These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

Measured performance of a 1089 K (1500 deg F) heat storage device for sun-shade orbital missions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Tubes designed for a solar heat receiver to serve as an energy source for a Brayton power system were tested for 2002 hours and 1251 sun-shade cycles. The tubes were designed to transfer a constant thermal input to the Brayton system during an orbit. Excess solar energy during a sun period is stored as heat of fusion of lithium fluoride. The niobium - 1% zirconium tubes accommodate the 23 percent volume decrease of LiF during freezing. Test results showed slight, local distortions. The gas discharge temperature varied from 16 K (29 F) below to 28 K (50 F) above the nominal value of 1089 K (1500 F). The tube surface temperatures ranged from 1039 K (1410 F) to 1183 K (1670 F).

Namkoong, D.

1972-01-01

2

Evaluation of overheating protection with sun-shading systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sun-shading systems have to provide thermal and visual comfort both reliably and economically. At the same time, they should prevent unwanted solar gains in summer and permit high solar gains in winter. This paper describes a method to assess the overheating protection offered by different types of sun-shading systems together with the associated control strategy.The objective of the new method

Tilmann E Kuhn; Christopher Bühler; Werner J Platzer

2001-01-01

3

Sun Shading Diagrams for School Buildings. Educational Building Report 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides data on the angles governing the design of sunshading devices for educational buildings in the countries of the Asian region and gives examples of the ways in which these data can be used. Different methods of excluding direct sunlight from teaching spaces are illustrated in a series of diagrams that show exclusion by…

Mooij, D.

4

Optimal sun-shading design for enhanced daylight illumination of subtropical classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the feasibility of fitting windows with sun-shadings in order to minimize the lighting power costs in daylight-illuminated classrooms lit from a single side in subtropical regions. An IES-CPC model is created of a representative classroom in Taiwan, and a series of simulations is performed to determine the average illuminance value and the uniformity of the illuminance distribution

Ming-Chin Ho; Che-Ming Chiang; Po-Cheng Chou; Kuei-Feng Chang; Chia-Yen Lee

2008-01-01

5

Sun/shade conditions affect recruitment and local adaptation of a columnar cactus in dry forests  

PubMed Central

Background and Aims Facilitation among plants in water-limited environments (i.e. where evapotranspiration overcomes the availability of water during the growing season) has been considered a local adaptation to water and light conditions. Among cacti, early life-history stages can benefit from the facilitative effects of nurse plants that reduce solar radiation and water stress. However, whether light condition itself acts as an agent of selection through facilitation remains untested. The aim of this study was to determine (1) whether light conditions affect seedling recruitment, (2) whether the positive effect of shade on seedling recruitment is more intense under more stressful conditions and (3) whether shade condition (facilitation) reduces the magnitude of local adaptation on seedling recruitment relative to full sunlight conditions. Methods A reciprocal transplant experiment, coupled with the artificial manipulation of sun/shade conditions, was performed to test for the effects of local adaptation on germination, seedling survival and growth, using two demes of the columnar cactus Pilosocereus leucocephalus, representing different intensities of stressful conditions. Key Results Full sunlight conditions reduced recruitment success and supported the expectation of lower recruitment in more stressful environments. Significant local adaptation was mainly detected under full sunlight conditions, indicating that this environmental factor acts as an agent of selection at both sites. Conclusions The results supported the expectation that the magnitude of local adaptation, driven by the effects of facilitative nurse plants, is less intense under reduced stressful conditions. This study is the first to demonstrate that sun/shade conditions act as a selective agent accounting for local adaptation in water-limited environments, and that facilitation provided by nurse plants in these environments can attenuate the patterns of local adaptation among plants benefiting from the nurse effect. PMID:23223204

Miranda-Jácome, Antonio; Montaña, Carlos; Fornoni, Juan

2013-01-01

6

Light-scattering properties of a Venetian blind slat used for daylighting applications  

SciTech Connect

The low cost, simplicity, and aesthetic appearance of external and internal shading devices, make them commonly used for daylighting and glare-control applications. Shading devices, such as Venetian blinds, screens, and roller shades, generally exhibit light scattering and/or light redirecting properties. This requires the bi-directional scattering distribution function (BSDF) of the material to be known in order to accurately predict the daylight distribution and energy flow through the fenestration system. Acquiring the complete BSDF is not a straightforward task, and to complete the process it is often required that a model is used to complement the measured data. In this project, a Venetian blind slat with a white top surface and a brushed aluminum bottom surface was optically characterized. A goniophotometer and an integrating sphere spectrophotometer were used to determine the angle resolved and hemispherical reflectance of the sample, respectively. The acquired data were fitted to a scattering model providing one Lambertian and one angle dependent description of the surface properties. These were used in combination with raytracing to obtain the complete BSDFs of the Venetian blind system. (author)

Nilsson, Annica M. [Department of Engineering Sciences, Angstroem Laboratory, Uppsala University (Sweden); Jonsson, Jacob C. [Environmental Energy Technology Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA (United States)

2010-12-15

7

An investigation of the Venetian blind effect.  

PubMed

When a rectangular wave grating is binocularly viewed with a neutral density filter over one eye, an illusory rotation resembling that of a partially opened Venetian blind is perceived (Cibis and Haber, 1951). Using a binary classification task, in the first experiment, the probability of perceiving a rotation in a given direction was measured as a function of a factorial combination of inter-ocular contrast (see Note 1) and luminance ratios. The probability of a rotation in a given direction decreased monotonically with the luminance of the brighter bars when the grating contains a less than unity contrast. This result is inconsistent with (i) the model of the Venetian blind effect proposed by Cibis and Haber (1951), (ii) a mechanism based on irradiation with a compressive non-linearity (von Helmholtz, 1911/1924, pp. 186-193) and (iii) contemporary stereo-energy/cross-correlation models of stereopsis. In the second and third experiments, we tested the prediction that irradiation combined with an early compressive non-linearity in response implies a positive relationship between both the threshold contrast or average luminance disparity to perceive rotation and the magnitude of perceived rotation, and the blur width at the bar's edge. No support was found for the prediction. We propose an intensity difference model of the probability of perceiving a rotation in a given direction as a function of the interocular difference in luminance or contrast. PMID:21864465

Filley, E T; Khutoryansky, Natalie; Dobias, J J; Stine, Wm Wren

2011-01-01

8

9. SECOND FLOOR, STAIRHALL, LOOKING NORTHWEST. Venetian window in background ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. SECOND FLOOR, STAIRHALL, LOOKING NORTHWEST. Venetian window in background (see also SC-542-8). Stair railing is post-1865. - Elizabeth Barnwell Gough House, 705 Washington Street, Beaufort, Beaufort County, SC

9

DETAIL VIEW, WEST VENETIAN WINDOW IN SOUTH WALL. (NOTE THE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

DETAIL VIEW, WEST VENETIAN WINDOW IN SOUTH WALL. (NOTE THE IRON BARS ON THE CELLAR WINDOW BELOW. THIS WINDOW LETS ONTO WHAT WAS LIKELY THE ESTATE OFFICE DURING THE HAMILTONIAN RESIDENCY - The Woodlands, 4000 Woodlands Avenue, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

10

'England's Giorgione': Charles H. Shannon and Venetianism in Late Victorian Art  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation studies the paintings and lithographs of Charles Hazelwood Shannon within the context of British Venetianism. Shannon clearly derived many stylistic elements and figurative motifs from Venetian Renaissance art. By doing so, he was at once following a British tradition of Venetianism, and reformulating it for a modern era.\\u000aThe history of British Venetianism has not been a smooth

William Carlisle McKeown

2004-01-01

11

PROCUREMENT OF NAVAL SUPPLIES DURING THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY: VENETIAN ARSENALE AND THE OTTOMAN TERSANE COMPARED  

Microsoft Academic Search

In our preceding work, we studied shipbuilding with in the Venetian Arsenale and the Ottoman Tersane-i Amire during the long sixteenth century. Our work was informed by the conceptual and analytical tools of contemporary ind ustrial organization studies. We demonstrated that both the Venetians and the Ottomans produced highly similar ships in their impressively-scaled shipyards. However, when the comparison came

Eyüp Özveren; Onur Yildirim

12

Sun Part Sun Shade prairie gardening  

E-print Network

, butterflies, and insects, while birds enjoy ripe seeds. Indiangrass Sorghastrum nutans Seeds are enjoyed and butterflies. Great nectar source for moths. Prairie gardens can make an attractive, low butterflies. Seeds are enjoyed by birds. Flowers attract butterflies. Great nesting material and cover plant

Shyy, Wei

13

Geomorphological analysis of sinkhole and landslide hazard in a karst area of the Venetian Prealps- Italy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the pedemountain area of the Asiago Plateau (Venetian Prealps - NE Italy) sinkholes and landslides represent in many cases a complex response to karst processes. Field survey showed that both soil and bedrock are involved, mainly represented by colluvial-alluvial sediments and carbonate rocks. Preliminary observations also reveal the key role of piping and cave-collapse phenomena and the importance of

Valentina Tiberi

2010-01-01

14

Venetian Elections and Lot-based Voting Rules NICTA and UNSW  

E-print Network

the winner, the new Doge. In this paper, we study a family of voting rules inspired by this Venetian election based on these k votes. We study some normative properties of such lot-based rules. We also investigate to corruption of voters". Our contributions. In this paper, we report some prelimi- nary results on a family

Chen, Yiling

15

78 FR 40632 - Safety Zone; Venetian Fireworks; Kalamazoo Lake, Saugatuck, MI  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Safety Zone; Venetian Fireworks; Kalamazoo Lake, Saugatuck, MI AGENCY: Coast Guard...establishing a temporary safety zone on Kalamazoo Lake in Saugatuck, MI. This safety zone is...restrict vessels from a portion of Kalamazoo Lake due to a fireworks display. This...

2013-07-08

16

The Venetian lazarettos of Candia and the Great Plague (1592 - 1595).  

PubMed

The present study highlights the history of lazarettos in Candia (modern Heraklion, Crete, Greece), which was the most important Venetian possession in the Mediterranean at the time, while at the same time it recounts the terrible plague which went down in history as the Great Plague of Candia (1592-1595). The study will also attempt to give a satisfactory answer to the epidemiological questions raised by the worst epidemic that Crete had experienced since the era of the Black Death in the 14th century. The city was about to lose more than a half of its population (51.3%), although it was saved from complete annihilation by the composure, courage and inventiveness of its Venetian commander, Filippo Pasqualigo, whose report to the Venetian Senate makes an invaluable source of information regarding the events of this dramatic period. Candia would also witness the emergence of typical human reactions in cases of epidemics and mass deaths, such as running away along with the feeling of self-preservation, dissolute life and ephemeral pleasures, as well as lawlessness and criminality. The lazaretto proved inefficient in the face of a disaster of such scale, whereas the epidemic functioned as a "crash-test" for the Venetian health system. Eventually, in an era when the microbial nature of the disease was unknown, it seems that it was practically impossible to handle emergency situations of large-scale epidemics successfully, despite strict laws and well-organized precautionary health systems. PMID:24651095

Tsiamis, Costas; Thalassinou, Eleni; Poulakou-Rebelakou, Effie; Tsakris, Athanasios; Hatzakis, Angelos

2014-03-01

17

Venetian Rule and Control of Plague Epidemics on the Ionian Islands during 17th and 18th Centuries  

PubMed Central

During the 17th and 18th centuries, measures were taken by the Venetian administration to combat plague on the Ionian Islands. At that time, although the scientific basis of plague was unknown, the Venetians recognized its infectious nature and successfully decreased its spread by implementing an information network. Additionally, by activating a system of inspection that involved establishing garrisons along the coasts, the Venetians were able to control all local movements in plague-infested areas, which were immediately isolated. In contrast, the neighboring coast of mainland Greece, which was under Ottoman rule, was a plague-endemic area during the same period. We conclude that even in the absence of scientific knowledge, close observation and social and political measures can effectively restrain infectious outbreaks to the point of disappearance. PMID:19116047

Konstantinidou, Katerina; Mantadakis, Elpis; Sardi, Thalia; Samonis, George

2009-01-01

18

On the Borders: Surgeons and their Activities in the Venetian State (1540–1640)  

PubMed Central

Through the biographies of a dynasty of practitioners who were active in some of the mountainous villages of the Venetian Terraferma the article brings to light unknown aspects of the professional world of surgeons. Their activities were profoundly influenced by the economic and geographic peculiarities of the territory where they lived and worked. Provincial towns and their territories offered professional opportunities both to licensed and to non-university trained practitioners. However, it was generally in small villages, especially those situated in border areas and part of the main commercial networks, that surgeons preferred to establish their practices, thus supplementing the medical services supplied by the town. Normally their knowledge was largely empirical and was transmitted from father to son. The apprenticeship-based training does not appear alternative to the academic education typical of learned practitioners: much evidence points to the existence of ‘scientific autodidacts’, self-taught practitioners who possessed and read medical texts or had attended academic courses, even if only in part. Practising surgery in this area was a highly mobile activity, stretching from the village to the neighbouring valleys, and even to areas outside the boundaries of the city and across the border of the Venetian state. Surgeons, furthermore, were able to transfer their skills and knowledge across a range of different occupations such as shoemakers, leather workers and tailors, a fact that confirms their close ties with the local artisan milieu. PMID:25498439

Bartolini, Donatella

2015-01-01

19

The venetian-blind effect: a preference for zero disparity or zero slant?  

