Note: This page contains sample records for the topic value of life from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of Science.gov
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.
Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

The values of life.  

PubMed

In Life's Dominion Dworkin aims at defusing the controversy about abortion and euthanasia by redefining its terms. Basically it is not a dispute about the right to life, but about its value. Liberals should grant that human life has not only a personal, but also an intrinsic value; conservatives should accept the principle of toleration which requires to let people decide for themselves about matters of intrinsic value. Dworkin fails, however, to distinguish between two kinds of personal value: (1) the value of something to a person, when he actually or dispositionally desires it, or finds it pleasant; and (2) the value of something to a person, when it's objectively contributes to his well-being, as defined by reference to his personal point of view, whether or not he ever perceives it as so contributing. He also fails to distinguish between two meanings of the concept of 'intrinsic value': (3) ultimate, i.e. non-instrumental personal value of kind (2); (4) the impersonal value of something which is not good-for-anybody, but simply good, i.e. not a constituent of someone's well-being. Dworkin argues that the human fetus from conception onwards has a value, that it is not a personal value of kind (1), and therefore must be an intrinsic value. But the value of the life of the fetus is not a personal value of kind (2) either and therefore not an intrinsic value of kind (3): it is normally a constituent of the well-being of the pregnant woman, but that doesn't constitute its value, and it is not good 'for' the fetus itself in the relevant sense, because it doesn't have a personal point of view. If, however, the fetus' life is allowed to have an intrinsic value of kind (4), the conservative cannot be refuted by appeal to the principle of toleration, for this only concerns intrinsic value of kind (3). The liberal, indeed, should recognize that the fetus' life has a value, but it is neither a personal value (1) or (2), nor an impersonal value (4), but rather a relational value which gradually develops from some point substantially later than conception. PMID:11656609

Den Hartogh, Govert

1997-01-01

2

The value of changes in life expectancy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Valuation formulas for age-specific mortality risks are derived from life-cycle allocation theory under uncertainty and related to empirical estimates of the value of life. A change in an age-specific mortality risk affects all subsequent survivor functions and reallocates consumption and labor supply over the entire life cycle. The value of eliminating a risk to life at a specific age is

Sherwin Rosen

1988-01-01

3

Frederick Douglass & the Value of My Life.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes how Frederick Douglass's "Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave" can be used to explore differences between biography and autobiography, and how a personal account can be used to change attitudes of others. Presents poems written by 10th- and 11th-grade students composed after reading Douglass's "Narrative."…

Adisa, Opal Palmer

1996-01-01

4

Introduction: The Right to Life and the Value of Life: Orientations in Law, Politics and Ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The biological and political processes which create, maintain, and end life, are assessed within the evolving parameters of the 'right to life' and the 'value of life.' These processes are the product of a multi-dimensional relationship between individuals, companies, and governments, and it is necessary to place these relationships under scrutiny to ensure that mortal choices are made legitimately (see

Jon Yorke

5

A value based index for measuring national quality of life  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new index of the quality of life (QOL) of nations was created. The measured variables are selected based on a universal set of human values derived from the work of Schwartz (1994). The Basic QOL Index, designed primarily to discriminate between developing countries, includes seven variables: purchasing power, homicide rate, fulfillment of basic physical needs, suicide rate, literacy rate,

ED Diener

1995-01-01

6

Differential equations for moments of present values in life insurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ordinary differential equations are obtained for first and higher order conditional moments of present values of payments in respect of a life insurance policy described as a time-continuous Markov chain. Those for the first moments are the well-known Thiele's differential equations for the reserve. It is shown how the differential equations can be used to construct untraditional insurance products. Numerical

Ragnar Norberg

1995-01-01

7

Paternalistic Altruism and the Value of Statistical Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

In applying the willingness-to-pay approach to the assessment of public-sector projects that have potential safety effects, it is clearly important to know whether and how values of statistical life and safety should reflect people's altruistic concern for other people's wellbeing. Thus far this question has been answered only for a very limited number of special cases. The purpose of this

M. W. Jones-lee

1992-01-01

8

Living the Good (Work) Life: Implications of General Values for Work Values  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Advances in the understanding of general values from personality and social psychology apply to work values. In this paper, I introduce the concepts of values, value priorities, motivational goals, value types, and personal value systems used to clarify work values. I also introduce the terms basic and broad value and work value types. Second, I…

Carlstrom, Aaron H.

2011-01-01

9

Living the Good (Work) Life: Implications of General Values for Work Values  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Advances in the understanding of general values from personality and social psychology apply to work values. In this paper, I introduce the concepts of values, value priorities, motivational goals, value types, and personal value systems used to clarify work values. I also introduce the terms basic and broad value and work value types. Second, I…

Carlstrom, Aaron H.

2011-01-01

10

The Value of Life Near its End and Terminal Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Medical care at the end of life, which is often is estimated to contribute up to a quarter of US health care spending, often encounters skepticism from payers and policy makers who question its high cost and often minimal health benefits. It seems generally agreed upon that medical resources are being wasted on excessive care for end-of-life treatments that often

Gary Becker; Kevin Murphy; Tomas Philipson

2007-01-01

11

The value of genetic information in the life insurance market  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the effects of additional information in a life insurance market under adverse selection. Individuals have an incentive to acquire information about their risk type if their informational status cannot be observed by insurers. In aggregate, however, the existence of a testing opportunity has an effect on the equilibrium premium. We describe the conditions under which, from an

Michael Hoy; Mattias Polborn

2000-01-01

12

The value of the exergetic life cycle assessment besides the LCA  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper the value of the exergetic life cycle assessment (ELCA) has been analysed. The ELCA uses the framework of the life cycle assessment (LCA) and can be seen as the exergy analysis of a complete life cycle. The value of the ELCA besides the LCA has been discussed. It is shown that the ELCA is a more appropriate

René L. Cornelissen; Gerard G. Hirs

2002-01-01

13

38 CFR 8.12 - Payment of the cash value of National Service Life Insurance in monthly installments under...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...cash value of National Service Life Insurance in monthly installments under...VETERANS AFFAIRS NATIONAL SERVICE LIFE INSURANCE Cash Value and Policy Loan...cash value of National Service Life Insurance in monthly installments...

2013-07-01

14

Consciousness, the Vegetative State, and the Intrinsic Value of Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using the controversy surrounding the views of the Princeton University ethicist Peter Singer as a foil, the authors address\\u000a the commonly held view that the appropriate time to terminate the life of a human being is when the individual has lost consciousness\\u000a and there is no hope that he or she will regain it. They make an admittedly dubious case

Nathan Carlin; Donald Capps

2009-01-01

15

How Do People Value Life?  

PubMed Central

Who should be saved when health resources are limited? Although bioethicists and policymakers continue to debate which metric should be used to evaluate health interventions, public policy is also subject to public opinion. We investigated how the public values life when evaluating vaccine-allocation policies during a flu epidemic. We found that people’s ratings of the acceptability of policies were dramatically influenced by question framing. When policies were described in terms of lives saved, people judged them on the basis of the number of life years gained. In contrast, when the policies were described in terms of lives lost, people considered the age of the policy’s beneficiaries, taking into account the number of years lived to prioritize young targets for the health intervention. In addition, young targets were judged as more valuable in general, but young participants valued young targets even more than older participants did.

Li, Meng; Vietri, Jeffrey; Galvani, Alison P.; Chapman, Gretchen B.

2012-01-01

16

How do people value life?  

PubMed

Who should be saved when health resources are limited? Although bioethicists and policymakers continue to debate which metric should be used to evaluate health interventions, public policy is also subject to public opinion. We investigated how the public values life when evaluating vaccine-allocation policies during a flu epidemic. We found that people's ratings of the acceptability of policies were dramatically influenced by question framing. When policies were described in terms of lives saved, people judged them on the basis of the number of life years gained. In contrast, when the policies were described in terms of lives lost, people considered the age of the policy's beneficiaries, taking into account the number of years lived to prioritize young targets for the health intervention. In addition, young targets were judged as more valuable in general, but young participants valued young targets even more than older participants did. PMID:20424038

Li, Meng; Vietri, Jeffrey; Galvani, Alison P; Chapman, Gretchen B

2009-12-22

17

A Model of the Demand for Longevity and the Value of Life Extension  

Microsoft Academic Search

We specify a demand function for longevity, or quantity of life, along with corresponding demand functions for indicators of quality of life and a value-of-health and life extension functions. We show that the demand for health must be derived in conjunction with that for longevity and the related consumption plan, and that all choices depend on initial individual endowments and

Isaac Ehrlich; Hiroyuki Chuma

1990-01-01

18

At Home in the Web of Life: Religious Values & Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1995, Appalachian Catholic bishops released a pastoral letter stating that Appalachia, the nation, and the world stand at a crossroads concerning future development. One direction continues down the path of ecological and social devastation. The bishops encourage the path of sustainable development based on religious values of respect for…

Rausch, John S.

1996-01-01

19

Life Values, Regular Educators, and Special Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Rokeach's Value Survey (1973) was used to assess possible differences in the life values of special education (N=133) and regular (N=128) classroom teachers . Generally, their value systems were not significantly different; however, 18 values (10 defining personal life goals and 8 defining self conduct and others' conduct) differentiated one…

Gans, Karen Derk

1986-01-01

20

Living Values: Maternal Corporal Subjectivity and the Value of Life and Death  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article offers a reading of the Jewish myth of Samson as presenting a set of relations among masculinity, collectivity, and death. Concentrating on the role of women in Samson's life I attempt to decipher some ways in which these relations develop and to explore the role that women and mothers may play in challenging them. Building on Luce Irigaray,

Miri Rozmarin

2011-01-01

21

The Impact of a Sport-Based Life Skill Program on Adolescent Prosocial Values  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes the implementation and evaluation of a sport-based life skills and community service program. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the impact of a combined life skills and community service program on adolescents' prosocial values. The program was part of a national golf and life skills enrichment academy for…

Brunelle, John; Danish, Steven J.; Forneris, Tanya

2007-01-01

22

Life and Death Matters: Losing a Sense of the Value of Human Beings  

Microsoft Academic Search

The essay combines a specific and a more general theme. In attacking ‘the doctrine of the sanctity of human life’ Singer takes himself thereby to be opposing the conviction that human life has special value. I argue that this conviction goes deep in our lives in many ways that do not depend on what Singer identifies as central to that

Christopher Cordner

2005-01-01

23

Comparison of pro-choice and pro-life activists: Their values, attitudes, and beliefs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports a survey of two statewide abortion related organizations: Missouri Citizens for Life and the Abortion Rights Alliance (N=524). The two groups differed signficantly on 12 of 18 Rokeach terminal values and on eight of 13 NORC instrumental values. Salvation was the value which most successfully differentiated the two groups. The two groups were used to establish the

Donald Granberg

1982-01-01

24

The Dynamics of the Life Values of Rural Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|What kind of impact have the last decade's radical changes in types of economic systems, property ownership, and opportunities for employment had on the rural youth of Russia? This paper examines this topic by presenting a survey of upper-grade students in rural schools in a region of Saratov Oblast in 1994, 1997, and 2004, using the same…

Mikheev, P. A.

2006-01-01

25

Evaluation of high-tech enterprises' value based on the industry life cycle  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on the analysis of characteristics of high-tech enterprises in each stages of the industry life cycle, this paper identify the key value drivers of each stage in the life cycle, and set up evaluating index system of high-tech enterprise based on industry life cycle. Then take high-tech enterprises in the stage of growing period for example, using the evaluation

Wang Xiao-wei; Suo Zhi-lin; Cheng Fu

2010-01-01

26

Market value of life insurance contracts under stochastic interest rates and default risk  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to value some life insurance contracts in a stochastic interest rate environment taking into account the default risk of the underlying insurance company. The participating life insurance contracts considered here can be expressed as portfolios of barrier options as shown by Grosen and Jørgensen [J. Risk Insurance 64 (3) (1997) 481–503]. In order to

Carole Bernard; Olivier Le Courtois; François Quittard-Pinon

2005-01-01

27

The Evidential Value of Near-Death Experiences for Belief in Life After Death  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, I explore the issue of what evidential value near-death experiences (NDEs) offer for belief in life after death. I survey the major positions on this issue, ranging from writers who believe that NDEs already offer convincing evidence for life after death, to physicalists who believe that they offer, at best, a very weak case. I argue that

Michael Potts

2002-01-01

28

The Game of Life: College Sports and Educational Values.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on historical research, data on alumni giving, information on budgetary spending on college athletics, and a database of 90,000 students from 30 selective colleges and universities in the 1950s, 1970, and 1990s, this book demonstrates how athletics influences the class composition and campus ethos of selective schools. The chapters are:…

Shulman, James L.; Bowen, William G.

29

The Game of Life: College Sports and Educational Values.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Drawing on historical research, data on alumni giving, information on budgetary spending on college athletics, and a database of 90,000 students from 30 selective colleges and universities in the 1950s, 1970, and 1990s, this book demonstrates how athletics influences the class composition and campus ethos of selective schools. The chapters are:…

Shulman, James L.; Bowen, William G.

30

Flu Shots, Mammograms, and the Value of a Statistical Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract In the Netherlands certain groups in the population are oered,preventive health care free of charge, including u shots (65+ population, every year), cervical cancer tests (women 30-60, every ve years), mammograms (women 50+, every two years), and kid- ney checks. We analyze individuals decisions to decline or accept these interventions, using a survey that includes information on actual participation,

Katherine Grace Carman; Peter Kooreman

31

The effect of values and culture on life-support decisions.  

PubMed Central

Withdrawing life support is always difficult. When patients and health professionals are from different ethnic backgrounds, value systems that form the basis for such decisions may conflict. Many cultural groups do not place the same emphasis on patient autonomy and self-determination that Western society does and find the idea of terminating life support offensive. Although physicians should never assume patients will respond in a particular way because of their ethnic background, issues of life support should be discussed in a culturally sensitive way. African-American, Chinese, Jewish, Iranian, Filipino, Mexican-American, and Korean patients were surveyed about their views on life support. The findings reported here, although not meant to be definitive, should add to health professionals' understanding about diverse beliefs around life-and-death issues. By becoming aware of this diversity of beliefs, health professionals can avoid the damage to the physician-patient relationship caused by conflicting value systems.

Klessig, J

1992-01-01

32

25 CFR 179.102 - How does the Secretary calculate the value of a remainder and a life estate?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Secretary calculate the value of a remainder and a life estate? 179.102 Section 179.102 Indians...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER LIFE ESTATES AND FUTURE INTERESTS Life Estates Not Created Under AIPRA §...

2013-04-01

33

Annual use, economic life and residual value of cut-to-length harvesting machines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recognizing the absence of up-to-date empirical data on the economic life, the annual use and the residual value of dedicated cut-to-length (CTL) harvesting machinery, the authors gathered a large database of second-hand machine sale offers containing over 1000 records, coming from Europe and North America. The statistical analysis of these data pointed at an economic life in the vicinity of

Raffaele Spinelli; Natascia Magagnotti; Gianni Picchi

2011-01-01

34

The Value of Stress-Management Interventions in Life-Threatening Medical Conditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Emotional stress has been associated with the development and progression of several chronic medical conditions. Recently, researchers have assessed the impact of stress-management interventions on patients' psychological functioning, quality of life, and various disease outcomes, including survival. This review summarizes the value of stress-management techniques in the treatment of two important, life-threatening conditions: coronary heart disease and cancer. Results from

Robyn Lewis Claar; James A. Blumenthal

2003-01-01

35

Attitudes, values, beliefs, and practices surrounding end-of-life care in selected Kansas communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This study was designed to better meet end-of-life care needs for patients and their families in rural Kansas communities.Methods: Initially, statistical information indicated an underutilization of hospice services in rural communities. To evaluate the data, focus groups were conducted in targeted communities in order to determine attitudes, values, beliefs, and practices surrounding end-of-life care. A script was developed using

Diane Heilman Felt; James L. Early; Thomas A. Welk

2000-01-01

36

Rethinking the value of biological specimens: laboratories, museums and the Barcoding of Life Initiative  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the shifting values and fragilities of museum biological specimens as they have recently become enrolled in the Barcoding of Life Initiative (BOLI); a global techno-scientific project which seeks to provide the 'barcode' to 'anyone anywhere' as a ubiquitous species naming device for all species on the planet. The reliance of BOLI upon museum collections for the industrialized

Rebecca Ellis

2008-01-01

37

TOXICITY OF AMMONIA TO EARLY LIFE STAGES OF THE SMALLMOUTH BASS AT FOUR PH VALUES  

EPA Science Inventory

Early life stages of smallmouth bass (Micropterus dolomieui Lacepede) were exposed to ammonia concentrations at four different pH values (from 6.5 to 8.7). Acute lethal tests were conducted with juveniles, and partial chronic tests were initiated at the late embryo stage and exte...

38

Personal Values and Individual Quality of Life in Palliative Care Patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract To evaluate the relationship between personal values and individual quality of life (iQoL) in palliative care patients, 75 patients with advanced cancer or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) were asked to complete a self-report questionnaire concerning personal values and a semi-structured interview on their iQoL. Sixty-four patients took part in the study (56% cancer, 44% ALS). The most important personal

Martin J. Fegg; Maria Wasner; Christian Neudert; Gian Domenico Borasio

39

The heterogeneity of the value of statistical life: Introduction and overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

The refinement in worker fatality risk data used in hedonic wage studies and evidence from new stated preference studies have\\u000a facilitated the exploration of the heterogeneity of the value of statistical life (VSL). Although the median VSL estimate\\u000a for workers is $7–$8 million, the VSL varies considerably within the worker population. New estimates of the income elasticity\\u000a of VSL are

W. Kip Viscusi

2010-01-01

40

Rescaling quality of life values from discrete choice experiments for use as QALYs: a cautionary tale  

PubMed Central

Background Researchers are increasingly investigating the potential for ordinal tasks such as ranking and discrete choice experiments to estimate QALY health state values. However, the assumptions of random utility theory, which underpin the statistical models used to provide these estimates, have received insufficient attention. In particular, the assumptions made about the decisions between living states and the death state are not satisfied, at least for some people. Estimated values are likely to be incorrectly anchored with respect to death (zero) in such circumstances. Methods Data from the Investigating Choice Experiments for the preferences of older people CAPability instrument (ICECAP) valuation exercise were analysed. The values (previously anchored to the worst possible state) were rescaled using an ordinal model proposed previously to estimate QALY-like values. Bootstrapping was conducted to vary artificially the proportion of people who conformed to the conventional random utility model underpinning the analyses. Results Only 26% of respondents conformed unequivocally to the assumptions of conventional random utility theory. At least 14% of respondents unequivocally violated the assumptions. Varying the relative proportions of conforming respondents in sensitivity analyses led to large changes in the estimated QALY values, particularly for lower-valued states. As a result these values could be either positive (considered to be better than death) or negative (considered to be worse than death). Conclusion Use of a statistical model such as conditional (multinomial) regression to anchor quality of life values from ordinal data to death is inappropriate in the presence of respondents who do not conform to the assumptions of conventional random utility theory. This is clearest when estimating values for that group of respondents observed in valuation samples who refuse to consider any living state to be worse than death: in such circumstances the model cannot be estimated. Only a valuation task requiring respondents to make choices in which both length and quality of life vary can produce estimates that properly reflect the preferences of all respondents.

Flynn, Terry N; Louviere, Jordan J; Marley, Anthony AJ; Coast, Joanna; Peters, Tim J

2008-01-01

41

Some Problems with Value-of-Life Estimates Based on Labor Market Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Estimates of the value-of-life have relied heavily on labor market studies of compensating wages. These studies typically involve least squares regressions using cross-sectional data. The dependent variable is log of wages and the in- dependent variables are years of schooling, age, age squared, and so on. The key independent variable is a measure of the death rate on the job.

J. Paul Leigh; Jorge A. García

2000-01-01

42

Energetic costs, underlying resource allocation patterns, and adaptive value of predator-induced life-history shifts  

Microsoft Academic Search

We studied costs and benefits of life history shifts of water fleas (genus Daphnia) in response to infochemicals from planktivorous fish. We applied a dynamic energy budget model to investigate the resource allocation patterns underlying the observed life history shifts and their adaptive value under size selective predation in one coherent analysis. Using a published data set of life history

Karsten Rinke; Stephan Hülsmann; Wolf M. Mooij

2008-01-01

43

Inherent variation in stable isotope values and discrimination factors in two life stages of green turtles.  

PubMed

We examine inherent variation in carbon and nitrogen stable isotope values of multiple soft tissues from a population of captive green turtles Chelonia mydas to determine the extent of isotopic variation due to individual differences in physiology. We compare the measured inherent variation in the captive population with the isotopic variation observed in a wild population of juvenile green turtles. Additionally, we measure diet-tissue discrimination factors to determine the offset that occurs between isotope values of the food source and four green turtle tissues. Tissue samples (epidermis, dermis, serum, and red blood cells) were collected from captive green turtles in two life stages (40 large juveniles and 30 adults) at the Cayman Turtle Farm, Grand Cayman, and analyzed for carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes. Multivariate normal models were fit to the isotope data, and the Bayesian Information Criterion was used for model selection. Inherent variation and discrimination factors differed among tissues and life stages. Inherent variation was found to make up a small portion of the isotopic variation measured in a wild population. Discrimination factors not only are tissue and life stage dependent but also appear to vary with diet and sea turtle species, thus highlighting the need for appropriate discrimination factors in dietary reconstructions and trophic-level estimations. Our measures of inherent variation will also be informative in field studies employing stable isotope analysis so that differences in diet or habitat are more accurately identified. PMID:22902371

Vander Zanden, Hannah B; Bjorndal, Karen A; Mustin, Walter; Ponciano, José Miguel; Bolten, Alan B

2012-08-03

44

Mentors in Life and at School: Impact on Undergraduate Protege Perceptions of University Mission and Values  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|University undergraduates (84 women, 80 men: M age=19.1 years old) reported school mission and value perceptions, life and/or school mentor relationships, and social desirability tendencies. No significant social desirability effect was obtained. Proteges with mentors at school and in life (n=52) reported greater cognitive and informational…

Ferrari, Joseph R.

2004-01-01

45

The accountant as triage master: an economist's perspective on voluntary euthanasia and the value of life debate.  

PubMed

The author, an economist, rebuts the contention that human life cannot and should not be economically evaluated and argues that such evaluations are made implicitly and inconsistently, resulting in a reduction of human welfare. He presents an economic framework for the analysis of costs and benefits in which the focal point, as in most value systems, is the tradeoff between life and quality of life. Therefore, as the quality of life decreases, society's efforts to preserve life should decrease. If the valuation of life includes self evaluation, then there should be less effort to preserve the life of an individual who wishes to die. Richardson concludes that voluntary euthanasia is a limiting case in which society accepts the individual's valuation of life. PMID:11651869

Richardson, J

1987-07-01

46

Life cycle effect on the value relevance of common risk factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The expected rate of return for individual firms is determined by multiple firm-specific factors. There is no evidence on how firm life cycle contributes to the determination of the expected rate of return. This study explores how life cycle stage affects the expected rate of return. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Regression analysis is applied to observe the effect of life

Bixia Xu

2007-01-01

47

Subjective Values of Quality of Life Dimensions in Elderly People. A SEM Preference Model Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article proposes a Thurstonian model in the framework of Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) to assess preferences among quality of life dimensions for the elderly. Data were gathered by a paired comparison design in a sample comprised of 323 people aged from 65 to 94 years old. Five dimensions of quality of life were evaluated: Health,…

Elosua, Paula

2011-01-01

48

Life-Satisfaction, Values and Goal Achievement: The Case of Planned versus by Chance Searches on the Internet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The relation between life domains satisfaction and overall life satisfaction, values, internal/external perceived control and the option of planning or by chance searching information on the Internet has been explored in a sample of Spanish adolescents aged 12 to 16 (N=968). Age and sex differences have been examined. Results clearly confirm a…

Casas, Ferran; Gonzalez, Monica; Figuer, Cristina; Coenders, Germa

2004-01-01

49

Life-Satisfaction, Values and Goal Achievement: The Case of Planned versus by Chance Searches on the Internet  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relation between life domains satisfaction and overall life satisfaction, values, internal/external perceived control and the option of planning or by chance searching information on the Internet has been explored in a sample of Spanish adolescents aged 12 to 16 (N=968). Age and sex differences have been examined. Results clearly confirm a…

Casas, Ferran; Gonzalez, Monica; Figuer, Cristina; Coenders, Germa

2004-01-01

50

Instrumental and Terminal Life Values of Part-Time and Full-Time Community College Faculty in Selected Teaching Assignments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to investigate the instrumental (e.g., Ambitious, Broadminded, Capable, Imaginative, Intellectual, Loving, and Responsibile) and terminal (e.g., A Comfortable Life, A Sense of Accomplishment, Equality, Health, National Security, Mature Love, and Salvation) life values of community college faculty in Oregon using the Rokeach…

Bohan, John F.; Hales, Loyde W.

51

Instrumental and Terminal Life Values of Part-Time and Full-Time Community College Faculty in Selected Teaching Assignments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study was conducted to investigate the instrumental (e.g., Ambitious, Broadminded, Capable, Imaginative, Intellectual, Loving, and Responsibile) and terminal (e.g., A Comfortable Life, A Sense of Accomplishment, Equality, Health, National Security, Mature Love, and Salvation) life values of community college faculty in Oregon using the Rokeach…

Bohan, John F.; Hales, Loyde W.

52

Monetary Value of Slaves, in GALE LIBRARY OF DAILY LIFE: SLAVERY IN AMERICA  

Microsoft Academic Search

History is best absorbed through the words of those who experienced it. This 2-volume set illuminates daily life in slave society in America from colonial times to the end of the Civil War. Approximately 240 articles, organized topically, provide in-depth reference and historical information on the business and regulation of slavery, the plantation way of life, work, family and community,

Jocelyn Cuffee

2008-01-01

53

Every life has equal value.  

PubMed

The 2013 Lasker?Bloomberg Public Service Award will be given to Bill and Melinda Gates "for leading an historic transformation in the way we view the globe's most pressing health concerns and improving the lives of millions of the world's most vulnerable." PMID:24034238

Hood, Leroy E; Lazowska, Edward D

2013-09-12

54

Playing god and the intrinsic value of life: moral problems for synthetic biology?  

PubMed

Most of the reports on synthetic biology include not only familiar topics like biosafety and biosecurity but also a chapter on 'ethical concerns'; a variety of diffuse topics that are interrelated in some way or another. This article deals with these 'ethical concerns'. In particular it addresses issues such as the intrinsic value of life and how to deal with 'artificial life', and the fear that synthetic biologists are tampering with nature or playing God. Its aim is to analyse what exactly is the nature of the concerns and what rationale may lie behind them. The analysis concludes that the above-mentioned worries do not give genuine cause for serious concern. In the best possible way they are interpreted as slippery slope arguments, yet arguments of this type need to be handled with care. It is argued that although we are urged to be especially vigilant we do not have sufficiently cogent reasons to assume that synthetic biology will cause such fundamental hazards as to warrant restricting or refraining from research in this field. PMID:22389208

Link, Hans-Jürgen

2012-03-03

55

Environmental Management of Value Chains Promoting Life-cycle Thinking in Industrial Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Companies are facing increasing demand concerning the environmental perfor- mance of their products. The focus of product development should not be on product characteristics alone, but rather on improving the entire product life-cycle. Holistic management of environmental impacts, i.e. life-cycle thinking, is needed. Life-cycle thinking requires that the main contractors are aware of the environmental aspects of their products within

Hanna-Leena Pesonen

56

Keene v. Brigham and Women's Hospital, Inc.: On the Value of a Life with Mental Retardation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Analysis of the Keene malpractice court case, which awarded compensatory damages to a child with severe disabilities probably contracted shortly after birth, focuses on how the court calculated life expectancy and the loss of life enjoyment, concluding discrimination against people with mental retardation, in that the decision assumes these…

Vitello, Stanley J.

2003-01-01

57

[An approach to abortion and immigration in Spain. The social economic value of the human life].  

PubMed

This paper enters the analysis of the phenomenon of the abortion in Spain, across the study of the reasons of his practices in the group of immigrant women resident in Murcia. The following aims appear are: a) know the prevalence of abortions in the immigrant population of an urban center of primary care health in the state of Murcia, b) know the personal attitude before this population's c) analized abortion this population's socio-economic and religious characteristics and to value their possible relationship with the abortion. The material and method used form a descriptive traverse study, carried out in primary care (Center of primary care San Andrés-state of Murcia) carried out during the months of June to December of 2007. 230 women were included. The collection of data was made by means of interview clinic carrying out a survey semistructured with open and closed questions, in total 14 items, enlarged to 23 items in case one declares voluntary abortions. The Results show us as the fundamental motives for those who are aborted they were the lack of economic means, the disadvantages for his personal projects and the pressure on the part of his pair or family. The conclusions, force first, from the bioethic reflection, to the denunciation of the political- social inaction with regard to the abortion and the ideological manipulation of the socioeconomic reasons of the same practices; and secondly, to the promotion of networks of help to the embarrassed woman and to the public defense of the absolute value of the human life. PMID:21090843

Fernández López, Maria Isabel; Carrillo Navarro, Francisco; Leal Hernández, Mariano; Carrillo Cañaveras, Israel; Carrillo Navarro, Efraím; Lozano Sánchez, María Luisa; Fernández Riquelme, Sergio; Pastor, Luis Miguel

58

The adaptive value of morphological, behavioural and life-history traits in reproductive female wolves.  

PubMed

Reproduction in social organisms is shaped by numerous morphological, behavioural and life-history traits such as body size, cooperative breeding and age of reproduction, respectively. Little is known, however, about the relative influence of these different types of traits on reproduction, particularly in the context of environmental conditions that determine their adaptive value. Here, we use 14 years of data from a long-term study of wolves (Canis lupus) in Yellowstone National Park, USA, to evaluate the relative effects of different traits and ecological factors on the reproductive performance (litter size and survival) of breeding females. At the individual level, litter size and survival improved with body mass and declined with age (c. 4-5 years). Grey-coloured females had more surviving pups than black females, which likely contributed to the maintenance of coat colour polymorphism in this system. The effect of pack size on reproductive performance was nonlinear as litter size peaked at eight wolves and then declined, and litter survival increased rapidly up to three wolves, beyond which it increased more gradually. At the population level, litter size and survival decreased with increasing wolf population size and canine distemper outbreaks. The relative influence of these different-level factors on wolf reproductive success followed individual > group > population. Body mass was the primary determinant of litter size, followed by pack size and population size. Body mass was also the main driver of litter survival, followed by pack size and disease. Reproductive gains because of larger body size and cooperative breeding may mitigate reproductive losses because of negative density dependence and disease. These findings highlight the adaptive value of large body size and sociality in promoting individual fitness in stochastic and competitive environments. PMID:23043440

Stahler, Daniel R; MacNulty, Daniel R; Wayne, Robert K; vonHoldt, Bridgett; Smith, Douglas W

2012-10-08

59

Mortality in Appalachian coal mining regions: the value of statistical life lost  

SciTech Connect

We examined elevated mortality rates in Appalachian coal mining areas for 1979-2005, and estimated the corresponding value of statistical life (VSL) lost relative to the economic benefits of the coal mining industry. We compared age-adjusted mortality rates and socioeconomic conditions across four county groups: Appalachia with high levels of coal mining, Appalachia with lower mining levels, Appalachia without coal mining, and other counties in the nation. We converted mortality estimates to VSL estimates and compared the results with the economic contribution of coal mining. We also conducted a discount analysis to estimate current benefits relative to future mortality costs. The heaviest coal mining areas of Appalachia had the poorest socioeconomic conditions. Before adjusting for covariates, the number of excess annual age-adjusted deaths in coal mining areas ranged from 3,975 to 10,923, depending on years studied and comparison group. Corresponding VSL estimates ranged from $18.563 billion to $84.544 billion, with a point estimate of $50.010 billion, greater than the $8.088 billion economic contribution of coal mining. After adjusting for covariates, the number of excess annual deaths in mining areas ranged from 1,736 to 2,889, and VSL costs continued to exceed the benefits of mining. Discounting VSL costs into the future resulted in excess costs relative to benefits in seven of eight conditions, with a point estimate of $41.846 billion.

Hendryx, M.; Ahern, M.M. [West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV (United States). Dept. of Community Medicine

2009-07-15

60

The importance of health-related quality-of-life data in determining the value of drug therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The rapid evolution of outcomes research during the last decade has led to increasing emphasis on measures of health-related quality of life (HRQOL). However, the relatively recent advent of these measures makes it difficult to decide how much weight to attribute to them in decisions about the value of drug therapy.Objective: The aim of this article is to discuss

Xavier Badia; Michael Herdman

2001-01-01

61

The value of 'life at any cost': Talk about stopping kidney dialysis  

PubMed Central

With the trend toward an older, sicker dialysis population in the USA, discussions of ethical issues surrounding dialysis have shifted from concerns about access to and availability of the therapy, to growing unease about non-initiation and treatment discontinuation. Recent studies report treatment withdrawal as the leading cause of death among elderly dialysis patients. Yet, the actual activities that move patients toward stopping treatment often remain obscure, even to clinicians and patients themselves. This paper explores that paradox, drawing on anthropological research among patients over age 70, their families, and clinicians in two California renal dialysis units. It concludes that many older patients sacrifice a sense of choice about dialysis in the present to maintain “choice” as both value and possibility for the future. Yet, patients desire more information and communication, provided earlier in their illness, about prognosis, how long they can expect to be on dialysis, and what the impact of the treatment will be on their daily lives. That, with time, there is a transition to be made from dialysis as “treatment” to end of life care could be better explained and managed to alleviate patients’ confusion and unneeded isolation.

Russ, Ann J.; Shim, Janet K.; Kaufman, Sharon R.

