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1

Neural Bases of Talker Normalization  

Microsoft Academic Search

To recognize phonemes across variation in talkers, listeners can use information about vocal characteristics, a process referred to as talker normalization. The present study investigates the cortical mechanisms underlying talker normalization using fMRI. Listeners recognized target words presented in either a spoken list produced by a single talker or a mix of different talkers. It was found that both conditions

Patrick C. M. Wong; Howard C. Nusbaum; Steven L. Small

2004-01-01

2

Talker differences in clear and conversational speech: Vowel intelligibility for normal-hearing listeners  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Several studies have shown that when a talker is instructed to speak as though talking to a hearing-impaired person, the resulting ``clear'' speech is significantly more intelligible than typical conversational speech. While variability among talkers during speech production is well known, only one study to date [Gagné et al., J. Acad. Rehab. Audiol. 27, 135-158 (1994)] has directly examined differences among talkers producing clear and conversational speech. Data from that study, which utilized ten talkers, suggested that talkers vary in the extent to which they improve their intelligibility by speaking clearly. Similar variability can be also seen in studies using smaller groups of talkers [e.g., Picheny, Durlach, and Braida, J. Speech Hear. Res. 28, 96-103 (1985)]. In the current paper, clear and conversational speech materials were recorded from 41 male and female talkers aged 18 to 45 years. A listening experiment demonstrated that for normal-hearing listeners in noise, vowel intelligibility varied widely among the 41 talkers for both speaking styles, as did the magnitude of the speaking style effect. While female talkers showed a larger clear speech vowel intelligibility benefit than male talkers, neither talker age nor prior experience communicating with hearing-impaired listeners significantly affected the speaking style effect. .

Hargus Ferguson, Sarah

2004-10-01

3

Do listeners perceive coarticulatory differences for normal talkers and neurologically impaired talkers?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Speech production studies suggest that the extent of coarticulation varies across talkers. The extent of coarticulation may even vary for repetitions of the same utterance produced by a single talker. Thus, an utterance or talker could be characterized by an average degree of coarticulation, a high degree of coarticulation, or a low degree of coarticulation. The perceptual consequences, if any, of this coarticulatory variability are not well understood, particularly for individuals with speech motor control disorders. The current study examined whether the listeners' speed and accuracy of vowel identification for naturally-produced CV sequences varied depending on the extent of anticipatory vowel coarticulation. Speakers and speech tokens included those characterized by an average degree of anticipatory coarticulation, a high degree of coarticulation, and a low degree of coarticulation. Healthy talkers, speakers with multiple sclerosis, and speakers with Parkinson's disease produced the stimuli. Consonants in CV syllables beginning with /s/, /k/, or /t/ followed by the vowels /i/ or /u/ were excised and presented to listeners for identification of the following vowel. While identification accuracy may be high across speakers and stimuli, the speed of response should vary with extent of coarticulation, if listeners are sensitive to coarticulatory cues in the acoustic speech stream.

Tjaden, Kris; Sussman, Joan; Yu, Ya-Ju

2003-10-01

4

WindTalker: A P2P-Based Low-Latency Anonymous Communication Network  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Compared with traditional static anonymous communication networks, the P2P architecture can provide higher anonymity in communication. However, the P2P architecture also leads to more challenges, such as route, stability, trust and so on. In this paper, we present WindTalker, a P2P-based low-latency anonymous communication network. It is a pure decentralized mix network and can provide low-latency services which help users hide their real identity in communication. In order to ensure stability and reliability, WindTalker imports “seed nodes” to help a peer join in the P2P network and the peer nodes can use gossip-based protocol to exchange active information. Moreover, WindTalker uses layer encryption to ensure the information of relayed messages cannot be leaked. In addition, malicious nodes in the network are the major threat to anonymity of P2P anonymous communication, so WindTalker imports a trust mechanism which can help the P2P network exclude malicious nodes and optimize the strategy of peer discovery, tunnel construction, and relaying etc. in anonymous communications. We deploy peer nodes of WindTalker in our campus network to test reliability and analyze anonymity in theory. The network measurement and simulation analysis shows that WindTalker can provide low-latency and reliable anonymous communication services.

Zhang, Jia; Duan, Haixin; Liu, Wu; Wu, Jianping

5

Effects of Talker Variability on Perceptual Learning of Dialects  

PubMed Central

Two groups of listeners learned to categorize a set of unfamiliar talkers by dialect region using sentences selected from the TIMIT speech corpus. One group learned to categorize a single talker from each of six American English dialect regions. A second group learned to categorize three talkers from each dialect region. Following training, both groups were asked to categorize new talkers using the same categorization task. While the single-talker group was more accurate during initial training and test phases when familiar talkers produced the sentences, the three-talker group performed better on the generalization task with unfamiliar talkers. This cross-over effect in dialect categorization suggests that while talker variation during initial perceptual learning leads to more difficult learning of specific exemplars, exposure to intertalker variability facilitates robust perceptual learning and promotes better categorization performance of unfamiliar talkers. The results suggest that listeners encode and use acoustic-phonetic variability in speech to reliably perceive the dialect of unfamiliar talkers.

Clopper, Cynthia G.; Pisoni, David B.

2012-01-01

6

Talker Identification Using Reverberation Sensing System  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we propose a robust talker identification (TI) system that can identify speakers in different reverberant environments. We describe a reverberation sensing system (RSS) that determines the approximate reverberation level of the surrounding environment, and then selects a TI engine trained in a similar reverberant environment; greater TI accuracy is achieved when training and test environments are similar.

A. R. Abu-El-Quran; J. S. Gammal; R. A. Goubran; A. D. C. Chan

2007-01-01

7

The impact of intended emotion on dynamic changes in talker amplitude  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Relatively little research has been conducted on auditory affect, and less research has focused on quantifying the nature of potential acoustic cues to emotion. A production study was conducted to address the possibility that one dynamic acoustic variable, talker amplitude, may systematically vary as a function of intended affect. Six talkers (three male, three female) were instructed to produce 200 target words with different emotional valences (e.g., joy versus sadness). Target words were phonetically balanced (PB), and each word was produced within a standard carrier phrase. Temporally specific intensity measurements were recorded for each target word. Descriptively and statistically distinct contours were obtained as a function of intended emotion. Furthermore, talkers differed in the way they produced amplitude contours for each emotion. The perceptual relevance of the observed affect-based differences in amplitude then was evaluated. Average contours for joy and sadness were applied to an emotionally neutral set of (CV) stimuli. Listeners discriminated the resulting contours within a two-alternative forced choice task, and sensitivity was evaluated using signal detection analyses. Implications for the potential role of amplitude in the perception of emotion, as well as for the representation of talker information, in words will be discussed.

Wieberg, Kimberly; Hall, Michael D.

2003-10-01

8

The effect of talker and intonation variability on speech perception in noise in children with dyslexia  

PubMed Central

Purpose To determine whether children with dyslexia (DYS) are more affected than age-matched average readers (AR) by talker and intonation variability when perceiving speech in noise. Method Thirty-four DYS and 25 AR children were tested on their perception of consonants in naturally-produced consonant-vowel (CV) tokens in multi-talker babble. Twelve CVs were presented for identification in four conditions varying in the degree of talker and intonation variability. Consonant place (/bi/-/di/) and voicing (/bi/-/pi/) discrimination was investigated with the same conditions. Results DYS children made slightly more identification errors than AR children but only for conditions with variable intonation. Errors were more frequent for a subset of consonants, generally weakly-encoded for AR children, for tokens with intonation patterns (steady and rise-fall) that occur infrequently in connected discourse. In discrimination tasks, which have a greater memory and cognitive load, DYS children scored lower than AR children across all conditions. Conclusions Unusual intonation patterns had a disproportionate (but small) effect on consonant intelligibility in noise for DYS children but adding talker variability did not. DYS children do not appear to have a general problem in perceiving speech in degraded conditions, which makes it unlikely that they lack robust phonological representations.

Hazan, Valerie; Messaoud-Galusi, Souhila; Rosen, Stuart

2013-01-01

9

Effects of fundamental frequency and vocal-tract length changes on attention to one of two simultaneous talkers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Three experiments used the Coordinated Response Measure task to examine the roles that differences in F0 and differences in vocal-tract length have on the ability to attend to one of two simultaneous speech signals. The first experiment asked how increases in the natural F0 difference between two sentences (originally spoken by the same talker) affected listeners' ability to attend to one of the sentences. The second experiment used differences in vocal-tract length, and the third used both F0 and vocal-tract length differences. Differences in F0 greater than 2 semitones produced systematic improvements in performance. Differences in vocal-tract length produced systematic improvements in performance when the ratio of lengths was 1.08 or greater, particularly when the shorter vocal tract belonged to the target talker. Neither of these manipulations produced improvements in performance as great as those produced by a different-sex talker. Systematic changes in both F0 and vocal-tract length that simulated an incremental shift in gender produced substantially larger improvements in performance than did differences in F0 or vocal-tract length alone. In general, shifting one of two utterances spoken by a female voice towards a male voice produces a greater improvement in performance than shifting male towards female. The increase in performance varied with the intonation patterns of individual talkers, being smallest for those talkers who showed most variability in their intonation patterns between different utterances.

Darwin, Christopher J.; Brungart, Douglas S.; Simpson, Brian D.

2003-11-01

10

Two-Talker Pitch Tracking for Co-Channel Talker Interference Suppression.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Almost all co-channel talker interference suppression systems use the difference in the pitches of the target and jammer speakers to suppress the jammer and enhance the target. While joint pitch estimators outputting two pitch estimates as a function of t...

M. A. Zissman D. C. Seward

1992-01-01

11

Differences in Talker Recognition by Preschoolers and Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Talker variability in speech influences language processing from infancy through adulthood and is inextricably embedded in the very cues that identify speech sounds. Yet little is known about developmental changes in the processing of talker information. On one account, children have not yet learned to separate speech sound variability from…

Creel, Sarah C.; Jimenez, Sofia R.

2012-01-01

12

Preschoolers' use of talker information in on-line comprehension.  

PubMed

A crucial part of language development is learning how various social and contextual language-external factors constrain an utterance's meaning. This learning process is poorly understood. Five experiments addressed one hundred thirty-one 3- to 5-year-old children's use of one such socially relevant information source: talker characteristics. Participants learned 2 characters' favorite colors; then, those characters asked participants to select colored shapes, as eye movements were tracked. Results suggest that by preschool, children use voice characteristics predictively to constrain a talker's domain of reference, visually fixating the talker's preferred color shapes. Indicating flexibility, children used talker information when the talker made a request for herself but not when she made a request for the other character. Children's ease at using voice characteristics and possible developmental changes are discussed. PMID:22803622

Creel, Sarah C

2012-07-16

13

Effects of Black Students' Racial Identity on Perceptions of White Counselors Varying in Cultural Sensitivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

It was hypothesized that Black students' racial identity would affect their perceptions of White counselors' interview behaviors. Pretesting on a developmental racial identity instrument placed 54 Black undergraduates at either the encounter stage, characterized by a strong concern with Black identity, or the internalization stage, characterized by a variety of concerns, not exclusively Black. These participants then viewed videotapes of

Jay Pomales; Charles D. Claiborn; Teresa D. LaFromboise

1986-01-01

14

Perceptual learning of a talker resolves lexical ambiguity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent evidence [Allen and Miller, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 115, 3171 (2004)] suggests that listeners are sensitive to talker-specific acoustic-phonetic properties. The present study examines whether experience with a particular talker's realization of place of articulation can eliminate the ambiguity that arises when a word like ``hen'' assimilates in place of articulation to ``hem'' in a labial context (hen best). Using a cross-modal priming paradigm, the priming effect of words that assimilate to other words was measured in two conditions. In the first condition, listeners heard examples of the talker's assimilation style in the form of words that assimilate to nonwords in a labial context (green beer) before the critical trials were heard. In the second condition, listeners did not hear any examples of the talker's assimilation style before the critical trials were heard. Evidence will be presented showing that, without previous experience with the talker's assimilation style, words that assimilate to other words create a lexical ambiguity for the listener. Additionally, evidence will be presented showing that experience with the talker's assimilation style eliminates this lexical ambiguity and allows the listener to perceive the talker's intended lexical form.

Piorkowski, Rebecca L.; Badecker, William

2005-09-01

15

The Effect of Talker Variability on Word Recognition in Preschool Children  

PubMed Central

In a series of experiments, the authors investigated the effects of talker variability on children’s word recognition. In Experiment 1, when stimuli were presented in the clear, 3- and 5-year-olds were less accurate at identifying words spoken by multiple talkers than those spoken by a single talker when the multiple-talker list was presented first. In Experiment 2, when words were presented in noise, 3-, 4-, and 5-year-olds again performed worse in the multiple-talker condition than in the single-talker condition, this time regardless of order; processing multiple talkers became easier with age. Experiment 3 showed that both children and adults were slower to repeat words from multiple-talker than those from single-talker lists. More important, children (but not adults) matched acoustic properties of the stimuli (specifically, duration). These results provide important new information about the development of talker normalization in speech perception and spoken word recognition.

Ryalls, Brigette Oliver; Pisoni, David B.

2012-01-01

16

Training to Use Voice Onset Time as a Cue to Talker Identification Induces a Left-Ear/Right-Hemisphere Processing Advantage  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We examined the effect of perceptual training on a well-established hemispheric asymmetry in speech processing. Eighteen listeners were trained to use a within-category difference in voice onset time (VOT) to cue talker identity. Successful learners (n = 8) showed faster response times for stimuli presented only to the left ear than for those…

Francis, Alexander L.; Driscoll, Courtney

2006-01-01

17

Training to Use Voice Onset Time as a Cue to Talker Identification Induces a Left-Ear/Right-Hemisphere Processing Advantage  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined the effect of perceptual training on a well-established hemispheric asymmetry in speech processing. Eighteen listeners were trained to use a within-category difference in voice onset time (VOT) to cue talker identity. Successful learners (n = 8) showed faster response times for stimuli presented only to the left ear than for those…

Francis, Alexander L.; Driscoll, Courtney

2006-01-01

18

Courtship attention in sagebrush lizards varies with male identity and female reproductive state  

PubMed Central

Previous experiments suggest that males spend more time with the more receptive of 2 novel females or the one with the higher fitness potential. However, males often court individual females repeatedly over a season; for example, male lizards sequentially visit familiar females as they patrol territorial boundaries. It may benefit males to vary display intensity as they move between multiple females. In this study, we explored the factors influencing amount of male courtship to familiar females in the sagebrush lizard, Sceloporus graciosus. We tested whether males vary the amount of courtship exhibited due to individual differences among males, female reproductive state, or female fitness potential. Each male was allowed to interact separately, but repeatedly, with 2 females until both females laid eggs. Male courtship behavior with each of the 2 females was assayed at an intermediate point, after 3 weeks of interaction. We found that individual differences among males were considerable. The number of male courtship displays was also positively correlated with female latency to lay eggs, with males displaying more often toward females with eggs that had not yet been fertilized. Courtship behavior was not well predicted by the number of eggs laid or by female width, both measures of female quality. Thus, male S. graciosus appear to alter courtship intensity more in response to signals of female reproductive state than in response to variation in potential female fitness.

Davis, Erica; Martins, Emilia P.

2008-01-01

19

Otitis Media and Speech/Language Development in Late-Talkers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines otitis media as a possible factor associated with increased risk for communicative handicap in a group of children with a possible vulnerability for language delay: "late-talkers." Speech and language outcomes at ages 3 and 4 were examined in 28 late talkers and 24 children with normal language development. Late talkers with a…

Paul, Rhea; And Others

20

Bimodal Hearing and Speech Perception with a Competing Talker  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The objective of the study was to investigate the influence of bimodal stimulation upon hearing ability for speech recognition in the presence of a single competing talker. Method: Speech recognition was measured in 3 listening conditions: hearing aid (HA) alone, cochlear implant (CI) alone, and both devices together (CI + HA). To…

Pyschny, Verena; Landwehr, Markus; Hahn, Moritz; Walger, Martin; von Wedel, Hasso; Meister, Hartmut

2011-01-01

21

Pragmatic Functions of Toddlers Who Are Late Talkers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Toddlers who are "late talkers" demonstrate reduced expressive vocabulary in the absence of physical, social, cognitive, or sensory impairment; they are usually identified at age 2, when they produce fewer than 50 words and do not combine words (Rescorla, 1989). This study analyzed spontaneous language samples of 10 late talking toddlers and 11…

MacRoy-Higgins, Michelle; Kaufman, Ilana

2012-01-01

22

Identification of 20-ms speech samples from normal and neurologically impaired talkers: Do coarticulation differences matter?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Prior studies of speech suggest that the extent of coarticulation varies both across and within talkers. Speakers sometime use average, high, or low amounts of coarticulation. The perceptual consequences of coarticulatory variability are not well understood, particularly for the speech of individuals with motor control disorders. In the current study, listeners heard the same 20-ms tokens that were used to calculate the degree of anticipatory coarticulation of the following vowel. Acoustic measures were made from the first 20 ms of stop consonants [k] or [t], or from a point 70 ms preceding the vowel in [s] productions. Healthy talkers, speakers with Multiple Sclerosis, and speakers with Parkinson's disease produced the stimuli. Speech tokens included three degrees of anticipatory coarticulation: average, high, and low. The listeners' task was to identify whether the vowels that followed the consonant were originally [i] or [u]. Results showed that identification accuracy was poorer for the current 20-ms tokens than for prior speech samples including all aperiodicity of consonants. Identification was poorest for [s] and best for [k] tokens. The speed of listener response gave some indication of the differing extents of coarticulation. Perceptual validity for the 20-ms measure of coarticulation is discussed.

Sussman, Joan E.; Tjaden, Kris; Yu, Ya-Ju

2001-05-01

23

Second-language experience and speech-in-noise recognition: effects of talker-listener accent similarity.  

PubMed

Previous work has shown that the intelligibility of speech in noise is degraded if the speaker and listener differ in accent, in particular when there is a disparity between native (L1) and nonnative (L2) accents. This study investigated how this talker-listener interaction is modulated by L2 experience and accent similarity. L1 Southern British English, L1 French listeners with varying L2 English experience, and French-English bilinguals were tested on the recognition of English sentences mixed in speech-shaped noise that was spoken with a range of accents (French, Korean, Northern Irish, and Southern British English). The results demonstrated clear interactions of accent and experience, with the least experienced French speakers being most accurate with French-accented English, but more experienced listeners being most accurate with L1 Southern British English accents. An acoustic similarity metric was applied to the speech productions of the talkers and the listeners, and significant correlations were obtained between accent similarity and sentence intelligibility for pairs of individuals. Overall, the results suggest that L2 experience affects talker-listener accent interactions, altering both the intelligibility of different accents and the selectivity of accent processing. PMID:21895102

Pinet, Melanie; Iverson, Paul; Huckvale, Mark

2011-09-01

24

The effects of hearing loss and age on the benefit of spatial separation between multiple talkers in reverberant rooms  

PubMed Central

This study investigated the interaction between hearing loss, reverberation, and age on the benefit of spatially separating multiple masking talkers from a target talker. Four listener groups were tested based on hearing status and age. On every trial listeners heard three different sentences spoken simultaneously by different female talkers. Listeners reported keywords from the target sentence, which was presented at a fixed and known location. Maskers were colocated with the target or presented from spatially separated and symmetrically placed loudspeakers, creating a situation with no simple “better-ear.” Reverberation was also varied. The target-to-masker ratio at threshold for identification of the fixed-level target was measured by adapting the level of the maskers. On average, listeners with hearing loss showed less spatial release from masking than normal-hearing listeners. Age was a significant factor although small differences in hearing sensitivity across age groups may have contributed to this effect. Spatial release was reduced in the more reverberant room condition but in most cases a significant advantage remained. These results provide evidence for a large benefit of spatial separation in a multitalker situation that is likely due to perceptual factors. However, this benefit is significantly reduced by both hearing loss and reverberation.

Marrone, Nicole; Mason, Christine R.; Kidd, Gerald

2008-01-01

25

On the Nature of Talker Variability Effects on Recall of Spoken Word Lists  

PubMed Central

In a recent study, Martin, Mullennix, Pisoni, and Summers (1989) reported that subjects’ accuracy in recalling lists of spoken words was better for words in early list positions when the words were spoken by a single talker than when they were spoken by multiple talkers. The present study was conducted to examine the nature of these effects in further detail. Accuracy of serial-ordered recall was examined for lists of words spoken by either a single talker or by multiple talkers. Half the lists contained easily recognizable words, and half contained more difficult words, according to a combined metric of word frequency, lexical neighborhood density, and neighborhood frequency. Rate of presentation was manipulated to assess the effects of both variables on rehearsal and perceptual encoding. A strong interaction was obtained between talker variability and rate of presentation. Recall of multiple-talker lists was affected much more than single-talker lists by changes in presentation rate. At slow presentation rates, words in early serial positions produced by multiple talkers were actually recalled more accurately than words produced by a single talker. No interaction was observed for word confusability and rate of presentation. The data provide support for the proposal that talker variability affects the accuracy of recall of spoken words not only by increasing the processing demands for early perceptual encoding of the words, but also by affecting the efficiency of the rehearsal process itself.

Goldinger, Stephen D.; Pisoni, David B.; Logan, John S.

2012-01-01

26

The effect of talker age and gender on speech perception of pediatric cochlear implant users  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most clinically-employed speech materials for testing hearing impaired individuals are recordings made by adult male talkers. The author examined the possible effect of talker age and gender on the speech perception of children through the use of 1) two speech perception tests, each with four talker types (adult males, adult females, 10-12 year olds, 5-7 year olds), and 2) two

Jillian B Levine

2010-01-01

27

Effect of spectral normalization on different talker speech recognition by cochlear implant users.  

PubMed

In cochlear implants (CIs), different talkers often produce different levels of speech understanding because of the spectrally distorted speech patterns provided by the implant device. A spectral normalization approach was used to transform the spectral characteristics of one talker to those of another talker. In Experiment 1, speech recognition with two talkers was measured in CI users, with and without spectral normalization. Results showed that the spectral normalization algorithm had small but significant effect on performance. In Experiment 2, the effects of spectral normalization were measured in CI users and normal-hearing (NH) subjects; a pitch-stretching technique was used to simulate six talkers with different fundamental frequencies and vocal tract configurations. NH baseline performance was nearly perfect with these pitch-shift transformations. For CI subjects, while there was considerable intersubject variability in performance with the different pitch-shift transformations, spectral normalization significantly improved the intelligibility of these simulated talkers. The results from Experiments 1 and 2 demonstrate that spectral normalization toward more-intelligible talkers significantly improved CI users' speech understanding with less-intelligible talkers. The results suggest that spectral normalization using optimal reference patterns for individual CI patients may compensate for some of the acoustic variability across talkers. PMID:18529199

Liu, Chuping; Galvin, John; Fu, Qian-Jie; Narayanan, Shrikanth S

2008-05-01

28

Learning to recognize talkers from natural, sinewave, and reversed speech samples  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 5 experiments, the authors investigated how listeners learn to recognize unfamiliar talkers and how experience with specific utterances generalizes to novel instances. Listeners were trained over several days to identify 10 talkers from natural, sinewave, or reversed speech sentences. The sinewave signals preserved phonetic and some suprasegmental properties while eliminating natural vocal quality. In contrast, the reversed speech signals

Sonya M. Sheffert; David B. Pisoni; Jennifer M. Fellowes; Robert E. Remez

2002-01-01

29

Talker Differences in Clear and Conversational Speech: Vowel Intelligibility for Older Adults with Hearing Loss  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To establish the range of talker variability for vowel intelligibility in clear versus conversational speech for older adults with hearing loss and to determine whether talkers who produced a clear speech benefit for young listeners with normal hearing also did so for older adults with hearing loss. Method: Clear and conversational vowels…

Ferguson, Sarah Hargus

2012-01-01

30

Assertive and Responsive Conversational Skills of Italian-Speaking Late Talkers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: Previous research on the pragmatic abilities of late talkers at 24 months of age indicates that they have difficulties initiating conversational interactions, but possess intact responsiveness skills. This study uses a parent-administered questionnaire for evaluating the conversational skills of late talkers and suggesting pragmatic…

Bonifacio, Serena; Girolametto, Luigi; Bulligan, Manuela; Callegari, Monica; Vignola, Sandra; Zocconi, Elisabetta

2007-01-01

31

Interlanguage intelligibility benefit as a function of talker and listener language background and L2 proficiency  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For non-native listeners, intelligibility of non-native speakers (NNS) can surpass intelligibility of native speakers [T. Bent, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 109, 2472 (2001)]. The present study further investigated how language background and L2 proficiency of talker and listener affect L2 intelligibility. Two Chinese NNS, two Korean NNS, and one English monolingual were recorded reading simple English sentences. Listeners were English monolinguals, Chinese NNS, Korean NNS, and NNS with other L1s. For native English listeners, the native English talker was most intelligible. For non-native listeners, intelligibility of non-native talkers with high degrees of L2 proficiency was better than or equal to native talker intelligibility. This pattern held regardless of whether non-native talkers and listeners matched in L1. Additionally, the interlanguage benefit (i.e., the intelligibility difference between non-native and native talkers) decreased as the listeners' proficiency in English increased. This interlanguage benefit can be accounted for by a combination of a shared systematic interlanguage (when talker and listener match in L1) and the influence of interlanguage universals (when talker and listener do not match in L1). However, both of these factors become less influential as listeners L2 proficiency develops causing a decrease in the interlanguage benefit. [Work supported by NIH-NIDCD Grant DC 03762.

Bent, Tessa; Bradlow, Ann R.

2002-05-01

32

Heeding the Voice of Experience: The Role of Talker Variation in Lexical Access  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Two experiments used the head-mounted eye-tracking methodology to examine the time course of lexical activation in the face of a non-phonemic cue, talker variation. We found that lexical competition was attenuated by consistent talker differences between words that would otherwise be lexical competitors. In Experiment 1, some English cohort…

Creel, Sarah C.; Aslin, Richard N.; Tanenhaus, Michael K.

2008-01-01

33

Talker Differences in Clear and Conversational Speech: Vowel Intelligibility for Older Adults with Hearing Loss  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: To establish the range of talker variability for vowel intelligibility in clear versus conversational speech for older adults with hearing loss and to determine whether talkers who produced a clear speech benefit for young listeners with normal hearing also did so for older adults with hearing loss. Method: Clear and conversational…

Ferguson, Sarah Hargus

2012-01-01

34

Effect of speed difference between time-expanded speech and moving image of talker’s face on word intelligibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated effects of asynchrony between speech signal and moving image of talker’s face induced by time-expansion\\u000a of the speech signal on speech intelligibility. Word intelligibility test was performed to younger listeners. Japanese 4-mora\\u000a words were uttered by a female speaker. Each word was processed with STRAIGHT software to expand the speech signal by from\\u000a 0 to 400 ms. These

Shuichi Sakamoto; Akihiro Tanaka; Komi Tsumura; Yôiti Suzuki

2008-01-01

35

Influence of phonotactic probability/neighbourhood density on lexical learning in late talkers  

PubMed Central

Background Toddlers who are late talkers demonstrate delays in phonological and lexical skills. However, the influence of phonological factors on lexical acquisition in toddlers who are late talkers has not been examined directly. Aims To examine the influence of phonotactic probability/neighbourhood density on word learning in toddlers who were late talkers using comprehension, production and word recognition tasks. Methods & Procedures Two-year-olds who were late talkers (n = 12) and typically developing toddlers (n = 12) were exposed to 12 novel pseudo-words for unfamiliar objects in ten training sessions. Pseudo-words contained high or low phonotactic probability English sound sequences. The toddlers’ comprehension, speech production and detection of mispronunciation of the newly learned words were examined using a preferential looking paradigm. Outcomes & Results Late talkers showed poorer performance than toddlers with typical language development in all three tasks: comprehension, production and detection of mispronunciations. The toddlers with typical language development showed better speech production and more sensitivity to mispronunciations for high than low phonotactic probability/neighbourhood density sequences. Phonotactic probability/neighbourhood density did not influence the late talkers’ speech production or sensitivity to mispronunciations; they performed similarly for pseudo-words with high and low phonotactic probability/neighbourhood density sound sequences. Conclusions & Implications The results indicate that some late talkers do not recognize statistical properties of their language, which may contribute to their slower lexical learning.

MacRoy-Higgins, Michelle; Schwartz, Richard G.; Shafer, Valerie L.; Marton, Klara

2013-01-01

36

A Collection of Pseudo-Words to Study Multi-Talker Speech Intelligibility without Shifts of Spatial Attention  

PubMed Central

A new collection of pseudo-words was recorded from a single female speaker of American English for use in multi-talker speech intelligibility research. The pseudo-words (known as the KARG collection) consist of three groups of single syllable pseudo-words varying only by the initial phoneme. The KARG method allows speech intelligibility to be studied free of the influence of shifts of spatial attention from one loudspeaker location to another in multi-talker contexts. To achieve this, all KARG pseudo-words share the same concluding rimes, with only the first phoneme serving as a distinguishing identifier. This ensures that listeners are unable to correctly identify the target pseudo-word without hearing the initial phoneme. As the duration of all the initial phonemes are brief, much shorter than the time required to spatially shift attention, the KARG method assesses speech intelligibility without the confound of shifting spatial attention. The KARG collection is available free for research purposes.

Allen, Kachina; Alais, David; Carlile, Simon

2012-01-01

37

THE LOCUS OF TALKER-SPECIFIC EFFECTS IN SPOKEN-WORD RECOGNITION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Words repeated in the same voice are better recognized than when they are repeated in a different voice. Such findings have been taken as evidence for the storage of talker-specific lexical episodes. But results on perceptual learning suggest that talker-specific adjustments concern sublexical representations. This study thus investigates whether voice-specific repetition effects in auditory lexical decision are lexical or sublexical.

Alexandra Jesse; James M. McQueen; Mike Page

2007-01-01

38

An evaluation of talker localization based on direction of arrival estimation and statistical sound source identification  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is very important to capture distant-talking speech for a hands-free speech interface with high quality. A microphone array is an ideal candidate for this purpose. However, this approach requires localizing the target talker. Conventional talker localization algorithms in multiple sound source environments not only have difficulty localizing the multiple sound sources accurately, but also have difficulty localizing the target talker among known multiple sound source positions. To cope with these problems, we propose a new talker localization algorithm consisting of two algorithms. One is DOA (direction of arrival) estimation algorithm for multiple sound source localization based on CSP (cross-power spectrum phase) coefficient addition method. The other is statistical sound source identification algorithm based on GMM (Gaussian mixture model) for localizing the target talker position among localized multiple sound sources. In this paper, we particularly focus on the talker localization performance based on the combination of these two algorithms with a microphone array. We conducted evaluation experiments in real noisy reverberant environments. As a result, we confirmed that multiple sound signals can be identified accurately between ''speech'' or ''non-speech'' by the proposed algorithm. [Work supported by ATR, and MEXT of Japan.

Nishiura, Takanobu; Nakamura, Satoshi

2002-11-01

39

Effects of lexical intervention on the phonology of late talkers.  

PubMed

The purpose of this investigation is to determine whether a focused stimulation intervention focusing on lexical training has indirect, secondary effects on children's phonological abilities. Twenty-five toddlers with expressive vocabulary delays and their mothers were randomly assigned to intervention and control groups. The children were between 23 and 33 months of age at entry into the study and were at the single-word stage of language development. Parents of late talkers in the experimental group were trained to employ frequent, highly concentrated presentations of target words without requiring responses. Two measures of phonological diversity (i.e., syllable structure level and consonant inventory) and one measure of accuracy of production (i.e., percent consonants correct) were measured prior to and following intervention within the context of mother-child interactions. The toddlers who received intervention made treatment gains in two areas of phonological ability. They used a greater variety of complex syllable shapes and expanded their speech sound inventories to include more consonant sounds in both initial and final position. In contrast, there were no effects of language treatment on the accuracy of correct production when compared to the adult phonological system. PMID:9130202

Girolametto, L; Pearce, P S; Weitzman, E

1997-04-01

40

Perceptual learning of talker-specific vowel space  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Previous research suggests that as listeners become familiar with a speaker's vocal style, they are better able to understand that speaker. This study investigated one possible mechanism by which this talker familiarity benefit arises. Listeners' vowel spaces were measured using a perceptual discrimination test both before and after they were trained to identify a group of speakers by name. Listeners identified either the same speakers whose vowels they discriminated or a different group of speakers. Differences in the learnability and the intelligibility of the two speaking groups were observed. The speaker group that was harder to identify also had vowels that were harder to discriminate. Changes in the listeners' vowel spaces were determined by examining multidimensional scaling solutions of their responses during the discrimination tests. All listeners became better at discriminating vowels. However, only listeners who heard different speakers during identification training and vowel discrimination exhibited a shift in their vowel spaces after training. This suggests that encountering new voices in an unrelated, nonlinguistic task acts to alter the perceptual context and may affect the structure of linguistic representation. Together, these results suggest a link between linguistic and nonlinguistic information in representations for spoken language.

Queen, Jennifer S.; Nygaard, Lynne C.