PubMed Central

When periodic stimuli such as vertical sinewave gratings are presented to the two eyes, the initial stage of disparity estimation yields multiple solutions at multiple depths. The solutions are all frontoparallel when the sinewaves have the same spatial frequency; they are all slanted when the sinewaves have quite different frequencies. Despite multiple solutions, humans perceive only one depth in each visual direction: a single frontoparallel plane when the frequencies are the same and a series of small slanted planes—Venetian blinds—when the frequencies are quite different. These percepts are consistent with a preference for solutions that minimize absolute disparity or overall slant. The preference for minimum disparity and minimum slant are identical for gaze at zero eccentricity; we dissociated the predictions of the two by measuring the occurrence of Venetian blinds when the stimuli were viewed in eccentric gaze. The results were generally quite consistent with a zero-disparity preference (Experiment 1), but we also observed a shift toward a zero-slant preference when the edges of the stimulus had zero slant (Experiment 2). These observations provide useful insights into how the visual system constructs depth percepts from a multitude of possible depths. PMID:24273523

Vlaskamp, Björn N. S.; Guan, Phillip; Banks, Martin S.

2013-01-01

20

On the Borders: Surgeons and their Activities in the Venetian State (1540-1640).  

PubMed

Through the biographies of a dynasty of practitioners who were active in some of the mountainous villages of the Venetian Terraferma the article brings to light unknown aspects of the professional world of surgeons. Their activities were profoundly influenced by the economic and geographic peculiarities of the territory where they lived and worked. Provincial towns and their territories offered professional opportunities both to licensed and to non-university trained practitioners. However, it was generally in small villages, especially those situated in border areas and part of the main commercial networks, that surgeons preferred to establish their practices, thus supplementing the medical services supplied by the town. Normally their knowledge was largely empirical and was transmitted from father to son. The apprenticeship-based training does not appear alternative to the academic education typical of learned practitioners: much evidence points to the existence of 'scientific autodidacts', self-taught practitioners who possessed and read medical texts or had attended academic courses, even if only in part. Practising surgery in this area was a highly mobile activity, stretching from the village to the neighbouring valleys, and even to areas outside the boundaries of the city and across the border of the Venetian state. Surgeons, furthermore, were able to transfer their skills and knowledge across a range of different occupations such as shoemakers, leather workers and tailors, a fact that confirms their close ties with the local artisan milieu. PMID:25498439

Bartolini, Donatella

2015-01-01

21

OFFICE WORKER PREFERENCES OF EXTERIOR SHADING DEVICES: A PILOT STUDY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Solar shading devices are commonly used in offices to reduce cooling loads and glare from windows, but they also affect daylighting and the view to the outside. In this study, the function and op- eration of an awning and an exterior venetian blind as well as their influence on the view out was assessed by fifty office workers. The preferred

Helena Bülow-Hübe

22

The impact of parent material, climate, soil type and vegetation on Venetian forest humus forms: a direct gradient approach  

E-print Network

1 The impact of parent material, climate, soil type and vegetation on Venetian forest humus forms and vegetation on forest humus forms was studied in the Veneto Region (northern Italy). A total of 352 study, warmer climate associated to lower elevation, lower soil acidity, deciduous (as opposed to coniferous

Boyer, Edmond

23

Wind-tunnel investigation of an NACA 23012 airfoil with 30 percent-chord venetian-blind flaps  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Report presents the results of an investigation made in the NACA 7 by 10-foot wind tunnel of a NACA 23012 airfoil with 30-percent-chord venetian-blind flaps having one, two, three, and four slats of Clark y section. The three-slat arrangements was aerodynamically the best of those tested but showed practically no improvement over the comparable arrangement used in the preliminary tests published in NACA Technical Report No. 689. The multiple-slat flaps gave slightly higher lift coefficients than the one-slat (Fowler) flap but gave considerably greater pitching-moment coefficients. An analysis of test data indicates that substitution of a thicker and more cambered section for the Clark y slats should improve the aerodynamic and the structural characteristics of the venetian-blind flap.

Rogallo, F M; Spano, Bartholomew S

1942-01-01

24

The Venetian Galley of Flanders: From Medieval (2-Dimensional) Treatises to 21st Century (3-Dimensional) Model  

E-print Network

THE VENETIAN GALLEY OF FLANDERS: FROM MEDIEVAL (2- DIMENSIONAL) TREATISES TO 21ST CENTURY (3-DIMENSIONAL) MODEL A Thesis by COURTNEY ROSALI HIGGINS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University... by COURTNEY ROSALI HIGGINS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS Approved by: Chair of Committee, Luis Filipe Vieira de Castro Committee...

Higgins, Courtney Rosali

2012-07-16

25

How the venetian blind percept emerges from the laminar cortical dynamics of 3D vision  

PubMed Central

The 3D LAMINART model of 3D vision and figure-ground perception is used to explain and simulate a key example of the Venetian blind effect and to show how it is related to other well-known perceptual phenomena such as Panum's limiting case. The model proposes how lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) and hierarchically organized laminar circuits in cortical areas V1, V2, and V4 interact to control processes of 3D boundary formation and surface filling-in that simulate many properties of 3D vision percepts, notably consciously seen surface percepts, which are predicted to arise when filled-in surface representations are integrated into surface-shroud resonances between visual and parietal cortex. Interactions between layers 4, 3B, and 2/3 in V1 and V2 carry out stereopsis and 3D boundary formation. Both binocular and monocular information combine to form 3D boundary and surface representations. Surface contour surface-to-boundary feedback from V2 thin stripes to V2 pale stripes combines computationally complementary boundary and surface formation properties, leading to a single consistent percept, while also eliminating redundant 3D boundaries, and triggering figure-ground perception. False binocular boundary matches are eliminated by Gestalt grouping properties during boundary formation. In particular, a disparity filter, which helps to solve the Correspondence Problem by eliminating false matches, is predicted to be realized as part of the boundary grouping process in layer 2/3 of cortical area V2. The model has been used to simulate the consciously seen 3D surface percepts in 18 psychophysical experiments. These percepts include the Venetian blind effect, Panum's limiting case, contrast variations of dichoptic masking and the correspondence problem, the effect of interocular contrast differences on stereoacuity, stereopsis with polarity-reversed stereograms, da Vinci stereopsis, and perceptual closure. These model mechanisms have also simulated properties of 3D neon color spreading, binocular rivalry, 3D Necker cube, and many examples of 3D figure-ground separation. PMID:25309467

Cao, Yongqiang; Grossberg, Stephen

2014-01-01

26

How the venetian blind percept emerges from the laminar cortical dynamics of 3D vision.  

PubMed

The 3D LAMINART model of 3D vision and figure-ground perception is used to explain and simulate a key example of the Venetian blind effect and to show how it is related to other well-known perceptual phenomena such as Panum's limiting case. The model proposes how lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) and hierarchically organized laminar circuits in cortical areas V1, V2, and V4 interact to control processes of 3D boundary formation and surface filling-in that simulate many properties of 3D vision percepts, notably consciously seen surface percepts, which are predicted to arise when filled-in surface representations are integrated into surface-shroud resonances between visual and parietal cortex. Interactions between layers 4, 3B, and 2/3 in V1 and V2 carry out stereopsis and 3D boundary formation. Both binocular and monocular information combine to form 3D boundary and surface representations. Surface contour surface-to-boundary feedback from V2 thin stripes to V2 pale stripes combines computationally complementary boundary and surface formation properties, leading to a single consistent percept, while also eliminating redundant 3D boundaries, and triggering figure-ground perception. False binocular boundary matches are eliminated by Gestalt grouping properties during boundary formation. In particular, a disparity filter, which helps to solve the Correspondence Problem by eliminating false matches, is predicted to be realized as part of the boundary grouping process in layer 2/3 of cortical area V2. The model has been used to simulate the consciously seen 3D surface percepts in 18 psychophysical experiments. These percepts include the Venetian blind effect, Panum's limiting case, contrast variations of dichoptic masking and the correspondence problem, the effect of interocular contrast differences on stereoacuity, stereopsis with polarity-reversed stereograms, da Vinci stereopsis, and perceptual closure. These model mechanisms have also simulated properties of 3D neon color spreading, binocular rivalry, 3D Necker cube, and many examples of 3D figure-ground separation. PMID:25309467

Cao, Yongqiang; Grossberg, Stephen

2014-01-01

27

Geomorphological analysis of sinkhole and landslide hazard in a karst area of the Venetian Prealps- Italy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the pedemountain area of the Asiago Plateau (Venetian Prealps - NE Italy) sinkholes and landslides represent in many cases a complex response to karst processes. Field survey showed that both soil and bedrock are involved, mainly represented by colluvial-alluvial sediments and carbonate rocks. Preliminary observations also reveal the key role of piping and cave-collapse phenomena and the importance of human remedial measures. Within study area, these processes cause damage mainly to agricultural and pasture activities and expose peoples and farm animals to very high hazards. This work provides preliminary results of geomorphological analysis carried out to define sinkhole and landslide hazard and his connections with karst processes. During first phases of the research program, an inventory of interesting phenomena has been elaborated employing GIS technologies. The database has been constantly revised and enriched with new field measurements and thematic maps (i.e. geomorphological, geo-structural, hydrogeological, caves development maps). Specifically, field survey focused on the morphodynamic definition of instability elements allowing to recognize a wide range of morphotypes (mainly with regard to sinkholes) and polygenic morphologies (i.e. mixed sinkholes-landslides configurations). Geomorphological analysis also revealed specific evolutionary trends of instability processes; they could be useful employed to program more effective mitigation strategies.

Tiberi, Valentina

2010-05-01

28

Preliminary wind-tunnel investigation of an NACA 23012 airfoil with various arrangements of venetian-blind flaps  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Report presents the results of an investigation made in the NACA 7 by 10-foot wind tunnel of a large-chord NACA 23012 airfoil with several arrangements of venetian-blind flaps to determine the aerodynamic section characteristics as affected by the over-all flap chord, the chords of the slats used to form the flap, the slat spacing, the number of slats and the position of the flap with respect to the wing. Complete section data are given in the form of graphs for all the combinations tested.

Wenzinger, Carl J; Harris, Thomas A

1940-01-01

29

Expression of 8-OHdG in Zosterisessor ophiocephalus from the Venetian lagoon, Italy  

PubMed Central

The aim of the present work was to evaluate the expression of 8-OHdG (8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine) in the benthic fish Zosterisessor ophiocephalus collected in two differently polluted sites of the Venetian lagoon (Porto Marghera and Caroman). We compared our data on 8-OHdG with those of CYP1A (Cytochrome P450, family 1, subfamily A, polypeptide 1), which is a well known biomarker for detoxification of contaminants. Immunohistochemistry with an antibody to 8-OHdG showed immunopositivity in nuclei of hepatocytes as well as in melanomacrophage centres of spleen and kidney, whereas an anti-CYP1A antibody exhibited positive immunostaining in the liver, kidney and ovary. The liver of males showed higher expression of both proteins than females. In animals from Porto Marghera site, the enzymatic assay for 8-OHdG exhibited higher levels in liver of males than in females. Western Blot analysis using the antibody anti-CYP1A recognized the presence of a band of about 60 kDa in the liver of males and females. Males exhibited a strong band, whereas in females the band showed a lower intensity. By using Real-Time PCR, the mRNA expression of CYP1A did not show any differences between males and females from each site, but it was at borderline significance level. Comparing the two sites, mRNA expression of CYP1A was significantly higher in the liver of both males and females from Porto Marghera than that of Caroman. The present data suggest that pollutants are bio-available as demonstrated by our biomarker analyses and may have a harmful effect on aquatic organisms such as Z. ophiocephalus. We report that the highest levels of hepatic 8-OHdG and CYP1A expression were detected in males, showing clear gender specificity. PMID:23549467

Negrato, E.; Vascellari, M.; Capolongo, F.; Binato, G.; Da Dalt, L.; Boscolo Papo, M.; Gioacchini, G.; Carnevali, O.; Bertotto, D.; Radaelli, G.; Pascoli, F.

2013-01-01

30

Venetian ships and seafaring up to the nautical revolution: a study based on artistic representations of ships and boats before ca. 1450  

E-print Network

VENETZAN SHIPS AND SEAFARING UP TO THE NAUTICAL REVOLUTION: A STUDY BASED ON ARTZSTIC REPRESENTATIONS OF SHIPS AND BOATS BEFORE CA. 1450 A Thesis by LILLIAN ELIZABETH RAy Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS May 1992 Major Subject: Anthropology VENETIAN SHIPS AND SEAFARING UP TO THE NAUTICAL REVOLUTION: A STUDY BASED ON ARTISTIC REPRESENTATIONS OF SHIPS AND BOATS BEFORE CA. 1450 A...

Ray, Lillian Elizabeth

1992-01-01

31

Orbitally induced limestone\\/marlstone rhythms in the Albian—Cenomanian Cismon section (Venetian region, northern Italy): Sedimentology, calcareous and siliceous plankton distribution, elemental and isotope geochemistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

A multidisciplinary study of the upper Albian—Cenomanian portion of the Cismon section (Venetian region, northern Italy) was undertaken in order to characterize the cyclic alternations of carbonate-rich and carbonate-poor layers and to investigate their possible origin and cyclic patterns. Limestone semicouplets are characterized by abundant radiolarians and micarbs (micron-sized calcitic fragments), common planktonic foraminifera, strong bioturbation, good oxygenation as expressed

A. Bellanca; M. Claps; E. Erba; D. Masetti; R. Neri; I. Premoli Silva; F. Venezia

1996-01-01

32

A review of "The Calendar of Venetian Opera. Song and Season: Scientific culture and theatrical time in Early Modern Venice" by Eleanor Selfridge-Field  

E-print Network

, but it also reminds us that the study of Jesuit history (by scholars both within and outside the order) is turning out to be one of the most rewarding avenues of cultural and historical scholarship. Eleanor Selfridge-Field. The Calendar of Venetian... time from place to place in pre-modern r e v i e w s 177 Europe. The ancient world had a tendency to begin the calendar year in the spring, in March; although the ancient Hebrews preferred the fall. The revised calendar of Julius Caesar began...

