Science.gov

Sample records for universities industry federal

  1. The Federal Role in Fostering University-Industry Cooperation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC.

    Three well-known forms of university-industry collaboration (research parks, cooperative research centers, and industrial extension services) were examined, along with the federal role of stimulating cooperation. The objective was to develop information and guidelines to help policymakers in designing new or revised federal initiatives to promote…

  2. University, Industry, Federal Cooperation--A Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deringer, Dorothy K.; Molnar, Andrew R.

    1983-01-01

    Describes establishment and operation of a National Science Foundation (NSF) sponsored program: "Development in Science Education Involving NSF/Industry Cooperation for Science and Engineering Education Using Computers." Review process, issues involved, working with industry, and advantages/disadvantages of cooperative activities are considered.…

  3. Transforming the University: Administrators, Physicist, and Industrial and Federal Patronage at Stanford, 1935-49.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lowen, Rebecca S.

    1991-01-01

    Observes that there is as yet no comprehensive history of the Post-World War II "multiversity." Examines the development of Stanford University's Microwave Laboratory. Suggests a framework for the multiversity that includes large, well-funded laboratories, a department with weak central authority, and an emphasis on research over teaching. (SG)

  4. Sustainability in Brazilian Federal Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palma, Lisiane Celia; de Oliveira, Lessandra M.; Viacava, Keitiline R.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to identify the number of courses related to sustainability offered in bachelor degree programs of business administration in Brazilian federal universities. Design/methodology/approach: An exploratory research was carried out based on a descriptive scope. The process of mapping federal universities in Brazil…

  5. The Universities and Federal Regulation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crowley, John C.

    The impact of increasing federal regulation on American universities is discussed based on an informal survey of senior academic and administrative officials in 13 public and private universities. As government regulation is becoming more intensive and compliance more resource- and time-consuming, government is perceived as having little…

  6. University-industry interaction

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hastings, Daniel E.

    1990-01-01

    It is posited that university industry interaction is highly desirable from the viewpoint of the long term economic development of the country as well as being desirable for the Space Grant Programs. The present and future possible interactions are reviewed for the three university levels namely, undergraduate, graduate, and faculty research.

  7. Joint Industry/University Cooperation with Federally Supported Research Facilities. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Investigations and Oversight of the Committee on Science and Technology. U.S. House of Representatives, Ninety-Eighth Congress, First Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Science and Technology.

    These hearings focused on issues related to the joint use of federally-funded research facilities by industry and universities. Testimony of witnesses, prepared statements, and supporting documentation (including the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980, Public Law 96-480) are provided. Witnesses presenting testimony included: Louis…

  8. Government-University-Industry-Research Roundtable

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1995-02-01

    Roundtable projects active during 1993 are described in this section. Projects completed in prior years are not included here, but publications resulting from them are included in the list of publications which are attached. Such prior projects include nurturing science and engineering talent, research facility financing, multidisciplinary research and education, university-industry-federal laboratory partnerships, and federal-state cooperation in science and technology.

  9. Industry-University Research Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Kenneth A.

    1984-01-01

    Points out advantages and disadvantages of industry-university research programs from industry and university viewpoints. Identifies conditions essential for long-term success of such arrangements. Also provides a case study of practices at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), discussing policy guidelines and giving examples of joint…

  10. Merging industry and the University: Developing the Industrial Energy Center

    SciTech Connect

    Risi, J.D.; Mashburn, W.H.

    1995-06-01

    As a result of defense cutbacks at the national level, research funding for universities has declined proportionally. Many are not seeking to expand the research and service role into the industrial sector. Both state and federal funds are being made available to assist industry, particularly in the transition from the manufacture of defense goods to commercial products. One major mistake being made by both universities and funding agencies is the attempt to be everything to everybody. Past history is littered with failed projects that sent people out to call on industry with a broad charter of tackling any and every problem encountered. Such efforts should instead start with a focused approach that utilizes special skills that may be inherent with the service organization. Here at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech) we are focusing on solutions to energy and environmental problems encountered in the industrial sector.

  11. Spanish Federation of Popular Universities (FEUP)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Serrano, Isabel Garcia-Longoria

    2006-01-01

    This article features the Spanish Popular Universities, which are defined as "a project of cultural development that acts in the municipality, whose objective is to promote social participation, education, training, and culture in order to improve life quality" (Federation of Popular Education Universities, 2000). A century of history of Popular

  12. The Force of Destiny: Industrial Relations in Australian Universities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott, J. F.

    1986-01-01

    Just as Australian universities are losing their traditions and behaving more like an industry, the Australian Federation of State University Staff Associations has changed from an organization of like-minded professionals and is increasingly following the model of industrial trade unions. (MSE)

  13. University Research Gets Boost from Industry Funds.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Physics Today, 1982

    1982-01-01

    Reviews current and future research endeavors supported by funds from industry focusing on research and development centers at various universities and industries which support scientific research. (SK)

  14. Brigham young university: challenging the federal patron.

    PubMed

    Walsh, J

    1976-01-16

    Brigham Young University is a coeducational institution of higher learning established to promote a closer union between the restored gospel and all branches of learning. In addition to high standards of scholarship, the University has always fostered the development of religious faith, high moral character, and responsible citizenship. Sponsored by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints [Mormon], it offers the student a unique blend of spiritual and secular learning.-From the BYU General Catalog, 1975-76. The purpose of this part is to effectuate Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 ... which is designed to eliminate ... discrimination on the basis of sex in any education program or activity receiving federal assistance.-From the introduction to federal regulations implementing Title IX. PMID:17838446

  15. University-Industry Research Collaborations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Duke, Charles

    2000-03-01

    University-industry research collaborations take many forms. Perhaps the simplest is unsponsored one-on-one collaborations between individuals. A more formal but less intimate arrangement is industrial sponsorship of individual or collective work on campus, e.g., via an outright gift or membership in an industrial affiliates consortium. A more intimate institutional collaboration is a mutually sanctioned joint project, sponsored by either a governmental funding agency or an industrial entity, the terms and conditions of which (funds flows, reports, intellectual property ownership, etc.) are governed by formal arrangements. Partnerships, e.g., support of an on-campus joint venture funded in part by one or more firms and in part by a third party, are the most intimate and complex form of such collaborations. During the past two decades Xerox has engaged in all four forms of collaborations. I give examples of each, and indicate the attributes which distinguish the more successful from the less successful collaborations, as well as recent trends in their nature and purposes.

  16. University-Industry Relationships: Benefits and Risks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sandelin, Jon

    2010-01-01

    University-industry relationships can bring significant benefits to the university, the company and the individual researcher, but there is also the potential for risks to all parties. This paper presents the potential rewards and risks from university-industry relationships and the related opportunities for economic growth and job creation. The…

  17. AMTEX: A university, government, industry, partnership

    SciTech Connect

    Anderson, L.J.; Cheatham, R.L.; Peskin, A.M.

    1993-12-01

    The AMTEX Partnership is a research and development collaboration between the US Department of Energy (DOE), the DOE`s multiprogram laboratories, universities, and the integrated textile industry. The integrated industry includes fibers, textiles, apparel, and other fabricated products. The goal of AMTEX is to strengthen the competitiveness of this vital industry and thereby preserve and create new jobs. AMTEX is a role model for government, industry and universities working together to achieve a specified goal. Under the oversight of the Laboratory Technology Transfer Program in DOE`s Office of Energy Research, the multiprogram laboratories, universities and industry are pursuing a broad, industry-driven research agenda. It combines the research and development capabilities of industry and universities with the unique expertise and facilities of the DOE laboratory system.

  18. Technology transfer: federal legislation that helps businesses and universities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oaks, Bill G.

    1992-05-01

    In 1980, Congress enacted the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act to encourage federal laboratories to `spin off' their technology to industry, universities, and state and local governments. The law reflected Congressional concern for the economic well-being of the nation and the need for the United States to maintain its technological superiority. Almost half the nation's research is conducted in federal laboratories. Other legislation, the Small Business Innovation Development Act of 1982 and the National Cooperative Research Act of 1984, was followed by the Technology Transfer Act of 1986 that strengthened and consolidated policy concerning the technology transfer responsibilities of the federal labs. The law allows the labs to directly license their patents and permits the issuance of exclusive licenses. It allows the labs to enter into cooperative research and development agreements with industry, universities, and state and local governments. It institutionalized the Federal Laboratory consortium which, to that point in time, had been a formal but largely unrecognized body. Under the provisions of the law, the United States Air Force Rome Laboratory located in Rome, New York, as the Air Force lead laboratory in photonics research entered into an agreement with the Governor of the State of New York to collaborate in photonics research and development. Subsequent to that agreement, the state established the not-for-profit New York State Photonics Development Corporation in Rome to facilitate business access to Rome Laboratory's photonics research facilities and technologies. Rome Laboratory's photonics research and development program is described in this paper. The Technology Transfer Act of 1986 is summarized, and the roles and missions of the New York State Photonics Development Corporation is explained.

  19. Critical partnerships: Los Alamos, universities, and industry

    SciTech Connect

    Berger, C.L.

    1997-04-01

    Los Alamos National Laboratory, situated 35 miles northwest of Santa Fe, NM, is one of the Department of Energy`s three Defense Programs laboratories. It encompasses 43 square miles, employees approximately 10,000 people, and has a budget of approximately $1.1B in FY97. Los Alamos has a strong post-cold war mission, that of reducing the nuclear danger. But even with that key role in maintaining the nation`s security, Los Alamos views partnerships with universities and industry as critical to its future well being. Why is that? As the federal budget for R&D comes under continued scrutiny and certain reduction, we believe that the triad of science and technology contributors to the national system of R&D must rely on and leverage each others capabilities. For us this means that we will rely on these partners to help us in 5 key ways: We expect that partnerships will help us maintain and enhance our core competencies. In doing so, we will be able to attract the best scientists and engineers. To keep on the cutting edge of research and development, we have found that partnerships maintain the excellence of staff through new and exciting challenges. Additionally, we find that from our university and corporate partners we often learn and incorporate {open_quotes}best practices{close_quotes} in organizational management and operations. Finally, we believe that a strong national system of R&D will ensure and enhance our ability to generate revenues.

  20. University Research: The Role of Federal Funding

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of American Universities, 2011

    2011-01-01

    University research is a vital building block of the nation's research and development (R&D) enterprise. While U.S. universities perform just 13 percent of total national R&D, they perform 31 percent of the nation's total research--basic and applied--and 56 percent of the nation's basic research. Because there is broad consensus that university

  1. University-Industry Relations, Regionalisation, Internationalisation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drilhon, Gabriel

    1993-01-01

    University-industry relations are examined in the context of countries in which universities are seen as potential resources for regional development. Issues discussed include different forms of cooperation, pricing of research, competition, intellectual property rights, choice of company for developing a discovery, and the broader issue of…

  2. Supervising development in petroleum industry of the Russian Federation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sizov, A.; Tretyakov, K.; Boyarko, G.; Shenderova, I.; Shakirov, A.

    2015-11-01

    Supervising has strongly consolidated in the domestic petroleum services market of the Russian Federation. But despite the rapid growth of the supervising services market, there is a definite need for its further development. In the article, the developments of supervising in petroleum industry of the Russian Federation, as well as possible ways of its improvement are considered.

  3. Academic-Industry Collaboration under Federal Grants and Cooperative Agreements: Financial, Administrative, and Regulatory Compliance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferreira, William F.

    2011-01-01

    Federal sponsorship of collaboration between academic institutions and industry is on the rise. Many government programs emphasize cooperation between universities and the commercial sector as a means to merge basic and applied research, promote economic development, and enhance knowledge dissemination. The intersection between academia and…

  4. Industry-University "Consulternships": An Implementation Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neumann, Bruce R.; Banghart, Sally

    2001-01-01

    Describes an innovative approach to building and utilizing "consulternships," industry-university partnerships which reflect a blend of professional consulting engagements, student internships, and faculty externships. Describes the need for consulternships, their advantages and disadvantages, and how to establish them. Describes a case study at…

  5. University/government/industry relations in aeronautics

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schairer, G. S.

    1975-01-01

    Methods for improving the relationships between universities, the aircraft industry, and the Government are proposed. The author submits nine specific recommendations aimed at more effective aeronautical engineering education and employment of graduate engineers. The need for improved communication between the organizations which influence the advancement of aeronautical sciences is stressed.

  6. Relations Between the University and Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sakkab, Nabil Y.

    1983-01-01

    Two distinct types of research in science and technology are described. One extends existing knowledge by gathering information, and the other requires an intuitive leap from present knowledge. Factors in the university-industry research relationship affecting or affected by the research type are outlined and discussed. (MSE)

  7. The industrial Center at Mississippi State University

    SciTech Connect

    b.K. Hodge; Mary C. Emplaincourt

    2007-04-30

    The Mississippi State University Industrial Assessment Center (IAC) is one of 26 centers supported by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) at universities across the country. The Mississippi State University IAC in existence since 1994 provides plant assessments at no cost to eligible small and mid-sized manufacturers categorized in Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) Codes 20-39. Client eligibility is based on gross sales below $100 million, fewer than 500 employees at the plant, annual utility bills more than $100,000 and less than $2 million, and no in-house professional staff to perform an assessment. IAC assessment benefits include no cost to the clients, increased profitability and competitiveness, confidentiality, non-regulatory, nonobligatory, and student involvement.

  8. Federal Tax Policy regarding Universities: Endowments and beyond

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vedder, Richard

    2008-01-01

    The vast bulk of economic activity in the United States is taxed by the federal government. There are exceptions carved out, primarily for charitable operations, including universities. The rationale is that these organizations serve the public good and should not be reduced in magnitude by the deleterious effects of taxes. Universities in…

  9. Federal laboratory nondestructive testing research and development applicable to industry

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, S.A.; Moore, N.L.

    1987-02-01

    This document presents the results of a survey of nondestructive testing (NDT) and related sensor technology research and development (R and D) at selected federal laboratories. Objective was to identify and characterize NDT activities that could be applied to improving energy efficiency and overall productivity in US manufacturing. Numerous federally supported R and D programs were identified in areas such as acoustic emissions, eddy current, radiography, computer tomography and ultrasonics. A Preliminary Findings Report was sent to industry representatives, which generated considerable interest.

  10. Redefining University Roles in Regional Economies: A Case Study of University-Industry Relations and Academic Organization in Nanotechnology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sa, Creso M.

    2011-01-01

    The emerging field of nanotechnology has created a new frontier for the convergence of university and industrial research. In the United States, major federal investments provided a massive boom for this field over the decade. This paper reports on a case study of how the University at Albany came to establish the first college of nanotechnology

  11. Redefining University Roles in Regional Economies: A Case Study of University-Industry Relations and Academic Organization in Nanotechnology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sa, Creso M.

    2011-01-01

    The emerging field of nanotechnology has created a new frontier for the convergence of university and industrial research. In the United States, major federal investments provided a massive boom for this field over the decade. This paper reports on a case study of how the University at Albany came to establish the first college of nanotechnology…

  12. University Industry Collaboration and Graduates' Unemployment in Ondo State, Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adepoju, O. O.; Adedeji, A. O

    2015-01-01

    Research evidence shows that university industry collaboration presents a wide range of benefits to industries, higher institutions, and to the development of a nation. This study investigated the existence of university industry collaboration, the factors militating against the collaboration, and the extent to which university industry

  13. Industry-university cooperation/research

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Whitten, Raymond P.

    1991-01-01

    The paper concentrates on the commercial development of space programs through cooperative research with the U.S. universities and industry. The origins of the programs are discussed, beginning with the Communication Satellite Act of 1963. The National Space Policy is outlined, and the creation of NASA's Office of Commercial Programs is emphasized, along with its Centers for the Commercial Development of Space. It is noted that the centers are consortia of university, industry, and government involved in commercial-space-technology database development and research and testing of potentially valuable products and services. The center titles, locations, and brief descriptions for such area of research as remote sensing, life sciences, materials processing, space power, space propulsion, materials and space structures, and automation and robotics centers are listed, along with some results of the programs.

  14. Industrial Assessment Center (IAC) at Lehigh University

    SciTech Connect

    Sudhakar Neti and Alparslan Oztekin

    2007-07-10

    During the period September, 2001, through August, 2006, the Lehigh University Industrial Assessment Center provided assessments for 147 companies in the Eastern Pennsylvania and New Jersey. In reports sent to the companies, a total of 1,079 assessment recommendations were suggested, with an annual cost savings of $22,980,654, to save energy, reduce waste, and improve productivity. The energy saved if all ARs were implemented would be 1,843,202 MMBtu.

  15. University of Miami Industrial Assessment Center

    SciTech Connect

    Asfour, Shihab, S.

    2007-01-29

    This report documents all activity of the University of Miami Industrial Assessment Center (MIIAC) grant awarded by the United States Department of Energy (USDOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Industrial Technology Program (ITP). This grant was coordinated through a collaborative effort with the Center for Advanced Energy Systems (CAES) located at Rutgers University in New Jersey (www.caes.rutgers.edu) which acted as the program’s Field Manager. The grant’s duration included fiscal years 2003-2006 (September 2002 – August 2006), and operated under the direction of Dr. Shihab Asfour, Director (MIIAC). MIIAC’s main goal was to provide energy assessments for local manufacturing firms. Energy consumption, productivity enhancement, and waste management were the focus of each assessment. Energy savings, cost savings, implementation costs, and simple payback periods were quantified using scientific methodologies and techniques. Over the four-year period of the grant, the total number of industrial assessments conducted was 91, resulting in 604 assessment recommendations and the following savings: 73,519,747 kWh, 435,722 MMBTU, and $10,024,453 in cost savings. A total of 16 undergraduate and graduate students were trained on energy assessment. Companies in over 40 different zip codes were assessed.

  16. University Leaders Weigh Downside of Huge Increase in Federal Spending

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Basken, Paul

    2009-01-01

    After a month of celebrating the largest boost in federal spending on scientific research that most of them have ever seen, university presidents are increasingly tuned to the possibility of a downside. The new money--primarily from a $21.5-billion jump in research-and-development spending in the economic-stimulus law--is certainly welcome,…

  17. The Stanford University Medical Center and the Federal Government.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosenzweig, Robert M.; And Others

    The Stanford University Medical Center consists of three main units: a medical school, a set of outpatient clinics, and a hospital. Financing of the center's functions cannot be carried out without federal support, and a network of relationships with government agencies has emerged. The impact of these relationships was discussed with key…

  18. University Industry Collaboration and Graduates' Unemployment in Ondo State, Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adepoju, O. O.; Adedeji, A. O

    2015-01-01

    Research evidence shows that university industry collaboration presents a wide range of benefits to industries, higher institutions, and to the development of a nation. This study investigated the existence of university industry collaboration, the factors militating against the collaboration, and the extent to which university industry…

  19. 48 CFR 19.504 - Inclusion of Federal Prison Industries, Inc.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Prison Industries, Inc. 19.504 Section 19.504 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION... Federal Prison Industries, Inc. When using competitive procedures in accordance with 8.602(a)(4), agencies shall include Federal Prison Industries, Inc. (FPI), in the solicitation process and consider a...

  20. 48 CFR 18.106 - Acquisitions from Federal Prison Industries, Inc. (FPI).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Acquisitions from Federal Prison Industries, Inc. (FPI). 18.106 Section 18.106 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL... Flexibilities 18.106 Acquisitions from Federal Prison Industries, Inc. (FPI). Purchase from FPI is not...

  1. University - industry collaborations: models, drivers and cultures.

    PubMed

    Ehrismann, Dominic; Patel, Dhavalkumar

    2015-01-01

    The way academic institutions and pharmaceutical companies have been approaching collaborations has changed significantly in recent years. A multitude of interaction models were tested and critical factors that drive successful collaborations have been proposed. Based on this experience the current consensus in the pharmaceutical industry is to pursue one of two strategies: an open innovation approach to source discoveries wherever they occur, or investing selectively into scientific partnerships that churn out inventions that can be translated from bench to bedside internally. While these strategies may be intuitive, to form and build sustainable relationships between academia and large multinational healthcare enterprises is proving challenging. In this article we explore some of the more testing aspects of these collaborations, approaches that various industrial players have taken and provide our own views on the matter. We found that understanding and respecting each other's organisational culture and combining the intellectual and technological assets to answer big scientific questions accelerates and improves the quality of every collaboration. Upon discussing the prevailing cooperation models in the university - industry domain, we assert that science-driven collaborations where risks and rewards are shared equally without a commercial agenda in mind are the most impactful. PMID:25658854

  2. Industry Perceptions of University-Industry Relationships Related to Agricultural Biotechnology Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glenna, Leland L.; Welsh, Rick; Lacy, William B.; Biscotti, Dina

    2007-01-01

    Following a rise in university-industry relationships (UIRs), scholars began questioning the efficacy of those relationships, as well as whether industry and university research interests and integrity are being compromised. Although many of these studies focus on the university, few examine the perspectives of industry participants. We conducted…

  3. Industry Perceptions of University-Industry Relationships Related to Agricultural Biotechnology Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glenna, Leland L.; Welsh, Rick; Lacy, William B.; Biscotti, Dina

    2007-01-01

    Following a rise in university-industry relationships (UIRs), scholars began questioning the efficacy of those relationships, as well as whether industry and university research interests and integrity are being compromised. Although many of these studies focus on the university, few examine the perspectives of industry participants. We conducted

  4. University-Industry Cooperation: A Framework of Benefits and Obstacles.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mora Valentin, Eva Maria

    2000-01-01

    Universities, industry, and government each gain financial, technological, and strategic benefits from cooperation. Their motivations are educational, political, and epistemological. Barriers to cooperation include industry restrictions, appropriation of research, communication problems, and cultural differences. A legal framework and…

  5. 47 CFR 54.7 - Intended use of federal universal service support.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Intended use of federal universal service support. 54.7 Section 54.7 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES (CONTINUED) UNIVERSAL SERVICE General Information § 54.7 Intended use of federal universal service support. A carrier that receives...

  6. Industrial Perspectives on Innovation and Interactions with Universities. Summary of Interviews with Senior Industrial Officials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Industrial Research Inst., New York, NY.

    A study was done of the views of senior research managers in industry on the roles of business and universities in innovation, techical change, and competitiveness. This effort stemmed from an earlier set of roundtable discussions on university-industry research alliances and sought to add a stronger component of industrial views to an ongoing…

  7. Using IT Industry Practices to Modernize University Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Messing, John; Altas, Irfan

    2006-01-01

    Incorporating industry training into university courses is not in itself a radically new concept. Many examples in a variety of professions have demonstrated the value of industry input into university curricula. The information technology (IT) profession is different from many others in that it has high volatility and a short shelf-life of

  8. University-Industry Television, Radio and Telephone Links

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morris, Albert J.

    1970-01-01

    "This article is based on an introductory paper for a series of other papers on 'University Instructional TV Networks: What They Mean to Industry' presented at the 1969 Western Electronic Show and Convention. It is an overview of advances over the past decade in linking universities with each other and industry by radio waves and hard wire lines…

  9. Using IT Industry Practices to Modernize University Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Messing, John; Altas, Irfan

    2006-01-01

    Incorporating industry training into university courses is not in itself a radically new concept. Many examples in a variety of professions have demonstrated the value of industry input into university curricula. The information technology (IT) profession is different from many others in that it has high volatility and a short shelf-life of…

  10. Building Bridges between University and Industry: Theory and Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meredith, Sandra; Burkle, Martha

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the level of benefit to learning through developing strong links between universities and industry, and to suggest a methodology for building bridges between university and industry that provides a full learning experience for students. Design/methodology/approach: A case study approach which…

  11. Using federal technology policy to strength the US microelectronics industry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gover, J. E.; Gwyn, C. W.

    1994-07-01

    A review of US and Japanese experiences with using microelectronics consortia as a tool for strengthening their respective industries reveals major differences. Japan has established catch-up consortia with focused goals. These consortia have a finite life targeted from the beginning, and emphasis is on work that supports or leads to product and process-improvement-driven commercialization. Japan's government has played a key role in facilitating the development of consortia and has used consortia promote domestic competition. US consortia, on the other hand, have often emphasized long-range research with considerably less focus than those in Japan. The US consortia have searched for and often made revolutionary technology advancements. However, technology transfer to their members has been difficult. Only SEMATECH has assisted its members with continuous improvements, compressing product cycles, establishing relationships, and strengthening core competencies. The US government has not been a catalyst nor provided leadership in consortia creation and operation. We propose that in order to regain world leadership in areas where US companies lag foreign competition, the US should create industry-wide, horizontal-vertical, catch-up consortia or continue existing consortia in the six areas where the US lags behind Japan -- optoelectronics, displays, memories, materials, packaging, and manufacturing equipment. In addition, we recommend that consortia be established for special government microelectronics and microelectronics research integration and application. We advocate that these consortia be managed by an industry-led Microelectronics Alliance, whose establishment would be coordinated by the Department of Commerce. We further recommend that the Semiconductor Research Corporation, the National Science Foundation Engineering Research Centers, and relevant elements of other federal programs be integrated into this consortia complex.

  12. Using federal technology policy to strength the US microelectronics industry

    SciTech Connect

    Gover, J.E.; Gwyn, C.W.

    1994-07-01

    A review of US and Japanese experiences with using microelectronics consortia as a tool for strengthening their respective industries reveals major differences. Japan has established catch-up consortia with focused goals. These consortia have a finite life targeted from the beginning, and emphasis is on work that supports or leads to product and process-improvement-driven commercialization. Japan`s government has played a key role in facilitating the development of consortia and has used consortia promote domestic competition. US consortia, on the other hand, have often emphasized long-range research with considerably less focus than those in Japan. The US consortia have searched for and often made revolutionary technology advancements. However, technology transfer to their members has been difficult. Only SEMATECH has assisted its members with continuous improvements, compressing product cycles, establishing relationships, and strengthening core competencies. The US government has not been a catalyst nor provided leadership in consortia creation and operation. We propose that in order to regain world leadership in areas where US companies lag foreign competition, the US should create industry-wide, horizontal-vertical, catch-up consortia or continue existing consortia in the six areas where the US lags behind Japan -- optoelectronics, displays, memories, materials, packaging, and manufacturing equipment. In addition, we recommend that consortia be established for special government microelectronics and microelectronics research integration and application. We advocate that these consortia be managed by an industry-led Microelectronics Alliance, whose establishment would be coordinated by the Department of Commerce. We further recommend that the Semiconductor Research Corporation, the National Science Foundation Engineering Research Centers, and relevant elements of other federal programs be integrated into this consortia complex.

  13. 32 CFR 644.404 - Transfers to Federal Prison Industries, Inc.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Transfers to Federal Prison Industries, Inc. 644... Interests § 644.404 Transfers to Federal Prison Industries, Inc. 18 U.S.C. 4122 authorizes any department or agency of the Department of Defense to transfer without exchange of funds, to Federal Prison...

  14. 41 CFR 101-26.702 - Purchase of products manufactured by the Federal Prison Industries, Inc.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... manufactured by the Federal Prison Industries, Inc. 101-26.702 Section 101-26.702 Public Contracts and Property... Defense § 101-26.702 Purchase of products manufactured by the Federal Prison Industries, Inc. (a... Prison Industries, Inc., shall be accorded priority over products offered for sale by the workshops...

  15. 28 CFR 0.98 - Functions of Commissioner of Federal Prison Industries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Prison Industries. 0.98 Section 0.98 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE ORGANIZATION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Bureau of Prisons § 0.98 Functions of Commissioner of Federal Prison Industries. The Director of the Bureau of Prisons is authorized as ex officio Commissioner of Federal Prison Industries...

  16. 48 CFR 19.504 - Inclusion of Federal Prison Industries, Inc.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Inclusion of Federal Prison Industries, Inc. 19.504 Section 19.504 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAMS Set-Asides for Small Business 19.504 Inclusion...

  17. Guidelines for Industry-Sponsored Research at Universities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Varrin, Robert D.; Kukich, Diane S.

    1985-01-01

    Guidelines for successful university ties with industry are discussed. Topics covered include publication rights, patents, copyrights, confidentiality, research units, faculty consultants, faculty entrepreneurs, international agreements, sharing personnel/equipment, and model research agreements. Advocates that success lies in anticipating…

  18. Guidelines for Industry-Sponsored Research at Universities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Varrin, Robert D.; Kukich, Diane S.

    1985-01-01

    Guidelines for successful university ties with industry are discussed. Topics covered include publication rights, patents, copyrights, confidentiality, research units, faculty consultants, faculty entrepreneurs, international agreements, sharing personnel/equipment, and model research agreements. Advocates that success lies in anticipating

  19. 75 FR 56078 - Federal Advisory Committee; Defense Acquisition University Board of Visitors

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-15

    ... of the Secretary Federal Advisory Committee; Defense Acquisition University Board of Visitors AGENCY... announces that the Defense Acquisition University Board of Visitors will meet on September 15, 2010, in... Acquisition University Board of Visitors or its Designated Federal Officer, the Government was unable...

  20. University Research. Most Federal Agencies Need to Better Protect against Financial Conflicts of Interest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC.

    In fiscal year 2001, federal agencies provided $19 billion for university research, a vital part of the nation's research and development effort. GAO was asked to examine federal agencies' actions to ensure that (1) the results of the university research grants they fund are made available to the public and (2) universities receiving such grants…

  1. Contraceptive Knowledge and Sexual Behaviour among Federal University Students in Nigeria: The Case of University of Ibadan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Babalola, Blessing

    2011-01-01

    This study looked into contraceptives knowledge and sexual behaviour among federal university students in Ibadan. The main objective of this study was to find out the level of knowledge of contraceptive and the relationship between level of knowledge of contraceptive and safe sexual behaviour of federal university students in Ibadan. It is…

  2. University Science Graduates' Environmental Perceptions regarding Industry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Assaraf, Orit Ben-Zvi; Damri, Sigalit

    2009-01-01

    Throughout the last decade, the issue of sustainable development has become a major public debate topic. University science graduates have the potential of playing an important mediatory role in this debate. This is because their scientific vocation not only provides them with scientific knowledge about the core issues involved, but also puts them…

  3. The Competitive Edge: Universities and Industry Working Together.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association of State Universities and Land Grant Colleges, Washington, DC.

    This publication describes industrial extension programs at five universities and argues for establishment of a national industrial extension network to help small and medium sized manufacturers meet the challenges of the current economic climate. A loss of competitive edge is ascribed to declining technical capabilities and productivity among…

  4. Training Needs Assessment: A Model for University-Industry Cooperation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mosier, Nancy R.

    A "learning by doing" class was offered by the University of Minnesota to teach needs assessment concepts and approaches. The needs assessment was conducted at the Onan Corporation, which produces industrial engines and other equipment. The class was composed of nine graduate students in industrial or vocational education and was organized as a…

  5. 75 FR 26137 - High-Cost Universal Service Support, Federal-State Joint Board on Universal Service

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-11

    ... rates. 22. Data filed by NASUCA in response to the 2005 Remand NPRM, 71 FR 1721, January 11, 2006... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 54 High-Cost Universal Service Support, Federal-State Joint Board on Universal Service... achieve the goals of the universal service program. The Commission finds that rural rates are...

  6. 75 FR 56494 - High-Cost Universal Service Support and Federal-State Joint Board on Universal Service

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-16

    ...) by filing paper copies. See Electronic Filing of Documents in Rulemaking Proceedings, 63 FR 24121... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 54 High-Cost Universal Service Support and Federal-State Joint Board on Universal... responsible universal service fund reform. The Commission seeks comment on permanently amending our rules...

  7. A proposed university/industry/government cooperative aero educational program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Brodsky, R. F.

    1975-01-01

    A program is proposed to provide mutual aid between the beleaguered Aero Engineering degree-granting departments in the United States and United States industry/government. It is proposed that any accrued cost differentials be supported by the latter groups, although all programs proposed will provide true mutual assistance. The program suggested is designed to provide assured industrial experience for Aero faculty members, combat engineering obsolescence for industry engineers, provide assured summer work for Aero undergraduates, encourage industry/government input in curriculum and course planning, and funnel significant laboratory devices into the university system.

  8. A Sampling of Success Stories of Federal Investment in University Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2003

    This volume illustrates how Canadian federal investment is advancing key measures of success in building research capacity at Ontario universities. Program descriptions illustrate federal investment in university-based research at 18 institutions of higher education in Ontario. A look at these programs shows that government-funded research is…

  9. University/industry collaboration in remote sensing education

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ragan, R. M.; Royal, J. A.

    1981-01-01

    A graduate level course covering the development and structure of geographical information systems and the acquisition and processing of LANDSAT data for input to these systems is described. A portion of the course was devoted to hands-on classification of LANDSAT digital tapes utilizing both university and private industry processing systems. This industry/university collaboration was extremely successful and resulted in a high quality course. It gave the students an excellent experience in working in a real-world client/consultant relationship undertaken to accomplish a specific task. There were two key factors in the success of the collaboration. First, there was a very careful product definition and advance meetings between the University faculty and the company personnel to be involved. Second, the students were not taken into the industrial facility until late in the course, after they had a reasonable knowledge of the physical bases of remote sensing, the concept of spectral signatures, and the fundamentals of pattern analysis.

  10. Federal-Provincial Relations and Support for Universities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council of Ontario Universities, Toronto.

    This policy paper argues that maintaining the universities' role--that of creating and transmitting knowledge over a broad spectrum of disciplines and professions--and supporting the institutional infrastructure, will require a new definition of the Canadian government responsibility in financing universities. Sources of university funding in…

  11. Federal Agencies and the Black Colleges and Universities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayes, John T.

    Federal funding for research and other programs at historically black colleges is examined in an effort to determine how successful these programs have been in increasing the numbers and qualifications of black scientists. Data were obtained from agencies of the federal government, the United Negro College Fund, and the Institute for Services to…

  12. 75 FR 13093 - Renewal of Department of Defense Federal Advisory Committee; Defense Acquisition University Board...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Office of the Secretary Renewal of Department of Defense Federal Advisory Committee; Defense Acquisition University Board of Visitors AGENCY: Department of Defense (DoD). ACTION: Renewal of Federal...

  13. Federal Life Sciences Funding and University R&D. NBER Working Paper No. 15146

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blume-Kohout, Margaret E.; Kumar, Krishna B.; Sood, Neeraj

    2009-01-01

    This paper investigates the impact of federal extramural research funding on total expenditures for life sciences research and development (R&D) at U.S. universities, to determine whether federal R&D funding spurs funding from non-federal (private and state/local government) sources. We use a fixed effects instrumental variable approach to…

  14. Enhancing the Industrial PhD Programme as a Policy Tool for University-Industry Cooperation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roolaht, Tõnu

    2015-01-01

    The changing role of universities in society includes the increasing expectation that academic institutions should engage in collaboration with companies. Industrial PhD programmes are educational tools for building bridges between the academic sector and industry. In these programmes, the PhD student studies and carries out research while being…

  15. Developing and Managing University-Industry Research Collaborations through a Process Methodology/Industrial Sector Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Philbin, Simon P.

