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1

HIV-related behaviors among black students attending Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) versus white students attending a traditionally white institution (TWI)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent data indicated the unexpected movement of the HIV epidemic in the Southeastern US and the transmission among college students especially in black campuses. The current study is the first one attempted to assess and compare HIV-related behaviors among black students attending Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) and white students attending a traditionally white institution (TWI). Black students were

Su-I Hou

2009-01-01

2

Trauma screening in students attending a medical university.  

PubMed

Clinicians seldom assess trauma history in patients who seek treatment for psychological problems, yet trauma exposure is often related to psychological distress. Assessing trauma history can provide valuable information for treatment conceptualization and provision, although patients may not spontaneously share their histories because of embarrassment, avoidance, or other concerns. The authors compared 73 students at a southeastern US medical university who sought counseling and psychological services and completed intake paperwork without a trauma screen with 130 students whose intake procedures included trauma screening. They found that (a) patients who were specifically asked about trauma history were more likely to report such events, (b) previous physical assaults with a weapon were related to current psychological distress, and (c) physical assaults with or without a weapon were related to clinically significant psychological distress. These findings suggest that screening for lifetime trauma history should be a standard part of mental health screenings in similar medical university counseling centers. PMID:11910949

Freedy, John R; Monnier, Jeannine; Shaw, Darlene L

2002-01-01

3

Academic Stress of International Students Attending U.S. Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of 412 foreign graduate students investigated their (1) perceptions of the stressfulness of role demands and (2) abilities to cope with those demands. Results indicated students associated English language skills and cultural distance with stresses and language, academic, and problem-solving skills with coping capacity. Implications for…

Wan, Teh-yuan; And Others

1992-01-01

4

Connecticut High School Students Attending Colleges and Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By utilizing currently available data from various sources, this report presents an initial overview and analysis of the collegiate educational opportunities available to high school students in Connecticut. It presents relevant issues for discussion and suggests future research in enhancing state public policies and vision for a more coherent and…

Connecticut State Board of Governors for Higher Education, Hartford.

5

Perspectives of South Korean Undergraduate Exchange Students Attending a University in the Southern United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This in-depth study examined the perspectives of 17 Korean undergraduate exchange students attending a U.S. southern university during the 2005-2006 school year. The struggles and frustrations they experienced; the difficulties they encountered socially, culturally, and academically; their contributions to the American academic community; and…

Yin, Lishu; Huang, Li-Ching; Hare, Dwight

2010-01-01

6

Perspectives of South Korean Undergraduate Exchange Students Attending a University in the Southern United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This in-depth study examined the perspectives of 17 Korean undergraduate exchange students attending a U.S. southern university during the 2005-2006 school year. The struggles and frustrations they experienced; the difficulties they encountered socially, culturally, and academically; their contributions to the American academic community; and…

Yin, Lishu; Huang, Li-Ching; Hare, Dwight

2010-01-01

7

Breaking the Taboo: An Exploration of Female University Students' Experiences of Attending a Feminist-Informed Sex Education Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the results of a qualitative interview study of nine young women who attended a feminist-informed human sexuality course as undergraduate students at a US university located in the "Bible belt". The course focused on messages of desire and empowerment, rather than romance or fear, and was designed to encourage students to…

Askew, Julie

2007-01-01

8

Breaking the taboo: an exploration of female university students' experiences of attending a feminist?informed sex education course  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents the results of a qualitative interview study of nine young women who attended a feminist?informed human sexuality course as undergraduate students at a US university located in the ‘Bible belt’. The course focused on messages of desire and empowerment, rather than romance or fear, and was designed to encourage students to think critically about current sexual discourses.

Julie Askew

2007-01-01

9

Can Australian Universities Take Measures to Increase the Lecture Attendance of Marketing Students?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lectures are a central element of traditional university learning, but Australian lecturers increasingly face very low levels of lecture attendance. A significant amount of research exists that investigates the drivers of lecture attendance. However, those studies typically study single factors in an isolated manner, thus overestimating the…

Dolnicar, Sara; Kaiser, Sebastian; Matus, Katrina; Vialle, Wilma

2009-01-01

10

A Comparison of the Characteristics and Attitudes of Freshman and Transfer Students Attending Different Orientation Programs at the University of Maryland.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The characteristics and attitudes of 982 incoming freshmen who attended 2-day orientation programs at the University of Maryland, College Park, were compared to those of 566 incoming freshmen and 378 transfer students who attended 1-day orientation programs. The University New Student Census (UNSC), a 78-item questionnaire consisting of…

Martinez, Alyce C.; Sedlacek, William E.

11

ISAMS: Tracking Student Attendance using Interactive Student Attendance Management System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditionally, student attendance is done using pen and papers. Therefore, computer-based students' attendance management system is required to assist the faculty and the lecturer for this time-consuming process. In this paper, we proposed a system that is capable to record the students' attendance using interactive input, generating the reports, viewing the students and lecturers profiles, and providing the students timetable.

Jonathan Sidi; Syahrul N. Junaini; Lau S. Ling

12

The Influence of Religiosity and Spirituality on Drinking Behaviors: Differences between Students Attending Two Southern Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine if students (n = 431) from two southern universities--one in the "buckle" of the Bible-belt, the other a southern "border" state--have different drinking behaviors depending on their religiosity and spirituality. Approximately 95% of students indicated that they had at least one drink of alcohol during…

Dennis, Dixie L.; Cox, William; Black, Anne; Muller, Susan

2009-01-01

13

The Influence of Religiosity and Spirituality on Drinking Behaviors: Differences between Students Attending Two Southern Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to determine if students (n = 431) from two southern universities--one in the "buckle" of the Bible-belt, the other a southern "border" state--have different drinking behaviors depending on their religiosity and spirituality. Approximately 95% of students indicated that they had at least one drink of alcohol during…

Dennis, Dixie L.; Cox, William; Black, Anne; Muller, Susan

2009-01-01

14

Medication taking behavior of students attending a private university in Bangladesh.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to investigate the patterns of self-reported medication use, including both prescription and OTC drugs, and to assess the possible predictors of self-medication and medication non-compliance (non-adherence), for 929 non-medical undergraduate students of the American International University, a private university situated in Dhaka city, Bangladesh. Although a high proportion (69%, n = 644) of students of this university had fallen sick in the last six months before the study, the rate of visiting qualified health practitioners was much lower (53%). A good proportion of the sick students were reported to have practiced self-medication (16%, n = 100) and medication non-adherence (15%, n = 98). The average treatment cost involved in self medication was much lower than that offered by a qualified physician (Tk 463 vs Tk 2546 per case). Those students living with parents were more likely to have visited qualified health practitioners (56%, p < .05), and students whose families kept a well-stocked medicine cabinet at home were more likely to have completed the full course (39%, p < .05) of prescribed medicine. No significant difference was found in the rates of self medication and medication compliance incidence for variables like age groups, gender, residence status, financial level, engagement in part-time jobs etc. The study also showed that antimicrobials are widely available (170 incidents) in the home medicine cabinets of the Dhaka City population. The storage of leftover antibiotics in the home constitutes an alternative potential source of self-medication that can have untoward consequences. Further elaborate studies are required to reveal the true pattern of antibiotic usage in Bangladesh. PMID:20014639

Chowdhury, Nishat; Matin, Fatema; Chowdhury, Sk Feroz Uddin Ahmed

15

National Impact: The Effects of Mentorship on the Level of Retention for African American Freshman Students Attending Historically Black Colleges and Universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors discuss the problems and issues of student retention and persistence, and in particular African American freshman students attending Historically Black Colleges and Universities. More specifically, this article l examines the challenging problems HBCUs are facing in the areas of recruiting, enrolling, retaining and graduating students. The review of literature addresses: (a) the gaps in research that indicates little

William Allan Kritsonis

16

Impact of Attendance Policies on Course Attendance among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was twofold: (a) to investigate whether having a graded attendance policy would have an effect on course attendance among college students, and (b) to examine beliefs about education and attendance policies among college students. Results support the utility of graded attendance policies for increasing class attendance

Chenneville, Tiffany; Jordan, Cary

2008-01-01

17

GENDER DIFFERENCES IN VIOLENCE EXPOSURE AMONG UNIVERSITY STUDENTS ATTENDING CAMPUS HEALTH CLINICS IN THE U.S. AND CANADA  

PubMed Central

Purpose To explore gender differences in prevalence, types, perpetrators and correlates of recent violence experiences among university students at campus clinics at 5 universities in the Midwest and Pacific Northwest U.S. and Canada. Methods Systematic survey of students presenting for routine primary care visits (N=2,091), pencil-&-paper screen for recent emotional and physical violence exposure (past 6 months), demographics, plus sensation seeking, at-risk alcohol use, and depression. Chi-square tests compared prevalence by gender; correlates for types of violence were analyzed separately for men and women using chi-square with adjusted standardized residuals comparing no violence, intimate partner violence (IPV) and other violence (Other). Results Similar rates of men (17%) and women (16%) reported any violence in the past 6 months; women were more likely to report emotional and men to report physical violence. Of those reporting emotional violence, 45.5% women and 50% men indicated it was IPV, and 23.7% women and 20.9% men reported physical IPV. Correlates differed by gender; demographics were not linked to IPV. At-risk drinking was associated with both IPV and Other violence for women, but only Other violence for men. Depression was the only correlate significantly linked to IPV for men. Conclusions Recent violence exposure among university students affects nearly 1 in 5 attending campus clinics. Screening for violence exposure should include both men and women, especially students who indicate heavy drinking patterns or depressive symptoms. Campus health promotion interventions should address healthy dating relationships. Further research on IPV among college men is needed.

Saewyc, Elizabeth M.; Brown, David; Plane, Mary Beth; Mundt, Marlon P.; Zakletskaia, Larissa; Wiegel, Jennifer; Fleming, Michael F.

2009-01-01

18

The social adjustment of international students attending McMaster University  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the types of factors that facilitate and\\/or impede the social adjustment of international students in a foreign culture. It is argued that establishing effective communication with hosts forms a necessary basis for successful sojourner adjustment. The findings indicate that establishing effective cross-cultural communication and understanding facilitates successful sojourner adjustment. The findings indicate that international students belong to

Wolodymyr Ewhen Krywulak

1995-01-01

19

Gender and Higher Education in Different National Spaces: Female Palestinian Students Attending Israeli and Jordanian Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines the higher education experience among Palestinian Arab females in two national spaces and seeks to determine whether studying at an Arab institution of higher learning in a nearby Arab country can alleviate the emotional and economic difficulties that affect Palestinian women at Israeli universities. What can institutions of…

Abu-Rabia-Queder, Sarab; Arar, Khaled

2011-01-01

20

Gender Differences in Violence Exposure Among University Students Attending Campus Health Clinics in the United States and Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

PurposeTo explore gender differences in prevalence, types, perpetrators, and correlates of recent violence experiences among university students at campus clinics at five universities in the Midwest and Pacific Northwest U.S. and Canada.

Elizabeth M. Saewyc; David Brown; MaryBeth Plane; Marlon P. Mundt; Larissa Zakletskaia; Jennifer Wiegel; Michael F. Fleming

2009-01-01

21

Sessional, Weekly and Diurnal Patterns of Computer Lab Usage by Students Attending a Regional University in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most universities have invested in extensive infrastructure in the form of computer laboratories and computer kiosks. However, is this investment justified when it is suggested that students work predominantly from home using their own computers? This paper provides an empirical study investigating how students at a regional multi-campus…

Spennemann, Dirk H. R.; Atkinson, John; Cornforth, David

2007-01-01

22

Knowledge of termination of pregnancy (TOP) legislation and attitudes toward TOP clinical training among medical students attending two South African universities.  

PubMed

Provision of safe, voluntary, termination of pregnancy (TOP) in South Africa is challenged by an insufficient number of TOP-trained clinicians. Medical students' understanding of TOP legality and their attitudes toward TOP training are indicators for future service provision. We administered a 63-item questionnaire to explore these issues at the University of Cape Town and Walter Sisulu University. Ordinary least squares regression assessed predictors of TOP legislation knowledge and training attitudes. Results: Of 1308 students, 95% knew that TOP was legal in South Africa, but few (27%) understood the specific provisions of the legislation beyond 13 weeks' gestation. Sixty-three percent desired more information about TOP. In multivariate models, female, white and sexually experienced students and students more advanced in school had better legislation knowledge (all p < .01). Attending religious services regularly (p < .01) was associated with lack of support for TOP training, whereas being in a relationship (p < .01) was associated with support for TOP training. PMID:23135069

Wheeler, Stephanie B; Zullig, Leah; Jungerwirth, Robert; Reeve, Bryce B; Buga, Geoffrey A; Morroni, Chelsea

2012-01-01

23

Where are the students: modeling and improving basketball attendance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The University of Virginia athletic department has experienced problems with actual student attendance at men's home basketball games differing greatly from what was expected. There are also problems with admitting students into the general admission student section including maintaining the order of the student line prior to the game, and issues with students camping. The purpose of this project was

M. Radzio; T. L. Walls; G. V. Joiner; B. T. Rogers; E. J. Bass

2003-01-01

24

Feasibility of a Catch-Up HPV Vaccination Program among College Students Attending a Large Rural University in the South  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Our study explored the eligibility and willingness of students to participate in a university-wide catch-up Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination program. A total of 1804 electronic surveys (82% response) assessing demographics, HPV knowledge, eligibility, and willingness were gathered. HPV knowledge was moderate, with just over a quarter (26%)…

Richman, Alice R.; Haithcox-Dennis, Melissa J.; Allsbrook, Ashley R.

2012-01-01

25

Attendance Policies, Student Attendance, and Instructor Verbal Aggressiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors utilized an experimental design across six sections of a managerial communications course (N = 173) to test the impact of instructor verbal aggressiveness and class attendance policies on student class attendance. The experimental group received a policy based on the principle of social proof (R. B. Cialdini, 2001), which indicated…

Snyder, Jason; Forbus, Robert; Cistulli, Mark

2012-01-01

26

Employer Expectations of Students Attending Job Fairs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on a survey about employer expectations of students attending job fairs, including how students should conduct themselves and dress. More than one-third indicated they expect students to be knowledgeable about their company. According to respondents, lack of clear career objectives accounts for the most common mistake made by students.…

Palomares, Amber

2000-01-01

27

The Views of Student-Teachers Attending a Turkish University on Discrimination Related to the Education of Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The current study aims to highlight how Turkish students perceive important issues such as discrimination against women, violence that surfaced as a result of discrimination, alienation, inequality between men and women and isolation of women from work life. A total of 50 students participated in the study. Individual interviews were conducted.…

Murat, Mehmet

2013-01-01

28

DOES ATTENDANCE AT A HISTORICALLY WHITE UNIVERSITY BENEFIT NON-WHITE STUDENTS OF INTRODUCTORY ECONOMICS IN SOUTH AFRICA?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Equality of Educational Opportunity survey (aka the Coleman Report), published in 1966 in the USA, is arguably the fountainhead of the debate promulgated within the economics of education and allied disciplines concerning the efficacy of schooling. The debate was largely due to the primary conclusion of the Coleman Report that school inputs (other than student demographics) explain little, if

Kudayja m. Parker

2010-01-01

29

28 CFR 92.6 - What colleges or universities can I attend under the Police Corps?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false What colleges or universities can I attend...Criteria § 92.6 What colleges or universities can I attend... (1) Admits as regular students only persons having a certificate...program of training to prepare students for gainful...

2013-07-01

30

Comment ameliorer l'anglais ecrit de l'etudiant etranger en universite britannique (How to Improve the Written English of Foreign Students Attending British Universities).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a method for teaching written English to foreign students, as applied in the course "Academic Writing" taught at the University of Manchester. Includes data on the English program student population, including their numbers, majors, and countries of origin, and discusses diagnostic and placement tests tailored to students' needs. Societe…

Jordan, R. R.

1981-01-01

31

Attendance and Performance: How Important Is It for Students To Attend Class?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the correlation between class attendance and performance in a biology course. Shows that class attendance by most students in nonmajor science classes is influenced by whether they receive points for attending class. Indicates the value of stressing to introductory science students the importance of class attendance to their academic…

Moore, Randy

2003-01-01

32

Association between Lifestyle and School Attendance in Japanese Medical Students: A Pilot Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Lifestyle factors are thought to be associated with students' academic performance. Whether lifestyle factors were associated with medical students' school attendance was determined. Design: Cross-sectional design. Setting: The study group consisted of 157 healthy second-year medical students attending Osaka City University Graduate…

Tanaka, Masaaki; Watanabe, Yasuyoshi

2012-01-01

33

Association between Lifestyle and School Attendance in Japanese Medical Students: A Pilot Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: Lifestyle factors are thought to be associated with students' academic performance. Whether lifestyle factors were associated with medical students' school attendance was determined. Design: Cross-sectional design. Setting: The study group consisted of 157 healthy second-year medical students attending Osaka City University Graduate…

Tanaka, Masaaki; Watanabe, Yasuyoshi

2012-01-01

34

Personality, Learning Style, Gender, and Ethnic Characteristics of Students Attending Supplemental Instruction Spring of 1997 at the University of Central Florida.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to gather information on students participating in supplemental instruction (SI) at the University of Central Florida in spring 1997. Using Long's Personality Checklist, 163 SI students classified themselves as aggressive-independent (i.e., highly energetic, frank, and confrontational); aggressive-dependent (i.e., highly…

Warren, Bonnie Z.

35

Association between lifestyle and school attendance in Japanese medical students: A pilot study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Lifestyle factors are thought to be associated with students’ academic performance. Whether lifestyle factors were associated with medical students’ school attendance was determined.Design: Cross-sectional design.Setting: The study group consisted of 157 healthy second-year medical students attending Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine.Method: Participants completed a questionnaire dealing with lifestyle and school attendance.Results: On univariate logistic regression analyses, spending

Masaaki Tanaka; Yasuyoshi Watanabe

2012-01-01

36

Factors Influencing the Engagement of White Undergraduates Attending Public Historically Black Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to identify factors that influence the engagement of White, undergraduate students attending public HBCUs. Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) have experienced an increase in White, undergraduate student enrollment since the early 1980s (American Association of University Professors, 2007; Libarkin,…

Carter, Joelle Isabeth Davis

2010-01-01

37

The Effect of College Attendance on Student Parent Attitude Congruence: Enlargement of a "Generation Gap"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results of the study, designed to determine if student and parent attitudes concerning religion, politics, sexual behavior, student self government, social behavior, and living regulations change significantly after the student has attended a university, show that student attitude change are increasingly incongruent with parents' except for living…

Hurst, James C.; And Others

1971-01-01

38

Peer Victimization, Student Engagement, and School Attendance: Structural Equation Models  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Survey data from a study of 6th grade students in Colorado (n=860) were used to estimate structural equation models in which peer victimization types were hypothesized to have significant relationships with both student engagement and attendance. Then, student engagement and attendance variables were hypothesized to have significant effects on…

Dunkle, Jason Benjamin

2009-01-01

39

The Correlation between Attendance, Grades, and the Nontraditional Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A review of research substantiates the link between nontraditional students' attendance and achievement at the college level. Results suggests a dependent relationship between attendance and achievement, not a causal effect. Other factors include student motivation, student-instructor rapport, class size, and other factors. (Contains 11…

Donathan, David A.

2003-01-01

40

University Student Online Plagiarism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports a study investigating university student online plagiarism. The following questions are investigated: (a) What is the incidence of student online plagiarism? (b) What are student perceptions regarding online plagiarism? (c) Are there any differences in terms of student perceptions of online plagiarism and print plagiarism? (d) What factors contribute to student online plagiarism? (e) What is student

Yu-mei Wang

2008-01-01

41

The Importance of Directly Asking Students Their Reasons for Attending Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Few studies have directly asked undergraduate students their reasons for coming to institutions for higher learning and, instead, have been developed based on theoretical rationale. We asked undergraduate students to list all of their reasons for attending university and to indicate those most important. Overall, students reported more than five…

Kennett, Deborah J.; Reed, Maureen J.; Lam, Dianne

2011-01-01

42

Reasons to Attend College Among Ethnically Diverse College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

A survey of 713 ethnically diverse university freshmen (463 Latino, 167 Asian American, 54 African American, 29 European American) assessed reasons for attending college, ethnic identity, family interdependence, and college adjustment. Results revealed three reasons for attending college not reported in previous research: to help one's family, to prove one's self-worth, and because of encouragement. Attending college to help the

Jean S. Phinney; Jessica Dennis; Saloniki Osorio

2006-01-01

43

Boost Student Attendance by Following This Simple Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines the program that one high school used to increase its yearly average daily attendance by one percentage point. The program involves giving recognition to individual students and to groups of students. (IRT)

Armstead, Major, Jr.

1980-01-01

44

A Comparison of Attending and Non-Attending Junior High School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Because a large number of nonattending students had been retained in the first three grades, a nongraded or pass-fail system in early elementary grades was recommended to reduce the negative impact of failure on student performance. Incentives for attendance were also suggested. (JMF)|

Shelton, Jeffrey

1980-01-01

45

28 CFR 92.6 - What colleges or universities can I attend under the Police Corps?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...POLICING SERVICES (COPS) Police Corps Eligibility and Selection...universities can I attend under the Police Corps? (a) The choice...than a one-year program of training to prepare students for...institution is located. (c) A Police Corps scholarship only...

2009-07-01

46

28 CFR 92.6 - What colleges or universities can I attend under the Police Corps?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...POLICING SERVICES (COPS) Police Corps Eligibility and Selection...universities can I attend under the Police Corps? (a) The choice...than a one-year program of training to prepare students for...institution is located. (c) A Police Corps scholarship only...

2010-07-01

47

25 CFR 36.100 - Are there minimum requirements for student attendance checks?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Are there minimum requirements for student attendance checks? 36.100 Section... Are there minimum requirements for student attendance checks? Yes, there are minimum requirements for student attendance checks as follows:...

2011-04-01

48

CORE-OM Mental Health Norms of Students Attending University Counselling Services Benchmarked against an Age-Matched Primary Care Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Whilst concern has been expressed at the increasing severity of the mental health of students, there has been very little research on this growing population outside of small, single institution studies. The aims of this paper are to provide CORE Outcome Measure (CORE-OM) norms for the psychological health of students across multiple sites…

Connell, Janice; Barkham, Michael; Mellor-Clark, John

2007-01-01

49

The Impact of Gender on Binge Drinking Behavior Among U.S. College Students Attending a Midwestern University: An Analysis of Two Gender Measures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a critical feminist framework, the authors examine the relationship between gender role orientation and binge drinking among college students. Two measures of gender identity are employed: The Bem Sex Role Inventory and the Personal Attributes Questionnaire. The authors test the hypothesis that traditional masculine gender role orientation is predictive of contemporary binge drinking behavior among college students. Gender role

Robert L. Peralta; Jennifer L. Steele; Stacey Nofziger; Michael Rickles

2010-01-01

50

CORE-OM Mental Health Norms of Students Attending University Counselling Services Benchmarked against an Age-Matched Primary Care Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whilst concern has been expressed at the increasing severity of the mental health of students, there has been very little research on this growing population outside of small, single institution studies. The aims of this paper are to provide CORE Outcome Measure (CORE-OM) norms for the psychological health of students across multiple sites…

Connell, Janice; Barkham, Michael; Mellor-Clark, John

2007-01-01

51

Prevalence of Sufficient Physical Activity among Parents Attending a University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The benefits of regular physical activity are well documented. However, approximately half of all university students are insufficiently active, and no research to date exists on the activity behavior of university students who are also parents. Participants and Methods: Using an adapted version of the Godin Leisure Time Exercise…

Sabourin, Sharon; Irwin, Jennifer

2008-01-01

52

The CORE-OM Intake Norms of Students Attending a South African University Counseling Service: A Comparison with UK Counseling Service Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper provides CORE-OM intake norms for a South African university counseling service, and compares these to the United Kingdom counseling service data reported by Connell, Barkham and Mellor-Clark (2007). The South African norms are very similar to the United Kingdom norms, with no statistical differences in the total or domain scores.…

Young, Charles

2009-01-01

53

The CORE-OM intake norms of students attending a South African university counselling service: a comparison with UK counselling service data  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides CORE-OM intake norms for a South African university counselling service, and compares these to the United Kingdom counselling service data reported by Connell, Barkham and Mellor-Clark (2007). The South African norms are very similar to the United Kingdom norms, with no statistical differences in the total or domain scores. There were, however, statistically significant differences in the

Charles Young

2009-01-01

54

Students sample university life  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students from Yule Brook College in Maddington, Perth and Sacred Heart School in Beagle Bay were given an insight into life at a University recently when they visited The University of Notre Dame Australia’s Broome Campus.\\u000aThe Yule Brook students are all members of the Yule Brook Football Academy, one of six academies under the guidance of the Clontarf Foundation.

Michelle Ebbs

2006-01-01

55

Taiwanese university students’ perceptions of university life  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to describe Taiwanese university students’ perceptions of their lives and experiences on campus over the course of the university years. Thirty male and 30 female Taiwanese university students were interviewed and they shared retrospections and stories about university life and experiences. Seven themes that emerged from the data analysis were elaborated: phases of university

Yii-Nii Lin

2010-01-01

56

Attendance and Student Performance in Undergraduate Chemistry Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Numerous studies suggest that attendance may be one of the key factors which influence student performance. Although there have been many studies in introductory science courses, there have been virtually no studies which analyze and compare students' performance from different types of institutions as well as different level of classes. Our…

Lyubartseva, Ganna; Mallik, Uma Prasad

2012-01-01

57

Predicting the Retention of University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Survival analysis was used to model retention of 8,867 undergraduate students at Oregon State University from 1991 to 1996. Attrition increased with age and nonresident status; it decreased with higher high-school and first-quarter grades, and attendance in a freshman orientation course. Retention was also associated with race/ethnicity and…

Murtaugh, Paul A.; Burns, Leslie D.; Schuster, Jill

1999-01-01

58

‘Day students’ in higher education: widening access students and successful transitions to university life  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the experiences of widening access students at two prestigious universities in Scotland. It is based on interview data collected from a small sample of young and mature students who had all attended a widening access course prior to coming to university. The analysis centres on the students’ construction of themselves as ‘day students’, who live at home

Hazel Christie; Moira Munro; Fiona Wager

2005-01-01

59

Students' College Preparation Level Based on Quality Factors of the High School Attended  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present qualitative study examined the views and perspectives of five Executive Directors of Admissions of Midwestern colleges and universities to seek data on high school students' college preparation level based on the quality factors of the high school they attended. Interviews were conducted using multiple open-ended questions on various…

Richmond, Lori M.

2011-01-01

60

Alcohol and drug use in students attending a student health centre.  

PubMed

Alcohol and drug use amongst 3rd level students in Ireland is a concern and has been reported previously in the CLAN Survey. The aim of our study was to determine the alcohol and drug use and any alcohol associated adverse consequences amongst students attending the health centre of University College Cork (UCC). 178 (98.3%) of the 181 students who replied reported having ever drunk alcohol. 157 (91.3%) students drank spirits in the past year v 148 (86.5%) who drank beer/cider v 135 (78.5%) who drank wine. 81 (44.8%) students reported binge drinking at least once weekly. 48 (26.5%) students used cannabis in the past year v 12 (6.9%) who used cocaine and 7 (4%) who used ecstasy. All students who drink reported at least one adverse consequence. 114 (63%) of students report adverse consequences of other peoples drinking. The changing drinking behaviour of female students is of particular concern. PMID:21046861

Cahill, E; Byrne, M

2010-09-01

61

Do Attending Physicians, Nurses, Residents, and Medical Students Agree on What Constitutes Medical Student Abuse?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background Whether attending physicians, residents, nurses, and medical students agree on what constitutes medical student abuse, its severity, or influencing factors is unknown. Method We surveyed 237 internal medicine attending physicians, residents, medical students, and nurses at 13 medical schools after viewing five vignettes depicting potentially abusive behaviors. Results The majority of each group felt the belittlement, ethnic insensitivity, and

Paul E. Ogden; Edward H. Wu; Michael D. Elnicki; Michael J. Battistone; Lynn M. Cleary; Mark J. Fagan; Erica Friedman; Peter M. Gliatto; Heather E. Harrell; May S. Jennings; Cynthia H. Ledford; Alex J. Mechaber; Matthew Mintz; Matthew R. Thomas; Raymond Y. Wong

2005-01-01

62

Student Preparation Workbook for Outdoor School Attendance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Sixth grade students can prepare for the Multnomah County, Oregon, Outdoor School experience by completing the workbook designed to provide fundamental information about soil, water, plant, and animal resources. The workbook begins with an introduction to environmental manners, after which a section is devoted to each resource area. The glossary…

Gilfillan, Warren C.; And Others

63

Lecture Attendance Rates at University and Related Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a perception that university students have changed dramatically in their modes of learning in recent years, mainly due to their widespread use of the Internet as an information source, the change in student body due to the greater accessibility of third level education and changes in experience in second level education. Lectures,…

Kelly, Gabrielle E.