2001-05-01

41

Differential neural contributions to native- and foreign-language talker identification  

PubMed Central

Humans are remarkably adept at identifying individuals by the sound of their voice, a behavior supported by the nervous system’s ability to integrate information from voice and speech perception. Talker-identification abilities are significantly impaired when listeners are unfamiliar with the language being spoken. Recent behavioral studies describing the language-familiarity effect implicate functionally integrated neural systems for speech and voice perception, yet specific neuroscientific evidence demonstrating the basis for such integration has not yet been shown. Listeners in the present study learned to identify voices speaking a familiar (native) or unfamiliar (foreign) language. The talker-identification performance of neural circuitry in each cerebral hemisphere was assessed using dichotic listening. To determine the relative contribution of circuitry in each hemisphere to ecological (binaural) talker identification abilities, we compared the predictive capacity of dichotic performance on binaural performance across languages. We found listeners’ right-ear (left hemisphere) performance to be a better predictor of overall accuracy in their native language than a foreign one. The enhanced predictive capacity of the classically language-dominant left-hemisphere on overall talker-identification accuracy demonstrates functionally integrated neural systems for speech and voice perception during natural talker identification.

Perrachione, Tyler K.; Pierrehumbert, Janet B.; Wong, Patrick C.M.

2009-01-01

42

The Effect of Talker- And Listener-Related Factors on Intelligibility for a Real-Word, Open-Set Perception Test.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aims of this study were to evaluate whether talker intelligibility is consistent across listeners differing in age and gender and to investigate the process of attunement to talker characteristics in children and adults. Word intelligibility rates were obtained from 135 listeners (adults, 11-12-year-olds, and 7-8-year-olds) for 45 talkers

Markham, Duncan; Hazan, Valerie

2004-01-01

43

Children with Specific Language Impairment and Resolved Late Talkers: Working Memory Profiles at 5 Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The evidence of a deficit in working memory in specific language impairment (SLI) is of sufficient magnitude to suggest a primary role in developmental language disorder. However, little research has investigated memory in late talkers who recover from their early delay. Drawing on a longitudinal, community sample, this study compared…

Petruccelli, Nadia; Bavin, Edith L.; Bretherton, Lesley

2012-01-01

44

Oral Narrative Skills of Late Talkers at Ages 8 and 9  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compared the oral narrative skills of 31 school-aged children diagnosed at 24 to 31 months with expressive language delay (late talkers) with those of 23 typically developing peers. Based upon an extensively studied picture-book task, Frog, Where are You?, narratives were elicited from all participants both at age 8 and age 9. At age 9, children were asked

JOAN MANHARDT; Leslie Rescorla

2002-01-01

45

The Effect of Talker and Intonation Variability on Speech Perception in Noise in Children with Dyslexia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: In this study, the authors aimed to determine whether children with dyslexia (hereafter referred to as "DYS children") are more affected than children with average reading ability (hereafter referred to as "AR children") by talker and intonation variability when perceiving speech in noise. Method: Thirty-four DYS and 25 AR children were…

Hazan, Valerie; Messaoud-Galusi, Souhila; Rosen, Stuart

2013-01-01

46

Tuning in and tuning out: Speech perception in native- and foreign-talker babble  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Studies on speech perception in multitalker babble have revealed asymmetries in the effects of noise on native versus foreign-accented speech intelligibility for native listeners [Rogers et al., Lang Speech 47(2), 139-154 (2004)] and on sentence-in-noise perception by native versus non-native listeners [Mayo et al., J. Speech Lang. Hear. Res., 40, 686-693 (1997)], suggesting that the linguistic backgrounds of talkers and listeners contribute to the effects of noise on speech perception. However, little attention has been paid to the language of the babble. This study tested whether the language of the noise also has asymmetrical effects on listeners. Replicating previous findings [e.g., Bronkhorst and Plomp, J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 92, 3132-3139 (1992)], the results showed poorer English sentence recognition by native English listeners in six-talker babble than in two-talker babble regardless of the language of the babble, demonstrating the effect of increased psychoacoustic/energetic masking. In addition, the results showed that in the two-talker babble condition, native English listeners were more adversely affected by English than Chinese babble. These findings demonstrate informational/cognitive masking on sentence-in-noise recognition in the form of linguistic competition. Whether this competition is at the lexical or sublexical level and whether it is modulated by the phonetic similarity between the target and noise languages remains to be determined.

van Heukelem, Kristin; Bradlow, Ann R.

2005-09-01

47

Comparison of bimodal and bilateral cochlear implant users on speech recognition with competing talker, music perception, affective prosody discrimination and talker identification  

PubMed Central

Objectives Despite excellent performance in speech recognition in quiet, most cochlear implant users have great difficulty with speech recognition in noise, music perception, identifying tone of voice, and discriminating different talkers. This may be partly due to the pitch coding in cochlear implant speech processing. Most current speech processing strategies use only the envelope information; the temporal fine structure is discarded. One way to improve electric pitch perception is to utilize residual acoustic hearing via a hearing aid on the non-implanted ear (bimodal hearing). This study aimed to test the hypothesis that bimodal users would perform better than bilateral cochlear implant users on tasks requiring good pitch perception. Design Four pitch-related tasks were used: Hearing in Noise Test (HINT) sentences spoken by a male talker with a competing female, male, or child talker. Montreal Battery of Evaluation of Amusia. This is a music test with six subtests examining pitch, rhythm and timing perception, and musical memory. Aprosodia Battery. This has five subtests evaluating aspects of affective prosody and recognition of sarcasm. Talker identification using vowels spoken by ten different talkers (three male, three female, two boys, and two girls). Bilateral cochlear implant users were chosen as the comparison group. Thirteen bimodal and thirteen bilateral adult cochlear implant users were recruited; all had good speech perception in quiet. Results There were no significant differences between the mean scores of the bimodal and bilateral groups on any of the tests, although the bimodal group did perform better than the bilateral group on almost all tests. Performance on the different pitch-related tasks was not correlated, meaning that if a subject performed one task well they would not necessarily perform well on another. The correlation between the bimodal users' hearing threshold levels in the aided ear and their performance on these tasks was weak. Conclusions Although the bimodal cochlear implant group performed better than the bilateral group on most parts of the four pitch-related tests, the differences were not statistically significant. The lack of correlation between test results shows that the tasks used are not simply providing a measure of pitch ability. Even if the bimodal users have better pitch perception, the real-world tasks used are reflecting more diverse skills than pitch. This research adds to the existing speech perception, language, and localization studies that show no significant difference between bimodal and bilateral cochlear implant users.

Cullington, Helen E; Zeng, Fan-Gang

2010-01-01

48

Talker-identification training using simulations of binaurally combined electric and acoustic hearing: Generalization to speech and emotion recognitiona  

PubMed Central

Understanding speech in background noise, talker identification, and vocal emotion recognition are challenging for cochlear implant (CI) users due to poor spectral resolution and limited pitch cues with the CI. Recent studies have shown that bimodal CI users, that is, those CI users who wear a hearing aid (HA) in their non-implanted ear, receive benefit for understanding speech both in quiet and in noise. This study compared the efficacy of talker-identification training in two groups of young normal-hearing adults, listening to either acoustic simulations of unilateral CI or bimodal (CI+HA) hearing. Training resulted in improved identification of talkers for both groups with better overall performance for simulated bimodal hearing. Generalization of learning to sentence and emotion recognition also was assessed in both subject groups. Sentence recognition in quiet and in noise improved for both groups, no matter if the talkers had been heard during training or not. Generalization to improvements in emotion recognition for two unfamiliar talkers also was noted for both groups with the simulated bimodal-hearing group showing better overall emotion-recognition performance. Improvements in sentence recognition were retained a month after training in both groups. These results have potential implications for aural rehabilitation of conventional and bimodal CI users.

Krull, Vidya; Luo, Xin; Iler Kirk, Karen

2012-01-01

49

Speaking and Hearing Clearly: Talker and Listener Factors in Speaking Style Changes  

PubMed Central

This article provides an overview of the research concerning the nature of the distinct, listener-oriented speaking style called ‘clear speech’ and its effect on intelligibility for various listener populations. We review major findings that identify talker, listener and signal characteristics that contribute to the characteristically high intelligibility of clear speech. Understanding the interplay of these factors sheds light on the interaction between higher level cognitive and lower-level sensory and perceptual factors that affect language processing. Clear speech research is, thus, relevant for both its theoretical insights and practical applications. Throughout the review, we highlight open questions and promising future directions.

Smiljanic, Rajka; Bradlow, Ann R.

2009-01-01

50

Parental phonological memory contributes to prediction of outcome of late talkers from 20 months to 4 years: a longitudinal study of precursors of specific language impairment  

PubMed Central

Background Many children who are late talkers go on to develop normal language, but others go on to have longer-term language difficulties. In this study, we considered which factors were predictive of persistent problems in late talkers. Methods Parental report of expressive vocabulary at 18 months of age was used to select 26 late talkers and 70 average talkers, who were assessed for language and cognitive ability at 20 months of age. Follow-up at 4 years of age was carried out for 24 late and 58 average talkers. A psychometric test battery was used to categorize children in terms of language status (unimpaired or impaired) and nonverbal ability (normal range or more than 1 SD below average). The vocabulary and non-word repetition skills of the accompanying parent were also assessed. Results Among the late talkers, seven (29%) met our criteria for specific language impairment (SLI) at 4 years of age, and a further two (8%) had low nonverbal ability. In the group of average talkers, eight (14%) met the criteria for SLI at 4 years, and five other children (8%) had low nonverbal ability. Family history of language problems was slightly better than late-talker status as a predictor of SLI.. The best predictors of SLI at 20 months of age were score on the receptive language scale of the Mullen Scales of Early Learning and the parent's performance on a non-word repetition task. Maternal education was not a significant predictor of outcome. Conclusions In this study, around three-quarters of late talkers did not have any language difficulties at 4 years of age, provided there was no family history of language impairment. A family history of language-literacy problems was found to be a significant predictor for persisting problems. Nevertheless, there are children with SLI for whom prediction is difficult because they did not have early language delay.

2012-01-01

51

Talker-listener accent interactions in speech-in-noise recognition: effects of prosodic manipulation as a function of language experience.  

PubMed

Previous work has shown that accents affect speech recognition accuracy in noise, with intelligibility being modulated by the similarity between the talkers' and listeners' accents, particularly in the case where they have different L1s. The present study examined the contribution of prosody to recognizing native (L1) and non-native (L2) speech in noise, and how this is affected by the listener's L2 experience. A group of monolingual English listeners and two groups of French listeners with varying L2 English experience were presented with English sentences produced by L1 and L2 (French) speakers. The stimuli were digitally processed to exchange the pitch and segment durations between recordings of the same sentences produced by different speakers (e.g., imposing a French-accented prosody onto recordings made from English speakers). The results revealed that English listeners were more accurate at recognizing L1 English with English prosody, the French inexperienced listeners were more accurate at recognizing French-accented speech with French prosody, and the French experienced listeners varied in the cues that they used depending on the noise level, showing more flexibility of processing. The use of prosodic cues in noise thus appears to be modulated by language experience and varies according to listening context. PMID:20815470

Pinet, Melanie; Iverson, Paul

2010-09-01

52

S100+ cells: A new neuro-immune cross-talkers in lymph organs  

PubMed Central

Up to now, the ‘hardwired’ neural pathway of the neuro-immune regulation is not fully understood. Here we reported a new neural pathway which links sympathetic nerves with immune cells of the lymphoid tissues. Our results demonstrated that nerve fibers derived from superior cervical ganglion directly targeted only S100+ cells in the cervical lymph nodes. Moreover, we found co-expression of neurotransmitters such as norepinephrine, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide and neuropeptide Y in the postganglionic sympathetic nerve endings that innervate S100+ cells. Our findings suggested that S100+ cells serve as a neuro-immune cross-talker in lymph organs that may play a significant role in transmitting signals of nervous cells to targeted immune cells. The new findings provide better understanding of the cross-talk mechanism between the nervous system and the immune system.

Huang, Jinyu; Zhu, Chunfang; Zhang, Peipei; Zhu, Qian; Liu, YanMei; Zhu, Zhansheng; Wang, MinChen; Li, Wenjie; Yang, Gang; Dong, Nan; Liu, Juan; Chen, Lian; Zhang, Yanlin; Yang, Runlin; Deng, Lili; Fan, Jun; Wang, Xiaochun; Liu, Jun; Ma, Bin; Fu, Qiang; Wu, Kaiyun

2013-01-01

53

Dimensional feature weighting utilizing multiple kernel learning for single-channel talker location discrimination using the acoustic transfer function.  

PubMed

This paper presents a method for discriminating the location of the sound source (talker) using only a single microphone. In a previous work, the single-channel approach for discriminating the location of the sound source was discussed, where the acoustic transfer function from a user's position is estimated by using a hidden Markov model of clean speech in the cepstral domain. In this paper, each cepstral dimension of the acoustic transfer function is newly weighted, in order to obtain the cepstral dimensions having information that is useful for classifying the user's position. Then, this paper proposes a feature-weighting method for the cepstral parameter using multiple kernel learning, defining the base kernels for each cepstral dimension of the acoustic transfer function. The user's position is trained and classified by support vector machine. The effectiveness of this method has been confirmed by sound source (talker) localization experiments performed in different room environments. PMID:23363107

Takashima, Ryoichi; Takiguchi, Tetsuya; Ariki, Yasuo

2013-02-01

54

Integrating speech information across talkers, gender, and sensory modality: Female faces and male voices in the McGurk effect  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies of the McGurk effect have shown that when discrepant phonetic information is delivered to the auditory and visual\\u000a modalities, the information is combined into a new percept not originally presented to either modality. In typical experiments,\\u000a the auditory and visual speech signals are generated by the same talker. The present experiment examined whether a discrepancy\\u000a in the gender of

Kerry P. Green; Patricia K. Kuhl; Andrew N. Meltzoff; Erica B. Stevens

1991-01-01

55

Masker location uncertainty reveals evidence for suppression of maskers in two-talker contexts  

PubMed Central

In many natural settings, spatial release from masking aids speech intelligibility, especially when there are competing talkers. This paper describes a series of three experiments that investigate the role of prior knowledge of masker location on phoneme identification and spatial release from masking. In contrast to previous work, these experiments use initial stop-consonant identification as a test of target intelligibility to ensure that listeners had little time to switch the focus of spatial attention during the task. The first experiment shows that target phoneme identification was worse when a masker played from an unexpected location (increasing the consonant identification threshold by 2.6 dB) compared to when an energetically very similar and symmetrically located masker came from an expected location. In the second and third experiments, target phoneme identification was worse (increasing target threshold levels by 2.0 and 2.6 dB, respectively) when the target was played unexpectedly on the side from which the masker was expected compared to when the target came from an unexpected, symmetrical location in the hemifield opposite the expected location of the masker. These results support the idea that listeners modulate spatial attention by both focusing resources on the expected target location and withdrawing attentional resources from expected locations of interfering sources.

Allen, Kachina; Alais, David; Shinn-Cunningham, Barbara; Carlile, Simon

2011-01-01

56

Identity and Global Mobility  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter examines how identity is related to the mobility of professionals who initiate expatriation. In this context\\u000a a “professional” has a multifaceted identity in which career (a personal identity), family (a role identity) and cultural\\u000a selves (a collective identity) are combined. These components vary in the degree to which they affect the motivation to expatriate\\u000a or repatriate.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Having a

Phyllis Tharenou

57

Evaluation of an Audiovisual-FM System: Investigating the Interaction between Illumination Level and a Talker's Skin Color on Speech-Reading Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A program designed to evaluate the benefits of an audiovisual-frequency modulated (FM) system led to some questions concerning the effects of illumination level and a talker's skin color on speech-reading performance. To address those issues, the speech of a Caucasian female was videotaped under 2 conditions: a light skin color condition and a…

Gagne, Jean-Pierre; Laplante-Levesque, Ariane; Labelle, Maude; Doucet, Katrine; Potvin, Marie-Christine

2006-01-01

58

Exploring Early Years Educators' Ownership of Language and Communication Knowledge and Skills: A Review of Key Policy and Initial Reflections on "Every Child a Talker" and Its Implementation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article examines four significant policy documents that have informed the Department for Children School and Families (DCSF)' s "Every Child a Talker" (ECaT). The analysis focuses on where the ownership of knowledge in relation to communication and language lies as part of policy implementation and training processes. The article then…

McLeod, Naomi

2011-01-01

59

Identity of Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this chapter is not to bring the answer to the ultimate question ‘what is identity?’, — an almost impossible\\u000a undertaking given the complexity and the constant evolution of the subject — but rather to present, more like on a journey,\\u000a different angles that can be used to define this concept, in particular in the context of the

Thierry Nabeth

60

English vowel identification in long-term speech-shaped noise and multi-talker babble for English and Chinese listeners.  

PubMed

The identification of 12 English vowels was measured in quiet and in long-term speech-shaped noise (LTSSN) and multi-talker babble for English-native (EN) listeners and Chinese-native listeners in the U.S. (CNU) and China (CNC). The signal-to-noise ratio was manipulated from -15 to 0 dB. As expected, EN listeners performed significantly better in quiet and noisy conditions than CNU and CNC listeners. Vowel identification in LTSSN was similar between CNU and CNC listeners; however, performance in babble was significantly better for CNU listeners than for CNC listeners, indicating that exposing non-native listeners to native English may reduce informational masking of multi-talker babble. PMID:23656099

Mi, Lin; Tao, Sha; Wang, Wenjing; Dong, Qi; Jin, Su-Hyun; Liu, Chang

2013-05-01

61

Children's Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author is concerned that young people in residential care need to have opportunities to develop healthy and positive identities. The aspects of a) remedies for inadequate identities, b) outside influences on identity formation, c) the norms of the children's networks, and d) the strengths and weaknesses in personality are each explored in terms of the implications for child and

Vibeke Lasson

2002-01-01

62

Similarity and familiarity: Second language sentence recognition in first- and second-language multi-talker babble.  

PubMed

The intelligibility of speech in noisy environments depends not only on the functionality of listeners' peripheral auditory systems, but also on cognitive factors such as their language learning experience. Previous studies have shown, for example, that normal-hearing listeners attending to a non-native language have more difficulty identifying speech targets in noisy conditions than do native listeners. Furthermore, native listeners have more difficulty understanding speech targets in the presence of speech noise in their native language versus a foreign language. The present study addresses the role of listener language experience with both the target and noise languages by examining second-language sentence recognition in first- and second-language noise. Native English speakers and non-native English speakers whose native language is Mandarin were tested on English sentence recognition in English and Mandarin 2-talker babble. Results show that both listener groups experienced greater difficulty in English versus Mandarin babble, but that native Mandarin listeners experienced a smaller release from masking in Mandarin babble relative to English babble. These results indicate that both the similarity between the target and noise and the language experience of the listeners contribute to the amount of interference listeners experience when listening to speech in the presence of speech noise. PMID:21179561

Van Engen, Kristin J

2010-12-30

63

Predicting the effect of hearing loss and audibility on amplified speech reception in a multi-talker listening scenario.  

PubMed

Auditive and cognitive influences on speech perception in a complex situation were investigated in listeners with normal hearing (NH) and hearing loss (HL). The speech corpus used was the Nonsense-Syllable Response Measure [NSRM; Woods and Kalluri, (2010). International Hearing Aid Research Conference, pp. 40-41], a 12-talker corpus which combines 154 nonsense syllables with 8 different carrier phrases. Listeners heard NSRM sentences in quiet, background noise, and in background noise plus other "jammer" NSRM sentences. All stimuli were linearly amplified. A "proficiency" value, determined from the results in quiet and the quiet-condition speech intelligibility index (SII), was used with the SII in predicting results in the other conditions. Results for nine of ten NH subjects were well-predicted (within the limits of binomial variability) in the noise condition, as were eight of these subjects in the noise-plus-jammers condition. All 16 HL results were well-predicted in the noise condition, as were 9 of the HL in the noise-plus-jammers condition. Hierarchical regression partialling out the effects of age found proficiency in noise-plus-jammers significantly correlated with results of "trail-making" tests, thought to index processing speed and attention-deployment ability, and proficiency in quiet and noise was found significantly correlated with results from a backward digit-span memory test. PMID:23742377

Woods, William S; Kalluri, Sridhar; Pentony, Shareka; Nooraei, Nazanin

2013-06-01

64

Moral Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Moral identity is a construct at the intersection of moral development and identity formation. It is thought to be a source\\u000a of moral motivation linking moral reasoning (our judgments about whether certain actions are right or wrong) to behavior.\\u000a In other words, people with a stronger sense of moral identity will be more likely to do what they know is

Sam A. Hardy; Gustavo Carlo

65

Adoptive Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Adoptive identity addresses these questions: “Who am I as an adopted person?” and “What does being adopted mean to me, and\\u000a how does this fit into my understanding of my self, relationships, family, and culture?” The process of identity construction\\u000a is observed in adoptive identity exploration, as adopted persons reflect on the meaning of adoption in their lives, take active

Harold D. Grotevant; Lynn Von Korff

66

Brand Identity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Instead of differentiating themselves by building "brand identities," colleges and universities often focus on competing with price. As a result, fewer and fewer institutions base their identities on value, the combination of quality and price. Methods of building two concepts to influence customers' brand image and brand loyalty are outlined;…

Lawlor, John

1998-01-01

67

Identity management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper introduces identity management concepts and discusses various issues associated with their implementation. It will try to highlight technical, legal, and social aspects that must been foreseen when defining the numerous processes that an identity management infrastructure must support. Grid interoperability as well as cross platform interoperability is addressed on the technical aspect, followed by a short discussion on social consequences on user's privacy when completed traceability is enforced. The paper will finally give some examples on how identity management has been implemented at CERN.

Pace, A.

2008-07-01

68

Identity Motives  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In this chapter, I review the literature on motivated identity construction, drawing together insights and evidence from diverse\\u000a theoretical perspectives, and I propose the foundations of an integrative model. Evidence suggests that people are motivated\\u000a not only to see themselves in a positive light (the self-esteem motive), but also to believe that their identities are continuous\\u000a over time despite significant

Vivian L. Vignoles

69

Subjective and psychophysiological indices of listening effort in a competing-talker task  

PubMed Central

Background The effects of noise and other competing backgrounds on speech recognition performance are well documented. There is less information, however, on listening effort and stress experienced by listeners during a speech recognition task that requires inhibition of competing sounds. Purpose The purpose was a) to determine if psychophysiological indices of listening effort were more sensitive than performance measures (percentage correct) obtained near ceiling level during a competing speech task b) to determine the relative sensitivity of four psychophysiological measures to changes in task demand and c) to determine the relationships between changes in psychophysiological measures and changes in subjective ratings of stress and workload. Research Design A repeated-measures experimental design was used to examine changes in performance, psychophysiological measures, and subjective ratings in response to increasing task demand. Study Sample Fifteen adults with normal hearing participated in the study. The mean age of the participants was 27 (range: 24–54). Data Collection and Analysis Psychophysiological recordings of heart rate, skin conductance, skin temperature, and electromyographic activity (EMG) were obtained during listening tasks of varying demand. Materials from the Dichotic Digits Test were used to modulate task demand. The three levels of tasks demand were: single digits presented to one ear (low-demand reference condition), single digits presented simultaneously to both ears (medium demand), and a series of two digits presented simultaneously to both ears (high demand). Participants were asked to repeat all the digits they heard while psychophysiological activity was recorded simultaneously. Subjective ratings of task load were obtained after each condition using the NASA-TLX questionnaire. Repeated-measures analyses of variance were completed for each measure using task demand and session as factors. Results Mean performance was higher than 96% for all listening tasks. There was no significant change in performance across listening conditions for any listener. There was, however, a significant increase in mean skin conductance and EMG activity as task demand increased. Heart rate and skin temperature did not change significantly. There was no strong association between subjective and psychophysiological measures, but all participants with mean normalized effort ratings of greater than 4.5 (i.e. effort increased by a factor of at least 4.5) showed significant changes in skin conductance. Conclusions Even in the absence of substantial performance changes, listeners may experience changes in subjective and psychophysiological responses consistent with activation of a stress response. Skin conductance appears to be the most promising measure for evaluating individual changes in psychophysiological responses during listening tasks.

Mackersie, Carol L.; Cones, Heather

2010-01-01

70

IDENTITY DISORDER  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous studies on patients with Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) have provided only cursory descriptions of their educational perfor- mance. Ten adult outpatients with DID were interviewed to discov- er educational problems experienced from grade school through post- graduate school. A structured interview explored demographic data, academic achievement, conduct and behavioral problems, interac- tions with teachers and peers, dissociative symptoms, and

Donna L. Hobbs; Philip M. Coons

71

Identity Style, Parental Authority, and Identity Commitment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role that parental authority patterns and social-cognitive identity styles may play in establishing identity commitments was investigated. The results indicated that family authority and identity style variables combined accounted for 50% of the variation in strength of identity commitment. As hypothesized, the relationship between parental authority and identity commitment was mediated by identity style. The findings are consistent with

Michael D. Berzonsky

2004-01-01

72

Musical America: United yet Varied Identities for Classroom Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|More than ever, today's America is diverse beyond anyone's wildest dreams, and the music that resonates in families and neighborhoods, on concert stages, in schools, dance halls, and clubs, and through the media is as wide a variety as exists anywhere in the world. America's music is decidedly difficult to pin down as a single and united style,…

Campbell, Patricia Shehan; Lum, Chee-Hoo

2008-01-01

73

Identity versus Peace: Identity Wins  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this essay, Zvi Bekerman reveals the complicated and dynamic negotiation of individual and group identities for communities engaged in peace and reconciliation education. By looking closely at the experiences of students, teachers, and parents at one integrated bilingual Arabic-Hebrew school in Israel, Bekerman finds that while children are…

Bekerman, Zvi

2009-01-01

74

Narrative Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Narrative identity is the internalized and evolving story of the self that a person constructs to make sense and meaning out\\u000a of his or her life. The story is a selective reconstruction of the autobiographical past and a narrative anticipation of the\\u000a imagined future that serves to explain, for the self and others, how the person came to be and

Dan P. McAdams

75

Maternal Identity, Occupational Identity and Parental Awareness in Mothers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The quality of parenting in dual career families has been the subject of much debate. To determine whether employed and non-employed mothers, varying in psychological identity status (parental and occupational), differ in the maturity of their perspectives on children and the parent role, 37 married women with children were interviewed. The…

James, Jacquelyn B.; Speisman, Joseph C.

76

JEWISH-ISRAELI IDENTITY AMONG ISRAEL'S FUTURE TEACHERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The question of Jewish-Israeli identity is one of present-day Israeli society's cardinal and pressing issues. The identity of a citizen of Israel is not that of a purely Israeli identity, nor is it a purely Jewish identity. It is, in varying degrees, a synthesis of Jewish and Israeli components, depending on the particular subgroups or subidentities. Stress develops around the

Yair Auron

1997-01-01

77

Time-Varying BRDFs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The properties of virtually all real-world materials change with time, causing their BRDFs to be time-varying. However, none of the existing BRDF models and databases take time variation into consideration; they represent the appearance of a material at a single time instance. In this work, we address the acquisition, analysis, modeling and rendering of a wide range of time-varying BRDFs.

Bo Sun; Kalyan Sunkavalli; Ravi Ramamoorthi; Peter N. Belhumeur; Shree K. Nayar

2007-01-01

78

Group identity in social and cultural systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research in this paper analyzes the common characteristics shared between social organizations of varied type and how personal and group identity within these groups is derived from the identification with common contextual artifacts. This analysis is performed through survey questions concerning markers of cultural identity posed to the Armenian Diaspora, a relatively small, geographically disparate, cultural group. Due to

Brian Moriarty

2011-01-01

79

Group Identities: The Social Identity Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The concept of group identity, and its implications for the self and relation to others are addressed by the social identity\\u000a approach within psychology. I review this approach, comprising social identity theory, self-categorization theory, and the\\u000a most important subsequent developments. Social identity theory not only addresses the bases for differentiation and discrimination\\u000a between groups, but it also views social competition

Russell Spears

80

National Identity Learning Module  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This learning module provides conceptual framework on the topic of national identity as well as three case studies on the topics of: icons of identity, landscapes of national identity, and contested public space.

M.keane

81

Cognitive Maturation and the Use of Pitch and Rate Information in Making Similarity Judgments of a Single Talker  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: This study examined age-related differences in speaker similarity judgments, in which acoustic cues known to be important in speaker and speech recognition and identification were varied. Method: Four groups of listeners of 5- to 6-, 8- to 9-, 10- to 11-, and 25- to 30-year-olds were asked to judge the similarity between an original…

Petrini, Karin; Tagliapietra, Sara

2008-01-01

82

Identity and Political Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Identity and Political Theory, Clarissa Hayward and Ron Watson intervene in this debate, theorizing an appropriate role for the state in the contested field of identity politics. They start by parsing different theories of multiculturalism that favor state recognition of minority identity, distinguished by commitments to protect identity groups from external intervention and to permit the groups to impose

Clarissa Rile Hayward; Ron Watson

2010-01-01

83

Fast digital identity revocation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract. The availability of fast and reliable Digital Identities is an essential ingredient for the successful implementation of the public-key infrastructure of the Internet. All digital identity schemes must include a method for revoking someone's digital identity in the case that this identity is stolen (or canceled) before its expiration date (similar to the cancelation of a credit-cards in the

W. Aiello; S. Lodha; R. Ostrovsky

1998-01-01

84

Identity negotiation at work  

Microsoft Academic Search

Upon initiating relationships, people engage in a process of identity negotiation through which they establish their respective identities. Once established, people's identities define their mutual expectations, obligations, and indeed, the very nature of their relationships. This chapter presents a rudimentary theory of identity negotiation, with emphasis on how such negotiations unfold in the workplace. We first discuss the nature and

William B. Swann Jr.; Russell E. Johnson; Jennifer K. Bosson

2009-01-01

85

Personal Identity in Italy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter discusses specifics of identity formation in Italian adolescents and emerging adults. We review consistent evidence illustrating that, in Italy, a progressive deferral of transition to adulthood strongly impacts youth identity development by stimulating identity exploration and postponement of identity commitments. We also consider…

Crocetti, Elisabetta; Rabaglietti, Emanuela; Sica, Luigia Simona

2012-01-01

86

Alternative Identities in Multicultural Schools in Israel: Emancipatory Identity, Mixed Identity and Transnational Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Economic and technological processes of globalization and the increasing migrations of people in the world undermine dominant national identities. One of the main characteristics of our time is the instability of identities and the continuous invention of new/old identities. Traditions and ethnic identities are deconstructed and reconstructed.…

Resnik, Julia

2006-01-01

87

Personal Identity in Italy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This chapter discusses specifics of identity formation in Italian adolescents and emerging adults. We review consistent evidence illustrating that, in Italy, a progressive deferral of transition to adulthood strongly impacts youth identity development by stimulating identity exploration and postponement of identity commitments. We also consider…

Crocetti, Elisabetta; Rabaglietti, Emanuela; Sica, Luigia Simona

2012-01-01

88

Alternative Identities in Multicultural Schools in Israel: Emancipatory Identity, Mixed Identity and Transnational Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Economic and technological processes of globalization and the increasing migrations of people in the world undermine dominant national identities. One of the main characteristics of our time is the instability of identities and the continuous invention of new/old identities. Traditions and ethnic identities are deconstructed and reconstructed.…

Resnik, Julia

2006-01-01

89

Talkin' Musical Identities Blues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|After reading the book "Musical Identities" (Raymond MacDonald, David Hargreaves, Dorothy Miell, eds.; Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2002), this author states she finds it difficult to separate "identities in music" from "music in identities." In fact, she cannot conceive of music apart from identity. It is Lamb's view that the…

Lamb, Roberta

2004-01-01

90

On Fay identity  

SciTech Connect

In the first part of this paper we consider the transformation of the cubic identities for general Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) tau functions from [Mishev, J. Math. Phys. 40, 2419-2428 (1999)] to the specific identities for trigonometric KdV tau functions. Afterwards, we consider the Fay identity as a functional equation and provide a wide set of solutions of this equation. The main result of this paper is Theorem 3.4, where we generalize the identities from Mishev. An open problem is the transformation of the cubic identities from Mishev to the specific identities for elliptic KdV tau functions.

Michev, Iordan P. [Department of Mathematics, SUNY Suffolk County Community College, 533 College Road, Selden, New York 11784 (United States)

2006-09-15

91

Avoiding Medical Identity Theft  

MedlinePLUS

Tips for Preventing and Detecting Medical Identity Theft Tips for Preventing and Detecting Medical Identity Theft Monitor your health records closely and address any errors quickly Share personal and ...

92

Mobility and Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

While identity management systems for the Internet are debated intensively, identity management in mobile applications has\\u000a grown silently over the last 17 years. Technologies, such as the still-growing Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM)\\u000a with its Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) identification infrastructure, are foundations for many new mobile identity management\\u000a related applications and services. This includes location-based services (LBS), offering

Denis Royer; André Deuker; Kai Rannenberg

93

Family Processes and Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Family is a unique relationship context that influences the contents and processes of identity. The identity of individuals\\u000a emerges, at least in part, from being members of a family. Moreover, the family context influences not only the development\\u000a of one’s personal identity as a family member but also other aspects of personal identity. Family is not a neutral environment\\u000a for

Eugenia Scabini; Claudia Manzi

94

Language, Power and Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|How are identities constructed in discourse? How are national and European identities tied to language and communication? And what role does power have--power in discourse, over discourse and of discourse? This paper seeks to identify and analyse processes of identity construction within Europe and at its boundaries, particularly the diversity of…

Wodak, Ruth

2012-01-01

95

Literacy and Sexual Identity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Calls for more attention to literacy teaching practices and teacher education that acknowledge sexual identity and orientation as key aspects of youth identity development. Discusses experience-based pedagogy and classroom interactions around sexual identities and texts. Notes the need for research and scholarship in the field of literacy and…

Moje, Elizabeth Birr; MuQaribu, Mudhillun

2003-01-01

96

Identity Theft Literature Review.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This review draws on available scientific studies and a variety of other sources to assess what we know about identity theft and what might be done to further the research base of identity theft. Until the federal Identity Theft and Assumption Deterrence ...

