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Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

AERIAL VIEW, LOOKING SOUTH WEST, BIRMINGHAM PORT ROAD DON DRENNAN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

AERIAL VIEW, LOOKING SOUTH WEST, BIRMINGHAM PORT ROAD DON DRENNAN OVERPASS IN FOREGROUND, TCI-US STEEL ENSLEY WORKS IN THE BACKGROUND. - Tennessee Coal & Iron Company, Ensley Works, West of residential & commercial districts, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL

2

77 FR 66541 - Safety Zone; Alliance Road Bridge Demolition; Black Warrior River, Locust Fork; Birmingham, AL  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Alliance Road Bridge. This safety...the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT, above...determined that it does not have implications...Governments, because it does not have a substantial...Standards This rule does not use technical...Alliance Road Bridge and is not expected...any comments or information that may...

2012-11-06

3

Vanderbilt Television News Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Television News Archive began at Vanderbilt University on August 5, 1968 because television news was not consistently recorded, preserved and made accessible for research anywhere. After a quarter century, the Archive remains unique in systematically recording, abstracting and indexing the most widely viewed national television newscasts so that they are readily available for study.

4

Exploration: Vanderbilt"s Online Research Magazine  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

There's a great deal of interesting research going on at Vanderbilt University, and their in-house online research magazine titled "Exploration" offers up detailed stories about some of this compelling work. Visitors to the site will enjoy looking through detailed multimedia presentations on the cosmological nature of diamonds, the facts of life in a cancer laboratory, and those unstoppable racing neurons. Visitors can also browse these features by themes, which include social sciences, life sciences, and engineering. Additionally, visitors can sign up to receive RSS feeds and chime in with their opinions via a contact page. Overall, this site is quite a nice find, and one that inspire other universities and colleges to set up a like-minded site.

5

Microprogramming at Vanderbilt University  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Computer Science Department of Vanderbilt University is actively pursuing a research program in microprogramming and related engineering. Projects at this time are being directed by Dr. Robert I. Winner with the participation of several graduate students, E. Michael Carter (Ph.D candidate), J. Eric Roskos (Ph.D student), Leonard B. Reed (Ph.D student), Thomas M. Wood (M.S. student), and Richard L.

R. I. Winner

1983-01-01

6

Vanderbilt University: Bioimages  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This extensive website of southeastern U.S. plant images was developed by Dr. Steve Baskauf of the Department of Biological Sciences at Vanderbilt University. The site is part of a larger Bioimages website designed to "provide educational information to the public on biologically related topics, as well as a source of biological images for personal and non-commercial use." Site visitors can browse for excellent images of many trees and woody plants by common name, scientific name, or family. Notably, these species pages include close-ups of different tree and plant parts (e.g. flower, bark, leaf, fruit). The site also offers helpful comparison sections for oaks, hickories, maples, and hickory nuts. Other site offerings include a list of Common and Endemic Herbaceous Plants of Cedar Glades by Family, a list of non-seed plants (hyperlinked to images), and a section on Identifying Invasive Plants. This site is also reviewed in the April 1, 2005_NSDL Life Sciences Report_.

2007-08-24

7

Suicide in Birmingham  

Microsoft Academic Search

The number of deaths from suicide in the City of Birmingham has fallen dramatically over the past eight years. Investigation shows that this seems to be wholly due to a reduction in deaths due to domestic coal-gas.

Christine Hassall; W. H. Trethowan

1972-01-01

8

The Vanderbilt University nanoscale science and engineering fabrication laboratory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vanderbilt University has realized the design and construction of a 1635 sq. ft. Class 10,000 cleanroom facility to support the wide-ranging research mission associated with the Vanderbilt Institute for Nanoscale Science and Engineering (VINSE). By design we have brought together disparate technologies and researchers formerly dispersed across the campus to work together in a small contiguous space intended to foster

Anthony B. Hmelo; Edward F. Belbusti; Mark L. Smith; Sean J. Brice; Robert F. Wheaton

2005-01-01

9

Clinical Research Subject Recruitment: The Volunteer for Vanderbilt Research Program www.volunteer.mc.vanderbilt.edu  

PubMed Central

This article provides information concerning a novel research subject recruitment registry developed at Vanderbilt University. Project goals were (1) to provide a mechanism for lay individuals to self-enter information conveying interest in volunteering for clinical research and (2) provide tools for researchers to select and contact potential volunteers based on study-specific inclusion criteria. The registry was built and offered as an institutional resource to all university scientists conducting institutional review board–approved research. The authors present (1) a model for redesigning workflow associated with subject registration, volunteer retrieval, and subject contact; (2) details of a Web-based software application used as a focal point in designing workflow for our system; (3) descriptive statistics for volunteer and researcher use of the system during the first 32 months of operation; (4) cost estimates for the project; and (5) a set of recommendations for other medical centers wishing to adopt similar methodology.

Harris, Paul A.; Lane, Lynda; Biaggioni, Italo

2005-01-01

10

75 FR 44977 - General Management Plan/Abbreviated Final Environmental Impact Statement, Roosevelt-Vanderbilt...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Roosevelt-Vanderbilt National Historic Sites, Hyde Park, NY AGENCY: National Park Service, Department...Roosevelt-Vanderbilt National Historic Sites, Hyde Park, NY...Free Library, 2 Main Street, Hyde Park, NY. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:...

2010-07-30

11

AERIAL VIEW, LOOKING SOUTH WEST, BIRMINGPORT ROAD AND DON DRENNEN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

AERIAL VIEW, LOOKING SOUTH WEST, BIRMINGPORT ROAD AND DON DRENNEN OVERPASS IN FOREGROUND, TCI-US STEEL ENSLEY WORKS OPEN HEARTH (RUINS) IN THE BACKGROUND. - Tennessee Coal & Iron Company, Ensley Works, West of residential & commercial districts, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL

12

Vanderbilt study reveals racial disparities in prostate cancer care  

Cancer.gov

A study led by investigators from Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center (VICC), Nashville, Tenn., finds that black men with prostate cancer receive lower quality surgical care than white men. The racial differences persist even when controlling for factors such as the year of surgery, age, comorbidities and insurance status.

13

Planning the Cultural Quarter in Birmingham's Eastside  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cultural planning and the development of cultural quarters has become a new orthodoxy in the revitalization of inner city industrial districts, yet this orthodoxy is now widely questioned as to whether it delivers on its promises. In Birmingham UK, the aim to create a new cultural quarter in the industrial inner city area of Eastside represents a unique opportunity for

Libby Porter; Austin Barber

2007-01-01

14

A study of scalds in Birmingham.  

PubMed Central

The causes of serious domestic scald injuries in Birmingham were studied for one year. Seventy-eight people sustained such scalds, 11 adults and 67 children. Only 51 of the patients received satisfactory first aid. Most accidents could have been avoided and the severity of the injury would have been less if appropriate first aid had been given.

Cason, C G

1990-01-01

15

Vanderbilt researchers find a protein family key to aging, cancer:  

Cancer.gov

The list of aging-associated proteins known to be involved in cancer is growing longer, according to research by investigators at Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center and the National Institutes of Health. The new study, published Oct. 17 in Cancer Cell, identifies the protein SIRT2 as a tumor suppressor linked to gender-specific tumor development in mice. Along with two other "sirtuin" proteins previously linked to cancer, the new finding suggests the existence of a rare "family" of tumor suppressors.

16

Cultural Landscape Report for Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site, Hyde Park, New York. Volume II. Treatment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site is a 211-acre historic site located 70 miles north of New York City in Hyde Park, Dutchess County, New York (Figure 1). Perched on a high terrace overlooking the Hudson River, Vanderbilt Mansion and its estate gro...

J. W. Hammond

2009-01-01

17

VIEW LOOKING WEST, HARDIETYNES IN MIDDLE GROUND, BIRMINGHAM AREA 'MAX' ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

VIEW LOOKING WEST, HARDIE-TYNES IN MIDDLE GROUND, BIRMINGHAM AREA 'MAX' BUS FACILITY IN FOREGROUND. 10TH AVENUE TO THE LEFT, US 280 IN BACKGROUND. - Hardie-Tynes Manufacturing Company, 800 Twenty-eighth Street, North, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL

18

VIEW LOOKING WEST TOWARD BIRMINGHAM CITY CENTER, HARDIETYNES FOUNDRY IN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

VIEW LOOKING WEST TOWARD BIRMINGHAM CITY CENTER, HARDIE-TYNES FOUNDRY IN FOREGROUND, RED MOUNTAIN IN FAR LEFT HORIZON, US 280 RUNNING HORIZONTAL, I20-59 RUNNING VERTICAL. - Hardie-Tynes Manufacturing Company, 800 Twenty-eighth Street, North, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL

19

Analysis of Passenger Movement at Birmingham International Airport  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a novel methodology for the analysis of the data at Birmingham Airport to provide effective and useful information about the dwell-time that passengers have between different points of their visit to the Airport. Birmingham Airport has sensors that anonymously count the number of people passing through crucial access routes, including boarding gates and security points. These sensors

Mario Gongora; Wasiq Ashfaq

20

The changing image of Birmingham libraries: marketing strategy into action  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2002 Birmingham libraries launched a marketing campaign to change their image and introduce a new branding. An integrated approach to strategic planning, performance measurement and marketing techniques enabled the campaign to achieve its objectives. The example of Birmingham libraries illustrates the various stages of a marketing campaign through planning, market research, defining objectives, target groups and messages, media planning,

Brian Gambles; Heike Schuster

2003-01-01

21

AERIAL VIEW LOOKING NORTHWEST ALONG RED MOUNTAIN TOWARD THE BIRMINGHAM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

AERIAL VIEW LOOKING NORTHWEST ALONG RED MOUNTAIN TOWARD THE BIRMINGHAM CITY CENTER WITH U.S. HIGHWAY 280 (BOTTOM LEFT TO CENTER) AND THE HIGHWAY CUT (CENTER RIGHT). - Red Mountain Cut National Natural Landmark, U.S. 280 at Red Mountain, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL

22

INTERIOR VIEW WITH ANNEALING OVEN AND OPERATOR REMOVING EXCESS CORE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR VIEW WITH ANNEALING OVEN AND OPERATOR REMOVING EXCESS CORE SAND PRIOR TO PIPE ENTERING OVEN. - McWane Cast Iron Pipe Company, Pipe Casting Area, 1201 Vanderbilt Road, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL

23

INTERIOR VIEW WITH CASTING MACHINE AND A 4" DUCTILE IRON ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR VIEW WITH CASTING MACHINE AND A 4" DUCTILE IRON PIPE BEING EXTRACTED FROM CASTING MACHINE - McWane Cast Iron Pipe Company, Pipe Casting Area, 1201 Vanderbilt Road, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL

24

INTERIOR VIEW OF CASTING MACHINE WITH 4' DUCTILE IRON PIPE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR VIEW OF CASTING MACHINE WITH 4' DUCTILE IRON PIPE BEING WEIGHED ON SCALES AT CASTING MACHINE. - McWane Cast Iron Pipe Company, Pipe Casting Area, 1201 Vanderbilt Road, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL

25

INTERIOR VIEW WITH CASTING MACHINE COOLING A 20' IRON PIPE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR VIEW WITH CASTING MACHINE COOLING A 20' IRON PIPE PRIOR TO EXTRACTION FROM CASTING MACHINE. - McWane Cast Iron Pipe Company, Pipe Casting Area, 1201 Vanderbilt Road, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL

26

INTERIOR VIEW WITH CASTING MACHINE AND CASTING FOREMAN OBSERVING OPERATION ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR VIEW WITH CASTING MACHINE AND CASTING FOREMAN OBSERVING OPERATION TO ENSURE MAXIMUM PRODUCTION AND QUALITY. - McWane Cast Iron Pipe Company, Pipe Casting Area, 1201 Vanderbilt Road, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL

27

INTERIOR VIEW WITH CONVEYOR CHAIN USED TO TRANSPORT HOT PIPE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR VIEW WITH CONVEYOR CHAIN USED TO TRANSPORT HOT PIPE FROM CASTING MACHINE TO THE ANNEALING OVEN. - McWane Cast Iron Pipe Company, Pipe Casting Area, 1201 Vanderbilt Road, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL

28

INTERIOR VIEW, LOOKING NORTH, WITH CASTING SUPERINTENDENT OVERSEEING TRANSFER OF ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR VIEW, LOOKING NORTH, WITH CASTING SUPERINTENDENT OVERSEEING TRANSFER OF MOLTEN METAL TO A CASTING MACHINE. - McWane Cast Iron Pipe Company, Pipe Casting Area, 1201 Vanderbilt Road, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL

29

INTERIOR VIEW WITH MOLTEN IRON BEING POURED FROM CUPOLA TO ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR VIEW WITH MOLTEN IRON BEING POURED FROM CUPOLA TO A TRANSFER LADLE, AT LEFT, AND CASTING MACHINE, AT RIGHT. - McWane Cast Iron Pipe Company, Pipe Casting Area, 1201 Vanderbilt Road, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL

30

INTERIOR VIEW, LOOKING NORTH, CUPOLA AREA WITH OVERHEAD CRANE USED ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR VIEW, LOOKING NORTH, CUPOLA AREA WITH OVERHEAD CRANE USED TO TRANSFER LARGE LADLES OF IRON FROM ONE LOCATION TO ANOTHER. - McWane Cast Iron Pipe Company, Pipe Casting Area, 1201 Vanderbilt Road, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL

31

Medical delivery systems for the Vanderbilt free-electron laser  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Vanderbilt free electron laser (FEL) operates between 2.0 and 8.0 micrometers with high peak intensities and a pulsed structure. Both the tunability of the FEL and the unique pulse structure make this an attractive tool for surgery. To be used effectively in surgery, one must be concerned with the control and delivery of the laser light from the FEL wiggler to the operating room. Several innovative delivery and monitor systems are being developed in our computer assisted surgical techniques (CAST) program at the FEL. To use the fastest pulse repetition rates and maintain minimal lateral thermal damage, a computer controlled scanning system is used. In the surgical applications of lasers, it is often necessary to know when a laser has penetrated a bone. We are developing a method to detect when the bone has been penetrated by measuring the photo acoustic signal generated by a pulsed laser.

Reinisch, Lou; Mendenhall, Marcus H.; Ossoff, Robert H.

1994-07-01

32

The Vanderbilt University nanoscale science and engineering fabrication laboratory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Vanderbilt University has realized the design and construction of a 1635 sq. ft. Class 10,000 cleanroom facility to support the wide-ranging research mission associated with the Vanderbilt Institute for Nanoscale Science and Engineering (VINSE). By design we have brought together disparate technologies and researchers formerly dispersed across the campus to work together in a small contiguous space intended to foster interaction and synergy of nano-technologies not often found in close proximity. The space hosts a variety of tools for lithographic patterning of substrates, the deposition of thin films, the synthesis of diamond nanostructures and carbon nanotubes, and a variety of reactive ion etchers for the fabrication of nanostructures on silicon substrates. In addition, a separate 911 sq. ft. chemistry laboratory supports nanocrystal synthesis and the investigation of biomolecular films. The design criteria required an integrated space that would support the scientific agenda of the laboratory while satisfying all applicable code and safety concerns. This project required the renovation of pre-existing laboratory space with minimal disruption to ongoing activities in a mixed-use building, while meeting the requirements of the 2000 edition of the International Building Code for the variety of potentially hazardous processes that have been programmed for the space. In this paper we describe how architectural and engineering challenges were met in the areas of mitigating floor vibration issues, shielding our facility against EMI emanations, design of the contamination control facility itself, chemical storage and handling, toxic gas use and management, as well as mechanical, electrical, plumbing, lab security, fire and laboratory safety issues.

Hmelo, Anthony B.; Belbusti, Edward F.; Smith, Mark L.; Brice, Sean J.; Wheaton, Robert F.

2005-08-01

33

75 FR 3695 - Television Broadcasting Services; Birmingham, AL  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...MB Docket No. 10-21; RM-11590] Television Broadcasting Services; Birmingham...rulemaking filed by Alabama Educational Television Commission (``AETC''), the licensee...List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Television, Television broadcasting. For...

2010-01-22

34

75 FR 10692 - Television Broadcasting Services; Birmingham, AL  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...MB Docket No. 10-21; RM-11590] Television Broadcasting Services; Birmingham...rulemaking filed by Alabama Educational Television Commission, the licensee of noncommercial...List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Television, Television broadcasting. 0 For...

2010-03-09

35

Materials Research with the Vanderbilt Free-Electron Laser  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Vanderbilt Free-Electron Laser's (FEL) tunability (2-10=B5m), high intensity (15 MW) and short pulse structure (1 ps) make it ideal for studying (a) the electronic and vibrational structure of small and wide band gap semiconductors, and (b) non-thermal wavelength-selective materials alteration (``Free-Electron Laser Wavelength-Selective Materials Alteration and Photoexcitation Spectroscopy,'' N.H. Tolk, R.G. Albridge, A.V. Barnes, B.M. Barnes, J.L. Davidson, V.D. Gordon, G. Margaritondo, J.T. McKinley, G.A. Mensing, and J. Sturmann, Appl. Surf. Sci. 106, 205-210 (1996).). Two-photon absorption measurements in Ge were the first verification of a two-decades old predictionby Bassani and Hassan that the indirect two-photon absorption in Ge would be an LO-phonon assisted process. The FEL has greatly facilitated internal photoemission (IPE) heterojunction band discontinuity measurements. This technique is a photocurrent excitation spectroscopy that provides a direct measurement of the discontinuity without resorting to complex modeling. Another important area of materials research at the FEL concerns identification of wavelength-selective mechanisms for materials alteration. We have used the FEL to demonstrate strongly wavelength-selective ablation near the C-H stretch vibrational mode in chemical vapor deposited (CVD) diamond.

Tolk, Norman

1997-11-01

36

High school football injuries in Birmingham, Alabama.  

PubMed

To investigate high school football injuries, we analyzed 1,877 injuries (661 game, 1,216 practice) treated from 1976 through 1979 at the Sports Medicine Clinic at the University of Alabama in Birmingham. The common injury types were sprain (32.2%), contusion (24.8%), strain (12.4%), fracture (11.0%), tear (3.8%), dislocation (2.1%), myositis ossificans (1.4%), tendinitis (1.3%), and concussion (1.0%). Position of the player injured was quarterback (8.7%), running back (19.6%), receiver (12.4%), offensive lineman (23.7%), defensive lineman (10.2%), defensive back (9.2%), and linebacker (9.0%). Body areas affected included head/neck (7.6%), shoulder (13.3%), upper arm (1.4%), elbow (3.4%), lower arm (2.0%), wrist (2.9%), hand/fingers (11.9%), chest/ribs (3.4%), back (4.9%), abdomen (0.7%), groin (0.7%), hip (2.4%), upper leg (4.6%), knee (22.2%), lower leg (4.0%), ankle (10.9%), and foot/toes (4.2%). These data are similar to those in previous reports, although subtle differences suggest variations in injury patterns due to rule changes and equipment modification. PMID:6867797

Culpepper, M I; Niemann, K M

1983-07-01

37

AERIAL VIEW OF MC WANE CAST IRON PIPE, LOOKING WEST ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

AERIAL VIEW OF MC WANE CAST IRON PIPE, LOOKING WEST TO BIRMINGHAM CITY CENTER. I-20-59 RUNNING DIAGONALLY FROM RIGHT MIDDLE GROUND. L&N RAILROAD TRACKS IN FOREGROUND. - McWane Cast Iron Pipe, 1201 Vanderbilt Road , Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL

38

Two-Way Bridge Building at Birmingham-Southern.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project Work/Learn at Birmingham Southern College, an attempt to build two-way college/community bridges, is described. Two-way requirements for building college/community bridges include: clear and distinct purposes for persons and institutions, mutual utilization of resources, two-way activity, and two-way management. (MLW)

Berte, Neal R.; Casella, Donald A.

1979-01-01

39

Alabama University Professor's View of the Birmingham Bombing Trial.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents the views of Alabama university scholars regarding the historical significance of the 2001 trial of Thomas Blanton for his role in the Ku Klux Klan bombing of the Sixteenth Street Baptist church in Birmingham, Alabama thet killed four girls. Their discussions note the need to examine the American judicial system, the weak case against…

Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, 2001

2001-01-01

40

Alabama University Professor's View of the Birmingham Bombing Trial.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the views of Alabama university scholars regarding the historical significance of the 2001 trial of Thomas Blanton for his role in the Ku Klux Klan bombing of the Sixteenth Street Baptist church in Birmingham, Alabama thet killed four girls. Their discussions note the need to examine the American judicial system, the weak case against Mr.…

Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, 2001

2001-01-01

41

Profiles of British Muslim Identity: Adolescent Girls in Birmingham  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|By asking students to fill in 10 statements beginning with "I am..." and a further 10 statements beginning with "I am not..." we constructed profiles of British Muslim ethnic and national identity. Participants were 108 British Muslim girls of mean age 12.6 years studying in a single sex girls' school in Birmingham, UK. Using content analysis we…

Hutnik, Nimmi; Street, Rebecca Coran

2010-01-01

42

Back to the Basics: Birmingham, Alabama, Measurement and Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Back to the Basics: Birmingham, Alabama" is the fourth in a series of workshops that focus on teaching foundational map reading and spatial differentiation skills. It is the second published exercise from the Back to the Basics series developed by the Wetland Education through Maps and Aerial Photography (WETMAAP) Program (see "Journal of…

Handley, Lawrence R.; Lockwood, Catherine M.; Handley, Nathan

2005-01-01

43

Natural Resource Condition Assessment for the Roosevelt-Vanderbilt National Historic Sites (ROVA).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Roosevelt-Vanderbilt National Historic Sites (ROVA) includes over 1,100 acres along the east bank of the Hudson River. The parks are located in Dutchess County, NY, north of Poughkeepsie, along the east bank of the Hudson River. The Home of Franklin D...

C. A. Cole C. P. Ferreri L. Gorenflo M. C. Brittingham R. Wagner

2012-01-01

44

Vanderbilt study finds eating cruciferous vegetables may improve breast cancer survival  

Cancer.gov

A study by Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center and Shanghai Center for Disease Control and Prevention investigators reveals that breast cancer survivors who eat more cruciferous vegetables may have improved survival. The study of women in China was presented at the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting in Chicago.

45

Vanderbilt Mansion: A Gilded-Age Country Place. Historic Resource Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

When the Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site was designated by the Secretary of the Interior on December 18, 1940, President Franklin D. Roosevelt hoped to see the grounds set aside as an arboretum for public enjoyment. He believed the estate would ...

H. E. Foulds M. Berger N. Gray P. Albee P. Herrick

2008-01-01

46

MyHealthAtVanderbilt: policies and procedures governing patient portal functionality.  

PubMed

Explicit guidelines are needed to develop safe and effective patient portals. This paper proposes general principles, policies, and procedures for patient portal functionality based on MyHealthAtVanderbilt (MHAV), a robust portal for Vanderbilt University Medical Center. We describe policies and procedures designed to govern popular portal functions, address common user concerns, and support adoption. We present the results of our approach as overall and function-specific usage data. Five years after implementation, MHAV has over 129,800 users; 45% have used bi-directional messaging; 52% have viewed test results and 45% have viewed other medical record data; 30% have accessed health education materials; 39% have scheduled appointments; and 29% have managed a medical bill. Our policies and procedures have supported widespread adoption and use of MHAV. We believe other healthcare organizations could employ our general guidelines and lessons learned to facilitate portal implementation and usage. PMID:21807648

Osborn, Chandra Y; Rosenbloom, S Trent; Stenner, Shane P; Anders, Shilo; Muse, Sue; Johnson, Kevin B; Jirjis, Jim; Jackson, Gretchen Purcell

2011-07-31

47

Pilot internship program on radioactive waste at Vanderbilt University: Progress report, September 1, 1987 to August 31, 1988  

SciTech Connect

The fourth year of the program began with the selection of the new interns. Mailings were sent to prospective graduate students and rising juniors at Vanderbilt University with grade point averages of 3.0 or better (out of 4.0) advertising the availability of internships in radioactive waste disposal. New interns were selected. All of the interns selected in the fourth year chose to return to Vanderbilt after their field assignment.

Not Available

1988-01-01

48

Technical scale and high-level detail: Vanderbilt's award-winning Eskind Biomedical Library.  

PubMed Central

With its opening in March 1994, the Annette and Irwin Eskind Biomedical Library at Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee, launched a new era at the university's medical center. The new building is the culmination of much effort, involving the time and talents of many dedicated individuals. Because of its advanced technological features and its modernistic design, the building might be regarded as a model library for the twenty-first century. Images

Hodges, T M

1995-01-01

49

Socioeconomic impact of Birmingham hip resurfacing on patient employment after ten years  

Microsoft Academic Search

Birmingham hip resurfacing is an attractive option for treatment of arthritis in young and active patients. The aim of this\\u000a study was to assess the socio-economic impact of Birmingham hip resurfacing on their employment and work intensity at ten\\u000a years. A cohort of 90 consecutive patients with 100 Birmingham hip resurfacing, performed by single surgeon, were reviewed\\u000a prospectively. The mean

Ibrahim A. Malek; Munawar Hashmi; James P. Holland

50

Building learning communities: evolution of the colleges at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine.  

PubMed

Learning communities, which are an emerging trend in medical education, create a foundation for professional and academic development through the establishment of longitudinal relationships between students and faculty. In this article, the authors describe the robust learning community system at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, which encompasses wellness, career planning, professional development, and academics.The Vanderbilt Advisory Colleges Program introduced in 2006 initially focused on two goals: promoting wellness and providing career advising. In the 2011-2012 academic year, the focus of the colleges expanded to incorporate an enhanced level of personal career advising and an academic component. In the four-year College Colloquium course, faculty selected as college mentors teach the medical humanities and lead sessions dedicated to student professional development in the areas of leadership, research, and service-learning. This academic and professional development program builds on the existing strengths of the colleges and has transformed the colleges into learning communities.The authors reflect on lessons learned and discuss future plans. They report that internal data and data from the Association of American Medical Colleges Medical School Graduation Questionnaire support consistently high and increasing satisfaction among Vanderbilt medical students, across the metrics of personal counseling, faculty mentoring, and career planning. PMID:23887019

Fleming, Amy; Cutrer, William; Moutsios, Sandi; Heavrin, Benjamin; Pilla, Michael; Eichbaum, Quentin; Rodgers, Scott

2013-09-01

51

The University of Birmingham - Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Birmingham introduces the goal of its department of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences' (GEES) research to link climate, hydrology, geomorphology, and ecology studies in order to build integrated models of fluvial systems. Users can find ample information about the goals and significance in its many projects which include riparian hydroecology, hydrology of cold environments, hydrogeomorphology, and channel sedimentation dynamics. Most of the materials contain an abundance of links to help users fully understand the Earth Surface Systems research. Along with the research of the staff, the site supplies introductions to many of the PhD research students' work.

52

Referral to medical outpatients department at teaching hospitals in Birmingham and Amsterdam  

Microsoft Academic Search

A method of comparing the referral of patients by general practitioners to medical outpatients departments at teaching hospitals in Amsterdam and Birmingham was devised. This was applied to 89 referral letters to medical specialists at the Free University Medical School Policlinic in Amsterdam and to 88 referral letters to clinics at Birmingham University Medical School, UK. The standards of referral

R F Westerman

1986-01-01

53

MORAL REGENERATION: WOMEN AND THE CIVIC GOSPEL IN BIRMINGHAM, 1870-19141  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the mid to late Victorian period, the city of Birmingham was believed to be a model of forward-looking, radical and effective local government. Led by Liberal Nonconformists, Birmingham achieved municipal gas and water, slum clearance, art galleries, museums, libraries, a new university and its own bishopric; reforms which historians have characterised as 'gas and water' socialism.2 These improvements were

PAULA BAFSLEY

54

The Library of Birmingham Project: Lifelong Learning for the Digital Age  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Library of Birmingham (LoB) is a 193 million British pounds project designed to provide a new space for lifelong learning and knowledge growth, a physical and virtual portal for Birmingham's citizens to the wider world. In cooperation with a range of private, public, and third-sector bodies, as well as individual citizens, the library, due to…

Blewitt, John; Gambles, Brian

2010-01-01

55

Building global health through a center-without-walls: the Vanderbilt Institute for Global Health.  

PubMed

The Institute for Global Health at Vanderbilt enables the expansion and coordination of global health research, service, and training, reflecting the university's commitment to improve health services and outcomes in resource-limited settings. Global health encompasses both prevention via public health and treatment via medical care, all nested within a broader community-development context. This has fostered university-wide collaborations to address education, business/economics, engineering, nursing, and language training, among others. The institute is a natural facilitator for team building and has been especially helpful in organizing institutional responses to global health solicitations from the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Centers for Disease Control (CDC), and other funding agencies. This center-without-walls philosophy nurtures noncompetitive partnerships among and within departments and schools. With extramural support from the NIH and from endowment and developmental investments from the school of medicine, the institute funds new pilot projects to nurture global educational and research exchanges related to health and development. Vanderbilt's newest programs are a CDC-supported HIV/AIDS service initiative in Africa and an overseas research training program for health science graduate students and clinical fellows. New opportunities are available for Vanderbilt students, staff, and faculty to work abroad in partnership with international health projects through a number of Tennessee institutions now networked with the institute. A center-without-walls may be a model for institutions contemplating strategic investments to better organize service and teaching opportunities abroad, and to achieve greater successes in leveraging extramural support for overseas and domestic work focused on tropical medicine and global health. PMID:18303361

Vermund, Sten H; Sahasrabuddhe, Vikrant V; Khedkar, Sheetal; Jia, Yujiang; Etherington, Carol; Vergara, Alfredo

2008-02-01

56

Building Global Health Through a Center-Without-Walls: The Vanderbilt Institute for Global Health  

PubMed Central

The Institute for Global Health at Vanderbilt enables the expansion and coordination of global health research, service, and training, reflecting the university's commitment to improve health services and outcomes in resource-limited settings. Global health encompasses both prevention via public health and treatment via medical care, all nested within a broader community-development context. This has fostered university-wide collaborations to address education, business/economics, engineering, nursing, and language training, among others. The institute is a natural facilitator for team building and has been especially helpful in organizing institutional responses to global health solicitations from the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Centers for Disease Control (CDC), and other funding agencies. This center-without-walls philosophy nurtures noncompetitive partnerships among and within departments and schools. With extramural support from the NIH and from endowment and developmental investments from the school of medicine, the institute funds new pilot projects to nurture global educational and research exchanges related to health and development. Vanderbilt's newest programs are a CDC-supported HIV/AIDS service initiative in Africa and an overseas research training program for health science graduate students and clinical fellows. New opportunities are available for Vanderbilt students, staff, and faculty to work abroad in partnership with international health projects through a number of Tennessee institutions now networked with the institute. A center-without-walls may be a model for institutions contemplating strategic investments to better organize service and teaching opportunities abroad, and to achieve greater successes in leveraging extramural support for overseas and domestic work focused on tropical medicine and global health.

Vermund, Sten H.; Sahasrabuddhe, Vikrant V.; Khedkar, Sheetal; Jia, Yujiang; Etherington, Carol; Vergara, Alfredo

2008-01-01

57

Road Pricing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Road pricing, sometimes called congestion pricing or value pricing, aims to apportion scarce road space by market pricing rather than queuing. As increasing population densities in growing metropolitan areas press on available resources, pricing has been ...

2004-01-01

58

Fish assemblage responses to urban intensity gradients in contrasting metropolitan areas: Birmingham, Alabama and Boston, Massachusetts  

USGS Publications Warehouse

We examined fish assemblage responses to urban intensify gradients in two contrasting metropolitan areas: Birmingham, Alabama (BIR) and Boston, Massachusetts (BOS). Urbanization was quantified by using an urban intensity index (UII) that included multiple stream buffers and basin land uses, human population density, and road density variables. We evaluated fish assemblage responses by using species richness metrics and detrended correspondence analyses (DCA). Fish species richness metrics included total fish species richness, and percentages of endemic species richness, alien species, and fluvial specialist species. Fish species richness decreased significantly with increasing urbanization in BIR (r = -0.82, P = 0.001) and BOS (r = -0.48, P = 0.008). Percentages of endemic species richness decreased significantly with increasing urbanization only in BIR (r = - 0.71, P = 0.001), whereas percentages of fluvial specialist species decreased significantly with increasing urbanization only in BOS (r = -0.56, P = 0.002). Our DCA results for BIR indicate that highly urbanized fish assemblages are composed primarily of largescale stoneroller Campostoma oligolepis, largemouth bass Micropterus salmoides, and creek chub Semotilus atromaculatus, whereas the highly urbanized fish assemblages in BOS are dominated by yellow perch Perca flavescens, bluegill Lefomis macrochirus, yellow bullhead Ameiurus natalis, largemouth bass, pumpkinseed L. gibbosus, brown bullhead A. nebulosus, and redfin pickerel Esox americanus. Differences in fish assemblage responses to urbanization between the two areas appear to be related to differences in nutrient enrichment, habitat alterations, and invasive species. Because species richness can increase or decrease with increasing urbanization, a general response model is not applicable. Instead, response models based on species' life histories, behavior, and autecologies offer greater potential for understanding fish assemblage responses to urbanization. ?? 2005 by the American Fisheries Society.

Meador, M. R.; Coles, J. F.; Zappia, H.

2005-01-01

59

Equal Employment Opportunity: EEOC (Equal Employment Opportunity Commission) Birmingham Office Closed Discrimination Charges Without Full Investigation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) is responsible for enforcing federal laws that guarantee every American's right to be free from employment discrimination. In September 1985, staff of EEOC's Birmingham, Alabama, district office to meet t...

1987-01-01

60

Optimizing Project Administrative Workflow with Formstack, Sharepoint, and Vanderbilt CORES Software  

PubMed Central

Tracking administrative workflow for Core projects is a difficult task. Cores are increasingly required to provide metrics demonstrating productivity, scope of projects, and success rates, yet scientific staff members do not have sufficient access or bandwidth to produce this type of broad spectrum data easily. In an effort to reduce redundancy, automate recurrent tasks and minimize staff labor, the Vanderbilt High Throughput Screening (HTS) Facility has combined readily available web-based software with institutional CORE software. The HTS Facility is striving toward a goal of having common sets of metrics available, as needed, to communicate the institutional impact of the Core to senior leadership and funding agencies. These administrative workflow improvements also increase effective and efficient communication in daily project administration and minimized required labor from scientific staff.

Vinson, Paige; Wright, Lisa

2013-01-01

61

Vanderbilt develops new method that may allow personalized clinical trial for cancer therapies  

Cancer.gov

A new tool to observe cell behavior has revealed surprising clues about how cancer cells respond to therapy – and may offer a way to further refine personalized cancer treatments. The approach, developed by investigators at Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, shows that erlotinib – a targeted therapy that acts on a growth factor receptor mutated in some lung, brain and other cancers – doesn’t simply kill tumor cells as was previously assumed. The drug also causes some tumor cells to go into a non-dividing (quiescent) state or to slow down their rate of division. This variability in cell response to the drug may be involved in cancer recurrence and drug resistance, the authors suggest.

62

Cereal aversion in behaviourally resistant house mice in Birmingham, UK.  

PubMed

In 1986, house mice in a small defined area of inner Birmingham were reported as not taking a variety of rodenticides from bait containers, a phenomenon labelled 'behavioural resistance'. This study investigated behavioural resistance by comparing the food preferences of West Midlands behaviourally resistant (WMBR) mice with those of normal (BC) mice. Nine bait boxes each containing one of nine different foods (cheese, chicken, tuna fish, peanut butter, canary seed, Cat stars, wheat, PCD (MOD) pellets and Non-tox) were introduced to 12 WMBR and seven BC sites (Experiment 1). The experiment was repeated in the laboratory with six pens of WMBR and six of BC mice (Experiment 2), and to investigate whether the preferences had a genetic basis the offspring were similarly assayed (Experiment 3). In each experiment the consumption of each food was measured over 7 days and the droppings around the bait boxes were counted to assess mouse activity. Food neophobia was noted in some populations of BC mice. Tested in the wild and in the laboratory WMBR mice showed an aversion to foods containing cereals, as did their offspring. These results, with other lines of evidence, strongly suggest that cereal aversion in WMBR mice has a physiological/genetic basis. Since cereal aversion allows WMBR mice to survive cereal-based rodenticidal baits, we conclude that WMBR mice have genetically based behaviours that allow them to survive poisoning regimes that kill other strains. PMID:10700630

Humphries; Sibly; Meehan

2000-03-01

63

Road Rage  

PubMed Central

Up to one-third of community participants report being perpetrators of road rage, indicating that various forms of road rage are relatively commonplace. However, only two percent or less of incidents culminate in serious damage to persons or vehicles. The most common offenders appear to be young and male. A number of factors may contribute to road rage, including environmental factors (e.g., greater number of miles driven per day, traffic density), nonspecific psychological factors (e.g., displaced aggression, attribution of blame to others), and bona fide Axis I and II disorders. The most common Axis I disorders appear to be related to alcohol and substance misuse, whereas possible Axis II disorders include borderline and antisocial personality disorders. Being aware of these contributory factors to road rage may improve general clinical awareness of the nature and treatment of perpetrators.

Sansone, Lori A.