Litchfield, R. Burr

2008-01-01

33

Adjustments in epidermal UV-transmittance of leaves in sun-shade transitions.  

PubMed

Epidermal UV transmittance (TUV ) and UV-absorbing compounds were measured in sun and shade leaves of Populus tremuloides and Vicia faba exposed to contrasting light environments under field conditions to evaluate UV acclimation potentials and regulatory roles of photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) and UV in UV-shielding. Within a natural canopy of P. tremuloides, TUV ranged from 4 to 98% and showed a strong nonlinear relationship with mid-day horizontal fluxes of PAR [photon flux density (PFD)?=?6-1830?µmol?m?² ?s?¹]; similar patterns were found for V. faba leaves that developed under a comparable PFD range. A series of field transfer experiments using neutral-density shade cloth and UV blocking/transmitting films indicated that PAR influenced TUV during leaf development to a greater degree than UV, and shade leaves of both species increased their UV-shielding when exposed to full sun; however, this required the presence of UV, with both UV-A and UV-B required for full acclimation. TUV of sun leaves of both species was largely unresponsive to shade either with or without UV. In most, but not all cases, changes in TUV were associated with alterations in the concentration of whole-leaf UV-absorbing compounds. These results suggest that, (1) moderate-to-high levels of PAR alone during leaf development can induce substantial UV-protection in field-grown plants, (2) mature shade leaves have the potential to adjust their UV-shielding which may reduce the detrimental effects of UV that could occur following sudden exposures to high light and (3) under field conditions, PAR and UV play different roles in regulating UV-shielding during and after leaf development. PMID:23330642

Barnes, Paul W; Kersting, Anna R; Flint, Stephan D; Beyschlag, Wolfram; Ryel, Ronald J

2013-10-01

34

Middle Eocene Nummulites and their offshore re-deposition: A case study from the Middle Eocene of the Venetian area, northeastern Italy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Middle Eocene Calcari nummulitici formation from northeastern Italy, Venetian area, represents a shallow-marine carbonate ramp developed on the northern Tethyan margin. In the Monti Berici area, its main components are larger foraminifera and coralline red algal communities that constitute thick carbonate sedimentary successions. Middle ramp and proximal outer ramp environments are recognized using component relationships, biofacies and sedimentary features. The middle-ramp is characterized by larger flattened-lenticular Nummulites on palaeohighs between which rhodoliths formed. Larger Nummulites palaeohighs containing Nummulites millecaput, Nummulites crassus, Nummulites discorbinus and Nummulites cf. gizehensis developed more basin-wards. The following relatively quiet environments of basin-wards of the palaeohighs represent areas of maximum carbonate production. The transition between the distal middle- and the proximal outer-ramp settings is marked in the study area by a large erosional surface which is interpreted to have been formed as a result of an erosive channel body filled in by deposits re-sedimented from shallower depths. These off-shore re-sedimented channelized deposits, ascribed to the Shallow Benthic Zone SBZ 15, lying on hemipelagic marls (planktonic foraminiferal zone E9 (P11)) allow for a biostratigraphic correlation to the Late Lutetian. The studied deposits, represented by packstone to rudstones, were displaced whilst still unlithified. The Lutetian-Bartonian regression along with the local tectonic activity promoted the production of a high amount of biogenic shallow-water carbonates mainly produced in the Mossano middle-ramp settings. These prograded towards the basinal areas with high-sedimentation rate of carbonate deposits characterized by the larger Nummulites rudstones. Such high amounts of sediment led to sediment instability which potentially could be mobilized either by return currents due to occasional major storms or by earthquakes induced by tectonic activity. These will have led to the offshore re-deposition of the Nummulites sediments into deeper water setting via the observed channels. Since potential migration pathways are short, such distal re-sedimented channel-filled material surrounded by hemipelagic marls is optimally placed for the formation of potential subsurface oil reservoirs.

Bassi, Davide; Nebelsick, James H.; Puga-Bernabéu, Ángel; Luciani, Valeria

2013-11-01

35

Photonic Devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Covering every major photonic device, this textbook strikes a careful balance between theoretical and practical concepts. The devices it covers include optical fibers, couplers, electro-optic devices, magneto-optic devices, lasers and photodetectors. The book is well-suited as a text for senior undergraduate and graduate courses, as well as a device-driven engineering reference for professionals.

Liu, Jia-Ming

2005-05-01

36

Daydreaming Devices  

E-print Network

Daydreaming Devices is a project on aspects of daydream and the design of convertible furniture within the context of art. This thesis addresses the concepts and the design of two daydreaming devices developed during my ...

Da Ponte, Ana Sofia Lopes

2008-01-01

37

Electrochromic devices  

DOEpatents

An electrochromic device is disclosed having a selective ion transport layer which separates an electrochemically active material from an electrolyte containing a redox active material. The devices are particularly useful as large area architectural and automotive glazings due to there reduced back reaction.

Allemand, Pierre M. (Tucson, AZ); Grimes, Randall F. (Ann Arbor, MI); Ingle, Andrew R. (Tucson, AZ); Cronin, John P. (Tucson, AZ); Kennedy, Steve R. (Tuscon, AZ); Agrawal, Anoop (Tucson, AZ); Boulton, Jonathan M. (Tucson, AZ)

2001-01-01

38

Assistive Devices  

MedlinePLUS

... center provides information on VA benefits for assistive technology. Medicare ? Benefits may include assistive devices, such as ... a Web site that provides information about assistive technology products. Go to the “Products” section to find ...

39

Device Performance  

SciTech Connect

In the Device Performance group, within the National Center for Photovoltaic's Measurements and Characterization Division, we measure the performance of PV cells and modules with respect to standard reporting conditions--defined as a reference temperature (25 C), total irradiance (1000 Wm-2), and spectral irradiance distribution (IEC standard 60904-3). Typically, these are ''global'' reference conditions, but we can measure with respect to any reference set. To determine device performance, we conduct two general categories of measurements: spectral responsivity (SR) and current versus voltage (I-V). We usually perform these measurements using standard procedures, but we develop new procedures when required by new technologies. We also serve as an independent facility for verifying device performance for the entire PV community. We help the PV community solve its special measurement problems, giving advice on solar simulation, instrumentation for I-V measurements, reference cells, measurement procedures, and anomalous results. And we collaborate with researchers to analyze devices and materials.

Not Available

2006-06-01

40

Device modeling  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A summary report is given of the activities of the device modeling workshop which was held as a part of the Space Photovoltaic Research and Technology Conference at the Lewis Research Center, October 7 to 9, 1986. The purpose of this workshop was to access the status of solar cell device modeling to see if it is meeting present and future needs of the photovoltaic community.

Schwartz, Richard

1987-01-01

41

Microchannel devices  

SciTech Connect

The fabrication of stainless steel microchannel heat exchangers was examined through microlamination, the process of diffusion bonding precision machined metallic foils. The influence of diffusion bonding parameters, as well as the device geometry on the strength of the bond between the foils and embedded channel integrity, was investigated. During diffusion bonding, high temperatures and/or pressures result in well bonded foils, but these conditions cause the embedded channels to deform, which will degrade the efficiency of fluid flow through the channels. Alternatively, low temperatures and/or pressures result in undeformed channels but weakly bonded foils. This causes failure of the device due to fluid leakage. Thus, a processing envelope exists for producing a sound device with no fluid leakage and no degradation of fluid flow properties. The theoretical limit on aspect ratio within two-fluid counter-flow microchannel heat exchangers was also investigated. A counter-flow device is comprised of alternating layers of microchannels, which allow the two fluids to flow in opposite directions separated by fins. A theoretical model for interpreting the span of the fin as a function of the fin thickness was established. The model was verified experimentally by fabricating specimens to simulate the counter-flow device. The results of these investigations were used to aid in the design and processing of prototype microchannel devices.

Alman, David E.; Wilson, Rick D.

2001-09-01

42

Analytical Device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In the mid 60s under contract with NASA, Dr. Benjamin W. Grunbaum was responsible for the development of an automated electrophoresis device that would work in the weightless environment of space. The device was never used in space but was revived during the mid 70s as a technology utilization project aimed at an automated system for use on Earth. The advanced system became known as the Grunbaum System for electrophoresis. It is a versatile, economical assembly for rapid separation of specific blood proteins in very small quantities, permitting their subsequent identification and quantification.

1983-01-01

43

Listening Devices  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

We've covered most of the basics of how sound is produced and transmitted, but we've left something out, and that's all the electronic devices we use to amplify sound, reproduce it, or get it from one place to another. How exactly does a CD player work? How does a phone work? And how exactly do those two listening devices we carry on either side of our head work? No, not headphones, even though it might seem that some kids do have those permanently attached. The item in question is our ears.

Robertson, William C.

2003-01-01

44

Detection device  

DOEpatents

The present invention is directed to a detection device comprising: (1) an entrance chamber; (2) a central chamber; and (3) an exit chamber. The central chamber includes an ionizing gas, anode, and means for connecting the anode with an external power supply and pulse counter.

Smith, J.E.

1981-02-27

45

Cleaning devices  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Cleaning devices are described which include a vacuum cleaner nozzle with a sharp rim for directing incoming air down against the floor; a vacuum cleaner wherein electrostatically charged brushes that brush dirt off a floor, are electrically grounded to remove charges that could tend to hold dirt to the brushes; a vacuum cleaner head having slots that form a pair of counter-rotating vortices, and that includes an outlet that blows a stream of air at the floor region which lies between the vortices; a cleaning device that sweeps a group of brushes against the ground along a first direction, and then sweeps them along the same ground area but in a second direction angled from the first by an amount such as 90.degree., to sweep up particles lying in crevices extending along any direction; a device that gently cleans a surface to remove bacteria for analysis, including an inclined wall along which cleaning fluid flows onto the surface, a vacuum chamber for drawing in the cleaning fluid, and a dividing wall spaced slightly from the surface to separate the fluid source from the vacuum cleaner chamber; and a device for providing pulses of pressured air including a chamber to which pressured air is supplied, a ball that circulates around the chamber to repeatedly close an outlet, and an air source that directs air circumferentially to move the ball around the chamber.

Schneider, Horst W. (Inventor)

1981-01-01

46

Detection device  

DOEpatents

The present invention is directed to a detection device comprising: (1) an entrance chamber, (2) a central chamber, and (3) an exit chamber. The central chamber includes an ionizing gas, anode, and means for connecting the anode with an external power supply and pulse counter.

Smith, Jay E. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1984-01-01

47

Electrochemical device  

DOEpatents

A tunnel protected electrochemical device features channels fluidically communicating between manifold, tunnels and cells. The channels are designed to provide the most efficient use of auxiliary power. The channels have a greater hydraulic pressure drop and electrical resistance than the manifold. This will provide a design with the optimum auxiliary energy requirements.

Grimes, Patrick G. (Westfield, NJ); Einstein, Harry (Springfield, NJ); Bellows, Richard J. (Westfield, NJ)

1988-01-12

48

Terahertz devices and device modeling  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the present paper we review some of the present technologies of interest for terahertz (THz) applications, and the physics and modeling of ultra-high frequency devices such as high electron mobility transistors (HEMTs) which have achieved THz frequencies. We present results of full band Cellular Monte Carlo (CMC) physics based simulation of InP and GaN based HEMTs of current interest to industry, and in particular, we address the current limitations in their frequency response in terms of the material and device structure, and the ultimate limits of scaling for such technologies.

Soligo, R.; Saraniti, M.; Goodnick, S. M.

2014-06-01

49

Medical Device Reliability BIOMATERIALS  

E-print Network

-generation packaging, where conformal coatings will serve as the primary interface between the deviceMedical Device Reliability BIOMATERIALS Our goal is to provide medical device manufacturers, and consistency of active implantable medical devices. These devices, including pacemakers, cardiac defibrillators

50

Recent Medical Device Recalls  

MedlinePLUS

... Vaccines, Blood & Biologics Animal & Veterinary Cosmetics Tobacco Products Medical Devices Print this page Share this page E-mail this page Home Medical Devices Medical Device Safety Medical Device Recalls Medical Device ...

51

Laser device  

DOEpatents

A laser device includes a virtual source configured to aim laser energy that originates from a true source. The virtual source has a vertical rotational axis during vertical motion of the virtual source and the vertical axis passes through an exit point from which the laser energy emanates independent of virtual source position. The emanating laser energy is collinear with an orientation line. The laser device includes a virtual source manipulation mechanism that positions the virtual source. The manipulation mechanism has a center of lateral pivot approximately coincident with a lateral index and a center of vertical pivot approximately coincident with a vertical index. The vertical index and lateral index intersect at an index origin. The virtual source and manipulation mechanism auto align the orientation line through the index origin during virtual source motion.

Scott, Jill R. (Idaho Falls, ID); Tremblay, Paul L. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2008-08-19

52

OLED devices  

DOEpatents

An OLED device having an emission layer formed of an ambipolar phosphine oxide host material and a dopant, a hole transport layer in electrical communication with an anode, an electron transport layer in communication with a cathode, wherein the HOMO energy of the hole transport layer is substantially the same as the HOMO energy of the ambipolar host in the emission layer, and the LUMO energy of the electron transport layer is substantially the same as the LUMO energy of the ambipolar host in the emission layer.

Sapochak, Linda Susan [Arlington, VA; Burrows, Paul Edward [Kennewick, WA; Bimalchandra, Asanga [Richland, WA

2011-02-22

53

Diversionary device  

DOEpatents

A diversionary device has a housing having at least one opening and containing a non-explosive propellant and a quantity of fine powder packed within the housing, with the powder being located between the propellant and the opening. When the propellant is activated, it has sufficient energy to propel the powder through the opening to produce a cloud of powder outside the housing. An igniter is also provided for igniting the cloud of powder to create a diversionary flash and bang, but at a low enough pressure to avoid injuring nearby people.

