These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

TRANSPORT SERVICES DEPARTMENT MOTOR VEHICLE INCIDENT REPORT  

E-print Network

TRANSPORT SERVICES DEPARTMENT MOTOR VEHICLE INCIDENT REPORT PLEASE PRINT CLEARLY UNIV Ref applicable) _________________________________________________ 2 PASSENGER DETAILS) ___________________________________________________________ Number of passengers in Third Party vehicle at time of incident _________________________________ Details

Glasgow, University of

2

49 CFR 238.307 - Periodic mechanical inspection of passenger cars and unpowered vehicles used in passenger trains.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Periodic mechanical inspection of passenger cars and unpowered vehicles used in passenger...Periodic mechanical inspection of passenger cars and unpowered vehicles used in passenger...mechanical inspections of all passenger cars and all unpowered vehicles used...

2010-10-01

3

49 CFR 238.307 - Periodic mechanical inspection of passenger cars and unpowered vehicles used in passenger trains.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Periodic mechanical inspection of passenger cars and unpowered vehicles used in passenger...Periodic mechanical inspection of passenger cars and unpowered vehicles used in passenger...mechanical inspections of all passenger cars and all unpowered vehicles used...

2013-10-01

4

49 CFR 238.307 - Periodic mechanical inspection of passenger cars and unpowered vehicles used in passenger trains.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Periodic mechanical inspection of passenger cars and unpowered vehicles used in passenger...Periodic mechanical inspection of passenger cars and unpowered vehicles used in passenger...mechanical inspections of all passenger cars and all unpowered vehicles used...

2011-10-01

5

49 CFR 238.307 - Periodic mechanical inspection of passenger cars and unpowered vehicles used in passenger trains.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Periodic mechanical inspection of passenger cars and unpowered vehicles used in passenger...Periodic mechanical inspection of passenger cars and unpowered vehicles used in passenger...mechanical inspections of all passenger cars and all unpowered vehicles used...

2014-10-01

6

49 CFR 238.307 - Periodic mechanical inspection of passenger cars and unpowered vehicles used in passenger trains.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Periodic mechanical inspection of passenger cars and unpowered vehicles used in passenger...Periodic mechanical inspection of passenger cars and unpowered vehicles used in passenger...mechanical inspections of all passenger cars and all unpowered vehicles used...

2012-10-01

7

Evaluation of passenger rail vehicle crashworthiness  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years there has been an increased effort to investigate and improve the crashworthiness of passenger rail vehicles in the United States. The structural crashworthiness requirements for new rail vehicles are changing to include specifications for crash energy management and crush zones rather than primarily specifications of vehicle and component strengths. In addition, the structural requirements to improve crashworthiness

S. W. Kirkpatrick; M. Schroeder; J. W. Simons

2001-01-01

8

Low speed vehicle passenger ejection restraint effectiveness.  

PubMed

Current golf carts and LSV's (Low Speed Vehicles) produce a significant number of passenger ejections during sharp turns. These LSV's do not typically possess seatbelts, but do provide outboard bench seat hip restraints that also serve as handholds. However, many current restraint designs appear incapable of preventing passenger ejections due to their low height and inefficient handhold position. Alternative handhold and hip restraint designs may improve passenger safety. Accordingly, this paper examines minimum size requirements for hip restraints to prevent passenger ejection during sharp turns and evaluates the effectiveness of a handhold mounted at the center of the bench seat. In this study, a simulation of a turning cart supplies the dynamic input to a biomechanical model of an adult male seated in a golf cart. Various restraint combinations are considered, both with and without the central handhold, to determine the likelihood of passenger ejection. It is shown that only the largest restraint geometries prevent passenger ejection. Adequate hip restraints should be much larger than current designs and a central handhold should be provided. In this way, golf cart and LSV manufacturers could reduce passenger ejections and improve fleet safety by incorporating recommendations provided herein. PMID:15893288

Seluga, Kristopher J; Ojalvo, Irving U; Obert, Richard M

2005-07-01

9

Is Passenger Vehicle Incompatibility Still a Problem?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Passenger cars often are at a disadvantage when colliding with light trucks (SUVs and pickups) due to differences in mass, vehicle structural alignment, and stiffness. In 2003, vehicle manufacturers agreed to voluntary measures to improve compatibility, especially in front-to-front and front-to-side crashes, with full adherence to be achieved by September 2009. This study examined whether fatality rates are consistent

Eric R. Teoh; Joseph M. Nolan

2012-01-01

10

49 CFR 177.870 - Regulations for passenger carrying vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...gas) materials on passenger-carrying vehicles. No motor carrier may transport any extremely dangerous...the transportation of passengers; or any less dangerous...section, no person may transport any Class 7 (radioactive...motor vehicle carrying passengers for hire except...

2011-10-01

11

49 CFR 177.870 - Regulations for passenger carrying vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...gas) materials on passenger-carrying vehicles. No motor carrier may transport any extremely dangerous...the transportation of passengers; or any less dangerous...section, no person may transport any Class 7 (radioactive...motor vehicle carrying passengers for hire except...

2010-10-01

12

49 CFR 177.870 - Regulations for passenger carrying vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...gas) materials on passenger-carrying vehicles. No motor carrier may transport any extremely dangerous...the transportation of passengers; or any less dangerous...section, no person may transport any Class 7 (radioactive...motor vehicle carrying passengers for hire except...

2014-10-01

13

49 CFR 177.870 - Regulations for passenger carrying vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...gas) materials on passenger-carrying vehicles. No motor carrier may transport any extremely dangerous...the transportation of passengers; or any less dangerous...section, no person may transport any Class 7 (radioactive...motor vehicle carrying passengers for hire except...

2013-10-01

14

49 CFR 177.870 - Regulations for passenger carrying vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...gas) materials on passenger-carrying vehicles. No motor carrier may transport any extremely dangerous...the transportation of passengers; or any less dangerous...section, no person may transport any Class 7 (radioactive...motor vehicle carrying passengers for hire except...

2012-10-01

15

Vehicle hydraulic system that provides heat for passenger compartment  

DOEpatents

A vehicle includes a vehicle housing which defines a passenger compartment. Attached to the vehicle housing is a hydraulic system, that includes a hydraulic fluid which flows through at least one passageway within the hydraulic system. Also attached to the vehicle housing is a passenger compartment heating system. The passenger compartment heating system includes a heat exchanger, wherein a portion of the heat exchanger is a segment of the at least one passageway of the hydraulic system.

Bartley, Bradley E. (Manito, IL); Blass, James R. (Bloomington, IL); Gibson, Dennis H. (Chillicothe, IL)

2001-01-01

16

Scenario Analysis of Chinese Passenger Vehicle Growth  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports on a simulation and scenario analysis of Chinese passenger vehicle growth and resulting energy demand and CO2<\\/sub> emissions. The model includes provincial level logistic growth functions with saturation levels representative of neighboring Asian economies, income growth measured in international dollars, and both estimated and literature-based income elasticities. Scenarios explore variation in key parameters, including income and population

Peter H. Kobos; Jon D. Erickson; Thomas E. Drennen

2003-01-01

17

Applying engineering and fleet detail to represent passenger vehicle transport in  

E-print Network

Applying engineering and fleet detail to represent passenger vehicle transport in a computable engineering and fleet detail to represent passenger vehicle transport in a computable general equilibrium for passenger vehicle transport, retaining supplemental physical accounting for vehicle stock, fuel use

18

Passengers' expectations of airport service quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the development of a conceptual model of service quality in airports by conducting an empirical investigation into passengers' expectations for this service industry. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper is a qualitative exploration of the airport experience from the passengers' perspective was combined with a review of relevant literature to identify

Dale Fodness; Brian Murray

2007-01-01

19

36 CFR 13.1316 - Commercial transport of passengers by motor vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Commercial transport of passengers by motor vehicles. 13.1316...Provisions § 13.1316 Commercial transport of passengers by motor vehicles. Commercial transport of passengers by motor vehicles on...

2012-07-01

20

36 CFR 13.1316 - Commercial transport of passengers by motor vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Commercial transport of passengers by motor vehicles. 13.1316...Provisions § 13.1316 Commercial transport of passengers by motor vehicles. Commercial transport of passengers by motor vehicles on...

2010-07-01

21

36 CFR 13.1316 - Commercial transport of passengers by motor vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Commercial transport of passengers by motor vehicles. 13.1316...Provisions § 13.1316 Commercial transport of passengers by motor vehicles. Commercial transport of passengers by motor vehicles on...

2013-07-01

22

36 CFR 13.1316 - Commercial transport of passengers by motor vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Commercial transport of passengers by motor vehicles. 13.1316...Provisions § 13.1316 Commercial transport of passengers by motor vehicles. Commercial transport of passengers by motor vehicles on...

2011-07-01

23

36 CFR 13.1316 - Commercial transport of passengers by motor vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 false Commercial transport of passengers by motor vehicles. 13.1316...Provisions § 13.1316 Commercial transport of passengers by motor vehicles. Commercial transport of passengers by motor vehicles on...

2014-07-01

24

Applying Engineering and Fleet Detail to Represent Passenger Vehicle Transport in a  

E-print Network

Applying Engineering and Fleet Detail to Represent Passenger Vehicle Transport in a Computable for projecting global demand for passenger vehicle transport, retaining supplemental physical accounting approaches. First, the relationship between per-capita income and demand for passenger vehicle transport

25

Service Quality in Private Passenger Automobile Insurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study extends previous research on service quality in the private passenger automobile insurance industry by providing empirical evidence using an improved proxy for the value of service. The endogeneity of the value of service is recognized and treated statistically with the two-stage least squares approach. The empirical model also includes a number of control variables that affect the service

Robert E. Hoyt; Min He

2007-01-01

26

CHARTER RESERVATION / BILLING FORM UOS Transportation Services -Passenger Transport  

E-print Network

CHARTER RESERVATION / BILLING FORM UOS Transportation Services - Passenger Transport 175 North for services rendered. Please notify Passenger Transport Services immediately regarding any discrepancies to deny charter requests for reasonable cause as determined by UOS Transportation Services or Harvard

Wolfe, Patrick J.

27

Passenger thermal perceptions, thermal comfort requirements, and adaptations in short- and long-haul vehicles.  

PubMed

While thermal comfort in mass transportation vehicles is relevant to service quality and energy consumption, benchmarks for such comfort that reflect the thermal adaptations of passengers are currently lacking. This study reports a field experiment involving simultaneous physical measurements and a questionnaire survey, collecting data from 2,129 respondents, that evaluated thermal comfort in short- and long-haul buses and trains. Experimental results indicate that high air temperature, strong solar radiation, and low air movement explain why passengers feel thermally uncomfortable. The overall insulation of clothing worn by passengers and thermal adaptive behaviour in vehicles differ from those in their living and working spaces. Passengers in short-haul vehicles habitually adjust the air outlets to increase thermal comfort, while passengers in long-haul vehicles prefer to draw the drapes to reduce discomfort from extended exposure to solar radiation. The neutral temperatures for short- and long-haul vehicles are 26.2 degrees C and 27.4 degrees C, while the comfort zones are 22.4-28.9 degrees C and 22.4-30.1 degrees C, respectively. The results of this study provide a valuable reference for practitioners involved in determining the adequate control and management of in-vehicle thermal environments, as well as facilitating design of buses and trains, ultimately contributing to efforts to achieve a balance between the thermal comfort satisfaction of passengers and energy conserving measures for air-conditioning in mass transportation vehicles. PMID:19851789

Lin, Tzu-Ping; Hwang, Ruey-Lung; Huang, Kuo-Tsang; Sun, Chen-Yi; Huang, Ying-Che

2010-05-01

28

Baseline tests of the EVA contractor electric passenger vehicle  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The EVA Contactor four door sedan, an electric passenger vehicle, was tested to characterize the state-of-the-art of electric vehicles. It is a four passenger sedan that was converted to an electric vehicle. It is powered by 16 series connected 6 volt electric vehicle batteries through a four step contactor controller actuated by a foot accelerator pedal. The controller changes the voltage applied to the separately excited DC motor. The braking system is a vacuum assisted hydraulic braking system. Regenerative braking was also provided.

Bozek, J. M.; Tryon, H. B.; Slavick, R. J.

1977-01-01

29

Compressed Natural Gas Passenger Vehicle Development - Issues and Challenges  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research and development of automotive vehicle has always been influenced by the availability and the form of fuel. The oil reserves are depleting by the day. This will affect the automotive designs, research and development. particularly, the engine and transmission, fuel storage and the vehicle body. For passenger car, either an alternative fuel need to be sought and utilised

Barkawi Sahari; Yusoff Ali; Fakhru' l-Razi Ahmadun; Shahrir Abdullah; Masjuki Hj; Ishak Aris; Muhamad Adlan Abdullah; Fauzy Ahmad; V. Chelliah; Zahari Taha; T. G. Chuah; Norman Mariun; Ku Halim; Ku Hamid; V. R. Radhakrishnan

30

Deaths of teenagers as motor-vehicle passengers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most studies of teenage motor-vehicle crashes and injuries have focussed on drivers. However, deaths of 13- to 19-year-olds as passengers are nearly as common as teenage driver deaths (2,131 vs. 2,355 in 1993), and teenage passenger death rates are much higher relative to rates for older people than is the case for driver deaths. The deaths of both teenage drivers

Allan F. Williams; JoAnn K. Wells

1995-01-01

31

48 CFR 252.229-7009 - Relief from customs duty and value added tax on fuel (passenger vehicles) (United Kingdom).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...on fuel (passenger vehicles) (United Kingdom). 252.229-7009 Section...fuel (passenger vehicles) (United Kingdom). As prescribed in 229...Fuel (Passenger Vehicles) (United Kingdom) (JUN 1997) (a)...

2010-10-01

32

48 CFR 252.229-7009 - Relief from customs duty and value added tax on fuel (passenger vehicles) (United Kingdom).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...on fuel (passenger vehicles) (United Kingdom). 252.229-7009 Section...fuel (passenger vehicles) (United Kingdom). As prescribed in 229...Fuel (Passenger Vehicles) (United Kingdom) (JUN 1997) (a)...

2012-10-01

33

48 CFR 252.229-7009 - Relief from customs duty and value added tax on fuel (passenger vehicles) (United Kingdom).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...on fuel (passenger vehicles) (United Kingdom). 252.229-7009 Section...fuel (passenger vehicles) (United Kingdom). As prescribed in 229...Fuel (Passenger Vehicles) (United Kingdom) (JUN 1997) (a)...

2014-10-01

34

48 CFR 252.229-7009 - Relief from customs duty and value added tax on fuel (passenger vehicles) (United Kingdom).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...on fuel (passenger vehicles) (United Kingdom). 252.229-7009 Section...fuel (passenger vehicles) (United Kingdom). As prescribed in 229...Fuel (Passenger Vehicles) (United Kingdom) (JUN 1997) (a)...

2013-10-01

35

48 CFR 252.229-7009 - Relief from customs duty and value added tax on fuel (passenger vehicles) (United Kingdom).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...on fuel (passenger vehicles) (United Kingdom). 252.229-7009 Section...fuel (passenger vehicles) (United Kingdom). As prescribed in 229...Fuel (Passenger Vehicles) (United Kingdom) (JUN 1997) (a)...

2011-10-01

36

Using Vehicle Taxes to Reduce Carbon Dioxide Emissions Rates of New Passenger Vehicles: Evidence from France, Germany, and Sweden  

E-print Network

France, Germany, and Sweden link vehicle taxes to the carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions rates of passenger vehicles. Based on new vehicle registration data from 2005–2010, a vehicle’s tax is negatively correlated with its ...

Klier, Thomas

37

Cross-correlation between time series of vehicles and passengers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study in this paper a cross-correlation between time series of vehicles and passengers collected in the ferry-boat system (sea route that connects the city of Salvador and Itaparica island, Bahia, Brazil), this study is based on the detrended cross-correlation analysis (DCCA) method. The DCCA method is designed to investigate power-law cross correlations between different simultaneously recorded time series in the presence of nonstationarity. Here in this paper we show that is possible to discriminate cross-correlation between vehicles and passengers and also identify seasonal components.

Zebende, G. F.; Filho, A. Machado

2009-12-01

38

75 FR 26839 - Metrics and Standards for Intercity Passenger Rail Service under Section 207 of the Passenger...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Metrics and Standards for Intercity Passenger Rail Service under Section 207 of the Passenger Rail Investment and Improvement Act of 2008 AGENCY...SUMMARY: Section 207 of the Passenger Rail Investment and Improvement Act of 2008...

2010-05-12

39

A lightweight electronically commutated dc motor for electric passenger vehicles  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A functional model breadboard converter and a rare-earth-cobalt, permanent magnet motor; as well as an engineering model converter and PM motor suitable for vehicle installations were developed and tested. The converter and motor achieved an 88% peak efficiency, a maximum output of 26 kW at 26,000 rpm, and a continuous rating of 15 kW. The system also generated power to the source during braking, with a demonstrated peak power available at the converter terminals of approximately 26 kW at 88% efficiency. Major conclusions include: (1) the SAE J227a(D) driving cycle efficiency for the converter/motor is 86% to 88% when energy available for recovery at the converter terminals is included; (2) the converter initial cost is approximately five times that of the permanent magnet motor, but can be reduced by means of LSI logic and integrated liquid cooled semiconductor packages; and (3) an electronically commutated motor with a liquid cooled converter will operate reliably without service or maintenance for the life of a passenger vehicle.

Echolds, E. F.; Walla, P. S.

1982-01-01

40

The importance of high vehicle power for passenger car emissions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper we use a quantile regression technique to explore the emissions characteristics of petrol and diesel passenger cars to reveal the importance of high vehicle power on exhaust emissions. A large database of ?67,000 passenger cars from vehicle emission remote sensing data was used from surveys from several campaigns around the UK. Most previous remote sensing studies have focused on presenting mean emission estimates by vehicle type over time. However, as shown in the current work, considerably more insight can be gained into vehicle emission characteristics if techniques are used that can describe and model the full distribution of vehicle emissions as a function of important explanatory variables. For post-2000 model year (Euro 3-5) diesel cars it is shown that there is a strong dependence of vehicle specific power for emissions of NOx that was absent in earlier models and is absent for other pollutants such as CO, hydrocarbons and 'smoke'. Furthermore, we also find a stronger dependence on vehicle specific power for older catalyst-equipped petrol vehicles (Euro 1/2) on emissions of NOx that is less important for other emissions such as CO and hydrocarbons. Moreover, it is shown that while the rated maximum power output of petrol cars has remained almost constant over the past 15-20 years, the power output from diesel cars has increased markedly by about 50%. These results suggest that changes to vehicle technology, driving conditions and driver behaviour have become more important determinants of passenger car NOx emissions in recent years and may help explain why urban ambient concentrations of NOx have not decreased as much as anticipated.

Carslaw, David C.; Williams, Martin L.; Tate, James E.; Beevers, Sean D.

2013-04-01

41

Bridge Condition Assessment based on Vibration Responses of Passenger Vehicle  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we propose a new method of assessing the condition of existing short- and medium-span reinforced/prestressed concrete bridges based on vibration monitoring data obtained from a public bus. This paper not only describes details of a prototype monitoring system that uses information technology and sensors capable of providing more accurate knowledge of bridge performance than conventional ways but also shows a few specific examples of bridge condition assessment based on vehicle vibrations measured by using an in-service public bus equipped with vibration measurement instrumentation. This paper also describes a sensitivity analysis of deteriorating bridges based on simulation of the acceleration response of buses conducted by the "substructure method" employing a finite element model to verify the above bridge performance results. The main conclusions obtained in this study can be summarized as follows: (1) Because the vibration responses of passenger vehicles, such as buses, have a good linear relationship with the vibration responses of the target bridges, the proposed system can be used as a practical monitoring system for bridge condition assessment. (2) The results of sensitivity analysis performed by the substructure method show that bus vibration responses are useful for evaluating target bridge performance. (3) The proposed method was applied to a network of real bridges in a local area to evaluate its effectiveness. The results indicate that the proposed method can be used to prioritize the repair/strengthening works of existing bridges based on various vibration information in order to help bridge administrators establish rational maintenance strategies.

Miyamoto, Ayaho; Yabe, Akito

2011-07-01

42

49 CFR 374.201 - Prohibition against smoking on interstate passenger-carrying motor vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Prohibition against smoking on interstate passenger-carrying...CARRIER REGULATIONS Limitation of Smoking on Interstate Passenger Carrier Vehicles...374.201 Prohibition against smoking on interstate...

2014-10-01

43

49 CFR 374.201 - Prohibition against smoking on interstate passenger-carrying motor vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Prohibition against smoking on interstate passenger-carrying...CARRIER REGULATIONS Limitation of Smoking on Interstate Passenger Carrier Vehicles...374.201 Prohibition against smoking on interstate...

2011-10-01

44

49 CFR 374.201 - Prohibition against smoking on interstate passenger-carrying motor vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Prohibition against smoking on interstate passenger-carrying...CARRIER REGULATIONS Limitation of Smoking on Interstate Passenger Carrier Vehicles...374.201 Prohibition against smoking on interstate...

2012-10-01

45

49 CFR 374.201 - Prohibition against smoking on interstate passenger-carrying motor vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Prohibition against smoking on interstate passenger-carrying...CARRIER REGULATIONS Limitation of Smoking on Interstate Passenger Carrier Vehicles...374.201 Prohibition against smoking on interstate...

2013-10-01

46

Transportation Center Seminar........ "High-speed Railroad Passenger Services  

E-print Network

Transportation Center Seminar........ "High-speed Railroad Passenger Services: Ridership available at 3:30 pm Location: Transportation Center, Chambers Hall Lower Level, 600 Foster St., Evanston Abstract: High-speed railroad passenger services were introduced in Japan in the 1960s, in France

Bustamante, Fabián E.

47

Baseline tests of the EPC Hummingbird electric passenger vehicle  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The rear-mounted internal combustion engine in a four-passenger Volkswagen Thing was replaced with an electric motor made by modifying an aircraft generator and powered by 12 heavy-duty, lead-acid battery modules. Vehicle performance tests were conducted to measure vehicle maximum speed, range at constant speed, range over stop-and-go driving schedules, maximum acceleration, gradeability limit, road energy consumption, road power, indicated energy consumption, braking capability, battery charger efficiency, and battery characteristics. Test results are presented in tables and charts.

Slavik, R. J.; Maslowski, E. A.; Sargent, N. B.; Birchenough, A. G.

1977-01-01

48

A vehicle health monitoring system evaluated experimentally on a passenger vehicle  

Microsoft Academic Search

A vehicle health monitoring system based on analytical redundancy, is developed for automated passenger vehicles. A residual generator and a residual processor are designed together to detect and identify actuator and sensor faults of the Buick LeSabre rapidly. The residual generator includes fault detection filters and parity equations. It uses the control commands and sensor measurements to generate the residuals,

Hok K. Ng; Robert H. Chen; Jason L. Speyer

2006-01-01

49

THE FUTURE DEMAND FOR ALTERNATIVE FUEL PASSENGER VEHICLES: A DIFFUSION OF INNOVATION APPROACH  

E-print Network

THE FUTURE DEMAND FOR ALTERNATIVE FUEL PASSENGER VEHICLES: A DIFFUSION OF INNOVATION APPROACH UC ....................................................................23 3 MARKET DEVELOPMENT OF ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLES ............................ 26 3.1 SUPPLY OF ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLES

Levinson, David M.

50

49 CFR 583.11 - Allied suppliers of passenger motor vehicle equipment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Allied suppliers of passenger motor vehicle equipment...CONTENT LABELING § 583.11 Allied suppliers of passenger motor vehicle equipment...motor vehicle equipment which an allied supplier supplies to the manufacturer with...

2010-10-01

51

40 CFR 86.1811-04 - Emission standards for light-duty vehicles, light-duty trucks and medium-duty passenger vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...light-duty vehicles, light-duty trucks and medium-duty passenger vehicles. 86.1811-04...light-duty vehicles, light-duty trucks and medium-duty passenger vehicles. (a) Applicability...Passenger Car, Light-duty Truck and Medium-duty Vehicle Classes. This...

2010-07-01

52

Selecting and promoting service encounter elements in passenger rail transportation  

Microsoft Academic Search

A critical issue in the effective development and promotion of services is the identification of which service components are most closely related to attitude toward the service provider and repeat purchase behavior. The present study disaggregates a service (passenger rail transportation) into pre-core and core service performances, and uses these elements to create a model of the effects on relevant

Carolyn Tripp; John T. Drea

2002-01-01

53

Scarce Metals in Conventional Passenger Vehicles and End-of-Life Vehicle Shredder Output.  

PubMed

Concurrent with the demand for cleaner, lighter, and more efficient vehicles, many scarce metals (SMs) are used in passenger vehicles because of their unique physical and chemical properties. To explore the recycling potential of these metals, it is important to understand their distribution in the vehicles as well as their fate at the vehicles' end-of-life. However, this information remains very scattered and sparse. In this paper, we present a study investigating the distribution of 31 SMs in selected electrical and electronic (EE) components of conventional passenger vehicles and in the end-of-life vehicle shredder fractions from a shredder plant in Switzerland. The results of the chemical analyses show that the mass fractions of Co, Sn, Sr, Ta, Y, and Zr were dominant with >20 000 g/t in the selected EE components and Ag, Ga, Mo, Sb, Sn, Sr, and Zr with >50 g/t in the analyzed shredder fractions. The largest masses of 17 SMs were found in the shredder light fraction, which is incinerated in municipal waste treatment plants mainly in Switzerland; thus, these SMs are currently not recovered. The SM mass fractions in both the EE components and the shredder fractions were projected to their total masses in 100 hypothetical midrange passenger vehicles. The resulting mass balance showed a mismatch of >50% for 23 metals, which indicates other important SM sources such as alloys. PMID:25719501

Widmer, Rolf; Du, Xiaoyue; Haag, Olaf; Restrepo, Eliette; Wäger, Patrick A

2015-04-01

54

76 FR 77716 - Alternate Passenger Rail Service Pilot Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Notice No. 2] RIN 2130-AC19 Alternate Passenger Rail Service Pilot Program AGENCY: Federal Railroad Administration...proceeding to develop a pilot program that permits a rail carrier or rail carriers that own infrastructure over which Amtrak...

2011-12-14

55

76 FR 55335 - Alternate Passenger Rail Service Pilot Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Notice No. 1] RIN 2130-AC19 Alternate Passenger Rail Service Pilot Program AGENCY: Federal Railroad Administration...proceeding to develop a pilot program that permits a rail carrier or rail carriers that own infrastructure over which Amtrak...

2011-09-07

56

A unified framework for trajectory planning, threat assessment, and semi-autonomous control of passenger vehicles  

E-print Network

This thesis describes the design of an active safety framework that performs trajectory planning, threat assessment, and semi-autonomous control of passenger vehicles in hazard avoidance scenarios. The vehicle navigation ...

Anderson, Sterling J., Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01

57

49 CFR 583.10 - Outside suppliers of passenger motor vehicle equipment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Outside suppliers of passenger motor vehicle equipment...CONTENT LABELING § 583.10 Outside suppliers of passenger motor vehicle equipment...equipment for which a manufacturer or allied supplier requests information, the outside...

2010-10-01

58

78 FR 16036 - Service Level Environmental Impact Statement for the Texas Oklahoma Passenger Rail Study Corridor...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Statement for the Texas Oklahoma Passenger Rail Study Corridor, South Texas to Oklahoma...improved high- speed intercity passenger rail service along an 850-mile corridor...Level EIS, the Texas Oklahoma Passenger Rail Study (Study) also includes...

2013-03-13

59

Developing zones of tolerance for managing passenger rail service quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this article is to develop and empirically test an extension to the three-column format SERVQUAL instrument to evaluate passenger rail service quality. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This article combines the literatures of service quality and rail transport quality to develop the conceptual framework. Three new transport dimensions (comfort, connection, and convenience) are added to the original five

Robert Y. Cavana; Lawrence M. Corbett

2007-01-01

60

Ballistic Resistance of Armored Passenger Vehicles: Test Protocols and Quality Methods  

SciTech Connect

This guide establishes a test methodology for determining the overall ballistic resistance of the passenger compartment of assembled nontactical armored passenger vehicles (APVs). Because ballistic testing of every piece of every component of an armored vehicle is impractical, if not impossible, this guide describes a testing scheme based on statistical sampling of exposed component surface areas. Results from the test of the sampled points are combined to form a test score that reflects the probability of ballistic penetration into the passenger compartment of the vehicle.

Jeffrey M. Lacy; Robert E. Polk

2005-07-01

61

A unified approach to semi-autonomous control of passenger vehicles in hazard avoidance scenarios  

E-print Network

This paper describes the design of unified active safety framework that combines trajectory planning, threat assessment, and semi-autonomous control of passenger vehicles into a single constrained-optimal-control-based ...

Iagnemma, Karl

62

Exploratory Analysis of Demand Interaction in the Planning of Passenger Railway Service  

E-print Network

Exploratory Analysis of Demand Interaction in the Planning of Passenger Railway Service Tomás in the Planning of Passenger Railway Service April 2013 Exploratory Analysis of Demand Interaction in the Planning of the passenger railway service in the context of demand interaction, including references to the fundamental

Bierlaire, Michel

63

Cars on a diet : the material and energy impacts of passenger vehicle weight reduction in the U.S.  

E-print Network

Vehicle weight reduction is a known strategy to address growing concerns about greenhouse gas emissions and fuel use by passenger vehicles. We find that every 10% reduction in vehicle weight can cut fuel consumption by ...

Cheah, Lynette W. (Lynette Wan Ting)

2010-01-01

64

Simultaneous service approach for reducing air passenger queue time  

SciTech Connect

Simultaneous service offers service-oriented organizations, such as the air passenger transportation industry, the opportunity to differentiate themselves by providing superior customer service. The concept of simultaneous service is analogous to the concept of simultaneous engineering. However, while simultaneous engineering strives to minimize product development time, simultaneous service strives to minimize customer processing time. Overall customer processing time is reduced by the identification and simultaneous alignment of previously sequentially executed customer service activities. A simultaneous service approach was applied to the international ticketing counter at a major international airport. This involved developing both equipment and operational policy alternatives to the normal sequencing of the ticketing and baggage check-in process. A total of five alternative simultaneous service approaches were investigated. Simulation analysis of these alternatives indicates that a 36% improvement in customer queue and servicing time was possible with this approach.

Chung, C.A.; Sodeinde, T.

2000-02-01

65

Some Evidence on Elasticities of Demand for Services of Public Railway Passenger Transportation in Slovenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article presents evidence on elasticities of demand for services of railway passenger transportation in Slovenia. According to the aggregate values of demand elasticities, the railway passenger demand is price and income inelastic. Coefficients of income elasticity of demand below unity show that, for the average consumer, the services of railway passenger transportation in Slovenia can be classified among essential

JANI BEKÕ

2004-01-01

66

Baseline tests of the EVA change-of-pace coupe electric passenger vehicle  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The EVA Change-of-Pace Coupe, is an electric passenger vehicle, to characterize the state-of-the-art of electric vehicles. The EVA Change-of-Pace Coupe is a four passenger sedan that has been coverted to an electric vehicle. It is powered by twenty 6 volt traction batteries through a silicon controlled rectifier chopper controller actuated by a foot throttle to change the voltage applied to the series wound, direct current motor. Braking is accomplished with a vacuum assist hydraulic braking system. Regenerative braking is also provided.

Bozek, J. M.; Maslowski, E. A.; Dustin, M. O.

1977-01-01

67

Phase 1 of the near term hybrid passenger vehicle development program. Appendix D: Sensitivity analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Data are presented on the sensitivity of: (1) mission analysis results to the boundary values given for number of passenger cars and average annual vehicle miles traveled per car; (2) vehicle characteristics and performance to specifications; and (3) tradeoff study results to the expected parameters.

Traversi, M.

1979-01-01

68

INFLUENCE OF OXYGENATED FUELS ON THE EMISSIONS FROM THREE PRE-1985 LIGHT-DUTY PASSENGER VEHICLES  

EPA Science Inventory

Tailpipe and evaporative emission from three pre-1985 passenger motor vehicles operating on a oxygenated blend fuel and on a nonoxygenated base fuel were characterized. mission data were collected for vehicles operating over the Federal Test Procedure at 40, 75, and 90 degrees F ...

69

78 FR 57822 - Lease and Interchange of Vehicles; Motor Carriers of Passengers  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...operation of commercial vehicles, specifically `policies...operational safety of motor vehicles, including driver's hours of service and vehicle inspection and repair and...examined Capricorn's vehicles and drivers, showing...

2013-09-20

70

Climate and Energy Policy for U.S. Passenger Vehicles: A Technology-Rich Economic Modeling and Policy Analysis  

E-print Network

Climate and Energy Policy for U.S. Passenger Vehicles: A Technology-Rich Economic Modeling and Energy Policy for U.S. Passenger Vehicles: A Technology-Rich Economic Modeling and Policy Analysis and energy security concerns have prompted policy action in the United States and abroad to reduce petroleum

71

49 CFR 39.91 - Must PVOs permit passengers with a disability to travel with service animals?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...permit passengers with a disability to travel with service animals? 39.91 Section...permit passengers with a disability to travel with service animals? (a) As a...also provide reasonable refrigeration space for the service animal food....