2007-01-01

62

Your Money and Your Life: The Value of Health and What Affects It  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the role of medical care in improving health and compares that value of better health produced by medical care with the costs of that care. Valuing medical care requires measuring the health of the population. We start by developing a measure of the nation's health capital -- the dollar value of health a person will have over

David M. Cutler; Elizabeth Richardson

1999-01-01

63

Product Redesign Using Value-Oriented Life Cycle Costing  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new redesign approach has been developed considering the perspective of a designer who wants to improve product performance over the whole life-cycle while simultaneously optimising costs. Product components can be identified which incur high costs compared to their functional value. In order to identify the optimisation potential, the methods of Value Analysis, Quality Function Deployment and Life Cycle Costing

D. Janz; W. Sihn; H.-J. Warnecke

2005-01-01

64

Exploring the Effects of Television Viewing on Perceived Life Quality: A Combined Perspective of Material Value and Upward Social Comparison  

Microsoft Academic Search

American television programs have been criticized for being filled with images endorsing capitalist consumerism and for being weighted toward the upper middle classes. This study proposed that heavy viewing of these distorted representations may culminate in decreases in viewers' life satisfaction. A path model investigated this supposition, based on material value and social comparison perspectives. Surveys were administered to 225

Hyeseung Yang; Mary Beth Oliver

2010-01-01

65

Relationships between the Life Values of U. S. College Students and their Cognitive/Affective Responses to the Threat of Nuclear War.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined relationships between life values of 399 American college students and their nuclear war-related thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. Subjects completed four scales from Life Values Inventory, Satisfaction with Life Scale, four scales from Nuclear War Inventory, and single behavioral measure of approach toward information concerning nuclear…

Hamilton, Scott B.; And Others

1989-01-01

66

Relationships between the Life Values of U. S. College Students and their Cognitive/Affective Responses to the Threat of Nuclear War.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examined relationships between life values of 399 American college students and their nuclear war-related thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. Subjects completed four scales from Life Values Inventory, Satisfaction with Life Scale, four scales from Nuclear War Inventory, and single behavioral measure of approach toward information concerning…

Hamilton, Scott B.; And Others

1989-01-01

67

Predictive value of life events, psychosocial factors and self-rated health on disability in an elderly rural French population  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasing evidence suggests that exposure to stressful life events and a variety of psychosocial factors are related to different health outcomes in the elderly. Our purpose is to study the predictive value of each of these items on the ability deterioration of a panel of 645 rural adults, aged 60 and over, living at home and followed for 4 years

A. Grand; P. Grosclaude; H. Bocquet; J. Pous; J. L. Albarede

1988-01-01

68

How to Shape Children's Value Attitudes toward the Rural Way of Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The crisis of rural life in Russia involves a declining and aging population, emigration of rural young people to urban areas, lack of employment, and farms in urgent need of modernization. Programs in rural schools can be used more deliberately to encourage young people to remain in the village and to equip them to be agents of rural…

Gur'ianova, M. P.

2011-01-01

69

Evaluating the nation's risk assessors: Nuclear power and the ‘value of life  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nuclear power, like transport and most of the everyday activities monitored by the Health & Safety Executive, imposes risks?occasionally, as Chernobyl showed, catastrophic ones ? on all of us. Yet in principle, the value of reducing them should be measured in the same way. In fact, widely differing values are in use. It is time a common basis of measurement

Alan Marin

1986-01-01

70

Predictive value of obsessive compulsive symptoms involving the skin on quality of life in patients with acne vulgaris.  

PubMed

Acne is one of the most common dermatological diseases, and obsessive compulsive disorder is among the most frequent psychiatric conditions seen in dermatology clinics. Comorbidity of these conditions may therefore be expected. The aim of this study was to measure obsessive compulsive symptoms and quality of life in patients with acne vulgaris, compare them with those of healthy control subjects, and determine whether there is any predictive value of obsessive compulsive symptoms for quality of life in patients with acne. Obsessive compulsive symptoms and quality of life measurements of 146 patients with acne vulgaris and 94 healthy control subjects were made using the Maudsley Obsessive Compulsive Questionnaire and Short Form-36 in a cross-sectional design. Patients with acne vulgaris had lower scores for physical functioning, physical role dysfunction, general health perception, vitality, and emotional role dysfunction. They also had higher scores for checking, slowness, and rumination. The only predictor of physical functioning and vitality dimensions of health-related quality of life in these patients was rumination score. Obsessive compulsive symptoms in patients with acne vulgaris are higher than in controls, and this may correlate with both disease severity and quality of life for patients. PMID:23572177

Bez, Yasin; Yesilova, Yavuz; Ar?, Mustafa; Kaya, Mehmet Cemal; Alpak, Gokay; Bulut, Mahmut

2013-10-23

71

The role of narrative in discussing end-of-life care: eliciting values and goals from text, context, and subtext.  

PubMed

This article reports a qualitative study of elderly veterans' perceptions of and preferences for end-of-life care. At a large urban Veterans Affairs (VA) hospital, we asked 30 veterans and 30 health care providers to define 4 terms in the VA form of the advance directive: life-sustaining treatment, terminal condition, state of permanent unconsciousness, and decision-making capacity. The veterans commonly used narratives to construct meaning, and analysis showed that the resulting texts had both a subtext (the values and goals driving the narrative) and a context (life experiences that filter and shape the current interpretation). We found that all 3 components--text, subtext, and context--are crucial to understanding the central theme of an individual's narrative and the decision-making processes associated with it. In this article we examine 1 lengthy narrative using Chafe's (1994) notion of intonation units. We then present a series of short narratives to demonstrate 3 subthemes that emerged from the data: quality of life versus quantity of life, benefit of treatment versus cost of treatment, and, most common, control versus lack of control. Our goal was to demonstrate the centrality and usefulness of storytelling in the patient-provider interaction when listeners are willing to consider the subtext and context of the story and its role in the decision-making process. As demonstrated in this study, deciphering people's stories gives us insight into their values, the mental constructs that drive their decision making, and the goals that they have for their own health care. PMID:16519592

Young, Amanda J; Rodriguez, Keri L

2006-01-01

72

Towards the Good and Rational Life: Method and Value in the Crisis of Political Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The crisis in political theory may be attributed to two related shortcomings of value and method. There is an impasse because theorists have largely relinquished the task of developing a systematic and ethically oriented approach to the problems confronting modern polities. Both the legacy of positivism and the academic division of labor in political science have limited the scope of

Geoff Stokes

1990-01-01

73

Ordinary nature: the value of exploring and restoring nature in everyday life  

Microsoft Academic Search

A great deal has been accomplished during the past decade in the area of urban wildlife conservation, restoration, and management. Natural resource managers and agencies have been responsible for initiating a wide variety of ambitious and innovative programs and policies, helping to gain new awareness and appreciation of the value of conserving and enhancing wildlife habitat and species in urban

Stephen Kellert

2004-01-01

74

Matters of the Heart: Bringing the Values to Life at Eastman Kodak Company.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the rationale and implementation of the Eastman Kodak Company's "Fundamentals for Kodak Renewal" employee program. Using adventure activities, employees move through awareness, agreement, and alignment stages to integrate the company's basic values of respect for the dignity of the individual, uncompromising integrity, trust,…

Tette, Rick; Murray, Mark

1997-01-01

75

Aggregation Biases in Estimates of the Value per Statistical Life: Evidence from Longitudinal Matched Worker-Firm Data in Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study uses a unique longitudinally-linked employer–employee dataset to estimate the magnitude of bias in estimating the\\u000a value per statistical life (VSL) that arises from the conventional use of industry-average occupational risk. This unique\\u000a dataset, covering workers in Taiwan over the period 1998–2002, allows us to distinguish among potential sources of bias including\\u000a omitted variables and to control for the

Wehn-Jyuan Tsai; Jin-Tan Liu; James K. Hammitt

2011-01-01

76

Rescaling quality of life values from discrete choice experiments for use as QALYs: a cautionary tale  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Researchers are increasingly investigating the potential for ordinal tasks such as ranking and discrete choice experiments to estimate QALY health state values. However, the assumptions of random utility theory, which underpin the statistical models used to provide these estimates, have received insufficient attention. In particular, the assumptions made about the decisions between living states and the death state are

Terry N Flynn; Jordan J Louviere; Anthony AJ Marley; Joanna Coast; Tim J Peters

2008-01-01

77

The adaptive value of gluttony: predators mediate the life history trade-offs of satiation threshold.  

PubMed

Animals vary greatly in their tendency to consume large meals. Yet, whether or how meal size influences fitness in wild populations is infrequently considered. Using a predator exclusion, mark-recapture experiment, we estimated selection on the amount of food accepted during an ad libitum feeding bout (hereafter termed 'satiation threshold') in the wolf spider Schizocosa ocreata. Individually marked, size-matched females of known satiation threshold were assigned to predator exclusion and predator inclusion treatments and tracked for a 40-day period. We also estimated the narrow-sense heritability of satiation threshold using dam-on-female-offspring regression. In the absence of predation, high satiation threshold was positively associated with larger and faster egg case production. However, these selective advantages were lost when predators were present. We estimated the heritability of satiation threshold to be 0.56. Taken together, our results suggest that satiation threshold can respond to selection and begets a life history trade-off in this system: high satiation threshold individuals tend to produce larger egg cases but also suffer increased susceptibility to predation. PMID:20840307

Pruitt, J N; Krauel, J J

2010-10-01

78

Q value and half-life of double-electron capture in 184Os  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

184Os has been excluded as a promising candidate for the search of neutrinoless double-electron capture. High-precision mass measurements with the Penning-trap mass spectrometer TRIGA-TRAP result in a marginal resonant enhancement with ?=-8.89(58) keV excess energy to the 1322.152(22) keV 0+ excited state in 184W. State-of-the-art energy density functional calculations are applied for the evaluation of the nuclear matrix elements to the excited states predicting a strong suppression due to the large deformation of mother and daughter states. The half-life of the transition exceeds T1/2(184Os)?1.3×1029 yr for an effective neutrino mass of 1 eV.

Smorra, C.; Rodríguez, T. R.; Beyer, T.; Blaum, K.; Block, M.; Düllmann, Ch. E.; Eberhardt, K.; Eibach, M.; Eliseev, S.; Langanke, K.; Martínez-Pinedo, G.; Nagy, Sz.; Nörtershäuser, W.; Renisch, D.; Shabaev, V. M.; Tupitsyn, I. I.; Zubova, N. A.

2012-10-01

79

A method to determine a non-economic personal value of life.  

PubMed

This paper presents a method for estimating a non-monetary personal value for death in the context of a decision problem. The method evolved from a case study of a personal decision strategy for choosing whether to receive the swine influenza vaccine, based on the predicted epidemic in the United States in the fall of 1976. Rather than dealing with the decision-maker's assessments of utilities associated with extreme outcomes such as one's own death, the basic approach considers probabilities representing marginal reductions in the probability of death. An application to the swine influenza decision is included. PMID:10258362

Zalkind, D L; Shachtman, R H

1983-02-01

80

Life support decisions for children: what do parents value?  

PubMed

This investigation answered the question, What meaning do parents give to the decision to authorize or to withdraw or forgo authorization of life-sustaining treatment for a child? Using an exploratory design, the author interviewed 20 families who had faced this decision in the prior 6 to 12 months. From content analysis, parents' essential meaning was experienced through their sense of self, their being, and an ethic of responsibility. Parents' decisions reflected values regarding the eight key themes of life, pain and suffering, quality of life, not self, respect for person or best interest, family, faith and nature, and technology. PMID:8866000

Kirschbaum, M S

1996-09-01

81

Optimum Seismic Protection for New Building Construction in Eastern Metropolitan Areas: A Review of Recent Studies on the Economic Value of a Human Life.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Factors pertaining to the problem of quantifying the value of human life are enumerated, and some of the schemes and rationale that have been used in such quantification are reviewed. Factors considered in the loss of life involve direct economic costs su...

C. A. Cornell M. H. Ackroyd

1973-01-01

82

Human Values and the Market: The Case of Life Insurance and Death in 19th-Century America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the development of life insurance programs in the United States during the nineteenth century and traces social attitudes about life insurance from rejection to acceptance. Historical data indicate that life insurance emerged in the late nineteenth century as a form of ritual with which to face death. (Author/DB)

Zelizer, Viviana A.

1978-01-01

83

Purpose in life and value changes following conversion  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Purpose in Life Test (PIL) and the Rokeach Value Survey were completed by 91 undergraduates. There were 4 groups of religious converts: less than 1 wk, for 1 mo, up to 6 mo, and 6 mo or longer. Two groups of nonconverts served as controls. Converts scored higher on the PIL than nonconverts. New converts showed a sharp rise

Raymond F. Paloutzian

1981-01-01

84

The Young People of Tula: Value Orientations and the Realities of Everyday Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 2005, the Laboratory of Sociological Research of the municipal office of the social service Shans Center for Social and Psychological Assistance for Young People carried out a sociological survey titled "Current Problems of Today's Young Person," for the purpose of studying the most urgent problems affecting the social development of Tula's…

Samsonova, E. A.; Efimova, E. Iu.

2008-01-01

85

People in Between: The Value of Life Stories in Exploring the Needs of Colombian Asylum Seekers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The long, protracted civil war, spanning nearly fifty years, in the South American nation of Colombia has displaced almost four million civilians in as much time. Tens of thousands of refugees were resettled in Ecuador, Panama, Venezuela and other neighboring countries. Some, still threatened in their country of first asylum, and resettled to the United States (US) with their families,

Poonam R. Valliappan

2011-01-01

86

Threat to Valued Elements of Life: The Experience of Dementia across Three Ethnic Groups  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: There is a fundamental knowledge gap regarding the experience of dementia within minority ethnic groups in the United Kingdom and elsewhere. The present study examined the subjective reality of living with dementia from the perspective of people with dementia within the 3 largest ethnic groups in the United Kingdom. Design and Methods:…

Lawrence, Vanessa; Samsi, Kritika; Banerjee, Sube; Morgan, Craig; Murray, Joanna

2011-01-01

87

The Interaction between Gender Stereotypes and Life Values as Factors in the Choice of Profession  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The author states that, the sex-role identity of both men and women forms and changes as a function of the conditions of upbringing, schooling, and the degree of pressure of sex-role stereotypes that are instilled by the mass media. In spite of the proclaimed "equal opportunities" for men and women when it comes to acquiring some profession,…

Razumnikova, O. M.

2005-01-01

88

The Influence of Materialistic Inclination on Values, Life Satisfaction and Aspirations: An Empirical Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article attempts to measure the effect ofmaterialistic inclination on the degree of lifesatisfaction. The study is based on a sample of about1600 respondents randomly selected from differentparts of the city state of Singapore. Theserespondents were divided into two distinct groups withhigh or low materialistic inclination. It wasobserved that when these respondents were asked torate the importance of the nine

Kau Ah Keng; Kwon Jung; Tan Soo Jiuan; Jochen Wirtz

2000-01-01

89

Any Added Value? Co-Constructing Life Stories of and with People with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Despite considerable achievement in inclusive research, people with intellectual disabilities have been largely excluded from the critical area of data analysis and theory development. Next to the undoubted complexity of these tasks, this can partly be attributed to higher demands of representativeness that are used to judge the validity of

Koenig, Oliver

2012-01-01

90

Any Added Value? Co-Constructing Life Stories of and with People with Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite considerable achievement in inclusive research, people with intellectual disabilities have been largely excluded from the critical area of data analysis and theory development. Next to the undoubted complexity of these tasks, this can partly be attributed to higher demands of representativeness that are used to judge the validity of

Koenig, Oliver

2012-01-01

91

Extrapolation Factors for Derivation of Acute Aquatic Life Screening Values: Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors  

EPA Science Inventory

USEPA?s Office of Water (OW) and Office of Pesticide Programs (OPP) are both charged with assessing risks of chemicals to aquatic species. The offices have developed scientifically defensible methods to assess chemicals under the Clean Water Act (CWA) and the Federal Insecticide...

92

The value oflife at any cost”: Talk about stopping kidney dialysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the trend toward an older, sicker dialysis population in the USA, discussions of ethical issues surrounding dialysis have shifted from concerns about access to and availability of the therapy, to growing unease about non-initiation and treatment discontinuation. Recent studies report treatment withdrawal as the leading cause of death among elderly dialysis patients. Yet, the actual activities that move patients

Ann J. Russ; Janet K. Shim; Sharon R. Kaufman

2007-01-01

93

The Value of Vitalism and Schrodinger's "What Is Life?" in the Contemporary Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Classic experiments and novel ideas in the history of science are often mentioned in passing in contemporary college-level science curricula. This study indicates that the detailed and creative recapitulation of a few well-chosen and famous, if well-known, results and ideas has the potential to increase students' understanding and appreciation of

Sitaraman, Ramakrishnan

2009-01-01

94

The life satisfaction approach to valuing public goods: The case of terrorism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Terrorism has large social costs that are difficult to quantify for the well-known problems of eliciting people’s preferences\\u000a for public goods. We use the LSA to assess these costs in utility and monetary terms. Based on combined cross-section time-series\\u000a data, we estimate the costs of terrorism for France and the British Isles. We find large negative effects of terrorism on

Bruno S. Frey; Simon Luechinger; Alois Stutzer

2009-01-01

95

Life experience and the value-free foundations of Blumer's collective behavior theory.  

PubMed

Herbert Blumer stated throughout his long career that his ideas regarding collective behavior originated with his introduction to pragmatist philosophy under the auspices of G. H. Mead at the University of Chicago. Blumer's biography, however, presents a different picture. Firsthand experiences with mob behavior, collective outrage, and the fallout associated with Blumer's public utterances early in his career may have had significant impact on the eventual corpus of collective behavior. PMID:21462195

Keys, David; Maratea, R J

2011-01-01

96

The value of vitalism and Schrodinger's What is Life? in the contemporary classroom.  

PubMed

Classic experiments and novel ideas in the history of science are often mentioned in passing in contemporary college-level science curricula. This study indicates that the detailed and creative recapitulation of a few well-chosen and famous, if well-known, results and ideas has the potential to increase students' understanding and appreciation of the scientific method and provides them with an altogether novel perspective of science. Since the students are usually aware of the salient facts involved, they are free to concentrate on the method, rather than worry about assimilating new facts. Such an approach has the potential to promote original thinking and rekindle enthusiasm for science, even at the university level. PMID:21567724

Sitaraman, Ramakrishnan

2009-05-01

97

The Value of LifeAn Argument for the Death Penalty  

Microsoft Academic Search

Criminologists have generally attacked capital punishment and have argued for its abolition. They contend (1) that there is no evidence showing the superior general deterrent effectiveness of the death penalty, (2) that the death penalty has been applied discriminatorily in the past, (3) that innocent persons may be executed, (4) that the public does not want a constitutionally acceptable form

Marlene W. Lehtinen

1977-01-01

98

Nurturing the Life of the Mind: If Schools Don't Value Intellect, Who Will?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

If schools were strongholds of intellect, the most academically able would be stars. Gifted kids often have trouble with school; academically uninterested kids enjoy cult-hero status; and the humanities are undervalued. Schools' purpose has been to train future employees and consumers, not create intellectual citizens. (MLH)

Vail, Kathleen

2001-01-01

99

An attempt to estimate the economic value of the loss of human life due to landslide and flood events in Italy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Landslide and flood events in Italy cause wide and severe damage to buildings and infrastructure, and are frequently involved in the loss of human life. The cost estimates of past natural disasters generally refer to the amount of public money used for the restoration of the direct damage, and most commonly do not account for all disaster impacts. Other cost components, including indirect losses, are difficult to quantify and, among these, the cost of human lives. The value of specific human life can be identified with the value of a statistical life (VLS), defined as the value that an individual places on a marginal change in their likelihood of death This is different from the value of an actual life. Based on information of fatal car accidents in Italy, we evaluate the cost that society suffers for the loss of life due to landslide and flood events. Using a catalogue of fatal landslide and flood events, for which information about gender and age of the fatalities is known, we determine the cost that society suffers for the loss of their life. For the purpose, we calculate the economic value in terms of the total income that the working-age population involved in the fatal events would have earned over the course of their life. For the computation, we use the pro-capita income calculated as the ratio between the GDP and the population value in Italy for each year, since 1980. Problems occur for children and retired people that we decided not to include in our estimates.

Salvati, Paola; Bianchi, Cinzia; Hussin, Haydar; Guzzetti, Fausto

2013-04-01

100

Predictions of invasion success of Gonatocerus triguttatus (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae), an egg parasitoid of Homalodisca vitripennis (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae), in California using life table statistics and degree–day values  

Microsoft Academic Search

The number of expected generations of Gonatocerus triguttatus Girault, a parasitoid of the glassy-winged sharpshooter, Homalodisca vitripennis (Germar), in California (USA) was estimated using life table statistics and degree–day requirements. Between 0–18.9 and 0–25.3 generations per year were estimated across different climatic regions in California, using life table and degree–day models, respectively. Temperature-based values for net reproductive rate, R0, were

Leigh J. Pilkington; Mark S. Hoddle

2007-01-01

101

Development and Validation of a Short Form of the Valued Life Activities Disability Questionnaire for Rheumatoid Arthritis  

PubMed Central

Objective Develop and validate a shortened version of the Valued Life Activities disability and accommodations scale (VLA) for individuals with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods To shorten the existing VLA measure, item response theory analyses were conducted using data from 449 patients with RA. Next, the resulting 14-item shortened version of the VLA scale (S-VLA) was evaluated by structured interviews among 20 RA patients. Lastly, the S-VLA was administered to 150 RA patients along with other measures including the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) and SF-36. A random sample of 50 patients completed the S-VLA two weeks later to assess reliability. Item statistics were calculated to evaluate correlations between individual items and S-VLA total score. Correlations between the S-VLA and other measures were used to evaluate validity. Results Test–retest reliability was 0.91, while Cronbach’s alpha for the S-VLA was 0.95. None of the 14 items were associated with improved alpha coefficients when omitted. All items were strongly correlated with the S-VLA total score. S-VLA scores were highly positively correlated with HAQ (r=0.81; p?0.001), patient-reported disease activity (r=0.71; p?0.001), satisfaction with abilities (r=0.82; p?0.001), and number of days with activity limitations (r=0.65; p?0.001). In addition, as hypothesized, the S-VLA was inversely correlated with SF-36 Physical Component Summary score (r=?0.78; p?0.001) and subscales: Physical Functioning (r=?0.80; p?0.001), Role Physical (r=?0.67; p?0.001) and Social Functioning (r=?0.72; p?0.001). Conclusions The S-VLA is a short, valid, and reliable instrument that may prove useful for monitoring disability among individuals with RA.

Katz, Patricia P.; Radvanski, Diane C.; Allen, Diane; Buyske, Steven; Schiff, Samuel; Nadkarni, Anagha; Rosenblatt, Lisa; Maclean, Ross; Hassett, Afton L.

2011-01-01

102

The value of value congruence.  

PubMed

Research on value congruence has attempted to explain why value congruence leads to positive outcomes, but few of these explanations have been tested empirically. In this article, the authors develop and test a theoretical model that integrates 4 key explanations of value congruence effects, which are framed in terms of communication, predictability, interpersonal attraction, and trust. These constructs are used to explain the process by which value congruence relates to job satisfaction, organizational identification, and intent to stay in the organization, after taking psychological need fulfillment into account. Data from a heterogeneous sample of employees from 4 organizations indicate that the relationships that link individual and organizational values to outcomes are explained primarily by the trust that employees place in the organization and its members, followed by communication, and, to a lesser extent, interpersonal attraction. Polynomial regression analyses reveal that the relationships emanating from individual and organizational values often deviated from the idealized value congruence relationship that underlies previous theory and research. The authors' results also show that individual and organizational values exhibited small but significant relationships with job satisfaction and organizational identification that bypassed the mediators in their model, indicating that additional explanations of value congruence effects should be pursued in future research. PMID:19450005

Edwards, Jeffrey R; Cable, Daniel M

2009-05-01

103

The effects of inflation and time-value of money on an economic order quantity model with a random product life cycle  

Microsoft Academic Search

For several decades, the Economic Order Quantity (EOQ) model and its variations have received much attention from researchers. Recently, there has been an investigation into an EOQ model incorporating a random product life cycle and the concept of time-value of money. This paper extends the previous research in several areas. First, we investigate the impact of inflation on the choice

Ilkyeong Moon; Suyeon Lee

2000-01-01

104

Estimating stroke-free and total life expectancy in the presence of non-ignorable missing values  

PubMed Central

A continuous time three-state model with time-dependent transition intensities is formulated to describe transitions between healthy and unhealthy states before death. By using time continuously, known death times can be taken into account. To deal with possible non-ignorable missing states, a selection model is proposed for the joint distribution of both the state and whether or not the state is observed. To estimate total life expectancy and its subdivision into life expectancy in health and ill health, the three-state model is extrapolated beyond the follow-up of the study. Estimation of life expectancies is illustrated by analysing data from a longitudinal study of aging where individuals are in a state of ill health if they have ever experienced a stroke. Results for the selection model are compared with results for a model where states are assumed to be missing at random and with results for a model that ignores missing states.

van den Hout, Ardo; Matthews, Fiona E

2010-01-01

105

Recombinant Erythropoietin for Chemotherapy-Related Anaemia: Economic Value and Health-Related Quality-of-Life Assessment Using Direct Utility Elicitation and Discrete Choice Experiment Methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To assess both the health-related quality of life (HR-QOL) and the economic value of erythropoietin treatment in chemotherapy-related anaemia using direct utility elicitation and discrete choice experiment (DCE) methods from a societal perspective in the UK. Methods: The time trade-off (TTO) method was employed to obtain utility values suitable for the calculation of QALYs for no, mild, moderate and

Diego F. Ossa; Andrew Briggs; Emma McIntosh; Warren Cowell; Tim Littlewood; Mark Sculpher

2007-01-01

106

Customer LifeLong Value Computing Research Based on Expenditure Assignment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The customer life-long value is the key factor to survey the customer relationship management plan to be successful or not, its influencing factor is very complex, and many factors' influence hasn't very good quantification means at present. In this paper, the customer life-long value's composition was analyzed, the influencing factor and the computational method of the customer life-long value was

Qiaohong Zu; Dingfang Chen

2008-01-01

107

Value priorities and their relations with quality of life in the Baby Boomer generation of Lithuanian nurses: a cross-sectional survey  

PubMed Central

Background The understanding of the values of nurses is especially important, since nurses constitute 80% of workforce in the healthcare system in Lithuania. In addition to that, nursing is one of the major constituents of healthcare. The aim of this study was to determine what values predominate in the cohort of Baby Boomer nurses, and to evaluate the relation of these values with quality of life using M. Rokeach's terminal and instrumental values scale. M.Rokeach distinguished terminal values (such as world peace, wisdom, and happiness), which are preferred end-states of existence, and instrumental values (such as responsibility and cooperation), which are preferred modes of conduct. Methods We performed a representative anonymous questionnaire-based inquiry of nurses working in regional hospitals of Lithuania. The nurses who participated in the study were distributed into four work cohorts: the Veterans, the Baby Boomers, the Generation Xers, and the Generation Nexters. The majority of the nurses belonged to the Baby Boomers and the Generation Xers cohorts. Since in Lithuania, like in the whole Europe, the representatives of the Baby Boomers generation are predominating among working people, we selected this cohort (N = 387) for the analysis. The survey data was processed using the SPSS statistical software package Results The main values in life were family security, tranquility, and a sense of accomplishment. However, such values as true friendship, equality, and pleasurable and leisured life were seen as rather insignificant. The most important instrumental values were honesty, skillfulness, and responsibility. Our study showed a statistically significant (albeit weak) correlation between the QOL and terminal values such as the sense of accomplishment, tranquility, equality, and pleasure, as well as the instrumental value – obedience. We detected a statistically significant relationship between good QOL and satisfaction with oneself, relationships with the surrounding people, and friends' support. Conclusion The findings of our study showed that, although Lithuania was under a totalitarian regime for 50 years, both the terminal and the instrumental values of the Baby Boomers generation are very similar to those of the same generation in other countries.

Blazeviciene, Aurelija; Jakusovaite, Irayda

2007-01-01

108

CALORIFIC VALUES IN THE PHYLUM PLATYHELMINTHES: THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN POTENTIAL ENERGY, MODE OF LIFE AND THE EVOLUTION OF ENTOPARASITISM  

Microsoft Academic Search

An analysis of the calorific values (kcal\\/g) of seventeen species of animals from six phyla has shown that they have a skewed distribution with a modal fre quency at or near the lower range limit (Slobodkin and Richman, 1%1 ) . This was regarded as support for the hypothesis that natural selection generally favors production of the maximum number of

P. CALOW; J. B. JENNINGS

109

Do managerial men benefit from organizational values supporting work-personal life balance?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship of managerial and professional men's perception of organizational values supporting work-personal life balance in their workplace and their work experiences, indicators of work and life satisfaction and psychological wellbeing. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Data are collected from 283 men using anonymous questionnaires. Findings – Managerial men reporting organizational values more

Ronald Burke

2010-01-01

110

Do male psychologists benefit from organizational values supporting work-personal life balance?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the relationship of male psychologists’ perception of organizational values supporting work-personal life balance in their workplace and their work experiences, indicators of work and life satisfaction and psychological well-being. Data were collected from 134 men using anonymous questionnaires. Male psychologists reporting organizational values more supportive of work-personal life balance also reported more joy in work, less job

Ronald J. Burke; Zena Burgess; Fay Oberrlaid

2004-01-01

111

Do managerial men benefit from organizational values supporting work-personal life balance?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the relationship of managerial and professional men’s perception of organizational values supporting work-personal life balance in their workplace and their work experiences, indicators of work and life satisfaction and psychological wellbeing. Data were collected from 283 men using anonymous questionnaires. Managerial men reporting organizational values more supportive of work-personal life balance also reported working fewer hours and

Ronald Burke

2000-01-01

112

Broad Themes of Difference between French and Americans in Attitudes to Food and Other Life Domains: Personal Versus Communal Values, Quantity Versus Quality, and Comforts Versus Joys.  

PubMed

Analysis of previous literature on the role of food in life in France and the United States suggests some fundamental differences in attitudes which may generalize outside of the food domain. Questionnaire results from French and American adults suggest that, compared to the French, Americans emphasize quantity rather than quality in making choices, Americans have a higher preference for variety, and Americans usually prefer comforts (things that make life easier) over joys (unique things that make life interesting). The American preference for quantity over quality is discussed in terms of the American focus on abundance as opposed to the French preference for moderation. The American preference for variety is reflective of Americans' more personal as opposed to communal food and other values. PMID:21845184

Rozin, Paul; Remick, Abigail K; Fischler, Claude

2011-07-26

113

Broad Themes of Difference between French and Americans in Attitudes to Food and Other Life Domains: Personal Versus Communal Values, Quantity Versus Quality, and Comforts Versus Joys  

PubMed Central

Analysis of previous literature on the role of food in life in France and the United States suggests some fundamental differences in attitudes which may generalize outside of the food domain. Questionnaire results from French and American adults suggest that, compared to the French, Americans emphasize quantity rather than quality in making choices, Americans have a higher preference for variety, and Americans usually prefer comforts (things that make life easier) over joys (unique things that make life interesting). The American preference for quantity over quality is discussed in terms of the American focus on abundance as opposed to the French preference for moderation. The American preference for variety is reflective of Americans’ more personal as opposed to communal food and other values.

Rozin, Paul; Remick, Abigail K.; Fischler, Claude

2011-01-01

114

Does the Value of a Statistical Life Vary with Age and Health Status? Evidence from the United States and Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much of the justification for environmental rulemaking rests on estimates of the benefits to society of reduced mortality rates. Yet the literature providing estimates of the willingness to pay (WTP) for mortality risk reductions measures the value that healthy, prime-aged adults place on reducing their risk of dying, whereas the majority of statistical lives saved by environmental programs, according to

Alan Krupnick; Maureen Cropper; Anna Alberini; Nathalie B. Simon

2002-01-01

115

Grass pollen allergy in children and adolescents-symptoms, health related quality of life and the value of pollen prognosis  

PubMed Central

Introduction An association between pollen count (Poaceae) and symptoms is well known, but to a lesser degree the importance of priming and lag effects. Also, threshold levels for changes in symptom severity need to be validated. The present study aims to investigate the relationship between pollen counts, symptoms and health related quality of life (HRQL), and to validate thresholds levels, useful in public pollen warnings. Material and methods Children aged 7–18 with grass pollen allergy filled out a symptom diary during the pollen season for nose, eyes and lung symptoms, as well as a HRQL questionnaire every week. Pollen counts were monitored using a volumetric spore trap. Results 89 (91%) of the included 98 children completed the study. There was a clear association between pollen count, symptom severity and HRQL during the whole pollen season, but no difference in this respect between early and late pollen season. There was a lag effect of 1–3 days after pollen exposure except for lung symptoms. We found only two threshold levels, at 30 and 80 pollen grains/m3 for the total symptom score, not three as is used today. The nose and eyes reacted to low doses, but for the lung symptoms, symptom strength did hardly change until 50 pollen grains/m3. Conclusion Grass pollen has an effect on symptoms and HRQL, lasting up to 5 days after exposure. Symptoms from the lungs appear to have higher threshold levels than the eyes and the nose. Overall symptom severity does not appear to change during the course of season. Threshold levels need to be revised. We suggest a traffic light model for public pollen warnings directed to children, where green signifies “no problem”, yellow signifies “can be problems, especially if you are highly sensitive” and red signifies “alert – take action”.

2013-01-01

116

Work preferences, life values, and personal views of top math/science graduate students and the profoundly gifted: Developmental changes and gender differences during emerging adulthood and parenthood.  