G. R. Newman M. M. McNally

2005-01-01

97

Tomboy as Protective Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The tomboy in contemporary U.S. culture is a complex identity, providing meaning to many girls and women. In this article, we argue tomboy as a gendered social identity also provides temporary “protections” to girls and women in three main ways. First, tomboy identity can excuse masculine-typed behavior in girls and women and, in doing so, protect women from presumptions about

Traci Craig; Jessica LaCroix

2011-01-01

98

Development of maternal identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reva Rubin suggested in her theoretical framework that developmental tasks were necessary for a woman to achieve maternal identity post partum. Rubin defined maternal identity as the woman's internal sense of competence in the maternal role and her knowledge of her infant. If measures of pregnancy developmental tasks could predict maternal identity such measures would be helpful in determining women

Sharon Lynn Dore

2001-01-01

99

National Identity in a \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Taiwanese identity has been defined, redefined and challenged at various spatial scales. At the local level, the renaming of streets in Taiwan after 1949 reflected the nationalist identity that was manifested in the Kuomintang (KMT). However, recent renaming trends, including the renaming of the Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Hall in Taipei, have challenged this identity in an attempt to redefine the

Daniel A. McGowin

2011-01-01

100

Personal identity in Italy.  

PubMed

This chapter discusses specifics of identity formation in Italian adolescents and emerging adults. We review consistent evidence illustrating that, in Italy, a progressive deferral of transition to adulthood strongly impacts youth identity development by stimulating identity exploration and postponement of identity commitments. We also consider the influence of ecological contexts and specific Italian groups (i.e., immigrant adolescents and those who drop out of school, youth living in disadvantaged areas in the south of Italy, and emerging adults who are unemployed or hold precarious jobs) for which the identity formation process is particularly challenging. PMID:23225355

Crocetti, Elisabetta; Rabaglietti, Emanuela; Sica, Luigia Simona

2012-01-01

101

Social Identity and Preferences*  

PubMed Central

Social identities prescribe behaviors for people. We identify the marginal behavioral effect of these norms on discount rates and risk aversion by measuring how laboratory subjects’ choices change when an aspect of social identity is made salient. When we make ethnic identity salient to Asian-American subjects, they make more patient choices. When we make racial identity salient to black subjects, non-immigrant blacks (but not immigrant blacks) make more patient choices. Making gender identity salient has no effect on intertemporal or risk choices.

Benjamin, Daniel J.; Choi, James J.; Strickland, A. Joshua

2009-01-01

102

Identity status and interpersonal style  

Microsoft Academic Search

A group of 22 undergraduates at a large Midwestern state university were interviewed to determine their “identity states,” i.e., identity foreclosure, identity diffusion, identity moratorium, moratorium-diffusion, or identity achievement. A distinctive interpersonal style, both toward peers and toward authority, was associated with each identity status. For example, the identity foreclosed people were talkative, compliant toward authority, and covetous of the

James M. Donovant

1975-01-01

103

Identity, Cooperation, and Punishment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among economists, there is increased recognition of the role individuals’ identities play in decision-making. In this paper, we conduct laboratory experiments in which we explore the motivations for and the effects of group identity. We find that negative out-group opinion (acting as an inter-group identity threat) can motivate in-group\\/out-group effects in a simple bargaining context. Further, our results suggest that

Kendra N. McLeish; Robert J. Oxoby

2007-01-01

104

[Acquiring a sexual identity].  

PubMed

Progressive acquisition from childhood onwards to adulthood of a procreative and psycho-emotional sexual identity is presented in all its bio-psycho-social complexity. Gender identity disorders (GDI) and the different sexual orientations (hetero-, homo- or bisexual) are included with their possible etiologies. Different medico-psycho-social programs and projects are presented targeting persons having difficulties in this developmental process of their identity. PMID:23547360

Kjellberg, G

2013-03-20

105

Self and social identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

? Abstract In this chapter, we examine the self and identity by considering the different conditions under which,these are affected by the groups,to which,people belong. From a social identity perspective we argue that group commitment, on the one hand, and features of the social context, on the other hand, are crucial determinants of central identity concerns. We develop a taxonomy,of

Naomi Ellemers; Russell Spears; Bertjan Doosje

2002-01-01

106

Reincarnation, Modernity and Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

A significant minority of Westerners believe in reincarnation, even though they do not belong to religions that teach it. What is the relationship of their belief to personal identity? In areas of the world where reincarnation is accepted, one can identify three forms of pre-natal and\\/or post-mortem identity: the continuing self\\/soul, the dissolution of the self, and family identity. Comparable

Tony Walter

2001-01-01

107

Identity and Security  

Microsoft Academic Search

A strong identification system presupposes a strong notion of identity. The Internet, though, is multilayered; identity is different at each layer. My computer has three different MAC addresses and several IP addresses, including many IP addresses and logins for different instant message systems. If I switch computers, locations, or employers, several of these would change. Am I no longer myself?

Steven M. Bellovin

2010-01-01

108

Personal Identity in Japan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This chapter explores characteristics of identity formation among Japanese adolescents and young adults living in a cultural context where individualism has been increasingly emphasized even while maintaining collectivism. We argue that, to develop a sense of identity in Japanese culture, adolescents and young adults carefully consider others'…

Sugimura, Kazumi; Mizokami, Shinichi

2012-01-01

109

Gender identity disorder  

MedlinePLUS

Gender identity disorder is a conflict between a person's physical gender and the gender he or she identifies as. ... People with gender identity disorder may act and present themselves as members of the opposite sex. The disorder may affect: Choice of sexual ...

110

Children's Social Identities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper provides a brief overview of recent developmental research on themes related to children's social identities. Initially, consideration is given to the capacity for social categorization, following which attention is given to children's developing conceptions of social identities, their identification with social groups, and the…

Bennett, Mark

2011-01-01

111

Tomboy as protective identity.  

PubMed

The tomboy in contemporary U.S. culture is a complex identity, providing meaning to many girls and women. In this article, we argue tomboy as a gendered social identity also provides temporary "protections" to girls and women in three main ways. First, tomboy identity can excuse masculine-typed behavior in girls and women and, in doing so, protect women from presumptions about sexual reputation and sexual orientation. Second, tomboy identities can provide some protection for lesbian girls and women who prefer to not divulge their sexual orientation. And, third, tomboy identity can gain women limited privilege to spaces for which masculinity is an unspoken requirement. The temporary nature of the protections provided to tomboys undermines the ability of tomboys to truly transcend the binary gender system. PMID:21973066

Craig, Traci; Lacroix, Jessica

2011-01-01

112

Professional Identity Development: A Review of the Higher Education Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the extant higher education literature on the development of professional identities. Through a systematic review approach 20 articles were identified that discussed in some way professional identity development in higher education journals. These articles drew on varied theories, pedagogies and learning strategies; however,…

Trede, Franziska; Macklin, Rob; Bridges, Donna

2012-01-01

113

Professional Identity Development: A Review of the Higher Education Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the extant higher education literature on the development of professional identities. Through a systematic review approach 20 articles were identified that discussed in some way professional identity development in higher education journals. These articles drew on varied theories, pedagogies and learning strategies; however,…

Trede, Franziska; Macklin, Rob; Bridges, Donna

2012-01-01

114

Mirror writing and a dissociative identity disorder.  

PubMed

Individuals with dissociative identity disorder (DID) have been known to show varied skills and talents as they change from one dissociative state to another. For example, case reports have described people who have changed their handedness or have spoken foreign languages during their dissociative states. During an interview with a patient with DID, a surprising talent emerged when she wrote a sentence for the Folstein Mini-Mental State Exam-mirror writing. It is not known whether her mirror writing had a deeper level of meaning; however, it does emphasize the idiosyncratic nature of dissociative identity disorder. PMID:19865491

Le, Catherine; Smith, Joyce; Cohen, Lewis

2009-10-26

115

Native American Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many issues and elements--including ethnic nomenclature, racial attitudes, and the legal and political status of American Indian nations and Indian people--influence Native American identity. (Contains 3 notes.)

Horse, Perry G.

2005-01-01

116

Dissociative identity disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research literature on dissociative identity disorder is smaller than that on many other Axis I and II disorders. Despite\\u000a its smaller quantity, however, this literature contains a number of themes and developments of interest to the mental health\\u000a field as a whole. These themes or topic areas will likely be the focus of research on dissociative identity disorder over

Colin A. Ross

2006-01-01

117

Material and Consumer Identities  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a One increasingly powerful context in which individuals construct and express their identities is the material and consumer\\u000a culture we live in. Having the ‘right’ material goods has become vital to many, not so much because of these goods themselves,\\u000a but because of hoped-for psychological benefits, such as moving closer to an ideal identity, creating a desired social image,\\u000a and achieving

Helga Dittmar

118

Gender Identity Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Gender features strongly in most societies and is a significant aspect of self-definition for most people. Following a brief\\u000a description of views on gender identity from the perspectives of humanistic social science, sociology, and psychology, this\\u000a chapter provides an analysis of gender identity development from the perspective of social cognitive theory. Social cognitive\\u000a theory describes how gender conceptions are developed

Kay Bussey

119

Identity, Image and Reputation  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Corporate reputation is increasingly viewed as a behavioral process, which must be built from within and integrated across\\u000a the organization, as da Camara expounds in his article “Identity, Image and Reputation.” In his article, da Camara explains\\u000a the subtle differences between important constructs, i.e., identity, image, and reputation and examines their operation and\\u000a co-existence. He points out that any attempt

Nuno Zarco da Camara

120

DIRECTION OF ARRIVAL ESTIMATION IN PARTLY CALIBRATED TIME-VARYING SENSOR ARRAYS  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider the direction finding problem in time-varying arrays composed of identically oriented subarrays displaced by unknown vector translations. A new eigenstructure-based estimator is pro- posed for such a class of partly calibrated sensor arrays.

Marius Pesavento; Alex B. Gershman Kon; Max Wong

2001-01-01

121

Direction of arrival estimation in partly calibrated time-varying sensor arrays  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider the direction finding problem in time-varying arrays composed of identically oriented subarrays displaced by unknown vector translations. A new eigenstructure-based estimator is proposed for such a class of partly calibrated sensor arrays

Marius Pesavento; A. B. Gershman; Kon Max Wong

2001-01-01

122

Online identity management and identity verification  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A user identity verification apparatus and method comprising, via one or more processors, collecting in a computer database consolidated user data comprising information about a method user from a plurality of sources comprising credit bureau information, information from data vendors, and public information, generating a profile of the method user comprising a plurality of subsets of the consolidated user data corresponding to a plurality of access levels, receiving a validation request from a third party source at an unknown user's request; assigning an access level to the validation request; requesting information from the unknown user, matching returned information from the unknown user to that in the subset of the consolidated user data corresponding to the assigned access level, and verifying to the third party source that the unknown user is the method user.

Rhodes; Hue (New York, NY)

2012-08-21

123

Narrating Career, Positioning Identity: Career Identity as a Narrative Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In contrast to traditional definitions of career identity as an individual construct, this article argues for a discursive approach to career identity as a narrative practice. Career identity is conceptualized as a practice of articulating, performing and negotiating identity positions in narrating career experiences. By using the concept of…

LaPointe, Kirsi

2010-01-01

124

Identity Theft Resource Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These days, persons who find themselves the victim of an identity theft have a number of resources they can draw on to deal with their predicament. In 1997, things were quite different, and at that time Linda Foley found herself victimized by this crime. Several years later, Linda founded the Identity Theft Resource Center, and since then the Center has been commended for its work by the Department of Justice and Senator Dianne Feinstein. From the Center’s homepage, visitors can access victim information guides, learn about recent (and some “classic”) consumer scams. A great deal of this information is tailored specifically for different audiences, such as law enforcement and children. One area that may be particularly helpful is the “In the Workplace” section. Here, visitors can learn how to avoid identity theft in the workplace, and also browse through a list of prevention tips.

125

Diasporas, Migration & Identities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Funded with substantial monies provided by the Arts and Humanities Research Council in the United Kingdom, the Diasporas, Migrations & Identities research programme is designed "to research, discuss and present issues related to diasporas and migration, and their past and present impact on subjectivity and identity, culture and the imagination, place and space, emotion, politics and sociality." While the programme is no longer actively funded, visitors can view the fruits of their academic labors on this site in the "Publications" area. Visitors to this section can view their annual reports and their working papers. Scholars and others can make their way through ten working papers, which include the titles "Here we go-but where? The possibilities of diaspora in the field of sport" and "London's Chinatown: Diaspora, Identity and Belonging". The site also contains a "Links" area, which contains a healthy selection of external links to other like-minded research institutes and centers.

126

Identities for generalized hypergeometric coefficients  

SciTech Connect

Generalizations of hypergeometric functions to arbitrarily many symmetric variables are discussed, along with their associated hypergeometric coefficients, and the setting within which these generalizations arose. Identities generalizing the Euler identity for {sub 2}F{sub 1}, the Saalschuetz identity, and two generalizations of the {sub 4}F{sub 3} Bailey identity, among others, are given. 16 refs.

Biedenharn, L.C.; Louck, J.D.

1991-01-01

127

Language and Identity in Kazakhstan  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the twentieth century the identity of Kazakhstan and the Kazakh people has been closely intertwined with the identity of Russia and the Russian people. Since Kazakhstan began to move toward sovereignty in the late 1980s, official republic documents relevant to language have reflected attempts to redefine republic and ethnic identity. This study traces the evolution of images of identity

William Fierman

1998-01-01

128

Student Teachers' Professional Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents the findings of a qualitative interview study of the professional identity of 45 student teachers. The students described their personal experiences in teaching their own subject and the positive and negative emotions that were evoked. Students emphasized failure or success but not what they had or had not learned. Broader…

Timostsuk, Inge; Ugaste, Aino

2010-01-01

129

Beyond Gender Identity?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on the continuing significance of gender identity as a category of analysis within the field of gender theory and research in education. I begin by considering contemporary discussions of the limitations of research relating to gender theory and research in education. Following on from this, I explore some contemporary…

Rasmussen, Mary Lou

2009-01-01

130

Gendered Avatar Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Gendered appearance in "World of Warcraft" is of particular interest because it seems to infiltrate interactions between individuals without serving a functional purpose within the game itself. It provides an opportunity to look at avatar choice in environments that have a primary purpose aside from existing as an arena for creating identity, and…

Woolums, Viola

2011-01-01

131

Language, Identity, and Exile  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The exilic mode of being, a living on boundary-lines, produces a constant relativization of one's home, one's culture, one's language, and one's self, through the acknowledgement of otherness. It is a homesickness without nostalgia, without the desire to return to the same, to be identical to oneself. The encounter with the other which produces a…

Erdinast-Vulcan, Daphna

2010-01-01

132

Women and Identity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An interdisciplinary course on women and identity for college-level women's studies instructors is presented. Materials for the course are taken from myth, psychology, sociology, feminism, art, and other disciplines. It is divided into seven units: sexuality, fertility, work and family, fear and envy, women's networks, individuality, and social…

Coleman, Ann; And Others

133

Dissociative Identity Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Few psychological disorders in the Diagnostic Statistical Manual have generated as much controversy as Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID). For the past 35 years diagnoses of DID, previously referred to as Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD), have increased exponentially, causing various psychological researchers and clinicians to question the…

Schmidt, Tom

2007-01-01

134

Constructing Vocational Identities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Four texts were analyzed using Burke's model for explicating dramatic experiences: Bennett's "Clayhanger," Lawrence's "The Rainbow," a biography of Elizabeth Barrett Browning, and Blythe's "Akenfield." Analysis shows how vocational exploration is a form of personal project during which individuals socially construct an identity. (SK)|

Phillips, Tom

1995-01-01

135

Identity, Ideology, and Malleability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Roel Meijer's edited volume fills massive gaps in the Western literature on Salafism, presenting a highly nuanced account of a diverse and internally divided religious identity movement while avoiding the opposing pitfalls of apologetics and polemics. Aside from the diversity of the movement, a key theme throughout the volume is the persistent malleability of Salafi ideology, which has major implications

Ryan Evans

2011-01-01

136

Discourses of Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This lecture discusses the concept of lifestyle, which emerged in the field of marketing in the 1970s, as a new, and increasingly pervasive, discourse of identity cutting through older "demographic" discourses. Distributed by mediated experts and role models, and realized through the semiotics of "composites of connotation", it redraws the…

Van Leeuwen, Theo

2009-01-01

137

Graduate Identity and Employability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper develops the concept of graduate identity as a way of deepening the understanding of graduate employability. It does this through presenting research in which over 100 employers in East Anglia were asked to record their perceptions of graduates in respect of their employability. The findings suggest a composite and complex graduate…

Hinchliffe, Geoffrey William; Jolly, Adrienne

2011-01-01

138

Sociological perspectives on identity formation: the culture–identity link and identity capital  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper lays the groundwork for understanding identity formation in an interdisciplinary fashion by addressing the problem of how culture and identity are interrelated. I attempt to resolve this problem by framing the “culture–identity link” with concepts representing three social-structural periods at three levels of analysis (the macro, micro, and psychological). The concept of “identity capital” is derived from this

JAMES E. CÔTÉ

1996-01-01

139

Why do trade costs vary?  

Microsoft Academic Search

As tariffs have fallen, it is apparent that trade costs are a significant obstacle to international trade and that they vary\\u000a from country to country. The gap between the cif and fob value of a trade flow is a useful measure of aggregate trade costs,\\u000a but only if the measure is based on a consistent volume of trade; mirror statistics

Richard Pomfret; Patricia Sourdin

2010-01-01

140

Vocational Identity Development: Its Relationship to Other Identity Domains and to Overall Identity Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines age-related trends in general ideological identity status and identity in the domains of vocation, religion, lifestyle, and politics during early adolescence and relationships between adolescent vocational identity and identities in the other domains. A cross-sectional study of 1,099 high school students in Grades 7 through 12 revealed a developmental progression in adolescent vocational identity characterized by an

Vladimir Skorikov; Fred W. Vondracek

1998-01-01

141

Identity Transfer and Identity Restoration in Facial Allotransplantation  

PubMed Central

Objective: Facial allotransplantation is fast becoming a reconstructive option for severely disfigured individuals, but it is still in experimental stage. Facial allotransplantation will be considered fully ethical only when it addresses the recipient's identity concerns. There exist no such studies that quantify and predict identity changes following change in geometry of underlying facial skeleton and overlying soft tissue morphology. I objectively address these identity concerns in the present study. Methods: Using software (Mimics version 14.0, Materialise, Plymouth, Michigan), I developed 3-dimensional facial models from the computed tomographic images of 4 identical and 1 nonidentical twin pairs. On the basis of cranial base anatomy, 3-dimensional coordinate values of selected landmark locations were measured (Surgicase, Materialise, Plymouth, Michigan) and a morphometric method was applied to quantify identity differences between them. Identity parameters were drawn on a diagrammatic chart that depicted the biophysical identity range. Using software (Mimics version 14.0), facial allotransplant simulation was done involving most of the nasal bone, maxilla, and zygoma. Morphological parameters of resulting new identity were drawn on diagrammatic chart and if they fell within the chart, facial allotransplantation resulted in identity transfer. Moreover, a scale was used to quantify identity transfer and identity restoration resulting from facial allotransplantation. Results: Identity changes of facial allotransplantation are objectively quantified that can be used as a communication tool in consent taking process. Conclusion: My findings suggest that donor facial allograft may be identified on the recipient's face depending upon underlying craniofacial morphology and accordingly, identity changes can be suitably predicted.

Modgil, Ajay

2011-01-01

142

Self and Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The above quote is from a girl who was asked what she likes about being African American. Although she is aware of the negative\\u000a media portrayal of her race, she strongly identifies with being African American and has a strong emotional attachment to\\u000a Black people. In this chapter, several aspects of the self, including racial or ethnic identity, gender roles,

Faye Z. Belgrave

143

Identity-Based Broadcasting  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In this paper, we introduce a new concept called “Identity-Based Broadcasting Encryption” (IBBE), which can be applied to\\u000a dynamic key management in secure broadcasting. Based on this new concept, in the proposed system a broadcaster can dynamically add or remove a user to or from the receiver group without any involvement of users. We classify our systems into three different

Yi Mu; Willy Susilo; Yan-xia Lin

2003-01-01

144

Korrespondenz und Corporate Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Wally Olins schreibt in seinem Buch Corporate Identity: „Alles, was die Organisation tut, muss ihre Identität bekräftigen.\\u000a Die Produkte, die das Unternehmen herstellt oder verkauft, müssen seine Normen und Werte vermitteln. Die Gebäude, in denen\\u000a es Leistung erbringt und anbietet […], ihr Standort […] sind allesamt Ausdruck der Identität. Das Kommunikationsmaterial der\\u000a Firma, von der Werbung bis hin zur Bedienungsanleitung,

Wolf Scholz

145

Does Everyone Have a Musical Identity?: Reflections on "Musical Identities"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The book, "Musical Identities" (Raymond MacDonald, David Hargreaves, Dorothy Miell, eds.; Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2002) consists of 11 essays on the psychology of music. The editors divided the essays into two groups: those on developing musical identities ("identities in music" involving recognizable social and cultural…

Gracyk, Theodore

2004-01-01

146

Influence of National Sport Team Identity on National Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the research was to elaborate on the relationship between sport national team identity and national identity. The relationship has been documented anecdotally and in other areas of study, most notably in sport sociology (Bairner, 2001). There has been no research in sport management, however, addressing how national sport team identity may influence or contribute to the formation

Dusko Bogdanov

2011-01-01

147

Does Everyone Have a Musical Identity?: Reflections on "Musical Identities"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The book, "Musical Identities" (Raymond MacDonald, David Hargreaves, Dorothy Miell, eds.; Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2002) consists of 11 essays on the psychology of music. The editors divided the essays into two groups: those on developing musical identities ("identities in music" involving recognizable social and cultural…

Gracyk, Theodore

2004-01-01

148

Identity Status and Identity Style: A Replication Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Initial teacher preparation students (n=74) completed Extended Objective Measure of Ego Identity Status (EOM-EIS) and Identity Style. Factor analysis using all EOM-EIS subscales and four Identity Style subscales yielded five factors that explained 76% of variability in correlation matrix. Findings support theoretical speculation concerning process…

Streitmatter, Janice

1993-01-01

149

Reference Group Identity Dependence Scale: A Measure of Male Identity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Develops a measure of male identity based on Wade's theory of Male Reference Group Identity Dependence. The Reference Group Identity Dependence Scale (RGIDS) assesses feelings of psychological relatedness to other males. Undergraduate males (N=344) completed the RGIDS. Discusses findings in terms of implications for the theory and future research…

Wade, Jay C.; Gelso, Charles J.

1998-01-01

150

Engineering Ethics and Identity: Emerging Initiatives in Comparative Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes and accounts for variable interests in engineering ethics in France, Germany, and Japan by locating\\u000a recent initiatives in relation to the evolving identities of engineers. A key issue in ethics education for engineers concerns\\u000a the relationship between the identity of the engineer and the responsibilities of engineering work. This relationship has\\u000a varied significantly over time and from

Gary Lee Downey; Juan C. Lucena; Carl Mitcham

2007-01-01

151

Online Identities and Social Networking  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Online identities play a critical role in the social web that is taking shape on the Internet. Despite many technical proposals\\u000a for creating and managing online identities, none has received widespread acceptance. Design and implementation of online\\u000a identities that are socially acceptable on the Internet remains an open problem. This chapter discusses the interplay between\\u000a online identities and social networking.

Muthucumaru Maheswaran; Bader Ali; Hatice Ozguven; Julien Lord

2010-01-01

152

Gender Identity Disorder in Girls  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding gender identity disorder first requires an explication of what is meant by gender identity. As a psychological construct, gender identity has been\\u000a conceptualized with respect to both cognitive and affective parameters. At the cognitive level, gender identity has been defined\\u000a as the child's ability to accurately discriminate females from males and then to identify her or his own gender

Kenneth J. Zucker

153

Identity Formation During Early Adolescence  

Microsoft Academic Search

A special issue of the Journal of Early Adolescence has been prepared to address theoretical and research issues concerning identity formation during early adolescence. The issue has been designed to help direct and stimulate interest in research on identity formation during early adolescence. In these introductory comments the major tenets of Erikson's psychosocial theory of identity formation are outlined, the

Gerald R. Adams; Raymond Montemayor

1983-01-01

154

Identity Education in Multicultural Germany.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Addresses conditions of identity education in Germany within the framework of multicultural education. Particular focus is on the interaction theory of Krappmann (1971), which provides a framework for dealing with the necessities of identity education for migrant and German students. The importance of identity education for migrant students and…

Luchtenberg, Sigrid

1998-01-01

155

Social Identity: A Multidimensional Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study salience, importance, and multidimensional aspects of spontaneous social identities were examined. A Social Identity Survey was developed and administered to an ethnically diverse sample of American undergraduate students. Freely generated, social identities were rank ordered for importance and rated along four conceptually-derived dimensions: emotion, evaluation, importance, and stability. Results showed pattern differences among three groups of highly

Raymond T. Garza; Lawrence G. Herringer

1987-01-01

156

ETHNIC IDENTITY IN JEWISH FAMILIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Forty-eight Jewish families living in Central New York were interviewed about the development of their ethnic identity. Within each family, parents and children were asked about how they developed their ethnic identity to explore qualitatively how Jewish identity shapes and influences family dynamics. The semi-structured family interviews were coded using a constant comparison methodology. Seven qualita- tive categories emerged (gendered

Maureen Davey; Linda Stone Fish; Mihaela Robila

2001-01-01

157

Ethnic Identity in Jewish Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

Forty-eight Jewish families living in Central New York were interviewed about the development of their ethnic identity. Within each family, parents and children were asked about how they developed their ethnic identity to explore qualitatively how Jewish identity shapes and influences family dynamics. The semi-structured family interviews were coded using a constant comparison methodology. Seven qualitative categories emerged (gendered decisions,

Maureen Davey; LindaStone Fish; Mihaela Robila

2001-01-01

158

Identity Development and Multicultural Competency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the relationship of identity development, measured by the Self-identity Inventory (SII), and universal-diverse orientation (UDO) to multicultural counseling competence. After controlling for personal identity variables, multicultural coursework and training, and social desirability, multiple regression analyses indicated…

Munley, Patrick H.; Lidderdale, Melissa A.; Thiagarajan, Monica; Null, Ursla

2004-01-01

159

Identity: articulating cybernetics and sociology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To establish the concept of identity as the bridging concept of cybernetics and sociology. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The approach is a pincers movement. On the one hand, it is argued that there has been a move towards an identity society; identity is a foundational concept for an understanding of contemporary society. On the other hand, the paper argues that

Paul A. Stokes

2006-01-01

160

Exploration of Jewish Ethnic Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Despite a growing amount of research on the topic of ethnic identity, Jews, and the important aspects of a Jewish identity, have not been included in the multicultural and psychological literature. Using consensual qualitative research (C. E. Hill et al., 2005), the authors sought to gain an understanding of Jewish ethnic identity in 10 American…

Altman, Abby N.; Inman, Arpana G.; Fine, Stephanie G.; Ritter, Hollie A.; Howard, Erin E.

2010-01-01

161

Ego Development and Black Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship of ego development and Black identity formation was explored in thirty Black male and thirty Black female college students. The subjects were administered the Washington University Sentence Completion Test and the Racial Identity Attitude Scale. A significant inverse relationship was found between ego development and Black identity. This suggests that if an individual has strong ego, he or

Jacqueline Looney

1988-01-01

162

Identity as a Mathematical Thinker  

Microsoft Academic Search

I argue in this article that identity as a mathematical thinker develops through self- directed learning within a supportive community of practice. The dynamic nature of identity as a mathematical thinker is illustrated by considering the experiences of primary pre-service teachers who undertook a mathematics and technology subject in their undergraduate education degree. The pre-service teachers developed their identity as

Kay Owens

2008-01-01

163

Mass varying neutrinos in supernovae  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study the consequences on the neutrino oscillation parameter space, mixing angle (tan?2?), and vacuum mass difference (?m02) when mass varying neutrino (MaVaN) models are assumed in a supernova environment. We consider electronic to sterile channels ?e??s and ?¯e??¯s in two-flavor scenario. In a given model of MaVaN mechanism, we induce a position-dependent effective mass difference, ?m˜2(r), where r is the distance from the supernova core, that changes the neutrino and antineutrino flavor conversion probabilities. We study the constraints on the mixing angle and vacuum mass difference coming from r-process and the SN1987A data. Our result is the appearance of a new exclusion region for very small mixing angles, tan?2?=10-6-10-2, and small vacuum mass difference, ?m02=1-20eV2, due the MaVaN mechanism.

Rossi-Torres, F.; Guzzo, M. M.; de Holanda, P. C.; Peres, O. L. G.

2011-09-01

164

Identity transfer and identity restoration in facial allotransplantation.  

PubMed

Objective: Facial allotransplantation is fast becoming a reconstructive option for severely disfigured individuals, but it is still in experimental stage. Facial allotransplantation will be considered fully ethical only when it addresses the recipient's identity concerns. There exist no such studies that quantify and predict identity changes following change in geometry of underlying facial skeleton and overlying soft tissue morphology. I objectively address these identity concerns in the present study. Methods: Using software (Mimics version 14.0, Materialise, Plymouth, Michigan), I developed 3-dimensional facial models from the computed tomographic images of 4 identical and 1 nonidentical twin pairs. On the basis of cranial base anatomy, 3-dimensional coordinate values of selected landmark locations were measured (Surgicase, Materialise, Plymouth, Michigan) and a morphometric method was applied to quantify identity differences between them. Identity parameters were drawn on a diagrammatic chart that depicted the biophysical identity range. Using software (Mimics version 14.0), facial allotransplant simulation was done involving most of the nasal bone, maxilla, and zygoma. Morphological parameters of resulting new identity were drawn on diagrammatic chart and if they fell within the chart, facial allotransplantation resulted in identity transfer. Moreover, a scale was used to quantify identity transfer and identity restoration resulting from facial allotransplantation. Results: Identity changes of facial allotransplantation are objectively quantified that can be used as a communication tool in consent taking process. Conclusion: My findings suggest that donor facial allograft may be identified on the recipient's face depending upon underlying craniofacial morphology and accordingly, identity changes can be suitably predicted. PMID:21559317

Modgil, Ajay

2011-04-29

165

Breathing patterns during varied activities.  

PubMed

The level of ventilation attained and breathing patterns adopted during activity have important implications for the distribution and deposition of particles that are inhaled. However, breathing patterns and levels of ventilation adopted during specific physical activities are unknown. We used a noninvasive means of measuring ventilation in subjects performing a variety of activities (bicycling, arm ergometry, lifting, and pulling) during unencumbered (no mouthpiece) breathing and while breathing through a mouthpiece. Minute ventilation (VE), tidal volume (VT), inspiratory time (TI), and total breathing cycle time (TT) were measured initially both spirometrically and from body surface displacements. When a mouthpiece was used, VE and breathing patterns were significantly altered during all activities such that VE, VT, and TT increased by 16, 34, and 20%, respectively. This mouthpiece effect was attenuated at the higher levels of VE. A task dependency of breathing pattern was also noted such that there was much greater variability of VT and TI for a given VE during the lifting activity compared with bicycling (coefficient of variation for VT of 0.39 +/- 0.09 vs. 0.20 +/- 0.07, P less than 0.01; and for TI of 0.38 +/- 0.08 vs. 0.21 +/- 0.08, P less than 0.01). We conclude that a mouthpiece significantly alters breathing pattern during varied types and intensities of activities, and breathing patterns may differ significantly from one activity to another. When the total dose of particulates inhaled in the lung are assessed, the mouthpiece effect and activity effect on breathing pattern must be considered. PMID:1400052

Paek, D; McCool, F D

1992-09-01

166

Eudaimonic Identity Theory: Identity as Self-Discovery  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Work on eudaimonistic identity theory began in an effort to answer the question: How is an individual trying to answer identity-related\\u000a questions to know which of the many identity alternatives available is the “better” choice to make? Central to eudaimonistic\\u000a philosophy is the construct of the daimon or “true self,” those potentials of each individual that represent the best that

Alan S. Waterman

167

Identities and Identity Transformations Among Persons with HIV Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing on a pendulum model of identity transformation (i.e. viewing identity as a fluid, dual-directional construct), the processes by which a mostly gay sample of persons with HIV disease develop and adopt HIV-related identities is examined. Through in-depth interviews with 63 persons living with HIV disease in Kentucky, Ohio, and Indiana, individual experiences and responses to illness are explored. Recognition

Richard Tewksbury; Deanna McGaughey

1998-01-01

168

Identity: Quarrelling with an Unproblematic Notion.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A progressive series of questions about identity is answered. The questions, and where possible answers, are: are there genuine questions of identity (yes); why can there be problems of identity if identity is such a simple and unproblematic relation; how...

J. Vanleeuwen

1993-01-01

169

The Development of Sexual Identity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines traditional sexual orientation theories, cultural understandings of sexuality, and the emergence of queer theory. Discusses how sexual identity can open new learning pathways for adults. (SK)|

Edwards, Kathleen; Brooks, Ann K.