    2010-01-01

    A management framework has been successfully utilized at Imperial College London in the United Kingdom to improve the process for developing and managing university-industry research collaborations. The framework has been part of a systematic approach to increase the level of research contracts from industrial sources, to strengthen the…

  16. Industry Perceptions of Industry-University Partnerships Related to Doctoral Education in South Africa

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herman, Chaya

    2013-01-01

    An assessment of the extent to which industry-university partnerships in doctoral education, which have become increasingly prevalent in the knowledge economy, have begun to penetrate the South African higher education milieu, is reported. The factors that motivate large industries in developing countries such as South Africa to invest in doctoral…

  17. Industry Perceptions of Industry-University Partnerships Related to Doctoral Education in South Africa

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herman, Chaya

    2013-01-01

    An assessment of the extent to which industry-university partnerships in doctoral education, which have become increasingly prevalent in the knowledge economy, have begun to penetrate the South African higher education milieu, is reported. The factors that motivate large industries in developing countries such as South Africa to invest in doctoral

  18. Enhancing the Industrial PhD Programme as a Policy Tool for University-Industry Cooperation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roolaht, Tnu

    2015-01-01

    The changing role of universities in society includes the increasing expectation that academic institutions should engage in collaboration with companies. Industrial PhD programmes are educational tools for building bridges between the academic sector and industry. In these programmes, the PhD student studies and carries out research while being

  19. University-Industry Spillovers, Government Funding, and Industrial Consulting. NBER Working Paper No. 15732

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jensen, Richard; Thursby, Jerry; Thursby, Marie C.

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents a theoretical model of faculty consulting in the context of government and industry funding for research within the university, which then frames an empirical analysis of the funding and consulting of 458 individual faculty inventors from 8 major US universities. In the theory, firms realize that they free ride on government

  20. Is Industry-University Interaction Promoting Innovation in the Brazilian Pharmaceutical Industry?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paranhos, Julia; Hasenclever, Lia

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyses industry-university interaction and its characteristics in the Brazilian pharmaceutical system of innovation, taking account of the relevance of company strategies, the approach of the universities and the actions of government. By analysing primary and secondary data the authors show that, for as long as corporate investment…

  1. University-Industry Spillovers, Government Funding, and Industrial Consulting. NBER Working Paper No. 15732

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jensen, Richard; Thursby, Jerry; Thursby, Marie C.

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents a theoretical model of faculty consulting in the context of government and industry funding for research within the university, which then frames an empirical analysis of the funding and consulting of 458 individual faculty inventors from 8 major US universities. In the theory, firms realize that they free ride on government…

  2. Is Industry-University Interaction Promoting Innovation in the Brazilian Pharmaceutical Industry?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paranhos, Julia; Hasenclever, Lia

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyses industry-university interaction and its characteristics in the Brazilian pharmaceutical system of innovation, taking account of the relevance of company strategies, the approach of the universities and the actions of government. By analysing primary and secondary data the authors show that, for as long as corporate investment

  3. New Openings in University-Industry Cooperation: Aalto University as the Forerunner of European University Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Markkula, Markku; Lappalainen, Pia

    2009-01-01

    The Innovation University (IU)--to be called the Aalto University after Alvav Aalto, a famous Finnish architect and MIT professor--is a new university which will be created through a merger of three existing universities: the Helsinki University of Technology (TKK), the Helsinki School of Economics (HSE) and the University of Art and Design…

  4. New Openings in University-Industry Cooperation: Aalto University as the Forerunner of European University Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Markkula, Markku; Lappalainen, Pia

    2009-01-01

    The Innovation University (IU)--to be called the Aalto University after Alvav Aalto, a famous Finnish architect and MIT professor--is a new university which will be created through a merger of three existing universities: the Helsinki University of Technology (TKK), the Helsinki School of Economics (HSE) and the University of Art and Design

  5. Federal incentives for industrial modernization: Historical review and future opportunities

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Coleman, Sandra C.; Batson, Robert G.

    1987-01-01

    Concerns over the aging of the U.S. aerospace industrial base led DOD to introduce first its Technology Modernization (Tech Mod) Program, and more recently the Industrial Modernization Incentive Program (IMIP). These incentives include productivity shared savings rewards, contractor investment protection to allow for amortization of plant and equipment, and subcontractor/vendor participation. The purpose here is to review DOD IMIP and to evaluate whether a similar program is feasible for NASA and other non-DOD agencies. The IMIP methodology is of interest to industrial engineers because it provides a structured, disciplined approach to identifying productivity improvement opportunities and documenting their expected benefit. However, it is shown that more research on predicting and validating cost avoidance is needed.

  6. University-Industry Research Collaboration: A Model to Assess University Capability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abramo, Giovanni; D'Angelo, Ciriaco Andrea; Di Costa, Flavia

    2011-01-01

    Scholars and policy makers recognize that collaboration between industry and the public research institutions is a necessity for innovation and national economic development. This work presents an econometric model which expresses the university capability for collaboration with industry as a function of size, location and research quality. The…

  7. University-Industry Research Collaboration: A Model to Assess University Capability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abramo, Giovanni; D'Angelo, Ciriaco Andrea; Di Costa, Flavia

    2011-01-01

    Scholars and policy makers recognize that collaboration between industry and the public research institutions is a necessity for innovation and national economic development. This work presents an econometric model which expresses the university capability for collaboration with industry as a function of size, location and research quality. The

  8. Attitude to the subject of chemistry in undergraduate nursing students at Fiji National University and Federation University, Australia.

    PubMed

    Brown, Stephen; Wakeling, Lara; Peck, Blake; Naiker, Mani; Hill, Dolores; Naidu, Keshni

    2015-01-01

    Attitude to the subject of chemistry was quantified in first-year undergraduate nursing students, at two geographically distinct universities. A purpose-designed diagnostic instrument (ASCI) was given to students at Federation University, Australia (n= 114), and at Fiji National University, Fiji (n=160). Affective and cognitive sub-scales within ASCI showed reasonable internal consistency. Cronbach's alpha for the cognitive sub-scale was 0.786 and 0.630, and 0.787 and 0.788 for affective sub-scale for the Federation University and Fiji National University students, respectively. Mean (SD) score for the cognitive sub-scale was 10.5 (5.6) and 15.2 (4.1) for students at Federation University and Fiji National University, respectively (P<0.001, t-test). Mean (SD) score for the affective sub-scale was 13.1 (5.1) and 20.7 (4.3) for students at Federation University and Fiji National University, respectively (P < 0.001, t-test). An exploratory factor analysis (n=274) confirmed a two-factor solution consistent with affective and cognitive sub-scales, each with good internal consistency. Quantifying attitude to chemistry in undergraduate nursing students using ASCI may have utility in assessing the impact of novel teaching strategies used in the education of nursing students in areas of bioscience and chemistry. However, geographically distinct populations of undergraduate nurses may show very different attitudes to chemistry. PMID:26775523

  9. Evolving Knowledge Integration and Absorptive Capacity Perspectives upon University-Industry Interaction within a University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sparrow, John; Tarkowski, Krystyna; Lancaster, Nick; Mooney, Michele

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to report upon an initiative within a case study UK university to facilitate service innovation in small firms. The paper aims to outline how explicit use of such concepts has the potential to enhance the effectiveness of this form of university-industry interaction. Design/methodology/approach: The paper…

  10. University-Industry Collaboration from a Relationship Marketing Perspective: An Empirical Analysis in a Spanish University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frasquet, Marta; Calderon, Haydee; Cervera, Amparo

    2012-01-01

    Building relationships between universities and industry bodies is of prime importance for creating value for universities' stakeholders. This paper focuses on relationships in relation to undergraduate internship programmes in the Social Sciences. Using the relationship marketing approach, we analyze this type of collaboration of firms with a…

  11. Evolving Knowledge Integration and Absorptive Capacity Perspectives upon University-Industry Interaction within a University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sparrow, John; Tarkowski, Krystyna; Lancaster, Nick; Mooney, Michele

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to report upon an initiative within a case study UK university to facilitate service innovation in small firms. The paper aims to outline how explicit use of such concepts has the potential to enhance the effectiveness of this form of university-industry interaction. Design/methodology/approach: The paper

  12. University-Industry Collaboration from a Relationship Marketing Perspective: An Empirical Analysis in a Spanish University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frasquet, Marta; Calderon, Haydee; Cervera, Amparo

    2012-01-01

    Building relationships between universities and industry bodies is of prime importance for creating value for universities' stakeholders. This paper focuses on relationships in relation to undergraduate internship programmes in the Social Sciences. Using the relationship marketing approach, we analyze this type of collaboration of firms with a

  13. The Federal Role in Supporting Public Universities' Global Missions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simon, Lou Anna K.; Foster, Richard M.; Austin, John C.

    2010-01-01

    America's "super-league" of global universities will play an increasingly pivotal role in the 21st century economy. These universities' substantial metropolitan and regional economic contributions are magnified by the role they play in fueling innovation, boosting educational attainment, and engaging with the rest of the world on an increasingly…

  14. Comparative Review of UK-USA Industry-University Relationships

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Decter, Moira H.

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore significant historical changes, legislation and policy in the UK and USA from the 1960s to present day relating to university-industry relationships. Design/methodology/approach: The paper presents a review of papers, reports and policy documents from the UK and USA drawing comparisons of…

  15. Can University-Industry Linkages Stimulate Student Employability?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ishengoma, Esther; Vaaland, Terje I.

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to identify important university-industry linkage (UIL) activities that can stimulate the likelihood of employability among students. Design/methodology/approach: A total of 404 respondents located in Tanzania, comprising students, faculty members and employees from 20 companies operating within the oil and

  16. University-Industry-Government Relations. A "Complexes" Equation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marceau, Jane

    1996-01-01

    The triple helix image of university-industry-government relations should be reconsidered with a focus on knowledge production systems. Public policies aimed at improving relationships should recognize the contributions made in this new mode of production and take into account users as the fourth player. (SK)

  17. Can University-Industry Linkages Stimulate Student Employability?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ishengoma, Esther; Vaaland, Terje I.

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to identify important university-industry linkage (UIL) activities that can stimulate the likelihood of employability among students. Design/methodology/approach: A total of 404 respondents located in Tanzania, comprising students, faculty members and employees from 20 companies operating within the oil and…

  18. Electronic Commerce Resource Centers. An Industry--University Partnership.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gulledge, Thomas R.; Sommer, Rainer; Tarimcilar, M. Murat

    1999-01-01

    Electronic Commerce Resource Centers focus on transferring emerging technologies to small businesses through university/industry partnerships. Successful implementation hinges on a strategic operating plan, creation of measurable value for customers, investment in customer-targeted training, and measurement of performance outputs. (SK)

  19. University-Industry Technology Transfer in Hong Kong

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Poon, Patrick S.; Chan, Kan S.

    2007-01-01

    In the modern knowledge economy, higher educational institutions are being required to deal with commercialising the results of their research, spinning out knowledge-based enterprises and facilitating technology transfer between their research centres and industrial firms. The universities are undergoing changes in institutional and…

  20. Partnering for a Prosperous & Secure Future: The Federal Government and Research Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of American Universities, 2012

    2012-01-01

    With the Presidential election two months away, this paper presents a set of actions the Association of American Universities (AAU) believes the President and his Administration can take to advance the partnership between the federal government and research universities--as well as actions that universities themselves need to take to ensure that…

  1. 75 FR 22559 - Federal Advisory Committee; Air University Board of Visitors; Charter Renewal

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-29

    ... of the Secretary Federal Advisory Committee; Air University Board of Visitors; Charter Renewal AGENCY... the charter for the Air University Board of Visitors (hereafter referred to as the Board). FOR FURTHER... activities of Air University. The Board shall: a. Review and evaluate the progress of the...

  2. 75 FR 25156 - High-Cost Universal Service Support, Federal-State Joint Board on Universal Service, Lifeline and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-07

    ... Documents in Rulemaking Proceedings, 63 FR 24121, May 1, 1998. Electronic Filers: Comments may be filed... voice telephone service. 2. The Commission in the Twelfth Report and Order, 65 FR 47941, August 4, 2000...-Cost Universal Service Support, Federal-State Joint Board on Universal Service, Lifeline and...

  3. 28 CFR 0.98 - Functions of Commissioner of Federal Prison Industries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... industrial enterprises in all Federal penal and correctional institutions. (b) Sponsor vocational training programs in Federal penal and correctional institutions. (c) Contract for the transfer of property or... penal or correctional institution of the District of Columbia, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 4122....

  4. The University-Industry Relations of an Entrepreneurial University: The Case of the University of Twente.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schutte, Frits

    1999-01-01

    Describes the development of the University of Twente from a regional teaching university to a national research university, the "entrepreneurial university" of the Netherlands. Focuses on spinoffs from the university, an incubator in a business and science park and the generation of venture capital. Estimates the regional impact of such

  5. The University-Industry Relations of an Entrepreneurial University: The Case of the University of Twente.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schutte, Frits

    1999-01-01

    Describes the development of the University of Twente from a regional teaching university to a national research university, the "entrepreneurial university" of the Netherlands. Focuses on spinoffs from the university, an incubator in a business and science park and the generation of venture capital. Estimates the regional impact of such…

  6. WIND ENERGY RESEARCH AT UNIVERSITY AND FEDERAL LEVELS

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Modern wind energy research began not long after the 1973 oil embargo. The Federal government established programs for large machines, small machines, wind resources, and applications in rural and remote areas. The research for the applications in rural and remote areas was conducted by the USDA-Ag...

  7. Development of university-industry partnerships in railroad engineering education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lautala, Pasi T.

    Rail transportation has been an important part of the North American transportation network since the 19th century and it continues to be a major contributor to the economic well-being and the global competitiveness of the U.S. The recent expansion in freight rail volumes and forecasts for continuous growth, together with more favorable attitudes for urban passenger rail present several challenges for the rail industry. One of the challenges is the availability of a well educated engineering workforce. The rail industry has recognized a need to attract new railroad professionals from various disciplines for management and technical positions, but most universities eliminated railroad engineering from their curricula after the recruitment levels faded several decades ago. Today, railroad expertise and related engineering courses exist at only a few universities and most students graduate without any exposure to rail topics. While industry representatives have expressed their concern about a future workforce, little data is available on the extent of the demand, on the characteristics and skills of preferred candidates, and on the role that universities can play. A benchmarking study was undertaken to investigate the demand for university engineering graduates and assess whether current methods are sufficient to attract, educate, recruit, train and retain engineering students in the railroad profession. Data was collected from industry human resources and training managers to define the quantitative and qualitative needs for railroad engineers. In addition, recently hired engineers working in the rail industry were surveyed to determine the extent of their university exposure in rail topics and how it affected their career choice. The surveys indicated an increase of over 300 percent in the annual recruitment for railroad engineers by the participating companies between 2002 and 2005. Recruitment levels are expected to remain high for the next five to ten years due to high demand for rail transportation and an older engineering workforce with the greatest demand for civil, electrical and mechanical engineers with bachelor's degrees. The rail industry and universities have grown apart over the past several decades, as rail programs and courses were abandoned at universities and there were very limited recruitment and research activities by the railroads at universities. Today, specialized course(s) in rail topics are offered at approximately three percent of ABET accredited civil engineering programs in the U.S. and only 16 percent of engineers who responded to the survey had received university exposure to rail topics. The research findings suggest that increased university participation has the potential to assist the rail industry in all aspects related to attracting, educating, recruiting, training and retaining engineering graduates. The primary advantages would be greater industry visibility and student knowledge in rail topics. Increased prior knowledge, on the other hand, improves the effectiveness of industry training programs and offers a potential for sizable training cost reductions. As a final conclusion, the research suggests that the most effective approach for developing future railroad engineers is a balancing act where the responsibilities should be shared by the rail industry and universities based on each others strengths. University participation should include multiple types and levels, including introductory lectures, co-op/internship programs, courses in railroad engineering, and a minor or certificate in railroad engineering that would include several courses. Due to the urgent demand for railroad engineers and time it takes to rebuild the expertise on campuses, the development process should begin immediately, be incremental, and utilize concepts, such as cooperation with other universities or engineer-in-residence, that reduce the demand of internal university resources. The challenges to the process, such as willingness of partners to understand each others needs and motivations for the relationship should be alleviated by developing performance goals and measures of success. While it is impossible to evaluate all aspects of university level railroad engineering education in one study, this research suggests that there are opportunities for a partnership between the rail industry and universities. The purpose of this research was to identify those opportunities and increase the understanding of the forces that shape the demand for railroad engineers and engineering education. The findings can be used both by the rail industry and the universities as they initiate change in the current processes and thrive to develop railroad engineers to meet the demands of the 21 st century.

  8. 77 FR 8843 - Acquisition of Items for Which Federal Prison Industries Has a Significant Market Share

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-15

    ... notice published February 8, 2012, at 77 FR 6549, make the following correction to ``DATES: Effective... Defense Acquisition Regulations System Acquisition of Items for Which Federal Prison Industries Has a... Prison Industries' share of the DoD market is greater than five percent. DATES: Effective Date:...

  9. University-Industry Partnership for Effective Industrialization: A Framework for Ngumzo

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kinyua, A. M.

    A conceptual framework for partnerships between University and Industry emphasizing the need for Ngumzo (i.e. dialogue with harmony) is presented. This framework is based on the model of a microprocessor. Inputs that encompass University-Industry collaboration when processed lead to different outputs. It is being proposed that national policy and delivery of inputs to our national institutions are not sufficient to change the University-Industry relationships or partnerships. The alternative is that it will be the central role of each individual institution, in all its complexity, to pay more attention in the planning, management and evaluation of its technical education among other inherent activities. The experiences of assembling and marketing of the NUNTM PC at the Institute of Nuclear Science will be presented.

  10. Low-income energy policy in a restructuring electricity industry: an assessment of federal options

    SciTech Connect

    Baxter, L.W.

    1997-07-01

    This report identifies both the low-income energy services historically provided in the electricity industry and those services that may be affected by industry restructuring. It identifies policies that are being proposed or could be developed to address low- income electricity services in a restructured industry. It discusses potential federal policy options and identifies key policy and implementation issues that arise when considering these potential federal initiatives. To understand recent policy development at the state level, we reviewed restructuring proposals from eight states and the accompanying testimony and comments filed in restructuring proceedings in these states.

  11. The impact of industry/university consortia programs on space education

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Page, John R.; Stone, Barbara A.

    1993-01-01

    The paper describes the industry/university consortia programs established by the United States and Australia and examines these programs from the viewpoint of their impact on space education in their respective countries. Particular attention is given to the aim and the nature of the three programs involved: the Centers for the Commercial Development of Space (CCDSs) (funded by NASA), which are currently involving about 250 companies and 88 universities as participants; the Space Industry Development Centers (SIDCs) (funded by the Australian Space Office): and the Cooperative Research Centers (CRCs) (funded by the Federal Government), which are not limited to the space area but are open to activities ranging from medical research to waste-water treatment. It is emphasized that, while the main aim of the CCDS, SIDC, and CRC programs is to develop space expertise, space education is a very significant byproduct of the activity of these agencies.

  12. Federal Tax Problems of College and University Auxiliary Organizations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Francis, John W.

    1975-01-01

    Reviews the Revenue Act of 1950, the Tax Reform Act of 1969, and other rulings regarding such issues as public/private foundation differentiation, exempt status, feeder organizations, and unrelated business income for bookstores, housing and food services, associated students, student newspapers, athletic associations, research, university press,

  13. 77 FR 75263 - Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Termination; Universal Insurance Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-19

    ..., at 77 FR 39322. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Surety Bond Branch at (202) 874-6850. SUPPLEMENTARY... Fiscal Service Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Termination; Universal Insurance Company... Insurance Company (NAIC 31704) under 31 U.S.C. 9305 to qualify as an acceptable surety on Federal bonds...

  14. 75 FR 6791 - Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds-Termination: Trinity Universal Insurance Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-10

    ..., 2009, at 74 FR 31536. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Surety Bond Branch at (202) 874-6850... Fiscal Service Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds--Termination: Trinity Universal Insurance... the above-named company under 31 U.S.C. 9305 to qualify as an acceptable surety on Federal bonds...

  15. The Competition for Industry Research Funding: How Satisfied Are University Commercial Research Clients?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coyle, Troy

    2009-01-01

    Constrained public funding for universities and the emphasis placed on university-industry interactions mean that universities are increasingly required to compete for industrial funds for research. This in turn means that universities need to develop a customer service culture in order to be competitive and attractive to industry. Many studies…

  16. The Practicality of Cooperative Education between an Industry and University

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oomichi, Takeo; Jianming, Yang; Matsubara, Takenori; Tatsuno, Kyoichi; Takahashi, Tomoichi

    Some cooperative methods have been proposed and executed as the R&D (research and development) between universities and industries meld together to form a new hybeid business. This paper proposes the ides of “Fusion Education” for the advancement of education and for fostering new business. In fusion education, university students will begin by mainly verifying the application potential of a developed system such as modulated robotic software, for example, and improve specific areas when and if needed. Then, the university will rank the systems according to its reliability or safety record (based on the student) complete verification test which includes data on when the robot will be operated and under what varying conditions (such as performance in various private houses). The university essentially gives students the chance to find a solution to practical problems while the industry gets a reliable (fully authorized) system as result of this education process. The concept and feasibility of this “fusion education” will now be discussed.

  17. Bench to beside: motivation for university industry partnership.

    PubMed

    Thakor, Nitish V

    2009-01-01

    This paper discusses the motivation for entrepreneurship in academia and for forging a relationship between an academic laboratory and a startup. University based personnel, faculty and students, priorities basic bench research. On the other side, industry, particularly startups, prioritize technology development for clinical and commercial translation. The paper presents personal experience as a case study. University based researchers, faculty and students, might participate in and benefit from such an entrepreneurial activity. A University spin off would facilitate translational of bench research ideas and results to technologies for bedside use. Attention to issues such as conflict of interest and concern and ethics of working with human subjects need to be managed by the investigators and the institution. While entrepreneurial activity is not for everyone, it does provide the benefit and satisfaction to see research reach practice. PMID:19963705

  18. UNIVERSAL INDUSTRIAL SECTORS INTEGRATED SOLUTIONS MODEL FOR PULP AND PAPER MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY – UISIS-PNP

    EPA Science Inventory

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has developed a model for the pulp and paper sector that provides an integrated approach for investigating, developing, and evaluating strategies for reducing the emissions of interest. The Universal Industrial Sectors Integrated Sol...

  19. UNIVERSAL INDUSTRIAL SECTORS INTEGRATED SOLUTIONS MODEL FOR PULP AND PAPER MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY UISIS-PNP

    EPA Science Inventory

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has developed a model for the pulp and paper sector that provides an integrated approach for investigating, developing, and evaluating strategies for reducing the emissions of interest. The Universal Industrial Sectors Integrated Sol...

  20. An Impact Analysis of Regional Industry--University Interactions: The Case of Industrial PhD Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gustavsson, Linda; Nuur, Cali; Sderlind, Johan

    2016-01-01

    The authors discuss Triple Helix collaborations in the context of regional competitiveness. Through an exploratory case study, they identify and analyse the impact of the establishment of industrial PhD schools for participating industry and universities. The study was conducted in Sweden in 2014 and focuses on three industry--university

  1. Federal Government Funding of Research in Universities in Nigeria, the University of Benin as a Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osagie, Roseline O.

    2012-01-01

    It is increasingly evident that research is extremely critical and important if universities are to serve as engines of development in their areas of locations. For a knowledge-driven world, investment in research and development (R&D) is a sine qua non for a nation. Few studies have examined the federal government's investment in research in…

  2. MicroMAPS: Leveraging Federal and Universities' Resources for Atmospheric Sciences Research and Education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sandy, M.; Companion, J. A.; Connors, V. S.

    2007-05-01

    NASA Langley Research Center approached the Virginia Space Grant Consortium, a NASA-sponsored coalition of universities, NASA research centers and state agencies with the opportunity to develop a scientific mission and flight opportunities for an un-flown atmospheric composition remote sensor, MicroMAPS. The resulting partnership led to new life for this instrument from a space-borne carbon monoxide remote sensor to an high altitude airborne instrument that measures tropospheric carbon monoxide in the near infrared portion of the spectrum. The five year effort to date has leveraged the existing instrument with work by student teams overseen by faculty and NASA advisors, with both NASA and industry contributions. The result is a viable instrument system that has flown in four international scientific field campaigns aboard the Scaled Composites Proteus aircraft, generating 300 plus hours of CO data to date over North America, Italy, the Mediterranean, England, the North Sea, Darwin, Northern Australia, the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, and the Pacific Ocean between Australia and California. A relatively small investment by NASA and contributions by 56 students and nine faculty members, both active and retired NASA engineers and scientists, as well as a Canadian aerospace research company (which designed and built the MicroMAPS instrument) yielded successful results that go well beyond the instrument and data retrieved. The effort provided a valuable educational research experience for students from three universities whose work included contributions in: 1) Development of the instrument system and pod design for the Proteus flights; 2) Development of assessment strategy and analysis of instrument performance; 3) Development of the operations and data management strategy; 4) Contributions to development of design, implementation, and analysis of sensor calibration at Resonance Ltd., Barrie, Canada 5) Development of a new data reduction strategy for the airborne configuration over northern mid-latitudes and tropical regions. 6) Development of the instrument system and pod design for possible flights on Altair (a unmanned airborne vehicle managed at the NASA Dryden Flight Center) and 7) Geo-referencing of MicroMAPS data. An overview of the MicroMAPS project partnership will be presented and the potential for collaboration between federal laboratories and industry with National Space Grant Consortia and their Space Grant universities on similar partnerships will be described.

  3. Licensing biotech intellectual property in university-industry partnerships.

    PubMed

    Drozdoff, Vladimir; Fairbairn, Daryl

    2015-03-01

    Appropriate negotiation and drafting of license agreements are critical to successfully establishing and managing the expansive and complex relationships that are becoming more common between industry and universities. More often than not, the resulting licensing agreements become quite lengthy and complex, and the key principles become difficult to discern among all the details. This summary provides a short, nonexhaustive introduction to some of the essential components of these licenses with the intent of providing the non-licensing professional a better appreciation of some of the key commercial and legal terms from both an academic and company perspective, keeping in mind some of the considerations that particularly apply to biotechnology deals. PMID:25605752

  4. Guidelines for industry-sponsored research at universities.

    PubMed

    Varrin, Robert D; Kukich, Diane S

    1985-01-25

    The authors postulate that, as the number of university-industry cooperative research programs increases, the potential for problems arising from the inherent differences between the two types of organizations will increase as well. They maintain that success in such relationships can be promoted by anticipating problems and developing guidelines for averting or dealing effectively with them. Ten such guidelines are presented, concerning publication rights, patent ownership, copyright, confidentiality agreements, research units, faculty consultants and entrepreneurs, international agreements, sharing of personnel and equipment, and model research agreements. PMID:11643811

  5. 78 FR 18252 - Prevailing Rate Systems; North American Industry Classification System Based Federal Wage System...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-26

    ..., the U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM) issued a final rule (73 FR 45853) to update the 2002...; ] OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT 5 CFR Part 532 RIN 3206-AM78 Prevailing Rate Systems; North American Industry Classification System Based Federal Wage System Wage Surveys AGENCY: U. S. Office of...

  6. Research & Development in the Federal Budget: FY 1980. Industry, International. AAAS Report IV.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shapley, Willis H.; Phillips, Don I.

    The federal government's budgeting process for allocating resources to research and development (R&D) is described. The report includes: The FY 1980 Budget and R&D; R&D Policies in the FY 1980 Budget; The Budget Statistics for R&D; Agency R&D Trends; R&D in Industry; and International Aspects of R&D. (MK)

  7. Geographical Distribution of Federal Science Funds to Colleges and Universities. Report of the Comptroller General of the United States.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Comptroller General of the U.S., Washington, DC.

    This report provides data on the geographical distribution patterns of federal research and development and other funds to colleges and universities, information on federal programs established in the 1960's to strengthen academic science, and factors accounting for progress by universities in competing for federal funds. Summarizing statements…

  8. 78 FR 48658 - Defense Acquisition University Board of Visitors; Notice of Federal Advisory Committee Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-09

    ...Under the provisions of the Federal Advisory Committee Act of 1972 (5 U.S.C., Appendix, as amended), the Government in the Sunshine Act of 1976 (5 U.S.C. 552b, as amended), and 41 CFR 102-3.150, the Department of Defense announces that the following Federal advisory committee meeting of the Defense Acquisition University Board of Visitors will take...

  9. A Survey of Bandwidth Utilization: Case Study of Federal University of Technology Minna

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Haq, A.; Bello Salau, H.; Aibinu, A. M.; Onwuka, E. N.

    2013-12-01

    The effective utilization of the limited scarce bandwidth resources allocated by a spectrum regulator usually the Nigerian Communications Commissions (NCC) in Nigeria universities is paramount in maximizing the usage of the expensive scarce bandwidth resources. A significant bandwidth allocation is needed in order to meet up with the challenges of the day and the task of networking, communicating and reaching the word in our universities. Therefore, bandwidth management becomes necessary and essential. This paper contributes in that direction by surveying the bandwidth utilization at Federal University of Technology Minna campus with the hope of proffering a general solution that can be adopted in Nigerian universities for effective bandwidth management. Also, factors that hindered the development of most Nigeria universities are also examined. The federal university of technology minna which is structured like all other universities in the country in terms of the bandwidth requirement was choosing as a case study for this research work. Furthermore, some policies which can be adopted in order to effectively manage the scarce bandwidth resources in Nigerian universities are also proposed.

  10. University Start-up Companies as a Response to Changing Federal Funding

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dehn, J.; Webley, P.

    2013-12-01

    In challenging financial times, science funding is often one of the first casualties in a federal budget. In some cases the unfunded research has market potential and many universities are adopting policies to allow faculty and staff to form companies to support continuing research. Though this is clearly not a replacement for federal support for basic science, it can augment science funding and support the university missions of education, research and service. When federal support for volcano remote sensing at the University of Alaska Fairbanks Geophysical Institute as part of the Alaska Volcano Observatory after 25 years, the PIs started a company called V-ADAPT (Volcanic-Ash Detection, Avoidance and Preparedness for Transportation). This presented a variety of challenges and changing relationships within the volcanic monitoring community. It also raised a series of important questions: (1) What is the role of a private company in providing something that was once publically available? (2) How will the marketplace influence the directions of the research at a university? (3) How can the restrictions placed on federal employees allow effective collaboration? (4) Can the Bayh-Dole and Stafford Acts exist in harmony in this environment? There are many successful examples of start-up companies working well within this environment, but much of this is dependent on the laws and regulations in each state, that vary widely. In addition, many universities have policies in place that are not always compatible with model. A flexible approach is needed to ensure that university missions are not compromised and that an effective business model can support research. Few scientists are not business-savvy, so utilizing the other expertise at a university in schools of business, finance, management and political science is recommended.

  11. Engineering Discourse in the Structure of the ESP Training at Southern Federal University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sidelnik, Ellina; Melnik, Olga; Burenko, Lyudmila

    2016-01-01

    This paper discusses the essentials of engineering discourse in the structure of the ESP training at Southern Federal University (SFU) (Taganrog, Russia). The purpose of this paper is to justify critical rethinking of existing programs of technical students training in foreign languages at SFU taking into account the increasing role of engineering…

  12. Fighting for Excellence: The Case of the Federal University of Pelotas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Santana, Silvina; Moreira, Cristiane; Roberto, Teresa; Azambuja, Flavia

    2010-01-01

    This paper investigates the implementation and evaluation of quality management systems within the higher education sector in Brazil. It is based on Institutional and Neo Institutional theories and presents the case of the Federal University of Pelotas, to discuss higher education institutions' options in a context of wide and complex…

  13. The Impact of the Federal Regulatory Process upon the Fiscal Condition of Independent Colleges and Universities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities, Washington, DC.

    A forthcoming study by the National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities is described that will examine the costs of implementing federal regulations, including academic and overall costs. Their current and potential impact on American higher education will be addressed. The study will be comprised of three phases: (1) a…

  14. For Whom the Pell Tolls: The Response of University Tuition to Federal Grants-in-Aid

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singell, Larry D., Jr.; Stone, Joe A.

    2007-01-01

    The Pell grant program is the largest federal program for college students, with support to over three million students at more than 6000 institutions. A prominent question in public debate is whether Pell grants tend to be appropriated by universities through increases in tuition--consistent with what is known as the Bennett hypothesis. Based on…

  15. Federal Income Tax Guide for College & University Presidents. The New Millennium.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harding, Bertrand

    This guide addresses the federal income tax considerations a college or university president faces as an employee and the special tax issues that arise by virtue of serving as the institution's chief executive officer. It does not contain information about state and local taxes, nor does it discuss the tax situation of the institution. Specific…

  16. Fighting for Excellence: The Case of the Federal University of Pelotas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Santana, Silvina; Moreira, Cristiane; Roberto, Teresa; Azambuja, Flavia

    2010-01-01

    This paper investigates the implementation and evaluation of quality management systems within the higher education sector in Brazil. It is based on Institutional and Neo Institutional theories and presents the case of the Federal University of Pelotas, to discuss higher education institutions' options in a context of wide and complex

  17. An Impact Analysis of Regional Industry--University Interactions: The Case of Industrial PhD Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gustavsson, Linda; Nuur, Cali; Söderlind, Johan

    2016-01-01

    The authors discuss Triple Helix collaborations in the context of regional competitiveness. Through an exploratory case study, they identify and analyse the impact of the establishment of industrial PhD schools for participating industry and universities. The study was conducted in Sweden in 2014 and focuses on three industry--university…

  18. Land-Grant University-Industry Relationships in Biotechnology: A Comparison with the Non-Land-Grant Research Universities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curry, James; Kenney, Martin

    1990-01-01

    Presents study of industrial involvement in biotechnology research, comparing faculty surveys from land-grant colleges of agriculture and nonagricultural research universities. Agricultural biotechnologists report higher industrial involvement and more optimism about it. Industrial funding levels shown as significant factor in activities and

  19. Industry and University: New Forms of Co-operation and Communication.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blume, Stuart; And Others

    Ways that university-industry networks begin and then operate are discussed, based on 14 country reports. The various types of collaborative networks are considered, with particular focus on networks and industrial development. New forms of university-industry relations are also categorized by the function that they are intended to fulfill:…

  20. Exploitation or Partnership?: An Alternative Approach to University-Industry Collaboration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elliott, Chris

    1995-01-01

    The Smith Institute, a collaboration between the universities of Oxford and Cambridge and Smith System Engineering, takes a different approach to industry-university relationships. It is based on these premises: academic excellence and industrial use are separate measures of project worth, industry is a patron not a customer, and intellectual…

  1. The University-Industry Gap and Its Effect on Research and Development in Developing Countries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zaky, A. A.; El-Faham, M. M.

    In both developed and developing countries a gap exists between universities and industry. In developed and industrialized countries universities are in the process of forsaking their ivory towers and forging strong links with industry, mainly through sponsored research and continuing education. In developing countries the gap is very wide indeed.

  2. The Effects of University-Industry Relationships and Academic Research on Scientific Performance: Synergy or Substitution?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manjarres-Henriquez, Liney; Gutierrez-Gracia, Antonio; Carrion-Garcia, Andres; Vega-Jurado, Jaider

    2009-01-01

    This paper evaluates whether university-industry relationships (UIR) and academic research activities have complementary effects on the scientific production of university lecturers. The analysis is based on a case study of two Spanish universities. We find that the effects of R&D contracts with industry, and academic research activity on

  3. University-Industry Relationships in Colleges of Agriculture and Life Sciences: The Role of Women Faculty

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crowe, Jessica A.; Goldberger, Jessica R.

    2009-01-01

    An increasing amount of research has been dedicated to studying university-industry relationships (UIRs). Researchers have studied the impacts of UIRs on the integrity of university research. However, while studies have examined the attitudes and actions of university administration and industry leaders with respect to UIRs, limited attention has…

  4. The Effects of University-Industry Relationships and Academic Research on Scientific Performance: Synergy or Substitution?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manjarres-Henriquez, Liney; Gutierrez-Gracia, Antonio; Carrion-Garcia, Andres; Vega-Jurado, Jaider

    2009-01-01

    This paper evaluates whether university-industry relationships (UIR) and academic research activities have complementary effects on the scientific production of university lecturers. The analysis is based on a case study of two Spanish universities. We find that the effects of R&D contracts with industry, and academic research activity on…

  5. Financial Report of Ontario Universities, 2001-02. Volume II: Affiliated and Federated Colleges and Universities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council of Ontario Universities, Toronto.