2012-01-01

64

Students’ satisfaction and perceptions of attending physicians’ and residents’ teaching role  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Changes in the health care system imply that fewer patients will be admitted to hospitals and attending physicians will be devoting more time to clinical activities with less time for student education.Methods: Surveys of third-year students were conducted for 5 consecutive years at Jefferson Medical College at the end of the required 6-week surgical clerkship at the university hospital

Gang Xu; Philip Wolfson; Mary Robeson; Joseph F. Rodgers; J. Jon Veloski; Timothy P. Brigham

1998-01-01

65

Medical Student Attendance at Non-compulsory Lectures  

Microsoft Academic Search

The General Medical Council in the UK recommends that undergraduate medical students be exposed to a variety of learning opportunities\\u000a and increasingly take responsibility for their own learning. This study presents quantitative and qualitative data relating\\u000a to attendance at non-compulsory plenary lectures in order to understand factors affecting the value placed by students on\\u000a this component of the first 2 years

Karen Mattick; Graham Crocker; John Bligh

2007-01-01

66

Prevalence and Correlates of Self-Injury among University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: The authors' purpose in this research was to establish estimates of the prevalence and correlates of nonsuicidal self-injury among university students. Participants: The authors recruited participants (N = 2, 843) from a random sample of 5, 021 undergraduate and graduate students attending a large midwestern public university. Methods:…

Gollust, Sarah Elizabeth; Eisenberg, Daniel; Golberstein, Ezra

2008-01-01

67

Editor's Note: The following article is reprinted (with updated format editions) from The Journal of Volunteer Administration, 2005, 23(4), pp. 31-40 Volunteering: A Comparison of the Motivations of Collegiate Students Attending Different Types of Institutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

College-aged young adults spend significant amounts of time in voluntary activities and may represent an important pool of future volunteers. Consequently, understanding the motivations for volunteering, of students attending different types of colleges and universities, appears to be worthwhile. Do individuals attending different types of universities possess differing motivations to volunteer? The results suggest that students attending different types of

Mark Toncar; Jane Reid; Cynthia Anderson; Cassandra Wells

68

International Mindedness of Native Students as a Function of the Type of School Attended and Gender: The Qatari Case  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The international mindedness of native Qatari students attending public, magnet and international schools was examined on three domains: awareness of other cultures, universal affiliation and cultural tolerance. The findings showed that although Qatari students scored high on international mindedness in general, no significant differences were…

Baker, Ahmad M.; Kanan, Hana M.

2005-01-01

69

Student Leadership at the University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The focus of this article is about the utilization of student leadership at the University. Based on research, student leadership opportunities at the university have been frequently at a low percentage (Zimmerman, Burkhart, 2002). The researcher identifies practical ways to involve students in various leadership activities. Emphases are placed…

Hilliard, Ann T.

2010-01-01

70

Mansfield University Student Teaching Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication is a practical manual to guide the joint efforts of the student teaching triad--student teacher, cooperating teacher, and university supervisor. The manual is divided into three parts. Chapters 1, 2, and 3 give an overview of Mansfield University's teacher education and student teaching programs, including a description of…

Woollen, Sandra L., Ed.

71

A day in the life of a University student  

Microsoft Academic Search

The University of Notre Dame Australia’s Fremantle Campus held its annual “A day in the life of a University student” last week where around 180 high school students from years 10 through to 12 were able to experience life on campus.\\u000aThe students attending were from a range of High Schools including Santa Maria College, Methodist Ladies College, Bunbury Cathedral

Michelle Ebbs

2005-01-01

72

To Attend or Not to Attend? Why Some Students Chose School and Others Reject It  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article considers the issues of attendance and non-attendance, the latter of which has been recently linked with "behaviour" in a range of policy initiatives in England. John Dwyfor Davies and John Lee review some of the existing material on non-attendance and then draw on data they have collected in one large English city. The authors…

Davies, John Dwyfor; Lee, John

2006-01-01

73

Gender Differences in Perceived Role Conflict among University Student-Athletes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Perceptions of role conflict of university student-athletes were explored, with a focus on differences in perceptions of role conflict between female and male student-athletes. Data were collected from 169 university student-athletes attending a southeastern university using a group administered questionnaire. Analysis of a ten item role conflict…

Lance, Larry M.

2004-01-01

74

Who Attends and Completes Virtual Universities: The Case of the Open University of Catalonia (UOC)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A highly touted feature of the so-called global "revolution" in higher education is the trend to use information technology to reach a broader clientele. Although there is evidence that students may be learning the material in on-line courses as well as in traditional face-to-face universities, how well students learn content is not the only…

Carnoy, Martin; Rabling, Brenda Jarillo; Castano-Munoz, Jonatan; Montoliu, Josep Maria Duart; Sancho-Vinuesa, Teresa

2012-01-01

75

Student Resource Survey of Selected New Jersey Residents Attending College in Another State 1975.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Information on New Jersey students attending out-of-state collegiate institutions was gathered from an out-of-state, full-time undergraduate student population. Identified are patterns of personal, academic, and financial characteristics and institutional choice. The sample was limited to students attending collegiate institutions in the ten…

New Jersey State Dept. of Higher Education, Trenton.

76

Differences in Students' Motivation to Attend College: Large versus Small High Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The current study examined the relationship between the variables: school size, motivation, and college attendance to determine if the size of a student's high school, along with his/her motivational tendencies, influenced the student's choice to pursue a college education. Data was gathered from college students attending a small mid-west…

Horyna, Brittney; Bonds-Raacke, Jennifer M.

2012-01-01

77

Student Resource Survey of Selected New Jersey Residents Attending College in Another State 1975.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information on New Jersey students attending out-of-state collegiate institutions was gathered from an out-of-state, full-time undergraduate student population. Identified are patterns of personal, academic, and financial characteristics and institutional choice. The sample was limited to students attending collegiate institutions in the ten…

New Jersey State Dept. of Higher Education, Trenton.

78

High school students get a taste for university life  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over 200 high school students experienced ‘Uni life’ last week at The University of Notre Dame Australia’s annual ‘A Day in the Life’ event.\\u000aProspective students from years 10, 11 and 12 took tertiary education for a test drive - attending lecture sessions and classes on both the Broadway and Darlinghurst Campuses. Students took the chance to learn about children’s

Moira Saunders

2010-01-01

79

Attendance at Alcohol-Free and Alcohol-Service Parties and Alcohol Consumption among College Students  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine attendance at alcohol-service and alcohol-free parties among college students, and to compare alcohol consumption on nights of these parties. Method A random sample of 556 students (38.6% male) completed a web survey that measured past-semester alcohol use, alcohol-service party attendance, alcohol-free party attendance, and alcohol consumed on the nights of recent parties. Results Participants were twice as likely to attend alcohol-service parties as they were to attend alcohol-free parties (90% vs. 44%). First-year students and Black students were more likely than other students to attend alcohol-free parties. Alcohol use was higher in students who attended alcohol-service parties but there were no differences in levels of alcohol use between students who attended alcohol-free parties and those who did not. Pre-gaming was more prevalent, but number of drinks and intoxication were lower on nights of alcohol-free parties than on nights of alcohol-service parties. Conclusions The lack of association between attendance at alcohol-free parties and alcohol use indicates both heavy and light drinkers attend these parties. The lower drinking and intoxication on alcohol-free party nights suggests alcohol-free programming should be investigated to determine if it may reduce alcohol use on college campuses.

Wei, Jill; Barnett, Nancy P.; Clark, Melissa

2010-01-01

80

University Students: Attainment and Sport  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The extent to which 230 university students following a one-year psychology course were 'active' (i.e., competitively or recreationally involved) in sport or 'non-participant' was compared with their scores on measures of personality, attitude, social class, sex, previous school involvement in sport, and attainment in university course work.…

Hendry, L. B.; Douglass, L.

1975-01-01

81

Elite Destinations: Pathways to Attending an Ivy League University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As higher education expands and becomes more differentiated, patterns of class stratification remain deeply entrenched, in part due to class-based differences in college choice. A qualitative study of 50 Yale students shows the effects of social class, high schools and peers on students' pathways to college. For students from wealthy and highly…

Mullen, Ann L.

2009-01-01

82

The Effects of Participation in School Instrumental Music Programs on Student Academic Achievement and School Attendance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined whether or not students that participated in a school sponsored instrumental music program had higher academic achievement and attendance than students that did not participate in a school sponsor instrumental music program. Units of measurement included standardized test scores and attendance, without taking into…

Davenport, Kevin O.

2010-01-01

83

The Effects of Andragogical Teacher Training on Adult Students' Attendance and Evaluation of Their Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study tested two hypotheses (1) student attendance will be better in classes taught by andragogically trained teachers and (2) students will evalute such teachers more positively. The experimental group received nine hours of andragogy training. Results indicate that the treatment had a significant, positive effect on attendance, but no effect…

Beder, Hal; Carrea, Natalino

1988-01-01

84

Lecture Attendance and Web Based Lecture Technologies: A Comparison of Student Perceptions and Usage Patterns  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper investigates the impact of web based lecture recordings on learning and attendance at lectures. Student opinions regarding the perceived value of the recordings were evaluated in the context of usage patterns and final marks, and compared with attendance data and student perceptions regarding the usefulness of lectures. The…

von Konsky, Brian R.; Ivins, Jim; Gribble, Susan J.

2009-01-01

85

Experiences of Conservative Orthodox Christian Students Attending Public Secular Accredited Counseling and Counseling Psychology Graduate Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the experiences of conservative orthodox Christian students attending public, secular, accredited counseling and counseling psychology graduate programs. Conservative orthodox Christian students who were attending public, secular, accredited counseling and counseling psychology graduate programs were recruited by email. A prescreening interview was conducted with each respondent. Seven respondents participated in three rounds

Paul Schaefer

2006-01-01

86

Student and Teacher Attendance: The Role of Shared Goods in Reducing Absenteeism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A theoretical model is advanced that demonstrates that, if teacher and student attendance generate a shared good, then teacher and student attendance will be mutually reinforcing. Using data from the Northwest Frontier Province of Pakistan, empirical evidence supporting that proposition is advanced. Controlling for the endogeneity of teacher and…

Banerjee, Ritwik; King, Elizabeth M.; Orazem, Peter F.; Paterno, Elizabeth M.

2012-01-01

87

Smokeless Tobacco Consumption by Mexican-American University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A modified version of the Illinois Department of Public Health Tobacco Use Survey was used to assess smokeless tobacco consumption among students attending a state university in New Mexico. Respondents included 65 male and 83 female Mexican-Americans, as well as 59 male and 118 female Anglo-Americans. Ages ranged from 16 to 67; subgroup median…

Lopez, Linda C.

88

Smokeless Tobacco Consumption by Mexican-American University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A modified version of the Illinois Department of Public Health Tobacco Use Survey was used to assess smokeless tobacco consumption among students attending a state university in New Mexico. Respondents included 65 male and 83 female Mexican-Americans, as well as 59 male and 118 female Anglo-Americans. Ages ranged from 16 to 67; subgroup median…

Lopez, Linda C.

89

Temple University Persistence Rates for Community College of Philadelphia Transfer Students. Report #118.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Temple University has been the transfer institute most frequently attended by Community College of Philadelphia graduates and former students. This report provides short and long-term persistence rates of college students who transfer to Temple University (Pennsylvania). During fall semesters between 1988 and 1998, 22,248 students were admitted…

Philadelphia Community Coll., PA. Office of Institutional Research.

90

A study to find out the preferred free e-mail services used by university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to investigate the free e-mail usage of students in the technology departments of the university, and also to learn which free e-mail service the participants prefer. The volunteer participants in this study consisted of 150 undergraduate students attending the Near East University in Northern Cyprus. 50 students from Department of Computer Information Systems (CIS),

Nadire Cavus; Hüseyin Bicen

2009-01-01

91

Exploring medical student decisions regarding attending live lectures and using recorded lectures.  

PubMed

Background: Student decisions about lecture attendance are based on anticipated effect on learning. Factors involved in decision-making, the use of recorded lectures and their effect on lecture attendance, all warrant investigation. Aim: This study was designed to identify factors in student decisions to attend live lectures, ways in which students use recorded lectures, and if their use affects live lecture attendance. Methods: A total of 213 first (M1) and second year (M2) medical students completed a survey about lecture attendance, and rated factors related to decisions to attend live lectures and to utilize recorded lectures. Responses were analyzed overall and by class year and gender. Results: M1 attended a higher percentage of live lectures than M2, while both classes used the same percentage of recorded lectures. Females attended more live lectures, and used a smaller percentage of recorded lectures. The lecturer was a key in attendance decisions. Also considered were the subject and availability of other learning materials. Students use recorded lectures as replacement for live lectures and as supplement to them. Conclusions: Lectures, both live and recorded, are important for student learning. Decisions about lecture placement in the curriculum need to be based on course content and lecturer quality. PMID:23869431

Gupta, Anmol; Saks, Norma Susswein

2013-07-22

92

University Student Perceptions of the Relationship between University Education and the Labour Market in Egypt and Oman  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|How do university students perceive the key relationship between their university education and the labour market? This article describes the perceptions that 827 Egyptian and Omani seniors--both males and females, studying commerce, education, and engineering--hold about that relationship. For these students, a major motivation for attending

Al-Harthi, Hamood K.

2011-01-01

93

Study-MATE: Using Text Messaging to Support Student Transition to University Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Students are most likely to drop out of university when first attending. This article analyses the use of technology in supporting the transition process of "first time" university students enrolled in a second-year accounting course. Study-MATE, a study skills program utilising the university's learning management system (LMS)--Blackboard,…

Cahir, Jayde; Huber, Elaine; Handal, Boris; Dutch, Justin; Nixon, Mark

2012-01-01

94

34 CFR 694.20 - When may a GEAR UP grantee provide services to students attending an institution of higher...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...students attending an institution of higher education? 694.20 Section 694...attending an institution of higher education? (a) The Secretary authorizes...attending an institution of higher education if the State or...

2013-07-01

95

Meeting the Needs of International Students at Dominican University of California.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study surveyed the academic needs of international students at Dominican University of California and compared the reported needs of these students with those of the larger population of international students. Of the 55 surveys distributed, 38 were returned. Survey results show that a large percentage of international students attending

Haydon, Lisa

96

Taiwanese University Students' Conceptions of Counseling  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to describe and discuss Taiwanese university students' conceptions of counseling. A qualitative method was used to analyze 60 in-depth interviews from 30 male and 30 female students at a national university in central Taiwan. Results indicated that Taiwanese university students recognized the importance of counseling services to students and citizens, even though most of

Yii-Nii Lin

2001-01-01

97

Relationship between attendance at breakfast and school achievement among nursing students.  

PubMed

This survey by correlation study with partial qualitative design examined the effect of attendance at breakfast with school achievement in 710 first-year nursing students at a nursing institute in Northern Taiwan. Dietary attendance cards were scanned by computer before each meal. Since the school is located at a geographically isolated suburban area, this program was compulsory for all first-year nursing students and was included in the tuition fee. Comparison of attendance at breakfast over the four-month semester (from September 1999 to January 2000) and final semester class ranking showed a lower attending rate of breakfast (attendance at breakfast equal to or under 60% of mean times in a 4-month semester) was significantly associated with lower scores on tests in six individual classes and a class rank; while a higher frequency of breakfast attendance (attendance at breakfast equal to or over 85% of mean times in a 4-month semester) was significantly associated with higher scores on tests in six individual classes and a higher class rank (p <.001). To determine the relationships between frequency of attending breakfast and practicing health promotion behaviors, the Chinese Health Promoting Scale was used. We also found that those who skipped breakfast frequently had more negative health promotion behaviors than those who attended breakfast more regularly (p <.001). These results indicate that school achievement is negatively affected when nursing students omit breakfast. The research outcome supports the importance of breakfast in school achievement. PMID:11923897

Chen, Mei-Yen; Liao, Jenny C

2002-03-01

98

Factors that Impact Two-Year College Attendance and Program Enrollment among Community College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research suggests that numerous factors affect community college attendance. Therefore, when students choose to attend community college, those factors often are key aspects of their decisions. Nonetheless, limited information exists that identifies which particular traits affect community college choice and how the background characteristics of…

McCullough, Aaron Keith

2010-01-01

99

Integrating Effective and Beneficial Interventions to Increase Student Attendance in an Elementary School Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The action research study revealed the effectiveness of recent interventions to the attendance process of a single elementary school located in the Southern United States. The study evaluated the benefits and impact of the interventions, and other possible interventions to increase student attendance. An explanation of each intervention is…

Peek, Sarah D.

2009-01-01

100

Motion Picture Attendance and Factors Influencing Movie Selection among High School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In an audience research study, 64 high school students responded to a questionnaire concerning their movie attendance habits and the importance of ten variables to their decision-making process when choosing a movie to see. The results indicated that 26.6% attended movies once a month, 23.4% twice monthly, 6.3% three times a month, 4.7% four…

Austin, Bruce A.

101

A Comparative Analysis of Preschool Attendance and Reading Achievement among Second-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preschool attendance is considered an important factor for predicting later success in literacy achievement. This quantitative ex-post facto study examined whether attendance of public prekindergarten is related to improved reading achievement in 2nd grade students in a rural, southeastern school district. The learning theories of Piaget, Bandura,…

Burton, Kelly Latham

2011-01-01

102

An Output Comparison of Open University and Conventional University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study comparing Open University (OU) and conventional university (CU) student performance in economics shows OU students even with CU students in microeconomics and higher in macroeconomics. The research was controlled for both test-wiseness, previous experience, and representativeness of OU students. (MSE)

Lumsden, Keith; Scott, Alex

1982-01-01

103

Comparison of health-risk behaviors among students attending alternative and traditional high schools in Minnesota.  

PubMed

Previous research, over a decade old, suggests students attending alternative high schools (AHS) engage in high levels of health-risk behaviors. Data from the 2007 Minnesota Student Survey for students attending AHS (n = 2,847) and traditional high schools (THS; n = 87,468) were used for this cross-sectional analysis to compare prevalence estimates, adjusted for age, race/ethnicity, and free and reduced lunch, for 28 health-risk behaviors. Students attending AHS were significantly more likely than students attending THS to report engaging in all behaviors related to unintentional injury and violence, tobacco use, alcohol and other drug use, and sexual activity, and were significantly less likely to report participating in physical activity, including sports teams. Students attending AHS continue to engage in high levels of health-risk behaviors as compared to their peers in THS. Updated national prevalence data were needed, as well as studies examining the role of protective factors in the lives of students attending AHS. PMID:23263265

Johnson, Karen E; McMorris, Barbara J; Kubik, Martha Y

2012-12-20

104

Sources of Stress for Greek Students with Intellectual Disabilities Attending Mainstream Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students with intellectual disabilities often experience school-related stress. As a result, they are confronted with many difficulties in their daily school life. The goal of this study was to assess situations of school life that students attending Greek mainstream settings are likely to experience as stressful. Twenty students with mild…

Soulis, Spiridon-Georgios; Floridis, Theodore

2010-01-01

105

Success Predictors for Students to Attend AFIT Department of Systems Management Master's Degree Programs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The author investigated the prediction of academic success among systems management and operations research master's degree students. He analyzed a population of 223 male USAF officers who attended AFIT from 1971 through 1976. Graduate grade point average...

R. W. Keith

1977-01-01

106

Metabolic syndrome among students attending a historically black college: prevalence and gender differences  

PubMed Central

Background There are limited data on the prevalence rate of Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) among college students attending any Historically Black College and University (HBCU), which are mostly attended by young African Americans (AA). We report the prevalence and gender differences in the components of MetS in a sample population from an HBCU campus. Methods Three hundred and seventy six (218 females and 158 males) first year college students (average age 19.8 years), attending Kentucky State University, Frankfort with no prior diagnosis of illness participated in the cross sectional study. Anthropometric screenings included measurement of height, weight, waist circumference and body mass index (BMI). The clinical screenings included measurement of blood pressure and determination of fasting lipid and glucose concentrations. The National Cholesterol Education Program’s Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP ATP III) and International Diabetes Federation (IDF) definitions for MetS were applied. Statistics: Analysis of variance (ANOVA) scores on the Means procedure were used to examine differences between genders for all anthropometric, clinical and biochemical parameters. Fisher’s exact chi-square tests were used to analyze the prevalence of MetS criteria per gender, the number of MetS criteria per BMI category and the prevalence of MetS criteria. Significance was set at p ? 0.05 for all tests. Results Prevalence rates for MetS criteria varied depending on the definition used. According to the NCEP ATP definition, 31.4% of the sample population had at least 1 criterion for MetS, while 20.7% had 2 criteria. When IDF definition was applied, 21.3% sample population had 1 criterion and 17.5% had at least two criteria. Prevalence was highest for low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (37.3%) and elevated fasting glucose (22.1%). On the basis of the NCEP ATP and IDF definitions, overall prevalence of MetS in the total sample was 12%, and 9.3% respectively. Conclusions HBCUs offer a unique opportunity to monitor and address the risk factors of MetS in a predominantly young AA population. There is a higher prevalence of MetS in this study population than any other reports on college students.

2013-01-01

107

Effectiveness of an Intensive Learning Skills Course for University Students on Restricted Enrolment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prior to the commencement of the 1994 academic year, University of Auckland students who had failed one?half or more of their papers in the previous year were invited to attend a four?day intensive learning skills course conducted by the Student Learning Centre of the University. The course covered various topics such as effective time management and study organisation, preparing for

Emmanuel Manalo; Marcus Henning

1996-01-01

108

How Do University Literature Students Understand the Learning Contents of Sound Taught at School?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study aims at exploring university students' knowledge of sound, especially their understandings of sound phenomena taught in formal science classrooms at junior high school. The participants are 30 university students attending literary courses. They were selected because they were considered to have had few opportunities to formally…

Takashi, Kawanabe

2011-01-01

109

The Role of Basic Needs Fulfillment in Prediction of Subjective Well-Being among University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of this study is to examine the role of fulfillment level of university students' basic needs in predicting the level of their subjective well being. The participants were 627 students (56% female, 44% male) attending different faculties of Pamukkale University. In this study, subjective well being was measured with Life Satisfaction…

Turkdogan, Turgut; Duru, Erdinc

2012-01-01

110

The Study of Sequential Student Participation in University in a Changing Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The factors influencing attendance at Brandon University, Manitoba, Canada, by 1978 high school graduates were studied. Students who had participated in the Post-Secondary Demand and Enrollment Survey of November 1977 and had selected Brandon University as their first choice institution, and randomly selected students who had applied and been…

Lam, Jack; Hoffman, Ben

111

Factors Associated with the Psychological Well-Being and Distress of University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Because of the serious nature of psychiatric illness and related problems, the authors attempted to identify demographic, individual, and behavioral factors linked to university students' psychological health. Participants: They surveyed 353 (60.9% female) predominately Caucasian (88.7%) university students attending a large public…

Burris, Jessica L.; Brechting, Emily H.; Salsman, John; Carlson, Charles R.

2009-01-01

112

Effective Dropout Prevention and College Attendance Programs for Latino Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reviews research related to effective secondary school programs aimed at dropout prevention and increasing college enrollment rates for at-risk Latino youth. The review identifies programs that have demonstrated a significant impact on dropout rates, college attendance, school performance, or related outcomes in rigorous evaluations;…

Fashola, Olatokunbo S.; Slavin, Robert E.

113

STARR (Student Tutoring, Tournament, Attendance Monitoring, Relaxation Training, Retention Goals): A Student Oriented Curriculum Designed with Retention in Mind.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A student-oriented curriculum approach was developed at Edison Community College to encourage retention and sustain students' interest in classes. The five elements of the program are student tutoring, a tournament, attendance monitoring, relaxation training, and retention goals (STARR). The tutorial component involves study teams of four or five…

Girard, J. E.

114

[Alcohol consumption by university students].  

PubMed

Consumption of alcoholic beverages is widely encouraged by the mass media, despite the related health risks. Today's students in the health fields are the professionals of tomorrow who will be providing advice and serving as role models for patients. The aim of this study was to analyze alcohol consumption and related factors among these students. A total of 608 male and female university students from Maceió, the capital of Alagoas State, Brazil, completed a self-administered questionnaire. Data analysis included Poisson regression and multinomial logistic models. Prevalence of lifetime use of alcohol was 90.4%. Prevalence of alcohol abuse was 18.3% in men and 6.1% in women. Heavier alcohol consumption and alcohol abuse were observed in males, older students, non-natives of Maceió, smokers, and those exposed to alcohol advertising. The results emphasized the vulnerability of these young people to risky health behaviors. Their future social role highlights distinct needs in their university education to enable them to act professionally in this area. PMID:21877009

Pedrosa, Adriano Antonio da Silva; Camacho, Luiz Antonio Bastos; Passos, Sônia Regina Lambert; Oliveira, Raquel de Vasconcellos Carvalhaes de

2011-08-01

115

Learning Environment Perceptions of European University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a study of the experiences of 610 Dutch students and 241 other European students who studied at least three months abroad in an international exchange program. Students' perceptions of eight characteristics of the university learning environment were measured concerning the home university, the host university, and the ideal learning…

Wierstra, Ronny F. A.; Kanselaar, Gellof; van der Linden, Jos L.; Lodewijks, Hans G. L. C.

1999-01-01

116

Use of cognitive enhancement medication among northern Italian university students.  

PubMed

This study assesses the use of cognitive enhancement medication among university students in Northern Italy. It was conducted as a cross-sectional analysis on the basis of a paper-and-pencil survey of 77 undergraduate students attending courses in the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Milan, Milano, Italy. Although the share of students who have taken cognitive enhancement medication themselves in the past is still small (16%), the use of these drugs is rather common and freely communicated in some social circles. Enhancing the ability to study outside of the class was students' primary motive for use. Students who think that there is no or an acceptable risk involved in cognitive enhancement medication are more likely to take drugs and dietary supplements than those who perceive the risk as high. PMID:22456492

Castaldi, Silvana; Gelatti, Umberto; Orizio, Grazia; Hartung, Uwe; Moreno-Londono, Ana Maria; Nobile, Marta; Schulz, Peter J

2012-06-01

117

Improving the Student Experience: A Practical Guide for Universities and Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The landscape of higher education (HE) has dramatically altered in the past 30 years and it continues to evolve and change. More students are entering HE and attending university or college on a global scale than ever before. Supporting and enhancing the undergraduate student experience across the student lifecycle, from first contact through to…

Morgan, Michelle, Ed.

2011-01-01

118

The Student Experience at York University: The Effects of Income, Race, and Gender over Four Years.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report presents findings of a longitudinal study of student experiences and how they relate to college outcomes. The study was begun in 1994 and followed approximately 550 students attending the six daytime faculties at York University (Ontario) to the end of 1998. Data included yearly student surveys, focus group meetings conducted with…

Grayson, J. Paul

119

Adjustment Problems of Foreign Students in U.S. Colleges and Universities. Q&A.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Large numbers of foreign students attend United States colleges and universities, and the institutions can play a major role in facilitating the students' adjustment to life in a new culture. The foreign students' most common problems include homesickness, finances, housing and food, English language proficiency, understanding lectures and…

Meloni, Christine F.

120

Improving the Student Experience: A Practical Guide for Universities and Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The landscape of higher education (HE) has dramatically altered in the past 30 years and it continues to evolve and change. More students are entering HE and attending university or college on a global scale than ever before. Supporting and enhancing the undergraduate student experience across the student lifecycle, from first contact through to…

Morgan, Michelle, Ed.

2011-01-01

121

University students’ context-dependent conscious attitudes towards the official South African languages  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers the results of an empirical investigation of overt language attitudes held by students attending North-West University, South Africa. Attitudes elicited from 325 students with mainly Setswana, Sesotho, Afrikaans and English as home languages are analysed comparatively. The study explores the relationship between language preferences in an educational environment and language preferences in other domains of students’ daily

Nanna Haug Hilton

2010-01-01

122

Attending to Student Epistemological Framing in a Science Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies of learning in school settings indicate that many students frame activities in science classes as the production of answers for the teacher or test, rather than as making new sense of the natural world. A case study of an episode from a class taught by the first author demonstrates what productive and unproductive student framing can look…

Hutchison, Paul; Hammer, David

2010-01-01

123

Does Aid Matter? Measuring the Effect of Student Aid on College Attendance and Completion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Does student aid increase college attendance or simply subsidize costs for infra-marginal students? Settling the question empirically is a challenge, because aid is correlated with many characteristics that influence educational investment decisions. A shift in financial aid policy that affects some youth but not others can provide an identifying source of variation in aid. In 1982, Congress eliminated the Social

Susan M. Dynarski

1999-01-01

124

Sex Differences between College Students and Their Parents about Reasons for Attending College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College freshmen (N=107) and both parents completed questionnaires on reasons for attending college. The results revealed that students and their parents had somewhat different perspectives on the value of a college education. Small differences were found between men and women. Traditional stereotypes of why students go to college did not apply to…

Connor, Jane Marantz; And Others

1988-01-01

125

Characteristics of Bullies and Victims among Students with Emotional Disturbance Attending Approved Private Special Education Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study was to describe rates and types of bullying and victimization among 407 students with emotional disturbance (ED) in grades 6 through 10 attending private approved special education schools in New Jersey. These students anonymously completed the Olweus Bullying Questionnaire. Results indicated that compared with a general…

Carran, Deborah T.; Kellner, Millicent H.

2009-01-01

126

Motivational Attitudes toward Participating in Physical Activity among International Students Attending Colleges in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate motivational attitudes toward participating in physical activity among international students attending colleges in the United States. Five-hundred twenty-one students participated in this study. The results indicated that the factors of organic development ("keeping good health and physical condition,…

Yoh, Taeho

2009-01-01

127

Elimination of Drooling by an Adolescent Student with Autism Attending Public High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We evaluated a multicomponent intervention that successfully eliminated drooling by a 17-year-old student with autism who attended a public high school. The student was taught to perform compensatory responses (wiping his mouth and swallowing saliva), received positive reinforcement for having a "dry mouth," and was given opportunities to monitor…

Kay, Shannon; Harchik, Alan E.; Luiselli, James K.

