view of language. Paul Auster recycles both figures, situating the egg in a site-specific American battle between the Puritan dream of a transparent

Sylvia Söderlind

2011-01-01

188

Humpty Dumpty in New York: Language and Regime Change in Paul Auster's City of Glass  

Microsoft Academic Search

Humpty Dumpty began as a caricature of Charles I, the king toppled by Puritans. Lewis Carroll's better-known version moves the story of regime change to the scene of language, with Humpty's linguistic arrogance pitted against Alice's conventional view of language. Paul Auster recycles both figures, situating the egg in a site-specific American battle between the Puritan dream of a transparent

Sylvia Söderlind

2011-01-01

189

The Scattered Members of an Invisible Republic: Virtual Communities and Paul Ricoeur's Hermeneutics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discussion of virtual communities focuses on Paul Ricoeur's hermeneutic theories which accounts for temporal and spatial distance in the exchange of the community's texts. Topics include virtual communities and computer mediated communication studies; the linguistic aspects of virtual communities; and empirical hermeneutics. (Contains 61…

Burnett, Gary

2002-01-01

190

Reading the City: Paul Auster’s The New York Trilogy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this paper is to explore the concept of “city” as seen by the American novelist Paul Auster, in his postmodernist meta-fiction, The New York Trilogy. The starting point of this paper is R. Barthes’ idea of seeing the city as an inscription of man in space. In his Semiology and the urban, Barthes argues that the city

Student Lucia-Hedviga PASCARIU

2011-01-01

191

Allan Bloom, Mike Rose, and Paul Goodman: In Search of a Lost Pedagogical Synthesis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses and compares two recent books on American higher education: "The Closing of the American Mind" by Allan Bloom, and "Lives on the Boundary" by Mike Rose. Develops a view which synthesizes those of Bloom and Rose. Considers this view as comparable to that of Paul Goodman. (HB)

Smith, Jeff

1993-01-01

192

The day before Buck vs. Bell, Paul LombardoSite: DNA Interactive (www.dnai.org)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Interviewee: Paul Lombardo DNAi Location:Chronicle>Trial of Carrie Buck>players>Carrie Buck>A cold day in November The day before the Virginia case, Arthur Estabrook photographed Carrie and Emma on a bench located at this spot in the Virginia Colony.

2008-10-06

193

The Rhetoric of Opposing Constructions of Reality: Gay Rights in St. Paul.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Fantasy Theme Analysis was used to examine the rhetorical clash of incongruent world views during the 1978 controversy over a gay rights ordinance in St. Paul, Minnesota. Fantasy Theme Analysis considers the individual and collective dramatizations of a group's goals, scope, and activities--the group's conceptualized reality, or fantasy theme--in…

Palmerton, Patricia R.

194

At Paul Quinn, Students Till the Soil to Cultivate a Better College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In autumn, most colleges' football fields are covered with a thick carpet of grass or artificial turf and are adorned with yard lines. But the football field at Paul Quinn College was carved up by plowing and planting. This past fall, portions of the college's gridiron were covered with sweet potatoes, watermelons, peppers, rosemary, and sugar…

Kelderman, Eric

2012-01-01

195

The Case of the Missing Amendments: R.A.V. v. City of St. Paul  

Microsoft Academic Search

In R.A.V. v. City of St. Paul, the Justices claimed to disagree about a good many things, but they seemed to stand unanimous on at least two points. First, the 1989 flag burning case, Texas v. Johnson - itself an extraordinarily controversial decision - remains good law and indeed serves as an important font of First Amendment first principles. Second,

Akhil Reed Amar

1992-01-01

196

Sympathetic cooling and crystallization of ions in a linear Paul trap  

SciTech Connect

Coulomb crystals, containing up to a few hundred ions of which more than 50{percent} were cooled sympathetically by the Coulomb interaction with laser cooled Mg{sup +} ions, have been produced in a linear Paul trap. By controlling the balance of the radiation pressure from the two cooling lasers, the Coulomb crystals could be segregated according to ion species. Previous studies of ion crystals and molecular dynamics simulations suggest that the temperature may be around 10 mK or lower. The obtained results indicate that a wide range of atomic and molecular ions, which due to their internal structures are not amenable to direct laser cooling, can be effectively cooled and localized (crystallized) in linear Paul traps. For high resolution spectroscopy of such ions this may turn out to be very useful. {copyright} {ital 1999 American Institute of Physics.}

Drewsen, M.; Bowe, P.; Hornekaer, L.; Brodersen, C.; Schiffer, J.P.; Hangst, J.S. [Institute of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); Schiffer, J.P. [Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439, and University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States)

1999-01-01

197

Sympathetic cooling and crystallization of ions in a linear Paul trap  

SciTech Connect

Coulomb crystals, containing up to a few hundred ions of which more than 50% were cooled sympathetically by the Coulomb interaction with laser cooled Mg{sup +} ions, have been produced in a linear Paul trap. By controlling the balance of the radiation pressure from the two cooling lasers, the Coulomb crystals could be segregated according to ion species. Previous studies of ion crystals and molecular dynamics simulations suggest that the temperature may be around 10 mK or lower. The obtained results indicate that a wide range of atomic and molecular ions, which due to their internal structures are not amenable to direct laser cooling, can be effectively cooled and localized (crystallized) in linear Paul traps. For high resolution spectroscopy of such ions this may turn out to be very useful.

Drewsen, M.; Bowe, P.; Hornekaer, L.; Brodersen, C.; Hangst, J. S. [Institute of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); Schiffer, J. P. [Institute of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus C (Denmark); Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439, and University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States)

1999-01-15

198

Cogeneration feasibility study at the Paul Masson Vineyards Winery in Saratoga, California. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report evaluated the feasibility of installing a cogeneration system at the Paul Masson Vineyards Winery in Saratoga, California. The feasibility study explores the technical and economic features of a variety of cogeneration systems. The system recommended is a 290 kilowatt natural gas fired rich burning Otto cycle internal combustion engine-generator set. Waste heat recovery would produce an average of 1500 gallons per hour of 180F. process water and provide for a peak of 4500 gallons per hour for four hours per day. The system would produce 1,670,000 kilowatt-hours of electric energy per year, have a capital cost of $191,000, and have a payback period of 2.3 years. The project would save over 18 billion BTU's per year compared to separate generation of steam by Paul Masson and electricity by the utility. Atmospheric emissions can be sufficiently controlled by using a non-selective reduction catalytic converter.

Not Available

1980-09-01

199

Experiments on transverse compression of a long charge bunch in a linear Paul trap  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The transverse compression of a long charge bunch is investigated in the Paul trap simulator experiment (PTSX), which is a linear Paul trap that simulates the nonlinear transverse dynamics of an intense charged particle beam propagating through an equivalent kilometers-long magnetic alternating-gradient (AG) focusing system. Changing the voltage amplitude at fixed focusing frequency in the PTSX device corresponds to changing the field gradient of the quadrupole magnets with fixed axial periodicity in the AG transport system. In this work, we present experimental results on transverse compression of the charge bunch in which the amplitude of the applied oscillatory focusing voltage is changed instantaneously, and adiabatically. The experimental data are also compared with analytical estimates and 2D WARP particle-in-cell simulations.

Chung, Moses; Gilson, Erik P.; Dorf, Mikhail; Davidson, Ronald C.; Efthimion, Philip C.; Majeski, Richard

2007-06-01

200

But as then so even now: toward an understanding and reproduction of Paul's allegory in Galatians 4:21-31, with implications for the role of history and general revelation in the interpretive process  

Microsoft Academic Search

The special use of the OT which Paul demonstrates in Galatians 4:21ff, has raised several questions, including the following: What is it that Paul actually does in this text? Is it allegory (acknowledging Paul's own word) or something else? Is it typology? How does Paul's method of using the OT here compare with philosophical allegory and other allegorical approaches? How

James B. DeYoung

1997-01-01

201

Mahlon Hoagland and Paul Zamecnik (1940s), still imageSite: DNA Interactive (www.dnai.org)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

(L) Mahlon Hoagland, circa 1940s (R) Paul Zamecnik, circa 1940s. They were biochemists who were interested in protein synthesis. DNA and genetics were biological problems until their results helped prove the Central Dogma.

2008-10-06

202

78 FR 31985 - Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel; Before the Licensing Board: G. Paul Bollwerk, III...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Licensing Board Panel; Before the Licensing Board: G. Paul Bollwerk, III, Chairman, Dr. Richard E. Wardwell, Dr. Thomas J. Hirons; Crow Butte Resources, Inc. (Marsland Expansion Area); Memorandum and Order (Notice of Hearing) May...

2013-05-28

203

75 FR 5409 - Interim Final Rules Under the Paul Wellstone and Pete Domenici Mental Health Parity and Addiction...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Department of Health and Human Services...Paul Wellstone and Pete Domenici Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act of 2008...Part 2590 RIN 1210-AB30 DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for...

2010-02-02

204

Paul Tsongas and the battles over energy and the environment, 1974--1980  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation examines the political career of Paul Tsongas of Lowell, Massachusetts, from 1974 to 1980, with particular attention to his efforts to reconcile regional, environmental, and economic interests during his two terms in the U.S. House of Representatives and his first two years in the U.S. Senate. The national debates over energy policy during the late 1970s present an

Dane Morris Netherton

2004-01-01

205

Measurement of isotope ratio of Ca{sup +} ions in a linear Paul Trap  

SciTech Connect

Measurement of isotope ratios of Calcium is very useful in many fields. So we demonstrated the measurement of isotope ratios of {sup 40}Ca{sup +}(abundance 96.4%) to {sup 44}Ca{sup +}(2.09%) ions in a linear Paul trap with several laser lights tuning to the isotope shifts. And we found that the experimental parameters had large influences on the measurement of the isotope ratios.

Hashimoto, Y.; Minamino, K.; Nagamoto, D.; Hasegawa, S. [Department of Quantum Engineering and Systems Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan)

2009-03-17

206

Paul Lombardo, University of Virginia Rotunda, still imageSite: DNA Interactive (www.dnai.org)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

DNAi location: Chronicle>Trial of Carrie Buck>epilogue Paul Lombardo before the Rotunda at the University of Virginia, designed by Thomas Jefferson. Jefferson's monument is widely considered a symbol of freedom, and the American dream for human rights. Putting Jefferson's rotunda alongside the story of Carrie Buck, reminds us of how fragile our freedoms are, and how the uses of science can sometimes take us down dark paths.

2008-10-06

207

The Paul F-Brandwein Institute: Continuing a Legacy in Conservation Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a During his lifetime as educator, author, lecturer, editor, scientist, conservationist, leader, friend, mentor, and humanitarian,\\u000a Paul F. Brandwein entered the minds and hearts of many who had the opportunity to work and learn with him as well as many\\u000a others who knew and learned from him through his published works and presentations. With his wife and partner, Mary, he transformed

Deborah C. Fort; Marily DeWall

208

Ground state cooling, quantum state engineering and study of decoherence of ions in Paul traps  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate single ions of $^{40}Ca^+$ in Paul traps for quantum information processing. Superpositions of the S$_{1\\/2}$ electronic ground state and the metastable D$_{5\\/2}$ state are used to implement a qubit. Laser light on the S$_{1\\/2} \\\\leftrightarrow$ D$_{5\\/2}$ transition is used for the manipulation of the ion's quantum state. We apply sideband cooling to the ion and reach the ground

F. Schmidt-Kaler; Ch. Roos; H. C. Nägerl; H. Rohde; S. Gulde; A. Mundt; M. Lederbauer; G. Thalhammer; Th. Zeiger; P. Barton; L. Hornekaer; G. Reymond; D. Leibfried; J. Eschner; R. Blatt

2000-01-01

209

Potential for gas storage in mined cavern near Minneapolis-St. Paul  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because geological conditions around the weather-sensitive Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn., area have thwarted plans for a high-delivery underground gas storage facility, Northern has considered an unconventional alternative - excavating a deep cavern in competent rock. A 1975 technoeconomic study included continuous coring of the dense Precambrian igneous rock at 755-3986 ft depths. The updated construction-time and cost estimates, which cover cycle

E. V. Martinson; R. L. Loofbourow

1980-01-01

210

Electrochemical Hydrogen Evolution: Sabatier's Principle and the Volcano Plot  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The electrochemical hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) is growing in significance as society begins to rely more on renewable energy sources such as wind and solar power. Thus, research on designing new, inexpensive, and abundant HER catalysts is important. Here, we describe how a simple experiment combined with results from density functional…

Laursen, Anders B.; Varela, Ana Sofia; Dionigi, Fabio; Fanchiu, Hank; Miller, Chandler; Trinhammer, Ole L.; Rossmeisl, Jan; Dahl, Soren

2012-01-01

211

As it is in heaven? John Paul II listened to God and misunderstood the message.  

PubMed

This articles focuses on John Paul II's 1993 Veritatis Splendor, an 1798 page encyclical letter to the Church's bishops on the crisis in the Catholic Church of family limitation and the implications for the laity and society. The communication states that a flexible interpretation of theology must be abandoned. Paul VI's 19963 Humanae Vitae is reportedly affirmed. John XXIII's spiritualism and concern with conscience is ignored. This encyclical is identified as not spoken "ex cathedra" or from the throne, which would have made the pronouncement true, unarguable forever, and subject to excommunication for those disobeying. Pope John Paul II is said to be preparing another encyclical on life issues and sexuality. Reference is made in this encyclical to devices that are acceptable to use to gauge a safe period for copulation without impregnation. The devices include the rectal thermometer and the calculator for determining the infertile days in the natural cycle. Veritatis Splendor's position on fertility is viewed as an issue of loyalty to the Church and not as an honest evaluation of the moral implications of artificial birth control. This encyclical comes closer to "ex cathedra" than the Humanae Vitae, which banned the birth control pill, IUD, spermicides, hormonal implants, vasectomies, and tubal ligation. Liberal Catholic theologians are reported to have interpreted Paul VI's statement that "God illuminates from within the hearts of the faithful and invites their assent," as a validation of dissent. Pope John Paul II closes the door to dissent in this proclamation. The Church also closes the door to free will for people to decide for themselves. The Jesuits, with different notions of divine will, are described as potentially concluding that the denial of free will and individual reason for the sake of Papal supremacy must be the work of the devil himself. For good Catholics this encyclical is interpreted as potentially forcing even stronger opposition to the Vatican's teachings and continued adherence to the dictates of their own conscience. A God who gave men and women the power of his reason would not allow the Pope, however infallible, to take this away. Among nonreligious thinkers the Catholic posture is viewed as very wrong on birth control. Divisions within the Church are expected to increase. PMID:12345270

1993-10-27

212

Paul's gospel and the rhetoric of apostolic rejection: A study of Galatians 1:15--17, 1 Corinthians 15:8, F. C. Baur, and the origins of Paul's Gentile mission  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation proposes a new understanding of Paul's Gentile mission and its relationship to his so-called "conversion." This dissertation examines the origins of Paul's mission to the Gentiles, and locates it in his claims to have been personally commissioned to undertake such a mission by Jesus. Specifically, I argue that it is the rejection of Paul's claim to be an apostle, a claim founded upon his "conversion" experience, that precipitates his mission to the Gentiles. In arguing this view, I draw upon Ferdinand Christian Baur's nineteenth century theories concerning both the unreliability of Acts as a historical source, and his proposal of a clear division between Paul and the other apostles. In establishing the methodological and theoretical framework of the dissertation, I discuss the "New Perspective on Paul" that has dominated New Testament scholarship over the past thirty years. My study is also informed methodologically by the growing interest in rhetorical criticism among biblical scholars, although the emphasis of this dissertation bears more of a resemblance to the approach of the New Rhetoric than the categories of classical, Greco-Roman rhetoric. The textual component of this work falls into two stages. The first contains a full examination of Paul's "conversion passages" in Galatians 1:15--17 and 1 Corinthians 15:8, attempting to situate these seemingly unusual self-descriptions in their cultural contexts. The second involves an examination of F. C. Baur's presentation of Paul, and the reception of Baur's views among biblical scholars throughout the years following his scholarly activity. This dissertation makes two claims, each of which can stand on its own as an important contribution to scholarship. My first claim is that components of Baur's work support my proposal concerning Paul's Gentile mission and his experience of apostolic rejection, and that this proposal has much to commend it as an explanation of a perennial scholarly puzzle. My second claim is methodological, as I demonstrate that scholarly writings about Paul and his modern interpreters are themselves exercises in argumentation, and thus are not to be accepted uncritically, or without close attention to the rhetorical practices they utilize.

Mitchell, Matthew Wesley

213

Letter Written by Paul Filipowich to the Bryant College Service Club Dated January 5, 1944  

Microsoft Academic Search

[Transcription begins]\\u000aCamp Mackall North Carolina\\u000aLt. Paul Filipowich, “39” Station Hospital Camp Mackall, N.C.\\u000a5 January 1944\\u000aThe Bryant Service Club Bryant College Providence, R.I.\\u000aDear Members,\\u000aI wish to express my sincerest thanks to you all for your kind remembrance at Christmas. I appreciated your package very much and do hope that we all can meet together before

Paul Filipowich

1944-01-01

214

Dynamical behavior, transient chaos, and riddled basins of two charged particles in a Paul trap  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Calculations based on coupled Mathieu-Coulomb equations have been performed to investigate the dynamical behavior of two particles in a Paul trap. It is found that the average transient lifetime increases exponentially with the increase of trap voltage or with the decrease of damping. The stationary chaos does not exist in this dissipative system. Transient chaos is a common phenomenon before trajectories are settled in frequency-locked orbits. We also study the basins of attraction and find riddled basins as well as Wada basins in the system.

Shen, Jing-Ling; Yin, Hua-Wei; Dai, Jian-Hua; Zhang, Hong-Jun

1997-03-01

215

Generalized Slater--Pauling curve and the role of metalloids in Fe-based amorphous alloys  

SciTech Connect

A modification of the generalized Slater--Pauling curve so as to consider the concentration dependence of the number of majority-spin {ital sp} electrons per average atom is proposed for amorphous iron-metalloid alloys. In this way an improved matching of the measured magnetic moment dependence on composition is achieved for Fe alloys with B and/or P as metalloids. Comparison of theory with experiment shows that amorphous Fe-P alloys tend to be magnetically rather strong, whereas their Fe-B counterparts are weak itinerant ferromagnets in almost the entire range of compositions.

Sostarich, M. (Institut fuer Werkstoffe der Elektrotechnik, Ruhr-Universitaet, Postfach 102148, D-4630 Bochum, West Germany (DE))

1990-05-01

216

Career of the Month: An Interview With Aeronautical Engineer Paul Moller  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Engineers are inventors, designers, and creators--they apply science, math, and imagination to make dreams a reality. As they work to craft technical solutions to consumer and societal needs, engineers bridge the gap between scientific ideas and commercial applications. The subfield of aeronautical engineering involves designing, developing, testing, and overseeing the building of flight-capable machines, such as aircrafts and spacecrafts. For the past 40 years, aeronautical engineer Paul Moller has been working to make his dream--a flying car--take off.

Sullivan, Megan

2008-11-01

217

Annie Paul - \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

In contemporary Jamaica, funerals increasingly revolve around fantasy coffins and designer caskets. This paper attempts to marshal visual and textual information describing recent developments in Jamaican funerals with a view to recording attempts by the Jamaican underclasses to produce prestige for themselves in the face of an ever-effacing violence.

Annie Paul

2007-01-01

218

Temperature measurement of 6He + ions confined in a transparent Paul trap  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The LPCTrap setup is a transparent Paul trap dedicated to the measurement of the ?- ? correlation coefficient a ?? in the ? decay of trapped radioactive nuclides. In a first experiment, the system has been used to record ˜105 coincidences between the ? particles and recoiling ions emitted from the decay of 6He + ions. The analysis of the collected data has already shown that the size of the 6He + ion cloud confined in the Paul trap is a critical parameter, potentially limiting the accuracy on the a ?? measurement. We report here the precise determination of the trapped ion cloud temperature and size. This was performed by extracting the trapped ions toward a position sensitive micro channel plate detector at different phases of the RF driving field. We find a temperature T exp = 0.107(7) eV, consistent with the temperature values inferred using two other observables but 20% higher than the temperature T sim = 0.09 eV predicted by realistic simulations of the ions interacting with the H2 buffer gas.

Fléchard, X.; Ban, G.; Durand, D.; Liénard, E.; Mauger, F.; Méry, A.; Naviliat-Cuncic, O.; Rodríguez, D.; Velten, P.

2011-07-01

219

Transverse Beam Compression by Adiabatic Waveform Changes in the Paul Trap Simulator Experiment (PTSX)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Paul Trap Simulator Experiment (PTSX) is a compact laboratory Paul trap that simulates a long, thin charged-particle bunch coasting through a kilometers-long magnetic alternating-gradient transport system by putting the physicist in the frame-of-reference of the beam. The transverse dynamics of particles in both systems are described by the same sets of equations -- including all nonlinear space-charge effects. Results are presented from experiments in which the amplitude and frequency of the applied confining voltage are adiabatically changed over time in order to transversely compress a beam with an initial depressed-tune ?/?0˜0.9. Emphasis is placed on determining the conditions that minimize emittance growth and the number of particles that are found at large radius (so-called halo particles) after the beam compression. It is found that increases of up to a factor of two in the lattice strength can be implemented in only four lattice periods. The results of PIC simulations performed with the WARP code agree well with the experimental data.

Gilson, E. P.; Chung, M.; Davidson, R. C.; Dorf, M.; Efthimion, P. C.; Majeski, R.; Startsev, E. A.

2006-10-01

220

[A little known great botanist of indochinese flora: Paul Louis Simond].  

PubMed

Alongside his brilliant scientific and administrative career, Paul Louis Simond, a famous colonial doctor, was also an observer of nature and excellent botanist. Following in the tradition begun two centuries earlier by medical doctors and pharmacists in the marine and army health services, Paul Louis Simond showed particularly interest in the family of Indichenese orchids during the third visit he made to the country in 1914-1917, while he was inspector of the health service. There remain a splendid collection of 226 watercolours depicting the different species of orchids which he had painted by a local artist on live model he was cultivating himself or had had sent to him from all over Indochina both officially and privately. Most of the plates he determined himself, accompanying them by a thorough and exact hand-written description of the floral organs allowing their identification. His knowledge in the area was worthy of a professional and he contributed largely to the botanical description of a region which is still far from being completed. Whilst the plates in the collection are of unequal scientific value (sometimes they are unfinished or without a detailed floral description, or they are copies of already existing plates), the greater part (160) constitutes a considerable original contribution to the knowledge of Indochinese orchidological flora (21 types). The entire collection was bequeathed in 1947 to the laboratoire of Phanérogamie of the Muséum National d'Histoire naturelle, where it can be consulted by scholars. PMID:11000947

Morat, P

1999-12-01

221

Sea level at Saint Paul Island, southern Indian Ocean, from 1874 to the present  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A data archeology exercise was carried out on sea level observations recorded during the transit of Venus across the Sun observed in 1874 from Saint Paul Island (38°41'S, 77°31 E) in the southern Indian Ocean. Historical (1874) and recent (1994-2009) sea level observations were assembled into a consistent time series. A thorough check of the data and its precise geodetic connection to the same datum was only possible thanks to the recent installation of new technologies (GPS buoy and radar water level sensor) and leveling campaigns. The estimated rate of relative sea level change, spanning the last 135 years at Saint Paul Island, was not significantly different from zero (-0.1 ± 0.3 mm yr-1), a value which could be reconciled with estimates of global average sea level rise for the 20th century assuming the DORIS vertical velocity estimate at Amsterdam Island (100 km distant) could be applied to correct for the land motion at the tide gauge. Considering the scarcity of long-term sea level data in the Southern Hemisphere, the exercise provides an invaluable additional observational constraint for further investigations of the spatial variability of sea level change, once vertical land rates can be determined.

Testut, L.; Miguez, B. Martin; WöPpelmann, G.; Tiphaneau, P.; Pouvreau, N.; Karpytchev, M.

2010-12-01

222

Our perception of the mast cell from Paul Ehrlich to now  

PubMed Central

Just over a century ago Paul Ehrlich received the Nobel Prize for his studies of immunity. This review describes one of his legacies, the histochemical description of the mast cell, and the research that has ensued since then. After a long period of largely descriptive studies, which revealed little about the biological role of the mast cell, the field was galvanized in the 1950s by the recognition that the mast cell was the main repository of histamine and a key participant in anaphylactic reactions. Although the mast cell was long-viewed in these terms, recent research has now shown that the mast cell also plays a key role in innate and adaptive immune responses, autoimmune disease, and possibly tissue homeostasis by virtue of its expression of a diverse array of receptors and biologically active products. In addition, the responsiveness of mast cells to immunological and pathological stimulants is highly modulated by the tissue cytokine environment and by synergistic, or inhibitory, interactions among the various mast cell receptor systems. This once enigmatic cell of Paul Ehrlich has proved to be both adaptable and multifunctional.

Beaven, Michael A.

2010-01-01

223

Use of a Linear Paul Trap to Study Random Noise-Induced Beam Degradation in High-Intensity Accelerators  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A random noise-induced beam degradation that can affect intense beam transport over long propagation distances has been experimentally studied by making use of the transverse beam dynamics equivalence between an alternating-gradient (AG) focusing system and a linear Paul trap system. For the present studies, machine imperfections in the quadrupole focusing lattice are considered, which are emulated by adding small random noise on the voltage waveform of the quadrupole electrodes in the Paul trap. It is observed that externally driven noise continuously produces a nonthermal tail of trapped ions, and increases the transverse emittance almost linearly with the duration of the noise.

Chung, Moses; Gilson, Erik P.; Davidson, Ronald C.; Efthimion, Philip C.; Majeski, Richard

2009-04-01

224

Moral Perception and Judgment and a Truly Radical Change of Social Practices: A Reply to Paul Standish's "Registers of the Religious"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents the author's response to Paul Standish's "Registers of the Religious". Addressing what he calls the "global", Paul Standish starts from MacIntyre's observation that people live in a world characterized by a vocabulary of value whose purchase on life is no longer authentically experienced: "MacIntyre's diagnosis of the…

Smeyers, Paul

2012-01-01

225

Music for Citizenship: A Commentary on Paul Woodford's "Democracy and Music Education--Liberalism, Ethics, and the Politics of Practice"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author engages in a lively interactive discussion with Paul Woodford's text, "Democracy and Music Education." He questions Woodford's criticism of Praxial Music Education (PME)--particularly his dismissal of PME as a "performance alone" notion. PME, this author asserts, is fundamentally multidimensional, contextually reflexive…

Elliott, David J.

2008-01-01

226

Intersecting Global and Local: Spatial Analysis of Ethnicities of Asian Businesses in the Minneapolis-Saint Paul Metro Area  

Microsoft Academic Search

The changing nature of immigration to the United States and changes in the morphology of American cities challenge traditional theories of ethnic entrepreneurship as a means of success in assimilating into American society. This study, based on data of over 800 businesses in the Minneapolis-Saint Paul area, finds that specific Asian ethnic groups demonstrate distinctive patterns, which often do not

Grace Emiko Guthe

2006-01-01

227

I Hear America Humming and It Is out of Tune: Review of Paul G. Woodford's "Democracy and Music Education"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the author's critique on Paul G. Woodford's positions with regard to music education and the notion of liberal democracy. The author seeks to broaden the contextual/historical scholarship around John Dewey and makes it clear that liberalism is a contested concept, as is democracy. He calls for contemporary responses to…

Peters, Michael A.

