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1

Cognitive Processing Therapy for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Secondary to a Motor Vehicle Accident: A Single-Subject Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Motor vehicle accidents (MVAs) are fairly common occurrences in all developed countries. Although only a small percentage of total MVAs result in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), the high base rate in the population has resulted in the estimation that MVAs are the leading cause of PTSD in the United States. Occupations that require…

Galovski, Tara E.; Resick, Patricia A.

2008-01-01

2

Neural Correlates of Posttraumatic Growth after Severe Motor Vehicle Accidents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Frontal brain asymmetry has been associated with emotion- and motivation-related constructs. The authors examined the relationship between frontal brain asymmetry and subjective perception of posttraumatic growth (PTG) after severe motor vehicle accidents (MVAs). Eighty-two survivors of MVAs completed self-report measures of PTG, trait and state…

Rabe, Sirko; Zollner, Tanja; Maercker, Andreas; Karl, Anke

2006-01-01

3

Unmasking the Moving Threat: Reckless Driving, Borderline Personality Disorder, and the Impact on Motor Vehicle Accidents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Motor vehicle accidents (MVAs), a leading cause of mortality in the United States have an enormous impact on public health. Researchers contend that approximately 90% of all MVAs are, to some extent, a result of driver characteristics and behavior (Lewin, 1982). One of the least researched driver characteristics is psychiatric comorbidity, especially borderline personality disorder (BPD), a disorder that

Charlene Lam

2010-01-01

4

Brief, Early Treatment for ASD/PTSD Following Motor Vehicle Accidents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Early, brief interventions for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) secondary to motor vehicle accidents (MVAs) have historically been, with few exceptions, unsuccessful with single session or even very brief (3 to 6 sessions) interventions. In contrast, very intensive cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) applied over the first 6 to 8 weeks…

Hickling, Edward J.; Blanchard, Edward B.; Kuhn, Eric

2005-01-01

5

Cardiovascular Correlates of Motor Vehicle Accident Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and its Successful Treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Persons with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been shown to display elevated baseline cardiovascular activity and a heightened physiological reactivity to trauma-related stimuli. Study 1 examined differences in baseline heart rate (HR) and HR reactivity in 68 survivors of motor vehicle accidents (MVAs) and healthy controls without MVA. MVA survivors with PTSD (n=26), subsyndromal PTSD (n=22), traumatized controls without PTSD

Sirko Rabe; Denise Dörfel; Tanja Zöllner; Andreas Maercker; Anke Karl

2006-01-01

6

One-year prospective follow-up of motor vehicle accident victims  

Microsoft Academic Search

One-hundred and thirty-two victims of motor vehicle accidents (MVAs), who sought medical attention as a result of the MVA, were assessed at three points in time: 1–4 months post-MVA, 6 months later, and 12 months later. Of the 48 who met the full criteria for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) initially, half had remitted at least in part by the 6-month

Edward B. Blanchard; Edward J. Hickling; Kristine A. Barton; Ann E. Taylor; Warren R. Loos; Jacqueline Jones-Alexander

1996-01-01

7

Motor vehicle accidents, suicides, and assaults in epilepsy  

PubMed Central

Background: The goal of our study was to compare the incidence of motor vehicle accidents (MVA), attempted or completed suicides, and injuries inflicted by others between individuals with and without epilepsy. Methods: Individuals with and without epilepsy were identified using linked administrative databases between 1996 and 2003 in a Canadian health region with a 1.4 million population. We used a validated epilepsy case definition: anyone who had 2 physician claims, one hospitalization, or one emergency room visit coded with an International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-9-CM or ICD-10 epilepsy code any time during a 2-year period. Four subjects without epilepsy were matched to one patient with epilepsy by age (within 1 year) and sex. The incidence of MVAs, attempted or completed suicides, and inflicted injuries was assessed in 2003–2004. Outcomes were adjusted using the Elixhauser comorbidity index. Results: A total of 10,240 individuals with epilepsy and 40,960 individuals without epilepsy were identified. Mean age was 39.0 ± 21.3 years (range 0.12–99.4) and 48.5% were female. One-year odds ratios before and after adjustment for comorbidity were 1.83 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.33–2.54) and 1.38 (95% CI 0.97–1.96) for MVAs, 4.32 (95% CI 2.79–6.69) and 1.32 (95% CI 0.81–2.15) for attempted or completed suicides, and 3.54 (95% CI 2.66–4.72) and 1.46 (95% CI 1.04–2.03) for injuries inflicted by others. Conclusion: In this cohort-controlled population-based study, once important medical and psychiatric comorbidities were adjusted for, people with epilepsy were not more likely to attempt suicide or experience MVAs, but were still more likely to be assaulted compared to those without epilepsy. PMID:21288978

Kwon, C.; Liu, M.; Quan, H.; Thoo, V.; Wiebe, S.

2011-01-01

8

Benzodiazepine use and motor vehicle accidents. Systematic review of reported association.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between benzodiazepine (BZD) use and motor vehicle accidents (MVAs). DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE was searched from 1980 to 1997 using the key words traffic accidents or motor vehicle accidents and benzodiazepines (and alternative terms and outcomes) in English, German, French, or Italian. STUDY SELECTION: Case-control studies of BZDs and MVAs; police or emergency studies of BZD use among travelers; driving tests with subjects taking BZDs. Outcomes were impaired driving, accidents; mortality; postaccident medical attention, emergency ward care, or hospitalization. Quality criteria were whether all driving BZD users and non-users had an equal chance of entering the study; whether medication dosage and timing were ascertained; whether all kilometres driven by BZD users and non-users were studied; whether all types of accidents were ascertained; and whether medical conditions were controlled for. SYNTHESIS: In case-control studies, the odds ratios for mortality and emergency medical treatment ranged from 1.45 to 2.4 in relation to time of use and quantity of drug taken. In police and emergency ward studies, BZD use was a factor in 1% to 65% of accidents (usually 5% to 10%). In two studies where subjects had blood alcohol concentrations less than the legal limit, BZDs were found in 43% and 65% of subjects. In one study with controls, 5% of drivers and 2% of controls in accidents had used BZDs. CONCLUSIONS: Case-control studies suggest using BZDs approximately doubles the risk of motor vehicle accidents. The risk for drivers older than 65 of being involved in reported motor vehicle collisions is higher when they take longer-acting and larger quantities of BZDs. PMID:9585853

Thomas, R. E.

1998-01-01

9

UWO Vehicle ACCIDENT REPORTING FORM  

E-print Network

UWO Vehicle ­ ACCIDENT REPORTING FORM To be completed at the scene. (Important: Do not admit a detailed description of the accident and record all relevant information on this form. File this report, 1001 Brydges Street London, if necessary. Date of Accident:_______________________________ Time

Sinnamon, Gordon J.

10

Vehicle Drivers and Fatal Accidents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attempts an exploratory study of the question, "What happens to drivers of vehicles involved in accidents in which there is a fatality, whether or not the driver was at fault?" The purpose of the investigation was to determine what crisis intervention is needed for such drivers. (Author)

Foeckler, Merle M; And Others

1978-01-01

11

Prediction of remission of acute posttraumatic stress disorder in motor vehicle accident victims.  

PubMed

One hundred forty five individuals who sought medical attention as a result of a motor vehicle accident (MVA), and who were initially assessed 1 to 4 months post-MVA, were followed up prospectively for 6 months to determine how many of the 55 with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and the 43 with sub-syndromal PTSD would remit and what variables would predict remission. Thirty (55%) of those with initial PTSD had remitted at least in part by 6 months while 67% of those with sub-syndromal PTSD had remitted (and 5% had worsened). Four variables, including severity of initial symptoms, degree of initial physical injury, relative degree of physical recovery by 4 months and whether a close family member suffered a trauma during the follow-up interval, combined to classify 6-month clinical status of 84% of those with initial PTSD secondary to MVAs. PMID:9136089

Blanchard, E B; Hickling, E J; Forneris, C A; Taylor, A E; Buckley, T C; Loos, W R; Jaccard, J

1997-04-01

12

[All-terrain vehicle accidents].  

PubMed

All-terrain vehicles (ATV) are designed for off-the-road occupational or recreational use. As their popularity has been increasing steadily, information has been accumulating on the morbidity and mortality associated with their use. The attributes of the ATV that make it attractive for recreation and sport are the reasons for much of its danger. Thus, horsepower, speed and ability to travel on rough and uncertain terrain are causal factors for accidents. The poor judgment and risk-taking of many of the young and immature drivers contribute to the great danger. 61 admissions due to ATV accidents from October 1992 to April 1995 are reviewed. The data suggest that ATV riders are at high risk for serious skeletal injuries and death. ATVs clearly present health hazards for riders of all ages, unless they are driven with great care. Guidelines for reducing the number and severity of injuries, such as age limits, safety programs and protective equipment are suggested. PMID:8549962

Baruchin, A M; Nahlieli, O; Scharf, S; Itzkaier, G

1995-10-01

13

Vehicle accidents related to sleep: a review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Falling asleep while driving accounts for a considerable proportion of vehicle accidents under monotonous driving conditions. Many of these accidents are related to work--for example, drivers of lorries, goods vehicles, and company cars. Time of day (circadian) effects are profound, with sleepiness being particularly evident during night shift work, and driving home afterwards. Circadian factors are as important in determining

J. Horne; L. Reyner

1999-01-01

14

Multiple-vehicle traffic accidents in Hong Kong  

Microsoft Academic Search

‘Multiple-vehicle traffic accident’ refers to a crash between two or more moving objects. Unlike single-vehicle accidents, not all drivers involving in a multiple-vehicle accident are responsible for the occurrence of the event. Accordingly, variables such as road type, speed limit and number of vehicles involved in the accident are expected to play a much more important role in association with

Kelvin K. W. Yau; H. P. Lo; Sherrice H. H. Fung

2006-01-01

15

36 CFR 1004.4 - Report of motor vehicle accident.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2012-07-01 true Report of motor vehicle accident. 1004.4 Section 1004.4 Parks... § 1004.4 Report of motor vehicle accident. (a) The operator of a motor vehicle involved in an accident resulting in property damage,...

2013-07-01

16

36 CFR 4.4 - Report of motor vehicle accident.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Report of motor vehicle accident. 4.4 Section 4.4 Parks...SAFETY § 4.4 Report of motor vehicle accident. (a) The operator of a motor vehicle involved in an accident resulting in property damage,...

2012-07-01

17

36 CFR 1004.4 - Report of motor vehicle accident.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Report of motor vehicle accident. 1004.4 Section 1004.4 Parks... § 1004.4 Report of motor vehicle accident. (a) The operator of a motor vehicle involved in an accident resulting in property damage,...

2014-07-01

18

36 CFR 4.4 - Report of motor vehicle accident.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Report of motor vehicle accident. 4.4 Section 4.4 Parks...SAFETY § 4.4 Report of motor vehicle accident. (a) The operator of a motor vehicle involved in an accident resulting in property damage,...

2010-07-01

19

36 CFR 4.4 - Report of motor vehicle accident.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Report of motor vehicle accident. 4.4 Section 4.4 Parks...SAFETY § 4.4 Report of motor vehicle accident. (a) The operator of a motor vehicle involved in an accident resulting in property damage,...

2013-07-01

20

36 CFR 1004.4 - Report of motor vehicle accident.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Report of motor vehicle accident. 1004.4 Section 1004.4 Parks... § 1004.4 Report of motor vehicle accident. (a) The operator of a motor vehicle involved in an accident resulting in property damage,...

2011-07-01

21

36 CFR 1004.4 - Report of motor vehicle accident.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Report of motor vehicle accident. 1004.4 Section 1004.4 Parks... § 1004.4 Report of motor vehicle accident. (a) The operator of a motor vehicle involved in an accident resulting in property damage,...

2012-07-01

22

36 CFR 4.4 - Report of motor vehicle accident.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Report of motor vehicle accident. 4.4 Section 4.4 Parks...SAFETY § 4.4 Report of motor vehicle accident. (a) The operator of a motor vehicle involved in an accident resulting in property damage,...

2014-07-01

23

36 CFR 1004.4 - Report of motor vehicle accident.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Report of motor vehicle accident. 1004.4 Section 1004.4 Parks... § 1004.4 Report of motor vehicle accident. (a) The operator of a motor vehicle involved in an accident resulting in property damage,...

2010-07-01

24

36 CFR 4.4 - Report of motor vehicle accident.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Report of motor vehicle accident. 4.4 Section 4.4 Parks...SAFETY § 4.4 Report of motor vehicle accident. (a) The operator of a motor vehicle involved in an accident resulting in property damage,...

2011-07-01

25

Date of Accident: _____/_____/________ Day of Week: __________________ Hour: _____:______ AM / PM TIME VEHICLE ACCIDENT REPORT  

E-print Network

Page 1/2 Date of Accident: _____/_____/________ Day of Week: __________________ Hour: _____:______ AM / PM TIME VEHICLE ACCIDENT REPORT TO BE USED BY ALL STATE AGENCIES to make immediate report of all motor vehicle accidents involving State employees, vehicles, equipment or where highways could result

Farritor, Shane

26

Who develops PTSD from motor vehicle accidents?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within 1 to 4 months of their motor vehicle accident (MVA), we assessed 158 MVA victims who sought medical attention as a result of the MVA. Using the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS: Blake, Weathers, Nagy, Kaloupek, Klauminzer, Charney & Keane, 1990. National Center for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Boston, MA)., we found that 62 (39%) met DSM-III-R (American Psychiatric Association, 1987.

Edward B. Blanchard; Edward J. Hickling; Ann E. Taylor; Warren R. Loos; Catherine A. Forneris; James Jaccard

1996-01-01

27

Vehicle accidents related to sleep: a review  

PubMed Central

Falling asleep while driving accounts for a considerable proportion of vehicle accidents under monotonous driving conditions. Many of these accidents are related to work--for example, drivers of lorries, goods vehicles, and company cars. Time of day (circadian) effects are profound, with sleepiness being particularly evident during night shift work, and driving home afterwards. Circadian factors are as important in determining driver sleepiness as is the duration of the drive, but only duration of the drive is built into legislation protecting professional drivers. Older drivers are also vulnerable to sleepiness in the mid-afternoon. Possible pathological causes of driver sleepiness are discussed, but there is little evidence that this factor contributes greatly to the accident statistics. Sleep does not occur spontaneously without warning. Drivers falling asleep are unlikely to recollect having done so, but will be aware of the precursory state of increasing sleepiness; probably reaching a state of fighting off sleep before an accident. Self awareness of sleepiness is a better method for alerting the driver than automatic sleepiness detectors in the vehicle. None of these have been proved to be reliable and most have shortcomings. Putative counter measures to sleepiness, adopted during continued driving (cold air, use of car radio) are only effective for a short time. The only safe counter measure to driver sleepiness, particularly when the driver reaches the stage of fighting sleep, is to stop driving, and--for example, take a 30 minute break encompassing a short (< 15 minute) nap or coffee (about 150 mg caffeine), which are very effective particularly if taken together. Exercise is of little use. CONCLUSIONS: More education of employers and employees is needed about planning journeys, the dangers of driving while sleepy, and driving at vulnerable times of the day.   PMID:10472301

Horne, J.; Reyner, L.

1999-01-01

28

Accident Procedure Outline the procedures for accidents involving University of Michigan (U-M) vehicles.  

E-print Network

Accident Procedure Objective Outline the procedures for accidents involving University of Michigan. An accident is defined as any incident that causes damage to people or property. 2. In the event of an accident, secure the occupants and vehicle to prevent further incident. 3. Contact the local police agency

Kirschner, Denise

29

Who develops PTSD from motor vehicle accidents?  

PubMed

Within 1 to 4 months of their motor vehicle accident (MVA), we assessed 158 MVA victims who sought medical attention as a result of the MVA. Using the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS: Blake, Weathers, Nagy, Kaloupek, Klauminzer, Charney & Keane, 1990. National Center for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Boston, MA)., we found that 62 (39%) met DSM-III-R (American Psychiatric Association, 1987. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press) criteria for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. Using variables from the victim's account of the accident and its sequelae, pre-MVA psychosocial functioning, demographic variables, pre-MVA psychopathology and degree of physical injury, we found that 70% of the subjects could be classified as PTSD or not with 4 variables: prior major depression, fear of dying in the MVA, extent of physical injury and whether litigation had been initiated. Using multiple regression to predict the continuous variable of total CAPS score, as a measure of post-traumatic stress symptoms, we found that 8 variables combined to predict 38.1% of variance (Multiple R = 0.617). PMID:8561759

Blanchard, E B; Hickling, E J; Taylor, A E; Loos, W R; Forneris, C A; Jaccard, J

1996-01-01

30

A retrospective quality assessment of pre-hospital emergency medical documentation in motor vehicle accidents in south-eastern Norway  

PubMed Central

Background Few studies have evaluated pre-hospital documentation quality. We retrospectively assessed emergency medical service (EMS) documentation of key logistic, physiologic, and mechanistic variables in motor vehicle accidents (MVAs). Methods Records from police, Emergency Medical Communication Centers (EMCC), ground and air ambulances were retrospectively collected for 189 MVAs involving 392 patients. Documentation of Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), respiratory rate (RR), and systolic blood pressure (SBP) was classified as exact values, RTS categories, clinical descriptions enabling post-hoc inference of RTS categories, or missing. The distribution of values of exact versus inferred RTS categories were compared (Chi-square test for trend). Results 25% of ground and 11% of air ambulance records were unretrieveable. Patient name, birth date, and transport destination was documented in >96% of ambulance records and 81% of EMCC reports. Only 54% of patient encounter times were transmitted to the EMCC, but 77% were documented in ground and 96% in air ambulance records. Ground ambulance records documented exact values of GCS in 48% and SBP in 53% of cases, exact RR in 10%, and RR RTS categories in 54%. Clinical descriptions made post-hoc inference of RTS categories possible in another 49% of cases for GCS, 26% for RR, and 20% for SBP. Air ambulance records documented exact values of GCS in 89% and SBP in 84% of cases, exact RR in 7% and RR RTS categories in 80%. Overall, for lower RTS categories of GCS, RR and SBP the proportion of actual documented values to inferred values increased (All: p < 0.001). Also, documentation of repeated assessment was more frequent for low RTS categories of GCS, RR, and SBP (All: p < 0.001). Mechanism of injury was documented in 80% of cases by ground and 92% of cases by air ambulance. Conclusion EMS documentation of logistic and mechanistic variables was adequate. Patient physiology was frequently documented only as descriptive text. Our finding indicates a need for improved procedures, training, and tools for EMS documentation. Documentation is in itself a quality criterion for appropriate care and is crucial to trauma research. PMID:21453536

2011-01-01

31

Reduction of police vehicle accidents through mechaniically aided supervision  

PubMed Central

Tachograph recorders were installed in 224 vehicles of a metropolitan police department to monitor vehicle operation in an attempt to reduce the rate of accidents. Police sergeants reviewed each tachograph chart and provided feedback to officers regarding their driving performance. Reliability checks and additional feedback procedures were implemented so that upper level supervisors monitored and controlled the performance of field sergeants. The tachograph intervention and components of the feedback system nearly eliminated personal injury accidents and sharply reduced accidents caused by officer negligence. A cost-benefit analysis revealed that the savings in vehicle repair and injury claims outweighed the equipment and operating costs. PMID:16795634

Larson, Lynn D.; Schnelle, John F.; Kirchner, Robert; Carr, Adam F.; Domash, Michele; Risley, Todd R.

1980-01-01

32

Increased Risk of Hospitalization Related to Motor Vehicle Accidents Among People Taking Zolpidem: A Case–Crossover Study  

PubMed Central

Background Several epidemiological and experimental studies have found a positive association between the risk of motor vehicle accidents (MVAs) and use of zopiclone and benzodiazepines. There is, however, little evidence of any risk of MVA attributable to the use of zolpidem 1 day before such accidents. We attempted to determine whether the use of zolpidem 1 day before is associated with an increased risk of an MVA. Methods Using a 1-million-person randomly sampled cohort from the Taiwan National Health Insurance reimbursement database, 12 929 subjects were identified as having been hospitalized between 1998 and 2004 due to an MVA. Using a case–crossover design, we selected the day before an MVA as the case period for each subject, and the 91st, 182nd, and 273rd days before the case period as 3 retrospective control periods. Conditional logistical regression models were constructed to calculate the odds ratio (OR) of having an MVA and the exposure of zolpidem 1 day before. We calculated doses of benzodiazepines, zopiclone, and zolpidem based on their defined daily dose. Results The adjusted OR for involvement in an MVA after taking 1 defined daily dose of zolpidem was 1.74 (95% confidence interval: 1.25–2.43). There were also positive effects for different washout periods and cumulative doses at 7, 14, 21, and 28 days before the occurrence of an MVA. Conclusions Use of zolpidem 1 day before might be associated with an increased risk of MVA. Thus, precautionary warnings should be provided when prescribing zolpidem. PMID:21030794

Yang, Yao-Hsu; Lai, Jung-Nien; Lee, Chang-Hsing; Wang, Jung-Der; Chen, Pau-Chung

2011-01-01

33

Launch vehicle accident assessment for Mars Exploration Rover missions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper presents the methodology used in the launch and space vehicle portion of the nuclear risk assessment for the two Mars Exploration Rover (MER) missions, which includes the assessment of accident scenarios and associated probabilities.

Yau, M.; Reinhart, L.; Guarro, S.

2002-01-01

34

Psychoactive substance use and the risk of motor vehicle accidents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The driving performance is easily impaired as a consequence of the use of alcohol and\\/or licit and illicit drugs. However, the role of drugs other than alcohol in motor vehicle accidents has not been well established. The objective of this study was to estimate the association between psychoactive drug use and motor vehicle accidents requiring hospitalisation.A prospective observational case-control study

K. L. L. Movig; M. P. M. Mathijssen; P. H. A. Nagel; T. van Egmond; J. J. de Gier; H. G. M. Leufkens; A. C. G. Egberts

2004-01-01

35

HEAVY GOODS VEHICLE ACCIDENTS ON ROUNDABOUTS: PARAMETERS OF INFLUENCE  

E-print Network

Vehicles (HGV) that roll over or run off the road on roundabouts are also part of this categoryHEAVY GOODS VEHICLE ACCIDENTS ON ROUNDABOUTS: PARAMETERS OF INFLUENCE Veronique CEREZO Laboratoire, they generate damage to the road and create disruptions for drivers by causing traffic jams. For this reason

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

36

Improvement in numerical reconstruction for vehicle–pedestrian accidents  

Microsoft Academic Search

A full-scale vehicle-pedestrian crash simulation has been applied to pedestrian accident reconstruction worldwide in the past decade. Considering that the optimization method and pedestrian human model play an important role in this simulation, this study makes some improvements in them according to the characteristics of real-world pedestrian accidents. On the one hand, the sequential linear programming method replaces classical manual

J Shen

2008-01-01

37

Effectiveness of electronic stability control on single-vehicle accidents.  

PubMed

ABSTRACT Objective. This study aims at evaluating the effectiveness of Electronic Stability Control (ESC) on single vehicle injury accidents while controlling for a number of confounders influencing the accident risk. Methods. Using Police registered injury accidents from 2004 to 2011 in Denmark with cars manufactured in the period 1998 to 2011 and the principle of induced exposure, two measures of the effectiveness of ESC were calculated: The crude odds ratio and the adjusted odds ratio; the latter by means of logistic regression. The logistic regression controlled for a number of confounding factors, of which the following were significant. For the driver: Age, gender, driving experience, valid driving license and seat belt use. For the vehicle: 1. year of registration, weight and ESC. For the accident surroundings: Visibility, light and location. Finally for the road: Speed limit, surface and section characteristics. Results. The present study calculated the crude odds ratio for ESC-equipped cars of getting in a single vehicle injury accident to be 0.40 (95% C.I. 0.34-0.47) and the adjusted odds ratio to be 0.69 (0.54-0.88). No difference was found in the effectiveness of ESC across the injury severity categories (slight, severe and fatal). Conclusions. In line with previous results, this study concludes that ESC reduces the risk for single vehicle injury accidents by 31% when controlling for various confounding factors related to the driver, the car and the accident surroundings. Furthermore, it is concluded that it is important to control for human factors (at a minimum age and gender) in analyses where evaluations of this type are performed. PMID:25133455

Lyckegaard, Allan; Hels, Tove; Bernhoft, Inger Marie

2014-08-18

38

Accident Reporting Policy Outline the policy regarding accident reporting on University of Michigan (U-M) vehicles.  

E-print Network

Accident Reporting Policy Objective Outline the policy regarding accident reporting on University. An accident is defined as any incident that causes damage to persons or property. 2. In the glove box of every within 48 hours of the accident. 4. Garage Services will process the vehicle damage report and make

Kirschner, Denise

39

The Impact of In-Vehicle Cell-Phone Use on Accidents or Near-Accidents among College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With in-vehicle use of cell phones rapidly increasing, the safety of young drivers, who represent 14% of licensed drivers but 26% of drivers involved in fatal crashes, may be disproportionately threatened. The authors used a questionnaire to examine the association between in-vehicle cell-phone use and accidents or near-accidents among 1,291…

Seo, Dong-Chul; Torabi, Mohammad R.

2004-01-01

40

Self-Evaluative Appraisals of Coping Capability and Posttraumatic Distress following Motor Vehicle Accidents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study tested the importance of coping self-efficacy (CSE) perceptions and change in perceptions of CSE for recovery from motor vehicle accident (MVA) trauma. Data were collected 7 days following the accident (Time 1; n = 163), 1 month after the accident (Time 2; n = 91), and 3 months after the accident (Time 3; n = 70). Early changes in CSE…

Benight, Charles C.; Cieslak, Roman; Molton, Ivan R.; Johnson, Lesley E.

2008-01-01

41

Sleep apnea symptoms and accident risk factors in Persian commercial vehicle drivers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Motor vehicle accidents are the second highest cause of mortality in Iran. Sleep apnea symptoms have been associated with\\u000a increased risk of motor vehicle accidents in other countries. However, we have limited data in Iran. We conducted a study\\u000a to evaluate sleep apnea symptoms and sleepiness in professional drivers and to assess the predictors of motor vehicle accidents\\u000a in Iran.

Babak Amra; Reza Dorali; Salehe Mortazavi; Mohammad Golshan; Ziba Farajzadegan; Ingo Fietze; Thomas Penzel

42

The Impact of In-Vehicle CellPhone Use on Accidents or Near-Accidents Among College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

With in-vehicle use of cell phones rapidly increasing, the safety of young drivers, who represent 14% of licensed drivers but 26% of drivers involved in fatal crashes, may be disproportionately threatened. The authors used a questionnaire to examine the association between in-vehicle cell-phone use and accidents or near-accidents among 1,291 conveniently recruited college students in 4 states. Of the 1,185

Dong-Chul Seo; Mohammad R. Torabi

2004-01-01

43

Fetal intracranial injuries following motor vehicle accidents with airbag deployment.  

PubMed

The effects of airbag deployment in motor vehicle accidents (MVA) on the fetus are poorly understood. A 22-year-old woman at 24 weeks of gestation collided with a telephone pole while driving. She was restrained and an airbag deployed. Although she had no major injuries, she experienced decreased fetal movements. Fetal heart rate (FHR) monitoring revealed loss of variability without any evidence of abruptio placentae, and 4 days later, the variability spontaneously recovered. Two weeks after the MVA, ultrasonography showed unilateral ventricular dilatation suggestive of fetal brain injury. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed subdural hematoma, intraventricular hemorrhage and cystic lesions, interpreted as indirect (hypoxic-ischemic) and direct (hemorrhagic) intracranial injuries. After MVA with airbag deployment, FHR monitoring can show a transient loss of variability, which may precede the appearance of fetal brain injury. PMID:24118367

Matsushita, Hiroshi; Harada, Atsuko; Sato, Takashi; Kurabayashi, Takumi

2014-02-01

44

Visual\\/Cognitive Correlates of Vehicle Accidents in Older Drivers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Older drivers have more accidents per miles driven than any other age group and tend to have significant impairments in their visual function, which could interfere with driving. Previous research has largely failed to document a link between vision and driving in the elderly. We have taken a comprehensive approach by examining how accident frequency in older drivers relates to

Cynthia Owsley; Karlene Ball; Michael E. Sloane; Daniel L. Roenker; John R. Bruni

1991-01-01

45

A Comprehensive Review of Rollover Accidents Involving Vehicles Equipped with Electronic Stability Control (ESC) Systems  

PubMed Central

This study investigated 478 police accident reports from 9 states to examine and characterize rollover crashes involving ESC-equipped vehicles. The focus was on the sequence of critical events leading to loss of control and rollover, and the interactions between the accident, driver, and environment. Results show that, while ESC is effective in reducing loss of control leading to certain rollover crashes, its effectiveness is diminished in others, particularly when the vehicle departs the roadway or when environmental factors such as slick road conditions or driver factors such as speeding, distraction, fatigue, impairment, or overcorrection are present. PMID:19026219

Padmanaban, Jeya; Shields, Leland E.; Scheibe, Robert R.; Eyges, Vitaly E.

2008-01-01

46

Biochemical and Structural Basis for Inhibition of Enterococcus faecalis Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Synthase, mvaS, by Hymeglusin  

SciTech Connect

Hymeglusin (1233A, F244, L-659-699) is established as a specific {beta}-lactone inhibitor of eukaryotic hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA synthase (HMGCS). Inhibition results from formation of a thioester adduct to the active site cysteine. In contrast, the effects of hymeglusin on bacterial HMG-CoA synthase, mvaS, have been minimally characterized. Hymeglusin blocks growth of Enterococcus faecalis. After removal of the inhibitor from culture media, a growth curve inflection point at 3.1 h is observed (vs 0.7 h for the uninhibited control). Upon hymeglusin inactivation of purified E. faecalis mvaS, the thioester adduct is more stable than that measured for human HMGCS. Hydroxylamine cleaves the thioester adduct; substantial enzyme activity is restored at a rate that is 8-fold faster for human HMGCS than for mvaS. Structural results explain these differences in enzyme-inhibitor thioester adduct stability and solvent accessibility. The E. faecalis mvaS-hymeglusin cocrystal structure (1.95 {angstrom}) reveals virtually complete occlusion of the bound inhibitor in a narrow tunnel that is largely sequestered from bulk solvent. In contrast, eukaryotic (Brassica juncea) HMGCS binds hymeglusin in a more solvent-exposed cavity.

Skaff, D. Andrew; Ramyar, Kasra X.; McWhorter, William J.; Barta, Michael L.; Geisbrecht, Brian V.; Miziorko, Henry M. (UMKC)

2012-07-25

47

Psychometric Properties of the Posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory (PTCI): A Replication With Motor Vehicle Accident Survivors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the factor structure, internal consistency, concurrent validity, discriminant validity, and discriminative validity of the Posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory (PTCI; E. B. Foa, A. Ehlers, D. M. Clark, D. F. Tolin, & S. M. Orsillo, 1999) in a sample of 112 individuals who had experienced a serious motor vehicle accident. Results…

Beck, J. Gayle; Coffey, Scott F.; Palyo, Sarah A.; Gudmundsdottir, Berglind; Miller, Luana M.; Colder, Craig R.

2004-01-01

48

The prevalence of drugs in motor vehicle accidents and traffic violations in Shanghai and neighboring cities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of psychoactive drug use among motor vehicle drivers in Shanghai and its neighboring cities. We selected 10,002 drivers involved in a traffic accident or violation between 2007 and 2008 in Shanghai, Suzhou and Wuxi. We checked for the presence of psychoactive drugs from blood samples using liquid chromatography tandem mass

Xianyi Zhuo; Yong Cang; Hui Yan; Jun Bu; Baohua Shen

2010-01-01

49

Avoidant coping style and post-traumatic stress following motor vehicle accidents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Predictors of post-traumatic intrusive symptomatology were studied in 56 motor vehicle accident (MVA) survivors 12 months after their MVA. Measures were obtained on Ss' subjective response to the trauma, objective indices of injury severity, coping response (Coping Style Questionnaire), and post-traumatic stress (Impact of Event Scale; IES). Significant levels of intrusive and avoidance symptomatology were reported by 20% of MVA

Richard A. Bryant; Allison G. Harvey

1995-01-01

50

Road rage and road traffic accidents among commercial vehicle drivers in Lahore, Pakistan.  

PubMed

Road rage and road traffic accidents increase the burden of morbidity and mortality in a population. A cross-sectional survey with convenience sampling was conducted among commercial vehicle drivers in Lahore, Pakistan (n = 901) to record their behaviours/experiences regarding road rage and road traffic accidents. Respondents were asked about incidents of shouting/cursing/rude gestures or threats to physically hurt the person/vehicle, by others or themselves, in the previous 24 hours or 3 months, and their involvement in road traffic accidents in the previous 12 months. Auto-rickshaw drivers were significantly more likely to report various road rage experiences/behaviours and involvement in accidents compared with bus and wagon drivers. A total of 112 respondents (12.4%) reported being involved in a road traffic accident in the previous 12 months but traffic police did not record the accident in 52.7% of cases. The results of this study underline the need to improve road safety in Pakistan. PMID:22768706

Shaikh, M A; Shaikh, I A; Siddiqui, Z

2012-04-01

51

Beforehand alarm system against vehicle rear-end accident based on laser sensor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, a mathematic model of rear-end accident based on system dynamics theory is proposed, and a beforehand alarm system against vehicle rear-end accident is designed. Driver's physical reaction time and perception process are involved in this model, and after calculating the system installed in the following vehicle can predict whether the rear-end accident will occur. In the paper, the model's establishment, the alarm system's structure and working principle are described in detail and the design of relevant hardware and software is given. The system ran well in the test, and it has high liability, low cost, and easy node- expanding, which has a bright prospect of application and popularization.