2010-01-01

64

INTERIOR VIEW WITH ANNEALING OVEN AND OPERATOR ENSURING THAT ALL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR VIEW WITH ANNEALING OVEN AND OPERATOR ENSURING THAT ALL ENTERING PIPE IS STRAIGHT AND THAT THE CORE HAS BEEN REMOVED FROM THE BELL END OF EACH PIPE - McWane Cast Iron Pipe Company, Pipe Casting Area, 1201 Vanderbilt Road, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL

65

INTERIOR VIEW, LOOKING NORTH, CUPOLA AREA WITH MOLTEN METAL BEING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR VIEW, LOOKING NORTH, CUPOLA AREA WITH MOLTEN METAL BEING POURED OUT OF THE CUPOLA INTO THE POURING LADLE. FROM THE POURING LADLE, THE IRON IS LATER POURED INTO A TRANSFER LADLE FOR TRANSPORT TO THE CASTING MACHINES. - McWane Cast Iron Pipe Company, Pipe Casting Area, 1201 Vanderbilt Road, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL

66

INTERIOR VIEW, LOOKING NORTH, TOWARDS CUPOLA WHERE SCRAP METAL AND ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

INTERIOR VIEW, LOOKING NORTH, TOWARDS CUPOLA WHERE SCRAP METAL AND OTHER COMPONENTS ARE MELTED TO CREATE DUCTILE IRON. BRIGHT FLASH IN BACKGROUND RESULTS FROM MOLTEN METAL (DUCTILE IRON) BEING POURED FROM CUPOLA INTO TRANSFER LADLE - McWane Cast Iron Pipe Company, Pipe Casting Area, 1201 Vanderbilt Road, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL

67

Developing an Ongoing Collaboration between Metropolitan Nashville-Davidson County Health Department and Vanderbilt University Medical Center Clinicians. Abstract, Executive Summary and Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This project was a collaboration between the Metropolitan Nashville/Davidson County Health Department and Vanderbilt University Medical Center Clinicians. The goal was to begin bridging the gap between community practitioners, academia and public health i...

P. A. Chapdelaine

1998-01-01

68

Production of tunable monochromatic x rays by the Vanderbilt free-electron laser  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sustained/long duration X-ray output has been demonstrated emanating from the monochromatic X-ray beamline of the Vanderbilt Free-Electron Laser. Tunable, pulsed monochromatic X-rays ranging in energy from 14 - 18 keV are produced by inverse Compton scattering created by the counter propagation of the FEL e-beam and its own infrared beam. These beams are focused and optimized at an interaction zone between the linac and the wiggler where they are brought into coalignment. The X-rays produced exit the beamline through a beryllium window and are directed onto mosaic crystals which divert the beam to an imaging laboratory on the floor above the vault. The initial application of these X-rays is directed toward human imaging, specifically for the diagnosis of breast diseases including cancer. The characteristics of the X-rays are such that they can be used in standard geometry monochromatic imaging, CT like images of the breast using a rotating mosaic crystal 'optic,' time-of-flight imaging and phase contrast images. Eventual extension to other portions of the body, cell biology and material sciences are already anticipated.

Carroll, Frank E.; Waters, James W.; Traeger, Robert H.; Mendenhall, Marcus H.; Clark, Weiwei; Brau, Charles A.

1999-07-01

69

W.M. Keck-Vanderbilt Free-Electron Laser Center facilities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The W.M. Keck-Vanderbilt Free-electron Laser Center operates a reliable free-electron laser (FEL) that is used in human surgical trials, as well as in basic and applied sciences. The wavelength of the FEL is tunable from 2.1 micrometers to 9.6 micrometers , delivering above 50 mJ per macropulse with a repetition rate of 30 Hz. For soft tissue surgery, especially neurosurgery and surgery on the optic nerve, a wavelength of 6.45 micrometers has been found to ablate with little collateral damage. The free-electron laser beam is delivered to experiments approximately 2000 hours each year. The Center also supports several other tools useful for biomedical experiments: an optical parametric generator laser system with tunable wavelength similar to the free- electron laser except it has much lower average power; a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer to characterize samples; several devices for in vivo imaging including an optical coherence tomography setup, a two-photon fluorescent confocal microscope, and a cooled, integrating camera capable of imaging luciferin-luciferase reactions within the body of a mouse. The Center also houses a tunable, monochromatic x-ray source based on Compton backscattering of a laser off of a relativistic electron beam.

Gabella, William E.; Feng, Bibo; Kozub, John A.; Piston, David W.

2002-04-01

70

A comprehensive medical student wellness program--design and implementation at Vanderbilt School of Medicine.  

PubMed

Research suggests that student burnout and mental illness are increasing in U.S. medical schools. In response, students and administrators developed the Vanderbilt Medical Student (VMS) Wellness Program to promote student health and well-being through coordination of many new and existing resources. This program consists of three core components: The Advisory College Program, The Student Wellness Committee, and VMS LIVE. Each of the core components includes separate and unique individual programs, but each of these three components collaborates with the other two to accomplish the broad wellness goal of maximizing student health, happiness, and potential. The VMS Wellness Program has had early success with substantial growth and outstanding student buy-in since its inception in 2005. Preliminary data indicate that nearly every student has participated in at least two components of the VMS Wellness Program. In addition to participation, student response has been highly satisfactory, as evidenced by their positive feedback. The VMS Wellness Program is the first published model of a comprehensive medical student wellness initiative. The development and design of the program described in this article may serve as a framework for other institutions. PMID:20042835

Drolet, Brian C; Rodgers, Scott

2010-01-01

71

A Plan of Organization, Administration, and Elements of Finance for Vocational-Technical Adult Education, Birmingham City School System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed to help formulate a plan of organization and administration for vocational and technical education and adult education in the Birmingham, Alabama, city schools, this study entailed an extensive literature review on vocational education and administrative matters; a historical review of several Birmingham schools (Paul Hayne School,…

Shelton, John Alton

72

Celtic Roads  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Building upon lessons learned is relevant to art and life. As an art teacher dealing with teens, the author tries to give her students an understanding of art as a window to the "big picture" as well as a practical, relevant skill. She developed this lesson plan, "Celtic Roads," with that objective in mind. The success rate is high, the product…

Kinney, Jan

2009-01-01

73

Celtic Roads  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building upon lessons learned is relevant to art and life. As an art teacher dealing with teens, the author tries to give her students an understanding of art as a window to the "big picture" as well as a practical, relevant skill. She developed this lesson plan, "Celtic Roads," with that objective in mind. The success rate is high, the product is…

Kinney, Jan

2009-01-01

74

Road socialism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Road socialists maintain that government is the best manager for the nation's vehicular transportation arteries. Contrary to their views, the present author maintains that the managerial role can best be fulfilled by private entrepreneurs. Under highway privatization, he claims, traffic fatalities and automobile congestion will be sharply reduced.

Walter Block

1996-01-01

75

Hail ambiguous St Patrick: sounds of Ireland on parade in Birmingham  

Microsoft Academic Search

Birmingham's St Patrick's Day parade claims to be the largest of such events in the UK and the third best attended in the world. Despite resorting to universal advertising proclamations that for one day ‘everyone is a little bit Irish’, this annual march continues to foster the unique musical character of the local diaspora; a metanarrative for the wider, fractious

Angela Moran

2012-01-01

76

Bringing "The Watsons Go to Birmingham, 1963" to the Middle School Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that Christopher Paul Curtis' 1996 book, "The Watsons Go to Birmingham, 1963," lends itself to a variety of instructional strategies and classroom uses for grades 5-8. Offers a brief synopsis of the book; notes positive teacher and student reactions; offers ideas for incorporating the book into content areas; discusses assessment; and…

George, Marshall; Comer, Melissa

1999-01-01

77

"I May Be Crackin', But Um Fackin": Racial Humor in "The Watsons Go To Birmingham--1963"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the utilization of racial humor in Christopher Paul Curtis' novel, "The Watsons Go To Birmingham--1963." The theoretical perspectives that inform the analysis include critical race theory and humor theory. The results of the analysis reveal that the use of humor in this book is influenced to a significant degree by race and…

McNair, Jonda C.

2008-01-01

78

Regional ozone and urban plumes in the southeastern United States: Birmingham, a case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aircraft measurements of ozone and the oxides of nitrogen have characterized the horizontal and vertical extent of the urban plume downwind of Birmingham, Alabama. Derived NOx emission rate estimates of 0.6×1025 molecules s-1, with an uncertainty of a factor of 2, for this metropolitan area are in reasonable accord with the 1985 National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program inventory, which gives

B. A. Ridley; M. P. Buhr; G. Kok; J. Walega; G. Hübler; D. D. Parrish; F. C. Fehsenfeld

1995-01-01

79

Flux Degasser on an Aluminium Bale-out Furnace. A Demonstration at Diecastings Ltd. (Birmingham).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A new method of cleaning and removing hydrogen from liquid aluminium has been adopted in a sand foundry at Diecastings Ltd. in Birmingham. The new process overcomes problems preventing the fast removal of hydrogen from the molten metal and reduces treatme...

1985-01-01

80

Developing and marketing patent information services to small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in Birmingham, UK  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Patent Information Service of Birmingham Central Library was re-assessed in the light of changing customer requirements and new opportunities to better meet those needs. A substantial funding injection enabled research to be carried out and the results put into practice, e.g., in expanding the range of services – with particular emphasis on helping small and medium enterprise (SME) businesses,

Claire Bell

2000-01-01

81

Characterization of Ambient Coarse Particulate Matter in Birmingham, AL Using a Network of Passive Samplers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The US EPA is evaluating the UNC passive sampler as a tool for measuring ambient concentrations of coarse (aerodynamic diameters between 2.5 and 10 µm) particulate matter (PM) and for identifying and characterizing PM sources. In spring 2008, the US EPA monitored coarse PM at 11 sites in the Birmingham metropolitan area using collocated active and passive samplers. Sites were

B. Willis; R. Vanderpool; R. Murdoch; R. Long; B. Grover; T. Peters

2008-01-01

82

VILAYATI BOLLYWOOD: POPULAR HINDI CINEMA GOING AND DIASPORIC SOUTH ASIAN IDENTITY IN BIRMINGHAM (UK)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing on theoretical developments in the studies of Black British diasporas, combining textual analysis with extended qualitative interviews, and focusing on the citizenry of British South Asians in Birmingham, this paper offers an account of the history of the emer- gence, fall, and rise again of Bollywod cinema-going in the city as a cultural and leisure activity. This article argues

RAJINDER KUMAR

2002-01-01

83

The Work of Teachers and Others in and around a Birmingham Slum School 1891-1920  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The "Floodgate Street area" was a notorious slum district in the city of Birmingham in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. This article presents a case study, drawing on the rich archival sources available for this area, to examine the language that local authority and voluntary workers used to describe the local area, and their…

Wright, Susannah

2009-01-01

84

Title IX and Retaliation: The Impact of "Jackson v. Birmingham Board of Education" on Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 2005, the United States Supreme Court rendered a closely divided opinion that extends the protections against discrimination provided by Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 to include a private cause of action for retaliation in "Jackson v. Birmingham Board of Education." Therefore, "whistleblowers," or employees who report allegedly…

Melear, Kerry Brian

2007-01-01

85

Initiation of a Nuclear Research Program at Fisk University in Cooperation with the Nuclear Physics Group at Vanderbilt University, August 15, 1997 - January 14, 2000  

SciTech Connect

Carrying a spirit of a long history of cooperation in physics education and research between Fisk University and Vanderbilt University, the Nuclear Research Program in the Department of Physics at Fisk University was proposed in 1996 in cooperation with the Nuclear Physics Group at Vanderbilt University. An initial NRP program was commissioned in 1997 with the financial support from DOE. The program offers a great opportunity for students and faculty at Fisk University to directly access experimental nuclear data and analyzing facilities within the Nuclear Physics Group at Vanderbilt University for a quick start. During the program Fisk Faculty and students (along with the colleagues at Vanderbilt University) have achieved progress in a few areas. We have (a) established an in-house nuclear data processing and analysis program at Fisk University, (b) conducted hands-on nuclear physics experiments for a Fisk undergraduate student at Vanderbilt University, (c) participated in the UNIRIB research with radioactive ion beam and Recoil Mass Spectrometer at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and (d) studied {sup 252}Cf spontaneous fission and in-beam nuclear reactions for exotic nuclei. Additionally, this work has produced publication in conference proceedings as well as referred journals. [2-7].

Collins, W.E.; Hamilton, J.H.

2002-10-01

86

Village Creek: An Architectural and Historical Resources Survey of the Village Creek Project Neighborhoods, City of Birmingham, Jefferson County, Alabama.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A cultural resources survey conducted by the Birmingham Historical Society from April to June 1984 recorded 651 domestic dwellings and other structures in selected sections of the flood plain of Village Creek, a small tributary of the Black Warrior River ...

C. L. Hudgins M. L. White

1984-01-01

87

78 FR 47778 - Verizon Business Networks Services, Inc. Senior Analysts-Sales Impletmentation (SA-SI) Birmingham...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Analysts-Sales Impletmentation (SA-SI) Birmingham, Alabama; Verizon Business...Analysts-Sales Impletmentation (SA-SI) Service Program Delivery Division San...Analysts-Sales Impletmentation (SA-SI) Alpharetta, Georgia: Amended...

2013-08-06

88

Health Hazard Evaluation Report HETA 91-213-2123, G. T. Jones Tire and Battery Distributing Inc., Birmingham, Alabama.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In response to a request for technical assistance from the Alabama Health Department, possible hazardous working conditions at the G.T. Jones Tire and Battery Distributing Company (SIC-5093), Birmingham, Alabama were evaluated. The company employed 15 per...

J. Gittleman P. Estacio D. O'Brien M. Montopoli

1991-01-01

89

Race, consanguinity and social features in Birmingham babies: a basis for prospective study  

Microsoft Academic Search

STUDY OBJECTIVE--The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of consanguinity on children's health. DESIGN--The study is a prospective survey from birth to five years of a cohort of babies born in a multiracial community. This report details the initial findings on consanguinity. SETTING--Participating families live predominantly in three health districts of Birmingham, and were recruited in three

S Bundey; H Alam; A Kaur; S Mir; R J Lancashire

1990-01-01

90

Ethnic Minority Enterprise in its Urban Context: South Asian Restuarants in Birmingham  

Microsoft Academic Search

The embeddedness of ethnic minority business activity is widely accepted, as researchers increasingly eschew ethno-culturalist explanations of the phenomenon. However, despite the importance of urban processes, studies of ethnic minority enterprise are often 'spaceless'. This article uses Rekers and van Kempen's urban spatial framework to assess the experiences of South Asian owners in Birmingham's restaurant industry. One taken-for-granted but evidently

Monder Ram; Trevor Jones; Tahir Abbas; Balihar Sanghera

2002-01-01

91

Daily hospital respiratory admissions and winter air mass types, Birmingham, UK  

Microsoft Academic Search

A synoptic climatological approach is used to investigate linkages between air mass types (weather situations), the daily\\u000a mean particulate matter with a size of 10 µm or less (PM10) concentrations and all respiratory hospital admissions for the\\u000a Birmingham area, UK. Study results show distinct differential responses of respiratory admission rates to the six winter air\\u000a mass types identified. Two of the

G. R. McGregor; S. Walters; J. Wordley

1999-01-01

92

SWITCH in Birmingham, UK: experimental investigation of the ecological and hydrological performance of extensive green roofs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper summarises research based in the city of Birmingham, UK, into the ecological and hydrological performance of extensive\\u000a green roofs designed to act as mitigation for the loss of brownfield habitat. It focuses particularly on possible trade-offs\\u000a between design elements that maximise biodiversity potential, and design elements that maximise rainfall run-off management\\u000a potential.

Adam J. Bates; Rae Mackay; Richard B. Greswell; Jon P. Sadler

2009-01-01

93

Review of the fetal radiation doses received from {sup 59}Fe kinetic studies at Vanderbilt University in the 1940`S  

SciTech Connect

Fetal radiation dose estimates were calculated for women who received oral administrations of {sup 59}Fe at Vanderbilt University in the 1940`s. A similar dosimetry analysis was performed by Dyer and Brill in 1972; the availability of recently developed physical models of the pregnant female at different stages of gestation and of a new kinetic model for iron metabolism afforded an opportunity to re-evaluate these doses. Radiation dose estimates for the fetus (and fetal liver in three cases) were calculated for a number of oral and intravenous studies using these new models and the available data about the original experiments. The total fetal doses do not appear to have exceeded a few hundred microgray (a few tens of millirad) for the majority of the study subjects. Considerable uncertainty exists, however, in the amount of activity administered to these subjects. 16 refs., 4 figs., 6 tabs.

Stabin, M.G. [Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education, TN (United States); Stubbs, J.B. [Radiation Dosimetry Systems, Inc., Knoxville, TN (United States); Russell, J.R. [Jacobs Engineering Group, Washington, DC (United States)

1997-05-01

94

Installation restoration program: UST removal report. 117th Refueling Wing, Alabama Air National Guard, Birmingham Airport, Birmingham, Alabama and 226th Combat Information Systems Group, Martin Air National Guard Station, Gadsden Airport, Gadsden, Alabama. Volume I. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Installation Restoration Program was initiated by the Air National Guard (ANG) to evaluate potential contamination to the environment caused by past practices at its installations. During the 1987 Preliminary Assessment (PA), ten abandoned underground storage tanks (USTs) were identified at nine sites. During the 1991 Site Investigation, surveys found four USTs at four sites and none at the other sites. The UST at Gadsden was removed in November 1989. Three USTs were removed at Birmingham in January 1991. Remaining soil was below Alabama Department of Environmental Management`s (ADEM) corrective action limit of 100 ppm total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) for the Gadsden UST and UST 380 at Birmingham. For USTs 120 and 130 at Birmingham, remaining soil was above ADEM`s corrective action limit, but believed to be limited to soils immediately adjacent to the tank pits. The report recommends no further action be taken at any of the UST sites.

NONE

1997-01-01

95

Installation restoration program: UST removal report. 117th Refueling Wing, Alabama Air National Guard, Birmingham Airport, Birmingham, Alabama and 226th Combat Information Systems Group, Martin Air National Guard Station, Gadsden Airport, Gadsden, Alabama. Volume II. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Installation Restoration Program was initiated by the Air National Guard (ANG) to evaluate potential contamination to the environment caused by past practices at its installations. During the 1987 Preliminary Assessment (PA), ten abandoned underground storage tanks (USTs) were identified at nine sites. During the 1991 Site Investigation, surveys found four USTs at four sites and none at the other sites. The UST at Gadsden was removed in November 1989. Three USTs were removed at Birmingham in January 1991. Remaining soil was below Alabama Department of Environmental Management`s (ADEM) corrective action limit of 100 ppm total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) for the Gadsden UST and UST 380 at Birmingham. For USTs 120 and 130 at Birmingham, remaining soil was above ADEM`s corrective action limit, but believed to be limited to soils immediately adjacent to the tank pits. The report recommends no further action be taken at any of the UST sites.

NONE

1997-01-01

96

Healthy Roads Media  

MedlinePLUS

... Content Sources Contact Us Welcome to Healthy Roads Media A source of quality health information in many ... all free web materials currently available. Healthy Roads Media provides these materials for educational use only . They ...

97

The Vanderbilt Expertise Test reveals domain-general and domain-specific sex effects in object recognition.  

PubMed

Individual differences in face recognition are often contrasted with differences in object recognition using a single object category. Likewise, individual differences in perceptual expertise for a given object domain have typically been measured relative to only a single category baseline. In Experiment 1, we present a new test of object recognition, the Vanderbilt Expertise Test (VET), which is comparable in methods to the Cambridge Face Memory Task (CFMT) but uses eight different object categories. Principal component analysis reveals that the underlying structure of the VET can be largely explained by two independent factors, which demonstrate good reliability and capture interesting sex differences inherent in the VET structure. In Experiment 2, we show how the VET can be used to separate domain-specific from domain-general contributions to a standard measure of perceptual expertise. While domain-specific contributions are found for car matching for both men and women and for plane matching in men, women in this sample appear to use more domain-general strategies to match planes. In Experiment 3, we use the VET to demonstrate that holistic processing of faces predicts face recognition independently of general object recognition ability, which has a sex-specific contribution to face recognition. Overall, the results suggest that the VET is a reliable and valid measure of object recognition abilities and can measure both domain-general skills and domain-specific expertise, which were both found to depend on the sex of observers. PMID:22877929

McGugin, Rankin W; Richler, Jennifer J; Herzmann, Grit; Speegle, Magen; Gauthier, Isabel

2012-08-02

98

Building Bridges to Diversity in Graduate Physics & Astronomy: The Fisk-Vanderbilt Masters-to-PhD Bridge Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe the Fisk-Vanderbilt Masters-to-PhD Bridge program as a successful model for effective partnerships with minority-serving institutions toward significantly broadening the participation of underrepresented groups in the physical sciences. The program couples targeted recruitment with active retention strategies, and is built upon a clearly defined structure that is flexible enough to address individual student needs while maintaining clearly communicated baseline standards for student performance. A key precept of the program’s philosophy is to eliminate passivity in student mentoring; students are deliberately groomed to successfully transition into the PhD program through active involvement in research experiences with future PhD advisers, coursework that demonstrates competency in core PhD subject areas, and frequent interactions with joint mentoring committees. This approach allows student progress and performance to be monitored and evaluated in a more holistic manner than usually afforded by limited metrics such as standardized tests. Since its inception in 2004, the program has attracted a total of 18 underrepresented students, with a retention rate of 90%. Recent research indicates that minority students are nearly twice as likely as non-minority students to seek a Masters degree en route to the PhD. In essence, the Bridge program described here builds upon this increasingly important pathway, with a dedicated mentoring process designed to ensure that the Masters-to-PhD transition is a successful one.

Stassun, Keivan G.

2006-12-01

99

Clinical beam delivery of the Vanderbilt FEL: design and performance of a hollow-waveguide-based handheld probe for neurosurgery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The design of a handheld hollow waveguide-based probe is presented to deliver the unique output of the Vanderbilt Free Electron Laser (FEL) for medical applications. The neurosurgical hand piece incorporates a hollow waveguide, a focusing microlens, an optical fiber to deliver an aiming beam ((lambda) equals 632 nm) and a channel for purging the probe with nitrogen. The hollow waveguide is preferentially used to transmit a wavelength of lambda equals 6.45 micrometer (vibration mode of the amide-II band) and is able to tolerate the high peak intensity (greater than 1014 W/m2) of the picosecond micropulses of the FEL. The calcium fluoride lens focuses the beam to a spot diameter of 400 micrometer at a working distance of 20 mm. To maximize the transmission of the probe, the hollow waveguide is purged with nitrogen to prevent atmospheric absorption at 6.45 micrometer. Temporal broadening of the micro pulses that propagate in the hollow wave guide was studied using intensity autocorrelation measurements and beam profile measurements with a pyroelectric camera. Design consequences and application of the probe for FEL neurosurgery are discussed.

Pratisto, Hans S.; Uhlhorn, Stephen R.; Copeland, Michael; Jansen, E. Duco

1999-04-01

100

The South: Birmingham Case Study, and The South as a Region. Grade Five (Unit IV). Resource Unit. Project Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A case study on Birmingham is presented in the first part of this resource unit on regional studies designed for fifth graders. The objective of the sequent occupance unit is to illustrate the impact which the discovery and utilization of a large natural resource, namely, iron ore, can have on the development of a city, in the hope that students…

Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Project Social Studies Curriculum Center.

101

Birmingham Medical Research Expeditionary Society 1977 Expedition: effect of a Himalayan trek on whole body composition, nitrogen and potassium  

Microsoft Academic Search

The body composition of the 17 members of the BMRES was studied using body weight and fat fold calipers, with measurements of whole body potassium and nitrogen. The full assessment was made just before departure from Birmingham and immediately on return. Daily observations of body weight and fat folds were made during the trek to high altitude. During the ascent

T. C. Harvey; H. M. James; D. R. Chettle

1979-01-01

102

Do the malnutrition universal screening tool (MUST) and Birmingham nutrition risk (BNR) score predict mortality in older hospitalised patients?  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Undernutrition is common in older hospitalised patients, and routine screening is advocated. It is unclear whether screening tools such as the Birmingham Nutrition Risk (BNR) score and the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) can successfully predict outcome in this patient group. METHODS: Consecutive admissions to Medicine for the Elderly assessment wards in Dundee were assessed between mid-October 2003 and

Sarah Henderson; Nicola Moore; Emma Lee; Miles D Witham

2008-01-01

103

The Impact of Cost on the Availability of Fruits and Vegetables in the Homes of Schoolchildren in Birmingham, Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. Fruit and vegetable cost is a presumed barrier to intake. We sought to determine whether fruit and vegetable cost and consumers' race and income would predict availability of fruits and vegetables in homes of schoolchildren in the Birmingham, Ala, area. Methods. Data on availability of 27 fruit and vegetable items were obtained from homes of 1355 children (32% African

Jamy D. Ard; Renee A. Desmond; Bryce S. Sutton; Maria Pisu; David B. Allison; Frank Franklin; Monica L. Baskin

2007-01-01

104

"A Creative Psalm of Brotherhood": The (De)Constructive Play in Martin Luther King's "Letter from Birmingham Jail"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Scholars have celebrated the spoken word in King's "Letter from Birmingham Jail," but they have overlooked the significance of the Letter's writing. In this essay I closely read King's act of writing the Letter, along with the figures of speech he employs in it, and I show how both--by enacting the mass media's ability to cross contexts--are…

Gaipa, Mark

2007-01-01

105

Ramadan and birth weight at full term in Asian Moslem pregnant women in Birmingham.  

PubMed

The birth weights of 13,351 babies born at full term from 1964-84 to Asian Moslem mothers in Birmingham were analysed to see if the effect of the Ramadan fast on maternal biochemical profiles was of any clinical relevance. These were compared with two age matched control groups comprising white and non-Moslem Asian babies. Ramadan had no effect on mean birth weight at whatever stage of pregnancy it occurred. There was an increase in the prevalence of low birth weights (4.5% to 8%) among babies who were born at full term when Ramadan had occurred during the second trimester, but this was not significant. We conclude that the Ramadan fast has no effect on the birth weights of babies born at full term. PMID:2241226

Cross, J H; Eminson, J; Wharton, B A

1990-10-01

106

Femoral neck fracture after Birmingham Hip Resurfacing Arthroplasty: prevalence, time to fracture, and outcome after revision.  

PubMed

A consecutive cohort of 3076 Birmingham Hip Resurfacings from a single institution was analyzed. The prevalence of femoral neck fracture, the time to fracture, and the outcome after revision were investigated. Fractures occurred in 34 hips (prevalence, 1.1%). Median time to fracture was 0.27 year (range, 0.014-11.2 years). Mean operation time for revision was 59 minutes, and 71% underwent isolated femoral component revision. At a mean follow-up of 5.5 years since revision, 3 patients required re-revision (2 aseptic loosening, 1 for sepsis) giving a survival of 95.7% (confidence interval, 86.9%-100%) at 5 years for the revision. Median Oxford Hip Score was 12.5% (interquartile range, 3.2%-32.3%). There were no cases of radiologic failure during follow-up. Most fractures occur early after hip resurfacing and were straightforward to revise. PMID:22819379

Matharu, Gulraj S; McBryde, Callum W; Revell, Matthew P; Pynsent, Paul B

2012-07-21

107

Review of the Laguerre-Gauss mode technology research program at Birmingham  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Gravitational wave detectors of the advanced generation are expected to be limited in sensitivity by thermal noise of the optics. The reduction of this noise is therefore of high importance for future detectors which aim to surpass the sensitivity of the advanced generation. A proposed method for reducing the impact of this noise is to use higher-order Laguerre-Gauss (LG) modes for the readout beam, as opposed to the currently used fundamental mode. We present here a synopsis of the research program undertaken by the University of Birmingham into the suitability of LG mode technology for future gravitational wave detectors. This will cover our previous and current work on this topic, from initial simulations and table-top LG mode experiments up to implementation in a prototype scale suspended cavity and high-power laser bench.

Fulda, P.; Bond, C.; Brown, D.; Brückner, F.; Carbone, L.; Chelkowski, S.; Hild, S.; Kokeyama, K.; Wang, M.; Freise, A.

2012-06-01

108

Aerosol and trace gas measurements over the Birmingham conurbation during PUMA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The UMIST instrumented light aircraft (Cessna 182) was used during summer 1999 and winter 2000 to make measurements of aerosol and trace gases in the Boundary Layer (BL) and Free Troposphere (FT) both upwind and downwind of the city of Birmingham in the UK. These measurements were made as part of the NERC URGENT/ASURE program PUMA (Pollution of the Urban Midlands Atmosphere). Gradients in the concentrations of fine and accumulation mode aerosol and of the trace gases NOx and ozone were observed both in the vertical and horizontally across the conurbation. Examples are presented. These, and thermodynamic data have been made available to initialise and validate output from a high spatial resolution meso-scale model (coupled to dispersion and atmospheric chemistry modules) developed elsewhere in PUMA (in order to predict primary and secondary air pollutant concentrations at urban background locations across the West Midlands region of England). .

Bower, K. N.; Beswick, K. M.; Burgess, R. A.; Stromberg, I. M.; Gallagher, M. W.

2000-08-01

109

Recycled rubber roads  

SciTech Connect

The paper describes several innovative approaches for recycling old tires in the construction of roads. In one, 18 inches of shredded tire chips (2 X 2 inches) were used on top of 6-8 inches of small stone to construct a road across a sanitary landfill. No compacting or linders were needed. In another application, sidewall mats linked together with steel strapping were used as a sub-base for a road across a swampy area. A third application uses 1/2 inch bits of groundup rubber tires as a replacement for aggregate in an asphalt road base.

Not Available

1989-02-01

110

End of the road?  

Microsoft Academic Search

I n Crash, David Cronenberg negotiates our ambivalent attitudes toward death and de- struction on the roads, as well as the attractions of car crashes, using the car and the architecture of contemporary road systems as symbols of the convergence between humanity's unconscious desires and its technological artifacts. Cronenberg's film, like Ballard's novel, is an exploration of the ambiguous fascination

David Cronenberg

1986-01-01

111

Understanding road signs  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we propose a three levels framework that allows accounting for the understanding of road signs. We consider that a road sign is (1) the iconic transcription of (2) a legal message about categories that is displayed and has to be interpreted (3) in context. Whereas categorization is the basic process that determines decision-making, results of two experiments

Mary Bazire; Charles Tijus

2009-01-01

112

Knowledge Asset Road Maps  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes how A IAI has used the ideas and techniques behind Technology Road Maps in order to provide a framework for developing Knowledge Asset Road Maps to support knowledge management initiatives. By carefully relating knowledge management actions upwards to business objectives and strategies, and d ownwards to specific knowledge assets, a co-ordinated picture of the various parts of

Ann Macintosh; Ian Filby; John KC Kingston; Austin Tate

1998-01-01

113

Coal Haul Roads Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this report is to provide an estimate of the extent of improvements needed on the Nation's coal haul roads. Roads used for coal hauling are first identified and classified according to volume and duration of coal traffic, Federal-aid design...

J. L. Covil D. P. Ingold

1980-01-01

114

Silk Road Seattle  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Silk Road Seattle is a "collaborative public education project using the 'Silk Road' theme to explore cultural interaction across Eurasia from the beginning of the Common Era (A.D.) to the Sixteenth Century." The Silk Road is a term understood to have been the overland trade route from China to the Mediterranean, opened first in the 2nd century and coming to an end between the 15th and 17th centuries. Traditional discussions of the Silk Road, however, recognize that there were branches that went into South Asia, or extended from Central Asia north of the Caspian Sea to the Black Sea. Sponsored primarily by the Simpson Center for the Humanities at the University of Washington and directed by Professors Daniel C. Waugh, Joel Walker, and Cynthea Bogel, this Web site contains a vast range of Silk Road materials. These materials include a list of texts that may be used in teaching and learning about the Silk Road, a section on cities and architecture along the Silk Road, information on traditional culture in Central Asia, a page of teaching and learning guides that list and annotate Silk Road materials, and a virtual art exhibit. This site is still in a constructive stage; therefore, every link is not yet accessible. In short, this site may be of value for a range of audiences, including school children, teachers, college and graduate students, and independent adult learners.

2001-01-01

115

The Road Less Traveled  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The federal journey into public education has followed a long and winding road. Most educators know that the federal No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act is simply the latest version of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), which dates all the way back to 1965. In the years since its initial passage, the ESEA road has taken a number of…

McKim, Brent

2007-01-01

116

Bridging the Legacy of Activism Across Generations: Life Stories of African American Educators in Post-Civil Rights Birmingham  

Microsoft Academic Search

This qualitative study takes account of the salience of activism in informing the worldviews and professional practices of\\u000a a multigenerational sample of 42 African American educators in Birmingham, Alabama. Framed by life course, Black feminist\\u000a thought, and hip-hop educational research perspectives, the study highlights how the participants grapple with: generational\\u000a misunderstandings; re-visioning traditional notions of activism; and forging intergenerational alliances.

Tondra L. Loder-Jackson

2011-01-01

117

Health-hazard evaluation report HETA 91-034-2114, Berry Building, Birmingham, Alabama  

SciTech Connect

In response to a request from union and management personnel, a health hazard evaluation was conducted at the Berry Building, Birmingham, Alabama. Workers have reported recurring respiratory illnesses and eye irritation. The four story building was made of bricks. A furniture store and warehouse had occupied the building which then remained empty for some time before it was occupied by the Department of Labor (SIC-9199) in 1985. The carbon-dioxide (124389) concentrations measured during the survey were below 1000 parts per million. All areas studied, except one, were within guidelines for both temperature and relative humidity. Concentrations of respirable matter ranged from 3 to 48 micrograms per cubic meter. Leaking or standing water was not apparent, nor were there any visible signs of microbial contamination. Monitoring for airborne bioaerosols was not done. The author concludes that, although no health hazards were specifically identified, most workers had experienced symptoms consistent with sick building syndrome. Recommendations are made for proper balancing of the ventilation system and changes in the smoking policy.

Hanley, K.W.

1991-05-01

118

Unmet Need for Medical Care and Safety Net Accessibility among Birmingham's Homeless.  

PubMed

Although homeless individuals often experience health problems requiring care, there are limitations to available research concerning the scale of their needs and the accessibility of safety net agencies to meet them. Traditional access-to-care surveys calculate unmet need among all persons queried (rather than persons needing care), making it difficult to calculate what percentage of persons requiring care actually obtain it. Additionally, no research has compared the relative accessibility of safety net programs to homeless persons in need. This cross-sectional, community-based survey assessed the prevalence of unmet need for several specific types of health care and compared the accessibility of agencies in Birmingham, AL. Substantial proportions of respondents reported unmet needs for general medical care (46 %), specialty care (51 %), mental health care (51 %), dental care (62 %), medications (57 %), and care of a child (23 %). The most commonly mentioned sites where care was sought included a federally funded Health Care for the Homeless (HCH) program (59 %), a religious free clinic (31 %), and a public hospital emergency department (51 %). The HCH program was most commonly cited as the location where care, once sought, could not be obtained (15 %), followed by the county hospital primary care clinics (13 %). In this survey, unmet need was common for all types of care queried, including primary care. Key components of the safety net, including a federally funded homeless health care program, had suboptimum accessibility. PMID:23620012

Kertesz, Stefan G; McNeil, Whitney; Cash, Julie J; Desmond, Renee; McGwin, Gerald; Kelly, Jason; Baggett, Travis P

2013-04-26

119

Blood pressure in black, white and Asian factory workers in Birmingham.  

PubMed Central

A screening survey was conducted among factory workers, aged 15-64 years, in Birmingham, England to investigate ethnic differences in blood pressure. One-thousand and forty-nine subjects (784 men, 265 women) were screened, representing 79% of the eligible population. Mean systolic and diastolic blood pressures generally did not differ between men of black West Indian (n = 173), local white (n = 439) or Asian (n = 172) origin, when matched by 10-year age groups. Analysis of covariance using age as the covariate revealed that, overall, Asian men had significantly lower systolic but higher diastolic pressures than the other ethnic groups. The proportion of men arbitrarily defined as hypertensive (greater than or equal to 160 mmHg systolic or greater than or equal to 95 diastolic or blood pressures below this figure whilst receiving antihypertensive therapy) was 26% of West Indians, 22% of whites and 17% of Asians, but these were not significantly different when age was accounted for. Black West Indian women (n = 101) did have higher diastolic pressure than white women (n = 164), but this difference was dependent on body mass index. Overall, systolic pressures in women were not significantly different. These findings differ from those consistently reported from the United States.

Cruickshank, J. K.; Jackson, S. H.; Bannan, L. T.; Beevers, D. G.; Beevers, M.; Osbourne, V. L.

1983-01-01

120

Haul road dust control  

SciTech Connect

A field study was conducted to measure dust from haul trucks at a limestone quarry and a coal preparation plant waste hauling operation. The study found that primarily wind, distance and road treatment conditions notably affected the dust concentrations at locations next to, 50 ft from, and 100 ft away from the unpaved haulage road. Airborne dust measured along the unpaved haul road showed that high concentrations of fugitive dust can be generated with these concentrations rapidly decreasing to nearly background levels within 100 ft of the road. Instantaneous respirable dust measurements illustrated that the trucks generate a real-time dust cloud that has a peak concentration with a time-related decay rate as the dust moves past the sampling locations. The respirable dust concentrations and peak levels were notably diminished as the dust cloud was transported, diluted, and diffused by the wind over the 100 ft distance from the road. Individual truck concentrations and peak levels measured next to the dry road surface test section were quite variable and dependent on wind conditions, particularly wind direction, with respect to reaching the sampling location. The vast majority of the fugitive airborne dust generated from unpaved and untreated haulage roads was non-respirable. 6 figs.