2013-10-01

72

49 CFR 39.91 - Must PVOs permit passengers with a disability to travel with service animals?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...permit passengers with a disability to travel with service animals? 39.91 Section...permit passengers with a disability to travel with service animals? (a) As a...also provide reasonable refrigeration space for the service animal food....

2012-10-01

73

49 CFR 39.91 - Must PVOs permit passengers with a disability to travel with service animals?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...permit passengers with a disability to travel with service animals? 39.91 Section...permit passengers with a disability to travel with service animals? (a) As a...also provide reasonable refrigeration space for the service animal food....

2010-10-01

74

49 CFR 39.91 - Must PVOs permit passengers with a disability to travel with service animals?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...permit passengers with a disability to travel with service animals? 39.91 Section...permit passengers with a disability to travel with service animals? (a) As a...also provide reasonable refrigeration space for the service animal food....

2011-10-01

75

49 CFR 39.91 - Must PVOs permit passengers with a disability to travel with service animals?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...permit passengers with a disability to travel with service animals? 39.91 Section...permit passengers with a disability to travel with service animals? (a) As a...also provide reasonable refrigeration space for the service animal food....

2014-10-01

76

49 CFR 39.51 - What is the general requirement for PVOs' provision of auxiliary aids and services to passengers?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...requirement for PVOs' provision of auxiliary aids and services to passengers? 39.51...requirement for PVOs' provision of auxiliary aids and services to passengers? (a...you must furnish appropriate auxiliary aids and services where necessary to...

2010-10-01

77

49 CFR 39.51 - What is the general requirement for PVOs' provision of auxiliary aids and services to passengers?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...requirement for PVOs' provision of auxiliary aids and services to passengers? 39.51...requirement for PVOs' provision of auxiliary aids and services to passengers? (a...you must furnish appropriate auxiliary aids and services where necessary to...

2013-10-01

78

49 CFR 39.51 - What is the general requirement for PVOs' provision of auxiliary aids and services to passengers?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...requirement for PVOs' provision of auxiliary aids and services to passengers? 39.51...requirement for PVOs' provision of auxiliary aids and services to passengers? (a...you must furnish appropriate auxiliary aids and services where necessary to...

2012-10-01

79

49 CFR 39.51 - What is the general requirement for PVOs' provision of auxiliary aids and services to passengers?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...requirement for PVOs' provision of auxiliary aids and services to passengers? 39.51...requirement for PVOs' provision of auxiliary aids and services to passengers? (a...you must furnish appropriate auxiliary aids and services where necessary to...

2014-10-01

80

49 CFR 39.51 - What is the general requirement for PVOs' provision of auxiliary aids and services to passengers?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...requirement for PVOs' provision of auxiliary aids and services to passengers? 39.51...requirement for PVOs' provision of auxiliary aids and services to passengers? (a...you must furnish appropriate auxiliary aids and services where necessary to...

2011-10-01

81

Preventing passenger vehicle occupant injuries by vehicle design--a historical perspective from IIHS.  

PubMed

Motor vehicle crashes result in some 1.2 million deaths and many more injuries worldwide each year and is one of the biggest public health problems facing societies today. This article reviews the history of, and future potential for, one important countermeasure-designing vehicles that reduce occupant deaths and injuries. For many years, people had urged automakers to add design features to reduce crash injuries, but it was not until the mid-1960s that the idea of pursuing vehicle countermeasures gained any significant momentum. In 1966, the U.S. Congress passed the National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act, requiring the government to issue a comprehensive set of vehicle safety standards. This was the first broad set of requirements issued anywhere in the world, and within a few years similar standards were adopted in Europe and Australia. Early vehicle safety standards specified a variety of safety designs resulting in cars being equipped with lap/shoulder belts, energy-absorbing steering columns, crash-resistant door locks, high-penetration-resistant windshields, etc. Later, the standards moved away from specifying particular design approaches and instead used crash tests and instrumented dummies to set limits on the potential for serious occupant injuries by crash mode. These newer standards paved the way for an approach that used the marketplace, in addition to government regulation, to improve vehicle safety designs-using crash tests and instrumented dummies to provide consumers with comparative safety ratings for new vehicles. The approach began in the late 1970s, when NHTSA started publishing injury measures from belted dummies in new passenger vehicles subjected to frontal barrier crash tests at speeds somewhat higher than specified in the corresponding regulation. This program became the world's first New Car Assessment Program (NCAP) and rated frontal crashworthiness by awarding stars (five stars being the best and one the worst) derived from head and chest injury measures recorded on driver and front-seat test dummies. NHTSA later added side crash tests and rollover ratings to the U.S. NCAP. Consumer crash testing spread worldwide in the 1990s. In 1995, the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) began using frontal offset crash tests to rate and compare frontal crashworthiness and later added side and rear crash assessments. Shortly after, Europe launched EuroNCAP to assesses new car performance including front, side, and front-end pedestrian tests. The influence of these consumer-oriented crash test programs on vehicle designs has been major. From the beginning, U.S. NCAP results prompted manufacturers to improve seat belt performance. Frontal offset tests from IIHS and EuroNCAP resulted in greatly improved front-end crumple zones and occupant compartments. Side impact tests have similarly resulted in improved side structures and accelerated the introduction of side impact airbags, especially those designed to protect occupant's heads. Vehicle safety designs, initially driven by regulations and later by consumer demand because of crash testing, have proven to be very successful public health measures. Since they were first introduced in the late 1960s, vehicle safety designs have saved hundreds of thousands of lives and prevented countless injuries worldwide. The designs that improved vehicle crashworthiness have been particularly effective. Some newer crash avoidance designs also have the potential to be effective-e.g., electronic stability control is already saving many lives in single-vehicle crashes. However, determining the actual effectiveness of these new technologies is a slow process and needs real-world crash experience because there are no assessment equivalent of crash tests for crash avoidance designs. PMID:19333823

O'Neill, Brian

2009-04-01

82

Modeling, analysis, and measurement of passenger vehicle stability  

E-print Network

Vehicle rollover represents a significant percentage of single-vehicle accidents and accounts for over 9,000 fatalities and over 200,000 non-fatal injuries each year. Previous automotive research has studied ways for ...

Peters, Steven C. (Steven Conrad)

2006-01-01

83

Use of nonlinear asymmetrical shock absorber to improve comfort on passenger vehicles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study the behaviour of two different types of shock absorbers, symmetrical (linear) and asymmetrical (nonlinear) is compared for use on passenger vehicles. The analyses use different standard road inputs and include variation of the severity parameter, the asymmetry ratio and the velocity of the vehicle. Performance indices and acceleration values are used to assess the efficacy of the asymmetrical systems. The comparisons show that the asymmetrical system, with nonlinear characteristics, tends to have a smoother and more progressive performance, both for vertical and angular movements. The half-car front asymmetrical system was introduced, and the simulation results show that the use of the asymmetrical system only at the front of the vehicle can further diminish the angular oscillations. As lower levels of acceleration are essential for improved ride comfort, the use of asymmetrical systems for vibrations and impact absorption can be a more advantageous choice for passenger vehicles.

Silveira, M.; Pontes, B. R.; Balthazar, J. M.

2014-03-01

84

Baseline tests of the C. H. Waterman DAF electric passenger vehicle  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An electric vehicle was tested as part of an Energy Research Development Administration (ERDA) project to characterize the state-of-the-art of electric vehicles. The Waterman vehicle performance test results are presented in this report. The vehicle is a converted four-passenger DAF 46 sedan. It is powered by sixteen 6-volt traction batteries through a three-step contactor controller actuated by a foot throttle to change the voltage applied to the 6.7 kW motor. The braking system is a conventional hydraulic braking system.

Sargent, N. B.; Maslowski, E. A.; Soltis, R. F.; Schuh, R. M.

1977-01-01

85

49 CFR 374.201 - Prohibition against smoking on interstate passenger-carrying motor vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and the posting of signs in all vehicles transporting passengers in letters in sharp color contrast to the background, and of such size, shape, and color as to be readily legible. Such signs and symbols shall be kept and maintained in...

2010-10-01

86

Control and response characteristics of a magnetorheological fluid damper for passenger vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents control characteristics of a semi-active magneto-rheological (MR) fluid damper for a passenger vehicle. A cylindrical MR damper is devised and its governing equation is derived. After verifying that the damping force of the MR damper can be continuously tuned by the intensity of the magnetic field, PID controller is employed to achieve the desired damping force. The

Seung-Bok Choi; HwanSoo Lee; SungRyong Hong; ChaeCheon Cheong

2000-01-01

87

Analysis of alternate-fueled passenger vehicles: a sample technology assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ten passenger vehicles powered by the following were characterized on a common engineering and economic basis: gasoline internal combustion, diesel internal combustion, liquid-hydrogen internal combustion, liquid-hydrogen fuel cell, hydrogen internal combustion, hydrogen fuel cell, methanol internal combustion, methanol fuel cell, Ni\\/Zn battery, and Pb\\/Acid battery. Levelized life cycle costs were computed for each vehicle. The market penetration of the nongasoline

A. T. Jr. Peaslee; G. R. Thayer

1981-01-01

88

Safety Versus Passenger Service: The Flight Attendants’ Dilemma  

PubMed Central

After 9/11, new security duties were instituted at many U.S. air carriers and existing safety and security duties received increased emphasis. Concurrently, in-flight services were changed and in many cases, cabin crews were reduced. This article examines the post-9/11 conflict between passenger service and the timely performance of safety and security duties at 1 major U.S. air carrier. In-flight data were obtained on both international and domestic flights. The data suggest that the prompt performance of the safety and security duties is adversely affected by the number of service duties occurring in the later part of both international and domestic flights. PMID:23667300

Damos, Diane L.; Boyett, Kimberly S.; Gibbs, Patt

2013-01-01

89

Passenger vehicle safety in Australasia for different driver groups.  

PubMed

Vehicle fleets in developed countries have benefitted from improved technology and regulation leading to safer vehicles. Nevertheless, for various reasons the public do not necessarily choose particular makes and models of cars according to their safety performance. This study aimed to identify areas for potential crashworthiness improvement in the Australasian fleets by studying the distribution of these fleets according to vehicle age and estimated crashworthiness. We used an existing database that encompassed the vast majority of the crash fleets studied, with existing estimates of crashworthiness generated by the Australasian Used Car Safety Ratings project. There were clear tendencies for older and younger people to be driving less safe vehicles that were also generally older. Given that older drivers are more fragile, and hence more liable to be injured in crashes, and younger drivers have a greater propensity to crash, it is clearly undesirable that these driver groups have the least crashworthy vehicles. Some suggestions are made to encourage safer vehicle choices. PMID:21376855

Keall, Michael D; Newstead, Stuart

2011-05-01

90

Intermodal passenger flows on London's public transport network : automated inference of full passenger journeys using fare-transaction and vehicle-location data  

E-print Network

Urban public transport providers have historically planned and managed their networks and services with limited knowledge of their customers' travel patterns. While ticket gates and bus fareboxes yield counts of passenger ...

Gordon, Jason B. (Jason Benjamin)

2012-01-01

91

Demand Functions for Services of Public Railway Passenger Transportation: An Empirical Analysis for Slovenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper deals with the estimation of demand functions for services of public railway passenger transportation in the case of Slovenia. Six demand functions were selected and separately interpreted. The aggregate values of demand elasticities reported in this paper suggest that the railway passenger demand is price and income inelastic. Coefficients of income elasticity below unity show that the services

Jani Beko

2003-01-01

92

Passengers’ Perceived Service Quality of City Buses in Taipei: Scale Development and Measurement  

Microsoft Academic Search

To understand fully passengers’ perceptions and expectations of the bus service quality in Taipei, business managers and governmental agencies must seek a proper scale that can reflect passengers’ opinions accurately. This study develops and tests a service quality scale designed for a city bus transit system in Taipei. Churchill’s paradigm and a focus group interview were combined into a multistage

William Jen

2006-01-01

93

Near term hybrid passenger vehicle development program, phase 1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Missions for hybrid vehicles that promise to yield high petroleum impact were identified and a preliminary design, was developed that satisfies the mission requirements and performance specifications. Technologies that are critical to successful vehicle design, development and fabrication were determined. Trade-off studies to maximize fuel savings were used to develop initial design specifications of the near term hybrid vehicle. Various designs were "driven" through detailed computer simulations which calculate the petroleum consumption in standard driving cycles, the petroleum and electricity consumptions over the specified missions, and the vehicle's life cycle costs over a 10 year vehicle lifetime. Particular attention was given to the selection of the electric motor, heat engine, drivetrain, battery pack and control system. The preliminary design reflects a modified current compact car powered by a currently available turbocharged diesel engine and a 24 kW (peak) compound dc electric motor.

1980-01-01

94

14 CFR 125.333 - Stowage of food, beverage, and passenger service equipment during airplane movement on the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Stowage of food, beverage, and passenger service equipment...Operations § 125.333 Stowage of food, beverage, and passenger service equipment...take off, or land when any food, beverage, or tableware furnished by...

2010-01-01

95

14 CFR 135.122 - Stowage of food, beverage, and passenger service equipment during aircraft movement on the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Stowage of food, beverage, and passenger service equipment...Operations § 135.122 Stowage of food, beverage, and passenger service equipment...take off, or land when any food, beverage, or tableware furnished...

2010-01-01

96

Phase I of the Near Term Hybrid Passenger Vehicle Development Program. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The results of Phase I of the Near-Term Hybrid Vehicle Program are summarized. This phase of the program ws a study leading to the preliminary design of a 5-passenger hybrid vehicle utilizing two energy sources (electricity and gasoline/diesel fuel) to minimize petroleum usage on a fleet basis. This report presents the following: overall summary of the Phase I activity; summary of the individual tasks; summary of the hybrid vehicle design; summary of the alternative design options; summary of the computer simulations; summary of the economic analysis; summary of the maintenance and reliability considerations; summary of the design for crash safety; and bibliography.

Not Available

1980-10-01

97

The Research of China's Civil Aviation Passenger Multi-Channel Service Technology Platform  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

IATA is promoting Simplifying the Business. The traditional passenger services and business process, such as ticketing, airport counters, had a great influence. The airlines have the passenger service and convenience as the next product development requirements. With civil aviation industry and their company's products construction, the authors propose a solution of passenger multi-channel service product platform. The solution is to streamline the business as the breakthrough point, around the convenience of passengers travel services to travelers as the center, using the current mainstream and the latest IT technology to establish passenger service product platform. The solution will promote DCS e-ticketing business development and service channel diversity. In this paper, the research results have been applied in the product platform construction of the authors' company. The practice shows that through traditional business with the latest IT technologies, traditional passenger services into the emerging service model, passenger service product platform has strong advantages and characteristics. Based on the platform, various types of service products is growing rapidly.

Zhibing, Xue; Xinming, Wang

98

Baseline tests of the Kordesh hybrid passenger vehicle  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Performance test results are presented for a four-passenger Austin A40 sedan that was converted to a heat-engine-alternator-and battery-powered hybrid. It is propelled by a conventional, gasoline-fueled, heat-engine-driven alternator and a traction pack powering a series-wound, 10 hp direct-current electric drive motor. The 16 hp gasoline engine drives the 7 kilowatt alternator, which provides electrical power to the drive motor or to the 96 volt traction battery through a rectifier. The propulsion battery consists of eight 12 volt batteries connected in series. The electric motor is coupled to a four-speed standard transmission, which drives the rear wheels. Power to the motor is controlled by a three-step foot throttle, which actuates relays that control armature current and field excitation. Conventional hydraulic brakes are used.

Soltis, R. F.; Bozek, J. M.; Denington, R. J.; Dustin, M. O.

1978-01-01

99

46 CFR 199.630 - Alternatives for passenger vessels in a specified service.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Requirements for Passenger Vessels in a Specified Service Section or paragraph in this part Service and reference to alternative requirement section...variations in local conditions of geography, climate, and other similar factors; and...

2010-10-01

100

46 CFR 199.630 - Alternatives for passenger vessels in a specified service.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Requirements for Passenger Vessels in a Specified Service Section or paragraph in this part Service and reference to alternative requirement section...variations in local conditions of geography, climate, and other similar factors; and...

2012-10-01

101

46 CFR 199.630 - Alternatives for passenger vessels in a specified service.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Requirements for Passenger Vessels in a Specified Service Section or paragraph in this part Service and reference to alternative requirement section...variations in local conditions of geography, climate, and other similar factors; and...

2013-10-01

102

46 CFR 199.630 - Alternatives for passenger vessels in a specified service.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Requirements for Passenger Vessels in a Specified Service Section or paragraph in this part Service and reference to alternative requirement section...variations in local conditions of geography, climate, and other similar factors; and...

2011-10-01

103

Ride comfort characteristics with different tire pressure of passenger vehicle featuring MR damper  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents ride comfort characteristics of a quarter-vehicle magneto-rheological (MR) suspension system with respect to different tire pressure. As a first step, controllable MR damper is designed and manufactured based on the optimized damping force levels and mechanical dimensions required for a commercial mid-sized passenger vehicle. After experimentally evaluating dynamic characteristics of the manufactured MR damper, the quarter-vehicle suspension system consisting of sprung mass, spring, tire and the MR damper is constructed in order to investigate the ride comfort. After deriving the equations of the motion for the proposed quarter-vehicle MR suspension system, vertical tire stiffness with respect to different tire pressure is experimentally identified. The skyhook controller is then implemented for the realization of quarter-vehicle MR suspension system. Ride comfort characteristics such as vertical acceleration RMS of sprung mass are evaluated under bump road condition and presented in time domain.

Lee, H. G.; Sung, K. G.; Choi, S. B.

2009-02-01

104

Phase 1 of the near term hybrid passenger vehicle development program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In order to meet project requirements and be competitive in the 1985 market, the proposed six-passenger vehicle incorporates a high power type Ni-Zn battery, which by making electric-only traction possible, permits the achievement of an optimized control strategy based on electric-only traction to a set battery depth of discharge, followed by hybrid operation with thermal primary energy. This results in a highly efficient hybrid propulsion subsystem. Technical solutions are available to contain energy waste by reducing vehicle weight, rolling resistance, and drag coefficient. Reproaching new 1985 full size vehicles of the conventional type with hybrids of the proposed type would result in a U.S. average gasoline saving per vehicle of 1,261 liters/year and an average energy saving per vehicle of 27,133 MJ/year.

Montalenti, P.; Piccolo, R.

1979-01-01

105

Practical application of power conditioning to electric propulsion for passenger vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

A functional model 15 HP, 120 volt, 4-pole, 7600 r.p.m. samarium-cobalt permanent magnet type brushless dc motor-transistorized power conditioner unit was designed, fabricated and tested for specific use in propulsion of electric passenger vehicles. This new brushless motor system, including its power conditioner package, has a number of important advantages over existing systems such as reduced weight and volume, higher

N. A. Demerdash; F. C. Lee; T. W. Nehl; B. P. Overton

1980-01-01

106

Baseline tests of the C. H. Waterman Renault 5 electric passenger vehicle  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Waterman vehicle, a four passenger Renault 5 GTL, performance test results are presented and characterized the state-of-the-art of electric vehicles. It was powered by sixteen 6-volt traction batteries through a two-step contactor controller actuated by a foot throttle to change the voltage applied to the 6.7 -kilowatt motor. The motor output shaft was connected to a front-wheel-drive transaxle that contains a four-speed manual transmission and clutch. The braking system was a conventional hydraulic braking system.

Sargent, N. B.; Mcbrien, E. F.; Slavick, R. J.

1977-01-01

107

Lightweight materials in the light-duty passenger vehicle market: Their market penetration potential and impacts  

SciTech Connect

This paper summarizes the results of a lightweight materials study. Various lightweight materials are examined and the most cost effective are selected for further analysis. Aluminum and high-performance polymer matrix composites (PMCS) are found to have the highest potential for reducing the weight of automobiles and passenger-oriented light trucks. Weight reduction potential for aluminum and carbon fiber-based PMCs are computed based on a set of component-specific replacement criteria (such as stiffness and strength), and the consequent incremental cost scenarios are developed. The authors assume that a materials R and D program successfully reduces the cost of manufacturing aluminum and carbon fiber PMC-intensive vehicles. A vehicle choice model is used to project market shares for the lightweight vehicles. A vehicle survival and age-related usage model is employed to compute energy consumption over time for the vehicle stock. After a review of projected costs, the following two sets of vehicles are characterized to compete with the conventional materials vehicles: (1) aluminum vehicles with limited replacement providing 19% weight reduction (AIV-Mid), and (2) aluminum vehicles with the maximum replacement providing 31% weight reduction (AIV-Max). Assuming mass-market introduction in 2005, the authors project a national petroleum energy savings of 3% for AIV-Mid and 5% for AIV-Max in 2030.

Stodolsky, F. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Center for Transportation Research]|[Argonne National Lab., Washington, DC (United States); Vyas, A.; Cuenca, R. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Center for Transportation Research

1995-06-01

108

41 CFR 301-10.110 - May I use contract passenger transportation service for personal travel?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...TRAVEL ALLOWANCES ALLOWABLE TRAVEL EXPENSES 10-TRANSPORTATION EXPENSES Common Carrier Transportation Use of Contract City-Pair Fares § 301-10.110 May I use contract passenger transportation service for personal travel?...

2011-07-01

109

41 CFR 301-10.110 - May I use contract passenger transportation service for personal travel?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...TRAVEL ALLOWANCES ALLOWABLE TRAVEL EXPENSES 10-TRANSPORTATION EXPENSES Common Carrier Transportation Use of Contract City-Pair Fares § 301-10.110 May I use contract passenger transportation service for personal travel?...

2010-07-01

110

Life-cycle cost analysis of conventional and fuel cell/battery powered urban passenger vehicles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This Final Report summarizes the work on the life cycle cost (LCC) analysis of conventional and fuel cell/battery powered urban passenger vehicles. The purpose of the work is to support the Division in making sound economic comparisons between conventional and fuel cell/battery powered buses, passenger vans, and cars for strategic analysis of programmatic R&D goals. The LCC analysis can indicate whether paying a relatively high initial capital cost for advanced technology with low operating and/or environmental costs is advantageous over paying a lower initial cost for conventional technology with higher operating and/or environmental costs. While minimizing life cycle cost is an important consideration, it does not always result in technology penetration in the marketplace. The LCC analysis model developed under this contract facilitates consideration of all perspectives. Over 100 studies have been acquired and analyzed for their applicability. Drawing on prior work by JPL and Los Alamos National Laboratory as primary sources, specific analytical relationships and cost/performance data relevant to fuel cell/battery and intemal combustion engine (ICE) powered vehicles were selected for development of an LCC analysis model. The completed LCC model is structured around twelve integrated modules. Comparative analysis is made between conventional gasoline and diesel vehicles and fuel cell/battery vehicles using either phosphoric acid fuel cells or proton-exchange membrane fuel cells. In all, seven base vehicle configuration cases with a total of 21 vehicle class/powertrain/fuel combinations are analyzed. The LCC model represents a significant advance in comparative economic analysis of conventional and fuel cell/battery powered vehicle technologies embodying several unique features which were not included in prior models.

1992-11-01

111

Potential applications of wrought magnesium alloys for passenger vehicles  

SciTech Connect

Vehicle weight reduction is one of the major means available for improving automotive fuel efficiency. Although high-strength steels, aluminum (Al), and polymers are already being used to achieve significant weight reductions, substantial additional weight reductions could be achieved by increased use of magnesium (Mg) and its alloys, which have very low density. Magnesium alloys are currently used in relatively small quantities for auto parts; use is generally limited to die castings, such as housings. The Center for Transportation Research at Argonne National Laboratory has performed a study for the Lightweight Materials Program within DOE`s Office of Transportation Materials to evaluate the suitability of wrought Mg and its alloys to replace steel or aluminum for automotive structural and sheet applications. This study identifies technical and economic barriers to this replacement and suggests R&D areas to enable economical large-volume use. Detailed results of the study will be published at a later date. Magnesium sheet could be used in body nonstructural and semi-structural applications, while extrusions could be used in such structural applications as spaceframes. Currently, Mg sheet has found limited use in the aerospace industry, where costs are not a major concern. The major barrier to greatly increased automotive use is high cost; two technical R&D areas are identified that could enable major reductions in costs. These are novel reduction technology and better hot-forming technology, possibly operating at lower temperatures and involving superplastic behavior.

Gaines, L.; Cuenca, R.; Stodolsky, F.; Wu, S.

1995-12-31

112

Development of a HydroMechanical Hydraulic Hybrid Drive Train with Independent Wheel Torque Control for an Urban Passenger Vehicle  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a hydraulic hybrid vehicle drive train to improve the fuel efficiency of a passenger car. The developed hydro-mechanical drive train enables independent control of the torque at each wheel. The motivation for developing this drive train is a hydraulic hybrid vehicle test bed for the Center for Compact and Efficient Fluid Power at the University of Minnesota.

James D. Van de Ven; Michael W. Olson; Perry Y. Li

113

Fatal Passenger Vehicle Crashes with At Least 1 Driver Younger than 15 Years: A Fatality Analysis Reporting System Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: A small number of fatalities continue to occur due to motor vehicle crashes on highways in which at least 1 passenger vehicle (automobile, van, or small truck) is driven by a child younger than 15 years. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to extend previous work suggesting that such crashes occur frequently in the Southern states and…

Frisch, Larry; Plessinger, Alexander

2007-01-01

114

Evaluation of half wave induction motor drive for use in passenger vehicles  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Research performed at the University of Missouri-Columbia to devise and design a lower cost inverter induction motor drive for electrical propulsion of passenger vehicles is described. A two phase inverter motor system is recommended. The new design is predicted to provide comparable vehicle performance, improved reliability and a cost advantage for a high production vehicle, decreased total rating of the power semiconductor switches, and a somewhat simpler control hardware compared to the conventional three phase bridge inverter motor drive system. The major disadvantages of the two phase inverter motor drive are that it is larger and more expensive than a three phase machine, the design of snubbers for the power leakage inductances produce higher transient voltages, and the torque pulsations are relatively large because of the necessity to limit the inverter switching frequency to achieve high efficiency.

Hoft, R. G.; Kawamura, A.; Goodarzi, A.; Yang, G. Q.; Erickson, C. L.

1985-01-01

115

49 CFR 39.85 - What services must PVOs provide to passengers with a disability on board a passenger vessel?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and identifying food; (c) Effective communication with passengers who have vision impairments or who are deaf or hard-of-hearing, so that these passengers have timely access to information the PVO provides to other passengers...

2010-10-01

116

Air time : another measure of the quality of passenger service  

E-print Network

The proposal of a new metric called "Air Time" and its various components, show the advantage of having a broader perspective of the travel process of airline passengers. Travel time is basically affected by three different ...

Blake Betancourt, Juan Jamie

2006-01-01

117

ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLE (AFV) INFORMATION Over 98% of the U-M auto passenger fleet is flex fuel vehicles (FFV). A FFV is capable of operating on  

E-print Network

ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLE (AFV) INFORMATION Over 98% of the U-M auto passenger fleet is flex fuel with ethanol's chemical properties. FFV's qualify as alternative fuel vehicles under the Energy Policy Act of both. FFV's are equipped with an engine and fuel system designed specifically to be compatible

Kirschner, Denise

118

Teen drivers and the risk of injury to child passengers in motor vehicle crashes  

PubMed Central

Objectives: The first aim was to examine the relationship between driver's age (novice teens, older teens, and adults) and child passenger's restraint status, front row seating, and injury risk. The second aim was to explore whether there was an excess injury risk to child passengers in teen crashes compared to those in adult crashes by examining the contributing factors. Methods: A cross sectional study involving telephone interviews with insured drivers in a probability sample of 12 163 crashes involving 19 111 children was conducted. Sequential logistic regressions were employed. Results: Among child passengers aged 4–8, appropriate restraint was <1% for novice teens, 4.5% for older teens, and 23.6% for adults. Front row seating for children <13 years was more common in the novice teen group (26.8%) than in the other two groups. Compared with children riding with adults, those with both teen groups experienced excess injury risk. After adjusting for crash severity, there was a 43% reduction in the odds ratio (OR) for novice teens (OR 1.58, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.14 to 2.19) and a 24% reduction for older teens (OR 2.15, 95% CI 1.42 to 3.26). After adjusting for vehicle type, child's restraint status and front row seating, there was a further 19% reduction in the OR for novice teens (OR 1.37, 95% CI 1.00 to 1.88) and a further 13% reduction for older teens (OR 1.74, 95% CI 1.14 to 2.66). Conclusion: These findings suggest ways in which graduated driver licensing laws may be further enhanced to better protect child passengers from the excess injury risk associated with teen crashes. PMID:15691982

Chen, I; Elliott, M; Durbin, D; Winston, F

2005-01-01

119

Phase I of the Near-Term Hybrid Passenger-Vehicle Development Program. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Under contract to the Jet Propulsion Laboratory of the California Institute of Technology, Minicars conducted Phase I of the Near-Term Hybrid Passenger Vehicle (NTHV) Development Program. This program led to the preliminary design of a hybrid (electric and internal combustion engine powered) vehicle and fulfilled the objectives set by JPL. JPL requested that the report address certain specific topics. A brief summary of all Phase I activities is given initially; the hybrid vehicle preliminary design is described in Sections 4, 5, and 6. Table 2 of the Summary lists performance projections for the overall vehicle and some of its subsystems. Section 4.5 gives references to the more-detailed design information found in the Preliminary Design Data Package (Appendix C). Alternative hybrid-vehicle design options are discussed in Sections 3 through 6. A listing of the tradeoff study alternatives is included in Section 3. Computer simulations are discussed in Section 9. Section 8 describes the supporting economic analyses. Reliability and safety considerations are discussed specifically in Section 7 and are mentioned in Sections 4, 5, and 6. Section 10 lists conclusions and recommendations arrived at during the performance of Phase I. A complete bibliography follows the list of references.

Not Available

1980-10-01

120

Practical application of power conditioning to electric propulsion for passenger vehicles  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A functional model 15 HP, 120 volt, 4-pole, 7600 r.p.m. samarium-cobalt permanent magnet type brushless dc motor-transistorized power conditioner unit was designed, fabricated and tested for specific use in propulsion of electric passenger vehicles. This new brushless motor system, including its power conditioner package, has a number of important advantages over existing systems such as reduced weight and volume, higher reliability, and potential for improvements in efficiencies. These advantages are discussed in this paper in light of the substantial test data collected during experimentation with the newly developed conditioner motor propulsion system. Details of the power conditioner design philosophy and particulars are given in the paper. Also, described here are the low level electronic design and operation in relation to the remainder of the system.

Demerdash, N. A.; Lee, F. C.; Nehl, T. W.; Overton, B. P.

1980-01-01

121

Evaluation Research on the Quality of the Railway Passenger Service Based on the Linguistic Variables and the Improved PROMETHEE-II Method  

Microsoft Academic Search

The evaluation of quality of the railway passenger service is an important way to know the quality of the railway passenger service. This paper firstly constructs an evaluation indicator system of the quality of the railway passenger service on the foundation of the related literatures, and constructs the multiple-attribute evaluation matrix and indicator weight vector based on the linguistic variables.

Peide Liu; Zhongliang Guan

2009-01-01

122

Fuel efficiency and automobile safety: Single-vehicle highway fatalities for passenger cars  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports the results of an effort to shed some light on the relationship that might exist between enhanced standards and single-vehicle passenger car highway fatalities. Quantification of this relationship is not an easy task Not surprisingly, the literature on modeling the relationship between fuel economy and highway fatalities is very scant. Our analytic framework consists of two submodels: a corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) submodel and a single-vehicle highway fatalities submodel. Some of the variables that enter the CAFE relationship affect single-vehicle fatalities, as well. The results of this study are not unequivocal in every respect. However, they indicate that enhanced standards and automobile safety need not be at odds with each other. A main message that emerges from this study is the need not to confuse car downsizing with down weighting. Quantatative studies of highway fatalities have mostly treated weight and size interchangeably, and have used only the weight variable in the fatalities equation to avoid dealing with multicollinearity. Such references as {open_quote}size/weight{close_quote} which lump size and weight together as if they were the same variable are not uncommon in the safety literature. Our study indicates that weight and size are not a proxy to each other, and that in single vehicle crashes they are likely to have opposite effects on safety. Men researchers choose to drop the size variable and include only the weight variable in the fatalities equation, the weight estimate may end up with a negative sign, not necessarily because weight has a beneficial effect on safety, but because the omitted size variable has a dominant beneficial effect on safety, which is picked up by the weight variable that appears in the equation. 65 refs., 7 tabs.