2008-01-01

228

Reconfigurations of the American Sublime in the Fiction of Joan Didion, Don DeLillo and Paul Auster  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation examines the fiction of three contemporary American writers – Joan Didion, Don DeLillo and Paul Auster – who interrogate the legacy of the American sublime in its contemporary configurations and reconfigurations. The texts that I have selected by each writer dramatize and question how and why the American sublime remains a fundamental way for American culture to conceptualize

James Collins

2012-01-01

229

Paul F-Brandwein 2004 Lecture: Regarding the Ecology of Science Education: Connections to Environmental and Distance Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Paul F-Brandwein was a visionary who looked at education broadly. He left us with an insightful view of the ecology of education in which he identified three ecological systems: school-family-community, postsecondary, and cultural. The first part of this lecture, by Dean B. Bennett, examines Brandwein's ideas related to environmental education…

Bennett, Sheila K.; Bennett, Dean B.

2004-01-01

230

Music for Citizenship: A Commentary on Paul Woodford's "Democracy and Music Education--Liberalism, Ethics, and the Politics of Practice"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author engages in a lively interactive discussion with Paul Woodford's text, "Democracy and Music Education." He questions Woodford's criticism of Praxial Music Education (PME)--particularly his dismissal of PME as a "performance alone" notion. PME, this author asserts, is fundamentally multidimensional, contextually…

Elliott, David J.

2008-01-01

231

Environmental Regulatory Requirements of Hot Water District Heating Systems in the Minneapolis-St. Paul Metropolitan Area.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A study was made of the environmental regulatory requirements for implementing district heating/cogeneration in the Minneapolis - St. Paul Twin Cities area. Two district heating scenarios were assumed: (1) a 200 MW(t) hot water system using an existing po...

K. R. Cole D. L. Kinnear G. J. Heiting

1984-01-01

232

Paul's Appeal To the Emotions in 2 Corinthians 1.1-2.13; 7.5-16  

Microsoft Academic Search

The essay focuses attention on a neglected aspect in rhetorical analysis of Paul's epistles: the pathetic proofs, or appeals to the emotions. Following a sketch of the role of emotional appeals in the ancient theory of composition, criteria are delineated for identifying the pathetic proofs of a portion of canonical 2 Corinthians, the portion chosen according to the principle of

L. L. Welborn

2001-01-01

233

The Contributions of Paul Ehrlich to Pharmacology: A Tribute on the Occasion of the Centenary of His Nobel Prize  

Microsoft Academic Search

On the centenary of Paul Ehrlich’s Nobel Prize, this German researcher deserves to be remembered as a pioneer in a large number of scientific disciplines. As a result of his enthusiasm and scientific abilities, dedication, and contacts with other scientists of his time, he was able to make countless contributions in fields as diverse as histology, haematology, immunology, oncology, microbiology

Fèlix Bosch; Laia Rosich

2008-01-01

234

Implementation of Paul Revere: Tough as Nails, an Integrated Project-Based Course on Materials Science and History of Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Olin College sophomores participate in integrated course blocks that merge technical content with business, arts, humanities, and social science topics, allowing students to work on engineering projects that have broader implications than the purely technical. In this paper, we present Paul Revere: Tough as Nails, a multidisciplinary course block that combines an introductory materials science course with a history of

Jonathan Stolk; Robert Martello

2004-01-01

235

Human Rights--A Priority for Peace. Celebration of Pope Paul VI's 9th Annual Period of Peace.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1976 World Day of Peace booklet focuses on the arms race, as contrary to peace and human rights, as a positive weapon for peace. The booklet includes a five-week study outline and resources. Pope Paul VI selected "The Real Weapons of Peace" as the theme for the 1976 World Day of Peace. His emphasis on "real" weapons suggests that there exist…

Jennings, James R., Ed.; Rengel, Patricia L., Ed.

236

The Economic Impact of Ten Cultural Institutions on the Economy of the Minneapolis-St. Paul SMSA.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The impact on the economy of 10 cultural institutions in the Minneapolis-St. Paul area was determined by measuring their 1978 direct and indirect fianancial effects. The institutions are the Children's Theatre Company, Chimera Theatre, Cricket Theatre, Guthrie Theatre, Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minnesota Dance Theatre, Minnesota Orchestra,…

Cwi, David

237

Analysis of Paul Butler's Race-Based Jury Nullification and His Call to Black Jurors and the African American Community  

Microsoft Academic Search

Paul Butler argues that due to disparate impact on African Americans in the criminal justice system, African American jurors ought to exercise their right of nullification when there are African American defendants of nonviolent crimes. That is, they should refuse to convict these defendants in part to redress the racism and discrimination experienced by Blacks, and in part because Butler

Shari Collins-Chobanian

2009-01-01

238

The Obliteration of Truth by Management: Badiou, St. Paul and the Question of Economic Managerialism in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper considers the questions that Badiou's theory poses to the culture of economic managerialism within education. His argument that radical change is possible, for people and the situations they inhabit, provides a stark challenge to the stifling nature of much current educational debate. In "Saint Paul: The Foundation of Universalism",…

Strhan, Anna

2010-01-01

239

The Myth of the ‘Traditional View of Paul’ and the Role of the Apostle in Modern Jewish-Christian Polemics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the first of two related studies of Jewish approaches to the apostle Paul. The context of the first is that of Jewish-Christian dialogue, while the context of the second is that of intra-Jewish ideological debate. Rarely mentioned by Jewish writers before the nineteenth century, the Apostle to the Gentiles took his place as the Great Apostate in the

Daniel R. Langton

2005-01-01

240

Did Paul Kammerer discover epigenetic inheritance? A modern look at the controversial midwife toad experiments.  

PubMed

The controversy surrounding the alleged Lamarckian fraud of Paul Kammerer's midwife toad experiments has intrigued generations of biologists. A re-examination of his descriptions of hybrid crosses of treated and nontreated toads reveals parent-of-origin effects like those documented in epigenetic inheritance. Modification of the extracellular matrix of the egg as described by Kammerer provides a plausible cause for altered gene methylation patterns. Traits such as altered egg and adult body size in Kammerer's "treated" toads are inherited epigenetically in other tetrapods. A preliminary model involving the environmental silencing of a maternally inherited allele can be attempted to explain the midwife toad experiments. Given available molecular tools and our current understanding of epigenetics, new experimentation with the midwife toad is strongly encouraged. PMID:19731234

Vargas, Alexander O

2009-11-15

241

[Paul Konitzer (1894-1947): hygienist, physician, social medicine and health politician].  

PubMed

Paul Konitzer was one of the outstanding and well-known physicians in the years after the World War II in East-Germany. THe paper describes his professional way as hygienist, social medical, municipal physician and last but not least as health politician in the times of four different political regimes: the imperial era in Germany till 1918, the time of "Weimarer Republic" till 1933, the Nazi dictatorship till 1945 and the early years in the Soviet occupation zone of Germany. The life of Konitzer is a typical example of the fate of a German doctor in the first half of the 20th century. Konitzer was arrested in February 1947 by the Soviet Military Government in Berlin in connection with some political troubles and reproach with a typhus epidemic in a German camp for Russian Prisoners of War in the Nazi era. On April 22nd 1947 he died in prison of Dresden by suicide without condemnation. PMID:15584170

Schneck, Peter

2004-01-01

242

Linear Paul trap design for an optical clock with Coulomb crystals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on the design of a segmented linear Paul trap for optical clock applications using trapped ion Coulomb crystals. For an optical clock with an improved short-term stability and a fractional frequency uncertainty of 10-18, we propose 115In+ ions sympathetically cooled by 172Yb+. We discuss the systematic frequency shifts of such a frequency standard. In particular, we elaborate on high-precision calculations of the electric radiofrequency field of the ion trap using the finite element method. These calculations are used to find a scalable design with minimized excess micromotion of the ions at a level at which the corresponding second-order Doppler shift contributes less than 10-18 to the relative uncertainty of the frequency standard.

Herschbach, N.; Pyka, K.; Keller, J.; Mehlstäubler, T. E.

2012-06-01

243

Persistence rates and detection probabilities of oiled king eider carcasses on St Paul Island, Alaska  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Following an oil spill off St Paul Island, Alaska in February 1996, persistence rates and detection probabilities of oiled king eider (Somateria spectabilis) carcasses were estimated using the Cormack-Jolly-Seber model. Carcass persistence rates varied by day, beach type and sex, while detection probabilities varied by day and beach type. Scavenging, wave action and weather influenced carcass persistence. The patterns of persistence differed on rock and sand beaches and female carcasses had a different persistence function than males. Weather, primarily snow storms, and degree of carcass scavenging, diminished carcass detectability. Detection probabilities on rock beaches were lower and more variable than on sand beaches. The combination of persistence rates and detection probabilities can be used to improve techniques of estimating total mortality.

Fowler, A. C.; Flint, P. L.

1997-01-01

244

Identification of the remains of John Paul Jones: a look at early methods.  

PubMed

The remains of the American revolutionary naval hero, John Paul Jones, were buried in Paris following his death on July 18, 1792. The cemetery was abandoned and the area replaced with private homes. Thus, the remains were obscured until 1905, when the United States Ambassador to France, General Horace Porter, took steps to locate the remains. The identification was carried out by a French team of medical and anthropology experts. The use of a sculpted bust of Jones superimposed on a picture of a similar position of the head proved to be a confirming point which, together with secondary confirmatory points, aided the positive identification of the body. This is perhaps one of the earliest recorded use of this technique in identification. PMID:7051816

Eckert, W G

1982-06-01

245

Investigation of the electrostatic charging of dust particles in a Paul-trap  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dust particles (glass, tungsten, and nickel) with sizes ranging from 0.25 to 3 microns were levitated in a Paul-trap and charged by ions or electrons. For ions the particle potential is limited at field strength of about 1 x 10 to the 9th V/m by a temperature-dependent discharge mechanism. The particles interaction with 2 to 20 keV electrons always leads to positive surface potentials which can be explained in terms of a decreased absorption of electrons by small particles. Micrometer sized agglomerates were used for the investigation of the electrostatic fragmentation. Fragmentation takes place in a twofold manner: small surface 'fluff' can be removed or the parent particle can be disrupted into smaller agglomerates.

Pinter, S.; Svestka, J.; Gruen, E.

1990-09-01

246

USDA Forest Service-St. Paul Field Office: How to Publications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the USDA Forest Service's St. Paul Field Office, this website offers a collection of instructive, online publications (first mentioned in the January 21, 2005 NSDL Scout Report for Life Sciences) that "are written for homeowners, land managers and others who want to know more about how to care for trees." The publications provide information about dealing with a number of diseases and other threats to a variety of tree types including Jack Pine, Oak, White Pine, Aspen, Basswood, Sugar Maple, and more. Examples of the more than 30 publication titles include How to Identify and Control Leaf Spot Diseases of Black Walnut; How to Identify and Manage Dutch Elm Disease; How to Identify, Prevent, and Control Oak Wilt; How to Control Sapstreak Disease of Sugar Maple; and more. Several of the publications are available in pdf as well.

247

Control of Screening of a Charged Particle in Electrolytic Aqueous Paul Trap  

SciTech Connect

Individual charged particles could be trapped and confined in the combined radio-frequency and DC quadrupole electric field of an aqueous Paul trap. Viscosity of water improves confinement and extends the range of the trap parameters which characterize the stability of the trap. Electrolyte, if present in aqueous solution, may screen the charged particle and thus partially or fully suppress electrophoretic interaction with the applied filed, possibly reducing it to a generally much weaker dielectrophoretic interaction with an induced dipole. Applying molecular dynamics simulation we show that the quadrupole field has a different affects at the electrolyte ions and at much heavier charged particle, effectively eliminating the screening effect and reinstating the electrophoretic confinement.

Park, Jae Hyun nmn [ORNL; Krstic, Predrag S [ORNL

2011-01-01

248

Universal heating curve of damped Coulomb plasmas in a Paul trap  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A charged-particle cloud in a Paul trap is a nonlinear system that exhibits deterministic heating, i.e., conversion of energy provided by the radio-frequency (rf) drive of the trap into the disordered, gaslike motions of the trapped particles. In the presence of weak damping clouds reach an equilibrium state in which heating and cooling balance. For large damping, a cloud may collapse into a crystal. While the rf heating power of a given cloud depends sensitively on its particle number, its equilibrium size, the damping, and the control parameters of the trap, we find that scaling the heating power of the cloud with respect to its associated Coulomb-decoupled, non-interacting-gas state, and its equilibrium size with respect to its crystal size, results in a single, universal heating curve, independent of particle number and trap control parameters.

Tarnas, J. D.; Nam, Y. S.; Blümel, R.

2013-10-01

249

Paul Trap Simulator Experiment to Model Intense Beam Propagation in Alternating-gradient Transport Systems  

SciTech Connect

The results presented here demonstrate that the Paul Trap Simulator Experiment (PTSX) simulates the propagation of intense charged particle beams over distances of many kilometers through magnetic alternating-gradient (AG) transport systems by making use of the similarity between the transverse dynamics of particles in the two systems. Plasmas have been trapped that correspond to normalized intensity parameters s = wp2 (0)/2wq2 * 0.8, where wp(r) is the plasmas frequency and wq is the average transverse focusing frequency in the smooth-focusing approximation. The measured root-mean-squared (RMS) radius of the beam is consistent with a model, equally applicable to both PTSX and AG systems that balances the average inward confining force against the outward pressure-gradient and space-charge forces. The PTSX device confines one-component cesium ion plasmas for hundreds of milliseconds, which is equivalent to over 10 km of beam propagation.

Erik P. Gilson; Ronald C. Davidson; Philip C. Efthimion; Richard Majeski

2004-01-29

250

A Precision Measurement of the ?-? Angular Correlation in ^8Li with the Argonne ?-decay Paul Trap  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Precise measurements of the ?-? angular correlation coefficient, a, provide information on the presence of possible exotic couplings in the weak interaction. In the ?-decay of ^8Li to ^8Be^* and subsequent breakup into two alpha particles, the large Q value and the ?-?-? correlation provide enhanced sensitivity to any potential tensor coupling. In an initial measurement using the ?-decay Paul Trap (BPT) at Argonne National Laboratory 2 x10^4 ?-?-? coincidences were detected and a value of a was inferred that places an upper limit of 1.5% on any tensor contribution. The BPT has since been upgraded with improved double-sided silicon strip detectors---including finer segmentation, thinner dead layers, and thicker active silicon---along with new plastic scintillators to kinematically over-determine the decay. We will discuss the results from recent experiments where more than 4 x10^5 ?-?-? coincidences were measured.

Sternberg, Matthew G.

2012-10-01

251

Impact assessment report: R. Paul Smith Steam Electric Station aquatic monitoring program. Volume I. Text  

SciTech Connect

This document is a summary and interpretation of findings from aquatic monitoring studies that have been conducted since 1976 at the site of the R. Paul Smith Steam Electric Station on the upper Potomac River. The report gives an overview of all the studies, summarizes major findings, and presents conclusions about the impact of plant operations on the lotic ecosystem. More detailed descriptions of individual studies (e.g., methods, analyses, results) are presented in Appendices A through D (Volume II), wherein studies are grouped by similar topics: A -- physical and chemical variables, B -- periphyton, C -- benthic macroinvertebrates, and D -- finfish. These appendices include all study findings deemed relevant to the assessment of plant impact.

Janicki, A.J.; Johnson, G.F.; Summers, J.K.; Smith, R.P.; Ross, R.N.

1981-06-01

252

Potential for gas storage in mined cavern near Minneapolis-St. Paul  

SciTech Connect

Because geological conditions around the weather-sensitive Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn., area have thwarted plans for a high-delivery underground gas storage facility, Northern has considered an unconventional alternative - excavating a deep cavern in competent rock. A 1975 technoeconomic study included continuous coring of the dense Precambrian igneous rock at 755-3986 ft depths. The updated construction-time and cost estimates, which cover cycle gas capacities of 2 billion and 5 billion CF, both at 2550 and 4050 ft, showed that (1) cycling the facility more than once in a season would reduce the investment cost per 1000 CF as well as the cost of service and (2) locating the facility in shallower rock and near an existing compression station would minimize construction, pipeline, and compressor costs.

Martinson, E.V.; Loofbourow, R.L.

1980-01-01

253

USDA Forest Service-St. Paul Field Office: Silvics of North America  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Internet continues to evolve as a global library, allowing free and easy public access to an increasing number of valuable documents. One such treasure, found in the archives of the USDA Forest Service St. Paul Field Office website, is _ Silvics of North America_, a substantial publication describing "the silvical characteristics of about 200 conifers and hardwood trees in the coterminous United States, Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico. Individual articles were researched and written by knowledgeable Forest Service, university, and cooperating scientists." The publication is intended to be useful to foresters, educators, and researchers both for teaching purposes, and as a reference. Based on an earlier manual published in 1965, _ Silvics of North America_ was published in 1990, and required a decade to finish. In addition to tree information, the document includes checklists for organisms causing tree diseases, insects and mites, birds, and mammals.

254

Paul Broca's less heralded contributions to aphasia research. Historical perspective and contemporary relevance.  

PubMed

In addition to discovering the dominant role of the left hemisphere for language and describing what is now known as Broca's aphasia, Paul Broca made other insightful, but less well-recalled, aphasiologic observations. He distinguished symptoms of Wernicke's aphasia five years before Carl Wernicke's famous monograph, and he was the first to exploit the surgical relevance of language localization. Broca investigated the anatomic substrate of language laterality by comparing the relative weights of the two hemispheres and the two frontal lobes. He considered language lateralization from a developmental point of view and in relation to handedness. A relatively small portion of Broca's prodigious scientific career was devoted to the study of aphasia, but his seminal work encompasses a number of issues of contemporary concern. PMID:3521554

Henderson, V W

1986-06-01

255

Paul Fritts and company, organ builders: The evolution of the mechanical-action organ in the United States during the 20th century with historical emphasis on the instruments of Paul Fritts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Paul Fritts is known internationally as a builder of mechanical-action pipe organs based on historical models of the 17th and 18 th centuries. He is one of a number of contemporary builders who have researched renaissance and baroque organs as a point of departure for their designs. As builders have returned to antique models to inform their craft, they have debated the importance of certain aspects of classical design. Included here is discussion of some aspects of design with regard to Fritts and other important mechanical-action organbuilders. Topics of discussion include the significance of pipe metals, temperaments and tunings, key action and case design. Some of the professional debate is scientific, other is subjective and very emotional. This dissertation explores the work of Paul Fritts and chronicles his contribution. Biographical information is included.

Still, Tamara G.

256

The comparative sedimentology of the Bahama type shelf carbonates of the middle Ordovician St. Paul group of the central Appalachians  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The lower Middle Ordovician St. Paul Group of Maryland and southern Pennsylvania is a 200 meter thick carbonate platform deposit which consists of the Row Park and New Market Formations. Within the group six facies, defined by suites of sedimentary structures, faunal assemblages, and early diagenetic features, are arranged in a large scale regressive - transgressive sequence as follows: lowermost fenestral micrites - Facies I; skeletal packstones - Facies IA; lower laminated facies - Facies II; stromatolitic facies - Facies III; upper laminated facies - Facies IV; structureless micrites - Facies V. A close comparison of the features of this ancient deposit with descriptions of modern sediments deposited on the tidal flats of northwest Andros Island and in the surrounding subtidal areas of the Bahama Banks indicate that the St. Paul Group was deposited in a similar setting i.e. a low "energy," rainy environment.

Mitchell, R. W., III

257

Ion-neutral-atom sympathetic cooling in a hybrid linear rf Paul and magneto-optical trap  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Long-range polarization forces between ions and neutral atoms result in large elastic scattering cross sections (e.g., ˜106a.u. for Na-Na+ or Na-Ca+ at cold and ultracold temperatures). This suggests that a hybrid ion-neutral trap should offer a general means for significant sympathetic cooling of atomic or molecular ions. We present simion 7.0 simulation results concerning the advantages and limitations of sympathetic cooling within a hybrid trap apparatus consisting of a linear rf Paul trap concentric with a Na magneto-optical trap (MOT). This paper explores the impact of various heating mechanisms on the hybrid system and how parameters related to the MOT, Paul trap, number of ions, and ion species affect the efficiency of the sympathetic cooling.

Goodman, D. S.; Sivarajah, I.; Wells, J. E.; Narducci, F. A.; Smith, W. W.

2012-09-01

258

Environmental regulatory requirements of hot water district heating systems in the Minneapolis-St. Paul metropolitan area  

SciTech Connect

A study was made of the environmental regulatory requirements for implementing district heating/cogeneration in the Minneapolis - St. Paul Twin Cities area. Two district heating scenarios were assumed: (1) a 200 MW(t) hot water system using an existing power plant as a heat source to serve the St. Paul central business district and the Capitol complex area; and (2) a regional 2600 MW(t) hot water system using existing power plants plus one new cogeneration unit to serve a large portion of the Twin Cities metropolitan area. All required environmental permits and authorizations were profiled and a flowchart was prepared to illustrate each process. Timelines were developed showing typical sequences of permitting and construction. The cost of compliance was estimated and overall application strategies were recommended. Suggested modifications to the regulatory process were also developed. 10 references, 40 figures, 1 table.

Cole, K.R.; Kinnear, D.L.; Heiting, G.J.

1984-05-01

259

First Results from the 0.7-meter Alumni Telescope at the Hawley Observatory of St. Paul's School  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 0.7-meter Alumni Telescope of the Lenore and Walter Hawley Observatory at St. Paul's School is operational. This optical telescope is located on campus in Concord, New Hampshire as part of a larger facility. We present the results of the initial commissioning exercises including photometry and polarimetry. The equipment and site are described. We envision developing the Alumni Telescope as a user facility with science observations beginning in the near future.

Hoffman, Ian M.; Cohen, B. J.; Pacelli, R. R., Jr.

2010-05-01

260

Toward a reliable and valid measure of institutional mission and values perception: the DePaul values inventory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Across three studies, the development of a reliable and valid measure of perceptions by students of an urban, private, faith?based teaching university's mission and values was assessed. Study 1 presented scale construction and reliability of the DePaul Values Inventory (DeVI) with undergraduates (n = 111), yielding a final 22?item rating scale with four subscales. Study 2 supported the psychometric structure

Joseph R. Ferrari; Shaun E. Cowman

2004-01-01

261

Buffer-gas-cooled ion clouds in a classical Paul trap: superimposed stability diagrams and trapping capacity investigations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ion clouds of different species and variable size are stored in a 3D Paul trap and detected after extraction from the trap. We report on measurements of the superimposed stability regions of four simultaneously stored ion species. We determine the operating conditions for trapping capacity under variation of buffer gas pressure and observe space charge shifts for a specific ion in the presence of other elements.

Leuthner, H.; Werth, G.

2013-10-01

262

A new facility for fundamental particle physics: The high-intensity ultracold neutron source at the Paul Scherrer Institute  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The fundamental properties of the neutron can be studied in detail using ultracold neutrons (UCN) which can be stored and observed for hundreds of seconds. A new user facility providing ultracold neutrons for fundamental physics research has been constructed at the Paul Scherrer Institute, the PSI UCN source. Assembly of the facility finished in December 2010 with the first production of ultracold neutrons. The layout of the source and its operation are briefly discussed.

Lauss, Bernhard; UCN Project Team

2012-04-01

263

Impact assessment report: R. Paul Smith Steam Electric Station aquatic monitoring program. Volume II. Appendices. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This document is a summary and interpretation of findings from aquatic monitoring studies that have been conducted since 1976 at the site of the R. Paul Smith Steam Electric Station on the upper Potomac River. Because the studies are very diverse and most of the findings are in numerous unpublished reports, this report serves as a compendium of results and also integrates the findings into a meaningful assessment of plant effects.

Janicki, A.J.; Johnson, G.F.; Summers, J.K.; Smith, R.P.; Ross, R.N.

1981-06-01

264

Toward a Theory of Yere Wolo: Michelle Cliff's Abeng and Paule Marshall's Brown Girl Brownstones as Coming of Age Narratives  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study, using Michelle Cliff’s Abeng and Paule Marshall’s Brown Girl Brownstones, explores these novels as coming of age narratives that challenge the bildungsroman genre and these novels are therefore placed in a new theoretical model termed Yere-wolo. Cliff and Marshall illuminate the need for a reevaluation of the bildungsroman genre. The construction of, Toward a Theory of Yere-wolo, emerges

Naimah Hanan Ford

2002-01-01

265

Concepts of development and the Rorschach: the contributions of Paul Lerner and John Exner in historical context.  

PubMed

The Rorschach Test has been approached from 3 fundamentally different developmental perspectives: those growing out of the empiricist tradition, psychoanalysis, and the developmental psychologies of Piaget and Werner. In this article, I highlight the distinctive characteristics of each perspective, explore how they have shaped approaches to Rorschach theory and practice, and examine the contributions of Paul Lerner and John Exner in this context. PMID:19085279

Leichtman, Martin

2009-01-01

266

Private Passions, Public Legacy: Paul Mellon's Personal Library at the University of Virginia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In May 2000, the University of Virginia Library received 447 rare books, manuscripts, and maps from the estate of Paul Mellon, well-known philanthropist but also an enthusiastic (and well-heeled) collector of books, especially Americana and original documents of American history. The Library has created the first full-scale public exhibition of these works and created a companion Website to showcase some of the highlights of this extraordinary collection. The online exhibit consists of digital images, mostly of letters, accompanied by explanatory paragraphs. The items are arranged in five chronological sections, from Exploring the New World to Slavery and Civil War. Also included are a number of Flash-driven interactive features, including maps and an online version of the Myriopticon (available via the Slavery and Civil War section), which is modeled after the mid-nineteenth-century stagings of larger-than-life moving panoramic scenes. Anyone interested in either American history or book collecting will certainly want to pay a visit.

2001-01-01

267

The lasting legacy of Paul Randall Harrington to pediatric spine surgery: historical vignette.  

PubMed

Spinal arthrodesis was the first successful treatment for scoliosis, performed by Dr. Russell A. Hibbs in 1911 and later by Dr. Fred H. Albee for tuberculosis. In 1914, Dr. H.P.H. Galloway and Dr. Hibbs began using the method to treat neuromuscular scoliosis in patients with poliomyelitis. However, this treatment approach was plagued by loss of deformity correction over time and high pseudarthrosis rates. The turning point in the operative management of spinal deformities began in 1947 with Dr. Paul Randall Harrington when he started a decade-long process to revolutionize surgical treatment of spinal deformities culminating in the advent of the Harrington Rod, the first successful implantable spinal instrumentation system. During the epoch that he was in practice, Dr. Harrington's achievement influenced the technology and art of spine surgery for his contemporaries and the coming generations of spine surgeons. The purpose of this article is to review the life of Dr. Harrington, and how he has arguably come to be known as "Father of the Modern Treatment of Scoliosis." PMID:23216320

Desai, Sohum K; Brayton, Alison; Chua, Valerie B; Luerssen, Thomas G; Jea, Andrew

2012-12-07

268

Multiple strains of Coxiella burnetii are present in the environment of St. Paul Island, Alaska.  