2006-01-01

128

Getting Down to Business: Home Attendant Service, Module 26. [Student Guide]. Entrepreneurship Training Components.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module on owning and operating a home attendant service is one of 36 in a series on entrepreneurship. The introduction tells the student what topics will be covered and suggests other modules to read in related occupations. Each unit includes student goals, a case study, and a discussion of the unit subject matter. Learning activities are…

Sanderson, Barbara

129

Student Decisions to Attend Public Two-Year Community Colleges  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined reasons for student choice of a specific community college. The site of the study is a west Texas public, two-year institution with 4,674 students, full- and part-time, as of fall 2008. The top six reasons for selection were transferability of courses, available academic programs and quality, campus location, cost, available educational facilities and technology, and advice from

Yvette Barreno; Carol Ann Traut

2012-01-01

130

Associations between classroom CO2 concentrations and student attendance in Washington and Idaho  

SciTech Connect

Student attendance in American public schools is a critical factor in securing limited operational funding. Student and teacher attendance influence academic performance. Limited data exist on indoor air and environmental quality (IEQ) in schools, and how IEQ affects attendance, health, or performance. This study explored the association of student absence with measures of indoor minus outdoor carbon dioxide concentration (dCO{sub 2}). Absence and dCO{sub 2} data were collected from 409 traditional and 25 portable classrooms from 14 schools located in six school districts in the states of Washington and Idaho. Study classrooms had individual heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems, except two classrooms without mechanical ventilation. Classroom attributes, student attendance and school-level ethnicity, gender, and socioeconomic status (SES) were included in multivariate modeling. Forty-five percent of classrooms studied had short-term indoor CO{sub 2} concentrations above 1000 parts-per-million (ppm). A 1000 ppm increase in dCO{sub 2} was associated (p < 0.05) with a 0.5% to 0.9% decrease in annual average daily attendance (ADA), corresponding to a relative 10% to 20% increase in student absence. Outside air (ventilation) rates estimated from dCO{sub 2} and other collected data were not associated with absence. Annual ADA was 2% higher (p < 0.0001) in traditional than in portable classrooms.

Shendell, Derek G.; Prill, Richard; Fisk, William J.; Apte, Michael G.; Blake, David; Faulkner, David

2004-01-01

131

Students' Perception of University Teaching Behaviours  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the paper is to explore students' perception of university teaching behaviours in Pakistan. Three hundred and fifty students from the six public sector Pakistani universities returned questionnaires. Assessment framework, learning activities and instructional strategies emerged from factor analysis as common factors. Students' views…

Ali, Akhtar; Tariq, Riaz H.; Topping, J.

2009-01-01

132

University Student Satisfaction: An Empirical Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research is to gain an empirical understanding of students' overall satisfaction with their academic university experiences. A hierarchal model is used as a framework for this analysis. Fifteen hypotheses are formulated and tested, in order to identify the dimensions of service quality as perceived by university students, to examine students' overall satisfaction with influential factors such

Michael D. Clemes; Christopher E. C. Gan; Tzu-Hui Kao

2008-01-01

133

University Students' Media Habits: A Lithuanian Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study replicated a 1994 study, "College Students' Media Habits: A National Study." In the present study, Lithuanian university students' media habits relative to American students' media habits were gauged. A total of 1500 survey questionnaires were distributed to 7 of the 16 Lithuanian universities. Background biographical questions were…

Kamalipour, Yahya R.; And Others

134

Students' Perception of University Teaching Behaviours  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of the paper is to explore students' perception of university teaching behaviours in Pakistan. Three hundred and fifty students from the six public sector Pakistani universities returned questionnaires. Assessment framework, learning activities and instructional strategies emerged from factor analysis as common factors. Students'…

Ali, Akhtar; Tariq, Riaz H.; Topping, J.

2009-01-01

135

The Relationship of Electronic Grade Book Access to Student Achievement, Student Attendance, and Parent-Teacher Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Increasing access to online databases from home has raised the value of computer use for retrieving student achievement information. This study's purpose was to examine the relationship of family use of an electronic reporting mechanism in the home to student achievement, attendance, and home-school communication. Using communication as a parent…

Mathern, Mark S.

2009-01-01

136

Prevalence of Depressive Symptoms among University Students in Oman  

PubMed Central

Objectives To study the prevalence of depressive symptoms and its association with gender, academic year, and college among university students in Oman. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted among Omani students attending the students’ clinic of the Sultan Qaboos University (SQU). A systematic sampling of students, males and females, from different colleges, who visited the clinic during the study period, was carried out. The self-administered Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) was used to screen for propensity to depression. Results A total of 481 students participated in the study (243 males and 238 females). Overall, 133 (27.7%) of the participants (66 males and 67 females) had depression of various grades based on the PHQ-9 diagnostic criteria using a cut point of more than 11. Depression score at the cut point of 11 was not statistically associated with gender, college and the academic year. Conclusion Tendency for depression might be a common health problem among college students in Oman attending primary health care facilities. Further research on socio-demographic characteristics and the effect of depression on the academic performance is needed.

Al-Busaidi, Zakiya; Bhargava, Kamlesh; Al-Ismaily, Aida; Al-Lawati, Hadia; Al-Kindi, Rahma; Al-Shafaee, Mohammad; Al-Maniri, Abdullah

2011-01-01

137

Psychosocial predictors of anger among university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anger is regarded as one of the basic human emotions and has been linked to adverse health outcomes. The purpose of this study was to investigate mental health predictors of anger among university students in Jordan. Methods: A sample of 241 university students from private and governmental universities in Jordan answered self-report questionnaires that include state-trait anger, perceived social support,

Ayman M. Hamdan-Mansour; Latefa A. Dardas; Hani Nawafleh; Mohammad H. Abu-Asba

2012-01-01

138

Disaster Vulnerability of University Student Populations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Student populations at Gulf Coast universities and colleges are subjected to multiple forces working together making them an especially vulnerable sub-group to hazards. Research has suggested that college students represent a segment of the population that hazards research has frequently overlooked and maybe not fully appreciated in university emergency planning. Most prior research has focused on university disaster experiences, highlighting

Jamie Lynn Auletta

2012-01-01

139

Attending and Responding to Student Thinking in Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We present a class discussion that took place in the second author's high school biology class. Working from video data that we transcribed, studied, and analyzed closely, we recount how the question "Is air matter?" posed at the beginning of a unit on photosynthesis led to student-driven inquiry and learning. This case study illustrates what we…

Levin, Daniel M.; Grant, Terrence; Hammer, David

2012-01-01

140

Smoking at School: Views of Turkish University Students  

PubMed Central

The recent interest in cigarette smoking among university students has brought attention to problems concerning opinions, attitudes, prevention, health education, policy formulation and implementation. This survey research tested five hypotheses on the views of college students about smoking in school hallways and cafeteria, compliance with anti smoking laws, considering cigarette smoking as an expression of freedom of choice, teachers’ smoking in classrooms and in their offices, and school administration’s policy on enforcing the law. Hypothesized differences between students’ views on the issues according to gender, smoking status and years at school were investigated. Data were obtained from 3,659 students attending six universities in Ankara, Turkey. The study findings provided support for all the hypothesized differences (except a single issue). Males and females differed significantly on all the issues studied. The majority of nonsmoking students have anti-smoking views in regards of the studied issues as compared to regular and occasional smokers. Smokers and nonsmokers markedly disagree on banning cigarette smoking in the cafeteria and hallways. However, the majority of students are against teachers’ smoking in classrooms and in their offices with the doors open. Although most students want a smoke free environment, there is no active-anti smoking policy on smoking by universities. Findings point out the need for campus-wide effective smoking prevention programs, as well as cessation programs and services for the students.

Erdogan, Nazmiye; Erdogan, Irfan

2009-01-01

141

Perceptions and attitudes towards entrepreneurship. An analysis of gender among university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present article analyzes the existence of gender differences in the perceptions and attitudes of university students towards\\u000a entrepreneurship. It measures perceptions of the public image of the entrepreneur, along with the desirability, viability\\u000a and intentionality of students towards creating their own business. The empirical data for this research comes from a sample\\u000a of university students who have attended a

María de la Cruz Sánchez-Escobedo; Juan Carlos Díaz-Casero; Ricardo Hernández-Mogollón; María Victoria Postigo-Jiménez

142

34 CFR 686.24 - Transfer student: attendance at more than one institution during an award year.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Transfer student: attendance at more than...TEACHER EDUCATION ASSISTANCE FOR COLLEGE AND HIGHER EDUCATION (TEACH...Awards § 686.24 Transfer student: attendance at more than...an award year. (a) If a student who receives a TEACH...

2013-07-01

143

"But They Won't Come to Lectures..." The Impact of Audio Recorded Lectures on Student Experience and Attendance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The move to increasingly flexible platforms for student learning and experience through provision of online lecture recordings is often interpreted by educators as students viewing attendance at lectures as optional. The trend toward the use of this technology is often met with resistance from some academic staff who argue that student attendance

Larkin, Helen E.

2010-01-01

144

Attitudes of university precalculus students toward mathematics.  

PubMed

To investigate the attitudes of 200 university students (83% freshmen) toward mathematics, a questionnaire was administered to report on their attitudes toward mathematics. Analysis indicated that students studying precalculus had a somewhat positive attitude toward mathematics. PMID:15941096

Alkhateeb, Haitham M; Mji, Andile

2005-04-01

145

University students' conceptions of basic astronomy concepts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A questionnaire of 19 questions given to 76 students entering an `Introduction to astronomy' course at university showed that the students held a series of misconceptions on several central topics in basic astronomy.

Trumper, Ricardo

2005-11-28

146

Abortion Attitudes Among University Students in India.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report hypothesized that Indian university students approve of abortion, that religiosity neutralizes the influence of education in abortion attitudes, and that Indian students are more liberal in their attitudes on abortion than American Catholic students. To test these hypotheses, the author collected data from 150 students from two…

Bardis, Panos D.

147

Counseling Issues with African College Students in U.S. Colleges and Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses counseling issues unique to Africans attending college at American universities and the need to incorporate the African worldview when counseling these students. Offers suggestions for helping counselors work effectively with this student population and describes issues to which counselors must be sensitive, such as boundary concerns,…

Essandoh, Pius K.

1995-01-01

148

An Innovative University-Based Mentoring Program: Affecting College Students' Attitudes and Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students who had enrolled in an innovative university-based service-learning class were asked to reflect on their expectations prior to mentoring youth attending high-poverty high schools, and whether they believed they had met these expectations post-mentoring. Findings indicated that students primarily were motivated by learning about the…

Hughes, Carolyn; Welsh, Megan; Mayer, Allison; Bolay, Jennifer; Southard, Kathryn

2009-01-01

149

The Three Block Model of Universal Design for Learning (UDL): Engaging Students in Inclusive Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|When the Three Block Model of Universal Design for Learning (Katz, 2012a) is implemented, outcomes related to student academic and social engagement were investigated in this study. 631 students from Grades 1 to 12 attending ten schools located in two rural and three urban school divisions in Manitoba took part in the study. Intervention and…

Katz, Jennifer

2013-01-01

150

Comparison of Perceptions of Inclusion between University Instructors and Students with Disabilities in Ukraine  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ukraine is currently involved in a heated debate about inclusion at all levels of education. This debate has become part of the country's efforts to improve human rights. Prior to independence in 1991, students with disabilities in Ukraine who desired higher education were not permitted to attend universities. How instructors and students with…

Raver-Lampman, Sharon A.; Kolchenko, Kateryna

2007-01-01

151

A Study to Find Out the Most Preferred Free Messenger Service Used by University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of this study is to investigate the messenger usage of students in the technology departments of the Near East University (Cyprus), and also to learn which messenger service the participants prefer. The volunteer participants in this study consisted of 150 undergraduate students attending the technology departments of the Near East…

Cavus, Nadire; Bicen, Huseyin

2010-01-01

152

A Cultural Mismatch: The Experience of First-Generation College Students in Elite Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"First-generation" college students, whose parents have not attended college, are an increasing presence at elite colleges and universities. Admitting these students, however, is not enough to ensure that they can take full advantage of the opportunities available to them in college and succeed there. Indeed, research indicates that…

Stephens, Nicole M.

2010-01-01

153

National Identity Development among Palestinian Student Activists in the Israeli Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the process of national identity development, and closely related themes among Palestinian student activists in the Israeli universities. Informed by the tradition of social identity theory, in-depth qualitative inquiry was conducted with an intensity sample of 35 Palestinian student activists attending the major five Israeli…

Makkawi, Ibrahim

2004-01-01

154

Development of a Questionnaire to Assess University Students' Intentions to Use Behavioral Alcohol-Reduction Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To evaluate the psychometric properties of a new self-report questionnaire designed to assess college students' intentions to employ 31 specific alcohol-reduction strategies. Method: Students attending a large public university were recruited to complete alcohol-reduction, drinking history, and personality questionnaires online.…

Bonar, Erin E.; Hoffmann, Erica; Rosenberg, Harold; Kryszak, Elizabeth; Young, Kathleen M.; Ashrafioun, Lisham; Kraus, Shane W.; Bannon, Erin E.

2012-01-01

155

Class Attendance in College: A Meta-Analytic Review of the Relationship of Class Attendance with Grades and Student Characteristics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A meta-analysis of the relationship between class attendance in college and college grades reveals that attendance has strong relationships with both class grades (k = 69, N = 21,195, p = 0.44) and GPA (k = 33, N = 9,243, p = 0.41). These relationships make class attendance a better predictor of college grades than any other known predictor of…

Crede, Marcus; Roch, Sylvia G.; Kieszczynka, Urszula M.

2010-01-01

156

Facing Challenges: Experiences of Young Women with Disabilities Attending a Canadian University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This qualitative study examines the perspectives of students with disabilities studying at a postsecondary institution in Canada. Seven female students, five of them with learning disabilities, participated in focus group meetings and shared their experiences of studying at a university. Both individual characteristics, such as…

Erten, Ozlem

2011-01-01

157

Drinking Game Participation among Undergraduate Students Attending National Alcohol Screening Day  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives, Participants, Methods: Drinking game participation has increased in popularity among college students and is associated with increased alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems. The current study investigated drinking game participation among 133 undergraduates attending National Alcohol Screening Day (NASD) in April of 2007.…

Cameron, Jennifer M.; Heidelberg, Natalie; Simmons, Lisa; Lyle, Sarah B.; Mitra-Varma, Kathakali; Correia, Chris

2010-01-01

158

Family-Centered Practice with Non-Attending Students in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author talks about a family-centered practice model for working with students with non-attendance problems. Family-centered practice positions the family at the center of attention or field of action. Its focus is on those transactions occurring between a person, family, and environment, which affect individuals, families and…

Lau, Yuk King

2009-01-01

159

New York State School Facilities and Student Health, Achievement, and Attendance: A Data Analysis Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students who attend schools with environmental hazards that impact indoor air quality are more likely to miss class, and therefore lose learning opportunities. Yet school environmental health and safety remains largely unregulated and there is no state or federal agency in charge of protecting children's environmental health in schools. This…

Boese, Stephen; Shaw, John

2005-01-01

160

Drinking Game Participation among Undergraduate Students Attending National Alcohol Screening Day  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objectives, Participants, Methods: Drinking game participation has increased in popularity among college students and is associated with increased alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems. The current study investigated drinking game participation among 133 undergraduates attending National Alcohol Screening Day (NASD) in April of 2007.…

Cameron, Jennifer M.; Heidelberg, Natalie; Simmons, Lisa; Lyle, Sarah B.; Mitra-Varma, Kathakali; Correia, Chris

2010-01-01

161

Youth Risk Behavior Survey of High School Students Attending Bureau Funded Schools, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In spring 2001, 5,654 American Indian high school students attending schools funded by the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) completed the Youth Risk Behavior Survey. The survey examined youth behaviors in the areas of motor vehicle safety, weapons, violence, suicide, current and lifetime tobacco use, current and lifetime drug and alcohol use,…

Shaughnessy, Lana; Branum, Cheryl; Everett-Jones, Sherry

162

Survey of the Importance of Professional Behaviors among Medical Students, Residents, and Attending Physicians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: The authors compared the importance of items related to professional behavior among medical students rotating through their psychiatry clerkship, psychiatry residents, and attending psychiatrists. Method: The authors sent an electronic survey with 43 items (rated on the scale 1: Not at All Important; to 5: Very Important) to medical…

Morreale, Mary K.; Balon, Richard; Arfken, Cynthia L.

2011-01-01

163

Fostering Hand Washing before Lunch by Students Attending a Special Needs Young Adult Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A multiple baseline across groups design was used to investigate the effects of a treatment package on hand washing before lunch by five students with disabilities who attended a young adult educational program. To evaluate hand washing, a lotion called Glo Germ was applied to participants' hands. Glo Germ is visible under a black light, which…

Walmsley, Christopher; Mahoney, Amanda; Durgin, Amy; Poling, Alan

2013-01-01

164

The Effects of Andragogical Teacher Training on Adult Students' Attendance and Evaluation of their Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although there is a substantial literature on andragogy, there is a paucity of empirical research on the subject. The research reported here deals with a central problem: Is andragogy an effective strategy for teaching adults? To this end two hypotheses were tested: (a) Andragogically trained teachers of adults will have higher rates of student attendance in their classes than teachers

Hal Beder; Natalino Carrea

1988-01-01

165

The Salience of Selected Variables on Choice for Movie Attendance among High School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A questionnaire was designed for a study assessing both the importance of 28 variables in movie attendance and the importance of movie-going as a leisure-time activity. Respondents were 130 ninth and twelfth grade students. The 28 variables were broadly organized into eight categories: movie production personnel, production elements, advertising,…

Austin, Bruce A.

166

Drinking Game Participation Among Undergraduate Students Attending National Alcohol Screening Day  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives, Participants, Methods: Drinking game participation has increased in popularity among college students and is associated with increased alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems. The current study investigated drinking game participation among 133 undergraduates attending National Alcohol Screening Day (NASD) in April of 2007. Results: A large percentage of the sample reported lifetime (77%) and recent (52%) drinking game participation. Males

Jennifer M. Cameron; Natalie Heidelberg; Lisa Simmons; Sarah B. Lyle; Kathakali Mitra-Varma; Chris Correia

2010-01-01

167

Impact of Instructional Practices on Student Satisfaction with Attendings' Teaching in the Inpatient Component of Internal Medicine Clerkships  

PubMed Central

Objective To determine the prevalence and influence of specific attending teaching practices on student evaluations of the quality of attendings' teaching in the inpatient component of Internal Medicine clerkships. Design Nationwide survey using a simple random sample. Setting One hundred and twenty-one allopathic 4-year medical schools in the United States. Participants A total of 2,250 fourth-year medical students. Measurements and Main Results In the spring of 2002, student satisfaction with the overall quality of teaching by attendings in the inpatient component of Internal Medicine clerkships was measured on a 5-point scale from very satisfied to very dissatisfied (survey response rate, 68.3%). Logistic regression was used to determine the association of specific teaching practices with student evaluations of the quality of their attendings' teaching. Attending physicians' teaching practices such as engaging students in substantive discussions (odds ratio (OR)=3.0), giving spontaneous talks and prepared presentations (OR=1.6 and 1.8), and seeing new patients with the team (OR=1.2) were strongly associated with higher student satisfaction, whereas seeming rushed and eager to finish rounds was associated with lower satisfaction (OR=0.6). Conclusion Findings suggest that student satisfaction with attendings' teaching is high overall but there is room for improvement. Specific teaching behaviors used by attendings affect student satisfaction. These specific behaviors could be taught and modified for use by attendings and clerkship directors to enhance student experiences during clerkships.

Guarino, Cassandra M; Ko, Clifford Y; Baker, Laurence C; Klein, David J; Quiter, Elaine S; Escarce, Jose J

2006-01-01

168

University Students' Knowledge and Awareness of HPV  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of university students regarding the human papillomavirus (HPV).Methods. A random sample of 500 university students was mailed a self-administered questionnaire that elicited their knowledge and awareness about HPV and compared their knowledge and attitudes with those of other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Among the 480 deliverable

Eva Yacobi; Colleen Tennant; Jeanne Ferrante; Naazneen Pal; Richard Roetzheim

1999-01-01

169

Core Knowledge Confusions among University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Previous studies have demonstrated that university students hold several paranormal beliefs and that paranormal beliefs can be best explained with core knowledge confusions. The aim of this study was to explore to what extent university students confuse the core ontological attributes of lifeless material objects (e.g. a house, a stone), living…

Lindeman, Marjaana; Svedholm, Annika M.; Takada, Mikito; Lonnqvist, Jan-Erik; Verkasalo, Markku

2011-01-01

170

Allocation of Students in North African Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student bodies at public universities in Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia have grown rapidly, outside the direct control of university authorities. How the three North African nations differ in their policies regulating which students may study which subjects, and the implications of these policies for the goals of higher education are discussed.…

Jones, Marie Thourson

1981-01-01

171

Building Bridges: Understanding Student Transition to University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article explores challenges in ensuring effective student transition from school or college to university. It examines the complex liaison needed for students to progress to appropriate courses, settle into university life and succeed as higher education learners. Secondary data (international literature on transition and the formation of…

Briggs, A. R. J.; Clark, J.; Hall, I.

2012-01-01

172

University Language Policy: Identifying Student Attitudes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 376 first-year Arab university students at Sultan Qaboos University (Oman) investigated attitudes about the use of English as a medium for instruction in science and technology. Questionnaires elicited information about student language background, reasons for studying English, patterns of present and future use of English, and…

Fahmy, Jane Jackson; Bilton, Linda

173

Students' Mental Health: Personal and University Determinants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study was to examine the effects of personal and university bounded factors in students mental health in north of Fars province, Iran. The effects of these factors on university students' psychopathology within a survey design were investigated among 300 participants--94 males and 206 females, who were selected through random sampling…

Khodarahimi, Siamak; Rasti, Ali; Khajehie, Malihe; Sattar, Rea

2009-01-01

174

Connecting Students across Universities in Saudi Arabia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study reports results of an experiment in which the author and her students at King Saud University (KSU) in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia shared an online grammar course with a professor and his students at Umm Al-Qura University (UQU) in Makkah, Saudi Arabia using www.makkahelearning.net. The experiment proved to be a total failure. Factors…

Al-Jarf, Reima Sado

2005-01-01

175

Multiple Intelligences of Students at Jordanian Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study aimed at investigating different intelligence types among Jordanian students at different public and private universities in Jordan. To achieve such aim, it sought to identify and rank multiple intelligences that characterize students at Jordanian universities, and to identify and rank the differences in multiple intelligences…

Khataybeh, Abdalla; Al-Sheikh, Kholoud

2011-01-01

176

University Student Satisfaction: An Empirical Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this research is to gain an empirical understanding of students' overall satisfaction with their academic university experiences. A hierarchal model is used as a framework for this analysis. Fifteen hypotheses are formulated and tested, in order to identify the dimensions of service quality as perceived by university students, to…

Clemes, Michael D.; Gan, Christopher E. C.; Kao, Tzu-Hui

2008-01-01

177

Why Accepted Students Decline to Attend the College at Geneseo, Fall 1977.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A sample of 450 accepted non-enrolling Fall 1977 freshman were surveyed to determine their reasons for applying to but not attending the State University of New York (SUNY) College of Arts and Science at Geneseo. The sample was evenly distributed across the range of Regents Scholarship Examination (RSE) scores and 208 (46.2 percent) responded. The…

McNally, James L.; Story, Richard W.

178

Correlates of loneliness among university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate level of loneliness, essential needs during university education, and relationships between loneliness, essential needs, and characteristics of university students. A sample comprising 721 students participated in the study. The mean age was 21.58 (SD = 1.73) with a range from 18 to 25. The majority of the students were female (70.6%)

Ugur Özdemir; Tarik Tuncay

2008-01-01

179

University Student Attitudes and Behavior Toward Drugs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To investigate incidence and frequency of use of 8 drugs ranging from marijuana to LSD to heroin, 2 anonymous polls were administered to 2,141 incoming freshmen and returning students at the University of Maryland during the summer and fall of 1971. Students' reasons for using and not using drugs, students' attitudes toward legalizing, using, and…

Horowitz, Joseph L.; Sedlacek, William E.

180

Depression and Anxiety in University Music Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Performance anxiety among musicians and music students has been widely addressed, but far less attention has been given to examining the rates and characteristics of broader mental distress in this population. This study examined depression and anxiety in music students at one university. A considerable number of students reported symptoms…

Wristen, Brenda G.

2013-01-01

181

Homophobia and university law enforcement students  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is little research on homophobia among university-level law enforcement students, nor strategies for teaching gay issues. This paper analyzes gay issues as provided in textbooks for law enforcement students, and homophobia among law enforcement students. A content analysis of textbooks reveals little treatment of gay issues or working with the gay community and the lack of attention is disparate

J. Michael Olivero; Rodrigo Murataya

2001-01-01

182

Depression and Anxiety in University Music Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Performance anxiety among musicians and music students has been widely addressed, but far less attention has been given to examining the rates and characteristics of broader mental distress in this population. This study examined depression and anxiety in music students at one university. A considerable number of students reported symptoms…

Wristen, Brenda G.

2013-01-01

183

Student Marketing for Colleges and Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|AACRAO's new publication "Student Marketing for Colleges and Universities" is the single authoritative source interpreting basic and advanced marketing techniques within the context of student marketing. Four sections address marketing fundamentals in the higher education setting, strategic planning, consumer behavior of the college-bound student

Whiteside, Richard

2004-01-01

184

Increasing Students' Attendance at Lecture and Preparation for Lecture by Allowing Students to Use Their Notes during Tests  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an upper-division, college course with a lecture component and two laboratory sections, we experimentally evaluated a treatment package that included this contingency: "only if students attended lecture and submitted notes for each day's reading assignment could they use their notes during a later test," and instructions about the contingency.…

Messling, Paul A., III; Dermer, Marshall L.

2009-01-01

185

Canadian Hearing Impaired Students in Canadian Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Canadian government has established three centers of educational excellence especially for hearing impaired and deaf college students at the University of Alberta, the University of Western Ontario, and the Atlantic Centre at St. Mary's University in Halifax, Nova Scotia. The centre has initiated such activities as a faculty awareness program,…

Leitch, David A.

1986-01-01

186

Student counselling services in a Nigerian University  

Microsoft Academic Search

Universities the world over exist to respond to the conditions of their environments. Thus universities in a multi-ethnic Nigeria are not only for the production of high level manpower but also for fostering national consciousness, cultural integration and unity as well as for producing in the students appropriate values and attitudes for psychologically healthy citizenry. The University of Ilorin, Nigeria,

Olaniyi Bojuwoye

1996-01-01

187

Defining and Achieving Student Success: University Faculty and Student Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The question of how agricultural education students and faculty define and hope to foster student success was studied at a large southeastern land-grant university with a college of agriculture that included 1,497 students and 193 faculty. The study questions were explored in 2 focus groups containing a total of 7 faculty members and 8 focus…

Dean, Anne M.; Camp, William G.

188

Perceptions And Construction Of Meaning Of Urban High School Experiences Among African American University StudentsA Focus Group Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The perceptions of African American university students and how they construct meaning from high school experiences were examined. Five African American students from two large cities, attending a moderately selective university in the Midwest, served as a focus group for the study. An open-ended, semistructured questionnaire was used to guide the discussion for this qualitative study. Findings suggest that these

Teresa Wasonga; Dana E. Christman

2003-01-01

189

The relationship between students' levels of school achievement, their preferences for future enrolment and their images of universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

A survey of 2000 final year students in secondary schools in Western Australia indicates that, although moderately performing students are unlikely to gain entry to university, the majority have a strong preference to attend university rather than vocational training (TAFE). Their actual institutional preferences are highly correlated with their self-perceived, level of academic achievement and their decisions on institutional preferences

Gordon Stanley; Pat Reynolds

1994-01-01

190

Sexual harassment of university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The sexual harassment of junior, senior, and graduate student women and men by male and female professors, graduate assistants, and staff was investigated to determine students' personal experiences in the classroom, outside the classroom, and in job-related settings. Usable survey responses were returned by 393 students, and incidents were detailed by 38 women and 9 men who noted their responses

Mary Ellen Reilly; Bernice Lott; Sheila M. Gallogly

1986-01-01

191

Workshop tutorials: Accommodating student-centered learning in large first year university physics courses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1995, cooperative learning tutorials were introduced into large first year physics classes at the University of Sydney. This paper describes the effect of these cooperative learning tutorials, called Workshop Tutorials, on student learning from both a quantitative and qualitative point of view. It was found that students attending more than half the total number of tutorials scored significantly better over the year than those attending less than half. Student reaction was almost wholly positive, with particular mention made of the voluntary nature of the tutorials as well as the use of practical, 'hands on' demonstrations within the tutorials.

Sharma, Manjula D.; Millar, Rosemary; Seth, Suman

2005-11-23

192

Morningness-eveningness preferences and academic achievement of university students.  

PubMed

The present study investigates whether the circadian preferences of students are related to their academic achievements. This study explores whether different class times affect students' achievement and examines the performance of students on final exams administered at 09:30 h for differences according to chronotype. A total of 1471 university students between 18 and 25 yrs of age responded to a morningness-eveningness questionnaire (MEQ), and data on their cumulative grade point averages (CGPA) were also collected from their transcripts. Some of the students in the sample attended classes during the first teaching period, which started at 08:00 h and ended at 14:50 h, and the remaining students followed the second schedule, which started at 15:00 h and ended at 21:50 h. MEQ scores were found to differ by sex. MEQ scores partially predicted academic success and that students' academic achievements differed according to the time of the teaching period. Moreover, final exam (administered at 09:30 h) scores differed with respect to their circadian preferences; students with a morning preference achieved higher scores than either those with an evening or intermediate preference. Both teaching and test start times thus impact academic performance. PMID:21231873

Be?oluk, Senol; Onder, Ismail; Deveci, Isa

2011-03-01

193

Investigating Student Understanding of the Universe: Structure  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Chicago State University (CSU) offers an introductory astronomy course that services students from a variety of majors including pre-service teachers. At CSU, we have been investigating methods and tools that will improve student conceptual understanding in astronomy for this diverse group of students. We have analyzed pre-course surveys, pre-course essays, exams, and interviews in an effort to better understand the ideas and difficulties in understanding that students have in regards to the structure of the universe. Analysis of written essays has revealed that our students do have some knowledge of the objects in the universe, but interviews inform us that their understanding of the structure of the universe is superficial. This project is a part of a larger study; also see our posters on student ideas about dark matter, the age and expansion of the universe, and perceptions of astronomical sizes and distances. This work was supported by NASA ROSES E/PO Grant #NNXlOAC89G, as well as by the Illinois Space Grant Consortium and National Science Foundation CCLI Grant #0632563 at Chicago State University and the Fermi E/PO program at Sonoma State University.