Khazzoom, J.D. [San Jose Univ., CA (United States)

1994-12-31

123

Safety as perceived by wheelchair-seated passengers in special transportation services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to gain a better understanding of, and to help form a more complete picture of, the perceived safety of wheelchair-seated passengers using special transportation services (STS). A questionnaire was sent out and completed by 801 respondents in five Swedish regions. Additional information was acquired by means of 15 subsequent in-depth interviews. It was found

Anders Wretstrand; Jan Petzäll; Agneta Ståhl

2004-01-01

124

Archila, Sakamoto, Fearing, and Sussman 1 PRODUCTIVITY OF PASSENGER RAIL TRANSPORTATION SERVICES IN1  

E-print Network

Archila, Sakamoto, Fearing, and Sussman 1 PRODUCTIVITY OF PASSENGER RAIL TRANSPORTATION SERVICES IN 12 For presentation at the 2014 Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board13 14 November 14 rail transportation in the NEC experienced considerable yet highly volatile23 productivity growth

Entekhabi, Dara

125

The forensic pathologist and the determination of driver versus passenger in motor vehicle collisions. The need to examine injury mechanisms, occupant kinematics, vehicle dynamics, and trace evidence.  

PubMed

Five cases of vehicular homicide are presented in which the determination of an occupant's role in a motor vehicle collision was an important medicolegal question. The identification of the occupant's role in a motor vehicle collision can be determined by the forensic pathologist. The investigation that coordinates an examination of injury mechanisms, occupant kinematics, vehicle dynamics, and trace evidence will facilitate such a determination. This determination protects the innocent passenger, when faced with criminal or civil charges, from being falsely prosecuted as the driver. The examination of the above-mentioned components in a multi-occupant collision takes on particular forensic importance when a surviving driver claims to be a passenger: the victim rather than the assailant. PMID:2741865

Smock, W S; Nichols, G R; Fuller, P M; Weakley-Jones, B

1989-06-01

126

Reconciling sectoral abatement strategies with global climate targets: the case of the Chinese passenger vehicle fleet.  

PubMed

The IPCC Forth Assessment Report postulates that global warming can be limited to 2 °C by deploying technologies that are currently available or expected to be commercialized in the coming decades. However, neither specific technological pathways nor internationally binding reduction targets for different sectors or countries have been established yet. Using the passenger car stock in China as example we compute direct CO(2) emissions until 2050 depending on population, car utilization, and fuel efficiency and compare them to benchmarks derived by assuming even contribution of all sectors and a unitary global per capita emission quota. Compared to present car utilization in industrialized countries, massive deployment of prototypes of fuel efficient cars could reduce emissions by about 45%, and moderately lower car use could contribute with another 33%. Still, emissions remain about five times higher than the benchmark for the 2 °C global warming target. Therefore an extended analysis, including in particular low-carbon fuels and the impact of urban and transport planning on annual distance traveled and car ownership, should be considered. A cross-sectoral comparison could reveal whether other sectors could bear an overproportional reduction quota instead. The proposed model offers direct interfaces to material industries, fuel production, and scrap vehicle supply. PMID:22074174

Pauliuk, Stefan; Dhaniati, Ni Made A; Müller, Daniel B

2012-01-01

127

Vehicle Sharing Among Human Service Organizations  

E-print Network

Vehicle Sharing Among Human Service Organizations Frank Douma and Tom Garry April 18, 2013 #12 Carrier Obstacle ­Deregulate (exempt human services organizations); or ­STS certification required Exempt human service organizations from motor carrier regulations Addresses motor-carrier & driver

Minnesota, University of

128

Assessing Rates of Global Warming Emissions from Port- Fuel Injection and Gasoline Direct Injection Engines in Light-Duty Passenger Vehicles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Passenger vehicles are known emitters of climate warming pollutants. CO2 from automobile emissions are an anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) and a large contributor to global warming. Worldwide, CO2 emissions from passenger vehicles are responsible for 11% of the total CO2 emissions inventory. Black Carbon (BC), another common vehicular emission, may be the second largest contributor to global warming (after CO2). Currently, 52% of BC emissions in the U.S are from the transportation sector, with ~10% originating from passenger vehicles. The share of pollutants from passenger gasoline vehicles is becoming larger due to the reduction of BC from diesel vehicles. Currently, the majority of gasoline passenger vehicles in the United States have port- fuel injection (PFI) engines. Gasoline direct injection (GDI) engines have increased fuel economy compared to the PFI engine. GDI vehicles are predicted to dominate the U.S. passenger vehicle market in the coming years. The method of gasoline injection into the combustion chamber is the primary difference between these two technologies, which can significantly impact primary emissions from light-duty vehicles (LDV). Our study will measure LDV climate warming emissions and assess the impact on climate due to the change in U.S vehicle technologies. Vehicles were tested on a light- duty chassis dynamometer for emissions of CO2, methane (CH4), and BC. These emissions were measured on F3ederal and California transient test cycles and at steady-state speeds. Vehicles used a gasoline blend of 10% by volume ethanol (E10). E10 fuel is now found in 95% of gasoline stations in the U.S. Data is presented from one GDI and one PFI vehicle. The 2012 Kia Optima utilizes GDI technology and has a large market share of the total GDI vehicles produced in the U.S. In addition, The 2012 Toyota Camry, equipped with a PFI engine, was the most popular vehicle model sold in the U.S. in 2012. Methane emissions were ~50% lower for the GDI technology. While BC emissions were 96% higher for the GDI technology. The GDI technology had a smaller effect on CO2 emissions with a 4% rise compared to the other emissions. Additional results will discuss the emission rates converted to reflect total yearly passenger vehicular emissions in the U.S. Overall, the results show increases of global warming emissions from GDI passenger vehicle technology.

Short, D.; , D., Vi; Durbin, T.; Karavalakis, G.; Asa-Awuku, A. A.

2013-12-01

129

76 FR 5825 - U.S.-Korea Free Trade Agreement: Passenger Vehicle Sector Update  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Investigation No. 332-523] U.S.-Korea Free Trade Agreement: Passenger...investigation No. 332-523, U.S.-Korea Free Trade Agreement: Passenger...usitc.gov). Persons with mobility impairments who will need special...likely impact of the U.S.-Korea Free Trade Agreement...

2011-02-02

130

Traction studies of northeast corridor rail passenger service: Executive summary  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The enabling legislation of 1976 for improvement of service in the Northeast corridor (NEC) requires a schedule of 2 h 40 min between Washington and New York City by 1981 and 3 h 40 min between NYC and Boston, when the electrification is completed. Various options of the NEC operation that may satisfy the legislation were investigated, particularly in terms of travel time and energy consumption. NEC operations were compared with overseas systems and practices. The emerging new technology of AC traction was also evaluated.

Macie, T. W.; Stallkamp, J. A.

1980-01-01

131

Multi-agent infrastructure for distributed planning of demand-responsive passenger transportation service  

Microsoft Academic Search

Demand-responsive transport services are systems that assign users' specific transport requests to different vehicles enabled to fulfill the required service. In order to contain costs, maximize profits or get a higher service level, different planning algorithms have been described in literature. In our work we propose a multi-agent architecture, which adopts a mixed planning model. This model is an integration

Claudio Cubillos; Franco Guidi-polanco; Claudio Demartini

2004-01-01

132

49 CFR 523.4 - Passenger automobile.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Passenger automobile. 523.4 Section 523.4 Transportation...VEHICLE CLASSIFICATION § 523.4 Passenger automobile. A passenger automobile is any automobile (other than an...

2010-10-01

133

49 CFR 523.4 - Passenger automobile.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Passenger automobile. 523.4 Section 523.4 Transportation...VEHICLE CLASSIFICATION § 523.4 Passenger automobile. A passenger automobile is any automobile (other than an...

2012-10-01

134

49 CFR 523.4 - Passenger automobile.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Passenger automobile. 523.4 Section 523.4 Transportation...VEHICLE CLASSIFICATION § 523.4 Passenger automobile. A passenger automobile is any automobile (other than an...

2013-10-01

135

49 CFR 523.4 - Passenger automobile.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Passenger automobile. 523.4 Section 523.4 Transportation...VEHICLE CLASSIFICATION § 523.4 Passenger automobile. A passenger automobile is any automobile (other than an...

2011-10-01

136

Ubiquitous Connected Train Based on Train-to-Ground and Intra-Wagon Communications Capable of Providing on Trip Customized Digital Services for Passengers  

PubMed Central

During the last years, the application of different wireless technologies has been explored in order to enable Internet connectivity from vehicles. In addition, the widespread adoption of smartphones by citizens represents a great opportunity to integrate such nomadic devices inside vehicles in order to provide new and personalized on trip services for passengers. In this paper, a proposal of communication architecture to provide the ubiquitous connectivity needed to enhance the smart train concept is presented and preliminarily tested. It combines an intra-wagon communication system based on nomadic devices connected through a Bluetooth Piconet Network with a highly innovative train-to-ground communication system. In order to validate this communication solution, several tests and simulations have been performed and their results are described in this paper. PMID:24803192

Salaberria, Itziar; Perallos, Asier; Azpilicueta, Leire; Falcone, Francisco; Carballedo, Roberto; Angulo, Ignacio; Elejoste, Pilar; Bahillo, Alfonso; Astrain, José Javier; Villadangos, Jesús

2014-01-01

137

Ubiquitous connected train based on train-to-ground and intra-wagon communications capable of providing on trip customized digital services for passengers.  

PubMed

During the last years, the application of different wireless technologies has been explored in order to enable Internet connectivity from vehicles. In addition, the widespread adoption of smartphones by citizens represents a great opportunity to integrate such nomadic devices inside vehicles in order to provide new and personalized on trip services for passengers. In this paper, a proposal of communication architecture to provide the ubiquitous connectivity needed to enhance the smart train concept is presented and preliminarily tested. It combines an intra-wagon communication system based on nomadic devices connected through a Bluetooth Piconet Network with a highly innovative train-to-ground communication system. In order to validate this communication solution, several tests and simulations have been performed and their results are described in this paper. PMID:24803192

Salaberria, Itziar; Perallos, Asier; Azpilicueta, Leire; Falcone, Francisco; Carballedo, Roberto; Angulo, Ignacio; Elejoste, Pilar; Bahillo, Alfonso; Astrain, José Javier; Villadangos, Jesús

2014-01-01

138

Visibility of children behind 2010-2013 model year passenger vehicles using glances, mirrors, and backup cameras and parking sensors.  

PubMed

This study identified the areas behind vehicles where younger and older children are not visible and measured the extent to which vehicle technologies improve visibility. Rear visibility of targets simulating the heights of a 12-15-month-old, a 30-36-month-old, and a 60-72-month-old child was assessed in 21 2010-2013 model year passenger vehicles with a backup camera or a backup camera plus parking sensor system. The average blind zone for a 12-15-month-old was twice as large as it was for a 60-72-month-old. Large SUVs had the worst rear visibility and small cars had the best. Increases in rear visibility provided by backup cameras were larger than the non-visible areas detected by parking sensors, but parking sensors detected objects in areas near the rear of the vehicle that were not visible in the camera or other fields of view. Overall, backup cameras and backup cameras plus parking sensors reduced the blind zone by around 90 percent on average and have the potential to prevent backover crashes if drivers use the technology appropriately. PMID:24556585

Kidd, David G; Brethwaite, Andrew

2014-05-01

139

Orbital Maneuvering Vehicle (OMV) remote servicing kit  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

With the design and development of the Orbital Maneuvering Vehicle (OMV) progressing toward an early 1990 initial operating capability (IOC), a new era in remote space operations will evolve. The logical progression to OMV front end kits would make available in situ satellite servicing, repair, and consummables resupply to the satellite community. Several conceptual design study efforts are defining representative kits (propellant tanks, debris recovery, module servicers); additional focus must also be placed on an efficient combination module servicer and consummables resupply kit. A remote servicer kit of this type would be designed to perform many of the early maintenance/resupply tasks in both nominal and high inclination orbits. The kit would have the capability to exchange Orbital Replacement Units (ORUs), exchange propellant tanks, and/or connect fluid transfer umbilicals. Necessary transportation system functions/support could be provided by interfaces with the OMV, Shuttle (STS), or Expendable Launch Vehicle (ELV). Specific remote servicer kit designs, as well as ground and flight demonstrations of servicer technology are necessary to prepare for the potential overwhelming need. Ground test plans should adhere to the component/system/breadboard test philosophy to assure maximum capability of one-g testing. The flight demonstration(s) would most likely be a short duration, Shuttle-bay experiment to validate servicer components requiring a micro-g environment.

Brown, Norman S.

1988-01-01

140

Near hybrid passenger vehicle development program, phase 1. Appendices C and D, Volume 2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Results of tradeoff studies are presented in summary form. Various aspects of the overall vehicle design discussed include selection of the base vehicle, the battery pack configuration, structural modifications, occupant protection, vehicle dynamics, and aerodynamics. The drivetrain design and integration, power conditioning unit, battery subsystem, control system, environmental system are described. Specifications, weight breakdown, and energy consumption measures, and advanced technology components are included.

1979-01-01

141

Analysis of the vehicle mix in the passenger-car sector in Japan for CO 2 emissions reduction by a MARKAL model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from the passenger-car sector in Japan are increasing rapidly and should be reduced cost-effectively in order to stabilize energy-related CO2 emissions in Japan. The purpose of the present paper is to clarify the most cost-effective mix of vehicles for reducing CO2 emissions and to estimate the subsidy that is necessary to achieve this vehicle mix. For

Masayuki Ichinohe; Eiichi Endo

2006-01-01

142

Analysis of the vehicle mix in the passenger-car sector in Japan for CO2 emissions reduction by a MARKAL model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from the passenger-car sector in Japan are increasing rapidly and should be reduced cost-effectively in order to stabilize energy-related CO2 emissions in Japan. The purpose of the present paper is to clarify the most cost-effective mix of vehicles for reducing CO2 emissions and to estimate the subsidy that is necessary to achieve this vehicle mix. For

Masayuki Ichinohe; Eiichi Endo

2006-01-01

143

The strategy of passenger transportation by national railway transport: The implementation of public service obligations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on research carried out by the author, the article identifies the problems of passenger transportation by national railway transport such as reduction in passenger flows, the growth of transportation costs, insufficient financing of loss?making transportation, unequal competition conditions for road transport, deficiencies of legal basis etc. Following the EU experience, passenger transportation by national railway transport is suggested to

Jonas Butkevi?ius

2009-01-01

144

Diving services and remotely operated vehicles  

SciTech Connect

This article discusses underwater construction activity, inspection and repair, deepwater technology, and current trends. Reports indicate that exploratory drilling off the coasts of over 60 countries around the world has created a demand for the Atmospheric Diving Systems (ADS) and the wide acceptance of Remotely Operated Vehicles (ROV's) predicts that diving services will likely grow only moderately through 1984, with major areas of activity in the North Sea, West Africa and Southeast Asia.

Wardwell, E.

1982-10-01

145

Developing an integrated transit schedule with improved passenger level of service measures  

E-print Network

of the objective function. The basic dial-a-ride algorithm's objective function, which measures total disutility Z, takes the form: M, Z = g g(u?? u?) + u. ?, + EhTL where N = number of passenger classes M; = number of passengers in class i u?= A; WTJ + B..., RT?" + C; PTD;, + D, DTD;, , the disutility of passengers already assigned to a tour before the trial assignment / u?= disutility of passengers already assigned to a tour after the trial assignment u???= disutility of new passenger WT?= wait time...

Blume, Kelly Lyn

2002-01-01

146

Aldehydes in passenger vehicles: An analysis of data from the RIOPA Study 1999-2001  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In-vehicle air quality (IVAQ) can be a major health concern due to factors such as urban sprawl and increased commuting time spent by individuals in vehicles. Few studies, particularly in the U.S., have considered in-vehicle toxic air contaminants, and none to date collected/analyzed field data in multiple communities across multiple climate zones. This study presents analyses of field data collected during the RIOPA Study from participating non-smoking adults for communities in Los Angeles County, CA, Elizabeth, NJ and Houston, TX. A significant difference (p < 0.001) in in-vehicle formaldehyde concentrations was observed, with the median concentration of in-vehicle formaldehyde in the CA communities about twice as high as in the NJ and TX communities. The highest median concentration of in-vehicle acetaldehyde was observed among the TX participants, over 40% higher than the overall study median. Given small sample sizes, the community (state) differences may be driven independently by differences in individual vehicle conditions and driving habits. Positive correlations were found between average community outdoor relative humidity in CA and NJ and in-vehicle formaldehyde and acetaldehyde concentrations. The amount of time car windows were reported as closed was inversely correlated with in-vehicle formaldehyde across study locations, and for in-vehicle acetaldehyde in CA and TX. Average wind speed and varying sky conditions also had suggested associations to in-vehicle formaldehyde and acetaldehyde. In CA and TX, 88% (7/8) of participants with a diagnosis of bronchitis reported at study baseline had in-vehicle formaldehyde concentrations greater than the overall study median. Every participant with diagnoses of both asthma and bronchitis (n = 3) reported at study baseline had in-vehicle formaldehyde and acetaldehyde concentrations above the overall study median; one participant in TX with two seasonal in-vehicle samplings had in-vehicle concentrations > 75th percentile. IVAQ during commuting may vary based on human behavior and meteorological factors. Additional studies are needed to further characterize ways to help reduce in-vehicle aldehyde exposures, especially for people with existing chronic respiratory illnesses who could experience symptom exacerbations upon such exposures.

Mapou, Ashley E. M.; Shendell, Derek G.; Therkorn, Jennifer H.; Xiong, Youyou; Meng, Qingyu; Zhang, Junfeng

2013-11-01

147

Study of passenger subjective response to ideal and real-vehicle vibration environments  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The stimulus received by subjects tested on the passenger ride quality apparatus (PRQA) is defined. Additional analyses on the data collected from field tests using buses, were conducted to assess the relation between subjective ratings of ride quality and vibrations measured on the buses, and to better define the vibration stimulus measured in the field. The relation of subjective evaluation of simulations of bus rides produced by the DRQA to subjective evaluations of the actual bus rides is discussed. The relative contribution of the seat and floor vibration to human comfort in a simulated aircraft ride environment is discussed along with the determination of equal comfort curves through magnitude estimation.

Kirby, R. H.; Mikulka, P. J.

1975-01-01

148

Simulation Optimization of the Crashworthiness of a Passenger Vehicle in Frontal Collisions using Response Surface Methodology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although computer simulation is regarded primarily as a tool for systems analysis, simulation can also be used in the process of systems optimiza- tion. This paper describes recent enhancements to a computer program package which enables the use of vehicle and occupant simulation models in determining the design of vehicles and restraints for maximum occupant impact protection. Also described is

K. Preston; W. Thomas HollowelI; Walter D. Pilkey

149

GEO Collision Avoidance using a Service Vehicle  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Space Situational Awareness (SSA) is defined as the knowledge and characterization of all aspects of space. SSA is now a fundamental and critical component of space operations. The increased dependence on our space assets has in turn lead to a greater need for accurate, near real-time knowledge of all space activities. Key areas of SSA include improved tracking of small objects, determining the intent of maneuvering spacecraft, identifying all potential high risk conjunction events, and leveraging non-traditional sensors in support of the SSA mission. As the size of the space object population grows, the number of collision avoidance maneuvers grows. Moreover, as the SSA mission evolves to near real-time assessment and analysis, the need for new, more sophisticated collision avoidance methods are required. This paper demonstrates the utility of using a service vehicle to perform collision avoidance maneuver for GEO satellites. We present the planning and execution details required to successfully execute a maneuver; given the traditional conjunction analysis timelines. Various operational constraints and scenarios are considered as part of the demonstration. Development of the collision avoidance strategy is created using SpaceNav's collision risk management tool suite. This study aims to determine the agility required of any proposed servicing capability to provide collision avoidance within traditional conjunction analysis and collision avoidance operations timelines. Key trades and analysis items are given to be: 1. How do we fuse the spacecraft state data with the tracking data collected from the proximity sensor that resides on the servicing spacecraft? 2. How do we deal with the possibility that the collision threat for the event may change as the time to close approach is reduced? 3. Perform trade space of maneuver/thrust time versus achievable change in the spacecraft's orbit. 4. Perform trade space of proximity of service vehicle to spacecraft versus time that maneuver can start. 5. Consider how position knowledge of service vehicle will be used in the risk assessment process; e.g., position knowledge of service vehicle might be better than spacecraft, so risk assessment will change for attached configuration.

Duncan, M.; Concha, M.

2013-09-01

150

Cost characteristics of tilt-rotor, conventional air and high speed rail short-haul intercity passenger service  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The cost analysis done to support an assessment of the potential for a small tilt-rotor aircraft to operate in short-haul intercity passenger service is described in detail. Anticipated costs of tilt-rotor air service were compared to the costs of two alternatives: conventional air and high speed rail (HSR). Costs were developed for corridor service, varying key market characteristics including distance, passenger volumes, and minimum frequency standards. The resulting cost vs output information can then be used to compare modal costs for essentially identical service quality and passenger volume or for different service levels and volumes for each mode, as appropriate. Extensive sensitivity analyses are performed. The cost-output features of these technologies are compared. Tilt-rotor is very attractive compared to HSR in terms of costs over the entire range of volume. It also has costs not dramatically different from conventional air, but tilt-rotor costs are generally higher. Thus some of its other advantages, such as the VTOL capability, must offset the cost disadvantage for it to be a preferred or competitive mode in any given market. These issues are addressed in the companion report which considers strategies for tilt-rotor development in commercial air service.

Schoendorfer, David L.; Morlok, Edward K.

1985-01-01

151

Another look at US passenger vehicle use and the {open_quotes}rebound{close_quotes} effect from improved fuel efficiency  

SciTech Connect

Recently, Greene (1992) analyzed vehicle miles travelled for U.S. passenger vehicles over 1966-89 to econometrically estimate the {open_quotes}rebound{close_quotes} effect in fuel consumption resulting from improved fuel efficiency. He found that a static AR(1) model could not be rejected, implying that the rebound effect is small (13%) with no significant long-run adjustments, regardless of the assumed functional form (linear or loglinear). Another look at the data from a different model selection approach shows that while a loglinear AR(1) model is acceptable, the linear version is not. Using either form, a lagged dependent variable model cannot be rejected on statistical grounds yet has insignificant GNP effects, yielding similarly small short-run rebound effects but significant long-run rebound effects of about 30%. Thus, the evidence from these competing models for a significant long-run adjustment process is mixed, so that its presence cannot be completely ruled out. 13 refs., 2 tabs.

Jones, C.T. [Murray State Univ., KY (United States)

1993-12-31

152

36 CFR 5.4 - Commercial passenger-carrying motor vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...motor vehicles except as authorized under a contract or permit from the Secretary or his authorized representative is prohibited in Crater Lake (prohibition is limited to sightseeing tours on the rim drive), Glacier (prohibition does not apply to...

2014-07-01

153

36 CFR 5.4 - Commercial passenger-carrying motor vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...motor vehicles except as authorized under a contract or permit from the Secretary or his authorized representative is prohibited in Crater Lake (prohibition is limited to sightseeing tours on the rim drive), Glacier (prohibition does not apply to...

2013-07-01

154

36 CFR 5.4 - Commercial passenger-carrying motor vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...motor vehicles except as authorized under a contract or permit from the Secretary or his authorized representative is prohibited in Crater Lake (prohibition is limited to sightseeing tours on the rim drive), Glacier (prohibition does not apply to...

2010-07-01

155

36 CFR 5.4 - Commercial passenger-carrying motor vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...motor vehicles except as authorized under a contract or permit from the Secretary or his authorized representative is prohibited in Crater Lake (prohibition is limited to sightseeing tours on the rim drive), Glacier (prohibition does not apply to...

2011-07-01

156

36 CFR 5.4 - Commercial passenger-carrying motor vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...motor vehicles except as authorized under a contract or permit from the Secretary or his authorized representative is prohibited in Crater Lake (prohibition is limited to sightseeing tours on the rim drive), Glacier (prohibition does not apply to...

2012-07-01

157

Recent evidence concerning higher NO x emissions from passenger cars and light duty vehicles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ambient trends in nitrogen oxides (NO x) and nitrogen dioxide (NO 2) for many air pollution monitoring sites in European cities have stabilised in recent years. The lack of a decrease in the concentration of NO x and in particular NO 2 is of concern given European air quality standards are set in law. The lack of decrease in the concentration of NO x and NO 2 is also in clear disagreement with emission inventory estimates and projections. This work undertakes a comprehensive analysis of recent vehicle emissions remote sensing data from seven urban locations across the UK. The large sample size of 84,269 vehicles was carefully cross-referenced to a detailed and comprehensive database of vehicle information. We find that there are significant discrepancies between current UK/European estimates of NO x emissions and those derived from the remote sensing data for several important classes of vehicle. In the case of light duty diesel vehicles it is found that NO x emissions have changed little over 20 years or so over a period when the proportion of directly emitted NO 2 has increased substantially. For diesel cars it is found that absolute emissions of NO x are higher across all legislative classes than suggested by UK and other European emission inventories. Moreover, the analysis shows that more recent technology diesel cars (Euro 3-5) have clear increasing NO x emissions as a function of Vehicle Specific Power, which is absent for older technology vehicles. Under higher engine loads, these newer model diesel cars have a NO x/CO 2 ratio twice that of older model cars, which may be related to the increased use of turbo-charging. Current emissions of NO x from early technology catalyst-equipped petrol cars (Euro 1/2) were also found to be higher than emission inventory estimates - and comparable with NO x emissions from diesel cars. For heavy duty vehicles, it is found that NO x emissions were relatively stable until the introduction of Euro IV technology when emissions decreased by about 30%. The more limited data available for urban buses shows that there has been little change in NO x emissions from Euro I to Euro IV. There is general much better consistency across the different estimates of heavy duty vehicle NO x emissions than for light duty vehicles.

Carslaw, David C.; Beevers, Sean D.; Tate, James E.; Westmoreland, Emily J.; Williams, Martin L.

2011-12-01

158

Phase I of the Near-Term Hybrid Passenger-Vehicle Development Program. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Heat engine/electric hybrid vehicles offer the potential of greatly reduced petroleum consumption, compared to conventional vehicles, without the disadvantages of limited performance and operating range associated with purely electric vehicles. This report documents a hybrid-vehicle design approach which is aimed at the development of the technology required to achieve this potential - in such a way that it is transferable to the auto industry in the near term. The development of this design approach constituted Phase I of the Near-Term Hybrid-Vehicle Program. The major tasks in this program were: (1) Mission Analysis and Performance Specification Studies; (2) Design Tradeoff Studies; and (3) Preliminary Design. Detailed reports covering each of these tasks are included as appendices to this report and issued under separate cover; a fourth task, Sensitivity Studies, is also included in the report on the Design Tradeoff Studies. Because of the detail with which these appendices cover methodology and both interim and final results, the body of this report was prepared as a brief executive summary of the program activities and results, with appropriate references to the detailed material in the appendices.

Not Available

1980-10-01

159

Advanced AC permanent magnet axial flux disc motor for electric passenger vehicle  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An ac permanent magnet axial flux disc motor was developed to operate with a thyristor load commutated inverter as part of an electric vehicle drive system. The motor was required to deliver 29.8 kW (40 hp) peak and 10.4 kW (14 hp) average with a maximum speed of 11,000 rpm. It was also required to run at leading power factor to commutate the inverter. Three motors were built.

Kliman, G. B.

1982-01-01

160

Optimal design of power-split transmissions for hydraulic hybrid passenger vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hydraulic hybrid vehicles are inherently power dense. Power-split or hydro-mechanical transmissions (HMT) have advantages over series and parallel architectures. In this paper, an approach for optimizing the configuration and sizing of a hydraulic hybrid power-split transmission is proposed. Instead of considering each mechanical configuration consisting of combinations of gear ratios, a generalized kinematic relation is used to avoid redundant computation.

Kai Loon Cheong; Perry Y. Li; Thomas R. Chase

2011-01-01

161

Improved transistorized AC motor controller for battery powered urban electric passenger vehicles  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An ac motor controller for an induction motor electric vehicle drive system was designed, fabricated, tested, evaluated, and cost analyzed. A vehicle performance analysis was done to establish the vehicle tractive effort-speed requirements. These requirements were then converted into a set of ac motor and ac controller requirements. The power inverter is a three-phase bridge using power Darlington transistors. The induction motor was optimized for use with an inverter power source. The drive system has a constant torque output to base motor speed and a constant horsepower output to maximum speed. A gear shifting transmission is not required. The ac controller was scaled from the base 20 hp (41 hp peak) at 108 volts dec to an expanded horsepower and battery voltage range. Motor reversal was accomplished by electronic reversal of the inverter phase sequence. The ac controller can also be used as a boost chopper battery charger. The drive system was tested on a dynamometer and results are presented. The current-controlled pulse width modulation control scheme yielded improved motor current waveforms. The ac controller favors a higher system voltage.

Peak, S. C.

1982-01-01

162

Towards Ridesharing with Passenger Transfers (Extended Abstract)  

E-print Network

through the use of smart phones. Drivers offer transport to passengers in exchange for sharing fuel costs in which passengers bid on vehicles to transport them. We introduce three novel algorithms to plan solution without transfer points. We form a queue of passengers and the vehicles transporting them

Veloso, Manuela M.

163

MADARP: multi-agent architecture for passenger transportation systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work presents the MADARP agent architecture, devoted to the implementation of passenger transportation systems. It provides a set of base agents that perform the basic interface, planning and support services for managing different types of transportation requests by using an heterogeneous fleet. The agent use allows to easily adapt the architecture to different planning models by integrating vehicles and

Claudio Cubillos; Franco Guidi-Polanco; Claudio Demartini

2005-01-01

164

Advanced single permanent magnet axipolar ironless stator ac motor for electric passenger vehicles  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A program was conducted to design and develop an advanced-concept motor specifically created for propulsion of electric vehicles with increased range, reduced energy consumption, and reduced life-cycle costs in comparison with conventional systems. The motor developed is a brushless, dc, rare-earth cobalt, permanent magnet, axial air gap inductor machine that uses an ironless stator. Air cooling is inherent provided by the centrifugal-fan action of the rotor poles. An extensive design phase was conducted, which included analysis of the system performance versus the SAE J227a(D) driving cycle. A proof-of-principle model was developed and tested, and a functional model was developed and tested. Full generator-level testing was conducted on the functional model, recording electromagnetic, thermal, aerodynamic, and acoustic noise data. The machine demonstrated 20.3 kW output at 1466 rad/s and 160 dc. The novel ironless stator demonstated the capability to continuously operate at peak current. The projected system performance based on the use of a transistor inverter is 23.6 kW output power at 1466 rad/s and 83.3 percent efficiency. Design areas of concern regarding electric vehicle applications include the inherently high windage loss and rotor inertia.

Beauchamp, E. D.; Hadfield, J. R.; Wuertz, K. L.

1983-01-01

165

Air quality impacts of climate mitigation: UK policy and passenger vehicle choice.  

PubMed

In 2001-2002 the UK began taxing vehicles according to CO2 emission rates. Since then, there has been a significant increase in consumer choice of small cars and diesel engines. We estimate CO2 reductions and air quality impacts resulting from UK consumers switching from petrol to diesel cars from 2001 to 2020. Annual reductions of 0.4 megatons (Mt) of CO2 and 1 million barrels of oil are estimated from switching to diesels. However, diesels emit higher levels of particulate matter estimated to result in 90 deaths annually (range 20-300). We estimate 570, 460, and 0 additional deaths per Mt of CO2 abated, for Euro III, Euro IV, and post-Euro IV emission class vehicles, respectively. CO2 policies are suspected to have contributed substantially to diesel growth, but the magnitude of impact has yet to be quantified rigorously. To the extent that CO2 policies contribute to diesel growth, coordinating CO2 controls with tightening of emission standards would save lives. This research shows that climate policy, while reducing fuel use and CO2, does not always ensure ancillary health benefits. Lessons from the UK can help inform policies designed elsewhere which strive to balance near-term ambient air quality and health with long-term climate mitigation. PMID:17310696

Mazzi, Eric A; Dowlatabadi, Hadi

2007-01-15

166

A Lagrangian Relaxation Method for Crew and Vehicle Rescheduling of Railway Passenger Transportation and its Application  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We propose a method for solving the crew rescheduling problem (CRP) and the vehicle rescheduling problem (VRP) based on the Lagrangian relaxation method. The CRP/VRP is formulated as an integer programming problem on the basis of a network flow modeling approach from which a Lagrangian relaxation problem is constructed by relaxing the constraint that links multiple resources. Using two procedures that generate the upper and lower bounds of the primal problem, both of which utilize an efficient shortest path algorithm for the directed acyclic graph (DAG), the proposed method gradually improves the gap between the upper and lower bounds while updating Lagrangian multipliers. Experimental results of real-world vehicle rescheduling data from Japanese railway lines indicated that the proposed method generated feasible solutions that were confirmed to be fairly close to the optimal solutions according to the gap between the upper and lower bounds, and also clarified the quality of the other method's solution by using the gap, which could lead to streamlining and sophisticating real-world rescheduling related activities.

Sato, Tatsuhiro; Tomiyama, Tomoe; Morita, Toyohisa; Murata, Tomohiro

167

Tri-Met's Experience With Automatic Passenger Counter and Automatic Vehicle Location Systems  

E-print Network

enhanced service quality and improved efficiency. This report examines factors related to the development. The transformation from scarce to abundant data has contributed to a variety of functional changes that have both by archived data, a discussion of factors that influenced decisions made on the design of the system

Bertini, Robert L.

