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1

Talker differences in clear and conversational speech: Vowel intelligibility for normal-hearing listeners  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Several studies have shown that when a talker is instructed to speak as though talking to a hearing-impaired person, the resulting ``clear'' speech is significantly more intelligible than typical conversational speech. While variability among talkers during speech production is well known, only one study to date [Gagné et al., J. Acad. Rehab. Audiol. 27, 135-158 (1994)] has directly examined differences among talkers producing clear and conversational speech. Data from that study, which utilized ten talkers, suggested that talkers vary in the extent to which they improve their intelligibility by speaking clearly. Similar variability can be also seen in studies using smaller groups of talkers [e.g., Picheny, Durlach, and Braida, J. Speech Hear. Res. 28, 96-103 (1985)]. In the current paper, clear and conversational speech materials were recorded from 41 male and female talkers aged 18 to 45 years. A listening experiment demonstrated that for normal-hearing listeners in noise, vowel intelligibility varied widely among the 41 talkers for both speaking styles, as did the magnitude of the speaking style effect. While female talkers showed a larger clear speech vowel intelligibility benefit than male talkers, neither talker age nor prior experience communicating with hearing-impaired listeners significantly affected the speaking style effect. .

Hargus Ferguson, Sarah

2004-10-01

2

Do listeners perceive coarticulatory differences for normal talkers and neurologically impaired talkers?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Speech production studies suggest that the extent of coarticulation varies across talkers. The extent of coarticulation may even vary for repetitions of the same utterance produced by a single talker. Thus, an utterance or talker could be characterized by an average degree of coarticulation, a high degree of coarticulation, or a low degree of coarticulation. The perceptual consequences, if any, of this coarticulatory variability are not well understood, particularly for individuals with speech motor control disorders. The current study examined whether the listeners' speed and accuracy of vowel identification for naturally-produced CV sequences varied depending on the extent of anticipatory vowel coarticulation. Speakers and speech tokens included those characterized by an average degree of anticipatory coarticulation, a high degree of coarticulation, and a low degree of coarticulation. Healthy talkers, speakers with multiple sclerosis, and speakers with Parkinson's disease produced the stimuli. Consonants in CV syllables beginning with /s/, /k/, or /t/ followed by the vowels /i/ or /u/ were excised and presented to listeners for identification of the following vowel. While identification accuracy may be high across speakers and stimuli, the speed of response should vary with extent of coarticulation, if listeners are sensitive to coarticulatory cues in the acoustic speech stream.

Tjaden, Kris; Sussman, Joan; Yu, Ya-Ju

2003-10-01

3

Talker Identification across Source Mechanisms: Experiments with Laryngeal and Electrolarynx Speech  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine listeners' ability to learn talker identity from speech produced with an electrolarynx, explore source and filter differentiation in talker identification, and describe acoustic-phonetic changes associated with electrolarynx use. Method: Healthy adult control listeners learned to identify…

Perrachione, Tyler K.; Stepp, Cara E.; Hillman, Robert E.; Wong, Patrick C. M.

2014-01-01

4

Contributions of Fundamental Frequency, Formant Spacing, and Glottal Waveform to Talker Identification. Research on Speech Perception. Technical Report No. 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the contributions of fundamental frequency, formant spacing, and glottal waveform to talker identification. The first two experiments focused on the effect of glottal waveform in the perception of talker identity. Subjects in the first experiment, 30 undergraduate students enrolled in an introductory psychology course,…

Carrell, Thomas D.

5

Understanding College Students' Spiritual Identities: Different Faiths, Varied Worldviews  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This critical essay reviews Small's (2011) book reporting research on the spiritual identities and discursive practices of college students in intrafaith and interfaith dialogue. Small's recommendations and research methods are instructive and helpful to both scholars and practitioners in higher education and student affairs. This research opens…

Stewart, Dafina Lazarus

2012-01-01

6

Vowels in clear and conversational speech: Talker differences in intelligibility for elderly hearing-impaired listeners  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Several studies have shown that when a talker is instructed to speak as though talking to a hearing-impaired person, the resulting clear speech is significantly more intelligible than typical conversational speech. A recent study of 41 talkers [S. H. Ferguson and D. Kewley-Port, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 111, 2482 (2002)] demonstrated that for normal-hearing listeners identifying vowels in noise, the amount of improvement talkers achieve by speaking clearly varies widely. Acoustic analyses of 12 of these talkers suggested that the amount of clear speech vowel intelligibility benefit was related to specific clear speech acoustic strategies adopted by the talkers. However, an earlier paper [S. H. Ferguson and D. Kewley-Port, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 112, 256-271 (2002)] suggested that clear speech acoustic strategies that improve vowel intelligibility for normal-hearing listeners may not be beneficial for the group of listeners for whom clear speech is actually intended: listeners with hearing loss. The current project will explore this issue by assessing vowel intelligibility in clear and conversational speech for older hearing-impaired adults, using materials from the 12 talkers cited above. [Work supported by the University of Kansas Center for Research New Faculty General Research Fund and by NIHDCD-02229.

Ferguson, Sarah Hargus

2001-05-01

7

Auralization studies on talker comfort  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although much research has focused on determining optimal acoustical environments for students in classrooms, relatively little has addressed the classroom as an acoustical workspace for teachers, who may suffer from stress and vocal strain due in part to poor acoustical environments. Although the primary problem is typically the background noise level (whether due to ventilation or students), it is also interesting to study systematically how controlling early reflections may improve the audible ``room response'' at the teacher's speaking location without inordinately increasing the reverberant level of the background noise. Moreover, the room response at the talker's position may help reduce the perceived need to strain the voice, as long as the reflections are not so delayed as to be disturbing. In this study approximately ten configurations of absorptive and reflective surfaces in a ``typical-sized'' classroom are auralized in real time. For each room condition, subjects rate the ``talker comfort'' in terms of perceived loudness of their speech, possible disturbance from echoes or increased background noise, and other factors. The primary descriptive physical parameter is essentially the relative amplitude and delay of clusters of early reflections, which are not always well characterized by the classical room-acoustics descriptors. Initial results of the modeling and subject testing will be presented.

Shearer, Jessica; Torres, Rendell R.

2003-10-01

8

Auditory–visual integration of talker gender in vowel perception  

Microsoft Academic Search

The experiments reported here used auditory–visual mismatches to compare three approaches to speaker normalization in speech perception: radical invariance, vocal tract normalization, and talker normalization. In contrast to the first two, the talker normalization theory assumes that listeners' subjective, abstract impressions of talkers play a role in speech perception. Experiment 1 found that the gender of a visually presented face

Keith Johnson; Elizabeth A Strand; Mariapaola D'Imperio

1999-01-01

9

Generalization to unfamiliar talkers in artificial language learning  

PubMed Central

While there is evidence that talker-specific details are encoded in the phonetics of the lexicon (Kraljic, Samuel, & Brennan, 2008; Logan, Lively, & Pisoni, 1991) and in sentence processing (Nygaard & Pisoni, 1998), it is unclear whether categorical linguistic patterns are also represented in terms of talker-specific details. The present study provides evidence that adult learners form talker-independent representations for productive linguistic patterns. Participants were able to generalize a novel linguistic pattern to unfamiliar talkers. Learners were exposed to spoken words that conformed to a pattern in which vowels of a word agreed in place of articulation, referred to as vowel harmony. All items were presented in the voice of one single talker. Participants were tested on items that included both the familiar talker and an unfamiliar talker. Participants generalized the pattern to novel talkers when the talkers spoke with a familiar accent (Experiment 1), as well as with an unfamiliar accent (Experiment 2). Learners showed a small advantage for talker familiarity when the words were familiar, but not when the words were novel. These results are consistent with a theory of language processing in which the lexicon stores fine-grained, talker specific phonetic details, but productive linguistic processes are subject to abstract, talker-independent representations. PMID:23456327

Finley, Sara

2013-01-01

10

Effects of Talker Variability on Perceptual Learning of Dialects  

PubMed Central

Two groups of listeners learned to categorize a set of unfamiliar talkers by dialect region using sentences selected from the TIMIT speech corpus. One group learned to categorize a single talker from each of six American English dialect regions. A second group learned to categorize three talkers from each dialect region. Following training, both groups were asked to categorize new talkers using the same categorization task. While the single-talker group was more accurate during initial training and test phases when familiar talkers produced the sentences, the three-talker group performed better on the generalization task with unfamiliar talkers. This cross-over effect in dialect categorization suggests that while talker variation during initial perceptual learning leads to more difficult learning of specific exemplars, exposure to intertalker variability facilitates robust perceptual learning and promotes better categorization performance of unfamiliar talkers. The results suggest that listeners encode and use acoustic-phonetic variability in speech to reliably perceive the dialect of unfamiliar talkers. PMID:15697151

Clopper, Cynthia G.; Pisoni, David B.

2012-01-01

11

Talker discrimination across languages Mirjam Wester  

E-print Network

is for the synthesised voice to sound like the original speaker, for instance, in speech-to-speech translation systems, voice conversion and reconstruction. Keywords: human speech perception, talker discrimination, cross-language 1. Introduction The ability to recognise a person as an individual based on their voice is something

Edinburgh, University of

12

When susceptible-infectious-susceptible contagion meets time-varying networks with identical infectivity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Transmission of infectious diseases among populations can be modelled as contagion processes on contact networks. These contact networks are highly evolved in time and are represented by time-varying networks. The agents in contagion processes may have finite infectivity independently of their connectivity. Here we present an analytical framework of the susceptible-infectious-susceptible contagion process on time-varying networks, namely activity-driven networks with identical infectivity. We derive the critical epidemic thresholds and immunization thresholds as a function of infectivity, and prove that targeted immunizations are more efficient than random immunizations independently of the infectivity. We validate our conclusions in a large-scale human indoor interaction data set. Finally, we assess the effects of finite size.

Zhang, Yi-Qing; Li, Xiang

2014-10-01

13

The effect of talker and intonation variability on speech perception in noise in children with dyslexia  

PubMed Central

Purpose To determine whether children with dyslexia (DYS) are more affected than age-matched average readers (AR) by talker and intonation variability when perceiving speech in noise. Method Thirty-four DYS and 25 AR children were tested on their perception of consonants in naturally-produced consonant-vowel (CV) tokens in multi-talker babble. Twelve CVs were presented for identification in four conditions varying in the degree of talker and intonation variability. Consonant place (/bi/-/di/) and voicing (/bi/-/pi/) discrimination was investigated with the same conditions. Results DYS children made slightly more identification errors than AR children but only for conditions with variable intonation. Errors were more frequent for a subset of consonants, generally weakly-encoded for AR children, for tokens with intonation patterns (steady and rise-fall) that occur infrequently in connected discourse. In discrimination tasks, which have a greater memory and cognitive load, DYS children scored lower than AR children across all conditions. Conclusions Unusual intonation patterns had a disproportionate (but small) effect on consonant intelligibility in noise for DYS children but adding talker variability did not. DYS children do not appear to have a general problem in perceiving speech in degraded conditions, which makes it unlikely that they lack robust phonological representations. PMID:22761322

Hazan, Valerie; Messaoud-Galusi, Souhila; Rosen, Stuart

2013-01-01

14

Tuned with a Tune: Talker Normalization via General Auditory Processes  

PubMed Central

Voices have unique acoustic signatures, contributing to the acoustic variability listeners must contend with in perceiving speech, and it has long been proposed that listeners normalize speech perception to information extracted from a talker’s speech. Initial attempts to explain talker normalization relied on extraction of articulatory referents, but recent studies of context-dependent auditory perception suggest that general auditory referents such as the long-term average spectrum (LTAS) of a talker’s speech similarly affect speech perception. The present study aimed to differentiate the contributions of articulatory/linguistic versus auditory referents for context-driven talker normalization effects and, more specifically, to identify the specific constraints under which such contexts impact speech perception. Synthesized sentences manipulated to sound like different talkers influenced categorization of a subsequent speech target only when differences in the sentences’ LTAS were in the frequency range of the acoustic cues relevant for the target phonemic contrast. This effect was true both for speech targets preceded by spoken sentence contexts and for targets preceded by non-speech tone sequences that were LTAS-matched to the spoken sentence contexts. Specific LTAS characteristics, rather than perceived talker, predicted the results suggesting that general auditory mechanisms play an important role in effects considered to be instances of perceptual talker normalization. PMID:22737140

Laing, Erika J. C.; Liu, Ran; Lotto, Andrew J.; Holt, Lori L.

2012-01-01

15

Differences in Talker Recognition by Preschoolers and Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Talker variability in speech influences language processing from infancy through adulthood and is inextricably embedded in the very cues that identify speech sounds. Yet little is known about developmental changes in the processing of talker information. On one account, children have not yet learned to separate speech sound variability from…

Creel, Sarah C.; Jimenez, Sofia R.

2012-01-01

16

Conservation of Identity and Equivalence Among Children from Varying Socio-Economic Backgrounds.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the relationship of socio-economic status to the acquisition of two basic ideas underlying the concept of number conservation, "conservation of identity" and "conservation of equivalence." Tests for conservation of identity and of equivalence, detailed in the paper, were given to kindergarten, first, and second grade…

Pace, Angela

17

Omnidirectional Audio-Visual Talker Localization Based on Dynamic Fusion of Audio-Visual Features Using Validity and Reliability Criteria  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper proposes a robust omnidirectional audio-visual (AV) talker localizer for AV applications. The proposed localizer consists of two innovations. One of them is robust omnidirectional audio and visual features. The direction of arrival (DOA) estimation using an equilateral triangular microphone array, and human position estimation using an omnidirectional video camera extract the AV features. The other is a dynamic fusion of the AV features. The validity criterion, called the audioor visual-localization counter, validates each audio- or visual-feature. The reliability criterion, called the speech arriving evaluator, acts as a dynamic weight to eliminate any prior statistical properties from its fusion procedure. The proposed localizer can compatibly achieve talker localization in a speech activity and user localization in a non-speech activity under the identical fusion rule. Talker localization experiments were conducted in an actual room to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed localizer. The results confirmed that the talker localization performance of the proposed AV localizer using the validity and reliability criteria is superior to that of conventional localizers.

Denda, Yuki; Nishiura, Takanobu; Yamashita, Yoichi

18

Talker identification training using simulations of acoustic and electric hearing: Generalization to speech recognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we examined the effect of adding low-frequency acoustic cues to a cochlear implant (CI) simulation on talker identification within the context of a 4-day talker identification training paradigm. Pre- and post-test measures included sentence recognition for both trained and untrained talkers in quiet and in speech babble noise, as well as emotion recognition for novel talkers. One

Vidya Krull

2010-01-01

19

Perceptual and biomechanical variables for running in identical shoe constructions with varying midsole hardness.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE: Perceptual ratings of mechanical variables were compared with biomechanical variables that are related to running injuries. DESIGN: Eight identical running shoes with a relatively close range of midsole hardness were used. Ground reaction force (GRF), in-shoe pressure distribution and rearfoot motion were measured during running. Perceptual ratings were obtained after the running trials. BACKGROUND: Previous studies reported high correlations between cushioning perception and biomechanical variables for shoes that featured large differences in midsole hardness. METHODS: A 15-point categorical rating scale was used to judge impact severity, pressure magnitude and rearfoot motion in running. Rating scores were compared with biomechanical variables (GRF, pressure distribution and pronation values) using regression analyses. RESULTS: Regression analyses revealed high relations between different biomechanical variables and the perception scores. The best relation to perception was analysed for the median power frequency of the vertical GRF (r(2) = 0.97). A negative correlation (r(2) = 0.54) between the first impact of GRF and the perception of impact severity could be revealed. CONCLUSION: The present study suggests that the body's sensory system seems to differentiate well between impacts of different frequency content. Based on perceptual abilities, subjects adapt their running style to avoid high heel impacts. PMID:11415737

Milani, Thomas L; Hennig, Ewald M; Lafortune, Mario A

1997-07-01

20

Courtship attention in sagebrush lizards varies with male identity and female reproductive state.  

PubMed

Previous experiments suggest that males spend more time with the more receptive of 2 novel females or the one with the higher fitness potential. However, males often court individual females repeatedly over a season; for example, male lizards sequentially visit familiar females as they patrol territorial boundaries. It may benefit males to vary display intensity as they move between multiple females. In this study, we explored the factors influencing amount of male courtship to familiar females in the sagebrush lizard, Sceloporus graciosus. We tested whether males vary the amount of courtship exhibited due to individual differences among males, female reproductive state, or female fitness potential. Each male was allowed to interact separately, but repeatedly, with 2 females until both females laid eggs. Male courtship behavior with each of the 2 females was assayed at an intermediate point, after 3 weeks of interaction. We found that individual differences among males were considerable. The number of male courtship displays was also positively correlated with female latency to lay eggs, with males displaying more often toward females with eggs that had not yet been fertilized. Courtship behavior was not well predicted by the number of eggs laid or by female width, both measures of female quality. Thus, male S. graciosus appear to alter courtship intensity more in response to signals of female reproductive state than in response to variation in potential female fitness. PMID:19458780

Ruiz, Mayté; Davis, Erica; Martins, Emília P

2008-11-01

21

Courtship attention in sagebrush lizards varies with male identity and female reproductive state  

PubMed Central

Previous experiments suggest that males spend more time with the more receptive of 2 novel females or the one with the higher fitness potential. However, males often court individual females repeatedly over a season; for example, male lizards sequentially visit familiar females as they patrol territorial boundaries. It may benefit males to vary display intensity as they move between multiple females. In this study, we explored the factors influencing amount of male courtship to familiar females in the sagebrush lizard, Sceloporus graciosus. We tested whether males vary the amount of courtship exhibited due to individual differences among males, female reproductive state, or female fitness potential. Each male was allowed to interact separately, but repeatedly, with 2 females until both females laid eggs. Male courtship behavior with each of the 2 females was assayed at an intermediate point, after 3 weeks of interaction. We found that individual differences among males were considerable. The number of male courtship displays was also positively correlated with female latency to lay eggs, with males displaying more often toward females with eggs that had not yet been fertilized. Courtship behavior was not well predicted by the number of eggs laid or by female width, both measures of female quality. Thus, male S. graciosus appear to alter courtship intensity more in response to signals of female reproductive state than in response to variation in potential female fitness. PMID:19458780

Davis, Erica; Martins, Emilia P.

2008-01-01

22

Plant mortality varies with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal species identities in a self-thinning population  

PubMed Central

Because arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal (AMF) species differ in stimulating the growth of particular host plant species, AMF species may vary in their effects on plant intra-specific competition and the self-thinning process. We tested this hypothesis using a microcosm experiment with Medicago sativa L. as a model plant population and four AMF species. Our results showed that the AMF species Glomus diaphanum stimulated host plant growth more than the other three AMF species did when the plants were grown individually. Glomus diaphanum also induced the highest rate of mortality in the self-thinning plant populations. We also found a positive correlation between mortality and growth response to colonization. Our results demonstrate that AMF species can affect plant mortality and the self-thinning process by affecting plant growth differently. PMID:21147829

Zhang, Qian; Tang, Jianjun; Chen, Xin

2011-01-01

23

Influence of stuttering variation on talker group classification in preschool children: Preliminary findings  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether variations in disfluencies of young children who do (CWS) and do not stutter (CWNS) significantly change their talker group classification or diagnosis from stutterer to nonstutterer, and vice versa. Participants consisted of 17 3- to 5-year-old CWS and 9 3- to 5-year-old CWNS, with no statistically significant between-group difference in chronological age (CWS: M = 45.53 months, SD = 8.32; CWNS: M = 47.67 months, SD = 6.69). All participants had speech, language, and hearing development within normal limits, with the exception of stuttering for CWS. Both talker groups participated in a series of speaking samples that varied by: (a) conversational partner [parent and clinician], (b) location [home and clinic], and (c) context [conversation and narrative]. The primary dependent measures for this study were the number of stuttering-like disfluencies (SLD) per total number of spoken words [%SLD] and the ratio of SLD to total disfluencies (TD) [SLD/TD]. Results indicated that significant variability of stuttering did not exist as a result of conversational partner or location. Changes in context, however, did impact the CWS, who demonstrated higher SLD/TD in the conversation sample versus a narrative sample. Consistent with hypotheses, CWS and CWNS were accurately identified as stutterers and nonstutterers, respectively, regardless of changes to conversational partner, location or context for the overall participant sample. Present findings were taken to suggest that during assessment, variations in stuttering frequency resulting from changes in conversational partner, location or context do not significantly influence the diagnosis of stuttering, especially for children not on the talker group classification borderline between CWS and CWNS. PMID:19167719

Johnson, Kia N.; Karrass, Jan; Conture, Edward G.; Walden, Tedra

2010-01-01

24

Experience with a Talker Can Transfer Across Modalities to Facilitate Lipreading  

PubMed Central

Rosenblum, Miller, and Sanchez (2007) found that participants first trained to lipread a particular talker were then better able to perceive the auditory speech of that same talker, compared to that of a novel talker. This suggests that the talker experience a perceiver gains in one sensory modality can be transferred to another modality to make that speech easier to perceive. An experiment was conducted to examine whether this cross-sensory transfer of talker experience could occur: 1) from auditory to lipread speech; 2) with subjects not screened for adequate lipreading skill; 3) when both a familiar and unfamiliar talker are presented during lipreading; and 4) for both old (presentation set) and new words. Subjects were first asked to identify a set of words from a talker. They were then asked to perform a lipreading task from two faces, one of which was of the same talker they heard in the first phase of the experiment. Results revealed that subjects who lipread from the same talker they had heard performed better than those who lipead a different talker, regardless of whether the words were old or new. These results add further evidence that learning of amodal talker information can facilitate speech perception across modalities and also suggest that this information is not restricted to previously heard words. PMID:23955059

Sanchez, Kauyumari; Dias, James W.; Rosenblum, Lawrence D.

2013-01-01

25

Preschoolers' Use of Talker Information in On-Line Comprehension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A crucial part of language development is learning how various social and contextual language-external factors constrain an utterance's meaning. This learning process is poorly understood. Five experiments addressed one hundred thirty-one 3- to 5-year-old children's use of one such socially relevant information source: talker characteristics.…

Creel, Sarah C.

2012-01-01

26

Bimodal Hearing and Speech Perception with a Competing Talker  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The objective of the study was to investigate the influence of bimodal stimulation upon hearing ability for speech recognition in the presence of a single competing talker. Method: Speech recognition was measured in 3 listening conditions: hearing aid (HA) alone, cochlear implant (CI) alone, and both devices together (CI + HA). To examine…

Pyschny, Verena; Landwehr, Markus; Hahn, Moritz; Walger, Martin; von Wedel, Hasso; Meister, Hartmut

2011-01-01

27

Phoneme contrasts with two, same-talker speakers  

Microsoft Academic Search

People often have difficulty hearing speech in the presence of concurrent conversations. This well-known cocktail-party effect can be parsed into energetic and informational masking effects. The purpose of this study was to measure and model the effects of energetic and informational masking that occur when two words, spoken by the same talker are heard at the same time. The word

Mark Ericson; Pamela Mishler

2003-01-01

28

Effects of Talker Variability on Vowel Recognition in Cochlear Implants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To investigate the effects of talker variability on vowel recognition by cochlear implant (CI) users and by normal-hearing (NH) participants listening to 4-channel acoustic CI simulations. Method: CI users were tested with their clinically assigned speech processors. For NH participants, 3 CI processors were simulated, using different…

Chang, Yi-ping; Fu, Qian-Jie

2006-01-01

29

Integration of current identity-based district-varied health insurance schemes in China: implications and challenges.  

PubMed

With China's great efforts to improve public health insurance, clear progress has been achieved toward the ambitious full health insurance coverage strategy for all. The current health insurance schemes in China fall into three categories: urban employee basic health insurance scheme, urban resident scheme, and new rural cooperative medical system. Despite their phasic success, these substantially identity-based, district-varied health insurance schemes have separate operation mechanisms, various administrative institutions, and consequently poor connections. On the other hand, the establishment and implementation of various health insurance schemes provide the preconditioning of more sophisticated social health insurance schemes, the increase in the income of urban and rural people, and the great importance attached by the government. Moreover, the reform of the "Hukou" (household register) system provides economical, official, and institutional bases. Therefore, the establishment of an urban-rural integrated, citizen-based, and nationwide-universal health insurance scheme by the government is critically important to attain equality and national connection. Accordingly, the differences between urban and rural areas should be minimized. In addition, the current schemes, administrative institutions, and networks should be integrated and interconnected. Moreover, more expenditure on health insurance might be essential for the integration despite the settings of global financial crisis. Regardless of the possible challenges in implementation, the proposed new scheme is promising and may be applied in the near future for the benefit of the Chinese people and global health. PMID:22460451

Wang, Hai-Qiang; Liu, Zhi-Heng; Zhang, Yong-Zhao; Luo, Zhuo-Jing

2012-03-01

30

Perception of speech produced by native and nonnative talkers by listeners with normal hearing and listeners with cochlear implants.  

PubMed

PURPOSE The aim of this study was to evaluate the understanding of English sentences produced by native (English) and nonnative (Spanish) talkers by listeners with normal hearing (NH) and listeners with cochlear implants (CIs). METHOD Sentence recognition in noise was measured in adult subjects with CIs and subjects with NH, all of whom were native talkers of American English. Test sentences were from the Hearing in Noise Test (HINT) database and were produced in English by four native and eight nonnative talkers. Subjects also rated the intelligibility and accent for each talker. RESULTS The speech recognition thresholds in noise of subjects with CIs and subjects with NH were 4.23 dB and 1.32 dB poorer with nonnative talkers than with native talkers, respectively. Performance was significantly correlated with talker intelligibility and accent ratings for subjects with CIs but only correlated with talker intelligibility ratings for subjects with NH. For all subjects, performance with individual nonnative talkers was significantly correlated with talkers' number of years of residence in the United States. CONCLUSION CI users exhibited a larger deficit in speech understanding with nonnative talkers than did subjects with NH, relative to native talkers. Nonnative talkers' experience with native culture contributed strongly to speech understanding in noise, intelligibility ratings, and accent ratings of both listeners with NH and listeners with CIs. PMID:24686901

Ji, Caili; Galvin, John J; Chang, Yi-ping; Xu, Anting; Fu, Qian-Jie

2014-04-01

31

Learning to Recognize Talkers From Natural, Sinewave, and Reversed Speech Samples  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 5 experiments, the authors investigated how listeners learn to recognize unfamiliar talkers and how experience with specific utterances generalizes to novel instances. Listeners were trained over several days to identify 10 talkers from natural, sinewave, or reversed speech sentences. The sinewave signals preserved phonetic and some suprasegmental properties while eliminating natural vocal quality. In contrast, the reversed speech signals

Sonya M. Sheffert; David B. Pisoni; Jennifer M. Fellowes; Robert E. Remez

2002-01-01

32

Learning to recognize talkers from natural, sinewave, and reversed speech samples  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 5 experiments, the authors investigated how listeners learn to recognize unfamiliar talkers and how experience with specific utterances generalizes to novel instances. Listeners were trained over several days to identify 10 talkers from natural, sinewave, or reversed speech sentences. The sinewave signals preserved phonetic and some suprasegmental properties while eliminating natural vocal quality. In contrast, the reversed speech signals

Sonya M. Sheffert; David B. Pisoni; Jennifer M. Fellowes; Robert E. Remez

2002-01-01

33

HMM-BASED AND SVM-BASED RECOGNITION OF THE SPEECH OF TALKERS WITH SPASTIC DYSARTHRIA  

E-print Network

This paper studies the speech of three talkers with spastic dysarthria caused by cerebral palsy. All three of disabilities such as, but not limited to, cerebral palsy and traumatic brain injury [1]. Adults with cerebralHMM-BASED AND SVM-BASED RECOGNITION OF THE SPEECH OF TALKERS WITH SPASTIC DYSARTHRIA Mark Hasegawa

Hasegawa-Johnson, Mark

34

Talker Differences in Clear and Conversational Speech: Vowel Intelligibility for Older Adults with Hearing Loss  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To establish the range of talker variability for vowel intelligibility in clear versus conversational speech for older adults with hearing loss and to determine whether talkers who produced a clear speech benefit for young listeners with normal hearing also did so for older adults with hearing loss. Method: Clear and conversational vowels…

Ferguson, Sarah Hargus

2012-01-01

35

Listen to Your Mother!: The Role of Talker Familiarity in Infant Streaming  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little is known about the acoustic cues infants might use to selectively attend to one talker in the presence of background noise. This study examined the role of talker familiarity as a possible cue. Infants either heard their own mothers (maternal-voice condition) or a different infant's mother (novel-voice condition) repeating isolated words…

Barker, Brittan A.; Newman, Rochelle S.

2004-01-01

36

Influence of Phonotactic Probability/Neighbourhood Density on Lexical Learning in Late Talkers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Toddlers who are late talkers demonstrate delays in phonological and lexical skills. However, the influence of phonological factors on lexical acquisition in toddlers who are late talkers has not been examined directly. Aims: To examine the influence of phonotactic probability/neighbourhood density on word learning in toddlers who were…

MacRoy-Higgins, Michelle; Schwartz, Richard G.; Shafer, Valerie L.; Marton, Klara

2013-01-01

37

Acoustic-phonetic correlates of talker intelligibility for adults and children  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigated acoustic-phonetic correlates of intelligibility for adult and child talkers, and whether the relative intelligibility of different talkers was dependent on listener characteristics. In experiment 1, word intelligibility was measured for 45 talkers (18 women, 15 men, 6 boys, 6 girls) from a homogeneous accent group. The material consisted of 124 words familiar to 7-year-olds that adequately covered all frequent consonant confusions; stimuli were presented to 135 adult and child listeners in low-level background noise. Seven-to-eight-year-old listeners made significantly more errors than 12-year-olds or adults, but the relative intelligibility of individual talkers was highly consistent across groups. In experiment 2, listener ratings on a number of voice dimensions were obtained for the adults talkers identified in experiment 1 as having the highest and lowest intelligibility. Intelligibility was significantly correlated with subjective dimensions reflecting articulation, voice dynamics, and general quality. Finally, in experiment 3, measures of fundamental frequency, long-term average spectrum, word duration, consonant-vowel intensity ratio, and vowel space size were obtained for all talkers. Overall, word intelligibility was significantly correlated with the total energy in the 1- to 3-kHz region and word duration; these measures predicted 61% of the variability in intelligibility. The fact that the relative intelligibility of individual talkers was remarkably consistent across listener age groups suggests that the acoustic-phonetic characteristics of a talker's utterance are the primary factor in determining talker intelligibility. Although some acoustic-phonetic correlates of intelligibility were identified, variability in the profiles of the ``best'' talkers suggests that high intelligibility can be achieved through a combination of different acoustic-phonetic characteristics. .

Hazan, Valerie; Markham, Duncan

2004-11-01

38

A Collection of Pseudo-Words to Study Multi-Talker Speech Intelligibility without Shifts of Spatial Attention  

PubMed Central

A new collection of pseudo-words was recorded from a single female speaker of American English for use in multi-talker speech intelligibility research. The pseudo-words (known as the KARG collection) consist of three groups of single syllable pseudo-words varying only by the initial phoneme. The KARG method allows speech intelligibility to be studied free of the influence of shifts of spatial attention from one loudspeaker location to another in multi-talker contexts. To achieve this, all KARG pseudo-words share the same concluding rimes, with only the first phoneme serving as a distinguishing identifier. This ensures that listeners are unable to correctly identify the target pseudo-word without hearing the initial phoneme. As the duration of all the initial phonemes are brief, much shorter than the time required to spatially shift attention, the KARG method assesses speech intelligibility without the confound of shifting spatial attention. The KARG collection is available free for research purposes. PMID:22435061

Allen, Kachina; Alais, David; Carlile, Simon

2012-01-01

39

Differential neural contributions to native- and foreign-language talker identification  

PubMed Central

Humans are remarkably adept at identifying individuals by the sound of their voice, a behavior supported by the nervous system’s ability to integrate information from voice and speech perception. Talker-identification abilities are significantly impaired when listeners are unfamiliar with the language being spoken. Recent behavioral studies describing the language-familiarity effect implicate functionally integrated neural systems for speech and voice perception, yet specific neuroscientific evidence demonstrating the basis for such integration has not yet been shown. Listeners in the present study learned to identify voices speaking a familiar (native) or unfamiliar (foreign) language. The talker-identification performance of neural circuitry in each cerebral hemisphere was assessed using dichotic listening. To determine the relative contribution of circuitry in each hemisphere to ecological (binaural) talker identification abilities, we compared the predictive capacity of dichotic performance on binaural performance across languages. We found listeners’ right-ear (left hemisphere) performance to be a better predictor of overall accuracy in their native language than a foreign one. The enhanced predictive capacity of the classically language-dominant left-hemisphere on overall talker-identification accuracy demonstrates functionally integrated neural systems for speech and voice perception during natural talker identification. PMID:19968445

Perrachione, Tyler K.; Pierrehumbert, Janet B.; Wong, Patrick C.M.

2009-01-01

40

Perceptual-Gestural (Mis)Mapping in Serial Short-Term Memory: The Impact of Talker Variability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mechanisms underlying the poorer serial recall of talker-variable lists (e.g., alternating female-male voices) as compared with single-voice lists were examined. We tested the novel hypothesis that this "talker variability effect" arises from the tendency for perceptual organization to partition the list into streams based on voice such that…

Hughes, Robert W.; Marsh, John E.; Jones, Dylan M.