PubMed

In 2010, Coxiella burnetii was identified at a high prevalence in the placentas of Northern fur seals (Callorhinus ursinus) collected at a single rookery on St. Paul Island Alaska; an area of the United States where the agent was not known to be present. As contamination was hypothesized as a potential cause of false positives, but nothing was known about environmental C. burnetii in the region, an environmental survey was conducted to look for the prevalence and distribution of the organism on the island. While environmental prevalence was low, two strains of the organism were identified using PCR targeting the COM1 and IS1111 genes. The two strains are consistent with the organism that has been increasingly identified in marine mammals as well as a strain type more commonly found in terrestrial environments and associated with disease in humans and terrestrial animals. Further work is needed to elucidate information regarding the ecology of this organism in this region, particularly in association with the coastal environment. PMID:22747976

Duncan, C; Savage, K; Williams, M; Dickerson, B; Kondas, A V; Fitzpatrick, K A; Guerrero, J L; Spraker, T; Kersh, G J

2012-07-02

269

Molecular dynamics simulation study on trapping ions in a nanoscale Paul trap  

PubMed Central

We found by molecular dynamics simulations that a low energy ion can be trapped effectively in a nanoscale Paul trap in both vacuum and aqueous environment when appropriate AC/DC electric fields are applied to the system. Using the negatively charged chlorine ion as an example, we show that the trapped ion oscillates around the center of the nanotrap with the amplitude dependent on the parameters of the system and applied voltages. Successful trapping of the ion within nanoseconds requires electric bias of GHz frequency, in the range of hundreds of mV. The oscillations are damped in the aqueous environment, but polarization of water molecules requires application of higher voltage biases to reach improved stability of the trapping. Application of a supplemental DC driving field along the trap axis can effectively drive the ion off the trap center and out of the trap, opening a possibility of studying DNA and other charged molecules using embedded probes while achieving a full control of their translocation and localization in the trap.

Zhao, Xiongce; Krstic, Predrag S.

2012-01-01

270

Determination of Transverse Distributions of Ion Plasmas Confined in a Linear Paul Trap by Imaging Diagnostics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents a diagnostic method to measure the transverse distribution of an ion plasma confined in a linear Paul trap with a relatively large number of ions (˜107). The distribution of the plasma extracted from the trap is converted to a luminosity distribution using a microchannel plate (MCP) with a phosphor screen, and it is recorded with a charge-coupled device (CCD) camera. The linearity of the imaging system, which is the basis of the quantitative analyses, is ensured by correcting the saturation of MCP gain over a wide range of ion number. The correspondence between the density profile of an ion plasma in the trap and that at the MCP surface is examined by numerical simulation. The density profile in the trap can be reconstructed accurately from the observed luminosity distribution based on the linearity and the correspondence. Moreover, the transverse temperature and the tune depression can also be determined from the observed transverse density profile. The detailed measurement of the transverse plasma distribution is essential for the experimental study of various collective effects in space-charge-dominated beams using the ion trap. As an example of observations by the imaging diagnostic system, we also demonstrate the shrinking of the transverse plasma distribution by buffer-gas cooling.

Ito, Kiyokazu; Nakayama, Kenji; Ohtsubo, Shunsuke; Higaki, Hiroyuki; Okamoto, Hiromi

2008-10-01

271

[The Rostock chair of pharmacology under Paul Trendelenburg 1919-1923].  

PubMed

On May 15th 1919 the pharmacologist Paul Trendelenburg, son of the surgeon Friedrich Trendelenburg, was appointed head of the Department of Pharmacology and Physiological Chemistry at the University of Rostock. Though these days still saw the aftermath of World War I, faculty and administrational procedures were pursued in a surprisingly rapid and concise manner, so that less than two months were needed for the appointment. Despite the scarcity of funds and serious postwar inflation, Trendelenburg soon embarked on an ambitious experimental and publicational program, his methodology firmly resting on the physiological basis of any pharmacological finding. The Rostock years mark the completion of his work on adrenaline, he had started earlier when refining the preparation of the perfused frog hindquarters (the Trendelenburg preparation) in Walther Straub's laboratory at Freiburg i. Br. Trendelenburg's vigour and scientific productivity during his 4 years at Rostock can be easily inferred from his almost 400 pages of extensive reviews, separating facts from fiction. Rostock marks as well the beginning of his work on hormones. Trendelenburg's endocrinological work stands out for the development of sensitive bioassays for measuring calcium concentrations after thyroidectomy and for evaluating the oxytocic principle of the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland which not only made him alert the pharmaceutical industry to the insufficient quality of pituitary extracts on the market, but also led him to discover the principle of neurosecretion within the tuber cinereum of the hypothalamus. PMID:17333863

Beck, Thomas

2006-01-01

272

Death of John Paul II and the basic human care for the sick and the dying.  

PubMed

The death of Terri Schiavo by starvation and its sanction by some United States Courts indicates the alarming revival of the eugenics and euthanasia movement. From the legal sanction of physician-assisted suicide, the euthanasia movement now tries to advance the legal protection for "mercy killing." Terri was diagnosed with persistent vegetative state, a term that is outdated, vague and imprecise and that likens a human being to a vegetable. Medical literature indicates that patient with so-called "persistent vegetative state" can recover, and that they do experience pain. The euthanasia movement, linked to eugenics in its origin and present day influence in bioethics espouses the Nazi notion of "lives not worth living," unlimited patient autonomy, and philosophical utilitarianism. John Paul II countered the eugenic philosophy with the classical Western concept of man as the image and likeness of God, responsible for the care of himself and society as a whole. He taught in writing and by example that food and water are basic human care that every person should receive. In the last days of his life he showed a judicious use of proportionate or ordinary means to maintain life. He chose to forego disproportionate medical treatment when there was no reasonable hope of recovery. At that point he continued to receive ordinary medical care, together with basic human and spiritual care. PMID:16475275

Velez G, Juan R

2005-01-01

273

From chemotherapy to signal therapy (1909-2009): A century pioneered by Paul Ehrlich.  

PubMed

Paul Ehrlich (1854-1915), a German microbiologist who was awarded a 1908 Nobel Prize in Physiology/Medicine for his pioneer work on the antibody production, pioneered the modern chemotherapy by discovering his magic bullet for syphilis, called "606" or "Salvarsan" in 1909 with a Japanese young scientist, Sahachiro Hata (1873-1938) from "Denken" (Institute for Infectious Diseases, now called IMS for Institute for Medical Sciences) in Tokyo. His magic bullet was used to eradicate syphilis for more than a half century until a more safe and effective antibiotic called "Penicillin" was introduced to this world towards the end of WWII by Howard Florey (1898-1968). Celebrating this year the 100th anniversary of his discovery, this brief review will discuss how Ehrlich, now known as the Father of Chemotherapy, managed to design the first effective therapeutic for this then formidable sexually transmitted disease, which is equivalent to AIDS, HIV-infection, in the present century, and how so many new chemotherapeutics have been successfully developed during the past 100 years for other formidable diseases such as cancers and AIDS by his followers (microbe hunters and oncogene hunters) such as Alexander Fleming (1881-1955), Hamao Umezawa (1914-1986) and Brian Druker, culminating in the first signal therapeutics of cancers such as "Gleevec" that block the oncogenic signaling, around the turn of this century. PMID:22495475

Maruta, H

2009-04-01

274

How Christian ethics became medical ethics: the case of Paul Ramsey.  

PubMed

Over the last century Christian ethics has moved from an attempt to Christianize the social order to a quandary over whether being Christian unduly biases how medical ethics is done. This movement can be viewed as the internal development of protestant liberalism to its logical conclusion, and Paul Ramsey can be taken as one of the last great representatives of that tradition. By reducing the Christian message to the 'ethical upshot' of neighbour love, Ramsey did not have the resources to show how Christian practice might make a difference for understanding or forming the practice of medicine. Instead, medicine became the practice that exemplified the moral commitments of Christian civilization, and the goal of the ethicist was to identify the values that were constitutive of medicine. Ramsey thus prepared the way for the Christian ethicist to become a medical ethicist with a difference, and the difference simply involved vague theological presumptions that do no serious intellectual work other than explaining, perhaps, the motivations of the ethicist. PMID:11652925

Hauerwas, Stanley

1995-03-01

275

Experimental Simulations of Intense Beam Propagation Over Large Distances in a Compact Linear Paul Trap  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Paul Trap Simulator Experiment (PTSX) is a compact laboratory experiment that places the physicist in the frame-of-reference of a long, charged-particle bunch coasting through a kilometers-long magnetic alternating-gradient (AG) transport system. The transverse dynamics of particles in both systems are described by the same set of equations, including nonlinear space-charge effects. The time-dependent voltages applied to the PTSX quadrupole electrodes are equivalent to the axially-oscillating magnetic fields applied in the AG system. Experiments concerning the quiescent propagation of intense beams over large distances can then be performed in a compact and flexible facility. An understanding and characterization of the conditions required for quiescent beam transport, minimum halo particle generation, and precise beam compression and manipulation techniques, are essential, as accelerators and transport systems demand that ever-increasing amounts of space-charge be transported. Application areas include ion-beam-driven high energy density physics, high energy and nuclear physics accelerator systems, etc. One-component cesium plasmas have been trapped in PTSX that correspond to normalized beam intensities, s, up to 80% of the limit where the self-electric forces would destroy the transverse confinement. Plasmas in PTSX have been trapped with twice the value of s to be employed in the Spallation Neutron Source, corresponding to equivalent beam propagation over 20 km. Results are presented for experiments in which the amplitude of the quadrupole focusing lattice is modified as a function of time. It is found that beams can be transversely compressed by a gradual increase in quadrupole lattice amplitude that takes place over only 15 lattice periods. Instantaneous changes in lattice amplitude are quite detrimental to transverse confinement of the charge bunch.

Gilson, Erik

2005-10-01

276

Experimental simulations of beam propagation over large distances in a compact linear Paul trap  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Paul Trap Simulator Experiment (PTSX) is a compact laboratory experiment that places the physicist in the frame of reference of a long, charged-particle bunch coasting through a kilometers-long magnetic alternating-gradient (AG) transport system. The transverse dynamics of particles in both systems are described by similar equations, including nonlinear space-charge effects. The time-dependent voltages applied to the PTSX quadrupole electrodes are equivalent to the axially oscillating magnetic fields applied in the AG system. Experiments concerning the quiescent propagation of intense beams over large distances can then be performed in a compact and flexible facility. An understanding and characterization of the conditions required for quiescent beam transport, minimum halo particle generation, and precise beam compression and manipulation techniques, are essential, as accelerators and transport systems demand that ever-increasing amounts of space charge be transported. Application areas include ion-beam-driven high energy density physics, high energy and nuclear physics accelerator systems, etc. One-component cesium plasmas have been trapped in PTSX that correspond to normalized beam intensities, ?=?p2(0)/2?q2, up to 80% of the space-charge limit where self-electric forces balance the applied focusing force. Here, ?p(0)=[nb(0)eb2/mb?0]1/2 is the on-axis plasma frequency, and ?q is the smooth-focusing frequency associated with the applied focusing field. Plasmas in PTSX with values of ? that are 20% of the limit have been trapped for times corresponding to equivalent beam propagation over 10 km. Results are presented for experiments in which the amplitude of the quadrupole focusing lattice is modified as a function of time. It is found that instantaneous changes in lattice amplitude can be detrimental to transverse confinement of the charge bunch.

Gilson, Erik P.; Chung, Moses; Davidson, Ronald C.; Dorf, Mikhail; Efthimion, Philip C.; Majeski, Richard

2006-05-01

277

The CEO as organizational architect: an interview with Xerox's Paul Allaire. Interview by Robert Howard.  

PubMed

As chairman and CEO of the Xerox Corporation, Paul Allaire leads a company that is a microcosm of the changes transforming American business. With the introduction of the first plain-paper copier in 1959, Xerox invented a new industry and launched itself on a decade of spectacular growth. But easy growth led Xerox to neglect the fundamentals of its core business, leaving the company vulnerable to low-cost Japanese competition. Starting in the mid-1980s, Xerox embarked on a long-term effort to regain its dominant position in world copier markets and to create a new platform for future growth. Thanks to the company's Leadership through Quality program, Xerox became the first major U.S. company to win back market share from the Japanese. Allaire describes his efforts to take Xerox's corporate transformation to a new level. Since becoming CEO in 1990, he has repositioned Xerox as "the document company" at the intersection of the worlds of paper-based and electronic information. And he has guided the company through a fundamental redesign of what he calls the "organizational architecture" of Xerox's document processing business. Few CEOs have approached the process of organizational redesign as systematically and methodically as Allaire has. He has created a new corporate structure that balances independent business divisions with integrated R&D and customer operations organizations. He has redefined managerial roles and responsibilities, changed the way managers are selected and compensated, and renewed the company's senior management ranks. And he has articulated the new values and behaviors Xerox managers will need to thrive in a more competitive and fast-changing business environment. PMID:10121313

Allaire, P

278

Indian ridges, hotspots and interactions: Réunion-CIR and Amstersdam-St Paul-SEIR cases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent samples from the R/V Revelle cruise RR11Knox (2007) have completed the study by Nauret et al. (2006) based on the GIMNAUT cruise samples (2000) on the interaction areas between the Reunion plume and the Central Indian Ridge (CIR). He data (Füri et al. 2008) support what Nauret et al. suggested. i.e. there seems to be a flux of 3He enriched material through the off axis Three Magi and Gasitao ridges toward the south on the segment of the CIR involved in the interaction. Radiogenic isotopes establish that this material derives from the Reunion plume and traveled from the present position of the plume to the spreading axis. Witnesses of this transfer are the off axis ridges produced by melting of the underlying mantle through tension cracks in the lithosphere and maybe also the island of Rodrigues. Cruise Pluriel (2006) on the St Paul-Amsterdam plateau has completed cruise Boomerang 6 (1996) in investigating the off axis volcanism of the plateau. Isotope data on Boomerang samples along the spreading axis were published by Nicolaysen et al.(2007) and pointed out the complexity of the interaction between the ASP plume and the SEIR. Our new radiogenic isotope data establish a link between the seamount chain, the plateau and the islands. Subtle changes in composition are due to the two stages construction process of the plateau and seamounts. Some of them, highly alkaline, derive from lithospheric melting along tension cracks during a last phase of off axis magmatism on the Australian plate. In conclusion, in both locations, it appears that the construction of plateau and/or off axis ridges/seamounts is related to the level of activity of the plume that seems to pulse with time. Nicolaysen, K.P., et al. (2007), G3, 8(9), 24. Nauret, F., et al. (2006), Earth Planet. Sci. Let. 245, 137-152. Füri et al. (2008), InterRidge News, 17, 28-29.

Hémond, C.; Janin, M.; Füri, E.; Hilton, D.; Maia, M.; Dyment, J.

2009-04-01

279

Water Resources Outlook for the Minneapolis-Saint Paul Metropolitan Area, Minnesota  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The water resources were studied within an area whose natural ground-water flow is largely towards the center of the metropolitan area. This area coincides with the extent of the Hinckley Sandstone aquifer. Thus, the general geohydrology of the area bounded by the extent of the Hinckley Sandstone (about 6,000 square miles) as it relates to the hydrology of the Minneapolis-St. Paul metropolitan area is described. Greater emphasis is placed on the area underlain by the Prairie du Chien-Jordan aquifer (about 2,000 square miles), from which approximately 75 percent of the ground-water for the metropolitan area is pumped. The study indicates that the surface-water resources of the Twin Cities metropolitan area are used to such an extent that a supply adequate for domestic and industrial needs as well as power plant and sanitary effluent assimilation will not be available during severe drought. Ground-water is obtained primarily from two aquifer systems: The Prairie du Chien-Jordan and the Mount Simon-Hinckley. In 1970, these aquifers supplied about 90 percent (175 mgd) of the ground-water used in the metropolitan part of the study area. The probable level of development that can be sustained by these two aquifers in the metropolitan area is estimated to be 1,100 mgd; thus, substantial additional ground-water supplies could be developed. However, considerable management and planning would be needed to sustain this level of development. Maps in this report can be used to select general well-field locations based on consideration of 1) aquifer, 2) depth needed for completion, 3) head availability, 4) location of natural recharge and discharge boundaries, and 5) distance from areas where over-development of ground-water resources is imminent. Because of complexities in the ground-water system, yield estimates, boundary effects, and effects of aquifer interaction may best be determined in a study incorporating the use of a hydrologic model. Future detailed studies might include elaboration on some of the topics described in this report and the acquisition and interpretation of new data. Major items on which future work might focus are 1) data collection, 2) geohydrologic mapping, 3) hydraulic characteristics of subsurface geohydrologic units, 4) hydrology of lakes, and 5) hydrologic systems modeling.

Norvitch, R. F.; Ross, T. G.; Brietkrietz, Alex

1973-01-01

280

November 3, 2004: EDRN BDL Laboratories  

Cancer.gov

EDRN BDL Laboratories Investigator Institute Organ Site BIGBEE, WILLIAM L., PhD Universit y of Pittsbur g h Cancer Institute colon BLOCK, TIMOTHY M., PhD Drexel Universit y live r CAIRNS, PAUL, PhD Fox Chase Cancer Center kidne y CHINNAIYAN, ARUL M.,

281

Detection of linkage to affective disorders in the catalogued Amish pedigrees: A reply to Pauls et al.  

SciTech Connect

We have reported evidence for linkage of a region of chromosome 18 markers to affective illness in 22 bipolar (BP) pedigrees. The pedigree series included 21 US pedigrees collected by us and part of Amish pedigree 884 referred to as panel 3 in the catalog and also known as {open_quotes}the right extension.{close_quotes} The rest of 884 was never genotyped by us, because it did not fit the criteria for inclusion, as described elsewhere. Pauls et al. have recently studied whether this linkage can be detected in the entire catalogued Amish pedigrees (884 and 1075) in four of the marker loci reported. The authors conclude that the Amish data contain no significant susceptibility locus for BP illness in this region of chromosome 18. We find that the data published by Pauls et al. are not conclusive with regard to the presence or absence of any susceptibility locus under the nonparametric analyses presented, and, although the sample size is extremely small, it could also be interpreted as consistent with our findings. 17 refs., 1 tab.

Gershon, E.S.; Goldin, L.R.; Badner, J.A. [National Inst. of Mental Health, Bethesda, MD (United States); Berrettini, W.H. [Thomas Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, PA (United States)

1996-06-01

282

Hydrology of Lakes in the Minneapolis-Saint Paul Metropolitan Area: A Summary of Available Data Stored--Using a Data-Base Management System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Data were collected and summarized on the hydrology and hydrogeology of 949 lakes, 10 acres (4 hectares) or larger, in the Minneapolis-St. Paul metropolitan area, Minnesota. Eight tables totaling over 100 pages present data on location, depth, area, lake ...

M. S. McBride

1976-01-01

283

A Review of Class-Based Theories of Student Resistance in Education: Mapping the Origins and Influence of "Learning to Labor" by Paul Willis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the origins, influence, and contemporary understandings of class-based theories of student resistance in education, contributing to or emerging from "Learning to Labor" by Paul Willis. It reports the results of a review of the literature that discusses class-based student resistance and cites the seminal book. More than 500…

McGrew, Ken

2011-01-01

284

Interim final rules under the Paul Wellstone and Pete Domenici Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act of 2008. Interim final rules with request for comments.  

PubMed

This document contains interim final rules implementing the Paul Wellstone and Pete Domenici Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act of 2008, which requires parity between mental health or substance use disorder benefits and medical/surgical benefits with respect to financial requirements and treatment limitations under group health plans and health insurance coverage offered in connection with a group health plan. PMID:20352665

2010-02-01

285

Two Traditions in the Social Studies Curriculum for the Elementary Grades: The Textbooks of Paul R. Hanna and Harold O. Rugg  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the 1920s and 1930s, Paul R. Hanna and Harold O. Rugg developed new textbooks that integrated social studies curriculum in the elementary grades for the first time. Each author's curriculum; Hanna's expanding environments framework and Rugg's recurring concepts with a focus on contemporary issues has significantly impacted today's elementary…

Bisland, Beverly Milner

2009-01-01

286

Paul Goodman, 30 Years Later: "Growing Up Absurd"; "Compulsory Mis-Education, and The Community of Scholars"; and "The New Reformation"--A Retrospective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article is a retrospective account of the legacy of Paul Goodman's major educational works: "Growing Up Absurd"; "Compulsory Mis-education, and The Community of Scholars"; and "The New Reformation." It is argued here that what remains of interest in Goodman's work is to be found in the tropes and the anarchic Zeitgeist of his work. The…

Kaminsky, James S.

2006-01-01

287

Robustness test of a system of MSGC/+GEM detectors at the cyclotron facility of the Paul Scherrer institute  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A system of detector modules consisting of a large size Gas Electron Multiplier (GEM), coupled to Micro Strip Gas Counters (MSGC), has been exposed to a pion beam at the Paul Scherrer Institute Cyclotron facility. As part of a CMS tracker milestone, the aim of this test was to investigate the robustness of such detectors when exposed to experimental conditions close to what is expected at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) of CERN. Eighteen detector modules have been operated at voltage settings corresponding to 98% detection efficiency for Minimum Ionizing Particles during a period of 5 weeks. Sparking rates and strip losses have been monitored throughout the exposure. An operation margin of at least a factor of three with respect to the required gas gain has been demonstrated.

Ageron, M.; Albert, A.; Barvich, T.; Beaumont, W.; Beckers, T.; Bernier, K.; Blüm, P.; Bouhali, O.; Boulogne, I.; Bouvet, D.; Brom, J. M.; Charles, F.; Coffin, J.; Contardo, D.; Daubie, E.; Didierjean, F.; Erdmann, M.; De Lentdecker, G.; Devroede, O.; De Troy, J.; Ernenwein, J. P.; Fahrer, M.; Flügge, G.; Fontaine, J. C.; Geist, W.; Goerlach, U.; Gottschalk, M.; Helleboid, J. M.; Huss, D.; Iacopi, F.; Kärcher, K.; Kühn, F.; Juillot, P.; Lounis, A.; Maazouzi, C.; Macke, D.; Martin, C.; Mirabito, L.; Moreau, S.; Müller, T.; Neuberger, D.; Nowack, A.; Perries, S.; Ripp-Baudot, I.; Röderer, F.; Schulte, R.; Shekhtman, L.; Simonis, H. J.; Struczinski, W.; Tatarinov, A.; Thümmel, W. H.; Udo, F.; Van Doninck, W.; Van Dyck, C.; Vander Velde, C.; Vanlaer, P.; Van Lancker, L.; Weiler, T.; Zander, A.; Zghiche, A.; Zhukov, V.

2001-10-01

288

ON THE MAKING OF A SYSTEM THEORY OF LIFE: PAUL A WEISS AND LUDWIG VON BERTALANFFY'S CONCEPTUAL CONNECTION  

PubMed Central

In this article, we review how two eminent Viennese system thinkers, Paul A Weiss and Ludwig von Bertalanffy, began to develop their own perspectives toward a system theory of life in the 1920s. Their work is especially rooted in experimental biology as performed at the Biologische Versuchsanstalt, as well as in philosophy, and they converge in basic concepts. We underline the conceptual connections of their thinking, among them the organism as an organized system, hierarchical organization, and primary activity. With their system thinking, both biologists shared a strong desire to overcome what they viewed as a “mechanistic” approach in biology. Their interpretations are relevant to the renaissance of system thinking in biology—“systems biology.” Unless otherwise noted, all translations are our own.

Drack, Manfred; Apfalter, Wilfried; Pouvreau, David

2010-01-01

289

Slater-Pauling behavior within quaternary intermetallic borides of the Ti3Co5B2 structure-type  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

First-principles, density-functional studies of several intermetallic borides of the general type M2M?Ru5-nRhnB2 (n=0-5; M=Sc, Ti, Nb; M?=Fe, Co) show that the variation in saturation magnetic moment with valence-electron count follows a Slater-Pauling curve, with a maximum moment occurring typically at 66 valence electrons. The magnetic moments in these compounds occur primarily from the 3d electrons of the magnetically active M? sites, with some contribution from the Ru/Rh sites via magnetic polarization. Electronic DOS curves reveal that a rigid-band approach is a reasonable approximation for the estimation of saturation moments and the analysis of orbital interactions in this family of complex borides. COHP analyses of the M?-M? orbital interactions indicate optimized interactions in the minority spin states for Co-containing phases, but strong bonding interactions remaining in Fe-containing phases.

Burghaus, Jens; Dronskowski, Richard; Miller, Gordon J.

2009-10-01

290

Benign familial hypermobility syndrome and Trendelenburg sign in a painting "The Three Graces" by Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640)  

PubMed Central

Clinical features suggestive of hypermobility syndrome and a positive Trendelenburg sign are described in a painting "The Three Graces" (1638-1640) by Peter Paul Rubens, Prado, Madrid. The most obvious findings are scoliosis, positive Trendelenburg sign, and hyperextension of the metacarpal joints, hyperlordosis, and flat feet. The sitters, presumably Hélène Fourment (second wife of Rubens) and her sisters, support the hereditary familial aspect of hypermobility. Manifest hypermobility of the hand has also been found in two other ancient paintings: "Saint Cyriaque" in the Heller Retable by Mathias Grünewald (1450-1528), Frankfurt, and "The wounded man" by Gaspare Traversi, Venice (1732-1769). The finding of signs of hypermobility in ancient paintings shows that artists who are keen observers of nature could describe, or at least record, this condition long before doctors did. The art of the past can be a useful tool in the field of paleopathology.??

DEQUEKER, J

2001-01-01

291

Decay rate measurement of the first vibrationally excited state of MgH+ in a cryogenic Paul trap.  

PubMed

We present a method to measure the decay rate of the first excited vibrational state of polar molecular ions that are part of a Coulomb crystal in a cryogenic linear Paul trap. Specifically, we have monitored the decay of the |? = 1, J = 1)(X) towards the |? = 0, J = 0)(X) level in MgH+ by saturated laser excitation of the |? = 0, J = 2)(X)-|? = 1, J = 1)(X) transition followed by state selective resonance enhanced two-photon dissociation out of the |? = 0, J=2)(X) level. The experimentally observed rate of 6.32(0.69) s(-1) is in excellent agreement with the theory value of 6.13(0.03) s(-1) (this Letter). The technique enables the determination of decay rates, and thus absorption strengths, with an accuracy at the few percent level. PMID:23952392

Versolato, O O; Schwarz, M; Hansen, A K; Gingell, A D; Windberger, A; K?osowski, L; Ullrich, J; Jensen, F; Crespo López-Urrutia, J R; Drewsen, M

2013-07-30

292

Paul Trapping of Radioactive {sup 6}He{sup +} Ions and Direct Observation of Their {beta} Decay  

SciTech Connect

We demonstrate that abundant quantities of short-lived {beta} unstable ions can be trapped in a novel transparent Paul trap and that their decay products can directly be detected in coincidence. Low energy {sup 6}He{sup +} (807 ms half-life) ions were extracted from the SPIRAL source at GANIL, then decelerated, cooled, and bunched by means of the buffer gas cooling technique. More than 10{sup 8} ions have been stored over a measuring period of six days, and about 10{sup 5} decay coincidences between the beta particles and the {sup 6}Li{sup ++} recoiling ions have been recorded. The technique can be extended to other short-lived species, opening new possibilities for trap assisted decay experiments.

