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1

The Effect of Attending Historically Black Colleges and Universities on Future Wages of Black Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data on 1,192 students from the National Longitudinal Survey-High School Class of 1972 showed that, although the precollege characteristics of black students who attended historically black colleges/universities (HBCUs) predicted lower wages, the value added to future wages from HBCU attendance was 38% higher than that from attending traditionally…

Constantine, Jill M.

1995-01-01

2

An Evaluative Study of the Academic Achievement of Homeschooled Students versus Traditionally Schooled Students Attending a Catholic University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research study was designed to provide a formal evaluation of the academic achievement of homeschooled students compared to traditionally schooled students attending a Catholic university located in South Florida. In addition, this study offers empirical data for all those interested in the academic success of homeschooled students in higher…

Snyder, Marc

2013-01-01

3

Cigarette smoking among college students attending a historically Black college and university.  

PubMed

Very little is known about the prevalence, patterns, social norms, and trends of smoking among students attending historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs). The current study assessed the prevalence, patterns, and norms associated with cigarette smoking among a cross-sectional random sample of 371 undergraduate college students at a historically Black university in North Carolina. Eighty-seven percent of the respondents were non-smokers. Eighty-six percent of the students reported that smoking was discouraged among their peers and 45% responded that they preferred associating with peers who did not smoke cigarettes. Seventy-one percent of the students responded that they did not smoke before the age of 18 and 55% reported that, while they were growing up, neither of their parents smoked. Preliminary findings of this study indicate that smoking is not widely practiced and has not become a socially acceptable or encouraged norm among college students attending an HBCU. PMID:16520524

Laws, Michelle A; Huang, Chien Ju; Brown, Roderick F; Richmond, Al; Conerly, Rhonda C

2006-02-01

4

The Relationship Between Attendance in Student-Centred Physics Tutorials and Performance in University Examinations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The School of Physics at the University of Sydney has introduced voluntary workshop tutorials in large first-year courses. The tutorials are based on informal cooperative groupings with structured worksheets and short hands-on activities. In this study we explore the relationship between attendance at the workshop tutorials and student performance…

Sharma, Manjula D.; Mendez, Alberto; O'Byrne, John W.

2005-01-01

5

How Do Students Meet the Cost of Attending a State University? Information Brief. Volume 4, Issue 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students and their families must cover, on average, 83% of the roughly $16,000 cost of attendance for a full-time, in-state undergraduate at a state university in Florida. On average, 75% of the cost of attendance in Florida's public universities is from expenses other than tuition and fees and books. The largest expense is room and board,…

Florida Board of Governors, State University System, 2007

2007-01-01

6

HIV-related behaviors among black students attending Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) versus white students attending a traditionally white institution (TWI).  

PubMed

Recent data indicated the unexpected movement of the HIV epidemic in the Southeastern US and the transmission among college students especially in black campuses. The current study is the first one attempted to assess and compare HIV-related behaviors among black students attending Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) and white students attending a traditionally white institution (TWI). Black students were recruited from HBCUs (n=222) and white students from a TWI (n=335) via online surveys. The majority of students in both samples were between 18 and 24 years old (mean = 20.65) and self-identified as heterosexual oriented (91%), although the HBCU sample revealed slightly higher proportion of females (81.1% vs. 72.5%). Data indicated different behavioral patterns. Although, both groups reported similar prevalence of oral and anal sex; after adjusting for age and gender, HBCU blacks were more likely to have had vaginal sex (OR = 1.7) and at younger age (16.3 vs. 17.5 years), more likely to have had Sexually Transmitted Infections (OR = 4.4), have been or gotten someone pregnant (OR = 3.6). They were, however, less likely to use alcohol before sex of any type, and more likely to have been tested for HIV (OR = 8.4), ask partner's status (OR = 3.8) or being asked of status (OR = 2.9). Comparing with TWI whites, HBCU blacks also perceived higher risk of HIV infection, higher peer norms toward vaginal and anal sex. The findings showed HBCU students taking more protective behaviors in some aspects while practicing riskier behaviors in others. Results have implications on developing tailored HIV behavioral interventions. PMID:20024762

Hou, Su-I

2009-08-01

7

Early Career Earnings of African American Students: The Impact of Attendance at Historically Black versus White Colleges and Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through nine-year longitudinal data and two-level hierarchical linear models, this study found that African American students have a similar prospect for early career earnings whether they attended an historically Black college and university (HBCU) or an historically White college and university (HWCU). Regardless of the type of institution they…

Kim, Mikyong Minsun

2011-01-01

8

Attitudes and Perceptions of White Students Attending Historically Black Colleges and Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many studies have been made over the past several years on black students and their academic performance at predominantly white institutions, but the reversed situation of white students attending historically black educational facilities has received minimal coverage. Based on a literature review and two surveys of white students at a black…

Hazzard, Terry

9

Problems and Expectations of University Students Attending Higher Education in Turkey: Orientation Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this research is to find out the problems and expectations of the students in Inonu University (in Malatya, a city in east Turkey) concerning the orientation services. An additional objective is to ascertain whether students' expectations with regard to orientation services differ according to their sex, their place of origin, and…

Kutlu, Mustafa

2005-01-01

10

The Influence of Religiosity and Spirituality on Drinking Behaviors: Differences between Students Attending Two Southern Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine if students (n = 431) from two southern universities--one in the "buckle" of the Bible-belt, the other a southern "border" state--have different drinking behaviors depending on their religiosity and spirituality. Approximately 95% of students indicated that they had at least one drink of alcohol during…

Dennis, Dixie L.; Cox, William; Black, Anne; Muller, Susan

2009-01-01

11

Alabama Bound: Identifying Factors Associated with Secondary Education Students' Choice of Attending The University of Alabama  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Alabama's primary competitor in recruiting is in-state rival Auburn University which lures away roughly one in eight of UA's admitted students. Two factors stand above all others in attracting students to UA--academic reputation and social activities reputation. Factors following distantly are a visit to the UA campus, financial assistance and the…

Acker, Jon Charles; Hughes, William W.; Fendley, William R., Jr.

2004-01-01

12

Mental Health Service Usage by Students Attending an Historically Black College/University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The advent of a changing world market and global economy has intensified the pressure experienced by today's college students. Competition for jobs, admittance into graduate school programs, and membership into prestigious honor societies led Dr. Richard Kadison, chief of mental health services at Harvard University and author of "College of the…

Henderson, Floyd T., II; Geyen, Dashiel; Rouce, Sandra D.; Griffith, Kimberly Grantham; Kritsonis, William Allan

2007-01-01

13

A Study of Core-Plus Students Attending Michigan State University  

Microsoft Academic Search

1. INTRODUCTION. One important measure of the effectiveness of a high school mathematics program is the success students have in subsequent university mathemat- ics courses. Yet this measure is seldom considered in studies of high school curricula. This article describes a study that we undertook to quantify this measure for one par- ticular curriculum. Readers of this MONTHLY may be

Richard O. Hill; Thomas H. Parker

14

A Comprehensive Examination of the Health Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviors of Students Attending Historically Black Colleges and Universities  

PubMed Central

There is limited information about African American students attending Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) in the areas of health behavior, health knowledge, and attitudes. To fill this gap, a comprehensive examination of first-year students was undertaken at a consortium of HBCUs. A non-random sample of 1,115 freshmen were administered a survey that assessed several domains including: (1) demographics, (2) general health, (3) smoking habits, (4) disease risk, (5) weight perception, (6) physical activity, (7) perceived stress, (8) eating habits, (9) social support, (10) personal/family medical history, (11) leadership, (12) domestic violence, (13) substance use, and (14) sexual behavior. In general, most students knew about health behaviors and disease risk. Areas that warrant further exploration include physical activity, sexual behavior, and drug use. The analyses provide key information for health education and prevention.

Hayes, Brenda D.; Holliday, Rhonda Conerly; Wade, Bruce H.; Trawick, Cynthia; Hodge, Michael; Caplan, Lee; Younge, Sinead; Quarshie, Alexander; Satcher, David

2013-01-01

15

Extending the Use of the Web-Based HIV Testing Belief Inventory to Students Attending Historically Black Colleges and Universities: An Examination of Reliability and Validity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sought to extend the use of a Web-based HIV Testing Belief Inventory (wHITBI), developed and validated in a majority White university in the southeastern United States, to students attending historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs). The 19-item wHITBI was reviewed by experts to qualitatively assess its construct validity,…

Hou, Su-I

2009-01-01

16

GENDER DIFFERENCES IN VIOLENCE EXPOSURE AMONG UNIVERSITY STUDENTS ATTENDING CAMPUS HEALTH CLINICS IN THE U.S. AND CANADA  

PubMed Central

Purpose To explore gender differences in prevalence, types, perpetrators and correlates of recent violence experiences among university students at campus clinics at 5 universities in the Midwest and Pacific Northwest U.S. and Canada. Methods Systematic survey of students presenting for routine primary care visits (N=2,091), pencil-&-paper screen for recent emotional and physical violence exposure (past 6 months), demographics, plus sensation seeking, at-risk alcohol use, and depression. Chi-square tests compared prevalence by gender; correlates for types of violence were analyzed separately for men and women using chi-square with adjusted standardized residuals comparing no violence, intimate partner violence (IPV) and other violence (Other). Results Similar rates of men (17%) and women (16%) reported any violence in the past 6 months; women were more likely to report emotional and men to report physical violence. Of those reporting emotional violence, 45.5% women and 50% men indicated it was IPV, and 23.7% women and 20.9% men reported physical IPV. Correlates differed by gender; demographics were not linked to IPV. At-risk drinking was associated with both IPV and Other violence for women, but only Other violence for men. Depression was the only correlate significantly linked to IPV for men. Conclusions Recent violence exposure among university students affects nearly 1 in 5 attending campus clinics. Screening for violence exposure should include both men and women, especially students who indicate heavy drinking patterns or depressive symptoms. Campus health promotion interventions should address healthy dating relationships. Further research on IPV among college men is needed.

Saewyc, Elizabeth M.; Brown, David; Plane, Mary Beth; Mundt, Marlon P.; Zakletskaia, Larissa; Wiegel, Jennifer; Fleming, Michael F.

2009-01-01

17

DEVELOP students attend conference  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Last month, Madeline Brozen and Jason Jones of the DEVELOP Program at John C. Stennis Space Center joined members from the program's national office at Langley Research Center to attend the Southern Growth Policies Board annual conference in Biloxi. Pictured are (l to r): Karen Allsbrook, Jonathan Gleason, Gov. Haley Barbour, Madeline Brozen, Lindsay Rogers and Tracey Silcox.

2009-01-01

18

Student Needs and Motives When Attending a University: Exploring the Syrian Case  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aims at exploring student needs and motives to pursue higher education in Syria. Based on the model of student buyer behavior developed by Kotler and Fox in 1995, the study focuses on the first step of this model, so-called motives. The study results are based on qualitative data collected by means of semi-structured styles of…

Al-Fattal, Anas; Ayoubi, Rami

2013-01-01

19

Gender and Higher Education in Different National Spaces: Female Palestinian Students Attending Israeli and Jordanian Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the higher education experience among Palestinian Arab females in two national spaces and seeks to determine whether studying at an Arab institution of higher learning in a nearby Arab country can alleviate the emotional and economic difficulties that affect Palestinian women at Israeli universities. What can institutions of…

Abu-Rabia-Queder, Sarab; Arar, Khaled

2011-01-01

20

What Is the Impact of Same-Race Alumni Mentoring on the Career Development of African American Students Attending Predominantly White Universities?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study is to examine the impact Black alumni may have on the career development of African American undergraduate students attending predominantly White universities. The narratives presented in this study aim to highlight the mentoring process and to provide new perspectives on theories of social integration, particularly…

Enge, Kari E.

2010-01-01

21

Student Success in First-Year University Physics and Mathematics Courses: Does the High-School Attended Make a Difference?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers school factors that contribute to a successful transition from high school to first-year university Physics courses at the University of British Columbia by employing a two-level hierarchical model. It is assumed that there is a relationship between student performance and the high school they graduated from. It is shown that…

Adamuti-Trache, Maria; Bluman, George; Tiedje, Thomas

2013-01-01

22

Knowledge of termination of pregnancy (TOP) legislation and attitudes toward TOP clinical training among medical students attending two South African universities.  

PubMed

Provision of safe, voluntary, termination of pregnancy (TOP) in South Africa is challenged by an insufficient number of TOP-trained clinicians. Medical students' understanding of TOP legality and their attitudes toward TOP training are indicators for future service provision. We administered a 63-item questionnaire to explore these issues at the University of Cape Town and Walter Sisulu University. Ordinary least squares regression assessed predictors of TOP legislation knowledge and training attitudes. Results: Of 1308 students, 95% knew that TOP was legal in South Africa, but few (27%) understood the specific provisions of the legislation beyond 13 weeks' gestation. Sixty-three percent desired more information about TOP. In multivariate models, female, white and sexually experienced students and students more advanced in school had better legislation knowledge (all p < .01). Attending religious services regularly (p < .01) was associated with lack of support for TOP training, whereas being in a relationship (p < .01) was associated with support for TOP training. PMID:23135069

Wheeler, Stephanie B; Zullig, Leah; Jungerwirth, Robert; Reeve, Bryce B; Buga, Geoffrey A; Morroni, Chelsea

2012-01-01

23

Health behaviors of students attending historically black colleges and universities: results from the National College Health Risk Behavior Survey.  

PubMed

The National College Health Risk Behavior Survey was administered to a convenience sample of students at 8 historically Black colleges and universities in 7 states. Analyses showed major differences in the men's and women's responses. The men were significantly more likely than the women to be current smokers. Also, they more frequently reported heavy drinking, drinking and driving in the past days 30 days, and carrying a weapon. The women were significantly more likely to view themselves as overweight, and more than one third reported they were trying to lose weight. More than one third of the students had not exercised or participated in sports activities for more than 20 minutes in the past 7 days. Because historically Black colleges and universities educate the majority of undergraduate Black college students, multidimensional programs to promote disease prevention and health promotion for Black college students must be expanded and evaluated. PMID:9394088

Fennell, R

1997-11-01

24

Attendance Policies, Student Attendance, and Instructor Verbal Aggressiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors utilized an experimental design across six sections of a managerial communications course (N = 173) to test the impact of instructor verbal aggressiveness and class attendance policies on student class attendance. The experimental group received a policy based on the principle of social proof (R. B. Cialdini, 2001), which indicated…

Snyder, Jason; Forbus, Robert; Cistulli, Mark

2012-01-01

25

Native American Students: Perceptions of Lived Experiences Attending a Small Predominantly White University in the Upper Midwest  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative study was to better understand the lived experiences of Native American students when studying on a predominantly white campus at a small university in the Upper Midwest. Using a phenomenological approach, the researcher interviewed each of the eight participants for one hour, although there were two interviews that…

Simons, Dennis Richard

2010-01-01

26

Keeping It Local: Geographic Patterns of University Attendance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The university attendance habits of Australians, in a geographic sense, are different from those in the United States, the United Kingdom and many other western countries. Australian university students are less likely to move between major cities to study. This paper finds that in addition to this, within a large metropolitan area, university

Edwards, Daniel

2009-01-01

27

Extending the use of the Web-based HIV Testing Belief Inventory to students attending historically Black colleges and universities: an examination of reliability and validity.  

PubMed

This study sought to extend the use of a Web-based HIV Testing Belief Inventory (wHITBI), developed and validated in a majority White university in the southeastern United States, to students attending historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs). The 19-item wHITBI was reviewed by experts to qualitatively assess its construct validity, clarity, relevancy, and comprehensiveness to HBCU students. Participants were recruited from 15 HBCUs (valid N = 372). Mean age was 20.5 years (SD = 2.4), 80% were females, 92% were heterosexual-oriented, and 58% had prior HIV test(s). Reliability coefficients revealed satisfactory internal consistencies (Cronbach's alphas: .58 approximately .85). Confirmatory factor analysis showed that items were loaded consistently with the four constructs: perceived benefits, concerns of HIV risk, stigma, and testing availability/accessibility. Data indicated good model fits (RMSEA = .06; CFI = .93; IFI = .93; RMS = .07), with all items loaded significantly. Findings showed that the psychometrics of wHITBI appears to maintain its integrity in this sample with satisfactory reliability coefficients and validities. PMID:19243233

Hou, Su-I

2009-02-01

28

Association between Lifestyle and School Attendance in Japanese Medical Students: A Pilot Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Lifestyle factors are thought to be associated with students' academic performance. Whether lifestyle factors were associated with medical students' school attendance was determined. Design: Cross-sectional design. Setting: The study group consisted of 157 healthy second-year medical students attending Osaka City University Graduate…

Tanaka, Masaaki; Watanabe, Yasuyoshi

2012-01-01

29

A Linear Programming Model for Assigning Students to Attendance Centers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A linear programing model and procedures for optimal assignment of students to attendance centers are presented. An example of the use of linear programing for the assignment of students to attendance centers in a particular school district is given. (CK)

Ontjes, Robert L.

30

CORE-OM mental health norms of students attending university counselling services benchmarked against an age-matched primary care sample  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whilst concern has been expressed at the increasing severity of the mental health of students, there has been very little research on this growing population outside of small, single institution studies. The aims of this paper are to provide CORE Outcome Measure (CORE-OM) norms for the psychological health of students across multiple sites receiving university counselling, and benchmark these against

Janice Connell; Michael Barkham; John Mellor-Clark

2007-01-01

31

86 Pct. of Students Attend College in Home States, U.S. Study Finds.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A national study indicates 86 percent of students attend college in their home states, with the highest proportions in Texas and North Carolina and the lowest in the District of Columbia. Most state residents attend state colleges and universities, and out-of-state students are evenly divided between public and private institutions. (MSE)

Chronicle of Higher Education, 1987

1987-01-01

32

A regression-based predictive model of student attendance at UVA men's basketball games  

Microsoft Academic Search

A regression-based predictive model was developed to allow better prediction of attendance for the student general admission seats at University of Virginia men's home basketball games. The goal was to improve upon the existing prediction method that yielded prediction errors sometimes exceeding one thousand students. Based on the existing attendance prediction method and a literature review, twenty candidate factors were

Thomas L. Walls Jr; E. J. Bass

2004-01-01

33

[Characteristics of nursing students attending the University Courses for Nursing Diploma at Trento: reasons for their choices in the first trimester].  

PubMed

Motivations and reasons for the choice of the nursing course were explored in the students applying for the university nursing courses from 1995 to 1998. Aim of the study was to trace a picture of students' characteristics but also to have elements to promote campaigns for increasing the number of applicants. Overall, 183 first year students (70 in 1995; 60 in 1996 and 53 in 1997) were administered a questionnaire with questions related to socioanagraphic data, reasons for the choice of the University Diploma in Nursing Sciences (DUSI) and aspects of the nursing profession considered positive and negative. The 87% of the students had previous work experiences, more than 20% in the health field and a larger number in the social field. The main reasons for choosing the DUSI are the strong connections between theory and practice and the opportunity of working soon after the course. Fifty per cent of the students make definitely up their mind on the final choice of becoming a nurse during the course: in fact only 55% of the students are moderately-strongly convinced of practising the nursing profession when they enter the curriculum. The data are commented on with special attention to the implications for the contents and strategies of a campaign or ad hoc initiatives aimed at increasing the number of students that apply to the nursing courses. PMID:10909329

Castelli, C; Saiani, L

1999-01-01

34

Factors Influencing the Engagement of White Undergraduates Attending Public Historically Black Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to identify factors that influence the engagement of White, undergraduate students attending public HBCUs. Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) have experienced an increase in White, undergraduate student enrollment since the early 1980s (American Association of University Professors, 2007; Libarkin,…

Carter, Joelle Isabeth Davis

2010-01-01

35

Investigating Level of Mathematics Knowledge for Students Attending Vocational Schools in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students attend mathematics courses in Turkey for totally 11 years, throughout education life ranging from primary school to university, including eight years in primary education and three years in secondary education (four years based on new arrangement); however, level of mathematic knowledge of students is upsetting when they reach university

Colakoglu, Nurdan

2013-01-01

36

School Characteristics that Influence Student Attendance: Experiences of Students in a School Avoidance Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the reasons that four high school students who had previously refused to attend school willingly attended an alternative K-12 school for students with special needs. The two research questions that framed this study were (a) why do students who refused to attend their regular schools willingly attend Brookfield Park? and (b) in…

Wilkins, Julia

2008-01-01

37

Reasons to Attend College Among Ethnically Diverse College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

A survey of 713 ethnically diverse university freshmen (463 Latino, 167 Asian American, 54 African American, 29 European American) assessed reasons for attending college, ethnic identity, family interdependence, and college adjustment. Results revealed three reasons for attending college not reported in previous research: to help one's family, to prove one's self-worth, and because of encouragement. Attending college to help the

Jean S. Phinney; Jessica Dennis; Saloniki Osorio

2006-01-01

38

The Surveillance of Learning: A Critical Analysis of University Attendance Policies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universities have recently strengthened their class attendance policies along with associated practices that intensify the surveillance of learning: a series of administrative and pedagogic strategies that monitor the extent to which students conform with behavioural expectations associated with learning. Drawing on university policy statements,…

Macfarlane, Bruce

2013-01-01

39

The University and Student Political Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior research has identified a substantial positive relationship between college attendance and civic engagement. This article examines student experiences with university academics and ancillary programs to determine which of these, if any, motivate increased student engagement. Various student characteristics were evaluated to determine their…

Simmons, James R.; Lilly, Bryan

2010-01-01

40

Professor's Role in Motivating Students to Attend Class  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is important for college teachers to motivate their students because student motivation correlates with a student's academic achievement. This study was concerned with exploring what intrinsically motivates college students to continue attending class; what brings them to class because of a desire to be there, not because of external factors…

Brewer, Ernest W.; Burgess, David N.

2005-01-01

41

To Attend or Not To Attend: Guiding All Students in the Right Direction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that a perpetual cycle of education deprivation is embedded in our educational system that forces some of the best students into a vocational education path that may not include attending college. Proposes that students must be educated early about the value of a college education and must be aware that they are making decisions with…

Smith, Irving; Johnson, Robert E.

2003-01-01

42

Fifteen Effective Strategies for Improving Student Attendance and Truancy Prevention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Improving student attendance and truancy prevention have always been areas of concern for educators, as well as, community members, and legislators. Students who are not in school cannot learn, and frequently drop out. Truant students often engage in high-risk behaviors that eventually entangle them in the juvenile justice system. Since 1986, the…

Smink, Jay; Reimer, Mary S.

2005-01-01

43

The impact of charter school attendance on student performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

We employ a panel of individual student data on math and reading test performance for five cohorts of students in Texas to study the impact of charter school attendance. We control for school mobility effects and distinguish movement to a charter school from movement within and between traditional public school districts. We find students experience poor test score growth in

Kevin Booker; Scott M. Gilpatric; Timothy Gronberg; Dennis Jansen

2007-01-01

44

Cooperative Attending Skills Training for ESL Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In learning a second language, an important threshold has been crossed when authentic, extended communication with native speakers becomes possible. At that point, the learner is able to take a proactive role in interactions, gaining at least some real control over the topic, course, and purpose of a conversation. Training in attending skills set…

Acton, William; Cope, Corrine.

45

Black Immigrants and Black Natives Attending Selective Colleges and Universities in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This analysis uses data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Freshmen (NLSF) to study black immigrants and natives attending selective colleges and universities in the United States. In the NLSF, 747 black students were of native origin, and 281 were of immigrant origin, yielding an overall immigrant percentage of 27 percent. The…

Massey, Douglas S.; Mooney, Margarita; Torres, Kimberly C.; Charles, Camille Z.

2007-01-01

46

Racial Identity and Psychological Symptoms among African Americans Attending a Historically Black University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research found racial identity predictive of psychological distress among African American students at predominantly White colleges. This study examined these relationships among 154 African American undergraduates attending a historically Black university. Racial identity was independent of psychological distress, suggesting that African…

Gilbert, Stefanie C.; So, Dominicus; Russell, Tina Maria; Wessel, Thomas R.

2006-01-01

47

Understandings and misconceptions of biology concepts held by students attending small high schools and students attending large high schools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Do students from small high schools show fewer understandings and more misconceptions of biology concepts than students attending large high schools? Fifty students attending large high schools (enrollments exceeding 900 students) and fifty students attending small high schools (enrollments less than 150 students) were randomly selected and than evaluated on their understandings and misunderstandings of four biology concepts: diffusion, homeostasis, food production in plants, and classification of animals and plants. Students attending small high schools showed less instances of understanding and more instances of misunderstanding the concepts of diffusion and homeostasis. These differences could be related to a higher percentage of students in large schools capable of formal operations; sound understanding of diffusion and homeostasis required students to use formal operations. No difference was observed between the large and small school samples for the concepts of food production in plants and classification of plants and animals. Students in the small school sample lived in agricultural communities and their daily experiences allowed them to develop some understanding of food production in plants and prevented instances of misunderstandings from being developed. Classification of animals and plants required concrete operations to understand; therefore, students in small schools were capable of developing sound understanding as well as students from large schools.

Simpson, William D.; Marek, Edmund A.

48

CORE-OM Mental Health Norms of Students Attending University Counselling Services Benchmarked against an Age-Matched Primary Care Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whilst concern has been expressed at the increasing severity of the mental health of students, there has been very little research on this growing population outside of small, single institution studies. The aims of this paper are to provide CORE Outcome Measure (CORE-OM) norms for the psychological health of students across multiple sites…

Connell, Janice; Barkham, Michael; Mellor-Clark, John

2007-01-01

49

Attendance and Student Performance in Undergraduate Chemistry Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Numerous studies suggest that attendance may be one of the key factors which influence student performance. Although there have been many studies in introductory science courses, there have been virtually no studies which analyze and compare students' performance from different types of institutions as well as different level of classes. Our study…

Lyubartseva, Ganna; Mallik, Uma Prasad

2012-01-01

50

Improving Student Attendance with School, Family, and Community Partnerships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers and policy makers have questioned the efficacy of family-involvement interventions. They believe that more studies are needed to compare outcomes of students whose families received a partnership intervention with those who did not. The author used data from the state of Ohio to compare student attendance in elementary schools that…

Sheldon, Steven B.

2007-01-01

51

Prevalence of Sufficient Physical Activity among Parents Attending a University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The benefits of regular physical activity are well documented. However, approximately half of all university students are insufficiently active, and no research to date exists on the activity behavior of university students who are also parents. Participants and Methods: Using an adapted version of the Godin Leisure Time Exercise…

Sabourin, Sharon; Irwin, Jennifer

2008-01-01

52

Relations between Faculty Use of Online Academic Resources and Student Class Attendance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We investigated connections between faculty use of online resources and student class attendance. Of particular interest was whether online submission of course assignments is detrimental to attendance. Students and faculty at a small, liberal arts college completed surveys about student attendance patterns, student reasons for non-attendance,…

Kinlaw, C. Ryan; Dunlap, Linda L.; D'Angelo, Jeffrey A.

2012-01-01

53

Students' College Preparation Level Based on Quality Factors of the High School Attended  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present qualitative study examined the views and perspectives of five Executive Directors of Admissions of Midwestern colleges and universities to seek data on high school students' college preparation level based on the quality factors of the high school they attended. Interviews were conducted using multiple open-ended questions on various…

Richmond, Lori M.

2011-01-01

54

Guess Who's (Not) Coming to Class: Student Attitudes as Indicators of Attendance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 172 undergraduates, carried out during the fall 2002 and spring 2003 semesters at a large research university in the Midwestern United States, found, as expected, a statistically significant positive relationship (r = 0.174, p [is less than] 0.05) between the importance students attributed to attendance and the rates at which they…

Gump, Steven E.

2006-01-01

55

Student Preparation Workbook for Outdoor School Attendance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sixth grade students can prepare for the Multnomah County, Oregon, Outdoor School experience by completing the workbook designed to provide fundamental information about soil, water, plant, and animal resources. The workbook begins with an introduction to environmental manners, after which a section is devoted to each resource area. The glossary…

Gilfillan, Warren C.; And Others

56

Minority Students' Perceptions of Variables Affecting Their Selection of a Large University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined factors which influence beginning college minority students' (n=332) decisions to attend a major midwestern university. Compared perceptions of Blacks, Hispanics, Asians, Native Americans, and Appalachian Whites. Found primary reason for attending university was proximity to home. (ABL)

Stewart, Mac A.; Post, Phyllis

1990-01-01

57

Why do students miss lectures? A study of lecture attendance amongst students of health science.  

PubMed

In the domain of health sciences, attendance by students at lectures is more critical. Lecture attendance is an issue which has been widely neglected. This study aims to determine those factors which affect the lecture attendance. The research data was collected by means of a questionnaire during the second semester of the academic year 2010-2011 from second-year students of the Faculties of Medicine, Pharmacy, Dentistry and Nursing. Together with demographic data, the questionnaire includes a Likert-type scale aiming to determine the factors influencing attendance at lectures. 663 participated in this study on a voluntary basis from Medical, Dentistry, Pharmacy and Nursing Faculties. Raising attainment levels, being able to take their own lecture notes, learning which aspects of the lecture content were being emphasized, and the opportunity to ask questions were amongst the chief reasons for attending lectures. It appears that the factors preventing students from attending lectures are mainly individual. Amongst the most frequently cited causes of non-attendance, sleeplessness, ill health and the inefficiency of lectures in overcrowded halls are emphasized. In the totals and sub-dimensions of the Lecture Attendance Scale, Medical Faculty students have average scores higher than those of students at other faculties. The vital nature of professional expertise and its applications, health sciences students' attendance at lectures carries greater importance. It is important to strengthen the mentoring system with regard to individual and external factors, which have been implicated as having a substantial influence on lecture attendance by students. PMID:22863210

Bati, A Hilal; Mandiracioglu, Aliye; Orgun, Fatma; Govsa, Figen

2013-06-01

58

The Ties That Bind: Bonding Versus Bridging Social Capital and College Student Party Attendance  

PubMed Central

Objective: This study explored the relationship between bonding and bridging social capital and college student attendance at alcohol-present parties, a common method for building informal social networks. Method: A random sample of students (n = 6,291; 52% female) from a large public midwestern university completed a survey regarding their alcohol use and party-related behaviors on targeted weekends. The survey also included questions regarding students’ living arrangements, romantic relationships, and membership in student and community organizations. Results: Based on a dichotomous logistic regression analysis, we concluded that the act of attending parties largely serves as a complement to, rather than a substitute for, more conventional and formal social capital. Membership in bonding groups is associated with increased odds of party attendance, and bridging exerts no direct effect on party attendance. However, bridging capital does mitigate the effect of bonding capital, reducing its apparent tendency to promote or contribute to partying. Conclusions: Off-campus parties may offer an informal supplement to more conventional social capital as students establish themselves in their new context. These findings may have implications for structural decisions (e.g., number of roommates) as well as the design of context-based prevention programs that address students’ need to quickly build social capital without exposing both themselves and the students around them to the harms associated with high-risk drinking.