PubMed

Work preferences, life values, and personal views of top math/science graduate students (275 men, 255 women) were assessed at ages 25 and 35 years. In Study 1, analyses of work preferences revealed developmental changes and gender differences in priorities: Some gender differences increased over time and increased more among parents than among childless participants, seemingly because the mothers' priorities changed. In Study 2, gender differences in the graduate students' life values and personal views at age 35 were compared with those of profoundly gifted participants (top 1 in 10,000, identified by age 13 and tracked for 20 years: 265 men, 84 women). Again, gender differences were larger among parents. Across both cohorts, men appeared to assume a more agentic, career-focused perspective than women did, placing more importance on creating high-impact products, receiving compensation, taking risks, and gaining recognition as the best in their fields. Women appeared to favor a more communal, holistic perspective, emphasizing community, family, friendships, and less time devoted to career. Gender differences in life priorities, which intensify during parenthood, anticipated differential male-female representation in high-level and time-intensive careers, even among talented men and women with similar profiles of abilities, vocational interests, and educational experiences. PMID:19686005

Ferriman, Kimberley; Lubinski, David; Benbow, Camilla P

2009-09-01

117

The diagnostic value of a single measurement of superior vena cava flow in the first 24 h of life in very preterm infants.  

PubMed

Low superior vena cava (SVC) flow has been associated with intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) in very preterm infants. We studied the diagnostic value of a single measurement of SVC flow within the first 24 h of life in very preterm infants and its association with occurrence or extension of IVH in a setting of limited availability of neonatal echocardiography. Preterm infants who were born at less than 30 weeks gestation and who had an echocardiogram within 24 h after birth were eligible. Baseline, clinical and ultrasound data were collected. A total of 165 preterm infants were included. Low SVC flow (<41 ml/kg/min) occurred in six infants and was associated with severe IVH and extension of IVH, although this was not significant after adjusting for confounders. The only independently associated variable with low SVC flow was admission temperature (odds ratio 0.27, p?=?0.001). A review of SVC flow values shows that these are higher now than initially reported. This study does not show an association of low SVC flow and severe IVH or extension of IVH after adjusting for confounders as a single measurement of SVC flow did not add any diagnostic value in this cohort. Thus, the exact role of SVC flow measurements in the circulatory assessment of preterm infants remains to be elucidated. However, admission temperature may have an effect on systemic blood flow in very preterm infants. PMID:22638864

Holberton, James R; Drew, Sandra M; Mori, Rintaro; König, Kai

2012-05-26

118

Relationships between Parents' and Children's Salient Values for Future and Children's Overall Life Satisfaction: A Comparison across Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper, a model is set forth relating (a) overall life satisfaction of children to children's values and (b) children's values to parents' values. Using confirmatory factor analysis models three dimensions of values (materialistic values, capacities and knowledge values and interpersonal relationship values) consistently emerged in 5…

Coenders, Germa; Casas, Ferran; Figuer, Cristina; Gonzalez, Monica

2005-01-01

119

Relationships between Parents' and Children's Salient Values for Future and Children's Overall Life Satisfaction: A Comparison across Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, a model is set forth relating (a) overall life satisfaction of children to children's values and (b) children's values to parents' values. Using confirmatory factor analysis models three dimensions of values (materialistic values, capacities and knowledge values and interpersonal relationship values) consistently emerged in 5…

Coenders, Germa; Casas, Ferran; Figuer, Cristina; Gonzalez, Monica

2005-01-01

120

What's a Life Worth? The Value Placed on Safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

This adicle examines the safety values of managers and their impact on safety in the workplace. A case study on the civil construction industry in Western Australia that was undertaken between 2005 and 2007 provides the materialfrom which this discussion is drawn. A safety values inventory (that was developed collaboratively with managers) identifies the importance placed on specific values according

Susanne Bahn; Llandis Barratt-Pugh

2009-01-01

121

The predictive value of post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms for quality of life: a longitudinal study of physically injured victims of non-domestic violence  

PubMed Central

Background Little is known about longitudinal associations between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and quality of life (QoL) after exposure to violence. The aims of the current study were to examine quality of life (QoL) and the predictive value of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) for QoL in victims of non-domestic violence over a period of 12 months. Methods A single-group (n = 70) longitudinal design with three repeated measures over a period of 12 months were used. Posttraumatic psychological symptoms were assessed by using the Impact of Event Scale, a 15-item self-rating questionnaire comprising two subscales (intrusion and avoidance) as a screening instrument for PTSD. The questionnaire WHOQOL-Bref was used to assess QoL. The WHOQOL-BREF instrument comprises 26 items, which measure the following broad domains: physical health, psychological health, social relationships, and environment. Results of the analysis were summarized by fitting Structural Equation Modelling (SEM). Results For each category of PTSD (probable cases, risk level cases and no cases), the mean levels of the WHOQOL-Bref subscales (the four domains and the two single items) were stable across time of assessment. Individuals who scored as probable PTSD or as risk level cases had significantly lower scores on the QoL domains such as physical health, psychological health, social relationships and environmental than those without PTSD symptoms. In addition, the two items examining perception of overall quality of life and perception of overall health in WHOQOL showed the same results according to PTSD symptoms such as QoL domains. PTSD symptoms predicted lower QoL at all three assessments. Similarly PTSD symptoms at T1 predicted lower QoL at T2 and PTSD symptoms at T2 predicted lower QoL at T3. Conclusion The presence of PTSD symptoms predicted lower QoL, both from an acute and prolonged perspective, in victims of non-domestic violence. Focusing on the individual's perception of his/her QoL in addition to the illness may increase the treatment priorities and efforts.

Johansen, Venke A; Wahl, Astrid K; Eilertsen, Dag Erik; Weisaeth, Lars; Hanestad, Berit R

2007-01-01

122

Do We Have A Moral Obligation to Synthesize Organisms to Increase Biodiversity? On Kinship, Awe, and the Value of Life's Diversity.  

PubMed

Synthetic biology can be understood as expanding the abilities and aspirations of genetic engineering. Nonetheless, whereas genetic engineering has been subject to criticism due to its endangering biodiversity, synthetic biology may actually appear to prove advantageous for biodiversity. After all, one might claim, synthesizing novel forms of life increases the numbers of species present in nature and thus ought to be ethically recommended. Two perspectives on how to spell out the conception of intrinsic value of biodiversity are examined in order to assess this line of thought. At the cost of introducing two separate capacities of human knowledge acquisition, the 'admiration stance' turns out to reject outright the assumption of a synthetic species' intrinsic value and of an imperative to create novel species. The 'kinship stance' by contrast does ascribe value to both synthetic and natural species and organisms. Nonetheless, while from this perspective creating novel species may become an ethical demand under certain conditions, it favours changing organisms by getting in contact with them rather than synthesizing them. It is concluded that neither the admiration nor the kinship stance warrants a supposed general moral obligation to create novel species to increase biodiversity. PMID:24010852

Boldt, Joachim

2013-10-01

123

Middle School Students' Perceptions of the Instructional Value of Analogies, Summaries and Answering Questions in Life Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Meaningful learning is the fundamental process that underlies the acquisition of useful information and the construction of new knowledge. By creating meaningful relations, learners are able to organize the information in bigger and more organized chunks of information; an organization that reduces memory overload and increases processing…

BouJaoude, Saouma; Tamim, Rana

2008-01-01

124

THE NUTRITIONAL VALUE OF A SYNTHETIC DIET STERILIZED BY GAMMA RAYS, AS MEASURED BY REPRODUCTION AND LIFE SPAN OF RATS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Officeof the Surgeon General of U. S. Army has carried out an investigation to determine the nutritional properties of foods which have been sterilized by gamma radiation from fis sion products. This laboratory has participated in this over all program on radiation preservation of foods since Septem ber 1954. One study in the program was to determine the nutritional

LUTHER R. RICHARDSOX; ANDRUTH BROCK

125

Value of Travel Time.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Record includes 6 papers covering important areas of travel time value analysis, such as travel time value theory, conceptual problems in travel time value, methods of deriving travel time values, review of empirical travel time value studies, applica...

R. Gronau

1976-01-01

126

The assessment of health-related quality of life in relation to the body mass index value in the urban population of Belgrade  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The association between excess body weight, impairment of health and different co-morbidities is well recognized; however, little is known on how excess body weight may affect the quality of life in the general population. Our study investigates the relationship between perceived health-related quality of life (HRQL) and body mass index (BMI) in the urban population of Belgrade. METHODS: The

Nadja Vasiljevic; Sonja Ralevic; Jelena Marinkovic; Nikola Kocev; Milos Maksimovic; Gorica Sbutega Milosevic; Jelena Tomic

2008-01-01

127

Cultural revitalisation : The importance of acknowledging the values of an organization's “golden era” when promoting work-life balance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to challenge the notion that culture change programmes will inevitably gain support from employees by exploring ways in which policy implementation is affected by and provokes shifts in organizational cultures. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Case studies investigated aspects of cultural change post-implementation of family-friendly policies. A grounded theory approach was adopted in the collection

Samantha J. Callan

2008-01-01

128

On the Truly Noncooperative Game of Island Life: Introducing a Unified Theory of Value & Evolutionarily Stable Island Economic Development Strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This discourse offers a solution to The Problem of Sustainable Economic Development on islands. This hypothesis offers a foundational, sub-game solution to The Island Survival Game, a counterintuitive, dominant economic development strategy for ‘islands’ (and relatively insular states). This discourse also tables conceptual building blocks, prerequisite analytical tools, and a guiding principle for The Earth Island Survival Game, a bounded

Matt Funk

2009-01-01

129

76 FR 49569 - Use of Actuarial Tables in Valuing Annuities, Interests for Life or Terms of Years, and Remainder...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...through use of the following formula: [GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR10AU11.000 Where...16,039.00, computed as follows: [GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TR10AU11.001 (6...d)(1), (d)(2), (d)(3), (d)(4), (d)(5), (d)(7),...

2011-08-10

130

Use of life table statistics and degree-day values to predict the invasion success of Gonatocerus ashmeadi (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae) an egg parasitoid of Homalodisca coagulata  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Life table statistics and degree-day requirements for Gonatocerus ashmeadi Girault, a parasitoid of the glassy-winged sharpshooter Homalodisca coagulata (Say), were used to estimate the number of expected parasitoid generations in California (USA). Between two to 51 and one to 37 generations per year were estimated across different climatic regions in California, using life table and degree- day models, respectively.

Leigh J. Pilkington; Mark S. Hoddle

131

Value orientations and action conflicts in students’ everyday life: An interview study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The assumption that today’s German students are able to successfully combine synthesis achievement values and well-being values\\u000a appears to be overly optimistic when regarded from the perspective of motivational psychology. The results of a qualitative-quantitative\\u000a interview study with 25 students indicate that achievement and well-being values may come into conflict in everyday life.\\u000a Incentives for achievement and well-being rarely co-occur

Sebastian Schmid; Manfred Hofer; Franziska Dietz; Heinz Reinders; Stefan Fries

2005-01-01

132

Universal values of Canadian astronauts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Values are desirable, trans-situational goals, varying in importance, that guide behavior. Research has demonstrated that universal values may alter in importance as a result of major life events. The present study examines the effect of spaceflight and the demands of astronauts' job position as life circumstances that affect value priorities. We employed thematic content analysis for references to Schwartz's well-established value markers in narratives (media interviews, journals, and pre-flight interviews) of seven Canadian astronauts and compared the results to the values of National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and Russian Space Agency (RKA) astronauts. Space flight did alter the level of importance of Canadian astronauts' values. We found a U-shaped pattern for the values of Achievement and Tradition before, during, and after flight, and a linear decrease in the value of Stimulation. The most frequently mentioned values were Achievement, Universalism, Security, and Self-Direction. Achievement and Self Direction are also within the top 4 values of all other astronauts; however, Universalism was significantly higher among the Canadian astronauts. Within the value hierarchy of Canadian astronauts, Security was the third most frequently mentioned value, while it is in seventh place for all other astronauts. Interestingly, the most often mentioned value marker (sub-category) in this category was Patriotism. The findings have important implications in understanding multi-national crew relations during training, flight, and reintegration into society.

Brcic, Jelena; Della-Rossa, Irina

2012-11-01

133

The Boat People and Achievement in America. A Study of Family Life, Hard Work, and Cultural Values.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A longitudinal study of the economic self-sufficiency and academic achievement of Indochinese refugees, commonly known as "Boat People," concludes that cultural background and family influence play key roles in achievement in American society. Statistical data were drawn from two surveys of 6,775 individuals in 1,384 Chinese, Laotian, and…

Caplan, Nathan; And Others

134

Predictive value of dental readiness and psychological dimensions for oral health-related quality of life in Croatian soldiers: a cross-sectional study  

PubMed Central

Aim To determine the predictive value of dental readiness and psychological dimensions for oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in Croatian soldiers. Methods The sample consisted of 402 consecutive soldiers aged 21 to 54 years classified into the following groups according to dental readiness: Class 1 – not requiring dental treatment (N?=?54), Class 2 – unlikely to need emergency treatment within 12 months (N?=?205), and Class 3 – very likely to need treatment within 12 months (N?=?143). OHRQoL was assessed by the Oral Health Impact Profile and psychological dimensions by the Brief Symptom Inventory and Dental Anxiety Scale. Results Multivariate analysis showed that Class 3 soldiers had higher frequency of psychological discomfort, psychological disability, and physical pain and handicap than Class 1 soldiers (P?=?0.019). Multiple linear regression showed that longer military experience, higher level of dental anxiety, and dental unreadiness were significant predictors of lower OHRQoL (P?of the single psychological symptomatic dimensions was a significant predictor of OHRQoL. Conclusion Although this study found a moderate association between OHRQoL and clinical, military, demographic, and psychological variables, the significant predictors could be used as a basis for further research of clinical and psychosocial factors of OHRQoL.

Spalj, Stjepan; Peric, Davorka; Mlacovic Zrinski, Magda; Bulj, Martina; Plancak, Darije

2012-01-01

135

Natural variability in  18O values of otoliths of young Pacific sardine captured in Mexican waters indicates subpopulation mixing within the first year of life  

Microsoft Academic Search

prevalence of subpopulation-level mixing processes. We tested the null hypothesis of local residence by comparing d18Ooto values with predicted isotopic values on a location-specific basis, and age- and location-specific average sea surface temperatures (SSTs) with derived Toto. Some fish exhibited values outside the local range of predicted oxygen isotope values and SSTs, suggesting that they were not permanent residents. Using

Sonia R. Valle; Sharon Z. Herzka

2008-01-01

136

Use of life table statistics and degree-day values to predict the invasion success of Gonatocerus ashmeadi (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae), an egg parasitoid of Homalodisca coagulata (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae), in California  

Microsoft Academic Search

Life table statistics and degree-day requirements for Gonatocerus ashmeadi Girault, a parasitoid of the glassy-winged sharpshooter Homalodisca coagulata (Say), were used to estimate the number of expected parasitoid generations in California (USA). Between two to 51 and one to 37 generations per year were estimated across different climatic regions in California, using life table and degree-day models, respectively. Temperature-based values

Leigh J. Pilkington; Mark S. Hoddle

2006-01-01

137

Debating Propositions of Value.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Advances a rationale for debating propositions of value in interscholastic contests. Considers implications for burden of proof, presumption, and the location of issues in value propositions, and proposes a preliminary system for the analysis of value propositions. (JMF)|

Matlon, Ronald J.

1978-01-01

138

What drives the persistence of presenteeism as a managerial value in hotels?: Observations noted during an Irish work-life balance research project  

Microsoft Academic Search

A research project on work-life balance and Irish hotel managers by McLaughlin and Cullen (Managers and work-life balance: a case of Irish hospitality industry, Irish Management Institute, Dublin) noted high levels of presenteeism amongst focus group participants. This paper analyses the qualitative data obtained during this project with a view to identifying drivers of this finding and discusses possible consequences

John Cullen; Andrew McLaughlin

2006-01-01

139

Value priorities and their relations with quality of life in the Baby Boomer generation of Lithuanian nurses: a cross-sectional survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The understanding of the values of nurses is especially important, since nurses constitute 80% of workforce in the healthcare system in Lithuania. In addition to that, nursing is one of the major constituents of healthcare. The aim of this study was to determine what values predominate in the cohort of Baby Boomer nurses, and to evaluate the relation of

Aurelija Blazeviciene; Irayda Jakusovaite

2007-01-01

140

Life Roles, Values, and Careers. International Findings of the Work Importance Study. First Edition. The Jossey-Bass Social and Behavioral Science Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book answers fundamental questions about the nature of work in modern life based on the research from an innovative, cross-national project of the Work Importance Study (WIS). Part 1 presents the background for WIS. "Studies of the Meaning of Work" (Branimir Sverko, Vlasta Vizek-Vidovic) reviews the current state of understanding of the…

Super, Donald E., Ed.; And Others

141

FFT, Extreme Value Theory and Simulation to Model NonLife Insurance Claims Dependences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper shows an example of integrated use of three different approaches (Extreme Value Theory (EVT), two-dimensional Fast\\u000a Fourier Transform (FFT) and Monte Carlo simulation) to model non-life insurance company aggregate losses, taking into account\\u000a the need for Internal Risk Model development in the light of Solvency II European project. In particular EVT permits the definition\\u000a of the truncation point

Rocco Roberto Cerchiara

142

Precise half-life values for two-neutrino double-beta decay  

SciTech Connect

All existing positive results on two-neutrino double-beta decay in different nuclei were analyzed. Using the procedure recommended by the Particle Data Group, weighted average values for half-lives of {sup 48}Ca, {sup 76}Ge, {sup 82}Se, {sup 96}Zr, {sup 100}Mo, {sup 100}Mo-{sup 100}Ru (0{sub 1}{sup +}), {sup 116}Cd, {sup 130}Te, {sup 150}Nd, {sup 150}Nd-{sup 150}Sm (0{sub 1}{sup +}), and {sup 238}U were obtained. Existing geochemical data were analyzed, and recommended values for half-lives of {sup 128}Te, {sup 130}Te, and {sup 130}Ba are proposed. Given the measured half-life values, nuclear matrix elements were calculated. I recommend the use of these results as the most currently reliable values for the half-lives and nuclear matrix elements.

Barabash, A. S. [Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics, B. Cheremushkinskaya 25, RU-117218 Moscow (Russian Federation)

2010-03-15

143

Family Strengths and Adaptation to Army Life: A Focus of Variations in Family Values and Expectations Across Racial/Ethnic Groups and Rank.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is a summary and interpretation of data collected from military personnel, spouses, service providers and leaders. Interviews and surveys were conducted at two FORSCOM installations. The study examined family values and expectations. A model w...

G. L. Bowen B. J. Janofsky

1988-01-01

144

Generativity and Moral Development as Predictors of Value-Socialization Narratives for Young Persons Across the Adult Life Span: From Lessons Learned to Stories Shared  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little research so far has examined storytelling as a channel of value socialization. In the present study, 129 adults from 3 age groups (18–26, 28–50, 60–75) were asked to tell stories for adolescents about 2 of their past value-learning experiences. Generative concern (D. P. McAdams & E. de St. Aubin, 1992) and moral reasoning stage level were also assessed. Stronger

Michael W. Pratt; Joan E. Norris; Mary Louise Arnold; Rebecca Filyer

1999-01-01

145

Technological Forms of Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

E THINK so naturally in terms of the notion of 'forms of life', that it is difficult to obtain any distance on the notion. Ludwig Wittgen- stein made the concept of 'forms of life' rather common currency across a range of scholarly disciplines. Indeed, in academic talk and everyday talk we speak incessantly of life and forms of life. We

Scott Lash

2001-01-01

146

The Value of Fieldwork in Life and Environmental Sciences in the Context of Higher Education: A Case Study in Learning About Biodiversity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fieldwork is assumed by most practitioners to be an important if not essential component of a degree level education in the\\u000a environmental sciences. However, there is strong evidence that as a result of a wide range of pressures (academic, financial\\u000a and societal) fieldwork is in decline in the UK and elsewhere. In this paper we discuss the value of fieldwork

Graham W. Scott; Raymond Goulder; Phillip Wheeler; Lisa J. Scott; Michelle L. Tobin; Sara Marsham

2011-01-01

147

Service system fundamentals: Work system, value chain, and life cycle  

Microsoft Academic Search

Service systems produce all services of significance and scope, yet the concept of service system is not well articulated in the service literature. This paper presents three interrelated frameworks as a first cut at the fundamentals of service systems. These frameworks identify basic building blocks and organize important attributes and change processes that apply across all service systems. Although relevant

Steven Alter

2008-01-01

148

Health policy approaches to measuring and valuing human life: conceptual and ethical issues.  

PubMed

To achieve more cost-effective and equitable use of health resources, improved methods for defining disease burdens and for guiding resource allocations are needed by health care decision makers. Three approaches are discussed that use indicators that combine losses due to disability with losses due to premature mortality as a measure of disease burden. These indicators can also serve as outcome measures for health status in economic analyses. However, their use as tools for measuring and valuing human life raises important questions concerning the measurement of mortality and the multidimensions of morbidity; valuing of life, particularly regarding weighting productivity, dependency, age, and time-preference factors; and conflicts between equity and efficiency that arise in allocation decisions. Further refinement of these tools is needed to (1) incorporate national and local values into weighting; (2) elaborate methods for disaggregating calculations to assess local disease patterns and intervention packages; and (3) develop guidelines for estimating marginal effects and costs of interventions. Of utmost importance are methods that ensure equity while achieving reasonable efficiency. PMID:7573617

Morrow, R H; Bryant, J H

1995-10-01

149

Everyday Life and Legal Values: A Concept Paper  

Microsoft Academic Search

This “concept paper” emerged from a Law and Human Behavior (LHB) Workshop, that was called by the journal's Editor, Richard Wiener, and held at St. Louis University on March 19–21, 1999. This workshop, which brought together 22 scholars and researchers in legal psychology, was part of James Ogloff's Presidential Initiative Project for the American Psychology\\/Law Society, and was supported by

Norman J. Finkel; Solomon M. Fulero; Jeffrey J. Haugaard; Murray Levine; Mark A. Small

2001-01-01

150

Judgments of Relative Values  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three scales of statements were devised to test the capacity for judging relative values, namely, (1) Reasons for going to high school. (2) Reasons for saving money. (3) Reasons for reading good literature. School grades 6, 7 and 8 were tested with these scales. In grades 6 and 7 the capacity for judging relative values is represented by a coefficient

J. C. Chapman

1920-01-01

151

Time Value of Money  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This PowerPoint presentation from University of Tennessee's Suzan Murphy gives an excellent tutorial for the Time Value of Money, which is the concept that "money received sooner rather than later allows one to use the funds for investment or consumption purposes." The presentation focuses on methods of using a calculator (specifically Hewlett Packard 17B II calculator) to solve problems of Time Value. This easy-to-understand tutorial presents basic concepts, story problems, and solutions to the story problems.

152

Biological, Life Course, and Cross-Cultural Studies All point Toward the Value of Dimensional and Developmental Ratings in the Classification of Psychosis  

PubMed Central

The diagnostic criteria for schizophrenia in the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV1) are based on the premise that it is a discrete illness entity, in particular, distinct from the affective psychoses. This assumption has persisted for more than a century, even though patients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia show a wide diversity of symptoms and outcomes, and no biological or psychological feature has been found to be pathognomonic of the disorder. However, there has been sustained, and indeed growing, criticism of the concept. For example, writing about the diagnosis of schizophrenia more than a decade ago,2 one of Britain's most sophisticated nosological experts, Ian Brockington, enjoined “It is important to loosen the grip which the concept of ‘schizophrenia’ has on the minds of psychiatrists. Schizophrenia is an idea whose very essence is equivocal, a nosological category without natural boundaries, a barren hypothesis. Such a blurred concept is ‘not a valid object of scientific enquiry’.”3 Should Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition(DSM-V), persist with the neo-Kraepelinian concept of schizophrenia with all its defects, or should it deconstruct psychosis into its component dimensions? In this article, we will address the question by considering 2 main themes, firstly, the role of culture and ethnicity in the diagnosis of psychosis, and secondly, a life course approach to understanding psychosis. We will then discuss whether more progress would be achieved in DSM-V by abandoning the familiar categorical system and instead moving to a dimensional system which rates both developmental impairment and symptom factor scores. However, we will begin by briefly reviewing the recent history of the classification of the psychoses.

Dutta, Rina; Greene, Talya; Addington, Jean; McKenzie, Kwame; Phillips, Michael; Murray, Robin M.

2007-01-01

153

Exploring the relationship between students’ values and the values of postsecondary institutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little is known of how institutional and individual value systems are related among university undergraduates. With three different measures and samples of college students, perceptions of university mission and values (i.e., institutional values, creating pro-social climates, and developing a life-long commitment to values) loaded independently of their personal values systems, and often negatively with social desirability. Perceptions of institutional values

Joseph R. Ferrari; Monica Kapoor; Shaun Cowman

2005-01-01

154

Expected value information improves financial risk taking across the adult life span  

PubMed Central

When making decisions, individuals must often compensate for cognitive limitations, particularly in the face of advanced age. Recent findings suggest that age-related variability in striatal activity may increase financial risk-taking mistakes in older adults. In two studies, we sought to further characterize neural contributions to optimal financial risk taking and to determine whether decision aids could improve financial risk taking. In Study 1, neuroimaging analyses revealed that individuals whose mesolimbic activation correlated with the expected value estimates of a rational actor made more optimal financial decisions. In Study 2, presentation of expected value information improved decision making in both younger and older adults, but the addition of a distracting secondary task had little impact on decision quality. Remarkably, provision of expected value information improved the performance of older adults to match that of younger adults at baseline. These findings are consistent with the notion that mesolimbic circuits play a critical role in optimal choice, and imply that providing simplified information about expected value may improve financial risk taking across the adult life span.

Wagner, Anthony D.; Knutson, Brian

2011-01-01

155

Half Life of 127Te  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work, the half life of the beta-unstable nucleus 127Te was studied using neutron-irradiated samples of 126Te. The gamma activity of each of the irradiated samples was followed for 3-5 consecutive half lives. The results were analysed in two different ways, and the resulting half-life was 9.295(5)h, which is compatible with the tabulated value of 9.35(7)h, with much lower uncertainty.

Batista, Wagner F.; Genezini, Frederico A.; Zamboni, Cibele B.; Zahn, Guilherme S.

2009-06-01

156

Prognostic value and quality of life in patients with normal rest thallium-201\\/stress technetium 99m-tetrofosmin dual-isotope myocardial SPECT  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  The prognostic value of normal dual-isotope single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), with technetium 99m-tetrofosmin\\u000a for the stress images, is not well known. Furthermore, thallium-201 cross talk in the Tc-99m window may reduce the defect\\u000a severity of the Tc-99m images.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods and Results  In a consecutive series of 610 patients, 246 patients with normal rest and stress SPECT images by means

Reginald G. E. J. Groutars; J. Fred Verzijlbergen; Alinda J. Muller; Carl A. P. L. Ascoop; Monique M. C. Tiel-van Buul; Aeilco H. Zwinderman; Norbert M. van Hemel; Ernst E. van der Wall

2000-01-01

157

What makes a life event traumatic for a child? The predictive values of DSM-Criteria A1 and A2  

PubMed Central

Background The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)-Criteria A1 and A2 for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been discussed extensively, with several studies in adults or adolescents supporting the removal of Criterion A2. However, solid research in children is missing. Objective This study evaluated the DSM-Criteria A1 and A2 in predicting posttraumatic stress in children. Method A sample of 588 Dutch school children, aged 8–18 years, completed a self-report questionnaire to determine if they met Criteria A1 and/or A2. Their posttraumatic stress response was assessed using the Children's Revised Impact of Event Scale. Results The contribution of Criterion A2 to the prediction of posttraumatic stress in children is of greater importance than the contribution of Criterion A1. Children who met Criterion A2 reported significantly higher levels of posttraumatic stress and were nine times more likely to develop probable PTSD than children who did not meet Criterion A2. When Criterion A1 was met, a child was only two times more likely to develop probable PTSD as compared with those where Criterion A1 was not met. Furthermore, the low sensitivity of Criterion A1 suggests that children may regularly develop severe posttraumatic stress in the absence of Criterion A1. The remarkably high negative predictive value of Criterion A2 indicates that if a child does not have a subjective reaction during an event that it is unlikely that he or she will develop PTSD. Conclusions In contrast to most adult studies, the findings of this study emphasize the significant contribution of Criterion A2 to the prediction of posttraumatic stress in children and raise fundamental questions about the value of the current Criterion A1.

Verlinden, Eva; Schippers, Mirjam; Van Meijel, Els P. M.; Beer, Renee; Opmeer, Brent C.; Olff, Miranda; Boer, Frits; Lindauer, Ramon J. L.

2013-01-01

158

The Value of Health and Longevity  

Microsoft Academic Search

We develop a framework for valuing improvements in health and apply it to past and prospective reductions in mortality in the United States. We calculate social values of (i) increased longevity over the twentieth century, (ii) progress against various diseases after 1970, and (iii) potential future progress against major diseases. Cumulative gains in life expectancy after 1900 were worth over

Kevin M. Murphy; Robert H. Topel

2006-01-01

159

Dimension of valued relations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The classical notion of dimension of a partial order can be extended to the valued setting, as was indicated in a particular case by Ovchinnikov (1984) (Ovchinnikov, S.V., 1984. Representations of transitive fuzzy relations. In: Skala, H.J., Termini, S., Trillas, E. (Eds.), Aspects of vagueness. Reidel, Boston, pp. 105–118). Relying on Valverde's result (1985) (Valverde, L., 1985. On the structure

Jean-Paul Doignon; Jutta Mitas

2000-01-01

160

Creating Value with Long Term R&D: The life science industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Agilent Laboratories looks to the future to identify, invest and enable technologies and applications that will nurture the world’s people, environment and economies, and help ensure Agilent’s continuing leadership. Following a brief introduction to Agilent Technologies and Agilent Laboratories, Solomon will discuss how innovation and long-term R&D are transcending traditional boundaries. Focusing on the life sciences industry, she will discuss current trends in R&D and the importance of measurement in advancing the industry. She will describe some of the challenges that are disrupting the pharmaceutical industry where significant and sustained investment in R&D has not translated into large numbers of block-buster therapeutics. Much of this gap results from the profound complexity of biological systems. New discoveries quickly generate new questions, which in turn drive more research and necessitate new business models. Solomon will highlight examples of Agilent’s long-range R&D in life sciences, emphasizing the importance of physics. She’ll conclude with the importance of creating sustainable value with R&D.

Soloman, Darlene J. S.

2008-03-01

161

Systems of Work-Life Balance: Private And Public Investments  

Microsoft Academic Search

We provide a retrospective of how the degree of values congruence between life domains affects women's career advancement. Values issues include the intensity with which the values are held relative to other values, how crystallized those values are across life domains, and the depth and breadth of the pivotal space created by values components. The broader the pivotal space (many

Faye L. Smith; Judi McLean Parks

162

The Quality of Life in South Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The AsiaBarometer survey of 1,023 respondents shows Life in Korea is highly modernized and digitalized without being much globalized. Despite the modernization and digitalization of their lifestyles, ordinary citizens still prioritize materialistic values more than post-materialistic values, and they remain least satisfied in the material life

Park, Chong-Min

2009-01-01

163

The Quality of Life in South Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The AsiaBarometer survey of 1,023 respondents shows Life in Korea is highly modernized and digitalized without being much globalized. Despite the modernization and digitalization of their lifestyles, ordinary citizens still prioritize materialistic values more than post-materialistic values, and they remain least satisfied in the material life

Park, Chong-Min

2009-01-01

164

The Value of Non-Work Time in Cross-National Quality of Life Comparisons: The Case of the United States vs. the Netherlands  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Comparisons of wellbeing between the United States and Western Europe generally show that most Americans have higher standards of living than do Western Europeans at comparable locations in their national income distributions. These comparisons of wellbeing typically privilege disposable income and cash transfers while ignoring other aspects of

Verbakel, Ellen; DiPrete, Thomas A.

2008-01-01

165

Acculturation of Greek Family Values  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article brings together two areas of current interest in cross-cultural psychology: acculturation and values. Specifically, to what extent do the values held by individuals change as they undergo the experience of acculturation? The cross-cultural study of values frequently examines a broad array of values, but the present study focuses on Greek family values because family is a central cultural

James Georgas; John W. Berry; Alex Shaw; Sophia Christakopoulou; Kostas Mylonas

1996-01-01

166

The Life of Suggestions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using the notion of a suggestion, or rather charting the life of suggestions, this article considers the happenings of chance and embodiment as the "problems that got away." The life of suggestions helps us to ask how connectivities are made, how desire functions, and how "immanence" rather than "transcendence" can open up the politics and ethics…

Pearce, Cathie

2010-01-01

167

Fingerprints of Life?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pioneered by NASA-JSC scientists, Marilyn Lindstorm and Jaclyn Allen, the partnering of teachers with scientists has ventured into the realms of the extreme... extreme life, that is. In 1998, two years after the announcement that possible evidence of life had been discovered within a Martian rock, teachers from region served by JSC were brought together with the Mars Meteorite research

Cheryl Pittman

2002-01-01

168

The value of GOLD  

Microsoft Academic Search

You worked hard the past few years and finally graduated. You landed a job and picked out where you are going to live. Everything has been planned out and what you've missed you'll figure out after you have moved. If you're like me when I graduated, then you'll likely be surprised at how your life is about to change. Graduation

Uri Moszkowicz

2009-01-01

169

Origin of Life  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The evolution of life has been a big enigma despite rapid advancements in the field of astrobiology, microbiology and genetics in recent years. The answer to this puzzle is as mindboggling as the riddle relating to evolution of the universe itself. Despite the fact that panspermia has gained considerable support as a viable explanation for origin of life on the earth and elsewhere in the universe, the issue, however, remains far from a tangible solution. This paper examines the various prevailing hypotheses regarding origin of life-like abiogenesis, RNA world, iron-sulphur world and panspermia, and concludes that delivery of life-bearing organic molecules by the comets in the early epoch of the earth alone possibly was not responsible for kick-starting the process of evolution of life on our planet.