Hayes, Virginia; Coble, K.; Nickerson, M.; Cochran, G.; Camarillo, C. T.; Bailey, J. M.; McLin, K. M.; Cominsky, L. R.

2011-05-01

194

“Just What Were You Expecting From Your Experience Anyway?” University Expectations and Subsequent Adjustment in Visible Minority Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pre-enrollment university expectations can influence subsequent adjustment levels during the first year of postsecondary studies (Aspinwall & Taylor, 1992). There is very limited literature studying the expectation levels of visible minority students in the U.S., and no literature at all in a Canadian context. We were interested in examining expectation differences between visible minority students and majority students attending Canadian

Wisam Al-Dabbagh

2010-01-01

195

FACTORS IN COLLEGE ATTENDANCE  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE OF THIS RESEARCH WAS TO IDENTIFY FACTORS, OBTAINED FROM A SELF-REPORT INVENTORY, DETERMINING THE DECISION TO ATTEND COLLEGE. 214 MALE AND 306 FEMALE STUDENTS FROM THE STATE UNIVERSITY COMPLETED A 78-ITEM INVENTORY, REASONS FOR GOING TO COLLEGE, AS FRESHMEN AND AGAIN AS SENIORS. ANALYSES AND MATCHING PROCEDURES YIELDED 13 MAJOR FACTORS: SOCIAL REASON, CONFORMITY, CURIOSITY, VOCATIONAL REASON, ACADEMIC VALUE,

ARTHUR A. DOLE; JOHN M. DIGMAN

1967-01-01

196

Mental health literacy among university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the mental health literacy of students. This study is part of the growing interest in mental health literacy among young people. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Over 400 university students indicated their knowledge of over 90 psychiatric illnesses labels derived from DSM:IV. They rated disorders on six questions concerning whether they had heard

Adrian Furnham; Richard Cook; Neil Martin; Mark Batey

2011-01-01

197

Cyberbullying and Victimisation among Turkish University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the extent of cyberbullying and victimisation among Turkish university students at a state college of education. A personal information form and 56 scaled items were administered to 254 students. Items addressing cyberbullying victimisation were adopted from a recent study, whereas parallel cyberbullying items were…

Akbulut, Yavuz; Eristi, Bahadir

2011-01-01

198

Depression and Related Problems in University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Method: Depression and related problems were studied in a sample of 283 university students. Results: The students with high depression scores also had high scores on anxiety, intrusive thoughts, controlling intrusive thoughts and sleep disturbances scales. A stepwise regression suggested that those problems contributed to a significant…

Field, Tiffany; Diego, Miguel; Pelaez, Martha; Deeds, Osvelia; Delgado, Jeannette

2012-01-01

199

Obstacles to Personal Creativity among University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined personal obstacles to creativity among 385 university students in Brazil. The highest factor was lack of time/opportunity, followed by inhibition/shyness. Male students had higher scores in the factor labeled "lack of motivation," while the social repression factor score was higher for females. (Contains references.) (Author/CR)

de Alencar, Eunice M. L. Soriano

2001-01-01

200

Depression and Related Problems in University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Method: Depression and related problems were studied in a sample of 283 university students. Results: The students with high depression scores also had high scores on anxiety, intrusive thoughts, controlling intrusive thoughts and sleep disturbances scales. A stepwise regression suggested that those problems contributed to a significant proportion…

Field, Tiffany; Diego, Miguel; Pelaez, Martha; Deeds, Osvelia; Delgado, Jeannette

2012-01-01

201

Assessing Student Academic Achievement: Western Michigan University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reports on Western Michigan University's efforts to assess programs at the undergraduate level. Describes the steps involved in deciding which student achievement areas to assess, which instruments to use, and who to test. Discusses effects on students and confidentiality issues. Reviews problems in implementing assessment. (DMM)|

Bunda, Mary Anne

1991-01-01

202

[Morbidity rates in university students].  

PubMed

The current higher education modernization is accompanied by the intensification of an educational process. Due to intensive mental work and a need to adapt to new educational conditions, the students belong to a group of increased risk. Morbidity rates were studied in medical students during education. The study indicated a rise in morbidity in the period 2005 to 2009, high morbidity rates in first- and second-year students, the seasonal pattern of diseases, and a preponderance of respiratory diseases and mental disorders as a ground for a sabbatical leave, which is due to the specific features of education at a medical higher educational establishment. PMID:21899104

Kozhevnikova, N G

203

Perceptions of Racism by Black Medical Students Attending White Medical Schools  

PubMed Central

Thirty-one black medical students attending five white medical schools were seen in individual interviews of one to two hours to evaluate their perceptions of racism in their medical school education. The interviews focused on racism experienced in high school, college, and medical school. Over one half of the population experienced racism during their high school and college education, while 30 of 31 subjects reported racist experiences in their medical school education. The students reported a variety of methods of coping with racist experiences and emphasized the importance of fellow minority students, faculty, and the minority office in coping with the stresses of racist experiences. Those offering counseling services to minority students should recognize the reality of racist experiences in medical education.

Bullock, Samuel C.; Houston, Earline

1987-01-01

204

PREDICTING THE RETENTION OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Survival analysis was used to model theretention of 8,867 undergraduate students at OregonState University between 1991 and 1996. Attrition wasfound to increase with age, and decrease with increasing high school GPA and first-quarter GPA.Non-residents had higher attrition rates than didresident and international students, and students takingthe Freshman Orientation Course appeared to be atreduced risk of dropping out. Statistically significantassociations of

Paul A. Murtaugh; Leslie D. Burns; Jill Schuster

1999-01-01

205

Interactive Lecture Discourse for University EFL Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Interactive lectures play an important role in improving comprehension and in enhancing communicative competence in the English language for EFL university students taking content lecture courses. This article considers the interactive discourse in lectures of the English Studies Department at the University of Alicante, Spain. It describes an…

Morell, Teresa

2004-01-01

206

Measuring Entrepreneurial Orientation of University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to discuss the measurement of entrepreneurial orientation (EO) in the student population of different academic programmes, in order to enhance entrepreneurship-related procedures within universities. Design/methodology/approach: A survey-based tool for measuring EO is presented and used in one university. The…

Taatila, Vesa; Down, Samuel

2012-01-01

207

Does Diversity Matter in the Education Process? An Exploration of Student Interactions by Wealth, Religion, Politics, Race, Ethnicity and Immigrant Status at the University of California. A Student Experience in the Research University (SERU) Project Research Paper. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.5.08  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploration into student interactions that improve understanding, student attachment, and demographic characteristics of students attending the University of California in the spring of 2006 finds the University to be a diverse and healthy environment. Interactions among students with demographic differences are frequent and are rarely…

Chatman, Steven

2008-01-01

208

20 CFR 216.75 - When a child is a full-time student during a period of non-attendance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2012-04-01 true When a child is a full-time student during a period of non-attendance...Annuity § 216.75 When a child is a full-time student during a period of non-attendance. A student who has been in full-time attendance at an elementary...

2013-04-01

209

Evaluating the Relationship Between Student Attendance and Achievement in Urban Elementary and Middle Schools: An Instrumental Variables Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers, policymakers, practitioners, and parents have assumed a positive relationship between school attendance and academic success. And yet, among the vast body of empirical research examining how input factors relate to academic outcomes, few investigations have honed in on the precision of the relationship between individual attendance and student achievement. The purpose of this article is to provide insight into

Michael A. Gottfried

2010-01-01

210

"Fostering Library as Place for Distance Students: Best Practices from Two Universities"--Conference Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author reports on the Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL) Conference which occurred in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, March 29-April 2, 2011. There were numerous panel sessions to choose from, and the author attended "Fostering Library as Place for Distance Students: Best Practices from Two Universities." In this…

Cannady, Rachel E.

2011-01-01

211

Cultural Capital and Academic Achievement of First Generation Domestic and International Students in Canadian Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In Canada little research has been conducted on those who are the first in their families to attend university. Cultural reproduction theory suggests that such students would be less likely to engage in the type of activities that, according to the college impact model, contribute to academic achievement. In order to test these and other…

Grayson, J. Paul

2011-01-01

212

Visual ERPs evidence for enhanced processing of threatening information in anxious university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is accumulating evidence that highly anxious individuals selectively attend to threatening information; however, contrary to expectations, there is no evidence of enhanced processing of threat stimuli in those individuals. We investigated this question by using a sample of 20 University students who were split into two groups consisting of 10 high-anxious and 10 low-anxious subjects according to Spielberger Trait

Aviv M. Weinstein

1995-01-01

213

Multivariate Analysis of Student Loan Defaulters at Prairie View A&M University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the default behavior of 3,325 undergraduate student borrowers who attended Prairie View A&M University (PVAMU) and entered repayment on their TG-guaranteed Federal Family Education Loan Program (FFELP) loans between October 1, 2000 and September 30, 2002 (fiscal years 2001-2002). Using the Department of Education's official…

Barone, Sandra

2006-01-01

214

Understanding the dynamics of teacher attention: Examples of how high school physics and physical science teachers attend to student ideas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attending to student ideas is critical for supporting students' science learning (Driver, Guesne, & Tiberghien, 1985; National Research Council, 1996). But, paying attention to student ideas in science class is difficult and does not happen often (Davis, 2001; Feldman, 2002; Levin, 2008; Levitt, 2001; Simmons, et al, 1999). Researchers have looked at how institutional expectations, curricular materials, and a teacher's

Matty Lau

2010-01-01

215

A Study of the Performance of Students from Small Country Elementary Schools when They Attend High School, 1985.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Academic and social performance of 204 high school students who had attended one-teacher rural elementary schools in Nebraska, South Dakota, and Montana was investigated to determine if small school students were disadvantaged in a larger high school setting. Data gathered by questionnaires from students, school administrators, and counselors…

Muse, Ivan; And Others

216

World Conference on Educational Sciences 2009 A study to find out the preferred free e-mail services used by university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to investigate the free e-mail usage of students in the technology departments of the university, and also to learn which free e-mail service the participants prefer. The volunteer participants in this study consisted of 150 undergraduate students attending the Near East University in Northern Cyprus. 50 students from Department of Computer Information Systems (CIS),

Nadire Cavus; Hüseyin Bicen

217

Differences between Faculty and Students' Perception of Recruitment Techniques that Influence Students To Attend Four-Year Automotive Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responses were obtained from 382 of 607 students and 27 of 36 faculty in automotive technology. Both groups cited program reputation, university reputation, campus visits and high school/community college teachers/counselors as effective recruitment influences. Students thought parents and relatives were more influential than faculty did.…

Belcher, Gregory; Frisbee, Robert; Sanford, Brian

2003-01-01

218

High frequency of low serum levels of vitamin 12 among patients attending Jordan University Hospital.  

PubMed

This study aimed to estimate the status of serum vitamin B12 level in patients attending Jordan University Hospital in Amman, and to examine the relationship with demographic data, chronic illness, dietary habits, haematological parameters and symptoms related to vitamin B12 levels. A total of 838 patients completed a questionnaire and gave blood samples; 44.6% were vitamin B12 deficient (< 180 pg/mL) and 34.2% had hypovitaminosis (180-300 pg/mL). Vitamin B12 deficiency was associated with memory impairment, low meat intake and strict vegetarian (vegan) diets. The high frequency of low vitamin B12 warrants the development of a strategy to correct this problem in Jordan. PMID:20187536

Barghouti, F F; Younes, N A; Halaseh, L J; Said, T T; Ghraiz, S M

219

Party Subculture or Dens of Doom? An Epidemiological Study of Rave Attendance and Drug Use Patterns Among Adolescent Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on 1,853 questionnaires derived from adolescent students participating in the 1995 Ontario Student Drug Use Survey, this article describes the prevalence of rave attendance and the drug-use profile of rave attendees and those participating in similar activities (i.e., bush parties). The results showed that 13% of the sample attended a rave during the 12 months before the survey. Although

Edward M. Adlaf; Reginald G. Smart

1997-01-01

220

Positive and Negative Affectivity as Mediator and Moderator of the Relationship between Optimism and Life Satisfaction in Turkish University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main purpose of this study is to examine the mediator and moderator role of positive and negative affectivity variables\\u000a on the relationship between optimism and life satisfaction in university students. 397 university students, ranging in age\\u000a from 18 to 27 (M = 20.98), attending different departments of the Faculty of Education, at Pamukkale University in Turkey participated as\\u000a subjects in the

Necla Acun Kapikiran

2012-01-01

221

Development of a Questionnaire to Assess University Students’ Intentions to Use Behavioral Alcohol-Reduction Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To evaluate the psychometric properties of a new self-report questionnaire designed to assess college students’ intentions to employ 31 specific alcohol-reduction strategies. Method: Students attending a large public university were recruited to complete alcohol-reduction, drinking history, and personality questionnaires online. Results: Based on item–total correlations and principal components analysis, the authors eliminated 3 items and calculated average intention ratings

Erin E. Bonar; Erica Hoffmann; Harold Rosenberg; Elizabeth Kryszak; Kathleen M. Young; Lisham Ashrafioun; Shane W. Kraus; Erin E. Bannon

2012-01-01

222

Development of a Questionnaire to Assess University Students’ Intentions to Use Behavioral Alcohol Reduction Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To evaluate the psychometric properties of a new self-report questionnaire designed to assess college students’ intentions to employ 31 specific alcohol-reduction strategies. Method: Students attending a large public university were recruited to complete alcohol-reduction, drinking history, and personality questionnaires online. Results: Based on item-total correlations and principal components analysis, we eliminated three items and calculated average intention ratings across

Erin E. Bonar; Erica Hoffmann; Harold Rosenberg; Elizabeth Kryszak; Kathleen M. Young; Lisham Ashrafioun; Shane W. Kraus; Erin E. Bannon

2012-01-01

223

Relationship of Library Skills with Selected Personal And Academic Variables: A Study of the Undergraduate Students of Kuwait University  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study aimed at ascertaining the level of library skills of the freshmen and sophomores in the College of Science at Kuwait University. It further tested whether there existed any significant relationships between the level of command of library skills and personal and academic factors of age, gender, type of high school the students had attended, class level, student GPA,

SAJJAD UR REHMAN; GLORIA P. MOHAMMAD

2002-01-01

224

A Follow-Up Study of Transfer Students from Southern West Virginia Community College to Marshall University: 1967-1972.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In order to evaluate the efficacy of the college parallel program at Southern West Virginia Community College (SWVCC), a follow-up study was conducted of all students who had attended SWVCC between 1967 and 1972 and had subsequently transferred to Marshall University. Each of the 204 students in the sample had earned at least 30 semester credit…

Nolan, Edwin J.; Hall, Donald L.

225

An Evaluation of an Internal Audit on Student Feedback within a British University: A Quality Enhancement Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: Final year students attending British universities now complete an annual questionnaire to assess their views on their learning experiences of higher education (HE) from a variety of perspectives. They undertake this process as part of the National Student Survey (NSS). These data are then collated and an annual report with associated…

Reid, Ken

2010-01-01

226

[Research on Pisa University student's life style and health].  

PubMed

Surveys on life and health conditions of university students besides providing useful epidemiologic data partly related to the young population. They are potentially useful for the intervention planning aimed to remove possible environmental or behavioural risk factors. Following these purpose a survey sample about 1200 student attending the University of Pisa was carried out through an anonymous questionnaire about 41 questions focused on behaviours and lifestyles of young people, possible health problems, self-perception of the health state, the use of public health services, and the more commonly used (or preferred) sources of information on health topics. The results suggest that although the self perception of the state of health is broadly positive for the majority of students, there is also a significant frequency of individuals declaring significant at risk behaviours (persistence of sexual practices at risk, drug use, alcohol and smoke abuse). The consumption, also sporadic, of psicoattive substances has been declared gives beyond 40% of the students, in particular 37% asserts to have tried drugs. The habit to smoke appeared diffused much between the students; the percentage of smokers turns out equal to 41% in total (40% females, 42% males). 76% of the interviewed ones has declared to be sexually active, the percentage of those who have declared multiple relations or occasional is elevated (12%), and 47% of the students asserts to use the condom with fixed partner and 77% with occasional partner. Moreover there seems to be a significant association between the changes in the diet and other lifestyles that are due to the "university lifestyle" (as a consequence of leaving the family or increased commuting) and the insurgence of several types of sickness, e.g. gastroenteric disturbances and fever attacks. Finally, the present investigation suggests that few interventions on services offered to students (such as accommodation, teaching structures and especially the creation of a "health office" where students can acquire information on health and other topics related to their condition) could have a significantly beneficial impact on the general state of health of the university population. PMID:15552733

Carducci, A; Calamusa, A; Manfredi, P; Williams, J; Romano, F; Giuntini, A; Marcantonio, S; Bandinelli, R Bianchi; Piz, R; Tarini, F; Verani, M; Privitera, G

227

Gender Differences in Factor Scores of Anxiety and Depression among Australian University Students: Implications for Counselling Interventions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Anxiety and depression inventory scores from 200 male and female university students attending a private university in Australia were examined for their factor structure. Once established, the two sets of factors were tested for gender-based differences, revealing that females were more likely than males to report symptomatology associated with…

Bitsika, Vicki; Sharpley, Chris F.; Melham, Therese C.

2010-01-01

228

A Mobile Learning Organiser for University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the trial of a mobile learning organiser, developed for use by university students. Based on a wirelessly-enabled Pocket PC, the organiser makes use of existing mobile applications as well as tools designed specifically for the context of learning. The trial set out to identify what are the key tools for such a learning device. The primary uses

Dan Corlett; Mike Sharples; Tony Chan; Susan Bull

2004-01-01

229

University Students' Attitudes: Croatia versus Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We surveyed Croatian and Turkish business school students, from universities emphasizing globalization, to analyze whether consideration for travel to the USA is affected by attitude toward their own country and the USA. The results from comparing and contrasting differences between these countries and differences between males and females in…

Schnurr, Norman V.; Racic, Stanko; Gelo, Tomislav

2011-01-01

230

Sexist Attitudes Among Male University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to examine the nature of sexist attitudes among male university students. A Situational Attitude Scale of ten personal or social situations with some relevance to a sex related response and 100 bipolar semantic differential word scales was created. Two forms of the instrument, each containing the same situations,…

Herman, Michele H.; Sedlacek, William E.

231

University students' priorities: Life goals vs. relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

To assess the importance of life goals and relationships, a specially designed Life Goals Scale was administered to 303 university students (200 women and 103 men). Women's average ratings for relationships exceeded those of men. Men and women did not differ in average importance ratings of goals nor in tendency to sacrifice goals for a heterosexual relationship. Seventy-three percent were

Joy Fisher Hammersla; Lynne Frease-McMahan

1990-01-01

232

Obstacles to Personal Creativity among University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined personal obstacles to creativity among 385 university students. The Obstacles to Personal Creativity Inventory was administered to this sample. This instrument focuses on several factors that may block the expression of personal creativity. The results showed that the highest mean was observed in the factor labeled Lack of Time\\/Opportunity, followed by Inhibition\\/Shyness. Significant differences in means values

Eunice M. L. Soriano de Alencar

2001-01-01

233

Predictors of Meningococcal Vaccination among University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Invasive disease secondary to Neisseria meningitidis is a rare but devastating illness among university students. The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommends educating college freshmen about meningococcal disease and vaccinating all college freshmen who live in residence halls. We conducted this survey to gain a better…

D'Heilly, Sarah; Ehlinger, Edward; Nichol, Kristin

2006-01-01

234

The Work Orientations of Australian University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is the aim of this paper to provide a better understanding of how university students in Australia are preparing for their future work in the labour market through their work orientations. It draws upon a survey of over 300 final-year undergraduates to present their rationales for engaging in paid work, and their preferences for different job…

Taylor, Jeannette; Pick, David

2008-01-01

235

University Students' Attitudes: Croatia versus Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We surveyed Croatian and Turkish business school students, from universities emphasizing globalization, to analyze whether consideration for travel to the USA is affected by attitude toward their own country and the USA. The results from comparing and contrasting differences between these countries and differences between males and females in each…

Schnurr, Norman V.; Racic, Stanko; Gelo, Tomislav

2011-01-01

236

Investigating University Students' Beliefs about Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of the study is to investigate beliefs students usually held about language learning, based on the Beliefs About Language Learning Inventory (BALLI) questionnaire (Horwitz, 1988). For this purpose, 423 University learners of English in Iran were selected. Running descriptive statistics and the scree plot test, five factors were extracted:…

Mohebi, Sanaz Ghobadi; Khodadady, Ebrahim

2011-01-01

237

Loneliness among German University Students: Some Correlates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Administered loneliness questionnaire and additional questions to 154 students of education at large West German city university. Found significant correlations between loneliness rating and self-rated shyness, social contact difficulty, and lack of physical attractiveness. Average loneliness level was similar to level of United States sample,…

Lamm, Helmut; Stephan, Ekkehard

1987-01-01

238

TEACHING UNIVERSITY STUDENTS FAMILY CAREGIVING ONLINE  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes an online course developed and currently offered at Middle Tennessee State University. Considering the statistics of family caregivers, their needs, and students’ and human service professionals’ education, the author demonstrates the necessity of such courses and their benefits. The author also considers the standards for online Social Work education. Because there are more than 54 million family

James E. Taylor

2004-01-01

239

Modeling Environmental Literacy of University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study proposed an Environmental Literacy Components Model to explain how environmental attitudes, environmental responsibility, environmental concern, and environmental knowledge as well as outdoor activities related to each other. A total of 1,345 university students responded to an environmental literacy survey (Kaplowitz and Levine…

Teksoz, Gaye; Sahin, Elvan; Tekkaya-Oztekin, Ceren

2012-01-01

240

Student Target Marketing Strategies for Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As colleges and universities adopt marketing orientations to an ever-increasing extent, the relative merits of mass marketing and target marketing must also be explored. Researchers identify buyer types as potential students focused on quality, value or economy. On the other axis, learner types are described as those who focus on career,…

Lewison, Dale M.; Hawes, Jon M.

2007-01-01

241

The Typical Dreams of Canadian University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

To investigate the dimensional structure of dreams, the Typical Dreams Questionnaire (TDQ) was administered to 1181 first-year University students in three Canadian cities. A profile of themes was found that varied little by age, gender or region; however, differences that were identified could be interpreted as due to developmental milestones, personality attributes or sociocultural factors. Factor analysis produced a solution

Tore A. Nielsen; Antonio L. Zadra; Val ´ erie Simard; Sébastien Saucier; Philippe Stenstrom; Carlyle Smith; Don Kuiken

2003-01-01

242

A Study of High School Attendance Representing Mexican Culture from the Perspective of Students, Parents, and Teachers: A Policy Recommendation for Student Vacations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Kennett High School faces an attendance problem with a portion of its Mexican student population. These students vacation for a period of time beyond the winter break established by the district's school calendar. A practice was implemented when staff members noticed that students "disappeared" mostly in December and January. This project took a…

Jenkins, Tomorrow S.

2009-01-01

243

Stressors and Reactions to Stressors Among University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: University students are prone to stressors due to the transitional nature of university life. High levels of stress are believed to affect students’ health as well as their academic performance.Aims: The aims of this study were to identify stressors and reactions to stressors among university students, and to examine the correlations between student stressors and study variables.Methods: A correlational

Shaher H. Hamaideh

2011-01-01

244

Travel demand and behavior of university students in Hong Kong  

Microsoft Academic Search

University students represent an emerging market for the travel industry. This paper reports the findings of a study on the travel behavior and travel patterns of Hong Kong university students. Using a questionnaire, a survey was conducted to identify student travel motives, their travel planning process and travel preferences. A total of 264 university students in Hong Kong were interviewed

Vincent C. S. Heung; Jennifer S. L. Leong

2006-01-01

245

Phenomenology and Its Implications for Gifted Studies Research: Investigating the Lebenswelt of Academically Gifted Students Attending an Elementary Magnet School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Fifteen gifted students (grades 1-6) in a magnet school participated in phenomenological interviews. The students described the social milieu of the school as the backdrop for the meaning of the experience of attending the school. Four themes emerged across magnet school experiences, others, role, personal development, and time. (Contains…

Cross, Tracy L.; Stewart, Roger A.; Coleman, Laurence J.

2003-01-01

246

Predictors of Timely Doctoral Student Completions by Type of Attendance: The Utility of a Pragmatic Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Federal government changes to the funding of doctoral students have focused the attention of university management on their completion rates. The aims of this paper are to inform the allocation of institutional resources in a manner that improves the likelihood of timely doctoral completions and to highlight a process that can also be used for…

Rodwell, John; Neumann, Ruth

2008-01-01

247

Predictors of Timely Doctoral Student Completions by Type of Attendance: The Utility of a Pragmatic Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Federal government changes to the funding of doctoral students have focused the attention of university management on their completion rates. The aims of this paper are to inform the allocation of institutional resources in a manner that improves the likelihood of timely doctoral completions and to highlight a process that can also be used for…

Rodwell, John; Neumann, Ruth

2008-01-01

248

The Association between Cultural Orientation and Drinking Behaviors among University Students in Wuhan, China  

PubMed Central

Objectives This study examines the association between cultural orientation and drinking behaviors among university students. Cultural orientation is the measure of how the cultural values of individuals living in their own society are influenced by cultural values introduced from the outside. Methods In 2011, a cross-sectional survey collected data from 1279 university students from six universities in central China. Participants used a likert scale to rank a series of statements reflecting cultural values from the previously validated Chinese Cultural Orientation Scale and answered questions about their drinking behaviors and socio-demographic characteristics. Results Statistically significant differences in cultural orientation were observed for gender, hometown and type of university attendance. Traditional-oriented students were more likely to be occasional drinkers or nondrinkers, while marginal-oriented students, bicultural-oriented students and western-oriented students were more likely to be regular drinkers. Bicultural orientation (OR?=?1.80, P<0.05) and marginal orientation (OR?=?1.64, P<0.05) increased the likelihood of the student being regular drinking, compared to students with traditional orientations. Males (OR?=?4.40, P<0.05) had a higher likelihood of regular drinking than females, graduate students (OR?=?2.59, P<0.05) had a higher likelihood of regular drinking than undergraduates, students from urban areas (OR?=?1.79, P<0.05) had a higher likelihood of regular drinking than those from towns/rural areas, and students attending key universities (OR?=?0.48, P<0.05) had a lower likelihood of regular drinking than those attending general universities. Conclusions Cultural orientation influences drinking behaviors. Traditional cultural orientation was associated with less drinking while western cultural orientation, marginal cultural orientation and bicultural orientation were associated with more drinking. The role of gender, hometown and university attendance is partially moderated through the influence of cultural orientation. The relationship between a traditional cultural orientation and alcohol drinking suggests that traditional Chinese cultural values should be examined for their role in possibly reducing alcohol-related risks through education and policy initiatives.

Tang, Hongxiu; Cai, Weibin; Wang, Hongjing; Zhang, Qing; Qian, Ling; Shell, Duane F.; Newman, Ian M.; Yin, Ping

2013-01-01

249

How Social Class Differences Affect Students' Experience of University  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present paper outlines the experiences reported by students from different social class backgrounds who have recently graduated from university. Students from manual skilled and partly skilled backgrounds were classed as disadvantaged, while students from professional or intermediate backgrounds were classed as advantaged. Data were collected from the same cohort of students on seven occasions across their university career. Students

RICHARD COOKE; MICHAEL BARKHAM; KERRY AUDIN; MARGARET BRADLEY

2004-01-01

250

Perceptions of mumps and MMR vaccination among university students in England: an online survey.  

PubMed

Mumps is easily preventable through vaccination. Investigation of a number of recent mumps outbreaks in universities in the North West of England, however, found that affected students were either not vaccinated or only partially vaccinated. An online survey of students (n=2456) attending five universities in the region was undertaken during 2010 to establish MMR vaccination status, knowledge of mumps and willingness to take up vaccination if offered. Regression analysis was undertaken to identify characteristics of unimmunized students to ascertain likely target groups for future vaccination campaigns. Students least likely to be fully vaccinated with MMR included males; those not registered with a GP; first year students; mature students; and those with poor knowledge of mumps. A high proportion of students were willing to accept MMR vaccination if offered at university. Those least likely to take up vaccination included students not registered with a GP; mature students; and those who did not consider mumps to be a serious disease. The survey also highlighted that misconceptions remain about both the MMR vaccine safety and perceptions of risk/benefit of the vaccine. Encouraging registration with a GP and awareness raising should be a key part of campaigns to improve vaccination uptake among university students. PMID:22705081

Bolton-Maggs, Diane; Conrad, David; Keenan, Alex; Lamden, Ken; Ghebrehewet, Sam; Vivancos, Roberto

2012-06-21

251

Determinants of Spectator Attendance at Historically Black Colleges' and Universities' Football Games  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Spectator attendance is a popular topic in the sport management literature. However, the primary focus of work done in this area has been examining professional sports, with collegiate sports lagging far behind. The impetus behind the focus on spectator attendance in collegiate sports is the potential impact it can have on increasing revenue in…

Stringfellow, Donnie

2011-01-01

252

Determinants of Spectator Attendance at Historically Black Colleges' and Universities' Football Games  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spectator attendance is a popular topic in the sport management literature. However, the primary focus of work done in this area has been examining professional sports, with collegiate sports lagging far behind. The impetus behind the focus on spectator attendance in collegiate sports is the potential impact it can have on increasing revenue in athletic programs. However, there still is

Donnie Stringfellow

2011-01-01

253

Violencia Intrafamiliar que afecta a Estudiantes de Educación Básica y Media en Bogotá Intra-family violence affecting students attending basic- and middle- schools in Bogotá  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective Determining levels of intra-family violence associated with students attending schools in Ciudad Bolivar, Bogotá, Colombia. Material and methods The sample consisted of 3 226 students from the 6th to 11th grades attending state schools located in Ciudad Bolivar in Bogotá. The data was collected from a survey in which the students' perception of violence in their homes was determined;

Edilberto Cepeda-Cuervo; Evelyn Moncada-Sánchez; Viviana P. Álvarez

254

Improving the Attendance Rate for African American Male Students in an After School Reading Program through Parental Involvement, Positive Male Role Models, and Tutorial Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This practicum was designed to improve the attendance rate for African American male students in the After School Reading Is Fundamental (RIF) program. The attendance rate for male students was far below that of female students. The following strategies to increase male participation in the reading program were developed: local businesses and…

Tanksley, Mary Dennard

255

Trace elements in foods and meals consumed by students attending the faculty cafeteria.  