Buettner, Cynthia K.; Debies-Carl, Jeffrey S.

2012-01-01

59

Student and Teacher Attendance: The Role of Shared Goods in Reducing Absenteeism  

Microsoft Academic Search

A theoretical model is advanced that demonstrates that, if teacher and student attendance generate a shared good, then teacher and student attendance will be mutually reinforcing.  Using data from the Northwest Frontier Province of Pakistan, empirical evidence supporting that proposition is advanced.  Controlling for the endogeneity of teacher and student attendance, the most powerful factor raising teacher attendance is the

Ritwik Banerjee; Elizabeth M. King; Peter Orazem; Elizabeth M. Paterno

2010-01-01

60

In-Group and Role Identity Influences on the Initiation and Maintenance of Students' Voluntary Attendance at Peer Study Sessions for Statistics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Although class attendance is linked to academic performance, questions remain about what determines students' decisions to attend or miss class. Aims: In addition to the constructs of a common decision-making model, the theory of planned behaviour, the present study examined the influence of student role identity and university student

White, Katherine M.; O'Connor, Erin L.; Hamilton, Kyra

2011-01-01

61

Virtual Attendance: Analysis of an Audiovisual over IP System for Distance Learning in the Spanish Open University (UNED)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyzes a system of virtual attendance, called "AVIP" (AudioVisual over Internet Protocol), at the Spanish Open University (UNED) in Spain. UNED, the largest open university in Europe, is the pioneer in distance education in Spain. It currently has more than 300,000 students, 1,300 teachers, and 6,000 tutors all over the…

Vazquez-Cano, Esteban; Fombona, Javier; Fernandez, Alberto

2013-01-01

62

What's the Story with Class Attendance? First-Year Students: Statistics and Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a growing concern among academics regarding the poor class attendance patterns of undergraduate students. The reasons why students choose to attend or not attend classes have been investigated from numerous perspectives. Many have sought to explore the relationship between class attendance and academic performance. While there is much…

van Schalkwyk, S.; Menkveld, H.; Ruiters, J.

2010-01-01

63

Attendance and Exam Performance at University: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The link between absenteeism and students' academic performance at university is perpetually a hot topic for teaching academics. Most studies suggest the effect is negative, although the strength of this effect is in dispute. The issue is complicated further when researchers draw their inferences from different angles, such as the removal of a…

Allen, David O.; Webber, Don J.

2010-01-01

64

The Impact of Attendance and Student Characteristics on Academic Achievement: Findings from an Undergraduate Business Management Module  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article provides an empirical investigation into the impact of attendance and student characteristics on academic achievement in higher education. It is based on a study of 127 students who completed coursework for a taught undergraduate business management module at London Metropolitan University between 2003/4 and 2005/6. The article…

Halpern, Nigel

2007-01-01

65

Student Perceptions of School Attendance at Alternative High Schools in Texas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to investigate alternative high school students' perceptions of attendance and to determine if a relationship existed among those perceptions, student attendance rates, and Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) mathematics scores. Using survey methods, data were collected from 76 high school students who attended

Ogea, Angelique

2009-01-01

66

Prevalence and Correlates of Self-Injury among University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors' purpose in this research was to establish estimates of the prevalence and correlates of nonsuicidal self-injury among university students. Participants: The authors recruited participants (N = 2, 843) from a random sample of 5, 021 undergraduate and graduate students attending a large midwestern public university. Methods:…

Gollust, Sarah Elizabeth; Eisenberg, Daniel; Golberstein, Ezra

2008-01-01

67

First-Generation Social and Ethnic Minority Students in Christian Universities: Student Recommendations for Successful Support of Diverse Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article, the second in a two-part series, provides an overview of the literature regarding first-generation college students (FGCS), which has been largely based on studies of students in public universities. The author shares outcomes from structured dialogues with FGCS attending Christian universities. The students described how their…

Ecklund, Kathryn

2013-01-01

68

Patterns of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) Reported among Students in a Federal University in Midwestern Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study analysed the patterns of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) among students in a Nigerian University. It is a retrospective study of 38,933 students who attended the University Health Centre from 2001 to 2005. The results showed that 1.8% of all the students who attended the clinic had STIs. The study also revealed that 85.26% of the…

Omobude-Idiado, S. N.; Bazuaye, G. N.

2009-01-01

69

Attending  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

So you'd like to invite some friends and colleagues to an event? There are plenty of ways to accomplish this task and the Attending application can handle it with ease. Visitors don't need to sign in but can create their own free event page straight away. As the site notes, the point of this application is to help users "put on any kind of small, free, useful event." It is compatible with all operating systems.

2014-02-27

70

To Attend or Not to Attend? Why Some Students Chose School and Others Reject It  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article considers the issues of attendance and non-attendance, the latter of which has been recently linked with "behaviour" in a range of policy initiatives in England. John Dwyfor Davies and John Lee review some of the existing material on non-attendance and then draw on data they have collected in one large English city. The authors…

Davies, John Dwyfor; Lee, John

2006-01-01

71

A day in the life of a University student  

Microsoft Academic Search

The University of Notre Dame Australia’s Fremantle Campus held its annual “A day in the life of a University student” last week where around 180 high school students from years 10 through to 12 were able to experience life on campus.\\u000aThe students attending were from a range of High Schools including Santa Maria College, Methodist Ladies College, Bunbury Cathedral

Michelle Ebbs

2005-01-01

72

The Student as University Resident.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The distinction between the student as campus resident (if the residential relationship is viewed as one of contract) and the student as private citizen appears to be fair to both university and student. But, whether the university is considered primarily an academic institution or an instrument of government, the off campus/on campus distinction…

Van Alstyne, William W.

1968-01-01

73

How I teach medical students as an attending physician.  

PubMed

The General Professional Education of the Physician (GPEP) Report (1984) recommended a major re-examination of the clinical clerkship, so that medical students could master the basic skills of medicine before graduation. These include clinical observation, interviewing, physical examination, and problem-solving skills. This essay discusses the teaching approach of one attending physician during the third year ward clerkship in pediatrics. It describes how many of the goals of clinical medical education can be accomplished during the clerkship in a practical, realistic way. It is the only description about what happens during the teaching sessions of a clinical clerkship on a day by day basis in the medical literature. This approach may serve as a model for clinical teachers of medicine in the organization and planning of the clerkship experience. PMID:1406136

Bellet, P S

1992-01-01

74

Comparison of Health-Risk Behaviors among Students Attending Alternative and Traditional High Schools in Minnesota  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research, over a decade old, suggests students attending alternative high schools (AHS) engage in high levels of health-risk behaviors. Data from the 2007 Minnesota Student Survey for students attending AHS ("n" = 2,847) and traditional high schools (THS; "n" = 87,468) were used for this cross-sectional analysis to…

Johnson, Karen E.; McMorris, Barbara J.; Kubik, Martha Y.

2013-01-01

75

The Impact of Tutoring Attendance on the GPAs of Postsecondary Students with Learning Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship between GPAs and attendance at individualized tutoring sessions for 530 students with learning disabilities enrolled in a student support program. Student GPA and attendance records for individualized tutoring sessions identified two groups: four or fewer and five or more no shows over a nine-semester period.…

Lock, Robin H.; Layton, Carol A.

2008-01-01

76

Gender Differences in Perceived Role Conflict among University Student-Athletes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perceptions of role conflict of university student-athletes were explored, with a focus on differences in perceptions of role conflict between female and male student-athletes. Data were collected from 169 university student-athletes attending a southeastern university using a group administered questionnaire. Analysis of a ten item role conflict…

Lance, Larry M.

2004-01-01

77

A Modified Language Acquisition Program for Use by Attendants and Attendant-Supervised Retarded Trainer-Student Pairs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described is the Modified Language Acquisition Program (MLAP) which used trainable mentally retarded trainers to teach basic language skills to severely and profoundly retarded students in a state hospital. Provided are a flow chart and procedural description to guide the use of the MLAP with attendant-supervised retarded trainers and a second…

Snell, Martha E.

78

Label Reading for University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to evaluate comprehension of food labeling in the university student. The release of the new Nutrition Facts food label provided a unique opportunity to assess skill in interpreting the new information provided on the label. One hundred and eighty-four university students enrolled in a basic level nutrition course were tested before receiving classroom education.

D. A. Downes; C. K. Probart; E. L. Mattes

1995-01-01

79

Gifted Students' Transition to University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transition from school to university presents novel demands for all students. Although this educational milestone has been addressed by scholars, particularly those interested in the study of higher education, there is a dearth of literature regarding gifted students' experience of their handling demands of first-year university. In the…

Mendaglio, Sal

2013-01-01

80

Student Engagement Patterns over the Duration of Level 1 and Level 3 Geography Modules: Influences on Student Attendance, Performance and Use of Online Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Greater flexibility in delivery resulting from increased use of e-learning will inevitably change the way university students approach studying. Recent studies have examined relationships between attendance, online learning and performance but findings are inconclusive. One concern is that an unintended consequence of placing lecture resources…

Stewart, Martyn; Stott, Tim; Nuttall, Anne-Marie

2011-01-01

81

Lecture Attendance and Web Based Lecture Technologies: A Comparison of Student Perceptions and Usage Patterns  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates the impact of web based lecture recordings on learning and attendance at lectures. Student opinions regarding the perceived value of the recordings were evaluated in the context of usage patterns and final marks, and compared with attendance data and student perceptions regarding the usefulness of lectures. The availability…

von Konsky, Brian R.; Ivins, Jim; Gribble, Susan J.

2009-01-01

82

Student and Teacher Attendance: The Role of Shared Goods in Reducing Absenteeism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A theoretical model is advanced that demonstrates that, if teacher and student attendance generate a shared good, then teacher and student attendance will be mutually reinforcing. Using data from the Northwest Frontier Province of Pakistan, empirical evidence supporting that proposition is advanced. Controlling for the endogeneity of teacher and…

Banerjee, Ritwik; King, Elizabeth M.; Orazem, Peter F.; Paterno, Elizabeth M.

2012-01-01

83

Students' Reactions to Attending 12-Step Meetings: Implications for Counselor Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This content analysis of reflective papers examined undergraduate and graduate students' reactions to attending a 12-step meeting. Qualitative analysis of student comments suggested that meeting attendance had a personal impact and increased understanding of the purpose of 12-step programs. Implications for counselor educators are discussed.

Sias, Shari M.; Goodwin, Lloyd R., Jr.

2007-01-01

84

An Academic Intervention Program for EFL University Students With Reading Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the past, students with learning disabilities who wished to attend university were unable to meet the entry requirements. With the progress of research in diagnosis, accommodation, and remediation of reading disabilities, many of these students are now able to attend and complete their academic and professional education. Yet in many cases the…

Schiff, Rachel; Calif, Sharon

2004-01-01

85

Students at Historically Black Colleges and Universities: Their Aspirations & Accomplishments. Policy Information Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Few studies have compared the educational experiences and outcomes of students attending historically black colleges and universities (HBCU) to those of students attending traditionally white institutions. This study consists of three analyses that contain some justification for the continued existence of HBCUs, threatened by court decisions that…

Wenglinsky, Harold

86

Underrepresented minority students' experiences at Baylor College of Dentistry: perceptions of cultural climate and reasons for choosing to attend.  

PubMed

A study was conducted at Texas A&M University Baylor College of Dentistry (TAMBCD) in fall 2011 to identify the reasons underrepresented minority (URM) students chose to attend TAMBCD, the factors that supported their success as enrolled students, and their perceptions of the institution's cultural climate. A survey distributed online to all URM students received a 79 percent response rate (129/164). The respondents were primarily Hispanic (62 percent Mexican American and other Hispanic) and African American (33 percent) and had attended a college pipeline program (53 percent). The top reasons these students chose TAMBCD were reputation, location, and automatic acceptance or familiarity from being in a predental program. Alumni had most influenced them to attend. Regarding support services, the largest percentage reported not using any (44 percent); personal advising and tutoring were reported to be the most commonly used. In terms of climate, discrimination was reported by 22 percent (n=29), mostly from classmates and clinical faculty. The majority (87 percent) reported their cultural competence program was "effective" and agreed that faculty (83 percent), staff (85 percent), and students (75 percent) were culturally competent. Overall, the students were "satisfied" with how they were treated (88 percent), their education (91 percent), and the services/resources (92 percent). This information is being used to continue to improve the school's cultural climate and to conduct a broader assessment of all students. PMID:24609343

McCann, Ann L; Lacy, Ernestine S; Miller, Barbara H

2014-03-01

87

Science Laboratory Classes for Science Students in Tohoku University  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 2004, Tohoku University started a new introductory experimental science course for freshmen. This course was intended to aid students in thinking logically and in understanding the fundamental concepts of natural phenomena. We combined physics, chemistry, biology, and earth sciences and set up a five themes entitled, “Life, Energy, Earth and Environment, Materials, and Science and Culture” . More than 1,800 students, including 810 engineering students, of all the science-related subjects attended these classes. Of the students taking the classes, 62% were favorable to them in 2004 and 68% in 2007, whilst only 50% of the students were positive about the old course in 2003.

Suto, Shozo

88

University Student Perceptions of the Relationship between University Education and the Labour Market in Egypt and Oman  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How do university students perceive the key relationship between their university education and the labour market? This article describes the perceptions that 827 Egyptian and Omani seniors--both males and females, studying commerce, education, and engineering--hold about that relationship. For these students, a major motivation for attending

Al-Harthi, Hamood K.

2011-01-01

89

Factors that Impact Two-Year College Attendance and Program Enrollment among Community College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research suggests that numerous factors affect community college attendance. Therefore, when students choose to attend community college, those factors often are key aspects of their decisions. Nonetheless, limited information exists that identifies which particular traits affect community college choice and how the background characteristics of…

McCullough, Aaron Keith

2010-01-01

90

Student Attendance Policies at El Centro College: Their Rationales and Results.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1976 El Centro College tightened its attendance policies--the bases for dropping students for excessive absences. Though operated under a common administrative system, each program, division, or individual instructor set up whatever policy seemed most appropriate. A faculty questionnaire examined the newly developed attendance policies and a…

Kelso, Genell

91

A Comparative Analysis of Preschool Attendance and Reading Achievement among Second-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preschool attendance is considered an important factor for predicting later success in literacy achievement. This quantitative ex-post facto study examined whether attendance of public prekindergarten is related to improved reading achievement in 2nd grade students in a rural, southeastern school district. The learning theories of Piaget, Bandura,…

Burton, Kelly Latham

2011-01-01

92

Reasons for Attending, Expected Obstacles, and Degree Aspirations of Asian Pacific American Community College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined how the academic aspirations of Asian Pacific Americans (APAs) attending community colleges are influenced by their demographic and educational background, reasons for attending, and obstacles they expect to encounter. The sample consisted of 846 APAs out of a total student sample of 5,000 in an urban community college…

Wang, Winnie W.; Chang, June C.; Lew, Jonathan W.

2009-01-01

93

The Relationship between Attendance and Academic Performance in Further Education College A/S Psychology Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation examined the relationship between attendance and examination performance. Psychology students (179) took A/S psychology modules; their results were correlated with their attendance up to the examination date. The data were subjected to a Pearson Product Moment Correlation and a statistically significant result was found. (p…

Wigley, Stephen C.

2009-01-01

94

Integrating Effective and Beneficial Interventions to Increase Student Attendance in an Elementary School Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The action research study revealed the effectiveness of recent interventions to the attendance process of a single elementary school located in the Southern United States. The study evaluated the benefits and impact of the interventions, and other possible interventions to increase student attendance. An explanation of each intervention is…

Peek, Sarah D.

2009-01-01

95

Comparison of health-risk behaviors among students attending alternative and traditional high schools in Minnesota.  

PubMed

Previous research, over a decade old, suggests students attending alternative high schools (AHS) engage in high levels of health-risk behaviors. Data from the 2007 Minnesota Student Survey for students attending AHS (n = 2,847) and traditional high schools (THS; n = 87,468) were used for this cross-sectional analysis to compare prevalence estimates, adjusted for age, race/ethnicity, and free and reduced lunch, for 28 health-risk behaviors. Students attending AHS were significantly more likely than students attending THS to report engaging in all behaviors related to unintentional injury and violence, tobacco use, alcohol and other drug use, and sexual activity, and were significantly less likely to report participating in physical activity, including sports teams. Students attending AHS continue to engage in high levels of health-risk behaviors as compared to their peers in THS. Updated national prevalence data were needed, as well as studies examining the role of protective factors in the lives of students attending AHS. PMID:23263265

Johnson, Karen E; McMorris, Barbara J; Kubik, Martha Y

2013-10-01

96

Costs of Attending College. A Study of Student Expenditures and Sources of Income. No. 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to throw some light on the character of the costs students incur in attending college and on their sources of income for this purpose, the Office of Education in 1953 studied the problem as it was faced by full-time, single undergraduate students in 110 colleges in 41 states and the District of Columbia. Data include: student

Hollis, Ernest V.; And Others

97

Exit Plans for Students with Disabilities Attending Separate Approved Special Education Programs in the Private Sector.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Exit plans of 1,632 students attending 92 private out-of-district special education programs were studied. Students from programs for medical and pervasive developmental/communication disorders were likely to plan transfers to self-contained programs within their districts, whereas students from emotional/behavioral programs tended to plan…

Kellner, Millicent H.; Strickarz, Barbara

2003-01-01

98

Caring Teacher Qualities that Affect School Participation and Attendance: Student Portraits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the perspectives of four high school students focusing on the identification of caring teacher qualities and the influence those characteristics have on school participation and attendance. Data was collected using interviews rather than survey in order to hear the often-unheard voices of students. Portraits of each student

Grimm, Helen M.

2009-01-01

99

The Effects of the Classroom Performance System on Student Participation, Attendance, and Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Classroom Performance System (CPS) is an instructional technology that increases student performance and promotes active learning. This study assessed the effect of the CPS on student participation, attendance, and achievement in multicultural college-level anatomy and physiology classes, where students' first spoken language is not…

Termos, Mohamad Hani

2013-01-01

100

34 CFR 694.6 - Who may provide GEAR UP services to students attending private schools?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION (CONTINUED) GAINING EARLY AWARENESS AND READINESS FOR UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMS (GEAR UP) § 694.6 Who may provide GEAR UP services to students attending private schools? (a)...

2013-07-01

101

Metabolic syndrome among students attending a historically black college: prevalence and gender differences  

PubMed Central

Background There are limited data on the prevalence rate of Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) among college students attending any Historically Black College and University (HBCU), which are mostly attended by young African Americans (AA). We report the prevalence and gender differences in the components of MetS in a sample population from an HBCU campus. Methods Three hundred and seventy six (218 females and 158 males) first year college students (average age 19.8 years), attending Kentucky State University, Frankfort with no prior diagnosis of illness participated in the cross sectional study. Anthropometric screenings included measurement of height, weight, waist circumference and body mass index (BMI). The clinical screenings included measurement of blood pressure and determination of fasting lipid and glucose concentrations. The National Cholesterol Education Program’s Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP ATP III) and International Diabetes Federation (IDF) definitions for MetS were applied. Statistics: Analysis of variance (ANOVA) scores on the Means procedure were used to examine differences between genders for all anthropometric, clinical and biochemical parameters. Fisher’s exact chi-square tests were used to analyze the prevalence of MetS criteria per gender, the number of MetS criteria per BMI category and the prevalence of MetS criteria. Significance was set at p ? 0.05 for all tests. Results Prevalence rates for MetS criteria varied depending on the definition used. According to the NCEP ATP definition, 31.4% of the sample population had at least 1 criterion for MetS, while 20.7% had 2 criteria. When IDF definition was applied, 21.3% sample population had 1 criterion and 17.5% had at least two criteria. Prevalence was highest for low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (37.3%) and elevated fasting glucose (22.1%). On the basis of the NCEP ATP and IDF definitions, overall prevalence of MetS in the total sample was 12%, and 9.3% respectively. Conclusions HBCUs offer a unique opportunity to monitor and address the risk factors of MetS in a predominantly young AA population. There is a higher prevalence of MetS in this study population than any other reports on college students.

2013-01-01

102

Pharmacy Students' Attitudes About Treating Patients With Alcohol Addiction After Attending a Required Mutual Support Group  

PubMed Central

Objective. To implement required attendance at mutual support groups for addiction recovery as a pharmacy skills laboratory exercise, and to evaluate how attendance affected pharmacy students’ attitudes about caring for patients with addiction. Design. Third-year (P3) pharmacy students enrolled in a Pharmacy Skills Laboratory course were required to watch an introductory video about Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and then attend 2 “open meetings” during the semester. Students submitted a written reflection as proof of attendance. Assessment. Pharmacy students who agreed to participate in the study completed the Short Alcohol and Alcohol Problems Perception Questionnaire (SAAPPQ) during the course orientation and again at the end of the semester. Mutual support group attendance significantly affected the students’ attitudes within the domains of role adequacy, task specific self-esteem, and work satisfaction. Significant changes were not observed within the domains of motivation and role legitimacy. Conclusion. Mutual support group attendance exposed pharmacy students to the negative effects of alcohol abuse and increased their self-confidence to provide care to patients with alcohol addiction.

2014-01-01

103

Impact of Charter School Attendance on Student Achievement in Michigan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Proponents of school reform have argued that charter schools and vouchers can provide adequate market pressure to improve the performance of traditional public schools. While the number of charter schools and student enrollment have burgeoned, relatively little attention has been paid to their effects on student achievement. Proponents of charter schools suggest a direct effect on student achievement through the

Randall W. Eberts; Kevin M. Hollenbeck

2002-01-01

104

Student Involvement and the University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume presents 14 pamphlets in the New Dimensions in Higher Education series, first developed by the Department of Health, Education and Welfare during the 1960's, The essays are prefaced with a discussion of the need for involvement of students in the educational process, the role of teachers in the function of the university, and the goals…

Hatch, Winslow R., Comp.

105

Attending to Student Epistemological Framing in a Science Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies of learning in school settings indicate that many students frame activities in science classes as the production of answers for the teacher or test, rather than as making new sense of the natural world. A case study of an episode from a class taught by the first author demonstrates what productive and unproductive student framing can look…

Hutchison, Paul; Hammer, David

2010-01-01

106

Student Decisions to Attend Public Two-Year Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined reasons for student choice of a specific community college. The site of the study is a west Texas public, two-year institution with 4,674 students, full- and part-time, as of fall 2008. The top six reasons for selection were transferability of courses, available academic programs and quality, campus location, cost, available…

Barreno, Yvette; Traut, Carol Ann

2012-01-01

107

The Impact of Block Scheduling on Student Achievement, Attendance, and Discipline at the High School Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the impact block scheduling has on (a) student academic achievement, discipline, and attendance, and (b) administrator, teacher, and student perceptions. The study compared 2005-2010 data from a high school utilizing the A/B block schedule and a high school under a traditional schedule, in one suburban…

Williams, Charles, Jr.

2011-01-01

108

Teacher Attendance at a Summer Institute and High School Student Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students of teachers who had attended a summer institute on water pollution control performed better on an achievement test at the end of the following school year than classes of teachers with equivalent qualifications who were not selected for the institute. Other control groups of students were also used. (AL)

Thelen, L. J.; Litsky, Warren

1972-01-01

109

A Study of Interventions and Strategies To Improve Attending Behaviors in First and Second Grade Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This action research project describes an intervention to increase attending and on-task behaviors in first- and second-grade students. The problem of inattentive behaviors was documented by means of teacher, student, and parent surveys and teacher observations. The intervention used behavioral management, organizational strategies, role playing,…

Adams, Linda; LeNoac'h, Robin

110

Factors Associated with the Psychological Well-Being and Distress of University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Because of the serious nature of psychiatric illness and related problems, the authors attempted to identify demographic, individual, and behavioral factors linked to university students' psychological health. Participants: They surveyed 353 (60.9% female) predominately Caucasian (88.7%) university students attending a large public…

Burris, Jessica L.; Brechting, Emily H.; Salsman, John; Carlson, Charles R.

2009-01-01

111

The Role of Basic Needs Fulfillment in Prediction of Subjective Well-Being among University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to examine the role of fulfillment level of university students' basic needs in predicting the level of their subjective well being. The participants were 627 students (56% female, 44% male) attending different faculties of Pamukkale University. In this study, subjective well being was measured with Life Satisfaction Scale…

Turkdogan, Turgut; Duru, Erdinc

2012-01-01

112

Condom Discomfort and Associated Problems with Their Use among University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In addition to consistent use, condoms must be used correctly. The purpose of this study was to identify prevalence and types of condom-associated discomfort among university students, the outcomes of this discomfort, and the role of discomfort in condom breakage. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 206 students attending a private university

Grosby, Richard; Yarber, William L.; Sanders, Stephanie A.; Graham, Cynthia A.

2005-01-01

113

85 Pct. of First-Time Students Attend College in Home States, U.S. Study Finds.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A new survey shows that six states enroll more than 90 percent of their residents who attend college, with students more likely to leave their home states to attend four-year than two-year colleges. (MSE)

Chronicle of Higher Education, 1988

1988-01-01

114

First Year Students' Mathematics Learning Experiences at National University of Ireland Maynooth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers the factors that impact on student success in first year science mathematics courses at the National University of Ireland Maynooth (NUI Maynooth). These factors include previous performance in the subject, attendance at lectures and tutorials, the number of assignments submitted, and attendance at the Mathematics Support…

Mac an Bhaird, Ciaran; O'Shea, Ann

2009-01-01

115

Geographic Distribution of Athabasca University Students. Institutional Studies Report No. 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data and analysis of the geographic distribution of students attending Athabasca University in Alberta, Canada, are presented. Attention is directed to student distribution by: Alberta census division, Alberta municipality, urban-rural area, and province and territory. Measurement of student representation is based on the extent to which Athabasca…

Smyrnew, John

116

The Relationship of Electronic Grade Book Access to Student Achievement, Student Attendance, and Parent-Teacher Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasing access to online databases from home has raised the value of computer use for retrieving student achievement information. This study's purpose was to examine the relationship of family use of an electronic reporting mechanism in the home to student achievement, attendance, and home-school communication. Using communication as a parent…

Mathern, Mark S.

2009-01-01

117

The Student Perception of University Support and Structure Scale: Development and Validation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A new scale, the Student Perception of University Support and Structure Scale (SPUSS), was developed for research on the transition to university. The scale was based on concepts derived from Baumrind's (1971) theory of parenting styles. Data were obtained from two separate cohorts of freshmen (n=759 and 397) attending six Canadian universities of…

Wintre, Maxine G.; Gates, Shawn K. E.; Pancer, W. Mark; Pratt, Michael S.; Polivy, Janet; Birnie-Lefcovitch, S.; Adams, Gerald

2009-01-01

118

Teacher's Guide for Students Preparation Workbook for Outdoor School Attendance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To be used by sixth grade teachers in preparing their classes for the Multnomah County, Oregon, Outdoor School Program, the guide to the Student Preparation Workbook provides general information, descriptions, game materials, and answers to exercises and puzzles. The guide is divided into four resource areas: soil, water, plants, and animals. Each…

Gilfillan, Warren C.; And Others

119

Research on Chinese University Students’ Media Images  

Microsoft Academic Search

At present, university students, as the "after 90" and a new generation of young intellectuals, are being paid generally attentions by mass media. Nevertheless, university students’ public images are on a decline as they have negative news appeared ceaselessly. Contemporary university students are becoming a group of people who are gazed at fixedly by the media. Moreover, the media keeps

Haifei Yu Chengliang Zhang

2013-01-01

120

Factorial Structure of Brief COPE for International Students Attending U.S. Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Literature on coping strategies and assessments has not previously included international students, who make up approximately 4% of university students. Results of an Internet survey of 555 graduate and undergraduate international students in U.S. universities are reported. The survey included the Brief COPE, a widely used assessment of coping…

Miyazaki, Yasuo; Bodenhorn, Nancy; Zalaquett, Carlos; Ng, Kok-Mun

2008-01-01

121

Influence of International Schools on the Perception of Local Students' Individual and Collective Identities, Career Aspirations and Choice of University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the influence international schools have on adolescent local students in terms of individual and collective identity, career aspiration, and type and location of the university they wish to attend. A random cluster sample of 270 students attending international, magnet and public schools in Qatar were administered a…

Kanan, Hana M.; Baker, Ahmad M.

2006-01-01

122

Prevalence of health-related behaviors among alternative high school students as compared with students attending regular high schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To provide national data on health-risk behaviors of students attending alternative high schools and compare the prevalence of these risk behaviors with data from the 1997 national Youth Risk Behavior Survey.Methods: The national Youth Risk Behavior Survey uses a three-stage cluster sampling design. Data were collected from 8918 students in alternative high schools in 1998 (ALT-YRBS) and 16,262 students

Jo Anne Grunbaum; Richard Lowry; Laura Kann

2001-01-01

123

Family-Centered Practice with Non-Attending Students in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author talks about a family-centered practice model for working with students with non-attendance problems. Family-centered practice positions the family at the center of attention or field of action. Its focus is on those transactions occurring between a person, family, and environment, which affect individuals, families and…

Lau, Yuk King

2009-01-01

124

Youth Risk Behavior Survey of High School Students Attending Bureau Funded Schools, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In spring 2001, 5,654 American Indian high school students attending schools funded by the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) completed the Youth Risk Behavior Survey. The survey examined youth behaviors in the areas of motor vehicle safety, weapons, violence, suicide, current and lifetime tobacco use, current and lifetime drug and alcohol use,…

Shaughnessy, Lana; Branum, Cheryl; Everett-Jones, Sherry

125

Survey of the Importance of Professional Behaviors among Medical Students, Residents, and Attending Physicians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors compared the importance of items related to professional behavior among medical students rotating through their psychiatry clerkship, psychiatry residents, and attending psychiatrists. Method: The authors sent an electronic survey with 43 items (rated on the scale 1: Not at All Important; to 5: Very Important) to medical…

Morreale, Mary K.; Balon, Richard; Arfken, Cynthia L.

