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1

Energy efficient passenger vehicle  

Microsoft Academic Search

An energy efficient passenger carrying vehicle for road use. The vehicle basically comprises a long, narrow body carrying two passengers in a back-to-back relationship. The vehicle is basically a battery powered electric vehicle that can be charged by all free energy sources; namely, the sun, the wind, human muscles and momentum. The vehicle comprises four modules, namely body, solar, and

Dessert

1983-01-01

2

Energy efficient passenger vehicle  

Microsoft Academic Search

An energy efficient passenger carrying vehicle for road use comprised of a long, narrow body carrying two passengers in a back-to-back relationship is described. The vehicle is basically a battery powered electric vehicle that can be charged by all free energy sources; namely, the sun, the wind, human muscles and momentum. The vehicle comprises four modules: body, solar, and two

Dessert

1980-01-01

3

36 CFR 5.4 - Commercial passenger-carrying motor vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Commercial passenger-carrying motor vehicles...PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR COMMERCIAL AND PRIVATE OPERATIONS § 5.4 Commercial passenger-carrying motor vehicles....

2012-07-01

4

36 CFR 5.4 - Commercial passenger-carrying motor vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Commercial passenger-carrying motor vehicles...PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR COMMERCIAL AND PRIVATE OPERATIONS § 5.4 Commercial passenger-carrying motor vehicles....

2011-07-01

5

36 CFR 5.4 - Commercial passenger-carrying motor vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Commercial passenger-carrying motor vehicles...PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR COMMERCIAL AND PRIVATE OPERATIONS § 5.4 Commercial passenger-carrying motor vehicles....

2013-07-01

6

36 CFR 5.4 - Commercial passenger-carrying motor vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Commercial passenger-carrying motor vehicles...PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR COMMERCIAL AND PRIVATE OPERATIONS § 5.4 Commercial passenger-carrying motor vehicles....

2010-07-01

7

49 CFR 238.307 - Periodic mechanical inspection of passenger cars and unpowered vehicles used in passenger trains.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Periodic mechanical inspection of passenger cars and unpowered vehicles used in passenger...Periodic mechanical inspection of passenger cars and unpowered vehicles used in passenger...mechanical inspections of all passenger cars and all unpowered vehicles used...

2012-10-01

8

49 CFR 238.307 - Periodic mechanical inspection of passenger cars and unpowered vehicles used in passenger trains.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Periodic mechanical inspection of passenger cars and unpowered vehicles used in passenger...Periodic mechanical inspection of passenger cars and unpowered vehicles used in passenger...mechanical inspections of all passenger cars and all unpowered vehicles used...

2010-10-01

9

49 CFR 238.307 - Periodic mechanical inspection of passenger cars and unpowered vehicles used in passenger trains.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Periodic mechanical inspection of passenger cars and unpowered vehicles used in passenger...Periodic mechanical inspection of passenger cars and unpowered vehicles used in passenger...mechanical inspections of all passenger cars and all unpowered vehicles used...

2013-10-01

10

49 CFR 238.307 - Periodic mechanical inspection of passenger cars and unpowered vehicles used in passenger trains.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Periodic mechanical inspection of passenger cars and unpowered vehicles used in passenger...Periodic mechanical inspection of passenger cars and unpowered vehicles used in passenger...mechanical inspections of all passenger cars and all unpowered vehicles used...

2011-10-01

11

49 CFR 541.5 - Requirements for passenger motor vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Requirements for passenger motor vehicles. 541.5 Section 541...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION FEDERAL MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT PREVENTION STANDARD § 541.5 Requirements for passenger motor vehicles. (a) Each...

2013-10-01

12

49 CFR 541.5 - Requirements for passenger motor vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Requirements for passenger motor vehicles. 541.5 Section 541...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION FEDERAL MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT PREVENTION STANDARD § 541.5 Requirements for passenger motor vehicles. (a) Each...

2012-10-01

13

49 CFR 541.5 - Requirements for passenger motor vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Requirements for passenger motor vehicles. 541.5 Section 541...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION FEDERAL MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT PREVENTION STANDARD § 541.5 Requirements for passenger motor vehicles. (a) Each...

2010-10-01

14

49 CFR 541.5 - Requirements for passenger motor vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Requirements for passenger motor vehicles. 541.5 Section 541...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION FEDERAL MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT PREVENTION STANDARD § 541.5 Requirements for passenger motor vehicles. (a) Each...

2011-10-01

15

Advanced Vehicle system concepts. [nonpetroleum passenger transportation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Various nonpetroleum vehicle system concepts for passenger vehicles in the 1990's are being considered as part of the Advanced Vehicle (AV) Assessment at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. The vehicle system and subsystem performance requirements, the projected characteristics of mature subsystem candidates, and promising systems are presented. The system candidates include electric and hybrid vehicles powered by electricity with or without a nonpetroleum power source. The subsystem candidates include batteries (aqueous-mobile, flow, high-temperature, and metal-air), fuel cells (phosphoric acid, advanced acids, and solid polymer electrolyte), nonpetroleum heat engines, advanced dc and ac propulsion components, power-peaking devices, and transmissions.

Hardy, K. S.; Langendoen, J. M.

1983-01-01

16

Vehicle hydraulic system that provides heat for passenger compartment  

DOEpatents

A vehicle includes a vehicle housing which defines a passenger compartment. Attached to the vehicle housing is a hydraulic system, that includes a hydraulic fluid which flows through at least one passageway within the hydraulic system. Also attached to the vehicle housing is a passenger compartment heating system. The passenger compartment heating system includes a heat exchanger, wherein a portion of the heat exchanger is a segment of the at least one passageway of the hydraulic system.

Bartley, Bradley E. (Manito, IL); Blass, James R. (Bloomington, IL); Gibson, Dennis H. (Chillicothe, IL)

2001-01-01

17

49 CFR 583.7 - Procedure for determining major foreign sources of passenger motor vehicle equipment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...major foreign sources of passenger motor vehicle equipment. 583.7 Section...major foreign sources of passenger motor vehicle equipment. (a) Each...major foreign sources of passenger motor vehicle equipment and the...

2013-10-01

18

49 CFR 583.7 - Procedure for determining major foreign sources of passenger motor vehicle equipment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...foreign sources of passenger motor vehicle equipment. 583...foreign sources of passenger motor vehicle equipment. ...foreign sources of passenger motor vehicle equipment and...pins, braces, gasoline, oil, blackout, phosphate...

2010-10-01

19

49 CFR 583.7 - Procedure for determining major foreign sources of passenger motor vehicle equipment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...foreign sources of passenger motor vehicle equipment. 583...foreign sources of passenger motor vehicle equipment. ...foreign sources of passenger motor vehicle equipment and...pins, braces, gasoline, oil, blackout, phosphate...

2011-10-01

20

Requirements for the Crash Protection of Older Vehicle Passengers  

PubMed Central

This study compares injury outcomes in vehicle crashes involving different age groups of belted passengers. Two datasets were considered. Firstly, UK national data revealed that younger passengers are much more likely to be involved in crashes per million miles travelled compared to older passengers although older passengers are much more likely to be killed or seriously injured compared to younger passengers. Secondly, in-depth vehicle crash injury data were examined to determine some of the underlying reasons for the enhanced injury risk amongst older passengers. In crashes of approximately equal severity, the older passenger group were significantly more likely to be fatally injured in frontal crashes (p<0.001). However young passengers were as equally likely to be killed in struck-side crashes compared to the older group. The results also showed that older passengers sustained more serious injuries to the chest region in frontal crashes compared with the younger aged group (p<0.0001) and it is this body region that is particularly problematic. When the data were analysed further, it was found that a large proportion of passengers were female and that in the majority of cases, the seat belt was responsible for injury. Since by the year 2030, 1 in 4 persons will be aged over 65 in most OECD countries, the results suggest a need for intervention through vehicle design including in-vehicle crashworthiness systems that take into account reduced tolerance to impact with ageing. PMID:12941224

Morris, Andrew; Welsh, Ruth; Hassan, Ahamedali

2003-01-01

21

REFRIGERANT CONCENTRATIONS IN MOTOR VEHICLE PASSENGER COMPARTMENTS  

EPA Science Inventory

Refrigerant leak rates were measured for faulty air-conditioner evaporators removed from vehicles, and results indicated a range of very small to very large leaks. A survey of automotive air-conditioning service shops was conducted, and leakage scenarios were evaluated to determi...

22

Baseline tests of the EVA contractor electric passenger vehicle  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The EVA Contactor four door sedan, an electric passenger vehicle, was tested to characterize the state-of-the-art of electric vehicles. It is a four passenger sedan that was converted to an electric vehicle. It is powered by 16 series connected 6 volt electric vehicle batteries through a four step contactor controller actuated by a foot accelerator pedal. The controller changes the voltage applied to the separately excited DC motor. The braking system is a vacuum assisted hydraulic braking system. Regenerative braking was also provided.

Bozek, J. M.; Tryon, H. B.; Slavick, R. J.

1977-01-01

23

Compressed Natural Gas Passenger Vehicle Development - Issues and Challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research and development of automotive vehicle has always been influenced by the availability and the form of fuel. The oil reserves are depleting by the day. This will affect the automotive designs, research and development. particularly, the engine and transmission, fuel storage and the vehicle body. For passenger car, either an alternative fuel need to be sought and utilised

Barkawi Sahari; Yusoff Ali; Fakhru' l-Razi Ahmadun; Shahrir Abdullah; Masjuki Hj; Ishak Aris; Muhamad Adlan Abdullah; Fauzy Ahmad; V. Chelliah; Zahari Taha; T. G. Chuah; Norman Mariun; Ku Halim; Ku Hamid; V. R. Radhakrishnan

24

Deaths of teenagers as motor-vehicle passengers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most studies of teenage motor-vehicle crashes and injuries have focussed on drivers. However, deaths of 13- to 19-year-olds as passengers are nearly as common as teenage driver deaths (2,131 vs. 2,355 in 1993), and teenage passenger death rates are much higher relative to rates for older people than is the case for driver deaths. The deaths of both teenage drivers

Allan F. Williams; JoAnn K. Wells

1995-01-01

25

48 CFR 252.229-7009 - Relief from customs duty and value added tax on fuel (passenger vehicles) (United Kingdom).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...on fuel (passenger vehicles) (United Kingdom). 252.229-7009 Section 252...on fuel (passenger vehicles) (United Kingdom). As prescribed in 229.402-70...on Fuel (Passenger Vehicles) (United Kingdom) (JUN 1997) (a)...

2011-10-01

26

75 FR 26839 - Metrics and Standards for Intercity Passenger Rail Service under Section 207 of the Passenger...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Metrics and Standards for Intercity Passenger Rail Service under Section 207 of the Passenger Rail Investment and Improvement Act of 2008 AGENCY...SUMMARY: Section 207 of the Passenger Rail Investment and Improvement Act of 2008...

2010-05-12

27

Cross-correlation between time series of vehicles and passengers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study in this paper a cross-correlation between time series of vehicles and passengers collected in the ferry-boat system (sea route that connects the city of Salvador and Itaparica island, Bahia, Brazil), this study is based on the detrended cross-correlation analysis (DCCA) method. The DCCA method is designed to investigate power-law cross correlations between different simultaneously recorded time series in the presence of nonstationarity. Here in this paper we show that is possible to discriminate cross-correlation between vehicles and passengers and also identify seasonal components.

Zebende, G. F.; Filho, A. Machado

2009-12-01

28

Using Vehicle Taxes to Reduce Carbon Dioxide Emissions Rates of New Passenger Vehicles: Evidence from France, Germany, and Sweden  

E-print Network

France, Germany, and Sweden link vehicle taxes to the carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions rates of passenger vehicles. Based on new vehicle registration data from 2005–2010, a vehicle’s tax is negatively correlated with its ...

Klier, Thomas

29

77 FR 60672 - Grant of Authority for Subzone Status; Tesla Motors, Inc., (Electric Passenger Vehicles), Palo...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Grant of Authority for Subzone Status; Tesla Motors, Inc., (Electric Passenger Vehicles...passenger vehicle manufacturing facilities of Tesla Motors, Inc., located in Palo Alto and...and related powertrain components at the Tesla Motors, Inc., facilities located...

2012-10-04

30

A lightweight electronically commutated dc motor for electric passenger vehicles  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A functional model breadboard converter and a rare-earth-cobalt, permanent magnet motor; as well as an engineering model converter and PM motor suitable for vehicle installations were developed and tested. The converter and motor achieved an 88% peak efficiency, a maximum output of 26 kW at 26,000 rpm, and a continuous rating of 15 kW. The system also generated power to the source during braking, with a demonstrated peak power available at the converter terminals of approximately 26 kW at 88% efficiency. Major conclusions include: (1) the SAE J227a(D) driving cycle efficiency for the converter/motor is 86% to 88% when energy available for recovery at the converter terminals is included; (2) the converter initial cost is approximately five times that of the permanent magnet motor, but can be reduced by means of LSI logic and integrated liquid cooled semiconductor packages; and (3) an electronically commutated motor with a liquid cooled converter will operate reliably without service or maintenance for the life of a passenger vehicle.

Echolds, E. F.; Walla, P. S.

1982-01-01

31

Jig of passenger vehicle chassis design and welding process simulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on the design theory of jig welding and installing chassis wiring. The welding fixture and the weld install main line of the various locations of the passenger vehicle after floor are planed and designed, using CATIA V5R17 to modelling and assembling the jig, Conforms to the request jig chart is designed and produces the engineering plat. Then using the

Yinhu Qiao; Jiang Han; Chunyan Zhang

2010-01-01

32

The importance of high vehicle power for passenger car emissions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper we use a quantile regression technique to explore the emissions characteristics of petrol and diesel passenger cars to reveal the importance of high vehicle power on exhaust emissions. A large database of ?67,000 passenger cars from vehicle emission remote sensing data was used from surveys from several campaigns around the UK. Most previous remote sensing studies have focused on presenting mean emission estimates by vehicle type over time. However, as shown in the current work, considerably more insight can be gained into vehicle emission characteristics if techniques are used that can describe and model the full distribution of vehicle emissions as a function of important explanatory variables. For post-2000 model year (Euro 3-5) diesel cars it is shown that there is a strong dependence of vehicle specific power for emissions of NOx that was absent in earlier models and is absent for other pollutants such as CO, hydrocarbons and 'smoke'. Furthermore, we also find a stronger dependence on vehicle specific power for older catalyst-equipped petrol vehicles (Euro 1/2) on emissions of NOx that is less important for other emissions such as CO and hydrocarbons. Moreover, it is shown that while the rated maximum power output of petrol cars has remained almost constant over the past 15-20 years, the power output from diesel cars has increased markedly by about 50%. These results suggest that changes to vehicle technology, driving conditions and driver behaviour have become more important determinants of passenger car NOx emissions in recent years and may help explain why urban ambient concentrations of NOx have not decreased as much as anticipated.

Carslaw, David C.; Williams, Martin L.; Tate, James E.; Beevers, Sean D.

2013-04-01

33

40 CFR 86.1811-10 - Emission standards for light-duty vehicles, light-duty trucks and medium-duty passenger vehicles.  

...vehicles, light-duty trucks and medium-duty passenger vehicles...vehicles, light-duty trucks and medium-duty passenger vehicles...may be indicated by specifying the corresponding paragraph and the statement “[Reserved]. For...

2014-07-01

34

40 CFR 86.1811-09 - Emission standards for light-duty vehicles, light-duty trucks and medium-duty passenger vehicles.  

...vehicles, light-duty trucks and medium-duty passenger vehicles...vehicles, light-duty trucks and medium-duty passenger vehicles...may be indicated by specifying the corresponding paragraph and the statement “[Reserved]....

2014-07-01

35

Carbody and Passengers in Rail Vehicle Dynamics  

E-print Network

Rail vehicle dynamics is a subject that is necessary to master for many rail vehicle engineers, with many practical problems to overcome. It is also a source of interesting problems for the theoretically interested. Working on this thesis I have made an effort to understand both the engineer’s and the theorist’s points of view, and I hope that both find something interesting to read here. The work is a part of the project SAMBA, an abbreviation for “SAMverkan fordon-BAna ” (Vehicle-track interaction) which was initiated jointly by the Swedish railway industry (Adtranz, SJ and Banverket) and KTH. The overall aim of the project is to deepen the knowledge of rail-vehicle dynamics to the benefit of railway industry. The present work addresses the issue of development of modelling and simulation techniques for the prediction of carbody vibrations and ride comfort. The financial support from Adtranz Sweden, SJ, Banverket and NUTEK (The Swedish National Board for Industrial and Technical Development) is gratefully acknowledged. I owe a great Thank You to my supervisor Dr. Mats Berg for his continuous and reliable support. I thank Professor Evert Andersson for his enthusiastic and efficient advice. The

Pelle Carlbom; Pelle Carlbom

2000-01-01

36

49 CFR 374.201 - Prohibition against smoking on interstate passenger-carrying motor vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Prohibition against smoking on interstate passenger-carrying...CARRIER REGULATIONS Limitation of Smoking on Interstate Passenger Carrier Vehicles...374.201 Prohibition against smoking on interstate...

2012-10-01

37

49 CFR 374.201 - Prohibition against smoking on interstate passenger-carrying motor vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Prohibition against smoking on interstate passenger-carrying...CARRIER REGULATIONS Limitation of Smoking on Interstate Passenger Carrier Vehicles...374.201 Prohibition against smoking on interstate...

2011-10-01

38

49 CFR 374.201 - Prohibition against smoking on interstate passenger-carrying motor vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Prohibition against smoking on interstate passenger-carrying...CARRIER REGULATIONS Limitation of Smoking on Interstate Passenger Carrier Vehicles...374.201 Prohibition against smoking on interstate...

2013-10-01

39

49 CFR 374.201 - Prohibition against smoking on interstate passenger-carrying motor vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Prohibition against smoking on interstate passenger-carrying...CARRIER REGULATIONS Limitation of Smoking on Interstate Passenger Carrier Vehicles...374.201 Prohibition against smoking on interstate...

2010-10-01

40

Cross-correlation between time series of vehicles and passengers  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study in this paper a cross-correlation between time series of vehicles and passengers collected in the ferry-boat system (sea route that connects the city of Salvador and Itaparica island, Bahia, Brazil), this study is based on the detrended cross-correlation analysis (DCCA) method. The DCCA method is designed to investigate power-law cross correlations between different simultaneously recorded time series in

G. F. Zebende; A. Machado Filho

2009-01-01

41

Baseline tests of the EPC Hummingbird electric passenger vehicle  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The rear-mounted internal combustion engine in a four-passenger Volkswagen Thing was replaced with an electric motor made by modifying an aircraft generator and powered by 12 heavy-duty, lead-acid battery modules. Vehicle performance tests were conducted to measure vehicle maximum speed, range at constant speed, range over stop-and-go driving schedules, maximum acceleration, gradeability limit, road energy consumption, road power, indicated energy consumption, braking capability, battery charger efficiency, and battery characteristics. Test results are presented in tables and charts.

Slavik, R. J.; Maslowski, E. A.; Sargent, N. B.; Birchenough, A. G.

1977-01-01

42

Selecting and promoting service encounter elements in passenger rail transportation  

Microsoft Academic Search

A critical issue in the effective development and promotion of services is the identification of which service components are most closely related to attitude toward the service provider and repeat purchase behavior. The present study disaggregates a service (passenger rail transportation) into pre-core and core service performances, and uses these elements to create a model of the effects on relevant

Carolyn Tripp; John T. Drea

2002-01-01

43

49 CFR 583.11 - Allied suppliers of passenger motor vehicle equipment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Allied suppliers of passenger motor vehicle equipment...CONTENT LABELING § 583.11 Allied suppliers of passenger motor vehicle equipment...motor vehicle equipment which an allied supplier supplies to the manufacturer with...

2010-10-01

44

49 CFR 583.10 - Outside suppliers of passenger motor vehicle equipment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AUTOMOBILE PARTS CONTENT LABELING § 583.10 Outside suppliers of passenger motor vehicle equipment. (a) For each...

2013-10-01

45

49 CFR 583.10 - Outside suppliers of passenger motor vehicle equipment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AUTOMOBILE PARTS CONTENT LABELING § 583.10 Outside suppliers of passenger motor vehicle equipment. (a) For each...

2012-10-01

46

49 CFR 583.7 - Procedure for determining major foreign sources of passenger motor vehicle equipment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AUTOMOBILE PARTS CONTENT LABELING § 583.7 Procedure for determining major foreign sources of passenger motor vehicle...

2012-10-01

47

76 FR 77716 - Alternate Passenger Rail Service Pilot Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Notice No. 2] RIN 2130-AC19 Alternate Passenger Rail Service Pilot Program AGENCY: Federal Railroad Administration...proceeding to develop a pilot program that permits a rail carrier or rail carriers that own infrastructure over which Amtrak...

2011-12-14

48

76 FR 55335 - Alternate Passenger Rail Service Pilot Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Notice No. 1] RIN 2130-AC19 Alternate Passenger Rail Service Pilot Program AGENCY: Federal Railroad Administration...proceeding to develop a pilot program that permits a rail carrier or rail carriers that own infrastructure over which Amtrak...

2011-09-07

49

78 FR 16036 - Service Level Environmental Impact Statement for the Texas Oklahoma Passenger Rail Study Corridor...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Statement for the Texas Oklahoma Passenger Rail Study Corridor, South Texas to Oklahoma...improved high- speed intercity passenger rail service along an 850-mile corridor...Level EIS, the Texas Oklahoma Passenger Rail Study (Study) also includes...

2013-03-13

50

40 CFR 86.1811-17 - Exhaust emission standards for light-duty vehicles, light-duty trucks and medium-duty passenger...  

...light-duty trucks and medium-duty passenger vehicles...light-duty trucks and medium-duty passenger vehicles...light-duty trucks, and medium-duty passenger vehicles. MDPVs are subject to all the same provisions of this...

2014-07-01

51

49 CFR 583.10 - Outside suppliers of passenger motor vehicle equipment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Outside suppliers of passenger motor vehicle equipment...CONTENT LABELING § 583.10 Outside suppliers of passenger motor vehicle equipment...equipment for which a manufacturer or allied supplier requests information, the outside...

2010-10-01

52

76 FR 28947 - Bus Testing: Calculation of Average Passenger Weight and Test Vehicle Weight, and Public Meeting...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2132-AB01 Bus Testing: Calculation of Average Passenger Weight and Test Vehicle Weight, and Public Meeting and Extension of Comment Period...regarding the calculation of average passenger weights and test vehicle weights. The purpose of this...

2011-05-19

53

Comparative analysis of aluminum-air battery propulsion systems for passenger vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three electric propulsion systems using an aluminum air battery were analyzed and compared to the internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicle. The engine and fuel systems of a representative five passenger highway vehicle were replaced conceptually by each of the three electric propulsion systems. The electrical vehicles were constrained by the computer simulation to be equivalent to the ICE vehicle in

J. D. Salisbury; E. Behrin; M. K. Kong; D. J. Whisler

1980-01-01

54

The contribution of passengers versus mobile phone use to motor vehicle crashes resulting in hospital attendance by the driver.  

PubMed

There is evidence that mobile phone use while driving (including hands-free) is associated with motor vehicle crashes. However, whether the effects of mobile phone use differ from that of passengers in the vehicle remains unclear. The aim of this research was to estimate the risk of crash associated with passenger carriage and compare that with mobile phone use. A case-control study ('passenger study') was performed in Perth, Western Australia in 2003 and 2004. Cases were 274 drivers who attended hospital following a motor vehicle crash and controls were 1096 drivers (1:4 matching) recruited at service stations matched to the location and time and day of week of the crash. The results were compared with those of a case-crossover study ('mobile phone study') undertaken concurrently (n=456); 152 cases were common to both studies. Passenger carriage increased the likelihood of a crash (adjusted odds ratio (adj. OR), 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 1.6, 1.1-2.2). Drivers carrying two or more passengers were twice as likely to crash as unaccompanied drivers (adj. OR 2.2, 95% CI 1.3-3.8). By comparison, driver's use of a mobile phone within 5 min before a crash was associated with a fourfold increased likelihood of crashing (OR 4.1, 95% CI 2.2-7.7). Passenger carriage and increasing numbers of passengers are associated with an increased likelihood of crash, though not to the same extent as mobile phone use. Further research is needed to investigate the factors underlying the increased risks. PMID:17920840

McEvoy, Suzanne P; Stevenson, Mark R; Woodward, Mark

2007-11-01

55

Ballistic Resistance of Armored Passenger Vehicles: Test Protocols and Quality Methods  

SciTech Connect

This guide establishes a test methodology for determining the overall ballistic resistance of the passenger compartment of assembled nontactical armored passenger vehicles (APVs). Because ballistic testing of every piece of every component of an armored vehicle is impractical, if not impossible, this guide describes a testing scheme based on statistical sampling of exposed component surface areas. Results from the test of the sampled points are combined to form a test score that reflects the probability of ballistic penetration into the passenger compartment of the vehicle.

Jeffrey M. Lacy; Robert E. Polk

2005-07-01

56

A unified approach to semi-autonomous control of passenger vehicles in hazard avoidance scenarios  

E-print Network

This paper describes the design of unified active safety framework that combines trajectory planning, threat assessment, and semi-autonomous control of passenger vehicles into a single constrained-optimal-control-based ...

Iagnemma, Karl

57

40 CFR 86.1811-04 - Emission standards for light-duty vehicles, light-duty trucks and medium-duty passenger vehicles.  

...vehicles, light-duty trucks and medium-duty passenger vehicles...vehicles, light-duty trucks and medium-duty passenger vehicles...credits for use in complying with the Tier 2 fleet average NOX standard which takes effect in the 2004 model year for...

2014-07-01

58

Cars on a diet : the material and energy impacts of passenger vehicle weight reduction in the U.S.  

E-print Network

Vehicle weight reduction is a known strategy to address growing concerns about greenhouse gas emissions and fuel use by passenger vehicles. We find that every 10% reduction in vehicle weight can cut fuel consumption by ...

Cheah, Lynette W. (Lynette Wan Ting)

2010-01-01

59

Influence of bio-fuels on passenger car vehicle emissions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to reduce the emissions of air pollutants, vehicles design and fuel formulation have changed. Ultra clean vehicle technologies started to be used in increased number. As a result, the emissions composition is expected to change as well. The use of new technologies and new fuels require new emissions tests especially for non-regulated compounds. The interest in using bio fuels as alternative fuels for petroleum-based ones has increased constantly in the last years. The advantages of the bio fuels usage is given by their similar proprieties, characteristics of renew ability, biodegradability and potential beneficial effects on the exhaust emission. The study involved measurements on a roller test facility of a reference passenger car representing new technologies (emission standards, injection system). The vehicle operated by use of reference gasoline and reference gasoline blended (10 and 20%) with bio-ethanol (EtOH). The measurements used different driving cycles: ARTEMIS cycle, real world driving cycle, NEDC cycle, the standard European driving cycle and additionally, a driving cycle consisting in Idle, 30, 50, 90 km/h. The sampling positions were before and after the catalyst and in the exhaust pipe. The detailed speciation of NMVOC' (non methane volatile organic compounds) was completed by use of active carbon tubes, DNPH (2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine) tubes and cold traps. The particles were monitored by use of an on-line EEPS (Engine Exhaust Particle Sizer). CO2, NO, NO2 and NOX (NO +NO2) were continuously monitored by use of an on- line FTIR (Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy)- MEXA system. The investigations reveal that among the carbonylic compounds 15 oxygenated species were found in engine out exhaust and only 3 in tailpipe emissions, namely formaldehyde, acetaldehyde and acroleine. These are of great interest due to their impacts on human health. The hydrocarbons emissions decrease by increased of EtOH content. New compounds were observed. The nitro-compounds found in the after engine position by increased EtOH were no more found in the exhaust gas. The results show that total particle concentration, mass and diameter decreased substantially after catalyst and filter by increased ethanol blend.

Petrea, M.; Kapernaum, M.; Wahl, C.

2009-04-01

60

A Stochastic Model for Simulating the Availability of Electric Vehicles for Services to the Power Grid  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since private passenger cars drive on average less than 2 hours per day, each electric vehicle could potentially provide capacities for grid services during more than 22 hours per day. The presented stochastic model, which bases on more than 167,000 data points from a mobility survey, simulates the driving behavior of private passenger cars. The article estimates the availability of

Jonas Fluhr; Klaus-Henning Ahlert; Christof Weinhardt

2010-01-01

61

Incorporating passenger perceived service quality in airport ground access mode choice model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents the incorporation of air passenger perceived service quality in the calibration of airport ground access mode choice model. Structural Equation Modelling is used to construct a ‘satisfaction’ latent variable to relate air passenger perception on the airport ground access modes with the characteristics of the trip and of the passengers themselves. The ‘satisfaction’ latent variable is incorporated

Mei Ling Tam; William H. K. Lam; Hing Po Lo

2010-01-01

62

78 FR 57822 - Lease and Interchange of Vehicles; Motor Carriers of Passengers  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...operation of commercial vehicles, specifically `policies...operational safety of motor vehicles, including driver's hours of service and vehicle inspection and repair and...examined Capricorn's vehicles and drivers, showing...

2013-09-20

63

49 CFR 39.51 - What is the general requirement for PVOs' provision of auxiliary aids and services to passengers?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...requirement for PVOs' provision of auxiliary aids and services to passengers? 39.51...requirement for PVOs' provision of auxiliary aids and services to passengers? (a...you must furnish appropriate auxiliary aids and services where necessary to...

2012-10-01

64

49 CFR 39.51 - What is the general requirement for PVOs' provision of auxiliary aids and services to passengers?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...requirement for PVOs' provision of auxiliary aids and services to passengers? 39.51...requirement for PVOs' provision of auxiliary aids and services to passengers? (a...you must furnish appropriate auxiliary aids and services where necessary to...

2011-10-01

65

49 CFR 39.51 - What is the general requirement for PVOs' provision of auxiliary aids and services to passengers?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...requirement for PVOs' provision of auxiliary aids and services to passengers? 39.51...requirement for PVOs' provision of auxiliary aids and services to passengers? (a...you must furnish appropriate auxiliary aids and services where necessary to...

2010-10-01

66

49 CFR 39.51 - What is the general requirement for PVOs' provision of auxiliary aids and services to passengers?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...requirement for PVOs' provision of auxiliary aids and services to passengers? 39.51...requirement for PVOs' provision of auxiliary aids and services to passengers? (a...you must furnish appropriate auxiliary aids and services where necessary to...

2013-10-01

67

Comparative analysis of aluminum-air battery propulsion systems for passenger vehicles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Three electric propulsion systems using an aluminum air battery were analyzed and compared to the internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicle. The engine and fuel systems of a representative five passenger highway vehicle were replaced conceptually by each of the three electric propulsion systems. The electrical vehicles were constrained by the computer simulation to be equivalent to the ICE vehicle in range and acceleration performance. The vehicle masses and aluminum consumption rates were then calculated for the electric vehicles and these data were used as figures of merit. The Al-air vehicles analyzed were (1) an Al-air battery only electric vehicle; (2) an Al-air battery combined with a nickel zinc secondary battery for power leveling and regenerative braking; and (3) an Al-air battery combined with a flywheel for power leveling and regenerative braking. All three electric systems compared favorably with the ICE vehicle.

Salisbury, J. D.; Behrin, E.; Kong, M. K.; Whisler, D. J.

1980-02-01

68

Safety Versus Passenger Service: The Flight Attendants' Dilemma  

PubMed Central

After 9/11, new security duties were instituted at many U.S. air carriers and existing safety and security duties received increased emphasis. Concurrently, in-flight services were changed and in many cases, cabin crews were reduced. This article examines the post-9/11 conflict between passenger service and the timely performance of safety and security duties at 1 major U.S. air carrier. In-flight data were obtained on both international and domestic flights. The data suggest that the prompt performance of the safety and security duties is adversely affected by the number of service duties occurring in the later part of both international and domestic flights. PMID:23667300

Damos, Diane L.; Boyett, Kimberly S.; Gibbs, Patt

2013-01-01

69

Baseline tests of the C. H. Waterman DAF electric passenger vehicle  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An electric vehicle was tested as part of an Energy Research Development Administration (ERDA) project to characterize the state-of-the-art of electric vehicles. The Waterman vehicle performance test results are presented in this report. The vehicle is a converted four-passenger DAF 46 sedan. It is powered by sixteen 6-volt traction batteries through a three-step contactor controller actuated by a foot throttle to change the voltage applied to the 6.7 kW motor. The braking system is a conventional hydraulic braking system.

Sargent, N. B.; Maslowski, E. A.; Soltis, R. F.; Schuh, R. M.

1977-01-01

70

Analysis of alternate-fueled passenger vehicles: a sample technology assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ten passenger vehicles powered by the following were characterized on a common engineering and economic basis: gasoline internal combustion, diesel internal combustion, liquid-hydrogen internal combustion, liquid-hydrogen fuel cell, hydrogen internal combustion, hydrogen fuel cell, methanol internal combustion, methanol fuel cell, Ni\\/Zn battery, and Pb\\/Acid battery. Levelized life cycle costs were computed for each vehicle. The market penetration of the nongasoline

A. T. Jr. Peaslee; G. R. Thayer

1981-01-01

71

75 FR 39326 - Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Implementation of Rail Passenger Service on the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Statement for the Proposed Implementation of Rail Passenger Service on the Cotton Belt Corridor...EIS) to study the implementation of rail passenger service on the 26-mile long...County, to the existing DART Red Line Light Rail Transit (LRT) corridor in the...

2010-07-08

72

14 CFR 125.333 - Stowage of food, beverage, and passenger service equipment during airplane movement on the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and passenger service equipment during airplane movement on the surface, takeoff, and...OPERATIONS CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS: AIRPLANES HAVING A SEATING CAPACITY OF 20 OR...and passenger service equipment during airplane movement on the surface, takeoff,...