1999-01-01

170

Consuming KitchensTaste, context and identity formation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role that consumption might play in processes of identity formation has been subject to much recent sociological debate. This article explores four principles of kitchen consumption orientations that were described by three groups (differentiated by levels of economic and cultural resources) who live in an English new town. The varying meanings applied to kitchen usage are also explored. It

Dale Southerton

2001-01-01

171

Ecstasy use among college undergraduates: gender, race and sexual identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined a random sample (N = 3606) of undergraduates at one large midwestern university and explored correlates of ecstasy use and how use varied by gender, race, and sexual identity. Approximately 10% of the sample used ecstasy in their lifetime; 7% had used within the past year and 3% within the past month. Ecstasy was the second most likely

Carol J. Boyd; Sean Esteban McCabe; Hannah d'Arcy

2003-01-01

172

Blessed Complexities, Cursed Confusions: Identity Conflicts of Multilingual Persons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|People have enough trouble defining themselves and determining what they want in life when they operate within a single language and culture, but the job gets trickier when they live in a world of multiple lexicons, grammars, histories, cultures, audiences and social systems, where identity and perceptions vary by language context. This paper…

O'Herin, Julie

2007-01-01

173

Ethnic identity and psychological adjustment in multiethnic college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

An increasing amount of attention is being paid to the growing multiethnic (also known as interracial or biracial) population of the United States, and social scientists have been exploring the psychological functioning of multiethnic people. Recent studies vary widely, showing that multiethnic people may have psychological functioning that is inferior, equal, or superior to their monoethnic peers. Ethnic identity has

Brenda Marie Sparrold

2003-01-01

174

Distancing oneself from a poor season: Divestment of athletic identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Athletes can experience loss in the form of chronic competitive failure, deselection, injury, and sport career termination. Reactions to these losses may affect and be affected by athletes' self-identity. Although the self has generally been conceptualized as stable in sport-related research, there are compelling theoretical and empirical reasons to expect that aspects of the self may vary across sport situations.

Britton W. Brewer; Christine L. Selby; Darwyn E. Under; Albert J. Petttpas

1999-01-01

175

Evidence Directed Generation of Plausible Crime Scenarios with Identity Resolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given a set of collected evidence and a predefined knowledge base, some existing knowledge-based approaches have the capability of synthesizing plausible crime scenarios under restrictive conditions. However, significant challenges arise for problems where the degree of precision of available intelligence data can vary greatly, often involving vague and uncertain information. Also, the issue of identity disambiguation gives rise to another

Xin Fu; Tossapon Boongoen; Qiang Shen

2010-01-01

176

Social Identity Change: Shifts in Social Identity during Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the proposition that adolescence involves significant shifts in social identity as a function of changes in social context and cognitive style. Using an experimental design, we primed either peer or gender identity with a sample of 380 early- (12-13 years), mid- (15-16 years), and late-adolescents (18-20 years) and then…

Tanti, Chris; Stukas, Arthur A.; Halloran, Michael J.; Foddy, Margaret

2011-01-01

177

Threading "Stitches" to Approach Gender Identity, Sexual Identity, and Difference  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As LGBTQI (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer/questioning, and intersex) issues become increasingly integrated into multicultural education discourses, we as educators need to examine the implications of our pedagogies for teaching about gender and sexual identities. This article explores my teaching of non-conforming gender identities in…

North, Connie E.

2010-01-01

178

Men as Victims: "Victim" Identities, Gay Identities, and Masculinities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact and meanings of homophobic violence on gay men's identities are explored with a particular focus on their identities as men and as gay men. Homosexuality can pose a challenge to conventional masculinities, and for some gay men, being victimized on account of sexual orientation reawakens conflicts about their masculinity that they…

Dunn, Peter

2012-01-01

179

Men as Victims: "Victim" Identities, Gay Identities, and Masculinities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The impact and meanings of homophobic violence on gay men's identities are explored with a particular focus on their identities as men and as gay men. Homosexuality can pose a challenge to conventional masculinities, and for some gay men, being victimized on account of sexual orientation reawakens conflicts about their masculinity that they…

Dunn, Peter

2012-01-01

180

Threading Stitches to Approach Gender Identity, Sexual Identity, and Difference  

Microsoft Academic Search

As LGBTQI (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer\\/questioning, and intersex) issues become increasingly integrated into multicultural education discourses, we as educators need to examine the implications of our pedagogies for teaching about gender and sexual identities. This article explores my teaching of non-conforming gender identities in a social studies methods course via young adult literature, particularly Glen Huser's (2003) Stitches. I

Connie E. North

2010-01-01

181

Narrating and Performing Identity: Literacy Specialists' Writing Identities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, we explored ways that four literacy specialists who worked in three schools that were part of one state's Reading Excellence Act (REA) grant constructed their identities as writers and as teachers of writing. We also explored how they negotiated the performance of those identities in different contexts over a two-year period.…

McKinney, Marilyn; Giorgis, Cyndi

2009-01-01

182

Teacher Educator Identity Emerging from Identity as a Person  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Experience is fundamental in identity development. In research, concepts and issues around identity are shaped and confronted in moments of reflection. The act of reflection requires a backward attention to engender a present understanding and create future possibilities. Kim and Greene, and Young and Erickson capture this temporal aspect of…

Murphy, M. Shaun; Pinnegar, Stefinee

2011-01-01

183

High School Identity Climate and Student Identity Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research investigated whether schools characterized by high school students as being rich in identity promoting features contribute to student identity development. A theoretical model posited that student perceptions of teachers as caring role models and their school as cultivating the whole student will foster student exploration and…

Rich, Yisrael; Schachter, Elli P.

2012-01-01

184

Social Identity Change: Shifts in Social Identity during Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the proposition that adolescence involves significant shifts in social identity as a function of changes in social context and cognitive style. Using an experimental design, we primed either peer or gender identity with a sample of 380 early- (12-13 years), mid- (15-16 years), and late-adolescents (18-20 years) and then…

Tanti, Chris; Stukas, Arthur A.; Halloran, Michael J.; Foddy, Margaret

2011-01-01

185

Teacher Investment in Learner Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|From a sociocultural perspective, teacher identity is constructed in relation to others, including other teachers and students. Drawing on positioning theory and the concept of investment, this study analyzed the case of a secondary English teacher who negotiated his teacher identity in relation to English language learners (ELLs). Findings…

Reeves, Jenelle

2009-01-01

186

Identity Formation: Discovery or Creation?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The contrasting metaphors of discovery and creation are proposed here as alternative ways of understanding the nature of the task of identity formation. These two metaphors are related to the philosophies of eudaimonisn and existentialism, respectively. The processes of discovery and creation are shown to have distinctive theoretical implications regarding (a) the sources of identity elements, (b) the methods used

Alan S. Waterman

1984-01-01

187

Nonlocal-symmetry Ward identities  

SciTech Connect

We derive and discuss Ward identities associated with the nonlocal symmetry found in certain two-dimensional field theories. We show the identities are satisfied by the fermion propagator in the presence of the dynamical mass generation occurring in the O(N) Gross-Neveu model as N..-->..infinity.

Curtright, T.L.; Zachos, C.K.

1981-11-15

188

Identity Options in Russian Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article introduces a new analytical approach to the study of identity options offered in foreign and second language textbooks. This approach, grounded in poststructuralist theory and critical discourse analysis, is applied to 2 popular beginning Russian textbooks. Two sets of identity options are examined in the study: imagined learners…

Shardakova, Marya; Pavlenko, Aneta

2004-01-01

189

Alters in dissociative identity disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

How should the different identities (i.e., alters) that are thought to be typical for dissociative identity disorder (DID) be interpreted? Are they just metaphors for different emotional states or are they truly autonomous entities that are capable of willful action? This issue is important because it has implications for the way in which courts may handle cases that involve DID

Harald Merckelbach; Grant J. Devilly; Eric Rassin

2002-01-01

190

Fibonacci Identities, Matrices, and Graphs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|General strategies used to help discover, prove, and generalize identities for Fibonacci numbers are described along with some properties about the determinants of square matrices. A matrix proof for identity (2) that has received immense attention from many branches of mathematics, like linear algebra, dynamical systems, graph theory and others…

Huang, Danrun

2005-01-01

191

Palestinian Children Crafting National Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the formulation of national identity in Palestinian children by exploring their understanding of its paradoxes. Twelve Palestinian children were interviewed from cities, villages and refugee camps in the West Bank. The children express the multiple dimensions of national identity in terms of self and other; however these expressions are fragmented in nature. Furthermore, the findings indicate that

Janette Habashi

2008-01-01

192

Palestinian Children Crafting National Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines the formulation of national identity in Palestinian children by exploring their understanding of its paradoxes. Twelve Palestinian children were interviewed from cities, villages and refugee camps in the West Bank. The children express the multiple dimensions of national identity in terms of "self" and "other"; however these…

Habashi, Janette

2008-01-01

193

Gender identity development in adolescence.  

PubMed

This article is part of a Special Issue "Puberty and Adolescence".This article aims to provide an outline of what is currently known on trajectories, and contributing factors to gender identity development in adolescence. We give a historical overview of the concept of gender identity, and describe general identity development in adolescence, gender identity development in the general population and in gender variant youth. Possible psychosocial (such as child and parental characteristics) and biological factors (such as the effects of prenatal exposure to gonadal hormones and the role of genetics) contributing to a gender variant identity are discussed. Studies focusing on a number of psychosocial and biological factors separately, indicate that each of these factors influence gender identity formation, but little is known about the complex interplay between the factors, nor about the way individuals themselves contribute to the process. Research into normative and gender variant identity development of adolescents is clearly lagging behind. However, studies on persons with gender dysphoria and disorders of sex development, show that the period of adolescence, with its changing social environment and the onset of physical puberty, seems to be crucial for the development of a non-normative gender identity. PMID:23998673

Steensma, Thomas D; Kreukels, Baudewijntje P C; de Vries, Annelou L C; Cohen-Kettenis, Peggy T

2013-07-01

194

PERSONS, IDENTITIES, AND SOCIAL INTERACTION  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT In this paper we hope to advance the general theory of social interaction. We bring together symbolic and sign processes in the context of an elaborated identity theory that relates social situations of interaction to social systems of interaction. Situations contain persons with their histories and unique identity sets, pursuing simultaneous and sometimes conflicting definitions, goals, and agendas. Systems

Lee Freese; Peter J. Burke

195

Naxi Intellectuals and Ethnic Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the role of Naxi intellectuals in the ethnic identity resurgence of the Naxi since the 1980s in China. The article illustrates 3 aspects of Naxi intellectuals' approach to the identity construction of the Naxi: researching the Naxi, engaging in cultural activities and exhibitions, and teaching the Naxi culture to the younger…

Haibo, Yu

2009-01-01

196

Host Identity Protocol - Extended Abstract  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the current Internet, hosts are identified using IP addresses that depend on the topological location of the hosts. In other words, the IP addresses are semantically overloaded since they identify both hosts and topological locations. The Host Identity Protocol (HIP) introduces a way of separating the location and host identity information. It introduces a new namespace, cryptographic in nature,

Petri Jokela; Pekka Nikander; Jan Melen; Jukka Ylitalo; Jorma Wall

197

Fibonacci numbers and trigonometric identities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Webb & Parberry proved in 1969 a startling trigonometric iden- tity involving Fibonacci numbers. This identity has remained isolated up to now, despite the amount of work on related polynomials. We provide a wide generalization of this identity together with what we believe (and hope!) to be its proper understanding.

N. Garnier; O. Ramare

2006-01-01

198

Threatened identities and interethnic interactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter adopts a social identity threat perspective to examine dynamics of interethnic interactions. We first review relevant literature regarding the conditions under which both White and ethnic minority individuals are likely to experience social identity threat within the specific context of interethnic interactions. We focus on the threat of being perceived as stereotypical of one's ethnic group, considering situation-

J. Nicole Shelton; Jennifer A. Richeson; Jacquie D. Vorauer

2006-01-01

199

How geography shapes National Identities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Geography is an intrinsic part of national identities, and the contributions to this journal have reflected this throughout its existence. In this essay, we discuss how geography has shaped National Identities in particular ways. Several of the journal's articles have examined how would-be nationalists form a geographical image of the prospective nation in order to make it real or how

David H. Kaplan; Guntram H. Herb

2011-01-01

200

Promoting Identity Development in Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

A model of identity formation based on the cognitive developmental stages of social-perspective taking is described. The model assumes that identity can be achieved through cognitive strategies of considering the self in relation to one friend, one's family, the peer group, and society. A study with high school students was undertaken to test the model. The program included 43 high

Robert D. Enright; Diane M. Ganiere; Ray R. Buss; Daniel K. Lapsley; Leanne Marzocco Olson

1983-01-01

201

Adaptive Regression and Ego Identity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students (n=71) completed inventory of adaptively regressive experiences and Identity Status Interview. Found that Moratorium status students (actively engaged in identity formation) showed greater disposition to adaptive regression than did individuals in other statuses. Findings support view that adaptive regression may serve function in…

Bilsker, Dan; Marcia, James E.

1991-01-01

202

Developing identities in music education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The notion of ‘musical identities’ may help us to understand the origins of the ‘problem of secondary school music’, which seems to be particularly acute in the English secondary school. Pupils' musical identities are strongly bound up with the importance of pop music outside school, and the distinction between ‘music in school’ and ‘music outside school’ may be very significant

David J. Hargreaves; Nigel A. Marshall

2003-01-01

203

National identity and the 'other'  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the role of others in the (re-)definition of national identity. A brief review of dominant theories of nationalism shows that the existence of the 'other' is an implicit assumption made by most scholars. Nevertheless, the relationship between the nation and the other remains largely unexplored. However, national identity is defined not only from within, namely from the

Anna Triandafyllidou

1998-01-01

204

When Is Identity Congruent with the Self? A Self-Determination Theory Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Within the identity literature, self and identity are often used as interchangeable terms. In contrast, in self-determination\\u000a theory (SDT; Ryan & Deci, 2003) both terms have a differentiated meaning and it is maintained that identities may vary in\\u000a the extent to which they are congruent with the basic growth tendencies of the self that are fueled by the basic psychological

Bart Soenens; Maarten Vansteenkiste

205

Psychotherapists' spiritual, religious, atheist or agnostic identity and their practice of psychotherapy: A grounded theory study  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this present grounded theory study, 16 experienced psychologists, who practiced from varied theoretical orientations and came from diverse religious\\/spiritual\\/nonreligious backgrounds, explored their personal religious\\/spiritual\\/nonreligious identity development journeys, their experiences with clients' religious\\/spiritual content in psychotherapy sessions, and how their identity may have influenced the way they interacted with religious\\/spiritual material during sessions. Results revealed that psychologists' spiritual\\/religious\\/nonreligious identity is

Danielle Magaldi-Dopman; Jennie Park-Taylor; Joseph G. Ponterotto

2011-01-01

206

Coming to an Asexual Identity: Negotiating Identity, Negotiating Desire.  

PubMed

Sexuality is generally considered an important aspect of self-hood. Therefore, individuals who do not experience sexual attraction, and embrace an asexual identity are in a unique position to inform the social construction of sexuality. This study explores the experiences of asexual individuals utilizing open ended Internet survey data from 102 self-identified asexual people. In this paper I describe several distinct aspects of asexual identities: the meanings of sexual, and therefore, asexual behaviors, essentialist characterizations of asexuality, and lastly, interest in romance as a distinct dimension of sexuality. These findings have implications not only for asexual identities, but also for the connections of asexuality with other marginalized sexualities. PMID:20593009

Scherrer, Kristin S

2008-10-01

207

Coming to an Asexual Identity: Negotiating Identity, Negotiating Desire  

PubMed Central

Sexuality is generally considered an important aspect of self-hood. Therefore, individuals who do not experience sexual attraction, and embrace an asexual identity are in a unique position to inform the social construction of sexuality. This study explores the experiences of asexual individuals utilizing open ended Internet survey data from 102 self-identified asexual people. In this paper I describe several distinct aspects of asexual identities: the meanings of sexual, and therefore, asexual behaviors, essentialist characterizations of asexuality, and lastly, interest in romance as a distinct dimension of sexuality. These findings have implications not only for asexual identities, but also for the connections of asexuality with other marginalized sexualities.

Scherrer, Kristin S.

2010-01-01

208

Constructing identities of “difference” and “resistance”: the politics of being Muslim and British  

Microsoft Academic Search

A number of existing academic researches exploring experiences and attitudes amongst the UK's Muslim population have highlighted the varied forms of discrimination encountered as a ‘‘fact of life’’ of minorities in contemporary Britain. The combination of prejudice, discrimination and exclusion appears to have heightened emphatic self-definitions of religious identity, often ruling out any proximity to being British. An ‘‘identity of

Mohammad Siddique Seddon

2010-01-01

209

The Relationship between Processing Facial Identity and Emotional Expression in 8-Month-Old Infants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In Experiment 1, it was investigated whether infants process facial identity and emotional expression independently or in conjunction with one another. Eight-month-old infants were habituated to two upright or two inverted faces varying in facial identity and emotional expression. Infants were tested with a habituation face, a switch face, and a…

Schwarzer, Gudrun; Jovanovic, Bianca

2010-01-01

210

Airlines as instruments for nation building and national identity: case study of Malaysia and Singapore  

Microsoft Academic Search

For many countries, the national carrier has played a significant role in nation building and national identity. Historically, airlines have been regarded as important national symbols and they have been used by governments as ‘chosen instruments’ for projecting their countries internationally. This paper examines the varying ways in which airlines have served to promote nation building and national identity in

K. Raguraman

1997-01-01

211

Identity and Intimacy during Adolescence: Connections among Identity Styles, Romantic Attachment and Identity Commitment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Integration of adult attachment and psychosocial development theories suggests that adolescence is a time when capacities for romantic intimacy and identity formation are co-evolving. The current study addressed direct, indirect and moderated associations among identity and romantic attachment constructs with a diverse sample of 2178 middle…

Kerpelman, Jennifer L.; Pittman, Joe F.; Cadely, Hans Saint-Eloi; Tuggle, Felicia J.; Harrell-Levy, Marinda K.; Adler-Baeder, Francesca M.

2012-01-01

212

Extended Identity for Social Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nowadays we are experiencing the consolidation of social networks (SN). Although there are trends trying to integrate SN platforms. they remain as data silos between each other. Information can't be exchanged between them. In some cases, it would be desirable to connect this scattered information, in order to build a distributed identity. This contribution proposes an architecture for distributed social networking. Based on distributed user-centric identity, our proposal extends it by attaching user information. It also bridges the gap between distributed identity and distributed publishing capabilities.

Tapiador, Antonio; Fumero, Antonio; Salvachúa, Joaquín

213

Gender identity in XY intersexuality.  

PubMed

The following syndromes of XY intersexuality are reviewed: 5alpha-reductase-2 deficiency, 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase-3 deficiency, and complete and partial androgen insensitivity with attention focused on issues of gender identity. Each syndrome, with its unique presentation, provides an opportunity to explore the relative effects of nature (androgens) versus nurture (sex of rearing) in gender identity development. The phenomenon of gender role reversal in these conditions is described and theories on the determinants of gender identity formation are proposed. Issues of importance to psychiatrists in treating patients who have these conditions also are discussed. PMID:15183376

Sobel, Vivian; Imperato-McGinley, Julianne

2004-07-01

214

Toward a Process Model of Identity Formation  

Microsoft Academic Search

A process model for conceptualizing identity formation that is developmental, contextual, and life-span in scope is proposed. The framework is consistent with an Eriksonian approach to identity but focuses more specifically on the process of identity exploration. The framework consists of four major components: individual characteristics brought to bear on the identity process, contexts of development, the identity process in

Harold D. Grotevant

1987-01-01

215

Chicana Identity Construction: Pushing the Boundaries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identity concepts that Chicana feminists have described as central to their developmental experience are not reflected in the traditional views of identity, feminist accounts of women's identity, or ethnic identity theory. Chicana feminist Gloria Anzaldua initially postulated that in the straddling of two cultures, a hybrid or mestiza identity is…

Vera, Helen; De Los Santos, Esmeralda

2005-01-01

216

Looking for Daisy: Constructing Teacher Identities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research on teacher identities is both important and increasing. In this forum contribution I re-interpret assertions about an African American science teacher's identities in terms of Jonathon Turner's ("2002") constructs of role identity and sub-identity. I contest the notion of renegotiation of identities, suggesting that particular role…

Ritchie, Stephen M.

2009-01-01

217

Effect of test meals of varying dietary fiber content on plasma insulin and glucose response1  

Microsoft Academic Search

To assess the effect of dietary fiber on glucose tolerance four different meals of varying fiber content but identical protein fat and carbohydrate content were fed to eight healthy men aged 22 to 45. Each meal provided 75 g of carbohydrate as liquid glucose formula, as brown rice, pinto beans, or All Bran. The mean plasma glucose and insulin responses

Joan G. Potter; Kathryn P. Coffman; Robert L. Reid; John M. Krall; Margaret J. Albrink

218

Digital Identity - The Legal Person?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper examines the concept of digital identity which the author asserts is now evident in the United Kingdom as a consequence of the Identity Cards Act (UK) 2006 and the National Identity Scheme it establishes. The nature and functions of the concept, particularly the set of information which constitutes an individual’s transactional identity, are examined. The paper then considers the central question of who, or what, is the legal person in a transaction i.e. who or what enters into legal relations. The analysis presents some intriguing results which were almost certainly not envisaged by the legislature. The implications extend beyond the United Kingdom to similar schemes in other jurisdictions, and to countries, like Australia, which may implement such a scheme.

Sullivan, Clare

219

Sustainable Walkability and Place Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The sustainability of a place depends on a series of factors which contribute to the quality of life, sense of place and recognition of identity. An activity like walking, which in itself is obviously \\

Marichela Sepe

2007-01-01

220

Integral Identities for Random Variables.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Using a general method for deriving identities for random variables, the author finds a number of new results involving characteristic functions and generating functions. The method is simply to promote a parameter in an integral relation to the status of...

E. B. Rockower

1986-01-01

221

Identity verification (authentication) working group  

Microsoft Academic Search

Every reader of this report has at some time verified his or her identity to a computer system. Entry of a userid and password in response to computer prompting is the almost universal model for this simple but essential act.

Tom Berson; P. Capek; J. Schweitzer; C. Weissman

1988-01-01

222

Multimodal biometrics for identity documents ( )  

Microsoft Academic Search

The MBioID initiative has been set up to address the following germane question: What and how biometric technologies could be deployed in identity documents in the foreseeable future? This research effort proposes to look at current and future practices and systems of establishing and using biometric identity documents (IDs) and evaluate their effectiveness in large-scale developments.The first objective of the

Damien Dessimoz; Jonas Richiardi; Christophe Champod; Andrzej Drygajlo

2007-01-01

223

Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author responds to Hill et al.'s “Gender Identity Disorders in Childhood and Adolescence: A Critical Inquiry” and Moser and Kleinplatz's “DSM-IV-TRand the Paraphilias: An Argument for Removal.” The author sees the paper as raising the issue of whether there are any cases for which sexual and gender identity diagnoses are appropriate. The author believes a central issue is how

Robert L. Spitzer

2006-01-01

224

Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author responds to Hill et al.'s “Gender Identity Disorders in Childhood and Adolescence: A Critical Inquiry,” Winters' “Gender Dissonance: Diagnostic Reform of Gender Identity Disorder for Adults,” and Moser and Kleinplatz's “DSM-IV-TR and the Paraphilias: An Argument for Removal.” As a clinician, the author is loathe to relegate these conditions to mere legal problems and have those affected by

Paul Jay Fink

2006-01-01

225

Social Identity and Intergroup Conflict  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores why people identify with social groups and what this identification signifies for their sense of self,\\u000a status in society and intergroup conflict. We describe various theories of social identity to elucidate ways in which individuals\\u000a can negotiate their different social identities, and what this means for intergroup relations. We consider the implications\\u000a for both majority and minority

Ananthi Al Ramiah; Miles Hewstone; Katharina Schmid

2011-01-01

226

National Currencies and National Identities  

Microsoft Academic Search

In what ways do national currencies contribute to a sense of national identity? Building on the insights of 19th-and early 20th-century observers, the author suggests that national currencies might foster national identities in five ways: (a) providing a vehicle for nationalist imagery that constructs a sense of collective tradition and memory, (b) acting as a common medium of social communication

ERIC HELLEINER

1998-01-01

227

Exploring Asian American Racial Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study the authors used cluster analysis to create racial identity profiles for a sample of Asian Americans using the People of Color Racial Identity Attitudes Scale (PCRIAS). A four-cluster solution was chosen: each cluster corresponded to one PCRIAS subscale and was named accordingly. Scores on the Asian American Racism-Related Stress Inventory and the Color-Blind Racial Attitudes Scale were

Grace A. Chen; Paul LePhuoc; Michele R. Guzmán; Stephanie S. Rude; Barbara G. Dodd

2006-01-01

228

Adolescent girls' constructions of smoking identities: implications for health promotion.  

PubMed

A model of social identities constructed in terms of group membership is used to explore the incidence of cigarette smoking among adolescent girls. A sharp increase in girls' smoking at about 14 years of age related both to age and to puberty is demonstrated in a discriminant function analysis. The model is successful in identifying membership in never smoked and regular smoker groups but does not identify occasional smokers. Girls' ratings of 13 identity descriptors are summarised in similar, three scale nonsmoker and smokers identities. The nonsmoker identity is rated higher on the "mature" and "sensible" scales while the smoker identity is rated higher on the "fun-loving" scale and a fourteenth descriptor, breaks rules. The descriptors loading on the "mature" scale are contested suggesting that members of both smoking and nonsmoking groups value cool, popular, grown-up and makes up own mind. Material from focus group discussions demonstrates that the particular meanings of some descriptors may vary with group membership and values. Both the prevalence analysis and the focus group material support the hypothesis that interventions are best targeted at specific groups and that the occasional smoker identity needs to be targeted specifically in interventions designed to reduce smoking among adolescent girls. PMID:9063774

Lloyd, B; Lucas, K; Fernbach, M

1997-02-01

229

Identity Theft. Office for Victims of Crime.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Identity theft has been called the fastest growing consumer crime in America. In 2011, identity theft was the top consumer complaint reported to the Federal Trade Commission (FTC). Fifteen percent of consumers who contacted the FTC complained of identity ...

2013-01-01

230

Deconstructing crop processes and models via identities.  

PubMed

This paper is part review and part opinion piece; it has three parts of increasing novelty and speculation in approach. The first presents an overview of how some of the major crop simulation models approach the issue of simulating the responses of crops to changing climatic and weather variables, mainly atmospheric CO2 concentration and increased and/or varying temperatures. It illustrates an important principle in models of a single cause having alternative effects and vice versa. The second part suggests some features, mostly missing in current crop models, that need to be included in the future, focussing on extreme events such as high temperature or extreme drought. The final opinion part is speculative but novel. It describes an approach to deconstruct resource use efficiencies into their constituent identities or elements based on the Kaya-Porter identity, each of which can be examined for responses to climate and climatic change. We give no promise that the final part is 'correct', but we hope it can be a stimulation to thought, hypothesis and experiment, and perhaps a new modelling approach. PMID:23534680

Porter, John R; Christensen, Svend

2013-05-17

231

Looking for Daisy: constructing teacher identities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Research on teacher identities is both important and increasing. In this forum contribution I re-interpret assertions about an African American science teacher's identities in terms of Jonathon Turner's (2002) constructs of role identity and sub-identity. I contest the notion of renegotiation of identities, suggesting that particular role identities can be brought to the foreground and then backgrounded depending on the situation and the need to confirm a sub-identity. Finally, I recommend the inclusion of teachers' voices in identity research through greater use of co-authoring roles for teachers.

Ritchie, Stephen M.

2009-09-01

232

Singularities of varying light speed cosmologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the possible singularities of isotropic cosmological models that have a varying speed of light as well as a varying gravitational constant. The field equations typically reduce to two dimensional systems which are then analyzed both by dynamical systems techniques in phase space and by applying the method of asymptotic splittings. In the general case we find initially expanding

John Miritzis; Spiros Cotsakis

2007-01-01

233

Gang talk and gang talkers: A critique  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent years have witnessed a proliferation of interest in the phenomenon of the gang both in the UK and across Europe. Such concern has been driven forward by growing reports of gang activity reported in the media, circulated by populist politicians as well as by academic researchers convinced the European gang has been ignored for too long. This anxiety has

Simon Hallsworth; Tara Young

2008-01-01

234

'Chronic' identities in mental illness.  

PubMed

The term 'chronicity' is still widely used in psychiatric discourse and practice. A category employed in political, administrative and therapeutic contexts, it guides practitioners' beliefs and actions. This paper attempts a review of the attitudes and procedures that result as a consequence of identifying 'chronically' disturbed identities in clinical practice. An essentially social, relational and materialist understanding of mental illness is used to highlight the kind of thinking underlying the notion of 'chronic' identities in day-to-day psychiatric routines. Problematising the notions of singularity and expressiveness, as well as mind/body- and self/other-distinctions, it claims the category itself is responsible for creating a 'chronic' kind of being. A spatial metaphor is presented in the conclusion, illustrating a mental strategy by which we can re-shape our thinking about 'chronic' identities. It attempts to describe how the shift from an epistemological to a praxeographic approach could build a more complete understanding of mental illness. PMID:23528064

von Peter, Sebastian

2013-03-25

235

Social Trust of Virtual Identities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Most other chapters of this book discuss computational models of trust in broader terms, giving definitions of trust, explaining how trust should evolve over time, surveying the different facets of trust .On the other hand, this chapter has a clear focus on the important element of identity in computational trust mechanisms. Trust and reputation are easier to form in face-to-face situations than in situations involving the use of computers and networks because the identity of the trustee is more difficult to verify. In this chapter, the different means to recognise virtual identities are surveyed. Next, their integration into computational trust engines is discussed, especially according to four main requirements: Adaptability, Security, Usability and Privacy (ASUP).

Seigneur, Jean-Marc

236

Split Identity: Intransitive Judgments of the Identity of Objects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Identity is a transitive relation, according to all standard accounts. Necessarily, if "x = y" and "y = z," then "x = z." However, people sometimes say that two objects, "x" and "z," are the same as a third, "y," even when "x" and "z" have different properties (thus, "x = y" and "y = z," but "x is not equal to z"). In the present experiments,…

Rips, Lance J.

2011-01-01

237

Identity, identity work and the experience of working from home  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper seeks to show how the shift of paid work from traditional locations into the home environment raises serious questions of identity for managers who have started to work from home and who have to “cope with” the sometimes conflicting demands imposed by different socio-cultural spheres. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Based on an empirical study of working from home,

Susanne Tietze; Gill Musson

2010-01-01

238

Men as victims: "victim" identities, gay identities, and masculinities.  

PubMed

The impact and meanings of homophobic violence on gay men's identities are explored with a particular focus on their identities as men and as gay men. Homosexuality can pose a challenge to conventional masculinities, and for some gay men, being victimized on account of sexual orientation reawakens conflicts about their masculinity that they thought they had resolved. Being victimized can reinvoke shame that is rooted in failure or unwillingness to uphold masculine norms. For some gay men, victimization therefore has connotations of nonmasculinity that make being a victim an undesirable status, yet that status must be claimed to obtain a response from criminal justice or victim services. Men who experience homophobic abuse are helped by accepting a victim identity, but only if they can quickly move on from it by reconstructing a masculine gay (nonvictim) identity. This process can be facilitated by agencies such as the police and victim services, provided they help men exercise agency in "fighting back," that is, resisting further victimization and recovering. PMID:22610831

Dunn, Peter

2012-05-18

239

Identity and Disruptiveness in Boys: Longitudinal Perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

After more than 30 years of research on identity, the links between identity and disruptive behaviors are not clear. This study compared the identity formation of boys with stable disruptive behaviors from age 6 to age 15 (n = 16), with the identity formation of boys that were never disruptive during the same period (n = 25). All boys came

Gilles Tremblay; Jean-François Saucier; Richard E. Tremblay

2004-01-01

240

New Directions in Identity Control Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Identity control theory has long posited that there are positive emotional consequences to identity verification and negative emotional consequences to the lack of identity verification (Burke, 1991). While some of the positive consequences of identity verification have been discussed (Burke and Stets, 1999; Cast and Burke, 2002), little work has been done to elaborate the va- riety of negative emotions

Jan E. Stets; Peter J. Burke

241

American Identity in the USA: Youth Perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

National identity, how one sees oneself as a member of a given nation, is an important form of social identity. Feelings toward one's country are a matter of both individual and collective concern. In an increasingly diverse world, the issue of identifying with a nation is complex and consequential for individual identity formation as well as collective political identity. How

Parissa Jahromi

2011-01-01

242

The Objectification of Identity across Events  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes one way in which students develop durable, classroom-specific identities. When students enter new groups their identities are often fluid. Over time, however, students and teachers generally come to identify individuals in predictable ways. Durable identities emerge across events, as signs of identity come to presuppose a…

Wortham, Stanton

2008-01-01

243

Reconceptualization of Identity Exploration by Relatedness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although identity researchers now believe that identity formation occurs not only by separation from others but also in relational contexts, few empirical studies of this concept have been conducted. This paper has three aims: (1) to reconceptualize identity formation to take relational aspects into account, focusing particularly on identity

Sugimura, Kazumi

244

An Existentialist Account of Identity Formation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gives account of Marcia's identity formation model in language of existentialist philosophy. Examines parallels between ego-identity and existentialist approaches. Describes identity in terms of existentialist concepts of Heidegger and Sartre. Argues that existentialist account of identity formation has benefits of clarification of difficult…

Bilsker, Dan

1992-01-01

245

Finite Rogers-Ramanujan Type Identities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Polynomial generalizations of all 130 of the identities in Slater's list of identities of the Rogers-Ramanujan type are presented. Furthermore, duality relationships among many of the identities are derived. Some of the these polynomial identities were previously known but many are new. The author has implemented much of the finitization process in a Maple package which is available for free

Andrew V. Sills

2003-01-01

246

A Dialogical Approach to Conceptualizing Teacher Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In recent attempts to address the notion of teacher identity, scholars have stressed how identity is dynamically evolving, intrinsically related to others, and consists of multiple identities. Though these postmodern characterizations represent radically new perceptions of identity, they are not extensively discussed in relation to previous…

Akkerman, Sanne F.; Meijer, Paulien C.