Li, Jinlong; Wang, Li; Gao, Xiaorong; Wang, Zeyong; Zhao, Quanke

2012-10-01

52

Road traffic accident among motor vehicle drivers in selected high ways.  

PubMed

To assess the knowledge of the motor vehicle driver about the causes of road traffic accidents. This cross sectional study was conducted among the 107 motor vehicle drivers of selected Bus & Truck terminal & taxi stands of Dhaka city. The study was carried out during April to June 2002 at the Department of Health Promotion & Health Education of NIPSOM. The study showed about 55.1% learned driving from a friend. Out of 107 respondent 20.6% showed very high speed is one of the reason for road traffic accident.39.3% claimed for poor maintenance of roads. Regarding engine/vehicle defect 46.7% said head light defect. Increased earning is one of the reasons of very fast driving 35.5% respondent opined. These may be the reason of accident proneness of the society along with factor like family pressure, job dissatisfaction etc. Majority of the driver who took part in this study used light vehicle 54.2% and the rest 30.8% were heavy and 15% like medium light vehicle. Most of the respondent 67.3% was working as professional over for 3-6 years. 41.1% for 3 and 26.2% for 6 years. There were significant relationship (p < 0.002) between very fast driving and defective road and also engine defect were highly significant association (p < 0.005) with road traffic accident It is revealed that formal education, driving license through Bangladesh road traffic authority without unnecessary botheration, proper implementation of traffic law, training of drivers and increase level of public awareness through mass communication could reduce the road traffic accident PMID:15284694

Ahmed, M; Khanom, K; Shampa, R M; Bari, M H

2004-07-01

53

Virtopsy--fatal motor vehicle accident with head injury.  

PubMed

A man wearing no protective helmet was struck by a motor vehicle while riding a bicycle. He was loaded on his left side, and the impact point of his head was his occiput on the car roof girder. He was immediately transported to the general hospital, where he passed away. Postmortem examination using multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) revealed an extensively comminuted fracture of the posterior part and the base of the skull. Observed were deep direct and contrecoup brain bruises, with the independent fractures of the roof of the both orbits. Massive subdural and subarachnoidal hemorrhage with cerebral edema and shifting of the mid-line towards left side were also detected. MSCT and autopsy results were compared and the body injuries were correlated to vehicle damages. In conclusion, postmortem imaging is a good forensic visualization tool with great potential for documentation and examination of body injuries and pathology. PMID:15317200

Aghayev, Emin; Thali, Michael; Jackowski, Christian; Sonnenschein, Martin; Yen, Kathrin; Vock, Peter; Dirnhofer, Richard

2004-07-01

54

The spectrum of facial fractures in motor vehicle accidents: an MDCT study of 374 patients.  

PubMed

Road traffic accidents are a major health problem worldwide resulting frequently in maxillofacial injuries. The purpose of the study was to assess the incidence and spectrum of facial fractures in patients involved in a motor vehicle accident (MVA). Using picture archiving and communication system, all requests for suspected facial trauma were retrieved during a 62-month period; 374 met the inclusion criteria. Two researchers interpreted the multidetector computed tomography images by consensus. The motor vehicles involved were divided into two groups: those involving a passenger car or a larger vehicle and those involving a motorized two-wheeler. Furthermore, the motor vehicle accidents were divided into collisions and run-off-road accidents. Of the 374 patients (aged 15-80, mean 34), 271 (72 %) were male and 103 (28 %) female. Of all patients, 262 (70 %) had a facial or skull base fracture; of these, multiple separate fractures were present in 56 %. Nasal fractures were the most common fractures followed by orbital, skull base, and maxillary fractures. Frontal bone, LeFort, and zygomatic arch fractures were always accompanied by other fractures. Fractures were more frequent in the group of collisions compared with run-off-road accidents. In the two-wheeled group, only 15 % did not have facial or skull base fractures. Fractures often occur in multitudes as 39 % of all patients have multiple facial or skull bone fractures, and thus, emergency radiologists should be familiar with the complexity of the injuries. Negative clear sinus sign and low-energy sentinel injuries should be trusted as indications of undetected injuries in MVA victims. PMID:24221020

Peltola, Elina M; Koivikko, Mika P; Koskinen, Seppo K

2014-04-01

55

Causal Factors and Adverse Events of Aviation Accidents and Incidents Related to Integrated Vehicle Health Management  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Causal factors in aviation accidents and incidents related to system/component failure/malfunction (SCFM) were examined for Federal Aviation Regulation Parts 121 and 135 operations to establish future requirements for the NASA Aviation Safety Program s Integrated Vehicle Health Management (IVHM) Project. Data analyzed includes National Transportation Safety Board (NSTB) accident data (1988 to 2003), Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) incident data (1988 to 2003), and Aviation Safety Reporting System (ASRS) incident data (1993 to 2008). Failure modes and effects analyses were examined to identify possible modes of SCFM. A table of potential adverse conditions was developed to help evaluate IVHM research technologies. Tables present details of specific SCFM for the incidents and accidents. Of the 370 NTSB accidents affected by SCFM, 48 percent involved the engine or fuel system, and 31 percent involved landing gear or hydraulic failure and malfunctions. A total of 35 percent of all SCFM accidents were caused by improper maintenance. Of the 7732 FAA database incidents affected by SCFM, 33 percent involved landing gear or hydraulics, and 33 percent involved the engine and fuel system. The most frequent SCFM found in ASRS were turbine engine, pressurization system, hydraulic main system, flight management system/flight management computer, and engine. Because the IVHM Project does not address maintenance issues, and landing gear and hydraulic systems accidents are usually not fatal, the focus of research should be those SCFMs that occur in the engine/fuel and flight control/structures systems as well as power systems.

Reveley, Mary S.; Briggs, Jeffrey L.; Evans, Joni K.; Jones, Sharon M.; Kurtoglu, Tolga; Leone, Karen M.; Sandifer, Carl E.

2011-01-01

56

The influence of heavy goods vehicle traffic on accidents on different types of Spanish interurban roads.  

PubMed

This paper illustrates a methodology developed to analyze the influence of traffic conditions, i.e. volume and composition on accidents on different types of interurban roads in Spain, by applying negative binomial models. The annual average daily traffic was identified as the most important variable, followed by the percentage of heavy goods vehicles, and different covariate patterns were found for each road type. The analysis of hypothetical scenarios of the reduction of heavy goods vehicles in two of the most representative freight transportation corridors, combined with hypotheses of total daily traffic mean intensity variation, produced by the existence or absence of induced traffic gives rise to several scenarios. In all cases a reduction in the total number of accidents would occur as a result of the drop in the number of heavy goods transport vehicles, However the higher traffic intensity, resulting of the induction of other vehicular traffic, reduces the effects on the number of accidents on single carriageway road segments compared with high capacity roads, due to the increase in exposure. This type of analysis provides objective elements for evaluating policies that encourage modal shifts and road safety enhancements. PMID:19114133

Ramírez, B Arenas; Izquierdo, F Aparicio; Fernández, C González; Méndez, A Gómez

2009-01-01

57

A multidisciplinary approach to providing care to adolescents with spinal cord trauma resulting from all-terrain vehicle accidents.  

PubMed

All-terrain vehicle accidents that affect the spine can lead to complex injuries in adolescents. This requires that many subspecialties work together on a multidisciplinary team to improve patient outcomes. Our case presentation will examine the multidisciplinary approach to care required for an 11-year-old adolescent involved in an all-terrain vehicle accident that resulted in traumatic spinal cord injury. PMID:25584450

Rhodes, Leslie N; Weatherford, Blakely; Locke, Lindsey N; Chung, Hoi Sing; Tidwell, Chrisla; Paton, Elizabeth; Lee, Shirleatha

2015-01-01

58

The impact of severity of physical injury and perception of life threat in the development of post-traumatic stress disorder in motor vehicle accident victims  

Microsoft Academic Search

For 98 victims of recent (1 to 4 months post-accident) motor vehicle accidents who sought medical attention as a result of the accident, we obtained data on the extent of physical injury using blind ratings with the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS), as well as victims reports of their perceptions of how much danger they perceived at the time of the

Edward B. Blanchard; Edward J. Hickling; Neil Mitnick; Ann E. Taylor; Warren R. Loos; Todd C. Buckley

1995-01-01

59

Design of a New Linear Magnetic Damper for Shock-Absorbing from Crash Accident of High Speed Vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a new linear magnetic damper to absorb shock from the crash accident of high speed vehicles. The magnetic damper is composed of a copper plate, a yoke, and permanent magnets. The damping force is generated by the eddy current in the copper plate. Also, permanent magnets are aligned using Hallbach array to improve the damping force. Magnetic

Yongdae Kim; Heon Lee; Semyung Wang

2006-01-01

60

Group Cognitive Behavioral Treatment for PTSD: Treatment of Motor Vehicle Accident Survivors  

PubMed Central

Individual cognitive behavioral therapies (CBT) are now considered the first-line treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD; Foa, Keane, & Friedman, 2000). As mental health reimbursement becomes more restricted, it is imperative that we adapt individual-format therapies for use in a small group format. Group therapies have a number of advantages, including provision of a natural support group, the ability to reach more patients, and greater cost efficiency. In this article, we describe the development of a group CBT for PTSD in the aftermath of a serious motor vehicle accident (MVA). Issues unique to the group treatment format are discussed, along with special considerations such as strategies to reduce the potential for triggering reexperiencing symptoms during group sessions. A case example is presented, along with discussion of group process issues. Although still in the early stages, this group CBT may offer promise as an effective treatment of MVA-related PTSD. PMID:16525513

Beck, J. Gayle; Coffey, Scott F.

2006-01-01

61

Necrotizing fasciitis following a motor vehicle accident with Candida species as the sole organisms  

PubMed Central

Necrotizing soft-tissue infections exclusively due to Candida species are rare and not usually considered in the differential diagnosis of this devastating condition. When documented previously, Candida species are generally proposed to be a saprophytic component of multibacterial synergistic infection often associated with streptococcal species. We report a case of a 51-year-old man who developed necrotizing fasciitis secondary to Candida infection following a motor vehicle accident. His clinical presentation was very similar to that of clostridial gas gangrene. The only organisms isolated from tissue culture were Candida albicans and Candida tropicalis. Histopathology confirmed yeast forms and pseudohyphae within the debrided tissue specimens. No bacteria were identified on any of the wound swabs or tissue specimens. Our report is the first that reveals Candida as the sole identifiable cause for necrotizing fasciitis following trauma. Candida should be considered in the differential diagnosis of causative organisms for necrotizing fasciitis and infective myonecrosis. PMID:24115874

Eisen, Daniel Brian; Brown, Erin

2004-01-01

62

The Impact of Event Scale –Revised: Psychometric properties in a sample of motor vehicle accident survivors  

PubMed Central

This study examined the factor structure, internal consistency, concurrent validity, and discriminative validity of the Impact of Event Scale –Revised (IES-R, Weiss & Marmar, 1997) in a sample of 182 individuals who had experienced a serious motor vehicle accident. Results supported the three-factor structure of the IES-R, Intrusion, Avoidance, and Hyperarousal, with adequate internal consistency noted for each subscale. Support was obtained for the concurrent and discriminative validity, as well as the absence of social desirability effects. Although some differences were noted between the IES-R Avoidance subscale and diagnostically-based measures of this cluster of symptoms, these differences do not necessarily signify measurement problems with the IES-R. The IES-R seems to be a solid measure of post-trauma phenomena that can augment related assessment approaches in clinical and research settings. PMID:17369016

Beck, J. Gayle; Grant, DeMond M.; Read, Jennifer P.; Clapp, Joshua D.; Coffey, Scott F.; Miller, Luana M.; Palyo, Sarah A.

2008-01-01

63

PTSD symptom severity and psychiatric comorbidity in recent motor vehicle accident victims: a latent class analysis.  

PubMed

We conducted a latent class analysis (LCA) on 249 recent motor vehicle accident (MVA) victims to examine subgroups that differed in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity, current major depressive disorder and alcohol/other drug use disorders (MDD/AoDs), gender, and interpersonal trauma history 6-weeks post-MVA. A 4-class model best fit the data with a resilient class displaying asymptomatic PTSD symptom levels/low levels of comorbid disorders; a mild psychopathology class displaying mild PTSD symptom severity and current MDD; a moderate psychopathology class displaying severe PTSD symptom severity and current MDD/AoDs; and a severe psychopathology class displaying extreme PTSD symptom severity and current MDD. Classes also differed with respect to gender composition and history of interpersonal trauma experience. These findings may aid in the development of targeted interventions for recent MVA victims through the identification of subgroups distinguished by different patterns of psychiatric problems experienced 6-weeks post-MVA. PMID:25124501

Hruska, Bryce; Irish, Leah A; Pacella, Maria L; Sledjeski, Eve M; Delahanty, Douglas L

2014-10-01

64

Personality disorders and posttraumatic stress disorder in motor vehicle accident survivors.  

PubMed

This study examined the impact of a co-occurring personality disorder on the development and remission of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in 158 motor vehicle accident (MVA) survivors followed prospectively for 1 year. Participants were assessed 1 to 4 months after trauma and at 6-month and 1-year follow-up evaluations during 1991 through 1993. These archival data were analyzed in the present study. The prevalence of at least one personality disorder was 13.3%, with the majority (52.4%) presenting with obsessive-compulsive personality disorder. Persons with a personality disorder were significantly more likely to be diagnosed with PTSD at 1-year follow-up evaluation. For persons diagnosed with PTSD at the initial assessment, those with a personality disorder were significantly less likely to remit by 1 year. The presence of a preexisting personality disorder may increase the risk of chronic PTSD and impede remission. PMID:12436017

Malta, Loretta S; Blanchard, Edward B; Taylor, Ann E; Hickling, Edward J; Freidenberg, Brian M

2002-11-01

65

An Examination of Commercial Aviation Accidents and Incidents Related to Integrated Vehicle Health Management  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Integrated Vehicle Health Management (IVHM) Project is one of the four projects within the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Aviation Safety Program (AvSafe). The IVHM Project conducts research to develop validated tools and technologies for automated detection, diagnosis, and prognosis that enable mitigation of adverse events during flight. Adverse events include those that arise from system, subsystem, or component failure, faults, and malfunctions due to damage, degradation, or environmental hazards that occur during flight. Determining the causal factors and adverse events related to IVHM technologies will help in the formulation of research requirements and establish a list of example adverse conditions against which IVHM technologies can be evaluated. This paper documents the results of an examination of the most recent statistical/prognostic accident and incident data that is available from the Aviation Safety Information Analysis and Sharing (ASIAS) System to determine the causal factors of system/component failures and/or malfunctions in U.S. commercial aviation accidents and incidents.

Reveley, Mary S.; Briggs, Jeffrey L.; Thomas, Megan A.; Evans, Joni K.; Jones, Sharon M.

2011-01-01

66

Vertebral fractures in motor vehicle accidents - a medical and technical analysis of 33,015 injured front-seat occupants.  

PubMed

Spinal injuries pose a considerable risk to life and quality of life. In spite of improvements in active and passive safety of motor vehicles, car accidents are regarded as a major cause for vertebral fractures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the current incidence of vertebral fractures among front-seat occupants in motor vehicle accidents, and to identify specific risk factors for sustaining vertebral fractures in motor vehicle accidents. Data from an accident research unit were accessed to collect collision details, preclinical data, and clinical data. We included all data on front-seat occupants. Hospital records were retrieved, and radiological images were evaluated. We analysed 33,015 front-seat occupants involved in motor vehicle accidents over a 24-year period. We identified 126 subjects (0.38%) with cervical spine fractures, 78 (0.24%) with thoracic fractures, and 99 (0.30%) with lumbar fractures. The mean relative collision speeds were 48, 39, and 40 kph in subjects with cervical, thoracic, and lumbar spine fractures, respectively, while it was 17.3 kph in the whole cohort. Contrary to the overall cohort, these patients typically sustained multiple hits rather than simple front collisions. Occupants with vertebral fractures frequently showed numerous concomitant injuries; for example, additional vertebral fractures. The incidence of vertebral fractures corresponded with collision speed. Safety belts were highly effective in the prevention of vertebral fractures. Apart from high speed, complex injury mechanisms as multiple collisions or rollovers were associated with vertebral fractures. Additional preventive measures should focus on these collision mechanisms. PMID:24486770

Müller, Christian W; Otte, Dietmar; Decker, Sebastian; Stübig, Timo; Panzica, Martin; Krettek, Christian; Brand, Stephan

2014-05-01

67

Written Exposure as an Intervention for PTSD: A Randomized Clinical Trial with Motor Vehicle Accident Survivors  

PubMed Central

The present study examined the efficacy of a brief, written exposure therapy (WET) for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Participants were 46 adults with a current primary diagnosis of motor vehicle accident-related PTSD. Participants were randomly assigned to either WET or a wait list (WL) condition. Independent assessments took place at baseline and 6-, 18-, and 30- weeks post baseline (WL condition not assessed at 30 weeks). Participants assigned to WET showed significant reductions in PTSD symptom severity at 6- and 18- week post-baseline, relative to WL participants, with large between-group effect sizes. In addition, significantly fewer WET participants met diagnostic criteria for PTSD at both the 6- and 18- week post-baseline assessments, relative to WL participants. Treatment gains were maintained for the WET participants at the 30-week post baseline assessment. Notably, only 9% of participants dropped out of WET and the WET participants reported a high degree of satisfaction with the treatment. These findings suggest that a brief, written exposure treatment may efficaciously treat PTSD. Future research should examine whether WET is efficacious with other PTSD samples, as well as compare the efficacy of WET with that of evidence-based treatments for PTSD. PMID:22863540

Sloan, Denise M.; Marx, Brian P.; Bovin, Michelle J.; Feinstein, Brian A.; Gallagher, Matthew W.

2012-01-01

68

The psychological impact of motor vehicle accidents on emergency service workers.  

PubMed

Emergency service workers continuously face situations where they are in charge of the lives of others, and this can be a risk factor for their mental health. This study aims to determine the psychological impact of exposure to current death and physical injury events in the context of motor vehicle accidents among emergency personnel and which variables better predict posttraumatic stress disorder. Participants were National Institute of Medical Emergency workers (nurses and medical doctors; n= 59) in the north of Portugal. They filled out a trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder scale (PTSD), a scale that assesses distress (General Health Questionnaire 12), a peritraumatic dissociation scale (Peritraumatic Dissociative Experiences Questionnaire) and a coping scale (Ways of Coping Questionnaire). Participants reported high exposure to events evaluated as traumatic, but low prevalence of PTSD. When the relation between exposure, time in emergency, sex, distress symptoms, peritraumatic dissociation, and PTSD symptoms was examined, peritraumatic dissociation and distress were the only predictors of PTSD symptoms, but beyond their contribution direct coping explains PTSD variance. In conclusion, taking into account the contribution of distress and peritraumatic dissociation to predict psychopathological symptoms, and the contribution of coping to lower PTSD scores, education and training should help the professionals deal with these reactions and improve coping, and organizations should support professionals in the most disturbing situations. PMID:20827808

Maia, Angela Costa; Ribeiro, Eugénia

2010-10-01

69

Do Cognitive Models Help in Predicting the Severity of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Phobia, and Depression after Motor Vehicle Accidents? A Prospective Longitudinal Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study investigated the power of theoretically derived cognitive variables to predict posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), travel phobia, and depression following injury in a motor vehicle accident (MVA). MVA survivors (N = 147) were assessed at the emergency department on the day of their accident and 2 weeks, 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months…

Ehring, Thomas; Ehlers, Anke; Glucksman, Edward

2008-01-01

70

Posttraumatic growth, posttraumatic stress disorder and resilience of motor vehicle accident survivors  

PubMed Central

Background Although some previous studies have suggested that posttraumatic growth (PTG) is comprised of several factors with different properties, few have examined both the association between PTG and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and between PTG and resilience, focusing on each of the factors of PTG. This study aimed to examine the hypothesis that some factors of PTG, such as personal strength, relate to resilience, whereas other factors, such as appreciation of life, relate to PTSD symptoms among Japanese motor vehicle accident (MVA) survivors. Methods This cross-sectional study was performed with 118 MVA survivors at 18 months post MVA. Data analyzed included self-reporting questionnaire scores on the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI), the Impact of Event Scale- Revised (IES-R), and the Sense of Coherence (SOC) scale, which is one of the most widely used scales for measuring resilience. Correlations between scores on the PTGI and IES-R, the PTGI and SOC scale, and the IES-R and SOC scale were established by calculating Spearman's correlation coefficients. Results PTGI was positively correlated with both SOC and PTSD symptoms, in spite of an inverse relationship between SOC and PTSD symptoms. Relating to others, new possibilities, and personal strength on the PTGI were correlated positively with SOC, and spiritual change and appreciation of life on the PTGI were positively correlated with PTSD symptoms. Conclusions Some factors of PTG were positively correlated with resilience, which can be regarded as an outcome of coping success, whereas other factors of PTG were positively correlated with PTSD symptoms, which can be regarded as signifying coping effort in the face of enduring distress. These findings contribute to our understanding of the psychological change experienced by MVA survivors, and to raising clinicians' awareness of the possibility that PTG represents both coping effort coexisting with distress and outcome of coping success. PMID:20573276

2010-01-01

71

Assessment of risk due to vehicle accident for the plutonium solution transfer from H-area to F-area  

SciTech Connect

Transporting radioactive material onsite (intrasite transfers) via truck or train must be performed in a safe manner. Adequate safety is assured for each transfer, as documented in the corresponding Onsite Safety Assessment (OSA). One aspect of the OSA is to show that the package to be used for the transfer meets onsite acceptance criteria. The activity being analyzed in this report is the movement of plutonium solution with greater than 20 curies, all reasonable mitigative controls will be implemented to minimize the likelihood of an accidental release, and a probabilistic analysis will be used to evaluate the risk associated with the move. The purpose of this report is to document the evaluation of risk due to vehicle accident associated with transporting plutonium solution from H-area to F-area. Included in the report is a list of the required mitigative controls which reduce the predicted accident and release frequencies to those reported in the summary.

Sarrack, A.G.

1996-09-01

72

The relationship among highway geometrics, traffic-related elements and motor-vehicle accident frequencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research provides a demonstration of a statistical model of accident frequency that can eventually be used as part of a proactive program to allocate safety-related highway improvement funds. Negative binomial regressions of annual accident frequency on sections of principal arterials in Washington State were estimated using data from two years (1992 and 1993). In all, 31306 observations were used

John Milton; Fred Mannering

1998-01-01

73

Launch Vehicle Fire Accident Preliminary Analysis of a Liquid-Metal Cooled Thermionic Nuclear Reactor: TOPAZ-II  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, launch vehicle propellant fire accident analysis of TOPAZ-II reactor has been done by a thermionic reactor core analytic code-TATRHG(A) developed by author. When a rocket explodes on a launch pad, its payload-TOPAZ-II can be subjected to a severe thermal environment from the resulting fireball. The extreme temperatures associated with propellant fires can create a destructive environment in or near the fireball. Different kind of propellants - liquid propellant and solid propellant which will lead to different fire temperature are considered. Preliminary analysis shows that the solid propellant fires can melt the whole toxic beryllium radial reflector.

Hu, G.; Zhao, S.; Ruan, K.

2012-01-01

74

Effects of varying scoring rules of the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) for the diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder in motor vehicle accident victims  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined the effects of varying the scoring rules for the CAPS (Clinician Administered PTSD Scale) on the diagnosis of PTSD in a sample of 100 victims of recent motor vehicle accidents. This was done by assessing, for each scoring rule, the rate of categorical diagnosis and the effect on group mean scores on measures of subjective distress and role

Edward B. Blanchard; Edward J. Hickling; Ann E. Taylor; Catherine A. Forneris; Warren Loos; James Jaccard

1995-01-01

75

[Development of a lower limb model for the study of accident sequelae of vehicle-pedestrian collisions].  

PubMed

A major goal of the development and associated experimental investigation of car bumpers is the minimization of injuries in car-to-pedestrian collisions. Because the lower leg is particularly prone to injuries in a collision between a vehicle and a pedestrian, a lower leg model has been developed that makes it possible to simulate most of the processes occurring during an injury. In cooperation with the Institut für Biomedizinische Technik (Institute for Biomedical Technology) of the University of Stuttgart and the Kunststofflabor des Fachbereiches für Produktionstechnik (Institute for Production Methods) of the Fachhochschule für Technik (Polytech) Esslingen, a muscle tissue model has been designed that makes it possible to simulate in a first approximation the mechanical behaviour of biological tissue under accident-specific pressure, or in the case of a crush injury. Initial prototypes were built with bone models of the tibia and fibula and with a skin model whose relevant material parameters were taken from the literature. PMID:8364143

Mayer, C; Hochgeschwender, J

1993-06-01

76

48 CFR 252.228-7005 - Accident reporting and investigation involving aircraft, missiles, and space launch vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Accident reporting and investigation involving...Provisions And Clauses 252.228-7005 Accident reporting and investigation involving...d), use the following clause: Accident Reporting and Investigation...

2013-10-01

77

48 CFR 252.228-7005 - Accident reporting and investigation involving aircraft, missiles, and space launch vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Accident reporting and investigation involving...Provisions And Clauses 252.228-7005 Accident reporting and investigation involving...d), use the following clause: Accident Reporting and Investigation...

2012-10-01

78

48 CFR 252.228-7005 - Accident reporting and investigation involving aircraft, missiles, and space launch vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Accident reporting and investigation involving...Provisions And Clauses 252.228-7005 Accident reporting and investigation involving...d), use the following clause: Accident Reporting and Investigation...

2011-10-01

79

48 CFR 252.228-7005 - Accident reporting and investigation involving aircraft, missiles, and space launch vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Accident reporting and investigation involving...Provisions And Clauses 252.228-7005 Accident reporting and investigation involving...d), use the following clause: Accident Reporting and Investigation...

2010-10-01

80

48 CFR 252.228-7005 - Accident reporting and investigation involving aircraft, missiles, and space launch vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Accident reporting and investigation involving...Provisions And Clauses 252.228-7005 Accident reporting and investigation involving...d), use the following clause: Accident Reporting and Investigation...

2014-10-01

81

Statistical adjustment for misclassification of seat belt and alcohol use in the analysis of motor vehicle accident data.  

PubMed

The use of seat belts and alcohol is often mis-reported in police motor vehicle accident reports for a number of reasons. To avoid penalties, occupants often over report seat belt use and under report alcohol use. Police officers sometimes fail to account for evidence such as presence of belt burn, condition of belts, odor of alcohol, crash patterns, etc. Biased conclusions result when using misclassified accident data to estimate the effectiveness of seat belts in preventing injuries and reducing medical costs. We investigated the effects of misclassification of seat belt and alcohol use on the odds ratio of injury as well as medical costs. A statistical method and a SAS program were developed to adjust odds ratios of injury and medical cost estimates to account for misclassification of seat belts and alcohol use. The method allowed for incorporation of variables that could affect misclassification of seat belt and alcohol use. We conducted a Monte Carlo simulation and found that when there were large differences between the misclassification rates for major and minor injury, the unadjusted odds ratio could have up to a 90% bias while our adjusted odds ratio was effectively unbiased. To illustrate the method, we estimated the misclassification rates of seat belt and alcohol use by comparing merged police and hospital reports from Nebraska motor vehicle accident data sets (1996-1997) and then evaluated the bias of the odds ratio of injury and medical costs estimates due to misclassification. Our results showed that the bias of the odds ratio of injury and medical costs due to misclassification of seat belts and alcohol use depended both on the amount of misclassification and the reported frequencies. Misclassification about seat belt and alcohol use only slightly biased the unadjusted odds ratio estimates and mean hospital charge, while misclassification resulted in approximately a 69% underestimate of the total medical costs savings due to seatbelts. However, due to the small size of the merged Nebraska police and hospital data set used to estimate misclassification rates, these results are likely somewhat imprecise. PMID:16949537

Guo, Haifeng; Eskridge, Kent M; Christensen, Daniel; Qu, Ming; Safranek, Thomas

2007-01-01

82

An engineering study of rural motor vehicle accidents in Brazos County, Texas  

E-print Network

placed on the driver. Wl. en an accident does occur it should be of sucn nat?re as not to involve a hi?dewey design feature as a conTributi~ factor. A concerted and cooperative ef"crt sho;ld be made on the pert of the educatorsp enforcers and e?pic... 2 0 0 Ra, sno, etc o dsh eld CI CI w dsheid othe se obsc ed 0 0 vs on op sea ea Dy d o abele 0 CI Spec fy ofhe 0 0 Vtso 01 oDsc red 2 Cl 0 T ees, cn 0 0 Sunk g CI 0 Emba kmt 0 0 5 gnDoord 00Hocst 0 0 po ked ve 0 0 Mom g vt 0 0 sr '5...

Schleider, Robert Herman

2012-06-07

83

Drinking, Driving, and Crashing: A Traffic-Flow Model of Alcohol-Related Motor Vehicle Accidents*  

PubMed Central

Objective: This study examined the influence of on-premise alcohol-outlet densities and of drinking-driver densities on rates of alcohol-related motor vehicle crashes. A traffic-flow model is developed to represent geographic relationships between residential locations of drinking drivers, alcohol outlets, and alcohol-related motor vehicle crashes. Method: Cross-sectional and time-series cross-sectional spatial analyses were performed using data collected from 144 geographic units over 4 years. Data were obtained from archival and survey sources in six communities. Archival data were obtained within community areas and measured activities of either the resident population or persons visiting these communities. These data included local and highway traffic flow, locations of alcohol outlets, population density, network density of the local roadway system, and single-vehicle nighttime (SVN) crashes. Telephone-survey data obtained from residents of the communities were used to estimate the size of the resident drinking and driving population. Results: Cross-sectional analyses showed that effects relating on-premise densities to alcohol-related crashes were moderated by highway traffic flow. Depending on levels of highway traffic flow, 10% greater densities were related to 0% to 150% greater rates of SVN crashes. Time-series cross-sectional analyses showed that changes in the population pool of drinking drivers and on-premise densities interacted to increase SVN crash rates. Conclusions: A simple traffic-flow model can assess the effects of on-premise alcohol-outlet densities and of drinking-driver densities as they vary across communities to produce alcohol-related crashes. Analyses based on these models can usefully guide policy decisions on the siting of on-premise alcohol outlets. PMID:20230721

Gruenewald, Paul J.; Johnson, Fred W.

2010-01-01

84

Traumatic injuries in pregnant women: a case of motor vehicle accident for “Ground Round” discussion  

PubMed Central

Abstract: The main objective for introducing this case study is to create a platform from which the importance of road traffic related injuries and traumas can be emphasized and discussed within and across various fields of investigation. The long term goal is to entice public campaign around unmet needs for higher road safety measures to reduce primary, secondary, and tertiary risks of injuries and traumas. Case: A 28-year-old pregnant woman with a 16-week gestational age fetus was involved in a road car crash resulting in multiple traumas. Evaluation and treatment was initiated in the local Urgent Care Unit and continued in the emergency department and operation room. Patient underwent the following procedures: laparotomy, diverting colostomy, terminating pregnancy, right calcaneal traction and long leg splint, as well as multiple irrigation-debridements. Finally, the wound was left open and the patient was admitted to Intensive Care Unit. We hope that the introduction of this case for a "Ground Round" discussion will stir up a comprehensive discussion regarding the injury and trauma related preventive measures as well as treatment approaches in cases involving pregnant women in car accidents, and will bring about a holistic overview of this issue by the experts in various fields. PMID:21483215

Ahmadi, Alireza; Fakheri, Taravat; Amini-Saman, Javad; Amanollahi, Omid; Mordi, Mahmoudreza; Almasi Nasrabadi, Maryam; Gholipour, Yousef; Dehghani, Reza; Bazargan-Hejazi, Shahrzad

2011-01-01

85

A wait-list controlled pilot study of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) for children with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms from motor vehicle accidents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study investigated the efficacy of four EMDR sessions in comparison to a six-week wait-list control condition in the treatment of 27 children (aged 6 to 12 years) suffering from persistent PTSD symptoms after a motor vehicle accident. An effect for EMDR was identified on primary outcome and process measures including the Child Post-Traumatic Stress — Reaction Index, clinician

Michael Kemp; Peter Drummond; Brett McDermott

2010-01-01

86

41 CFR 101-39.407 - Accident records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AVIATION, TRANSPORTATION, AND MOTOR VEHICLES 39-INTERAGENCY FLEET MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS 39.4-Accidents and Claims § 101-39.407 Accident records. If GSA's records of vehicle accidents indicate that a particular...

2010-07-01

87

Mr. Joseph Cuadrado is an Associate in Exponent's Vehicle Engineering practice. He is experienced and has received specialized training in the areas of accident reconstruction and crash simulations, and supports a variety of full-scale vehicle tests performed at Exponent's Test and Engineering Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mr. Cuadrado's education, training, and experience include technical accident investigation and reconstruction, vehicle dynamics, computer-aided-drafting (CAD) software, 3-D vehicle dynamics and collision simulation programs, as well as MADYMO and finite element modeling. His support has extended to the Technology Development practice Tire Rapid Entanglement and Arresting Device (TREAD) program. Mr. Cuadrado extensively contributed to the design, testing, and manufacturing of

Joseph Cuadrado

88

Factors associated with automobile accidents and survival.  