    This report contains detailed financial information that provides financial accountability to the Province of Ontario, Canada, for funds received by the 42 provincially assisted universities and colleges during the 2001-2002 fiscal year. It is the latest in an annual series that dates back more than 25 years. This volume contains information on 21…

  6. University Reform in the Federal Republic: The Experiment in Democratization at the Free University of Berlin

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Catudal, Honore M.

    1976-01-01

    Attempts to evaluate the state of reform at the Free University of Berlin. Proceeds by first reconstructing the background against which the FU developed and reforms were instituted. Analyzes the nature and scope of the reforms of the student revolt of the late 1960s, the growing movement for counter-reform in 1973, and the prospects for future…

  7. Building an Entrepreneurial University in Brazil: The Role and Potential of University-Industry Linkages in Promoting Regional Economic Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Amaral, Marcelo; Ferreira, Andre; Teodoro, Pitias

    2011-01-01

    This study is part of a broader research project, conducted by the Triple Helix Research Group--Brazil, focusing on university-industry-government linkages in the state of Rio de Janeiro. The case study reported here is that of the Regional University of Volta Redonda: the aim was to develop an understanding of how a regional university can be

  8. Building an Entrepreneurial University in Brazil: The Role and Potential of University-Industry Linkages in Promoting Regional Economic Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Amaral, Marcelo; Ferreira, Andre; Teodoro, Pitias

    2011-01-01

    This study is part of a broader research project, conducted by the Triple Helix Research Group--Brazil, focusing on university-industry-government linkages in the state of Rio de Janeiro. The case study reported here is that of the Regional University of Volta Redonda: the aim was to develop an understanding of how a regional university can be…

  9. Politics of corporate social control: the federal response to industrial water pollution

    SciTech Connect

    Yeager, P.C.

    1981-01-01

    In the annals of criminology and the sociology of law, the phenomenon of corporate illegalities has been seriously neglected. Moreover, the relatively few social scientific studies of illegal corporate behavior have often approached the subject from limited theoretical perspectives. These studies have generally overlooked a critical element in criminological understanding; the role of law and its administration in generating violation rates that may be said to be characteristic of the prevailing social structure. This dissertation develops an integrated theoretical approach to a type of corporate illegality, environmental pollution. In this approach, law is seen as integral to the understanding of crime, and both are situated within the broad socio-economic structure of the United States in the latter half of the 20th century. This research first reviews and analyzes the history of the federal government's efforts to control industrial water pollution, seeking to identify the social structural limits on regulatory activity. Statistical analyses of data on the federal processing of industrial pollution violations are then presented, with a view toward analyzing the correlates of both business behavior and the federal response. The analyses test a proposed model of industrial regulation, and provide important support for the perspective linking law and crime.

  10. Facilitating Oil Industry Access to Federal Lands through Interagency Data Sharing

    SciTech Connect

    Paul Jehn; Ben Grunewald

    2007-05-31

    Much of the environmental and technical data useful to the oil and gas industry and regulatory agencies is now contained in disparate state and federal databases. Delays in coordinating permit approvals between federal and state agencies translate into increased operational costs and stresses for the oil and gas industry. Making federal lease stipulation and area restriction data available on state agency Web sites will streamline a potential lessors review of available leases, encourage more active bidding on unleased federal lands, and give third-party operators independent access to data who otherwise may not have access to lease restrictions and other environmental data. As a requirement of the Energy Policy Conservation Act (EPCA), the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) is in the process of inventorying oil and natural gas resources beneath onshore federal lands and the extent and nature of any stipulation, restrictions, or impediments to the development of these resources. The EPCA Phase 1 Inventory resulted in a collection of GIS coverage files organized according to numerous lease stipulation reference codes. Meanwhile, state agencies also collect millions of data elements concerning oil and gas operations. Much of the oil and gas data nationwide is catalogued in the Ground Water Protection Council's (GWPC's) successfully completed Risk Based Data Management System (RBDMS). The GWPC and the states of Colorado, New Mexico, Utah, and Montana are implementing a pilot project where BLM lease stipulation data and RBDMS data will be displayed in a GIS format on the Internet. This increased access to data will increase bid activity, help expedite permitting, and encourage exploration on federal lands. Linking environmental, lease stipulation and resource inventory assessment data and making a GIS interface for the data available to industry and other agencies via the internet represents an important step in the GWPC strategy for all oil and gas regulatory e-commerce. The next step beyond mere data sharing for facilitating the permitting process is to make it possible for industry to file those permit applications electronically. This process will involve the use of common XML schemas.

  11. Federal legislative and regulatory incentives and disincentives for industrial waste reduction

    SciTech Connect

    Cordes, R.; Nixon, J.

    1991-10-01

    The Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT) within the US DOE has recently initiated the Industrial Waste Reduction Program, which is designed to reduce industrial energy use and pollution by reducing the amount of waste materials generated. The Program's primary focus is to develop and commercialize waste reduction technologies and practices in conjunction with industrial partners. OIT recognizes that adoption of these technologies is often inhibited by an assortment of institutional barriers that are unrelated to technical or economic performance. Therefore, OIT is examining selected barriers to industrial waste reduction to help identify and remove impediments to wider technology implementation. This report examines the incentives and disincentives to industrial waste reduction that are provided in an assortment of legislation and regulations. The intent is to shed light on how our environmental laws affect industry's implementation of waste reduction, what particular problems exist with current legislation/regulations, and what general options are available for correcting any deficiencies. Our study was confined strictly to federal legislation and regulations. During the course of the study, (March and May 1991), we examined 16 pieces of existing legislation and their attendant regulations plus 22 pieces of proposed legislation. In addition, the authors consulted representatives from industry and from the government agencies administering or sponsoring the legislation. The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) is by far the most comprehensive and dominant piece of legislation affecting solid waste disposal. This is because RCRA, which governs, the management of both nonhazardous and hazardous waste, places the most restrictive requirements on industry. Other important pieces of legislation that exert a direct influence on waste reduction per se include the Clean Air Act and the Pollution Prevention Act. 90 refs., 12 tabs.

  12. A review of the federal guidelines that inform and influence relationships between physicians and industry.

    PubMed

    Birkhahn, Robert H; Jauch, Edward; Kramer, David A; Nowak, Richard M; Raja, Ali S; Summers, Richard L; Weber, Jim Edward; Diercks, Deborah B

    2009-08-01

    The effective delivery and continued advancement of health care is critically dependent on the relationship between physicians and industry. The private sector accounts for 60% of the funding for clinical research and more than 50% of the funding sources for physician education. The nature of the physician-industry relationship and the role of the physician as a gatekeeper for health care make this association vulnerable to abuse if certain safeguards are not observed. This article will review the current federal guidelines that affect the physician-industry relationship and highlight several illustrative cases to show how the potential for abuse can subvert this relationship. The recommendations and "safe harbors" that have been designed to guide business relationships in health care are discussed. PMID:19594459

  13. Federal agencies active in chemical industry-related research and development

    SciTech Connect

    1995-09-29

    The Energy Policy Act of 1992 calls for a program to further the commercialization of renewable energy and energy efficient technologies for the industrial sector.. The primary objective of the Office of Industrial Technologies Chemical Industry Team is to work in partnership with the US chemical industry to maximize economic, energy, and environmental benefits through research and development of innovative technologies. This document was developed to inventory organizations within the federal government on current chemical industry-related research and development. While an amount of funding or number of projects specifically relating to chemical industry research and development was not defined in all organizations, identified were about 60 distinct organizations representing 7 cabinet-level departments and 4 independent agencies, with research efforts exceeding $3.5 billion in fiscal year 1995. Effort were found to range from less than $500 thousand per year at the Departments of Agriculture and the Interior to over $100 million per year at the Departments of Commerce, Defense, Energy, and Health and Human Services and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The total number of projects in these programs exceeded 10,000. This document is complete to the extent that agencies volunteered information. Additions, corrections, and changes are encouraged and will be incorporated in future revisions.

  14. Crossing Borders: Academic Refugee Women, Education and the British Federation of University Women during the Nazi Era

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohen, Susan

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores the educational experiences of a specific group of refugees, namely academic women refugees who were members of various branches of the International Federation of University Women, and who came to Britain under the auspices of the British Federation of University Women from 1933. As a result of voluntary or forced migration

  15. Crossing Borders: Academic Refugee Women, Education and the British Federation of University Women during the Nazi Era

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohen, Susan

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores the educational experiences of a specific group of refugees, namely academic women refugees who were members of various branches of the International Federation of University Women, and who came to Britain under the auspices of the British Federation of University Women from 1933. As a result of voluntary or forced migration…

  16. Texas A&M University Industrial Assessment Center Final Report

    SciTech Connect

    Heffington, Warren M.; Eggebrecht, James A.

    2007-02-24

    This project benefited the public by assisting manufacturing plants in the United States to save costly energy resources and become more profitable. Energy equivalent to over 75,000 barrels of oil was conserved. The Texas A&M University Industrial Assessment Center (IAC) visited 96 manufacturing plants and spent 101 days in those plants during the contract period from August 9, 2002, through November 30, 2006. Recommended annual energy savings for manufacturers were 37,400,000 kWh (127,600 MMBtu—site basis) of electricity and 309,000 MCF (309,000 MMBtu) of natural gas. Each manufacturer subsequently was surveyed, and based on these surveys reportedly implemented 79% of the electricity savings and 36% of the natural gas savings for an overall energy savings of 48% of recommended. Almost 800 (798) projects were recommended to manufacturers, and they accomplished two-thirds of the projects. Cost savings recommended were $12.3 million and implemented savings were $5.7 million or 47%. During the contract period our average time between site visit and report submittal averaged 46 days; and decreased from 48 days in 2003 to 44 days in 2006. Serving clients well and promptly has been a priority. We visited five ESA overflow clients during FY 06. The Texas A&M University IAC pioneered the presentation of air pollution information in reports, and includes NOx and CO2 reductions due to energy savings in all reports. We also experimented with formal PowerPoint BestPractices presentations called Lunchtime/Showtime in each plant and with delivering electronic versions of the report. During the period of the contract, the director served on the Texas Industries of the Future (IOF) Refining and Chemicals Committee, which oversaw the showcases in 2003 and 2006. The assistant director was the Executive Director of the International Energy Technology Conference held annually. The director and assistant director became qualified specialists in the Process Heating Assessment Scoping Tool and the Steam System Scoping Tool, respectively. Research was performed relating to energy conservation and IAC needs, resulting in a paper presented at the ACEEE meeting in 2005, and an internet software tool through the Texas IOF office.

  17. Teaching the courses of astronomy and concepts of modern natural science in Kazan Federal University

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nefedyev, Yu.; Zabbarova, R.; Kutlenkov, M.; Varaksina, N.; Churkin, K.

    There are varieties of advanced techniques of training in the courses in astronomy and concepts of the modern natural science in Kazan Federal University (KFU). It should be emphasized that the course of the modern natural science (COMNS) has a great part of astronomy. It was considered that astronomy is cosmic and distant. Chemistry, biology, physics are terrestrial and close. Nevertheless, astronomy is the most universal and connecting science. When we speak about the course in COMNS, we should remember that this course must be taught by astronomers or other science professors, because COMNS philosophy has nothing to do with science.

  18. Federalism, the economic-industrial health care complex and high-cost pharmaceutical assistance in Brazil.

    PubMed

    da Fonseca, Elize Massard; Costa, Nilson do Rosario

    2015-04-01

    Brazil has a relevant, although relatively unknown, special medicines programme that distributes high-cost products, such as drugs needed for cancer treatments. In 2009, the purchase of these medicines became the responsibility of the Brazilian Federal Government. Until then, there were no clear norms regarding the responsibilities, in terms of the management/financing of these medicines, of the Brazilian Federal Government and of the states themselves. This qualitative study analyses the policy process needed to transfer this programme to the central government. The study examines the reports of the Tripartite Commission between 2000 and 2012, and in-depth interviews with eleven key informants were conducted. The study demonstrates that throughout the last decade, institutional changes have been made in regard to the federal management of these programmes (such as recentralisation of the purchasing of medicines). It concludes that these changes can be explained because of the efficiency of the coordinating mechanisms of the Federal Government. These findings reinforce the idea that the Ministry of Health is the main driver of public health policies, and it has opted for the recentralisation of activities as a result of the development project implicit in the agenda of the Industrial and Economic Heal. PMID:25923627

  19. Exploring the Relationships between Higher Education and Industry. A Case Study of a University and the Local Tourism Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peacock, Nicola; Ladkin, Adele

    2002-01-01

    Responses from 44 of 200 British tourism enterprises identified barriers and benefits to the relationship between a university and the local tourism industry. Results showed low interaction, most of which was in the area of recruitment, and little use of university services to business. (Contains 32 references.) (JOW)

  20. [Prevalence of alcoholism in the profile of disability retirement among employees of a federal university].

    PubMed

    Brites, Riany Moura Rocha; Abreu, Angela Maria Mendes; Pinto, Jorge Eduardo da Silva Soares

    2014-01-01

    This study aimed to describe the causes of morbidity among servers retired for disability in a federal university; identify the socio-demographic and occupational profile of the retired for disability in general and for alcoholism; and make an association between these causes. This was a retrospective cross-sectional descriptive study; the population consisted of all servers retired for disability registered at the university. The total disability retirees was of 553 servers, especially in cases of retirement for psychiatric disorders (35.6%) as the leading cause of disability, and alcoholism led to the retirement of 9% of retirees. It was concluded that the highest percentage of disability retirement was composed of workers concentrated in the university hospital. PMID:25054698

  1. Drop-Out at the Distance University in the Federal Republic of Germany. AIR Forum 1982 Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bartels, Joern

    Student attrition at the Distance University in the Federal Republic of Germany was studied. The Distance University, which was founded in December 1974, offers the following departments: mathematics and computer sciences, electrical engineering, economics and law, and education and the social sciences. The university is directed toward people

  2. University-Industry Relationships in Dentistry: Past, Present, Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barnett, Michael L.

    2002-01-01

    Presents an overview of the evolution of academic-industry partnerships in dentistry and their value to each of the partners; discusses details to be considered by investigators seeking to work with industry; and reviews some of the issues and dilemmas that can arise from academic-industry interactions. (EV)

  3. University-Industry Collaboration, Knowledge Management and Enterprise Innovation Performance: An Empirical Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Jin; Wei, Shiyang

    2008-01-01

    This empirical study is concerned with university-industry collaboration from a knowledge management perspective. The authors introduce the concepts of "enterprise-level core elements" to define the principle status of an enterprise during university-industry collaboration, and "network embeddedness" as an indication of the closeness of the

  4. A New Technology Transfer Paradigm: How State Universities Can Collaborate with Industry in the USA

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Renault, Catherine S.; Cope, Jeff; Dix, Molly; Hersey, Karen

    2008-01-01

    In some US states, policy makers, pressed by local and regional industrial interests, are debating how to "reform" technology transfer at public universities. "Reform" in this context is generally understood to mean redirecting university technology transfer activities to increase the benefits of state-funded research to local industries.…

  5. The Role of Universities in the Entrepreneurship Industry: Promoting the Entrepreneurship Agenda in HEIs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGowan, Pauric; van der Sijde, Peter; Kirby, David

    2008-01-01

    It is becoming increasing clear that a new industry--the entrepreneurship industry--is in the ascendant and that universities are a part of this development. Furthermore, the idea of the entrepreneurial university has only recently entered the debate. Promoting the entrepreneurship agenda within constituencies where it is not traditionally…

  6. University-Industry Collaboration, Knowledge Management and Enterprise Innovation Performance: An Empirical Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Jin; Wei, Shiyang

    2008-01-01

    This empirical study is concerned with university-industry collaboration from a knowledge management perspective. The authors introduce the concepts of "enterprise-level core elements" to define the principle status of an enterprise during university-industry collaboration, and "network embeddedness" as an indication of the closeness of the…

  7. Developing Competency Based Content in Business, Industry and Education. Summary Report, University Forum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wright, Larry, Ed.

    Summarized are presentations made at the University Forum on Competency Based Content in Business, Industry, and Education, planned by the School of Industry and Technology Program Directors of the University of Wisconsin-Stout. The following topics about competency based content are among subjects reported: what competency based content is; who…

  8. Indicators of University-Industry Knowledge Transfer Performance and Their Implications for Universities: Evidence from the United Kingdom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rossi, Federica; Rosli, Ainurul

    2015-01-01

    The issue of what indicators are most appropriate in order to measure the performance of universities in knowledge transfer (KT) activities remains relatively under-investigated. The main aim of this paper is to identify and discuss the limitations to the current measurements of university-industry KT performance, and propose some directions for…

  9. Managing Relations with Industry: The Case of Brazilian Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lahorgue, Maria Alice

    2005-01-01

    For a long time, university-business relations were a matter of individual, informal and intermittent contacts. Once the innovation process picked up speed, businesses began asking more from universities (longer-term co-operative research, for example), and governments placed university-business interaction at the centre of their innovation…

  10. Accelerating technology transfer from federal laboratories to the private sector by industrial R and D collaborations - A new business model

    SciTech Connect

    LOMBANA,CESAR A.; ROMIG JR.,ALTON D.; LINTON,JONATHAN D.; MARTINEZ,J. LEONARD

    2000-04-13

    Many important products and technologies were developed in federal laboratories and were driven initially by national needs and for federal applications. For example, the clean room technology that enhanced the growth of the semiconductor industry was developed at Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) decades ago. Similarly, advances in micro-electro-mechanical-systems (MEMS)--an important set of process technologies vital for product miniaturization--are occurring at SNL. Each of the more than 500 federal laboratories in the US, are sources of R and D that contributes to America's economic vitality, productivity growth and, technological innovation. However, only a fraction of the science and technology available at the federal laboratories is being utilized by industry. Also, federal laboratories have not been applying all the business development processes necessary to work effectively with industry in technology commercialization. This paper addresses important factors that federal laboratories, federal agencies, and industry must address to translate these under utilized technologies into profitable products in the industrial sector.

  11. 78 FR 45930 - Guidance for Industry: Safety Labeling Changes-Implementation of Section 505(o)(4) of the Federal...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-30

    ... Register of April 13, 2011 (76 FR 20686), FDA announced the availability of a draft guidance for industry...--Implementation of Section 505(o)(4) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act; Availability AGENCY: Food and... new provisions to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the FD&C Act) authorizing FDA to...

  12. Argonne National Laboratory study of the transfer of federal computational technology to manufacturing industry in the State of Michigan

    SciTech Connect

    Mueller, C.J.

    1991-11-01

    This report describes a pilot study to develop, initiate the implementation, and document a process to identify computational technology capabilities resident within Argonne National Laboratory to small and medium-sized businesses in the State of Michigan. It is a derivative of a program entitled Technology Applications Development Process for the State of Michigan'' undertaken by the Industrial Technology Institute and MERRA under funding from the National Institute of Standards and Technology. The overall objective of the latter program is to develop procedures which can facilitate the discovery and commercialization of new technologies for the benefit of small and medium-size manufacturing firms. Federal laboratories such as Argonne, along with universities, have been identified by the Industrial Technology Institute as key sources of technology which can be profitably commercialized by the target firms. The scope of this study limited the investigation of technology areas for technology transfer to that of computational science and engineering featuring high performance computing. This area was chosen as the broad technological capability within Argonne to investigate for technology transfer to Michigan firms for several reasons. First, and most importantly, as a multidisciplinary laboratory, Argonne has the full range of scientific and engineering skills needed to utilize leading-edge computing capabilities in many areas of manufacturing.

  13. Argonne National Laboratory study of the transfer of federal computational technology to manufacturing industry in the State of Michigan

    SciTech Connect

    Mueller, C.J.

    1991-11-01

    This report describes a pilot study to develop, initiate the implementation, and document a process to identify computational technology capabilities resident within Argonne National Laboratory to small and medium-sized businesses in the State of Michigan. It is a derivative of a program entitled ``Technology Applications Development Process for the State of Michigan`` undertaken by the Industrial Technology Institute and MERRA under funding from the National Institute of Standards and Technology. The overall objective of the latter program is to develop procedures which can facilitate the discovery and commercialization of new technologies for the benefit of small and medium-size manufacturing firms. Federal laboratories such as Argonne, along with universities, have been identified by the Industrial Technology Institute as key sources of technology which can be profitably commercialized by the target firms. The scope of this study limited the investigation of technology areas for technology transfer to that of computational science and engineering featuring high performance computing. This area was chosen as the broad technological capability within Argonne to investigate for technology transfer to Michigan firms for several reasons. First, and most importantly, as a multidisciplinary laboratory, Argonne has the full range of scientific and engineering skills needed to utilize leading-edge computing capabilities in many areas of manufacturing.

  14. The NEPA mandate and federal regulation of the natural gas industry. [NEPA (National Environmental Policy Act)

    SciTech Connect

    Hoecker, J.J.

    1992-01-01

    Utility regulators increasingly take responsibility for the [open quotes]extemalities[close quotes] associated with their decisions, meaning the economic and social costs related to rate decisions or other kinds of authorizations. Yet, when Congress adopted the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA), it intervened to ensure protection of the natural environment, not from abuses by the citizenry but from the activities of the federal government itself. Comprised of action forcing procedures, NEPA was designed to infuse the decisional processes of federal agencies with a broad awareness of the environmental consequences of their actions. NEPA encourages decisionmakers to counterbalance the organic statutory and political missions of their departments or agencies with a sensitivity to the ecological consequences of their directives and authorizations. This paper examines how the requirements of NEPA have fared in the environment of classical public utility regulation at the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. Commission proceedings did not evidence any widely held opinion that economic regulation of the gas industry is hostile to the NEPA process.

  15. The Origin and Management of a State/Industry/University Research Center.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Loper, Gerald D.; Sudermann, Frederick

    1998-01-01

    Describes the origins and first two years of a focused collaborative project involving Wichita State University (Kansas), the aviation industry, and state economic-development organizations. The center is industry-driven and reflects the industry's current technological needs. The arrangement can offer significant advantages to each stakeholder,…

  16. A Simulation-Based LED Design Project in Photonics Instruction Based on Industry-University Collaboration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chang, S. -H.; Chen, M. -L.; Kuo, Y. -K.; Shen, Y. -C.

    2011-01-01

    In response to the growing industrial demand for light-emitting diode (LED) design professionals, based on industry-university collaboration in Taiwan, this paper develops a novel instructional approach: a simulation-based learning course with peer assessment to develop students' professional skills in LED design as required by industry as well as…

  17. Educational Opportunities Based on the University-Industry Synergies in an Open Innovation Framework

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lucia, Oscar; Burdio, Jose M.; Acero, Jesus; Barragan, Luis A.; Garcia, Jose R.

    2012-01-01

    Collaboration between Industry and University is becoming more important in order to improve the competitiveness of the research and development activities. Moreover, establishing synergies to bridge the gap between the academic and industrial spheres has demonstrated to be advantageous for both of them. Nowadays, Industry is moving towards an…

  18. A Simulation-Based LED Design Project in Photonics Instruction Based on Industry-University Collaboration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chang, S. -H.; Chen, M. -L.; Kuo, Y. -K.; Shen, Y. -C.

    2011-01-01

    In response to the growing industrial demand for light-emitting diode (LED) design professionals, based on industry-university collaboration in Taiwan, this paper develops a novel instructional approach: a simulation-based learning course with peer assessment to develop students' professional skills in LED design as required by industry as well as

  19. 76 FR 14949 - Defense Acquisition University Industry Day: “Better Buying Power” Initiatives

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-18

    ... of the Secretary Defense Acquisition University Industry Day: ``Better Buying Power'' Initiatives AGENCY: Defense Acquisition University, DoD. ACTION: Event notice. SUMMARY: Mrs. Katrina McFarland, President, Defense Acquisition University (DAU), will host a forum to discuss implementation of...

  20. When a University Opens Itself to Diversity: A Brief Report on the Intercultural Formation Course for Indigenous Teachers, from the Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Brazil

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lobo de Rezende, Luisa Andrade

    2009-01-01

    The Federal University of Minas Gerais (Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais-UFMG), located in the city of Belo Horizonte in Brazil, has been a committed partner of indigenous communities since 1996. This partnership began with the creation of spaces intended to elaborate and transform the traditional wisdom of these communities in favour of their…

  1. Universities at the Crossroads: Industry or Society Driven?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nathan, Robert Jeyakumar; Siang, Terence Tan Gek; Shawkataly, Omar

    2013-01-01

    Higher education is viewed as part of the national agenda in transforming Malaysia into a high-income nation. This has resulted in a sky-rocketing number of graduates in Malaysia's recent history. Industry relies on higher education as the source of skilled employees, and it is important for industry to attract and retain talented employees…

  2. The Post-Industrial University: New Structures for New Missions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lynton, Ernest A.

    New and continuing missions for the modern university are discussed. "Multiuniversities" are viewed as institutions with multiple purposes that have retained the basic university organization. The main response of multiuniversities to demands for cross-disciplinary activities has been the creation of relatively small centers and institutes each…

  3. Federacion de Universidades Privadas de America Central y Panama: Boletin Estadistico (Federation of Private Universities of Central America and Panama: Statistical Bulletin).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Serrano, Jorge A.

    This statistical bulletin provides details on the universities belonging to the Federation of Private Universities of Central America and Panama (FUPAC): Central American University, Rafael Landivar University, Saint John's College, University of Santa Maria La Antigua, Jose Simeon Canas University, Doctor Mariano Galvez University, and the…

  4. Federal Support to Universities, Colleges, and Selected Nonprofit Institutions, Fiscal Year 1982. Final Report to the President and Congress.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bennof, Richard J.

    Data on fiscal year 1982 federal support to U.S. institutions of higher education are presented, along with a condensed narrative analysis. The 15 federal agencies represented account for an estimated 95 percent of total obligations to colleges and universities and virtually all support for science and engineering (S/E) research and development…

  5. Federal Science and Engineering Support to Universities, Colleges, and Nonprofit Institutions: Fiscal Year 1998. Detailed Statistical Tables.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA. Div. of Science Resources Studies.

    This document reports the statistical data of Federal Science and Engineering Support to Universities, Colleges, and Nonprofit Institutions for Fiscal Year 1998, in accordance with the National Science Foundation (NSF) Act of 1950. The data presented in these tables cover all categories of direct federal science and engineering (S&E) support to…

  6. The Costs of Implementing Federally Mandated Social Programs at Colleges and Universities. Policy Analysis Service Special Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Alstyne, Carol; Coldren, Sharon L.

    Federally mandated social programs that apply to colleges and universities because they are treated as business entities are covered in this report. These programs have contributed to the continually increasing operating costs of colleges and universities over the last decade. This study aims at providing quantified examples of these cost…

  7. 76 FR 38040 - Lifeline and Link Up Reform and Modernization, Federal-State Joint Board on Universal Service...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-29

    ... adopted the first three tiers of Lifeline support in the Universal Service First Report and Order, 62 FR... Link Up NPRM, 76 FR 16482, March 23, 2011, the Commission underscored its commitment to eliminating...] Lifeline and Link Up Reform and Modernization, Federal-State Joint Board on Universal Service, Lifeline...

  8. Final Technical Report for University of Michigan Industrial Assessment Center

    SciTech Connect

    Atreya, Arvind

    2007-04-17

    The UM Industrial Assessment Center assisted 119 primary metals, automotive parts, metal casting, chemicals, forest products, agricultural, and glass manufacturers in Michigan, Ohio and Indiana to become more productive and profitable by identifying and recommending specific measures to improve energy efficiency, reduce waste and increase productivity. This directly benefits the environment by saving a total of 309,194 MMBtu of energy resulting in reduction of 0.004 metric tons of carbon emissions. The $4,618,740 implemented cost savings generated also saves jobs that are evaporating from the manufacturing industries in the US. Most importantly, the UM Industrial Assessment Center provided extremely valuable energy education to forty one UM graduate and undergraduate students. The practical experience complements their classroom education. This also has a large multiplier effect because the students take the knowledge and training with them.

  9. Promoting the Success of US Industry/University Research Centres. The Role of Leadership.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tornatzky, Louis; Lovelace, Kay; Gray, Denis O.; Walters, S. George; Geisler, Eliezer

    1999-01-01

    Leadership in industry-university research centers often involves helping constituencies with conflicting priorities deal with challenges, necessitating a participatory leadership style. Other challenges include exercising intrapreneurship, creating a compelling technical vision, and spanning organizational boundaries. (SK)

  10. A Look into the Crystal Ball: Industry-University Partnerships in = CY 2007

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Anderson, James E.

    1997-03-01

    This presentation responds to the 1996 Council-on-Competitiveness = Report, Endless Frontier, Limited Resources, whose principal = recommendation was for increased R&D partnering among industry, = university and national laboratories. The central unanswered question: = What should cross-organizational R&D partnering look like (say) in = CY2007, long after CY1997 discussions of industrial laboratory = downsizing, of flat university budgets, and of national laboratory = redirection have become blurred memories? It is suggested that future = partnerships will differ substantially from those we have today. In = particular, three global factors should govern 2007 partnerships: (a) = internationalization of industrial and academic technology; (b) advanced = telecommunications; and (c) size (total numbers) of the international = technical workforce. This presentation will examine future = industry-university partnerships from the perspective of the = multinational automotive industry.

  11. University-Industry Cooperation: Preferences and Interests and Small- and Medium-Sized Firms in the Amsterdam Region, The Netherlands.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schnek, Peter; Tordoir, Pieter

    1984-01-01

    Results of a survey of Amsterdam-area industries concerning university-industry cooperation and technology transfer are reported. Industries prefer R&D and consulting and indicate great interest in what the universities can offer in such relationships. However, they feel universities should initiate contact. Further cooperative strategies are

  12. 77 FR 46684 - In the Matter of: Universal Industries Limited, Inc., 3050 SW 14th Place Unit 3, Boynton Beach...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-06

    ... by successive Presidential Notices, the most recent being that of August 12, 2011 (76 FR 50661... Bureau of Industry and Security In the Matter of: Universal Industries Limited, Inc., 3050 SW 14th Place.... District Court, Southern District of Florida, Universal Industries Limited, Inc. (``Universal'')...

  13. Evaluating University-Industry Collaboration: The European Foundation of Quality Management Excellence Model-Based Evaluation of University-Industry Collaboration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kauppila, Osmo; Mursula, Anu; Harkonen, Janne; Kujala, Jaakko

    2015-01-01

    The growth in university-industry collaboration has resulted in an increasing demand for methods to evaluate it. This paper presents one way to evaluate an organization's collaborative activities based on the European Foundation of Quality Management excellence model. Success factors of collaboration are derived from literature and compared…

  14. Evaluating University-Industry Collaboration: The European Foundation of Quality Management Excellence Model-Based Evaluation of University-Industry Collaboration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kauppila, Osmo; Mursula, Anu; Harkonen, Janne; Kujala, Jaakko

    2015-01-01

    The growth in university-industry collaboration has resulted in an increasing demand for methods to evaluate it. This paper presents one way to evaluate an organization's collaborative activities based on the European Foundation of Quality Management excellence model. Success factors of collaboration are derived from literature and compared

  15. Problems and Countermeasures of Zhejiang High-Tech Enterprises Industry-University-Institute Cooperation in China

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhou, Qing; Mao, Chong-Feng; Hou, Lin

    Industry-university-institute cooperation is an important means to accelerate technical development and achievements for high-tech enterprises. Considering that Zhejiang high-tech enterprises existed some problems which included low cooperative level, single distribution, weak secondary R&D ability, obvious risk and so on, government should play an guiding role on improving information service system, enhancing cooperative level, promoting scientific intermediary service organization system construction, and building better environment for Industry-university-institute cooperation.

  16. Predominant learning styles among pharmacy students at the Federal University of Paraná, Brazil

    PubMed Central

    Czepula, Alexandra I.; Bottacin, Wallace E.; Hipólito, Edson; Baptista, Deise R.; Pontarolo, Roberto; Correr, Cassyano J.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Learning styles are cognitive, emotional, and physiological traits, as well as indicators of how learners perceive, interact, and respond to their learning environments. According to Honey-Mumford, learning styles are classified as active, reflexive, theoretical, and pragmatic. Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify the predominant learning styles among pharmacy students at the Federal University of Paraná, Brazil. Methods: An observational, cross-sectional, and descriptive study was conducted using the Honey-Alonso Learning Style Questionnaire. Students in the Bachelor of Pharmacy program were invited to participate in this study. The questionnaire comprised 80 randomized questions, 20 for each of the four learning styles. The maximum possible score was 20 points for each learning style, and cumulative scores indicated the predominant learning styles among the participants. Honey-Mumford (1986) proposed five preference levels for each style (very low, low, moderate, high, and very high), called a general interpretation scale, to avoid student identification with one learning style and ignoring the characteristics of the other styles. Statistical analysis was performed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20.0. Results: This study included 297 students (70% of all pharmacy students at the time) with a median age of 21 years old. Women comprised 77.1% of participants. The predominant style among pharmacy students at the Federal University of Paraná was the pragmatist, with a median of 14 (high preference). The pragmatist style prevails in people who are able to discover techniques related to their daily learning because such people are curious to discover new strategies and attempt to verify whether the strategies are efficient and valid. Because these people are direct and objective in their actions, pragmatists prefer to focus on practical issues that are validated and on problem situations. There was no statistically significant difference between genders with regard to learning styles. Conclusion: The pragmatist style is the prevailing style among pharmacy students at the Federal University of Paraná. Although students may have a learning preference that preference is not the only manner in which students can learn, neither their preference is the only manner in which students can be taught. Awareness of students’ learning styles can be used to adapt the methodology used by teachers to render the teaching-learning process effective and long lasting. The content taught to students should be presented in different manners because varying teaching methods can develop learning skills in students. PMID:27011774

  17. SRC: A Model of Industry-University Cooperation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavin, Ralph K., III; Phillips, D. Howard

    1988-01-01

    Describes the Semiconductor Research Corporation (SRC), a non-profit research cooperative designed to conduct research in the field of integrated circuits, principally in U.S. universities, with membership restricted to U.S.-owned companies. Analyzes SRC's impact on the U.S. educational system. (TW)

  18. University-Industry Joint Program in Energy Management Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kolat, Pavel; Noskievic, Pavel; Novacek, Alexej

    This paper discusses the importance of energy and its association with the modern economy. Presently, 40% of Europe's electricity needs are based on coal. Preparing a clean energy technology requires improvements in conventional steam cycle technology. Education plays an important role in energy use, and universities need to organize education…

  19. Regional Transformation Processes through the Universities-Institutions-Industry Relationship

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cassia, Lucio; Colombelli, Alessandra; Paleari, Stefano

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is, first, to highlight the role of the relationships between universities, institutions and firms in different regional development processes working towards a knowledge economy, and, second, to draw some implications for local policy makers. Adopting the regional innovation system (RIS) approach, the authors analyse …

  20. Government and Education: The University as a Regulated Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gellhorn, Ernest; Boyer, Barry B.