2011-01-01

247

The Moral Self: Applying Identity Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research applies identity theory to understand the moral self. In identity theory, individuals act on the basis of their identity meanings, and they regulate the meanings of their behavior so that those meanings are consistent with their identity meanings. An inconsistency produces negative emotions and motivates individuals to behave…

Stets, Jan E.; Carter, Michael J.

2011-01-01

248

New, Varying-Capacitance, Electrical Machine,  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The research demonstrated that introduction of dielectric material into the working gap of a varying capacitance, rotating machine, in combination with a novel arrangement of machine elements, increased the power of the machine by an order of magnitude. U...

S. F. Philp

1983-01-01

249

Bulimia: A false self identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is based on the author's clinical experience with fifteen bulimic women over the past five years. It covers the family origins, unique characteristics, internal dynamics, and treatment of bulimia. Bulimics have a cohesive, albeit pathological, identity based on the False Self. Relying on D.W. Winnicott's theory of ego splitting between the True Self and False Self, the author

Dorothy M. Jones

1985-01-01

250

Verifiable digital object identity system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Identification is a two part system comprising of a token or label (an identifier) that can be used to reference an en- tity and a process that can be used to create label-entity associations and verify that the reference and entity belong together. There are a number of identity systems for digital objects that provide identifiers (such as the Handle

Alapan Arnab; Andrew Hutchison

2006-01-01

251

6 Keys to Identity Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An Identity and Access Management (IAM) project on campus can feel like a Sisyphean task: Just when access rights have finally been sorted out, the semester ends--and users change roles, leave campus, or require new processes. IT departments face a constantly changing technical landscape: (1) integrating new applications and retiring old ones; (2)…

Shoham, Idan

2011-01-01

252

The search for national identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article, extracted from a political memoir, discusses the author's own experiences of identity as a first generation migrant in a country undergoing rapid transformation from one with a dominant Anglo-Irish culture to one in which multiculturalism, while contested, has become a reality. It further reflects upon the impact of the American counter culture on Australia in the 1960s and

Dennis Altman

2010-01-01

253

Identities for the Fibonacci Powers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Based on the generating functions, for any positive integers "n" and "k", identities are established and the explicit formula for a[subscript i](k) in terms of Fibonomial coefficients are presented. The corresponding results are extended to some other famous sequences including Lucas and Pell sequences.|

Chen, Alex; Chen, Hongwei

2008-01-01

254

Cuban Identity: A Preliminary Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored patterns of differences and commonalities in the constructions of identity by Cuban Americans, focusing on the pain of their experiencing "Paradise Lost," a theme identified in earlier research in which Cuban American college students reported: strong Cuban connections; value for the Spanish language, food, and culture; and a…

Alvarez, Carlos; Bliss, Linda A.; Vigil, Peter

255

Tracing the Identity of Objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article considers how people judge the identity of objects (e.g., how people decide that a description of an object at one time, t0, belongs to the same object as a description of it at another time, t1). The authors propose a causal continuer model for these judgments, based on an earlier theory by Nozick (1981). According to this model,

Lance J. Rips; Sergey Blok; George Newman

2006-01-01

256

Feminist attributes and entrepreneurial identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this study is to examine how feminist attributes are expressed within entrepreneurial identity. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The study employed a purposive sampling technique to recruit 15 self-identified “feminist entrepreneurs”. This included retailers, manufacturers, exploration operators, consultants, and professionals. Qualitative data were subject to content analysis. Findings – Contrary to a feminine archetype portrayed as caring and

Barbara J. Orser; Catherine Elliott; Joanne Leck

2011-01-01

257

Immigrant Identity in Teacher Preparation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, I report research on representations of immigrant identities in one university where teacher candidates matriculated in undergraduate and graduate degree programs. The case study occurred in a community where immigrants were highly visible. A content analysis of curriculum for teacher preparation provided a view of factors that…

Carter, Candice C.

2012-01-01

258

Feminist Identity among Latina Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study explores developing conceptions of feminism among Latina adolescents, their prevalence of feminist endorsement, and whether home environment and well-being are related to feminist identity. One hundred and forty Latina girls (Grades 9 to 12, M age = 15) wrote personal narratives of their understanding of feminism and whether they…

Manago, Adriana M.; Brown, Christia Spears; Leaper, Campbell

2009-01-01

259

Zero knowledge proofs of identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we extend the notion of zero knowledge proofs of membership (which reveal one bit of information) to zero knowledge proofs of knowledge (which reveal no information whatsoever). After formally defining this notion, we show its relevance to identification schemes, in which parties prove their identity by demonstrating their knowledge rather than by proving the validity of assertions.

U. Fiege; Amos Fiat; Adi Shamir

1987-01-01

260

Museums and Identity in Glasgow  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to explore the extent to which museums can go beyond expressing and influence people's individual and communal identities, this article reviews episodes from the past 20 years in the history of one group of museums. Glasgow Museums comprise the largest civic museum service in the UK, with international quality collections of art, history and natural history. The city

Mark ONeill

2006-01-01

261

Identity Uncertainty and Citation Matching  

Microsoft Academic Search

Identity uncertainty is a pervasive problem in real-world data analysis. It arises whenever objects are not labeled with unique identifiers or when those identifiers may not be perceived perfectly. In such cases, two ob- servations may or may not correspond to the same object. In this paper, we consider the problem in the context of citation matching—the prob- lem of

Hanna Pasula; Bhaskara Marthi; Brian Milch; Stuart J. Russell; Ilya Shpitser

2002-01-01

262

The Ontogeny of Face Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A paradigm was designed to study how infants identify live faces. Eight- to 21-week-old infants were seated comfortably and were presented an adult female, dressed in a white laboratory coat and a white turtle neck sweater, until habituation ensued. The adult then left the room. One minute later either she or an identically garbed confederate…

Blass, Elliott M.; Camp, Carole Ann

2004-01-01

263

Personal Identity and the Past  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the second edition of the Essay Concern- ing Human Understanding, John Locke argues that personal identity over time consists in sameness of consciousness rather than the persistence of any sub- stance, material or immaterial. Something about this view is very compelling, but as it stands it is too vague and problematic to provide a viable account of per- sonal

Marya Schechtman

2005-01-01

264

6 Keys to Identity Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An Identity and Access Management (IAM) project on campus can feel like a Sisyphean task: Just when access rights have finally been sorted out, the semester ends--and users change roles, leave campus, or require new processes. IT departments face a constantly changing technical landscape: (1) integrating new applications and retiring old ones;…

Shoham, Idan

2011-01-01

265

Counselor Identity: Conformity or Distinction?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors explore 3 debates in other disciplines similar to counseling's identity debate in order to learn about common themes and outcomes. Conformity, distinction, and cohesion emerged as common themes. They conclude that counselors should retain their distinctive, humanistic approach rather than conforming to the dominant, medical approach.|

McLaughlin, Jerry E.; Boettcher, Kathryn

2009-01-01

266

Cultural Identity in Tibetan Diasporas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tibetan civilisation is over two millenniums old and, today, its struggles in diaspora open up a new chapter in Tibetan history. Diasporic Tibetans (e.g. in India and the USA) have made tremendous efforts over the last few decades to maintain their way of life. We focus on cultural identity in the Tibetan diasporas, with special attention focused…

Giles, Howard; Dorjee, Tenzin

2005-01-01

267

Anorexia Nervosa in Identical Triplets  

Microsoft Academic Search

The cause of anorexia nervosa (AN) is unclear, but is likely multifactorial, including psychological, familial, environmental, societal, genetic, and other biological factors. This case report of identical 12- year-old female triplets simultaneously concordant for AN illustrates the importance of addressing all these components in evaluation and treatment, and the difficulty of determining the relative impor- tance of each factor in

Mae S. Sokol; Anna K. Carroll; Denise M. Heebink; Kristina M. Hoffman-Rieken; Christine S. Goudge; Douglas D. Ebers

268

Interactive Storytelling with Virtual Identities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stories form an integral part of our lives. Interactive storytelling enables the participant to actively explore the story world. However, interactive storytelling has problems such as the problem of narrative flow, the character's knowledge of the world, internal consistency, time and ease of creation. We introduce the concept of using virtual identities for interactive storytelling in virtual environments and discuss

M. Greeff; V. Lalioti

269

Cultural Identity in Tibetan Diasporas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tibetan civilisation is over two millenniums old and, today, its struggles in diaspora open up a new chapter in Tibetan history. Diasporic Tibetans (e.g. in India and the USA) have made tremendous efforts over the last few decades to maintain their way of life. We focus on cultural identity in the Tibetan diasporas, with special attention focused on its historical

Howard Giles; Tenzin Dorjee

2005-01-01

270

Emerging Identities in Colonial Tunisia: \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

By 1900 the Jewish community of Tunisia witnessed the emergence of new competing identities: “assimilationist” of the Alliance Israelite Universelle, termed “Alliancist,” and Zionist. Strikingly, two members of the same family in Tunis, Raymond Valensi, President of the AIU Regional Committee, and Alfred Valensi, President of the Zionist Federation, led the struggle for their separate causes. In his discussion of

Joy A. Land

2009-01-01

271

Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Association of Hispanic Journalists tracks the presence of Latinos in the news. It reports that news stories in which Latinos are the subject most often concern immigration, poverty and crime. And Hollywood does no better in reflecting the broad reality of Latino life. Latino characters are often portrayed as poor and uneducated. In…

Ransom, Liz

2012-01-01

272

Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The National Association of Hispanic Journalists tracks the presence of Latinos in the news. It reports that news stories in which Latinos are the subject most often concern immigration, poverty and crime. And Hollywood does no better in reflecting the broad reality of Latino life. Latino characters are often portrayed as poor and uneducated. In…

Ransom, Liz

2012-01-01

273

Two monozygotic (identical) twin pairs discordant for gender identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two pairs of monozygotic twins discordant for gender identity are described. The first set are 8-year-old males, one of whom enjoys doll play, cross-dressing, and taking the role of a female in fantasy games. His brother shows no feminine behavior, enjoys sports, and is more masculine in gestures and speech. The second set are 24-year-old females, one of whom wants

Richard Green; Robert J. Stoller

1971-01-01

274

Integrating Identities: The Relationships of Racial, Gender, and Ego Identities among White College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors proposed that racial and gender identities were related to ego identities based on common themes that exist across these different dimensions of identity. A sample of 300 White college students completed the White Racial Identity Attitude Scale (Helms & Carter, 199), the Womanliest Identity Attitude Scale (Ossana, Helms, & Leonard,…

Miville, Marie L.; Darlington, Pat; Whitlock, Brian; Mulligan, Timothy

2005-01-01

275

Measuring identity multiplicity and intersectionality: Hierarchical Classes Analysis (HICLAS) of sexual, racial, and gender identities  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose an innovative approach for measuring identity multiplicity and intersectionality—Hierarchical Classes Analysis (HICLAS) of an Assessment of Multiple Identities. This method allows researchers to assess characteristics of individual identities and model implicit interrelationships between multiple identities held by an individual. We found support for the validity of this approach through analysis of sexual, racial, and gender identities among 40

Michael J. Stirratt; Ilan H. Meyer; Suzanne C. Ouellette; Michael A. Gara

2008-01-01

276

Mutual selection in time-varying networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Time-varying networks play an important role in the investigation of the stochastic processes that occur on complex networks. The ability to formulate the development of the network topology on the same time scale as the evolution of the random process is important for a variety of applications, including the spreading of diseases. Past contributions have investigated random processes on time-varying networks with a purely random attachment mechanism. The possibility of extending these findings towards a time-varying network that is driven by mutual attractiveness is explored in this paper. Mutual attractiveness models are characterized by a linking function that describes the probability of the existence of an edge, which depends mutually on the attractiveness of the nodes on both ends of that edge. This class of attachment mechanisms has been considered before in the fitness-based complex networks literature but not on time-varying networks. Also, the impact of mutual selection is investigated alongside opinion formation and epidemic outbreaks. We find closed-form solutions for the quantities of interest using a factorizable linking function. The voter model exhibits an unanticipated behavior as the network never reaches consensus in the case of mutual selection but stays forever in its initial macroscopic configuration, which is a further piece of evidence that time-varying networks differ markedly from their static counterpart with respect to random processes that take place on them. We also find that epidemic outbreaks are accelerated by uncorrelated mutual selection compared to previously considered random attachment.

Hoppe, K.; Rodgers, G. J.

2013-10-01

277

Time-varying RCS modeling algorithms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Teledyne Brown Engineering (TBE) has developed high-fidelity exoatmospheric time-varying radar cross section (RCS) models for use in the Warning Information Correlation (WIC) threat development effort. These models have been developed for the objects of six USSR ICBM and SIBM weapon systems. This report describes the five TBE developed time-varying RCS modeling algorithms that were utilized for these models. Part of the validation of these models consisted of comparisons of selected discrimination signatures calculated from model and recorded data. The definition of these signatures is also presented.

Gruner, W. J.

1981-12-01

278

Variational identities and Hamiltonian structures  

SciTech Connect

This report is concerned with Hamiltonian structures of classical and super soliton hierarchies. In the classical case, basic tools are variational identities associated with continuous and discrete matrix spectral problems, targeted to soliton equations derived from zero curvature equations over general Lie algebras, both semisimple and non-semisimple. In the super case, a supertrace identity is presented for constructing Hamiltonian structures of super soliton equations associated with Lie superalgebras. We illustrate the general theories by the KdV hierarchy, the Volterra lattice hierarchy, the super AKNS hierarchy, and two hierarchies of dark KdV equations and dark Volterra lattices. The resulting Hamiltonian structures show the commutativity of each hierarchy discussed and thus the existence of infinitely many commuting symmetries and conservation laws.

Ma Wenxiu [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL 33620-5700 (United States)

2010-03-08

279

Catholic hospitals and Catholic identity.  

PubMed

Catholic hospitals seek to offer health care in accord with the example of Christ. They have several models to assist in this effort. The first model is the values portrayed in the Gospels. The Catholic Church has sought to embody these Gospel values in specific teachings. These teachings have been further specified for hospitals in the United States by the National Conference of Catholic Bishops in the Ethical and Religious Directives. Finally, the Gospels values are also expressed for individual Catholic health care systems in mission statements and statements of Catholic identity. This article examines the worth of mission and identity statements, and explains that the statements must be put into practice through a process of internalization before they will be able to be of worth to the Catholic health care apostolate. PMID:11899987

O'Rourke, K

2001-04-01

280

Territories and identities in Jerusalem  

Microsoft Academic Search

Jerusalem is a city of many contrasts. It is a historical-symbolic city, revered by Muslims, Christians and Jews. However, its citizens segregate ethno-nationally, culturally and socially, into different identity groups: Jews and Arabs, Haredi (`ultra-Orthodox') and secular Jews, and lower and upper class socio-economic groups. This essay focuses on how political and social struggles over territories reshape the nature of

Shlomo Hasson

2001-01-01

281

Identity Construction in Sociohistorical Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The goal of this chapter is to trace the historical roots of the modern Western sense of identity as constituted by the possession\\u000a of an ‘inner’ self. In contrast to other authors who have traced this notion to Puritanism and Romanticism, or to the Scottish\\u000a Enlightenment, I begin with the Greco-Roman conception of persona, focusing on the way this concept

Ian Burkitt

282

Social identity and voting behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses the unique social structure of Arab communities to examine the effect of social identity on voter turnout.\\u000a We first show that voters are more likely to vote for a candidate who shares their social group (signified by last name) as\\u000a compared to other candidates. Using last name as a measure of group affiliation, an inverted U-shaped relationship

Avi Ben-Bassat; Momi Dahan

2012-01-01

283

Identity, Genocide, and Group Violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Social identity is typically multidimensional, involving connections and commitments to multiple overlapping groups. Because\\u000a abstract groups such as nations, cultures, or religions have the potential to outlast the individuals who compose them at\\u000a any given point in time, affiliation with such groups provides a sense of continuity, permanence, and meaning. Thus, we are\\u000a highly motivated to act on behalf of

David Moshman

284

The Relations among Feminist Identity Development, Gender-Role Orientation, and Psychological Well-Being in Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined relations between feminist identity development, gender-role orientation, and psychological well-being in 244 women of varying ages and backgrounds. As hypothesized, both feminist identity development and gender-role orientation contributed independently to the explanation of variance in psychological well-being.…

Saunders, Kendra J.; Kashubeck-West, Susan

2006-01-01

285

Relaxation Assessment with Varied Structured Milieu (RELAX).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes Relaxation Assessment with Varied Structured Milieu (RELAX), a clinical program designed to assess the degree to which an individual is able to demonstrate self-control for overall general relaxation. The program is designed for use with the Cassel Biosensors biofeedback equipment. (JAC)|

Cassel, Russell N.; Cassel, Susie L.

1983-01-01

286

Compressed sensing of time-varying signals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Compressed sensing (CS) lowers the number of measurements required for reconstruction and estimation of signals that are sparse when expanded over a proper basis. Traditional CS approaches deal with time-invariant sparse signals, meaning that, during the measurement process, the signal of interest does not exhibit variations. However, many signals encountered in practice are varying with time as the observation window

D. Angelosante; G. B. Giannakis; E. Grossi

2009-01-01

287

The Varied Uses of Readability Measurement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Readability formulas have varied uses. In education they are used to match children's reading ability to the difficulty level of material, select stories and books for classroom use and for individual students' particular needs, select textbooks and other reading materials, aid educational research, and check reading materials of newly literate…

Fry, Edward

288

Cosmology with Time-Varying G  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is shown that a Universe with a time-varying gravitational ``constant'' G necessarily implies creation if the rest mass of matter particles m p is constant. In this case, from Einstein's field equations, the conditions for energy-momentum propagation are ? ·( GT mu v ) from which matter and photon propagation equations are derived. Free matter particle propagation is not

Antonio Alfonso-Faus

1986-01-01

289

Induction Heating of a Varying Diameter Preform.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A proposal to use a varying diameter preform for forging the 120-mm M256 gun tube required a modification to the induction heating system power control to provide uniform heating of the preform. In addition, there was a need to automate the heating proces...

D. Concordia

1992-01-01

290

Lymphoma Risk Varies for Celiac Disease Patients  

MedlinePLUS

... page, please enable JavaScript. Lymphoma Risk Varies for Celiac Disease Patients Blood cancer more common for those with ... Preidt Monday, August 5, 2013 Related MedlinePlus Pages Celiac Disease Diets Lymphoma MONDAY, Aug. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Celiac ...

291

Time-Varying World Market Integration  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a measure of capital market integration arising from a conditional regime-switching model. Our measure allows us to describe expected returns in countries that are segmented from world capital markets in one part of the sample and become integrated later in the sample. We find that a number of emerging markets exhibit time-varying integration. Some markets appear more integrated

Geert Bekaert; Campbell R Harvey

1995-01-01

292

Hydrodynamics of tubes of varying cross section  

Microsoft Academic Search

A method is suggested of reducing the hydrodynamic resistance by replacing circular cylindrical tubes (CT) by socalled asymmetrical wavy tubes of varying cross section with long exist cone and short nozzle portions. Mathematical simulation of laminar motion of an incompressible fluid (the Navier-Stokes equations) has shown that a change in geometric parameters can change the resistance substantially, making it larger

I. L. Povkh; N. V. Finoshin

1992-01-01

293

Race, gender, and sexual orientation in hate crime victimization: identity politics or identity risk?  

PubMed

This study examined the impact of hate crimes upon gay and lesbian victims, reviewing 1538 hate crimes committed in Los Angeles County. Differences between sexual orientation and other hate crime categories were considered for offense severity, reportage to law enforcement, and victim impact. The type of offense varied between crimes classified for sexual orientation (n=551) and other bias-motivated crimes (n=987). Assault, sexual assault, sexual harassment, and stalking were predictive of sexual orientation hate crimes. Sexual orientation bias crimes evidenced greater severity of violence to the person and impact upon victim level of functioning. More violent forms of aggression were predictive of gay and lesbian victim's underreportage to law enforcement. For sexual orientation offenses, victim gender and race/ethnicity differences were predictive of the base rates of crime reportage as well. These findings are considered in terms of a group-risk hypothesis, encountered by multiple outgroup persons, that influences help-seeking behavior and ingroup identity. PMID:16761857

Dunbar, Edward

2006-06-01

294

Perception, experience and body identity.  

PubMed

Physician has to know the patient in the disease and not only the disease in the patient, from the dual perspective of the body as object and the body as subject. This also affects the patient who has to cope with the reality of having a body that bursts into the subject's consciousness as a vital threat, as source of discomfort and inability and being a body (Marcel). The human body in its dual aspect has been and is a great unknown, if not a great outrage in spite of the fact that we are our body and our body is each of us. We sometimes do not feel as we are and thus a confrontation arises, sometimes more normal, others more morbid. This forces the physician to face complex ethics considerations and the scientist to accept a personal identity disorder. Dualism considers that there are two substances in us, one that distinguishes us from other beings and from the rest of the individuals of the human species, the soul, the psychic life, mind or consciousness, and another more insubstancial one, the body. The aim of the first substance is to dominate the body, to survive it after death when it is, already a corpse is meant to become putrefied, is buried, incinerated or thrown to the depth of the sea. This dualism aims to explain the origin of the evil and the attitude to defeat it and it does so efficiently. This anthropology has very ancient roots (the Upvanishads, in the orphic texts, in Plato), it is the core of Gnostic thought and the foundation of the modern science since Descartes. Some monist perspectives are a masked dualism or a mereologic fallacy, according to which, the brain is conscious, when that what is conscious is the subject, although the subject, with the brain could not be conscious. Therefore, a new perspective is proposed, chiasmatic or janicular monism, that considers the adaptive value of focusing on the reality from two perspectives, as physical universe and the world of interpersonal relationships. In the agnosias and in the phantom limb there is a confrontation between the body object and the body subject that has made it possible to investigate how the perception of the own body is and how the brain generates the schema and the body image. The study of the body experience, from the phenomenology and the anthropological psychiatry perspective, has made it possible to go greater in-depth into the knowledge of the alterations of the experience of the own body in different mental diseases, especially in those in which a confrontation between the body and the personal identity arises makes it necessary to consider the process of individual identification and a category of personal identity disorders that would include body dysmorphic disorder, erythrophobia, anorexia nervosa, body integrity identity as well as the gender-type disorders (transsexualism, nonfetishistic transvestism, gender identity disorder during childhood). Key words: Dualism, Monism, Agnosia, Phantom limb, Cenesthesia, Body schema, Body image, Body experience, Personal identity disorders, Body dysmorphic disorder, Anorexia nervosa, Personal integrity identity disorder. PMID:22990877

López-Ibor, Juan J; Ortiz, Tomás; López-Ibor, María I

2011-12-01

295

Dynamical analysis of the cosmology of mass-varying massive gravity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study cosmological evolutions of the generalized model of nonlinear massive gravity in which the graviton mass is given by a rolling scalar field and is varying along time. By performing dynamical analysis, we derive the critical points of this system and study their stabilities. These critical points can be classified into two categories depending on whether they are identical with the traditional ones obtained in General Relativity. We discuss the cosmological implication of relevant critical points.

Wu, De-Jun; Piao, Yun-Song; Cai, Yifu

2013-04-01

296

President's Identity Theft Task Force Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Two years ago, the President launched a new era in the fight against identity theft by issuing an executive order establishing the Identity Theft Task Force. The executive order charged 15 federal departments and agencies with crafting a comprehensive nat...

2008-01-01

297

40 CFR 725.85 - Microorganism identity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false Microorganism identity. 725.85 Section...REQUIREMENTS AND REVIEW PROCESSES FOR MICROORGANISMS Confidentiality and Public Access to Information § 725.85 Microorganism identity. (a)...

2009-07-01

298

40 CFR 725.85 - Microorganism identity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Microorganism identity. 725.85 Section...REQUIREMENTS AND REVIEW PROCESSES FOR MICROORGANISMS Confidentiality and Public Access to Information § 725.85 Microorganism identity. (a)...

2013-07-01

299

40 CFR 725.85 - Microorganism identity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Microorganism identity. 725.85 Section...REQUIREMENTS AND REVIEW PROCESSES FOR MICROORGANISMS Confidentiality and Public Access to Information § 725.85 Microorganism identity. (a)...

2010-07-01

300

Children's Concepts of Identity: A New Method.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A new technique for testing childrens' concepts of subjective identity was tested. This involved asking children the consequences of various body part transplants, including the brain, to a person's identity. Results indicate that during the school years ...

C. N. Johnson

1981-01-01

301

Identity-Based Internet Protocol Network.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Identity-Based Internet Protocol (IBIP) Network project is experimenting with a new enterprise oriented network architecture using standard IP version 6 protocol to encode user and host identity (ID) information into the IP address. Our motivation is ...

C. Growney G. Nakamoto J. Andresen J. Ma R. Durst

2012-01-01

302

Implicit and explicit exercise and sedentary identity.  

PubMed

We examined the relationship between implicit and explicit "exerciser" and "sedentary" self-identity when activated by stereotypes. Undergraduate participants (N = 141) wrote essays about university students who either liked to exercise or engage in sedentary activities. This was followed by an implicit identity task and an explicit measure of exercise self-identity. Results showed that implicit and explicit exerciser identities were not highly correlated. There were also no significant prime effects, but women showed greater implicit sedentary identity, whereas men showed greater implicit exercise identity. This research suggests that implicit exercise-related identity is a distinct construct from explicit exercise identity. The results also reflect responses to societal pressures for women to be thin and for men to be strong, when free of self-presentational bias. PMID:22978198

Berry, Tanya R; Strachan, Shaelyn M

2012-09-01

303

Ego identity formation in middle adolescence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Assumed determinants of ego identity were investigated in this study using sophomore, junior, and senior high school males and females. Subjects were administered the Marcia Ego Identity Status Scale and measures of sex-role identification, personality development, psychological functioning, self-concept, and parental socialization practices. Data analyses, using a median split on identity score, showed that high-identity adolescents obtained more positive scores

Joseph C. LaVoie

1976-01-01

304

Gendered Racial Identity of Black Young Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to understand the experience and identity development of Black adolescents and young women, it is important to understand\\u000a the intersection of race and gender, or gendered racial identity development. The study sought to unpack aspects of social\\u000a identity particularly gendered racial identity from the phenomenological perspective of participants. This study included\\u000a dyadic focus groups of 17 African American

Anita Jones Thomas; Jason Daniel Hacker; Denada Hoxha

2011-01-01

305

Homosexual Identity Formation as a Developmental Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homosexual identity is conceptualized as a life-spanning developmental process that eventually leads to personal acceptance of a positive gay self-image and a coherent personal identity. HabermasÆ theory of ego development is utilized to provide a synthesis and understanding of the literature on the construction and maintained of the homosexual identity. It is concluded that the homosexual identity generally emerges in

Henry L. Milton; Gary J. MacDonald

1984-01-01

306

[Dyssocial identity disorder (double identity) in psychopathology and poetry].  

PubMed

Identity dissociation signifies: there seem to exist two identities in one personality that take turns-apparently without knowing about each other. Descriptions of this rare state are often spectacular. As scientifically proven they depend on culturally specific conditions and iatrogeneous influences. The disorder is to be analysed in this article for the case of both psychiatry and every-day-life-experiences in a matter-of-fact way. The first description of the phenomenon is not found in psychiatric literature but in poetry. The novellas of E.T.A. Hoffmann contain at least eight descriptions of 'double life'. The 'Fräulein von Scuderi' (1820) seems to be the most interesting of these and is therefore focused on in this article. E.T.A. Hoffmann himself was at the same time well respected jurist and significant artist of great versatility: poet as well as musician, composer, painter. Hoffmann's artistic and his civic life stood in sharp contrast, which gives reason to use of the term 'double life'. PMID:8677670

Tölle, R

1996-01-01

307

Interactions between facial emotion and identity in face processing: evidence based on redundancy gains.  

PubMed

Interactions between the processing of emotion expression and form-based information from faces (facial identity) were investigated using the redundant-target paradigm, in which we specifically tested whether identity and emotional expression are integrated in a superadditive manner (Miller, Cognitive Psychology 14:247-279, 1982). In Experiments 1 and 2, participants performed emotion and face identity judgments on faces with sad or angry emotional expressions. Responses to redundant targets were faster than responses to either single target when a universal emotion was conveyed, and performance violated the predictions from a model assuming independent processing of emotion and face identity. Experiment 4 showed that these effects were not modulated by varying interstimulus and nontarget contingencies, and Experiment 5 demonstrated that the redundancy gains were eliminated when faces were inverted. Taken together, these results suggest that the identification of emotion and facial identity interact in face processing. PMID:22814949

Yankouskaya, Alla; Booth, David A; Humphreys, Glyn

2012-11-01

308

Young Adult Identities and Their Pathways: A Developmental and Life Course Model  

PubMed Central

Developmental and life course studies of young adult identities have focused on two dimensions, subjective age and psychosocial maturity. This study examines the developmental synchrony of these two processes. In a longitudinal sample of young adults from Add Health (18 to 22), a person-centered analysis of indicators of these dimensions identified four identity profiles. Two depict early and late patterns of identity; the others represent contrasting types of discordance, “pseudo-adult”, subjective age more advanced than maturation level and “anticipatory”, with subjective age less advanced than maturational level. The profiles vary by gender, socioeconomic status, and race-ethnicity as well as by adolescent (ages12–16) pubertal maturation, psychosocial adjustment, and family context. These results provide support for a more holistic, interdisciplinary understanding of adult identity, and show that young adult identities in the Add Health sample follow differentiated paths into the adult years, with largely unknown consequences for the subsequent life course.

Benson, Janel E.; Elder, Glen H.

2013-01-01

309

The Thermal Collector With Varied Glass Covers  

SciTech Connect

The thermal collector with varied glass covers represents an innovation realized in order to build a collector able to reach the desired temperature by collecting the solar radiation from the smallest surface, with the highest efficiency. In the case of the thermal collector with variable cover glasses, the number of the glass plates covering the absorber increases together with the length of the circulation pipe for the working fluid. The thermal collector with varied glass covers compared to the conventional collector better meet user requirements because: for the same temperature increase, has the collecting area smaller; for the same collection area, realizes the highest temperature increase and has the highest efficiency. This works is addressed to researchers in the solar energy and to engineers responsible with air-conditioning systems design or industrial and agricultural products drying.

Luminosu, I.; Pop, N. [Department of Physical Foundation of Engineering, 'Politehnica' University of Timisoara, B-dul V. Parvan, No. 2, Timisoara, 300223 (Romania)

2010-08-04

310

Discovering Identity Problems: A Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Identity resolution is central to fighting against crime and terrorist activities in various ways. Current information systems and technologies deployed in law enforcement agencies are neither adequate nor effective for identity resolution. In this research we conducted a case study in a local police department on problems that produce difficulties in retrieving identity information. We found that more than half

Alan Gang Wang; Homa Atabakhsh; Tim Petersen; Hsinchun Chen

2005-01-01

311

Retirees' Social Identity and Satisfaction with Retirement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the structure of retirees' social identity and its impact on satisfaction with retirement. From social identity theory formulations, we assumed that (1) retiree-identity was comprised of three distinct components (cognitive, evaluative, and affective), and (2) only the affective component would play a role…

Michinov, Estelle; Fouquereau, Evelyne; Fernandez, Anne

2008-01-01

312

Gender differences in adolescent interpersonal identity formation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gender differences in adolescent interpersonal identity formation were investigated in 41 male and 42 female high school juniors and seniors. Subjects were interviewed and assessed on progress toward interpersonal identity achievement in friendship and dating relationships. Differential patterns of correlation for each sex were examined for measures of vocational identity, psychological masculinity and femininity, and achievement motivation. Results indicated that

William Thorbecke I; Harold D. Grotevant

1982-01-01

313

Catholic Identity Today: A Position Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Maintaining a distinctive Catholic identity is a challenge for Catholic schools today. Religious identity must be nurtured and it must be contextualized for the 21st century. This paper suggests marks of contemporary Catholic character. Also, it proposes looking at religious identity through the lens of student experience and graduate outcomes.…

Cook, Timothy J.