2011-01-01

126

Fostering Hand Washing before Lunch by Students Attending a Special Needs Young Adult Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A multiple baseline across groups design was used to investigate the effects of a treatment package on hand washing before lunch by five students with disabilities who attended a young adult educational program. To evaluate hand washing, a lotion called Glo Germ was applied to participants' hands. Glo Germ is visible under a black light, which…

Walmsley, Christopher; Mahoney, Amanda; Durgin, Amy; Poling, Alan

2013-01-01

127

Perceptions and attitudes towards entrepreneurship. An analysis of gender among university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present article analyzes the existence of gender differences in the perceptions and attitudes of university students towards\\u000a entrepreneurship. It measures perceptions of the public image of the entrepreneur, along with the desirability, viability\\u000a and intentionality of students towards creating their own business. The empirical data for this research comes from a sample\\u000a of university students who have attended a

María de la Cruz Sánchez-Escobedo; Juan Carlos Díaz-Casero; Ricardo Hernández-Mogollón; María Victoria Postigo-Jiménez

128

14 CFR 147.31 - Attendance and enrollment, tests, and credit for prior instruction or experience.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Attendance and enrollment... § 147.31 Attendance and enrollment...not require any student to attend classes...An accredited university, college, junior...one given to the students who complete a...recording student attendance. The system...

2009-01-01

129

14 CFR 147.31 - Attendance and enrollment, tests, and credit for prior instruction or experience.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Attendance and enrollment... § 147.31 Attendance and enrollment...not require any student to attend classes...An accredited university, college, junior...one given to the students who complete a...recording student attendance. The system...

2010-01-01

130

Written in their own voice: first-year and older students' perceptions on their university's identity.  

PubMed

Undergraduate students (218 women, 57 men) attending a Roman Catholic, suburban university with a Franciscan charism tradition completed open-ended items assessing their perception on the mission, vision, and values of their university. However, only 41 lower division, first-year students (33 women, 8 men) and 29 upper division students (22 women, 7 men) actually wrote about different aspects of their school's identity. Qualitative themes emerged in regard to students' assessment of their school identity, such as university mission activities are perceived important, and overall support for different institutional values within the university community. PMID:23256589

Karahalios, Vicky S; Williams, Shannon M; Ferrari, Joseph R; Matteo, Elizabeth

2013-01-01

131

Why Accepted Students Decline to Attend the College at Geneseo, Fall 1977.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A sample of 450 accepted non-enrolling Fall 1977 freshman were surveyed to determine their reasons for applying to but not attending the State University of New York (SUNY) College of Arts and Science at Geneseo. The sample was evenly distributed across the range of Regents Scholarship Examination (RSE) scores and 208 (46.2 percent) responded. The…

McNally, James L.; Story, Richard W.

132

The Cost of Cutting Class: Attendance as a Predictor of Student Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of three hundred undergraduates enrolled in a general education course at a large midwestern state university revealed, as expected, a strong negative correlation between absences and final grades. Although the complex equation for academic success involves many more variables than attendance alone, some of which are also considered in…

Gump, Steven E.

2005-01-01

133

Costs of Attendance and the Educational Programs of First-Time Community College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

I use data from the State University of New York to examine whether changes in community college attendance costs yield different impacts on first-time enrollment in different community college programs. Evidence is strong that academic-program enrollment significantly and substantially decreases when 2-year tuition increases, but weaker that it…

Nutting, Andrew W.

2008-01-01

134

Automatic attendance recording system using mobile telephone  

Microsoft Academic Search

These days, instructors in universities and colleges take the attendance manually either by calling out individual's name or by passing around an attendance sheet for student's signature to confirm his\\/her presence. Using these methods is both cumbersome and time-consuming. Therefore a method of taking attendance using instructor's mobile telephone has been presented in this paper which is paperless, quick, and

Tariq Jamil

2011-01-01

135

An output comparison of open university and conventional university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous economic studies of the Open University have concentrated on the cost side; this paper looks at the output of the Open University compared to conventional universities. In 1976 multiple choice questions were included in the two second level economics examination papers (D222 and D282); norming data for these questions had already been generated for thousands of university students from

Keith Lumsden; Alex Scott

1982-01-01

136

Subjective Well-Being among University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of subjective well-being to gender, perceived economic status, perceived parental attitudes, satisfaction with physical appearance, religious belief, and locus of control among university students. The sample of the study consisted of 700 university students of Hacettepe University during…

Tuzgol Dost, Meliha

2006-01-01

137

34 CFR 694.20 - When may a GEAR UP grantee provide services to students attending an institution of higher...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false When may a GEAR UP grantee provide services to students attending...UP) § 694.20 When may a GEAR UP grantee provide services to students attending...of higher education. (b) A State grantee that uses a priority (rather...

2013-07-01

138

Synopsis of congenital cardiac disease among children attending University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital Ituku Ozalla, Enugu  

PubMed Central

Background The objective of this study was to determine the pattern of congenital cardiac disease among children attending UNTH, Enugu, Nigeria. The nature of these abnormalities and the outcome were also considered. The exact etiology is unknown but genetic and environmental factors tend to be implicated. The difference in the pattern obtained worldwide and few studies in Nigeria could be due to genetic, environmental, socioeconomic, or ethnic origin. Methods A retrospective analysis of discharged cases in which a review of the cases of all children attending children outpatient clinics including cardiology clinic of the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital (UNTH), Enugu over a five year period (January 2007-June 2012) was undertaken. All the children presenting with cardiac anomalies were included in the study and the cases were investigated using ECG, X-ray and echocardiography studies. Results A total of 31,795 children attended the children outpatient clinics of the hospital over the study period. Of these, seventy one (71) had cardiac diseases. The overall prevalence of cardiac disease is 0.22%. The commonest symptoms were breathlessness, failure to thrive and cyanosis. Almost all types of congenital detects were represented, the commonest being isolated ventricular septal detect (VSD), followed by tetralogy of Fallot. One of these cardiac anomalies presented with Downs’s syndrome and another with VACTERAL association. Conclusions The results of this study show that 0.22% per cent of children who attended UNTH in Enugu State had congenital cardiac abnormalities and the commonest forms seen were those with VSD.

2013-01-01

139

White, Male, and "Minority": Racial Consciousness among White Male Undergraduates Attending a Historically Black University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Enrollments of non-Black students at historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs) have recently increased to the point that 11% of all undergraduate students enrolled in HBCUs in 2001 were White (U. S. Department of Education National Center for Education Statistics [NCES], 2004). Accelerated transdemographic enrollment patterns (Brown) at…

Peterson, R. Darrell; Hamrick, Florence A.

2009-01-01

140

The Three Block Model of Universal Design for Learning (UDL): Engaging Students in Inclusive Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When the Three Block Model of Universal Design for Learning (Katz, 2012a) is implemented, outcomes related to student academic and social engagement were investigated in this study. 631 students from Grades 1 to 12 attending ten schools located in two rural and three urban school divisions in Manitoba took part in the study. Intervention and…

Katz, Jennifer

2013-01-01

141

National Identity Development among Palestinian Student Activists in the Israeli Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the process of national identity development, and closely related themes among Palestinian student activists in the Israeli universities. Informed by the tradition of social identity theory, in-depth qualitative inquiry was conducted with an intensity sample of 35 Palestinian student activists attending the major five Israeli…

Makkawi, Ibrahim

2004-01-01

142

Relation between Cyberbullying and Problem Solving: A Study on Turkish University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, cyberbullying living frequency, what the cyber environments in which cyberbullying is lived are, and the relation between "being victim of cyberbullying" and "being cyberbullying" status and problem solving skill of university students are analysed. This research is done by attendance of 460 students from five…

Gokler, Riza

2013-01-01

143

A Cultural Mismatch: The Experience of First-Generation College Students in Elite Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"First-generation" college students, whose parents have not attended college, are an increasing presence at elite colleges and universities. Admitting these students, however, is not enough to ensure that they can take full advantage of the opportunities available to them in college and succeed there. Indeed, research indicates that…

Stephens, Nicole M.

2010-01-01

144

A Case Study on Primary, Secondary and University Students' Environmentally Responsible Behaviors in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study is to prove the environmentally responsible behaviors of primary, secondary and university students in Turkey. The students', who attended the study as participants, environmentally political behaviors, consumer/economical behaviors, direct behaviors toward protecting the environment and individual and public…

Kahyaoglu, Mustafa

2013-01-01

145

A Study to Find Out the Most Preferred Free Messenger Service Used by University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to investigate the messenger usage of students in the technology departments of the Near East University (Cyprus), and also to learn which messenger service the participants prefer. The volunteer participants in this study consisted of 150 undergraduate students attending the technology departments of the Near East…

Cavus, Nadire; Bicen, Huseyin

2010-01-01

146

An Innovative University-Based Mentoring Program: Affecting College Students' Attitudes and Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students who had enrolled in an innovative university-based service-learning class were asked to reflect on their expectations prior to mentoring youth attending high-poverty high schools, and whether they believed they had met these expectations post-mentoring. Findings indicated that students primarily were motivated by learning about the…

Hughes, Carolyn; Welsh, Megan; Mayer, Allison; Bolay, Jennifer; Southard, Kathryn

2009-01-01

147

Comparison of Perceptions of Inclusion between University Instructors and Students with Disabilities in Ukraine  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ukraine is currently involved in a heated debate about inclusion at all levels of education. This debate has become part of the country's efforts to improve human rights. Prior to independence in 1991, students with disabilities in Ukraine who desired higher education were not permitted to attend universities. How instructors and students with…

Raver-Lampman, Sharon A.; Kolchenko, Kateryna

2007-01-01

148

An Empirical Description Of University Student Subcultures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study has suggested a technique for describing student orientations at a university using an instrument given annually to all undergraduates. Findings have implications for admissions policies, changes in faculty student relations, curriculum and counseling programs. (Author)

Fiore, Neil A.; Sedlacek, William E.

1972-01-01

149

University students' conceptions of basic astronomy concepts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A questionnaire of 19 questions given to 76 students entering an `Introduction to astronomy' course at university showed that the students held a series of misconceptions on several central topics in basic astronomy.

Trumper, Ricardo

2005-11-28

150

Abortion Attitudes Among University Students in India.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report hypothesized that Indian university students approve of abortion, that religiosity neutralizes the influence of education in abortion attitudes, and that Indian students are more liberal in their attitudes on abortion than American Catholic students. To test these hypotheses, the author collected data from 150 students from two…

Bardis, Panos D.

151

Students' Engagement in First-Year University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on seven calibrated scales of student engagement emerging from a large-scale study of first year undergraduate students in Australian universities. The analysis presents insights into contemporary undergraduate student engagement, including online, self-managed, peer and student-staff engagement. The results point to the…

Krause, Kerri-Lee; Coates, Hamish

2008-01-01

152

Factors Affecting Students' Retention at Kuwait University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses the factors that affect students' retention at Kuwait University. Five hundred seventy students participated in the study. A survey of 22 retention factors was designed to measure student perceptions. Students presented their agreement on factors which included: achieving personal aspiration, getting jobs, free-of-charge…

AlKandari, Nabila

2008-01-01

153

Enlistment Propensities of University Students.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Enlistment propensities of undergraduates were assessed through surveys conducted at Northwestern University, University of Arizona, University of California-Los Angeles, and University of Illinois-Chicago. The core finding was that there is a definite, a...

C. Moskos

2004-01-01

154

Cardiovascular risk in African American women attending historically Black colleges and universities: the role of dietary patterns and food preferences.  

PubMed

There is a lack of data on the dietary patterns and food preferences of African American women attending historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs). African American women have higher death rates from cardiovascular disease than White women, and the initiating events of cardiovascular disease often begin in young adulthood. The purpose of this study was to identify the dietary patterns and food preferences of African American college women, which may act as risk factors for cardiovascular disease. A convenience sample of 100 African American women, ages 18 to 40 years, was administered two surveys assessing food preferences and dietary patterns. The majority of the participants (65%) preferred high-fat foods, and most of the participants (87%) consumed more than 30% of their daily caloric intake from fat. There is a definite need for dietary education regarding the impact of dietary fat on cardiovascular health among college students. PMID:21099070

Brown, Sandra Chaisson; Geiselman, Paula J; Broussard, Tracy

2010-11-01

155

Alcohol use and church attendance among seventh through twelfth grade students, dominican republic, 2011.  

PubMed

Excessive alcohol consumption increases the years of life lost to premature death and disability worldwide. Religion is a mitigating factor in alcohol consumption. A survey in the Dominican Republic showed increasing church attendance by middle and high school students (N = 3,478) was associated with a delay in age at first alcoholic drink, fewer students who had consumed alcohol in the past month (current drinkers), lower alcohol consumption levels, fewer episodes of inebriation, and less heavy episodic alcohol consumption (all P < 0.0001). The results suggested that it may be useful to conceive of church-attending youth as a subset of the adolescent social network when planning primary alcohol prevention programs for young people. PMID:23180008

Dohn, Michael N; Jiménez Méndez, Santa Altagracia; Nolasco Pozo, Maximinia; Altagracia Cabrera, Elizabet; Dohn, Anita L

2014-06-01

156

University students, mental health and development.  

PubMed

University students of the late 1960s and 1970s have been included in a study of factors affecting their mental health and academic functioning in many countries and cultures. Social change and intergenerational conflict were seen to be almost inseparable as social, economic and political concerns involve both students and their countries. Results of studies at Dalhousie University, six British universities, and the University of Singapore are examined in light of the socioeconomic problems existing at the time. High unemployment of university graduates, a growing factor in developing and developed nations, is pointed to as a major stress during a university education in the late 1970s. PMID:679139

Gold, J H

1978-08-01

157

Connecting Students across Universities in Saudi Arabia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study reports results of an experiment in which the author and her students at King Saud University (KSU) in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia shared an online grammar course with a professor and his students at Umm Al-Qura University (UQU) in Makkah, Saudi Arabia using www.makkahelearning.net. The experiment proved to be a total failure. Factors…

Al-Jarf, Reima Sado

2005-01-01

158

Building Bridges: Understanding Student Transition to University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores challenges in ensuring effective student transition from school or college to university. It examines the complex liaison needed for students to progress to appropriate courses, settle into university life and succeed as higher education learners. Secondary data (international literature on transition and the formation of…

Briggs, A. R. J.; Clark, J.; Hall, I.

2012-01-01

159

Students' Mental Health: Personal and University Determinants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study was to examine the effects of personal and university bounded factors in students mental health in north of Fars province, Iran. The effects of these factors on university students' psychopathology within a survey design were investigated among 300 participants--94 males and 206 females, who were selected through random sampling…

Khodarahimi, Siamak; Rasti, Ali; Khajehie, Malihe; Sattar, Rea

2009-01-01

160

Allocation of Students in North African Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student bodies at public universities in Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia have grown rapidly, outside the direct control of university authorities. How the three North African nations differ in their policies regulating which students may study which subjects, and the implications of these policies for the goals of higher education are discussed.…

Jones, Marie Thourson

1981-01-01

161

Core Knowledge Confusions among University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous studies have demonstrated that university students hold several paranormal beliefs and that paranormal beliefs can be best explained with core knowledge confusions. The aim of this study was to explore to what extent university students confuse the core ontological attributes of lifeless material objects (e.g. a house, a stone), living…

Lindeman, Marjaana; Svedholm, Annika M.; Takada, Mikito; Lonnqvist, Jan-Erik; Verkasalo, Markku

2011-01-01

162

Students' Views on Learning in Virtual University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines Finnish college students' views on learning in a virtual university. Respondents studied at Helsinki Virtual Open University (HEVI) and the Apaja Internet Service from 1995-99. HEVI is a Web-based learning environment where students can study, get advice, receive help from tutors, and use office services. Apaja Internet Service…

Tirri, Kirsi; Nevgi, Anne

163

Multiple Intelligences of Students at Jordanian Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study aimed at investigating different intelligence types among Jordanian students at different public and private universities in Jordan. To achieve such aim, it sought to identify and rank multiple intelligences that characterize students at Jordanian universities, and to identify and rank the differences in multiple intelligences…

Khataybeh, Abdalla; Al-Sheikh, Kholoud

2011-01-01

164

Internet Censorship in Turkey: University Students' Opinions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this paper is to study university students' opinions toward online censorship with references to their socio-political and economic variables. Considering the upwards trend and the increasing number of online restrictions in Turkey, the opinions of university students (n=138) are thought to give significant findings. The questionnaire…

Ozkan, Hasan; Arikan, Arda

2009-01-01

165

Positive and Negative Affectivity as Mediator and Moderator of the Relationship between Optimism and Life Satisfaction in Turkish University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of this study is to examine the mediator and moderator role of positive and negative affectivity variables on the relationship between optimism and life satisfaction in university students. 397 university students, ranging in age from 18 to 27 (M = 20.98), attending different departments of the Faculty of Education, at Pamukkale…

Kapikiran, Necla Acun

2012-01-01

166

Health risk behaviors of Texas students attending dropout prevention/recovery schools in 1997.  

PubMed

This study determined prevalence of health risk behaviors of 9th through 12th grade students attending dropout prevention/recovery alternative schools in Texas in 1997. Participants were 470 youth whose health risk behaviors were assessed using the Youth Risk Behavior Survey in an anonymous, self-administered format. Behaviors measured included frequency of weapon-carrying and fighting, suicide-related behaviors, substance use, and sexual behaviors. A substantial percentage of alternative school students reported participating in behaviors that placed them at acute or chronic health risk. Differences in the prevalence of risk behaviors were noted by gender, racial/ethnic, and age subgroups. In addition, alternative school students frequently engaged in multiple risk behaviors. These findings suggest a need for comprehensive school-based health education/intervention programs to reduce the prevalence of risk behaviors in populations of alternative school students. PMID:10098115

Weller, N F; Tortolero, S R; Kelder, S H; Grunbaum, J A; Carvajal, S C; Gingiss, P M

1999-01-01

167

University Students' Perceptions of Their Science Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the dimensions of the university students' perceptions of their science classes and whether or not the students' perceptions differ significantly as regards to the gender and grade level in six main categories namely; (1) pedagogical strategies, (2) faculty interest in teaching, (3) students interest…

Kaya, Osman Nafiz; Kilic, Ziya; Akdeniz, Ali Riza

2004-01-01

168

Canadian Hearing Impaired Students in Canadian Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Canadian government has established three centers of educational excellence especially for hearing impaired and deaf college students at the University of Alberta, the University of Western Ontario, and the Atlantic Centre at St. Mary's University in Halifax, Nova Scotia. The centre has initiated such activities as a faculty awareness program,…

Leitch, David A.

1986-01-01

169

Students’ preferences for university: a conjoint analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tertiary education has become more competitive in recent years due to reductions in government funding and higher student fees. As the nature of the environment grows more competitive, the role of marketing, previously non-existent in most universities, has grown significantly. One of the key pieces of information that would assist a university’s marketing effort is an understanding of what determines

Geoffrey N. Soutar; Julia P. Turner

2002-01-01

170

Marketing Australian Universities to Thai Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines Thai students' perceptions regarding the quality of the Australian university system. Research findings reveal that (a) it is very important to maintain and safeguard the university's superior reputation, as it is the most important factor influencing Thais to choose one university over other institutions; (b) information on…

Pimpa, Nattavud

2005-01-01

171

Effects of Text Messaged Self-Monitoring on Class Attendance and Punctuality of At-Risk College Student Athletes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effects of text messaging class arrival to an academic counselor on the attendance and punctuality of 4 college student athletes. Each participant had a history of class tardiness and was considered to be at risk for academic failure. Class attendance and punctuality improved for all participants. (Contains 1 figure.)

Bicard, David F.; Lott, Valorie; Mills, Jessica; Bicard, Sara; Baylot-Casey, Laura

2012-01-01

172

Workshop tutorials: Accommodating student-centered learning in large first year university physics courses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1995, cooperative learning tutorials were introduced into large first year physics classes at the University of Sydney. This paper describes the effect of these cooperative learning tutorials, called Workshop Tutorials, on student learning from both a quantitative and qualitative point of view. It was found that students attending more than half the total number of tutorials scored significantly better over the year than those attending less than half. Student reaction was almost wholly positive, with particular mention made of the voluntary nature of the tutorials as well as the use of practical, 'hands on' demonstrations within the tutorials.

Sharma, Manjula D.; Millar, Rosemary; Seth, Suman

2005-11-23

173

Opinions of Turkish University Students on Cigarette Smoking at Schools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cigarette smoking among college students is a critical public health problem with serious personal and social consequences. This study examined college student opinions about smoking in the student cafeteria, hallways and offices, considering smoking as freedom of choice, complying with the cigarette law and policy of universities on smoking. A sample of 1527 students (53.9% female, 46.1% male) attending to the six prestigious universities in Ankara, Turkey, completed a ten-item questionnaire. Results of the study showed that nonsmoking students reported the most favorable opinions toward the issues questioned, whereas occasional smokers and regular smokers reported the least favorable opinions. The highest level of disagreement by smokers and nonsmokers was provided for banning cigarette smoking in the cafeteria. Students generally agreed on that teachers should not smoke in the classrooms and in their offices with doors open. Recommended actions include campus-wide no-smoking policies embracing indoors and outdoors and identification and use of new ways of providing smoking prevention and cessation programs and services.

Keloglu-Isler, Esra; Erdogan, Irfan

174

25 CFR 37.125 - Can an eligible student living off a reservation attend a school or dorm?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...eligible student living off a reservation attend a school or dorm? 37.125 Section 37.125 Indians...INTERIOR EDUCATION GEOGRAPHIC BOUNDARIES Day Schools, On-Reservation Boarding Schools, and Peripheral Dorms § 37.125 Can...

2011-04-01

175

34 CFR 403.114 - How does a State determine the number of economically disadvantaged students attending vocational...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

34 Education 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false ...economically disadvantaged students attending vocational education programs under the Secondary School Vocational Education Program? 403.114 Section 403.114...

2013-07-01

176

The relationship between attending science and math academies and students' college course taking patterns  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Various studies address the question of why students fail to choose careers in the STEM fields of science, mathematics, engineering and technology. Inadequate preparation in these areas in secondary school has been shown to be one contributing factor. There is a lack of research on the possible role that alternative schools focusing on science and math play in preparing students for careers in STEM fields. Using student survey and interview data, this study addresses this deficiency by targeting three math and science academies. Subjects were members of the class of 2005. Responses from student surveys were analyzed to examine the relationship between attendance at one of three science and math academies and the courses students pursued in the freshman year of college. Data from the alumni survey database maintained by the National Consortium of Specialized Secondary Schools of Math, Science, and Technology were used to ascertain if students graduating from science and math academies showed a greater persistence in intent to pursue STEM related careers than the national norm. Comparisons of interview data, websites, and documents revealed the differences and similarities between the three science and math academies in preparing students for careers in math and science. Statistical analysis of student responses found that generally, students reported that attending these particular schools gave them an advantage over their peers in taking advanced level courses during the freshman year. When compared with the national percent distribution for freshman intending to pursue STEM majors, the data provided by the Consortium showed that students who graduated from the science and math academies in the study showed greater intent to pursue STEM majors by 19-25 percentage points over their peers. The schools provide a challenging, rigorous curriculum. Students are expected to take more science and math courses than they would if they had remained at their home schools while completing other courses as well. Mentoring by professionals in STEM fields provide opportunities for real world experiences and the impetus for students to think about life beyond high school.

Shannon, Barbara Jean

177

Investigating Student Understanding of the Universe: Structure  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Chicago State University (CSU) offers an introductory astronomy course that services students from a variety of majors including pre-service teachers. At CSU, we have been investigating methods and tools that will improve student conceptual understanding in astronomy for this diverse group of students. We have analyzed pre-course surveys, pre-course essays, exams, and interviews in an effort to better understand the ideas and difficulties in understanding that students have in regards to the structure of the universe. Analysis of written essays has revealed that our students do have some knowledge of the objects in the universe, but interviews inform us that their understanding of the structure of the universe is superficial. This project is a part of a larger study; also see our posters on student ideas about dark matter, the age and expansion of the universe, and perceptions of astronomical sizes and distances. This work was supported by NASA ROSES E/PO Grant #NNXlOAC89G, as well as by the Illinois Space Grant Consortium and National Science Foundation CCLI Grant #0632563 at Chicago State University and the Fermi E/PO program at Sonoma State University.

Hayes, Virginia; Coble, K.; Nickerson, M.; Cochran, G.; Camarillo, C. T.; Bailey, J. M.; McLin, K. M.; Cominsky, L. R.

2011-05-01

178

Depression and Related Problems in University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Method: Depression and related problems were studied in a sample of 283 university students. Results: The students with high depression scores also had high scores on anxiety, intrusive thoughts, controlling intrusive thoughts and sleep disturbances scales. A stepwise regression suggested that those problems contributed to a significant proportion…

Field, Tiffany; Diego, Miguel; Pelaez, Martha; Deeds, Osvelia; Delgado, Jeannette

2012-01-01

179

Student Perceptions of Thai University Initiations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recently there have been several sensational reports of serious consequences of freshmen initiation rites at Thai universities. The purpose of this study was to investigate Thai freshmen students' perceptions of the faculty initiation process. For this study, roughly 1,000 freshmen students took a pre-test during the first week of their…

Grubbs, Samuel J.

2013-01-01

180

Student Mobility between Ontario's Colleges and Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The movement of students between postsecondary institutions is becoming increasingly common and has created a need for greater emphasis on postsecondary education (PSE) pathways. This report outlines the available data on postsecondary student mobility within Ontario, with a focus on mobility between Ontario's colleges and universities. For…

Colleges Ontario, 2009

2009-01-01

181

Mental health literacy among university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the mental health literacy of students. This study is part of the growing interest in mental health literacy among young people. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Over 400 university students indicated their knowledge of over 90 psychiatric illnesses labels derived from DSM:IV. They rated disorders on six questions concerning whether they had heard

Adrian Furnham; Richard Cook; Neil Martin; Mark Batey

2011-01-01

182

Cyberbullying and Victimisation among Turkish University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the extent of cyberbullying and victimisation among Turkish university students at a state college of education. A personal information form and 56 scaled items were administered to 254 students. Items addressing cyberbullying victimisation were adopted from a recent study, whereas parallel cyberbullying items were…

Akbulut, Yavuz; Eristi, Bahadir

2011-01-01

183

Student Centrality in University-Industry Interactions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper proposes a model of interactions between university scientists and the private sector in which graduate students feature as important enablers. This conceptualization proposes that students represent a dimension of scientists' research capacity which improves their ability to identify and act on industry-related opportunities, and which…

Ponomariov, Branco

2009-01-01

184

Obstacles to Personal Creativity among University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined personal obstacles to creativity among 385 university students in Brazil. The highest factor was lack of time/opportunity, followed by inhibition/shyness. Male students had higher scores in the factor labeled "lack of motivation," while the social repression factor score was higher for females. (Contains references.) (Author/CR)

de Alencar, Eunice M. L. Soriano

2001-01-01

185

Cultural Capital and Academic Achievement of First Generation Domestic and International Students in Canadian Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Canada little research has been conducted on those who are the first in their families to attend university. Cultural reproduction theory suggests that such students would be less likely to engage in the type of activities that, according to the college impact model, contribute to academic achievement. In order to test these and other…

Grayson, J. Paul

2011-01-01

186

Use of Text Messaging in a Mental Health Service for University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile phone technology has become an integral part of peoples' lives. It has changed how we interact with each other and how we access information. This article describes how mobile phone use, in particular text messaging, has been used to communicate with and support students with mental health problems attending a university within Ireland to manage their academic and social

Clodagh Nolan; Sarah Quinn; Siobhan MacCobb

2011-01-01

187

Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Stages of Change among Male and Female University Students: Ready or Not?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To examine gender differences in human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine stages of change following the recommendations for permissive use of HPV vaccine in males. Participants: Students aged 18-26 attending a large, public, Midwest university in April 2010. Methods: Participants completed a self-administered, online questionnaire. HPV…

Patel, Divya A.; Grunzweig, Katherine A.; Zochowski, Melissa K.; Dempsey, Amanda F.; Carlos, Ruth C.; Dalton, Vanessa K.

2013-01-01

188

Visual ERPs evidence for enhanced processing of threatening information in anxious university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is accumulating evidence that highly anxious individuals selectively attend to threatening information; however, contrary to expectations, there is no evidence of enhanced processing of threat stimuli in those individuals. We investigated this question by using a sample of 20 University students who were split into two groups consisting of 10 high-anxious and 10 low-anxious subjects according to Spielberger Trait

Aviv M. Weinstein

1995-01-01

189

Measuring Entrepreneurial Orientation of University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to discuss the measurement of entrepreneurial orientation (EO) in the student population of different academic programmes, in order to enhance entrepreneurship-related procedures within universities. Design/methodology/approach: A survey-based tool for measuring EO is presented and used in one university. The…

Taatila, Vesa; Down, Samuel

2012-01-01

190

University Student Involvement in Public School Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a cooperative program among the public schools, local Parent Teacher Associations, and the Auburn University Education Department in Montgomery, Alabama. In the program, Auburn University students were enrolled in block courses in the areas of language arts, social studies, mathematics, and science and worked from four to six…

Gordon, Bruce Graham

191

University Student Employment: Insights Gained under Pressure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author discusses the perilous state of Chinese university graduates in seeking jobs. This pressure has given people many valuable insights, enabling them to look at the problems among university students and the direction of higher education development from a new perspective. To overcome this problem, the State Council held a…

Wei, Ding

2005-01-01

192

Student Street. Students' Union Housing, University of Alberta  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The world's longest skylighted galleria (main street for student residents at the University of Alberta) is the lifeline of a 950-foot long complex of apartments and shops sponsored by the student government and architecturally designed to fit over an existing street. (Author/MF)

Dixon, John Morris

1974-01-01

193

Graduate Student Academic Achievement and Learning Style Preferences: A Case Study Comparison of Graduate Students with Undergraduate Degrees from Predominantly White and Historically Black Colleges and Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study examines academic achievement and learning style preferences among Black and white graduate students attending a predominantly white university. Results provide evidence that Black students at this graduate school possess a stronger generalized preference for the dependent learning style, a less significant preference for the…

Rovai, Alfred P.; Gallien, Louis B., Jr.; Wighting, Mervyn J.