2013-01-01

73

14 CFR 125.333 - Stowage of food, beverage, and passenger service equipment during airplane movement on the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...and passenger service equipment during airplane movement on the surface, takeoff, and...OPERATIONS CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS: AIRPLANES HAVING A SEATING CAPACITY OF 20 OR...and passenger service equipment during airplane movement on the surface, takeoff,...

2012-01-01

74

14 CFR 121.577 - Stowage of food, beverage, and passenger service equipment during airplane movement on the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...and passenger service equipment during airplane movement on the surface, takeoff, and...and passenger service equipment during airplane movement on the surface, takeoff, and...a) No certificate holder may move an airplane on the surface, take off, or...

2013-01-01

75

14 CFR 125.333 - Stowage of food, beverage, and passenger service equipment during airplane movement on the...  

...and passenger service equipment during airplane movement on the surface, takeoff, and...OPERATIONS CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS: AIRPLANES HAVING A SEATING CAPACITY OF 20 OR...and passenger service equipment during airplane movement on the surface, takeoff,...

2014-01-01

76

14 CFR 125.333 - Stowage of food, beverage, and passenger service equipment during airplane movement on the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...and passenger service equipment during airplane movement on the surface, takeoff, and...OPERATIONS CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS: AIRPLANES HAVING A SEATING CAPACITY OF 20 OR...and passenger service equipment during airplane movement on the surface, takeoff,...

2011-01-01

77

14 CFR 121.577 - Stowage of food, beverage, and passenger service equipment during airplane movement on the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...and passenger service equipment during airplane movement on the surface, takeoff, and...and passenger service equipment during airplane movement on the surface, takeoff, and...a) No certificate holder may move an airplane on the surface, take off, or...

2012-01-01

78

14 CFR 125.333 - Stowage of food, beverage, and passenger service equipment during airplane movement on the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and passenger service equipment during airplane movement on the surface, takeoff, and...OPERATIONS CERTIFICATION AND OPERATIONS: AIRPLANES HAVING A SEATING CAPACITY OF 20 OR...and passenger service equipment during airplane movement on the surface, takeoff,...

2010-01-01

79

14 CFR 121.577 - Stowage of food, beverage, and passenger service equipment during airplane movement on the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and passenger service equipment during airplane movement on the surface, takeoff, and...and passenger service equipment during airplane movement on the surface, takeoff, and...a) No certificate holder may move an airplane on the surface, take off, or...

2010-01-01

80

14 CFR 135.122 - Stowage of food, beverage, and passenger service equipment during aircraft movement on the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Stowage of food, beverage, and passenger service equipment during aircraft...135.122 Stowage of food, beverage, and passenger service equipment during aircraft...off, or land when any food, beverage, or tableware...

2010-01-01

81

The Research of China's Civil Aviation Passenger Multi-Channel Service Technology Platform  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

IATA is promoting Simplifying the Business. The traditional passenger services and business process, such as ticketing, airport counters, had a great influence. The airlines have the passenger service and convenience as the next product development requirements. With civil aviation industry and their company's products construction, the authors propose a solution of passenger multi-channel service product platform. The solution is to streamline the business as the breakthrough point, around the convenience of passengers travel services to travelers as the center, using the current mainstream and the latest IT technology to establish passenger service product platform. The solution will promote DCS e-ticketing business development and service channel diversity. In this paper, the research results have been applied in the product platform construction of the authors’ company. The practice shows that through traditional business with the latest IT technologies, traditional passenger services into the emerging service model, passenger service product platform has strong advantages and characteristics. Based on the platform, various types of service products is growing rapidly.

Zhibing, Xue; Xinming, Wang

82

Near term hybrid passenger vehicle development program, phase 1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Missions for hybrid vehicles that promise to yield high petroleum impact were identified and a preliminary design, was developed that satisfies the mission requirements and performance specifications. Technologies that are critical to successful vehicle design, development and fabrication were determined. Trade-off studies to maximize fuel savings were used to develop initial design specifications of the near term hybrid vehicle. Various designs were "driven" through detailed computer simulations which calculate the petroleum consumption in standard driving cycles, the petroleum and electricity consumptions over the specified missions, and the vehicle's life cycle costs over a 10 year vehicle lifetime. Particular attention was given to the selection of the electric motor, heat engine, drivetrain, battery pack and control system. The preliminary design reflects a modified current compact car powered by a currently available turbocharged diesel engine and a 24 kW (peak) compound dc electric motor.

1980-01-01

83

Intermodal passenger flows on London's public transport network : automated inference of full passenger journeys using fare-transaction and vehicle-location data  

E-print Network

Urban public transport providers have historically planned and managed their networks and services with limited knowledge of their customers' travel patterns. While ticket gates and bus fareboxes yield counts of passenger ...

Gordon, Jason B. (Jason Benjamin)

2012-01-01

84

Baseline tests of the Kordesh hybrid passenger vehicle  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Performance test results are presented for a four-passenger Austin A40 sedan that was converted to a heat-engine-alternator-and battery-powered hybrid. It is propelled by a conventional, gasoline-fueled, heat-engine-driven alternator and a traction pack powering a series-wound, 10 hp direct-current electric drive motor. The 16 hp gasoline engine drives the 7 kilowatt alternator, which provides electrical power to the drive motor or to the 96 volt traction battery through a rectifier. The propulsion battery consists of eight 12 volt batteries connected in series. The electric motor is coupled to a four-speed standard transmission, which drives the rear wheels. Power to the motor is controlled by a three-step foot throttle, which actuates relays that control armature current and field excitation. Conventional hydraulic brakes are used.

Soltis, R. F.; Bozek, J. M.; Denington, R. J.; Dustin, M. O.

1978-01-01

85

Phase 1 of the near term hybrid passenger vehicle development program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In order to meet project requirements and be competitive in the 1985 market, the proposed six-passenger vehicle incorporates a high power type Ni-Zn battery, which by making electric-only traction possible, permits the achievement of an optimized control strategy based on electric-only traction to a set battery depth of discharge, followed by hybrid operation with thermal primary energy. This results in a highly efficient hybrid propulsion subsystem. Technical solutions are available to contain energy waste by reducing vehicle weight, rolling resistance, and drag coefficient. Reproaching new 1985 full size vehicles of the conventional type with hybrids of the proposed type would result in a U.S. average gasoline saving per vehicle of 1,261 liters/year and an average energy saving per vehicle of 27,133 MJ/year.

Montalenti, P.; Piccolo, R.

1979-01-01

86

An analysis of aluminum-air battery propulsion systems for passenger vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

The performance characteristics of three electric-propulsion systems based on the Al-air battery were analyzed and compared to the internal combustion engine (ICE). In this comparison, the engine and fuel systems of a current five-passenger vehicle were conceptually replaced by three Al-air systems: (1) an Al-air battery-only system, (2) an Al-air battery combined with a nickel-zinc secondary battery for power leveling,

J. D. Salisbury; E. Behrin

1980-01-01

87

41 CFR 301-10.110 - May I use contract passenger transportation service for personal travel?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...TRAVEL ALLOWANCES ALLOWABLE TRAVEL EXPENSES 10-TRANSPORTATION EXPENSES Common Carrier Transportation Use of Contract City-Pair Fares § 301-10.110 May I use contract passenger transportation service for personal travel?...

2011-07-01

88

41 CFR 301-10.110 - May I use contract passenger transportation service for personal travel?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...TRAVEL ALLOWANCES ALLOWABLE TRAVEL EXPENSES 10-TRANSPORTATION EXPENSES Common Carrier Transportation Use of Contract City-Pair Fares § 301-10.110 May I use contract passenger transportation service for personal travel?...

2012-07-01

89

41 CFR 301-10.110 - May I use contract passenger transportation service for personal travel?  

...TRAVEL ALLOWANCES ALLOWABLE TRAVEL EXPENSES 10-TRANSPORTATION EXPENSES Common Carrier Transportation Use of Contract City-Pair Fares § 301-10.110 May I use contract passenger transportation service for personal travel?...

2014-07-01

90

41 CFR 301-10.110 - May I use contract passenger transportation service for personal travel?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...TRAVEL ALLOWANCES ALLOWABLE TRAVEL EXPENSES 10-TRANSPORTATION EXPENSES Common Carrier Transportation Use of Contract City-Pair Fares § 301-10.110 May I use contract passenger transportation service for personal travel?...

2013-07-01

91

41 CFR 301-10.110 - May I use contract passenger transportation service for personal travel?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...TRAVEL ALLOWANCES ALLOWABLE TRAVEL EXPENSES 10-TRANSPORTATION EXPENSES Common Carrier Transportation Use of Contract City-Pair Fares § 301-10.110 May I use contract passenger transportation service for personal travel?...

2010-07-01

92

Potential applications of wrought magnesium alloys for passenger vehicles  

SciTech Connect

Vehicle weight reduction is one of the major means available for improving automotive fuel efficiency. Although high-strength steels, aluminum (Al), and polymers are already being used to achieve significant weight reductions, substantial additional weight reductions could be achieved by increased use of magnesium (Mg) and its alloys, which have very low density. Magnesium alloys are currently used in relatively small quantities for auto parts; use is generally limited to die castings, such as housings. The Center for Transportation Research at Argonne National Laboratory has performed a study for the Lightweight Materials Program within DOE`s Office of Transportation Materials to evaluate the suitability of wrought Mg and its alloys to replace steel or aluminum for automotive structural and sheet applications. This study identifies technical and economic barriers to this replacement and suggests R&D areas to enable economical large-volume use. Detailed results of the study will be published at a later date. Magnesium sheet could be used in body nonstructural and semi-structural applications, while extrusions could be used in such structural applications as spaceframes. Currently, Mg sheet has found limited use in the aerospace industry, where costs are not a major concern. The major barrier to greatly increased automotive use is high cost; two technical R&D areas are identified that could enable major reductions in costs. These are novel reduction technology and better hot-forming technology, possibly operating at lower temperatures and involving superplastic behavior.

Gaines, L.; Cuenca, R.; Stodolsky, F.; Wu, S.

1995-12-31

93

Fatal Passenger Vehicle Crashes with At Least 1 Driver Younger than 15 Years: A Fatality Analysis Reporting System Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: A small number of fatalities continue to occur due to motor vehicle crashes on highways in which at least 1 passenger vehicle (automobile, van, or small truck) is driven by a child younger than 15 years. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to extend previous work suggesting that such crashes occur frequently in the Southern states and…

Frisch, Larry; Plessinger, Alexander

2007-01-01

94

Differences in male and female injury severities in sport-utility vehicle, minivan, pickup and passenger car accidents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research explores differences in injury severity between male and female drivers in single and two-vehicle accidents involving passenger cars, pickups, sport-utility vehicles (SUVs), and minivans. Separate multivariate multinomial logit models of injury severity are estimated for male and female drivers. The models predict the probability of four injury severity outcomes: no injury (property damage only), possible injury, evident injury,

Gudmundur F. Ulfarsson; Fred L. Mannering

2004-01-01

95

Development of a HydroMechanical Hydraulic Hybrid Drive Train with Independent Wheel Torque Control for an Urban Passenger Vehicle  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a hydraulic hybrid vehicle drive train to improve the fuel efficiency of a passenger car. The developed hydro-mechanical drive train enables independent control of the torque at each wheel. The motivation for developing this drive train is a hydraulic hybrid vehicle test bed for the Center for Compact and Efficient Fluid Power at the University of Minnesota.

James D. Van de Ven; Michael W. Olson; Perry Y. Li

96

Evaluation of half wave induction motor drive for use in passenger vehicles  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Research performed at the University of Missouri-Columbia to devise and design a lower cost inverter induction motor drive for electrical propulsion of passenger vehicles is described. A two phase inverter motor system is recommended. The new design is predicted to provide comparable vehicle performance, improved reliability and a cost advantage for a high production vehicle, decreased total rating of the power semiconductor switches, and a somewhat simpler control hardware compared to the conventional three phase bridge inverter motor drive system. The major disadvantages of the two phase inverter motor drive are that it is larger and more expensive than a three phase machine, the design of snubbers for the power leakage inductances produce higher transient voltages, and the torque pulsations are relatively large because of the necessity to limit the inverter switching frequency to achieve high efficiency.

Hoft, R. G.; Kawamura, A.; Goodarzi, A.; Yang, G. Q.; Erickson, C. L.

1985-01-01

97

Passenger car collision fatalities--with special emphasis on collisions with heavy vehicles.  

PubMed

Between 1995 and 2004, 293 passenger car occupants died in collisions with other vehicles in northern Sweden (annual incidence: 3.3 per 100,000 inhabitants, 6.9 per 100,000 cars, or 4.8 per 10(9)km driven); half of these deaths involved heavy vehicles. The annual number of passenger car occupant deaths per 100,000 cars in car-truck/bus collisions has remained unchanged since the 1980s, but in car-car collisions it has decreased to one third of its former level. As crash objects, trucks and buses killed five times as many car occupants per truck/bus kilometer driven as did cars. The collisions were characterized by crashes in the oncoming vehicle's lane, under icy, snowy, or wet conditions; crashes into heavy vehicles generally occurred in daylight, on workdays, in winter, and on 90 and 70 km/h two-lane roads. Head and chest injuries accounted for most of the fatal injuries. Multiple fatal injuries and critical and deadly head injuries characterized the deaths in collisions with heavy vehicles. An indication of suicide was present in 4% of the deaths; for those who crashed into trucks, this percentage was doubled. Among the driver victims, 4% had blood alcohol levels above the legal limit of 0.2g/L. Frontal collision risks might be reduced by a mid-barrier, by building less injurious fronts on trucks and buses, by efficient skid prevention, and by use of flexible speed limits varying with road and light conditions. PMID:18215544

Björnstig, Ulf; Björnstig, Johanna; Eriksson, Anders

2008-01-01

98

14 CFR 382.117 - Must carriers permit passengers with a disability to travel with service animals?  

...permit passengers with a disability to travel with service animals? 382.117 Section...NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY IN AIR TRAVEL Services on Aircraft § 382.117...permit passengers with a disability to travel with service animals? (a) As...

2014-01-01

99

Near term hybrid passenger vehicle development program. Phase I. Appendices A and B. Final report  

SciTech Connect

In this report vehicle use patterns or missions are defined and studied. The three most promising missions were found to be: all-purpose city driving which has the maximum potential market penetration; commuting which requires mainly a two-passenger car; and family and civic business driving which have minimal range requirements. The mission selection process was based principally on an analysis of the travel patterns found in the Nationwide Transportation Survey and on the Los Angeles and Washington, DC origin-destination studies data presented by General Research Corporation in Volume II of this report. Travel patterns in turn were converted to fuel requirements for 1985 conventional and hybrid cars. By this means the potential fuel savings for each mission were estimated, and preliminary design requirements for hybrid vehicles were derived.

Not Available

1980-01-01

100

The forensic pathologist and the determination of driver versus passenger in motor vehicle collisions. The need to examine injury mechanisms, occupant kinematics, vehicle dynamics, and trace evidence.  

PubMed

Five cases of vehicular homicide are presented in which the determination of an occupant's role in a motor vehicle collision was an important medicolegal question. The identification of the occupant's role in a motor vehicle collision can be determined by the forensic pathologist. The investigation that coordinates an examination of injury mechanisms, occupant kinematics, vehicle dynamics, and trace evidence will facilitate such a determination. This determination protects the innocent passenger, when faced with criminal or civil charges, from being falsely prosecuted as the driver. The examination of the above-mentioned components in a multi-occupant collision takes on particular forensic importance when a surviving driver claims to be a passenger: the victim rather than the assailant. PMID:2741865

Smock, W S; Nichols, G R; Fuller, P M; Weakley-Jones, B

1989-06-01

101

Secondary organic aerosol formation from gasoline passenger vehicle emissions investigated in a smog chamber  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Gasoline vehicles have elevated emissions of volatile organic compounds during cold starts and idling and have recently been pointed out as potentially the main source of anthropogenic secondary organic aerosol (SOA) in megacities. However, there is a lack of laboratory studies to systematically investigate SOA formation in real-world exhaust. In this study, SOA formation from pure aromatic precursors, idling and cold start gasoline exhaust from one Euro II, one Euro III and one Euro IV passenger vehicles were investigated using photo-oxidation experiments in a 6 m3 smog chamber. The experiments were carried out at atmospherically relevant organic aerosol mass concentrations. The characterization methods included a high resolution aerosol mass spectrometer and a proton transfer mass spectrometer. It was found that gasoline exhaust readily forms SOA with a signature aerosol mass spectrum similar to the oxidized organic aerosol that commonly dominates the organic aerosol mass spectra downwind urban areas. After 4 h aging the formed SOA was 1-2 orders of magnitude higher than the Primary OA emissions. The SOA mass spectrum from a relevant mixture of traditional light aromatic precursors gave f43 (mass fraction at m/z = 4 3) approximately two times higher than to the gasoline SOA. However O : C and H : C ratios were similar for the two cases. Classical C6-C9 light aromatic precursors were responsible for up to 60% of the formed SOA, which is significantly higher than for diesel exhaust. Important candidates for additional precursors are higher order aromatic compounds such as C10, C11 light aromatics, naphthalene and methyl-naphthalenes.

Nordin, E. Z.; Eriksson, A. C.; Roldin, P.; Nilsson, P. T.; Carlsson, J. E.; Kajos, M. K.; Hellén, H.; Wittbom, C.; Rissler, J.; Löndahl, J.; Swietlicki, E.; Svenningsson, B.; Bohgard, M.; Kulmala, M.; Hallquist, M.; Pagels, J.

2012-12-01

102

Assessing Rates of Global Warming Emissions from Port- Fuel Injection and Gasoline Direct Injection Engines in Light-Duty Passenger Vehicles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Passenger vehicles are known emitters of climate warming pollutants. CO2 from automobile emissions are an anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) and a large contributor to global warming. Worldwide, CO2 emissions from passenger vehicles are responsible for 11% of the total CO2 emissions inventory. Black Carbon (BC), another common vehicular emission, may be the second largest contributor to global warming (after CO2). Currently, 52% of BC emissions in the U.S are from the transportation sector, with ~10% originating from passenger vehicles. The share of pollutants from passenger gasoline vehicles is becoming larger due to the reduction of BC from diesel vehicles. Currently, the majority of gasoline passenger vehicles in the United States have port- fuel injection (PFI) engines. Gasoline direct injection (GDI) engines have increased fuel economy compared to the PFI engine. GDI vehicles are predicted to dominate the U.S. passenger vehicle market in the coming years. The method of gasoline injection into the combustion chamber is the primary difference between these two technologies, which can significantly impact primary emissions from light-duty vehicles (LDV). Our study will measure LDV climate warming emissions and assess the impact on climate due to the change in U.S vehicle technologies. Vehicles were tested on a light- duty chassis dynamometer for emissions of CO2, methane (CH4), and BC. These emissions were measured on F3ederal and California transient test cycles and at steady-state speeds. Vehicles used a gasoline blend of 10% by volume ethanol (E10). E10 fuel is now found in 95% of gasoline stations in the U.S. Data is presented from one GDI and one PFI vehicle. The 2012 Kia Optima utilizes GDI technology and has a large market share of the total GDI vehicles produced in the U.S. In addition, The 2012 Toyota Camry, equipped with a PFI engine, was the most popular vehicle model sold in the U.S. in 2012. Methane emissions were ~50% lower for the GDI technology. While BC emissions were 96% higher for the GDI technology. The GDI technology had a smaller effect on CO2 emissions with a 4% rise compared to the other emissions. Additional results will discuss the emission rates converted to reflect total yearly passenger vehicular emissions in the U.S. Overall, the results show increases of global warming emissions from GDI passenger vehicle technology.

Short, D.; , D., Vi; Durbin, T.; Karavalakis, G.; Asa-Awuku, A. A.

2013-12-01

103

Traction studies of northeast corridor rail passenger service: Executive summary  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The enabling legislation of 1976 for improvement of service in the Northeast corridor (NEC) requires a schedule of 2 h 40 min between Washington and New York City by 1981 and 3 h 40 min between NYC and Boston, when the electrification is completed. Various options of the NEC operation that may satisfy the legislation were investigated, particularly in terms of travel time and energy consumption. NEC operations were compared with overseas systems and practices. The emerging new technology of AC traction was also evaluated.

Macie, T. W.; Stallkamp, J. A.

1980-01-01

104

Hand-movement-based in-vehicle driver/front-seat passenger discrimination for centre console controls  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Successful user discrimination in a vehicle environment may yield a reduction of the number of switches, thus significantly reducing costs while increasing user convenience. The personalization of individual controls permits conditional passenger enable/driver disable and vice versa options which may yield safety improvement. The authors propose a prototypic optical sensing system based on hand movement segmentation in near-infrared image sequences implemented in an Audi A6 Avant. Analyzing the number of movements in special regions, the system recognizes the direction of the forearm and hand motion and decides whether driver or front-seat passenger touch a control. The experimental evaluation is performed independently for uniformly and non-uniformly illuminated video data as well as for the complete video data set which includes both subsets. The general test results in error rates of up to 14.41% FPR / 16.82% FNR and 17.61% FPR / 14.77% FNR for driver and passenger respectively. Finally, the authors discuss the causes of the most frequently occurring errors as well as the prospects and limitations of optical sensing for user discrimination in passenger compartments.

Herrmann, Enrico; Makrushin, Andrey; Dittmann, Jana; Vielhauer, Claus; Langnickel, Mirko; Kraetzer, Christian

2010-01-01

105

77 FR 74452 - Bus Testing: Calculation of Average Passenger Weight and Test Vehicle Weight  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...square foot of clear floor space. Given the upward trend in passenger weight estimations then underway by the Federal...Administration and the United States Coast Guard, FTA published...and to change the floor space occupied per standing...

2012-12-14

106

49 CFR 523.4 - Passenger automobile.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Passenger automobile. 523.4 Section 523.4 Transportation...VEHICLE CLASSIFICATION § 523.4 Passenger automobile. A passenger automobile is any automobile (other than an...

2011-10-01

107

49 CFR 523.4 - Passenger automobile.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Passenger automobile. 523.4 Section 523.4 Transportation...VEHICLE CLASSIFICATION § 523.4 Passenger automobile. A passenger automobile is any automobile (other than an...

2013-10-01

108

49 CFR 523.4 - Passenger automobile.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Passenger automobile. 523.4 Section 523.4 Transportation...VEHICLE CLASSIFICATION § 523.4 Passenger automobile. A passenger automobile is any automobile (other than an...

2012-10-01

109

49 CFR 523.4 - Passenger automobile.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Passenger automobile. 523.4 Section 523.4 Transportation...VEHICLE CLASSIFICATION § 523.4 Passenger automobile. A passenger automobile is any automobile (other than an...

2010-10-01

110

Fuel and vehicle technology choices for passenger vehicles in achieving stringent CO2 targets: connections between transportation and other energy sectors.  

PubMed

The regionalized Global Energy Transition (GET-R 6.0) model has been modified to include a detailed description of light-duty vehicle options and used to investigate the potential impact of carbon capture and storage (CCS) and concentrating solar power (CSP) on cost-effective fuel/vehicle technologies in a carbon-constrained world. Total CO2 emissions were constrained to achieve stabilization at 400-550 ppm, by 2100, at lowesttotal system cost The dominantfuel/vehicle technologies varied significantly depending on CO2 constraint future cost of vehicle technologies, and availability of CCS and CSP. For many cases, no one technology dominated on a global scale. CCS provides relatively inexpensive low-CO2 electricity and heatwhich prolongs the use of traditional ICEVs. CSP displaces fossil fuel derived electricity, prolongs the use of traditional ICEVs, and promotes electrification of passenger vehicles. In all cases considered, CCS and CSP availability had a major impact on the lowest cost fuel/vehicle technologies, and alternative fuels are needed in response to expected dwindling oil and natural gas supply potential by the end of the century. PMID:19534159

Grahn, M; Azar, C; Williander, M I; Anderson, J E; Mueller, S A; Wallington, T J

2009-05-01

111

Full service vehicle manufacturing: Rise and fall  

Microsoft Academic Search

The literature and theory of supplier involvement in the design and manufacture of products in the automotive sector has not kept pace with developments in the industry. We explore the previously undocumented emergence of full service vehicle manufacturers (FSV) which produce finished products for the large manufacturers. The emergence of FSVs is explained using transaction cost ideas as they do

Alan Pilkington; Luciano Ciravegna

2011-01-01

112

Visibility of children behind 2010-2013 model year passenger vehicles using glances, mirrors, and backup cameras and parking sensors.  

PubMed

This study identified the areas behind vehicles where younger and older children are not visible and measured the extent to which vehicle technologies improve visibility. Rear visibility of targets simulating the heights of a 12-15-month-old, a 30-36-month-old, and a 60-72-month-old child was assessed in 21 2010-2013 model year passenger vehicles with a backup camera or a backup camera plus parking sensor system. The average blind zone for a 12-15-month-old was twice as large as it was for a 60-72-month-old. Large SUVs had the worst rear visibility and small cars had the best. Increases in rear visibility provided by backup cameras were larger than the non-visible areas detected by parking sensors, but parking sensors detected objects in areas near the rear of the vehicle that were not visible in the camera or other fields of view. Overall, backup cameras and backup cameras plus parking sensors reduced the blind zone by around 90 percent on average and have the potential to prevent backover crashes if drivers use the technology appropriately. PMID:24556585

Kidd, David G; Brethwaite, Andrew

2014-05-01

113

VEHICLE FUEL Informing Consumers,  

E-print Network

TIRES AND PASSENGER VEHICLE FUEL ECONOMY Informing Consumers, Improving Performance TRANSPORTATION and Passenger Vehicle Fuel Economy Informing Consumers, Improving Performance NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL and passenger vehicle fuel economy : informing consumers, improving performance / Committee for the National

114

Lightweight materials in the light-duty passenger vehicle market: Their market penetration potential and impacts  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper summarizes the results of a lightweight materials study. Various lightweight materials are examined and the most cost effective are selected for further analysis. Aluminum and high-performance polymer matrix composites (PMCS) are found to have the highest potential for reducing the weight of automobiles and passenger-oriented light trucks. Weight reduction potential for aluminum and carbon fiber-based PMCs are computed

F. Stodolsky; A. Vyas; R. Cuenca

1995-01-01

115

Diving services and remotely operated vehicles  

SciTech Connect

This article discusses underwater construction activity, inspection and repair, deepwater technology, and current trends. Reports indicate that exploratory drilling off the coasts of over 60 countries around the world has created a demand for the Atmospheric Diving Systems (ADS) and the wide acceptance of Remotely Operated Vehicles (ROV's) predicts that diving services will likely grow only moderately through 1984, with major areas of activity in the North Sea, West Africa and Southeast Asia.

Wardwell, E.

1982-10-01

116

A Proposed Intelligent Vehicle Telematics Service System (IVTS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Location-based vehicle navigation services, monitoring services and traffic information services are three categories of transportation-related applications, and tend to converge at a new domain now, i.e., vehicle telematics. This paper addresses a uniform system, so-called intelligent vehicle telematics service system (IVTS). Firstly, the four-part structure is put forward, including traffic information collection sub-system, service centers (inc. traffic information center, map

Qing-quan Li; Nian-bo Zheng; Zhi-xiang Fang; Jing-hai Xu; Wen-wu Gao; Ying Song

2006-01-01

117

Aldehydes in passenger vehicles: An analysis of data from the RIOPA Study 1999-2001  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In-vehicle air quality (IVAQ) can be a major health concern due to factors such as urban sprawl and increased commuting time spent by individuals in vehicles. Few studies, particularly in the U.S., have considered in-vehicle toxic air contaminants, and none to date collected/analyzed field data in multiple communities across multiple climate zones. This study presents analyses of field data collected during the RIOPA Study from participating non-smoking adults for communities in Los Angeles County, CA, Elizabeth, NJ and Houston, TX. A significant difference (p < 0.001) in in-vehicle formaldehyde concentrations was observed, with the median concentration of in-vehicle formaldehyde in the CA communities about twice as high as in the NJ and TX communities. The highest median concentration of in-vehicle acetaldehyde was observed among the TX participants, over 40% higher than the overall study median. Given small sample sizes, the community (state) differences may be driven independently by differences in individual vehicle conditions and driving habits. Positive correlations were found between average community outdoor relative humidity in CA and NJ and in-vehicle formaldehyde and acetaldehyde concentrations. The amount of time car windows were reported as closed was inversely correlated with in-vehicle formaldehyde across study locations, and for in-vehicle acetaldehyde in CA and TX. Average wind speed and varying sky conditions also had suggested associations to in-vehicle formaldehyde and acetaldehyde. In CA and TX, 88% (7/8) of participants with a diagnosis of bronchitis reported at study baseline had in-vehicle formaldehyde concentrations greater than the overall study median. Every participant with diagnoses of both asthma and bronchitis (n = 3) reported at study baseline had in-vehicle formaldehyde and acetaldehyde concentrations above the overall study median; one participant in TX with two seasonal in-vehicle samplings had in-vehicle concentrations > 75th percentile. IVAQ during commuting may vary based on human behavior and meteorological factors. Additional studies are needed to further characterize ways to help reduce in-vehicle aldehyde exposures, especially for people with existing chronic respiratory illnesses who could experience symptom exacerbations upon such exposures.

Mapou, Ashley E. M.; Shendell, Derek G.; Therkorn, Jennifer H.; Xiong, Youyou; Meng, Qingyu; Zhang, Junfeng

2013-11-01

118

Cost characteristics of tilt-rotor, conventional air and high speed rail short-haul intercity passenger service  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The cost analysis done to support an assessment of the potential for a small tilt-rotor aircraft to operate in short-haul intercity passenger service is described in detail. Anticipated costs of tilt-rotor air service were compared to the costs of two alternatives: conventional air and high speed rail (HSR). Costs were developed for corridor service, varying key market characteristics including distance, passenger volumes, and minimum frequency standards. The resulting cost vs output information can then be used to compare modal costs for essentially identical service quality and passenger volume or for different service levels and volumes for each mode, as appropriate. Extensive sensitivity analyses are performed. The cost-output features of these technologies are compared. Tilt-rotor is very attractive compared to HSR in terms of costs over the entire range of volume. It also has costs not dramatically different from conventional air, but tilt-rotor costs are generally higher. Thus some of its other advantages, such as the VTOL capability, must offset the cost disadvantage for it to be a preferred or competitive mode in any given market. These issues are addressed in the companion report which considers strategies for tilt-rotor development in commercial air service.

Schoendorfer, David L.; Morlok, Edward K.

1985-01-01

119

Comparative Analysis of Aluminum-Air Battery Propulsion Systems for Passenger Vehicles.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Three electric propulsion systems using an aluminum-air battery were analyzed and compared to the internal-combustion-engine (ICE) vehicle. The analysis used projected battery characteristics extrapolated from laboratory measurements which were obtained i...

J. D. Salisbury, E. Behrin, M. K. Kong, D. J. Whisler

1980-01-01

120

Phase I of the Near-Term Hybrid Passenger-Vehicle Development Program. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Heat engine/electric hybrid vehicles offer the potential of greatly reduced petroleum consumption, compared to conventional vehicles, without the disadvantages of limited performance and operating range associated with purely electric vehicles. This report documents a hybrid-vehicle design approach which is aimed at the development of the technology required to achieve this potential - in such a way that it is transferable to the auto industry in the near term. The development of this design approach constituted Phase I of the Near-Term Hybrid-Vehicle Program. The major tasks in this program were: (1) Mission Analysis and Performance Specification Studies; (2) Design Tradeoff Studies; and (3) Preliminary Design. Detailed reports covering each of these tasks are included as appendices to this report and issued under separate cover; a fourth task, Sensitivity Studies, is also included in the report on the Design Tradeoff Studies. Because of the detail with which these appendices cover methodology and both interim and final results, the body of this report was prepared as a brief executive summary of the program activities and results, with appropriate references to the detailed material in the appendices.

Not Available

1980-10-01

121

Near term hybrid passenger vehicle development program. Phase I. Appendices C and D. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The derivation of and actual preliminary design of the Near Term Hybrid Vehicle (NTHV) are presented. The NTHV uses a modified GM Citation body, a VW Rabbit turbocharged diesel engine, a 24KW compound dc electric motor, a modified GM automatic transmission, and an on-board computer for transmission control. The following NTHV information is presented: the results of the trade-off studies are summarized; the overall vehicle design; the selection of the design concept and the base vehicle (the Chevrolet Citation), the battery pack configuration, structural modifications, occupant protection, vehicle dynamics, and aerodynamics; the powertrain design, including the transmission, coupling devices, engine, motor, accessory drive, and powertrain integration; the motor controller; the battery type, duty cycle, charger, and thermal requirements; the control system (electronics); the identification of requirements, software algorithm requirements, processor selection and system design, sensor and actuator characteristics, displays, diagnostics, and other topics; environmental system including heating, air conditioning, and compressor drive; the specifications, weight breakdown, and energy consumption measures; advanced technology components, and the data sources and assumptions used. (LCL)

Not Available

1980-01-01

122

Improved transistorized AC motor controller for battery powered urban electric passenger vehicles  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An ac motor controller for an induction motor electric vehicle drive system was designed, fabricated, tested, evaluated, and cost analyzed. A vehicle performance analysis was done to establish the vehicle tractive effort-speed requirements. These requirements were then converted into a set of ac motor and ac controller requirements. The power inverter is a three-phase bridge using power Darlington transistors. The induction motor was optimized for use with an inverter power source. The drive system has a constant torque output to base motor speed and a constant horsepower output to maximum speed. A gear shifting transmission is not required. The ac controller was scaled from the base 20 hp (41 hp peak) at 108 volts dec to an expanded horsepower and battery voltage range. Motor reversal was accomplished by electronic reversal of the inverter phase sequence. The ac controller can also be used as a boost chopper battery charger. The drive system was tested on a dynamometer and results are presented. The current-controlled pulse width modulation control scheme yielded improved motor current waveforms. The ac controller favors a higher system voltage.

Peak, S. C.

1982-01-01

123

Deformations and intrusions of the passenger compartment as indicators of injury severity and triage in head-on collisions of non-airbag-carrying vehicles.  