PubMed

The content and intake of some trace elements (Pb, Cd, Ni, Hg, Cr) in meals, consumed by students attending the Faculty Cafeteria, were assessed. The study was carried out over 6 days of the 2nd week of February, 1993 and in three consecutive days of the second week of May. In those periods 10453 and 4055 students attended the cafeteria, respectively. After recording the ingredients and the preparation and cooking methods, some edible portions of foods and dishes were collected, homogenised, lyophilised and kept in polyethylene bottles until analysis. We found few differences in food content and dietary intake of some (Ni and Cr) but not all trace elements between February and May. Higher levels of Pb, Cd, Ni, Cr were present in bread (21.5+/-14.0, 5.6+/-0.02, 55.6+/-1.7 and 66.9+/-0.1 microg/100 g of edible portion, respectively), followed by meat, filled pasta and cheese, whereas lower values were observed in vegetables and fruit. The highest Hg content was recorded in the pasta group. Among the most frequently consumed foods and meals, the highest levels of P, Pb, Cr, Hg, Ni were found in bread, meat and pasta. The calculation of mean trace element intake, corrected for leftovers, showed pasta, bread and meat as the main sources of Pb, Cd, Ni, Hg and Cr over the two periods. The estimated potential tolerated weekly intake (PTWI) resulted high for Pb and Cd and low for Hg. Finally, a large variability in trace element content between raw and cooked foods was observed. These results give valuable information on trace element content of foods to be used for preparation of meals at the Faculty cafeteria in different seasons. PMID:11883754

Alberti-Fidanza, Adalberta; Burini, Giovanni; Perriello, Gabriele

2002-03-15

256

International Students' Experiences of University Libraries and Librarians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

International students constitute a significant proportion of the Australian university population, and thus of the university library-using population. Drawing on qualitative research findings, this paper discusses the library-related experiences and perceptions of international students at two Australian universities. While the students'…

Hughes, Hilary

2010-01-01

257

Health promotion in university: what do students want?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This qualitative research was designed to investigate students' health needs and their views on health promotion in a University. A total of 31 students participated in focus group discussions. Inductive analysis revealed two central themes: student health concerns and health promotion in a University setting. The former included issues associated with adjustment to life at University, health-related lifestyle behaviours and

Cathy Dunne; Maggie Somerset

2004-01-01

258

Non-Medical Prescription Drug Use among University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: Non-medical prescription drug use is an increasing problem among university students. Purpose: The present study investigated university students' involvement in non-medical prescription drug (NMPD) use and associations between use and other risky behaviors. Methods: A sample of 363 university students completed a four page survey…

Vidourek, Rebecca A.; King, Keith A.; Knopf, Ellen E.

2010-01-01

259

Clinical significance of low serum magnesium in pregnant women attending the University of Benin Teaching Hospital.  

PubMed

Objective: Magnesium level is known to decline during pregnancy. A suggested role for magnesium deficiency in conditions like pre-eclampsia and pre-term birth has prompted studies with conflicting evidence. The primary objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of hypomagnesemia in pregnancy, while the secondary objectives attempted to define maternal and fetal outcome due to hypomagnesemia. Subjects and Methods: A pilot study was performed to determine the mean serum magnesium level for the population of female patients attending the University of Benin Teaching Hospital. The result of the pregnant population in the pilot study was used as a reference for hypomagnesemia in this study. Thereafter, a prospective cohort study of antenatal women recruited in the second trimester and followed-up till delivery and 1 week post-partum was done. Serum magnesium estimates were done with samples collected at recruitment and delivery. The magnesium levels determined at recruitment were used to divide the subjects into two groups of hypomagnesemic and normomagnesemic patients. Their sociodemographic and clinical characteristics were used to generate a database for analysis. Results: The prevalence of magnesium deficiency was 16.25%. Hypomagnesemia was significantly correlated with the occurrence of pre-eclampsia ( P = 0.011), leg cramps ( P = 0.000) and pre-term birth ( P = 0.030). A logistic regression analysis showed that hypomagnesemia had an Odds ratio of 22 for pre-eclampsia. There was no maternal mortality or early neonatal death. Conclusion: Pre-eclampsia and pre-term birth are associated with hypomagnesemia in pregnancy; hence, magnesium supplementation or magnesium-rich diet consisting of green leafy vegetables, soy milk and legumes may improve outcome. PMID:23974737

Enaruna, N O; Ande, Aba; Okpere, E E

260

Intramurals for Handicapped Students at Kent State University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As an outgrowth of a student project, a recreational swimming program for handicapped students at Kent State University proved to be such a success that intramural basketball competitions were organized for students confined to wheelchairs. (JN)

Vannoy, Winona

1981-01-01

261

A comparison of the college selection process for international and domestic student-athletes at NCAA Division I universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to uncover the most important factors in the college selection process for international student-athletes attending NCAA Division I universities in the United States and to compare those factors with ones indicated by domestic student-athletes. A sample of 355 student-athletes, including 192 internationals, from 15 NCAA Division I schools were surveyed using a 39-item questionnaire.

Nels Popp; David Pierce; Mary A. Hums

2011-01-01

262

Attraction and Retention of Students at the University of Montana.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reasons that students enter or leave the University of Montana (UM) were studied in fall 1983. Consideration was given to first-term freshmen of traditional age, slightly older students (under age 25), transfer students, dropouts, and students who persisted at the university for 1 academic year. In study phase 1, attention was directed to…

Corak, Kitty

263

Psychological distress among university female students and their need for mental health services.  

PubMed

Psychological distress among university students, especially young women, is of increasing concern. This study focuses on the prevalence of psychological distress among female university students and their need for mental health services. The analysis is based on two cross-sectional surveys, an internet survey among women students attending the University of Iceland in the spring of 2007, and a postal survey of Icelandic female adults conducted in the Fall of 2006. Psychological distress was measured with the Symptom Checklist-90 Depression and Anxiety subscales. The prevalence of above-threshold depression and anxiety among the university women students was 22.5% and 21.2% respectively. Results showed that the mean depression score was significantly lower among the students than among women of the same age in the general population. However, little less than one-third of students with elevated distress levels received any professional help. Only 1.4% of the distressed students received mental help care from nurses. The high proportion of distressed female students not receiving professional help is a challenge to the primary health-care system and the nursing profession. This also raises questions about the adequacy of the current system of health-care delivery and the potential advantages of on-campus health services, in closer proximity to the students. PMID:22988953

Bernhardsdóttir, J; Vilhjálmsson, R

2012-09-19

264

Minority Stress and College Persistence Attitudes Among African American, Asian American, and Latino Students: Perception of University Environment as a Mediator  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined whether perception of university environment mediated the association between minority status stress and college persistence attitudes after controlling for perceived general stress. Participants were 160 Asian American, African American, and Latino students who attended a predominantly White university. Results of a path model analysis showed that university environment was a significant mediator for the association between minority status

Meifen Wei; Tsun-Yao Ku; Kelly Yu-Hsin Liao

2011-01-01

265

The Prevalence of Domestic Violence Among Pregnant Women Who Were Attended in Iran University of Medical Science Hospitals  

Microsoft Academic Search

The prevalence of domestic violence (DV) during pregnancy could be high and is associated with significant psychological and\\u000a physical impairment for mother and the fetus. The major objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of DV in expectant\\u000a mothers who have attended the Iran University of Medical Sciences’ Hospitals (IUMS). In this cross-sectional study, 1,800\\u000a subjects were interviewed

Shayesteh Jahanfar; Zahra Malekzadegan

2007-01-01

266

Minority Students and Research Universities: How to Overcome the "Mismatch"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A controversial theory much in the news lately claims that affirmative action is often unfair to the very students it is intended to help. Called the "mismatch" theory, it suggests that underrepresented minority students are more likely to leave science, math, and engineering when, because of affirmative action, they attend colleges for which…

Tapia, Richard A.

2009-01-01

267

College Choices: 1994. Part A. By College Attended. Tables Only.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document presents data in lists and in tabular form on colleges attended by graduates of Oregon secondary schools for the fall of 1994. The lists presented include the seven state universities, 16 community colleges, and 20 private colleges and universities within the state attended by these students. The first table presents a breakdown by…

Oregon State Dept. of Education, Salem. Office of Educational Policy and Planning.

268

A Study to Determine the Effect of Athletic Participation on the Academic Performance, Attendance, and Discipline of Hispanic Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine whether selected independent variables are good predictors of athletic participation among Mexican students. The selected independent variables were gender, GPA, attendance, discipline referrals, and success on the Georgia High School Graduation Test. The dependent variable was participation in athletics.…

Ramsey, Scott D.

2010-01-01

269

Grades and Attendance: Is There a Link between Them with Respect to First Year Undergraduate Criminology Students?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses the findings of research concerned with analysing the relationship between student attendance to core first year undergraduate criminology and criminal justice modules and the grades they receive in their first summative assessed coursework task for these modules. The research took place against the background of a concern…

Chamberlain, John Martyn

2012-01-01

270

Attendance and Chronic Absenteeism in Indiana: The Impact on Student Achievement. Education Policy Brief, Volume 10, Number 3, Summer 2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Education Policy Brief summarizes the research and data analysis completed by the Center for Evaluation and Education Policy (CEEP) on Indiana's student attendance and absenteeism data. The study was initiated by The Indiana Partnerships Center and conducted by CEEP with funding from USA Funds and State Farm. Additional partners in the study…

Spradlin, Terry; Cierniak, Katherine; Shi, Dingjing; Chen, Minge

2012-01-01

271

Smoking determinants in Turkish university students.  

PubMed

The aim was to explore the prevalence and the correlates of smoking in a group of Turkish university students. A sample of 1,870 students (21.2 +/- 2.0 years old) completed the Beck Depression Inventory, Beck Hopelessness Scale, Anxiety Sensitivity Index, 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale. Smoking was highly prevalent (35.9%) in this sample. Male gender (OR = 2.72, CI 2.15-3.44), and parental smoking (OR = 1.41, CI 1.13-1.78) were factors associated with increased likelihood of smoking. Higher depressive symptoms and hopelessness levels were significantly related to smoking behavior. Smoking behavior might initiate as a mild and transient habit and unfortunately could become more serious and lead to an actual dependence. The results of this study show that it is necessary to pay attention to levels of depression and hopelessness, as well as parental influence. PMID:19742158

Celikel, Feryal C; Celikel, Serhat; Erkorkmaz, Unal

2009-08-12

272

Bullying at a university: students' experiences of bullying  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focuses on bullying at a Finnish university. In May 2010 an e-questionnaire was sent to each university student (N?=?10,551), and 27% of these students (N?=?2,805) responded. According to the results, 5% of the university students had experienced either indirect public bullying or direct verbal bullying on campus. In most cases, the bully was another student, although almost as

Hanna-Maija Sinkkonen; Helena Puhakka; Matti Meriläinen

2012-01-01

273

Approaches to Studying of Australian and Overseas Chinese University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article takes up the question of whether the approaches to study adopted by Australian students and overseas Chinese students differ. Participants in the study consisted of 202 first?year Australian students and 248 first?year overseas Chinese students drawn from two Australian universities. The students were tested using the Approaches to Studying Inventory (ASI). The data obtained from the two groups

Swee Noi Smith; Robyn J. Miller; Boris Crassini

1998-01-01

274

Differences in Resilience and University Adjustment between School Leaver and Mature Entry University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research shows that mature entry and school leaver students have vastly different experiences when transitioning to the university environment. It is suggested that the transition to university is a major life transition and thus is a period of great stress. For mature entry students and school leaver students, the impacts upon adjustment to university are varied during the transition to

Brent Munro; Julie Ann Pooley

2009-01-01

275

Sexual behavior among university students in Nigera.  

PubMed

Sexual behavior patterns among Nigerian university students and factors influencing them were studied. While permarital cohabitation is common, a large percentage (48%) had their first coital experience between the ages of 22 and 27. Religion does not appear to have a strong inhibiting influence on premarital sex, although it does affect the frequency of changing partners. Contraceptives, although known to almost all the respondents, are not widely used. The use of contraceptives had little influence on premarital cohabitation. Oral-genital, male-male, and female-female sexual practices are very uncommon. PMID:420572

Soyinka, F

1979-01-01

276

Attitudes Toward Date Rape Among University Students in South Korea  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to examine attitudes toward date rape among university students in South Korea. Participants\\u000a included 163 students recruited from two universities in South Korea. Results show that male students were less rejecting\\u000a of date rape-tolerant attitudes than female students were. Also, male students were less rejecting of the belief that the\\u000a use of force to

Joohee Lee; Noël Bridget Busch; Jinseok Kim; Hyunsung Lim

2007-01-01

277

International Students: The Canadian experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is an analysis of the results of a voluntary on?line survey administered to international students attending Canadian universities. The participants include students attending a full programme of study as well as English as a second language (ESL) and exchange students. This study examines the role of the university with reference to providing the pertinent information\\/services to the students,

Paul J. Madgett; Charles Bélanger

2008-01-01

278

Clinical and socio-demographic characteristics of university students referred to an eating disorders service.  

PubMed

This study describes the socio-demographic characteristics and eating disorders symptomatology of university students assessed by a specialised NHS eating disorders service in the UK over a 4-year period. Information was gathered on past treatment history, source of referral, details of university and course of study, whether the patient was still open to the service or discharged, and if the patient had dropped out of contact from services. The study also describes the diagnosis of the assessed patients as well as the results of the Eating Disorders Inventory (EDI), Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) and Revised Symptom Check List 90 (SCL-90-R) questionnaires. The study shows that the university students attending an eating disorder service often suffer from severe conditions, which are generally well-established before they start their university studies. The study discusses the implication of those results in service delivery and future service development. PMID:17676683

Arcelus, Jon; Button, Eric

2007-03-01

279

Welcome to a New World: Experiences of American Indian Tribal College and University Transfer Students at Predominantly White Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study utilizes an Indigenous methodology and phenomenological methods to better understand the experiences of eight American Indian tribal college and university (TCU) students who transferred to four-year Predominantly White Institutions (PWIs). The participants attended TCUs and PWIs located in the Midwest, a geographic area that is…

Makomenaw, Matthew Van Alstine

2012-01-01

280

An Examination of AVID Graduates' College Preparation and Postsecondary Progress: Community College versus 4-Year University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This quantitative study sought to investigate how Advancement Via Individual Determination (AVID) and other high school college preparatory achievements contributed to the college success of underrepresented students enrolled in community colleges and 4-year universities. Eighty-five AVID graduates from 12 Texas high schools attending 5…

Huerta, Jeffery; Watt, Karen M.; Reyes, Patricia

2013-01-01

281

Fostering hand washing before lunch by students attending a special needs young adult program.  

PubMed

A multiple baseline across groups design was used to investigate the effects of a treatment package on hand washing before lunch by five students with disabilities who attended a young adult educational program. To evaluate hand washing, a lotion called Glo Germ was applied to participants' hands. Glo Germ is visible under a black light, which allowed the quality of hand washing to be assessed by comparing the amount visible before and after hand washing using a 3-point scale. Following a baseline period in which hand washing was assessed, participants were exposed to a hand washing training procedure, which improved one participant's hand washing. Next, a lottery system was imposed in which the number of lottery tickets earned each day depended on the quality of hand washing, specifically, on the rating assigned (0, 1, or 2). This condition was associated with improved hand washing by the other four participants. Finally, a condition adding feedback to the lottery system resulted in further improvements in the quality of hand washing for all participants. Follow up data indicated modest maintenance of hand washing after lunch. These results suggest that treatment packages similar to that used in the present study merit further investigation and that Glo Germ is of value in ascertaining the quality of hand washing. PMID:22940163

Walmsley, Christopher; Mahoney, Amanda; Durgin, Amy; Poling, Alan

2012-08-30

282

Academic Achievement and Socioemotional Adjustment Among Chinese University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chinese Americans have been considered as high achievers and excellent students. In this study, the academic performance, majors, study habits, and socioemotional adjustment of 177 Chinese university students were examined. Data were collected through official university records, questionnaires, and inventories. Students were divided into three groups, depending on place of birth and length of residency in the United States. Results

Stanley Sue; Nolan W. S. Zane

1985-01-01

283

BRAIN FAG SYMPTOMS AMONG BLACK SOUTH AFRICAN UNIVERSITY STUDENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study investigated brain fag symptoms in South African university students. A Cultural Orientation Scale, a Student Stress Scale, and a Self Reporting Questionnaire were administered to collect data on socioeconomic background, cultural orientation, stress events, neurotic disorder and brain fag symptoms. The sample consisted of 185 first year social science students from the University of the North, South Africa.

Karl Peltzer

2002-01-01

284

Value Domains of Turkish Adults and University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors identified the basic dimensions of contemporary values among Turkish university students and adults and explored gender and group (adults vs. students) differences in the importance attributed to particular value types. The authors administered a composite value survey to 101 students from different departments of Middle East Technical University and 101 adults from different parts of Ankara. Factor analysis

Zahide Karakitapo?lu Aygün; E. Olcay Imamo?lu

2002-01-01

285

University Students' Online Information Searching Strategies in Different Search Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigates the role of search context played in university students' online information searching strategies. A total of 304 university students in Taiwan were surveyed with questionnaires in which two search contexts were defined as searching for learning, and searching for daily life information. Students' online search strategies…

Tsai, Meng-Jung; Liang, Jyh-Chong; Hou, Huei-Tse; Tsai, Chin-Chung

2012-01-01

286

“The good university teacher” as perceived by the students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many universities, recognizing the student as the main consumer of college instruction, have begun to seek his views regarding the quality of teaching. In this study the Israeli student's concept of a “good teacher” has been investigated. A sample of second year university students were asked to select the three most important characteristics of a good teacher from a list

Mordechai Miron; Esther Segal

1978-01-01

287

The Influence of a Research Experiences for Undergraduates Program on Student Perceptions and Desire to Attend Graduate School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Undergraduate research opportunities are valued by university faculty and administrators in part because of the belief that they are useful for attracting students to graduate school. Other perceived benefits are that these programs improve students' engagement in their respective disciplines, enhance students' understanding of theory by…

Willis, David A.; Krueger, Paul S.; Kendrick, Alice

2013-01-01

288

Treatment of Bipolar Disorder in the University Student Population  

Microsoft Academic Search

University counseling centers are faced with the challenge of effectively treating bipolar students while also utilizing brief treatment frameworks and managing high patient volumes. Potential destabilization, particularly within the elevated mood phase, poses significant behavioral management issues for university clinicians and administrators, though for many years the common default position for university counseling centers has been to refer students with

Russ Federman

2010-01-01

289

Powerpoint and Pedagogy: Maintaining Student Interest in University Lectures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This author discusses the relationship between the use of presentation software and the maintenance of student interest in university lectures. The evidence of surveyed university students suggests that PowerPoint, used as a presentation tool in university lectures, is pedagogically effective only while it provides variety and stimulates interest…

Clark, Jennifer

2008-01-01

290

Social Support and Stress among University Students in Jordan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between perception of social support and perceived stress among university students in Jordan. A sample of 241 university students from private and government universities in Jordan answered self-report questionnaires including the perceived social support scale and perceived stress scale.…

Hamdan-Mansour, Ayman M.; Dawani, Hania A.

2008-01-01

291

Accounting for Tibetan University Students' and Teachers' Intellectual Styles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The primary objective of this study was to further understand Tibetan university students' learning styles through investigating Tibetan university teachers' teaching styles and their preferred student learning styles. This objective was achieved by analysing the interview data from a group of Tibetan university teachers and the comparative…

Zhang, Li-Fang; Fu, Hong; Jiao, Ben

2008-01-01

292

Beliefs about alcohol use among university students.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to analyze and compare standards of consumption and beliefs about alcohol among university students. There were 255 students who participated in this study. Of all the students, 61 were taking up psychology, 106 were taking up medicine, and 88 were taking up business administration. We used a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Inventory of Personal Expectations and Beliefs About Alcohol, and the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) as study instruments. Of the total sample, 83.9% consumed alcohol. There was good correlation between the marks in the inventory and the total score in the AUDIT-R (0.519; p < .01); the more positive the beliefs about alcohol and its effects were, the higher the scores in the AUDIT were. Many beliefs are associated with risk behaviors, and identifying them can contribute to prevention strategies and health promotion. Alcohol abuse and its consequences, especially for young people, are important aspects of public health and justify studies such as this one. Action strategies must be wide-reaching and directed toward cultural change. They must serve to foster discussions and take into account the real implications that alcohol use has for public health. PMID:16919746

Bitarello do Amaral, Michaela; Lourenço, Lélio M; Ronzani, Telmo M

2006-07-18

293

Intake Procedures as a Factor in Identifying and Addressing Barriers to Attendance of Adult Education Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study explored the nature of intake procedures of Texas adult education programs. Research on barriers to attendance and strategies for retention were reviewed, and the current use of intake procedures to identify and address barriers to attendance was summarized through a survey of 374 Literacy, Even Start Family Literacy, Adult Basic Education…

Hubble, Judy Hafley

294

Improving Academic Achievement of Students with Problematic Attendance by Implementing a Multisystemic School-Based Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study addressed the problem of poor attendance adversely affecting grades and learning. Current school policies do not address problematic attendance for all school-aged children, perpetuating trends of academic failure. The research objective was to determine if unexcused absences had a greater negative impact on a high-stakes test compared…

Kay, James Edward

2010-01-01

295

Intake Procedures as a Factor in Identifying and Addressing Barriers to Attendance of Adult Education Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study explored the nature of intake procedures of Texas adult education programs. Research on barriers to attendance and strategies for retention were reviewed, and the current use of intake procedures to identify and address barriers to attendance was summarized through a survey of 374 Literacy, Even Start Family Literacy, Adult Basic…

Hubble, Judy Hafley

296

Ulcerative Colitis in University Students (A 20 Year Interim Report)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In order to give students with colitis the best chance of completing school, a very close relationship between previous physicians and student health services, and university physicians and consulting gastroenterologists must be developed. (Author)|

Ray, Mary M.

1970-01-01

297

Delayed Sleep and Sleep Loss in University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A sample of 211 first-year psychology students completed a questionnaire of sleep habits and difficulities. It was discovered that Delayed Sleep Phase Syndrome may be a significant problem in university student populations. (Author/JD)

Lack, Leon C.

1986-01-01

298

Poverty, debt, and conspicuous consumption: university students tourism experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to the media and student unions the student population in the UK is living in a state of poverty where it is difficult for them to afford basic needs. Consequently, students claim they have been forced to seek employment during university term-time and vacations. It may be hypothesized that the financial problems facing students place fiscal constraints on their

Neil Carr

2005-01-01

299

An Empirical Study of State University Students' Perceived Service Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: This paper aims to identify: university students' perceived service quality dimensions; the dimensions contributing most towards overall students' perceived service quality; and whether there is a difference in perceived quality level of each dimension based on students' year of study and gender in the context of undergraduate students

Sumaedi, Sik; Bakti, Gede Mahatma Yuda; Metasari, Nur

2012-01-01

300

College and University Student Migration: The Case of Virginia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The migration patterns of college and university students in Virginia are described in relation to other states, public and private institutions, male and female students, student educational level, the migration deficit, and future migration patterns. Based on 1968 statistics the out-migration of Virginia students exceeds the in-migration of…

Lankford, Francis G., Jr.; Taylor, Alton L.

1971-01-01

301

Differences between Students' and Lecturers' Perceptions of Factors Influencing Students' Academic Success at University  

Microsoft Academic Search

Qualitative data from 46 lecturers and 72 students were used to identify factors that were perceived as making the most important contributions to students' academic success at university and factors that were perceived as most likely to lead to student failure at university. A questionnaire based on this information was administered to a further 112 lecturers and 392 students. The

Roy Killen

1994-01-01

302

The Brighton University Resource Kit for Students  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Brighton University Resource Kit for Students (BURKS) is an archive with "compilers, tutorials and reference manuals for dozens of different programming languages, a dictionary of computing with over 13,000 entries...a vast amount of useful software, information about the Internet itself, and much more." BURKS is primarily intended for individuals who do not have access to an Internet connection, which is why the collection mostly consists of resources from external websites. The collection is distributed on CD and DVD, but fortunately has been made available online for those with Internet access. Many of the items in the resource kit have been stored conveniently as a local version directly on this site, so as to keep such valuable material online even if the original site is deactivated. Spanning over four compact discs, BURKS is a remarkable compilation of useful computer-related information.

English, John

303

Student attitudes toward concealed handguns on campus at 2 universities.  

PubMed

We examined student support for a policy that would allow carrying of concealed handguns on university campuses. Large percentages of students at 2 universities expressed very low levels of comfort with the idea of permitting concealed handgun carrying on campus, suggesting that students may not welcome less restrictive policies. Students held slightly different opinions about concealed handguns on and off campus, suggesting that they view the campus environment as unique with respect to concealed handgun carrying. PMID:22720763

Cavanaugh, Michael R; Bouffard, Jeffrey A; Wells, William; Nobles, Matt R

2012-06-21

304

THE IMPACT OF HISTORICALLY BLACK COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES ON THE ACADEMIC SUCCESS OF AFRICAN-AMERICAN STUDENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anchored in national longitudinal data analyzed through hierarchical linear and non-linear modeling, this study found that\\u000a African-American students have a similar probability of obtaining a BA degree whether they attended a historically Black college\\u000a or university (HBCU) or a historically White college or university (HWCU). Among African-Americans, females are more likely\\u000a to obtain a baccalaureate degree than males. Especially given

Mikyong Minsun Kim; Clifton F. Conrad

2006-01-01

305

[Study among university students in Seville].  

PubMed

The authors describe the feeding habits of nursing students at the Francisco Maldonado University School of Nursing in Osuna. Usually, they eat three meals a day, breakfast, lunch and supper and the majority dine in their academic dormitory. The most common breakfast is coffee accompanied by toast. Cooking for oneself or for one's colleagues is a common custom. The students in our sample have feeding habits which are characterized by a high consumption of meat, an adequate consumption of complex carbohydrates as shown by eating an average of 3.48 servings of rice or pasta per week and an inadequate consumption of the following: an average of 3.48 servings per week of vegetables, 4.75 servings per week of fruit, 2.22 servings per week of fish, 3.97 servings per week of bread, and 5.5 servings per week of milk. The data obtained indicate that the feeding habits of this sample study group are not the adequate ones. PMID:15067844

Guerra Martín, M; Párraga Escoz, A; Ponce Morilla, I; Rubio Cañada, R

2004-02-01

306

Entering the University: The Differentiated Experience of Two Chinese International Students in a New Zealand University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article draws on findings from a longitudinal study of Chinese international students beginning study in a New Zealand university, and focuses on the very different experience of two students in relation to a single course and its assessment requirements, as they sought ways to negotiate identities as university students in their new…

Skyrme, Gillian

2007-01-01

307

Effectiveness of University Bridging Programs in Preparing Students for University Education: A Case from East Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Study abroad brings several advantages to students, universities, countries, and academe. However, across countries with incongruent preuniversity education structures, some students are denied admission to foreign universities, due to gaps in their admissibility. Some institutions offer university bridging programs, to enhance the admissibility…

Ssempebwa, Jude; Eduan, Wilson; Mulumba, Fawz Nassir

2012-01-01

308

The Impact of the Mathematics Support Centre on the Grades of First Year Students at the National University of Ireland Maynooth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we consider the mathematics grades of first year students at the National University of Ireland Maynooth and the influence that the Mathematics Support Centre (MSC) has on these grades. We will consider the evidence to suggest that the MSC has a positive effect on the grades of the students who attend the centre. It seems to be…

Mac an Bhaird, Ciaran; Morgan, Tadhg; O'Shea, Ann

2009-01-01

309

Students get taste of university life at Notre Dame  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homer Simpson - a pain in the buttock; To Catch a Thief - a day in the life of a forensic corporate investigator; and Sports Sciences Testing – the fastest, strongest and most powerful.\\u000aThese were just some of the topics and fun presentations that students in years 10, 11 and 12 had the chance to attend as part of

Leigh Dawson

2012-01-01

310

Environmental Awareness and Attitude among Iranian Students in Malaysian Universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focuses on environmental awareness and attitude among Iranian students in Malaysian universities. It evaluates the awareness and attitude of a group of 541 from 14 universities. The figure to 541 is considered the representative of these students and the selection was based on Stratified Random sampling method and G-power soft ware. A set of questionnaire which comprised of

Z. Aminrad; M. Azizi; M. Wahab; R. Huron; M. Nawawi

311

The Prediction of University Students' Willingness to Seek Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this research is to determine the variables that qualify the help seeking behavior (willingness to seek counseling) of Turkish university students. A total of 5829 college students (2974 females, 2841 males, 14 unknown) from eleven universities in Turkey have participated in the study. Personal Form, Self Concealment Scale, Willingness…

Erkan, Serdar; Ozbay, Yasar; Cihangir-Cankaya, Zeynep; Terzi, Serife

2012-01-01

312

Linking School-University Collaboration and K-12 Student Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides a platform for an array of educators to discuss the impact of professional development schools and other school-university partnerships on student learning. The 11 papers include: (1) "Using Research to Connect School-University Partnerships to Student Outcomes" (Lee Teitel); (2) "Making a Difference: A Professional Development…

Wiseman, Donna L., Ed.; Knight, Stephanie L., Ed.