168

Child Passengers Killed in Reckless and Alcohol-Related Motor Vehicle Crashes  

PubMed Central

Introduction About 20 years ago, concern was raised about the dangers children face when driven by drinking drivers in the United States. During the last decade, the pace of research on this topic subsided. Yet in 2010, every day three children younger than age 15 were killed, and 469 were injured in motor-vehicle crashes. Method The aim of this effort is to describe the status of the problem in the United States and suggest lines of research. From the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS), we selected crashes in which a driver aged 21 or older was driving at least one child younger than age 15. We identified crashes that occurred at different times of the day in which the driver was speeding, ran a red light, or was alcohol positive. We described the drivers’ demographics and examined how they relate to the different crash types. Results We found that, although driving a child seems to protect against the studied forms of risky driving, such protection varies sharply depending upon the drivers’ and children’s demographics and the crash type. There is no clear reason to explain the drivers’ decision to endanger the children they drive. The percent of children killed in speeding-related and red-light running motor-vehicle crashes has remained relatively stable during the last decade. Future research must (a) examine the effectiveness of current child endangerment laws; (b) examine crashes other than fatal; and (c) be more targeted, looking at specific drivers’ age and gender, specific children’s ages, the time of the crash, and the type of crash. PMID:24529098

Kelley-Baker, Tara; Romano, Eduardo

2014-01-01

169

Draft paper, June 2011 Traffic equilibrium between transit lines serviced by  

E-print Network

of passenger waiting and route choice at a transit station where a set of lines serviced by vehicles of limitedDraft paper, June 2011 1/33 Traffic equilibrium between transit lines serviced by capacitated vehicles: a route choice model with passenger waiting on platform Fabien Leurent (1 ) Université Paris Est

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

170

Research on the recycling industry development model for typical exterior plastic components of end-of-life passenger vehicle based on the SWOT method.  

PubMed

In-depth studies on the recycling of typical automotive exterior plastic parts are significant and beneficial for environmental protection, energy conservation, and sustainable development of China. In the current study, several methods were used to analyze the recycling industry model for typical exterior parts of passenger vehicles in China. The strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and challenges of the current recycling industry for typical exterior parts of passenger vehicles were analyzed comprehensively based on the SWOT method. The internal factor evaluation matrix and external factor evaluation matrix were used to evaluate the internal and external factors of the recycling industry. The recycling industry was found to respond well to all the factors and it was found to face good developing opportunities. Then, the cross-link strategies analysis for the typical exterior parts of the passenger car industry of China was conducted based on the SWOT analysis strategies and established SWOT matrix. Finally, based on the aforementioned research, the recycling industry model led by automobile manufacturers was promoted. PMID:23906874

Zhang, Hongshen; Chen, Ming

2013-11-01

171

Appendix 5-Ba 12-Passenger Van Operators Checklist  

E-print Network

. Locking the vehicle doors 10. Ensure the safe transport of all passengers materials and goods by: aAppendix 5-Ba 12-Passenger Van Operators Checklist 1. Carry no more than ten passengers while vehicle is in operation e. Ensuring all passengers use seat belts 11. Drive defensively at all

Swaddle, John

172

Advanced axial field D.C. motor development for electric passenger vehicle  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A wound-field axial-flux dc motor was developed for an electric vehicle drive system. The motor is essentially an axial-flux version of the classical Gramme-ring winding motor, but the active conductors are recessed into slots cut into the two opposite faces of the laminated tape-wound core ring. Three motors were built and tested in the program. The second (functional) model was a six-pole machine which weighed 88.5 kg. It developed 16.9 km (33.0 hp), and a max speed of 4800 rpm. Full load efficiency was 92% and predicted SAE D-cycle efficiency was 88%. The last engineering) model was a 4-pole machine with compoles, allowing a weight reduction to 45 kg (100 lbs.) while addressing some manufacturability problems. The engineering model was rated at 13.2 kw (17.6 hp) at 3000 rpm, with a peak power of 19.8 km (26.4 hp) and a max speed of 7200 rpm. Initial test results on this motor showed poor commutation and efficiency; the program was terminated without resolution of these problems.

Jones, W. J.

1982-01-01

173

Application of a high-efficiency cabin air filter for simultaneous mitigation of ultrafine particle and carbon dioxide exposures inside passenger vehicles.  

PubMed

Modern passenger vehicles are commonly equipped with cabin air filters but their filtration efficiency for ultrafine particle (UFP) is rather low. Although setting the vehicle ventilation system to recirculation (RC) mode can reduce in-cabin UFPs by ? 90%, passenger-exhaled carbon dioxide (CO2) can quickly accumulate inside the cabin. Using outdoor air (OA) mode instead can provide sufficient air exchange to prevent CO2 buildup, but in-cabin UFP concentrations would increase. To overcome this dilemma, we developed a simultaneous mitigation method for UFP and CO2 using high-efficiency cabin air (HECA) filtration in OA mode. Concentrations of UFP and other air pollutants were simultaneously monitored in and out of 12 different vehicles under 3 driving conditions: stationary, on local roadways, and on freeways. Under each experimental condition, data were collected with no filter, in-use original equipment manufacturer (OEM) filter, and two types of HECA filters. The HECA filters offered an average in-cabin UFP reduction of 93%, much higher than the OEM filters (? 50% on average). Throughout the measurements, the in-cabin CO2 concentration remained in the range of 620-930 ppm, significantly lower than the typical level of 2500-4000 ppm observed in the RC mode. PMID:24471775

Lee, Eon S; Zhu, Yifang

2014-02-18

174

76 FR 17487 - Protection of Stratospheric Ozone: New Substitute in the Motor Vehicle Air Conditioning Sector...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...million passenger vehicles and typical vehicle operation of...passenger inside a vehicle would at worst...million passenger vehicles in the U.S...hours per year per vehicle, a risk of 4...years for all drivers in the...

2011-03-29

175

15 CFR 265.18 - Prohibited servicing of vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...AND CONDUCT ON THE GROUNDS OF THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS & TECHNOLOGY, GAITHERSBURG, MARYLAND, AND BOULDER AND FORT COLLINS, COLORADO Traffic and Vehicular Regulations § 265.18 Prohibited servicing of vehicles. No person shall make...

2014-01-01

176

15 CFR 265.18 - Prohibited servicing of vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...AND CONDUCT ON THE GROUNDS OF THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS & TECHNOLOGY, GAITHERSBURG, MARYLAND, AND BOULDER AND FORT COLLINS, COLORADO Traffic and Vehicular Regulations § 265.18 Prohibited servicing of vehicles. No person shall make...

2012-01-01

177

15 CFR 265.18 - Prohibited servicing of vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AND CONDUCT ON THE GROUNDS OF THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS & TECHNOLOGY, GAITHERSBURG, MARYLAND, AND BOULDER AND FORT COLLINS, COLORADO Traffic and Vehicular Regulations § 265.18 Prohibited servicing of vehicles. No person shall make...

2010-01-01

178

15 CFR 265.18 - Prohibited servicing of vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AND CONDUCT ON THE GROUNDS OF THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS & TECHNOLOGY, GAITHERSBURG, MARYLAND, AND BOULDER AND FORT COLLINS, COLORADO Traffic and Vehicular Regulations § 265.18 Prohibited servicing of vehicles. No person shall make...

2013-01-01

179

45 CFR 3.25 - Servicing of vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH FEDERAL ENCLAVE Traffic Regulations § 3.25 Servicing of vehicles. A person may not wash, polish, change oil, lubricate, or make nonemergency repairs on a privately owned...

2010-10-01

180

49 CFR 173.5a - Oilfield service vehicles and mechanical displacement meter provers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... (a) Oilfield service vehicles. Notwithstanding § 173...subchapter, a cargo tank motor vehicle used in oilfield servicing...trailer and transported by motor vehicle is excepted from the specification...sufficiently long to assure detection of leaks, but in no case...

2010-10-01

181

25 CFR 900.196 - Do covered services include the conduct of clinical studies and investigations and the provision...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...services are provided in carrying out a self-determination contract. (An emergency motor vehicle is a vehicle, whether government, contractor, or employee-owned, used to transport passengers for medical...

2012-04-01

182

25 CFR 900.196 - Do covered services include the conduct of clinical studies and investigations and the provision...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...services are provided in carrying out a self-determination contract. (An emergency motor vehicle is a vehicle, whether government, contractor, or employee-owned, used to transport passengers for medical...

2011-04-01

183

25 CFR 900.196 - Do covered services include the conduct of clinical studies and investigations and the provision...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...services are provided in carrying out a self-determination contract. (An emergency motor vehicle is a vehicle, whether government, contractor, or employee-owned, used to transport passengers for medical...

2010-04-01

184

25 CFR 900.196 - Do covered services include the conduct of clinical studies and investigations and the provision...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...services are provided in carrying out a self-determination contract. (An emergency motor vehicle is a vehicle, whether government, contractor, or employee-owned, used to transport passengers for medical...

2013-04-01

185

25 CFR 900.196 - Do covered services include the conduct of clinical studies and investigations and the provision...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...services are provided in carrying out a self-determination contract. (An emergency motor vehicle is a vehicle, whether government, contractor, or employee-owned, used to transport passengers for medical...

2014-04-01

186

Characterization, concentrations and emission rates of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the exhaust emissions from in-service vehicles in Damascus  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Motor vehicles are significant sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) emissions to the urban atmosphere. Improved understanding of PAH emission profiles in mobile sources is the key to determining the viable approach for reducing PAH emissions from motor vehicles. Very limited data is available on the levels of PAH emissions in the urban atmospheres in Syria and no data are currently available on the level of PAH emissions from different combustion sources in the country. The aim of this study was to determine the profile and concentration of PAH in exhaust emissions of light and heavy-duty vehicles running on the roads of Damascus city. Three different types of vehicles (passenger cars, minivans and buses) were selected along with different age groups. Vapor- and particulate-phase PAH were collected from the vehicular exhausts of six in-service vehicles (with/without catalytic converters). High-performance liquid chromatography system, equipped with UV-Visible and fluorescence detectors, was used for the identification and quantification of PAH compounds in the cleaned extracts of the collected samples. The mean concentration of total PAH emissions (sum of 15 compounds) from all types of studied vehicles ranged between 69.28 ± 1.06 ?g/m3 for passenger cars equipped with catalytic converters and 2169.41 ± 5.17 ?g/m3 for old diesel buses without pollution controls. Values of total benzo(a)pyrene equivalent (? B[a]Peq) ranged between 1.868 ?g/m3and 37.652 ?g/m3. The results obtained in this study showed that the use of catalytic converters resulted into cleaner exhaust compositions and emissions with characteristics that are distinct from those obtained in the absence of catalytic converters.

Alkurdi, Farouk; Karabet, François; Dimashki, Marwan

2013-02-01

187

Phase 1 of the near term hybrid passenger vehicle development program. Appendix B: Trade-off studies, volume 1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Tradeoff study activities and the analysis process used are described with emphasis on (1) review of the alternatives; (2) vehicle architecture; and (3) evaluation of the propulsion system alternatives; interim results are presented for the basic hybrid vehicle characterization; vehicle scheme development; propulsion system power and transmission ratios; vehicle weight; energy consumption and emissions; performance; production costs; reliability, availability and maintainability; life cycle costs, and operational quality. The final vehicle conceptual design is examined.

Traversi, M.; Piccolo, R.

1980-01-01

188

Service Contract, or a Communication Vehicle.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper describes a delivery system, the service contract, in which a non-monetary agreement is made between the Title I Project and the facility to provide services to exceptional students. It is explained that the service contract includes a problem statement (for example "the classroom teacher needs demonstration and instruction for a sign…

Murray, Bertha S.; Martwick, Richard J.

189

29 CFR 500.102 - Applicability of vehicle safety standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Motor Vehicle Safety and Insurance for Transportation of Migrant...standards. (a) Any passenger automobile or station wagon used...vehicle, other than a passenger automobile or station wagon, used...vehicle, other than a passenger automobile or station wagon,...

2010-07-01

190

29 CFR 500.102 - Applicability of vehicle safety standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Motor Vehicle Safety and Insurance for Transportation of Migrant...standards. (a) Any passenger automobile or station wagon used...vehicle, other than a passenger automobile or station wagon, used...vehicle, other than a passenger automobile or station wagon,...

2011-07-01

191

29 CFR 500.102 - Applicability of vehicle safety standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Motor Vehicle Safety and Insurance for Transportation of Migrant...standards. (a) Any passenger automobile or station wagon used...vehicle, other than a passenger automobile or station wagon, used...vehicle, other than a passenger automobile or station wagon,...

2013-07-01

192

29 CFR 500.102 - Applicability of vehicle safety standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... Motor Vehicle Safety and Insurance for Transportation of Migrant...standards. (a) Any passenger automobile or station wagon used...vehicle, other than a passenger automobile or station wagon, used...vehicle, other than a passenger automobile or station wagon,...

2014-07-01

193

29 CFR 500.102 - Applicability of vehicle safety standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Motor Vehicle Safety and Insurance for Transportation of Migrant...standards. (a) Any passenger automobile or station wagon used...vehicle, other than a passenger automobile or station wagon, used...vehicle, other than a passenger automobile or station wagon,...

2012-07-01

194

Business and Finance 15 Passenger Vans Policy #2.73  

E-print Network

) or accepted as gift vehicles. 2. Not be used for towing. 3. Not be used to transport more than 12 passengers. Effective on or before March 2010, 15 passenger vans will not be used to transport passengers. #12;OfficeOffice of Business and Finance 15 Passenger Vans Policy #2.73 Office of Business and Finance

195

Vehicle routing and scheduling for the ultra short haul transportation system  

E-print Network

A method of vehicle routing and scheduling for an air based intraurban transportation system is developed. The maximization of level of service to passengers in a system operating under time varying demand is considered ...

Smith, Barry C.

1979-01-01

196

49 CFR 39.27 - Can a PVO take action to deny transportation or restrict services to a passenger with a...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

49 Transportation 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01...false Can a PVO take action to deny transportation or restrict services to a passenger...concerns? 39.27 Section 39.27 Transportation Office of the Secretary of...

2013-10-01

197

49 CFR 39.27 - Can a PVO take action to deny transportation or restrict services to a passenger with a...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

49 Transportation 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01...false Can a PVO take action to deny transportation or restrict services to a passenger...concerns? 39.27 Section 39.27 Transportation Office of the Secretary of...

2012-10-01

198

49 CFR 39.27 - Can a PVO take action to deny transportation or restrict services to a passenger with a...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

49 Transportation 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01...false Can a PVO take action to deny transportation or restrict services to a passenger...concerns? 39.27 Section 39.27 Transportation Office of the Secretary of...

2011-10-01

199

49 CFR 39.27 - Can a PVO take action to deny transportation or restrict services to a passenger with a...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

49 Transportation 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01...false Can a PVO take action to deny transportation or restrict services to a passenger...concerns? 39.27 Section 39.27 Transportation Office of the Secretary of...

2014-10-01

200

49 CFR 39.27 - Can a PVO take action to deny transportation or restrict services to a passenger with a...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01...false Can a PVO take action to deny transportation or restrict services to a passenger...concerns? 39.27 Section 39.27 Transportation Office of the Secretary of...

2010-10-01

201

Measuring service quality and a comparative analysis in the passenger carriage of airline industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Acquiring new customers and retaining existing customers have long been two important subjects for service organizations. Creating difference in every section of the service is a key factor to success on realization of these purposes. When service quality is thought as an important factor for creating difference in service industry, the importance of estimating service quality provided to customers comes

Sabri T. Erdil; O?uz Y?ld?z

2011-01-01

202

PARTICULATE CONCENTRATION IN AUTOMOBILE PASSENGER COMPARTMENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

An experimental study of the dust concentration in automobile passenger compartments was conducted to understand how driving conditions and a vehicle's ventilation system can affect cabin air quality. The results of this study are essential for designing appropriate cabin air filters and developing proper test procedures.The particle size distribution of atmospheric contaminants entering the vehicle's passenger compartment through air registers

T. J. PTAK; STEPHEN L. FALLON

1994-01-01

203

Parametric studies of North East Corridor rail passenger service between New York City and Washington, D. C.. [propulsive efficiency studies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Speed profiles of rail passenger service between New York City and Washington, D.C. were developed and showed progressively fewer speed restrictions and increasing maximum speeds. The significant equipment characteristics include the portion of the total weight on driven axles, i.e., multiple unit (MU) cars versus locomotive hauled trains, and the short term tractive effort rating of the motors. The ratio of acceleration plus braking time to total time is provided for validation of the use of the short term propulsion equipment ratings. Absolute trip times are shown to be determined primarily by the allowed speed profile. Locomotive hauled train weights and lengths and the locomotive capabilities and characteristics that are required to make the performance of this type of train comparable to that of MU trains are given.

Stallkamp, J. A.

1977-01-01

204

Passengers of Impaired Drivers  

PubMed Central

Introduction The aims of this study are (a) to estimate the prevalence of passengers riding with alcohol-impaired drivers; (b) to investigate the role of demographic factors (age, gender, race/ethnicity, educational status) and relevant driving conditions (time of the day, trip origin, vehicle ownership) on shaping the likelihood of alcohol-impaired driving; (c) to identify and estimate the prevalence of passengers as alternative drivers (PADs); and (d) to examine the role that vehicle ownership plays in shaping the occurrence of PADs. Method Data came from a unique convenience sample of passengers obtained from the 2007 National Roadside Survey, a random sample of drivers from the 48 contiguous states. Results The prevalence of PADs in the targeted population (mostly weekend night vehicles) was higher with drivers at .00vehicle ownership is a large impediment for PADs to act as designated drivers. We speculate that vehicle ownership may be a main reason for the less-than-expected success of the “designated driver” concept. PMID:22974681

Romano, Eduardo; Kelley-Baker, Tara; Lacey, John

2012-01-01

205

41 CFR 102-34.45 - How are passenger automobiles classified?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false How are passenger automobiles classified? 102-34.45 Section 102-34...Vehicles § 102-34.45 How are passenger automobiles classified? Passenger automobiles are classified in the following table:...

2011-01-01

206

41 CFR 102-34.45 - How are passenger automobiles classified?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false How are passenger automobiles classified? 102-34.45 Section 102-34...Vehicles § 102-34.45 How are passenger automobiles classified? Passenger automobiles are classified in the following table:...

2012-01-01

207

41 CFR 102-34.45 - How are passenger automobiles classified?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false How are passenger automobiles classified? 102-34.45 Section 102-34...Vehicles § 102-34.45 How are passenger automobiles classified? Passenger automobiles are classified in the following table:...

2010-07-01

208

41 CFR 102-34.45 - How are passenger automobiles classified?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false How are passenger automobiles classified? 102-34.45 Section 102-34...Vehicles § 102-34.45 How are passenger automobiles classified? Passenger automobiles are classified in the following table:...

2013-07-01

209

41 CFR 102-34.45 - How are passenger automobiles classified?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 false How are passenger automobiles classified? 102-34.45 Section 102-34...Vehicles § 102-34.45 How are passenger automobiles classified? Passenger automobiles are classified in the following table:...

2014-01-01

210

Effects of diesel/biodiesel blends on regulated and unregulated pollutants from a passenger vehicle operated over the European and the Athens driving cycles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents the regulated and unregulated exhaust emissions of a diesel passenger vehicle, operated with low sulphur automotive diesel and soy methyl ester blends. Emission and fuel consumption measurements were conducted under real driving conditions (Athens Driving Cycle, ADC) and compared with those of a modified New European Driving Cycle (NEDC) using a chassis dynamometer. A Euro II compliant diesel vehicle was used in this study, equipped with an indirect injection diesel engine, fuelled with diesel fuel and biodiesel blends at proportions of 5, 10, and 20% respectively. Unregulated emissions of 11 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), 5 nitro-PAHs, 13 carbonyl compounds (CBCs) and the soluble organic fraction (SOF) of the particulate matter were measured. Qualitative hydrocarbon analysis was also performed on the SOF. Regulated emissions of NO x, CO, HC, CO 2, and PM were also measured over the two test cycles. It was established that some of the emissions measured over the (hot-start) NEDC differed from the real-world cycle. Significant differences were also observed in the vehicle's fuel consumption between the two test cycles. The addition of biodiesel reduced the regulated emissions of CO, HC and PM, while an increase in NO x was observed over the ADC. Carbonyl emissions, PAHs and nitro-PAHs were reduced with the addition of biodiesel over both driving cycles.

Karavalakis, George; Stournas, Stamoulis; Bakeas, Evangelos

211

Electric Vehicle Service Personnel Training Program  

SciTech Connect

As the share of hybrid, plug-in hybrid (PHEV), electric (EV) and fuel-cell (FCV) vehicles grows in the national automotive fleet, an entirely new set of diagnostic and technical skills needs to be obtained by the maintenance workforce. Electrically-powered vehicles require new diagnostic tools, technique and vocabulary when compared to existing internal combustion engine-powered models. While the manufacturers of these new vehicles train their own maintenance personnel, training for students, independent working technicians and fleet operators is less focused and organized. This DOE-funded effort provided training to these three target groups to help expand availability of skills and to provide more competition (and lower consumer cost) in the maintenance of these hybrid- and electric-powered vehicles. Our approach was to start locally in the San Francisco Bay Area, one of the densest markets in the United States for these types of automobiles. We then expanded training to the Los Angeles area and then out-of-state to identify what types of curriculum was appropriate and what types of problems were encountered as training was disseminated. The fact that this effort trained up to 800 individuals with sessions varying from 2- day workshops to full-semester courses is considered a successful outcome. Diverse programs were developed to match unique time availability and educational needs of each of the three target audiences. Several key findings and observations arising from this effort include: • Recognition that hybrid and PHEV training demand is immediate; demand for EV training is starting to emerge; while demand for FCV training is still over the horizon • Hybrid and PHEV training are an excellent starting point for all EV-related training as they introduce all the basic concepts (electric motors, battery management, controllers, vocabulary, testing techniques) that are needed for all EVs, and these skills are in-demand in today’s market. • Faculty training is widely available and can be relatively quickly achieved. Equipment availability (vehicles, specialized tools, diagnostic software and computers) is a bigger challenge for funding-constrained colleges. • A computer-based emulation system that would replicate vehicle and diagnostic software in one package is a training aid that would have widespread benefit, but does not appear to exist. This need is further described at the end of Section 6.5. The benefits of this project are unique to each of the three target audiences. Students have learned skills they will use for the remainder of their careers; independent technicians can now accept customers who they previously needed to turn away due to lack of familiarity with hybrid systems; and fleet maintenance personnel are able to lower costs by undertaking work in-house that they previously needed to outsource. The direct job impact is estimated at 0.75 FTE continuously over the 3 ½ -year duration of the grant.

Bernstein, Gerald

2013-06-21

212

Train Timetabling Algorithm Based on Passengers' Demands  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In railways, fixed timetables are provided day by day at present, meaning that those timetables do not fit passengers' demand of each occasion. In this paper, we propose an idea to dynamically change train timetables reflecting passengers' demands so that passengers can be provided with better transportation services. To realize this idea, we introduce a train timetabling algorithm which organizes train timetables directly from passengers' demands. Unlike conventional works, the algorithm takes all passengers' disutilities into account by estimating each passenger's behavior towards a train timetable, and produces a timetable in which passengers' disutilities are minimized and efficiency of resource utilization is maximized. Hence, this algorithm takes passengers' demands as its input and outputs a near optimal timetable from the viewpoints of the criteria described above. We have conducted several experiments using the data which were made from actual railway lines and shown that the algorithm is capable of producing timetables which properly fit the passengers' demands.

Kunimatsu, Taketoshi; Hirai, Chikara; Tomii, Norio

213

Speech Dialog System for In-vehicle Information Services ???? ? ??? ? ??? ? ????  

Microsoft Academic Search

DENSO CORPORATION and Hitachi, Ltd. are developing a next generation speech dialog system for in-vehicle information services, through joint research with Carnegie Mellon University. The speech dialog system employs a novel dialog manager based on an extension to the VoiceXML that allows a user to switch the dialog tasks flexibly. This paper describes the basic configuration of the proposed system

Masahiko TATEISHI Ichiro AKAHORI; Nobuo HATAOKA Junichiro WATANABE; Eric Nyberg; Teruko Mitamura; Yasunari Obuchi

214

Phase 1 of the near team hybrid passenger vehicle development program. Appendix C: Preliminary design data package, volume 1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The methodology used for vehicle layout and component definition is described as well as techniques for system optimization and energy evaluation. The preliminary design is examined with particular attention given to body and structure; propulsion system; crash analysis and handling; internal combustion engine; DC motor separately excited; Ni-Zn battery; transmission; control system; vehicle auxiliarries; weight breakdown, and life cycle costs. Formulas are given for the quantification of energy consumption and results are compared with the reference vehicle.

Piccolo, R.

1979-01-01

215

Towards a Virtual Enterprise for Passenger Transportation Using Agents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work presents a framework for developing a virtual enterprise for passenger transportation using the agent paradigm as\\u000a baseline. The framework provides a set of base agents and behaviours that give the basic service functionality. The agent\\u000a architecture allows the integration of different fleet operators and vehicle providers on one side, and users with their different\\u000a groups and requirements on

Claudio Cubillos; Franco Guidi-Polanco; Claudio Demartini

216

Phase 1 of the near term hybrid passenger vehicle development program. Appendix B: Trade-off studies. Volume 2: Appendices  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The SPEC '78 computer program which consists of mathematical simulations of any vehicle component and external environment is described as are configuration alternatives for the propulsion system. Preliminary assessments of the fundamental characteristics of the lead-acid and sodium-sulfur batteries are included and procedures are given for estimating the cost of a new vehicle in mass production.

Traversi, M.; Piccolo, R.

1979-01-01

217

A multi-agent based model for urban demand-responsive passenger transport services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multi-agent simulation has been looked as an efficient tool for urban dynamic traffic services. However, the main problem is how to build an agent-based model for it. This research presents a multi-agent based demand responsive transport (DRT) services model, which adopts a practical multi-agents planning approach for urban DRT services control that satisfies the main constraints: minimize total slack time,

Xu Jin; Habib Abdulrab; Mhamed Itmi

2008-01-01

218

Quantifying the Effects of Idle-Stop Systems on Fuel Economy in Light-Duty Passenger Vehicles  

SciTech Connect

Vehicles equipped with idle-stop (IS) systems are capable of engine shut down when the vehicle is stopped and rapid engine re-start for the vehicle launch. This capability reduces fuel consumption and emissions during periods when the engine is not being utilized to provide propulsion or to power accessories. IS systems are a low-cost and fast-growing technology in the industry-wide pursuit of increased vehicle efficiency, possibly becoming standard features in European vehicles in the near future. In contrast, currently there are only three non-hybrid vehicle models for sale in North America with IS systems and these models are distinctly low-volume models. As part of the United States Department of Energy’s Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity, ECOtality North America has tested the real-world effect of IS systems on fuel consumption in three vehicle models imported from Europe. These vehicles were chosen to represent three types of systems: (1) spark ignition with 12-V belt alternator starter; (2) compression ignition with 12-V belt alternator starter; and (3) direct-injection spark ignition, with 12-V belt alternator starter/combustion restart. The vehicles have undergone both dynamometer and on-road testing; the test results show somewhat conflicting data. The laboratory data and the portion of the on-road data in which driving is conducted on a prescribed route with trained drivers produced significant fuel economy improvement. However, the fleet data do not corroborate improvement, even though the data show significant engine-off time. It is possible that the effects of the varying driving styles and routes in the fleet testing overshadowed the fuel economy improvements. More testing with the same driver over routes that are similar with the IS system-enabled and disabled is recommended. There is anecdotal evidence that current Environmental Protection Agency fuel economy test procedures do not capture the fuel economy gains that IS systems produce in real-world driving. The program test results provide information on the veracity of these claims.

Jeff Wishart; Matthew Shirk

2012-12-01

219

(Mark an X in one of the three option boxes and answer all questions) Sport Clubs Travel Itinerary Form  

E-print Network

Itinerary Form Passenger Passenger Passenger Transportation ServicesPersonal Vehicles Non-University Rental Passenger Sport Clubs Transportation Info Passenger Passenger Please fill in all drivers and traveling DRIVER Passenger Passenger Passenger Passenger Passenger Passenger Campus Recreation Designee Date

Ponce, V. Miguel

220

Synergies between Solar Power Supply from Space and Passenger Space Travel  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Energy supply from space, as proposed by Peter Glaser in 1968, requires low launch costs in order to be economic, which can only be achieved through large-scale operations of reusable launch vehicles. From market research and feasibility studies performed over the past decade, passenger space travel services, which also require low launch costs, and appear to have the potential to develop into an industry as large as passenger air travel. The paper discusses the synergistic relationship between power supply from space and passenger space travel, whereby each may require the other for its realisation. While governments have been slow to adopt energy policies needed to avoid energy shortages and environmental destruction, the need for new industries to reduce record levels of unemployment world-wide may stimulate the development of passenger space travel - which could in turn stimulate the development of space-based solar power supply systems.

Collins, P.

2004-12-01

221

Phase 1 of the near team hybrid passenger vehicle development program. Appendix C: Preliminary design data package. Volume 2: Appendices  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The design, development, efficiency, manufacturability, production costs, life cycle cost, and safety of sodium-sulfur, nickel-zinc, and lead-acid batteries for electric hybrid vehicles are discussed. Models are given for simulating the vehicle handling quality, and for finding the value of: (1) the various magnetic quantities in the different sections in which the magnetic circuit of the DC electric machine is divided; (2) flux distribution in the air gap and the magnetization curve under load conditions; and (3) the mechanical power curves versus motor speed at different values of armature current.

Piccolo, R.

1979-01-01

222

Real-Time Mass Passenger Transport Network Optimization Problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the real-time mass transport vehicle routing problem (MTVRP) is to find a solution to route n vehicles in real time to pick up and deliver m passengers. This problem is described in the context of flexible large-scale mass transportation options that use new technologies for communication among passengers and vehicles. This study does not focus on the

Laia Pages; R. Jayakrishnan

2006-01-01

223

Passenger vibration in transportation vehicles; Proceedings of the Design Engineering Technical Conference, Chicago, Ill., September 26-28, 1977  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technological problems in controlling the vibrations and improving the ride environment of aircraft, helicopters, railroad cars and automobiles are discussed. Digital processing of vibration data from automobiles and the effects of track alignment and railroad car suspension on railway ride quality are treated. A comparative study of the vibration environments of a variety of air and surface vehicles is also

A. Berman; A. J. Hannibal

1977-01-01

224

A techno-economic analysis and optimization of Li-ion batteries for light-duty passenger vehicle electrification  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We conduct a techno-economic analysis of Li-ion NMC-G prismatic pouch battery and pack designs for electric vehicle applications. We develop models of power capability and manufacturing operations to identify the minimum cost cell and pack designs for a variety of plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) and battery electric vehicle (BEV) requirements. We find that economies of scale in battery manufacturing are reached quickly at a production volume of ?200-300 MWh annually. Increased volume does little to reduce unit costs, except potentially indirectly through factors such as experience, learning, and innovation. We also find that vehicle applications with larger energy requirements are able to utilize cheaper cells due in part to the use of thicker electrodes. The effect on cost can be substantial. In our base case, we estimate pack-level battery production costs of ?545 kWh-1 for a PHEV with a 10 mile (16 km) all-electric range (PHEV10) and ?230 kWh-1 for a BEV with a 200 mile (320 km) all-electric range (BEV200). This 58% reduction, from 545 kWh-1 to 230 kWh-1, is a larger effect than the uncertainty represented by our optimistic and pessimistic scenarios. Electrodes thicker than about 100 or 125 microns are not currently used in practice due to manufacturing and durability concerns, but relaxing this constraint could further lower the cost of larger capacity BEV200 packs by up to an additional 8%.

Sakti, Apurba; Michalek, Jeremy J.; Fuchs, Erica R. H.; Whitacre, Jay F.

2015-01-01

225

29 CFR 500.104 - Department of Labor standards for passenger automobiles and station wagons and transportation of...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Labor standards for passenger automobiles and station wagons and transportation... Motor Vehicle Safety and Insurance for Transportation of Migrant...Labor standards for passenger automobiles and station wagons and transportation...transportation in passenger automobiles and station wagons and...

2014-07-01

226

29 CFR 500.104 - Department of Labor standards for passenger automobiles and station wagons and transportation of...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Labor standards for passenger automobiles and station wagons and transportation... Motor Vehicle Safety and Insurance for Transportation of Migrant...Labor standards for passenger automobiles and station wagons and transportation...transportation in passenger automobiles and station wagons and...

2012-07-01

227

29 CFR 500.104 - Department of Labor standards for passenger automobiles and station wagons and transportation of...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Labor standards for passenger automobiles and station wagons and transportation... Motor Vehicle Safety and Insurance for Transportation of Migrant...Labor standards for passenger automobiles and station wagons and transportation...transportation in passenger automobiles and station wagons and...

2010-07-01

228

29 CFR 500.104 - Department of Labor standards for passenger automobiles and station wagons and transportation of...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Labor standards for passenger automobiles and station wagons and transportation... Motor Vehicle Safety and Insurance for Transportation of Migrant...Labor standards for passenger automobiles and station wagons and transportation...transportation in passenger automobiles and station wagons and...