2009-01-01

41

Children's Identification of Consonants in a Speech-Shaped Noise or a Two-Talker Masker  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To evaluate child-adult differences for consonant identification in a noise or a 2-talker masker. Error patterns were compared across age and masker type to test the hypothesis that errors with the noise masker reflect limitations in the peripheral encoding of speech, whereas errors with the 2-talker masker reflect target-masker…

Leibold, Lori J.; Buss, Emily

2013-01-01

42

Multi-talker background and semantic priming effect  

PubMed Central

The reported studies have aimed to investigate whether informational masking in a multi-talker background relies on semantic interference between the background and target using an adapted semantic priming paradigm. In 3 experiments, participants were required to perform a lexical decision task on a target item embedded in backgrounds composed of 1–4 voices. These voices were Semantically Consistent (SC) voices (i.e., pronouncing words sharing semantic features with the target) or Semantically Inconsistent (SI) voices (i.e., pronouncing words semantically unrelated to each other and to the target). In the first experiment, backgrounds consisted of 1 or 2 SC voices. One and 2 SI voices were added in Experiments 2 and 3, respectively. The results showed a semantic priming effect only in the conditions where the number of SC voices was greater than the number of SI voices, suggesting that semantic priming depended on prime intelligibility and strategic processes. However, even if backgrounds were composed of 3 or 4 voices, reducing intelligibility, participants were able to recognize words from these backgrounds, although no semantic priming effect on the targets was observed. Overall this finding suggests that informational masking can occur at a semantic level if intelligibility is sufficient. Based on the Effortfulness Hypothesis, we also suggest that when there is an increased difficulty in extracting target signals (caused by a relatively high number of voices in the background), more cognitive resources were allocated to formal processes (i.e., acoustic and phonological), leading to a decrease in available resources for deeper semantic processing of background words, therefore preventing semantic priming from occurring. PMID:25400572

Dekerle, Marie; Boulenger, Véronique; Hoen, Michel; Meunier, Fanny

2014-01-01

43

Speaking rate effects on articulatory pattern consistency in talkers with mild ALS.  

PubMed

Abstract This study investigated speaking rate effects on articulatory pattern consistency in talkers with mild amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) to better understand speech rate declines during the early stages of speech deterioration. Eight talkers with mild ALS and 11 controls repeated a sentence at their typical rate, an accelerated rate, and a reduced rate. Lip and jaw movements were captured using a 3-D motion capture system. Results showed that talkers with ALS produced more consistent articulatory patterns during typical speech than did controls. Further, rate reduction resulted in diminished pattern consistency in both groups. Fast speech also elicited less consistent articulatory patterns in talkers with ALS. Controls, by contrast, tended to produce more consistent patterns during fast speech. Relatively inconsistent patterns during fast speech suggest that ALS may negatively affect articulatory control when the speech motor system operates near its performance limit. Relatively consistent patterns during typical speech indicate a successful adaption to disease-related articulatory deficits. Rate reduction does not appear to benefit articulatory stability during early stages of speech decline. PMID:24724615

Mefferd, Antje S; Pattee, Gary L; Green, Jordan R

2014-11-01

44

Talker variance and phonetic feature variance in diagnostic intelligibility scores for digital voice communications processors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multiple-speaker tests of digital voice communications processors typically result in intelligibility scores deviating significantly from normal distributions, and characterized by significant differences between talker mean scores, as well as between mean scores for phonetic features. Rank-ordering of populations of diagnostic scores for a processor, and preparation of cumulative distribution functions (CDF's) facilitates both formal and informal assessments of intelligibility performance.

C. Smith

1979-01-01

45

Differential Neural Contributions to Native- and Foreign-Language Talker Identification  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Humans are remarkably adept at identifying individuals by the sound of their voice, a behavior supported by the nervous system's ability to integrate information from voice and speech perception. Talker-identification abilities are significantly impaired when listeners are unfamiliar with the language being spoken. Recent behavioral studies…

Perrachione, Tyler K.; Pierrehumbert, Janet B.; Wong, Patrick C. M.

2009-01-01

46

A Distributional Account of Covariance Effects and Talker Adaptation in Infant and Adult Phonetic Category Recognition  

E-print Network

in distinguishing whether the talker is male or female, for instance) but are much less clearly related by a fe- male speaker and the other by a male speaker, infants were unable later to identify those phones by experiments with episodic memory. Goldinger (1996) showed that words spoken by one speaker can be more easily

Edinburgh, University of

47

Children with Specific Language Impairment and Resolved Late Talkers: Working Memory Profiles at 5 Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The evidence of a deficit in working memory in specific language impairment (SLI) is of sufficient magnitude to suggest a primary role in developmental language disorder. However, little research has investigated memory in late talkers who recover from their early delay. Drawing on a longitudinal, community sample, this study compared the…

Petruccelli, Nadia; Bavin, Edith L.; Bretherton, Lesley

2012-01-01

48

The Effect of Talker and Intonation Variability on Speech Perception in Noise in Children with Dyslexia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: In this study, the authors aimed to determine whether children with dyslexia (hereafter referred to as "DYS children") are more affected than children with average reading ability (hereafter referred to as "AR children") by talker and intonation variability when perceiving speech in noise. Method: Thirty-four DYS and 25 AR children were…

Hazan, Valerie; Messaoud-Galusi, Souhila; Rosen, Stuart

2013-01-01

49

Hmm-Based and Svm-Based Recognition of the Speech of Talkers With Spastic Dysarthria  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies the speech of three talkers with spastic dysarthria caused by cerebral palsy. All three subjects share the symptom of low intelligibility, but causes differ. First, all subjects tend to reduce or delete word-initial consonants; one subject deletes all consonants. Second, one subject exhibits a painstaking stutter. Two algorithms were used to develop automatic isolated digit recognition systems

Mark Hasegawa-Johnson; Jonathan Gunderson; A. Penman; Thomas Huang

2006-01-01

50

The Development of Language-Specific and Language-Independent Talker Processing  

PubMed Central

Purpose In this study, the authors aimed to investigate how differences in language ability relate to differences in processing talker information in the native language and an unfamiliar language by comparing performance for different ages and for groups with impaired language. Method Three groups of native English listeners with typical language development (TLD; ages 7–9, ages 10–12, adults) and 2 groups with specific language impairment (SLI; ages 7–9, ages 10–12) participated in the study. Listeners heard pairs of words in both English and German (unfamiliar language) and were asked to determine whether the words were produced by the same or different talkers. Results In English, talker discrimination improved with age. In German, performance improved with age for the school-age children but was worse for adult listeners. No differences were found between TLD and SLI children. Conclusion These results show that as listeners’ language skills develop, there is a trade-off between more general perceptual abilities useful for processing talker information in any language and those that are relevant to their everyday language experiences and, thus, tied to the phonology. The lack of differences between the children with and without language impairments suggests that general auditory processing may be intact in at least some children with SLI. PMID:23275425

Levi, Susannah V.; Schwartz, Richard G.

2014-01-01

51

The Development of Language-Specific and Language-Independent Talker Processing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: In this study, the authors aimed to investigate how differences in language ability relate to differences in processing talker information in the native language and an unfamiliar language by comparing performance for different ages and for groups with impaired language. Method: Three groups of native English listeners with typical…

Levi, Susannah V.; Schwartz, Richard G.

2013-01-01

52

THE DEVELOPMENT OF PHONOLOGICAL SYSTEMATICITY: LATE TALKERS AND TYPICALLY DEVELOPING CHILDREN  

Microsoft Academic Search

Preliminary findings are reported from an ongoing study investigating the relationship of phonological systematicity to language delay or disorder in children who make a late start on word production. Based on formal testing at 2.6 years, we divided these children into 'true' (expressive) late talkers (LTs) and 'transitional' LTs (TLTs), depending on whether or not their expressive language falls at

Marilyn M. Vihman; Tamar Keren-Portnoy; Susi Schiemenz

53

Talker Differences in Clear and Conversational Speech: Acoustic Characteristics of Vowels  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To determine the specific acoustic changes that underlie improved vowel intelligibility in clear speech. Method: Seven acoustic metrics were measured for conversational and clear vowels produced by 12 talkers--6 who previously were found (S. H. Ferguson, 2004) to produce a large clear speech vowel intelligibility effect for listeners with…

Ferguson, Sarah Hargus; Kewley-Port, Diane

2007-01-01

54

Influence of Stuttering Variation on Talker Group Classification in Preschool Children: Preliminary Findings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether variations in disfluencies of young children who do (CWS) and do not stutter (CWNS) significantly change their talker group classification or diagnosis from stutterer to nonstutterer, and vice versa. Participants consisted of seventeen 3- to 5-year-old CWS and nine 3- to 5-year-old CWNS, with no…

Johnson, Kia N.; Karrass, Jan; Conture, Edward G.; Walden, Tedra

2009-01-01

55

Strategies adopted by talkers faced with fluctuating and competing-speech maskers.  

PubMed

Studying how interlocutors exchange information efficiently during conversations in less-than-ideal acoustic conditions promises to both further the understanding of links between perception and production and inform the design of human-computer dialogue systems. The current study explored how interlocutors' speech changes in the presence of fluctuating noise. Pairs of talkers were recorded while solving puzzles cooperatively in quiet and with modulated-noise or competing speech maskers whose silent intervals were manipulated to produce either temporally sparse or dense maskers. Talkers responded to masked conditions by both increasing the amount of speech produced and locally changing their speech activity patterns, resulting in a net reduction in the proportion of speech in temporal overlap with the maskers, with larger relative reductions for sparse maskers. An analysis of talker activity in the vicinity of masker onset and offset events showed a significant reduction in onsets following masker onsets, and a similar increase in onsets following masker offsets. These findings demonstrate that talkers are sensitive to masking noise and respond to its fluctuations by adopting a "wait-and-talk" strategy. PMID:24116425

Aubanel, Vincent; Cooke, Martin

2013-10-01

56

Comparison of bimodal and bilateral cochlear implant users on speech recognition with competing talker, music perception, affective prosody discrimination and talker identification  

PubMed Central

Objectives Despite excellent performance in speech recognition in quiet, most cochlear implant users have great difficulty with speech recognition in noise, music perception, identifying tone of voice, and discriminating different talkers. This may be partly due to the pitch coding in cochlear implant speech processing. Most current speech processing strategies use only the envelope information; the temporal fine structure is discarded. One way to improve electric pitch perception is to utilize residual acoustic hearing via a hearing aid on the non-implanted ear (bimodal hearing). This study aimed to test the hypothesis that bimodal users would perform better than bilateral cochlear implant users on tasks requiring good pitch perception. Design Four pitch-related tasks were used: Hearing in Noise Test (HINT) sentences spoken by a male talker with a competing female, male, or child talker. Montreal Battery of Evaluation of Amusia. This is a music test with six subtests examining pitch, rhythm and timing perception, and musical memory. Aprosodia Battery. This has five subtests evaluating aspects of affective prosody and recognition of sarcasm. Talker identification using vowels spoken by ten different talkers (three male, three female, two boys, and two girls). Bilateral cochlear implant users were chosen as the comparison group. Thirteen bimodal and thirteen bilateral adult cochlear implant users were recruited; all had good speech perception in quiet. Results There were no significant differences between the mean scores of the bimodal and bilateral groups on any of the tests, although the bimodal group did perform better than the bilateral group on almost all tests. Performance on the different pitch-related tasks was not correlated, meaning that if a subject performed one task well they would not necessarily perform well on another. The correlation between the bimodal users' hearing threshold levels in the aided ear and their performance on these tasks was weak. Conclusions Although the bimodal cochlear implant group performed better than the bilateral group on most parts of the four pitch-related tests, the differences were not statistically significant. The lack of correlation between test results shows that the tasks used are not simply providing a measure of pitch ability. Even if the bimodal users have better pitch perception, the real-world tasks used are reflecting more diverse skills than pitch. This research adds to the existing speech perception, language, and localization studies that show no significant difference between bimodal and bilateral cochlear implant users. PMID:21178567

Cullington, Helen E; Zeng, Fan-Gang

2010-01-01

57

Aided speech-identification performance in single-talker competition by older adults with impaired hearing  

PubMed Central

This study examined the effects of increased processing load on the closed-set speech-identification performance of young and older adults in a one-talker background. Since the older adults had impaired hearing, speech-identification performance was measured for spectrally shaped stimuli comparable to those experienced when wearing well-fit hearing aids. There were three groups of listeners: (1) 19 older adults with high-frequency sensorineural hearing loss; (2) 10 young adults with normal hearing who were assessed with the same spectrally shaped stimuli as the older adults; (3) 9 young adults with normal hearing who were assessed without spectral shaping and at a poorer target-to-competition ratio in an effort to equate overall performance to that of the older adults. In addition to this group factor, there were three within-participant repeated-measures independent variables designed to increase the demands on processing for the target and competing speech stimuli. These were: (1) competition meaningfulness (played in forward or reverse direction); (2) gender match between target and competing talkers (same or different gender); and (3) talker uncertainty (either the same target/competition talker pair or one of many such pairs on each trial). These three repeated-measures independent variables were examined in a 2 × 2 × 2 factorial design. They showed roughly independent and additive effects on speech-identification such that combinations of these variables decreased performance cumulatively. Older adults performed worse than young adults across the board, but also showed diminished relative improvement as the processing load was decreased. Individual differences in performance among the older adults were also examined. PMID:19778396

HUMES, LARRY E.; COUGHLIN, MAUREEN

2010-01-01

58

A Follow-Up Study on Italian Late Talkers: Development of Language, Short-Term Memory, Phonological Awareness, Impulsiveness, and Attention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This follow-up study compares cognitive and language aspects of a group of Italian children ages 4-6 years, who had shown delayed expressive language abilities at 24 months of age (late talkers), with those of a group of children with a history of normal expressive language development (average talkers). Children were given a battery of…

D'Odorico, Laura; Assanelli, Alessandra; Franco, Fabia; Jacob, Valentina

2007-01-01

59

HMM-Based and SVM-Based Recognition of the Speech of Talkers with Spastic Dysarthria  

E-print Network

This paper studies the speech of three talkers with spastic dysarthria caused by cerebral palsy. All three subjects share the symptom of low intelligibility, but causes differ. First, all subjects tend to reduce or delete word-initial consonants; one subject deletes all consonants. Second, one subject exhibits a painstaking stutter. Two algorithms were used to develop automatic isolated digit recognition systems for these subjects. HMM-based recognition was successful for two subjects, but failed for the subject who deletes all consonants. Conversely, digit recognition experiments assuming a fixed word length (using SVMs) were successful for two subjects, but failed for the subject with the stutter. 1.

Mark Hasegawa-johnson; Jonathan Gunderson; Adrienne Perlman; Thomas Huang

2006-01-01

60

Navajo Code Talker Joe Morris, Sr. shared insights from his time as a secret World War Two messenger  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Navajo Code Talker Joe Morris, Sr. shared insights from his time as a secret World War Two messenger with his audience at NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center on Nov. 26, 2002. NASA Dryden is located on Edwards Air Force Base in California's Mojave Desert.

2002-01-01

61

Perception of Speech Produced by Native and Nonnative Talkers by Listeners with Normal Hearing and Listeners with Cochlear Implants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the understanding of English sentences produced by native (English) and nonnative (Spanish) talkers by listeners with normal hearing (NH) and listeners with cochlear implants (CIs). Method: Sentence recognition in noise was measured in adult subjects with CIs and subjects with NH, all of whom were…

Ji, Caili; Galvin, John J.; Chang, Yi-ping; Xu, Anting; Fu, Qian-Jie

2014-01-01

62

Lexical Training through Modeling and Elicitation Procedures with Late Talkers Who Have Specific Language Impairment and Developmental Delays  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Late talkers with specific language impairment and developmental delay make up a large portion of our early childhood caseloads; therefore, an understanding of best clinical practices for these populations is essential. Early lexical learning was examined in 2 interactive treatment approaches with 29 late-talking preschoolers with language and…

Kouri, Theresa A.

2005-01-01

63

Recognition of spoken words by native and non-native listeners: Talker-, listener-, and item-related factors  

PubMed Central

In order to gain insight into the interplay between the talker-, listener-, and item-related factors that influence speech perception, a large multi-talker database of digitally recorded spoken words was developed, and was then submitted to intelligibility tests with multiple listeners. Ten talkers produced two lists of words at three speaking rates. One list contained lexically “easy” words (words with few phonetically similar sounding “neighbors” with which they could be confused), and the other list contained lexically “hard” (wordswords with many phonetically similar sounding “neighbors”). An analysis of the intelligibility data obtained with native speakers of English (experiment 1) showed a strong effect of lexical similarity. Easy words had higher intelligibility scores than hard words. A strong effect of speaking rate was also found whereby slow and medium rate words had higher intelligibility scores than fast rate words. Finally, a relationship was also observed between the various stimulus factors whereby the perceptual difficulties imposed by one factor, such as a hard word spoken at a fast rate, could be overcome by the advantage gained through the listener's experience and familiarity with the speech of a particular talker. In experiment 2, the investigation was extended to another listener population, namely, non-native listeners. Results showed that the ability to take advantage of surface phonetic information, such as a consistent talker across items, is a perceptual skill that transfers easily from first to second language perception. However, non-native listeners had particular difficulty with lexically hard words even when familiarity with the items was controlled, suggesting that non-native word recognition may be compromised when fine phonetic discrimination at the segmental level is required. Taken together, the results of this study provide insight into the signal-dependent and signal-independent factors that influence spoken language processing in native and non-native listeners. PMID:10530030

Bradlow, Ann R.; Pisoni, David B.

2012-01-01

64

Identity and Global Mobility  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter examines how identity is related to the mobility of professionals who initiate expatriation. In this context\\u000a a “professional” has a multifaceted identity in which career (a personal identity), family (a role identity) and cultural\\u000a selves (a collective identity) are combined. These components vary in the degree to which they affect the motivation to expatriate\\u000a or repatriate.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Having a

Phyllis Tharenou

65

Varying constants.  

PubMed

We review properties of theories for the variation of gravitation and fine structure 'constants'. We highlight some general features of the cosmological models that exist in these theories with reference to recent quasar data that are consistent with time variation in the fine structure constant since a redshift of 3.5. The behaviour of a simple class of varying-alpha cosmologies is outlined in the light of all the observational constraints. PMID:16147502

Barrow, John D

2005-09-15

66

Efficient A4ethods for Simulating a Moving Talker in a Rectangular Room Benoit Champagne,Arthur Lobo and Peter Kabul  

E-print Network

, the use of a microphone array can lead to significant improvements in the intelligibility of the captured to adding them coherently. A common requirement of practical microphone array systems is the ability of a microphone to a moving talker in a rectangular room. Both methods are based on an extension of the image

Kabal, Peter

67

Identity theft  

Microsoft Academic Search

Almost every week I hear a news report or read a newspaper article about identity theft. It will either be about yet another person who suffers at the hands of the identity thief, some new software or hardware breakthrough that will foil the activities of the identity thieves, or, a new report or study telling us the cost of identity

Berni Dwan

2004-01-01

68

Gender Identity  

MedlinePLUS

... identity is more about "who you are" (boy, girl, or even possibly both types of feelings) and sexual orientation is about "who you have a crush on". What does "transgender" mean? Transgender people are people whose gender identity (feeling ...

69

Moral Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Moral identity is a construct at the intersection of moral development and identity formation. It is thought to be a source\\u000a of moral motivation linking moral reasoning (our judgments about whether certain actions are right or wrong) to behavior.\\u000a In other words, people with a stronger sense of moral identity will be more likely to do what they know is

Sam A. Hardy; Gustavo Carlo

70

Similarity and familiarity: Second language sentence recognition in first- and second-language multi-talker babblea  

PubMed Central

The intelligibility of speech in noisy environments depends not only on the functionality of listeners’ peripheral auditory systems, but also on cognitive factors such as their language learning experience. Previous studies have shown, for example, that normal-hearing listeners attending to a non-native language have more difficulty identifying speech targets in noisy conditions than do native listeners. Furthermore, native listeners have more difficulty understanding speech targets in the presence of speech noise in their native language versus a foreign language. The present study addresses the role of listener language experience with both the target and noise languages by examining second-language sentence recognition in first- and second-language noise. Native English speakers and non-native English speakers whose native language is Mandarin were tested on English sentence recognition in English and Mandarin 2-talker babble. Results show that both listener groups experienced greater difficulty in English versus Mandarin babble, but that native Mandarin listeners experienced a smaller release from masking in Mandarin babble relative to English babble. These results indicate that both the similarity between the target and noise and the language experience of the listeners contribute to the amount of interference listeners experience when listening to speech in the presence of speech noise. PMID:21179561

Van Engen, Kristin J.

2010-01-01

71

Identity crisis?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article responds to arguments made in a recent paper by Bucholtz and Hall (Bucholtz, M., Hall, K., 2004. Theorizing identity in language and sexuality research. Language in Society 33, 469–515), in which two contrasting approaches to language and sexuality, dubbed “identity-based” and “desire-centered”, are identified, and the latter is critiqued. As well as seeking to correct some inaccuracies in

Deborah Cameron; Don Kulick

2005-01-01

72

Collective Intelligence in Citizen Science -- A Study of Performers and Talkers  

E-print Network

The recent emergence of online citizen science is illustrative of an efficient and effective means to harness the crowd in order to achieve a range of scientific discoveries. Fundamentally, citizen science projects draw upon crowds of non-expert volunteers to complete short Tasks, which can vary in domain and complexity. However, unlike most human-computational systems, participants in these systems, the `citizen scientists' are volunteers, whereby no incentives, financial or otherwise, are offered. Furthermore, encouraged by citizen science platforms such as Zooniverse, online communities have emerged, providing them with an environment to discuss, share ideas, and solve problems. In fact, it is the result of these forums that has enabled a number of scientific discoveries to be made. In this paper we explore the phenomenon of collective intelligence via the relationship between the activities of online citizen science communities and the discovery of scientific knowledge. We perform a cross-project analysis...

Tinati, Ramine; Luczak-Roesch, Markus; Van Kleek, Max; Shadbolt, Nigel

2014-01-01

73

Projected Identities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the idea behind Projected Identities, an art activity wherein students fuse art-making processes and digital image manipulations in a series of exploratory artistic self-examinations. At some point in every person's life they've been told something hard to forget. Students might, for example, translate phrases like, "Good…

Anderson, Mark Alan

2006-01-01

74

Scholarly Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The work of academics has intensified, but the focus for most remains on teaching, research and contribution to service. Institutional imperatives and positioning within universities impact significantly on how individual academics fashion themselves to fit with expectations and demands. There is, of course, no simple version of scholarly identity

White, Julie

2012-01-01

75

Performing Identities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The intercultural communication course offers a unique space for the introduction of pluralistic realities and lived experiences. Intercultural communication instructors are faced with the formidable task of facilitating a course that provides an outlet for exploring complex information related to the negotiation of cultural identities and value…

Heuman, Amy N.; Simmons, Jake; Kinane, Ryan D.; Stow, Brandon D.

2008-01-01

76

Musical America: United yet Varied Identities for Classroom Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than ever, today's America is diverse beyond anyone's wildest dreams, and the music that resonates in families and neighborhoods, on concert stages, in schools, dance halls, and clubs, and through the media is as wide a variety as exists anywhere in the world. America's music is decidedly difficult to pin down as a single and united style, as…

Campbell, Patricia Shehan; Lum, Chee-Hoo

2008-01-01

77

An integrated model of person identification based on Perrachione & Wong (2007). Current psychological models of talker identification (e.g. Belin et al., 2004) posit the use of only  

E-print Network

by the National Institutes of Health (USA) grants R03HD051827 and R21DC007468 to P.W. AbstractAbstract Voice-Race in the objects of perception in these two modalities. Here we investigate the existence of an own-race bias demonstrate an own-race bias in talker identification: Listeners of different ethnic backgrounds show

Gabrieli, John

78

Subjective and psychophysiological indices of listening effort in a competing-talker task  

PubMed Central

Background The effects of noise and other competing backgrounds on speech recognition performance are well documented. There is less information, however, on listening effort and stress experienced by listeners during a speech recognition task that requires inhibition of competing sounds. Purpose The purpose was a) to determine if psychophysiological indices of listening effort were more sensitive than performance measures (percentage correct) obtained near ceiling level during a competing speech task b) to determine the relative sensitivity of four psychophysiological measures to changes in task demand and c) to determine the relationships between changes in psychophysiological measures and changes in subjective ratings of stress and workload. Research Design A repeated-measures experimental design was used to examine changes in performance, psychophysiological measures, and subjective ratings in response to increasing task demand. Study Sample Fifteen adults with normal hearing participated in the study. The mean age of the participants was 27 (range: 24–54). Data Collection and Analysis Psychophysiological recordings of heart rate, skin conductance, skin temperature, and electromyographic activity (EMG) were obtained during listening tasks of varying demand. Materials from the Dichotic Digits Test were used to modulate task demand. The three levels of tasks demand were: single digits presented to one ear (low-demand reference condition), single digits presented simultaneously to both ears (medium demand), and a series of two digits presented simultaneously to both ears (high demand). Participants were asked to repeat all the digits they heard while psychophysiological activity was recorded simultaneously. Subjective ratings of task load were obtained after each condition using the NASA-TLX questionnaire. Repeated-measures analyses of variance were completed for each measure using task demand and session as factors. Results Mean performance was higher than 96% for all listening tasks. There was no significant change in performance across listening conditions for any listener. There was, however, a significant increase in mean skin conductance and EMG activity as task demand increased. Heart rate and skin temperature did not change significantly. There was no strong association between subjective and psychophysiological measures, but all participants with mean normalized effort ratings of greater than 4.5 (i.e. effort increased by a factor of at least 4.5) showed significant changes in skin conductance. Conclusions Even in the absence of substantial performance changes, listeners may experience changes in subjective and psychophysiological responses consistent with activation of a stress response. Skin conductance appears to be the most promising measure for evaluating individual changes in psychophysiological responses during listening tasks. PMID:21463566

Mackersie, Carol L.; Cones, Heather

2010-01-01

79

Maternal Identity, Occupational Identity and Parental Awareness in Mothers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The quality of parenting in dual career families has been the subject of much debate. To determine whether employed and non-employed mothers, varying in psychological identity status (parental and occupational), differ in the maturity of their perspectives on children and the parent role, 37 married women with children were interviewed. The…

James, Jacquelyn B.; Speisman, Joseph C.

80

Group identity in social and cultural systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research in this paper analyzes the common characteristics shared between social organizations of varied type and how personal and group identity within these groups is derived from the identification with common contextual artifacts. This analysis is performed through survey questions concerning markers of cultural identity posed to the Armenian Diaspora, a relatively small, geographically disparate, cultural group. Due to

Brian Moriarty

2011-01-01

81

Time-Varying Quantiles  

E-print Network

A time-varying quantile can be fitted to a sequence of observations by formulating a time series model for the corresponding population quantile and iteratively applying a suitably modified state space signal extraction algorithm. Quantiles...

Harvey, Andrew C; De Rossi, Giuliano

82

Group Identities: The Social Identity Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The concept of group identity, and its implications for the self and relation to others are addressed by the social identity\\u000a approach within psychology. I review this approach, comprising social identity theory, self-categorization theory, and the\\u000a most important subsequent developments. Social identity theory not only addresses the bases for differentiation and discrimination\\u000a between groups, but it also views social competition

Russell Spears

83

Identity Adaptiveness: Affect Across Multiple Identities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most empirical work that examines the effects of stereotypes on targets considers only one of a target's many social identities. This study examined how individuals implicitly affectively orient themselves toward their social identities in situations in which one or another of these identities is relatively adaptive. An adaptive iden- tity is one associated with stereotypes that predict desirable performance in

Todd L. Pittinsky; Margaret Shih; Nalini Ambady

1999-01-01

84

Dissociative Identity Disorder  

MedlinePLUS

Dissociative Identity Disorder What is dissociative identity disorder (DID)? Dissociative identity disorder (DID), previously referred to as ... among their possessions. What are the symptoms of DID? Often people living with DID are depressed or ...

85

National Identity Learning Module  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This learning module provides conceptual framework on the topic of national identity as well as three case studies on the topics of: icons of identity, landscapes of national identity, and contested public space.

M.keane

86

The identity of clones.  

PubMed

A common concern with respect to cloning is based on the belief that cloning produces identical individuals. This is a fundamental misunderstanding of what type of identity-relation cloning involves. The concept "identity" is ambiguous, and the statement that cloning produces "identical" individuals is not meaningful unless the notion of identity is clarified. This paper distinguishes between numerical and qualitative; relational and intrinsic: logical and empirical identity, and discusses the empirical individuation of clones in terms of genetics, physiology, perception, cognition and personality. I argue that the only relation of identity cloning involves is qualitative, intrinsic and empirical: genetic indiscernibility, unlikely to include identity under other aspects mentioned. A popular argument against cloning claims our "right" to a "unique identity". This objection either implies (absurdly) the right not to be an identical twin, or assumes (incorrectly) that cloning involves identity other than genetic. Either way, the argument is untenable. PMID:10223443

Evers, K

1999-02-01

87

On Multiple Identities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identity is the complex way a person identifies with, and is identified by, his environment. Multiple identities result from the many ways a person has been successfully identified. Identities coexist; sometimes the dominance of one over others becomes evident, and a vertical structure of identities arises. (CS)

Graumann, Carl F.

1983-01-01

88

Alternative Identities in Multicultural Schools in Israel: Emancipatory Identity, Mixed Identity and Transnational Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Economic and technological processes of globalization and the increasing migrations of people in the world undermine dominant national identities. One of the main characteristics of our time is the instability of identities and the continuous invention of new/old identities. Traditions and ethnic identities are deconstructed and reconstructed.…

Resnik, Julia

2006-01-01

89

The Identity and Identity Identification of Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When we tend to analyze the living conditions of teachers, system arrangement and identity identification can be considered a significant method for analysis. In reality, there appears a phenomenon of overlapping identification in the identity identification of teachers in China, which leads to plural selections in the identification manners of…

Qu, Zhengwei

2008-01-01

90

Avoiding Medical Identity Theft  

MedlinePLUS

Tips for Preventing and Detecting Medical Identity Theft Tips for Preventing and Detecting Medical Identity Theft Monitor your health records closely and address any errors quickly Share personal and ...

91

Tomboy as Protective Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The tomboy in contemporary U.S. culture is a complex identity, providing meaning to many girls and women. In this article, we argue tomboy as a gendered social identity also provides temporary “protections” to girls and women in three main ways. First, tomboy identity can excuse masculine-typed behavior in girls and women and, in doing so, protect women from presumptions about

Traci Craig; Jessica LaCroix

2011-01-01

92

Conversations: Identity Matters.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a "conversation" between the authors that discusses various theories of identity, the relationship between identity and literacy, and how identities and literacies are constructed and practiced within relationships of race, gender, class, and space. Addresses findings of recent studies and the authors' thoughts about what these findings…

McCarthey, Sarah J.; Moje, Elizabeth Birr

2002-01-01

93

Genetics and Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the last 20 years the concepts of identity and identification have been subject to much interest in the humanities and social sciences. However, the implications of genetics for identity and identification have been largely neglected. In this paper, I distinguish various conceptions of identity (as continuity over time, as basic kind of being, as unique set of properties, and

Anders Nordgren

2008-01-01

94

Identity and Death Anxiety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined relationships between death anxiety and Erikson's concept of ego identity in White male undergraduates (N=63). Found involvement in identity crisis or decision-making period appeared to have increased death anxiety. Recommends further research between death anxiety and ego identity development. (Author/ABL)

Sterling, Christopher M.; Van Horn, K. Roger

1989-01-01

95

SEXUALITY AND GENDER IDENTITY  

E-print Network

LEARN TO UNDERSTAND SEXUALITY AND GENDER IDENTITY COUNSELLING AND PSYCHOLOGICAL SERVICES CAPS #12;CONTENTS 01 Questioning your sexuality or gender identity 02 Coming out 04 Sexual health 05 Harassment (or ever) label yourself as `gay', `lesbian', `bisexual', or even `straight'. Gender identity

Viglas, Anastasios

96

Identity Security Awareness  

PubMed Central

Identity theft is an increasing concern when organizations, businesses, and even childbirth educators ask for a client's Social Security number for identification purposes. In this column, the author suggests ways to protect one's identity and, more importantly, decrease the opportunities for identity theft. PMID:17273374

Philipsen, Nayna C.

2004-01-01

97

Effect of fundamental-frequency and sentence-onset differences on speech-identification performance of young and older adults in a competing-talker backgrounda  

PubMed Central

This study investigated the benefits of differences between sentences in fundamental frequency (F0) and temporal onset for sentence pairs among listener groups differing in age and hearing sensitivity. Two experiments were completed with the primary difference between experiments being the way in which the stimuli were presented. Experiment 1 used blocked stimulus presentation, which ultimately provided redundant acoustic cues to mark the target sentence in each pair, whereas Experiment 2 sampled a slightly more restricted stimulus space, but in a completely randomized presentation order. For both experiments, listeners were required to detect a cue word (“Baron”) for the target sentence in each pair and to then identify the target words (color, number) that appeared later in the target sentence. Results of Experiment 1 showed that F0 or onset separation cues were beneficial to both cue-word detection and color-number identification performance. There were no significant differences across groups in the ability to detect the cue word, but groups differed in their ability to identify the correct color-number words. Elderly adults with impaired hearing had the greatest difficulty with the identification task despite the application of spectral shaping to restore the audibility of the speech stimuli. For the most part, the primary results of Experiment 1 were replicated in Experiment 2, although, in the latter experiment, all older adults, whether they had normal or impaired hearing, performed worse than young adults with normal hearing. From Experiment 2, the benefits received for a difference in F0 between talkers of 6 semitones were equivalent to those received for an onset asynchrony of 300?ms between sentences and, for such conditions, the combination of both sound-segregation cues resulted in an additive benefit. PMID:22978898

Hee Lee, Jae; Humes, Larry E.