2008-01-01

194

Student Characteristics, Pre-College, College, and Environmental Factors as Predictors of Majoring in and Earning a STEM Degree: An Analysis of Students Attending a Hispanic Serving Institution  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the demographic, pre-college, environmental, and college factors that impact students' interests in and decisions to earn a science, technology, engineering, or mathematics (STEM) degree among students attending a Hispanic Serving Institution (HSI). Results indicated that Hispanic students were well represented among STEM…

Crisp, Gloria; Nora, Amaury; Taggart, Amanda

2009-01-01

195

A Study of High School Attendance Representing Mexican Culture from the Perspective of Students, Parents, and Teachers: A Policy Recommendation for Student Vacations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kennett High School faces an attendance problem with a portion of its Mexican student population. These students vacation for a period of time beyond the winter break established by the district's school calendar. A practice was implemented when staff members noticed that students "disappeared" mostly in December and January. This project took a…

Jenkins, Tomorrow S.

2009-01-01

196

Costs of Attending College: A Study of Student Expenditures and Sources of Income. Bulletin, 1957, No. 9  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Financing higher education for a growing number of young men and women in the face of steadily rising costs is becoming a crucial problem in the United States. This report is concerned with one major aspects of the problem: namely, what it costs students to attend college and where they get the money for this purpose. Next to the student and his…

Hollis, Ernest V.

1957-01-01

197

Providing Introductory Psychology Students Access to Online Lecture Notes: The Relationship of Note Use to Performance and Class Attendance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationships among the frequency of access to online lecture notes, examination performance, and class attendance were investigated. Data on use of online notes were gathered from the log maintained by the server and from student responses to a questionnaire. Students who made any attempt to access online notes viewed notes associated with…

Grabe, Mark; Christopherson, Kimberly; Douglas, Jason

2005-01-01

198

An Investigation of the Effectiveness of Personal Attention by Reading Teachers Upon Student Attendance and Academic Achievement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effectiveness of personal attention from reading teachers in increasing student attendance and scholastic achievement was investigated in a study of 98 students in 15 New York City high schools which receive Title I, and New York State, funding for remedial reading. Each of 49 remedial reading teachers initiated a relationship with a randomly…

Grano, Vivian

199

Student Motivation for Learning in Ghana: Relationships with Caregivers' Values toward Education, Attendance, and Academic Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the role that Ghanaian caregivers' values toward education play in shaping students' intrinsic versus extrinsic motivation for learning, and the ways these values and motivational orientations predict school attendance and achievement. Study participants included 88 students (M?=?11.63 years; 48% female) from two…

McCoy, Dana Charles; Wolf, Sharon; Godfrey, Erin B.

2014-01-01

200

Positive and Negative Affectivity as Mediator and Moderator of the Relationship between Optimism and Life Satisfaction in Turkish University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main purpose of this study is to examine the mediator and moderator role of positive and negative affectivity variables\\u000a on the relationship between optimism and life satisfaction in university students. 397 university students, ranging in age\\u000a from 18 to 27 (M = 20.98), attending different departments of the Faculty of Education, at Pamukkale University in Turkey participated as\\u000a subjects in the

Necla Acun Kapikiran

2012-01-01

201

Predictors of Timely Doctoral Student Completions by Type of Attendance: The Utility of a Pragmatic Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Federal government changes to the funding of doctoral students have focused the attention of university management on their completion rates. The aims of this paper are to inform the allocation of institutional resources in a manner that improves the likelihood of timely doctoral completions and to highlight a process that can also be used for…

Rodwell, John; Neumann, Ruth

2008-01-01

202

An Evaluation of an Internal Audit on Student Feedback within a British University: A Quality Enhancement Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Final year students attending British universities now complete an annual questionnaire to assess their views on their learning experiences of higher education (HE) from a variety of perspectives. They undertake this process as part of the National Student Survey (NSS). These data are then collated and an annual report with associated…

Reid, Ken

2010-01-01

203

An Analysis of First Experience Students' Financial Awareness and Attitude to Debt in a Post-1992 UK University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While students have always found balancing their finances difficult, the current generation are faced with unprecedented debt burdens during and on completion of their studies. Student debt is now an expected outcome of attending university and, apart from the negative consequences it may have on participation in higher education, it may have a…

Marriott, Pru

2007-01-01

204

Seeking Help in a Foreign Land: International Students' Use Patterns for a U.S. University Counseling Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This archival study examined the use of a university counseling center's services by international students during a 5-year period. Variables analyzed included clients' presenting concerns, students' demographic characteristics, number of counseling sessions attended, and reasons for termination. Implications for counselor training, outreach…

Yakushko, Oksana; Davidson, M. Meghan; Sanford-Martens, Tiffany C.

2008-01-01

205

Core Knowledge Confusions Among University Students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Previous studies have demonstrated that university students hold several paranormal beliefs and that paranormal beliefs can be best explained with core knowledge confusions. The aim of this study was to explore to what extent university students confuse the core ontological attributes of lifeless material objects (e.g. a house, a stone), living organisms (e.g. plants), and mental states (e.g., thoughts); whether some core knowledge confusions are more common than others; whether the confusions differ between students from different fields of study, and to replicate the finding that paranormal beliefs increase together with core knowledge confusions. The results showed that half of the participants considered at least four, and one quarter of the participants considered 8-30 confusion statements to be literally true and that the confusions were strongly and positively associated with the amount of paranormal beliefs. The findings indicate that university education does not abolish the misconceptions that characterize children's thinking.

Lindeman, Marjaana; Svedholm, Annika M.; Takada, Mikito; Lönnqvist, Jan-Erik; Verkasalo, Markku

2011-05-01

206

University/NETL Student Partnership Program  

SciTech Connect

The University/National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) Student Partnership Program stimulated basic and applied research in Energy and Environmental Science areas through NETL's Office of Science and Technology (OST). This Partnership Program supported the education of graduate students in Energy and Environmental Sciences, while fostering increased scientific interaction between NETL and the participating universities, by providing graduate student support for research at a NETL facility under the joint supervision of NETL and university faculty. Projects were intended to enhance a previously established scientific or engineering relationship or to create a new relationship. Major areas of research under the Partnership Program included CO{sub 2} sequestration, granular solids flow, multi-phase flow in porous solids, gas hydrates, nanotubes, acid-mine flow identification and remediation, water-gas shift reaction, circulating fluidized beds, slurry bubble column, fuel desulphurization, carbon fibers, and fuel cells.

Gerald Holder; Jonathan Mathews; Thomas Wilson; Steven Chuang; Cristina Amon; Turgay Ertekin; Karl Johnson; Goodarz Ahmadi; David Sholl

2006-10-31

207

Cheating among University of Transkei students.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent to which cheating in academic work occurs at this university. 58 participants registered for a postgraduate diploma in education responded to a questionnaire on cheating. Some students admitted engaging in every behaviour; however, the percentage of students so engaged was much lower than those reported among British and American institutions of higher learning. This may partly be attributed to respondents being reluctant to divulge their dishonesty. PMID:11026404

Mwamwenda, T S; Monyooe, L A

2000-08-01

208

The Development of a Web-Based Attendance System with RFID for Higher Education Institution in Binus University  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study focuses on the development of a web-based attendance system with RFID in a Indonesian higher education institution. The development of this system is motivated due to the fact that the students' attendance records are one of the important elements that reflect their academic achievements. However, the current manual practice implemented is causing such a hassle. Empowering the usage of the new RFID based student card, a new web based-attendance system has been built to cater the recording and reporting of not just the student's' attendances, but also the lecturer's and taught topics in the class. The development of this system is inspired by the senior management. And the system can be easily accessed through the learning management system and can generate a report in real time, This paper will discuss in details the development until the maintaining phase of the system. Result achieved is the innovation of developing the system proved reliable to support related business processes and empowered the intention to maximize the usage of the RFID card. Considered as a successful implementation, this paper will give an input for others who want to implement a similar system.

Kurniali, S.; Mayliana

2014-03-01

209

Substance use and dietary practices among students attending alternative high schools: results from a pilot study  

PubMed Central

Background Substance use and poor dietary practices are prevalent among adolescents. The purpose of this study was to examine frequency of substance use and associations between cigarette, alcohol and marijuana use and selected dietary practices, such as sugar-sweetened beverages, high-fat foods, fruits and vegetables, and frequency of fast food restaurant use among alternative high school students. Associations between multi-substance use and the same dietary practices were also examined. Methods A convenience sample of adolescents (n = 145; 61% minority, 52% male) attending six alternative high schools in the St Paul/Minneapolis metropolitan area completed baseline surveys. Students were participants in the Team COOL (Controlling Overweight and Obesity for Life) pilot study, a group randomized obesity prevention pilot trial. Mixed model multivariate analyses procedures were used to assess associations of interest. Results Daily cigarette smoking was reported by 36% of students. Cigarette smoking was positively associated with consumption of regular soda (p = 0.019), high-fat foods (p = 0.037), and fast food restaurant use (p = 0.002). Alcohol (p = 0.005) and marijuana use (p = 0.035) were positively associated with high-fat food intake. With increasing numbers of substances, a positive trend was observed in high-fat food intake (p = 0.0003). There were no significant associations between substance use and fruit and vegetable intake. Conclusions Alternative high school students who use individual substances as well as multiple substances may be at high risk of unhealthful dietary practices. Comprehensive health interventions in alternative high schools have the potential of reducing health-compromising behaviors that are prevalent among this group of students. This study adds to the limited research examining substance use and diet among at-risk youth. Trial registration number ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01315743

2011-01-01

210

Improving the Attendance Rate for African American Male Students in an After School Reading Program through Parental Involvement, Positive Male Role Models, and Tutorial Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This practicum was designed to improve the attendance rate for African American male students in the After School Reading Is Fundamental (RIF) program. The attendance rate for male students was far below that of female students. The following strategies to increase male participation in the reading program were developed: local businesses and…

Tanksley, Mary Dennard

211

Determinants of Spectator Attendance at Historically Black Colleges' and Universities' Football Games  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Spectator attendance is a popular topic in the sport management literature. However, the primary focus of work done in this area has been examining professional sports, with collegiate sports lagging far behind. The impetus behind the focus on spectator attendance in collegiate sports is the potential impact it can have on increasing revenue in…

Stringfellow, Donnie

2011-01-01

212

Measuring Student Satisfaction at a UK University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to report on the design and use of a questionnaire to measure student satisfaction at Liverpool John Moores University's Faculty of Business and Law. Design/methodology/approach: The paper utilised the concept of the service-product bundle to design the survey questionnaire and then used SPSS and Quadrant…

Douglas, Jacqueline; Douglas, Alex; Barnes, Barry

2006-01-01

213

Mindfulness, Stress, and Coping among University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A sample of 135 first-year university students living in residence completed questionnaires that measured individual differences in mindfulness, coping styles, and perceived stress. Findings revealed significant positive relationships between mindfulness and rational coping, and significant negative relationships with emotional and avoidant coping…

Palmer, Angele; Rodger, Susan

2009-01-01

214

University Students' Attitudes: Croatia versus Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We surveyed Croatian and Turkish business school students, from universities emphasizing globalization, to analyze whether consideration for travel to the USA is affected by attitude toward their own country and the USA. The results from comparing and contrasting differences between these countries and differences between males and females in each…

Schnurr, Norman V.; Racic, Stanko; Gelo, Tomislav

2011-01-01

215

Student Target Marketing Strategies for Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As colleges and universities adopt marketing orientations to an ever-increasing extent, the relative merits of mass marketing and target marketing must also be explored. Researchers identify buyer types as potential students focused on quality, value or economy. On the other axis, learner types are described as those who focus on career,…

Lewison, Dale M.; Hawes, Jon M.

2007-01-01

216

Investigating University Students' Beliefs about Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the study is to investigate beliefs students usually held about language learning, based on the Beliefs About Language Learning Inventory (BALLI) questionnaire (Horwitz, 1988). For this purpose, 423 University learners of English in Iran were selected. Running descriptive statistics and the scree plot test, five factors were extracted:…

Mohebi, Sanaz Ghobadi; Khodadady, Ebrahim

2011-01-01

217

International Students and the American University Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Among the adjustments that international students encounter when studying at colleges in the United States is the transition to independent research in an American university library. Studies indicate that Non-Native Speakers of English is the population most likely to suffer from library anxiety and therefore most at risk for lowered academic…

Patton, Beth Ann

218

The Military Socialization of University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Revision of a paper presented at the American Sociological Association meetings, Denver, Colo., 1971. The effects of military training in a university setting on the attitudes of prospective army officers are examined. ROTC recruits students with militaristic attitudes; the Corps serves to insulate cadets from the liberalizing effects of the…

Goertzel, Ted; Hengst, Acco

1971-01-01

219

Predicting First Year University Students' Academic Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: Premature withdrawal from university due to academic failure can present problems for students, families and educators. In an effort to widen the understanding regarding factors predicting academic success in higher institutions, prior academic achievement measures (preparatory school grade average point (GPA), aptitude test scores,…

Olani, Aboma

2009-01-01

220

Student Satisfaction Survey: The Utrecht University Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasing attention on quality assurance, a decentralisation of responsibilities and need for quantitative data in accountability and decision support led to the development of a student satisfaction monitoring instrument at Utrecht University (UU). Initially marketing worked as a catalyst activity to prove the added value. At a later stage the…

Moller, Onno

2006-01-01

221

University Students' Grasp of Inflection Points  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes university students' grasp of inflection points. The participants were asked what inflection points are, to mark inflection points on graphs, to judge the validity of related statements, and to find inflection points by investigating (1) a function, (2) the derivative, and (3) the graph of the derivative. We found four…

Tsamir, Pessia; Ovodenko, Regina

2013-01-01

222

A Mobile Learning Organiser for University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the trial of a mobile learning organiser, developed for use by university students. Based on a wirelessly-enabled Pocket PC, the organiser makes use of existing mobile applications as well as tools designed specifically for the context of learning. The trial set out to identify what are the key tools for such a learning device. The primary uses

Dan Corlett; Mike Sharples; Tony Chan; Susan Bull

2004-01-01

223

Measuring Computer Science Knowledge Level of Hungarian Students Specialized in Informatics with Romanian Students Attending a Science Course or a Mathematics-Informatics Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An analysis of Information Technology knowledge of Hungarian and Romanian students was made with the help of a self developed web based Informatics Test. The goal of this research is an analysis of the Computer Science knowledge level of Hungarian and Romanian students attending a Science course or a Mathematics-Informatics course. Analysed was…

Kiss, Gabor

2012-01-01

224

Stressors and Reactions to Stressors Among University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: University students are prone to stressors due to the transitional nature of university life. High levels of stress are believed to affect students’ health as well as their academic performance.Aims: The aims of this study were to identify stressors and reactions to stressors among university students, and to examine the correlations between student stressors and study variables.Methods: A correlational

Shaher H. Hamaideh

2011-01-01

225

Cancer Awareness among University Students in Turkey.  

PubMed

Background: One of the most important reasons for the high mortality rates of cancer is the low level of awareness, which can lead to a late diagnosis and treatments starting too late. Therefore, it is necessary for individuals, especially at younger age, to gain awareness and integrate taking the necessary precautions into their lifestyle in order to prevent cancer and ensure early diagnosis. The aim of this study was to assess the levels of awareness of factors for major cancers among students studying in two different campuses of a university in the Western Black Sea Region. Materials and Methods: This descriptive/cross-sectional study was performed between January-March 2014. Students studying in the 2013-2014 academic year in a university in the Western Black Sea Region in two separate campuses were the subjects. Results: The mean age was 21.01±3.63. While female students (51.2%) were the majority in the health sciences campus (74.8%), male students (48.8% ) were the majority in the social sciences campus (76.5%). Some 9.6% of the students from the health sciences campus and 12.4% of the students from the social sciences campus thought that cancer was communicable, while most of the students from both campuses knew that smoking caused cancer. It can also be seen that the rate of answering questions regarding cancer correctly was higher among students studying in the health sciences campus. Conclusions: It was determined that students who do not study at the health sciences campus have insufficient information on cancer, cancer symptoms, and the possibility of breast cancer in males and approximately half of them regarded obesity as a risk factor for cancer. PMID:24935386

Kurtuncu, Meltem; Akhan, Latife Utas; Celik, Sevecen; Alkan, Isin

2014-01-01

226

Attendance Feedback in An Academic Setting: Preliminary Results  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the fall of 2005, the attendance behavior of 118 business students at Northern State University (NSU) was monitored in 4 classes. After 10 weeks of classes Absenteeism Feedback was given to these students. Examination of the data indicated a strong correlation between attendance and subsequent course grade. (Contains 1 table.)

Broucek, Willard G.; Bass, William

2008-01-01

227

An Analysis of the Incidence of Students Transferring from California Community Colleges to California State Universities, Fall 1973. OIR-75-24.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study summarizes data on the number of transfer students from various California community colleges to the 20 California state universities. Table 1 shows the distribution of the percentage of students from community colleges attending state universities. Each of seven colleges contribute 3 percent of the total, 19 colleges contribute 2…

Garlock, Jerry C.

228

The Relations among General and Race-Related Stressors and Psychoeducational Adjustment in Black Students Attending Predominantly White Institutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two hundred sixty African American college students attending predominantly White institutions completed the Black Student Stress Inventory (BSSI) and a measure of psychological adjustment; academic performance indices on a subsample were obtained via archival records. Principal components analysis of the BSSI yielded a three-factor solution: race-related stress, psychological\\/interpersonal stress, and academic stress. As predicted, general and race-related perceived stressors as

Helen A. Neville; P. Paul Heppner; Peter Ji; Russell Thye

2004-01-01

229

A Study of Well-Being and School Satisfaction among Academically Talented Students Attending a Science High School in Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine whether academically talented adolescents attending a residential science high school in Korea had different levels of psychological well-being or school life satisfaction than their high-ability peers in regular high schools. The participating high-ability students (n=299) were in their second year of high…

Jin, Suk-Un; Moon, Sidney M.

2006-01-01

230

Virginia Standards of Learning (Grades 6 through 12) That Are Covered When Students Attend Live Performances of Shakespeare's Plays.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines Standards of Learning for grades 6-12 students in Virginia that are covered when they attend live performances of William Shakespeare's plays. The paper details separate standards for each grade in English, subdivided into standards which fulfill requirements in Oral Language, Reading/Literature, Writing, and Research, along…

Brookshire, Cathy A.

231

The Impact of the Length of Preschool Attendance on the Academic Achievement and Retention of Third and Fourth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of the length of years of preschool attendance on the academic achievement and retention of third and fourth grade students in high and low achieving schools. The study consisted of the analysis of secondary data, i.e., mathematics and language arts literacy scores as the measurement of academic…

Brooks-Bey, Michelle Rubee

2011-01-01

232

Attendance and Chronic Absenteeism in Indiana: The Impact on Student Achievement. Education Policy Brief, Volume 10, Number 3, Summer 2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Education Policy Brief summarizes the research and data analysis completed by the Center for Evaluation and Education Policy (CEEP) on Indiana's student attendance and absenteeism data. The study was initiated by The Indiana Partnerships Center and conducted by CEEP with funding from USA Funds and State Farm. Additional partners in the study…

Spradlin, Terry; Cierniak, Katherine; Shi, Dingjing; Chen, Minge

2012-01-01

233

The Effect of Alternative Block Scheduling on the Retention of English Language Skills and Attendance Rate of Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect that alternative block scheduling has on the retention of English language skills and student attendance rate. In addition, the study explored the difference between teachers' preferences of alternative block scheduling versus traditional scheduling as it relates to years of teaching. The…

Gallager, LaKimberly R.

2009-01-01

234

Grades and Attendance: Is There a Link between Them with Respect to First Year Undergraduate Criminology Students?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the findings of research concerned with analysing the relationship between student attendance to core first year undergraduate criminology and criminal justice modules and the grades they receive in their first summative assessed coursework task for these modules. The research took place against the background of a concern…

Chamberlain, John Martyn

2012-01-01

235

Weight, socio-demographics, and health behaviour related correlates of academic performance in first year university students  

PubMed Central

Background This study aimed to examine differences in socio-demographics and health behaviour between Belgian first year university students who attended all final course exams and those who did not. Secondly, this study aimed to identify weight and health behaviour related correlates of academic performance in those students who attended all course exams. Methods Anthropometrics of 101 first year university students were measured at both the beginning of the first (T1) and second (T2) semester of the academic year. An on-line health behaviour questionnaire was filled out at T2. As a measure of academic performance student end-of-year Grade Point Averages (GPA) were obtained from the university’s registration office. Independent samples t-tests and chi 2 -tests were executed to compare students who attended all course exams during the first year of university and students who did not carry through. Uni- and multivariate linear regression analyses were conducted to identify correlates of academic performance in students who attended all course exams during the first year of university. Results Students who did not attend all course exams were predominantly male, showed higher increases in waist circumference during the first semester and consumed more French fries than those who attended all final course exams. Being male, lower secondary school grades, increases in weight, Body Mass Index and waist circumference over the first semester, more gaming on weekdays, being on a diet, eating at the student restaurant more frequently, higher soda and French fries consumption, and higher frequency of alcohol use predicted lower GPA’s in first year university students. When controlled for each other, being on a diet and higher frequency of alcohol use remained significant in the multivariate regression model, with frequency of alcohol use being the strongest correlate of GPA. Conclusions This study, conducted in Belgian first year university students, showed that academic performance is associated with a wide range of weight and health related behaviours. Future studies should investigate whether interventions aiming at promoting healthy behaviours among students could also have a positive impact on academic performance.

2013-01-01

236

Student Loans: Default Rates at Historically Black Colleges and Universities. Fact Sheet for the Honorable Paul Simon, U.S. Senate.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report looks at information on federally guaranteed student loans and loan defaults for students attending Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) and how the application of federal default rate thresholds to HBCUs beginning in July 1994 might affect their participation in federal student aid programs. The July 1994 thresholds…

General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.

237

Assessing Financial Aid Impacts on Time-to-Degree for Nontransfer Undergraduate Students at a Large Urban Public University. AIR 1999 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship between the time taken to obtain a baccalaureate degree and the type of financial aid received and/or student employment. Institutional data were analyzed for 4,403 nontransfer students attending a large urban public university. Data sets analyzed included: a longitudinal student master file, the undergraduate…

Lam, Lap-Pun T.

238

Information Found and Not Found: What University Websites Tell Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates how graduate students experience their university websites, or the institutional "virtual face." The sample included graduate students admitted to online and blended higher education programs at Texas Tech University and the University of Memphis. A total of 42 students provided open-ended answers to questions about…

Meyer, Katrina A.; Jones, Stephanie

2011-01-01

239

Non-Medical Prescription Drug Use among University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Non-medical prescription drug use is an increasing problem among university students. Purpose: The present study investigated university students' involvement in non-medical prescription drug (NMPD) use and associations between use and other risky behaviors. Methods: A sample of 363 university students completed a four page survey…

Vidourek, Rebecca A.; King, Keith A.; Knopf, Ellen E.

2010-01-01

240

Information literacy: implications for Mexican and Spanish university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

A growing concern for universities is developing a new educational model in which the student is educated both for future social responsibilities, and where information literacy is viewed as a lifelong learning requirement. Thus, there is a pressing need for empirical analyses to identify the extent to which university students are information-literate. Therefore, an investigation of university students from two

Judith Licea de Arenas; José Vicente Rodríguez; José Antonio Gómez; Miguel Arenas

2004-01-01

241

International Students' Experiences of University Libraries and Librarians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

International students constitute a significant proportion of the Australian university population, and thus of the university library-using population. Drawing on qualitative research findings, this paper discusses the library-related experiences and perceptions of international students at two Australian universities. While the students'…

Hughes, Hilary

2010-01-01

242

Bullying at a University: Students' Experiences of Bullying  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses on bullying at a Finnish university. In May 2010 an e-questionnaire was sent to each university student (N?=?10,551), and 27% of these students (N?=?2,805) responded. According to the results, 5% of the university students had experienced either indirect public bullying or direct verbal bullying on campus. In most cases, the…

Sinkkonen, Hanna-Maija; Puhakka, Helena; Meriläinen, Matti

2014-01-01

243

Absenteeism among medical and health science undergraduate students at Hawassa University, Ethiopia  

PubMed Central

Background Student absenteeism is a major concern for university education worldwide. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence and causes of absenteeism among undergraduate medical and health sciences students at Hawassa University. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional study using a pretested self-administered structured questionnaire from May-June 2013. The primary outcome indicator was self-reported absenteeism from lectures in the semester preceding the study period. The study included all regular undergraduate students who were enrolled in the University for at least one semester. The data was entered and analyzed using SPSS version 20. The association between class absenteeism and socio-demographic and behavioral correlates of absenteeism was determined by bivariate and multivariate analyses. Results were reported as crude odds ratios (COR), adjusted odds ratios (AOR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results 1200 students consented and filled the questionnaire. Of these students, 43.7% had missed three or more lectures and 14.1% (95% CI?=?12.2-16.2) missed more than 8 lectures in the preceding semester. There was a significant association between missing more than 8 lectures and age of students, chosen discipline (medicine), and social drug use. The main reasons reported for missing lectures were preparing for another examination, lack of interest, lecturer’s teaching style, and availability of lecture material. Conclusion At Hawassa University College of Medicine and Health Science student habits and teacher performance play a role in absenteeism from lectures. A university culture that promotes discipline and integrity especially among medical and older students discourages social drug use will likely improve motivation and attendance. Training in teaching methodologies to improve the quality and delivery of lectures should also help increase attendance.

2014-01-01

244

Migraine among medical students in Kuwait University  

PubMed Central

Background Medical students routinely have triggers, notably stress and irregular sleep, which are typically associated with migraine. We hypothesized that they may be at higher risk to manifest migraine. We aimed to determine the prevalence of migraine among medical students in Kuwait University. Methods This is cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study. Participants who had two or more headaches in the last 3 months were subjected to two preliminary questions and participants with at least one positive response were asked to perform the validated Identification of Migraine (ID Migraine™) test. Frequency of headache per month and its severity were also reported. Results Migraine headache was suggested in 27.9% subjects based on ID-Migraine™. Migraine prevalence (35.5% and 44%, versus 31.1%, 25%, 21.1%, 14.8%, 26.5%, p?students in the last 2 years compared to first five years of their study. Stress 43 (24.9%), irregular sleep 36 (20.8%), and substantial reading tasks 32 (18.5%), were the most common triggering factors cited by the students. Conclusion The prevalence of migraine is higher among medical students in Kuwait University compared to other published studies. The migraine prevalence, frequency and headache severity, all increased in the final two years of education.

2014-01-01

245

Understanding the Availability and Characteristics of University-Based Precollege Programs for District of Columbia Public School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the availability and characteristics of university-based precollege programs designed to improve college access and success for students attending District of Columbia Public Schools (DCPS). Employing a mixed-method approach, this study used quantitative data collected through a survey instrument to measure the degree to which…

Bullock, Thomas Hudson

2010-01-01

246

Age, Marital Status and Time in U.S. as Correlates to English Language Proficiency of Male Arab University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the difficulties that 400 male Arab students, attending five universities in the District of Columbia, experienced with academic English while seeking college degrees. A survey investigated problems with nine aspects of English language proficiency: (1) expressing ideas correctly, (2) understanding lectures, (3) taking class…

Addou, Ibrahim Hassan; Hodinko, Bernard A.

247

Kenyan university students' views on AIDS.  

PubMed

In view of the rapidly increasing number of AIDS cases reported in Kenya since 1984, a survey was conducted among Kenyatta University undergraduate students during October and November 1988 to gauge their knowledge, attitudes and practices with regard to the disease. A random sample of 344 individuals both men and women was interviewed. The results showed that almost everyone had heard about AIDS and the knowledge was spread evenly across gender. Although the students were able to identify the symptoms of a full blown AIDS victim, their knowledge on HIV was vague. Other findings were: that condoms were lowly rated as a strategy for minimizing the risk of contracting AIDS and the majority of the students attempted to reduce the chance of contracting the disease by having one sex partner. However, the students were apathetic about contracting the disease. In the event of becoming victims of AIDS, most of them indicated that they would not merely wait to die; instead they would commit suicide. In view of these findings, there is a case for educating this group on how to respond to the AIDS infection. PMID:8033774

Sindiga, I; Lukhando, M

1993-11-01

248

Measuring nutrition attitude among university students.  

PubMed

A nutrition attitude scale for use with university nutrition students was modeled on the Carruth and Anderson attitude scale. Content validity for the Attitude Toward Nutrition Scale (ATNS) was achieved by a review panel of experts. The ATNS and the Rokeach Dogmatism Scale were administered simultaneously for criterion-related validity indicating a reasonable construct relationship. Reliability was demonstrated by a coefficient alpha of 0.84 and a split-half reliabiltiy estimate of 0.86. The new scale excludes statements regarding nutrition knowledge and avoids sexist language. PMID:6827005

Boren, A R; Dixon, P N; Reed, D B

1983-03-01

249

Clinical and socio-demographic characteristics of university students referred to an eating disorders service.  

PubMed

This study describes the socio-demographic characteristics and eating disorders symptomatology of university students assessed by a specialised NHS eating disorders service in the UK over a 4-year period. Information was gathered on past treatment history, source of referral, details of university and course of study, whether the patient was still open to the service or discharged, and if the patient had dropped out of contact from services. The study also describes the diagnosis of the assessed patients as well as the results of the Eating Disorders Inventory (EDI), Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) and Revised Symptom Check List 90 (SCL-90-R) questionnaires. The study shows that the university students attending an eating disorder service often suffer from severe conditions, which are generally well-established before they start their university studies. The study discusses the implication of those results in service delivery and future service development. PMID:17676683

Arcelus, Jon; Button, Eric

2007-03-01

250

Does Higher Education Reduce or Reproduce Social Class Differences? Schooling at Yale University, University of Connecticut, and University of New Haven, and Student Attitudes and Expectations Regarding Future Work.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issue of whether higher education reduces or reproduces structured social inequality was investigated by comparing the background, current educational experiences, and expectations regarding future work of freshmen and senior liberal arts students who attend upper, middle, and working class universities. Responses were received from 173 Yale…

Hoffnung, Robert J.; Sack, Allan L.