    1977-01-01

    Issues in institutional autonomy and government regulation are addressed: discretion of university administrators to exert control; openness, confidentiality, and controls over information; and regulations, reports, and government sanctions. Available from William S. Hein and Co., 1285 Main St., Buffalo, NY 14209. (MSE)

  1. What Do Universities Really Owe Industry? The Case of Solid State Electronics at Stanford

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lecuyer, Christophe

    2005-01-01

    It is widely argued that, in the United States, the Department of Defense dictated the intellectual contours of academic science and engineering during the Cold War. However, in important ways, American science was also deeply influenced by industry. Between 1955 and 1985, Stanford University embraced three waves of industrial innovation in solid…

  2. Ohio Resource Network: Mobilizing Colleges and Universities to Benefit Business & Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio Board of Regents, Columbus.

    The Ohio Resource Network's potential usefulness to Ohio's businesses and industries are discussed. The network provides Ohio executives and managers the resources of 62 state-assisted colleges and universities. Faculty can assist business/industry in five types of applications: using the latest technology, increasing productivity, financial…

  3. Changing Relations between Universities and Research Policy and Industry: Catalyst or Deterrent to Unity of Europe?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wasser, Henry

    European institutions of higher education must let changing economic conditions play a bigger role in their decisions about what research to emphasize. As costs escalate, constraints on government spending force a shift of funding priorities toward research of more strategic value to industry. There are many ways that universities and industry

  4. What Do Universities Really Owe Industry? The Case of Solid State Electronics at Stanford

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lecuyer, Christophe

    2005-01-01

    It is widely argued that, in the United States, the Department of Defense dictated the intellectual contours of academic science and engineering during the Cold War. However, in important ways, American science was also deeply influenced by industry. Between 1955 and 1985, Stanford University embraced three waves of industrial innovation in solid

  5. New Paradigms in International University/Industry/Government Cooperation. Canada-China Collaboration in Advanced Manufacturing Technologies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bulgak, Akif Asil; Liquan, He

    1996-01-01

    A Chinese university and a Canadian university collaborated on an advanced manufacturing technologies project designed to address human resource development needs in China. The project featured university/industry/government partnership and attention to environmental issues. (SK)

  6. The Role of Universities in Making Industrial Districts More Dynamic. A Case Study in Spain

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Capo-Vicedo, Josep; Molina-Morales, F. Xavier; Capo, Jordi

    2013-01-01

    Through this research we aim to contribute to the debate on the role of universities in industrial districts in the context of the new competitive panorama that they are facing. With this objective in mind, we have carried out a study based on a university located within a Spanish textile district, using Social Network Analysis techniques. Of…

  7. University-Industry Partnerships: Meeting the Challenge with a High-Tech Partner.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nimtz, Lynn E.; And Others

    1996-01-01

    Cultural and organizational issues arising in university-industry partnerships are explored, outlining benefits and risks to both parties. A short-term partnership between Southern Illinois University and the high-tech Hewlett Packard Company is examined, including its origins, the nature of the contract, communication between cultures, time…

  8. Translating University-Industry Relations: The Development of a Knowledge Link in Portugal

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graca, Manuel

    2005-01-01

    INESC was created in 1980 in Portugal to link universities with industry. Starting within a university as the initiative of three young academics, the organization soon became a pivotal player in the modernization of the country through the development of applied research in science and technology to enhance the competitiveness of Portuguese…

  9. False Images but a New Promise in Universities' Contribution to Industrial and Technological Advance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shattock, M. L.

    1987-01-01

    The major contributions of university science in the two World Wars, the funding declines in inter- and post-war periods, and government and industry policies are cited as evidence that the educational system alone has not been responsible for technological decline. They are contrasted with U.S. policies and practices in university research. (MSE)

  10. A Young University in India Focuses on Real-World Industry and Sustainability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neelakantan, Shailaja

    2009-01-01

    A small, relatively new Indian university is making a name for itself--nationally and internationally--in the rapidly growing field of sustainable development. TERI University, the creation of one of India's leading environmentalists, has won praise from industry executives and academics alike. They say the institution is tackling some of the

  11. A Young University in India Focuses on Real-World Industry and Sustainability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neelakantan, Shailaja

    2009-01-01

    A small, relatively new Indian university is making a name for itself--nationally and internationally--in the rapidly growing field of sustainable development. TERI University, the creation of one of India's leading environmentalists, has won praise from industry executives and academics alike. They say the institution is tackling some of the…

  12. A Survey of Career Guidance Needs of Industrial Design Students in Taiwanese Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yang, Ming-Ying; You, Manlai

    2010-01-01

    School pupils in Taiwan spend most of their time in studying and having examinations, and consequently many of them decide what major to study in universities rather hastily. Industrial design (ID) programs in universities nowadays recruit students from general and vocational senior high schools through a variety of channels. As a consequence, ID…

  13. Design, Implementation, and Evaluation of a University-Industry Multimedia Presentation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Craig L.

    1998-01-01

    The purpose of the project described in this article was the development, evaluation, and implementation of an interactive multimedia CD-ROM instructional package used to train steelworkers in the basic concepts of hydraulic fluid power. The project was a university/industry partnership between Purdue University and the Burns Harbor Division of…

  14. Design, Implementation, and Evaluation of a University-Industry Multimedia Presentation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Craig L.

    1998-01-01

    The purpose of the project described in this article was the development, evaluation, and implementation of an interactive multimedia CD-ROM instructional package used to train steelworkers in the basic concepts of hydraulic fluid power. The project was a university/industry partnership between Purdue University and the Burns Harbor Division of

  15. The art of improvisation: the working process of administrators at a Federal University Hospital.

    PubMed

    Littike, Denilda; Sodré, Francis

    2015-10-01

    The scope of this article is to analyze the working process of administrators at a Federal University Hospital (HUF). It includes research with a qualitative approach conducted through interviews with twelve administrators. The work process, the work tools and the human activity per se are understood to be under scrutiny. Work is acknowledged as a category that analyzes the management methods used by professional health workers. The HUFs are responsible for two social policies, namely education and health. The aim of the administrators' work is an organizational issue, and the administration tools used are bureaucratic and out-of-date for the current political context of hospital management. The most significant feature of this hospital administration is improvisation, which reduces the potential of the administrators in such a way that, instead of introducing innovative changes into their work process, they prefer to leave their jobs. Improvisation is caused by the production of sequential obstacles in management decision-making at this teaching hospital. In short, the transfer of administration at the HUF, from direct government administration by the University to the Brazilian Company of Hospital Services (EBSERH), was analyzed on the grounds that this would establish a "new" management model. PMID:26465848

  16. Institutions’ Expectations for Researchers’ Self-Funding, Federal Grant Holding and Private Industry Involvement: Manifold Drivers of Self-Interest and Researcher Behavior

    PubMed Central

    Martinson, Brian C.; Crain, A. Lauren; Anderson, Melissa S.; De Vries, Raymond

    2011-01-01

    Background Private industry involvement is viewed as tainting research with self-interest, whereas public funding is generally well-regarded. Yet, dependence on “soft money” also triggers researcher and university self-interest. No empirical research has compared these factors’ effects on academic researchers’ behaviors. Methods In 2006–2007, a survey was mailed to 5,000 randomly selected biomedical and social science faculty at 50 top-tier research universities in the United States. Measures included a university’s expectations or nonexpectations that researchers obtain external grant funding, the receipt or nonreceipt of public research funding, any relationships with private industry, and research-related behaviors ranging from the ideal, to the questionable, to misconduct. Results Being expected to obtain external funding and receiving federal research funding were both associated with significantly higher reports of 1 or more of 10 serious misbehaviors (P < .05) and neglectful or careless behaviors (P < .001). Researchers with federal funding were more likely than were those without to report having carelessly or inappropriately reviewed papers or proposals (9.6% vs. 3.9%; P < .001). Those with private industry involvement were more likely than were those without to report 1 or more of 10 serious misbehaviors (28.5% vs. 21.5%; P = .005) and to have engaged in misconduct (12.2% vs. 7.1%; P = .004); they also were less likely to have always reported financial conflicts (96.0% vs. 98.6%, P < .001). Conclusions The free play of university and individual self-interests, combined with and contributing to the intense competition for research funding, may be undermining scientific integrity. PMID:19858802

  17. European Federation of Statisticians in the Pharmaceutical Industry's position on access to clinical trial data.

    PubMed

    Fletcher, Christine; Driessen, Stefan; Burger, Hans Ulrich; Gerlinger, Christoph; Biesheuvel, Egbert

    2013-01-01

    The European Federation of Statisticians in the Pharmaceutical Industry (EFSPI) believes access to clinical trial data should be implemented in a way that supports good research, avoids misuse of such data, lies within the scope of the original informed consent and fully protects patient confidentiality. In principle, EFSPI supports responsible data sharing. EFSPI acknowledges it is in the interest of patients that their data are handled in a strictly confidential manner to avoid misuse under all possible circumstances. It is also in the interest of the altruistic nature of patients participating in trials that such data will be used for further development of science as much as possible applying good statistical principles. This paper summarises EFSPI's position on access to clinical trial data. The position was developed during the European Medicines Agency (EMA) advisory process and before the draft EMA policy on publication and access to clinical trial data was released for consultation; however, the EFSPI's position remains unchanged following the release of the draft policy. Finally, EFSPI supports a need for further guidance to be provided on important technical aspects relating to re-analyses and additional analyses of clinical trial data, for example, multiplicity, meta-analysis, subgroup analyses and publication bias. PMID:24136872

  18. R&D in the Federal Budget: R&D, Industry, & the Economy. Colloquium Proceedings, June 20-21, 1978.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phillips, Don I., Ed.; And Others

    Included in this report on the third conference on federal research and development (R&D) budgeting are the texts of the prepared presentations and summaries of the discussions that followed. Opinions and recommendations are presented on topics such as the level and focus of R&D in industry, the rate of innovation in the United States, the U.S.

  19. Universal Industrial Solution and Industrial Sectors Module for Pulp and Paper Sector

    EPA Science Inventory

    Increased concerns over air pollution and its detrimental effects on health have called for more stringent emission reduction strategies in the industrial sector. However, stringent regulatory policies can potentially adversely affect domestic and international trade. Therefore E...

  20. University-Industry Relations in Bolivia: Implications for University Transformations in Latin America

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vega-Jurado, Jaider; Fernandez-de-Lucio, Ignacio; Huanca, Ronald

    2008-01-01

    This article examines the implications of how academics respond to the debate on the production of knowledge and its transfer to the productive sector, for the transformation of Latin American universities. The empirical analysis is based on a survey of 349 lecturers from Bolivian public universities, which inquired into aspects of…

  1. Trends in Technology Transfer at Universities. Report of the Clearinghouse on University-Industry Relations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of American Universities, Washington, DC.

    Trends in university technology transfer activities and the commercialization of research results are discussed, based on a 1985 survey. Responses revealed widespread changes in internal patent and licensing activities and increased disclosure of inventions by faculty to the university. Factors contributing to this trend include: changes in…

  2. Trends in Technology Transfer at Universities. Report of the Clearinghouse on University-Industry Relations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of American Universities, Washington, DC.

    Trends in university technology transfer activities and the commercialization of research results are discussed, based on a 1985 survey. Responses revealed widespread changes in internal patent and licensing activities and increased disclosure of inventions by faculty to the university. Factors contributing to this trend include: changes in

  3. White House Initiative on Historically Black Colleges and Universities. Annual Federal Performance Report on Executive Agency Actions to Assist Historically Black Colleges and Universities for Fiscal Year 1984.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of Postsecondary Education (ED), Washington, DC.

    The fiscal year (FY) 1984 annual report on executive agency actions to assist historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) is presented by the Secretary of Education in accordance with Executive Order 12320. The report is a compilation and comparison of actual dollar amounts obligated by the 27 designated federal agencies to the nation's…

  4. University-Industry Partnerships: Implications for Industrial Training, Opportunities for New Knowledge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garrick, John; Chan, Andrew; Lai, John

    2004-01-01

    In this paper it is argued that universities have lost their monopoly on the production and legitimation of knowledge. That workplaces are now sites of "valid" knowledge is a given. The information age affects many aspects of working life and we are now subject to highly automated and computerised systems and networks. This poses a range of…

  5. Frequency of headache in the medical students of Santa Catarina's Federal University.

    PubMed

    da Costa, M Z; Soares, C B; Heinisch, L M; Heinisch, R H

    2000-10-01

    Studies in well-defined populations are useful in identifying factors that influence frequency and severity of headache and in understanding its impact on people. The aims of this study were to determine the frequency of headache in the medical students of Santa Catarina's Federal University, examine associated factors, verify the diagnostic impressions of the different types of headache, and describe the self-medication level. This study included 408 medical students who were interviewed by a questionnaire from October 1997 to August 1998. The frequency of headache in this group was 33%, with women and students in the five last semesters of the medical course experiencing increased headache frequency. The diagnostic impressions of the different types of headache were migraine without aura (31.3%), migraine with aura (8.2%), episodic tension-type headache (32.1%), chronic tension-type headache (7.5%), and tension-type headache combined with migraine without aura (3%). Self-medication was reported by 51.8% of the medical students with headache; 34.4% used prescribed medications. The most common self-help techniques used by students during a headache were to lie down or isolate themselves from their surroundings. PMID:11091293

  6. Does Federal Financial Aid Policy Influence the Institutional Aid Policies of Four-Year Colleges and Universities? An Exploratory Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hossler, Don; Kwon, Jihye

    2015-01-01

    There is a dearth of empirical work that examines the relationships between federal financial aid policy and institutional financial aid priorities and expenditures. This study uses Resource Dependency Theory to explore whether changes the amount of financial aid awarded by colleges and universities during the last fifty years are best explained…

  7. Students' Satisfaction with Service Delivery in Federal Universities in South-South Geo-Political Zone, Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akpoiroro, Roseline M.; Okon, James E.

    2015-01-01

    The study was designed to investigate the level of students' satisfaction with service delivery in federal universities in South-south geopolitical zone of Nigeria in terms of educational, library, security, medical, transport, hostel, and ICT services. Survey design was used to carry out the study, the hypothesis was formulated and literature…

  8. Does Federal Financial Aid Policy Influence the Institutional Aid Policies of Four-Year Colleges and Universities? An Exploratory Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hossler, Don; Kwon, Jihye

    2015-01-01

    There is a dearth of empirical work that examines the relationships between federal financial aid policy and institutional financial aid priorities and expenditures. This study uses Resource Dependency Theory to explore whether changes the amount of financial aid awarded by colleges and universities during the last fifty years are best explained

  9. Proposed Agreement Between the Hawaii Federation of College Teachers and the University of Hawaii 1973-1976.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawaii Univ., Honolulu.

    The proposed agreement between the Hawaii Federation of College Teachers and the University of Hawaii covers the period 1973-76. Articles of the agreement cover recognition definitions; saving clause; entirety, modification and conflict; consultation; management rights; academic freedom; employment status; grievance procedure; health and safety;…

  10. Dynamics of Internet Usage: A Case of Students of the Federal University of Technology Owerri (FUTO) Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anunobi, Chinwe V.

    2006-01-01

    The survey was conducted in the Federal University of Technology Owerri (FUTO), Nigeria with a view to identifying the rate and purpose of Internet use by students in other to be well positioned to provide effective Internet services to them. Questionnaire was randomly distributed to 1200 students in their hostels out of which 67.66% was returned.…

  11. Agro-Students' Appraisal of Online Registration of Academic Courses in the Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta, Ogun State Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawal-Adebowale, O. A.; Oyekunle, O.

    2014-01-01

    With integration of information technology tool for academic course registration in the Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, the study assessed the agro-students' appraisal of the online tool for course registration. A simple random sampling technique was used to select 325 agrostudents; and validated and reliable questionnaire was used…

  12. Policy and Systems Issues Limiting the Participation of Historically Black Colleges and Universities in the Federal Disability Research Agenda

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Corey L.; Johnson, Jean E.; Manyibe, Edward O.; Washington, Andre L.; Uchegbu, Nkechi E.; Cross, Kenyotta Eugene; Hollis-Staten, Bridget; Turner-Whittaker, Tyra; Edwards, Yolanda

    2012-01-01

    This study reports on an investigation of barriers that prevent Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) from fully participating in the federal disability and rehabilitation research and development (R&D) agenda. The Delphi technique was used to examine panelists' perceptions on the importance of contextual R&D barriers ensuing from…

  13. 78 FR 18346 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Submission for OMB Review; Use of Data Universal Numbering System...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-26

    ... establishment. A notice was published in the Federal Register at 77 FR 56212, on September 12, 2012. Three... burden has been adjusted since published in the Federal Register at 74 FR 37991, on July 30, 2009....

  14. 78 FR 16479 - Acquisition of Items for Which Federal Prison Industries Has a Significant Market Share

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-15

    ... was published at 74 FR 59914 which amended the Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement...) 5335 (Metal Screening) 7210 (Household Furnishings) 7230 Draperies, Awnings, and Shades 8405...

  15. Proposed center for advanced industrial processes. Washington State University, College of Engineering and Architecture

    SciTech Connect

    1995-03-01

    The DOE proposes to authorize Washington State University (WSU) to proceed with the detailed design, construction, and equipping of the proposed Center for Advanced Industrial Processes (CAIP). The proposed project would involve construction of a three story building containing laboratories, classrooms, seminar rooms, and graduate student and administrative office space. Existing buildings would be demolished. The proposed facility would house research in thermal/fluid sciences, bioengineering, manufacturing processes, and materials processing. Under the {open_quotes}no-action{close_quotes} DOE would not authorize WSU to proceed with construction under the grant. WSU would then need to consider alternatives for proceeding without DOE funds. Such alternatives (including delaying or scaling back the project), would result in a postponement or slight reduction in the minor adverse environmental, safety and health Impacts of the project evaluated in this assessment. More importantly, these alternatives would affect the important environmental, safety, health, and programmatic benefits of the projects. The surrounding area is fully urbanized and the campus is intensely developed around the proposed site. The buildings scheduled for demolition do not meet State energy codes, are not air conditioned, and lack handicapped access. Sensitive resources (historical/archeological, protected species/critical habitats, wetlands/floodplains, national forests/parks/trails, prime farmland and special sources of water) would not be affected as they do not occur on or near the proposed site. Cumulative impacts would be small. The proposed action is not related to other actions being considered under other NEPA reviews. There is no conflict between the proposed action and any applicable Federal, State, regional or local land use plans and policies.

  16. ECUT: Energy Conversion and Utilization Technologies program. Industry, university and research interest in the US Department of Energy ECUT biocatalysis research activity

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wilcox, R. E.

    1983-01-01

    The results of a Research Opportunity Notice (RON) disseminated by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy Conversion and Utilization Technologies (ECUT) Program's Biocatalysis Research Activity are presented. The RON was issued in late April of 1983 and solicited expressions of interest from petrochemical and chemical companies, bioengineering firms, biochemical engineering consultants, private research laboratories, and universities for participating in a federal research program to investigate potential applications of biotechnology in producing chemicals. The RON results indicate that broad interest exists within the nation's industry, universities, and research institutes for the Activity and its planned research and development program.

  17. 77 FR 56212 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Information Collection; Use of Data Universal Numbering System...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-12

    ... published in the Federal Register at 74 FR 37991, on July 30, 2009. The adjustment is based on use of Fiscal... GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION Federal Acquisition... for the proper performance of functions of the Federal Acquisition Regulations (FAR), and whether...

  18. Building Connections between Industry and University: Implementing an Internship Program at a Regional University.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tovey, Janice

    2001-01-01

    Discusses the issues of socialization and acculturation of interns into the workplace, motivation of student employees, and the relationship between education and training/workplace and academy by using an established university level internship program. Reveals the significance of these issues for positive experiential learning. (SG)

  19. Financial Report on Ontario Universities, 1986-87. Volume II, Affiliated and Federated Colleges and Universities. Report 87-6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council of Ontario Universities, Toronto. Research Div.

    Data on the total revenue and expenses and changes in fund balances of the 22 church-related colleges, universities, and seminaries of Ontario are presented for the fiscal year ending 1987. The information is presented using consistent categories and definitions for all universities and colleges of Ontario. In addition to financial data for each…

  20. Energy Saving Separations Technologies for the Petroleum Industry: An Industry-University-National Laboratory Research Partnership

    SciTech Connect

    Dorgan, John R.; Stewart, Frederick F.; Way, J. Douglas

    2003-03-28

    This project works to develop technologies capable of replacing traditional energy-intensive distillations so that a 20% improvement in energy efficiency can be realized. Consistent with the DOE sponsored report, Technology Roadmap for the Petroleum Industry, the approach undertaken is to develop and implement entirely new technology to replace existing energy intensive practices. The project directly addresses the top priority issue of developing membranes for hydrocarbon separations. The project is organized to rapidly and effectively advance the state-of-the-art in membranes for hydrocarbon separations. The project team includes ChevronTexaco and BP, major industrial petroleum refiners, who will lead the effort by providing matching resources and real world management perspective. Academic expertise in separation sciences and polymer materials found in the Chemical Engineering and Petroleum Refining Department of the Colorado School of Mines is used to invent, develop, and test new membrane materials. Additional expertise and special facilities available at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) are also exploited in order to effectively meet the goals of the project. The proposed project is truly unique in terms of the strength of the team it brings to bear on the development and commercialization of the proposed technologies.

  1. Adult Education for Industrial Workers; The Contribution of Sheffield University Extramural Department.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Michael Barratt

    Focusing on efforts to devise recruitment and teaching methods relevant to British industrial workers, an account is given of the day release time courses provided by the Sheffield University Extramural Department in association with trade unions and management among miners, steelworkers, and technologists in South Derbyshire, South Yorkshire, and…

  2. The Fundacion Universidad Empresa of Madrid, Ten Years of Experience in University-Industry Relations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saenz de Miera, Antonio

    1983-01-01

    The first 10 years of Spain's leading organization designed to promote the establishment of relationships between universities and industry are discussed. Its activities in scientific and technical research projects and funding, continuing education programs, and coordination of employment opportunities are outlined. (MSE)

  3. The Training of "Triple Helix Workers"? Doctoral Students in University-Industry-Government Collaborations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thune, Taran

    2010-01-01

    Changes in knowledge production, increasing interaction between government, universities and industry, and changes in labor markets for doctoral degree holders are forces that have spurred a debate about the organization of doctoral education and the competencies graduates need to master to work as scientists and researchers in a triple helix…

  4. The Impact of University-Industry Research on Doctoral Programs and Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malfroy, Janne

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of the doctorate and the desirable outcomes of doctoral education are the focus of debates in the UK, the USA, Australia and other Organisation for Economic Development countries. Part of that reconceptualisation of the doctorate includes a growing international interest in university-industry research, which, as a consequence, has…

  5. Brokers on the Boundary: Academy-Industry Liaison in Canadian Universities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fisher, Donald; Atkinson-Grosjean, Janet

    2002-01-01

    Traces the institutionalization of industry-liaison offices and commercialization of research in Canadian universities. Describes how the managers "capture the benefits" of discoveries generated by researchers, and identifies four major themes: intellectual property policy, culture conflict, boundary work, and the public good. Explores what is

  6. Innovative University-Industry-Government Collaboration. Six Case Studies from the USA.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dryden, R. D.; Erzurumlu, H. C. M.

    1996-01-01

    University-industry-government collaborations face challenges that necessitate a new culture or mindset. Six U.S. case examples demonstrate ways to create a win-win-win scenario and sustain partnerships: Oregon Joint Graduate Schools of Engineering; Network for Engineering and Research in Oregon; Blacksburg Electronic Village; research…

  7. R&D Characteristics and Organizational Structure: Case Studies of University-Industry Research Centers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hart, Maureen McArthur

    2013-01-01

    Within the past few decades, university-industry research centers have been developed in large numbers and emphasized as a valuable policy tool for innovation. Yet little is known about the heterogeneity of organizational structure within these centers, which has implications regarding policy for and management of these centers. This dissertation…

  8. Facing Up to the Risks in Commercially Focused University-Industry R&D Partnerships

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fulop, Liz; Couchman, Paul

    2006-01-01

    The number of university-industry R&D partnerships (UIPs) has increased significantly over the past decade, in most OECD countries and in Australia, yet the study of risk in such commercially focused collaborative ventures is still a developing area. This review paper seeks to contribute to debate on this increasingly important phenomenon by

  9. Information Services to Industry: The Role of the Technological University Library

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwarz, Stephan

    1976-01-01

    The technological university library (TUL) is not in any strict sense an information center for industry, but it has specific important functions in a network of Scientific and Technical Information Systems and Services (STI/SS) which coexist in a kind of symbiotic or feedback structure. (Author/PF)

  10. Universities in the Business of Repression: The Academic-Military-Industrial Complex and Central America.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feldman, Jonathan

    This book presents the thesis that U.S. universities have become part of an academic-military-industrial complex that support repression and murder in Central America. Part 1 explains how U.S. policies have been based on murder in Central America and examines the responsibility of transnational corporations and U.S. war planners in this…

  11. Cooperative Science: A National Study of University and Industry Researchers. Case Studies. Volume II.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Elmima C.; And Others

    This report presents nine case studies of Industry/University Cooperative Research (IUCR) projects supported during 1978-1980 by the National Science Foundation. The intent of this document is to provide readers with a qualitative picture of cooperative science as practiced under the IUCR program. The information presented in this report is…

  12. R&D Characteristics and Organizational Structure: Case Studies of University-Industry Research Centers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hart, Maureen McArthur

    2013-01-01

    Within the past few decades, university-industry research centers have been developed in large numbers and emphasized as a valuable policy tool for innovation. Yet little is known about the heterogeneity of organizational structure within these centers, which has implications regarding policy for and management of these centers. This dissertation

  13. Universities in the Business of Repression: The Academic-Military-Industrial Complex and Central America.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feldman, Jonathan

    This book presents the thesis that U.S. universities have become part of an academic-military-industrial complex that support repression and murder in Central America. Part 1 explains how U.S. policies have been based on murder in Central America and examines the responsibility of transnational corporations and U.S. war planners in this

  14. The Proliferation of PDC-Type Environments in Industry and Universities

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shishko, R.

    2000-01-01

    JPL's Project Design Cenger (PDC), opened in 1994, has become a model for other facilities of the same type in the aerospace industry. More recently, PDC-type environments have been adopted by some university aerospace departments as an educational tool. This paper discusses some of these facilities and their possible future direction.

  15. The Impact of University-Industry Research on Doctoral Programs and Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malfroy, Janne

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of the doctorate and the desirable outcomes of doctoral education are the focus of debates in the UK, the USA, Australia and other Organisation for Economic Development countries. Part of that reconceptualisation of the doctorate includes a growing international interest in university-industry research, which, as a consequence, has

  16. Training PhD Physicists for Industrial Careers: The Industrial Leadership in Physics Program at Georgetown University.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    van Keuren, Edward

    2009-03-01

    The Physics department at Georgetown University has a unique PhD level graduate program designed to prepare PhD physicists for positions in high-tech business. Launched in 2001, the Industrial Leadership in Physics (ILP) graduate program combines training in technical subjects and business topics with a focus on group learning, communication skills, and practical work experience. Some highlights of the program include a modular curriculum in fundamental physics, centered on solid-state physics, instrumentation, problem solving and computer modeling; a year-long apprenticeship at the site of an industrial partner chosen to match the interests of the student and coursework in the McDonough School of Business at Georgetown. This presentation will give an overview of the program.

  17. Industry/University/Government partnerships in metrology: A new paradigm for the future

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Helms, C. R.

    1998-11-01

    A business process is described where Industry/University/Government interactions are optimized for highest productivity across these three sectors. This cross-functional approach provides for the rapid development of differentiated products for competitive advantage in industry, best of class scholarship and academically free university research, and the assurance of U.S. economic and military strength. The major focus of this paper will be R&D. However, the above objectives will only be met if effective transition from R&D into final product marketing, design, and manufacturing are included as an additional required concurrent, cross-functional activity. Metrology will be shown as an area that meets all the requirements for the development of a broad cross-functional partnership between industry, academia, and the Government that creates significant value for each sector.

  18. Industry/University/Government partnerships in metrology: A new paradigm for the future

    SciTech Connect

    Helms, C. R.

    1998-11-24

    A business process is described where Industry/University/Government interactions are optimized for highest productivity across these three sectors. This cross-functional approach provides for the rapid development of differentiated products for competitive advantage in industry, best of class scholarship and academically free university research, and the assurance of U.S. economic and military strength. The major focus of this paper will be R and D. However, the above objectives will only be met if effective transition from R and D into final product marketing, design, and manufacturing are included as an additional required concurrent, cross-functional activity. Metrology will be shown as an area that meets all the requirements for the development of a broad cross-functional partnership between industry, academia, and the Government that creates significant value for each sector.

  19. Encouragement of Industry-Government-University-Student Collaboration in Engineering Education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kasagi, Nobuhide

    A new framework of intersecting institutional spheres of industry, government and academia is proposed to promote better mutual understanding of their roles in human resource development for the coming knowledge-based society. It is encouraged to also involve students to make the development, practice and assessment of universities‧ engineering education programs well-balanced, solid and productive. Thus, a unique alliance between industry-government-university-student is established. A prospective university should take an initiative to define four indispensable elements of engineering education program such as a vision, goals, curricula and evaluation, which as a whole should be as a common platform for all stakeholders. A proposal is also made for the method of thesis evaluation, by which the mission and goals can be made much clearer to faculties, students as well as industries.

  20. Proceedings of a forum industry-university relations: collision or cooperation

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1982-06-01

    The principal objective of the Forum was to gather individuals intimately involved or concerned with the national status of industry-university relations in order to develop a state-of-the-art consensus on the issues, problems and forms of these relationships. The program and schedule of the Forum are included in Appendix A. The agenda approached the Forum objective by scheduling an initial day of discussions on selected issues (Communication Barriers, Ethical Considerations, Bypassing the System, and Industrial Security and Restraint of Trade). This was followed by a morning session devoted to an examination of existing models representing the major alternative mechanisms currently utilized in formalized university-industry interactions. Each session was initiated by a general review statement presented by an appropriate Topic Leader. The Topic Leaders are listed in Appendix B.

  1. 77 FR 6549 - Acquisition of Items for Which Federal Prison Industries Has a Significant Market Share

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-08

    ... November 19, 2009, a final rule was published at 74 FR 59914, which amended the Defense Federal Acquisition... Materials Handling Equipment); 6020 (Fiber Optic Cable Assemblies and Harnesses); 7110 (Office...

  2. Regulatory and Financial Reform of Federal Research Policy: Recommendations to the NRC Committee on Research Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of American Universities, 2011

    2011-01-01

    At the request of the National Research Council (NRC) Committee on Research Universities, the Council on Governmental Relations (COGR), the Association of American Universities (AAU), and the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities (APLU) have assembled a set of ten recommendations for regulatory reform that would improve research…

  3. Knowledge Exchange between Universities and the Creative Industries in the UK: A Case Study of Current Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferguson, Morag

    2014-01-01

    The importance to the economy of knowledge exchange between universities and industry has long been recognized, and in the UK a number of initiatives are in place to support such activities. These initiatives have helped to stimulate engagement between universities and the creative industries, a sector of increasing importance to the UK economy.

  4. Knowledge Exchange between Universities and the Creative Industries in the UK: A Case Study of Current Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferguson, Morag

    2014-01-01

    The importance to the economy of knowledge exchange between universities and industry has long been recognized, and in the UK a number of initiatives are in place to support such activities. These initiatives have helped to stimulate engagement between universities and the creative industries, a sector of increasing importance to the UK economy.…

  5. 75 FR 25113 - High-Cost Universal Service Support, Federal-State Joint Board on Universal Service, Lifeline and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-07

    ... circumstances since we issued the NPRM, 71 FR 1721, January 11, 2006, in 2005. 2. In light of these positive...'s own 2005 study concluded that ``universal service is a virtual reality,'' because 92.8 percent of... and Order, 62 FR 32862, June 17, 1997, that non-rural carriers would receive support based on...

  6. 76 FR 4827 - High-Cost Universal Service Support and Federal-State Joint Board on Universal Service

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-27

    ... relinquishes its ETC status. As discussed in the September 2010 NPRM, 75 FR 56494, September 16, 2010, the goal of the Interim Cap Order, 73 FR 37882, July 2, 2008, is to rein in high-cost universal service... business status. 24. In 2007, the Commission adopted the 700 MHz Second Report and Order, 72 FR...

  7. Maximizing industry benefit through cooperation between federal, state and private-sector floricultural research efforts

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    he USDA-ARS Greenhouse Production Research Group was established to provide a federally funded research emphasis on greenhouse crop production. It has focused on broad production issues (nutrition, water management, and energy conservation) by coordinating research between in-house researchers, Uni...

  8. 78 FR 62602 - Board of Regents, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences; Notice of Federal...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-22

    ... (78 FR 61344), the Department of Defense published in the Federal Register, a notice to announce the... meeting location. ADDRESSES: The meeting location has been moved to the Everett Alvarez Jr. Board...

  9. A Social Contract for University-Industry Collaboration: A Case of Project-Based Learning Environment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vartiainen, Tero

    This study determines a social contract for a form of university-industry collaboration to a project-based learning environment in close collaboration with industry. The author's previous studies on moral conflicts in a project-based learning (PjBL) environment and his 5-year engagement in the PjBL environment are used as background knowledge, and John Rawls' veil of ignorance is used as a method in the contract formulation. Fair and impartial treatment of actors is strived for with the contract which constitutes of sets of obligations for each party, students, clients, and university (instructors) in the chosen project course. With the contract fair and impartial treatment of actors is strived for and the most dilemmatic moral conflicts are tried to be avoided. The forming of the social contract is evaluated, and implications for research and collaborations in practice are offered.

  10. The role of the University Licensing Office in transferring intellectual property to industry

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Preston, John T.

    1992-01-01

    Universities in the US have a significant impact on business through the transfer of technology. This transfer of technology takes various forms, including faculty communications, faculty consulting activities, and the direct transfer of technology through the licensing of patents, copyrights, and other intellectual property to industry. The topics discussed include the following: background of the MIT Technology Licensing Office (TLO), goals of the MIT TLO, MIT's technology transfer philosophy, and important factors for success in new company formation.

  11. Patterns of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) Reported among Students in a Federal University in Midwestern Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Omobude-Idiado, S. N.; Bazuaye, G. N.

    2009-01-01

    The study analysed the patterns of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) among students in a Nigerian University. It is a retrospective study of 38,933 students who attended the University Health Centre from 2001 to 2005. The results showed that 1.8% of all the students who attended the clinic had STIs. The study also revealed that 85.26% of the

  12. Federal Support of Universities and Colleges of Canada. Financing Higher Education in Canada.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waines, W. J.

    The purpose of this report is to help the people and governments of Canada face the financial problems of university development over the next decade. The report deals with: (1) enrollment projections of Canada's universities and colleges; (2) projection of operating expenditures; (3) projection of capital expenditures; (4) estimated total…

  13. Patterns of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) Reported among Students in a Federal University in Midwestern Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Omobude-Idiado, S. N.; Bazuaye, G. N.

    2009-01-01

    The study analysed the patterns of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) among students in a Nigerian University. It is a retrospective study of 38,933 students who attended the University Health Centre from 2001 to 2005. The results showed that 1.8% of all the students who attended the clinic had STIs. The study also revealed that 85.26% of the…

  14. Federal Taxation of State Colleges and Universities: Recent Developments Call for Reconsideration of Theories of Exemption

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burke, Garrett C.