2012-01-01

98

Social Identity and Preferences*  

PubMed Central

Social identities prescribe behaviors for people. We identify the marginal behavioral effect of these norms on discount rates and risk aversion by measuring how laboratory subjects’ choices change when an aspect of social identity is made salient. When we make ethnic identity salient to Asian-American subjects, they make more patient choices. When we make racial identity salient to black subjects, non-immigrant blacks (but not immigrant blacks) make more patient choices. Making gender identity salient has no effect on intertemporal or risk choices. PMID:20871741

Benjamin, Daniel J.; Choi, James J.; Strickland, A. Joshua

2009-01-01

99

Exploring Medical Identity Theft  

PubMed Central

The crime of medical identity theft is a growing concern in healthcare institutions. A mixed-method study design including a two-stage electronic survey, telephone survey follow-up, and on-site observations was used to evaluate current practices in admitting and registration departments to reduce the occurrence of medical identity theft. Survey participants were chief compliance officers in acute healthcare organizations and members of the Health Care Compliance Association. Study results indicate variance in whether or how patient identity is confirmed in healthcare settings. The findings of this study suggest that information systems need to be designed for more efficient identity management. Admitting and registration staff must be trained, and compliance with medical identity theft policies and procedures must be monitored. Finally, biometric identity management solutions should be considered for stronger patient identification verification. PMID:20169017

Mancilla, Desla; Moczygemba, Jackie

2009-01-01

100

Reincarnation, Modernity and Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

A significant minority of Westerners believe in reincarnation, even though they do not belong to religions that teach it. What is the relationship of their belief to personal identity? In areas of the world where reincarnation is accepted, one can identify three forms of pre-natal and\\/or post-mortem identity: the continuing self\\/soul, the dissolution of the self, and family identity. Comparable

Tony Walter

2001-01-01

101

Theorizing Collective Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The essay rejects the idea that 'collective identity' and 'cultural identity' are necessarily the same. Its aim is to preserve\\u000a the usefulness of the former notion, by introducing 'the integrative circle of collective identity' as a terminological toolbox.\\u000a This diagrammatic formula may help us find a common terminological language with which to handle the multitude of concrete\\u000a variations on the

Zoltán Abádi-Nagy

2003-01-01

102

Discourse and Identity Construction  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a We describe and discuss discursive approaches emerging over the last 50 years that in one way or another have contributed\\u000a to identity studies. Approaching identities as constructed in and through discourse, we start by differentiating between two competing views of construction: one that moves progressively\\u000a from existing “capital-D” social discourses to the domain of identity and sense of self and

Michael Bamberg; Anna De Fina; Deborah Schiffrin

103

related identities UCSF medical center identity...................................................................................55  

E-print Network

­ major sub-brands: UCSF Medical Center and UCSF Children's Hospital. Sub-brands, due to considerations by the marketing director for the medical center. Please contact UCSF Public Affairs (info@pubaff.ucsf.edu), or UCSF Medical Center Marketing. UCSF medical center identity medical center logo (sub

Derisi, Joseph

104

related identities UCSF medical center identity...................................................................................55  

E-print Network

Center and UCSF Children's Hospital. Sub-brands, due to considerations of size, associated revenue by the marketing director for the medical center. Please contact UCSF Public Affairs (info@pubaff.ucsf.edu), or UCSF Medical Center Marketing. UCSF medical center identity medical center logo (sub

Derisi, Joseph

105

Education in Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While identity has long been a prominent focus of education, and religious education, in Europe and Britain, little explicit attention has been given to it in Australia, even though its importance as an educational goal is implied. This paper reports on a project concerned with "education in identity" which attempted to address this imbalance. A…

Rossiter, Graham

2007-01-01

106

Killing Spinor Identities  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have found generic Killing spinor identities which bosonic equations of motion have to satisfy in supersymmetric theories if the solutions admit Killing spinors. Those identities constrain possible quantum corrections to bosonic solutions with unbroken supersymmetries. As an application we show that purely electric static extreme dilaton black holes may acquire specific quantum corrections, but the purely magnetic ones cannot.

Renata Kallosh; Tomas Ortin

1993-01-01

107

Killing Spinor Identities  

E-print Network

We have found generic Killing spinor identities which bosonic equations of motion have to satisfy in supersymmetric theories if the solutions admit Killing spinors. Those identities constrain possible quantum corrections to bosonic solutions with unbroken supersymmetries. As an application we show that purely electric static extreme dilaton black holes may acquire specific quantum corrections, but the purely magnetic ones cannot.

Renata Kallosh; Tomas Ortin

1993-06-18

108

Institutionalizing Catholic Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The organizers of the conference on Renewing Mission and Identity in Business Education invited me to offer a description of the efforts made at the University of Dayton to institutionalize its Catholic identity. Until 2006, when I left Dayton to begin leading full-time the Institute for Advanced Catholic Studies at the University of Southern…

Heft, James L.

2012-01-01

109

Children's Social Identities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a brief overview of recent developmental research on themes related to children's social identities. Initially, consideration is given to the capacity for social categorization, following which attention is given to children's developing conceptions of social identities, their identification with social groups, and the…

Bennett, Mark

2011-01-01

110

Visual Identity and Branding  

E-print Network

identity is set by the consistent use of its flame logo (color, size, placement, and form). The ASSP flame to use the ASSP logo, please contact assp@spu.edu 3. ASSP Logo adaptations 3.1 Color The flame is orange flame with the word "ASSP" beneath it. 2. What is a visual identity/brand? 2.1 Definition: A company

Nelson, Tim

111

Personal identity postmortem  

E-print Network

, and resurrection of the body. I maintain that for each view, at least one theory of personal identity conflicts with that view and, therefore, cannot be consistently held with that view. I argue that a psychological-continuity theory of personal identity...

Schmutz, Catherine J

2012-06-07

112

Identity and Redistribution  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper models the interaction between individuals' identity choices and redistribution. Both redistributive polices and identity choices are endogenous, and there might be multiple equilibria. The model is applied to ethnicity and social class. In an equilibrium with high taxes, the poor identify as poor and favor high taxes. In an equilibrium with low taxes, at least some of the

Erik Lindqvist

2008-01-01

113

Identity and Redistribution  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper models the interaction between individuals' identity choices and redistribution. Both redistributive policies and identity choices are endogenous, and there might be multiple equilibria. The model is applied to ethnicity and social class. In an equilibrium with high taxes, the poor identify as poor and favor high taxes. In an equilibrium with low taxes, at least some of the

Erik Lindqvist; Robert Östling

2006-01-01

114

Professional Identity Development: A Review of the Higher Education Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the extant higher education literature on the development of professional identities. Through a systematic review approach 20 articles were identified that discussed in some way professional identity development in higher education journals. These articles drew on varied theories, pedagogies and learning strategies; however,…

Trede, Franziska; Macklin, Rob; Bridges, Donna

2012-01-01

115

Native American Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many issues and elements--including ethnic nomenclature, racial attitudes, and the legal and political status of American Indian nations and Indian people--influence Native American identity. (Contains 3 notes.)

Horse, Perry G.

2005-01-01

116

Identity Verifier Performance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is a transcript of a paper given at the Smart Card Applications and Technologies Conference, October 14, 1987. Identity verification techniques are identified and discussed, and statistical performance data is given. 20 figs. (ERA citation 14:...

R. Maxwell

1987-01-01

117

web identity application sectioneleven  

E-print Network

web identity application sectioneleven 99 contents elements of webpage design......................................................................... 100-101 web development and design considerations web banners is required for all official UCSF webpages. This banner includes a required link

Derisi, Joseph

118

Autoethnography: Inquiry into Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter provides guidelines and suggestions for assessing student development using autoethnography, a qualitative research method. Autoethnography guides students in examining the nexus between personal and professional identities, including skills, challenges, values, histories, and hopes for the future.

Hoppes, Steve

2014-01-01

119

Gender Identity Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Gender features strongly in most societies and is a significant aspect of self-definition for most people. Following a brief\\u000a description of views on gender identity from the perspectives of humanistic social science, sociology, and psychology, this\\u000a chapter provides an analysis of gender identity development from the perspective of social cognitive theory. Social cognitive\\u000a theory describes how gender conceptions are developed

Kay Bussey

120

Identity and Illness  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Over the last several decades, sociological interest in and research on the relationship between illness and identity has\\u000a flourished. Unlike disease, which refers primarily to physical pathology, illness generally refers to lived experience (Kleinman\\u000a et al. 1978). The foci of this research have been two-fold: an examination of the public self (an individual’s identity as\\u000a perceived by others) and the

Kathryn J. Lively; Carrie L. Smith

121

Federated Identity Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The more real business and interaction with public authorities is performed in digital form, the more important the handling\\u000a of identities over open networks becomes. The rise in identity theft as a result of the misuse of global but unprotected identifiers\\u000a like credit card numbers is one strong indicator of this. Setting up individual passwords between a person and every

Jan Camenisch; Birgit Pfitzmann

122

Credit and Identity Theft  

Microsoft Academic Search

The quintessential crime of the information age is identity theft, the malicious use of personal identifying data. In this paper we provide a model of “identity†and its use in credit transactions. In the environments we construct, various types of identity theft occur in equilibrium, including “new account fraud,†“existing account fraud,†and “friendly fraud.†In the model, the equilibrium

Charles M. Kahn; William Roberds

2006-01-01

123

The Non-Identity Problem  

E-print Network

Some actions are identity affecting, they affect who will exist in the future. Explaining how identity affecting actions can be wrong has been thought to pose a problem, the Non-Identity Problem. The problem is that an ...

Urbanek, Valentina Maria

2010-01-01

124

Reducing identity crime Reducing identity crime  

E-print Network

crime Contacting Surrey Police For non-emergency calls or to contact your local police officer call 0845 or goods in your name. Unfortunately it is often well after the event that a victim becomes aware of calls from landlines and mobiles may vary. Surrey Police does not profit from the provision

Royal Holloway, University of London

125

Dogs discriminate identical twins.  

PubMed

Earlier studies have shown variation among experimental attempts to establish whether human monozygotic twins that are genetically identical also have identical individual scents. In none of the cases were the dogs able to distinguish all the individual scents of monozygotic twins living in the same environment if the scents were presented to them separately. Ten specially trained police German Shepherd dogs of three Czech Republic Police Regional Headquarters were used for scent identification in our study. The dogs were supposed to match scents of two monozygotic pairs (5 and 7 years old) and two dizygotic twin pairs (8 and 13 years old). Scents were collected on cotton squares stored in glass jars. Dog handlers were blind to the experiment details. In each trial (line-up), one scent was used as a starting scent and the dog was then sent to determine if any of the 7 presented glass jars contained a matching scent. Scents of children of similar ages were used as distractors. In the matching procedure, the dogs matched correctly the scent of one twin with the other, as well as two scents collected from every single identical and non-identical twin to prove their efficacy and likewise, the presence of the matching twin scent in any given glass jar. All dogs in all trials distinguished correctly the scents of identical as well as non-identical twins. All dogs similarly matched positively two scents collected from the same individuals. Our findings indicated that specially trained German Shepherd dogs are able to distinguish individual scents of identical twins despite the fact that they live in the same environment, eat the same food and even if the scents are not presented to them simultaneously. PMID:21698282

Pinc, Ludvík; Bartoš, Lud?k; Reslová, Alice; Kotrba, Radim

2011-01-01

126

The Individual and Ethnic Identity: A Guide for Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide to teaching ethnicity from the ethnic individual's point of view is designed to accompany the student sourcebook, The Individual and Ethnic Identity (see SO 013 157). The sourcebook, suitable for secondary and higher education, contains quotations of 51 individuals from varying ethnic backgrounds and varying degrees of ethnicity. It…

Brownstein, Henry H.; And Others

127

Identity Boxing: A New Technique for Consistent Global Identity  

E-print Network

authority. This forces each grid system to provide a mapping from global to local identities, creatingIdentity Boxing: A New Technique for Consistent Global Identity Douglas Thain University of Notre. However, users are forced to employ a patchwork of local identities, each assigned by a different local

Thain, Douglas

128

Identity Theft Resource Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These days, persons who find themselves the victim of an identity theft have a number of resources they can draw on to deal with their predicament. In 1997, things were quite different, and at that time Linda Foley found herself victimized by this crime. Several years later, Linda founded the Identity Theft Resource Center, and since then the Center has been commended for its work by the Department of Justice and Senator Dianne Feinstein. From the Center’s homepage, visitors can access victim information guides, learn about recent (and some “classic”) consumer scams. A great deal of this information is tailored specifically for different audiences, such as law enforcement and children. One area that may be particularly helpful is the “In the Workplace” section. Here, visitors can learn how to avoid identity theft in the workplace, and also browse through a list of prevention tips.

129

Career Education and Identity Status.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to analyze the relationship between the availability of a comprehensive career education program and the development of ego identity by high school seniors. Marcia's continuum of identity development with its four stages (identity diffusion, foreclosure, moratorium, and identity achievement) was used in combination with…

Adelman, Stanley I.; Ciminillo, Lewis

130

Gay and Lesbian Identity Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper critically examines models of identity development from the perspective of social identity theory. It is argued that recent perspectives on homosexual identity development have focused upon psychological processes of the individual and that a shift toward a more social psychological perspective is required. Extant models of homosexual identity development and associated relevant evidence are described, and criticisms of

Stephen Cox; Cynthia Gallois

1996-01-01

131

Identities for generalized hypergeometric coefficients  

SciTech Connect

Generalizations of hypergeometric functions to arbitrarily many symmetric variables are discussed, along with their associated hypergeometric coefficients, and the setting within which these generalizations arose. Identities generalizing the Euler identity for {sub 2}F{sub 1}, the Saalschuetz identity, and two generalizations of the {sub 4}F{sub 3} Bailey identity, among others, are given. 16 refs.

Biedenharn, L.C.; Louck, J.D.

1991-01-01

132

Beyond gender identity?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on the continuing significance of gender identity as a category of analysis within the field of gender theory and research in education. I begin by considering contemporary discussions of the limitations of research relating to gender theory and research in education. Following on from this, I explore some contemporary theorising on the category of gender within educational

Mary Lou Rasmussen

2009-01-01

133

Gendered Avatar Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gendered appearance in "World of Warcraft" is of particular interest because it seems to infiltrate interactions between individuals without serving a functional purpose within the game itself. It provides an opportunity to look at avatar choice in environments that have a primary purpose aside from existing as an arena for creating identity, and…

Woolums, Viola

2011-01-01

134

Language, Identity, and Exile  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The exilic mode of being, a living on boundary-lines, produces a constant relativization of one's home, one's culture, one's language, and one's self, through the acknowledgement of otherness. It is a homesickness without nostalgia, without the desire to return to the same, to be identical to oneself. The encounter with the other which produces a…

Erdinast-Vulcan, Daphna

2010-01-01

135

Disincentives, Identities, and Smoking.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When smoking decisions are understood in terms of the beliefs and attitudes which determine them, prevention programs can focus on changing these beliefs and attitudes. A study was conducted to measure students' attitudes and beliefs on the short-term health effects of smoking, on the social consequences of smoking, and on specific identities

Norman, Nancy M.

136

Adoption and Identity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses how adoption responds to ancient questions about origins. Maintains that one's identity hinges on actual relationships more than on pedigree and genes. Discusses reasons for informing a child about his or her adoption. Suggests that adoption is a constructive process involving too many worrisome warnings and anxiety-raising advice by the…

Lieberman, E. James

1998-01-01

137

The Music Identity Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses the intrapersonal aims of music education with specific emphasis on musical identity. For the author, the question "Who am I?" is ingrained, shaped, and experienced by the contexts, relationships, and activities in which people are most deeply invested. Thus, he believes that music education should have mechanisms…

Talbot, Brent C.

2013-01-01

138

Discourses of Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This lecture discusses the concept of lifestyle, which emerged in the field of marketing in the 1970s, as a new, and increasingly pervasive, discourse of identity cutting through older "demographic" discourses. Distributed by mediated experts and role models, and realized through the semiotics of "composites of connotation", it redraws the…

Van Leeuwen, Theo

2009-01-01

139

Racial Identity and Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate the sources of differences in school performance between students of different races by focusing on identity issues. We find that having a higher percentage of same-race friends has a positive effect of white teenagers’ test score while having a negative effect on blacks’ test scores. However, the higher the education level of a black teenager’s parent, the lower

Eleonora Patacchini; Yves Zenou

2006-01-01

140

Does identity matter?  

E-print Network

identity for its own sake), their underlying motivations do not play a role in the following analysis as we focus on the children and treat parental investments as given from their perspective. 2 atmosphere where Germany’s chancellor, Angela Merkel declared...

Koczan, Zs

2013-04-19

141

The Visual Identity Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identity is the focus of the middle-school visual arts program at Cambridge Friends School (CFS) in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Sixth graders enter the middle school and design a personal logo as their first major project in the art studio. The logo becomes a way for students to introduce themselves to their teachers and to represent who they are…

Tennant-Gadd, Laurie; Sansone, Kristina Lamour

2008-01-01

142

Identity under Construction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Motivated by the unprecedented peak in photoblogs' popularity, in this paper we attempt to come to grips with the consequences of photoblog use for young people's development of identity. In particular we studied the case of Fotolog, a popular photo sharing application in Chile. Our results suggest that Fotolog is an important constituent of adolescents' daily media consumption which is

Verónica Donoso; Wannes Ribbens

2010-01-01

143

Dress and Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Development of a theoretical framework for understanding linkages between identity and dress depends on careful selection and definition of terms and development of a broad, holistic view of Social Aspects of Dress. A comprehensive definition of dress includes both body modifications and supplements to the body. Properties of these modifications and supplements can be cross-classified with sensory responses they evoke.

Mary Ellen Roach-Higgins; Joanne B. Eicher

1992-01-01

144

The APL identity crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

When a non empty result is produced in the application of reduction to an empty array, the result is filled with the identity element of the function of reduction. This paper explores the fill elements to be used when the function of reduction is not a scalar function.

J. A. Brown; M. A. Jenkins

1981-01-01

145

Social Identity and Cooperation  

E-print Network

This study seeks to examine the effects of cooperation on social identity in group work. I posit that members of groups which are cooperative and therefore successful will be more likely to identify with the group, than members of those groups which...

Manago, Bianca N

2012-07-11

146

Story Telling: Crafting Identities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Career guidance clients are seeking to craft new identities that better position them in their careers. The focus of the present article is on narrative career counselling's potential contribution in providing a meaningful and useful experience for career guidance clients. To illustrate the potential of narrative career counselling, the story…

McMahon, Mary; Watson, Mark

2013-01-01

147

Vocational Identity Development: Its Relationship to Other Identity Domains and to Overall Identity Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines age-related trends in general ideological identity status and identity in the domains of vocation, religion, lifestyle, and politics during early adolescence and relationships between adolescent vocational identity and identities in the other domains. A cross-sectional study of 1,099 high school students in Grades 7 through 12 revealed a developmental progression in adolescent vocational identity characterized by an

Vladimir Skorikov; Fred W. Vondracek

1998-01-01

148

Why do trade costs vary?  

Microsoft Academic Search

As tariffs have fallen, it is apparent that trade costs are a significant obstacle to international trade and that they vary\\u000a from country to country. The gap between the cif and fob value of a trade flow is a useful measure of aggregate trade costs,\\u000a but only if the measure is based on a consistent volume of trade; mirror statistics

Richard Pomfret; Patricia Sourdin

2010-01-01

149

[Mythomania: an identity quest].  

PubMed

The romantic fictions of the mythomaniac are fascinating in the conviction they arouse in others and in the ambiguous connections their author keeps with reality. When behind his fables, Mr D. reveals a demand for love, it essentially represents a desperate search of identity realized through stories he successively tests with us. So, confronting him without any therapeutical support to the imaginary nature of his productions would just mean depriving him of any possible meaning. PMID:8085462

Goret, C

1993-01-01

150

Does Everyone Have a Musical Identity?: Reflections on "Musical Identities"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The book, "Musical Identities" (Raymond MacDonald, David Hargreaves, Dorothy Miell, eds.; Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2002) consists of 11 essays on the psychology of music. The editors divided the essays into two groups: those on developing musical identities ("identities in music" involving recognizable social and cultural…

Gracyk, Theodore

2004-01-01

151

High school identity climate and student identity development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research investigated whether schools characterized by high school students as being rich in identity promoting features contribute to student identity development. A theoretical model posited that student perceptions of teachers as caring role models and their school as cultivating the whole student will foster student exploration and confidence about future identity development. Hypothesized mediators of these effects were student

Yisrael Rich; Elli P. Schachter

152

Influence of National Sport Team Identity on National Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the research was to elaborate on the relationship between sport national team identity and national identity. The relationship has been documented anecdotally and in other areas of study, most notably in sport sociology (Bairner, 2001). There has been no research in sport management, however, addressing how national sport team identity may influence or contribute to the formation

Dusko Bogdanov

2011-01-01

153

John locke on personal identity.  

PubMed

John Locke speaks of personal identity and survival of consciousness after death. A criterion of personal identity through time is given. Such a criterion specifies, insofar as that is possible, the necessary and sufficient conditions for the survival of persons. John Locke holds that personal identity is a matter of psychological continuity. He considered personal identity (or the self) to be founded on consciousness (viz. memory), and not on the substance of either the soul or the body. PMID:21694978

Nimbalkar, Namita

2011-01-01

154

Online Identities and Social Networking  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Online identities play a critical role in the social web that is taking shape on the Internet. Despite many technical proposals\\u000a for creating and managing online identities, none has received widespread acceptance. Design and implementation of online\\u000a identities that are socially acceptable on the Internet remains an open problem. This chapter discusses the interplay between\\u000a online identities and social networking.

Muthucumaru Maheswaran; Bader Ali; Hatice Ozguven; Julien Lord

2010-01-01

155

Terrorism: An Identity Theory Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present article outlines the role of personal, social, and cultural identity in religiously and ethnically motivated terrorism. It is proposed that terrorism represents the confluence of a cultural identity strongly based in collectivism and in fundamentalist adherence to religious or cultural principles, a social identity based in sharp contrasts between one's own group and groups perceived as threats, and

Seth J. Schwartz; Curtis S. Dunkel; Alan S. Waterman

2009-01-01

156

Identity Development in Deaf Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We studied identity development during 5 years in seven deaf adolescents who attended a school for deaf children in the highest level of regular secondary education (age between 14 and 18 years), administering identity interviews every year. Identity development is conceptualized as the processes of exploration and commitment formation (Bosma,…

Kunnen, E. Saskia

2014-01-01

157

Citizenship, Diversity and National Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the issues of citizenship, diversity and national identity in the context of the introduction of citizenship education in the UK. It considers the historical context of national identity in the UK and notes that the "British national identity has historically implied diversity". It also analyses the views of British national…

Crick, Bernard

2008-01-01

158

2013 update Mission, Vision & Identity  

E-print Network

Mission Vision & Identity. 2013 update #12;2 Mission, Vision & Identity Vice. Economic crisis, environmental challenge, the possibilities of new technologies, questions about society, Vision and Identity explains who we are, what values we have and our ideas about where we are going

Martin, Stephen John

159

Footscray, Identity and Football History  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reflects on the problem of identity as confronted in writing a history of the Footscray Football Club. Club stalwarts assume that the written club history will mirror their own personal identity with the club. Clearly, no written history can satisfactorily capture this personal sense of identity with a clubís fortunes. Nor ought that be the driving force in

Chris McConville

160

Pilipino American Identity Development Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the identity development of F/Pilipino Americans. Because of a distinct history and culture that differentiates them from other Asian groups, F/Pilipino Americans may experience a different ethnic identity development than other Asian Americans. A nonlinear 6-stage ethnic identity development model is proposed to promote…

Nadal, Kevin L.

2004-01-01

161

Online Identities and Social Networking  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Online identities play a critical role in the social web that is taking shape on the Internet. Despite many technical proposals for creating and managing online identities, none has received widespread acceptance. Design and implementation of online identities that are socially acceptable on the Internet remains an open problem. This chapter discusses the interplay between online identities and social networking. Online social networks (OSNs) are growing at a rapid pace and has millions of members in them. While the recent trend is to create explicit OSNs such as Facebook and MySpace, we also have implicit OSNs such as interaction graphs created by email and instant messaging services. Explicit OSNs allow users to create profiles and use them to project their identities on the web. There are many interesting identity related issues in the context of social networking including how OSNs help and hinder the definition of online identities.

Maheswaran, Muthucumaru; Ali, Bader; Ozguven, Hatice; Lord, Julien

162

Identities of bilinear mappings and graded polynomial identities of matrices  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe the polynomial identities of the bilinear mappings V?W?K and Vr?Vr??Mr(K), where V, W, Vr are finite dimensional vector spaces over a field K of characteristic 0, dimVr=r and Mr(K) is the r×r matrix algebra. We show that these identities follow from the commutativity of the values in K of the bilinear forms V?W?K and Vr??Vr?K and Capelli identities.

Yu. A. Bahturin; V. Drensky

2003-01-01

163

47 CFR 2.908 - Identical defined.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Identical defined. 2.908 Section 2.908...Procedures General Provisions § 2.908 Identical defined. As used in this subpart, the term identical means identical within the...

2010-10-01

164

International Perspectives on Identity Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this special issue of the Child and Youth Care Forum is to showcase alternative perspectives and\\/or experiences in regard to identity development in other countries around the\\u000a world. From each of the studies in this special issue we see that there are a number of different ways to study and understand\\u000a identity development By examining identity development

Steven L. Berman

2011-01-01

165

An Identity and Certificate Manager  

E-print Network

We have designed and implemented a software library, called Identity and Certificate Manager (ICM), for managing, using, and exchanging application-level usernames, users' digital certificates, and cryptographic ...

Wu, Brian C

2007-01-01

166

web identity standards introduction .............................................................................................................87  

E-print Network

web identity standards sectionten 86 contents introduction............................................................................................................... 89-90 tagline and the web .................................................................................................91 tagline and the web: improper use

Mullins, Dyche

167

Is Gender like Ethnicity? The Political Representation of Identity Groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some 50 countries officially allocate access to political power by gender, ethnicity, or both. Yet in the world's electoral democracies, the policies used for women differ systematically from those used for ethnic groups. The former receive candidate quotas in parties; the latter, reserved seats in legislatures. Why? My explanation focuses on the varying ways that gender and ethnic identities intersect

Mala Htun

2004-01-01

168

Self-Expression and Identity: Women in Capoeira in Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

An infusion of dance, martial arts and acrobatics, Capoeira varies in practice from region to region and with each individual capoeirista in Brazil. I will be traveling to Rio de Janeiro, Goiania, and Salvador, in order to research the ways in which female Brazilian capoeiristas express and identity themselves through the Afro-Brazilian art of Capoeira, given that it is a

Aimee Green

2002-01-01

169

Ecstasy use among college undergraduates: gender, race and sexual identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined a random sample (N = 3606) of undergraduates at one large midwestern university and explored correlates of ecstasy use and how use varied by gender, race, and sexual identity. Approximately 10% of the sample used ecstasy in their lifetime; 7% had used within the past year and 3% within the past month. Ecstasy was the second most likely

Carol J. Boyd; Sean Esteban McCabe; Hannah d'Arcy

2003-01-01

170

Men as Victims: "Victim" Identities, Gay Identities, and Masculinities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact and meanings of homophobic violence on gay men's identities are explored with a particular focus on their identities as men and as gay men. Homosexuality can pose a challenge to conventional masculinities, and for some gay men, being victimized on account of sexual orientation reawakens conflicts about their masculinity that they…

Dunn, Peter

2012-01-01

171

Threading "Stitches" to Approach Gender Identity, Sexual Identity, and Difference  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As LGBTQI (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer/questioning, and intersex) issues become increasingly integrated into multicultural education discourses, we as educators need to examine the implications of our pedagogies for teaching about gender and sexual identities. This article explores my teaching of non-conforming gender identities in…

North, Connie E.

2010-01-01

172

High School Identity Climate and Student Identity Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research investigated whether schools characterized by high school students as being rich in identity promoting features contribute to student identity development. A theoretical model posited that student perceptions of teachers as caring role models and their school as cultivating the whole student will foster student exploration and…

Rich, Yisrael; Schachter, Elli P.

2012-01-01

173

Social Identity Change: Shifts in Social Identity during Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the proposition that adolescence involves significant shifts in social identity as a function of changes in social context and cognitive style. Using an experimental design, we primed either peer or gender identity with a sample of 380 early- (12-13 years), mid- (15-16 years), and late-adolescents (18-20 years) and then…

Tanti, Chris; Stukas, Arthur A.; Halloran, Michael J.; Foddy, Margaret

2011-01-01

174

Narrating and Performing Identity: Literacy Specialists' Writing Identities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, we explored ways that four literacy specialists who worked in three schools that were part of one state's Reading Excellence Act (REA) grant constructed their identities as writers and as teachers of writing. We also explored how they negotiated the performance of those identities in different contexts over a two-year period.…

McKinney, Marilyn; Giorgis, Cyndi

2009-01-01

175

Comparing psychological and sociological approaches to identity: identity status, identity capital, and the individualization process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Psychologists have been studying identity processes at the intrapsychic level that resemble what sociologists have noted at the macro-societal level. Specifically, using the identity capital model introduced in previous issues of this journal (Côté, Journal of Adolescence, 19, 419–430; 20, 421–437), we explore a link between the psychologically oriented identity status paradigm, and the sociologically oriented individualization theory. The primary

JAMES E. CÔTÉ; SETH J. SCHWARTZ

2002-01-01

176

Exploring Our Complex Math Identities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors discuss some of the dispositions that comprise students' (and teachers') relationships with mathematics--what they call a "mathematical identity." They define "mathematical identity" as an individual's "relationship" with mathematics. They present three reflective tasks that can be used with math students at all levels…

Leatham, Keith R.; Hill, Diane S.

2010-01-01

177

Palestinian Children Crafting National Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the formulation of national identity in Palestinian children by exploring their understanding of its paradoxes. Twelve Palestinian children were interviewed from cities, villages and refugee camps in the West Bank. The children express the multiple dimensions of national identity in terms of "self" and "other"; however these…

Habashi, Janette

2008-01-01

178

Developing identities in music education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The notion of ‘musical identities’ may help us to understand the origins of the ‘problem of secondary school music’, which seems to be particularly acute in the English secondary school. Pupils' musical identities are strongly bound up with the importance of pop music outside school, and the distinction between ‘music in school’ and ‘music outside school’ may be very significant

David J. Hargreaves; Nigel A. Marshall

2003-01-01

179

European Identity: Diversity in Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the dynamics of identity within the European Union. The authors describe the necessary preconditions for the development of European Identity; including the value of freedom, equal rights and a re-conceptualization of the concept of solidarity in the context of citizenship. Highlighted are how debates about immigrant rights, the rise of neo-racist movements, and the role of political

Rik Pinxten; Marijke Cornelis; Robert A. Rubinstein

2007-01-01

180

How geography shapes National Identities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Geography is an intrinsic part of national identities, and the contributions to this journal have reflected this throughout its existence. In this essay, we discuss how geography has shaped National Identities in particular ways. Several of the journal's articles have examined how would-be nationalists form a geographical image of the prospective nation in order to make it real or how

David H. Kaplan; Guntram H. Herb

2011-01-01

181

Fibonacci Identities, Matrices, and Graphs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

General strategies used to help discover, prove, and generalize identities for Fibonacci numbers are described along with some properties about the determinants of square matrices. A matrix proof for identity (2) that has received immense attention from many branches of mathematics, like linear algebra, dynamical systems, graph theory and others…

Huang, Danrun

2005-01-01

182

Identical Bids and Cartel Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite wide acceptance of the view that identical bids suggest the presence of a cartel agreement, there has been little analysis of the role that such bids would play. When this matter is examined, we find that except in certain extreme circumstances, identical bid arrangements are unlikely to be maintained among colluding firms where their number in an industry is

William S. Comanor; Mark A. Schankerman

1976-01-01

183

SOCIAL MEDIA VISUAL IDENTITY GUIDELINES  

E-print Network

SOCIAL MEDIA VISUAL IDENTITY GUIDELINES VERSION 1.0 Last updated by Web Strategies on 17 March 2011. Contact: Web Strategies, webadmin@ohsu.edu #12;2 OHSU UNIfIED SITE SOCIAL MEDIA VISUAL IDENTITY GUIDELINES guidelines for the use of social media (SoMe) on all web sites that fall within the OHSU.edu domain

Chapman, Michael S.

184

AFRICAN AMERICAN IDENTITY COURSE SYLLABUS  

E-print Network

AFRICAN AMERICAN IDENTITY COURSE SYLLABUS Fall 2009 COURSE INFORMATION a. Course Number: AAS 372- American Culture, New York, BasicCivitas Books, 2002 McWhorter, John, Authentically Black: Essays and illuminate the multifaceted nature and development of African American group and individual identity. Using

Vonessen, Nikolaus

185

SOCIAL MEDIA VISUAL IDENTITY GUIDELINES  

E-print Network

SOCIAL MEDIA VISUAL IDENTITY GUIDELINES VERSION 1.2 Last updated by Web Strategies on 08 July 2011. Contact: Web Strategies, webadmin@ohsu.edu #12;2 OHSU UNIfIED SITE SOCIAL MEDIA VISUAL IDENTITY GUIDELINES guidelines for the use of social media (SoMe) on all web sites that fall within the OHSU.edu domain

Chapman, Michael S.