Flechard, X.; Lienard, E.; Mery, A.; Rodriguez, D.; Ban, G.; Durand, D.; Duval, F.; Herbane, M.; Labalme, M.; Mauger, F.; Naviliat-Cuncic, O.; Velten, Ph. [LPC-Caen, ENSICAEN, Universite de Caen, CNRS/IN2P3-ENSI, Caen (France); Thomas, J. C. [GANIL, CEA/DSM-CNRS/IN2P3, Caen (France)

2008-11-21

293

Biology of Grapsus grapsus (L innaeus, 1758) (Brachyura, Grapsidae) in the Saint Peter and Saint Paul Archipelago, Equatorial Atlantic Ocean  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Eleven expeditions were undertaken to the Saint Peter and Saint Paul Archipelago to study the reproductive biology of Grapsus grapsus, providing additional information on limb mutilation and carapace colour. MATURE software was used to estimate morphological maturity, while gonadal analyses were conducted to estimate physiological maturity. The puberty moult took place at larger size in males (51.4 mm of carapace length) than in females (33.8 mm), while physiological maturity occurred at a similar size in males (38.4 mm) and in females (33.4 mm). Above 50 mm, the proportion of red males increased in the population, indicating that functional maturity is also related to colour pattern. Small habitat and high local population density contributed to the high rate of cannibalism. The low diversity of food items, absence of predators of large crabs and high geographic isolation are the determinants of unique behavioural and biological characteristics observed in the G. grapsus population.

Freire, A. S.; Pinheiro, M. A. A.; Karam-Silva, H.; Teschima, M. M.

2011-09-01

294

Structural variants and the modified Slater-Pauling curve for transition-metal-based half-Heusler alloys  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We compare the physical differences between two atomic configurations, found in the literature, of the half-Heusler alloys--XMnY, where X is a transition-metal element and Y is a nonmetallic element. The structural differences arise from the placement of the X and Y atoms and the vacancy within the full-Heusler (L21) structure. In one configuration, Y and Mn are nearest neighbors and the vacancy is at (1/4,3/4,1/4)a (4d) while in the other configuration, X and Mn are nearest neighbors and the vacancy is located at (0,0,1/2)a (4b), where a is the lattice constant of face-centered cube. We suggest that the important difference between the two configurations is the identity of the transition-metal element nearest to the non-metal element. Physical properties, in particular the bonding features, reflect this difference. The general validity of the modified Slater-Pauling curve, which gives successful zeroth-order prediction of the magnetic moments of many half-Heusler alloys including CrMnSb in the second configuration, is tested in the six XMnY alloys studied here. Their calculated moments obey the predictions by the modified Slater-Pauling curve for positive moments only. Exceptions appear for predictions with negative moments. A simple and plausible physical reason is provided. Furthermore, the possibility of a non-ferromagnetic phase is examined and the energetics between the ferromagnetic and non-ferromagnetic phases are compared.

Shaughnessy, M.; Damewood, L.; Fong, C. Y.; Yang, L. H.; Felser, C.

2013-01-01

295

Lock and Dam Number 1 hydropower study, Mississippi River at Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota. Technical report  

SciTech Connect

This report determines the feasibility of adding hydropower generation to Lock and Dam Number 1, located on the Mississippi River in St. Paul, Minnesota. The existing project consists of a concrete Ambursen-type spillway section, two navigation locks on the right side of the river and an existing 14.4-mw hydro plant on the left side. The Corps owns and operates the dam and locks, while the Ford Motor Company owns and operates the hydro plant. This study shows that an additional powerplant can be built at the project that will more fully utilize the existing river flows. Four alternative powerplant locations were investigated. The selected powerplant will be 7.2-mw, single tubular unit, constructed at the spillway located near the existing powerplant. The new powerplant will produce 21.5 million kWh of annual generation. The total investment cost will be 11.5 million dollars. The project is economically feasibile with a benefit cost ratio of 1.12. The annual production cost will be 48 mills per kWh.

Not Available

1984-10-01

296

Studies of Emittance Growth and Halo Particle Production in Intense Charged Particle Beams Using the Paul Trap Simulator Experiment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Paul Trap Simulator Experiment (PTSX) is a compact laboratory experiment that places the physicist in the frame-of-reference of a long, charged-particle bunch coasting through a kilometers-long magnetic alternating-gradient (AG) transport system. The transverse dynamics of particles in both systems are described by the same set of equations, including nonlinear space-charge effects. The time-dependent voltages applied to the PTSX quadrupole electrodes are equivalent to the spatially-periodic magnetic fields applied in the AG system. The transverse emittance of the charge bunch, which is the area in the transverse phase space that the beam distribution occupies, is an important metric of beam quality. Maintaining low emittance is an important goal when defining AG system tolerances and when designing AG systems to perform beam manipulations such as transverse beam compression. Results will be presented from experiments in which white noise and colored noise of various amplitudes and durations has been applied to the PTSX electrodes. This noise is observed to drive continuous emittance growth over hundreds of lattice periods. Additional results will be presented from experiments that determine the conditions necessary to adiabatically reduce the charge bunch's transverse size. During adiabatic transitions, there is no change in the transverse emittance. The transverse compression can be achieved either by a gradual change in the PTSX voltage waveform amplitude or frequency.

Gilson, Erik

2009-11-01

297

Coulomb crystals in a cryogenic Paul trap for sympathetic cooling of molecular ions and highly charged ions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Electron beam ion traps used for spectroscopy of highly charged ions (HCI) produce a deep trapping potential leading to high temperatures of the stored ions, and thus limiting the achievable spectral resolution. A novel device at the Max-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik, the Cryogenic linear Paul Trap Experiment (CryPTEx), attached to an electron beam ion trap, provides a new experimental platform to overcome these limitations. The trap assembly operates at a temperature of 4 K and offers optical access for quantum manipulation and imaging of the trapped ions. Since forbidden optical transitions in HCI do not support direct laser cooling, sympathetic cooling with Coulomb crystals of singly charged ions such as Be+ or Mg+ will be applied in order to reach the natural linewidth of optical forbidden transitions in HCI of interest. With the added advantage of long ion trapping times resulting from residual gas pressures of H2 at 4 K below 10-15 mbar, CryPTEx has been commissioned in collaboration with the Ion Trap Group in A?rhus using rovibrationally cooled MgH+ ions. Strong suppression of the black body radiation at the trap center, ion storage times of about 28 hours, and largely enhanced population of the rovibrational ground state were achieved.

Windberger, A.; Schwarz, M.; Versolato, O. O.; Baumann, T.; Bekker, H.; Schmöger, L.; Hansen, A. K.; Gingell, A. D.; Klosowski, L.; Kristensen, S.; Schmidt, P. O.; Ullrich, J.; Drewsen, M.; Crespo López-Urrutia, J. R.

2013-03-01

298

Euthanasia and John Paul II's "silent language of profound sharing of affection:" why Christians should care about Peter Singer.  

PubMed

Peter Singer's recent appointment to Princeton University created considerable controversy, most of it focused on his proposal for active euthanasia of disabled infants. Singer articulates utilitarian ideas that often appear in public discussions of euthanasia. Drawing on Pope John Paul II's work on ethics and suffering, I argue that Singer's utilitarian theory of value is impoverished. After introducing the Pope's ethic based on the imago dei, I discuss love as self-gift. I show how this concept supports a theory of value in which spiritual goods are preeminent over material goods. I then describe how suffering reveals spiritual goods, discussing how participation in Christ's suffering can alter our perception of value. I also consider how communal responses to suffering provide opportunities for self-giving. Third, I consider Singer's proposal for killing infants with hemophilia, arguing that it arbitrarily ignores spiritual goods. I then discuss proposals to kill anencephalic infants, discussing how parental responses to their suffering can demonstrate an extraordinary love in seemingly hopeless circumstances. I conclude by calling for a more sustained social response to euthanasia initiatives. PMID:12956161

Jeffreys, Derek S

2001-12-01

299

Seasonality in deep-sea food webs—A tribute to the early works of Paul Tyler  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A numerical simulation has been constructed that illustrates the vertical biological pathways of carbon fluxes from the surface down through the entire water column to the Sigsbee Abyssal Plain at a depth of 3.7 km in the central Gulf of Mexico (GoM). Seasonal production of particulate organic carbon (POC) in a six month long pulse is delivered with lag times that reflect sinking rates of the POC and time-dependent incorporation of the POC into biomass by the pelagic and the benthic biota. The model illustrates that the seasonal variations in carbon and energy are transmitted down the water column and, in the model, are reflected in subdued but distinct variations in pelagic and benthic respiration and biomass; the amount reaching the bottom is adequate to support the variable growth patterns of numerous shell-bearing invertebrates on the deep-sea floor described by Paul Tyler and John Gage. A notable realization is the profound lack of information on the biomass and bioenergetics of the deep abyssopelagic biota in the GoM.

Rowe, Gilbert T.

2013-08-01

300

Evil and elder abuse: intersections of Paul Ricoeur's and Simone Weil's perspectives on evil with one abused older woman's narrative.  

PubMed

Doing violence and evil always indirectly or directly leads to making someone else suffer. Such is the dialogical structure of evil and it seems to be the dialogical structure of elder abuse as well. There is a perturbing sameness between definitions of evil and definitions of elder abuse. It is hard at times to see how or if there is any line of demarcation between the subjects. Two modern-day philosophers, Paul Ricoeur and Simone Weil have delved particularly into the concept of evil. The symbolism Ricoeur analyses in depth is that of defilement, sin, and guilt and the concept of the servile will. Integral in Weil's description of evil are the concepts of suffering and the special situation of extreme suffering, termed affliction. Grounded in the writings of Ricoeur and Weil, this paper is a series of reflections on the intersection of evil and elder abuse as exemplified in the narrative of an abused older woman. This woman provided around the clock care at home for her husband who had vascular dementia. She was also abused by her husband. This was witnessed by both family and others but no one intervened. In her narrative there were indications of defilement, sin, guilt, and true affliction as a servile will. This paper illuminates the evil of elder abuse that is harm and suffering, and the challenge of untangling issues of blame, free will, responsibility, and self-determinism. When engaging with abused, older persons it can be worthwhile for nurses to enter the encounter with non-judgemental compassion founded on the human to human connection and recognition of our mutual fallibility and potential for evil that is part of our human fragility. PMID:21906229

Erlingsson, Christen L

2011-10-01

301

Studies of emittance growth and halo particle production in intense charged particle beams using the Paul Trap Simulator Experiment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Paul Trap Simulator Experiment (PTSX) is a compact laboratory experiment that places the physicist in the frame-of-reference of a long, charged-particle bunch coasting through a kilometers-long magnetic alternating-gradient (AG) transport system. The transverse dynamics of particles in both systems are described by the same set of equations, including nonlinear space-charge effects. The time-dependent voltages applied to the PTSX quadrupole electrodes in the laboratory frame are equivalent to the spatially periodic magnetic fields applied in the AG system. The transverse emittance of the charge bunch, which is a measure of the area in the transverse phase space that the beam distribution occupies, is an important metric of beam quality. Maintaining low emittance is an important goal when defining AG system tolerances and when designing AG systems to perform beam manipulations such as transverse beam compression. Results are reviewed from experiments in which white noise and colored noise of various amplitudes and durations have been applied to the PTSX electrodes. This noise is observed to drive continuous emittance growth and increase in root-mean-square beam radius over hundreds of lattice periods. Additional results are reviewed from experiments that determine the conditions necessary to adiabatically reduce the charge bunch's transverse size and simultaneously maintain high beam quality. During adiabatic transitions, there is no change in the transverse emittance. The transverse compression can be achieved either by a gradual change in the PTSX voltage waveform amplitude or frequency. Results are presented from experiments in which low emittance is achieved by using focusing-off-defocusing-off waveforms.

Gilson, Erik P.; Davidson, Ronald C.; Dorf, Mikhail; Efthimion, Philip C.; Majeski, Richard; Chung, Moses; Gutierrez, Michael S.; Kabcenell, Aaron N.

2010-05-01

302

Spot-scanning proton therapy for malignant soft tissue tumors in childhood: First experiences at the Paul Scherrer Institute  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Radiotherapy plays a major role in the treatment strategy of childhood sarcomas. Consequences of treatment are likely to affect the survivor's quality of life significantly. We investigated the feasibility of spot-scanning proton therapy (PT) for soft tissue tumors in childhood. Methods and Materials: Sixteen children with soft tissue sarcomas were included. Median age at PT was 3.3 years. In 10 children the tumor histology was embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma. All tumors were located in the head or neck, parameningeal, or paraspinal, or pelvic region. In the majority of children, the tumor was initially unresectable (Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study [IRS] Group III in 75%). In 50% of children the tumors exceeded 5 cm. Fourteen children had chemotherapy before and during PT. Median total dose of radiotherapy was 50 cobalt Gray equivalent (CGE). All 16 children were treated with spot-scanning proton therapy at the Paul Scherrer Institute, and in 3 children the PT was intensity-modulated (IMPT). Results: After median follow-up of 1.5 years, local control was achieved in 12 children. Four children failed locally, 1 at the border of the radiation field and 3 within the field. All 4 children died of tumor recurrence. All 4 showed unfavorable characteristic either of site or histopathology of the tumor. Acute toxicity was low, with Grade 3 or 4 side effects according to Radiation Therapy Oncology Group/European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (RTOG/EORTC) criteria occurring in the bone marrow only. Conclusions: Proton therapy was feasible and well tolerated. Early local control rates are comparable to those being achieved after conventional radiotherapy. For investigations on late effect, longer follow-up is needed.

Timmermann, Beate [Division of Radiation Medicine, Proton Therapy, Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen (Switzerland)]. E-mail: beate.timmermann@psi.ch; Schuck, Andreas [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Muenster, Muenster (Germany); Niggli, Felix [Department of Paediatric Oncology, University Children's Hospital, Zurich (Switzerland); Weiss, Markus [Department of Anaesthesia, University Children's Hospital, Zuerich (Switzerland); Lomax, Antony Jonathan [Division of Radiation Medicine, Proton Therapy, Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen (Switzerland); Pedroni, Eros [Division of Radiation Medicine, Proton Therapy, Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen (Switzerland); Coray, Adolf [Division of Radiation Medicine, Proton Therapy, Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen (Switzerland); Jermann, Martin [Division of Radiation Medicine, Proton Therapy, Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen (Switzerland); Rutz, Hans Peter [Division of Radiation Medicine, Proton Therapy, Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen (Switzerland); Goitein, Gudrun [Division of Radiation Medicine, Proton Therapy, Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen (Switzerland)

2007-02-01

303

Continuity and change in subsistence harvests in five Bering Sea communities: Akutan, Emmonak, Savoonga, St. Paul, and Togiak  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To document and quantify subsistence harvests of fish and wildlife resources, and provide topics for subsequent key respondent interviews to collect local and traditional knowledge (LTK) about the Bering Sea ecosystem, comprehensive household harvest surveys were conducted in four Bering Sea Alaska Native communities: Akutan, Emmonak, Savoonga, and Togiak. In a fifth community, St. Paul, annual programs to document two key subsistence resources, fur seals and sea lions, continued. Surveys documented relatively high and diverse subsistence harvests, consistent with earlier research that demonstrated the continuing economic, social, and cultural importance of subsistence uses of wild resources. The research also found differences in subsistence use patterns compared to previous years' studies, such as harvest levels, harvest composition, and diversity of resources used, although differences between study years were not uniform across communities. Survey respondents, as well as key respondents in subsequent interviews, identified a complex range of personal, economic, and environmental factors when comparing subsistence uses in the study year with other years, such as increasing costs of fuel and purchased food, commercial fisheries harvests and bycatch, more persistent storms and less predictable winds, and reduced sea ice. Such conditions affect resource abundance and locations as well as access to fish and wildlife populations, and may shape long-term trends. So far, as in the past, families and communities have adapted to changing economic, social, and environmental conditions, but the future is less clear if such changes intensify or accelerate. Local community residents should be essential partners in future efforts to understand these complex processes that affect the natural resources of the Bering Sea.

Fall, James A.; Braem, Nicole S.; Brown, Caroline L.; Hutchinson-Scarbrough, Lisa B.; Koster, David S.; Krieg, Theodore M.

2013-10-01

304

pAUL: a gateway-based vector system for adaptive expression and flexible tagging of proteins in Arabidopsis.  

PubMed

Determination of protein function requires tools that allow its detection and/or purification. As generation of specific antibodies often is laborious and insufficient, protein tagging using epitopes that are recognized by commercially available antibodies and matrices appears more promising. Also, proper spatial and temporal expression of tagged proteins is required to prevent falsification of results. We developed a new series of binary Gateway cloning vectors named pAUL1-20 for C- and N-terminal in-frame fusion of proteins to four different tags: a single (i) HA epitope and (ii) Strep-tagIII, (iii) both epitopes combined to a double tag, and (iv) a triple tag consisting of the double tag extended by a Protein A tag possessing a 3C protease cleavage site. Expression can be driven by either the 35 S CaMV promoter or, for C-terminal fusions, promoters from genes encoding the chloroplast biogenesis factors HCF107, HCF136, or HCF173. Fusions of the four promoters to the GUS gene showed that endogenous promoter sequences are functional and drive expression more moderately and consistently throughout different transgenic lines when compared to the 35 S CaMV promoter. By testing complementation of mutations affected in chloroplast biogenesis factors HCF107 and HCF208, we found that the effect of different promoters and tags on protein function strongly depends on the protein itself. Single-step and tandem affinity purification of HCF208 via different tags confirmed the integrity of the cloned tags. PMID:23326506

Lyska, Dagmar; Engelmann, Kerstin; Meierhoff, Karin; Westhoff, Peter

2013-01-10

305

Human radiation studies: Remembering the early years: Oral history of medical physicist Katherine L. Lathrop and physician Paul V. Harper, conducted January 26, 1995  

SciTech Connect

This report provides a transcript of an interview with Ms. Katherine L. Lathrop and Dr. Paul V. Hopper by representatives of the DOE Office of Human Radiation Research. Ms. Lathrop and Dr. Hopper were chosen for this interview because of their long-standing interest and research experience in the development of nuclear medicine. After brief biographical sketches the researchers provide a broad and interesting description of their roles in the initial uses of many radiopharmaceuticals, their experiences in human experimentation, and interactions with many other pioneers in nuclear medicine.

NONE

1995-09-01

306

Grammont’s Idea: The Story of Paul Grammont’s Functional Surgery Concept and the Development of the Reverse Principle  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  The increased use of the reverse prosthesis over the last 10 years is due to a large series of publications using the reverse\\u000a prosthesis developed by Paul Grammont. However, there is no article reporting the story of the concepts developed by Grammont.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Questions\\/purposes  The purposes of this review are to describe the principles developed by Grammont, the chronology of development, and the

Emmanuel Baulot; François Sirveaux; Pascal Boileau

307

Relative biologic effectiveness determination in mouse intestine for scanning proton beam at Paul Scherrer Institute, Switzerland. Influence of motion  

SciTech Connect

Purpose To determine the relative biologic effectiveness (RBE) of the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) scanning proton beam in reference conditions and to evaluate the influence of intestine motion on the proton dose homogeneity. Methods and Materials: First, RBE was determined for crypt regeneration in mice after irradiation in a single fraction. Irradiation was performed at the middle of a 7-cm spread out Bragg peak (SOBP; reference position), as well as in the proximal part of the plateau and at the distal end of the SOBP. Control {gamma}-irradiation was randomized with proton irradiation and performed simultaneously. Second, motion of mouse intestine was determined by radiographs after copper wire markers had been placed on the jejunum and intestinal wall. Results: Proton RBE (reference {sup 60}Co {gamma}) was equal to 1.16 for irradiation at the middle of the SOBP and to 1.11 and 1.21 for irradiation in the initial plateau and end of the SOBP, respectively. The confidence intervals for these RBE values were much larger than those obtained in the other proton beams we have tested so far. They exceeded {+-}0.20 (compared with the usual value of {+-}0.07), which resulted from the unusually large dispersion of the individual proton data. The instantaneous positions of the mice intestines varied by {+-}2 mm in the course of irradiation. Conclusion: The results of this study have shown that the RBE of the PSI proton beam is in total accordance with the RBE obtained at the other centers. This experiment has corroborated that proton RBE at the middle of the SOBP is slightly larger than the generic value of 1.10 and that there is a slight tendency for the RBE to increase close to the end of the SOBP. Also, excessive dispersion of individual proton data may be considered to result from intestine motion, taking into account that irradiation at the PSI is delivered dynamically by scanning the target volume with a pencil proton beam ('spot scanning'). Because 2-mm movements resulted in significant variations in local dose depositions, this should be considered for moving targets. Strategies to reduce this effect for the spot scanning technique have been developed at the PSI for radiotherapy of humans.

Gueulette, John [Universite catholique de Louvain, Brussels (Belgium)]. E-mail: gueulette@rbnt.ucl.ac.be; Blattmann, Hans [Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen (Switzerland); Pedroni, Eros [Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen (Switzerland); Coray, A. [Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen (Switzerland); Coster, Blanche de [Universite catholique de Louvain, Brussels (Belgium); Mahy, Pierre [Universite catholique de Louvain, Brussels (Belgium); Wambersie, Andre [Universite catholique de Louvain, Brussels (Belgium); Goitein, Gudrun [Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen (Switzerland)

2005-07-01

308

St. Paul's Pig Pack.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a guinea pig (cavy) breeding and management program developed as part of an elementary school science curriculum. Includes comments on show competitions (sponsored by the American Rabbit Breeders Association) to measure the success of the breeding program and to enable children to experience the business world. (Author/JN)|

Miller, Penny Folley

1982-01-01

309

Greenberger - Paul CV  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... 27. Katzenstein AL, Sale SR, Greenberger PA. ... Aspergillosis in cystic fibrosis - State of the Art: Cystic Fibrosis Foundation Consensus ... 252. ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

310

PaulColte  

Cancer.gov

My primary interests include the psychological and neuropsychological sequelae of pediatric cancer, consultation-liaison services to children with cancer and their families, and participation in the development and generation of data for Children’s Oncology Group (COG) protocols.

311

Curriculum Vitae: Paul Auwaerter  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... Auwaerter PG, Martins CR ... Director, Board of Directors, Infectious Diseases Society of America 1995-1997 American Society for Virology 1999-2004 ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

312

Paul Gauguin in Brittany  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ever since the dawn of the 20th Century there has been a universal consensus that Alphonse Mucha launched the sensation that became known as Art Nouveau. This event was associated with the appearance of his Gismonda poster promoting the Sarah Bernhardt play of that name in Paris in 1894. At an estate sale in 1954 a small collage bearing a

John F. Asmus

2009-01-01

313

GLEN PAUL FREIBERG, RAC  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... the first amplified nucleic acid tests for HIV ... BTA stat® bladder cancer monitoring test included an ... Co-Author – FDA Warning Letter Pilot Program (in ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

314

Conditions for minimization of halo particle production during transverse compression of intense ion charge bunches in the Paul Trap Simulator Experiment (PTSX)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Paul Trap Simulator Experiment (PTSX) is a compact laboratory Paul trap that simulates propagation of a long, thin charged-particle bunch coasting through a multi-kilometer-long magnetic alternating-gradient (AG) transport system by putting the physicist in the frame-of-reference of the beam. The transverse dynamics of particles in both systems are described by the same sets of equations—including all nonlinear space-charge effects. The time-dependent quadrupolar voltages applied to the PTSX confinement electrodes correspond to the axially dependent magnetic fields applied in the AG system. This paper presents the results of experiments in which the amplitude of the applied confining voltage is changed over the course of the experiment in order to transversely compress a beam with an initial depressed tune ?/?0˜0.9. Both instantaneous and smooth changes are considered. Particular emphasis is placed on determining the conditions that minimize the emittance growth and, generally, the number of particles that are found at large radius (so-called halo particles) after the beam compression. The experimental data are also compared with the results of particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations performed with the WARP code.

Gilson, Erik P.; Chung, Moses; Davidson, Ronald C.; Dorf, Mikhail; Efthimion, Philip C.; Grote, David P.; Majeski, Richard; Startsev, Edward A.

2007-07-01

315

Ecological, morphological, and molecular studies of Acanthocheilonema odendhali (Nematoda: Filarioidea) in northern fur seals (Callorhinus ursinus) on St. Paul Island, Alaska.  

PubMed

Studies of northern fur seal (Callorhinus ursinus Linnaeus, 1758) infection by the filariid nematode Acanthocheilonema odendhali were carried out in 2011-2012 on St. Paul Island, Pribilof Archipelago, Alaska. Skins of 502 humanely harvested northern fur seals from haul-out areas of five rookeries, Polovina (n?=?122), Morjovi (n?=?54), Zapadni (n?=?72), Lukanin (n?=?109), and Gorbatch (n?=?145), were examined. A. odendhali was found in 18% of northern fur seals. The prevalence of infection ranged from 12.5% up to 22.9% on different haul-out areas on the island. The mean intensity of infection was 1.3 (range 1-7). Detailed morphological examination of collected specimens was performed using light microscopy. Several characters were added to the morphological description of the species, among them lateral thickening of the body cuticle, especially prominent in males, variations in number and position of genital papillae in males, transverse striation of the cuticle, and terminal dilation on tail end in microfilariae. The adult specimens studied had a shorter esophagus than type specimens from the California sea lion described by Perry (1967). Comparison of partial sequences of the mitochondrial cox1 gene from specimens collected from five sampling sites on St. Paul Island and a specimen from the type host and territory in California showed no significant differences and strongly supported conspecificity of the material from Alaska with A. odendhali. PMID:23760875

Kuzmina, T A; Kuzmin, Y I; Tkach, V V; Spraker, T R; Lyons, E T

2013-06-13

316

Toward cold and dense antikaonic nuclear clusters. Talk at symposium "Creativity-Innovation—the seed for frontier science" on the occasion of the 80th birthday of Professor Paul Kienle  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Experimental search for cold and dense anti-kaonic nuclear cluster systems has been tried since 1998. Recently, an important indication for the most basic cluster K - pp has been obtained from old data of DISTO on p + p ? K + + p + ? through ?(1405) production as a doorway. This success now triggers an extended search for a double kaonic cluster K - K - pp. Ultimately we have possibility to investigate multi-kaonic objects and kaonic strangelets in heavy-ion reactions. In this paper I trace my personal reminiscences of collaborative work with Paul Kienle during which I enjoyed the same feeling and excitement as Paul for more than a decade.