2013-07-01

229

29 CFR 500.104 - Department of Labor standards for passenger automobiles and station wagons and transportation of...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Labor standards for passenger automobiles and station wagons and transportation... Motor Vehicle Safety and Insurance for Transportation of Migrant...Labor standards for passenger automobiles and station wagons and transportation...transportation in passenger automobiles and station wagons and...

2011-07-01

230

75 FR 25927 - Vehicle/Track Interaction Safety Standards; High-Speed and High Cant Deficiency Operations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...behavior of rail vehicles. These models require...accurate knowledge of vehicle parameters, including...passenger car. (2) Vehicle type means vehicles with variations...passenger car. (2) Vehicle type means vehicles with...

2010-05-10

231

The infl uence of service failure and service recovery on airline passengers' relationships with domestic airlines: an exploratory study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Service failures and the subsequent service recovery eff orts of an organisation can have a profound eff ect on customers' satisfaction with an organisation as well as on the quality of the relationship with the organisation, despite other eff orts by the organisation to build long-term relationships with its customers. Airlines in particular are faced with several challenges aff ecting

P. G. Mostert; C. F. De Meyer; L. R. J. van Rensburg

2009-01-01

232

CO 2 emissions from passenger transport  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a comparative analysis of the changes in energy use and CO2 emissions from passenger transport in nine OECD countries. Unlike most previous analyses, we base our analysis on a newly published international data set covering vehicle activity, passenger travel and fuel use by mode. We calculate how changes in activity, modal composition and the energy intensity of

Lynn Scholl; Lee Schipper; Nancy Kiang

1996-01-01

233

Particle number emission factors and volatile fraction of particles emitted from on-road gasoline direct injection passenger vehicles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Particle number emission factors, and the volatility of the particles, are measured on-road for five gasoline direct injection vehicles over a wide range of operating conditions including urban and highway driving conditions. Two condensation particle counters (CPC) were used to measure nascent and non-volatile (thermodenuded) particle concentrations for transient urban and highway tests. To measure the non-volatile concentration and also the volatility of the particles, a thermodenuder was employed to remove the semi-volatile material from the aerosol sample. Rapid accelerations were also studied in more detail by measuring the particle size distributions in real-time using a differential mobility spectrometer (DMS). The ratio of semi-volatile particles to total particle number is generally higher during acceleration followed by the idle operating mode. The number emission factors (for particles larger than 2.5 nm) ranged between 5.46 × 1011-3.50 × 1012/km for freshly emitted (nascent) particles and between 2.87 × 1011-3.31 × 1012/km for non-volatile (thermodenuded) particles. More particles per kilometer are produced during acceleration compared to cruise conditions where the non-volatile particle number emission factor for acceleration is 2.3 and 1.8 times higher than vehicle cruise for urban and highway driving cycles, respectively. Particle number emission factor models are also presented in terms of particle emission rate as a function of vehicle tractive power and also as a function of vehicle specific power as defined for the US Environmental Protection Agency's MOVES model.

Momenimovahed, A.; Handford, D.; Checkel, M. D.; Olfert, J. S.

2015-02-01

234

76 FR 15903 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Roof Crush Resistance  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...crashes for motor vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating...strength for driver and passenger...strength for driver and passenger...for motor vehicles with a GVWR...all types of vehicles, including multi-stage vehicle issues....

2011-03-22

235

40 CFR 86.1811-10 - Emission standards for light-duty vehicles, light-duty trucks and medium-duty passenger vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...IN-USE HIGHWAY VEHICLES AND ENGINES (CONTINUED) General...standards are applicable only to gasoline fueled LDV/Ts and MDPVs...LDV/LLDTs Model Year of Introduction 2008 2009 2010 2011...HLDT/MDPVs Model Year of Introduction 2010 2011 2012...

2010-07-01

236

Autonomous personal vehicle for the first- and last-mile transportation services  

E-print Network

This paper describes an autonomous vehicle testbed that aims at providing the first- and last- mile transportation services. The vehicle mainly operates in a crowded urban environment whose features can be extracted a ...

Chong, Z. J.

237

The Coming Commercial Passenger Space Transportation Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This paper discusses the future of commercial passenger space transportation from multiple viewpoints — technical, financial,\\u000a organisational and political — as well as economic policy, legal and social considerations. It argues that passenger space\\u000a travel offers the opportunity for launch services to grow into a profitable commercial industry, with potential to grow to\\u000a a very large scale, like passenger air

P. Collins

238

14 CFR 91.535 - Stowage of food, beverage, and passenger service equipment during aircraft movement on the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...in its stowed position. (d) No operator may permit an aircraft to move on the surface, take off, or land unless each movie screen that extends into the aisle is stowed. (e) Each passenger shall comply with instructions given by a crewmember...

2010-01-01

239

14 CFR 121.577 - Stowage of food, beverage, and passenger service equipment during airplane movement on the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...stowed position. (d) No certificate holder may permit an airplane to move on the surface, take off, or land unless each movie screen that extends into an aisle is stowed. (e) Each passenger shall comply with instructions given by a crewmember...

2010-01-01

240

14 CFR 91.535 - Stowage of food, beverage, and passenger service equipment during aircraft movement on the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...in its stowed position. (d) No operator may permit an aircraft to move on the surface, take off, or land unless each movie screen that extends into the aisle is stowed. (e) Each passenger shall comply with instructions given by a crewmember...

2013-01-01

241

14 CFR 91.535 - Stowage of food, beverage, and passenger service equipment during aircraft movement on the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...in its stowed position. (d) No operator may permit an aircraft to move on the surface, take off, or land unless each movie screen that extends into the aisle is stowed. (e) Each passenger shall comply with instructions given by a crewmember...

2012-01-01

242

14 CFR 121.577 - Stowage of food, beverage, and passenger service equipment during airplane movement on the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...stowed position. (d) No certificate holder may permit an airplane to move on the surface, take off, or land unless each movie screen that extends into an aisle is stowed. (e) Each passenger shall comply with instructions given by a crewmember...

2011-01-01

243

14 CFR 91.535 - Stowage of food, beverage, and passenger service equipment during aircraft movement on the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...in its stowed position. (d) No operator may permit an aircraft to move on the surface, take off, or land unless each movie screen that extends into the aisle is stowed. (e) Each passenger shall comply with instructions given by a crewmember...

2014-01-01

244

14 CFR 121.577 - Stowage of food, beverage, and passenger service equipment during airplane movement on the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...stowed position. (d) No certificate holder may permit an airplane to move on the surface, take off, or land unless each movie screen that extends into an aisle is stowed. (e) Each passenger shall comply with instructions given by a crewmember...

2014-01-01

245

14 CFR 91.535 - Stowage of food, beverage, and passenger service equipment during aircraft movement on the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...in its stowed position. (d) No operator may permit an aircraft to move on the surface, take off, or land unless each movie screen that extends into the aisle is stowed. (e) Each passenger shall comply with instructions given by a crewmember...

2011-01-01

246

14 CFR 121.577 - Stowage of food, beverage, and passenger service equipment during airplane movement on the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...stowed position. (d) No certificate holder may permit an airplane to move on the surface, take off, or land unless each movie screen that extends into an aisle is stowed. (e) Each passenger shall comply with instructions given by a crewmember...

2013-01-01

247

14 CFR 121.577 - Stowage of food, beverage, and passenger service equipment during airplane movement on the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...stowed position. (d) No certificate holder may permit an airplane to move on the surface, take off, or land unless each movie screen that extends into an aisle is stowed. (e) Each passenger shall comply with instructions given by a crewmember...

2012-01-01

248

49 CFR 176.172 - Structural serviceability of freight containers and vehicles carrying Class 1 (explosive...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Structural serviceability of freight containers...and Shipborne Barges § 176.172 Structural serviceability of freight containers...vehicle cannot have major defects in its structural components, such as top and...

2011-10-01

249

150 Passenger Commercial Aircraft  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

It has been projected that the need for a short-range mid-sized, aircraft is increasing. The future strategy to decrease long-haul flights will increase the demand for short-haul flights. Since passengers prefer to meet their destinations quickly, airlines will increase the frequency of flights, which will reduce the passenger load on the aircraft. If a point-to-point flight is not possible, passengers will prefer only a one-stop short connecting flight to their final destination. A 150-passenger aircraft is an ideal vehicle for these situations. It is mid-sized aircraft and has a range of 3000 nautical miles. This type of aircraft would market U.S. domestic flights or inter-European flight routes. The objective of the design of the 150-passenger aircraft is to minimize fuel consumption. The configuration of the aircraft must be optimized. This aircraft must meet CO2 and NOx emissions standards with minimal acquisition price and operating costs. This report contains all the work that has been performed for the completion of the design of a 150 passenger commercial aircraft. The methodology used is the Technology Identification, Evaluation, and Selection (TIES) developed at Georgia Tech Aerospace Systems Design laboratory (ASDL). This is an eight-step conceptual design process to evaluate the probability of meeting the design constraints. This methodology also allows for the evaluation of new technologies to be implemented into the design. The TIES process begins with defining the problem with a need established and a market targeted. With the customer requirements set and the target values established, a baseline concept is created. Next, the design space is explored to determine the feasibility and viability of the baseline aircraft configuration. If the design is neither feasible nor viable, new technologies can be implemented to open up the feasible design space and allow for a plausible solution. After the new technologies are identified, they must be evaluated to determine the physical compatibility of integrating multiple technologies and then the impact on the design, both improvements and degradations, must be determined. These technologies are assessed deterministically. Again, Response Surface Equations (RSEs) are developed to allow for a full factorial evaluation of the combinations of the technologies. The best combination of technologies is selected and then the design space is again reevaluated for feasibility and viability.

Bucovsky, Adrian; Romli, Fairuz I.; Rupp, Jessica

2002-01-01

250

Proxy Mobile IPv6 for Electric Vehicle Charging Service: Use Cases and Analysis  

E-print Network

(including full electric and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, in common, EVs) belong to. On the other handProxy Mobile IPv6 for Electric Vehicle Charging Service: Use Cases and Analysis Tien-Thinh Nguyen acknowledged that the key limitation to a raising market deployment of Electric Vehicles (EV) is correlated

Gesbert, David

251

Fleet Services PoliciesandProcedures  

E-print Network

is made to transport an unauthorized passenger constitutes personal use of a University vehicle . 2 #12 Passengers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Transportation requests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

252

A unified framework for vehicle routing problems with stochastic travel and service times  

E-print Network

A unified framework for vehicle routing problems with stochastic travel and service times Andr´es G such as travel times and customer demands are known in advance. However, in a practical setting, more often than in the literature: the vehicle routing problems with stochastic travel and service times. The main contributions

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

253

Emissions Impacts and Benefits of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles and Vehicle-to-Grid Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) have been promoted as a potential technology to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and other pollutants by using electricity instead of petroleum, and by improving electric system efficiency by providing vehicle-to-grid (V2G) services. We use an electric power system model to explicitly evaluate the change in generator dispatches resulting from PHEV deployment in the Texas

Ramteen Sioshansi; Paul Denholm

2009-01-01

254

77 FR 33331 - Regulatory Guidance on the Applicability of Property-Carrier Hours-of-Service Rules to the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Operation of Vehicles Designed to Transport Passengers AGENCY: Federal Motor Carrier...vehicles designed or used to transport passengers on ``driveaway-towaway...vehicles designed or used to transport passengers, while operating the...

2012-06-06

255

Operations analysis (study 2.6). Volume 4: Computer specification; logistics of orbiting vehicle servicing (LOVES)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The logistics of orbital vehicle servicing computer specifications was developed and a number of alternatives to improve utilization of the space shuttle and the tug were investigated. Preliminary results indicate that space servicing offers a potential for reducing future operational and program costs over ground refurbishment of satellites. A computer code which could be developed to simulate space servicing is presented.

1973-01-01

256

Recreation Vehicle Service Technician: Apprenticeship Course Outline. Apprenticeship and Industry Training. 4507.1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The graduate of the Recreational Vehicle Service Technician apprenticeship program is a certified journeyperson who will be able to: (1) know the standards and regulations that relate to recreation vehicles; (2) install, repair and maintain LP gas distribution systems and appliances; (3) install, repair and maintain plumbing and electrical…

Alberta Advanced Education and Technology, 2007

2007-01-01

257

NUMBER: VMPS 6.00 SECTION: Vehicle Management and Parking Services  

E-print Network

and scope of the employee's official duties. However, USC's automobile liability insurance is an excess policy and is secondary to any other valid and collectable insurance covering the automobile. USC1 NUMBER: VMPS 6.00 SECTION: Vehicle Management and Parking Services SUBJECT: Vehicle Insurance

Almor, Amit

258

Virginia Tech Fleet Services Electric/Gas Utility Vehicle (EGUV) Purchase Request Form  

E-print Network

Virginia Tech Fleet Services Electric/Gas Utility Vehicle (EGUV) Purchase Request Form Instructions: Organization Number: Banner Fund Number (For Decal Processing): Type of EGUV Requested: Area of Operation

Beex, A. A. "Louis"

259

Phase 1 of the near term hybrid passenger vehicles development program. Appendix A: Mission analysis and performance specification studies, volume 1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Applicable data was categorized and processed according to vehicle usage and trip parameters with consideration of payload (cargo, people, size) and driving cycles. A mission that maximizes the fuel potential savings for the total 1985 vehicle fleet was selected. Mission requirements that have a bearing on conventional and hybrid vehicle performance and characteristics were identified and formulated and a reference ICE vehicle was selected that meets or exceeds all requirements while maintaining within applicable constraints. Specifications for vehicle performance were established based on mission requirements, mission related vehicle characteristics, and fuel consumption.

Traversi, M.; Barbarek, L. A. C.

1979-01-01

260

14 CFR 382.117 - Must carriers permit passengers with a disability to travel with service animals?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...jurisdiction in which it was issued. (f) You are never required to accommodate certain unusual service animals (e.g., snakes, other reptiles, ferrets, rodents, and spiders) as service animals in the cabin. With respect to all other animals,...

2014-01-01

261

14 CFR 382.117 - Must carriers permit passengers with a disability to travel with service animals?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...jurisdiction in which it was issued. (f) You are never required to accommodate certain unusual service animals (e.g., snakes, other reptiles, ferrets, rodents, and spiders) as service animals in the cabin. With respect to all other animals,...

2011-01-01

262

14 CFR 382.117 - Must carriers permit passengers with a disability to travel with service animals?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...jurisdiction in which it was issued. (f) You are never required to accommodate certain unusual service animals (e.g., snakes, other reptiles, ferrets, rodents, and spiders) as service animals in the cabin. With respect to all other animals,...

2013-01-01

263

14 CFR 382.117 - Must carriers permit passengers with a disability to travel with service animals?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...jurisdiction in which it was issued. (f) You are never required to accommodate certain unusual service animals (e.g., snakes, other reptiles, ferrets, rodents, and spiders) as service animals in the cabin. With respect to all other animals,...

2010-01-01

264

14 CFR 382.117 - Must carriers permit passengers with a disability to travel with service animals?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...jurisdiction in which it was issued. (f) You are never required to accommodate certain unusual service animals (e.g., snakes, other reptiles, ferrets, rodents, and spiders) as service animals in the cabin. With respect to all other animals,...

2012-01-01

265

Optimal planning and control for hazard avoidance of front-wheel steered ground vehicles  

E-print Network

Hazard avoidance is an important capability for safe operation of robotic vehicles at high speed. It is also an important consideration for passenger vehicle safety, as thousands are killed each year in passenger vehicle ...

Peters, Steven C. (Steven Conrad)

2012-01-01

266

77 FR 55267 - Decision That Certain Nonconforming Motor Vehicles Are Eligible for Importation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...No. NHTSA-2012-0035 Nonconforming Vehicles: 1999-2006 Toyota Land Cruiser IFS 100 Series Multipurpose Passenger Vehicles...Substantially Similar U.S. Certified Vehicles: 1999-2006 Toyota Land Cruiser IFS 100 Series Multipurpose Passenger...

2012-09-07

267

Cooperative Vehicles to Facilitate the Crossing of Intersections by Emergency Service Vehicles  

E-print Network

and likely at a lower cost. As a result the situational awareness of drivers of such vehicles of disorientation for drivers in the surrounding area. That is the sound waves propagate in such a manner that it is very difficult for the driver in the subject vehicle (SV) the direction of travel of the ESV. Further

Boyer, Edmond

268

Passenger and Cell Phone Conversations in Simulated Driving  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines how conversing with passengers in a vehicle differs from conversing on a cell phone while driving. We compared how well drivers were able to deal with the demands of driving when conversing on a cell phone, conversing with a passenger, and when driving without any distraction. In the conversation conditions, participants were instructed to converse with a

Frank A. Drews; Monisha Pasupathi; David L. Strayer

2008-01-01

269

Passenger and Cell Phone Conversations in Simulated Driving  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines how conversing with passengers in a vehicle differs from conversing on a cell phone while driving. We compared how well drivers were able to deal with the demands of driving when conversing on a cell phone, conversing with a passenger, and when driving without any distraction. In the conversation conditions, participants were…

Drews, Frank A.; Pasupathi, Monisha; Strayer, David L.

2008-01-01

270

77 FR 37477 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Glazing Materials  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...motor vehicles and motor vehicles equipment. S2. Purpose...transparency in motor vehicle windows for driver visibility, and to...being thrown through the vehicle windows in collisions...multipurpose passenger vehicles, trucks, buses,...

2012-06-21

271

Crew Exploration Vehicle Service Module Ascent Abort Coverage  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Crew Exploration Vehicle (CEV) is required to maintain continuous abort capability from lift off through destination arrival. This requirement is driven by the desire to provide the capability to safely return the crew to Earth after failure scenarios during the various phases of the mission. This paper addresses abort trajectory design considerations, concept of operations and guidance algorithm prototypes for the portion of the ascent trajectory following nominal jettison of the Launch Abort System (LAS) until safe orbit insertion. Factors such as abort system performance, crew load limits, natural environments, crew recovery, and vehicle element disposal were investigated to determine how to achieve continuous vehicle abort capability.

Tedesco, Mark B.; Evans, Bryan M.; Merritt, Deborah S.; Falck, Robert D.

2007-01-01

272

Using Cooperatives to Transport Rural Passengers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of two rural New York counties--Cortland and Otsego--was undertaken to identify innovative ways to provide public passenger transportation services in rural areas by using transportation cooperatives. Information about current transportation services was obtained from staff members of the human service agencies and county government…

Stommes, Eileen S.; Byrne, Robert J.

273

Passengers with Prosthetics  

MedlinePLUS

... Passengers with prostheses can be screened using imaging technology, metal detector, or a thorough patdown. Regardless of ... passenger is screened by a metal detector, imaging technology, or a thorough patdown, a prosthetic is subject ...

274

Emissions impacts and benefits of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and vehicle-to-grid services.  

PubMed

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) have been promoted as a potential technology to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and other pollutants by using electricity instead of petroleum, and byimproving electric system efficiency by providing vehicle-to-grid (V2G) services. We use an electric power system model to explicitly evaluate the change in generator dispatches resulting from PHEV deployment in the Texas grid, and apply fixed and non-parametric estimates of generator emissions rates, to estimate the resulting changes in generation emissions. We find that by using the flexibility of when vehicles may be charged, generator efficiency can be increased substantially. By changing generator dispatch, a PHEVfleet of up to 15% of light-duty vehicles can actually decrease net generator NOx emissions during the ozone season, despite the additional charging load. By adding V2G services, such as spinning reserves and energy storage, CO2, SO2, and NOx emissions can be reduced even further. PMID:19320180

Sioshansi, Ramteen; Denholm, Paul

2009-02-15

275

14 CFR 382.111 - What services must carriers provide to passengers with a disability on board the aircraft?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01... Section 382.111 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT...NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY IN AIR TRAVEL Services on Aircraft §...

2011-01-01

276

14 CFR 382.111 - What services must carriers provide to passengers with a disability on board the aircraft?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01... Section 382.111 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT...NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY IN AIR TRAVEL Services on Aircraft §...

2010-01-01

277

14 CFR 382.111 - What services must carriers provide to passengers with a disability on board the aircraft?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01... Section 382.111 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT...NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY IN AIR TRAVEL Services on Aircraft §...

2013-01-01

278

14 CFR 382.111 - What services must carriers provide to passengers with a disability on board the aircraft?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01... Section 382.111 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT...NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY IN AIR TRAVEL Services on Aircraft §...

2014-01-01

279

14 CFR 382.111 - What services must carriers provide to passengers with a disability on board the aircraft?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01... Section 382.111 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT...NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY IN AIR TRAVEL Services on Aircraft §...

2012-01-01

280

40 CFR 86.1818-12 - Greenhouse gas emission standards for light-duty vehicles, light-duty trucks, and medium-duty...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...light-duty vehicles, light-duty trucks, and medium-duty passenger vehicles. 86.1818-12...light-duty vehicles, light-duty trucks, and medium-duty passenger vehicles. (a) Applicability...light-duty vehicles, light-duty trucks, and medium-duty passenger vehicles....

2010-07-01

281

40 CFR 86.1811-17 - Exhaust emission standards for light-duty vehicles, light-duty trucks and medium-duty passenger...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...standard. For multi-fueled vehicles, calculate fleet-average emission levels based only on emission levels for testing with gasoline or diesel fuel. You may generate emission credits for banking and trading and you may use banked or...

2014-07-01

282

77 FR 74745 - Used Motor Vehicle Trade Regulation Rule  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...converters in U.S. vehicle exhaust systems...component of motor vehicles after the Rule's...seat belts. Dual driver and front passenger...are mandated for vehicles built after September...for all passenger vehicles manufactured after...obvious importance to vehicle safety. The...

2012-12-17

283

15 CFR 265.18 - Prohibited servicing of vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...REGULATIONS GOVERNING TRAFFIC AND CONDUCT ON THE GROUNDS OF THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS & TECHNOLOGY, GAITHERSBURG, MARYLAND, AND BOULDER AND FORT COLLINS, COLORADO Traffic and Vehicular Regulations § 265.18 Prohibited servicing of...

2011-01-01

284

LVMT Working document, July 2012 A stochastic model of passenger generalized time  

E-print Network

LVMT Working document, July 2012 1/14 A stochastic model of passenger generalized time along Ville Mobilité Transport, Ecole des Ponts ParisTech Abstract Along a transit line, vehicle traffic and passenger traffic are jointly subject to variability in travel time and vehicle load hence crowding

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

285

Proceedings and findings of the 1976 Workshop on Ride Quality. [passenger acceptance of transportation systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The workshop was organized around the study of the three basic transfer functions required to evaluate and/or predict passenger acceptance of transportation systems: These are the vehicle, passenger, and value transfer functions. For the purpose of establishing working groups corresponding to the basic transfer functions, it was decided to split the vehicle transfer function into two distinct groups studying surface vehicles and air/marine vehicles, respectively.

Kuhlthau, A. R. (editor)

1976-01-01

286

The use of virtual reality and physical tools in the development and validation of ease of entry and exit in passenger vehicles.  

PubMed

Ease of entry and exit is important for creating a positive first impression of a car and increasing customer satisfaction. Several methods are used within vehicle development to optimise ease of entry and exit, including CAD reviews, benchmarking and buck trials. However, there is an industry trend towards digital methods to reduce the costs and time associated with developing physical prototypes. This paper reports on a study of entry strategy in three properties (buck, car, CAVE) in which inconsistencies were demonstrated by people entering a vehicle representation in the CAVE. In a second study industry practitioners rated the CAVE as worse than physical methods for identifying entry and exit issues, and having lower perceived validity and reliability. However, the resource issues associated with building bucks were recognised. Recommendations are made for developing the CAVE and for combinations of methods for use at different stages of a vehicle's development. PMID:25683551

Lawson, Glyn; Herriotts, Paul; Malcolm, Louise; Gabrecht, Katharina; Hermawati, Setia

2015-05-01

287

POLLUTION PREVENTION OPPORTUNITY ASSESSMENT: GENERAL MAIL AND VEHICLE MAINTENANCE FACILITY, UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE, BUFFALO, NY  

EPA Science Inventory

The Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment (PPOA) summarized here was conducted at a U.S.Postal Service (USPS) Facility in Buffalo, NY. The PPOA documented and quantified waste generation at the General Mail Facility (GMF) where mail is processed, and at the Vehicle Maintena...

288

Characterist Passenger Demand  

E-print Network

Passeng er Demand User Trip Rates Passenger Demand #12;11 #12;12 0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 CityofBunyanTransit RenvilleCounty GrantCountyTransportation WesternCommunityAction,Inc. IsantiCounty Kandiyohi

Minnesota, University of

289

77 FR 65352 - Make Inoperative Exemptions; Vehicle Modifications To Accommodate People With Disabilities...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...private motor vehicles for mobility- impaired drivers or passengers...into the vehicle. The transfer...Thus, for vehicles in which...three rows of vehicles, which among...ejection. Vehicle manufacturing...person in the driver's...

2012-10-26

290

76 FR 54290 - Decision That Certain Nonconforming Motor Vehicles Are Eligible for Importation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...NHTSA-2011-0028: Nonconforming Vehicles: 2005-2006 Porsche Carrerra (997) passenger cars manufactured prior to September...Substantially Similar U.S. Certified Vehicles: 2005-2006 Porsche Carrerra (997) passenger cars manufactured prior to...

2011-08-31

291

49 CFR 571.303 - Standard No. 303; Fuel system integrity of compressed natural gas vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Fuel system integrity of compressed natural gas vehicles. S1. Scope. This...vehicle fuel systems using compressed natural gas (CNG), including the CNG fuel...This standard applies to passenger cars, multipurpose passenger...

2014-10-01

292

Page 1 of 16 The reform of passenger rail in Switzerland: more performance  

E-print Network

contracts Passenger Rail Transport policy ABSTRACT The Swiss railway system is known for its high quality for domestic passenger transport services by rail and fully separating infrastructure and operation management passenger rail transport system and to highlight the consequences for stakeholders and on performance

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

293

Quantitative assessment of passenger flows in Europe and its implications for tracing contacts of infectious passengers.  

PubMed

In contrast to air travel, there are no recommendations on tracing ground transport passengers exposed to infectious pathogens. We analysed European statistics on passenger transport in different conveyances and conducted expert workshops to discuss environmental conditions in ground transport, indications and minimal datasets required for contact tracing. Transport performance in the 27 countries of the European Union increased from 5.3 x 10(12) passenger kilometres (pkm) in 1995 to 6.5 x 10(12) pkm in 2007. Each resident generated on average 13,092 pkm in 2007, of which 2,062 pkm were public ground transport and 1,155 pkm in air transport. In the same year in Germany the total passenger volume in all different conveyances was 67,937 million. Public ground transport accounted for a passenger volume of 11,387 million (16.8%) and air transport for 129 million (0.2%). High efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filtration is frequently used in airplanes but not in ground transport vehicles. Therefore opportunities for disease transmission in public ground transport are not necessarily lower than in air travel. However, contact tracing is rarely conducted in these settings because of immense logistic challenges.Indication for contact tracing should be revisited, including all kinds of passenger transport. PMID:22720770

Askar, M A; Mohr, O; Eckmanns, T; Krause, G; Poggensee, G

2012-01-01

294

Small passenger car transmission test: Dodge Omni A-404 transmission  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The small passenger car transmission test was initiated to supply electric vehicle manufacturers with technical information regarding the performance of commercially available transmissions. This transmission was tested in accordance with a passenger car automatic transmission test code (SAE J65lb) which required drive performance, coast performance, and no load test conditions. Under these test conditions, the transmission attained maximum efficiencies in the mid eighty percent range for both drive performance test and coast performance tests.

Bujold, M. P.

1980-01-01

295

Determining optimum flash patterns for emergency service vehicles: an experimental investigation using high definition film.  

PubMed

An investigation of how emergency vehicle lighting (EVL) can be improved is reported with reference to an analysis of police vehicle road traffic accidents (Study 1). In Study 2, 37 regular drivers were shown film clips of a marked police vehicle, in which flash rate (1 Hz, 4 Hz) and pattern (single, triple pulse) were varied on the blue Light Emitting Diode (LED) roofbar. Results indicate a 4 Hz flash rate conveys greater urgency than a 1 Hz rate, while a 1 Hz, single flash combination was ranked the least urgent of all combinations. Participants claimed they would leave significantly more space before pulling out in front of an approaching police car (gap acceptance) in the 4 Hz single pulse condition in comparison to other EVL combinations. The preliminary implications for which flash characteristics could prove most optimal for emergency service use are discussed with regard to effects on driver perception and expected driving behaviour. PMID:23746746

Turner, Sally; Wylde, Julie; Langham, Martin; Morrow, Andrew

2014-09-01

296

Transportation vehicle energy intensities. A joint DOT/NASA reference paper. [energy consumption of air and ground vehicles  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A compilation of data on the energy consumption of air and ground vehicles is presented. The ratio BTU/ASM, British Thermal Units/Available Seat Mile, is used to express vehicle energy intensiveness, and related to the energy consumed directly in producing seat-mile or ton-mile productivity. Data is presented on passenger and freight vehicles which are in current use or which are about to enter service, and advanced vehicles which may be operational in the 1980's and beyond. For the advanced vehicles, an estimate is given of the date of initial operational service, and the performance characteristics. Other key considerations in interpreting energy intensiveness for a given mode are discussed, such as: load factors, operations, overhead energy consumption, and energy investments in new structure and equipment.

Mascy, A. C.; Paullin, R. L.

1974-01-01

297

1. A person commits an offense if the person operates a passenger vehicle, transports a child who is younger than eight years of age, unless the child is taller than four feet, nine inches, and does not keep  

E-print Network

to be secured in a child passenger safety seat system under Section 545.412 to ride in a passenger van designed in Texas #12;Best Practice All children should ride properly restrained. Infants should be in a rear-facing child safety seat until they reach two years of age or the maximum limit of their seat. Children should

298

49 CFR 571.216 - Standard No. 216; Roof crush resistance; Applicable unless a vehicle is certified to § 571.216a.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...into the occupant compartment in rollover crashes. S3. Application. (a) This standard applies to passenger cars, and to multipurpose passenger vehicles...exceed 22,240 Newtons for passenger cars. Both the left and right front...

2012-10-01

299

49 CFR 571.216 - Standard No. 216; Roof crush resistance; Applicable unless a vehicle is certified to § 571.216a.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...into the occupant compartment in rollover crashes. S3. Application. (a) This standard applies to passenger cars, and to multipurpose passenger vehicles...exceed 22,240 Newtons for passenger cars. Both the left and right front...

2013-10-01

300

49 CFR 571.216 - Standard No. 216; Roof crush resistance; Applicable unless a vehicle is certified to § 571.216a.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...into the occupant compartment in rollover crashes. S3. Application. (a) This standard applies to passenger cars, and to multipurpose passenger vehicles...exceed 22,240 Newtons for passenger cars. Both the left and right front...

2014-10-01

301

48 CFR 1828.371 - Clauses for cross-waivers of liability for Space Shuttle services, Expendable Launch Vehicle (ELV...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Clauses for cross-waivers of liability for Space Shuttle services, Expendable Launch Vehicle (ELV) launches, and Space Station activities. 1828.371 Section...Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION GENERAL CONTRACTING...

2011-10-01

302

48 CFR 1828.371 - Clauses for cross-waivers of liability for Space Shuttle services, Expendable Launch Vehicle (ELV...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Clauses for cross-waivers of liability for Space Shuttle services, Expendable Launch Vehicle (ELV) launches, and Space Station activities. 1828.371 Section...Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION GENERAL CONTRACTING...

2010-10-01

303

In-depth survey report: evaluation of brake-drum-service controls at United States Postal Service, vehicle maintenance facility, Nashville, Tennessee  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effectiveness of a brake-washer assembly unit (Kleer-Flo Model LW-22 Rollabout) for limiting exposure to asbestos during the servicing of automotive brakes was evaluated as the U.S. Post Office Maintenance Garage in Nashville, TN. A fleet of 575 Jeep delivery vehicles are serviced at the facility. Most of the vehicles had 13- or 14-inch wheels and 10-inch long brake shoes.

F. W. Godbey; T. C. Cooper; J. W. Sheehy; D. M. OBrien; H. D. Van Wagenen

1987-01-01

304

Construction and verification of a model of passenger response to STOL aircraft characteristics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A technique for evaluating passenger acceptance of a transportation system's environment has been developed. This includes a model of passenger reaction to the vehicle, as well as the relative satisfaction compared to other system attributes. The technique is applied to two commercial airline operations - a U.S. commuter, and the Canadian Airtransit STOL system. It is demonstrated that system convenience and aircraft interior seating can play a large role in satisfying the passenger.

Jacobson, I. D.

1976-01-01

305

31 CFR 0.209 - Use of Government vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Government vehicles. Employees shall not use Government vehicles for unofficial purposes, including to transport unauthorized passengers. The use of Government vehicles for transporting employees between their domiciles and places of...

2012-07-01

306

31 CFR 0.209 - Use of Government vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Government vehicles. Employees shall not use Government vehicles for unofficial purposes, including to transport unauthorized passengers. The use of Government vehicles for transporting employees between their domiciles and places of...