Lal, Ashwini Kumar

2008-10-01

170

Value Encounters - Modeling and Analyzing Co-creation of Value  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent marketing and management literature has introduced the concept of co-creation of value. Current value modeling approaches such as e3-value focus on the exchange of value rather than co-creation. In this paper, an extension to e3-value is proposed in the form of a “value encounter”. Value encounters are defined as interaction spaces where a group of actors meet and derive value by each one bringing in some of its own resources. They can be analyzed from multiple strategic perspectives, including knowledge management, social network management and operational management. Value encounter modeling can be instrumental in the context of service analysis and design.

Weigand, Hans

171

‘Key to a good life’ or just a bad investment? How do carers of children view and value education in the context of high HIV and AIDS?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the face of a generalized Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Virus (AIDS) epidemic in Southern Africa, children's education is viewed increasingly as a key area of concern as well as a potential opportunity for HIV intervention. However, the relationship between HIV and AIDS and education is a complex one, as the epidemic may influence educational indicators

Marisa Casale; Scott Drimie

2010-01-01

172

The shifting values of authenticity and fakes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present article discusses the shifting values of authenticity and fakes. Using a biographical approach and the notion of things' social life it examines an Egyptianised relief which according to the author is probably the work of the 'Master of Berlin', Oxan Aslanian, and investigates the wider context in which the object was conceived. The period under consideration is from

S.-A. Naguib

173

Creating Work-Life Balance: A Model of Pluralism across Life Domains  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article develops a theoretical framework that explains how life complexity and dynamism affect work-life balance. The authors explain the moderating effects of munificence and accessibility of resources in one’s life as well as the personality differences and individual value systems on the relationship between life complexity\\/dynamism and work-life balance. The analysis leads to implications for future research and practice.

Karen J. Crooker; Faye L. Smith; Filiz Tabak

2002-01-01

174

The Financial Value of a Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Five years have passed since the U.S. Census Bureau published synthetic estimates of work-life earnings by educational attainment. This paper updates those figures with the most recent data from the U.S. Census Bureau's annual Current Population Surveys, and adds net present value analysis of the financial benefit of a college degree to the…

Kantrowitz, Mark

2007-01-01

175

[Conditional reimbursement: A tool to reduce uncertainty relating the value of medicines and reinforce their continuous evaluation in real-life].  

PubMed

In order to alleviate the inherent uncertainty that comes with the market access and public funding of new health products, a conditional reimbursement mechanism is proposed. The latter is circumscribed by recommendations regarding its implementation in limited cases in order to allow for a fair access of patients to therapeutic innovations, within economic conditions both optimum and reviewable. PMID:24075702

Bail, J-N

2013-09-04

176

Life Cycle of Stars  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson plan is part of the Center for Educational Resources (CERES), a series of web-based astronomy lessons created by a team of master teachers, university faculty, and NASA researchers. In this lesson, students analyze characteristics that indicate human life cycles, then apply these principles to various NASA images of stars to synthesize patterns of stellar life cycles. This lesson contains expected outcomes for students, materials, background information, follow-up questions, and assessment procedures.

Tuthill, George; Obbink, Kim

177

The moral status of extraterrestrial life.  

PubMed

If we eventually discover extraterrestrial life, do we have any moral obligations for how to treat the life-forms we find; does it matter whether they are intelligent, sentient, or just microbial-and does it matter that they are extraterrestrial? In this paper, I examine these questions by looking at two of the basic questions in moral philosophy: What does it take to be a moral object? and What has value of what kind? I will start with the first of these questions by looking at the most important attempts to answer this question on our own planet and by asking whether and how they could be applied to extraterrestrial life. The results range from a very strong protection of all extraterrestrial life and all extraterrestrial environments, whether inhabited or not, to total exclusion of extraterrestrial life. Subsequently, I also examine whether extraterrestrial life that lacks moral status can have value to human or alien life with moral status, and if that could generate any obligations for how to treat extraterrestrial life. Based on this analysis, I conclude that extraterrestrial life-forms can have both instrumental value and end value to moral objects, which has strong implications for how to treat them. PMID:23013271

Persson, Erik

2012-09-26

178

In Defense of Values Clarification.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this position paper, the authors respond to the frequent criticisms and charges that values clarification is value free, relativistic, superficial, and without a cogent theoretical or research base. The authors first examine values clarification as theory. As originally developed by Raths, values education is a theory based on the thinking of

Kirschenbaum, Howard; And Others

179

Slice of Life.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the Slice of Life program, which is based on the concept that career education is a lifelong process beginning in the early years. It is a vocational development program that highlights awareness, assessment, training, and placement. (JOW)|

Makowski, Teen Fredell

1982-01-01

180

Quality of life: Its definition and measurement  

Microsoft Academic Search

A model of quality of life is proposed that integrates objective and subjective indicators, a broad range of life domains, and individual values. It takes account of concerns that externally derived norms should not be applied without reference to individual differences. It also allows for objective comparisons to be made between the situations of particular groups and what is normative.

David Felce; Jonathan Perry

1995-01-01

181

End of Life Decisions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although end-of-life decision making is critical for good oncology care, physicians often do not initiate discussions until\\u000a the last days of life and do not use good communication skills and evidence-based techniques. Research on deficits in decision\\u000a making has found that patients often misunderstand information the first time it is provided or may not be ready to hear bad\\u000a news,

Sydney Morss Dy

182

Value Orientations and Action Conflicts in Students' Everyday Life: An Interview Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The assumption that today's German students are able to successfully combine synthesis achievement values and well-being values appears to be overly optimistic when regarded from the perspective of motivational psychology. The results of a qualitative-quantitative interview study with 25 students indicate that achievement and well-being values

Schmid, Sebastian; Hofer, Manfred; Dietz, Franziska; Reinders, Heinz; Fries, Stefan

2005-01-01

183

The Quality of Life in South Korea  

Microsoft Academic Search

The AsiaBarometer survey of 1,023 respondents shows Life in Korea is highly modernized and digitalized without being much\\u000a globalized. Despite the modernization and digitalization of their lifestyles, ordinary citizens still prioritize materialistic\\u000a values more than post-materialistic values, and they remain least satisfied in the material life sphere. A multivariate analysis\\u000a of the Korean survey reveals that their positive assessments of

Chong-Min Park

2009-01-01

184

Prediction of Solder Joint Fatigue Life.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study details the procedures used to predict the solder joint life from calculations of the joint strains and low-cycle fatigue data. The fatigue life of chip carrier/printed wiring board joints are predicted and compared to measured values. This pre...

D. G. Thompson H. D. Solomon V. Brzozowski

1988-01-01

185

Life philosophy and Life style  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two categories of values are distinguished by their psychological functions. Life philosophy values secure a person's sense of personal identity; they are held regardless of what anyone else thinks of his value choice. Life style values secure a person's sense of social identity; they are held precisely because of what others think of his value choice. People sometimes run together

Howard Kamler

1984-01-01

186

How to Assess the Value of Medicines?  

PubMed Central

This study aims to discuss approaches to assessing the value of medicines. Economic evaluation assesses value by means of the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER). Health is maximized by selecting medicines with increasing ICERs until the budget is exhausted. The budget size determines the value of the threshold ICER and vice versa. Alternatively, the threshold value can be inferred from pricing/reimbursement decisions, although such values vary between countries. Threshold values derived from the value-of-life literature depend on the technique used. The World Health Organization has proposed a threshold value tied to the national GDP. As decision makers may wish to consider multiple criteria, variable threshold values and weighted ICERs have been suggested. Other approaches (i.e., replacement approach, program budgeting and marginal analysis) have focused on improving resource allocation, rather than maximizing health subject to a budget constraint. Alternatively, the generalized optimization framework and multi-criteria decision analysis make it possible to consider other criteria in addition to value.

Simoens, Steven

2010-01-01

187

Perceptions of Value and Value Beyond Perceptions: Measuring the Quality and Value of Journal Article Readings  

Microsoft Academic Search

When measuring quality and value of journals, what is being measured, to whom does the value accrue, and why the measurement is being done must be considered. Both implicit and explicit measures of quality and value are possible. Preliminary results of ongoing readership research show that academic library e-journal collections have both purchase and use value to academic faculty. They

Carol Tenopir; Donald W. King

2007-01-01

188

Capacity Value of Solar Power  

SciTech Connect

Evaluating the capacity value of renewable energy sources can pose significant challenges due to their variable and uncertain nature. In this paper the capacity value of solar power is investigated. Solar capacity value metrics and their associated calculation methodologies are reviewed and several solar capacity studies are summarized. The differences between wind and solar power are examined, the economic importance of solar capacity value is discussed and other assessments and recommendations are presented.

Duignan, Roisin; Dent, Chris; Mills, Andrew; Samaan, Nader A.; Milligan, Michael; Keane, Andrew; O'Malley, Mark

2012-11-10

189

The Resurrection of Life  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The question of life was progressively put aside in the second half of the 20th century with the rise of molecular biology, but has recently re-emerged. Many scientists and philosophers consider that there is no place for this question within biology; that the distinction between living and non-living is arbitrary; and that progress in synthetic biology will finally put this question out of people’s minds. I will argue that there is something wrong with the arguments supporting these statements. There are no reasons to exclude the question “What is life?” from biology. But the nature of the question has dramatically changed recently. Instead of being a search for the principles of life, the answer is now sought in the description of the historical process that has coupled the now well-established characteristics of organisms.

Morange, Michel

2010-04-01

190

Habitats of Life  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There are four principal habitats in which life may exist - the surface of a planetary body, its subsurface, its atmosphere and space. From our own experience we know that life does exist on the surface of a planet, in its subsurface, and transiently at least in the atmosphere. Where it is present, it exists in a surprising diversity and in a variety of microhabitats, from deep caverns (Hose et al. 2000, Melim et al. 2001) to hydrothermal fluids and hot springs of various chemistries (Jannasch 1995, Rzonca and Schulze-Makuch 2002), to the frozen deserts of Antarctica (Friedmann 1982, Sun and Friedmann 1999). In this chapter we will elaborate on the principal habitats, the constraints they impose on life, and the possibilities they provide.

Dirk, Schulze-Makuch; Irwin, Louis N.

191

The Value of Dissent  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay reviews Dissent, Injustice, and the Meanings of America by Steven H. Shiffrin (1999).\\u000aTheorizing about the freedom of speech has been a central enterprise of contemporary legal scholarship. The important contributions to the debate are simply far too numerous to categorize. One ambition of this theorizing is the production of a comprehensive theory of the freedom of expression,

Lawrence B. Solum

2000-01-01

192

What is life made of?  

Microsoft Academic Search

As we begin to understand the origin and evolution of terrestrial life and investigate the possibility of extraterrestrial life, the need to scientifically approach fundamental questions such as 'What is life?' increases. In beginning to answer such questions we can look at the ingredients of terrestrial life. Here we present an overview of our understanding of the composition of terrestrial

A. Chopra

2009-01-01

193

The Value of Quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Product quality is probably undervalued by firms because there is little consensus about appropriate measures and methods to research quality. We suggest that published ratings of a product's quality are a valid source of quality information with important strategic and financial impact. We test this thesis by an event analysis of abnormal returns to stock prices of firms whose new

Gerard J. Tellis; Joseph Johnson

2007-01-01

194

"Desires" Clarified, Much of "Value": A Plea for Values Clarification.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents a new perspective from which to reassess the values clarification approach to moral education. In doing so, it locates values clarification within a long and rich tradition of ethical and educational theory. Contends that values clarification does not hold arbitrary or mistaken conceptions of "morality" and education, but merely…

Prakash, Madhu Suri

1988-01-01

195

The Value of Conservation  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of growing public debate on sustainability in New Zealand, the Department of Conservation commissioned studies in 2004-2006 on the regional economic impacts of selected activities and ecosystem services on public conservation land. In particular, claims had been made that public conservation land is a \\

Harry Broad; Geoff Butcher; John Waugh; Bernie Napp

2007-01-01

196

The Value of Cocurriculars  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Most educators support the popular theory that cocurricular activities benefit participants in a number of ways, such as reducing drug and alcohol abuse and crime; raising grades; and improving students' prospects of attending college, finding jobs, and becoming responsible citizens. A multitude of studies shows that students who participate in…

Paterson, Jim

2012-01-01

197

[Nutritional value of beef].  

PubMed

Beef has specific nutritional qualities relative to other meats. In humans, a balanced diet, based on a ten-day period, requires intake of several nutrient classes, including iron (in the form of heme, for its high bioavailability), zinc and selenium, vitamin B12, B vitamins (especially B2 (PP) and B6), and biologically useful proteins. The lipid profile of beef depends largely on the cut. It is also influenced by the fatty acid profile of the animalfeed, andby the race andage of the animal. Adequate meat intake is recommended for all individuals, and especially those most at risk of malnutrition, such as adolescents, women of childbearing age, pregnant women, the elderly, and those individuals with a high level sports activity. PMID:22844741

Bourre, Jean-Marie

2011-11-01

198

Decision making concerning life-sustaining treatment in paediatric nephrology: professionals' experiences and values  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. In a previous article, we studied decisions to withhold or withdraw life-sustaining treatment (LST) taken between 1995 and 2001 in 31 French- speaking paediatric nephrology centres. Files were available for 18 of the 31 centres. A grid was used to analyse the criteria on which decisions were based, and the results were enriched by an analysis of interviews with

Isabelle Fauriel; Gregoire Moutel; Nathalie Duchange; Luc Montuclard; Marie-Laure Moutard; Pierre Cochat; Christian Herve

2006-01-01

199

Geography of European Life Satisfaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The vast majority of studies analyze life satisfaction at individual and/or country level. This study contributes with analysis of life satisfaction at the (sub-national) province level across multiple countries. The purpose of this study is to call attention to spatial aspects of life satisfaction. Literature does not discuss the fact that life

Okulicz-Kozaryn, Adam

2011-01-01

200

The Business of Life.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a learning game called The Business of Life that demonstrates the cellular processes of photosynthesis and respiration as business transactions. Incorporates the ideas that energy flows through ecosystems as well as through cells of individual organisms. Demonstrates the interdependence of living things and that processes at the…

Dunski, Jonathan F.

1997-01-01

201

The Value of Wetlands  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This video segment adapted from Texas Parks and Wildlife Department explores the role of the wetlands in our environment, including providing habitats for wildlife, acting as natural water filters, and playing a part in the greater water cycle.

Foundation, Wgbh E.

2007-08-09

202

VALUE OF STUDENT PROJECTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper starts with a short description of a model for project based learning used at Tromsø University College. Students have 20% project work in the four first semesters, 10% in the fifth and 50% in the last sixth semester. The final year projects are performed externally in collaboration with local industry. The students get professional and realistic training and

Arne Gjengedal

203

The Value of Video  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Video connects sight and sound, creating a composite experience greater than either alone. More than any other single technology, video is the most powerful way to communicate with others--and an ideal medium for sharing with others the vital learning occurring in music classrooms. In this article, the author leads readers through the process of

Thompson, Douglas E.

2011-01-01

204

The Value of Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|How can a teacher carve out a deeper sense of community in an inexpensive way? Across the nation, many schools have managed to craft creative and inexpensive community-building projects. Perhaps the three projects featured here will spark some new ideas for your own school: (1) The Hunger Games Come to Texas; (2) Tough Mudders in Macungie; and…

Hynes, Warren

2013-01-01

205

Circle of Life Awards.  

PubMed

This years winners of the AHAs annual awards for outstanding end-of-life care learned from the past, building lean, flexible programs that can survive the roller-coaster of health care financing and that are adaptable by nearly any hospital with a minimal investment. PMID:16225320

Greene, Jan

2005-08-01

206

The Cycle of Life  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The growing of rapid cycling Brassica rapa, Rbr, through a life cycle from seed to seed can provide the basis for learning many aspects of biology that are relevant to the students understanding of themselves as individual organisms among themany others inhabiting the Earth.

Program, The W.

207

Game of Life Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The EJS Game of Life Model simulates a popular 2D cellular automata of a lattice in a finite state which is updated in accordance with a set of nearby-neighbor rules. The universe of the Game of Life, developed by John Conway, is a two-dimensional orthogonal grid of square cells, each of which is in one of two possible states, live or dead. Every cell interacts with its eight neighbors to determine if it will live or die (generally when there are too many live neighbors or not enough live neighbors) in the next time step. You can clear the lattice, design initial configurations (click on a cell to toggle between dead/live), and change the lattice size. Ejs Game of Life model was created using the Easy Java Simulations (Ejs) modeling tool. It is distributed as a ready-to-run (compiled) Java archive. Double clicking the ejs_ms_explicit_GameOfLife.jar file will run the program if Java is installed. Ejs is a part of the Open Source Physics Project and is designed to make it easier to access, modify, and generate computer models. Additional Ejs models are available. They can be found by searching ComPADRE for Open Source Physics, OSP, or Ejs.

Christian, Wolfgang

2009-01-15

208

Quality of Life Symposium.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Comments, speeches, and questions delivered at the Quality of Life Symposium are compiled in these proceedings. As an exploratory session, the conference objectives were to (1) become better informed about New Mexico--its resource base, the economy, social and cultural base, and the environment; and (2) to evaluate and discuss the role of New…

New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces. New Mexico Environmental Inst.

209

Service life of concrete  

Microsoft Academic Search

The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) has the responsibility for developing a strategy for the disposal of low-level radioactive waste (LLW). An approach being considered for their disposal is to place the waste forms in concrete vaults buried in the earth. A service life of 500 years is required for the concrete vaults as they may be left unattended for

J. R. Clifton; L. I. Knab

1989-01-01

210

What shapes an individual's work values? An integrated model of the relationship between work values, national culture and self-construal  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept of life values has become a central in studies of individual level motivations and behaviour, particularly in HRM and organisational behaviour. Among the various types of life values, work values (or goals) are often viewed as a central determinant of a wide range of an individual's work-related attitudes and behaviours. The importance of understanding work values is further

Peter Gahan; Lakmal Abeysekera

2009-01-01

211

Life extension of high temperature components  

SciTech Connect

Power producing plant operating at high temperature are designed for finite life. This is necessary because the operating conditions are sufficiently high to cause continuous growth of material damage. Failure occurs when damage reaches a critical value. Design is based on stress levels with an appropriate factor of safety. Since life is dependent on a strongly non-linear function of stress the actual life can be many times greater than the design life. In these circumstances it is then natural to explore the possibility of extending the working life. To increase the working life it is necessary to decrease the factor of safety, but it may be possible to follow this course of action provided the growth of physical damage is carefully monitored. In this paper creep damage mechanisms are reported and growth laws are proposed. 8 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.

Dyson, B.F. (National Physical Lab., Teddington (United Kingdom)); Leckie, F.A. (Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States))

1993-05-01

212

The Life of a Butterfly  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What are the butterfly's stages of life? 1. The Life of a Butterfly Organizer 2. The Monarch Butterfly 3. Voicethread on Monarch Butterfly life cycle 4. A video on how Monarch Butterflies flock together after migrating. 5. Another video on the life cycle of the Monarch Buttefly. 6. A fun game where you catch the butterfly! Now you should know the stages of life for the butterfly! Come see me for project instructions. Hope you enjoyed! ...

Greene, Logan

2011-04-06

213

Half-life, branching-ratio, and Q-value measurement for the superallowed 0{sup +}{yields}0{sup +}{beta}{sup +} emitter {sup 42}Ti  

SciTech Connect

The half-life, the branching ratio, and the decay Q value of the superallowed {beta} emitter {sup 42}Ti were measured in an experiment performed at the JYFLTRAP facility of the Accelerator Laboratory of the University of Jyvaeskylae. {sup 42}Ti is the heaviest T{sub z}=-1 nucleus for which high-precision measurements of these quantities have been tried. The half-life (T{sub 1/2}=208.14{+-}0.45 ms) and the Q value [Q{sub EC}=7016.83(25) keV] are close to or reach the required precision of about 0.1%. The branching ratio for the superallowed decay branch [BR=47.7(12)%], a by-product of the half-life measurement, does not reach the necessary precision yet. Nonetheless, these results allow one to determine the experimental ft value and the corrected Ft value to be 3114(79) and 3122(79) s, respectively.

Nieto, T. Kurtukian; Souin, J.; Audirac, L.; Blank, B.; Giovinazzo, J. [Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires de Bordeaux Gradignan-Universite Bordeaux 1-UMR 5797 CNRS/IN2P3, Chemin du Solarium, BP 120, F-33175 Gradignan (France); Eronen, T.; Aeystoe, J.; Elomaa, V.-V.; Hager, U.; Hakala, J.; Jokinen, A.; Kankainen, A.; Karvonen, P.; Kessler, T.; Moore, I. D.; Penttilae, H.; Rahaman, S.; Reponen, M.; Rissanen, J.; Saastamoinen, A. [Department of Physics, University of Jyvaeskylae, P. O. Box 35, FI-40014 Jyvaeskylae (Finland)] (and others)

2009-09-15

214

Substantial life extension and quality of life  

Microsoft Academic Search

Caloric restriction mimetics (CRMs) are emerging biotechnologies that promise to substantially enhance human lifespan. CRMs like resveratrol, metformin and rapamycin have been extensively tested in animals and have undergone clinical trials in humans, with positive indications for extended lifespan. This raises important questions for individuals and society: Is it really better to have a longer life? Would life-extending biotechnologies contribute

Christopher Wareham

2012-01-01

215

Value systems of transformational leaders  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study attempts to draw a value profile of a transformational leader – the leader who transforms people and organizations. It compares the terminal and instrumental value systems of leaders who are more transformational with those of leaders who are less transformational, using a sample of 95 pairs of leaders and subordinates of a non-profit organization in the United States.

Venkat R. Krishnan

2001-01-01

216

The Value of Healthy Estuaries  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Healthy estuaries are critical to humans and wildlife. They provide food, supporting both commercial and recreational fisheries, treat waste and runoff to maintain water quality, protect coastal areas from natural hazards, connect bodies of water for transportation and marine operations, and nurture a balance of the food web upon which all life depends.

Robert Christian (Thomas Harriot College of Arts and Sciences;)

2009-03-22

217

Predicting trait values and measuring selection in complex life histories: reproductive allocation decisions in Soay sheep.  

PubMed

Accurate prediction of life history phenomena and characterisation of selection in free-living animal populations are fundamental goals in evolutionary ecology. In density regulated, structured populations, where individual state influences fate, simple and widely used approaches based on individual lifetime measures of fitness are difficult to justify. We combine recently developed structured population modelling tools with ideas from modern evolutionary game theory (adaptive dynamics) to understand selection on allocation of female reproductive effort to singletons or twins in a size-structured population of feral sheep. In marked contrast to the classical selection analyses, our model-based approach predicts that the female allocation strategy is under negligible directional selection. These differences arise because classical selection analysis ignores components of offspring fitness and fails to consider selection over the complete life cycle. PMID:21790931

Childs, D Z; Coulson, T N; Pemberton, J M; Clutton-Brock, T H; Rees, M

2011-07-26

218

The Value of Useless Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

IT is rather surprising that Prof. Ayrton should indulge in covert sneers at Universities for devoting themselves to useless studies. It certainly ill becomes one whose life is bound up with electrical science, which is of such recent growth that nobody can pretend to forget how it owes its origin to those who studied it while useless. If Universities do

Geo. Fras. Fitzgerald

1892-01-01

219

Tissues of Life  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Web site from the Science Museum of Minnesota offers a fun and interactive way to learn about the structure and function of the body's tissues. While some activities provided are designed to complement an on-site visit to the Tissues of Life exhibit, the Web site also includes many stand-alone Web-based features. For example, with Explore Body Tissues, students can take a look at cross-sections of actual human bodies, browse through a gallery of scar photos (and perhaps add a photo of their own!), explore parts of the human body at 30X actual size, or play a game while learning about the different cells involved in wound healing. Tissues of Life does not include Web-based lesson plans, but this engaging Web site would be a great addition to related classroom activities for a range of grade levels.

220

The Value of Location Information  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The value attached to privacy has become a common notion in the press, featuring frequent stories of people selling sensitive personal information for a couple of dollars. Syverson argues [1] that we should incorporate the risk of data misuse into our reasoning about privacy valuations. Yet there are doubts as to whether people can, and do, value their privacy correctly and appropriately.

Cvrcek, Dan; Kumpost, Marek; Matyas, Vashek; Danezis, George

221

Asynchronous game of life  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper proposes the 8-state asynchronous equivalence of the well-known game of life (GL). Our cellular automaton, called asynchronous game of life, simulates exactly the behavior of the GL, such as universal computation and self-organization, no matter whether the update of cells is simultaneous or independent according to some updating scheme, like a step-driven or time-driven method [see BioSystems 51 (1999) 123]. We employ the updating scheme of Blok and Bergersen [Phys. Rev. E 59 (1999) 3876] such that at every time step each cell has a certain probability to be updated, and investigate the statistical properties of our model through power spectral analyses.

Lee, Jia; Adachi, Susumu; Peper, Ferdinand; Morita, Kenichi

2004-07-01

222

Rivers of Life  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Rivers of Life is a full model for contextual learning: a flood of projects, adventures, and resources to help K-12 teachers and students learn about and from their watershed. Using Rivers of Life, teachers utilize rivers and watersheds as an entry point to studies of the environment, and our relationship to Earth. This site offers two hands-on project-based learning programs: The Mississippi Adventure and The Watershed Atlas Project both designed to teach students about watersheds and their importance. Other activites center around themes such as energy in watersheds, flooding, and cultural views of rivers. There are many resources available for additional information and teacher guides to assist with using these activities and modules in the classroom. The projects take place during defined 10-week periods during the school year, and require registration for access to full materials.

223

The Tree of Life  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Tree of Life website introduces students to diagrams called cladograms, which show how species are related through a common ancestor. The site explains how to read a cladogram and how to understand the family tree for all species on Earth. An interactive cladogram explains what species have in common at a branch in the tree. There is also a pie diagram illustrating the relative amounts of species and separate sections for each group of species showing fast facts and photos.

224

[Qualities of life and happiness].  

PubMed

The phrase 'quality of life' is actually misleading. The designation suggests that the issue has to do with 1 quality, whereas in fact more qualities of life are indicated. Four of these qualities are: 1. the 'livability' of the surroundings, 2. the 'life-abilities' of the individual, 3. the 'utility of life' and 4. the subjective 'satisfaction' with a person's own life. The various qualities cannot meaningfully be collected together in an index. The most comprehensive measure of quality of life is how long and happily a person lives. The relationship between that and oral health has still hardly been studied. PMID:21491762

Veenhoven, R

2011-03-01

225

Bilastine and quality of life.  

PubMed

The evaluation of quality of life (QoL) and its modification through therapeutic interventions has become a prioritary concern in recent years and a requirement on the part of regulatory agencies for the authorization of new drugs. In clinical studies of allergic disorders, particularly allergic rhinitis and urticaria, different types of generic questionnaires have been used - especially disease specific instruments such as the Rhinoconjunctivitis Quality of Life Questionnaire (RQLQ) or skin disease specific tools such as the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI). Throughout its clinical development, bilastine has been shown to be more effective than placebo and at least as effective as cetirizine, levocetirizine, fexofenadine or desloratadine in controlling the symptoms of seasonal allergic rhinitis and chronic urticaria. QoL has been studied as a secondary objective in three allergic rhinitis clinical trials, using the RQLQ, in a total of 2335 patients. Likewise, in chronic urticaria, QoL has been evaluated using the DLQI in a total of 525 patients, versus levocetirizine and placebo. The improvement in the QoL parameters in these studies (RQLQ or DLQI domains) at all times proved proportional to the symptoms improvement. In general, the data obtained relating to changes in QoL are concordant with the mean global visual analog scale (VAS in mm) values and their changes, from the beginning until the end of the treatment period, for all of the trials, for bilastine and all its comparators. PMID:22185046

Jáuregui, I; Bartra, J; del Cuvillo, A; Dávila, I; Ferrer, M; Montoro, J; Mullol, J; Sastre, J; Valero, A

2011-01-01

226

Rethinking the value of families  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the growing philosophical literature on the family and its value, the parents’ fiduciary role often serves to explain why the family is valuable from a child-centred perspective. Recently it has been further argued that this fiduciary role also explains the distinctive value the family has for parents. By offering a critique of that argument, the paper advances an alternative

Yonathan Reshef

2012-01-01

227

The Four Qualities of Life: ordering concepts and measures of the good life  

Microsoft Academic Search

The terms 'quality-of-life', 'wellbeing' and 'happiness' denote different meanings; sometimes they are used as an umbrella term for all of value, and the other times to denote special merits. This paper is about the specific meanings of the terms. It proposes a classification based on two bi-partitions; between life 'chances' and life 'results', and between 'outer' and 'inner' qualities. Together

R. Veenhoven

2000-01-01

228

Values Added: Some Sociological Interpretations of Values Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines current British concerns about the need for values education from the perspective of postmodern social theorists. Argues that, viewed sociologically, the current approach to values education is broadly functionalist (and conservative), for it fails to come to terms with the deep structure of contemporary society, specifically consumerism…

Hartley, David

1997-01-01

229

Half Life of {sup 127}Te  

SciTech Connect

In this work, the half life of the beta-unstable nucleus {sup 127}Te was studied using neutron-irradiated samples of {sup 126}Te. The gamma activity of each of the irradiated samples was followed for 3-5 consecutive half lives. The results were analysed in two different ways, and the resulting half-life was 9.295(5)h, which is compatible with the tabulated value of 9.35(7)h, with much lower uncertainty.

Batista, Wagner F.; Genezini, Frederico A.; Zamboni, Cibele B.; Zahn, Guilherme S. [Centro do Reator de Pesquisas (CRPq)-Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN-CNEN/SP). Av. Linneu Prestes, 2242-Cidade Universitaria, Sao Paulo, SP, 05507-000 (Brazil)

2009-06-03

230

Obesity and quality of life  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus of this review is the impact of obesity and weight loss on quality of life. A focus on quality of life broadens the scope of treatment efficacy beyond weight loss and provides a patient-centered perspective. The concept of quality of life is defined, and both general and obesity-specific measures are reviewed. It is clear that obesity confers negative

Robert F Kushner; Gary D Foster

2000-01-01

231

Materialism and Quality of Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

An attempt is made in this paper to establish a foundation for a theory of materialism and quality of life. The theory posits that overall life satisfaction (quality of life) is partly determined by satisfaction with standard of living. Satisfaction with standard of living, in turn, is determined by evaluations of one's actual standard of living compared to a set

M. Joseph Sirgy

1998-01-01

232

Quality of life issues in psoriasis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health-related quality of life (HRQOL), has been defined as “peoples’ subjective evaluation of the influences of their current\\u000a health status... on their ability to achieve and maintain a level of overall functioning that allows them to pursue valued\\u000a life goals and that is reflected in general wellbeing” [1, 2]. Psoriasis is a chronic disease with physical, psychosocial, and economic implications

Amanda B. Sergay; Matthew Silvan; Jeffrey M. Weinberg

233

Human side of value engineering.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper addresses people, pride and performance and their interrelationship with the Value Engineering (VE) technique. It explores the importance of people for the successful application of the technique. It discusses leadership skills, verbal and non-...

J. Wixson H. J. Heydt

1991-01-01

234

Life of the Silurian  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site describes life in the Silurian period, which was a time when many biologically significant events occurred. The oceans saw a widespread radiation of crinoids, and a continued proliferation and expansion of the brachiopods. The time period also marks the wide and rapid spread of jawless fish, along with the important appearances of both the first known freshwater fish and the appearance of jawed fish. Other marine fossils commonly found throughout the Silurian record include trilobites, graptolites, conodonts, corals, stromatoporoids, and mollusks. The site also covers the evolution of vascular plants, which have been the basis of terrestrial ecology since their appearance.

235

The Shape of Life  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new companion Web site to the PBS series The Shape of Life allows visitors to trace the "dramatic rise of the animal kingdom" through the research efforts of current scientists. The body of information is divided into eight different evolutionary "episodes" that include video clips, biographies, and research of leading scientists. Each episode also includes a featured animal page with facts, photos, and links to related Web sites. Although the content of the site seems to be aimed at a middle or high school level, teachers may appreciate the activity guide that contains several downloadable activities and questions for all ages to explore.

2002-01-01

236

The Life Cycle of Plants  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What is the whole process of the plant life cycle? 1) You will need to open the Flow Chart. Flow Chart 2) Be sure to print out your own Flow Chart so you can record your information. 3) Look at the chart of the Life Cycle and print out your own copy. Chart showing the steps of the life cycle 4) Record each step of the Plant Life Cycle in your Flow Chart starting ...

Kingsford, Ms.

2010-11-04

237

Strategies of Life Course Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Methodologies for life course analyses must explain complex biological, psychosocial, and social factors which result in various patterns of life trajectories. Four problems are characteristic of current research: a seemingly endless list of potentially significant variables; a dearth of life course theory beyond childhood to assist in targeting…

Nydegger, Corinne N.

238

The beginning of human life  

Microsoft Academic Search

The beginning of human life is seen differently by different individuals, groups, cultures, and religions. Embryonic and fetal life are a continuum, within which are time sequences and points—birth of a newborn, viability, neuromaturation, implantation, and conception—that may be declared as the beginning of human life. For each of these there are ethical and legal implications and considerations. Abortion laws

Fritz K. Beller; Gail P. Zlatnik

1995-01-01

239

Coleridge's "theory of life".  