PubMed

In motor vehicle collisions the mechanism of injury is important in determining severity as well as for triage decisions in the pre-hospital phase of patient management. This study correlates deformation of the basic structures of the passenger compartment [windscreen, control panel (dashboard) and steering wheel] with occupants' injuries in passenger vehicle head-on collisions involving non-airbag-carrying vehicles, with or without compartment intrusion. The study took place in the broad urban area of Patras, over an 18-month period (January 2000-June 2001) and evaluated 48 vehicle crashes. Car and compartment deformation are significant factors affecting occupants' injuries and consequently the appropriate type of further treatment, either in the hospital setting or primary health-care centres. It would be particularly useful to transmit the post-crash condition of a vehicle to the trauma dispatch centre, utilising satellite technology, thus allowing the centre to organise the rescue teams, plan triage in advance and provide the emergency medical personnel with all necessary information before their arrival at the scene of the accident. PMID:12832173

Stefanopoulos, N; Vagianos, C; Stavropoulos, M; Panagiotopoulos, E; Androulakis, J

2003-07-01

124

Research on the recycling industry development model for typical exterior plastic components of end-of-life passenger vehicle based on the SWOT method.  

PubMed

In-depth studies on the recycling of typical automotive exterior plastic parts are significant and beneficial for environmental protection, energy conservation, and sustainable development of China. In the current study, several methods were used to analyze the recycling industry model for typical exterior parts of passenger vehicles in China. The strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and challenges of the current recycling industry for typical exterior parts of passenger vehicles were analyzed comprehensively based on the SWOT method. The internal factor evaluation matrix and external factor evaluation matrix were used to evaluate the internal and external factors of the recycling industry. The recycling industry was found to respond well to all the factors and it was found to face good developing opportunities. Then, the cross-link strategies analysis for the typical exterior parts of the passenger car industry of China was conducted based on the SWOT analysis strategies and established SWOT matrix. Finally, based on the aforementioned research, the recycling industry model led by automobile manufacturers was promoted. PMID:23906874

Zhang, Hongshen; Chen, Ming

2013-11-01

125

Advanced axial field D.C. motor development for electric passenger vehicle  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A wound-field axial-flux dc motor was developed for an electric vehicle drive system. The motor is essentially an axial-flux version of the classical Gramme-ring winding motor, but the active conductors are recessed into slots cut into the two opposite faces of the laminated tape-wound core ring. Three motors were built and tested in the program. The second (functional) model was a six-pole machine which weighed 88.5 kg. It developed 16.9 km (33.0 hp), and a max speed of 4800 rpm. Full load efficiency was 92% and predicted SAE D-cycle efficiency was 88%. The last engineering) model was a 4-pole machine with compoles, allowing a weight reduction to 45 kg (100 lbs.) while addressing some manufacturability problems. The engineering model was rated at 13.2 kw (17.6 hp) at 3000 rpm, with a peak power of 19.8 km (26.4 hp) and a max speed of 7200 rpm. Initial test results on this motor showed poor commutation and efficiency; the program was terminated without resolution of these problems.

Jones, W. J.

1982-01-01

126

Cold-start emissions of modern passenger cars at different low ambient temperatures and their evolution over vehicle legislation categories  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The emissions of modern gasoline and diesel passenger cars are reduced by catalysts except in cold-starting. Since catalysts require a certain temperature (typically above 300 °C) to work to full efficiency, emissions are significantly higher during the warm-up phase of the car. The duration of this period and the emissions produced depend on the ambient temperature as well as on the initial temperature of the car's propulsion systems. The additional emissions during a warm-up phase, known as "cold-start extra emissions" (CSEEs) for emission inventory modelling, are mostly assessed by emission measurements at an ambient temperature of 23 °C. However, in many European countries average ambient temperatures are below 23 °C. This necessitates emission measurements at lower temperatures in order to model and assess cold-start emissions for real-world temperature conditions. This paper investigates the influence of regulated pollutants and CO 2 emissions of recent gasoline and diesel car models (Euro-4 legislation) at different ambient temperatures, 23, -7 and -20 °C. We present a survey and model of the evolution of cold-start emissions as a function of different car generations (pre-Euro-1 to Euro-4 legislations). In addition the contribution of CSEEs to total fleet running emissions is shown to highlight their increasing importance. For gasoline cars, it turns out that in average real-world driving the majority of the CO (carbon monoxide) and HC (hydrocarbon) total emissions are due to cold-start extra emissions. Moreover, the cold-start emissions increase considerably at lower ambient temperatures. In contrast, cold-start emissions of diesel cars are significantly lower than those of gasoline cars. Furthermore, the transition from Euro-3 to Euro-4 gasoline vehicles shows a trend for a smaller decline for cold-start extra emissions than for legislative limits. Particle and NO x emission of cold-starts are less significant.

Weilenmann, Martin; Favez, Jean-Yves; Alvarez, Robert

127

Safety, usability, and independence for wheelchair-seated drivers and front-row passengers of private vehicles: a qualitative research study.  

PubMed

A survey and observational study was conducted with 29 people who remain seated in their wheelchair when driving (21) or riding as a front-row passenger (8) in their personal vehicle. Each subject was observed and surveyed in their own personal vehicle that has been modified for use by occupants seated in wheelchairs. Our survey obtained responses on issues related to occupant restraint (seat belt) system usage, wheelchair securement device usage, and perception of personal safety while riding in a vehicle. Usability and accessibility issues related to seat belt and automated (docking) wheelchair securement technology were revealed, suggesting that wheelchair-seated occupants travel with a higher risk of serious injury in vehicle crashes than front-row occupants seated in original equipment manufacturer (OEM) vehicle seats and using OEM seat belts. Study results also indicate the need for improved torso support for many wheelchair-seated drivers to maintain a posture that allows for effective vehicle control. Study results demonstrate the need for innovative passive restraint technologies that provide postural support during normal vehicle operation and improved occupant restraint during crash conditions for people who drive while seated in their wheelchairs. PMID:23761005

van Roosmalen, Linda; Ritchie Orton, Nichole; Schneider, Lawrence

2013-01-01

128

48 CFR 52.251-2 - Interagency Fleet Management System Vehicles and Related Services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Interagency Fleet Management System Vehicles and Related Services...251-2 Interagency Fleet Management System Vehicles and Related Services...clause: Interagency Fleet Management System Vehicles and Related...

2010-10-01

129

Characterization, concentrations and emission rates of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the exhaust emissions from in-service vehicles in Damascus  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Motor vehicles are significant sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) emissions to the urban atmosphere. Improved understanding of PAH emission profiles in mobile sources is the key to determining the viable approach for reducing PAH emissions from motor vehicles. Very limited data is available on the levels of PAH emissions in the urban atmospheres in Syria and no data are currently available on the level of PAH emissions from different combustion sources in the country. The aim of this study was to determine the profile and concentration of PAH in exhaust emissions of light and heavy-duty vehicles running on the roads of Damascus city. Three different types of vehicles (passenger cars, minivans and buses) were selected along with different age groups. Vapor- and particulate-phase PAH were collected from the vehicular exhausts of six in-service vehicles (with/without catalytic converters). High-performance liquid chromatography system, equipped with UV-Visible and fluorescence detectors, was used for the identification and quantification of PAH compounds in the cleaned extracts of the collected samples. The mean concentration of total PAH emissions (sum of 15 compounds) from all types of studied vehicles ranged between 69.28 ± 1.06 ?g/m3 for passenger cars equipped with catalytic converters and 2169.41 ± 5.17 ?g/m3 for old diesel buses without pollution controls. Values of total benzo(a)pyrene equivalent (? B[a]Peq) ranged between 1.868 ?g/m3and 37.652 ?g/m3. The results obtained in this study showed that the use of catalytic converters resulted into cleaner exhaust compositions and emissions with characteristics that are distinct from those obtained in the absence of catalytic converters.

Alkurdi, Farouk; Karabet, François; Dimashki, Marwan

2013-02-01

130

Phase 1 of the near term hybrid passenger vehicle development program. Appendix B: Trade-off studies, volume 1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Tradeoff study activities and the analysis process used are described with emphasis on (1) review of the alternatives; (2) vehicle architecture; and (3) evaluation of the propulsion system alternatives; interim results are presented for the basic hybrid vehicle characterization; vehicle scheme development; propulsion system power and transmission ratios; vehicle weight; energy consumption and emissions; performance; production costs; reliability, availability and maintainability; life cycle costs, and operational quality. The final vehicle conceptual design is examined.

Traversi, M.; Piccolo, R.

1980-01-01

131

Parametric studies of North East Corridor rail passenger service between New York City and Washington, D. C.. [propulsive efficiency studies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Speed profiles of rail passenger service between New York City and Washington, D.C. were developed and showed progressively fewer speed restrictions and increasing maximum speeds. The significant equipment characteristics include the portion of the total weight on driven axles, i.e., multiple unit (MU) cars versus locomotive hauled trains, and the short term tractive effort rating of the motors. The ratio of acceleration plus braking time to total time is provided for validation of the use of the short term propulsion equipment ratings. Absolute trip times are shown to be determined primarily by the allowed speed profile. Locomotive hauled train weights and lengths and the locomotive capabilities and characteristics that are required to make the performance of this type of train comparable to that of MU trains are given.

Stallkamp, J. A.

1977-01-01

132

Airline Passengers: Are Their Consumer Rights Protected.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Air passenger complaints have increased substantially in recent years partly because passengers have come to expect high quality service from domestic airlines. While for the most part these expectations are met, occasionally problems do occur-baggage is ...

1978-01-01

133

Airline Passengers' Satisfaction with Airports  

E-print Network

systemically analyzed the service quality and efficiency of airports, or examined customer satisfaction with airport facilities. While airline passengers' expectations of airport service quality have been examined, there are few studies focusing on both...

Kim, Hyun Joo

2012-02-14

134

Materials Flow Analysis and Dynamic Life-cycle Assessment of Lightweight Automotive Materials in the US Passenger Vehicle Fleet  

E-print Network

To achieve better fuel economy, automakers are seriously considering vehicle weight and size reduction. This is achieved by using lighter-weight materials like high-strength steel and aluminum, better vehicle design, and ...

Cheah, Lynette Wan Ting

135

Passengers of Impaired Drivers  

PubMed Central

Introduction The aims of this study are (a) to estimate the prevalence of passengers riding with alcohol-impaired drivers; (b) to investigate the role of demographic factors (age, gender, race/ethnicity, educational status) and relevant driving conditions (time of the day, trip origin, vehicle ownership) on shaping the likelihood of alcohol-impaired driving; (c) to identify and estimate the prevalence of passengers as alternative drivers (PADs); and (d) to examine the role that vehicle ownership plays in shaping the occurrence of PADs. Method Data came from a unique convenience sample of passengers obtained from the 2007 National Roadside Survey, a random sample of drivers from the 48 contiguous states. Results The prevalence of PADs in the targeted population (mostly weekend night vehicles) was higher with drivers at .00vehicle ownership is a large impediment for PADs to act as designated drivers. We speculate that vehicle ownership may be a main reason for the less-than-expected success of the “designated driver” concept. PMID:22974681

Romano, Eduardo; Kelley-Baker, Tara; Lacey, John

2012-01-01

136

Developing an integrated transit schedule with improved passenger level of service measures  

E-print Network

overcome these perceptions, possibly at significant cost. Balog et al. (3) recognize other service characteristics that are important to the users of complementary paratransit services. These include the fare, the environment and terrain between... overcome these perceptions, possibly at significant cost. Balog et al. (3) recognize other service characteristics that are important to the users of complementary paratransit services. These include the fare, the environment and terrain between...

Blume, Kelly Lyn

2012-06-07

137

41 CFR 102-34.45 - How are passenger automobiles classified?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false How are passenger automobiles classified? 102-34.45 Section 102-34...Vehicles § 102-34.45 How are passenger automobiles classified? Passenger automobiles are classified in the following table:...

2013-07-01

138

41 CFR 102-34.45 - How are passenger automobiles classified?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false How are passenger automobiles classified? 102-34.45 Section 102-34...Vehicles § 102-34.45 How are passenger automobiles classified? Passenger automobiles are classified in the following table:...

2012-01-01

139

41 CFR 102-34.45 - How are passenger automobiles classified?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false How are passenger automobiles classified? 102-34.45 Section 102-34...Vehicles § 102-34.45 How are passenger automobiles classified? Passenger automobiles are classified in the following table:...

2011-01-01

140

41 CFR 102-34.45 - How are passenger automobiles classified?  

...2014-01-01 false How are passenger automobiles classified? 102-34.45 Section 102-34...Vehicles § 102-34.45 How are passenger automobiles classified? Passenger automobiles are classified in the following table:...

2014-01-01

141

41 CFR 102-34.45 - How are passenger automobiles classified?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false How are passenger automobiles classified? 102-34.45 Section 102-34...Vehicles § 102-34.45 How are passenger automobiles classified? Passenger automobiles are classified in the following table:...

2010-07-01

142

Effects of diesel/biodiesel blends on regulated and unregulated pollutants from a passenger vehicle operated over the European and the Athens driving cycles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents the regulated and unregulated exhaust emissions of a diesel passenger vehicle, operated with low sulphur automotive diesel and soy methyl ester blends. Emission and fuel consumption measurements were conducted under real driving conditions (Athens Driving Cycle, ADC) and compared with those of a modified New European Driving Cycle (NEDC) using a chassis dynamometer. A Euro II compliant diesel vehicle was used in this study, equipped with an indirect injection diesel engine, fuelled with diesel fuel and biodiesel blends at proportions of 5, 10, and 20% respectively. Unregulated emissions of 11 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), 5 nitro-PAHs, 13 carbonyl compounds (CBCs) and the soluble organic fraction (SOF) of the particulate matter were measured. Qualitative hydrocarbon analysis was also performed on the SOF. Regulated emissions of NO x, CO, HC, CO 2, and PM were also measured over the two test cycles. It was established that some of the emissions measured over the (hot-start) NEDC differed from the real-world cycle. Significant differences were also observed in the vehicle's fuel consumption between the two test cycles. The addition of biodiesel reduced the regulated emissions of CO, HC and PM, while an increase in NO x was observed over the ADC. Carbonyl emissions, PAHs and nitro-PAHs were reduced with the addition of biodiesel over both driving cycles.

Karavalakis, George; Stournas, Stamoulis; Bakeas, Evangelos

143

Phase 1 of the near team hybrid passenger vehicle development program. Appendix C: Preliminary design data package, volume 1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The methodology used for vehicle layout and component definition is described as well as techniques for system optimization and energy evaluation. The preliminary design is examined with particular attention given to body and structure; propulsion system; crash analysis and handling; internal combustion engine; DC motor separately excited; Ni-Zn battery; transmission; control system; vehicle auxiliarries; weight breakdown, and life cycle costs. Formulas are given for the quantification of energy consumption and results are compared with the reference vehicle.

Piccolo, R.

1979-01-01

144

40 CFR 86.1811-04 - Emission standards for light-duty vehicles, light-duty trucks and medium-duty passenger vehicles.  

...of 0.29 square meters, an air flow velocity through the radiator of 40% of vehicle...of 0.20 square meters, an air flow velocity of 30% of vehicle speed and an ozone...of 0.29 square meters, an air flow velocity of 40% of vehicle speed and an...

2014-07-01

145

Phase 1 of the near term hybrid passenger vehicle development program. Appendix B: Trade-off studies. Volume 2: Appendices  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The SPEC '78 computer program which consists of mathematical simulations of any vehicle component and external environment is described as are configuration alternatives for the propulsion system. Preliminary assessments of the fundamental characteristics of the lead-acid and sodium-sulfur batteries are included and procedures are given for estimating the cost of a new vehicle in mass production.

Traversi, M.; Piccolo, R.

1979-01-01

146

49 CFR 173.5a - Oilfield service vehicles and mechanical displacement meter provers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Oilfield service vehicles and mechanical displacement meter provers. 173...5a Oilfield service vehicles and mechanical displacement meter provers. (a...movement on a public highway. (b) Mechanical displacement meter provers....

2010-10-01

147

Phase 1 of the near team hybrid passenger vehicle development program. Appendix C: Preliminary design data package. Volume 2: Appendices  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The design, development, efficiency, manufacturability, production costs, life cycle cost, and safety of sodium-sulfur, nickel-zinc, and lead-acid batteries for electric hybrid vehicles are discussed. Models are given for simulating the vehicle handling quality, and for finding the value of: (1) the various magnetic quantities in the different sections in which the magnetic circuit of the DC electric machine is divided; (2) flux distribution in the air gap and the magnetization curve under load conditions; and (3) the mechanical power curves versus motor speed at different values of armature current.

Piccolo, R.

1979-01-01

148

Synergies between Solar Power Supply from Space and Passenger Space Travel  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Energy supply from space, as proposed by Peter Glaser in 1968, requires low launch costs in order to be economic, which can only be achieved through large-scale operations of reusable launch vehicles. From market research and feasibility studies performed over the past decade, passenger space travel services, which also require low launch costs, and appear to have the potential to develop into an industry as large as passenger air travel. The paper discusses the synergistic relationship between power supply from space and passenger space travel, whereby each may require the other for its realisation. While governments have been slow to adopt energy policies needed to avoid energy shortages and environmental destruction, the need for new industries to reduce record levels of unemployment world-wide may stimulate the development of passenger space travel - which could in turn stimulate the development of space-based solar power supply systems.

Collins, P.

2004-12-01

149

Climate and Energy Policy for U.S. Passenger Vehicles: A Technology-Rich Economic Modeling and Policy Analysis  

E-print Network

both in reduction of internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicle fuel consumption as well as in adoption Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2008 B.S. Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry and Political Science Yale University, 2002 Submitted to the Engineering Systems Division in Partial Fulfillment

150

Measurement and Assessment of Noise Within Passenger Trains  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Railways are becoming increasingly market-driven. Consequently, it is important that passengers are provided with a comfortable environment that reflects the operator's desired image for the service. A major factor in determining how passengers perceive the environment within trains is the level and nature of sound to which they are exposed. Unfortunately, the subject of noise within railway vehicles has had less attention in recent years, and is therefore less well developed, than external “environmental” noise. Two specific areas that merit investigation are methods for its quantification and assessment. A variety of criteria are used for assessing the noise environment within buildings, and may be considered appropriate for the quantification of internal train noise. These include “noise criteria” (NC), “preferred noise criteria” (PNC), “noise rating” (NR), and “room criterion” (RC). Recently, the automotive industry has also been using loudness level. Simple descriptors, such as the A-weighted sound level, have not been found to correlate well with perceived acoustic comfort. A complicating factor when considering internal rail vehicle noise is that its level and quality is not constant, with significant variability likely to occur over the duration of a journey. This difficulty is compounded by acoustic spatial variation within a vehicle. The paper considers the problems inherent in the quantification of noise within rail vehicles, and in the determination of the relationship between this noise and passenger response. Methods by which these problems may be overcome are discussed, drawing on real data and on long experience of study in this field.

HARDY, A. E. J.

2000-03-01

151

40 CFR 86.1811-09 - Emission standards for light-duty vehicles, light-duty trucks and medium-duty passenger vehicles.  

...Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM NEW...CONTINUED) General Compliance Provisions for Control of Air Pollution From New and In-Use Light-Duty Vehicles,...

2014-07-01

152

40 CFR 86.1811-10 - Emission standards for light-duty vehicles, light-duty trucks and medium-duty passenger vehicles.  

...Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM NEW...CONTINUED) General Compliance Provisions for Control of Air Pollution From New and In-Use Light-Duty Vehicles,...

2014-07-01

153

76 FR 54290 - Decision That Certain Nonconforming Motor Vehicles Are Eligible for Importation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Nonconforming Vehicles: 2006 Mercedes-Benz CLS class passenger cars manufactured...S. Certified Vehicles: 2006 Mercedes-Benz CLS class passenger cars manufactured...Nonconforming Vehicles: 2005 Mercedes-Benz 350 CLS passenger cars....

2011-08-31

154

1266 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INTELLIGENT TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS, VOL. 14, NO. 3, SEPTEMBER 2013 Vehicles Meet Infrastructure: Toward CapacityCost  

E-print Network

to cater to the ever-increasing Internet data demand of passengers [5]­[7] but also to enrich safety Internet services to vehicles. However, the deployment costs of different access infrastructure are highly systems, and passengers [1]­[4]. Since Internet access is an essential part of our daily life, expected

Shen, Xuemin "Sherman"

155

NUMBER: VMPS 1.00 SECTION: Vehicle Management and Parking Services  

E-print Network

shall be issued a "Z" parking permit. This permit allows the holder to park in areas designated for "Z1 NUMBER: VMPS 1.00 SECTION: Vehicle Management and Parking Services SUBJECT: Motor Vehicle: Columbia Campus Authorized by: Edward L. Walton Issued by: Vehicle Management and Parking Services

Almor, Amit

156

14 CFR 91.535 - Stowage of food, beverage, and passenger service equipment during aircraft movement on the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...in its stowed position. (d) No operator may permit an aircraft to move on the surface, take off, or land unless each movie screen that extends into the aisle is stowed. (e) Each passenger shall comply with instructions given by a crewmember...

2010-01-01

157

14 CFR 121.577 - Stowage of food, beverage, and passenger service equipment during airplane movement on the...  

...stowed position. (d) No certificate holder may permit an airplane to move on the surface, take off, or land unless each movie screen that extends into an aisle is stowed. (e) Each passenger shall comply with instructions given by a crewmember...

2014-01-01

158

14 CFR 91.535 - Stowage of food, beverage, and passenger service equipment during aircraft movement on the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...in its stowed position. (d) No operator may permit an aircraft to move on the surface, take off, or land unless each movie screen that extends into the aisle is stowed. (e) Each passenger shall comply with instructions given by a crewmember...

2011-01-01

159

14 CFR 91.535 - Stowage of food, beverage, and passenger service equipment during aircraft movement on the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...in its stowed position. (d) No operator may permit an aircraft to move on the surface, take off, or land unless each movie screen that extends into the aisle is stowed. (e) Each passenger shall comply with instructions given by a crewmember...

2012-01-01

160

14 CFR 121.577 - Stowage of food, beverage, and passenger service equipment during airplane movement on the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...stowed position. (d) No certificate holder may permit an airplane to move on the surface, take off, or land unless each movie screen that extends into an aisle is stowed. (e) Each passenger shall comply with instructions given by a crewmember...

2011-01-01

161

14 CFR 91.535 - Stowage of food, beverage, and passenger service equipment during aircraft movement on the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...in its stowed position. (d) No operator may permit an aircraft to move on the surface, take off, or land unless each movie screen that extends into the aisle is stowed. (e) Each passenger shall comply with instructions given by a crewmember...

2013-01-01

162

Autonomous personal vehicle for the first- and last-mile transportation services  

E-print Network

This paper describes an autonomous vehicle testbed that aims at providing the first- and last- mile transportation services. The vehicle mainly operates in a crowded urban environment whose features can be extracted a ...

Chong, Z. J.

163

Manipulator design and development for the Ranger satellite servicing vehicle  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Ranger program is a planned series of low cost telerobotics flight experiments, based on the use of Pegasus launch vehicles. As the first step towards this goal, the Space Systems Lab was developing a neutral buoyancy version of Ranger for use in design verification and operations testing. The design approach and results of the Ranger manipulator development program is related. Ranger is designed to incorporate four appendages: a pair of dexterous, seven degree of freedom manipulators for general manipulation; a six DOF grappling arm for securing the vehicle to the local work site; and a five DOF positioning manipulator for the stereo camera pair that provide feedback to the remote operator. Each of these manipulators incorporate unique approaches to satisfying design requirements. The numerical and operational requirements are given for Ranger manipulators, and the evolution is discussed of the differing design approaches based on similarities and differences in the requirements. Testing results for individual joints and manipulator assemblies are presented, followed by initial results of operational testing on satellite servicing tasks with the integrated Ranger neutral buoyancy vehicle.

Howard, Russell D.; Akin, David L.

1992-01-01

164

Asbestos exposures of mechanics performing clutch service on motor vehicles.  

PubMed

A study was conducted to assess historical asbestos exposures of mechanics performing clutch service on motor vehicles. For most of the 20th century, friction components used in brakes and manual transmission clutches contained approximately 25-60% chrysotile asbestos. Since the late 1960s, asbestos exposure assessment studies conducted on mechanics performing brake service have frequently reported levels below the current OSHA permissible exposure limit (PEL) of 0.1 fiber/cc (flcc). Although there is a robust asbestos exposure data set for mechanics performing brake service, there are almost no data for mechanics removing and replacing clutches in manual transmission vehicles. Personal and area airborne asbestos samples were collected during the removal of asbestos-containing clutches from 15 manual transmissions obtained from salvage facilities by an experienced mechanic. Clutch plates and debris were analyzed for asbestos using EPA and ISO published analytical methods. More than 100 personal and area air samples were collected and analyzed for asbestos fibers using NIOSH methods 7400 and 7402. A separate study involved a telephone survey of 16 automotive mechanics who began work prior to 1975. The mechanics were asked about the duration, frequency, and methods used to perform clutch service. Wear debris in the bell housing surrounding clutches had an average of 0.1% chrysotile asbestos by weight, a value consistent with similar reports of brake debris. Asbestos air sampling data collected averaged 0.047 flcc. Mechanics participating in the telephone survey indicated that clutch service was performed infrequently, the entire clutch assembly was normally replaced, and there was no need to otherwise handle the asbestos-containing clutch plates. These mechanics also confirmed that wet methods were most frequently used to clean debris from the bell housing. Combining the asbestos exposure that occurred when mechanics performed clutch service, along with the duration and frequency of this task, the incremental contribution of this task to mechanics' 8-hr time-weighted average (TWA) asbestos exposures was 0.0016 flcc. Using the range of data inputs that were obtained, the authors calculated a range of TWA exposures of 3.75 x 10(-5) flcc to 0.03 flcc. The mean value of 0.0016 flcc is below background levels of asbestos that have been reported in garages during this time and below the current OSHA PEL of 0.1 flcc. PMID:18188736

Cohen, Howard J; Van Orden, Drew R

2008-03-01

165

Assessment of flywheel system benefits in selected vehicle applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Flywheel-equipped vehicles were compared with their non-flywheel counterparts (baseline systems) on the basis of energy utilization. To accomplish this, a computer-based vehicle simulation program was developed. This program determines the propulsion power required to negotiate each element of the driving cycle, and apportions this power between prime mover and storage device according to one or more selected operating strategies. The state of flywheel (and/or battery) charge is continuously tracked, along with the consumption of fuel or dissipation of battery energy. Energy flows associated with all major component processes are accounted for. Results are given for a four-passenger commuter vehicle with electric drive (range extension application of the flywheel system) and a six-passenger family car with conventional heat engine drive (fuel conservation application of the flywheel system). The six-passenger vehicle was also examined with respect to its use in urban taxi service.

Forrest, L.

1982-12-01

166

MOTOR VEHICLE RECORD AUTHORIZATION This form authorizes Parking and Transportation (PTS) Fleet Services to conduct a motor vehicle record check to  

E-print Network

MOTOR VEHICLE RECORD AUTHORIZATION This form authorizes Parking and Transportation (PTS) ­ Fleet Services to conduct a motor vehicle record check to verify eligibility to operate to conduct a motor vehicle record check to verify my eligibility to operate U-M vehicles. Signature Date

Kirschner, Denise

167

UM SERVICE VEHICLE PARKING PERMIT APPLICATION Return the completed application to Parking and Transportation Services, 1213 Kipke Dr., 2002, or fax  

E-print Network

UM SERVICE VEHICLE PARKING PERMIT APPLICATION Return the completed application to Parking of commodities, materials, equipment and tools. Only vehicles with such primary purposes are permitted to use UM Contact Phone Campus Address Box VEHICLE INFORMATION Vehicle License Plate # UM Vehicle # APPLICATION

Kirschner, Denise

168

An investigation of service and refueling infrastructure for energy storage vehicles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The service infrastructure for energy storage vehicles (ESV's) is examined to determine barriers to the introduction of ESV's into the private transportation sector. Electrically rechargeable battery powered vehicles, aluminum/air fuel cell vehicles, and hydrogen powered vehicles are considered. Implications of infrastructure for hybrid vehicles are also discussed. Service delivery systems and refueling methods are identified. Refueling methods for electrically rechargeable vehicles, which are investigated, include overnight home recharging, recharging at parking facilities of businesses, employers and institutions (distributed refueling) and battern exchange systems. The potential for each method is examined and the relative cost of various alternatives is investigated. The production, distribution and supply of aluminum fuel and of hydrogen are considered. Retrofitting possibilities of existing service facilities are examined for each ESV type. Design implications for retrofitting and new facility construction are discussed.

Wall, J. D.

1980-01-01

169

76 FR 11418 - Rear Visibility; Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard, Rearview Mirrors; Federal Motor Vehicle...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Rearview Mirrors; Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard, Low-Speed Vehicles; Phase-in Reporting Requirements AGENCY: National...trucks, multipurpose passenger vehicles, buses, and low-speed vehicles rated at 10,000 pounds or less, gross vehicle...

2011-03-02

170

Operations analysis (study 2.6). Volume 4: Computer specification; logistics of orbiting vehicle servicing (LOVES)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The logistics of orbital vehicle servicing computer specifications was developed and a number of alternatives to improve utilization of the space shuttle and the tug were investigated. Preliminary results indicate that space servicing offers a potential for reducing future operational and program costs over ground refurbishment of satellites. A computer code which could be developed to simulate space servicing is presented.

1973-01-01

171

Phase 1 of the near term hybrid passenger vehicles development program. Appendix A: Mission analysis and performance specification studies, volume 1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Applicable data was categorized and processed according to vehicle usage and trip parameters with consideration of payload (cargo, people, size) and driving cycles. A mission that maximizes the fuel potential savings for the total 1985 vehicle fleet was selected. Mission requirements that have a bearing on conventional and hybrid vehicle performance and characteristics were identified and formulated and a reference ICE vehicle was selected that meets or exceeds all requirements while maintaining within applicable constraints. Specifications for vehicle performance were established based on mission requirements, mission related vehicle characteristics, and fuel consumption.

Traversi, M.; Barbarek, L. A. C.

1979-01-01

172

A Service-Based Architecture for In-Vehicle Telematics Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growing needs to access information in remote, mobile environments have sparked interests in so-called In- Vehicle Telematics Systems (IVTS) (1). These relatively new systems have the potential to deliver computing facilitates to road vehicles, which may include in-vehicle infotainment, route-guidance and navigation and the provision of vital information resources used by fleet haulage companies and emergency services (police, fire

D. Reilly; A. Taleb-bendiab

2002-01-01

173

Recreation Vehicle Service Technician: Apprenticeship Course Outline. Apprenticeship and Industry Training. 4507.1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The graduate of the Recreational Vehicle Service Technician apprenticeship program is a certified journeyperson who will be able to: (1) know the standards and regulations that relate to recreation vehicles; (2) install, repair and maintain LP gas distribution systems and appliances; (3) install, repair and maintain plumbing and electrical…

Alberta Advanced Education and Technology, 2007

2007-01-01

174

APOLLO 12 SATURN V LAUNCH VEHICLE IS SURROUNDED BY THE MOBILE SERVICE STRUCTURE  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The 402-foot-high Mobile Service Structure surrounds the Apollo 12 Saturn V space vehicle at the Kennedy Space Center's Launch Complex 39A. The MSS was removed to its park site about 26 hours before launch.

1969-01-01

175

The effect of teenage passengers on the fatal crash risk of teenage drivers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fatal crash-involved drivers of passenger vehicles were identified in the Fatality Analysis Reporting System for the period 1990 through 1995. Each driver was categorized as being alone in the vehicle at the time of the crash or with one or more passengers. Drivers at fault or responsible for crash occurrence were defined as all drivers involved in a single-vehicle crash,

David F. Preusser; Susan A. Ferguson; Allan F. Williams

1998-01-01

176

Passenger and Cell Phone Conversations in Simulated Driving  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines how conversing with passengers in a vehicle differs from conversing on a cell phone while driving. We compared how well drivers were able to deal with the demands of driving when conversing on a cell phone, conversing with a passenger, and when driving without any distraction. In the conversation conditions, participants were instructed to converse with a

Frank A. Drews; Monisha Pasupathi; David L. Strayer

2008-01-01

177

Passenger and Cell Phone Conversations in Simulated Driving  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines how conversing with passengers in a vehicle differs from conversing on a cell phone while driving. We compared how well drivers were able to deal with the demands of driving when conversing on a cell phone, conversing with a passenger, and when driving without any distraction. In the conversation conditions, participants were…

Drews, Frank A.; Pasupathi, Monisha; Strayer, David L.

2008-01-01

178

IMPLEMENTATION OF A REAL TIME PASSENGER INFORMATION SYSTEM  

E-print Network

for passengers. A Real-Time Passenger Information System (RTPIS) uses a variety of technologies to track of GPS and the ubiquitous cellular network, real time vehicle tracking for better transport management. The increased waiting time and the uncertainty in bus arrival make public transport system unattractive

Sanyal, Sugata

179

Crew Exploration Vehicle Service Module Ascent Abort Coverage  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Crew Exploration Vehicle (CEV) is required to maintain continuous abort capability from lift off through destination arrival. This requirement is driven by the desire to provide the capability to safely return the crew to Earth after failure scenarios during the various phases of the mission. This paper addresses abort trajectory design considerations, concept of operations and guidance algorithm prototypes for the portion of the ascent trajectory following nominal jettison of the Launch Abort System (LAS) until safe orbit insertion. Factors such as abort system performance, crew load limits, natural environments, crew recovery, and vehicle element disposal were investigated to determine how to achieve continuous vehicle abort capability.

Tedesco, Mark B.; Evans, Bryan M.; Merritt, Deborah S.; Falck, Robert D.

2007-01-01

180

Ariane Transfer Vehicle in service of man in orbit  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Ariane Transfer Vehicle (ATV), an unmanned propulsion system that is designed to be carried by the Ariane 5 launch vehicle, will undertake the logistical support required by the International Space Station and the Man-Tended Free Flyer, carrying both pressurized and unpressurized cargo to these spacecraft and carrying away wastes. The ATV is an expendable vehicle, disposed of by burn-up during reentry, and will be available for initial operations in 1996. In order to minimize development costs and recurrent costs, the ATV design will incorporate existing hardware and software.