186

Teacher Investment in Learner Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From a sociocultural perspective, teacher identity is constructed in relation to others, including other teachers and students. Drawing on positioning theory and the concept of investment, this study analyzed the case of a secondary English teacher who negotiated his teacher identity in relation to English language learners (ELLs). Findings…

Reeves, Jenelle

2009-01-01

187

Threatened identities and interethnic interactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter adopts a social identity threat perspective to examine dynamics of interethnic interactions. We first review relevant literature regarding the conditions under which both White and ethnic minority individuals are likely to experience social identity threat within the specific context of interethnic interactions. We focus on the threat of being perceived as stereotypical of one's ethnic group, considering situation-

J. Nicole Shelton; Jennifer A. Richeson; Jacquie D. Vorauer

2006-01-01

188

Explanatory Identities and Conceptual Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although mind-brain identity remains controversial, many other identities of ordinary things with scientific ones are well established. For example, air is a mixture of gases, water is H[subscript 2]O, and fire is rapid oxidation. This paper examines the history of 15 important identifications: air, blood, cloud, earth, electricity, fire, gold,…

Thagard, Paul

2014-01-01

189

Body Integrity Identity Disorder  

PubMed Central

Introduction Body Integrity Identity Disorder (BIID) is a rare, infrequently studied and highly secretive condition in which there is a mismatch between the mental body image and the physical body. Subjects suffering from BIID have an intense desire to amputate a major limb or severe the spinal cord in order to become paralyzed. Aim of the study is to broaden the knowledge of BIID amongst medical professionals, by describing all who deal with BIID. Methods Somatic, psychiatric and BIID characteristic data were collected from 54 BIID individuals using a detailed questionnaire. Subsequently, data of different subtypes of BIID (i.e. wish for amputation or paralyzation) were evaluated. Finally, disruption in work, social and family life due to BIID in subjects with and without amputation were compared. Results Based on the subjects' reports we found that BIID has an onset in early childhood. The main rationale given for their desire for body modification is to feel complete or to feel satisfied inside. Somatic and severe psychiatric co-morbidity is unusual, but depressive symptoms and mood disorders can be present, possibly secondary to the enormous distress BIID puts upon a person. Amputation and paralyzation variant do not differ in any clinical variable. Surgery is found helpful in all subjects who underwent amputation and those subjects score significantly lower on a disability scale than BIID subjects without body modification. Conclusions The amputation variant and paralyzation variant of BIID are to be considered as one of the same condition. Amputation of the healthy body part appears to result in remission of BIID and an impressive improvement of quality of life. Knowledge of and respect for the desires of BIID individuals are the first steps in providing care and may decrease the huge burden they experience. PMID:22514657

Blom, Rianne M.; Hennekam, Raoul C.; Denys, Damiaan

2012-01-01

190

The Concept of gender identity disorder in childhood and adolescence after 39 years  

Microsoft Academic Search

The term “gender role” appeared in print first in 1955. The term “gender identity” was used in a press release, November 21, 1966, to announce the new clinic for transsexuals at The Johns Hopkins Hospital. It was disseminated in the media worldwide, and soon entered the vernacular. The definitions of gender and gender identity vary on a doctrinal basis. In

John Money

1994-01-01

191

The Relationship between Processing Facial Identity and Emotional Expression in 8-Month-Old Infants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Experiment 1, it was investigated whether infants process facial identity and emotional expression independently or in conjunction with one another. Eight-month-old infants were habituated to two upright or two inverted faces varying in facial identity and emotional expression. Infants were tested with a habituation face, a switch face, and a…

Schwarzer, Gudrun; Jovanovic, Bianca

2010-01-01

192

Identity-Trajectories: Doctoral Journeys from Past to Present to Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite much research into doctoral education over the past two decades, theorising the field remains challenging. Recently, identity has been taken up as a conceptualising frame. Views of identity vary but often privilege the reproductive features of society, downplaying how individuals can be intentional in pursuing their desires--with the…

McAlpine, Lynn

2012-01-01

193

Ethnic Identity and Self-Esteem: Examining the Role of Social Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored ethnic identity and self-esteem among 1062 Mexican-origin adolescents who were attending one of three schools, which varied in their ethnic composition (i.e., predominately Latino, predominately non-Latino, and balanced Latino/non-Latino). Significant relationships emerged between ethnic identity and self-esteem among…

Umana-Taylor, Adriana, J.

2004-01-01

194

Place Identity and Sport Tourism: The Case of the Heritage Classic Ice Hockey Event  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sport is an important factor in the construction of place identity. This is particularly evident in the case of nostalgia based sport events that have been consciously developed in an attempt to influence destination image. It is unclear, however, just how much influence attraction planners have on identity in the face of varying media interpretations. This paper examines the way

Greg Ramshaw; Tom Hinch

2006-01-01

195

Differentiating identity theft: An exploratory study of victims using a national victimization survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the widespread attention given to identity theft, there is much confusion on how best to define and measure it. Recent attempts to measure its extent through victimization surveys or law enforcement files have varied considerably in the types of crimes included as identity theft. Some studies include credit card fraud, while others exclude it. This inconsistency in data collection

Heith Copes; Kent R. Kerley; Rodney Huff; John Kane

2010-01-01

196

Coming to an Asexual Identity: Negotiating Identity, Negotiating Desire  

PubMed Central

Sexuality is generally considered an important aspect of self-hood. Therefore, individuals who do not experience sexual attraction, and embrace an asexual identity are in a unique position to inform the social construction of sexuality. This study explores the experiences of asexual individuals utilizing open ended Internet survey data from 102 self-identified asexual people. In this paper I describe several distinct aspects of asexual identities: the meanings of sexual, and therefore, asexual behaviors, essentialist characterizations of asexuality, and lastly, interest in romance as a distinct dimension of sexuality. These findings have implications not only for asexual identities, but also for the connections of asexuality with other marginalized sexualities. PMID:20593009

Scherrer, Kristin S.

2010-01-01

197

Feminist identity development: Psychometric analyses of two feminist identity scales  

Microsoft Academic Search

N. E. Downing and K. L. Roush [(1985) “From Passive Acceptance to Active Commitment: A Model of Feminist Identity Development,”The Counseling Psychologist, Vol. 13, pp. 695–709] proposed a five-level developmental model of feminist identity that charts development from passive\\u000a acceptance of traditional gender roles toward active commitment to feminist ideals and an egalitarian society. A Bargad and\\u000a J. S. Hyde

Elena A. Gerstmann; Deirdre A. Kramer

1997-01-01

198

Extended Identity for Social Networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nowadays we are experiencing the consolidation of social networks (SN). Although there are trends trying to integrate SN platforms. they remain as data silos between each other. Information can't be exchanged between them. In some cases, it would be desirable to connect this scattered information, in order to build a distributed identity. This contribution proposes an architecture for distributed social networking. Based on distributed user-centric identity, our proposal extends it by attaching user information. It also bridges the gap between distributed identity and distributed publishing capabilities.

Tapiador, Antonio; Fumero, Antonio; Salvachúa, Joaquín

199

Reminders of a positively stereotyped identity when facing stereotype threat: Identity consistency and identity accessibility as mediating mechanisms  

E-print Network

this relationship. Undergraduate women were reminded of negative math performance stereotypes associated with their gender, positive math performance stereotypes associated with their college student identity, both identities, or neither identity. In Study 1, math...

Danaher, Kelly

2011-12-31

200

Edinburgh Research Explorer Cultural Identity  

E-print Network

Islamic religious identity there are different ways of `being Muslim'--in other words, a variety of variants: Sunni and Shia, and, within the latter, Sufis, each with their distinctive practices and texts

Millar, Andrew J.

201

The Logical Problem of Identity  

E-print Network

Abstract Keith A. Coleman Department of Philosophy, February 2008 University of Kansas A traditional problem concerning the meaning or logical content of statements of identity received its modern formulation in Gottlob ...

Coleman, Keith Alan

2008-07-31

202

The laterally varying ultrasonic velocity in the dentin of human teeth  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is no quantitative description available that numerically relates any acoustic parameter pattern or the local elastic behaviour to any standardized geometrical positions within human teeth. However, the speed of ultrasound at 20MHz varies in different parts of teeth. Great differences occur between the values attributed to longitudinal waves that propagate in the three mineralized human hard tissues at identical

Christoph John

2006-01-01

203

Identity verification by keystroke timing  

E-print Network

dynamic setting. Unlike most static identity verification systems in use today, a verifier based on dynamic keystroke characteristics can monitor an individual's identity as he is working, instead of only at login time. This is accomplished by using... an imposter [Brand and Makey 1985; Cole 1978; National Bureau of Standards 1977; Warfel 1984]. The identification of a valid user can be based on any of three things: 1) Something the user knows (eg. passwords) 2) Something the user has (eg. keys) 3...

Usnick, Mark C.

2012-06-07

204

Fibonacci Identities and Graph Colorings  

E-print Network

We generalize both the Fibonacci and Lucas numbers to the context of graph colorings, and prove some identities involving these numbers. As a corollary we obtain new proofs of some known identities involving Fibonacci numbers such as \\[F_{r+s+t} = F_{r+1}F_{s+1}F_{t+1} + F_r F_s F_t - F_{r-1}F_{s-1}F_{t-1}.\\

Christopher J. Hillar; Troels Windfeldt

2008-05-07

205

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR ESTABLISHING AN IDENTITY ECOSYSTEM GOVERNANCE  

E-print Network

for Establishing an Identity Ecosystem Governance Structure Foreword The Internet is one of the mostRECOMMENDATIONS FOR ESTABLISHING AN IDENTITY ECOSYSTEM GOVERNANCE STRUCTURE THE DEPARTMENT an Identity Ecosystem Governance Structure This page is intentionally left blank. #12;Recommendations

Perkins, Richard A.

206

7 CFR 52.771 - Identity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Red Tart Pitted Cherries 1 Identity and Grades § 52.771 Identity. Canned red tart pitted...defined in the standard of identity for canned cherries (21...packed in one of the liquid media specified in §...

2011-01-01

207

7 CFR 52.771 - Identity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Red Tart Pitted Cherries 1 Identity and Grades § 52.771 Identity. Canned red tart pitted...defined in the standard of identity for canned cherries (21...packed in one of the liquid media specified in §...

2010-01-01

208

Efficient Encoding and Rendering of Time-Varying Volume Data  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Visualization of time-varying volumetric data sets, which may be obtained from numerical simulations or sensing instruments, provides scientists insights into the detailed dynamics of the phenomenon under study. This paper describes a coherent solution based on quantization, coupled with octree and difference encoding for visualizing time-varying volumetric data. Quantization is used to attain voxel-level compression and may have a significant influence on the performance of the subsequent encoding and visualization steps. Octree encoding is used for spatial domain compression, and difference encoding for temporal domain compression. In essence, neighboring voxels may be fused into macro voxels if they have similar values, and subtrees at consecutive time steps may be merged if they are identical. The software rendering process is tailored according to the tree structures and the volume visualization process. With the tree representation, selective rendering may be performed very efficiently. Additionally, the I/O costs are reduced. With these combined savings, a higher level of user interactivity is achieved. We have studied a variety of time-varying volume datasets, performed encoding based on data statistics, and optimized the rendering calculations wherever possible. Preliminary tests on workstations have shown in many cases tremendous reduction by as high as 90% in both storage space and inter-frame delay.

Ma, Kwan-Liu; Smith, Diann; Shih, Ming-Yun; Shen, Han-Wei

1998-01-01

209

Varying electric charge in multiscale spacetimes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We derive the covariant equations of motion for Maxwell field theory and electrodynamics in multiscale spacetimes with weighted Laplacian. An effective spacetime-dependent electric charge of geometric origin naturally emerges from the theory, thus giving rise to a varying fine-structure constant. The theory is compared with other varying-coupling models, such as those with a varying electric charge or varying speed of light. The theory is also confronted with cosmological observations, which can place constraints on the characteristic scales in the multifractional measure. We note that the model considered here is fundamentally different from those previously proposed in the literature, either of the varying-e or varying-c persuasion.

Calcagni, Gianluca; Magueijo, João; Fernández, David Rodríguez

2014-01-01

210

The implicit identity effect: identity primes, group size, and helping.  

PubMed

Three studies consider the implicit bystander effect in the light of recent advances in social identity approaches to helping. Drawing on the social identity model of deindividuation effects we argue that the implicit bystander effect is shaped not by the number of others imagined, but by who those others are imagined to be. Studies 1 and 2 demonstrate that, when group membership is primed, increasing group size can facilitate helping in line with the norms and values of the group. Study 3 explores mediation processes in group level helping. As group size increases, female participants react faster to words associated with communalism when others are imagined as women rather than strangers. The paper demonstrates that group size and helping behaviour is qualified by an implicit identity effect. PMID:20122306

Levine, Mark; Cassidy, Clare; Jentzsch, Ines

2010-12-01

211

Neural responses to expression and gaze in the posterior superior temporal sulcus interact with facial identity.  

PubMed

Neural models of human face perception propose parallel pathways. One pathway (including posterior superior temporal sulcus, pSTS) is responsible for processing changeable aspects of faces such as gaze and expression, and the other pathway (including the fusiform face area, FFA) is responsible for relatively invariant aspects such as identity. However, to be socially meaningful, changes in expression and gaze must be tracked across an individual face. Our aim was to investigate how this is achieved. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, we found a region in pSTS that responded more to sequences of faces varying in gaze and expression in which the identity was constant compared with sequences in which the identity varied. To determine whether this preferential response to same identity faces was due to the processing of identity in the pSTS or was a result of interactions between pSTS and other regions thought to code face identity, we measured the functional connectivity between face-selective regions. We found increased functional connectivity between the pSTS and FFA when participants viewed same identity faces compared with different identity faces. Together, these results suggest that distinct neural pathways involved in expression and identity interact to process the changeable features of the face in a socially meaningful way. PMID:23172771

Baseler, Heidi A; Harris, Richard J; Young, Andrew W; Andrews, Timothy J

2014-03-01

212

Identical Particles in Quantum Mechanics  

E-print Network

If, in a system of identical particles, the one particle state is defined by the partial trace to one of the component spaces of the total Hilbert space, then all one particle states are identical. The particles are indistinguishable. This is often thought to be a typical quantum mechanical phenomenon. I will show however that an analogous procedure to define particle states exists in classical mechanics, which results in classical indistinguishable identical particles. From this analogy it follows that the indistinguishability of identical particles depends on how we define particle states. It is not an inevitable result of the symmetry postulate. Indeed, if particles are defined by partial traces, consistent use of the symmetry postulate leads to the conclusion that all identical particles in the universe are indistinguishable, so that particles can never be pointed at, not even in the classical limit. This does not correspond to the way the term particle is actually used in practice. I will argue that a particle should be defined in such a way that in the classical limit the quantum particle state becomes the state of a classical particle. This will lead us to a definition of particles which is in line with the way the term particle is actually used by physicists.

Andrea Lubberdink

2009-10-24

213

Homeless identities: enacted and ascribed.  

PubMed

Homelessness has been a perennial concern for sociologists. It is a confronting phenomenon that can challenge western notions of home, a discrete family unit and the ascetics and order of public space. To be without a home and to reside in public places illustrates both an intriguing way of living and some fundamental inadequacies in the functioning of society. Much homelessness research has had the consequence of isolating the 'homeless person' as distinct category or indeed type of individual. They are ascribed with homeless identities. The homeless identity is not simply presented as one dimensional and defining, but this imposed and ill-fitting identity is rarely informed by a close and long-term engagement with the individuals it is supposed to say something about. Drawing on a recent Australian ethnographic study with people literally without shelter, this article aims to contribute to understandings of people who are homeless by outlining some nuanced and diverse aspects of their identities. It argues that people can and do express agency in the way they enact elements of the self, and the experience of homelessness is simultaneously important and unimportant to understand this. Further, the article suggests that what is presumably known about the homeless identity is influenced by day-to-day lives that are on public display. PMID:21899522

Parsell, Cameron

2011-09-01

214

Racial(ized) Identity, Ethnic Identity, and Afrocentric Values: Conceptual and Methodological Challenges in Understanding African American Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of the literature reveals that there is conceptual confusion and inconsistent and sometimes inappropriate usage of the terms racial identity, ethnic identity, and Afrocentric values. This study explored the extent to which Black racial(ized) identity attitudes were related to ethnic identity and Afrocentric cultural values. Two hundred…

Cokley, Kevin O.

2005-01-01

215

Adaptive Extraction of Time-Varying Isosurfaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present an algorithm for adaptively extracting and render- ing isosurfaces from compressed time-varying volume datasets. Tetrahedral meshes defined by longest edge bisection are used to create a multiresolution representation of the volume in the spatial domain that is adapted over time to approximate the time- varying volume. The reextraction of the isosurface at each time step is accelerated with

Benjamin F. Gregorski; Joshua G. Senecal; Mark A. Duchaineau; Kenneth I. Joy

2004-01-01

216

Novel shock absorber features varying yield strengths  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A shock absorbent webbing of partially drawn synthetic strands is arranged in sections of varying density related to the varying mass of the human body. This is contoured to protect the body at points of contact, when subjected to large acceleration or deceleration forces.

Geier, D. J.

1964-01-01

217

Binding of Proteins to Copolymers of Varying  

E-print Network

Binding of Proteins to Copolymers of Varying Hydrophobicity Jeff Y. Gao* Paul L. Dubin Department 1998; accepted 12 August 1998 Abstract: Hydrophobic interactions between proteins and amphiphilic of varying hydrophobicity. Although binding between proteins and copolymers increases with increas- ing alkyl

Dubin, Paul D.

218

Book review Photosynthesis: Regulation under Varying Light  

E-print Network

Book review Photosynthesis: Regulation under Varying Light Regimes, by V.S. Rama Das. Science of the research in the area of regulation of photosynthesis under varying light regimes. As stated in the Preface, he has provided a frame- work, rather than an exhaustive description, of the field. His goal

Govindjee "Gov"

219

Social Trust of Virtual Identities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Most other chapters of this book discuss computational models of trust in broader terms, giving definitions of trust, explaining how trust should evolve over time, surveying the different facets of trust .On the other hand, this chapter has a clear focus on the important element of identity in computational trust mechanisms. Trust and reputation are easier to form in face-to-face situations than in situations involving the use of computers and networks because the identity of the trustee is more difficult to verify. In this chapter, the different means to recognise virtual identities are surveyed. Next, their integration into computational trust engines is discussed, especially according to four main requirements: Adaptability, Security, Usability and Privacy (ASUP).

Seigneur, Jean-Marc

220

Men as victims: "victim" identities, gay identities, and masculinities.  

PubMed

The impact and meanings of homophobic violence on gay men's identities are explored with a particular focus on their identities as men and as gay men. Homosexuality can pose a challenge to conventional masculinities, and for some gay men, being victimized on account of sexual orientation reawakens conflicts about their masculinity that they thought they had resolved. Being victimized can reinvoke shame that is rooted in failure or unwillingness to uphold masculine norms. For some gay men, victimization therefore has connotations of nonmasculinity that make being a victim an undesirable status, yet that status must be claimed to obtain a response from criminal justice or victim services. Men who experience homophobic abuse are helped by accepting a victim identity, but only if they can quickly move on from it by reconstructing a masculine gay (nonvictim) identity. This process can be facilitated by agencies such as the police and victim services, provided they help men exercise agency in "fighting back," that is, resisting further victimization and recovering. PMID:22610831

Dunn, Peter

2012-11-01

221

Split Identity: Intransitive Judgments of the Identity of Objects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identity is a transitive relation, according to all standard accounts. Necessarily, if "x = y" and "y = z," then "x = z." However, people sometimes say that two objects, "x" and "z," are the same as a third, "y," even when "x" and "z" have different properties (thus, "x = y" and "y = z," but "x is not equal to z"). In the present experiments,…

Rips, Lance J.

2011-01-01

222

Integrating Identities: Ethnic and Academic Identities among Diverse College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: Students of Color continue to be underrepresented at the undergraduate level. Recent research has demonstrated the importance of non-academic psychosocial factors for understanding college experiences. One factor, identity, is a broad, multidimensional construct that comprises numerous distinct domains, including political,…

Walker, Lovey H. M.; Syed, Moin

2013-01-01

223

Can Salience of Gender Identity Impair Math Performance among 7-8 Years Old Girls? The Moderating Role of Task Difficulty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Can the salience of gender identity affect the math performance of 7-8 year old girls? Third-grade girls and boys were required to solve arithmetical problems of varied difficulty. Prior to the test, one half of the participants had their gender identity activated. Results showed that activation of gender identity affected girls' performance but…

Neuville, Emmanuelle; Croizet, Jean-Claude

2007-01-01

224

Forming new national identities: a retrospective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ideas of national identity were formed under a modernist framework. But, increasingly, national identities exist and are recreated under new postmodern structures. These new identities stem from different dimensions of the social experience and are found at different scales. By and large, these postmodern identities reflect paradigmatic changes in human society, from political and economic changes to major technological

Igor Jelen

2011-01-01

225

Facial allograft transplantation, personal identity and subjectivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

An analysis of the identity issues involved in facial allograft transplantation is provided in this paper. The identity issues involved in organ transplantation in general, under both theoretical accounts of personal identity and subjective accounts provided by organ recipients, are examined. It is argued that the identity issues involved in facial allograft transplantation are similar to those involved in organ

J S Swindell

2007-01-01

226

New Directions in Identity Control Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Identity control theory has long posited that there are positive emotional consequences to identity verification and negative emotional consequences to the lack of identity verification (Burke, 1991). While some of the positive consequences of identity verification have been discussed (Burke and Stets, 1999; Cast and Burke, 2002), little work has been done to elaborate the va- riety of negative emotions

Jan E. Stets; Peter J. Burke

227

Identity Development in Adulthood: A Longitudinal Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Identity status interviews involving five domains of life (religious beliefs, political ideology, occupational career, intimate relationships, and lifestyle) were conducted with 249 women and men at ages 27 and 36. The results on overall identity and domain-specific identities confirmed our general hypothesis as to the strengthening of the commitment process: (1) stability was higher in the identity statuses involving commitment

Lea Pulkkinen; Katja Kokko

2000-01-01

228

A Dialogical Approach to Conceptualizing Teacher Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent attempts to address the notion of teacher identity, scholars have stressed how identity is dynamically evolving, intrinsically related to others, and consists of multiple identities. Though these postmodern characterizations represent radically new perceptions of identity, they are not extensively discussed in relation to previous…

Akkerman, Sanne F.; Meijer, Paulien C.

2011-01-01

229

6 Keys to Identity Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An Identity and Access Management (IAM) project on campus can feel like a Sisyphean task: Just when access rights have finally been sorted out, the semester ends--and users change roles, leave campus, or require new processes. IT departments face a constantly changing technical landscape: (1) integrating new applications and retiring old ones; (2)…

Shoham, Idan

2011-01-01

230

Feminist Identity among Latina Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores developing conceptions of feminism among Latina adolescents, their prevalence of feminist endorsement, and whether home environment and well-being are related to feminist identity. One hundred and forty Latina girls (Grades 9 to 12, M age = 15) wrote personal narratives of their understanding of feminism and whether they…

Manago, Adriana M.; Brown, Christia Spears; Leaper, Campbell

2009-01-01

231

Immigrant Identity in Teacher Preparation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, I report research on representations of immigrant identities in one university where teacher candidates matriculated in undergraduate and graduate degree programs. The case study occurred in a community where immigrants were highly visible. A content analysis of curriculum for teacher preparation provided a view of factors that…

Carter, Candice C.

2012-01-01

232

[Identity and narration: autobiographical quests].  

PubMed

This paper aims to tackle the subtle relation between autobiographical narratives and identity construction, from a non essentialist conception of identity. In a perspective that articulates philosophy of language, psychoanalysis, semiotics and literary critique, we posit the concept of biographical space as an analytical instrument to make a critical update of the reconfiguration of identities and subjectivities in contemporary culture, marked by the predominance of the biographical, the private and a kind of "public intimacy". This look is more symptomatic than descriptive: it intends to account for the rise of auto/biographical narratives and life-stories, from canonic genres to their multiple derivations in the media, social networks and the most diverse artistic practices, a phenomenon that seems to reaffirm the notion of narrative identities by Ricoeur. Our analysis here, from an ethic, aesthetic and political point of view, will focus on two visual arts experiences that have recently taken place for the first time in Buenos Aires: Christian Boltanski's and Tracey Emin's, solo exhibitions, each of them with a different biographical approach. PMID:24251298

Arfuch, Leonor

2013-01-01

233

Identities for the Fibonacci Powers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the generating functions, for any positive integers "n" and "k", identities are established and the explicit formula for a[subscript i](k) in terms of Fibonomial coefficients are presented. The corresponding results are extended to some other famous sequences including Lucas and Pell sequences.

Chen, Alex; Chen, Hongwei

2008-01-01

234

School COMSC Forensics, Trust & Identity  

E-print Network

processes in place to forensically deal with the incident. The aim of this module is to introduceSchool COMSC Forensics, Trust & Identity Every organization will eventually deal with cyber forensic techniques investigation using open-source forensics tools. Module Code CMT204 External Subject

Martin, Ralph R.

235

Feminist Identity Among Latina Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores developing conceptions of feminism among Latina adolescents, their prevalence of feminist endorsement, and whether home environment and well-being are related to feminist identity. One hundred and forty Latina girls (Grades 9 to 12, M age = 15) wrote personal narratives of their understanding of feminism and whether they consider themselves feminists. The major themes that emerged in

Adriana M. Manago; Christia Spears Brown; Campbell Leaper

2009-01-01

236

Developing Designer Identity through Reflection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As designers utilize design thinking while moving through a design space between problem and solution, they must rely on design intelligence, precedents, and intuition in order to arrive at meaningful and inventive outcomes. Thus, instructional designers must constantly re-conceptualize their own identities and what it means to be a designer.…

Tracey, Monica W.; Hutchinson, Alisa

2013-01-01

237

Eriksonian Identity Theory in Counterterrorism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Certain terrorists come from unexpected backgrounds. They give up comfortable lives and opportunities in order to wage jihad. Their existence has puzzled various theorists since they came to light. This article will explain how a theory of psychosocial identity formation created by Erik Erikson and his student James Marcia may explain this phenomenon. It will also explain how Erikson's theoretical

Cally OBrien

2010-01-01

238

Gender Identity Disorder in Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identity formation involves the development of self esteem, social skills, and a sense of self. Many gay and lesbian adults have noted that they were aware of their attraction to members of the same sex as early as five- and six-years-old. Reactions they received from parents and others often added to their stress. Following a description of the…

Redmond, Dionne; Flauto, Phil

239

Counselor Identity: Conformity or Distinction?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors explore 3 debates in other disciplines similar to counseling's identity debate in order to learn about common themes and outcomes. Conformity, distinction, and cohesion emerged as common themes. They conclude that counselors should retain their distinctive, humanistic approach rather than conforming to the dominant, medical approach.

McLaughlin, Jerry E.; Boettcher, Kathryn

2009-01-01

240

23 Globalization and Cultural Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is fair to say that the impact of globalization in the cultural sphere has, most generally, been viewed in a pessimistic light. Typically, it has been associated with the destruction of cultural identities, victims of the accelerating encroachment of a homogenized, westernized, consumer culture. This view, the constituency for which extends from (some) academics to anti-globalization activists (Shepard and

John Tomlinson

2003-01-01

241

Identity disturbance in distant patients.  

PubMed

Chronically distant, emotionally isolated patients often present with identity disturbance. Identity, it is argued, develops as a thematic pattern of narcissism, shaped by the nature of the mother's early libidinal influences on the child's sense of self. Identity provides a form of self-definition that addresses the question, Who am I? In the treatment of these patients, resistances to narcissistic vulnerabilities (narcissistic resistances) provide an illusory sense of security and induce the analyst to avoid attention to a central pathological problem: primitive and frightening needs for, and unconscious fantasies of, dependence on, and functionality for, another. Patients' avoidance of material and therapeutic interactions that deal with their dependencies are aspects of a tacit contract with the analyst to foreclose examination of their considerable problems with inner stability. Among these problems are anxieties regarding intrusion and loss of separateness. As analysis proceeds, elements of such a patient's identity become clarified and are used to understand and organize the material for both analyst and patient. This can allow the patient to articulate a more embodied and vital experience of individuality. A case is presented to illustrate the analysis of a patient using this approach. PMID:23526544

Hoffman, Irwin

2013-04-01

242

Music Education and Cultural Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Renewed interest in the relationship between music education and cultural identity draws its vigor from strongly divergent sources. Globalized education and globalized musical culture supply new paradigms for understanding the central tasks of music education and their responsibility to a multicultural ethic of diversity, hybridity and difference.…

Davis, Robert A.

2005-01-01

243

Cultural Identity in Tibetan Diasporas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tibetan civilisation is over two millenniums old and, today, its struggles in diaspora open up a new chapter in Tibetan history. Diasporic Tibetans (e.g. in India and the USA) have made tremendous efforts over the last few decades to maintain their way of life. We focus on cultural identity in the Tibetan diasporas, with special attention focused…

Giles, Howard; Dorjee, Tenzin

2005-01-01

244

Zero knowledge proofs of identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we extend the notion of zero knowledge proofs of membership (which reveal one bit of information) to zero knowledge proofs of knowledge (which reveal no information whatsoever). After formally defining this notion, we show its relevance to identification schemes, in which parties prove their identity by demonstrating their knowledge rather than by proving the validity of assertions.

U. Fiege; Amos Fiat; Adi Shamir

1987-01-01

245

Solar mass-varying neutrino oscillations  

E-print Network

We propose that the solar neutrino deficit may be due to oscillations of mass-varying neutrinos (MaVaNs). This scenario elucidates solar neutrino data beautifully while remaining comfortably compatible with atmospheric ...

Marfatia, Danny; Huber, P.; Barger, V.

2005-11-18

246

System Identification: Time Varying and Nonlinear Methods  

E-print Network

Novel methods of system identification are developed in this dissertation. First set of methods are designed to realize time varying linear dynamical system models from input-output experimental data. The preliminary results obtained in a recent...

Majji, Manoranjan

2010-07-14

247

Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Association of Hispanic Journalists tracks the presence of Latinos in the news. It reports that news stories in which Latinos are the subject most often concern immigration, poverty and crime. And Hollywood does no better in reflecting the broad reality of Latino life. Latino characters are often portrayed as poor and uneducated. In…

Ransom, Liz

2012-01-01

248

Two monozygotic (identical) twin pairs discordant for gender identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two pairs of monozygotic twins discordant for gender identity are described. The first set are 8-year-old males, one of whom enjoys doll play, cross-dressing, and taking the role of a female in fantasy games. His brother shows no feminine behavior, enjoys sports, and is more masculine in gestures and speech. The second set are 24-year-old females, one of whom wants

Richard Green; Robert J. Stoller

1971-01-01

249

Language and Gesture in Late Talkers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between language and symbolic gesture was studied in nine children (ages 18-32 months) who were in the lowest 10 percent for language production for their age. Subjects performed like language-matched controls on a lexical production task. On a syntax-related task, they performed like age-matched and significantly better than…

Thal, Donna; Bates, Elizabeth

1988-01-01

250

Language and gesture in late talkers.  

PubMed

The relationship between language and symbolic gesture was studied in a group of young children who were in the lowest 10% for language production for their age based on information obtained from language inventories filled out by their parents. On a single scheme imitation task, designed to be a gestural analog of lexical production, subjects performed like controls matched for language production. On a multischeme imitation task, designed to be a gestural analog of syntax, subjects performed like age-matched controls, and significantly better than language-matched controls. Potential reasons for this dissociation are discussed in the context of predictors of early language success or impairment. PMID:2451086

Thal, D; Bates, E

1988-03-01

251

The Relations among Feminist Identity Development, Gender-Role Orientation, and Psychological Well-Being in Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined relations between feminist identity development, gender-role orientation, and psychological well-being in 244 women of varying ages and backgrounds. As hypothesized, both feminist identity development and gender-role orientation contributed independently to the explanation of variance in psychological well-being.…

Saunders, Kendra J.; Kashubeck-West, Susan

2006-01-01

252

Microwave fidelity studies by varying antenna coupling  

E-print Network

The fidelity decay in a microwave billiard is considered, where the coupling to an attached antenna is varied. The resulting quantity, coupling fidelity, is experimentally studied for three different terminators of the varied antenna: a hard wall reflection, an open wall reflection, and a 50 Ohm load, corresponding to a totally open channel. The model description in terms of an effective Hamiltonian with a complex coupling constant is given. Quantitative agreement is found with the theory obtained from a modified VWZ approach [Verbaarschot et al, Phys. Rep. 129, 367 (1985)].

B. Köber; U. Kuhl; H. -J. Stöckmann; T. Gorin; D. V. Savin; T. H. Seligman

2010-06-17

253

Perception, experience and body identity.  