2008-01-01

314

Gender, Immigrant Generation, and Ethnocultural Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relation of gender and immigrant generation to ethnocultural identity was examined in an ethnically diverse sample of young adults from immigrant families. We hypothesized that gender differences in ethnocultural identity would occur among the second-generation (those born in the receiving society) daughters and sons of parents who were immigrants. Participants completed several measures that assessed identity and self-construal, including

Karen K. Dion; Kenneth L. Dion

2004-01-01

315

Getting narced: Neutralization of undercover identity discreditation  

Microsoft Academic Search

“Communicative work directed to transforming an individual's total identity into an identity lower in the group's social types is called a ‘status degradation ceremony'” (Garfinkel 1956, p. 420). Status degradation ceremonies are particularly troublesome for undercover narcotics agents. In this context, they act as the mechanism by which agents’ dissembled identities are questioned and their real police ones revealed. This

Bruce A. Jacobs

1993-01-01

316

Review Article: Seeking the Identity of Jesus  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seeking the Identity of Jesus offers a fresh and illuminating series of contributions, united by a shared resistance to the reduction of Jesus’ identity in current reconstructions of ‘the historical Jesus’. However, questions can be asked about its approaches to history and memory, while any sustained reflection on the meaning of ‘identity’ is surprisingly absent. The volume also fails to

Richard Bauckham

2010-01-01

317

Aesthetic Identity, Race, and American Folk Music  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article uses the concept of aesthetic identity to interrogate the relationship among musical genres, social movements and racial identity. American folk music has at some times subverted and other times reinforced the categorical boundaries between blacks and whites in twentieth-century United States. Aesthetic identity is the cultural alignment of artistic genres to social groups by which groups come to

William G. Roy

2002-01-01

318

Fibonacci Identities via the Determinant Sum Property  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We use the sum property for determinants of matrices to give a three-stage proof of an identity involving Fibonacci numbers. Cassini's and d'Ocagne's Fibonacci identities are obtained at the ends of stages one and two, respectively. Catalan's Fibonacci identity is also a special case.|

Spivey, Michael

2006-01-01

319

Achievement goal orientations and identity formation styles  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present article points to shared underlying theoretical assumptions and central processes of a prominent academic motivation perspective – achievement goal theory – and recent process perspectives in the identity formation literature, and more specifically, identity formation styles. The review highlights the shared definition of achievement goal orientations and identity formation styles as mental frames that guide interpretation of situations,

Avi Kaplan; Hanoch Flum

2010-01-01

320

Africans to America: The Unfolding of Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept of identity, the development of one's sense of self, is a dynamic concept that shifts with both internal and external changes. For African immigrants who come to the United States, the concept of identity has multiple shifting layers of meaning. This paper outlines both a chronological developmental model as well as an ethnic minority model of identity development

Mary Ann Watson

2005-01-01

321

American Identity in the USA: Youth Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|National identity, how one sees oneself as a member of a given nation, is an important form of social identity. Feelings toward one's country are a matter of both individual and collective concern. In an increasingly diverse world, the issue of identifying with a nation is complex and consequential for individual identity formation as well as…

Jahromi, Parissa

2011-01-01

322

American Identity in the USA: Youth Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

National identity, how one sees oneself as a member of a given nation, is an important form of social identity. Feelings toward one's country are a matter of both individual and collective concern. In an increasingly diverse world, the issue of identifying with a nation is complex and consequential for individual identity formation as well as…

Jahromi, Parissa

2011-01-01

323

Digital forensics and the issues of identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The issue of what we consider to be the identity of a person has become increasingly complex as we have made ever greater use of the facilities and services that have been made available by developing technologies and the Internet. In the past people normally had one identity, while in the current environment it is acceptable to maintain separate ‘identities

Andrew Jones; Thomas Martin

2010-01-01

324

Identity Construction in Powerful Institutions: A Commentary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The articles in this issue focus on the collaborative and negotiated construction of identities in interaction. Most of the articles are concerned with the constitution of identities through time in powerful educational and legal institutional contexts. Here the emphasis is on the emergence of new identities being learned by some participants…

Philips, Susan U.

2010-01-01

325

Identity Construction in Powerful Institutions: A Commentary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The articles in this issue focus on the collaborative and negotiated construction of identities in interaction. Most of the articles are concerned with the constitution of identities through time in powerful educational and legal institutional contexts. Here the emphasis is on the emergence of new identities being learned by some participants…

Philips, Susan U.

2010-01-01

326

Foreign Language Teaching and Cultural Identity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A collection of works on the role of cultural identity in second language learning and teaching includes: "Linguas estrangeiras e ideologia" (Roberto Ballalai); "Cultural Identity and Bilinguality" (Josiane F. Hamers, Michel Blanc); "Foreign Language Teaching and Cultural Identity" (Lakshmie K. Cumaranatunge); "Ensino de linguas estrangeiras e…

Nasr, Raja T., Ed.; And Others

327

Communication and gender identity: A retrospective analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gender identity constancy and change must be traversed over the life span. The participants in this study, age 67 to 97 years, described their femininity and masculinity and provided examples of same?sexed and opposite?sexed behaviors. Their narratives suggest that their interactions with others, circumstances, and life stage all affect their gender identity constancy and change. Gender identity constancy and change

Judy C. Pearson; Shannon Borke VanHorn

2004-01-01

328

Formal Operations and Ego Identity in Adolescence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated the relationship between the development of formal operations and the formation of ego identity in adolescence. Obtained significant positive correlations between combinatorial ability and degree of identity, suggesting that high identity may facilitate the application of combinatorial operations. Found some gender differences in task…

Wagner, Janis A.

1987-01-01

329

Ego Identity Formation in Middle Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assumed determinants of ego identity were investigated using high school students. The Marcia Ego Identity Status Scale was given as well as measures of sex role identification, personality development, psychological functioning, self concept, and parental socialization practices. Overall, the data supported Erikson's theory of ego identity

LaVoie, Joseph C.

1976-01-01

330

Developing a Leadership Identity: A Grounded Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

This grounded theory study on developing a leadership identity revealed a 6-stage develop- mental process. The thirteen diverse students in this study described their leadership identity as moving from a leader-centric view to one that embraced leadership as a collaborative, relational process. Developing a leadership identity was connected to the categories of developmental influences, developing self, group influences, students' changing

Susan R. Komives; Julie E. Owen; Susan D. Longerbeam; Felicia C. Mainella; Laura Osteen

2005-01-01

331

Religion, identity and public health in Botswana  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we examine several rather conspicuous inconsistencies in the data available related to religious identity in Botswana and explore the possible importance of religious identity to issues of public health in general as well as HIV prevention and AIDS treatment policies in particular. We begin with a concise introduction to the historical context of religious identity in Botswana,

Muhammed Haron; Kipton E. Jensen

2008-01-01

332

Take Charge: Fighting Back Against Identity Theft.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Identity theft is a serious crime. People whose identities have been stolen can spend months or years--and thousands of dollars--cleaning up the mess the thieves have made of a good name and credit record. In the meantime, victims of identity theft may lo...

2005-01-01

333

Desired and perceived identities of fashion retailers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The paper seeks to examine the role of corporate identity in UK clothing retail organisations, focusing on the “fast fashion” sector. The aim is to analyse the “gap” between desired identity and perceived identity within the sector. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – An instrumental case study approach was adopted for this research. Companies' web sites and press releases were reviewed to

Ranis Cheng; Tony Hines; Ian Grime

2008-01-01

334

Girl Stories: On Narrative Constructions of Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Helping students understand the complexities of identity is a fundamental component of our teacher education program. Gender, race, class, sexuality, and other markers of identity are inextricably linked, yet students often come to us unaware of the social construction of identity. We have found that stories are compelling tools that can give students access to such understanding. In this article,

Kimberly Cosier

335

Girl Stories: On Narrative Constructions of Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

: Helping students understand the complexities of identity is a fundamental component of our teacher education program. Gender, race, class, sexuality, and other markers of identity are inextricably linked, yet students often come to us unaware of the social construction of identity. We have found that stories are compelling tools that can give students access to such understanding. In this

Kimberly Cosier

336

Geographical perspectives on Finnish national identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

National identity has become a catchword in discussions of the relations between culture and nation-states during recent decades. Narratives of nation have become crucial in the definition of the individual, so that other identities are usually understood only as slightly modifying it. The present paper starts from the fact that nation, national identity and nationalism are contextual and co ntested

1997-01-01

337

Individuality and Identity Exploration: An Autophotographic Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examined the relation of identity status and identity style to individuality as portrayed through autophotographic essays of young adults (N= 399) answering the question “who are you?” It was reasoned that those who have engaged in an identity-exploration process should create richer, more individualistic photo essays than those who have not done so. Study 1 briefly presented a

Stephen J. Dollinger; Stephanie M. Clancy Dollinger

1997-01-01

338

Performing identity within a multicultural framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

The role of music in community festivals is often to assist in constructing a particular identity of place, and music functions in such instances as a means to provide a sense of belonging for participants. However, multicultural festivals complicate any simple relationship between place and identity, because such festivals demonstrate the heterogeneous state of both identity and place. Anxieties that

Michelle Duffy

2005-01-01

339

Clearing the air: identity safety moderates the effects of stereotype threat on women's leadership aspirations.  

PubMed

Exposing participants to gender-stereotypic TV commercials designed to elicit the female stereotype, the present research explored whether vulnerability to stereotype threat could persuade women to avoid leadership roles in favor of nonthreatening subordinate roles. Study 1 confirmed that exposure to the stereotypic commercials undermined women's aspirations on a subsequent leadership task. Study 2 established that varying the identity safety of the leadership task moderated whether activation of the female stereotype mediated the effect of the commercials on women's aspirations. Creating an identity-safe environment eliminated vulnerability to stereotype threat despite exposure to threatening situational cues that primed stigmatized social identities and their corresponding stereotypes. PMID:15841859

Davies, Paul G; Spencer, Steven J; Steele, Claude M

2005-02-01

340

Career transitions and identity: a discursive psychological approach to exploring athlete identity in retirement and the transition back into elite sport  

Microsoft Academic Search

Athletes' career transitions have received widespread research attention and have been identified as potentially distressing for athletes. Yet, the transition back into elite sport following retirement, although rare, has not been a focus of research attention. The concept of athlete identity has been widely researched within sport psychology to give insight into the varied experiences of athletes, especially in relation

Suzanne Cosh; Amanda LeCouteur; Shona Crabb; Lisa Kettler

2012-01-01

341

A Simple Varying-alpha Cosmology  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate the cosmological consequences of a simple theory in which the\\u000aelectric charge $e$ is allowed to vary. The theory is locally gauge and Lorentz\\u000ainvariant, and satisfies general covariance. We find that in this theory the\\u000afine structure 'constant', $\\\\alpha $, remains almost constant in the radiation\\u000aera, undergoes small increase in the matter era, but approaches a

John D. Barrow; Joao Magueijo

2001-01-01

342

Cosmology with time-varying G  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is shown that a Universe with a time-varying gravitational “constant”G necessarily implies creation if the rest mass of matter particlesmp is constant. In this case, from Einstein's field equations, the conditions for energy-momentum propagation are ? ·(GTµv) from which matter and photon propagation equations are derived. Free matter particle propagation is not affected by creation that is given byGNpmp=const,

Antonio Alfonso-Faus

1986-01-01

343

Service-interruption costs vary widely  

SciTech Connect

The costs of interruptions in electricity service by class of customer on a worldwide basis is examined, as well as factors relating to these costs. Residential capacity-related outage costs vary from 5 cents/kWh to $1.50/kWh; energy-shortfall outage costs between zero and 50 cents/kWh. Industrial capacity-related costs are typically $1 to $7/kWh; energy-shortfall costs between 5 cents and $1/kWh.

Sanghvi, A.P.

1982-09-01

344

Dark energy from mass varying neutrinos  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We show that mass varying neutrinos (MaVaNs) can behave as a negative pressure fluid which could be the origin of the cosmic acceleration. We derive a model independent relation between the neutrino mass and the equation of state parameter of the neutrino dark energy, which is applicable for general theories of mass varying particles. The neutrino mass depends on the local neutrino density and the observed neutrino mass can exceed the cosmological bound on a constant neutrino mass. We discuss microscopic realizations of the MaVaN acceleration scenario, which involve a sterile neutrino. We consider naturalness constraints for mass varying particles, and find that both eV cut-offs and eV mass particles are needed to avoid fine-tuning. In microscopic realizations of this scenario with a sterile neutrino, these considerations give the sterile neutrino a maximum mass today of order an eV, which could be detectable at MiniBooNE. Because the sterile neutrino was much heavier at earlier times, constraints from big bang nucleosynthesis on additional states are not problematic. We consider regions of high neutrino density and find that the most likely place today to find neutrino masses which are significantly different from the neutrino masses in our solar system is in a supernova. The possibility of different neutrino mass in different regions of the galaxy and the local group could be significant for Z-burst models of ultra-high energy cosmic rays. We also consider the cosmology of and the constraints on the 'acceleron', the scalar field which is responsible for the varying neutrino mass, and briefly discuss neutrino density dependent variations in other constants, such as the fine structure constant.

Fardon, Rob; Nelson, Ann E.; Weiner, Neal

2004-10-01

345

Long wave interaction over varying topography  

Microsoft Academic Search

The propagation of long waves on the surface of a three-dimensional fluid domain bounded below by slowly varying topography is considered. There are two important limits: If the initial data can be written in terms of a discrete set of one-dimensional wavefronts, the resulting wave field is described by a set of variable coefficient Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equations for each

P. Milewski

1998-01-01

346

[Dissociative identity disorder or schizophrenia?].  

PubMed

We present a case of dissociative identity disorder in which Schneiderian first rank symptoms were present besides of various states of consciousness. Thus the diagnosis of schizophrenia had to be considered. Formally, the symptoms met ICD-10 criteria for schizophrenia. However, taking into account the lack of formal thought disorder and of negative symptoms as well as a typical history of severe and prolonged traumatisation, we did not diagnose a co-morbid schizophrenic disorder. There is good evidence for the existence of psychotic symptoms among patients with dissociative disorders. However, in clinical practice this differential diagnosis is rarely considered. PMID:19847739

Tschöke, S; Steinert, T

2009-10-21

347

Codimensions of generalized polynomial identities  

SciTech Connect

It is proved that for every finite-dimensional associative algebra A over a field of characteristic zero there are numbers C element of Q{sub +} and t element of Z{sub +} such that gc{sub n}(A){approx}Cn{sup t}d{sup n} as n{yields}{infinity}, where d=PI exp(A) element of Z{sub +}. Thus, Amitsur's and Regev's conjectures hold for the codimensions gc{sub n}(A) of the generalized polynomial identities. Bibliography: 6 titles.

Gordienko, Aleksei S [M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Mechanics and Mathematics, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2010-02-28

348

Ectodermal dysplasia in identical twins.  

PubMed

Hereditary hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED) is typically inherited as an X-linked recessive trait, characterized by deformity of at least two or more of the ectodermal structures - hair, teeth, nails and sweat glands. Two cases of hereditary HED involving identical male twins, is being documented for the rarity of its occurrence with special attention given to genetics, pathophysiology, clinical, intraoral manifestations and to the methods to improve the masticatory function, the facial esthetics and psychology of patients affected by this disease. PMID:23956595

Puttaraju, Gurkar Haraswarupa; Visveswariah, Paranjyothi Magadi

2013-07-01

349

Elliptical varied line-space (EVLS) gratings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Imaging spectroscopy at wavelengths below 2000 Å offers an especially powerful method for studying many extended high-temperature astronomical objects, like the Sun and its outer layers. But the technology to make such measurements is also especially challenging, because of the poor reflectance of all standard materials at these wavelengths, and because the observation must be made from above the absorbing effects of the Earth's atmosphere. To solve these problems, single-reflection stigmatic spectrographs for XUV wavelengths have bee flown on several space missions based on designs with toroidal uniform line-space (TULS) or spherical varied line-space (SVLS) gratings that operate at near normal-incidence. More recently, three solar EUV/UV instruments have been selected that use toroidal varied line-space (TVLS) gratings; these are SUMI and RAISE, both sounding rocket payloads, and NEXUS, a SMEX satellite-mission. The next logical extension to such designs is the use of elliptical surfaces for varied line-space (EVLS) rulings. In fact, EVLS designs are found to provide superior imaging even at very large spectrograph magnifications and beam-speeds, permitting extremely high-quality performance in remarkably compact instrument packages. In some cases, such designs may be optimized even further by using a hyperbolic surface for the feeding telescope. The optical characteristics of two solar EUV spectrometers based on these concepts are described: EUS and EUI, both being developed as possible instruments for ESA's Solar Orbiter mission by consortia led by RAL and by MSSL, respectively.

Thomas, Roger J.

2004-10-01

350

Adaptive, template moderated, spatially varying statistical classification.  

PubMed

A novel image segmentation algorithm was developed to allow the automatic segmentation of both normal and abnormal anatomy from medical images. The new algorithm is a form of spatially varying statistical classification, in which an explicit anatomical template is used to moderate the segmentation obtained by statistical classification. The algorithm consists of an iterated sequence of spatially varying classification and nonlinear registration, which forms an adaptive, template moderated (ATM), spatially varying statistical classification (SVC). Classification methods and nonlinear registration methods are often complementary, both in the tasks where they succeed and in the tasks where they fail. By integrating these approaches the new algorithm avoids many of the disadvantages of each approach alone while exploiting the combination. The ATM SVC algorithm was applied to several segmentation problems, involving different image contrast mechanisms and different locations in the body. Segmentation and validation experiments were carried out for problems involving the quantification of normal anatomy (MRI of brains of neonates) and pathology of various types (MRI of patients with multiple sclerosis, MRI of patients with brain tumors, MRI of patients with damaged knee cartilage). In each case, the ATM SVC algorithm provided a better segmentation than statistical classification or elastic matching alone. PMID:10972320

Warfield, S K; Kaus, M; Jolesz, F A; Kikinis, R

2000-03-01

351

Men, masculine identities and childbirth.  

PubMed

In recent years, fathers' experiences during childbirth have attracted much research and policy interest. However, little of this work has been grounded in the first-hand accounts of men and there is a lack of theory-based research to help understand men's thoughts and practices around childbirth. This paper is based on qualitative research undertaken with first-time fathers and healthcare professionals. It draws on Connell's (1995) conceptualisation of hegemonic masculinity to explore how men construct masculine identities within the context of pregnancy and childbirth and also how healthcare professionals construct masculinity. The paper demonstrates the ways in which men can find themselves marginalised within the context of pregnancy and childbirth, but are still able to draw on identifiable markers of masculine practice which enable them to enact a masculine form congruent with dominant masculinity. It also illustrates how healthcare professionals' constructions of masculinity enable them to predict how men will behave and allow them to position men in ways that involve minimum disruption to their own practice. The paper also highlights how men's marginal status is embedded in the dynamics of the social structure, which produce and reproduce dominant masculine identities within the context of childbirth. PMID:21561461

Dolan, Alan; Coe, Christine

2011-05-11

352

Women in search of identity.  

PubMed

The All India Women's Conference, in collaboration with the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, organized a seminar on "Women in Search of Identity" on March 11, 1996. Concerns were limited to the refugee women and to migrant or displaced women. Refugee women are disadvantaged and vulnerable; they require protection against forced return to a country of origin where violence and prolonged detention await them. They require legal status that accords adequate social and economic rights and protection against manipulation, sexual or physical abuse, exploitation, and sexual discrimination. These women often flee with their children and without the male head of household; illiterate and unskilled, they are unaccustomed and unprepared to run the household. They have trouble standing up to threats and establishing themselves in a new environment. Displaced women migrate, alone or with men, from a rural area to a city as a part of industrialization. They live in slums and fall victim to exploitation. Also in this group is the illegal immigrant who migrates from neighboring countries for economic reasons. They are the most harassed by the administration and by the neighborhood. They do not belong; have no rights; and are unaware of legalities relating to their stay. They are used as cheap labor and may fall prey to trafficking. Millions are displaced within their own countries, searching for identity, despite being nationals, and live as no man's concern. Many hope to return home soon; many cannot. PMID:12179425

353

Personal identity in Belgium and The Netherlands.  

PubMed

This chapter provides an overview of research on personal identity formation in the Low Countries (Belgium and The Netherlands). First we describe the broader societal context and specificities of Belgium and The Netherlands, then we move to a historical overview of the identity models that have been developed in these countries. Next, we discuss longitudinal findings on personal identity formation and the factors that are associated with individual differences in identity processes. Because both countries are ethnically diverse and Belgium is divided into Dutch-speaking and French-speaking regions, we also discuss the importance of social identity processes. PMID:23225352

Klimstra, Theo A; Luyckx, Koen; Meeus, Wim H J

2012-01-01

354

Identity Gaps and Level of Depression Among Korean Immigrants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Identity gaps are a new theoretical construct that provide a framework for integrating communication into the study of identity and understanding the relationship between identity and health outcomes, such as depression. Derived from the communication theory of identity, identity gaps emerge when elements of identity are inconsistent with each other. This article focuses on 2 types of identity gaps, personal–enacted

Eura Jung; Michael L. Hecht

2008-01-01

355

Transfer of newly acquired stimulus valence between identities in dissociative identity disorder (DID)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patients with Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) frequently report episodes of interidentity amnesia, that is amnesia for events experienced by other identities. The goal of the present experiment was to test the implicit transfer of trauma-related information between identities in DID. We hypothesized that whereas declarative information may transfer from one identity to another, the emotional connotation of the memory may

Rafaële J. C. Huntjens; Madelon L. Peters; Albert Postma; Liesbeth Woertman; Marieke Effting; Onno van der Hart

2005-01-01

356

Does Work Make the Man: Masculine Identity and Work Identity during the Transition to Retirement.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study examines differences in masculine identity and work identity in a cross-section of men at various stages of the transition to retirement. Masculine identity and work identity refer to how closely one identifies with male sex-role expectations an...

T. J. Gradman

1990-01-01

357

The Development of Cognitive Abilities and Social Identities in Children: The Case of Ethnic Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The literature on the development of social identities in children has largely adhered to a cognitive developmental framework. However, to date, there has been little or no direct empirical demonstration of cognitive developmental levels associated with age accounting for variations in the expression of social identities. The current study directly assessed this hypothesis within ethnic identity. Ethnic identity in school-age

Katheryn A. Ocampo; George P. Knight; Martha E. Bernal

1997-01-01

358

An ego identity perspective on volitional action: Identity status, agency, and procrastination  

Microsoft Academic Search

Identity has been positively related to agency. Agency theoretically confers the capacity for action required for timely task completion. Given this theoretical link between identity and procrastination, we hypothesized that level of ego identity development would be negatively related to procrastination. Participants (101 female, 38 male) completed the Extended Objective Measure of Ego Identity Status-revised, the Procrastination Assessment Scale –

Matthew J. Shanahan; Timothy A. Pychyl

2007-01-01

359

Rhetoric of Identity: An Inquiry into Symbolic Syntax and Composition of Black Identity in Bamboozled  

Microsoft Academic Search

The exploration into the epistemological function of symbols, their validity, and how they contribute to identity formation is imperative because of their rhetorical properties in the conceptualization and communication of black identity. In order to conduct such an effort, I draw from the term symbolic material to explore the formation of black identity and the representation of that identity, encrypted

2005-01-01

360

Bridging Identities and Disciplines: Advances and Challenges in Understanding Multiple Identities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The chapters in this volume address the need for a better understanding of the development of intersecting identities over age and context. The chapters provide valuable insights into the development of identities, particularly group identities. They highlight common processes across identities, such as the role of contrast and comparison and the…

Phinney, Jean S.

2008-01-01

361

Conceptualizing Identity Development: Unmasking the Assumptions within Inventories Measuring Identity Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this qualitative research was to analyze the dimensions and manifestations of identity development embedded within commonly used instruments measuring student identity development. To this end, a content analysis of ten identity assessment tools was conducted to determine the assumptions about identity development contained…

Moran, Christy D.

2009-01-01

362

Dual Identity as a Two-Edged Sword: Identity Threat and Minority School Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Some members of ethnic minority groups respond to identity threat in ways that are detrimental to their school career, while others persist despite an unwelcoming school environment. It was hypothesized that ethnic and national identities, as combined in "separated," "assimilated," or "dual identity" strategies, moderate consequences of identity

Baysu, Gulseli; Phalet, Karen; Brown, Rupert

2011-01-01

363

Dual Identity as a Two-Edged Sword: Identity Threat and Minority School Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some members of ethnic minority groups respond to identity threat in ways that are detrimental to their school career, while others persist despite an unwelcoming school environment. It was hypothesized that ethnic and national identities, as combined in "separated," "assimilated," or "dual identity" strategies, moderate consequences of identity

Baysu, Gulseli; Phalet, Karen; Brown, Rupert

2011-01-01

364

Identities, social representations and critical thinking  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This comment on L. Simonneaux and J. Simonneaux paper focuses on the role of identities in dealing with socio-scientific issues. We argue that there are two types of identities (social representations) influencing the students' positions: On the one hand their social representations of the bears' and wolves' identities as belonging to particular countries (Slovenia versus France for bears, France and Italy for wolves), in other words, as having national identities; on the other hand representations of their own identities as belonging to the field of agricultural practitioners, and so sharing this socio-professional identity with shepherds and breeders, as opposed to ecologists. We discuss how these representations of identities influenced students' reasoning and argumentation, blocking in some cases the evaluation of evidence. Implications for developing critical thinking and for dealing with SSI in the classrooms are outlined.

López-Facal, Ramón; Jiménez-Aleixandre, María Pilar

2009-09-01

365

21 CFR 130.17 - Temporary permits for interstate shipment of experimental packs of food varying from the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

21 Food and Drugs 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01...interstate shipment of experimental packs of food varying from the requirements of definitions...identity. 130.17 Section 130.17 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG...

2013-04-01

366

Kuramoto model with time-varying parameters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We analyze the Kuramoto model generalized by explicit consideration of deterministically time-varying parameters. The oscillators' natural frequencies and/or couplings are influenced by external forces with constant or distributed strengths. A dynamics of the collective rhythms is observed, consisting of the external system superimposed on the autonomous one, a characteristic feature of many thermodynamically open systems. This deterministic, stable, continuously time-dependent, collective behavior is fully described, and the external impact to the original system is defined in both the adiabatic and the nonadiabatic limits.

Petkoski, Spase; Stefanovska, Aneta

2012-10-01

367

Laser lithotripsy retropulsion varies with stone mass  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

OBJECTIVES: We tested the hypothesis that retropulsion varies with stone size. METHODS: Stone phantoms of uniform cube dimensions were constructed and irradiated with Ho:YAG energy (0.5 J - 3.5 J). Displacement was measured. RESULTS: At any given pulse energy, retropulsion decreased as stone size increased, p<0.05. At any given stone size, retropulsion increased as pulse energy increased, p<0.05. CONCLUSIONS: A strategy of low pulse energy at high repetition rate is appropriate for ureteral stones. For larger bladder and renal stones, retropulsion is minimal even with high pulse energies. More study is warranted.

Robinson, Michael E.; Teichman, Joel M. H.

368

Talker Separation and Sequential Stream Segregation in Listeners with Hearing Loss: Patterns Associated with Talker Gender.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study of 11 listeners with sensorineural hearing loss examined the ability to separate simultaneous spoken sentences of speakers of different gender and the ability to separate pitch patterns in a sequential stream segregation task. Results suggest that the importance of streaming in the perceptual separation of speakers may depend on the…

Mackersie, Carol L.

2003-01-01

369

Power, Bodies and Identity: How different forms of physical education construct varying masculinities and femininities in secondary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Physical education (PE) lessons are an important arena for the construction and consolidation of dominant and subordinate masculinities and femininities within schools. The gym, sports hall, playing field and associated areas such as changing rooms and showers function as sites both for the gendered display of hegemonic forms of heterosexual masculinity and for the subordination of alternatives. Femininities of different

Carrie Paechter

2003-01-01

370

Climate Dynamics: Why Does Climate Vary?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Climate Dynamics: Why Does Climate Vary? presents the major climate phenomena within the climate system to underscore the potency of dynamics in giving rise to climate change and variability. These phenomena include deep convection over the Indo-Pacific warm pool and its planetary-scale organization: the Madden-Julian Oscillation, the monsoons, the El Niño-Southern Oscillation, the Pacific Decadal Oscillation, and the low-frequency variability of extratropical circulations. The volume also has a chapter focusing on the discussion of the causes of the recent melting of Arctic sea ice and a chapter devoted to the discussion of the causes of recent changes in the frequency and intensity of tropical cyclones. On each topic, the basic material of climate dynamics is covered to aid the understanding of the forefront research, making the volume accessible to a broad spectrum of readers. The volume highlights include • Diabatic and nonlinear aspects of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation • Causes of sea ice melting in the Arctic • Impact of global warming on tropical cyclone activity • Origins of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation • Causes of climate variability of Asian monsoons The volume will be of particular interest to graduate students and young researchers in atmospheric and oceanic sciences and related disciplines such as geology and geography. The book will also be a good read for those who have a more general interest in the Earth's climate and why it varies.

Sun, De-Zheng; Bryan, Frank

371

Stereoscopic depth perception varies with hues  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The contribution of color information to stereopsis is controversial, and whether the stereoscopic depth perception varies with chromaticity is ambiguous. This study examined the changes in depth perception caused by hue variations. Based on the fact that a greater disparity range indicates more efficient stereoscopic perception, the effect of hue variations on depth perception was evaluated through the disparity range with random-dot stereogram stimuli. The disparity range was obtained by constant-stimulus method for eight chromaticity points sampled from the CIE 1931 chromaticity diagram. Eight sample points include four main color hues: red, yellow, green, and blue at two levels of chroma. The results show that the disparity range for the yellow hue is greater than the red hue, the latter being greater than the blue hue and the disparity range for green hue is smallest. We conclude that the perceived depth is not the same for different hues for a given size of disparity. We suggest that the stereoscopic depth perception can vary with chromaticity.

Chen, Zaiqing; Shi, Junsheng; Tai, Yonghang; Yun, Lijun

2012-09-01

372

Controlling Contagion Processes in Time Varying Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The vast majority of strategies aimed at controlling contagion and spreading processes on networks consider the connectivity pattern of the system as quenched. In this paper, we consider the class of activity driven networks to analytically evaluate how different control strategies perform in time-varying networks. We consider the limit in which the evolution of the structure of the network and the spreading process are simultaneous yet independent. We analyze three control strategies based on node's activity patterns to decide the removal/immunization of nodes. We find that targeted strategies aimed at the removal of active nodes outperform by orders of magnitude the widely used random strategies. In time-varying networks however any finite time observation of the network dynamics provides only incomplete information on the nodes' activity and does not allow the precise ranking of the most active nodes as needed to implement targeted strategies. Here we develop a control strategy that focuses on targeting the egocentric time-aggregated network of a small control group of nodes.The presented strategy allows the control of spreading processes by removing a fraction of nodes much smaller than the random strategy while at the same time limiting the observation time on the system.

Liu, Suyu; Perra, Nicola; Karsai, Marton; Vespignani, Alessandro

2013-03-01

373

Quantum-critical Pairing with Varying Exponents  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We analyze the onset temperature T p for the pairing in cuprate superconductors at small doping, when tendency towards antiferromagnetism is strong. We consider the model of Moon and Sachdev (MS), which assumes that electron and hole pockets survive in a paramagnetic phase. Within this model, the pairing between fermions is mediated by a gauge boson, whose propagator remains massless in a paramagnet. We relate the MS model to a generic ?-model of quantum-critical pairing with the pairing kernel ?(?n)?1/?^{?}n. We show that, over some range of parameters, the MS model is equivalent to ?=1/3-model ( ?(?)??-1/3). We find, however, that the parameter range where this analogy works is bounded on both ends. At larger deviations from a magnetic phase, the MS model becomes equivalent to ? model with varying ?>1/3, whose value depends on the distance to a magnetic transition and approaches ?=1 deep in a paramagnetic phase. Very near the transition, the MS model becomes equivalent to ? model with varying ?<1/3. Right at the magnetic QCP, the MS model is equivalent to the model with ?(? n )?log ? n , which is the model for color superconductivity. Using this analogy, we verify the formula for T c derived for color superconductivity.

Moon, Eun-Gook; Chubukov, Andrey

2010-10-01

374

Varying execution discipline to increase performance  

SciTech Connect

This research investigates the relationship between execution discipline and performance. The hypothesis has two parts: 1. Different execution disciplines exhibit different performance for different computations, and 2. These differences can be effectively predicted by heuristics. A machine model is developed that can vary its execution discipline. That is, the model can execute a given program using either the control-driven, data-driven or demand-driven execution discipline. This model is referred to as a ``variable-execution-discipline`` machine. The instruction set for the model is the Program Dependence Web (PDW). The first part of the hypothesis will be tested by simulating the execution of the machine model on a suite of computations, based on the Livermore Fortran Kernel (LFK) Test (a.k.a. the Livermore Loops), using all three execution disciplines. Heuristics are developed to predict relative performance. These heuristics predict (a) the execution time under each discipline for one iteration of each loop and (b) the number of iterations taken by that loop; then the heuristics use those predictions to develop a prediction for the execution of the entire loop. Similar calculations are performed for branch statements. The second part of the hypothesis will be tested by comparing the results of the simulated execution with the predictions produced by the heuristics. If the hypothesis is supported, then the door is open for the development of machines that can vary execution discipline to increase performance.

Campbell, P.L.; Maccabe, A.B.

1993-12-22

375

Identity-expression interaction in face perception: Sex, visual field, and psychophysical factors.  

PubMed

We investigated the psychophysical factors underlying the identity-emotion interaction in face perception. Visual field and sex were also taken into account. Participants had to judge whether a probe face, presented in either the left or the right visual field, and a central target face belonging to same person while emotional expression varied (Experiment 1) or to judge whether probe and target faces expressed the same emotion while identity was manipulated (Experiment 2). For accuracy we replicated the mutual facilitation effect between identity and emotion; no sex or hemispheric differences were found. Processing speed measurements, however, showed a lesser degree of interference in women than in men, especially for matching identity when faces expressed different emotions after a left visual presentation probe face. Psychophysical indices can be used to determine whether these effects are perceptual (A') or instead arise at a post-perceptual decision-making stage (B"). The influence of identity on the processing of facial emotion seems to be due to perceptual factors, whereas the influence of emotion changes on identity processing seems to be related to decisional factors. In addition, men seem to be more "conservative" after a LVF/RH probe-face presentation when processing identity. Women seem to benefit from better abilities to extract facial invariant aspects relative to identity. PMID:23163487

Godard, Ornella; Baudouin, Jean-Yves; Bonnet, Philippe; Fiori, Nicole

2012-11-19

376

Identity transformation in medical students.  