Reed, W.R.; Organiscak, J.A. [NIOSH-PRL, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

2007-10-15

121

14. VIEW OF NORTHSOUTH ROAD WHICH PARALLELS ROAD TO HATCH ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

14. VIEW OF NORTH-SOUTH ROAD WHICH PARALLELS ROAD TO HATCH ADIT (FEATURE B-28). NOTE MODERN 'LAY DOWN' FENCE ON ROAD. ROAD LIES TO THE WEST OF THE HATCH ADIT AND PHOTOGRAPH IS VIEW TO THE SOUTH. (OCTOBER, 1995) - Nevada Lucky Tiger Mill & Mine, East slope of Buckskin Mountain, Paradise Valley, Humboldt County, NV

122

A Holographic Road Show.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the viewing sessions and the holograms of a holographic road show. The traveling exhibits, believed to stimulate interest in physics, include a wide variety of holograms and demonstrate several physical principles. (GA)|

Kirkpatrick, Larry D.; Rugheimer, Mac

1979-01-01

123

Rapid road repair vehicle  

DOEpatents

Disclosed is a rapid road repair vehicle capable of moving over a surface to be repaired at near normal posted traffic speeds to scan for and find at the high rate of speed, imperfections in the pavement surface, prepare the surface imperfection for repair by air pressure and vacuum cleaning, applying a correct amount of the correct patching material to effect the repair, smooth the resulting repaired surface, and catalog the location and quality of the repairs for maintenance records of the road surface. The rapid road repair vehicle can repair surface imperfections at lower cost, improved quality, at a higher rate of speed than was not heretofor possible, with significantly reduced exposure to safety and health hazards associated with this kind of road repair activities in the past. 2 figs.

Mara, L.M.

1998-05-05

124

Rapid road repair vehicle  

DOEpatents

Disclosed is a rapid road repair vehicle capable of moving over a surface to be repaired at near normal posted traffic speeds to scan for and find an the high rate of speed, imperfections in the pavement surface, prepare the surface imperfection for repair by air pressure and vacuum cleaning, applying a correct amount of the correct patching material to effect the repair, smooth the resulting repaired surface, and catalog the location and quality of the repairs for maintenance records of the road surface. The rapid road repair vehicle can repair surface imperfections at lower cost, improved quality, at a higher rate of speed than was was heretofor possible, with significantly reduced exposure to safety and health hazards associated with this kind of road repair activities in the past.

Mara, Leo M. (Livermore, CA)

1998-01-01

125

Road-Testing Cars  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes how the magazine ‘Motor’ conducts its weekly road tests. The purpose of these is to assess the performance, handling, comfort and practicality of a car in a correct state of assembly, tune and adjustment. Reliability and durability is not assessed -this is covered by long-term tests.A car is usually assigned for two weeks to one particular road-tester

C. A. CURTIS

1979-01-01

126

RoadRunner Robot  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The RoadRunner comes packed with features offered at low cost. The robot has been meticulously engineered to be an ideal platform for both education and research. The RoadRunner comes with a state-of-the-art controller board packed with features including, but not limited to, the capability of wireless communication. This board, along with the RoadRunner's solid mechanical design, makes it an ideal choice for a variety of science, programming, and engineering applications. The purpose of this kit is to promote a learning environment conducive to understanding the basic concepts of robotics. These fundamentals include how robots are used, what they are used for, and how they can be beneficial in everyday life. In this particular case, the RoadRunner is intended to teach students the basics of micro-controllers, object-oriented programming, and the benefits of using external devices such as infrared sensors and wireless communication modules to allow the robot to perform complicated, but useful tasks. Wireless communication is especially helpful due to the fact that this capability allows individual robots to not only communicate with one another, but be remotely controlled by a base station as well. The RoadRunner is intended to act autonomously within an alien environment. However, when used in conjunction with other robots of its own kind, the RoadRunner is also able to collaborate movement, share data and, possibly, even program one another.

2012-07-19

127

Assessment of the Item Selection and Weighting in the Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score for Wegener's Granulomatosis  

PubMed Central

Objective To assess the Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score for Wegener's Granulomatosis (BVAS/WG) with respect to its selection and weighting of items. Methods This study used the BVAS/WG data from the Wegener's Granulomatosis Etanercept Trial. The scoring frequencies of the 34 predefined items and any “other” items added by clinicians were calculated. Using linear regression with generalized estimating equations in which the physician global assessment (PGA) of disease activity was the dependent variable, we computed weights for all predefined items. We also created variables for clinical manifestations frequently added as other items, and computed weights for these as well. We searched for the model that included the items and their generated weights yielding an activity score with the highest R2 to predict the PGA. Results We analyzed 2,044 BVAS/WG assessments from 180 patients; 734 assessments were scored during active disease. The highest R2 with the PGA was obtained by scoring WG activity based on the following items: the 25 predefined items rated on ?5 visits, the 2 newly created fatigue and weight loss variables, the remaining minor other and major other items, and a variable that signified whether new or worse items were present at a specific visit. The weights assigned to the items ranged from 1 to 21. Compared with the original BVAS/WG, this modified score correlated significantly more strongly with the PGA. Conclusion This study suggests possibilities to enhance the item selection and weighting of the BVAS/WG. These changes may increase this instrument's ability to capture the continuum of disease activity in WG.

MAHR, ALFRED D.; NEOGI, TUHINA; LAVALLEY, MICHAEL P.; DAVIS, JOHN C.; HOFFMAN, GARY S.; MCCUNE, W. JOSEPH; SPECKS, ULRICH; SPIERA, ROBERT F.; ST.CLAIR, E. WILLIAM; STONE, JOHN H.; MERKEL, PETER A.

2013-01-01

128

RapidArc Radiation Therapy: First Year Experience at the University of Alabama at Birmingham  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To evaluate treatment planning and delivery for patients treated during our initial year of experience with RapidArc{sup TM} radiation therapy. Methods and Materials: RapidArc was used to treat 52 patients at The University of Alabama at Birmingham between May 2008 and April 2009. A single ionization chamber phantom with film and a two-dimensional ionization chamber array were used for quality assurance measurements. Of the 52 patients, 44 had a static gantry dynamic multileaf collimated (SG-DMLC) IMRT treatment plan, seven of which had quality assurance (QA) measurements. Results: The mean difference between ionization chamber measurement and calculation was 1.2% {+-} 0.9% (1 standard deviation). For film, the mean fraction of pixels with {gamma} > 1 (3%/3 mm criterion) was 4.6% and for the two-dimensional chamber array was 1.4%. For the seven corresponding SG-DMLC plans, the results were similar. Differences in important dosimetric indicators were typically within 1% relative to SG-DMLC. The volume of nontarget tissue that received >20 Gy was less for RapidArc compared with SG-DMLC, whereas the volume that received more than 10 Gy was larger. The mean difference between the measured and planned leaf positions and the monitor units obtained from machine log files was 0.0 {+-} 0.5 mm and 0.4 {+-} 0.3 MU, respectively. Mean delivery times were 1.5 {+-} 0.2 and 3.3 {+-} 0.4 min for one- and two-arc plans, respectively. On average, SG-DMLC delivery took 4.4 min longer. Conclusions: RapidArc plans have quality comparable to our standard SG-DMLC IMRT technique, and are delivered with similar accuracy in shorter time.

Popple, Richard A., E-mail: rpopple@uabmc.ed [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama (United States); Fiveash, John B.; Brezovich, Ivan A.; Bonner, James A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama (United States)

2010-07-01

129

Temporal association between hospital admissions for asthma in Birmingham and ambient levels of sulphur dioxide and smoke.  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND--A study was performed to determine whether daily and weekly variations in the levels of smoke and sulphur dioxide (SO2) in Birmingham are related to hospital admissions for asthma and acute respiratory diseases. METHODS--Daily numbers of hospital admissions for asthma (ICD code 493) and acute respiratory conditions (ICD 466, 480-486, 490-496) for residents of Birmingham between 1988 and 1990 were obtained from West Midlands RHA Körner inpatient data. Average daily levels of sulphur dioxide and smoke were obtained from Birmingham City Council for the same period, together with daily meteorological summaries from the Department of Geography, University of Birmingham. With the exception of one day, all air pollution measurements remained within current EC guide levels. Data were divided into seasons and the relation between hospital admissions and pollutant levels were explored by stepwise least squares regression models. Meteorological variables (temperature, pressure, humidity) were entered into the model if they showed significant association with hospital admissions during the season in question. Analysis was undertaken for daily (same day and lagged by two days) and weekly pollutant levels. Admissions were lagged behind pollution levels to allow for delayed effects of pollutants. RESULTS--The mean daily level of smoke was 12.7 micrograms/m3 and of SO2 was 39.1 micrograms/m3, with maxima of 188.3 micrograms/m3 and 126.3 micrograms/m3, respectively. Significant associations were found between hospital admissions for respiratory disease lagged by two days, and smoke and SO2 levels during winter. Associations between admissions for asthma and smoke and SO2 levels were significant at the 5% level. These were independent of temperature, pressure, and humidity. Stepwise regression including both pollutants showed that smoke, but not SO2, was a significant independent predictor of hospital admissions for both asthma and all respiratory conditions. During winter a rise of 100 micrograms/m3 smoke might result in five (95% CI 0.6 to 9) more asthma admissions and 21.5 (95% CI 10 to 33) more acute respiratory admissions each day in Birmingham. A 100 micrograms/m3 rise in SO2 might result in four (0 to 7) more asthma admissions and 15.5 (6 to 25) more respiratory admissions each day. Independent associations were also found between weekly mean smoke and SO2 levels and all respiratory admissions during autumn and winter. During summer, daily mean smoke and SO2 levels were significantly associated with non-lagged daily admissions for all respiratory diseases (p < 0.02). There was no association between air pollution and hospital admissions during spring. CONCLUSIONS--Daily variations in smoke and SO2 levels are significantly associated with hospital admissions for asthma and respiratory disease during winter in Birmingham at levels of air pollutants within the EC guide levels. This association was independent of potential confounding effects of weather (temperature, pressure, humidity) and suggests that current levels of air pollution can still produce significant health effects.

Walters, S; Griffiths, R K; Ayres, J G

1994-01-01

130

View southwest along Hartford Road (Route 6) showing residences on ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View southwest along Hartford Road (Route 6) showing residences on the north side of the road - Brooklyn Green, North Green, South Green, & West Green, parts of Brown Road, Canterbury Road (Route 169), Hartford Road (Route 6), Hyde Road, Pomfret Road (Route 169), Prince Hill Road, Providence Road (Route 6), Wauregan Road (Routes 169 & 205), & Wolf Den Road, Brooklyn, Windham County, CT

131

View southeast across Providence Road (Route 6) showing a residence ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View southeast across Providence Road (Route 6) showing a residence on the south side of the road - Brooklyn Green, North Green, South Green, & West Green, parts of Brown Road, Canterbury Road (Route 169), Hartford Road (Route 6), Hyde Road, Pomfret Road (Route 169), Prince Hill Road, Providence Road (Route 6), Wauregan Road (Routes 169 & 205), & Wolf Den Road, Brooklyn, Windham County, CT

132

View north along Canterbury Road (Route 169) showing residences on ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View north along Canterbury Road (Route 169) showing residences on the east side of the road - Brooklyn Green, North Green, South Green, & West Green, parts of Brown Road, Canterbury Road (Route 169), Hartford Road (Route 6), Hyde Road, Pomfret Road (Route 169), Prince Hill Road, Providence Road (Route 6), Wauregan Road (Routes 169 & 205), & Wolf Den Road, Brooklyn, Windham County, CT

133

View northeast along Pomfret Road (Route 169) showing rersidences on ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View northeast along Pomfret Road (Route 169) showing rersidences on the east side of the road - Brooklyn Green, North Green, South Green, & West Green, parts of Brown Road, Canterbury Road (Route 169), Hartford Road (Route 6), Hyde Road, Pomfret Road (Route 169), Prince Hill Road, Providence Road (Route 6), Wauregan Road (Routes 169 & 205), & Wolf Den Road, Brooklyn, Windham County, CT

134

View east along Wolf Den Road showing residences on the ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View east along Wolf Den Road showing residences on the north side of the road - Brooklyn Green, North Green, South Green, & West Green, parts of Brown Road, Canterbury Road (Route 169), Hartford Road (Route 6), Hyde Road, Pomfret Road (Route 169), Prince Hill Road, Providence Road (Route 6), Wauregan Road (Routes 169 & 205), & Wolf Den Road, Brooklyn, Windham County, CT

135

View north along Canterbury Road (Route 169) showing residences on ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View north along Canterbury Road (Route 169) showing residences on west side of the road - Brooklyn Green, North Green, South Green, & West Green, parts of Brown Road, Canterbury Road (Route 169), Hartford Road (Route 6), Hyde Road, Pomfret Road (Route 169), Prince Hill Road, Providence Road (Route 6), Wauregan Road (Routes 169 & 205), & Wolf Den Road, Brooklyn, Windham County, CT

136

View southeast along Pomfret Road (Route 169) showing residence on ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View southeast along Pomfret Road (Route 169) showing residence on the east side of the road - Brooklyn Green, North Green, South Green, & West Green, parts of Brown Road, Canterbury Road (Route 169), Hartford Road (Route 6), Hyde Road, Pomfret Road (Route 169), Prince Hill Road, Providence Road (Route 6), Wauregan Road (Routes 169 & 205), & Wolf Den Road, Brooklyn, Windham County, CT

137

View northwest along Wolf Den Road showing residences on the ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View northwest along Wolf Den Road showing residences on the north side of the road - Brooklyn Green, North Green, South Green, & West Green, parts of Brown Road, Canterbury Road (Route 169), Hartford Road (Route 6), Hyde Road, Pomfret Road (Route 169), Prince Hill Road, Providence Road (Route 6), Wauregan Road (Routes 169 & 205), & Wolf Den Road, Brooklyn, Windham County, CT

138

View southwest along Brown Road showing residential and commercial buildings ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View southwest along Brown Road showing residential and commercial buildings on the north and south sides of the road - Brooklyn Green, North Green, South Green, & West Green, parts of Brown Road, Canterbury Road (Route 169), Hartford Road (Route 6), Hyde Road, Pomfret Road (Route 169), Prince Hill Road, Providence Road (Route 6), Wauregan Road (Routes 169 & 205), & Wolf Den Road, Brooklyn, Windham County, CT

139

View northeast across Hyde Road showing a residenc on the ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View northeast across Hyde Road showing a residenc on the east side of the road - Brooklyn Green, North Green, South Green, & West Green, parts of Brown Road, Canterbury Road (Route 169), Hartford Road (Route 6), Hyde Road, Pomfret Road (Route 169), Prince Hill Road, Providence Road (Route 6), Wauregan Road (Routes 169 & 205), & Wolf Den Road, Brooklyn, Windham County, CT

140

Off-Road Engineering  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This video, from WGBH, takes a look at the Baha SAE off-road competition, organized by SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers) International. The video explains how students take an off-road vehicle all the way from the design phase to completion and the competition. Here, visitors will see the different tools and techniques that students use to design and build their vehicles. This video is helpful for anyone looking into the automotive engineering field and the skills necessary to be successful in it. Educators will also find a background essay, discussion questions, and standards alignment for the material. Running time for the video is 3:52.

2010-12-07

141

Rapid road repair vehicle  

SciTech Connect

Disclosed are improvements to a rapid road repair vehicle comprising an improved cleaning device arrangement, two dispensing arrays for filling defects more rapidly and efficiently, an array of pre-heaters to heat the road way surface in order to help the repair material better bond to the repaired surface, a means for detecting, measuring, and computing the number, location and volume of each of the detected surface imperfection, and a computer means schema for controlling the operation of the plurality of vehicle subsystems. The improved vehicle is, therefore, better able to perform its intended function of filling surface imperfections while moving over those surfaces at near normal traffic speeds.

Mara, L.M.

1999-09-07

142

JENNE FARM FROM ACCESS ROAD LOOKING WEST. (The access road ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

JENNE FARM FROM ACCESS ROAD LOOKING WEST. (The access road runs between the cattle pastures. The granary, garage/workshop, house, barn, and remains of the orchard can be seen. Also visible in the distance is Ebey?s Prairie and the bluff. Note the Holstein bulls and freemartins grazing.) - Jenne Farm, 538 Engle Road, Coupeville, Island County, WA

143

Classification of road surface profiles  

SciTech Connect

This paper introduces a universal classification methodology for discretely sampled sealed bituminous road profile data for the study of shock and vibrations related to the road transportation process. Data representative of a wide variety of Victorian (Australia) road profiles were used to develop a universal classification methodology with special attention to their non-Gaussian and nonstationary properties. This resulted in the design of computer software to automatically detect and extract transient events from the road spatial acceleration data as well as to identify segments of the constant RMS level enabling transients to be analyzed separately from the underlying road process. Nine universal classification parameters are introduced to describe road profile spatial acceleration based on the statistical characteristics of the transient amplitude and stationary RMS segments. Results from this study are aimed at the areas of road transport simulation as well as road surface characterization.

Rouillard, V.; Bruscella, B.; Sek, M.

2000-02-01

144

A biomechanical study of the Birmingham mid head resection arthroplasty: effect of stem size on femoral neck fracture.  

PubMed

The Birmingham mid head resection (BMHR) arthroplasty can be used as an alternative to conventional stemmed total hip arthroplasty in young patients unsuitable for hip resurfacing. This study investigated the effect of stem size on femoral neck fracture in the BMHR. Sawbones composite femurs were randomly allocated to one of the following groups: (1) unprepared femur with no prosthesis, (2) femur prepared with a Birmingham hip resurfacing (BHR) prosthesis, (3) femur prepared with a BMHR stem size 1 (BMHR-1) and (4) femur prepared with a BMHR stem size 3 (BMHR-3). Each femur was subjected to a compressive force using a materials testing machine until fracture of the femoral neck occurred. The highest force at fracture was in the unprepared femurs with a mean (±standard deviation) force at failure of 5.9?±?0.2?kN. The mean force at failure for the femurs fitted with a prosthesis was 2.6?±?0.4, 3.0?±?0.4 and 3.5?±?0.5?kN for the BHR, BMHR-1 and BMHR-3, respectively. Statistical analysis showed that the failure force for the unprepared femur was significantly (p<0.05) greater than that of the BHR, BMHR-1 and BMHR-3. There was a significant difference (p<0.05) between the force at failure for the BMHR-1 and BMHR-3, indicating that these two stem sizes have an effect on fracture force. PMID:23636766

Aghayan, Sam; Shepherd, Duncan E T; Davis, Edward T

2013-05-01

145

Raw material constraints and technological options in the mines and furnaces of the Birmingham District: 1876-1930  

SciTech Connect

The technological development of the pig iron industry of the Birmingham District was shaped by the mineral resources upon which it was founded. The physical and chemical characteristics of local coal and iron ore, as well as the geological setting and terrain in which they were found, influenced both immediate and long range technological decisions. Most important choices, ranging from the selection of individual pieces of machinery to the momentous decisions to devote over one-half of the District's productive capacity to the manufacture of foundry pig iron, can be trace, in part, to raw material considerations. As they gradually adapted their mines and furnaces to the negative as well as the positive physical attributes of local mineral resources, ironmakers and mine operators devised systems of ferrous metal production that were unique to the Birmingham District. These alternative models, epitomized by the Woodward Iron Company's catch phrase; straight line production, shared much in common with the American blast furnace industry but featured a different level and pace of mechanization.

Bergstresser, J.R.

1993-01-01

146

Road rage: a psychiatric phenomenon?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Road rage is a concept recently popularised by the press. An association with psychiatric illness is implied from reports\\u000a of such drivers being “mad”. Previous literature has demonstrated a link between road traffic accidents and mental illness.\\u000a This study examines the relationship between road rage and psychiatric morbidity. It aims to estimate the prevalence of road\\u000a rage by self-report

G. Fong; D. Frost; S. Stansfeld

2001-01-01

147

Training Guide: Road Transport.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The third in a series of guides to British industrial training, this publication begins with a survey of training issues and tasks confronting the Road Transport Industry Training Board (RTITB). This is followed by information on RTITB policies and provisions; RTITB members, officers, and committees; apprenticeships and other training schemes;…

Kogan Page, Ltd., London (England).

148

The Road to Now  

Microsoft Academic Search

A century ago, hard-topped roads leading outward from the industrial downtowns of America stopped at the city line. Amid weeds and cornfields, dirt paths snaked outward, routes that were often impassable in rainy seasons. But smoky locomotives and electric interurban trains streaked by on iron rails, carrying passengers and produce into the bustling depots. In the early twentieth century, bicycles

STEPHEN B. GODDARD

1997-01-01

149

Lilac Road Overcrossing Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Lilac Road Overcrossing, a 695' long concrete arch bridge, with box-shaped ribs and superstructure, was designed using several cross-sectional configurations of variable depths. One of the box sections employed consisted of top and bottom slabs with a mid...

M. R. Wallace

1973-01-01

150

Nonlinear Road Pricing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Nonlinear pricing refers to a case in which the price or tariff is not strictly proportional to the quantity purchased. While economists have studied nonlinear pricing for quite some time, its application to road pricing is relatively unexplored in the tr...

S. Lawphongpanich Y. Yin

2012-01-01

151

On the Road  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Veteran development officers say the experience of visiting and traveling to different places or countries often feels like an endless cycle of getting lost, missing flights, and eating midnight dinners from hotel vending machines. Despite ongoing travel challenges, experienced road warriors have learned how to maximize their effectiveness,…

Collins, Mary Ellen

2012-01-01

152

HIGH ROADS PROJECT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

AS PART OF THE GREAT CITIES SCHOOL IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM, HIGH ROADS PROJECT IN THE DUNBAR ELEMENTARY SCHOOL IS DESIGNED TO MOTIVATE PUPILS, PARENTS, AND TEACHERS TO ACHIEVE MAXIMUM POTENTIAL IN THEIR RESPECTIVE ROLES THROUGH EFFECTIVELY MOBILIZING AND UTILIZING THE TOTAL RESOURCES OF THE SCHOOL AND COMMUNITY. PLANS WERE DEVELOPED BY THE SCHOOL…

BRAXTON, EDWARD; AND OTHERS

153

ROADS for Developing Nations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This position paper is a call to arms to conduct research, development and deployment of ROADS (Real Overlay and Distributed Systems) for developing nations. The deployment of information and communication technologies (ICT) in the developing nations represents a significant opportunity for the distributed systems and networking community. This opportunity is enabled by the convergence of long-range high-speed wireless technologies, which

Rick McGeer; Marc E. Fiuczynski; Jack Brassil; Larry Peterson; David Reed

154

The Digital Silk Road  

Microsoft Academic Search

Existing and proposed mechanisms for digital money all require large overhead to transfer money between parties. This overhead makes them unsuitable for extremely low cost activities, such as delivering and routing packets. The digital silk road is a proposed money system with extremely low transaction cost built into the communication protocols. The money introduced by this system is much more

Norman Hardy; Eric Dean Tribble

1993-01-01

155

Road Rage Victimization Among Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

PurposeAlthough much has been learned about road rage among adults, data on road rage experiences among adolescents has not been available previously. We examine the prevalence and demographic correlates of road rage victimization based on a population survey of Ontario students.

Reginald G. Smart; Gina Stoduto; Edward M. Adlaf; Robert E. Mann; Justin M. Sharpley

2007-01-01

156

Updating of digital road map  

Microsoft Academic Search

Japan Digital Road Map Association (JDRMA) started to construct the digital road map database for the whole Japan in 1988. The first database was completed in 1989, and consequently the updating started in 1990. There are two kinds of data sources for updating the JDRMA database. One is the newly issued topographic maps, which include both roads and other features

M. Shibata

1994-01-01

157

Solar System exploration Road Map  

Microsoft Academic Search

NASA has commissioned a group of scientists, engineers, educators and technologists to prepare a ``Road Map'' for Solar System exploration which covers the next 15-20 years. This Road Map is expected to serve as a guide for the continuation of Solar System exploration and future space science activities supported by NASA. The Road Map is currently in draft form, however,

Jurgen Rahe; Samuel Gulkis

1997-01-01

158

Can we prevent road rage?  

PubMed

Road rage has become a serious concern in many countries, and preventive efforts are required. This article reviews what can be done to prevent road rage by exploring potential prevention avenues in five areas. First, legal changes aimed at increasing the penalties for road rage behavior could be instituted, drawing on models from aggressive-driving or impaired-driving laws. A second approach would involve the adoption of court programs for convicted road ragers. Third, car redesign offers a means of reducing crime through environmental design. Fourth, mass media education could be implemented to inform drivers of the risk from road rage and how to avoid situations that facilitate road rage. Finally, prevention efforts could be directed to long-term societal changes that emphasize structural modifications, such as reducing congestion on the roads, reduced driver stress, or promoting public transportation. The strengths and weaknesses of these strategies are discussed. PMID:16534147

Asbridge, Mark; Smart, Reginald G; Mann, Robert E

2006-04-01

159

Comments on plant remains from some samples from medieval and post-medieval 'tan pits' at a site in the Bull Ring, Birmingham (site code BRB99)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary This report provides some comments on the plant material present in a series of samples thought to come from tan pits in two areas of a site in central Birmingham. The material from two 13th\\/14th century pit fills included some very decayed bark and leather fragments and it seems likely that the fills do indicate that tanning took place,

Allan Hall

2000-01-01

160

The Catastrophic State of Catastrophic Health Care Coverage. Hearing before the Special Committee on Aging. United States Senate, One Hundredth Congress, First Session (Birmingham, Alabama).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document presents witnesses' testimonies and prepared statements from the Senate hearing held in Birmingham, Alabama to alert the public to the problems associated with catastrophic illness; learn what community services exist for older adults; and clarify what requirements for services, research, and education must be met to formulate an…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Special Committee on Aging.

161

What is Recovery? Functioning and Recovery Stories of Self-Identified People in Recovery in a Services User Group and Their Peer Networks in Birmingham England  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study was based on a peer snowballing method involving members of a service users group in Birmingham, United Kingdom, who were asked to identify and interview members of their peer networks who had achieved “sustained recovery” of one year. Two hundred and nineteen individuals were recruited who defined themselves as being in recovery, consisting of 132 individuals in medication

David W. Best; Teodora Groshkova; James Sadler; Ed Day; William L. White

2011-01-01

162

Is road safety management linked to road safety performance?  

PubMed

This research aims to explore the relationship between road safety management and road safety performance at country level. For that purpose, an appropriate theoretical framework is selected, namely the 'SUNflower' pyramid, which describes road safety management systems in terms of a five-level hierarchy: (i) structure and culture, (ii) programmes and measures, (iii) 'intermediate' outcomes' - safety performance indicators (SPIs), (iv) final outcomes - fatalities and injuries, and (v) social costs. For each layer of the pyramid, a composite indicator is implemented, on the basis of data for 30 European countries. Especially as regards road safety management indicators, these are estimated on the basis of Categorical Principal Component Analysis upon the responses of a dedicated road safety management questionnaire, jointly created and dispatched by the ETSC/PIN group and the 'DaCoTA' research project. Then, quasi-Poisson models and Beta regression models are developed for linking road safety management indicators and other indicators (i.e. background characteristics, SPIs) with road safety performance. In this context, different indicators of road safety performance are explored: mortality and fatality rates, percentage reduction in fatalities over a given period, a composite indicator of road safety final outcomes, and a composite indicator of 'intermediate' outcomes (SPIs). The results of the analyses suggest that road safety management can be described on the basis of three composite indicators: "vision and strategy", "budget, evaluation and reporting", and "measurement of road user attitudes and behaviours". Moreover, no direct statistical relationship could be established between road safety management indicators and final outcomes. However, a statistical relationship was found between road safety management and 'intermediate' outcomes, which were in turn found to affect 'final' outcomes, confirming the SUNflower approach on the consecutive effect of each layer. PMID:23969271

Papadimitriou, Eleonora; Yannis, George

2013-07-31

163

Road Traffic Noise  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Road traffic is the most interfering noise source in developed countries. According to a publication of the European Union (EU) at the end of the twentieth century [1], about 40% of the population in 15 EU member states is exposed to road traffic noise at mean levels exceeding 55 dB(A). Nearly 80 million people, 20% of the population, are exposed to levels exceeding 65 dB(A) during daytime and more than 30% of the population is exposed to levels exceeding 55 dB(A) during night time. Such high noise levels cause health risks and social disorders (aggressiveness, protest, and helplessness), interference of communication and disturbance of sleep; the long- and short-term consequences cause adverse cardiovascular effects, detrimental hormonal responses (stress hormones), and possible disturbance of the human metabolism (nutrition) and the immune system. Even performance at work and school could be impaired.

Beckenbauer, Thomas

164

Tumbleweed Road: A novel  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tumbleweed Road is a novel that began as a short story in a fiction workshop many years ago. The novel is set in the contemporary American South and traces one tumultuous summer in the life of a 14-year-old girl named Carolina Wells. The plot of the story is as follows: Carolina, a 14-year-old girl from Crow, Florida, does not understand

Erin Trauth

2010-01-01

165

Health-hazard evaluation report HETA 91-213-2123, G. T. Jones Tire and Battery Distributing Inc. , Birmingham, Alabama  

SciTech Connect

In response to a request for technical assistance from the Alabama Health Department, possible hazardous working conditions at the G.T. Jones Tire and Battery Distributing Company (SIC-5093), Birmingham, Alabama were evaluated. The company employed 15 persons in battery breaking and recycling. Twelve of the workers had blood lead (7439921) levels over 60 micrograms/deciliter (microg/dl) and the average of the last three blood levels exceeded 50microg/dl for 13 of the employees. Blood lead levels greater than 60 were associated with biochemical evidence of impaired heme synthesis and impaired renal function. Fourteen workers had elevated zinc protoporphyrin (ZPP) levels over 100microg/dl consistent with moderate lead poisoning. Three had ZPPs over 600 microg/dl, consistent with severe lead poisoning. The authors conclude that a health hazard existed from overexposure to lead. The authors recommend measures to reduce exposures.

Gittleman, J.; Estacio, P.; O'Brien, D.; Montopoli, M.

1991-06-01

166

Enhancing Diversity at the PhD Level in Physics: The Fisk-Vanderbilt Masters-to-PhD Bridge Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We very briefly review the current status of underrepresented minorities in the physical sciences: The underrepresentation of Black-, Hispanic-, and Native-Americans is an order of magnitude problem. We then describe the Fisk-Vanderbilt Masters-to-PhD Bridge program as a successful model for effective partnerships with minority-serving institutions toward addressing this problem. Since 2004 the program has admitted 42 students, 37 of them underrepresented minorities (60% female), with a retention rate of 92%. The program is on pace to become the nation's top producer of underrepresented minority PhDs in physics, astronomy, and materials science. Already, the program leads the nation in master's degrees in physics for African Americans, and is one of the top ten producers of physics master's degrees among all US citizens in general. We summarize the main features of the program including two of its core strategies: (1) partnering a minority-serving institution and a major research university through collaborative research, and (2) using the master's degree as a deliberate stepping stone to the PhD. We also specifically discuss one of the emerging core theories of the program: the concept of students with "unrealized or unrecognized potential." We discuss our methods to recognize and select for unrealized potential during the admissions process, and how we cultivate that unrealized potential toward development of successful scientists and leaders.

Stassun, Keivan

2011-04-01

167

Increasing Diversity at the PhD Level in Astronomy: The Fisk-Vanderbilt Masters-to-PhD Bridge Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We briefly review the current status of underrepresented minorities in the physical sciences: The underrepresentation of Black-, Hispanic-, and Native-Americans is an order of magnitude problem. We then describe the Fisk-Vanderbilt Masters-to-PhD Bridge program as a successful model for effective partnerships with minority-serving institutions toward addressing this problem. Since 2004 the program has admitted 60 students, 54 of them underrepresented minorities (60% female), with a retention rate of 92%. The program leads the nation in master’s degrees in physics for African Americans, is one of the top ten producers of physics master’s degrees among all US citizens in general, and has become the nation’s top producer of underrepresented minority PhDs in physics, astronomy, and materials science. We summarize the main features of the program including two of its core strategies: (1) partnering a minority-serving institution and a major research university through collaborative research, and (2) using the master’s degree as a deliberate stepping stone to the PhD. We also specifically discuss one of the emerging core theories of the program: the concept of properly identifying students with 'unrealized or unrecognized potential'. We discuss our methods to recognize and select for unrealized potential during the admissions process, and how we cultivate that unrealized potential toward development of successful scientists and leaders.

Stassun, Keivan; Holley-Bockelmann, K.; Berlind, A. A.

2013-01-01

168

Computer Recognition of Roads from Satellite Pictures  

Microsoft Academic Search

A program which recognizes real roads, their intersections, and objects which are road-like is presented. Although the work has been strongly motivated by the real roads as they are seen from the ERTS satellite, the visual model of a road can be used for recognition of any road-like objects. This model is structured in such a way that it can

Ruzena Bajcsy; Mohamad Tavakoli

1976-01-01

169

Physics on the Road  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The idea of teaching socially relevant physics goes beyond the content that we choose to teach. It is also a matter of who we choose to teach and how we choose to teach. In the United States, physics is too often a subject that is studied only by advanced students who have chosen to study math and science. In developing countries, physics is often a subject that is studied by all students, but it is too often taught as an abstract, formal discipline with little connection to the real world of the students. As we look forward to the World Year of Physics 2005, there is a renewed interest in what is being called "Physics on the Road": taking the knowledge, expertise and enthusiasm that we in the physics community share on the road, to be shared with a broader community in schools and other venues. The Little Shop of Physics program at Colorado State University, which I direct, has 12 years of experience in such outreach. We have shared science with students, teachers and families in our local region, around the country, and even internationally. In this talk, I will discuss some of the experiences I have had as part of the Little Shop of Physics program, and the lessons that I have learned about physics and how it is perceived and how it is taught in this country and other countries. This will be an informal talk combining stories of experiences with students and teachers all around the world, examples of teaching techniques and hands-on experiments that we have found to be effective teaching tools, and suggestions for how one might take part in "Physics on the Road" activities - and why this is important. If our subject is to be truly socially relevant, we must expose a broader audience to physics as a subject that is exciting, meaningful - and relevant to the problems of individuals and societies.

Jones, Brian

2004-05-01

170

The road not taken.  

PubMed

The annual Janet Doe Lecture was established in 1966 to honor Janet Doe, emerita librarian of the New York Academy of Medicine. The lecture focuses on either the history or philosophy of health sciences librarianship. This lecture addresses three fundamental values of the field, highlighting basic beliefs of the profession that are at risk: privacy, intellectual property rights, and access to quality information. It calls upon readers to make the everyday choices required to keep the value system of health sciences librarianship in place. Robert Frost's poignant poem "The Road Not Taken" provides the metaphor for examining choices in an information economy. PMID:11209796

Messerle, J

2001-01-01

171

Road traffic injuries.  

PubMed

The appearance of cars has raised materialistic civilization and living standard to an unprecedented level. Today, it is hard to imagine how we human beings can live without cars. Yet, motor vehicles can cause a great number of deaths and injuries as well as considerable economic losses, which have constituted the global burden. Understanding of the occurrence and development of road traffic injuries will contribute to the prevention and control of crash and to the implementation of "everybody has the right to enjoy health" proposed by WHO. PMID:14514360

Wang, Zheng-Guo

2003-10-01

172

The Moonlit Road  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Users who dare to venture down the Moonlit Road will find spooky stories and weird folktales from the American South, told by some of the region's best storytellers. Each month, the site offers several new feature short stories in both text and RealAudio versions. In addition, some stories include a Cultural Background page with information on the history, region, cultures, or peoples behind the story. After free registration, users may also access the Archives, which contains text versions of feature stories from October 1997 forward. A fun site for ghost story fans of all ages.

173

Road profile control methods for laboratory vehicle road simulators  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of laboratory road simulators has become quite common in the automotive industry. Although laboratory road simulators have reduced testing time, two obstacles to improving process automation remain. First, since traditional simulation control parameters are specimen dependent, new data must be acquired for each specimen to ensure accurate test results, significantly adding to the time and cost of the

Larry Mianzo; David Fricke; Rakan Chabaan

1998-01-01

174

View southwest along Route Canterbury Road (Route 169) showing commercial ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View southwest along Route Canterbury Road (Route 169) showing commercial and residential buildings on the east and west sides of the road - Brooklyn Green, North Green, South Green, & West Green, parts of Brown Road, Canterbury Road (Route 169), Hartford Road (Route 6), Hyde Road, Pomfret Road (Route 169), Prince Hill Road, Providence Road (Route 6), Wauregan Road (Routes 169 & 205), & Wolf Den Road, Brooklyn, Windham County, CT

175

View northeast along Wauregan Road (Route 205) showing a residence ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View northeast along Wauregan Road (Route 205) showing a residence on east side of the road from just south of the intersection of Routes 205 and 169 - Brooklyn Green, North Green, South Green, & West Green, parts of Brown Road, Canterbury Road (Route 169), Hartford Road (Route 6), Hyde Road, Pomfret Road (Route 169), Prince Hill Road, Providence Road (Route 6), Wauregan Road (Routes 169 & 205), & Wolf Den Road, Brooklyn, Windham County, CT

176

30 CFR 816.151 - Primary roads.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...foundation, and the weight of vehicles using the road; (5) Natural stream channels... (e) Surfacing. Primary roads shall be surfaced with material...and the weight and speed of vehicles using the road. [53 FR 45212, Nov....

2013-07-01

177

Tracked Vehicle Road Wheel Puller.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A wheel-puller assembly is for forcibly removing a road wheel from a hub and axle associated with a tracked vehicle. The road wheel further includes outer and inner wheel components bolted to a circular array of lugs extending from the vehicle hub. The as...