Deutscher, N.; Schefold, K.; Cougnet, C.

1988-10-01

181

1 Vehicle-to-grid systems: ancillary services and communications  

E-print Network

fluctuations in local renewable generation units, such as rooftop solar panels and wind turbines [8, 9, 11, 10-enabled electric vehicles will be on the road in USA. The expected trend in the automotive market share for EVs

Huang, Jianwei

182

78 FR 76265 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Small Business Impacts of Motor Vehicle Safety  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...multipurpose passenger vehicles, trucks, buses, trailers, motorcycles, and motor vehicle equipment. DATES: You should submit...Noncompliance. 557................. Petitions for Hearings on Notification and Remedy of Defects....

2013-12-17

183

14 CFR 382.111 - What services must carriers provide to passengers with a disability on board the aircraft?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01... Section 382.111 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT...NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY IN AIR TRAVEL Services on Aircraft §...

2013-01-01

184

14 CFR 382.111 - What services must carriers provide to passengers with a disability on board the aircraft?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01... Section 382.111 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT...NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY IN AIR TRAVEL Services on Aircraft §...

2012-01-01

185

14 CFR 382.111 - What services must carriers provide to passengers with a disability on board the aircraft?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01... Section 382.111 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT...NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY IN AIR TRAVEL Services on Aircraft §...

2011-01-01

186

14 CFR 382.111 - What services must carriers provide to passengers with a disability on board the aircraft?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01... Section 382.111 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT...NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY IN AIR TRAVEL Services on Aircraft §...

2010-01-01

187

Reduced crude usage through increased MPG and decreased VMT for passenger transportation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy conservation in passenger transportation is discussed. Approaches to decreases in vehicle mileage are considered in the use of car pools, van pools, and urban mass transit. Approaches to increased efficiency are considered in vehicle design, vehicle purchase information, vehicle operation, and vehicle maintenance. It is noted that increasing the efficiency of new vehicles is an important aspect of saving

R. F. Hemphill; P. W. Davis; B. D. McNutt

1976-01-01

188

Analysis of environmental factors impacting the life cycle cost analysis of conventional and fuel cell/battery-powered passenger vehicles. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of the further developments and testing of the Life Cycle Cost (LCC) Model previously developed by Engineering Systems Management, Inc. (ESM) on behalf of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) under contract No. DE-AC02-91CH10491. The Model incorporates specific analytical relationships and cost/performance data relevant to internal combustion engine (ICE) powered vehicles, battery powered electric vehicles (BPEVs), and fuel cell/battery-powered electric vehicles (FCEVs).

NONE

1995-01-31

189

Optimal planning and control for hazard avoidance of front-wheel steered ground vehicles  

E-print Network

Hazard avoidance is an important capability for safe operation of robotic vehicles at high speed. It is also an important consideration for passenger vehicle safety, as thousands are killed each year in passenger vehicle ...

Peters, Steven C. (Steven Conrad)

2012-01-01

190

77 FR 55267 - Decision That Certain Nonconforming Motor Vehicles Are Eligible for Importation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...No. NHTSA-2012-0035 Nonconforming Vehicles: 1999-2006 Toyota Land Cruiser IFS 100 Series Multipurpose Passenger Vehicles...Substantially Similar U.S. Certified Vehicles: 1999-2006 Toyota Land Cruiser IFS 100 Series Multipurpose Passenger...

2012-09-07

191

76 FR 36486 - Preliminary Theft Data; Motor Vehicle Theft Prevention Standard  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NHTSA-2011-0075] Preliminary Theft Data; Motor Vehicle Theft Prevention Standard AGENCY...requests comments on data about passenger motor vehicle thefts that occurred in calendar...including theft rates for existing passenger motor vehicle lines manufactured in model...

2011-06-22

192

77 FR 38024 - Preliminary Theft Data; Motor Vehicle Theft Prevention Standard  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NHTSA-2012-0072] Preliminary Theft Data; Motor Vehicle Theft Prevention Standard AGENCY...requests comments on data about passenger motor vehicle thefts that occurred in [[Page...including theft rates for existing passenger motor vehicle lines manufactured in model...

2012-06-26

193

45 CFR 3.25 - Servicing of vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...25 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CONDUCT OF PERSONS AND TRAFFIC ON THE NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH FEDERAL ENCLAVE Traffic Regulations § 3.25 Servicing...

2013-10-01

194

45 CFR 3.25 - Servicing of vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...25 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CONDUCT OF PERSONS AND TRAFFIC ON THE NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH FEDERAL ENCLAVE Traffic Regulations § 3.25 Servicing...

2010-10-01

195

45 CFR 3.25 - Servicing of vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...25 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CONDUCT OF PERSONS AND TRAFFIC ON THE NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH FEDERAL ENCLAVE Traffic Regulations § 3.25 Servicing...

2011-10-01

196

45 CFR 3.25 - Servicing of vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...25 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION CONDUCT OF PERSONS AND TRAFFIC ON THE NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH FEDERAL ENCLAVE Traffic Regulations § 3.25 Servicing...

2012-10-01

197

Emissions impacts and benefits of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and vehicle-to-grid services.  

PubMed

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) have been promoted as a potential technology to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and other pollutants by using electricity instead of petroleum, and byimproving electric system efficiency by providing vehicle-to-grid (V2G) services. We use an electric power system model to explicitly evaluate the change in generator dispatches resulting from PHEV deployment in the Texas grid, and apply fixed and non-parametric estimates of generator emissions rates, to estimate the resulting changes in generation emissions. We find that by using the flexibility of when vehicles may be charged, generator efficiency can be increased substantially. By changing generator dispatch, a PHEVfleet of up to 15% of light-duty vehicles can actually decrease net generator NOx emissions during the ozone season, despite the additional charging load. By adding V2G services, such as spinning reserves and energy storage, CO2, SO2, and NOx emissions can be reduced even further. PMID:19320180

Sioshansi, Ramteen; Denholm, Paul

2009-02-15

198

SMART-OLEV—An orbital life extension vehicle for servicing commercial spacecrafts in GEO  

Microsoft Academic Search

Orbital Satellite Services Limited (OSSL) is a satellite servicing company that is developing an orbit life extension vehicle (OLEV) to extend the operational lifetime of geostationary satellites. The industrial consortium of SSC (Sweden), Kayser-Threde (Germany) and Sener (Spain) is in charge to develop and industrialize the space and ground segment. It is a fully commercial program with support of several

Clemens Kaiser; Fredrik Sjöberg; Juan Manuel Delcura; Baard Eilertsen

2008-01-01

199

Operations Research Models for the Deployment of Emergency Services Vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is a review of the development and current state of the art in operations research for deployment and planning analysis pertaining to Emergency Medical Services and Fire Departments. These public safety systems have received a great deal of attention in the operations research community since they provide important services to people and the problems are amenable to mathematical

Jeffrey B. Goldberg

200

Ariane transfer vehicle in service of man in orbit  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Ariane transfer vehicle (ATV), an Ariane 5 borne, unmanned propulsion vehicle, is designed to transport the logistics needed to resupply the International Space Station (ISS) and the man tended free flyer (MTFF) step 2 with pressurized and unpressurized cargo and to dispose the waste. The ATV is an expendable vehicle and is disposed of by a safe atmospheric burn up. In accordance with the AR5 schedule it should be operational in 1996 for missions toward ISS and beyond the year 2000 for MTFF 2 missions. The main constituents of the proposed ATV are the modified AR5 third stage L5, an upgraded VEB steering the launcher as well as the ATV and the P/L-adaptor providing mechanical and umbilical links to the payload. The mechanical part of the RVD-kit will be placed on the payload-module, the main RVD sensors are located on the adaptor and the needed computer intelligence will be integrated on the VEB. To minimize the development, and recurring costs, the ATV concept fully complies to the idea of maximum use of existing hardware and software, mainly from the AR5, Hermes and Columbus programs thus minimizing development and recurring costs. The ATV is compatible to ISS, MTFF and OMV and is able to transport logistic modules compatible with NSTS and U.S.-expendable launchers.

Deutscher, N.; Schefold, K.; Cougnet, C.

201

National Child Passenger Safety Week--February 8-14, 1998.  

PubMed

February 8-14 is National Child Passenger Safety Week. During 1996, a total of 1701 children aged <15 years died as passengers in motor-vehicle crashes in the United States (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration [NHTSA], unpublished data, 1996). This week focuses on efforts to improve the safety of children riding in motor vehicles. Several specific actions should be taken to help reduce injuries and death among child passengers. PMID:9461048

1998-01-30

202

Proceedings and findings of the 1976 Workshop on Ride Quality. [passenger acceptance of transportation systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The workshop was organized around the study of the three basic transfer functions required to evaluate and/or predict passenger acceptance of transportation systems: These are the vehicle, passenger, and value transfer functions. For the purpose of establishing working groups corresponding to the basic transfer functions, it was decided to split the vehicle transfer function into two distinct groups studying surface vehicles and air/marine vehicles, respectively.

Kuhlthau, A. R. (editor)

1976-01-01

203

Appropriate analysis of CIREN data: Using NASS-CDS to reduce bias in estimation of injury risk factors in passenger vehicle crashes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Crash Injury Research Engineering Network (CIREN) database contains detailed medical and crash information on a large number of severely injured occupants in motor vehicle crashes. CIREN's major limitation for stand-alone analyses to explore injury risk factors is that control subjects without a given injury type must have another severe injury to be included in the database. This leads to

Michael R. Elliott; Alexa Resler; Carol A. Flannagan; Jonathan D. Rupp

2010-01-01

204

Analysis of passenger acceptance of commercial flights having characteristics similar to STOL  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Previous work in the development of quantitative models for the prediction of passenger reaction to motion and vehicle environment parameters in flight was extended to include a class of aircraft appropriate for low-density, short-haul service. The results indicate that it is possible to obtain quantitative response inputs from an usually small special test-subject group which will be representative of the general traveling public. Additional data which indicate the importance of comfort as a factor in evaluating ride quality was obtained, and identification of the factors which contribute to judgments regarding comfort level was improved. Seat comfort and seat spacing is very vital in the smaller aircraft. Mathematical modeling applied in conjuction with passenger reaction data was shown to be very useful for establishing ride-quality design criteria.

Kuhlthau, A. R.; Jacobson, I. D.

1973-01-01

205

MAC for ad-hoc inter-vehicle network: services and performance  

E-print Network

MAC for ad-hoc inter-vehicle network: services and performance Flaminio Borgonovo+, Luca Campelli representing the ad-hoc network, OH- clusters are maximum-cardinality sub-graphs where all nodes are connected. ADHOC MAC has been devised to provide a reliable single hop broadcast channel overcoming the hidden

Borgonovo, Flaminio

206

41 CFR 102-34.320 - What Government-issued charge cards may I use to purchase fuel and motor vehicle related services?  

...Government-issued charge cards may I use to purchase fuel and motor vehicle related services? 102-34.320 Section...MANAGEMENT REGULATION PERSONAL PROPERTY 34-MOTOR VEHICLE MANAGEMENT Motor Vehicle Fueling § 102-34.320 What...

2014-01-01

207

41 CFR 102-34.320 - What Government-issued charge cards may I use to purchase fuel and motor vehicle related services?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Government-issued charge cards may I use to purchase fuel and motor vehicle related services? 102-34.320 Section...MANAGEMENT REGULATION PERSONAL PROPERTY 34-MOTOR VEHICLE MANAGEMENT Motor Vehicle Fueling § 102-34.320 What...

2010-07-01

208

A study of commercial vehicle safety alliance's out-of-service criteria.  

PubMed

This paper summarizes a two-phase project that reviewed the Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance's out-of-service criteria for vehicles. The first phase examined relevant background information and conducted a questionnaire survey of CVSA inspectors and industry representatives. The second phase of the project involved extensive collection and evaluation of accident data. The results of both phases show a high level of support, in terms of contribution to vehicle accidents, for four of the vehicle criteria (regarding brakes, load securement, tires, and wheels and rims). There was some support for coupling devices, fuel systems, lighting devices, steering and suspension. The support for the remaining vehicle criteria (exhaust systems, frames, van and open top trailer bodies, and windshield wipers) was little to none. Further research continuing the study of accident data is recommended to confirm these findings. However, the data must be collected in a consistent and detailed manner if accurate information on the relationship of accidents and vehicle criteria is to be established. PMID:9542545

Randhawa, S U; Miller, S G; Bell, C A; Montagne, P E

1998-01-01

209

Small passenger car transmission test: Dodge Omni A-404 transmission  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The small passenger car transmission test was initiated to supply electric vehicle manufacturers with technical information regarding the performance of commercially available transmissions. This transmission was tested in accordance with a passenger car automatic transmission test code (SAE J65lb) which required drive performance, coast performance, and no load test conditions. Under these test conditions, the transmission attained maximum efficiencies in the mid eighty percent range for both drive performance test and coast performance tests.

Bujold, M. P.

1980-01-01

210

Passengers in containers  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A futuristic vision of future passenger and cargo transport is presented. To speed up lengthy transit operations, passengers would be accomodated in comfortable, compartment-like containers. Several diagrams show how such containers can be accomodated aboard an aircraft or a helicopter, on a truck, or in a railroad car. A system would result in great economy in both cost and time. Of particular importance is such a system for cargo traffic.

Tarkhanovskiy, V.

1977-01-01

211

77 FR 65352 - Make Inoperative Exemptions; Vehicle Modifications To Accommodate People With Disabilities...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...private motor vehicles for mobility- impaired drivers or passengers...into the vehicle. The transfer...Thus, for vehicles in which...three rows of vehicles, which among...ejection. Vehicle manufacturing...person in the driver's...

2012-10-26

212

Real-time measurements of SO2, H2CO, and CH4 emissions from in-use curbside passenger buses in New York City using a chase vehicle.  

PubMed

The Aerodyne Mobile Laboratory "chased" in-use curbside passenger buses operated by various operators in New York City. With the cooperation of New York State's Metropolitan Transit Authority, the relationships between the emissions of the several gas-phase species and particulate loadings were investigated across several bus technologies, bus types, and fuels (diesel, ultralow sulfur diesel, and compressed natural gas, CNG). The CNG buses followed did not employ an oxidation catalyst. The buses characterized were not prescreened in any fashion and were measured while deployed on their normal in-service routes. This paper focuses on the fuel-based mass emissions of SO2, H2CO, and CH4, measured using tunable infrared laser differential absorption spectroscopy. Sulfur dioxide emissions from buses known to be burning ultralow sulfur diesel (<30 ppm(m) S) were 16 times lower than those from buses burning normal commercial diesel fuel, nominally less than 300 ppm(m) sulfur. Emissions of formaldehyde and methane from in-use CNG buses were approximately 15 times greater than those from diesel powered buses. PMID:16295865

Herndon, Scott C; Shorter, Joanne H; Zahniser, Mark S; Wormhoudt, Joda; Nelson, David D; Demerjian, Kenneth L; Kolb, Charles E

2005-10-15

213

A Service-Based Architecture for In-Vehicle Telematics Systems D. Reilly and A. Taleb-Bendiab  

E-print Network

A Service-Based Architecture for In-Vehicle Telematics Systems D. Reilly and A. Taleb-Bendiab {D Telematics Systems (IVTS) [1]. These relatively new systems have the potential to deliver computing. Introduction In-Vehicle Telematics Systems (IVTS) combine mobile computing and telecommunications technologies

Taleb-Bendiab, A.

214

77 FR 33098 - Hours of Service of Drivers of Commercial Motor Vehicles; Regulatory Guidance for Oilfield Exception  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration 49 CFR...Hours of Service of Drivers of Commercial Motor Vehicles; Regulatory Guidance for Oilfield Exception AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration...

2012-06-05

215

77 FR 57068 - Hours of Service of Drivers of Commercial Motor Vehicles; Regulatory Guidance for Oil Field...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA...of Service of Drivers of Commercial Motor Vehicles; Regulatory Guidance for Oil Field Exception AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration...

2012-09-17

216

77 FR 46640 - Hours of Service of Drivers of Commercial Motor Vehicles; Regulatory Guidance for Oil Field...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration 49 CFR...of Service of Drivers of Commercial Motor Vehicles; Regulatory Guidance for Oil Field Exceptions AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration...

2012-08-06

217

48 CFR 1828.371 - Clauses for cross-waivers of liability for Space Shuttle services, Expendable Launch Vehicle (ELV...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Clauses for cross-waivers of liability for Space Shuttle services, Expendable Launch Vehicle (ELV) launches, and Space Station activities. 1828.371 Section...Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION GENERAL CONTRACTING...

2010-10-01

218

48 CFR 1828.371 - Clauses for cross-waivers of liability for Space Shuttle services, Expendable Launch Vehicle (ELV...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Clauses for cross-waivers of liability for Space Shuttle services, Expendable Launch Vehicle (ELV) launches, and Space Station activities. 1828.371 Section...Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION GENERAL CONTRACTING...

2012-10-01

219

48 CFR 1828.371 - Clauses for cross-waivers of liability for Space Shuttle services, Expendable Launch Vehicle (ELV...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Clauses for cross-waivers of liability for Space Shuttle services, Expendable Launch Vehicle (ELV) launches, and Space Station activities. 1828.371 Section...Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION GENERAL CONTRACTING...

2011-10-01

220

Transportation vehicle energy intensities. A joint DOT/NASA reference paper. [energy consumption of air and ground vehicles  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A compilation of data on the energy consumption of air and ground vehicles is presented. The ratio BTU/ASM, British Thermal Units/Available Seat Mile, is used to express vehicle energy intensiveness, and related to the energy consumed directly in producing seat-mile or ton-mile productivity. Data is presented on passenger and freight vehicles which are in current use or which are about to enter service, and advanced vehicles which may be operational in the 1980's and beyond. For the advanced vehicles, an estimate is given of the date of initial operational service, and the performance characteristics. Other key considerations in interpreting energy intensiveness for a given mode are discussed, such as: load factors, operations, overhead energy consumption, and energy investments in new structure and equipment.

Mascy, A. C.; Paullin, R. L.

1974-01-01

221

Aerodynamics of road vehicles  

SciTech Connect

This introduction to aerodynamic aspects of motor vehicle design will be of use both to vehicle designers and students of automobile engineering. Content covers vehicle systems, ventilation and aerodynamic design to reduce drag and increase stability of cars, commercial vehicles and PSVs. Topics considered include automobile aerodynamics; some fundamentals of fluid mechanics; performance of cars and light vans; aerodynamic drag of passenger cars; driving stability in sidewinds; operation, safety and comfort; high-performance vehicle aerodynamics; commercial vehicles; engine cooling systems; heating, ventilation and air conditioning of motor vehicles; wind tunnels for automobile aerodynamics; measuring and testing techniques; and numerical methods for computation of flow around road vehicles.

Hucho, W.H.

1987-01-01

222

Ride quality criteria. [transportation system interior and passenger response to environment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Ride quality refers to the interior or passenger environment of a transportation system as well as the passenger response to the environment. Ride quality factors are illustrated with the aid of a diagram presenting inputs to vehicle, the vehicle transfer function, the ride environment, the passenger response function, and the passenger ride response. The reported investigation considers the ride environment as measured on a variety of air and surface vehicles, the passenger response to the environment as determined from laboratory and field surveys, and criteria/standards for vibration, noise, and combined stimuli. Attention is given to the vertical vibration characteristics in cruise for aircraft and automobile, the aircraft vibration levels for various operating regimes, comparative noise levels during cruise, the discomfort level for a 9 Hz sinusoidal vibration, equal discomfort contours for vertical vibration, subjective response to noise in a speech situation, and noise and vibration levels for constant discomfort contours.

Stephens, D. G.

1977-01-01

223

NUMBER: VMPS 6.00 SECTION: Vehicle Management and Parking Services  

E-print Network

(USC) students, faculty, and staff of the guidelines governing vehicle insurance and all motor vehicle-2205 Web: www.irf.sc.gov B. Vehicle Accident The University requires that all state motor vehicle accidents. Procedure A. Motor Vehicle Accidents on Campus 1. When a vehicle accident or incident occurs, the vehicle

Almor, Amit

224

The observed effects of teenage passengers on the risky driving behavior of teenage drivers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The association between teenage passengers and crash risks among young drivers may be due to risky driving behavior. We investigated the effect on two measures of risky driving in the presence of young male and female passengers. Vehicles exiting from parking lots at 10 high schools were observed and the occupants were identified by gender and age (teen or adult).

Bruce Simons-Morton; Neil Lerner; Jeremiah Singer

2005-01-01

225

Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service Procedures 24.01.01.X0.02 Motor Vehicle Accident Reports  

E-print Network

Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service Procedures 24.01.01.X0.02 Motor Vehicle Accident Reports 25, 2014 Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service Procedures 24.01.01.X0.02 Motor Vehicle Accident a motor vehicle accident. Brochures and forms are available on the agency Web site at: http

226

78 FR 48125 - Inspection, Repair, and Maintenance; Driver-Vehicle Inspection Report  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...requirement for drivers of passenger- carrying vehicles to complete...passenger-carrying vehicles subject to FMCSA's...include reports of vehicle defects and...to identify vehicles in need of repair...evidence by a new driver of a vehicle that a...

2013-08-07

227

Passengers' Airport Choice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modelling airport choice of passengers has been a subject of interest for air transport scientists and airport managers already for a while. Wilken, Berster and Gelhausen have reported of a market segment specific model approach to airport choice in Germany in a paper entitled \\

Marc Christopher Gelhausen

2007-01-01

228

Passenger Pigeons: Nomads Lost  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Science NetLinks lesson, developed by two scientists, is aimed at helping students understand the concept and implications of extinction using the example of the Passenger Pigeon, once an extremely abundant species that was completely eliminated by humans. Students will also discover that technologies that were seemingly unrelated to the loss of the bird were actually central to its extinction.

Science Netlinks;

2003-07-11

229

Data Query at the AFDC: Using Oracle Data Query to Access Vehicle Demonstration Data at the Alternative Fuels Data Center  

SciTech Connect

Through funding by the Office of Alternative Fuels of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the Alternative Fuels Data Center (AFDC) at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) collects operating data from alternative-fueled vehicles. These vehicles include passenger sedans and light trucks (light-duty vehicles) operating within the federal fleet; heavy-duty trucks operating in private, city, or state fleets and co-funded by DOE; and municipal transit buses operating in revenue service around the country. This document gives examples of accessing the light-duty vehicle data.

Wooley, R. J.

1994-11-01

230

An Investigation Into Aspects of Bus Design and Passenger Requirements  

Microsoft Academic Search

A two part investigation was undertaken by Leyland Vehicles Human Factors Group under contract to the Transport and Road Research Laboratory.Phase 1 of the project covered the physical capabilities of passengers and their design preferences, using a static wooden mock up of a bus floor layout and 200 elderly and disabled subjects. From a questionnaire on problems with bus usage,

B. M. BROOKS

1979-01-01

231

76 FR 28998 - Implementation of Revised Passenger Weight Standards for Existing Passenger Vessels  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Implementation of Revised Passenger Weight Standards for Existing Passenger Vessels...Implementation of Revised Passenger Weight Standards for Existing Passenger Vessels...prior to a change in the assumed average weight per person standard that will become...

2011-05-19

232

Methods for analysis of passenger trip performance in a complex networked transportation system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of the Air Transportation System (ATS) is to provide safe and efficient transportation service of passengers and cargo. The on-time performance of a passenger's trip is a critical performance measurement of the Quality of Service (QOS) provided by any Air Transportation System. QOS has been correlated with airline profitability, productivity, customer loyalty and customer satisfaction (Heskett et al. 1994). Btatu and Barnhart have shown that official government and airline on-time performance metrics (i.e. flight-centric measures of air transportation) fail to accurately reflect the passenger experience (Btatu and Barnhart, 2005). Flight-based metrics do not include the trip delays accrued by passengers who were re-booked due to cancelled flights or missed connections. Also, flight-based metrics do not quantify the magnitude of the delay (only the likelihood) and thus fails to provide the consumer with a useful assessment of the impact of a delay. Passenger-centric metrics have not been developed because of the unavailability of airline proprietary data, which is also protected by anti-trust collusion concerns and civil liberty privacy restrictions. Moveover, the growth of the ATS is trending out of the historical range. The objectives of this research were to (1) estimate ATS-wide passenger trip delay using publicly accessible flight data, and (2) investigate passenger trip dynamics out of the range of historical data by building a passenger flow simulation model to predict impact on passenger trip time given anticipated changes in the future. The first objective enables researchers to conduct historical analysis on passenger on-time performance without proprietary itinerary data, and the second objective enables researchers to conduct experiments outside the range of historic data. The estimated passenger trip delay was for 1,030 routes between the 35 busiest airports in the United States in 2006. The major findings of this research are listed as follows: 1. High passenger trip delays are disproportionately generated by cancelled flights and missed connections. Passengers scheduled on cancelled flights or missed connections represent 3 percent of total enplanements, but generated 45 percent of total passenger trip delay. On average, passengers scheduled on cancelled flights experienced 607 minutes delay, and passengers who missed the connections experienced 341 minutes delay in 2006. The heavily skewed distribution of passenger trip delay reveals the fact that a small proportion of passengers experience heavy delays, which can not be reflected by flight-based performance metrics. 2. Trend analysis for passenger trip delays from 2000 to 2006 shows the increase in flight operations slowed down and leveled off in 2006, while enplanements kept increasing. This is due to the continuous increase in load factor. Load factor has increased from 69% in 2003 to 80% in 2006. Passenger performance is very sensitive to changes in flight operations: annual total passenger trip delay was increased by 17% and 7% from 2004 to 2005, and from 2005 to 2006, while flight operations barely increased (0.5% from 2004 to 2005, and no increase from 2005 to 2006) during the same time period. 3. Passenger trip delay is shown to have an asymmetric performance of passenger trip delay in terms of routes. Seventeen percent of the 1030 routes generated 50 percent of total passenger trip delays. An interesting observation is that routes between the New York metropolitan area and the Washington D.C. metropolitan area have the highest average passenger trip delays in the system. 4. In terms of airports, there is also an asymmetric performance of passenger trip delay. Nine of the 35 busiest airports generated 50 percent of total passenger trip delays. Some airports, especially major hubs, impact the passenger trip delays significantly more than others. Recognition of this asymmetric performance can help reduce the total passenger trip delay propagation in the air transportation network by making changes primarily in major airports, such as Atla

Wang, Danyi

233

Vehicle Monitor System for Public Transport Management Based on Embedded Technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, a solution of monitor system of Public Transport operation vehicles is presented for realizing intelligent management of public transport. The system adopts ARM and embedded Linux operation system as the development platform, and integrates GPS (Global Position System) technology, GPRS (General Packet Radio Service) technology and embedded technology and so on. The paper mainly completed the design of hardware circuit and transplantation of embedded Linux operating system on S3C2410 chip. The system realized location tracking, communication scheduling, stops broadcasting, video monitoring, and intelligent passenger counting of public transport vehicles. The result of experiment showed that the system could improve the operation efficiency of public transport vehicles.

Li, Guilin; Zhang, Deying; Zeng, Jie; Chen, Shaohua

234

SMART-OLEV—An orbital life extension vehicle for servicing commercial spacecrafts in GEO  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Orbital Satellite Services Limited (OSSL) is a satellite servicing company that is developing an orbit life extension vehicle (OLEV) to extend the operational lifetime of geostationary satellites. The industrial consortium of SSC (Sweden), Kayser-Threde (Germany) and Sener (Spain) is in charge to develop and industrialize the space and ground segment. It is a fully commercial program with support of several space agencies during the development phase. The business plan is based on life extension for high value commercial satellites while also providing the satellite operators with various fleet management services such as graveyard burns, slot transfers and on orbit protection against replacement satellite or launch failures. The OLEV spacecraft will be able to dock with a geostationary satellite and uses an electrical propulsion system to extend its life by taking over the attitude control and station keeping functions. The OLEV system is building on the SMART-1 platform developed by Swedish Space Corporation. It was developed for ESA as a technology test-bed to demonstrate the use of electrical propulsion for interplanetary orbit transfer manoeuvres. The concept is called SMART-OLEV and takes advantage of the low cost, low mass SMART-1 platform by a maximum use of recurrent platform technology.

Kaiser, Clemens; Sjöberg, Fredrik; Delcura, Juan Manuel; Eilertsen, Baard

2008-07-01

235

Real-Time Monitoring System Using Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Integrated with Sensor Observation Service  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) is an emerging technology being adapted for a wide range of applications. Real-time monitoring is essential to enhance the effectiveness of UAV applications. Sensor networks are networks constructed from various sensor nodes. International standard such as OGC's SOS (Sensor Observation Service) makes it possible to share sensor data with other systems as well as to provide accessibility to globally distributed users. In this paper, we propose a system combining UAV technology and sensor network technology to use an UAV as a mobile node of sensor network so that the sensor data from UAV is published and shared real-time. A UAV can extend the observation range of a sensor network to remote areas where it is usually difficult to access such as disaster area. We constructed a UAV system using remote-controlled helicopter and various sensors such as GPS, gyrocompass, laser range finder, Digital camera and Thermometer. Furthermore, we extended the Sensor Observation Service (SOS) and Sensor Service Grid (SSG) to support mobile sensor nodes. Then, we conducted experiments of flying the helicopter over an area of the interest. During the flight, the system measured environmental data using its sensors and captured images of the ground. The data was sent to a SOS node as the ground station via Wi-Fi which was published using SSG to give real- time access to globally distributed users.

Witayangkurn, A.; Nagai, M.; Honda, K.; Dailey, M.; Shibasaki, R.

2011-09-01

236

Thermal Analysis on Plume Heating of the Main Engine on the Crew Exploration Vehicle Service Module  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The crew exploration vehicle (CEV) service module (SM) main engine plume heating is analyzed using multiple numerical tools. The chemical equilibrium compositions and applications (CEA) code is used to compute the flow field inside the engine nozzle. The plume expansion into ambient atmosphere is simulated using an axisymmetric space-time conservation element and solution element (CE/SE) Euler code, a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software. The thermal analysis including both convection and radiation heat transfers from the hot gas inside the engine nozzle and gas radiation from the plume is performed using Thermal Desktop. Three SM configurations, Lockheed Martin (LM) designed 604, 605, and 606 configurations, are considered. Design of multilayer insulation (MLI) for the stowed solar arrays, which is subject to plume heating from the main engine, among the passive thermal control system (PTCS), are proposed and validated.

Wang, Xiao-Yen J.; Yuko, James R.

2007-01-01

237

A model and predictive scale of passenger ride discomfort  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A model to define the interrelationship of the various factors (vibratory and nonvibratory) important to passenger comfort, in realistic transport vehicle vibration environments was developed. The model represents: (1) a framework for the investigation of comfort within diverse transportation vehicles; (2) a mechanism for the development of a scale of comfort; (3) a mechanism through which design criteria can be obtained for improving the rideability of current and future transportation vehicles; and (4) a tool for obtaining information for the maximization of passenger ride quality, based upon sociological and psychological information. The application of the model is based upon the computational steps necessary for derivation of the comfort scale. The emphasis within the scale is upon the summation of comfort units; the summation being obtained through the use of appropriately determined factors, both within and between axes.

Dempsey, T. K.

1974-01-01

238

78 FR 74225 - Decision That Certain Nonconforming Motor Vehicles Are Eligible for Importation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NHTSA-2013-0064 Nonconforming Vehicles: 1988-1996 Alpine B10 Series Passenger Cars Because there are no substantially similar U.S.--certified version 1988-1996 Alpine B10 Series Passenger Cars the petitioner sought import...

2013-12-10

239

76 FR 77183 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Theft Protection and Rollaway Prevention  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...business manufacturers of passenger vehicles subject to the proposed requirements. These small U.S. businesses, which include Tesla, manufacture specialty passenger cars which serve niche markets. I hereby certify that this proposed rule would not...

2011-12-12

240

Passenger aircraft cabin air quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background Pressurization of aircraft passenger cabins in the 1940s permitted operation at higher ceilings. This substantially reduced aircraft drag, decreasing fuel costs by 38% (at 30,000 ft, 9140 m, compared to at sea level), but pressurization of the outside air required for ventilation adds up to 2% to fuel costs. Today some 50% of commercial passenger aircraft use recirculated air

Martin B. Hocking

2000-01-01

241

Definition of technology development missions for early space stations orbit transfer vehicle serving. Phase 2, task 1: Space station support of operational OTV servicing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Representative space based orbital transfer vehicles (OTV), ground based vehicle turnaround assessment, functional operational requirements and facilities, mission turnaround operations, a comparison of ground based versus space based tasks, activation of servicing facilities prior to IOC, fleet operations requirements, maintenance facilities, OTV servicing facilities, space station support requirements, and packaging for delivery are discussed.

1983-01-01

242

14 CFR 382.113 - What services are carriers not required to provide to passengers with a disability on board the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01... Section 382.113 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT...NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY IN AIR TRAVEL Services on Aircraft §...

2011-01-01

243

14 CFR 382.113 - What services are carriers not required to provide to passengers with a disability on board the...  

14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01... Section 382.113 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT...NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY IN AIR TRAVEL Services on Aircraft §...

2014-01-01

244

14 CFR 382.113 - What services are carriers not required to provide to passengers with a disability on board the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01... Section 382.113 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT...NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY IN AIR TRAVEL Services on Aircraft §...

2012-01-01

245

14 CFR 382.113 - What services are carriers not required to provide to passengers with a disability on board the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01... Section 382.113 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT...NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY IN AIR TRAVEL Services on Aircraft §...

2013-01-01

246

14 CFR 382.113 - What services are carriers not required to provide to passengers with a disability on board the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01... Section 382.113 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT...NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY IN AIR TRAVEL Services on Aircraft §...

2010-01-01

247

75 FR 27934 - Qualified Nonpersonal Use Vehicles  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...that, in the case of a vehicle described in Sec. 1...8), the use of the vehicle conforms to the requirements...qualified nonpersonal use vehicles. In general, a working...is available to the driver and all passengers of a qualified nonpersonal use vehicle. However, a...