Grubelich, Mark C. (Albuquerque, NM)

2001-01-01

54

Compare of Energy Efficiency of Windows in Aalborg and Chongqing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Focus on window's energy efficiency, this paper compared the difference of windows in Aalborg and Chongqing. The author analysed the designing process, the thermal insulation performances, the sun shading devices and the ventilation of windows in Aalborg and Chongqing respectively. Furthermore, the author explored the reasons for window problems in Chongqing, found out the main barriers to overcome and measures

Lin Zhenguo; Per Heiselberg; Runming Yao

55

Electrophoresis device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A device for separating cellular particles of a sample substance into fractionated streams of different cellular species includes a casing having a distribution chamber, a separation chamber, and a collection chamber. The electrode chambers are separated from the separation chamber interior by means of passages such that flow variations and membrane variations around the slotted portion of the electrode chamber do not enduce flow perturbations into the laminar buffer curtain flowing in the separation chamber. The cellular particles of the sample are separated under the influence of the electrical field and the separation chamber into streams of different cellular species. The streams of separated cells enter a partition array in the collection chamber where they are fractionated and collected.

Rhodes, P. H.; Snyder, R. S. (inventors)

1982-01-01

56

Optoelectronic device  

DOEpatents

The invention is an optoelectronic device comprising an active portion which converts light to electricity or converts electricity to light, the active portion having a front side for the transmittal of the light and a back side opposite from the front side, at least two electrical leads to the active portion to convey electricity to or from the active portion, an enclosure surrounding the active portion and through which the at least two electrical leads pass wherein the hermetically sealed enclosure comprises at the front side of the active portion a barrier material which allows for transmittal of light, one or more getter materials disposed so as to not impede the transmission of light to or from the active portion, and a contiguous gap pathway to the getter material which pathway is disposed between the active portion and the barrier material.

Bonekamp, Jeffrey E.; Boven, Michelle L.; Gaston, Ryan S.

2014-09-09

57

Medical Device Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... Vaccines, Blood & Biologics Animal & Veterinary Cosmetics Tobacco Products Medical Devices Print this page Share this page E-mail ... Medical Product Safety Network Emergency Situations (Medical Devices) Medical Device Safety Search the Medical Device Safety Section Medical ...

58

Operated device estimation framework  

E-print Network

protective device estimation algorithm which helps in identifying which protective devices have operated to clear a short circuit condition. The algorithm uses manufacturer’s device details, power quality data measured from substation monitoring devices...

Rengarajan, Janarthanan

2009-05-15

59

Remote Physical Device Fingerprinting  

Microsoft Academic Search

We introduce the area of remote physical device fingerprinting, or fingerprinting a physical device, as opposed to an operating system or class of devices, remotely, and without the finger- printed device's known cooperation. We accomplish this goal by exploiting small, microscopic deviations in device hardware: clock skews. Our techniques do not require any modification to the fingerprinted devices. Our techniques

Tadayoshi Kohno; Andre Broido; Kimberly C. Claffy

2005-01-01

60

Connector device for building integrated photovoltaic device  

SciTech Connect

The present invention is premised upon a connector device and method that can more easily electrically connect a plurality of PV devices or photovoltaic system components and/or locate these devices/components upon a building structure. It also may optionally provide some additional sub-components (e.g. at least one bypass diode and/or an indicator means) and may enhance the serviceability of the device.

Keenihan, James R.; Langmaid, Joseph A.; Eurich, Gerald K.; Lesniak, Michael J.; Mazor, Michael H.; Cleereman, Robert J.; Gaston, Ryan S.

2014-06-03

61

Recently Approved Devices  

MedlinePLUS

... Vaccines, Blood & Biologics Animal & Veterinary Cosmetics Tobacco Products Medical Devices Print this page Share this page E-mail this page Home Medical Devices Products and Medical Procedures Device Approvals and Clearances ...

62

Medical Device Safety  

MedlinePLUS

A medical device is any product used to diagnose, cure, or treat a condition, or to prevent disease. They range ... may need one in a hospital. To use medical devices safely Know how your device works. Keep instructions ...

63

Implantable CMOS Biomedical Devices  

PubMed Central

The results of recent research on our implantable CMOS biomedical devices are reviewed. Topics include retinal prosthesis devices and deep-brain implantation devices for small animals. Fundamental device structures and characteristics as well as in vivo experiments are presented. PMID:22291554

Ohta, Jun; Tokuda, Takashi; Sasagawa, Kiyotaka; Noda, Toshihiko

2009-01-01

64

Reprocessing of Reusable Medical Devices  

MedlinePLUS

... Vaccines, Blood & Biologics Animal & Veterinary Cosmetics Tobacco Products Medical Devices Print this page Share this page E-mail ... Reusable Medical Devices or Reprocessing Reprocessing of Reusable Medical Devices Reusable medical devices are devices that health care ...

65

Device Development Process  

MedlinePLUS

... Development Process The Device Development Process Fast Track, Breakthrough Therapy, Accelerated Approval and Priority Review Learn About ... Development Process The Device Development Process Fast Track, Breakthrough Therapy, Accelerated Approval and Priority Review + Learn About ...

66

Bipolar thermoelectric devices  

E-print Network

The work presented here is a theoretical and experimental study of heat production and transport in bipolar electrical devices, with detailed treatment of thermoelectric effects. Both homojunction and heterojunction devices ...

Pipe, Kevin P. (Kevin Patrick), 1976-

2004-01-01

67

Sealed container sampling device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Sampling device, by means of a tapered needle, pierces a sealed container while maintaining the seal and either evacuates or pressurizes the container. This device has many applications in the chemical, preservative and battery-manufacturing industries.

Hennigan, T. J.

1969-01-01

68

Devices for hearing loss  

MedlinePLUS

... up the sounds you want to hear. Assistive listening devices bring certain sounds directly to your ears. ... music player directly to your inner ear. Many listening devices now work through a wireless link and ...

69

Radiological Exposure Device  

MedlinePLUS

... Device? The dangers of a RED depend on three factors: 1) the type and amount of radioactive material used; 2) how long a person spends near the device; and 3) what parts of a person's body are exposed ...

70

Pulse detecting device  

DOEpatents

A device for measuring particle flux comprises first and second photodiode detectors for receiving flux from a source and first and second outputs for producing first and second signals representing the flux incident to the detectors. The device is capable of reducing the first output signal by a portion of the second output signal, thereby enhancing the accuracy of the device. Devices in accordance with the invention may measure distinct components of flux from a single source or fluxes from several sources.

Riggan, W.C.

1984-01-01

71

Overview of nanoelectronic devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an overview of research developments toward nanometer-scale electronic switching devices for use in building ultra-densely integrated electronic computers. Specifically, two classes of alternatives to the field-effect transistor are considered: (1) quantum-effect and single-electron solid-state devices and (2) molecular electronic devices. A taxonomy of devices in each class is provided, operational principles are described and compared for the

DAVID GOLDHABER-GORDON; MICHAEL S. MONTEMERLO; J. CHRISTOPHER LOVE; GREGORY J. OPITECK; JAMES C. ELLENBOGEN

1997-01-01

72

Immunotoxicity of Medical Devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Determination of the ability of a medical device to interact with the immune system currently involves assessment of the immunogenic potential and biocompatibility of the device or an extract of the device. However, implants are often in the body for extended periods of time and\\/or are placed by a surgical procedure that in and of itself will generate an acute

Kathleen Rodgers; Paal Klykken; Joshua Jacobs; Carmelita Frondoza; Vesna Tomazic; Judith Zelikoff

1997-01-01

73

Surface acoustic wave devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper outlines the design features, principles of operation, fabrication, and electronic applications of surface acoustic wave (SAW) devices. Surface acoustic waves can exist in any elastic medium at its surface, and devices using these waves are made on piezoelectric media having a preferred direction of propagation. A SAW device usually consists of the SAW element on its substrate plus

R. D. Kennedy

1977-01-01

74

Portable data collection device  

DOEpatents

The present invention provides a portable data collection device that has a variety of sensors that are interchangeable with a variety of input ports in the device. The various sensors include a data identification feature that provides information to the device regarding the type of physical data produced by each sensor and therefore the type of sensor itself. The data identification feature enables the device to locate the input port where the sensor is connected and self adjust when a sensor is removed or replaced. The device is able to collect physical data, whether or not a function of a time. 7 figs.

French, P.D.

1996-06-11

75

Portable data collection device  

DOEpatents

The present invention provides a portable data collection device that has a variety of sensors that are interchangeable with a variety of input ports in the device. The various sensors include a data identification feature that provides information to the device regarding the type of physical data produced by each sensor and therefore the type of sensor itself. The data identification feature enables the device to locate the input port where the sensor is connected and self adjust when a sensor is removed or replaced. The device is able to collect physical data, whether or not a function of a time.

French, Patrick D. (Aurora, CO)

1996-01-01

76

Active cleaning technique device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objective of this program was to develop a laboratory demonstration model of an active cleaning technique (ACT) device. The principle of this device is based primarily on the technique for removing contaminants from optical surfaces. This active cleaning technique involves exposing contaminated surfaces to a plasma containing atomic oxygen or combinations of other reactive gases. The ACT device laboratory demonstration model incorporates, in addition to plasma cleaning, the means to operate the device as an ion source for sputtering experiments. The overall ACT device includes a plasma generation tube, an ion accelerator, a gas supply system, a RF power supply and a high voltage dc power supply.

Shannon, R. L.; Gillette, R. B.

1973-01-01

77

Heat exchange device  

SciTech Connect

A heat exchange device is adapted to recover heat from the fire box of a wood burning stove or the like for heating ambient air in a room or other enclosed space. The heat exchange device is adapted to mount in a recess in a stove top in place of a lid which is normally supplied with the stove. The device according to the invention includes heat exchange means which extend into the fire box of the stove below the top surface thereof. The heat from the heat exchange device is transmitted into a main cavity of the device where the heat is transferred to air forced through the main cavity by a blower mounted to an outside surface of the device. Air exit means are provided on a surface opposite to the surface on which the blower is mounted to provide a passage for heated air into the room or other enclosed space to be heated. The device may also include a top mounted isolated handle for ease in handling the device such as for moving from one area to another. In a second embodiment of the device, a high temperature heat exchange glass plate is mounted on the surface of the device which is in contact with the fire box. Heat is transmitted by heat exchange plate to the main cavity of the device where the air is heated and blown into the room as above.

Callison, G.

1984-01-17

78

Smart portable rehabilitation devices  

PubMed Central

Background The majority of current portable orthotic devices and rehabilitative braces provide stability, apply precise pressure, or help maintain alignment of the joints with out the capability for real time monitoring of the patient's motions and forces and without the ability for real time adjustments of the applied forces and motions. Improved technology has allowed for advancements where these devices can be designed to apply a form of tension to resist motion of the joint. These devices induce quicker recovery and are more effective at restoring proper biomechanics and improving muscle function. However, their shortcoming is in their inability to be adjusted in real-time, which is the most ideal form of a device for rehabilitation. This introduces a second class of devices beyond passive orthotics. It is comprised of "active" or powered devices, and although more complicated in design, they are definitely the most versatile. An active or powered orthotic, usually employs some type of actuator(s). Methods In this paper we present several new advancements in the area of smart rehabilitation devices that have been developed by the Northeastern University Robotics and Mechatronics Laboratory. They are all compact, wearable and portable devices and boast re-programmable, real time computer controlled functions as the central theme behind their operation. The sensory information and computer control of the three described devices make for highly efficient and versatile systems that represent a whole new breed in wearable rehabilitation devices. Their applications range from active-assistive rehabilitation to resistance exercise and even have applications in gait training. The three devices described are: a transportable continuous passive motion elbow device, a wearable electro-rheological fluid based knee resistance device, and a wearable electrical stimulation and biofeedback knee device. Results Laboratory tests of the devices demonstrated that they were able to meet their design objectives. The prototypes of portable rehabilitation devices presented here did demonstrate that these concepts are capable of the performance their commercially available but non-portable counterparts exhibit. Conclusion Smart, portable devices with the ability for real time monitoring and adjustment open a new era in rehabilitation where the recovery process could be dramatically improved. PMID:16011801

Mavroidis, Constantinos; Nikitczuk, Jason; Weinberg, Brian; Danaher, Gil; Jensen, Katherine; Pelletier, Philip; Prugnarola, Jennifer; Stuart, Ryan; Arango, Roberto; Leahey, Matt; Pavone, Robert; Provo, Andrew; Yasevac, Dan

2005-01-01

79

Barrier breaching device  

DOEpatents

A barrier breaching device that is designed primarily for opening holes in interior walls of buildings uses detonating fuse for explosive force. The fuse acts as the ribs or spokes of an umbrella-like device that may be opened up to form a cone. The cone is placed against the wall so that detonating fuse that rings the base of the device and which is ignited by the spoke-like fuses serves to cut a circular hole in the wall.

Honodel, Charles A. (Tracy, CA)

1985-01-01

80

Barrier breaching device  

DOEpatents

A barrier breaching device that is designed primarily for opening holes in interior walls of buildings uses detonating fuse for explosive force. The fuse acts as the ribs or spokes of an umbrella-like device that may be opened up to form a cone. The cone is placed against the wall so that detonating fuse that rings the base of the device and which is ignited by the spoke-like fuses serves to cut a circular hole in the wall.

Honodel, C.A.

1983-06-01

81

Interconnected semiconductor devices  

DOEpatents

Semiconductor layer and conductive layer formed on a flexible substrate, divided into individual devices and interconnected with one another in series by interconnection layers and penetrating terminals.

Grimmer, Derrick P. (White Bear Lake, MN); Paulson, Kenneth R. (North St. Paul, MN); Gilbert, James R. (St. Paul, MN)

1990-10-23

82

Active multistable twisting device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Two similarly shaped, such as rectangular, shells are attached to one another such that they form a resulting thin airfoil-like structure. The resulting device has at least two stable equilibrium shapes. The device can be transformed from one shape to another with a snap-through action. One or more actuators can be used to effect the snap-through; i.e., transform the device from one stable shape to another. Power to the actuators is needed only to transform the device from one shape to another.