J. W. Pharaon

2009-01-01

178

RTP AREA ROAD GRADE MEASUREMENTS  

EPA Science Inventory

Grade data collection with GPS equipment is important because the load model component of the MEASURE model uses grade to predict the vehicle load. To date, data collection has been conducted for high priority roads and this task will include other roads not included in the firs...

179

Road safety performance indicators for the interurban road network.  

PubMed

Various road safety performance indicators (SPIs) have been proposed for different road safety research areas, mainly as regards driver behaviour (e.g. seat belt use, alcohol, drugs, etc.) and vehicles (e.g. passive safety); however, no SPIs for the road network and design have been developed. The objective of this research is the development of an SPI for the road network, to be used as a benchmark for cross-region comparisons. The developed SPI essentially makes a comparison of the existing road network to the theoretically required one, defined as one which meets some minimum requirements with respect to road safety. This paper presents a theoretical concept for the determination of this SPI as well as a translation of this theory into a practical method. Also, the method is applied in a number of pilot countries namely the Netherlands, Portugal, Greece and Israel. The results show that the SPI could be efficiently calculated in all countries, despite some differences in the data sources. In general, the calculated overall SPI scores were realistic and ranged from 81 to 94%, with the exception of Greece where the SPI was relatively lower (67%). However, the SPI should be considered as a first attempt to determine the safety level of the road network. The proposed method has some limitations and could be further improved. The paper presents directions for further research to further develop the SPI. PMID:23268762

Yannis, George; Weijermars, Wendy; Gitelman, Victoria; Vis, Martijn; Chaziris, Antonis; Papadimitriou, Eleonora; Azevedo, Carlos Lima

2012-12-24

180

Silk Roads or Steppe Roads? The Silk Roads in World History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explores the prehistory of the Silk Roads, reexamines their structure and history in the classical era, and explores shifts in their geography in the last one thousand years. Explains that a revised understanding of the Silk Roads demonstrates how the Afro-Eurasian land mass has been linked by networks of exchange since the Bronze Age. (CMK)|

Christian, David

2000-01-01

181

Birth prevalence of malformations in members of different ethnic groups and in the offspring of matings between them, in Birmingham, England  

Microsoft Academic Search

STUDY OBJECTIVES--The aims were: (1) to compare the birth prevalence of malformations in different ethnic groups and (2) to explore the reasons for the ethnic variations found by examining birth prevalence in the offspring of matings between ethnic groups. DESIGN--Analysis of data from a register of malformations and register of births. SETTING--Birmingham, England. SUBJECTS--A total of 432,778 infants (including stillbirths)

I Leck; R J Lancashire

1995-01-01

182

Slipperiness on roads - an expert system classification  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A method for classifying different types of slipperiness on roads in Sweden is described. Using this method it is possible to survey road conditions in different areas and between different years to optimise winter road maintenance. Winter road maintenance in Sweden is generally undertaken by the national road administration to improve winter-time road conditions, thereby keeping up the traffic flow and decreasing the accident rate. As a number of different types of slipperiness may develop on roads in winter, each due to a specific set of meteorological variables, maintenance work can be a complicated task. With the proposed classification method it becomes easier for the winter maintenance personnel to analyse information on road conditions and survey the distribution of road slipperiness in a region. The classification is performed with an expert system using meteorological data from the Swedish Road Weather Information System. The road condition is classified as good or as one out of ten different types of slipperiness on roads. Road conditions during three different winter periods are analysed. The results show that variations in climate produce substantial differences in annual road condition characteristics. The output from the expert system classifying road slipperiness is compared with recorded winter road maintenance reports. Maintenance action took place on 49% of all occasions when road conditions were classified as slippery.

Norrman, Jonas

2000-03-01

183

Results of the centralisation of adult emergency oral and maxillofacial surgical services at the University Hospital, Birmingham.  

PubMed

In 2001, the oral and maxillofacial surgical (OMFS) services for adults in Birmingham were centralised at the Selly Oak site of the University Hospital and the OMFS department was given access to the emergency operating theatre every day. We examined the effects of this on the emergency workload during the 6 months after centralisation and compared it with the emergency workload at the University Hospital during the 6 months before centralisation. The number of adult patients who attended the University Hospital as emergencies increased from 242 in the 6 months before centralisation to 545 in the subsequent 6 months (an increase of 127%). Of the latter 164 (30%) were admitted and operated on, 138 (84%) within 24h of admission. Despite the large increase in the number of patients, 102 (74%) were operated on during normal working hours. After centralisation, all operations were done on multidisciplinary emergency lists compared with only 55% before centralisation. Centralisation did not reduce the access of patients to the emergency service and conformed with the guidelines of the National Confidential Enquiry into Perioperative Deaths (NCEPOD). PMID:16310906

James, G J; Gibbons, A J; Srinivasan, D; Dover, M Stephen

2005-11-28

184

Road detection on radar imagery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Detecting a road network on radar imagery is becoming a new area in remote sensing. This report is an attempt to build a facet-based road network detection procedure for radar imagery. This procedure includes the line detection part and the road detection and connection part. The first part analytically detects linear features using a facet valley-finding technique which looks for the first directional derivative zero-crossing of a bicubic facet model. The second part statistically screens the linear features on a component-by-component base and then optimally connects the screened linear features using a dynamic programming algorithm.

Kim, J. J.; Haralick, R. M.

1985-09-01

185

Streets ahead on safety: young people's participation in decision-making to address the European road injury 'epidemic'.  

PubMed

This paper reports on Birmingham City Council's Streets Ahead on Safety project which aims to improve road safety and quality of life in an area of multiple deprivation where 87 000 people from largely Asian, immigrant backgrounds live. A third of residents are under 16 years old and 58% self-define their religion as Muslim. The area has a poor traffic accident record leading to high levels of killed or seriously injured children. Child accidental injury in Europe is reaching 'epidemic' proportions, requiring innovative, ameliorative approaches to redress. Existing UK school-based road safety initiatives rarely extend beyond the 'tokenistic', but this project endeavoured to encourage a highway authority, engineers and road safety officers to provide local young people with opportunities to participate in decision-making in the belief that the active engagement of young service users would lead to more effective and sustainable solutions to accident prevention. Embracing the city's ratification of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989), this project promoted young people's participation in decision-making around engineering plans for their local community. The project included 405 young people aged 9-11 years who conducted environmental audits, interactive road safety awareness and citizenship training, and engaged as decision-makers. Successful outcomes include increased knowledge of road and community safety issues, and the establishment of young people as stakeholders in the development of their own safety and active engagement with service providers in the development of engineering proposals. This paper highlights the potential dynamics of participation and the dilemmas it poses for relationships between service users and providers, and outlines some of the barriers confronted by young people in learning to be active participants. PMID:18328057

Kimberlee, Richard

2008-03-03

186

34. At Willard, Oklahoma Road north of Willard Road, at ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

34. At Willard, Oklahoma Road north of Willard Road, at the site of the former Cook House for Willard Mill (upper mill that cut cants for Broughton Lumber Company's flume). Section of feeder after Lava Creek, looking down flume. Note extra large size of "V" in water supply vs. cant portions of flume. South/southeast 170 degrees. - Broughton Flume, Hood River Junction on Columbia River at Washington/Oregon border, Hood, Skamania County, WA

187

Vehicle-Generated Road Damage: A Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

The literature concerned with road damage caused by heavy commercial vehicles is reviewed. The main types of vehicle-generated road damage are described and the methods that can be used to analyse them are presented. Attention is given to the principal features of the response of road surfaces to vehicle loads and mathematical models that have been developed to predict road

David CEBON

1989-01-01

188

The contribution of on-road studies of road user behaviour to improving road safety.  

PubMed

For over 40 years transport safety researchers have been using methods of vehicle instrumentation to gain greater insights into the factors that contribute to road user crash risk and the associated crash factors. In the previous decade in particular the widespread availability of lower cost and more advanced methods of vehicle instrumentation and recording technologies are supporting the increasing number of on-road research studies worldwide. The design of these studies ranges from multi-method studies using instrumented test vehicles and defined driving routes, to field operational tests, through to much larger and more naturalistic studies. It is timely to assess the utility of these methods for studying the influences of driver characteristics and states, the design and operation of the road system, and the influences of in-vehicle technologies on behaviour and safety for various road user groups. This special issue considers the extent to which on-road studies using vehicle instrumentation have been used to advance knowledge across these areas of road safety research. The papers included in this issue illustrate how research using instrumented test vehicles continues to generate new knowledge, and how the larger scale United States and European naturalistic and field operational test studies are providing a wealth of data about road user behaviour in real traffic. This is balanced with a number of studies that present methodological developments in data collection and analysis methods that, while promising, need further validation. The use of on-road methods to accurately describe the behaviours occurring in everyday real-world conditions, to quantify risks for safety critical events, and an improved understanding of the factors that contribute to risk, clearly has huge potential to promote further road trauma reductions. PMID:23896449

Lenné, Michael G

2013-06-14

189

Guidelines on Road Design Aesthetics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report sets out guidelines and internationally accepted principles on the aesthetic design of roads. It uses many photographs and sketches to illustrate the poor aesthetic effects resulting from uncoordinated vertical and horizontal alignment and edg...

N. Hyde

1981-01-01

190

Road Rage: What's Driving It?  

PubMed

Up to one-third of community participants report being perpetrators of road rage, indicating that various forms of road rage are relatively commonplace. However, only two percent or less of incidents culminate in serious damage to persons or vehicles. The most common offenders appear to be young and male. A number of factors may contribute to road rage, including environmental factors (e.g., greater number of miles driven per day, traffic density), nonspecific psychological factors (e.g., displaced aggression, attribution of blame to others), and bona fide Axis I and II disorders. The most common Axis I disorders appear to be related to alcohol and substance misuse, whereas possible Axis II disorders include borderline and antisocial personality disorders. Being aware of these contributory factors to road rage may improve general clinical awareness of the nature and treatment of perpetrators. PMID:20805914

Sansone, Randy A; Sansone, Lori A

2010-07-01

191

MAJOR ROADS COVERAGE AND DATASET  

EPA Science Inventory

The Topologically Integrated Geographic Encoding and Referencing (TIGER) system contains digital descriptions of water and transportation features - rivers, lakes, roads, railroads, etc. - as well as major power lines and pipelines. This coverage is a subset of the larger TIGER ...

192

Microwave Heating for Road Maintenance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes a two-year program during which a high power microwave generator was designed, fabricated, and tested. The microwave road patch system consists of a microwave power generating system and an associated cooling unit and applicator. Thi...

L. L. Boyko E. H. Lederer R. G. Sawyer

1976-01-01

193

The Physics of Road Runner  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page provides clips from Warner Brothers Road Runner and Coyote cartoons. Suggestions for use are included next to each clip. A Microsoft PowerPoint presentation based on the clips is also provided.

Burns, Dan

2008-08-27

194

The Dilemma of Mountain Roads  

EPA Science Inventory

Mountain roads and trails are proliferating throughout developing Southeast Asia with severe but largely unrecognized long-term consequences related to effects of landslides and surface erosion on communities and downstream resources....

195

Incident Detection in Urban Road  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a A video-based incident detection system for monitoring the urban road is investigated in this paper. The developed surveillance\\u000a system can monitor not only vehicles and motorcycles on the road surface but also pedestrians on the walkway and the prohibitive\\u000a zones in the image. Several different kinds of incident can be detected in the presented system, such as the congestion, the

Wu Bing-Fei; Kao Chih-Chung; Chen Chao-Jung; Li Yen-Feng; Chen Ying-Han; Yang Cheng-Yen

196

Autonomous Robotic Vehicle Road Following  

Microsoft Academic Search

A description is given of the system architecture of an autonomous vehicle and its real-time adaptive vision system for road-following. The vehicle is a 10-ton armored personnel carrier modified for robotic control. A color transformation that best discriminates road and nonroad regions is derived from labeled data samples. A maximum-likelihood pixel classification technique is then used to classify pixels in

Darwin T. Kuan; Gary Phipps; A.-CHUAN HSUEH

1988-01-01

197

Historic Roads of Virginia. Amelia County Road Orders 1735-1753.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The road history projects undertaken by the Virginia Transportation Research Council establish the feasibility of studies of early road networks and their use in the environmental review process. These projects, by gathering and publishing the early road ...

N. M. Pawlett A. B. Miller K. M. Clark

2002-01-01

198

Alveolar bone grafting: achieving the organisational standards determined by CSAG, a baseline audit at the Birmingham Children's Hospital.  

PubMed Central

INTRODUCTION: Birmingham Children's Hospital (BCH) is the centre for a regional comprehensive cleft service attempting to implement the national guidelines for minimum standards of care. A national audit of cleft management (CSAG) found that 58% of alveolar bone grafts were successful; published series suggest that success rates can be of the order of 95%. We present the results of an audit of alveolar bone grafting over a 33-month period, after implementation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective clinical process audit was taken from the hospital notes and an analysis of radiological outcome by Bergland score was obtained by two independent assessors. RESULTS: The audit highlighted the difficulties of integrating the increased clinical workload. Other difficulties included poorly standardised pre- and postoperative occlusal radiography, inconsistent orthodontic management and a lack of prospective data collection. An 81% success rate for alveolar bone grafting compares favourably to the CSAG study. Of 82 patients, 68 had sufficient data for a retrospective review; 21 were our own patients and 47 were referred into the centralised service. The success of bone grafting as defined by CSAG (including Bergland scores) is based on only two-thirds of the patients as many have their orthodontic treatment managed in more distant units and radiographs are much harder to obtain. Bone grafting later than age 11 years, was true for 28% (6/21) of our BCH patients and 46% (22/47) for those referred to our service. CONCLUSIONS: This audit demonstrates what has been achieved in a re-organised service in the context of Real Politik in the NHS and suggests the areas that require improvement.

Clarkson, J.; Paterson, P.; Thorburn, G.; El-Ali, K.; Richard, B.; Hammond, M.; Wake, M.

2005-01-01

199

Road Nail: Experimental Solar Powered Intelligent Road Marking System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Driving in low visibility conditions (night time, fog or heavy precipitation) is particularly challenging task with an increased probability of traffic accidents and possible injuries. Road Nail is a solar powered intelligent road marking system of wirelessly networked signaling devices that improve driver safety in low visibility conditions along hazardous roadways. Nails or signaling devices are autonomous nodes with capability to accumulate energy, exchange wireless messages, detect approaching vehicles and emit signalization light. We have built an experimental test-bed that consists of 20 nodes and a cellular gateway. Implementation details of the above system, including extensive measurements and performance evaluations in realistic field deployments are presented. A novel distributed network topology discovery scheme is proposed which integrates both sensor and wireless communication aspects, where nodes act autonomously. Finally, integration of the Road Nail system with the cellular network and the Internet is described.

Samardžija, Dragan; Tesli?, Nikola; Todorovi?, Branislav M.; Kova?, Erne; Isailovi?, ?or?e; Miladinovi?, Bojan

2012-03-01

200

Update on Road Traffic Crashes  

PubMed Central

Road traffic injuries comprise the major share of all injuries globally. Traffic injuries kill 1.2 million people annually and injure 40 times as many, leaving a subsequent number totally disabled. Globally we spend approximately US $500 billion annually. The Middle East encompasses West Asia and North Africa and is very diverse economically, culturally and socially. Prevention and management of road traffic crashes and injuries is difficult. Comparative data are not readily available and therefore developing unified policies is a mammoth task. Implementation of best practices is not uniformly advocated due to socioeconomic and cultural differences. Enforcement of endorsed legislation on road traffic safety is not uniform in the region. Professional staff to combat this pandemic are scarce and it is important that capacity building, knowledge sharing, and increased political will becomes a priority in the region. This paper discusses the problems encountered in the prevention and management of road traffic injuries from the site of injury to rehabilitation and social reintegration. The role of Oman and that of the Bone and Joint Decade in the United Nations on Global Road Safety and its update is highlighted.

2008-01-01

201

Review of the 92nd Annual Meeting of the British Association of Dermatologists, 3-5 July 2012, Birmingham, U.K.  

PubMed

This is a synopsis of the main research and clinical findings presented at the 92nd Annual Meeting of the British Association of Dermatologists, held on 3-5 July 2012 in Birmingham, U.K. The conference highlighted the biological, epidemiological and therapeutic advances that have been made recently in the field of dermatology. This synopsis is a selection of the major findings from the meeting; it is not intended to be a substitute for reading the conference proceedings and related references quoted in this article. PMID:23278558

Lam, M L; Patel, A N; Ferguson, A D

2013-01-01

202

Wireless across road: RF based road traffic congestion detection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Road congestion is a common problem worldwide. Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) seek to alleviate this problem using technology. But most ITS techniques, currently used in developed countries, are inapplicable in developing regions due to high cost and assumptions of orderly traffic. Efforts in developing regions have been few. In this paper, we seek to develop a low-cost ITS technique to

Swaroop Roy; Rijurekha Sen; Swanand Kulkarni; Purushottam Kulkarni; Bhaskaran Raman; Lokendra Kumar Singh

2011-01-01

203

SR 28, Grant Road South-Frontage Road, Washington.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The proposed project consists of the construction of 2600 feet of two-lane frontage road through a partially developed commercial and industrial area, and rocky, arid, undeveloped land. The purpose of the project is to establish access control along both ...

1971-01-01

204

West Virginia Asphaltic Concrete Test Road.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper presents the background information that led to the asphaltic concrete test road, and describes in detail the planning and programming that preceded construction. The purposes of the test road were (1) to determine the effect of temperature of ...

B. E. Ruth G. W. Steele J. H. Schaub R. T. Hughes

1964-01-01

205

3. ENVIRONMENT, FROM SOUTH, SHOWING RIVER ROAD RIDGE CARRYING CASSELMAN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. ENVIRONMENT, FROM SOUTH, SHOWING RIVER ROAD RIDGE CARRYING CASSELMAN RIVER ROAD OVER CASSELMAN RIVER - River Road Bridge, Crossing Casselman River on Casselman River Road, Grantsville, Garrett County, MD

206

Mine haul road maintenance management systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In surface mining operations, ultra-heavy trucks operate on haul road networks which are typically from 10-40km in length. These road networks are often not optimally designed and maintained and as a result, identifying and remediating road functional defects is problematic. Most surface mine operators agree good roads are desirable, but find it difficult to translate this into an ef- fective

R. J. Thompson

207

Vehicle-road interaction, evolution of road profiles and present serviceability index  

Microsoft Academic Search

Starting with a 2-dimensinonal model for a road structure, we derive the expressions for the dynamic strain, stress, and displacement in the road structure by considering together pavement material properties, truck dynamic characteristics, and road surface profile characteristics in a unified framework. The change of the road surface profile is then predicted according the number of cumulative truckloads exerted on

Chiu Liu

2000-01-01

208

Road Tests of Alertness Variables.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study consisted of an on-road validation of a previous study (Contract No. FH-11-7313) of factors affecting driver alertness which used a driving simulator to investigate the effects of driving time, acoustic noise, and task complexity on driver perfo...

R. C. Sugarman C. P. Cozad

1972-01-01

209

Notes on Road Accident Statistics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Road Research Laboratory has organised courses in traffic and safety for the benefit of police officers and highway engineerings for a number of years. The notes for one of the lectures, dealing with accident statistics form the basis of the report. I...

H. D. Johnson F. Garwood

1971-01-01

210

Methanol - Alternative Fuel Road Traffic.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This brochure names the fuel properties that are required for road traffic, discusses the replacement of petrol by methanol, discusses the possibilities of manufacturing methanol, draws up a timetable and an organigram for a (M-15) large scale test and co...

H. Muendler

1980-01-01

211

On the Road to Chaos  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Two simple mathematical models for how individual vehicles follow each other along a stretch of road are discussed. The resulting difference equations can be used as applications of techniques taught at A-level and first year undergraduate level, and as an introduction to the behaviour of the logistic map.|

McCartney, Mark; Gibson, Sharon

2004-01-01

212

Road map for utility diversification  

SciTech Connect

Under a growing impetus to shift their business emphasis, utility companies can find the road to diversification rife with problems and uncertainties. Studies of possible new business opportunities come relatively easy, but success in embarking upon them is anything but easy. This article provides useful insights into the process, and points out some important prerequisites for successful diversification efforts. 17 references, 2 figures.

Lewis, J.D.; Ross, W.W.

1982-12-23

213

Pollution-free road lighting  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

They relate to reducing road accidents and some forms of crime but also enhance the social safety of residents and pedestrians and the amenity for residents. Road traffic in developing countries is much more hazardous than in industrialized countries. Accident rates in 'low' income countries may be as much as 35 times higher than in 'high' income countries. Thus, it might be much more cost-effective to light roads in the developing world than in the industrialized world. Fighting light pollution is more pressing in developing countries as most of the major high-class astronomical observatories are there. Astronomical observations are disturbed by light from outdoor lighting installations, part of which is scattered in the atmosphere to form 'sky glow'. The International Lighting Commission CIE has published a Technical Report giving general guidance for lighting designers and policy makers on the reduction of the sky glow. Lighting improves visibility, essential for almost all human activity. However, light that hits the road contributes to visibility only if it is reflected. In poorly designed lighting equipment much of the lumen output of the lamps is sent directly upwards. This can be avoided by properly defined light fittings. The light output of fittings is determined by their optical quality and by the installation maintenance factor. Open fittings are to be preferred. If mounted horizontally, they make street lighting with the least light pollution.

Schreuder, Duco A.

214

Roads toward environmentally sustainable transport  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores roads toward environmentally sustainable transport, with particular emphasis on the bottlenecks preventing the achievement of policy objectives of reconciling the economic interests of the transport sector with environmental constraints. Several arguments substantiated by empirical evidence from various countries are put forward to demonstrate that current megatrends in transport are at odds with a sustainable development and lead

Peter Nijkamp

1994-01-01

215

ALV structural road following system  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we present a real-time lane mark line following system used for high speed ALV navigation on structural road. The white line on black ground is obtained by the color transform of the input RGB image. The white line head is searched by a local thresholding and hypothesis-verification method. A window searching scheme with local projection and voting

Ling-Xiang Zhou; Xiu-Qing Ye; Wei-Kang Gu

1996-01-01

216

On the Road to Chaos  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two simple mathematical models for how individual vehicles follow each other along a stretch of road are discussed. The resulting difference equations can be used as applications of techniques taught at A-level and first year undergraduate level, and as an introduction to the behaviour of the logistic map.

McCartney, Mark; Gibson, Sharon

2004-01-01

217

Artificial vision in road vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

The last few decades have witnessed the birth and growth of a new sensibility to transportation efficiency. In particular the need for efficient and improved people and goods mobility has pushed researchers to address the problem of intelligent transportation systems. This paper surveys the most advanced approaches to (partial) customization of the road following task, using on-board systems based on

MASSIMO BERTOZZI; ALBERTO BROGGI; MASSIMO CELLARIO; ALESSANDRA FASCIOLI; PAOLO LOMBARDI; MARCO PORTA

2002-01-01

218

Vision For Intelligent Road Vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part Of an @'* '' demonstrate ' ''' autonomous a system of visual object recognition modules was develOped within the EUREKA pRoMETHEvs Over the last four years. Together, the modules constitute a basis for an intelligent road vehicle, able to recognize franc situations in real time and to react accordingly. They were still be considered a high-performance robot vision

Volker Graefe

1993-01-01

219

General Road Detection From a Single Image  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given a single image of an arbitrary road, that may not be well-paved, or have clearly delineated edges, or some a priori known color or texture distribution, is it possible for a computer to find this road? This paper addresses this question by decomposing the road detection process into two steps: the estimation of the vanishing point associated with the

Hui Kong; Jean-Yves Audibert; Jean Ponce

2010-01-01

220

Monocular road segmentation using slow feature analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper a novel approach for road detection with a monocular camera is introduced. We propose a two step approach, combining a patch-based segmentation with additional boundary detection. We use Slow Feature Analysis (SFA) which leads to improved appearance descriptors for road and non-road parts on patch level. From the slow features a low order feature set is formed

Tobias Kuhnl; Franz Kummert; Jannik Fritsch

2011-01-01

221

A method for following unmarked roads  

Microsoft Academic Search

Road-following for ground vehicles has been widely studied and the solutions normally tracks line markings or a salient road edge. Most of the presented approaches are thus based on geometric or spectral models and does a fit of image data to the model to ensure robustness. For operation on unmarked roads under highly varying weather and light conditions a strategy

Ola Ramstrom; Henrik Christensen

2005-01-01

222

Evaluation of Road Marking Feature Extraction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a systematic approach to evaluate algorithms for extracting road marking features from images. This specific topic is seldom addressed in the literature while many road marking detection algorithms have been proposed. Most of them can be decomposed into three steps: extracting road marking features, estimating a geometrical marking model, tracking the parameters of the geometrical model along

Thomas Veit; Jean-Philippe Tarel; Philippe Nicolle; Pierre Charbonnier

2008-01-01

223

ROAD AND TRAFFIC SIGN DETECTION AND RECOGNITION  

Microsoft Academic Search

2 Abstract. This paper presents an overview of the road and traffic sign detection and recognition. It describes the characteristics of the road signs, the requirements and difficulties behind road signs detection and recognition, how to deal with outdoor images, and the different techniques used in the image segmentation based on the colour analysis, shape analysis. It shows also the

Hasan FLEYEH; Mark DOUGHERTY

224

Road traffic sign detection and classification  

Microsoft Academic Search

A vision-based vehicle guidance system for road vehicles can have three main roles: (1) road detection; (2) obstacle detection; and (3) sign recognition. The first two have been studied for many years and with many good results, but traffic sign recognition is a less-studied field. Traffic signs provide drivers with very valuable information about the road, in order to make

A. de la Escalera; L. E. Moreno; M. A. Salichs; J. M. Armingol

1997-01-01

225

Which parts of the road guide steering?  

Microsoft Academic Search

A DRIVER steering a car on a twisting road has two distinct tasks: to match the road curvature, and to keep a proper distance from the lane edges. Both are achieved by turning the steering wheel, but it is not clear which part or parts of the road ahead supply the visual information needed, or how it is used. Current

Michael Land; Julia Horwood

1995-01-01

226

Road Detection in Panchromatic SPOT Satellite Images  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this study is to detect the main road network in high resolution, panchromatic SPOT satellite images. We describe an automatic procedure for road detection which has the following advantages over the previous approaches: 1) it does not require manual initialization; 2) it is able to detect some of the secondary roads in addition to the main highways;

Nicolae Duta

2000-01-01

227

Probabilistic Weather Forecasting for Winter Road Maintenance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Road maintenance is one of the main problems Departments of Transportation face during winter time. Anti-icing, i.e. applying chemicals to the road to prevent ice formation, is often used to keep the roads free of ice. Given the preventive nature of anti-...

V. J. Berrocal A. Raftery T. Gneiting R. C. Steed

2007-01-01

228

Road tracing by profile matching and Kalman filtering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Road tracing is a promising technique to increase the efficiency of road mapping. In this paper a new road tracing algorithm is presented. Road po sitions are c omputed b y matching the a verage grey v alue profile of a reference road segment with p rofiles taken from the image. The road parameters are e stimated b y the

George Vosselman; Jurrien de Knecht

1995-01-01

229

Understanding Road Usage Patterns in Urban Areas  

PubMed Central

In this paper, we combine the most complete record of daily mobility, based on large-scale mobile phone data, with detailed Geographic Information System (GIS) data, uncovering previously hidden patterns in urban road usage. We find that the major usage of each road segment can be traced to its own - surprisingly few - driver sources. Based on this finding we propose a network of road usage by defining a bipartite network framework, demonstrating that in contrast to traditional approaches, which define road importance solely by topological measures, the role of a road segment depends on both: its betweeness and its degree in the road usage network. Moreover, our ability to pinpoint the few driver sources contributing to the major traffic flow allows us to create a strategy that achieves a significant reduction of the travel time across the entire road system, compared to a benchmark approach.

Wang, Pu; Hunter, Timothy; Bayen, Alexandre M.; Schechtner, Katja; Gonzalez, Marta C.

2012-01-01

230

Understanding Road Usage Patterns in Urban Areas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we combine the most complete record of daily mobility, based on large-scale mobile phone data, with detailed Geographic Information System (GIS) data, uncovering previously hidden patterns in urban road usage. We find that the major usage of each road segment can be traced to its own - surprisingly few - driver sources. Based on this finding we propose a network of road usage by defining a bipartite network framework, demonstrating that in contrast to traditional approaches, which define road importance solely by topological measures, the role of a road segment depends on both: its betweeness and its degree in the road usage network. Moreover, our ability to pinpoint the few driver sources contributing to the major traffic flow allows us to create a strategy that achieves a significant reduction of the travel time across the entire road system, compared to a benchmark approach.

Wang, Pu; Hunter, Timothy; Bayen, Alexandre M.; Schechtner, Katja; González, Marta C.

2012-12-01

231

Secrets of the Silk Road  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Secrets of the Silk Road is another worthy addition to the growing body of Web-based information about the Silk Road (see, for example, The International Dunhuang Project, founded in 1998 and mentioned in several Scout Reports), launched by the Bowers Museum of Santa Ana, California and presented by University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. This site includes artifacts documenting the history of the Silk Road in the vast Tarim Basin in the Far Western Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of China. Three well-preserved mummies from the Tarim Basin have been brought to the United States for the exhibition, along with lavish grave goods. Visitors to the website can view images of "The Beauty of Xiaohe," a female mummy from 1800-1500 BCE and other treasures ranging from a Chrysanthemum Shaped Dessert from the 5th-3rd century BCE, to gold objects such as mask from 5th-6th century CE or the Gold Plaque with Lion Design, 5th-3rd Century BCE.

232

4. Historic American Buildings Survey, From Benjamin J. Lossing, Pictorial ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. Historic American Buildings Survey, From Benjamin J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the American Revolution, 1855, page 169, EXTERIOR SKETCH, 1855. - Birmingham Friends Meetinghouse, Birmingham & Meetinghouse Roads, Birmingham, Chester County, PA

233

Automatic road extraction for airborne lidar data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Airborne LiDAR, as a precise and fast earth's surface three-dimensional (3D) measuring method, has been widely used in the past decades. It provides a new approach for acquiring road information. By analyzing the characteristics of LiDAR datasets as well as that of the road in the datasets, a morphological method has been proposed to automatically extract the road from airborne LiDAR datasets. Firstly, ground points are segmented from raw LiDAR data by morphological operations. The key factor in this process is how to select the window sizes in different scale spaces, and setting the elevation threshold to prevent over-segmentation in each scale space. Secondly, candidate road points are segmented from the ground points, which are obtained from previous step, by intensity constraint, local point density and region area constraint, and so on. Thirdly, morphological opening operation and closing operation were used to process the candidate road points segmented from above steps. The opening operation may effectively filter the noise areas, and greatly maintain the road detail. The closing operation may fill the small holes within the road, connecting nearby roads, and smoothing the road boundary, without signification area change. The main road can be extracted from the raw airborne LiDAR points by previous three steps. Finally, the proposed method has been verified by LiDAR data which consists of complex road networks. The result shows that the proposed method can automatically extract road from airborne LiDAR data with higher efficiency and precision.

Wang, Yuan; Chen, Siying; Zhang, Yinchao; Chen, He; Guo, Pan; Yang, Jian

2013-09-01

234

Environmental exposure of road borders to zinc  

Microsoft Academic Search

The emissions of zinc along roads originating from tyre wear, corrosion of safety fence and other traffic-related sources have been quantified and validated by measured long-term loads in road run-off and airborne solids (drift) for 29 published case studies. The distribution pattern over the road border at various distances from the edge of the paved surface is assessed on the

J. Blok

2005-01-01

235

Psychiatric consequences of road traffic accidents  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE--To determine the psychiatric consequences of being a road traffic accident victim. DESIGN--Follow up study of road accident victims for up to one year. SETTING--Emergency department of the John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford. SUBJECTS--188 consecutive road accident victims aged 18-70 with multiple injuries (motorcycle or car) or whiplash neck injury, who had not been unconscious for more than 15 minutes, and

R Mayou; B Bryant; R Duthie

1993-01-01

236

Haul Road Dust Control: Fugitive Dust Characteristics from Surface Mine Haul Roads and Methods of Control.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Surface mining operations use large off-road haul trucks extensively to move material at mining properties. Past research, using the United States Environmental Protection Agencys (EPA) emissions factors for unpaved haul roads, has shown that haul trucks ...

J. A. Organiscak W. R. Reed

2008-01-01

237

Soil Stabilization for Low-Volume Roads. Volume 2. Road Engineer's Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is a guide booklet for the road engineers to provide assistance in evaluating and designing stabilized soil pavements for low-volume roads. The information about specific factors such as traffic, soil, climate, stabilizer selection, unique desi...

P. L. Arora L. Crowther G. Akhter

1986-01-01

238

23. Road view at Jim Camp Wash. Note Rainbow Museum ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

23. Road view at Jim Camp Wash. Note Rainbow Museum at rear. Road is on east-west axis here as original design of Rainbow Museum area. Long Logs Road to left foreground. Park Road to right foreground. Looking W. - Petrified Forest National Park Roads & Bridges, Holbrook, Navajo County, AZ

239

INFILTRATION, EROSION, AND VEGETATION RECOVERY FOLLOWING ROAD OBLITERATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Forest roads are obliterated to lower the risks of surface erosion and mass failures. One purpose of the road obliteration is to return the compacted forest roads to productive pre-road conditions, i.e., a forest floor with high infiltration capacity, low interrill erodibility, and high vegetation ground cover. It is important to know how these characteristics recover following road obliteration. Infiltration

R. B. Foltz; H. Rhee; K. A. Yanosek

240

Erosion and sediment delivery following removal of forest roads  

Microsoft Academic Search

Erosion control treatments were applied to abandoned logging roads in California, with the goal of reducing road-related sediment input to streams and restoring natural hydrologic patterns on the landscape. Treatment of stream crossings involved excavating culverts and associated road fill and reshaping streambanks. A variety of techniques were applied to road benches, which included decompacting the road surface, placing unstable

Mary Ann Madej

2001-01-01

241

The Use of Theatre Tours in Road Safety Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Scottish Road Safety Campaign and the Road Safety Council of Wales have made a large investment in theater tours as a method of providing road safety education. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a road safety message delivered by a theater group, Road Safety Officers (RSOs), or, teachers for pupils in upper secondary classes.…

Powney, Janet; And Others

242

Distribution of road traffic deaths by road user group: a global comparison  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background:Road traffic deaths are a major global health and development problem. An understanding of the existing burden of road traffic deaths in the population is necessary for developing effective interventions.Objective:To outline systematically the global distribution of road traffic deaths by road user groups (pedestrians, bicyclists, motorcyclists, motorised four-wheeler occupants).Methods:Comprehensive searches of PubMed, Google, Google Scholar, TransportLink, grey literature and reference

H Naci; D Chisholm; T D Baker

2009-01-01

243

Haul road maintenance: Coherent strategies  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the economic and technical advantages for maintaining and designing good haulage systems at mining sites. It describes the need for good road-surfacing material to reduce wear-and-tear on other equipment. It also discusses good housekeeping practices such as maintaining proper cross grades, drainage ditch control, and cleaning up after spills. Such maintenance procedures are hard work initially but repay dividends through reduced tire and track wear costs, lower fuel bills, reduced operator stress, and reduced potential for accidents.

Walker, S. (Independent Editorial and Technical Services, Oxford (United Kingdom))

1993-12-01

244

Influence of vehicle type and road category on natural resource consumption in road transport  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study calculates the natural resource use of road transport for different road categories and for different vehicle types. Material inputs per service are determined as the life cycle wide consumption of materials by the road and vehicles, and set against person-kilometres and ton-kilometres transported. If the material input of the infrastructure is allocated to the users according to traffic

Arto Saari; Michael Lettenmeier; Kaisa Pusenius; Elviira Hakkarainen

2007-01-01

245

Commercially managed road funds: managing roads like a business, not like a bureaucracy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nearly all countries are seriously short of revenues for investment and maintenance of roads. Improving utilization of the existing road budget has helped to narrow, but not eliminate, this financing gap. Requests for additional resources from the government's budget have fallen on deaf ears, because the road sector has grown too large to be fully-financed through general tax revenues. Government

Ian G. Heggie

1999-01-01

246

Frequency of Loaded Road March Training and Performance on a Loaded Road March.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Four groups of soldiers (N=137) participated in a 9 week physical training program that was similar except for the amount of loaded road march training. Group O (GPO) did not perform any road marching; Group 1 (GP1) road marched once a month; Group 2 (GP2...

J. O'Connor J. Knapik M. Bahrke J. Staab K. Reynolds

1990-01-01

247

Road analysis: a tool for cost-effective rehabilitation measures for Finnish roads  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Public funding for road network maintenance has decreased 30% during the last few years in Finland. Reduced resources, together with the current rehabilitation strategies, will in the long term result in increasing deterioration of the Finnish road network. For this reason road rehabilitation funding should be focused more specifically on those roads and road sections requiring measures and these measures should be optimized to ensure that only the specific problem structure will be repaired. Roadscanners Oy, in cooperation with the Finnish National Road Administration (Finnra), has developed a new and effective Road Analysis technique to survey the condition of roads and road networks. Road Analysis is based on the integrated analysis of the measured data collected from the road under survey. The basic survey methods used in Road Analysis include Ground Penetrating Data (GPR), falling weight deflectometer (FWD), roughness and rutting measurements, pavement distress mapping and GPS-positioning, as well as reference drilling based on preliminary GPR data analysis. The collected road survey data is processed, interpreted, analyzed and classified using Road Doctor software, specifically developed for this purpose. GPR measurements in road analysis are carried out using a 400 MHz ground-coupled antenna and a 1.0 GHz horn antenna. Horn antenna data is used to measure the thickness of the pavement and base course layers, as well as to evaluate their quality based on their dielectric properties. The 400 MHz ground-coupled data is used to estimate the thickness of the pavement structure and embankment. Ground-coupled antenna data is used for subgrade quality estimations and in evaluating the causes of subgrade- related frost defects. GPR data also provides important location information about special structures, such as steel reinforcements, cables and pipelines. Road Analysis includes a classification of the critical elements affecting the lifetime of the road: (1) overall pavement condition, (2) condition assessment of the unbound pavement structure, (3) road fatigue related to subgrade frost-action, (4) drainage condition and (5) local damages, such as settlements of the surveyed road. The results of Road Analysis provide a better understanding of the causes of defects occurring on the road and allow more precise rehabilitation measures for problem layers.