PubMed

This paper reviews the literature on the impact of medical school on personal development and consolidation of core identity. The limited literature relies on reports from medical students' journaling exercises, discussion groups, post-graduation surveys, and repeated personality testing. We review forces acting on medical students, with potential transforming effects. These forces include high external expectations and internal fear of superficial knowledge and skills, entry into the culture of medicine with its insider jargon and hierarchy, high academic workload, and the emotional burdens of confronting cadavers and death as well as bearing witness to patients' suffering. Potential developmental delay, emergence of substance abuse and hedonic acting out, cynicism, and loss of individual core values are possible consequences. Protections against these adverse outcomes include identification of strong mentors and role models, developing post-conventional morality and relativistic thinking, finding healthy coping strategies such as peer support, and remaining intellectually creative and personally reflective. PMID:19295620

Cohen, Mitchell J M; Kay, Abigail; Youakim, James M; Balaicuis, John M; Balacius, John M

2009-03-01

377

GENERAL: Synchronization of stochastically hybrid coupled neural networks with coupling discrete and distributed time-varying delays  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A general model of linearly stochastically coupled identical connected neural networks with hybrid coupling is proposed, which is composed of constant coupling, coupling discrete time-varying delay and coupling distributed time-varying delay. All the coupling terms are subjected to stochastic disturbances described in terms of Brownian motion, which reflects a more realistic dynamical behaviour of coupled systems in practice. Based on a simple adaptive feedback controller and stochastic stability theory, several sufficient criteria are presented to ensure the synchronization of linearly stochastically coupled complex networks with coupling mixed time-varying delays. Finally, numerical simulations illustrated by scale-free complex networks verify the effectiveness of the proposed controllers.

Tang, Yang; Zhong, Hui-Huang; Fang, Jian-An

2008-11-01

378

Social identity framing: Leader communication for social change  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Social identity framing (SIF) delineates a process of intergroup communication that leaders may engage in to promote a vision of social change. As a step towards social change, social identity may need to be altered to accommodate a new view of the group, its collective goals, and its place alongside other groups. Thus, social identity content may be deconstructed and reconstructed by the leader en route to change. SIF suggests that this may be achieved through a series of 16 communication tactics, which are largely derived from previous research (Seyranian & Bligh, 2008). This research used an experimental design to test the effectiveness of three SIF communication tactics - inclusion, similarity to followers, and positive social identity - on a number of follower outcomes. Students ( N=246) were randomly assigned to read one of eight possible speeches promoting renewable energy on campus that was ostensibly from a student leader. The speeches were varied to include or exclude the three communication tactics. Following the speech, participants completed a dependent measures questionnaire. Results indicated that similarity to followers and positive social identity did not affect follower outcomes. However, students exposed to inclusion were more likely to indicate that renewable energy was ingroup normative; intend to engage in collective action to bring renewable energy to campus; experience positive emotional reactions towards change; feel more confident about the possibility of change; and to view the leader more positively. The combination of inclusion and positive social identity increased perceptions of charismatic leadership. Perceived leader prototypicality and cognitive elaboration of the leader's message resulted in more favorable attitudes towards renewable energy. Perceived leader prototypicality was also directly related to social identification, environmental values, ingroup injunctive norms, and self-stereotypes. Overall, these results support SIF theory by providing evidence that communication that implicates social identity (i.e., inclusion) is an important aspect of the leader-follower influence process and that it can be used to bring about changes such as promoting environmental conservation policies. Avenues of future research on SIF are discussed.

Seyranian, Viviane

379

Inference of temporally varying Bayesian Networks  

PubMed Central

Motivation: When analysing gene expression time series data, an often overlooked but crucial aspect of the model is that the regulatory network structure may change over time. Although some approaches have addressed this problem previously in the literature, many are not well suited to the sequential nature of the data. Results: Here, we present a method that allows us to infer regulatory network structures that may vary between time points, using a set of hidden states that describe the network structure at a given time point. To model the distribution of the hidden states, we have applied the Hierarchical Dirichlet Process Hidden Markov Model, a non-parametric extension of the traditional Hidden Markov Model, which does not require us to fix the number of hidden states in advance. We apply our method to existing microarray expression data as well as demonstrating is efficacy on simulated test data. Contact: thomas.thorne@imperial.ac.uk

Thorne, Thomas; Stumpf, Michael P. H.

2012-01-01

380

Percolation model with continuously varying exponents  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This work analyzes a percolation model on the diamond hierarchical lattice (DHL), where the percolation transition is retarded by the inclusion of a probability of erasing specific connected structures. It has been inspired by the recent interest on the existence of other universality classes of percolation models. The exact scale invariance and renormalization properties of DHL leads to recurrence maps, from which analytical expressions for the critical exponents and precise numerical results in the limit of very large lattices can be derived. The critical exponents ? and ? of the investigated model vary continuously as the erasing probability changes. An adequate choice of the erasing probability leads to the result ?=?, like in some phase transitions involving vortex formation. The percolation transition is continuous, with ?>0, but ? can be as small as desired. The modified percolation model turns out to be equivalent to the Q?1 limit of a Potts model with specific long range interactions on the same lattice.

Andrade, R. F. S.; Herrmann, H. J.

2013-10-01

381

Ellipsometry with randomly varying polarization states.  

PubMed

We show that, under the right conditions, one can make highly accurate polarization-based measurements without knowing the absolute polarization state of the probing light field. It is shown that light, passed through a randomly varying birefringent material has a well-defined orbit on the Poincar sphere, which we term a generalized polarization state, that is preserved. Changes to the generalized polarization state can then be used in place of the absolute polarization states that make up the generalized state, to measure the change in polarization due to a sample under investigation. We illustrate the usefulness of this analysis approach by demonstrating fiber-based ellipsometry, where the polarization state of the probe light is unknown, and, yet, the ellipsometric angles of the investigated sample (? and ?) are obtained with an accuracy comparable to that of conventional ellipsometry instruments by measuring changes to the generalized polarization state. PMID:22274433

Liu, Feng; Lee, Chris J; Chen, Juequan; Louis, Eric; van der Slot, Peter J M; Boller, Klaus J; Bijkerk, Fred

2012-01-16

382

Time varying arctic climate change amplification  

SciTech Connect

During the past 130 years the global mean surface air temperature has risen by about 0.75 K. Due to feedbacks -- including the snow/ice albedo feedback -- the warming in the Arctic is expected to proceed at a faster rate than the global average. Climate model simulations suggest that this Arctic amplification produces warming that is two to three times larger than the global mean. Understanding the Arctic amplification is essential for projections of future Arctic climate including sea ice extent and melting of the Greenland ice sheet. We use the temperature records from the Arctic stations to show that (a) the Arctic amplification is larger at latitudes above 700 N compared to those within 64-70oN belt, and that, surprisingly; (b) the ratio of the Arctic to global rate of temperature change is not constant but varies on the decadal timescale. This time dependence will affect future projections of climate changes in the Arctic.

Chylek, Petr [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dubey, Manvendra K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lesins, Glen [DALLHOUSIE U; Wang, Muyin [NOAA/JISAO

2009-01-01

383

Climate dynamics: Why does climate vary?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent years, climate change has become a major focus of public and political discussion. Ongoing scientific inquiry, revolving predominantly around understanding the anthropogenic effects of rising greenhouse gas levels, coupled with how successfully findings are communicated to the public, has made climate science both contentious and exigent. In the AGU monograph Climate Dynamics: Why Does Climate Vary?, editors De-Zheng Sun and Frank Bryan reinforce the importance of investigating the complex dynamics that underlie the natural variability of the climate system. Understanding this complexity—particularly how the natural variability of climate may enhance or mask anthropogenic warming—could have important consequences for the future. In this interview, Eos talks to De-Zheng Sun.

Schultz, Colin

2011-08-01

384

Fundamental Investigation of Circumferentially Varying Stator Cascades  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The fundamentals of circumferentially varying stator cascades and their interactions with a downstream fixed pitch propeller were investigated experimentally utilizing multiple measurement techniques. The flow physics associated with the isolated circumferentially varying, or cyclic, stator cascade was studied in a wind tunnel environment through string tuft flow visualization, 2-D PIV, Stereoscopic PIV, and static surface pressure measurements. The coupled wake physics of the cyclic stator cascade with propeller were then investigated in a water tunnel using Stereo PIV. Finally, the global performance of components and the coupled system were quantified through force and moment measurements on the model in the water tunnel. A cyclic distribution of the stators' deflections resulted in non-axisymmetric distributions of the surface pressure and the flow field downstream of the stator array. In the model near wake the flow field is associated with secondary flow patterns in the form of coherent streamwise vortical structures that can be described by potential flow mechanisms. The collective pitch distribution of the stators produces a flow field that resembles a potential Rankine vortex, whereas the cyclic pitch distribution generates a flow pattern that can be described by a potential vortex pair in a cross flow. The stator distribution alone produces a significant side force that increases linearly with stator pitch amplitude. When a propeller is incorporated downstream from the cyclic cascade the side force from the stator cascade is reduced, but a small vertical force and pitching moment are created. The generation of these secondary forces and moments can be related to the redistribution of the tangential flow from the cyclic cascade into the axial direction by the retreating and advancing blade states of the fixed pitch propeller.

Farnsworth, John A. N.

385

Time varying, multivariate volume data reduction  

SciTech Connect

Large-scale supercomputing is revolutionizing the way science is conducted. A growing challenge, however, is understanding the massive quantities of data produced by large-scale simulations. The data, typically time-varying, multivariate, and volumetric, can occupy from hundreds of gigabytes to several terabytes of storage space. Transferring and processing volume data of such sizes is prohibitively expensive and resource intensive. Although it may not be possible to entirely alleviate these problems, data compression should be considered as part of a viable solution, especially when the primary means of data analysis is volume rendering. In this paper we present our study of multivariate compression, which exploits correlations among related variables, for volume rendering. Two configurations for multidimensional compression based on vector quantization are examined. We emphasize quality reconstruction and interactive rendering, which leads us to a solution using graphics hardware to perform on-the-fly decompression during rendering. In this paper we present a solution which addresses the need for data reduction in large supercomputing environments where data resulting from simulations occupies tremendous amounts of storage. Our solution employs a lossy encoding scheme to acrueve data reduction with several options in terms of rate-distortion behavior. We focus on encoding of multiple variables together, with optional compression in space and time. The compressed volumes can be rendered directly with commodity graphics cards at interactive frame rates and rendering quality similar to that of static volume renderers. Compression results using a multivariate time-varying data set indicate that encoding multiple variables results in acceptable performance in the case of spatial and temporal encoding as compared to independent compression of variables. The relative performance of spatial vs. temporal compression is data dependent, although temporal compression has the advantage of offering smooth animations, while spatial compression can handle volumes of larger dimensions.

Ahrens, James P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Fout, Nathaniel [UC DAVIS; Ma, Kwan - Liu [UC DAVIS

2010-01-01

386

"Am I my genes?": Questions of identity among individuals confronting genetic disease  

PubMed Central

Purpose To explore many questions raised by genetics concerning personal identities that have not been fully investigated. Methods We interviewed in depth, for 2 hours each, 64 individuals who had or were at risk for Huntington disease, breast cancer, or alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency. Results These individuals struggled with several difficult issues of identity. They drew on a range of genotypes and phenotypes (e.g., family history alone; mutations, but no symptoms; or symptoms). They often felt that their predicament did not fit preexisting categories well (e.g., “sick,” “healthy,” “disabled,” “predisposed”), due in part to uncertainties involved (e.g., unclear prognoses, since mutations may not produce symptoms). Hence, individuals varied in how much genetics affected their identity, in what ways, and how negatively. Factors emerged related to disease, family history, and other sources of identity. These identities may, in turn, shape disclosure, coping, and other health decisions. Conclusions Individuals struggle to construct a genetic identity. They view genetic information in highly subjective ways, varying widely in what aspects of genetic information they focus on and how. These data have important implications for education of providers (to assist patients with these issues), patients, and family members; and for research, to understand these issues more fully.

Klitzman, Robert

2013-01-01

387

Intermediate quantum statistics for identical objects  

SciTech Connect

Methods to construct various algebras of creation and annihilation operators of physical objects in complex quantum state spaces with a nonnegative metric are proposed. All allowed algebras for the cases of identical nonrelativistic systems in the second quantization of the Schrodinger equation, of identical quanta of relativistic tensor fields, and of identical quanta of relativistic spinor fields are constructed. A comparison of the obtained algebras with the well-known algebras of this type (Fermi, Bose, para-Fermi, and superalgebras) is given.

Kuryshkin, V.V.

1988-11-01

388

Social identity threat and consumer preferences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although marketers often link brands with an aspect of consumer social identity, the current research demonstrates that such brand-identity linkages may sometimes have negative consequences. Consumers motivated to protect and maintain feelings of individual self-worth alter their product evaluations and choices to avoid a threatened aspect of their own social identity. Whereas those low in collective self-esteem (CSE) tend to

Katherine White; Jennifer J. Argo

2009-01-01

389

Two types of cross-gender identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

A revision of the typology of male cross-gender identity was carried out by means of formalized, easily replicable methods. The results suggest (1) that there are two discrete types of cross-gender identity, one heterosexual, the other homosexual; (2) that transvestism, and closely related conditions of cross-gender identity, occur exclusively or almost exclusively in heterosexuals; (3) that of the two types

Kurt Freund; Betty W. Steiner; Samuel Chan

1982-01-01

390

On Being Indigenous: An Essay on the Hermeneutics of "Cultural Identity"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The range of cultural resources distributed along developmental pathways open to young persons as they frame the outlines of their own identities is not fixed, but inevitably varies across historical moments. The young lives most touched by such transitional circumstances arguably belong to those that find themselves growing up in times of…

Chandler, M. J.

2013-01-01

391

The Effect of Profile Elevation on the Relationship between Interest Differentiation and Vocational Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines the varying relationships between vocational identity and differentiation of vocational interests while taking into account levels of profile elevation as the moderator. The participants were 130 high school students who attended a vocational guidance programme at a youth counselling centre in Korea. The relationship between…

Im, Seongah

2011-01-01

392

Organizational Dynamics and Construction of Multiple Feminist Identities in the National Organization for Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through an analysis of two National Organization for Women chapters, the author finds that members construct multiple feminist identities that vary in collective definitions of feminism, the overall strategies adopted, and organizational culture. To explain these variations, the author analyzes meso-level relations between the organization and the environment, issues of diversity, and leadership continuity. This study illustrates how organizational factors

JO REGER

2002-01-01

393

Stoichiometry of nutrient recycling by vertebrates in a tropical stream: linking species identity and ecosystem processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ecological stoichiometry offers a framework for predicting how animal species vary in recycling nutrients, thus providing a mechanism for how animal species identity mediates ecosystem processes. Here we show that variation in the rates and ratios at which 28 vertebrate species (fish, amphibians) recycled nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) in a tropical stream supports stoichiometry theory. Mass-specific P excretion rate

Michael J. Vanni; Alexander S. Flecker; James M. Hood; Jenifer L. Headworth

2002-01-01

394

Teachers' understanding of a Kenyan identity as a basis for their teaching strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article uses data obtained through semi-structured interviews to explore the explanations of the teaching strategies provided by secondary-school teachers of history in Kenya. They had to teach the subject to promote a Kenyan identity based on respect for the ‘varied cultures’ within the country. Their explanations reveal what they considered important to implement successfully this aim of the syllabus.

Maropeng Modiba; Angela Odhiambo

2009-01-01

395

Re-Membering Culture: Bearing Witness to the Spirit of Identity in Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article examines the complexities and possibilities of identity (leaning on DuBois' notion of double consciousness) when located not in the white racial landscape of the US but in the varied racial, cultural and (inter)national contexts explicated by the scholars gathered in this issue of "REE". One way to read this response might be as a…

Dillard, Cynthia B.

2008-01-01

396

How Dresses Can Make You Mentally Ill: Examining Gender Identity Disorder in Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the diagnostic category of Gender Identity Disorder in Children (GIDC) and its evolution. It also critiques the continued use of GIDC on conceptual, psychometric, and ethical grounds. Gender atypicality is a social construction that varies over time according to culture and social class and therefore should not be pathologized.

Susan J. Langer; James I. Martin

2004-01-01

397

Clinician Judgment in the Diagnosis of Gender Identity Disorder in Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clinician judgment methodology was used to explore the influence of gender nonconformity and gender dysphoria on the diagnosis of children with Gender Identity Disorder (GID). A convenience sample of 73 licensed psychologists randomly received a vignette to diagnose. Vignettes varied across sex of child, gender conforming behavior, and gender dysphoria (including all possible permutations). Eight percent of respondents given a

Randall D. Ehrbar; Marjorie C. Witty; Hans G. Ehrbar; Walter O. Bockting

2008-01-01

398

Factors related to vocational identity after extensive work experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studied the nature of vocational identity after extensive work experience using J. E. Marcia's 4-category classification system for ego identity. 55 adult males (recruited through their undergraduate sons) were interviewed concerning identity status, education, and the use of intrinsic vs extrinsic motivation in career selection. The most frequent identity status was foreclosure, followed in order by identity diffusion and identity

Alan S. Waterman; Caroline K. Waterman

1976-01-01

399

Dissociative identity disorder: Medicolegal challenges.  

PubMed

Persons with dissociative identity disorder (DID) often present in the criminal justice system rather than the mental health system and perplex experts in both professions. DID is a controversial diagnosis with important medicolegal implications. Defendants have claimed that they committed serious crimes, including rape or murder, while they were in a dissociated state. Asserting that their alter personality committed the bad act, defendants have pleaded not guilty by reason of insanity (NGRI). In such instances, forensic experts are asked to assess the defendant for DID and provide testimony in court. Debate continues over whether DID truly exists, whether expert testimony should be allowed into evidence, and whether it should exculpate defendants for their criminal acts. This article reviews historical and theoretical perspectives on DID, presents cases that illustrate the legal implications and controversies of raising an insanity defense based on multiple personalities, and examines the role of forensic experts asked to comment on DID with the goal of assisting clinicians in the medicolegal assessment of DID in relation to crimes. PMID:21908758

Farrell, Helen M

2011-01-01

400

Voice similarity in identical twins.  

PubMed

If people are asked to discriminate visually the two individuals of a monozygotic twin (MT), they mostly get into trouble. Does this problem also exist when listening to twin voices? Twenty female and 10 male MT voices were randomly assembled with one "strange" voice to get voice trios. The listeners (10 female students in Speech and Language Pathology) were asked to label the twins (voices 1-2, 1-3 or 2-3) in two conditions: two standard sentences read aloud and a 2.5-second midsection of a sustained /a/. The proportion correctly labelled twins was for female voices 82% and 63% and for male voices 74% and 52% for the sentences and the sustained /a/ respectively, both being significantly greater than chance (33%). The acoustic analysis revealed a high intra-twin correlation for the speaking fundamental frequency (SFF) of the sentences and the fundamental frequency (F0) of the sustained /a/. So the voice pitch could have been a useful characteristic in the perceptual identification of the twins. We conclude that there is a greater perceptual resemblance between the voices of identical twins than between voices without genetic relationship. The identification however is not perfect. The voice pitch possibly contributes to the correct twin identifications. PMID:11256192

Van Gysel, W D; Vercammen, J; Debruyne, F

2001-01-01

401

"Putting the face to the voice": matching identity across modality.  

PubMed

Speech perception provides compelling examples of a strong link between auditory and visual modalities. This link originates in the mechanics of speech production, which, in shaping the vocal tract, determine the movement of the face as well as the sound of the voice. In this paper, we present evidence that equivalent information about identity is available cross-modally from both the face and voice. Using a delayed matching to sample task, XAB, we show that people can match the video of an unfamiliar face, X, to an unfamiliar voice, A or B, and vice versa, but only when stimuli are moving and are played forward. The critical role of time-varying information is underlined by the ability to match faces to voices containing only the coarse spatial and temporal information provided by sine wave speech [5]. The effect of varying sentence content across modalities was small, showing that identity-specific information is not closely tied to particular utterances. We conclude that the physical constraints linking faces to voices result in bimodally available dynamic information, not only about what is being said, but also about who is saying it. PMID:14521837

Kamachi, Miyuki; Hill, Harold; Lander, Karen; Vatikiotis-Bateson, Eric

2003-09-30

402

Stability of mass varying particle lumps  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The theoretical description of compact structures that share some features with mass varying particles allows for a simple analysis of the equilibrium and stability for massive stellar bodies. We investigate static, spherically symmetric solutions of Einstein equations for a system composed by nonbaryonic matter (neutrinos or dark matter) which forms stable structures through attractive forces mediated by a background scalar field (dark energy). Assuming that the dark matter, or massive neutrinos, consists of a gas of weakly interacting particles, the coupling with the scalar field is translated into an effective dependence of the mass of the compounding particle on the radial coordinate of the curved spacetime. The stability analysis reveals that these static solutions become dynamically unstable for different Buchdahl limits of the ratio between the total mass energy and the stellar radius, M/R. We also find regular solutions that for an external observer resemble Schwarzschild black holes. Our analysis leaves unanswered the question whether such solutions, which are both regular and stable, do exist.

Bernardini, A. E.; Bertolami, O.

2009-12-01

403

Microsatellites in varied arenas of research.  

PubMed

Microsatellites known as simple-sequence repeats (SSRs) or short-tandem repeats (STRs), represent specific sequences of DNA consisting of tandemly repeated units of one to six nucleotides. The repetitive nature of microsatellites makes them particularly prone to grow or shrink in length and these changes can have both good and bad consequences for the organisms that possess them. They are responsible for various neurological diseases and hence the same cause is now utilized for the early detection of various diseases, such as, Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder, Congenital generalized Hypertrichosis, Asthma, and Bronchial Hyperresponsiveness. These agents are widely used for forensic identification and relatedness testing, and are predominant genetic markers in this area of application. The application of microsatellites is an extending web and covers the varied scenarios of science, such as, conservation biology, plant genetics, and population studies. At present, researches are progressing round the globe to extend the use of these genetic repeaters to unmask the hidden genetic secrets behind the creation of the world. PMID:21814449

Remya, K S; Joseph, Sigimol; Lakshmi, P K; Akhila, S

2010-04-01

404

Microsatellites in varied arenas of research  

PubMed Central

Microsatellites known as simple-sequence repeats (SSRs) or short-tandem repeats (STRs), represent specific sequences of DNA consisting of tandemly repeated units of one to six nucleotides. The repetitive nature of microsatellites makes them particularly prone to grow or shrink in length and these changes can have both good and bad consequences for the organisms that possess them. They are responsible for various neurological diseases and hence the same cause is now utilized for the early detection of various diseases, such as, Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder, Congenital generalized Hypertrichosis, Asthma, and Bronchial Hyperresponsiveness. These agents are widely used for forensic identification and relatedness testing, and are predominant genetic markers in this area of application. The application of microsatellites is an extending web and covers the varied scenarios of science, such as, conservation biology, plant genetics, and population studies. At present, researches are progressing round the globe to extend the use of these genetic repeaters to unmask the hidden genetic secrets behind the creation of the world.

Remya, K. S.; Joseph, Sigimol; Lakshmi, P. K.; Akhila, S.

2010-01-01

405

Vector curvaton with varying kinetic function  

SciTech Connect

A new model realization of the vector curvaton paradigm is presented and analyzed. The model consists of a single massive Abelian vector field, with a Maxwell-type kinetic term. By assuming that the kinetic function and the mass of the vector field are appropriately varying during inflation, it is shown that a scale-invariant spectrum of superhorizon perturbations can be generated. These perturbations can contribute to the curvature perturbation of the Universe. If the vector field remains light at the end of inflation it is found that it can generate substantial statistical anisotropy in the spectrum and bispectrum of the curvature perturbation. In this case the non-Gaussianity in the curvature perturbation is predominantly anisotropic, which will be a testable prediction in the near future. If, on the other hand, the vector field is heavy at the end of inflation then it is demonstrated that particle production is approximately isotropic and the vector field alone can give rise to the curvature perturbation, without directly involving any fundamental scalar field. The parameter space for both possibilities is shown to be substantial. Finally, toy models are presented which show that the desired variation of the mass and kinetic function of the vector field can be realistically obtained, without unnatural tunings, in the context of supergravity or superstrings.

Dimopoulos, Konstantinos; Karciauskas, Mindaugas; Wagstaff, Jacques M. [Physics Department, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YB (United Kingdom)

2010-01-15

406

Varying Collimation for Dark-Field Extraction  

PubMed Central

Although x-ray imaging is widely used in biomedical applications, biological soft tissues have small density changes, leading to low contrast resolution for attenuation-based x-ray imaging. Over the past years, x-ray small-angle scattering was studied as a new contrast mechanism to enhance subtle structural variation within the soft tissue. In this paper, we present a detection method to extract this type of x-ray scattering data, which are also referred to as dark-field signals. The key idea is to acquire an x-ray projection multiple times with varying collimation before an x-ray detector array. The projection data acquired with a collimator of a sufficiently high collimation aspect ratio contain mainly the primary beam with little scattering, while the data acquired with an appropriately reduced collimation aspect ratio include both the primary beam and small-angle scattering signals. Then, analysis of these corresponding datasets will produce desirable dark-field signals; for example, via digitally subtraction. In the numerical experiments, the feasibility of our dark-field detection technology is demonstrated in Monte Carlo simulation. The results show that the acquired dark field signals can clearly reveal the structural information of tissues in terms of Rayleigh scattering characteristics.

Wang, Ge; Cong, Wenxiang; Shen, Haiou; Zou, Yu

2009-01-01

407

Filtration behavior of slurries with varying compressibilities  

SciTech Connect

A novel filtration apparatus allows simultaneous measurements of filtrate volume, hydraulic pressure and cake thickness using slurry volumes on the order of 100 cm/sup 3/. Differences in interparticle interactions were studied by varying the barium chloride concentration of 0.38-..mu..m polystyrene latex and filtering at pressures between 2 and 100 psi. Cakes formed from these slurries are highly compressible for concentrations between 0.01M and 0.10M, moderately compressible for the 0.005M concentration, and incompressible for the 0.001M concentration. Plots of filtrate volume versus cake thickness were linear for the incompressible cakes, whereas the compressible cakes showed significant deviations, which were pressure dependent. The pressure distribution for the incompressible cake was found to be essentially linear as predicted from the resistance plots assuming constant ..cap alpha.. and epsilon. For the highly compressible cakes, most of the pressure drop appears to occur near the cake/medium interface with only small changes occurring at the top of the cake.

Massuda, M.; Bridger, K.; Harvey, M.; Tiller, F.M.

1988-10-01

408

Dermatophyte susceptibility varies towards antimicrobial textiles.  

PubMed

Dermatophytoses are a widespread problem worldwide. Textiles in contact with infected skin can serve as a carrier for fungus propagation. Hitherto, it is unknown, whether antifungal textiles could contribute in controlling dermatophytes e.g. by disrupting the chain of infection. Testing of antimicrobial fabrics for their antifungal activities therefore is a fundamental prerequisite to assess the putative clinical relevance of textiles for dermatophyte prevention. Fabrics finished with either didecyldimethylammonium chloride (DDAC), poly-hexamethylenbiguanide, copper and two silver chloride concentrations were tested for their antifungal activity against Trichophyton rubrum, Trichophyton mentagrophytes and Candida albicans. To prove dermatophyte susceptibility towards the textiles, swatches were subjected to DIN EN 14199 (Trichophyton sp.) or DIN EN ISO 20743 (C.?albicans) respectively. In addition, samples were embedded, and semi-thin sections were analysed microscopically. While all samples showed a clear inhibition of C.?albicans, activity against Trichophyton sp. varied significantly: For example, DDAC completely inhibited T.?rubrum growth, whereas T.?mentagrophytes growth remained unaffected even in direct contact to the fibres. The results favour to add T.?mentagrophytes as a test organism in textile dermatophyte efficacy tests. Microscopic analysis of swatches allowed detailed evaluation of additional parameters like mycelium thickness, density and hyphae penetration depth into the fabric. PMID:21914005

Hammer, Timo R; Mucha, Helmut; Hoefer, Dirk

2011-09-13

409

Changing institutional identities of the student nurse.  

PubMed

This paper emphasises the tensions between the ideal of the compliant within care settings and the ideal of the critical thinker within the university setting with reference to student nurse education and identity. Identity is an important part of who we are as people. While modernisation and increased professionalisation of nursing have impacted on staff and patients mostly in a positive way, changes in the management of nursing education in the past 20 years have also heralded a remarkable change in the student identity. Historically informed by association with a particular hospital or health service provider, student nurse identity was shaped by institutional rituals and routine, physically embodied in objects such as uniforms and hospital medals and informed by claims to honesty, virtue and personal integrity (Bradby, 1990). Once part of the structure and fabric of hospital life, nursing students functioned as part of the health care service. As such, their identity was synonymous with that of practicing nurses, whose learning needs were secondary to that of the organisational needs. While this social milieu provided the platform for the formation of institutional pride, belonging and identity, such forms of identity can result in institutional compliance; with the associated risk of ritualistic practice, poor levels of transparent accountability and barriers to whistle blowing should substandard practice arise. Increased student freedom and an emphasis on teaching and learning within the university setting may have benefitted students, patients and the profession, however, the potential impact on student identity is less certain. There is evidence to suggest that students are ill-equipped for their professional identity once qualified and thus require more support for this within universities. This paper explores the tensions between traditional hospital identity and contemporary university identity with reference to student nurse education. The ideal of the compliant versus the ideal of the critical thinker will be debated. PMID:22795742

Brennan, Damien; Timmins, Fiona

2012-07-12

410

Two barriers to realizing the benefits of biometrics: a chain perspective on biometrics and identity fraud as biometrics' real challenge  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Along at least twelve dimensions biometric systems might vary. We need to exploit this variety to manoeuvre biometrics into place to be able to realise its social potential. Subsequently, two perspectives on biometrics are proposed revealing that biometrics will probably be ineffective in combating identity fraud, organised crime and terrorism: (1) the value chain perspective explains the first barrier: our strong preference for large scale biometric systems for general compulsory use. These biometric systems cause successful infringements to spread unnoticed. A biometric system will only function adequately if biometrics is indispensable for solving the dominant chain problem. Multi-chain use of biometrics takes it beyond the boundaries of good manageability. (2) the identity fraud perspective exposes the second barrier: our traditional approach to identity verification. We focus on identity documents, neglecting the person and the situation involved. Moreover, western legal cultures have made identity verification procedures known, transparent, uniform and predictable. Thus, we have developed a blind spot to identity fraud. Biometrics provides good potential to better checking persons, but will probably be used to enhance identity documents. Biometrics will only pay off if it confronts the identity fraudster with less predictable verification processes and more risks of his identity fraud being spotted. Standardised large scale applications of biometrics for general compulsory use without countervailing measures will probably produce the reverse. This contribution tentatively presents a few headlines for an overall biometrics strategy that could better resist identity fraud.

Grijpink, Jan

2004-06-01

411

Endophyte communities vary in the needles of Norway spruce clones.  

PubMed

Endophytic fungi show no symptoms of their presence but can influence the performance and vitality of host trees. The potential use of endophytes to indicate vitality has been previously realized, but a standard protocol has yet to be developed due to an incomplete understanding of the factors that regulate endophyte communities. Using a culture-free molecular approach, we examined the extent to which host genotype influences the abundance, species richness, and community composition of endophytic fungi in Norway spruce needles. Briefly, total DNA was extracted from the surface-sterilized needles of 30 clones grown in a nursery field and the copy number of the fungal internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of ribosomal DNA was estimated by quantitative PCR. Fungal species richness and community composition were determined by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis and DNA sequencing. We found that community structure and ITS copy number varied among spruce clones, whereas species richness did not. Host traits interacting with endophyte communities included needle surface area and the location of cuttings in the experimental area. Although Lophodermium piceae is considered the dominant needle endophyte of Norway spruce, we detected this species in only 33% of samples. The most frequently observed fungus (66%) was the potentially pathogenic Phoma herbarum. Interestingly, ITS copy number of endophytic fungi correlated negatively with the richness of ectomycorrhizal fungi and thus potential interactions between fungal communities and their influence on the host tree are discussed. Our results suggest that in addition to environmental factors, endophyte communities of spruce needles are determined by host tree identity and needle surface area. PMID:23537875

Rajala, Tiina; Velmala, Sannakajsa M; Tuomivirta, Tero; Haapanen, Matti; Müller, Michael; Pennanen, Taina

2013-01-30

412

Jewish Identity and Jewish Education: The Jewish Identity Space and Its Contribution to Research and Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Jewish education is widely perceived as one of the major means for strengthening Jewish identity and identification. We examine\\u000a this basic assumption and propose a conceptualization and mapping of the Jewish Identity Space as a tool for better understanding,\\u000a exploring, and applying aspects related to the relationship between Jewish education and Jewish identity. The Jewish Identity\\u000a Space defines the various

Gabriel Horenczyk; Hagit Hacohen Wolf

413

Rhetoric of identity: An inquiry into symbolic syntax and composition of black identity in Bamboozled  

Microsoft Academic Search

The exploration into the epistemological function of symbols, their validity, and how they contribute to identity formation\\u000a is imperative because of their rhetorical properties in the conceptualization and communication of black identity. In order\\u000a to conduct such an effort, I draw from the term symbolic material to explore the formation of black identity and the representation of that identity, encrypted

Gerald Alan Powell

2005-01-01

414

Homosexual identity formation: Testing a theoretical model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Of late, researchers in the area of homosexuality have emphasized the study of homosexual identity formation. Several models have been put forward depicting the process of identity acquisition, but little attempt has been made to test either their accuracy or generality. The study outlined in this paper assesses the validity of several important aspects of my six?stage model of homosexual

Vivienne C. Cass

1984-01-01

415

The Ontogeny of Career Identities in Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Exploration and identity formation are primary developmental tasks during adolescence and the transition to adulthood. Yet little is known about occupational identity formation and growth during this period of life. In this chapter, the authors describe their ongoing research on this topic. First, they present their findings on the ontogeny of…

Malanchuk, Oksana; Messersmith, Emily E.; Eccles, Jacquelynne S.