Yamazaki, Toshimitsu

2012-05-01

317

A Comparison of Documentary Approaches: Margaret Bourke-White and Erskine Caldwell, Authors of "You Have Seen Their Faces," and Dorothea Lange and Paul S. Taylor, Authors of "An American Exodus."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two books that use documentary photography to examine social problems--"You Have Seen Their Faces," a 1937 study of Southern sharecroppers by Margaret Bourke-White and Erskine Caldwell, and "An American Exodus," a 1939 examination of the migration of farm families by Dorothea Lange and Paul S. Taylor--are compared in this paper. After relating the…

Hanson, Art

318

District Heating/Cogeneration Application Studies for the Minneapolis-St. Paul Area. Impact of a District Heating/Cogeneration System on Annual Average SO sub 2 Air Quality in the Twin Cities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A study was made to determine the potential impact of a district-heating/cogeneration system on the air quality in the Minneapolis-St. Paul metropolitan area. Annual average SO sub 2 concentrations in air at ground level were determined for a base year (1...

M. A. Karnitz F. C. Kornegay H. A. McLain B. D. Murphy R. J. Raridon

1981-01-01

319

The Application of the Hardin Jones-Pauling Biostatistical Theory of Survival Analysis for Cancer Patients to a Clinical Trial Purporting to Test the Efficacy of Vitamin C in Lengthening the Survival Times of Patients with Advanced Colorectal Cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Hardin Jones-Pauling biostatistical theory of survival analysis for cancer pa- tients leads naturally to three criteria for the validity of clinical trials of treatments for cohorts of cancer patients. These three cri- teria are presented. The well-publicized Mayo Clinic study claiming the lack of efficacy of vitamin C in prolonging the lives of patients with ad- vanced colorectal cancer

Zelek S. Herman

320

Evaluation of baseline ground-water conditions in the Mosteiros, Ribeira Paul, and Ribeira Faja Basins, Republic of Cape Verde, West Africa, 2005-06  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This report documents current (2005-06) baseline ground-water conditions in three basins within the West African Republic of Cape Verde (Mosteiros on Fogo, Ribeira Paul on Santo Ant?o, and Ribeira Faj? on S?o Nicolau) based on existing data and additional data collected during this study. Ground-water conditions (indicators) include ground-water levels, ground-water recharge altitude, ground-water discharge amounts, ground-water age (residence time), and ground-water quality. These indicators are needed to evaluate (1) long-term changes in ground-water resources or water quality caused by planned ground-water development associated with agricultural projects in these basins, and (2) the feasibility of artificial recharge as a mitigation strategy to offset the potentially declining water levels associated with increased ground-water development. Ground-water levels in all three basins vary from less than a few meters to more than 170 meters below land surface. Continuous recorder and electric tape measurements at three monitoring wells (one per basin) showed variations between August 2005 and June 2006 of as much as 1.8 meters. Few historical water-level data were available for the Mosteiros or Ribeira Paul Basins. Historical records from Ribeira Faj? indicate very large ground-water declines during the 1980s and early 1990s, associated with dewatering of the Galleria Faj? tunnel. More-recent data indicate that ground-water levels in Ribeira Faj? have reached a new equilibrium, remaining fairly constant since the late 1990s. Because of the scarcity of observation wells within each basin, water-level data were combined with other techniques to evaluate ground-water conditions. These techniques include the quantification of ground-water discharge (well withdrawals, spring discharge, seepage to springs, and gallery drainage), field water-quality measurements, and the use of environmental tracers to evaluate sources of aquifer recharge, flow paths, and ground-water residence times. In the Mosteiros Basin, measured well and spring discharge is about 220,000 cubic meters per year. For the Ribeira Paul Basin, measured well discharge, spring discharge, and ground-water seepage to springs is about 1,600,000 cubic meters per year. Ribeira Faj? Basin is the driest of the three basins with a precipitation rate of about half that of the other two basins. The only measurable ground-water discharge from this basin is from Galleria Faj?, estimated to be about 150,000 cubic meters per year. Measured discharge for all three basins does not include submarine outflow or agricultural/phreatophyte consumptive use (Paul Basin, only) and is assumed to be less than total ground-water discharge. Ground-water ages indicate that recharge to wells and springs occurred from more than 50 years ago at some locations to within the past decade at other sites. Ground water in Paul is younger than that in the other two basins, indicating that recharge generally occurred within the past 50 years. Ground water at all the dateable sites using tritium/helium in both the Mosteiros and Ribeira Faj? Basins show that recharge occurred more than 50 years before the sampling dates. Ground-water tritium/helium age dating was not possible at some sites in Mosteiros and Ribeira Faj? Basins because of the presence of helium in the aquifer derived from the mantle or aquifer matrix. However, this helium was useful for accurate age dating of the unaffected ground-water sites. Dissolved gases indicate that most ground-water recharge occurs at mid and high altitudes within all three basins; calculated recharge altitudes ranged from 700 to more than 2,000 meters. In the Mosteiros and Ribeira Faj? Basins, recharge altitudes are much higher than the wells and springs. This suggests that it may take many years for artificial recharge to result in a beneficial impact on the aquifer in areas where the agricultural projects are implemented. Recharge altitudes in Paul Basin

Heilweil, Victor M.; Earle, John D.; Cederberg, Jay R.; Messer, Mickey M.; Jorgensen, Brent E.; Verstraeten, Ingrid M.; Moura, Miguel A.; Querido, Arrigo; Spencer,; Osorio, Tatiana

2006-01-01

321

[Is there a German history of evidence-based medicine? Methodic standards of therapeutic research in the early 20th century and Paul Martini's "Methodology of therapeutic investigation" (1932)].  

PubMed

The article addresses the history of evidence-based medicine in Germany. Its aim was to reconstruct the standard of clinical-therapeutic investigation in Germany at the beginning of the 20 (th) century. By a historical investigation of five important German general medical journals for the time between 1918 and 1932 an overview of the situation of clinical investigation is given. 268 clinical trails are identified, and are analysed in view of their methodological design. Heterogeneous results are found: While few examples of sophisticated methodology exist, the design of the majority of the studies is poor. A response to the situation described can be seen in Paul Martini's book "Methodology of Therapeutic Investigation", first published in 1932. Paul Martini's biography, his criticism of the situation of clinical-therapeutic investigation of his time, the major points of his methodology and the reception of the book in Germany and abroad are described. PMID:16049886

Stoll, S; Roelcke, V; Raspe, H

2005-07-29

322

Geophysical evidence for the intersection of the St Paul, Cape Palmas and Grand Cess fracture zones with the continental margin of Liberia, West Africa  

USGS Publications Warehouse

PUBLISHED reconstructions of Gondwana continent1 (Fig. la) show a gap in fit near the junction of the Americas and Africa. To study this critical area, the Unitedgeo I made geophysical measurements and collected rock samples across the continental margin of Liberia (USGS-IDOE cruise leg 5) in November 1971. Figure Ib indicates the location of the 5,400 km of ship track on a generalised bathymetric map2. We shall discuss the data in detail elsewhere. Here we present the evidence for the existence of three fracture zones, two of which have not been reported previously, intersecting the continental margin at the north end of the South Atlantic, which remained closed probably until Cretaceous time. We suggest that Precambrian structures on the African continent controlled the location of these fracture zones. Figure Ic compares gravity and magnetic profiles and interpretations of the seismic profiles for three selected lines (27, 30 and 34) crossing the Grand Cess, Cape Palmas and St Paul fracture zones, respectively. ?? 1974 Nature Publishing Group.

Behrendt, J. C.; Schlee, J.; Robb, J. M.

1974-01-01

323

[Narratives in the study of mental health care practices: contributions of the perspectives of Paul Ricoeur, Walter Benjamin and of medical anthropology].  

PubMed

Narratives are ever more frequent in qualitative studies seeking to interpret experiences and the different viewpoints of individuals in a given context. Starting from this concept, the tradition that addresses narrative is reexamined, including the philosophy of Paul Ricoeur, the historical perspective of Walter Benjamin and the field of medical anthropology grounded in phenomenology. In Ricoeur, with hermeneutics as a variation derived from phenomenology, narrative is linked to temporality. In Benjamin, narrative comprised of bits and pieces, always inconclusive, emerges in spite of the official stories. If Ricoeur retrieves tradition from Gadamer as a fundamental component for the construction of the world of a text that makes imitation of life possible, Benjamin, faced with the collapse of tradition, suggests the invention of narrative forms outside the traditional canons, making it possible to hark to the past in order to change the present. Assumptions of medical anthropology are also presented, as they consider narrative a dimension of life and not its abstraction, namely an embodied and situated narrative. Lastly, three distinct research projects in mental health that use narrative linked to the theoretical concepts cited with their differences and similarities are presented. PMID:24061011

Onocko-Campos, Rosana Teresa; Palombini, Analice de Lima; Leal, Erotildes; Serpa Junior, Octavio Domont de; Baccari, Ivana Oliveira Preto; Ferrer, Ana Luiza; Diaz, Alberto Giovanello; Xavier, Maria Angélica Zamora

2013-10-01

324

Slater-Pauling behavior within quaternary intermetallic borides of the Ti{sub 3}Co{sub 5}B{sub 2} structure-type  

SciTech Connect

First-principles, density-functional studies of several intermetallic borides of the general type M{sub 2}M'Ru{sub 5-n}Rh{sub n}B{sub 2} (n=0-5; M=Sc, Ti, Nb; M'=Fe, Co) show that the variation in saturation magnetic moment with valence-electron count follows a Slater-Pauling curve, with a maximum moment occurring typically at 66 valence electrons. The magnetic moments in these compounds occur primarily from the 3d electrons of the magnetically active M' sites, with some contribution from the Ru/Rh sites via magnetic polarization. Electronic DOS curves reveal that a rigid-band approach is a reasonable approximation for the estimation of saturation moments and the analysis of orbital interactions in this family of complex borides. COHP analyses of the M'-M' orbital interactions indicate optimized interactions in the minority spin states for Co-containing phases, but strong bonding interactions remaining in Fe-containing phases. - Graphical abstract: Theoretically determined (spin-polarized LMTO-GGA) local magnetic moments as a function of the chemical valence Z for various intermetallic borides.

Burghaus, Jens [Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, RWTH Aachen University, Landoltweg 1, 52062 Aachen (Germany); Dronskowski, Richard, E-mail: drons@HAL9000.ac.rwth-aachen.d [Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, RWTH Aachen University, Landoltweg 1, 52062 Aachen (Germany); Miller, Gordon J. [Department of Chemistry, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 (United States)

2009-10-15

325

Sabatier Reactor System Integration with Microwave Plasma Methane Pyrolysis Post-Processor for Closed-Loop Hydrogen Recovery.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Carbon Dioxide Reduction Assembly (CRA) designed and developed for the International Space Station (ISS) represents the state-of-the-art in carbon dioxide reduction (CDRe) technology. The CRA produces water and methane by reducing carbon dioxide with ...

L. A. Miller M. B. Abney T. Williams

2010-01-01

326

Compact, Lightweight Adsorber and Sabatier Reactor for CO2 Capture and Reduction for Consumable and Propellant Production.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The utilization of CO2 to produce (or recycle) life support consumables, such as O2 and H2O, and to generate propellant fuels is an important aspect of NASA's concept for future, long duration planetary exploration. One potential approach is to capture an...

C. Junaedi D. Walsh J. C. Knox J. L. Perry K. Hawley M. B. Abney S. Roychoudhury S. A. Busby

2012-01-01

327

Cancer, viruses, and mass migration: Paul Berg's venture into eukaryotic biology and the advent of recombinant DNA research and technology, 1967-1980.  

PubMed

The existing literature on the development of recombinant DNA technology and genetic engineering tends to focus on Stanley Cohen and Herbert Boyer's recombinant DNA cloning technology and its commercialization starting in the mid-1970s. Historians of science, however, have pointedly noted that experimental procedures for making recombinant DNA molecules were initially developed by Stanford biochemist Paul Berg and his colleagues, Peter Lobban and A. Dale Kaiser in the early 1970s. This paper, recognizing the uneasy disjuncture between scientific authorship and legal invention in the history of recombinant DNA technology, investigates the development of recombinant DNA technology in its full scientific context. I do so by focusing on Stanford biochemist Berg's research on the genetic regulation of higher organisms. As I hope to demonstrate, Berg's new venture reflected a mass migration of biomedical researchers as they shifted from studying prokaryotic organisms like bacteria to studying eukaryotic organisms like mammalian and human cells. It was out of this boundary crossing from prokaryotic to eukaryotic systems through virus model systems that recombinant DNA technology and other significant new research techniques and agendas emerged. Indeed, in their attempt to reconstitute 'life' as a research technology, Stanford biochemists' recombinant DNA research recast genes as a sequence that could be rewritten thorough biochemical operations. The last part of this paper shifts focus from recombinant DNA technology's academic origins to its transformation into a genetic engineering technology by examining the wide range of experimental hybridizations which occurred as techniques and knowledge circulated between Stanford biochemists and the Bay Area's experimentalists. Situating their interchange in a dense research network based at Stanford's biochemistry department, this paper helps to revise the canonized history of genetic engineering's origins that emerged during the patenting of Cohen-Boyer's recombinant DNA cloning procedures. PMID:19244843

Yi, Doogab

2008-01-01

328

A Paul trap configuration to simulate intense non-neutral beam propagation over large distances through a periodic focusing quadrupole magnetic field  

SciTech Connect

This paper considers an intense non-neutral charged particle beam propagating in the z-direction through a periodic focusing quadrupole magnetic field with transverse focusing force, -{kappa}{sub q}(s)[xe{sub x}-ye{sub y}], on the beam particles. Here, s={beta}{sub b}ct is the axial coordinate, ({gamma}{sub b}-1)m{sub b}c{sup 2} is the directed axial kinetic energy of the beam particles, q{sub b} and m{sub b} are the charge and rest mass, respectively, of a beam particle, and the oscillatory lattice coefficient satisfies {kappa}{sub q}(s+S)={kappa}{sub q}(s), where S is the axial periodicity length of the focusing field. The particle motion in the beam frame is assumed to be nonrelativistic, and the Vlasov-Maxwell equations are employed to describe the nonlinear evolution of the distribution function f{sub b}(x,y,x{sup '},y{sup '},s) and the (normalized) self-field potential {psi}(x,y,s)=q{sub b}{phi}(x,y,s)/{gamma}{sub b}{sup 3}m{sub b}{beta}{sub b}{sup 2}c{sup 2} in the transverse laboratory-frame phase space (x,y,x{sup '},y{sup '}), assuming a thin beam with characteristic radius r{sub b}<Paul trap configuration in which a long non-neutral plasma column (L>>r{sub p}) is confined axially by applied dc voltages V=const on end cylinders at z={+-}L, and transverse confinement in the x-y plane is provided by segmented cylindrical electrodes (at radius r{sub w}) with applied oscillatory voltages {+-}V{sub 0}(t) over 90 degree sign segments. Here, V{sub 0}(t+T)=V{sub 0}(t), where T=const is the oscillation period, and the oscillatory quadrupole focusing force on a particle with charge q and mass m near the cylinder axis is -m{kappa}{sub q}(t)[xe{sub x}-ye{sub y}], where {kappa}{sub q}(t){identical_to}8qV{sub 0}(t)/{pi}mr{sub w}{sup 2}. (c) 2000 American Institute of Physics.

Davidson, Ronald C. [Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States); Qin, Hong [Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States); Shvets, Gennady [Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States)

2000-03-01

329

Curriculum Vitae, Paul Richard Billings  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... Am J Hum Genet 1992; 51(5) 1168-9 (letter). 49. Billings P. Applications of DNA Fingerprinting. J Peds 1992; 121(6): 989 (letter). 50. ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

330

Paul Bunyan's Brachistochrone and Tautochrone  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we concern ourselves with modified versions of the traditional brachistochrone and tautochrone problems. In the modified version of each problem the constant gravity model is replaced with an attractive inverse square law, consequently we name these the 1/{tau}{sup 2} brachistochrone and 1/{tau}{sup 2} tautochrone problems. With regard to the 1/{tau}{sup 2} brachistochrone problem, we show that the shape of the minimizing curve is formally constructed from an infinite series of elliptic integrals, and we use a numerical optimal control technique to generate the trajectories. The 1/{tau}{sup 2} tautochrone problem is solved using fraction calculus together with Lagrange's rule for tautochronous curves

HURTADO,JOHN E.

2000-08-21

331

Paul, Steven Marc Curriculum Vitae  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... present Member, Scientific Advisory Board, Allen Brain Atlas, Allen Institute ... of Recombinant Inbred Strains and QTL Mapping, IBC's International ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

332

(French Title: Réobservation des couples stellaires du catalogue de Paul Muller. Première série de mesures obtenues avec la lunette de 50 cm de l'observatoire de nice équipée d'une caméra ccd. )CCd measurements of muller's double stars catalogue made with the 50 cm refractor of the nice observatory (first series)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The program, which we started in 2000, consists in systematically resuming the observations of pairs of the Paul Muller's double stars catalogue [1]. He made his discov eries with the 50 cm refractor of the Nice Observatory. Our goal is to confi rm the discovery for the once meas ured stars, to state precisely (when necessary) their location and identifi cation and to measure the neglected doubles of this catalogue. Hereafter we present the fi rst series of results from 76 observations of 75 pairs obtained in 2001 and 2002.

Durand, P.; Pinlou, C.

2007-12-01

333

Stanley Cavell in Conversation with Paul Standish  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Having acknowledged the recurrent theme of education in Stanley Cavell's work, the discussion addresses the topic of scepticism, especially as this emerges in the interpretation of Wittgenstein. Questions concerning rule-following, language and society are then turned towards political philosophy, specifically with regard to John Rawls. The…

Journal of Philosophy of Education, 2012

2012-01-01

334

Merrill, Paul Willard (1887-1961)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Astronomer, staff-member of the Mount Wilson Observatory, spectroscopist who studied variable stars. He identified the element technetium in an S-type star R Andromedae. The atoms of this element have no stable nuclear isotopes, so the element must have been made within the last million years, although the star was much older. The discovery proved that the element must have been made recently ...

Murdin, P.

2000-11-01

335

Ron Paul and the New Libertarianism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although libertarianism is often stereotyped as the creed of the pimply teenaged computer nerd, the controversy over Paul’s racist newsletters highlights the candidate’s origins in a darker kind of populism. Between 1988 and 1996, Paul’s newsletters to his constituents and supporters brimmed over with virtually every far right obsession and hatred—from conspiracy theories about the Trilateral Commission to racist suggestions

Jennifer Burns

2012-01-01

336

Paul Monroe and Education of Modern China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Monroe was a well-known American world-wide educator in the first half of the 20th century. He came to China more than ten times to investigate Chinese education, deliver academic lectures, and conduct cultural exchanges from the 1920s to the 1940s. He made a great contribution to Sino-American cultural and educational exchanges in Modern China.…

Zhou, Hongyu; Chen, Jingrong

2007-01-01

337

CURRICULUM VITAE PAUL M. PALEVSKY, MD OFFICE ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... HOME ADDRESS: ... Journal of Biological Chemistry 1996; 271:4491-4496. 10. ... Quality improvement projects: How do we protect patients' rights? ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

338

Institut d'Astronomie and d'Astrophysique at the Universite Libre de Bruxelles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The homepage of the Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics at the Free University of Brussels offers a unique feature for researchers to generate astrophysical reaction rates online. Using the Network Generator tool and an extended database, which includes the European Nuclear Astrophysics Compilation of Reaction Rates (NACRE), the program generates "tables of nuclear reaction rates on temperature grids specified by the user." The site supplies direct access to data on nuclear structure, level densities, Hauser-Feshbach Rates, and more. Along with many publications from 1996 to 1999, users can download recent papers on red giants and nuclear astrophysics (.ps).

339

Compendium of University Statistics, 1985 Edition = Compendium de statistique concernant les universites, edition 1984.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Statistics on Canadian universities are presented in 31 tables in both English and French. The data cover: total population and age group 18-24 by province for 1971, 1976, 1981, and 1984; full-time enrollment rates by educational level; graduation rates for secondary schools, community colleges, and universities; enrollments in second language…

Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada, Ottawa (Ontario).

340

Compendium of University Statistics, 1984 Edition = Compendium de statistique concernant les universites, edition 1984.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Statistics on Canadian universities are presented in 30 tables in both English and French. Topics include the following: total population and age group 18-24 by province for 1971, 1976, 1981, and 1983; full-time enrollment for selected years, by educational level; graduates in selected years for secondary schools, community colleges, and…

Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada, Ottawa (Ontario).

341

Compendium of University Statistics, 1987 Edition=Compendium de statistique concernant les universites, Edition 1987.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Statistics on Canadian universities are presented in 29 tables in both English and French. The data include: total population and age group 18-24 by province for 1971, 1976, 1981, and 1986; full-time enrollment rates by educational level; graduation rates for secondary schools, community colleges, and universities; unemployment rate by…

Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada, Ottawa (Ontario).

342

Pourquoi etudier les litteratures etrangeres a l'Universite (Why Study Foreign Literatures at the University)?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines past and present reasons for the study of foreign literatures in institutions of higher education, concluding that the trend is to interdisciplinary approaches to foreign literature instruction. (AM)|

Lorian, Alexandre

1979-01-01

343

An Apprenticeship in Resistance May '68 and the Power of Vincennes (Universite de Paris VIII)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: The riots in Paris '68 marked among others, the creation of a "Centre universitaire experimental" in Vincennes of which especially the philosophy faculty became the testing laboratory for educational reform. There, scholars like Michel Foucault, Gilles Deleuze, Alain Badiou and Jean-Francois Lyotard developed new ideas on education…

Dolphijn, Rick

2007-01-01

344

Carbon Cycle 2.0: Paul Alivisatos: Solar Fuels  

ScienceCinema

Feb. 4, 2010: Humanity emits more carbon into the atmosphere than natural processes are able to remove - an imbalance with negative consequences. Carbon Cycle 2.0 is a Berkeley Lab initiative to provide the science needed to restore this balance by integrating the Labs diverse research activities and delivering creative solutions toward a carbon-neutral energy future.

345

EVALUATION OF PAUL BERGSOE AND SON SECONDARY LEAD SMELTER  

EPA Science Inventory

This report presents the findings of an investigation performed to obtain data concerning fugitive and workroom emissions from secondary lead smelters. The results are being used within both NIOSH and EPA as part of a larger effort to define the potential workplace/environmental ...

346

Paul P. Reuben, Department of English, California State University Stanislaus  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The considerable virtue of this site as a learning resource lies mainly in Reuben's online project entitled PAL: Perspectives in American Literature. This review of American literary history offers primary and secondary bibliographies for the major periods and figures of American Literature. In addition, Reuben gives brief but pointed discussions along with study questions of key concepts and figures. The appendix includes resources for research, an MLA style guide, a bibliography for the elements of poetry, fiction, and drama, and other bibliographies for topics such as Minorities and Women Studies, The Frontier in American Literature, and Film Criticism and American Literature. The site also features useful links to specific subject sites in American Literature and good online sources for literary texts. Note: anyone studying for a major test in American Literature, whether a standardized subject test or an advanced degree examination, should find this site particularly helpful.

Reuben, Paul P.

347

Managing for the next big thing. Interview by Paul Hemp.  

PubMed

In this HBR interview, CEO Michael Ruettgers speaks in detail about the managerial practices that have allowed EMC to anticipate and exploit disruptive technologies, market opportunities, and business models ahead of its competitors. He recounts how the company repeatedly ventured into untested markets, ultimately transforming itself from a struggling maker of minicomputer memory boards into a data storage powerhouse and one of the most successful companies of the past decade. The company has achieved sustained and nearly unrivaled revenue, profit, and shareprice growth through a number of means. Emphasizing timing and speed, Ruettgers says, is critical. That's meant staggering products rather than developing them sequentially and avoiding the excessive refinements that slow time to market. Indeed, a sense of urgency, Ruettgers explains, has been critical to EMC's success. Processes such as quarterly goal setting and monthly forecasting meetings help maintain a sense of urgency and allow managers to get early glimpses of changes in the market. So does an environment in which personal accountability is stressed and the corporate focus is single-minded. Perhaps most important, the company has procedures to glean insights from customers. Intensive forums involving EMC engineers and leading-edge customers, who typically push for unconventional solutions to their problems, often yield new product features. Similarly, a customer service system that includes real-time monitoring of product use enables EMC to understand customer needs firsthand. PMID:11189457

Ruettgers, M

2001-01-01

348

Physlet Problems Written or Adapted by Paul Zitzewitz  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This collection of physics applets (Physlets) covers topics in electric and magnetic fields, osmosis, and quantum physics. Each Java animation includes text and exercises directing student activity. This material is based on the development of Physlets by Wolfgang Christian.

Zitzewitz, Paul

2008-05-15

349

Minneapolis and Saint Paul, Minnesota: Solar in Action (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

This brochure provides an overview of the challenges and successes of Minneapolis, MN, a 2008 Solar America City awardee, on the path toward becoming a solar-powered community. Accomplishments, case studies, key lessons learned, and local resource information are given.

Not Available

2011-10-01

350

Paul Uhlenhuth (1870–1957)Forscher im Dienste des Vaterlandes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Zusammenfassung  \\u000a Der vorliegende Artikel beschäftigt sich mit der Vita Uhlenhuths, seinem wissenschaftlichen Werk und mit seinem Selbstverständnis\\u000a als Forscher. Dabei werden neben seinen Verdiensten um die Differenzierung von Mensch- und Tierblut auch seine Arbeiten zur\\u000a Chemo- und Serumtherapie dargelegt. Ausgehend von seiner aktiven Rolle bei der Entlassung der jüdischen und politisch missliebigen\\u000a Kollegen aus dem Dienst an der medizinischen Fakultät

H.-P. Schmiedebach

2001-01-01

351

Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI) annual report 1994. General part.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This annual report presents an overview of the work performed by the PSI research departments including the supporting services and deals with the theme 'Energy and environmental research for sustainable development'. figs., tabs. (Atomindex citation 26:0...

M. Salzmann

1995-01-01

352

Paul Scherrer Institut (PSI) annual report 1996. General volume.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This annual report presents an overview of the work performed by the PSI research departments including the supporting services and deals with the theme 'Neutrons for the research: SINQ'. Information is communicated on the status of the Swiss Light Source...

M. Salzmann

1997-01-01

353

TEACHING CHILDREN TO WRITE IN ST. PAUL ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE MAJOR PURPOSE OF TEACHING HANDWRITING IS TO PROVIDE CHILDREN WITH A MEANS OF EXPRESSING THEIR THOUGHTS AND IDEAS. THROUGH THE USE OF APPROPRIATE ACTIVITIES, STUDENTS HAVE THE OPPORTUNITY TO ACQUIRE THE NECESSARY SKILLS TO ENABLE THEM TO WRITE EASILY AND LEGIBLY. THIS GUIDE HAS BEEN PREPARED TO AID IN DEVELOPING A SYSTEMATIC PROGRAM TO HELP…

HORWATH, FENTON; AND OTHERS

354

Legacy leadership: The leadership wisdom of the Apostle Paul  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is recent increasing interest in the spiritual dimensions of work, organizations and leadership coupled with heightened interest in Biblical perspectives on leadership. For example, recent works by Manz [Manz, C. (1998). The leadership wisdom of Jesus: Practical lessons for today. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler.] and Manz, Manz, Marx, & Neck [Manz, C., Manz, K., Marx, R., and Neck, C. (2001).