    1976-01-01

    The tax status of the state college or university under three alternative theories of exemption is examined. It is suggested that such an institution can be included within the expanded view of the doctrine of intergovernmental immunity. (LBH)

  15. Staff Employment Policies in Universities of the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fiebiger, Nikolaus

    1985-01-01

    A system for providing opportunities for young academics and managing the age distribution of West German university faculty through a gradual increase in temporary jobs according to enrollment rates is proposed. (MSE)

  16. 78 FR 64206 - Board of Visitors, Marine Corps University; Notice of Federal Advisory Committee Meeting; Correction

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-28

    ..., September 11, 2013 (FR Doc. 2013-22138), the Department of the Navy published in the Federal Register, a..., Room 186, Quantico, VA 22134 FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Members of the public wishing to attend...., Breckinridge Hall, Room 186, Quantico, VA 22134; telephone: 703-432-4682; email:...

  17. The New Federal Drinking Water Act: Implications of its Implementation for the College and University Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mohatt, James V.

    1977-01-01

    Institutional involvement under the Federal Safe Drinking Water Act (PL93-523) may range from zero cost to sizable expenditures depending upon whether the institution can be defined as a water supplier, or a cooperative agent of another water supplier. (MJB)

  18. Guide to federal export assistance activities applicable to the US coal and coal technologies industry

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1989-09-01

    The federal government provides a complete range of programs and services that can assist United States (US) coal and coal-technology firms as they expand into the foreign marketplace. These programs cover the spectrum of business export needs, which include: providing assistance in identifying target markets, locating specific business opportunities and foreign joint-venture partners, arranging business appointments, organizing trade missions, sponsoring feasibility studies, conducting trade analyses, providing financing, insuring investments, and providing in-country training and assistance. Under the sponsorship of the Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy (FE), this Guide has been developed to address this problem. It is intended to provide coal and coal technology firms with a single reference source for identifying US government agencies, programs, and contacts that might aid in exporting. The Guide contains an in-depth discussion of the eight major agencies offering export assistance: the Agency for International Development (AID), the Departments of Commerce (DOC) and State (DOS), the Export-Import Bank (Eximbank), the Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC), the Small Business Administration (SBA), the Trade and Development Program (TDP), and the Office of the US Trade Representative (USTR). In addition, this guide identifies pertinent activities performed by other federal agencies that might assist coal and coal-technologies exporters, including the Departments of Defense (DOD), Education, Energy (DOE), and Labor (DOL).

  19. Safety Challenges and Oversight in the Motorcoach Industry: Attitudes and Perceptions of Drivers, Roadside Inspectors, and Federal Investigators

    PubMed Central

    Braver, Elisa R.; Dodd, Robert S.; Cheung, Ivan; Long, Lindsay O.

    2012-01-01

    Interstate motorcoach travel has been the fastest-growing transportation mode in recent years. To identify challenges to monitoring compliance with motorcoach safety regulations and to examine factors affecting safety, four focus groups with a total of 32 participants were conducted during 2011, one with federal safety investigators, one with state motor carrier inspectors, and two with motorcoach drivers. Investigators and inspectors expressed concern about falsified logbooks, inadequate sleep among motorcoach drivers, hazards from speeding motorcoaches, practices by motorcoach carriers to mask ownership and avoid oversight, and difficulties keeping up with rapid motorcoach industry growth. Drivers described problems with getting sufficient sleep, pressure to drive longer than permitted, and fears of motor carriers giving them less work if they turned down driving jobs. Drivers said that driving 72–74 mph was acceptable in light traffic. To help assess workload among personnel performing safety oversight, data on numbers of motor carriers, commercial motor vehicles, federal investigators, and state inspectors were obtained from the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA). The data suggested a heavy workload (2.13 inspectors per 1,000 commercial motor vehicles). The focus groups of inspectors, investigators, and drivers indicated the existence of serious motorcoach safety problems, provided insight about the multiple factors contributing to them, and described major obstacles to effective safety oversight. The qualitative nature of focus group research means that these notable findings will need to be measured using other methods such as surveys and observational studies. PMID:23169117

  20. Catalogo General de Universidades, 1970-1971: Federacion de Universidades Privadas de America Central y Panama (General Catalog of Universities, 1970-1971: Federation of Private Universities of Central America and Panama).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federacion de Universidades Privadas de America Central y Panama, Guatemala City (Guatemala).

    This document contains the 1970-1971 catalogues of five universities belonging to the Federation of Private Universities of Central America and Panama (FUPAC). The catalogues provide information on university administrators and staff, historical background, admission requirements, degree programs, scholarships, and courses. The catalogues included…

  1. The distribution of industrial waste generation and energy use characteristics in available Federal and State databases

    SciTech Connect

    Thomas, T.M.; Jendrucko, R.J.; Peretz, J.H.

    1995-06-01

    Over the last several years, data have been collected by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the Department of Energy, and various state government agencies on manufacturing waste generation and energy consumption. To date, however, little analysis of these data have been performed on the characteristics and distributions of waste types generated and energy forms consumed. Yet, these databases provide a wealth of information that can be used to draw useful conclusions on manufacturing efficiency. Although the data collected have weaknesses, the Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) and Consumption of Energy Report can be used to investigate possible relationships between industrial waste generation and energy consumption.

  2. Status of Federal Funding for Industrial Arts in Relation to the Amended Vocational Education Act of 1963 for FY80 and FY81.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sarapin, Marvin I., Comp.

    This report provides information on the inclusion of industrial arts in the state plans and actual funding for the fiscal years 1980 and 1981. A one-page summary report discusses federal legislation and funding and data collection through use of a mail questionnaire sent to state supervisors of industrial arts funding in the 50 states and Puerto…

  3. PACU Goes to Washington: How Pennsylvania Colleges and Universities Fought Federal Student Aid Cuts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ream, James A.

    1982-01-01

    The strategy of the Pennsylvania Association of Colleges and Universities to combat student aid budget cuts is discussed. The main event was a "Day in Washington" when members discussed the impact of the proposed cuts with the 25 congressmen and two senators from Pennsylvania. (MLW)

  4. Entrepreneurial Capabilities and Organizational Transformation: Entrepreneurial Evolution at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Renault, Thiago; Carvalho de Mello, Jose Manoel

    2013-01-01

    The Brazilian government has been fostering innovation through policies aimed at transferring technology from publicly funded science and technology organizations to the market. One response to this initiative has been an attempt by some universities to transform themselves into entrepreneurial institutions. In this paper the authors use a

  5. The Impacts of the Federal Government on Villanova University. A Self Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dellapenna, Joseph W.

    Results of a self-study conducted by Villanova University, Pennsylvania, on the impact of government legislation and regulations are described. A committee studied the issues and sought the opinions of faculty, administrators, and students. Financial impacts of governmental programs and effects of affirmative action and student rights…

  6. 78 FR 61344 - Board of Regents, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences; Notice of Federal...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-03

    ... Sciences. DATES: Wednesday, October 23, 2013, from 8:30 a.m. to 10:30 a.m. (Open Session) and 10:30 a.m. to 11:30 a.m. (Closed Session). ADDRESSES: Tower Suite 2, Hershey Lodge, 325 University Drive, Hershey... awards and honors. The USU President will provide a report and information from both academic...

  7. Entrepreneurial Capabilities and Organizational Transformation: Entrepreneurial Evolution at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Renault, Thiago; Carvalho de Mello, Jose Manoel

    2013-01-01

    The Brazilian government has been fostering innovation through policies aimed at transferring technology from publicly funded science and technology organizations to the market. One response to this initiative has been an attempt by some universities to transform themselves into entrepreneurial institutions. In this paper the authors use a…

  8. Comparison of Occupational Stress among Academics in Federal and State Universities in Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ejue, James Bassey

    2013-01-01

    In the workplace, both the managers and the subordinates are confronted with job stressors, and if not properly handled, there will be a telling effect on productivity. Effiom et al. (2007) had asserted that the desire of every work organization is to ensure stability in terms of workers' satisfaction and productivity. Nigerian Universities are no…

  9. Comparison of Occupational Stress among Academics in Federal and State Universities in Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ejue, James Bassey

    2013-01-01

    In the workplace, both the managers and the subordinates are confronted with job stressors, and if not properly handled, there will be a telling effect on productivity. Effiom et al. (2007) had asserted that the desire of every work organization is to ensure stability in terms of workers' satisfaction and productivity. Nigerian Universities are no

  10. The Implications of Upper-Secondary School Reform for Universities in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gellert, Claudius

    1981-01-01

    The development and implementation of a far-reaching reform of secondary schools in Germany is described. The process of implementation and the new organizational pattern is reviewed. Issues arising from the reformed upper-secondary school, with particular emphasis on subject specialization and the role of the university, are discussed. (MLW)

  11. Federal Support to Universities, Colleges, and Selected Nonprofit Institutions. Fiscal Year 1979. A Report to the President and Congress. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Science Foundation, Washington, DC. Div. of Science Resources Studies.

    Data collected in a Survey of Federal Support to Universities, Colleges, and Selected Nonprofit Institutions, for the period October 1, 1978, through September 30, 1979, are presented. The reporting system is based on the program established in 1965 by the Committee on Academic Science and Engineering of the Federal Council on Science and…

  12. Innovation in Academe: Federal R&D Funding and the Patenting Activities of U.S. Universities and Colleges. Technical Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fossum, Donna; Eiseman, Elisa; Moreno, Connie S.; Painter, Lawrence S.; Blume-Kohout, Margaret E.

    2009-01-01

    The Bayh-Dole Act of 1980 expressly gave colleges, universities, and other nonprofit entities the right, which had previously been presumptively held by the federal government itself, to patent inventions resulting from federally funded research and development (R&D) activities they conduct. In the nearly three decades since the Bayh-Dole Act…

  13. A Study of Financial and Educational Trends in Universities in Relation to Federal Funding of Health-Related Research 1964-1974.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lanier, Lyle H.; Zageris, Ivars

    The primary purpose of this study is to investigate relationships between trends in federal funding of biomedical-behavioral research in universities and concurrent financial and educational changes in these institutions from FY 1964 through FY 1974. More detailed knowledge of these interrelationships should provide guidance to federal agencies…

  14. Innovation in Academe: Federal R&D Funding and the Patenting Activities of U.S. Universities and Colleges. Technical Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fossum, Donna; Eiseman, Elisa; Moreno, Connie S.; Painter, Lawrence S.; Blume-Kohout, Margaret E.

    2009-01-01

    The Bayh-Dole Act of 1980 expressly gave colleges, universities, and other nonprofit entities the right, which had previously been presumptively held by the federal government itself, to patent inventions resulting from federally funded research and development (R&D) activities they conduct. In the nearly three decades since the Bayh-Dole Act

  15. A NASA/Industry/University Partnership for Development of Dual-Use Vibration Isolation Technology

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tinker, Michael L.

    1994-01-01

    A partnership is described that was formed as a result of a NASA university grant for the study of wire rope vibration isolation systems. Vibration isolators of this type are currently used in the Space Shuttle Orbiter and engine test facility, and have potential application in the international space station and other space vehicles. Wire rope isolators were considered for use on the Hubble Space Telescope and the military has used wire rope technology extensively. The desire of the wire rope industry to expand sales in commercial markets coupled with results of the prior NASA funded study, led to the formation of a partnership including NASA, the university involved in the research grant, and a small company that designs wire rope systems. Goals include the development of improved mathematical models and a designers handbook to facilitate the use of the new modeling tools.

  16. A NASA/industry/university partnership for development of dual-use vibration isolation technology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tinker, Michael L.

    A partnership is described that was formed as a result of a NASA university grant for the study of wire rope vibration isolation systems. Vibration isolators of this type are currently used in the Space Shuttle Orbiter and engine test facility, and have potential application in the international space station and other space vehicles. Wire rope isolators were considered for use on the Hubble Space Telescope and the military has used wire rope technology extensively. The desire of the wire rope industry to expand sales in commercial markets coupled with results of the prior NASA funded study, led to the formation of a partnership including NASA, the university involved in the research grant, and a small company that designs wire rope systems. Goals include the development of improved mathematical models and a designers handbook to facilitate the use of the new modeling tools.

  17. The organization of the MCT workshop: An innovative approach to universities, industry, and government working together

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Spicer, William E.

    1998-06-01

    This workshop was organized in the early 1980s to produce HgxCd1-xTe (MCT) mid- and long- wave infrared night vision technology. A key was an organizational plan that would combine industry, university, and government work to optimize return on the overall investment. (A majority of the work was sponsored by the U.S. Government.) To put this in perspective, three models will be presented, going from basic work to manufacturing a product. These are the series, parallel, and hybrid models. The workshop fits the parallel model best and can be thought of as a pioneering attempt in implementing such a model.

  18. The Government-University-Industry Research Roundtable. Annual reports for 1997, 1998, 1999

    SciTech Connect

    1999-12-31

    The Roundtable was created in 1984 to provide a unique forum for dialog among top government, university, and industry leaders of the national science and technology enterprise. The purpose is to facilitate personal working relationships and exchange of ideas regarding issues, problems, and promising opportunities that are facing those charged with developing and deploying science and technology resources. These annual reports begin by describing the purpose, structure, and mode of operation of the Roundtable. There follow sections devoted to the council activities, major projects, and follow-up planning, and the activities of the Roundtable working groups. Meeting agendas and publications lists are also included.

  19. Industriology--The Science of Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wisconsin State Univ., Platteville. Coll. of Industry.

    This overview of an industrial arts curriculum project, resulting from comprehensive studies of industry by the staff and graduate students of the College of Industry at Wisconsin State University through federally funded institutional grants and fellowship programs, focuses on "industriology"--the science of industry. Intended to update and…

  20. Positioning Industrial Design Students to Operate at the "Fuzzy Front End": Investigating a New Arena of University Design Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wormald, Paul W.

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes pedagogic research to instigate, support and understand a significant change in the education of undergraduate industrial design students. Design educators at Loughborough University, UK, have proposed that it will be critical for future industrial designers to learn new knowledge and abilities which will enable them to

  1. Positioning Industrial Design Students to Operate at the "Fuzzy Front End": Investigating a New Arena of University Design Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wormald, Paul W.

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes pedagogic research to instigate, support and understand a significant change in the education of undergraduate industrial design students. Design educators at Loughborough University, UK, have proposed that it will be critical for future industrial designers to learn new knowledge and abilities which will enable them to…

  2. University-Pharmaceutical Industry Cooperation: Creation of a New Administrative Position to Broker the Placement of Clinical Trials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mishler, John M.

    1989-01-01

    A pilot program at the University of Missouri-Kansas City included creation of a part-time administrative position to enhance cooperative ventures between the university and the pharmaceutical industry through placement of clinical trials among academic units with interdisciplinary research programs in the health sciences. Sponsored funding levels…

  3. Federal Highway Administration University Course on Bicycle and Pedestrian Transportation. TechBrief. Publication No. FHWA-HRT-06-065

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Transportation, 2006

    2006-01-01

    The second edition of the "Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) University Course on Bicycle and Pedestrian Transportation", a set of resources designed to provide background materials for an undergraduate or graduate university course on bicycling and walking, is now available from the FHWA. The FHWA distributes this teaching resource to…

  4. Current state, problems, and prospects of development of the fuel and power industry of the Russian Federation

    SciTech Connect

    Shatalov, A.T.

    1994-09-01

    Despite the political and territorial changes that have occurred in the former USSR, the Russian Federation as before remains the core of the entire energy supply system of countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the three Baltic States, as well as an exporter of oil and gas to European countries. Demonstrated gas reserves in Russia amount to 47 trillion cubic meters and coal reserves more than 200 billion tons. With the dissolution of the USSR, the infrastructure of the entire region was affected. The main production of pipes remained in Ukraine and 80% of the production of oil equipment remained in Azerbaijan. The majority of underground gas storage facilities, refineries, and electric-power installations constructed during the past 20 years remained in Belarus, Baltic Countries, and Ukraine. To solve some of the problems, laws were passed that aimed at the formation of market relations in the economy and power industry. The transition to a market economy in the oil and gas industry should take 5-7 years and has a large effect on the overall markets reforms taking place. The article also outlines the history and present state of petroleum reserves and development in Russia.

  5. Government-University-Industry-Research Roundtable. Annual report, June 14, 1991--June 14, 1992

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1995-02-01

    The major accomplishment of the past year in the Roundtable`s continuing work on issues of concern to the academic enterprise is the preparation of two documents - Science and Technology in the Academic Enterprise: Status, Trends, and Issues and Perspectives on Financing Academic Research Facilities: A Resource for Policy Formulation. The significance of these two publications is that they both organize a large amount of complex and often controversial material in a way that is useful for further discussions and, in some cases, action by the government and higher education communities. The test for the Roundtable now is whether it can stimulate these follow-on activities. The model in this regard is the Federal Demonstration Project, where the Roundtable stimulated specific government-university joint actions in streamlining research grant administration. All of these activities are described below in greater detail.

  6. A Balanced Scorecard for Open Innovation: Measuring the Impact of Industry-University Collaboration

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Flores, Myrna; Al-Ashaab, Ahmed; Magyar, Andrea

    The Balanced Scorecard (BSC) can be considered as a strategic measurement tool. Since its first publication by Norton and Kaplan in the early 1990’s, many companies have applied it to measure four key aspects of their organisations’ performance: Financial, Customer, Internal Business Process, Learning and Growth. Although it is widely used in the business arena, this original BSC was not developed to assess the impact of collaborative research projects under an open innovation strategy, where the outputs of research and development (R&D) developed by collaborative projects undertaken by industry and universities should be measured in a different way. In fact, many companies are losing important opportunities to spur their R&D results by not being able to quantify the results of such collaborations. Therefore, this paper will propose a Scorecard to measure the outcomes of collaborative research. It is important to recall that this scorecard has been developed during a collaborative research project by CEMEX Research Group AG (Switzerland) and Cranfield University (UK). During such project, a survey was developed to carry out eleven face-to-face interviews in a sample of ten companies in UK, which provided important inputs to design such strategic scorecard. It was confirmed that a collaborative balanced scorecard is a very useful tool to measure, track and improve the impact of conducting collaborative projects with universities.

  7. Ethical issues at the university-industry interface: a way forward?

    PubMed

    Evans, G R; Packham, D E

    2003-01-01

    This paper forms an introduction to this issue, the contents of which arose directly or indirectly from a conference in May 2001 on Corruption of scientific integrity?--The commercialisation of academic science. The introduction, in recent decades, of business culture and values into universities and research institutions is incompatible with the openness which scientific and all academic pursuit traditionally require. It has given rise to a web of problems over intellectual property and conflict of interest which has even led to corporate sponsors' suppressing unfavourable results of clinical trials, to the detriment of patients' health. Although there are those who see the norms of science developing to recognise the importance of instrumental science aiming at specific goals and of knowledge judged by its value in a context of application, none justifies the covert manipulation of results by vested interest. Public awareness of these problems is growing and creating a climate of opinion where they may be addressed. We suggest a way forward by the introduction of nationally and internationally-accepted guidelines for industrial collaboration which contain proper protections of the core purposes of universities and of the independence of their research. Some codes suggested for this purpose are discussed. We note that some universities are moving to adopt such codes of conduct, but argue the need for strong support from the government through its funding bodies. PMID:12645225

  8. The Industrial Tutor in the Federal Republic of Germany. The Report of a Visiting Party. Studies in Vocational Education and Training in the Federal Republic of Germany. Number Four.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flower, Fred, Ed.; Russell, Russ, Ed.

    A party of vocational educators from the United Kingdom (UK) traveled to the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) to observe the role of industrial tutors in providing technical training to German workers. During their study, the investigators focused their attention on the role of the meister in the vocational education and training system in…

  9. Vocational Education and Training for the Hotel and Catering Industry in the Federal Republic of Germany. Report of a Visiting Party. Studies in Vocational Education and Training in the Federal Republic of Germany. Number Eight.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ripper, Chris, Ed.; Russell, Russ, Ed.

    A party of vocational educators from the United Kingdom (UK) traveled to the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) to examine West German vocational education and training for the hotel and catering industry. During the study, the investigators examined the training with respect to regulations, the content of training, and the structure of the…

  10. Organizing the University-Industry Relationship: A Case Study of Research Policy and Curriculum Restructuring at the North-West University in South Africa

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boersma, F. K.; Reinecke, C. J.; Gibbons, M.

    2008-01-01

    A major requirement for transformation contained in the new education policy in South Africa is that the graduate outputs of the higher education system should match the needs of a modernizing economy. This paper addresses the organizational aspect of university-industry relationships that is an element of the transformation. In empirical terms,…

  11. Research on the Industry-Academia-Research Cooperation Mechanism of Local University and College--Take Changchun University of Science and Technology as an Example

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yang, Qiong; Li, Bo

    2012-01-01

    Local university and college take as their own responsibilities to serve local economy and promote social development. For them, the cooperation mechanism "Industry-Academia-Research" is not only inevitable to keep up with the development of the times and education, but also necessary to adapt themselves to market demands. It is also the…

  12. Utilization of the Cornell University research reactors in support of the Nuclear Power Industry

    SciTech Connect

    Aderhold, A.C. )

    1993-01-01

    Cornell University is licensed to operate two research reactor facilities on its main campus in Ithaca, New York: a 500-kW pulsing TRIGA and a 100-W zero-power reactor (ZPR). The initial criticality of both reactors took place in 1962, and the utilization of each has been, and continues to be, dedicated to the teaching and research programs of Cornell's many academic departments. As the nation's nuclear power industry grew, the demand for services at research and test reactors increased. As a result, and in large part because of special design features of the TRIGA, Cornell responded to a few requests for reactor testing services while maintaining the policy that these services would not interfere with teaching and research programs. The frequency of service requests suddenly mushroomed in November of 1989, when the nation's major testing reactor was shut down for repairs. In spite of a small staff of two full-time reactor operators, a decision was made to support the nuclear industry to the fullest extent possible without jeopardizing Cornell's teaching and research programs. This turned into a monumental task of tight scheduling and meeting precise deadlines. It could only be accomplished by working late evenings and weekends and, on a number of occasions, staying at the facility for up to 5 days continuously.

  13. The Center for Advanced Microgravity Materials Processing-A partnership between NASA, Northeastern University and industry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sacco, Albert; Baç, Nurcan

    2000-01-01

    CAMMP (the Center for Advanced Microgravity Materials Processing) is a NASA-sponsored Commercial Space Center (CSC) establish in 1997 at Northeastern University as a partnership between NASA, academics and industry. It is one of 16 NASA CSCs at major universities nationwide and is exclusively focussed on materials science. Its mission is to stimulate innovations in materials technology and to develop commercial products through knowledge gained from microgravity research. Materials Synthesis experiments conducted under microgravity conditions permit control over the fluid dynamics and associated heat and mass transfer phenomena that govern crystal growth. Crystals with fewer defects, with narrow size distribution, and with controlled morphologies can be obtained. One key outcome of CAMMP's research is the development of a nucleation and growth database for the intelligent design of solution synthesis and crystal growth experiments. This database supports a wide range of materials interests including, but not limited to: films and coatings, separations technology, gas storage, sensor and smart materials, environmental clean-up, ferroelectrics and related materials and improved crystal structure information. .

  14. Occupational and Qualification Structures in the Field of Environmental Protection in the Metal and Chemical Industries--Study on the Federal Republic of Germany.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nitschke, Christoph; And Others

    A study focused on new occupational and qualification structures in the field of environmental protection in the metal and chemical industries in the Federal Republic of Germany. A total of 22 interviews were conducted with representatives of 11 firms. The public debate on occupational requirements in the field of environmental protection and on…

  15. Energy Efficient Industrialized Housing Research Program, Center for Housing Innovation, University of Oregon and the Florida Solar Energy Center

    SciTech Connect

    Brown, G.Z.

    1990-01-01

    This research program addresses the need to increase the energy efficiency of industrialized housing. Two research centers have responsibility for the program: the Center for Housing Innovation at the University of Oregon and the Florida Solar Energy Center, a research institute of the University of Central Florida. The two organizations provide complementary architectural, systems engineering, and industrial engineering capabilities. In 1989 we worked on these tasks: (1) the formation of a steering committee, (2) the development of a multiyear research plan, (3) analysis of the US industrialized housing industry, (4) assessment of foreign technology, (5) assessment of industrial applications, (6) analysis of computerized design and evaluation tools, and (7) assessment of energy performance of baseline and advanced industrialized housing concepts. The current research program, under the guidance of a steering committee composed of industry and government representatives, focuses on three interdependent concerns -- (1) energy, (2) industrial process, and (3) housing design. Building homes in a factory offers the opportunity to increase energy efficiency through the use of new materials and processes, and to increase the value of these homes by improving the quality of their construction. Housing design strives to ensure that these technically advanced homes are marketable and will meet the needs of the people who will live in them.

  16. University Research: Most Federal Agencies Need to Better Protect Against Financial Conflicts of Interest. Report to the Honorable Richard C. Shelby, U.S. Senate. GAO-04-31

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US General Accounting Office, 2004

    2004-01-01

    In fiscal year 2001, federal agencies provided $19 billion for university research, a vital part of the nation's research and development effort. GAO was asked to examine federal agencies' actions to ensure that (1) the results of the university research grants they fund are made available to the public and (2) universities receiving such grants…

  17. 76 FR 20686 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Safety Labeling Changes; Implementation of the Federal Food, Drug...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-13

    ...; Implementation of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act; Availability AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration...) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.'' The Food and Drug Administration Amendments Act of 2007 (FDAAA) added new provisions to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the FD&C...

  18. Federal Support for University Education and Research. A Report of a Review by the Standing Advisory Committee of the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada, Ottawa (Ontario).

    This report briefly reviews the history of federal support of higher education in Canada and then turns, in Part II, to an overview of several factors which contribute to uncertainty over the future of federal support. It concentrates on mechanisms for federal support, and though it does not advocate a single funding option, it proposes several…

  19. Federal Indian Law Internet Tools: "Indian Territory Cases" at the Oklahoma State Courts Network and Kappler's "Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties" at the Oklahoma State University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bernholz, Charles D.

    2004-01-01

    In a thorough analysis of researching the regulation of the banking industry in the United States, Zoller (2000) demonstrated a number of paths among federal documents of various agencies within the Department of the Treasury, including the legislation that created these entities, and to relevant online resources. This latter opportunity included…

  20. Relationship between chronotype and quality of sleep in medical students at the Federal University of Paraiba, Brazil

    PubMed Central

    Rique, Gabriela Lemos Negri; Fernandes Filho, Gilson Mauro Costa; Ferreira, Amanda Dantas Cavalcante; de Sousa-Muñoz, Rilva Lopes

    2014-01-01

    Objective The aim of this study was to identify chronotypes of medical students at the Federal University of Paraíba (UFPB) and its relationship to quality of sleep, daytime sleepiness, age, sex and season of birth. Methods The final sample consisted of 221 students, assessed by four questionnaires: demographic questionnaire, Morningness–Eveningness Questionnaire (MEQ), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality lndex (PSQI) and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS). Results There was a statistically significant difference between groups with respect to chronotypes and PSQI score (p<0.0005), but not with excessive daytime sleepiness. A significant negative correlation was found between the scores of MEQ and PSQI (rho=−0.3, p<0.0005), demonstrating that the greater the eveningness, the worse the sleep quality. It was observed that 51.6% of students were classified as indifferent chronotype, 61.5% had poor quality of sleep, while 42.1% had excessive daytime sleepiness. Sex and season at birth did not differ between chronotypes. Conclusion These findings demonstrate that the evening chronotype was associated with poor quality of sleep in medical students, but not with increased daytime sleepiness, with potential impairment to their academic performance and quality of life. PMID:26483910

  1. The university-promoted patent at the crossroads of the research results and immediate industrial use.

    PubMed

    Doddoli, R

    2007-02-01

    The departments, indeed the laboratories of the public research institutions, no longer are satisfied with displaying a certain number of annual scientific publications meant to highlight their expertise and know-how. In effect, for some years now, a new trend has been in vogue: stimulated by all the national and international public bodies, they are calling increasingly on the "patent pending" solution to make optimum use of the results of specific researches on the one hand and, on the other hand, to assert their excellence vis-à-vis the Ministry of Research of their country which is supposed to finance them. However, caught up in the euphoria of the research results, and lost in their formulae and practices, these researchers lose sight of the basis for a patent and its real reason for being (patent charter). A patent necessarily must be of service to the community, that is to say that essentially it must contribute to the improvement of the quality of life of the population. To achieve this goal, going through certain stages is a must, namely that to start with a patent must be absolutely profitable to industry in order that, subsequently, it be consistent with its being of service to the community. In this context, its validity is set at 10 years renewable for another 10 years based on specific parameters as stipulated by the national and international patent institutions, indeed by the EPO (European Patent Office) the headquarters of which is in Munich. Its use by industry ensures proceeds for 10, even 20 years and must represent the material fruit of the applicant's effort. Beyond this period, the patent becomes public and therefore available to everyone. But the crucial problem is this: when can a patent really be used and how to do so as best as possible to guarantee profits for both parties involved and thus justify its reason for being? The purpose of this work thus is to incite university researchers to think about the real usefulness of a patent on the one hand and, on the other hand, to ponder over the best way of using, in close cooperation with industry, the fruit of the research and the registering of the patent, both financed by public funds. For the latter, owing to their nature, demand that there be no wastage and cautious management thereof. PMID:16890015

  2. Efficient GO2/GH2 Injector Design: A NASA, Industry and University Cooperative Effort

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tucker, P. K.; Klem, M. D.; Fisher, S. C.; Santoro, R. J.

    1997-01-01

    Developing new propulsion components in the face of shrinking budgets presents a significant challenge. The technical, schedule and funding issues common to any design/development program are complicated by the ramifications of the continuing decrease in funding for the aerospace industry. As a result, new working arrangements are evolving in the rocket industry. This paper documents a successful NASA, industry, and university cooperative effort to design efficient high performance GO2/GH2 rocket injector elements in the current budget environment. The NASA Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV) Program initially consisted of three vehicle/engine concepts targeted at achieving single stage to orbit. One of the Rocketdyne propulsion concepts, the RS 2100 engine, used a full-flow staged-combustion cycle. Therefore, the RS 2100 main injector would combust GO2/GH 2 propellants. Early in the design phase, but after budget levels and contractual arrangements had been set the limitations of the current gas/gas injector database were identified. Most of the relevant information was at least twenty years old. Designing high performance injectors to meet the RS 2100 requirements would require the database to be updated and significantly enhanced. However, there was no funding available to address the need for more data. NASA proposed a teaming arrangement to acquire the updated information without additional funds from the RLV Program. A determination of the types and amounts of data needed was made along with test facilities with capabilities to meet the data requirements, budget constraints, and schedule. After several iterations a program was finalized and a team established to satisfy the program goals. The Gas/Gas Injector Technology (GGIT) Program had the overall goal of increasing the ability of the rocket engine community to design efficient high-performance, durable gas/gas injectors relevant to RLV requirements. First, the program would provide Rocketdyne with data on preliminary gas/gas injector designs which would enable discrimination among candidate injector designs. Secondly, the program would enhance the national gas/gas database by obtaining high-quality data that increases the understanding of gas/gas injector physics and is suitable for computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code validation. The third program objective was to validate CFD codes for future gas/gas injector design in the RLV program.

  3. Role of University-Industry-Government Linkages in the Innovation Processes of a Small Catching-Up Economy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Varblane, Urmas; Mets, Tonis; Ukrainski, Kadri

    2008-01-01

    During the transformation process from a command economy, the extraordinary statist university-industry-government (UIG) linkages model was replaced by an extreme version of laissez-faire relationships. A more modern interaction-based UIG model could be implemented only by changing the whole national innovation system of catching-up economies. The…

  4. Role of University-Industry-Government Linkages in the Innovation Processes of a Small Catching-Up Economy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Varblane, Urmas; Mets, Tonis; Ukrainski, Kadri

    2008-01-01

    During the transformation process from a command economy, the extraordinary statist university-industry-government (UIG) linkages model was replaced by an extreme version of laissez-faire relationships. A more modern interaction-based UIG model could be implemented only by changing the whole national innovation system of catching-up economies. The

  5. The Role of Diaspora in University-Industry Relationships in Globalised Knowledge Economy: The Case of Palestine

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sharabati-Shahin, Mervat H. N.; Thiruchelvam, K.

    2013-01-01

    University-industry (U-I) linkage is not a new concept. Although there are models for such linkage that have been tested or used, they may remain unsuitable in certain countries and communities. With the unique situation of the Palestinians, the existing models may fall short of meeting the specific needs and targets of establishing such a…

  6. Exploring the Mechanisms of Knowledge Transfer in University-Industry Collaborations: A Study of Companies, Students and Researchers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nielsen, Christian; Cappelen, Katja

    2014-01-01

    This article discusses mechanisms, enablers and barriers for knowledge transfer in university-industry collaboration projects involving companies, students and researchers. Data is collected through 35 qualitative interviews with Danish and Norwegian representatives from the above categories. All respondents have been involved in collaborative…

  7. A Typology of Research Training in University-Industry Collaboration: The Case of Life Sciences in Finland

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chiang, Kuang-Hsu

    2011-01-01

    This paper examines the educational implications of research collaboration between university and industry for the research training of doctoral students. It is concerned with the issues of how research training is constructed in such collaborations and what might be the effects of collaboration on doctoral students' learning. The study adopts a…

  8. When Triple Helix Unravels: A Multi-Case Analysis of Failures in Industry-University Cooperative Research Centres

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gray, Denis; Sundstrom, Eric; Tornatzky, Louis G.; McGowen, Lindsey

    2011-01-01

    Cooperative research centres (CRCs) increasingly foster Triple Helix (industry-university-government) collaboration and represent significant vehicles for cooperation across sectors, the promotion of knowledge and technology transfer and ultimately the acceleration of innovation. A growing social science literature on CRCs focuses on their

  9. The Role of Diaspora in University-Industry Relationships in Globalised Knowledge Economy: The Case of Palestine

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sharabati-Shahin, Mervat H. N.; Thiruchelvam, K.

    2013-01-01

    University-industry (U-I) linkage is not a new concept. Although there are models for such linkage that have been tested or used, they may remain unsuitable in certain countries and communities. With the unique situation of the Palestinians, the existing models may fall short of meeting the specific needs and targets of establishing such a

  10. The One-Thousand-Dollar Alternative: How One University Structures a Fee-Based Information Service for Local Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cady, Susan A.; Richards, Berry G.

    1982-01-01

    Discusses the provision of subscription-based information services to business and industry by the Lehigh University Library. The types of services available, the rates charged for specific services, the importance of speed and confidentiality, and the relationship between the academic library and the business world are reviewed. (JL)

  11. When Triple Helix Unravels: A Multi-Case Analysis of Failures in Industry-University Cooperative Research Centres

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gray, Denis; Sundstrom, Eric; Tornatzky, Louis G.; McGowen, Lindsey

    2011-01-01

    Cooperative research centres (CRCs) increasingly foster Triple Helix (industry-university-government) collaboration and represent significant vehicles for cooperation across sectors, the promotion of knowledge and technology transfer and ultimately the acceleration of innovation. A growing social science literature on CRCs focuses on their…

  12. Science First: Contributions of a University-Industry Toxic Substances Research and Teaching Program to Economic Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bradshaw, Ted K.; Kennedy, Kevin M.; Davis, Paul R.; Lloyd, Larry L.; Gwebu, Nokuthula; Last, Jerold A.

    2003-01-01

    Describes how public policy establishing the University of California Toxic Substances Research and Teaching Program helped to establish the state's environmental technology industry. The multidisciplinary "science-push" program generated economic development benefits including leveraged research funding and at least 200 new private sector jobs,…

  13. Vugraph presentations of the fourth DOE Industry/University/Lab Forum on Robotics for Environmental Restoration and Waste Management

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-10-01

    This document is a compilation of various presentations from the Fourth DOE Industry/University/Lab Forum on Robotics for Environmental Restoration and Waste Management held in Albuquerque, New Mexico July 19--21, 1993. Separate abstracts were prepared for each presentation of this report.