Schultz, Marc R. (Inventor)

2008-01-01

83

Preloaded latching device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A latching device is disclosed which is lever operated sequentially to actuate a set of collet fingers to provide a radial expansion and to actuate a force mechanism to provide a compressive gripping force for attaching first and second devices to one another. The latching device includes a body member having elongated collet fingers which, in a deactuated condition, is insertable through bores on the first and second devices so that gripping terminal portions on the collet fingers are proximate to the end of the bore of the first device while a spring assembly on the body member is located proximate to the outer surface of a second device. A lever is rotatable through 90 deg to move a latching rod to sequentially actuate and expand collet fingers and to actuate the spring assembly by compressing it. During the first 30 deg of movement of the lever, the collet fingers are actuated by the latching rod to provide a radial expansion and during the last 60 deg of movement of the lever, the spring assembly acts as a force mechanism and is actuated to develop a compressive latching force on the devices. The latching rod and lever are connected by a camming mechanism. The amount of spring force in the spring assembly can be adjusted; the body member can be permanently attached by a telescoping assembly to one of the devices; and the structure can be used as a pulling device for removing annular bearings or the like from blind bores.

Wesselski, Clarence J. (inventor); Nagy, Kornel (inventor)

1992-01-01

84

High voltage thin layer devices (RESURF devices)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The application of a somewhat unusual diode structure opens the possibility to make novel kinds of high voltage devices even with very thin epitaxial or implanted layers. In the new structures crucial changes in the electric field distribution take place at or at least near the surface. The acronym RESURF (REduced SURface Field) was chosen.

J. A. Appels; H. M. J. Vaes

1979-01-01

85

Capillary interconnect device  

DOEpatents

An interconnecting device for connecting a plurality of first fluid-bearing conduits to a corresponding plurality of second fluid-bearing conduits thereby providing fluid communication between the first fluid-bearing conduits and the second fluid-bearing conduits. The device includes a manifold and one or two ferrule plates that are held by compressive axial forces.

Renzi, Ronald F

2013-11-19

86

Microfabricated particle focusing device  

DOEpatents

A microfabricated particle focusing device comprises an acoustic portion to preconcentrate particles over large spatial dimensions into particle streams and a dielectrophoretic portion for finer particle focusing into single-file columns. The device can be used for high throughput assays for which it is necessary to isolate and investigate small bundles of particles and single particles.

Ravula, Surendra K.; Arrington, Christian L.; Sigman, Jennifer K.; Branch, Darren W.; Brener, Igal; Clem, Paul G.; James, Conrad D.; Hill, Martyn; Boltryk, Rosemary June

2013-04-23

87

Fluid flow control device  

Microsoft Academic Search

This patent describes a fluid flow control device operable in a gas purge mode, liquid flow mode or backflow restriction mode for use with a fluid circulating system including a pump to selectively control the direction of fluid flow through the fluid circulating system. The fluid flow control device comprises: a valve body including a lower fluid chamber and an

D. F. Bailey; W. F. Jr. Morrison

1991-01-01

88

Device for removing blackheads  

DOEpatents

A device for removing blackheads from pores in the skin having a elongated handle with a spoon shaped portion mounted on one end thereof, the spoon having multiple small holes piercing therethrough. Also covered is method for using the device to remove blackheads.

Berkovich, Tamara (116 N. Wetherly Dr., Suite 115, Los Angeles, CA)

1995-03-07

89

EPICS GPIB device support  

SciTech Connect

A GPIB device support module is used to provide access to the operating parameters of a GPIB device. GPIB devices may be accessed via National Instruments 1014 cards or via Bitbus Universal Gateways. GPIB devices typically have many parameters, each of which may be thought of in terms of the standard types of database records available in EPICS. It is the job of the device support module designer to decide how the mapping of these parameters will be made to the available record types. Once this mapping is complete, the device support module may be written. The writing of the device support module consists primarily of the construction of a parameter table. This table is used to associate the database record types with the operating parameters of the GPIB instrument. Other aspects of module design include the handling of SRQ events and errors. SRQ events are made available to the device support module if so desired. The processing of an SRQ event is completely up to the designer of the module. They may be ignored, tied to event based record processing, or anything else the designer wishes. Error conditions may be handled in a similar fashion.

Winans, J.

1993-09-24

90

Self-actuated device  

DOEpatents

A self-actuated device, of particular use as a valve or an orifice for nuclear reactor fuel and blanket assemblies, in which a gas produced by a neutron induced nuclear reaction gradually accumulates as a function of neutron fluence. The gas pressure increase occasioned by such accumulation of gas is used to actuate the device.

Hecht, Samuel L. (Richland, WA)

1984-01-01

91

STORM INLET FILTRATION DEVICE  

EPA Science Inventory

Five field tests were conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of the Storm and Groundwater Enhancement Systems (SAGES) device for removing contaminants from stormwater. The SAGES device is a three-stage filtering system that could be used as a best management practices (BMP) retr...

92

Engine emission control device  

Microsoft Academic Search

An air pollution control device is described for use with automobile engines for filtering crankcase and exhaust emissions. The device comprises a filtering chamber containing fluid coated filtering material having an inlet of a first diameter, an outlet of a second, larger diameter to cause a decrease in internal pressure of the air-pollutant mixture entering through the inlet, a controlled

1980-01-01

93

Advanced resistive exercise device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The present invention relates to an exercise device, which includes a vacuum cylinder and a flywheel. The flywheel provides an inertial component to the load, which is particularly well suited for use in space as it simulates exercising under normal gravity conditions. Also, the present invention relates to an exercise device, which has a vacuum cylinder and a load adjusting armbase assembly.

Raboin, Jasen L. (Inventor); Niebuhr, Jason (Inventor); Cruz, Santana F. (Inventor); Lamoreaux, Christopher D. (Inventor)

2008-01-01

94

Dingo: taming device drivers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Device drivers are notorious for being a major source of failure in operating systems. In analysing a sample of real defects in Linux drivers, we found that a large propor- tion (39%) of bugs are due to two key shortcomings in the device-driver architecture enforced by current operat ing systems: poorly-defined communication protocols between drivers and the OS, which confuse

Leonid Ryzhyk; Peter Chubb; Ihor Kuz; Gernot Heiser

2009-01-01

95

Planar electrochemical device assembly  

DOEpatents

A pre-fabricated electrochemical device having a dense electrolyte disposed between an anode and a cathode preferably deposited as thin films is bonded to a porous electrically conductive support. A second porous electrically conductive support may be bonded to a counter electrode of the electrochemical device. Multiple electrochemical devices may be bonded in parallel to a single porous support, such as a perforated sheet to provide a planar array. Planar arrays may be arranged in a stacked interconnected array. A method of making a supported electrochemical device is disclosed wherein the method includes a step of bonding a pre-fabricated electrochemical device layer to an existing porous metal or porous metal alloy layer.

Jacobson, Craig P. (Lafayette, CA); Visco, Steven J. (Berkeley, CA); De Jonghe, Lutgard C. (Lafayette, CA)

2007-06-19

96

Planar electrochemical device assembly  

DOEpatents

A pre-fabricated electrochemical device having a dense electrolyte disposed between an anode and a cathode preferably deposited as thin films is bonded to a porous electrically conductive support. A second porous electrically conductive support may be bonded to a counter electrode of the electrochemical device. Multiple electrochemical devices may be bonded in parallel to a single porous support, such as a perforated sheet to provide a planar array. Planar arrays may be arranged in a stacked interconnected array. A method of making a supported electrochemical device is disclosed wherein the method includes a step of bonding a pre-fabricated electrochemical device layer to an existing porous metal or porous metal alloy layer.

Jacobson; Craig P. (Lafayette, CA), Visco; Steven J. (Berkeley, CA), De Jonghe; Lutgard C. (Lafayette, CA)

2010-11-09

97

Device for cutting protrusions  

DOEpatents

An apparatus for clipping a protrusion of material is provided. The protrusion may, for example, be a bolt head, a nut, a rivet, a weld bead, or a temporary assembly alignment tab protruding from a substrate surface of assembled components. The apparatus typically includes a cleaver having a cleaving edge and a cutting blade having a cutting edge. Generally, a mounting structure configured to confine the cleaver and the cutting blade and permit a range of relative movement between the cleaving edge and the cutting edge is provided. Also typically included is a power device coupled to the cutting blade. The power device is configured to move the cutting edge toward the cleaving edge. In some embodiments the power device is activated by a momentary switch. A retraction device is also generally provided, where the retraction device is configured to move the cutting edge away from the cleaving edge.

Bzorgi, Fariborz M. (Knoxville, TN)

2011-07-05

98

Venetian treacle and the foundation of medicines regulation  

PubMed Central

Mithridatium and the related product Theriac were both regarded from the time of their original formulations in the 2nd Century BC and the 1st Century AD respectively, until the mid 18th Century as universal panaceas. Any failure of these products to achieve the desired therapeutic result was attributed to defective composition or manufacture. As a result measures were introduced to ensure the quality of ingredients used in these products composition, the establishment of standard formulations and assurance of the competence of the manufacturer. Manufacture frequently was required to take place in public. Doubts about the efficacy of these panaceas arose in the mid 18th century and concerns of the adverse nature of interactions between the numerous ingredients surfaced in Heberden's treatise of 1745, as result of which these products disappeared from Editions of The London Pharmacopoeia after 1746. Subsequently, arising from these concerns for safety and efficacy, a call was made in 1799 for the establishment of a Public Committee of eminent physicians to scrutinise all new products prior to their launch to an gullible public. The concepts developed in the history of Mithridatium form the basis of modern medicines regulation. PMID:15327592

Griffin, J P

2004-01-01

99

Trigonometry via Mobile Device  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students investigate the relationships between angles and side lengths in right triangles with the help of materials found in the classroom and a mobile device. Using all or part of a meter stick or dowel and text books or other supplies, students build right triangles and measure the angles using a clinometer application on an Android® (phone or tablet) or iOS® device (iPhone® or iPad®). Then they are challenged to create a triangle with a given side length and one angle. The electronic device is used to measure the accuracy of their constructions.

Impart Ret Program

100

Automobile maneuvering device  

SciTech Connect

An automobile maneuvering device is described which consists of: a chassis comprising transport wheels for permitting movement of the device along the ground, a drive wheel operably rotatably connected to the chassis, and means for rotating the drive wheel, clamp means operably connected to the chassis and spaced from and opposed to the drive wheel, the chassis including means to move the clamp means to engage one portion of an automobile tire with the drive wheel engaged at another portion of the automobile tire, and means to actuate the rotating means, so that with rotation of the drive wheel the automobile tire is rotated and the automobile and device moved along the ground.

Ricciardi, R.

1987-08-18

101

Contamination sampling device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A contamination sample collection device has a wooden dowel with a cotton swab at one end, the cotton being covered by a nylon cloth and the wooden dowel being encapsulated by plastic tubing which is heat shrunk onto the dowel and onto a portion of the cotton swab to secure the cotton in place. Another plastic tube is heat shrunk onto the plastic that encapsulates the dowel and a portion of the nylon cloth to secure the nylon cloth in place. The device may thereafter be covered with aluminum foil protector. The device may be used for obtaining samples of contamination in clean room environments.

Delgado, Felix A. (Inventor); Stern, Susan M. (Inventor)

1998-01-01

102

Integrated optic device modeling  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The modern production of integrated optic devices (IOD) is impossible without integration of all its components into a unified system ranging from the coordination of device parameters to their sales. The integration of artificial intelligence methods, microtechnologies and modern communications helps create IODs of quite a new quality. Such systems are being developed and used in the production of electronic devices. They can be the basis for the development of automated systems in the IOD production. These automated technologies use a unified production cycle model system.

Konopaltseva, Lyudmila I.; Semerenko, Mikhael M.

1994-07-01

103

Rain sampling device  

DOEpatents

The present invention constitutes a rain sampling device adapted for independent operation at locations remote from the user which allows rainfall to be sampled in accordance with any schedule desired by the user. The rain sampling device includes a mechanism for directing wet precipitation into a chamber, a chamber for temporarily holding the precipitation during the process of collection, a valve mechanism for controllably releasing samples of said precipitation from said chamber, a means for distributing the samples released from the holding chamber into vessels adapted for permanently retaining these samples, and an electrical mechanism for regulating the operation of the device.

Nelson, Danny A. (Richland, WA); Tomich, Stanley D. (Richland, WA); Glover, Donald W. (Prosser, WA); Allen, Errol V. (Benton City, WA); Hales, Jeremy M. (Kennewick, WA); Dana, Marshall T. (Richland, WA)

1991-01-01

104

Corneal seal device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A corneal seal device is provided which, when placed in an incision in the eye, permits the insertion of a surgical tool or instrument through the device into the eye. The device includes a seal chamber which opens into a tube which is adapted to be sutured to the eye and serves as an entry passage for a tool. A sealable aperture in the chamber permits passage of the tool through the chamber into the tube and hence into the eye. The chamber includes inlet ports adapted to be connected to a regulated source of irrigation fluid which provides a safe intraocular pressure.

Baehr, E. F. (inventor)

1977-01-01

105

Wireless device monitoring systems and monitoring devices, and associated methods  

DOEpatents

Wireless device monitoring systems and monitoring devices include a communications module for receiving wireless communications of a wireless device. Processing circuitry is coupled with the communications module and configured to process the wireless communications to determine whether the wireless device is authorized or unauthorized to be present at the monitored area based on identification information of the wireless device. Methods of monitoring for the presence and identity of wireless devices are also provided.