PubMed

Coleridge has been seen by some not so much as a poet spoiled by philosophy, but as a philosopher who was also a poet. It could be argued that his major endeavor was an attempt to save the life sciences form the mechanistic interpretation which he saw as the outcome of Lockean "mechanico-corpuscularian" philosophy. This contribution describes that endeavour. It shows its connection to the social circumstances of the time. It discusses its relationship to the poetic sensibility of the "Lake poets" and to the German thought which Coleridge absorbed during and after his sojourn in Gottingen in 1798-99. It describes the nature of his "Theory of Life" as seen not only from the posthumous publication itself, but also from the numerous hints and struggles recorded in his voluminous notebooks, letters and lecture notes. It is concluded that, although never adequately assembled, it forms the only serious attempt to construct a profound alternative to the ultimately mechanistic biology of Charles Darwin and the psysiologists of the second half of the century. As such it strongly influenced the young Richard Owen and, as is well known, was eventually overwhelmed by the Darwin-Huxley synthesis of the 1860s. Nevertheless, insofar as Coleridge's concept of life ultimately derived from his ambition to find a way of healing the Cartesian divide, we may wonder whether the recent upsurge in consciousness studies may cause us to look again at his panentheistic ideas and, discarding the obsolete and fanciful metaphysics, recast them into a more acceptable form. PMID:11623814

Smith, C U

1999-01-01

240

Cultural values and role decisions: A study of educated women  

Microsoft Academic Search

322 student nurses and 250 student teachers indicated their career-marriage values and the values of 8 significant others on a 9-point scale ranging from high value on education and a career to high value on marriage and a family. Ss also indicated their preference for 1 of 3 life plan roles: marriage-oriented, career-oriented, and compromise. In both professions, the perceived

Carl N. Edwards

1969-01-01

241

Triumph of Life  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Web companion to the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) television series features essays, video clips, and special interactive features that explore the story of life on Earth. Additional features include an animated evolutionary timeline and a set of links to related materials including lesson plans and instructor's guides. PBS is a non-profit media enterprise owned and operated by the nation's 348 public television stations which uses the power of noncommercial television, the Internet and other media to enrich the lives of all Americans through quality programs and education services that inform, inspire and delight.

2011-11-14

242

Value of the Rydberg Constant  

Microsoft Academic Search

The spectroscopic measurements of Houston and of Chu pertinent to the Rydberg constant have been adjusted to a new wavelength value (5015.6779+\\/-0.0003 A in air) for the helium line used as a standard by them. This new wavelength, based primarily on recent measurements by the author and by Series and Field, replaces the value 5015.675 A accepted by Houston and

William C. Martin

1959-01-01

243

Methods for Accelerated Life Evaluation of Long-Life Cryocoolers  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the life and reliability capabilities of cryocoolers have improved there has been a corresponding evolution of user requirements. Tactical applications routinely require operation in excess of 10,000 hours; space-borne applications require operational life of >10 years. Demonstration of these long lifetimes provides a substantial challenge. Previous treatises have discussed means of addressing specific aspects of reliability via accelerated life

G. R. Pruitt; T. M. Davis; B. A. Ross

2004-01-01

244

Average and recommended half-life values for two neutrino double beta decay: upgrade-09  

SciTech Connect

All existing 'positive' results on two neutrino double beta decay in different nuclei were analyzed. Using the procedure recommended by the Particle Data Group, weighted average values for half-lives of {sup 48}Ca, {sup 76}Ge, {sup 82}Se, {sup 96}Zr, {sup 100}Mo, {sup 100}Mo-{sup 100}Ru(0{sub 1}{sup +}), {sup 116}Cd, {sup 130}Te, {sup 150}Nd, {sup 150}Nd-{sup 150}Sm(0{sub 1}{sup +}) and {sup 238}U were obtained. Existing geochemical data were analyzed and recommended values for half-lives of {sup 128}Te, {sup 130}Te and {sup 130}Ba are proposed. We recommend the use of these results as presently the most precise and reliable values for half-lives.

Barabash, A. S. [Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics, B. Cheremushkinskaya 25, 117259 Moscow (Russian Federation)

2009-11-09

245

Value of color in advertising  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twenty full-page advertisements, 10 in color, 10 in black and white, were judged by 992 respondents, distributed over 3 socio-economic groups and as to age and sex. Two attributes were measured: (1) The comparative values full-page black and white and colored advertising have to enhance and maintain positive influences on consumers. (2) The value of such advertising to intrigue or

Lucien Warner; Raymond Franzen

1947-01-01

246

The semiotics of religious space in Second Life®  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scholarly research on the religious dimension of Second Life® can be conducted with reference to several elements: ties between the religious dimension of Second Life and that of the “First Life” (an approach privileged by the sociology and the psychology of religion); the transcendent value inherent in the creation of an alternative reality (an approach favored by the philosophy of

Massimo Leone

2011-01-01

247

Industry, academe, and the values of undergraduate engineers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper contributes to research about organizational effects on the socialization of undergraduates and the formation of engineers' values by examining the effects of exposure to academic and industrial work, in the form of cooperative employment and undergraduate research, on the educational experiences, job values, and life objectives of engineering students. Using data from a questionnaire survey conducted in the

Edward J. Hackett; Jennifer Croissant; Blair Schneider

1992-01-01

248

Value relevance of value-at-risk disclosure  

Microsoft Academic Search

The SEC issued FRR No. 48 in 1997 to enhance public disclosure of firms’ exposures to market risk. We examine whether the\\u000a quantitative value-at-risk (VAR) estimates disclosed by 81 non-financial firms during the period 1997–2002 are value-relevant\\u000a using the earnings-returns relation. The empirical results indicate that high VAR is associated with weaker earnings-returns\\u000a relation. Further analysis shows that VAR is

Chee Yeow Lim; Patricia Mui-Siang Tan

2007-01-01

249

Congruence and Functions of Personal and Cultural Values: Do My Values Reflect My Culture's Values?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two studies are described examining the correlation between self- and culture-referenced values at a culture level (Study 1) and correlation between self- and culture-referenced values and self-reported behavior at an individual level (Study 2). It is found that values related to individual-group relationships (embeddedness) and expression and experience of affective feel- ings and emotions (affective autonomy) are significantly corre- lated

Ronald Fischer

2006-01-01

250

The Value of Value Stream Mapping to Students  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This paper provides a discussion of the value of teaching the lean manufacturing topic of Value Stream Mapping (VSM) to senior students in engineering. Value Stream Mapping is a technique that is used to view, on a broad level, a company's manufacturing of a part family. The technique is used to identify possible improvement areas within the manufacturing plant. Once identified, the appropriate Lean Manufacturing technique is used to meet specific improvement metrics. These techniques include visual systems, 5S, TPM, cellular layout, work balancing, JIT, etc. Engineering students in college typically do not have an extensive understanding, or the experience, in a manufacturing environment. Unless the topic of value stream mapping is presented correctly the student may not be able to properly use the technique in an actual applied situation. One method of re-enforcing the technique is to have the students working in teams to perform an actual analysis of a manufacturing system and present appropriate and realistic opportunities for improvement. In order to organize this paper, an overview of Value Stream Mapping (VSM) technique will be discussed first. The primary section of the paper will be on the method of incorporating active learning in the presentation of VSM to engineering students.

Lobaugh, Michael

2009-10-15

251

The Constructive Value of Overconfidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main argument of this paper is that overconfidence is underrated and can have constructive value in situations in which people tend to display a hyperbolic discounting of future utility. By artificially raising the estimation of future rewards, overconfidence can offset the inhibitory effects of exaggerated preference for present rewards, thus producing greater incentive, greater perseverance, resolute performance, and consequently

Keren Shapira-Ettinger; Ron A. Shapira

2008-01-01

252

POV: Steam of Life  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Among many hallmarks of Finnish life is the world of the sauna and its informal rituals. It is a place for men to explore their feelings, emotions, and their hopes and dreams. It is also the subject of this fascinating film presented as part of the POV series on PBS. Created by filmmakers Joonas Bergh'll and Mika Hotakainen, this 60-minute film looks into this rather fascinating aspect of Finnish culture. Visitors can watch the entire program here, and there are a host of additional features that round out the site. On the left-hand side, visitors will find additional photo galleries, a background essay, and a helpful "Are You Pronouncing Sauna Correctly?" primer. In the "Take Action" area, visitors can learn how to plan an event around this film and download a discussion guide. Teachers shouldn't miss the "For Educators" area, which includes a lesson plan and a reading list.

253

Lifeness signatures and the roots of the tree of life  

Microsoft Academic Search

Do trees of life have roots? What do these roots look like? In this contribution, I argue that research on the origins of\\u000a life might offer glimpses on the topology of these very roots. More specifically, I argue (1) that the roots of the tree of\\u000a life go well below the level of the commonly mentioned ‘ancestral organisms’ down into

Christophe Malaterre

2010-01-01

254

The Miracle of Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In the previous chapter, we have seen that it was quite easy for life to appear in our world. But how did it arise? What processes\\u000a occurred for life to appear so quickly? Are these processes common to other worlds?

Fernando J. Ballesteros

255

The Plantation System in the Ethnic Consciousness of Hawaii (A Rationale for the Study of the Plantation in Values Education) [And] A Day in the Life of Ah Sing Chong [And] A Worker's Daily Round.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The paper suggests that by studying the Hawaiian plantation system, seventh graders can gain understanding of personal values and ethnic heritage. The current racial and cultural diversity in Hawaii is a result of mass immigration initiated in 1876 by the needs of the sugar and pineapple industries. Over 400,000 field workers from China, Japan,…

Hung, Marianne Andrews

256

Game of Life Music  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At the time when the first author was post-graduate student, in the evenings he used to entertain himself with the equipment in the electronic music studio at the University of York until dawn. It must have been around three o'clock in the morning of a rather cold winter night in the late 1980s, when he connected his Atari 1040ST computer to a synthesizer to test the first prototype of a system, which he was developing for his thesis. The system, named CAMUS (short for Cellular Automata Music), implemented a method that he invented to render music from the behaviour of the Game of Life (GoL) cellular automata (CA).

Miranda, Eduardo R.; Kirke, Alexis

257

Children's Judgments of Expected Value.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Expected value judgments of 5- through 10-year-olds were studied by having children view roulette-type games and make judgments of how happy a puppet playing the game would be. Even the youngest children showed some understanding of probability dependence, with children under eight using an additive integration rule and children eight and older…

Schlottmann, Anne; Anderson, Norman H.

1994-01-01

258

Two Kinds of Value Premiums  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined the return co-movement of popular value-oriented investment strategies inside and outside equity. There are two distinct groups among the strategies examined in this study. The returns of strategies within a group move together, while the returns of strategies belonging to different groups do not. In addition, the two groups have very different exposures to conventional equity risk factors.

Daehwan Kim

2012-01-01

259

An Energy Standard of Value  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United States, as do most advanced industrial nations, generally measures value in money terms. The utility of employing a common denominator, such as money, is readily understood. However, within the past ten years there has been a growing disenchantment with money standards of measurement—particularly in the evaluation of public sector, nonmarket decisions. Concerns over distributive effects, regional consequences and

Bruce M. Hannon

1973-01-01

260

Educational Values of Popular Musicians  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate the musical demographics and educational values of popular musicians and music education majors. Participants (N=60) were musicians performing popular music (n=30) and undergraduate and graduate music education majors (n=30) at a large southeastern university. All participants responded to the same questionnaire, which included personal and musical demographics, such as age, gender, musical

Melissa Zacharias

2011-01-01

261

The Epistemic Value of Curiosity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this essay, Frederick Schmitt and Reza Lahroodi explore the value of curiosity for inquiry and knowledge. They defend an appetitive account of curiosity, viewing curiosity as a motivationally original desire to know that arises from having one's attention drawn to the object and that in turn sustains one's attention to it. Distinguishing…

Schmitt, Frederick F.; Lahroodi, Reza

2008-01-01

262

The value of percutaneous cholangiography  

PubMed Central

Percutaneous cholangiograms performed on fifty patients in a district general hospital have been reviewed, and the advantages and limitations of the examination are described. The investigation is considered to have sufficient diagnostic value to warrant its inclusion in the diagnostic armamentarium of every general radiological department. ImagesFig. 1Fig. 2Fig. 3Fig. 4

Evison, Gordon; McNulty, Myles; Thomson, Colin

1973-01-01

263

Forecasting the Value of Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Predictive Evaluation (PE) model is a training and evaluation approach with the element of prediction. PE allows trainers and business leaders to predict the results, value, intention, adoption, and impact of training, allowing them to make smarter, more strategic training and evaluation investments. PE is invaluable for companies that…

Basarab, Dave

2011-01-01

264

Half Life of exp 26 Al.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The half-life of exp 26 Al has been redetermined because of suggestions of an error in the accepted value based on its use in calculating exp 21 Ne production rates from cosmic rays in meteorites. Two solutions of exp 26 Al were analyzed for the specific ...

T. L. Norris A. J. Gancarz D. J. Rokop K. W. Thomas

1983-01-01

265

The Relationship Between Lifestyles and Sources of Customer Value  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examined the impacts of demographics and psychographics on sources from which customers derived perceived value in the life insurance industry. Factor analysis and K-means clustering method were used to develop psychographic segments. A major conclusion was that demographic and psychographic characteristics were found to have significant influence on sources from which customers derived value. The results revealed that

Buck Peng Tang

2001-01-01

266

Square of Life Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Square of Life: Studies in Local and Global Environments is an Internet-based, collaborative project in which students investigate their local environment and share that information with other students from around the country and the world. This projects integrates math, science, reading, writing, and technology. The students start by predicting what they will find in their school outdoor environment. Next, the students measure and rope off a one-meter square outside. They identify living and non-living things in their school yards and share their findings with other participating classes around the world. The students then compare and contrast similarities and differences in the reported data. Lastly, students prepare a final report based on their findings. This project is appropriate for all grade levels.

Science, Center F.

2009-05-15

267

Origins and Evolution of Life  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Part I. What Is Life?: 1. Problems raised by a definition of life M. Morange; 2. Some remarks about uses of cosmological anthropic 'principles' D. Lambert; 3. Minimal cell: the biologist point of view C. Brochier-Armanet; 4. Minimal cell: the computer scientist point of view H. Bersini; 5. Origins of life: computing and simulation approaches B. Billoud; Part II. Astronomical and Geophysical Context of the Emergence of Life: 6. Organic molecules in interstellar medium C. Ceccarelli and C. Cernicharo; 7. Cosmochemical evolution and the origin of life: insights from meteorites S. Pizzarello; 8. Astronomical constraints on the emergence of life M. Gounelle and T. Montmerle; 9. Formation of habitable planets J. Chambers; 10. The concept of galactic habitable zone N. Prantzos; 11. The young Sun and its influence on planetary atmospheres M. Güdel and J. Kasting; 12. Climates of the Earth G. Ramstein; Part III. Role of Water in the Emergence of Life: 13. Liquid water: a necessary condition to all forms of life K. Bartik, G. Bruylants, E. Locci and J. Reisse; 14. The role of water in the formation and evolution of planets T. Encrenaz; 15. Water on Mars J. P. Bibring; Part IV. From Non-Living Systems to Life: 16. Energetic constraints on prebiotic pathways: application to the emergence of translation R. Pascal and L. Boiteau; 17. Comparative genomics and early cell evolution A. Lazcano; 18. Origin and evolution of metabolisms J. Peretó; Part V. Mechanisms for Life Evolution: 19. Molecular phylogeny: inferring the patterns of evolution E. Douzery; 20. Horizontal gene transfer: mechanisms and evolutionary consequences D. Moreira; 21. The role of symbiosis in eukaryotic evolution A. Latorre, A. Durbán, A. Moya and J. Peretó; Part VI. Life in Extreme Conditions: 22. Life in extreme conditions: Deinococcus radiodurans, an organism able to survive prolonged desiccation and high doses of ionising radiation S. Sommer and M. Toueille; 23. Molecular effects of UV and ionizing radiations on DNA J. Cadet and T. Douki; 24. Molecular adaptations to life at high salt: lessons from Haloarcula marismortui G. Zaccai; Part VII. Traces of Life and Biosignatures: 25. Early life: nature, distribution and evolution F. Westall; 26. Early eukaryotes in precambrian oceans E. Javaux; 27. Biomineralisation mechanisms K. Benzerara and J. Miot; 28. Limits of life and biosphere: lesson from detection of microorganisms in deep sea and deep subsurface in the Earth K. Takai; Part VIII. Life Elsewhere?: 29. Titan and the Cassini-Huygens mission J. Lunine and F. Raulin; 30. The role of terrestrial analogue environments in astrobiology R. Léveillé; Index.

Gargaud, Muriel; López-García, Purificación; Martin, Hervé

2011-01-01

268

Professional values, aesthetic values, and the ends of trade.  

PubMed

Professionalism is initially understood as a historical process, through which certain commercial services sought to improve their social status (and economic reward) by separating themselves from mere crafts or trades. This process may be traced clearly with the aspiration of British portrait painters (headed by Sir Joshua Reynolds), in the eighteenth century, to acquire a social status akin to that of already established professionals, such as clerics and doctors. This may be understood, to a significant degree, as a process of gentrification. The values of the professional thereby lie as much in the etiquette and other social skills with which they deal with their clients, than with any distinctive form of skill or value. Professionalisation as gentrification seemingly says little about the nature of modern professionalism. However, if this process is also construed as one in which the goals and achievements of the profession come to be subject to radical reflection, then something significant about professional values emerges. On this account, the profession is distinguished from craft or trade on the grounds that the goals of the profession, and the effectiveness of any attempt to realise them, are not transparent to the client. While a lay person will typically have the competence necessary to judge whether or not a craft worker has achieved their goal, that person will not necessarily be able to recognise the values that determine the success of a medical operation. It will be concluded that the values of a profession are articulated intrinsically to the profession, in terms of the contested understanding that the professionals themselves have of the meaning of the profession and the narratives within which its history is to be told. PMID:21063909

Edgar, Andrew

2011-05-01

269

Comparison between methods for estimation of Breeding Values for Longevity in Slovenian Holstein population  

Microsoft Academic Search

Longevity or herd life is a highly desirable trait that has a great impact on economy of dairy production. Herd life can be measured in several ways, as survival in defined age or in days from first calving to culling. Breeding values (EBV) used for selection can be estimated for direct herd life (DHL) or indirect herd life (IHL). For

K. Poto?nik; J. Krsnik; M. Štepec; G. Gorjanc

270

Life prediction of pressure vessel nozzles  

Microsoft Academic Search

When the material yields local stress and strain behaviour changes, especially if there is a notch, determination of the local strain value can be difficult. Therefore it is not easy to predict the life of mechanical components in the low-cycle region. In the present work pressure vessels are considered and fatigue tests carried out. The most stressed zones, which are

M. Giglio; L. Vergani

1995-01-01

271

Accuracy limitations of chronaxie values.  

PubMed

The strength-duration curve is a plot of the threshold current (I) versus pulse duration (d) required to stimulate excitable tissue. On this curve are two points: 1) rheobase (b) and 2) chronaxie (c). Rheobase is the threshold current for an infinitely long-duration stimulus. Chronaxie, the excitability constant, is the duration of a pulse of current of twice rheobasic strength. The mathematical expression for the strength-duration curve is I = b(1 + c/d). Although there are many published values for chronaxie for various excitable tissues, the range of variability for a given tissue type is quite large. This paper identifies five factors that can affect the accuracy of chronaxie measurement and shows that the most reliable values can be obtained with a rectangular pulse delivered from a constant-current source. PMID:14723507

Geddes, Leslie A

2004-01-01

272

Being of Value: Intentionally Fostering and Documenting Public Value  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The discussion of public value is in the air among museums and other cultural institutions as they strive to achieve strategic impact "for and with" their "communities," rather than merely operational impact "for themselves." At the most basic level, it is about ensuring that their work is fully and meaningfully connected to the fabric and true…

Dierking, Lynn D.

2010-01-01

273

What's the Value of VAM (Value-Added Modeling)?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of value-added modeling (VAM) in school accountability is expanding, but deciding how to embrace VAM is difficult. Various experts say it's too unreliable, causes more harm than good, and has a big margin for error. Others assert VAM is imperfect but useful, and provides valuable feedback. A closer look at the models, and their use,…

Scherrer, Jimmy

2012-01-01

274

Being of Value: Intentionally Fostering and Documenting Public Value  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The discussion of public value is in the air among museums and other cultural institutions as they strive to achieve strategic impact "for and with" their "communities," rather than merely operational impact "for themselves." At the most basic level, it is about ensuring that their work is fully and meaningfully connected to the fabric and true…

Dierking, Lynn D.

2010-01-01

275

End-Of-Life Decision Making  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE To identify the desired features of end-of-life medical decision making from the perspective of elderly individuals. DESIGN Qualitative study using in-depth interviews and analysis from a phenomenologic perspective. SETTING A senior center and a multilevel retirement community in Los Angeles. PARTICIPANTS Twenty-one elderly informants (mean age 83 years) representing a spectrum of functional status and prior experiences with end-of-life decision making. MAIN RESULTS Informants were concerned primarily with the outcomes of serious illness rather than the medical interventions that might be used, and defined treatments as desirable to the extent they could return the patient to his or her valued life activities. Advanced age was a relevant consideration in decision making, guided by concerns about personal losses and the meaning of having lived a “full life.” Decision-making authority was granted both to physicians (for their technical expertise) and family members (for their concern for the patient's interests), and shifted from physician to family as the patient's prognosis for functional recovery became grim. Expressions of care, both by patients and family members, were often important contributors to end-of-life treatment decisions. CONCLUSIONS These findings suggest that advance directives and physician-patient discussions that focus on acceptable health states and valued life activities may be better suited to patients' end-of-life care goals than those that focus on specific medical interventions, such as cardiopulmonary resuscitation. We propose a model of collaborative surrogate decision making by families and physicians that encourages physicians to assume responsibility for recommending treatment plans, including the provision or withholding of specific life-sustaining treatments, when such recommendations are consistent with patients' and families' goals for care.

Rosenfeld, Kenneth E; Wenger, Neil S; Kagawa-Singer, Marjorie

2000-01-01

276

The origin of life  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Microfossil finds have been firmly established at about 3.5 Ga (giga annee=10 9 years), but no rocks older than about 4.0 Ga have been demonstrated, leaving the history of the first 0.6 Ga missing. This gap has been filled by models of the solar system. The origin of the ocean, atmosphere, and much crustal material apparently lies in a heavy rain of comets, subsequent to the catastrophic Moon-forming event. The earliest microfossils are those of the Apex chert in Australia, about 3.5 Ga old. `Prebiotic' simulations of possible biochemistry have made some progress in recent years, but many obstacles remain, and there is no agreement as to the course of development. The `ribose nucleic acid (RNA) World', aboriginal `clay genes', and catalysis on iron-sulfide precipitates are not ruled out. The search for the `last common ancestor' has reached a point between the Bacteria and the Archaea. It is possible that this organism may have been a thermophile, similar to many modern hot spring organisms. But it is likely to have been an autotroph, and a late development after the true origin of life. Even more speculative are suggestions about the origins of metabolic sequences, in particular the origin of the genetic code. Since all modern organisms share this code (and many other things), there had to be a long history of development during the blank period of Earth history.

McClendon, John H.

1999-07-01

277

The Relationship of Workaholism With Work–Life Conflict, Life Satisfaction, and Purpose in Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the differences between 2 types of workaholics (enthusiastic and nonenthusiastic workaholics) and nonworkaholic workers (work enthusiasts, relaxed workers, unengaged workers, and disenchanted workers) with respect to work–life conflict, life satisfaction, and purpose in life in a sample of 171 salaried employees of a high technology organization. Results differed for the 2 types of workaholics, supporting the importance

Cynthia A. Bonebright; Daniel L. Clay; Robert D. Ankenmann

2000-01-01

278

Giving the Gift of Life at the End of Life  

MedlinePLUS

... School Health Resources Health Calculators AOA Partnerships Giving the Gift of Life at the End of Life Page Content ?Today there are ... think only about the major organs, such as the heart liver or kidneys. However, there are more ... certain types of leukemia and sickle cell anemia Skin grafts for ...

279

Value Tree Analysis of Energy Supply Alternatives.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study examined the use of value trees in multiattribute evaluations of energy supply alternatives. A value tree relating general values and concerns to specific value relevant attributes was constructed to compare three energy options: nuclear, coal,...

W. G. Stillwell D. Winterfeldt R. S. John

1981-01-01

280

Effect of Gender on the Value Perception of the Young: A Case Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article evaluates the young's perception of the values with consideration of the gender factor. The study covered a total of 240 young, consisting of 100 girls and 140 boys continuing high school education in Ankara. The values of young were assessed with scales such as "terminal values", "instrumental values" and "values making life

Ozmete, Emine

2007-01-01

281

The Meaning of Academic Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This address reports the findings of a survey of higher education colleagues on the degree of happiness associated with personal definitions of "meaning of life" and "purpose in life." Using a unique sliding scale, the survey draws items from the Oxford Happiness Project among other sources and began with all ASHE members (N = 1,904) with a final…

Hagedorn, Linda Serra

2012-01-01

282

Systems of Values and Their Multidimensional Representations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Values were elicited spontaneously from a sample of undergraduates and adults attending college, and were compared to Rokeach's terminal and instrumental values. Multidimensional scaling revealed a simpler structure among spontaneously mentioned values than Rokeach's values. (JKS)|

Jones, Russell A.; And Others

1978-01-01

283

Value of juvenile animal studies.  

PubMed

The Developmental and Reproductive Toxicology Technical Committee of the ILSI Health and Environmental Sciences Institute has undertaken a project to address the impact of juvenile animal studies on pediatric drug development. A workshop, sponsored and organized by the Health and Environmental Sciences Institute Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity Technical Committee, was held on May 5-6, 2010, in Washington, DC, to discuss the outcome of a global survey and the value of juvenile animal studies in the development of drugs intended for use in pediatric patients. During this workshop, summary data from the 2009-2010 survey were presented, and breakout sessions were used to discuss specific case studies to try to assess the impact of juvenile animal studies performed to support specific pediatric drug development. The objectives of the Workshop on The Value of Juvenile Animal Studies were to (1) provide a forum for scientists representing industry, academia, and regulatory agencies to discuss the impact of juvenile animal studies on pediatric drug development, (2) evaluate summary data from the survey to understand how the juvenile study data are being used and their impact in labeling and risk assessment, (3) discuss selected case studies from the survey to highlight key findings, and (4) identify the areas of improvement for the designs of juvenile animal studies. The take home message that resonated from the workshop discussions was that well-designed juvenile animal studies have demonstrated value in support of certain pediatric drug development programs. However, it was also clear that a juvenile animal study is not always warranted. PMID:22623020

Leconte, Isabelle; Bailey, Graham; Davis-Bruno, Karen; Hew, Kok Wah; Kim, James; Silva Lima, Beatriz; Liminga, Ulla; Moffit, Jeffrey; De Schaepdrijver, Luc; Schmitt, Georg; Tassinari, Melissa; Thompson, Kary; Hurtt, Mark

2011-08-01

284

Expanding cosmic horizons of life  

Microsoft Academic Search

The conceptual boundaries of life are rapidly expanding far beyond the confines of our planet to encompass an ever-widening region of the universe. Complex organic molecules in interstellar dust and comets appear most plausibly to be biologically derived, or at least closely related spectroscopically and structurally to such material. A de novo origin of life from non-living material is reckoned

Nalin C. Wickramasinghe; J. V. Narlikar; J. T. Wickramasinghe; Milton Wainwright

2003-01-01

285

Life Cycle of a Pencil.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explains a project called "Life Cycle of a Pencil" which was developed by the National Science Teachers Association (NSTA) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). Describes the life cycle of a pencil in stages starting from the first stage of design to the sixth stage of product disposal. (YDS)|

Reeske, Mike

2000-01-01

286

On differences of zeta values  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Finite differences of values of the Riemann zeta function at the integers are explored. Such quantities, which occur as coefficients in Newton series representations, have surfaced in works of Bombieri-Lagarias, Maslanka, Coffey, Báez-Duarte, Voros and others. We apply the theory of Nörlund-Rice integrals in conjunction with the saddle-point method and derive precise asymptotic estimates. The method extends to Dirichlet L-functions and our estimates appear to be partly related to earlier investigations surrounding Li's criterion for the Riemann hypothesis.

Flajolet, Philippe; Vepstas, Linas

2008-10-01

287

Critique of ``Expected Value`` models  

SciTech Connect

There are a number of models in the defense community which use a methodology referred to as ``Expected Value`` to perform sequential calculations of unit attritions or expenditures. The methodology applied to two-sided, dependent, sequential events can result in an incorrect model. An example of such an incorrect model is offered to show that these models may yield results which deviate significantly from a stochastic or Markov process approach. The example was derived from an informal discussion at the Center for Naval Analyses.

May, W.L.

1996-06-01

288

Quality of life: perception of lung cancer patients.  

PubMed

An investigation was carried out to examine what quality of life means to lung cancer patients. 200 patients with either lung cancer (108) or chronic respiratory disease (92) were interviewed using a short open-ended questionnaire. They were asked to define quality of life in general, identify what they considered to be a good quality of life for themselves and to rank the relative importance attached to each nominated item. A content analysis was carried out and patients' responses were categorised into eight items. These were: ability to do what one wants to do/work, enjoyment of life, family life, financial security, happiness, health, living longer and social life/leisure activities. Of these, health (42%), enjoyment of life (25%) and family life (24%) were the three most nominated items as definition of quality of life in general. Patients perceived a good quality of life for themselves differently. Family life (58%), health (51%) and social life (43%) were found to be the most nominated components of a good quality of life for the patients. Overall, patients ranked family life and health as the first or second most important factors. There were no significant differences between cases and controls. The study results are challenging and serve to remind us that the term quality of life is misused in many studies. Most existing measures do not encompass the wider aspects of quality of life identified here, but rather concentrate on the "health-related" aspects of quality of life. To achieve this, the research into the best ways of measuring and assessing quality of life must continue to seek individual values and preferences and how these can be applied in a simple way in clinical studies. PMID:9038611

Montazeri, A; Milroy, R; Gillis, C R; McEwen, J

1996-12-01

289

Learning the value of VE  

SciTech Connect

Describing lessons learned from Value Engineers (VE) studies at a government-funded research laboratory reveals how project managers were encouraged to use VE and how their projects benefited from the VE savings. The five major lessons were: An officer of ''free'' VE is a low-risk incentive to encourage the use of VE; More costs savings can be identified by VE studies than cost reviews or design reviews; Large projects can benefit from repeat VE studies; VE teams can identify surprising savings when allowed to challenge all design criteria; VE programs can be costs effective even though return on investment may vary among projects. 6 tabs.

Sperling, R.B.

1989-03-03

290

Springs of Life  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, students learn about how springs are formed and explore the Florida springs ecosystem, with particular focus on the manatees, fish, birds and alligators that live there. Students also learn about red tide and its threat to the life in the springs.

Wnet

2010-11-05

291

The Breath of Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

All animal life in Chesapeake Bay, from the worms that inhabit its muddy bottom, to the fish and crabs found in its rivers, to the people that live on its land, need oxygen to survive. We breathe oxygen, which lets us extract energy from the food we eat. Our bodies use this energy to function. This process is essentially the

CHESAPEAKE BAY

1916-01-01

292

Values and the quantum conception of man  

SciTech Connect

Classical mechanics is based upon a mechanical picture of nature that is fundamentally incorrect. It has been replaced at the basic level by a radically different theory: quantum mechanics. This change entails an enormous shift in one`s basic conception of nature, one that can profoundly alter the scientific image of man himself. Self-image is the foundation of values, and the replacement of the mechanistic self-image derived from classical mechanics by one concordant with quantum mechanics may provide the foundation of a moral order better suited to today`s times, a self-image that endows human life with meaning, responsibility, and a deeper linkage to nature as a whole.

Stapp, H.P.

1995-06-01

293

Wild Beasts of Still Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a project with a transformative approach to color theory and still life. Students' use of an arbitrary color scheme can open their eyes, push their creativity and produce exciting paintings. Ordinary still-life objects will be transformed into dramatic, vibrant visuals. The Fauve style of painting is a great art history…

Lott, Debra

2007-01-01

294

The psychology of life stories  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent years have witnessed an upsurge of interest among theorists and researchers in autobiographical recollections, life stories, and narrative approaches to understanding human behavior and experience. An important development in this context is D. P. McAdams's life story model of identity (1985, 1993, 1996), which asserts that people living in modern societies provide their lives with unity and purpose by

Dan P. McAdams

2001-01-01

295

Translational value of startle modulations.  

PubMed

The startle is a relatively simple ubiquitous reflex. Interestingly, it has a "non-zero baseline", i.e., its magnitude can be reduced or enhanced. We reflect here on the translational value of prepulse inhibition and fear-related potentiation as endophenotypes that can be used for the investigation of complex psychiatric diseases such as schizophrenia and anxiety-related disorders. Our main conclusions are that both phenomena of startle modulation are useful tools for basic research in investigating the genetic and/or neurobiological basis of certain aspects of these disorders. Because of their stable and robust nature, however, both biomarkers are of limited use for predicting the occurrence of diseases in high-risk people or for predicting the course of an illness. PMID:23525740

Fendt, Markus; Koch, Michael

2013-03-23

296

The pro-life argument from substantial identity and the pro-choice argument from asymmetric value: a reply to Patrick Lee.  

PubMed

Lee claims that foetuses and adult humans are phases of the same identical substance, and thus have the same moral status because: first, foetuses and adults are the same physical organism, and second, the development from foetus to adult is quantitative and thus not a change of substance. Versus the first argument, I contend that the fact that foetuses and adults are the same physical organism implies only that they are the same thing but not the same substance, much as living adults and their corpses are the same thing (same body) but not the same substance. Against Lee's second argument, I contend that Lee confuses the nature of a process with the nature of its result. A process of quantitative change can produce a change in substance. Lee also fails to show that foetuses are rational and thus have all the essential properties of adults, as required for them to be the same substance. Against the pro-choice argument from asymmetric value (that only the fact that a human has become conscious of its life and begun to count on its continuing can explain human life's asymmetric moral value, i.e. that it is vastly worse to kill a human than not to produce one), Lee claims that foetus's lives are asymmetrically valuable to them before consciousness. This leads to counterintuitive outcomes, and it confuses the goodness of life (a symmetric value that cannot account for why it is worse to kill a human than not produce one) with asymmetric value. PMID:17845457

Reiman, Jeffrey

2007-07-01

297

[Prognostic value of ventricular arrhythmias].  