PubMed

Physician has to know the patient in the disease and not only the disease in the patient, from the dual perspective of the body as object and the body as subject. This also affects the patient who has to cope with the reality of having a body that bursts into the subject's consciousness as a vital threat, as source of discomfort and inability and being a body (Marcel). The human body in its dual aspect has been and is a great unknown, if not a great outrage in spite of the fact that we are our body and our body is each of us. We sometimes do not feel as we are and thus a confrontation arises, sometimes more normal, others more morbid. This forces the physician to face complex ethics considerations and the scientist to accept a personal identity disorder. Dualism considers that there are two substances in us, one that distinguishes us from other beings and from the rest of the individuals of the human species, the soul, the psychic life, mind or consciousness, and another more insubstancial one, the body. The aim of the first substance is to dominate the body, to survive it after death when it is, already a corpse is meant to become putrefied, is buried, incinerated or thrown to the depth of the sea. This dualism aims to explain the origin of the evil and the attitude to defeat it and it does so efficiently. This anthropology has very ancient roots (the Upvanishads, in the orphic texts, in Plato), it is the core of Gnostic thought and the foundation of the modern science since Descartes. Some monist perspectives are a masked dualism or a mereologic fallacy, according to which, the brain is conscious, when that what is conscious is the subject, although the subject, with the brain could not be conscious. Therefore, a new perspective is proposed, chiasmatic or janicular monism, that considers the adaptive value of focusing on the reality from two perspectives, as physical universe and the world of interpersonal relationships. In the agnosias and in the phantom limb there is a confrontation between the body object and the body subject that has made it possible to investigate how the perception of the own body is and how the brain generates the schema and the body image. The study of the body experience, from the phenomenology and the anthropological psychiatry perspective, has made it possible to go greater in-depth into the knowledge of the alterations of the experience of the own body in different mental diseases, especially in those in which a confrontation between the body and the personal identity arises makes it necessary to consider the process of individual identification and a category of personal identity disorders that would include body dysmorphic disorder, erythrophobia, anorexia nervosa, body integrity identity as well as the gender-type disorders (transsexualism, nonfetishistic transvestism, gender identity disorder during childhood). Key words: Dualism, Monism, Agnosia, Phantom limb, Cenesthesia, Body schema, Body image, Body experience, Personal identity disorders, Body dysmorphic disorder, Anorexia nervosa, Personal integrity identity disorder. PMID:22990877

López-Ibor, Juan J; Ortiz, Tomás; López-Ibor, María I

2011-12-01

254

7 CFR 782.14 - Identity preservation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Identity preservation. 782.14 Section 782.14 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of...Implementation of the End-Use Certificate Program § 782.14 Identity preservation. (a) The...

2010-01-01

255

Federated Identity Management David W Chadwick  

E-print Network

and is not a digital identity as it is too generic, but if we had a rule that stated that ginger haired people are granted a 10% discount at Ginger's hairdressing salon, then hair colour alone would be sufficient identity

Kent, University of

256

Solution to the Ward identities for superamplitudes  

E-print Network

Supersymmetry and R-symmetry Ward identities relate on-shell amplitudes in a supersymmetric field theory. We solve these Ward identities for N [superscript K] MHV amplitudes of the maximally supersymmetric =4 and =8 theories. ...

Elvang, Henriette

257

Identity-Based Internet Protocol Network.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Identity-Based Internet Protocol (IBIP) Network project is experimenting with a new enterprise oriented network architecture using standard IP version 6 protocol to encode user and host identity (ID) information into the IP address. Our motivation is ...

C. Growney, G. Nakamoto, J. Andresen, J. Ma R. Durst

2012-01-01

258

PANEL OF INDUSTRY EXPERTS IDENTITY & BRANDING  

E-print Network

PANEL OF INDUSTRY EXPERTS IDENTITY & BRANDING Linda Wolfe, Director, Careers Placement) CAREER CONNECTIONS FOR PROFESSIONALS "The Career Success Equation" Identity + Brand + Marketing + Sales message are you sending about yourself as a product? How can your skills and experiences solve

Saniie, Jafar

259

40 CFR 725.85 - Microorganism identity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Microorganism identity. 725.85 Section...REQUIREMENTS AND REVIEW PROCESSES FOR MICROORGANISMS Confidentiality and Public Access to Information § 725.85 Microorganism identity. (a)...

2010-07-01

260

40 CFR 725.85 - Microorganism identity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Microorganism identity. 725.85 Section...REQUIREMENTS AND REVIEW PROCESSES FOR MICROORGANISMS Confidentiality and Public Access to Information § 725.85 Microorganism identity. (a)...

2013-07-01

261

40 CFR 725.85 - Microorganism identity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Microorganism identity. 725.85 Section...REQUIREMENTS AND REVIEW PROCESSES FOR MICROORGANISMS Confidentiality and Public Access to Information § 725.85 Microorganism identity. (a)...

2011-07-01

262

40 CFR 725.85 - Microorganism identity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Microorganism identity. 725.85 Section...REQUIREMENTS AND REVIEW PROCESSES FOR MICROORGANISMS Confidentiality and Public Access to Information § 725.85 Microorganism identity. (a)...

2012-07-01

263

Young Adult Identities and Their Pathways: A Developmental and Life Course Model  

PubMed Central

Developmental and life course studies of young adult identities have focused on two dimensions, subjective age and psychosocial maturity. This study examines the developmental synchrony of these two processes. In a longitudinal sample of young adults from Add Health (18 to 22), a person-centered analysis of indicators of these dimensions identified four identity profiles. Two depict early and late patterns of identity; the others represent contrasting types of discordance, “pseudo-adult”, subjective age more advanced than maturation level and “anticipatory”, with subjective age less advanced than maturational level. The profiles vary by gender, socioeconomic status, and race-ethnicity as well as by adolescent (ages12–16) pubertal maturation, psychosocial adjustment, and family context. These results provide support for a more holistic, interdisciplinary understanding of adult identity, and show that young adult identities in the Add Health sample follow differentiated paths into the adult years, with largely unknown consequences for the subsequent life course. PMID:21668096

Benson, Janel E.; Elder, Glen H.

2013-01-01

264

Silos and Social Identity: The Social Identity Approach as a Framework for Understanding and Overcoming Divisions in Health Care  

PubMed Central

Context One of health care's foremost challenges is the achievement of integration and collaboration among the groups providing care. Yet this fundamentally group-related issue is typically discussed in terms of interpersonal relations or operational issues, not group processes. Methods We conducted a systematic search for literature offering a group-based analysis and examined it through the lens of the social identity approach (SIA). Founded in the insight that group memberships form an important part of the self-concept, the SIA encompasses five dimensions: social identity, social structure, identity content, strength of identification, and context. Findings Our search yielded 348 reports, 114 of which cited social identity. However, SIA-citing reports varied in both compatibility with the SIA's metatheoretical paradigm and applied relevance to health care; conversely, some non-SIA-citers offered SIA-congruent analyses. We analyzed the various combinations and interpretations of the five SIA dimensions, identifying ten major conceptual currents. Examining these in the light of the SIA yielded a cohesive, multifaceted picture of (inter)group relations in health care. Conclusions The SIA offers a coherent framework for integrating a diverse, far-flung literature on health care groups. Further research should take advantage of the full depth and complexity of the approach, remain sensitive to the unique features of the health care context, and devote particular attention to identity mobilization and context change as key drivers of system transformation. Our article concludes with a set of “guiding questions” to help health care leaders recognize the group dimension of organizational problems, identify mechanisms for change, and move forward by working with and through social identities, not against them. PMID:22709391

Kreindler, Sara A; Dowd, Damien A; Dana Star, Noah; Gottschalk, Tania

2012-01-01

265

Boiling Radial Flow in Fractures of Varying  

E-print Network

SGP-TR-166 Boiling Radial Flow in Fractures of Varying Wall Porosity Robb Allan Barnitt June 2000 and boiling convective heat transfer, with boiling flow in a rock fracture. A series of experiments observed. The experimental study involved boiling radial flow in a simulated fracture, bounded by a variety of materials

Stanford University

266

Response of Raft Foundation on Varying Stratum  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effect on raft foundation of a barrage due to varying stratum has been examined using finite element analysis. The raft foundation is completely resting on soil media and surrounded by soil and rock media. Eight noded brick elements have been used for three-dimensional modeling and meshing of the rock, soil, cut-off, pier, beam and abutment but raft foundation has

Kumar Venkatesh; N. K. Samadhiya; A. D. Pandey

2009-01-01

267

Black rings with varying charge density  

Microsoft Academic Search

We find the general five-dimensional, supersymmetric black ring solutions in M-theory based upon a circular ring, but with arbitrary, fluctuating charge distributions around the ring. The solutions have three arbitrary charge distribution functions, but their asymptotic charges and angular momenta only depend upon the total charges on the ring. The arbitrary density fluctuations thus represent ``hair.'' By varying the charge

Iosif Bena; Chih-Wei Wang; Nicholas P. Warner

2006-01-01

268

The Varied Uses of Readability Measurement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Readability formulas have varied uses. In education they are used to match children's reading ability to the difficulty level of material, select stories and books for classroom use and for individual students' particular needs, select textbooks and other reading materials, aid educational research, and check reading materials of newly literate…

Fry, Edward

269

Relaxation Assessment with Varied Structured Milieu (RELAX).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes Relaxation Assessment with Varied Structured Milieu (RELAX), a clinical program designed to assess the degree to which an individual is able to demonstrate self-control for overall general relaxation. The program is designed for use with the Cassel Biosensors biofeedback equipment. (JAC)

Cassel, Russell N.; Cassel, Susie L.

1983-01-01

270

A Roadmap for Personal Identity Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Digital identities and secure environments are a fundamental precondition for giving life to e-government, e-health, and e-commerce. Whereas corporations are spending huge amounts on harmonizing identity management, and still fail, the average customer\\/citizen is left alone drowning in dozens of digital identities. This paper presents a roadmap for personal identity management. It highlights shortcomings of existing solutions, identifies major research

Thomas Neubauer; Johannes Heurix

2010-01-01

271

Gendered Racial Identity of Black Young Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to understand the experience and identity development of Black adolescents and young women, it is important to understand\\u000a the intersection of race and gender, or gendered racial identity development. The study sought to unpack aspects of social\\u000a identity particularly gendered racial identity from the phenomenological perspective of participants. This study included\\u000a dyadic focus groups of 17 African American

Anita Jones Thomas; Jason Daniel Hacker; Denada Hoxha

2011-01-01

272

Threats to Feminist Identity and Reactions to Gender Discrimination.  

PubMed

The aim of this research was to examine conditions that modify feminists' support for women as targets of gender discrimination. In an experimental study we tested a hypothesis that threatened feminist identity will lead to greater differentiation between feminists and conservative women as victims of discrimination and, in turn, a decrease in support for non-feminist victims. The study was conducted among 96 young Polish female professionals and graduate students from Gender Studies programs in Warsaw who self-identified as feminists (M age ?=?22.23). Participants were presented with a case of workplace gender discrimination. Threat to feminist identity and worldview of the discrimination victim (feminist vs. conservative) were varied between research conditions. Results indicate that identity threat caused feminists to show conditional reactions to discrimination. Under identity threat, feminists perceived the situation as less discriminatory when the target held conservative views on gender relations than when the target was presented as feminist. This effect was not observed under conditions of no threat. Moreover, feminists showed an increase in compassion for the victim when she was portrayed as a feminist compared to when she was portrayed as conservative. Implications for the feminist movement are discussed. PMID:23606785

Cichocka, Aleksandra; Golec de Zavala, Agnieszka; Kofta, Mirek; Rozum, Joanna

2013-05-01

273

Clearing the air: identity safety moderates the effects of stereotype threat on women's leadership aspirations.  

PubMed

Exposing participants to gender-stereotypic TV commercials designed to elicit the female stereotype, the present research explored whether vulnerability to stereotype threat could persuade women to avoid leadership roles in favor of nonthreatening subordinate roles. Study 1 confirmed that exposure to the stereotypic commercials undermined women's aspirations on a subsequent leadership task. Study 2 established that varying the identity safety of the leadership task moderated whether activation of the female stereotype mediated the effect of the commercials on women's aspirations. Creating an identity-safe environment eliminated vulnerability to stereotype threat despite exposure to threatening situational cues that primed stigmatized social identities and their corresponding stereotypes. PMID:15841859

Davies, Paul G; Spencer, Steven J; Steele, Claude M

2005-02-01

274

The Wildcat Corpus of Native- and Foreign-Accented English: Communicative Efficiency across Conversational Dyads with Varying Language Alignment Profiles  

PubMed Central

This paper describes the development of the Wildcat Corpus of native- and foreign-accented English, a corpus containing scripted and spontaneous speech recordings from 24 native speakers of American English and 52 non-native speakers of English. The core element of this corpus is a set of spontaneous speech recordings, for which a new method of eliciting dialogue-based, laboratory-quality speech recordings was developed (the Diapix task). Dialogues between two native speakers of English, between two non-native speakers of English (with either shared or different L1s), and between one native and one non-native speaker of English are included and analyzed in terms of general measures of communicative efficiency. The overall finding was that pairs of native talkers were most efficient, followed by mixed native/non-native pairs and non-native pairs with shared L1. Non-native pairs with different L1s were least efficient. These results support the hypothesis that successful speech communication depends both on the alignment of talkers to the target language and on the alignment of talkers to one another in terms of native language background. PMID:21313992

Van Engen, Kristin J.; Baese-Berk, Melissa; Baker, Rachel E.; Choi, Arim; Kim, Midam; Bradlow, Ann R.

2012-01-01

275

Politicized Collective Identity: A Social Psychological Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article develops a social psychological model of politicized collective identity that revolves around 3 conceptual triads. The 1st triad consists of collective identity, the struggle between groups for power, and the wider societal context. It is proposed that people evince politicized collective identity to the extent that they engage as self-conscious group members in a power struggle on behalf

Bernd Simon; Bert Klandermans

2001-01-01

276

Retirees' Social Identity and Satisfaction with Retirement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the structure of retirees' social identity and its impact on satisfaction with retirement. From social identity theory formulations, we assumed that (1) retiree-identity was comprised of three distinct components (cognitive, evaluative, and affective), and (2) only the affective component would play a role…

Michinov, Estelle; Fouquereau, Evelyne; Fernandez, Anne

2008-01-01

277

Perspectives on Landscape Identity: A Conceptual Challenge  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept of landscape identity is often referred to in landscape policy and planning. A clear definition of the concept is lacking however. This is problematic because the term ‘landscape identity’ can have many different meanings and thus easily lead to confusion. We define landscape identity as ‘the perceived uniqueness of a place’ and endeavour to describe the content of

Derk Jan Stobbelaar; Bas Pedroli

2011-01-01

278

Dehistoricized Cultural Identity and Cultural Othering  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The assumption that each culture has its own distinctive identity has been generally accepted in the discussion of cultural identities. Quite often identity formation is not perceived as a dynamic and interactive ongoing process that engages other cultures and involves change in its responses to different challenges at different times. I will…

Weiguo, Qu

2013-01-01

279

American Indians' Construction of Cultural Identity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines how American Indians construct and describe their own cultural identities. In particular, it focuses on cultural group identity from the perspective of three American Indians living in an urban setting, and on the ways that cultural identity can be communicated and enacted. Two American Indian women and one American Indian man,…

Glatzmaier, Luann; Myers, Monique; Bordogna, Melissa A.

280

Career Identity among Community College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Career identity development is salient in adolescence and young adulthood, but little research has assessed career identity in populations other than four-year college students. Context should be considered when examining career identity, and to address this gap in the literature, the current study examined the extent to which parental support for…

Stringer, Kate J.; Kerpelman, Jennifer L.

2014-01-01

281

European identity: between modernity and postmodernity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this inquiry is to rethink the concept of European identity within the framework of the Declaration on European Identity and the Charter of European Identity. It will be argued that those documents employ the modernist notion of a centered, rational, stable, autonomous and unified self. However, this idea of the self leads to exclusion and essentialism. In

Sanja Ivic; Dragan D. Lakicevic

2011-01-01

282

Distinguishing identical twins by face recognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper measures the ability of face recognition algorithms to distinguish between identical twin siblings. The experimental dataset consists of images taken of 126 pairs of identical twins (252 people) collected on the same day and 24 pairs of identical twins (48 people) with images collected one year apart. In terms of both the number of paris of twins and

P. Jonathon Phillips; Patrick J. Flynn; Kevin W. Bowyer; Richard W. Vorder Bruegge; Patrick J. Grother; George W. Quinn; Matthew Pruitt

2011-01-01

283

Fibonacci Identities via the Determinant Sum Property  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We use the sum property for determinants of matrices to give a three-stage proof of an identity involving Fibonacci numbers. Cassini's and d'Ocagne's Fibonacci identities are obtained at the ends of stages one and two, respectively. Catalan's Fibonacci identity is also a special case.

Spivey, Michael

2006-01-01

284

Identity theft, computers and behavioral biometrics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increase of online services, such as eBanks, WebMails, in which users are verified by a username and password, is increasingly exploited by Identity Theft procedures. Identity Theft is a fraud, in which someone pretends to be someone else is order to steal money or get other benefits. To overcome the problem of Identity Theft an additional security layer is

Robert Moskovitch; Clint Feher; Arik Messerman; Niklas Kirschnick; Tarik Mustafic; Ahmet Ahmet Çamtepe; Bernhard Löhlein; Ulrich Heister; Sebastian Möller; Lior Rokach; Yuval Elovici

2009-01-01

285

A Narrative Approach to Bicultural Identity Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract ,This study examines bicultural identity integration and development among bicultural college students. Participants completed measures of bicultural identity integration (measuring concepts of bicultural distance and conflict), ethnic and U.S. identity, scales of well-being and wrote three biculturally significant memories. Narratives were coded for various themes; integralnarrative coding variables to our study goals were exploration, growth, emotional valence of narrative

Chloe M. Levenson

286

Developing a Leadership Identity: A Grounded Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This grounded theory study on developing a leadership identity revealed a 6-stage developmental process. The thirteen diverse students in this study described their leadership identity as moving from a leader-centric view to one that embraced leadership as a collaborative, relational process. Developing a leadership identity was connected to the…

Komives, Susan R.; Owen, Julie E; Longerbeam, Susan D.; Mainella, Felicia C.; Osteen, Laura

2005-01-01

287

American Identity in the USA: Youth Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

National identity, how one sees oneself as a member of a given nation, is an important form of social identity. Feelings toward one's country are a matter of both individual and collective concern. In an increasingly diverse world, the issue of identifying with a nation is complex and consequential for individual identity formation as well as…

Jahromi, Parissa

2011-01-01

288

The discursive negotiation of international student identities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research about identity has undergone a discursive turn in recent years, with a shift from conceptualising identity as an essentialistic, pre-existing construct that drives social interaction, to a more fluid and hybrid construct that is constituted through discourse. As a result, a number of recent studies investigating the construction of international student identities have supposedly adhered to this latter, postmodernist-inspired

Michael Haugh

2008-01-01

289

Developing a Leadership Identity: A Grounded Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

This grounded theory study on developing a leadership identity revealed a 6-stage develop- mental process. The thirteen diverse students in this study described their leadership identity as moving from a leader-centric view to one that embraced leadership as a collaborative, relational process. Developing a leadership identity was connected to the categories of developmental influences, developing self, group influences, students' changing

Susan R. Komives; Julie E. Owen; Susan D. Longerbeam; Felicia C. Mainella; Laura Osteen

2005-01-01

290

LESBIAN, GAY, BISEXUAL, TRANSGENDER AND QUEER IDENTITIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Description: From the Supreme Court to reality television, the visibility of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer identities has drawn increased attention to the relationship of queer sexualities to national identity. In this course, we will examine the production of non-normative sexual identities in the United States as they intersect with important social markers such as race, class, gender, and

Meredith Raimondo

2005-01-01

291

Intelligent hybrid approach to false identity detection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Combating identity fraud is prominent and urgent since false identity has become the common denominator of all serious crime. Among many identified identity attributes, personal names are commonly falsified or aliased by most criminals and terrorists. Typical approaches to such name disambiguation rely on the text-based similarity measures, which are efficient to some extent, but severely fail to handle highly

Tossapon Boongoen; Qiang Shen

2009-01-01

292

Gender Identity and Adjustment in Middle Childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article has two purposes. The first is to present a brief (and speculative) account of the developmental origins of the several components of gender identity featured in the multidimensional model of gender identity proposed by Egan and Perry (2001). The second is to offer additional empirical support for the construct and discriminant validity of the various gender identity dimensions.

Priscilla R. Carver; Jennifer L. Yunger; David G. Perry

2003-01-01

293

Career transitions and identity: a discursive psychological approach to exploring athlete identity in retirement and the transition back into elite sport  

Microsoft Academic Search

Athletes' career transitions have received widespread research attention and have been identified as potentially distressing for athletes. Yet, the transition back into elite sport following retirement, although rare, has not been a focus of research attention. The concept of athlete identity has been widely researched within sport psychology to give insight into the varied experiences of athletes, especially in relation

Suzanne Cosh; Amanda LeCouteur; Shona Crabb; Lisa Kettler

2012-01-01

294

Practicing Identity: A Crafty Ideal?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper focuses on the materialization of technological practices as a form of identity expression. Contextual analyses of a Mycenaean workshop area in the Late Bronze Age citadel of Tiryns (Argolis, Greece) are presented to investigate the interaction of different artisans under changing socio-political and economic circumstances. The case study indicates that although certain technological practices are often linked to specific crafts, they do not necessarily imply the separation of job tasks related to the working of one specific material versus another. Shared technological practices and activities, therefore, may be a factor in shaping cohesive group identities of specialized artisans. Since tracing artisans' identities is easier said than done on the basis of excavated materials alone, we employ the concepts of multiple chaînes opératoires combined with cross-craft interactions as a methodology in order to retrieve distinctive sets of both social and technological practices from the archaeological remains. These methodological concepts are not restricted to a specific set of steps in the production cycle, but ideally encompass reconstructing contexts of extraction, manufacture, distribution and discard/reuse for a range of artefacts. Therefore, these concepts reveal both technological practices, and, by contextualising these technological practices in their spatial layout, equally focus on social contacts that would have taken place during any of these actions. Our detailed contextual study demonstrates that the material remains when analysed in their entirety are complementary to textual evidence. In this case study they even form a source of information on palatial spheres of life about which the fragmentary Linear B texts, so far, remain silent.

Brysbaert, A.; Vetters, M.

295

Migration, distress and cultural identity.  

PubMed

When people migrate from one nation or culture to another they carry their knowledge and expressions of distress with them. On settling down in the new culture, their cultural identity is likely to change and that encourages a degree of belonging; they also attempt to settle down by either assimilation or biculturalism. In this paper, various hypotheses explaining the act of migration and its relationship with mental distress are described. A new hypothesis is proposed suggesting that when sociocentric individuals from sociocentric cultures migrate to egocentric societies they may feel more alienated. In order to assess and manage migrants, the clinicians need to be aware of the pathways into migration. PMID:15226202

Bhugra, Dinesh

2004-01-01

296

Phenotypic Bias and Ethnic Identity in Filipino Americans*  

PubMed Central

Objective Links between phenotypes (skin tone, physical features) and a range of outcomes (income, physical health, psychological distress) were examined. Ethnic identity was examined as a protective moderator of phenotypic bias. Method Data were from a community sample of 2,092 Filipino adults in San Francisco and Honolulu. Results After controlling for age, nativity, marital status, and education, darker skin was associated with lower income and lower physical health for females and males. For females, more ethnic features were associated with lower income. For males, darker skin was related to lower psychological distress. One interaction was found such that females with more ethnic features exhibited lower distress; however, ethnic identity moderated distress levels of those with less ethnic features. Conclusions Phenotypic bias appears prevalent in Filipino Americans though specific effects vary by gender and skin color versus physical features. Discussion centers on the social importance of appearance and potential strengths gained from ethnic identification. PMID:20107617

Kiang, Lisa; Takeuchi, David T.

2009-01-01

297

Ambivalent Urban, Immigrant Identities: The Incompleteness of Lao American Student Identities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author elucidates the identity work of Lao American urban, immigrant students, highlighting ambivalent identities that do not fit into notions of bicultural or binary identities. It examines the various discourses and practices that inform and shape the experiences and identities of urban, Lao American high school students. It…

Ngo, Bic

2009-01-01

298

Racial Identity Attitudes and Ego Identity Statuses in Dominican and Puerto Rican College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the relation between racial identity attitudes and ego identity statuses in 94 Dominican and Puerto Rican Latino college students in an urban public college setting. Simultaneous regression analyses were conducted to test the relation between racial identity attitudes and ego identity statuses, and findings indicated that…

Sanchez, Delida

2013-01-01

299

Sense of identity in Alzheimer's Disease Sense of identity in advanced Alzheimer's dementia: a cognitive  

E-print Network

Sense of identity in Alzheimer's Disease 1 Sense of identity in advanced Alzheimer's dementia Author manuscript, published in "Consciousness and Cognition 2013;:1" #12;Sense of identity in Alzheimer's Disease 2 Abstract We looked at whether sense of identity persists in patients with Alzheimer's disease

Boyer, Edmond

300

Dual Identity as a Two-Edged Sword: Identity Threat and Minority School Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some members of ethnic minority groups respond to identity threat in ways that are detrimental to their school career, while others persist despite an unwelcoming school environment. It was hypothesized that ethnic and national identities, as combined in "separated," "assimilated," or "dual identity" strategies, moderate consequences of identity

Baysu, Gulseli; Phalet, Karen; Brown, Rupert

2011-01-01

301

Cultural Mistrust, Ethnic Identity, Racial Identity, and Self-Esteem among Ethnically Diverse Black University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines cultural mistrust, ethnic identity, racial identity, and self-esteem among Black university students (N=160). African American students' scores were statistically different from those of African and West Indian/Caribbean students on cultural mistrust, racial identity, and ethnic identity measures. There were no statistically significant…

Phelps, Rosemary E.; Taylor, Janice D.; Gerard, Phyllis A.

2001-01-01

302

Not All Identity Style Items Refer to Identity: Does It Matter?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Identity styles describe the ways in which adolescents approach identity issues. The Identity Style Inventory-3 (ISI-3) has been extensively used to measure these styles. Some of the items on the ISI-3 refer specifically to domains in which identity decisions are made whereas other items do not. This study reports findings regarding whether these two types of items yield different conclusions

Georgios Vleioras

2007-01-01

303

Identity Theft --Appendix 2 Page Page 1 of 3 IDENTITY FRAUD VICTIM WORKSHEET  

E-print Network

: _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ #12;Identity Theft -- Appendix 2 Page Page 2 of 3 Banks, Credit Card Issuers and Other CreditorsIdentity Theft -- Appendix 2 Page Page 1 of 3 IDENTITY FRAUD VICTIM WORKSHEET Credit Bureaus: _____________________________________________________________________________________ #12;Identity Theft -- Appendix 2 Page Page 3 of 3

Oklahoma, University of

304

Varying potential silicon carbide gas sensor  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A hydrocarbon gas detection device operates by dissociating or electro-chemically oxidizing hydrocarbons adsorbed to a silicon carbide detection layer. Dissociation or oxidation are driven by a varying potential applied to the detection layer. Different hydrocarbon species undergo reaction at different applied potentials so that the device is able to discriminate among various hydrocarbon species. The device can operate at temperatures between 100.degree. C. and at least 650.degree. C., allowing hydrocarbon detection in hot exhaust gases. The dissociation reaction is detected either as a change in a capacitor or, preferably, as a change of current flow through an FET which incorporates the silicon carbide detection layers. The silicon carbide detection layer can be augmented with a pad of catalytic material which provides a signal without an applied potential. Comparisons between the catalytically produced signal and the varying potential produced signal may further help identify the hydrocarbon present.

Shields, Virgil B. (Inventor); Ryan, Margaret A. (Inventor); Williams, Roger M. (Inventor)

1997-01-01

305

[Personal identity and multiple personality].  

PubMed

The present study analyses the internal organization of self concepts in a woman who meets the DSM III criteria of multiple personality disorder. The aim of this single case study, was to assess the personal identity of this patient, the degree of internal coherence and the hierarchical structure of the descriptions of self and others in the frame of cognitive theories of personality. After the clinical observation, the experimental procedure is presented. It consists in asking the patient to describe her different roles or alternated personalities (N = 12), as well as the target persons of her familial and social environment (N = 8) on the basis of a preestablished list of adjectives (extracted from the 16 P.F. Cattell sphere of personality). The factorial analysis of the contingency table: traits attributed x persons described shows a Guttman like hierarchical structure. Similarities and differences between the descriptions can be ordered on a unidimensional order, the multiple roles or personalities being no more complex nor simple than the target persons. The present results have been discussed in reference to cognitive theories of personality and their utility in studying personal identity and multiple personality. PMID:3223683

de Bonis, M; Charlot, V; Hardy, P; Féline, A

1988-01-01

306

Synchronization in time-varying networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study the stability of the synchronized state in time-varying complex networks using the concept of basin stability, which is a nonlocal and nonlinear measure of stability that can be easily applied to high-dimensional systems [P. J. Menck, J. Heitzig, N. Marwan, and J. Kurths, Nature Phys. 9, 89 (2013), 10.1038/nphys2516]. The time-varying character is included by stochastically rewiring each link with the average frequency f. We find that the time taken to reach synchronization is lowered and the stability range of the synchronized state increases considerably in dynamic networks. Further we uncover that small-world networks are much more sensitive to link changes than random ones, with the time-varying character of the network having a significant effect at much lower rewiring frequencies. At very high rewiring frequencies, random networks perform better than small-world networks and the synchronized state is stable over a much wider window of coupling strengths. Lastly we show that the stability range of the synchronized state may be quite different for small and large perturbations, and so the linear stability analysis and the basin stability criterion provide complementary indicators of stability.

Kohar, Vivek; Ji, Peng; Choudhary, Anshul; Sinha, Sudeshna; Kurths, Jüergen

2014-08-01

307

Modelling and simulation of spatially varying earthquake ground motions at sites with varying conditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a flat and uniform site, it is reasonable to assume that the spatially varying earthquake ground motions at various locations have the same power spectral density or response spectrum. If an engineering site with varying soil conditions at different structural supports is considered, this assumption is no longer valid because of different local site amplification effect. This paper presents

Kaiming Bi; Hong Hao

308

Negotiating identities in a heteronormative context.  

PubMed

Society prescribes a set model of heterosexual development toward a gender and sexual identity. Individuals with gender and sexual identities that do not conform to the prescribed heterosexual identities must essentially develop their own way, that is, they must privately negotiate their path through identity development and identity adoption. However, while negotiating their private reality, they must rely on existing concepts of other. Using a social constructionist framework, we explore the private negotiation of an individual who does not conform to the socially prescribed gender and sexual identities--a transgender lesbian. Based on this interview, we suggest that the model of traditional heteronormative gender socialization to sexual identity would need to be revised. PMID:23469821

Page, Amy Dellinger; Peacock, James R

2013-01-01

309

Do different types of social identity moderate the association between perceived descriptive norms and drinking among college students?  

PubMed

Perceived descriptive norms are one of the strongest predictors of college drinking. Social Identity Theory posits that much of our identity is based on groups with which we affiliate. Prior research suggests that there is an association between perceived descriptive norms and drinking among those who identify more strongly with the normative referent group. However, no studies to date have examined how different facets of social identity affect the relationship between perceived descriptive norms and drinking. The purpose of this study was to examine whether the interaction between perceived descriptive norms and social identity on drinking varied as a function of different dimensions of social identity among college students. Participants were 1095 college students from a large, public, southern university who completed an online survey about drinking behaviors and related attitudes. Drinks per week was examined as a function of norms, the Importance, Commitment, Deference, and Superiority subscales of the Measure of Identification with Groups, as well as the two-way interactions between each dimension of social identity and norms. Results indicated that norms were associated with drinking, but that this relationship varied as a function of identity dimension. The association between norms and drinking was stronger among those who viewed the university's student body as part of their own identity and were more committed to their fellow students, but weaker among those who reported greater deference to student leaders. This research suggests the importance of examining multiple dimensions of social identity in considering social influences on drinking. PMID:24836160

Rinker, Dipali Venkataraman; Neighbors, Clayton

2014-09-01

310

Linear Parameter Varying Control for Actuator Failure  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A robust linear parameter varying (LPV) control synthesis is carried out for an HiMAT vehicle subject to loss of control effectiveness. The scheduling parameter is selected to be a function of the estimates of the control effectiveness factors. The estimates are provided on-line by a two-stage Kalman estimator. The inherent conservatism of the LPV design is reducing through the use of a scaling factor on the uncertainty block that represents the estimation errors of the effectiveness factors. Simulations of the controlled system with the on-line estimator show that a superior fault-tolerance can be achieved.

Shin, Jong-Yeob; Wu, N. Eva; Belcastro, Christine; Bushnell, Dennis M. (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

311

Varying execution discipline to increase performance  

SciTech Connect

This research investigates the relationship between execution discipline and performance. The hypothesis has two parts: 1. Different execution disciplines exhibit different performance for different computations, and 2. These differences can be effectively predicted by heuristics. A machine model is developed that can vary its execution discipline. That is, the model can execute a given program using either the control-driven, data-driven or demand-driven execution discipline. This model is referred to as a ``variable-execution-discipline`` machine. The instruction set for the model is the Program Dependence Web (PDW). The first part of the hypothesis will be tested by simulating the execution of the machine model on a suite of computations, based on the Livermore Fortran Kernel (LFK) Test (a.k.a. the Livermore Loops), using all three execution disciplines. Heuristics are developed to predict relative performance. These heuristics predict (a) the execution time under each discipline for one iteration of each loop and (b) the number of iterations taken by that loop; then the heuristics use those predictions to develop a prediction for the execution of the entire loop. Similar calculations are performed for branch statements. The second part of the hypothesis will be tested by comparing the results of the simulated execution with the predictions produced by the heuristics. If the hypothesis is supported, then the door is open for the development of machines that can vary execution discipline to increase performance.