  14. Community College Agreement between the Alaska Community Colleges' Federation of Teachers Local 2404, AFT, and the University of Alaska, April 1, 1984-March 31, 1987.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alaska Univ., Fairbanks.

    The collective bargaining agreement between the University of Alaska and the Alaska Community Colleges' Federation of Teachers, the exclusive bargaining agent for all statewide rural education learning center and community college faculty, is presented, covering the period between April 1, 1984 and March 31, 1987. The 13 articles in the agreement…

  15. The Gathering Storm: Federal Laws That Have a Serious Potential of Interfering with the Mission and Character of Evangelical Christian Colleges and Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davids, James A.

    2012-01-01

    In the early 1980s, the University of Notre Dame Law School's Center for Constitutional Studies surveyed 801 religiously affiliated colleges to determine which federal laws and regulations had a "serious potential" of interfering with the character and mission of the schools. From the 226 responses, the Center identified 11 issues,…

  16. Federal Support to Universities, Colleges, and Selected Nonprofit Institutions, Fiscal Year 1978. A Report to the President and Congress. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.

    Data are presented from a survey covering the period of October 1, 1977 through September 30, 1978. The figures given represent all obligations to institutions of higher education in the United States by 14 federal agencies. A summary analysis is given for three categories of data: those on colleges and universities in general,…

  17. The Gathering Storm: Federal Laws That Have a Serious Potential of Interfering with the Mission and Character of Evangelical Christian Colleges and Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davids, James A.

    2012-01-01

    In the early 1980s, the University of Notre Dame Law School's Center for Constitutional Studies surveyed 801 religiously affiliated colleges to determine which federal laws and regulations had a "serious potential" of interfering with the character and mission of the schools. From the 226 responses, the Center identified 11 issues,

  18. Collective Bargaining Agreement between Montana University System and the Northern Montana College Federation of Teachers, July 1, 1985-June 30, 1987.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montana Univ. System, Helena.

    The collective bargaining agreement between Montana University System and the Northern Montana College Federation of Teachers, an affiliate of the National Education Association, covering the period July 1, 1985-June 30, 1987, is presented. Items covered in the agreement include: unit recognition, dues deduction, access to information, use of…

  19. Federal Research Grants: Compensation Paid to Graduate Students at the University of California. Report to the Chairman, Committee on Commerce, House of Representatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hast, Robert H.

    This report presents findings of an investigation of the use of federal research and development grant funds by the University of California system in its payments to graduate student researchers (GSRs). Specifically, the study examined whether: (1) compensation paid to GSRs was in accordance with guidelines of the Office of Management and Budget;…

  20. FACTORS RELATED TO THE GRANTING OF COLLEGE-UNIVERSITY CREDIT FOR TRADE AND INDUSTRIAL EXPERIENCE IN INSTITUTIONS OFFERING INDUSTRIAL EDUCATION.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    LAUDA, DONALD PAUL

    THE OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY WERE TO (1) DETERMINE THE EXTENT OF GRANTING DEGREE CREDIT FOR TRADE AND INDUSTRIAL EXPERIENCE, (2) DETERMINE WHETHER OR NOT CREDIT GRANTING INSTITUTIONS CAN BE CLASSIFIED BY SELECTED TRAITS, (3) INVESTIGATE PROCEDURES, PREREQUISITES, AND TRANSFER REGULATIONS, AND (4) DEVELOP A RECOMMENDED PROCEDURE FOR GRANTING CREDIT.…

  1. Productive university, industry, and government relationships in preclinical drug discovery and development: considerations toward a synergistic lingua franca.

    PubMed

    Janero, David R

    2012-06-01

    Efficiency and productivity shortfalls conspire with subpar economic return to stigmatize the pharmaceutical industry and jeopardize its viability. This complex and costly innovation-to-commercialization failure, the formidable associated costs, and the relevance of various core competencies endemic to universities, the pharmaceutical industry, and government have been major drivers for establishing preclinical drug-discovery alliances involving these constituencies. Such cross-sector alliances have the potential to help restore at least some of the industry's former health by militating risk, enhancing productivity, and improving the quantity/quality of development candidates. This Editorial will highlight certain characteristics of pharma-industry and non-industrial settings that can jeopardize the effectiveness of these sectors for unified preclinical discovery campaigns capable of generating well-characterized drug candidates that merit human testing. Based on decades of research and development (R&D) and business experience spanning international big-pharma, biotechnology, and academic spheres, the author opines that a synergistic lingua franca is required among involved constituencies in order for such cross-sector discovery alliances to emerge as robust drug-discovery engines fueled by joint intellectual effort. Technology-transfer professionals, postdoctoral trainees, and consultants are discussed as resources for helping establish the university-industry-government triumvirate as a normative innovation network for preclinical drug discovery and development in the 21st century. PMID:22540843

  2. Federal Student Assistance Programs. Research Materials for the Annual Meeting [of the National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities/National Institute of Independent Colleges and Universities] (8th, Washington, DC, January 25-27, 1984).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Inst. of Independent Colleges and Universities, Washington, DC.

    A reference guide to federal student assistance programs is presented with a description and history of funding provided for each. For most programs, there is an analysis of the distribution of funding by sector, type of institution, and state. Information is also included on sources of revenue for public and private colleges and universities,…

  3. R&D in the Federal Budget: FY 1979, R&D, Industry, and the Economy. Research & Development, AAAS Report III.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shapley, Willis H.; Phillips, Don I.

    The federal government's budgeting process for allocating resources to research and development (R&D) is described. The report includes: (1) a review of the FY 1979 R&D budget; (2) a statistical overview of the budget and a critique of the administration's policies on R&D; (3) a general picture of R&D in industry; and (4) a discussion of some of

  4. Connecting Indigenous Ainu, University and Local Industry in Japan: The Urespa Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maeda, Koji; Okano, Kaori H.

    2013-01-01

    This paper examines how collaboration amongst university, indigenous community and private sector companies can promote Ainu participation in higher education, drawing on a case study of the Urespa Project in Sapporo University, Japan. In this project, the university offers scholarships to Ainu students, requiring them to take a special course in…

  5. Conceptual Framework for Structuring Future Agricultural Colleges and Universities in Industrial Countries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lieblein, G.; Francis, C.; King, J.

    2000-01-01

    Compares three models of agriculture in universities: (1) the current rigid departmentalized model; (2) the integrative university with cross-disciplinary linkages and information exchange with farmers; and (3) the active learning university with students and faculty integrated in the farming environment and two-way flow of knowledge and…

  6. Higher Education in Federal Systems. Proceedings of an International Colloquium (Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada, May 8-10, 1991).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Douglas, Ed.; And Others

    This volume contains the proceedings of an international colloquium on higher education in federal countries with complex divisions of responsibility for the many facets of higher education. The volume is organized in four parts. Part I contains one paper, "The Federal Context for Higher Education" by Ronald L. Watts and a description of the…

  7. Federal Science and Engineering Support to Universities, Colleges, and Nonprofit Institutions: FY 2007. Detailed Statistical Tables. NSF 09-315

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Science Foundation, 2009

    2009-01-01

    Institutions of higher education, the major source of the nation's scientists and engineers, perform about one-half of the nation's basic research. Therefore, the level, distribution, and characteristics of federal academic support are of much interest to officials at federal, state, and local levels and in nongovernmental sectors. The National…

  8. The Liability of Colleges and Universities for Fraud, Waste, and Abuse in Federally Funded Grants and Projects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gordon, Steven D.

    1996-01-01

    The federal government's war on fraud, waste, and abuse in expenditure of federal funds has reached college campuses. Institutions that fail to heed this development are vulnerable to harsh sanctions. They must tighten accounting practices and recognize their liability for fraudulent practices of faculty and students. Internal investigations and…

  9. Proposals for the Future Development of the Russian Automated Federal Information System for Nuclear Material Control and Accounting: The Universal Reporting Concept

    SciTech Connect

    Martiyanov, A; Pitel, V; Kasumova, L; Babcock, R; Heinberg, C

    2004-06-17

    Development of the automated Russian Federation Federal Information System for Nuclear Material Control and Accounting (FIS) started in 1996. From the beginning, the creation of the FIS was based on the concept of obtaining data from the material balance areas of the organizations, which would enable the system to collect detailed information on nuclear material. In December 2000, the organization-level summarized reporting method was mandated by the Russian Federation and subsequently implemented for all organizations. Analysis of long-term FIS objectives, reporting by all the MBAs in Russia, showed that the present summarized reporting approach decreed by regulations posed a fair number of problems. We need alternative methods that allow the FIS to obtain more detailed information on nuclear material but which accurately reflect the technical and economic resources available to Russian organizations. One possible solution is the universal reporting method. In August 2003, the proposals of the FIS working group to transition to the universal reporting method were approved at the fourth meeting of the Joint Coordinating Committee for Implementation of the Russian Federation and U.S. Government-to-Government Agreement on Cooperation in the Area of Nuclear Material Physical Protection, Control and Accounting (JCC). One of the important elements of universal reporting is that organizations handling nuclear material will establish 'reporting areas' in cooperation with MinAtom of Russia. A reporting area may consist of one MBA, several MBAs, or even an entire organization. This paper will discuss the universal reporting concept and its major objectives and methods for the FIS.

  10. Proposals for the Future Development of the Russian Automated Federal Information System for Nuclear Material Control and Accounting: The Universal Reporting Concept

    SciTech Connect

    Martyanov, Alexander; Pitel, Victor; Kasumova, Leila; Babcock, Rose A.; Heinberg, Cynthia L.

    2004-08-01

    Development of the automated Russian Federation Federal Information System for Nuclear Material Control and Accounting (FIS) started in 1996. From the beginning, the creation of the FIS was based on the concept of obtaining data from the material balance areas of the organizations, which would enable the system to collect detailed information on nuclear material. In December 2000, the organization-level summarized reporting method was mandated by the Russian Federation and subsequently implemented for all organizations. Analysis of long-term FIS objectives, reporting by all the MBAs in Russia, showed that the present summarized reporting approach decreed by regulations posed a fair number of problems. We need alternative methods that allow the FIS to obtain more detailed information on nuclear material but which accurately reflect the technical and economic resources available to Russian organizations. One possible solution is the universal reporting method. In August 2003, the proposals of the FIS working group to transition to the universal reporting method were approved at the fourth meeting of the Joint Coordinating Committee for Implementation of the Russian Federation and U.S. Government-to-Government Agreement on Cooperation in the Area of Nuclear Material Physical Protection, Control and Accounting (JCC). One of the important elements of universal reporting is that organizations handling nuclear material will establish “reporting areas” in cooperation with MinAtom of Russia. A reporting area may consist of one MBA, several MBAs, or even an entire organization. This paper will discuss the universal reporting concept and its major objectives and methods for the FIS.

  11. The Public Utilities Regulatory Policy Act (PURPA) and US Geothermal Industry: Current controversies and trends in federal and state implementation

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1988-09-01

    This report is an analysis of the issues confronting US energy policymakers and the US geothermal industry as the result of the implementation and interpretation of the 1978 Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act, commonly known as PURPA. It seeks to answer four sets of questions about PURPA: (1) What has the existence of PURPA meant to the US geothermal industry. (2) How has the interpretation of PURPA evolved over the past decade. (3) What particular portions of PURPA rule making have been most crucial to the growth and development of the geothermal industry. (4) What aspects of PURPA have been most troubling to utilities purchasing or developing geothermal energy.

  12. Industry

    SciTech Connect

    Bernstein, Lenny; Roy, Joyashree; Delhotal, K. Casey; Harnisch, Jochen; Matsuhashi, Ryuji; Price, Lynn; Tanaka, Kanako; Worrell, Ernst; Yamba, Francis; Fengqi, Zhou; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Gielen, Dolf; Joosen, Suzanne; Konar, Manaswita; Matysek, Anna; Miner, Reid; Okazaki, Teruo; Sanders, Johan; Sheinbaum Parado, Claudia

    2007-12-01

    This chapter addresses past, ongoing, and short (to 2010) and medium-term (to 2030) future actions that can be taken to mitigate GHG emissions from the manufacturing and process industries. Globally, and in most countries, CO{sub 2} accounts for more than 90% of CO{sub 2}-eq GHG emissions from the industrial sector (Price et al., 2006; US EPA, 2006b). These CO{sub 2} emissions arise from three sources: (1) the use of fossil fuels for energy, either directly by industry for heat and power generation or indirectly in the generation of purchased electricity and steam; (2) non-energy uses of fossil fuels in chemical processing and metal smelting; and (3) non-fossil fuel sources, for example cement and lime manufacture. Industrial processes also emit other GHGs, e.g.: (1) Nitrous oxide (N{sub 2}O) is emitted as a byproduct of adipic acid, nitric acid and caprolactam production; (2) HFC-23 is emitted as a byproduct of HCFC-22 production, a refrigerant, and also used in fluoroplastics manufacture; (3) Perfluorocarbons (PFCs) are emitted as byproducts of aluminium smelting and in semiconductor manufacture; (4) Sulphur hexafluoride (SF{sub 6}) is emitted in the manufacture, use and, decommissioning of gas insulated electrical switchgear, during the production of flat screen panels and semiconductors, from magnesium die casting and other industrial applications; (5) Methane (CH{sub 4}) is emitted as a byproduct of some chemical processes; and (6) CH{sub 4} and N{sub 2}O can be emitted by food industry waste streams. Many GHG emission mitigation options have been developed for the industrial sector. They fall into three categories: operating procedures, sector-wide technologies and process-specific technologies. A sampling of these options is discussed in Sections 7.2-7.4. The short- and medium-term potential for and cost of all classes of options are discussed in Section 7.5, barriers to the application of these options are addressed in Section 7.6 and the implication of industrial mitigation for sustainable development is discussed in Section 7.7. Section 7.8 discusses the sector's vulnerability to climate change and options for adaptation. A number of policies have been designed either to encourage voluntary GHG emission reductions from the industrial sector or to mandate such reductions. Section 7.9 describes these policies and the experience gained to date. Co-benefits of reducing GHG emissions from the industrial sector are discussed in Section 7.10. Development of new technology is key to the cost-effective control of industrial GHG emissions. Section 7.11 discusses research, development, deployment and diffusion in the industrial sector and Section 7.12, the long-term (post-2030) technologies for GHG emissions reduction from the industrial sector. Section 7.13 summarizes gaps in knowledge.

  13. National R & D Policy: An Industrial Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmitt, Roland W.

    1984-01-01

    An analysis of how the government can and cannot use research and development (R&D) policy to improve the nation's industrial posture suggests four guidelines for federal R&D policy. These guidelines are outlined and discussed. Areas analyzed include federal role; competition from Japan; support for university research, immigration policy, and…

  14. Federal laboratories for the 21st century

    SciTech Connect

    Gover, J.; Huray, P.G.

    1998-04-01

    Federal laboratories have successfully filled many roles for the public; however, as the 21st Century nears it is time to rethink and reevaluate how Federal laboratories can better support the public and identify new roles for this class of publicly-owned institutions. The productivity of the Federal laboratory system can be increased by making use of public outcome metrics, by benchmarking laboratories, by deploying innovative new governance models, by partnerships of Federal laboratories with universities and companies, and by accelerating the transition of federal laboratories and the agencies that own them into learning organizations. The authors must learn how government-owned laboratories in other countries serve their public. Taiwan`s government laboratory, Industrial Technology Research Institute, has been particularly successful in promoting economic growth. It is time to stop operating Federal laboratories as monopoly institutions; therefore, competition between Federal laboratories must be promoted. Additionally, Federal laboratories capable of addressing emerging 21st century public problems must be identified and given the challenge of serving the public in innovative new ways. Increased investment in case studies of particular programs at Federal laboratories and research on the public utility of a system of Federal laboratories could lead to increased productivity of laboratories. Elimination of risk-averse Federal laboratory and agency bureaucracies would also have dramatic impact on the productivity of the Federal laboratory system. Appropriately used, the US Federal laboratory system offers the US an innovative advantage over other nations.

  15. Competing for Pharmaceutical Industry Funds: Planning Issues for University Research Managers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldberg, Gary; And Others

    1987-01-01

    University research managers can take the lead role in strategic planning statements. As they relate to the development of capability statements, specific planning issues concerning research personnel and management support services are examined. Examples of how university research managers can use capability statements for marketing are…

  16. Systems and Strategies at the University of Technology, Jamaica to Strengthen the Education/Industry Interface.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Zubaidy, Sarim; George, Nancy A.

    Since 1995, when the College of Arts, Science, and Technology (CAST) became the University of Technology, Jamaica (UTech), it has been working to integrate the best features of CAST's polytechnic tradition with the academic and research culture necessary in a university. Central to CAST's success has been its partnerships with business and…

  17. Industry-University Research in Florida: Incentives, Barriers, and Prospects. A Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paulson, Steven K.; And Others

    A project to assess the range of incentives and programs to establish more extensive research relationships between business firms and the Florida State University System (SUS) is described. The focus was research and development in the high-technology areas. Information was sought on incentives and barriers affecting business-university research…

  18. Innovative Ways of Teaching Polymerization Reaction Engineering: Exchanging Information between the University and Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Soares, Joao B. P.; Penlidis, Alexander; Hamielec, Archie E.

    1998-01-01

    Describes how interaction with several polymer manufacturing companies through industrial short courses and research projects has led to the development of dynamic and up-to-date undergraduate and graduate curriculums in polymer science and engineering technology. (DDR)

  19. Asynchronous Training in Pharmaceutical Manufacturing: A Model for University and Industrial Collaboration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elliot, Norbert; Haggerty, Blake; Foster, Mary; Spak, Gale

    2008-01-01

    The present study documents the results of a 17-month program to train Cardinal Health Pharmaceutical Technology Services (PTS) employees in an innovative model that combines investigative and writing techniques. Designed to address the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) for the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the program is a…

  20. Beyond knowledge transfer: The social construction of autonomous academic science in university-industry agricultural biotechnology research collaborations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Biscotti, Dina Louise

    Autonomy is a social product. Although some might view autonomy as the absence of social interference in individual action, it is in fact produced through social institutions. It enables social actors to act; it is the justification for the allocation of enormous public resources into institutions classified as "public" or "nonprofit;" it can lead to innovation; and, significantly, it is key to the public acceptance of new technologies. In this dissertation, I analyze the social construction of autonomy for academic science in U.S. university-industry agricultural biotechnology research collaborations. University-industry relationships (UIRs) are a site of concern about the influence of commercial interests on academic science. Agricultural biotechnology is a contentious technology that has prompted questions about the ecological and public health implications of genetically-modified plants and animals. It has also spurred awareness of the industrialization of agriculture and accelerating corporate control of the global food system. Through analysis of in-depth interviews with over 200 scientists and administrators from nine U.S. research universities and thirty agricultural biotechnology companies, I find that both the academy and industry have a vested interest in the social construction of the academy as an autonomous space from which claims to objective, disinterested scientific knowledge can be made. These claims influence government regulation, as well as grower and public acceptance of agricultural biotechnology products. I argue that the social production of autonomy for academic science can be observed in narratives and practices related to: (1) the framing of when, how and why academic scientists collaborate with industry, (2) the meanings ascribed to and the uses deemed appropriate for industry monies in academic research, and (3) the dissemination of research results into the public domain through publications and patents. These narratives and practices constitute relational work and professional and organizational identity work. By elucidating the ongoing relational and identity work of UIR participants in the social construction of autonomous academic science, I seek to make the interdependencies between the state, experts and private economic interests more visible, specifically in terms of their collective interest in the status and public credibility of academic science.

  1. A Guide to Federal Education Programs That Can Fund K-12 Universal Prevention and Social and Emotional Learning Activities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rentner, Diane Stark; Price, Olga Acosta

    2014-01-01

    Federal education funding has often been overlooked by districts in search of sources of support for prevention. This guide is intended to help school districts take advantage of those funds by identifying K-12 grant programs in the U.S. Department of Education (ED) that could be used to implement prevention efforts in elementary and secondary…

  2. Federal Science and Engineering Support to Universities, Colleges, and Nonprofit Institutions: Fiscal Year 1999. Detailed Statistical Tables.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Science Foundation, Arlington, VA.

    This document presents statistical data of direct federal science and engineering support to higher education institutions in the United States. Data presented in the report are collected annually and exclude financial support of an indirect nature. There are six categories of support presented: (1) "Research and Development"; (2) "Research and

  3. Long-Term Support for High-Volume Manufacturing Industry: The Centre for Achievement in Manufacturing and Management, University of Sunderland, UK.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilcock, Dennis; Terry, Brian

    1996-01-01

    A unique partnership of industry, government, and the University of Sunderland involves a holistic approach to manufacturing, integrating efficiency with quality of life for a profitable and sustainable competitive advantage. (SK)

  4. Work-Based Research Degrees: Systematic Cultivation through a University-Industry Network Space

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sense, Andrew J.

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to expound on an innovative approach to cultivating work-based Doctorates and Masters of Philosophy degrees, which involves close collaboration between industry organisations and a tertiary institution. This paper also reports on an examination of the programme's structural ability to help develop the learning…

  5. Industrial Education Programs for the Deaf: Examples from the Model Secondary School at Gallaudet University.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Linnell, Charles C.

    1989-01-01

    The deaf student can excel in industrial education programs through a competent and challenging curriculum and a teacher's stimulating presentation of course content. Deaf students have talents and abilities that often remain untapped until appropriate avenues of communication are opened to them. (Author)

  6. University-Industry Partnership: An Important Cornerstone for Puerto Rico's Biotechnology Cluster Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saliceti-Piazza, L.; Buxeda, R.; Rivera, E.; Hormaza, M.; Morell, L.

    2003-01-01

    Successful knowledge-based economic models rely on synergy between government, industry and academia. This paper reviews the efforts to convert the island of Puerto Rico from a manufacturing to a high-tech manufacturing/research and development economy, with information technology and biotechnology as the main development strongholds. The…

  7. Understanding Universities in Ontario, Canada: An Industry Analysis Using Porter's Five Forces Framework

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pringle, James; Huisman, Jeroen

    2011-01-01

    In analyses of higher education systems, many models and frameworks are based on governance, steering, or coordination models. Although much can be gained by such analyses, we argue that the language used in the present-day policy documents (knowledge economy, competitive position, etc.) calls for an analysis of higher education as an industry. In…

  8. A NASA/University/Industry Consortium for Research on Aircraft Ice Protection

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zumwalt, Glen W.

    1989-01-01

    From 1982 through 1987, an unique consortium was functioning which involved government (NASA), academia (Wichita State Univ.) and twelve industries. The purpose was the development of a better ice protection systems for aircraft. The circumstances which brought about this activity are described, the formation and operation recounted, and the effectiveness of the ventue evaluated.

  9. The Endicott Report. Trends in the Employment of College and University Graduates in Business and Industry, 1980. Thirty-Fourth Annual Report. A Survey of 170 Well-known Business and Industrial Concerns.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Endicott, Frank S.

    The 34th annual survey of policy and practice in the employment of college and university graduates in business and industry reports responses received from 170 companies. Surveys were returned during October and November 1979. The major purpose of the report is to supply information of interest to colleges and universities as well as employers.…

  10. Universal Tool Grinder Operator Instructor's Guide. Part of Single-Tool Skills Program Machine Industries Occupations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Div. of Curriculum Development.

    The document is an instructor's guide for a course on universal tool grinder operation. The course is designed to train people in making complicated machine setups and precision in the grinding operations and, although intended primarily for adult learners, it can be adapted for high school use. The guide is divided into three parts: (1) the…

  11. Beneath the Tip of the Iceberg: Exploring the Multiple Forms of University-Industry Linkages

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ramos-Vielba, Irene; Fernandez-Esquinas, Manuel

    2012-01-01

    This article focuses on the wide variety of channels through which the process of knowledge transfer occurs. The overall objective is to show the complexity of relationships between researchers and firms in a university system, and to identify some specific factors that influence such interactions. Our case study involves a face-to-face survey of

  12. Beneath the Tip of the Iceberg: Exploring the Multiple Forms of University-Industry Linkages

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ramos-Vielba, Irene; Fernandez-Esquinas, Manuel

    2012-01-01

    This article focuses on the wide variety of channels through which the process of knowledge transfer occurs. The overall objective is to show the complexity of relationships between researchers and firms in a university system, and to identify some specific factors that influence such interactions. Our case study involves a face-to-face survey of…

  13. The Cluster Concept Program Developed by the University of Maryland, Industrial Education Department.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kratochvil, Daniel W.; Thompson, Lorna J.

    This report, one of 21 case studies, describes the history of a recent educational product. The Cluster Concept Program, developed at the University of Maryland, is directed toward the preparation of individuals for entrance into a spectrum of occupations. Three clusters of occupations are included: (1) Construction, (2) Electro-Mechanical…

  14. Promoting Environmental Citizenship and Corporate Social Responsibility through a School/Industry/University Partnership

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gebbels, Susan; Evans, Stewart M.; Delany, Jane E.

    2011-01-01

    A partnership was formed between King Edward VI School Morpeth (UK) and the pharmaceutical company Merck, Sharp and Dohme within the programme of "Joint Responsibility" operated by the Dove Marine Laboratory (Newcastle University, UK). Pupils surveyed an ecologically important coastal area in northeast England and made 15 recommendations for its

  15. Organizing the "Productive Transformation of Knowledge": Linking University and Industry in Traditional Manufacturing Areas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balduzzi, Giacomo; Rostan, Michele

    2016-01-01

    The article aims at underlining the role played by extra-academic and autonomous organizations strongly connected with university institutions and researchers in producing, acquiring, transferring and transforming knowledge. The study examines a particular Italian case, the "Politecnico Calzaturiero", a private institution providing…

  16. Promoting Environmental Citizenship and Corporate Social Responsibility through a School/Industry/University Partnership

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gebbels, Susan; Evans, Stewart M.; Delany, Jane E.

    2011-01-01

    A partnership was formed between King Edward VI School Morpeth (UK) and the pharmaceutical company Merck, Sharp and Dohme within the programme of "Joint Responsibility" operated by the Dove Marine Laboratory (Newcastle University, UK). Pupils surveyed an ecologically important coastal area in northeast England and made 15 recommendations for its…

  17. Industry/University Cooperative Programs. Proceedings of a Workshop Held in Conjunction with the Annual Meeting of the Council of Graduate Schools in the United States (20th, Las Vegas, Nevada, December 2, 1980).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council of Graduate Schools in the U.S., Washington, DC.

    Proceedings of a 1980 workshop on industry/university cooperative programs are presented. Program presentations and authors include: "On Industry/Academia Relations" (T. Baron); "The MIT Liaison Program" (J. D. Bruce); "An Industrial Perspective of Academic Programs" (R. Fuller); "University/Industry Interactions through 'Centers'" (R. L.…

  18. Site selection and preliminary evaluation of potential solar-industrial-process-heat applications for federal buildings in Texas

    SciTech Connect

    Branz, M A

    1980-09-30

    The potential for solr process heat applications for federal buildings in Texas is assessed. The three sites considered are Reese Air Force Base, Lubbock; Fort Bliss, El Paso; and Dyess Air Force Base, Abilene. The application at Lubbock is an electroplating and descaling facility for aircraft maintenance. The one at El Paso is a laundry facility. The Abilene system would use solar heat to preheat boiler feedwater makeup for the base hospital boiler plant. The Lubbock site is found to be the most appropriate one for a demonstration plant, with the Abilene site as an alternate. The processes at each site are described. A preliminary evaluation of the potential contribution by solar energy to the electroplating facility at Reese AFB is included. (LEW)

  19. H.R. 2877: A Bill to require the Secretary of the Interior to determine the impact of leasing Federal lands for coal mining, on the existing mining industry prior to issuing Federal coal mining leases, and for other purposes. Introduced in the House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, First Session, August 5, 1993

    SciTech Connect

    1993-12-31

    The report H.R. 2877 is a bill to require the Secretary of the Interior to determine the impact of leasing Federal lands for coal mining, on the existing mining industry prior to issuing Federal coal mining leases. The proposed legislative text is included.

  20. Renewing the Federal Government-University Research Partnership for the 21st Century. NSTC Presidential Review Directive, No. 4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of Science and Technology Policy, Washington, DC. National Science and Technology Council.

    This report presents the results of a review of the government-university partnership in research and associated educational activities undertaken by a multi-agency task force under the auspices of the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC), focusing on ways to strengthen this partnership. The task force solicited the views of…

  1. Federal Highway Administration University Course on Bicycle and Pedestrian Transportation. Publication No. FHWA-HRT-05-133

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turner, Shawn; Sandt, Laura; Toole, Jennifer; Benz, Robert; Patten, Robert

    2006-01-01

    This "Student Workbook" contains 24 lessons of resource material that is intended for use in university courses on bicycle and pedestrian transportation. The lessons span a wide range of topics including an introduction to bicycling and walking issues, planning and designing for bicycle and pedestrian facilities, and supporting elements and…

  2. Seismology examined at university

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Herrmann, Robert B.; Thiruvathukal, John V.

    1988-03-01

    The early 1980s were a time of introspection and restructuring for universities. Faced with demographic projections indicating a decrease in university enrollment during the 1980s, many universities raised the possibility of cutting back on programs and faculty in order to survive into the 1990s, when the next mini-baby boom is expected.This period was also marked by changes in emphasis in federally funded research, as well as by new initiatives in the Earth sciences. Industry requirements for trained seismologists were very high initially but were substantially reduced in later years.

  3. Climate Science Centers: An "Existence Theorem" for a Federal-University Partnership to Develop Actionable and Needs-Driven Science Agendas

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moore, B., III

    2014-12-01

    Climate Science Centers: An "Existence Theorem" for a Federal-University Partnership to Develop Actionable and Needs-Driven Science Agendas. Berrien Moore III (University of Oklahoma) The South Central Climate Science Center (CSC) is one of eight regional centers established by the Department of the Interior (DoI) under Secretarial Order 3289 to address the impacts of climate change on America's water, land, and other natural and cultural resources. Under DoI leadership and funding, these CSCs will provide scientific information tools and techniques to study impacts of climate change synthesize and integrate climate change impact data develop tools that the DoI managers and partners can use when managing the DOI's land, water, fish and wildlife, and cultural heritage resources (emphasis added) The network of Climate Science Centers will provide decision makers with the science, tools, and information they need to address the impacts of climate variability and change on their areas of responsibility. Note from Webster, a tool is a device for doing work; it makes outcomes more realizable and more cost effective, and, in a word, better. Prior to the existence of CSCs, the university and federal scientific world certainly contained a large "set" of scientists with considerable strength in the physical, biological, natural, and social sciences to address the complexities and interdisciplinary nature of the challenges in the areas of climate variability, change, impacts, and adaptation. However, this set of scientists were hardly an integrated community let alone a focused team, but rather a collection of distinguished researchers, educators, and practitioners that were working with disparate though at times linked objectives, and they were rarely aligning themselves formally to an overarching strategic pathway. In addition, data, models, research results, tools, and products were generally somewhat "disconnected" from the broad range of stakeholders. I should note also that NOAA's Regional Integrated Sciences and Assessments ( RISA) program is an earlier "Existence Theorem" for a Federal-University Partnership to Develop Actionable and Needs-Driven Science Agendas. This contribution will discuss the important cultural shift that has flowed from Secretarial Order 3289.

  4. [Work conditions and professional profiles of nutritionists who graduated from the Ouro Preto Federal University, Minas Gerais State, Brazil: 1994 - 2001].

    PubMed

    Rodrigues, Karla Meneses; Peres, Frederico; Waissmann, William

    2007-01-01

    The study presents the professional profiles and work conditions of nutritionists who graduated from the Ouro Preto Federal University, Minas Gerais State, Brazil, in their various spheres of action. A quanti-qualitative approach was adopted through questionnaires completed by all professionals graduating from this University between 1994 and 2001 (N=356), in addition to semi-structured interviews with fourteen professionals selected from the universe of the respondents (n=90). An analysis of these questionnaires showed that 67% of them work with Clinical Nutrition, 44% with Collective Nutrition, 14% with Education Programs and 11% with Social Nutrition. Most (57%) of the respondents expressed the desire to remain in the field where they were working. Among those wishing to move into a different area, 44.5% work with Collective Nutrition. Despite clearly precarious employment links, Clinical Nutrition is the field with the largest number of professionals satisfied with their work conditions. The findings of this study explore the work conditions of a group of nutritionists for whom job stability is not always the main factor for professional satisfaction. PMID:17680160

  5. Practical English Education for Natural Science and Technology through the Academic-Industrial Cooperation in Gunma University

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shinozuka, Kazuo

    English education for specific purpose (ESP) , particularly for the field of natural sciences and technologies, has been attracting great interests in Japan because of the growing demands of the ability to use English in working place to the graduates in the filed. In Gunma University, we have launched a new style of ESP program tilted as “Collaboration between Academic and Industrial Sectors for Practical English Education” as a part of Good Practice Program supported by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology, Japan (MEXT) since 2006. The program aims to steam up the ability of students to use English through a variety of activities including the presentation of scientific topics in English in a regular class work and the pseudo-conversation (role-playing) style training in a non-regular class work.

  6. The flexibilization of employment relationships in the health sector: the reality in a Federal University Hospital in Brazil.

    PubMed

    Alves, Sheila Maria Parreira; Coelho, Maria Carlota de Rezende; Borges, Luiz Henrique; Cruz, César Albenes de Mendonça; Massaroni, Leila; Maciel, Paulete Maria Ambrósio

    2015-10-01

    This was a socio-historical study that aimed to analyze the repercussions of the flexibilization of labor relationships within a University hospital (UH) using the thematic oral history method and triangulation of sources made up of workers' statements, institutional documents and relevant literature. It was observed that flexibilization, driven by state reform in the 1990s, had a structural impact on the trajectory of this institution, that, due to government downsizing policy, adopted outsourcing to maintain staff, leading to high staff turnover, various types of conflicts, and discontinuity and lack of organization of work processes. We conclude that the flexibilization of employment relationships became a handicap for this UH, disrupting services, negatively affecting students and service users, contributing to the deterioration of working conditions and lack of protection of workers. PMID:26465847

  7. CSU-FDA (Colorado State University-Federal Drug Administration) collaborative radiological health laboratory, 1981. Annual report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1983-07-01

    The Collaborative Radiological Health Laboratory (CRHL) was established in 1962 by the U.S. Public Health Service and Colorado State University for the purpose of determining in a carefully controlled experiment the lifetime hazards associated with prenatal and early postnatal exposure to ionizing radiation. The CRHL study is designed to provide information that will facilitate the evaluation of risks to humans from medical exposure during early development. The study is a long-term (lifespan) study of a moderately large and long-lived mammal exposed at one of several times during development to a relatively small and discrete dose of external radiation. Ages at irradiation selected for comparison reflect the primary concern with medical exposures during the developmental period. The basic experiment under this contract contains 1680 beagles that will be maintained and evaluated for most of their natural lives. Commitment of animals began in December 1967 and was completed in October 1972. This annual report summarizes the current status of the study for the reporting period of January 1 through December 31, 1981.

  8. Interagency collaboration in the Rocky Mountains and Great Plains: Federal-university climate service networks for producing actionable information for climate change adaptation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ray, A. J.; McNie, E.; Averyt, K.; Morisette, J. T.; Derner, J. D.; Ojima, D. S.; Dilling, L.; Barsugli, J. J.