Roimela, Petri; Salmenkaita, Seppo; Maijala, Pekka; Saarenketo, Timo

2000-04-01

248

Global collaboration on road traffic injury prevention.  

PubMed

Worldwide, nearly 1.2 million people are killed in road traffic crashes every year and 20 million to 50 million more are injured or disabled. These injuries account for 2.1% of global mortality and 2.6% of all disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) lost. Low- and middle-income countries account for about 85% of the deaths and 90% of the DALYs lost annually. Without appropriate action, by 2020, road traffic injuries are predicted to be the third leading contributor to the global burden of disease. The economic cost of road traffic crashes is enormous. Globally it is estimated that US$518 billion is spent on road traffic crashes with low- and middle-income countries accounting for US$65 billion--more than these countries receive in development assistance. But these costs are just the tip of the iceberg. For everyone killed, injured or disabled by a road traffic crash there are countless others deeply affected. Many families are driven into poverty by the expenses of prolonged medical care, loss of a family breadwinner or the added burden of caring for the disabled. There is an urgent need for global collaboration on road traffic injury prevention. Since 2000, WHO has stepped up its response to the road safety crisis by firstly developing a 5-year strategy for road traffic injury prevention and following this by dedicating World Health Day 2004 to road safety and launching the WHO/World Bank World Report on Road Traffic Injury Prevention at the global World Health Day event in Paris, France. This short article highlights the main messages from the World Report and the six recommendations for action on road safety at a national and international level. It goes on to briefly discuss other international achievements since World Health Day and calls for countries to take up the challenge of implementing the recommendations of the World Report. PMID:16156532

Peden, Margie

2005-06-01

249

17. RETAINING WALL CRIBBING AND ROAD VIEW, LOOKING IN SOUTHWARD ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

17. RETAINING WALL CRIBBING AND ROAD VIEW, LOOKING IN SOUTHWARD DIRECTION OF TRAVEL BELOW DIAMOND PEAK. ROAD SIGN NOTES SWITCHBACK SEEN IN CA-270-14 TO CA-270-16. LOOKING ESE. - Lassen Park Road, Mineral, Tehama County, CA

250

24. OVERGROWN SECTION OF CORINTH ROAD BETWEEN JUNCTION OF RECONNOITERING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

24. OVERGROWN SECTION OF CORINTH ROAD BETWEEN JUNCTION OF RECONNOITERING ROAD AND THE TOWN OF SHILOH, CLOSED TO TRAFFIC IN 1960s, LOOKING TOWARDS TOWN. VIEW S. - Shiloh National Military Park Tour Roads, Shiloh, Hardin County, TN

251

18. VIEW OF TOWNSEND WYE BRIDGE FROM LITTLE RIVER ROAD ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

18. VIEW OF TOWNSEND WYE BRIDGE FROM LITTLE RIVER ROAD LOOKING W. - Great Smoky Mountains National Park Roads & Bridges, Little River Road, Between Sugarlands Visitor Center & Townsend Wye, Gatlinburg, Sevier County, TN

252

1. EXTERIOR VIEW, LOOKING NORTH NORTHEAST ALONG EASTERN VALLEY ROAD, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. EXTERIOR VIEW, LOOKING NORTH NORTHEAST ALONG EASTERN VALLEY ROAD, WITH FRONT AND SIDE (WEST) ELEVATIONS AND REAR ADDITIONS - Thomas H. Owen House, Eastern Valley Road West of State Road 150, McCalla, Jefferson County, AL

253

4. Ford near the northern end of road looking NNE. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. Ford near the northern end of road looking NNE. - Great Smoky Mountains National Park Roads & Bridges, Rich Mountain Road, Between Cades Cove & park boundary at Rich Mountain Gap, Gatlinburg, Sevier County, TN

254

2. Switchback and General Road view looking S. Great ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. Switchback and General Road view looking S. - Great Smoky Mountains National Park Roads & Bridges, Rich Mountain Road, Between Cades Cove & park boundary at Rich Mountain Gap, Gatlinburg, Sevier County, TN

255

48 CFR 436.579 - Opted timber sale road requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...CONTRACTS Contract Clauses 436.579 Opted timber sale road requirements. The contracting officer shall insert the clause at 452.236-79, Opted Timber Sale Road Requirements, in road construction contracts...

2012-10-01

256

1. Floor of the Valley Road with Zion Lodge in ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Floor of the Valley Road with Zion Lodge in center background and old road grade at far right - Floor of the Valley Road, Between Zion-Mt. Carmel Highway & Temple of Sinawava, Springdale, Washington County, UT

257

BEACH ROAD SHOWING THE LAWN WITH KIAWE TREES BETWEEN THE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

BEACH ROAD SHOWING THE LAWN WITH KIAWE TREES BETWEEN THE ROAD AND THE BEACH. BEACH ROAD IS 14' WIDE. VIEW FACING SOUTH. - Hickam Field, Fort Kamehameha Historic Housing, Along Worchester Avenue & Hope Street, Honolulu, Honolulu County, HI

258

30 CFR 817.150 - Roads: General.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...additional criteria specified by the regulatory authority; (2) A road damaged by a catastrophic event, such as a flood or earthquake, shall be repaired as soon as is practicable after the damage has occurred. (f) Reclamation. A road not to be...

2013-07-01

259

30 CFR 816.150 - Roads: general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...additional criteria specified by the regulatory authority. (2) A road damaged by a catastrophic event, such as a flood or earthquake, shall be repaired as soon as is practicable after the damage has occurred. (f) Reclamation. A road not to be...

2013-07-01

260

Equity Effects of Road Pricing: A Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Are road pricing strategies regressive or progressive? This is a question that has been confronting researchers, practitioners, and policy?makers who seek to implement new mechanisms to raise funds for transportation while simultaneously managing demand. The theoretical literature is mixed, as is the empirical literature. In part, this has to do with the various types of road pricing strategies that are

David Levinson

2010-01-01

261

Vehicle-Based Road Dust Emissions Measurements  

Microsoft Academic Search

TRAKER is a vehicle-based method for measuring road dust emissions. Particulate matter is sampled in front and behind a vehicle's tire and the difference in PM concentration (TRAKER signal) is used to infer the airborne flux of particles from the roadway. Two independent tests indicated that the TRAKER signal increases as the cube of the speed for a given road

H. Kuhns; J. Gillies; J. Watson; V. Etyemezian; M. Green; M. Pitchford

262

Off-Road and the Fragile Desert  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Part one of a two-part article sets forth the dimensions and the political-cultural aspects of the use of off-road vehicles in desert areas. Presents arguments for and against off-road vehicle use on national-resource land as exemplified in the California Desert. (Editor/JR)|

Stebbins, Robert C.

1974-01-01

263

Flexible-term contracts for road franchising  

Microsoft Academic Search

Private participation in road projects is increasing around the world. The most popular form of franchising is a concession contract, which allows a private firm to charge tolls to road users during a pre-determined period in order to recover investments. Concessionaires are usually selected through auctions at which candidates submit bids for tolls or payments to the government. This paper

Gustavo Nombela; Ginés de Rus

2004-01-01

264

Road Wheel with Integral Wear Plate.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The invention is an improved road wheel assembly for a tracked vehicle such as a tank. The improvement is a wear ring in the spiders of the road wheel assembly for protecting the spiders from abrasion by center guides of the vehicle track. The spiders def...

J. G. Korpi

1991-01-01

265

Road rage: drivers' understandings and experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

The phenomenon of road rage has attracted much media attention since the mid-1990s, but little research has been conducted into how motorists have incorporated the concept into their experiences and understandings of driving. This article reports the findings from a qualitative study on road rage, which used in-depth interviews with 77 people living in Sydney to investigate the meanings given

Deborah Lupton

2002-01-01

266

Linear Road: A Stream Data Management Benchmark  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper specifies the Linear Road Benchmark for Stream Data Management Systems (SDMS). Stream Data Management Systems process streaming data by executing continuous and historical queries while producing query re - sults in real-time. This benchmark makes it possible to com- pare the performance characteristics of SDMS' relative to each other and to alternative (e.g., Relational Database) systems. Linear Road

Arvind Arasu; Mitch Cherniack; Eduardo F. Galvez; David Maier; Anurag Maskey; Esther Ryvkina; Michael Stonebraker; Richard Tibbetts

2004-01-01

267

HOW FAR TO THE NEAREST ROAD?  

EPA Science Inventory

Ecological impacts from roads may be the rule rather than the exception in most watersheds of the conterminous United States. We measured total area, and forestland area located within nine distances of the nearest road of any type in each of 2,108 watersheds nationwide. Overall,...

268

Comprehensive model to enhance road cycling performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modelling has been utilised in competitive road cycling to identify performance optimisations that would conventionally require extensive experimental testing. However, the validity of current models is limited by incomplete representation of the cycling environment and insufficient frequency of simulation. A three dimensional road cycling model has been developed that extends existing models by combining bicycle mechanics, rider biomechanics and environmental

P Cangley; L Passfield; H Carter; M Bailey

2010-01-01

269

Dynamic Road Load Simulation of Transportable Cranes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper develops a general tool for understanding the dynamic road loads generated by mobile cranes that use a boom support dolly. The focal point is the dynamic road loads generated by the vehicle, which is a primary cause of pavement damage. A pitch plane model of the crane is developed and a finite element model is used to characterize

George W. Burkett; John T. McDonald; Steven A. Velinsky

2004-01-01

270

Dynamic travel time provision for road networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The application domain of intelligent transportation is plagued by a shortage of data sources that adequately assess traffic situations. Typically, to provide routing and navigation solutions map attributes in the form of static weights as derived from road categories and speed limits used for road networks. With the advent of Floating Car Data (FCD) and specifically the GPS- based tracking

Dieter Pfoser; Sotiris Brakatsoulas; Petra Brosch; Martina Umlauft; Nectaria Tryfona; Giorgos Tsironis

2008-01-01

271

Areawide Road Traffic Noise Contour Maps  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study a framework for developing an object-oriented tool -DRONE (areawide Dynamic ROad traffic NoisE simulator) to generate areawide noise contour maps for a road network is demonstrated. This provides faster access to information for abatement of noise policies. The approach for integrating the dynamic output from traffic simulator to noise model, which predicts traffic noise based on geographical

Ashish Bhaskar; Edward Chung; Masao Kuwahara; Yasuo Oshino

272

Marking Melbourne's Arterial Roads to Assist Cyclists  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past two decades a range of different line marking techniques has been introduced to Melbourne's arterial roads. These include wide kerbside lanes sometimes marked with bike symbols, exclusive bike lanes, parking and bike lanes, and advanced stop lines at signalised intersections. In parallel to their introduction, VicRoads has undertaken a wide range of studies to test the effects

Malcolm Daff; Tony Barton

273

Awakenings by road, rail- and airtraffic noise  

Microsoft Academic Search

AIM: This study compared sleep disturbances due to road-, rail-, and aircraft noise. METHODS: 12 women and 12 men (19-28 years) slept 3 consecutive weeks in the laboratory where they were exposed with weekly changes to road-, rail-, or aircraft noise, respectively. Each week consisted of a random sequence of a quiet night (32 dBA) and 3 nights with LAeq

Barbara Griefahn; Anke Marks; Christa Kuenemund; Mathias Basner

274

River Road, New Castle Marsh Restoration Recommendations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Town of New Castle and abutters to the River Road salt marsh agreed to have the River Road salt marsh site analyzed to address the following concerns and opportunities at the site. The primary objective was to recommend alternatives to promote a healt...

2010-01-01

275

TRUCK TIRES, SUSPENSION DESIGN AND ROAD DAMAGE  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Literature concerned with contact conditions between truck tyres and road surfaces is reviewed, and the road-damaging features of tyres is discussed. Particular reference is made to the comparison between wide single tyres and dual tyres. A theoretical study is performed to assess the effects of tyre configuration on the dynamic tyre forces generated by heavy vehicles with wide single

DJ Cole; D Cebon

276

Progress in robot road-following  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report progress in visual road following by autonomous robot vehicles. We present results and work in progress in the areas of system architecture, image rectification and camera calibration, oriented edge tracking, color classification and road-region segmentation, extracting geometric structure, and the use of a map. In test runs of an outdoor robot vehicle, the Terregator, under control of the

R. Wallace; K. Matsuzaki; Y. Goto; J. Crisman; J. Webb; T. Kanade

1986-01-01

277

Seljuk Muqarnas along the Silk Road  

Microsoft Academic Search

The film Seljuk Muqarnas along the Silk Road gives an overview of muqarnas, stalactite vaults, in Seljuk style architecture (1038-1194). The muqarnas are located in portals and niches of car- avansaraies, madrassas and mosques. Starting with the Sultan Han near Kayseri we follow the Silk Road westward till Konya and finally show the Arslanhane Camii in Ankara. Video recordings alternate

Silvia Harmsen; Daniel Jungblut; Susanne Kromker

278

VALUING DIFFERENT ROAD OPTIONS FOR STONEHENGE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Stonehenge,in Wiltshire ,is one ,of the ,best-known ,and ,most ,important archaeological sites in the ,World. Unfortunately the site currently suffers considerable intrusion in the form of two,roads which pass close by on,either side of the famous,stone circle. At the same time however,these roads provide

David Maddison; Susana Mourato

279

Use of Fatal Real-Life Crashes to Analyze a Safe Road Transport System Model, Including the Road User, the Vehicle, and the Road  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. To evaluate if the Swedish Road Administration (SRA) model for a safe road transport system, which includes the interaction between the road user, the vehicle, and the road, could be used to classify fatal car crashes according to some safety indicators. Also, to present a development of the model to better identify system weakness.Methods. Real-life crashes with a fatal

Helena Stigson; Maria Krafft; Claes Tingvall

2008-01-01

280

The construction of a road injury database.  

PubMed

In order to effectively examine possible causes and determinants of road trauma, reliable information on the participants, circumstances, and resultant injuries and deaths must be available. Characteristics of participants (persons and vehicles) and the circumstances of road accidents are routinely collected by police and road authorities, whereas details of the injuries and medical care provided to casualties are collected by hospital and ambulance services. A road injury database, linking data collected by the Health, Police, and Main Roads Departments of the Government of Western Australia with records of the St. John Ambulance Association and the Death Register, has been established. This paper describes the procedures used to link the various sources of data and discusses the design, construction, and quality of the resultant relational database. PMID:8297434

Ferrante, A M; Rosman, D L; Knuiman, M W

1993-12-01

281

Vista overlook at Discovery View on Wawona Road. Note stone ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Vista overlook at Discovery View on Wawona Road. Note stone wall and interpretative plaques. Looking east - Wawona Road, Between South Entrance & Yosemite Valley, Yosemite Village, Mariposa County, CA

282

Road Erosion Modeling Using the WEPP Model: Validation and Application to Large Road Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Watershed Erosion Prediction Project (WEPP) model, as developed by the USDA-Forest Service, is a physically based soil erosion model which can be used to simulate sediment detachment and delivery for a road, fill, and buffer system. In this project we compare simulated and observed sediment delivery from 14 isolated road/ditch segments over a one year period in north-central Idaho and present a methodology to apply the WEPP model at a watershed scale with large road networks. Sites were selected to include roads with both high and low potential for erosion. Only 5 of the 14 road segments delivered greater than 45 kg of sediment for the entire year. The sediment delivery from these 5 road segments ranged from 263 to 2240 kg. Simulated sediment loading with WEPP ranged from 18 to 2600 kg of sediment which agreed well with observations. The coefficient of determination between observed and simulated sediment loading was 0.91. With the exception of one road segment, sediment delivery was strongly correlated with road slope and road surface area. The one study site which did not follow this trend was unique in that it was not plowed or maintained during the winter and had very thick vegetative cover in the ditches and cutslopes. The road segments with the highest sediment delivery typically had exposed cutslopes and/or eroding ditches. Road segments tended to be most susceptible to erosion following road grading and ditch cleaning. A GPS data collection and GIS analysis methodology for application of the WEPP model at the watershed scale is presented. This automated approach is applied to a 3,040 km2 watershed where 1,017 km of road divided into 6,955 road segments.

Brooks, E. S.; Boll, J.; Elliot, W. J.; Dechert, T.

2006-12-01

283

A statistical model for road surface friction forecasting applying optical road weather measurements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Road surface friction is defined as the grip between car tyre and underlying surface. Poor friction often plays a crucial role in wintertime car accidents. Friction can decrease dramatically during snowfall or when wet road surface temperature falls below zero. Even a thin layer of ice or snow can decrease friction substantially increasing the risk of accidents. Many studies have shown that road surface temperature, road conditions and friction can fluctuate dramatically within short distances under specific weather situations. Friction or grip can be improved with road maintenance activities like salting and gritting. Salting will melt the ice or snow layer, whereas gritting will improve the grip. Salting is effective only above -5C temperatures. Light snowfall together with low temperatures can result in very slippery driving conditions. Finnish Road Administration's observing network covers c. 500 road weather stations in Finland. Almost 100 of them are equipped with optical sensors (in winter 2008-2009). The number of optical sensors has increased remarkably during past few years. The optical measuring devices are Vaisala DSC111 sensors which measure the depth of water, snow and ice on the road surface and also produce an estimate of the state of road and prevailing friction. Observation data from road weather stations with optical sensors were collected from winter 2007/08, and a couple of representative (from a weather perspective) stations were selected for detailed statistical analysis. The purpose of the study was to find a statistical relationship between the observed values and, especially, the correlation between friction and other road weather parameters. Consequently, a model based on linear regression was developed. With the model friction being the dependent variable, the independent variables having highest correlations were the composite of ice and snow (water content) on the road, and the road surface temperature. In the case of a wet road surface, the amount of water was the best predictor for friction. The models were tested with an independent sample from winter 2008/09. Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI) has been running an operational road weather prediction model for about ten years. The model predicts e.g. the road surface temperature and the layers of snow, ice and water on the road. With the addition of the statistical friction model, road surface friction will be a new forecast parameter. There are, however, some challenges to be solved before operational applicability. A major issue is how to take road maintenance activities, and especially the salting, into account. This study is carried out within the EU/FP7 Project ROADIDEA, where the major frame of reference is to develop new and innovative products for traffic and transport sectors.

Hippi, M.; Juga, I.; Nurmi, P.

2009-09-01

284

Going Down The Crooked Road  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Crooked Road runs through the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains in Virginia and has a storied place in the history of country music and Appalachian culture. This past summer, Ralph Berrier Jr. and Kyle Green of The Roanoke Times set out to document the music and musicians of the area, stopping in such small towns along the way as Floyd, Ferrum, Galax, and Clintwood. Along the way, they documented their experiences through extensive reportage and photography, all of which is included on this nice multimedia feature. Visitors can view videos taken along their journey, learn about how a bluegrass tune is constructed, and listen to audio vignettes of each stop they made. The site also includes a fine recipe for a local favorite, Great Smoky Mountains' grilled veggies, and number of podcasts for portable listening enjoyment.

2005-01-01

285

Re-suspension of lead contaminated urban soil as a dominant source of atmospheric lead in Birmingham, Chicago, Detroit and Pittsburgh, USA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Soils in older areas of cities are highly contaminated by lead, due largely to past use of lead additives in gasoline, the use of lead in exterior paints, and industrial lead sources. Soils are not passive repositories and periodic re-suspension of fine lead contaminated soil dust particulates (or aerosols) may create seasonal variations of lead exposure for urban dwellers. Atmospheric soil and lead aerosol data from the Interagency Monitoring of Protected Visual Environments (IMPROVE) database were obtained for Pittsburgh (Pennsylvania), Detroit (Michigan), Chicago (Illinois), and Birmingham (Alabama), USA. In this study the temporal variations of atmospheric soil and lead aerosols in these four US cities were examined to determine whether re-suspended lead contaminated urban soil was the dominant source of atmospheric lead. Soil and lead-in-air concentrations were examined to ascertain whether lead aerosols follow seasonal patterns with highest concentrations during the summer and/or autumn. In addition, atmospheric soil and lead aerosol concentrations on weekends and Federal Government holidays were compared to weekdays to evaluate the possibility that automotive turbulence results in re-suspension of lead contaminated urban soil. The results show that the natural logs of atmospheric soil and lead aerosols were associated in Pittsburgh from April 2004 to July 2005 (R2 = 0.31, p < 0.01), Detroit from November 2003 to July 2005 (R2 = 0.49, p <0.01), Chicago from November 2003 to August 2005 (R2 = 0.32, p < 0.01), and Birmingham from May 2004 to December 2006 (R2 = 0.47, p < 0.01). Atmospheric soil and lead aerosols followed seasonal patterns with highest concentrations during the summer and/or autumn. Atmospheric soil and lead aerosols are 3.15 and 3.12 times higher, respectively, during weekdays than weekends and Federal Government holidays, suggesting that automotive traffic turbulence plays a significant role in re-suspension of contaminated roadside soils and dusts. In order to decrease urban lead aerosol concentrations, lead deposition and subsequent children’s seasonal exposure, lead contaminated urban soils need remediation or isolation because the legacy of lead continues to pose unnecessary and preventable health risks to urban dwellers.

Laidlaw, Mark A. S.; Zahran, Sammy; Mielke, Howard W.; Taylor, Mark P.; Filippelli, Gabriel M.

2012-03-01

286

The importance of accurate road data for spatial applications in public health: customizing a road network  

PubMed Central

Background Health researchers have increasingly adopted the use of geographic information systems (GIS) for analyzing environments in which people live and how those environments affect health. One aspect of this research that is often overlooked is the quality and detail of the road data and whether or not it is appropriate for the scale of analysis. Many readily available road datasets, both public domain and commercial, contain positional errors or generalizations that may not be compatible with highly accurate geospatial locations. This study examined the accuracy, completeness, and currency of four readily available public and commercial sources for road data (North Carolina Department of Transportation, StreetMap Pro, TIGER/Line 2000, TIGER/Line 2007) relative to a custom road dataset which we developed and used for comparison. Methods and Results A custom road network dataset was developed to examine associations between health behaviors and the environment among pregnant and postpartum women living in central North Carolina in the United States. Three analytical measures were developed to assess the comparative accuracy and utility of four publicly and commercially available road datasets and the custom dataset in relation to participants' residential locations over three time periods. The exclusion of road segments and positional errors in the four comparison road datasets resulted in between 5.9% and 64.4% of respondents lying farther than 15.24 meters from their nearest road, the distance of the threshold set by the project to facilitate spatial analysis. Agreement, using a Pearson's correlation coefficient, between the customized road dataset and the four comparison road datasets ranged from 0.01 to 0.82. Conclusion This study demonstrates the importance of examining available road datasets and assessing their completeness, accuracy, and currency for their particular study area. This paper serves as an example for assessing the feasibility of readily available commercial or public road datasets, and outlines the steps by which an improved custom dataset for a study area can be developed.

Frizzelle, Brian G; Evenson, Kelly R; Rodriguez, Daniel A; Laraia, Barbara A

2009-01-01

287

25 CFR 170.801 - What is the BIA Road Maintenance Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false What is the BIA Road Maintenance Program? 170.801 Section 170...INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM BIA Road Maintenance § 170.801 What is the BIA Road Maintenance Program? The BIA Road...

2013-04-01

288

The same substitution, glutamic acid----lysine at position 501, occurs in three alloalbumins of Asiatic origin: albumins Vancouver, Birmingham, and Adana.  

PubMed Central

A strategy is described for identifying structural changes in genetic variants of human serum albumin (alloalbumins). By use of this strategy we have determined an amino acid substitution in three alloalbumins of Asiatic origin. The same amino acid exchange, glutamic acid----lysine at position 501, occurs in albumins Vancouver and Birmingham, both from families that migrated from northern India, and also in albumin Adana from Turkey. This exchange corresponds to a single base mutation in the codon GAG to AAG and accords with the slow mobility of the three albumins at pH 8.6. Each of the three alloalbumins had been reported to be a new variant, yet they have the same substitution. These results emphasize the need for structural study of genetic variants that have been differentiated only by nonspecific physical criteria such as dye binding and electrophoretic mobility. We know of no other description of the substitution involved in an alloalbumin originating from the Indian subcontinent. However, the same change of glutamic acid----lysine at position 501 may be present in several other named variants reported for populations in north India and the surrounding regions. Images

Huss, K; Madison, J; Ishioka, N; Takahashi, N; Arai, K; Putnam, F W

1988-01-01

289

Factors Affecting Acceptance and Intention to Receive Pandemic Influenza A H1N1 Vaccine among Primary School Children: A Cross-Sectional Study in Birmingham, UK  

PubMed Central

UK pandemic influenza strategy focused on vaccination of high risk groups, although evidence shows that school-age children have the highest infection rates. Vaccination of children might be an additional strategy. We undertook a cross-sectional study amongst 149 parents of primary school children aged 4–7 years in Birmingham, UK to quantify intention to accept pandemic influenza vaccine and identify factors affecting uptake. Ninety-one (61.1%, 95% CI 52.8, 68.9) had or would accept vaccine for their child. The most common reasons for declining vaccine were concerns about safety (58.6% reported this), side effects (55.2%), or believing their child had already had swine flu (12.1%). Parents of nonwhite ethnicity (OR 2.4 (1.1, 5.0)) and with asthmatic children (OR 6.6 (1.4, 32.1)) were significantly more likely to accept pandemic vaccine, as were those whose children had ever received seasonal vaccine and those who believed swine flu to be a serious threat (OR 4.2 (1.9, 9.1)). Parents would be more likely to accept vaccination if they received a letter of invite, if the government strongly encouraged them, if it were administered at school, and if it were more thoroughly tested. Accurate media portrayal of safety of the vaccine during future pandemics will be essential.

Janks, Michaela; Cooke, Sara; Odedra, Aimee; Kang, Harkeet; Bellman, Michelle; Jordan, Rachel E.

2012-01-01

290

Differences in hepatitis B infection rate between ethnic groups in antenatal women in Birmingham, United Kingdom, May 2004 to December 2008.  

PubMed

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although the United Kingdom (UK) prevalence of HBV is low, it is increasing. There is some evidence that the rate of infection is much higher in some populations living in Britain of non-white ethnicity or who were not born in Britain, compared with the British-born white population. We examined the prevalence of HBV infection in pregnant women through hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) or e-antigen (HBeAg) in Birmingham UK between May 2004 and December 2008 and the effect of ethnicity on the relative risk of infection. There was a significant increase in the number of antenatal HBV infections detected over the study period from 106 cases in 2005 to 161 cases in 2008 (p=0.037). Women who define themselves as of black African, non-British white and Pakistani ethnicity had a markedly elevated rate of HBV infection (relative risk (RR): 11.25, 5.87 and 2.33 respectively) compared to the England average. Health organisations that serve populations with a high or increasing proportion of women originating from intermediate and high HBV prevalence areas of the world such as Africa, some parts of Europe and Asia, should anticipate a need for perinatal and postnatal prophylaxis to children born to HBV infected mothers. PMID:22856511

Caley, M; Fowler, T; Greatrex, S; Wood, A

2012-07-26

291

Quantitative risk assessment of exposures to butadiene in EU occupational settings based on the University of Alabama at Birmingham epidemiological study.  

PubMed

The excess risks due to 1,3-butadiene (BD) inhalation in EU occupational settings are quantified for leukemia, AML, CLL, CML, lymphoid neoplasms, and myeloid neoplasms. The most recent data from the University of Alabama at Birmingham epidemiological study of North American workers in the styrene-butadiene rubber industry are modeled. The number of high-intensity tasks (HITs) and other exposure covariates may be more important predictors than cumulative BD ppm-years alone. For example, all of the 71 leukemia decedents in the UAB study who were exposed to BD had some BD HITs. None of the 1192 exposed workers without BD HITs had leukemia mortalities. The authors' best estimate (consolidated over all endpoints) of the average occupational BD exposure concentration for 45 years of exposure starting at age 20 corresponding to an added risk of 1/10,000 by age 70 is 7.2 ppm. Cumulative BD ppm-years is not statistically significantly associated with CML, AML, or myeloid neoplasms or (after any one of eight exposure covariates is included in the modeling) leukemia. The statistical significance of the slopes for leukemia, CLL, and lymphoid neoplasms unadjusted for covariate effects disappears when modeling is restricted to person years with less than 200 cumulative BD ppm-years. PMID:23261476

Sielken, Robert L; Valdez-Flores, Ciriaco

2012-12-20

292

Factors Affecting Acceptance and Intention to Receive Pandemic Influenza A H1N1 Vaccine among Primary School Children: A Cross-Sectional Study in Birmingham, UK.  

PubMed

UK pandemic influenza strategy focused on vaccination of high risk groups, although evidence shows that school-age children have the highest infection rates. Vaccination of children might be an additional strategy. We undertook a cross-sectional study amongst 149 parents of primary school children aged 4-7 years in Birmingham, UK to quantify intention to accept pandemic influenza vaccine and identify factors affecting uptake. Ninety-one (61.1%, 95% CI 52.8, 68.9) had or would accept vaccine for their child. The most common reasons for declining vaccine were concerns about safety (58.6% reported this), side effects (55.2%), or believing their child had already had swine flu (12.1%). Parents of nonwhite ethnicity (OR 2.4 (1.1, 5.0)) and with asthmatic children (OR 6.6 (1.4, 32.1)) were significantly more likely to accept pandemic vaccine, as were those whose children had ever received seasonal vaccine and those who believed swine flu to be a serious threat (OR 4.2 (1.9, 9.1)). Parents would be more likely to accept vaccination if they received a letter of invite, if the government strongly encouraged them, if it were administered at school, and if it were more thoroughly tested. Accurate media portrayal of safety of the vaccine during future pandemics will be essential. PMID:23150815

Janks, Michaela; Cooke, Sara; Odedra, Aimee; Kang, Harkeet; Bellman, Michelle; Jordan, Rachel E

2012-10-17

293

Risk compensation—the case of road lighting  

Microsoft Academic Search

The hypothesis of this article is that drivers will not adjust their behavior, i.e. drivers are not expected to increase their speed, reduce their concentration or travel more when road lighting is installed. The hypothesis was based on previous research showing that road lighting reduces road accidents and that average driving speeds do not increase when road lighting is installed.

Terje Assum; Torkel Bjørnskau; Stein Fosser; Fridulv Sagberg

1999-01-01

294

Editors’ perspectives: road vehicle suspension design, dynamics, and control  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an overview of the latest advances in road vehicle suspension design, dynamics, and control, together with the authors’ perspectives, in the context of vehicle ride, handling, and stability. The general aspects of road vehicle suspension dynamics and design are discussed, followed by descriptions of road-roughness excitations with a particular emphasis on road potholes. Passive suspension system designs

Dongpu Cao; Xubin Song; Mehdi Ahmadian

2011-01-01

295

The role of a tire in vehicle and road interaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Major difficulties in road surface description lies in the evaluation of the tire and road interaction. Main purpose of this paper is to analyse the influence of the tire in vehicle and road interaction with the purpose to choose more commons, but enough precise tire models. Data of profile used in investigations were measured in real roads. For the investigation

Ar?nas Rutka; Jonas Sapragonas

2002-01-01

296

Handleiding Cementbetonwegen. Standaardconstructies (Guideline Reinforced Concrete Roads. Standard Constructions).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The aim of this manual is to give project engineers a guideline for the design and maintenance of (reinforced) concrete roads. Various types of pavement are dealt with, such as highways, (provincial) motorways, rural roads, urban roads, estate roads and c...

1997-01-01

297

Allergens in Paved Road Dust and Airborne Particles.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the work was to quantify the allergen content of paved road dust and to estimate the magnitude of the road dust contribution to airborne allergen concentrations. Paved road dust present on roads in Southern California consists of a mixture ...

A. G. Miguel G. R. Cass M. M. Glovsky J. Weiss

1998-01-01

298

10. VIEW OF ALIGNMENT FOR COULTERVILLE ROAD AND MERCED RIVER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

10. VIEW OF ALIGNMENT FOR COULTERVILLE ROAD AND MERCED RIVER CANYON. NOTE ROAD CUT FOR NEW BIG OAK FLAT ROAD AT CENTER DISTANCE. LOOKING N. GIS: N-37 42 45.5 / W-119 43 24.7 - Coulterville Road, Between Foresta & All-Weather Highway, Yosemite Village, Mariposa County, CA

299

IMPROVED ROAD TRAFFIC ENVIRONMENT FOR BETTER CHILD SAFETY IN NIGERIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The deplorable and unsafe state of road traffic environment in Nigeria renders children the most helpless, vulnerable and endangered class of road users in the country. Practically, other road users such as the motorists and cyclists are psychologically reckless and unmindful of children safety. Also, the pronounce disorderliness in the admixture of various components of road traffic units such as

Joshua Adetunji Odeleye

300

4. ENVIRONMENT, FROM NORTH, SHOWING RIVER ROAD BRIDGE CARRYING CASSELMAN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. ENVIRONMENT, FROM NORTH, SHOWING RIVER ROAD BRIDGE CARRYING CASSELMAN RIVER ROAD OVER CASSELMAN RIVER, WITH MARYLAND GEOLOGICAL SURVEY STREAM-GAUGING STATION AT NORTHEAST CORNER OF BRIDGE - River Road Bridge, Crossing Casselman River on Casselman River Road, Grantsville, Garrett County, MD

301

Short communication Traffic mortality and the role of minor roads  

Microsoft Academic Search

Roads have large impacts on wildlife, as they form one of the principal causes of mortality, and disturbance and fragmentation of habitat. These impacts are mainly studied and mitigated on major roads. It is, however, a widespread misconception that most animals are killed on major roads. In this paper, we argue that minor roads have a larger impact on wildlife

Frank van Langevelde; Coby van Dooremalen; Catharinus F. Jaarsma

302

A Reinforced Road Detection Method in Complicated Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Road detection is the most fundamental part of autonomous vehicles. Noises caused by shadows and vehicles on the road have a great negative impact on the road detection. Our method improves the performance under the noisy environment by taking advantage of color information to determine the road curvature. A novel geometrical method is proposed in this paper to select the

Cheng Chen; Jilin Liu

2010-01-01

303

48 CFR 436.579 - Opted timber sale road requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 false Opted timber sale road requirements. 436.579 Section...Contract Clauses 436.579 Opted timber sale road requirements. The contracting...clause at 452.236-79, Opted Timber Sale Road Requirements, in road...

2011-10-01

304

Speed Limit-Related Issues on Gravel Roads.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the United States, there are nearly 1.6 million miles of unpaved roads. Total length of unpaved roads in Kansas is about 98,000 miles, of which about 78,000 miles are gravel roads. Most of the gravel roads are not typically posted with speed limit sign...

L. Liu S. Dissnanayake

2009-01-01

305

Road Traffic Accident Injuries and Productivity in Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study examined the effect of Road Traffic Accident Injuries on Productivity in Nigeria with a view towards reducing the incidence of Road Traffic crashes and improving road safety in Nigeria. The data used included number of passengers who sustained injuries in road traffic accidents in Nigeria for 2007. Data were also acquired on productivity in the labour sector of

Adekunle J Aderamo

2012-01-01

306

25 CFR 170.802 - How is road maintenance funded?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false How is road maintenance funded? 170.802 Section 170.802...INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM BIA Road Maintenance § 170.802 How is road maintenance funded? (a) The U.S. Congress...

2013-04-01

307

25 CFR 170.802 - How is road maintenance funded?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false How is road maintenance funded? 170.802 Section 170.802...INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM BIA Road Maintenance § 170.802 How is road maintenance funded? (a) The U.S. Congress...

2011-04-01

308

The Road That Never Was: The Silk Road and Trans-Eurasian Exchange  

Microsoft Academic Search

:The Silk Road is commonly used as a convenient blanket term to describe the many trade routes and points of contact that criss-crossed Central Asia. The term is generally overused, to the point that everything in the history of the region is conceptualized within the confines of the Silk Road(s). By reading Greco-Roman and particularly Chinese sources on the contacts

Khodadad Rezakhani

2010-01-01

309

The Road That Never Was: The Silk Road and Trans-Eurasian Exchange  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Silk Road is commonly used as a convenient blanket term to describe the many trade routes and points of contact that criss-crossed Central Asia. The term is generally overused, to the point that everything in the history of the region is conceptualized within the confines of the Silk Road(s). By reading Greco-Roman and particularly Chinese sources on the contacts

Khodadad Rezakhani

2010-01-01

310

“Non-fatal Road Traffic Injuries: Can Road Safety Campaigns Prevent Hazardous Behaviour? An Italian Experience”  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. Road traffic injuries are a widespread problem and are very difficult to prevent. The purposes of this study was to verify if intensive versus basic road safety education programmes are associated with different incidence and severity of non-fatal road injuries.Method. The study had an ecological design and involved Local Health Authority One (LHA1), Salerno (Italy), which includes 20 municipalities.