2010-01-01

416

Biphasic aspects of homosexual identity formation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contends that during adolesence when homosexual self-labeling first occurs, the simultaneous awareness of homoerotic desires and the social odium associated with them tends to bring about conflict and a suppression of homosexual promptings among many homosexual males. The most common developmental consequence of this inhibition is a confounding of the process of identity formation. A biphasic pattern of identity development

Alan K. Malyon

1982-01-01

417

Achievement Goal Orientations and Identity Formation Styles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present article points to shared underlying theoretical assumptions and central processes of a prominent academic motivation perspective--achievement goal theory--and recent process perspectives in the identity formation literature, and more specifically, identity formation styles. The review highlights the shared definition of achievement…

Kaplan, Avi; Flum, Hanoch

2010-01-01

418

Identity and engagement for professional formation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Students enter university with ideas about their future professions. In some disciplines, the profession and the nature of professional work are well understood, while in other areas, they are more opaque. The authors investigate the ways in which students develop a sense of identity with their profession, how the nature of the profession impacts on identity formation, how students engage

Anna Reid; Lars Owe Dahlgren; Peter Petocz; Madeleine Abrandt Dahlgren

2008-01-01

419

Music and Identity Formation in Older Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For many individuals, engagement with the arts and music in later life plays a significant role in identity formation. Research indicates that music engagement facilitates successful aging. While participants may or may not establish identities as musicians, musical activities provide interactions and opportunities that facilitate their…

Dabback, William M.

2010-01-01

420

Compulsory Language Educational Policies and Identity Formation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Education can be at the root of the process of identity formation. Using survey data from Catalonia and the Basque Country, where in 1983 the education system became bilingual, we study how parental choices and schooling interact with each other and contribute to the development of individual identity. The difference between the reforms implemented in the two Spanish regions is

Oriol Aspachs-Bracons; Irma Clots-Figueras; Paolo Masella

2008-01-01

421

Impediments to Identity Formation in Female Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Forming a firm sense of identity is the developmental achievement of adolescence postulated by Erikson, but only recently has the subjective experience of female adolescents been thoroughly examined. It is our opinion that cultural, social, and psychological factors attenuate female identity formation and the development of ego strengths throughout girlhood. Girls tend to experience greater increases in anxiety, conflict, shame,

Dianne Ollech; James McCarthy

1997-01-01

422

Combining evidence in personal identity verification systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

A methodology for fusing multiple instances of biometric data to improve the performance of a personal identity verification system is developed. The fusion problem is formulated in the framework of the Bayesian estimation theory. The effect of different fusion strategies on the error probability is analysed theoretically. The proposed methodology is then demonstrated on the problem of personal identity verification

Josef Kittler; Jiri Matas; Kenneth Jonsson; M. U. Ramos Sánchez

1997-01-01

423

"Crazyghettosmart": A Case Study in Latina Identities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing from recent scholarship that examines schooling and the shifting terrain of youth identities, this study examines the identity constructions of Jessica, a Latina high school student. Our portrait of Jessica is part of a larger longitudinal study in which the middle and high school experiences of three Latinas, including Jessica, were…

Vetter, Amy M.; Fairbanks, Colleen; Ariail, Mary

2011-01-01

424

Stress vs. Identity Among Black Males.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A recurrent theme in the literature on black identity is self-hate. Black people are portrayed as suffering from one of the following four conditions; (1) low self-esteem; (2) impaired identity formation; (3) pathological environmental adaptation; and/or (4) low intellectual functioning. However, research is emerging which questions many of these…

Stokes, DeVon Renard

425

Stress vs. Identity Among Black Males.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A recurrent theme in the literature on black identity is self-hate. Black people are portrayed as suffering from one of the following four conditions; (1) low self-esteem; (2) impaired identity formation; (3) pathological environmental adaptation; and/or (4) low intellectual functioning. However, research is emerging which questions many of these…

Stokes, DeVon Renard

426

Anonymous Multireceiver Identity-Based Encryption  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, many multireceiver identity-based encryption schemes have been proposed in the literature. However, none can protect the privacy of message receivers among these schemes. In this paper, we present an anonymous multireceiver identity-based encryption scheme where we adopt Lagrange interpolating polynomial mechanisms to cope with the above problem. Our scheme makes it impossible for an attacker or any other message

Chun-I Fan; Ling-Ying Huang; Pei-Hsiu Ho

2010-01-01

427

Migration, Culture and Identity in Portugal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Culture and identity are dynamic realities. Therefore, the essentialist view of culture and identity does not explain the process of integration of minorities in a context of acculturation, and leads to policies of "ghettoisation". This text focuses on what we describe as "cultural transfusion". By means of this process, we analyse two tendencies…

Vieira, Ricardo; Trindade, Jose

2008-01-01

428

Complex dilemmas of identity and practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Identity is a complex construct, yet extremely important if we wish to understand the practice of teaching as a profession. In this paper, we examine the ways two middle school teachers talk about their identity and teaching practices and coordinate these self-reports with our own observations of how they implement a new environmental science curriculum. More specifically, we compare the

Noel Enyedy; Jennifer Goldberg; Kate Muir Welsh

2006-01-01

429

Complex Dilemmas of Identity and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identity is a complex construct, yet extremely important if we wish to understand the practice of teaching as a profession. In this paper, we examine the ways two middle school teachers talk about their identity and teaching practices and coordinate these self-reports with our own observations of how they implement a new environmental science…

Enyedy, Noel; Goldberg, Jennifer; Welsh, Kate Muir

2006-01-01

430

Profiling Teachers' Sense of Professional Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study shows that professional identity should not be viewed as a composed variable with a uniform structure. Based on the literature and previous research, we view teachers' job satisfaction, self-efficacy, occupational commitment and change in the level of motivation as indicators of teachers' professional identity. Using two-step cluster…

Canrinus, Esther T.; Helms-Lorenz, Michelle; Beijaard, Douwe; Buitink, Jaap; Hofman, Adriaan

2011-01-01

431

Interidentity Memory Transfer in Dissociative Identity Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Controversy surrounding dissociative identity disorder (DID) has focused on conflicting findings regarding the validity and nature of interidentity amnesia, illustrating the need for objective methods of examining amnesia that can discriminate between explicit and implicit memory transfer. In the present study, the authors used a cross-modal manipulation designed to mitigate implicit memory effects. Explicit memory transfer between identities was examined

Lauren L. Kong; John J. B. Allen; Elizabeth L. Glisky

2008-01-01

432

Factitious and Malingered Dissociative Identity Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper compares the clinical features of 18 persons given a diagnosis of factitious or malingered Dissociative Identity Disorder with those of 18 matched persons who were given a diagnosis of genuine Dissociative Identity Disorder, taken from a sample of 129 second opinion consultations. Clinical features suggesting a factitious diagnosis or malingering included having a score above 60 on the

Ann Thomas

2001-01-01

433

Factitious and Malingered Dissociative Identity Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper compares the clinical features of 18 persons given a diagnosis of factitious ormalingered Dissociative Identity Disorder with those of 18 matched persons who were given a diagnosis of genuine Dissociative Identity Disorder, taken from a sample of 129 second opinion consultations. Clinical features suggesting a factitious diagnosis or malingering included having a score above 60 on the Dissociative

Ann Thomas

1997-01-01

434

Development and identity issues in adolescent homosexuality  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper argues that homosexual emergence in adolescence must be viewed from a developmentally non-pejorative perspective. In attempting to respond to the special stresses in adolescents who are developing gay or lesbian identities, helping professionals need to develop a familiarity with the unique developmental tasks of gay and lesbian youth, as well as the sexual identity formation literature generally. A

Terrence Sullivan; Margaret Schneider

1987-01-01

435

Communicative Competences as a European Identity Instrument  

Microsoft Academic Search

Complex historical processes have generated national identities conditioned by sharing a common language, traditions, ethnic roots and often religion. Continuing processes are generating a new European identity, which will be possible only if the characteristic of language is shared for communication and cooperation. The status of English as a Language for International Communication is undisputed and rarely attracts critical scrutiny.

T. Lobanova; Yu Shunin

436

Food, Memories, and Identities in Hong Kong  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article adopts a processual and relational approach to study food remembrance and investigates how different ways of appropriating food reveal the politics of identities in Hong Kong. It examines how food memories reveal relationships between the past and the present, reflect epochal transformation, and mark changing identities of various groups of people through new ways of appropriations. It takes

Selina Ching Chan

2010-01-01

437

Multicultural Social Work and Ethnic Identity Positioning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent trend in postmodern social work discourses in Australia espouses anti-essentialist views of identity for social work subjects and deconstructs the uniformity of self into hybrid and changeable identities. However, there are few studies that focus on the problem of anti- essentialism in social work theories in relation to the analysis of neoliberal discourses in actual social welfare fields

SHINSUKE FUNAKI

2010-01-01

438

Review Article: Seeking the Identity of Jesus  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seeking the Identity of Jesus seeks to look at Jesus through ecclesial and theological lenses and to be responsive to the very different presentations of Jesus’ identity in the canonical Gospels. This raises questions about how far some of the aspects of Jesus to be found in the Gospels can be accommodated within an ecclesial view and how selective scholars

John K. Riches

2010-01-01

439

Essence, Identity, Signature: Tattoos and Cultural Property  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines a range of problems centring on the theorization of cultural identity and cultural property by reference to debates about the appropriation of the Maori tattoo, or ta moko, and the authenticity of contemporary Maori tattooing practices. Through a consideration of the relationship between cultural identity and tattooing, and the question of whether tattooing is an effect of

Stephen Pritchard

2000-01-01

440

Self-Consciousness and Aspects of Identity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated the relationship between public and private self-consciousness and social and personal aspects of identity. Public self-consciousness correlated more strongly with social than with personal aspects of identity, and private self-consciousness correlated more strongly with personal than with social aspects. Discusses implications for…

Cheek, Jonathan M.; Briggs, Stephen R.

1982-01-01

441

Ethnicity, Identity and Educational Achievement in Mexico  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identity is central for research on education since, under certain conditions, it may influence school choice, career preferences and classroom behaviour. Identity also determines disposition toward schooling because it may have the capacity to shape and modify the values, beliefs and characteristics that distinguish one person from another, by…

Flores-Crespo, Pedro

2007-01-01

442

Development of Deaf Identity: An Ethnographic Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This ethnographic study explores the identity development of 9 deaf participants through the narratives of their educational experiences in either mainstream or special schools for the Deaf. This exploration goes beyond a binary conceptualization of deaf identity that allows for only the medical and social models and proposes a bicultural…

McIlroy, Guy; Storbeck, Claudine

2011-01-01

443

Asexuality and autochorissexualism (identity-less sexuality).  

PubMed

I present evidence that target-oriented paraphilias may occur in some who report no sexual attraction for others or those who identify as asexual. One target-oriented paraphilia in some asexual people is a disconnection between their identity and a sexual target/object. I name this phenomenon autochorissexualism or "identity-less" sexuality. PMID:22576251

Bogaert, Anthony F

2012-05-11

444

A New Transcendence Model of Identity Construction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What does it mean for college men to be authentic? How can we support their efforts to transcend their own immediate needs? And what roles do trusted others play in one's construction of identity? This article describes a preliminary new theoretical model--a Transcendence Model of Identity Construction--based on original research studying…

Elliott, Christopher L. Wilcox

2012-01-01

445

Vegetarianism, dietary restraint and feminist identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveResearch examining the relationship between dietary restraint and vegetarianism has yielded inconsistent results due to differing definitions of vegetarianism and the possible modifying role of feminist identity. The current study sought to further clarify these relationships by examining three levels of vegetarianism, motivation for vegetarianism, and feminist identity (using an updated measure).

Morgan J Curtis; Lisa K. Comer

2006-01-01

446

Sacred communities: religion and national identities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article aims to review the relationships between religion and national identity as revealed through some 23 articles in National Identities published over the last 10 years. In addition I will also try to lay out a broad perspective on religion and nation from which to develop this review. Specifically the message is that religion has not gone away and

James Dingley

2011-01-01

447

Experiments with three identical ultraprecision machine tools  

SciTech Connect

This paper outlines the underlying philosophy of, and reports preliminary results from experiments with three nominally identical diamond turning machines. Identical tools, specially fabricated from the same diamond, were used to machine mirrors from blanks cut from the same base material using previously specified process parameters; parts produced are compared. 8 refs., 14 figs.

Evans, C.; Hannah, P.; Rhorer, R.

1988-01-01

448

Corporate identity: the concept, its measurement and  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are divergent views within the literature as to what is meant by corporate identity. In this article the authors refer to three main developments in the area which variously equate corporate identity with graphic design, with integrated corporate communication and last, with a multidisciplinary approach which draws heavily on organizational behaviour. Each of the three approaches has tended to

John M. T. Balmer

449

Identity, Language Learning, and Social Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this review article on identity, language learning, and social change, we argue that contemporary poststructuralist theories of language, identity, and power offer new perspectives on language learning and teaching, and have been of considerable interest in our field. We first review poststructuralist theories of language, subjectivity, and…

Norton, Bonny; Toohey, Kelleen

2011-01-01

450

Young Women Online: Collaboratively Constructing Identities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper I examine how young women construct their identities with others in online communities. I argue that the proliferation of social networking and its popularity among young people means that performed identities are increasingly collaboratively constructed, with the individual having less control over their public image than was…

Paechter, Carrie

2013-01-01

451

Searching for identity in the capability space  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we consider the extension of the conception of the economic agent as a person who chooses particular actions in relation to his or her social identity. We do this in particular by analysing Akerlof and Kranton's recent models on ‘economics and identity’ (2000). Amartya Sen has over the years consistently pointed out that a person might have

Alan Kirman; Miriam Teschl

2006-01-01

452

Exploring Identity Management: The LSE challenge  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper draws on a research project conducted with students and staff at the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) looking at how to improve Identity Management in a Higher Education context. The objective of the paper is to make explicit the main themes related to Identity Management as they were expressed by LSE members of staff and

Isidora Kourti; John Paschoud

453

Youth identity formation and contemporary alcohol marketing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers linkages between contemporary marketing theory and practice, and emerging conceptualizations of identity, to discuss implications for public health concerns over alcohol use among young people. Particular attention is paid to the theorizing of consumption as a component of youth identities and the ways in which developments of marketing praxis orients to such schemata. The authors’ analyses of

Timothy McCreanor; Alison Greenaway; Helen Moewaka Barnes; Suaree Borell; Amanda Gregory

2005-01-01

454

Identity in Adolescent Survivors of Childhood Cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To investigate identity formation among adolescent survivors of childhood cancer. Family func- tioning, perceived emotional support from family and peers, life stress, and anxiety produced by the cancer experience also were examined as they influenced identity development. Method: Participants were 52 adolescent survivors and their mothers recruited from a medical center and 42 healthy adolescent counterparts and their mothers

Avi Madan-Swain; Ronald T. Brown; Martha A. Foster; Roger Vega; Kelly Byars; Wendy Rodenberger; Beverly Bell; Richard Lambert

2000-01-01

455

Improving Measurement of Workplace Sexual Identity Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to advance measurement of sexual identity management for lesbian, gay, and bisexual workers. Psychometric properties of a revised version of the Workplace Sexual Identity Management Measure (WSIMM; Anderson, Croteau, Chung, & DiStefano, 2001) were examined on a sample of 64 predominantly White K-12 teachers.…

Lance, Teresa S.; Anderson, Mary Z.; Croteau, James M.

2010-01-01

456

European cities and place-identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scholars concerned with different aspects of cities (formal, spatial, social, economic) converge in pointing place identity - the city's distinctive characteristics - as a powerful means to play right with intercity competition in the era of economic globalisation and European integration. To enhance place-identity in European cities, European Union and local governments have been supporting built heritage; financing research and

Aspa Gospodini

2002-01-01

457

Creative abilities in identical and fraternal twins  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present research set out to investigate the possibility of a genetic component in creative ability The pool of subjects for this study consisted of 117 pairs of twins, 13–19 years of age, divided into 28 pairs of identical males, 19 pairs of fraternal males, 35 pairs of identical females, and 35 pairs of fraternal females. A battery of ten

Marvin Reznikoff; George Domino; Carolyn Bridges; Merton Honeyman

1973-01-01

458

Health Problems as a Definer of Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to evaluate the impact of health problems on personal identity construction, three questions were used to delimit the population concerned by. Overall, 53 % of the population is affected by health problems. Regarding identity construction, 17 % of the people with limited activity or regular check-up consider themselves as ill, 11 % as having a disability, and 15

Daniel Ruffin; Isabelle Ville

2006-01-01

459

Post-genocide identity politics in Rwanda  

Microsoft Academic Search

When the journal Ethnicities was launched in 2001, the first issue included an article by this author, which examined the politics of `race' and identity as central ingredients in the Rwanda genocide of 1994. This current article considers how political identities have been reconstructed since the genocide, especially from above. History, law and politics are examined, as central instruments in

Helen Hintjens

2008-01-01

460

The evolutive style of identity formation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the study of differentiation of Styles of Identity formation with a sample of high school age adolescents, a group of the participants were found (by discriminant analysis) to have common features and to be a distinct group that displays an Evolutive Style of Identity Formation. The characteristics of this style are examined in this article, which focuses on the

Hanoch Flum

1994-01-01

461

Ego Identity Formation in Middle Adolescence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assumed determinants of ego identity were investigated in this study using sophomore, junior, and senior high school males and females. Subjects were administered the Marcia Ego Identity Status Scale and measures of sex-role identification, personality development, psychological functioning, self concept, and parental socialization practices. Data…

LaVoie, Joseph C.

462

Identity Transformation as an Intercontextual Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Societal and organizational change requires people to change their professional identity continuously. Starting from two theoretical traditions that address identity and learning, the authors analysed the learning narratives of two sets of learners--participants in a two-year experiential learning programme and student interns, both in the domain…

De Weerdt, Sven; Bouwen, Rene; Corthouts, Felix; Martens, Hilda

2006-01-01

463

Identity status research: implications for career counseling.  

PubMed

The purpose of this paper is to describe an empirical approach to the study of adolescence and to apply research findings to vocational counseling. The study of identity status has enriched and supported Erikson's theory of psychosocial development. Case histories of hypothetical clients in the four identity statuses are presented and different approaches for counseling with such clients are suggested. PMID:2695543

Raskin, P M

1989-12-01

464

"Crazyghettosmart": A Case Study in Latina Identities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Drawing from recent scholarship that examines schooling and the shifting terrain of youth identities, this study examines the identity constructions of Jessica, a Latina high school student. Our portrait of Jessica is part of a larger longitudinal study in which the middle and high school experiences of three Latinas, including Jessica, were…

Vetter, Amy M.; Fairbanks, Colleen; Ariail, Mary

2011-01-01

465

Negotiating Ethnicity: Identity politics in contemporary Kenya  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethnic identities are best understood as complex and contested social constructs, perpetually in the process of creation (c.f. Berman, 1998). It is with the perpetual processes of evolution, devolution, change and conformity of ethnic identities, often perceived to be cultural givens, that this paper concerns itself. Ethnicity is a politically relevant signifier in contemporary Kenya, and drawing on evidence from

Gabrielle Lynch

2006-01-01

466

Autobiographic Notes on the Identity Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author describes his training conducted by Anna Freud and the emergence of his concepts of identity and identity crisis. He recapitulates his conceptual ancestry, insofar as it originates in psychoanalysis, in order to indicate that psychoanalysis represents a very special admixture of laboratory conditions, methodological climate, and…

Erikson, Erik H.

1970-01-01

467

Interculturalism and the Pendulum of Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article offers a critical appraisal of the role played by cultural identity in intercultural bilingual Arabic-Hebrew schools in Israel. While engineered as oases of interculturalism amidst a life of ethnic segregation, such schools ultimately confront serious difficulties in escaping the constraints of identity politics and representation.…

Svirsky, Marcelo; Mor-Sommerfeld, Aura

2012-01-01

468

Identity, Language Learning, and Social Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this review article on identity, language learning, and social change, we argue that contemporary poststructuralist theories of language, identity, and power offer new perspectives on language learning and teaching, and have been of considerable interest in our field. We first review poststructuralist theories of language, subjectivity, and…

Norton, Bonny; Toohey, Kelleen

2011-01-01

469

The Perplexity of Iranian-American Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article conveys the Iranian experience in the United States by analyzing the for- mation of an Iranian identity in the United States. The author characterizes this dual identity and interprets the Iranian-American culture. The essay also focuses on the relationship between American civil society and its immigrants. From its inception, the United States has been an immigrant society. However,

Nilou Mostofi

470

Iranian Validation of the Identity Style Inventory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to validate the Iranian version of the Identity Style Inventory (ISI). Participants were 376 (42% males) university students. Confirmatory factor analyses revealed a clear three-factor structure of identity style and a mono-factor structure of commitment in the overall sample as well as in gender subgroups.…

Crocetti, Elisabetta; Shokri, Omid

2010-01-01

471

Semiotics of Identity: Politics and Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this text I concentrate on semiotic aspects of the theory of political identity in the work of Ernesto Laclau, and especially on the connection between metaphors, metonymies, catachreses and synecdoches. Those tropes are of ontological status, and therefore they are of key importance in understanding the discursive "production" of identity in…

Szkudlarek, Tomasz

2011-01-01

472

A New Transcendence Model of Identity Construction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|What does it mean for college men to be authentic? How can we support their efforts to transcend their own immediate needs? And what roles do trusted others play in one's construction of identity? This article describes a preliminary new theoretical model--a Transcendence Model of Identity Construction--based on original research studying…

Elliott, Christopher L. Wilcox

2012-01-01

473

Implicit and Explicit Exercise and Sedentary Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We examined the relationship between implicit and explicit "exerciser" and "sedentary" self-identity when activated by stereotypes. Undergraduate participants (N = 141) wrote essays about university students who either liked to exercise or engage in sedentary activities. This was followed by an implicit identity task and an explicit measure of…

Berry, Tanya R.; Strachan, Shaelyn M.

2012-01-01

474

Measuring Identity Processes in Family Relational Empowerment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper outlines a procedure for measuring personal identity that uses self-characterisations to elicit and integrate ideographic data for fixed construct repertory grid nomothetic applications. There is a focus on how family members view their personal identities when they are recovering from the impacts of having a "loved one" with a mental…

Buckley-Walker, Kellie; Crowe, Trevor Patrick; Caputi, Peter

2013-01-01

475

Interculturalities: Reframing Identities in Intercultural Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper attempts to reframe identities as "interculturalities" in the multimodal ways in which language is used for identity construction, specifically as responses to questionnaires, articulations within limited narratives, on-line interactions and in community ways of speaking a localised variety of English. Relying on a framework of…

Nair-Venugopal, Shanta

2009-01-01

476

The Euro between national and European identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

We miss the significance of the advent of the Euro for European political, economic, and social order if we ignore its identity dimension. Money has always been a symbolic marker in nation-building efforts and is strongly related to collective national identities. This article makes two interrelated causal claims. On the one hand, the introduction of Euro bills and coins has

Thomas Risse

2003-01-01

477

Interculturalities: Reframing Identities in Intercultural Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper attempts to reframe identities as "interculturalities" in the multimodal ways in which language is used for identity construction, specifically as responses to questionnaires, articulations within limited narratives, on-line interactions and in community ways of speaking a localised variety of English. Relying on a framework of analysis…

Nair-Venugopal, Shanta

2009-01-01

478

Gender identity disorder and courtship disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

A hypothetical connection between gender identity disorder and courtship disorder was investigated in 274 heterosexual male patients of the following types: nontransvestic fetishists for female attire; transvestic fetishists; patients with gender identity disorder of adolescence and adulthood, nontranssexual type; and transsexuals. Of these patients, 53 had also demonstrated one or more of the putative expressions of courtship disorder. The proportion

Kurt Freund; Robin J. Watson

1993-01-01

479

An identity-authentication system using fingerprints  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fingerprint verification is an important biometric technique for personal identification. In this paper, we describe the design and implementation of a prototype automatic identity authentication system which uses fingerprints to authenticate the identity of an individual. We have developed an improved minutiae extraction algorithm which is faster and more accurate than our earlier algo- rithm (58). An alignment-based minutiae matching

R. Bolle; Lin Hong; AK Jain; S. Pankanti

1997-01-01

480

Barriers to ego identity status formation: a contextual qualification of Marcia's identity status paradigm  

Microsoft Academic Search

While many psychological, sociological and educational researchers acknowledge that ego identity formation is a socially embedded process, others have found that identity research often focuses, almost exclusively, on internal psychological development. The concept of “barriers” provides a means by which to describe external influences associated with adolescent and young adult ego identity exploration and commitment processes which affect and possibly

AMY E. YODER

2000-01-01

481

Adoptive Mothers: Identity Agents on the Pathway to Adoptive Identity Formation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept of identity agents provides a framework to examine adoptive mothers' responsibility to address children's dual connection to their birth and adoptive families. Adoptive mothers' identity agency was assessed using case analysis. Eight extensive interviews with four adoptive mothers were collected at Waves 1 and 2 of a longitudinal study. Adoptees' identity formation was measured at Waves 2 and

Lynn Von Korff; Harold D. Grotevant; Bibiana D. Koh; Diana R. Samek

2010-01-01

482

How ESL Teachers' Sociocultural Identities Mediate Their Teacher Role Identities in a Diverse Urban School Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

English-as-a-second language (ESL) teachers' sociocultural identities and teacher role identities are posited to be deeply rooted in their personal histories. Yet, this being the case, how ESL teachers interpret, negotiate and construct their identities in the pedagogical process remains underexplored. This study is an exploration of the…

Ajayi, Lasisi

2011-01-01

483

Social representations of the Holocaust and Jewish Israeli identity construction: insights from identity process theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores how a group of young Israeli Jews understood and defined their ethno-national identities, focusing upon the role of social representations of the Holocaust in the construction of Jewish Israeli identity. Eleven individuals were interviewed using a semi-structured interview schedule. Transcripts were subjected to interpretative phenomenological analysis. The analysis was informed by identity process theory and social representations

Rusi Jaspal; Maya A. Yampolsky

2011-01-01

484

Ego Identity and Spiritual Identity in Religiously Observant Adolescents in Israel  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the relationship between spiritual identity and ego identity among religiously observant adolescents in Israel. Seventy-eight religious tenth graders studying in yeshivot (boys) and ulpanot (girls) were tested. The Ego Identity Scale for Adolescents and a Questionnaire of Religious Beliefs were administered to them. Throughout…

Fisherman, Shraga

2004-01-01

485

The Interface of Racial Identity Development with Identity Complexity in Clinical Social Work Student Practitioners  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the influence that one's racial identity development plays in the overall professional identity development of clinical social work student practitioners. The author discusses race, as a construct, in a post-modern world. Utilizing Saari's (1993, 2000) discussion of identity complexity, the paper demonstrates how the ability to dialogue about issues of race, in a complex and multi-faceted way,

Dennis Miehls

2001-01-01

486

Athletic identity and aggressiveness: A cross?cultural analysis of the athletic identity maintenance model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research independently examining athletic identity and sport aggression is quite extensive; however, the relationship between these variables has yet to be explored. Findings from both the identity literature and the sport fandom literature regarding team identification and aggressive fan behavior provides a foundation on which to hypothesize about the potential role athletic identity may have in the expression of athlete

Amanda J. Visek; Jack C. Watson; Jennifer R. Hurst; Jonathan P. Maxwell; Brandonn S. Harris

2010-01-01

487

Relations of Work Identity, Family Identity, Situational Demands, and Sex with Employee Work Hours  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined relations of multiple indicators of work identity and family identity with the number of weekly hours worked by 193 married business professionals. We found that men generally worked long hours regardless of the situational demands to work long hours and the strength of their work and family identities. Women's work hours, on…

Greenhaus, Jeffrey H.; Peng, Ann C.; Allen, Tammy D.

2012-01-01

488

COLONIALISM, AMERICANIZATION, AND INDIGENOUS IDENTITY: A RESEARCH NOTE ON CHAMORRO IDENTITY IN GUAM  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores baseline dimensions of identity among Chamorros in Guam, as a case in point of indigenous identity consciousness, in the context of U.S. colonialism, territorial relations, and Americanization. Despite the adverse effects of colonization and Americanization pressures, ethnographic findings suggest that Chamorros are conscious of their indigenous identity with respect to reference-group interaction, political awareness, cultural attitudes, and

Michael P. Perez

2005-01-01

489

From Social to Political Identity: A Critical Examination of Social Identity Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interest in the concept of identity has grown exponentially within both the humanities and social sciences, but the discussion of identity has had less impact than might be expected on the quantitative study of political behavior in general and on political psychology more specifically. One of the approaches that holds the most promise for political psychologists is social identity theory,

Leonie Huddy

2001-01-01

490

Impacts of parental attitude towards sexual identity development on child's sexual identity development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this research, positive or negative impacts of different parental attitudes on children's sexual identity and character development have been presented. The general object of the research is to determine the impacts of parental attitude towards child's sexual identity development on the sexual identity development of the children during pre-school period. The research, for which the general scanning model is

Müberra Eser; Nadir Çeliköz

2009-01-01

491

Identity Agents: Parents as Active and Reflective Participants in their Children's Identity Formation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The paper introduces the concept of identity agents. This concept refers to those individuals who actively interact with children and youth with the intention of participating in their identity formation, and who reflectively mediate larger social influences on identity formation. This contrasts with the focus of mainstream research in the…

Schachter, Elli P.; Ventura, Jonathan J.

2008-01-01

492

Corporate heritage identities, corporate heritage brands and the multiple heritage identities of the British Monarchy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This article scrutinises the nature and salience of corporate heritage identities via the lens of the British Monarchy. A corporate heritage identity framework is introduced. The heritage identity construct is positioned vis-à-vis other related constructs such as nostalgia, tradition, and custom. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – An embedded case study informed by desktop research and a literature review of the British

John M. T. Balmer

2011-01-01

493

IDENTITY THAT MAKES A DIFFERENCE: SUBSTANTIAL LEARNING AS CLOSING THE GAP BETWEEN ACTUAL AND DESIGNATED IDENTITIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the attempt to account for striking differences between learning activities of immigrant mathematics students from the former Soviet Union and of their native Israeli classmates, we introduce the notions of actual and designated identities. These identities are subsequently presented as important factors that mold learning and influence its effectiveness. Since designated identities may be seen as personalized, \\

Anna Sfard; Anna Prusak

494

How ESL Teachers' Sociocultural Identities Mediate Their Teacher Role Identities in a Diverse Urban School Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|English-as-a-second language (ESL) teachers' sociocultural identities and teacher role identities are posited to be deeply rooted in their personal histories. Yet, this being the case, how ESL teachers interpret, negotiate and construct their identities in the pedagogical process remains underexplored. This study is an exploration of the…

Ajayi, Lasisi

2011-01-01

495

Social Support, Ethnic Identity, and Sexual Identity of Lesbians and Gay Men  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social support, sexual identity development, and ethnic identity development play key roles in individuals’ health and well-being. This study explores social support and identity variables in samples of ethnic minority (N = 297) and White (N = 294) lesbians and gay men. Ethnic minority participants as well as white participants reported generally high levels of satisfaction with social support, strong

Susanna M. Gallor; Ruth E. Fassinger

2010-01-01

496

Personal Memories and Personal Identity: The Impact of Ego Identity Development on Autobiographical Memory Recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a study of the relationship between identity development and personal memory recall. The position is advanced that transitions in identity formation should influence (a) the recall of personal memories and (b) the impact of that recall on self-perceptions. Following Marcia's (1966) paradigm, a sample of 71 people falling into 1 of 4 identity statuses (diffuse, foreclosed, moratorium,

Greg J. Neimeyer; Margaret B. Rareshide

1991-01-01

497

EGO IDENTITY AND SPIRITUAL IDENTITY IN RELIGIOUSLY OBSERVANT ADOLESCENTS IN ISRAEL  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the relationship between spiritual identity and ego identity among religiously observant adolescents in Israel. Seventy-eight religious tenth graders studying in yeshivot (boys) and ulpanot (girls) were tested. The Ego Identity Scale for Adolescents and a Questionnaire of Religious Beliefs were administered to them. Throughout the entire sample, there was a significant and positive correlation between belief and

Shraga Fisherman

2004-01-01

498

Adolescent Identity Formation: A Swedish Study of Identity Status Using the EOM-EIS-IIi  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to examine ego identity status among Swedish adolescents using the EOM-EIS-II. Identity status scores and distributions were examined for 222 (108 female, 114 male) Swedish high school students. Identity status differences were found between genders. There was a greater likelihood of female adolescents being categorized…

Bergh, Susanne; Erling, Ann

2005-01-01

499

Identity based broadcast encryption based on one to many identity based proxy re-encryption  

Microsoft Academic Search

Broadcast encryption schemes enable senders to efficiently broadcast ciphertexts to a large set of receivers in a way that only non-revoked receivers can decrypt them. Identity based broadcast encryption schemes are public key broadcast encryption using identity as the public key. In this paper, we show a novel way to construct identity based broadcast encryption. We introduce a new concept:

Xu an Wang; Xiaoyuan Yang

2009-01-01

500

Relations of Work Identity, Family Identity, Situational Demands, and Sex with Employee Work Hours  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined relations of multiple indicators of work identity and family identity with the number of weekly hours worked by 193 married business professionals. We found that men generally worked long hours regardless of the situational demands to work long hours and the strength of their work and family identities. Women's work hours, on…

Greenhaus, Jeffrey H.; Peng, Ann C.; Allen, Tammy D.

2012-01-01