Campbell, P.L.; Maccabe, A.B.

1993-12-22

312

Stereoscopic depth perception varies with hues  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The contribution of color information to stereopsis is controversial, and whether the stereoscopic depth perception varies with chromaticity is ambiguous. This study examined the changes in depth perception caused by hue variations. Based on the fact that a greater disparity range indicates more efficient stereoscopic perception, the effect of hue variations on depth perception was evaluated through the disparity range with random-dot stereogram stimuli. The disparity range was obtained by constant-stimulus method for eight chromaticity points sampled from the CIE 1931 chromaticity diagram. Eight sample points include four main color hues: red, yellow, green, and blue at two levels of chroma. The results show that the disparity range for the yellow hue is greater than the red hue, the latter being greater than the blue hue and the disparity range for green hue is smallest. We conclude that the perceived depth is not the same for different hues for a given size of disparity. We suggest that the stereoscopic depth perception can vary with chromaticity.

Chen, Zaiqing; Shi, Junsheng; Tai, Yonghang; Yun, Lijun

2012-09-01

313

Toroidal Varied-Line Space (TVLS) Gratings  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

It is a particular challenge to develop a stigmatic spectrograph for XUV wavelengths since the very low normal-incidence reflectance of standard materials most often requires that the design be restricted to a single optical element which must simultaneously provide both re-imaging and spectral dispersion. This problem has been solved in the past by the use of toroidal gratings with uniform line-spaced rulings (TULS). A number of solar EUV (Extreme Ultraviolet) spectrometers have been based on such designs, including SOHO/CDS, Solar-B/EIS, and the sounding rockets SERTS and EUNIS. More recently, Kita, Harada, and collaborators have developed the theory of spherical gratings with varied line-space rulings (SVLS) operated at unity magnification, which have been flown on several astronomical satellite missions. We now combine these ideas into a spectrometer concept that puts varied-line space rulings onto toroidal gratings. Such TVLS designs are found to provide excellent imaging even at very large spectrograph magnifications and beam-speeds, permitting extremely high-quality performance in remarkably compact instrument packages. Optical characteristics of two solar spectrometers based on this concept are described: SUMI, proposed as a sounding rocket experiment, and NEXUS, proposed for the Solar Dynamics Observatory mission.

Thomas, Roger J.; Oegerle, William (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

314

MULTIVARIATE VARYING COEFFICIENT MODEL FOR FUNCTIONAL RESPONSES  

PubMed Central

Motivated by recent work studying massive imaging data in the neuroimaging literature, we propose multivariate varying coefficient models (MVCM) for modeling the relation between multiple functional responses and a set of covariates. We develop several statistical inference procedures for MVCM and systematically study their theoretical properties. We first establish the weak convergence of the local linear estimate of coefficient functions, as well as its asymptotic bias and variance, and then we derive asymptotic bias and mean integrated squared error of smoothed individual functions and their uniform convergence rate. We establish the uniform convergence rate of the estimated covariance function of the individual functions and its associated eigenvalue and eigenfunctions. We propose a global test for linear hypotheses of varying coefficient functions, and derive its asymptotic distribution under the null hypothesis. We also propose a simultaneous confidence band for each individual effect curve. We conduct Monte Carlo simulation to examine the finite-sample performance of the proposed procedures. We apply MVCM to investigate the development of white matter diffusivities along the genu tract of the corpus callosum in a clinical study of neurodevelopment. PMID:12926711

Zhu, Hongtu; Li, Runze; Kong, Linglong

2012-01-01

315

MULTIVARIATE VARYING COEFFICIENT MODEL FOR FUNCTIONAL RESPONSES  

PubMed Central

Motivated by recent work studying massive imaging data in the neuroimaging literature, we propose multivariate varying coefficient models (MVCM) for modeling the relation between multiple functional responses and a set of covariates. We develop several statistical inference procedures for MVCM and systematically study their theoretical properties. We first establish the weak convergence of the local linear estimate of coefficient functions, as well as its asymptotic bias and variance, and then we derive asymptotic bias and mean integrated squared error of smoothed individual functions and their uniform convergence rate. We establish the uniform convergence rate of the estimated covariance function of the individual functions and its associated eigenvalue and eigenfunctions. We propose a global test for linear hypotheses of varying coefficient functions, and derive its asymptotic distribution under the null hypothesis. We also propose a simultaneous confidence band for each individual effect curve. We conduct Monte Carlo simulation to examine the finite-sample performance of the proposed procedures. We apply MVCM to investigate the development of white matter diffusivities along the genu tract of the corpus callosum in a clinical study of neurodevelopment. PMID:23645942

Zhu, Hongtu; Li, Runze; Kong, Linglong

2012-01-01

316

Disclosing false identity through hybrid link analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Combating the identity problem is crucial and urgent as false identity has become a common denominator of many serious crimes,\\u000a including mafia trafficking and terrorism. Without correct identification, it is very difficult for law enforcement authority\\u000a to intervene, or even trace terrorists’ activities. Amongst several identity attributes, personal names are commonly, and\\u000a effortlessly, falsified or aliased by most criminals. Typical

Tossapon Boongoen; Qiang Shen; Chris Price

2010-01-01

317

Self, Identity, Stress, and Mental Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

By this point, the reader may be wondering where stressors leave off and coping responses begin, where self-esteem is, or\\u000a should be, located in the stress process, and at what points self and identity concepts are identical to or distinguishable\\u000a from stress experiences. I have suggested that some stressors are direct threats to an identity, some are threats only if

PEGGY A. THOITS

318

Two types of cross-gender identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

A revision of the typology of male cross-gender identity was carried out by means of formalized, easily replicable methods. The results suggest (1) that there are two discrete types of cross-gender identity, one heterosexual, the other homosexual; (2) that transvestism, and closely related conditions of cross-gender identity, occur exclusively or almost exclusively in heterosexuals; (3) that of the two types

Kurt Freund; Betty W. Steiner; Samuel Chan

1982-01-01

319

Facial allograft transplantation, personal identity and subjectivity  

PubMed Central

An analysis of the identity issues involved in facial allograft transplantation is provided in this paper. The identity issues involved in organ transplantation in general, under both theoretical accounts of personal identity and subjective accounts provided by organ recipients, are examined. It is argued that the identity issues involved in facial allograft transplantation are similar to those involved in organ transplantation in general, but much stronger because the face is so closely linked with personal identity. Recipients of facial allograft transplantation have the potential to feel that their identity is a mix between their own and the donor's, and the donor's family is potentially likely to feel that their loved one “lives on”. It is also argued that facial allograft transplantation allows the recipients to regain an identity, because they can now be seen in the social world. Moreover, they may regain expressivity, allowing for them to be seen even more by others, and to regain an identity to an even greater extent. Informing both recipients and donors about the role that identity plays in facial allograft transplantation could enhance the consent process for facial allograft transplantation and donation. PMID:17664301

Swindell, J S

2007-01-01

320

Human DNA Identity Testing Policy Report  

E-print Network

......................................................................................................... 11 DNA Identification in Human Trafficking1 May 2013 Human DNA Identity Testing Policy Report Project Lead Sara Huston Katsanis, MS, for RTI ........................................................................................................................................... 6 Human DNA Identification

McShea, Daniel W.

321

Reactions to Mandatory Sentences in Relation to the Ethnic Identity and Criminal History of the Offender  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the responses of 181 participants (87 men, 94 women), from Adelaide, South Australia, to scenarios describing mandatory sentences for perpetrators of a property offense committed in the Northern Territory, Australia. Four scenarios that were randomly distributed varied ethnic identity (White Australian, Aboriginal Australian) and criminal history (first-time offender, third-time offender). Participants completed attitude measures for both mandatory

N. T. Feather; Jacqueline Souter

2002-01-01

322

The Effect of Profile Elevation on the Relationship between Interest Differentiation and Vocational Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the varying relationships between vocational identity and differentiation of vocational interests while taking into account levels of profile elevation as the moderator. The participants were 130 high school students who attended a vocational guidance programme at a youth counselling centre in Korea. The relationship between…

Im, Seongah

2011-01-01

323

Clearing the Air: Identity Safety Moderates the Effects of Stereotype Threat on Women's Leadership Aspirations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Exposing participants to gender-stereotypic TV commercials designed to elicit the female stereotype, the present research explored whether vulnerability to stereotype threat could persuade women to avoid leadership roles in favor of nonthreatening subordinate roles. Study 1 confirmed that exposure to the stereotypic commercials undermined women's aspirations on a subsequent leadership task. Study 2 established that varying the identity safety of

Paul G. Davies; Steven J. Spencer; Claude M. Steele

2005-01-01

324

Longitudinal Trajectories of Ethnic Identity among Urban Black and Latino Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study modeled developmental trajectories of ethnic identity exploration and affirmation and belonging from middle to late adolescence (ages 15-18) and examined how these trajectories varied according to ethnicity, gender, immigrant status, and perceived level of discrimination. The sample consisted of 135 urban low-income Black and…

Pahl, Kerstin; Way, Niobe

2006-01-01

325

Latino Fathers: The Relationship Among Machismo, Acculturation, Ethnic Identity, and Paternal Involvement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Paternal involvement with children is associated with better outcomes for children and family functioning. There are, however, few data examining the intersection of cultural norms and paternal involvement. For Latino fathers in the United States, paternal involvement may vary on the basis of cultural and gender norms, acculturation process, and ethnic identity. The current study used self-report surveys to examine

Jon Glass; Jesse Owen

2010-01-01

326

Family Interaction Patterns as Predictors of Vocational Identity and Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Vocational identity scores of 210 college students varied by family achievement orientation. Career decision-making self-efficacy was influenced by family differences in achievement, intellectual-cultural, and moral-religious 'orientation; conflict; and expressiveness. Family interaction patterns thus may play a small but significant role in…

Hargrove, Byron K.; Creagh, Maureen G.; Burgess, Brian L.

2002-01-01

327

Identity Negotiation: An Intergenerational Examination of Lesbian and Gay Band Directors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine the experiences of lesbian and gay band directors at varying stages of career development to discern how they have negotiated identity within their personal and professional lives. Ten band directors (8 males and 2 females) residing in Texas (n = 8), Florida (n = 1), and Illinois (n = 1)…

Taylor, Donald M.

2011-01-01

328

WKB approximation for abruptly varying potential wells  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present an approach to obtain eigenfunctions and eigenenergies for abruptly varying potentials in the framework of the Wentzel-Kramers-Brillouin (WKB) approximation. To illustrate it, two examples of the potentials are studied. The first one is the combination of a step barrier and a harmonic oscillator potential, and the second one consists of a step barrier and a linear potential. The formulation of a WKB quantization rule is proposed. Our approach shows that WKB energies and those from numerical calculation are in good agreement. According to matching conditions used, WKB wavefunctions in this present work are violated at only one classical turning point, but they behave well at another point where the potentials are discontinuous.

Amthong, Attapon

2014-11-01

329

Percolation model with continuously varying exponents  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This work analyzes a percolation model on the diamond hierarchical lattice (DHL), where the percolation transition is retarded by the inclusion of a probability of erasing specific connected structures. It has been inspired by the recent interest on the existence of other universality classes of percolation models. The exact scale invariance and renormalization properties of DHL leads to recurrence maps, from which analytical expressions for the critical exponents and precise numerical results in the limit of very large lattices can be derived. The critical exponents ? and ? of the investigated model vary continuously as the erasing probability changes. An adequate choice of the erasing probability leads to the result ?=?, like in some phase transitions involving vortex formation. The percolation transition is continuous, with ?>0, but ? can be as small as desired. The modified percolation model turns out to be equivalent to the Q?1 limit of a Potts model with specific long range interactions on the same lattice.

Andrade, R. F. S.; Herrmann, H. J.

2013-10-01

330

Time varying arctic climate change amplification  

SciTech Connect

During the past 130 years the global mean surface air temperature has risen by about 0.75 K. Due to feedbacks -- including the snow/ice albedo feedback -- the warming in the Arctic is expected to proceed at a faster rate than the global average. Climate model simulations suggest that this Arctic amplification produces warming that is two to three times larger than the global mean. Understanding the Arctic amplification is essential for projections of future Arctic climate including sea ice extent and melting of the Greenland ice sheet. We use the temperature records from the Arctic stations to show that (a) the Arctic amplification is larger at latitudes above 700 N compared to those within 64-70oN belt, and that, surprisingly; (b) the ratio of the Arctic to global rate of temperature change is not constant but varies on the decadal timescale. This time dependence will affect future projections of climate changes in the Arctic.

Chylek, Petr [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dubey, Manvendra K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lesins, Glen [DALLHOUSIE U; Wang, Muyin [NOAA/JISAO

2009-01-01

331

Climate dynamics: Why does climate vary?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent years, climate change has become a major focus of public and political discussion. Ongoing scientific inquiry, revolving predominantly around understanding the anthropogenic effects of rising greenhouse gas levels, coupled with how successfully findings are communicated to the public, has made climate science both contentious and exigent. In the AGU monograph Climate Dynamics: Why Does Climate Vary?, editors De-Zheng Sun and Frank Bryan reinforce the importance of investigating the complex dynamics that underlie the natural variability of the climate system. Understanding this complexity—particularly how the natural variability of climate may enhance or mask anthropogenic warming—could have important consequences for the future. In this interview, Eos talks to De-Zheng Sun.

Schultz, Colin

2011-08-01

332

Fundamental Investigation of Circumferentially Varying Stator Cascades  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The fundamentals of circumferentially varying stator cascades and their interactions with a downstream fixed pitch propeller were investigated experimentally utilizing multiple measurement techniques. The flow physics associated with the isolated circumferentially varying, or cyclic, stator cascade was studied in a wind tunnel environment through string tuft flow visualization, 2-D PIV, Stereoscopic PIV, and static surface pressure measurements. The coupled wake physics of the cyclic stator cascade with propeller were then investigated in a water tunnel using Stereo PIV. Finally, the global performance of components and the coupled system were quantified through force and moment measurements on the model in the water tunnel. A cyclic distribution of the stators' deflections resulted in non-axisymmetric distributions of the surface pressure and the flow field downstream of the stator array. In the model near wake the flow field is associated with secondary flow patterns in the form of coherent streamwise vortical structures that can be described by potential flow mechanisms. The collective pitch distribution of the stators produces a flow field that resembles a potential Rankine vortex, whereas the cyclic pitch distribution generates a flow pattern that can be described by a potential vortex pair in a cross flow. The stator distribution alone produces a significant side force that increases linearly with stator pitch amplitude. When a propeller is incorporated downstream from the cyclic cascade the side force from the stator cascade is reduced, but a small vertical force and pitching moment are created. The generation of these secondary forces and moments can be related to the redistribution of the tangential flow from the cyclic cascade into the axial direction by the retreating and advancing blade states of the fixed pitch propeller.

Farnsworth, John A. N.

333

Two barriers to realizing the benefits of biometrics: a chain perspective on biometrics and identity fraud as biometrics' real challenge  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Along at least twelve dimensions biometric systems might vary. We need to exploit this variety to manoeuvre biometrics into place to be able to realise its social potential. Subsequently, two perspectives on biometrics are proposed revealing that biometrics will probably be ineffective in combating identity fraud, organised crime and terrorism: (1) the value chain perspective explains the first barrier: our strong preference for large scale biometric systems for general compulsory use. These biometric systems cause successful infringements to spread unnoticed. A biometric system will only function adequately if biometrics is indispensable for solving the dominant chain problem. Multi-chain use of biometrics takes it beyond the boundaries of good manageability. (2) the identity fraud perspective exposes the second barrier: our traditional approach to identity verification. We focus on identity documents, neglecting the person and the situation involved. Moreover, western legal cultures have made identity verification procedures known, transparent, uniform and predictable. Thus, we have developed a blind spot to identity fraud. Biometrics provides good potential to better checking persons, but will probably be used to enhance identity documents. Biometrics will only pay off if it confronts the identity fraudster with less predictable verification processes and more risks of his identity fraud being spotted. Standardised large scale applications of biometrics for general compulsory use without countervailing measures will probably produce the reverse. This contribution tentatively presents a few headlines for an overall biometrics strategy that could better resist identity fraud.

Grijpink, Jan

2004-06-01

334

Multiple pathways to identification: exploring the multidimensionality of academic identity formation in ethnic minority males.  

PubMed

Empirical trends denote the academic underachievement of ethnic minority males across various academic domains. Identity-based explanations for this persistent phenomenon describe ethnic minority males as disidentified with academics, alienated, and oppositional. The present work interrogates these theoretical explanations and empirically substantiates a multidimensional lens for discussing academic identity formation within 330 African American and Latino early-adolescent males. Both hierarchical and iterative person-centered methods were utilized and reveal 5 distinct profiles derived from 6 dimensions of academic identity. These profiles predict self-reported classroom grades, mastery orientation, and self-handicapping in meaningful and varied ways. The results demonstrate multiple pathways to motivation and achievement, challenging previous oversimplified stereotypes of marginalized males. This exploratory study triangulates unique interpersonal and intrapersonal attributes for promoting healthy identity development and academic achievement among ethnic minority adolescent males. PMID:24447039

Matthews, Jamaal S

2014-04-01

335

"Putting the face to the voice": matching identity across modality.  

PubMed

Speech perception provides compelling examples of a strong link between auditory and visual modalities. This link originates in the mechanics of speech production, which, in shaping the vocal tract, determine the movement of the face as well as the sound of the voice. In this paper, we present evidence that equivalent information about identity is available cross-modally from both the face and voice. Using a delayed matching to sample task, XAB, we show that people can match the video of an unfamiliar face, X, to an unfamiliar voice, A or B, and vice versa, but only when stimuli are moving and are played forward. The critical role of time-varying information is underlined by the ability to match faces to voices containing only the coarse spatial and temporal information provided by sine wave speech [5]. The effect of varying sentence content across modalities was small, showing that identity-specific information is not closely tied to particular utterances. We conclude that the physical constraints linking faces to voices result in bimodally available dynamic information, not only about what is being said, but also about who is saying it. PMID:14521837

Kamachi, Miyuki; Hill, Harold; Lander, Karen; Vatikiotis-Bateson, Eric

2003-09-30

336

Athletic Identity, Vocational Identity, and Occupational Engagement in College Student-Athletes and Non-Athletes  

E-print Network

in comparison with non-athletes, between genders of student-athletes, and between earlier and later years in college for student-athletes using multiple instruments: Athletic Identity Measurement Scale; Vocational Identity Scale of the My Vocational Situation...

Hook, Lacole Lea

2012-05-31

337

Identity: empirical contribution. Changes in the identity integration of adolescents in treatment for personality disorders.  

PubMed

A renewed interest in identity as one of the core markers of personality disorders has been introduced by the DSM-5 Level of Personality Functioning Scale. However, little is known about the utility of the construct of identity in children and adolescents. This study aimed to broaden the knowledge of identity integration as a core component of personality functioning in adolescents. The authors investigated levels of identity integration, as measured by the Severity Indices of Personality Problems (SIPP-118; Verheul et al., 2008), in adolescents in both normal (n = 406) and clinical populations (n = 285). Furthermore, changes in levels of identity integration during treatment were investigated in a clinical subsample (n = 76). Levels of identity integration were not associated with age. They were, however, associated with the absence or presence of personality pathology. Most adolescents receiving inpatient psychotherapy gradually changed toward more healthy levels of identity integration; a significant number, however, remained at maladaptive levels of identity functioning after intensive psychotherapy. PMID:24344891

Feenstra, Dine J; Hutsebaut, Joost; Verheul, Roel; van Limbeek, Jacques

2014-02-01

338

Profiling Teachers' Sense of Professional Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study shows that professional identity should not be viewed as a composed variable with a uniform structure. Based on the literature and previous research, we view teachers' job satisfaction, self-efficacy, occupational commitment and change in the level of motivation as indicators of teachers' professional identity. Using two-step cluster…

Canrinus, Esther T.; Helms-Lorenz, Michelle; Beijaard, Douwe; Buitink, Jaap; Hofman, Adriaan

2011-01-01

339

Youth identity formation and contemporary alcohol marketing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers linkages between contemporary marketing theory and practice, and emerging conceptualizations of identity, to discuss implications for public health concerns over alcohol use among young people. Particular attention is paid to the theorizing of consumption as a component of youth identities and the ways in which developments of marketing praxis orients to such schemata. The authors’ analyses of

Timothy McCreanor; Alison Greenaway; Helen Moewaka Barnes; Suaree Borell; Amanda Gregory

2005-01-01

340

Experiments with three identical ultraprecision machine tools  

SciTech Connect

This paper outlines the underlying philosophy of, and reports preliminary results from experiments with three nominally identical diamond turning machines. Identical tools, specially fabricated from the same diamond, were used to machine mirrors from blanks cut from the same base material using previously specified process parameters; parts produced are compared. 8 refs., 14 figs.

Evans, C.; Hannah, P.; Rhorer, R.

1988-01-01

341

Identity, Language Learning, and Social Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this review article on identity, language learning, and social change, we argue that contemporary poststructuralist theories of language, identity, and power offer new perspectives on language learning and teaching, and have been of considerable interest in our field. We first review poststructuralist theories of language, subjectivity, and…

Norton, Bonny; Toohey, Kelleen

2011-01-01

342

Identity as a Source of Moral Motivation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Theory and research regarding moral motivation has focused for decades on the roles of moral reasoning and, to some extent, moral emotion. Recently, however, several models of morality have positioned identity as an additional important source of moral motivation. An individual has a moral identity to the extent that he or she has constructed his…

Hardy, Sam A.; Carlo, Gustavo

2005-01-01

343

Homosexual identity formation: Testing a theoretical model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Of late, researchers in the area of homosexuality have emphasized the study of homosexual identity formation. Several models have been put forward depicting the process of identity acquisition, but little attempt has been made to test either their accuracy or generality. The study outlined in this paper assesses the validity of several important aspects of my six?stage model of homosexual

Vivienne C. Cass

1984-01-01

344

Acculturation, Ethnic Identity and Well-Being.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study used an optimal distinctiveness model to examine bicultural identity development in 212 Turkish adolescents (13 to 24 years old) who were children of first generation migrant workers in Germany and tested in the third wave of a longitudinal study. The hypothesis was that the consequences of bicultural identity for psychological…

Schonpflug, Ute; And Others

345

Identical repeated backbone of the human genome  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Identical sequences with a minimal length of about 300 base pairs (bp) have been involved in the generation of various meiotic\\/mitotic genomic rearrangements through non-allelic homologous recombination (NAHR) events. Genomic disorders and structural variation, together with gene remodelling processes have been associated with many of these rearrangements. Based on these observations, we identified and integrated all the 100% identical

Cinthya J Zepeda-Mendoza; Tzitziki Lemus; Omar Yáñez; Delfino García; David Valle-García; Karla F Meza-Sosa; María Gutiérrez-Arcelus; Yamile Márquez-Ortiz; Rocío Domínguez-Vidaña; Claudia Gonzaga-Jauregui; Margarita Flores; Rafael Palacios

2010-01-01

346

Identity Development and Mentoring in Doctoral Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this essay, Leigh Hall and Leslie Burns use theories of identity to understand mentoring relationships between faculty members and doctoral students who are being prepared as educational researchers. They suggest that becoming a professional researcher requires students to negotiate new identities and reconceptualize themselves both as people…

Hall, Leigh A.; Burns, Leslie D.

2009-01-01

347

An identity-authentication system using fingerprints  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fingerprint verification is an important biometric technique for personal identification. In this paper, we describe the design and implementation of a prototype automatic identity authentication system which uses fingerprints to authenticate the identity of an individual. We have developed an improved minutiae extraction algorithm which is faster and more accurate than our earlier algo- rithm (58). An alignment-based minutiae matching

R. Bolle; Lin Hong; AK Jain; S. Pankanti

1997-01-01

348

Interculturalism and the Pendulum of Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article offers a critical appraisal of the role played by cultural identity in intercultural bilingual Arabic-Hebrew schools in Israel. While engineered as oases of interculturalism amidst a life of ethnic segregation, such schools ultimately confront serious difficulties in escaping the constraints of identity politics and representation.…

Svirsky, Marcelo; Mor-Sommerfeld, Aura

2012-01-01

349

Interculturalities: Reframing Identities in Intercultural Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper attempts to reframe identities as "interculturalities" in the multimodal ways in which language is used for identity construction, specifically as responses to questionnaires, articulations within limited narratives, on-line interactions and in community ways of speaking a localised variety of English. Relying on a framework of analysis…

Nair-Venugopal, Shanta

2009-01-01

350

Migration, Culture and Identity in Portugal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Culture and identity are dynamic realities. Therefore, the essentialist view of culture and identity does not explain the process of integration of minorities in a context of acculturation, and leads to policies of "ghettoisation". This text focuses on what we describe as "cultural transfusion". By means of this process, we analyse two tendencies…

Vieira, Ricardo; Trindade, Jose

2008-01-01

351

Semiotics of Identity: Politics and Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this text I concentrate on semiotic aspects of the theory of political identity in the work of Ernesto Laclau, and especially on the connection between metaphors, metonymies, catachreses and synecdoches. Those tropes are of ontological status, and therefore they are of key importance in understanding the discursive "production" of identity in…

Szkudlarek, Tomasz

2011-01-01

352

Measuring Identity Processes in Family Relational Empowerment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines a procedure for measuring personal identity that uses self-characterisations to elicit and integrate ideographic data for fixed construct repertory grid nomothetic applications. There is a focus on how family members view their personal identities when they are recovering from the impacts of having a "loved one" with a mental…

Buckley-Walker, Kellie; Crowe, Trevor Patrick; Caputi, Peter

2013-01-01

353

Institutional Identity Guide forMillersvilleUniversity  

E-print Network

25­26 Licensing 27 State System of Higher Education 28 University Marketing has prepared this guide;3Institutional Identity Guide for Millersville University INTRODUCTION In the highly competitive higher education & Marketing Last updated March 2014 #12;2Institutional Identity Guide for Millersville University CONTENTS

Hardy, Christopher R.

354

Young Women Online: Collaboratively Constructing Identities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper I examine how young women construct their identities with others in online communities. I argue that the proliferation of social networking and its popularity among young people means that performed identities are increasingly collaboratively constructed, with the individual having less control over their public image than was…

Paechter, Carrie

2013-01-01

355

Intercultural Allusion in Transcultural Identity Narratives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper attempts to provide a theoretical framework for the use of intercultural allusion in narratives of transcultural identity. Identity is taken to be narrative in performance, one element of which, intercultural allusion, serves pragmatically to broker the transcultured subject's insertion into the host culture. The paper then shows how…

Sell, Jonathan P. A.

2004-01-01

356

Souls in Exile: Identities of Bilingual Writers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this discussion, the author highlights the relationship between language and identity by discussing notions such as language as a symbolic resource (Heller, 1995) and language as a badge of identity (Buruma, 2003) in a society. The reasons why a number of bilingual writers have decided to write in their second languages are explored, and issues…

Li, Xuemei

2007-01-01

357

New Amazonian geographies: emerging identities and landscapes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Common stereotypes of a homogeneous Amazonia belie the complexity and diversity of peoples and landscapes across the region. Although often invisible to the outside world, diverse peoples—indigenous, traditional, migrant, urban dwellers and others—actively construct their identities and shape cultural and political landscapes in diverse ways throughout the region. This volume combines political ecology, with its emphasis on identity, politics, and

Jacqueline M. Vadjunec; Marianne Schmink; Alyson L. Greiner

2011-01-01

358

Conceptualizing Native Identity with a Multidimensional Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports on a Native Identity Scale (NIS) adapted from an African American identity scale (Sellers et al., 1997). American Indian (AIs) and First Nations Canadian participants (N = 199) completed the NIS at powwows in the Upper Midwest. The majority of respondents were Ojibwe, but other tribal groups were represented. A principal…

Gonzalez, John; Bennett, Russell

2011-01-01

359

Sedimented Identities in Texts: Instances of Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The commentary argues for an understanding of how texts are put together that accounts for multimodality and draws on children's ways of being and doing in the home, their "habitus". It focuses on identities as socially situated. It argues that it is important to trace the process of sedimenting identities during text production. This offers a way…

Rowsell, Jennifer; Pahl, Kate

2007-01-01

360

Iranian Validation of the Identity Style Inventory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to validate the Iranian version of the Identity Style Inventory (ISI). Participants were 376 (42% males) university students. Confirmatory factor analyses revealed a clear three-factor structure of identity style and a mono-factor structure of commitment in the overall sample as well as in gender subgroups. Convergent…

Crocetti, Elisabetta; Shokri, Omid

2010-01-01

361

Fraser on Redistribution, Recognition, and Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyzes Nancy Fraser's account of the contrasting social movements for recognition versus those for redistribution. In her most recent analysis, only those forms of recognition struggles that she equates with identity politics are subject to critique. I argue that identity politics does not have an inevitable logic to it that destines it to fracture, border patrol, internal conservatism,

Linda Martín Alcoff

2007-01-01

362

Psychosocial Identity Development and Cultural Others.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contends that identity is constituted differently depending on the culture of origin. Against backdrop of U.S. individualism, explores cultural relativity of identity and pseudospeciation (false sense of cultural specialness). Notes that this literature grounds prejudice in evolution itself and provides reasons for movement beyond individualism to…

Hoare, Carol H.

1991-01-01

363

Being a Middle Leader: Exploring Professional Identities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Work-related self-identities are central to middle leaders' work. Their development takes place in social, policy and personal contexts. At the core of middle leaders' work-related identities lie values that guide how they interact with colleagues, students and senior management staff when trying to shape and implement departmental and school…

Busher, Hugh

2005-01-01

364

Emotions and White Racial Identity Status Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relationships between emotional states and White racial identity status attitudes (Helms, 1984, 1990) were tested on a sample of 286 White students. The stimulus was a vignette in which one condition involved explicit racial information and one did not. Participants rated baseline and posttest emotions and completed the White Racial Identity

Siegel, Matthew P.; Carter, Robert T.

2014-01-01

365

Constructing Facial Identity Surfaces for Recognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a novel approach to face recognition by constructing facial identity structures across views and over time, referred to as identity surfaces, in a Kernel Discriminant Analysis (KDA) feature space. This approach is aimed at addressing three challenging problems in face recognition: modelling faces across multiple views, extracting non-linear discriminatory features, and recognising faces over time. First, a multi-view

Yongmin Li; Shaogang Gong; Heather M. Liddell

2003-01-01

366

Essence, Identity, Signature: Tattoos and Cultural Property  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines a range of problems centring on the theorization of cultural identity and cultural property by reference to debates about the appropriation of the Maori tattoo, or ta moko, and the authenticity of contemporary Maori tattooing practices. Through a consideration of the relationship between cultural identity and tattooing, and the question of whether tattooing is an effect of

Stephen Pritchard

2000-01-01

367

Foregrounding Preservice Teacher Identity in Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article examines, through comparative case study method, how secondary-language-arts preservice student teachers' identities were constructed by spacetime configurations and what those identities meant to the individuals in the study. It reflects on the findings from two of the preservice secondary arts teachers for the study in two…

Miller, S. J.

2006-01-01

368

Bus rapid transit identity meets universal design  

Microsoft Academic Search

As bus rapid transit (BRT) systems continue to become more popular and as capital expenditure for such projects continues to grow, careful consideration of BRT identity design becomes ever more necessary. Properly considered identity systems can ensure accessibility to and usability of physical features and can also ensure that BRT systems are accessible and practical to use. Based on the

Alex Bitterman; Daniel Baldwin Hess

2008-01-01

369

Creative abilities in identical and fraternal twins  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present research set out to investigate the possibility of a genetic component in creative ability The pool of subjects for this study consisted of 117 pairs of twins, 13–19 years of age, divided into 28 pairs of identical males, 19 pairs of fraternal males, 35 pairs of identical females, and 35 pairs of fraternal females. A battery of ten

Marvin Reznikoff; George Domino; Carolyn Bridges; Merton Honeyman

1973-01-01

370

TDR Using Autocorrelation and Varying-Duration Pulses  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In an alternative to a prior technique of time-domain-reflectometry (TDR) in which very short excitation pulses are used, the pulses have very short rise and fall times and the pulse duration is varied continuously between a minimum and a maximum value. In both the present and prior techniques, the basic idea is to (1) measure the times between the generation of excitation pulses and the reception of reflections of the pulses as indications of the locations of one or more defects along a cable and (2) measure the amplitudes of the reflections as indication of the magnitudes of the defects. In general, an excitation pulse has a duration T. Each leading and trailing edge of an excitation pulse generates a reflection from a defect, so that a unique pair of reflections is associated with each defect. In the present alternative technique, the processing of the measured reflection signal includes computation of the autocorrelation function R(tau) identical with fx(t)x(t-tau)dt where t is time, x(t) is the measured reflection signal at time t, and taus is the correlation interval. The integration is performed over a measurement time interval short enough to enable identification and location of a defect within the corresponding spatial interval along the cable. Typically, where there is a defect, R(tau) exhibits a negative peak having maximum magnitude for tau in the vicinity of T. This peak can be used as a means of identifying a leading-edge/trailing-edge reflection pair. For a given spatial interval, measurements are made and R(tau) computed, as described above, for pulse durations T ranging from the minimum to the maximum value. The advantage of doing this is that the effective signal-to-noise ratio may be significantly increased over that attainable by use of a fixed pulse duration T.