R. Zampetti; G. Messina; C. Quercioli; F. Vencia; L. Genco; L. Di Bartolomeo; N. Nante

2012-01-01

311

PAVED ROAD PARTICULATE EMISSIONS: SOURCE CATEGORY REPORT  

EPA Science Inventory

The report gives results of extensive field tests to develop emission factors for particulate emissions generated by traffic entrainment of paved road surface particulate matter. Using roadway surface silt loading as the basis, predictive emission factor equations for each partic...

312

HCEI Road Map: 2011 Edition (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

This road map outlines the 2011 key goals and strategies of the Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative, was founded based on a Memorandum of Understanding between the State of Hawaii and the U.S. Department of Energy in 2008.

Braccio, R.; Finch, P.

2011-08-01

313

30 CFR 817.151 - Primary roads.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...constructed, and maintained to prevent erosion of the structure or streambed and additional contributions of suspended solids to streamflow. (e) Surfacing. Primary roads shall be surfaced with material approved by the regulatory authority as being...

2013-07-01

314

Morphological similarity of road networks and cracks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An investigation was made regarding to what extent road network patterns are reproduced by a crack model from a viewpoint that they seem to resemble crack patterns in morphology. A desiccation model using double-layered cellular meshes was considered with the parameters representing the anisotropy of the material and the coarseness of grains, together with the introduction of singularities in points and in lines. The model can generally reproduce the real crack patterns and the road network patterns of cities with characteristic morphology by appropriately choosing the values of parameters, indicating that the similar mechanism acts on the formation of road networks and cracks of material although the relevant scales of space time differ from each other. Factors which make the road networks more complex and irregular in morphology were also investigated.

Ohnishi, Teruaki; Okada, Osami; Shirakata, Hirofumi

2013-09-01

315

Design of Low Drag Bluff Road Vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Low drag bluff road vehicle design can be obtained effectively and efficiently with a three phase approach that uses numerical simulations, scaled wind tunnel experiments and full-scale road testing. By applying this generalised method, SideWings were developed for an improved trailer underbody flow and tails for the trailer's rear-end. A combination of these aerodynamic devices resulted in fuel savings of

G. M. R. Van Raemdonck

2012-01-01

316

ROADS AND THEIR MAJOR ECOLOGICAL EFFECTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

A huge road network with vehicles ramifies across the land, representing a sur- prising frontier of ecology. Species-rich roadsides are conduits for few species. Roadkills are a premier mortality source, yet except for local spots, rates rarely limit population size. Road avoidance, especially due to traffic noise, has a greater ecological impact. The still-more-important barrier effect subdivides populations, with demographic

Richard T. T. Forman; Lauren E. Alexander

1998-01-01

317

Globalization in road safety: explaining the downward trend in road accident rates in a single country (Israel)  

Microsoft Academic Search

A theoretical model is proposed in which road safety in a single country depends upon parochial considerations, such as police enforcement, and upon global considerations, such as international road safety technology. We show that there is a non-spurious relationship between the downward trend in the rate of road accidents in Israel and the road accident rate abroad. We suggest that

Michael Beenstock; Dalit Gafni

2000-01-01

318

Inhalation of road dust by human subjects.  

PubMed

We measured pneumomagnetic field strength (PMFS) in 42 healthy control subjects living in districts of Northern Japan with low levels of road dust pollution and in 39 healthy subjects living in areas with high levels of road dust pollution. Suspended road dust produced by studded tires increases from 30 micrograms/m3 during the summer season to levels as high as 400 micrograms/m3 during the snow season in the downtown areas of Sendai, Japan. Road dust retained in the lungs, containing 3% iron, was magnetized from the surface of the chest wall, and PMFS was measured. Three to 5 sequential PMFS measurements were made in each subject in March and October of 1984 and 1985, and in March 1986. The PMFS in control subjects in March 1984 was 37 +/- 14 pico-Tesla (mean +/- SD) and did not significantly differ from the PMFS in October 1984 or that in March 1985. In March 1984, the PMFS of the subjects in highly polluted areas was 95 +/- 100 pico-Tesla (mean +/- SD) and was significantly higher than that of control subjects (p less than 0.01) and subsequently decreased in March 1985 and in March 1986, corresponding to a decrease in suspended road dust brought about by a campaign to eliminate the use of studded tires. Our findings suggest that some road dust caused by studded tires is retained in the lungs. PMID:3674588

Takishima, T; Nakamura, M; Sasaki, M; Miyano, M; Yamaya, M; Sasaki, H

1987-11-01

319

Optimal Policies for Aggregate Recycling from Decommissioned Forest Roads  

Microsoft Academic Search

To mitigate the adverse environmental impact of forest roads, especially degradation of endangered salmonid habitat, many\\u000a public and private land managers in the western United States are actively decommissioning roads where practical and affordable.\\u000a Road decommissioning is associated with reduced long-term environmental impact. When decommissioning a road, it may be possible\\u000a to recover some aggregate (crushed rock) from the road

Matthew Thompson; John Sessions

2008-01-01

320

Road crashes and the next U.S. presidential election  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United States contains some of the world’s most dangerous roads, accounting for about 4% of the total global road deaths and 4% of the total global population. This pattern differs from other industrial countries such as Australia (0.16% of road deaths, 0.32% of global population), Canada (0.27% of road deaths, 0.46% of global population), and Germany (0.65% of road

Donald A. Redelmeier; Robert J. Tibshirani

2010-01-01

321

Infrastructure Changes of the National Road No 7 in the Mazovia Province and Their Impact on Road Safety  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The national road No. 7 is one of the most important and most often used national roads over the area of the Mazovia province. During last years this road was modernized and reconstructed many times. The paper presents infrastructure changes and changes of the main evaluation indexes describing road safety conditions calculated for individual sections of the national road No. 7 in the Mazovia province in the period of last eight years.

Gidlewski, Miros?aw; Jemio?, Leszek

2012-02-01

322

Road rage and road traffic accidents among commercial vehicle drivers in Lahore, Pakistan.  

PubMed

Road rage and road traffic accidents increase the burden of morbidity and mortality in a population. A cross-sectional survey with convenience sampling was conducted among commercial vehicle drivers in Lahore, Pakistan (n = 901) to record their behaviours/experiences regarding road rage and road traffic accidents. Respondents were asked about incidents of shouting/cursing/rude gestures or threats to physically hurt the person/vehicle, by others or themselves, in the previous 24 hours or 3 months, and their involvement in road traffic accidents in the previous 12 months. Auto-rickshaw drivers were significantly more likely to report various road rage experiences/behaviours and involvement in accidents compared with bus and wagon drivers. A total of 112 respondents (12.4%) reported being involved in a road traffic accident in the previous 12 months but traffic police did not record the accident in 52.7% of cases. The results of this study underline the need to improve road safety in Pakistan. PMID:22768706

Shaikh, M A; Shaikh, I A; Siddiqui, Z

2012-04-01

323

ASSESSMENT OF ROAD CARPET FOR CONTROL OF FUGITIVE EMISSIONS FROM UNPAVED ROADS  

EPA Science Inventory

The report gives results of an assessment of the use of carpeting to control fugitive emissions from unpaved roads. Historically, emissions from unpaved roads have been controlled by watering, oiling, or chemical soil stabilization. An analysis of the forces which produce emissio...

324

Modeling of dynamic vehicle-road interactions for safety-related road evaluation.  

PubMed

Usually, road safety is assessed by following adequate highway geometric design standards and can be controlled later by measurement and expertise. Nevertheless, interactions between vehicle dynamics and road characteristics cannot be simultaneously analyzed for these two means of safety evaluation. In this study, an analytical method based on road/vehicle physical interactions applied to road diagnosis is proposed. Vehicle "point" and "bicycle" models are used in this first approach. French highway geometric design standards and a statistical method are presented and evaluated on a real curve case. The proposed numerical criterion, for the "bicycle" model, is then compared to these two classical methods for the considered road section. Its advantages are that it takes into account several combined parameters, that road defects are precisely localized and that it provides hierarchically classified solutions to the road managers. After this comparison step, further improvements should be focused on the modeling of successive curves and on the improvement of the informations given to the road manager. PMID:20728624

Orfila, O; Coiret, A; Do, M T; Mammar, S

2010-05-31

325

Investigation of Water Quality and Aquatic-Community Structure in Village and Valley Creeks, City of Birmingham, Jefferson County, Alabama 2000-01  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The U.S. Geological Survey conducted a 16-month investigation of water quality, aquatic-community structure, bed sediment, and fish tissue in Village and Valley Creeks, two urban streams that drain areas of residential, commercial, and industrial land use in Birmingham, Alabama. Water-quality data were collected between February 2000 and March 2001 at four sites on Village Creek, three sites on Valley Creek, and at two reference sites near Birmingham, Fivemile Creek and Little Cahaba River, that drain less urbanized areas. The occurrence and distribution of chemical constituents in the water column and bed sediment provided an initial assessment of water quality in the streams. Aquatic-community structure, physical condition of fish, and analysis of fish tissue provided an indication of the cumulative effects of the water quality on the aquatic biota. Degraded water quality was seen at the more urbanized sites on Village and Valley Creeks. Elevated concentrations of nutrients, bacteria, trace elements, and organic contaminants were detected in the water column. Trace-element priority pollutants, pesticides, and other organic compounds were detected in higher concentrations in bed sediment and fish tissue at the Village and Valley Creek sites than at the reference site. The richness and density of the fish and benthic-invertebrate communities indicate that the integrity of the aquatic communities in Village and Valley Creeks is poor in comparison to that observed at the two reference sites. Correlations between land use and aquatic-community structure, water quality, bed sediment, and fish tissue were observed. The abundance of mayflies and the number of EPT (ephemeroptera, plecoptera, tricoptera) taxa were negatively correlated with industrial land use. The abundance of midges (an indicator of poor water quality) was positively correlated with industrial land use; the percentage of mosquitofishes (a tolerant species) was positively correlated with commercial land use. In contrast, the numbers of fish species, fish families, and the percentage of sunfishes (intolerant species) were positively correlated with forested land use, indicating that the more diverse fish communities were found in basins with a higher percentage of forested land. The concentrations of 12 water-quality constituents and 18 organic compounds detected in bed sediment were positively correlated with industrial land use. Mercury and molybdenum concentrations detected in fish-liver tissue also were positively correlated with industrial land use. The water quality and aquatic-community structure in Village and Valley Creeks are degraded in comparison to streams flowing through less urbanized areas. Decreased diversity and elevated concentrations of trace elements and organic contaminants in the water column, bed sediment, and fish tissues at Village and Valley Creeks are indicative of the effects of urbanization. Industrial land use, in particular, was significantly correlated to elevated contaminant levels in the water column, bed sediment, fish tissues, and to the declining health of the benthic-invertebrate communities. The results of this 16-month study have long-range watershed management implications, demonstrating the association between urban development and stream degradation. These data can serve as a baseline from which to determine the effectiveness of stream-restoration programs.

McPherson, A. K.

2002-12-01

326

Investigation of water quality and aquatic-community structure in Village and Valley Creeks, City of Birmingham, Jefferson County, Alabama, 2000-01  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey conducted a 16-month investigation of water quality, aquatic-community structure, bed sediment, and fish tissue in Village and Valley Creeks, two urban streams that drain areas of highly intensive residential, commercial, and industrial land use in Birmingham, Alabama. Water-quality data were collected between February 2000 and March 2001 at four sites on Village Creek, three sites on Valley Creek, and at two reference sites near Birmingham?Fivemile Creek and Little Cahaba River, both of which drain less-urbanized areas. Stream samples were analyzed for major ions, nutrients, fecal bacteria, trace and major elements, pesticides, and selected organic constituents. Bed-sediment and fish-tissue samples were analyzed for trace and major elements, pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls, and additional organic compounds. Aquatic-community structure was evaluated by conducting one survey of the fish community and in-stream habitat and two surveys of the benthic-invertebrate community. Bed-sediment and fish-tissue samples, benthic-invertebrates, and habitat data were collected between June 2000 and October 2000 at six of the nine water-quality sites; fish communities were evaluated in April and May 2001 at the six sites where habitat and benthic-invertebrate data were collected. The occurrence and distribution of chemical constituents in the water column and bed sediment provided an initial assessment of water quality in the streams. The structure of the aquatic communities, the physical condition of the fish, and the chemical analyses of fish tissue provided an indication of the cumulative effects of water quality on the aquatic biota. Water chemistry was similar at all sites, characterized by strong calcium-bicarbonate component and magnesium components. Median concentrations of total nitrogen and total phosphorus were highest at the headwaters of Valley Creek and lowest at the reference site on Fivemile Creek. In Village Creek, median concentrations of nitrite and ammonia increased in a downstream direction. In Valley Creek, median concentrations of nitrate, nitrite, ammonia, organic nitrogen, suspended phosphorus, and orthophosphate decreased in a downstream direction. Median concentrations of Escherichia coli and fecal coliform bacteria were highest at the most upstream site of Valley Creek and lowest at the reference site on Fivemile Creek. Concentrations of enterococci exceeded the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency criterion in 80 percent of the samples; concentrations of Escherichia coli exceeded the criterion in 56 percent of the samples. Concentrations of bacteria at the downstream sites on Village and Valley Creeks were elevated during high flow rather than low flow, indicating the presence of nonpoint sources. Surface-water samples were analyzed for chemical compounds that are commonly found in wastewater and urban runoff. The median number of wastewater indicators was highest at the most upstream site on Valley Creek and lowest at the reference site on Fivemile Creek. Concentrations of total recoverable cadmium, copper, lead, and zinc in surface water exceeded acute and chronic aquatic life criteria in up to 24 percent of the samples that were analyzed for trace and major elements. High concentrations of trace and major elements in the water column were detected most frequently during high flow, indicating the presence of nonpoint sources. Of the 24 pesticides detected in surface water, 17 were herbicides and 7 were insecticides. Atrazine, simazine, and prometon were the most commonly detected herbicides; diazinon, chlorpyrifos, and carbaryl were the most commonly detected insecticides. Concentrations of atrazine, carbaryl, chlorpyrifos, diazinon, and malathion periodically exceeded criteria for the protection of aquatic life. Trace-element priority pollutants, pesticides, and other organic compounds were detected in higher concentrations in bed sediment at the Village and Valley Creek sites t

McPherson, Ann K.; Abrahamsen, Thomas A.; Journey, Celeste A.

2002-01-01

327

Road to evolution? Local adaptation to road adjacency in an amphibian (Ambystoma maculatum)  

PubMed Central

The network of roads on the landscape is vast, and contributes a suite of negative ecological effects on adjacent habitats, ranging from fragmentation to contamination by runoff. In addition to the immediate consequences faced by biota living in roaded landscapes, road effects may further function as novel agents of selection, setting the stage for contemporary evolutionary changes in local populations. Though the ecological consequences of roads are well described, evolutionary outcomes remain largely unevaluated. To address these potential responses in tandem, I conducted a reciprocal transplant experiment on early life history stages of a pool-breeding salamander. My data show that despite a strong, negative effect of roadside pools on salamander performance, populations adjacent to roads are locally adapted. This suggests that the response of species to human-altered environments varies across local populations, and that adaptive processes may mediate this response.

Brady, Steven P.

2012-01-01

328

Road to evolution? Local adaptation to road adjacency in an amphibian (Ambystoma maculatum).  

PubMed

The network of roads on the landscape is vast, and contributes a suite of negative ecological effects on adjacent habitats, ranging from fragmentation to contamination by runoff. In addition to the immediate consequences faced by biota living in roaded landscapes, road effects may further function as novel agents of selection, setting the stage for contemporary evolutionary changes in local populations. Though the ecological consequences of roads are well described, evolutionary outcomes remain largely unevaluated. To address these potential responses in tandem, I conducted a reciprocal transplant experiment on early life history stages of a pool-breeding salamander. My data show that despite a strong, negative effect of roadside pools on salamander performance, populations adjacent to roads are locally adapted. This suggests that the response of species to human-altered environments varies across local populations, and that adaptive processes may mediate this response. PMID:22355748

Brady, Steven P

2012-01-26

329

Road trauma perceptions and the potential influence of the media.  

PubMed

The United Nations Decade of Action for Road Safety (2011-2020) recognises the urgency of addressing global road trauma. Road crashes and attempts to reduce risky driving, including public education campaigns, receive media attention in many countries. In Australia, road fatalities have declined significantly. However, the extent of awareness about this success and of fatalities overall is unclear. A survey of 833 Australian drivers revealed the majority of participants under-estimated fatalities. Unexpectedly, some under-estimates appear based on recollections of media reports. The findings suggest lack of awareness of the extent of road deaths and that, paradoxically, media reports might contribute to under-estimations. This represents a major public health challenge. Engaging community support for road safety, relative to other health/safety messages, may prove difficult if the extent of road trauma is misunderstood. Misperceptions about fatality levels may be a barrier to road users adopting safety precautions or supporting further road safety countermeasures. PMID:22515659

Fleiter, Judy J; Watson, Barry

2012-04-19

330

Road rage among drug dependent patients.  

PubMed

The consumption of alcohol, cocaine and cannabis is associated with aggressive behaviour, being a victim of injuries from various causes, and suffering traffic accidents. On the other hand, there is a significant association between road rage and traffic accidents, yet this has not been studied in persons suffering a substance dependence disorder. This study analyses the prevalence of road rage in substance dependent patients undergoing treatment. 100 patients randomly selected at an outpatient treatment centre were included in the study. 63% of the patients had experienced road rage in the year prior to the interview, and 18% were serious perpetrators. There was a higher frequency among drivers and those who were starting treatment for cocaine and cocaine+heroin. The study shows that road rage is very frequent among patients with disorders due to substance dependence who are undergoing treatment, in particular the most severe form ("serious perpetrators"). Special attention should be addressed to the issue of driving and road rage during the treatment of these patients. PMID:22840213

Benavidez, Daniela C; Flores, Antonio Marcos; Fierro, Inmaculada; Alvarez, F Javier

2012-07-27

331

Road vehicle emission factors development: A review  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Pollutant emissions need to be accurately estimated to ensure that air quality plans are designed and implemented appropriately. Emission factors (EFs) are empirical functional relations between pollutant emissions and the activity that causes them. In this review article, the techniques used to measure road vehicle emissions are examined in relation to the development of EFs found in emission models used to produce emission inventories. The emission measurement techniques covered include those most widely used for road vehicle emissions data collection, namely chassis and engine dynamometer measurements, remote sensing, road tunnel studies and portable emission measurements systems (PEMS). The main advantages and disadvantages of each method with regards to emissions modelling are presented. A review of the ways in which EFs may be derived from test data is also performed, with a clear distinction between data obtained under controlled conditions (engine and chassis dynamometer measurements using standard driving cycles) and measurements under real-world operation.

Franco, Vicente; Kousoulidou, Marina; Muntean, Marilena; Ntziachristos, Leonidas; Hausberger, Stefan; Dilara, Panagiota

2013-05-01

332

Autonomous road navigation for unmanned ground vehicles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Navigation and Control Group, Missile Guidance Directorate, Research Development & Engineering Center of the U.S. Army Missile Command is conducting a program to develop and demonstrate a robust, low cost machine vision system for autonomous vehicles. This machine vision system has the requirement of providing robust classification of roads and obstacles over varying terrain, lighting, and weather. The focus of the development is to operate using a passive sensor suite of a color video camera and a black hot FLIR video camera. Machine vision algorithms have been developed and tested in a simulation environment using test sequences from video segments of various road types. This paper presents a novel approach to road and obstacle classification based on color video input. The paper begins by defining the problem and is followed by a discussion of the major functions of the simulation including the mission supervisor, the image server, the image processing algorithms, and concludes with experimental results.

Speigle, Scott A.; McIngvale, Pat; Olson, Keith; Scales, Allen; Larsen, Karin

1995-06-01

333

Assessment of rockfall risk along roads  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper contains a method for the analysis of rockfall risk along roads and motorways. The method is derived from the Rockfall Hazard Rating System (RHRS) developed by Pierson et al. (1990) at the Oregon State Highway Division. The RHRS provides a rational way to make informed decisions on where and how to spend construction funds. Exponential scoring functions are used to represent the increases, respectively, in hazard and in vulnerability that are reflected in the nine categories forming the classification. The resulting total score contains the essential elements regarding the evaluation of the degree of the exposition to the risk along roads. In the modified method, the ratings for the categories "ditch effectiveness", "geologic characteristic", "volume of rockfall/block size", "climate and water circulation" and "rockfall history" have been rendered more easy and objective. The main modifications regard the introduction of Slope Mass Rating by Romana (1985, 1988, 1991) improving the estimate of the geologic characteristics, of the volume of the potentially unstable blocks and the underground water circulation. Other modifications regard the scoring for the categories "decision sight distance" and "road geometry". For these categories, the Italian National Council's standards (Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche - CNR) have been used (CNR, 1980). The method must be applied in both the traffic directions because the percentage of reduction in the decision sight distance greatly affects the results. An application of the modified method to a 2km long section of the Sorrentine road (no 145) in Southern Italy was developed. A high traffic intensity affects the entire section of the road and rockfalls periodically cause casualties, as well as a large amount of damage and traffic interruptions. The method was applied to seven cross sections of slopes adjacent to the Sorrentine road. For these slopes, the analysis shows that the risk is unacceptable and it should be reduced using urgent remedial works.

Budetta, P.

2004-03-01

334

Effects of roads on survival of San Clemente Island foxes  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Roads generate a variety of influences on wildlife populations; however, little is known about the effects of roads on endemic wildlife on islands. Specifically, road-kills of island foxes (Urocyon littoralis) on San Clemente Island (SCI), Channel Islands, California, USA are a concern for resource managers. To determine the effects of roads on island foxes, we radiocollared foxes using a 3-tiered sampling design to represent the entire population in the study area, a sub-population near roads, and a sub-population away from roads on SCI. We examined annual survival rates using nest-survival models, causes of mortalities, and movements for each sample. We found the population had high annual survival (0.90), although survival declined with use of road habitat, particularly for intermediate-aged foxes. Foxes living near roads suffered lower annual survival (0.76), resulting from high frequencies of road-kills (7 of 11 mortalities). Foxes living away from roads had the highest annual survival (0.97). Road-kill was the most prominent cause of mortality detected on SCI, which we estimated as killing 3-8% of the population in the study area annually. Based on movements, we were unable to detect any responses by foxes that minimized their risks from roads. The probabilities of road-kills increased with use of the road habitat, volume of traffic, and decreasing road sinuosity. We recommend that managers should attempt to reduce road-kills by deterring or excluding foxes from entering roads, and attempting to modify behaviors of motorists to be vigilant for foxes. ?? 2011 The Wildlife Society.

Snow, N. P.; Andelt, W. F.; Stanley, T. R.; Resnik, J. R.; Munson, L.

2012-01-01

335

Altitude and Configuration of the Potentiometric Surface in the Crystalline and Metasedimentary Rocks in Birmingham, Newlin, Pennsbury, and Pocopson Townships and parts of East Marlborough and Kennett Townships, Chester County, Pennsylvania, June 1994 through November 1995  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A map showing ground-water levels in crystalline and metasedimentary rocks in Birmingham, Newlin, Pennsbury, and Pocopson Townships and parts of East Marlborough and Kennett Townships, Chester County, Pennsylvania, was constructed from water levels measured in wells from June 1994 through November 1995. Pre-1994 measurements were incorporated on the map to provide control in areas where more recent data were not available. Because little ground-water development has occurred in the areas where pre-1994 water levels were used, levels are assumed to be the same in 1994 and 1995 as they were when the measurement was made.

Wood, Charles R.; Wettstein, William C.; Aichele, Steven S.; Joyce, James; Schneider, Frank M.

1996-01-01

336

Protocol for Birmingham Atrial Fibrillation Treatment of the Aged study (BAFTA): a randomised controlled trial of warfarin versus aspirin for stroke prevention in the management of atrial fibrillation in an elderly primary care population [ISRCTN89345269  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Atrial fibrillation (AF) is an important independent risk factor for stroke. Randomised controlled trials have shown that\\u000a this risk can be reduced substantially by treatment with warfarin or more modestly by treatment with aspirin. Existing trial\\u000a data for the effectiveness of warfarin are drawn largely from studies in selected secondary care populations that under-represent\\u000a the elderly.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a The Birmingham Atrial Fibrillation

Jonathan WF Mant; Suzanne H Richards; FD Richard Hobbs; David Fitzmaurice; Gregory YH Lip; Ellen Murray; Miriam Banting; Kate Fletcher; Joy Rahman; Teresa Allan; James Raftery; Stirling Bryan

2003-01-01

337

36 CFR 212.5 - Road system management.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE TRAVEL MANAGEMENT Administration of the Forest... § 212.5 Road system management. (a) Traffic rules...official must incorporate a science-based roads analysis...to meet resource and other management objectives adopted in...

2013-07-01

338

SMITH FARM FROM EBEY ROAD, LOOKING NORTH. (At the right, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

SMITH FARM FROM EBEY ROAD, LOOKING NORTH. (At the right, this image shows the addition added to the granary in 1998 in order to adapt it to a family home.) - Smith Farm, 399 Ebey Road, Coupeville, Island County, WA

339

1. View north along old section of New Bridge Road, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. View north along old section of New Bridge Road, western estate wall and Temple of Love to right - A. I. Du Pont Estate, Junction of State Route 141 & Rockland Road, Wilmington, New Castle County, DE

340

1. View looking northwest, from Middle Mount Vernon Road, showing ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. View looking northwest, from Middle Mount Vernon Road, showing the slight rise upon which the building was constructed. - Perry Township School No. 3, Middle Mount Vernon & Eickhoff Roads, Evansville, Vanderburgh County, IN

341

Chemically Breaking the Bond Between Ice and Road Surfaces.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The rates for breaking the bond between ice and road surfaces have been measured as a function of the temperature, the type of road surface, and the chemical application. Surfaces of asphalt, concrete, and brick gave indistinguishable results. Chemicals u...

S. E. Trost F. J. Heng E. L. Cussler

1987-01-01

342

OVERVIEW OF GOLD HILL MILL, ROAD, AND WARM SPRINGS CAMP ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

OVERVIEW OF GOLD HILL MILL, ROAD, AND WARM SPRINGS CAMP BUILDINGS, LOOKING SOUTH SOUTHEAST. THE FUNCTION OF THE FLAT AREA AT CENTER RIGHT IS UNKNOWN. - Gold Hill Mill, Warm Spring Canyon Road, Death Valley Junction, Inyo County, CA

343

CLOSE UP VIEW OF MILL FROM KEKAHA ROAD, WITH UNLOADER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

CLOSE UP VIEW OF MILL FROM KEKAHA ROAD, WITH UNLOADER AND CRUSHING MILL WING IN THE FOREGROUND. VIEW FROM THE NORTHEAST - Kekaha Sugar Company, Sugar Mill Building, 8315 Kekaha Road, Kekaha, Kauai County, HI

344

VIEW OF MILL FROM KEKAHA ROAD, WITH SUGAR BIN, CANE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

VIEW OF MILL FROM KEKAHA ROAD, WITH SUGAR BIN, CANE CLEANING PLANT AND CRUSHING MILL TO THE FORE. VIEW FROM THE EAST - Kekaha Sugar Company, Sugar Mill Building, 8315 Kekaha Road, Kekaha, Kauai County, HI

345

11. COULTERVILLE ROAD AT ROCK SLIDE AREA WITH HWY 140 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

11. COULTERVILLE ROAD AT ROCK SLIDE AREA WITH HWY 140 AT REAR. LOOKING NNE. GIS: N-37 43 04.7 / W-119 43 00.3 - Coulterville Road, Between Foresta & All-Weather Highway, Yosemite Village, Mariposa County, CA

346

2. HISTORIC PHOTOGRAPH, VIEW TO WEST ROCKS ROAD BRIDGE, CA. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. HISTORIC PHOTOGRAPH, VIEW TO WEST ROCKS ROAD BRIDGE, CA. 1940. COLLECTION CONNECTICUT DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION. - Merritt Parkway, West Rocks Road Bridge, Spanning Merritt Parkway, Norwalk, Fairfield County, CT

347

3. ELEVATION. FROM SOUTH WITH CANAL PRISM. Canal Road ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. ELEVATION. FROM SOUTH WITH CANAL PRISM. - Canal Road Bridge, Canal Road spanning Delaware Canal Diversion, Locks 22 & 23 in Delaware Canal State Park in Williams Township, Raubsville, Northampton County, PA

348

13. View of historic district looking northeast, with road to ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

13. View of historic district looking northeast, with road to left and Ogeechee River in background - Richmond Hill Plantation, East of Richmond Hill on Ford Neck Road, Richmond Hill, Bryan County, GA

349

22. View of historic district looking northeast; road in foreground ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

22. View of historic district looking northeast; road in foreground and Ogeechee River in background - Richmond Hill Plantation, East of Richmond Hill on Ford Neck Road, Richmond Hill, Bryan County, GA

350

76. VIEW OF SECOND WEAPONS STORAGE AREA ALONG SERVICE ROAD ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

76. VIEW OF SECOND WEAPONS STORAGE AREA ALONG SERVICE ROAD SHOWING BUILDINGS 338-333 LOOKING NORTHWEST. - Loring Air Force Base, Weapons Storage Area, Northeastern corner of base at northern end of Maine Road, Limestone, Aroostook County, ME

351

[Effects of road construction on regional vegetation types].  

PubMed

As a regional artificial disturbance component, road exerts great effects on vegetation types, and plays a substantial role in defining vegetation distribution to a certain extent. Aiming at the tropical rainforest degradation and artificial forest expansion in Yunnan Province of Southwest China, this paper analyzed the effects of road network extension on regional vegetation types. In the Province, different classes of roads had different effects on the vegetation types, but no obvious regularity was observed in the effects on the patch areas of different vegetation types due to the great variations of road length and affected distance. However, the vegetation patch number was more affected by lower class roads because of their wide distribution. As for different vegetation types, the vegetations on cultivated land were most affected by roads, followed by Castanopsis hystrix and Schima wallichii forests. Road network formation contributed most to the vegetation fragmentation, and there existed significant correlations between the human disturbance factors including village- and road distributions. PMID:24015533

Liu, Shi-Liang; Liu, Qi; Wang, Cong; Yang, Jue-Jie; Deng, Li

2013-05-01

352

36 CFR 212.5 - Road system management.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...should give priority to decommissioning those unneeded roads that pose the greatest risk to public safety or to environmental degradation. (c) Cost recovery on National Forest System roads. The Chief may determine that a share of the...

2010-07-01

353

SMITH FARM FROM COOK ROAD, LOOKING WEST. (The farm buildings ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

SMITH FARM FROM COOK ROAD, LOOKING WEST. (The farm buildings from left to right are: granary, garage, Gould house, and barn. The Olympic Mountains are visible in the distance.) - Smith Farm, 399 Ebey Road, Coupeville, Island County, WA

354

PEDESTRIAN UNDERPASS AT CRESCENT ROAD AND ROOSEVELT CENTER FROM NORTH. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

PEDESTRIAN UNDERPASS AT CRESCENT ROAD AND ROOSEVELT CENTER FROM NORTH. NOTE DALE WINLING, 2005 SALLY KRESS TOMPKINS FELLOW, WALKING THROUGH UNDERPASS. - Old Greenbelt, Crescent Road and Southway, Greenbelt, Prince George's County, MD

355

Feasibility Study of Filament Wound Composite Road Wheel.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The feasibility of fabricating a M113 composite road wheel by the filament winding process has been demonstrated. Theoretical results, showing road wheel deformation where subjected to a radial compression load, have been obtained for both the conventiona...

G. D'Andrea P. G. O'Hara P. J. Croteau

1976-01-01

356

The Rehabilitated AASHO Test Road. PART I. Materials and Construction.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Working Committee for the AASHO Road Test project recommended extending the study of the AASHO Road Test under mixed traffic at the site near Ottawa, Illinois. New subbase materials introduced under rigid pavement were crushed stone, gravel, bituminou...

R. J. Little L. J. McKenzie P. G. Dierstein

1973-01-01

357

9. REYNOLDS AVENUE BRIDGE, ROAD VIEW. NOTE THE GRADE RISES ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. REYNOLDS AVENUE BRIDGE, ROAD VIEW. NOTE THE GRADE RISES OVER TRACKS DUE TO INCREASED LOCOMOTIVE SIZES. SEVERAL MONUMENTS WERE MOVED TO FACILITATE THIS. VIEW NE. - Gettysburg National Military Park Tour Roads, Gettysburg, Adams County, PA

358

Phase-Based Road Detection in Multi-Source Images  

SciTech Connect

The problem of robust automatic road detection in remotely sensed images is complicated by the fact that the sensor, spatial resolution, acquisition conditions, road width, road orientation and road material composition can all vary. A novel technique for detecting road pixels in multi-source remotely sensed images based on the phase (i.e., orientation or directional) information in edge pixels is described. A very dense map of edges extracted from the image is separated into channels, each containing edge pixels whose phases lie within a different range of orientations. The edge map associated with each channel is de-cluttered. A map of road pixels is formed by re-combining the de-cluttered channels into a composite edge image which is itself then separately de-cluttered. Road detection results are provided for DigitalGlobe and TerraServerUSA images. Road representations suitable for various applications are then discussed.

Sengupta, S K; Lopez, A S; Brase, J M; Paglieroni, D W

2004-06-16

359

OVERALL VIEW OF MILL YARD FROM HALEKO ROAD. QUONSET WAREHOUSE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

OVERALL VIEW OF MILL YARD FROM HALEKO ROAD. QUONSET WAREHOUSE IN LEFT FOREGROUND, BOILING HOUSE IN MIDDLE, WAREHOUSE AND ELECTRIC SHOP TO THE RIGHT. VIEW FROM SOUTHWEST - Lihue Plantation Company, Sugar Mill Building, Haleko Road, Lihue, Kauai County, HI

360

VIEW OF HOWLAND HILL ROAD, JEDEDIAH SMITH STATE PARK. CRESCENT ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

VIEW OF HOWLAND HILL ROAD, JEDEDIAH SMITH STATE PARK. CRESCENT CITY, DEL NORTE COUNTY, CALIFORNIA. LOOKING E. - Redwood National & State Parks Roads, California coast from Crescent City to Trinidad, Crescent City, Del Norte County, CA

361

Transportation Study: Review and Evaluation of County Road Policies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is part of the first year of the Union County Master Plan Program. It consists of a review of county road policy legislative background, administration, traffic regulation and control, road improvement and maintenance, and financing. As a part ...

1969-01-01

362

View looking E along Louisville Road showing S elevation. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View looking E along Louisville Road showing S elevation. - Central of Georgia Railway, Passenger Station & Train Shed, Corner of Louisville (Railroad) Road & West Broad Street, Savannah, Chatham County, GA

363

Reiselivstrafikk pa Veg (Holiday Monitoring on Norwegian Roads).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report summarizes and analyses existing knowledge of tourist traffic on Norwegian roads. The data sources include traffic counts, the national travel behavior survey, the Norwegian foreign visitor survey, and tourist road surveys. The holiday based r...

B. Grue

2007-01-01

364

8. Vidw southwest, junction of SR 141 and Rockland Road, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. Vidw southwest, junction of SR 141 and Rockland Road, northern estate wall and tree lines to left - A. I. Du Pont Estate, Junction of State Route 141 & Rockland Road, Wilmington, New Castle County, DE

365

6. View northeast, junction of SR 141 and Rockland Road, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. View northeast, junction of SR 141 and Rockland Road, western estate wall and tree lines to right - A. I. Du Pont Estate, Junction of State Route 141 & Rockland Road, Wilmington, New Castle County, DE

366

Contextual view of Building 477 along Reeves Road, view facing ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Contextual view of Building 477 along Reeves Road, view facing east - U.S. Marine Corps Base Hawaii, Kaneohe Bay, Golf Course Equipment & Repair Shop, Reeves & Moffett Roads, Kaneohe, Honolulu County, HI

367

2. HISTORIC PHOTOGRAPH, VIEW FROM EMBANKMENT TO ROCKY HILL ROAD ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. HISTORIC PHOTOGRAPH, VIEW FROM EMBANKMENT TO ROCKY HILL ROAD RAIL BED BRIDGE, CA. 1940. COLLECTION CONNECTICUT DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION. - Merritt Parkway, Rocky Hill Road Bridge, Spanning Merritt Parkway at 32.54 mile mark, Trumbull, Fairfield County, CT

368

1. HISTORIC PHOTOGRAPH, VIEW OF ROUND HILL ROAD BRIDGE, LOOKING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. HISTORIC PHOTOGRAPH, VIEW OF ROUND HILL ROAD BRIDGE, LOOKING WEST, CA. 1940. CONNECTICUT DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION. - Merritt Parkway, Round Hill Road Bridge, Spanning Merritt Parkway at 3.5 mile mark, Greenwich, Fairfield County, CT

369

A Meteorological Observation System for Road and Aviation Meteorological Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The observation station measured wind profiles, as well as air humidity and temperature profiles; it also measured temperature profiles in both road based constructions. The balances of both short wave and long wave radiation were measured over the road s...