PubMed

This paper develops an econometric model for vehicles' inherent mortality rate and estimates the probability of accidents and survival in the United States. Logistic regression model is used to estimate probability of survival, and censored regression model is used to estimate probability of accidents. The estimation results indicated that the probability of accident and survival are influenced by the physical characteristics of the vehicles involved in the accident, and by the characteristics of the driver and the occupants. Using restrain system and riding in heavy vehicle increased the survival rate. Middle-aged drivers are less susceptible to involve in an accident, and surprisingly, female drivers are more likely to have an accident than male drivers. Riding in powerful vehicles (high horsepower) and driving late night increase the probability of accident. Overall, the driving behavior and characteristics of vehicle does matter and affects the probabilities of having a fatal accident for different types of vehicles. PMID:16696930

Kim, Hong Sok; Kim, Hyung Jin; Son, Bongsoo

2006-09-01

89

Do Vehicle Recalls Reduce the Number of Accidents? The Case of the U.S. Car Market  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The number of automobile recalls in the U.S. has increased sharply in the last two decades, and the numbers of units involved are often counted in the millions. In 2010 alone, over 20 million vehicles were recalled in the United States, and the massive recalls of full model lines by Toyota have brought this issue to the front pages around the…

Bae, Yong-Kyun; Benitez-Silva, Hugo

2011-01-01

90

Physics in Auto Accidents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article concerns a particular application of the fundamentals of physics with which most physicists have little contact. Some elementary physics commonly used by our law enforcement officers in the reconstruction of automobile accidents is reviewed. In particular, formulas for the determination of (a) vehicle speed through skid marks, (b) minimum speed for a vehicle skidding off-course while turning a

George Barnes

1960-01-01

91

Injury risk to specific body regions of pedestrians in frontal vehicle crashes modeled by empirical, in-depth accident data.  

PubMed

Evaluation of safety benefits is an essential taskduring design and development of pedestrian protection systems. Comparative evaluation of different safety concepts is facilitated by a common metric taking into account the expected human benefits. Translation of physical characteristics of a collision, such as impact speed,into human benefits requires reliable and preferably evidence-based injury models. To this end, the dependence of injury severity of body regions on explanatory factors is quantified here using the US Pedestrian Crash Data Study (PCDS) for pedestrians in frontal vehicle collisions. The explanatory and causal factors include vehicle component characteristics, physiological and biomechanical variables, and crash parameters. Severe to serious injuries most often involve the head, thorax and lower extremities. In terms of causing components; severe head and thorax injuries occur mainly on the windshield and hood region; serious lower extremity injuries usually occur on the front bumper. In order to formulate a common metric for evaluating the effect sizes of distinct causal factors, multivariate models of injury severity are obtained by binary logistic regression. Impact speed is clearly the most important injury severity predictor for every body region, although biomechanical and physiological variables as well as geometrical characteristics of the vehicle are also significant in multivariate analysis, even controlling for speed. The injury-metric approach is illustrated in a comparison of hypothetical active and passive safety measures. The relative risk reduction to various body regions by this reduction is formulated as a benchmark for comparison of benefits from proposed structural changes to individual vehicle components. PMID:21512905

Helmer, Thomas; Ebner, Adrian; Samaha, Randa Radwan; Scullion, Paul; Kates, Ronald

2010-11-01

92

32 CFR 636.12 - Traffic accident investigation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Traffic accident investigation. 636.12 Section...Stewart, Georgia § 636.12 Traffic accident investigation. In addition to...will investigate reportable motor vehicle accidents involving government owned or...

2010-07-01

93

32 CFR 636.12 - Traffic accident investigation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2011-07-01 true Traffic accident investigation. 636.12 Section...Stewart, Georgia § 636.12 Traffic accident investigation. In addition to...will investigate reportable motor vehicle accidents involving government owned or...

2012-07-01

94

32 CFR 636.12 - Traffic accident investigation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Traffic accident investigation. 636.12 Section...Stewart, Georgia § 636.12 Traffic accident investigation. In addition to...will investigate reportable motor vehicle accidents involving government owned or...

2011-07-01

95

UoS Motor Accident Report Form COMPANY DETAILS  

E-print Network

UNIV01FL02 UoS Motor Accident Report Form COMPANY DETAILS INSURED: University of Sussex ADDRESS: LOCATION: DESCRIPTION OF HOW ACCIDENT HAPPENED: PLEASE DRAW A SKETCH OF THE ACCIDENT: #12;DRIVER DETAILS: PREVIOUS ACCIDENTS: ADDRESS: VEHICLE DETAILS DATE VEHICLE PURCHASED: MAKE/MODEL: REGISTRATION: MILEAGE

Sussex, University of

96

Tractor accidents in Swedish traffic.  

PubMed

The objective of this study is to reach a better understanding of accidents on Swedish roads involving tractors and to suggest ways of preventing them. In an earlier study we analyzed police-reported fatal accidents and accidents that led to physical injuries from 1992 to 2005. During each year of this period, tractors were involved in 128 traffic accidents on average, an average of 7 people were killed, 44 sustained serious injuries, and 143 sustained slight injuries. The number of fatalities in these tractor accidents was about 1.3% of all deaths in traffic accidents in Sweden. Cars were most often involved in the tractor accidents (58%) and 15% were single vehicle accidents. The mean age of the tractor driver involved was 39.8 years and young drivers (15-24 years) were overrepresented (30%). We are now increasing the data collected with the years 2006-2010 in order to study the changes in the number of accidents. Special attention will be given to the younger drivers and to single vehicle accidents. Based on the results we aim to develop suggestions for reducing road accidents, e.g. including measures for making farm vehicles more visible and improvement of the training provided at driving schools. PMID:22317543

Pinzke, Stefan; Nilsson, Kerstin; Lundqvist, Peter

2012-01-01

97

Effects of varying scoring rules of the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) for the diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder in motor vehicle accident victims.  

PubMed

We examined the effects of varying the scoring rules for the CAPS (Clinician Administered PTSD Scale) on the diagnosis of PTSD in a sample of 100 victims of recent motor vehicle accidents. This was done by assessing, for each scoring rule, the rate of categorical diagnosis and the effect on group mean scores on measures of subjective distress and role impairment. Changing from the most liberal to the most conservative scoring rule results in a change in diagnosis of PTSD from 44% to 29% of the sample. Comparisons of those included as PTSD under the most conservative scoring criteria vs those excluded (who had previously been included) reveal significantly greater subjective distress and role impairment among those who continue to be included in the PTSD category. Thus, changes in scoring rules have clinically significant effects on the incidence and severity of diagnosed PTSD. This indicates that the selection of scoring rules has important implications for epidemiological estimates of the prevalence of PTSD, and that PTSD studies using different scoring rules as inclusion criteria may be using somewhat different samples. PMID:7755537

Blanchard, E B; Hickling, E J; Taylor, A E; Forneris, C A; Loos, W; Jaccard, J

1995-05-01

98

Maladaptive cognitive appraisals mediate the evolution of posttraumatic stress reactions: A 6-month follow-up of child and adolescent assault and motor vehicle accident survivors.  

PubMed

A prospective longitudinal follow-up study (n = 59) of child and adolescent survivors of physical assaults and motor vehicle accidents assessed whether cognitive processes predicted posttraumatic stress symptomatology (PTSS) at 6 months posttrauma in this age group. In particular, the study assessed whether maladaptive posttraumatic appraisals mediated the relationship between initial and later posttraumatic stress. Self-report measures of PTSS, maladaptive appraisals, and other cognitive processes, as well as structured interviews assessing for acute stress disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), were completed at 2-4 weeks and 6 months posttrauma. PTSS and PTSD at 6 months were associated with maladaptive appraisals and other cognitive processes but not demographic or objective trauma severity variables. Only maladaptive appraisals were found to associate with PTSS/PTSD after partialing out initial symptoms/diagnosis and to mediate between initial and later PTSS. It was argued that, on this basis, maladaptive appraisals are involved in the development and maintenance of PTSS over time, whereas other cognitive processes (e.g., subjective threat, memory processes) may have an effect only in the acute phase. The implications of this study for the treatment of PTSS in youths are discussed. PMID:19899847

Meiser-Stedman, Richard; Dalgleish, Tim; Glucksman, Ed; Yule, William; Smith, Patrick

2009-11-01

99

Physics in Accident Investigations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes physics formulas which can be used by law enforcement officials to determine the possible velocity of vehicles involved in traffic accidents. These include, among others, the slide to stop-level road, slide to stop-sloping roadway, and slide to stop-two different surfaces formulas. (JN)

Brake, Mary L.

1981-01-01

100

ASSESSING CAUSAL FACTORS IN INDIVIDUAL ROAD ACCIDENTS  

E-print Network

ASSESSING CAUSAL FACTORS IN INDIVIDUAL ROAD ACCIDENTS: COLLECTIVE RESPONSIBILITY IN FREEWAY REAR accident report: Happened on I-94 in downtown Minneapolis Happened during the afternoon peak period Vehicle" is a "condition or event" such that "had the condition or event been prevented...the accident would not occur

Minnesota, University of

101

Light-Duty Vehicles in Tripped-Rollover Situations  

Microsoft Academic Search

one year, rollover impacts accounted for 9 percent of multiple-vehicle accident fatalities while rollovers accounted for 51 percent of single-vehicle accident fatalities. Light-duty vehicles include passenger cars, pickup trucks, vans, and sport-utility vehicles. Although much attention has been given to the study of vehicle rollover stability and to rollover-accident avoidance, research has yet to conclusively uncover an individual vehicle characteristic

Kenneth L. d'Entremont; Gary M. Hutter; Ralph L. Barnett; S. Carl Uzgiris; John P. Bederka; Jr. Richard Gullickson; Diane Moshman; James T. O'Donnell; William D. Sheridan; Audrone M. Stake; Lucinda Fuller; Shelley Hamilton; Brian D. King; Jeffery W. Abendshien; Leslie A. Savage; James T. Semrau; Theodore Liber; Dolores Gildin; Dennis B. Brickman; Michael A. Dilich; Christopher W. Ferrone; Claudine P. Giebs; Suzanne A. Glowiak; John M. Goebelbecker; Crispin Hales; Dror Kopernik; Woodrow Nelson; R. Kevin Smith; Harry R. Smith; William G. Switalski; Andrew H. Tudor; James R. Wingfield; Betty Bellows; Marna Forbes; Maureen Gilligan; Jan A. King; Norene Kramer; Florence Lasky; Neil Miller; Denise Prokudowicz; Jackie Schwartz; Peter Warner; Steven Witt; Glenn Werner; Mary A. Misiewicz; Charles D'Eccliss; Alison Newberry; Anthony Provenzano; Robin Stone; Christina Timmins; Lynn Wallace-Mills; Thomas E. Zabinski

1995-01-01

102

14 CFR 139.329 - Pedestrians and ground vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...foot, or operating a ground vehicle, in movement areas or safety...description and date of any accidents or incidents in the movement...carrier aircraft, a ground vehicle or a pedestrian. Records of each accident or incident occurring...

2010-01-01

103

19 CFR 125.35 - Report of loss, detention, or accident.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Report of loss, detention, or accident. 125.35 Section 125.35...Report of loss, detention, or accident. Any loss or detention of bonded merchandise, or any accident happening to a vehicle or lighter while...

2010-04-01

104

Berkeley Lab Accident Statistics Through January 31, 2012  

E-print Network

1 Berkeley Lab Accident Statistics Through January 31, 2012 These slides are updated on a monthly Systems Engineer suffered the injuries from a single vehicle motorcycle accident. The employee had braked

Eisen, Michael

105

49 CFR 177.843 - Contamination of vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...both sides of the exterior of the vehicle. These vehicles must be kept closed at all times...unloading. (c) In case of fire, accident, breakage, or unusual delay involving...subchapter. (d) Each transport vehicle used to transport...

2010-10-01

106

Survey of Bicycling Accidents in Boulder, Colorado.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey conducted in Boulder during the primary cycling months revealed that nearly half of bicycle accidents involved a motor vehicle and 30 percent were caused by gravel. Steps which can be taken to reduce the bicycle accident rate are presented. (MT)

Watts, Cliff K.; And Others

1986-01-01

107

Nuclear accidents  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Accidents at nuclear power plants can be especially devastating to people and the environment. This article, part of a series about the future of energy, introduces students to nuclear accidents at Chernobyl, Three Mile Island, and Tokaimura. Students explore the incidents by examining possible causes, environmental impacts, and effects on life.

Project, Iowa P.

2004-01-01

108

The Physics of Traffic Accidents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Shows how physics can be used to analyze and prevent traffic accidents by determining critical speeds on curves, the behavior of motor cycles and stability of articulated vehicles, and the visibility that is needed to make a minor road junction safe. (MLH)

Knight, Peter

1975-01-01

109

49 CFR 178.345-8 - Accident damage protection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Accident damage protection. 178.345-8...Vehicle Transportation § 178.345-8 Accident damage protection. (a) General...potential for the loss of lading due to an accident. (1) Any dome, sump, or...

2014-10-01

110

49 CFR 178.337-10 - Accident damage protection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Accident damage protection. 178.337-10...Vehicle Transportation § 178.337-10 Accident damage protection. (a) All...outboard of the stop valve and within the accident damage protection to prevent any...

2013-10-01

111

49 CFR 178.337-10 - Accident damage protection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Accident damage protection. 178.337-10...Vehicle Transportation § 178.337-10 Accident damage protection. (a) All...outboard of the stop valve and within the accident damage protection to prevent any...

2014-10-01

112

49 CFR 382.303 - Post-accident testing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Post-accident testing. 382.303 Section 382...Tests Required § 382.303 Post-accident testing. (a) As soon as practicable...with respect to the vehicle, if the accident involved the loss of human life;...

2011-10-01

113

49 CFR 382.303 - Post-accident testing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Post-accident testing. 382.303 Section 382...Tests Required § 382.303 Post-accident testing. (a) As soon as practicable...with respect to the vehicle, if the accident involved the loss of human life;...

2010-10-01

114

49 CFR 178.337-10 - Accident damage protection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Accident damage protection. 178.337-10...Vehicle Transportation § 178.337-10 Accident damage protection. (a) All...outboard of the stop valve and within the accident damage protection to prevent any...

2011-10-01

115

49 CFR 382.303 - Post-accident testing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Post-accident testing. 382.303 Section 382...Tests Required § 382.303 Post-accident testing. (a) As soon as practicable...with respect to the vehicle, if the accident involved the loss of human life;...

2012-10-01

116

49 CFR 382.303 - Post-accident testing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Post-accident testing. 382.303 Section 382...Tests Required § 382.303 Post-accident testing. (a) As soon as practicable...with respect to the vehicle, if the accident involved the loss of human life;...

2013-10-01

117

49 CFR 178.337-10 - Accident damage protection.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Accident damage protection. 178.337-10...Vehicle Transportation § 178.337-10 Accident damage protection. (a) All...outboard of the stop valve and within the accident damage protection to prevent any...

2012-10-01

118

Policy 3240 Accident Review Committee 1 OLD DOMINION UNIVERSITY  

E-print Network

Policy 3240 ­ Accident Review Committee 1 OLD DOMINION UNIVERSITY University Policy Policy #3240 ACCIDENT REVIEW COMMITTEE Responsible Oversight Executive: Vice President for Administration and Finance vehicles for which ODU is responsible and the University's Accident Review Committee in the review

119

49 CFR 382.303 - Post-accident testing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Post-accident testing. 382.303 Section 382...Tests Required § 382.303 Post-accident testing. (a) As soon as practicable...with respect to the vehicle, if the accident involved the loss of human life;...

2014-10-01

120

Estimation of vehicle lateral tire-road forces: a comparison between extended and unscented Kalman filtering  

E-print Network

Estimation of vehicle lateral tire-road forces: a comparison between extended and unscented Kalman of accident data reveals that losing the vehicle control is responsible for a huge proportion of car accidents. Preventing such kind of accidents using vehicle control systems, requires certain input data concerning

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

121

Investigation of Human Factors in UAV Accidents Based on Analysis of Statistical Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human errors are held responsible for over 65% of accidents in more than one hundred years of manned aviation history. To evaluate the role of human factors related to accidents of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), a sample data of 56 US Army UAV accidents was used in this study, out of which 32 were related to accidents of Hunter UAV

Manzoor M. Nasir; Qin Shi-Yin

2011-01-01

122

Occupational accidents among elderly farmers in Sweden.  

PubMed

The workforce in many countries nowadays is becoming older due to demographic change. Compared with many other occupations, farmers often work until a higher age. This study analysed occupational accidents to farmers in Sweden from an age perspective using data on 223 work injuries on farms and 990 road accidents involving tractors. The results showed that older farmers were not significantly more often injured than younger farmers, but appeared to suffer more hits and kicks from animals and were involved in more vehicle accidents than younger farmers. Older tractor drivers were more often involved in road turning accidents and in overtaking accidents involving private cars. Older farmers also sustained more skeletal injuries and took longer to heal after an accident. PMID:22317544

Nilsson, Kerstin; Pinzke, Stefan

2012-01-01

123

Supplemental national crash severity study accident reconstruction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Accident data was collected that allows determination of the relationships between occupant injury and accident severity. The measure of severity most commonly used to characterize an accident is the velocity change experienced by the passenger compartment during the collision. In some 52 percent of the accidents contained in the pre-April 1978 National Crash Severity Study (NCSS) data file, these velocity changes were established with the CRASH computer program. A substantial number of the remaining cases were reconstructable with other methods. Procedures were developed to estimate velocity changes in two car accidents in which the damage to 484 additional accidents from the pre-April 1978 NCSS file were reconstructed to the point of having velocity change estimates for the vehicles involved.

Segal, D. J.; McGrath, M. T.; Balasubramanian, N.

1980-09-01

124

Systematic variation of the severity of motor vehicle accident-related traumatic brain injury vignettes produces different post-concussion symptom reports.  

PubMed

This study investigated the specificity of the post-concussion syndrome (PCS) expectation-as-etiology hypothesis. Undergraduate students (n?=?551) were randomly allocated to one of three vignette conditions. Vignettes depicted either a very mild (VMI), mild (MI), or moderate-to-severe (MSI) motor vehicle-related traumatic brain injury (TBI). Participants reported the PCS and PTSD symptoms that they imagined the depicted injury would produce. Secondary outcomes (knowledge of mild TBI, and the perceived undesirability of TBI) were also assessed. After data screening, the distribution of participants by condition was: VMI (n?=?100), MI (n?=?96), and MSI (n?=?71). There was a significant effect of condition on PCS symptomatology, F(2, 264)?=?16.55, p??VMI; medium effect, r?=?.33; MSI?> MI; small-to-medium effect, r?=?.22). The same pattern of group differences was found for PTSD symptoms, F(2, 264)?=?17.12, p?

Sullivan, Karen A; Edmed, Shannon L

2012-01-01

125

Please cite this article in press as: Gjerde, H., et al., Prevalence of alcohol and drugs among Norwegian motor vehicle drivers: A roadside survey. Accid. Anal. Prev. (2008), doi:10.1016/j.aap.2008.06.015  

E-print Network

in a road traffic accident. However, compared to alcohol, less evidence is available for the accident risk and data on drug prevalence in drivers involved in road traffic accidents. The prevalence of driving under of alcohol, psychoactive medicinal drugs and illegal drugs among drivers in Norwegian road traffic. Drivers

Aldrin, Magne

126

Tourist accidents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health issues associated with international tourism are now attracting interest from diverse researchers as they examine the interconnections between health and tourism. Despite this new popularity, no mainstream tourism journal has published any substantial research study-on this topic to date. This article examines one area of tourist health hitherto neglected in studies of travel medicine: tourist accidents. The paper commences

Stephen J. Page; Denny Meyer

1996-01-01

127

Nuclear accident  

Microsoft Academic Search

A malfunctioning valve at the Three Mile Island power plant in Pennsylvania was the prelude to the worst nuclear accident in U.S. history. Despite assurances that radiation leaked from the plant posed no immediate threat, the population around the plant dwindled as unforced weekend evacuations grew common. Radiation at the power plant site reached 30 mrem\\/hr on March 30. While

T. Mathews; S. Agrest; G. Borger; M. Lord; W. D. Marbach; W. J. Cook; M. Sheils

1979-01-01

128

Adaptive Dissemination of Safety Data Among Vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

In-vehicle active safety systems are directed towards reducing the number of accidents or at least alleviating their consequences. One of the key technologies for developing these systems is safety vehicular communication. This paper proposes an adaptive approach to dissemination of safety data among vehicles. This data is then used by systems in vehicles for identifying hazards in traffic and reacting

Ioan Chisalita; Nahid Shahmehri

2006-01-01

129

14 CFR 431.79 - Reusable launch vehicle mission reporting requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Requirements-Reusable Launch Vehicle Mission License Terms and Conditions...431.79 Reusable launch vehicle mission reporting requirements...information, including the vehicle, launch site, planned launch...licensee must report a launch accident, launch incident,...

2010-01-01

130

Injuries to pedestrians in road traffic accidents.  

PubMed Central

Although there have been many reports on injuries to occupants of cars in road traffic accidents, there have been few prospective studies of injuries to pedestrians in such accidents. For this reason a two year prospective study of pedestrians in road traffic accidents in the Oxford region was carried out. The incidence of death in pedestrians was significantly higher than in car occupants or motorcyclists. The principal determinant of death was the weight of the vehicle concerned. The most common site of injury was the head because of a high incidence of brief concussion, but the most common site of serious injuries was the leg. Injuries to all regions of the body increased with age and with the weight of the vehicle in the collision. Accidents most often concerned young children or the elderly. PMID:3147003

Atkins, R. M.; Turner, W. H.; Duthie, R. B.; Wilde, B. R.

1988-01-01

131

A Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communication Protocol for Cooperative Collision Warning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a vehicle-to-vehicle commu- nication protocol for cooperative collision warning. Emerging wireless technologies for vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) and vehicle-to- roadside (V2R) communications such as DSRC (1) are promising to dramatically reduce the number of fatal roadway accidents by providing early warnings. One major technical challenge addressed in this paper is to achieve low-latency in deliver- ing emergency warnings in

Xue Yang; Jie Liu; Feng Zhao; Nitin H. Vaidya

2004-01-01

132

Approaching vehicle alert system for pedestrians using UWB impulse radio  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accidents between battery-operated vehicles and pedestrians are expected to increase as electric vehicles (EV) or plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHV) are widely used in near future because of small ambient noise of EV\\/PHV. To prevent such accidents, a portable alert system for pedestrians to detect approaching vehicle is proposed in this paper. The alert system exploits ultra-wideband impulse radio (UWB-IR) for

Keiichi Nakamura; Hisanori Matsumoto; S. Kobayashi; N. Koshizuka; K. Sakamura

2010-01-01

133

Teens, Young Adults Most Likely to Go to ER After Car Accidents  

MedlinePLUS

... MedlinePlus Pages Emergency Medical Services Health Disparities Motor Vehicle Safety FRIDAY, Jan. 30, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- In ... hospital ER with injuries suffered in a motor vehicle accident. Race was another factor that raised the ...

134

26 CFR 1.179A-1 - Recapture of deduction for qualified clean-fuel vehicle property and qualified clean-fuel vehicle...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...reason to know that the vehicle will be used in a manner...disposition by reason of an accident or other casualty) of qualified clean-fuel vehicle property is not a recapture...disposition by reason of an accident or other casualty) of qualified clean-fuel vehicle refueling property...

2010-04-01

135

Accident Avoidance Skill Training and Performance Testing. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A two-phased study was conducted to determine the feasibility of training drivers to acquire skills needed to avoid critical conflict motor vehicle accidents, and to develop the procedures and materials necessary for such training. Basic data were derived from indepth accident investigations and task analyses of driver behavior. Principal…

Hatterick, G. Richard; Barthurst, James R.

136

Cellular phones and traffic accidents: An epidemiological approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using epidemiological case-control design and logistic regression techniques, this study examined the association of cellular phone use in motor vehicles and traffic accident risk. The amount of time per month spent talking on a cellular phone and 18 other driver inattention factors were examined. Data were obtained from: 1.(1) a case group of 100 randomly selected drivers involved in accidents

John M. Violanti; James R. Marshall

1996-01-01

137

Causes and effects of road traffic accidents in Saudi Arabia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Saudi Arabia the motor vehicle is the main means of transportation. Between 1971 and 1997; 564 762 people died or were injured in road traffic accidents, a figure equivalent to 3.5% of the total population in Saudi Arabia. During this period 66 914 people have died on the roads in Saudi Arabia due to road accidents, amounting to one

S Ansari; F Akhdar; M Mandoorah; K Moutaery

2000-01-01

138

Pedestrian-Cyclist Accidents in New York State: 2007-2010  

E-print Network

Pedestrian-Cyclist Accidents in New York State: 2007-2010 Principal Investigators: Peter Tuckel considerable attention has been paid to pedestrians involved in motor vehicle accidents, little attention has been accorded to pedestrians involved in accidents resulting from collisions with cyclists. This lack

Qiu, Weigang

139

NO NAME:Accident reporting and Auto Insurance.doc July 15, 2014  

E-print Network

NO NAME:Accident reporting and Auto Insurance.doc July 15, 2014 STATEMENT OF RESOURCES TO ADDRESS CLAIMS ARISING FROM ACCIDENTS INVOLVING VEHICLES OPERATED ON UNIVERSITY BUSINESS This statement contains a general description of resources available in connection with claims arising from accidents involving

Kelly, Scott David

140

Consequences of road traffic accidents for different types of road user  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study aimed to describe the immediate and later physical, social and psychological consequences of a road traffic accident for vehicle occupants, motorcyclists, cyclists and pedestrians amongst consecutive hospital attenders at an Accident and Emergency Department. Physical and accident details were collated from hospital records. Subjects completed questionnaires at hospital attendance, 3 months, 1 and 3 years.There were 1148 respondents

Richard Mayou; Bridget Bryant

2003-01-01

141

Reconfigurable mobile manipulation for accident response  

SciTech Connect

The need for a telerobotic vehicle with hazard sensing and integral manipulation capabilities has been identified for use in transportation accidents where nuclear weapons are involved. The Accident Response Mobile Manipulation System (ARMMS) platform has been developed to provide remote dexterous manipulation and hazard sensing for the Accident Response Group (ARG) at Sandia National Laboratories. The ARMMS' mobility platform is a military HMMWV [High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle] that is teleoperated over RF or Fiber Optic communication channels. ARMMS is equipped with two high strength Schilling Titan II manipulators and a suite of hazardous gas and radiation sensors. Recently, a modular telerobotic control architecture call SMART (Sandia Modular Architecture for Robotic and Teleoperation) has been applied to ARMMS. SMART enables input devices and many system behaviors to be rapidly configured in the field for specific mission needs. This paper summarizes current SMART developments applied to ARMMS.

ANDERSON,ROBERT J.; MORSE,WILLIAM D.; SHIREY,DAVID L.; CDEBACA,DANIEL M.; HOFFMAN JR.,JOHN P.; LUCY,WILLIAM E.

2000-06-06

142

Killer crashes: Fatal road traffic accidents in the UK  

Microsoft Academic Search

Road traffic accidents are responsible for over 3000 deaths per year in the UK, according to Department for Transport (2004a) figures. Although progress is being made in a number of areas, vehicle occupant fatalities have not been falling in line with casualty reduction targets for the year 2010. A sample of 1185 fatal vehicle occupant cases was considered, from ten

David D. Clarke; Patrick Ward; Craig Bartle; Wendy Truman

2010-01-01

143

Hypothetical Reactor Accident Study  

E-print Network

- W 4 DfcSkoollo Rise-R-427 CARNSORE: Hypothetical Reactor Accident Study O. Walmod-Larsen, N. O: HYPOTHETICAL REACTOR ACCIDENT STUDY O. Walmod-Larsen, N.O. Jensen, L. Kristensen, A. Heide, K.L. Nedergård, P-basis accident and a series of hypothetical core-melt accidents to a 600 MWe reactor are de- scribed

144

CHARACTERIZATION OF WILD PIG VEHICLE COLLISIONS  

SciTech Connect

Wild pig (Sus scrofa) collisions with vehicles are known to occur in the United States, but only minimal information describing these accidents has been reported. In an effort to better characterize these accidents, data were collected from 179 wild pig-vehicle collisions from a location in west central South Carolina. Data included accident parameters pertaining to the animals involved, time, location, and human impacts. The age structure of the animals involved was significantly older than that found in the population. Most collisions involved single animals; however, up to seven animals were involved in individual accidents. As the number of animals per collision increased, the age and body mass of the individuals involved decreased. The percentage of males was significantly higher in the single-animal accidents. Annual attrition due to vehicle collisions averaged 0.8 percent of the population. Wild pig-vehicle collisions occurred year-round and throughout the 24-hour daily time period. Most accidents were at night. The presence of lateral barriers was significantly more frequent at the collision locations. Human injuries were infrequent but potentially serious. The mean vehicle damage estimate was $1,173.

Mayer, J; Paul E. Johns, P

2007-05-23

145

Personnel emergency carrier vehicle  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A personnel emergency carrier vehicle is disclosed which includes a vehicle frame supported on steerable front wheels and driven rear wheels. A supply of breathing air is connected to quick connect face mask coupling and umbilical cord couplings for supplying breathing air to an injured worker or attendant either with or without a self-contained atmospheric protection suit for protection against hazardous gases at an accident site. A non-sparking hydraulic motion is utilized to drive the vehicle and suitable direction and throttling controls are provided for controlling the delivery of a hydraulic driving fluid from a pressurized hydraulic fluid accumulator. A steering axis is steerable through a handle to steer the front wheels through a linkage assembly.

Owens, Lester J. (inventor); Fedor, Otto H. (inventor)

1987-01-01

146

26 CFR 1.30-1 - Definition of qualified electric vehicle and recapture of credit for qualified electric vehicle.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...30 sells or disposes of the vehicle and knows or has reason to know that the vehicle will be used in a manner described...disposition by reason of an accident or other casualty) of a qualified electric vehicle is not a recapture event....

2010-04-01

147

Simulation study of traffic car accidents in single-lane highway  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper we numerically study the probability Pac of the occurrence of car accidents in the extended Nagel-Schreckenberg (NS) model in the case of mixture of fast (Vmax1=5) and slow vehicles (Vmax2=1) by taking also to the risky overtaking of fast vehicles. In comparison with previous existing models, we find that accidents can occur in the free traffic phase and/or congested one depending on the overtaking rate of fast vehicles. The effect of evacuation of damaged vehicles from the road with probabilities Pevf and Pevs of fast and slow vehicles respectively on the traffic flow behavior is also computed.

Bentaleb, Khalid; Lakouari, Noureddine; Marzoug, Rachid; Ez-Zahraouy, Hamid; Benyoussef, Abdelilah

2014-11-01

148

An Empirical Study of Inter-Vehicle Communication Performance Using NS-2  

E-print Network

road safety. The ability of vehicles to communicate is a promising way to alleviate traffic accidentsroad safety. The ability for vehicles to communicate is a promising way to alleviate traffic accidents

Jung, Jaeyoung; Chen, Rex; Jin, Wenlong; Jayakrishnan, R.; Regan, Amelia C

2010-01-01

149

Rules of the Road for Transporting Children--Guidelines for Developing a Motor Vehicle Safety Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses safety issues for child care centers that provide transportation for children. Notes the importance of vehicle usage and control, driver qualifications, vehicle maintenance, child securement, accident procedures, and driver education and training. (JPB)

Hooker, Bruce; Gearhart, Kentin

1999-01-01

150

Designing an Experimental "Accident"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an experimental "accident" that resulted in much student learning, seeks help in the identification of nematodes, and suggests biology teachers introduce similar accidents into their teaching to stimulate student interest. (PEB)

Picker, Lester

1974-01-01

151

Interpreting Accident Statistics  

E-print Network

Accident statistics have often been used to support the argument that an abnormally small proportion of drivers account for a large proportion of the accidents. This paper compares statistics developed from six-year data ...

Ferreira, Joseph Jr.

152

Group Accident Insurance Certificate  

E-print Network

Group Accident Insurance Certificate Regents of the University of New Mexico #12;#12;Life Insurance Company GROUP ACCIDENT CERTIFICATE THIS CERTIFICATE PROVIDES LIMITED COVERAGE. PLEASE READ YOUR. THIS CERTIFICATE IS ISSUED UNDER AN ACCIDENT ONLY POLICY. IT DOES NOT PAY BENEFITS FOR LOSS CAUSED BY SICKNESS. GA

New Mexico, University of

153

Electric vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

The renewed interest in electric vehicles (EVs) in the wake of the California Air Resources Board mandate that 2% of the vehicles lighter than 3750 lb (1700 kg) sold by each manufacturer in that state in 1998 be zero-emission vehicles is examined. The reasons why replacing an internal combustion vehicle (ICV) with an electrically powered equivalent greatly reduces air pollution,

M. J. Riezenman

1992-01-01

154

Computer simulation of the accident with nine victims.  

PubMed

In the paper we wish to emphasise the significance of vehicle driving dynamics analysis in the collision phase and occupant load analysis by means of using a software environment. Thereby we also wish to present the results of the simulation of the course of a traffic accident with nine victims that arose from a collision between an Audi A6 passenger car and the VW Caravelle van. In treating the traffic accident the forensic expert was faced with the questions about what caused the injuries to the front passenger in the Audi A6 passenger car, about the way the two vehicles had collided, about their collision velocities, about the way the two vehicles were handled and about the causes that originated the traffic accident. The critical situation on the road was a consequence of the tiredness of the van driver, the inadequate use of the passive safety systems and overloading the van. PMID:16410168

Balazic, Joze; Prebil, Ivan; Certanc, Niko

2006-01-27

155

Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communication: Fair Transmit Power Control for Safety-Critical Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Direct radio-based vehicle-to-vehicle communication can help prevent accidents by providing accurate and up-to-date local status and hazard information to the driver. In this paper, we assume that two types of messages are used for traffic safety-related communication: 1) Periodic messages (ldquobeaconsrdquo) that are sent by all vehicles to inform their neighbors about their current status (i.e., position) and 2) event-driven

Marc Torrent-Moreno; Jens Mittag; Paolo Santi; Hannes Hartenstein

2009-01-01

156

Safe Operation of Commercial Vehicles. Module SH-18. Safety and Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This student module on safe operation of commercial vehicles is one of 50 modules concerned with job safety and health. This module discusses causes of vehicle accidents, economic reasons for accident control, and considerations for preventive maintenance. Following the introduction, 11 objectives (each keyed to a page in the text) the student is…

Center for Occupational Research and Development, Inc., Waco, TX.