2010-05-19

248

Definition of technology development missions for early space station, orbit transfer vehicle servicing. Volume 1: Executive summary  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Orbital Transfer Vehicle (OTV) servicing study scope, propellant transfer, storage and reliquefaction technology development missions (TDM), docking and berthing TDM, maintenance TDM, OTV/payload integration TDM, combined TDMS design, summary space station accomodations, programmatic analysis, and TDM equipment operational usage are discussed.

1983-01-01

249

Danyi Wang and Dr. Lance Sherry 1 Trend Analysis of Airline Passenger Trip Delays  

E-print Network

Danyi Wang and Dr. Lance Sherry 1 Trend Analysis of Airline Passenger Trip Delays Danyi Wang (Ph. This paper describes an analysis of the trends in passenger trip time for 2004 and 2005. The analysis proven to be a significant factor in the service-profit chain that drives airline profitability

250

49 CFR 176.172 - Structural serviceability of freight containers and vehicles carrying Class 1 (explosive...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...containers and vehicles carrying Class 1 (explosive) materials on...offered for the carriage of Class 1 (explosive) materials...transport vehicle is packed with Class 1 (explosive) materials...walls and floors are free from protrusions. (2) Structurally...

2010-10-01

251

49 CFR 176.172 - Structural serviceability of freight containers and vehicles carrying Class 1 (explosive...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...containers and vehicles carrying Class 1 (explosive) materials on ships. 176.172 ...Detailed Requirements for Class 1 (Explosive) Materials Cargo Transport Units and...containers and vehicles carrying Class 1 (explosive) materials on ships. (a)...

2012-10-01

252

49 CFR 176.172 - Structural serviceability of freight containers and vehicles carrying Class 1 (explosive...  

...containers and vehicles carrying Class 1 (explosive) materials on ships. 176.172 ...Detailed Requirements for Class 1 (Explosive) Materials Cargo Transport Units and...containers and vehicles carrying Class 1 (explosive) materials on ships. (a)...

2014-10-01

253

49 CFR 176.172 - Structural serviceability of freight containers and vehicles carrying Class 1 (explosive...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...containers and vehicles carrying Class 1 (explosive) materials on ships. 176.172 ...Detailed Requirements for Class 1 (Explosive) Materials Cargo Transport Units and...containers and vehicles carrying Class 1 (explosive) materials on ships. (a)...

2013-10-01

254

48 CFR 51.204 - Use of interagency fleet management system (IFMS) vehicles and related services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Use of interagency fleet management system (IFMS) vehicles and related...Contractor Use of Interagency Fleet Management System (IFMS) 51.204 Use of interagency fleet management system (IFMS) vehicles and...

2010-10-01

255

48 CFR 51.204 - Use of interagency fleet management system (IFMS) vehicles and related services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Use of interagency fleet management system (IFMS) vehicles and related...Contractor Use of Interagency Fleet Management System (IFMS) 51.204 Use of interagency fleet management system (IFMS) vehicles and...

2011-10-01

256

48 CFR 51.204 - Use of interagency fleet management system (IFMS) vehicles and related services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Use of interagency fleet management system (IFMS) vehicles and related...Contractor Use of Interagency Fleet Management System (IFMS) 51.204 Use of interagency fleet management system (IFMS) vehicles and...

2013-10-01

257

48 CFR 51.204 - Use of interagency fleet management system (IFMS) vehicles and related services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Use of interagency fleet management system (IFMS) vehicles and related...Contractor Use of Interagency Fleet Management System (IFMS) 51.204 Use of interagency fleet management system (IFMS) vehicles and...

2012-10-01

258

Natural environmental service support to NASA vehicle, technology, and sensor development programs  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The research performed under this contract involved definition of the natural environmental parameters affecting the design, development, and operation of space and launch vehicles. The Universities Space Research Association (USRA) provided the manpower and resources to accomplish the following tasks: defining environmental parameters critical for design, development, and operation of launch vehicles; defining environmental forecasts required to assure optimal utilization of launch vehicles; and defining orbital environments of operation and developing models on environmental parameters affecting launch vehicle operations.

1993-01-01

259

Costs and Emissions Associated with Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Charging in the Xcel Energy Colorado Service Territory  

SciTech Connect

The combination of high oil costs, concerns about oil security and availability, and air quality issues related to vehicle emissions are driving interest in plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). PHEVs are similar to conventional hybrid electric vehicles, but feature a larger battery and plug-in charger that allows electricity from the grid to replace a portion of the petroleum-fueled drive energy. PHEVs may derive a substantial fraction of their miles from grid-derived electricity, but without the range restrictions of pure battery electric vehicles. As of early 2007, production of PHEVs is essentially limited to demonstration vehicles and prototypes. However, the technology has received considerable attention from the media, national security interests, environmental organizations, and the electric power industry. The use of PHEVs would represent a significant potential shift in the use of electricity and the operation of electric power systems. Electrification of the transportation sector could increase generation capacity and transmission and distribution (T&D) requirements, especially if vehicles are charged during periods of high demand. This study is designed to evaluate several of these PHEV-charging impacts on utility system operations within the Xcel Energy Colorado service territory.

Parks, K.; Denholm, P.; Markel, T.

2007-05-01

260

NUMBER: VMPS 2.00 (Formerly LESA 2.03) SECTION: Vehicle Management and Parking Services  

E-print Network

conditions: a. if the motor vehicle is parked in a fire lane or at a fire hydrant b. if the motor vehicle as to block a curb cut or access aisle for the handicapped; c. if the motor vehicle is parked on a yellow curb

Almor, Amit

261

49 CFR 176.93 - Vehicles having refrigerating or heating equipment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...transport vehicles having refrigerating or heating equipment operated by internal combustion engines which will permit ready diffusion of exhaust gases to the open air. Passenger vehicles may not be stowed in a position adjacent to vehicles operating...

2012-10-01

262

Intercity Passenger Rail Federal Funding presented by  

E-print Network

Intercity Passenger Rail ­ Federal Funding Process presented by: Minnesota Department of Transportation Passenger Rail Office #12;Passenger Rail Investment and Improvement (PRIIA) ·! Enacted October 2008 ·! Reauthorized Amtrak ·! Focused on current intercity passenger rail ­! Long distance routes

Minnesota, University of

263

Increased risk of driver fatality due to unrestrained rear-seat passengers in severe frontal crashes.  

PubMed

While belt usage among rear-seat passengers is disproportionately lower than their front-seat counterpart, this may have serious consequences in the event of a crash not only for the unbelted rear-seat passenger but also for the front-seat passengers as well. To quantify that effect, the objective of the study is to evaluate the increased likelihood of driver fatality in the presence of unrestrained rear-seat passengers in a severe frontal collision. U.S.-based census data from 2001 to 2009 fatal motor vehicle crashes was used to enroll frontal crashes which involved 1998 or later year vehicle models with belted drivers and at least one adult passenger in the rear left seat behind the driver. Results using multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that the odds of a belt restrained driver sustaining a fatal injury was 137% (95% CI=95%, 189%) higher when the passenger behind the driver was unbelted in comparison to a belted case while the effects of driver age, sex, speed limit, vehicle body type, airbag deployment and driver ejection were controlled in the model. The likelihood of driver fatality due to an unrestrained rear left passenger increased further (119-197%) in the presence of additional unrestrained rear seat passengers in the rear middle or right seats. The results from the study highlight the fact that future advances to front row passive safety systems (e.g. multi-stage airbag deployment) must be adapted to take into account the effect of unrestrained rear-seat passengers. PMID:23411155

Bose, Dipan; Arregui-Dalmases, Carlos; Sanchez-Molina, David; Velazquez-Ameijide, Juan; Crandall, Jeff

2013-04-01

264

Vehicle Design Validation via Remote Vehicle Diagnosis: A feasibility study on battery management system  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, passenger vehicle product development faces great challenges to maintain high vehicle quality due to the proliferation of Electronics, Control and Software (ECS) features and the resultant system complexity. Quickly detecting and trouble-shooting faults of integrated vehicle systems during the validation stage in a key to enhancing vehicle quality. In this paper, we present a feasibilty study of

Yilu Zhang; Gary W. Gantt Jr; Mark Rychlinski; Ryan Edwards; John Correia; Calvin Wolf

2008-01-01

265

3-D numerical and experimental analysis for airflow within a passenger compartment  

Microsoft Academic Search

People use cars so frequently that they always consider the air-conditioning, and thermal comfort of the driver and passenger\\u000a when buying a new car. Therefore accurate simulation of the thermal performance of automobile air conditioners to improve\\u000a human comfort has become increasingly important. In order to improve the thermal comfort of passengers, 3-D flow motion and\\u000a thermal behavior within vehicles

C.-H. Chien; J.-Y. Jang; Y.-H. Chen; S.-C. Wu

2008-01-01

266

The seeing passenger car 'VaMoRs-P'  

Microsoft Academic Search

A passenger car Mercedes 500 SEL has been equipped with vision in the framework of the EUREKA-project 'Pometheus III'. Road and object recognition is performed both in a look-ahead and in a look-back region; this allows an internal servo-maintained representation of the entire situation around the vehicle using the 4D approach to dynamic machine vision. Obstacles are detected and tracked

E. D. Dickmanns; R. Behringer; D. Dickmanns; T. Hildebrandt; M. Maurer; F. Thomanek; J. Schiehlen

1994-01-01

267

75 FR 13337 - Notice of Passenger Facility Charge (PFC) Approvals and Disapprovals  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...building. Improve service road with fencing and gates. PFC application and administrative fees. Decision Date: December 8, 2010. For Further...terminal. Replace passenger boarding bridges (gates 1 and 4). Update airport layout plan and...

2010-03-19

268

The effect of male teenage passengers on male teenage drivers: findings from a driving simulator study  

PubMed Central

Studies have shown that teenage drivers are less attentive, more frequently exhibit risky driving behavior, and have a higher fatal crash risk in the presence of peers. The effects of direct peer pressure and conversation on young drivers have been examined. Little is known about the impact on driving performance of the presence of a non-interacting passenger and subtle modes of peer influence, such as perceived social norms. The goal of this study was to examine if teenagers would engage in more risky driving practices and be less attentive in the presence of a passenger (vs. driving alone) as well as with a risk-accepting (vs. risk-averse) passenger. A confederate portrayed the passenger's characteristics mainly by his non-verbal attitude. The relationship between driver characteristics and driving behavior in the presence of a passenger was also examined. Thirty-six male participants aged 16-17 years old were randomly assigned to drive with a risk-accepting or risk-averse passenger. Main outcomes included speed, headway, gap acceptance, eye glances at hazards, and horizontal eye movement. Driver characteristics such as tolerance of deviance, susceptibility to peer pressure, and self-esteem were measured. Compared to solo driving, the presence of a passenger was associated with significantly fewer eye glances at hazards and a trend for fewer horizontal eye movements. Contrary to the hypothesis, however, passenger presence was associated with a greater number of vehicles before initiating a left turn. Results also showed, contrary to the hypothesis, that participants with the risk-accepting passenger maintained significantly longer headway with the lead vehicle and engaged in more eye glances at hazards than participants with the risk-averse passenger. Finally, when driving with the passenger, earlier initiation of a left turn in a steady stream of oncoming vehicles was significantly associated with higher tolerance of deviance and susceptibility to peer pressure, while fewer eye glances at hazards was linked to lower self-esteem. While the results of this study were mixed, they suggest that the presence of a teenage passenger can affect some aspects of teenage driver behavior even in the absence of overt pressure and distraction. Results are discussed in relation to theoretical concepts of social influence and social facilitation models. PMID:23727554

Ouimet, Marie Claude; Pradhan, Anuj K.; Simons-Morton, Bruce G.; Divekar, Gautam; Mehranian, Hasmik; Fisher, Donald L.

2014-01-01

269

The effect of male teenage passengers on male teenage drivers: findings from a driving simulator study.  

PubMed

Studies have shown that teenage drivers are less attentive, more frequently exhibit risky driving behavior, and have a higher fatal crash risk in the presence of peers. The effects of direct peer pressure and conversation on young drivers have been examined. Little is known about the impact on driving performance of the presence of a non-interacting passenger and subtle modes of peer influence, such as perceived social norms. The goal of this study was to examine if teenagers would engage in more risky driving practices and be less attentive in the presence of a passenger (vs. driving alone) as well as with a risk-accepting (vs. risk-averse) passenger. A confederate portrayed the passenger's characteristics mainly by his non-verbal attitude. The relationship between driver characteristics and driving behavior in the presence of a passenger was also examined. Thirty-six male participants aged 16-17 years old were randomly assigned to drive with a risk-accepting or risk-averse passenger. Main outcomes included speed, headway, gap acceptance, eye glances at hazards, and horizontal eye movement. Driver characteristics such as tolerance of deviance, susceptibility to peer pressure, and self-esteem were measured. Compared to solo driving, the presence of a passenger was associated with significantly fewer eye glances at hazards and a trend for fewer horizontal eye movements. Contrary to the hypothesis, however, Passenger Presence was associated with waiting for a greater number of vehicles to pass before initiating a left turn. Results also showed, contrary to the hypothesis, that participants with the risk-accepting passenger maintained significantly longer headway with the lead vehicle and engaged in more eye glances at hazards than participants with the risk-averse passenger. Finally, when driving with the passenger, earlier initiation of a left turn in a steady stream of oncoming vehicles was significantly associated with higher tolerance of deviance and susceptibility to peer pressure, while fewer eye glances at hazards was linked to lower self-esteem. While the results of this study were mixed, they suggest that the presence of a teenage passenger can affect some aspects of teenage driver behavior even in the absence of overt pressure and distraction. Results are discussed in relation to theoretical concepts of social influence and social facilitation models. PMID:23727554

Ouimet, Marie Claude; Pradhan, Anuj K; Simons-Morton, Bruce G; Divekar, Gautam; Mehranian, Hasmik; Fisher, Donald L

2013-09-01

270

A Metaheuristic Method for the Multi Trip Vehicle Routing Problem Diego Cattaruzza, Nabil Absi, Dominique Feillet  

E-print Network

and noise pollution. Municipalities understood the need to take in consideration environmental issues of passengers and freight vehicles increased in urban areas causing traffic congestion and increasing air

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

271

Vehicle intelligence and implications for robotics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Significant progress has been made with regard to bringing vehicle intelligence (VI) technologies into passenger, commercial, and military ground vehicles. Very few of these technologies, however, directly impact vehicle control systems; and although the U.S. Department of Transportation's (DOT's) Automated Highway System (AHS) portion of its Intelligent Systems (ITS) Program, successfully demonstrated fully-automated driving in August, 1997, most of the

Helmut E. Knee; David J. Gorsich

2001-01-01

272

49 CFR 223.15 - Requirements for existing passenger cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Requirements for existing passenger cars. 223.15 Section 223.15 Transportation...GLAZING STANDARDS-LOCOMOTIVES, PASSENGER CARS AND CABOOSES Specific Requirements ...15 Requirements for existing passenger cars. (a) Passenger cars...

2013-10-01

273

49 CFR 223.15 - Requirements for existing passenger cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Requirements for existing passenger cars. 223.15 Section 223.15 Transportation...GLAZING STANDARDS-LOCOMOTIVES, PASSENGER CARS AND CABOOSES Specific Requirements ...15 Requirements for existing passenger cars. (a) Passenger cars...

2011-10-01

274

49 CFR 223.15 - Requirements for existing passenger cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Requirements for existing passenger cars. 223.15 Section 223.15 Transportation...GLAZING STANDARDS-LOCOMOTIVES, PASSENGER CARS AND CABOOSES Specific Requirements ...15 Requirements for existing passenger cars. (a) Passenger cars...

2010-10-01

275

49 CFR 223.15 - Requirements for existing passenger cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Requirements for existing passenger cars. 223.15 Section 223.15 Transportation...GLAZING STANDARDS-LOCOMOTIVES, PASSENGER CARS AND CABOOSES Specific Requirements ...15 Requirements for existing passenger cars. (a) Passenger cars...

2012-10-01

276

Fuel cell propulsion systems for small transportation vehicles  

SciTech Connect

Results are presented for small industrial vehicles, automobiles, and medium-sized trucks. Fuel cell systems were compared to competing technologies on economic and non-economic grounds. The criteria considered included capital cost, levelized life cycle cost, emissions and safety. The industrial vehicle used was a 1815 kg (4000-1b) capacity fork-lift truck. Indoor and outdoor cases were considered. Results indicate that fuel cells can compete at costs approximating their present costs. The automobile used was a five-passenger sedan in consumer and fleet operation. For competitiveness, fuel cell costs must drop to near or below minimum projected costs. The medium-sized truck considered was a 6800 kg (15,000-lb) GVW delivery van used by United Parcel Service. The fuel-cell is competitive at costs slightly below minimum projected costs. Capital costs for fuel-cell-powered automobiles and delivery vans are considerably higher than for ICE-powered vehicles.

Frank, J.A.; Altseimer, J.H.; Nochumson, D.H.

1983-08-01

277

75 FR 22532 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Cargo Carrying Capacity  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...000 pounds and a vehicle capacity weight...modifications, these vehicles are unlikely to...likely that the vehicle's load-carrying...needs of handicapped drivers or passengers usually...to the unloaded vehicle weight of the vehicle...applies to used vehicles as well as new...

2010-04-29

278

Applications of Automatic Vehicle Location systems towards improving service reliability and operations planning in London  

E-print Network

Technological advances in the transit industry, such as the introduction of Automatic Vehicle Location (AVL) systems, have provided agencies with robust data collection and measurement systems and enabled the development ...

Ehrlich, Joseph Emanuel

2010-01-01

279

14 CFR 91.1035 - Passenger awareness.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...have been orally briefed on— (1) Smoking: Each passenger must be briefed on when, where, and under what conditions smoking is prohibited. This briefing must...lighted passenger information signs and no smoking placards, prohibit smoking in...

2011-01-01

280

14 CFR 91.519 - Passenger briefing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...have been orally briefed on— (1) Smoking. Each passenger shall be briefed on when, where, and under what conditions smoking is prohibited. This briefing shall...lighted passenger information signs and no smoking placards, prohibit smoking in...

2011-01-01

281

14 CFR 91.519 - Passenger briefing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...have been orally briefed on— (1) Smoking. Each passenger shall be briefed on when, where, and under what conditions smoking is prohibited. This briefing shall...lighted passenger information signs and no smoking placards, prohibit smoking in...

2010-01-01

282

14 CFR 91.1035 - Passenger awareness.  

...have been orally briefed on— (1) Smoking: Each passenger must be briefed on when, where, and under what conditions smoking is prohibited. This briefing must...lighted passenger information signs and no smoking placards, prohibit smoking in...

2014-01-01

283

Motor Vehicle Record Procedure Objective  

E-print Network

Motor Vehicle Record Procedure Objective Outline the procedure for obtaining motor vehicle record (MVR) through Fleet Services. Vehicle Operator Policy 3. Operators with 7 or more points on their motor vehicle record

Kirschner, Denise

284

Consumer acceptance of electric vehicles  

SciTech Connect

The main objective of this study was to determine guidelines for the enhancement of consumers' perceptions to electric vehicles (EV). The specific objectives were to: expose the population of Potsdam, New York to an electric car, and to demonstrate its functioning; determine the relative importance of the different attributes of the electric car from the viewpoint of the potential consumer; and determine changes in consumers' perceptions after exposure to the car (and accompanying media coverage), as compared with their perceptions before exposure. An electric vehicle was ordered from a Florida firm whose officers absconded taking the vehicle downpayment and not delivering the EV. Subsequently the chief investigator of this project drove a rented EV for 5 months with survey respondents as passengers. The conclusions and recommendations of the study were: exposure to the EV and advertising positively affect its public acceptance; the high price is the most negative feature; energy tax credits would promote EV sales; and the most probable current use for EV's is in utility service fleets. (LCL)

Sethna, B.N.

1982-09-02

285

Since 1975, the fuel economy of passenger cars and light trucks has been regulated by the corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards,  

E-print Network

Since 1975, the fuel economy of passenger cars and light trucks has been regulated by the corporate in vehicle weight and correlated the decline in new car weight with about a 20% increase in occupant fuel economy of passenger cars and light trucks and highway fatalities are negative: higher miles per

286

14 CFR 125.217 - Passenger information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...visible to passengers and flight attendants to notify them when smoking is prohibited and when safety belts must be fastened. The... (b) No passenger or crewmember may smoke while any “No Smoking” sign is lighted nor may any passenger or crewmember...

2012-01-01

287

14 CFR 382.29 - May a carrier require a passenger with a disability to travel with a safety assistant?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...require a passenger with a disability to travel with a safety assistant? 382.29...NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY IN AIR TRAVEL Nondiscrimination and Access to Services...require a passenger with a disability to travel with a safety assistant? (a)...

2012-01-01

288

14 CFR 382.29 - May a carrier require a passenger with a disability to travel with a safety assistant?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...require a passenger with a disability to travel with a safety assistant? 382.29...NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY IN AIR TRAVEL Nondiscrimination and Access to Services...require a passenger with a disability to travel with a safety assistant? (a)...

2013-01-01

289

14 CFR 382.29 - May a carrier require a passenger with a disability to travel with a safety assistant?  

...require a passenger with a disability to travel with a safety assistant? 382.29...NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY IN AIR TRAVEL Nondiscrimination and Access to Services...require a passenger with a disability to travel with a safety assistant? (a)...

2014-01-01

290

The impact of high-speed rail and low-cost carriers on European air passenger traffic  

E-print Network

The impact of high-speed rail and low-cost carriers on European air passenger traffic Regina R-speed passenger rail service is often argued as a potentially effective, lower-carbon substitute for intercity air travel. Previous studies on high-speed rail on air travel in Europe and Asia have primarily examined

Gummadi, Ramakrishna

291

Stphane ROUJOL INFLUENCE OF PASSENGER  

E-print Network

The impact of the auxiliaries and particularly Air Conditioning on emissions (CO2, CO, HC, NOx, and particles (below 28°C) and with solar radiation. 14 Key Words Air Conditioning, auxiliary, emission, atmospheric pollutants, passenger car, climatic condition 15 Distribution statement limited X free 16 Nb of pages 56 17

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

292

The Cooperative Organization And Rural Passenger Transportation: An Approach to Community Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need for passenger transportation is widely recognized by rural communities. Shrinking federal funding has led many communities and human service agencies to experiment with innovative approaches to provide transportation services. One such approach is the use of cooperative organizations to provide needed services. A study conducted by the…

Stommes, Eileen S.

293

Estimation of Weight And Consumer Price Relating to the Implementation of FMVSS 201 in Passenger Cars and FMVSS 103 and 104 in Light Trucks.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The contractor conducted a program that provided estimates of consumer price and weight variance occurring on production passenger cars and light trucks in response to the following Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards. These standards were FMVSS-201--I...

R. Gladstone, M. R. Harvey, J. Lesczhik

1982-01-01

294

Crucial Issues in Logistic Planning for Electric Vehicle Battery Application Service  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on a brief introduction of typical battery features, several crucial issues in logistic planning for Electric Vehicle (EV) battery applications are discussed in this paper. The obvious issues include the access of battery charging stations, the accessibility of emergence swapping, and the monitoring of batteries at charging stations on network. Standardization of the battery and energy exchange technology would

Haiming Wang; Haifeng Xu; A. K. Jones

2010-01-01

295

Security through Traffic Network: Tracking of Missing Vehicles and Routing in TMIS using Semantic Web Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study highlights a security scenario involving vehicles in a Traffic Management and Information System (TMIS) network. TMIS and its nodal architecture Intelligent Junction (IJ) are summarized from recent work. Their design employs autonomous semantic agent-based software, sensor networks, and wire\\/wireless integrated communication infrastructure. Especially described are their essential functions crucial to aid security applications. A security scenario concerning tracing

Atilla Elçi; Behnam Rahnama; Amirhasan Amintabar

296

On the use of service oriented architectures for intelligent vehicle research and development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intelligent vehicles travelling on roads at high speed safely utilising sensors and communication can save time and protect lives. Influenced by the DARPA Grand Challenge and various other Intelligent Transportation System initiatives, new research results are being produced at an amazingly fast pace. The high rate of new technologies being introduced (e.g. hardware, control algorithms and behavioural sciences) presents an

Mong Leng Sin; Mélanie Bouroche; Vinny Cahill

2009-01-01

297

The effect of suburban train carriage design upon punctuality, ingress and egress occlusion and passenger comfort  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many suburban railway systems around the world are experiencing a rapid increase in patronage. While this is a welcome development as an alternative to road congestion, higher passenger densities particularly during peak times of the day have implications upon punctuality, crowding and the passenger perception of comfort.\\u000aThe authors suggest that station dwell times are a significant factor in service

Selby Coxon; Karen Burns; Arthur de Bono; Robert Napper

2009-01-01

298

Stabilizing a Vehicle near Rollover: An Analogy to Cart-Pole  

E-print Network

An analogy between the dynamics of a cart-pole system and vehicle rollover dynamics is used to derive a controller for tipping up and stabilizing a planar model of a passenger vehicle near rollover by controlling lateral ...

Peters, Steven Conrad

299

Modeling maglev passenger compartment static magnetic fields from linear Halbach permanent-magnet arrays  

Microsoft Academic Search

Passenger compartment magnetic field levels in a low-speed magnetic levitation (maglev) vehicle that uses linear Halbach permanent-magnet arrays for both levitation and propulsion are computed through superposition of fields due to patches of magnetization charge at surfaces where the magnetization is discontinuous. End effects due to the finite lengths of the arrays lead to fields that decay much less rapidly

James F. Hoburg

2004-01-01

300

Behavioral Skills Training to Improve Installation and Use of Child Passenger Safety Restraints  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The risk for serious injury and death to children during motor vehicle accidents can be greatly reduced through the correct use of child passenger safety restraints (CPSRs). Unfortunately, most CPSRs are installed or used incorrectly. This study examined the effectiveness of behavioral skills training (BST) to teach 10 participants to install…

Himle, Michael B.; Wright, Kalon A.

2014-01-01

301

76 FR 47078 - Make Inoperative Exemptions; Vehicle Modifications To Accommodate People With Disabilities, Head...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of available vehicle applications...of the TAS on vehicles, Bruno requested...to cover both driver and passenger...operated by a driver seated in a wheelchair...supplied with the vehicle for the driver; (ii) A motor vehicle is modified to...9)(i) For vehicles...

2011-08-04

302

48 CFR 252.251-7001 - Use of Interagency Fleet Management System (IFMS) vehicles and related services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Use of Interagency Fleet Management System (IFMS) vehicles and related...251-7001 Use of Interagency Fleet Management System (IFMS) vehicles and related... Use of Interagency Fleet Management System (IFMS) Vehicles and...

2010-10-01

303

49 CFR 1331.5 - Additional standards for retaining antitrust immunity by passenger bus industry rate bureaus.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) CARRIER RATES AND SERVICE TERMS APPLICATIONS...immunity by passenger bus industry rate bureaus. (a) Rate bureaus must comply with the...agreements, as approved by the Board. Failure to do so will result in lack...

2010-10-01

304

Airport electric vehicle powered by fuel cell  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nowadays, new technologies and breakthroughs in the field of energy efficiency, alternative fuels and added-value electronics are leading to bigger, more sustainable and green thinking applications. Within the Automotive Industry, there is a clear declaration of commitment with the environment and natural resources. The presence of passenger vehicles of hybrid architecture, public transport powered by cleaner fuels, non-aggressive utility vehicles

Pablo Fontela; Antonio Soria; Javier Mielgo; José Francisco Sierra; Juan de Blas; Lucia Gauchia; Juan M. Martínez

2007-01-01

305

US Advanced Freight and Passenger MAGLEV System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Japan and Germany will operate first generation Maglev passenger systems commercially shortly after 2000 A.D. The United States Maglev systems will require sophisticated freight and passenger carrying capability. The U.S. freight market is larger than passenger transport. A proposed advanced freight and passenger Maglev Project in Brevard County Florida is described. Present Maglev systems cost 30 million dollars or more per mile. Described is an advanced third generation Maglev system with technology improvements that will result in a cost of 10 million dollars per mile.

Morena, John J.; Danby, Gordon; Powell, James

1996-01-01

306

Airport Passenger Buildings D R A F T de Neufville & Belin Airport Passenger Buildings  

E-print Network

/operator of the major British airports), the Airports Corporation of South Africa, the SEA (Societa EserciziAirport Passenger Buildings D R A F T de Neufville & Belin 1 Airport Passenger Buildings and shared buffer facilities. Key Words: Airports, Passenger Buildings, Terminals, Design, Shared Use, Multi

Entekhabi, Dara

307

A Variable Dynamic Testbed Vehicle  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper describes the concept of a potential test vehicle for the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) that is designed to evaluate the dynamics, human factors, and safety aspects of advanced technologies in passenger class automobiles expected to be introduced as a result of the Intelligent Vehicle/Highway System (IVHS) Program. The Variable Dynamic Testbed Vehicle (VDTV) requirements were determined from the inputs of anticipated users and possible research needs of NHTSA. Design and implementation approaches are described, the benefits of the vehicle are discussed and costs for several options presented.

Marriott, A.

1995-01-01

308

Control system design for a parallel hybrid electric vehicle  

E-print Network

This thesis addresses the design of control systems for a parallel hybrid electric drive train which is an alternative to conventional passenger vehicles. The principle components of the drive train are a small internal combustion engine...

Buntin, David Leighton

2012-06-07

309

46 CFR 115.910 - Passenger Ship Safety Certificate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... § 115.910 Passenger Ship Safety Certificate. ...have a valid SOLAS Passenger Ship Safety Certificate. The Commandant...cognizant Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection (OCMI) to issue the original SOLAS Passenger Ship Safety Certificate after...

2012-10-01

310

46 CFR 115.910 - Passenger Ship Safety Certificate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... § 115.910 Passenger Ship Safety Certificate. ...have a valid SOLAS Passenger Ship Safety Certificate. The Commandant...cognizant Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection (OCMI) to issue the original SOLAS Passenger Ship Safety Certificate after...

2011-10-01

311

ANALYSIS OF TELEMATIC SYSTEMS FOR ADDED VALUE SERVICES IN ROAD-BASED VEHICLE FREIGHT TRANSPORTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Added Value Services (AVS) for road based freight transportation have gained the attention of public authorities, industry and the private sector. It is accentuated by systems developed or be- ing under development for road user charging, which have the potential to support additional ser- vices through sharing of functionalities (e.g. communication, positioning and payment). To de- sign telematic systems with

Gideon Mbiydzenyuy; Jan A. Persson; Paul Davidsson

312

Teacher Development Program: A Vehicle for Assisting Pre-Service Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1990 the Teacher Development Program was created by the Office of Professional Field Experiences at Southeastern Louisiana University to better the quality and improve the success rate of teacher candidates and student teachers. The fundamental principle behind the program was to provide assistance for pre-service teachers who need immediate…

Wood, Frances B.

2010-01-01

313

Classification of service for entertainment applications in vehicles Jean-Philippe Georges, Eric Rondeau, Thierry Divoux  

E-print Network

the service offered by the network with the information timed requirements. The study analyzes two kinds- tertainment applications based on WIFI communications in the future Boeing 787 Dreamliner. The goal is to propose a general method enabling to analyze the behaviour of Ethernet net- work architecture used

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

314

Taking a new look at hybrid electric vehicle efficiency  

SciTech Connect

Environmental, economic, and national security challenges from passenger-car use have energized development of hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) worldwide. These vehicles could reduce fuel consumption, use nonpetroleum alternative fuels, and reduce urban air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. Current thinking on hybrid electric vehicles may be underestimating their significance to reducing petroleum use.

NONE

1997-02-01

315

A study on Security within public transit vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

In public transit vehicles, security is the major concern for the passengers. Surveillance Systems provide the security by providing surveillance cameras in the vehicles and a storage that maintains the data. The applications that allow monitoring the data in surveillance systems of public transit vehicles will provide different features to access the video and allow to perform number of operations

A. N. Seshukumar; S. Vasavi; V. Srinivasa Rao

2012-01-01

316

Heavy vehicle automation: transitioning from civilian to military applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe potential military robotics applications for the heavy vehicle automation and driver assistance research that has been conducted on at the California Partners for Advanced Transit and Highways (PATH). Specifically, we summarize the state of vehicle automation research at PATH by beginning with a short description of automated platoon operations with eight light duty passenger vehicles. Then we focus

James A. Misener; Steven E. Shladover; Dan Empey; Han-Shue Tan

2001-01-01

317

Automatic GPS-based vehicle tracking and localization information system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The convergence of GPS technologies, wireless communications, and Internet is seen as the key to the GPS consumer market. The proposed vehicle tracking and localization system allows: remote and mobile control and vehicle monitoring (position and velocity) via SMS commands and answers; passenger voice notification when vehicle get near to next railway or bus station, actual arrival and scheduled time,

Rosen Ivanov

2003-01-01

318

Opportunities and challenges for novel heat engines in passenger automobiles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Modern automobiles provide several opportunities for potential application of novel heat engines, including air conditioning, waste-heat recovery, auxiliary power units, and motive power. The driving force behind these potential applications is the prospect of reducing the vehicle's environmental impact by increasing its overall thermal efficiency, decreasing its emissions of greenhouse gases, or both. However, because the automotive sector is mature and highly competitive, any attempt to displace existing technology faces daunting hurdles. Weight and packaging impose tight constraints. Compatibility with existing systems is essential. Reliability must be ensured, often for 150000 miles. Last but not least, cost is paramount in an industry where pennies matter. Some implications of these factors for implementation of thermoacoustic heat engines on passenger vehicles will be surveyed.

Mozurkewich, George

2005-09-01

319

New batteries and their impact on electric vehicles  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The paper is concerned with the development of electric vehicles and electric vehicle batteries. The present and predicted performance levels of some battery systems such as lead-acid, nickel-iron, nickel-zinc, and zinc-chlorine are considered, as are the characteristics that an electric vehicle must possess in order to appeal to customers. The implications of battery improvements for manufacturers of electric vehicles are discussed. Lack of knowledge of passenger range requirements for electric vehicles is noted.