J. Lee Whittington; Tricia M. Pitts; Woody V. Kageler; Vicki L. Goodwin

2005-01-01

355

Case Studies in Science Education: PaulÂGrade 6  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The first two sentences of the benchmark are addressed as a sixth grade teacher engages his students in building a structure of straws and paper clips. Two constraints are imposed: the structure must be as high as possible, and the students have ten minutes to complete the structure.

Astrophysics, Harvard-Smithsonian C.

356

Case Studies in Science Education: PaulÂGrade 6  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A sixth grade teacher engages his students in building a structure of straws and paper clips. Two constraints are imposed: the structure must be as high as possible, and the students have ten minutes to complete the structure.

Astrophysics, Harvard-Smithsonian C.

357

Comment [on “The Zen of Venn” by Paul Arthur Berkman  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I must protest the spreading misuse and mislabeling of intersecting-domain diagrams in the peritechnical literature (“The Zen of Venn,” Eos, May 20, 1997, p. 209). To begin with, the drawing in Figure 1 of that note is not, strictly speaking, a Venn diagram. The logician John Venn proposed a scheme of diagrammatic analysis for categorical statements and simple syllogisms that used intersecting circles and specifically defined symbols to determine the consistency and/or validity of rigorous logical constructs [Venn, 1880; Quine, 1953]. Extension of the method to the graphical representation of unions and intersections of sets (mathematically defined objects) can assist visualization and is ordinarily inoffensive. Attempts, such as this one, to adapt it to represent vague associations of ill-defined and disparate concepts both offend the underlying logical basis of the method and fail to convey precise or even useful information.

Toulmin, Priestley

358

Reply to “Dicing with earthquakes,” by Paul W. Burton  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paper by Burton [1996], besides its unusual title, contains a lot of points that are inaccurate, or erroneous. A clear misuse of statistics is made by Burton, because he handles values of one parameter (i.e., magnitude) without paying attention to essential points like the following: the magnitude value of a prediction referring to a main shock in an area, which becomes very rarely active with such events, cannot be treated equally with a prediction that may have the same magnitude value, but refers to an aftershock in another area. By using simple rules of statistics, we show that the statistical treatment used by Burton is obviously wrong and can “reject” even an ideal prediction method. Furthermore, we show that Burton's criticism on the magnitudes predicted by VAN, is based on a clear misinterpretation of the true meaning of the experimental error and of Gutenberg-Richter relation; the related Burton's claims, contradict the physical expectation. The appropriate spatial resolution of an earthquake prediction is also discussed. For magnitudes between 5.5 and 6.0, the spatial resolution usually achieved by VAN is around 50km; such a value is reasonable from practical point of view, if we also consider the dimensions of the source. For larger magnitudes, i.e., around 7.5, a spatial resolution of ˜150km would be accepted. Therefore, Burton's [1996] claims for VAN to increase the spatial resolution are unjustified, as they have some basis only for smaller events (˜5.0-units) which, however, have no much practical interest. Last but not least, Burton uses unusual phrases like “a posteriori demonstration of predictions prevailed,” “unclear retrospective filters” or “too much is often claimed from too little,” but does not mention facts, e.g., that during the three years period under discussion (i.e., 1987-1989) VAN issued only one public alarm, which was followed by the most strong and destructive activity during this period.

Varotsos, P.; Lazaridou, M.

359

Reading Paul in the Light of Differing Frameworks of Thinking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a not very distant past one method of interpretation has dominated New Testament (NT) studies almost totally. The historical-critical method and its application in so-called appropriate exegesis has often uncritically been perceived as the means via which "the original and thus right" understanding of a text could be found. More recently this…

Ehrensperger, Kathy

2005-01-01

360

Paul Otlet's Book and the Writing of Social Space.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Suggests that a close reading of Otlet's notion of the book reveals a concern with force and dynamics which undermine traditional notions of the book and raise questions about the positivistic nature of Otlet's work. Topics include the possibility of social change by information; and multiplicity and contemporary hypertextuality. (Author/LRW)|

Day, Ron

1997-01-01

361

Reading Paul in the Light of Differing Frameworks of Thinking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In a not very distant past one method of interpretation has dominated New Testament (NT) studies almost totally. The historical-critical method and its application in so-called appropriate exegesis has often uncritically been perceived as the means via which "the original and thus right" understanding of a text could be found. More recently this…

Ehrensperger, Kathy

2005-01-01

362

Case Studies in Science Education: PaulÂGrade 6  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

After an initial lesson eight weeks earlier, this sixth grade class continues to work on structures. Their culminating project, which the teacher uses as a performance assessment, requires them to build a bridge designed within certain constraints: a car must be able to go up and over the bridge as well as under it, and the materials, which the student groups request, must "cost" as little as possible. The segment shows students working on the bridge, identifying problems (such as a slope that is too steep) in a trial run, the final demonstrations of the bridges, and the class discussion of what students learned from the design experience.

Astrophysics, Harvard-Smithsonian C.

363

Case Studies in Science Education: PaulÂGrade 6  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

After an initial lesson eight weeks earlier, this sixth grade class continues to work on structures. Their culminating project, which the teacher uses as a performance assessment, requires them to build a bridge designed within certain constraints: a car must be able to go up and over the bridge as well as under it, and the materials, which the student groups request, must "cost" as little as possible. The segment shows students working on the bridge, identifying problems (such as a slope that is too steep) in a trial run, the final demonstrations of the bridges, and the class discussion of what students learned from the design experience. In connection with this experience, students learn terms related to structural design.

Astrophysics, Harvard-Smithsonian C.

364

Case Studies in Science Education: PaulÂGrade 6  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The first two sentences of the benchmark are addressed as a sixth grade teacher engages his students in building a structure of straws and paper clips. Two constraints are imposed: the structure must be as high as possible, and the students have ten minutes to complete the structure. Records are kept about problems encountered during the construction. After the structures are completed, the class discusses reasons for the problems and what makes strong structures. (Example: "Which works better, the triangle or the square?") The teacher speaks about the importance of having students reflect on what they are thinking and doing as they develop their structures.

Astrophysics, Harvard-Smithsonian C.

365

Case Studies in Science Education: PaulÂGrade 6  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

After an initial lesson eight weeks earlier, this sixth grade class continues to work on structures. Their culminating project, which the teacher uses as a performance assessment, requires them to build a bridge designed within certain constraints: a car must be able to go up and over the bridge as well as under it, and the materials, which the student groups request, must "cost" as little as possible. The segment shows students working on the bridge, identifying problems (such as a slope that is too steep) in a trial run, the final demonstrations of the bridges, and the class discussion of what students learned from the design experience. Referring to the trial runs, the teacher asks students such questions as what they had to change to perfect their bridges and why they chose the materials they did.

Astrophysics, Harvard-Smithsonian C.

366

Case Studies in Science Education: PaulÂGrade 6  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

After an initial lesson eight weeks earlier, this sixth grade class continues to work on structures. Their culminating project, which the teacher uses as a performance assessment, requires them to build a bridge designed within certain constraints: a car must be able to go up and over the bridge as well as under it, and the materials, which the student groups request, must "cost" as little as possible. The segment shows students working on the bridge, identifying problems (such as a slope that is too steep) in a trial run, the final demonstrations of the bridges, and the class discussion of what students learned from the design experience. Throughout this unit, students practice using what they have learned about design and construction.

Astrophysics, Harvard-Smithsonian C.

367

Snow Cover and Winter Soil Temperatures at St. Paul, Minnesota.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objectives of the study of winter soil temperatures under a sod cover were to show the configuration of the soil isotherm patterns, in particular that of 0C, and to determine which soil thermal characteristics can be estimated by the snow cover. The t...

D. G. Baker

1971-01-01

368

Paul Gauguin and the origin of Art Noveau  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the turn of the century there has been widespread acknowledgement that Alphonse Mucha inspired the birth of the Art Nouveau movement when he created the 'Gismonda' poster advertising the opening of the Sarah Bernhardt play of that name in Paris in 1894. At an estate sale in 1954 a small collage bearing a likeness of the Mucha 'Gismonda' was

John F. Asmus

1997-01-01

369

Paul Seymour, Assistant Professor A Dilemma Case in Teaching  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This case study explores two of the major issues that confront new faculty when they experiment with a new method of teaching like case study teaching. The first issue is how to introduce the new method into the classroom successfully when both the instructor and the students are novices. The second issue concerns the possible consequences of focusing heavily on teaching in an environment where research, not teaching, is not the primary criterion for promotion and tenure.

Herreid, Clyde F.

2006-01-01

370

U.S. ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS ST. PAUL DISTRICT  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document is an evaluation of the environmental effects of the proposed implementation of flood damage reduction activities in the communities of East Grand Forks, Minnesota and Grand Forks, North Dakota. After an evaluation of alternatives, a plan was selected which would provide flood damage reduction through the construction of levees within the communities. The selection of the levee alignments

GRAND FORKS

371

The Narrated Self and Characterization: Paul Auster s Literary Personae  

Microsoft Academic Search

important feature is the theme of complex identity, and the novels can be read as an exploration of identity problems in the postmodern age, where the idea of the autonomous subject has given way to an understanding of subject and identity characterized by instability and complexity. The trilogy's short novels all depict characters that in different ways and on varying

ANNE MARIT K. BERGE

372

Paul Ehrlich's magic bullet concept: 100 years of progress  

Microsoft Academic Search

Exceptional advances in molecular biology and genetic research have expedited cancer drug development tremendously. The declared paradigm is the development of 'personalized and tailored drugs' that precisely target the specific molecular defects of a cancer patient. It is therefore appropriate to revisit the intellectual foundations of the development of such agents, as many have shown great clinical success. One hundred

Axel Ullrich; Klaus Strebhardt

2008-01-01

373

Paul J. Smith - Climate Change, Weak States and the \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Climate change is emerging as one of the key security challenges of the 21st century, a challenge that will increasingly have effects in the realm of counter-terrorism. Since January 2002, the United States Government has grounded its counter-terrorism policies within an international\\/diplomatic framework of well-governed states that have the capacity and willingness to cooperate with the United States. Climate change

Paul J. Smith

2007-01-01

374

Universites en Afrique: Pour une Strategie de Stabilisation et de Revitalisation (Universities in Africa: Strategies for Stabilization and Revitalization).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study explores what can be done to overcome the current crisis of quality, relevance and finance in African universities. It catalogues the accomplishments of African universities, identifies current problems, and signals likely solutions. It analyzes...

W. S. Saint

1993-01-01

375

PESC '85; Annual Power Electronics Specialists Conference, 16th, Universite de Toulouse III, France, June 24-28, 1985, Record  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The conference presents papers on dc-dc power topologies, inverters and cycloconverters, power semiconductor devices, high-power conversion, dc-to-dc converters, systems and simulation, static power converters, ac drives, analysis and controls. Specific topics include 500 V BIMOS technology and its applications, state plane analysis of a parallel resonant converter, the application of power MOSFET at 10 MHz, the automatic interconnection between solar cells and an inverter, bipolar power flow in a dc/ac converter with only one high-frequency switch pair, high-power asymmetrical thyristors, a series resonant converter using flyback control, and an electronic power conditioner for carcionotrons. Papers are also presented on the fast transient behavior of thyristor switches, a novel sine wave in an ac-to-dc converter with high-frequency transformer isolation, high-Q approximations in the small signal analysis of resonant converters and straightforward discrete modeling for power converter systems.

1985-12-01

376

Relief of intractable cancer pain by human chromaffin cell transplants: experience at two medical centers.  

PubMed

In addition to its possible role as a replacement source in CNS degenerative diseases, neural transplantation may be used to augment the normal production of neuroactive substances. Our laboratory at the University of Illinois at Chicago has shown, in both acute and chronic pain models, that transplantation of adrenal medullary tissue or isolated chromaffin cells into CNS pain modulatory regions can reduce pain sensitivity in rodents. Chromaffin cells were chosen as the donor source since they produce high levels of both opioid peptides and catecholamines, substances which reduce pain sensitivity when injected locally into the spinal subarachnoid space. The analgesia produced by these transplants probably results from the release of both opioid peptides and catecholamines since it can be blocked or attenuated by both opiate and adrenergic antagonists. Studies indicate that even over long periods there is no apparent development of tolerance. Promising results have been obtained in preliminary clinical studies using allografts of adrenal medulla to relieve cancer pain. This clinical review encompasses results at two Medical Centers-University of Illinois at Chicago and University Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France-in assessing efficacy of subarachnoid adrenal medullary transplantation for alleviating cancer pain. Our clinical and autopsy data strongly support our previous laboratory studies, i.e., that chromaffin cell transplants into the subarachnoid space represent a promising new approach to the alleviation of chronic pain. It is suggested that further clinical studies are now warranted. PMID:9090640

Pappas, G D; Lazorthes, Y; Bès, J C; Tafani, M; Winnie, A P

1997-02-01

377

Transition metals to sulfur binding energies relationship to catalytic activities in HDS: back to Sabatier with first principle calculations 1 This work has been undertaken within the “GdR Dynamique Moléculaire Quantique Appliquée à la Catalyse”, a joint project of Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Technische Universität Wien, and Institut Français du Pétrole. 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have undertaken systematic calculations of transition metal sulfides bulk crystal structures, electronic and energetic properties at the first principles level (DFT, GGA, PW-USPP, PBC, implemented in the Vienna Ab initio Simulation Package, VASP). Relaxed cell parameters and ionic positions showed an excellent agreement with the experimental values. Computed and experimental cohesive energies agreed within 3%. We re-defined the metal–sulfur

Herve Toulhoat; Pascal Raybaud; Slavik Kasztelan; Georg Kresse; Jurgen Hafner

1999-01-01

378

1975 Employment--Minnesota and Minneapolis-St. Paul Metropolitan Area and 11 Economic Regions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Bureau of Labor Statistics national industry-occupational matrix was used to project employment for 1975 by occupation and industry for Minnesota and several areas within the state. In addition to the 1975 projections, the report provides statewide and area employment data for 1960 and 1968, by occupation and industry, along with the…

Minnesota State Dept. of Manpower Services, St. Paul.

379

Instability heating of sympathetically cooled ions in a linear Paul trap  

SciTech Connect

Sympathetic laser cooling of ions stored within a linear-geometry, radio frequency, electric-quadrupole trap has been investigated using computational and theoretical techniques. The simulation, which allows five sample ions to interact with 35 laser-cooled atomic ions, revealed an instability heating mechanism, which can prevent ions below a certain critical mass from being sympathetically cooled. This critical mass can, however, be varied by changing the trapping field parameters, thus allowing ions with a very large range of masses to be sympathetically cooled using a single ion species. A theoretical explanation of this instability heating mechanism is presented which predicts that the cooling-heating boundary in trapping parameter space is a line of constant q{sub u} (ion trap stability coefficient), a result supported by the computational results. The threshold value of q{sub u} depends on the masses of the interacting ions. A functional form of this dependence is given.

Harmon, T.J.; Moazzan-Ahmadi, N.; Thompson, R.I. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta, T2N 1N4 (Canada)

2003-01-01

380

Groundwater Resources of Ribeira Paul Basin, Island of Santo Antao, Cape Verde, West Africa  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Groundwater resources in Cape Verde provide water for agriculture, industry, and human consumption. These resources are limited and susceptible to contamination. Additional groundwater resources are needed for continued agricultural development, particularly during times of drought, but increased use and (or) climatic change may have adverse effects on the quantity and quality of freshwater available. In volcanic island aquifers such as those of Cape Verde, a lens of fresh groundwater typically ?floats? upon a layer of brackish water at the freshwater/saltwater boundary, and increased pumping may cause salt water intrusion or other contamination. A recent U.S. Geological Survey study assessed baseline groundwater conditions in watersheds on three islands of Cape Verde to provide the scientific basis for sustainably developing water resources and minimizing future groundwater depletion and contamination.

Heilweil, Victor M.; Gingerich, Stephen B.; Verstraeten, Ingrid M.

2010-01-01

381

Will Capitalism Survive? A Challenge by Paul Johnson with Twelve Responses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A challenge on the survival of capitalism and its future is set forth in this document. Although industrial capitalism is strong, five dangers that threaten its survival are cited: (1) the collectivist bias of Western intellectuals; (2) the influence of the ecological apocalyptics; (3) the assault on the market by big government; (4) the…

Lefever, Ernest W., Ed.

382

Précis of Paul Starr's The Social Transformation of American Medicine. 1982.  

PubMed

The following is a presentation of selected passages from The Social Transformation of American Medicine (original pages numbers enclosed in parentheses) in tandem with the names of the authors in this retrospective issue and the various themes and issues they address. PMID:15702519

Starr, Paul

383

District heating\\/cogeneration application studies for the Minneapolis - St. Paul area  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Department of Energy, Minnesota Energy Agency, Northern States Power Company, and other local government and private organizations are cooperatively performing an in-depth application study to determine the feasibility of district heating for a large northern US city. A Swedish firm, Studsvik, has developed an overall scenario and has attemped to show the potential of a fully implemented system. The

H. Jaehne; M. A. Karnitz; A. Rubin; P. Margen

1979-01-01

384

Large-scale cogeneration\\/district heating studies for the Minneapolis--St. Paul area  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Department of Energy, Minnesota Energy Agency, Northern States Power Company, and other local government and private organizations are cooperatively performing an in-depth application study to determine the feasibility of district heating for a large northern U.S. city. Over 90% of the space and water heating requirements in the United States are currently supplied by oil and gas. Hence, district

M. A. Karnitz; A. M. Rubin

1978-01-01

385

Feasibility of a large district heating-cogeneration system for the Minneapolis-St. Paul area  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Department of Energy, Minnesota Energy Agency, Northern States Power Company, and other local government and private organizations are cooperatively performing an in-depth application study to determine the feasibility of district heating for a large northern US city. A Swedish firm, Studsvik, has developed an overall scenario and has attempted to show the potential of a fully implemented system. The

H. Jaehne; M. A. Karnitz; A. Rubin; P. Margen

1979-01-01

386

Large-city district-heating studies for the Minneapolis--St. Paul area  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Department of Energy, Minnesota Energy Agency, Northern States Power Company, and other local government and private organizations are cooperatively performing an in-depth application study to determine the feasibility of district heating for a large northern-U.S. city. Over 90% of the space- and water-heating requirements are currently supplied by oil and gas. Hence, district heating can potentially replace large quantities

M. A. Karnitz; A. M. Rubin

1978-01-01

387

A Study of the Significance of the History of Religions for the Theology of Paul Tillich  

Microsoft Academic Search

The thesis seeks to show how Tillich, in laying the foundation for a new structure of religious thought, was developing his basic theological position in a new direction in dialogue with the different spiritual insights of the world religions. It attempts to examine Tll1ich's dynamic-typological approach to the history of religions and to show the significance of the quasi-religions for

Glyn Richards

1970-01-01

388

Letter Written by Paul B. Plumb to the Bryant College Service Club Dated April 4, 1943  

Microsoft Academic Search

[Transcription begins] QUARTERMASTER SCHOOL CAMP LEE, VIRGINIA\\u000aApril 4, 1943\\u000aDear Bryant club-members:\\u000aMany thanks to you for the cigarettes and letter. They came at a time when they were most appreciated, since I was having a rest as a patient in the hospital when they arrived. All’s well here now, and I’m rapidly getting back in shape.\\u000aSince a

Paul B. Plumb

1943-01-01

389

Very Small Horses: Visualizing Motion at the Nanoscale SimonTarrand? PaulS.?Weiss  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early motion pictures led to new understanding of the natural world. The late-19th-century research of the photographers and scientists who pioneered the field of chronophotography allowed photographic depictions of motion nearly two decades before the Lumière brothers filmed workers leaving their factory. We begin this paper considering the fundamental nature of how objects and their motion are visible or are

Simon Tarr; Paul S. Weiss

2012-01-01

390

Paul Verlaine and A Platonic Lament : Beardsley's Portrayal of a Parallel Love Story in Wilde's Salome  

Microsoft Academic Search

FROM THE MOMENT Oscar Wilde’s and Aubrey Beardsley’s Salome first appeared in 1894, the English illustrated edition has been a cause célèbre, with Beardsley bearing the brunt of the blame. Erotic details were openly portrayed, most appearing to have nothing to do with Wilde’s words.1 Readers wondered whether Wilde liked or disliked the illustrations; critics questioned the relationship between image

Joan Navarre

2008-01-01

391

Field-test results of aquifer thermal energy storage at St. Paul, Minnesota  

Microsoft Academic Search

A field-test facility (FTF) for aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) was designed, constructed, and operated to study the feasibility of moderately high-temperature thermal energy storage in a confined aquifer. The FTF was designed to inject and recover heat at a rate of 5 MW (thermal) using a well doublet spaced at 255 m, operating t a maximum water temperature of

M. Hoyer; J. Hallgren; S. Eisenreich; R. Sterling

1994-01-01

392

Aquifer thermal energy storage district cooling in downtown St. Paul: Feasibility study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Is it feasible to store winter-chilled groundwater in an aquifer for summer air conditioning via a district cooling system. This study examined building loads, hydrogeologic factors, cooling system design, distribution alternatives, legal factors and economic feasibility. Groundwater would be pumped to the surface, cooled to 2.5°C using ambient water air, and injected into a second well for storage. The original

Spurr

1986-01-01

393

Auxiliary partial orthotopic liver transplantation for fulminant hepatitis. The Paul Brousse experience.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: The authors objective is to report their experience with auxiliary partial orthotopic liver transplantation in fulminant hepatitis (FH) and to discuss the principles that may help in its safe application. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Auxiliary partial orthotopic liver transplantation is an attractive therapeutic method in FH because it provides hepatic function, whereas the remaining native liver is given the possibility to recover. Despite early encouraging reports, its place in the treatment of FH remains to be defined. METHODS: Evaluation of 5 cases of FH treated with auxiliary partial orthotopic liver transplantation from a collective of 22 transplantations for 35 cases of FH referred to the authors' center from January 1994 to November 1995. The grafts were one left lobe, two left livers, and two right livers. RESULTS: The native liver regenerated in three patients: one with Reye's syndrome who died of irreversible neurologic damage, one with FH caused by the hepatitis B virus who is alive 20 months after ABO incompatible graft removal, and one with FH caused by the hepatitis A virus who had her graft removed at 4 months. In two patients, regeneration did not occur: one with drug-induced FH who died of sepsis 3 months after surgery and one with FH of unknown origin who was retransplanted with a standard liver transplantation at 4 months for uncontrollable biliary rejection of an ABO incompatible graft (alive at 10 months). Two of the three patients who survived suffered severe neurologic complications. CONCLUSIONS: Auxiliary partial orthotopic liver transplantation is an attractive treatment for FH, especially in the presence of good prognostic factors for native liver regeneration: a young patient, rapid onset of the disease, and viral hepatitis. It should be considered cautiously in patients with advanced encephalopathy. By providing a smaller mass of liver tissue than with standard orthotopic liver transplantation, and as a more complex operative procedure, auxiliary partial orthotopic liver transplantation may not be as effective in arresting the progression of neurologic damage. Images Figure 1. Figure 2. Figure 3. Figure 4. Figure 5. Figure 6. Figure 7. Figure 8. Figure 9.

Bismuth, H; Azoulay, D; Samuel, D; Reynes, M; Grimon, G; Majno, P; Castaing, D

1996-01-01

394

Electronic structure and Slater Pauling behaviour in half-metallic Heusler alloys calculated from first principles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intermetallic Heusler alloys are amongst the most attractive half-metallic systems due to their high Curie temperatures and their structural similarity to binary semiconductors. In this review we present an overview of the basic electronic and magnetic properties of both Heusler families: the so-called half-Heusler alloys like NiMnSb and the full-Heusler alloys like Co2MnGe. Ab initio results suggest that both the

I. Galanakis; Ph Mavropoulos; P. H. Dederichs

2006-01-01

395

Paul A. Elsner Library & High Technology Complex and Life Science Building, Mesa Community College, Mesa, Arizona.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents design features of a community college library and high technology complex and life science building that combines traditional library functions with computer and multi-media commons, mediated classrooms, video communications network studios, and administrative offices and student services. Photos are included. (GR)|

Design Cost Data, 2001

2001-01-01

396

Patterns of tobacco use in a sample of American Indians in Minneapolis-St. Paul  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to identify patterns of tobacco initiation, current use, and smoking cessation and their correlates in the adult American Indian population in the Twin Cities, using community-based participatory research methods. A total of 300 American Indians aged 18 years or older participated in in-person interviews. Participants were recruited to fill age-gender quotas that reflect the

Jean L. Forster; Kristine L. Rhodes; John Poupart; Lannesse O. Baker; Cynthia Davey

2007-01-01

397

Asceticism and Christian Identity in Antiquity: A Dialogue with Foucault and Paul  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presentations of Christian identity in antiquity are often in line with modern Protestantism, in which renunciation and asceticism do not play an important role. In contrast, this article takes asceticism as its starting point, and introduces Foucault and his discussion of askesis as a point of departure. His focus on ethics as a way to constitute oneself as a moral

Halvor Moxnes

2003-01-01

398

Henry, Paul (1848-1905) and Henry, Prosper (1849-1903) [known as Frères Henry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Born in Nancy, the brothers worked together at the Paris Observatory searching for minor planets. Decided to exploit photography to facilitate the search and thus built telescopes at home for the purpose. With the encouragement of the then director of the observatory (Admiral Mouchez), built (1885) a 34 cm photographic refractor; this work was the foundation of the Carte du Ciel project to ph...

Murdin, P.

2000-11-01

399

Micromotion-induced limit to atom-ion sympathetic cooling in Paul traps.  

PubMed

We present, and derive analytic expressions for, a fundamental limit to the sympathetic cooling of ions in radio-frequency traps using cold atoms. The limit arises from the work done by the trap electric field during a long-range ion-atom collision and applies even to cooling by a zero-temperature atomic gas in a perfectly compensated trap. We conclude that in current experimental implementations, this collisional heating prevents access to the regimes of single-partial-wave atom-ion interaction or quantized ion motion. We determine conditions on the atom-ion mass ratio and on the trap parameters for reaching the s-wave collision regime and the trap ground state. PMID:23368457

Cetina, Marko; Grier, Andrew T; Vuleti?, Vladan

2012-12-19

400

Motional Resonances of Sympathetically Cooled 44Ca+, Zn+, or Ga+ Ions in a Linear Paul Trap  

Microsoft Academic Search

44Ca+, Zn+, or Ga+ ions are sympathetically cooled by Coulomb interaction with laser-cooled 40Ca+ ions, and motional resonances of these ions are observed by monitoring the fluorescence of the 40Ca+ ions. In the experiment of sympathetic cooling of 44Ca+, the ratio of the decrease in the fluorescence signal at the motional resonance of the sympathetically cooled species to that at

Yoshiki Kai; Kenji Toyoda; Masayoshi Watanabe; Shinji Urabe

2001-01-01

401

Instability heating of sympathetically cooled ions in a linear Paul trap  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sympathetic laser cooling of ions stored within a linear-geometry, radio frequency, electric-quadrupole trap has been investigated using computational and theoretical techniques. The simulation, which allows five sample ions to interact with 35 laser-cooled atomic ions, revealed an instability heating mechanism, which can prevent ions below a certain critical mass from being sympathetically cooled. This critical mass can, however, be varied

T. J. Harmon; N. Moazzan-Ahmadi; R. I. Thompson

2003-01-01

402

Micromotion-Induced Limit to Atom-Ion Sympathetic Cooling in Paul Traps  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present, and derive analytic expressions for, a fundamental limit to the sympathetic cooling of ions in radio-frequency traps using cold atoms. The limit arises from the work done by the trap electric field during a long-range ion-atom collision and applies even to cooling by a zero-temperature atomic gas in a perfectly compensated trap. We conclude that in current experimental implementations, this collisional heating prevents access to the regimes of single-partial-wave atom-ion interaction or quantized ion motion. We determine conditions on the atom-ion mass ratio and on the trap parameters for reaching the s-wave collision regime and the trap ground state.