251

Hypercholesterolemia Among Apparently Healthy University Students  

PubMed Central

Background Hypercholesterolemia (HC) is a major risk factor in the development of coronary heart disease (CHD). Serum cholesterol is directly related to complications and mortalities associated with heart diseases. There are a few studies that describe HC among youths in the Arab Gulf countries. We sought to evaluate HC among young healthy university students to assess their risk of developing CHD. Methods Lipid profile of 166 students between the ages of 16-30 years (Mean: 20.49±2.96) were examined and blood glucose, total protein, albumin, thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and the inflammation marker high sensitivity CRP (hsCRP) were determined. Each volunteer filled a questionnaire about her/his lifestyle and personal and family medical histories and height and weight were measured to determine body mass index (BMI). The data were analyzed using SPSS version 17. Chi-Square was used to determine the relation between categorical variables. A p-value <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results According to the American Heart Association criteria, 44 (26.5%) students were identified with primary hypercholesterolemia (PHC) in the first testing round. After proper health counseling, the same tests were repeated after 2-3 weeks in all 44 hypercholesterolemic students. We found only 26 (15.6%) of them to be hypercholesterolemic. There was a significant relation between high total cholesterol (TC) and high TC/HDLC, as well as high or very high hsCRP and high TC/HDLC (both, p<0.001). Males tend to have higher TC/HDLC and hsCRP than females (both p0.002 and 0.005, respectively). Family history of CHD was found in 8 students and obesity was recorded in 5 volunteers. Conclusion The results necessitate further studies in determining the cause of PHC. We predict a genetic element contributing to the high percentage of PHC in the current study.

Shawar, Said M.; Al-Bati, Neda A.; Al-Mahameed, Ali; Nagalla, Das S.; Obeidat, Mohammed

2012-01-01

252

Understanding Television-Based Distance Education: Identifying Barriers to University Attendance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 100 students enrolled in telecourses in the Annenberg/CPB Project found that time rather than distance was their major constraint. Interaction with faculty was more important than student interaction. More than half had computers at home but would be less inclined to take courses requiring use of computers in the workplace or campus…

Hezel, R. T.; Dirr, P. J.

1991-01-01

253

College Student Characteristics and Attitudes about University Summer School Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eighty-four students at a regional southeastern university completed an anonymous 24-item questionnaire which was developed and designed to assess attitudes and general reasons that students enrolled in summer school at the university. The data showed where students learned about summer school, why they enrolled, if they would enroll in the future…

Price, Kelly; Bradford, Sarah

2010-01-01

254

An Investigation into the Critical Thinking Skills of University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the present study was to investigate into the critical thinking skills of late adolescent Turkish university students. The subjects of the study were the 39 students from the Department of Counseling Psychology and Guidance, Faculty of Education, Uludag University. Two separate discussion groups, each including five students, were…

Asude, Bilgin; Jale, Eldelekioglu

2007-01-01

255

Economic Crisis, Universities and Students in Western Europe.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Characterizes influences of the economic and political climate on universities and students in western Europe. As a result of university budget cuts, unemployment among educated youth, and increases in the cost of living, university students are experiencing a sense of uselessness, lost status, and confused identity. (Author/DB)

Forstenzer, Thomas

1978-01-01

256

Bullying and School Attendance: A Case Study of Senior High School Students in Ghana. CREATE Pathways to Access. Research Monograph No. 41  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph analyses the effects of bullying on school attendance among senior high school students in Ghana. A strong correlation is found between being bullied and having poor attendance. The effects of emotional problems and of peer friendships on this correlation are then examined. For both boys and girls, having emotional problems is…

Dunne, Mairead; Bosumtwi-Sam, Cynthia; Sabates, Ricardo; Owusu, Andrew

2010-01-01

257

THE IMPACT OF HISTORICALLY BLACK COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES ON THE ACADEMIC SUCCESS OF AFRICAN-AMERICAN STUDENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anchored in national longitudinal data analyzed through hierarchical linear and non-linear modeling, this study found that\\u000a African-American students have a similar probability of obtaining a BA degree whether they attended a historically Black college\\u000a or university (HBCU) or a historically White college or university (HWCU). Among African-Americans, females are more likely\\u000a to obtain a baccalaureate degree than males. Especially given

Mikyong Minsun Kim; Clifton F. Conrad

2006-01-01

258

The effects of guided group interaction on the locus-of-control, self-concept, and attendance of high school students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the study was to determine the effects of a program of guided interaction on small groups of high school students (10-15) in regard to their Locus of Control, self-concept and attendance and whether there was a differential effect for boys and girls. The study was conducted in an urban school of 1216 students. One hundred ten students

Nancy Craik Beights

1992-01-01

259

The Myth of the "Green Student": Student Involvement in Australian University Sustainability Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper questions the prevalence of "green students" and their impact on decision-making in sustainability programmes in Australian universities. While the universities studied provide numerous opportunities for student involvement in sustainability programmes, comparatively few students actually become involved, making student impact…

Butt, L.; More, E.; Avery, G. C.

2014-01-01

260

Delayed Sleep and Sleep Loss in University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A sample of 211 first-year psychology students completed a questionnaire of sleep habits and difficulities. It was discovered that Delayed Sleep Phase Syndrome may be a significant problem in university student populations. (Author/JD)

Lack, Leon C.

1986-01-01

261

On the Effectiveness of Students' Evaluative Feedback to University Instructors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on the effectiveness and use of college students' evaluation of faculty is reviewed. It is suggested that the research shows student feedback has a minimal effect on instructional improvement at the university level. (MH)

Rotem, Arie; Glasman, Naftaly S.

1979-01-01

262

Mobile Phone Usage Behavior of University Students in Oman  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to study the mobile phone usage behavior of university students in Oman. A survey was conducted in Muscat and Sohar cities of Oman where 200 students were contacted using questionnaires and interview methods. Students in higher educational institutions were covered and hypotheses about mobile services usage among students were formulated and tested on different

Rakesh Belwal; Shweta Belwal

2009-01-01

263

United Arab Emirates University Students' Attitudes towards the Handicapped.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of scores of 313 students at the United Arab Emirates University on the College Students' Attitude Scale towards the Handicapped found significantly more positive attitudes by females versus males, single versus married students, residents versus nonresidents, families with children having disabilities, students having previous contact…

Smadi, Ahmad A.; Sartawi, Abdel Aziz M.

1995-01-01

264

Residents' Ethical Disagreements with Attending Physicians: An Unrecognized Problem.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a survey of 36 residents and 41 medical faculty at the West Virginia University School of Medicine, residents recounted 127 ethical disagreements between attending physicians and housestaff in the previous year; attending physicians reported 19. Students' most troubling disagreements were over treatments they considered futile. Only 11 had…

Shreves, Jennifer Giaquinto; Moss, Alvin H.

1996-01-01

265

The First Semester Academic Performance of Urban Junior College Transfer Students to Columbia vs Two Urban Campuses of the University of Missouri.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A comparison of two groups of urban area junior college transfer students who attended local urban campuses of the University of Missouri and of two other groups who transferred to the Columbia branch of the University of Missouri was the subject of this study. The comparison was made in regard to the question of whether or not urban area junior…

Britton, Ronald B.

266

Student attitudes toward concealed handguns on campus at 2 universities.  

PubMed

We examined student support for a policy that would allow carrying of concealed handguns on university campuses. Large percentages of students at 2 universities expressed very low levels of comfort with the idea of permitting concealed handgun carrying on campus, suggesting that students may not welcome less restrictive policies. Students held slightly different opinions about concealed handguns on and off campus, suggesting that they view the campus environment as unique with respect to concealed handgun carrying. PMID:22720763

Cavanaugh, Michael R; Bouffard, Jeffrey A; Wells, William; Nobles, Matt R

2012-12-01

267

Analysis of Students Health Condition in Our University  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

According to the national standard of students’ health, the health condition of university student should be tested once every academic year. The health condition is expressed by the data of a series of items, including height, weight, vital capacity, standing long jump, grip strength and sit-and-reach. This paper analyzes the health data of freshman students enrolled in 2007, 2008 and 2009 in our university, finds the existed problems and proposes suggestions on how to improve our students’ health condition.

Wang, Li

268

The Health Effects of Attending College for Latina Undergraduate Students and Their Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background and objective. Latinos are the largest ethnic minority in the U.S. and by 2050 they are estimated to become one quarter of the population, yet only one in ten has a college degree. More Latino women (Latinas) are currently attending college than Latino men. To date research has focused on their experiences and where they obtain support…

Mount, Jill Katherine

2010-01-01

269

Ready for University? A Cross-National Study of Students' Perceived Preparedness for University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students' preparedness for higher education is seen as one of the main factors affecting first-year attrition or study success. In this paper we report on a cross-national study in which students' preparedness for university was measured "before" students commenced their study at a university in New Zealand or in the Netherlands. This…

Jansen, Ellen P. W. A.; van der Meer, Jacques

2012-01-01

270

Entering the University: The Differentiated Experience of Two Chinese International Students in a New Zealand University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article draws on findings from a longitudinal study of Chinese international students beginning study in a New Zealand university, and focuses on the very different experience of two students in relation to a single course and its assessment requirements, as they sought ways to negotiate identities as university students in their new setting.…

Skyrme, Gillian

2007-01-01

271

The Paradox of Risk: Historically Black College/ University Students and Sexual Health  

PubMed Central

Objective This literature review provides an analysis of the current state of the empirical research on sexual health among students attending Historically Black Colleges and Universities. Methods Several electronic databases were used to identify twenty-four empirical studies that met criteria for inclusion in this review. Results The results indicated that perceived HIV risk, religiosity, HIV testing, condom use, and substance use were as high or higher for Black HBCU students in comparison to students of other racial/ ethnic groups. Comment Consistent with past findings, sexually transmitted infections continue to be of concern among HBCU students, as seen in the general Black population. Limitations This review only examined cross-sectional studies published between 2000 and 2013. Conclusions: The findings in this review suggest the importance of moving beyond individual risk models to examining structural barriers and assets related to promoting sexual health on HBCU campuses.

Younge, Sinead N.; Corneille, Maya A.; Lyde, Miriam; Cannady, Jessica

2013-01-01

272

Effectiveness of University Bridging Programs in Preparing Students for University Education: A Case from East Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Study abroad brings several advantages to students, universities, countries, and academe. However, across countries with incongruent preuniversity education structures, some students are denied admission to foreign universities, due to gaps in their admissibility. Some institutions offer university bridging programs, to enhance the admissibility…

Ssempebwa, Jude; Eduan, Wilson; Mulumba, Fawz Nassir

2012-01-01

273

Optional Student Use of Online Lecture Resources: Resource Preferences, Performance and Lecture Attendance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most common uses of a course management system in the on-campus environment is to offer lecture resources to students. Few researchers have investigated how students use such resources. This study considers student use of lecture resources that offer a representation of the lecture presented (i.e. lecture outline, lecture summary, audio…

Grabe, M.; Christopherson, K.

2008-01-01

274

Educational Goals of Automotive Mechanics Students Attending Postsecondary Vocational Institutes in Georgia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study to develop a demographic profile of the 703 students enrolled in automotive mechanics courses at technical institutes in Georgia and to identify differences in the educational goals of different groups of automotive mechanics students (e.g., day/evening students, and different age, racial, and employment status groups). (MAB)

Silcox, James B.; Herren, Ray V.

1993-01-01

275

A case of prepubertal periodontitis and prevalence of gingivitis in a population attending a university clinic in Rosario, Argentina.  

PubMed

The present study was based on the finding of a case of prepubertal periodontitis, a low prevalence pathology. One hundred and fifty-two infant patients attending the Department of Odontopediatrics of the Faculty of Dentistry of the National University of Rosario over the period April 1995-September 1996 were included in the present study. The reason for consultation was dental caries. However, the high general prevalence of gingivitis (50%) was remarkable. This may be due to deficient oral health care awareness at home and at school. The prevalence of prepubertal periodontitis (PPP) in the population under study (one case of localized PPP) was 0.66%. These data are in agreement with international reports that account for a prevalence value of less than 1%. A relevant difference with other reported cases could be that this patient complained of upper respiratory tract disorders and, occasionally, ear infections. These symptoms appear in the generalized but not the localized forms of the disease. PMID:12905909

Funosas, E; Martínez, A; Maestri, L; Siragusa, M

1999-01-01

276

Student Funded University Counseling Centers: Operational Challenges for Year 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Changes in administrative policies and budgetary cutbacks add to the vulnerability of many university counseling centers. Two possible solutions, currently existing within two state-affiliated universities, entail housing student counseling in student health centers and either linking counseling administratively with health services or keeping…

Gillespie, Janet F.; And Others

277

Knowledge and Attitudes toward Hookah Usage among University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Hookah smoking is a popular form of tobacco use on university campuses. This study documented use, attitudes, and knowledge of hookah smoking among college students. Participants: The sample included 943 university students recruited between February 2009 and January 2010. Respondents ("M" age = 20.02) included 376 males, 533…

Holtzman, Adam L.; Babinski, Dara; Merlo, Lisa J.

2013-01-01

278

Tobacco Consumption and Motives for Use in Mexican University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increased tobacco consumption, specially among adolescents and females, has been observed recently in Mexico. The goal of this study is to describe tobacco consumption and motives for use among university students. A descriptive cross-sectional study was performed using data provided by 282 students aged 15-24 studying at the University of…

Rasmussen-Cruz, Bettylu; Hidalgo-San Martin, Alfredo; Nuno-Gutierrez, Bertha Lidia; Hidalgo-Rasmussen, Carlos

2006-01-01

279

Peer Interaction: The Experience of Distance Students at University Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates how university students on distance learning courses experience interaction with their peers. Students on two distance learning courses at The Open University (UK) were interviewed, to investigate learners' experience of interaction on these courses. The analysis, using a grounded-theory approach, reveals disparities…

Ferguson, R.

2010-01-01

280

The Nigerian University Teachers' Effectiveness as Perceived by Their Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study investigated the Delta State University, Abraka, Students' concept of the "effective teacher". A sample of 200 second year university students selected from four faculties were asked to select three most important characteristics of a good teacher from a list of ten. The data obtained were analysed using the percentage frequency. The…

Okoye, Nnamdi S.

2008-01-01

281

Retention of the Latino University Student: The Case of CSULB.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the characteristics, needs, and actual experiences of Latino (Mexican American/Chicano and other Hispanic) students enrolled at California State University, Long Beach (CSULB), through identification of Hispanic demographic characteristics from university records, comparison of Student Affirmative Action Outreach Program (SAA)…

Ramirez, Genevieve M.

282

University Student Drinking: The Role of Motivational and Social Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aims: To investigate UK university student drinking in terms of social and motivational factors. Design: Quantitative and qualitative studies. Participants: Undergraduate students at a UK university: 50 "heavy drinkers" and 49 "light drinkers", equally distributed in terms of sex and year of study. Data: Questionnaire measures of drinking…

Orford, Jim; Krishnan, Mya; Balaam, Melanie; Everitt, Meri; Van der Graaf, Kathryn

2004-01-01

283

Awareness of Biotechnological Application: A Study among University Geography Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to measure the differences of university geography students about biotechnology. Therefore an awareness scale was developed by the researcher. 102 students from six different universities and their academic levels were included in the survey. The findings of the survey were evaluated both descriptively and statistically.…

Ozel, Ali; Terzi, Irfan; Ozel, Emine

2009-01-01

284

The Experiences of University Students with a Mood Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mood disorders typically materialise in young adulthood, a life-stage when many enter university. However, Padron notes that few studies have examined the experiences of students with a mood disorder. The current study offers a thematic analysis of semi-structured interviews with five university students who had personal experience of such a…

Demery, Rachel; Thirlaway, Kathryn; Mercer, Jenny

2012-01-01

285

University Students' Views on the Utility of Psychiatric Advance Directives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Rates of serious mental illnesses (SMIs) among university students are increasing, and universities are struggling with how to respond to students who show SMI symptoms. Psychiatric advance directives (PADs) allow individuals, when well, to document their wishes for treatment during a psychiatric crisis. This project explored the…

Scheyett, Anna M.; Rooks, Adrienne

2012-01-01

286

Social Class, Identity and the "Good" Student: Negotiating University Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through the use of narrative portraits this paper discusses social class and identity, as working-class university students perceive them. With government policy encouraging wider participation rates from under-represented groups of people within the university sector, working-class students have found themselves to be the objects of much…

Pearce, Jane; Down, Barry; Moore, Elizabeth

2008-01-01

287

Negative Social Experiences of University and College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we investigate Canadian university and college students' interpersonal conflicts and exposure to abuse and violence during their postsecondary studies and assess the emotional, social, and academic impact of these experiences. Our findings, based on a sample 1174 university and college students in Southwestern Ontario, revealed…

Tremblay, Paul F.; Harris, Roma; Berman, Helene; MacQuarrie, Barb; Hutchinson, Gail E.; Smith, Mary Ann; Braley, Susan; Jelley, Jennifer; Dearlove, Kristen

2008-01-01

288

Exploring the Motivational Trajectories of Gifted University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through qualitative interviews, the authors examined the experiences of six gifted high-achieving university students to understand the factors that allowed the students to continue on their paths to success. The participants in this study revealed a number of issues that were central to their motivation upon arriving at the university. These…

Hammond, Daniel R.; McBee, Matthew T.; Hebert, Thomas P.

2007-01-01

289

Using Mobile Phones to Prepare for University Lectures: Student's Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we present findings from a study of students' use of mobile phones in a biology course at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU). Using a qualitative research approach we focus on how mobile phones can complement and add value to the educational challenge of encouraging university students to obtain some topic…

Rismark, Marit; Solvberg, Astrid M.; Stromme, Alex; Hokstad, Leif Martin

2007-01-01

290

Foreign Students' Patterns at Canadian Universities in 1980-81.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1980-81 and 1979-80 enrollment patterns of foreign students in Canadian universities are compared. The total number of foreign students increased rapidly during the early 1970s, peaked in 1976-77, and leveled off or declined in the following three years. Provincial patterns, however, did not conform to this national trend. Universities in…

von Zur-Muehlen, Max

291

Financial literacy among university students: an Australian case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Financial literacy has been defined by the National Foundation for Education Research as ‘the ability to make informed judgments and to take effective decisions regarding the use and management of money’ (Noctor, Stoney and Stradling, 1992, p. 4). This study investigates the financial literacy levels of Australian university students, using students studying at the University of Wollongong (UOW) as a

Sonia Bird

2008-01-01

292

An investigation of loneliness and perfectionism in university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to investigate loneliness and perfectionism of the university students. The sample set of the research was 535 university students 328 of which were female and 207 were male. T test and Pearson's product moment coefficient technique were used for the statistical analyses of the research. As a result of the study with respect to

Co?kun Arslan; Erdal Hamarta; Ömer Üre; Zümra Özye?il

2010-01-01

293

Cognitive Distortions and Autonomy among Chinese University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the roles of university students' cognitive distortions in their sense of autonomy. One hundred and three third-year university students from Shanghai, The People's Republic of China, responded to the Cognitive Distortion Scales [Briere, J. (2000). "Cognitive Distortion Scales: Professional manual". Lutz,…

Zhang, Li-fang

2008-01-01

294

The Prediction of University Students' Willingness to Seek Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this research is to determine the variables that qualify the help seeking behavior (willingness to seek counseling) of Turkish university students. A total of 5829 college students (2974 females, 2841 males, 14 unknown) from eleven universities in Turkey have participated in the study. Personal Form, Self Concealment Scale, Willingness…

Erkan, Serdar; Ozbay, Yasar; Cihangir-Cankaya, Zeynep; Terzi, Serife

2012-01-01

295

Political Climates, Political Knowledge and Political Preferences of University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Article examines the impact of a number of socio-political variables and the political environment -- the national political opinion climate -- on the party choice of university students using data from 1,006 questionnaires completed by first year University of New Brunswick students. (Author)

Ghaem-Maghami, Farhat

1973-01-01

296

Conceptions of Creativity among Hong Kong University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research had two objectives. The first was to determine the reliability and validity of the multifaceted assessment of creativity (MAC) for evaluating Hong Kong university students' conceptions of creativity. The second was to establish if the theory-practice and gender gaps discovered among mainland Chinese university students would be…

Zhang, Li-fang

2013-01-01

297

Understanding First Year University Students: Personal Epistemology and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whilst participation in higher education has increased dramatically over the last two decades, many universities are only now beginning to pay more attention to the learning experiences of first year students. It is important for universities to understand how first year students conceive of learning and knowing in order to promote effective…

Walker, Sue; Brownlee, Joanne; Lennox, Sandra; Exley, Beryl; Howells, Kerry; Cocker, Fiona

2009-01-01

298

The English Vocabulary Knowledge of Indonesian University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article reports on a research study conducted in an Indonesian university to estimate the English vocabulary knowledge of a large sample of first-year students. This is a significant topic because the students are expected to be able to read English language texts in their university courses, something that is difficult for them to manage without an adequate knowledge of

Ari Nurweni; John Read

1999-01-01

299

Linking School-University Collaboration and K-12 Student Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides a platform for an array of educators to discuss the impact of professional development schools and other school-university partnerships on student learning. The 11 papers include: (1) "Using Research to Connect School-University Partnerships to Student Outcomes" (Lee Teitel); (2) "Making a Difference: A Professional Development…

Wiseman, Donna L., Ed.; Knight, Stephanie L., Ed.

300

Counselling International Students in Turkish Universities: Current Status and Recommendations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the present study, the current status of international students and counselling services provided at Turkish universities is addressed. Firstly, a brief history of counselling and counselling services in Turkish universities is examined, leading to a consideration of the current status of international students and counselling services.…

Bektas, Dilek Yelda

2008-01-01

301

Black Student Attitudes Toward a Predominantly White University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the results of an attitudinal study using 635 black students at the University of Maryland. Results indicate that blacks strongly feel that the University should provide a telephone crisis service, a drug counseling service, contraceptive and abortion information, Student Advisory Boards, and a legal counseling service. They…

Sedlacek, William E.; And Others

302

A Study Reexamining Alcohol Use among University of Kansas Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 1992 survey of alcohol use of university students conducted at the University of Kansas used identical sampling procedures and contained many of the same items as a previous survey conducted in 1988. A total of 493 questionnaires were returned. A total of 49 students or 9.9% claimed to not have had an alcoholic beverage or to have had one…

Heck, Edward J.; And Others

303

Weight-loss practices among university students in Mexico  

PubMed Central

Objective To evaluate the prevalence of weight-loss practices among university students from Tlaxcala, Mexico. Methods A cross-sectional study of 2,651 university students was conducted. Logistic regression tests were used to estimate the probability of students trying to lose weight and successfully achieving weight loss. Results Nearly 40% of students attempted to lose weight, though only about 7% lost more than 10% of their body weight and maintained this weight loss during the time of the study. The methods used most were exercise and dieting, and those who dieted were more successful at losing weight. Conclusions The high prevalence of weight-loss attempts and the poor outcomes with these weight-loss methods among this sample of university students is a public health concern. Universities should provide students with healthy weight-control approaches, which include offering information about healthier lifestyles, access to healthy food and opportunities to be physically active.

Dosamantes-Carrasco, Darina; Lamure, Michel; Lopez-Loyo, Perla; Hernandez-Palafox, Corin; Pineda-Perez, Dayana; Flores, Yvonne; Salmeron, Jorge

2009-01-01

304

Coping with stalking among university students.  

PubMed

The present study examined behavioral coping actions and coping strategies in relation to specific contextual factors (e.g., victim-stalker relationship, stalking violence, duration of stalking, and prior victimization) among Finnish university students. Participants completed a stalking survey, also including items concerning coping. Victims of violent stalking threatened the stalker with the use of certain legal actions significantly more compared with victims of nonviolent stalking, but no difference in the actual use of formal help was found. Instead victims of stalking tried to avoid the stalker or turned to friends and family for help. Victim-stalker relationship, stalker violence, and number of stalking episodes had a significant main effect on certain coping strategies (e.g., positive reappraisal, escape-avoidance, and problem-solving), while no interaction effect was found. The findings suggest that knowledge of victim-coping behavior and strategies is crucial for health care and law enforcement professionals when devising appropriate support for victims and developing multidisciplinary approaches. PMID:20565009

Björklund, Katja; Häkkänen-Nyholm, Helinä; Sheridan, Lorraine; Roberts, Karl

2010-01-01

305

Counselling International Students in Turkish Universities: Current Status and Recommendations  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present study, the current status of international students and counselling services provided at Turkish universities\\u000a is addressed. Firstly, a brief history of counselling and counselling services in Turkish universities is examined, leading\\u000a to a consideration of the current status of international students and counselling services. Finally, key elements for working\\u000a effectively with international students are presented and a

Dilek Yelda Bekta?

2008-01-01

306

Modern Professionalism in Libya: Attitudes of University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses research which studies the attitudes of university students in Libya toward various aspects of occupational life. Findings include 1) that students have a limited enthusiasm for higher education and professional training, and 2) that female students have a high receptivity and readiness to venture into male dominated…

Al-Nouri, Qais N.

1975-01-01

307

Why German? Motivation of Students Studying German at English Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What drives students to study German at university level? Although motivational research has been booming in recent years, students' motivation to pursue a modern foreign language beyond school level has not received much attention in the UK. This article sheds light on the various reasons that drive students in the UK to pursue a modern foreign…

Busse, Vera; Williams, Marion

2010-01-01

308

Jordan University Students' Performance on the Verbs Make and Do  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper attempted to study Jordan University students' performance on MAKE and DO at the two linguistic levels of production and recognition. The main objectives were to see if the students were aware of the differences in use between these high-frequency verbs; to identify the difficulties that students encountered in using or recognizing…

Eisouh, Zuhair

2012-01-01

309

University Students' Wellness: What Difference Can a Course Make?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to describe the influence of a health education course on first year university students. Initially designed to serve the pedagogical needs of physical education, recreation and kinesiology students, the course attracts a diversity of students across disciplines. We assessed the influence of the course as interpreted…

Higgins, J. Wharf; Lauzon, L. L.; Yew, A.; Bratseth, C.; Morley, V.

2009-01-01

310

Sleep Patterns of College Students at a Public University  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The authors' purpose in this study was to determine the sleep patterns of college students to identify problem areas and potential solutions. Participants: A total of 313 students returned completed surveys. Methods: A sleep survey was e-mailed to a random sample of students at a North Central university. Questions included individual sleep patterns, problems, and possible influencing factors. Results:

LeAnne M. Forquer; Adrian E. Camden; Krista M. Gabriau; C. Merle Johnson

2008-01-01

311

Assessing the Research Needs of Graduate Students at Georgetown University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a two-part study of the research needs of graduate students at Georgetown University. The first part, conducted in May 2010, consisted of an online survey about students' research practices and opinions about the library. The second part, conducted in May 2011, consisted of focus groups with particular subsets of graduate students. The…

Gibbs, David; Boettcher, Jennifer; Hollingsworth, Jill; Slania, Heather

2012-01-01

312

Sultan Qaboos University's Student-Teacher Attitude Toward Instructional Media.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates the effects of specific courses offered at the college of education of Sultan Qaboos University (Oman) on student-teacher attitudes toward instructional media in practice teaching. Results showed that female student-teachers have a more positive attitude than males; the students' majors (i.e., Arabic or English) did not have any…

El-Hmaisat, Hamad

1996-01-01

313

Mistreatment of university students most common during medical studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: This study concerns the occurrence of various forms of mistreatment by staff and fellow students experienced by students in the Faculty of Medicine and the other four faculties of the University of Oulu, Finland. METHODS: A questionnaire with 51 questions on various forms of physical and psychological mistreatment was distributed to 665 students (451 females) after lectures or examinations

Arja Rautio; Vappu Sunnari; Matti Nuutinen; Marja Laitala

2005-01-01

314

The effectiveness of biofeedback training among university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

University students need some support program to improve the academic performance. Biofeedback training is one of the effectiveness programs to help students handling the problem regarding of their study process. In this research, the biofeedback training to manage study anxiety in order to increase academic performance among students is proposed. The research was selected for 12 participants. They are divided

P. Vitasari; M. N. A. Wahab; A. Othman; M. G. Awang

2009-01-01

315

A Four Session Format to Work with University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aims of this exploratory study were twofold. First, we compared 35 students seen at a university-based counselling clinic with 35 non-student outpatients seen at a psychiatric clinic with respect to symptom impairment, depression, anxiety, and social adjustment. Second, we examined the impact of a four session Brief Psychodynamic Investigation (BPI) with the 35 students. No significant differences were found

Luc Michel; Martin Drapeau; Jean-Nicolas Despland

2004-01-01

316

Investigating Students' Beliefs about Arabic Language Programs at Kuwait University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study attempted to identify students' of Arabic programs beliefs about their chosen programs. To achieve this purpose, a survey was developed to collect the data from randomly selected students in liberal-arts and education-based programs at Kuwait University. The results showed that students were statistically differentiated as a…

Al-Shaye, Shaye S.

2009-01-01

317

Trends in University Student Attitudes and Behavior Toward Drugs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Trends in student attitudes and behavior toward drug use were investigated through administration of two anonymous polls to University of Maryland freshmen during summer, 1971 (N = 538) and summer, 1972 (N = 761). Both polls were designed to investigate the incidence and frequency of drug use among incoming students, as well as students' reasons…

Fago, David P.; Sedlacek, William E.

318

Assessment of Evidence in University Students' Scientific Writing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines uses of evidence in university students' writing of scientific argument in an introductory-level oceanography course. Provides students with an interactive CD-ROM entitled 'Our Dynamic Planet' to write a scientific technical paper. Discusses ways of teaching students the construction of argument in scientific writing. (KHR)

Takao, Allison Y.; Kelly, Gregory J.