313

The First Female University Student: Anna Maria van Schurman (1636)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Who was the first female university student in the Netherlands? Pose this question to anyone in the Netherlands and the incorrect answer Aletta Jacobs will probably come your way. But more than two centuries earlier, in 1636, Anna Maria van Schurman had become the first female university student in Utrecht, and thereby the first in the Netherlands and even in

P. van Beek

2010-01-01

314

University Students' Views on the Utility of Psychiatric Advance Directives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: Rates of serious mental illnesses (SMIs) among university students are increasing, and universities are struggling with how to respond to students who show SMI symptoms. Psychiatric advance directives (PADs) allow individuals, when well, to document their wishes for treatment during a psychiatric crisis. This project explored the…

Scheyett, Anna M.; Rooks, Adrienne

2012-01-01

315

Using Mobile Phones to Prepare for University Lectures: Student's Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we present findings from a study of students' use of mobile phones in a biology course at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU). Using a qualitative research approach we focus on how mobile phones can complement and add value to the educational challenge of encouraging university students to obtain some topic…

Rismark, Marit; Solvberg, Astrid M.; Stromme, Alex; Hokstad, Leif Martin

2007-01-01

316

Sentence Structure Aberrations in English Writings of Japanese University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Japanese university English-as-a-Foreign-Language (EFL) students have problems structuring English sentences, especially complex compound sentences. This study reviewed undergraduate EFL student writings from three Japanese universities to identify common sentence structure aberrations. Four types of sentence structure aberrations were examined:…

Izzo, John

317

Energy Drink Consumption Among Boise State University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this exploratory study was to study energy drink consumption among Boise State University students. A convenience sample of 106 participants was recruited from the Boise State University student population. Surveys were administered in a classroom setting during October 2008 with instructor permission. Participation was voluntary, and each participant was given the option to decline or withdraw from

Koree Hawkes; Jen Ambrose; Liz Burlo; Danielle Roskelley

2009-01-01

318

Students' Views of Distance Education Provision at One University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Providing university students with distance education is of great importance in the global world. Distance education provides advantages and benefits especially for students who don't have the chance to meet lecturers from other universities face to face. Distance education connects the learner and teacher to resources that are difficult to…

Ilter, Binnur Genc; Aksu, Mualla Bilgin; Yilmaz, Nalan

2005-01-01

319

Social Class, Identity and the "Good" Student: Negotiating University Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through the use of narrative portraits this paper discusses social class and identity, as working-class university students perceive them. With government policy encouraging wider participation rates from under-represented groups of people within the university sector, working-class students have found themselves to be the objects of much…

Pearce, Jane; Down, Barry; Moore, Elizabeth

2008-01-01

320

Cognitive distortions and autonomy among Chinese university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the roles of university students' cognitive distortions in their sense of autonomy. One hundred and three third-year university students from Shanghai, The People's Republic of China, responded to the Cognitive Distortion Scales [Briere, J. (2000). Cognitive Distortion Scales: Professional manual. Lutz, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources, Inc.] and to the Iowa Developing Autonomy

Li-fang Zhang

2008-01-01

321

Awareness of Biotechnological Application: A Study among University Geography Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of this study is to measure the differences of university geography students about biotechnology. Therefore an awareness scale was developed by the researcher. 102 students from six different universities and their academic levels were included in the survey. The findings of the survey were evaluated both descriptively and statistically.…

Ozel, Ali; Terzi, Irfan; Ozel, Emine

2009-01-01

322

A Study of the Leisure Experience of Turkish University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The shortened Leisure Experience Battery, developed by Caldwell, Smith, and Weissinger (1992), was applied to a sample of Turkish university students. The Leisure Experience Battery was developed and tested for US (American) adolescents and university students (Barnett, 2005). In the present study the Battery was used to examine a sample of 207…

Gokturk, Soheyda

2009-01-01

323

The experiences of university students with a mood disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mood disorders typically materialise in young adulthood, a life-stage when many enter university. However, Padron notes that few studies have examined the experiences of students with a mood disorder. The current study offers a thematic analysis of semi-structured interviews with five university students who had personal experience of such a disorder. Participants described how symptoms affected their academic and social

Rachel Demery; Kathryn Thirlaway; Jenny Mercer

2012-01-01

324

The Prevalence of Stalking among Finnish University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study examined the prevalence and nature of stalking among university students in Finland. The prevalence of stalking was analyzed in relation to stalking episodes, violent stalking victimization, the stalker-victim relationship, and stalking duration. A group of Finnish university students were contacted by e-mail and asked to…

Bjorklund, Katja; Hakkanen-Nyholm, Helina; Sheridan, Lorraine; Roberts, Karl

2010-01-01

325

Using texting to support students’ transition to university  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article argues that judicious use of mobile phone text messaging by university staff has the potential to enhance the support provided to students by an academic department during the transition to university. It reports on an evaluation of a desktop computer application, Student Messenger, which enables staff to send text messages from their computers to the mobile phones of

Dave Harley; Sandra Winn; Sarah Pemberton; Paula Wilcox

2007-01-01

326

Assessment of Differences in University Oceanography Students' Scientific Writing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to assess the differences in university oceanography students' scientific writing. Specifically, the authors examine the argumentation structures of a high scoring paper and a low scoring paper. This study was conducted in an introductory level oceanography course in a large public university. In this course students

Takao, Allison Y.; Kelly, Gregory J.

327

Sex Differences in Mathematics Performance and Perceptions of University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was intended to determine whether sex-linked mathematics achievement and contextual differences persist into the university years. A random sample of 150 first-year mathematics students enrolled at a midwestern university was identified. A common 30-item calculus readiness test and a 37-item questionnaire, dealing with students'…

Randhawa, Bikkar S.; And Others

328

Tracing Adult Student Satisfaction in a Large Traditional University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 181 adult students in a university's division of continuing education or university without walls (UWW) programs received 145 responses indicating greater satisfaction among the UWW students than those in traditional majors. Academic advising was especially satisfactory, because UWW advisors may be more aware of adult development…

Greenland, Annette

1992-01-01

329

Managing student access to university information networks - the Australian experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Demand by students for access to institutional computing and network resources is a management issue for universities throughout the world. A survey of the IT directors of Australian universities was conducted. The survey sought details of the provision of IT resources to students and particularly the management of network resources for access to institutional CWISs and to the wider Internet.

Roger Debreceny; Allan Ellis

1998-01-01

330

Social Class, Identity and the "Good" Student: Negotiating University Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Through the use of narrative portraits this paper discusses social class and identity, as working-class university students perceive them. With government policy encouraging wider participation rates from under-represented groups of people within the university sector, working-class students have found themselves to be the objects of much…

Pearce, Jane; Down, Barry; Moore, Elizabeth

2008-01-01

331

University Students' Views on the Utility of Psychiatric Advance Directives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Rates of serious mental illnesses (SMIs) among university students are increasing, and universities are struggling with how to respond to students who show SMI symptoms. Psychiatric advance directives (PADs) allow individuals, when well, to document their wishes for treatment during a psychiatric crisis. This project explored the…

Scheyett, Anna M.; Rooks, Adrienne

2012-01-01

332

Burnout Among the Clinical Dental Students in the Jordanian Universities  

PubMed Central

Background The study aimed to evaluate the level of burnout among the clinical dental students in two Jordanian universities. Methods A total of 307 students from the two schools were surveyed using Maslach Burnout Inventory survey. Scores for the inventory’s subscales were calculated and the mean values for the students’ groups were computed separately. Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests were carried out and the results were compared at 95% confidence level. Results The results showed that the dental students in both Jordanian universities suffered high levels of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization compared to reported levels for dental students in other countries. The dental students of the University of Jordan demonstrated a significantly higher (p < 0.05) level of emotional exhaustion than their counterparts in the Jordan University of Science and Technology. Conclusions The findings indicated that dental students in the Jordanian universities presented considerable degrees of burnout manifested by high levels of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization. Studies targeting students health and psychology should be carried out to determine the causes of burnout among dental students. The curricula of the dental schools in the two universities should be accordingly improved to minimize burnout among the students. Keywords Burnout; Emotional exhaustion; Depersonalization; Personal accomplishment; Maslach Burnout Inventory

Amin, Wala Majid; Al-Ali, Muna H.; Duaibis, Ramzi B.; Oweis, Tamara; Badran, Darwish H.

2009-01-01

333

Very Brief Psychological Interventions with University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Annual college mental health service statistics reveal that 50% to 60% of all students served are seen for very brief psychological interventions—5 or fewer sessions. A substantial portion of the students benefit from these very brief contacts. The authors review the selection criteria for student and therapist that make very brief intervention possible. The student must be motivated for and

Rolffs S. Pinkerton; W. J. Kenneth Rockwell

1994-01-01

334

International Students: The Canadian Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is an analysis of the results of a voluntary on-line survey administered to international students attending Canadian universities. The participants include students attending a full programme of study as well as English as a second language (ESL) and exchange students. This study examines the role of the university with reference to…

Madgett, Paul J.; Belanger, Charles

2008-01-01

335

Motives to study and socialization tactics among university students.  

PubMed

The authors focused on the period following students' admission to university and examined the effects of students' motives to study and socialization tactics on their academic achievement and academic satisfaction. The authors hypothesized that socialization tactics would mediate the relation of motives to study to academic achievement and satisfaction. The findings confirmed the hypotheses and highlighted the importance of students' socialization tactics in the university setting. In addition, the research provided a typology to distinguish different types of socialization tactics. PMID:11999874

Bogler, Ronit; Somech, Anit

2002-04-01

336

Trends in University Student Attitudes and Behavior Toward Drugs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Trends in student attitudes and behavior toward drug use were investigated through administration of two anonymous polls to University of Maryland freshmen during summer, 1971 (N = 538) and summer, 1972 (N = 761). Both polls were designed to investigate the incidence and frequency of drug use among incoming students, as well as students' reasons…

Fago, David P.; Sedlacek, William E.

337

University Students' Wellness: What Difference Can a Course Make?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this article is to describe the influence of a health education course on first year university students. Initially designed to serve the pedagogical needs of physical education, recreation and kinesiology students, the course attracts a diversity of students across disciplines. We assessed the influence of the course as…

Higgins, J. Wharf; Lauzon, L. L.; Yew, A.; Bratseth, C.; Morley, V.

2009-01-01

338

Dating and eating. Beliefs about dating foods among university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dating is an important courtship activity in the U.S., and food consumption is part of dating events. Students use dating scripts to guide decisions and behaviors on dates, and perform scripts on dates to construct positive impression management. This study examined how students conceptualized dating foods. A questionnaire was administered in one large university class, and data from 301 students

Dana E. Amiraian; Jeffery Sobal

2009-01-01

339

Goal Orientations in Russian University Students: From Mastery to Performance?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research in the UK has shown that students start their university career with the goal of mastering their subject, but this focus shifts as they progress through their degree program. Studies have suggested that unlike students in the UK, Russian students continue to take a strong mastery approach to their work. The main aim of this study was to…

Remedios, Richard; Kiseleva, Zoya; Elliott, Joe

2008-01-01

340

Forms Manual. Wichita State University, Student Support Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document consists of forms used by student support services at Wichita State University (Kansas). All forms are computerized using PageMaker 6.0. Many of the forms are intended to be completed on the computer with information then incorporated into the database of current students. Forms are grouped into eight categories: (1) student

Wichita State Univ., KS.

341

University Student Perceptions of Seasonal and Local Foods  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined how university students conceptualize “seasonal” and “local” in relation to food. Because starting college often represents the first time many people assume primary responsibility for their meals, food beliefs of students are particularly relevant. A one-page written questionnaire was developed, pretested, and used to survey 166 undergraduate students from a nutrition and an economics class at one

Jennifer L. Wilkins; Elizabeth Bowdish; Jeffery Sobal

2000-01-01

342

Host Students' Perspectives of Intercultural Contact in an Irish University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Given the increasing numbers of international students in Ireland and the lack of attention afforded to host culture students in existing research on intercultural relations in higher education, a grounded theory study was conducted in an Irish university exploring host (Irish) students' perspectives on intercultural contact. The study focused on…

Dunne, Ciaran

2009-01-01

343

Investigating Students' Beliefs about Arabic Language Programs at Kuwait University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study attempted to identify students' of Arabic programs beliefs about their chosen programs. To achieve this purpose, a survey was developed to collect the data from randomly selected students in liberal-arts and education-based programs at Kuwait University. The results showed that students were statistically differentiated as a…

Al-Shaye, Shaye S.

2009-01-01

344

Assessment of Evidence in University Students' Scientific Writing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines uses of evidence in university students' writing of scientific argument in an introductory-level oceanography course. Provides students with an interactive CD-ROM entitled 'Our Dynamic Planet' to write a scientific technical paper. Discusses ways of teaching students the construction of argument in scientific writing. (KHR)

Takao, Allison Y.; Kelly, Gregory J.

2003-01-01

345

Sultan Qaboos University's Student-Teacher Attitude Toward Instructional Media.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Investigates the effects of specific courses offered at the college of education of Sultan Qaboos University (Oman) on student-teacher attitudes toward instructional media in practice teaching. Results showed that female student-teachers have a more positive attitude than males; the students' majors (i.e., Arabic or English) did not have any…

El-Hmaisat, Hamad

1996-01-01

346

Student-Centered Integrated Anatomy Resource Sessions at Alfaisal University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Alfaisal University is a new medical school in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia that matriculates eligible students directly from high school and requires them to participate in a hybrid problem-based learning (PBL) curriculum. PBL is a well-established student-centered approach, and the authors have sought to examine if a student-centered,…

Cowan, Michele; Arain, Nasir Nisar; Assale, Tawfic Samer Abu; Assi, Abdulelah Hassan; Albar, Raed Alwai; Ganguly, Paul K.

2010-01-01

347

Student Engagement and Departure Intention: An Australian University Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study addresses the departure intentions of an Australian university business student cohort that is characterised by high levels of diversity in pre-entry attributes. The study investigates the level of student engagement using the academic and social integration components of the Student Engagement Questionnaire (SEQ) based on Tinto's model…

Jackling, Beverley; Natoli, Riccardo

2011-01-01

348

Goal orientations in Russian university students: from mastery to performance?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research in the UK has shown that students start their university career with the goal of mastering their subject, but this focus shifts as they progress through their degree program. Studies have suggested that unlike students in the UK, Russian students continue to take a strong mastery approach to their work. The main aim of this study was to assess

Richard Remedios; Zoya Kiseleva; Joe Elliott

2008-01-01

349

Psychological Loneliness among Arab Students at Irbid National University, Jordan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study is to investigate the level of psychological loneliness among Arab students studying at Irbid National University, and to investigate the effect of year of study and gender of students on the level of psychological loneliness. The sample of the study consisted of 149 students, 133 males and 16 females from first, second,…

Al-Kadoumi, Khawla; Sawalha, Abdel Muhdi; Al Momani, Mohammad

2012-01-01

350

Sleep Patterns of College Students at a Public University  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The authors' purpose in this study was to determine the sleep patterns of college students to identify problem areas and potential solutions. Participants: A total of 313 students returned completed surveys. Methods: A sleep survey was e-mailed to a random sample of students at a North Central university. Questions included individual sleep patterns, problems, and possible influencing factors. Results:

LeAnne M. Forquer; Adrian E. Camden; Krista M. Gabriau; C. Merle Johnson

2008-01-01

351

Sleep Patterns of College Students at a Public University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors' purpose in this study was to determine the sleep patterns of college students to identify problem areas and potential solutions. Participants: A total of 313 students returned completed surveys. Methods: A sleep survey was e-mailed to a random sample of students at a North Central university. Questions included individual…

Forquer, LeAnne M.; Camden, Adrian E.; Gabriau, Krista M.; Johnson, C. Merle

2008-01-01

352

Trends in University Student Attitudes and Behavior Toward Drugs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Trends in student attitudes and behavior toward drug use were investigated through administration of two anonymous polls to University of Maryland freshmen during summer, 1971 (N = 538) and summer, 1972 (N = 761). Both polls were designed to investigate the incidence and frequency of drug use among incoming students, as well as students' reasons…

Fago, David P.; Sedlacek, William E.

353

Student leadership: biomedical engineering initiatives at Carleton University  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents biomedical engineering education initiatives, from a student perspective, at Carleton University in Ottawa, Canada. Over recent years, efforts made by graduate students and professors have been noticeably successful in promoting biomedical engineering to students as young as 13. A recent biomedical engineering career event drew considerable positive attention and precipitated the consolidation of an already strong emerging

C. L. Herry; C. Catley; C. M. Ennett

2003-01-01

354

An Outcome Survey of Mergers Between University Student Counseling Centers and Student Health Mental Health Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

An outcome survey was done of organizational mergers between university student counseling centers and student health mental health services. Comparison of outcome ratings were examined as were participant's narrative responses to survey questions regarding: (1) Quality of clinical services, (2) Ability to meet needs of students, (3) Staff morale of merged services, (4) University community's utilization of available services, (5)

Russ Federman; David Emmerling

1997-01-01

355

Through Student Eyes: Perceptions and Aspirations of Students from the Armenian State Agrarian University and Selected European Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research compared attributes of students enrolled in the Armenian State Agrarian University (ASAU) with university students from 30 European countries (EFMD) about graduate study policy issues. A cross-national comparative design used a survey questionnaire to explore contextual, social and cultural phenomena. Samples included 801 ASAU and…

Shinn, Glen C.; Briers, Gary E.; Navarro, Maria; Peake, Jason; Parr, Brian; Ter-Mkrtchyan, Ani; Duncan, Dennis

2009-01-01

356

Alcohol advertising in the New Zealand university student press.  

PubMed

University students drink more heavily than their non-student peers in New Zealand. The promotion of alcohol via advertising is a known contributor to heavy drinking. The aim of this paper was to determine the nature and extent of alcohol-related advertising and related policies at New Zealand universities. We sought to obtain all issues for 2005, of student newspapers at five New Zealand universities that had participated in an ongoing research project examining alcohol-related harm. The number of alcohol-related advertisements was determined and counts were weighted by the proportion of the page they took up. We surveyed senior university administrators to determine whether policies existed to regulate alcohol advertising on campus. The number of alcohol-related advertisements in student publications ranged from 1 to 129 across the academic year (median: 74 advertisements, 34 full-page equivalents). At three universities, most advertisements promoted bars, pubs and restaurants, while at the other two universities, most alcohol-related advertising was for events sponsored by a brewery, alcohol company or local pub. At one university with almost no advertising, a brewery sponsorship agreement with the student association forbade other parties from advertising alcohol and related events. Alcohol-related advertising is pervasive in the New Zealand university student press. Student associations should consider the ethics of alcohol industry sponsorship in light of the high prevalence of heavy drinking in this population group. PMID:18696302

Cousins, Kim; Kypri, Kypros

2008-09-01

357

What's Make University Students Participate in Sports?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to examine what are the extrinsic factors that contribute to university athlete's motivation to participate in sports during their study at university. A sample of 11 athletes university footballer in one of the University team in Kuala Lumpur were invited by the researchers for the study, however only five (aged range from 19 to

Mohd Sofian Omar-Fauzee; Narimah Daud; Kamaria Kamarudin; Aminuddin Yusof; Soh Kim Geok; Mohd Nizam Nazaruddin

358

Contraceptive Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors of Black Adolescent Males Attending a Predominantly Black University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of questionnaire responses of 107 Black adolescent male college students indicated that, while 85 percent used some contraceptive method, most subjects had less knowledge regarding the effectiveness of certain contraceptive methods, suggesting a need for more in-depth sex education programs. (CB)

Leonard, Jack, Jr.

1988-01-01

359

Motivations for Movie Attendance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study investigated audience motives for movie attendance. Subjects were 493 college students, who indicated on an eight-point scale the extent to which a series of 70 reasons for movie going matched their own reasons for movie attendance. Three frequency of attendance groups were identified: infrequent--once in two to six months;…

Austin, Bruce A.

360

Student Reaction to a University Disaster: Initial Analyses and Recommendations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of Evansville basketball team and others associated with it were killed in an airplane crash in December, 1977. The University had to decide how to respond to the tragedy. Advice received from other universities was based upon impression rather than systematic data collection. At Evansville, interviews were held with 87 students who…

Ireland, John F.; And Others

361

Prospective Students' Perceptions of University Brands: An Empirical Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

A model of the elements of a university brand was developed together with an instrument for measuring how favorably each of these elements was perceived by a sample of young people who were considering entering university. One hundred and ninety-eight students undertaking pre-university courses in two further education colleges in East London completed a questionnaire designed to assess their evaluations

Roger Bennett; Rehnuma Ali-Choudhury

2009-01-01

362

Prospective Students' Perceptions of University Brands: An Empirical Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A model of the elements of a university brand was developed together with an instrument for measuring how favorably each of these elements was perceived by a sample of young people who were considering entering university. One hundred and ninety-eight students undertaking pre-university courses in two further education colleges in East London…

Bennett, Roger; Ali-Choudhury, Rehnuma

2009-01-01

363

The Outdoor Education Students in the Canadian University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was undertaken to obtain selected information on outdoor education students of three academic departments (Physical Education and Recreology Departments, University of Ottawa; School of Physical and Health Education, University of Toronto) in Canadian universities, to determine what differences there might be between those who aspire to a…

Cousineau, Claude

364

Prevalence of Candida dubliniensis among Oral Candida Isolates in Patients Attending the Kuwait University Dental Clinic  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the oral candidal carriage of patients seeking dental treatment at the Kuwait University Dental Clinic and to ascertain the Candida species composition among them. Methods: 370 oral rinse samples were collected from patients. The germ tube test, CHROMagar Candida medium and VITEK 2 yeast identification system were used for species identification.

Arjuna N. B. Ellepola; Zia U. Khan; Bobby Joseph; Rachel Chandy; Leeba Philip

2011-01-01

365

Understanding the dynamics of teacher attention: Examples of how high school physics and physical science teachers attend to student ideas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Attending to student ideas is critical for supporting students' science learning (Driver, Guesne, & Tiberghien, 1985; National Research Council, 1996). But, paying attention to student ideas in science class is difficult and does not happen often (Davis, 2001; Feldman, 2002; Levin, 2008; Levitt, 2001; Simmons, et al, 1999). Researchers have looked at how institutional expectations, curricular materials, and a teacher's cognition influence how that teacher picks up on and makes sense of student ideas (Ainley & Luntley, 2007; Levin, 2008; Rop, 2002; Tabak & Reiser, 1999; Wallach & Even, 2005). I argue that we do not yet have adequate ways of characterizing and understanding teachers' attention at the level of the interaction. I have evidence that suggests that when we look in such a fine-grained way, many of our current explanations for what teachers do and pay attention to are not sufficient. The aim of this dissertation is to build on the burgeoning body of work on teacher attention by looking at how to characterize a teacher's attention as that teacher interacts with students in the classroom and studying how a teacher's attention is situated in the teacher's framing of his or her interaction with students. In short, a person's frame or framing of the situation is his or her definition of what is going on in the interaction (Tannen, 1993). I discuss the implications for how we can support teachers' attention to student ideas and some areas for future research motivated by the findings of this study.

Lau, Matty

366

Organizational Routines in Flux: A Case Study of Change in Recording and Monitoring Student Attendance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using an organizational theory to study how people can actually change routines, this study examined alterations made to two aspects of a high school's attendance procedures over 5 years. The authors drew primarily from interviews and school documents to describe and analyze changes made by administrators, faculty, and staff. Organizing questions…

Conley, Sharon; Enomoto, Ernestine K.

2009-01-01

367

Extent of breastfeeding among nursing mothers attending Lagos University Teaching Hospital  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveThe study investigated the extent of breast feeding among nursing mothers whose infants or children were receiving specialist attention in various child care units of Lagos University Teaching Hospital in Nigeria.Methods100 nursing mothers aged 21 years and above completed a self-administered questionnaire. Their occupations were: Civil servant, Doctor, Pharmacist, Nurse, Lawyer, Private sector employee, Trader and others. Demographic data and

M T Iorngurum; A S Adetiba

2010-01-01

368

From Grade School to University: The Variable Use of "on/nous" by University FSL Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines factors correlated with the use of "nous" and "on" by university students formerly enrolled in French immersion programs. Their variant frequency and stylistic appropriateness are compared to those of (1) former core French university students; (2) French as a second language (FSL) speakers in a francophone environment; and (3)…

Mougeon, Francoise; Rehner, Katherine

2009-01-01

369

Student Satisfaction and Student Success in the University System of Georgia. AIR 1999 Annual Forum Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents findings of a study which analyzed the relationship between student satisfaction and indicators of student success in the 34 institutions of the University System of Georgia (USG). A student satisfaction survey was administered to about 26,000 undergraduates and the results were merged with the system's student information…

Walker-Marshall, Albertine; Hudson, Cathie Mayes

370

Misunderstandings about Student Transitions to University: A Slow-Motion Dialogue between Staff and Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is based on a stage-by-stage dialogue between four geography staff and seven students. Members of staff were asked to identify issues that reflect academically inappropriate behaviour in classes for students at university (as opposed to school) level. Students were then asked to comment on the staff's views. In general, the students felt that staff's comments showed a lack

Leonard D. Baer

2008-01-01

371

Misunderstandings about Student Transitions to University: A Slow-Motion Dialogue between Staff and Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is based on a stage-by-stage dialogue between four geography staff and seven students. Members of staff were asked to identify issues that reflect academically inappropriate behaviour in classes for students at university (as opposed to school) level. Students were then asked to comment on the staff's views. In general, the students

Baer, Leonard D.

2008-01-01

372

Students with Learning Disabilities in the University Environment: A Study of Faculty and Student Perceptions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the perceptions of 109 faculty, 46 university students with learning disabilities (LD), and 194 non-LD students regarding sensitivity to LD students' special needs, accommodations, and the perceived impact of such a disability. Results revealed a general sensitivity to students' special needs, and several areas warranting…

Houck, Cherry K.; And Others

1992-01-01

373

An appraisal of body image among Nigerian university students.  

PubMed

This study was designed to provide baseline data on the attitudes of Nigerian university students toward their own bodies. 286 students completed the 25-item version of the Body Cathexis Scale of Berscheid, et al. These students were more satisfied than they were dissatisfied with their body parts. The body weight and general muscle development were aspects with which they were most dissatisfied. Compared to men, women were significantly more satisfied with their ears, body weight, general muscle development, chest/breast, size of sex organs, and appearance of sex organs. These baseline data may help screen Nigerian university students with negative body ideation. PMID:1454482

Balogun, J A; Okonofua, F E; Balogun, A O

1992-12-01

374

Weight-loss practices among university students in Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective  To evaluate the prevalence of weight-loss practices among university students from Tlaxcala, Mexico.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  A cross-sectional study of 2,651 university students was conducted. Logistic regression tests were used to estimate the probability\\u000a of students trying to lose weight and successfully achieving weight loss.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Results  Nearly 40% of students attempted to lose weight, though only about 7% lost more than 10% of their

Pablo Mendez-HernandezDarina; Darina Dosamantes-Carrasco; Michel Lamure; Perla López-Loyo; Corín Hernández-Palafox; Dayana Pineda-Pérez; Yvonne Flores; Jorge Salmerón

2010-01-01

375

20 CFR 404.1028 - Student working for a school, college, or university.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 false Student working for a school, college, or university... § 404.1028 Student working for a school, college, or university...the school, college, or university...Whether you are a student for...

2009-04-01

376

20 CFR 404.1028 - Student working for a school, college, or university.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Student working for a school, college, or university... § 404.1028 Student working for a school, college, or university...the school, college, or university...Whether you are a student for...

2010-04-01

377

Survey of Low Vision among Students Attending Schools for the Blind in Nigeria: A Descriptive and Interventional Study  

PubMed Central

Purpose: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of low vision among students attending all the schools for the blind in Oyo State, Nigeria. The study set out to determine the proportion of students with low vision/severe visual impairment after best correction, to determine the causes of the low vision, to document the associated pathologies, to determine the types of treatment and visual aid devices required, and to provide the visual aids needed to the students in the schools. Materials and Methods: All schools students for the blind in Oyo State were evaluated between August 2007 and January 2008. All the students underwent a thorough ophthalmic examination that included measurement of visual acuity, retinoscopy and subjective refraction, tests for visual aids where indicated, and a structured questionnaire was administered. Results: A total of 86 students were included in the study and the mean age was 19.4 ± 8.19 years. Twenty six (30%) were under 16 years of age. The most common cause of blindness was bilateral measles keratopathy/vitamin A deficiency (VAD) in 25 students (29.1%). The most common site affected was the cornea in 25 students (29.1%), the lens in 23 (26.7%), and the retina/optic nerve in 16 (18.6%). Preventable blindness was mainly from measles keratopathy/VAD (29.1%). Eleven students benefited from refraction and correction with visual aids; two having severe visual impairment (SVI), and nine having visual impairment (VI) after correction. Conclusion: The prevalence of low vision in the schools for the blind in Oyo State is 2.3%, while the prevalence of visual impairment is 10.5%. These results suggest that preventable and treatable ocular conditions are the source of significant childhood blindness in Oyo State.

Mosuro, Adedamola L.; Ajaiyeoba, Ayotunde I.; Bekibele, Charles O.; Eniola, Michael S.; Adedokun, Babatunde A.

2012-01-01

378

The Dunning-Kruger Effect and SIUC University’s Aviation Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a two-part study on the Dunning-Kruger effect in SIUC University’s aviation students. The Dunning-Kruger effect indicates that individuals with lower skill or knowledge levels have unrealistic positive images of their capabilities compared to their peers. Results indicate that the Dunning-Kruger effect is present in SIUC aviation students. Students scoring lower on both a grammar test and a

Samuel R. Pavel; Michael F. Robertson; Bryan T. Harrison

2012-01-01

379

From University Democratisation to Managerialism: The Changing Legitimation of University Governance and the Place of Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the implications of the rise of managerialism for student participation in university governance. It explores this theoretically by proposing a matrix of ideal-type regimes of student governance based on the work of Hyden, Olsen and others. The working of this typology is illustrated in a case study of the student political…

Luescher-Mamashela, Thierry M.