Cetina, Marko; Grier, Andrew T.; Vuleti?, Vladan

2012-12-01

403

Romans 4:1—8 as a Test Case for the New Perspective on Paul  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article contrasts a “traditional” exegesis of Romans 4:1—8 with two prominent “New Perspective” interpretations of the passage. As representatives of the latter paradigm, James D. G. Dunn and N. T. Wright offer explanations of the text which diverge from its conventional reading due to their redefinition of “justification” as the inclusion of Gentiles within the covenant people and “works

S. Brian Pounds

2011-01-01

404

76 FR 44015 - Thirteenth International Paul-Ehrlich-Seminar: Allergen Products for Diagnosis and Therapy...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Ehrlich-Seminar: Allergen Products for Diagnosis and Therapy...regulation of allergenic products with respect to their...regulators to discuss natural and modified allergens...characterization of natural allergenic products; Methods in...

2011-07-22

405

Robbing Peter to Pay Paul: Coverage of State and International Information in Government Documents Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors surveyed instructors of graduate-level government documents courses in the United States regarding their coverage of IGO, foreign, and state government information. Though instructors value this information, most allot too few class hours to it. The creation of specialized distance education courses by an alliance of LIS programs…

Griffiths, David; Hogenboom, Karen

2005-01-01

406

A time for growth: an interview with Amgen CEO Kevin Sharer. Interview by Paul Hemp.  

PubMed

Fast growth is a nice problem to have--but a hard one to manage well. In this interview, Kevin Sharer, the CEO of biotech giant Amgen, talks about the special challenges leaders face when their companies are on a roll. Sharer, who was also head of marketing at pre-WorldCom MCI and a division head and a staff assistant to Jack Welch at GE, offers insights drawn from his own experience--and from his own self-proclaimed blunders: "I learned the hard way that you need to become credible and enlist support inside the company before you start trying to be a change agent. If you think you're going to make change happen simply by force of personality or position or intellect, you'd better think again." And change there was: Under Sharer's leadership, Amgen overhauled its management team, altered its culture, and launched a couple of blockbuster products. How do chief executives survive in that kind of dizzying environment? "A CEO must always be switching between different altitudes--tasks of different levels of abstraction and specificity," Sharer says. "You might need to spend time working on a redesign of your organizational structure and then quickly switch to drafting a memo to all employees aimed at reinforcing one of the company's values." Having a supportive and capable top team is also key: "A top management team is the most revealing window into a CEO's style, values, and aspirations.... If you don't have the right top team, you won't have the right tiers below them. [The] A players won't work for B players. Maybe with a company like GE, the reputation of the company is so strong that it can attract top people to work for weaker managers. In a new company like Amgen, that won't happen." PMID:15241953

Sharer, Kevin

407

76 FR 44359 - Paul Weir Battershell, N.P.; Suspension Of Registration  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...physician, who was ``a specialist in this area,'' as well as an MRI to support this. Id. at 402. At the hearing, Respondent testified...that he had both a document from Lundahl's physician and an MRI to support the prescription. While Respondent's denial...

2011-07-25

408

A World in One Dimension: Linus Pauling, Francis Crick and the Central Dogma of Molecular Biology  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1957, Francis Crick outlined a startling vision of life in which the great diversity of forms and shapes of macromolecules was encoded in the one-dimensional sequence of nucleic acids. This paper situates Crick's new vision in the debates of the 1950s about protein synthesis and gene action. After exploring the reception of Crick's ideas, it shows how they differed

Bruno J. Strasser

2006-01-01

409

The Search for Models of Clinical Judgment: Fast, Frugal, and Friendly in Paul Meehl's Spirit  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract ,Most psychologists have classified Meehl’s “disturbing little book” as an attack against the reliability of clinical judgment and as a call for the replacement of clinical judges by actuarial methods. But Meehl had a lot more to say. His book presented three challenges to the study of judgment that have received scant attention. Psychologists have to develop (a) context-specificm

Konstantinos Katsikopoulos; Edouard Machery; Thorsten Pachur; Annika Wallin

410

Paul Rickert's Tax Day TEA Party Speech - Lafayette Square, Washington, DC  

Microsoft Academic Search

Here is the text to my speech given at Lafayette Square, on April 15, 2009 at the National Tax Day TEA Party event. I had not concluded my remarks when the Secret Service shut down the event for safety concerns over a package being thrown over the fence onto the White House lawn. In the end it only had tea

Paul R Rickert

2009-01-01

411

Letter Written by Paul B. Plumb to the Bryant College Service Club Dated May 17, 1942  

Microsoft Academic Search

[Transcription begins]\\u000aU. S. ARMY\\u000aMay 17, 1942\\u000aDear Bryant Faithfuls:\\u000aWhat a swell club you have, and so well organized too. It certainly was a grand surprise to receive the cigarettes. You may be interested in knowing that Chesterfields are by far the favorites here at Camp Lee, that soldiers smoke about a package a day (because our days

Paul B. Plumb

1942-01-01

412

THE USE OF JEWISH SCRIPTURES IN QUMRAN AND PAUL AS A MEANS OF SELF-DEFINITION  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the thesis is to examine the use of Jewish scriptures in connection with the self-definition of the Qumran community and the early church. The working hypothesis is that self-definition and scriptural interpretation were reciprocally conditioning factors in both Qumran and the early church. That is, on the one hand, each group found itself described in the scriptures

WAYNE OSBORNE MCCREADY

1980-01-01

413

The Use of Jewish Scriptures in Qumran and Paul as a Means of Self-Definition  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the thesis is to examine the use of Jewish scriptures in connection with the self-definition of the Qumran community and the early church. The working hypothesis is that self-definition and scriptural interpretation were reciprocally conditioning factors in both, Qumran and the early church. That is, on the one hand, each group found itself described in the scriptures

Wayne Osborne McCready

1980-01-01

414

Paul A. Elsner Library & High Technology Complex and Life Science Building, Mesa Community College, Mesa, Arizona.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents design features of a community college library and high technology complex and life science building that combines traditional library functions with computer and multi-media commons, mediated classrooms, video communications network studios, and administrative offices and student services. Photos are included. (GR)

Design Cost Data, 2001

2001-01-01

415

Letter Written by Paul B. Plumb to the Bryant College Service Club Dated September 12, 1943  

Microsoft Academic Search

[Transcription begins]\\u000aCAMP LEEVIRGINIA\\u000aSept. 12, 1943\\u000aDear Bryant friends:\\u000aAfter many months here I am again with a little news about a few of our Bryant servicemen. Since I’ve been on the move most of the time during the past 4 months I’ve lost contact with many of our boys, but seem to run into a few of them

Paul B. Plumb

1943-01-01

416

77 FR 68149 - Karen Paul Holley, M.D.; Decision and Order  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Government), issued an Order to Show Cause (OSC), dated May 21, 2012, proposing to revoke...pursuant to 21 U.S.C. 823(f). In the OSC, the Government alleges that revocation...state of the Respondent's registration. OSC, at 1-2. On July 3, 2012, the...

2012-11-15

417

Leaders in American Medicine - Paul B Beeson, MD, and Eugene A Stead, Jr, MD.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Doctors stead and beeson began their joint work at grady hospital in atlanta. Beeson used penicillin to prevent fatal diseases. Later, studying shock and heart failure, stead co-authored a paper of lasting significance in this field. Each doctor discusses...

1994-01-01

418

Leaders in American Medicine - Paul B Beeson, MD, and Eugene A Stead, Jr, MD.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Doctors Stead and Beeson began their joint work at Grady Hospital in Atlanta. Beeson used pencillin to prevent fatal diseases. Later, studying shock and heart failure, Stead co-authored a paper of lasting significance in this field. Each doctor discusses ...

1994-01-01

419

75 FR 77899 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Minnesota Indian Affairs Council, St. Paul and Bemidji, MN  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Traverse Reservation, South Dakota; Spirit Lake Tribe, North Dakota; and Upper...Traverse Reservation, South Dakota; Spirit Lake Tribe, North Dakota; and Upper...Traverse Reservation, South Dakota; Spirit Lake Tribe, North Dakota; and...

2010-12-14

420

Preaching Paul after Auschwitz: a Christian liberation theology of the Jewish people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many historians claim that the worst atrocity in the history of humanity was the Nazi Holocaust. The silence of a large segment of the Church during the Holocaust has thrust Christianity into a major identity crises and theological struggle. Some post-Holocaust Christian theologians, such as Rosemary R. Ruether, claim that anti-Jewish theology is so thoroughly ingrained at the core of

Sidney G. Hall

1988-01-01

421

PAUL RICŒUR EN SIGMUND FREUD. ENIGE OPMERKINGEN OVER HERMENEUTIEK EN PSYCHOANALYSE  

Microsoft Academic Search

La psychanalyse freudienne est de bout en bout interprétation ; Freud établit des règles pour l'interprétation, il donne une clé herméneutique, et ébranle et met en mouvement les interprétations existantes que l'homme donne de soi-même et du monde. D'autre part il est remarquable que l'oeuvre de Freud est inconnue et méconnue dans la littérature herméneutique. P. Ricoeur est le premier

Samuel IJSSELING

1968-01-01

422

The Ethics and Politics of Human Experimentation, by Paul M. McNeill.  

PubMed

...McNeill's book raises some very important questions about the ways in which a society comes to terms with the fact that the practice of medicine is more closely linked with experimentation than ever before. That often puts the doctor-patient relation into a new setting. We have registered our objection to McNeill's tendency to see that relationship, where experimentation is involved, in an adversarial form: there are, we must repeat, more than two sides to this argument, and the medical scientist's commitment is not only to truth at any cost any more than the medical practitioner's is to treatment in all circumstances. Objections do not mean that we cannot learn from this book: on the contrary they may help us to sharpen our perceptions of what should happen. Fair-mindedness would suggest that failure to fulfill expectations is nothing like as widespread or for that matter incurable as McNeill's polemical tone might lead us to believe. When McNeill ceases to be the prosecuting counsel the true worth of his comments will become more apparent. PMID:11653259

McCaughey, Davis

1995-10-01

423

Orbits and masses of twenty double stars discovered by Paul Couteau  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this article we present the orbits and masses of 20 double stars discovered by P. Couteau at the Nice Observatory (France), namely WDS 01450+2703 (COU 750), 03321+4340 (1688), 03423+3141 (691), 06503+2409 (768), 12409+2708 (596),14138+3059 (606), 15390+2545 (612), 16584+3943 (1289), 17075+3810 (1291), 17221+2310 (415), 18035+ 4032 (1785), 18043+4206 (1786), 19089+3404 (1462), 19180+2012 (321), 20151+3742 (2416), 20216+1930 (327 AB), 21593+4606 (2138), 22077+2622 (537), 22307+1758 (234) and 23199+2844 (439). For two of these stars, COU 750 and COU 1289, these are the first orbits to be published other than IAU Circulars; for the others, previously published orbits are improved on by those presented here. Star masses were in fifteen cases calculated from Hipparcos parallax data, and in the other five from dynamical parallaxes; in all cases, the error is estimated. Some of the other physical and orbital properties of these stars are also discussed. All the figures and tables are only available in electronic form at http://www.edpsciences.org

Docobo, J. A.; Ling, J. F.

2003-10-01

424

77 FR 52131 - FY 2012 Discretionary Funding Opportunity: Paul S. Sarbanes Transit in Parks Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...system (including the provision of facilities for pedestrians, bicycles, and non-motorized watercraft).'' The program funds...systems (including the provision of facilities for pedestrians, bicycles and non-motorized watercraft). iii. Water-borne...

2012-08-28

425

Black Poets of the United States: From Paul Laurence Dunbar to Langston Hughes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book attempts to assess a half century of Afro-American poetry published from 1890 to 1940, focusing on the human experience--individual and collective--from which this poetry was produced. In analyzing the place of black poetry in the American literary domain, attention is given to historical, religious, sociological, and cultural…

Wagner, Jean

426

Ludic Literacies at the Intersections of Cultures: An Interview with James Paul Gee  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Professor James Gee addresses issues of linguistics, literacies and cultures. Gee emphasises the importance of Discourses, and argues that the future of literacy studies lies in the interrogation of new media and the globalisation of culture.|

St. Clair, Ralf; Phipps, Alison

2008-01-01

427

Young Voices on Climate Change: The Paul F-Brandwein 2010 NSTA Lecture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Lynne Cherry Brandwein Lecture March 2010 National Science Teachers Association (NSTA) Conference, Philadelphia, PA. Young Voices on Climate Change: Inspired and Empowered Youth Tackle Climate Science and Find Climate Solutions. As a child, Lynne Cherry was profoundly connected to the natural world and a special place. She watched the destruction…

Cherry, Lynne

2011-01-01

428

Paying Peter and Paul: reconciling concepts of expertise with competency for a clinical career structure.  

PubMed

This paper identifies current UK policy for exploring both competence and expertise. It is argued that the purpose of assessing competence and expertise is relevant in deciding the approaches used. Different perspectives about competence, specifically those that have arisen in the United States and the United Kingdom, are considered in relation to how competencies may be developed and assessed. The different terms used in discussion about competency are also discussed. From the literature, criteria for selecting experts in nursing, the attributes of expertise and enabling factors are presented in relation to how expertise in practice may be judged. The pilot recognition process and development of evidence for the Royal College of Nursing's Expert Practice Project, together with its facilitation through critical companionship, are described. It is concluded that the processes necessary for demonstrating expertise in practice are consistent with the recognition that the attributes of expertise are interdependent, complex and situational. Critical companionship provides a mechanism which is primarily developmental and supportive, but focuses on practice development and practitioners' effectiveness and can result in the development of evidence for a range of different purposes such as demonstrating expertise, as well as practice development, service development and career progression. PMID:11235308

Manley, K; Garbett, R

2000-05-01

429

Young Voices on Climate Change: The Paul F-Brandwein 2010 NSTA Lecture  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Lynne Cherry Brandwein Lecture March 2010 National Science Teachers Association (NSTA) Conference, Philadelphia, PA. Young Voices on Climate Change: Inspired and Empowered Youth Tackle Climate Science and Find Climate Solutions. As a child, Lynne Cherry was profoundly connected to the natural world and a special place. She watched the destruction of her world. Now, through her Young Voices on Climate Change project, she is trying to give teachers and young people the tools to prevent planetary meltdown on a greater scale. Global climate change is upon us and the need for education and action is immediate. Outreach, visual storytelling, and scientific understanding are especially necessary in light of the recent polls that show that the public is becoming more confused and less concerned about climate change. Cherry's climate book, co-authored with photojournalist Gary Braasch, and her Young Voices on Climate Change films feature climate solutions. They're about win-win—save the environment, protect human health, reduce global warming gases, demonstrate youth making a difference with practical tools, motivate engagement in climate science, take pride in increased science literacy, reach young people through their hearts as well as their minds, and save money. Although young people can help their parents, peers and communities understand climate science, they can also show them that reducing CO2 is in their economic interest, and spur them to take action. School carbon reduction initiatives are spilling over into communities yielding measurable results in both global warming gas reductions and significant monetary savings.

Cherry, Lynne

2011-04-01

430

Robbing Peter to Pay Paul: resolving the contradiction of lifelong learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past half century many improvements have been documented in initial continuous education. Initial schooling is now near universal in Britain, staying-on rates for continuing post-compulsory education or training are rising, and high-level qualifications are becoming more prevalent. In terms of participation and qualification the differences between identifiable groups in society, while still large in some respects, are generally

Stephen Gorard

2002-01-01

431

A biblical critique on the prosperity gospel of Paul Yonggi Cho  

Microsoft Academic Search

His prosperity theology, cultivated in a developing, capitalistic country, appeals to the hearers and readers with a strong emphasis on affluence, which he says must be the characteristic of every Christian. He seems to come up with \\

Sooyoung David Kim

1989-01-01

432

Appropriating Apocalyptic: Paul Ricoeur's Hermeneutics and the Discourse of Mark 13  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Mark 13 predicts that certain events will occur literally within the generation of Jesus' contemporaries, and today's reader recognizes that some of these events have not taken place. The reader therefore appropriates the text as a false configuration of the world because it describes the world differently from how it is. However, the…

de Vries, Peter C.

2010-01-01

433

The Human Body and Sexuality in the Teaching of Pope John Paul II  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is well known that at times some Christian thinkers have adopted implicitly a very dualistic view of the human person -\\u000a dualistic in the sense of viewing the self as something which has or inhabits a body, rather than being a living, bodily entity. For example, some have thought of heaven, or the completed kingdom of\\u000a God, as something

Patrick Lee

434

Biography of a translation Madame Bovary between Eleanor Marx and Paul de Man  

Microsoft Academic Search

Eleanor Marx, the daughter of Karl Marx, published the first major English translation of Madame Bovary in 1886, the same year in which the first volume of Das Kapital would appear in English. This essay explores a number of related themes: the impact of a signature translation on the literary history of a classic; the “Marxist” theory of translation that

Emily Apter

2008-01-01

435

75 FR 23804 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Paul H. Karshner Memorial Museum, Puyallup, WA  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the mouth of the Salmon River on the shores of the...is no known ``Salmon River'' that drains into...however, ``Salmon Lagoon'' was a location with...Kiska Island at Salmon Lagoon and the date of the...Representatives of any other Indian tribe that believes...

2010-05-04

436

Orchardgrass hay equals alfalfa hay as grain replacement in UMN-St. Paul dairy trial  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

In a recent feeding trial with 50 Holstein dairy cows, replacing corn and soybean meal with orchardgrass hay resulted in similar milk production compared to replacement with alfalfa hay. The orchardgrass hay had a similar rate and greater extent fiber digestion compared to the alfalfa hay. The feedi...

437

Indian ridges, hotspots and interactions: Réunion-CIR and Amstersdam-St Paul-SEIR cases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent samples from the R\\/V Revelle cruise RR11Knox (2007) have completed the study by Nauret et al. (2006) based on the GIMNAUT cruise samples (2000) on the interaction areas between the Reunion plume and the Central Indian Ridge (CIR). He data (Füri et al. 2008) support what Nauret et al. suggested. i.e. there seems to be a flux of 3He

C. Hémond; M. Janin; E. Füri; D. Hilton; M. Maia; J. Dyment

2009-01-01

438

Letter Written by Paul B. Plumb to the Bryant College Service Club Dated October 14, 1944  

Microsoft Academic Search

[Transcription begins] UNITED STATES ARMY\\u000a3980 QM Truck Company Camp Gordon, Ga.\\u000aOctober 14, 1944\\u000aBryant Service Club, Bryant College, Providence, R I\\u000aDear friends:\\u000aIt’s been ages since I last wrote, I know, and I wouldn’t be surprised if you have dropped me from your list. Like all Bryant men and in service I’ve been quite busy and have

Paul B. Plumb

1944-01-01

439

Glibly Attractive? Reading in and around Annie Murphy Paul's The Cult of Personality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Musicians and songwriters at the top of their craft have the licence and ability to speak insightfully, if sometimes starkly, about aspects of life experienced by them and others. Beauty, angst run together at times in their work. Although these professions are not intended for the conventional, it would be a grave mistake to assess the quality of output on

Peter Geyer

440

UNEQUAL EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES FOR GIFTED STUDENTS: ROBBING PETER TO PAY PAUL?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Brown ushered in an era that has led to admirable, yet arguably incomplete, gains in equal educational opportunities for all children, most notably minorities, females, and students with disabilities. However, despite the progress that has been made in the struggle for educational equality, many exceptional students are not being fully served. Aside from commission reports and rhetoric, little has been

Charles J. Russo

2001-01-01

441

Electrodynamics of Moving Conductors in Magnetic Fields: Off the Beaten Track with Paul Lorrain  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The paper is about the appearance of space charge in an ohmic conductor moving in a magnetic field, as pointed out in this journal by Lorrain (1990 "Eur. J. Phys." 11 94-8) and earlier by van Bladel (1973 "Proc. IEEE" 61 260-8). The phenomenon is reinvestigated here in the light of energy balance considerations, in the particular case of a…

Bringuier, E.

2012-01-01

442

La formation du professeur de langue etrangere [seconde] dans les universites du Quebec (The Training of Teachers of Second Languages in the Universities of Quebec).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The training of teachers of second languages and linguistics in universities located in the Province of Quebec, Canada, is examined in this article. University degree programs in English, French, modern languages, linguistics, and teaching methods or education are outlined, including general program requirements for the B.A., M.A., and Ph.D.…

Bibeau, Gilles

443

Austerite et gestion dans les universites quebecoises: une analyse des perceptions de directeurs de departement=Austerity and Administration in Quebec's Universities: An Analysis of Department Heads' Perceptions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 25 Quebec university department chairmen concerning the management of budgetary austerity found that administrative responses are generally perceived as reactionary and short-sighted, but long-term solutions proposed by chairmen are based on conflicting views of the overall role of the institution. (MSE)

Crespo, Manuel; And Others

1986-01-01

444

Comment ameliorer l'anglais ecrit de l'etudiant etranger en universite britannique (How to Improve the Written English of Foreign Students Attending British Universities).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a method for teaching written English to foreign students, as applied in the course "Academic Writing" taught at the University of Manchester. Includes data on the English program student population, including their numbers, majors, and countries of origin, and discusses diagnostic and placement tests tailored to students' needs. Societe…

Jordan, R. R.

1981-01-01

445

Actes du colloque sur le bilinguisme, Universite de Neuchatel, 14/15 Septembre, 1981 (Proceedings of the Colloquium on Bilingualism, University of Neuchatel, September 14-15, 1981).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This issue contains proceedings of a colloquium on linguistics at the University of Neuchatel: (1) "Propositions epistemologiques pour une etude du bilinguisme (Epistemological Propositions for a Study of Bilingualism)," by B. Py; (2) "Comment on di ca? Prolegomenes a une etude de la composante semantique du langage des migrants (How Do You Say…

TRANEL, 1982

1982-01-01

446

The success and failure of one mandated reform for young children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article illustrates the implementation of a school reform policy for educating young children in one south eastern state in the US, a reform known as the non-graded primary program. The reform is examined through the lens of Sabatier and Mazmanian's [(1981). The implementation of public policy: A framework for analysis. In D.A. Mazmanian, & P.A. Sabatier (Eds.), Effective policy

Ellen McIntyre; Diane W. Kyle

2006-01-01

447

Spot Scanning Proton Therapy in the Curative Treatment of Adult Patients With Sarcoma: The Paul Scherrer Institute Experience  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To assess the safety and efficacy of spot scanning proton beam therapy (PT) in the curative treatment of soft-tissue sarcoma (STS) in adults patients. Patients and Methods: We identified 13 STS patients treated with PT between July 1998 and May 2005 in our institutional database. Tumor histology varied with the most common histologic subtypes including liposarcoma and peripheral nerve sheet tumor. All tumors were located in vicinity of critical structures, such as the spinal cord, optic apparatus, bowel, kidney, or bowel. Of the patients, 6 and 5 patients received PT either as adjuvant therapy for non-R0 resection or for recurrence, respectively. Two patients received radical PT for unresectable disease. The median prescribed dose was 69.4 CGE (CGE = proton Gy x 1.1)-Gy (range, 50.4-76.0) at 1.8 to 2 CGE-Gy (median, 1.9) per fraction. Pre-PT anthracycline-based chemotherapy was delivered to 3 patients only. No patient has been lost to follow-up (median 48.1 months, range, 19.1-100.7 months). Results: Of the 13 patients, all but 2 patients were alive. Local recurrence developed in 3 (23%) patients. The administered dose to these patients was {<=}60 Gy-CGE. Distant control was achieved in all but 2 patients (lung metastasis), 1 of whom presented with a concomitant local recurrence. The 4-year local control and metastasis-free survival rates were 74.1% and 84.6%, respectively. Late grade {>=}2 toxicity was observed in only 2 patients. Conclusions: Spot scanning PT is an effective and safe treatment for patient with STS in critical locations. The observed toxicity rate was acceptable.

Weber, Damien C. [Center for Proton Radiation Therapy, Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen (Switzerland)], E-mail: damien.weber@hcuge.ch; Rutz, Hans Peter; Bolsi, Alessandra; Pedroni, Eros; Coray, Adolf; Jermann, Martin; Lomax, Antony J.; Hug, Eugen B.; Goitein, Gudrun [Center for Proton Radiation Therapy, Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen (Switzerland)

2007-11-01

448

Pablo Picasso, "Still Life with Compote and Glass." and Paul Cezanne, "Ginger Pot with Pomegranate and Pears."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The first art lesson helps middle-school students to understand characteristics, methods, and the historical significance of Cubist paintings as shown in Picasso's "Still Life with Compote and Glass." In the second lesson high school students learn about Cezanne's work and his relationship to the Impressionists and 20th century artists. (RM)|

Tollifson, Jerry; Lester, Laura

1986-01-01

449

Friends of the National Library of Medicine - Letter from Friends of the NLM Chairman Paul G. Rogers  

MedlinePLUS

... Library of Medicine How You Can Help the Library Extend Medical Knowledge You can be a part ... company can help to support and expand the Library's efforts by providing sponsorship and other charitable donations ...

450

Carrie Buck's wedding photograph, still image with audio by Paul LombardoSite: DNA Interactive (www.dnai.org)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

DNAi location: Chronicle>Trial of Carrie Buck>epilogue Carrie Buck sent this photo, taken on her wedding day in 1933, to Dr. Bell, still at the Virginia Colony for Epileptics and Feebleminded. She remained married to Mr. Eagle, shown here in the wedding picture, for 25 years. Though it was claimed that she was unstable, morally uninhibited, and feebleminded, this first marriage lasted a quarter of a century until the death of her spouse.

2008-10-06

451

Proceedings of the 1968 Home Economics Research Conference (Minneapolis and St. Paul, Minn., June 27 to 29, 1968).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interdisciplinary research, use of computers, communicating findings, and evaluation criteria for research were topics of this conference. Speeches included: (1) "The Interdisciplinary Approach to Research in Home Economics," by D.S. Hoffman, (2) "The Relationship of Clothing to the Personal and Social Acceptability of Adolescents," by N.H.…

American Home Economics Association, Washington, DC.