    2014-12-01

    Several federal agencies in north-central United States are each working to develop and disseminate useful climate information to enhance resilience to climate change. This talk will discuss how the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) the North Central Climate Science Center, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Western Water Assessment RISA, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture Climate Hub, are building and managing a collaborative research and climate-service network in the Rocky Mountains and Great Plains. This presentation will describe the evolution of the interagency collaboration and the partnership with universities to build a climate service network. Such collaboration takes time and intention and must include the right people and organizations to effectively bridge the gap between use-inspired research and application. In particular, we will discuss a focus on the Upper Missouri Basin, developing research to meet needs in a basin that has had relatively less attention on risks of climate change and adaptation to those risks. Each organization has its own mission, stakeholders, and priorities, but there are many commonalities and potential synergies. Together, these organizations, and their agency scientists and university partners, are fostering cross-agency collaboration at the regional scale to optimize efficient allocation of resources while simultaneously enabling information to be generated at a scale that is relevant to decision makers. By each organization knowing the others needs and priorities, there are opportunities to craft research agendas and strategies for providing services that take advantage of the strengths and skills of the different organizations. University partners are key components of each organization, and of the collaboration, who bring in expertise beyond that in the agencies, in particular connections to social scientists, extension services.

  9. Trends in the Employment of College and University Graduates in Business and Industry, 1983. Thirty-Seventh Annual Report. A Survey of 251 Well-Known Business and Industrial Concerns. The Northwestern Endicott Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lindquist, Victor R.

    Policy and practice in the employment of college and university graduates in business and industry were investigated in 1982 with a sample of 251 well-known companies. All but a few were national, large or medium-sized corporations representing 29 states and Washington, DC. Almost half of the respondents stated that business was worse in 1982, 25…

  10. Training Teachers to Use Technology and Inquiry-based Learning Practices in the Geosciences through an Industry-University Partnership

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McNeal, K.; Buell, R.; Eiland, L.

    2009-12-01

    Teacher professional development centered about the Geosciences is necessary in order to train K-12 teachers about this science field and to effectively educate K-12 students about Earth processes. The partnership of industries, universities, and K-12 schools is a collaborative pathway to support these efforts by providing teachers access to technology, inquiry-based learning, and authentic field experiences within the Geosciences context. This research presents the results of Project SMARTER (Science and Mathematics Advancement and Reform utilizing Technology and Enhanced Resources), a co-lead industry-university partnership and teacher professional development workshop program that focused on technology and inquiry-based learning in the Geosciences. The workshop included fifteen teachers from five distressed counties in Mississippi as defined by the Appalachian Regional Commission. Three (one science, once math, one technology) 7-12 grade teachers were selected from each school district and worked together during activities as a team to foster a cooperative learning experience. The two week workshop trained teachers on the use of a variety of technologies including: Vernier Probes and software, TI-calculators and presenter, Mimio Boards, GPS receivers, Google Earth, Excel, PowerPoint, projectors, and the use of historic geologic datasets. Furthermore, teachers were trained on proper field collection techniques, the use of Hach Kits and field probes, and the interpretation of geologic data. Each daily program incorporated the use of technology-rich and inquiry-based activities into one of the five Earth spheres: atmosphere, lithosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and anthrosphere. Results from the pre-post technology attitude survey showed that participating teachers significantly (p < 0.05) increased their confidence level in using technology. Furthermore, all participants self-reflected that the workshop both increased their interest in the Geosciences and their plans to integrate technology in future classroom activities. Qualitative responses from daily feedback forms and journal entries indicated that participating teachers were enthusiastic about inquiry-, technology-, and field-based learning activities and were willing to incorporate cross-discipline lesson plans. Evaluation of final lesson plans developed by the teachers during the workshop combined with follow-up classroom visits illustrated that the teachers appropriately developed classroom lessons to incorporate inquiry and technology and that they successfully implemented these lesson plans in their own classroom as a direct result of participating in workshop activities.

  11. An Assessment of Criteria that Will Contribute to a Desirable Industrial Internship Model for the Manufacturing Engineering Technology Program at Ferris State University.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ovans, Gary L.

    A study was conducted to determine if the structure and administration of the manufacturing internship of the Manufacturing Engineering Technology (MET) program at Ferris State University (FSU) was congruent with commonly accepted practice. It examined whether the current internship design was satisfactory in terms of the perspective of industry

  12. Managing University-Industry Relations: A Study of Institutional Practices from 12 Different Countries. Improving the Managerial Effectiveness of Higher Education Institutions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Michaela

    This book is the synthesis of a research project that explored innovative management practices in the domain of university-industry linkages. Managers from 12 higher education institutions in Europe, Africa, Asia, and Latin America were invited to document their experiences in the management of interfaces, financial and personnel management, and

  13. A University-Industry Collaborative Response to the Growing Global Demand for Student Talent: Using Interpretive Phenomenology to Discover Life-World Knowledge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vauterin, Johanna Julia; Linnanen, Lassi; Michelsen, Karl-Erik

    2013-01-01

    The supply of student talent is now taking on an increasingly global dimension and this has extended the breadth of university-industry interaction. Set in the context of a rapidly growing international student market, knowledge transfer between academia and business through global student talent supply is an emerging practice. This paper

  14. The Politics of Knowledge and the Revitalization of American Democracy: A Response to Henry Giroux's "The University in Chains: Confronting the Military-Industrial-Academic Complex"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fraser, Cary

    2009-01-01

    This article presents the author's response to Henry Giroux's "The University in Chains: Confronting the Military-Industrial-Academic Complex." Henry Giroux has written a provocative assessment of the contemporary challenges facing the United States as a society, which over the course of the 20th century had assumed the role of leader and exemplar…

  15. The Management of University-Industry Relations: Five Institutional Case Studies from Africa, Europe, Latin America, and the Pacific Region. Improving the Managerial Effectiveness of Higher Education Institutions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Michaela, Ed.

    Five case studies were conducted to collect empirical evidence on innovative mechanisms through which universities worldwide manage their relations with industry. Cases were selected from institutions of higher education in Israel, Papua New Guinea, Turkey, Brazil, and Uganda. These studies were selected for their innovative approaches, but also…

  16. Management of University-Industry Linkages. Policy Forum No. 11. Proceedings from the Policy Forum Held at the IIEP (Paris, France, June 1-2, 2000).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hernes, Gudmund; Martin, Michaela

    To explore varying institutional responses to the structural problems involved in university-industry linkages, the International Institute for Educational Planning conducted case-study research during 1997 to 1999 and then held a Policy Forum to share and validate the insights gained from the projects. The Forum showed that one of the most…

  17. Managing University-Industry Relations: A Study of Institutional Practices from 12 Different Countries. Improving the Managerial Effectiveness of Higher Education Institutions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Michaela

    This book is the synthesis of a research project that explored innovative management practices in the domain of university-industry linkages. Managers from 12 higher education institutions in Europe, Africa, Asia, and Latin America were invited to document their experiences in the management of interfaces, financial and personnel management, and…

  18. A University-Industry Collaborative Response to the Growing Global Demand for Student Talent: Using Interpretive Phenomenology to Discover Life-World Knowledge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vauterin, Johanna Julia; Linnanen, Lassi; Michelsen, Karl-Erik

    2013-01-01

    The supply of student talent is now taking on an increasingly global dimension and this has extended the breadth of university-industry interaction. Set in the context of a rapidly growing international student market, knowledge transfer between academia and business through global student talent supply is an emerging practice. This paper…

  19. GMAX Yeast Background Strain Made from Industrial Tolerant Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Engineered to Convert Pretreated Lignocellulosic Starch and Cellulosic Sugars Universally to Ethanol Anaerobically

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Tailored GMAX yeast background strain technology for universal ethanol production industrially: Production of the stable baseline glucose, mannose, arabinose, xylose-utilizing (GMAX) yeast will be evaluated by taking the genes identified in high-throughput screening for a plasmid-based yeast to util...

  20. GMAX Yeast Background Strain Made from Industrial Tolerant Saccharomyces cerevisiae Engineered to Convert Sucrose, Starch and Cellulosic Sugars Universally to Ethanol Anaerobically with Concurrent Coproduct Expression

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Tailored GMAX yeast background strain technology for universal ethanol production industrially. Production of the stable baseline glucose, mannose, arabinose, xylose-utilizing (GMAX) yeast will be evaluated by taking the genes identified in high-throughput screening for a plasmid-based yeast to uti...

  1. The Politics of Knowledge and the Revitalization of American Democracy: A Response to Henry Giroux's "The University in Chains: Confronting the Military-Industrial-Academic Complex"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fraser, Cary

    2009-01-01

    This article presents the author's response to Henry Giroux's "The University in Chains: Confronting the Military-Industrial-Academic Complex." Henry Giroux has written a provocative assessment of the contemporary challenges facing the United States as a society, which over the course of the 20th century had assumed the role of leader and exemplar

  2. Applicability of Universal Thermal Climate Index (UTCI) in occupational heat stress assessment: a case study in brick industries.

    PubMed

    Vatani, Javad; Golbabaei, Farideh; Dehghan, Somayeh Farhang; Yousefi, Azam

    2016-01-29

    The present study aimed to investigate the applicability of Universal Thermal Climate Index (UTCI) as an innovative and science-based index in public health researches, in occupational heat stress assessment. All indoor and outdoor workers (200 people) of Brick industries of Shahroud, Iran participated in the research. First, the environmental variables such as air temperature, wet-bulb temperature, globe temperature, air velocity and relative humidity were measured; then UTCI and WBGT (wet-bulb globe temperature) indices were calculated. Simultaneously, physiological parameters including systolic and diastolic blood pressure, oral temperature, skin temperature, tympanic temperature and heart rate of workers were measured. UTCI and WBGT indices were 34.2 ± 2°C, 21.8 ± 1.8°C in the outdoor environments and 38.1 ± 4.4°C, 24.7 ± 3.3°C at the indoor environments, respectively. There were the weak inverse relationships between UTCI and WBGT indices at the outdoor environments and physiological responses such as systolic blood pressure, and diastolic blood pressure. However, there were no similar results for indoor environments. The significant relationships were found between UTCI and WBGT at both indoor and outdoor environments. Both UTCI and WBGT indices are suitable for assessing the occupational heat stress. Although, UTCI index seems more appropriate for heat stress assessment in the environments with low humidity and air velocity. PMID:26320731

  3. Applicability of Universal Thermal Climate Index (UTCI) in occupational heat stress assessment: a case study in brick industries

    PubMed Central

    VATANI, Javad; GOLBABAEI, Farideh; DEHGHAN, Somayeh Farhang; YOUSEFI, Azam

    2015-01-01

    The present study aimed to investigate the applicability of Universal Thermal Climate Index (UTCI) as an innovative and science-based index in public health researches, in occupational heat stress assessment. All indoor and outdoor workers (200 people) of Brick industries of Shahroud, Iran participated in the research. First, the environmental variables such as air temperature, wet-bulb temperature, globe temperature, air velocity and relative humidity were measured; then UTCI and WBGT (wet-bulb globe temperature) indices were calculated. Simultaneously, physiological parameters including systolic and diastolic blood pressure, oral temperature, skin temperature, tympanic temperature and heart rate of workers were measured. UTCI and WBGT indices were 34.2 ± 2°C, 21.8 ± 1.8°C in the outdoor environments and 38.1 ± 4.4°C, 24.7 ± 3.3°C at the indoor environments, respectively. There were the weak inverse relationships between UTCI and WBGT indices at the outdoor environments and physiological responses such as systolic blood pressure, and diastolic blood pressure. However, there were no similar results for indoor environments. The significant relationships were found between UTCI and WBGT at both indoor and outdoor environments. Both UTCI and WBGT indices are suitable for assessing the occupational heat stress. Although, UTCI index seems more appropriate for heat stress assessment in the environments with low humidity and air velocity. PMID:26320731

  4. Pass the fruits and vegetables! A community-university-industry partnership promotes weight loss in African American women.

    PubMed

    Weerts, Sally E; Amoran, Alma

    2011-03-01

    This article describes a community-university-industry partnership to alleviate food insecurity while promoting weight loss. Twenty-one overweight African American women are randomly assigned to experimental or control groups. Each receives supermarket gift cards and brief health education monthly for 3 months. The experimental group buys fresh produce only, whereas the control group buys any groceries. Data on weight, body mass index (BMI), waist-hip circumferences, and dietary intake are collected at baseline and months 1 to 3. Nine (43%) have complete data. Quantitative data reveal that the experimental group have lost significantly more weight (-6, +4 lbs), significantly reduced BMI (-1, +0.7), and eat significantly more raw, fresh produce (1.29, 0.15 cups). A focus group held at month 4 is rich with the meanings of participating, eating "well," and forming new habits. A nutrient-dense diet that is calorically balanced is the hallmark of health and well-being and may be related to weight loss in new ways. However, this diet is not always affordable by those most in need of it. The unexpected outcome of a statistical relationship among consuming raw, freshly prepared produce, weight loss, and BMI reduction within 3 months is not altogether explainable. There are obvious benefits, however, to these outcomes that support the continuing study of the phenomenon. PMID:19346411

  5. Storming the Ivory Tower: The Competing Interests of the Public's Right to Know and Protecting the Integrity of University Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Tammy L.; Vincler, Lisa A.

    1994-01-01

    Implications of public disclosure laws, both state and federal, for university research culture and practices are examined. Issues discussed include research documentation, funding, scientific norms, patent rights for federally funded inventions, the university-industry research relationship, academic freedom, and the Freedom of Information Act.…

  6. Universal health coverage in emerging economies: findings on health care utilization by older adults in China, Ghana, India, Mexico, the Russian Federation, and South Africa

    PubMed Central

    Peltzer, Karl; Williams, Jennifer Stewart; Kowal, Paul; Negin, Joel; Snodgrass, James Josh; Yawson, Alfred; Minicuci, Nadia; Thiele, Liz; Phaswana-Mafuya, Nancy; Biritwum, Richard Berko; Naidoo, Nirmala; Chatterji, Somnath

    2014-01-01

    Background and objective The achievement of universal health coverage (UHC) in emerging economies is a high priority within the global community. This timely study uses standardized national population data collected from adults aged 50 and older in China, Ghana, India, Mexico, the Russian Federation, and South Africa. The objective is to describe health care utilization and measure association between inpatient and outpatient service use and patient characteristics in these six low- and middle-income countries. Design Secondary analysis of data from the World Health Organization’s Study on global AGEing and adult health Wave 1 was undertaken. Country samples are compared by socio-demographic characteristics, type of health care, and reasons for use. Logistic regressions describe association between socio-demographic and health factors and inpatient and outpatient service use. Results In the pooled multi-country sample of over 26,000 adults aged 50-plus, who reported getting health care the last time it was needed, almost 80% of men and women received inpatient or outpatient care, or both. Roughly 30% of men and women in the Russian Federation used inpatient services in the previous 3 years and 90% of men and women in India used outpatient services in the past year. In China, public hospitals were the most frequently used service type for 52% of men and 51% of women. Multivariable regression showed that, compared with men, women were less likely to use inpatient services and more likely to use outpatient services. Respondents with two or more chronic conditions were almost three times as likely to use inpatient services and twice as likely to use outpatient services compared with respondents with no reported chronic conditions. Conclusions This study provides a basis for further investigation of country-specific responses to UHC. PMID:25363363

  7. Industrial universal electrometer

    DOEpatents

    Cordaro, Joseph V.; Wood, Michael B.

    2012-07-03

    An electrometer for use in measuring current is provided. The electrometer includes an enclosure capable of containing various components of the electrometer. A pre-amplifier is present and is one of the components of the electrometer. The pre-amplifier is contained by the enclosure. The pre-amplifier has a pre-amplifier enclosure that contains the pre-amplifier and provides radio frequency shielding and magnetic shielding to the pre-amplifier.

  8. The perception of students on the use of animals in higher education at the Federal University of Paraná, Southern Brazil.

    PubMed

    Deguchi, Bernardo G F; Molento, Carla F M; de Souza, Carlos E P

    2012-05-01

    The use of animals in education and research is a controversial issue that involves ethical considerations. In Brazil, Act 11,794, which was approved in 2008, established the National Council on the Control of Animal Experimentation (CONCEA) and a database of institutions that use animals for research and education (CIUCA). This legislation also set out the regulations for the use of animals. In this study, we have evaluated the ethical issues involved in the use of animals for educational purposes at the Federal University of Paraná, through a qualitative-quantitative analysis that relied on written questionnaires. Our objective was to find out the opinions of students and staff from different academic fields, and at different stages in their professional development, on the use of animals for educational purposes. The study involved 101 students and 20 lecturers (i.e. tenure-track professors and all those who teach the students) in Biology, Pharmacology, Medicine and Veterinary Medicine. Approximately half of the students (45.5%) did not know the legislation that regulates the use of animals in education, and most of the lecturers believed that learning goals could not be achieved with alternative methods. Only 38.9% of the lecturers and 31.9% of the students trusted the usefulness of alternative methods. Furthermore, recent graduates were as unaware of the legislation, as were students in the first two years of their university courses. These results suggest that it is necessary to considerably expand the discussion on alternatives to animal use in the academic environment. PMID:22762192

  9. Long-term changes of heavy metal and sulphur concentrations in ecosystems of the Taymyr Peninsula (Russian Federation) North of the Norilsk Industrial Complex.

    PubMed

    Zhulidov, Alexander V; Robarts, Richard D; Pavlov, Dmitry F; Kämäri, J; Gurtovaya, Tatiana Yu; Meriläinen, J J; Pospelov, Igor N

    2011-10-01

    The Norilsk industrial ore smelting complex (Taymyr Peninsula, Russian Federation) has significantly impacted many components of local terrestrial and aquatic environments. Whether it has had a major impact on the wider Russian Arctic remains controversial as studies are scarce. From 1986 to 2004, data on heavy metal (Cu, Ni, Zn, Hg, Cd and Hg) concentrations in fish (burbot), moss, lichens, periphyton, hydric soils and snow in and around Norilsk and the most northern parts of the Taymyr Peninsula were analysed. Very high concentrations of Cu (203 μg L⁻¹ ± 51 μg L⁻¹) and Ni (113 μg L⁻¹ ± 15 μg L⁻¹) were found in the water of the Schuchya River close to Norilsk. Heavy metal concentrations in burbot liver were highest in Lake Pyasino near Norilsk compared to other study regions that were >100 km distant. From 1989-1996, Cu (121 μg L⁻¹ ± 39 μg L⁻¹ SD), Zn (150 μg L⁻¹) ± 70 μg L⁻¹) and Ni (149 μg L⁻¹ ± 72 μg L⁻¹) snow concentrations were greatest in Norilsk, but were low elsewhere. By 2004, these concentrations had dropped significantly, especially for Cu-74 μg L⁻¹ (±18.7 μg L⁻¹ SD), Zn-81.7 μg L⁻¹ (± 31.3 μg L⁻¹ SD) and Ni-80 μg L⁻¹(±18.0 μg L⁻¹ SD). Norilsk and its surroundings are subject to heavy pollution from the Norilsk metallurgical industry but these are absent from the greater Arctic region due to the prevailing winds and the Byrranga Mountains. Pollution abatement measures have been made so further investigations are necessary in order to assess their efficiency. PMID:21264683

  10. INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER

    EPA Science Inventory

    This document contains: federal legislation, NRDC consent degree, regulations, the research program, and the different treatments used for petrochemistry, pesticides, inorganic chemicals, batteries, metal finishing, iron and steel, electric power, textiles and leather industries.

  11. Development of Alternative Continuing Educational Systems for Preventing the Technological Obsolescence of Air Force Scientists and Engineers. Volume 2. Survey of Continuing Educational Programs Within Selected Industries and Universities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lisez, Louis; Slebodnick, Edward B.

    Survey data obtained from industries and universities are summarized and analyzed from the standpoint of the Air Force's requirement for updating its military scientists and engineers.It is concluded that the wide range of innovative methods of continuing education (CE), in use or in development within selected industries and universities, can be…

  12. Industry-university collaborations in Canada, Japan, the UK and USA--with emphasis on publication freedom and managing the intellectual property lock-up problem.

    PubMed

    Kneller, Robert; Mongeon, Marcel; Cope, Jeff; Garner, Cathy; Ternouth, Philip

    2014-01-01

    As industry-university collaborations are promoted to commercialize university research and foster economic growth, it is important to understand how companies benefit from these collaborations, and to ensure that resulting academic discoveries are developed for the benefit of all stakeholders: companies, universities and public. Lock up of inventions, and censoring of academic publications, should be avoided if feasible. This case-study analysis of interviews with 90 companies in Canada, Japan, the UK and USA assesses the scope of this challenge and suggests possible resolutions. The participating companies were asked to describe an important interaction with universities, and most described collaborative research. The most frequently cited tensions concerned intellectual property management and publication freedom. IP disagreements were most frequent in the context of narrowly-focused collaborations with American universities. However, in the case of exploratory research, companies accepted the IP management practices of US universities. It might make sense to let companies have an automatic exclusive license to IP from narrowly defined collaborations, but to encourage universities to manage inventions from exploratory collaborations to ensure development incentives. Although Canada, the UK and US have strong publication freedom guarantees, tensions over this issue arose frequently in focused collaborations, though were rare in exploratory collaborations. The UK Lambert Agreements give sponsors the option to control publications in return for paying the full economic cost of a project. This may offer a model for the other three countries. Uniquely among the four countries, Japan enables companies to control exclusively most collaborative inventions and to censor academic publications. Despite this high degree of control, the interviews suggest many companies do not develop university discoveries to their full potential. The steps suggested above may rebalance the situation in Japan. Overall, the interviews reveal the complexity of these issues and the need for flexibility on the part of universities and companies. PMID:24632805

  13. Industry-University Collaborations in Canada, Japan, the UK and USA – With Emphasis on Publication Freedom and Managing the Intellectual Property Lock-Up Problem

    PubMed Central

    Kneller, Robert; Mongeon, Marcel; Cope, Jeff; Garner, Cathy; Ternouth, Philip

    2014-01-01

    As industry-university collaborations are promoted to commercialize university research and foster economic growth, it is important to understand how companies benefit from these collaborations, and to ensure that resulting academic discoveries are developed for the benefit of all stakeholders: companies, universities and public. Lock up of inventions, and censoring of academic publications, should be avoided if feasible. This case-study analysis of interviews with 90 companies in Canada, Japan, the UK and USA assesses the scope of this challenge and suggests possible resolutions. The participating companies were asked to describe an important interaction with universities, and most described collaborative research. The most frequently cited tensions concerned intellectual property management and publication freedom. IP disagreements were most frequent in the context of narrowly-focused collaborations with American universities. However, in the case of exploratory research, companies accepted the IP management practices of US universities. It might make sense to let companies have an automatic exclusive license to IP from narrowly defined collaborations, but to encourage universities to manage inventions from exploratory collaborations to ensure development incentives. Although Canada, the UK and US have strong publication freedom guarantees, tensions over this issue arose frequently in focused collaborations, though were rare in exploratory collaborations. The UK Lambert Agreements give sponsors the option to control publications in return for paying the full economic cost of a project. This may offer a model for the other three countries. Uniquely among the four countries, Japan enables companies to control exclusively most collaborative inventions and to censor academic publications. Despite this high degree of control, the interviews suggest many companies do not develop university discoveries to their full potential. The steps suggested above may rebalance the situation in Japan. Overall, the interviews reveal the complexity of these issues and the need for flexibility on the part of universities and companies. PMID:24632805

  14. Government-industry-uUniversity and rResearch lLaboratories cCoordination for new product development: Session 2. Government research laboratory perspective

    SciTech Connect

    Kuzay, T.M.

    1997-09-01

    This talk is the second in an expanded series of presentations on the Government-Industry-University and Research Laboratories Coordination for new product development, which is a timely and important public policy issue. Such interactions have become particularly timely in light of the present decline in funding for research and development (R&D) in the nation`s budget and in the private sector. These interactions, at least in principle, provide a means to maximize benefits for the greater good of the nation by pooling the diminishing resources. National laboratories, which traditionally interacted closely with the universities in educational training, now are able to also participate closely with industry in joint R&D thanks to a number of public laws legislated since the early 80s. A review of the experiences with such interactions at Argonne National Laboratory, which exemplifies the national laboratories, shows that, despite differences in their traditions and the missions, the national laboratory-industry-university triangle can work together.

  15. Strategic Computing Directions and Opportunities for University-Government-Industry Partnerships at the University of Saskatchewan: Preparing for the Twenty-First Century.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kavanagh, Robert N.; Pokraka, Edward S.

    This report is intended to serve as a focus for developing a commitment for continuing investment in computer support for education, research, and administration at the University of Saskatchewan. Based on the assumption that effective utilization of computers, computer networks, and other telecommunications technology is essential to the

  16. Final Report on the Development of a Model Education and Training System for Inmates in Federal Correctional Institutions, to Federal Prison Industries, Incorporated, U.S. Department of Justice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hitt, William D.; Agostino, Norman R.

    This study to develop an education and training (E&T) system for inmates in Federal correctional institutions described and evaluated existing E&T systems and needs at Milan, Michigan, and Terre Haute, Indiana; formulated an E&T model; and made specific recommendations for implementation of each point in the model. A systems analysis approach was…

  17. Federal Support to Universities, Colleges, and Nonprofit Institutions: Fiscal Year 1991. A Report to the President and Congress. Surveys of Science Resources Series. Detailed Statistical Tables.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bennof, Richard

    The level, distribution, and characteristics of federal support to institutions of higher education are of great interest to both government and nongovernment policy makers. The National Science Foundation annually collects statistical data by survey from the 15 federal agencies that account for virtually all support for science and engineering…

  18. PhD Students' Work Conditions and Study Environment in University- and Industry-Based PhD Programmes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kolmos, A.; Kofoed, L. B.; Du, X. Y.

    2008-01-01

    During the last 10 years, new models of funding and training PhD students have been established in Denmark in order to integrate industry into the entire PhD education. Several programmes have been conducted where it is possible to co-finance PhD scholarships or to become an employee as an industrial PhD in a company. An important question is what

  19. PhD Students' Work Conditions and Study Environment in University- and Industry-Based PhD Programmes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kolmos, A.; Kofoed, L. B.; Du, X. Y.

    2008-01-01

    During the last 10 years, new models of funding and training PhD students have been established in Denmark in order to integrate industry into the entire PhD education. Several programmes have been conducted where it is possible to co-finance PhD scholarships or to become an employee as an industrial PhD in a company. An important question is what…

  20. Case study for underground workers at an electric utility: how a research institution, university, and industry collaboration improved occupational health through ergonomics.

    PubMed

    Stone, Amy; Usher, Debra; Marklin, Richard; Seeley, Patricia; Yager, Janice W

    2006-08-01

    This article describes a collaboration between a research institution, a university, and a medium-sized electric power utility. Two ergonomics teams were created at the host utility to identify tasks with risk factors for musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and propose ergonomic interventions for these tasks. Both ergonomics teams focused on tasks performed by underground workers: one team focused on manhole-vault tasks, and the other team focused on direct-buried cable job tasks. Several of the ergonomic interventions were tested in the ergonomics laboratory at the university. The results of one of the laboratory experiments indicated that a 2nd class lever tool reduced muscle forces required to remove and replace a manhole cover as compared with a T-handle attached to a hook and chain. The results of another laboratory experiment demonstrated that a battery-powered cutter reduced muscle forces to cut cable as compared to a manual cutting tool. A collaborative ergonomics effort is an effective method for identifying problematic tasks for workers in a particular industry, evaluating those tasks, and developing best work practices for that type of industry. This approach could be used by other industries in their effort to reduce the incidence, cost, and severity of MSDs in the workplace. PMID:16766475

  1. Financial Responsibility at Universities. Hearings before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations of the Committee on Energy and Commerce, House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session, on Indirect Cost Recovery Practices at U.S. Universities for Federal Research Grants and Contracts (March 13 and May 9, 1991).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Energy and Commerce.

    In connection with its jurisdiction over biomedical research and development at higher education institutions, the House Committee on Energy and Commerce's Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations met twice to hear testimony on abuses in the indirect cost recovery practices at universities for Federal research grants and contracts. At the…

  2. Financial Responsibility at Universities (Part 2). Hearing on Indirect Cost Recovery Practices at U.S. Universities for Federal Research Grants and Contracts, before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations of the Committee on Energy and Commerce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, Second Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Energy and Commerce.

    In connection with its jurisdiction over biomedical research and development at higher education institutions, the House Committee on Energy and Commerce's Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations met a second time to hear testimony on abuses in the indirect cost recovery practices at universities for federal research grants and contracts. The…

  3. Professors and Industry Meet

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sheriff, Robert E.

    1974-01-01

    Describes backgrounds of geophysics graduates that are desired for employment by industry. Also listed are areas in which industry could help universities concerning the development of programs to meet the future manpower needs in industry. (BR)

  4. Final Technical Report Overcoming Critical Barriers to U.S. Wind Power: A University-Industry Consortium

    SciTech Connect

    Acker, Tom; Kipple, Allison

    2012-10-29

    The objective of this project was to develop a curriculum module involving the design and simulation of a wind turbine generator. Dr. Allison Kipple, Assistant Professor of Electrical Engineering, led development of the module, employing graduate and undergraduate students, and Dr. Tom Acker served as project manager and principal investigator. This objective was achieved resulting in development of curricular materials, implementation and revision of the materials in EE 364, a Northern Arizona University electrical engineering course in “Fundamentals of Electromagnetics,” and via dissemination of the curricular materials to a broad community including other universities.

  5. Federalism Lives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howard, A. E. Dick

    1987-01-01

    Examines the concept of federalism in terms of its past history and its encouraging future. Calls for a revival of concern for federalism not simply as a convenient administrative arrangement but as a fundamental constitutional value. (BSR)

  6. Recovery Act: Develop a Modular Curriculum for Training University Students in Industry Standard CO{sub 2} Sequestration and Enhanced Oil Recovery Methodologies

    SciTech Connect

    Trentham, R. C.; Stoudt, E. L.

    2013-05-31

    CO{sub 2} Enhanced Oil Recovery, Sequestration, & Monitoring Measuring & Verification are topics that are not typically covered in Geoscience, Land Management, and Petroleum Engineering curriculum. Students are not typically exposed to the level of training that would prepare them for CO{sub 2} reservoir and aquifer sequestration related projects when they begin assignments in industry. As a result, industry training, schools & conferences are essential training venues for new & experienced personnel working on CO{sub 2} projects for the first time. This project collected and/or generated industry level CO{sub 2} training to create modules which faculties can utilize as presentations, projects, field trips and site visits for undergrad and grad students and prepare them to "hit the ground running" & be contributing participants in CO{sub 2} projects with minimal additional training. In order to create the modules, UTPB/CEED utilized a variety of sources. Data & presentations from industry CO{sub 2} Flooding Schools & Conferences, Carbon Management Workshops, UTPB Classes, and other venues was tailored to provide introductory reservoir & aquifer training, state-of-the-art methodologies, field seminars and road logs, site visits, and case studies for students. After discussions with faculty at UTPB, Sul Ross, Midland College, other universities, and petroleum industry professionals, it was decided to base the module sets on a series of road logs from Midland to, and through, a number of Permian Basin CO{sub 2} Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) projects, CO{sub 2} Carbon Capture and Storage (CCUS) projects and outcrop equivalents of the formations where CO{sub 2} is being utilized or will be utilized, in EOR projects in the Permian Basin. Although road logs to and through these projects exist, none of them included CO{sub 2} specific information. Over 1400 miles of road logs were created, or revised specifically to highlight CO{sub 2} EOR projects. After testing a number of different entry points into the data set with students and faculty form a number of different universities, it was clear that a standard website presentation with a list of available power point presentations, excel spreadsheets, word documents and pdf's would not entice faculty, staff, and students at universities to delve deeper into the website http://www.utpb.edu/ceed/student modules.

  7. The Effect of Industrial Training on Ethical Awareness of Final Year Students in a Malaysian Public University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saat, Maisarah Mohamed; Yusoff, Rosman Md.; Panatik, Siti Aisyah

    2014-01-01

    Studies (for example, Dellaportas in Making a difference with a discrete course on accounting ethics. "J Bus Ethics" 65(4):391-404, 2006; Saat in "An investigation of the effects of a moral education program on the ethical development of Malaysian future accountants," 2010) on final year accounting students show that industrial

  8. University-Industry Relationships and the Role of the Individual: Network Ties and the Diversity of Knowledge Transfer

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Villanueva-Felez, Africa; Bekkers, Rudi; Molas-Gallart, Jordi

    2010-01-01

    In recent years, considerable attention has been paid to the effectiveness of knowledge transfer processes between academia and industry. Although there is growing evidence that the characteristics of individual researchers are important when explaining cases of successful transfer, few studies have taken the individual researcher as their unit of…

  9. A Study of Federal Academic Earmarks and Research Funding in Relation to the Institutional Research Culture of Research University/High (RU/H) Institutions in Mississippi

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, James Hubert, III

    2013-01-01

    Nationally, reductions in public funding for higher education, a stagnate economy, looming sequestration, and a divisive political culture present a complex and challenging dynamic for research universities in pursuit of external funding for their research programs and infrastructure needs. These universities and their research initiatives have…

  10. How a Regional Broker Can Improve Industry Demand for University Interaction: A Case Study of the London Technology Network

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reid, Peter; Schofield, Matt

    2006-01-01

    UK university research produces highly cited publications (DTI, 2004), but demand from UK business for commercial ideas from academia is weak (HM Treasury, 2003). This paper reviews factors in the development of one regional UK technology broker, the London Technology Network (LTN), which has achieved significant and audited business demand. The…

  11. Attracting and Retaining Student Talent from around the World: The Lived Experience in University-Industry Collaboration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vauterin, Johanna Julia; Michelsen, Karl-Erik; Linnanen, Lassi

    2013-01-01

    To be prepared for changing student talent pools in emerging geographical markets, and to remain attractive to the coming waves of student mobility, the European higher education sector must improve its ability to absorb international student talent in greater numbers. This paper presents an analysis of the nature and value of university-industry…

  12. Team-Based Programs: The EMP. An Industry/University Partnership-The Educational Model for the 21st Century.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haynes, Ray; And Others

    California Polytechnic State University's College of Business and College of Engineering have joined forces to create a joint Engineering Management Program (EMP). Students holding undergraduate engineering or equivalent degrees enter and earn both Masters in Business Administration and Masters of Science in Engineering in 24 months. The program…

  13. Silicon Valley's Processing Needs versus San Jose State University's Manufacturing Systems Processing Component: Implications for Industrial Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Obi, Samuel C.

    2004-01-01

    Manufacturing professionals within universities tend to view manufacturing systems from a global perspective. This perspective tends to assume that manufacturing processes are employed equally in every manufacturing enterprise, irrespective of the geography and the needs of the people in those diverse regions. But in reality local and societal…

  14. Understanding Federalism.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hickok, Eugene W., Jr.

    1990-01-01

    Urges returning to the original federalist debates to understand contemporary federalism. Reviews "The Federalist Papers," how federalism has evolved, and the centralization of the national government through acts of Congress and Supreme Court decisions. Recommends teaching about federalism as part of teaching about U.S. government today. (NL)

  15. 75 FR 11225 - Government/Industry Aeronautical Charting Forum Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration Government/Industry Aeronautical Charting Forum Meeting AGENCY: Federal...-annual meeting of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Government/Industry Aeronautical...

  16. New Communication Technologies and Their Impact on Western Industrialized Countries. Communication Manual. Summary Report of a Colloquium (Bonn, Federal Republic of Germany, December 17-19, 1982).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keune, Reinhard, Ed.