2010-01-01

380

From University Democratisation to Managerialism: The changing legitimation of university governance and the place of students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the implications of the rise of managerialism for student participation in university governance. It explores this theoretically by proposing a matrix of ideal?type regimes of student governance based on the work of Hyden, Olsen and others. The working of this typology is illustrated in a case study of the student political dynamics involved in governance changes at

Thierry M. Luescher-Mamashela

2010-01-01

381

Value of blended learning in university and the workplace: some experiences of university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aim of this paper is to explore student views of blended learning in a university setting based on the use of audio lectures, seminars, discussion boards and wikis. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – In total, 14 seminar (focus) groups consisting of approximately 20 students each, over a two year period, provided qualitative views of how students believed blended learning would

Colm Fearon; Simon Starr; Heather McLaughlin

2011-01-01

382

From University Democratisation to Managerialism: The Changing Legitimation of University Governance and the Place of Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article examines the implications of the rise of managerialism for student participation in university governance. It explores this theoretically by proposing a matrix of ideal-type regimes of student governance based on the work of Hyden, Olsen and others. The working of this typology is illustrated in a case study of the student political…

Luescher-Mamashela, Thierry M.

2010-01-01

383

Motivations for movie attendance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated college students' motives for attendance at theatrically exhibited motion pictures and the relationship between the motivations and frequency of attendance, pattern of movie?going, and the students' gender and age. Respondents (n = 493) completed a survey instrument consisting of 70 motivation items and other items. Factor analysis of the motivation items resulted in seven motives for movie

Bruce A. Austin

1986-01-01

384

Directory of Selected University Libraries Most Frequently Used by University of California Students Studying Abroad.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This directory of selected University of California Education Abroad Program (UC-EAP) host university libraries is intended to offer students and others a compilation of information necessary for research in 38 university libraries located in Europe, Asia, Australia, Africa, and North and Latin America. Each library profile within the directory…

Popa, Opritsa D.; Lamprecht, Sandra J.

385

The Socio-Occupational Background of Migrant Students Entering University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

First-year students entering Macquarie University in 1971 were sampled according to fathers' birthplace. The distribution of fathers' occupations was compared with the occupational distribution of the Australian male workforce. (Editor)

Mitchell, Janet B.

1976-01-01

386

Impacting university physics students through participation in informal science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Informal education programs organized by university physics departments are a popular means of reaching out to communities and satisfying grant requirements. The outcomes of these programs are often described in terms of broader impacts on the community. Comparatively little attention, however, has been paid to the influence of such programs on those students facilitating the informal science programs. Through Partnerships for Informal Science Education in the Community (PISEC) at the University of Colorado Boulder, undergraduate and graduate physics students coach elementary and middle school children during an inquiry-based science afterschool program. As part of their participation in PISEC, university students complete preparation in pedagogy, communication and diversity, engage with children on a weekly basis and provide regular feedback about the program. We present findings that indicate these experiences improve the ability of university students to communicate in everyday language and positively influence their perspectives on teaching and learning.

Hinko, Kathleen; Finkelstein, Noah D.

2013-01-01

387

Impacting university physics students through participation in informal science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Informal education programs organized by university physics departments are a popular means of reaching out to communities and satisfying grant requirements. The outcomes of these programs are often described in terms of broader impacts on the community. Comparatively little attention, however, has been paid to the influence of such programs on those students facilitating the informal science programs. Through Partnerships for Informal Science Education in the Community (PISEC) at the University of Colorado Boulder, undergraduate and graduate physics students coach elementary and middle school children during an inquiry-based science after school program. As part of their participation in PISEC, university students complete preparation in pedagogy, communication and diversity, engage with children on a weekly basis and provide regular feedback about the program. We present findings that indicate these experiences improve the ability of university students to communicate in everyday language and positively influence their perspectives on teaching and learning.

Hinko, Kathleen; Finkelstein, Noah D.

2013-08-31

388

Knowledge and attitudes toward hookah usage among university students.  

PubMed

Abstract Objective: Hookah smoking is a popular form of tobacco use on university campuses. This study documented use, attitudes, and knowledge of hookah smoking among college students. Participants: The sample included 943 university students recruited between February 2009 and January 2010. Respondents (M age = 20.02) included 376 males, 533 females, and 34 who did not report sex. Methods: An anonymous online questionnaire was completed by respondents. Results: In this sample, 42.9% of college students had tried hookah, and 40% of those individuals had used it in the past 30 days. Students perceived fewer negative consequences of hookah smoking compared with cigarette smoking. Age, sex, racial background, marijuana/cigarette use, and perceptions of side effects were significantly associated with hookah use. Conclusions: University students are misinformed regarding the health consequences of hookah smoking. Programs aimed at education, prevention, and intervention for hookah use are needed to address this growing public health concern. PMID:23930750

Holtzman, Adam L; Babinski, Dara; Merlo, Lisa J

2013-01-01

389

[The Brazilian School Nutrition Program from the standpoint of students attending state schools in Minas Gerais, Brazil].  

PubMed

The scope of this article is to analyze the Brazilian School Nutrition Program from the standpoint of students attending state schools in Minas Gerais. It is a qualitative and quantitative cross-sectional study with a sample of 1500 students, representing the population of the state schools of Minas Gerais, involving the administration of a semi-structured questionnaire. The data were analyzed using simple frequency, mean, standard deviation, Fisher's exact test, the chi-square test and logistic regression (p < 0.05, CI 95%). The effective acceptance of the program was 28.8% and the effective adhesion to the program was 45.1%. Program acceptance was significantly higher among males and students who consumed less extra-institutional food. Acceptance and adhesion to the program was significantly higher among the older students and those who reported participating in activities related to nutritional education. In total, 73.5% of the students suggested improvements in school food. Many of the program's norms and guidelines are not being implemented. The acceptance of school food was negatively influenced by the consumption of extra-institutional foods and positively influenced by food and nutritional education activities. PMID:23670372

da Silva, Camilo Adalton Mariano; Marques, Luciana Araújo; Bonomo, Elido; Bezerra, Olívia Maria de Paula Alves; Corrêa, Margareth da Silva; Passos, Letícia Siqueira Falce; de Souza, Anelise Andrade; Barros, Betannya França; de Souza, Débora Maria Soares; so Reis, Joana Almeida; de Andrade, Noemi Gonçalves

2013-04-01

390

Study of Discontinuing Students at Macquarie University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Student responses to a questionnaire on 88 dropout prediction variables indicated that prevention of such wastage should be specific to student subgroup and should focus on colllege freshmen. (Available in microfiche from: Carfax Publishing Company, Haddon House, Dorchester-on-Thames, Oxford 0X9 8JZ, England.) (CP)|

Baumgart, Neil

1977-01-01

391

Study of Discontinuing Students at Macquarie University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student responses to a questionnaire on 88 dropout prediction variables indicated that prevention of such wastage should be specific to student subgroup and should focus on colllege freshmen. (Available in microfiche from: Carfax Publishing Company, Haddon House, Dorchester-on-Thames, Oxford 0X9 8JZ, England.) (CP)

Baumgart, Neil

1977-01-01

392

Extended Wait Time and University Student Achievement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied the effects of extending the pauses between teacher questions and naming a student to respond (wait time) in 2 experiments involving 194 college students. Extending wait time from 3 to 6 seconds actually lowered higher-level cognitive achievement. (SLD)

Duell, Orpha K.

1994-01-01

393

The University's Role in Foreign Student Advisement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Perspectives on international educational exchange and the needs of foreign students for academic and career advising and assistance in adjusting to a new culture are considered. Obtaining a degree from an American higher education institution is highly desired by many persons in developing countries, and the high standards foreign students have…

Dalili, Farid

394

[Health care of the students at the Elisabeth University in Pécs between 1924 and 1950].  

PubMed

In this study, we present the arrangements of the Erzsébet University, seated in Pécs since 1923, on student health protection via analyzing the archive resources. Due to the scattered resources, we cannot give an account on the preceding Pozsony (1914-20) or Budapest (1920-23) era. In this period, the resources mention only the boarding-students' medical attendance by an internist teaching assistant. After the University moved to Pécs, Dr. János Angyán was the one, who considered the (health protection) issue significant. In his proposition, he suggested the University should set up a hospital association and the pre-examination of the boarding-students. The actual examination of the students was introduced along with the compulsory physical education. While it was compulsory for male students, female students could participate voluntarily since the fall of 1927. From 1923, the cost of medical arrangements of the students of the fourth faculty, of the Evangelical Theological Faculty, was covered by a separate fund financed by university students. In the early 1930s, it was Dr. János Angyán again who made a proposition that the examinations should be institutionalized, which in the new settings took place in the school year of 1936-37. In three consecutive years all the students were subject to examinations. The participation rate differed among the faculties. It was high among the freshmen of the Medical Faculty and of the Humanities, however, it was 22 percent of the Faculty of Law at the beginning and even later, in the fall of 1948 it was only 48 percent. Besides the management of the University, other universities and non-governmental organizations of the country stood up to fight against contagions of the era, such as the Tuberculosis and venereal diseases. These initiatives were carefully considered by the management of the university, which took proper action in each and every case. In the 1940s the examinations continued, which were suspended during the war. The management planned to restart the examinations in 1947, however, no data survived from this period. PMID:22533252

Kovács, Adrienn

2011-01-01

395

University Students’ Perceptions of and Attitudes Toward (Online) Peer Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of peer assessment (PA) as an alternative form of evaluation method is reported to be helpful in learning and is increasingly\\u000a being adopted in higher education settings. Through collecting data from 280 university students in Taiwan, a 20-item instrument\\u000a was developed to investigate university students’ attitudes toward and perceptions of PA and online PA. Four subscales, Positive\\u000a Attitudes,

Meichun Lydia Wen; Chin-Chung Tsai

2006-01-01

396

Are Psychology University Student Gamblers Representative of Non-university Students and General Gamblers? A Comparative Analysis.  

PubMed

Students recruited from psychology undergraduate university populations are commonly used in psychology research, including gambling studies. However, the extent to which the use of this subpopulation produces findings that can be extrapolated to other groups is questionable. The present study was designed to compare results from university-recruited psychology student gamblers to those obtained from a sample of gamblers recruited from the general population that also included students. An online survey measuring gambling behavior and Internet gambling, attitudes and knowledge about gambling and problem gambling severity was posted on websites accessed by gamblers. Participants were recruited from two sources, a psychology undergraduate university population (n = 461) and online websites (n = 4,801). Results showed university-recruited students differed significantly from both adults and students recruited from the general population in respect to demographic variables and gambling behavior. Psychology undergraduate students were younger, more likely to be female, and had lower incomes. When relevant demographic variables were controlled, psychology undergraduate students were found to gamble less frequently, at different times, and to be at lower-risk for gambling-related problems, but had more irrational beliefs and more negative attitudes towards gambling than gamblers recruited from the general population. Results suggest that caution should be used in extrapolating findings from research using university-recruited psychology student gamblers to wide community populations due to differences related to gambling thoughts, attitudes and behaviors. PMID:23065178

Gainsbury, Sally M; Russell, Alex; Blaszczynski, Alex

2012-10-11

397

Correlates of Formal and Informal Social Control on Crime Prevention: An Exploratory Study among University Students, Andhra Pradesh, India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Societies control crime through a variety of both formal and informal methods, and the balance between these methods varies\\u000a widely by culture. This exploratory study surveyed a convenience sample of 434 students attending a university in Andhra Pradesh,\\u000a India, in order to examine their social control views. Although there was strong support for both forms of social control,\\u000a informal control

Eric G. Lambert; Karuppannan Jaishankar; Shanhe Jiang; Sudershan Pasupuleti; Jagadish V. Bhimarasetty

398

Thedocracy: Christian Universities and Muslim Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Few cultural institutions so potently foster free thought and speech, appreciation for others unlike self, and community service as higher education. As such, universities catalyze democracy. One calls them the "Messiah" of that cause. Christian universities in particular, though not designed as political or religiously pluralist entities, assist…

Chenoweth, Gregg A.

2009-01-01

399

Do personal beliefs and peers affect the practice of alcohol consumption in university students in Lebanon?  

PubMed

Alcohol consumption is frequent among university students in Lebanon as elsewhere in the world. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Lebanon's public and private universities between October 2009 and September 2010 using a standardized questionnaire to assess personal beliefs about alcohol consumption, peers' behaviours and opinions and history of and current drinking practices. Of 1235 students, 199 (16.1%) had an AUDIT score>or=8. Older age, male sex, Christian religion, attending a private university, studying a non-health specialty and residing in Beirut or Mount Lebanon were associated with a higher risk of harmful drinking. Beliefs concerning alcohol consumption and peers' opinions and behaviours were factors significantly associated with harmful drinking, especially: ignoring the dangers of alcohol consumption; higher frequency of consumption with friends; and a higher proportion of friends who drank regularly. University students' alcohol drinking behaviour was mostly influenced by peers' behaviour, and a peer education programme is recommended to decrease the risk of harmful drinking. PMID:23882959

Salamé, J; Barbour, B; Salameh, P

2013-04-01

400

Effects of Student Uniforms on Attendance, Behavior Problems, Substance Use, and Academic Achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mandatory uniform policies have been the focus of recent discourse on public school reform. Proponents of such reform measures emphasize the benefits of student uniforms on specific behavioral and academic outcomes. Tenth-grade data from The National Educational Longitudinal Study of 1988 was used to test empirically the claims made by uniform advocates. The findings indicate that student uniforms have no

David L. Brunsma; Kerry A. Rockquemore

1998-01-01

401

Youth Risk Behavior Survey of Middle School Students Attending Bureau Funded Schools, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report presents findings from a spring 1997 survey of all middle-school students (grades 6-8) enrolled in schools funded by the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA). The Centers for Disease Control Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) was completed by 6,990 students in 115 of the 122 BIA-funded middle schools; the overall response rate was 74…

Shaughnessy, Lana; Everett, Sherry; Ranslow, Steve

402

Attitude Changes of Undergraduate University Students in General Education Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessing learning outcomes in general education is increasingly important to accrediting bodies. A fertile area of assessment is measuring changes in student attitudes/values in response to general education. University of Maine faculty experimented with such an attitude assessment. In this study, the authors assessed changes in students'…

Anderson, Mark W.; Teisl, Mario F.; Criner, George K.; Tisher, Sharon; Smith, Stewart; Hunter, Malcolm L.; Norton, Stephen A.; Jellison, Jody; Alyokhin, Andrei; Gallandt, Eric; Haggard, Sandra; Bicknell, Elizabeth

2007-01-01

403

Retaining Latino Students: Culturally Responsive Instruction in Colleges and Universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article the authors define and describe culturally responsive teaching (CRT) in college and university courses. Whereas, the Latino population in our K-12 schools has grown rapidly, we have not seen such growth in the population of Latino students in our postsecondary schools. It is the authors’ position that CRT can be a tool in helping Latinos students be

N. Eleni Pappamihiel; Marcio Moreno

2011-01-01

404

Enhancing Students’ Motivation to Learn: achievement goals in university classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

A two?part study was undertaken with students enrolled in a first year university subject (development psychology). The theory of achievement goals formed the framework for the study. The first part of the study was designed to delineate students’ perceptions of the motivational ‘climate’ of the subject and to relate these perceptions to other theoretically relevant variables, including reported use of

Jennifer Archer; Jill J. Scevak

1998-01-01

405

Comparing Powerpoint Experts' and University Students' Opinions about Powerpoint Presentations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Technical communication instructors want to help students, as well as professionals, design effective PowerPoint presentations. Toward this end, I compare the advice of academic and industry experts about effective PowerPoint presentation design to survey responses from university students about slide text, visual elements, animations, and other…

Mackiewicz, Jo

2008-01-01

406

Providing students universal access to a centralized, graphical computing environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate the use of a thin-client based configuration in providing students with universal access to a centralized, graphical computing environment. The primary goal is to enable students to work effectively from arbitrary locations and computing platforms, while always interacting with the consistent environment seen in tightly controlled labs.

Michael H. Goldwasser; David Letscher

2005-01-01

407

Confirmatory factor analyses of Chinese students' evaluations of university teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chinese University of Hong Kong students (N = 844) selected a “good” and a “poor” teacher, and rated each using a Chinese translation of the Students' Evaluations of Educational Quality (SEEQ) instrument. Multigroup confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) models, based on a 3 × 2 design, were constructed to test the invariance of the SEEQ factor structure across 3 discipline groups

Herbert W. Marsh; Teresa L. P. Siu

1998-01-01

408

Alcoholic Beverage Buying Habits of University of Delaware Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Goal of study was comparing alcoholic beverage buying habits of University of Delaware students with those of students at other colleges. Random sample of 639 was drawn from 13,000 undergraduates and interviews conducted. Drinking at Delaware was similar to that at other schools. Seniors spent significantly more on alcohol than freshmen. (Author)

Newton, John P.

1978-01-01

409

Intrinsic Changes: Energy Saving Behaviour among Resident University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents the results of a study that explored the effectiveness of three intervention strategies in facilitating energy saving behaviour among resident undergraduate university students. In contrast to a dominant practice of motivating with rewards or competition this study sought to appeal to students' intrinsic motivations. An…

Black, Rosemary; Davidson, Penny; Retra, Karen

2010-01-01

410

Encounters between Immigrant Students and U.S. Urban Universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The intention of this article is to gain an in depth understanding of immigrants' experiences and their encounters with institutions of higher education, focusing on the nature of academic barriers and students' coping strategies in response to them. The situation of undocumented students, both in and out of universities, will receive special attention. Findings are based on a 2006 survey

Maria Natalicia Rocha-Tracy

2009-01-01

411

Cheating Behavior among Students of Four Moscow Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A survey of approximately 150 Moscow (Russia) university students investigated cheating behavior and attitudes. Results indicated that most students cheated and justified cheating by finding fault with the educational system. It is suggested these attitudes are also linked to the overall structure of the Soviet system, and that Perestroika…

Poltorak, Yulia

1995-01-01

412

Wellness 101: Health Education for the University Student  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: This paper aims to describe two phases of a mixed-method study: in phase I, the wellness practices of students at a Canadian university are reported. These data informed the re-development of a first-year health education course. Subsequent to its revision, phase II of the study assessed the impact of the course on students' wellness…

Higgins, S. Joan Wharf; Lauzon, Lara L.; Yew, Ann C.; Bratseth, Christopher D.; McLeod, Nicole

2010-01-01

413

Student Retention and Graduation at North Carolina State University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Student retention and attrition patterns of entering freshmen at North Carolina State University and a description of transfer student retention and attrition are presented. The status of freshmen entering the college from 1971-1976 is given in terms of: total freshmen, black freshmen, white freshmen, freshmen females, freshmen males, graduation…

Gracie, Larry W.

414

A Profile of Agriculture Students at Regional State Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Southern Regional Research Project S-114 was initiated to obtain a better understanding of why students select agriculture as a college major and to study the factors related to their career choices; as a part of this study, in 1977 characteristics of agriculture students at two regional state universities in Kentucky were determined. The…

George, K. M.

415

The Governance and Management of Student Learning in Universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent prominence given to student learning and changing expectations about the nature and quality of the student experience more broadly have created a new set of governance and organisational dynamics within universities and a more intense interest of government in the core business of teaching and learning. These developments are having substantial consequences with respect to power relationships, as

Craig Mcinnis

416

Problem Posing Based on Investigation Activities by University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reports a classroom-based study involving investigation activities in a university numerical analysis course. The study aims to analyse students' mathematical processes and to understand how these activities provide opportunities for problem posing. The investigations were intended to stimulate students in asking questions, to trigger…

da Ponte, Joao Pedro; Henriques, Ana

2013-01-01

417

The Value Orientations of Chinese University Students in Hong Kong  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Rokeach Value Survey was used to measure the value orientations of a large sample of 927 Chinese university students in Hong Kong. Based on their ranking of 18 terminal and 18 instrumental values. it was found that the students tended to put greater emphases on personal and competency oriented values. Specifically, the four most important terminal values were true

Sing Lau

1988-01-01

418

How University Students View Online Study: A PCP Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the ever-increasing impact of information technology (IT) on society, universities are pushed to deliver the courses through the Internet by the format of Web course or online study. There are relatively few studies of how students construe this new mode of delivery and study. This study aimed to better understanding of how students construe…

Wang, Wei

2004-01-01

419

Structural Characteristics of University Engineering Students' Conceptions of Energy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines structural characteristics of university engineering students' conceptions of energy elicited through paragraph writing and their relations with categories of their conceptions specific to energy in solution processes identified through interviews. Reports that structures of students' conceptions are characterized primarily by…

Liu, Xiufeng; Ebenezer, Jazlin; Fraser, Duncan M.

2002-01-01

420

Origin of Cornercopia, the University of Minnesota Student Organic Farm  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2005, a student-run Student Organic Farm began on the St. Paul campus of the University of Minnesota. A planning course identified the mission statement and guiding principles for “Cornercopia.” Thirteen summer interns participated in research and outreach activities associated with the one-acre site. Favorable press helped ensure favorable visibility. The produce from the first growing season was successfully marketed

Jared Ashling; Courtney Tchida; Albert Markhart; Paul Porter

2007-01-01

421

Correlates of Open and Closed Value Systems among University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A sample of 3,484 incoming first-year students at a large, mid-Atlantic University were surveyed to assess a variety of attitudinal and behavioral variables pertinent to the college experience. The current study focused on how student value system orientation, or the degree to which values are open or closed, related to key aspects of college…

Duffy, Ryan D.; Sedlacek, William E.

2006-01-01

422

Problem Posing Based on Investigation Activities by University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports a classroom-based study involving investigation activities in a university numerical analysis course. The study aims to analyse students' mathematical processes and to understand how these activities provide opportunities for problem posing. The investigations were intended to stimulate students in asking questions, to trigger…

da Ponte, Joao Pedro; Henriques, Ana

2013-01-01

423

Homophobia in medical students of the University of Hong Kong  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homosexuality is now accepted as a normal variant of human sexuality, but homophobia among healthcare professionals is well documented. Establishment of trustful doctor–patient relationships is impossible in the presence of homophobia. We were interested to examine the extent of homophobia among medical students, the future doctors. This article aims to study attitudes of medical students of the University of Hong

R. W. M. Kan; K. P. Au; W. K. Chan; L. W. M. Cheung; C. Y. Y. Lam; H. H. W. Liu; L. Y. Ng; M. Y. Wong; W. C. Wong

2009-01-01

424

One Immigrant Student's Literacy Journey to the University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There are growing numbers of students enrolling in university-level English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) courses who are not international students but are products of American K-12 bilingual education programs. These immigrant or refugee ESL learners are not required to demonstrate a specified level of English language competence by scoring 500 or…

Panferov, Suzanne

425

The Impact of Quality Assessment in Universities: Portuguese Students' Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Despite being one of the major reasons for the development of quality assessment, students seem relatively unaware of its potential impact. Since one of the main purposes of assessment is to provide students with information on the quality of universities, this lack of awareness brings in to question the effectiveness of assessment as a device…

Cardoso, Sonia; Santiago, Rui; Sarrico, Claudia S.

2012-01-01

426

Segmentation Analysis of the Volunteering Preferences of University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to explore how universities can increase volunteering among their students. To accomplish this objective, conjoint anlaysis was undertaken to determine the different underlying needs and preferences that drive the volunteering behavior of students. From this data, four need?based segments are identified and discussed. Strategies are then formulated to meet the needs and preferences of

Michael S. Garver; Richard L. Divine; Samuel A. Spralls

2009-01-01

427

The Outdoor Education Student in the Canadian University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Questionnaires completed by third- and fourth-year Canadian university students (1980-81) illustrate some characteristics of outdoor education students: many aspire to a career in outdoor education; their academic performance is average; and they engage more in outdoor recreation activities than their peers, but have the same reasons for…

Cousineau, Claude

1982-01-01

428

Adult Learners in a Research University: Negotiating Undergraduate Student Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adult undergraduate student identities at research extensive universities were uniquely coconstructed, shaped by this selective and competitive youth-oriented cultural context. Drawing upon social constructivist theory, this study explored this coconstruction through positional and relational adult student identities. Positional identities were…

Kasworm, Carol E.

2010-01-01

429

Greek University Students with Dyslexia: An Interview Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports a study exploring the personal and educational experiences of Greek students with dyslexia in higher education. Interviews with 16 students with dyslexia (11 male and five female) were conducted to investigate how they experienced school, peer relations, labelling, family support, university, self-esteem and how they made their…

Stampoltzis, Aglaia; Polychronopoulou, Stavroula

2009-01-01

430

Assessing E-Learning Acceptance by University Students in Thailand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of this study is to assess e-learning acceptance by students, using data collected from 377 students at three public universities in Thailand. Using the "E-learning Acceptance Measure" (Teo, 2010b), participants gave their responses to 21 statements on three factors hypothesised to measure e-learning: tutor quality, perceived usefulness,…

Teo, Timothy; Wong, Su Luan; Thammetar, Thapanee; Chattiwat, Wisa

2011-01-01

431

Learner-Environment Fit: University Students in a Computer Room.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to apply the theory of person-environment fit in assessing student well-being in a university computer room. Subjects were 12 students enrolled in a computer literacy course. Their learning behavior and well-being were evaluated on the basis of three symptoms of video display terminal stress usually found in the…

Yeaman, Andrew R. J.

432

Dynamics of Email Communications among University Students throughout a Semester  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Email is considered as one of the most widely accepted computer-mediated communication tools among university students. Evidence from the present literature shows that students make a significant amount of their course-related communications (e.g. discuss a topic with peers) using this tool. This study explores the dynamics of an email…

Uddin, Shahadat; Jacobson, Michael J.

2013-01-01

433

Student Retention and Graduation at North Carolina State University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student retention and attrition patterns of entering freshmen at North Carolina State University and a description of transfer student retention and attrition are presented. The status of freshmen entering the college from 1971-1976 is given in terms of: total freshmen, black freshmen, white freshmen, freshmen females, freshmen males, graduation…

Gracie, Larry W.

434

Thinking Styles and Conceptions of Creativity among University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research aims to understand university students' thinking styles and the relationship with their views of creativity. The Thinking Styles Inventory-Revised II was used to measure 13 thinking styles as defined in Sternberg's theory of mental self-government and the Conceptions of Creativity Scales was used to inquire students' views about the…

Zhu, Chang; Zhang, Li-Fang

2011-01-01

435

Cost structure in college and university student health centres  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines cost structure for the provision of health care in college and university student health centres. Empirical estimates of a translog cost function for 81 American College Health Association member institutions show economies of scale in the production of student health care.

Maryann Brady; Djeto Assane; Lewis Karstensson

1994-01-01

436

Attitude Changes of Undergraduate University Students in General Education Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Assessing learning outcomes in general education is increasingly important to accrediting bodies. A fertile area of assessment is measuring changes in student attitudes/values in response to general education. University of Maine faculty experimented with such an attitude assessment. In this study, the authors assessed changes in students'…

Anderson, Mark W.; Teisl, Mario F.; Criner, George K.; Tisher, Sharon; Smith, Stewart; Hunter, Malcolm L.; Norton, Stephen A.; Jellison, Jody; Alyokhin, Andrei; Gallandt, Eric; Haggard, Sandra; Bicknell, Elizabeth

2007-01-01

437

Hungarian University Students' Misunderstandings in Thermodynamics and Chemical Kinetics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The misunderstandings related to thermodynamics (including chemical equilibrium) and chemical kinetics of first and second year Hungarian students of chemistry, environmental science, biology and pharmacy were investigated. We demonstrated that Hungarian university students have similar misunderstandings in physical chemistry to those reported in…

Turanyi, Tamas; Toth, Zoltan

2013-01-01

438

Recognition of World Englishes: Changes in Chukyo University Students' Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In Japan, recognition of the concept of "world Englishes" has gradually penetrated the thinking of college English teachers, but American Standard English or British Standard English is still the only model that Japanese high school students have to learn. Therefore, students enrolled in the Department of World Englishes of Chukyo University

Yoshikawa, Hiroshi

2005-01-01

439

Student Retention and Graduation, University System of Georgia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describing outcomes related to student retention and graduation in the University System of Georgia, this six-part report discusses definitions and assumptions pertaining to retention and compares success rates for black, white, developmental studies, and regularly-admitted freshmen students in USG senior and two-year colleges. Section 1 provides…

University System of Georgia, Atlanta. Office of Research and Planning.

440

Phonological and Surface Subtypes among University Students with Dyslexia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The prevalence of phonological and surface dyslexia subtypes among Swedish university students with dyslexia (n = 40) was examined using both the regression method, developed by Castles and Coltheart, and latent profile analysis. When an academic-level control group was used as a reference group in a regression, eight students with phonological…

Wolff, Ulrika

2009-01-01

441

A comparison of Canadian and Chinese university students' travel motivations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although student travel is an important global phenomenon, few cross-cultural studies have examined this topic. Thus, this study examines Chinese (n?=?352) and Canadian (n?=?295) university students with respect to three questions: (1) are there similarities and differences in their travel motivations?; (2) are “escaping” motivations more important than “seeking” motivations? and (3) to what extent do gender and culture affect

Xiye Wang; Gordon J. Walker

2010-01-01

442

Women Students and Student Life at England's Civic Universities before the First World War.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts that England's civic universities maintained a much less restrictive environment than Oxford or Cambridge. Civic university women participated in all aspects of student life often exceeding the involvement of male students. Argues that social and economic differences contributed to this dichotomy. (MJP)

Gilbert, Julie S.