Schwartz, H. J.

1977-01-01

320

Application for certification, 1991 model year light-duty vehicles - Sports Car America, Puma Division Inc  

SciTech Connect

Every year, each manufacturer of passenger cars, light-duty trucks, motorcycles, or heavy-duty engines submits to EPA an application for certification. The report deals with light-duty vehicles from Sports Car America, PUMA Division Incorporated. In the application, the manufacturer gives a detailed technical description of the vehicles or engines he intends to market during the upcoming model year. These engineering data include explanations and/or drawings which describe engine/vehicle parameters such as basic engine design, fuel systems, ignition systems and exhaust and evaporative emission control systems. It also provides information on emission test procedures, service accumulation procedures, fuels to be used, and proposed maintenance requirements to be followed during testing. Section 16 of the application contains the results of emission testing, a statement of compliance to the regulations, production engine parameters, and a Summary Sheet Input Form on which issuance of a Certificate of Conformity is based.

Not Available

1992-01-01

321

75 FR 36300 - Enhancing Airline Passenger Protections  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. DOT-OST-2010-0140] RIN 2105-AD92 Enhancing Airline Passenger Protections AGENCY: Office of the Secretary (OST...June 8, 2010, the Department published an NPRM on Enhancing Airline Passenger Protections (75 FR 32318), which, among...

2010-06-25

322

75 FR 45562 - Enhancing Airline Passenger Protections  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DOT-OST-2010-0140] RIN No. 2105-AD92 Enhancing Airline Passenger Protections AGENCY: Office...comment period for an NPRM on enhancing airline passenger protections that was published...a result of requests from a number of airline associations, one airport...

2010-08-03

323

Burning behavior of sedan passenger cars  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four full-scale fire experiments using 4-door sedan passenger cars were carried out. The cars were ignited either at the splashguard of the right rear wheel or at the left front seat in the passenger compartment with a gasoline spill. The temperature inside the burning car and the mass loss rate were measured. The burning of the 4-door sedan was composed

Katsuhiro Okamoto; Norimichi Watanabe; Yasuaki Hagimoto; Tadaomi Chigira; Ryoji Masano; Hitoshi Miura; Satoshi Ochiai; Hideki Satoh; Yohsuke Tamura; Kimio Hayano; Yasumasa Maeda; Jinji Suzuki

2009-01-01

324

INCREASING SEAT BELT USE IN SERVICE VEHICLE DRIVERS WITH A GEARSHIFT DELAY  

PubMed Central

This study evaluated a device that prevents drivers from shifting vehicles into gear for up to 8 s unless seat belts are buckled. Participants were 101 commercial drivers who operated vans, pickups, or other light trucks from the U.S. and Canada. The driver could escape or avoid the delay by fastening his or her seat belt before shifting out of park. Unbelted participants experienced either a constant delay (8 s) or a variable delay (M ?=? 8 s). A 16-s delay was introduced for those U.S. drivers who did not show significant improvement. Seat belt use increased from 48% to 67% (a 40% increase) for U.S. drivers and from 54% to 74% (a 37% increase) for Canadian drivers. The fixed delay was more effective for U.S. drivers than the variable delay, but there was no difference between these two delay schedules for Canadian drivers. After the driver fastened his or her seat belt, it tended to remain fastened for the duration of the trip. PMID:21358899

Van Houten, Ron; Malenfant, J.E. Louis; Reagan, Ian; Sifrit, Kathy; Compton, Richard; Tenenbaum, Jeff

2010-01-01

325

NASA Green Flight Challenge: Conceptual Design Approaches and Technologies to Enable 200 Passenger Miles per Gallon  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Green Flight Challenge is one of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration s Centennial Challenges designed to push technology and make passenger aircraft more efficient. Airliners currently average around 50 passenger-miles per gallon and this competition will push teams to greater than 200 passenger-miles per gallon. The aircraft must also fly at least 100 miles per hour for 200 miles. The total prize money for this competition is $1.65 Million. The Green Flight Challenge will be run by the Comparative Aircraft Flight Efficiency (CAFE) Foundation September 25 October 1, 2011 at Charles M. Schulz Sonoma County Airport in California. Thirteen custom aircraft were developed with electric, bio-diesel, and other bio-fuel engines. The aircraft are using various technologies to improve aerodynamic, propulsion, and structural efficiency. This paper will explore the feasibility of the rule set, competitor vehicles, design approaches, and technologies used.

Wells, Douglas P.

2011-01-01

326

The Multi-purpose Crew Vehicle European Service Module: a European Contribution to Human Exploration  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper provides an overview of the system and subsystem configuration of the MPCV European Service Module (ESM) at Preliminary Design Review (PDR) stage as well as its perspectives of utilisation within the global space exploration endeavour. The MPCV ESM is a cylindrical module with a diameter of 4500 mm and a total length - main engine excluded - of 2700 mm. It is fitted with four solar array wings with a span of 18.8 m. Its dry mass is 3.5 metric tons and it can carry 8.6 tons of propellant. The main functions of the European Service Module are to bring the structural continuity between the launcher and the crew module, to provide propulsion to the MPCV, to ensure its thermal control as well as electrical power and to store water, oxygen and nitrogen for the mission. The current agreement foresees the development and production by Europe of one flight model, with an option for a second one. This module will be assembled in Europe and delivered to NASA in 2016. It will be used for a flight of the MPCV Orion in December 2017.

Schubert, Kathleen; Berthe, Philippe; Grantier, Julie; Pietsch, Klaus; Angelillo, Philippe; Price, Laurence

2013-01-01

327

The Multi-purpose Crew Vehicle European Service Module: a European Contribution to Human Exploration  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper provides an overview of the system and subsystem configuration of the MPCV European Service Module (ESM) at Preliminary Design Review (PDR) stage as well as its perspectives of utilisation within the global space exploration endeavour. The MPCV ESM is a cylindrical module with a diameter of 4500 mm and a total length – main engine excluded – of 2700 mm. It is fitted with four solar array wings with a span of 18.8 m. Its dry mass is 3.5 metric tons and it can carry 8.6 tons of propellant. The main functions of the European Service Module are to bring the structural continuity between the launcher and the crew module, to provide propulsion to the MPCV, to ensure its thermal control as well as electrical power and to store water, oxygen and nitrogen for the mission. The current agreement foresees the development and production by Europe of one flight model, with an option for a second one. This module will be assembled in Europe and delivered to NASA in 2016. It will be used for a flight of the MPCV Orion in December 2017.

Berthe, Philippe; Schubert, Kathleen; Grantier, Julie; Pietsch, Klaus; Angelillo, Philippe; Price, Laurence

2013-01-01

328

Air-bag-associated fatal injuries to infants and children riding in front passenger seats--United States.  

PubMed

Air bags, when used as a supplement to safety belts, effectively prevent deaths and serious injuries in frontal motor-vehicle crashes. Air bags are standard equipment in most new cars; federal safety standards require that all new passenger cars and light trucks be equipped with both driver- and passenger-side air bags by 1999. The safety of air bags is well documented, and air bags have saved an estimated 900 lives since the late 1980s (1); however, special precautions are needed to safely transport children in vehicles equipped with air bags. Reports of eight deaths of child passengers in crashes involving air-bag deployment are of special concern because they involved low-speed crashes that the children otherwise might have survived. This report summarizes three of these eight cases (2). PMID:7476837

1995-11-17

329

Auto Passenger Travel Auto Occupancy in the GTA  

E-print Network

Auto Passenger Travel and Auto Occupancy in the GTA 1996 Results and Recent Trends Data Management ................................................................................................. 1 1.1 Growth in GTA Travel and Auto Passenger Trips...................................... 2 2 Passenger Mode by Location in the GTA.......................... 3 2.4 Location of Auto Passenger Trip Growth

Toronto, University of

330

Maintaining and servicing a space-based Orbital Transfer vehicle (OTV) at the Space Station  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A candidate space-based OTV (SBOTV) is described as well as the advantages inherent to space basing, the requirements for accommodating an SBOTV, candidate hangar/support equipment, turnaround operations options, selection and definition of the most economical turnaround operations at the Space Station and maintenance of an OTV at the Space Station (SS). OTV launching, servicing/maintenance, payload integration and retrieval comprise the various space operations to be performed. Alternative methods for performing the turnaround operations (i.e. EVA with teleoperations or teleoperations only) are investigated and it is shown that the 'teleoperation only' option fulfills the need for reducing the amount of EVA manhours while simultaneously reducing the total manhours for SBOTV turnaround at the Space Station. It is concluded that modularity, accessibility, standardization of interfaces, lightweight construction, and a proper balance between EVA and teleoperations/robotics activities are key to the successful performance of an OTV at the SS in the 1990s. Man's ability to react to unexpected situations, interpret results and modify operations in real time must also be taken advantage of.

Maloney, J. W.; Pena, L. R.

1986-09-01

331

An application of the airport service quality model in South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Passengers’ expectations of service quality at airports are becoming increasingly important as air traffic grows. This research investigated passengers’ perceptions of airport service quality at O.R. Tambo International Airport, South Africa. An existing model placing the concept of passenger expectations central to measuring an airport’s specific level of performance was applied. The results proved significant in terms of the investment

Berendien Lubbe; Anneli Douglas; Julia Zambellis

2011-01-01

332

Simulating service reliability of a high frequency bus route using automatically collected data  

E-print Network

High frequency bus routes are subject to a variety of influences that can affect the quality of service provided to passengers. Since they have short headways and high passenger demand interaction between buses can easily ...

Milkovits, Martin Nicholas

2008-01-01

333

46 CFR 122.740 - Periodic servicing of hydrostatic release units.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...VESSELS CARRYING MORE THAN 150 PASSENGERS OR WITH OVERNIGHT ACCOMMODATIONS FOR MORE THAN 49 PASSENGERS OPERATIONS Operational Readiness, Maintenance, and Inspection of Lifesaving Equipment § 122.740 Periodic servicing of hydrostatic...

2013-10-01

334

46 CFR 122.730 - Servicing of inflatable liferafts, inflatable buoyant apparatus, inflatable life jackets, and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...VESSELS CARRYING MORE THAN 150 PASSENGERS OR WITH OVERNIGHT ACCOMMODATIONS FOR MORE THAN 49 PASSENGERS OPERATIONS Operational Readiness, Maintenance, and Inspection of Lifesaving Equipment § 122.730 Servicing of inflatable liferafts,...

2010-10-01

335

46 CFR 122.740 - Periodic servicing of hydrostatic release units.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...VESSELS CARRYING MORE THAN 150 PASSENGERS OR WITH OVERNIGHT ACCOMMODATIONS FOR MORE THAN 49 PASSENGERS OPERATIONS Operational Readiness, Maintenance, and Inspection of Lifesaving Equipment § 122.740 Periodic servicing of hydrostatic...

2011-10-01

336

46 CFR 122.730 - Servicing of inflatable liferafts, inflatable buoyant apparatus, inflatable life jackets, and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...VESSELS CARRYING MORE THAN 150 PASSENGERS OR WITH OVERNIGHT ACCOMMODATIONS FOR MORE THAN 49 PASSENGERS OPERATIONS Operational Readiness, Maintenance, and Inspection of Lifesaving Equipment § 122.730 Servicing of inflatable liferafts,...

2011-10-01

337

46 CFR 122.730 - Servicing of inflatable liferafts, inflatable buoyant apparatus, inflatable life jackets, and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...VESSELS CARRYING MORE THAN 150 PASSENGERS OR WITH OVERNIGHT ACCOMMODATIONS FOR MORE THAN 49 PASSENGERS OPERATIONS Operational Readiness, Maintenance, and Inspection of Lifesaving Equipment § 122.730 Servicing of inflatable liferafts,...

2012-10-01

338

46 CFR 122.728 - Testing and servicing of Emergency Position Indicating Radiobeacons (EPIRB)  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...VESSELS CARRYING MORE THAN 150 PASSENGERS OR WITH OVERNIGHT ACCOMMODATIONS FOR MORE THAN 49 PASSENGERS OPERATIONS Operational Readiness, Maintenance, and Inspection of Lifesaving Equipment § 122.728 Testing and servicing of Emergency...

2012-10-01

339

46 CFR 122.730 - Servicing of inflatable liferafts, inflatable buoyant apparatus, inflatable life jackets, and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...VESSELS CARRYING MORE THAN 150 PASSENGERS OR WITH OVERNIGHT ACCOMMODATIONS FOR MORE THAN 49 PASSENGERS OPERATIONS Operational Readiness, Maintenance, and Inspection of Lifesaving Equipment § 122.730 Servicing of inflatable liferafts,...

2013-10-01

340

46 CFR 122.728 - Testing and servicing of Emergency Position Indicating Radiobeacons (EPIRB)  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...VESSELS CARRYING MORE THAN 150 PASSENGERS OR WITH OVERNIGHT ACCOMMODATIONS FOR MORE THAN 49 PASSENGERS OPERATIONS Operational Readiness, Maintenance, and Inspection of Lifesaving Equipment § 122.728 Testing and servicing of Emergency...

2010-10-01

341

46 CFR 122.728 - Testing and servicing of Emergency Position Indicating Radiobeacons (EPIRB)  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...VESSELS CARRYING MORE THAN 150 PASSENGERS OR WITH OVERNIGHT ACCOMMODATIONS FOR MORE THAN 49 PASSENGERS OPERATIONS Operational Readiness, Maintenance, and Inspection of Lifesaving Equipment § 122.728 Testing and servicing of Emergency...

2013-10-01

342

46 CFR 122.728 - Testing and servicing of Emergency Position Indicating Radiobeacons (EPIRB)  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...VESSELS CARRYING MORE THAN 150 PASSENGERS OR WITH OVERNIGHT ACCOMMODATIONS FOR MORE THAN 49 PASSENGERS OPERATIONS Operational Readiness, Maintenance, and Inspection of Lifesaving Equipment § 122.728 Testing and servicing of Emergency...

2011-10-01

343

46 CFR 122.740 - Periodic servicing of hydrostatic release units.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...VESSELS CARRYING MORE THAN 150 PASSENGERS OR WITH OVERNIGHT ACCOMMODATIONS FOR MORE THAN 49 PASSENGERS OPERATIONS Operational Readiness, Maintenance, and Inspection of Lifesaving Equipment § 122.740 Periodic servicing of hydrostatic...

2012-10-01

344

Thermal Analysis and Test Program to Evaluate Passenger Compartment Thermal Load Reduction and Improve: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA number CRD-07-00231  

SciTech Connect

This activity supported a GM and NREL collaborative exploration of strategies to minimize and alleviate the temperature rise in the passenger compartment of an automobile during prolonged exposure to solar radiation in hot climates. It developed and exercised math-based models to simulate the air flow and thermal environment in the passenger compartment in order to compare the effectiveness of the strategies. This activity also assessed the strategies using vehicle tests.

Rugh, J.

2011-05-01

345

Policy effectiveness for road passenger transport emissions reductions across the world  

E-print Network

The effectiveness of policy for emissions reductions in private passenger road transport depends on its ability to incentivise consumers to make choices oriented towards lower emissions vehicles. However, car purchase choices are known to be strongly socially determined, and this sector is highly diverse due to significant socio-economic differences between consumer groups. Here, we present a comprehensive analysis of the structure of the 2012 private passenger vehicle fleet-years in six major economies across the World (UK, USA, China, India, Japan and Brazil) in terms of prices, engine sizes and emissions. This is done in order to evaluate the effectiveness of existing and possible fiscal and technological change policies for emissions reductions. We provide tools to understand and evaluate the effectiveness of policy taking account of the distributive structure of prices and emissions in segments of a diverse market, both for conventional as well as unconventional engine technologies. We furthermore explai...

Mercure, J -F

2014-01-01

346

CDC Vital Signs: Child Passenger Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... page: About CDC.gov . Vital Signs Share Compartir Child Passenger Safety Buckle up every age, every trip ... on the road. Parents and caregivers can keep children safe by: Knowing how to use car seats, ...

347

Disruption Management in Passenger Railway Transportation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper deals with disruption management in passenger railway transportation. In the disruption management process, many actors belonging to different organizations play a role. In this paper we therefore describe the process itself and the roles of the different actors.

Jespersen-Groth, Julie; Potthoff, Daniel; Clausen, Jens; Huisman, Dennis; Kroon, Leo; Maróti, Gábor; Nielsen, Morten Nyhave

348

Smokers in Cars Pose Risk to Passengers  

MedlinePLUS

... on this page, please enable JavaScript. Smokers in Cars Pose Risk to Passengers: Study Urine of those ... suggests that non-smoking people who sit in cars with smokers inhale some of the same cancer- ...

349

Optimal boarding method for airline passengers  

SciTech Connect

Using a Markov Chain Monte Carlo optimization algorithm and a computer simulation, I find the passenger ordering which minimizes the time required to board the passengers onto an airplane. The model that I employ assumes that the time that a passenger requires to load his or her luggage is the dominant contribution to the time needed to completely fill the aircraft. The optimal boarding strategy may reduce the time required to board and airplane by over a factor of four and possibly more depending upon the dimensions of the aircraft. I explore some features of the optimal boarding method and discuss practical modifications to the optimal. Finally, I mention some of the benefits that could come from implementing an improved passenger boarding scheme.

Steffen, Jason H.; /Fermilab; ,

2008-02-01

350

Performance of a fully mechanical parking brake system for passenger cars  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to ensure that a vehicle remains stationary when it is parked at a certain road slope, the driver has to apply sufficient pulling force on the handbrake lever. Otherwise, the vehicle will start to rollaway where the torque generated by the parking brake system is lower that the torque required by the vehicle to remain stationary. This poses a danger situation not only to the vehicle's occupants but also to the people surrounding it. Thus, this paper aims to investigate performance of a typical parking brake system used in passenger cars. A theoretical model of drum-type parking brake system is derived and later being validated by test data that measured from the parking brake test bench. A good agreement is achieved between calculated and test results. Results from the model show that the parking brake system used in this work can hold the vehicle stationary at 11 degree slope less than 200 N of the applied force and thus it meets the regulation requirement, and also the vehicle will not rollaway even though there are four adult passengers inside it.

Rozaini, A. H.; Ishak, M. R.; Abu Bakar, A. R.; Mohd Zain, M. Z.

2013-12-01

351

Parents as passengers during pediatric transport  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction: The transport environment presents a unique setting in which the feasibility, advantages, and disadvantages of passengers accompanying a patient must be assessed carefully. The purpose of this study was to describe the current practice of including parents as passengers during pediatric interfacility transport.Methods: One-hundred-eighty-eight critical care transport programs in the United States responded to a voluntary mail survey, providing

Mary Mokate Lewis; Diane Holditch-Davis; Susan Brunssen

1997-01-01

352

Contacting passengers after exposure to measles on an international flight: Implications for responding to new disease threats and bioterrorism.  

PubMed Central

On May 21, 2000, a passenger with measles traveled from Japan to Hawai'i on a seven-hour flight. When the flight landed, the U.S. Public Health Service (USPHS) Quarantine Station in Honolulu alerted passengers that a suspected case of measles had been identified, but they were not detained. The next day, to offer appropriate post-exposure prophylaxis, the Hawai'i Department of Health (HDOH) attempted to contact all passengers from the flight using information from the airline, U.S. Customs declaration forms, and tour agencies. Of 335 total passengers, 270 (81%) were successfully reached and provided complete information. The mean time from exposure to contact for all respondents was 61 hours (95% confidence interval 57, 66). A total of 202 (75%) of the responding passengers were contacted within 72 hours after exposure, the time period during which administration of measles vaccine would have provided protection for susceptible individuals. The time-to-contact was significantly longer for passengers who did not stay in hotels than for hotel guests. Customs forms proved to be of limited utility in contacting international travelers. This experience highlights the need for more complete and timely methods of contacting passengers potentially exposed to infectious agents aboard flights. PMID:15313108

Lasher, Lara E.; Ayers, Tracy L.; Amornkul, Pauli N.; Nakatab, Michele N.; Effler, Paul V.

2004-01-01

353

Curving Analysis of Modified Designs of Passenger Railway Vehicle Trucks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, modified truck designs were studied with an objective to achieving better compatibility between high speed stability and curving behaviour compared to the conventional truck. The analysis has shown that USD truck can be designed to achieve better over all performance compared to other truck designs. The results of steady state curving program were validated using the commercial

Rao V. Dukkipati; Srinivasan Narayanaswamy; Mohammad O. M. Osman

2002-01-01

354

Carbon monoxide levels in popular passenger commuting modes traversing major commuting routes in Hong Kong  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Vehicle exhaust is a major source of air pollution in metropolitan cities. Commuters are exposed to high traffic-related pollutant concentrations. Public transportation is the most popular commuting mode in Hong Kong and there are about 10.8 million passenger trips every day. Two-thirds of them are road commuters. An extensive survey was conducted to measure carbon monoxide in three popular passenger commuting modes, bus, minibus, and taxi, which served, respectively, 3.91 million, 1.76 million and 1.31 million passenger trips per day in 1998. Three types of commuting microenvironments were selected: urban-urban, urban-suburban and urban-rural. Results indicated that in-vehicle CO level increased in the following order: bus, minibus and taxi. The overall average in-vehicle CO level in air-conditioned bus, minibus and taxi were 1.8, 2.9 and 3.3 ppm, respectively. The average concentration level difference between air-conditioned buses (1.8 ppm) and non-air-conditioned buses (1.9 ppm) was insignificant. The fluctuation of in-vehicle CO level of non-air-conditioned vehicle followed the variation of out-vehicle CO concentration. Our result also showed that even in air-conditioned vehicles, the in-vehicle CO concentration was affected by the out-vehicle CO concentration although there exists a smoothing out effect. The in-vehicle CO level was the highest in urban-suburban commuting routes and was followed by urban-urban routes. The in-vehicle CO level in urban-rural routes was the lowest. The highest CO level was recorded after the vehicle traversed through tunnel. The average CO exposure of a commuter in tunnel can be 2-3 times higher than that at the other roads. The CO exposure level of public road transportation commuters in Hong Kong was lower than most other cities. Factors governing the CO levels were also discussed.

Chan, L. Y.; Liu, Y. M.

355

49 CFR 39.35 - May PVOs require a passenger with a disability to provide advance notice that he or she is...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...passenger is not seeking particular auxiliary aids or services, or special privileges or...individuals who are deaf or hard of hearing or blind or visually impaired through the use of appropriate auxiliary aids and...

2011-10-01

356

49 CFR 39.35 - May PVOs require a passenger with a disability to provide advance notice that he or she is...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...passenger is not seeking particular auxiliary aids or services, or special privileges or...individuals who are deaf or hard of hearing or blind or visually impaired through the use of appropriate auxiliary aids and...

2010-10-01

357

Crime Alert: Arrest of Vehicle Burglars On 03/08/2013, at about 3:45 a.m., a UCPD Community Service Officer was flagged down by a  

E-print Network

Crime Alert: Arrest of Vehicle Burglars On 03/08/2013, at about 3:45 a.m., a UCPD Community Service: James Sly, a 22 year old man from Moreno Valley, will be booked into the Riverside County Jail in the Riverside County Jail for the following charges: · Vehicle burglary (2 counts) · Grand theft auto

358

Passenger ride comfort technology for transport aircraft situations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Research in ride comfort and of the resultant technology is overviewed. Several useful relations derived from the technology are: input environments to the vehicle; aircraft operations; and aircraft configurations. Input environments which influence the ride motion environment consist of naturally occuring phenomena such as gusts or turbulence and man generated phenomena such as trailing vortex wakes or runway roughness. Aircraft operations influence ride environments in the form of motions caused by maneuvers, of pressure changes caused by rapid descents, or of too high temperature. Aircraft configurations influence the ride environment by size and shape of external surfaces which generate aerodynamic perturbing forces; by onboard equipment, such as power plant noise and vibrations; and by passive equipment which directly interfaces the passengers such as marginal size seats with limited elbowroom and legroom.

Conner, W.; Jacobson, I. D.

1976-01-01

359

Registrations and vehicle miles of travel of light duty vehicles, 1985--1995  

SciTech Connect

To obtain vehicle registration data that consistently and accurately reflect the distinction between automobiles and light-duty trucks, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) was asked by FHWA to estimate the current and historical vehicle registration numbers of automobiles and of other two-axle four-tire vehicles (i.e., light-duty trucks), and their associated travel. The term automobile is synonymous with passenger car. Passenger cars are defined as all sedans, coupes, and station wagons manufactured primarily for the purpose of carrying passengers. This includes taxicabs, rental cars, and ambulances and hearses on an automobile chassis. Light-duty trucks refer to all two-axle four-tire vehicles other than passenger cars. They include pickup trucks, panel trucks, delivery and passenger vans, and other vehicles such as campers, motor homes, ambulances on a truck chassis, hearses on a truck chassis, and carryalls. In this study, light-duty trucks include four major types: (1) pickup truck, (2) van, (3) sport utility vehicle, and (4) other 2-axle 4-tire truck. Specifically, this project re-estimates statistics that appeared in Tables MV-1 and MV-9 of the 1995 Highway Statistics. Given the complexity of the approach developed in this effort and the incompleteness and inconsistency of the state-submitted data, it is recommended that alternatives be considered by FHWA to obtain vehicle registration data. One alternative is the Polk`s NVPP data (via the US Department of Transportation`s annual subscription to Polk). The second alternative is to obtain raw registration files from individual states` Departments of Motor Vehicles and to decode individual VINs.

Hu, P.S.; Davis, S.C.; Schmoyer, R.L.

1998-02-01

360

The Employment of Airships for the Transport of Passengers  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

It was a conclusion of this detailed study of the practicality of using airships for carrying passengers that, although slow, airships are capable of carrying useful loads over long distances. However, it is noted that there is a certain limit to the advantages of large cubature. Beyond a certain point, the maximum altitude of the airship goes on decreasing, in spite of the fact that the range of action in the horizontal plane and the useful load go on increasing. The possibility of rapid climb is an essential factor of security in aerial navigation in the case of storms, as is velocity. To rise above and run ahead of storms are ways of avoiding them. However, high altitude and high speed are antithetical. This investigation concluded that a maximum velocity of 120 km/h is as far as we ought to go. This figure can only be exceeded by excessive reduction of the altitude of ceiling, range of flight, and useful load. The essential requisites of a public transport service are discussed, as are flight security, regularity of service, competition with other forms of passenger transportation, and the choice between rigid and semi-rigid airships.

Nobile, Umberto

1921-01-01

361

78 FR 57206 - Notice of Passenger Facility Charge (PFC) Approvals and Disapprovals  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and modifications. Emergency crash phone system upgrades. PFC...Reconstruct airfield service roads. Aircraft rescue and firefighting vehicles...Collection and Use: Acquire aircraft rescue and firefighting vehicle...runway 11/29. Acquire an aircraft rescue and firefighting...

2013-09-17

362

Wireless Adhoc Networks for Inter-Vehicle Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Future enhancements in automobile technology will cope - besides tradi- tional aspects, like security and driving conditions or comfort aspects of passengers - especially with the ability of vehicles to communicate. The aspirated enhance- ments in the ability of communication of vehicles should not only focus on the use of existing wireless (cellular) networks, but should also concentrate on totally

Michael Meincke; Peter Tondl; María Dolores Pérez Guirao; Klaus Jobmann

2002-01-01

363

CARBON MONOZIDE INTRUSION IN SUSTAINED-USE VEHICLES  

EPA Science Inventory

Section 226 of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1977 directed the USEPA to perform a study of carbon monoxide (CO) exposures in the passenger area of sustained use vehicles, i.e., buses, taxis, and police cars. A field investigation of vehicle CO levels in two metropolitan areas w...

364

Aggregate vehicle travel forecasting model  

SciTech Connect

This report describes a model for forecasting total US highway travel by all vehicle types, and its implementation in the form of a personal computer program. The model comprises a short-run, econometrically-based module for forecasting through the year 2000, as well as a structural, scenario-based longer term module for forecasting through 2030. The short-term module is driven primarily by economic variables. It includes a detailed vehicle stock model and permits the estimation of fuel use as well as vehicle travel. The longer-tenn module depends on demographic factors to a greater extent, but also on trends in key parameters such as vehicle load factors, and the dematerialization of GNP. Both passenger and freight vehicle movements are accounted for in both modules. The model has been implemented as a compiled program in the Fox-Pro database management system operating in the Windows environment.

Greene, D.L.; Chin, Shih-Miao; Gibson, R. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States)

1995-05-01

365

Passenger safety, health, and comfort: a review.  

PubMed

Since the birth of aviation medicine approximately 80 yrs ago, practitioners and scientists have given their attention primarily to flight deck crew, cabin crew, and ground support personnel. However, in more recent years we have broadened our horizons to include the safety, health, and comfort of passengers flying commercial aircraft. This will be even more compelling as more passengers take to the air in larger aircraft and flying longer hours to more distant destinations. Further, we can expect to see more older passengers because people in many countries are living longer, healthier lives. The author first discusses the stresses imposed by ordinary commercial flight upon travelers such as airport tumult, barometric pressure changes, immobility, jet lag, noise/ vibration, and radiation. Medical considerations are next addressed describing inflight illness and medical care capability aboard U.S. air carriers. Passenger safety, cabin air quality, and the preventive medicine aspects of air travel are next reviewed in the context of passenger safety, health, and comfort. Recommendations are addressed to regulator agencies, airlines aircraft manufacturers, and the aerospace medicine community. PMID:9143755

Rayman, R B

1997-05-01

366

Motor vehicle suspension systems: Vibrational effects and stability. (Latest citations from Information Services in Mechanical Engineering database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning the relationship between motor vehicle suspension systems and vehicle vibration and ride stability. Included are studies correlating uneven tire wear and steering difficulties with suboptimal suspension systems. Hydropneumatic leveling, independent suspension, and active suspension systems are discussed. The use of composite materials, such as fiberglass, in suspension springs is also presented. (Contains a minimum of 245 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

Not Available

1994-01-01

367

PM10 exhaust samples collected during IM240 dyanamometer tests of in-service vehicles in Nevada  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twenty-three vehicles that were recruited by remote sensing and roadside inspection and maintenance (I\\/M) checks during the 1994 Clark and Washoe Remote Sensing Study (CAWRSS) were tested on the IM240 cycle using a transportable dynamometer. Six of these vehicles emitted visible smoke. Total gas-phase hydrocarbon (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), and nitrogen oxides (NOâ) exhaust concentrations were continuously measured in the

John C. Sagebiel; Barbara Zielinska; Patricia A. Walsh; Judith C. Chow; Steven H. Cadle; Patricia A. Mulawa; Kenneth T. Knapp; Roy B. Zweidinger; Richard Snow

1997-01-01

368

ULEV potential of a DI/TCI diesel passenger car engine operated on dimethyl ether  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a feasibility test program on a 2 liter, 4 cylinder DI/TCI passenger car engine operated on the new alternative fuel Dimethyl Ether (DME) with the aim of demonstrating its potential of meeting ULEV (ultra low emission vehicle) emissions (0.2 g/mi NOx in the FTP 75 test cycle) when installed in a full size passenger car. Special attention is drawn to the fuel injection equipment (FIE) as well as combustion system requirements towards the reduction of NOx and combustion noise while keeping energetic fuel consumption at the level of he baseline DI/TCI diesel engine. FIE and combustion system parameters were optimized on the steady state dynamometer by variation of a number of parameters, such as rate of injection, number of nozzle holes, compression ratio, piston bowl shape and exhaust gas recirculation. The paper presents engine test results achieved with DME under various operating conditions and compares these results to those achieved with the diesel version of the same engine.The FTP 75 cycle results were projected from steady state engine maps using a vehicle simulation program taking into account vehicle data and road resistance data of a given vehicle.The cycle results are also compared to actual chassis dynamometer results achieved with the diesel version of the same engine installed in the same vehicle.the passenger car DI/TCI engine adapted for and operated on DME shows very promising results with respect to meeting ULEV NOx emissions without any soot emissions and without the need for a DENOX catalyst. DME fuel consumption on energy basis can be kept very close to the DI diesel value. An oxidation catalyst will be necessary to meet the stringent CO and HC ULEV emission limits.

Kapus, P.E.; Cartellieri, W.P.

1995-12-31

369

Application for Certification 1985 Model Year Light-Duty Vehicles - Volkswagen-Audi.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Every year, each manufacturer of passenger cars, light-duty trucks, motorcycles, or heavy-duty engines submits to EPA an application for certification. In the application, the manufacturer gives a detailed technical description of the vehicles or engines ...

1984-01-01

370

Application for Certification 1991 Model Year Light-Duty Vehicles - Audi.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Every year, each manufacturer of passenger cars, light-duty trucks, motorcycles, or heavy-duty engines submits to EPA an application for certification. In the application, the manufacturer gives a detailed technical description of the vehicles or engines ...

1991-01-01

371

Application for Certification 1992 Model Year Light-Duty Vehicles - Volkswagen.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Every year, each manufacturer of passenger cars, light-duty trucks, motorcycles, or heavy-duty engines submits to EPA an application for certification. In the application, the manufacturer gives a detailed technical description of the vehicles or engines ...

1991-01-01

372

Application for Certification 1993 Model Year Light-Duty Vehicles - Subaru.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Every year, each manufacturer of passenger cars, light-duty trucks, motorcycles, or heavy-duty engines submits to EPA an application for certification. In the application, the manufacturer gives a detailed technical description of the vehicles or engines ...

1993-01-01

373

Application for Certification 1991 Model Year Light-Duty Vehicles - Fuji.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Every year, each manufacturer of passenger cars, light-duty trucks, motorcycles, or heavy-duty engines submits to EPA an application for certification. In the application, the manufacturer gives a detailed technical description of the vehicles or engines ...

1991-01-01

374

Application for Certification 1992 Model Year Light-Duty Vehicles - Subaru.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Every year, each manufacturer of passenger cars, light-duty trucks, motorcycles, or heavy-duty engines submits to EPA an application for certification. In the application, the manufacturer gives a detailed technical description of the vehicles or engines ...