Lucena, Angel; Mullinex, Pam; Huang, PoTien; Santiago, Josephine; Mata, Carlos; Zavala, Carlos; Lane, John

2008-01-01

371

The Identity Game: Constructing and Enabling Multicultural Identities in a Finland-Swedish School Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study, building on previous studies stressing the bond between positive sense of ethnic identity and school belonging, puts at its center the very process of ethnic identity construction. Thus, identity is viewed as co-constructed, within a social-constructionist perspective on learning. The study is two-folded. It starts out by describing…

Forsman, Liselott; Hummelstedt-Djedou, Ida

2014-01-01

372

Political, Religious and Occupational Identities in Context: Placing Identity Status Paradigm in Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study critically contrasts global identity with domain-specific identities (political, religious and occupational) and considers context and gender as integral parts of identity. In a cross-sectional survey, 1038 Greek Cypriot adolescents (449 boys and 589 girls, mean age 16.8) from the three different types of secondary schools (state, state…

Solomontos-Kountouri, Olga; Hurry, Jane

2008-01-01

373

Looking through "Northern Exposure" at Jewish American Identity and the Communication Theory of Identity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores Jewish American identity from a communication theory of identity perspective. Analyzes six episodes of the television program "Northern Exposure" for their representation of Jewish American identity, and explains how the episodes were then shown to 26 Jewish Americans. Notes that the study focused on a communal representation of this…

Hecht, Michael L.; Faulkner, Sandra L.; Meyer, C. R.; Niles, TA; Golden, Doug; Cutler, Melanie

2002-01-01

374

Athletic identity and aggressiveness: A cross?cultural analysis of the athletic identity maintenance model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research independently examining athletic identity and sport aggression is quite extensive; however, the relationship between these variables has yet to be explored. Findings from both the identity literature and the sport fandom literature regarding team identification and aggressive fan behavior provides a foundation on which to hypothesize about the potential role athletic identity may have in the expression of athlete

Amanda J. Visek; Jack C. Watson; Jennifer R. Hurst; Jonathan P. Maxwell; Brandonn S. Harris

2010-01-01

375

How ESL Teachers' Sociocultural Identities Mediate Their Teacher Role Identities in a Diverse Urban School Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

English-as-a-second language (ESL) teachers' sociocultural identities and teacher role identities are posited to be deeply rooted in their personal histories. Yet, this being the case, how ESL teachers interpret, negotiate and construct their identities in the pedagogical process remains underexplored. This study is an exploration of the…

Ajayi, Lasisi

2011-01-01

376

Social Support, Ethnic Identity, and Sexual Identity of Lesbians and Gay Men  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social support, sexual identity development, and ethnic identity development play key roles in individuals’ health and well-being. This study explores social support and identity variables in samples of ethnic minority (N = 297) and White (N = 294) lesbians and gay men. Ethnic minority participants as well as white participants reported generally high levels of satisfaction with social support, strong

Susanna M. Gallor; Ruth E. Fassinger

2010-01-01

377

The Interface of Racial Identity Development with Identity Complexity in Clinical Social Work Student Practitioners  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the influence that one's racial identity development plays in the overall professional identity development of clinical social work student practitioners. The author discusses race, as a construct, in a post-modern world. Utilizing Saari's (1993, 2000) discussion of identity complexity, the paper demonstrates how the ability to dialogue about issues of race, in a complex and multi-faceted way,

Dennis Miehls

2001-01-01

378

Intersections in Identity–Identity Development among Queer Women with Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Until recently the sexuality of individuals with disabilities has largely been ignored or incorrectly assumed to be non-existent. Individuals with disabilities have a range of sexual orientations encompassing both heterosexual and queer identities. In what ways do individuals with disabilities construct their sexual orientation identity? How do women who identify as both disabled and queer develop their multiple identities? Do

Chelsea Whitney

2006-01-01

379

Impacts of parental attitude towards sexual identity development on child's sexual identity development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this research, positive or negative impacts of different parental attitudes on children's sexual identity and character development have been presented. The general object of the research is to determine the impacts of parental attitude towards child's sexual identity development on the sexual identity development of the children during pre-school period. The research, for which the general scanning model is

Müberra Eser; Nadir Çeliköz

2009-01-01

380

Stability of mass varying particle lumps  

SciTech Connect

The theoretical description of compact structures that share some features with mass varying particles allows for a simple analysis of the equilibrium and stability for massive stellar bodies. We investigate static, spherically symmetric solutions of Einstein equations for a system composed by nonbaryonic matter (neutrinos or dark matter) which forms stable structures through attractive forces mediated by a background scalar field (dark energy). Assuming that the dark matter, or massive neutrinos, consists of a gas of weakly interacting particles, the coupling with the scalar field is translated into an effective dependence of the mass of the compounding particle on the radial coordinate of the curved spacetime. The stability analysis reveals that these static solutions become dynamically unstable for different Buchdahl limits of the ratio between the total mass energy and the stellar radius, M/R. We also find regular solutions that for an external observer resemble Schwarzschild black holes. Our analysis leaves unanswered the question whether such solutions, which are both regular and stable, do exist.

Bernardini, A. E.; Bertolami, O. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal de Sao Carlos, P.O. Box 676, 13565-905, Sao Carlos, SP (Brazil); Instituto Superior Tecnico, Departamento de Fisica, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1, 1049-001, Lisboa (Portugal)

2009-12-15

381

Stratospheric Impact of Varying Sea Surface Temperatures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Finite-Volume General Circulation Model (FVGCM) has been run in 50 year simulations with the: 1) 1949-1999 Hadley Centre sea surface temperatures (SST), and 2) a fixed annual cycle of SSTs. In this presentation we first show that the 1949-1999 FVGCM simulation produces a very credible stratosphere in comparison to an NCEP/NCAR reanalysis climatology. In particular, the northern hemisphere has numerous major and minor stratospheric warming, while the southern hemisphere has only a few over the 50-year simulation. During the northern hemisphere winter, temperatures are both warmer in the lower stratosphere and the polar vortex is weaker than is found in the mid-winter southern hemisphere. Mean temperature differences in the lower stratosphere are shown to be small (less than 2 K), and planetary wave forcing is found to be very consistent with the climatology. We then will show the differences between our varying SST simulation and the fixed SST simulation in both the dynamics and in two parameterized trace gases (ozone and methane). In general, differences are found to be small, with subtle changes in planetary wave forcing that lead to reduced temperatures in the SH and increased temperatures in the NH.

Newman, Paul A.; Nash, Eric R.; Nielsen, Jon E.; Waugh, Darryn; Pawson, Steven

2004-01-01

382

Vocal caricatures reveal signatures of speaker identity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

What are the features that impersonators select to elicit a speaker's identity? We built a voice database of public figures (targets) and imitations produced by professional impersonators. They produced one imitation based on their memory of the target (caricature) and another one after listening to the target audio (replica). A set of naive participants then judged identity and similarity of pairs of voices. Identity was better evoked by the caricatures and replicas were perceived to be closer to the targets in terms of voice similarity. We used this data to map relevant acoustic dimensions for each task. Our results indicate that speaker identity is mainly associated with vocal tract features, while perception of voice similarity is related to vocal folds parameters. We therefore show the way in which acoustic caricatures emphasize identity features at the cost of loosing similarity, which allows drawing an analogy with caricatures in the visual space.

López, Sabrina; Riera, Pablo; Assaneo, María Florencia; Eguía, Manuel; Sigman, Mariano; Trevisan, Marcos A.

2013-12-01

383

Collective school-type identity: predicting students' motivation beyond academic self-concept.  

PubMed

In Germany, according to their prior achievement students are tracked into different types of secondary school that provide profoundly different options for their future educational careers. In this paper we suggest that as a result, school tracks clearly differ in their social status or reputation. This should translate into different collective school-type identities for their students, irrespective of the students' personal academic self-concepts. We examine the extent to which collective school-type identity systematically varies as a function of the school track students are enrolled in, and the extent to which students' collective school-type identity makes a unique contribution beyond academic self-concept and school track in predicting scholastic motivation. In two cross-sectional studies a measure of collective school-type identity is established and applied to explain motivational differences between two school tracks in Berlin. In Study 1 (N?=?39 students) the content of the collective school-type identity is explored by means of an open format questionnaire. Based on these findings a structured instrument (semantic differential) to measure collective school-type identity is developed. In Study 2 (N?=?1278 students) the assumed structure with four subscales (Stereotype Achievement, Stereotype Motivation, Stereotype Social, and Compensation) is proved with confirmatory factor analysis. This measure is used to compare the collective school-type identity across school tracks and predict motivational outcomes. Results show large differences in collective school-type identity between students of different school tracks. Furthermore, these differences can explain motivational differences between school tracks. Collective school-type identity has incremental predictive power for scholastic motivation, over and above the effects of academic self-concept and school track. PMID:22044232

Knigge, Michel; Hannover, Bettina

2011-06-01

384

Ethnic identity of older Chinese in Canada.  

PubMed

In Canada's multicultural society, ethnic identity is important to the elderly and can influence areas such as access to services, health promotion and care. Often, the complex nature of ethnic identity is underestimated when looking at cultural groups. This study aims to: (a) validate the factor structure of a Chinese ethnic identity measure for older Chinese in Canada, (b) examine the level of ethnic identity of the participants, and (c) examine the correlates of ethnic identity in these older individuals. Using data from a large, national research project on the elderly Chinese in Canada, this study analyzed the results gathered from a total of 2,272 participants. Principal component analysis, maximum-likelihood confirmatory factor analysis, and multiple regression analysis were performed. The results indicated that ethnic identity of the older Chinese is a multi-dimensional construct made up of three factors: (a) culture related activities, (b) community ties, (c) linkage with country of origin, and (d) cultural identification. The findings have provided a better understanding of how ethnic identity can be measured among the aging Chinese population in Canada. PMID:22198551

Lai, Daniel W L

2012-06-01

385

An Analytical Model for University Identity and Reputation Strategy Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universities face increasing global competition, pressuring them to restructure and find new identities. A multidimensional model: identity, image and reputation of strategic university identity and reputation work is developed. The model includes: organizational identity; employee and student attitudes; symbolic identity; influence from…

Steiner, Lars; Sundstrom, Agneta C.; Sammalisto, Kaisu

2013-01-01

386

Identity development of South African adolescents in a democratic society  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compared the identity development of black and white adolescents (15 – 19 years of age) in a democratic South African society. Erik Erikson's theory of identity development during adolescence and his view of the importance of a cultural identity for identity development formed the theoretical background for the study. The level of identity development of the research participants

Dorothea P. Thom; Cas H. Coetzee

2004-01-01

387

Identity Based Training: Toward Peacebuilding in Multicultural Societies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article presents identity-based training created on the basis of the social identity theory, categorization theory and common identity model. Training consists of three parts: (1) multiplicity and salience of identity; (2) identity as a course of conflicts; (3) ways for tolerance recategorisation, decategorisation, and mutual differentiation.…

Korostelina, Karina V.

388

The Missing Link in Alternative Certification: Teacher Identity Formation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Career changers face an identity change as well as an identity formation when coming into the profession of teaching. In this article, symbolic interactionism, narrating identity, and post- structuralism are used to explain this teacher identity formation. All constructs of teacher identity can be seen through these approaches, but career changers are unique in that they need to completely remake

Sheila Allen

389

Redefining identity in the altered rural landscape  

E-print Network

Within a place, there is a fluidity of demographic, a collision and interaction between identities that requires negotiation, both spatially and socially. This project aims to assemble a series of actions toward the design ...

Helinski, Katice L

2006-01-01

390

The identity of Salix conifera (Salicaceae)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nameSalix conifera Wangenh. is considered and its identity is shown to be the same as the hybridS. discolor × humilis. It is lectotypified by Wangenheim's figure supplemented by his description and diagnosis.

George W. Argus

1984-01-01

391

Hysterectomies and gender identity among Serbian women  

E-print Network

In this qualitative study, I explore the impact of national culture on the gender identity of Serbian women with hysterectomies, with special emphasis on traditional motherhood discourse and its implications for women who cannot bear children. More...

Sukovic, Masa

2009-05-15

392

Parfit, personal identity, and what matters  

E-print Network

The problem of personal identity has vexed philosophers since its initial formulation by John Locke. He argued that "person" is a distinct ontological entity' y from "man." In so doing, he initiated a separation of the physical and psychological...

Splawn, Clay Davis

2012-06-07

393

Muslim identity and Islamic faith in Sarajevo.  

E-print Network

find expression in Muslim religious life. Thus male death rituals assert Bosnian Muslims' identity as members of the Islamic Umma, whilst mortuary rites performed by women are seen as distinguishing Muslims from their non-Muslim neighbours...

Sorabji, Cornelia

394

Identity, gender, and subjective well-being.  

PubMed

Using the self-reported level of happiness as a measure of subjective well-being, this study examines the relationship between gender identity and subjective well-being with data from Taiwan. The findings suggest that an individual's perceptions about the ideals of women's gender roles in the labor market, the family, and politics are strongly related to his or her assigned social category, the prescriptions and characteristics associated with the social category, and the actions taken to match the ideals of gender identity. Consistent with Akerlof and Kranton's (2000) identity model, it is also found that an individual's gains or losses in gender identity lead to increases or decreases in the level of happiness. PMID:21542199

Chang, Wen-Chun

2011-01-01

395

Psychiatry's identity crisis: a critical rational remedy.  

PubMed

Psychiatry has several partial identities reflecting its biologic, psychoanalytic, and social subspecialities. It has, however, no encompassing professional identity. This identity requires three features: (a) a common language and procedure for assessing psychopathology, (b) a common method for evaluation and use of knowledge from outside psychiatry, and (c) a common set of values regarding clinical and research activities. The authors discuss the clinical, biologic, and sociocultural psychiatric traditions to identify the roots and consequences of psychiatry's fragmented state. Psychiatry's identity problems cannot be solved by ignoring them or simply becoming more "medical." Rather, the authors propose a remedy--critical rationality--to help resolve the crisis. Critical rationality requires a discimplined approach to psychiatric knowledge that underscores the necessity of methodologic rigor, practicality, and mid-range theorizing (rationality); and the equal necessity for systematic self-criticism, reform, self-awareness, and attention to the ethical dimensions in teaching, practice, and research (critical). PMID:499787

Manschreck, T C; Kleinman, A M

1979-07-01

396

Identity work and control in occupational communities  

E-print Network

This chapter is about three highly intertwined concepts. The first concerns occupational communities and the work cultures they nourish. The second concerns the work identities that are valued (and devalued) in such ...

Van Maanen, John

397

Identity Theft in Community Mental Health Patients  

PubMed Central

Identity theft is a serious problem in the United States, and persons with enduring mental illnesses may be particularly vulnerable to becoming victims of this crime. Victims of identity theft experience a variety of consequences that include financial loss and serious emotional distress. Little is known about the impact of identity theft on individuals with mental illnesses. The two cases from a community mental health center presented in this article demonstrate many of the facets that may be associated with an increased risk for becoming the victim of identity theft. A summary of preventive steps as well as steps involved in resolving the crime once one has become a victim are presented. PMID:20806029

Klopp, Jonathon; Konrad, Shane; Yanofski, Jason

2007-01-01

398

Kindergarten Teachers: Working through Our Identity Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the reasons why kindergarten teachers have an "identity crisis" and have come to be in professional limbo in terms of their historical roots, educational background and training, and certification procedures. (BB)

Granucci, Pamela Lesiak

1990-01-01

399

Nation et identite (Nation and Identity).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As illustrated in media articles, France is in a political, ideological, and cultural identity crisis. Events within and outside Europe and world migration patterns have worked together to create a confusion of national role, destiny, citizenry, and traditional institutions. (MSE)

Kimmel, Alain

1991-01-01

400

Hartmann's vision. Identical twins and developmental organizations.  

PubMed

This paper looks back some sixty years to Hartmann's study of identical twins. Examined from the vantage point of our own contemporary investigation of twins, Hartmann's work reveals unusual vision and contains valuable hypotheses. PMID:7809302

Abrams, S; Neubauer, P B

1994-01-01

401

AI Technologies to Defeat Identity Theft Vulnerabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

When a large number of citizens are at risk to identity theft, national security and economic prosperity are threatened. This work shows that thousands of Americans are at such risk, and introduces technology, named \\

Latanya Sweeney

402

Proofs of Vector Identities Using Tensors  

E-print Network

The vector algebra and calculus are frequently used in many branches of Physics, for example, classical mechanics, electromagnetic theory, Astrophysics, Spectroscopy, etc. Important vector identities with the help of Levi-Civita symbols and Kronecker delta tensor are proved and presented in this paper. Some of the identities have been proved using Levi-Civita Symbols by other mathematicians and Physicists. The rests are presented for the first time. The derivations are of interest for both graduate and undergraduate students.

Zaheer Uddin; Intikhab Ulfat

2014-06-11

403

Proofs of Vector Identities Using Tensors  

E-print Network

The vector algebra and calculus are frequently used in many branches of Physics, for example, classical mechanics, electromagnetic theory, Astrophysics, Spectroscopy, etc. Important vector identities with the help of Levi-Civita symbols and Kronecker delta tensor are proved and presented in this paper. Some of the identities have been proved using Levi-Civita Symbols by other mathematicians and Physicists. The rests are presented for the first time. The derivations are of interest for both graduate and undergraduate students.

Uddin, Zaheer

2014-01-01

404

Recombinant Identities: Biometrics and Narrative Bioethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, there has been a growing interest in finding stronger means of securitising identity against the various\\u000a risks presented by the mobile globalised world. Biometric technology has featured quite prominently on the policy and security\\u000a agenda of many countries. It is being promoted as the solution du jour for protecting and managing the uniqueness of identity\\u000a in order

Btihaj Ajana

2010-01-01

405

Identity Development Among Sexual-Minority Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a \\u000a Sexual identity is the name and meaning individuals assign to themselves based on the most salient sexual aspects of their life – such as\\u000a sexual attractions, fantasies, desires, and behaviors. Sexual identities usually fall within existing social categories, such\\u000a as straight, bisexual, or lesbian\\/gay, and are historically and culturally specific. Youth in today’s cohort have expanded\\u000a the list of sexual

Ritch C. Savin-Williams

406

Interactions between Brand Identity and Shape Rules  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Brand and the maintenance of brand identity are key drivers in consumer product development activities. This paper aims to\\u000a give early results of research that sits between marketing and shape computation technologies. An initial review of brand\\u000a identity from a marketing perspective is presented along with an analysis from student designers in identifying brand characteristics\\u000a of consumer products. Results of

Rosidah Jaafar; Alison McKay; Alan de Pennington; Hau Hing Chau

407

Weak identities, phantom maps and H -spaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

For a pointed spaceX, let Aut(X) be the group of pointed homotopy classes of pointed self-homotopy equivalences ofX and let WI(X) be the normal subgroup of Aut(X) consisting of weak identities, that is, elements represented by maps weakly homotopic to the identity map. IfX is a path-connected CW-space satisfying certain finiteness conditions, then the author has shown elsewhere that the

Joseph Roitberg

1989-01-01

408

21A.226 Ethnic and National Identity, Spring 2005  

E-print Network

This course is an introduction to the cross-cultural study of ethnic and national identity. We examine the concept of social identity, consider how gender, religious and racial identity components interact with ethnic and ...

Jackson, Jean

409

21A.226 Ethnic and National Identity, Fall 2009  

E-print Network

An introduction to the cross-cultural study of ethnic and national identity. We examine the concept of social identity, and consider the ways in which gendered, linguistic, religious, and ethno-racial identity components ...

Jackson, Jean

410

Answers to Your Questions about Transgender Individuals and Gender Identity  

MedlinePLUS

... gender identity and gender expression. What is the relationship between gender identity and sexual orientation? Gender identity and same. Sexual orientation refers to an individual’s enduring physical, romantic, and/or emotional attraction to another person, whereas ...

411

Policy #3011 Identity Theft Protection Program 1 OLD DOMINION UNIVERSITY  

E-print Network

Policy #3011 ­ Identity Theft Protection Program 1 OLD DOMINION UNIVERSITY University Policy Policy #3011 IDENTITY THEFT PROTECTION PROGRAM Responsible Oversight Executive: Vice President of this policy is to develop an Identity Theft Prevention Program (hereinafter referred to as "Program

412

AAS 372: African American Identity Guidelines for Writing Assignments  

E-print Network

African American cultures; identity issues of "mixed-race" people; the effect of media stereotypes aboutAAS 372: African American Identity Guidelines for Writing Assignments General Overview African Americans on their identity; reasons why mos

Vonessen, Nikolaus

413

Communication and group identity in a public goods dilemma  

E-print Network

did not differ between levels of group identity, and rio interaction occurred between communication and group identity. Results support Kerr and Kaufman-Gilliland's (1994) position that commitments, rather than group identity, explain communication...

Thomas, Laura Echerd

2012-06-07

414

12 CFR 614.4960 - Notice of servicer's identity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Notice of servicer's identity. 614.4960 Section 614.4960...614.4960 Notice of servicer's identity. (a) Notice requirement...Director's designee) in writing of the identity of the servicer of the loan. The...

2010-01-01

415

17 CFR 201.65 - Identity and signature.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Identity and signature. 201.65 Section...Exchange Act of 1934 § 201.65 Identity and signature. Applications pursuant to this subpart may omit the identity, mailing address, and...

2010-04-01

416

Identity Crises and Strong Compactness II: Strong Cardinals  

E-print Network

the general field of "identity crisis studies", there has been additional, extensive resear* *ch done Identity Crises and Strong Compactness II: Strong Cardinals of Magidor, that the class of strongly compact cardinals can assume yet another identity. Specifically, we

Cummings, James

417

Converging identities: dimensions of acculturation and personal identity status among immigrant college students.  

PubMed

The present study was designed to ascertain the extent to which dimensions of acculturation would differ across personal identity statuses in a sample of 2,411 first- and second-generation, immigrant, college-attending emerging adults. Participants from 30 colleges and universities around the United States completed measures of personal identity processes, as well as of heritage and American cultural practices, values, and identifications. Cluster-analytic procedures were used to classify participants into personal identity statuses based on the personal identity processes. Results indicated that, across ethnic groups, individuals in the achieved and searching moratorium statuses reported the greatest endorsement of heritage and American cultural practices, values, and identifications; and individuals in the carefree diffusion status reported the lowest endorsement of all the cultural variables under study. These results are discussed in terms of the convergence between personal identity and cultural identity processes. PMID:23148900

Schwartz, Seth J; Kim, Su Yeong; Whitbourne, Susan Krauss; Zamboanga, Byron L; Weisskirch, Robert S; Forthun, Larry F; Vazsonyi, Alexander T; Beyers, Wim; Luyckx, Koen

2013-04-01

418

Characteristics of place identity as part of professional identity development among pre-service teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

How do pre-service teachers perceive place identity, and is there a connection between their formative place identity and the development of their professional teaching identity? These questions are probed among pre-service teachers who participated in a course titled "Integrating Nature into Preschool." The design of the course was based on a multidimensional teaching model that yields a matrix of students' perceptions and the practical aspects derived from them as the students undergo a range of experiences in the course of an academic year. The profile of perceptions uses a mixed-methods analysis that presents statements attesting to four indicators of place identity: familiarity, belonging, involvement, and meaningfulness. These indicators point to a broad spectrum of perceptions arrayed on a continual time axes as well as differences in perception and its complexity. A connection between the development of place identity and that of professional teaching identity is found.

Gross, Michal; Hochberg, Nurit

2014-10-01

419

The Sexual Domain of Identity: Sexual Statuses of Identity in Relation to Psychosocial Sexual Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sexual identity has been substantially underinvestigated relative to other aspects of identity. The purpose of this study was to document the relationship between sexual psychosocial maturity, positive sexual self-concepts, and effective sexual decision-making\\/coping styles with the identity processes that college students choose to use in defining their sexual self. Participants in the study were 275 undergraduate male and female students

Sally L. Archer; Jeremy A. Grey

2009-01-01

420

Effects of varying inertial load on human wrist movement  

E-print Network

To study natural wrist movements in human subjects, a magnetic motion sensing system was employed to document unimpeded motion. Three identical bottles of different weights were designed as handles to provide a wide range ...

Kai, Lauren C. (Lauren Catherine)

2005-01-01

421

PI CONTROLLERS PERFORMANCES FOR A PROCESS MODEL WITH VARYING DELAY  

E-print Network

.petit@ensmp.fr Keywords: Process Control; Delay systems; Varying delay; PI controllers; Smith Predictor. Abstract Varying with all others, including Smith predictors, when the delay variation is not known. 1 Introduction In spite

422

Identical synchronization in chaotic jerk dynamical systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It has been recently investigated that the jerk dynamical systems are the simplest ever systems, which possess variety of dynamical behaviors including chaotic motion. Interestingly, the jerk dynamical systems also describe various phenomena in physics and engineering such as electrical circuits, mechanical oscillators, laser physics, solar wind driven magnetosphere ionosphere (WINDMI) model, damped harmonic oscillator driven by nonlinear memory term, biological systems etc. In many practical situations chaos is undesirable phenomenon, which may lead to irregular operations in physical systems. Thus from a practical point of view, one would like to convert chaotic solutions into periodic limit cycle or fixed point solutions. On the other hand, there has been growing interest to use chaos profitably by synchronizing chaotic systems due to its potential applications in secure communication. In this paper, we have made a thorough investigation of synchronization of identical chaotic jerk dynamical systems by implementing three well-known techniques: (i) Pecora-Carroll (PC) technique, (ii) Feedback (FB) technique and (iii) Active Passive decomposition (APD). We have given a detailed review of these techniques followed by the results of our investigations of identical synchronization of chaos in jerk dynamical systems. The stability of identical synchronization in all the aforesaid methods has also been discussed through the transversal stability analysis. Our extensive numerical calculation results reveal that in PC and FB techniques the x-drive configuration is able to produce the stable identical synchronization in all the chaotic jerk dynamical systems considered by us (except for a few cases), however y-drive and z-drive configurations do not lead to the stable identical synchronization. For the APD approach, we have suggested a generalized active passive decomposition, which leads to the stable identical synchronization without being bothered about the specific form of the jerk dynamical system. Several other active passive decompositions have also been listed with their corresponding conditional Lyapunov exponents to achieve the stable identical synchronization in various chaotic jerk dynamical systems.

Patidar, Vinod; Sud, K. K.

2006-06-01

423

Comparison of Linear Microinstability Calculations of Varying Input Realism  

SciTech Connect

The effect of varying ''input realism'' or varying completeness of the input data for linear microinstability calculations, in particular on the critical value of the ion temperature gradient for the ion temperature gradient mode, is investigated using gyrokinetic and gyrofluid approaches. The calculations show that varying input realism can have a substantial quantitative effect on the results.

G. Rewoldt

2003-09-08

424

Psychotherapists' spiritual, religious, atheist or agnostic identity and their practice of psychotherapy: a grounded theory study.  

PubMed

In this present grounded theory study, 16 experienced psychologists, who practiced from varied theoretical orientations and came from diverse religious/spiritual/nonreligious backgrounds, explored their personal religious/spiritual/nonreligious identity development journeys, their experiences with clients' religious/spiritual content in psychotherapy sessions, and how their identity may have influenced the way they interacted with religious/spiritual material during sessions. Results revealed that psychologists' spiritual/religious/nonreligious identity is conflicted and complex and that their academic and clinical training did not provide sufficient opportunity to examine how this may affect their therapeutic work. A tentative grounded theory emerged suggesting that psychologists both identified with and were activated by clients' spiritual/religious conflicts and their internal experiences about the spiritual/religious content, both of which presented significant challenges to therapeutic work. PMID:21480053

Magaldi-Dopman, Danielle; Park-Taylor, Jennie; Ponterotto, Joseph G

2011-05-01

425

Genes, genomes and identity. Projections on matter.  

PubMed

This paper aims to show that references to genes and genomes are counterproductive in legal and political understandings of what it is to be human and a unique individual. To support this claim, I will give a brief overview of the many incompatible meanings the term 'identity' has gathered in reference to genes or genome in the contexts of biology and family ancestry, personal identity, species identity. One finds various and incompatible understandings of these expressions. While genetics is usually considered to deliver definitive knowledge about history and the future, genomics seems to work with more complicated relations between DNA, inheritance and phenotype. In genomics, 'identity' is no longer about identification and status markers but about individualization. Regulatory and legal documents project from traits to genomes, implying that individuality is at least represented, if not created, in a unique genome. Boundaries between humans and other animals, between different 'kinds' of humans, and between all individual humans are re-established via reference to the chemical matter of DNA. My analysis will show how this trend is a reactionary response to modern understandings of identities as social products and that it ignores new biomedical understandings of human bodies. PMID:15828152

Hauskeller, Christine

2004-12-01

426

Title - Morphication of Identity in Northeast India: The Case of Tai-Ahom Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethnicity and ethnic identity are variously featured and open up possibilities for reader\\/observer centric, community centric and group centric negotiations. The North-East Indian state of Assam, bordering China, Myanmar, Bangladesh and Nepal offers classic cases of identity struggle as it is full of myriad of ethnic groups. The ethnic group called \\

Hemanta Kumar Nath

427

Sex and Gender are Different: Sexual Identity and Gender Identity are Different  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article attempts to enhance understanding and communication about different sexual issues. It starts by offering definitions to common terms such as sex, gender, gender identity and sexual identity. Alternate ways to discuss one’s sexual attractions are also presented. Terms are defined or redefined and examples given of their preferred use in different clinical situations, including those associated with children.

Milton Diamond

2002-01-01

428

The Relationships among Caregiver and Adolescent Identity Status, Identity Distress and Psychological Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study addresses the relationships of caregiver identity status on their adolescent children's identity distress and psychological symptom severity among a sample of adolescents (age 12-19) in treatment at a community mental health center (N = 60 caregiver-child dyads). A significant proportion of caregivers (10%) and their adolescent…

Wiley, Rachel E.; Berman, Steven L.

2012-01-01

429

Making Meanings, Meaning Identity: Hmong Adolescent Perceptions and Use of Language and Style as Identity Symbols  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using qualitative interview data gathered from 28 Hmong adolescents, we examined the meaning ascribed to language and style and how language and style behaviors are used to distinguish identity. We found that the participants used language and style to define their own ethnic group membership and cultural identities. Moreover they inferred meaning…

Nguyen, Jacqueline; Brown, B. Bradford

2010-01-01

430

Ethnic Identity in Everyday Life: The Influence of Identity Development Status  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study explores the intersection of ethnic identity development and significance in a sample of 354 diverse adolescents (mean age 14). Adolescents completed surveys five times a day for 1 week. Cluster analyses revealed four identity clusters: diffused, foreclosed, moratorium, and achieved. Achieved adolescents reported the highest…

Yip, Tiffany

2014-01-01

431

Implications of Ethnic Identity Exploration and Ethnic Identity Affirmation and Belonging for Intergroup Attitudes among Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present paper develops and tests two temporal models of the relationships among adolescents' ethnic identity exploration, ethnic identity affirmation and belonging, and attitudes toward their racial/ethnic ingroup and outgroups. Structural equation models for Euro-Americans, Asian Americans, and Latinos revealed that all hypothesized…

Whitehead, Kevin A.; Ainsworth, Andrew T.; Wittig, Michele A.; Gadino, Brandy

2009-01-01

432

Reconceptualising "Identity Slippage": Additional Language Learning and (L2) Identity Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reconsiders the theoretical concept of "identity slippage" by considering a detailed exegesis of three model conversations taught to learners of Japanese as an additional language. To inform my analysis of these conversations and how they contribute to identity slippage, I have used the work of the systemic-functional linguist Jay Lemke…

Armour, William

2009-01-01

433

Cricket's regional identities: the development of cricket and identity in Yorkshire and Surrey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cricket literature, and that of English society generally, has attributed almost diametrically opposite regional identities to the counties, players and supporters of Yorkshire and Surrey County Cricket Clubs. This essay aims to reveal the causal factors in the development of these identities, establish the extent to which they are ‘real’ or ‘imagined’ and discover if the stereotypes presented have any

Duncan Stone

2008-01-01

434

SEXUAL IDENTITY DEVELOPMENT: THE INFLUENCE OF VALUATIVE FRAMEWORKS ON IDENTITY SYNTHESIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many models of sexual identity development have emerged amidst a growing interest in gay and lesbian studies. There has also been an increased interest in understanding religion and related valuative frameworks and the impact that these have on all facets of life. The purpose of this article is to examine the influence of valuative frameworks on sexual identity development and

Mark A. Yarhouse

2001-01-01

435

Religious Identity and Cultural Diversity: Exploring the Relationships between Religious Identity, Sexism, Homophobia, and Multicultural Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors present the results from a national study investigating the relationships between religious identity, sexism, homophobia, and multicultural competence. Participants were 111 randomly sampled counseling professionals and graduate students. The results indicated a relationship between religious identity and various…

Balkin, Richard S.; Schlosser, Lewis Z.; Levitt, Dana Heller

2009-01-01

436

Elusive Culture: Schooling, Race, and Identity in Global Times. SUNY Series, Identities in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores questions of identity and culture in an urban high school in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It draws on personal observations, conversations with teachers and students, experimental work in drama, use of video, and student writings to show how race and identity are negotiated among the diverse students of a high school that…

Yon, Daniel A.