2003-01-01

319

Academic, Career and Personal Needs of Nigerian University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The academic, career and personal needs of students of Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma-Nigeria were surveyed. A total of 920 undergraduates participated in this study. The results of the study revealed that irrespective of students' residential status, gender, age and relationship status, the students ranked time-management as the most pressing…

Aluede, Oyaziwo; Imhonde, Henry; Eguavoen, Agatha

2006-01-01

320

Host Students' Perspectives of Intercultural Contact in an Irish University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the increasing numbers of international students in Ireland and the lack of attention afforded to host culture students in existing research on intercultural relations in higher education, a grounded theory study was conducted in an Irish university exploring host (Irish) students' perspectives on intercultural contact. The study focused on…

Dunne, Ciaran

2009-01-01

321

Teaching Efficacy of Universiti Putra Malaysia Science Student Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of the study was to access teaching efficacy of Universiti Putra Malaysia Science student teachers. The specific objectives were to determine teaching efficacy of Science student teachers in terms of student engagement; instructional strategies; classroom management and teaching with computers in classroom; their satisfaction with…

Bakar, Abd. Rahim; Konting, Mohd. Majid; Jamian, Rashid; Lyndon, Novel

2008-01-01

322

Psychological Loneliness among Arab Students at Irbid National University, Jordan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to investigate the level of psychological loneliness among Arab students studying at Irbid National University, and to investigate the effect of year of study and gender of students on the level of psychological loneliness. The sample of the study consisted of 149 students, 133 males and 16 females from first, second,…

Al-Kadoumi, Khawla; Sawalha, Abdel Muhdi; Al Momani, Mohammad

2012-01-01

323

Strategies for the Introduction of Neuroscience for Underrepresented University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez (UPRM) serves approximately 12,800 students. Of these students, nearly 100% qualify as underrepresented minorities by U.S. federal standards. In line with a nationally recognized need to increase students from ethnic minority groups to pursue careers in science, technology, engineering, and math, the UPRM…

Clinton, Amanda; Carrero-Martinez, Franklin; Velez-Perez, Amarylis

2011-01-01

324

Assessing University Students: Searching for an English Language Exit Test  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to motivate university students to improve their English proficiency, the Hong Kong government decided to adopt a common exit English language test for all graduating students. In the process of selecting a suitable measure for this purpose, an empirical study with a sample of over 240 students was conducted to compare two English…

Qian, David D.

2007-01-01

325

Erasmus Language Students in a British University: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students' assessment of their academic experience is actively sought by higher education institutions, as evidenced in the UK's National Student Survey, introduced in 2005. Erasmus students, despite their growing numbers, tend to be excluded from these satisfaction surveys, even though they, too, are primary customers of a university. This study…

Bogain, Ariane

2012-01-01

326

Why Some Students Do Not Use University Counseling Facilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A four part instrument for empirically answering how stigma, seriousness of problem, student attitudes, counseling experience, and information affect student usage of the university counseling facilities is discussed. The four parts, completed by 181 students, include: (1) biographical data; (2) five sub-scales derived through item analysis with…

Snyder, John F.; And Others

327

Matching Student Characteristics and Institutional Characteristics for Student Success in Four-Year Colleges and Universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students invest resources and time to find the college or university that meets their needs and expectations. Likewise, institutions carefully plan how best to spend their funds and time to recruit an incoming class that meets or exceeds the college or university’s admissions requirements and that will graduate. Despite students’ extensive planning for college and institutions’ detailed admissions recruiting and

Kristina Marie Cragg

2007-01-01

328

Stressors faced by university students and their coping strategies: A case study of midlands state university students in Zimbabwe  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study examined coping strategies used by students at a medium size developing country university. Participants constituted two hundred and eighty one Social Sciences students at the Midlands State University in Zimbabwe [49% female, 51% male]. A questionnaire was used to collect data. The results showed that the seven most common clusters of stressors were Finance, Library resources and study

Joseph M. Kasayira; Kudzai S. Chipandambira; Chipo Hungwe

2007-01-01

329

25 CFR 36.100 - Are there minimum requirements for student attendance checks?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...checked at least once every hour; (e) If a student is unaccounted for, the homeliving program must follow its established search procedures; and (f) When homeliving staff is aware of a student who is going to be absent from school, the homeliving...

2011-04-01

330

Youth Risk Behavior Survey of Middle School Students Attending Bureau Funded Schools, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents findings from a spring 1997 survey of all middle-school students (grades 6-8) enrolled in schools funded by the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA). The Centers for Disease Control Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) was completed by 6,990 students in 115 of the 122 BIA-funded middle schools; the overall response rate was 74 percent.…

Shaughnessy, Lana; Everett, Sherry; Ranslow, Steve

331

Bullying in German Adolescents: Attending Special School for Students with Visual Impairment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study analysed bullying in German adolescents with and without visual impairment. Ninety-eight adolescents with vision loss from schools for students with visual impairment, of whom 31 were blind and 67 had low vision, were compared with 98 sighted peers using a matched-pair design. Students with low vision reported higher levels of…

Pinquart, Martin; Pfeiffer, Jens P.

2011-01-01

332

Minority Post?secondary Education Attendance, High School Desegregation, and Student Characteristics  

Microsoft Academic Search

With a critical review of the literature on long?term effects of school desegregation in the USA, the authors hypothesized that desegregation would not uniformly affect post?secondary outcomes among minority students. As an institutional condition, however, desegregation could change the outcomes’ relations with student background and experience. Instead of asking whether desegregation had an impact net of individual background effects, the

GARY G. HUANG; STANLEY S. WENG

1998-01-01

333

Students' Behaviour in Decision Making Process to Attend Distance Learning Programs at Universitas Terbuka, Indonesia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the research was to analyse students' behaviour in choosing a distance learning program at Universitas Terbuka (UT), Indonesia, using the theory of planned behaviour model developed by Fishbein and Ajzen (1975). The respondents of the research were 102 students from 3 Regional Offices of Jakarta, Malang and Kupang, representing…

Maria, Maya; Zuhairi, Aminudin; Riana, Kurnia Endah; Ginting, Ginta

2011-01-01

334

The relationship between attending science and math academies and students' college course taking patterns  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various studies address the question of why students fail to choose careers in the STEM fields of science, mathematics, engineering and technology. Inadequate preparation in these areas in secondary school has been shown to be one contributing factor. There is a lack of research on the possible role that alternative schools focusing on science and math play in preparing students

Barbara Jean Shannon

2006-01-01

335

Bacterial profile and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern in septicemia suspected patients attending Gondar University Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia  

PubMed Central

Background Bacterial blood stream infection constitutes a significant public health problem and it is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of bacterial isolates from septicemia suspected patients and their antimicrobial susceptibility pattern in Gondar University Hospital. Methods This laboratory based retrospective study of 390 blood culture and susceptibility tests was conducted in Bacteriology Laboratory of the University of Gondar Teaching Hospital. The samples were collected and processed following standard microbiological techniques as part of the routine clinical management of the patient. Antibiotic susceptibility testing was done on pure culture isolates employing disc-diffusion method for the commonly used antibiotics. The data were analyzed by using SPSS version 16 and the results were summarized by using tables and graphs. Results Out of 390 blood culture results, 71 (18.2%) were culture positive. The predominant bacteria isolated from blood culture were Coagulase negative staphylococci 30 (42.3%), followed by S. aureus 17 (23.9%) and Klebiesella spp 9 (12.9%), E. coli 5 (7.0%), Pseudomonas aeroginosa 4 (5.6%) and Salmonella spp. 3 (4.2%). The gram positive and gram negative bacteria constituted 49 (69%) and 22 (31%) of the culture isolates; respectively. The isolates showed high rates of resistance to most antibiotics tested. The range of resistance for Gram positive and Gram negative were from 23.5% – 58.8%, and 20%– 100% respectively. Conclusions In the present study most of the pathogens isolated from blood culture showed high rate of resistance to most commonly used antibiotics used to treat bacterial infections. Therefore, rational use of antibiotics should be practiced.

2013-01-01

336

2009-2010 Seasonal Influenza Vaccination Coverage Among College Students From 8 Universities in North Carolina  

PubMed Central

Objective We sought to describe the 2009–2010 seasonal influenza vaccine coverage of college students. Participants 4090 college students from eight North Carolina universities participated in a confidential, web-based survey in October-November 2009. Methods Associations between self-reported 2009–2010 seasonal influenza vaccination and demographic characteristics, campus activities, parental education, and email usage were assessed by bivariate analyses and by a mixed-effects model adjusting for clustering by university. Results Overall, 20% of students (range 14%–30% by university) reported receiving 2009–2010 seasonal influenza vaccine. Being a freshman, attending a private university, having a college-educated parent, and participating in academic clubs/honor societies predicted receipt of influenza vaccine in the mixed-effects model. Conclusions The self-reported 2009–2010 influenza vaccine coverage was one-quarter of the 2020 Healthy People goal (80%) for healthy persons 18–64 years of age. College campuses have the opportunity to enhance influenza vaccine coverage among its diverse student populations.

Poehling, Katherine A.; Blocker, Jill; Ip, Edward H.; Peters, Timothy R.; Wolfson, Mark

2012-01-01

337

Prospective Students' Perceptions of University Brands: An Empirical Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A model of the elements of a university brand was developed together with an instrument for measuring how favorably each of these elements was perceived by a sample of young people who were considering entering university. One hundred and ninety-eight students undertaking pre-university courses in two further education colleges in East London…

Bennett, Roger; Ali-Choudhury, Rehnuma

2009-01-01

338

Supporting and Evaluating Transitional Learning for International University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2007, as part of its response to the continuing diversification of students, Central Queensland University introduced a for-credit undergraduate course, "The Principles of University Learning", focusing on "learning to learn" in the Australian university context. The aim was to support the transition of learners with diverse prior learning…

Owens, Alison

2011-01-01

339

University Students' Perception of Lecturer-Student Relationships: A Comparative Study of Public and Private Universities in Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a university setting, there is a great diversity in terms of socio-cultural, political, religious and racial backgrounds among students and lecturers. This diversity, with the presence of an appropriate lecturer-student relationship creates a campus environment that prepares students and lecturers to live and work amicably in a socio-culturally…

Chepchieng, Micah C.; Mbugua, Stephen N.; Kariuki, Mary W.

2006-01-01

340

Satisfaction of clients attending out-patient clinics at Ain Shams University Hospitals.  

PubMed

The current study was conducted to assess client quality at Ain Shams University Hospitals Out-Patient clinics. The clients included were 484 subjects selected systematically and represented different clinics. Included clients were subjected to an interviewing questionnaire after completing contact with the service. The study showed that, 7% faced difficulties in getting tickets, 46.7% waited for long time. Also, 86.8% stated that the seats were adequate in number, 82.0% were satisfied with ventilation, 68.2% reported that W.C. and lavatories were clean and convenient, and that examination couches were satisfactory by 57.6%. The doctors were patient and listened to clients' complaint in 99%, and 98.6% of clients stated that doctors were kind and friendly. Physical safety was considered in 96.7% of cases and confidentiality in 68.4%. It was found that 98.2% of clients trust doctors. Investigations were required for 23.6% of clients, and 45.8% reported that the prescribed drugs were not available in the Out-Patient pharmacy. The overall satisfaction of the clients was 95.9%. It was recommended to shorten the contact time, improve physical environment and promote lab. facilities and drug supplies. PMID:17219870

El-Awady, M Y

1999-01-01

341

Understanding the Context of the "Other" Education: Black and White Students Talk about Their Experiences at Lone Star University, a Predominantly White Institution of Higher Education in the South.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined students perceptions of campus racial climate and the effects it has on their growth and development while attending a predominantly white research university (Research 1 classification) where black students are less than 3% of the student body. The study sought to illuminate the perceptions of campus climate and development as…

Hughes, Robin L.

342

International Mobility of Australian University Students: 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Australia as a destination for international students is well researched. However, less is known about the numbers of Australian students who undertake international study experiences during their courses, the characteristics of those students, their types of experiences, their fields of education, and their destinations. This study finds that…

Olsen, Alan

2008-01-01

343

Disciplinary Sanctioning of Impulsive University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers a rationale for the use of sanctions as a therapeutic strategy for impulsive college students. Describes problems encountered when implementing them. Notes that sanctions that help students control their impulses are actively therapeutic, not reactively punitive. Concludes, when sanctions remain firm, students can begin to realize that they…

Frederickson, Jon

1992-01-01

344

Do Policies that Encourage Better Attendance in Lab Change Students' Academic Behaviors and Performances in Introductory Science Courses?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science courses with hands-on investigative labs are a typical part of the general education requirements at virtually all colleges and universities. In these courses, labs that satisfy a curricular requirement for "lab experience" are important because they provide the essence of the scientific experience--that is, they give students hands-on…

Moore, Randy; Jensen, Philip A.

2008-01-01

345

Student Satisfaction as a Measure of Student Development: Towards a Universal Metric.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Study used a random sample of 199 students from the national sample of 4,408 students from different types of colleges and universities stratified by institutional race, type, control, and selectivity. Student responses on the College Student Survey were analyzed to show the construction of a fundamental measure as the first step toward creating a…

Beltyukova, Svetlana A.; Fox, Christine M.

2002-01-01

346

Gender differences in first-year dental students' motivation to attend dental school.  

PubMed

Women's role in the field of dentistry has historically been limited to the dental auxiliary fields, rather than that of D.D.S. or D.M.D. Today, women are nearly 38 percent of U.S. dental school students and 14 percent of active practitioners. The slow(er) influx of women into dentistry has been little studied by dental educators. During the 2000-01 academic year, we conducted a survey of first-year dental students at a sample of publicly funded U.S. dental schools. The purpose of the survey was to assess gender differences in motives for pursuing a dental career. The data show that male dental students rate self-employment and business-related motives as more important, while female dental students rate people-oriented motives more highly. Factor analysis revealed four distinct clusters of motives for pursuing a dental career: a financial motive, a business-oriented motive, a people-oriented or caring motive, and a flexibility motive. Women scored significantly higher than men on the caring factor, whereas the reverse was true on the business factor. Male and female students rated financial and flexibility motives equally. The implications of the results for attracting students to the profession of dentistry are discussed. PMID:12214843

Scarbecz, Mark; Ross, Judith A

2002-08-01

347

Cigarettes and self-rated health among online university students.  

PubMed

An increasing number of university students are earning their degrees online. Thus far, the determinants of health among online university students have not been studied. The purpose of this cross-sectional internet survey was to test the association between behavioral risk factors and self-rated health in a diverse sample of online university students. Cigarette smoking was associated with lower odds of good self-rated health (OR = 0.27, P < 0.01). Compared to having zero days of mental distress, 14 or more days of mental distress was associated with lower odds of good self-rated health (OR = 0.08, P < 0.05). White students had lower odds of reporting good self-rated health compared to African-American students (OR = 0.35, P < 0.05). Health education, screening and health promotion programs should be developed for online students. PMID:22207447

Rohrer, James E; Cole, Lakeisha J; Schulze, Frederick W

2012-06-01

348

From Grade School to University: The Variable Use of "on/nous" by University FSL Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines factors correlated with the use of "nous" and "on" by university students formerly enrolled in French immersion programs. Their variant frequency and stylistic appropriateness are compared to those of (1) former core French university students; (2) French as a second language (FSL) speakers in a francophone environment; and (3)…

Mougeon, Francoise; Rehner, Katherine

2009-01-01

349

Unseen disadvantage: how American universities' focus on independence undermines the academic performance of first-generation college students.  

PubMed

American universities increasingly admit first-generation college students whose parents do not have 4-year degrees. Once admitted, these students tend to struggle academically, compared with continuing-generation students--students who have at least 1 parent with a 4-year degree. We propose a cultural mismatch theory that identifies 1 important source of this social class achievement gap. Four studies test the hypothesis that first-generation students underperform because interdependent norms from their mostly working-class backgrounds constitute a mismatch with middle-class independent norms prevalent in universities. First, assessing university cultural norms, surveys of university administrators revealed that American universities focus primarily on norms of independence. Second, identifying the hypothesized cultural mismatch, a longitudinal survey revealed that universities' focus on independence does not match first-generation students' relatively interdependent motives for attending college and that this cultural mismatch is associated with lower grades. Finally, 2 experiments at both private and public universities created a match or mismatch for first-generation students and examined the performance consequences. Together these studies revealed that representing the university culture in terms of independence (i.e., paving one's own paths) rendered academic tasks difficult and, thereby, undermined first-generation students' performance. Conversely, representing the university culture in terms of interdependence (i.e., being part of a community) reduced this sense of difficulty and eliminated the performance gap without adverse consequences for continuing-generation students. These studies address the urgent need to recognize cultural obstacles that contribute to the social class achievement gap and to develop interventions to address them. PMID:22390227

Stephens, Nicole M; Fryberg, Stephanie A; Markus, Hazel Rose; Johnson, Camille S; Covarrubias, Rebecca

2012-06-01

350

Cervical cancer knowledge and screening behaviors among female university graduates of year 2012 attending national graduate orientation program, Bhutan  

PubMed Central

Background Cervical cancer is the leading female cancer in Bhutan. This study describes the level of cervical cancer knowledge and screening behaviors among female university graduates attending the National Graduate Orientation Program (NGOP), 2012. Methods A cross-sectional study of female graduates attending NGOP was conducted using self-administered anonymous questionnaire developed through literature reviews and expert discussions to elicit information on demographic characteristics, knowledge, screening behaviors and determinants of cervical cancer. The association of demographic and other important study characteristics with uptake of Pap test was investigated using cross tabulation and Fischer Exact test. Frequencies and percentages were calculated for all the questions. Results The average age of the participants was 23.43?±?SD 2.73. About 92% (n?=?513) of the respondents were aged 25 years or less and 7.9% (n?=?44) of the respondents were aged 26 or more. The study revealed low cervical cancer knowledge and poor screening behavior among the graduates. The mean knowledge score was 3.571 (SD1.75, Range 0–8). About 6% (n=34) of the respondents reported undergoing Pap test at least once and 94% reported as never having done Pap test. The most commonly cited reasons for not doing Pap test included “never thought I needed one” (57%, n?=?320), “embarrassment of being examined by male health professional” and “fear of finding out cancer”. The study revealed evidence of significant association between increasing age, those who are married, knowledge score and those recommended for screening by health professionals with the uptake of Pap test. Conclusion Our study revealed poor knowledge and screening behaviors among female university graduates in Bhutan. This may be suggestive of even poorer awareness and screening practices among young unmarried women who are less educated or with no education. Although our study group is not appropriate for measuring practice of cervical cancer screening in the country, the findings are expected to highlight the shortcomings and trigger development of comprehensive cervical cancer control programs in Bhutan.

2014-01-01

351

University Education and Employment in Japan: Students' Perceptions on Employment Attributes and Implications for University Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The present research aims to explore students' perceptions of the needs of employers in terms of the personal qualities of higher education graduates. Design/methodology/approach: Questionnaires were delivered to students at four universities in the Chugoku area of Japan. The students were asked to indicate how important they thought each…

Nguyen, Nguyen Danh; Yoshinari, Yanagawa; Shigeji, Miyazaki

2005-01-01

352

Educational Value: How Students Choose University: Evidence from an Italian University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to measure students' perceptions of value that are influenced by differences in costs (monetary and non-monetary), students' attitudes and socio-demographic features. It seeks to investigate the components of the university value that affects students' choice. Design/methodology/approach: A questionnaire was developed in…

Petruzzellis, Luca; Romanazzi, Salvatore

2010-01-01

353

From University Democratisation to Managerialism: The Changing Legitimation of University Governance and the Place of Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the implications of the rise of managerialism for student participation in university governance. It explores this theoretically by proposing a matrix of ideal-type regimes of student governance based on the work of Hyden, Olsen and others. The working of this typology is illustrated in a case study of the student political…

Luescher-Mamashela, Thierry M.

2010-01-01

354

The Characteristics of Schools and Classrooms Attended by Successful Minority Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from the Prospects study ("Prospects: The Congressionally Mandated Study of Educational Growth and Opportunity"), the individual characteristics that distinguish academically successful, or resilient, elementary school students of minority and low-socioecononmic status (SES) backgrounds from their less successful, nonresilient…

Borman, Geoffrey D.; Rachuba, Laura T.

355

Youth Risk Behavior Survey of Middle School Students Attending Bureau Funded Schools, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This youth risk behavior survey was completed by 7,667 students at 127 Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) middle schools. The document is organized around the six categories of behavior that contribute substantially to the leading causes of death, illness, and social problems in the United States: unintentional and intentional injuries; tobacco use;…

Everett, Sherry; Sussman, Michele; Ranslow, Steve; Shaughnessy, Lana

356

Impact of Attending Jump Start Literacy Camp on Reading Achievement among Third and Fourth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Jump Start Literacy Camp was developed as a means to combat summer learning loss. The camp utilized high-energy activities to target phonemic awareness, phonics, vocabulary, fluency, and comprehension. This study examined the effects of the Jump Start Literacy Camp on reading achievement for rising third and fourth grade students in an urban…

Padgett, Carrie B.

2010-01-01

357

Factors that Influence Agricultural Career Objectives among Students Attending Historically Black Four-Year Institutions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a study of (1) factors influencing students in agriculture at historically Black four-year institutions to enroll in high school vocational agriculture, (2) who influenced them to pursue their career, and (3) who provided guidance services prior to their college enrollment. (JOW)

Findlay, Henry J.; Rawls, Willie J.

1984-01-01

358

Multi-Informant Predictors of Social Inclusion for Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders Attending Mainstream School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined differential profiles of behavioural characteristics predictive of successful inclusion in mainstream education for children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and comparison students. Multiple regression analyses using behavioural ratings from parents, teachers and peers found some evidence for differential profiles…

Jones, Alice P.; Frederickson, Norah

2010-01-01

359

Who Attends Charter Schools and How Are Those Students Doing? Exploratory Analysis of NAEP Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines what the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) can tell us about charter school enrollment and student performance compared to that of regular public schools. The study uses NAEP reading and mathematics data from 2011 and the earlier years when charter school data first became available (2003 for grade 4; 2005 for…

Chudowsky, Naomi; Ginsburg, Alan

2012-01-01

360

Bachelor's Degree Students Attending Community Colleges: A Look at Postbaccalaureate Reverse Transfers in Missouri.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines postbaccalaureate reverse transfer students (PRTSs) in Missouri to determine the nature and extent of mobility among recent public four-year college graduates who subsequently enrolled in community-college courses and programs. Presents state enrollment data and surveys chief academic officers of Missouri community colleges about their…

Barnes, Terry L.; Robinson, Laura M.

1999-01-01

361

Estimating the Effects of Students' Social Networks: Does Attending a Norm-Enforcing School Pay Off?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an attempt to forge tighter social relations, small school reformers advocate school designs intended to create smaller, more trusting, and more collaborative settings. These efforts to enhance students' social capital in the form of social closure are ultimately tied to improving academic outcomes. Using data derived from ELS: 2002, this study…

Carolan, Brian V.

2010-01-01

362

Student Evaluations and the University Professor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A discussion of student ratings of faculty looks at problems in measurement and interpretation, including such factors as the ability of raters to evaluate complex behaviors, the salience of personal characteristics in judging task performance, and emphasis on the students as consumer. (Author/MSE)

Cruse, Daniel B.

1987-01-01

363

University Student's Goal Profiles and Metacomprehension Accuracy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, undergraduate students provided confidence ratings to predict future performance in answering questions drawn from the text before reading the text, after reading the text and after rereading the text. Self-reports of achievement goal orientations during reading and posttest scores were also collected. Student's calibration index…

Zhou, Mingming

2013-01-01

364

Phonetics Curriculum Development and Implementation for the Deaf University Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author addresses phonetics curriculum development and implementation concerns in conjunction with educational instruction of deaf university students. Five areas of curriculum design and implementation necessary for learning phonetics are discussed including programed workbook materials and technological instrumentation. (SW)

Gould, Darlene Geer

1982-01-01

365

Responses of Chinese University Students to the Thematic Apperception Test  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Murray's original Thematic Apperception Test (TAT), Cards I to XX, was administered in two sessions to 80 Chinese male and female undergraduate students at the National Taiwan Normal University. The results are compared with American averages. (Author/JH)

Han, Elizabeth Yeo-hsien

1974-01-01

366

Impacting university physics students through participation in informal science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Informal education programs organized by university physics departments are a popular means of reaching out to communities and satisfying grant requirements. The outcomes of these programs are often described in terms of broader impacts on the community. Comparatively little attention, however, has been paid to the influence of such programs on those students facilitating the informal science programs. Through Partnerships for Informal Science Education in the Community (PISEC) at the University of Colorado Boulder, undergraduate and graduate physics students coach elementary and middle school children during an inquiry-based science afterschool program. As part of their participation in PISEC, university students complete preparation in pedagogy, communication and diversity, engage with children on a weekly basis and provide regular feedback about the program. We present findings that indicate these experiences improve the ability of university students to communicate in everyday language and positively influence their perspectives on teaching and learning.

Hinko, Kathleen; Finkelstein, Noah D.

2013-01-01

367

Proportion of dementia and its associated factors among elderly patients attending outpatient clinics of Universiti Sains Malaysia Hospital.  

PubMed

The increase in life expectancy observed over the last decade has particular relevance for conditions such as cognitive decline and dementia. This is a cross sectional study to determine the rate of dementia and to identify its associated factors among 399 elderly patients attending outpatient clinics of Universiti Sains Malaysia Hospital. This study was conducted in 2 phases. In the first phase, the literate subjects were screened using validated Malay version of Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) and the illiterate subjects with Malay version of Elderly Cognitive Assessment Questionnaire (ECAQ). All subjects suspected to have dementia were selected for further evaluation in phase 2 of this study. The second phase involved full clinical examination in order to establish clinical diagnosis of dementia. The proportion of dementia in this study was 2.5% (10). Although history of exposure to pesticide (p < 0.05) and history of stroke (p < 0.05) were significant, they were not significant factors. These were because vast discrepancy in number between those exposed to pesticide and having stroke between dementia and non dementia. PMID:20058574

Norlaily, H; Azidah, A K; Asrenee, A R; Rohayah, H; Juwita, S

2009-06-01

368

Engagement of Students with Lectures in Biochemistry and Pharmacology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic staff at universities have become concerned about the decrease in student attendance at lectures and the implication of this on student achievement and learning. Few studies have measured actual lecture attendance in a coherent or comprehensive way. The aim of this study was to measure actual lecture attendance of students over two year…

Davis, Elizabeth Ann; Hodgson, Yvonne; Macaulay, Janet Olwyn

2012-01-01

369

Preferred Information Sources of High School Students for Community Colleges and Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To effectively communicate with potential students, it is important to utilize their preferred information sources. Survey data were gathered from 716 high school students who planned to attend college. There were communication source differences based on race and intent to attend two-year vs. four-year institutions. Important information sources…

Goff, Brent; Patino, Vanessa; Jackson, Gary

2004-01-01

370

The Importance of Hopelessness Among University Students Seeking Psychiatric Counseling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hopelessness is a clinically important state relative to morbidity and suicide risk among university students. We examined\\u000a its role in relation to presenting concerns, diagnosis, psychopharmacologic treatment and spiritual orientation among students\\u000a seeking treatment at a university counseling center. The most commonly identified concern was anxiety, followed by stress\\u000a and depression. Eighty-two percent were given a DSM IV diagnosis. Hopelessness

Caroline B. Williams; Marc Galanter; Helen Dermatis; Victor Schwartz

2008-01-01

371

Dieting practices and body image perception among Lebanese university students.  

PubMed

Dieting is becoming a popular phenomenon among university students to achieve or maintain a healthy weight. The purpose of this study is to obtain a preliminary understanding of what dieting practices university students use in order to achieve their desirable body weight and to determine the magnitude of body dissatisfaction in relation to weight status among a sample of students (n=252) from the Lebanese American University in Beirut, Lebanon. Students filled out a self-reported questionnaire that included questions on their dieting and physical activity practices in addition to the body shape questionnaire (BSQ). Weight and height were measured to calculate body mass index. Percentage body fat was measured using Tanita scale body fat analyzer 300A. The outcome of this study showed that smoking and unhealthy dieting practices were not common among students (only 26% reported smoking, 8% reported taking laxatives and 4% taking diet pills). Half of the students reported practicing regular physical activity. Multivitamin intake was also not popular among students. BSQ scores indicate that the majority of students were not worried about their body image perception (64% reported not being worried, 19% were slightly worried, 12% were moderately worried and 5% were extremely worried). A gender difference was observed in the BSQ scores, as 89% of the "extremely worried" students were females. Collectively, results indicate that unhealthy dieting practices are uncommon among students. However, developing health promotion awareness' programs to promote good self image within the concept of a realistic healthy weight will be beneficial, especially among females. PMID:21393106

Yahia, Najat; El-Ghazale, Hiba; Achkar, Alice; Rizk, Sandra

2011-01-01

372

Mumps outbreak among vaccinated university students associated with a large party, the Netherlands, 2010.  

PubMed

We investigated a mumps outbreak within a highly vaccinated university student population in the Netherlands by conducting a retrospective cohort study among members of university societies in Delft, Leiden and Utrecht. We used an online questionnaire asking for demographic information, potential behavioural risk factors for mumps and the occurrence of mumps. Vaccine status from the national vaccination register was used. Overall, 989 students participated (20% response rate). Registered vaccination status was available for 776 individuals, of whom 760 (98%) had been vaccinated at least once and 729 (94%) at least twice. The mumps attack rate (AR) was 13.2% (95%CI 11.1-15.5%). Attending a large student party, being unvaccinated and living with more than 15 housemates were independently associated with mumps ((RR 42 (95%CI 10.1-172.4); 3.1 (95%CI 1.7-5.6) and 1.8 (95%CI 1.1-3.1), respectively). The adjusted VE estimate for two doses of MMR was 68% (95%CI 41-82%). We did not identify additional risk factors for mumps among party attendees. The most likely cause of this outbreak was intense social mixing during the party and the dense communal living environment of the students. High coverage of MMR vaccination in childhood did not prevent an outbreak of mumps in this student population. PMID:22579874

Greenland, Katie; Whelan, Jane; Fanoy, Ewout; Borgert, Marjon; Hulshof, Koen; Yap, Kioe-Bing; Swaan, Corien; Donker, Tjibbe; van Binnendijk, Rob; de Melker, Hester; Hahné, Susan

2012-06-29

373

Youth Risk Behavior Survey of High School Students Attending Bureau Funded Schools, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1997, a second survey was conducted of all 9th through 12th graders enrolled in schools funded by the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA). As in 1994, the survey instrument used was the Youth Risk Behavior Survey, developed by the Centers for Disease Control. Surveys were completed by 5,606 students out of a total high school population of 7,780.…

Shaughnessy, Lana; Everett, Sherry; Ranslow, Steve

374

Substance use and dietary practices among students attending alternative high schools: results from a pilot study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Substance use and poor dietary practices are prevalent among adolescents. The purpose of this study was to examine frequency\\u000a of substance use and associations between cigarette, alcohol and marijuana use and selected dietary practices, such as sugar-sweetened\\u000a beverages, high-fat foods, fruits and vegetables, and frequency of fast food restaurant use among alternative high school\\u000a students. Associations between multi-substance use and

Chrisa Arcan; Martha Y Kubik; Jayne A Fulkerson; Peter J Hannan; Mary Story

2011-01-01

375

Psychosocial Influences on College Attendance Among First and Continuing-Generation College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

While strides have been made in increasing access to postsecondary educational institutions for first-generation college students (FGS), current trends (i.e. reductions in the availability of financial aid, lack of pre-collegiate preparation, disproportionate placement of FGS’s with poor quality teachers) indicate that this progress may be undermined without appropriate intervention.\\u000aThis study examined psychosocial variables (race\\/ethnicity, socio-economic status, family, high school,

Jamilah Quebec Logan

2007-01-01

376

Thedocracy: Christian Universities and Muslim Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Few cultural institutions so potently foster free thought and speech, appreciation for others unlike self, and community service as higher education. As such, universities catalyze democracy. One calls them the "Messiah" of that cause. Christian universities in particular, though not designed as political or religiously pluralist entities, assist…

Chenoweth, Gregg A.