157

Cooperative Inter-vehicle Communication Protocol with Low Cost Differential GPS  

E-print Network

of accident numbers by issuing hazard warnings [2]. In addition to improve road traffic safety, the ITS to vehicle status, road traffic, and geographic environment. It supports location-based communication Each year in Europe, 1,300,000 vehicle accidents result in 1,700,000 personal injuries. The financial

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

158

Road Traffic Accident Analysis of Ajmer City Using Remote Sensing and GIS Technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With advancement in technology, new and sophisticated models of vehicle are available and their numbers are increasing day by day. A traffic accident has multi-facet characteristics associated with it. In India 93% of crashes occur due to Human induced factor (wholly or partly). For proper traffic accident analysis use of GIS technology has become an inevitable tool. The traditional accident database is a summary spreadsheet format using codes and mileposts to denote location, type and severity of accidents. Geo-referenced accident database is location-referenced. It incorporates a GIS graphical interface with the accident information to allow for query searches on various accident attributes. Ajmer city, headquarter of Ajmer district, Rajasthan has been selected as the study area. According to Police records, 1531 accidents occur during 2009-2013. Maximum accident occurs in 2009 and the maximum death in 2013. Cars, jeeps, auto, pickup and tempo are mostly responsible for accidents and that the occurrence of accidents is mostly concentrated between 4PM to 10PM. GIS has proved to be a good tool for analyzing multifaceted nature of accidents. While road safety is a critical issue, yet it is handled in an adhoc manner. This Study is a demonstration of application of GIS for developing an efficient database on road accidents taking Ajmer City as a study. If such type of database is developed for other cities, a proper analysis of accidents can be undertaken and suitable management strategies for traffic regulation can be successfully proposed.

Bhalla, P.; Tripathi, S.; Palria, S.

2014-12-01

159

[Mortality in traffic accidents in Bayamo, Cuba 2011].  

PubMed

With the objective of describing mortality from traffic accidents in Bayamo, Cuba, in 2011 a review was performed of injured and deceased patients due to traffic accidents, recorded in the Hospital Carlos M. de Céspedes. Of the 1,365 injured patients treated in the emergency room, the predominant groups were individuals aged 25 to 44 years comprising 372 patients (27.3%) and men comprising 1,071 (78.5%). 46 people died, most from the same age group and male. Multiple traumatisms (52.6%) and craniofacial trauma (34.2%) were the predominant injuries. Motor vehicle-pedestrian accidents stood out with a mortality of 26.3%. In conclusion, mortality from traffic accidents predominately occurs in young male adults, whose fatal consequences are due to multiple traumatisms from road accidents. PMID:25597725

Piña-Tornés, Arlines; González-Longoria, Lourdes; González-Pardo, Secundino; Acosta-González, Ariel; Vintimilla-Burgos, Patricio; Paspuel-Yar, Silvana

2014-12-01

160

Traffic Accident involvement rates by driver age and gender  

Microsoft Academic Search

Passenger-vehicle travel data from the 1990 Nationwide Personal Transportation Survey were combined with crash data from the 1990 Fatal Accident Reporting System and the 1990 General Estimates System to produce crash involvement rates per vehicle-mile of travel. Elevated rates were observed for drivers aged 16–19 and 75 and over. The oldest drivers had the highest fatal involvement rate, while the

Dawn L. Massie; Kenneth L. Campbell; Allan F. Williams

1995-01-01

161

Road traffic accidents among alcohol-dependent patients: The effect of treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is well known that driving under the influence of alcohol increases the risk of traffic accidents. Alcohol-dependent patients are responsible for two-thirds of motor vehicle crashes involving alcohol. Studies carried out on the general population have shown a relation between alcohol dependence and traffic accidents.The aim of the study is to analyse the effect on traffic accidents of treatment

M. Trinidad Gómez-Talegón; F. Javier Alvarez

2006-01-01

162

Incentive systems for accident-free and violation-free driving in the general population  

Microsoft Academic Search

A comprehensive model of driver behaviour and accident causation shows four central variables: (a) perceptual skills relative to accident risk, (b) judgemental (decisional) skills relevant to risk-reducing and risk-enhancing actions, (c) psychomotor control skills related to vehicle handling and (d) the target level of risk, that is the degree of risk the driver wishes to accept. It can be shown

GERALD J. S. WILDE; PAUL A. MURDOCH

1982-01-01

163

RULE MINING AND CLASSIFICATION OF ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS USING ADAPTIVE REGRESSION TREES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Road traffic accidents are among the top leading causes of deaths and injuries of various levels. Ethiopia is experiencing highest rate of such accidents resulting in fatalities and various levels of injuries. Addis Ababa, the capital city of Ethiopia, takes the lion's share of the risk having higher number of vehicles and traffic and the cost of these fatalities and

TIBEBE BESHAH TESEMA; AJITH ABRAHAM; CRINA GROSAN

164

Mapping Application of Laser Distance Meter at Road Traffic Accident Scenes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Immediately after the occurrence of a road traffic accident, investigators need to measure items relating to position, distance, length, width, height, etc, such as the position and length of wheel tracking, positions and heights of obstructions, stopping points of vehicles and distances among fixed objects. Collecting field data at an accident scene can

T. Hugh Woo; Shih-Ming Ho; Wei-Long Yin

165

Anatomy of an Accident.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The findings of industrial safety engineers in the areas of accident causation and prevention are wholly applicable to adventure programs. Adventure education instructors can use safety engineering concepts to assess the risk in a particular activity, understand factors that cause accidents, and intervene to minimize injuries and damages if…

Mobley, Michael

1984-01-01

166

Electric vehicles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quiet, clean, and efficient, electric vehicles (EVs) may someday become a practical mode of transportation for the general public. Electric vehicles can provide many advantages for the nation's environment and energy supply because they run on electricity, which can be produced from many sources of energy such as coal, natural gas, uranium, and hydropower. These vehicles offer fuel versatility to the transportation sector, which depends almost solely on oil for its energy needs. Electric vehicles are any mode of transportation operated by a motor that receives electricity from a battery or fuel cell. EVs come in all shapes and sizes and may be used for different tasks. Some EVs are small and simple, such as golf carts and electric wheel chairs. Others are larger and more complex, such as automobile and vans. Some EVs, such as fork lifts, are used in industries. In this fact sheet, we will discuss mostly automobiles and vans. There are also variations on electric vehicles, such as hybrid vehicles and solar-powered vehicles. Hybrid vehicles use electricity as their primary source of energy, however, they also use a backup source of energy, such as gasoline, methanol or ethanol. Solar-powered vehicles are electric vehicles that use photovoltaic cells (cells that convert solar energy to electricity) rather than utility-supplied electricity to recharge the batteries. These concepts are discussed.

1990-03-01

167

Electric vehicles  

SciTech Connect

Quiet, clean, and efficient, electric vehicles (EVs) may someday become a practical mode of transportation for the general public. Electric vehicles can provide many advantages for the nation's environment and energy supply because they run on electricity, which can be produced from many sources of energy such as coal, natural gas, uranium, and hydropower. These vehicles offer fuel versatility to the transportation sector, which depends almost solely on oil for its energy needs. Electric vehicles are any mode of transportation operated by a motor that receives electricity from a battery or fuel cell. EVs come in all shapes and sizes and may be used for different tasks. Some EVs are small and simple, such as golf carts and electric wheel chairs. Others are larger and more complex, such as automobile and vans. Some EVs, such as fork lifts, are used in industries. In this fact sheet, we will discuss mostly automobiles and vans. There are also variations on electric vehicles, such as hybrid vehicles and solar-powered vehicles. Hybrid vehicles use electricity as their primary source of energy, however, they also use a backup source of energy, such as gasoline, methanol or ethanol. Solar-powered vehicles are electric vehicles that use photovoltaic cells (cells that convert solar energy to electricity) rather than utility-supplied electricity to recharge the batteries. This paper discusses these concepts.

Not Available

1990-03-01

168

A drowsy driver detection system for heavy vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Driver drowsiness\\/fatigue is an important cause of combination-unit truck crashes. Drowsy driver detection methods can form the basis of a system to potentially reduce accidents related to drowsy driving. We report on efforts performed at the Carnegie Mellon Driving Research Center to develop such in vehicle driver monitoring systems. Commercial motor vehicle truck drivers were studied in actual fleet operations.

R. Grace; V. E. Byrne; D. M. Bierman; J.-M. Legrand; D. Gricourt; B. K. Davis; J. J. Staszewski; B. Carnahan

1998-01-01

169

Enhancing Road Weather Information Through Vehicle Infrastructure Integration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vehicle Infrastructure Integration (VII) represents a concept that has the potential to aid in the reduction of weather -related accidents on U.S. roadways , while increasing surface transportation mobility and efficiency . Technological advancements in the automotive and telecommunications industr ies have resulted in the a bility of vehicles to acquire and utilize high temporal and spatial resolution information associated

Kevin R. Petty; William P. Mahoney

2007-01-01

170

MEASUREMENTS OF VISIBILITY FROM THE DRIVING SEAT OF MOTOR VEHICLES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Even in daylight in clear conditions the driver's visibility, both forward and rearwurd, is restricted by the structure of the vehicle. Important sections of the view can be obscured ; thus a windscreen pillar can obscure a pedestrian Or cyclist until it is too late to avoid an accident. A given vehicle has certain visibility characteristics. The work described in

R. A. C. FOSBERRY

1958-01-01

171

Vehicle classification for road tunnel surveillance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Vehicle classification for tunnel surveillance aims to not only retrieve vehicle class statistics, but also prevent accidents by recognizing vehicles carrying dangerous goods. In this paper, we describe a method to classify vehicle images that experience different geometrical variations and challenging photometrical conditions such as those found in road tunnels. Unlike previous approaches, we propose a classification method that does not rely on the length and height estimation of the vehicles. Alternatively, we propose a novel descriptor based on trace transform signatures to extract salient and non-correlated information of the vehicle images. Also, we propose a metric that measures the complexity of the vehicles' shape based on corner point detection. As a result, these features describe the vehicle's appearance and shape complexity independently of the scale, pose, and illumination conditions. Experiments with vehicles captured from three different cameras confirm the saliency and robustness of the features proposed, achieving an overall accuracy of 97.5% for the classification of four different vehicle classes. For vehicles transporting dangerous goods, our classification scheme achieves an average recall of 97.6% at a precision of 98.6% for the combination of lorries and tankers, which is a very good result considering the scene conditions.

Frías-Velázquez, Andrés.; Van Hese, Peter; Pižurica, Aleksandra; Philips, Wilfried

2013-03-01

172

Weather and climate affect most aspects of life. Information about particular weather or climate conditions can influence legal issues such as traffic accidents,  

E-print Network

or climate conditions can influence legal issues such as traffic accidents, construction delays, property damage, agricultural losses, work-related accidents, personal injury, and unlawful death or homicide involved in: · Motor vehicle, aviation, railroad, marine, and boating accidents · Extreme weather incidents

173

Traffic Analysis and Road Accidents: A Case Study of Hyderabad using GIS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Globalization has impacted many developing countries across the world. India is one such country, which benefited the most. Increased, economic activity raised the consumption levels of the people across the country. This created scope for increase in travel and transportation. The increase in the vehicles since last 10 years has put lot of pressure on the existing roads and ultimately resulting in road accidents. It is estimated that since 2001 there is an increase of 202 percent of two wheeler and 286 percent of four wheeler vehicles with no road expansion. Motor vehicle crashes are a common cause of death, disability and demand for emergency medical care. Globally, more than 1 million people die each year from traffic crashes and about 20-50 million are injured or permanently disabled. There has been increasing trend in road accidents in Hyderabad over a few years. GIS helps in locating the accident hotspots and also in analyzing the trend of road accidents in Hyderabad.

Bhagyaiah, M.; Shrinagesh, B.

2014-06-01

174

Vehicle systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Perspectives of the subpanel on expendable launch vehicle structures and cryotanks are: (1) new materials which provide the primary weight savings effect on vehicle mass/size; (2) today's investment; (3) typically 10-20 years to mature and fully characterize new materials.

Bales, Tom; Modlin, Tom; Suddreth, Jack; Wheeler, Tom; Tenney, Darrel R.; Bayless, Ernest O.; Lisagor, W. Barry; Bolstad, Donald A.; Croop, Harold; Dyer, J.

1993-01-01

175

41 CFR 101-39.307 - Grounds for withdrawal of vehicle.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...subpart 101-39.3, that the vehicle has not been maintained in...maintenance standards, that the vehicle has been used improperly...has not reimbursed GSA for vehicle services. Improper use includes...traffic ordinances, at-fault accidents, reckless driving,...

2010-07-01

176

78 FR 56267 - Article 19-A of the State of New York's Vehicle and Traffic Law  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...reporting the number of days and vehicle miles of bus service provided...days or more than 10,000 vehicle miles annually. Interstate...New York Department of Motor Vehicles (NY DMV) makes information...and number of convictions and accidents. ABA also objected to...

2013-09-12

177

FATAL ACCIDENT REPORTING SYSTEM (FARS)  

EPA Science Inventory

The Fatal Accident Reporting System (FARS) database consist of three relational tables, containing data on automobile accidents on public U.S. roads that resulted in the death of one or more people within 30 days of the accident. Truck and trailer accidents are also included....

178

Accident resistant transport container  

DOEpatents

The invention relates to a container for the safe air transport of plutonium having several intermediate wood layers and a load spreader intermediate an inner container and an outer shell for mitigation of shock during a hypothetical accident.

Andersen, John A. (Albuquerque, NM); Cole, James K. (Albuquerque, NM)

1980-01-01

179

Traffic accidents in Iran, a decade of progress but still challenges ahead  

PubMed Central

Iran has had incremental incidence of traffic accident mortality since introduction of mechanization about a century ago. But the newest data from Iran show decrease in the absolute number of deaths, death per 10,000 vehicles and death per 100, 000 populations. Despite its huge impact on health and economy, research in the field of traffic crashes is still scant and there are still deficiencies in problem oriented research on traffic accidents. Actual cooperation of policy makers, executive bodies and academician could build platform for intersectoral discussion of different aspects of traffic accidents and could reduce burden of traffic accidents. PMID:25664297

Lankarani, Kamran B; Sarikhani, Yaser; Heydari, Seyed Taghi; Joulaie, Hasan; Maharlouei, Najmeh; Peimani, Payam; Ahmadi, Seyed Mehdi; Khorasani-Zavareh, Davoud; Soori, Hamid; Davoudi-kiakalayeh, Ali; Masoumi, Gholamreza

2014-01-01

180

A Study of Lane Detection Algorithm for Personal Vehicle  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

By the word “Personal vehicle”, we mean a simple and lightweight vehicle expected to emerge as personal ground transportation devices. The motorcycle, electric wheelchair, motor-powered bicycle, etc. are examples of the personal vehicle and have been developed as the useful for transportation for a personal use. Recently, a new types of intelligent personal vehicle called the Segway has been developed which is controlled and stabilized by using on-board intelligent multiple sensors. The demand for needs for such personal vehicles are increasing, 1) to enhance human mobility, 2) to support mobility for elderly person, 3) reduction of environmental burdens. Since rapidly growing personal vehicles' market, a number of accidents caused by human error is also increasing. The accidents are caused by it's drive ability. To enhance or support drive ability as well as to prevent accidents, intelligent assistance is necessary. One of most important elemental functions for personal vehicle is robust lane detection. In this paper, we develop a robust lane detection method for personal vehicle at outdoor environments. The proposed lane detection method employing a 360 degree omni directional camera and unique robust image processing algorithm. In order to detect lanes, combination of template matching technique and Hough transform are employed. The validity of proposed lane detection algorithm is confirmed by actual developed vehicle at various type of sunshined outdoor conditions.

Kobayashi, Kazuyuki; Watanabe, Kajiro; Ohkubo, Tomoyuki; Kurihara, Yosuke

181

Presidential commission investigating Challenger accident at KSC  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Views of the Presidential commission investigating the Challenger accident at Kennedy Space Center (KSC). Photos include NASA Astronaut Robert Crippen pointing out Discovery tile work in the Vehicle Assembly Building (28888); KSC Director Richard Smith points out a portion of a solid rocket booster segment to Astronaut Sally Ride and to the chairman of the Presidential Commission, William P. Rogers (28889); Rogers and other members of the Pressidential commission examines the propellent contained in a solid rocket booster segment stored at one of the KSC ordinance facilities (28890).

1986-01-01

182

Robotic vehicle  

DOEpatents

A robotic vehicle for travel through a conduit. The robotic vehicle includes forward and rear housings each having a hub portion, and each being provided with surface engaging mechanisms for selectively engaging the walls of the conduit such that the housings can be selectively held in stationary positions within the conduit. The surface engaging mechanisms of each housing includes a plurality of extendable appendages, each of which is radially extendable relative to the operatively associated hub portion between a retracted position and a radially extended position. The robotic vehicle also includes at least three selectively extendable members extending between the forward and rear housings, for selectively changing the distance between the forward and rear housings to effect movement of the robotic vehicle.

Box, W. Donald (Oak Ridge, TN)

1998-01-01

183

Robotic vehicle  

DOEpatents

A robotic vehicle for travel through a conduit. The robotic vehicle includes forward and rear housings each having a hub portion, and each being provided with surface engaging mechanisms for selectively engaging the walls of the conduit such that the housings can be selectively held in stationary positions within the conduit. The surface engaging mechanisms of each housing includes a plurality of extendable appendages, each of which is radially extendable relative to the operatively associated hub portion between a retracted position and a radially extended position. The robotic vehicle also includes at least three selectively extendable members extending between the forward and rear housings, for selectively changing the distance between the forward and rear housings to effect movement of the robotic vehicle.

Box, W. Donald (Oak Ridge, TN)

1997-01-01

184

Robotic vehicle  

DOEpatents

A robotic vehicle is described for travel through a conduit. The robotic vehicle includes forward and rear housings each having a hub portion, and each being provided with surface engaging mechanisms for selectively engaging the walls of the conduit such that the housings can be selectively held in stationary positions within the conduit. The surface engaging mechanisms of each housing includes a plurality of extendable appendages, each of which is radially extendable relative to the operatively associated hub portion between a retracted position and a radially extended position. The robotic vehicle also includes at least three selectively extendable members extending between the forward and rear housings, for selectively changing the distance between the forward and rear housings to effect movement of the robotic vehicle. 20 figs.

Box, W.D.

1997-02-11

185

Robotic vehicle  

DOEpatents

A robotic vehicle is described for travel through a conduit. The robotic vehicle includes forward and rear housings each having a hub portion, and each being provided with surface engaging mechanisms for selectively engaging the walls of the conduit such that the housings can be selectively held in stationary positions within the conduit. The surface engaging mechanisms of each housing includes a plurality of extendible appendages, each of which is radially extendible relative to the operatively associated hub portion between a retracted position and a radially extended position. The robotic vehicle also includes at least three selectively extendible members extending between the forward and rear housings, for selectively changing the distance between the forward and rear housings to effect movement of the robotic vehicle. 20 figs.

Box, W.D.

1998-08-11

186

http://travel.state.gov/travel/about/who/who_1245.html AT THE SCENE OF AN ACCIDENT FORM  

E-print Network

http://travel.state.gov/travel/about/who/who_1245.html AT THE SCENE OF AN ACCIDENT FORM ORANGE Witness Cards at the scene). AS SOON AS SAFELY POSSIBLE Contact OSU Risk Management at 541-737-7252 or risk@oregonstate.edu IMMEDIATELY if this was a serious accident (i.e. ambulance involved, vehicle towed

Tullos, Desiree

187

Accidents in Childhood  

PubMed Central

The causes of injury to 17,141 children brought to the emergency department of a large pediatric hospital in one year were studied. The leading causes of injury were: falls, 5682; cuts or piercings, 1902; poisonings, 1597; and transportation accidents, 1368. Included in these are 587 falls on or down stairs, 401 cuts due to glass, 630 poisonings from household or workshop substances, 510 poisonings from salicylate tablets, and 449 accidents involving bicycles or tricycles. Other findings included 333 injuries to fingers or hands in doors, usually car doors; 122 instances of pulled arms; 384 ingestions and 53 inhalations of foreign bodies; 60 alleged sexual assaults, 58 chemical burns, 127 wringer injuries, and four attempted suicides. A rewarding opportunity in accident prevention exists for hospitals that undertake to compile and distribute pertinent source data. PMID:14201260

Keddy, J. Arthur

1964-01-01

188

Transportation Accidents Involving Radioactive Materials  

MedlinePLUS

... withstand damage. What are the main dangers of transportation accidents involving radiation? The main dangers of transportation ... the transport container. http://emergency.cdc.gov/radiation TRANSPORTATION ACCIDENTS If you believe you have been exposed, ...

189

Accident at Creswell Colliery, Derbyshire   

E-print Network

MINISTRY OF FUEL AND POWER ACCIDENT AT CRESWELL COLLIERY, DERBYSHIRE REPORT On the causes of, and the circumstances attending, the accident which occurred at Creswell Colliery, Derbyshire, on the 26th September, 1950 BY ...

Bryan, Andrew

190

49 CFR 195.50 - Reporting accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Reporting accidents. 195.50 Section 195.50 ...HAZARDOUS LIQUIDS BY PIPELINE Annual, Accident, and Safety-Related Condition Reporting § 195.50 Reporting accidents. An accident report is...

2010-10-01

191

49 CFR 195.50 - Reporting accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Reporting accidents. 195.50 Section 195.50 ...HAZARDOUS LIQUIDS BY PIPELINE Annual, Accident, and Safety-Related Condition Reporting § 195.50 Reporting accidents. An accident report is...

2013-10-01

192

49 CFR 195.50 - Reporting accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Reporting accidents. 195.50 Section 195.50 ...HAZARDOUS LIQUIDS BY PIPELINE Annual, Accident, and Safety-Related Condition Reporting § 195.50 Reporting accidents. An accident report is...

2011-10-01

193

49 CFR 195.50 - Reporting accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Reporting accidents. 195.50 Section 195.50 ...HAZARDOUS LIQUIDS BY PIPELINE Annual, Accident, and Safety-Related Condition Reporting § 195.50 Reporting accidents. An accident report is...

2012-10-01

194

49 CFR 195.50 - Reporting accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Reporting accidents. 195.50 Section 195.50 ...HAZARDOUS LIQUIDS BY PIPELINE Annual, Accident, and Safety-Related Condition Reporting § 195.50 Reporting accidents. An accident report is...

2014-10-01

195

Challenger accident after launch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

These photographs of the Space Shuttle Challenger accident January 28, 1986 were taken by a 70mm tracking camera at UCS 15 south of Pad 39B, at 11:39:16.795 EST and 11:39:19.261 EST. The Kennedy Space Center alternative photo numbers are 108-KSC-86PC-149 and 151

1986-01-01

196

Challenger accident after launch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This photograph of the Space Shuttle Challenger accident January 28, 1986 was taken by a 70mm tracking camera at UCS 15 south of Pad 39B, at 11:39:40.061 est. Notice the smoke trails caused by flying debris. The Kennedy Space Center alternative photo number is 108-KSC-86PC-155.

1986-01-01

197

Challenger accident after launch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This photograph of the Space Shuttle Challenger accident January 28, 1986 was taken by a 70mm tracking camera at UCS 15 south of Pad 39B, at 11:39:29.927 est. Notice the smoke trails caused by flying debris. The Kennedy Space Center alternative photo number is 108-KSC-86PC-154.

1986-01-01

198

Challenger accident after launch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This photograph of the Space Shuttle Challenger accident January 28, 1986 was taken by a 70mm tracking camera at UCS 15 south of Pad 39B, at 11:39:16.061 est. One of the solid rocket boosters can be seen at the top of the view. The Kennedy Space Center alternative photo number is 108-KSC-86PC-147.

1986-01-01

199

Challenger accident after launch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

These photographs of the Space Shuttle Challenger accident January 28, 1986 was taken by a 70mm tracking camera at UCS 15 south of Pad 39B, at 11:39:28.161 EST and 11:39:29.094. Notice the smoke trails caused by flying debris (10177). The Kennedy Space Center alternative photo numbers are 108-KSC-86PC-152 and 153.

1986-01-01

200

Challenger accident after launch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This photograph of the Space Shuttle Challenger accident January 28, 1986 was taken by a 70mm tracking camera at UCS 15 south of Pad 39B, at 11:39:40.861 est. Notice the smoke trails caused by flying debris. The Kennedy Space Center alternative photo number is 108-KSC-86PC-156.

1986-01-01

201

Boating Accident Statistics  

MedlinePLUS

... District of Columbia submit accident report data to the Coast Guard for inclusion in the annual Boating Statistics publication. ... and marketing materials in this section. Photo Library The U.S. Coast Guard has provided the Image Library as a resource ...

202

TREE FAILURES AND ACCIDENTS IN  

E-print Network

TREE FAILURES AND ACCIDENTS IN RECREATION AREAS : A Guide to Data Management for Hazard Control.DEPARTMENT O F AGRICULTURE GENERAL TECHNICAL REPORT PSW- 24 #12;TREE FAILURES AND ACCIDENTS IN RECREATION and accidents in recreation areas: A guide to data management for hazard control. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-24, 30 p

Standiford, Richard B.

203

Accident Report Form Victim's Name  

E-print Network

Accident Report Form Date: Victim's Name: Address: Classification: Program Area: Activity: Brief Description of Accident: Body Fluid Spill: Action Taken by DRS Employee: Witness Name: Witness Address:____________________________________ DOB: Intramurals Front Back Revision - 2011 **Location of Accident** URC North Gymnasium URC South

Amin, S. Massoud

204

A Vehicular Networking Perspective on Estimating Vehicle Collision Probability at Intersections  

E-print Network

-Range Communication (DSRC) using IEEE 802.11p at the access level [8], short range radio broadcast became a viable between vehicles in close vicinity. DSRC promises to reduce accidents by enabling novel support systems

Lo Cigno, Renato Antonio

205

Approach to accident management in RBMK-1500  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to ensure the safe operation of the nuclear power plants accident management programs are being developed around the world. These accident management programs cover the whole spectrum of accidents, including severe accidents. A lot of work is done to investigate the severe accident phenomena and implement severe accident management in NPPs with vessel-type reactors, while less attention is

A. Kaliatka; E. Urbonavicius; E. Uspuras

2008-01-01

206

The intriguing effects of ecstasy (MDMA) on cognitive function in mice subjected to a minimal traumatic brain injury (mTBI)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rationale  The use of ecstasy (MDMA) among young adults has dramatically increased over the years. Since MDMA may impair the users' driving\\u000a ability, the risk of being involved in a motor vehicle accident (MVA) is notably increased. Minimal traumatic brain injury\\u000a (mTBI) a common consequence of MVAs—produces short- and long-term physical, cognitive, and emotional impairments.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Objectives  To investigate the effects of an

Shahaf Edut; Vardit Rubovitch; Shaul Schreiber; Chaim G. Pick

2011-01-01

207

Applying STAMP in Accident Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Accident models play a critical role in accident investigation and analysis. Most traditional models are based on an underlying chain of events. These models, however, have serious limitations when used for complex, socio-technical systems. Previously, Leveson proposed a new accident model (STAMP) based on system theory. In STAMP, the basic concept is not an event but a constraint. This paper shows how STAMP can be applied to accident analysis using three different views or models of the accident process and proposes a notation for describing this process.

Leveson, Nancy; Daouk, Mirna; Dulac, Nicolas; Marais, Karen

2003-01-01

208

Aircraft accidents : method of analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The revised report includes the chart for the analysis of aircraft accidents, combining consideration of the immediate causes, underlying causes, and results of accidents, as prepared by the special committee, with a number of the definitions clarified. A brief statement of the organization and work of the special committee and of the Committee on Aircraft Accidents; and statistical tables giving a comparison of the types of accidents and causes of accidents in the military services on the one hand and in civil aviation on the other, together with explanations of some of the important differences noted in these tables.

1931-01-01

209

Robotic vehicle  

DOEpatents

A robotic vehicle is described for travel through an enclosed or partially enclosed conduit or pipe including vertical and/or horizontal conduit or pipe. The robotic vehicle comprises forward and rear housings each provided with a surface engaging mechanism for selectively engaging the walls of the conduit through which the vehicle is travelling, whereby the housings are selectively held in a stationary position within the conduit. The vehicle also includes at least three selectively extendable members, each of which defines a cavity therein. The forward end portion of each extendable member is secured to the forward housing and the rear end portion of each housing is secured to the rear housing. Each of the extendable members is independently extendable from a retracted position to an extended position upon the injection of a gas under pressure into the cavity of the extendable member such that the distance between the forward housing and the rear housing can be selectively increased. Further, each of the extendable members is independently retractable from the extended position to the retracted position upon the application of a vacuum to the cavity of the extendable member such that the distance between the forward housing and the rear housing can be selectively decreased. 14 figs.

Box, W.D.

1996-03-12

210

Robotic vehicle  

DOEpatents

A robotic vehicle is described for travel through an enclosed or partially enclosed conduit or pipe including vertical and/or horizontal conduit or pipe. The robotic vehicle comprises forward and rear housings each provided with a surface engaging mechanism for selectively engaging the walls of the conduit through which the vehicle is travelling, whereby the housings are selectively held in a stationary position within the conduit. The vehicle also includes at least three selectively extendable members, each of which defines a cavity therein. The forward end portion of each extendable member is secured to the forward housing and the rear end portion of each housing is secured to the rear housing. Each of the extendable members is independently extendable from a retracted position to an extended position upon the injection of a gas under pressure into the cavity of the extendable member such that the distance between the forward housing and the rear housing can be selectively increased. Further, each of the extendable members is independently retractable from the extended position to the retracted position upon the application of a vacuum to the cavity of the extendable member such that the distance between the forward housing and the rear housing can be selectively decreased. 11 figures.

Box, W.D.

1994-03-15

211

Robotic vehicle  

DOEpatents

A robotic vehicle (10) for travel through an enclosed or partially enclosed conduit or pipe including vertical and/or horizontal conduit or pipe. The robotic vehicle (10) comprises forward and rear housings (32 and 12) each provided with a surface engaging mechanism for selectively engaging the walls of the conduit through which the vehicle is travelling, whereby the housings (32 and 12) are selectively held in a stationary position within the conduit. The vehicle (10) also includes at least three selectively extendable members (46), each of which defines a cavity (56) therein. The forward end portion (50) of each extendable member (46) is secured to the forward housing (32) and the rear end portion (48) of each housing is secured to the rear housing (12). Each of the extendable members (46) is independently extendable from a retracted position to an extended position upon the injection of a gas under pressure into the cavity (56) of the extendable member such that the distance between the forward housing (32 ) and the rear housing (12) can be selectively increased. Further, each of the extendable members (46) is independently retractable from the extended position to the retracted position upon the application of a vacuum to the cavity (56) of the extendable member (46) such that the distance between the forward housing (32) and the rear housing (12) can be selectively decreased.

Box, W. Donald (Oak Ridge, TN)

1996-01-01

212

Robotic vehicle  

DOEpatents

A robotic vehicle (10) for travel through an enclosed or partially enclosed conduit or pipe including vertical and/or horizontal conduit or pipe. The robotic vehicle (10) comprises forward and rear housings (32 and 12) each provided with a surface engaging mechanism for selectively engaging the walls of the conduit through which the vehicle is travelling, whereby the housings (32 and 12) are selectively held in a stationary position within the conduit. The vehicle (10) also includes at least three selectively extendable members (46), each of which defines a cavity (56) therein. The forward end portion (50) of each extendable member (46) is secured to the forward housing (32) and the rear end portion (48) of each housing is secured to the rear housing (12). Each of the extendable members (46) is independently extendable from a retracted position to an extended position upon the injection of a gas under pressure into the cavity (56) of the extendable member such that the distance between the forward housing (32 ) and the rear housing (12) can be selectively increased. Further, each of the extendable members (46) is independently retractable from the extended position to the retracted position upon the application of a vacuum to the cavity (56) of the extendable member (46) such that the distance between the forward housing (32) and the rear housing (12) can be selectively decreased.

Box, W. Donald (115 Newhaven Rd., Oak Ridge, TN 37830)

1994-01-01

213

Vehicle emissions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Air pollution in the United States is a major problem; transportation plays a major role in air pollution. This informational piece, part of a series about the future of energy, provides students with data on pollution caused by vehicles. Pollutants covered include carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxide, sulfur dioxide, and lead, among others. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Project, Iowa P.

2004-01-01

214

RISK TAKING BEHAVIOUR IN ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS AND FATALITIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT Road traffic accidents (RTAs) are increasingly being recognized as a growing,public health problem in Bedouin Arabian Gulf countries. The discovery of oil around the middle of the last century has lead to changes,in many,aspects of life in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), not least in regard to the amount of vehicles on the roads. Whilst affluence may advance a

ABDULBARI BENER; DAVID CRUNDALL

215

[Heliogeophysical factors and aviation accidents].  