McCown, Steven H; Derr, Kurt W; Rohde, Kenneth W

2014-05-27

106

Dielectrophoretically tunable optofluidic devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tunable optofluidic devices exhibit some unique characteristics that are not achievable in conventional solid-state photonic devices. They provide exciting opportunities for emerging applications in imaging, information processing, sensing, optical communication, lab-on-a-chip and biomedical engineering. A dielectrophoresis effect is an important physical mechanism to realize tunable optofluidic devices. Via balancing the voltage-induced dielectric force and interfacial tension, the liquid interface can be dynamically manipulated and the optical output reconfigured or adaptively tuned in real time. Dielectrophoretically tunable optofluidic devices offer several attractive features, such as rapid prototyping, miniaturization, easy integration and low power consumption. In this review paper, we first explain the underlying operation principles and then review some recent progress in this field, covering the topics of adaptive lens, beam steering, iris, grating, optical switch/attenuator and single pixel display. Finally, the future perspectives are discussed.

Xu, Su; Ren, Hongwen; Wu, Shin-Tson

2013-12-01

107

High temperature measuring device  

DOEpatents

A temperature measuring device for very high design temperatures (to 2,000.degree. C.). The device comprises a homogenous base structure preferably in the form of a sphere or cylinder. The base structure contains a large number of individual walled cells. The base structure has a decreasing coefficient of elasticity within the temperature range being monitored. A predetermined quantity of inert gas is confined within each cell. The cells are dimensionally stable at the normal working temperature of the device. Increases in gaseous pressure within the cells will permanently deform the cell walls at temperatures within the high temperature range to be measured. Such deformation can be correlated to temperature by calibrating similarly constructed devices under known time and temperature conditions.

Tokarz, Richard D. (West Richland, WA)

1983-01-01

108

Adhesion testing device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The present invention provides a testing apparatus and method for testing the adhesion of a coating to a surface. The invention also includes an improved testing button or dolly for use with the testing apparatus and a self aligning button hook or dolly interface on the testing apparatus. According to preferred forms, the apparatus and method of the present invention are simple, portable, battery operated rugged, and inexpensive to manufacture and use, are readily adaptable to a wide variety of uses, and provide effective and accurate testing results. The device includes a linear actuator driven by an electric motor coupled to the actuator through a gearbox and a rotatable shaft. The electronics for the device are contained in the head section of the device. At the contact end of the device, is positioned a self aligning button hook, attached below the load cell located on the actuator shaft.

LaPeyronnie, Glenn M. (Inventor); Huff, Charles M. (Inventor)

2010-01-01

109

Tribal Training -- Sediment Devices  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

USGS Research Hydrologist Art Horowitz and USGS Oklahoma Water Science Center Hydrologic Technician Ernie Smith describe streambed sediment collection devices for a Tribal training class at the Canadian River, Norman, Oklahoma....

110

Optical devices: A compilation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Technological developments in the field of optics devices which have potential utility outside the aerospace community are described. Optical instrumentation, light generation and transmission, and laser techniques are among the topics covered. Patent information is given.

1976-01-01

111

Multimaterial multifunctional fiber devices  

E-print Network

Optical fibers and semiconductor devices differ significantly in their properties and their processing approaches. The latter require an assembly of metal, insulator and semiconductor materials into complex geometries with ...

Sorin, Fabien

2008-01-01

112

Left ventricular restoration devices.  

PubMed

Left ventricular (LV) remodeling results in continuous cardiac chamber enlargement and contractile dysfunction, perpetuating the syndrome of heart failure. With current exhaustion of the neurohormonal medical paradigm, surgical and device-based therapies have been increasingly investigated as a way to restore LV chamber architecture and function. Left ventricular restoration has been attempted with surgical procedures, such as partial left ventriculectomy, surgical ventricular restoration with or without revascularization, and devices, such as the Acorn CorCap, the Paracor HeartNet, and the Myocor Myosplint. Whereas all these techniques require surgical access, with or without cardiopulmonary bypass, a newer ventricular partitioning device (VPD) called Parachute, can be delivered percutaneously through the aortic valve. Designed to achieve LV restoration from within the ventricle, this VPD partitions the LV by isolating aneurysmal from normal myocardium thereby diminishing the functioning cavity. This review aims to critically appraise the above methods, with particular attention to device-based therapies. PMID:24574107

Oliveira, Guilherme H; Al-Kindi, Sadeer G; Bezerra, Hiram G; Costa, Marco A

2014-04-01

113

Improvised Nuclear Device  

MedlinePLUS

... Improvised Nuclear Device (IND) is a type of nuclear weapon. When an IND explodes, it gives off four types of energy: a blast wave, intense light, heat, and radiation. The bomb dropped on Hiroshima, Japan, at the ...

114

Geometry and Cloaking Devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recently, the application of geometry and conformal mappings to artificial materials (metamaterials) has attracted the attention in various research communities. These materials, characterized by a unique man-made structure, have unusual optical properties, which materials found in nature do not exhibit. By applying the geometry and conformal mappings theory to metamaterial science, it may be possible to realize so-called "Harry Potter cloaking device". Although such a device is still in the science fiction realm, several works have shown that by using such metamaterials it may be possible to control the direction of the electromagnetic field at will. We could then make an object hidden inside of a cloaking device. Here, we will explain how to design invisibility device using differential geometry and conformal mappings.

Ochiai, T.; Nacher, J. C.

2011-09-01

115

Advanced underwater lift device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Flexible underwater lift devices ('lift bags') are used in underwater operations to provide buoyancy to submerged objects. Commercially available designs are heavy, bulky, and awkward to handle, and thus are limited in size and useful lifting capacity. An underwater lift device having less than 20 percent of the bulk and less than 10 percent of the weight of commercially available models was developed. The design features a dual membrane envelope, a nearly homogeneous envelope membrane stress distribution, and a minimum surface-to-volume ratio. A proof-of-concept model of 50 kg capacity was built and tested. Originally designed to provide buoyancy to mock-ups submerged in NASA's weightlessness simulators, the device may have application to water-landed spacecraft which must deploy flotation upon impact, and where launch weight and volume penalties are significant. The device may also be useful for the automated recovery of ocean floor probes or in marine salvage applications.

Flanagan, David T.; Hopkins, Robert C.

1993-01-01

116

Ferroelectric Light Control Device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A light control device is formed by ferroelectric material and N electrodes positioned adjacent thereto to define an N-sided regular polygonal region or circular region there between where N is a multiple of four.

Park, Yeonjoon (Inventor); Choi, Sang H. (Inventor); King, Glen C. (Inventor); Kim, Jae-Woo (Inventor); Elliott, Jr., James R. (Inventor)

2008-01-01

117

Radiological Dispersion Device (RDD)  

MedlinePLUS

... an RDD — often called “dirty nuke” or “dirty bomb” — is considered far more likely than use of ... combines a conventional explosive device — such as a bomb — with radioactive material. It is designed to scatter ...

118

Multimaterial rectifying device fibers  

E-print Network

Electronic and optoelectronic device processing is commonly thought to be incompatible with much simpler thermal drawing techniques used in optical fiber production. The incorporation of metals, polymer insulators, and ...

Orf, Nicholas D

2009-01-01

119

Atherectomy devices: technology update  

PubMed Central

Atherectomy is a procedure which is performed to remove atherosclerotic plaque from diseased arteries. Atherosclerotic plaques are localized in either coronary or peripheral arterial vasculature and may have different characteristics depending on the texture of the plaque. Atherectomy has been used effectively in treatment of both coronary and peripheral arterial disease. Atherectomy devices are designed differently to either cut, shave, sand, or vaporize these plaques and have different indications. In this article, current atherectomy devices are reviewed. PMID:25565904

Akkus, Nuri I; Abdulbaki, Abdulrahman; Jimenez, Enrique; Tandon, Neeraj

2015-01-01

120

Fluid velocity measuring device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A fluid velocity measuring device is described which, when placed in a freestream fluid flow, causes vortices to be formed at a frequency proportional to the flow rate of the fluid. Sensors on the device generate electric signals with frequency proportional to the rate of vortex creation and with relative mean amplitudes indicative of fluid flow direction. Electric circuitry translates the electric signals into indications of fluid speed and direction.

Thomas, D. F., Jr.; Williams, L. A., Jr. (inventors)

1978-01-01

121

-Based Thermoelectric Devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The impact of contact resistance on thermoelectric (TE) device performance grows more significant as devices are scaled down. To improve and understand the effects of contact resistance on bulk TE device performance, a reliable experimental measurement method is needed. There are many popular methods to extract contact resistance, but they are only well suited for measuring metal contacts on thin films and do not necessarily translate to measuring contact resistance on bulk TE materials. The authors present a measurement technique that precisely measures contact resistance on bulk TE materials by making and testing stacks of bulk, metal-coated TE wafers using TE industry-standard processes. An equation that uses the Z of the stacked device to extract the contact resistance is used to reduce the sensitivity to resistivity variations of the TE material. Another advantage of this technique is that it exploits realistic TE device manufacturing techniques and results in an almost device-like structure. The lowest contact resistivity measured was 1.1 × 10-6 ? cm2 and 1.3 × 10-6 ? cm2 for n- and p-type materials, respectively using a newly developed process at 300 K. The uncertainty in the contact resistivity values for each sample was 10% to 20%, which is quite good for measurements in the 10-6 ? cm2 range.

Gupta, Rahul P.; McCarty, Robin; Sharp, Jeff

2014-06-01

122

NVM Challenges in Medical Devices.  

E-print Network

??Electronic devices are gaining an increasing market share in the medical field. Medical devices are becoming more sophisticated, and encompassing more applications. Unlike consumer electronics,… (more)

Hag, Eslam E.

2010-01-01

123

Diamond Electronic Devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For high-power and high-voltage applications, silicon is by far the dominant semiconductor material. However, silicon has many limitations, e.g. a relatively low thermal conductivity, electric breakdown occurs at relatively low fields and the bandgap is 1.1 eV which effectively limits operation to temperatures below 175° C. Wide-bandgap materials, such as silicon carbide (SiC), gallium nitride (GaN) and diamond offer the potential to overcome both the temperature and power handling limitations of silicon. Diamond is the most extreme in this class of materials. By the fundamental material properties alone, diamond offers the largest benefits as a semiconductor material for power electronic applications. On the other hand, diamond has a problem with a large carrier activation energy of available dopants which necessitates specialised device concepts to allow room temperature (RT) operation. In addition, the role of common defects on the charge transport properties of diamond is poorly understood. Notwithstanding this, many proof-of-principle two-terminal and three-terminal devices have been made and tested. Two-terminal electronic diamond devices described in the literature include: p-n diodes, p-i-n diodes, various types of radiation detectors, Schottky diodes and photoconductive or electron beam triggered switches. Three terminal devices include e.g. MISFETs and JFETs. However, the development of diamond devices poses great challenges for the future. A particularly interesting way to overcome the doping problem, for which there has been some recent progress, is to make so-called delta doped (or pulse-doped) devices. Such devices utilise very thin (˜1 nm) doped layers in order to achieve high RT activation.

Isberg, J.

2010-11-01

124

Spectral tailoring device  

DOEpatents

A spectral tailoring device for altering the neutron energy spectra and flux of neutrons in a fast reactor thereby selectively to enhance or inhibit the transmutation rate of a target metrical to form a product isotope. Neutron moderators, neutron filters, neutron absorbers and neutron reflectors may be used as spectral tailoring devices. Depending on the intended use for the device, a member from each of these four classes of materials could be used singularly, or in combination, to provide a preferred neutron energy spectra and flux of the neutrons in the region of the target material. In one embodiment of the invention, an assembly is provided for enhancing the production of isotopes, such as cobalt 60 and gadolinium 153. In another embodiment of the invention, a spectral tailoring device is disposed adjacent a target material which comprises long lived or volatile fission products and the device is used to shift the neutron energy spectra and flux of neutrons in the region of the fission products to preferentially transmute them to produce a less volatile fission product inventory. 6 figs.

Brager, H.R.; Schenter, R.E.; Carter, L.L.; Karnesky, R.A.

1987-08-05

125

Fragment capture device  

DOEpatents

A fragment capture device for use in explosive containment. The device comprises an assembly of at least two rows of bars positioned to eliminate line-of-sight trajectories between the generation point of fragments and a surrounding containment vessel or asset. The device comprises an array of at least two rows of bars, wherein each row is staggered with respect to the adjacent row, and wherein a lateral dimension of each bar and a relative position of each bar in combination provides blockage of a straight-line passage of a solid fragment through the adjacent rows of bars, wherein a generation point of the solid fragment is located within a cavity at least partially enclosed by the array of bars.

Payne, Lloyd R. (Los Lunas, NM); Cole, David L. (Albuquerque, NM)

2010-03-30

126

Registration of Medical Devices  

PubMed Central

Globally the medical device (MD) market has been growing quite rapidly over the past decade. The regulatory framework for pharmaceuticals and devices differ substantially. The regulatory authorities in different regions of the world recognize different classes of medical devices (MDs), based on their design complexity, their use characteristics, and their potential for harm, if misused. With the vast majority of MDs in developing countries being imported, the respective governments need to put in place policies & regulations to address all elements related to MDs, ranging from its development, manufacturing, registration to post-marketing obligations & disposal so that public can have access to high quality, safe & affordable products for appropriate use. This article highlights current regulations pertaining to registration of MDs in India, in light of those existing in Global Harmonization Task Force (GHTF) member countries & Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries. PMID:21814626

George, Bobby

2010-01-01

127

Nonaqueous Electrical Storage Device  

DOEpatents

An electrochemical capacitor is disclosed that features two, separated, high surface area carbon cloth electrodes sandwiched between two current collectors fabricated of a conductive polymer having a flow temperature greater than 130.degree. C., the perimeter of the electrochemical capacitor being sealed with a high temperature gasket to form a single cell device. The gasket material is a thermoplastic stable at temperatures greater than 100.degree. C., preferably a polyester or a polyurethane, and having a reflow temperature above 130.degree. C. but below the softening temperature of the current collector material. The capacitor packaging has good mechanical integrity over a wide temperature range, contributes little to the device equivalent series resistance (ESR), and is stable at high potentials. In addition, the packaging is designed to be easily manufacturable by assembly line methods. The individual cells can be stacked in parallel or series configuration to reach the desired device voltage and capacitance.