2013-07-01

307

31 CFR 0.209 - Use of Government vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Government vehicles. Employees shall not use Government vehicles for unofficial purposes, including to transport unauthorized passengers. The use of Government vehicles for transporting employees between their domiciles and places of...

2014-07-01

308

31 CFR 0.209 - Use of Government vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Government vehicles. Employees shall not use Government vehicles for unofficial purposes, including to transport unauthorized passengers. The use of Government vehicles for transporting employees between their domiciles and places of...

2011-07-01

309

31 CFR 0.209 - Use of Government vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Government vehicles. Employees shall not use Government vehicles for unofficial purposes, including to transport unauthorized passengers. The use of Government vehicles for transporting employees between their domiciles and places of...

2010-07-01

310

Data Query at the AFDC: Using Oracle Data Query to Access Vehicle Demonstration Data at the Alternative Fuels Data Center  

SciTech Connect

Through funding by the Office of Alternative Fuels of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the Alternative Fuels Data Center (AFDC) at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) collects operating data from alternative-fueled vehicles. These vehicles include passenger sedans and light trucks (light-duty vehicles) operating within the federal fleet; heavy-duty trucks operating in private, city, or state fleets and co-funded by DOE; and municipal transit buses operating in revenue service around the country. This document gives examples of accessing the light-duty vehicle data.

Wooley, R. J.

1994-11-01

311

Appropriate analysis of CIREN data: using NASS-CDS to reduce bias in estimation of injury risk factors in passenger vehicle crashes.  

PubMed

The Crash Injury Research Engineering Network (CIREN) database contains detailed medical and crash information on a large number of severely injured occupants in motor vehicle crashes. CIREN's major limitation for stand-alone analyses to explore injury risk factors is that control subjects without a given injury type must have another severe injury to be included in the database. This leads to bias toward the null in the estimation of risk associations. One method to cope with this limitation is to obtain information about occupants without a given injury type from the National Automotive Sampling System's Crashworthiness Data System (NASS-CDS), which is a probability sample of towaway crashes, containing similar crash information, but less medical detail. Combining CIREN and NASS-CDS in this manner takes advantage of the increased sample size when outcomes are available in both datasets; otherwise NASS-CDS can serve as a sample of controls to be combined with CIREN cases, possibly under a sensitivity analysis that includes and excludes NASS-CDS subjects whose status as a control is uncertain. Because CIREN is not a probability sample of crashes that meet its inclusion criteria, we develop a method to estimate the probability of selection for the CIREN cases using data from NASS-CDS. These estimated probabilities are then used to compute "pseudo-weights" for the CIREN cases. These pseudo-weights not only allow for reduced bias in the estimation of risk associations, they allow direct prevalence estimates to be made using medical outcome data available only in CIREN. We illustrate the use of these methods with both simulation studies and application to estimation of prevalence and predictors of AIS 3+ injury risk to head, thorax, and lower extremity regions, as well as prevalence and predictors of acetabular pelvic fractures. Results of these analyses demonstrate combining NASS and CIREN data can yield improvements in mean square error and nominal confidence interval coverage over analyses that use either the NASS-CDS or the CIREN sample alone. PMID:20159077

Elliott, Michael R; Resler, Alexa; Flannagan, Carol A; Rupp, Jonathan D

2010-03-01

312

A visually guided AGV for use as passenger transport in urban areas  

Microsoft Academic Search

A small passenger carrying automated guided vehicle (AGV) is described which can guide itself along a visual track and detect obstacles in its path. AGV with this capability have been available for some time, but this AGV is very cheap and reliable. The proposed AGV is intended to provide passenger transport in urban areas, in the manner of a taxi.

Jack Cawkwell

2000-01-01

313

77 FR 38024 - Preliminary Theft Data; Motor Vehicle Theft Prevention Standard  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Of the three vehicle lines with a theft...multipurpose passenger vehicle lines, and none...rate reduction is a result of several factors, including vehicle parts marking; the...vehicle thefts. The preliminary MY 2010 theft...

2012-06-26

314

78 FR 41016 - Preliminary Theft Data; Motor Vehicle Theft Prevention Standard  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...1994). Of the four vehicle lines with a theft...multipurpose passenger vehicle lines, and none...rate reduction is a result of several factors, including vehicle parts marking; the...vehicle thefts. The preliminary MY 2011 theft...

2013-07-09

315

Ejection of a rear facing, golf cart passenger.  

PubMed

The following report details the findings of a series of experiments and simulations performed on a commercially available, shuttle style golf cart during several maneuvers involving rapid accelerations of the vehicle. It is determined that the current set of passive restraints on these types of golf carts are not adequate in preventing ejection of a rear facing passenger during rapid accelerations in the forward and lateral directions. Experimental data and simulations show that a hip restraint must be a minimum of 13 in. above the seat in order to secure a rear facing passenger during sharp turns, compared to the current restraint height of 5 in. Furthermore, it is determined that a restraint directly in front of the rear facing passenger is necessary to prevent ejection. In addressing these issues, golf cart manufacturers could greatly reduce the likelihood of injury due to ejection of a rear facing, golf cart passenger. PMID:23958856

Schau, Kyle; Masory, Oren

2013-10-01

316

Analysis of the CO 2 emissions and of the other characteristics of the European market of new passenger cars. 1. Analysis of general data and analysis per country  

Microsoft Academic Search

Exhaust CO2 emitted from passenger cars is one of the major greenhouse effect gases. Several parameters influence the exhaust CO2 emissions of each passenger car: its characteristics (fuel used, vehicle weight, …) and its use (annual mileage, driving conditions, …). CO2 emissions from passenger cars decrease during last years; however, this decrease seems to reach its limits. Several parameters of

Efthimios Zervas

2010-01-01

317

14 CFR 259.5 - Customer Service Plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...twenty-four hours, compensating passengers for reasonable expenses...flights, and reimbursing passengers for any fee charged to transport a bag if that bag is lost...refunding fees charged to a passenger for optional services...

2012-01-01

318

14 CFR 259.5 - Customer Service Plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...twenty-four hours, compensating passengers for reasonable expenses...flights, and reimbursing passengers for any fee charged to transport a bag if that bag is lost...refunding fees charged to a passenger for optional services...

2014-01-01

319

14 CFR 259.5 - Customer Service Plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...twenty-four hours, compensating passengers for reasonable expenses...flights, and reimbursing passengers for any fee charged to transport a bag if that bag is lost...refunding fees charged to a passenger for optional services...

2013-01-01

320

Vehicle Monitor System for Public Transport Management Based on Embedded Technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, a solution of monitor system of Public Transport operation vehicles is presented for realizing intelligent management of public transport. The system adopts ARM and embedded Linux operation system as the development platform, and integrates GPS (Global Position System) technology, GPRS (General Packet Radio Service) technology and embedded technology and so on. The paper mainly completed the design of hardware circuit and transplantation of embedded Linux operating system on S3C2410 chip. The system realized location tracking, communication scheduling, stops broadcasting, video monitoring, and intelligent passenger counting of public transport vehicles. The result of experiment showed that the system could improve the operation efficiency of public transport vehicles.

Li, Guilin; Zhang, Deying; Zeng, Jie; Chen, Shaohua

321

Energy Star Concepts for Highway Vehicles  

SciTech Connect

The authors of this report, under the sponsorship of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Weatherization and Intergovernmental Program, have investigated the possible application of Energy Star ratings to passenger cars and light trucks. This study establishes a framework for formulating and evaluating Energy Star rating methods that is comprised of energy- and environmental-based metrics, potential vehicle classification systems, vehicle technology factors, and vehicle selection criteria. The study tests several concepts and Energy Star rating methods using model-year 2000 vehicle data--a spreadsheet model has been developed to facilitate these analyses. This study tests two primary types of rating systems: (1) an outcome-based system that rates vehicles based on fuel economy, GHG emissions, and oil use and (2) a technology-based system that rates vehicles based on the energy-saving technologies they use. Rating methods were evaluated based on their ability to select vehicles with high fuel economy, low GHG emissions, and low oil use while preserving a full range of service (size and acceleration) and body style choice. This study concludes that an Energy Star rating for passenger cars and light trucks is feasible and that several methods could be used to achieve reasonable tradeoffs between low energy use and emissions and diversity in size, performance, and body type. It also shows that methods that consider only fuel economy, GHG emissions, or oil use will not select a diverse mix of vehicles. Finally, analyses suggest that methods that encourage the use of technology only, may result in increases in acceleration power and weight rather than reductions in oil use and GHG emissions and improvements in fuel economy.

Greene, D.L.

2003-06-24

322

Passenger Pigeons: Nomads Lost  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Science NetLinks lesson, developed by two scientists, is aimed at helping students understand the concept and implications of extinction using the example of the Passenger Pigeon, once an extremely abundant species that was completely eliminated by humans. Students will also discover that technologies that were seemingly unrelated to the loss of the bird were actually central to its extinction.

Science Netlinks

2003-07-11

323

Integral aircraft passenger seat  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Human-engineering approach was used to design integral seat which provides all the safety, comfort, and protective features that can possibly be afforded airline passengers. Results of dynamic impact testing indicated that seat can withstand and attenuate gravity loads of 21-g horizontal and 45-g vertical; by design, seat will withstand lateral g's as well.

Kubokawa, C. C.

1973-01-01

324

Hybrid electric sport utility vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drive-train hybridization improves the fuel economy and emissions of vehicles. This is the concept of hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). Application of this concept in sport utility vehicles (SUVs), which consume more fuel as compared to passenger cars, will positively have a great impact. However, dynamic performances such as acceleration and gradeability also are of great importance in SUVs. Therefore, the

Jason M. Tyrus; Ryan M. Long; Marina Kramskaya; Yuriy Fertman; Ali Emadi

2004-01-01

325

Who carries passengers in the back of pickup trucks?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was designed to compare pickup truck drivers who carried passengers in the back with those who did not, with respect to driving behaviors, sociodemographic features, and issues related to use of the pickup truck. A computerized assisted telephone survey was conducted in Riverside County, California. One thousand ten motor vehicle drivers were interviewed with respect to demographics, restraint

Phyllis F Agran; Diane G Winn; Craig L Anderson

1995-01-01

326

Simulating Passenger Transportation Scenarios through SIM-MADARP  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problem of demand-responsive passenger transportation is a subject covered from different perspectives (such as planning, user interfaces, optimization problem, etc). This work is focused on the simulation of events occurring in real time. That is, as requests are generated by vehicle users and the planning moves forward in time events may occur that affect them so that there should

Macarena Donoso; Daniel Sandoval; Claudio Cubillos; Daniel Cabrera-Paniagua

2010-01-01

327

RAIL PASSENGER EQUIPMENT CRASHWORTHINESS TESTING REQUIREMENTS AND IMPLEMENTATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the requirements and the implementation of a series of impact tests of rail passenger equipment. The test requirements - the desired measurements - are dictated by the characteristics of the vehicle, as well as uncertainties in the analysis techniques used to evaluate the collision behavior of the equipment. The required measurements are implemented with available measurement transducers,

David Tyrell; Kristine Severson; A. Benjamin Perlman

2000-01-01

328

Supervising passenger land-transport systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we propose a supervisory control approach, based on controlled automata concepts, for the planning for online service-operations control of a new class of passenger land-transport systems ( PLanTSs). A PLanTS belongs to a class of dynamic demand-responsive transportation systems. Rapid advances in information and communication technologies are providing a new infrastructural and communications basis upon which higher

Kiam Tian Seow; Michel Pasquier

2004-01-01

329

Ultrafine Particles Deposition Inside Passenger Vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although commuting time typically accounts for only 6% of the day for Americans, it has become a significant source of exposure to ultrafine particles (dp < 0.1 ?m) from vehicular emissions. Particle deposition onto surfaces, as an important particle loss mechanism, has been studied extensively in the indoor environments. However since air velocities, surface area to volume ratios and other

Longwen Gong; Bin Xu; Yifang Zhu

2009-01-01

330

Project Information Form Project Title White Paper on Strategies for Transitioning to Zero-Emission Vehicles--  

E-print Network

(ZEVs) include battery-electric vehicles (BEVs), plug-in hybrid-electric vehicles (PHEVs), and hydrogen fuel-cell-electric vehicles (HFCVs). These technologies can be used in passenger cars, trucks-Emission Vehicles-- Passenger University UC Davis Principal Investigator Tom Turrentine PI Contact Information Ph

California at Davis, University of

331

Methods for analysis of passenger trip performance in a complex networked transportation system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of the Air Transportation System (ATS) is to provide safe and efficient transportation service of passengers and cargo. The on-time performance of a passenger's trip is a critical performance measurement of the Quality of Service (QOS) provided by any Air Transportation System. QOS has been correlated with airline profitability, productivity, customer loyalty and customer satisfaction (Heskett et al. 1994). Btatu and Barnhart have shown that official government and airline on-time performance metrics (i.e. flight-centric measures of air transportation) fail to accurately reflect the passenger experience (Btatu and Barnhart, 2005). Flight-based metrics do not include the trip delays accrued by passengers who were re-booked due to cancelled flights or missed connections. Also, flight-based metrics do not quantify the magnitude of the delay (only the likelihood) and thus fails to provide the consumer with a useful assessment of the impact of a delay. Passenger-centric metrics have not been developed because of the unavailability of airline proprietary data, which is also protected by anti-trust collusion concerns and civil liberty privacy restrictions. Moveover, the growth of the ATS is trending out of the historical range. The objectives of this research were to (1) estimate ATS-wide passenger trip delay using publicly accessible flight data, and (2) investigate passenger trip dynamics out of the range of historical data by building a passenger flow simulation model to predict impact on passenger trip time given anticipated changes in the future. The first objective enables researchers to conduct historical analysis on passenger on-time performance without proprietary itinerary data, and the second objective enables researchers to conduct experiments outside the range of historic data. The estimated passenger trip delay was for 1,030 routes between the 35 busiest airports in the United States in 2006. The major findings of this research are listed as follows: 1. High passenger trip delays are disproportionately generated by cancelled flights and missed connections. Passengers scheduled on cancelled flights or missed connections represent 3 percent of total enplanements, but generated 45 percent of total passenger trip delay. On average, passengers scheduled on cancelled flights experienced 607 minutes delay, and passengers who missed the connections experienced 341 minutes delay in 2006. The heavily skewed distribution of passenger trip delay reveals the fact that a small proportion of passengers experience heavy delays, which can not be reflected by flight-based performance metrics. 2. Trend analysis for passenger trip delays from 2000 to 2006 shows the increase in flight operations slowed down and leveled off in 2006, while enplanements kept increasing. This is due to the continuous increase in load factor. Load factor has increased from 69% in 2003 to 80% in 2006. Passenger performance is very sensitive to changes in flight operations: annual total passenger trip delay was increased by 17% and 7% from 2004 to 2005, and from 2005 to 2006, while flight operations barely increased (0.5% from 2004 to 2005, and no increase from 2005 to 2006) during the same time period. 3. Passenger trip delay is shown to have an asymmetric performance of passenger trip delay in terms of routes. Seventeen percent of the 1030 routes generated 50 percent of total passenger trip delays. An interesting observation is that routes between the New York metropolitan area and the Washington D.C. metropolitan area have the highest average passenger trip delays in the system. 4. In terms of airports, there is also an asymmetric performance of passenger trip delay. Nine of the 35 busiest airports generated 50 percent of total passenger trip delays. Some airports, especially major hubs, impact the passenger trip delays significantly more than others. Recognition of this asymmetric performance can help reduce the total passenger trip delay propagation in the air transportation network by making changes primarily in major airports, such as Atla

Wang, Danyi

2007-12-01

332

Convenient Airports: Point of View of the Passengers  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The competition among airlines or among airports aiming at to increase the demand for its services has been more and more incited. Knowledge the perception of the users for the offered services means to meet the customer's needs and expectations in order either to keep the customer, and therefore keep a significant advantage over competitors. The passenger of the air transportation wants rapidity, security and convenience. Convenience can be translated by comfort that the passenger wants for the price that he can pay. In this paper had been identified. as a result of a survey achieved in six Brazilian airports during 2002, the best indicators in the passenger's perception. These indicators among any others were listed m the handbook of Airports Council International (ACI). Distinctive perceptions were observed among passengers with different travel motivations. This survey had been carried through in the airports of Brasilia, Porto Alegre, Salvador. Fortaleza, Curitiba and Bel6m. Considering this survey we can identified the most attractive airport among them. This work is a way to help improve quality of service, in particular, m these six airports of the Brazilian network. The results should be published and made available to all the parties concerned (airport authority, airlines and service providers) and should lead to corrective action when the passenger is not satisfied with the service.

Magri, Adival Aparecido, Jr.; Alves, Claudio Jorge Pinto

2003-01-01

333

Preliminary survey report: evaluation of brake-drum service controls at Pennsylvania Bureau of Vehicle Management, Vehicle Maintenance Division, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania  

SciTech Connect

Exposure to asbestos during the servicing of brakes on state-owned vehicles at the Bureau of Vehicle Management Maintenance Division, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, was investigated as part of a study of control technologies. Brakes had been serviced at this garage facility for the previous year using a BCE-1000 Clayton brake-cleaning unit, sized for cars, vans, and pickups. The brake-cleaning unit consisted of a transparent enclosure hood and a HEPA vacuum filter dust collector, designed to contain and collect all brake-lining dust during vehicular brake maintenance and replacement. The authors conclude that the Clayton BCE-1000 dust-control unit appeared to be effective in containing and collecting brake dust during all vehicular brake maintenance and replacement jobs in this situation.

Van Wagenen, H.D.

1987-03-01

334

76 FR 28998 - Implementation of Revised Passenger Weight Standards for Existing Passenger Vessels  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Implementation of Revised Passenger Weight Standards for Existing Passenger Vessels...Implementation of Revised Passenger Weight Standards for Existing Passenger Vessels...prior to a change in the assumed average weight per person standard that will become...

2011-05-19

335

A Vehicular Ultra-Wideband Channel Model for Future Wireless IntraVehicle Communications (IVC) Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Future wireless intra-vehicle communications (IVC) systems adopting ultra-wideband (UWB) radio are proposed in this paper, which provide onboard passengers with high-speed duplex data exchange services. In this paper, a vehicular UWB channel model is first developed by modifying the IEEE 802.15.3a indoor model to fit into the vehicular environments with dense and concentrated clusters and rays. The main channel statistical

Weidong Xiang

2007-01-01

336

Mitigation potential of greenhouse gas emission and implications on fuel consumption due to clean energy vehicles as public passenger transport in Kathmandu Valley of Nepal: A case study of trolley buses in Ring Road  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper estimates the consequences in fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emission due to the possible intervention of the electric run trolley buses in the existing public transport system in a particular road up to the year 2025 in Kathmandu Valley. It projects the scenarios on the basis that the passenger travel demand is the function of population and income.

Shreekar Pradhan; Bhakta Bahadur Ale; Vishwa Bhusan Amatya

2006-01-01

337

Comparison of life-cycle energy and emissions footprints of passenger transportation in metropolitan regions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A comparative life-cycle energy and emissions (greenhouse gas, CO, NO X, SO 2, PM 10, and VOCs) inventory is created for three U.S. metropolitan regions (San Francisco, Chicago, and New York City). The inventory captures both vehicle operation (direct fuel or electricity consumption) and non-operation components (e.g., vehicle manufacturing, roadway maintenance, infrastructure operation, and material production among others). While urban transportation inventories have been continually improved, little information exists identifying the particular characteristics of metropolitan passenger transportation and why one region may differ from the next. Using travel surveys and recently developed transportation life-cycle inventories, metropolitan inventories are constructed and compared. Automobiles dominate total regional performance accounting for 86-96% of energy consumption and emissions. Comparing system-wide averages, New York City shows the lowest end-use energy and greenhouse gas footprint compared to San Francisco and Chicago and is influenced by the larger share of transit ridership. While automobile fuel combustion is a large component of emissions, diesel rail, electric rail, and ferry service can also have strong contributions. Additionally, the inclusion of life-cycle processes necessary for any transportation mode results in significant increases (as large as 20 times that of vehicle operation) for the region. In particular, emissions of CO 2 from cement production used in concrete throughout infrastructure, SO 2 from electricity generation in non-operational components (vehicle manufacturing, electricity for infrastructure materials, and fuel refining), PM 10 in fugitive dust releases in roadway construction, and VOCs from asphalt result in significant additional inventory. Private and public transportation are disaggregated as well as off-peak and peak travel times. Furthermore, emissions are joined with healthcare and greenhouse gas monetized externalities to evaluate the societal costs of passenger transportation in each region. Results are validated against existing studies. The dominating contribution of automobile end-use energy consumption and emissions is discussed and strategies for improving regional performance given private travel's disproportionate share are identified.

Chester, Mikhail V.; Horvath, Arpad; Madanat, Samer

2010-03-01

338

Exhaust emissions from two intercity passenger locomotives  

SciTech Connect

To enhance the effectiveness of intercity passenger rail service in mitigating exhaust emissions in California, the California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) included limits on exhaust emissions in its intercity locomotive procurement specifications. Because there were no available exhaust emission test data on which emission reduction goals could be based, Caltrans funded a test program to acquire gaseous and particulate exhaust emissions data, along with smoke opacity data, from two state-of-the-art intercity passenger locomotives. The two passenger locomotives (an EMD F59PH and a GE DASH8-32BWH) were tested at the Association of American Railroads Chicago Technical Center. The EMD locomotive was equipped with a separate Detroit Diesel Corporation (DDC) 8V-149 diesel engine used to provide 480 V AC power for the trailing passenger cars. This DDC engine was also emission tested. These data were used to quantify baseline exhaust emission levels as a challenge to locomotive manufacturers to offer new locomotives with reduced emissions. Data from the two locomotive engines were recorded at standard fuel injection timing and with the fuel injection timing retarded 4 deg in an effort to reduce NO[sub x] emissions. Results of this emissions testing were incorporated into the Caltrans locomotive procurement process by including emission performance requirements in the Caltrans intercity passenger locomotive specification, and therefore in the procurement decision. This paper contains steady-state exhaust emission test results for hydrocarbons (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), oxides of nitrogen (NO[sub x]), and particulate matter (PM) from the two locomotives. Computed sulfur dioxide (SO[sub 2]) emissions are also given, and are based on diesel fuel consumption and sulfur content. Exhaust smoke opacity is also reported.

Fritz, S.G. (Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States). Dept. of Emissions Research)

1994-10-01

339

40 CFR 51.120 - Requirements for State Implementation Plan revisions relating to new motor vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...1999 and later model year passenger cars and light-duty trucks (0-5750...delivery for sale of their passenger cars, light-duty trucks 0-3750...program. (vii) The provisions for hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), as defined...

2014-07-01

340

40 CFR 51.120 - Requirements for State Implementation Plan revisions relating to new motor vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...1999 and later model year passenger cars and light-duty trucks (0-5750...delivery for sale of their passenger cars, light-duty trucks 0-3750...program. (vii) The provisions for hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), as defined...

2012-07-01

341

40 CFR 51.120 - Requirements for State Implementation Plan revisions relating to new motor vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...1999 and later model year passenger cars and light-duty trucks (0-5750...delivery for sale of their passenger cars, light-duty trucks 0-3750...program. (vii) The provisions for hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), as defined...

2011-07-01

342

40 CFR 51.120 - Requirements for State Implementation Plan revisions relating to new motor vehicles.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...1999 and later model year passenger cars and light-duty trucks (0-5750...delivery for sale of their passenger cars, light-duty trucks 0-3750...program. (vii) The provisions for hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), as defined...

2013-07-01

343

Hybrid electric vehicles in Europe and Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Beginning in 1990, the major automotive passenger vehicle manufacturers once again reexamined the battery-powered electric vehicle (EV). This intensive effort to reduce the battery EV to commercial practice focused attention on the key issue of limited vehicle range, resulting from the low energy density and high mass characteristics of batteries, in comparison to liquid hydrocarbon fuels. Consequently, by 1995, vehicle

Floyd A. Wyczalek

1996-01-01

344

75 FR 27934 - Qualified Nonpersonal Use Vehicles  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...that, in the case of a vehicle described in Sec. 1...8), the use of the vehicle conforms to the requirements...qualified nonpersonal use vehicles. In general, a working...is available to the driver and all passengers of a qualified nonpersonal use vehicle. However, a...

2010-05-19

345

Using Bluetooth to capture passenger trips on public transport buses  

E-print Network

An important problem in creating efficient public transport is obtaining data about the set of trips that passengers make, usually referred to as an Origin/Destination (OD) matrix. Obtaining this data is problematic and expensive in general, especially in the case of buses because on-board ticketing systems do not record where and when passengers get off a bus. In this paper we describe a novel and inexpensive system that uses off-the-shelf Bluetooth hardware to accurately record passenger journeys. Here we show how our system can be used to derive passenger OD matrices, and additionally we show how our data can be used to further improve public transport services.

Kostakos, Vassilis

2008-01-01

346

Thermal Analysis on Plume Heating of the Main Engine on the Crew Exploration Vehicle Service Module  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The crew exploration vehicle (CEV) service module (SM) main engine plume heating is analyzed using multiple numerical tools. The chemical equilibrium compositions and applications (CEA) code is used to compute the flow field inside the engine nozzle. The plume expansion into ambient atmosphere is simulated using an axisymmetric space-time conservation element and solution element (CE/SE) Euler code, a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software. The thermal analysis including both convection and radiation heat transfers from the hot gas inside the engine nozzle and gas radiation from the plume is performed using Thermal Desktop. Three SM configurations, Lockheed Martin (LM) designed 604, 605, and 606 configurations, are considered. Design of multilayer insulation (MLI) for the stowed solar arrays, which is subject to plume heating from the main engine, among the passive thermal control system (PTCS), are proposed and validated.

Wang, Xiao-Yen J.; Yuko, James R.

2007-01-01

347

Definition of technology development missions for early space stations orbit transfer vehicle serving. Phase 2, task 1: Space station support of operational OTV servicing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Representative space based orbital transfer vehicles (OTV), ground based vehicle turnaround assessment, functional operational requirements and facilities, mission turnaround operations, a comparison of ground based versus space based tasks, activation of servicing facilities prior to IOC, fleet operations requirements, maintenance facilities, OTV servicing facilities, space station support requirements, and packaging for delivery are discussed.

1983-01-01

348

Small passenger car transmission test: Mercury Lynx ATX transmission  

SciTech Connect

The small passenger car transmission test was initiated to supply electric vehicle manufacturers with technical information regarding the performance of commercially available transmissions. This information would enable EV manufacturers to design a more energy efficient vehicle. With this information the manufacturers would be able to estimate vehicle driving range as well as speed and torque requirements for specific road load performance characteristics. This report covers the 1981 Mercury Lynx ATX transaxle. This transmission was tested per a passenger car automatic transmission test code (SAE J65lb) which required drive performance, coast performance, and no load test conditions. Under these test conditions the transmission attained maximum efficiencies in the 93% range for drive performance tests. The major results of this test are the torque, speed and efficiency curves which are located in the data section of this report. These graphs map performance characteristics for the Mercury Lynx ATX transmission.

Bujold, M P

1981-09-01

349

Small passenger car transmission test-Chevrolet 200 transmission  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The small passenger car transmission was tested to supply electric vehicle manufacturers with technical information regarding the performance of commerically available transmissions which would enable them to design a more energy efficient vehicle. With this information the manufacturers could estimate vehicle driving range as well as speed and torque requirements for specific road load performance characteristics. A 1979 Chevrolet Model 200 automatic transmission was tested per a passenger car automatic transmission test code (SAE J651b) which required drive performance, coast performance, and no load test conditions. The transmission attained maximum efficiencies in the mid-eighty percent range for both drive performance tests and coast performance tests. Torque, speed and efficiency curves map the complete performance characteristics for Chevrolet Model 200 transmission.

Bujold, M. P.

1980-01-01

350

Definition of technology development missions for early space station, orbit transfer vehicle servicing. Volume 1: Executive summary  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Orbital Transfer Vehicle (OTV) servicing study scope, propellant transfer, storage and reliquefaction technology development missions (TDM), docking and berthing TDM, maintenance TDM, OTV/payload integration TDM, combined TDMS design, summary space station accomodations, programmatic analysis, and TDM equipment operational usage are discussed.

1983-01-01

351

Classification of service for entertainment applications in vehicles Jean-Philippe Georges, Eric Rondeau, Thierry Divoux  

E-print Network

is to propose to the passenger internet connections, video on demand, etc. The objective of this paper. The objec- tive of this paper is to study Ethernet network architectures which transport all kinds are to implement only one network to transport all kinds of information. For example, Renault Company has

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

352

Optimal contracts for providing load-side frequency regulation service using fleets of electric vehicles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We focus on the charging process of a fleet of electric vehicles overnight for providing load-side regulation service. At the heart of this complex problem, the goal is to transfer a certain amount of energy to the fleet by a given deadline; however, when and how fast the energy is sent is flexible. We examine a unidirectional setting in the cases where regulation signals are deterministic (worst case) and stochastic. We study both a single-shot optimization scenario carried at the start of the charging period, and a dynamic optimization scenario, where the optimal control strategy is re-evaluated several times over the duration of the charging interval. We show that most of the gains from dynamic optimization can be obtained by re-evaluating the optimization problem at the midpoint of the charging interval. Moreover, the optimal value of the regulation service in the worst-case deterministic setting nearly matches the stochastic setting with dynamic optimization. We validate our results using both simulation and real-world data.

Zarkoob, Hadi; Keshav, Srinivasan; Rosenberg, Catherine

2013-11-01

353

The observed effects of teenage passengers on the risky driving behavior of teenage drivers.  

PubMed

The association between teenage passengers and crash risks among young drivers may be due to risky driving behavior. We investigated the effect on two measures of risky driving in the presence of young male and female passengers. Vehicles exiting from parking lots at 10 high schools were observed and the occupants were identified by gender and age (teen or adult). At a nearby site, the speed and headway of passing traffic were recorded using video and LIDAR technology. Teenage drivers drove faster than the general traffic and allowed shorter headways, particularly in the presence of a male teenage passenger. Both male and female teenage drivers allowed shorter headways (relative to no passenger or a female passenger) in the presence of a male teenage passenger, while the presence of a female teenage passenger resulted in longer headways for male teenage drivers. Overall, the observed rate of high risk driving (defined as speed > or =15 mph or more above the posted speed limit and/or headway of < or =1.0 s) for the teen male driver/male passenger condition was about double that of general traffic. In conclusion, the presence of male teenage passengers was associated with risky driving behavior among teenage drivers. PMID:15921652

Simons-Morton, Bruce; Lerner, Neil; Singer, Jeremiah

2005-11-01

354

49 CFR 176.93 - Vehicles having refrigerating or heating equipment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...transport vehicles having refrigerating or heating equipment operated by internal combustion engines which will permit ready diffusion of exhaust gases to the open air. Passenger vehicles may not be stowed in a position adjacent to vehicles operating...

2012-10-01

355

The Impact of Ground Delay Program (GDP) Rationing Rules on Passenger and Airline Equity  

E-print Network

of the air transportation system is the cost- effective, rapid, safe transportation of passengers and cargo a service that cannot be achieved by other modes of transportation (Duke and Torres, 2005). Passenger and cargo demand for air transportation has been growing steadily over the years and is forecast to grow

356

Danyi Wang and Dr. Lance Sherry 1 Trend Analysis of Airline Passenger Trip Delays  

E-print Network

Danyi Wang and Dr. Lance Sherry 1 Trend Analysis of Airline Passenger Trip Delays Danyi Wang (Ph. This paper describes an analysis of the trends in passenger trip time for 2004 and 2005. The analysis proven to be a significant factor in the service-profit chain that drives airline profitability

357

Ventilation control for improved cabin air quality and vehicle safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Motor vehicles are a prime pollution source. In certain circumstances, the vehicle's exhaust may enter the vehicle cabin causing driver discomfort and adverse health effects. As a result, driver reflexes decrease and fatigue may be exhibited. Oxygen depletion due to vehicle occupant breathing can also threaten vehicle safety. Cabin air filters and ventilation control are capable of improving passenger comfort,

Kosmas Galatsis; W. Wlodarski; Yongxiang Li; K. Kalantar-zadeh

2001-01-01

358

76 FR 76481 - Denial of Motor Vehicle Defect Petition  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Vehicle 1 overturned and Vehicle 2 was struck from behind by Vehicle 3. The accident occurred...There were no other vehicles traveling in the area of Vehicle 1 when it left the...accident scene. The driver and passenger in...

2011-12-07

359

Costs and Emissions Associated with Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Charging in the Xcel Energy Colorado Service Territory  

SciTech Connect

The combination of high oil costs, concerns about oil security and availability, and air quality issues related to vehicle emissions are driving interest in plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). PHEVs are similar to conventional hybrid electric vehicles, but feature a larger battery and plug-in charger that allows electricity from the grid to replace a portion of the petroleum-fueled drive energy. PHEVs may derive a substantial fraction of their miles from grid-derived electricity, but without the range restrictions of pure battery electric vehicles. As of early 2007, production of PHEVs is essentially limited to demonstration vehicles and prototypes. However, the technology has received considerable attention from the media, national security interests, environmental organizations, and the electric power industry. The use of PHEVs would represent a significant potential shift in the use of electricity and the operation of electric power systems. Electrification of the transportation sector could increase generation capacity and transmission and distribution (T&D) requirements, especially if vehicles are charged during periods of high demand. This study is designed to evaluate several of these PHEV-charging impacts on utility system operations within the Xcel Energy Colorado service territory.