PubMed

It was shown by two independent methods that there is a certain correlation between the number of aviation accidents and heliogeophysical factors. The statistical and spectral analyses of time series of heliogeomagnetic factors and the number of aviation accidents in 1989-1995 showed that, of 216 accidents, 58% are related to sudden geomagnetic storms. A similar relation was revealed for aviation catastrophes (64% out of 86 accidents) and emergencies (54% out of 130 accidents) that coincided in time with heliogeomagnetic storms. General periodicities of the series were revealed by the method of spectral analysis, namely, cycles of 30, 42, 46, 64, 74, 83, 99, 115, 143, 169, 339 days, which confirms the causative relation between the number of aviation accidents and heliogeomagnetic factors. It is assumed that some aviation accidents that coincided in time with geomagnetic storms, are due to changes in professional abilities of pilots that were in the zone of storms. PMID:9783079

Komarov, F I; Oraevski?, V N; Sizov, Iu P; Tsirul'nik, L B; Kanonidi, Kh D; Ushakov, I B; Shalimov, P M; Kimlyk, M V; Glukhov, D V

1998-01-01

216

Alcohol, psychoactive drugs and fatal road traffic accidents in Norway: A case–control study  

Microsoft Academic Search

A case–control study was conducted on 204 drivers fatally injured in road traffic accidents in south-eastern Norway during the period 2003–2008. Cases from single vehicle accidents (N=68) were assessed separately. As controls, 10540 drivers selected in a roadside survey in the same geographical area during 2005–2006 were used. Blood samples were collected from the cases and oral fluid (saliva) samples

Hallvard Gjerde; Per T. Normann; Asbjørg S. Christophersen; Sven Ove Samuelsen; Jørg Mørland

2011-01-01

217

Incidence of posttraumatic stress disorder after traffic accidents in Germany.  

PubMed

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is possibly an overlooked diagnosis of victims suffering from traffic accidents sustaining serious to severe injuries. This paper investigates the incidence of PTSD after traffic accidents in Germany. Data from an accident research unit were analyzed in regard to collision details, and preclinical and clinical data. Preclinical data included details on crash circumstances and estimated injury severity as well as data on victims' conditions (e.g. heart rate, blood pressure, consciousness, breath rate). Clinical data included initial assessment in the emergency department, radiographic diagnoses, and basic life parameters comparable to the preclinical data as well as follow-up data on the daily ward. Data were collected in the German-In-Depth Accident Research study, and included gender, type of accident (e.g. type of vehicle, road conditions, rural or urban area), mental disorder, and AIS (Abbreviated Injury Scale) head score. AIS represent a scoring system to measure the injury severity of traffic accident victims. A total 258 out of 32807 data sets were included in this analysis. Data on accident and victims was collected on scene by specialized teams following established algorithms. Besides higher AIS Head scores for male motorcyclists compared to all other subgroups, no significant correlation was found between the mean maximum AIS score and the occurrence of PTSD. Furthermore, there was no correlation between higher AIS head scores, gender, or involvement in road traffic accidents and PTSD. In our study the overall incidence of PTSD after road traffic accidents was very low (0.78% in a total of 32.807 collected data sets) when compared to other published studies. The reason for this very low incidence of PTSD in our patient sample could be seen in an underestimation of the psychophysiological impact of traffic accidents on patients. Patients suffering from direct experiences of traumatic events such as a traffic accident and presenting with signs of clinically significant distress or impairment in social interactions should be treated in a team approach including not only trauma surgeons and surgical skilled staff but also psychophysiological experienced physicians. PMID:25345235

Brand, Stephan; Otte, Dietmar; Petri, Maximilian; Decker, Sebastian; Stübig, Timo; Krettek, Christian; Müller, Christian W

2014-01-01

218

Research on the semiconductor laser detection system of a traffic accident  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is a difficult problem to collect the information of accident in the detection system of traffic information. The paper states the principle of scanning the vehicles along the road with semiconductor laser .We can judge the moving state of the vehicles by distance image which is got by laser beam scan. The moving state will be abnormal in case the accident happens. This paper present the forming technology of scanning beam by semiconductor laser and the principle of software to dispose the distance image. This technology may also apply to other relative fields.

Xin, Desheng; Zhang, Jianjia; Li, Jiannjun; Hu, Fangrong

2005-01-01

219

The effect of road characteristics on motorcycle accident in Batu east Java Indonesia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Safe of transportation on road is global problem with not only transportation problem, but also social teritory problem in sosial life. WHO pay attention to safe transportation on road to decide healthy day in the world 2004 with caption: Road Safety is no Accident. WHO is clariafy that road accident level in the world have to reach 1.2 mellion victim death and over 30 mellion injuries every year. As much 85% sacrifice death are accident in develop state, where vehicle number only 32% from vehicle number in the world. That becouse as the objective is to decide influence road charakteristics geometrics for motorcycle accident in Batu East Java Indonesia. Using some statistical analysis it is found that the best-fit motorcycle accident model is: Acc = 0,009F0,703exp(-0,334SW-0,361G+0.077S) Where: Acc = number of accident, F = Flow, pcu/hr, SW = shoulder width (m), S = speed, km/hr, G = Gradient (0,1) The model shows that the affecting factors are flow, shoulder width and speed, therefore local government should improve some related factor (flow, shoulder width, Gradient and speed) that can reduce the number of motorcycle accident at crossing road in Batu.

Abusini, Sobri

2013-09-01

220

49 CFR 835.11 - Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and supporting information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and supporting information. 835...BOARD EMPLOYEES § 835.11 Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and...

2011-10-01

221

49 CFR 835.11 - Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and supporting information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and supporting information. 835...BOARD EMPLOYEES § 835.11 Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and...

2014-10-01

222

49 CFR 835.11 - Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and supporting information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and supporting information. 835...BOARD EMPLOYEES § 835.11 Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and...

2010-10-01

223

49 CFR 835.11 - Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and supporting information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and supporting information. 835...BOARD EMPLOYEES § 835.11 Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and...

2013-10-01

224

49 CFR 835.11 - Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and supporting information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and supporting information. 835...BOARD EMPLOYEES § 835.11 Obtaining Board accident reports, factual accident reports, and...

2012-10-01

225

Real time trajectory prediction for collision risk estimation between vehicles Samer Ammoun  

E-print Network

of automation of the vehicle : 1) Driver assistance system : in this case, the driver has a full control in the transportation domain in general and particularly in the ITS1 domain. In fact, less accidents means more secure of automation of the vehicle. We identify three levels to deal with the risk corresponding to the degree

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

226

Injuries associated with cycle rickshaws accidents  

PubMed Central

Context: Cycle rickshaw is an important means of transportation in Urban India. Pedestrians, rickshaw users, rickshaw pullers, two wheeled vehicle users and cyclists are among the most vulnerable road user groups in terms of injuries and fatalities resulting from road traffic accidents in India. Our objectives were to study characteristics of crashes and nature of injuries associated with cycle rickshaw. Patients and Methods: Between August 2008 to July 2009, a hospital based observational study was done of patients who presented to King George medical college trauma center with injury sustained due to cycle rickshaw in emergency department. Age, time of trauma, mode of trauma, contributing factors and type of injury were recorded. Results: The mean age of the patient was 32.1. Seventeen patients were rickshaw pullers and the rest were occupants of the rickshaw. Overloading with more than two passengers was found in 24 cases (28.5%). Most common cause of injury was collision with a moving vehicle (56 patients, %) followed by fall from rickshaw. The most common contributing factor was the overloading of rickshaw. On arrival to the hospital, the mean Injury severity score (ISS) was 3.5 ± 2.2 and the mean Glasgow coma scale (GCS) was 13.4 ± 4.3. Nine patients were admitted to ICU (Intensive care unit). The median ICU stay was 4 (1-24 days). Six of the ICU admitted patients had head injury. Conclusion: Rickshaw pullers and occupants are vulnerable to road traffic accidents. Urgent preventive measures targeted towards this group are needed to reduce the morbidity and mortality resulting from injuries involving rickshaws. The need for improved understanding of the risk characteristics of cycle rickshaw is emphasized. PMID:24812450

Meena, Sanjay; Barwar, Nilesh; Rastogi, Devarshi; Sharma, Vineet

2014-01-01

227

Vehicle barrier  

DOEpatents

A vehicle security barrier which can be conveniently placed across a gate opening as well as readily removed from the gate opening to allow for easy passage. The security barrier includes a barrier gate in the form of a cable/gate member in combination with laterally attached pipe sections fixed by way of the cable to the gate member and lateral, security fixed vertical pipe posts. The security barrier of the present invention provides for the use of cable restraints across gate openings to provide necessary security while at the same time allowing for quick opening and closing of the gate areas without compromising security.

Hirsh, Robert A. (Bethel Park, PA)

1991-01-01

228

TIPS ON ACCIDENT/INCIDENT REPORTING Accident Reporting Why?  

E-print Network

TIPS ON ACCIDENT/INCIDENT REPORTING Accident Reporting ­ Why? Obligation to report Health Care of Occupational Health and Safety Act Critical injuries are to be reported immediately to Western Health & Safety of the injury (follow up if employee sought Health Care) Actions to prevent recurrence Is there any lost time

Lennard, William N.

229

Unsafe Driving by High School Seniors: National Trends from 1976 to 2001 in Tickets and Accidents after Use of Alcohol, Marijuana and Other Illegal Drugs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Study reports trends among high school seniors in number of tickets or warnings received, number of vehicle accidents, and number of these events occurring after use of alcohol, marijuana, or other illegal drugs. Despite decline in the number of accidents and tickets received after drinking or drug use, aggressive policies are still needed to…

O'Malley, Patrick M.; Johnston, Lloyd D.

2003-01-01

230

Unmanned Vehicle Situation Awareness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the concept of unmanned vehicle situation awareness and provides a discussion of how unmanned vehicle situation awareness can be defined based upon human situation awareness. A broadly accepted human situation awareness definition is directly applied to the notion of unmanned vehicle situation awareness. The paper also discusses unique unmanned vehicle aspects that will influence unmanned vehicle situation

Julie A. Adams

231

Distance Perception of Vehicle Rear Lights in Fog  

Microsoft Academic Search

Perceptual difficulty is one of the main explanations given for the behavioral modifications and high accident rate associated with driving in fog. The present study investigates how fog and the characteristics of vehicle rear lights affect distance perception. Two experiments in a fog chamber (meteorological visibility range of 5-15 m) were run under conditions simulating nighttime fog. The participants gave

Viola Cavallo; Michèle Colomb; Jocelyne Doré

2001-01-01

232

Vehicle Trajectory Prediction based on Motion Model and Maneuver Recognition  

E-print Network

of traffic accidents ([1], [2]). Some Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) such as Adaptive Cruise Bonnifait, Véronique Cherfaoui, Wen Yao+ Abstract--Predicting other traffic participants trajectories by comparing the center lines of the road's lanes to a local curvilinear model of the path of the vehicle

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

233

49 CFR 195.54 - Accident reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Accident reports. 195.54 Section 195...HAZARDOUS LIQUIDS BY PIPELINE Annual, Accident, and Safety-Related Condition Reporting § 195.54 Accident reports. (a) Each operator...

2011-10-01

234

49 CFR 845.40 - Accident report.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Accident report. 845.40 Section 845...RULES OF PRACTICE IN TRANSPORTATION; ACCIDENT/INCIDENT HEARINGS AND REPORTS Board Reports § 845.40 Accident report. (a) The Board will...

2013-10-01

235

28 CFR 301.106 - Repetitious accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 false Repetitious accidents. 301.106 Section 301.106 ...INC., DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INMATE ACCIDENT COMPENSATION General § 301.106 Repetitious accidents. If an inmate worker is involved...

2010-07-01

236

49 CFR 230.22 - Accident reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Accident reports. 230.22 Section 230.22 Transportation... Recordkeeping Requirements § 230.22 Accident reports. In the case of an accident due to failure, from any cause, of...

2011-10-01

237

28 CFR 301.106 - Repetitious accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 false Repetitious accidents. 301.106 Section 301.106 ...INC., DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INMATE ACCIDENT COMPENSATION General § 301.106 Repetitious accidents. If an inmate worker is involved...

2011-07-01

238

49 CFR 230.22 - Accident reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Accident reports. 230.22 Section 230.22 Transportation... Recordkeeping Requirements § 230.22 Accident reports. In the case of an accident due to failure, from any cause, of...

2013-10-01

239

49 CFR 195.54 - Accident reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Accident reports. 195.54 Section 195...HAZARDOUS LIQUIDS BY PIPELINE Annual, Accident, and Safety-Related Condition Reporting § 195.54 Accident reports. (a) Each operator...

2010-10-01

240

49 CFR 195.54 - Accident reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Accident reports. 195.54 Section 195...HAZARDOUS LIQUIDS BY PIPELINE Annual, Accident, and Safety-Related Condition Reporting § 195.54 Accident reports. (a) Each operator...

2013-10-01

241

22 CFR 102.8 - Reporting accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Reporting accidents. 102.8 Section 102.8 Foreign Relations... CIVIL AVIATION United States Aircraft Accidents Abroad § 102.8 Reporting accidents. (a) To airline and Civil...

2014-04-01

242

49 CFR 195.54 - Accident reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Accident reports. 195.54 Section 195...HAZARDOUS LIQUIDS BY PIPELINE Annual, Accident, and Safety-Related Condition Reporting § 195.54 Accident reports. (a) Each operator...

2014-10-01

243

49 CFR 845.40 - Accident report.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Accident report. 845.40 Section 845...RULES OF PRACTICE IN TRANSPORTATION; ACCIDENT/INCIDENT HEARINGS AND REPORTS Board Reports § 845.40 Accident report. (a) The Board will...

2012-10-01

244

48 CFR 36.513 - Accident prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Accident prevention. 36.513 Section 36...CONTRACTS Contract Clauses 36.513 Accident prevention. (a) The contracting...shall insert the clause at 52.236-13, Accident Prevention, in...

2014-10-01

245

49 CFR 195.54 - Accident reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Accident reports. 195.54 Section 195...HAZARDOUS LIQUIDS BY PIPELINE Annual, Accident, and Safety-Related Condition Reporting § 195.54 Accident reports. (a) Each operator...

2012-10-01

246

28 CFR 301.106 - Repetitious accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false Repetitious accidents. 301.106 Section 301.106 ...INC., DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INMATE ACCIDENT COMPENSATION General § 301.106 Repetitious accidents. If an inmate worker is involved...

2013-07-01

247

22 CFR 102.8 - Reporting accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Reporting accidents. 102.8 Section 102.8 Foreign Relations... CIVIL AVIATION United States Aircraft Accidents Abroad § 102.8 Reporting accidents. (a) To airline and Civil...

2012-04-01

248

22 CFR 102.8 - Reporting accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Reporting accidents. 102.8 Section 102.8 Foreign Relations... CIVIL AVIATION United States Aircraft Accidents Abroad § 102.8 Reporting accidents. (a) To airline and Civil...

2013-04-01

249

49 CFR 845.40 - Accident report.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Accident report. 845.40 Section 845...RULES OF PRACTICE IN TRANSPORTATION; ACCIDENT/INCIDENT HEARINGS AND REPORTS Board Reports § 845.40 Accident report. (a) The Board will...

2011-10-01

250

49 CFR 230.22 - Accident reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Accident reports. 230.22 Section 230.22 Transportation... Recordkeeping Requirements § 230.22 Accident reports. In the case of an accident due to failure, from any cause, of...

2012-10-01

251

28 CFR 301.106 - Repetitious accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-07-01 false Repetitious accidents. 301.106 Section 301.106 ...INC., DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INMATE ACCIDENT COMPENSATION General § 301.106 Repetitious accidents. If an inmate worker is involved...

2012-07-01

252

49 CFR 845.40 - Accident report.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Accident report. 845.40 Section 845...RULES OF PRACTICE IN TRANSPORTATION; ACCIDENT/INCIDENT HEARINGS AND REPORTS Board Reports § 845.40 Accident report. (a) The Board will...

2010-10-01

253

28 CFR 301.106 - Repetitious accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-07-01 false Repetitious accidents. 301.106 Section 301.106 ...INC., DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE INMATE ACCIDENT COMPENSATION General § 301.106 Repetitious accidents. If an inmate worker is involved...

2014-07-01

254

22 CFR 102.8 - Reporting accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reporting accidents. 102.8 Section 102.8 Foreign Relations... CIVIL AVIATION United States Aircraft Accidents Abroad § 102.8 Reporting accidents. (a) To airline and Civil...

2010-04-01

255

49 CFR 230.22 - Accident reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Accident reports. 230.22 Section 230.22 Transportation... Recordkeeping Requirements § 230.22 Accident reports. In the case of an accident due to failure, from any cause, of...

2010-10-01

256

22 CFR 102.8 - Reporting accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Reporting accidents. 102.8 Section 102.8 Foreign Relations... CIVIL AVIATION United States Aircraft Accidents Abroad § 102.8 Reporting accidents. (a) To airline and Civil...

2011-04-01

257

49 CFR 845.40 - Accident report.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Accident report. 845.40 Section 845...RULES OF PRACTICE IN TRANSPORTATION; ACCIDENT/INCIDENT HEARINGS AND REPORTS Board Reports § 845.40 Accident report. (a) The Board will...

2014-10-01

258

48 CFR 1836.513 - Accident prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 true Accident prevention. 1836.513 Section 1836...Contract Clauses 1836.513 Accident prevention. The contracting officer...FAR clause 52.236-13, Accident Prevention, and its Alternate I....

2010-10-01

259

Probability of spent fuel transportation accidents  

SciTech Connect

The transported volume of spent fuel, incident/accident experience and accident environment probabilities were reviewed in order to provide an estimate of spent fuel accident probabilities. In particular, the accident review assessed the accident experience for large casks of the type that could transport spent (irradiated) nuclear fuel. This review determined that since 1971, the beginning of official US Department of Transportation record keeping for accidents/incidents, there has been one spent fuel transportation accident. This information, coupled with estimated annual shipping volumes for spent fuel, indicated an estimated annual probability of a spent fuel transport accident of 5 x 10/sup -7/ spent fuel accidents per mile. This is consistent with ordinary truck accident rates. A comparison of accident environments and regulatory test environments suggests that the probability of truck accidents exceeding regulatory test for impact is approximately 10/sup -9//mile.

McClure, J. D.

1981-07-01

260

START-UP ACCIDENT ANALYSIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

S>Analog computer studies are made of two main areas of interest during ; a start-up accident; the ability of drivedown circuitry to shut down the reactor ; before reaching the power range, and the self shut-down characteristics of the ; reactor if the accident progresses into the power range. The results indicate ; that period drivedown circuitry would have to

MacNaughton

1958-01-01

261

Deterministic accident analysis for RBMK  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the framework of an European Commission sponsored activity, an assessment of the deterministic safety technology of the ‘post-Chernobyl modernized’ Reactor Bolshoy Moshchnosty Kipyashiy (RBMK) has been completed. The accident analysis, limited to the area of Design Basis Accident, constituted the key subject for the study; events not including the primary circuit were not considered, as well as events originated

F. D’Auria; B. Gabaraev; S. Soloviev; O. Novoselsky; A. Moskalev; E. Uspuras; G. M. Galassi; C. Parisi; A. Petrov; V. Radkevich; L. Parafilo; D. Kryuchkov

2008-01-01

262

First Responders and Criticality Accidents  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear criticality accident descriptions typically include, but do not focus on, information useful to first responders. We studied these accidents, noting characteristics to help (1) first responders prepare for such an event and (2) emergency drill planners develop appropriate simulations for training. We also provide recommendations to help people prepare for such events in the future.

Valerie L. Putman; Douglas M. Minnema

2005-11-01

263

ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF ACCIDENT LAW  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accident law is the body of legal rules governing the ability of victims of harm to sue and to collect payments from those who injured them. This paper contains the chapters on accident law from a general, forthcoming book, Foundations of Economic Analysis of Law (Harvard University Press, 2003). The analysis is first concerned (chapters 2-4) with the influence of

Steven Shavell

2003-01-01

264

German aircraft accident statistics, 1930  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The investigation of all serious accidents, involving technical defects in the airplane or engine, is undertaken by the D.V.L. in conjunction with the imperial traffic minister and other interested parties. All accidents not clearly explained in the reports are subsequently cleared up.

Weitzmann, Ludwig

1932-01-01

265

Factors correlated with traffic accidents as a basis for evaluating Advanced Driver Assistance Systems.  

PubMed

This study aims to identify factors which influence and cause errors in traffic accidents and to use these as a basis for information to guide the application and design of driver assistance systems. A total of 474 accidents were examined in depth for this study by means of a psychological survey, data from accident reports, and technical reconstruction information. An error analysis was subsequently carried out, taking into account the driver, environment, and vehicle sub-systems. Results showed that all accidents were influenced by errors as a consequence of distraction and reduced activity. For crossroad accidents, there were further errors resulting from sight obstruction, masked stimuli, focus errors, and law infringements. Lane departure crashes were additionally caused by errors as a result of masked stimuli, law infringements, expectation errors as well as objective and action slips, while same direction accidents occurred additionally because of focus errors, expectation errors, and objective and action slips. Most accidents were influenced by multiple factors. There is a safety potential for Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS), which support the driver in information assimilation and help to avoid distraction and reduced activity. The design of the ADAS is dependent on the specific influencing factors of the accident type. PMID:19664441

Staubach, Maria

2009-09-01

266

Industrial accidents triggered by lightning.  

PubMed

Natural disasters can cause major accidents in chemical facilities where they can lead to the release of hazardous materials which in turn can result in fires, explosions or toxic dispersion. Lightning strikes are the most frequent cause of major accidents triggered by natural events. In order to contribute towards the development of a quantitative approach for assessing lightning risk at industrial facilities, lightning-triggered accident case histories were retrieved from the major industrial accident databases and analysed to extract information on types of vulnerable equipment, failure dynamics and damage states, as well as on the final consequences of the event. The most vulnerable category of equipment is storage tanks. Lightning damage is incurred by immediate ignition, electrical and electronic systems failure or structural damage with subsequent release. Toxic releases and tank fires tend to be the most common scenarios associated with lightning strikes. Oil, diesel and gasoline are the substances most frequently released during lightning-triggered Natech accidents. PMID:20817399

Renni, Elisabetta; Krausmann, Elisabeth; Cozzani, Valerio

2010-12-15

267

> 070131-073Vehicle  

E-print Network

. INTRODUCTION The design and deployment of network centric vehicle control frameworks in a systematic manner> 070131-073Vehicle for Network Centric Operations H. Ferreira from Porto University. Swordfish has an advanced control architecture for multi-vehicle operations

Marques, Eduardo R. B.

268

Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy for PTSD Symptoms After a Road Accident: An Uncontrolled Case Series  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report examined whether Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy (VRET) could be used in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in the aftermath of a serious motor vehicle accident. Six individuals reporting either full or severe subsyndromal PTSD completed 10 sessions of VRET, which was conducted using software designed to create real-time driving scenarios. Results indicated significant reductions in

J. Gayle Beck; Sarah A. Palyo; Eliot H. Winer; Brad E. Schwagler; Eu Jin Ang

2007-01-01

269

Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy for PTSD Symptoms after a Road Accident: An Uncontrolled Case Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examined whether Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy (VRET) could be used in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in the aftermath of a serious motor vehicle accident. Six individuals reporting either full or severe subsyndromal PTSD completed 10 sessions of VRET, which was conducted using software designed to…

Beck, J. Gayle; Palyo, Sarah A.; Winer, Eliot H.; Schwagler, Brad E.; Ang, Eu Jin

2007-01-01

270

Amniotic fluid embolism as cause of death in a car accident—a case report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Amniotic fluid embolism (AFE), a relatively rare complication in pregnancy, has a high mortality rate. We describe a case of a 38-week pregnant woman with such an embolism leading to almost immediate death after a blunt abdominal trauma inflicted in a motor vehicle accident and probably associated with improper positioning of a seat belt. It has been assumed that the

Juha Rainio; Antti Penttilä

2003-01-01

271

Road traffic accidents in the United Arab Emirates compared to Western countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Road traffic accidents (RTAs) are increasingly being recognized as a growing public health problem in Bedouin Arabian Gulf countries. The discovery of oil around the middle of the last century has lead to changes in many aspects of life in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), not least in regard to the amount of vehicles on the roads. Whilst affluence may

A. Bener; D. Crundall

272

Forestry Vehicle  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Power Pack II provides an economical means of moving a power source into remote roadless forest areas. It was developed by Prof. Miles and his associates, working in cooperation with the University of California's Department of Forestry. The team combined its own design of an all-terrain vehicle with a suspension system based on the NASA load equalization technology. Result is an intermediate-sized unit which carries a power source and the powered tools to perform a variety of forest management tasks which cannot be done economically with current equipment. Power Pack II can traverse very rough terrain and climb a 60 degree slope; any one of the wheels can move easily over an obstacle larger than itself. Work is being done on a more advanced Power Pack III.

1982-01-01

273

Transport aircraft accident dynamics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A study was carried out of 112 impact survivable jet transport aircraft accidents (world wide) of 27,700 kg (60,000 lb.) aircraft and up extending over the last 20 years. This study centered on the effect of impact and the follow-on events on aircraft structures and was confined to the approach, landing and takeoff segments of the flight. The significant characteristics, frequency of occurrence and the effect on the occupants of the above data base were studied and categorized with a view to establishing typical impact scenarios for use as a basis of verifying the effectiveness of potential safety concepts. Studies were also carried out of related subjects such as: (1) assessment of advanced materials; (2) human tolerance to impact; (3) merit functions for safety concepts; and (4) impact analysis and test methods.

Cominsky, A.

1982-01-01

274

A Comprehensive Analysis of the X-15 Flight 3-65 Accident  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The November 15, 1967, loss of X-15 Flight 3-65-97 (hereafter referred to as Flight 3-65) was a unique incident in that it was the first and only aerospace flight accident involving loss of crew on a vehicle with an adaptive flight control system (AFCS). In addition, Flight 3-65 remains the only incidence of a single-pilot departure from controlled flight of a manned entry vehicle in a hypersonic flight regime. To mitigate risk to emerging aerospace systems, the NASA Engineering and Safety Center (NESC) proposed a comprehensive review of this accident. The goal of the assessment was to resolve lingering questions regarding the failure modes of the aircraft systems (including the AFCS) and thoroughly analyze the interactions among the human agents and autonomous systems that contributed to the loss of the pilot and aircraft. This document contains the outcome of the accident review.

Dennehy, Cornelius J.; Orr, Jeb S.; Barshi, Immanuel; Statler, Irving C.

2014-01-01

275

A comparative study of road traffic accidents in West Malaysia.  

PubMed Central

The problem of road traffic accidents in developing countries is now becoming a cause for concern. This is more so as preventive measures have not kept pace with economic progress and development. This paper reviews the present situation in West Malaysia, one of the better developed countries of the East, during the period 1970 to 1975. A comparative study has been made between the United States and Malaysia. To enable the urgency of the problem in developing countries to be appreciated the increases in the country's population and in the number of vehicles in use and their relation to the lesser increase in road mileage over the period of study have been discussed. The study has considered every aspect of the causative factors leading to traffic accidents, such as the effects of weather, seasonal variation, and road and lighting conditions. The common human errors leading to accidents have been discussed. Other factors, such as the ethnic distribution in Malaysia, and their relation to road accidents have shown the effect of the social structure on the problems. The data evaluated in this study make it clear that preventive measures are very necessary in underdeveloped as well as in developed countries. PMID:718073

Silva, J. F.

1978-01-01

276

How do child accidents happen?  

PubMed

This study describes how 402 child home accidents happened. It is based on home interviews of parents of children under five who attended a hospital accident and emergency department in a multi-racial area of west London. From the parents' account, the majority of these common domestic accidents--falls, poisoning, cuts, burns and scalds--happened when parental supervision was reduced, rather than because of household hazards. The implications for prevention are to give better emotional and financial support to parents rather than adopting traditional health education interventions to alter the environment. PMID:10286650

Alwash, R; McCarthy, M

1987-01-01

277

Narrative text analysis of accident reports with tractors, self-propelled harvesting machinery and materials handling machinery in Austrian agriculture from 2008 to 2010 - a comparison.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was the identification of accident scenarios and causes by analysing existing accident reports of recognized agricultural occupational accidents with tractors, self-propelled harvesting machinery and materials handling machinery from 2008 to 2010. As a result of a literature-based evaluation of past accident analyses, the narrative text analysis was chosen as an appropriate method. A narrative analysis of the text fields of accident reports that farmers used to report accidents to insurers was conducted to obtain detailed information about the scenarios and causes of accidents. This narrative analysis of reports was made the first time and yielded first insights for identifying antecedents of accidents and potential opportunities for technical based intervention. A literature and internet search was done to discuss and confirm the findings. The narrative text analysis showed that in more than one third of the accidents with tractors and materials handling machinery the vehicle rolled or tipped over. The most relevant accident scenarios with harvesting machinery were being trapped and falling down. The direct comparison of the analysed machinery categories showed that more than 10% of the accidents in each category were caused by technical faults, slippery or muddy terrain and incorrect or inappropriate operation of the vehicle. Accidents with tractors, harvesting machinery and materials handling machinery showed similarities in terms of causes, circumstances and consequences. Certain technical and communicative measures for accident prevention could be used for all three machinery categories. Nevertheless, some individual solutions for accident prevention, which suit each specific machine type, would be necessary. PMID:24738521

Mayrhofer, Hannes; Quendler, Elisabeth; Boxberger, Josef

2014-01-01

278

Impact of roadside features on the frequency and severity of run-off-roadway accidents: an empirical analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the US, single-vehicle run-off-roadway accidents result in a million highway crashes with roadside features every year and account for approximately one-third of all highway fatalities. Despite the number and severity of run-off-roadway accidents, quantification of the effect of possible countermeasures has been surprisingly limited due to the absence of data (particularly data on roadside features) needed to rigorously analyze

Jinsun Lee; Fred Mannering

2002-01-01

279

49 CFR 837.3 - Published reports, material contained in the public accident investigation dockets, and accident...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...accident investigation dockets, and accident database data. 837.3 Section 837.3 ...accident investigation dockets, and accident database data. (a) Demands for material...investigations, or its computerized accident database(s) shall be submitted, in...

2012-10-01

280

49 CFR 837.3 - Published reports, material contained in the public accident investigation dockets, and accident...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...accident investigation dockets, and accident database data. 837.3 Section 837.3 ...accident investigation dockets, and accident database data. (a) Demands for material...investigations, or its computerized accident database(s) shall be submitted, in...

2014-10-01

281

49 CFR 837.3 - Published reports, material contained in the public accident investigation dockets, and accident...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...accident investigation dockets, and accident database data. 837.3 Section 837.3 ...accident investigation dockets, and accident database data. (a) Demands for material...investigations, or its computerized accident database(s) shall be submitted, in...

2011-10-01

282

49 CFR 837.3 - Published reports, material contained in the public accident investigation dockets, and accident...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...accident investigation dockets, and accident database data. 837.3 Section 837.3 ...accident investigation dockets, and accident database data. (a) Demands for material...investigations, or its computerized accident database(s) shall be submitted, in...

2010-10-01

283

49 CFR 837.3 - Published reports, material contained in the public accident investigation dockets, and accident...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...accident investigation dockets, and accident database data. 837.3 Section 837.3 ...accident investigation dockets, and accident database data. (a) Demands for material...investigations, or its computerized accident database(s) shall be submitted, in...

2013-10-01

284

An Investigation of the Therac-25 Accidents  

E-print Network

An Investigation of the Therac-25 Accidents Nancy G. Leveson, University of Washington Clark S accidents reveals previously unknown details and suggests ways to reduce risk in the future. omputers in accidents. Some of the most widely cited software-related accidents in safety-critical systems involved

Yang, Junfeng

285

Massachusetts Electric Vehicle Efforts  

E-print Network

Massachusetts Electric Vehicle Efforts Christine Kirby, MassDEP ZE-MAP Meeting October 24, 2014 #12 · Provide Clean Air · Grow the Clean Energy Economy · Electric vehicles are a key part of the solution #12 is promoting EVs 4 #12;TCI and Electric Vehicles · Established the Northeast Electric Vehicle Network through

California at Davis, University of

286

Alternative Fuel Vehicle Data  

EIA Publications

Annual data released on the number of on-road alternative fuel vehicles and hybrid vehicles made available by both the original equipment manufacturers and aftermarket vehicle conversion facilities. Data on the use of alternative fueled vehicles and the amount of fuel they consume is also available.

2013-01-01

287

Vehicle Technologies Market Report  

E-print Network

Vehicle Technologies Market Report February 2012 2011 #12;Quick Facts Energy and Economics Vehicles · The top eight U.S. manufacturers produce only half of world's vehicles · U.S. sales volumes rose in 2010, reversing downward trend · Sales-weighted data on new light vehicles sold show a 110% increase

288

Green Vehicle Guide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site is geared toward consumers to help them choose the most fuel-efficient and clean vehicles. Users can download vehicle lists, look up vehicle ratings, learn more about reducing vehicle pollution, and use the links section to find further information. This is a timely site for a period when Americans might well want to think about reducing their dependence on oil.