McEwen, Alan B. (Melrose, MA); Evans, David A. (Seekonk, MA); Blakley, Thomas J. (Woburn, MA); Goldman, Jay L. (Mansfield, MA)

1999-10-26

128

Nonimaging radiant energy device  

DOEpatents

A nonimaging radiant energy device may include a hyperbolically shaped reflective element with a radiant energy inlet and a radiant energy outlet. A convex lens is provided at the radiant energy inlet and a concave lens is provided at the radiant energy outlet. Due to the provision of the lenses and the shape of the walls of the reflective element, the radiant energy incident at the radiant energy inlet within a predetermined angle of acceptance is emitted from the radiant energy outlet exclusively within an acute exit angle. In another embodiment, the radiant energy device may include two interconnected hyperbolically shaped reflective elements with a respective convex lens being provided at each aperture of the device.

Winston, Roland (Chicago, IL); Ning, Xiaohui (North Providence, RI)

1993-01-01

129

Nonimaging radiant energy device  

DOEpatents

A nonimaging radiant energy device may include a hyperbolically shaped reflective element with a radiant energy inlet and a radiant energy outlet. A convex lens is provided at the radiant energy inlet and a concave lens is provided at the radiant energy outlet. Due to the provision of the lenses and the shape of the walls of the reflective element, the radiant energy incident at the radiant energy inlet within a predetermined angle of acceptance is emitted from the radiant energy outlet exclusively within an acute exit angle. In another embodiment, the radiant energy device may include two interconnected hyperbolically shaped reflective elements with a respective convex lens being provided at each aperture of the device.

Winston, Roland (Chicago, IL); Ning, Xiaohui (North Providence, RI)

1996-01-01

130

Graphene field emission devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Graphene field emission devices are fabricated using a scalable process. The field enhancement factors, determined from the Fowler-Nordheim plots, are within few hundreds and match the theoretical predictions. The devices show high emission current density of ˜10 nA ?m-1 at modest voltages of tens of volts. The emission is stable with time and repeatable over long term, whereas the noise in the emission current is comparable to that from individual carbon nanotubes emitting under similar conditions. We demonstrate a power law dependence of emission current on pressure which can be utilized for sensing. The excellent characteristics and relative ease of making the devices promise their great potential for sensing and electronic applications.

Kumar, S.; Duesberg, G. S.; Pratap, R.; Raghavan, S.

2014-09-01

131

Percutaneous connector device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A device is reported for facilitating the passage of electrical signals from an external source through the skin of a patient to internal portions of the body such as muscles and nerves. The connector device includes a bio-compatible shell having an enlarged disk shaped portion for being implanted below the skin of the patient. The shell has a first and second electrically conductive post carried therein upon which a plug can be readily connected and disconnected. A modified form of the invention utilizes a unipolar connector that is adapted to be plugged into a shell implanted below the skin of a patient. Both of the connector devices are designed to be separated when a predetermined force is applied. This prevents excessive force from being applied to the implanted bio-compatible shell.

Parsons, W. E. (inventor)

1976-01-01

132

Ion manipulation device  

DOEpatents

An ion manipulation method and device is disclosed. The device includes a pair of substantially parallel surfaces. An array of inner electrodes is contained within, and extends substantially along the length of, each parallel surface. The device includes a first outer array of electrodes and a second outer array of electrodes. Each outer array of electrodes is positioned on either side of the inner electrodes, and is contained within and extends substantially along the length of each parallel surface. A DC voltage is applied to the first and second outer array of electrodes. A RF voltage, with a superimposed electric field, is applied to the inner electrodes by applying the DC voltages to each electrode. Ions either move between the parallel surfaces within an ion confinement area or along paths in the direction of the electric field, or can be trapped in the ion confinement area.

Anderson, Gordon A; Smith, Richard D; Ibrahim, Yehia M; Baker, Erin M

2014-09-16

133

Conformal gripping device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The present invention relates to a conformal gripping device. In an embodiment of the present invention a conformal gripper device may be disclosed comprising a frame that includes an array of movable pins. The device may also include a roller locking and unlocking system within the frame. The system may comprise a pair of locking rollers for each row of gripper pins to facilitate locking and unlocking the array of gripper pins on a column-by-column basis. The system may also include a striker element that may force the locking rollers to roll along an angled roll surface to facilitate unlocking of the array of pins on a column-by-column basis. The system may further include an electromagnetic actuator or solenoid and permanent magnets to facilitate movement of the striker element and the locking rollers.

Vranish, John M. (Inventor)

2009-01-01

134

Therapeutic devices for epilepsy.  

PubMed

Therapeutic devices provide new options for treating drug-resistant epilepsy. These devices act by a variety of mechanisms to modulate neuronal activity. Only vagus nerve stimulation (VNS), which continues to develop new technology, is approved for use in the United States. Deep brain stimulation of anterior thalamus for partial epilepsy recently was approved in Europe and several other countries. Responsive neurostimulation, which delivers stimuli to 1 or 2 seizure foci in response to a detected seizure, recently completed a successful multicenter trial. Several other trials of brain stimulation are in planning or underway. Transcutaneous magnetic stimulation (TMS) may provide a noninvasive method to stimulate cortex. Controlled studies of TMS are split on efficacy, which may depend on whether a seizure focus is near a possible region for stimulation. Seizure detection devices in the form of shake detectors via portable accelerometers can provide notification of an ongoing tonic-clonic seizure, or peace of mind in the absence of notification. Prediction of seizures from various aspects of electroencephalography (EEG) is in early stages. Prediction appears to be possible in a subpopulation of people with refractory seizures, and a clinical trial of an implantable prediction device is underway. Cooling of neocortex or hippocampus reversibly can attenuate epileptiform EEG activity and seizures, but engineering problems remain in its implementation. Optogenetics is a new technique that can control excitability of specific populations of neurons with light. Inhibition of epileptiform activity has been demonstrated in hippocampal slices, but use in humans will require more work. In general, devices provide useful palliation for otherwise uncontrollable seizures, but with a different risk profile than with most drugs. Optimizing the place of devices in therapy for epilepsy will require further development and clinical experience. PMID:22367987

Fisher, Robert S

2012-02-01

135

Precision alignment device  

DOEpatents

Apparatus for providing automatic alignment of beam devices having an associated structure for directing, collimating, focusing, reflecting, or otherwise modifying the main beam. A reference laser is attached to the structure enclosing the main beam producing apparatus and produces a reference beam substantially parallel to the main beam. Detector modules containing optical switching devices and optical detectors are positioned in the path of the reference beam and are effective to produce an electrical output indicative of the alignment of the main beam. This electrical output drives servomotor operated adjustment screws to adjust the position of elements of the structure associated with the main beam to maintain alignment of the main beam. 5 figs.

Jones, N.E.

1988-03-10

136

Portable emittance measurement device  

SciTech Connect

In Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics (ITEP) the portable emittance measurements device is developed. It provides emittance measurements both with ''pepper-pot'' and ''two slits'' methods. Depending on the method of measurements, either slits or pepper-pot mask with scintillator are mounted on the two activators and are installed in two standard Balzer's cross chamber with CF-100 flanges. To match the angle resolution for measured beam, the length of the stainless steel pipe between two crosses changes is adjusted. The description of the device and results of emittance measurements at the ITEP ion source test bench are presented.

Liakin, D.; Seleznev, D.; Orlov, A.; Kuibeda, R.; Kropachev, G.; Kulevoy, T.; Yakushin, P. [Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow 117218 (Russian Federation)

2010-02-15

137

Semiconductor structure and devices  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Semiconductor devices such as lasers which include a substrate with a channel therein with a clad layer overlying the substrate and filling the channel exhibit irregularities such as terraces in the surface of the clad layer which are detrimental to device performance. These irregularities are substantially eliminated by forming the channel in a surface of a buffer layer greater than about 4 micrometers thick on the substrate and forming the clad layer over the buffer layer and the channel. CW lasers incorporating the principles of the invention exhibit the highest output power in a single spatial mode and maximum output power which have been observed to date.

Dinkel, Nancy A. (Inventor); Goldstein, Bernard (Inventor); Ettenberg, Michael (Inventor)

1987-01-01

138

Pyroelectric devices and materials  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The physics of pyroelectric detectors is reviewed, including a discussion of response and electronic noise and their dependence on device design and material parameters. Other sources of noise are described, particularly as generated by environmental effects such as microphony, together with techniques for their minimization. The range of ferroelectric materials which have been assessed for use in pyroelectric detectors is reviewed and their properties compared, particularly from the aspect of application to different types of device. Finally, an account is given of the wide range of applications for which pyroelectric detectors have been used, including a detailed description of both the pyroelectric vidicon and pyroelectric arrays and their application to thermal imagers.

Whatmore, R. W.

1986-12-01

139

Device Oriented Project Controller  

SciTech Connect

This proposal is directed at the issue of developing control systems for very large HEP projects. A de-facto standard in accelerator control is the Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System (EPICS), which has been applied successfully to many physics projects. EPICS is a channel based system that requires that each channel of each device be configured and controlled. In Phase I, the feasibility of a device oriented extension to the distributed channel database was demonstrated by prototyping a device aware version of an EPICS I/O controller that functions with the current version of the channel access communication protocol. Extensions have been made to the grammar to define the database. Only a multi-stage position controller with limit switches was developed in the demonstration, but the grammar should support a full range of functional record types. In phase II, a full set of record types will be developed to support all existing record types, a set of process control functions for closed loop control, and support for experimental beam line control. A tool to configure these records will be developed. A communication protocol will be developed or extensions will be made to Channel Access to support introspection of components of a device. Performance bench marks will be made on both communication protocol and the database. After these records and performance tests are under way, a second of the grammar will be undertaken.

Dalesio, Leo; Kraimer, Martin

2013-11-20

140

Solar water boiling device  

Microsoft Academic Search

A solar water boiling device having an insulated enclosure with an opening in its front provided with a light-transmissive cover. Within the enclosure is a water container preferably formed as a discrete unit separable from the enclosure. The enclosure provides insulation such that heat losses through its side and rear walls are small compared with heat loss through the cover.

Burkhardt

1985-01-01

141

Signal-interleaving device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Interleaving devices combine and duplicate optical electronic and other energy-saving signals in signal processing applications necessary for recording heads in interconnecting logic elements in computers and in data transmission systems. Simple cubic interleaver is characterized by high energy transmission and potentiality for low cost fabrication, and is designed to be easily interconnected with other signal processing elements.

Fischer, J. R.

1979-01-01

142

Integrated microfluidic devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

“With the fundamentals of microscale flow and species transport well developed, the recent trend in microfluidics has been to work towards the development of integrated devices which incorporate multiple fluidic, electronic and mechanical components or chemical processes onto a single chip sized substrate. Along with this has been a major push towards portability and therefore a decreased reliance on external

David Erickson; Dongqing Li

2004-01-01

143

Solar Innovator | Alta Devices  

SciTech Connect

Selected to participate in the Energy Department's SunShot Initiative, Alta Devices produces solar cells that convert sunlight into electricity at world record-breaking levels of efficiency. Through its innovative solar technology Alta is helping bring down the cost of solar. Learn more about the Energy Department's efforts to advance solar technology at energy.gov/solar .

Mattos, Laila; Le, Minh

2012-01-01

144

Mobile Library Filming Device.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report contains details of the study and performance test of the Mobile Filming Library Device which consists of a camera and self contained power source. Because of the cost savings and service improvement characteristics, this technique involving the use of a microfilm intermediate in the preparation of copies of material filed in full size…

Martin, Claud E.

145

Road-Cleaning Device  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Roadways are literally soaked with petrochemical byproducts, oils, gasoline, and other volatile substances that eventually run off into sewers and end up in rivers, waterways, and other undesirable places. Can the roads be cleaned of these wastes, with their proper disposal? Can vehicles, robots, or other devices be designed that could be driven…

Roman, Harry T.

2014-01-01

146

Microwave medical devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes several new microwave medical devices that either were or are being developed at MMTC, Inc. in cooperation with the following institutions: Celsion Corporation, Columbia, Maryland (microwave balloon catheters); Montefiore Medical Center (MMC), Bronx, New York (microwave balloon catheters, dual microwave antennas, and microwave poration); and the University of California at San Francisco (conformal array antennas). The individuals

F. Sterzer

2002-01-01

147

Spill containment device  

Microsoft Academic Search

This patent describes a spill containment device for a fill tube of a liquid storage tank comprising: a spill container having a bottom opening for removably receiving the tank fill tube, a top access opening bounded circumferentially by wall means having an upper edge surrounding the top access opening through which top opening the fill tube is accessible for filling

Argandona

1988-01-01

148

Microstructured optical fiber devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present several applications of microstructured optical fibers and study their modal characteristics by using Bragg gratings inscribed into photosensitive core regions designed into the air-silica microstructure. The unique characteristics revealed in these studies enable a number of functionalities including tunability and enhanced nonlinearity that provide a platform for fiber device applications. We discuss experimental and numerical tools that allow

Benjamin J. Eggleton; Charles Kerbage; Paul Westbrook; Robert S. Windeler; Arturo Hale

2001-01-01

149

Programmable ubiquitous telerobotic devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We are investigating a field of research that we call ubiquitous telepresence, which involves the design and implementation of low-cost robotic devices that can be programmed and operated from anywhere on the Internet. These devices, which we call ubots, can be used for academic purposes (e.g., a biologist could remote conduct a population survey), commercial purposes (e.g., a house could be shown remotely by a real-estate agent), and for recreation and education (e.g., someone could tour a museum remotely). We anticipate that such devices will become increasingly common due to recent changes in hardware and software technology. In particular, current hardware technology enables such devices to be constructed very cheaply (less than $500), and current software and network technology allows highly portable code to be written and downloaded across the Internet. In this paper, we present our prototype system architecture, and the ubot implementation we have constructed based on it. The hardware technology we use is the handy board, a 6811-based controller board with digital and analog inputs and outputs. Our software includes a network layer based on TCP/IP and software layers written in Java. Our software enables users across the Internet to program the behavior of the vehicle and to receive image feedback from a camera mounted on it.