2009-01-01

377

University Students' Difficulties in Solving Application Problems in Calculus: Student Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the results of an observational parallel study conducted simultaneously at 2 universities--one each in New Zealand and Germany. It deals with university engineering students' difficulties in the formulation step of solving a typical application problem from a first-year calculus course. Two groups of students (54 in New…

Klymchuk, Sergiy; Zverkova, Tatyana; Gruenwald, Norbert; Sauerbier, Gabriele

2010-01-01

378

Stress and Student Job Design: Satisfaction, Well-Being, and Performance in University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is imperative that the university environment be supportive and capable of nurturing optimal learning and performance in students. Using job design and work stress theories, the study assessed relationships between psychosocial work characteristics, well-being and satisfaction, and performance in a random sample survey of Australian university students (N = 176). Methodological improvements were a time lag between survey and

Sarah J. Cotton; Maureen F. Dollard; Jan de Jonge

2002-01-01

379

Student Evaluation to Improve the Student Learning Experience: An Australian University Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universities have been collecting student feedback on their experiences in teaching and learning for decades. Their voice is usually captured in surveys, and quantitative and qualitative data are used for quality improvement. Quantitative data are often used to monitor the student experience and used as a key performance measure in universities.…

Tucker, Beatrice M.

2013-01-01

380

Helping the International Student Understand the American University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To be successful in navigating the waters of American higher education, international students need to demonstrate proficiency in the English language and an understanding of the educational expectations of American academia. Unlike Americans who apply to a US university, international students must demonstrate that they understand enough English…

Chang, Mary

2011-01-01

381

Counselor Perceptions of Sexual Attitudes of Female University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study dealt with the perceptions of eight University of Maryland counselors of the sex-related problems of female Maryland students. Five of the eight counselors felt that some students have not had an adequate sex education or adequate information about contraception. The counselors rated decisions involving whether to engage in premarital…

Collins, Anne M.; Sedlacek, William E.

382

Readiness towards Entrepreneurship Education: Students and Malaysian Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to observe the readiness of students and the internal environment of Malaysian public universities in the implementation of entrepreneurship education. Design/methodology/approach: The authors employed a quantitative approach and the main instrument used to gauge the entrepreneurship readiness among students

Othman, Norasmah; Hashim, Norashidah; Wahid, Hariyaty Ab

2012-01-01

383

A Student's Guide to Evaluating Libraries in Colleges and Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A student's selection of a college or university should include an evaluation of the library and its services and resources. Identifying and evaluating a good library are important in determining the level of educational opportunities an institution will provide. This publication is designed to help students make a decision about which college or…

Association of Coll. and Research Libraries, Chicago, IL.

384

A comparison of Canadian and Chinese university students' travel motivations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although student travel is an important global phenomenon, few cross-cultural studies have examined this topic. Thus, this study examines Chinese (n?=?352) and Canadian (n?=?295) university students with respect to three questions: (1) are there similarities and differences in their travel motivations?; (2) are “escaping” motivations more important than “seeking” motivations? and (3) to what extent do gender and culture affect

Xiye Wang; Gordon J. Walker

2010-01-01

385

Withdrawing/Nonreturning Students at the University of North Dakota.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reasons accounting for attrition of University of North Dakota (UND) students were investigated. UND students who were enrolled during fall 1976-1977 through fall 1979-1980 as new freshmen and who terminated their studies without earning a degree between spring 1978-1979 to fall 1979-1980 were surveyed. The 237 respondents represented a response…

Nelson, Robert B.; Urff, Donna M.

386

Web-Based Administrative Supports for University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluates development and effectiveness of a Web-based administration support for business students at Liverpool John Moores University. Considers whether the strategic planning and individual school developments have influenced the development and usefulness of the campus-wide information system. Discusses action research findings on student

McClelland, Robert J.

2001-01-01

387

Improving psychological critical thinking in Australian university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study tested the psychological critical thinking attributes of students undertaking an Australian Psychology Accreditation Council (APAC) approved course. It also assessed an instructional based teaching practice designed to improve psychological critical thinking skills. The participants were 84 second year and 60 fourth year psychology students enrolled at the University of Western Sydney, Australia. Participants were tested at the beginning

John Haw

2011-01-01

388

Wellness 101: Health Education for the University Student  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to describe two phases of a mixed-method study: in phase I, the wellness practices of students at a Canadian university are reported. These data informed the re-development of a first-year health education course. Subsequent to its revision, phase II of the study assessed the impact of the course on students' wellness…

Higgins, S. Joan Wharf; Lauzon, Lara L.; Yew, Ann C.; Bratseth, Christopher D.; McLeod, Nicole

2010-01-01

389

Partially Specified Physics Problems: University Students' Attitudes and Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this research we asked the fourth year students (N = 50) of a technical faculty of the University of Split (Republic of Croatia) to solve a partially specified physics problem related to gravitational force. The task for the students was to decide whether the situation described in the problem is feasible or not. Nevertheless, the formulation…

Marusic, M.; Erceg, N.; Slisko, J.

2011-01-01

390

Perceptions Concerning College Student Suicide: Data from Four Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issue of suicide, including prevention, intervention, and postvention, continues to be a problem on college campuses. For this study, data concerning a variety of issues related to college student suicide were collected from 1,865 students at four different universities. Incidence, risk factors, and potential solutions are described, as well…

Westefeld, John S.; Homaifar, Beeta; Spotts, Jennifer; Furr, Susan; Range, Lilian; Werth, James L., Jr.

2005-01-01

391

The Mental Health of University Students in the United Kingdom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are increasing concerns globally about the mental health of students. In the UK, the actual incidence of mental disturbance is unknown, although university counselling services report increased referrals. This study assesses the levels of mental illness in undergraduate students to examine whether widening participation in education has…

Macaskill, Ann

2013-01-01

392

Predictors of Academic Success for University Students in Special Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine intellectual (standardized tests and high school grades) and nonintellectual (attitudes, personality, and the like) predictors of success for students in special programs for culturally different students. Ninety-five freshmen enrolled in a special program at the University of Maryland, 90 of whom were…

Sedlacek, William E.; Brooks, Glenwood C., Jr.

393

University Students' Beliefs about Learning English and French in Lebanon  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the beliefs about language learning of Lebanese English as a Foreign Language university students, compared their beliefs about learning different target languages, namely, English and French, and investigated within-group variation in these students' beliefs. A modified version of Horwitz's "Beliefs about Language Learning…

Diab, Rula L.

2006-01-01

394

Hungarian University Students' Misunderstandings in Thermodynamics and Chemical Kinetics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The misunderstandings related to thermodynamics (including chemical equilibrium) and chemical kinetics of first and second year Hungarian students of chemistry, environmental science, biology and pharmacy were investigated. We demonstrated that Hungarian university students have similar misunderstandings in physical chemistry to those reported in…

Turanyi, Tamas; Toth, Zoltan

2013-01-01

395

Student Engagement: Stakeholder Perspectives on Course Representation in University Governance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student engagement has become a key feature of UK higher education policy and analysis. At the core of this is a notion of engagement characterised by dialogue and joint venture. The article explores this by considering the role of student representation in university governance. It focuses on the system of course representation that is a feature…

Carey, Philip

2013-01-01

396

Turning to Turnitin to Fight Plagiarism among University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on a pilot project of the Turnitin plagiarism detection software, which was implemented to determine the impact of the software on the level of plagiarism among University of Botswana (UB) students. Students' assignments were first submitted to the software without their knowledge so as to gauge their level of plagiarism. The…

Batane, Tshepo

2010-01-01

397

Attitude Changes of Undergraduate University Students in General Education Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessing learning outcomes in general education is increasingly important to accrediting bodies. A fertile area of assessment is measuring changes in student attitudes/values in response to general education. University of Maine faculty experimented with such an attitude assessment. In this study, the authors assessed changes in students'…

Anderson, Mark W.; Teisl, Mario F.; Criner, George K.; Tisher, Sharon; Smith, Stewart; Hunter, Malcolm L.; Norton, Stephen A.; Jellison, Jody; Alyokhin, Andrei; Gallandt, Eric; Haggard, Sandra; Bicknell, Elizabeth

2007-01-01

398

First-Generation College Students at the University of Kentucky  

Microsoft Academic Search

First-generation college students (FGCS) have been shown to graduate at lower rates than their continuing-generation counterparts even after controlling for other variables. We will attempt to examine the characteristics of FGCS and determine initiatives the University of Kentucky might enact in order to increase the graduation rates for this segment of the student population. In doing so we will discuss

Michael Peabody; Neal H. Hutchens; Wayne D Lewis; Matthew Deffendall

2011-01-01

399

Student Drug Use and Driving: A University Sample.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 857 students at a large midwestern university provided information regarding the frequency and type of drugs used by students at any time and shortly before driving. The drugs most frequently used at least once in the prior year were alcohol, marijauna, caffeine, and nicotine. Significant association was found between alcohol use…

Valois, Robert F.

400

Student Training in Transversal Competences at the University of Cordoba  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a research project developed at the University of Cordoba during the academic year 2007-8, in which 2414 students took part, all studying courses included in a pilot scheme for the implementation of European Credit Transfer System credits. The aim was to ascertain the opinions of students in relation to their grasp and…

Serrano, Rosario Merida; Romero, Julia Angulo; Bello, Manuel Jurado; Perez, Jose Diz

2011-01-01

401

Relationships of Leadership and Student Effort to University Program Quality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Links between program quality and the quality of students' experience (or student effort) and the quality of academic leadership were explored through an examination of 10 master's programs in 81 departments at a set of regional universities. Rasmussen's leadership instrument was completed by 90 faculty members, and a modified version of the Pace…

Young, Denise L.; And Others

402

Evaluation of International Students' Perceptions of Eastern Kentucky University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examined the perceptions of international students concerning their academic, social, and cultural experiences at Eastern Kentucky University (EKU) and suggestions for improvement. Researchers prepared a questionnaire consisting of 24 items seeking information related to students' demographics and their perceptions about quality of…

Sultana, Qaisar; Smith, Ron

2011-01-01

403

Mass Media Campaign Impacts Influenza Vaccine Obtainment of University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To describe the effectiveness of a mass media campaign in increasing the rate of college student influenza vaccine obtainment. Participants/Methods: Students ("N" = 721) at a large southern university completed a survey between September 2011 and January 2012 assessing what flu clinic media sources were visualized and if they…

Shropshire, Ali M.; Brent-Hotchkiss, Renee; Andrews, Urkovia K.

2013-01-01

404

Problem Posing Based on Investigation Activities by University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports a classroom-based study involving investigation activities in a university numerical analysis course. The study aims to analyse students' mathematical processes and to understand how these activities provide opportunities for problem posing. The investigations were intended to stimulate students in asking questions, to trigger…

da Ponte, Joao Pedro; Henriques, Ana

2013-01-01

405

Evaluation of a Mobile Learning Organiser for University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a 10-month trial of a mobile learning organiser, developed for use by university students. Implemented on a wireless-enabled Pocket PC hand-held computer, the organiser makes use of existing mobile applications as well as tools designed specifically for students to manage their learning. The trial set out to identify the…

Corlett, Dan; Sharples, Mike; Bull, Susan; Chan, Tony

2005-01-01

406

Dynamics of Email Communications among University Students throughout a Semester  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Email is considered as one of the most widely accepted computer-mediated communication tools among university students. Evidence from the present literature shows that students make a significant amount of their course-related communications (e.g. discuss a topic with peers) using this tool. This study explores the dynamics of an email…

Uddin, Shahadat; Jacobson, Michael J.

2013-01-01

407

University Students' Views of a Public Service Graduation Requirement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As New Orleans began to rebuild after Hurricane Katrina, Tulane University also began its recovery process. A new initiative in the recovery was the establishment of a public service graduation requirement for undergraduate students. Attitudes toward the requirement were assessed for 290 first-year and 257 advanced students in fall 2006. The…

Moely, Barbara E.; Ilustre, Vincent

2011-01-01

408

University student approaches to learning science through writing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the approaches adopted by students to a university writing programme designed to help them learn first?year undergraduate science. The research design includes phenomenographic analyses of 19 interviews and 50 open?ended questionnaires, as well as quantitative analyses of the qualitative data. The main results of the study are the close association between the quality of the students’ approaches

Robert A. Ellis

2004-01-01

409

University student approaches to learning science through writing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the approaches adopted by students to a university writing programme designed to help them learn first-year undergraduate science. The research design includes phenomenographic analyses of 19 interviews and 50 open-ended questionnaires, as well as quantitative analyses of the qualitative data. The main results of the study are the close association between the quality of the students' approaches

Robert A. Ellis

2004-01-01

410

Learner-Environment Fit: University Students in a Computer Room.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to apply the theory of person-environment fit in assessing student well-being in a university computer room. Subjects were 12 students enrolled in a computer literacy course. Their learning behavior and well-being were evaluated on the basis of three symptoms of video display terminal stress usually found in the…

Yeaman, Andrew R. J.

411

The Video Comprehension Strategies of Chinese-Speaking University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports the strategies used by second language learners to comprehend computerized video material. In total, 211 students taking an English course in a public university in Taiwan joined the study, conducted over 1 academic year during which 63 students were involved in the pilot study in the first semester, and 148 joined the formal…

Lin, Lu-Fang

2011-01-01

412

The Impact of Quality Assessment in Universities: Portuguese Students' Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite being one of the major reasons for the development of quality assessment, students seem relatively unaware of its potential impact. Since one of the main purposes of assessment is to provide students with information on the quality of universities, this lack of awareness brings in to question the effectiveness of assessment as a device for…

Cardoso, Sonia; Santiago, Rui; Sarrico, Claudia S.

2012-01-01

413

Student Sexuality In a Perceptive University Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author discusses his book on sexuality. He also considers the problems confronting student personnel workers in terms of dealing with pre-marital sex on their campuses. Ways that changes in campus sexuality may occur are considered. (EJT)

Kirkendall, Lester A.

1976-01-01

414

Learning Incentives Preferred by University Students.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study involved an extension of the data base from an earlier incentive survey describing student preferences for incentives commonly available for use by instructors to promote good achievement in course work. Three hundred and eighty-five College of...

M. J. Bebeau H. J. Sullivan J. L. Eubanks

1977-01-01

415

University Students’ Definitions of Sexual Abstinence and Having Sex  

Microsoft Academic Search

We asked 298 heterosexual Canadian university students about their definitions of the terms abstinence and having sex. For both terms, students were provided with a list of 17 sexual behaviors and indicated whether they would include each in\\u000a their definition. The majority of both male and female students included activities that did not involve genital stimulation\\u000a in their definition of sexual

E. Sandra Byers; Joel Henderson; Kristina M. Hobson

2009-01-01

416

Learning Style Differentiation between Hispanic and Non-Hispanic College Students in Selected Institutions in the North Carolina Public University System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the Hispanic population increases in North Carolina the number of college graduates of Hispanic descent should follow. Although a gradual increase in Hispanic students attending state universities has been seen, the increase has not kept pace with the increases seen in the general population. Additionally, the numbers of those achieving the…

Tripp, Robert C.

2011-01-01

417

Factors associated with student plagiarism in a post?1992 university  

Microsoft Academic Search

A model intended to explain the incidence of plagiarism among undergraduates in the Business Studies department of a post?1992 university was constructed and tested on a sample of 249 students completing Business Studies units at a post?1992 university in Greater London. It was hypothesised that the occurrence of plagiarism could be predicted via three attitudinal considerations (individual perceptions of the

Roger Bennett

2005-01-01

418

The Social Experience of Physically Disabled Australian University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on the university experience of disabled students has focused on barriers in learning and teaching, while the social world of university has as yet gained little attention as a distinctive object of study. Here we examine social experience and socially imposed restrictions through the lenses of social capital and self-concept. A…

Papasotiriou, Maria; Windle, Joel

2012-01-01

419

How Important Is Study Mode in Student University Choice?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Conjoint analysis was used to model the importance of study mode in students' choice of university. Study mode was proposed as a key choice attribute as universities have diversified their means of delivering education and increased the use of online delivery. Results are reported for two conjoint experiments. The first investigated how…

Hagel, Pauline; Shaw, Robin N.

2010-01-01

420

Cyber Astronomy: A Cyber University Course for School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching university physics through the internet is not new, but a new course providing the same service for secondary school students is the first of its kind in Hong Kong. Taking advantage of the fast and affordable broadband internet in the region, some university courses have been converted to a cyber curriculum suitable for secondary school…

Chan, C. W.; Wong, K. Y. Michael

2003-01-01

421

Organizing the Faculty around the Students: Walden University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emerging from the 1960s and a focus on transformative learning, Walden University is a pioneering program for adult learners. The authors outline how Walden's doctoral program engaged mid-career professionals in student-designed inquiry and applied scholarship. They first discuss the founding of Walden University. Then they describe how the…

Peinovich, Paula E.; Hodgkinson, Harold L.

2011-01-01

422

Practices of Citizenship Rights among Minority Students at Chinese Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores how Chinese minority students participate and defend citizenship rights on a university campus against the backdrop of ongoing social changes. Three rights are focused on: freedom of religion, freedom of association, and freedom to use an ethnic language. The data were collected at three universities. Research methods involved…

Zhao, Zhenzhou

2010-01-01

423

Students' Experience of University Space: An Exploratory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The last decade has seen a wave of new building across British universities, so that it would appear that despite the virtualization discourses around higher education, space still matters in learning. Yet studies of student experience of the physical space of the university are rather lacking. This paper explores the response of one group of…

Cox, Andrew M.

2011-01-01

424

Homesickness in University Students: The Role of Multiple Place Attachment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transition to college or university can lead to the challenge of adapting to a new setting. Homesickness has been frequently investigated as a potential negative consequence of relocation. This study analyzed the role of multiple place attachment in the development of homesickness among university students. The study used a multicausal…

Scopelliti, Massimiliano; Tiberio, Lorenza

2010-01-01

425

Factors Related to the Underachievement of University Students in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study aims to elucidate the characteristics of gifted underachievers at the university level and the reasons for their underachievement. The sample consisted of students from Bogazici University in Istanbul. The "School Attitude Assessment Survey-Revised" ("SAAS-R") instrument was administered to 91 underachievers and a comparison group of 74…

Baslanti, Ugur; McCoach, D. Betsy

2006-01-01

426

Managing the Transition to University for Disabled Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine mechanisms for managing the transition from school/college/work to university for disabled students Design/methodology/approach: A research project using a case study methodology in a UK university department was conducted over a four year period. Findings: The paper finds that it is important that…

Taylor, Mark; Baskett, Mike; Wren, Chris

2010-01-01

427

The Contribution of University Accommodation to International Student Security  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we argue that living in university accommodation is a possible means of improving the security of international students. Our argument is supported by a qualitative case study of a single Hall of Residence on Monash University's Clayton campus. Data were collected primarily from interviews with three groups of participants--six…

Paltridge, Toby; Mayson, Susan; Schapper, Jan

2010-01-01

428

An Examination of ESL Taiwanese University Students' Multimodal Reading Responses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports an empirical study conducted in a Taiwanese English as a second language university class. Reader response theory is the theoretical framework guiding the study. Fifty-nine university students were encouraged to collaboratively create multimodal responses to a classic English reading. Taking an aesthetic reading stance, the…

Lee, Hsiao-Chien

2013-01-01

429

Approaches to Learning of TAFE and University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An Australian study of 80 technical-and-further-education (TAFE) and 89 university students and 381 other undergraduates (114 previously in TAFE) found that predicted differences in their approaches to learning were not confirmed. There was no evidence that the different missions of universities and TAFE institutes influenced different learning…

Fuller, Richard; Chalmers, Denise

1999-01-01

430

Teaching English as a Second Language to Mexican University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes one teacher's experiences teaching English to Mexican university students at the Instituto Technologico y de Estudios Superiores de Mexico (ITESM), which is considered Mexico's top private university. The author taught two levels of English as a Second Language: English 2 and advanced English. The entire ITESM system used the…

Frusher, Susan

431

An Environmental Education Initiative with University Business Students  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

One of the ways in which universities can contribute to environmental awareness is by establishing programs to ensure that all graduates are environmentally literate. This article describes a case in which a module for business students on environmental management at the University of Wales, Swansea was developed to include an element of environmental reviewing. The way in which this is introduced to students through a role playing exercise is described. A number of reviews have been carried out by student groups, and the article reports on the difficulties they have encountered as well as some lessons that can be learned from these exercises.

Probert, E.

432

International Student Complaint Behaviour: How Do East Asian Students Complain to Their University?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The growing acceptance that students can also be viewed as consumers of higher education (HE) has acted as a catalyst for universities to place greater emphasis on issues such as student satisfaction and retention. Indeed, the UK National Student Survey covered 152 institutions in 2009. However, far less attention has been paid to the concept of…

Hart, David J.; Coates, Nigel F.

2010-01-01

433

Development and Validation of the University Student Housing Application and Student Matching and Placement Methodology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every year, on-campus student housing at colleges and universities throughout the United States populates with over 2.6 million students, many of which are first-time freshmen. To students in housing, finding the right roommate can decrease the effects of homesickness, minimize roommate conflict, and help build long-lasting relationships. Research…

Dishno, Aaron Scott

2010-01-01

434

Students Left behind: The Limitations of University-Based Health Insurance for Students with Mental Illnesses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A growing trend in college and university health care is the requirement that students demonstrate proof of health insurance prior to enrollment. An increasing number of schools are contracting with insurance companies to provide students with school-based options for health insurance. Although this is advantageous to students in some ways, tying…

McIntosh, Belinda J.; Compton, Michael T.; Druss, Benjamin G.

2012-01-01

435

White Student Attitudes about African American Students in a University Setting. Research Report #9-90.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the results of a study that compared the attitudes of White university students toward African American students and discusses their perceptions about the classroom and campus environments. The study revealed that White students who had shared a dormitory room with a person of a different racial group and evaluated the…

Molla, Bekele; Westbrook, Franklin D.

436

Unwanted early sexual experiences among Belgian and South African university women students.  

PubMed

This study examined the unwanted early sexual experiences of 736 South African and 1,587 Belgian women students. The Early Sexual Experiences Checklist was administered to all consenting women students attending orientation programmes at a Belgian and a South African university. Respondents were Belgians (M age = 18.2 yr., SD = 1.0) and South Africans (M age = 19.6 yr., SD = 4.1). Such experiences were found for 31.3% (231) of South African respondents and 14.2% (226) of Belgian respondents. 64% of South African women indicated that such an experience occurred only once, and 65% of Belgian women reported this also. 34% of Belgian and 32% of South African respondents reported not being bothered at all by the unwanted experience at the time the event took place; 23% of Belgian and 36% of South African respondents were extremely bothered by the experience. PMID:18982943

Revell, Arlynn T; Vansteenwegen, A; Nicholas, L J

2008-08-01

437

Investigating Student Understanding of the Universe: Dark Matter  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Student pre-course surveys reveal that students who enter the classroom have little knowledge or understanding of the concept of dark matter (DM). At Chicago State University, we enthusiastically introduce this concept to students through interactive tutorials and hands-on inquiry-based laboratory activities. We have analyzed pre and post laboratory assessments and student interviews to determine the extent to which these tutorials have helped our students to gain a more robust understanding of the topic. The results of this work will be presented. This project is a part of our efforts at CSU to reform our introductory astronomy course. This project is part of a larger study; also see our posters on student ideas about the age and expansion of the universe, the structure of the universe, and perceptions of astronomical sizes and distances. This work was supported by NASA ROSES E/PO Grant #NNXlOAC89G, as well as by the Illinois Space Grant Consortium and National Science Foundation CCLI Grant #0632563 at Chicago State University and the Fermi E/PO program at Sonoma State University.

Nickerson, Melissa; Coble, K.; Cochran, G. L.; Hayes, V. L.; Camarillo, C. T.; Bailey, J. M.; McLin, K. M.; Cominsky, L. R.

2011-05-01

438

Revealing the Universe to Our Community: NMSU's Society of Astronomy Students' Dedication to Public Outreach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The New Mexico State University (NMSU) Society of Astronomy Students (SAS) is an undergraduate organization centered on students’ passions for learning and sharing knowledge about the field of astronomy. The SAS strives to become one of the most active clubs on the NMSU campus by their involvement in both astronomy and non-astronomy related public outreach and community service events. NMSU is located in Las Cruces, NM, where Clyde Tombaugh made great contributions both to the field of astronomy and to our local community. He was able to spark the community's interest in astronomy and science in general; this is an aspect of his career that the SAS strives to emulate. To do this, the SAS participates in community outreach events with the goal of stimulating curiosity and providing opportunities for the public to observe and understand exciting phenomenon occurring in our universe. With help from the NMSU Astronomy Department, the SAS is able to volunteer alongside the Astronomy Graduate Student Organization (AGSO) at events for people of all ages. Working jointly with the AGSO allows us to be mentored by the very students who were in our shoes not long ago; they educate us about the wonders of the universe, just as we wish to educate the community. This provides an enlightening and enriching environment for both club and community members. The NMSU Astronomy Department hosts events for the entire community, such as observing nights held at Tombaugh Observatory — which SAS members attend and help advertise — where community members learn about and view objects in the night sky through telescopes. SAS members assist with field trips where local middle and elementary school students attend presentations and participate in astronomy-related activities on the NMSU campus. These hands-on activities are presented in an understandable way, and are meant to increase appreciation for all of the exciting subjects our universe has to offer. Other outreach events include Star Parties, which are observing events held at local schools, as well as volunteering in classrooms. These various events allow the SAS to reach their goals by becoming involved with not only the community, but also the education of students.

Maldonado, Mercedes; Rees, S.; Medina, A.; Beasley, D.; Campos, A.; Chanover, N. J.; Uckert, K.; McKeever, J.

2014-01-01

439

The importance of hopelessness among university students seeking psychiatric counseling.  

PubMed

Hopelessness is a clinically important state relative to morbidity and suicide risk among university students. We examined its role in relation to presenting concerns, diagnosis, psychopharmacologic treatment and spiritual orientation among students seeking treatment at a university counseling center. The most commonly identified concern was anxiety, followed by stress and depression. Eighty-two percent were given a DSM IV diagnosis. Hopelessness was higher among students dually diagnosed with anxiety and depressive disorders and those who were started on psychiatric medication. Spirituality was inversely correlated with hopelessness and constitutes a personal characteristic warranting further investigation. The concerns bringing students to counseling, the rates of DSM IV diagnosis and the use of psychiatric medication suggest a preponderance of psychopathology over developmental or situational concerns that may be more prominent than has been noted in the counseling literature. In this regard, hopelessness appears to be an important feature even beyond its relationship to suicidality and merits attention and evaluation in student counseling. PMID:18807185

Williams, Caroline B; Galanter, Marc; Dermatis, Helen; Schwartz, Victor

2008-12-01

440

Differences between Black/African American and White College Students regarding Influences on High School Completion, College Attendance, and Career Choice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compared with White persons, Black/African American persons in the United States continue to experience high rates of educational deficits and employment stagnation as well as lower college graduation rates. This study examined the influences on Black/African American and White college students' high school completion, college attendance, and…

Daire, Andrew P.; LaMothe, Saron; Fuller, David P.

2007-01-01

441

Predicting the Academic Success of Black Students Attending the Historically Black Colleges. Part 2 of the Research Program on Problems Relating to the Desegregation of Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the predictive strength of standardized test scores and selected non-traditional indices of academic success in relation to the academic performance of black students attending historically black colleges. The sample consisted of 364 graduating seniors from eleven historically black colleges. American College Test composite…

Institute for Services to Education, Inc., Washington, DC.

442

University Students' Value Priorities and Emotional Empathy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a comparison of the Schwartz typology of values and the Spranger-Allport-Vernon typology. Investigates the differences among students in business, social science, and technology in emotional empathy and the relationships of value priorities and emotional empathy in different fields. Includes references. (CMK)

Myyry, Liisa; Helkama, Klaus

2001-01-01

443

University Students’ Understanding of Chemical Thermodynamics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored undergraduate students’ understanding of the chemistry topic of thermodynamics using a 4-tier diagnostic instrument, comprising 30 questions, and follow-up interviews. An additional objective of the study was to assess the utility of the 4-tier instrument for use in studies on alternative conceptions (ACs) as there has been no study done on it since its introduction in the

Bellam Sreenivasulu; R. Subramaniam

2012-01-01

444

Student Development in Tribal Colleges and Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tribal colleges play a powerful role in the personal development as well as the academic development of American Indian students. By providing access, exposure to native culture, personal support, preparation for further education, and a sense of empowerment, tribal colleges are influential in advancing self-awareness, interpersonal sensitivity,…

Guardia, Juan R.; Evans, Nancy

2008-01-01

445

Sentence Combining Activities for Japanese University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seven sentence combining activities designed to be stimulating and effective for college-level Japanese students of English as a Second Language are described. It is also demonstrated that a wide range of subjects can provide viable and engaging topics for the activities. The exercises include the following: (1) combining sentences provided into a…

Kresovich, Brant M.