G. Kari

1977-01-01

370

68. AVENUE OF THE GIANTS, OLD HIGHWAY 101, ROAD VIEW ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

68. AVENUE OF THE GIANTS, OLD HIGHWAY 101, ROAD VIEW .5 MILE NORTH OF MIRANDA. HUMBOLDT COUNTY, CALIFORNIA. LOOKING NW. - Redwood National & State Parks Roads, California coast from Crescent City to Trinidad, Crescent City, Del Norte County, CA

371

20. AVENUE OF THE GIANTS, OLD HIGHWAY 101, ROAD VIEW ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

20. AVENUE OF THE GIANTS, OLD HIGHWAY 101, ROAD VIEW .5 MILE NORTH OF MIRANDA. HUMBOLDT COUNTY, CALIFORNIA. LOOKING NW. - Redwood National & State Parks Roads, California coast from Crescent City to Trinidad, Crescent City, Del Norte County, CA

372

21. AVENUE OF THE GIANTS, OLD HIGHWAY 101, ROAD VIEW ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

21. AVENUE OF THE GIANTS, OLD HIGHWAY 101, ROAD VIEW 1.5 MILES NORTH OF MIRANDA. HUMBOLDT COUNTY, CALIFORNIA. LOOKING N. - Redwood National & State Parks Roads, California coast from Crescent City to Trinidad, Crescent City, Del Norte County, CA

373

69. AVENUE OF THE GIANTS, OLD HIGHWAY 101, ROAD VIEW ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

69. AVENUE OF THE GIANTS, OLD HIGHWAY 101, ROAD VIEW 1.5 MILES NORTH OF MIRANDA. HUMBOLDT COUNTY, CALIFORNIA. LOOKING N. - Redwood National & State Parks Roads, California coast from Crescent City to Trinidad, Crescent City, Del Norte County, CA

374

Forest Road Erosion, Sediment Transport, and Model Validation in ...  

Treesearch

Science.gov - We Participate ... The segments provide replication of road types under a variety of usage levels, road base materials and slopes. ... Model results improved with digital elevation model (DEM) and computational grid resolution.

375

36 CFR 212.55 - Criteria for designation of roads, trails, and areas.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...TRAVEL MANAGEMENT Designation of Roads, Trails, and Areas for Motor Vehicle Use § 212.55 Criteria for...and distribution of traffic on roads; and (2) Compatibility of vehicle class with road geometry and road surfacing....

2013-07-01

376

77 FR 26785 - Implementation of Indian Reservation Roads Program and Streamlining the Federal Delivery of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Implementation of Indian Reservation Roads Program and Streamlining the Federal Delivery of Tribal...on legislation involving the Indian Reservation Roads program. DATES: See the...recommendation for changing how the Proposed Roads and Access Roads will...

2012-05-07

377

77 FR 36289 - Implementation of Indian Reservation Roads Program and Streamlining the Federal Delivery of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Implementation of Indian Reservation Roads Program and Streamlining the Federal Delivery of Tribal...Proposed Roads and Access Roads are considered in the calculation of the Relative...transportation legislation involving the Indian Reservation Roads program or, if new...

2012-06-18

378

48 CFR 452.236-79 - Opted Timber Sale Road Requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...436.579, insert the following clause: Opted Timber Sale Road Requirements (NOV...This contract is for the construction of timber sale road(s) which a timber...obligated to make these roads available to the timber purchaser...

2012-10-01

379

Livscykelanalys av Vaeg: En Modellstudie foer Inventering (Life Cycle Assessment of Roads: An Inventory Model Study).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In co-operation with the Swedish National Road Administration, the Swedish Environmental Research Institute (IVL) has performed a basic life cycle assessment covering the inventory part for road construction, road maintenance and road operation. This work...

H. Stripple

1995-01-01

380

25 CFR 170.804 - How is BIA's Road Maintenance Program related to the IRR Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false How is BIA's Road Maintenance Program related to the IRR Program...INDIAN RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM BIA Road Maintenance § 170.804 How is BIA's Road Maintenance Program related to the IRR...

2013-04-01

381

Texture-Based Vanishing Point Voting for Road Shape Estimation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many rural roads lack sharp, smoothly curving edges and a homogeneous surface appearance, hampering traditional vision-based road-following methods. However, they often have strong texture cues parallel to the road direction in the form of ruts and tracks left by other vehicles. This paper describes an unsupervised al- gorithm for following ill-structured roads in which dominant texture orientations computed with Gabor

Christopher Rasmussen

382

SIMULATION OF DAMAGE EVOLUTION IN A SPRAY SEALED ROAD  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Australia, heavy vehicles with 'road-friendly' suspensions are allowed higher static axle loads ('Higher Mass Limits' - HML), based on a type-approval test, performed on new vehicles. The 'Road Friendliness' regulation does not have any requirement for suspensions to retain their road-friendliness in-service. To pass the road-friendliness test, an air suspension needs to have fully-functioning hydraulic shock absorbers. These components

M. Costanzi; D. Cebon

383

Increase of urban lake salinity by road deicing salt  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over 317,000 tonnes of road salt (NaCl) are applied annually for road deicing in the Twin Cities Metropolitan Area (TCMA) of Minnesota. Although road salt is applied to increase driving safety, this practice influences environmental water quality. Thirteen lakes in the TCMA were studied over 46 months to determine if and how they respond to the seasonal applications of road salt.

Eric V. Novotny; Dan Murphy; Heinz G. Stefan

2008-01-01

384

Vehicle-based road dust emission measurement (III)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The testing re-entrained aerosol kinetic emissions from roads (TRAKER) road dust measurement system was used to survey more than 400km of paved roads in southwestern Idaho during 3-week sampling campaigns in winter and summer, 2001. Each data point, consisting of a 1-s measurement of particle light scattering sampled behind the front tire, was associated with a link (section of road)

V. Etyemezian; H. Kuhns; J. Gillies; J. Chow; K. Hendrickson; M. McGown; M. Pitchford

2003-01-01

385

ROAD SAFETY IN RURAL AND REMOTE AREAS OF AUSTRALIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT Road trauma,in rural and remote,areas of Australia is a major national road safety problem. Although well over half of all fatal crashes occur on roads within these environments, it has not been,until the past decade,that road safetystrategies,and programs,have focused,on these areas. In an endeavour,to provide a more comprehensive understanding,of the nature and causes

Colin Edmonston; Mary Sheehan

386

How Does Decommissioning Forest Roads Effect Hydrologic and Geomorphic Risk?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The US Forest Service is investigating road decommissioning projects to understand how treatments change hydrologic and geomorphic risks. Road treatment effect was measured using a before after control impact design (BACI), using the Geomorphic Road Analysis and Inventory Package (http:\\/\\/www.fs.fed.us\\/GRAIP). This suite of inventory and analysis tools evaluates: road-stream hydrologic connectivity, fine sediment production and delivery, shallow landslide risk, gully

T. Black; C. Luce; R. M. Cissel; N. Nelson; B. Staab

2010-01-01

387

Characteristics of Perpetrators of Serious Violence on the Roads  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined data from convicted offenders in the Australian state of Victoria to examine whether the perpetrators of interpersonal violence differ between road and non-road contexts. A case–control methodology was used to compare data from 31 episodes of road violence with 31 episodes of violence against strangers that resulted in similar charges but which occurred in non-road contexts. Information

Andrew Carroll; Ann Davidson; James Ogloff

2010-01-01

388

Video road-following for the autonomous land vehicle  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe the vision system for Alvin, the Autonomous Land Vehicle, addressing in particular the task of road-following. The system builds symbolic descriptions of the road and obstacle boundaries using both video and range sensors. Road segmentation methods are described for video-based road-following, along with approaches to boundary extraction and the transformation of boundaries in the image plane into a

Matthew A. Turk; David G. Morgenthaler; Keith D. Gremban; Martin Marra

1987-01-01

389

13. VIEW OF THE ROAD ABOVE THE DRYLAID ROCK WALL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

13. VIEW OF THE ROAD ABOVE THE DRY-LAID ROCK WALL (TY-3177-12 ON THE KINGS CANYON ROAD WHERE THE ROAD WILL BE GRADED AND BLADED. LOCATED AT MILEPOST 1.83 (ACCORDING TO THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE RECORD FOR SITE TY-3177). PHOTO IS TAKEN FROM THE NORTHERN END OF THE FEATURE, FACING DUE WEST (2700). - Kings Canyon Road, Carson City, Carson City, NV

390

Friction coefficient measurement for autonomous winter road maintenance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Real-time measurement of tyre–road friction coefficient is extremely valuable for winter road maintenance operations, since knowledge of tyre–road friction coefficient can be used to optimise application of deicing chemicals to the roadway. In this paper, a wheel-based tyre–road friction coefficient measurement system is developed for snowploughs. Unlike a traditional Norse meter, this system is based on measurement of lateral tyre

Gurkan Erdogan; Lee Alexander; Rajesh Rajamani

2009-01-01

391

Optimized norm-conserving Vanderbilt pseudopotentials  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Fully nonlocal two-projector norm-conserving pseudopotentials are shown to be compatible with a systematic approach to the optimization of convergence with the size of the plane-wave basis. A reformulation of the optimization is developed, including the ability to apply it to positive-energy atomic scattering states and to enforce greater continuity in the pseudopotential. The generalization of norm conservation to multiple projectors is reviewed and recast for the present purposes. Comparisons among the results of all-electron and one- and two-projector norm-conserving pseudopotential calculations of lattice constants and bulk moduli are made for a group of solids chosen to represent a variety of types of bonding and a sampling of the periodic table.

Hamann, D. R.

2013-08-01

392

3-D Road Structure from Motion Stereo.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper presents a new method for reconstructing the 3-D structure of road boundaries from consecutive images. First, we present a method for estimating depth information by applying a motion stereo method to consecutive images, given an estimate of th...

M. Asada

1987-01-01

393

Energy Requirement for Electric Road Vehicle Propulsion.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The energy balance is established on the basis of a flow diagram for the energy in an electrically-propelled road vehicle. In addition to energy restoration, the accelerated masses, the efficiencies of the energy source and the transmission means and the ...

U. Hahn

1976-01-01

394

Taking Your Show on the Road.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a local interpretation program in New England that uses a motorcoach to take visitors on a day-long tour of several sites in the region. Explains how to create similar programs elsewhere and gives advice for preparing for the tour, orienting tour members, interpreting on the road, pacing tours over a day, and stopping at tour sites.…

Buchanan, Suzanne

1998-01-01

395

Benchmarking road safety performances of countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to obtain political interest in road safety problems and to learn from other countries’ ‘good practices’, it is often helpful to compare one’s own safety situation with that of other countries. In a number of projects tools have been developed for such comparisons. These tools range from simple ratings of countries on their safety outcomes, such as the

Fred Wegman; Siem Oppe

2010-01-01

396

Road transportable analytical laboratory (RTAL) system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Remediation of DOE contaminated areas requires extensive sampling and analysis. Reliable, road transportable, fully independent laboratory systems that could perform on-site a full range of analyses meeting high levels of quality assurance and control, would accelerate and thereby reduce the cost of cleanup and remediation efforts by (1) providing critical analytical data more rapidly, and (2) eliminating the handling, shipping,

Finger

1996-01-01

397

Sources of Road Aggregate in Great Britain.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The third edition (1960) of 'Sources of road aggregate in Great Britain' has become out-of-date owing to the closure of some of the sources, the opening of new sources and changes of ownership of existing sources. The publication is a joint production of ...

1968-01-01

398

Child road safety in the urban environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study makes use of an extensive database of child traffic casualties in the city of Salford (United Kingdom), which combines information from both police and hospital admission sources, to examine child road safety in the urban environment. The spatial distribution of casualties was investigated using both statistical and geographic information system (GIS) techniques. Associated factors relating to traffic, physical,

R. O Petch; R. R Henson

2000-01-01

399

Subjective Response to Road Traffic Noise.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study consisting of acoustic measurements at fourteen sites in the London area and 1200 interviews dealing with the effects of the noise conditions prevailing at each of these sites has been carried out with the object of developing acceptability criteria for traffic noise from roads in residential areas. Dissatisfaction with the noise…

Griffiths, I. D.; Langdon, F. J.

400

Reduction of Soil Erosion on Forest Roads  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results of onsite erosion control work from across the United States provide estimates of the amount of erosion reduction on forest roads from various treatments. Supplementary information includes the effects of slope gradient, soil characteristics, and ground cover. Estimates of sediment travel below fillslopes can be made, together with the combined effect of erosion control treatments of the running surface,

Burroughs Jr. Edward R; John G. King

1989-01-01

401

National road casualties and economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This paper explores why traffic fatalities increase with GDP per capita in lower income countries and decrease with GDP per capita in wealthy countries.Methods: Data from 41 countries for the period 1992-1996 were obtained on road transport crashes, injuries, and fatalities as well as numbers of vehicles, kilometers of roadway, oil consumption, population, and GDP. Fixed effects regression was

David Bishai; Asma Quresh; Prashant James; Abdul Ghaffar

2006-01-01

402

Interrelationship of Factors Affecting Road Capacity.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Military cargo trucks operate in convoys when pushing supplies forward on a road, not in a steady stream of trucks, but in groups of trucks separated by specified intervals, operating at speeds and leads determined partly by the characteristics of the roa...

L. P. Holliday

1968-01-01

403

"Roads Scholars": Faculty's Role in Student Recruitment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveyed perceptions of faculty involved in Murray State University's "Road Scholars" program, which takes faculty out of their traditional on-campus roles and partners them with high schools, community colleges, and vocational schools. Found overall support for the program, with differences by age in perceptions of the program's effectiveness and…

Todd, Timothy S.; Crofton, Judy

2001-01-01

404

Silverton Road Waste Site: Environmental information document  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Silverton Road Waste Site at the Savannah River Plant (SRP) was used for disposal of metal shavings, construction debris, tires, drums, tanks, possibly asbestos, and miscellaneous items. The startup date is unknown, no records of waste disposal activities have been kept, and the site was closed in 1974. Several soil borings were taken from the disposal area in 1983.

P. Corbo; S. C. Scott; T. H. Killian; N. L. Kolb; H. W. Bledsoe

1986-01-01

405

NASA's Deep-Space Telecommunications Road Map  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presentsthis road map, describes how it supports an increasing mission set while also providingsignificantly increased science data return, summarizes the current state ofkey Ka-band and optical communications technologies, and identifies critical pathitems in terms of technology developments, demonstrations, and mission users

L. Swanson; C. D. Edwards; C. T. Stelzried; L. J. Deutsch

406

Seatbelts and road traffic collision injuries  

PubMed Central

Modification of seatbelts and their legislation played an important role in reducing morbidity and mortality of occupants in road traffic collisions. We aimed to review seatbelt development, its mechanism of action and its effects. Seatbelts reduce injury by preventing the occupant from hitting the interior parts of the vehicle or being ejected from the car. We have made a linear regression correlation between the overall seatbelt compliance and road traffic death rates in 46 high income countries to study the relationship between seatbelt use and mortality. There was a very highly significant negative correlation between the seatbelt compliance and road traffic death rates (R = - 0.77, F = 65.5, p < 0.00001). Seatbelt-related injuries include spinal, abdominal or pelvic injuries. The presence of a seatbelt sign must raise the suspicion of an intra-abdominal injury. These injuries can be reduced if seatbelts were applied correctly. Although seatbelts were recognized as an important safety measure, it still remains underused in many countries. Enforcement of seatbelt usage by law is mandatory so as to reduce the toll of death of road traffic collisions.

2011-01-01

407

Medical Concerns among Wheelchair Road Racers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Results of a questionnaire administered to 43 wheelchair road racers suggest that their medical problems may lead to complications while training or racing. The study looked at the effects of training, injuries, bladder management, medications, and spasms. Sports medicine professionals are provided with information on handling disabled athletes.…

Martinez, Santos F.

1989-01-01

408

Road Design System (RDS) User's Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this Guide is to instruct the user in using the Road Design System (RDS). It lets the user know what programs are available. It also tells the user some things to watch out for when using the programs.

1984-01-01

409

Effect of road traffic on amphibian density  

Microsoft Academic Search

We studied the effect of traffic intensity on local abundance of anurans. We counted dead and live frogs and toads per km and estimated frog and toad local abundances using breeding chorus intensities on similar roads through similar habitats, but with different levels of traffic intensity. After correcting for effects of date, local habitat, time, and region, our analyses demonstrated

Lenore Fahrig; John H. Pedlar; Shealagh E. Pope; Philip D. Taylor; John F. Wegner

1995-01-01

410

First Results in Robot Road-Following  

Microsoft Academic Search

The new Carnegie Mellon Autonomous I and Vehicle group has produced the first demonstrations of road following robots. In this paper we first describe the robots that are part of the CMU Autonomous Land Vehicle project. We next describe the vision system of the CMU ALV. We then present the control algorithms, including a simple and stable control scheme for

Richard Wallace; Anthony Stentz; Charles E. Thorpe; Hans Maravec; William Whittaker; Takeo Kanade

1985-01-01

411

Road Vehicle Suspension System Design - a review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based mainly on English language literature, information relating to the design of automobile suspension systems for ride comfort and control of wheel load variations for frequencies below body structure resonances is reviewed. The information is interpreted in the context of vehicles which travel through a wide speed range on roads of markedly differing quality, which do so carrying different loads

R. S. SHARP; D. A. CROLLA

1987-01-01

412

Active Damping in Road Vehicle Suspension Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Low order, linearized dynamic models of road vehicle suspension systems are analyzed to provide insight into the benefits of suspensions incorporating generalized velocity feedback compared with conventional passive suspensions. Damping forces from passive dampers are supplemented by forces generated by an active element requiring a power supply. A simple criterion is developed which indicates whether or not the introduction of

DEAN KARNOPP

1983-01-01

413

Relative effectiveness of road dust suppressants  

SciTech Connect

The relative effectiveness of commercially available road dust suppressants in abating fugitive dust emission and loss of fines from unpaved road surfaces was assessed in a field-based research project. The dust suppressants studied, lignin derivatives and chloride based compounds, were used on unpaved road test sections during the severe dusty months of 1993 and 1994 in Colorado, which fell in the late spring to autumn period. To measure the relative effectiveness of the different dust suppressants, comparative fugitive dust emission studies were conducted on unpaved road test sections using the Colorado State University Dustometer, a dust-sampling device developed during this research. In addition, total aggregate loss from the surfaces of the test sections was measured. Based upon the prevailing costs, analyses were performed to determine the economics of using the different dust suppressants. The research indicated that all three dust suppressants studied reduced fugitive dust emission from the unpaved roadways by 50--70%. The treated test sections retained 42--61% more aggregate than the untreated control test section. The cost savings of retaining aggregate on the treated test sections more than offset the costs of the dust suppressants, resulting in an estimated cost savings of 28--42% over the untreated control test section.

Sanders, T.G.; Addo, J.Q.; Ariniello, A. [Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States); Heiden, W.F. [Larimer County Road and Bridge Dept., Fort Collins, CO (United States)

1997-10-01

414

Myth in Charles Kuralt's “On the Road  

Microsoft Academic Search

Charles Kuralt was perhaps the most beloved journalist of his day via his “On the Road” television reports for CBS News. This article qualitatively examines those reports in the context of Kuralt's speeches and other writings. It argues that his stories not only drew upon ancient myths such as those of the “Other World” and the “Good Mother” but also

Matthew C. Ehrlich

2002-01-01

415

A Road Map for Improving Geography Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In late 2012, both the second edition of the "Geography for Life: National Geography Standards" and the National Science Foundation-funded "Road Map for Geography Education Project" reports were released; the former document describes the conceptual goals for K-12 geography education, and the latter, a route to coordinating reform efforts to…

Wertheim, Jill A.; Edelson, Daniel C.; Hildebrant, Barbara; Hinde, Elizabeth; Kenney, Marianne; Kolvoord, Robert; Lanegran, David; Marcello, Jody Smothers; Morrill, Robert; Ruiz-Primo, Maria; Seixas, Peter; Shavelson, Richard

2013-01-01

416

Road safety in the Eastern Mediterranean Region--findings from the Global Road Safety Status Report.  

PubMed

A secondary data analysis using the Global Status Report on Road Safety (GSRRS) was carried out to assess the epidemiology of road traffic injuries (RTIs) and preventive strategies in the Eastern Mediterranean egion (EMR). EMR countries ranked equal first in the world for the highest number of fatalities due to RTIs (32.2 per 100 000 population). The region had about 4% of the world's vehicles with 0.097 registered vehicles per person. The number of injured cases in EMR was 210.1 per 100 000 population. Only 15% of EMR countries had a funded, independent, multisectoral body for road safety. Only 25% had mandatory seat-belt laws for both front-seat and rear-seat passengers, 60% had mandatory helmet laws for both drivers and passengers of motorized two-wheelers and 10% had child restraint laws. Road safety in EMR countries needs more attention and consideration. PMID:22256412

Soori, H; Hussain, S J; Razzak, J A

2011-10-01

417

ITS 'COMPARE' Strategic Deployment Plan for the Hampton Roads Region: COMPARE Hampton Roads.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The ITS strategic Deployment Plan for the Hampton Roads Program documents the development of a srategic plan for the COMPARE Project (Congestion Management, A Regional Effort.) The plan focuses on the strategic deployment and integration of advanced infor...

1995-01-01

418

40 CFR 51.371 - On-road testing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...testing. On-road testing is defined as testing of vehicles for conditions impacting...performance of in-use vehicles, by measuring on-road emissions through...confirmed high-emitting vehicles identified under the on-road testing...

2013-07-01

419

36 CFR 13.702 - Off-Road Vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Off-Road Vehicles. 13.702 Section 13.702 Parks...Bridge National Preserve § 13.702 Off-Road Vehicles. The use of off-road vehicles for purposes of reindeer grazing may be...

2013-07-01

420

The Reliability Work in Fuel Cell Vehicle's Road Test  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through demonstration running of fuel cell vehicle, choosing representative road conditions to carry on road tests, new characteristics of fuel cell vehicles' reliability work were studied. The purpose of fuel cell reliability work and the things need attention were summarized. The failure data and repair data in the road tests were collected. Failure classification and data processing method suit fuel

Xian Wu; Haibin Li

2006-01-01

421

36 CFR 261.15 - Use of vehicles off roads.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Use of vehicles off roads. 261.15 Section 261...Prohibitions § 261.15 Use of vehicles off roads. It is prohibited to operate...of State law established for vehicles used off roads. [42 FR 2957, Jan....

2013-07-01

422

Intelligent Vehicle Road Recognition based on the CMOS camera  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the problems of intelligent auxiliary driving and co-navigating have received more and more attention recent years, a road recognition system is developed for the intelligent vehicle with CMOS camera as its road sensor, which provides solutions for the road recognition and automatic drive functions of the intelligent vehicle. The installation and sampling process of the CMOS camera is explained.

Chu Liu; Jie Chen; Yifan Xu; Feng Luo

2008-01-01

423

5 CFR 930.107 - Waiver of road test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...MISCELLANEOUS) Motor Vehicle Operators § 930.107 Waiver of road test. Under...OPM waives the road test requirement for operators of vehicles of one ton load...agencies may waive the road test for incidental...operators of any class of vehicle, who possess a...

2013-01-01

424

Road Probing: RSU Assisted Data Collection in Vehicular Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the adoption of sensing technology, vehicles are able to gather information about driver's environment, like speed, temperature, moisture and road condition, etc. The state-of-the-art wireless technologies also provide vehicles with the ability of communicating to their neighboring vehicles on the road, as well as the static frameworks on the road side. Vehicular Sensor Network (VSN) is an emerging paradigm

Lin Yang; Jingdong Xu; Gongyi Wu; Jinhua Guo

2009-01-01

425

Controlling Road Rage: A Literature Review and Pilot Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report discusses results of a literature review and pilot study on how to prevent aggressive driving and road rage. The study Controlling Road Rage: A Literature Review and Pilot Study defines road rage as an incident in which an angry or impatient m...

D. B. Rathbone J. C. Huckabee

1999-01-01

426

6. VIEW OF COULTERVILLE ROAD AT BIG MEADOW IN FORESTA. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. VIEW OF COULTERVILLE ROAD AT BIG MEADOW IN FORESTA. INTERSECTION WITH DAVIS CUT-OFF ROAD AT LEFT. LOOKING W. GIS: N-37 42 09.3 / W-119 44 59.8 - Coulterville Road, Between Foresta & All-Weather Highway, Yosemite Village, Mariposa County, CA

427

7. ALIGNMENT OF ABANDONED COULTERVILLE ROAD IN FORESTA AT FALLEN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. ALIGNMENT OF ABANDONED COULTERVILLE ROAD IN FORESTA AT FALLEN TREE IN CENTER REAR. FOREGROUND MARKS TURN OF NEW ROAD FROM FORESTA TO HIGHWAY 120. LOOKING E. GIS: N-37 42 16.6 / W-119 44 00.3 - Coulterville Road, Between Foresta & All-Weather Highway, Yosemite Village, Mariposa County, CA

428

Soil indicators used in road environmental impact assessments  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study has been aimed at proposing a set of specific indicators for the impact assessment of road soils in contact with pavement layers made of industrial byproducts. Two French roads having undergone a 20-year service cycle, one located on a silty surrounding soil and the other on a sandy soil, is studied herein. The pollutant fluxes released by road

Agnès Jullien; Denis François

2006-01-01

429

Road Rage Experience and Behavior: Vehicle, Exposure, and Driver Factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Road rage has generated increasing public concern. Research has shown that victimization and perpetration of road rage is more common among males and younger drivers. We aimed to extend the understanding of determinants of road rage to driving exposure and vehicle factors, based on a 2002–2003 population survey of 1,631 regular drivers in Ontario, Canada. Regression analyses revealed that number

REGINALD G. SMART; GINA STODUTO; ROBERT E. MANN; EDWARD M. ADLAF

2004-01-01

430

Is road rage increasing? Results of a repeated survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Problem: We report on trends in road rage victimization and perpetration based on population survey data. Method: Based on repeated cross-sectional telephone surveys of Ontario adults between July 2001 and December 2003, logistic regression analyses examined differences between years in road rage victimization and perpetration in the previous year controlling for demographic characteristics. Results: The prevalence of any road rage

Reginald G. Smart; Robert E. Mann; Jinhui Zhao; Gina Stoduto

2005-01-01

431

Causes and effects of road traffic accidents in Saudi Arabia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Saudi Arabia the motor vehicle is the main means of transportation. Between 1971 and 1997; 564 762 people died or were injured in road traffic accidents, a figure equivalent to 3.5% of the total population in Saudi Arabia. During this period 66 914 people have died on the roads in Saudi Arabia due to road accidents, amounting to one

S Ansari; F Akhdar; M Mandoorah; K Moutaery

2000-01-01

432

7. VIEW OF WEAPONS DELIVERY ROAD CULVERT OF LOWER DIAGONAL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. VIEW OF WEAPONS DELIVERY ROAD CULVERT OF LOWER DIAGONAL NO. 1 DRAIN, LOOKING 522 EAST OF NORTH. - Truckee-Carson Irrigation District, Lower Diagonal No. 1 Drain, Bounded by West Gate Road & Weapons Delivery Road, Naval Air Station Fallon, Fallon, Churchill County, NV

433

Epic Erosion Along Newly Constructed Roads in Yunnan, China  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent expansion and construction of new mountain roads in northwestern Yunnan Province, China, poses problems related to landslides and surface erosion that are impacting the headwaters of three great river systems: the Salween, Mekong, and Yangtze. Many of these newer roads are simply blasted into unstable hillsides with virtually no attention paid to optimal road location, construction practices, and

R. C. Sidle; Y. Kono; T. Yamaguchi

2007-01-01

434

14. VIEW FROM TUNDRA CURVES (ON TRAIL RIDGE ROAD) SHOWING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

14. VIEW FROM TUNDRA CURVES (ON TRAIL RIDGE ROAD) SHOWING FALL RIVER ROAD RISING FROM BENEATH CHAPIN PASS (AT EXTREME RIGHT) TO FALL RIVER PASS (FAR LEFT). - Fall River Road, Between Estes Park & Fall River Pass, Estes Park, Larimer County, CO

435

Equity Effects of Congestion Pricing on Urban Road Resources Allocation  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a big obstacle to bring congestion pricing into effect for the lack of public confidence on equity impacts. This paper analyzes the equity effects of congestion pricing from its impacts on urban road resources allocation. It sets forth the characteristics of urban road resources and the meaning of equity in urban road resources allocation, and then makes researches

Zhicai JUAN; Qingyu LUO; Zhongning FU; Hongfei JIA

2008-01-01

436

12. DOUBLEDAY AVENUE NEAR MUMMASBURG ROAD. NOTE TRUNCATED OBSERVATION TOWER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

12. DOUBLEDAY AVENUE NEAR MUMMASBURG ROAD. NOTE TRUNCATED OBSERVATION TOWER AND ROAD SIGN VARIATIONS (CAST IRON PLACE NAME AT LEFT / AUTO TOUR SIGN AT RIGHT). ALSO NOTE CONCRETE BOLLARDS TO CONTROL PARKING. VIEW S. - Gettysburg National Military Park Tour Roads, Gettysburg, Adams County, PA

437

Interaction Between Digital Road Map Systems And Trinocular Autonomous Driving  

Microsoft Academic Search

In addition to vehicles that are guided automatically along roads of preselected types, a project is described that guides a road vehicle to execute a complete driving mission. To increase the robustness of the current implementation a-priori knowledge about the vehicle’s environment is extensively used. A digital road map can provide long range knowledge. The navigation system Travelpilot@, commercially offered

G. Struck; J. Geisler; F. Laubenstein; H.-H. Nagel; G. Siegle

1993-01-01

438

A qualitative assessment methodology for road safety policy strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a qualitative assessment methodology that is comprised of a cluster analysis and an autoregression analysis that assess the effects of various road safety strategies implemented in Hong Kong over the last 10 years. The cluster analysis is first used to group over a hundred road safety projects and programs into a smaller set of meaningful road safety

S. C Wong; B. S. Y Leung; Becky P. Y Loo; W. T Hung; Hong K Lo

2004-01-01

439

Evaluating Recovery of Hydrologic Function Following Road Restoration Treatments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Logging roads fundamentally alter landscape processes. Their effects on erosion, land stability, and vegetation patterns are clear; however, their effects on subsurface hydrologic flow patterns are less researched and not as well understood. We present field measurements and numerical modeling to assess the impacts of logging roads and road removal approaches on hydrologic processes on the Clearwater National Forest in

R. Lloyd; K. A. Lohse; T. A. Ferre

2010-01-01

440

Cooperative methods for road tracking in aerial imagery  

Microsoft Academic Search

A description is given of research in digital mapping and image understanding in the area of automated feature extraction from aerial imagery. The authors discuss a system for road tracking, ARF (A Road Follower), that uses multiple cooperative methods for extracting information about road location and structure from complex aerial imagery. This system is a multilevel architecture for image analysis

David M. McKeown; Jerry L. Denlinger

1988-01-01

441

View northeast from USFS Road 300; Fowler Lode Adit portal ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View northeast from USFS Road 300; Fowler Lode Adit portal on left (location of original "steamboat pocket" on slope to right, above the road cut) - Steamboat Mine, Southeast slope of Steamboat Mountain, west of the junction of Forest Service Roads 1000300 and 1000365, Jacksonville, Jackson County, OR

442

A robust method for road sign detection and recognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper a robust method for detecting and recognizing road signs by vision is presented. The detection step is based on a geometrical analysis of the edges extracted from monochromatic images and is able to identify triangular and circular road signs from images of city streets, country roads and highways. A simple recognition system, which validates and classifies the

Giulia Piccioli; Enrico De Micheli; Marco Campani

1994-01-01

443

Optimization-based Method for Automated Road Network Extraction  

SciTech Connect

Automated road information extraction has significant applicability in transportation. It provides a means for creating, maintaining, and updating transportation network databases that are needed for purposes ranging from traffic management to automated vehicle navigation and guidance. This paper is to review literature on the subject of road extraction and to describe a study of an optimization-based method for automated road network extraction.

Xiong, D

2001-09-18

444

Automatic road extraction based on cross detection in suburb  

Microsoft Academic Search

Importance for acquiring geographic map data and updating existing data is increasing. The automation of road extraction from aerial imagery has received attention. In the past, many approaches have been considered, however the existing automatic road extraction methods still need too much post editing. In this paper, we propose the method of automatic road extraction from high-resolution color aerial images

Go Koutaki; Keiichi Uchimura

2003-01-01

445

Automatic road extraction based on cross detection in suburb  

Microsoft Academic Search

Importance for acquiring geographic map data and updating existing data is increasing. The automation of road extraction from aerial imagery has received attention. In the past, many approaches have been considered, however the existing automatic road extraction methods still need too much post editing. In this paper, we propose the method of automatic road extraction from high resolution color aerial

Go Koutaki; Keiichi Uchimura

2004-01-01

446

The association of road safety knowledge and risk behaviour with paediatric road traffic injury in Guangzhou, China  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundThis study describes road traffic injuries among school-aged children in Guangzhou, China, and examines the effect of road safety knowledge and risk behaviours on road traffic injuries.MethodsA stratified cluster sample of 3747 children from six primary schools and six middle schools in Guangzhou, China, was surveyed. Data were collected on sociodemographic factors and road traffic injuries during the past year.

Xiaomei Dong; Corinne Peek-Asa; Jingzhen Yang; Shengyong Wang; Xiongfei Chen; Guibo Chi; Marizen Ramirez

2010-01-01

447

Condition-Triggered Maintenance for Mine Haul Roads with Reconstructed-Vehicle Response to Haul Road Defects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The management of unpaved mine road networks—characterized by high axle loadings, low traffic volumes, variable materials and construction quality, and rapid rates of deterioration—is often inadequate. This situation results in either overmaintenance of the road or failure to recognize significant deterioration, which both lead to the application of suboptimal road maintenance strategies with the attendant increase in total road-user costs.

Daniel Hugo; Stephan P Heyns; Roger J Thompson; Alex T Visser

2007-01-01

448

Experimental analysis of the structure-borne tyre/road noise due to road discontinuities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tyre/road noise has become the major source of traffic noise in urban regions. Although tyre/road noise has been studied for decades, little can be found in the literature about the noise resulting from crossing road discontinuities such as expansion joints, railway crossings, and potholes. Both vehicle interior and exterior noise can reach significant peak levels as a result of crossing such a pavement discontinuity. This paper presents an experimental analysis of the generating phenomena of structure borne tyre/road noise due to a road discontinuity. Both exterior and interior tyre/road noise are considered. The influence of driving speed, cleat dimension, inflation pressure, tyre temperature and preload onto the noise generating phenomena is investigated. A novel test setup was designed and built at the K.U. Leuven Noise and Vibration Engineering Laboratory in order to measure the structural and acoustic response of a tyre rolling over a cleat. The vehicle interior noise is analysed by means of a test circuit cleat test.

Kindt, P.; Berckmans, D.; de Coninck, F.; Sas, P.; Desmet, W.

2009-11-01

449

A suite of tools for monitoring and assessing impacts of road networks and off-road vehicle activity on rangelands  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Despite increasing amounts of transportation related activities on rangelands globally, few tools exist for assessing and monitoring impacts of roads, road networks and off-road vehicle traffic. This is in part due to an historical emphasis on grazing issues in rangelands and the complexity of monit...

450

Evaluating Recovery of Hydrologic Function Following Road Restoration Treatments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Logging roads fundamentally alter landscape processes. Their effects on erosion, land stability, and vegetation patterns are clear; however, their effects on subsurface hydrologic flow patterns are less researched and not as well understood. We present field measurements and numerical modeling to assess the impacts of logging roads and road removal approaches on hydrologic processes on the Clearwater National Forest in northern Idaho. The active road removal program and the high densities of legacy roads make the Clearwater an ideal location for this study. During the last 10 years, the Clearwater National Forest in partnership with the Nez Perce Tribe, removed over 950 km of roads. Specifically, we measured the saturated hydraulic conductivity over recontoured road treatments that range from 1 to 10 years in age. We also examined roads that have been abandoned roads for periods of 10 to 30 years and allowed to re-vegetate without active restoration treatment. We compare these results with the hydraulic conductivities of never-roaded areas. As expected, the hydraulic conductivity varied spatially for each road condition. But, the conductivity of recontoured roads was more than two times higher than that of abandoned roads. Conductivities also varied with vegetation, with higher rates associated with greater shrub and tree vegetation compared to grasses and forbs. The lowest values were found in areas with the highest percentages of non-native forbs. The observed variations in hydraulic conductivity were incorporated in a two-dimensional variably saturated flow model to assess the impacts of roads on subsurface flow paths. The results suggest even after 30 years of successful forest revegetation, roads left intact on the hillside may exert strong controls on the hydrologic function of hillsides and watersheds.

Lloyd, R.; Lohse, K. A.; Ferre, T. A.

2010-12-01

451

Howdershell, Shackelford, and Charbonier Roads, St. Louis County, Project T-4189(35), County Project No. 32, Missouri.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The project proposes to improve the intersection of Howdershell Road, Charbonier Road and Shackelford Road. The purpose is to facilitate the safe and efficient movement of traffic by eliminating the offset between Howdershell Road and Shackelford Road at ...

1973-01-01

452

Coal haul roads study. Final report Jul 78-Feb 80  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to provide an estimate of the extent of improvements needed on the Nation's coal haul roads. Roads used for coal hauling are first identified and classified according to volume and duration of coal traffic, Federal-aid designation, and functional classification. Road mileage in each of these categories is shown in Chapter II. Chapter III shows existing and forecast deficiencies on each part of the coal road system and provides estimates of the cost of improving each component of the system to full improvement standards. Chapter IV introduces a reduced cost alternative where roads in need of repair are resurfaced or reconstructed on existing alignments.

Covil, J.L.; Ingold, D.P.