PubMed

In patients with heart failure ventricular arrhythmias correlate with the functional class and thus they are a marker of heart disease severity. An "independent" prognostic value of ventricular arrhythmias is generally accepted in post-infarction patients, but it is controversial in the presence of other heart diseases. According to the results of the MADIT and MUSTT studies the prognostic significance can be improved in post-infarction patients with non-sustained ventricular tachycardia during an electrophysiologic study aimed to evaluate the inducibility of sustained ventricular tachyarrhythmias with programmed electrical stimulation: in the "non-inducible" patients the prognosis is better than in "inducible" patients. Thus, we suggest to perform an electrophysiological evaluation in post-infarction patients and in patients with non-sustained ventricular tachycardia. PMID:11838350

Vergara, G

2001-12-01

298

The essence of life purpose.  

PubMed

Life purpose is an important thread of critical care nursing. However, no consensus exists for a definition of life purpose. In addition, ambiguity prevails regarding the manner in which life purpose is incorporated into nursing practice and research. Therefore, through a conceptual synthesis process, this article aims to clarify the essence of life purpose with relevance to health and critical care nursing today. The outcome of the conceptual synthesis is an operational definition to be used in future nursing research. Information was obtained from a literature search of scholarly articles using (1) searches of electronic databases of literature about life purpose and (2) research studies addressing conceptual, substantive, and methodological domains. Topics consisted of the philosophical underpinnings of life purpose, its attributes, definitions, and theoretical frameworks, along with differences in theories and empirical support. Finally, emerging from this process, the article culminates with a proposed conceptual definition of life purpose, which may be applied broadly to older adults in various critical care settings. PMID:19300082

Hodges, Pamela J

299

The Values of Australian Activists  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Relevant literature on student activism was reviewed so as to discover leads for predictions about differences between activists and non-activists in the way they might be expected to rank the terminal and instrumental values from Rokeach's Value Survey. (Editor)|

Ellerman, D. A.; Feather, N. T.

1976-01-01

300

Half-life of Radiocarbon  

Microsoft Academic Search

AFTER full discussion of the new determinations1-3 of the half-life of carbon-14, the Fifth Radiocarbon Dating Conference, meeting at Cambridge (see p. 943 of this issue of Nature), adopted the following resolution:

H. Godwin

1962-01-01

301

Toward a Systemic Explanation of Valuing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examined complexity of valuing by assessing valuing process, beginning with basic method of rank ordering. Participants (n=64) recorded their comments as they completed Rokeach Value Survey. Examination of comments revealed many agendas operating, making valuing far more complex than linear model of rank ordering values permits. Participants'…

Hague, William J.

1993-01-01

302

A New Archival Approach to the Study of Values and Value–Behavior Relations: Validation of the Value Lexicon  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present effort employs a new archival approach to study values and value–behavior relations, which is likely to be particularly useful in applied settings. A value lexicon was developed on the basis of the Schwartz (1992) value theory to extract lexical indicators of values from texts. The convergent, discriminant, and predictive validity of this measure was established using American newspaper

Anat Bardi; Rachel M. Calogero; Brian Mullen

2008-01-01

303

The role of values in servant leadership  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the existing literature regarding values in leadership. It identifies issues relating to both personal values and organizational values. The literature indicates that values affect leader behavior, as well as organizational performance. The paper also provides an overview of servant leadership theory and extrapolates applications of the values in leadership literature to three aspects of servant leadership: trust;

Robert F. Russell

2001-01-01

304

The beginning of human life  

PubMed Central

Introduction The Jewish religion is characterized by a strict association between faith and practical precept. Jewish law has two sections, the written and the oral tradition. The foundation of the written law and the origin of authority is the Torah, the first five books of the Scripture. It is an expression of God’s revelation, teaching and guiding humanity. The oral laws interpret, expand, and elucidate the written Torah and behavior patterns regulate new rules and customs. The main parts of the oral law are as follows: the Mishnah, the Talmud, Post-Talmudic Codes and. Responsa Literature. Discussion Life is a process that has a beginning and an end. The consensus about the time when human life really begins is still not reached among scientists, philosophers, ethicists, sociologists and theologizes. The scientific data suggested that a single developmental moment marking the beginning of human life does not exist. Current biological perspectives on when human life begins range through fertilization, gastrulation, to birth and even after. The development of a newborn is a smoothly continuous process. Results Procreation is acknowledged in the Bible to be the gift of God. The (Halachic) Jewish interpretation of when human life begins is extracted predominantly from procreation is acknowledged in the Bible to be the gift of God. The Jewish interpretation of when human life begins is extracted predominantly from The Halachic sources. The Bible does not make any other direct references regarding the beginning of human life. Conclusion While the Talmud gives the full status of humanness to a child at birth, the rabbinical writings have partially extended the acquisition of humanness to the 13th postnatal day of life for full-term infants. The Babylonian Talmud Yevamot 69b states that: “the embryo is considered to be mere water until the fortieth day.” Afterwards, it is considered subhuman until it is born. The issues of abortion, embryo research, multifetal reduction and cloning will be discussed according to Jewish Law perspectives. Life is a process that has a beginning and an end. The consensus about the time when human life really begins is still not reached among scientists, philosophers, ethicists, sociologists and theologizes. The scientific data suggested that a single developmental moment marking the beginning of human life does not exist. Current biological perspectives on when human life begins range through fertilization, gastrulation, to birth and even after. The development of a newborn is a smoothly continuous process.

2008-01-01

305

Valuation of life insurance surrender and exchange options  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper I analyze two American-type options related to life and pension insurance contract. I use Monte Carlo simulations combined with the Longstaff and Schwartz approach for the valuation of American options to find the value of a typical surrender option. I find that the values may be much lower than previously indicated. This reduction of value is due

Helge A. Nordahl

2008-01-01

306

The Home Life of Sir David Brewster  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

1. The birthplace; 2. The child; 3. The companions; 4. The student; 5. Settling in life; 6. Notes of life from 1810 to 1814; 7. Notes of life from 1814 to 1824; 8. Miss Edgeworth - Junius; 9. Notes of life from 1824 to 1830; 10. Notes of life from 1830 to 1836; 11. Notes of life from 1836 to 1844; 12. Notes of life from 1844 to 1850; 13. Notes of life from 1850 to 1851; 14. Notes of life from 1852 to 1853; 15. Notes of life from 1854 to 1855; 16. Notes of life from 1855 to 1860; 17. Characteristics; 18. Religious history; 19. Notes of life from 1860 to 1864; 20. Notes of life from 1864 to 1867; 21. The end; Appendix.

Gordon, Margaret Maria

2010-06-01

307

Quality of Life: Perspectives and Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The book deals with the concept of quality of life for persons with mental retardation and developmental disabilities. Part I, "Quality of Life: Personal Perspectives," contains "A Dream for Myself" (Connie Martinez); "Reflections on My Quality of Life: Then and Now" (Nancy Ward); "Quality of Life versus Quality of Life Judgments: A Parent's…

Schalock, Robert L., Ed.

308

Quality of Life: Perspectives and Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The book deals with the concept of quality of life for persons with mental retardation and developmental disabilities. Part I, "Quality of Life: Personal Perspectives," contains "A Dream for Myself" (Connie Martinez); "Reflections on My Quality of Life: Then and Now" (Nancy Ward); "Quality of Life versus Quality of Life Judgments: A Parent's…

Schalock, Robert L., Ed.

309

Half-life of /sup 218/Po  

SciTech Connect

The decay of Po 218 is accompanied by the emission of 6.00-MeV alpha particles. The most suitable method for studying it is the alphaspectrometric method. To generate radon, the source for RaA, the authors used a preparation of Ra 226 with a high degree of purity. Targets were prepared for measuring the half-life on a radon setup. Approximately 30 sec after holding in a radon atmosphere the target was placed with the polonium deposited on it into a vacuum chamber. It was noted that the intensity of the peak at 6.70 MeV decreases at the same rate as the decay of Po 218, and the ratio of the intensities of their peaks was equal to 0.037 +/- 0.007%. The spectra (alpha was analyzed on an LP-4900 analyzer. The values of the half-life that were obtained are in good agreement with the values obtained previously.

Potapov, V.G.; Soloshenkov, P.S.

1986-10-01

310

Quality of life: conceptual issues.  

PubMed

The evaluation of the quality of life of oncology patients may enable us to evaluate the impact of medical and nursing interventions on patients' lives and, ultimately, to produce information that may improve health care and the quality of patients' lives. However, quality of life is a complex concept that does not have a universal definition or a standard for its measurement. It must be defined clearly in order for it to be clinically useful. PMID:2274721

Ferrans, C E

1990-11-01

311

Quality of life in vitiligo patients.  

PubMed

Quality of life is defined by the World Health Organization as "individuals' perceptions of their position in life in the context of the culture and value systems in which they live and in relation to their goals, expectations, standards and concerns." Often overlooked in the past, it is nowadays considered, in a more holistic view of medicine, a decisive factor to understand the impact of diseases and improve the quality of medical care. Such evaluation is particularly relevant for dermatological diseases, because visibility of the lesions can significantly affect self-esteem and social relationships. Vitiligo represents an emblematic case: often disfiguring and located in visible areas, confused in the past (and, in many world regions, even in the present) with leprosy, often perceived by physicians as a harmless, purely cosmetic problem, it significantly decreases the quality of life of affected persons. After a brief overview on definition, usefulness and methods for the assessment of quality of life, the authors examine the peculiarities of its relationship with skin diseases, particularly vitiligo. The state of the art of knowledge and research in this field is presented, together with data showing usefulness and positive results of a multidisciplinary approach, which adequately keeps into account perceived quality of life, on patient's satisfaction, adherence to treatment protocols and, ultimately, better outcome of treatments. In this context, an important role can be played by support communities, groups of patients and dedicated associations and societies, connected through modern communication networks like the Internet. PMID:23237035

Teovska Mitrevska, Natasa; Eleftheriadou, Viktoria; Guarneri, Fabrizio

312

Comparison of Student and Recruiter Values.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Value priorities of campus employment recruiters and liberal arts students were compared using Rokeach's Value Survey. Confirmed: (1) students ranked idealistic values high, while recruiters ranked values applicable to business high; (2) more significant differences were found among instrumental than among terminal values; and (3) recruiters…

Vecchiotti, Dorothea I.; Korn, James H.

1980-01-01

313

END-OF-LIFE ALGORITHMS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tools and strategies for eliciting patient preferences for end-of-life care are often absent, of poor quality, or ignored. The American Medical Association's Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs has proposed new guidelines for the \\

Kenneth W. Goodman

1998-01-01

314

2003 Circle of Life Awards.  

PubMed

These three winning programs are changing palliative and end-of-life care in their communities, stretching the boundaries of conventional thinking, redefining eligibility, seeking out previously underserved populations, and otherwise serving as role models. PMID:12947787

Bilchik, Gloria Shur

2003-08-01

315

The Place of Values in Psychotherapy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychotherapy is a value-laden process because the very notions of 'therapeutic,''cure,' and 'health' involve patients and therapists in making value choices. Two hierarchies of health values as they apply to therapy are reviewed. (Author)

Abroms, Gene M.

1978-01-01

316

The Acquisition and Development of Values. Perspectives on Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A conference on research relating to how children acquire their systems of values and morality was held with the overall objective toward improving the quality of human life through greater scientific understanding of the developmental processes and the support of research on these complex problems. Participants stressed that many child-rearing…

Wells, Leora Wood, Comp.

317

The Half Life of 193Os ?-decay  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work, the half life of the ?- decay of 193Os was measured by following the activity of 25 5 mg 192Os-enriched samples for 20-60 h after they were irradiated in the IEA-R1 reactor of IPEN-CNEN/SP. Three different transitions associated with this ? decay were analyzed, and the results were then processed using three different statistical methods; the resulting values were compatible with the tabulated value, with an uncertainty of the same order of magnitude.

Zahn, Guilherme S.; Genezini, Frederico A.; Oliva, Jefferson W. M.; Zamboni, Cibele B.

2010-05-01

318

38 CFR 6.16 - Payment of cash value in monthly installments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...installments. 6.16 Section 6.16 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT LIFE INSURANCE Cash Value § 6.16 Payment of cash value in monthly installments....

2013-07-01

319

Altruism and the value of other people's safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article considers the manner in which people's altruistic concern for other people's safety should be incorporated in willingness-to-pay based values of statistical life and safety. It is shown that, within a utilitarian framework, the traditional prescription that such values should take full account of people's willingness to pay for others' safety is validif andonly if altruism is exclusivelysafety-focused, in

Michael Jones-lee

1991-01-01

320

Life of a Gypsy Moth  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity will enable students to identify the gypsy moth and understand its life cycle and habitat needs. There is a link to information on the history and profile of the gypsy moth and a related quiz.

321

Marketability of Long Life Products  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the marketability of long life products. We selected furniture, motorcycle, automobile, and refrigerator as study subject, used Evaluation Grid Method, AHP and conjoint analysis to clarify whether \\

S. Nagasawa; Pi-Ju Tsai

2005-01-01

322

Predictions of solder joint fatigue life  

Microsoft Academic Search

Procedures used to predict solder-joint life from calculations of the joint strains and low-cycle fatigue data are described. The fatigue lives of chip-carrier\\/printed-wiring-board joints are predicted and compared to measured values. This prediction utilizes a finite-element analysis of the string distributions in a typical joint acted upon by an imposed displacement. These strains are then used to determine the fatigue

H. D. Solomon; V. Brzozowski; D. G. Thompson

1990-01-01

323

The Quality of Life in Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The AsiaBarometer survey of 1,006 respondents shows that in Taiwan, people have access to modern utilities and digital media,\\u000a signs of materialistic achievement, and yet are more concerned with physical security and financial safety than with personal\\u000a growth. Regardless of their demographic backgrounds and value priorities, the Taiwanese, like other Confucian publics, are\\u000a most satisfied with the interpersonal life sphere

Grace Yao; Yen-Pi Cheng; Chiao-Pi Cheng

2009-01-01

324

Maintaining Life Satisfaction: The Role of Positive Cognitive Bias  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent research into population standards of life satisfaction has revealed a remarkable level of uniformity, with the mean values for Western populations clustering at around three-quarters of the measurement scale maximum. While this seems to suggest the presence of a homeostatic mechanism for life satisfaction, the character of such a hypothetical device is uncertain. This paper proposes that well-being homeostasis

Robert A. Cummins; Helen Nistico

2002-01-01

325

Half life of 175Hf.  

PubMed

This work measured the half life of radioisotope (175)Hf, which was produced by neutron activation method at the ZF-300-II Intense Neutron Generator in Lanzhou University. The half life of (175)Hf, measured by ?-ray spectrometry using a well calibrated GEM-60P coaxial High Purity Germanium (HPGe) detector, has been found to be 70.65±0.19 days. The present result agrees with the literature data well, while the accuracy was improved. PMID:22871434

Fang, Kaihong; Wang, Dawei; Yang, Shaobo; Zhao, Jiangtao; Peng, Haibo; Wang, Qiang; Wang, Tieshan

2012-06-21

326

A year in the life of eLife  

PubMed Central

Improving the peer review process, overcoming the limitations of print journals and providing open access to the very best work in the life and biomedical sciences are three highlights of our first year.

Schekman, Randy; Watt, Fiona M

2013-01-01

327

A year in the life of eLife.  

PubMed

Improving the peer review process, overcoming the limitations of print journals and providing open access to the very best work in the life and biomedical sciences are three highlights of our first year. PMID:24137550

Schekman, Randy; Watt, Fiona M; Weigel, Detlef

2013-10-15

328

Dementia at the End of Life  

MedlinePLUS

... End-of-Life Care Decisions Closing Thoughts Resources Dementia At the End of Life As they reach ... end of life, people suffering from conditions like Alzheimer's disease (AD) or Parkinson's disease can present special problems ...

329

The Game of Life at finite temperature  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper we propose a cellular array model whose transition function is based on a continuously valued expression that includes a temperature parameter T and two shift parameters E0 and x0. This transition function coincides with the transition function of the Game of Life cellular automaton model when the temperature approaches the limit T?0. States in this model are continuously valued for T>0, and cell state transitions, though deterministic, are affected by thermal fluctuation. Spectral analysis of the cell state's time series shows a 1/f spectrum in the low temperature region, as in the Game of Life, and a Lorentzian spectrum in the high temperature region. Analysis of the average entropy shows a division along approximately the same critical point into a low temperature region indicative of the Game of Life and a high temperature region with different behavior. We show that the model is robust to deviations in the values of parameters E0 and x0, but that the robustness declines with an increase in temperature, up to a critical temperature at which all robustness is lost.

Adachi, Susumu; Peper, Ferdinand; Lee, Jia

2004-11-01

330

The value of snow cover  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Snow is the natural resource, like soil and water. It has specific properties which allow its use not just for skiing but also for houses cooling in summer (Swedish experience), for air fields construction (Arctic and Antarctic), for dams (north of Russia), for buildings (not only snow-houses of some Polar peoples but artistic hotel attracting tourists in Sweden), and as art material (Sapporo snow festival, Finnish events), etc. "Adjustment" of snow distribution and amount is not only rather common practice (avalanche-protection constructions keeping snow on slopes) but also the practice with long history. So-called "snow irrigation" was used in Russia since XIX century to protect winter crop. What is now named "artificial snow production", is part of much larger pattern. What makes it special—it is unavoidable in present climate and economy situation. 5% of national income in Austria is winter tourism. 50% of the economy in Savoy relay on winter tourism. In terms of money this can be less, but in terms of jobs and income involved this would be even more considerable in Switzerland. As an example—the population of Davos is 14000 in Summer and 50000 in Winter. Skiing is growing business. In present time you can find ski slopes in Turkey and Lebanon. To keep a cite suitable for attracting tourists you need certain amount of sunny days and certain amount of snow. The snow cannons are often the only way to keep a place running. On the other hand, more artificial snow does not necessary attract more tourists, while heavy natural snowfall does attract them. Artificial snow making is costly and requires infrastructure (ponds and electric lines) with very narrow range of weather conditions. Related companies are searching for alternatives and one of them can be "weather regulation" by distribution of some chemical components in clouds. It did not happen yet, but can happen soon. The consequences of such interference in Nature is hardly known. The ski tourism is not the only and not even the main outcome from snow cover use. The value of snow cover for agriculture, water resources, industry and transportation is so naturally inside the activities that is not often quantified. However, any considerations of adaptation strategies for climate change with changing snow conditions need such quantification.

Sokratov, S. A.

2009-04-01

331

Culturally Diverse Communities and End-of-Life Care  

MedlinePLUS

... will Culturally Diverse Communities and End-of-Life Care Barry, B. & Henderson, A. . (1996). Value of decision making in the terminally ill patient. Cancer Nursing, 19(5), 384-291. Boyle, J.S., Buntin, S.M., ...

332

Rock Surfaces as Life Indicators: New Ways to Demonstrate Life and Traces of Former Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

Life and its former traces can only be detected from space when they are abundant and exposed to the planetary atmosphere at the moment of investigation by orbiters. Exposed rock surfaces present a multifractal labyrinth of niches for microbial life. Based upon our studies of highly stress-resistant microcolonial fungi of stone monument and desert rock surfaces, we propose that microbial

Anna A. Gorbushina; Wolfgang E. Krumbein; Marc Volkmann

2002-01-01

333

The insurance value of Medicare.  

PubMed

Medicare should provide access to care and protection from catastrophic spending while not being so generous that beneficiaries overconsume low-value care, thus driving up costs. Setting cost sharing is a balancing act that the Medicare program doesn't perform very well. PMID:23113834

Baicker, Katherine; Levy, Helen

2012-10-31

334

Applications of Living Systems Theory to Life in Space.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The conceptual system and methodology of living systems theory appear to be of value to research on life in isolated environments. A space station, which must provide suitable conditions for human life in a stressful environment that meets none of the bas...

J. G. Miller

1992-01-01

335

The Bioethical Concept of Life for Life in Judaism, Catholicism, and Islam: Abortion When the Mother's Life is in Danger.  

PubMed

Modern secular bioethics has focused on developing a set of universal principles to guide clinical decision making. However, this ignores the important role of religion in resolving bioethical questions. It is imperative that health-care providers understand these belief systems in order to traverse value conflicts and provide the highest quality care to a diverse population. This paper focuses on the process of bioethical deliberation in Judaism, Catholicism, and Islam. Abortion is normatively prohibited in each faith and through examining how each ethical code allows for abortion when the mother's life is in peril due to the fetus, we highlight the value of unborn life in each faith. Orthodox Judaism uses the concept of rodef, or pursuer, to permit abortion in this scenario, Catholicism uses the moral concept of "double effect," while Islamic law cites the maq??id, higher objectives of the law, to permit abortion in this scenario. PMID:23864760

Khorfan, Rhami; Padela, Aasim I

2010-11-01

336

The Bioethical Concept of Life for Life in Judaism, Catholicism, and Islam: Abortion When the Mother's Life is in Danger  

PubMed Central

Modern secular bioethics has focused on developing a set of universal principles to guide clinical decision making. However, this ignores the important role of religion in resolving bioethical questions. It is imperative that health-care providers understand these belief systems in order to traverse value conflicts and provide the highest quality care to a diverse population. This paper focuses on the process of bioethical deliberation in Judaism, Catholicism, and Islam. Abortion is normatively prohibited in each faith and through examining how each ethical code allows for abortion when the mother’s life is in peril due to the fetus, we highlight the value of unborn life in each faith. Orthodox Judaism uses the concept of rodef, or pursuer, to permit abortion in this scenario, Catholicism uses the moral concept of “double effect,” while Islamic law cites the maq??id, higher objectives of the law, to permit abortion in this scenario.

Khorfan, Rhami; Padela, Aasim I.

2010-01-01

337

Record Values of a Pareto Distribution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The record values of the Pareto distribution, labelled Pareto (II) (alpha, beta, nu), are reviewed. The best linear unbiased estimates of the parameters in terms of the record values are provided. The prediction of the sth record value based on the first m (s>m) record values are obtained. A classical Pareto distribution provides reasonably good…

Ahsanullah, M.

338

Quality Of Life In Residential Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a While some of the changes in life that accompany increasing age may promote higher quality of life, the increased prevalence\\u000a of disease and other negative life events presumably operate in the opposite direction. Among the most salient negative life\\u000a events in later life is the development of physical or mental disability sufficiently severe to justify moving from an independent\\u000a life

Edward Helmes; Lynne Austin

339

Response of Baroclinic Life Cycles to Barotropic Shear  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cyclonic barotropic shear of incrementally increasing magnitude is imposed on an idealized midlatitude jet, and the life cycles of baroclinically unstable wavenumber 6 perturbations growing on these jets are studied. When the barotropic shear parameter passes a critical value, the life cycle makes an abrupt transition from anticyclonic to cyclonic behavior. The abrupt transition in behavior is most evident in

Dennis L. Hartmann; Peter Zuercher

1998-01-01

340

Nutritional value of selected macroalgae  

Microsoft Academic Search

Macroalgae are traditionally used in human and animal nutrition. Their protein and fiber content have been widely studied\\u000a and differ according to the species, their geographic origin and their seasonal conditions. In addition to their value for\\u000a human nutrition, seaweeds have multiple therapeutically applications (e.g., weight control, hypocholesterolemic, antioxidant\\u000a and antitumor activities, others) and, in general, contribute and promote human

Rita Ferreira Patarra; Lisete Paiva; Ana Isabel Neto; Elisabete Lima; José Baptista

2011-01-01

341

Values of Estonian Students, Teachers and Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|R. Inglehart (1990, 2005) considers values to be one's reactions to changes in the environment. According to his approach values develop in the socialisation process. Values can be divided into traditional, modernist and postmodernist. According to Rokeach (1973), values are an element of culture, an image of the desirable that might not be…

Veisson, Marika

2009-01-01

342

Sources of Teachers' Values and Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Philosophers have written extensively about values and have long understood that internalized values define character and decisions. However, scholarship on sources of values, particularly for teachers, remains relatively unexplored. Sources of teachers' values are usually mentioned only in passing in books or articles dealing with other aspects…

Collinson, Vivienne

2012-01-01

343

Expanding cosmic horizons of life  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The conceptual boundaries of life are rapidly expanding far beyond the confines of our planet to encompass an ever-widening region of the universe. Complex organic molecules in interstellar dust and comets appear most plausibly to be biologically derived, or at least closely related spectroscopically and structurally to such material. A de novo origin of life from non-living material is reckoned to have so minuscule a probability that its occurrence once in the universe can be considered miracle enough. The widespread distribution of similar material (e.g with the characteristics of the diffuse infrared bands and 2175 absorption features) throughout the galaxy and in external galaxies adds weight to the theory of panspermia, where it is supposed that the components of life at a generic level are readily transferred from one place to another. Spectroscopic evidence consistent with life extends to redshifts z=0.5, and from elemental abundance studies alone (e.g, of C, O and metals) in distant galaxies the possibility of cosmic life extends to redshifts as high as z=3.

Wickramasinghe, Nalin C.; Narlikar, J. V.; Wickramasinghe, J. T.; Wainwright, Milton

2003-02-01

344

Counterculture businessmen: A study of values  

Microsoft Academic Search

Compared the values of 15 long-haired, blue-jeaned businessmen with those of 15 business students who fit the more traditional image of the businessman. Results from the Study of Values test reveal that the groups differed significantly on Economic and Aesthetic Value scales. The blue-jeaned Ss indicated a stronger value placed on aesthetics and weaker value on economics, while the traditional

Judy M. Karvel; Richard D. Grosz

1974-01-01

345

Life in an unjust community: a Hollywood view of high school moral life  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyses the film Mean girls (2004) as a window on popular notions of the moral life of American high schools, which straddles Kohlberg's Stage 2 and 3. The film presents loyalty to peer group cliques as a key value, even as it offers an individualist, relativist critique of that loyalty. Gossip is the main transgression in this tale

David Resnick

2008-01-01

346

Methods for Accelerated Life Evaluation of Long-Life Cryocoolers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As the life and reliability capabilities of cryocoolers have improved there has been a corresponding evolution of user requirements. Tactical applications routinely require operation in excess of 10,000 hours; space-borne applications require operational life of >10 years. Demonstration of these long lifetimes provides a substantial challenge. Previous treatises have discussed means of addressing specific aspects of reliability via accelerated life testing. This paper provides a review of documented accelerated test methods as well as test methods that may be considered for non-wear related failures. A review of common life-limiting features of cryocoolers is provided, including: seal wear, flexure fatigue, gaseous and particulate contamination, fretting failures at interfaces between non-moving/moving components and random failures. A recommendation for accelerated assessment of the lifetime and reliability related to each limitation is presented. The result is a compilation of test methodologies that may be tailored to users' and designers' needs. This approach offers the potential of providing a realistic assessment of operational life without incurring the cost and schedule associated with operating multiple cryocoolers to failure over a multi-year period.

Pruitt, G. R.; Davis, T. M.; Ross, B. A.

2004-06-01

347

Valuation of Metropolitan Quality of Life in Wages and Rents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This analysis uses intermetropolitan differences in quality of life to estimate the value that residents place on metropolitan amenities and disamenities in land and labor markets. Using individual-level data from the 1980 and 1990 Census of Popu­ lation and Housing merged with metropolitan-level economic, social, and environ­ mental factors, it estimates hedonic wage and rent equations to derive the value

Roxanne Ezzet-Lofstrom

348

Half-life of {sup 44}Ti  

SciTech Connect

We present the results of two separate measurements of the half-life of {sup 44}Ti relative to those of {sup 22}Na and {sup 207}Bi, respectively. By comparing the numbers of 1157-keV {gamma} rays from {sup 44}Ti to those of 1274-keV {gamma} rays from {sup 22}Na observed from a mixed source over a period of approximately 2 yr, we determined the half-life of {sup 44}Ti to be 61.5{plus_minus}1.0yr. From an approximately 1-yr-long study of another mixed source, where we compared the numbers of 1157-keV {gamma} rays from {sup 44}Ti to those of 1064-keV {gamma} rays from {sup 207}Bi, we determined the {sup 44}Ti half-life to be 62{plus_minus}5yr. From these two results, we have obtained a best value of 62{plus_minus}2yr for the half-life of {sup 44}Ti. The astrophysical implications of this result are discussed. {copyright} {ital 1998} {ital The American Physical Society}

Norman, E.B.; Browne, E.; Chan, Y.D.; Larimer, R.; Lesko, K.T.; Nelson, M.; Wietfeldt, F.E.; Zlimen, I. [Nuclear Science Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California94720 (United States); Goldman, I.D. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Wietfeldt, F.E. [National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland20899 (United States)

1998-04-01

349

Integrating varieties of life course concepts.  

PubMed

A body of work referred to as the "life course" framework (also known as "life course theory," the "life course paradigm," and the "life course perspective") has been increasingly used to motivate and justify the examination of the relationships among variables in social and behavioral science, particularly in the study of population health and aging. Yet, there is very little agreement on what some of these concepts mean, and there is hardly any agreement on what the "life course" is. This article focuses on the different ways in which the concept of "life course" is used in the contemporary study of aging and human development, particularly with regard to health and well-being. Clarification is given for how "life course" is distinguished from "life span" and "life cycle," among other "life" words. This work reviews the conceptual literature on the life course, beginning with its formative years in the 1960s and 1970s, through to the present time. Detailed research of several literatures across disciplines revealed five different uses of the term "life course": (a) life course as time or age, (b) life course as life stages, (c) life course as events, transitions, and trajectories, (d) life course as life-span human development, and (e) life course as early life influences (and their cumulation) on later adult outcomes. To the extent the concept of life course has a multiplicity of meanings that are at variance with one another, this is problematic, as communication is thereby hindered. On the other hand, to the extent the concept of life course involves a rich tapestry of different emphases, this is a good thing, and the diversity of meanings should be retained. This paper proposes a conceptual integration based in part on Riley's age stratification model that resolves the various meanings of life course into one general framework. Coupled with a demographic conceptualization of the life course, this framework embeds the concept of "life course" within a broader perspective of life-span development. This framework is proposed as an integrated perspective for studying the causes and consequences of "life course events and transitions" and understanding the manner by which "life events" and the role transitions they signify influence the life-span development of outcomes of interest across stages of the life cycle. PMID:22399576

Alwin, Duane F

2012-03-07

350

Psychosomatic medicine and the philosophy of life.  

PubMed

Basing ourselves on the writings of Hans Jonas, we offer to psychosomatic medicine a philosophy of life that surmounts the mind-body dualism which has plagued Western thought since the origins of modern science in seventeenth century Europe. Any present-day account of reality must draw upon everything we know about the living and the non-living. Since we are living beings ourselves, we know what it means to be alive from our own first-hand experience. Therefore, our philosophy of life, in addition to starting with what empirical science tells us about inorganic and organic reality, must also begin from our own direct experience of life in ourselves and in others; it can then show how the two meet in the living being. Since life is ultimately one reality, our theory must reintegrate psyche with soma such that no component of the whole is short-changed, neither the objective nor the subjective. In this essay, we lay out the foundational components of such a theory by clarifying the defining features of living beings as polarities. We describe three such polarities: 1) Being vs. non-being: Always threatened by non-being, the organism must constantly re-assert its being through its own activity. 2) World-relatedness vs. self-enclosure: Living beings are both enclosed with themselves, defined by the boundaries that separate them from their environment, while they are also ceaselessly reaching out to their environment and engaging in transactions with it. 3) Dependence vs. independence: Living beings are both dependent on the material components that constitute them at any given moment and independent of any particular groupings of these components over time.We then discuss important features of the polarities of life: Metabolism; organic structure; enclosure by a semi-permeable membrane; distinction between "self" and "other"; autonomy; neediness; teleology; sensitivity; values. Moral needs and values already arise at the most basic levels of life, even if only human beings can recognize such values as moral requirements and develop responses to them. PMID:20089202

Schwartz, Michael A; Wiggins, Osborne P

2010-01-21

351

Adaptive genetic differentiation in life-history traits between populations of Mimulus guttatus with annual and perennial life-cycles  

Microsoft Academic Search

The optimal allocation to sexual and vegetative reproduction as well as the optimal values of other life-history characteristics\\u000a such as phenology, growth and mating system are likely to depend on the life-cycle of the organism. I tested whether plants\\u000a of Mimulus guttatus originating from temporarily wet populations where the species has an enforced annual life-cycle have higher allocation to\\u000a sexual

Mark van Kleunen

2007-01-01

352

The Automaticity of Social Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much of social life is experienced through mental processes that are not intended and about which one is fairly oblivious. These processes are automatically triggered by features of the immediate social environment, such as the group memberships of other people, the qualities of their behavior, and features of social situations (e.g., norms, one's relative power). Recent research has shown these

John A. Bargh; Erin L. Williams

2006-01-01

353

Estimating the Relative Impact of Early-Life Infection Exposure on Later-Life Tuberculosis Outcomes in a Canadian Sample  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article seeks to elucidate effects of early-life influences on later-life tuberculosis outcomes using a dynamic computer simulation model. To illustrate the value of such a model, three research questions are considered: 1) If we implemented an intervention capable of reducing infection rates to varying degrees, what would the impact be on tuberculosis prevalence by age? 2) If there were

Nathaniel D. Osgood; Aziza Mahamoud; Kristen Hassmiller Lich; Yuan Tian; Assaad Al-Azem; Vernon H. Hoeppner

2011-01-01

354

Value Differentiation in Adolescence: The Role of Age and Cultural Complexity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Living in complex social worlds, individuals encounter discordant values across life contexts, potentially resulting in different importance of values across contexts. Value differentiation is defined here as the degree to which values receive different importance depending on the context in which they are considered. Early and mid-adolescents (N…

Daniel, Ella; Schiefer, David; Mollering, Anna; Benish-Weisman, Maya; Boehnke, Klaus; Knafo, Ariel

2012-01-01

355

Livestock, ethics, and quality of life.  