1989-01-01

446

Mental distress among university students in Ethiopia: a cross sectional survey  

PubMed Central

Introduction Mental distress is becoming a common health problem among university students. There is limited information in this regard in Ethiopia. This study was aimed to determine the prevalence and associated factors of mental distress among students in Adama University. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in March2011. Four hundred and thirteen students were participated in the study. Simple random sampling technique was applied to select the study participants. Self-Reporting Questionnaire-20(SRQ-20) was used to assess the mental distress. Respondents who had a score of eleven and above on the SRQ-20 were considered as mentally distressed. Results The prevalence of mental distress was 21.6%. Family history of mental illness (AOR=2.30, 95%CI: 1.10 - 4.81), frequent conflicts with fellows (AOR=2.26, 95%CI: 1.10 - 4.85), Khat (Catha Edulis) chewing (AOR=2.23, 95% CI: 1.14 - 4.35) and not attending religious program regularly were factors associated with mental distress. Being in second year of their education less likely associated (AOR=0.41, 95%CI: 0.18 - 0.91) with mental distress. Conclusion About one fifth of the students were found to be mentally distressed. Designing prevention sand treatments programs addressing the identified factors is important.

Dessie, Yadeta; Ebrahim, Jemal; Awoke, Tadesse

2013-01-01

447

Instructor's transformational leadership: university student attitudes and ratings.  

PubMed

We extend leadership research by examining the effect of an instructor's transformational leadership on university students. 120 undergraduate students provided ratings for their instructors on Charisma, Intellectual Stimulation, and Individual Consideration as well as the Instructors' Performance and the Students' Involvement in class. Multiple regression analyses indicated that Intellectual Stimulation and Charisma together accounted for 66.3% of the variance in the prediction of Instructor's Performance ratings. In turn, Intellectual Stimulation and Individual Consideration combined to account for 55.1% of the variance in predicting Student Involvement. PMID:12785619

Harvey, Steve; Royal, Martin; Stout, Dale

2003-04-01

448

Diabetes and obesity risks in African American young adult freshmen attending a historically black college/university.  

PubMed

Convincing African American and other young adults that obesity increases their risk for diabetes and its complications is challenging for health educators and clinicians. At a historically Black university (HBCU) this question was examined, Do overweight and obese African American freshmen have higher risks for diabetes through low physical activity or toning and poor nutritional habits? Survey data found 40% of the 101 respondents sampled there were obese (defined as body mass index of 30 or more kg/m2), which is a higher proportion of obesity than found in other college health surveys. Scores reflecting higher risks of diabetes mellitus were significantly related to higher BMI values and low aerobic physical activity. Students had low levels of physical activity and toning than reported in general college populations. To reduce diabetes-disparity risks and obesity-related behaviors, African American younger adult freshmen may benefit from effective intervention strategies targeting them. PMID:19029739

Owens, Chequita Smith

2008-11-01

449

An Analysis of Financial Aid in the Recruitment of Graduate Students at the Ohio State University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of the importance of institutional financial aid on graduate student recruitment focuses on the number of students funded with institutional aid, how departments recruit, why students choose to attend, and departmental attitudes toward funding. Survey responses of students and administrators are used for the analysis. (MSE)

Malaney, Gary D.

1984-01-01

450

The Classroom Performance System (CPS): Effects on student participation, attendance, and achievement in multicultural anatomy and physiology classes at South Texas College  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Classroom Performance System (CPS) is an instructional technology tool that increases student performance and addresses different learning styles. Instructional technologies are used to promote active learning; however, student embarrassment issue in a multicultural setting is not addressed. This study assessed the effect of the CPS on student participation, attendance, and achievement in multicultural college-level anatomy and physiology classes at South Texas College, where the first spoken language is not English. Quantitative method and quasi-experimental design were employed and comparative statistic methods and pre-post tests were used to collect the data. Participants were college students and sections of study were selected by convenient sampling. Participation was 100% during most of the lectures held and participation rate did not strike above 68% in control group. Attendance was significantly higher in CPS sections than the control group as shown by t-tests. Experimental sections had a higher increase in the pre-post test scores and student averages on lecture exams increased at a higher rate as compared to the control group. Therefore, the CPS increased student participation, attendance, and achievement in multicultural anatomy and physiology classes. The CPS can be studied in other settings where the first spoken language is English or in other programs, such as special education programs. Additionally, other variables can be studied and other methodologies can be employed.

Termos, Mohamad Hani

451

Introducing Systems Concepts to All University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article argues that systems thinking transcends disciplinary boundaries and should be part of everyone's education. Stresses future importance of systems global models and their capacity for planning and decision making on a world scale. A tentative topic outline for a systems approach course at university level is proposed. (Author/SMB)

Kahne, Stephen

1980-01-01

452

University Teaching: A Guide for Graduate Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book for graduate teaching assistants (TAs) presents 15 essays regarding the place of teaching in the lives of those teaching at the university level, and the responsibilities of teachers at all points in their careers. The book offers practical classroom strategies as well as selections from current research on teaching and learning. The 15…

Lambert, Leo M., Ed.; And Others

453

Spanish Pre-University Students' Use of English: CEA Results from the University Entrance Examination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper an updated overview of the main errors that Spanish students make when writing the English exam in the University Entrance Examination is provided. To do so, a Computer-aided Error Analysis (CEA) (Dagneaux, Denness & Granger, 1998) was conducted on a representative sample of the students who took the exam in June 2008 in Jaen, and…

Diez-Bedmar, Maria Belen

2011-01-01

454

Universalism, Particularism and cultural self-awareness: a comparison of American and Turkish university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Universalism implies that correct behavior can be defined and always applies, while particularism suggests that relationships are more important than abstract social codes. The United States is generally considered universalistic, and Turkey particularistic. In the current study, American and Turkish students first reacted to a hypothetical situation in order to determine their location on the universalist-particularist dimension. The students were

Donald Tompkins; Diane Galbraith

455

A Four Stage Process of Cooperative Teaching for Beginning University Teachers Meeting First Year University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

A four stage process of co-operative teaching for beginning university teachers meeting first year groups of students provides a structured way in which classes can be developed. Through a process of induction, barriers to classroom participation are minimised, roles are clarified, academic goals are considered and an active knowledge concept is introduced. Students are encouraged to critically assess their own

JOANNA KIDMAN; KEN STEVENS

456

How Do Students Choose a University? An Analysis of Applications to Universities in Ontario, Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study uses a unique set of microdata on university applications to examine the role played by institutional attributes in choices made by graduating high school students between the 17 universities in the Province of Ontario, Canada. We estimate a rank-ordered logit model that uses all information contained in each applicant's ranking of…

Drewes, Torben; Michael, Christopher

2006-01-01

457

A New Subject “Creative Engineering Exercise" Opened to All Course and Grade Students in the Faculty of Engineering, Toyama University  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new subject “creative engineering exercise" has started in the faculty of engineering, Toyama University in 2004. The purpose of the subject is to give the motivation to the students to study engineering science as well as to help them to get the spirit of cooperation, creativity, voluntary and presentation ability. The subject is opened to 1st to 3rd grade students in all courses in the faculty. The students are divided into each development groups and experience the processes to develop each engineering product by themselves under the guidance of advisory teachers. They are asked to make development plans, design and manufacture the products, and presentation of the feature and development process of the products. The subject has started on 2004 school year and 38 students and developed 10 products. The products were presented in the student's creative idea exhibitions held in Toyama University, Niigata University and Nagasaki University. In 2005 school year, 72 students have attended the subject and now they are developing 12 engineering products in each group. In this paper the outline of the subject is described as well as the results and the prospects of the subject.

Masugata, Katsumi; Hasegawa, Kiyoshi; Kuroda, Shigeyasu; Kawaguchi, Kiyoshi

458

Potential Rewards from the Beginning to the End of a Spectroscopic Career Derived from Attendance at a Graduate-Student and Postdoctoral-Fellow Oriented Symposium  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this talk we will consider some generalizations (based primarily on the Author's observations and experiences at 52 of the past 65 Columbus meetings) concerning the benefits and pleasures of OSU Symposium attendance to a molecular spectroscopist at each stage of his or her career, i.e., undergrad, grad student, post doc, new staff member, mature staff member, and retiree. In particular, we will examine the three topics of: (i) what type of people frequently attend this conference, (ii) what do they gain in terms of "things received" from the conference, and (iii) what do they gain by "contributing" to the conference.

Hougen, Jon T.

2010-06-01

459

Dietary patterns of female university students with nutrition education.  

PubMed

Dietary patterns were examined in a convenience sample of 36 female University of Alberta students, all of whom had completed at least one nutrition course. Data from a validated food frequency questionnaire were used to determine if students had a dietary pattern similar to that recommended in Eating Well with Canada's Food Guide (EWCFG) or by the Traditional Healthy Mediterranean Diet Pyramid (THMDP), as measured using a Mediterranean Diet Quality Index Score. No student consumed the THMDP minimum number of portions of legumes, seeds, and nuts, of olive oil, or of whole grains. The majority did not meet the minimum EWCFG recommendations for any food group. The results suggest that nutrition education alone may be insufficient to ensure optimal dietary patterns among female university students. The methodology reported in this study is novel in assessing whether dietary patterns resemble the THMDP or the EWCFG. PMID:24018006

Strawson, Cynthia; Bell, Rhonda; Downs, Shauna; Farmer, Anna; Olstad, Dana; Willows, Noreen

2013-01-01

460

Breast cancer knowledge and awareness among university students in Angola  

PubMed Central

Background The high breast cancer mortality rate in Sub-Saharan Africa has been attributed to a lack of public awareness of the disease which often leads to late diagnosis of the disease. Little is known about the level of knowledge and awareness of breast cancer in Angola. Previous studies have shown that breast cancer awareness is higher among well-educated people. The goal of this study was to assess breast cancer knowledge and awareness among university students in Angola. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional survey of university students using a self-administered questionnaire to investigate participants’ awareness and knowledge of breast cancer. A total of 595 university students in medical and non-medical programs successfully completed the survey. Results Our results showed insufficient knowledge of breast cancer among university students in Angola irrespective of whether they were in medical or non-medical programs. The majority of the participants were not aware of some of the early signs of breast cancer such as change in color or shape of the nipple, even though they appreciated the need for monthly breast self-examination. Overall most of the participants indicated the need for increased breast cancer awareness among university students. Conclusion The study points to the insufficient knowledge of university students in Angola about breast cancer. We expect that our results may provide useful data that may be used by the department of health in Angola and other African countries to formulate health education programs aimed at increasing awareness and promote screening and early detection of breast cancer in the continent.

Sambanje, Martha Nyanungo; Mafuvadze, Benford

2012-01-01

461

Evaluation of a mobile learning organiser for university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a 10-month trial of a mobile learning organiser, developed for use by university students. Implemented on a wireless-enabled Pocket PC hand-held computer, the organiser makes use of existing mobile applications as well as tools designed specifically for students to manage their learning. The trial set out to identify the most-used tools for such a learning device and

Dan Corlett; Mike Sharples; Susan Bull; Tony Chan

2005-01-01

462

Sexual victimization prevalence among New Zealand university students.  

PubMed

In a survey of New Zealand undergraduate university students, 51.6% of 347 women revealed that they had experienced some form of sexual victimization (using the Sexual Experiences Survey; Koss & Oros, 1982), and 25.3% had either been raped or experienced attempted rape. These prevalence data are almost identical to those found using the same instrument with a national sample of U.S. university student women (Koss, Gidycz, & Wisniewski, 1987). The men in the New Zealand sample, however, reported perpetrating considerably less sexual aggression than their American counterparts. Most of the sexual victimization reported by women occurred within heterosexual relationships. PMID:2071732

Gavey, N

1991-06-01

463

Experiential Learning for Native American Students at Tribal Colleges and Universities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In reaffirming its commitment to Indian tribes and Alaska Native entities, the Federal Government issued Executive Order 13270 of July 3, 2002, stating the policy that " this Nation's commitment to education excellence and opportunity must extend as well to the tribal colleges and universities." Further, the Federal Government has called on the private sector to contribute to these colleges' educational and cultural mission. American University, through its American Indian Internship Program, has responded to this call. American University, a private liberal arts institution of higher education in the Nation's capital, has long ago recognized the importance of experiential learning in undergraduate education. For over 50 years, its Washington Semester Program brings students from other universities around the country and the world to American University's campus and to Washington, D.C. for a unique academic experience. The Washington Semester Program combines academic seminars in various fields of concentration with internship work in government agencies, congressional offices, non-profit organizations, foundations and research institutions in the Nation's capital. Students in this Program get to meet the Nation's leaders, experts in the field, and notable newsmakers while incorporating their academic skills and courses in practice at their internship assignments. The American Indian Internship Program (also knows as Washington Internship for Native Students-WINS) is one of the programs in Washington Semester. This program is designed to give American Indian students the chance to study issues of interest to the Native community and to gain valuable work experience through an internship in the Nation's capital. All costs to attend the program are paid by the internship sponsors and American University, including transportation between the students' home and Washington, DC, tuition and program fees for 6 credit hours in the summer and 12 credit hours in fall/spring semester, books for all courses, housing for the duration of the program, travel to/from internship sites, and a weekly stipend to cover meals and personal expenses. As with all the other Washington Semester Programs, the American Indian Internship Program/WINS provides a unique opportunity for the young people of sovereign Native American nations to build leadership skills while living, studying, and interning in Washington, DC., and to bring those skills back to their communities. While this challenging experience is open to all American Indian and Alaskan Native students, it is particularly valuable to students from tribal colleges and universities. The Washington experience serves to expand the tribal college students' understanding of the government's policies towards Indian Nations, the structure of government agencies and their functions, and their impact on tribal communities. Students meet Natives from other tribes and schools from across the country in a very diverse campus community. Our students have a 95 percent completion rate and nearly 10 percent return to do another session, One of the most significant effects of this Program is to reinforce students commitment to completing their undergraduate education. In addition, once students have been exposed to the professional and academic environment offered at the WINS Program and at internship sites, many students have been inspired to also pursue a graduate or professional degree.

Sauve, M. L.; Moore, K.

2003-12-01

464

Texas A&M University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Texas A&M University is a research extensive institution located in College Station. More than 45,000 students attend the university (about 20% are graduate or professional students). Academically, the university is known for its engineering, business, and agricultural and veterinary medicine programs, although there are more than 150 programs of…

Osters, Sandi

2009-01-01

465

Pre-Service Teachers' Attendance at Lectures and Tutorials: Why Don't They Turn up?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research indicates that attendance at lectures and tutorials is associated with university students' level of success and satisfaction, and pre-service teachers' relatively low levels of attendance at scheduled classes is of significant concern to many lecturers. However, little research has been undertaken to investigate the factors associated…

Oakley, Grace; Lock, Graeme; Budgen, Fiona; Hamlett, Brenda

2011-01-01

466

A search for Bordetella pertussis infection in university students.  

PubMed

University students with persistent cough of greater than or equal to 6 days' duration were evaluated for evidence of infection with Bordetella pertussis. Of 130 students studied during a 30-month period, 34 (26%) were found to have evidence of recent infections with B. pertussis. Infection was identified by direct fluorescent antibody assay of a nasopharyngeal specimen in one student and serologically in 33 additional subjects. B. pertussis was not recovered on culture of nasopharyngeal specimens from any subjects. Students with B. pertussis infection were identified in seven of the eight 3-month periods in which students were enrolled during the 30-month investigation, suggesting an endemic rather than epidemic pattern of infection in this university population. Illnesses of students with pertussis were similar to the illnesses of students without pertussis. The findings in this study suggest that adult populations in which endemic illness occurs at a relatively constant rate may be the reservoirs for pertussis outbreaks in susceptible children. Immunization programs in the future will need to employ booster doses for adults if complete control of B. pertussis infection is our goal. PMID:1554832

Mink, C M; Cherry, J D; Christenson, P; Lewis, K; Pineda, E; Shlian, D; Dawson, J A; Blumberg, D A

1992-02-01

467

Beliefs about euthanasia among university students: perspectives from Pakistan.  

PubMed

Opinions of university students about euthanasia were studied in 4 cities in Pakistan using convenience sampling. A total of 836 students (316 males and 520 females) completed a questionnaire in which euthanasia was defined as deliberate administration of an overdose of a drug by a doctor to relieve pain and suffering of a dying patient at his/her explicit request to end his/her life. Only 25.6% of students agreed that euthanasia should be legalized in Pakistan. The most common reason cited for legalization of euthanasia was to relieve patient's suffering but only when a committee of physicians agreed to recommend it. Students who opposed legalization (74.4%) cited impediments to future medical research as the most common reason, followed by the risk of misuse by physicians or family members. Only 8.9% of students cited religious beliefs as a reason against legalization. There is a need in Pakistan for more debate about euthanasia. PMID:22256415

Shaikh, M A; Kamal, A

2011-10-01

468

First-generation college students and U.S. citizens: is the university perceived like family or strangers?  

PubMed

We examined school sense of community (SSOC) between university students who are first-generation U.S. citizens (n = 936) or students who are non-first-generation U.S. citizens (n = 3,556), and between first-generation college students (n = 1,114) and students who are non-first-generation college students (n = 3,378), both attending an urban and diverse Roman Catholic university. Participants reported their SSOC and whether the school was innovative and inclusive, examining whether a higher sense of school community and positive notions of one's campus mission related to being a first-generation U.S. citizen or a first-generation college student. Results showed that a lack of belongingness may lead to lower academic achievement, school dropouts, and less school involvement. Future research should explore why there is a differing impact on school sense of community and campus mission perception for students who are first-generation U.S. citizens or first-generation college students. PMID:23256592

Williams, Shannon M; Karahalios, Vicky S; Ferrari, Joseph R

2013-01-01

469

Students and Their Presenting Concerns at a Student Counselling Service at a South African University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a summary of the concerns and the demographic data collected from clients at the Student Counselling Service (SCS) at the University of Cape Town (UCT), South Africa, during the period of March 2001 to April 2003. First-time presenting clients who are enrolled students, were asked to ill out an anonymous questionnaire, of…

Schreiber, B. M.

2007-01-01

470

Factors Influencing Student Satisfaction in Universities in the Gulf Region: Does Gender of Students Matter?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While various research studies have focused on antecedents and consequences of student satisfaction, few studies have done so in the Gulf region. The objective of the present study was therefore to design and empirically examine a model of student satisfaction in a private university in the Gulf region that operates in a high-technology-enabled…

Parahoo, Sanjai K.; Harvey, Heather L.; Tamim, Rana M.

2013-01-01

471

Variables Affecting Medical Faculty Students' Achievement: A Mersin University Sample  

PubMed Central

Background: Training provided in medical faculties is mainly composed of two phases: preclinical and clinical. Preclinical period, or the first three years, consists of theoretical classes and practical implementations to develop vocational skills. In the clinical period, students are given applied courses. Objectives: This study aimed to determine the role of demographic characteristics and medical students’ life habits on their academic achievement. Patients and Methods: For this purpose, a 20-item survey form with two sections developed by the researchers was used. Students were also asked to identify the averages of committee exams as the academic achievement indicator. Participating students (n = 287) were from Mersin University Medical Faculty during 2012-2013 session. Results: Totally, 60.3% of the students were males with an average age of 21.16 ± 1.39, and their general grade point average was 63.39 ± 9.08. Students in their second year (P = 0.000), who were females (P = 0.000), graduated from Anatolian Teachers High Schools (P = 0.002), financially well off (P = 0.026), stayed in state hostels (P = 0.032), did not smoke (P = 0.042) and regularly did sports (P = 0.016) were significantly more successful compared to others. Conclusions: Students’ socioeconomic resources and habits play roles on academic achievement. Solutions that incorporate economic support which can eliminate negative situations leading to inequality of opportunity among students would increase students' achievement.

Ogenler, Oya; Selvi, Huseyin

2014-01-01

472

Understanding the Relationships among Racial Identity, Self-Efficacy, Institutional Integration and Academic Achievement of Black Males Attending Research Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study asserts that African American males with higher grade point averages (GPAs) in college are also academically and socially integrated into campus and hold racial identity attitudes and self-efficacy beliefs that facilitate their level of institutional integration. The statistical study of 190 African American males attending five…

Reid, Karl W.

2013-01-01

473

University Students' Experiences of Nonmarital Breakups: A Grounded Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior nonmarital breakup research has been focused on negative outcomes, rarely examining the personal growth aspects of this experience. In this study, we used a qualitative grounded theory methodology to explore the changes that university students reported experiencing as a result of a heterosexual nonmarital breakup and how those changes…

Hebert, Sarah; Popadiuk, Natalee

2008-01-01

474

Using the Intelligent Careers Card Sort with University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the experiences of university students who completed the Intelligent Careers Card Sort (ICCS), a career exploration exercise that is based on the Intelligent Career framework. This Intelligent Career model is discussed in the context of the subjective career and the changing economy, and research on card sorts is briefly reviewed.…

Wnuk, Susan M.; Amundson, Norman E.

2003-01-01

475

Teaching Law to Online Law Students at RMIT University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the online Juris Doctor Program (JD Program) at RMIT University. The first part of the paper provides a brief overview of the JD Program, the graduate capabilities of the Program and key principles associated with the teaching of law to online postgraduate students. In line with the literature in the area of online teaching…

Babacan, Alperhan

2011-01-01

476

University Students' Understanding of Nonconservation: Implications for Structural Reversion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

University students' understanding of the laws of matter conservation, weight conservation, gravity and the functioning of levers were examined before, during, and after a traditional weight conservation task in which a surreptitious deception caused the pan balance scale not to balance. (Author/JMB)

Strauss, Sidney; And Others

1977-01-01

477

The Diversity of Value Meanings among University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the current study was to tap implicit theories of a set of values selected from Schwartz's value model. The associations to seven value items (helpful, broad-minded, social justice, unity with nature, authority, ambitious and successful) were examined by a sample of 130 university students from three different fields of study (social…

Myyry, Liisa

2008-01-01

478

University Students' Perceptions of the Life Effects of Stuttering  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An open-ended, written survey was administered to 146 university students who did not stutter to obtain their impressions of the effects of stuttering on the lives of people who stutter (PWS). Participants first wrote about the general effects of stuttering and then considered how their lives would be different if they stuttered. Both types of…

Hughes, Stephanie; Gabel, Rodney; Irani, Farzan; Schlagheck, Adam

2010-01-01

479

Universities urged to train all students in suicide prevention.  

PubMed

NURSES AT the RCN congress last month overwhelmingly backed a resolution calling on universities to make suicide-prevention training a part of every pre-registration nursing course, not only those for students studying the mental health branch. PMID:24984725

2014-07-01

480

Retaining Latino Students: Culturally Responsive Instruction in Colleges and Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article the authors define and describe culturally responsive teaching (CRT) in college and university courses. Whereas, the Latino population in our K-12 schools has grown rapidly, we have not seen such growth in the population of Latino students in our postsecondary schools. It is the authors' position that CRT can be a tool in helping…

Pappamihiel, N. Eleni; Moreno, Marcio

2011-01-01

481

Costa Rican High Education, Its Universities and Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multiple efforts have been undertaken around the world to describe and categorize universities and systems of higher education, in the understanding that knowledge about these institutions can inform interventions which can improve educational quality and efficiency, while helping consumers--students, parents, employers, and governments--make…

Castro, Silvia P.

2010-01-01

482

Sexual Victimization Prevalence Among New Zealand University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a survey of New Zealand undergraduate university students, 51.6% of 347 women revealed that they had experienced some form of sexual victimization (using the Sexual Experiences Survey; Koss & Oros, 1982), and 25.3% had either been raped or experienced attempted rape. These prevalence data are almost identical to those found using the same instrument with a national sample of

Nicola Gavey

1991-01-01

483

Depressive symptoms personal health behaviors and smoking among university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Smoking is addictive and harmful, causing health problems and death; therefore, there is a need to understand which factors contribute to smoking. The prevalence rates of smoking are currently the highest among university students. The main objective of this cross-sectional study was to analyze the association of smoking status with depressive symptoms and personal health behaviors. Methods: A sample

Hikmet YAZICI; Ismail AK

484

"Managing" Disability: Early Experiences of University Students with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent UK legislation, operational from December 2006, places a duty on all public authorities, including higher education institutions, to actively promote equality of opportunity for people with disabilities. The university studied here has a number of initiatives in place to develop good practice in this area, but how do students themselves…

Goode, Jackie

2007-01-01

485

Beliefs about Mental Illness among University Students in Egypt  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To detect differences in attitudes towards psychiatric illness, regarding its nature, cause, different ways of therapy, possibility of cure and the effect on the society in two areas from different socioeconomic classes in Egypt. Method: A survey study using self administered questionnaire, to detect culture differences between students of Cairo and Beni Suef universities \\

Hani Hamed Dessoki

486

Behavioral Activation for Moderately Depressed University Students: Randomized Controlled Trial  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although depression is prevalent among university students, limited and dated research has examined the efficacy of behavioral interventions in treating this population (C. Lee, 2005). On the basis of a modified version of the Behavioral Activation Treatment for Depression (BATD; D. R. Hopko & C. W. Lejuez, 2007; C. W. Lejuez, D. R. Hopko, & S. D.…

Gawrysiak, Michael; Nicholas, Christopher; Hopko, Derek R.

2009-01-01

487

Career Guidance and Counseling for University Students in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, various forms of career guidance and career counseling have become more prominent and better serviced in most universities throughout the world. Such services are obviously to the benefit of the students themselves and for society. After an initially slow start, researchers and practitioners in China have now begun to focus on the…

Sun, Vincy Jing; Yuen, Mantak

2012-01-01

488

Cognitive Linguistic Performances of Multilingual University Students Suspected of Dyslexia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High-performing adults with compensated dyslexia pose particular challenges to dyslexia diagnostics. We compared the performance of 20 multilingual Finnish university students with suspected dyslexia with 20 age-matched and education-matched controls on an extensive test battery. The battery tapped various aspects of reading, writing, word…

Lindgren, Signe-Anita; Laine, Matti

2011-01-01

489

‘Managing’ disability: early experiences of university students with disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent UK legislation, operational from December 2006, places a duty on all public authorities, including higher education institutions, to actively promote equality of opportunity for people with disabilities. The university studied here has a number of initiatives in place to develop good practice in this area, but how do students themselves experience that provision? Research about people with disabilities has

Jackie Goode

2007-01-01

490

Negation Errors in English by University of Jordan Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This cross-sectional study attempted to determine whether the English negation errors made by the University of Jordan's students were similar to the English negation errors proposed by Klima and Bellugi (1966), or influenced by the Arabic syntactic structures of negative sentences. Data of negative structures were gathered, and error counts were…

Eisouh, Zuhair S.

2011-01-01

491

Alcohol Use and the Effects on University Business Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the effects of alcohol consumption on university undergraduate students in eight management schools in the province of Ontario, Canada. The study establishes two contrasting groups--the socially oriented and the academically oriented. It elaborates on the potential consequences that excessive drinking may have on the learning,…

Belanger, Charles H.; Leonard, Valorie M.; Lebrasseur, Rolland

2011-01-01

492

EFFECTS OF CONTEXT ON EVERYDAY CONVERSATIONS OF TURKISH UNIVERSITY STUDENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study employed a diary method to investigate everyday conversations. Consistent with a dynamic view of partner context interaction, it was predicted that conversations occurring in different contexts would show variations with respect to topics and conversation partners. Turkish university students recorded durations, topics, and conversation partners of their conversations for seven consecutive days. Contexts, topics, and partners were categorized.

NURAN HORTAÇSU; ATIYE ORAL; YE?IM YASAK

1996-01-01

493

Promoting Intercultural Contact Between Australian and International University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

In view of the equivocal findings relating to the intercultural contact hypothesis and the practical issue of the lack of contact between Australian and international university students, a study was conducted to assess the efficacy of an intervention designed to promote contact between members of the two groups in one setting (a residential college) on their contact on the wider

Patricia Todd; Drew Nesdale

1997-01-01

494

Perceptions of HPV Vaccine amongst UK University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The aim of this small-scale focus group study is to explore the impact the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) vaccine has on attitudes towards HPV, cervical cancer and sexual risk taking amongst university students in the UK. Design/methodology/approach: Participants were recruited through advertisements placed on notice boards throughout the…

Martin, Ellen; Senior, Naomi; Abdullah, Ammar; Brown, Janine; Collings, Suzanne; Racktoo, Sophie; Walpole, Sarah; Zeiton, Moez; Heffernan, Catherine

2011-01-01

495

Group Process and Organizational Environment: Student Organizations in the University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects of different relationships between subgroups (student voluntary organizations) and their larger organizational environment (the university) on internal group processes are examined. It is hypothesized that the relationship is reflected in the ways members are recruited and integrated, group norms and values, and the kinds of…

Gamson, Zelda F.

1974-01-01

496

Laptops and University Students: A Review and Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines college student attitudes toward laptop computers and the impact that laptops are having on higher education. Compares laptop ownership to traditional computer lab use; gives examples of colleges that have laptop programs; and discusses laptop use and attitudes at Zayed University (United Arab Emirates). (Author/LRW)

Kontos, George

2002-01-01

497

Multivariate Prediction of Academic Performance by Hong Kong University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Verbal intelligence, English-language skills, personality, and attitude scales were used as predictors of academic performance in students at the University of Hong Kong. A series of bivariate, multiple, and canonical correlation analyses were performed. Results indicate that verbal intelligence and attitudes, except study orientation, were not…

Ho, David, Y. F.; Spinks, John A.

1985-01-01

498

Transfer Student Graduation Efficiency and University Administrators: New Bedfellows  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Accountability is an important focus for nearly all-public higher education institutions. In 1997 the Washington State Legislature mandated an accountability measure designed to encourage public universities to increase student efficiency toward graduation. This accountability measure is assessed by a formula called the Graduation Efficiency…

Poch, Susan; Wolverton, Mimi

2005-01-01

499

Metacognitive Theory and Levels of History Department Students, Karabuk University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper aims to study the levels of metacognition of students of History Department of Karabuk University and whether they differ according to their variables terms. Screening model was used in this study. Basic information about the concept of metacognition and metacognitive theory from movement of national and international literature were…

Candan, Ahmet Sait

2012-01-01

500

University faculty and information literacy: Who teaches the students?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This descriptive study reports on a 1995 survey at the University of Wyoming, in which faculty and academic professionals were asked how they acquire information, and how they require or encourage students to access and use information. The findings describe the characteristics and roles of faculty who use technology for information access, which resources they use, which sources they promote

Donna Amstutz; Donna Whitson

1997-01-01