2001-01-01

289

Aberrant Behaviors and Road Accidents among Iranian Truck Drivers, 2010  

PubMed Central

Background: Road accidents are a social phenomenon in different communities that its infra­structural dimensions of which as well as technologic failures such as road quality, and tech­nical faults of automobiles, need to be assessed in detail. Iran has the first order in the world for deadly road accidents. This study was designed to assess the association between aberrant behaviors of truck drivers and the incidence of road accidents in Yazd, center of Iran, in 2010. Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive-analytic study was conducted on 300 truck drivers in Yazd. We used 3 questionnaires, including one for demographic data, Driver Behavior Questionnaire (DBQ), and one for drivers' self-evaluation of the of their driving. Results: Five types of the behavior had the highest frequency: Misjudge speed of oncoming vehicle when overtaking.; Deliberately disregard the speed limits late at night or very early in the morning.; Ignore 'give way' signs, and narrowly avoid colliding with traffic having right of way.; Stuck behind a slow-moving vehicle on a two-lane highway, you are driven by frustration to try to overtake in risky circumstances.; Drive with only 'half-an-eye' on the road while looking at a map, changing a cassette or radio channel, etc. The more the driver's driv­ing was influenced by emotional and mental states the more deliberate violations and slips. Conclusion: Among truck drivers, safety has not developed sufficiently, and because of the dangers of road accidents both for the drivers and other people and its economic losses, the importance of the presenting some solutions is completely obvious. PMID:24688909

Ketabi, Damon; Barkhordari, Abalfazl; Mirmohammadi, Seyyed Jalil; Mehrparvar, Amir Houshang

2011-01-01

290

Accident investigation: keep asking "why?".  

PubMed

Finding the causes of an accident or operating problem and deciding what actions to take to prevent it happening again is rather like dismantling a set of Russian dolls (Fig. 1). Each time we ask "why?" (or a similar searching question) we find another cause besides the ones we have found already and another action (or set of actions) we can take to prevent similar accidents occurring again. Many investigators stop too soon. This occurred at Flixborough, at Bhopal and in the investigation of many lesser-known accidents. We are more likely to find the deeper causes and the more original actions if groups of people with wide interests and experience are able to take part in the investigations or discuss the investigation reports. We should never look at an accident report as "closing out" a problem. As we read it, we should ask ourselves, "what else could be done?" PMID:16162391

Kletz, Trevor A

2006-03-17

291

Aircraft accidents : method of analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report on a method of analysis of aircraft accidents has been prepared by a special committee on the nomenclature, subdivision, and classification of aircraft accidents organized by the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics in response to a request dated February 18, 1928, from the Air Coordination Committee consisting of the Assistant Secretaries for Aeronautics in the Departments of War, Navy, and Commerce. The work was undertaken in recognition of the difficulty of drawing correct conclusions from efforts to analyze and compare reports of aircraft accidents prepared by different organizations using different classifications and definitions. The air coordination committee's request was made "in order that practices used may henceforth conform to a standard and be universally comparable." the purpose of the special committee therefore was to prepare a basis for the classification and comparison of aircraft accidents, both civil and military. (author)

1929-01-01

292

Road Traffic Accident Patterns: A Conceptual Grouping Approach to Evaluate Crash Clusters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The aim of the work is to highlight road traffic accident patterns in the context of interrelations between road characteristics and a traffic safety threat. The actual data concerning multi-vehicle accidents without pedestrians on non-urban roads in a chosen region of Poland was the subject of the research. The roadway and roadside data at the accident site have been combined with the crash data that define the roadway hazard, i.e. driver's behaviour, type and accident severity. The data were subject to multivariate segmentation by means of such conceptual grouping techniques as the K-means clustering algorithm and competitive artificial neural networks. The Ward's method was used as a supporting tool in establishing the final number of accident profiles. Six distinct accident patterns have been recognised, quantified and labelled, where the first, second and third one are typical of rural areas, the fourth and fifth - of built-up areas, and the last one - of intersections. The analysis indicates that apart from threat factors, the following road related features play an important role in road accident profiling tasks: area type and area development level, roadway surface condition, intersection indicator, shoulder type, and also to some extent: lighting conditions, shoulders' width, and horizontal curve radius.

Nowakowska, Marzena

2012-03-01

293

Analysis of traffic accidents on rural highways using Latent Class Clustering and Bayesian Networks.  

PubMed

One of the principal objectives of traffic accident analyses is to identify key factors that affect the severity of an accident. However, with the presence of heterogeneity in the raw data used, the analysis of traffic accidents becomes difficult. In this paper, Latent Class Cluster (LCC) is used as a preliminary tool for segmentation of 3229 accidents on rural highways in Granada (Spain) between 2005 and 2008. Next, Bayesian Networks (BNs) are used to identify the main factors involved in accident severity for both, the entire database (EDB) and the clusters previously obtained by LCC. The results of these cluster-based analyses are compared with the results of a full-data analysis. The results show that the combined use of both techniques is very interesting as it reveals further information that would not have been obtained without prior segmentation of the data. BN inference is used to obtain the variables that best identify accidents with killed or seriously injured. Accident type and sight distance have been identify in all the cases analysed; other variables such as time, occupant involved or age are identified in EDB and only in one cluster; whereas variables vehicles involved, number of injuries, atmospheric factors, pavement markings and pavement width are identified only in one cluster. PMID:23182777

de Oña, Juan; López, Griselda; Mujalli, Randa; Calvo, Francisco J

2013-03-01

294

Effects of an In-Vehicle Collision Avoidance Warning System on Short and Long-Term Driving Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many new in-vehicle systems focus on accident prevention by facilitating the driving task. One such driving aid is an in-vehicle collision avoidance warning system (IVCAWS), used to alert the driver to an impending collision. Our study evaluated the effects of an imperfect IVCAWS both on driver headway maintenance and on driver behavior in response to warning system errors. Our results

Avner Ben-Yaacov; Masha Maltz; David Shinar

2002-01-01

295

Accident Tolerant Fuel Analysis  

SciTech Connect

Safety is central to the design, licensing, operation, and economics of Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs). Consequently, the ability to better characterize and quantify safety margin holds the key to improved decision making about light water reactor design, operation, and plant life extension. A systematic approach to characterization of safety margins and the subsequent margins management options represents a vital input to the licensee and regulatory analysis and decision making that will be involved. The purpose of the Risk Informed Safety Margin Characterization (RISMC) Pathway research and development (R&D) is to support plant decisions for risk-informed margins management by improving economics and reliability, and sustaining safety, of current NPPs. Goals of the RISMC Pathway are twofold: (1) Develop and demonstrate a risk-assessment method coupled to safety margin quantification that can be used by NPP decision makers as part of their margin recovery strategies. (2) Create an advanced “RISMC toolkit” that enables more accurate representation of NPP safety margin. In order to carry out the R&D needed for the Pathway, the Idaho National Laboratory is performing a series of case studies that will explore methods- and tools-development issues, in addition to being of current interest in their own right. One such study is a comparative analysis of safety margins of plants using different fuel cladding types: specifically, a comparison between current-technology Zircaloy cladding and a notional “accident-tolerant” (e.g., SiC-based) cladding. The present report begins the process of applying capabilities that are still under development to the problem of assessing new fuel designs. The approach and lessons learned from this case study will be included in future Technical Basis Guides produced by the RISMC Pathway. These guides will be the mechanism for developing the specifications for RISMC tools and for defining how plant decision makers should propose and evaluate margin recovery strategies.

Curtis Smith; Heather Chichester; Jesse Johns; Melissa Teague; Michael Tonks; Robert Youngblood

2014-09-01

296

ACCIDENT TOLERANT FUEL ANALYSIS  

SciTech Connect

Safety is central to the design, licensing, operation, and economics of Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs). Consequently, the ability to better characterize and quantify safety margin holds the key to improved decision making about light water reactor design, operation, and plant life extension. A systematic approach to characterization of safety margins and the subsequent margins management options represents a vital input to the licensee and regulatory analysis and decision making that will be involved. The purpose of the Risk Informed Safety Margin Characterization (RISMC) Pathway research and development (R&D) is to support plant decisions for risk-informed margins management by improving economics and reliability, and sustaining safety, of current NPPs. Goals of the RISMC Pathway are twofold: (1) Develop and demonstrate a risk-assessment method coupled to safety margin quantification that can be used by NPP decision makers as part of their margin recovery strategies. (2) Create an advanced “RISMC toolkit” that enables more accurate representation of NPP safety margin. In order to carry out the R&D needed for the Pathway, the Idaho National Laboratory is performing a series of case studies that will explore methods- and tools-development issues, in addition to being of current interest in their own right. One such study is a comparative analysis of safety margins of plants using different fuel cladding types: specifically, a comparison between current-technology Zircaloy cladding and a notional “accident-tolerant” (e.g., SiC-based) cladding. The present report begins the process of applying capabilities that are still under development to the problem of assessing new fuel designs. The approach and lessons learned from this case study will be included in future Technical Basis Guides produced by the RISMC Pathway. These guides will be the mechanism for developing the specifications for RISMC tools and for defining how plant decision makers should propose and evaluate margin recovery strategies.

Smith, Curtis [Idaho National Laboratory; Chichester, Heather [Idaho National Laboratory; Johns, Jesse [Texas A& M University; Teague, Melissa [Idaho National Laboratory; Tonks, Michael Idaho National Laboratory; Youngblood, Robert [Idaho National Laboratory

2014-09-01

297

Simulation Study of Traffic Accidents in Bidirectional Traffic Models  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Conditions for the occurrence of bidirectional collisions are developed based on the Simon-Gutowitz bidirectional traffic model. Three types of dangerous situations can occur in this model. We analyze those corresponding to head-on collision; rear-end collision and lane-changing collision. Using Monte Carlo simulations, we compute the probability of the occurrence of these collisions for different values of the oncoming cars' density. It is found that the risk of collisions is important when the density of cars in one lane is small and that of the other lane is high enough. The influence of different proportions of heavy vehicles is also studied. We found that heavy vehicles cause an important reduction of traffic flow on the home lane and provoke an increase of the risk of car accidents.

Moussa, Najem

298

Advanced Technology Vehicle Testing  

SciTech Connect

The light-duty vehicle transportation sector in the United States depends heavily on imported petroleum as a transportation fuel. The Department of Energy’s Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) is testing advanced technology vehicles to help reduce this dependency, which would contribute to the economic stability and homeland security of the United States. These advanced technology test vehicles include internal combustion engine vehicles operating on 100% hydrogen (H2) and H2CNG (compressed natural gas) blended fuels, hybrid electric vehicles, neighborhood electric vehicles, urban electric vehicles, and electric ground support vehicles. The AVTA tests and evaluates these vehicles with closed track and dynamometer testing methods (baseline performance testing) and accelerated reliability testing methods (accumulating lifecycle vehicle miles and operational knowledge within 1 to 1.5 years), and in normal fleet environments. The Arizona Public Service Alternative Fuel Pilot Plant and H2-fueled vehicles are demonstrating the feasibility of using H2 as a transportation fuel. Hybrid, neighborhood, and urban electric test vehicles are demonstrating successful applications of electric drive vehicles in various fleet missions. The AVTA is also developing electric ground support equipment (GSE) test procedures, and GSE testing will start during the fall of 2003. All of these activities are intended to support U.S. energy independence. The Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory manages these activities for the AVTA.

James Francfort

2003-11-01

299

Analysis of the Chernobyl accident  

SciTech Connect

The unfortunate accident at Chernobyl Unit 4 has indicated the strong feedback effects that coupled neutronics and thermal-hydraulics core have for some reactor designs. To better understand the accident and to provide an independent assessment of the accident scenario given by Soviet scientists, Westinghouse has attempted to model the Chernobyl RBMK reactor using its safety analysis system computer codes. Before the RBMK reactor could be modeled, a coarse, three-dimensional reactor kinetics model (FASTAR), which was under development at Westinghouse, was integrated into the Westinghouse small-break loss-of-coolant accident code, NOTRUMP. The FASTAR neutronic model uses a single neutron energy and six neutron precursor groups and includes reactivity feedback from the graphite moderator, fuel rods, and the coolant in both the fuel assemblies and the control channels. FASTAR was coupled directly to the NOTRUMP thermal-hydraulics calculation to provide the calculated core power history as a function of the reactor coolant conditions. The NOTRUMP code uses a five-equation two-phase flow thermal-hydraulic model with thermal nonequilibrium and a drift flux formulation. The analysis presented does support the Soviet explanation of the Chernobyl accident scenario as a plausible cause and shows the extreme coupling of the core neutronics and hydraulics for this reactor design.

Heck, C.L.; Hochreiter, L.E.; Huang, P.; Stolmar, A.

1987-01-01

300

Reliability Assessment Of Conceptual Launch Vehicles  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Planning is underway for new NASA missions to the moon and to MARS. These missions carry a great deal of risk, as the Challenger and Columbia accidents demonstrate. In order to minimize the risks to the crew and the mission, risk reduction must be done at every stage, not only in quality manufacturing, but also in design. It is necessary, therefore, to be able to compare the risks posed in different launch vehicle designs. Further, these designs have not yet been implemented, so it is necessary to compare these risks without being able to test the vehicles themselves. This paper will discuss some of the issues involved in this type of comparison. It will start with a general discussion of reliability estimation. It will continue with a short look at some software designed to make this estimation easier and faster. It will conclude with a few recommendations for future tools.

Bloomer, Lisa A.

2005-01-01

301

VEHICLE USAGE LOG Department ________________________________________ Vehicle Homebase ____________________________ Week Ended (Sunday) _________________  

E-print Network

VEHICLE USAGE LOG Department ________________________________________ Vehicle Homebase ____________________________ Week Ended (Sunday) _________________ Door #____________ License Plate ____________________ Vehicle/Supplies (Enter Description such as grade sheets, artifacts, money, etc.) 6. Taking vehicle to Automotive Shop

Yang, Zong-Liang

302

Daytime running lights in the USA: what is the impact on vehicle crashes in Minnesota?  

PubMed Central

Background Daytime running lights (DRLs) are a safety feature intended to reduce crashes by increasing the contrast between vehicles and the background. Aims The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is an association between vehicles in the USA being equipped with DRLs and crash rates. Methods This was a retrospective study using the Minnesota Department of Transportation (MNDOT) Crash Database from 1995 to 2002. Crash reports included in the analyses were limited to accidents involving vehicles 1995 or newer (DRLs not available on prior models) and limited to ideal conditions: (1) daylight, (2) optimal visibility, and (3) dry road surface. The vehicle identification number (VIN) was used to determine the make, model, and year. This information was cross-referenced with a National Highway Traffic Safety Administration table of manufacturer listed DRL conditions to determine vehicle DRL status. Crude crash rates for vehicles were calculated relative to the number of all registered vehicles in Minnesota in 2004, for models 1995–2002. Ninety-five percent confidence intervals (CI) for the rates were constructed assuming a Poisson error distribution. Results During 1995–2002, there were 184,637 vehicles (1995 or newer) with identifiable VINs involved in accidents which occurred under the specified test conditions. Of these vehicles, 37,909 were determined to have standard DRLs and 146,728 were determined to be models without DRLs (including those listed as DRL optional). The crash rate among vehicles without standard DRLs was 1.73 (95% CI: 1.71–1.75) times higher than the rate for vehicles with standard DRLs. The rate ratio was also significant for fatal vehicle crash rates 1.48 (95% CI: 1.23–1.76). Conclusion Minnesota vehicles equipped with DRLs were associated with a statistically significant lower crash rate compared to vehicles without DRLs from 1995 to 2002. PMID:20414380

Krajicek, Michele E.

2010-01-01

303

Building Spacecraft & Launch Vehicles! Space Vehicle Design!  

E-print Network

)" ·! Von Braun group used to developing integrated vehicle and payload; now different design teams would HQ" ·! Lunar crasher" ·! Chance Vought study" ·! Weight-lifting capability of Saturn C-5" ·! Von Braun's acquiescence for LOR" Joe Shea" ·! Evolution of Saturn launch vehicles" ·! Development of rocket

Stengel, Robert F.

304

Road Traffic Accidents in Kazakhstan  

PubMed Central

Background: The article provides the analysis of death rates in road traffic accidents in Kazakhstan from 2004 to 2010 and explores the use of sanitary aviation. Methods: Data of fatalities caused by road traffic accidents were collected and analysed. Descriptive and analytical methods of epidemiology and biomedical statistics were applied. Results: Totaly 27,003 people died as a result of road traffic accidents in this period. The death rate for the total population due to road traffic accidents was 25.0±2.10/0000. The death rate for men was (38.3±3.20/0000), which was higher (P<0.05) than that for women (12.6±1.10/0000). High death rates in the entire male population were identified among men of 30–39 years old, whereas the highest rates for women were attributed to the groups of 50–59 years old and 70–79 years old. In time dynamics, death rates tended to decrease: the total population (Tdec=?2.4%), men (Tdec=?2.3%) and women (Tdec=?1.4%). When researching territorial relevance, the rates were established as low (to 18.30/0000), average (between 18.3 and 24.00/0000) and high (from 24.00/0000 and above). Thus, the regions with high rates included Akmola region (24.30/0000), Mangistau region (25.90/0000), Zhambyl region (27.30/0000), Almaty region (29.30/0000) and South Kazakhstan region (32.40/0000). Conclusion: The identified epidemiological characteristics of the population deaths rates from road traffic accidents should be used in integrated and targeted interventions to enhance prevention of injuries in accidents. PMID:23641400

AUBAKIROVA, Alma; KOSSUMOV, Alibek; IGISSINOV, Nurbek

2013-01-01

305

Connected Vehicle Technology  

MedlinePLUS

... Sheet: Improving Safety and Mobility Through Connected Vehicle Technology The U.S. Department of Transportation is committed to ... stage of roadway safety in America, connected vehicle technology shows great promise in transforming the way Americans ...

306

Investigation of the Challenger Accident  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The work of the Presidential Commission on the Space Shuttle Challenger Accident (hereafter referred to as the Rogers Commission) and the work of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration in investigating the causes of the accident were reviewed. In addition to reviewing the five volumes of the Rogers Commission, the entire direct on-line Rogers Commission data base, which included full-text and document retrieval capability was also reviewed. The findings and recommendations contained also include materials submitted for the record, staff investigations, interviews, and trips.

1986-01-01

307

Electric Vehicle Research Group  

E-print Network

..............................................................................................7 C2-23 / M015 Lightweight Modular Vehicle Platform ...........................................10 Properties of Metal/Epoxy Foam Hybrid Structures

Liley, David

308

Columbia Accident Investigation Board Report. Volume Five  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Volume V of the Report contains appendices that were not cited in VolumeI. These consist of documents produced by NASA and other organizations, which were provided to the Columbia Accident Investigation Board in support of its inquiry into the February 1, 2003 destruction of the Space Shuttle Columbia The contents include:. Appendix G.1 Requirements and Procedures for Certification of Flight Readiness; Appendix G.2 Appendix R, Space Shuttle Program Contingency Action Plan; Appendix G.3 CAIB Charter, with Revisions; Appendix G.4 Group 1 Matrix Brief on Maintenance, Material, and Management; Appendix G.5 Vehicle Data Mapping(VDM) Team Final Report, Jun 13, 2003; Appendix G.6 SRB Working Group Presentation to CAIB; Appendix G. 7 Starfire Team Final Report, Jun 3, 2003; Appendix G.8 Using the Data and Observations from Flight STS-107, Executive Summary; Appendix G.9 Contracts, Incentives, and Safety/Technical Excellence; Appendix G.10 Detailed Summaries: Rogers Commission Report, ASAP Report, SIAT Report; Appendix G.11 Foam Application and Production Chart; Appendix G.12 Crew Survivability Report; and Appendix G.12 Aero/Aerothermal/ Thermal/Structures Team FinalReport, August 6, 2003.

Gehmann, H. W.; Barry, J. L.; Deal, D. W.; Hallock, J. N.; Hess, K. W.

2003-01-01

309

Motor Vehicle Record Procedure Objective  

E-print Network

Motor Vehicle Record Procedure Objective Outline the procedure for obtaining motor vehicle record (MVR) through Fleet Services. Vehicle Operator Policy 3. Operators with 7 or more points on their motor vehicle record

Kirschner, Denise

310

Washington State Electric Vehicle  

E-print Network

Washington State Electric Vehicle Implementation Bryan Bazard Maintenance and Alternate Fuel Technology Manager #12;Executive Order 14-04 Requires the procurement of electric vehicles where and equipment with electricity or biofuel to the "extent practicable" by June 2015 1. The vehicle is due

California at Davis, University of

311

Powertrain & Vehicle Research Centre  

E-print Network

Powertrain & Vehicle Research Centre Low Carbon Powertrain Development S Akehurst, EPSRC Advanced Viewing Trade-Offs and Finding Optima Realism Advanced Engine Test Vehicle Test Rolling Road Powertrain Simulation Basic Engine Test Vehicle Test Cost & Complexity Towards Final Product Lean Powertrain Development

Burton, Geoffrey R.

312

Powertrain & Vehicle Research Centre  

E-print Network

Powertrain & Vehicle Research Centre Low Carbon Powertrain Development S. Akehurst, EPSRC Advanced Research Fellow A vehicles powertrain is a complex combination of interacting sub-systems which include complexity ·More efficient Vehicles, quicker to market, reduced cost to consumer The Optimisation Task

Burton, Geoffrey R.

313

Aerodynamics of Small Vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this review we describe the aerodynamic problems that must be addressed in order to design a successful small aerial vehicle. The effects of Reynolds number and aspect ratio (AR) on the design and performance of fixed-wing vehicles are described. The boundary-layer behavior on airfoils is especially important in the design of vehicles in this flight regime. The results of

Thomas J. Mueller

2003-01-01

314

Automotive vehicle sensors  

SciTech Connect

This report is an introduction to the field of automotive vehicle sensors. It contains a prototype data base for companies working in automotive vehicle sensors, as well as a prototype data base for automotive vehicle sensors. A market analysis is also included.

Sheen, S.H.; Raptis, A.C.; Moscynski, M.J.

1995-09-01

315

Energy 101: Electric Vehicles  

ScienceCinema

This edition of Energy 101 highlights the benefits of electric vehicles, including improved fuel efficiency, reduced emissions, and lower maintenance costs. For more information on electric vehicles from the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, visit the Vehicle Technologies Program website: http://www1.eere.energy.gov/vehiclesandfuels/

None

2013-05-29

316

Green Vehicle Guide  

MedlinePLUS

What is a Green Vehicle? What you drive, how you drive, and what fuel you use can impact both the environment and your pocketbook. Learn ... and increases emissions? See More » Search for SmartWay Vehicles Find the cleanest, most fuel efficient vehicle that ...

317

Analysis of accidents during flashing operations  

E-print Network

. In this thesis, the relative impacts of flashing signal operation versus regular signal operation were evaluated in several cities and towns in the State of Texas. Analysis were conducted to determine whether an increase in accidents and accident severity...

Obermeyer, Michael Edward

1993-01-01

318

76 FR 55079 - Recreational Vessel Accident Reporting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...should not be considered reportable boating accidents, although it would continue counting incidents involving carbon monoxide poisoning, in-water electrical shock or other boat-related caused accidents. This notice is issued under...

2011-09-06

319

A highway accident involving unirradiated nuclear fuel in Springfield, Massachusetts, on December 16, 1991  

SciTech Connect

In the early morning of Dec. 16, 1991, a severe accident occurred when a passenger vehicle traveling in the wrong direction collided with a tractor trailer carrying 24 unirradiated nuclear fuel assemblies in 12 containers on Interstate I-91 in Springfield, Massachusetts. The purpose of this report is to document the mechanical circumstances of the severe accident, confirm the nature and quantity of the radioactive materials involved, and assess the physical environment to which the containers were exposed and the response of the containers and their contents. The report consists of five major sections. The first section describes the circumstances and conditions of the accident and the finding of facts. The second describes the containers, the unirradiated nuclear fuel assemblies, and the tie down arrangement used for the trailer. The third describes the damage sustained during the accident to the tractor, trailer, containers, and unirradiated nuclear fuel assemblies. The fourth evaluates the accident environment and its effects on the containers and their contents. The final section gives conclusions derived from the analysis and fact finding investigation. During this severe accident, only minor injuries occurred, and at no time was the public health and safety at risk.

Carlson, R.W.; Fischer, L.E. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

1992-06-01

320

Atmospheric entry of nuclear-powered vehicles due to accidental/inadvertent termination of operations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The entries of the radioactive components into earth's atmosphere resulting from an accident or inadvertent abort of a space vehicle powered by nuclear-thermal-rockets are investigated. The study is made for a typical piloted Mars mission vehicle incapacitated by an accident or malfunction during the trans-Mars-injection maneuver due to simultaneous multiple failures of its component systems. The three different accident/abort modes considered are the following: (1) a constant-rate angular pitching motion of the vehicle, (2) a constant-acceleration angular pitching motion of the vehicle, and (3) the rocket engine breaks away from the rest of the vehicle with a finite relative (dispersion) velocity. The speeds and angles of the atmospheric entries are calculated for each mode for different values of the time of the accident, pitching rate, acceleration, and dispersion velocity. For the most severe entry speeds and flight-path angles, the stagnation-point pressures, heat transfer rates, thickness, and mass per unit area of the heat shields necessary to protect the radioactive components from disintegrating, deceleration g-loads, and high ground-impact velocities are calculated. The study points out that the high g-loads and high ground-impact velocities are the most serious problems that must be addressed.

Menees, Gene P.; Park, Chul; Tauber, Michael E.

1992-01-01

321

Cooperative robotic sentry vehicles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As part of a project for the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Sandia National Laboratories' Intelligent Systems and Robotics Center is developing and testing the feasibility of a cooperative team of robotic sentry vehicles to guard a perimeter and to perform a surround task. This paper describes on-going activities in the development of these robotic sentry vehicles. To date, we have developed a robotic perimeter detection system which consists of eight 'Roving All Terrain Lunar Explorer Rovers' (RATLER), a laptop-based base-station, and several Miniature Intrusion Detection Sensors (MIDS). A radio frequency receiver on each of the RATLER vehicles alerts the sentry vehicles of alarms from the hidden MIDS. When an alarm is received, each vehicle decides whether it should investigate the alarm based on the proximity of itself and the other vehicles to the alarm. As one vehicle attends an alarm, the other vehicles adjust their position around the perimeter to better prepare for another alarm. For the surround task, both potential field and A* search path planners have been added to the base-station and vehicles. At the base-station, the operator specifies goal and exclusion regions on a GIS map. The path planner generates vehicles paths that are previewed by the operator. Once the operator has validated the path, the appropriate information is downloaded t the vehicles. For the potential field path planner, the polygons and line segments that represent the obstacles and goals are downloaded to the vehicles, instead of the simulated paths. On board the vehicles, the same potential field path planner generates the path except that it uses the true location of itself and the nearest neighboring vehicle. For the A* path planner, the actual path is downloaded to the vehicles because of limited on-board computational power.

Feddema, John T.; Lewis, Christopher L.; Klarer, Paul; Eisler, G. R.; Caprihan, Rahul

1999-08-01

322

Learning from Accident Analysis: The Dynamics Leading Up to a Rafting Accident.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analysis of a case study of a whitewater rafting accident reveals that such accidents tend to result from multiple actions. Many events leading up to such accidents include procedural and process factors, suggesting that hard-skills technical training is an insufficient approach to accident prevention. Contains 26 references. (SAS)

Hovelynck, Johan

1998-01-01

323

Analysis of Road Traffic Accident Rate in the Slovak Republic and Possibilities of Its Reduction through Telematic Applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There is a worldwide trend of increasing number of vehicles being newly introduced on an annual basis. On the road, there are great numbers of drivers with low discipline, aggressive driving habits and non-compliance with basic principles of responsible traffic behavior. As a consequence, the number of traffic accidents is rising, and so do their repercussions.

Kalašová, Alica; Krchová, Zuzana

324

NASA Medical Response to Human Spacecraft Accidents  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Manned space flight is risky business. Accidents have occurred and may occur in the future. NASA's manned space flight programs, with all their successes, have had three fatal accidents, one at the launch pad and two in flight. The Apollo fire and the Challenger and Columbia accidents resulted in a loss of seventeen crewmembers. Russia's manned space flight programs have had three fatal accidents, one ground-based and two in flight. These accidents resulted in the loss of five crewmembers. Additionally, manned spacecraft have encountered numerous close calls with potential for disaster. The NASA Johnson Space Center Flight Safety Office has documented more than 70 spacecraft incidents, many of which could have become serious accidents. At the Johnson Space Center (JSC), medical contingency personnel are assigned to a Mishap Investigation Team. The team deploys to the accident site to gather and preserve evidence for the Accident Investigation Board. The JSC Medical Operations Branch has developed a flight surgeon accident response training class to capture the lessons learned from the Columbia accident. This presentation will address the NASA Mishap Investigation Team's medical objectives, planned response, and potential issues that could arise subsequent to a manned spacecraft accident. Educational Objectives are to understand the medical objectives and issues confronting the Mishap Investigation Team medical personnel subsequent to a human space flight accident.

Patlach, Robert

2010-01-01

325

No Silver Bullet Essence and Accidents  

E-print Network

No Silver Bullet Essence and Accidents of Software Engineering TR86-020 September 1986 Frederick P. #12;No Silver Bullet Essence and Accidents of Software Engineering September, 1986 Doc. 860905 fpb TR Hill, North Carolina 27514 #12;NO SILVER BULLET - ESSENCE AND ACCIDENTS OF SOFTWARE ENGINEERING

North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

326

48 CFR 636.513 - Accident prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Accident prevention. 636.513 Section 636...CONTRACTS Contract Clauses 636.513 Accident prevention. (a) In accordance...activities shall insert DOSAR 652.236-70, Accident Prevention, in lieu of FAR...

2014-10-01

327

ASSESSMENT OF TWO ACCIDENTS INVOLVING SAFETY DEVICES  

E-print Network

98-14 ASSESSMENT OF TWO ACCIDENTS INVOLVING SAFETY DEVICES J.F. Lechaudel. S. Bauchet INERIS Verneuil-en-Halatte, France. ABSTRACT This paper mainly aims at describing and analysing two accidents : an ammonia leakage and an explosion in a chemical unit. These accidents are in connection with safety

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

328

48 CFR 836.513 - Accident prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Accident prevention. 836.513 Section 836...CONTRACTS Contract Clauses 836.513 Accident prevention. The contracting officer must insert the clause at 852.236-87, Accident Prevention, in solicitations and...

2012-10-01

329

Dynamic Multitasking: Accidents Lead to Nonlinear Contracts  

E-print Network

Dynamic Multitasking: Accidents Lead to Nonlinear Contracts Agostino Capponi Department of Applied allocates his resources on two tasks of different types: effort and accident pre- vention. We explicitly. In contrast to the linear incentive scheme for effort, accident prevention leads to a sublinear punish- ment

Frei, Christoph

330

48 CFR 836.513 - Accident prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Accident prevention. 836.513 Section 836...CONTRACTS Contract Clauses 836.513 Accident prevention. The contracting officer must insert the clause at 852.236-87, Accident Prevention, in solicitations and...

2013-10-01

331

Road accidents caused by drivers falling asleep  

Microsoft Academic Search

About 29?600 Norwegian accident-involved drivers received a questionnaire about the last accident reported to their insurance company. About 9200 drivers (31%) returned the questionnaire. The questionnaire contained questions about sleep or fatigue as contributing factors to the accident. In addition, the drivers reported whether or not they had fallen asleep some time whilst driving, and what the consequences had been.

Fridulv Sagberg

1999-01-01

332

Accident motivates scholarship April 3, 2012  

E-print Network

- 1 - Accident motivates scholarship recipient April 3, 2012 Scholarship recipient not deterred by accident, inspired to help others October 26, 2010, started out as just another day for Escalante High lost his life in a traffic accident, but because he is using that experience and its aftermath

333

48 CFR 1836.513 - Accident prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Accident prevention. 1836.513 Section 1836...CONTRACTS Contract Clauses 1836.513 Accident prevention. The contracting officer...in lieu of FAR clause 52.236-13, Accident Prevention, and its Alternate I....

2014-10-01

334

48 CFR 836.513 - Accident prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Accident prevention. 836.513 Section 836...CONTRACTS Contract Clauses 836.513 Accident prevention. The contracting officer must insert the clause at 852.236-87, Accident Prevention, in solicitations and...

2010-10-01

335

48 CFR 1836.513 - Accident prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Accident prevention. 1836.513 Section 1836...CONTRACTS Contract Clauses 1836.513 Accident prevention. The contracting officer...in lieu of FAR clause 52.236-13, Accident Prevention, and its Alternate I....

2013-10-01

336

48 CFR 836.513 - Accident prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Accident prevention. 836.513 Section 836...CONTRACTS Contract Clauses 836.513 Accident prevention. The contracting officer must insert the clause at 852.236-87, Accident Prevention, in solicitations and...

2011-10-01

337

48 CFR 836.513 - Accident prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Accident prevention. 836.513 Section 836...CONTRACTS Contract Clauses 836.513 Accident prevention. The contracting officer must insert the clause at 852.236-87, Accident Prevention, in solicitations and...

2014-10-01

338

48 CFR 636.513 - Accident prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Accident prevention. 636.513 Section 636...CONTRACTS Contract Clauses 636.513 Accident prevention. (a) In accordance...activities shall insert DOSAR 652.236-70, Accident Prevention, in lieu of FAR...

2013-10-01

339

Accident Prevention: Keeping Campers and Staff Safe.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strategies for risk assessment and accident prevention include supervising unstructured camper time; assessing games for potential dangers; examining facilities and special programs, including reviewing and evaluating safety and accident reports; and increasing staff awareness by discussing accidents at weekly staff meetings and generating ideas…

Lebenger, Seymour S.