1980-04-01

453

TA-59 North Parking Lot and Pajarito Road Corridor Analysis  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to provide traffic engineering services for the TA-59 North Parking Lot/Pajarito Road corridor Analysis at Los Alamos National Laboratory. The following tasks were accomplished to assess the development of the north parking lot and Pajarito Road in the vicinity of TA-59: conducted turning-movement counts from 7 AM to 9 AM and from 4 PM to 6 PM at the Pajarito Road/TA-59 intersection; conducted a parking supply and demand survey for all the parking lots within TA-59 on half-hour intervals between 0600--1800 (6 AM to 6 PM); conducted mid-day directional speed study along Pajarito Road, just east or south of the TA-59/Pajarito Road intersection; conducted peak hour gap study on Pajarito Road in the vicinity of TA-59; reviewed the TA-59 Parking Lot North of Pajarito Road, FY-94 Weapons GPP Short List Candidate {number_sign}9 report and other documents pertaining to past transportation studies; reassigned current turning-movement volumes with a 100 space parking lot being built on the north side of Pajarito Road; prepared traffic projections for the Pajarito Road/TA-59 intersection according to the proposed development on the north side of Pajarito Road that would employee 246 people; and assigned pedestrian crossing volumes between the northern lot/future development site and areas south of Pajarito Road.

Not Available

1993-12-01

454

New roads and human health: a systematic review.  

PubMed

We sought to synthesize evidence of the health effects of construction of new roads by systematically reviewing observational studies of such effects. We included and critically appraised 32 studies. The review suggested that out-of-town bypasses decrease injuries on main roads through or around towns, although more robust evidence is needed on effects on secondary roads. New major urban roads have statistically insignificant effects on injury incidence. New major roads between towns decrease injuries. Out-of-town bypasses reduce disturbance and community severance in towns but increase them elsewhere. Major urban roads increase disturbance and severance. More robust research is needed in this area, particularly regarding effects of new roads on respiratory health, mental health, access to health services, and physical activity. PMID:12948964

Egan, Matt; Petticrew, Mark; Ogilvie, David; Hamilton, Val

2003-09-01

455

Modeling of Forest Roads Impact on Shallow Landslides Triggering  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Forest roads can influence the hydrologic response and shallow landslides susceptibility of upland catchments. The presence of compacted or paved roads increases overland flow because infiltration is reduced, and the natural flow pathways are modified due to interception by road cutslopes, that convey upslope runoff, this including both surface and part of subsurface flows. Roadways, and especially roadside ditches, route road-generated runoff to the stream network. This occurs at river crossing culverts or through gullies that can be incised below road drainage facilities that are not directly stream connected, depending on the characteristics of the receiving areas. This can lead to significant changes of the natural stream network and of storm hydrographs in small catchments. The capture and redirection of road-generated water fluxes involve also geomorphic effects as the formation of gullies, the migration of channel, the triggering of shallow landslide and debris-flows. To understand the impact of forest roads on hydrologic response and then on shallow landslides triggering one needs to represent the geometric and topologic interconnectivity between forest roads, road drainage systems, watershed topography and stream network. This allows for the detection of each road segment sub basin, the computation of the relative contributing area, and the extraction of a drainage network that takes into account the presence of the road network. This approach is developed here to represent the distributed hydrologic fluxes and the resulting catchment response for an experimental basin where a number of roads built in the fifties are monitored and where, on February, 1996, many shallow landslides occurred. Hydrologic simulations show that one requires a detailed description of catchment topography to capture the effect of forest roads on water flows. Coupling the hydrological model with the geomechanic ones it is shown how the presence of forest roads can enhance shallow landslides susceptibility. The study area is the H.J.Andrews Experimental Forest Watershed 3 (WS3), located in the Lookout Creek basin, Western Oregon Cascades.

Rulli, M.; Moreni, S.; Vigano', M.; Rosso, R.

2006-12-01

456

The "homogamy" of road rage revisited.  

PubMed

The principle of homogamy, the tendency for victims and offenders to share behavioral and demographic characteristics, has been applied to various forms of violent crime. This article explores how this principle relates to types of "road rage" using a survey of 1208 Australian drivers. Two-thirds of drivers who perpetrated violent forms of road rage also reported being victims of the same crime, providing support for the homogamy thesis. Perpetrators were predominantly young males with low socioeconomic status who lacked the ability to control their temper. Perpetrator-victims were more likely than other victims to have a history of driving violations and higher levels of general aggression and report more frequent aggressive driving behaviors. The implications for theories of violence are discussed. PMID:19069566

Roberts, Lynne D; Indermaur, David W

2008-01-01

457

Vapor absorption refrigeration in road transport vehicles  

SciTech Connect

This study includes an experimental investigation into the use of vapor absorption refrigeration (VAR) systems in road transport vehicles using the waste heat in the exhaust gases of the main propulsion unit as the energy source. This would provide an alternative to the conventional vapor compression refrigeration system and its associated internal combustion engine. The performance of a VAR system fired by natural gas is compared with that of the same system driven by engine exhaust gases. This showed that the exhaust-gas-driven system produced the same performance characteristics as the gas-fired system. It also suggested that, with careful design, inserting the VAR system generator into the main engine exhaust system need not impair the performance of the vehicle propulsion unit. A comparison of the capital and running costs of the conventional and proposed alternative system is made. Suggestions are also made regarding operation of the VAR system during off-road/slow running conditions.

Horuz, I. [Univ. of Uludag, Bursa (Turkey). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

1999-08-01

458

Movie Trailer: 'Road to the Red Planet'  

NASA Video Gallery

NASA and the European Space Agency have announced three new joint science missions to Mars, including one that will return to Earth with a sample taken from the Martian surface. "Road to the Red Planet" notes these missions in movie-trailer parody produced by NASA Television for a themed exhibit at an international conference. To learn more about the NASA/ESA Mars missions, visit www.nasa.gov/mars

Jim Wilson

2010-10-04

459

On-Road Vehicle Detection: A Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developing on-board automotive driver assistance systems aiming to alert drivers about driving environments, and possible collision with other vehicles has attracted a lot of attention lately. In these systems, robust and reliable vehicle detection is a critical step. This paper presents a review of recent vision-based on-road vehicle detection systems. Our focus is on systems where the camera is mounted

Zehang Sun; George Bebis; Ronald Miller

2006-01-01

460

Surgery Code Conversions, ROADS to FORDS  

Cancer.gov

ROADS codes 20-30 convert 10 Copy SEER interpretation of some codes results in a different FORDS code than COC conversion to FORDS 20 20 Copy 21 40 22 40 23 40 30 20 31 55 32 55 40 Copy 41 40 42 40 43 40 50 55 60 55 90 Copy 99 Copy Spleen C42.2 Review codes 30-32 and 50-52 (if any) for correctness of original surgery code.

461

The Silk Road in World History  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Silk Road was the current name for a complex of ancient trade routes linking East Asia with Central Asia, South Asia, and the Mediterranean world. This network of exchange emerged along the borders between agricultural China and the steppe nomads during the Han Dynasty (206BCE-220CE), in consequence of the inter-dependence and the conflicts of these two distinctive societies. In

Xinru Liu

462

A road map for implementing systems engineering  

SciTech Connect

Studies by academia, industry, and government indicate that applying a sound systems engineering process to development programs is an important tool for preventing cost and schedule overruns and performance deficiencies. There is an enormous body of systems engineering knowledge. Where does one start? How can the principles of systems engineering be applied in the Sandia environment? This road map is intended to be an aid to answering these questions.

Dean, F.F. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). New Mexico Weapons Systems Engineering Center; Bentz, B.; Bahill, A.T. [Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States)

1997-02-01

463

Seatbelts and road traffic collision injuries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modification of seatbelts and their legislation played an important role in reducing morbidity and mortality of occupants\\u000a in road traffic collisions. We aimed to review seatbelt development, its mechanism of action and its effects. Seatbelts reduce\\u000a injury by preventing the occupant from hitting the interior parts of the vehicle or being ejected from the car. We have made\\u000a a linear

Alaa K Abbas; Ashraf F Hefny; Fikri M Abu-Zidan

2011-01-01

464

Occupational exposure to bitumen during road paving.  

PubMed

The exposure of road pavers to total particulates, bitumen fumes, semivolatile organic compounds (SVOCs), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), low-molecular-weight amines, styrene, and 1,3-butadiene was studied at 13 paving sites where 11 different asphalt mixtures were laid. Researchers analyzed 1-hydroxypyrene in the workers' pre- and postshift urine samples. The arithmetic mean concentrations of total particulates, bitumen fumes, SVOCs, and PAHs in the breathing zone of road pavers were 0.6 mg/m3, 0.29 mg/m3, 5.6 mg/m3, and 5.03 microg/m3, respectively. The highest bitumen fume concentrations (2.65 mg/m3) were measured in manual mastic laying, that is, when the paving temperature was highest. More than 90% of air impurities measured were in the vapor phase. Workers laying surface dressing were exposed to the highest SVOC concentrations (27.8 mg/m3). The paving temperature and the concentrations of bitumen fume correlated positively, but the weather conditions significantly affected the workers' exposure; for example, increased wind velocity resulted in lower concentrations of SVOCs and PAHs. Job title was not found to be a significant determinant of exposure, but exposure to bitumen fume and greater than or equal to four-ring PAHs among manual mastic pavers, and that to SVOCs and total PAHs among surface dressing workers, were significantly higher than among other pavers. Exposure during road paving operations was, on average, more than 10-fold higher to PAHs than was the exposure of a traffic controller (0.34 microg/m3) caused by automobile exhausts from background traffic. The PAHs were comprised mainly of two- and three-ring compounds. The concentrations of amines, and impurities from polymer modified bitumens, styrene, and 1,3-butadiene were below detection limits. Urinary 1-hydroxypyrene concentrations were higher among road pavers than among office workers serving as referents. PMID:11975651

Heikkilä, Pirjo; Riala, Riitta; Hämeilä, Mervi; Nykyri, Erkki; Pfäffli, Pirkko

465

Low-Volume Road Abutment Design Standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although several superstructure design methodologies have been developed for low-volume road bridges by the Iowa State University Bridge Engineering Center, no standard abutment designs had been developed. Thus, there was need for an easy-to-use design methodology, generic abutment construction drawings, and other design aids for the more common substructure systems used in Iowa. A survey of the Iowa county engineers

V. W. Robbins; F. Wayne Klaiber; David J. White; Brent M. Phares; Terry J. Wipf

2005-01-01

466

Road traffic injuries in Rawalpindi city, Pakistan.  

PubMed

Data on road traffic accident (RTA) injuries and their outcome are scarce in Pakistan. This study assessed patterns of RTA injuries reported in Rawalpindi city using standard surveillance methods. All RTA injury patients presenting to emergency departments of 3 tertiary care facilities from July 2007 to June 2008 were included. RTA injuries (n = 19 828) accounted for 31.7% of all injuries. Among children aged 0-14 years females suffered twice as many RTA injuries as males (21.3% versus 11.4%), whereas this trend reversed for the age group 15-24 years (41.9% versus 21.7%). One-fifth of injuries were either fractures or concussion. Severity and outcome of injuries were worse for the age group 45 years and older. For every road traffic death in Rawalpindi city, 29 more people were hospitalized and 177 more received emergency department care. These results suggest the need for better RTA injury surveillance to identify preventive and control measures for the increasingly high road disease burden in this city. PMID:22259914

Farooq, U; Bhatti, J A; Siddiq, M; Majeed, M; Malik, N; Razzak, J A; Khan, M M

2011-09-01

467

Structural reliability of road accidents reconstruction.  

PubMed

Reconstruction of road accidents combines objective and subjective action. The former concerns science, the latter assessment of human behavior in the context of objective findings. It is not uncommon for experts equipped with an arsenal of tools to obtain similar results of calculations, but to present radically different conclusions about the cause of the accident. The use of sophisticated methods of uncertainty analysis does not guarantee improvement in quality of reconstruction, because, increasingly, the most serious source of reduced reliability of reconstruction is problems in logical inference. In the article the structure of uncertainty and reliability of accident reconstruction was described. A definition of reliability of road accident reconstruction based on the theory of conditional probability and Bayesian network, as a function of modeling, data and expert reliability (defined in the text) was proposed. The uncertainty of reconstruction was made dependent only on the uncertainty of the data. This separation makes it possible to conduct a qualitative and quantitative analysis of reconstruction reliability and to analyze its sensitivity to component parameters, independently of the uncertainty analysis. An example of calculation was presented. The proposed formalism constitutes a tool helpful to explain, among other things, the paradox of reliable reconstruction despite its uncertain results or unreliable reconstruction despite high precision of results. This approach is of great importance in the reconstruction of road accidents, which goes far beyond the analysis of a single, homogeneous subsystem. PMID:23597744

Wach, Wojciech

2013-03-18

468

Improving Drive Files for Vehicle Road Simulations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Shaker tables are commonly used in laboratories for automotive vehicle component testing to study durability and acoustics performance. An example is development testing of car seats. However, it is difficult to repeat the measured road data perfectly with the response of a shaker table as there are basic differences in dynamic characteristics between a flexible vehicle and substantially rigid shaker table. In addition, there are performance limits in the shaker table drive systems that can limit correlation. In practice, an optimal drive signal for the actuators is created iteratively. During each iteration, the error between the road data and the response data is minimised by an optimising algorithm which is generally a part of the feed back loop of the shake table controller. This study presents a systematic investigation to the errors in time and frequency domains as well as joint time-frequency domain and an evaluation of different digital signal processing techniques that have been used in previous work. In addition, we present an innovative approach that integrates the dynamic characteristics of car seats and the human body into the error-minimising iteration process. We found that the iteration process can be shortened and the error reduced by using a weighting function created by normalising the frequency response function of the car seat. Two road data test sets were used in the study.

Cherng, John G.; Goktan, Ali; French, Mark; Gu, Yi; Jacob, Anil

2001-09-01

469

Basic Characteristics of Road Traffic Deaths in China  

PubMed Central

Background This study is to report characteristics of people killed in road traffic crashes and to describe major patterns of traffic crashes in China. Methods: Descriptive and inferential statistical analyses were conducted. Road traffic death national data, population denominator data and motor vehicles data of 2009 were obtained from the Bureau of Traffic Management at Ministry of Public Security and National Bureau of Statistics. The association between the fatalities from road traffic crashes and selected demographic factors, the time distribution, crash patterns, crash causes, and road user category were assessed in ?2 analyses. Results: Road traffic crashes in China disproportionably affected the following populations: males, persons 21–65 yr of age and adults aged more than 65 yr, persons living in rural areas, pedestrians, passengers, motorcyclists and bicyclists. Approximately 50% of fatalities of road traffic crash occurred in Eastern regions. The number of road traffic deaths was higher in daytime than in nighttime. Road traffic deaths in frontal crashes, side-to-side crash and crashes with an object or a person were more common than in rear-end crashes. In about 92% of road traffic deaths, auto drivers were believed to be responsible for the fatal crash. Major crash causing factors were speeding, careless driving, driving without a license, driving in the wrong lane, and driving after drinking alcohol. Conclusions: Road traffic deaths accounted for about 70,000 premature deaths in China which should be taken into account.

ZHANG, Xujun; YAO, Hongyan; HU, Guoqing; CUI, Mengjing; GU, Yue; XIANG, Huiyun

2013-01-01

470

Automated Road Extraction from High Resolution Multispectral Imagery  

SciTech Connect

Road networks represent a vital component of geospatial data sets in high demand, and thus contribute significantly to extraction labor costs. Multispectral imagery has only recently become widely available at high spatial resolutions, and modeling spectral content has received limited consideration for road extraction algorithms. This paper presents a methodology that exploits spectral content for fully automated road centerline extraction. Preliminary detection of road centerline pixel candidates is performed with Anti-parallel-edge Centerline Extraction (ACE). This is followed by constructing a road vector topology with a fuzzy grouping model that links nodes from a self-organized mapping of the ACE pixels. Following topology construction, a self-supervised road classification (SSRC) feedback loop is implemented to automate the process of training sample selection and refinement for a road class, as well deriving practical spectral definitions for non-road classes. SSRC demonstrates a potential to provide dramatic improvement in road extraction results by exploiting spectral content. Road centerline extraction results are presented for three 1m color-infrared suburban scenes, which show significant improvement following SSRC.

Doucette, Peter J.; Agouris, Peggy; Stefanidis, Anthony

2004-12-01

471

Engineering and Technology Road-map  

SciTech Connect

Throughout its existence, the Environmental Management (EM) program has required a strong technology component to accomplish its mission, one that is focused on developing technologies to enhance safety, effectiveness, and efficiency. Although the Department of Energy (DOE) has made great progress toward safely disposing of the legacies of the Cold War, much remains to be done. These past accomplishments provide a guide for future success; however, the unique nature of many of the remaining challenges will require a strong and responsive applied research and engineering program. The Engineering and Technology Road-map was developed to address this need and guide the EM Engineering and Technology Program. The Road-map identifies the technical risks and uncertainties that the EM program faces over the next ten years; the strategies EM will use to reduce those risks; and the planned outcomes of implementing those strategies. Input for this Road-map was provided by EM Federal Project Directors, Stakeholders, Site Contractors, National Laboratories and the National Academy of Science. To accomplish this work, EM has designated federal Strategic Initiative Managers who will work with Federal Project Directors to develop, refine and implement a detailed scope and schedule for each initiative, as well as identify the point at which the technologies developed will be inserted into EM cleanup projects. The starting point for the Road-map was technical project risk and uncertainty. Risks are defined as known technical issues that could prevent project success. Uncertainties are indefinite or unpredictable technical aspects of a project. Risks included in the Road-map were identified in three ways: 1) By the Projects - EM's operations are performed within a culture of disciplined project management, based on DOE Order 413.3A, Program and Project Management for the Acquisition of Capital Assets. As such, technical risks and uncertainties affecting each cleanup project are identified early in the project life cycle, are captured in project risk assessments, and often lead to applied technology development activities. 2) By reviews and assessments - EM utilizes experts to review the progress of its major cleanup projects and to assess the maturity of evolving technologies. These reviews include External Technical Reviews and Technology Readiness Assessments. They transcend the project's baseline and often identify opportunities for reducing technical risk through development and deployment of innovative or enhanced technologies. 3) By the sites - EM periodically asks EM sites to identify technical risks and uncertainties in the form of technical needs. The Road-map divides EM risks into six program areas: Waste Processing, Groundwater and Soil Remediation, Deactivation and Decommissioning (D and D) and Facility Engineering, Spent Nuclear Fuel, Challenging Materials, and Integration. Tables 1-6 show those risks and uncertainties, as well as the 13 strategic initiatives established to address those risks. In conclusion, the Engineering and Technology Road-map presents an integrated approach to reducing the technical risks and uncertainties facing the EM program in a manner consistent with its disciplined approach to project management. The risks include challenges in waste processing, groundwater and soil remediation, deactivation and decommissioning, spent nuclear fuel, challenging materials, and integration. The EM Engineering and Technology Program will address these risks, and will use applied research and engineering to improve technologies and processes at sites across the country. (authors)

Schneider, St.P. [Mark Gilbertson, Office of Engineering and Technology, Office of Environmental Management, U.S. Department of Energy (United States)

2008-07-01

472

ANALYSIS OF GROUP MAINTENANCE STRATEGY -ROAD PAVEMENT AND SEWERAGE PIPES-  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recently, it is critical to manage deteriorating sewerage and road facilities efficiently and strategically. Since the sewerage pipes are mostly installed under road pavement, the works for the replacement of the sewerage pipes are partially common to the works for the road. This means that the replacement cost can be saved by coordinating the timing of the replacements by sewerage pipe and road pavement. The purpose of the study is to develop the model based on Markov decision process to derive the optimal group maintenance policy so as to minimize lifecycle cost. Then the model is applied to case study area and demonstrated to estimate the lifecycle cost using statistical data such as pipe replacement cost, road pavement rehabilitation cost, and state of deterioration of pipes and road pavement.

Tanimoto, Keishi; Sugimoto, Yasuaki; Miyamoto, Shinya; Nada, Hideki; Hosoi, Yoshihiko

473

Road landslide information management and forecasting system base on GIS.  

PubMed

Take account of the characters of road geological hazard and its supervision, it is very important to develop the Road Landslides Information Management and Forecasting System based on Geographic Information System (GIS). The paper presents the system objective, function, component modules and key techniques in the procedure of system development. The system, based on the spatial information and attribute information of road geological hazard, was developed and applied in Guizhou, a province of China where there are numerous and typical landslides. The manager of communication, using the system, can visually inquire all road landslides information based on regional road network or on the monitoring network of individual landslide. Furthermore, the system, integrated with mathematical prediction models and the GIS's strongpoint on spatial analyzing, can assess and predict landslide developing procedure according to the field monitoring data. Thus, it can efficiently assists the road construction or management units in making decision to control the landslides and to reduce human vulnerability. PMID:18704728

Wang, Wei Dong; Du, Xiang Gang; Xie, Cui Ming

2008-08-14

474

[Road accidents morbidity and mortality in district of Vrancea].  

PubMed

Nowadays, road accidents represent an important cause of morbidity and mortality. The present paper is a descriptive study of the most important factors involved in road accidents appearance from the district of Vrancea, in year 2001 and assesses the gravity of premature deaths using potential years of lost life (PYLL). In this district, the level of PYLL due to road accidents in male is significant higher in comparison with female (964 and respectively 408), these data being in concordance with PYLL of the entire country. The most frequent causes involved in road accidents are related to human factor and less to vehicle or road conditions. This category of trauma and deaths may be entirely prevented through educational, law, control or technical measures and using descriptive epidemiological data regarding road traffic. PMID:14974230

Duma, Odetta

475

Analysis and applications of measurements of source dominated hydrocarbon concentrations from the PUMA campaigns in June/July 1999 and January/February 2000 at an urban background site in Birmingham, UK  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Approximately, hourly C 2-C 7 hydrocarbon concentrations from gas chromatographic measurements are reported for an urban background site in Birmingham, UK, from summer 1999 and winter 1999-2000. Comparison with another measurement site suggests that the observed behaviour is typical of the urban background in the whole conurbation. The lack of any correlation between seasonal variation and OH rate coefficient shows that hydrocarbon concentrations are dominated by local sources. Chemical mass balance techniques have been applied and indicate the main sources are vehicle emissions (exhaust and fugitive) and natural gas leakage. Winter concentrations of isoprene correlate well with butadiene concentrations suggesting an automotive related source. This correlation disappears during the summer when isoprene displays a high correlation with radiation. During a period of the summer campaign ethane and propane concentrations displayed a regular diurnal behaviour, which has been utilized to estimate the ratios of the day/night boundary layer height and natural gas emission rates for the West Midlands conurbation.

Hopkins, J. R.; Lewis, A. C.; Seakins, P. W.

476

Cooperative communications between vehicles and intelligent road signs  

Microsoft Academic Search

CAPTIV is a research program proposing new low-cost and energy-efficient mobile communications solutions to ease and make safer road traffic conditions. Considering ¿intelligent¿ road signs and vehicles, i.e. equipped with an autonomous radio communication system, drivers will be able to receive at any time various information about traffic fluidity or road sign identification. In order to reduce deployment cost and

O. Berder; P. Quemerais; O. Sentieys; J. Astier; T. D. Nguyen; J. Menard; G. Le Mestre; Y. Le Roux; Y. Kokar; G. Zaharia; R. Benzerga; X. Castel; M. Himdi; G. El Zein; S. Jegou; P. Cosquer; M. Bernard

2008-01-01

477

Road traffic accidents and policy interventions in Korea.  

PubMed

The high rate of road traffic crashes, in conjunction with the absence of order on the road, has long been considered a critical social problem in Korea. The Korean public seems to agree that high priority ought to be placed on policies for improving road safety. Using data from government sources, this study describes what has happened in the area of road traffic crashes since 1970, the causes of traffic crashes, and the relative importance of traffic injuries as a cause of death in Korea. Road traffic crashes in Korea increased nearly eight-fold, from 37,000 in 1970 to 290,481 in 2000. The fatalities increased three-fold and injuries ten-fold over the same period. Road traffic injuries were the leading cause of death for people under 29. However, through multiple policy interventions, partly in response to the 2002 FIFA World Cup, about two thousand road traffic deaths and nine thousand traffic-related disabilities were averted in 2001 alone. The policy interventions included enforcement of penalties for seven risky driving behaviours, including drunk driving and speeding, installation of traffic-monitoring cameras, financial rewards for citizens who reported traffic violations, introduction of a road safety evaluation system, correction of accident black spots in existing roads, and road safety education programs. Through multiple policy interventions, road traffic crashes in Korea were reduced in a relatively short time period, along with their associated injuries and fatalities. However, road traffic crashes still pose a major public health problem, threatening the quality of life of the Korean people. PMID:12772491

Yang, Bong-Min; Kim, Jinhyun

478

Differences in gender and performance in off-road triathlon  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aims of this study were: (1) to examine performance trends and compare elite male and female athletes at the off-road triathlon (1.5-km swim, 30-km mountain biking, and 11-km trail running) world championships since its inception in 1996, and (2) to compare gender-related differences between off-road triathlon and conventional road-based triathlon. Linear regression analyses and ANOVA were used to examine

Romuald Lepers; Paul J. Stapley

2010-01-01

479

Probabilistic assessment of road vehicle safety in windy environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several wind- and weather-related accidents of road vehicles occur every year, especially at exposed locations where topographical features magnify the wind effects. The most notable ones involve high-sided vehicles. The objective of this paper is to investigate parameters influencing wind-related accidents of road vehicles. A general probabilistic model, based on reliability approach, is outlined and applied for assessment of road

J. Th. Snæbjörnsson; C. J. Baker; R. Sigbjörnsson

2007-01-01

480

Regional road development, rural and urban poverty: Evidence from China  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study estimates the impact of road investments on overall economic growth, rural and urban growth, and rural and urban poverty reduction. To achieve these goals, an econometric model that captures the different channels through which road investment impacts growth and poverty is developed and estimated using provincial-level data for 1982–1999 in China. Low-grade (mostly rural) roads have benefit\\/cost ratios

Shenggen Fan; Connie Chan-Kang

2008-01-01

481

The force control system design of road simulator using QFT  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the force control system design of road simulator for reproducing the random input signal to implement the real road vibration's data. The force control system using quantitative feedback theory controls the road simulator effectively. The force control system illustrates a tracking performance of the closed-loop controller with low order transfer function G(s) and pre-filter F(s) having the

Jin-Wan Kim; Dong-Ji Xuan; Joung-Ill Zang; Yang-Hai Nan; Young-Bae Kim

2007-01-01

482

Fractal Pattern in Spatial Structure of Urban Road Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we investigate the fractal pattern in spatial structure of urban road networks. By introducing sub-domain, an improved box-counting algorithm is proposed to obtain the fractal pattern. Numerical experiments explore the realistic urban road network at Dalian city in China. In order to clearly show the performance of our proposed box-counting algorithm, two other measures for urban road networks, i.e., density pattern and accessibility pattern are introduced, compared and discussed.

Sun, Zhuo; Zheng, Jianfeng; Hu, Hongtao

2012-12-01

483

Hierarchy Decomposition for Faster User Equilibria on Road Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The road traffic of an entire day for a certain region can be understood as a flow with sources and sinks on the road network.\\u000a Traffic has the tendency to evade regularly clogged roads and other bottlenecks, especially with modern on-board navigation\\u000a devices that are able to interpret traffic information. Assuming perfect knowledge for all drivers, one might suspect traffic

Dennis Luxen; Peter Sanders

2011-01-01

484

Grizzly bear use of open, closed, and restricted forestry roads  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: We investigated grizzly bear (Ursus arctos) selection of three road types in the northern United States and southern British Columbia,from 1986 to 1991. We hypothesized,that grizzly bears select against open,(public use allowed), restricted (forestry use only), and closed roads (no public use allowed) in that order. We analyzed use of roads for 11 bears (five females and six males)

Robert B. Wielgus; Pierre R. Vernier; Tina Schivatcheva

2002-01-01

485

Urban road networks – spatial networks with universal geometric features?  

Microsoft Academic Search

.  \\u000a Urban road networks have distinct geometric properties that are partially determined by their (quasi-) two-dimensional structure.\\u000a In this work, we study these properties for 20 of the largest German cities. We find that the small-scale geometry of all\\u000a examined road networks is extremely similar. The object-size distributions of road segments and the resulting cellular structures\\u000a are characterised by heavy tails.

S. H. Y. Chan; R. V. Donner; S. Lämmer

2011-01-01

486

Understanding Road Rage in a Developing Economy:The Port Harcourt City Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Road rage is Ubiquitous and is indeed a global phenomenon. Urbanization and the struggle for survival have made road rage part of our daily city life. However, while experts on road rage in the developed nations of the world tend to see road rage within the realm of psychological and environmental factorss only, road rage in developing economies such as

Ngboawaji Daniel NTE; Nkereuwem S. Ekpenyong; Paul EKE

487

CLASS 5 ROADS FROM 1:100,000 SCALE DIGITAL LINE GRAPH  

EPA Science Inventory

Class 5 Roads and other unclassified roads from USGS 100,000-scale Digital Line Graphs (DLG) Transportation for Neuse RIver Watershed study area. The coverage contains trails and other unclassified roads. Purpose: To define class 5 roads and other unclassified roads in Neu...

488

RESEARCH ON UPDATING OF URBAN LARGE SCALE ROAD MAP BASED ON HIGH RESOLUTION REMOTE SENSING IMAGE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Road feature is one of the most important features of urban. The change of road reflects construction speed of an urban. map road updating timely and exactly becomes an urgent issue. Current method updating of road feature is carried out complete manually, and has the disadvantage of tending to lose changed road and low automatic level. The updating of map

Junhui ZHANG; Xiaokun ZHU; Bing LI

489

Relationship Between Road Traffic Accidents and Conflicts Recorded by Drive Recorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. Road traffic conflicts can be used to estimate the probability of accidents occurrence, assess road safety, or evaluate road safety programs if the relationship between road traffic accidents and conflicts is known. To this end, we propose a model for the relationship between road traffic accidents and conflicts recorded by drive recorders (DRs).Methods. DRs were installed in 50 cars

Guangquan Lu; Bo Cheng; Seigo Kuzumaki; Bingsong Mei

2011-01-01

490

Road extraction from ETM panchromatic image based on Dual-Edge Following  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on road extraction from digital imagery is motivated by the need for data acquisition and update for geographic information systems (GIS). Roads usually have parallelism of road sides, and on the images, especially the edge map, there are dual edges for each road. In this paper, we propose an approach for automatically extracting road from ETM panchromatic image with

Haijian Ma; Qiming Qin; Shihong Du; Lin Wang; Chuan Jin

2007-01-01

491

Spatial resolution requirements for automated cartographic road extraction  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Ground resolution requirements for detection and extraction of road locations in a digitized large-scale photographic database were investigated. A color infrared photograph of Sunnyvale, California was scanned, registered to a map grid, and spatially degraded to 1- to 5-metre resolution pixels. Road locations in each data set were extracted using a combination of image processing and CAD programs. These locations were compared to a photointerpretation of road locations to determine a preferred pixel size for the extraction method. Based on road pixel omission error computations, a 3-metre pixel resolution appears to be the best choice for this extraction method. -Authors

Benjamin, S.; Gaydos, L.

1990-01-01

492

Road safety issues for bus transport management.  

PubMed

Because of the low percentage of crashes involving buses and the assumption that public transport improves road safety by reducing vehicular traffic, public interest in bus safety is not as great as that in the safety of other types of vehicles. It is possible that less attention is paid to the significance of crashes involving buses because the safety level of bus systems is considered to be adequate. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the knowledge and perceptions of bus managers with respect to safety issues and the potential effectiveness of various technologies in achieving higher safety standards. Bus managers were asked to give their opinions on safety issues related to drivers (training, skills, performance evaluation and behaviour), vehicles (maintenance and advanced devices) and roads (road and traffic safety issues) in response to a research survey. Kendall's algorithm was used to evaluate the level of concordance. The results showed that the majority of the proposed items were considered to have great potential for improving bus safety. The data indicated that in the experience of the participants, passenger unloading and pedestrians crossing near bus stops are the most dangerous actions with respect to vulnerable users. The final results of the investigation showed that start inhibition, automatic door opening, and the materials and internal architecture of buses were considered the items most strongly related to bus passenger safety. Brake assistance and vehicle monitoring systems were also considered to be very effective. With the exception of driver assistance systems for passenger and pedestrian safety, the perceptions of the importance of other driver assistance systems for vehicle monitoring and bus safety were not unanimous among the bus company managers who participated in this survey. The study results showed that the introduction of new technologies is perceived as an important factor in improving bus safety, but a better understanding of their actual effectiveness and related risk factor avoidance must be developed to permit their useful implementation in bus fleets. PMID:23850401

Cafiso, Salvatore; Di Graziano, Alessandro; Pappalardo, Giuseppina

2013-06-20

493

Wide-angle vision for road views  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The field-of-view of a wide-angle image is greater than (say) 90 degrees, and so contains more information than available in a standard image. A wide field-of-view is more advantageous than standard input for understanding the geometry of 3D scenes, and for estimating the poses of panoramic sensors within such scenes. Thus, wide-angle imaging sensors and methodologies are commonly used in various road-safety, street surveillance, street virtual touring, or street 3D modelling applications. The paper reviews related wide-angle vision technologies by focusing on mathematical issues rather than on hardware.

Huang, F.; Fehrs, K.-K.; Hartmann, G.; Klette, R.

2013-03-01

494

The HiPER Experimental Road Map  

SciTech Connect

WP10 is one of the working packages of the HiPER project and it has the goal of addressing, in a systematic and programmatic way, some of the key experimental uncertainties on the way towards fast ignition (and shock ignition) in a perspective of risk reduction, so to contribute to the definition of the basic characteristics of the HiPER project. The paper describes the key points contained in the short term HiPER experimental road map, as well as the results of two first experiments performed in 'HiPER dedicated time slots' in European Laser Facilities.

Batani, D.; Baton, S.; Badziak, J.; Davies, J.; Gizzi, L.; Hallo, L.; Norreys, P.; Roth, M.; Santos, J.; Tickhoncuk, V.; Woolsey, N.

2010-02-02

495

Road salt movement into two Toronto streams  

SciTech Connect

De-icing salts utilized to clear roadways during the winter in Toronto, Canada, are found to contribute to stream pollution. Two streams were investigated to observe the temporal and spatial movement of such salts. In the early stages of thaw periods, large increases in stream chloride were detected immediately downstream from road crossing points. Concentration was more uniform during the latter stages of thaws. Urban areas were characterized by a more rapid and complete removal of salt. Accumulation of snow and ice in roadside ditches in rural areas inhibits the movement of salt. (10 graphs, 1 map, 12 references, 4 tables)

Scott, W.S.

1980-06-01

496

On the Road to Safety and Health. A Manual for Road Crews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This occupational safety and health handbook is designed for use as an educational tool in safety and health training classes for road workers. The first of six major sections, Caution Work Ahead, identifies principles of controlling hazards and discusses how the law can help improve safety and health conditions. Section 2 describes three common…

Chapnick, Ellen P.

497

From roadkill to road ecology: A review of the ecological effects of roads  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transportation infrastructure affects the structure of ecosystems, the dynamics of ecosystem function, and has direct effects on ecosystem components, including their species composition. Clearly, the construction of transport lines results in the direct destruction and removal of existing ecosystems, and the reconfiguration of local landforms. However, transportation systems, and more specifically, roads, have a wide variety of primary, or direct,

Alisa W. Coffin

2007-01-01

498

UbiRoad: Semantic Middleware for Context-Aware Smart Road Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

A smart road environment is such a traffic environment that is equipped with all necessary facilities to enable seamless mobile service provisioning to the users. However, advanced sensors and network architectures deployed within the traffic environment are insufficient to make mobile service provisioning autonomous and proactive, thus minimizing drivers' distraction during their presence in the environment. For that, an Intelligent

Vagan Terziyan; Olena Kaykova; Dmytro Zhovtobryukh

2010-01-01

499

Older drivers: On-road and off-road test results.  

PubMed

Eighty-five volunteer drivers, 65-85 years old, without cognitive impairments impacting on their driving were examined, in order to investigate driving errors characteristic for older drivers. In addition, any relationships between cognitive off-road and on-road tests results, the latter being the gold standard, were identified. Performance measurements included Trail Making Test (TMT), Nordic Stroke Driver Screening Assessment (NorSDSA), Useful Field of View (UFOV), self-rating driving performance and the two on-road protocols P-Drive and ROA. Some of the older drivers displayed questionable driving behaviour. In total, 21% of the participants failed the on-road assessment. Some of the specific errors were more serious than others. The most common driving errors embraced speed; exceeding the speed limit or not controlling the speed. Correlations with the P-Drive protocol were established for NorSDSA total score (weak), UFOV subtest 2 (weak), and UFOV subtest 3 (moderate). Correlations with the ROA protocol were established for UFOV subtest 2 (weak) and UFOV subtest 3 (weak). P-Drive and self ratings correlated weakly, whereas no correlation between self ratings and the ROA protocol was found. The results suggest that specific problems or errors seen in an older person's driving can actually be "normal driving behaviours". PMID:21545864

Selander, Helena; Lee, Hoe C; Johansson, Kurt; Falkmer, Torbjörn

2011-03-05

500

On the Road to Safety and Health. A Manual for Road Crews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This occupational safety and health handbook is designed for use as an educational tool in safety and health training classes for road workers. The first of six major sections, Caution Work Ahead, identifies principles of controlling hazards and discusses how the law can help improve safety and health conditions. Section 2 describes three common…

Chapnick, Ellen P.