PubMed

Agricultural and animal scientists need to embrace a new vision beyond the single-minded existing pursuit of biological efficiency. The public in the West is no longer concerned solely with cheap food. Other paramount issues define quality of life, including: health and safety of foods; nutritional value; traditional, regional, locally produced, and organic foods; animal welfare; sustainable farming, environment, and rural resources. The paper provides examples of how the credibility of animal scientists has been lost due to some recent unethical behavior. Research, teaching and application of agricultural and animal science, especially of biotechnology, need to be reshaped into a new "Quality of Life Agricultural Era" to replace the "Era of Intensification." This new era will need fresh assumptions, beliefs and leadership to match the emerging social agenda of the 21st century. Animal scientists have a special role in implementing this new plausibility structure. PMID:14601893

Hodges, J

2003-11-01

356

A Woman's Life Before Serving Life: Examining the Negative Pre-Incarceration Life Events of Female Life-Sentenced Inmates  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the increase in the number of females incarcerated, there is a paucity of research concerning female life-sentenced inmates in the United States. Using a nationally representative data set containing the largest known sample of this population, the present research examines the pre-incarceration traumatic experiences of female life-sentenced inmates. The results indicate that these women are more likely to experience

Margaret E. Leigey; Katie L. Reed

2010-01-01

357

Game of life on phyllosilicates: Gliders, oscillators and still life  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A phyllosilicate is a sheet of silicate tetrahedra bound by basal oxygens. A phyllosilicate automaton is a regular network of finite state machines — silicon nodes and oxygen nodes — which mimics structure of the phyllosilicate. A node takes states 0 and 1. Each node updates its state in discrete time depending on a sum of states of its three (silicon) or six (oxygen) neighbours. Phyllosilicate automata exhibit localisations attributed to Conway's Game of Life: gliders, oscillators, still lifes, and a glider gun. Configurations and behaviour of typical localisations, and interactions between the localisations are illustrated.

Adamatzky, Andrew

2013-10-01

358

Enabling the chemistry of life  

Microsoft Academic Search

Enzymes are the subset of proteins that catalyse the chemistry of life, transforming both macromolecular substrates and small molecules. The precise three-dimensional architecture of enzymes permits almost unerring selectivity in physical and chemical steps to impose remarkable rate accelerations and specificity in product-determining reactions. Many enzymes are members of families that carry out related chemical transformations and offer opportunities for

Christopher Walsh

2001-01-01

359

Tautologies of work life balance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This conceptual contribution resembles the central theme of the 2002 SUSTAIN meeting and is about tautologies of Work Life Balance. It will be argued, that in Open- Systems Thinking the tautological character of work and non-work is obscured because the system and its environment are defined in an inclusive way (the system is part of the environment). When we observe

Frans M. van Eijnatten; Jan-Peter Vos

2002-01-01

360

Life Cycle Cost of Bridges.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is a continuation of the 2004 project to use historical cost data from a variety of geographically distributed bridges of different structural designs to (a) formulate a cost model for bridge life cycle cost, (b) assess the impact of deferred mainten...

R. Krizek

2009-01-01

361

The origin of cellular life  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary This essay presents a scenario of the origin of life that is based on analysis of biological architecture and mechan- ical design at the microstructural level. My thesis is that the same architectural and energetic constraints that shape cells today also guided the evolution of the first cells and that the molecular scaffolds that support solid- phase biochemistry in

Donald E. Ingber

2000-01-01

362

History of Life Through Time  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online exhibit explores the ancestor/descendant relationships of the three domains of organisms, bacteria, archaea, and eukaryota. Topics include the fossil record, life history and ecology, systematics, and morphology of each domain. There is also a link to a list of available taxa for the Eukaryotic kingdoms (chromista, fungi, metazoa, plantae, and protista) and to reference material on phylogeny, cladistics and evolution.

363

Integrals of fuzzy-number-valued functions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using the representation theorem of fuzzy numbers, we give an alternative approach for the integrals of fuzzy-number-valued functions, and for the Radon-Nikodym theorem of the fuzzy-number-valued measures.

Yun Kyong Kim; Byung Moon Ghil

1997-01-01

364

Service life prediction of reinforced concrete structures  

SciTech Connect

This paper is focused on the estimation of durability and service life of reinforced concrete structures. Assuming that the chloride ion in concrete can be absorbed on tricalcium aluminate, calcium silicate hydrate, and by other constituents of hardened cement paste, hydrated or not, the exact analytical solution of the governing partial differential equation together with its boundary and initial conditions can be obtained through nondimensional parameters and Laplace's transform. When the results of an exact analytical solution using suitable parameters were compared with the results of previous experimental work, the differences were found to be very small. This suggests that the absorption model is of considerable value. The exact analytical solution with the saturation parameter and time and diffusion coefficients under different effective electrical potential could be used to predict both the experimental results and the service life of reinforced concrete structures.

Liang, M.T.; Wang, K.L.; Liang, C.H.

1999-09-01

365

The Quality of Life in Japan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study is part of a collaborative project examining the quality of life in Confucian societies in Asia. Our major findings suggest that, when our sixteen specific life domains are grouped into three life spheres, namely, material, post-material, and public, the Japanese people tend to be most satisfied with the post-material sphere of life

Inoguchi, Takashi; Fujii, Seiji

2009-01-01

366

Teaching The Web of Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This series of activities, which integrates science and social studies, is designed to involve students in experimental learning experiences conducted in an outdoor setting. Throughout the lesson, which is based on a model of instruction called Flow Learning [TM], students (a) simulate the Web of Life, (b) use different senses and scientific…

Meichtry, Yvonne J.

2005-01-01

367

Breaking the Bread of Life.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes Bishop Hannan High School's (Pennsylvania) retreat program, in which students learn to develop a spiritual element in their lives. Discusses the theme, "The Bread of Life," and how the process of baking bread for communion helped unite and nourish students. Reports that, through a variety of fellowship activities, students gained a sense…

Mineo, Thomas M.; Royce, Christine A.

2000-01-01

368

Wolbachia pipientis - Encyclopedia of Life  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Encyclopedia of Life species page offers a comprehensive summary of the biology, ecology, evolution and relevance of Wolbachia pipientis. It includes an interactive media panel with images, videos and distribution maps, as well as a navigable classification structure. The page is supplemented with links to literature references, educational opportunities and additional research links.

Life, Encyclopedia O.

369

On the centrality of human value  

Microsoft Academic Search

The financial crash of 2008 following the selling of fictitious derivatives was a crisis of both rationality and values whose aftermath has thrown the legitimation of deregulated markets, and governments, into question. This paper critiques the Becker metaphor of human capital and submits that human value is central to and the fulcrum of both economic and social values. It illustrates

Teresa Carla Oliveira; Stuart Holland

2012-01-01

370

Towards the bibliography of life  

PubMed Central

Abstract This paper discusses how we intend to take forward the vision of a Bibliography of Life in the ViBRANT project. The underlying principle of the Bibliography is to provide taxonomists and others with a freely accessible bibliography covering the whole of life. Such a bibliography has been achieved for specific study areas within taxonomy, but not for “life” as a whole. The creation of such a comprehensive tool has been hindered by various social and technical issues. The social concerns focus on the willingness of users to contribute to the Bibliography. The technical concerns relate to the architecture required to deliver the Bibliography. These issues are discussed in the paper and approaches to addressing them within the ViBRANT project are described, to demonstrate how we can now seriously consider building a Bibliography of Life. We are particularly interested in the potential of the resulting tool to improve the quality of bibliographic references. Through analysing the large number of references in the Bibliography we will be able to add metadata by resolving known issues such as geographical name variations. This should result in a tool that will assist taxonomists in two ways. Firstly, it will be easier for them to discover relevant literature, especially pre-digital literature; and secondly, it will be easier for them to identify the canonical form for a citation The paper also covers related issues relevant to building the tool in ViBRANT, including implementation and copyright, with suggestions as to how we could address them.

King, David; Morse, David R.; Willis, Alistair; Dil, Anton

2011-01-01

371

Value of Major League Baseball Ownership  

Microsoft Academic Search

The unwillingness of team owners to share their data prohibits a direct assessment of the value of professional team sports ownership. But insights into that value can be gleaned from actual team sale prices. First, throughout the entire modern history of Major League Baseball (MLB), the average real growth in team sale prices is twice the usual comparison value of

Rodney Fort

2006-01-01

372

Pollution: Symptom of a Value Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pollution is symptomatic of an underlying cultural bias associated with Western Man. Our problem is: how can a new value structure be internalized within the Western mind -- a value system of more universal applicability. (EB)

Banner, David K.

1970-01-01

373

The value of medical and pharmaceutical interventions for reducing obesity.  

PubMed

This paper attempts to quantify the social, private, and public-finance values of reducing obesity through pharmaceutical and medical interventions. We find that the total social value of bariatric surgery is large for treated patients, with incremental social cost-effectiveness ratios typically under $10,000 per life-year saved. On the other hand, pharmaceutical interventions against obesity yield much less social value with incremental social cost-effectiveness ratios around $50,000. Our approach accounts for: competing risks to life expectancy; health care costs; and a variety of non-medical economic consequences (pensions, disability insurance, taxes, and earnings), which account for 20% of the total social cost of these treatments. On balance, bariatric surgery generates substantial private value for those treated, in the form of health and other economic consequences. The net public fiscal effects are modest, primarily because the size of the population eligible for treatment is small. The net social effect is large once improvements in life expectancy are taken into account. PMID:22705389

Michaud, Pierre-Carl; Goldman, Dana P; Lakdawalla, Darius N; Zheng, Yuhui; Gailey, Adam H

2012-05-09

374

The Tree of Animal Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author describes a short activity which introduces third- to fifth-grade students to animal classification. The Tree of Animal Life activity is a simple, sorting exercise that can help them see a bigger picture. The activity sets the stage for learning about animal taxonomy and introduces the characteristics of various animal…

Braude, Stan

2007-01-01

375

Temporal Aspects of Life Satisfaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Time pressure is a familiar phenomenon. The quantity of spare time people have clearly effects their satisfaction with their leisure and with their life as a whole. But so too, we show, does how much control people have over how much spare time they have. We measure this through an indicator of "discretionary time", which proves to be equally or…

Eriksson, Lina; Rice, James Mahmud; Goodin, Robert E.

2007-01-01

376

The Life of a Star  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website provides an introduction to what a star is and the evolution of high and low mass stars. It details the life of a star that is one solar mass and over ten solar masses. Pictures, graphs, and links are also provided for the user within the site.

2004-12-18

377

A Two-Player Game of Life  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a new extension of Conway's game of life for two players, which we call ``p2life''. P2life allows one of two types of token, black or white, to inhabit a cell and adds competitive elements into the birth and survival rules of the original game. We solve the mean-field equation for p2life and determine, using simulation, that the asymptotic density of p2life approaches 0.0362.

Levene, Mark; Roussos, George

378

Relating life cycle assessment indicators to gross value added for Dutch dairy farms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sustainable dairy production requires farms that are economically viable, environmentally sound and socially acceptable. A low environmental impact of milk production is not necessarily associated with an economically viable farm. To gain insight into a possible “trade-off” between economic and environmental sustainability, the relation between the environmental and economic indicators of dairy farms was quantified, and farm characteristics that influence

M. A. Thomassen; M. A. Dolman; K. J. van Calker; I. J. M. de Boer

2009-01-01

379

Valuing future life and future lives: A framework for understanding discounting  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article offers a conceptual framework for separating the distinct theoretical concepts that are often confounded in discussions of discounting. Two distinctions are emphasized: (a) the difference between discounting a future outcome because it confers less utility and discounting future utility per se, and (b) the differences between discounting one’s own future utility and discounting the utility of others who

Shane Frederick

2006-01-01

380

Involving the Extended Value Chain in a Whole Life Target Costing Model.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

International Consortium consists of: (2) Manufacturing companies; (2) Service organizations; (3) Government; (4) Professional bodies; (5) Software companies; (6) Consultancies; (7) Academia, who work in collaboration to solve management problems and crit...

R. L. Sindel

2007-01-01

381

Information: currency of life?  

PubMed Central

In biology, the exception is mostly the rule, and the rule is mostly the exception. However, recent results indicate that known universal concepts in biology such as the genetic code or the utilization of ATP as a source of energy may be complemented by a large class of principles based on Shannon’s concept of information. The present position paper discusses various promising pathways toward the formulation of such generic informational principles and their relevance for the realm of biology.

Polani, Daniel

2009-01-01

382

The Value of Natural History Collections.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents research and public values of natural history museum collections. Research values include documenting biotas no longer available and serving as inspiration for scientific discovery. Public values include servings as resources for identification of unknown specimens, hands-on education, and depositories for evidence of the history and…

Allmon, Warren D.

1994-01-01

383

Value orientation of computer science students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technological and nontechnological value orientations are investigated with special attention to the complexity of value structures. Computer science students, who are closely associated with technology, contrast with social science students, who are often technologically aloof. This is confirmed by the value ratings of 313 students at the University of Minnesota in 1972. Computer science majors were found to have a

Ronald E. Anderson

1978-01-01

384

Development of Value Systems in Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study of the value systems of 739 adolescents in Grade 5, 7, 9 and 11 using the Rokeach Value Survey. Discussion focuses on the relative stability of the rankings over grades and value differences related to age and sex. (SDH)|

Beech, Robert P.; Schoeppe, Aileen

1974-01-01

385

IMPORTANCE OF LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

This paper presents Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) as a tool to assist the waste professional with integrated waste management. CA can be the connection between the waste professional and designer/producer to permit the waste professional to encourage the design of products so mater...

386

Lifing of Engine Components.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The successful development of advanced aerospace engines depends greatly on the capabilities of high performance materials and structures. Advanced materials, such as nickel based single crystal alloys, metal foam, advanced copper alloys, and ceramics mat...

2005-01-01

387

The Molecules of Life.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|New advances in molecular biology have established a biotechnology industry and have changed ways people think about living things. In support of this theme, a discussion on historical development and current practice of gene cloning is presented. The role of nucleic acids, viruses, and therapeutic intervention is also considered. (DH)|

Weinberg, Robert A.

1985-01-01

388

Quality of Life  

MedlinePLUS

... suggestions to help you deal with common side effects of anti-rejection medications: Acne. Steroids can cause acne. The occurrence of acne can be reduced by keeping your skin clean and using an anti-acne product. If ... is a side effect of cyclosporine and prednisone. Plucking or waxing may ...

389

The Web of Life  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners examine ways that Native Americans of the Southwest express their relationship with nature through art. Learners cooperate to create a large weaving and individual rug designs. This activity is featured on pp.30-31 of the "One With the Earth: Native Americans and the Natural World" multidisciplinary unit of study for kindergarten through third grade.

Indianapolis, The C.

2012-05-10

390

The Life of Birds  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This companion to a new PBS series featuring renowned wildlife documentary host Sir David Attenborough is not as feature-rich as some comparable sites but deserves a visit nonetheless. Essentially a collection of five thoughtful illustrated essays, the site explores bird evolution, intelligence, songs (with RealPlayer examples), parenting, and several superlative birds. Additional contents include classroom resources (currently only two lessons), an essay on the making of the series, and a selection of annotated online resources.

Attenborough, David, 1926-.; Davies, Gareth H.

391

Phylogeny of Life  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

At this site, students browse through University of California at Berkeley's musuem exhibits relating to phylogeny. The exhibits explore the ancestor/descendant relationships which connect all organisms, past and present. Search by taxonomy, time period, or topic. Site also includes information on how scientists systematically approach diversity and patterns of events that have led to it.

Collins, Allen; Waggoner, Ben; Speer, Brian; Whitney, Colleen; Smith, David; Guralnick, Rob

2007-12-12

392

The Staff of Life.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some children have chronic illnesses that require diet modifications as part of their medical treatment. Advises school districts to hire a registered dietitian or look for resources at a local hospital or public health office. In addition, schools should work with parents, improve staff training, and conduct spot checks of school cafeterias. (MLF)

Jones, Rebecca

1994-01-01

393

A Curriculum of Life.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In a Nova Scotia community where the majority of the children live in poverty, the social concerns of the community are woven throughout the elementary school curriculum, which is taught as extensively as possible through the creative arts. Substantive and potentially controversial issues such as power, equity, and social justice are relevant and…

Portelli, John P.; Vibert, Ann B.

2002-01-01

394

The Staff of Life.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Some children have chronic illnesses that require diet modifications as part of their medical treatment. Advises school districts to hire a registered dietitian or look for resources at a local hospital or public health office. In addition, schools should work with parents, improve staff training, and conduct spot checks of school cafeterias.…

Jones, Rebecca

1994-01-01

395

Migration and the Option Value of Waiting  

Microsoft Academic Search

Migration is an investment: it involves fixed, unrecoverable costs and uncertain future returns. If migration can be postponed, the option value of doing so may have positive value. Migration may not occur for a range of individuals who would otherwise migrate on a net present value basis. This paper models the migration decision using ideas developed by Pindyck (1991) and

Michael C. Burda

1995-01-01

396

Validity of the Rokeach Value Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The construct validity of the Rokeach Value Survey (RVS) was evaluated. It was concluded that the RVS may be situation specific; and that ipsative measurement is useful when information about value choice is desired, but that normative measurement is more appropriate when the research is investigating the nature of value perception. (Author/PN)|

Thompson, Bruce; And Others

1982-01-01

397

Value of Farm Capital: Agriculture Economic Statistics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 2008, Canadas farm capital value increased by 8.0% to $283.7 billion, continuing a long upward trend which began in 1993. The increase in the value of land and buildings more than offset the decrease in the value of livestock and poultry. British Colum...

2009-01-01

398

The Tree of Life  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes how interdisciplinary, thematic lessons about plants, animals, and the environment were introduced with children's literature. First-grade students created a display of the African baobab tree and its inhabitants, focusing on their interdependence.

Plummer, Donna M.; Macshara, Jeannie; Brown, Skila K.

2003-03-01

399

Encyclopedia of Life  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A webpage for every organism on earth is the goal of this site, which was initially funded in 2007 by the MacArthur Foundation and the Sloan Foundation. To "learn how to navigate EOL, search for content, customize your experience, and explore pages..." visitors can start with the tab "Using the Site" at the top of the page. Here, there is a video tour on general "Navigation" of the site and instructions on how specifically to use the "Species Pages". Users can check out the FAQs section under the same tab for more help. Visitors can select the "Language" tab at the top of the page to view the site in English, Spanish, Russian, Ukranian, German, or French. In the "About EOL" tab on the far upper right hand side of the page, visitors can check out the "Content Partners" link about halfway down the menu. There are over two dozen partners and links to their websites listed, including the Nearctic Spider Database, Mushroom Observer, FishBase, and AntWeb.

400

Fiber: Bulk of Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Parents and grandparents called it bulk or roughage, but today it is called fiber. It gives individuals almost no energy or calories, but fiber - generally cell walls and\\/ or polysaccharides of plant foods not digested nor absorbed by the human gastrointestinal tract - has an important impact on bodies. It helps maintain good health and helps protect from

Patricia Rayas

401

The Structures of Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet reveals how structural biology provides insight into health and disease and is useful in developing new medications. It contains a general introduction to proteins, coverage of the techniques used to determine protein structures, and a chapter on structure-based drug design. The booklet features "Student Snapshots," designed to…

National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS), 2007

2007-01-01

402

The Structures of Life.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This booklet, geared toward an advanced high school or early college-level audience, explains how structural biology provides insight into health and disease and is useful in developing new medications. This publication contains a general introduction to proteins, coverage of the techniques used to determine protein structures, and a chapter on…

National Inst. of General Medical Sciences (NIH), Bethesda, MD.

403

The Promise of Quality of Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little has been written in the career development literature about quality of life, even though this concept is implied in all counselor interventions. In this article, the author suggests that the broad and subjective nature of quality of life, rather than a liability, is its very strength. Quality of life is presented as an important holistic…

Peruniak, Geoffrey S.

2008-01-01

404

The Promise of Quality of Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Little has been written in the career development literature about quality of life, even though this concept is implied in all counselor interventions. In this article, the author suggests that the broad and subjective nature of quality of life, rather than a liability, is its very strength. Quality of life is presented as an important holistic…

Peruniak, Geoffrey S.

2008-01-01

405

Deactivation of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators at end of life.  

PubMed

It is inevitable that all patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) will die during extended follow-up. End-of-life care planning may become appropriate as a patient's condition deteriorates. There is concern about multiple futile shocks in the final hours of life, although the incidence of this problem has been estimated at only 8-16%. Despite broad consensus that ICD deactivation should be discussed as part of end-of-life care planning, the effect of ICD deactivation, in particular whether life expectancy is altered, is uncertain. Many clinicians are reluctant to discuss ICD deactivation. Many patients have misconceptions regarding ICD function and value longevity above quality of life. As such, ICD deactivation is often discussed late or not at all. The management of ICDs in patients approaching death is likely to become a major problem in the coming years. This article will discuss directions in which clinical practice might develop and areas for future research. PMID:24180544

Pettit, Stephen J; Jackson, Colette E; Gardner, Roy S

2013-11-01

406

The Nutritional Value of Soybeans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conclusions  The 1935 recommendations of the Committee on Nutrition of the League of Nations emphasize that all possible steps should be\\u000a taken to make food supplies, and especially protective foods, available at prices within the reach of all classes of the community.\\u000a One answer to this recommendation is given in a recent publication from the Food Research Division of the U.

A. A. Horvath

1938-01-01

407

The Relationship Between Preservice Early Childhood Teachers' Cultural Values and their Perceptions of Scientists' Cultural Values  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes research that compares preservice early childhood teachers' cultural values and the values they believe are held by scientists. Using the Schwartz Values Inventory (SVI) (Schwartz (1992) Adv Exp Soc Psychol 25:331-351) preservice early childhood teachers cultural values were assessed, followed by an assessment of the values they believed were held by scientists. Schwartz postulated that cultural values

Valarie L. Akerson; Cary A. Buzzelli; Jennifer Eastwood

2010-01-01

408

The Value of Symbolic Computation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Standard generative linguistic theory, which uses discrete symbolic models of cogni- tion, has some strengths and weaknesses. It is strong on providing a network of out- posts that make scientific travel in the jungles of natural language feasible. It is weak in that it currently depends on the elaborate and unformalized use of intuition to de- velop critical supporting assumptions

Whitney Tabor

2002-01-01

409

The Representational Value of Hats  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The literature that is available on the topic of representations in mathematics is vast. One commonly discussed item is graphical representations. From the history of mathematics to modern uses of technology, a variety of graphical forms are available for middle school students to use to represent mathematical ideas. The ideas range from algebraic…

Watson, Jane M.; Fitzallen, Noleine E.; Wilson, Karen G.; Creed, Julie F.

2008-01-01

410

The Representational Value of Hats  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The literature that is available on the topic of representations in mathematics is vast. One commonly discussed item is graphical representations. From the history of mathematics to modern uses of technology, a variety of graphical forms are available for middle school students to use to represent mathematical ideas. The ideas range from…

Watson, Jane M.; Fitzallen, Noleine E.; Wilson, Karen G.; Creed, Julie F.

2008-01-01

411

The Value of Sustainability Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article offers the perspectives of a veteran in the field of sustainability. The author shares the steps in the development, evolution, and management of sustainability and sustainable practices at a leading flooring manufacturer. The author leverages over 20 years of experience in industry to discuss the necessary skills and mindsets to…

Bradfield, Steven L.

2009-01-01

412

Fundamental Value and Market Value  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much of James Tobin's professional life has been devoted to studying the interrelationship between the goods and financial markets. His general equilibrium approaches stresses the interaction of the demand for financial assets with the decision to accumulate productive capital. His emphasis on q, the ratio of market value of assets to their replacement cost, has shaped how students of the

William C. Brainard; Matthew D. Shapiro; John B. Shoven

1990-01-01

413

The Predictive Value of IQ  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews findings on the predictive validity of psychometric tests of intelligence. The article is divided into five major parts. In the first part, the issues with which the article deals are introduced. In the second part, we discuss what psychologists can learn about the predictive validity of intelligence tests from results obtained in the established market economies. Intelligence

Robert J. Sternberg; Elena L. Grigorenko; Donald A. Bundy

2001-01-01

414

The Scientific Value of Ayurveda  

Microsoft Academic Search

wo recent experimental investigations into the theory of Ayurveda, the Vedic system of medicine from ancient India, published in this Journal, by Joshi (2004) and, in this issue, by Bhushan and colleagues (pages 349-353), are very timely. Ayurveda has had a great increase in popularity in the last 2 decades and many trained practitioners of West- ern biomedicine are now

Alex Hankey

2005-01-01

415

The Value of School Locations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a method for assessing schools' performance in relation to socioeconomic indicators of their location. Such indicators include, the percentage of owner-occupied houses, car ownership, unemployment, and overcrowding. Discusses the process of indexing these indicators and their relation to school performance. (MJP)|

Conduit, E.; And Others

1996-01-01

416

[Clinical value of bronchoalveolar lavage].  

PubMed

Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) is a minimally invasive procedure used to characterize the status of the alveolar space. Standardization of the procedure and the analysis of samples taken is essential for their proper interpretation. In nonresolving or ventilator-associated pneumonia, BAL contributes to the detection of resistant pathogens and noninfectious etiologies. In immunocompromised hosts with radiological infiltrates, BAL should be performed early during work-up since outcome is significantly modified in this population group. In cases of interstitial lung disease, BAL can exclude infectious or neoplastic causes. Associated with a clinical and radiological evaluation, it provides valuables additional diagnostic information. PMID:23240296

Pasche, A; Braunschweig, R; Fitting, J-W; Nicod, L P

2012-11-21

417

"Something" Clarified, Nothing of "Value": A Rhetorical Critique of Values Clarification.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article explores the validity of values clarification as an approach to values education. Several passages from "Values and Teaching: Working with Values in the Classroom" (1966 and 1978, Raths, Harmin, and Simon) are used in a discussion of criticisms leveled against values clarification. (DF)|

Boyd, Dwight; Bogdan, Deanne

1984-01-01

418

Half-life of {sup 120}Xe  

SciTech Connect

We have measured the half-life of {sup 120}Xe using a high-purity germanium (HPGe) detector to monitor the 176, 178, and 762 keV {gamma} rays from {sup 120}Xe {beta}{sup +} decay. The result, 46{+-}0.6 min, differs significantly from the value 40{+-}1 min reported by Andersson et al. [Ark. Fys. 28, 37 (1964)]. We have also measured the half-lives of {sup 120}Cs and {sup 120}I to be 60{+-}0.7 s and 82.1{+-}0.6 min, respectively, both of which are consistent with previous measurements.

Phillips, A. A.; Andreoiu, C.; Bandyopadhyay, D.; Finlay, P.; Garrett, P. E.; Grinyer, G. F.; Hyland, B.; Schumaker, M. A.; Svensson, C. E.; Valiente-Dobon, J. J. [Department of Physics, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, N1G 2W1 (Canada); Ball, G. C.; Behr, J. A.; Hackman, G.; Pearson, M. R.; Smith, M. B. [TRIUMF, 4004 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 2A3 (Canada); Chupp, T. E.; Nuss-Warren, S. R.; Tardiff, E. R. [Focus Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Hayden, M. E.; Warner, T. [Physics Department, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, British Columbia, V5A 1S6 (Canada)

2006-08-15

419

The Dawn of Animal Life  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Miller Museum Online Exhibit, the Dawn of Animal Life, is provided by the Miller Museum of Geology, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada. Patrons can explore the evolution of life from three billion to about 500 million years ago by clicking on the various links, which include the formation of the earth, eukaryotic cells, the oldest known animal fossils, the ediacarian fauna, the mistaken point fossil assemblage, and the world's oldest complex animal fossils found in Newfoundland called Charnia. The site offers non-technical descriptions of where the fossils were found, what their significance is, and a host of very interesting photographs of the fossils themselves. Although the fossils presented are limited to certain locations, the site does a good job of explaining how they help researchers learn about the past around the globe.

420

The Therapeutic Value of Pets  

PubMed Central

While domestic pets are capable of transmitting disease and inflicting injury, they may also be of benefit to human health. Studies suggest that companion animals, in addition to their well-known role as helpers to the handicapped, may alleviate depression, solace the lonely, facilitate psycho-therapy, socialize criminals, lower blood pressure, increase survivorship from myocardial infarction and ease the social pain of aging in our society.

Fitzgerald, Faith T.

1986-01-01

421

COST OF ADDRESSING TARGETS OF UNEQUAL VALUE  

Microsoft Academic Search

The formalism for evaluating first strike costs and incentives for military targeting generalize to include higher value targets. That introduces two new allocations to the usual allocation between missiles and military targets, but they can be performed analytically. As the number of weapons on each side decreases, the optimal fraction of second strike weapons allocated to military values falls. The

G. H. CANAVAN

2001-01-01

422

The Value of Healthy Estuaries  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The article explores why healthy estuaries are critical to humans and wildlife: supporting both commercial and recreational fisheries, treating waste and runoff, protecting coastal areas from natural hazards, connect bodies of water for transportation, and nurturing a balance of the food web

Robert Christian (East Carolina University;)

2009-03-15

423

The Economic Value of Teeth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines the effect of oral health on labor market outcomes by exploiting variation in fluoridated water exposure during childhood. The politics surrounding the adoption of water fluoridation by local governments suggests exposure to fluoride is exogenous to other factors affecting earnings. Exposure to fluoridated water increases…

Glied, Sherry; Neidell, Matthew

2010-01-01

424

[Value of simulation in pediatrics].  

PubMed

The authors present the concepts of simulation and its utilization in pediatrics. Simulation in medicine is a teaching method that has not yet been developed in Europe and has not spread in pediatrics in France. Motivations for simulation are first and foremost ethical: "Never the first time on patients!" Simulation also provides benefits in teaching communication skills and theoretical concepts. It is an essential means to maintain patient safety by limiting the risk of errors. It covers teaching procedures requiring realistic models such as in teaching communication and crisis resource management. Simulation can also be used for teaching disclosure of bad news, using actors. Simulation skills are acquired during debriefing, when the supervisor acts as a facilitator. Evaluation is mandatory in simulation, dependent on the how realistic the models are and on the performance of a procedure or multidisciplinary team management. Performance can be objectively assessed only with validated tools. Simulation will become a mandatory teaching method in medicine. PMID:23619209

Oriot, D; Boureau-Voultoury, A; Ghazali, A; Brèque, C; Scépi, M

2013-04-22

425

NFL: A perversion of values  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author examines the National Forensic League's overemphasis on “winning”;, and points out how, in four respects, this “winning’ philosophy is educationally unsound. He concludes by suggesting several ways to remedy these weaknesses of the NFL.

Robert L. Smith

1959-01-01

426

The multiple values of wilderness  

Treesearch

Research & Development ... Description: Gone are those of the 1950s and early 1960s who championed preserving wild lands ... many new faces, as its childhood friends have moved on to other callings, have retired, or are no longer with us.

427

Value of Wind Power Forecasting  

SciTech Connect

This study, building on the extensive models developed for the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS), uses these WECC models to evaluate the operating cost impacts of improved day-ahead wind forecasts.

Lew, D.; Milligan, M.; Jordan, G.; Piwko, R.

2011-04-01

428

METHOD OF PREPARING PROTACTINIUM VALUES  

DOEpatents

Separation and purification from initial acid leaches of pitchblende of Pa is described. This supernatant acid solution is treated with alkali metal carbonates to precipitate Pa. Silica is removed from the precipitate by hydroxide treatment. The Pa residue is dissolved in HNO/sub 3/ and Pa is concentrated by cyclic precipitations with MnO/sub 2/. The last solution is hydrolyzed to precipitate Pa. The Pa precipitate contains Ti and Zr which are removed by ion exchange. (T.R.H.)

Katzin, L.I.; Larson, R.G.; Thompson, R.C.; Van Winkle, Q.

1959-05-19

429

The life of lipid droplets  

PubMed Central

Lipid droplets are the least characterized of cellular organelles. Long considered simple lipid storage depots, these dynamic and remarkable organelles have recently been implicated in many biological processes, and we are only now beginning to gain insights into their fascinating lives in cells. Here we examine what we know of the life of lipid droplets. We review emerging data concerning their cellular biology and present our thoughts on some of the most salient questions for investigation.

Walther, Tobias C.; Farese, Robert V.

2009-01-01

430

The Value of Undergraduate Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

I recently attended the national American Chemical Society meeting in Las Vegas (September 1997) and previous to that in San Francisco (April 1997). While there, I visited the Student Affiliates poster sessions that were held at those meetings. I did this both out of my own interest in undergraduate research (I have had five students present posters at national ACS

CLIFFORD B. LEMASTER

1997-01-01

431

The Value of Work Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Internships enable secondary and college students to gain experience, learn how an agency functions, and establish a network of contacts within organizations. Thirty-two summer internships, co-ops, and minority school programs are listed alphabetically. Each entry contains a brief program description, prerequisites, deadline for applications, and…

Mahooty, David; Rainer, Lillian

1999-01-01

432

Value of global weather sensors  

SciTech Connect

Long-range weather predictions have great scientific and economic potential, but require precise global observations. Small balloon transponders could serve as lagrangian trace particles to measure the vector wind, which is the primary input to long-range numerical forecasts. The wind field is difficult to measure; it is at present poorly sampled globally. Distance measuring equipment (DME) triangulation of signals from roughly a million transponders could sample it with sufficient accuracy to support {approximately} two week forecasts. Such forecasts would have great scientific and economic potential which is estimated below. DME uses small, low-power transmitters on each transponder to broadcast short, low-power messages that are detected by several small receivers and forwarded to the ground station for processing of position, velocity, and state information. Thus, the transponder is little more than a balloon with a small radio, which should only weigh a few grams and cost a few dollars.

Canavan, G.H.

1998-12-23

433

[Quality of life in dysphonia].  