1997-01-01

340

Electrical penetration assemblies severe accident testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The leakage behavior of electrical penetration assemblies (EPAs) is being evaluated by varying the penetration type, manufacturer, and hypothetical temperature and pressure accident profile. Nuclear qualified EPAs were procured from D.G. O'Brien, Westinghouse, and Conax. Severe accident sequence analysis was used to generate the severe accident conditions (SAC) for a large dry PWR, a BWR Mark I drywell, and a

J. D. Keck; F. V. Thome

1986-01-01

341

School Bus Accidents and Driver Age.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examines the rates and types of school bus accidents according to the age of the school bus driver. Accident rates in North Carolina for the school year 1971-72 were analyzed using three sources of data: accident reports, driver and mileage data, and questionnaires administered to a sample of school bus drivers. Data were obtained on…

McMichael, Judith

342

Injuries to pedestrians in road traffic accidents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although there have been many reports on injuries to occupants of cars in road traffic accidents, there have been few prospective studies of injuries to pedestrians in such accidents. For this reason a two year prospective study of pedestrians in road traffic accidents in the Oxford region was carried out. The incidence of death in pedestrians was significantly higher than

R. M. Atkins; W. H. Turner; R. B. Duthie; B. R. Wilde

1988-01-01

343

William and Mary Athletics State Vehicle / Rental Vehicle / Personal Vehicle Policies  

E-print Network

William and Mary Athletics State Vehicle / Rental Vehicle / Personal Vehicle Policies Last Update: 2/14/14 W&M's vehicle use policy requires that a driver authorization form be completed and approved before driving any vehicle (including a personal vehicle) for university business or a university

Swaddle, John

344

A theory-based preventive intervention program for bereaved parents whose children have died in accidents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conflicting theoretical propositions regarding what type of support is most effective at what time during bereavement guided the development and initial testing of a preventive intervention program for bereaved parents. Parents whose adolescent or young adult children died within 4 days following a vehicle-related accident were assigned to early (2–6 months postloss) or later (7–13 months postloss) transition groups in

Shirley A. Murphy; Karen Aroian; Robert Baugher

1989-01-01

345

Mortality from road traffic accidents in Switzerland: Longitudinal and spatial analyses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Road traffic accidents (RTA) are an important cause of premature death. We examined socio-demographic and geographical determinants of RTA mortality in Switzerland by linking 2000 census data to RTA mortality records 2000–2005 (ICD-10 codes V00–V99). Data from 5.5 million residents aged 18–94 years, 1744 study areas, and 1620 RTA deaths were analyzed, including 978 deaths (60.4%) in motor vehicle occupants,

Adrian Spoerri; Matthias Egger; Erik von Elm

2011-01-01

346

Road traffic accidents and alcohol Dublin and Kildare 1977–1981  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  The blood alcohol levels of 218 persons dying in road traffic accidents in Dublin city and county and county Kildare in the\\u000a five years 1977–1981 were examined. Sixty-seven per cent of those dead were found to have blood alcohol levels above 100 milligrams.\\u000a The representativeness of the sample is discussed and the distribution of blood levels between vehicle drivers, passengers

D. Walsh; P. Bofin; B. J. Sheehan; B. O’Donnell; G. Dean

1986-01-01

347

The Vehicle Ecosystem  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ubiquitous computing in the vehicle industry has primarily focused on sensor data serving different ubiquitous on-board services (e.g., crash detection, antilock brake systems, or air conditioning). These services mainly address vehicle drivers while driving. However, in view of the role of vehicles in today's society, it goes without saying that vehicles relate to more than just the driver or occupants; they are part of a larger ecosystem, including traffic participants, authorities, customers and the like. To serve the ecosystem with ubiquitous services based on vehicle sensor data, there is a need for an open information infrastructure that enables service development close to the customer. This paper presents results from a research project on designing such an infrastructure at a major European vehicle manufacturer. Our empirical data shows how the vehicle manufacturer's conceptualization of services disagrees with the needs of vehicle stakeholders in a more comprehensive vehicle ecosystem. In light of this, we discuss the effect on information infrastructure design and introduce the distinction between information infrastructure as product feature and service facilitator. In a more general way, we highlight the importance of information infrastructure to contextualize the vehicle as part of a larger ecosystem and thus support open innovation.

Kuschel, Jonas

348

Biomechanical injury evaluation of laminated side door windows and sunroof during rollover accidents.  

PubMed

Significantly more fatalities and serious injuries occur due to ejection in roll over accidents. The present study was conducted to determine the occupant retention and head-neck injury potential aspects of laminated glass in side door windows and sunroofs during roll over accidents. The test protocol for this study was based on National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) studies for advanced glazing. The impact study of 18 kg with head-neck form was conducted on laminated glass of side doors and sunroofs from production vehicles. The drop speed was varied from 11 to 16 kph. The Hybrid III 50% male dummy head-neck form was impacted on the approximately center of the glass portion of the windows. The head injury criteria, head resultant acceleration, and neck loads and moments were quantified. A series of drop tests were conducted on roll down side windows with laminated glass. The head-neck biomechanical parameters were well below the critical value injury tolerance limits. Results indicated that the glass contained the dummy assembly and the head-neck biomechanical parameters were below the critical value injury tolerance limits in simulated rollover accidents. The present study demonstrates that head-neck injury is unlikely due to laminated glass side windows and sunroof laminated glass used in production vehicles during rollover accidents and that the dummy is contained by the laminated glazing. PMID:12724901

Sances, Anthony; Kumaresan, Srirangam; Carlin, Fred; Friedman, Keith; Meyer, Steve

2003-01-01

349

Motor vehicle crashes in roadway construction workzones: an analysis using narrative text from insurance claims.  

PubMed

Motor vehicle travel through roadway construction workzones has been shown to increase the risk of a crash. The number of workzones has increased due to recent congressional funding in 1991 for expanded roadway maintenance and repair. In this paper, we describe the characteristics and costs of motor vehicle crashes in roadway construction workzones. As opposed to using standard accident codes to identify accident types, automobile insurance claims files from 1990-93 were searched to identify records with the keyword "construction" in the accident narrative field. A total of 3,686 claims were used for the analysis of crashes. Keywords from the accident narrative field were used to identify five pre-crash vehicle activities and five crash types. We evaluated misclassification error by reading 560 randomly selected claims and found it to be only 5%. For each of four years, 1990-93, there was a total of 648,996,977 and 1,065 crashes, respectively. There was a 70% increase in the crash rate per 10,000 personal insured vehicles from 1990-93 (2.1-3.6). Most crashes (26%) involved a stopped or slowing vehicle in the workzone. The most common crash (31%) was a rear-end collision. The most costly pre-crash activity was a major judgment error on the part of a driver (n = 120, median cost = $2,628). An overturned vehicle was the most costly crash type (n = 16, median cost = $4,745). In summary, keyword text analysis of accident narrative data used in this study demonstrated its utility and potential for enhancing injury epidemiology. The results suggest interventions are needed to respond to growing traffic hazards in construction workzones. PMID:8924180

Sorock, G S; Ranney, T A; Lehto, M R

1996-01-01

350

A rollover indicator based on the prediction of the load transfer in presence of sliding: application to an All Terrain Vehicle  

Microsoft Academic Search

The lateral rollover of quad bikes represents a significant part of severe accidents in the field of agricultural work. The specifities of such vehicles (small wheelbase, track and weight), together with the terrain configuration (off-road environment) prevent from describing rollover occurence as it is proposed for car-like vehicles moving on asphalted roads. This paper proposes a rollover risk indicator dedicated

Nicolas Bouton; Roland Lenain; Benoit Thuilot; Jean-christophe Fauroux

2007-01-01

351

Sensor Systems for Vehicle Environment Perception in a Highway Intelligent Space System  

PubMed Central

A Highway Intelligent Space System (HISS) is proposed to study vehicle environment perception in this paper. The nature of HISS is that a space sensors system using laser, ultrasonic or radar sensors are installed in a highway environment and communication technology is used to realize the information exchange between the HISS server and vehicles, which provides vehicles with the surrounding road information. Considering the high-speed feature of vehicles on highways, when vehicles will be passing a road ahead that is prone to accidents, the vehicle driving state should be predicted to ensure drivers have road environment perception information in advance, thereby ensuring vehicle driving safety and stability. In order to verify the accuracy and feasibility of the HISS, a traditional vehicle-mounted sensor system for environment perception is used to obtain the relative driving state. Furthermore, an inter-vehicle dynamics model is built and model predictive control approach is used to predict the driving state in the following period. Finally, the simulation results shows that using the HISS for environment perception can arrive at the same results detected by a traditional vehicle-mounted sensors system. Meanwhile, we can further draw the conclusion that using HISS to realize vehicle environment perception can ensure system stability, thereby demonstrating the method's feasibility. PMID:24834907

Tang, Xiaofeng; Gao, Feng; Xu, Guoyan; Ding, Nenggen; Cai, Yao; Ma, Mingming; Liu, Jianxing

2014-01-01

352

Sensor systems for vehicle environment perception in a Highway Intelligent Space System.  

PubMed

A Highway Intelligent Space System (HISS) is proposed to study vehicle environment perception in this paper. The nature of HISS is that a space sensors system using laser, ultrasonic or radar sensors are installed in a highway environment and communication technology is used to realize the information exchange between the HISS server and vehicles, which provides vehicles with the surrounding road information. Considering the high-speed feature of vehicles on highways, when vehicles will be passing a road ahead that is prone to accidents, the vehicle driving state should be predicted to ensure drivers have road environment perception information in advance, thereby ensuring vehicle driving safety and stability. In order to verify the accuracy and feasibility of the HISS, a traditional vehicle-mounted sensor system for environment perception is used to obtain the relative driving state. Furthermore, an inter-vehicle dynamics model is built and model predictive control approach is used to predict the driving state in the following period. Finally, the simulation results shows that using the HISS for environment perception can arrive at the same results detected by a traditional vehicle-mounted sensors system. Meanwhile, we can further draw the conclusion that using HISS to realize vehicle environment perception can ensure system stability, thereby demonstrating the method's feasibility. PMID:24834907

Tang, Xiaofeng; Gao, Feng; Xu, Guoyan; Ding, Nenggen; Cai, Yao; Ma, Mingming; Liu, Jianxing

2014-01-01

353

VEHICLE USE RECORD M/Y DEPARTMENT VEHICLE LOCATION  

E-print Network

VEHICLE USE RECORD M/Y DEPARTMENT VEHICLE LOCATION Date Origin/Destination Purpose Time Out Time) Accuracy of Information (b) Valid Driver's License VEHICLE # TAG # VEHICLE MAKE, MODEL, AND YEAR NOTE: Vehicle logs must be maintained for audit purposes. It is important that all of the required information

Watson, Craig A.

354

General Vehicle Performance Specifications for the UPRM AUV Vehicle Specifications  

E-print Network

General Vehicle Performance Specifications for the UPRM AUV Vehicle Specifications Vehicle Characteristics Specification Maximum Depth 700m with 1.5 safety factor Vehicle power 2kWHr Li Ion Rechargeable Transducer 700m rated Paroscientific Depth Sensor will be integrated into the vehicle navigation stream

Gilbes, Fernando

355

Vehicle underbody fairing  

DOEpatents

A vehicle underbody fairing apparatus for reducing aerodynamic drag caused by a vehicle wheel assembly, by reducing the size of a recirculation zone formed under the vehicle body immediately downstream of the vehicle wheel assembly. The fairing body has a tapered aerodynamic surface that extends from a front end to a rear end of the fairing body with a substantially U-shaped cross-section that tapers in both height and width. Fasteners or other mounting devices secure the fairing body to an underside surface of the vehicle body, so that the front end is immediately downstream of the vehicle wheel assembly and a bottom section of the tapered aerodynamic surface rises towards the underside surface as it extends in a downstream direction.

Ortega, Jason M. (Pacifica, CA); Salari, Kambiz (Livermore, CA); McCallen, Rose (Livermore, CA)

2010-11-09

356

Accident/Mishap Investigation System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

InvestigationOrganizer (IO) is a Web-based collaborative information system that integrates the generic functionality of a database, a document repository, a semantic hypermedia browser, and a rule-based inference system with specialized modeling and visualization functionality to support accident/mishap investigation teams. This accessible, online structure is designed to support investigators by allowing them to make explicit, shared, and meaningful links among evidence, causal models, findings, and recommendations.

Keller, Richard; Wolfe, Shawn; Gawdiak, Yuri; Carvalho, Robert; Panontin, Tina; Williams, James; Sturken, Ian

2007-01-01

357

Aerodynamics of Heavy Vehicles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present an overview of the aerodynamics of heavy vehicles, such as tractor-trailers, high-speed trains, and buses. We introduce three-dimensional flow structures around simplified model vehicles and heavy vehicles and discuss the flow-control devices used for drag reduction. Finally, we suggest important unsteady flow structures to investigate for the enhancement of aerodynamic performance and future directions for experimental and numerical approaches.

Choi, Haecheon; Lee, Jungil; Park, Hyungmin

2014-01-01

358

AERODYNAMICS OF SMALL VEHICLES  

Microsoft Academic Search

? Abstract In this review,we,describe,the aerodynamic,problems,that must,be addressed in order to design a successful small aerial vehicle. The effects of Reynolds number,and aspect ratio (AR) on the design and performance,of fixed-wing vehicles are described. The boundary-layer behavior on airfoils is especially important in the design of vehicles in this flight regime. The results of a number,of experimental,boundary-layer studies, including the

Thomas J. Mueller; James D. DeLaurier

2003-01-01

359

Initial posttraumatic urinary cortisol levels predict subsequent PTSD symptoms in motor vehicle  

E-print Network

Background: This study was designed to examine the relationship between urinary hormone levels collected upon admission to the trauma unit following a motor vehicle accident and posttraumatic stress disorder symptomatology 1 month later. Methods: Fifteen-hour urine samples were collected from 63 male and 36 female motor vehicle accident victims and were used to assess levels of catecholamines and cortisol reflecting peritraumatic and acute-phase posttraumatic levels. Presence of posttraumatic stress disorder symptomatology was assessed 1 month after the accident. Results: Motor vehicle accident victims subsequently diagnosed with acute posttraumatic stress disorder excreted significantly lower levels of cortisol in 15-hour urines collected upon admission to the hospital. In addition, urinary levels of cortisol predicted a significant percentage of the variance in intrusive and avoidant thoughts 1 month after the accident. Conclusions: The results of our study suggest that initial cortisol levels in the immediate aftermath of a traumatic event contribute, in part, to subsequent symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder. Biol Psychiatry 2000;48:

Douglas L. Delahanty; A. Jay Raimonde; Eileen Spoonster

2000-01-01

360

Development of an in-vehicle intersection collision countermeasure  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Intersection collisions constitute approximately twenty-six percent of all accidents in the United States. Because of their complexity, and demands on the perceptual and decision making abilities of the driver, intersections present an increased risk of collisions between automobiles. This situation provides an opportunity to apply advanced sensor and processing capabilities to prevent these collisions. A program to determine the characteristics of intersection collisions and identify potential countermeasures will be described. This program, sponsored by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, utilized accident data to develop a taxonomy of intersection crashes. This taxonomy was used to develop a concept for an intersection collision avoidance countermeasure. The concept utilizes in-vehicle position, dynamic status, and millimeter wave radar system and an in-vehicle computer system to provide inputs to an intersection collision avoidance algorithm. Detection of potential violation of traffic control device, or proceeding into the intersection with inadequate gap will lead to the presentation of a warning to the driver. These warnings are presented to the driver primarily via a head-up display and haptic feedback. Roadside to vehicle communication provides information regarding phased traffic signal information. Active control of the vehicle's brake and steering systems are described. Progress in the development of the systems will be presented along with the schedule of future activities.

Pierowicz, John

1997-02-01

361

TVA and the electric vehicle  

SciTech Connect

This brochure illustrates and describes the reliability testing carried out on electric vehicles. Seventeen vehicles including passenger car, station wagons, pick-up trucks, and mini-vans were tested under real-world conditions. Tests include vehicle reliability testing, vehicle performance testing, in-vehicle battery testing, battery charger testing, and EV support systems testing. (MHR)

Not Available

1983-01-01

362

Overview of Electrified Vehicle Systems  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource contains a chart describing the components of electrified vehicle systems based on the vehicle drive system. Vehicle drive systems in the chart include conventional internal combustion engine, start/stop, mild hybrid electric vehicle (HEV), medium HEV, full HEV, plug-in series HEV, and battery electric vehicle. The chart is provided in both .jpg and .ppt (PowerPoint) formats.

Center for Advanced Automotive Technology (CAAT)

363

Coping Strategies during Hospitalisation and Recovery Following Motor Vehicle Trauma: A Personal Account  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described in this paper are the multiple injuries the author sustained as a result of a serious motor vehicle accident 5 years previously and the subsequent surgical and medical treatment. Also described are the different coping and adaptive skills he utilised during and after hospitalisation and how the nature of surgical and medical intervention…

Denholm, Carey John

2009-01-01

364

IVSS-2005-APS-05 Secure Protocol For Inter-Vehicle Communication Networks  

E-print Network

drivers with updated information on traffic and road conditions for efficient and safe driving. The main on Inter-Vehicle Communication (IVC) networks. ITS technologies will reduce the risk of traffic accidents to exchange data among each other. IVC networks provide drivers with updated information on traffic and road

Mahmud, Syed Masud

365

Lifting Body Flight Vehicles  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA has a technology program in place to build the X-33 test vehicle and then the full sized Reusable Launch Vehicle, VentureStar. VentureStar is a Lifting Body (LB) flight vehicle which will carry our future payloads into orbit, and will do so at a much reduced cost. There were three design contenders for the new Reusable Launch Vehicle: a Winged Vehicle, a Vertical Lander, and the Lifting Body(LB). The LB design won the competition. A LB vehicle has no wings and derives its lift solely from the shape of its body, and has the unique advantages of superior volumetric efficiency, better aerodynamic efficiency at high angles-of-attack and hypersonic speeds, and reduced thermal protection system weight. Classically, in a ballistic vehicle, drag has been employed to control the level of deceleration in reentry. In the LB, lift enables the vehicle to decelerate at higher altitudes for the same velocity and defines the reentry corridor which includes a greater cross range. This paper outlines our LB heritage which was utilized in the design of the new Reusable Launch Vehicle, VentureStar. NASA and the U.S. Air Force have a rich heritage of LB vehicle design and flight experience. Eight LB's were built and over 225 LB test flights were conducted through 1975 in the initial LB Program. Three LB series were most significant in the advancement of today's LB technology: the M2-F; HL-1O; and X-24 series. The M2-F series was designed by NASA Ames Research Center, the HL-10 series by NASA Langley Research Center, and the X-24 series by the Air Force. LB vehicles are alive again today.

Barret, Chris

1998-01-01

366

Accident risk and driver behaviour  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concepts of risk compensation and risk homeostasis are often used to describe or to explain drivers' tendencies to react to traffic system changes whether in roads, vehicles, weather conditions or in their own skills. However, it is important to distinguish between the general phenomenon and mechanisms underlying it. This paper first points out that to understand the basic mechanisms

Heikki Summala

1996-01-01

367

MELCOR analysis of the TMI-2 accident  

SciTech Connect

The MELCOR computer code has been used to analyze the first 174 minutes of the TMI-2 accident. MELCOR is being developed at Sandia National Laboratories for the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission for the purpose of analyzing severe accidents in nuclear power plants. Comparison of the code predictions to the available data shows that MELCOR is capable of modeling the key events of the TMI-2 accident and reasonable agreement with the available data is obtained. In particular, the core degradation and hydrogen generation models agree with best-estimate information available for this phase of the accident. While the code uses simplified modeling, all important characteristics of the reactor system and the accident phenomena could be modeled. This exercise demonstrates that MELCOR is applicable to severe accident analysis. 6 refs., 7 figs., 2 tabs.

Boucheron, E.A.; Kelly, J.E.

1988-01-01

368

Vehicle barrier systems  

SciTech Connect

The ground vehicle is one of the most effective tools available to an adversary force. Vehicles can be used to penetrate many types of perimeter barriers, transport equipment and personnel rapidly over long distances, and deliver large amounts of explosives directly to facilities in suicide missions. The function of a vehicle barrier system is to detain or disable a defined threat vehicle at a selected distance from a protected facility. Numerous facilities are installing, or planning to install, vehicle barrier systems and many of these facilities are requesting guidance to do so adequately. Therefore, vehicle barriers are being evaluated to determine their stopping capabilities so that systems can be designed that are both balanced and capable of providing a desired degree of protection. Equally important, many of the considerations that should be taken into account when establishing a vehicle barrier system have been identified. These considerations which pertain to site preparation, barrier selection, system integration and operation, and vehicle/barrier interaction, are discussed in this paper. 2 tabs.

Sena, P.A.

1986-01-01

369

Vehicle barrier systems  

SciTech Connect

The ground vehicle is one of the most effective tools available to an adversary force. Vehicles can be used to penetrate many types of perimeter barriers, transport equipment, and personnel rapidly over long distances, and deliver large amounts of explosives directly to facilities in suicide missions. The function of a vehicle barrier system is to detain or disable a defined threat vehicle at a selected distance from a protected facility. Numerous facilities are installing, or planning to install, vehicle barrier systems and many of these facilities are requesting guidance to do so adequately. Therefore, vehicle barriers are being evaluated to determine their stopping capabilities so that systems can be designed that are both balanced and capable of providing a desired degree of protection. Equally important, many of the considerations that should be taken into account when establishing a vehicle barrier system have been identified. These considerations which pertain to site preparation, barrier selection, system integration and operation, and vehicle/barrier interaction, are discussed in this paper.

Sena, P.A.

1986-01-01

370

Vehicle barrier systems  

SciTech Connect

The ground vehicle is one of the most effective tools available to an adversary force. Vehicles can be used to penetrate many types of perimeter barriers, transport equipment and personnel rapidly over long distances, and deliver large amounts of explosives directly to facilities in suicide missions. The function of a vehicle barrier system is to detain or disable a defined threat vehicle at a selected distance from a protected facility. Numerous facilities are installing, or planning to install, vehicle barrier systems and many of these facilities are requesting guidance to do so adequately. Therefore, vehicle barriers are being evaluated to determine their stopping capabilities so that systems can be designed that are both balanced and capable of providing a desired degree of protection. Equally important, many of the considerations that should be taken into account when establishing a vehicle barrier system have been identified. These considerations which pertain to site preparation, barrier selection, system integration and operation, and vehicle/barrier interaction, are discussed in this paper.

Sena, P.A.

1986-01-01

371

Light Vehicle Preventive Maintenance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This correspondence course, originally developed for the Marine Corps, is designed to instruct students in the performance of preventive maintenance on motor vehicles. Instructional materials are presented in three chapters as follows: (1) Major Maintenance Areas (maintenance system, tires, batteries, cooling systems, and vehicle lubrication; (2)…

Marine Corps Inst., Washington, DC.

372

Electric Vehicle Battery Challenge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A serious drawback to electric vehicles [batteries only] is the idle time needed to recharge their batteries. In this challenge, students can develop ideas and concepts for battery change-out at automotive service stations. Such a capability would extend the range of electric vehicles.

Roman, Harry T.

2014-01-01

373

Nuclear air cushion vehicles  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The state-of-the-art of the still-conceptual nuclear air cushion vehicle, particularly the nuclear powerplant is identified. Using mission studies and cost estimates, some of the advantages of nuclear power for large air cushion vehicles are described. The technology studies on mobile nuclear powerplants and conceptual ACV systems/missions studies are summarized.

Anderson, J. L.

1973-01-01

374

Mechatronic vehicle door assistant  

Microsoft Academic Search

Easy operation of vehicle functionality is an important distinguishing mark for competitiveness. Recently, several approaches are presented in order to assist the entry for passengers. In this paper a novel vehicle door is proposed that offers useful functionalities and increases the passengers' comfort. Based on a mechatronic door system, containing an environment sensor system, a semi-active actuator and a suitable

Jürgen Maas; Simon Kern

2007-01-01

375

ELECTRIC VEHICLES MODELLING AND  

E-print Network

and Drives Applied on a Hybrid Electric Car 215 Qianfan Zhang, Xiaofei Liu, Shumei Cui, Shuai Dong and Yifan Chapter 16 Predictive Intelligent Battery Management System to Enhance the Performance of Electric VehicleELECTRIC VEHICLES ­ MODELLING AND SIMULATIONS Edited by Seref Soylu #12

Schaltz, Erik

376

Saturn IB Vehicle Configurations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This 1968 chart depicts the various mission configurations for the Saturn IB launch vehicle. Developed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) as an interim vehicle in MSFC's 'building block' approach to the Saturn rocket development, the Saturn IB utilized Saturn I technology to further develop and refine the larger boosters and the Apollo spacecraft capabilities required for the marned lunar missions.

1968-01-01

377

Sleep Disorders as a Cause of Motor Vehicle Collisions  

PubMed Central

Studies have shown that a large proportion of traffic accidents around the world are related to inadequate or disordered sleep. Recent surveys have linked driver fatigue to 16% to 20% of serious highway accidents in the UK, Australia, and Brazil. Fatigue as a result of sleep disorders (especially obstructive sleep apnea), excessive workload and lack of physical and mental rest, have been shown to be major contributing factors in motor vehicle accidents. A number of behavioral, physiological, and psychometric tests are being used increasingly to evaluate the impact of fatigue on driver performance. These include the oculography, polysomnography, actigraphy, the maintenance of wakefulness test, and others. Various strategies have been proposed for preventing or reducing the impact of fatigue on motor vehicle accidents. These have included: Educational programs emphasizing the importance of restorative sleep and the need for drivers to recognize the presence of fatigue symptoms, and to determine when to stop to sleep; The use of exercise to increase alertness and to promote restorative sleep; The use of substances or drugs to promote sleep or alertness (i.e. caffeine, modafinil, melatonin and others), as well as specific sleep disorders treatment; The use of CPAP therapy for reducing excessive sleepiness among drivers who have been diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea. The evidence cited in this review justifies the call for all efforts to be undertaken that may increase awareness of inadequate sleep as a cause of traffic accidents. It is strongly recommended that, for the purpose of promoting highway safety and saving lives, all disorders that cause excessive sleepiness should be investigated and monitored. PMID:23626880

de Mello, Marco Túlio; Narciso, Fernanda Veruska; Tufik, Sergio; Paiva, Teresa; Spence, David Warren; BaHammam, Ahmed S.; Verster, Joris C.; Pandi-Perumal, Seithikurippu R.

2013-01-01

378

Sleep disorders as a cause of motor vehicle collisions.  

PubMed

Studies have shown that a large proportion of traffic accidents around the world are related to inadequate or disordered sleep. Recent surveys have linked driver fatigue to 16% to 20% of serious highway accidents in the UK, Australia, and Brazil. Fatigue as a result of sleep disorders (especially obstructive sleep apnea), excessive workload and lack of physical and mental rest, have been shown to be major contributing factors in motor vehicle accidents. A number of behavioral, physiological, and psychometric tests are being used increasingly to evaluate the impact of fatigue on driver performance. These include the oculography, polysomnography, actigraphy, the maintenance of wakefulness test, and others. Various strategies have been proposed for preventing or reducing the impact of fatigue on motor vehicle accidents. These have included: Educational programs emphasizing the importance of restorative sleep and the need for drivers to recognize the presence of fatigue symptoms, and to determine when to stop to sleep; The use of exercise to increase alertness and to promote restorative sleep; The use of substances or drugs to promote sleep or alertness (i.e. caffeine, modafinil, melatonin and others), as well as specific sleep disorders treatment; The use of CPAP therapy for reducing excessive sleepiness among drivers who have been diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea. The evidence cited in this review justifies the call for all efforts to be undertaken that may increase awareness of inadequate sleep as a cause of traffic accidents. It is strongly recommended that, for the purpose of promoting highway safety and saving lives, all disorders that cause excessive sleepiness should be investigated and monitored. PMID:23626880

de Mello, Marco Túlio; Narciso, Fernanda Veruska; Tufik, Sergio; Paiva, Teresa; Spence, David Warren; Bahammam, Ahmed S; Verster, Joris C; Pandi-Perumal, Seithikurippu R

2013-03-01

379

The Vehicle Technologies Market Report  

E-print Network

The Vehicle Technologies Market Report Center for Transportation Analysis 2360 Cherahala Boulevard Efficiency Transportation: Energy Environment Safety Security Vehicle Technologies T he Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Center for Transportation Analysis developed and published the first Vehicle Technologies Market

380

LIGHT-DUTYVEHICLES Vehicle Technology  

E-print Network

LIGHT-DUTYVEHICLES Vehicle Technology Deployment Pathways: An Examination of Timing and Investment areas ­ light- duty vehicles, non-light-duty vehicles, fuels, and transportation demand ­ in the context

381

Intelligent Vehicle Health Management  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As a part of the overall goal of developing Integrated Vehicle Health Management systems for aerospace vehicles, the NASA Faculty Fellowship Program (NFFP) at Marshall Space Flight Center has performed a pilot study on IVHM principals which integrates researched IVHM technologies in support of Integrated Intelligent Vehicle Management (IIVM). IVHM is the process of assessing, preserving, and restoring system functionality across flight and ground systems (NASA NGLT 2004). The framework presented in this paper integrates advanced computational techniques with sensor and communication technologies for spacecraft that can generate responses through detection, diagnosis, reasoning, and adapt to system faults in support of INM. These real-time responses allow the IIVM to modify the affected vehicle subsystem(s) prior to a catastrophic event. Furthermore, the objective of this pilot program is to develop and integrate technologies which can provide a continuous, intelligent, and adaptive health state of a vehicle and use this information to improve safety and reduce costs of operations. Recent investments in avionics, health management, and controls have been directed towards IIVM. As this concept has matured, it has become clear the INM requires the same sensors and processing capabilities as the real-time avionics functions to support diagnosis of subsystem problems. New sensors have been proposed, in addition, to augment the avionics sensors to support better system monitoring and diagnostics. As the designs have been considered, a synergy has been realized where the real-time avionics can utilize sensors proposed for diagnostics and prognostics to make better real-time decisions in response to detected failures. IIVM provides for a single system allowing modularity of functions and hardware across the vehicle. The framework that supports IIVM consists of 11 major on-board functions necessary to fully manage a space vehicle maintaining crew safety and mission objectives: Guidance and Navigation; Communications and Tracking; Vehicle Monitoring; Information Transport and Integration; Vehicle Diagnostics; Vehicle Prognostics; Vehicle mission Planning; Automated Repair and Replacement; Vehicle Control; Human Computer Interface; and Onboard Verification and Validation. Furthermore, the presented framework provides complete vehicle management which not only allows for increased crew safety and mission success through new intelligence capabilities, but also yields a mechanism for more efficient vehicle operations. The representative IVHM technologies for computer platform using heterogeneous communication, 3) coupled electromagnetic oscillators for enhanced communications, 4) Linux-based real-time systems, 5) genetic algorithms, 6) Bayesian Networks, 7) evolutionary algorithms, 8) dynamic systems control modeling, and 9) advanced sensing capabilities. This paper presents IVHM technologies developed under NASA's NFFP pilot project and the integration of these technologies forms the framework for IIVM.

Paris, Deidre E.; Trevino, Luis; Watson, Michael D.

2005-01-01

382

Dust Mitigation Vehicle  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A document describes the development and demonstration of an apparatus, called a dust mitigation vehicle, for reducing the amount of free dust on the surface of the Moon. The dust mitigation vehicle would be used to pave surfaces on the Moon to prevent the dust from levitating or adhering to surfaces. The basic principle of operation of these apparatuses is to use a lens or a dish mirror to concentrate solar thermal radiation onto a small spot to heat lunar regolith. In the case of the prototype dust mitigation vehicle, a Fresnel lens was used to heat a surface layer of regolith sufficiently to sinter or melt dust grains into a solid mass. The prototype vehicle has demonstrated paving rates up to 1.8 square meters per day. The proposed flight design of the dust mitigation vehicle is also described.

Cardiff, Eric H.

2011-01-01

383

Lunar material transport vehicle  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The proposed vehicle, the Lunar Material Transport Vehicle (LMTV), has a mission objective of efficient lunar soil material transport. The LMTV was designed to meet a required set of performance specifications while operating under a given set of constraints. The LMTV is essentially an articulated steering, double-ended dump truck. The vehicle moves on four wheels and has two identical chassis halves. Each half consists of a chassis frame, a material bucket, two wheels with integral curvilinear synchronous motors, a fuel cell and battery arrangement, an electromechanically actuated dumping mechanism, and a powerful microprocessor. The vehicle, as designed, is capable of transporting up to 200 cu ft of material over a one mile round trip per hour. The LMTV is capable of being operated from a variety of sources. The vehicle has been designed as simply as possible with attention also given to secondary usage of components.

Fisher, Charles D.; Lyons, Douglas; Wilkins, W. Allen, Jr.; Whitehead, Harry C., Jr.

1988-01-01

384

Psychiatric consequences of road traffic accidents  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE--To determine the psychiatric consequences of being a road traffic accident victim. DESIGN--Follow up study of road accident victims for up to one year. SETTING--Emergency department of the John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford. SUBJECTS--188 consecutive road accident victims aged 18-70 with multiple injuries (motorcycle or car) or whiplash neck injury, who had not been unconscious for more than 15 minutes, and

R Mayou; B Bryant; R Duthie

1993-01-01

385

Posttraumatic stress disorder following road traffic accidents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The aim of this prospective study was to determine the psychological effects of everyday road traffic accidents (RTAs). Methods: A community follow-up study was made of children (75 boys and 83 girls aged 7–18)—attending an Accident and Emergency Department after being involved in an RTA. Diagnostic clinical interview and self-completed psychometric assessments were performed. Results: Four weeks post-accident diagnostic

Paul Stallard; Emma Salter; Richard Velleman

2004-01-01

386

A Modular Telerobot Control System for Accident Response  

SciTech Connect

The Accident Response Mobile Manipulator System (ARMMS) is a teleoperated emergency response vehicle that deploys two hydraulic manipulators, five cameras, and an array of sensors to the scene of an incident. It is operated from a remote base station that can be situated up to four kilometers away from the site. Recently, a modular telerobot control architecture called SMART (Sandia's Modular Architecture for Robotic and Teleoperation) was applied to ARMMS to improve the precision, safety, and operability of the manipulators on board. Using SMART, a prototype manipulator control system was developed in a couple of days, and an integrated working system was demonstrated within a couple of months. New capabilities such as camera teleoperation, autonomous tool changeout and dual manipulator control have been incorporated. The final system incorporates twenty-two separate modules and implements eight different behavior modes. This paper describes the integration of SMART into the ARMMS system.