1994-01-01

443

Barriers to a healthy lifestyle among patients attending primary care clinics at a university hospital in Riyadh  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The occurrence and progress of chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is associated with unhealthy lifestyles and behaviors. Modification of barriers to healthy lifestyle can produce great benefits. The objective of this study was to identify barriers to physical activity and healthy eating among patients attending primary health care clinics in Riyadh city. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at King Khalid University Hospital (KKUH) in Riyadh city. Four hundred and fifty participants attending primary health care clinics (PHCC) from 1 March to 30 April 2007 were randomly selected. A questionnaire about barriers to physical activity and healthy eating was adapted from the CDC web site. RESULTS: The prevalence of physical inactivity among the Saudi population in the study was 82.4% (371/450). Females were more physically inactive (87.6%, 268/306) compared to males (71.5%, 103/144) (P<.001). The most common barrier to physical activity was lack of resources (80.5%, 326/405), which was significantly higher among females than males and among the lower income versus the higher income group. The most common barrier to healthy diet was lack of willpower. More than four-fifths (80.3%, 354/441) of the study group stated that they did not have enough will to stick to a diet. CONCLUSION: Lack of resources was the most important barrier for physical activity, while lack of willpower and social support were both barriers for adherence to physical activity and a healthy diet.

AlQuaiz, Aljoharah M.; Tayel, Salwa A.

2009-01-01

444

EXPLORING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN OPPORTUNITIES FOR STUDENTS TO PARTICIPATE IN COMMUNITY COLLEGE INTERCOLLEGIATE ATHLETICS PROGRAMS AND THEIR ASPIRATIONS TO ATTEND COLLEGE  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between the opportunity to participate in community college athletics and students’ aspirations regarding higher education. Students who may not have considered a college education due to a lack of family support, financial resources, or underperformance in secondary education may decide to attend college because of the opportunities to excel in

Ashley B. Knight

2012-01-01

445

HEALTH BEHAVIOR OF MEDICAL STUDENTS AT CHIANG MAI UNIVERSITY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The health behavior of 1 st to 6 th year undergraduate medical students at Chiang Mai University was surveyed. From 1,066 medical students, 302 (28.3%) were selected by using stratified random sampling. Fourteen students with health risk behavior were described as follows: failing to have a physical examination (check up) in the past year (85.7%); never or rarely wearing a

Ronnaphob Uaphanthasath; Wiyada Tanvatanagul

446

Structural characteristics of university engineering students' conceptions of energy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined structural characteristics of university engineering students' conceptions of energy elicited through paragraph writing and their relations with categories of their conceptions specific to energy in solution processes identified through interviews. We found that structures of students' conceptions are characterized primarily by characteristic, example-of\\/type-of, and lead-to types of relations, and these relations correspond with categories of students' conceptions.

Xiufeng Liu; Jazlin Ebenezer; Duncan M. Fraser

2002-01-01

447

Sensitivity of Computerized Neuropsychological Screening in Depressed University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the sensitivity of a computerized neuropsychological screening (ImPACT) to the cognitive effects of depression in a sample of 20 students with suspected depression and 20 healthy university students matched for gender, age, and education. Students with depression had slower reaction times (p < .02; d = .82, large effect) and processing speeds (p < .03; d = .77, large effect). The brevity and sensitivity of

Grant L. Iverson

2006-01-01

448

Sexual Responses and Behaviors of University Students in Hong Kong  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sexual responses and behaviors were studied in 250 university students at the Hong Kong Baptist University. Males and females rated their level of agreement or disagreement to ten sexual activities or situations on a 1-to-5 scale; and answered questions on sexual behaviors including sexuall intercourse, masturbation and reading sexual media. It was discovered that the overall mean scores of sexual

Yuk Yee Yan

2006-01-01

449

Agents of Internationalisation? Danish Universities' Practices for Attracting International Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Universities are increasingly urged to take new responsibilities as agents of internationalisation as the globalisation of higher education intensifies the competition for international students and leads to transformation of national and European policy landscapes. Drawing on the case study of two leading universities in Denmark, this paper…

Mosneaga, Ana; Agergaard, Jytte

2012-01-01

450

Cyber Astronomy: A Cyber University Course for School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Teaching university physics through the internet is not new, but a new course providing the same service for secondary school students is the first of its kind in Hong Kong. Taking advantage of the fast and affordable broadband internet in the region, some university courses have been converted to a cyber curriculum suitable for secondary school…

Chan, C. W.; Wong, K. Y. Michael

2003-01-01

451

Perceptions of HPV vaccine amongst UK university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aim of this small-scale focus group study is to explore the impact the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) vaccine has on attitudes towards HPV, cervical cancer and sexual risk taking amongst university students in the UK. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Participants were recruited through advertisements placed on notice boards throughout the campus of the University of Leeds. The study sampled

Ellen Martin; Naomi Senior; Ammar Abdullah; Janine Brown; Suzanne Collings; Sophie Racktoo; Sarah Walpole; Moez Zeiton; Catherine Heffernan

2011-01-01

452

Teaching English as a Second Language to Mexican University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes one teacher's experiences teaching English to Mexican university students at the Instituto Technologico y de Estudios Superiores de Mexico (ITESM), which is considered Mexico's top private university. The author taught two levels of English as a Second Language: English 2 and advanced English. The entire ITESM system used the…

Frusher, Susan

453

University Psychology Students Having Had Psychology in High School  

Microsoft Academic Search

Does a high school course in psychology influence students to take further work in the subject? Is high school psychology of assistance to those who take psychology in a university? In an attempt to answer these questions, 13 university departments of psychology (Denver, Florida State, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Missouri, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Purdue, Southern California, Texas, Vermont) were

T. L. Engle

1958-01-01

454

An Examination of ESL Taiwanese University Students' Multimodal Reading Responses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reports an empirical study conducted in a Taiwanese English as a second language university class. Reader response theory is the theoretical framework guiding the study. Fifty-nine university students were encouraged to collaboratively create multimodal responses to a classic English reading. Taking an aesthetic reading stance, the…

Lee, Hsiao-Chien

2013-01-01

455

The Social Experience of Physically Disabled Australian University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on the university experience of disabled students has focused on barriers in learning and teaching, while the social world of university has as yet gained little attention as a distinctive object of study. Here we examine social experience and socially imposed restrictions through the lenses of social capital and self-concept. A…

Papasotiriou, Maria; Windle, Joel

2012-01-01

456

MIGRATION OF COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY STUDENTS, STATE OF WASHINGTON.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|TWO GENERAL ASPECTS OF COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY STUDENT MIGRATION AS IT RELATES TO THE STATE OF WASHINGTON ARE DISCUSSED. THE FIRST ASPECT INCLUDES ANALYSIS OF MIGRATION PATTERNS IN ACCORDANCE WITH ENROLLMENT CATEGORIES AND TYPES OF INSTITUTIONS, DIFFERENTIAL VOLUMES AND PATTERNS OF MIGRATION FOR SPECIFIC COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES IN THE STATE, AND…

GOSSMAN, CHARLES S.; AND OTHERS

457

The Social Experience of Physically Disabled Australian University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research on the university experience of disabled students has focused on barriers in learning and teaching, while the social world of university has as yet gained little attention as a distinctive object of study. Here we examine social experience and socially imposed restrictions through the lenses of social capital and self-concept. A…

Papasotiriou, Maria; Windle, Joel

2012-01-01

458

Factors Related to the Underachievement of University Students in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study aims to elucidate the characteristics of gifted underachievers at the university level and the reasons for their underachievement. The sample consisted of students from Bogazici University in Istanbul. The "School Attitude Assessment Survey-Revised" ("SAAS-R") instrument was administered to 91 underachievers and a comparison group of 74…

Baslanti, Ugur; McCoach, D. Betsy

2006-01-01

459

Treatment of Bipolar Disorder in the University Student Population  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|University counseling centers are faced with the challenge of effectively treating bipolar students while also utilizing brief treatment frameworks and managing high patient volumes. Potential destabilization, particularly within the elevated mood phase, poses significant behavioral management issues for university clinicians and administrators,…

Federman, Russ

2011-01-01

460

Cyber Astronomy: A Cyber University Course for School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching university physics through the internet is not new, but a new course providing the same service for secondary school students is the first of its kind in Hong Kong. Taking advantage of the fast and affordable broadband internet in the region, some university courses have been converted to a cyber curriculum suitable for secondary school…

Chan, C. W.; Wong, K. Y. Michael

2003-01-01

461

Dental Care Utilization and Satisfaction of Residential University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim: The objective of this study was to provide information on the level of utilization and satisfaction of residential university students with the dental services provided by the dental clinic of a teaching hospital. Volunteers and Material: A stratified sampling technique was used to recruit volunteers from the outpatient clinic of the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital Complex, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.

Bada TA; Bamise FO; Ogunbodede EO

462

Childhood Sexual Abuse among University Students in Tanzania  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: There are no prevalence data for childhood sexual abuse among Tanzanian university students. This investigation addressed this paucity. The nature of sexual abuse was also investigated. Method: Participants (N=487) from a university in Tanzania completed a questionnaire which assessed abusive childhood sexual experiences, gathering…

McCrann, Denis; Lalor, Kevin; Katabaro, Joviter Kamugisha

2006-01-01

463

The Contribution of University Accommodation to International Student Security  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper we argue that living in university accommodation is a possible means of improving the security of international students. Our argument is supported by a qualitative case study of a single Hall of Residence on Monash University's Clayton campus. Data were collected primarily from interviews with three groups of participants--six…

Paltridge, Toby; Mayson, Susan; Schapper, Jan

2010-01-01

464

Existentialist internationalisation and the Chinese student experience in English universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much of the ‘internationalisation’ that is currently observed in English universities is driven, whether directly or not, by economic and financial rationales associated with a particular neo?liberal discourse of globalisation into which higher education has been subsumed. This is particularly true for the recruitment of international students into English universities. We present a case for the recasting of the higher

Mei Tian; John Lowe

2009-01-01

465

RESEARCH REPORT: South African students' views of the universe  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an empirical study the perceptions of the universe of 232 first-year Physics students from two South African universities were determined and interpreted in terms of their worldviews. The results were compared to Aristotelian and Newtonian views as well as with those of children as revealed in a literature survey. The worldviews of three non-scientific groups, namely the ancient Greeks,

M. Lemmer; T. N. Lemmer; J. J. A. Smit

2003-01-01

466

Organizing the Faculty around the Students: Walden University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Emerging from the 1960s and a focus on transformative learning, Walden University is a pioneering program for adult learners. The authors outline how Walden's doctoral program engaged mid-career professionals in student-designed inquiry and applied scholarship. They first discuss the founding of Walden University. Then they describe how the…

Peinovich, Paula E.; Hodgkinson, Harold L.

2011-01-01

467

Treatment of Bipolar Disorder in the University Student Population  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

University counseling centers are faced with the challenge of effectively treating bipolar students while also utilizing brief treatment frameworks and managing high patient volumes. Potential destabilization, particularly within the elevated mood phase, poses significant behavioral management issues for university clinicians and administrators,…

Federman, Russ

2011-01-01

468

Practices of Citizenship Rights among Minority Students at Chinese Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper explores how Chinese minority students participate and defend citizenship rights on a university campus against the backdrop of ongoing social changes. Three rights are focused on: freedom of religion, freedom of association, and freedom to use an ethnic language. The data were collected at three universities. Research methods involved…

Zhao, Zhenzhou

2010-01-01

469

Student Sexuality In a Perceptive University Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author discusses his book on sexuality. He also considers the problems confronting student personnel workers in terms of dealing with pre-marital sex on their campuses. Ways that changes in campus sexuality may occur are considered. (EJT)

Kirkendall, Lester A.

1976-01-01

470

Student Sexuality In a Perceptive University Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The author discusses his book on sexuality. He also considers the problems confronting student personnel workers in terms of dealing with pre-marital sex on their campuses. Ways that changes in campus sexuality may occur are considered. (EJT)|

Kirkendall, Lester A.

1976-01-01

471

Enhancing WMU Student Services through Extended University Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

WMU is committed to offering the same quality academic programs and student support services throughout its locations. In an effort to maintain and continually improve these resources, Western Michigan University’s Extended University Programs (EUP) will cross-train regional site staff in admissions, academic and career advising. The purpose of cross-training staff is to streamline the transfer process, and use staff more

Betty D. Dennis

2010-01-01

472

Students' Political Engagement: A Comprehensive Study of University of Ottawa Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article comprehensively examines the level and patterns of political participation of University of Ottawa (U-Ottawa) undergraduate students. Based on a self-administered survey of 570 undergraduate students of all disciplines, I find that U-Ottawa students show high degrees of political interest and involvement (e.g. the average U-Ottawa…

Stockemer, Daniel

2012-01-01

473

Students Left behind: The Limitations of University-Based Health Insurance for Students with Mental Illnesses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A growing trend in college and university health care is the requirement that students demonstrate proof of health insurance prior to enrollment. An increasing number of schools are contracting with insurance companies to provide students with school-based options for health insurance. Although this is advantageous to students in some ways, tying…

McIntosh, Belinda J.; Compton, Michael T.; Druss, Benjamin G.

2012-01-01

474

Junior College Experience and Students with Learning Disabilities: Implications for Success at the Four Year University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There are an increasing number of students with learning disabilities attending college. Several factors and programs have been suggested as helpful to the success of students with learning disabilities in the college setting. One of the factors which has been suggested to be helpful is attendance at a two year or junior college. Little research…

Johnson, Gail; Zascavage, Victoria; Gerber, Sarah

2008-01-01

475

Preferred Information Sources of High School Students for Community Colleges and Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To effectively communicate with potential students, it is important to utilize their preferred information sources. Survey data were gathered from 716 high school students who planned to attend college. There were communication source differences based on race and intent to attend two-year vs. four-year institutions. Important information sources…

Goff, Brent; Patino, Vanessa; Jackson, Gary

2004-01-01

476

Gender differences in first-year dental students' motivation to attend dental school.  

PubMed

Women's role in the field of dentistry has historically been limited to the dental auxiliary fields, rather than that of D.D.S. or D.M.D. Today, women are nearly 38 percent of U.S. dental school students and 14 percent of active practitioners. The slow(er) influx of women into dentistry has been little studied by dental educators. During the 2000-01 academic year, we conducted a survey of first-year dental students at a sample of publicly funded U.S. dental schools. The purpose of the survey was to assess gender differences in motives for pursuing a dental career. The data show that male dental students rate self-employment and business-related motives as more important, while female dental students rate people-oriented motives more highly. Factor analysis revealed four distinct clusters of motives for pursuing a dental career: a financial motive, a business-oriented motive, a people-oriented or caring motive, and a flexibility motive. Women scored significantly higher than men on the caring factor, whereas the reverse was true on the business factor. Male and female students rated financial and flexibility motives equally. The implications of the results for attracting students to the profession of dentistry are discussed. PMID:12214843

Scarbecz, Mark; Ross, Judith A

2002-08-01

477

Student Research Projects: The Experiences of Student Dietitians, University Faculty Members, and Collaborators  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two universities in the United Kingdom made systematic attempts to increase the number of student dietitians’ research projects that are supervised by university faculty members in conjunction with external collaborators (collaborative projects), rather than by faculty alone (faculty-only projects). A questionnaire survey was used to evaluate the experiences of student dietitians (n=110), university faculty members (n=38), and collaborators (n=31) involved

Kevin Whelan; Jane E. Thomas; Angela M. Madden

2007-01-01

478

[The organization of prevention of tuberculosis among medical university students].  

PubMed

The article deals with the analysis of 94 cases of tuberculosis among students of Krasnoyarsk state medical university in 1987-2010. The characteristics of disease structure and the outcomes of treatment are established The importance of mandatoty annual fluorography of students as a group with higher risk of tuberculosis infection is proved The tuberculin sensitivity and tuberculosis mycobacteria contamination of students of curative and pediatric faculties are examined. It is demonstrated that teaching in medical university is to be considered as a risk factor of primary tuberculosis infection with consequent development of disease. The proposal was made to organize a specific prevention (BCG revaccination) for medical universities students especially during the period of epidemiologic troubles. PMID:22611986

Koretskaia, N M; Bol'shakova, I A

479

The pattern of tooth loss due to dental caries and periodontal disease among patients attending dental department (OPD), Dhulikhel Hospital, Kathmandu University Teaching Hospital (KUTH), Nepal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aims and objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the type of tooth usually associated with extraction due to caries or periodontal disease and its relation to age at which these were lost, among patients attending dental surgery outpatient clinic, Dhulikhel Hospital, Kathmandu University Teaching Hospital (KUTH). Materials and methods: A total no of 626 patients (male-299 and

C Upadhyaya; M Humagain

2009-01-01

480

Structural characteristics of university engineering students' conceptions of energy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study examined structural characteristics of university engineering students' conceptions of energy elicited through paragraph writing and their relations with categories of their conceptions specific to energy in solution processes identified through interviews. We found that structures of students' conceptions are characterized primarily by characteristic, example-of/type-of, and lead-to types of relations, and these relations correspond with categories of students' conceptions. More specifically, categories of students' conceptions are exclusively related to energy transformation, and students failed to apply the notion of energy conservation demonstrated in structures of their conceptions to explain the temperature change in solution processes. It is concluded that although paragraph writing and interviews solicit different student conceptions, the conceptions identified from the two sources are related and paragraph writing tends to provide a more holistic picture of students' conceptions. This conclusion has clear implications for science curriculum development and instruction.

Liu, Xiufeng; Ebenezer, Jazlin; Fraser, Duncan M.

2002-05-01

481

Greek University Students: A Discouraged Workforce  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose - The significance of young, well-educated workers in the Greek labour market has been largely neglected in studies addressing the issue of low participation rate in the labour force of the country. This study focuses on the reluctance of Greek students to enter the labour market and combine studies with paid work. This article reports on…

Mihail, Dimtrios M.; Karaliopoulou, Katerina

2005-01-01

482

A Mathematics Clinic for University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four interference factors to math learning are poor or no instruction, low motivation, inappropriate learning theory, and physiological learning dysfunction. The math clinic, a teaching-learning strategy, uses diagnostic teaching skills and various learning rates for math studies. Instruction is matched to the student from information provided by…

Clever, George

483

Extended Wait Time and University Student Achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two experiments examined the effects of extending the pauses between teacher questions and naming a student, wait time I. Although articles addressing both preservice and practicing teachers admonish them to extend these pauses to be more effective questioners, comparisons of wait times of 1 s with 3 s, and 3 s with 6 s, detected no significant advantage for extended

Orpha K. Duell

1994-01-01

484

Greek University Students: A Discouraged Workforce  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose - The significance of young, well-educated workers in the Greek labour market has been largely neglected in studies addressing the issue of low participation rate in the labour force of the country. This study focuses on the reluctance of Greek students to enter the labour market and combine studies with paid work. This article reports on…

Mihail, Dimtrios M.; Karaliopoulou, Katerina

2005-01-01

485

Seroprevalence of hepatitis B and C virus infection among patients attending serology laboratory of Gondar University Hospital  

PubMed Central

Background Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HBV) infections accounts for substantial proportions of the world wide liver disease. The two hepatotropic virus share common modes of transmission and their co-infection are common. Patients with dual HBV and HCV infection have more severe liver disease and are at increased risk of progression to hepatic cell carcinoma. This study was aimed to assess the prevalence of HBV and HCV among patients attending serology laboratory of Gondar University Teaching Hospital. Methods A retrospective study was conducted from January 2007 to December 2011 at serology laboratory of Gondar University Teaching Hospital. Data were cross checked for completeness, entered and analyzed using SPSS version 16 statistical package. Results From the total of 2,684 clinicaly suspected hepatitis patients, 563 (20.98%) were positive for HBsAg and anti-HCV test. Of all, 14.4% were seropositive for HBV (male= 7.89% female=6.27%) (p-value=0.011) while 12.4% were seropositive for HCV (male =7.6% and female=4.13%) (p-value<0.001). The co-incidence of HBV and HCV were found to be 36 (6.39%) (male=3.9% and female=2.4%) (p-value <0.001). Majority of HBV (30.2%) and HCV (30.7%) infections were detected among age group of 25–34 years old (p-value=0.36) and 15–24 years old (p-value<0.001) respectively. Conclusion The overall prevalence of HBV and HCV is high. Males and younger age groups were more affected. Community awareness about the transmission and prevention of viral hepatitis infection should be strengthened by giving health education and herd immunization.

2013-01-01

486

Relationship between psychological factors and symptoms of TMD in university undergraduate students.  

PubMed

Temporomandibular disorders is a collective term used to describe a number of related disorders involving the temporomandibular joints, masticatory muscles and occlusion with common symptoms such as pain, restricted movement, muscle tenderness and intermittent joint sounds. The multifactorial TMD etiology is related to emotional tension, occlusal interferences, tooth loss, postural deviation, masticatory muscular dysfunction, internal and external changes in TMJ structure and the various associations of these factors. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of the relationship between signs of psychological distress and temporomandibular disorder in university students. A total 150 volunteers participated in this study. They attended different courses in the field of human science at one public university and four private universities. TMD was assessed by the Research Diagnostic Criteria (RDC) questionnaire. Anxiety was measured by means of a self-evaluative questionnaire, Spielberger's Trait-State anxiety inventory, to evaluate students'state and trait anxiety. The results of the two questionnaires were compared to determine the relationship between anxiety levels and severity degrees of chronic TMD pain by means of the chi-square test. The significance level was set at 5%. The statistical analysis showed that the TMD degree has a positive association with state-anxiety (p = 0.008; p < 0.05) and negative with trait-anxiety (p = 0.619; p < 0.05). Moreover a high TMD rate was observed among the students (40%). This study concluded that there is a positive association between TMD and anxiety. PMID:21638957

Pesqueira, Aldiéris A; Zuim, Paulo R J; Monteiro, Douglas R; Ribeiro, Paula Do Prado; Garcia, Alicio R

2010-01-01

487

Students' political engagement: a comprehensive study of University of Ottawa undergraduate students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article comprehensively examines the level and patterns of political participation of University of Ottawa (U-Ottawa) undergraduate students. Based on a self-administered survey of 570 undergraduate students of all disciplines, I find that U-Ottawa students show high degrees of political interest and involvement (e.g. the average U-Ottawa student regularly informs him- or herself about politics and one out of two

Daniel Stockemer

2012-01-01

488

Youth Risk Behavior Survey of Middle School Students Attending Bureau Funded Schools, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This youth risk behavior survey was completed by 7,667 students at 127 Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) middle schools. The document is organized around the six categories of behavior that contribute substantially to the leading causes of death, illness, and social problems in the United States: unintentional and intentional injuries; tobacco use;…

Everett, Sherry; Sussman, Michele; Ranslow, Steve; Shaughnessy, Lana

489

Service-Learning: Does It Affect Attitudes, Grades, and Attendance of Students Who Participate?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In spring 1996 Franklin County (KY) schools conducted a research project with three teachers at Western Hills High School to determine whether student attitudes change as a result of becoming involved in service learning. Each teacher used one class for a test group and another for a control group. Two types of pre- and posttests were given to…

Cofer, Jennifer

490

School Attendance Revisited: A Study of Urban African American Students' Grade Point Averages and Coping Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Urban African American first-year high school students' absenteeism was found to be negatively related to grade point average (GPA) and avoidance as a means of coping (use of substances as a way to escape--food, alcohol, smoking, caffeine, etc.) and positively related to use of social support as a means of coping (efforts to stay emotionally…

Steward, Robbie J.; Steward, Astin Devine; Blair, Jonathan; Jo, Hanik; Hill, Martin F.

2008-01-01

491

Knowledge of Medical Students, Residents, and Attending Physicians About Opiate Abuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A questionnaire concerning knowledge of opiate abuse and attitudes about abusers was administered to 94 randomly selected physicians and medical students at Montefiore Medical Center in New York City. The results indicated that physicians might benefit from improved teaching in the area of opiate abuse. (Author/MLW)|

Shine, Daniel, Demas, Penelope

1984-01-01

492

Impact of Attending Jump Start Literacy Camp on Reading Achievement among Third and Fourth Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Jump Start Literacy Camp was developed as a means to combat summer learning loss. The camp utilized high-energy activities to target phonemic awareness, phonics, vocabulary, fluency, and comprehension. This study examined the effects of the Jump Start Literacy Camp on reading achievement for rising third and fourth grade students in an urban…

Padgett, Carrie B.

2010-01-01

493

Estimating the Effects of Students' Social Networks: Does Attending a Norm-Enforcing School Pay Off?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In an attempt to forge tighter social relations, small school reformers advocate school designs intended to create smaller, more trusting, and more collaborative settings. These efforts to enhance students' social capital in the form of social closure are ultimately tied to improving academic outcomes. Using data derived from ELS: 2002, this…

Carolan, Brian V.

2010-01-01

494

"I Hope It's Just Attendance": What Does Participation Mean to Freshman Composition Students and Instructors?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Participation, a commonly graded component of composition classrooms, is rarely the focus of current research studies. While some discussions have addressed grading practices or ways to increase participation, student and instructor voices have yet to be included in studies of classroom participation in composition courses. Yet these voices are…

Dirk, Kerry

2010-01-01

495

Bachelor's Degree Students Attending Community Colleges: A Look at Postbaccalaureate Reverse Transfers in Missouri.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines postbaccalaureate reverse transfer students (PRTSs) in Missouri to determine the nature and extent of mobility among recent public four-year college graduates who subsequently enrolled in community-college courses and programs. Presents state enrollment data and surveys chief academic officers of Missouri community colleges about their…

Barnes, Terry L.; Robinson, Laura M.

1999-01-01

496

College Attendance and Choice of College Majors Among Asian-American Students-super-  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores how various measures, ranging from assimilation, to human capital, to family capital, and Holland's career-development theories, affect Asian-American students' choice of college majors. To test our hypotheses, we examine choice of college major using a unique measure based on the early earning potential of a large number of specific majors. Copyright (c) 2004 by the Southwestern Social

Chunyan Song; Jennifer E. Glick

2004-01-01

497

Marketing the University to Student-Athletes: Understanding University Selection Criteria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As competition for top athletes intensifies, and as challenges associated with recruitment increase, universities must develop and employ recruiting strategies based upon attributes that student-athletes identify as important to their decision-making process. The study investigates college choice decision attributes of student-athletes,…

Judson, Kimberly M.; James, Jeffrey D.; Aurand, Timothy W.

2004-01-01

498

Marketing the University to Student-Athletes: Understanding University Selection Criteria  

Microsoft Academic Search

As competition for top athletes intensifies, and as challenges associated with recruitment increase, universities must develop and employ recruiting strategies based upon attributes that student-athletes identify as important to their decision-making process. The study investigates college choice decision attributes of student-athletes, identifies key choice criteria, and examines gender and ethnicity issues related to student-athlete college choice. Three of the four

Kimberly M. Judson; Jeffrey D. James; Timothy W. Aurand

2004-01-01

499

Relevance of mental health issues in university student dropouts.  

PubMed

Background A significant proportion of university students drop out of their courses, representing a significant loss of resources in terms of funds invested in them, as well as loss of revenue to universities. Aims To determine whether a history of recent or current mental health problems affected the likelihood of university students dropping out of their studies and, if so, whether additional supportive measures are needed. Methods We scrutinized the occupational health records of a cohort of students enrolled in 2005 to identify whether they had evidence of mental health problems at that time. Additionally, we identified all cohort members who had dropped out of their courses by 2011, thereby identifying students with a history of mental health problems among all those who dropped out. The dates in question were chosen to ensure that the permissible time limit for completing their studies had elapsed at the end of the follow-up period. Results In total, 1319 student records were surveyed. Of these, 181 students (14%) did not complete their studies. Further, 278 (21%) had evidence of mental health problems at enrolment but students dropping out of courses were not more likely to have had a recent or current mental health problem at the time of enrolling. Conclusions The presence of mental health problems at the time of course enrolment was not a predictor for subsequently dropping out of the course in question. The findings suggest that existing supportive measures for this group may be adequate. PMID:23771886

Tamin, S K

2013-06-15

500

Mental Health of College Students and Their Non-college-attending Peers: Results from the National Epidemiologic Study on Alcohol and Related Conditions  

PubMed Central

Context Although young adulthood is often characterized by rapid intellectual and social development, college-age individuals are also commonly exposed to circumstances that place them at risk for psychiatric disorders. Objective To assess 12-month prevalence of psychiatric disorders, sociodemographic correlates, and rates of treatment among individuals attending college and their non-college attending peers in the United States. Design, Setting, Participants Face-to-face interviews were conducted in the 2001-2002 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions ([NESARC] n=43,093). Analyses were done for the subsample of college-age individuals, defined as those aged 19-25 that were both attending (n=2,188) and not attending college (n=2,904) in the previous year. Main Outcome Measure Sociodemographic correlates and prevalence of 12-month DSM-IV psychiatric disorders, substance use, and treatment seeking among college-attending individuals and their non-college attending peers. Results Almost half of college-age individuals had a psychiatric disorder in the past year. The overall rate of psychiatric disorders was not different between college-attending individuals and their non-college attending peers. The unadjusted risk of alcohol use disorders was significantly greater for college students than their non-college attending peers (OR: 1.25, 95%, CI:1.04-1.50), though not after adjusting for background socio-demographic characteristics (AOR: 1.19, 95%: 0.98-1.44). College students were significantly less likely (unadjusted and adjusted) to have a diagnosis of drug use disorder or nicotine dependence or have used tobacco than their non-college-attending peers. Bipolar disorder was less common in individuals attending college. College students were significantly less likely to receive past year treatment for alcohol/drug use disorders than their non-college-attending peers. Conclusions Psychiatric disorders, particularly alcohol use disorders, are common in the college-age population. Although treatment rates varied across disorders, overall, less than 25% of individuals with a mental disorder sought treatment in the year prior to the survey. These findings underscore the importance of treatment and prevention interventions among college-age individuals.

Blanco, Carlos; Okuda, Mayumi; Wright, Crystal; Hasin, Deborah S.; Grant, Bridget F.; Liu, Shang-Min; Olfson, Mark

2009-01-01