452

Past to Present, St. Paul to Prague: A Cold War Autobiography. A Discussion of Patricia Hampl's "Aromantic Education."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|States that autobiographies such as Patricia Hampl's may be the best source of information for revealing the effects of the Cold War on the American psyche. Maintains that such works may help counteract the narrow and naive view of superpower relations youth gain from such movies as "Rocky" and "Rambo." (JDH)|

Weiland, Steven

1986-01-01

453

Needs of Older Employees and Retirees: Task Force Results of the Corporate Volunteerism Council of Minneapolis and St. Paul, Minnesota.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Twin Cities-based Corporate Volunteerism Council (CVC) sponsored the development and administration of a survey and focus groups in May through August, 1985, to determine the needs of older people before and after retirement. Twenty-five members of the CVC answered the survey. They replied that most companies offer preretirement planning and…

Jecklin, Mary Jean; Fetter, Elizabeth A.

454

March 15, 2004: Clinical Epidemiology and Validation Centers for the Early Detection Research Network Presubmission Meeting, Paul Wagner  

Cancer.gov

If the proposal is approved, the appropriate CECs will be asked to provide specimens or active patient accrual for the validation study. The CECs will also participate in data quality control, analysis and interpretation.

455

STD 105: Process Groups as an Instructional Medium for Re-entry Women at Paul D. Camp Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An effective team-based, group-oriented personal development from a woman's perspective course explores the effects of several issues on the re-entry woman: the role that society and culture play in influencing women's vocational choices; women's roles; the economic necessity of work; stress; and relationships. A team-based approach provides a…

Creamer, Elizabeth; Duggin, Molly; Kidd, Ronald

1999-01-01

456

Fabrication and testing of silicon nitride bearings in total hip arthroplasty: winner of the 2007 "HAP" PAUL Award.  

PubMed

Total hip arthroplasty (THA) bearings were fabricated from silicon nitride (Si(3)N(4)) powder. Mechanical testing showed that Si(3)N(4) had improved fracture toughness and fracture strength over modern alumina (Al(2)O(3)) ceramic. When tested with Si(3)N(4) cups in a hip simulator, both cobalt-chromium (CoCr) and Si(3)N(4) femoral heads produced low wear rates that were comparable to Al(2)O(3)-Al(2)O(3) bearings in THA. This study offers experimental support for a novel metal-ceramic THA bearing couple that combines the reliability of CoCr femoral heads with the wear advantages of ceramic surfaces. PMID:18534403

Bal, B Sonny; Khandkar, Ashok; Lakshminarayanan, R; Clarke, Ian; Hoffman, Aaron A; Rahaman, Mohamed N

2008-04-28

457

Slater-Pauling behavior and origin of the half-metallicity of the full-Heusler alloys  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using the full-potential screened Korringa-Kohn-Rostoker method we study the full-Heusler alloys based on Co, Fe, Rh, and Ru. We show that many of these compounds show a half-metallic behavior; however, in contrast to the half-Heusler alloys the energy gap in the minority band is extremely small due to states localized only at the Co (Fe, Rh, or Ru) sites which

I. Galanakis; P. H. Dederichs; N. Papanikolaou

2002-01-01

458

IMPACT OF ALFALFA HAY NEUTRAL DETERGENT FIBER CONCENTRATION AND DIGESTIBILITY ON HOLSTEIN DAIRY COW PERFORMANCE: I. LACTATION PERFORMANCE - ST. PAUL  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Sixty multiparous lactating Holstein cows were fed one of four diets containing alfalfa hays selected for low (L) and high (H) neutral detergent fiber concentration (NDF) and low (l) or high (h) 48-h in vitro NDF digestibility (IVNDFD) within NDF levels. Diets, fed as a TMR, contained 14.8% alfalfa ...

459

33 CFR 207.320 - Mississippi River, Twin City Locks and Dam, St. Paul and Minneapolis, Minn.; pool level.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the dam shall be removed or in the lowered position. (c) To protect...in cases of emergency, such as the stranding of a boat or the loss of a pool below the Twin City...which the river shall be considered open to navigation. (e) It...

2013-07-01

460

A high-precision segmented Paul trap with minimized micromotion for an optical multiple-ion clock  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a new setup to sympathetically cool 115In+ ions with 172Yb+ for optical clock spectroscopy. A first prototype ion trap made of glass-reinforced thermoset laminates was built, based on a design that minimizes axial micromotion and offers full control of the ion dynamics in all three dimensions. We detail the trap manufacturing process and the characterization of micromotion in this trap. A calibration of the photon-correlation spectroscopy technique demonstrates a resolution of 1.1 nm in motional amplitude of our measurements. With this method, we demonstrate a sensitivity to systematic clock shifts due to excess micromotion of |(Updelta?/?)_mm|=7.7×10^{-20} along the direction of the spectroscopy laser beam. Owing to our on-board filter electronics on the ion trap chips, no rf phase shifts could be resolved at this level. We measured rf fields over a range of 400 ?m along the ion trap axis and demonstrated a region of 70 ?m where an optical frequency standard with a fractional inaccuracy of ?1 × 10-18 due to micromotion can be operated.

Pyka, Karsten; Herschbach, Norbert; Keller, Jonas; Mehlstäubler, Tanja E.

2013-07-01

461

78 FR 29612 - Prevailing Rate Systems; Redefinition of the Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN, and Southwestern Wisconsin...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Minnesota: Fillmore Houston Winona Wisconsin: Barron Buffalo Clark Crawford Dunn Florence Forest Jackson Juneau Langlade Lincoln Marathon Marinette Menominee Oneida Pepin Portage Price Richland Rusk Shawano Taylor Vernon Vilas Waupaca Wood * * * * * [FR...

2013-05-21

462

Occupying a Corner of Suburbia: OS and Anthropological Perspectives on Peace Activists in a Suburb of St. Paul, MN  

Microsoft Academic Search

Political activism can play a very important role in shaping the politics of our country. The constitutional rights to assemble and to speak freely guarantee that as long as people have concerns about the government, they can organize and express those concerns; this activism is a sign of a healthy democracy where people are allowed to speak their minds. Every

Karen Sames; Amanda Sames

2008-01-01

463

Past to Present, St. Paul to Prague: A Cold War Autobiography. A Discussion of Patricia Hampl's "Aromantic Education."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

States that autobiographies such as Patricia Hampl's may be the best source of information for revealing the effects of the Cold War on the American psyche. Maintains that such works may help counteract the narrow and naive view of superpower relations youth gain from such movies as "Rocky" and "Rambo." (JDH)

Weiland, Steven

1986-01-01

464

HET FUNDAMENT VAN DE ETHIEK EN DE OPBOUW VAN DE ETHISCHE INTENTIE VOLGENS PAUL RICŒUR  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to outline Ricoeur's outlook on the basis of ethics and on the main elements to shape the ethical intention. Although this topic is not to the fore in his thought, Ricoeur has often raised the ethical problematic and delivered most valuable insights into it. We explain how he let a subjective, intersubjective and neutral

Adri GEERTS

1978-01-01

465

Public Health Genetics: Development, Conception, Normative Evaluation Projektleiter: Univ.Prof. Dr. Norbert W. Paul M.A  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ausgangpunkt für das Projekt ist die Beobachtung, dass im Zuge der demographischen Veränderungen und der damit einhergehenden Verschiebung des epidemiologischen Spektrums unser Gesundheitssystem vor Herausforderungen gestellt ist, die neben einem Überdenken kurativer Leistungen innovative Ansätze der Prävention erforderlich machen. Im Rahmen dieses Projekts werden die spezifischen Probleme bei der Übersetzung genomischer und genetischer Information in Strategien für medizinisches Problemlösen im

Dabrock P; Paul N

466

Interviews with Paul T. Ceasar, EdD, Susan H. Niemann, PhD, and George N. Hay, DMin  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this Grand Rounds column is to present a “real life” clinical case and invite selected authors and clinicians to make comment and provide insights into how they would conceptualize and treat the presented case. For this column I've asked for commentary from three of my colleagues in the graduate programs in counseling at Our Lady of Holy

Timothy F. Dwyer

2002-01-01

467

Paul Revere Rides through High School Government Class: Teacher Research and the Power of Discussion to Motivate Thinking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teachers in the secondary social studies classroom do not regularly take the time to practice structured reflection on their teaching methods. In our current standards-driven environment, social studies classrooms are often not seen as places of higher learning. To combat these stereotypes, the author presents a method for accomplishing reflection through the use of classroom videotaping and lesson analysis. A

Carmen Newstreet

2008-01-01

468

Health Hazard Evaluation Report No. HHE-80-046-914, Consolidated Printing Ink Company, Inc., West St. Paul, Minnesota.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In January 1980, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) received a request from the Oil, Chemical, and Atomic Workers Union to evaluate exposures to various substances at the Consolidated Printing Ink Company (CPI), West St. Pau...

R. L. Stephenson E. Jannerfeldt

1981-01-01

469

Paul Kevin Wapner - The Importance of Critical Environmental Studies in the New Environmentalism - Global Environmental Politics 8:1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past few years, environmental studies has been pushed to the sidelines of political discourse as environmental challenges have been overshadowed in world affairs by issues of terrorism, national security and global economic stability. However, a new Democratic Congress in the US and anticipation of a new US president, intensifying global concern about climate change and forward-looking environmental initiatives

Paul Wapner

2008-01-01

470

Robbing Peter to Pay Paul: The Differential Effect of GSS Restrictiveness on Process Satisfaction and Group Cohesion  

Microsoft Academic Search

That Group Support Systems (GSS) can enhance group performance has been revealed by several studies. Studies have also demonstrated\\u000a a favorable influence on process satisfaction. However, GSS research has drawn heavily from a perspective that may limit the\\u000a full range of phenomena at play in group meetings. In addition to the micro-level interaction that occurs in GSS-supported\\u000a group meetings, group

Wm. David Salisbury; Michael Parent; Wynne W. Chin

2008-01-01

471

Experiences at the Paul Scherrer Institute With a Remote Patient Positioning Procedure for High-Throughput Proton Radiation Therapy  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To describe a remote positioning system for accurate and efficient proton radiotherapy treatments. Methods and Materials: To minimize positioning time in the treatment room (and thereby maximize beam utility), we have adopted a method for remote patient positioning, with patients positioned and imaged outside the treatment room. Using a CT scanner, positioning is performed using orthogonal topograms with the measured differences to the reference images being used to define daily corrections to the patient table in the treatment room. Possible patient movements during transport and irradiation were analyzed through periodic acquisition of posttreatment topograms. Systematic and random errors were calculated for this daily positioning protocol and for two off-line protocols. The potential time advantage of remote positioning was assessed by computer simulation. Results: Applying the daily correction protocol, systematic errors calculated over all patients (n = 94) were below 0.6 mm, whereas random errors were below 1.5 mm and 2.5 mm, respectively, for bite-block and for mask immobilization. Differences between pre- and posttreatment images were below 2.8 mm (SD) in abdominal/pelvic region, and below 2.4 mm (SD) in the head. Retrospective data analysis for a subset of patients revealed that off-line protocols would be significantly less accurate. Computer simulations showed that remote positioning can increase patient throughput up to 30%. Conclusions: The use of a daily imaging and correction protocol based on a 'remote' CT could reduce positioning errors to below 2.5 mm and increase beam utility in the treatment room. Patient motion between imaging and treatment were not significant.

Bolsi, Alessandra [Center for Proton Radiation Therapy, Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen PSI (Switzerland)], E-mail: alessandra.bolsi@psi.ch; Lomax, Antony J.; Pedroni, Eros; Goitein, Gudrun; Hug, Eugen [Center for Proton Radiation Therapy, Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen PSI (Switzerland)

2008-08-01

472

Evaluation of R. Paul Smith Steam Electric Station thermal discharge effects on benthic communities; Spring 1980. Final report  

SciTech Connect

A study of thermal effluent effects on benthic invertebrates was conducted near the R.P. Smith Steam Electric Station. Samples were collected during May 1980 with a dome suction sampler and an aquatic drift net. Samples were collected on upstream and downstream control transects and on transects in the thermally influenced area. The objective of this survey was to assess effects of thermal discharge on the abundance and biomass macroinvertebrates in the Potomac River.

Not Available

1980-09-01

473

75 FR 5452 - Regulations Under the Paul Wellstone and Pete Domenici Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...health or substance use disorder benefits along with medical/surgical benefits from imposing more restrictive financial requirements...predominant ones imposed with respect to substantially all medical/surgical benefits. The IRS is issuing the temporary regulations...

2010-02-02

474

The hermeneutics of sacrifice: A study of sacrifice and Christian identity through the work of Paul Ricoeur and Edward Schillebeeckx  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the traditional understanding of Christian discipleship shaped by the language and symbolism of sacrifice, there is a paradoxical relationship between self-realization and self-sacrifice. This paradox is summarized in the gospel call to “lose one's life to save it.” Feminists have criticized the idealization of self-denial and the excessive glorification of suffering, and challenged the viability of sacrificial language today.

Erin Lothes Biviano

2005-01-01

475

77 FR 75589 - Prevailing Rate Systems; Redefinition of the Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN, and Southwestern Wisconsin...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Watonwan Yellow Medicine Wisconsin: Pierce Polk * * * * * WISCONSIN Southwestern Wisconsin Survey Area Wisconsin: Chippewa Eau Claire Monroe Trempealeau Area of Application. Survey Area Plus: Minnesota: Fillmore Houston Winona Wisconsin: Barron...

2012-12-21

476

26 CFR 601.201 - Rulings and determinations letters.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...letters calling attention to well-established principles of... St. Paul: St. Paul, Fargo, Aberdeen, Milwaukee. St...6) of this paragraph, as well as appeal of a proposed adverse...Chicago St. Paul St. Paul, Fargo, Aberdeen, Milwaukee...

2009-01-01

477

26 CFR 601.201 - Rulings and determinations letters.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...letters calling attention to well-established principles of... St. Paul: St. Paul, Fargo, Aberdeen, Milwaukee. St...6) of this paragraph, as well as appeal of a proposed adverse...Chicago St. Paul St. Paul, Fargo, Aberdeen, Milwaukee...

2009-04-01

478

76 FR 37194 - Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds; Change in State of Incorportation, Business Address...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Company; St. Paul Guardian Insurance Company; St. Paul Mercury Insurance Company AGENCY: Financial Management Service, Fiscal...St. Paul Guardian Insurance Company (24775) and St. Paul Mercury Insurance (24791) have redomesticated from the state of...

2011-06-24

479

How an Anglo-American methodology took root in France.  

PubMed

French organic chemistry had a strong nationalistic bent in the immediate aftermath to World War II. It continued to bask in the glow of the pre-World War I Nobel prize awarded jointly in 1912 to Victor Grignard and Paul Sabatier. In addition, the influence of the two mandarins then in power, Charles Prévost at the Sorbonne and Albert Kirrmann, a Dean in Strasbourg who would be called upon as vice-director at the École normale supérieure in Paris, saw to it that the only theory of organic reactions, admissible in the classroom and in the laboratory, was Prévost's. As Mary Jo Nye has shown, a wall was erected against penetration of the ideas of the British school of Ingold and Hughes. Mechanistic chemistry, as was being vigorously studied by the contemporary Anglo-American physical organic chemists, was 'persona non grata' in France. Publication by Bianca Tchoubar, in 1960, of "Les mécanismes réactionnels en chimie organique" opened a breach. The irony was for Dr. Tchoubar, a militant member of the Communist Party and a lady of fierce opinions, to have become a propagandist for the Anglo-American school of mechanistic studies. Truth for her overruled political propaganda. Her little book was revolutionary in the French context of the times. Together with the GECO (Groupe d'étude de chimie organique) summer conferences pioneered by Guy Ourisson after his return from Harvard, it ushered in the new ideas. This historical essay, based on an in-depth study of Tchoubar's book, will include a portrait of this remarkable woman scientist. It will delve at some length into the renewal of French science initiated by De Gaulle's government after his return to power in 1958. The tension in the French scientific establishment of the sixties reflected two opposed versions of nationalism, the one conservative, Malthusian, inner-directed, the other forward-looking, eager for the recovery of national status, seeing a strong French science as a means for asserting national identity and independence from the two world power blocs. PMID:22351975

Laszlo, Pierre

2011-01-01

480

Le Changement linguistique: Evolution, variation, and heterogeneite. Actes du colloque de Neuchatel Universite (Neuchatel, Suisse, 2-4 Octobre 2000) (Linguistic Change: Evolution, Variation, Heterogeneity. Proceedings of the University of Neuchatel Colloquium [Neuchatel, Switzerland, October 2-4, 2000]).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Articles in this issue focus on language evolution, variation, and heterogeneity. The following are English translations of the French article titles appearing in the issue: "Irregular Phonetic Development Due to Frequency; Regional Traits in Proto-Romance"; "Linguistic Evolution and Evolution of Perspective in the Comparative Grammar of…

Matthey, Marinette, Ed.

2001-01-01

481

Directory of Personnel, Canadian Association of Departments of Extension and Summer Schools. Annuaire du Personnel, Association des Services d'Education des Adultes et Ecoles d'Ete des Universites du Canada.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This bilingual directory of the Canadian Association of Departments of Extension and Summer Schools (CADESS) lists CADESS administrators and faculty, by subject area or division and alphabetically by institutions, associated with the Memorial University of Newfoundland, the Banff School of Fine Arts and Centre for Continuing Education, Saint…

British Columbia Univ., Vancouver. Dept. of Univ. Extension.

482

Variation of fundamental mode Rayleigh wave group velocity dispersion in Iran and the surrounding region  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present group velocity dispersion results from a study of regional fundamental mode Rayleigh waves propagating across Iran and the surrounding region. Data for these measurements come from field deployments within Iran by the University of Cambridge (UK) and the Universite Joseph-Fourier (FRA) in conjunction with International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (Iran), within Oman by the Universite Pierre

D. Rham; K. Priestley; M. Tatar; A. Paul; D. Hatzfeld; A. Radjaee; G. Nowrouzi; A. Kaviani; C. Tiberi

2005-01-01

483

What's To Negotiate? Interaction in the Absence of Dialogue: The Battle over Vouchers and Charter Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research suggests that policy change can best be understood as the product of competition among advocacy coalitions within the constraints of a policy subsystem (Sabatier and Jenkins-Smith, 1993). This paper presents findings of a study that examined the rhetoric of policy change in Texas utilizing the voucher and charter-schools movements as an…

Fusarelli, Lance D.

484

Is There Life After Policy Streams, Advocacy Coalitions, and Punctuations: Using Evolutionary Theory to Explain Policy Change?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews the current state of public policy theory to find out if researchers are ready to readdress the research agenda set by the classic works of Baumgartner and Jones (1993), Kingdon (1984) and Sabatier and Jenkins-Smith (1993). After reviewing the influ- ences of institutional, rational choice, network, socio-economic and ideational approaches, the article pays tribute to the policy

Peter John

2003-01-01

485

Catalyst development for microchannel reactors for martian in situ propellant production  

Microsoft Academic Search

Catalytic microchannel reactors were designed for in situ propellant production for Mars exploration. In the reactor system, the Sabatier and the reverse water–gas-shift (RWGS) reactions were carried out for methane and oxygen production using carbon dioxide and hydrogen as feed stock. The focus of the present study was on developing catalysts for these two reactions, aiming at intensifying reactor operation.

Jianli Hu; Kriston P. Brooks; Jamelyn D. Holladay; Daniel T. Howe; Thomas M. Simon

2007-01-01

486

A survey of alternative oxygen production technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Utilization of the Martian atmosphere for the production of fuel and oxygen has been extensively studied. The baseline fuel production process is a Sabatier reactor, which produces methane and water from carbon dioxide and hydrogen. The oxygen produced from the electrolysis of the water is only half of that needed for methane-based rocket propellant, and additional oxygen is needed for

Dale E. Lueck; Clyde F. Parrish; William J. Buttner; Jan M. Surma

2001-01-01

487

Catalytic Methanation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Methanation, the hydrogenation of carbon oxides to methane. has been the subject of a large number of catalytic studies during the past 70 years. In the earliest work. that of Sabatier and Senderens [l]. nickel was found to be a very efficient catalyst. Nickel is still the material of choice in most investigations of methanation, although ruthenium, cobalt, and iron

G. Alex Mills; Fred W. Steffgen

1974-01-01

488

An analysis of the policy process for physical education and school sport: the rise and demise of school sport partnerships  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the policymaking process for physical education (PE) and school sport (PESS) through an examination of the creation and recent demise of the groundbreaking ‘school sport partnerships’ (SSPs) initiative using Sabatier's advocacy coalition framework (ACF) model (1988, An advocacy coalition framework of policy change and the role of policy oriented learning therein. Policy Sciences, 21, 129–168). The central

Lesley Phillpots

2012-01-01

489

13C NMR Guides Rational Design of Nanocatalysts via Chemisorption Evaluation in Liquid Phase  

Microsoft Academic Search

The search for more efficient heterogeneous catalysts remains critical to the chemical industry. The Sabatier principle of maximizing catalytic activity by optimizing the adsorption energy of the substrate molecule could offer pivotal guidance to otherwise random screenings. Here we show that the chemical shift value of an adsorbate (formic acid) on metal colloid catalysts measured by 13C nuclear magnetic resonance

Karaked Tedsree; Chun Wong Aaron Chan; Simon Jones; Qian Cuan; Wei-Kun Li; Xue-Qing Gong; Shik Chi Edman Tsang

2011-01-01

490

Catalytic Decomposition of Formic Acid on Metal Oxides  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies on the decomposition of formic acid were initiated during the first decade of the present century by Mailhe and Sabatier [1], using metals and metal oxides. These authors were concerned primarily with the selectivity of their catalysts, i.e., their ability to favor one of the reactions possible for the decomposition of formic acid (Eq. 1).

J. M. Trillo; G. Munuera; J. M. Criado

1972-01-01

491

You Are in the World: Catholic Campus Life at Loyola University Chicago, Mundelein College, and De Paul University, 1924-1950  

Microsoft Academic Search

Responding to Vatican concerns and Daniel A. Lord, S.J.'s national Sodality initiatives, in 1927 Loyola University administrators expanded the student Sodality's newly-established Catholic Action program into a hegemonic presence, not only on the Loyola Arts campus, but throughout Chicago's network of Catholic schools. By 1928 Loyola students headed a federation of 52 Chicago-area Catholic universities, colleges, and high schools, initially

Rae Bielakowski

2009-01-01

492

Minnesota's Youth Speak Out: Report of the "Listen '95: Kids Can't Wait" Conference (St. Paul, Minnesota, March 27, 1995).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report of the "Listen '95: Kids Can't Wait" conference presents the lives and concerns of Minnesota youth as described by the youth who participated in it. The issues of alcohol and drug abuse, violence, and education were the top concerns of the youth that participated in the first statewide conference in 1994. In focusing on these issues,…

Webb, Marcus; Marsh, Dianne

493

"You Are in the World": Catholic Campus Life at Loyola University Chicago, Mundelein College, and De Paul University, 1924-1950  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Responding to Vatican concerns and Daniel A. Lord, S. J.'s national Sodality initiatives, in 1927 Loyola University administrators expanded the student Sodality's newly-established Catholic Action program into a hegemonic presence, not only on the Loyola Arts campus, but throughout Chicago's network of Catholic schools. By 1928 Loyola students…

Bielakowski, Rae M.

2009-01-01

494

Pell Grant Validation Imposes Some Costs and Does Not Greatly Reduce Award Errors: New Strategies Are Needed. Report to the Honorable Paul Simon, United States Senate.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Efforts of the U.S. Department of Education to verify data submitted by applicants to the Pell Grant program were analyzed by the General Accounting Office. The effects of carrying out the Department's policy or methodology, called "validation," on financial aid applicants and colleges were assessed. Costs of 1982-1983 validation on schools were…

Comptroller General of the U.S., Washington, DC.

495

Review Symposium. "Working in America: A Blueprint for the New Labor Market," by Paul Osterman, Thomas A. Kochan, Richard Locke, and Michael J. Piore.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A panel comments on the book, Working in America, and implications for the U.S. labor market, including declining traditional internal labor markets, the need for private versus public policy interventions, international labor policy, and value-based policy. Commentators include David Neumark, Peter Cappelli, Sanford M. Jacoby, Rebecca M. Blank,…

Katz, Harry C., Ed.

2002-01-01

496

A safe zone for acetabular component position in metal-on-metal hip resurfacing arthroplasty: winner of the 2012 HAP PAUL award.  

PubMed

A safe zone for acetabular component positioning in hip resurfacing (RAIL: Relative Acetabular Inclination Limit) was calculated based on implant size and acetabular inclination angle (AIA). For AIA below the RAIL, there were no adverse wear failures or dislocations, and only 1% of cases with ion levels above 10 ?g/L. Other than high inclination angle and small bearing size, female gender was the only other factor that correlated with high ion levels in the multivariate analysis. Seven hundred sixty-one hip resurfacing cases are included in this study. The UCLA activity score, femoral shaft angle, body mass index, weight, American Society of Anesthesiologists score, combined range of motion, diagnosis, age, gender, implant brand, AIA, bearing size, and duration of implantation were analyzed to determine the potential risk factors for elevated metal ion levels. These findings apply to sub hemispheric metal-on-metal bearings with similar coverage arcs as the Biomet and Corin hip resurfacing brands. Additional problems may occur when these bearings are connected with trunions on stems for total hip arthroplasty. PMID:23540536

Liu, Fei; Gross, Thomas P

2013-03-26

497

A Social Justice Framework for Child Welfare: The Agenda for a New Century. A Summary of Proceedings of the Conference (St. Paul, Minnesota, June 23, 2000).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection of papers presents the proceedings of a June 2000 conference that examined the concept of social justice and determined what elements of social justice could help set an agenda for the child welfare system in the new century. The conference proceedings include: "Introduction: Historical Highlights" (Esther Wattenberg); "The…

Wattenberg, Esther, Ed.

498

Paul T. Phillips - One World, One Faith: The Quest for Unity in Julian Huxley's Religion of Evolutionary Humanism - Journal of the History of Ideas 68:4  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sir Julian Huxley (1887-1975), celebrated British scientist and philosopher, strove through most of his career to establish a non-theistic, rationalist belief system to replace Christianity and other world religions. Believing that the twentieth century provided a unique opportunity for this to happen, evolutionary humanism, as he termed his secular faith, gave direction to most of Huxley's diverse activities as a

Paul T. Phillips

2007-01-01

499

It Started With a Dream: Paul's Dream (Acts 16,9–10) and Aeneas as a Biblical Example of Dreams as Intercultural Legitimation Strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dreams are often used to promote religion, or to propagate an interpretation of religion, or to bring political ideas to the fore. A dream can be used as an indication of divine help and thus it is a perfect tool for promoting ideas. Dreams figure in religious propaganda in Christian, Jewish, and Muslim traditions (e.g., in Osama bin Laden's tapes).

Bart J. Koet

2008-01-01

500

"You Are in the World": Catholic Campus Life at Loyola University Chicago, Mundelein College, and De Paul University, 1924-1950  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responding to Vatican concerns and Daniel A. Lord, S. J.'s national Sodality initiatives, in 1927 Loyola University administrators expanded the student Sodality's newly-established Catholic Action program into a hegemonic presence, not only on the Loyola Arts campus, but throughout Chicago's network of Catholic schools. By 1928 Loyola students…

Bielakowski, Rae M.

2009-01-01