1991-01-01

375

Regulatory Control of Vehicle and Power Plant Emissions: How Effective and at What Cost?  

E-print Network

Passenger vehicles and power plants are major sources of greenhouse gas emissions. While economic analyses generally indicate that a broader market-based approach to greenhouse gas reduction would be less costly and more ...

Paltsev, S.

376

An automated vehicle arrival notification system for paratransit customers at Texas A&M University  

E-print Network

For paratransit passengers, not knowing when their ride (the paratransit vehicle) will be arriving to pick them up is a major concern. The objectives of this research included designing, implementing, and evaluating a system for automatically...

Donovan, Rachel A

2012-06-07

377

How Vehicle Age and Model Year Relate to Driver Injury Severity in Fatal Crashes  

MedlinePLUS

... result of improvements between the 2000 and 2008 car fleets. The report found similar improvements in light ... and Other Vehicle Safety Technologies, 1960–2002 — Passenger Cars and Light Trucks — With a Review of 19 ...

378

Variable Dynamic Testbed Vehicle: Dynamics Analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Variable Dynamic Testbed Vehicle (VDTV) concept has been proposed as a tool to evaluate collision avoidance systems and to perform driving-related human factors research. The goal of this study is to analytically investigate to what extent a VDTV with adjustable front and rear anti-roll bar stiffnesses, programmable damping rates, and four-wheel-steering can emulate the lateral dynamics of a broad range of passenger vehicles.

Lee, A. Y.; Le, N. T.; Marriott, A. T.

1997-01-01

379

Passenger well-being in airplanes.  

PubMed

Passenger well-being is influenced by cabin environmental conditions which interact with individual passenger characteristics like age and health conditions. Cabin environment is composed of different aspects, some of which have a direct influence on gastrointestinal functions and may directly generate nausea, such as cabin pressure, oxygen saturation, and motion or vibration. For example, it has been shown that available cabin pressure during normal flight altitude can significantly inhibit gastric emptying and induce dyspepsia-like symptoms when associated with a fibre-rich meal. Other aspects of the cabin environment such as space and variability of seating, air quality, and noise, also have been shown to modulate (reduce or increase) discomfort and nausea during flights. Individual passenger characteristics and health status also have been demonstrated to increase vulnerability to adverse health outcomes and discomfort. PMID:16962384

Hinninghofen, H; Enck, P

2006-10-30

380

49 CFR 223.8 - Additional requirements for passenger equipment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...for passenger equipment. 223.8 Section 223.8 Transportation Other Regulations... Specific Requirements § 223.8 Additional requirements for passenger...part, requirements for emergency window exits and window safety...

2010-10-01

381

49 CFR 223.8 - Additional requirements for passenger equipment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...for passenger equipment. 223.8 Section 223.8 Transportation Other Regulations... Specific Requirements § 223.8 Additional requirements for passenger...part, requirements for emergency window exits and window safety...

2011-10-01

382

Tarmac delay policies : a passenger-centric analysis  

E-print Network

In this work, we analyze the effectiveness of the 2010 Tarmac Delay Rule from a passenger-centric point of view. The Tarmac Delay Rule aims to protect enplaned passengers on commercial aircraft from excessively long delays ...

Vanderboll, Allison Elizabeth (Allison Sunny Elizabeth)

2013-01-01

383

46 CFR 71.75-5 - Passenger Ship Safety Certificate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...PASSENGER VESSELS INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION Certificates Under the International Convention for Safety of Life at Sea, 1960 § 71.75-5 Passenger Ship Safety Certificate. (a) All vessels on an international voyage are required to have...

2010-10-01

384

49 CFR 239.103 - Passenger train emergency simulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Passenger train emergency simulations. 239.103 Section 239.103 ...239.103 Passenger train emergency simulations. (a) General. Each railroad...shall conduct full-scale emergency simulations, in order to determine its...

2010-10-01

385

3. GENERAL VIEW OF PASSENGER CAR SHOP; RAILROAD TRACKS IN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. GENERAL VIEW OF PASSENGER CAR SHOP; RAILROAD TRACKS IN FOREGROUND - Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, Mount Clare Passenger Car Shop, Southwest corner of Pratt & Poppleton Streets, Baltimore, Independent City, MD

386

14. AERIAL VIEW OF ENGINE DISPLAY INSIDE PASSENGER CAR SHOP ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

14. AERIAL VIEW OF ENGINE DISPLAY INSIDE PASSENGER CAR SHOP (NOW A TRANSPORTATION MUSEUM) - Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, Mount Clare Passenger Car Shop, Southwest corner of Pratt & Poppleton Streets, Baltimore, Independent City, MD

387

6. GENERAL VIEW OF CUPOLA AND SECOND FLOOR OF PASSENGER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. GENERAL VIEW OF CUPOLA AND SECOND FLOOR OF PASSENGER CAR SHOP - Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, Mount Clare Passenger Car Shop, Southwest corner of Pratt & Poppleton Streets, Baltimore, Independent City, MD

388

5. RAILROAD TRRACKS LEADING TO PAINT & REPAIR SHOP; PASSENGER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. RAILROAD TRRACKS LEADING TO PAINT & REPAIR SHOP; PASSENGER CAR SHOP TO THE LEFT - Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, Mount Clare Passenger Car Shop, Southwest corner of Pratt & Poppleton Streets, Baltimore, Independent City, MD

389

49 CFR 239.103 - Passenger train emergency simulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Passenger train emergency simulations. 239.103 Section 239.103 ...239.103 Passenger train emergency simulations. (a) General. Each railroad...shall conduct full-scale emergency simulations, in order to determine its...

2013-10-01

390

49 CFR 239.103 - Passenger train emergency simulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Passenger train emergency simulations. 239.103 Section 239.103 ...239.103 Passenger train emergency simulations. (a) General. Each railroad...shall conduct full-scale emergency simulations, in order to determine its...

2012-10-01

391

49 CFR 239.103 - Passenger train emergency simulations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Passenger train emergency simulations. 239.103 Section 239.103 ...239.103 Passenger train emergency simulations. (a) General. Each railroad...shall conduct full-scale emergency simulations, in order to determine its...

2011-10-01

392

MODELING, TESTING AND CORRELATION OF INTERLINKED AIR SUSPENSION SYSTEMS FOR PREMIUM VEHICLE PLATFORMS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since a vehicle is actuated by road irregularities in many different ways the improvement of the passengers driving comfort is a major focus of automotive research and development work especially in the premium vehicle segment. Apart from the acoustic properties of a vehicle generally referred to as NVH (noise vibration harshness), the low- frequent and mechanical kind of vibrations mainly

Michael Frantzen

393

The man-loading high-temperature superconducting Maglev test vehicle  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first man-loading high-temperature superconducting (HTS) Maglev test vehicle in the world was successfully developed on Dec. 31, 2000 in the Applied Superconductivity Laboratory, Southwest Jiaotong University, China. Heretofore over 24 500 passengers took the vehicle, and it has been operating back and forth for about 400 km. The HTS Maglev vehicle provides inherent stability both in the vertical and

Suyu Wang; Jiasu Wang; Xiaorong Wang; Zhongyou Ren; Youwen Zeng; Changyan Deng; He Jiang; Min Zhu; Guobin Lin; Zhipei Xu; Degui Zhu; Honghai Song

2003-01-01

394

The first man-loading high temperature superconducting Maglev test vehicle in the world  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first man-loading high temperature superconducting Maglev test vehicle in the world is reported. This vehicle was first tested successfully on December 31, 2000 in the Applied Superconductivity Laboratory, Southwest Jiaotong University, China. Heretofore over 17,000 passengers took the vehicle, and it operates very well from beginning to now. The function of suspension is separated from one of propulsion. The

Jiasu Wang; Suyu Wang; Youwen Zeng; Haiyu Huang; Fang Luo; Zhipei Xu; Qixue Tang; Guobin Lin; Cuifang Zhang; Zhongyou Ren; Guomin Zhao; Degui Zhu; Shaohua Wang; He Jiang; Min Zhu; Changyan Deng; Pengfei Hu; Chaoyong Li; Fang Liu; Jisan Lian; Xiaorong Wang; Lianghui Wang; Xuming Shen; Xiaogang Dong

2002-01-01

395

IEEE 1472: an open-source communications protocol for railway vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Railway vehicles are complex systems that are an essential component of any national transportation infrastructure. But railway vehicles are also mission-critical systems that must support the comfort and safety of passengers. It is therefore essential that these systems be the epitome of fault-tolerant control technology. The Rail Transit Vehicle Interface (RTVI) standards committee of the IEEE's Vehicular Technology Society developed

P. A. Laplante; F. C. Woolsey

2003-01-01

396

77 FR 58500 - Final Theft Data; Motor Vehicle Theft Prevention Standard  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NHTSA-2012-0072] Final Theft Data; Motor Vehicle Theft Prevention Standard AGENCY...thefts of model year (MY) 2010 passenger motor vehicles that occurred in calendar year...NHTSA administers a program for reducing motor vehicle theft. The central feature...

2012-09-21

397

Hybrid Control of Electric Vehicle Lateral Dynamics Stabilization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents a novel method for motion control applied to driver stability system of an electric vehicle with independently driven wheels. By formulating the vehicle dynamics using an approximating the tire-force characteristics into piecewise affine functions, the vehicle dynamics cen be described as a linear hybrid dynamical system to design a hybrid model predictive controller. This controller is expected to make the yaw rate follow the reference ensuring the safety of the car passengers. The vehicle speed is estimated using a multi-sensor data fusion method. Simulation results in Matlab/Simulink have shown that the proposed control scheme takes advantages of electric vehicle and enhances the vehicle stability.

Tabti, Khatir; Bourahla, Mohamend; Mostefai, Lotfi

2013-01-01

398

An analysis of long and medium-haul air passenger demand, volume 1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A basic model was developed which is a two equation pair econometric system in which air passenger demand and airline level-of-service are the endogenous variables. The model aims to identify the relationship between each of these two variables and its determining factors, and to identify the interaction of demand and level-of-service with each other. The selected variable for the measure of air passenger traffic activity in a given pair market is defined as the number of passengers in a given time that originate in one region and fly to the other region for purposes other than to make a connection to a third region. For medium and long haul markets, the model seems to perform better for larger markets. This is due to a specification problem regarding the route structure variable. In larger markets, a greater percentage of nonlocal passengers are accounted for by this variable. Comparing the estimated fare elasticities of long and medium haul markets, it appears that air transportation demand is more price elastic in longer haul markets. Long haul markets demand will saturate with a fewer number of departures than will demand in medium haul markets.

Eriksen, S. E.

1978-01-01

399

A review of outbreaks of foodborne disease associated with passenger ships: evidence for risk management.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: Foodborne disease outbreaks on ships are of concern because of their potentially serious health consequences for passengers and crew and high costs to the industry. The authors conducted a review of outbreaks of foodborne diseases associated with passenger ships in the framework of a World Health Organization project on setting guidelines for ship sanitation. METHODS: The authors reviewed data on 50 outbreaks of foodborne disease associated with passenger ships. For each outbreak, data on pathogens/toxins, type of ship, factors contributing to outbreaks, mortality and morbidity, and food vehicles were collected. RESULTS: The findings of this review show that the majority of reported outbreaks were associated with cruise ships and that almost 10,000 people were affected. Salmonella spp were most frequently associated with outbreaks. Foodborne outbreaks due to enterotoxigenic E. coli spp, Shigella spp, noroviruses (formally called Norwalk-like viruses), Vibrio spp, Staphylococcus aureus, Clostridium perfringens, Cyclospora sp, and Trichinella sp also occurred on ships. Factors associated with the outbreaks reviewed include inadequate temperature control, infected food handlers, contaminated raw ingredients, cross-contamination, inadequate heat treatment, and onshore excursions. Seafood was the most common food vehicle implicated in outbreaks. CONCLUSIONS: Many ship-associated outbreaks could have been prevented if measures had been taken to ensure adequate temperature control, avoidance of cross-contamination, reliable food sources, adequate heat treatment, and exclusion of infected food handlers from work. PMID:15219800

Rooney, Roisin M.; Cramer, Elaine H.; Mantha, Stacey; Nichols, Gordon; Bartram, Jamie K.; Farber, Jeffrey M.; Benembarek, Peter K.

2004-01-01

400

Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service Procedures 21.01.08.X0.03 Vehicle Use Reports: Automobiles/Trucks  

E-print Network

of the State of Texas Vehicle Use Report. Guidelines for the use, and retention of this report, and vehicle to units on the completion and retention of Vehicle Use Reports and maintenance records. PROCEDURES Vehicle Use Report in the vehicle at all times. 1.2 Obtain State of Texas Vehicle Use Reports from

401

Cover | Passenger Pigeons | 1of 4 CINCINNATI ZOO & BOTANICAL GARDEN  

E-print Network

Cover | Passenger Pigeons | 1of 4 CINCINNATI ZOO & BOTANICAL GARDEN It has been 100 years since the last passenger pigeon died. A new exhibit celebrates the species. pullfor caption Martha, the last passenger pigeon, died on September 1, 1914, at the Cincinnati Zoo. #12;COuRTEsy sIEGEL FAmILy Imagine

Liu, X. Shirley

402

Primary models of passenger car information integrated control system  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the increase of the number and the complexity of passenger car ECUs (Electronic Control Units), it needs to design passenger car information integrated control system for sharing information and implementing real-time control between these ECUs. In order to design passenger car information integrated control system, it is necessary to research on its primary models. In this paper, the conceptual

Ying You; Jian Hu; Gangyan Li

2010-01-01

403

46 CFR 176.910 - Passenger Ship Safety Certificate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Passenger Ship Safety Certificate. 176.910 Section...Amended (SOLAS) § 176.910 Passenger Ship Safety Certificate. (a) A vessel...voyage must have a valid SOLAS Passenger Ship Safety Certificate. The Commandant...

2011-10-01

404

46 CFR 115.910 - Passenger Ship Safety Certificate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Passenger Ship Safety Certificate. 115.910 Section...Amended (SOLAS) § 115.910 Passenger Ship Safety Certificate. (a) A vessel...voyage must have a valid SOLAS Passenger Ship Safety Certificate. The Commandant...

2013-10-01

405

46 CFR 176.910 - Passenger Ship Safety Certificate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Passenger Ship Safety Certificate. 176.910 Section...Amended (SOLAS) § 176.910 Passenger Ship Safety Certificate. (a) A vessel...voyage must have a valid SOLAS Passenger Ship Safety Certificate. The Commandant...

2010-10-01

406

46 CFR 176.910 - Passenger Ship Safety Certificate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Passenger Ship Safety Certificate. 176.910 Section...Amended (SOLAS) § 176.910 Passenger Ship Safety Certificate. (a) A vessel...voyage must have a valid SOLAS Passenger Ship Safety Certificate. The Commandant...

2013-10-01

407

46 CFR 115.910 - Passenger Ship Safety Certificate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Passenger Ship Safety Certificate. 115.910 Section...Amended (SOLAS) § 115.910 Passenger Ship Safety Certificate. (a) A vessel...voyage must have a valid SOLAS Passenger Ship Safety Certificate. The Commandant...

2010-10-01

408

46 CFR 176.910 - Passenger Ship Safety Certificate.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Passenger Ship Safety Certificate. 176.910 Section...Amended (SOLAS) § 176.910 Passenger Ship Safety Certificate. (a) A vessel...voyage must have a valid SOLAS Passenger Ship Safety Certificate. The Commandant...

2012-10-01

409

14 CFR 91.517 - Passenger information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...flight attendants to notify them when smoking is prohibited and when safety belts...to fasten their safety belts and when smoking is prohibited. (c) If passenger information...crewmember may smoke while any “no smoking” sign is lighted nor may any...

2010-01-01

410

14 CFR 91.517 - Passenger information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...flight attendants to notify them when smoking is prohibited and when safety belts...to fasten their safety belts and when smoking is prohibited. (c) If passenger information...crewmember may smoke while any “no smoking” sign is lighted nor may any...

2011-01-01

411

14 CFR 91.517 - Passenger information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...flight attendants to notify them when smoking is prohibited and when safety belts...to fasten their safety belts and when smoking is prohibited. (c) If passenger information...crewmember may smoke while any “no smoking” sign is lighted nor may any...

2012-01-01

412

Investigating Variables : Passengers Supported by Lifeboats  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Short description This activity is a lab investigation where students develop an investigable inquiry question, construct a fleet of boats, collect data about how many passengers (pennies) each will hold before sinking, interpret their findings, and will share methods and results during a poster session.

413

Transportation Network Modeling in Passenger Transportation  

E-print Network

model of Passenger Network Model to emulate mode competition Infrastructure sharing by fleet 4. Data or induced ­ Arc (Routes) fixed · Infrastructure ­ Highway, railway, waterways, airports · Fleet ­ Trucks, Cars (hybrid and gasoline) ­ Trains (electric and diesel) ­ Barges ­ Planes · Decision Variables

Daniels, Thomas E.

414

The influence of driver distraction on the severity of injuries sustained by teenage drivers and their passengers.  

PubMed

Studies show that teenage drivers are at a higher risk for crashes. Opportunities to engage in technology and non-technology based distractions appear to be a particular concern among this age group. An ordered logit model was developed to predict the likelihood of a severe injury for these drivers and their passenger using a national crash database (the 2003, U.S. DOT-General Estimate System [GES]). As one would expect, speeding substantially increases the likelihood of severe injuries for teenage drivers and their passengers. The results of the analysis also reveal that teenage drivers have an increased likelihood of more severe injuries if distracted by a cell phone or by passengers than if the source of distraction was related to in-vehicle devices or if the driver was inattentive. Additionally, passengers of teenage drivers are more likely to sustain severe injuries when their driver is distracted by devices or passengers than with a non-distracted or inattentive driver. This supports the previous literature on teenage drivers and extends our understanding of injuries for this age group related to distraction-related crashes. PMID:18215556

Neyens, David M; Boyle, Linda Ng

2008-01-01

415

Application of Fuzzy Logic to EMS-type Magnetically Levitated Railway Vehicle  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A type of the magnetically levitated railway system with the electro-magnetic suspension system (EMS), which is named HSST system, will be put into revenue service as an urban transport in Nagoya, Japan at the beginning of April 2005. To extend its operational velocity higher than 200km/h for applications in other cities, the design of its EMS system is reexamined for improvement of riding comfort and performances of a train. In order to achieve these objectives, the multipurpose optimization on the basis of the genetic algorithm is applied for the design of EMS-type magnetically levitated vehicle, control parameters of which are optimized both to follow the rail exactly in high-speed and to provide enough riding comfort to passengers. However, the ability to follow sharp irregularities of the rail and to cope with high frequency noises in the gap length control system should be coordinated with riding comfort. The fuzzy logic is introduced into the dynamic control loop and verified to solve the problem. Far better coordination is obtained between the vehicle performances and riding comfort of passengers in high-speed against such various rail conditions. The levitation control with fuzzy logic is shown to be useful for the critical design problem as the high-speed maglev railways.

Kusagawa, Shinichi; Baba, Jumpei; Shutoh, Katsuhiko; Masada, Eisuke

416

Vehicle systems design optimization study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The optimum vehicle configuration and component locations are determined for an electric drive vehicle based on using the basic structure of a current production subcompact vehicle. The optimization of an electric vehicle layout requires a weight distribution in the range of 53/47 to 62/38 in order to assure dynamic handling characteristics comparable to current internal combustion engine vehicles. Necessary modification of the base vehicle can be accomplished without major modification of the structure or running gear. As long as batteries are as heavy and require as much space as they currently do, they must be divided into two packages, one at front under the hood and a second at the rear under the cargo area, in order to achieve the desired weight distribution. The weight distribution criteria requires the placement of batteries at the front of the vehicle even when the central tunnel is used for the location of some batteries. The optimum layout has a front motor and front wheel drive. This configuration provides the optimum vehicle dynamic handling characteristics and the maximum passenger and cargo space for a given size vehicle.

Gilmour, J. L.

1980-01-01

417

Motor vehicle suspension systems: Vibrational effects and stability. (Latest citations from Information Services in Mechanical Engineering database). Published Search  

SciTech Connect

The bibliography contains citations concerning vibration control and stability of motor vehicle suspension systems. Citations discuss mechanical, pneumatic, electronic, and neural-network control techniques. Topics include active suspension, adaptive systems, dynamic compensators, feedforward control, and hump design. (Contains a minimum of 161 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

NONE

1995-05-01

418

PM-10 exhaust samples collected during IM-240 dyanamometer tests of in-service vehicles in Nevada  

SciTech Connect

Twenty-three vehicles that were recruited by remote sensing and roadside inspection and maintenance (I/M) checks during the 1994 Clark and Washoe Remote Sensing Study (CAWRSS) were tested on the IM240 cycle using a transportable dynamometer. Six of these vehicles emitted visible smoke. Total gas-phase hydrocarbon (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), and nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}) exhaust concentrations were continuously measured in the diluted exhaust stream from the constant volume sampler (CVS) during IM240 testing. Two isokinetic PM-10 samples were collected simultaneously using cyclones and filter holders connected to a dilution tube. Teflon filters were collected for total mass and then extracted for chloride, nitrate, and sulfate ions. Quartz filters were analyzed by the thermal/optical reflectance method for organic and elemental carbon. The quartz filters and backup vapor traps were then extracted and analyzed by GC/MS for 28 separate polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons. Mass emission rates of PM-10 per vehicle ranged from 5.6 to over 1300 mg/mi, with most of the mass attributable to carbon. Except for one vehicle with high sulfate emissions, the ion emissions were relatively low. Total PAH emissions were in the range of 10-200 mg/mi. 10 refs., 8 figs., 5 tabs.

Sagebiel, J.C.; Zielinska, B.; Walsh, P.A.; Chow, J.C. [Desert Research Inst., Reno, NV (United States); Cadle, S.H.; Mulawa, P.A. [General Motors Research and Development Center, Warren, MI (United States); Knapp, K.T.; Zweidinger, R.B. [U.S. EPA Mobile Source Emissions Branch, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States); Snow, R. [ManTech Environmental Technology, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States)

1997-01-01

419

Architecture of a framework for providing information services for public transport.  

PubMed

This paper presents OnRoute, a framework for developing and running ubiquitous software that provides information services to passengers of public transportation, including payment systems and on-route guidance services. To achieve a high level of interoperability, accessibility and context awareness, OnRoute uses the ubiquitous computing paradigm. To guarantee the quality of the software produced, the reliable software principles used in critical contexts, such as automotive systems, are also considered by the framework. The main components of its architecture (run-time, system services, software components and development discipline) and how they are deployed in the transportation network (stations and vehicles) are described in this paper. Finally, to illustrate the use of OnRoute, the development of a guidance service for travellers is explained. PMID:22778585

García, Carmelo R; Pérez, Ricardo; Lorenzo, Alvaro; Quesada-Arencibia, Alexis; Alayón, Francisco; Padrón, Gabino

2012-01-01

420

Architecture of a Framework for Providing Information Services for Public Transport  

PubMed Central

This paper presents OnRoute, a framework for developing and running ubiquitous software that provides information services to passengers of public transportation, including payment systems and on-route guidance services. To achieve a high level of interoperability, accessibility and context awareness, OnRoute uses the ubiquitous computing paradigm. To guarantee the quality of the software produced, the reliable software principles used in critical contexts, such as automotive systems, are also considered by the framework. The main components of its architecture (run-time, system services, software components and development discipline) and how they are deployed in the transportation network (stations and vehicles) are described in this paper. Finally, to illustrate the use of OnRoute, the development of a guidance service for travellers is explained. PMID:22778585

Garcia, Carmelo R.; Perez, Ricardo; Lorenzo, Alvaro; Quesada-Arencibia, Alexis; Alayon, Francisco; Padron, Gabino

2012-01-01

421

Comparative analysis of selected fuel cell vehicles  

SciTech Connect

Vehicles powered by fuel cells operate more efficiently, more quietly, and more cleanly than internal combustion engines (ICEs). Furthermore, methanol-fueled fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) can utilize major elements of the existing fueling infrastructure of present-day liquid-fueled ICE vehicles (ICEVs). DOE has maintained an active program to stimulate the development and demonstration o fuel cell technologies in conjunction with rechargeable batteries in road vehicles. The purpose of this study is to identify and assess the availability of data on FCVs, and to develop a vehicle subsystem structure that can be used to compare both FCVs and ICEV, from a number of perspectives--environmental impacts, energy utilization, materials usage, and life cycle costs. This report focuses on methanol-fueled FCVs fueled by gasoline, methanol, and diesel fuel that are likely to be demonstratable by the year 2000. The comparative analysis presented covers four vehicles--two passenger vehicles and two urban transit buses. The passenger vehicles include an ICEV using either gasoline or methanol and an FCV using methanol. The FCV uses a Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cell, an on-board methanol reformer, mid-term batteries, and an AC motor. The transit bus ICEV was evaluated for both diesel and methanol fuels. The transit bus FCV runs on methanol and uses a Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell (PAFC) fuel cell, near-term batteries, a DC motor, and an on-board methanol reformer. 75 refs.

NONE

1993-05-07

422

Child Passenger Safety http://passengersafety.tamu.edu  

E-print Network

vehicle occupant- related death and injury is $7 billion for children ages 14 and under. · Safety belts of injury to children in crashes by 59% compared to the use of adult safety belts. · Lack of access Safety Project at the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service works to reduce deaths and injuries from motor

423

Advanced propulsion system concept for hybrid vehicles  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A series hybrid system, utilizing a free piston Stirling engine with a linear alternator, and a parallel hybrid system, incorporating a kinematic Stirling engine, are analyzed for various specified reference missions/vehicles ranging from a small two passenger commuter vehicle to a van. Parametric studies for each configuration, detail tradeoff studies to determine engine, battery and system definition, short term energy storage evaluation, and detail life cycle cost studies were performed. Results indicate that the selection of a parallel Stirling engine/electric, hybrid propulsion system can significantly reduce petroleum consumption by 70 percent over present conventional vehicles.

Bhate, S.; Chen, H.; Dochat, G.

1980-01-01

424

The Economic, Energy, and GHG Emissions Impacts of Proposed 2017–2025 Vehicle Fuel Economy Standards in the United States  

E-print Network

Increases in the U.S. Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) Standards for 2017 to 2025 model year light-duty vehicles are currently under consideration. This analysis uses an economy-wide model with detail in the passenger ...

Karplus, Valerie

2012-07-31

425

Ecology profile of the german high-speed rail passenger transport system, ICE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intention, Goal, Scope, Background, Objectives  Environmental effects caused by the railway transport services have rarely been investigated in depth from a systemic point\\u000a of view. A screening LCA, called ecology profile, of the German high-speed passenger train system, the ICE, is presented here,\\u000a based on a study conducted by the University of Halle and the Deutsche Bahn AG, the major German

Christian von Rozycki; Heinz Koeser; Henning Schwarz

2003-01-01

426

46 CFR 185.730 - Servicing of inflatable liferafts, inflatable buoyant apparatus, inflatable life jackets, and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SMALL PASSENGER VESSELS (UNDER 100 GROSS TONS) OPERATIONS Operational Readiness, Maintenance, and Inspection of Lifesaving Equipment § 185.730 Servicing of inflatable liferafts,...

2012-10-01

427

46 CFR 185.740 - Periodic servicing of hydrostatic release units.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SMALL PASSENGER VESSELS (UNDER 100 GROSS TONS) OPERATIONS Operational Readiness, Maintenance, and Inspection of Lifesaving Equipment § 185.740 Periodic servicing of hydrostatic...

2012-10-01

428

46 CFR 185.730 - Servicing of inflatable liferafts, inflatable buoyant apparatus, inflatable life jackets, and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SMALL PASSENGER VESSELS (UNDER 100 GROSS TONS) OPERATIONS Operational Readiness, Maintenance, and Inspection of Lifesaving Equipment § 185.730 Servicing of inflatable liferafts,...

2013-10-01

429

46 CFR 185.730 - Servicing of inflatable liferafts, inflatable buoyant apparatus, inflatable life jackets, and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SMALL PASSENGER VESSELS (UNDER 100 GROSS TONS) OPERATIONS Operational Readiness, Maintenance, and Inspection of Lifesaving Equipment § 185.730 Servicing of inflatable liferafts,...

2010-10-01

430

46 CFR 185.740 - Periodic servicing of hydrostatic release units.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SMALL PASSENGER VESSELS (UNDER 100 GROSS TONS) OPERATIONS Operational Readiness, Maintenance, and Inspection of Lifesaving Equipment § 185.740 Periodic servicing of hydrostatic...

2013-10-01

431

46 CFR 185.730 - Servicing of inflatable liferafts, inflatable buoyant apparatus, inflatable life jackets, and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SMALL PASSENGER VESSELS (UNDER 100 GROSS TONS) OPERATIONS Operational Readiness, Maintenance, and Inspection of Lifesaving Equipment § 185.730 Servicing of inflatable liferafts,...

2011-10-01

432

46 CFR 185.740 - Periodic servicing of hydrostatic release units.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) SMALL PASSENGER VESSELS (UNDER 100 GROSS TONS) OPERATIONS Operational Readiness, Maintenance, and Inspection of Lifesaving Equipment § 185.740 Periodic servicing of hydrostatic...

2011-10-01

433

All terrain vehicle.  

PubMed

MSOs (management service organizations) offer health systems and physicians a flexible, resilient vehicle for integration. But they work much better when providers tailor them carefully to their markets and give them a clear mission. PMID:10169733

Guzzetta, D C

1997-01-01

434

Analysis of 121 fatal passenger car-adult pedestrian accidents in China.  

PubMed

To study the characteristics of fatal vehicle-pedestrian accidents in China?a team was established and passenger car-pedestrian crash cases occurring between 2006 and 2011 in Beijing and Chongqing, China were collected. A total of 121 fatal passenger car-adult pedestrian collisions were sampled and analyzed. The pedestrian injuries were scored according to Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and Injury Severity Score (ISS). The demographical distributions of fatal pedestrian accidents differed from other pedestrian accidents. Among the victims, no significant discrepancy in the distribution of ISS and AIS in head, thorax, abdomen, and extremities by pedestrian age was found, while pedestrian behaviors prior to the crashes may affect the ISS. The distributions of AIS in head, thorax, and abdomen among the fatalities did not show any association with impact speeds or vehicle types, whereas there was a strong relationship between the ISS and impact speeds. Whether pedestrians died in the accident field or not was not associated with the ISS or AIS. The present results may be useful for not only forensic experts but also vehicle safety researchers. More investigations regarding fatal pedestrian accidents need be conducted in great detail. PMID:25287805

Zhao, Hui; Yin, Zhiyong; Yang, Guangyu; Che, Xingping; Xie, Jingru; Huang, Wei; Wang, Zhengguo

2014-10-01

435

14 CFR 382.17 - May carriers limit the number of passengers with a disability on a flight?  

...REGULATIONS NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY IN AIR TRAVEL Nondiscrimination and Access to Services and Information...must not limit the number of passengers with a disability who travel on a flight. (See also § 382.27(c)(6) of this...

2014-01-01

436

78 FR 22363 - Environmental Impact Statement for the All Aboard Florida Miami-Orlando Passenger Rail Project  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administration Environmental Impact Statement for the All Aboard Florida Miami-- Orlando Passenger...service proposed by the private company, All Aboard Florida--Operations LLC (AAF...in the preparation of the EIS. To ensure all significant issues are identified and...

2013-04-15

437

77 FR 17325 - Special Conditions: Airbus, A350-900 Series Airplane; Passenger Seats With Non-Traditional, Large...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...survivability during a post-crash fire event. The applicable...Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification Service...the effects of post-crash flammability in the passenger...correlation with post- crash fire survival time...fabric. The Seattle Aircraft Certification...

2012-03-26

438

Air Passenger Preferences for Choice of Airport and Ground Access Mode in the New York City Metropolitan Region  

Microsoft Academic Search

In current practice, regional models are limited in their capability to analyze policies involving changes and improvements to airports (and their services) and ground access transportation. Typically, airports are treated only as employment centers or as special generators. Important and distinct features of air passenger travel affecting trip distribution and mode choice are rarely modeled explicitly. This paper presents the

Surabhi Gupta; Peter Vovsha; Robert M Donnelly

2008-01-01

439

Passenger comfort technology for system decision making  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Decisions requiring passenger comfort technology were shown to depend on: the relationship between comfort and other factors (e.g., cost, urgency, alternate modes) in traveler acceptance of the systems, serving a selected market require technology to quantify effects of comfort versus offsetting factors in system acceptance. Public predict the maximum percentage of travelers who willingly accept the overall comfort of any trip ride. One or the other of these technology requirements apply to decisions on system design, operation and maintenance.

Conner, D. W.

1980-01-01

440

Design and optimal control of on-orbit servicing trajectory for target vehicle in non-coplanar elliptical orbit  

Microsoft Academic Search

Autonomous on-orbit servicing provides flexibility to space systems and has great value both in civil and in military. When a satellite performs on-orbit servicing tasks, flying around is the basic type of motion. This paper is concerned with the design and control problems of a chaser satellite flying around a target spacecraft in non-coplanar elliptical orbit for a long time.

Wenyong Zhou; Jianping Yuan; Jianjun Luo

2005-01-01

441

Hazards Faced by Young Designated Drivers: In-Car Risks of Driving Drunken Passengers  

PubMed Central

This qualitative study explored the risk in the practice of young designated drivers transporting drunken peers. Young drivers 18–29 years old in Alberta, Canada participated in 12 focus groups (N = 146). Interviews were semi-structured. A key finding is that when highly intoxicated youth are driven by a designated driver who is a peer, they are likely to behave in ways that are unsafe. Unsafe actions of drunken passengers in the vehicle include physical “rough-housing” with the driver, creating stress for the driver that leads to high risk driving situations and disrupting safe driving through nausea and in-car vomiting. PMID:19578459

Rothe, Peter J.; Carroll, Linda J.

2009-01-01

442

Hazards faced by young designated drivers: in-car risks of driving drunken passengers.  