PubMed

Quality of life is multidimensional and comprises physical, emotional, and social aspects. It has always been the implicit focus of medical work. However, since the 1980s it has been possible to measure it explicitly. Quality of life is impaired in dysphonic patients; this finding is supported by specific studies on self-reported physical, emotional, and social well-being. For practical application of these data, it is recommended to measure all three domains. From a therapeutic point of view, verbal intervention following the PLISSIT model (permission, limited information, special suggestions, intensive therapy) has been proven to enhance patient satisfaction. Therefore, this clinical procedure is recommended for routine application in dysphonic patients. PMID:19690816

Rosanowski, F; Grässel, E; Hoppe, U; Köllner, V

2009-09-01

434

The Value of DNA Sequencing  

Cancer.gov

This video is one in a series of videos from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) project explaining TCGA’s approach to determining the important genomic changes that lead to cancer. TCGA researchers, Drs. Richard Gibbs, Lynda Chin, Stacey Gabriel and Paul Spellman, explain DNA sequencing and what it tells us about DNA changes in cancer, how looking across many tumors will help us to find which changes are meaningful and identify potential drug targets, and how genomics is changing how we think about cancer.

435

The Dual Life of RNA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Molecular biology techniques have enabled us to prepare and select RNA aptamers that can bind specifically to small targets. RNA oligonucleotides can also be used as fluorescent probes. We have combined the two approaches to obtain Aptamer Beacons, in which molecular recognition is linked to the emission of an optical signal. These RNA biosensors could be used to detect directly the signatures of life in samples of mineral and extra-terrestrial material.

Meli, M.; Maurel, M.-C.

2004-06-01

436

New origin of life theory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new theory about the chemical evolution of life proposes that simple self-replicating chemical systems rather than complex ones could have been the precursors of living cells more than 3.5 billion years ago. The new theory, published in a recent issue of the Journal of Molecular Evolution, was developed by David White, an assistant professor at the University of Santa Clara, Calif.White proposes that the first chemical ancestors of life were themselves ‘alive’ only in the sense that they could reproduce themselves and may have been far simpler than previously believed. The prevailing theory of the chemical evolution of life holds that natural energy, such as lightning, sunlight, and heat, interacted with the atmosphere, soils, and oceans of primordial Earth. The continuous interaction and evolution over millions of years eventually produced complex chemical systems that could reproduce themselves and that led to the first living cells. The problem lay in getting the right chemical building blocks together in the right place at the right time. The process that led to living cells is easier to explain, however, if the necessary components are simple and few in number.

Bell, Peter M.

437

Measurement of Quality of Care and Quality of Life at the End of Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: Consumers and providers demand better indi- cators for quality of care and quality of life at the end of life. This article presents recommendations for advancing the science of measurement at end of life. Design and Methods: The authors reviewed the extant literature and applied the Institute of Medicine's conceptual framework for national health care quality to end-of-life care

Virginia P. Tilden; Susan Tolle; Linda Drach; Susan Hickman

2002-01-01

438

Quality of life in body dysmorphic disorder.  

PubMed

Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) has a significant impact on the patients' quality of life (QOL). This is an initial literature review of QOL in patients with BDD, examining the extent of QOL impairments, the impact of psychiatric comorbidity on QOL, and the effect of treatment on QOL in BDD. Studies were identified through PubMed, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO searches from 1960-2011 using the keywords: "quality of life," "body dysmorphic disorder," "dysmorphophobia," and "body image." Studies included in this review were selected using specific criteria by two authors reaching consensus. Most BDD research studies have used symptom severity measures mainly to study BDD and its treatments. BBD with or without comorbidities is significantly associated with poor QOL and functioning. Studies show that treatment of BDD, either by psychopharmacological treatments such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) or cognitive behavior therapy, might have positive effects on QOL, although these results need to be replicated in larger studies. In conclusion, QOL could add significant value to the assessment of BDD if used as one of the primary measures in research and clinical work in BDD, by providing more information and clearer understanding on the impact of the illness on satisfaction with activities of daily life and overall sense of wellbeing before and after treatment. PMID:22939280

IsHak, Waguih William; Bolton, Michael A; Bensoussan, Jean-Charles; Dous, George V; Nguyen, Trang T; Powell-Hicks, Allycin L; Gardner, Jennifer E; Ponton, Kimberly M

2012-09-03

439

SEPARATION OF PLUTONIUM VALUES FROM URANIUM AND FISSION PRODUCT VALUES  

DOEpatents

Separation of plutonium present in small amounts from neutron irradiated uranium by making use of the phenomenon of chemisorption is described. Plutonium in the tetravalent state is chemically absorbed on a fluoride in solid form. The steps for the separation comprise dissolving the irradiated uranium in nitric acid, oxidizing the plutonium in the resulting solution to the hexavalent state, adding to the solution a soluble calcium salt which by the common ion effect inhibits dissolution of the fluoride by the solution, passing the solution through a bed or column of subdivided calcium fluoride which has been sintered to about 8OO deg C to remove the chemisorbable fission products, reducing the plutonium in the solution thus obtained to the tetravalent state, and again passing the solution through a similar bed or column of calcium fluoride to selectively absorb the plutonium, which may then be recovered by treating the calcium fluoride with a solution of ammonium oxalate.

Maddock, A.G.; Booth, A.H.

1960-09-13

440

FRACTIONAL DISTILLATION SEPARATION OF PLUTONIUM VALUES FROM LIGHT ELEMENT VALUES  

DOEpatents

A process is described for removing light element impurities from plutonium. It has been found that plutonium contaminated with impurities may be purified by converting the plutonium to a halide and purifying the halide by a fractional distillation whereby impurities may be distilled from the plutonium halide. A particularly effective method includes the step of forming a lower halide such as the trior tetrahalide and distilling the halide under conditions such that no decomposition of the halide occurs. Molecular distillation methods are particularly suitable for this process. The apparatus may comprise an evaporation plate with means for heating it and a condenser surface with means for cooling it. The condenser surface is placed at a distance from the evaporating surface less than the mean free path of molecular travel of the material being distilled at the pressure and temperature used. The entire evaporating system is evacuated until the pressure is about 10/sup -4/ millimeters of mercury. A high temperuture method is presented for sealing porous materials such as carbon or graphite that may be used as a support or a moderator in a nuclear reactor. The carbon body is subjected to two surface heats simultaneously in an inert atmosphere; the surface to be sealed is heated to 1500 degrees centigrade; and another surface is heated to 300 degrees centigrade, whereupon the carbon vaporizes and flows to the cooler surface where it is deposited to seal that surface. This method may be used to seal a nuclear fuel in the carbon structure.

Cunningham, B.B.

1957-12-17

441

The Values of Middle Class Drug Users and Their Perceptions of the Values of Society.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Values of drug users were measured using the Rokeach Value Survey. The values the drug users espoused and perceived to be in opposition to society's values formed three themes: tranquility, aesthetics, and humanism. Although this group was perceived as deviant, they adhered to the literal meaning of these cultural ideals. (Author/BEF)|

Beech, Robert; Katz, Bernard

1980-01-01

442

Assessment of ethical decisions and values.  

PubMed

The development and pilot testing of the Professional Decisions and Values Test (PDV) is described. The PDV is designed to assess how ethical conflicts are dealt with by medical and law students and which moral values motivate them. Data from two consecutive classes of entering medical and law students are presented and their action tendencies and ethical values are compared. The findings support the construct validity of the test. Regarding reliability, stability over time is present for action tendencies but not for values. Perhaps the ethical values of entering medical and law students do not become stable until later. Change in ethical values can be studied with the PDV for groups, not individuals, during the first year of professional education. PMID:1538661

Rezler, A G; Schwartz, R L; Obenshain, S S; Lambert, P; Gibson, J M; Bennahum, D A

1992-01-01

443

Nationality and espoused values of managers  

Microsoft Academic Search

372 24-45 yr old middle-level managers from 40 nationalities who attended resident management development programs in Lausanne, Switzerland, scored their espoused values on 2 paper-and-pencil values tests, L. V. Gordon's Surveys of Personal and of Interpersonal Values. All used the English language form. Scores differentiated meaningfully by the age group of respondents. For the 15 nationalities represented by at least

Geert Hofstede

1976-01-01

444

Development Value Chains Meet Business Supply Chains: The concept of Global Value Chains unraveled  

Microsoft Academic Search

Value chain promotion is considered a key element of private sector development strategies and pro-poor growth. However, (value) chain concepts are rather complex and unclear. this paper unravels the concept of global value chains and studies the diversity of key value chain-related (supply chain, commodity chain, value chain) approaches. To this aim, we reviewed academic literature and donor agencies' reports,

Sarah Drost; Jeroen van Wijk; Sietze Vellema

2011-01-01

445

Quality of life assessment in people living with psychosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   Background: The value of measuring health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among people with persisting psychotic disorders is contentious,\\u000a despite the call for it in treatment outcome and economic evaluation. Our aim was to investigate the validity of psychotic\\u000a patients' self-report regarding their HRQoL, using the WHOQOL-Brèf, a generic measure, and the Assessment of Quality of Life\\u000a (AQoL), a utility

Helen Herrman; Graeme Hawthorne; Rosemary Thomas

2002-01-01

446

A theory of the value of children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses a non-standard value assumption—uncertainty reduction—to explain parenthood. We begin by reviewing the inadequacies\\u000a of normative and standard rational choice explanations of shifts in fertility behavior. Then we propose a theory of the value\\u000a of children based on the uncertainty-reduction assumption. Next we generate a range of hypotheses that follow both from this\\u000a assumption and from a subsidiary

Debra Friedman; Michael Hechter; Satoshi Kanazawa

1994-01-01

447

Capacity Value of Concentrating Solar Power Plants  

SciTech Connect

This study estimates the capacity value of a concentrating solar power (CSP) plant at a variety of locations within the western United States. This is done by optimizing the operation of the CSP plant and by using the effective load carrying capability (ELCC) metric, which is a standard reliability-based capacity value estimation technique. Although the ELCC metric is the most accurate estimation technique, we show that a simpler capacity-factor-based approximation method can closely estimate the ELCC value. Without storage, the capacity value of CSP plants varies widely depending on the year and solar multiple. The average capacity value of plants evaluated ranged from 45%?90% with a solar multiple range of 1.0-1.5. When introducing thermal energy storage (TES), the capacity value of the CSP plant is more difficult to estimate since one must account for energy in storage. We apply a capacity-factor-based technique under two different market settings: an energy-only market and an energy and capacity market. Our results show that adding TES to a CSP plant can increase its capacity value significantly at all of the locations. Adding a single hour of TES significantly increases the capacity value above the no-TES case, and with four hours of storage or more, the average capacity value at all locations exceeds 90%.

Madaeni, S. H.; Sioshansi, R.; Denholm, P.

2011-06-01

448

The statistics of the highest E value.  

PubMed

In a previous publication, the Gumbel-Fisher-Tippett (GFT) extreme-value analysis has been applied to investigate the statistics of the intensity of the strongest reflection in a thin resolution shell. Here, a similar approach is applied to study the distribution, expectation value and standard deviation of the highest normalized structure-factor amplitude (E value). As before, acentric and centric reflections are treated separately, a random arrangement of scattering atoms is assumed, and E-value correlations are neglected. Under these assumptions, it is deduced that the highest E value is GFT distributed to a good approximation. Moreover, it is shown that the root of the expectation value of the highest ;normalized' intensity is not only an upper limit for the expectation value of the highest E value but also a very good estimate. Qualitatively, this can be attributed to the sharpness of the distribution of the highest E value. Although the formulas were derived with various simplifying assumptions and approximations, they turn out to be useful also for real small-molecule and protein crystal structures, for both thin and thick resolution shells. The only limitation is that low-resolution data (below 2.5 A) have to be excluded from the analysis. These results have implications for the identification of outliers in experimental diffraction data. PMID:17570892

Chojnowski, Grzegorz; Bochtler, Matthias

2007-07-01

449

Cultural Values and Secondary Prevention of Breast Cancer in African American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

cancer mortality in this population. Methods: We examined cultural values in relation to self-reported breast cancer screening among 572 low-income, urban, African American women. Cultural values examined included time orientation, family authority, employment aspirations, value of past vs modern life, and reliance on medical professionals. Also, implications for continued development of culturally tailored health interventions and opportunities for the consideration

Ellen Burke Beckjord; Ann C. Klassen

2008-01-01

450

Value Bases of Case Management Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Some of the confusion surrounding evaluations of case management results from lack of clarity about value frames used to arrive at judgments of the merit of case management. Six value frames commonly applied to human service evaluation are reviewed, and the relevance of each perspective is examined. (SLD)|

Kirkhart, Karen E.; Ruffolo, Mary Carmel

1993-01-01

451

Accounting for the value of ecosystem services  

Microsoft Academic Search

A ‘value of ecosystem services’ (VES) may be calculated by multiplying a set of ecosystem services by a set of corresponding shadow prices. This paper examines the role of the VES concept in measuring trends in human well-being. Under conventional arguments from applied welfare economics, standard measures of market consumption may be extended to include the value of direct environmental

Richard B. Howarth; Stephen Farber

2002-01-01

452

Predictive value of two endogenicity measures.  

PubMed

Endogenicity has been considered to have a major predictive value as to the therapeutic response to antidepressants. Two recently introduced measures of endogenicity (the Michigan Discriminant Index and the Hamilton Endogenomorphy Subscale) were investigated regarding their potential predictive value. It was concluded that, in a group of selected depressive patients, neither the Michigan Discriminant Index, nor the Hamilton Endogenomorphy Subscale, had a predictive value concerning short-term response to antidepressants. PMID:2277823

D'haenen, H; De Weert, D; Feyaerts, M

1990-01-01

453

Fecal incontinence quality of life scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE: This goal of this research was to develop and evaluate the psychometrics of a health-related quality of life scale developed to address issues related specifically to fecal incontinence, the Fecal Incontinence Quality of Life Scale. METHODS: The Fecal Incontinence Quality of Life Scale is composed of a total of 29 items; these items form four scales: Lifestyle (10 items),

Todd H. Rockwood; James M. Church; James W. Fleshman; Robert L. Kane; Constantinos Mavrantonis; Alan G. Thorson; Steven D. Wexner; Donna Bliss; Ann C. Lowry

2000-01-01

454

An Investigation of Global Albedo Values  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mulrooney and Matney [1] developed a technique for estimating the intrinsic size distribution of orbital fragmentation debris and among the conclusions of their study was the recommendation of a global albedo value of 0.13 for these debris objects. In 2008 this value was revised upward to 0.175 [2] after revisions were made to the basis set of supplied brightness data

M. Mulrooney; M. Matney; M. Hejduk; E. Barker

2008-01-01

455

The vulnerability of patent value determinants  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a critical survey of the literature on the determinants of patent value. The contributions to the literature are essentially two-fold. First, significant inconsistencies across existing studies are underlined. Second, a sensitivity analysis shows strong dependencies of several ‘classical’ results on two main empirical dimensions, namely the choice of the dependent variables (indicator of patent value) and the

Nicolas van Zeebroeck; Bruno van Pottelsberghe de la Potterie

2011-01-01

456

Value of Information in Portfolio Decision Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

It can be time consuming to use decision analysis to allocate resources over a portfolio of projects. It may be possible to attain most of the value added by decision analysis in significantly less time. This paper defines and compares different analytic strategies in terms of the resulting value added for a range of simulated portfolios. A portfolio consists of

Jeffrey Keisler

2004-01-01

457

Gender, Work–Life Balance and Quality of Life  

Microsoft Academic Search

The past 15 years have seen dramatic changes in women’s lives, with much greater numbers in paid work, often combining this\\u000a work with childcare and other responsibilities. Undoubtedly, having jobs has improved women’s lives in many ways, raising\\u000a their living standards and giving them greater economic independence. However, there may be a downside to these gains: women’s\\u000a quality of life

Frances McGinnity; Helen Russell; Emer Smyth

458

Space Biology: Patterns of Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Present knowledge about Mars is compared with past beliefs about the planet. Biological experiments that indicate life may exist on Mars are interpreted. Life patterns or biological features that might be postulated for extraterrestrial life are presented at the molecular, cellular, organism, and ecosystem levels. (DS)|

Salisbury, Frank B.

1971-01-01

459

The Automaticity of Social Life  

PubMed Central

Much of social life is experienced through mental processes that are not intended and about which one is fairly oblivious. These processes are automatically triggered by features of the immediate social environment, such as the group memberships of other people, the qualities of their behavior, and features of social situations (e.g., norms, one's relative power). Recent research has shown these nonconscious influences to extend beyond the perception and interpretation of the social world to the actual guidance, over extended time periods, of one's important goal pursuits and social interactions.

Bargh, John A.; Williams, Erin L.

2008-01-01

460

The mathematical logic of life.  

PubMed

Protein synthesis can be likened to a particular coded information storage, transmission and execution system. Noise, error or mutations are the essential phenomena to which a living organism is subjected. Genetic coding aims at preserving the integrity of a structure under aggression from the surroundings. It can be shown that the different amino acids translated in the proteins, except the particular case of SER, obey a logical code for optimization of resistance to mutation effects. The study of the structure of this code allows a better comprehension of the logic of life. PMID:6379559

Cullmann, G; Labouygues, J M

1984-01-01

461

The Formation of Materialist and Postmaterialist Values  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inglehart's contentions regarding the adoption of materialist and postmaterialist values have provoked a lively debate. Inglehart's socialization and scarcity hypotheses together emphasize the enduring influence of the economic conditions during early adulthood. His more recent work stresses “formative security” within the family of origin. This paper models the formation of materialist and postmaterialist values. I distinguish five general influences on

Gary N. Marks

1997-01-01

462

Understanding the Value of Systems Engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

The practices of systems engineering are believed to have high value in the development of complex systems. Heuristic wisdom is that an increase in the quantity and quality of systems engineering (SE) can reduce project schedule while increasing product quality. This paper explores recent theoretical and statistical information concerning this heuristic value of SE. It explores the underlying theoretical relationships

Eric C. Honour

463

Value Distribution Theory of Meromorphic Functions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Value Distribution Theory of Nevanlinna is about a century old and still is an active area of research. It has a wide range of applications within and outside function theory. In this expository article we present this theory with history, recent developments and applications to Number Theory, Complex Dynamics, Factorization of Meromorphic Functions and Complex Differential Equations besides Value

K. S. Charak

2009-01-01

464

Life histories and the study of schooling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although life histories were collected by anthropologists in the first decade of the twentieth century, the most celebrated founding fathers of the life history were the sociologists Thomas and Znaniecki. Their work-- The Polish Peasant in Europe andAmerica -- began the promotion of the life history perspective as a cental research device in the emerging work of the University of

Ivor Goodson

1980-01-01

465

Professors as Value Agents: A Typology of Management Academics' Value Structures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The paper addresses the paradox of value-free science and the need for value-oriented management education. Taking the values discussion in the German management community as an example, we identify two stereotypes in management literature: an allegedly value-free scientist who limits responsibility to economic aims and a value-laden academic who…

Moosmayer, Dirk

2011-01-01

466

Stochastic game of life in one dimension  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A stochastic game of life (SGL) which simulates the dynamic evolution of a society of living organisms in the presence of noise is introduced. The SGL exhibits a very rich critical behavior with many critical edges at the irreversible phase transitions: extinction-life and life-overcrowding. Furthermore, within the living phase, critical edges at transitions between chaotic and frozen life are also found.

Monetti, Roberto A.; Albano, Ezequiel V.

1997-02-01

467

An Analysis of the Value Added by Secondary Schools in England: Is the Value Added Indicator of Any Value?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper argues that the value added score published for all publicly funded secondary schools in England is an unreliable indicator of school performance. A substantial proportion of the between-school variation in the value added score is accounted for by factors outside the school's control. These factors include several pupil-related variables such as the proportion of pupils on free school

Jim Taylor; Anh Ngoc Nguyen

2006-01-01

468

Quality of Life in Pediatric Bipolar Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE.Bipolar disorder is a common mood disorder associated with significant disability and impairment in quality of life in adults. Little research has examined the impact of the disorder on quality of life in children and adolescents. The current study examines the quality of life in children and adolescents with bipolar disorder compared with other physical and psychiatric illnesses. METHODS.This study

Andrew J. Freeman; Eric A. Youngstrom; Erin Michalak; Rebecca Siegel; Oren I. Meyers; Robert L. Findling

2009-01-01

469

Feeding value of pastures for ruminants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Perennial ryegrass is the primary forage component of ruminant diets in New Zealand. It is persistent and palatable, and immature ryegrass has a high nutritive value (NV). However, seed-head development substantially lowers its feeding value (FV) as fibre concentration increases, the rate and extent of digestibility decreases, and voluntary intake declines. Ryegrass pastures are susceptible to accumulation of endophytic and

GC Waghorn; DA Clark

2004-01-01

470

Communication as an element of service value  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The paper explores consumers' responsiveness to marketing communication about various services and products in three different media. Communication value is seen as an element of service value and is measured as consumer responsiveness to marketing communication. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The empirical data is based on interviews with consumers concerning their perceptions of the relevance and acceptance of marketing communication

Kristina Heinonen; Tore Strandvik

2005-01-01

471

Culture, values and ethics of animal scientists  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethnicity and culture are defined. Culture is recognized as the shared values and worldview of a race, nation, or professional group. Values are the objectives that matter most to a person or cultural group to which priority of interest is consistently given in time, energy, resources, wealth and education. Ethics defines the moral component of decisions reflecting self-interest or concern

John Hodges

2006-01-01

472

Semi-Values of Political Economic Games.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Semi-values are defined in Dubey and Weber 1981 where characterization of the semi-values is given for two basic spaces; the space of all finite games, and the space of differentiable non-atomic games, i.e., pNA. In the purely economic situation, we usual...

A. Neyman

1982-01-01

473

Human values, conservatism and stereotypes of homosexuals  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined the extent to which negative stereotypes of gays and lesbians are predicted by ideological commitment and human values. Respondents were 129 undergraduate volunteers who completed measures of conservatism, values and stereotypes of homosexuals. Males were found to be significantly more negatively disposed toward gays and lesbians than females and to endorse national strength and order more so than

Patrick C. L Heaven; Lisa N Oxman

1999-01-01

474

The Management of Open Value Creation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In our study we strive to develop a framework for the management of open value creation adoption. We conducted eighteen in-depth interviews with IS (information systems) executives and consultants responsible for open value creation projects. We combine the results of our software-supported qualitative analysis with insights from a broad range of existing related literature to develop a concise framework. The

Daniel Schlagwein; Detlef Schoder

2011-01-01

475

The Tree of Animal Life  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Tree of Animal Life activity is a simple, sorting exercise that can help them see a bigger picture. The activity sets the stage for learning about animal taxonomy and introduces the characteristics of various animal groups in a general way. Though the activity doesn't teach about each animal group's characteristics in great detail, the process of sorting of atypical examples (e.g., bat, octopus) does spark interesting discussions among students on the differences between animals and how scientists classify them. I've conducted the activity with students of various ages.

Braude, Stan

2007-09-01

476

Life history of Coelomomyces psorophorae.  

PubMed Central

The mosquito parasite, Coelomomyces psorophorae (Blastocladiales, Chytridiomycetes) alternates obligately between the larvae of Culiseta inornata and the copepod Cyclops vernalis. Isogametes, derived from heterothallic, wall-less gametangia which develop in the copepod, fuse to produce a diploid zygote that subsequently infects the mosquito host. Zoospores from the resistant sporangia which are produced in the haemocoel of the mosquito infect the copepod. A tentative life-history is proposed and implications of these discoveries for the biology, taxonomy, and possible role of Coelomomyces in biological control are discussed. Images

Whisler, H C; Zebold, S L; Shemanchuk, J A

1975-01-01

477

Life cycle assessment of gasoline blending options.  

PubMed

A life cycle assessment has been done to compare the potential environmental impacts of various gasoline blends that meet octane and vapor pressure specifications. The main blending components of alkylate, cracked gasoline, and reformate have different octane and vapor pressure values as well as different potential environmental impacts. Because the octane and vapor pressure values are nonlinearly related to impacts, the results of this study show that some blends are better for the environment than others. To determine blending component compositions, simulations of a reformer were done at various operating conditions. The reformate products of these simulations had a wide range of octane values and potential environmental impacts. Results of the study indicate that for low-octane gasoline (95 Research Octane Number), lower reformer temperatures and pressures generally decrease the potential environmental impacts. However, different results are obtained for high-octane gasoline (98 RON), where increasing reformer temperatures and pressures increase the reformate octane values faster than the potential environmental impacts. The higher octane values for reformate allow blends to have less reformate, and therefore high-octane gasoline can have lower potential environmental impacts when the reformer is operated at higher temperatures and pressures. In the blends studied, reformate and cracked gasoline have the highest total impacts, of which photochemical ozone creation is the largest contributor (assuming all impact categories are equally weighted). Alkylate has a much lower total potential environmental impact but does have higher impact values for human toxicity by ingestion, aquatic toxicity, terrestrial toxicity, and acidification. Therefore, depending on environmental priorities, different gasoline blends and operating conditions should be chosen to meet octane and vapor pressure specifications. PMID:12953887

Mata, Teresa M; Smith, Raymond L; Young, Douglas M; Costa, Carlos A V

2003-08-15

478

Analytical modeling of battery cycle life  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An analytical model has been developed for battery life relating wearout processes, depth of discharge, and cycle life. The model has been tested against existing nickel-cadmium cycle life data and gives good correlation over the range 20-50 percent depth of discharge. Insufficient test data are available to evaluate the model at very low and very high depths of discharge.

Gross, S.

1984-08-01

479

Rock Surfaces as Life Indicators: New Ways to Demonstrate Life and Traces of Former Life  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Life and its former traces can only be detected from space when they are abundant and exposed to the planetary atmosphere at the moment of investigation by orbiters. Exposed rock surfaces present a multifractal labyrinth of niches for microbial life. Based upon our studies of highly stress-resistant microcolonial fungi of stone monument and desert rock surfaces, we propose that microbial biofilms that develop and become preserved on rock surfaces can be identified remotely by the following characteristics: (1) the existence of spectroscopically identifiable compounds that display unique adsorption, diffraction, and reflection patterns characteristic of biogenerated organic compounds (e.g., chlorophylls, carotenes, melanins, and possibly mycosporines), (2) demonstrably biogenic geomorphological features (e.g., biopitting, biochipping, and bioexfoliation), and (3) biominerals produced in association with biofilms that occupy rock surfaces (e.g., oxalates, forsterite, and special types of carbonates, sulfides, and silicates). Such traces or biosignatures of former life could provide macroscopically visible morphotypes and chemically identifiable products uniquely indicative of life. This work was supported by DFG grants Go 897/2-1 and Kr 333/30-1.

Gorbushina, A. A.; Krumbein, W. E.; Volkmann, M.

2002-12-01

480

A value engineering analysis of timber windows  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cost effectiveness of products and services has become very important in today’s highly competitive market. The customer needs a product that accomplishes its required functions with economy. Value engineering is a very interesting management technique that analyses alternative solutions and identifies the best possible option. The presented work analyses various designs of timber and aluminium clad timber windows on value

M Asif; T Muneer; J Kubie

2005-01-01

481

A Brief Survey of Values Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A four-part series of papers on values education comprises this document. Part one presents a brief background of moral education in the United States, beginning with the Puritans, and including references to Horace Mann, William Holmes McGuffey, and others. Tracing its history, the author defines values education and its need in the school…

Cleaver, Betty

482

Improving functional value of meat products  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, much attention has been paid to develop meat and meat products with physiological functions to promote health conditions and prevent the risk of diseases. This review focuses on strategies to improve the functional value of meat and meat products. Value improvement can be realized by adding functional compounds including conjugated linoneleic acid, vitamin E, n3 fatty acids

Wangang Zhang; Shan Xiao; Himali Samaraweera; Eun Joo Lee; Dong U. Ahn

2010-01-01

483

The Value of Information About Product Quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Both consumers and a monopolist producer are uncertain about a good's quality. I derive conditions under which the value of public information about quality will be positive or negative to consumers and the firm. I find that the firm always prefers more information, but consumers may not. I identify two properties of cost functions which lead to a negative value

Edward E. Schlee

1996-01-01

484

The Value of Behavioral Research on Animals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Facts documented by references are presented to prove beyond any reasonable doubt the value of behavioral research on animals. Attempts by radical animal activists to mislead humane people by repeatedly asserting such research is completely without any value and by other false statements are a disservice to animal welfare by deflecting funds from worthy activities. Some of the significant contributions

Neal E. Miller

1985-01-01

485

A Brief Survey of Values Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A four-part series of papers on values education comprises this document. Part one presents a brief background of moral education in the United States, beginning with the Puritans, and including references to Horace Mann, William Holmes McGuffey, and others. Tracing its history, the author defines values education and its need in the school…

Cleaver, Betty

486

Only six kingdoms of life.  

PubMed Central

There are many more phyla of microbes than of macro-organisms, but microbial biodiversity is poorly understood because most microbes are uncultured. Phylogenetic analysis of rDNA sequences cloned after PCR amplification of DNA extracted directly from environmental samples is a powerful way of exploring our degree of ignorance of major groups. As there are only five eukaryotic kingdoms, two claims using such methods for numerous novel 'kingdom-level' lineages among anaerobic eukaryotes would be remarkable, if true. By reanalysing those data with 167 known species (not merely 8-37), I identified relatives for all 8-10 'mysterious' lineages. All probably belong to one of five already recognized phyla (Amoebozoa, Cercozoa, Apusozoa, Myzozoa, Loukozoa) within the basal kingdom Protozoa, mostly in known classes, sometimes even in known orders, families or genera. This strengthens the idea that the ancestral eukaryote was a mitochondrial aerobe. Analogous claims of novel bacterial divisions or kingdoms may reflect the weak resolution and grossly non-clock-like evolution of ribosomal rRNA, not genuine phylum-level biological disparity. Critical interpretation of environmental DNA sequences suggests that our overall picture of microbial biodiversity at phylum or division level is already rather good and comprehensive and that there are no uncharacterized kingdoms of life. However, immense lower-level diversity remains to be mapped, as does the root of the tree of life.

Cavalier-Smith, Thomas

2004-01-01

487

Importance of life cycle assessment  

SciTech Connect

The paper presents Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) as a tool to assist the waste professional with integrated waste management. LCA can be the connection between the waste professional and designer/producer to permit the waste professional to encourage the design of products so material recovery is most efficient and markets can be better predicted. The waste professional can better monitor the involvement of the consumer in waste management by using LCA and looking upstream at how the consumer actually reacts to products and packaging. LCA can also help the waste professional better understand the waste stream.

Bridges, J.S.

1994-06-16

488

The Sea of Life: a metaphorical vehicle for theory explication.  

PubMed

Metaphorical expression is viewed as a fundamental way of symbolizing used to develop nursing theory. The Sea of Life poem depicts a metaphor for explicating a theoretical structure derived from principles of the human becoming theory: Transforming occurs in the revealing-concealing of valuing. The Sea of Life, an original poem, sets forth the idea that unique meanings are co-created through human-environment relationships. The concepts of valuing, revealing-concealing, and transforming are linked through the poem to lived experiences. The easily recognizable concrete lived experiences which flow from the poem are re-conceptualized to formulate research questions. PMID:7681157

Hodnicki, D R; Horner, S D; Simmons, S J

1993-01-01

489

Nutritive Value of Foods (Revised October 2002).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This publication gives in tabular form the nutritive values for household measures of commonly used foods. It was first published in 1960; the last revision was published in 1991. In this revision, values for total dietary fiber have been added and phosph...

S. E. Gebhardt R. G. Thomas

2002-01-01

490

Explaining the Value of Transactional Lawyering  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article attempts to explain empirically the value that lawyers add when acting as counsel to parties in business transactions. Contrary to existing scholarship, which is based mostly on theory, this article shows that transactional lawyers add value primarily by reducing regulatory costs, thereby challenging the reigning models of transactional lawyers as \\

Steven L. Schwarcz

2007-01-01

491

Explaining the Value of Transactional Lawyering  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article attempts, empirically, to explain the value that lawyers add when acting as counsel to parties in business transactions. Contrary to existing scholarship, which is based mostly on theory, this article shows that transactional lawyers add value primarily by reducing regulatory costs, thereby challenging the reigning models of transactional lawyers as \\

Steven L. Schwarcz

2006-01-01

492

The governance of global value chains  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article builds a theoretical framework to help explain governance pat- terns in global value chains. It draws on three streams of literature - trans- action costs economics, production networks, and technological capability and firm-level learning - to identify three variables that play a large role in determining how global value chains are governed and change. These are: (1) the

Gary Gereffi; John Humphrey; Timothy Sturgeon

2003-01-01

493

Breaking Symmetry of Interchangeable Variables and Values  

Microsoft Academic Search

A common type of symmetry is when both variables and values par- tition into interchangeable sets. Polynomial methods have been introduced to eliminate all symmetric solutions introduced by such interchangeability. Unfor- tunately, whilst eliminating all symmetric solutions is tr actable in this case, prun- ing all symmetric values is NP-hard. We introduce a new global constraint called SIGLEX and its

Yat Chiu Law; Jimmy Ho-man Lee; Toby Walsh; J. Y. K. Yip

2007-01-01

494

Values as Predictors of Global Consciousness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study assessed the relationships between human values and the psychological construct of world-mindedness. Fifty-one college students and 58 high school students in a town in the Pacific Northwest completed the Values Questionnaire (Schwartz, 1992, 94) and the Cross-cultural World-mindedness Questionnaire (Der-Karabetian, 1992). A stepwise…

Mayton, Daniel M., II; Lerandeau, Elizabeth A.

495

The Value of Personal and Professional Accountability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current emphasis on accountability, standards, and assessment is missing one important dimension--connection to a sense of values and beliefs. In California, standards are stifling creativity and flexibility; standard-setting is too politicized; test scores are eclipsing democratic values; and cash rewards won't necessarily improve student…