Anderson, Robert J.; Shirey, David L.

1999-07-20

387

Aircraft Loss-of-Control Accident Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Loss of control remains one of the largest contributors to fatal aircraft accidents worldwide. Aircraft loss-of-control accidents are complex in that they can result from numerous causal and contributing factors acting alone or (more often) in combination. Hence, there is no single intervention strategy to prevent these accidents. To gain a better understanding into aircraft loss-of-control events and possible intervention strategies, this paper presents a detailed analysis of loss-of-control accident data (predominantly from Part 121), including worst case combinations of causal and contributing factors and their sequencing. Future potential risks are also considered.

Belcastro, Christine M.; Foster, John V.

2010-01-01

388

Simulation of beyond design basis accidents.  

E-print Network

??Accident Management (AM) Programme werden gemeinhin als wichtiger Punkt des Defence in Depths Konzepts für Kernkraftwerke gesehen. Durch sorgfältige Analyse von auslegungsüberschreitenden Reaktorstörfällen ist es… (more)

Müllner, Nikolaus

2010-01-01

389

URBAN ROAD ACCIDENTS IN DHAKA, BANGLADESH Dr. Ishtiaque Ahmed  

E-print Network

URBAN ROAD ACCIDENTS IN DHAKA, BANGLADESH Dr. Ishtiaque Ahmed Associate Professor, Faculty of Civil of accidents and accident rates. A total number of 2,720 accidents occurred during 2007-2011. This has caused a total of 1,481 numbers of pedestrian fatal accidents with 1,562 pedestrian fatal casualties. The primary

Crawford, Ian

390

Summer activities: incidents and accidents.  

PubMed

Summer invites activities and sports that are unique to this time of year. Although safety is a priority, there are commonly accidents and incidents that occur while individuals are participating in these activities. The prevalence and incidence of several types of injuries and trauma related to water activities, camping, caving, backpacking, and hiking are discussed. Treatment of nonfatal drowning is discussed, along with the pathophysiologic process that must be corrected for optimal outcomes. Summer is a time for outdoor cooking, campfires, and the traditional Fourth of July firework pastimes, which can result in admissions to critical care areas. PMID:23692945

Krau, Stephen D

2013-06-01

391

Aerodynamic Design of Road Vehicles  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Guidebook discusses design of road vehicles to reduce aerodynamic drag. Book presents strategy for integrating aerodynamic design into vehicle design. Book written for readers lacking experience in aerodynamics.

Kurtz, D. W.

1985-01-01

392

Analyzing The Interactions between Brown-out Accidents and Night Vision Equipment in Military Aviation Accidents  

E-print Network

Aviation 2 rapid, or as uniform, as many would like. Expressed as an accident rate there were 7.583 Class Aviation Accidents: Loss of a UK RAF Puma Helicopter on Operational Duty in Iraq, November 2007 C US Army Aviators have been involved in almost 400,000 accidents costing in excess of $4 billion

Johnson, Chris

393

Injury and Illness Prevention Programs Investigation of Accidents, Injuries and Illnesses INVESTIGATION OF ACCIDENTS,  

E-print Network

Injury and Illness Prevention Programs Investigation of Accidents, Injuries and Illnesses 1 INVESTIGATION OF ACCIDENTS, INJURIES AND ILLNESSES AG TOOL 1 I. Purpose Investigations are conducted to find out the cause of accidents, injuries and illnesses, and to prevent similar events from happening in the future

Leistikow, Bruce N.

394

Effects of the Chernobyl accident on public perceptions of nuclear plant accident risks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Assessments of public perceptions of the characteristics of a nuclear power plant accident and affective responses to its likelihood were conducted 5 months before and 1 month after the Chernobyl accident. Analyses of data from 69 residents of southwestern Washington showed significant test-retest correlations for only 10 of 18 variables--accident likelihood, three measures of impact characteristics, three measures of affective

Michael K. Lindell; Ronald W. Perry

1990-01-01

395

Mars manned transportation vehicle  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A viable power system technology for a surface transportation vehicle to explore the planet Mars is presented. A number of power traction systems were investigated, and it was found that a regenerative hydrogen-oxygen fuel cell appears to be attractive for a manned Mars rover application. Mission requirements were obtained from the Manned Mars Mission Working Group. Power systems weights, power, and reactants requirements were determined as a function of vehicle weights for vehicles weighing from 6,000 to 16,000 lb (2,722 to 7,257 kg), (Earth weight). The vehicle performance requirements were: velocity, 10 km/hr; range, 100 km; slope climbing capability, 30 deg uphill for 50 km; mission duration, 5 days; and crew, 5. Power requirements for the operation of scientific equipment and support system capabilities were also specified and included in this study. The concept developed here would also be applicable to a Lunar based vehicle for Lunar exploration. The reduced gravity on the Lunar surface, (over that on the Martian surface), would result in an increased range or capability over that of the Mars vehicle since many of the power and energy requirements for the vehicle are gravity dependent.

Perez-Davis, Marla E.; Faymon, Karl A.

1987-01-01

396

GESTION DES PRESQUE ACCIDENTS ET ACCIDENTS MAJEURS : PREMIER BILAN D'UNE ENQUETE SUR DES SITES SEVESO  

E-print Network

GESTION DES PRESQUE ACCIDENTS ET ACCIDENTS MAJEURS : PREMIER BILAN D'UNE ENQUETE SUR DES SITES sur la gestion des presque accidents. Les presque accidents sont associés à la thématique des précurseurs et des signaux faibles, ces signaux qui sont rendus évident seulement une fois que l'accident est

Boyer, Edmond

397

Rapid road repair vehicle  

DOEpatents

Disclosed are improvments to a rapid road repair vehicle comprising an improved cleaning device arrangement, two dispensing arrays for filling defects more rapidly and efficiently, an array of pre-heaters to heat the road way surface in order to help the repair material better bond to the repaired surface, a means for detecting, measuring, and computing the number, location and volume of each of the detected surface imperfection, and a computer means schema for controlling the operation of the plurality of vehicle subsystems. The improved vehicle is, therefore, better able to perform its intended function of filling surface imperfections while moving over those surfaces at near normal traffic speeds.

Mara, Leo M. (Livermore, CA)

1999-01-01

398

Introduction to Electrified Vehicles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This PowerPoint presentation was delivered by Anthony Tisler from the Michigan Academy for Green Mobility Alliance (MAGMA) at the Utica Community Schoolsâ Professional Development Day for Teachers in the Industrial Arts/Engineering Pathway, held at the Instructional Resource Center in Sterling Heights, MI on April 15, 2014. The presentation provides information on electric vehicle architecture and components. It is a great tool for introducing students at the high school or college level to various battery electric vehicle (BEV) and hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) components, configurations, and operation.

Michigan Academy for Green Mobility Alliance (MAGMA)

399

Blast resistant vehicle seat  

DOEpatents

Disclosed are various seats for vehicles particularly military vehicles that are susceptible to attack by road-bed explosive devices such as land mines or improvised explosive devices. The seats often have rigid seat shells and may include rigid bracing for rigidly securing the seat to the chassis of the vehicle. Typically embodiments include channels and particulate media such as sand disposed in the channels. A gas distribution system is generally employed to pump a gas through the channels and in some embodiments the gas is provided at a pressure sufficient to fluidize the particulate media when an occupant is sitting on the seat.

Ripley, Edward B

2013-02-12

400

49 CFR 840.3 - Notification of railroad accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Notification of railroad accidents. 840.3 Section 840.3...BOARD RULES PERTAINING TO NOTIFICATION OF RAILROAD ACCIDENTS § 840.3 Notification of railroad accidents. The operator of a...

2013-10-01

401

49 CFR 840.3 - Notification of railroad accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Notification of railroad accidents. 840.3 Section 840.3...BOARD RULES PERTAINING TO NOTIFICATION OF RAILROAD ACCIDENTS § 840.3 Notification of railroad accidents. The operator of a...

2012-10-01

402

49 CFR 840.3 - Notification of railroad accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Notification of railroad accidents. 840.3 Section 840.3...BOARD RULES PERTAINING TO NOTIFICATION OF RAILROAD ACCIDENTS § 840.3 Notification of railroad accidents. The operator of a...

2011-10-01

403

49 CFR 840.3 - Notification of railroad accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Notification of railroad accidents. 840.3 Section 840.3...BOARD RULES PERTAINING TO NOTIFICATION OF RAILROAD ACCIDENTS § 840.3 Notification of railroad accidents. The operator of a...

2010-10-01

404

41 CFR 101-39.407 - Accident records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Accident records. 101-39...MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS AVIATION, TRANSPORTATION...SYSTEMS 39.4-Accidents and Claims § 101-39...had an unusually high accident frequency rate or a high...

2012-07-01

405

33 CFR 173.55 - Report of casualty or accident.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Report of casualty or accident. 173.55 Section 173.55 Navigation...BOATING SAFETY VESSEL NUMBERING AND CASUALTY AND ACCIDENT REPORTING Casualty and Accident Reporting § 173.55 Report of...

2011-07-01

406

29 CFR 1926.200 - Accident prevention signs and tags.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Accident prevention signs and tags. 1926...Signals, and Barricades § 1926.200 Accident prevention signs and tags. (a) General...regulations/ibr_locations.html. (h) Accident prevention tags. (1)...

2011-07-01

407

46 CFR 196.30-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 196.30-5 Section...RESEARCH VESSELS OPERATIONS Reports of Accidents, Repairs, and Unsafe Equipment § 196.30-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event...

2011-10-01

408

50 CFR 25.72 - Reporting of accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Reporting of accidents. 25.72 Section 25.72 Wildlife and Fisheries...PROVISIONS Safety Regulations § 25.72 Reporting of accidents. Accidents involving damage to property, injury to...

2013-10-01

409

49 CFR 225.11 - Reporting of accidents/incidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Reporting of accidents/incidents. 225.11 Section 225...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD ACCIDENTS/INCIDENTS: REPORTS CLASSIFICATION...INVESTIGATIONS § 225.11 Reporting of accidents/incidents. (a) Each...

2013-10-01

410

32 CFR 636.13 - Traffic accident investigation reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Traffic accident investigation reports. 636.13 ...Stewart, Georgia § 636.13 Traffic accident investigation reports. In addition...Airfield installations will record traffic accident investigations on DA Form 3946...

2014-07-01

411

49 CFR 801.30 - Records from accident investigations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 false Records from accident investigations. 801.30 Section... PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION Accident Investigation Records § 801.30 Records from accident investigations. Upon completion...

2010-10-01

412

33 CFR 173.55 - Report of casualty or accident.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Report of casualty or accident. 173.55 Section 173.55 Navigation...BOATING SAFETY VESSEL NUMBERING AND CASUALTY AND ACCIDENT REPORTING Casualty and Accident Reporting § 173.55 Report of...

2014-07-01

413

32 CFR 636.13 - Traffic accident investigation reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Traffic accident investigation reports. 636.13 ...Stewart, Georgia § 636.13 Traffic accident investigation reports. In addition...Airfield installations will record traffic accident investigations on DA Form 3946...

2013-07-01

414

40 CFR 68.168 - Five-year accident history.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Five-year accident history. 68.168 Section 68...PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CHEMICAL ACCIDENT PREVENTION PROVISIONS Risk Management Plan § 68.168 Five-year accident history. The owner or...

2012-07-01

415

49 CFR 840.3 - Notification of railroad accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Notification of railroad accidents. 840.3 Section 840.3 Transportation...RULES PERTAINING TO NOTIFICATION OF RAILROAD ACCIDENTS § 840.3 Notification of railroad accidents. The operator of a railroad...

2014-10-01

416

40 CFR 68.168 - Five-year accident history.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Five-year accident history. 68.168 Section 68...PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CHEMICAL ACCIDENT PREVENTION PROVISIONS Risk Management Plan § 68.168 Five-year accident history. The owner or...

2014-07-01

417

22 CFR 102.17 - Reports on accident.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Reports on accident. 102.17 Section 102.17 Foreign Relations...FUNCTIONS CIVIL AVIATION United States Aircraft Accidents Abroad Foreign Aircraft Accidents Involving United States Persons Or...

2012-04-01

418

29 CFR 1926.200 - Accident prevention signs and tags.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Accident prevention signs and tags. 1926...Signals, and Barricades § 1926.200 Accident prevention signs and tags. (a) General...regulations/ibr_locations.html. (h) Accident prevention tags. (1)...

2013-07-01

419

46 CFR 326.4 - Reports of accidents and occurrences.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 false Reports of accidents and occurrences. 326.4 Section...AGREEMENTS WITH AGENTS § 326.4 Reports of accidents and occurrences. The Agent shall report every accident or occurrence of a P&I...

2013-10-01

420

29 CFR 1926.200 - Accident prevention signs and tags.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Accident prevention signs and tags. 1926...Signals, and Barricades § 1926.200 Accident prevention signs and tags. (a) General...by reference in § 1926.6. (h) Accident prevention tags. (1)...

2014-07-01

421

46 CFR 78.33-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 78.33-5 Section...PASSENGER VESSELS OPERATIONS Reports of Accidents, Repairs, and Unsafe Equipment § 78.33-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event...

2014-10-01

422

22 CFR 102.17 - Reports on accident.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Reports on accident. 102.17 Section 102.17 Foreign Relations...FUNCTIONS CIVIL AVIATION United States Aircraft Accidents Abroad Foreign Aircraft Accidents Involving United States Persons Or...

2013-04-01

423

49 CFR 225.11 - Reporting of accidents/incidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Reporting of accidents/incidents. 225.11 Section 225...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD ACCIDENTS/INCIDENTS: REPORTS CLASSIFICATION...INVESTIGATIONS § 225.11 Reporting of accidents/incidents. (a) Each...

2012-10-01

424

32 CFR 634.29 - Traffic accident investigation reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Traffic accident investigation reports. 634.29 Section...Traffic Supervision § 634.29 Traffic accident investigation reports. (a) Accidents requiring immediate reports. The...

2011-07-01

425

14 CFR 291.22 - Aircraft accident liability insurance requirement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Aircraft accident liability insurance requirement. 291...Transportation § 291.22 Aircraft accident liability insurance requirement...carrier has and maintains in effect aircraft accident liability coverage that meets the...

2011-01-01

426

41 CFR 101-39.401 - Reporting of accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2012-07-01 true Reporting of accidents. 101-39.401 Section 101-39...39-INTERAGENCY FLEET MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS 39.4-Accidents and Claims § 101-39.401 Reporting of accidents. (a) The operator of the...

2014-07-01

427

46 CFR 196.30-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 196.30-5 Section...RESEARCH VESSELS OPERATIONS Reports of Accidents, Repairs, and Unsafe Equipment § 196.30-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event...

2014-10-01

428

46 CFR 326.4 - Reports of accidents and occurrences.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-10-01 false Reports of accidents and occurrences. 326.4 Section...AGREEMENTS WITH AGENTS § 326.4 Reports of accidents and occurrences. The Agent shall report every accident or occurrence of a P&I...

2014-10-01

429

14 CFR 420.59 - Launch site accident investigation plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 false Launch site accident investigation plan. 420.59 Section...a Licensee § 420.59 Launch site accident investigation plan. (a) General...shall develop and implement a launch site accident investigation plan that contains...

2013-01-01

430

49 CFR 801.30 - Records from accident investigations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 false Records from accident investigations. 801.30 Section... PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION Accident Investigation Records § 801.30 Records from accident investigations. Upon completion...

2011-10-01

431

22 CFR 102.17 - Reports on accident.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reports on accident. 102.17 Section 102.17 Foreign Relations...FUNCTIONS CIVIL AVIATION United States Aircraft Accidents Abroad Foreign Aircraft Accidents Involving United States Persons Or...

2010-04-01

432

14 CFR 415.41 - Accident investigation plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Accident investigation plan. 415.41 Section...a Federal Launch Range § 415.41 Accident investigation plan. An applicant must file an accident investigation plan (AIP), that...

2010-01-01

433

41 CFR 101-39.401 - Reporting of accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-07-01 false Reporting of accidents. 101-39.401 Section 101-39...39-INTERAGENCY FLEET MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS 39.4-Accidents and Claims § 101-39.401 Reporting of accidents. (a) The operator of the...

2012-07-01

434

41 CFR 101-39.401 - Reporting of accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2007-07-01 true Reporting of accidents. 101-39.401 Section 101-39...39-INTERAGENCY FLEET MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS 39.4-Accidents and Claims § 101-39.401 Reporting of accidents. (a) The operator of the...

2011-07-01

435

10 CFR 71.73 - Hypothetical accident conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Hypothetical accident conditions. 71.73 Section 71...Tests 2 § 71.73 Hypothetical accident conditions. (a) Test procedures. Evaluation for hypothetical accident conditions is to be based...

2012-01-01

436

33 CFR 173.55 - Report of casualty or accident.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Report of casualty or accident. 173.55 Section 173.55 Navigation...BOATING SAFETY VESSEL NUMBERING AND CASUALTY AND ACCIDENT REPORTING Casualty and Accident Reporting § 173.55 Report of...

2012-07-01

437

46 CFR 196.30-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 196.30-5 Section...RESEARCH VESSELS OPERATIONS Reports of Accidents, Repairs, and Unsafe Equipment § 196.30-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event...

2010-10-01

438

14 CFR 415.41 - Accident investigation plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Accident investigation plan. 415.41 Section...a Federal Launch Range § 415.41 Accident investigation plan. An applicant must file an accident investigation plan (AIP), that...

2014-01-01

439

32 CFR 634.29 - Traffic accident investigation reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2011-07-01 true Traffic accident investigation reports. 634.29 Section...Traffic Supervision § 634.29 Traffic accident investigation reports. (a) Accidents requiring immediate reports. The...

2012-07-01

440

46 CFR 326.4 - Reports of accidents and occurrences.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 false Reports of accidents and occurrences. 326.4 Section...AGREEMENTS WITH AGENTS § 326.4 Reports of accidents and occurrences. The Agent shall report every accident or occurrence of a P&I...

2012-10-01

441

32 CFR 634.29 - Traffic accident investigation reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Traffic accident investigation reports. 634.29 Section...Traffic Supervision § 634.29 Traffic accident investigation reports. (a) Accidents requiring immediate reports. The...

2014-07-01

442

49 CFR 233.5 - Accidents resulting from signal failure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Accidents resulting from signal failure. 233...REPORTING REQUIREMENTS § 233.5 Accidents resulting from signal failure. ...whenever it learns of the occurrence of an accident/incident arising from the...

2010-10-01

443

40 CFR 68.168 - Five-year accident history.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Five-year accident history. 68.168 Section 68...PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CHEMICAL ACCIDENT PREVENTION PROVISIONS Risk Management Plan § 68.168 Five-year accident history. The owner or...

2013-07-01

444

48 CFR 852.236-87 - Accident prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Accident prevention. 852.236-87 ...Provisions and Clauses 852.236-87 Accident prevention. As prescribed in...insert the following clause: Accident Prevention (SEP 1993)...

2010-10-01

445

46 CFR 78.33-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 78.33-5 Section...PASSENGER VESSELS OPERATIONS Reports of Accidents, Repairs, and Unsafe Equipment § 78.33-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event...

2010-10-01

446

22 CFR 102.17 - Reports on accident.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Reports on accident. 102.17 Section 102.17 Foreign Relations...FUNCTIONS CIVIL AVIATION United States Aircraft Accidents Abroad Foreign Aircraft Accidents Involving United States Persons Or...

2011-04-01

447

48 CFR 852.236-87 - Accident prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Accident prevention. 852.236-87 ...Provisions and Clauses 852.236-87 Accident prevention. As prescribed in...insert the following clause: Accident Prevention (SEP 1993)...

2013-10-01

448

14 CFR 294.40 - Aircraft accident liability insurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Aircraft accident liability insurance requirements. ...Requirements § 294.40 Aircraft accident liability insurance requirements. ...carrier has and maintains in effect aircraft accident liability coverage that meets...

2011-01-01

449

14 CFR 420.59 - Launch site accident investigation plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Launch site accident investigation plan. 420.59 Section...a Licensee § 420.59 Launch site accident investigation plan. (a) General...shall develop and implement a launch site accident investigation plan that contains...

2010-01-01

450

14 CFR 294.40 - Aircraft accident liability insurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Aircraft accident liability insurance requirements. ...Requirements § 294.40 Aircraft accident liability insurance requirements. ...carrier has and maintains in effect aircraft accident liability coverage that meets...

2014-01-01

451

10 CFR 835.1304 - Nuclear accident dosimetry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Nuclear accident dosimetry. 835.1304 Section 835...Exposure Situations § 835.1304 Nuclear accident dosimetry. (a) Installations...individuals to radiation from a nuclear accident is possible, shall provide...

2013-01-01

452

14 CFR 415.41 - Accident investigation plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Accident investigation plan. 415.41 Section...a Federal Launch Range § 415.41 Accident investigation plan. An applicant must file an accident investigation plan (AIP), that...

2011-01-01

453

49 CFR 801.30 - Records from accident investigations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 false Records from accident investigations. 801.30 Section... PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION Accident Investigation Records § 801.30 Records from accident investigations. Upon completion...

2013-10-01

454

40 CFR 68.168 - Five-year accident history.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Five-year accident history. 68.168 Section 68...PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CHEMICAL ACCIDENT PREVENTION PROVISIONS Risk Management Plan § 68.168 Five-year accident history. The owner or...

2011-07-01

455

40 CFR 68.42 - Five-year accident history.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Five-year accident history. 68.42 Section 68...AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CHEMICAL ACCIDENT PREVENTION PROVISIONS Hazard Assessment § 68.42 Five-year accident history. (a) The owner or...

2013-07-01

456

33 CFR 173.55 - Report of casualty or accident.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Report of casualty or accident. 173.55 Section 173.55 Navigation...BOATING SAFETY VESSEL NUMBERING AND CASUALTY AND ACCIDENT REPORTING Casualty and Accident Reporting § 173.55 Report of...

2013-07-01

457

32 CFR 636.13 - Traffic accident investigation reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2011-07-01 true Traffic accident investigation reports. 636.13 ...Stewart, Georgia § 636.13 Traffic accident investigation reports. In addition...Airfield installations will record traffic accident investigations on DA Form 3946...

2012-07-01

458

10 CFR 835.1304 - Nuclear accident dosimetry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Nuclear accident dosimetry. 835.1304 Section 835...Exposure Situations § 835.1304 Nuclear accident dosimetry. (a) Installations...individuals to radiation from a nuclear accident is possible, shall provide...

2012-01-01

459

10 CFR 835.1304 - Nuclear accident dosimetry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Nuclear accident dosimetry. 835.1304 Section 835...Exposure Situations § 835.1304 Nuclear accident dosimetry. (a) Installations...individuals to radiation from a nuclear accident is possible, shall provide...

2014-01-01

460

46 CFR 196.30-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 196.30-5 Section...RESEARCH VESSELS OPERATIONS Reports of Accidents, Repairs, and Unsafe Equipment § 196.30-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event...

2012-10-01

461

46 CFR 97.30-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 97.30-5 Section...MISCELLANEOUS VESSELS OPERATIONS Reports of Accidents, Repairs, and Unsafe Equipment § 97.30-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event...

2012-10-01

462

49 CFR 195.52 - Immediate notice of certain accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Immediate notice of certain accidents. 195.52 Section 195.52 Transportation...HAZARDOUS LIQUIDS BY PIPELINE Annual, Accident, and Safety-Related Condition Reporting...195.52 Immediate notice of certain accidents. (a) Notice...

2011-10-01

463

46 CFR 196.30-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 196.30-5 Section...RESEARCH VESSELS OPERATIONS Reports of Accidents, Repairs, and Unsafe Equipment § 196.30-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event...

2013-10-01

464

48 CFR 852.236-87 - Accident prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Accident prevention. 852.236-87 ...Provisions and Clauses 852.236-87 Accident prevention. As prescribed in...insert the following clause: Accident Prevention (SEP 1993)...

2012-10-01

465

32 CFR 636.13 - Traffic accident investigation reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Traffic accident investigation reports. 636.13 ...Stewart, Georgia § 636.13 Traffic accident investigation reports. In addition...Airfield installations will record traffic accident investigations on DA Form 3946...

2011-07-01

466

46 CFR 78.33-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 78.33-5 Section...PASSENGER VESSELS OPERATIONS Reports of Accidents, Repairs, and Unsafe Equipment § 78.33-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event...

2012-10-01

467

50 CFR 25.72 - Reporting of accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Reporting of accidents. 25.72 Section 25.72 Wildlife and Fisheries...PROVISIONS Safety Regulations § 25.72 Reporting of accidents. Accidents involving damage to property, injury to...

2012-10-01

468

49 CFR 801.30 - Records from accident investigations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-10-01 false Records from accident investigations. 801.30 Section... PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION Accident Investigation Records § 801.30 Records from accident investigations. Upon completion...

2014-10-01

469

46 CFR 97.30-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 97.30-5 Section...MISCELLANEOUS VESSELS OPERATIONS Reports of Accidents, Repairs, and Unsafe Equipment § 97.30-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event...

2013-10-01

470

10 CFR 71.73 - Hypothetical accident conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Hypothetical accident conditions. 71.73 Section 71...Tests 2 § 71.73 Hypothetical accident conditions. (a) Test procedures. Evaluation for hypothetical accident conditions is to be based...

2011-01-01

471

46 CFR 97.30-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 97.30-5 Section...MISCELLANEOUS VESSELS OPERATIONS Reports of Accidents, Repairs, and Unsafe Equipment § 97.30-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event...

2014-10-01

472

40 CFR 68.42 - Five-year accident history.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Five-year accident history. 68.42 Section 68...AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CHEMICAL ACCIDENT PREVENTION PROVISIONS Hazard Assessment § 68.42 Five-year accident history. (a) The owner or...

2014-07-01

473

49 CFR 233.5 - Accidents resulting from signal failure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Accidents resulting from signal failure. 233...REPORTING REQUIREMENTS § 233.5 Accidents resulting from signal failure. ...whenever it learns of the occurrence of an accident/incident arising from the...

2013-10-01

474

14 CFR 415.41 - Accident investigation plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Accident investigation plan. 415.41 Section...a Federal Launch Range § 415.41 Accident investigation plan. An applicant must file an accident investigation plan (AIP), that...

2012-01-01

475

33 CFR 173.55 - Report of casualty or accident.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Report of casualty or accident. 173.55 Section 173.55 Navigation...BOATING SAFETY VESSEL NUMBERING AND CASUALTY AND ACCIDENT REPORTING Casualty and Accident Reporting § 173.55 Report of...

2010-07-01

476

29 CFR 1926.200 - Accident prevention signs and tags.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Accident prevention signs and tags. 1926...Signals, and Barricades § 1926.200 Accident prevention signs and tags. (a) General...regulations/ibr_locations.html. (h) Accident prevention tags. (1)...

2012-07-01

477

46 CFR 326.4 - Reports of accidents and occurrences.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 false Reports of accidents and occurrences. 326.4 Section...AGREEMENTS WITH AGENTS § 326.4 Reports of accidents and occurrences. The Agent shall report every accident or occurrence of a P&I...

2011-10-01

478

14 CFR 420.59 - Launch site accident investigation plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-01-01 false Launch site accident investigation plan. 420.59 Section...a Licensee § 420.59 Launch site accident investigation plan. (a) General...shall develop and implement a launch site accident investigation plan that contains...

2011-01-01

479

10 CFR 71.73 - Hypothetical accident conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Hypothetical accident conditions. 71.73 Section 71...Tests 2 § 71.73 Hypothetical accident conditions. (a) Test procedures. Evaluation for hypothetical accident conditions is to be based...

2013-01-01

480

50 CFR 25.72 - Reporting of accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reporting of accidents. 25.72 Section 25.72 Wildlife and Fisheries...PROVISIONS Safety Regulations § 25.72 Reporting of accidents. Accidents involving damage to property, injury to...

2010-10-01

481

40 CFR 68.42 - Five-year accident history.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Five-year accident history. 68.42 Section 68...AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CHEMICAL ACCIDENT PREVENTION PROVISIONS Hazard Assessment § 68.42 Five-year accident history. (a) The owner or...

2012-07-01

482

48 CFR 852.236-87 - Accident prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Accident prevention. 852.236-87 ...Provisions and Clauses 852.236-87 Accident prevention. As prescribed in...insert the following clause: Accident Prevention (SEP 1993)...

2014-10-01

483

49 CFR 225.11 - Reporting of accidents/incidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Reporting of accidents/incidents. 225.11 Section 225...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD ACCIDENTS/INCIDENTS: REPORTS CLASSIFICATION...INVESTIGATIONS § 225.11 Reporting of accidents/incidents. Each railroad...

2010-10-01

484

14 CFR 420.59 - Launch site accident investigation plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-01-01 false Launch site accident investigation plan. 420.59 Section...a Licensee § 420.59 Launch site accident investigation plan. (a) General...shall develop and implement a launch site accident investigation plan that contains...

2014-01-01

485

14 CFR 415.41 - Accident investigation plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Accident investigation plan. 415.41 Section...a Federal Launch Range § 415.41 Accident investigation plan. An applicant must file an accident investigation plan (AIP), that...

2013-01-01

486

10 CFR 835.1304 - Nuclear accident dosimetry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Nuclear accident dosimetry. 835.1304 Section 835...Exposure Situations § 835.1304 Nuclear accident dosimetry. (a) Installations...individuals to radiation from a nuclear accident is possible, shall provide...

2011-01-01

487

41 CFR 101-39.401 - Reporting of accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 true Reporting of accidents. 101-39.401 Section 101-39...39-INTERAGENCY FLEET MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS 39.4-Accidents and Claims § 101-39.401 Reporting of accidents. (a) The operator of the...

2010-07-01

488

41 CFR 101-39.401 - Reporting of accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2012-07-01 true Reporting of accidents. 101-39.401 Section 101-39...39-INTERAGENCY FLEET MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS 39.4-Accidents and Claims § 101-39.401 Reporting of accidents. (a) The operator of the...

2013-07-01

489

46 CFR 78.33-5 - Accidents to machinery.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Accidents to machinery. 78.33-5 Section...PASSENGER VESSELS OPERATIONS Reports of Accidents, Repairs, and Unsafe Equipment § 78.33-5 Accidents to machinery. (a) In the event...

2011-10-01

490

48 CFR 852.236-87 - Accident prevention.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Accident prevention. 852.236-87 ...Provisions and Clauses 852.236-87 Accident prevention. As prescribed in...insert the following clause: Accident Prevention (SEP 1993)...

2011-10-01

491

49 CFR 225.11 - Reporting of accidents/incidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Reporting of accidents/incidents. 225.11 Section 225...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD ACCIDENTS/INCIDENTS: REPORTS CLASSIFICATION...INVESTIGATIONS § 225.11 Reporting of accidents/incidents. (a) Each...

2011-10-01

492

49 CFR 195.52 - Telephonic notice of certain accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Telephonic notice of certain accidents. 195.52 Section 195.52 Transportation...HAZARDOUS LIQUIDS BY PIPELINE Annual, Accident, and Safety-Related Condition Reporting...195.52 Telephonic notice of certain accidents. (a) At the earliest...

2010-10-01

493

22 CFR 102.17 - Reports on accident.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Reports on accident. 102.17 Section 102.17 Foreign Relations...FUNCTIONS CIVIL AVIATION United States Aircraft Accidents Abroad Foreign Aircraft Accidents Involving United States Persons Or...

2014-04-01

494

14 CFR 294.40 - Aircraft accident liability insurance requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Aircraft accident liability insurance requirements. ...Requirements § 294.40 Aircraft accident liability insurance requirements. ...carrier has and maintains in effect aircraft accident liability coverage that meets...

2013-01-01

495

10 CFR 71.73 - Hypothetical accident conditions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 false Hypothetical accident conditions. 71.73 Section 71...Tests 2 § 71.73 Hypothetical accident conditions. (a) Test procedures. Evaluation for hypothetical accident conditions is to be based...

2014-01-01

496

49 CFR 195.52 - Immediate notice of certain accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Immediate notice of certain accidents. 195.52 Section 195.52 Transportation...HAZARDOUS LIQUIDS BY PIPELINE Annual, Accident, and Safety-Related Condition Reporting...195.52 Immediate notice of certain accidents. (a) Notice...

2012-10-01

497

10 CFR 835.1304 - Nuclear accident dosimetry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nuclear accident dosimetry. 835.1304 Section 835...Exposure Situations § 835.1304 Nuclear accident dosimetry. (a) Installations...individuals to radiation from a nuclear accident is possible, shall provide...

2010-01-01

498

50 CFR 25.72 - Reporting of accidents.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Reporting of accidents. 25.72 Section 25.72 Wildlife and Fisheries...PROVISIONS Safety Regulations § 25.72 Reporting of accidents. Accidents involving damage to property, injury to...

2011-10-01

499

32 CFR 634.29 - Traffic accident investigation reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Traffic accident investigation reports. 634.29 Section...Traffic Supervision § 634.29 Traffic accident investigation reports. (a) Accidents requiring immediate reports. The...

2013-07-01

500

32 CFR 636.13 - Traffic accident investigation reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Traffic accident investigation reports. 636.13 ...Stewart, Georgia § 636.13 Traffic accident investigation reports. In addition...Airfield installations will record traffic accident investigations on DA Form 3946...

2010-07-01