Parks, K.; Denholm, P.; Markel, T.

2007-05-01

360

[Health surveillance and people-suitability to passenger and good haulage].  

PubMed

In Italy the transport of goods is done mainly by road and is complicated matter. Companies engaged in the passenger transport are state-controlled companies and little companies of taxi service. The work of the driver in public or private companies carrying people or goods shows a lot of similarities and remains one of the most difficult job. The analyzed job-risks are: vibration, noise, manual handling of loads by workers involved in loading /unloading the vehicle, exposure to chemical pollutants and the indoor environment of the cabin stress. The protocol for health surveillance should therefore be drawn up taking into account: current legislation, risk factors, most frequently occurring diseases and/or disease that may affect job that may affect job performance. PMID:23405651

Cosentino, F

2012-01-01

361

Performance development target setting of passenger car diesel engine  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Setting engine emission targets to meet diesel car requirements is particularly important in engine performance development phase. Many researches are focused on associating vehicle performance with engine targets, but most work is done by testing, which is time and cost consuming, furthermore, the relationship of vehicle and engine will change when either engine or vehicle changes. A GT-Drive model to simulate New European Driving Cycle (NEDC) for passenger car is developed and calibrated by testing data, model precision is controlled within 5%. Time distribution of engine operating conditions when car running NEDC cycle has been analyzed, 10 critical major engine operating points are summarized according to running time proportion. Emission of NO x and smoke control regions containing these 10 points for target engine are set. Vehicle emissions are simulated and evaluated during engine development after engine performance test data are got, and engine combustion system layout and calibration are adjusted until vehicle targets are met. Vehicle is tested in chassis dynamometer finally, the testing results show a good agreement with the simulated results with an error of less than 5%, which proves that the emission value exchange of vehicle and engine is reliable. Performance target decomposition method for passenger car diesel presented can greatly shorten the development cycle and save costs.

Zheng, Guangyong; Yu, Xiumin; Liu, Jiangwei; Song, Tao; Li, Wenxiang

2013-05-01

362

Severe upper limb injuries in four passengers of a ‘People Carrier’; the contribution of design faults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four passengers of a ‘People Carrier’ in a single vehicle motor accident sustained severe left upper limb trauma, when the vehicle rolled onto the near side. These injuries were directly attributable to the large glass interface between patient and road. The glass windows shattered on contact, providing no protection and in effect created a secondary injury mechanism. We advocate both

D. N. Teanby; A. G. B. Perks; S. B. Watson; A. Thorlby

1995-01-01

363

Are We Reaching Peak Travel? Trends in Passenger Transport in Eight Industrialized Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Projections of energy use and greenhouse gas emissions for industrialized countries typically show continued growth in vehicle ownership, vehicle use and overall travel demand. This growth represents a continuation of trends from the 1970s through the early 2000s. This paper presents a descriptive analysis of cross?national passenger transport trends in eight industrialized countries, providing evidence to suggest that these trends

Lee Schipper

2011-01-01

364

Passenger and cell phone conversations in simulated driving.  

PubMed

This study examines how conversing with passengers in a vehicle differs from conversing on a cell phone while driving. We compared how well drivers were able to deal with the demands of driving when conversing on a cell phone, conversing with a passenger, and when driving without any distraction. In the conversation conditions, participants were instructed to converse with a friend about past experiences in which their life was threatened. The results show that the number of driving errors was highest in the cell phone condition; in passenger conversations more references were made to traffic, and the production rate of the driver and the complexity of speech of both interlocutors dropped in response to an increase in the demand of the traffic. The results indicate that passenger conversations differ from cell phone conversations because the surrounding traffic not only becomes a topic of the conversation, helping driver and passenger to share situation awareness, but the driving condition also has a direct influence on the complexity of the conversation, thereby mitigating the potential negative effects of a conversation on driving. PMID:19102621

Drews, Frank A; Pasupathi, Monisha; Strayer, David L

2008-12-01

365

Hybrid vehicle potential assessment. Volume 7: Hybrid vehicle review  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Review of hybrid vehicles built during the past ten years or planned to be built in the near future is presented. An attempt is made to classify and analyze these vehicles to get an overall picture of their key characteristics. The review includes onroad hybrid passenger cars, trucks, vans, and buses.

Leschly, K. O.

1979-01-01

366

Natural environmental service support to NASA vehicle, technology, and sensor development programs  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The research performed under this contract involved definition of the natural environmental parameters affecting the design, development, and operation of space and launch vehicles. The Universities Space Research Association (USRA) provided the manpower and resources to accomplish the following tasks: defining environmental parameters critical for design, development, and operation of launch vehicles; defining environmental forecasts required to assure optimal utilization of launch vehicles; and defining orbital environments of operation and developing models on environmental parameters affecting launch vehicle operations.

1993-01-01

367

14 CFR 382.113 - What services are carriers not required to provide to passengers with a disability on board the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01... Section 382.113 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT...NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY IN AIR TRAVEL Services on Aircraft §...

2012-01-01

368

14 CFR 382.113 - What services are carriers not required to provide to passengers with a disability on board the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01... Section 382.113 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT...NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY IN AIR TRAVEL Services on Aircraft §...

2011-01-01

369

14 CFR 382.113 - What services are carriers not required to provide to passengers with a disability on board the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01... Section 382.113 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT...NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY IN AIR TRAVEL Services on Aircraft §...

2010-01-01

370

14 CFR 382.113 - What services are carriers not required to provide to passengers with a disability on board the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01... Section 382.113 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT...NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY IN AIR TRAVEL Services on Aircraft §...

2013-01-01

371

14 CFR 382.113 - What services are carriers not required to provide to passengers with a disability on board the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01... Section 382.113 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT...NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF DISABILITY IN AIR TRAVEL Services on Aircraft §...

2014-01-01

372

UT College of Natural Sciences Mandatory Safety Belt Usage in College Vehicles  

E-print Network

belts. This includes pick-up truck beds, cargo areas, and the outside of vehicles. Note: This rule) The driver of the vehicle shall ensure that passengers are in compliance with the above rules before operating the vehicle. Note: We recognize a driver may be unaware if a passenger unfastens a seat belt

Jefferys, William

373

On the way to 130 g CO2\\/km--Estimating the future characteristics of the average European passenger car  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new average CO2 emissions limit for passenger cars was introduced in EU in 2009 imposing gradual average CO2 emissions reduction to 130 g\\/km until 2015. This paper attempts to study possible changes in vehicle characteristics for meeting this limit taking into account the average European passenger car of 2007-2008. For this purpose first the most important factors affecting vehicle

Georgios Fontaras; Zissis Samaras

2010-01-01

374

On the way to 130 g CO 2\\/km—Estimating the future characteristics of the average European passenger car  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new average CO2 emissions limit for passenger cars was introduced in EU in 2009 imposing gradual average CO2 emissions reduction to 130g\\/km until 2015. This paper attempts to study possible changes in vehicle characteristics for meeting this limit taking into account the average European passenger car of 2007–2008. For this purpose first the most important factors affecting vehicle fuel

Georgios Fontaras; Zissis Samaras

2010-01-01

375

Intercity Passenger Rail Federal Funding presented by  

E-print Network

Intercity Passenger Rail ­ Federal Funding Process presented by: Minnesota Department of Transportation Passenger Rail Office #12;Passenger Rail Investment and Improvement (PRIIA) ·! Enacted October 2008 ·! Reauthorized Amtrak ·! Focused on current intercity passenger rail ­! Long distance routes

Minnesota, University of

376

3-D numerical and experimental analysis for airflow within a passenger compartment  

Microsoft Academic Search

People use cars so frequently that they always consider the air-conditioning, and thermal comfort of the driver and passenger\\u000a when buying a new car. Therefore accurate simulation of the thermal performance of automobile air conditioners to improve\\u000a human comfort has become increasingly important. In order to improve the thermal comfort of passengers, 3-D flow motion and\\u000a thermal behavior within vehicles

C.-H. Chien; J.-Y. Jang; Y.-H. Chen; S.-C. Wu

2008-01-01

377

Carbon monoxide levels in popular passenger commuting modes traversing major commuting routes in Hong Kong  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vehicle exhaust is a major source of air pollution in metropolitan cities. Commuters are exposed to high traffic-related pollutant concentrations. Public transportation is the most popular commuting mode in Hong Kong and there are about 10.8 million passenger trips every day. Two-thirds of them are road commuters. An extensive survey was conducted to measure carbon monoxide in three popular passenger

L. Y. Chan; Y. M. Liu

2001-01-01

378

Design of an Agent-Based System for Passenger Transportation Using PASSI  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work presents the experience on designing a multiagent system devoted to the transportation of passengers using the PASSI\\u000a methodology. The agent system is in charge of the planning and scheduling of passenger trips using the contract-net protocol\\u000a as base coordination mechanism. It also allows the events’ processing caused by changes to the original plan due to vehicle\\u000a failures or

Claudio Cubillos; Sandra Gaete; Broderick Crawford

2007-01-01

379

Energy study of rail passenger transportation. Volume 1. Executive summary  

Microsoft Academic Search

The results and conclusions of the study by SRI treats the following topics: physical assets and services of rail passenger systems; energy demands and intensities; roles of local institutions; the industry future; and the role of the Federal government. Data reported were collected in 1976 and 1977, and in most cases, cover calendar year 1975.

1979-01-01

380

Life cycle assessment of a catalytic converter for passenger cars  

Microsoft Academic Search

A life cycle assessment of a typical ceramic three-way catalytic converter manufactured for a Swedish passenger car is performed. The environmental impacts occurring in the life cycle of a catalytic converter, encompassing the extraction of raw materials, production of a catalytic converter, use phase, etc. are assessed. They are compared with the environmental benefits assessed throughout an average service lifetime

Wathanyu Amatayakul; Olle Ramnäs

2001-01-01

381

Hybrid electric vehicles (EVS-13 Osaka)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Beginning in 1990, the major automotive passenger vehicle manufacturers once again reexamined the battery powered electric vehicle (EV). This intensive effort to reduce the battery EV to commercial practice focused attention on the key issue of limited vehicle range, resulting from the low energy density and high mass characteristics of batteries, in comparison to liquid hydrocarbon fuels. Consequently, by 1995,

Floyd A. Wyczalek

1996-01-01

382

Market mature 1998 hybrid electric vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Beginning in 1990, the major automotive passenger vehicle manufacturers once again re-evaluated the potential of the battery powered electric vehicle (EV). This intensive effort to reduce the battery EV to commercial practice focused attention on the key issue of limited vehicle range, resulting from the low energy density and high mass characteristics of batteries, in comparison to the high energy

F. A. Wyczalek

1999-01-01

383

The seeing passenger car 'VaMoRs-P'  

Microsoft Academic Search

A passenger car Mercedes 500 SEL has been equipped with vision in the framework of the EUREKA-project 'Pometheus III'. Road and object recognition is performed both in a look-ahead and in a look-back region; this allows an internal servo-maintained representation of the entire situation around the vehicle using the 4D approach to dynamic machine vision. Obstacles are detected and tracked

E. D. Dickmanns; R. Behringer; D. Dickmanns; T. Hildebrandt; M. Maurer; F. Thomanek; J. Schiehlen

1994-01-01

384

41 CFR 102-34.320 - What Government-issued charge cards may I use to purchase fuel and motor vehicle related services?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false What Government-issued charge cards may I use to purchase fuel and motor vehicle...320 What Government-issued charge cards may I use to purchase fuel and motor vehicle...services? (a) You may use a fleet charge card specifically issued for this...

2010-07-01

385

41 CFR 102-34.320 - What Government-issued charge cards may I use to purchase fuel and motor vehicle related services?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false What Government-issued charge cards may I use to purchase fuel and motor vehicle...320 What Government-issued charge cards may I use to purchase fuel and motor vehicle...services? (a) You may use a fleet charge card specifically issued for this...

2012-01-01

386

41 CFR 102-34.320 - What Government-issued charge cards may I use to purchase fuel and motor vehicle related services?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false What Government-issued charge cards may I use to purchase fuel and motor vehicle...320 What Government-issued charge cards may I use to purchase fuel and motor vehicle...services? (a) You may use a fleet charge card specifically issued for this...

2014-01-01

387

41 CFR 102-34.320 - What Government-issued charge cards may I use to purchase fuel and motor vehicle related services?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false What Government-issued charge cards may I use to purchase fuel and motor vehicle...320 What Government-issued charge cards may I use to purchase fuel and motor vehicle...services? (a) You may use a fleet charge card specifically issued for this...

2013-07-01

388

77 FR 71163 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Windshield Zone Intrusion  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...pedestrians struck by vehicles. As a result, the agency believes that vehicle designs with regard...multipurpose passenger vehicles, trucks, and buses with a gross vehicle weight rating of...at establishing vehicle design criteria that will result in vehicles with hoods and...

2012-11-29

389

75 FR 22532 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Cargo Carrying Capacity  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...000 pounds and a vehicle capacity weight...modifications, these vehicles are unlikely to...likely that the vehicle's load-carrying...needs of handicapped drivers or passengers usually...to the unloaded vehicle weight of the vehicle...applies to used vehicles as well as new...

2010-04-29

390

77 FR 22637 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Accelerator Control Systems  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...passenger vehicles, trucks...have a gross vehicle weight rating...acceleration that a driver did not purposely...in heavy vehicles. If a vehicle is equipped...maintained by the driver, so having...countermeasure for a driver in the event...Compared to vehicles with automatic...transmission vehicle may be...

2012-04-16

391

75 FR 17590 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Roof Crush Resistance  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...strength for driver and passenger...for motor vehicles with a GVWR...varies from vehicle model to...complete vehicles by larger...chassis-cab vehicle is a moving truck. The driver of a chassis-cab...behind the driver and front...delivery vehicle. These specialized vehicles are...

2010-04-07

392

Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service Procedures 21.01.08.X0.03 Vehicle Use Reports: Automobiles/Trucks  

E-print Network

Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service Procedures 21.01.08.X0.03 Vehicle Use Reports: Automobiles, 2014 Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service Procedures 21.01.08.X0.03 Vehicle Use Reports: Automobiles Use Reports: Automobiles/Trucks Page 2 of 2 2.5 Enter the purpose of use for each trip. Terms

393

The effect of male teenage passengers on male teenage drivers: findings from a driving simulator study  

PubMed Central

Studies have shown that teenage drivers are less attentive, more frequently exhibit risky driving behavior, and have a higher fatal crash risk in the presence of peers. The effects of direct peer pressure and conversation on young drivers have been examined. Little is known about the impact on driving performance of the presence of a non-interacting passenger and subtle modes of peer influence, such as perceived social norms. The goal of this study was to examine if teenagers would engage in more risky driving practices and be less attentive in the presence of a passenger (vs. driving alone) as well as with a risk-accepting (vs. risk-averse) passenger. A confederate portrayed the passenger's characteristics mainly by his non-verbal attitude. The relationship between driver characteristics and driving behavior in the presence of a passenger was also examined. Thirty-six male participants aged 16-17 years old were randomly assigned to drive with a risk-accepting or risk-averse passenger. Main outcomes included speed, headway, gap acceptance, eye glances at hazards, and horizontal eye movement. Driver characteristics such as tolerance of deviance, susceptibility to peer pressure, and self-esteem were measured. Compared to solo driving, the presence of a passenger was associated with significantly fewer eye glances at hazards and a trend for fewer horizontal eye movements. Contrary to the hypothesis, however, passenger presence was associated with a greater number of vehicles before initiating a left turn. Results also showed, contrary to the hypothesis, that participants with the risk-accepting passenger maintained significantly longer headway with the lead vehicle and engaged in more eye glances at hazards than participants with the risk-averse passenger. Finally, when driving with the passenger, earlier initiation of a left turn in a steady stream of oncoming vehicles was significantly associated with higher tolerance of deviance and susceptibility to peer pressure, while fewer eye glances at hazards was linked to lower self-esteem. While the results of this study were mixed, they suggest that the presence of a teenage passenger can affect some aspects of teenage driver behavior even in the absence of overt pressure and distraction. Results are discussed in relation to theoretical concepts of social influence and social facilitation models. PMID:23727554

Ouimet, Marie Claude; Pradhan, Anuj K.; Simons-Morton, Bruce G.; Divekar, Gautam; Mehranian, Hasmik; Fisher, Donald L.

2014-01-01

394

NUMBER: VMPS 4.00 (Formerly LESA 4.00) SECTION: Vehicle Management and Parking Services  

E-print Network

will negotiate a fair market value with that department based on the NADA wholesale value. A credit for the value, requesting departments must transfer donated vehicle to VMPS. Value established for the donated vehicle using NADA wholesale value will be provided as a credit to the requesting department at the time donated

Almor, Amit

395

The development of tilt-controlled narrow ground vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Narrow commuter vehicles can address congestion, parking and pollution issues associated with urban transportation. In order for narrow commuter vehicles to become acceptable to the driving public, they must be easy to drive and perceptibly provide the same level of safety as bigger passenger vehicles. This requires that they be relatively tall in spite of being narrow. Tall vehicles tend

J. Gohl; R. Rajamani; L. Alexander; P. Starr

2002-01-01

396

Impact of Tax Cuts on the Purchasing Behavior of Low-Pollution Vehicles, Fuel-Efficient Vehicles (Japanese)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on anti-warming measures in the passenger vehicle sector and estimates the impacts of three policies in the green car taxation plan on consumer behavior with respect to car purchases. The three policies refer specifically to, first, preferential taxation for green vehicles; second, special treatment of the vehicle acquisition tax when acquiring fuel-efficient vehicles; and third, special treatment

FUJIWARA Toru

2011-01-01

397

CENTER FOR AIR TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS RESEARCH Airline Passenger  

E-print Network

CENTER FOR AIR TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS RESEARCH Airline Passenger Transportation System: Structure FOR AIR TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS RESEARCH Airline Passenger Transportation System (APTS) · System that provides transportation of passengers: ­ Passengers that provide value at their destinations (e.g. consult

398

49 CFR 223.15 - Requirements for existing passenger cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Requirements for existing passenger cars. 223.15 Section 223.15 Transportation...GLAZING STANDARDS-LOCOMOTIVES, PASSENGER CARS AND CABOOSES Specific Requirements ...15 Requirements for existing passenger cars. (a) Passenger cars...

2013-10-01

399

49 CFR 223.15 - Requirements for existing passenger cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Requirements for existing passenger cars. 223.15 Section 223.15 Transportation...GLAZING STANDARDS-LOCOMOTIVES, PASSENGER CARS AND CABOOSES Specific Requirements ...15 Requirements for existing passenger cars. (a) Passenger cars...

2011-10-01

400

49 CFR 223.15 - Requirements for existing passenger cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false Requirements for existing passenger cars. 223.15 Section 223.15 Transportation...GLAZING STANDARDS-LOCOMOTIVES, PASSENGER CARS AND CABOOSES Specific Requirements ...15 Requirements for existing passenger cars. (a) Passenger cars...

2014-10-01

401

49 CFR 223.15 - Requirements for existing passenger cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Requirements for existing passenger cars. 223.15 Section 223.15 Transportation...GLAZING STANDARDS-LOCOMOTIVES, PASSENGER CARS AND CABOOSES Specific Requirements ...15 Requirements for existing passenger cars. (a) Passenger cars...

2012-10-01

402

49 CFR 223.15 - Requirements for existing passenger cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Requirements for existing passenger cars. 223.15 Section 223.15 Transportation...GLAZING STANDARDS-LOCOMOTIVES, PASSENGER CARS AND CABOOSES Specific Requirements ...15 Requirements for existing passenger cars. (a) Passenger cars...

2010-10-01

403

Applications of Automatic Vehicle Location systems towards improving service reliability and operations planning in London  

E-print Network

Technological advances in the transit industry, such as the introduction of Automatic Vehicle Location (AVL) systems, have provided agencies with robust data collection and measurement systems and enabled the development ...

Ehrlich, Joseph Emanuel

2010-01-01

404

FLEET SERVICES -FACILTIES MANAGEMENT -UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO UNIVERSITY VEHICLE USE AUTHORIZATION FORM  

E-print Network

in vehicle will be taken to UCPD (858 534-4357) Lost & Found. BILLING INFORMATION - FOR FLEET OPERATIONS USE_________________________________________________$_______._____ Gasoline Charges (cont.)____________________________________________$_______._____ Veh.___________ Credit Card #___________ TOTAL CHARGES INCURRED_$_______._____ White: Fleet Operations Yellow: Billing Copy

Russell, Lynn

405

14 CFR 91.1035 - Passenger awareness.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...have been orally briefed on— (1) Smoking: Each passenger must be briefed on when, where, and under what conditions smoking is prohibited. This briefing must...lighted passenger information signs and no smoking placards, prohibit smoking in...

2013-01-01

406

14 CFR 91.519 - Passenger briefing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...have been orally briefed on— (1) Smoking. Each passenger shall be briefed on when, where, and under what conditions smoking is prohibited. This briefing shall...lighted passenger information signs and no smoking placards, prohibit smoking in...

2013-01-01

407

14 CFR 91.1035 - Passenger awareness.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...have been orally briefed on— (1) Smoking: Each passenger must be briefed on when, where, and under what conditions smoking is prohibited. This briefing must...lighted passenger information signs and no smoking placards, prohibit smoking in...

2012-01-01

408

14 CFR 91.519 - Passenger briefing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...have been orally briefed on— (1) Smoking. Each passenger shall be briefed on when, where, and under what conditions smoking is prohibited. This briefing shall...lighted passenger information signs and no smoking placards, prohibit smoking in...

2011-01-01

409

14 CFR 91.519 - Passenger briefing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...have been orally briefed on— (1) Smoking. Each passenger shall be briefed on when, where, and under what conditions smoking is prohibited. This briefing shall...lighted passenger information signs and no smoking placards, prohibit smoking in...

2012-01-01

410

14 CFR 91.1035 - Passenger awareness.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...have been orally briefed on— (1) Smoking: Each passenger must be briefed on when, where, and under what conditions smoking is prohibited. This briefing must...lighted passenger information signs and no smoking placards, prohibit smoking in...

2011-01-01

411

75 FR 32318 - Enhancing Airline Passenger Protections  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...or airline travel vouchers, passengers who travel on so-called ``free'' companion tickets, or passengers who hold...price advertising rule in section 399.84 would prohibit so-called ``opt-out'' provisions in price advertising....

2010-06-08

412

14 CFR 91.519 - Passenger briefing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...have been orally briefed on— (1) Smoking. Each passenger shall be briefed on when, where, and under what conditions smoking is prohibited. This briefing shall...lighted passenger information signs and no smoking placards, prohibit smoking in...

2010-01-01

413

14 CFR 91.1035 - Passenger awareness.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...have been orally briefed on— (1) Smoking: Each passenger must be briefed on when, where, and under what conditions smoking is prohibited. This briefing must...lighted passenger information signs and no smoking placards, prohibit smoking in...

2010-01-01

414

INTERMODALITY AND PASSENGER TRANSPORT Isabelle LAPLACE,  

E-print Network

INTERMODALITY AND PASSENGER TRANSPORT Isabelle LAPLACE, M3 SYSTEMS, Nathalie LENOIR , LEEA, Ecole and passengers by the use of several coordinated transport modes. In the first section of this paper, we study the trip, etc. In the literature, the term "intermodal" transport applied to passengers using successively

Boyer, Edmond

415

Rolling stock planning for passenger transportation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The planning of the optimal rolling stock for passenger carriage should be based on passenger flow forecasts, close examination of the available locomotives and cars and properly chosen methods of their writing off and plans for rolling stock renewal.The strategy of renewing the existing rolling stock for passenger transportation (including plans for writing off, modernization and purchasing of cars and

Jonas Butkevi?ius; Leonas Povilas Lingaitis; Gediminas Vai?i?nas

2004-01-01

416

40 CFR Appendix II to Subpart S of... - As-Received Testing Vehicle Rejection Criteria  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...passenger cars, snow plowing, racing) 4. The vehicle has a history of extensive collision damage or major engine repair (piston, crank, cylinder head, engine block). 5. The vehicle exhibits ominous noises or serious fluid leaks from the...

2013-07-01

417

40 CFR Appendix II to Subpart S of... - As-Received Testing Vehicle Rejection Criteria  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...passenger cars, snow plowing, racing) 4. The vehicle has a history of extensive collision damage or major engine repair (piston, crank, cylinder head, engine block). 5. The vehicle exhibits ominous noises or serious fluid leaks from the...

2012-07-01

418

40 CFR Appendix II to Subpart S of... - As-Received Testing Vehicle Rejection Criteria  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...passenger cars, snow plowing, racing) 4. The vehicle has a history of extensive collision damage or major engine repair (piston, crank, cylinder head, engine block). 5. The vehicle exhibits ominous noises or serious fluid leaks from the...

2014-07-01

419

Stabilizing a Vehicle near Rollover: An Analogy to Cart-Pole  

E-print Network

An analogy between the dynamics of a cart-pole system and vehicle rollover dynamics is used to derive a controller for tipping up and stabilizing a planar model of a passenger vehicle near rollover by controlling lateral ...

Peters, Steven Conrad

420

Passenger Car Use and Climate Change. Quantifying the Impacts of Technological Innovations Needed for Substantial CO2 Emission Reductions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the study is to model scenarios of technological innovations in the global passenger vehicle fleet, i.e., improvements in the energy economy of average regional vehicle fleets and blending of alternative fuels. This is to quantify the potential CO2 emission reductions that may stem from enhancing \\

Ina Meyer; Jürgen Scheffran

421

76 FR 47078 - Make Inoperative Exemptions; Vehicle Modifications To Accommodate People With Disabilities, Head...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...of available vehicle applications...of the TAS on vehicles, Bruno requested...to cover both driver and passenger...operated by a driver seated in a wheelchair...supplied with the vehicle for the driver; (ii) A motor vehicle is modified to...9)(i) For vehicles...

2011-08-04

422

77 FR 33315 - Protection of Stratospheric Ozone: Alternative for the Motor Vehicle Air Conditioning Sector...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...impair the driver's response...light-duty vehicles (76 FR 17488...in Motor Vehicle Air Conditioning...Vehicle Driver and Passenger...light duty vehicles (EPA-HQ-OAR-2008-0644...area in the vehicle being regulated...focus on the driver...

2012-06-06

423

75 FR 17605 - Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Roof Crush Resistance  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...vehicles (SUVs) for those vehicles to be subject to a lower...2.5 for all light vehicles, and the petitioners...for all light motor vehicle occupants in the final...CfIR argued that drivers and passengers of light...000 pounds) GVWR vehicles. It stated that...

2010-04-07

424

Vision-based vehicle detection and tracking algorithm design  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The vision-based vehicle detection in front of an ego-vehicle is regarded as promising for driver assistance as well as for autonomous vehicle guidance. The feasibility of vehicle detection in a passenger car requires accurate and robust sensing performance. A multivehicle detection system based on stereo vision has been developed for better accuracy and robustness. This system utilizes morphological filter, feature detector, template matching, and epipolar constraint techniques in order to detect the corresponding pairs of vehicles. After the initial detection, the system executes the tracking algorithm for the vehicles. The proposed system can detect front vehicles such as the leading vehicle and side-lane vehicles. The position parameters of the vehicles located in front are obtained based on the detection information. The proposed vehicle detection system is implemented on a passenger car, and its performance is verified experimentally.

Hwang, Junyeon; Huh, Kunsoo; Lee, Donghwi

2009-12-01

425

PASSENGER CAR HYDROCARBON EMISSIONS SPECIATION  

EPA Science Inventory

Emission factors for over 60 individual hydrocarbon compounds were determined for four passenger cars. The cars included a 1963 Chevrolet, a 1977 Mustang, and 1978 Monarch, and 1979 LTD II. The speciation data is reported for both tailpipe and evaporative emissions. The tailpipe ...

426

Carsharing and Personal Vehicle Services: Worldwide Market Developments and Emerging Trends  

Microsoft Academic Search

Carsharing (or short-term auto use) provides a flexible alternative that meets diverse transportation needs across the globe, while reducing the negative impacts of private vehicle ownership. More than 65 years ago, carsharing began appearing in Europe. It has expanded to approximately 1,100 cities worldwide, in 26 nations on five continents. This article provides a global perspective of carsharing growth and

Susan A. Shaheen; Adam P. Cohen

2012-01-01

427

Increasing Seat Belt Use in Service Vehicle Drivers with a Gearshift Delay  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated a device that prevents drivers from shifting vehicles into gear for up to 8 s unless seat belts are buckled. Participants were 101 commercial drivers who operated vans, pickups, or other light trucks from the U.S. and Canada. The driver could escape or avoid the delay by fastening his or her seat belt before shifting out of…

Van Houten, Ron; Malenfant, J. E. Louis; Reagan, Ian; Sifrit, Kathy; Compton, Richard

2010-01-01

428

A comparison of alternative technologies to decarbonize Canada's passenger transportation sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a full systems model of Canada's economy, six alternative scenarios to de-carbonize the personal passenger vehicle fleet are compared to a business as usual non de-carbonized scenario in terms of greenhouse gas emissions, trade disposition of energy commodities, and the physical resources required for energy production. Three scenarios are analyzed to compare the impacts of increasing either ethanol 85,

Paul A. Steenhof; Bertram C. McInnis

2008-01-01

429

A smart market for passenger road transport (SMPRT) congestion: An application of computational mechanism design  

Microsoft Academic Search

To control and price negative externalities in passenger road transport, we develop an innovative and integrated computational agent-based economics (ACE) model to simulate a market oriented ‘cap’ and trade system. (i) First, there is a computational assessment of a digitized road network model of the real-world congestion hot spot to determine the ‘cap’ of the system in terms of vehicle

Sheri Markose; Amadeo Alentorn; Deddy Koesrindartoto; Peter Allen; Phil Blythe; Sergio Grosso

2007-01-01

430

Safety Evaluation and Countermeasure Research on the Passenger Transportation in Chongqing Mountainous Rural Areas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Along with the continual improvement of rural residents' living conditions, the passenger transport demand grows increasingly. However, the present backward vehicles, the traffic mode, the supervision system and the rural residents' consciousness of traffic safe can not adapt to the realistic demand of safe transportation under the current rural road condition; which makes traffic accidents show a growing tendency in

Yao Hongyun; Cao Yuanwen; Zhou Zheng

2010-01-01

431

Behavioral Skills Training to Improve Installation and Use of Child Passenger Safety Restraints  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The risk for serious injury and death to children during motor vehicle accidents can be greatly reduced through the correct use of child passenger safety restraints (CPSRs). Unfortunately, most CPSRs are installed or used incorrectly. This study examined the effectiveness of behavioral skills training (BST) to teach 10 participants to install…

Himle, Michael B.; Wright, Kalon A.

2014-01-01

432

Influence of European passenger cars weight to exhaust CO 2 emissions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increase of atmospheric CO2 concentration influences climate changes. The road transport sector is one of the main anthropogenic sources of CO2 emissions in the European Union (EU). One of the main parameters influencing CO2 emissions from passenger cars (PCs) is their weight, which increases during last years. For the same driving distance, heavier vehicles need more work than lighter

Efthimios Zervas; Christos Lazarou

2008-01-01

433

Service Discovery and Session Initiation in a Highly Dynamic Swarm of Unmanned Vehicles  

E-print Network

can provide various services like heat sensor, infrared camera, long range communications antenna, etc an efficient solution for highly mobile and volatile networks. Service Token A virtual element, the token [6 cross the whole network during its lifetime. Figure 3 illustrates a DHT request failure in case the node

Boyer, Edmond

434

20 CFR 203.4 - When service is compensated.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...and otherwise assisting passengers at passenger stations shall be considered compensated service although the individual's remuneration was, in whole or in part, in the form of tips. (For the effect of compensation of less than...

2010-04-01

435

26 CFR 1.280F-2T - Limitations on recovery deductions and the investment tax credit for certain passenger...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... Limitations on recovery deductions and the investment tax credit for certain passenger...INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED... Limitations on recovery deductions and the investment tax credit for certain...

2014-04-01

436

Advanced vehicle systems assessment. Volume 3: Systems assessment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The systems analyses integrate the advanced component and vehicle characteristics into conceptual vehicles with identical performance (for a given application) and evaluates the vehicles in typical use patterns. Initial and life-cycle costs are estimated and compared to conventional reference vehicles with comparable technological advances, assuming the vehicles will be in competition in the early 1990s. Electric vans, commuter vehicles, and full-size vehicles, in addition to electric/heat-engine hybrid and fuel-cell powered vehicles, are addressed in terms of performance and economics. System and subsystem recommendations for vans and two-passenger commuter vehicles are based on the economic analyses in this volume.

Hardy, K.