437

Identity in Science Learning: Exploring the Attention Given to Agency and Structure in Studies of Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the ways in which the concept of identity has been conceptualised and studied within science education. The Personality and Social Structure Perspective is used to examine the attention paid by researchers to three levels of identity analysis: "personality", "interaction" and "social structure". Tracing the development of…

Shanahan, Marie-Claire

2009-01-01

438

Uncovering Visitor Identity: A Citywide Utilization of the Falk Visitor-Identity Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In his book, "Identity and the Museum Visitor Experience," John Falk makes the case that by understanding the underlying motivations that drive a visitor, a museum can create an experience that reflects a person's identity and therefore satisfy their motivation for visiting. According to Falk, this level of personal connection increases…

Trainer, Laureen; Steele-Inama, Marley; Christopher, Amber

2012-01-01

439

Ratings of Essentialism for Eight Religious Identities  

PubMed Central

As a social identity, religion is unique because it contains a spectrum of choice. In some religious communities, individuals are considered members by virtue of having parents of that background, and religion, culture, and ethnicity are closely intertwined. Other faith communities actively invite people of other backgrounds to join, expecting individuals to choose the religion that best fits their personal beliefs. These various methods of identification influence beliefs about the essentialist nature of religious identity. Essentialism is when social groups are considered to have deep, immutable, and inherent defining properties. In this study, college students (N=55) provided ratings of essentialism for eight religious identities: Atheist, Buddhist, Catholic, Hindu, Jewish, Muslim, Protestant, and Spiritual-but-not-religious. Significant differences in essentialism were found between the target groups. Results and implications for intergroup relations are discussed. PMID:21572550

Toosi, Negin R.; Ambady, Nalini

2010-01-01

440

Identity development in adolescents with mental problems  

PubMed Central

Background In the revision of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5), “Identity” is an essential diagnostic criterion for personality disorders (self-related personality functioning) in the alternative approach to the diagnosis of personality disorders in Section III of DSM-5. Integrating a broad range of established identity concepts, AIDA (Assessment of Identity Development in Adolescence) is a new questionnaire to assess pathology-related identity development in healthy and disturbed adolescents aged 12 to 18 years. Aim of the present study is to investigate differences in identity development between adolescents with different psychiatric diagnoses. Methods Participants were 86 adolescent psychiatric in- and outpatients aged 12 to 18 years. The test set includes the questionnaire AIDA and two semi-structured psychiatric interviews (SCID-II, K-DIPS). The patients were assigned to three diagnostic groups (personality disorders, internalizing disorders, externalizing disorders). Differences were analyzed by multivariate analysis of variance MANOVA. Results In line with our hypotheses, patients with personality disorders showed the highest scores in all AIDA scales with T>70. Patients with externalizing disorders showed scores in an average range compared to population norms, while patients with internalizing disorders lay in between with scores around T=60. The AIDA total score was highly significant between the groups with a remarkable effect size of f= 0.44. Conclusion Impairment of identity development differs between adolescent patients with different forms of mental disorders. The AIDA questionnaire is able to discriminate between these groups. This may help to improve assessment and treatment of adolescents with severe psychiatric problems. PMID:23899433

2013-01-01

441

Automated Privacy Audits to Complement the Notion of Control for Identity Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Identity management systems are indispensable in modern networked computing, as they equip data providers with key techniques\\u000a to avoid the imminent privacy threats intrinsic to such environments. Their rationale is to convey data providers with a sense\\u000a of control over the disclosure and usage of personal data to varying degree, so that they can take an active role in protecting

Rafael Accorsi

442

THE CHANGING FACE OF THE U.S. GRAIN SYSTEM: DIFFERENTIATION AND IDENTITY PRESERVATION TRENDS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report examines current trends in the U.S. grain industry. Many identity preservation(IP) grain systems have emerged recently, driven by a confluence of supply and demand factors. IP grain requirements for specific production protocols, marketing channels, and quality assurance depend on whether the crops are trait-specific, non-GM (genetically modified), organic, or pharmaceutical. Cost structures vary according to the relative importance

Aziz Elbehri

2007-01-01

443

Religiosity as identity: toward an understanding of religion from a social identity perspective.  

PubMed

As a social identity anchored in a system of guiding beliefs and symbols, religion ought to serve a uniquely powerful function in shaping psychological and social processes. Religious identification offers a distinctive "sacred" worldview and "eternal" group membership, unmatched by identification with other social groups. Thus, religiosity might be explained, at least partially, by the marked cognitive and emotional value that religious group membership provides. The uniqueness of a positive social group, grounded in a belief system that offers epistemological and ontological certainty, lends religious identity a twofold advantage for the promotion of well-being. However, that uniqueness may have equally negative impacts when religious identity itself is threatened through intergroup conflict. Such consequences are illustrated by an examination of identities ranging from religious fundamentalism to atheism. Consideration of religion's dual function as a social identity and a belief system may facilitate greater understanding of the variability in its importance across individuals and groups. PMID:20089847

Ysseldyk, Renate; Matheson, Kimberly; Anisman, Hymie

2010-02-01

444

Biracial Identity Development and Recommendations in Therapy  

PubMed Central

Identity development is an important area with which therapists who work with children should be familiar. The number of biracial children in the United States is increasing, and although this may not be the reason that a child presents for therapy, it is an area that often should be explored. This article will review the similarities and differences between Black and White racial identity development in the United States and address special challenges for the biracial child. Recommendations for treatment in therapy are reviewed. PMID:19724716

Hud-Aleem, Raushanah; Countryman, Jacqueline

2008-01-01

445

Teacher Educators' Identity: A Review of Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research suggests that the development of a teacher educator identity is a central process in becoming a teacher educator. Recently, there has been an increasing interest in the concept of teacher identity. However, teacher educator identity seems to be still under-researched. In this article, a review of literature on teacher educator identity is…

Izadinia, Mahsa

2014-01-01

446

Feminist Identity Development Measures: Comparing the Psychometrics of Three Instruments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reliability and validity of three current instruments (Feminist Identity Scale [FIS], Feminist Identity Development Scale [FIDS]J Feminist Identity Composite [FIC]) used to operationalize Downing and Roush's model of feminist identity development were compared. A sample of 245 women completed all three instruments, and a separate sample of 35…

Moradi, Bonnie; Subich, Linda Mezydlo

2002-01-01

447

Different Schools as Narrative Communities: Identity Narratives in Threefold  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The last decade identity is often and very fruitfully conceptualized as "narrative identity." Neither for individuals nor for groups is identity a given beforehand anymore. On the contrary, identity has to be constructed in an inductive way continuously. Three qualitative research methods are applied to explore in an inductive way the school's…

ter Avest, Ina; Bakker, Cok; Miedema, Siebren

2008-01-01

448

Youth identity ownership from a fashion marketing perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the influence that marketing has on teenagers and their development of identity and question the ethical implications of this influence. It aims to explore the extrinsic identity and the intrinsic identity using Erikson's model of identity versus role confusion; to identify passive and active personality types within adolescents; and to

Tracy Diane Cassidy; Hannah van Schijndel

2011-01-01

449

Racial-Ethnic Identity and Adjustment in Canadian Indigenous Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study supported associations between three theoretically driven conceptualizations of racial and ethnic identity (REI; Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure; Multidimensional Racial Identity Measure; Bicultural Identity Measure) and with adaptive functioning among Canadian indigenous adolescents in middle school to high school. Age differences…

Gfellner, Barbara M.; Armstrong, Helen D.

2013-01-01

450

Economic Tussles in Federated Identity Management Susan Landau  

E-print Network

2001, industry began developing federated identity systems for "single sign-on" online identity was developing set of open specifications for online single-sign on and identity federation. The Liberty workEconomic Tussles in Federated Identity Management Susan Landau Radcliffe Institute for Advanced

Landau, Susan

451

Sexual Identity Development Among Ethnic Sexual-Minority Male Youths  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current research explores how ethnicity influences sexual identity development. Among 139 sexual-minority male youths, measures of sexual identity development assessed the timing and sequencing of developmental milestones, disclosure of sexual identity to others, internalized homophobia, and same- and opposite-sex relationship histories. Findings demonstrated that participants, regardless of ethnicity, experienced most identity milestones at developmentally appropriate ages, had moderately low

Eric M. Dubé; Ritch C. Savin-Williams

1999-01-01

452

Comparing Gay Identity Development Theory to Cognitive Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between gay identity development and cognitive development, as outlined by Ivey's Developmental Counseling Therapy Model, was explored. The Gay Identity Questionnaire and the Standard Developmental Counseling Interview were administered to 78 gay men. Results suggested that there is a relationship between gay identity development and cognitive development. In addition, the findings provide evidence that gay identity development can

John F. Marszalek III; Craig S. Cashwell; Merrily S. Dunn; Katherine Heard Jones

2004-01-01

453

Feminist Identity Development Measures: Comparing the Psychometrics of Three Instruments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reliability and validity of three current instruments (Feminist Identity Scale (FIS), Femi- nist Identity Development Scale (FIDS), Feminist Identity Composite (FIC)) used to operationalize Downing and Roush's model of feminist identity development were com- pared. A sample of 245 women completed all three instruments, and a separate sample of 35 women repeated them over a 2-week interval. Only the FIC

Bonnie Moradi; L. M. Subich

2002-01-01

454

Identity-Based Mediated RSA , Xuhua Ding2  

E-print Network

-to-one mapping between identities and public keys. Thus, identity-based cryptography greatly reduces the need forIdentity-Based Mediated RSA Dan Boneh1 , Xuhua Ding2 , and Gene Tsudik2 1 Computer Science, University of California, Irvine. Email: {xhding,gts}@ics.uci.edu Abstract. Identity-based encryption (IBE

Ding, Xuhua

455

Identity Management Architecture Uwe Glasser and Mona Vajihollahi  

E-print Network

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 3.2 Mapping partial identities to identities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 3.3 EvolutionIdentity Management Architecture Uwe Gl¨asser and Mona Vajihollahi Software Technology Lab School of Computing Science Simon Fraser University, Canada {glaesser/monav}@cs.sfu.ca February 2008 Abstract Identity

Zhang, Richard "Hao"

456

Exploring the Positional Identities of High School Science Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The identity of the teacher has been determined to influence classroom practices. Positional identity is defined as one's perception of self relative to others. This qualitative research study investigates the positional identity of five high school science teachers of different ethnicities and how their positional identities influence their…

Blackwell, Edith Lavonne

2012-01-01

457

Investigating Projective Identity Trajectories for 21st Century Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors discuss the importance of studying identity in the context of 21st century learning. Identity is an evolving trajectory that is always in-flux or changing. In a fast changing 21st century, educators are recognizing the significance of identity work, in particular projective identity, as individuals participate in…

Hung, David; Jamaludin, Azilawati; Chen, Der-Thanq

2010-01-01

458

CLAIMS-BASED IDENTITY FOR TECHNOLOGIES AND SCENARIOS  

E-print Network

............................................................ 10 Windows Live ID ................................................................................ 20 Allowing Logins with Facebook, Google, and Other Cloud Identity Providers

Narasayya, Vivek

459

Identity Education: A Conceptual Framework for Educational Researchers and Practitioners  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents the concept of identity education (IdEd) referring to the purposeful involvement of educators with students’ identity-related processes or contents. We discuss why educators may consider identity important to the realization of educational goals and choose to target aspects of students’ identity in their pedagogical practice. We offer a broad theoretical framework that organizes and focuses the extensive

ELLI P. SCHACHTER; YISRAEL RICH

2011-01-01

460

Discourse, Identity, and “Homeland as Other” at the Borderlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

A critical reading of the relationships between social identity theory and the shifting national identities of immigrants residing in a borderland region illustrates the processes involved in linking identity construction, international migration, and context. This spatially grounded discursive study builds on the notion that identities are constructed not only as attachments to particular places or nations, and an eagerness to

Susan W. Hardwick; Ginger Mansfield

2009-01-01

461

Memory of myself: Autobiographical memory and identity in Alzheimer's disease  

E-print Network

Memory of myself: Autobiographical memory and identity in Alzheimer's disease Donna Rose Addis autobiographical memory and identity. To test this we assessed the status of autobiographical memory and identity degree of autobiographical memory impairment was associated with changes in identity. Two tests

Addis, Donna Rose

462

Racial and Ethnic Identity. Psychological Development and Creative Expression.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Racial and ethnic identity must be understood as an important determinant of the creative process and social dynamics, as well as understood as individual psychology. This collection of papers examines identity issues in the following chapters: (1) "Roots and Routes: Black Identity as an Outernational Project" (Paul Gilroy); (2) "Identity as…

Harris, Herbert W., Ed.; And Others

463

Creating sustainable identities: the significance of the financially affluent self  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses identity theory and postmodern identity perspectives to analyse why high-income groups often have values, attitudes and intentions to consume sustainably, yet tend to have the highest energy consumption of any group. Two key arguments are presented. The first is that the affluent identity is opposed to the environmentalist identity and is more salient, desirable and likely to

Victoria Hurth

2010-01-01

464

Effects of species evenness and dominant species identity on multiple ecosystem functions in model grassland communities.  

PubMed

Ecosystems provide multiple services upon which humans depend. Understanding the drivers of the ecosystem functions that support these services is therefore important. Much research has investigated how species richness influences functioning, but we lack knowledge of how other community attributes affect ecosystem functioning. Species evenness, species spatial arrangement, and the identity of dominant species are three attributes that could affect ecosystem functioning, by altering the relative abundance of functional traits and the probability of synergistic species interactions such as facilitation and complementary resource use. We tested the effect of these three community attributes and their interactions on ecosystem functions over a growing season, using model grassland communities consisting of three plant species from three functional groups: a grass (Anthoxanthum odoratum), a forb (Plantago lanceolata), and a N-fixing forb (Lotus corniculatus). We measured multiple ecosystem functions that support ecosystem services, including ecosystem gas exchange, water retention, C and N loss in leachates, and plant biomass production. Species evenness and dominant species identity strongly influenced the ecosystem functions measured, but spatial arrangement had few effects. By the end of the growing season, evenness consistently enhanced ecosystem functioning and this effect occurred regardless of dominant species identity. The identity of the dominant species under which the highest level of functioning was attained varied across the growing season. Spatial arrangement had the weakest effect on functioning, but interacted with dominant species identity to affect some functions. Our results highlight the importance of understanding the role of multiple community attributes in driving ecosystem functioning. PMID:24213721

Orwin, Kate H; Ostle, Nick; Wilby, Andrew; Bardgett, Richard D

2014-03-01

465

Experimental insights on the effects of varying discharge on fluvial landscape evolution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

River floods are known to have large impacts on fluvial morphology as the capacity to carry water and rework sediment during these events is large. However, recent experimental findings are conflicting: some suggest that varying discharge contributes to a more single-thread pattern whereas others suggest that discharge variations cause multiple threads to be active, and yet others show no significant effect on the morphology. Our objective is to study the effect of varying discharge on experimental river patterns with otherwise similar conditions, and to quantitatively compare the resulting morphology and deposits. Our experiments were conducted in a flume of 10x6 meter, which was split up into two separate fluvial plains (each 10x3 m). Fluvial landscape evolution was recorded by high-resolution line-laser scanning and digital Single Lens Reflex (SLR) camera used for channel-floodplain segmentation and particle size estimation. The bed sediment consisted of a poorly sorted sediment mixture ranging from fine sand to fine gravel. First, a braided and meandering river pattern evolved for identical and constant boundary conditions, except that slightly cohesive silt-sized silica flour was added to the feed sediment of the meandering channel. A second set of experiments had an identical cycled discharge regime with a long-duration low flow and a short-duration high flow.The varying discharge largely affected the fluvial landscape by biasing the morphology towards the high flow conditions. This was reflected by an increase of the bar wave length with nearly a factor 2. Also, the depth of maximum erosion increased, which affects the preservation potential. The meandering and braided patterns responded differently to the floods. The noncohesive sediment combination with varying discharge results in a higher degree of braiding when compared to constant discharge. This was observed as a higher number of re-activating channels during high flow. In contrast, the silica flour acted as floodplain builder, which was more efficiently distributed during floods. As a result, the system with slightly cohesive sediment remained mostly confined to one migrating meandering channel that developed scroll bars, channel fills, splays and levees. We conclude that the response to varying discharge depends on the availability and cohesion of fine floodplain-forming sediment in combination with the potential of high flows to re-activate residual channels.

van de Lageweg, W. I.; van Dijk, W. M.; Kleinhans, M. G.

2012-04-01

466

Experimental insights on the effects of varying discharge on fluvial landscape evolution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

River floods are known to have large impacts on fluvial morphology as the capacity to carry water and rework sediment during these events is large. However, recent experimental findings are conflicting: some suggest that varying discharge contributes to a more single-thread pattern whereas others suggest that discharge variations cause multiple threads to be active, and yet others show no significant effect on the morphology. Our objective is to study the effect of varying discharge on experimental river patterns with otherwise similar conditions, and to quantitatively compare the resulting morphology and deposits. Our experiments were conducted in a flume of 10x6 meter, which was split up into two separate fluvial plains (each 10x3 m). Fluvial landscape evolution was recorded by high-resolution line-laser scanning and digital Single Lens Reflex (SLR) camera used for channel-floodplain segmentation and particle size estimation. The bed sediment consisted of a poorly sorted sediment mixture ranging from fine sand to fine gravel. First, a braided and meandering river pattern evolved for identical and constant boundary conditions, except that slightly cohesive silt-sized silica flour was added to the feed sediment of the meandering channel. A second set of experiments had an identical cycled discharge regime with a long-duration low flow and a short-duration high flow.The varying discharge largely affected the fluvial landscape by biasing the morphology towards the high flow conditions. This was reflected by an increase of the bar wave length with nearly a factor 2. Also, the depth of maximum erosion increased, which affects the preservation potential. The meandering and braided patterns responded differently to the floods. The noncohesive sediment combination with varying discharge results in a higher degree of braiding when compared to constant discharge. This was observed as a higher number of re-activating channels during high flow. In contrast, the silica flour acted as floodplain builder, which was more efficiently distributed during floods. As a result, the system with slightly cohesive sediment remained mostly confined to one migrating meandering channel that developed scroll bars, channel fills, splays and levees. We conclude that the response to varying discharge depends on the availability and cohesion of fine floodplain-forming sediment in combination with the potential of high flows to re-activate residual channels.

van de Lageweg, W. I.; Van Dijk, W. M.; Kleinhans, M. G.

2011-12-01

467

Profiles of British Muslim identity: adolescent girls in Birmingham.  

PubMed

By asking students to fill in 10 statements beginning with 'I am...' and a further 10 statements beginning with 'I am not...' we constructed profiles of British Muslim ethnic and national identity. Participants were 108 British Muslim girls of mean age 12.6 years studying in a single sex girls' school in Birmingham, UK. Using content analysis we found that some adolescent girls are rooted only in their personal identity. Others are rooted in their social identity. We found a number of major categories: rooted in ethnic identity only, rooted in ethnic identity but differentiating self from other groups, rooted in bicultural identity, rooted in national identity and confused ethnic and national identity. Significantly a number of participants were concerned to transcend group identities and described themselves as 'not racist' or 'not prejudiced'. A model of ethnic and national identity is presented incorporating rootedness, differentiation, confusion and transcendence. PMID:19683339

Hutnik, Nimmi; Street, Rebecca Coran

2010-02-01

468

Space, Scale and Languages: Identity Construction of Cross-Boundary Students in a Multilingual University in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on the notions of scale and space, this paper investigates identity construction among a group of mainland Chinese cross-boundary students by analysing their language choices and linguistic practices in a multilingual university in Hong Kong. The research illustrates how movement across spaces by these students produces varying index…

Gu, Mingyue Michelle; Tong, Ho Kin

2012-01-01

469

High School Religious Context and Reports of Same-Sex Attraction and Sexual Identity in Young Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objectives of this study are to understand the association between high school religious context in adolescence and the reporting of same-sex attraction and sexual identity in young adulthood and how these associations vary by gender. Previous studies have considered how high school contexts shape the well-being of sexual minority youth, yet…

Wilkinson, Lindsey; Pearson, Jennifer

2013-01-01

470

Colorless, Tasteless and Odorless? College Students' Perceptions of Their Racial and Ethnic Identities. Rural, Urban and Minority Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined perceptions of racial and ethnic identities held by 31 undergraduate students, including preservice teachers. Identified five primary themes: "whiteness" as invisible to whites; whites' belief that being non-white is a condition that can be overcome; varying perceptions of "race,""ethnicity," and "nationality"; whites' belief that culture…

Williams, Karen Cachevki; Okintunde, Omowale

2000-01-01

471

Big Five Personality Traits as the Predictors of Creative Self-Efficacy and Creative Personal Identity: Does Gender Matter?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to examine the relation of the Big Five personality factors to two self-concept variables of growing importance in creativity literature: creative self-efficacy (CSE) and creative personal identity (CPI). The analysis, conducted on a large (N = 2674, 49.6% women) and varied-in-age (15-59 years old) nationwide sample of…

Karwowski, Maciej; Lebuda, Izabela; Wisniewska, Ewa; Gralewski, Jacek

2013-01-01

472

M-Bonomial Coefficients and Their Identities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this note, we introduce M-bonomial coefficients or (M-bonacci binomial coefficients). These are similar to the binomial and the Fibonomial (or Fibonacci-binomial) coefficients and can be displayed in a triangle similar to Pascal's triangle from which some identities become obvious.

Asiru, Muniru A.

2010-01-01

473

Identity and influence in social interaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers studying argumentation often make the simplifying assumption that rational persuasion can be studied independently from the processes through which social identities are established and maintained. However, developments in the study of message design, particularly the groundbreaking work of Brown and Levinson (1978, 1987) on politeness, suggests that in practice the multiple functions of messages are intertwined in message structure

Barbara J. O'Keefe

1995-01-01

474

Seeking new identity through the empowerment process  

PubMed Central

Background: All health professionals are responsible for facilitating empowerment among people with diabetes. However, research suggests that health professionals do not have the knowledge and skills to help people with diabetes become empowered. As a result, many Iranian people with diabetes do not become empowered. The aim of the study was to explore and understand how empowerment occurs in Iranian people with diabetes. Materials and Methods: Grounded theory using individual open in-depth interviews, field notes, and memos was used to collect data from 25 people with diabetes, their families, and health professionals. Strauss and Corbin's constant comparative analysis was used to analyze the data. Findings: Empowerment is a transitional, perceptual, and continuous process. The process for people with diabetes includes threatened identity when diabetes is diagnosed, reconstructing identity, and integrating diabetes into identity to become an empowered person with diabetes. The empowerment process was influenced by a combination of knowledge, social support, values and beliefs, psychosocial issues, and the nature of diabetes. Conclusions: Health professionals can help people with diabetes integrate diabetes into their identity and become empowered; however, becoming empowered is complicated and occurs over time. PMID:24834083

Abdoli, Samereh; Ashktorab, Tahereh; Ahmadi, Fazlollah; Parvizy, Soroor; Dunning, Trisha

2014-01-01

475

Boffin and Geek Identities: Abject or Privileged?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High achievement, and in particular, the role of the academically diligent and successful "boffin" or "geek", are notably under-researched areas in the sociology of education. Issues around gender and other aspects of identity in relation to such pupils are particularly under-researched. In this Viewpoint article we draw on evidence from our…

Mendick, Heather; Francis, Becky

2012-01-01

476

Identity, Intersectionality, and Mixed-Methods Approaches  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author argues that current strategies to study and understand students' identities fall short of fully capturing their complexity. A multi-dimensional perspective and a mixed-methods approach can reveal nuance that is missed with current approaches. The author offers an illustration of how mixed-methods research can promote a…

Harper, Casandra E.

2011-01-01

477

Infusing Catholic Identity throughout the Campus Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article, originally presented as a plenary address at the Association of Catholic Colleges and Universities 2011 Annual Meeting, addresses a bottom-up methodology for infusing the spirit of Catholic identity more deeply throughout a campus community. The author begins with an exploration of some theoretical underpinnings of this approach and…

Miller, Amata

2011-01-01

478

Ethnicity and Identity in Northeastern Oklahoma.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The origins of the Oklahoma Delaware reflect a complex history of migration, forced relocation, and punitive concentration. Though 36 tribal identities survive today, they are not of equal cultural coherence. Among the Delaware, there is no simple relation between socioeconomic status, level of acculturation, and factional membership. Rather, the…

Roark, Sue N.

479

Neural Processing of Vocal Emotion and Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The voice is a marker of a person's identity which allows individual recognition even if the person is not in sight. Listening to a voice also affords inferences about the speaker's emotional state. Both these types of personal information are encoded in characteristic acoustic feature patterns analyzed within the auditory cortex. In the present…

Spreckelmeyer, Katja N.; Kutas, Marta; Urbach, Thomas; Altenmuller, Eckart; Munte, Thomas F.

2009-01-01

480

Boffin and geek identities: abject or privileged?  

Microsoft Academic Search

High achievement, and in particular, the role of the academically diligent and successful ‘boffin’ or ‘geek’, are notably under-researched areas in the sociology of education. Issues around gender and other aspects of identity in relation to such pupils are particularly under-researched. In this Viewpoint article we draw on evidence from our recent research projects including young people interpolated to, or

Heather Mendick; Becky Francis

2012-01-01

481

Boffin and geek identities: abject or privileged?  

Microsoft Academic Search

High achievement, and in particular, the role of the academically diligent and successful ‘boffin’ or ‘geek’, are notably under?researched areas in the sociology of education. Issues around gender and other aspects of identity in relation to such pupils are particularly under?researched. In this Viewpoint article we draw on evidence from our recent research projects including young people interpolated to, or

Heather Mendick; Becky Francis

2011-01-01

482

Liverpool 08 and the performativity of identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers how Liverpool's year of European Capital of Culture (ECoC) with a focus on altering the image and perceptions of place allowed a heightened sense of awareness of local identity. Drawing on data gathered through ethnographic approaches at a small?scale arts workshop in the city centre and through considering visual imagery, stereotypes and myths of the city, the

Louise Platt

2011-01-01

483

Teaching Sexual Identity Issues in ESL Classes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the importance of teaching issues related to sexual identity in English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) classrooms, highlighting lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered (LGBT) individuals. Though the paper focuses on postsecondary students, much of the material can apply to other settings with modification. The paper looks at the…

Vandrick, Stephanie

484

Social Identity Theories and Educational Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a large body of research in studies of schooling, particularly ethnographic case studies, which posits that collective action among students undermines engagement in school and contributes to educational inequality. In this paper I review studies of engagement from a social identity theory perspective. To what extent can collective action…

Kelly, Sean

2009-01-01

485

Developing People in Organizations: Working (on) Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years there has been significant growth in research that has considered the relationship between worker identity and learning at work. A key part of this relates to discussions of the 'newness' of various types of work manifested in discourses such as post-capitalism, post-bureaucracy and the new work order. On this basis, it is argued…

Rhodes, Carl; Scheeres, Hermine

2004-01-01

486

Itineraries of Identity in Undergraduate Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on recent linguistic-anthropological work that investigates the temporalities of educational processes, the article examines how a marginalized classroom identity is interactionally formed over time in an undergraduate chemistry laboratory. The analysis demonstrates how social marginalization is enacted along multiple temporal scales via…

Bucholtz, Mary; Barnwell, Brendan; Skapoulli, Elena; Lee, Jung-Eun Janie

2012-01-01

487

Adolescent Family Context and Adult Identity Formation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the links between adolescent family context and coming to see oneself as an adult. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, the authors investigate how adolescent family structure, resources, and processes together influence adult identity and whether they do so similarly for men and women. The…

Benson, Janel E.; Johnson, Monica Kirkpatrick

2009-01-01

488

Mission and Identity: The Role of Faculty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although Catholic universities face a number of challenges in an increasingly unsettled economy, the situation also provides significant opportunities for Catholic universities to highlight the central importance of their Catholic identity in order both to recover their deepest commitments and to realize an advantage in an increasingly competitive…

Briel, Don

2012-01-01

489

Cryptographic Techniques for Privacy Preserving Identity.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Currently, people have a limited range of choices in managing their identity online. They can use their real name or a long-term pseudonym, thereby lending context and credibility to information they publish but retaining no control over their privacy, or...

J. D. Bethencourt

2011-01-01

490

Identity, Dignity and Taboos: Beliefs as Assets  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyze social and economic phenomena involving beliefs which people value and invest in, for affective or functional reasons. Individuals are at times uncertain about their own 'deep values' and infer them from their past choices, which then come to define 'who they are'. Identity investments increase when information is scarce or when a greater endowment of some asset (wealth,

Roland Bénabou; Jean Tirole

2007-01-01

491

Fractured identities: injury and the balletic body  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social worlds shape human bodies and so it is inevitable that there are strong relationships between the body, professional dance and identity. In this article we draw on Bourdieu’s notions of habitus, and various forms of capital, as the main theoretical framework for our discussion. Our ethnography of the balletic body elicited dancers and ex-dancers’ perceptions of their bodies and

Steven P. Wainwright; Clare Williams; Bryan S. Turner

2005-01-01

492

Understanding Teenage Girls: Culture, Identity and Schooling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Understanding Teenage Girls: Culture, Identity and Schooling" focuses on a range of social phenomenon that impact the lives of adolescent females of color. The authors highlight the daily challenges that African-American, Chicana, and Puerto Rican teenage girls face with respect to peer and family influences, media stereotyping, body image,…

Hall, Horace R.; Brown-Thirston, Andrea

2011-01-01

493

Professional Identity Tensions of Beginning Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports on interviews with 24 beginning teachers about tensions they experienced regarding their professional identity. The interviewees reported a total of 59 tensions of tension that fell into three themes: (1) the change in role from student to teacher; (2) conflicts between desired and actual support given to students; and (3)…

Pillen, Marieke; Beijaard, Douwe; den Brok, Perry

2013-01-01

494

Toxicology as a nanoscience? – Disciplinary identities reconsidered  

PubMed Central

Toxicology is about to establish itself as a leading scientific discipline in addressing potential health effects of materials on the nanosize level. Entering into a cutting-edge field, has an impact on identity-building processes within the involved academic fields. In our study, we analyzed the ways in which the entry into the field of nanosciences impacts on the formation of disciplinary identities. Using the methods of qualitative interviews with particle toxicologists in Germany, Holland, Switzerland and the USA, we could demonstrate that currently, toxicology finds itself in a transitional phase. The development of its disciplinary identity is not yet clear. Nearly all of our interview partners stressed the necessity of repositioning toxicology. However, they each suggested different approaches. While one part is already propagandizing the establishment of a new discipline – 'nanotoxicology'- others are more reserved and are demanding a clear separation of traditional and new research areas. In phases of disciplinary new-orientation, research communities do not act consistently. Rather, they establish diverse options. By expanding its disciplinary boundaries, participating in new research fields, while continuing its previous research, and only vaguely defining its topics, toxicology is feeling its way into the new fields without giving up its present self-conception. However, the toxicological research community is also discussing a new disciplinary identity. Within this, toxicology could develop from an auxiliary into a constitutive position, and take over a basic role in the cognitive, institutional and social framing of the nanosciences. PMID:16646961

Kurath, Monika; Maasen, Sabine

2006-01-01

495

Disability and identity: the challenge of epilepsy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through examining the case of people with epilepsy (which, as we demonstrate, has an ambiguous status in relation to both popular and academic conceptions of disability) we explore the fluid, negotiable and contingent nature of identity and, in particular, the identification as ‘disabled’. Disability, we argue, cannot be reduced to either biology or social oppression, or even primarily to biological

Penny Rhodes; Andrew Nocon; Neil Small; John Wright

2008-01-01

496

Identity Status in High School Females.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Marcia's ego identity status index of Erikson's developmental stages was used to explore these stages and their correlates. Subjects were classified as Moratorium, Foreclosure, or Diffusion status according to their openness and commitment on future plans, religion and politics. Types were compared on social class, intellectual, and personality…

Raphael, Dennis

1978-01-01

497

Transnational academic mobility, knowledge, and identity capital  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article begins with the contemporary context of transnational academic mobility, and sketches a typology of mobile academics according to their self-identification. UK examples are offered as the main case study here. The article will then explore the relations of mobile academics and their embodied and encultured knowledge. It employs a concept of ‘transnational identity capital’ to discuss the position

Terri Kim

2010-01-01

498

Identity, Motivation and Autonomy in Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this volume researchers from Asia, Europe, the Middle East and North and South America employ a variety of theoretical perspectives and methodological approaches in their exploration of the links between identity, motivation, and autonomy in language learning. On a conceptual level the authors explore issues related to agency, metacognition,…

Lamb, Terry; Murray, Garold; Gao, Xuesong

2011-01-01

499

Immigrant Therapists’ Unresolved Identity Problems and Countertransference  

Microsoft Academic Search

The difficult task of identify formation is greatly complicated by immigration in childhood or adolescence. This paper shows how the unresolved identity problems stemming from their immigration to Israel in childhood or early adolescence of three young therapists, two from Ethiopia and one from Russia, affected their countertransference in their treatment of their adolescent clients from their own countries of

Tova Yedidia

2005-01-01

500

Stress and Identity among Black Males.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twenty Black American males' reactions to slides depicting interracial climate and/or racial oppression were investigated by recording physiological responses, specifically, galvanic skin potential (GSP) and heart rate (HR). Participants were also given the Myers/Stokes Identity Scale (MSIS) to ascertain their reaction to oppression and, based on…

Stokes, DeVon R.