PubMed

This qualitative study explored the risk in the practice of young designated drivers transporting drunken peers. Young drivers 18-29 years old in Alberta, Canada participated in 12 focus groups (N = 146). Interviews were semi-structured. A key finding is that when highly intoxicated youth are driven by a designated driver who is a peer, they are likely to behave in ways that are unsafe. Unsafe actions of drunken passengers in the vehicle include physical "rough-housing" with the driver, creating stress for the driver that leads to high risk driving situations and disrupting safe driving through nausea and in-car vomiting. PMID:19578459

Rothe, Peter J; Carroll, Linda J

2009-06-01

443

CAN-based passenger car starter information integrated control method and its implementation  

Microsoft Academic Search

CAN (controller area network) applied in passenger car provides information sharing platform for ECUs (electronic control units). It is essential to implement passenger car information integrated control for enhancing safety, comfort, and added-value of passenger car. As a typical mechanical and electric device relating to efficiency and safety of passenger car start process, passenger car starter is easy to be

Jian Hu; Gangyan Li

2009-01-01

444

Emergency-vehicle VHF antenna  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Helical VHF antenna mounts on roof of moving vehicle to communicate with distant stations via earth satellites. Antenna requires no pointing and can provide two-way communication while vehicle moves at high speed. Device has proved extremely successful in electrocardiogram transmission tests between medical services vehicle and hospital emergency room.

Anderson, R. E.; Carlson, A. W.; Lewis, J.

1977-01-01

445

New Capabilities to Achieve Future Major Astrophysical Goals in Space: In-Space Servicing and the Ares V Heavy Lift Launch Vehicle  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The astronomy community, NASA Centers, and the National Academy of Sciences are beginning the processes to design, assess, and advocate a generation of very large, very capable astronomical observatories for the post-JWST time period; that is, about 2020 and beyond. Simultaneously, commercial companies and entrepreneurs, as well as NASA's human spaceflight program, are investing in capabilities that may be adapted - and, indeed, may be necessary - to enable the most ambitious science missions in space. In this presentation, we describe the history of and recent progress in space robotics, notably DARPA's Orbital Express program, which demonstrated in Spring, 2007 effective in-space acquisition, rendezvous, docking, and instrument transfer. We also will summarize recent concepts for modest augmentation of the Orion/Crew Exploration Vehicle that would permit astronaut and/or robotic servicing of the science community's most valuable space assets. Finally, we will outline our proposed study of the Ares V heavy lift launch vehicle, which has the potential to put a 8 m monolithic telescope - or even larger segmented/deployable optic - into the Sun-Earth L2 orbit.

Thronson, Harley A., Jr.; Postman, M.; Stahl, P.; Lester, D.; Lillie, C.; Moe, R.; Schweitzer, A.; Varsi, G.; Espero, T.

2007-12-01

446

Indoor to outdoor air quality associations with self-pollution implications inside passenger car cabins  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, in-vehicle and out-vehicle concentrations of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and carbon monoxide (CO) are measured to assess commuter's exposure in a commercial residential area and on a highway, under three popular ventilation modes namely, one window half opened, air conditioning on fresh air intake, and air conditioning on recirculation and examine its relationship to scarcely studied parameters including self pollution, out-vehicle sample intake location and meteorological gradients. Self pollution is the intrusion of a vehicle's own engine fumes into the passenger's compartment. For this purpose, six car makes with different ages were instrumented to concomitantly monitor in- and out-vehicle PM2.5 and CO concentrations as well as meteorological parameters. Air pollution levels were unexpectedly higher in new cars compared to old cars, with in-cabin air quality most correlated to that of out-vehicle air near the front windshield. Self-pollution was observed at variable rates in three of the six tested cars. Significant correlations were identified between indoor to outdoor pressure difference and PM2.5 and CO In/Out (IO) ratios under air recirculation and window half opened ventilation modes whereas temperature and humidity difference affected CO IO ratios only under the air recirculation ventilation mode.

Abi-Esber, L.; El-Fadel, M.

2013-12-01

447

Hypervelocity Impact of Unstressed and Stressed Titanium in a Whipple Configuration in Support of the Orion Crew Exploration Vehicle Service Module Propellant Tanks  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Hypervelocity impacts were performed on six unstressed and six stressed titanium coupons with aluminium shielding in order to assess the effects of the partial penetration damage on the post impact micromechanical properties of titanium and on the residual strength after impact. This work is performed in support of the definition of the penetration criteria of the propellant tanks surfaces for the service module of the crew exploration vehicle where such a criterion is based on testing and analyses rather than on historical precedence. The objective of this work is to assess the effects of applied biaxial stress on the damage dynamics and morphology. The crater statistics revealed minute differences between stressed and unstressed coupon damage. The post impact residual stress analyses showed that the titanium strength properties were generally unchanged for the unstressed coupons when compared with undamaged titanium. However, high localized strains were shown near the craters during the tensile tests.

Nahra, Henry K.; Christiansen, Eric; Piekutowski, Andrew; Lyons, Frankel; Keddy, Christopher; Salem, Jonathan; Miller, Joshua; Bohl, William; Poormon, Kevin; Greene, Nathanel; Rodriquez, Karen

2010-01-01

448

Hypervelocity Impact of Unstressed and Stressed Titanium in a Whipple Configuration in Support of the Orion Crew Exploration Vehicle Service Module Propellant Tanks  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Hypervelocity impacts were performed on six unstressed and six stressed titanium coupons with aluminium: shielding in order to assess the effects of the partial penetration damage on the post impact micromechanical properties of titanium and on the residual strength after impact. This work is performed in support of the defInition of the penetration criteria of the propellant and oxidizer tanks dome surfaces for the service module of the crew exploration vehicle where such a criterion is based on testing and analyses rather than on historical precedence. The objective of this work is to assess the effects of applied biaxial stress on the damage dynamics and morphology. The crater statistics revealed minute differences between stressed and unstressed coupon damage. The post impact residual stress analyses showed that the titanium strength properties were generally unchanged for the unstressed coupons when compared with undamaged titanium. However, high localized strains were shown near the craters during the tensile tests.

Nahra, Henry K.; Christiansen, Eric; Piekutowski, Andrew; Lyons, Frankel; Keddy, Christopher; Salem, Jonathan; Poormon, Kevin; Bohl, William; Miller, Joshua; Greene, Nathanael; Rodriquez, Karen

2010-01-01

449

Association of automobile passenger transportation and economic growth in Japan  

E-print Network

) (Nember) January 1969 ABSTRACT Association cf Automobile Passenger Transportation and Economic Growth in Japan. (January 1969) Teruhiko Boric, B. A. , &faseda University Directed by: Dr. ~felvin L. Greenhut In order to evaluate the growth... of Japanese post-war passenger transportation, a comparative study of the U. S. passenger transporta- ti. on development between 1910 and 1940 has been made. The growth rate of automobile ownership prior to the Great Depression is larger than the rate...

Horie, Teruhiko

2012-06-07

450

Vehicle systems design optimization study  

SciTech Connect

The optimization of an electric vehicle layout requires a weight distribution in the range of 53/47 to 62/38 in order to assure dynamic handling characteristics comparable to current production internal combustion engine vehicles. It is possible to achieve this goal and also provide passenger and cargo space comparable to a selected current production sub-compact car either in a unique new design or by utilizing the production vehicle as a base. Necessary modification of the base vehicle can be accomplished without major modification of the structure or running gear. As long as batteries are as heavy and require as much space as they currently do, they must be divided into two packages - one at front under the hood and a second at the rear under the cargo area - in order to achieve the desired weight distribution. The weight distribution criteria requires the placement of batteries at the front of the vehicle even when the central tunnel is used for the location of some batteries. The optimum layout has a front motor and front wheel drive. This configuration provides the optimum vehicle dynamic handling characteristics and the maximum passsenger and cargo space for a given size vehicle.

Gilmour, J. L.

1980-04-01

451

Location-sensitive Itinerary-based Passenger Information System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper covers the design and implementation of our context-aware passenger support system in which passengers are provided with location-based guidance throughout their travel itineraries. The system consists of itinerary-management server, route-choice support system, mail server, automatic fare collection gates located at railway stations, and cellular phones which are used as user terminals. Experimental operation of the system has been carried out in Tokyo. The questionnaire survey shows that the system is effective enough to be able to support novice passengers who use railways less frequently. We also summarize several technological challenges required for putting our passenger support systems into real operation.

Tsuchiya, Ryuji; Matsuoka, Akihiko; Ogino, Takahiko; Goto, Kouich; Nakao, Toshiro; Takebayashi, Hajime

452

Impact of deleterious passenger mutations on cancer progression  

PubMed Central

Cancer progression is driven by the accumulation of a small number of genetic alterations. However, these few driver alterations reside in a cancer genome alongside tens of thousands of additional mutations termed passengers. Passengers are widely believed to have no role in cancer, yet many passengers fall within protein-coding genes and other functional elements that can have potentially deleterious effects on cancer cells. Here we investigate the potential of moderately deleterious passengers to accumulate and alter the course of neoplastic progression. Our approach combines evolutionary simulations of cancer progression with an analysis of cancer sequencing data. From simulations, we find that passengers accumulate and largely evade natural selection during progression. Although individually weak, the collective burden of passengers alters the course of progression, leading to several oncological phenomena that are hard to explain with a traditional driver-centric view. We then tested the predictions of our model using cancer genomics data and confirmed that many passengers are likely damaging and have largely evaded negative selection. Finally, we use our model to explore cancer treatments that exploit the load of passengers by either (i) increasing the mutation rate or (ii) exacerbating their deleterious effects. Though both approaches lead to cancer regression, the latter is a more effective therapy. Our results suggest a unique framework for understanding cancer progression as a balance of driver and passenger mutations. PMID:23388632

McFarland, Christopher D.; Korolev, Kirill S.; Kryukov, Gregory V.; Sunyaev, Shamil R.; Mirny, Leonid A.

2013-01-01

453

Field and service applications - An infrastructure-free automated guided vehicle based on computer vision - An Effort to Make an Industrial Robot Vehicle that Can Operate without Supporting Infrastructure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Automated guided vehicles (AGVs) have been operating effectively in factories for decades. These vehicles have successfully used strategies of deliberately structuring the environment and adapting the process to the automation. The potential of computer vision technology to increase the intelligence and adaptability of AGVs is largely unexploited in contemporary commercially available vehicles. We developed an infrastructure-free AGV that uses four

ALONZO KELLY; BRYAN NAGY; DAVID STAGER; RANJITH UNNIKRISHNAN

2007-01-01

454

Understanding bus service reliability : a practical framework using AVL/APC data  

E-print Network

Service reliability on a transit system can have significant impacts on its provider and both existing and potential users. To passengers, unreliable service affects their perception of service quality and transit utility ...

Cham, Laura Cecilia

2006-01-01

455

Thoracic spine injury after a high-speed motor vehicle crash.  

PubMed

In late October, a hospital-based flight team was activated at 9:30 pm for an approximately 30-year-old man involved in a high-speed motor vehicle crash into a tree. Per emergency medical services (EMS) documentation, flight service was requested for advanced airway management and rapid transport of the patient to a Level 1 trauma center. Ground transport was estimated at 60+ minutes, whereas actual flight time was less than 15 minutes. On the crew's arrival at the designated landing zone, they were escorted to an ambulance where a 100-kg man was immobilized on a stretcher. Because the landing area was at a remote location, the flight team did not witness the scene; however, the ground paramedic reported that the patient was the single-occupant driver of a small sedan. Given the extent of damage to the front and passenger side of the vehicle, it was determined that the patient was driving at a high rate of speed when he struck the tree. He required approximately 20 to 25 minutes of extrication. An empty bottle of zolpidem (Ambien) was found on the floor of the vehicle; the 30-day prescription had been filled approximately a week before the accident occurred. PMID:20207304

Tilney, Peter

2010-01-01

456

Integrating Redundancy Management and Real-time Services for Ultra Reliable Control Systems  

E-print Network

pressure and passengers' air-condition. The IHAS and IECS systems achieve substantial reduction in the very and weight, and thus decreasing running costs of aircraft and space vehicles. The Integrated Hazard Avoidance the operating environment to ensure safe use of the equipment on the aircraft and the comfort of passengers

Younis, Mohamed

457

76 FR 36138 - Certificate of Alternative Compliance for the Passenger Vessel CHICAGO'S LEADING LADY  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Compliance for the Passenger Vessel CHICAGO'S LEADING LADY AGENCY: Coast Guard, DHS. ACTION...issued for the passenger vessel CHICAGO'S LEADING LADY. DATES: The Certificate of Alternative...issued for the passenger vessel CHICAGO'S LEADING LADY. The vessel's primary...

2011-06-21

458

33 CFR 110.231 - Ketchikan Harbor, Alaska, Large Passenger Vessel Anchorage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Ketchikan Harbor, Alaska, Large Passenger Vessel Anchorage...Grounds § 110.231 Ketchikan Harbor, Alaska, Large Passenger Vessel Anchorage...anchorage grounds. Ketchikan Harbor, Alaska, Large Passenger Vessel...

2013-07-01

459

33 CFR 110.231 - Ketchikan Harbor, Alaska, Large Passenger Vessel Anchorage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Ketchikan Harbor, Alaska, Large Passenger Vessel Anchorage...Grounds § 110.231 Ketchikan Harbor, Alaska, Large Passenger Vessel Anchorage...anchorage grounds. Ketchikan Harbor, Alaska, Large Passenger Vessel...

2010-07-01

460

33 CFR 110.231 - Ketchikan Harbor, Alaska, Large Passenger Vessel Anchorage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Ketchikan Harbor, Alaska, Large Passenger Vessel Anchorage...Grounds § 110.231 Ketchikan Harbor, Alaska, Large Passenger Vessel Anchorage...anchorage grounds. Ketchikan Harbor, Alaska, Large Passenger Vessel...

2012-07-01

461

33 CFR 110.231 - Ketchikan Harbor, Alaska, Large Passenger Vessel Anchorage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Ketchikan Harbor, Alaska, Large Passenger Vessel Anchorage...Grounds § 110.231 Ketchikan Harbor, Alaska, Large Passenger Vessel Anchorage...anchorage grounds. Ketchikan Harbor, Alaska, Large Passenger Vessel...

2011-07-01

462

49 CFR 176.166 - Transport of Class 1 (explosive) materials on passenger vessels.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Transport of Class 1 (explosive) materials on passenger vessels...Detailed Requirements for Class 1 (Explosive) Materials Passenger Vessels § 176.166 Transport of Class 1 (explosive) materials on passenger...

2010-10-01

463

49 CFR 176.166 - Transport of Class 1 (explosive) materials on passenger vessels.  

... false Transport of Class 1 (explosive) materials on passenger vessels...Detailed Requirements for Class 1 (Explosive) Materials Passenger Vessels § 176.166 Transport of Class 1 (explosive) materials on passenger...

2014-10-01

464

49 CFR 176.166 - Transport of Class 1 (explosive) materials on passenger vessels.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Transport of Class 1 (explosive) materials on passenger vessels...Detailed Requirements for Class 1 (Explosive) Materials Passenger Vessels § 176.166 Transport of Class 1 (explosive) materials on passenger...

2011-10-01

465

49 CFR 176.166 - Transport of Class 1 (explosive) materials on passenger vessels.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Transport of Class 1 (explosive) materials on passenger vessels...Detailed Requirements for Class 1 (Explosive) Materials Passenger Vessels § 176.166 Transport of Class 1 (explosive) materials on passenger...

2013-10-01

466

49 CFR 176.166 - Transport of Class 1 (explosive) materials on passenger vessels.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Transport of Class 1 (explosive) materials on passenger vessels...Detailed Requirements for Class 1 (Explosive) Materials Passenger Vessels § 176.166 Transport of Class 1 (explosive) materials on passenger...

2012-10-01

467

49 CFR 223.17 - Identification of equipped locomotives, passenger cars and cabooses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Identification of equipped locomotives, passenger cars and cabooses. 223.17 Section 223...GLAZING STANDARDS-LOCOMOTIVES, PASSENGER CARS AND CABOOSES Specific Requirements ...Identification of equipped locomotives, passenger cars and cabooses. Each locomotive,...

2011-10-01

468

49 CFR 223.17 - Identification of equipped locomotives, passenger cars and cabooses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Identification of equipped locomotives, passenger cars and cabooses. 223.17 Section 223...GLAZING STANDARDS-LOCOMOTIVES, PASSENGER CARS AND CABOOSES Specific Requirements ...Identification of equipped locomotives, passenger cars and cabooses. Each locomotive,...

2010-10-01

469

49 CFR 223.17 - Identification of equipped locomotives, passenger cars and cabooses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Identification of equipped locomotives, passenger cars and cabooses. 223.17 Section 223...GLAZING STANDARDS-LOCOMOTIVES, PASSENGER CARS AND CABOOSES Specific Requirements ...Identification of equipped locomotives, passenger cars and cabooses. Each locomotive,...

2013-10-01

470

78 FR 45997 - Notice of Receipt of Petition for Decision That Nonconforming 1996 Chevrolet Impala Passenger...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Nonconforming 1996 Chevrolet Impala Passenger Cars Are Eligible for Importation AGENCY: National...nonconforming 1996 Chevrolet Impala passenger cars that were not originally manufactured to...of the 1996 Chevrolet Impala passenger cars) and they are capable of being...

2013-07-30

471

77 FR 69539 - Notice of Receipt of Petition for Decision That Nonconforming 2007 Chevrolet Corvette Passenger...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Nonconforming 2007 Chevrolet Corvette Passenger Cars Are Eligible for Importation AGENCY: National...nonconforming 2007 Chevrolet Corvette passenger cars that were not originally manufactured to...of the 2007 Chevrolet Corvette passenger cars) and they are capable of being...

2012-11-19

472

49 CFR 223.17 - Identification of equipped locomotives, passenger cars and cabooses.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Identification of equipped locomotives, passenger cars and cabooses. 223.17 Section 223...GLAZING STANDARDS-LOCOMOTIVES, PASSENGER CARS AND CABOOSES Specific Requirements ...Identification of equipped locomotives, passenger cars and cabooses. Each locomotive,...

2012-10-01

473

Ansaldo programs on fuel cell vehicles  

SciTech Connect

The growth in traffic and the importance of maintaining a stable ecology at the global scale, particularly with regard to atmospheric pollution, raises the necessity to realize a new generation of vehicles which are more efficient, more economical and compatible with the environment. At European level, the Car of Tomorrow task force has identified fuel cells as a promising alternative propulsion system. Ansaldo Ricerche has been involved in the development of fuel cell vehicles since the early nineties. Current ongoing programs relates to: (1) Fuel cell bus demonstrator (EQHEPP BUS) Test in 1996 (2) Fuel cell boat demonstrator (EQHHPP BOAT) Test in 1997 (3) Fuel cell passenger car prototype (FEVER) Test in 1997 (4) 2nd generation Fuel cell bus (FCBUS) 1996-1999 (5) 2nd generation Fuel cell passenger car (HYDRO-GEN) 1996-1999.

Marcenaro, B.G.; Federici, F. [Ansaldo Ricerche Srl, Genova (Italy)

1996-12-31

474

Vehicle electrification is an important element in the nation's plan to transition  

E-print Network

environmental impact and maintain mobility in a carbon- constrained future. Well over half of America's passenger cars travel between 20 and 40 miles daily ­ a range that electric vehicles (EVs) and plug laboratories and industry are working together to refine and manufacture vehicle and battery technology

Kemner, Ken

475

40 CFR Appendix II to Subpart S of... - As-Received Testing Vehicle Rejection Criteria  

...CONTINUED) General Compliance Provisions for Control of Air Pollution From New and In-Use Light-Duty Vehicles, Light-Duty...has been used for severe duty (trailer towing for passenger cars, snow plowing, racing) 4. The vehicle has a...

2014-07-01

476

Projection of the effects of electric vehicles on highway accident statistics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Estimates of the number of accidents, injuries, and fatalities which might result from introduction of electric and hybrid vehicles into the general passenger vehicle fleet are presented. In order to derive such an estimate, existing accident data banks for small internal combustion engine cars operating primarily in urban areas were utilized, and the data were extrapolated to some assumed electric

J. ODay; L. Huang; H. M. Bunch

1978-01-01

477

Environmental and energy considerations for electric vehicles in urban use. Paper No. 7753  

Microsoft Academic Search

The electric passenger car in urban use is discussed from the standpoint of broad social interests, and some vehicle engineering improvements necessary to make the lead-acid battery more viable are given. Topics considered include: vehicle mobility and range; safety; reduced operating expense; reduced air and noise pollution; low energy consumption; reduced use of fossil fuels; employment; improving existing land use;

H. W. Poston; J. Seliber

1977-01-01

478

Use of portable emissions measurement system (PEMS) for the development and validation of passenger car emission factors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper discusses the development and validation of passenger car emission factors, using real world operation data. In total, six passenger cars of different technologies were studied. The tested vehicles were operated under various driving conditions and over two different routes in the region of Lombardia, Italy. These routes were specifically defined in order to provide a range of driving conditions, including urban, rural and highway driving. Tailpipe emissions and exhaust gas flows were measured on-board the vehicle, using a portable emissions measurement system (PEMS). In addition, all vehicles were tested over the European type-approval driving cycle (NEDC) with the same PEMS equipment. The testing of gasoline vehicles showed that emissions are well below the emission standards and do not raise any concern. However, the testing of diesel vehicles both under real-world driving conditions and over the NEDC brought to the surface important concerns regarding the actual NOx emissions of modern diesel vehicles, since they seem to comply with the corresponding emission standard over the type-approval cycle, but they constantly exceed the specified limit when tested under real-world driving conditions. Results from real-world operation revealed that there is a significant deviation from the NOx emission standard limit (especially for the newly introduced Euro 5 technology). These observations raise concerns regarding the actual NOx emissions of modern vehicles and their impact on urban air-quality. The emission factors originally measured on the road are also compared to the corresponding COPERT average speed emission factors. In general, emissions of CO2, THC and CO correlate fairly well with COPERT, for all vehicles. In the case of NOx emissions, emission levels of the two tested Euro 5 diesel passenger cars are consistently higher in urban, rural, and highway driving compared to the corresponding COPERT emission factor. Thus, leading to the conclusion that more experimental data are necessary, especially for post-Euro 4 compliant diesel vehicles of different engine capacities particularly when it comes to NOx emissions from diesel vehicles.

Kousoulidou, Marina; Fontaras, Georgios; Ntziachristos, Leonidas; Bonnel, Pierre; Samaras, Zissis; Dilara, Panagiota

2013-01-01

479

Developing Singapore Driving Cycle for passenger cars to estimate fuel consumption and vehicular emissions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Singapore has pledged to attain 7-11% Business-As-Usual carbon emissions reduction by 2020. Road transport sector is a significant source of carbon emissions, estimated to be the third largest sector in Singapore. A current gap in environmental evaluation for road transport activities in Singapore is the lack of a representative driving cycle for passenger cars (64% of the total population of 974,170 vehicles). This Singapore Driving Cycle (SDC) is hence developed for Singapore roads and traffic conditions. A chase-car (instrumented vehicle) was used to collect on-road data along 12 designed routes, and circulation driving on highly utilized arterial roads (including those in Central Business District (CBD) and both inner and outer ring roads fringing the CBD area). The SDC was thus hence constructed, with consideration of road type proportions, time periods and desired distance, duration and peak-lull proportion. In essence, the SDC is a 2400-s speed-time profile to represent the driving pattern for passenger car in Singapore. Microscopic estimation model (CMEM) shows that, as compared to SDC, the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC) underestimates most of the vehicular emissions (fuel, CO2, HC and NOx by 5%, 5%, 22% and 47%, respectively) and overestimates CO by 8%. The SDC is thus more suitable than the NEDC that is currently in use in Singapore; the SDC can be used to generate more accurate fuel consumption and emissions ratings for various uses (for example, inventory of vehicular emissions and fuel economy labelling).

Ho, Sze-Hwee; Wong, Yiik-Diew; Chang, Victor Wei-Chung

2014-11-01

480

Active electromagnetic suspension system for improved vehicle dynamics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper offers motivations for an active suspension system which provides for both additional stability and maneuverability by performing active roll and pitch control during cornering and braking as well as eliminating road irregularities, hence increasing both vehicle and passenger safety and drive comfort. Various technologies are compared to the proposed electromagnetic suspension system which uses a tubular permanent magnet

Bart L. J. Gysen; Johannes J. H. Paulides; Jeroen L. G. Janssen; Elena A. Lomonova

2008-01-01

481

Vehicle lateral controller design exploiting properties of SITO systems  

E-print Network

is equipped with an electric motor acting on the steering angle (the command in- put) and a vision system wires placed along the road. The problem, in the case of passenger cars, was analyzed in this framework intelligent vehicles, given from the mid 1970's till early 1990's are surveyed by Tsugawa [18]. In paper [5

Regruto, Diego

482

Challenges in simulation of rail vehicle dynamics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rail vehicle dynamic simulation has progressed a long way from its origins as a research tool. Modern multibody software packages are used as an essential part of the design process for new vehicles and for investigating service problems with existing vehicles. Increasingly, simulation is being used as part of the vehicle acceptance process in place of on-track testing. This state

Jerry Evans; Mats Berg

2009-01-01

483

Supplemental Data Passenger-Strand Cleavage Facilitates Assembly  

E-print Network

by separating a racemic mixture of a PS-modified CU dinucleotide (Dharmacon) by reverse phase3. A Single Racemic Phosphorothioate Modification on the Passenger Strand Inhibited siRNA Unwinding-radiolabeled guide strand (red) annealed to a passenger containing a racemic phosphorothioate at the linkage between

Bartel, David

484

Cell Cycle . Author manuscript Aurora B kinase, an immobile passenger!  

E-print Network

Cell Cycle . Author manuscript Page /1 2 Aurora B kinase, an immobile passenger! Marl ne Delacour Keywords Chromosomal passenger complex ; Aurora kinase ; Survivin ; INCENP ; Borealin ; FRAP ; Microtubule composed of Aurora B kinase, Survivin, Borealin and INCENP. The centromeric complex is involved

Boyer, Edmond

485

Reducing passenger boarding time in airplanes: A simulation based approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increase in air travel puts tremendous strain on existing airport facilities, so turnaround times for airplanes are under constant pressure to be reduced. Part of the turnaround time consists of the time required for passengers to board the plane and install themselves in their assigned seats. It seems that this boarding time for passengers is much higher than allowed,

Hendrik Van Landeghem; A. Beuselinck

2002-01-01

486

46 CFR 178.215 - Weight of passengers and crew.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Weight of passengers and crew. 178.215...for Operating Personnel § 178.215 Weight of passengers and crew. (a) This...provide the master with the total test weight used in the simplified stability...

2012-10-01

487

46 CFR 178.215 - Weight of passengers and crew.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Weight of passengers and crew. 178.215...for Operating Personnel § 178.215 Weight of passengers and crew. (a) This...provide the master with the total test weight used in the simplified stability...

2013-10-01

488

46 CFR 178.215 - Weight of passengers and crew.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Weight of passengers and crew. 178.215...for Operating Personnel § 178.215 Weight of passengers and crew. (a) This...provide the master with the total test weight used in the simplified stability...

2011-10-01

489

Energy efficiency of electrified passenger railway in the Canadian context  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy requirements of electrified passenger trains have not been adequately addressed in the technical literature. This paper examines in the Canadian context: (1) the energy implications of passenger railway electrification in terms of propulsion energy requirements (from primary energy source to final consumption) as well as the indirect energy needed for rolling stock and infrastructure, and (2) the relative energy

Khan

1980-01-01

490

Short haul air passenger data sources in the United States  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The sources and characteristics of existing data on short haul air passenger traffic in the United States domestic air market are described along with data availability, processing, and costs. Reference is made to data derived from aircraft operations since these data can be used to insure that no short haul operators are omitted during the process of assembling passenger data.

Al-Kazily, J.; Gosling, G.; Horonjeff, R.

1977-01-01

491

Shuttle passenger couch. [design and performance of engineering model  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Conceptual design and fabrication of a full scale shuttle passenger couch engineering model are reported. The model was utilized to verify anthropometric dimensions, reach dimensions, ingress/egress, couch operation, storage space, restraint locations, and crew acceptability. These data were then incorported in the design of the passenger couch verification model that underwent performance tests.

Rosener, A. A.; Stephenson, M. L.

1974-01-01

492

Research on the quality of passenger transportation by railway  

Microsoft Academic Search

The transportation of passengers by railroads is a dynamic process because setting, wherein the process takes place, undergoes continuous changes observed at technical, technological and transportation process planning levels. Every passenger has different needs and aims and can afford different possibilities. Therefore, the conception of quality differs in each individual case. In order to be able to plan a railway

Lijana Maskeli?naite; Henrikas Sivilevi?ius; Valentinas Podvezko

2009-01-01

493

Real-time passenger counting in buses using dense stereovision  

E-print Network

the heads of the passengers getting on or off the bus are then tracked during the image sequenceReal-time passenger counting in buses using dense stereovision Tarek Yahiaoui University Lille 1, Sciences and Technology LIFL Laboratory FOXMIIRE Team IRCICA Building Halley Avenue Parc scientifique de la

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

494

Near-term hybrid vehicle program, phase 1. Appendix B: Design trade-off studies. [various hybrid/electric power train configurations and electrical and mechanical drive-line components  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The relative attractiveness of various hybrid/electric power train configurations and electrical and mechanical drive-line components was studied. The initial screening was concerned primarily with total vehicle weight and economic factors and identified the hybrid power train combinations which warranted detailed evaluation over various driving cycles. This was done using a second-by-second vehicle simulation program which permitted the calculations of fuel economy, electricity usage, and emissions as a function of distance traveled in urban and highway driving. Power train arrangement possibilities were examined in terms of their effect on vehicle handling, safety, serviceability, and passenger comfort. A dc electric drive system utilizing a separately excited motor with field control and battery switching was selected for the near term hybrid vehicle. Hybrid vehicle simulations showed that for the first 30 mi (the electric range of the vehicle) in urban driving, the fuel economy was 80 mpg using a gasoline engine and 100 mpg using a diesel engine. In urban driving the hybrid would save about 75% of the fuel used by the conventional vehicle and in combined urban/highway driving the fuel saving is about 50%.

1979-01-01

495

Combining a New Vehicle Fuel Economy Standard with a Cap-and-Trade Policy: Energy and Economic Impact in the United States  

E-print Network

The United States has adopted fuel economy standards that require increases in the on-road efficiency of new passenger vehicles, with the goal of reducing petroleum use, as well as (more recently) greenhouse gas (GHG) ...

Karplus, V.J.

496

49 CFR 571.216 - Standard No. 216; Roof crush resistance; Applicable unless a vehicle is certified to § 571.216a.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Standards § 571.216 Standard No. 216; Roof crush resistance; Applicable unless a vehicle is certified to § 571.216a. S1. Scope. This standard establishes strength requirements for the passenger compartment roof. S2. Purpose. The...

2011-10-01

497

Video surveillance of passengers with mug shots  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The authority officer relies on facial mug-shots to spot suspects among crowds. Passing through a check point, the facial displays and printouts operate in low resolution fixed poses. Thus, a databases-cuing video is recommended for real-time surveillance with Aided-Target Recognition (AiTR) prompting the inspector taking a closer second look at a specific passenger. Taking advantage of commercial available Face Detection System on Chips (SOC) at 0.04sec, we develop a fast and smart algorithm to sort facial poses among passengers. We can increase the overlapping POFs (pixels on faces) in matching mug shots at arbitrary poses with sorted facial poses. Lemma: We define the long exposure as time average of facial poses and the short exposure as single facial pose in a frame of video in 30 Hz. The fiduciary triangle is defined among two eyes and nose-top. Theorem Self-Reference Matched Filtering (Szu et al. Opt Comm. 1980; JOSA, 1982) to Facial-Pose: If we replace the desirable output of Weiner filter as the long exposure, then the filter can select a short exposure as the normal view. Corollary: Given a short exposure as normal view, the fiduciary triangle can decide all poses from left-to-right and top-to-down.

Hsu, Ming Kai; Lee, Ting N.; Szu, Harold

2010-04-01

498

High-speed transpacific passenger flight  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The design task of high-speed passenger flight across the Pacific Ocean was addressed by four design teams of eight students each. Two teams examined hypersonic flight (Mach greater than 5) and two teams studied supersonic flight (Mach = 3). The specific task of the aircraft was to transport at least 250 passengers 6500 nautical miles while operating from airport runways of 15,000 feet. Four design concepts evolved; the supersonic designs--one a variable-sweep oblique wing and the other a cranked-arrow wing--use conventional turbine engines and liquid hydrocarbon fuels. The two hypersonic configurations, one with a variable-sweep wing and the other with a fixed, swept-wing planform, employ methane fueled, variable-cycle turbojet/ramjet propulsion systems. Both supersonic aircraft weigh less than 700,000 lbs at takeoff, while the variable-geometry hypersonic airplane is the heaviest at 1,100,000 lbs and weighs 170,000 lbs more than the fixed-wing hypersonic design. All the conceptual designs are shown to perform the transport mission, although development and operating cost estimates favor the supersonic designs over the hypersonic configurations.

1988-01-01

499

Emission control cost-effectiveness of alternative-fuel vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although various legislation and regulations have been adopted to promote the use of alternative-fuel vehicles for curbing urban air pollution problems, there is a lack of systematic comparisons of emission control cost-effectiveness among various alternative-fuel vehicle types. In this paper, life-cycle emission reductions and life-cycle costs were estimated for passenger cars fueled with methanol, ethanol, liquefied petroleum gas, compressed natural

Q. Wang; D. Sperling; J. Olmstead

1993-01-01

500

Near-term electric vehicle program: Phase I, final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

A final report is given for an Energy Research and Development Administration effort aimed at a preliminary design of an energy-efficient electric commuter car. An electric-powered passenger vehicle using a regenerative power system was designed to meet the near-term ERDA electric automobile goals. The program objectives were to (1) study the parameters that affect vehicle performance, range, and cost; (2)

B. H. Rowlett; R. Murry

1977-01-01