1985-01-01

437

Deterioration of gasoline vehicle emissions and effectiveness of tune-up for high-polluted vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the emissions using a chassis dynamometer for three types of passenger vehicles, including new vehicles, in-use vehicles, and highly polluted vehicles, based on the US federal test procedure (FTP-75). In-use high emitters, emit about 5–12 times more CO, NOx and HC. Emission tests before and after repair and maintenance for high emitters indicated that tune-ups fail to

Hung-Lung Chiang; Jiun-Horng Tsai; Yung-Chen Yao; Wen-Yuan Ho

2008-01-01

438

Modeling and Validation of a Fuel Cell Hybrid Vehicle  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the design and construction of a fuel cell hybrid electric vehicle based on the conversion of a five passenger production sedan. The vehicle uses a relatively small fuel cell stack to provide average power demands, and a battery pack to provide peak power demands for varied driving conditions. A model of this vehicle was developed using ADVISOR,

Michael J. Ogburn; Douglas J. Nelson; Keith Wipke; Tony Markel

2000-01-01

439

Control, Alarm and Indicator Systems in Modern Electric Vehicles  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the different controls and their associated indicator and alarm systems used in modern day electric vehicles (EVs). These electric vehicles are of hybrid type incorporating diesel, petrol or hydrogen as alternate fuel source. The purpose of different controls is to give smooth start, passenger comfort, amenities, safety and smooth stop. This is achieved through vehicle management unit

V. K. Sharma; R. D. Kamble; R. Sharma

2006-01-01

440

Multi-service dual-mode spiral antenna for conformal integration into vehicle roofs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a planar four-arm spiral designed for the radio services AMPS, GSM900, DAB, GPS, GSM1800, GSM1900 and UMTS, intended for integration into cars. The different patterns for terrestrial and satellite services are obtained by feeding the four-arm spiral with two different modes. The dual mode feeding is performed with a coplanar waveguide transmission line. The two radiation modes

E. Gschwendtner; W. Wiesbeck

2000-01-01

441

Application for certification 1992, model year light-duty vehicles - Porsche  

SciTech Connect

Every year, each manufacturer of passenger cars, light-duty trucks, motorcycles, or heavy-duty engines submits to EPA an application for certification. The report deals with light-duty vehicles for Porsche. In the application, the manufacturer gives a detailed technical description of the vehicles or engines he intends to market during the upcoming model year. These engineering data include explanations and/or drawings which describe engine/vehicle parameters such as basic engine design, fuel systems, ignition systems and exhaust and evaporative emission control systems. It also provides information on emission test procedures, service accumulation procedures, fuels to be used, and proposed maintenance requirements to be followed during testing. Section 16 of the application contains the results of emission testing, a statement of compliance to the regulations, production engine parameters, and a Summary Sheet Input Form on which issuance of a Certificate of Conformity is based.

Not Available

1992-01-01

442

Application for certification, 1991 model year light-duty vehicles - Sports Car America, Puma Division Inc  

SciTech Connect

Every year, each manufacturer of passenger cars, light-duty trucks, motorcycles, or heavy-duty engines submits to EPA an application for certification. The report deals with light-duty vehicles from Sports Car America, PUMA Division Incorporated. In the application, the manufacturer gives a detailed technical description of the vehicles or engines he intends to market during the upcoming model year. These engineering data include explanations and/or drawings which describe engine/vehicle parameters such as basic engine design, fuel systems, ignition systems and exhaust and evaporative emission control systems. It also provides information on emission test procedures, service accumulation procedures, fuels to be used, and proposed maintenance requirements to be followed during testing. Section 16 of the application contains the results of emission testing, a statement of compliance to the regulations, production engine parameters, and a Summary Sheet Input Form on which issuance of a Certificate of Conformity is based.

Not Available

1992-01-01

443

Spatial policy and passenger transportation  

Microsoft Academic Search

With regard to passenger transportation, spatial planning and infrastructure policy are increasingly called to collaborate\\u000a in setting the course for future developments in the Netherlands. The latest development vision was formulated in the Fourth\\u000a Report (VINO) and its sequel (VINEX). This article considers the spatial policy formulated in these reports noting the changes\\u000a that have been made in that policy

Martin Dijst

1997-01-01

444

Airline Passengers' Satisfaction with Airports  

E-print Network

Members, Larry Gresham William A. McIntosh Head of Department, Gary Ellis December 2011 Major Subject: Recreation, Park, and Tourism Sciences iii ABSTRACT Airline Passengers? Satisfaction with Airports. (December 2011) Hyun Joo Kim... research methodology was selected. Quantitative research allows generalizing a sample to a population; survey research, in particular, explains the relationships among variables (Trochim, 2001; Babbie, 1990). In order to obtain e-mail addresses...

Kim, Hyun Joo

2012-02-14

445

33 CFR 104.106 - Passenger access area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Passenger access area. (a) A ferry, passenger vessel, or cruise ship may designate areas within the vessel as passenger access...measures for access control, of a ferry, passenger vessel, or cruise ship that is open to passengers. It is not a secure area...

2011-07-01

446

The University of Oklahoma 15-PASSENGER VAN POLICY  

E-print Network

. Limit the number of passengers, when passenger transport is necessary, to 8 passengers, I. Require allThe University of Oklahoma 15-PASSENGER VAN POLICY I. POLICY STATEMENT AND SCOPE The safe travel, at the University of Oklahoma is the goal of this policy. This policy applies to the discontinuance of 15-passenger

Oklahoma, University of

447

An Intelligent Based Model for Urban Demand-Responsive Passenger Transportation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Agent-based urban traffic service has been looked as an efficient tool for traffic services. However, the main problem is\\u000a how to build an agent-based model for it. This research presents a multi-agent based demand responsive passenger transport\\u000a services model, which adopts a multi-agents coordination approach for urban traffic services control. In this paper, we propose\\u000a a new demand responsive transportation

Xu Jin; Mhamed Itmi; Habib Abdulrab

448

Manned Orbital Transfer Vehicle (MOTV). Volume 2: Mission handbook  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The use of the manned orbit transfer vehicle (MOTV) for support of future space missions is defined. Some 20 generic missions are defined each representative of the types of missions expected to be flown in the future. These include the service and update of communications satellites, emergency repair of surveillance satellites, and passenger transport of a six man crew rotation/resupply service to a deep space command post. The propulsive and functional capabilities required of the MOTV to support a particular mission are described and data to enable the user to determine the number of STS flights needed to support the mission, mission peculiar equipment requirements, parametrics on mission phasing and requirements, ground and flight support requirements, recovery considerations, and IVA/EVA trade analysis are presented.

Boyland, R. E.; Sherman, S. W.; Morfin, H. W.

1979-01-01

449

US Advanced Freight and Passenger MAGLEV System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Japan and Germany will operate first generation Maglev passenger systems commercially shortly after 2000 A.D. The United States Maglev systems will require sophisticated freight and passenger carrying capability. The U.S. freight market is larger than passenger transport. A proposed advanced freight and passenger Maglev Project in Brevard County Florida is described. Present Maglev systems cost 30 million dollars or more per mile. Described is an advanced third generation Maglev system with technology improvements that will result in a cost of 10 million dollars per mile.

Morena, John J.; Danby, Gordon; Powell, James

1996-01-01

450

Railway vehicle body structures  

SciTech Connect

The strength and durability of railway vehicle structures is a major topic of engineering research and design. To reflect this importance the Railway Division of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers organised a conference to discuss all matters relating to railway vehicle design. This book presents the papers discussed in that conference. The contents include: Vehicle body design and the UIC's international contribution; LUL prototype 1986 stock - body structure; vehicle structure for the intermediate capacity transmit system vehicles; car body technology of advanced light rapid transit vehicles; concepts, techniques and experience in the idealization of car body structures for finite element analysis; Calcutta metropolitan railway; design for a lightweight diesel multiple unit body; the design of lightweight inter-city coal structures; the BREL international coach body shell structure; new concepts and design techniques versus material standards; structures of BR diesel electric freight locomotives; structural design philosophy for electric locomotives; suspension design for a locomotive with low structural frequencies; freight wagon structures; a finite element study of coal bodyside panels including the effects of joint flexibility; a fresh approach to the problem of car body design strength; energy absorption in automatic couplings and draw gear; passenger vehicle design loads and structural crashworthiness; design of the front part of railway vehicles (in case of frontal impact); the development of a theoretical technique for rail vehicle structural crashworthiness.

Not Available

1985-01-01

451

Mobility chains analysis of technologies for passenger cars and light duty vehicles fueled with biofuels : application of the Greet model to project the role of biomass in America's energy future (RBAEF) project.  

SciTech Connect

The Role of Biomass in America's Energy Future (RBAEF) is a multi-institution, multiple-sponsor research project. The primary focus of the project is to analyze and assess the potential of transportation fuels derived from cellulosic biomass in the years 2015 to 2030. For this project, researchers at Dartmouth College and Princeton University designed and simulated an advanced fermentation process to produce fuel ethanol/protein, a thermochemical process to produce Fischer-Tropsch diesel (FTD) and dimethyl ether (DME), and a combined heat and power plant to co-produce steam and electricity using the ASPEN Plus{trademark} model. With support from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) conducted, for the RBAEF project, a mobility chains or well-to-wheels (WTW) analysis using the Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Transportation (GREET) model developed at ANL. The mobility chains analysis was intended to estimate the energy consumption and emissions associated with the use of different production biofuels in light-duty vehicle technologies.

Wu, M.; Wu, Y.; Wang, M; Energy Systems

2008-01-31

452

Teacher Development Program: A Vehicle for Assisting Pre-Service Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1990 the Teacher Development Program was created by the Office of Professional Field Experiences at Southeastern Louisiana University to better the quality and improve the success rate of teacher candidates and student teachers. The fundamental principle behind the program was to provide assistance for pre-service teachers who need immediate…

Wood, Frances B.

2010-01-01

453

Viral Entertainment as a Vehicle for Disseminating Speech-Based Services to Low-Literate Users  

E-print Network

Interfaces, low literate, cell phone, telephone, viral, entertainment, communication services Permission manipulation and forwarding system that went viral in Pakistan last year. Seeded once by 32 low-skilled office and social contact, but it has also been put to an unintended use as a voicemail and group messaging facility

Saif, Umar

454

The Otto-engine-equivalent vehicle concept  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A vehicle comparison methodology based on the Otto-Engine Equivalent (OEE) vehicle concept is described. As an illustration of this methodology, the concept is used to make projections of the fuel economy potential of passenger cars using various alternative power systems. Sensitivities of OEE vehicle results to assumptions made in the calculational procedure are discussed. Factors considered include engine torque boundary, rear axle ratio, performance criteria, engine transient response, and transmission shift logic.

Dowdy, M. W.; Couch, M. D.

1978-01-01

455

14 CFR 29.807 - Passenger emergency exits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 false Passenger emergency exits. 29.807... AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: TRANSPORT CATEGORY ROTORCRAFT Design...Accommodations § 29.807 Passenger emergency exits. (a...of this part, the types of passenger emergency exit are as...

2013-01-01

456

14 CFR 25.791 - Passenger information signs and placards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 false Passenger information signs and placards... AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: TRANSPORT CATEGORY AIRPLANES Design...Accommodations § 25.791 Passenger information signs and placards...compartment is separated from the passenger compartment, there...

2013-01-01

457

14 CFR 25.791 - Passenger information signs and placards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-01-01 false Passenger information signs and placards... AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: TRANSPORT CATEGORY AIRPLANES Design...Accommodations § 25.791 Passenger information signs and placards...compartment is separated from the passenger compartment, there...

2014-01-01

458

14 CFR 29.1413 - Safety belts: passenger warning device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false Safety belts: passenger warning device. 29.1413... AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: TRANSPORT CATEGORY ROTORCRAFT Equipment...29.1413 Safety belts: passenger warning device. (a...are means to indicate to the passengers when safety belts...

2012-01-01

459

14 CFR 29.1413 - Safety belts: passenger warning device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Safety belts: passenger warning device. 29.1413... AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: TRANSPORT CATEGORY ROTORCRAFT Equipment...29.1413 Safety belts: passenger warning device. (a...are means to indicate to the passengers when safety belts...

2010-01-01

460

14 CFR 29.807 - Passenger emergency exits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-01-01 false Passenger emergency exits. 29.807... AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: TRANSPORT CATEGORY ROTORCRAFT Design...Accommodations § 29.807 Passenger emergency exits. (a...of this part, the types of passenger emergency exit are as...

2011-01-01

461

14 CFR 29.1413 - Safety belts: passenger warning device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 false Safety belts: passenger warning device. 29.1413... AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: TRANSPORT CATEGORY ROTORCRAFT Equipment...29.1413 Safety belts: passenger warning device. (a...are means to indicate to the passengers when safety belts...

2014-01-01

462

14 CFR 29.807 - Passenger emergency exits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-01-01 false Passenger emergency exits. 29.807... AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: TRANSPORT CATEGORY ROTORCRAFT Design...Accommodations § 29.807 Passenger emergency exits. (a...of this part, the types of passenger emergency exit are as...

2014-01-01

463

14 CFR 29.1413 - Safety belts: passenger warning device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Safety belts: passenger warning device. 29.1413... AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: TRANSPORT CATEGORY ROTORCRAFT Equipment...29.1413 Safety belts: passenger warning device. (a...are means to indicate to the passengers when safety belts...

2013-01-01

464

14 CFR 29.1413 - Safety belts: passenger warning device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Safety belts: passenger warning device. 29.1413... AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: TRANSPORT CATEGORY ROTORCRAFT Equipment...29.1413 Safety belts: passenger warning device. (a...are means to indicate to the passengers when safety belts...

2011-01-01

465

14 CFR 25.791 - Passenger information signs and placards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-01-01 false Passenger information signs and placards... AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: TRANSPORT CATEGORY AIRPLANES Design...Accommodations § 25.791 Passenger information signs and placards...compartment is separated from the passenger compartment, there...

2011-01-01

466

14 CFR 29.807 - Passenger emergency exits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Passenger emergency exits. 29.807... AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: TRANSPORT CATEGORY ROTORCRAFT Design...Accommodations § 29.807 Passenger emergency exits. (a...of this part, the types of passenger emergency exit are as...

2010-01-01

467

14 CFR 25.791 - Passenger information signs and placards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-01-01 false Passenger information signs and placards... AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: TRANSPORT CATEGORY AIRPLANES Design...Accommodations § 25.791 Passenger information signs and placards...compartment is separated from the passenger compartment, there...

2012-01-01

468

14 CFR 29.807 - Passenger emergency exits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-01-01 false Passenger emergency exits. 29.807... AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: TRANSPORT CATEGORY ROTORCRAFT Design...Accommodations § 29.807 Passenger emergency exits. (a...of this part, the types of passenger emergency exit are as...

2012-01-01

469

Speed-dependent emission of air pollutants from gasoline-powered passenger cars.  

PubMed

In Korea emissions from motor vehicles are a major source of air pollution in metropolitan cities, and in Seoul a large proportion of the vehicle fleet is made up of gasoline-powered passenger cars. The carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbons (HC), oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and carbon dioxide (CO2) contained in the exhaust emissions from 76 gasoline-powered passenger cars equipped with three-way catalysts has been assessed by vehicle speed, vehicle mileage and model year. The results show that CO, HC, NOx and CO2 emissions remained almost unchanged at higher speeds but decreased rapidly at lower speeds. While a reduction in CO, HC and NOx emissions was noticeable in vehicles of recent manufacture and lower mileage, CO2 emissions were found to be insensitive to vehicle mileage, but strongly dependent on gross vehicle weight. Lower emissions from more recent gasoline-powered vehicles arose mainly from improvements in three-way catalytic converter technology following strengthened emission regulations. The correlation between CO2 emission and fuel consumption has been investigated with a view to establishing national CO2 emission standards for Korea. PMID:21970159

Jung, Sungwoon; Lee, Meehye; Kim, Jongchoon; Lyu, Youngsook; Park, Junhong

2011-01-01

470

Service learning: a vehicle for building health equity and eliminating health disparities.  

PubMed

Service learning (SL) is a form of community-centered experiential education that places emerging health professionals in community-generated service projects and provides structured opportunities for reflection on the broader social, economic, and political contexts of health. We describe the elements and impact of five distinct week-long intensive SL courses focused on the context of urban, rural, border, and indigenous health contexts. Students involved in these SL courses demonstrated a commitment to community-engaged scholarship and practice in both their student and professional lives. SL is directly in line with the core public health value of social justice and serves as a venue to strengthen community-campus partnerships in addressing health disparities through sustained collaboration and action in vulnerable communities. PMID:25706014

Sabo, Samantha; de Zapien, Jill; Teufel-Shone, Nicolette; Rosales, Cecilia; Bergsma, Lynda; Taren, Douglas

2015-03-01

471

Train Timetable Evaluation from the Viewpoints of Passengers by Microsimulation of Train Operation and Passenger Flow  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to evaluate train timetables from passengers' points of view, it is indispensable to estimate the disutilities of passengers. This can be done by estimating the movements of passengers and trains accurately. In particular, when there are many passengers, an interaction between the passengers and trains must be considered. To this end, we have developed a microsimulation system to simulate both train operation and passengers' train choice behavior. The system can simulate train choice behaviors of more than one million passengers as well as their positions in trains. It is possible to estimate the delays caused by congestion in trains as well. The system is based on models of different attitudes of the passengers with respect to the train choice behavior, with includes the choice of the earliest train, transfer avoidance, and congestion avoidance; a passengers' train choice behavior reflects his/her preferences. We applied this system to an actual railway line in a metropolitan area and evaluated two train schedules by calculating the generalized cost that reflects each passenger's disutility in his/her experience. Through the numerical experiments, we have confirmed that the proposed method is very useful for evaluating timetables from passengers' points of view.

Kunimatsu, Taketoshi; Hirai, Chikara; Tomii, Norio

472

Evacuability of Passenger Ships at Sea  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY The term Evacuability (passenger evacuation performance capability) entails a wide range of capabilities encompassing evaluation of evacuation time, identification of potential bottlenecks, assessment of accommodation module layout, life saving appliances, passenger familiarisation with a ship's environment, crew training, effective evacuation procedures\\/strategies, intelligent decision support systems for crisis management and design\\/modification for ease of evacuation. From a technical point of

D. Vassalos; G. Christiansen; H. S. Kim; M. Bole; J. Majumder

473

Modeling waterborne passenger transportation user characteristics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation examines potential new directions for the utilization of the waterborne passenger transportation mode. The research provides the analytical and managerial tools that will encourage and support the future development of this mode. Special emphasis is given to the analysis of waterborne transportation demand characteristics and mode potential, using a logit based waterborne passenger transportation demand model. The model

Berkowitz

1985-01-01

474

The Driving Factors of Passenger Transport  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past few decades passenger transport has grown rapidly resulting in a multitude of problems including severe traffic congestion and pollution. It is expected that passenger transport will continue to grow rapidly in the future, which will worsen the situation even further. The traditional approach to deal with the problems is to expand the infrastructure. However, transport policy is

Gerard C. de Jong; Odette van de Riet

2008-01-01

475

49 CFR 604.7 - Qualified human service organizations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Qualified human service organizations. 604...Exceptions § 604.7 Qualified human service organizations. ...charter service to a qualified human service organization (QHSO...of passengers; (4) The origin, destination, and trip...

2011-10-01

476

49 CFR 604.7 - Qualified human service organizations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Qualified human service organizations. 604...Exceptions § 604.7 Qualified human service organizations. ...charter service to a qualified human service organization (QHSO...of passengers; (4) The origin, destination, and trip...

2010-10-01

477

49 CFR 604.7 - Qualified human service organizations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Qualified human service organizations. 604...Exceptions § 604.7 Qualified human service organizations. ...charter service to a qualified human service organization (QHSO...of passengers; (4) The origin, destination, and trip...

2013-10-01

478

49 CFR 604.7 - Qualified human service organizations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Qualified human service organizations. 604...Exceptions § 604.7 Qualified human service organizations. ...charter service to a qualified human service organization (QHSO...of passengers; (4) The origin, destination, and trip...

2012-10-01

479

49 CFR 604.7 - Qualified human service organizations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Qualified human service organizations. 604...Exceptions § 604.7 Qualified human service organizations. ...charter service to a qualified human service organization (QHSO...of passengers; (4) The origin, destination, and trip...

2014-10-01

480

The Multi-purpose Crew Vehicle European Service Module: a European Contribution to Human Exploration  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper provides an overview of the system and subsystem configuration of the MPCV European Service Module (ESM) at Preliminary Design Review (PDR) stage as well as its perspectives of utilisation within the global space exploration endeavour. The MPCV ESM is a cylindrical module with a diameter of 4500 mm and a total length – main engine excluded – of 2700 mm. It is fitted with four solar array wings with a span of 18.8 m. Its dry mass is 3.5 metric tons and it can carry 8.6 tons of propellant. The main functions of the European Service Module are to bring the structural continuity between the launcher and the crew module, to provide propulsion to the MPCV, to ensure its thermal control as well as electrical power and to store water, oxygen and nitrogen for the mission. The current agreement foresees the development and production by Europe of one flight model, with an option for a second one. This module will be assembled in Europe and delivered to NASA in 2016. It will be used for a flight of the MPCV Orion in December 2017.

Berthe, Philippe; Schubert, Kathleen; Grantier, Julie; Pietsch, Klaus; Angelillo, Philippe; Price, Laurence

2013-01-01

481

The Multi-purpose Crew Vehicle European Service Module: a European Contribution to Human Exploration  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper provides an overview of the system and subsystem configuration of the MPCV European Service Module (ESM) at Preliminary Design Review (PDR) stage as well as its perspectives of utilisation within the global space exploration endeavour. The MPCV ESM is a cylindrical module with a diameter of 4500 mm and a total length - main engine excluded - of 2700 mm. It is fitted with four solar array wings with a span of 18.8 m. Its dry mass is 3.5 metric tons and it can carry 8.6 tons of propellant. The main functions of the European Service Module are to bring the structural continuity between the launcher and the crew module, to provide propulsion to the MPCV, to ensure its thermal control as well as electrical power and to store water, oxygen and nitrogen for the mission. The current agreement foresees the development and production by Europe of one flight model, with an option for a second one. This module will be assembled in Europe and delivered to NASA in 2016. It will be used for a flight of the MPCV Orion in December 2017.

Schubert, Kathleen; Berthe, Philippe; Grantier, Julie; Pietsch, Klaus; Angelillo, Philippe; Price, Laurence

2013-01-01

482

The Vehicle Ecosystem  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ubiquitous computing in the vehicle industry has primarily focused on sensor data serving different ubiquitous on-board services (e.g., crash detection, antilock brake systems, or air conditioning). These services mainly address vehicle drivers while driving. However, in view of the role of vehicles in today's society, it goes without saying that vehicles relate to more than just the driver or occupants; they are part of a larger ecosystem, including traffic participants, authorities, customers and the like. To serve the ecosystem with ubiquitous services based on vehicle sensor data, there is a need for an open information infrastructure that enables service development close to the customer. This paper presents results from a research project on designing such an infrastructure at a major European vehicle manufacturer. Our empirical data shows how the vehicle manufacturer's conceptualization of services disagrees with the needs of vehicle stakeholders in a more comprehensive vehicle ecosystem. In light of this, we discuss the effect on information infrastructure design and introduce the distinction between information infrastructure as product feature and service facilitator. In a more general way, we highlight the importance of information infrastructure to contextualize the vehicle as part of a larger ecosystem and thus support open innovation.

Kuschel, Jonas

483

The prospects for space tourism - Investigation of the economic and technological feasibility of commercial passenger transportation into Low Earth Orbit  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paper discusses the long-range perspectives of commercial passenger transportation into Low Earth Orbit (LEO). Based on a market model for the timespan from 2001 to 2050, different market growth scenarios are developed. These introduce five different reduction in recurring costs. Technological variables of the different transportation systems and transportation demand trends had been used as input for an integrated operations and cost model. Computer simulation of passenger transport within the given timespan produced cost trends which are significantly different from those of earlier studies. Finally, suggestions for financing and organizing a commercial passenger transportation service to LEO are made.

Abitzsch, S.; Eilingsfeld, F.

1992-08-01

484

Service Reliability Measurement Using Automated Fare Card Data Application to the London Underground  

E-print Network

This paper explores the potential of using automated fare card data to quantify the reliability of service as experienced by passengers of rail transit systems. The distribution of individual passenger journey times can ...

Uniman, David L.

485

Future Directions in the Design, Development, and Investigation of Technology as a Service Delivery Vehicle  

PubMed Central

Treatment outcome research with children and adolescents has progressed to such an extent that numerous handbooks have been devoted to reviewing and summarizing the evidence base. Ensuring that consumers of these advancements in state-of-the-field interventions have the opportunity to access, engage in, and benefit from this evidence-base, however, has been wrought with challenge. As such, much discussion exists about innovative strategies for overcoming the gap between research and practice; yet, no other potential solution that has received more attention in both the popular and academic press than technology. The promise of technology is not surprising given the fast-paced evolution in development and, in turn, a seemingly endless range of possibilities for novel service delivery platforms. Yet, this is precisely the most formidable challenge threatening to upset the very promise of this potential solution: The rate of emerging technologies is far outpacing the field’s capacity to demonstrate the conceptual or empirical benefits of such an approach. Accordingly, this paper aims to provide a series of recommendations that better situate empirical enquiry at the core of a collaborative development, testing, and deployment process that must define this line of work if the promise of mental health technologies is going to be a reality for front-line clinicians and the clients they serve. PMID:24400723

Jones, Deborah J.

2013-01-01

486

77 FR 33098 - Hours of Service of Drivers of Commercial Motor Vehicles; Regulatory Guidance for Oilfield Exception  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...equipment for use in servicing the well operations. In...pipelines, and servicing of the field operations...constructed to service oil wells, ``on-duty...What does ``servicing'' of the field...of oil and gas well sites, to...

2012-06-05

487

33 CFR 104.106 - Passenger access area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...access area. (a) A ferry, passenger vessel, or cruise ship may designate areas within the vessel as passenger access...for access control, of a ferry, passenger vessel, or cruise ship that is open to passengers. It is not a secure...

2010-07-01

488

Child Passenger Safety http://passengersafety.tamu.edu  

E-print Network

awarded through the Texas Department of Transportation. Passenger Safety conducts the National HighwayChild Passenger Safety http://passengersafety.tamu.edu http://buckleup.tamu.edu The Passenger by child restraints (child safety seats or adult seat belts) for children under the age of 5 in passenger

489

Thermal Analysis and Test Program to Evaluate Passenger Compartment Thermal Load Reduction and Improve: Cooperative Research and Development Final Report, CRADA number CRD-07-00231  

SciTech Connect

This activity supported a GM and NREL collaborative exploration of strategies to minimize and alleviate the temperature rise in the passenger compartment of an automobile during prolonged exposure to solar radiation in hot climates. It developed and exercised math-based models to simulate the air flow and thermal environment in the passenger compartment in order to compare the effectiveness of the strategies. This activity also assessed the strategies using vehicle tests.

Rugh, J.

2011-05-01

490

The impacts of traffic flow control on CO2 emissions from passenger cars using dynamic network model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the efficiency of advanced traffic management techniques in reducing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from passenger cars. Towards this goal, a microscopic traffic simulation model was built for Toronto to track individual vehicles' movements in detail for the duration of their entire trip. In order to predict the level of emissions, a simple and robust microscopic CO2 emissions

Chris Lee

2000-01-01

491

Policy effectiveness for road passenger transport emissions reductions across the world  

E-print Network

The effectiveness of policy for emissions reductions in private passenger road transport depends on its ability to incentivise consumers to make choices oriented towards lower emissions vehicles. However, car purchase choices are known to be strongly socially determined, and this sector is highly diverse due to significant socio-economic differences between consumer groups. Here, we present a comprehensive analysis of the structure of the 2012 private passenger vehicle fleet-years in six major economies across the World (UK, USA, China, India, Japan and Brazil) in terms of prices, engine sizes and emissions. This is done in order to evaluate the effectiveness of existing and possible fiscal and technological change policies for emissions reductions. We provide tools to understand and evaluate the effectiveness of policy taking account of the distributive structure of prices and emissions in segments of a diverse market, both for conventional as well as unconventional engine technologies. We furthermore explai...

Mercure, J -F

2014-01-01

492

Empirical Analysis of the Effects of Bus Stop Consolidation on Passenger Activity and Transit Operations  

E-print Network

Empirical Analysis of the Effects of Bus Stop Consolidation on Passenger Activity and Transit project at TriMet, the regional transit provider for the Portland, Oregon metropolitan area. The study of the transit service planning process. Both the budgetary resources of the transit provider and the travel

Bertini, Robert L.

493

ARKTRANS The Norwegian system framework architecture for multimodal transport systems supporting freight and passenger transport  

Microsoft Academic Search

ARKTRANS is the Norwegian system framework architecture for multimodal transport systems supporting freight transport as well as passenger transport. The project is established by Norwegian transport authorities and is co-funded by the Research Council of Norway. The authorities representing the four transport modes, road, sea, air, and railway as well as transport users and transport service providers have identical needs

Marit Natvig; Hans Westerheim; SINTEF ICT; Ivar Christiansen

494

Chains and Networks in Multimodal Passenger Transport. Exploring a design approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chain mobility is seen by many as a way to deal with the growing demand for mobility. The complexity of multimodal (passenger) transport systems and the involvement of many organizations with their own interests and priorities make it difficult to design a transport system that produces competitive chain mobility services. A design approach for improving multimodal transport systems from a

W. Bockstael-Blok

2001-01-01

495

Registrations and vehicle miles of travel of light duty vehicles, 1985--1995  

SciTech Connect

To obtain vehicle registration data that consistently and accurately reflect the distinction between automobiles and light-duty trucks, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) was asked by FHWA to estimate the current and historical vehicle registration numbers of automobiles and of other two-axle four-tire vehicles (i.e., light-duty trucks), and their associated travel. The term automobile is synonymous with passenger car. Passenger cars are defined as all sedans, coupes, and station wagons manufactured primarily for the purpose of carrying passengers. This includes taxicabs, rental cars, and ambulances and hearses on an automobile chassis. Light-duty trucks refer to all two-axle four-tire vehicles other than passenger cars. They include pickup trucks, panel trucks, delivery and passenger vans, and other vehicles such as campers, motor homes, ambulances on a truck chassis, hearses on a truck chassis, and carryalls. In this study, light-duty trucks include four major types: (1) pickup truck, (2) van, (3) sport utility vehicle, and (4) other 2-axle 4-tire truck. Specifically, this project re-estimates statistics that appeared in Tables MV-1 and MV-9 of the 1995 Highway Statistics. Given the complexity of the approach developed in this effort and the incompleteness and inconsistency of the state-submitted data, it is recommended that alternatives be considered by FHWA to obtain vehicle registration data. One alternative is the Polk`s NVPP data (via the US Department of Transportation`s annual subscription to Polk). The second alternative is to obtain raw registration files from individual states` Departments of Motor Vehicles and to decode individual VINs.

Hu, P.S.; Davis, S.C.; Schmoyer, R.L.

1998-02-01

496

Performance of a fully mechanical parking brake system for passenger cars  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to ensure that a vehicle remains stationary when it is parked at a certain road slope, the driver has to apply sufficient pulling force on the handbrake lever. Otherwise, the vehicle will start to rollaway where the torque generated by the parking brake system is lower that the torque required by the vehicle to remain stationary. This poses a danger situation not only to the vehicle's occupants but also to the people surrounding it. Thus, this paper aims to investigate performance of a typical parking brake system used in passenger cars. A theoretical model of drum-type parking brake system is derived and later being validated by test data that measured from the parking brake test bench. A good agreement is achieved between calculated and test results. Results from the model show that the parking brake system used in this work can hold the vehicle stationary at 11 degree slope less than 200 N of the applied force and thus it meets the regulation requirement, and also the vehicle will not rollaway even though there are four adult passengers inside it.

Rozaini, A. H.; Ishak, M. R.; Abu Bakar, A. R.; Mohd Zain, M. Z.

2013-12-01

497

49 CFR 176.76 - Transport vehicles, freight containers, and portable tanks containing hazardous materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...design. Otherwise, the transport vehicle or container must...conditions: (1) Small passenger vessels of 100 gross...6) Fumigated cargo transport units may only be transported...carrying more than 25 passengers; and (7) Fumigants...not be added to cargo transport units while on...

2013-10-01

498

49 CFR 176.76 - Transport vehicles, freight containers, and portable tanks containing hazardous materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...design. Otherwise, the transport vehicle or container must...conditions: (1) Small passenger vessels of 100 gross...6) Fumigated cargo transport units may only be transported...carrying more than 25 passengers; and (7) Fumigants...not be added to cargo transport units while on...

2014-10-01

499

49 CFR 176.76 - Transport vehicles, freight containers, and portable tanks containing hazardous materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...design. Otherwise, the transport vehicle or container must...conditions: (1) Small passenger vessels of 100 gross...6) Fumigated cargo transport units may only be transported...carrying more than 25 passengers; and (7) Fumigants...not be added to cargo transport units while on...

2012-10-01

500

49 CFR 176.76 - Transport vehicles, freight containers, and portable tanks containing hazardous materials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...design. Otherwise, the transport vehicle or container must...conditions: (1) Small passenger vessels of 100 gross...6) Fumigated cargo transport units may only be transported...carrying more than 25 passengers; and (7) Fumigants...not be added to cargo transport units while on...

2011-10-01