    This publication presents the papers and discussion highlights of an international colloquium on new communications technologies which was held to provide a forum for debate on economic, political and social impacts of new communication technologies by western representatives from media, academia, politics, and industry. The following papers were…

  17. New Communication Technologies and Their Impact on Western Industrialized Countries. Communication Manual. Summary Report of a Colloquium (Bonn, Federal Republic of Germany, December 17-19, 1982).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keune, Reinhard, Ed.

    This publication presents the papers and discussion highlights of an international colloquium on new communications technologies which was held to provide a forum for debate on economic, political and social impacts of new communication technologies by western representatives from media, academia, politics, and industry. The following papers were

  18. Problems Relating to Examinations in Three-Year Technical/Natural Science Courses of Study at the Federal Armed Forces University, Munich.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ulbricht, Kurt; Zimmermann, Peter

    1981-01-01

    Problems encountered in testing in aerospace engineering courses in an accelerated technical program of a German military university are outlined. Four common grading procedures are compared, and the optimum length of written tests is discussed. (MSE)

  19. A Report on Restructuring Schools: Reducing Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse among Adolescents through a School-Community-University Partnership Program in the Federal Way School District.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    James, William H.

    This is a descriptive report on the level of substance use by at-risk students attending Continuation/Contract-Based Education (CBE) High School in the Federal Way School District in the state of Washington. These students participate in a school-community partnership program which utilizes a student assistance program/case management model to…

  20. A Summary of Recommendations of the Federal-State Joint Board on Universal Service: Support for Schools and Libraries. RUPRI Telecommunications Policy Brief, P96-9.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Missouri Univ., Columbia. Rural Policy Research Inst.

    The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) appointed a Joint Board to recommend changes in existing FCC rules to fulfill the regulatory mandates of the Telecommunications Act of 1996. The Joint Board, which consists of three FCC commissioners, four State commissioners, and one consumer advocate, issued its recommendations to the FCC in a 500-page…

  1. Federal Support to Universities, Colleges, and Selected Nonprofit Institutions, Fiscal Year 1976 and Transition Quarter. Detailed Statistical Tables Appendix B. A Report to the President and Congress.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.

    Statistical data concerning funds budgeted by 14 federal agencies for grants and contracts in science and engineering to institutions of higher education in fiscal year 1976 are compiled in this appendix of a report issued by the National Science Foundation. These funds provide an estimated 95 percent of all funds for scientific and engineering…

  2. The real world: BME graduates reflect on whether universities are providing adequate preparation for a career in industry.

    PubMed

    Berglund, Jennifer

    2015-01-01

    Let's face it: In the United States, a college degree isn't what it used to be. These days, 46% of recent college graduates consider themselves underemployed and in jobs that do not require their college degrees--degrees that have already cost many of these grads and their families hundreds of thousands of dollars in student loans, with no promise of a job and salary to pay those loans back. But engineering majors are said to be outliers. Engineering as a field is widely considered one of, if not the most, lucrative academic paths for students seeking well-paid employment immediately following college. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics indicates that nearly 40% of the 45 most highly paid professions that require only a bachelor's degree are in engineering. Salaries for all biomedical engineers, entry level or not, are among the highest, with a median pay of US$86,960. And engineering departments at colleges are not shy to advertise these numbers: the Biomedical Engineering Department at the University of Texas, Austin, declares on its Web page that, "electing to graduate with a major in biomedical engineering opens the door to an ever-growing amount of job opportunities," citing a 72%, ten-year job growth forecast. Boston University's program cites U.S. News and World Report's claim that BME is the country's fastest-growing occupation. PMID:25782113

  3. Demonstration of the Whole-Building Diagnostician for the Federal Building and U.S. Courthouse at Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and for the University of Wisconsin at Madison

    SciTech Connect

    Bauman, Nathan N.; Hail, John C.

    2003-12-30

    In an effort to expand the energy savings programs within the State, the Wisconsin Division of Energy obtained funding through the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP), with additional funding assistance through the Rebuild America Program (RBA) to install the Whole Building Diagnostician (WBD) software program as a test bed project in two of the State’s facilities in Wisconsin. This report discusses the results of this effort.

  4. US general aviation: The ingredients for a renaissance. A vision and technology strategy for US industry, NASA, FAA, universities

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Holmes, Bruce

    1993-01-01

    General aviation today is a vital component in the nation's air transportation system. It is threatened for survival but has enormous potential for expansion in utility and use. This potential for expansion is fueled by new satellite navigation and communication systems, small computers, flat panel displays, and advanced aerodynamics, materials and manufacturing methods, and propulsion technologies which create opportunities for new levels of environmental and economic acceptability. Expanded general aviation utility and use could have a large impact on the nation's jobs, commerce, industry, airspace capacity, trade balance, and quality of life. This paper presents, in viewgraph form, a general overview of U.S. general aviation. Topics covered include general aviation shipment and billings; airport and general aviation infrastructure; cockpit, airplane, and airspace technologies; market demand; air traffic operations and aviation accidents; fuel efficiency comparisons; and general aviation goals and strategy.

  5. Federal Impact.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davies, Don

    Over the past twenty years, Federal government intervention has had a greater impact on elementary and secondary education than most citizens, educators, or politicians realize. Federal intervention has taken two directions: initiatives to redistribute educational resources through compensatory educational programs, and initiatives towards target…

  6. Sarasota County, Florida, Junior High Career Education Model as Based on the Nine Federal Objectives. A Comprehensive Program of Vocational Education for Career Development: K-University.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wu, P. C., Comp.; And Others

    One of nine products developed for a comprehensive program (kindergarten through university level) of career development for vocational education in Florida, this manual contains a listing of materials and activities developed for junior high programs. The listing is divided by descriptors into four subdivisions: section "SO," which presents…

  7. PROCEEDINGS OF THE CONFERENCE ON COMBINED MUNICIPAL/INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT HELD AT THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS AT DALLAS ON MARCH 25-27, 1980

    EPA Science Inventory

    This conference presented the latest information on combined municipal/industrial wastewater treatment. The curriculum of the Conference covered methods for treatment of combined municipal/industrial wastewaters; industrial pretreatment; case histories of industrial pretreatment ...

  8. Survey and analysis of federally developed technology

    SciTech Connect

    Reed, J.E.; Conrad, J.L.

    1983-02-01

    The methodology and results of a test effort to determine whether there exist unexpected opportunities for the direct transfer of technologies from federal laboratories to industry are presented. Specifically, the latest results of six federal laboratories with potential application in the pulp and paper industry, particularly those results applicable to improving energy productivity, were evaluated, cataloged, and distributed to industry representatives to gauge their reaction. The principal methodological steps in this effort were the development of a taxonomy of the pulp and paper industry, identification of industry needs and laboratory capabilities, laboratory visits, review of technology findings with industry, and evaluation and compilation of industry responses.

  9. Federal Agencies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kyle, George M.

    1976-01-01

    The status of two of life's necessities, air and water, is of crucial importance to the future of American parks and recreation programs, and continued cooperation among federal, state, local and private sectors is necessary to preserve them. (JD)

  10. Industrial ecology.

    PubMed

    Patel, C K

    1992-02-01

    Industrial ecology addresses issues that will impact future production, use, and disposal technologies; proper use of the concept should reduce significantly the resources devoted to potential remediation in the future. This cradle-to-reincarnation production philosophy includes industrial processes that are environmentally sound and products that are environmentally safe during use and economically recyclable after use without adverse impact on the environment or on the net cost to society. This will require an industry-university-government round table to set the strategy and agenda for progress. PMID:11607254

  11. Applications of remote sensing data in Alaska: A cooperative program of the University of Alaska with user organizations, including local, state and federal government agencies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Miller, J. M.

    1976-01-01

    The development of the coastal-zone-related issues is generating an increasing need for information which is greater in quantity of natural resource data, greater in quality of detail of data, and more frequent in collection of data owing to the need to monitor certain aspects of programs. The array, detail, and frequency of information acquisition required to develop natural resources and to implement and maintain the resulting programs demand improved techniques of data gathering, processing, and interpretation which is conducive to the use of remote-sensing techniques. As Alaska, both in the state and federal domain, gears up to meet the energy-related issues facing the nation there will be a growing role for efforts which adapt state-of-the-art tools to solving existing problems.

  12. Analysis of knowledge in Astronomy of the students of the Course of Technology in Industrial Automation at the Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of São Paulo - Campus Cubatao

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moraes, A. C.

    2014-02-01

    This work is part of a research of the academic Masters in Science in Education. It seeks to present the results of the survey conducted among students of the technology course in industrial automation at the Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of São Paulo at the Campus Cubatão (IFSP Campus Cubatão). In the first step, the students' lack of knowledge to the related primary concepts of Astronomy turned out. In a second step, a Basic Course in Astronomy was held outside the syllabus, including classes, lectures and films with pertinent content, which corrected initially found erros. Through a special approach, containing diverse teaching strategies, astronomical concepts were learned or relearned. Analysing the responses of this second step it was found that students had a significant improvement in learning.

  13. Study of Risk Assessment Programs at Federal Agencies and Commercial Industry Related to the Conduct or Regulation of High Hazard Operations

    SciTech Connect

    Bari, R.; Rosenbloom, S.; O'Brien, J.

    2011-03-13

    In the Department of Energy (DOE) Implementation Plan (IP) for Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board's Recommendation 2009-1, the DOE committed to studying the use of quantitative risk assessment methodologies at government agencies and industry. This study consisted of document reviews and interviews of senior management and risk assessment staff at six organizations. Data were collected and analyzed on risk assessment applications, risk assessment tools, and controls and infrastructure supporting the correct usage of risk assessment and risk management tools. The study found that the agencies were in different degrees of maturity in the use of risk assessment to support the analysis of high hazard operations and to support decisions related to these operations. Agencies did not share a simple, 'one size fits all' approach to tools, controls, and infrastructure needs. The agencies recognized that flexibility was warranted to allow use of risk assessment tools in a manner that is commensurate with the complexity of the application. The study also found that, even with the lack of some data, agencies application of the risk analysis structured approach could provide useful insights such as potential system vulnerabilities. This study, in combination with a companion study of risk assessment programs in the DOE Offices involved in high hazard operations, is being used to determine the nature and type of controls and infrastructure needed to support risk assessments at the DOE.

  14. The United States digital recording industry

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Simonds, John L.

    1993-01-01

    The recording industry resembles the semiconductor industry in several aspects. Both are large (greater than $60 Billion/year revenues); both are considered critical technologies supporting national objectives; both are experiencing increased competition from foreign suppliers; they recognize significant opportunities for both technological and market growth in the decade to come; and both realize that a key to this future growth lies in alliances among industry, academia, and government. The semiconductor industry has made significant investments in alliances relating to manufacturing technologies (SEMATECH) and to joint long-term technology research centered in universities (SRC). The federal government has provided funding support of these efforts in recognition of the critical roles semiconductor technologies play in national interests. The recording industry is now also forming critical alliances, but has been slower in starting and in gaining broad recognition by government agencies and legislators that the industry needs federal support. Traditionally, the recording industry has been viewed as mature, stable, and, while critical to national interests, able to chart and fund its own course toward future national needs. That perception is fortunately changing.

  15. Teaching Teachers Industrial Organic

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chemical and Engineering News, 1977

    1977-01-01

    Describes a teacher seminar held at the University of Minnesota to introduce the addition of courses of industrial chemistry into higher education science curriculums in order to better prepare college science graduates for positions in industry. (SL)

  16. A View of Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swanson, Richard A., Ed.; And Others

    This monograph describes industry at a point in time from the perspective of the faculty in Industrial Education at the University of Minnesota. Section 1 describes the effort to define industry from the perspective of the industrial, business, and economic literature. The remainder of this section is divided into the two components of analysis…

  17. A View of Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swanson, Richard A., Ed.; And Others

    This monograph describes industry at a point in time from the perspective of the faculty in Industrial Education at the University of Minnesota. Section 1 describes the effort to define industry from the perspective of the industrial, business, and economic literature. The remainder of this section is divided into the two components of analysis

  18. Universities That Litigate Patents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rooksby, Jacob H.

    2012-01-01

    American research universities frequently obtain and license patents to their faculty members' inventions. While university licensing is carefully tracked and thoroughly studied, little is known about university decisions to assertively litigate their patents through filing patent infringement lawsuits in federal court. Which universities

  19. Chemical and radioactive carcinogens in cigarettes: associated health impacts and responses of the tobacco industry, U.S. Congress, and federal regulatory agencies.

    PubMed

    Moeller, Dade W; Sun, Lin-Shen C

    2010-11-01

    ²¹⁰Po and ²¹⁰Pb were discovered in tobacco in 1964. This was followed by detailed assessments of the nature of their deposition, and accompanying dose rates to the lungs of cigarette smokers. Subsequent studies revealed: (1) the sources and pathways through which they gain access to tobacco; (2) the mechanisms through which they preferentially deposit in key segments of the bronchial epithelium; and (3) the fact that the accompanying alpha radiation plays a synergistic role in combination with the chemical carcinogens, to increase the fatal cancer risk coefficient in cigarette smokers by a factor of 8 to 25. Nonetheless, it was not until 2009 that Congress mandated that the Food and Drug Administration require that the cigarette industry reveal the presence of these carcinogens. In the meantime, cigarette smoking has become not only the number one source of cancer deaths in the United States, but also a major contributor to heart disease and other health impacts. If the latter effects are included, smoking is estimated to have caused an average of 443,000 deaths and 5.1 million years of potential life lost among the U.S. population each year from 2000 through 2004. The estimated associated collective dose is more than 36 times that to the workers at all the U.S. nuclear power plants, U.S. Department of Energy nuclear weapons facilities, and crews of all the vessels in the U.S. Nuclear Navy. This unnecessary source of lung cancer deaths demands the utmost attention of the radiation protection and public health professions. PMID:20938238

  20. The first ICASE/LARC industry roundtable: Session proceedings

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Girimaji, Sharath

    1995-01-01

    The first 'ICASE/LaRC Industry Roundtable' was held on October 3-4, 1994, in Williamsburg, Virginia. The main purpose of the roundtable was to draw attention of ICASE/LaRC scientists to industrial research agendas. The roundtable was attended by about 200 scientists, 30% from NASA Langley; 20% from universities; 17% NASA Langley contractors (including ICASE personnel); and the remainder from federal agencies other than NASA Langley. The technical areas covered reflected the major research programs in ICASE and closely associated NASA branches. About 80% of the speakers were from industry. This report is a compilation of the session summaries prepared by the session chairmen.

  1. Federal legislation

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1988-12-01

    The following federal legislative report, with information on the status of geothermal legislation from the 100th Congress, current as of November 21, 1988, was compiled by Senate LEGIS. H.R. 235, Geothermal Energy Control Act of 1987, would create the National Geothermal Energy Commission to grant exclusive franchises for the exploration for and the commercial development of geothermal energy and for the right to market any such energy in its natural state, and for other purposes. H.R. 1662, Federal Lands Receipts Clarification Act, amends the Mineral Lands Leasing Act, the Mineral Leasing Act for Acquired Lands, and other federal law to specify that the states share of certain revenue from National Forest System timber sales, from oil and gas royalties, and from mineral and geothermal leases be determined on the basis of gross receipts. H.R. 1421, Federal Lands Receipts Clarification Act, would provide for a clarification of the receipt-sharing of amounts received from the National Forest System, geothermal leasing, mineral lands leasing, and oil- and gas-royalties. S. 1889, Geothermal Steam Act Amendments, was signed into law on 9/22/88. Several amendments are described which were proposed before S.1889 became law.

  2. Federal "Foundations."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toft, Robert J.

    1985-01-01

    Most of the federal agencies that support postsecondary education use a quasifoundation model. The agencies that support educational activities can be divided into categories depending on the focus of the grants awarded: direct support to institutions, agencies with a mission, and special concerns. (MLW)

  3. Federal Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Annals of the Deaf, 2003

    2003-01-01

    This listing provides directory information for federal offices that provide educational and rehabilitation services information for individuals with disabilities, including those with hearing impairments. Information is provided on the Office of Special Education Programs, the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research, and the…

  4. Awareness, knowledge and practices of breast cancer screening measures among female postgraduate students of a Nigerian Federal University: a cross-sectional study

    PubMed Central

    Ojelade, Mary Funmilayo; Sowunmi, C. Olanrewaju; Oluwatosin, O. Abimbola

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Annually, over a million new cases of breast cancer results in about 375,000 deaths worldwide. Recently, the burden of the disease has been on the increase in Nigeria and most cases present in hospitals late when cure becomes elusive. The choice of postgraduate students for this study was as a result of their potential to impact positively on the rest of the population by the virtue of their present or future positions. This forms the basis for this study. Methods This cross-sectional descriptive study recruited 278 female postgraduate students of the University of Ibadan, Nigeria as participants using purposive sampling technique. Data were collected with the aid of a validated structured questionnaire. The research protocol was approved by the UI/UCH Ethical Committee. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used for data analysis with the aid of Statistical Package of Social Sciences (SPSS) version 16. Results The students’ mean age was 27 years ± 5.1 Std. Most of the postgraduate students were aware of the breast self examination (BSE), clinical breast examination (CBE) and mammography through health workers. Out of 159 respondents that claimed to be practicing BSE, 118 (58.4%) used to practice it occasionally. Out of 53 postgraduate students that had CBE done, 7.4% had CBE done by nurse/midwives. Among the students 11.4% had good knowledge of BSE. Similarly, 33.7% had good knowledge of breast cancer risk factors. Besides, the higher the level of knowledge of breast cancer the more the possibility that postgraduate students will practice BSE (Chi-square = 15.169, df = 4, P-value = 0.004). Conclusion It is suggested that health workers should reach students within the academic communities with effective breast cancer prevention campaign programmes. Besides, both printed and electronic media should be used for dissemination of health education/information to ensure wider coverage. PMID:26688603

  5. Federated Giovanni

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lynnes, C.

    2014-01-01

    Federated Giovanni is a NASA-funded ACCESS project to extend the scope of the GES DISC Giovanni online analysis tool to 4 other Distributed Active Archive Centers within EOSDIS: OBPG, LP-DAAC, MODAPS and PO.DAAC. As such, it represents a significant instance of sharing technology across the DAACs. We also touch on several sub-areas that are also sharable, such as Giovanni URLs, workflows and OGC-accessible services.

  6. Workshops on Enhancing the Impact of University Research on Critical Technologies. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Eisenberger, Peter M.

    1998-12-01

    This proposal was designed to initiate a series of workshops in which participants from universities, government and industry would look strategically at selected areas of technological and societal importance. One of these workshops, dedicated to the discussion of how materials modeling can solve critical problems in industry, held at the Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California Santa Barbara, January 7 through 11, 1996. ''Modeling of Industrial Materials: Connecting Atomistic and Continuum Scales'' was the first of a coordinated series of workshops, spanning over two years, being organized by a group of academic scientists at UCSB, MIT, and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETH). On the premise that materials research focused on technology also presents fundamental scientific challenges, the Workshop sought to identify specific areas of industrial needs and opportunities for materials modeling, interpreted as theory and simulation across all the relevant length scales, and to stimulate meaningful university-industry partnerships.

  7. The Role of the Sellafield Ltd Centres of Expertise in Engaging with the Science, Environment and Technology Supply Chain and University Sector to Support Site Operations and Decommissioning in the UK Nuclear Industry - 13018

    SciTech Connect

    Butcher, Ed; Connor, Donna; Keighley, Debbie

    2013-07-01

    The development and maintenance of the broad range of the highly technical skills required for safe and successful management of nuclear sites is of vital importance during routine operations, decommissioning and waste treatment activities.. In order to maintain a core team of technical experts, across all of the disciplines required for these tasks, the approach which has been taken by the Sellafield Ltd has been the formation of twenty five Centres of Expertise (CoE), each covering key aspects of the technical skills required for nuclear site operations. Links with the Specialist University Departments: The CoE leads are also responsible for establishing formal links with university departments with specialist skills and facilities relevant to their CoE areas. The objective of these links is to allow these very specialist capabilities within the university sector to be more effectively utilized by the nuclear industry, which benefits both sectors. In addition to the utilization of specialist skills, the university links are providing an important introduction to the nuclear industry for students and researchers. This is designed to develop the pipeline of potential staff, who will be required in the future by both the academic and industrial sectors. (authors)

  8. Federal legislation

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1987-06-01

    The status is given of seven bills relating to geothermal energy before the 100th Congress. Information is given on the Geothermal Energy Control Act of 1987 (H.R. 235), two bills titled Federal Lands Receipts Clarification Act (H.R. 1662 and H.R. 1421), and three bills under the title Geothermal Steam Act Amendments (H.R. 2764, S. 1006 and 1889), and a bill to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to extend the energy investment credit for geothermal property (H.R. 3553).

  9. Universities That Litigate Patents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rooksby, Jacob H.

    2012-01-01

    American research universities frequently obtain and license patents to their faculty members' inventions. While university licensing is carefully tracked and thoroughly studied, little is known about university decisions to assertively litigate their patents through filing patent infringement lawsuits in federal court. Which universities…

  10. Frontiers in Industrial Arts Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MacDonnell, Elisabeth, Ed.; Strosnider, Floy, Ed.

    Presentation topics of the 28th annual American Industrial Arts Association Convention include: (1) "Where We Are in Federal Legislation Programs," (2) "Frontiers in Industrial Arts Education," and (3) "Industry's Cooperation with Education." Eleven symposia were conducted on the topic of "Implementing Frontier Ideas in Industrial Arts Education…

  11. Meeting the Knowledge Needs of the Academy and Industry: A Case Study of a Partnership between a University and a Large Energy Company in South Africa

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cele, Mlungisi Gabriel

    2005-01-01

    This case study examines the evolution of the 21-year research partnership between the University of Cape Town (UCT) and the South African Coal Oil and Gas Corporation (SASOL). The study finds that an individual academic has played a significant role in steering transformation research activities and culture in the university?s Chemical

  12. Meeting the Knowledge Needs of the Academy and Industry: A Case Study of a Partnership between a University and a Large Energy Company in South Africa

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cele, Mlungisi Gabriel

    2005-01-01

    This case study examines the evolution of the 21-year research partnership between the University of Cape Town (UCT) and the South African Coal Oil and Gas Corporation (SASOL). The study finds that an individual academic has played a significant role in steering transformation research activities and culture in the university?s Chemical…

  13. Critical Resource Effects on America's Universities: What's behind the Growing Entrepreneurial Orientation?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powers, Joshua B.

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of critical resource flows on technology transfer activity. The investigation focused on the impact on a university's licensing orientation of four sources of research and development (R&D) revenues: federal, state, industry, and institutional. By licensing orientation is meant the number of…

  14. For Better or Worse? The Uncertain Future of the State University.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Budig, Gene A.; Hammond, Martine F.

    1983-01-01

    A survey of vice presidents of major midwest public universities reveals concern about rising costs in higher education. Administrators favored financial aid partnerships between federal and state governments and business and industry. Although enrollments are steady and public support high, legislators tend to ignore higher education. (PB)

  15. Freedom of Science Information under Federal Law.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pritchard, David

    The Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) is a limited tool for science reporters seeking information about federally funded university research. The act applies only to information that is considered a "record" in possession of an "agency," both as defined by the act. Most university research and most universities do not meet the requirements of…

  16. Development of residency program guidelines for interaction with the pharmaceutical industry. Education Council, Residency Training Programme in Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ont.

    PubMed Central

    1993-01-01

    Medical residency programs are likely to face increasing pressure to address their relations with the pharmaceutical industry. Our internal medicine residency program has developed guidelines that were adopted after extensive debate by residents and faculty members. The guidelines are based on the principles that residents and faculty should set the educational agenda and that the residency program should not allow gifts of any sort from industry to residents. Specific policies include obtaining and screening educational materials from the industry before residents are exposed to them, proscribing "drug lunches" and accepting industry sponsorship only when the residency program maintains complete control of the educational event being sponsored. The industry response to the guidelines was split; about half reacted negatively, and half found the guidelines acceptable. Our experience suggests that productive debate about guidelines for the interaction of residency programs with the pharmaceutical industry is possible and desirable and that explicit policies can clarify areas of ambiguity. PMID:8348422

  17. Federal laboratories meet the marketplace

    SciTech Connect

    Adam, J.A.

    1990-10-01

    This article discusses US federal lab cooperation with industry. The author details research and development activities at Department of Energy funded laboratories, including Sandia, Lawrence Livermore, Los Alamos, Oak Ridge and Brookhaven National Laboratory. The technological developments discussed include a supercomputer information storage system, radiation-hardened microchips, and laser-drive x-ray lithography.

  18. Federal Geothermal Research Program Update Fiscal Year 1999

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2004-02-01

    The Department of Energy (DOE) and its predecessors have conducted research and development (R&D) in geothermal energy since 1971. To develop the technology needed to harness the Nation's vast geothermal resources, DOE's Office of Geothermal and Wind Technologies oversees a network of national laboratories, industrial contractors, universities, and their subcontractors. The following mission and goal statements guide the overall activities of the Office of Geothermal and Wind Technologies. This Federal Geothermal Program Research Update reviews the specific objectives, status, and accomplishments of DOE's Geothermal Program for Federal Fiscal Year (FY) 1999. The information contained in this Research Update illustrates how the mission and goals of the Office of Geothermal and Wind Technologies are reflected in each R&D activity. The Geothermal Program, from its guiding principles to the most detailed research activities, is focused on expanding the use of geothermal energy.

  19. [Engineering education reform plan created by Prof. Dr. Shimizu and establishment of Nagoya Municipal Science Museum--regarding cooperative education between universities and industries in Japan after the Second World War].

    PubMed

    Mabuchi, Koichi

    2014-07-01

    This paper gives an account of Prof. Dr. Kinji Shimizu, the first president of Nagoya Institute of Technology, and his establishment of Nagoya Municipal Science Museum. After graduating from the Electrical Engineering Department of Kyoto Imperial University in 1923, Shimizu was impressed by the German Museum in Munich during his stay there as a student in 1932. It's the first time that he learned the education in cooperation with industries. Just after the Second World War, he became director general of the Ministry of Education. However, new education system given by the United States focused not on developing practical ability but on gaining the basic knowledge, which is contrary to what he expected. Then, he contributed to the establishment of the Japanese Society for Engineering Education, besides working as the president of Nagoya Institute of Technology in the earlier 1950s. His idea was supported by industries for the economic growth. Throughout his career, Prof. Dr. Shimizu was convinced that practical engineering education would benefit Japan, and wanted to introduce cooperative education between universities and industries, along the lines of the same system in Germany and the United States. With this vision he founded Nagoya Municipal Science Museum in cooperation with local industries and local government as his final achievement. The museum was completed in 1964. PMID:25296516

  20. Proceedings of the American Society for Engineering Education - Relations with Industry Annual Conference (24th, University of Houston, January 13, 1972).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howell, John R., Ed.

    Reported are the proceedings of the Annual College-Industry Conference. A total of 28 papers is presented around the general theme: "Problems in Engineering Education Today." The headings of six sessions are: Continuing Education, Engineering and Management Joint Programs, The Growing Spectrum of Technical Education, Academic Industrial Interface,

  1. Proceedings of the American Society for Engineering Education - Relations with Industry Annual Conference (24th, University of Houston, January 13, 1972).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howell, John R., Ed.

    Reported are the proceedings of the Annual College-Industry Conference. A total of 28 papers is presented around the general theme: "Problems in Engineering Education Today." The headings of six sessions are: Continuing Education, Engineering and Management Joint Programs, The Growing Spectrum of Technical Education, Academic Industrial Interface,…

  2. 28 CFR 0.99 - Compensation to Federal prisoners.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Bureau of Prisons § 0.99 Compensation to Federal prisoners. The Board of Directors of Federal Prison... inmates or their dependents for injuries suffered in any industry or in any work activity in...

  3. 28 CFR 0.99 - Compensation to Federal prisoners.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Bureau of Prisons § 0.99 Compensation to Federal prisoners. The Board of Directors of Federal Prison... inmates or their dependents for injuries suffered in any industry or in any work activity in...

  4. 28 CFR 0.99 - Compensation to Federal prisoners.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Bureau of Prisons § 0.99 Compensation to Federal prisoners. The Board of Directors of Federal Prison... inmates or their dependents for injuries suffered in any industry or in any work activity in...

  5. The Department of Energy's Solar Industrial Program: New ideas for American industry

    SciTech Connect

    Anderson, J.V.; Hauser, S.G.; Clyne, R.J.

    1991-07-01

    As society becomes more and more sensitive to the environment, and energy supplies become more scarce, the application of solar energy is expanding into new areas. The industrial sector is one of the most difficult for solar energy to impact because of its technical diversity and economic requirements. However, the opportunities are still abundant. The Department of Energy's Solar Industrial Program is dedicated to advancing the applications of solar energy in this sector. Research and technology development activities are currently focused in three areas: solar process heat, advanced materials manufacturing, and destruction of chemical wastes. The Solar Energy Research Institute manages these activities for DOE with close interactions with other federal agencies, private industry, and universities. 7 figs.

  6. Rock-Mechanics Research. A Survey of United States Research to 1965, with a Partial Survey of Canadian Universities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC.

    The results of a survey, conducted by the Committee on Rock Mechanics, to determine the status of training and research in rock mechanics in presented in this publication. In 1964 and 1965 information was gathered by questionnaires sent to industries, selected federal agencies, and universities in both the United States and Canada. Results are…

  7. Teaching Litigation with the Federal Government.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sisk, Gregory C.

    1999-01-01

    Describes a course on civil litigation with the federal government at Drake University Law School (Iowa). Notes course objectives, including the practical aspects of federal government civil litigation, the concept of sovereign immunity in a democratic society, theories of statutory interpretation, and use of attorney fee shifting in such cases.…

  8. Understanding University Technology Transfer

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of American Universities, 2011

    2011-01-01

    Federal government agencies provide about $33 billion a year to universities to conduct scientific research. That continuing investment expands human knowledge and helps educate the next generation of science and technology leaders. New discoveries from university research also form the basis for many new products and processes that benefit the…

  9. Federating Metadata Catalogs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baru, C.; Lin, K.

    2009-04-01

    The Geosciences Network project (www.geongrid.org) has been developing cyberinfrastructure for data sharing in the Earth Science community based on a service-oriented architecture. The project defines a standard "software stack", which includes a standardized set of software modules and corresponding service interfaces. The system employs Grid certificates for distributed user authentication. The GEON Portal provides online access to these services via a set of portlets. This service-oriented approach has enabled the GEON network to easily expand to new sites and deploy the same infrastructure in new projects. To facilitate interoperation with other distributed geoinformatics environments, service standards are being defined and implemented for catalog services and federated search across distributed catalogs. The need arises because there may be multiple metadata catalogs in a distributed system, for example, for each institution, agency, geographic region, and/or country. Ideally, a geoinformatics user should be able to search across all such catalogs by making a single search request. In this paper, we describe our implementation for such a search capability across federated metadata catalogs in the GEON service-oriented architecture. The GEON catalog can be searched using spatial, temporal, and other metadata-based search criteria. The search can be invoked as a Web service and, thus, can be imbedded in any software application. The need for federated catalogs in GEON arises because, (i) GEON collaborators at the University of Hyderabad, India have deployed their own catalog, as part of the iGEON-India effort, to register information about local resources for broader access across the network, (ii) GEON collaborators in the GEO Grid (Global Earth Observations Grid) project at AIST, Japan have implemented a catalog for their ASTER data products, and (iii) we have recently deployed a search service to access all data products from the EarthScope project in the US (http://es-portal.geongrid.org), which are distributed across data archives at IRIS in Seattle, Washington, UNAVCO in Boulder, Colorado, and at the ICDP archives in GFZ, Potsdam, Germany. This service implements a "virtual" catalog--the actual/"physical" catalogs and data are stored at each of the remote locations. A federated search across all these catalogs would enable GEON users to discover data across all of these environments with a single search request. Our objective is to implement this search service via the OGC Catalog Services for the Web (CS-W) standard by providing appropriate CSW "wrappers" for each metadata catalog, as necessary. This paper will discuss technical issues in designing and deploying such a multi-catalog search service in GEON and describe an initial prototype of the federated search capability.

  10. Toward a Federal STEM Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brett, James T.

    2007-01-01

    Key New England industries including information technology, defense technology, biotechnology, environmental services, health care and university research rely upon people with skills in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) fields. Yet, just 20 percent of New England high school students who took the SATs in 2005 indicated a desire to…

  11. A research experiment on facilitation and formation of joint research and development programs between government, industry, and universities: Overview, preliminary findings, and observations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shariq, Syed Z.

    1992-01-01

    Presented is an overview of an experiment to explore the free-market approach to public-private collaboration through the development and implementation of a joint venture mechanism to enable formation of R&D projects between government, industry and academia. Some preliminary results related to time-to-commercialization and economic competitiveness are discussed.

  12. Mine development technology: The federal role

    SciTech Connect

    Graham, R.L.

    1995-12-31

    Solving the environmental and health and safety problems associated with new mining technology and new mining conditions serves both the industry`s and the Nation`s interests. As the Federal science agency concerned with the country`s mineral needs, the USBM has worked effectively with industry on these problems in the past. This partnership should continue in the future. It is a partnership that addresses both protection and productivity - a partnership that will help U.S. mining protect workers and the environment, make a profit, and contribute to a vibrant national economy. That partnership defines in brief the Federal role in mining and mine development technology.

  13. 76 FR 12211 - Government/Industry Aeronautical Charting Forum Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-04

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration Government/Industry Aeronautical Charting Forum Meeting AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of public meeting. SUMMARY: This notice announces the...

  14. 77 FR 13683 - Government/Industry Aeronautical Charting Forum Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration Government/Industry Aeronautical Charting Forum Meeting AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of public meeting. SUMMARY: This notice announces the...

  15. 75 FR 54221 - Government/Industry Aeronautical Charting Forum Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-03

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration Government/Industry Aeronautical Charting Forum Meeting AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of public meeting. SUMMARY: This notice announces the...

  16. 76 FR 53530 - Government/Industry Aeronautical Charting Forum Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration Government/Industry Aeronautical Charting Forum Meeting AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of public meeting. SUMMARY: This notice announces the...

  17. 78 FR 12415 - Government/Industry Aeronautical Charting Forum Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration Government/Industry Aeronautical Charting Forum Meeting AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of public meeting. SUMMARY: This notice announces the...

  18. 77 FR 50759 - Government/Industry Aeronautical Charting Forum Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration Government/Industry Aeronautical Charting Forum Meeting AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of public meeting. SUMMARY: This...

  19. 78 FR 52230 - Government/Industry Aeronautical Charting Forum Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration Government/Industry Aeronautical Charting Forum Meeting AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice of public meeting. SUMMARY: This notice announces the...

  20. Academic-industrial collaboration: the good, the bad, and the ugly.

    PubMed Central

    Martin, Joseph B.

    2002-01-01

    Academic-industrial collaborations and technology transfer have over the past 50 years played an increasingly prominent role in the biomedical sciences. University partnerships with industry can expedite the availability of innovative drugs and other medical technologies, bringing both important public health benefits and a source of income for universities and their faculty through a variety of financial arrangements. However, these relationships raise ethical concerns, particularly when research involves human subjects in clinical trials. Lapses in oversight of industry-sponsored clinical trials at universities, and especially patient deaths in a number of trials, have brought these issues into the public spotlight and have led the federal government to intensify its oversight of clinical research. The leadership of Harvard Medical School convened a group of leaders in academic medicine to formulate guidelines on individual financial conflicts of interest. They and other groups are working to formulate a national consensus on this issue. PMID:12053712