Doherty, Michael; Greene, Matthew; Keaton, David; Och, Christian; Seidl, Matthew L.; Waite, William; Zorn, Benjamin G.

1997-12-01

150

Discourse Devices in Telugu  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this paper is to discuss some of the productive discourse devices and markers noted in 50 spoken narratives elicited from Telugu native speakers. Since most of them are college students and residents of Hyderabad, they are also exposed to English as well as Hindi-Urdu (Dakkhini). After presenting certain salient features of Telugu…

Rani, A. Usha

2010-01-01

151

Precombustion ionization device  

Microsoft Academic Search

Precombustion ionization devices are disclosed for treating the vaporizable liquid fuel in internal combustion engines, including at least one foraminous member prepared from a catalytic metal having an oxide coating on the surface thereof. The foraminous member, or screen, is spaced from the carburetor and the engine intake of the internal combustion engine by means of a supporting gasket. The

J. B. Jr. Hicks; D. J. Hicks

1978-01-01

152

EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL WATERING DEVICE  

Microsoft Academic Search

A device for watering experimental animals confined in a battery of ; individual plastic enclosures is described. It consists of a rectangular plastic ; enclosure having a plurality of fluid-tight compartments, each with a drinking ; hole near the bottom and a filling hole on the top. The enclosure is immersed in ; water until filled, its drinking holes sealed

1964-01-01

153

Dingo: Taming Device Drivers  

E-print Network

Device drivers are notorious for being a major source of failure in operating systems. In analysing a sample of real defects in Linux drivers, we found that a large proportion (39%) of bugs are due to two key shortcomings in the device-driver architecture enforced by current operating systems: poorly-defined communication protocols between drivers and the OS, which confuse developers and lead to protocol violations, and a multithreaded model of computation that leads to numerous race conditions and deadlocks. We claim that a better device driver architecture can help reduce the occurrence of these faults, and present our Dingo framework as constructive proof. Dingo provides a formal, state-machine based, language for describing driver protocols, which avoids confusion and ambiguity, and helps driver writers implement correct behaviour. It also enforces an event-driven model of computation, which eliminates most concurrency-related faults. Our implementation of the Dingo architecture in Linux offers these improvements, while introducing negligible performance overhead. It allows Dingo and native Linux drivers to coexist, providing a gradual migration path to more reliable device drivers.

Leonidf Ryzhyk; et al.

2009-01-01

154

Implantable electrical device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A fully implantable and self contained device is disclosed composed of a flexible electrode array for surrounding damaged nerves and a signal generator for driving the electrode array with periodic electrical impulses of nanoampere magnitude to induce regeneration of the damaged nerves.

Jhabvala, M. D. (inventor)

1982-01-01

155

Heterojunction photovoltaic device  

SciTech Connect

A heterojunction photovoltaic device, containing a highly conductive coating material having a band gap greater than 0 to about 3.0 e.V. on a substrate containing a semiconductor material, is utilized in highly efficient photovoltaic cells and radiometric detection cells.

Switzer, J.A.

1985-01-08

156

High temperature spintronic devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Spintronics is a rapidly developing multidisciplinary field which investigates avenues of exploiting the spin degree of freedom in charge carriers and the nucleus of atoms to design novel devices that would outperform existing ones based on complementary-metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) technology. Spin-polarized semiconductor based coherent light sources promise an ability to predict, stabilize and control orthogonal polarization states with reduced input power requirements. This doctoral thesis investigates different aspects of design, epitaxial growth, fabrication, characterization and modeling of spin based electronic and optoelectronic devices working near room temperature. We have demonstrated the modulation of magnetoresistance in an InAs/ In0.53Ga0.47As/ In0.52Al0.48As lateral spin valve with a gate electrode placed alongside the MnAs polarizer contact and outside the current transport channel. The results indicate that the change in magnetoresistance is caused, in part, by Rashba spin-orbit coupling due to the gate bias. In order to achieve higher working temperatures devices for real world applications MnAs/GaAs/MnAs based vertical spin valves have been realized. We have attributed the near room temperature operation of these devices to valence band electron tunneling of spin polarized carriers in and out of a heavily p-doped GaAs:Mn layer. Peak magnetoresistance of 40 % and 1 % have been observed at 10 K and 300 K respectively. The continuous wave, transient and high frequency dynamics of spin-polarized carriers and photons in a spin laser have been studied. Besides lowering of threshold currents, it has been theoretically estimated that these devices can show larger small-signal modulation bandwidth and 100% output polarization, independent of the injected carrier spin polarization, under appropriate biasing conditions. Measurements were done at 230 K on a InAs/GaAs quantum dot spin vertical cavity surface emitting laser (VCSEL). A time-averaged output polarization of 55% is measured with an active region spin polarization of 5-6%. A peak threshold current reduction of 4.5 % and a polarization modulation index of 0.6 have been measured in these devices under continuous wave bias. The measured output characteristics, both DC and transient, match very well with those calculated from theory.

Basu, Debashish

157

Regenerative braking device  

DOEpatents

Disclosed are several embodiments of a regenerative braking device for an automotive vehicle. The device includes a plurality of rubber rollers (24, 26) mounted for rotation between an input shaft (14) connectable to the vehicle drivetrain and an output shaft (16) which is drivingly connected to the input shaft by a variable ratio transmission (20). When the transmission ratio is such that the input shaft rotates faster than the output shaft, the rubber rollers are torsionally stressed to accumulate energy, thereby slowing the vehicle. When the transmission ratio is such that the output shaft rotates faster than the input shaft, the rubber rollers are torsionally relaxed to deliver accumulated energy, thereby accelerating or driving the vehicle.

Hoppie, Lyle O. (Birmingham, MI)

1982-01-12

158

Micro-Organ Devices  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Micro-organ devices (MODs) are being developed to satisfy an emerging need for small, lightweight, reproducible, biological-experimentati on apparatuses that are amenable to automated operation and that imp ose minimal demands for resources (principally, power and fluids). I n simplest terms, a MOD is a microfluidic device containing a variety of microstructures and assemblies of cells, all designed to mimic a complex in vivo microenvironment by replicating one or more in vivo micro-organ structures, the architectures and composition of the extr acellular matrices in the organs of interest, and the in vivo fluid flows. In addition to microscopic flow channels, a MOD contains one or more micro-organ wells containing cells residing in microscopic e xtracellular matrices and/or scaffolds, the shapes and compositions o f which enable replication of the corresponding in vivo cell assembl ies and flows.

Gonda, Steven R.; Leslie, Julia; Chang, Robert C.; Starly, Binil; Sun, Wei; Culbertson, Christopher; Holtorf, Heidi

2009-01-01

159

Air filtering device  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a room air cleaning device. It comprises: a box housing having an air inlet and an air outlet provided therein; a vertical baffle coupled to the box housing opposite the air outlet and spaced form the box housing such that an air egress outlet is formed between the vertical baffle and the box housing; air cleansing means substantially disposed within the box housing and cleansing air passing into the inlet and out of the air egress outlet; a fan disposed within the box housing, the fan providing air movement through the air inlet and the air egress outlet; wherein air exits the room air cleaning device through the air egress outlet as a vertical plane of moving air; and wherein formation of the vertical plane of moving air contributes to the formation of a low pressure area drawing impure air toward the air inlet.

Backus, A.L.

1992-07-28

160

Dielectrokinetic chromatography devices  

DOEpatents

Disclosed herein are methods and devices for dielectrokinetic chromatography. As disclosed, the devices comprise microchannels having at least one perturber which produces a non-uniformity in a field spanning the width of the microchannel. The interaction of the field non-uniformity with a perturber produces a secondary flow which competes with a primary flow. By decreasing the size of the perturber the secondary flow becomes significant for particles/analytes in the nanometer-size range. Depending on the nature of a particle/analyte present in the fluid and its interaction with the primary flow and the secondary flow, the analyte may be retained or redirected. The composition of the primary flow can be varied to affect the magnitude of primary and/or secondary flows on the particles/analytes and thereby separate and concentrate it from other particles/analytes.

Chirica, Gabriela S; Fiechtner, Gregory J; Singh, Anup K

2014-12-16

161

Support and maneuvering device  

DOEpatents

A support and maneuvering device includes an elongated flexible inflatable enclosure having a fixed end and a movable end. The movable end is collapsible toward the fixed end to a contracted position when the enclosure is in a noninflated condition. Upon inflation, the movable end is movable away from the fixed end to an extended position. The movable end includes means for mounting an article such as a solar reflector thereon. The device also includes a plurality of position controlling means disposed about the movable end to effect adjusting movement of portions thereof by predetermined amounts and for controlling an angle at which the article disposed at the movable end is oriented. The plurality of position controlling means limits a suitable number degrees of freedom of the movable end for transmitting a steering motion thereto and for controlling the position thereof. 9 figs.

Wood, R.L.

1987-03-23

162

Support and maneuvering device  

DOEpatents

A support and maneuvering device includes an elongated flexible inflatable enclosure having a fixed end and a movable end. The movable end is collapsible toward the fixed end to a contracted position when the enclosure is in a noninflated condition. Upon inflation, the movable end is movable away from the fixed end to an extended position. The movable end includes means for mounting an article such as a solar reflector thereon. The device also includes a plurality of position controlling means disposed about the movable end to effect adjusting movement of portions thereof by predetermined amounts and for controlling an angle at which the article disposed at the movable end is oriented. The plurality of position controlling means limits a suitable number degrees of freedom of the movable end for transmitting a steering motion thereto and for controlling the position thereof.

Wood, Richard L. (Arvada, CO)

1988-01-01

163

Nuclear reactor safety device  

DOEpatents

A safety device is disclosed for use in a nuclear reactor for axially repositioning a control rod with respect to the reactor core in the event of an upward thermal excursion. Such safety device comprises a laminated helical ribbon configured as a tube-like helical coil having contiguous helical turns with slidably abutting edges. The helical coil is disclosed as a portion of a drive member connected axially to the control rod. The laminated ribbon is formed of outer and inner laminae. The material of the outer lamina has a greater thermal coefficient of expansion than the material of the inner lamina. In the event of an upward thermal excursion, the laminated helical coil curls inwardly to a smaller diameter. Such inward curling causes the total length of the helical coil to increase by a substantial increment, so that the control rod is axially repositioned by a corresponding amount to reduce the power output of the reactor.

Hutter, Ernest (Wilmette, IL)

1986-01-01

164

Heterostructure terahertz devices.  

PubMed

The terahertz (THz) range of frequencies is borderline between microwave electronics and photonics. It corresponds to the frequency bands of molecular and lattice vibrations in gases, fluids, and solids. The importance of the THz range is in part due to numerous potential and emerging applications which include imaging and characterization, detection of hazardous substances, environmental monitoring, radio astronomy, covert inter-satellite communications, as well as biological and medical applications. During the last decades marked progress has been achieved in the development, fabrication, and practical implementation of THz devices and systems. This is primarily owing to the utilization of gaseous and free electron lasers and frequency converters using nonlinear optical phenomena as sources of THz radiation. However, such devices and hence the systems based on them are fairly cumbersome. This continuously stimulates an extensive search for new compact and efficient THz sources based on semiconductor heterostructures. Despite tremendous efforts lasting several decades, the so-called THz gap unbridged by semiconductor heterostructure electron and optoelectron devices still exists providing appropriate levels of power of the generated THz radiation. The invention and realization of quantum cascade lasers made of multiple quantum-well heterostructures already resulted in the partial solution of the problem in question, namely, in the successful coverage of the high-frequency portion of the THz gap (2-3 THz and higher). Further advancement to lower frequencies meets, perhaps, fundamental difficulties. All this necessitates further extensive theoretical and experimental studies of more or less traditional and novel semiconductor heterostructures as a basis for sources of THz radiation. This special issue includes 11 excellent original papers submitted by several research teams representing 14 institutions in Europe, America, and Asia. Several device concepts which appear to be feasible for the realization of novel THz devices are put forward and discussed in this collection of experimental and theoretical papers. The issue starts with a paper by Akis et al which deals with a theoretical study of the operation of high electron mobility transistors at THz frequencies. For this, the authors use the numerical simulations using a full-band, cellular Monte Carlo transport model coupled to a full Poisson equation solver. The next three papers by Reklaitis, Balocco et al , and Mikhailov and Zieglel are devoted to considering new ideas related to frequency multiplication which can lead to the up-conversion of ac signals to THz frequencies. For this purpose, different concepts of the devices based on nontrivial heterostructures and materials are proposed and studied. The paper by Knap et al provides an overview of the authors experimental results on the plasma effects infield effect transistors. These effects can be used for the resonant detection of THz radiation and its emission. The observed THz emission from more complex device structures, namely, dual grating gate heterostrucures, which is attributed to the self-excitation of plasma waves, is discussed by Otsuji and his co-workers. The following two papers (by Ryzhii et al and Popov et al) deal with the development of device models and using the one which could explain the results of experimental observations described in the paper by Otsuji et al . In both these papers, the mechanisms of plasma wave instability in spatially periodic heterostructures are analyzed. In the paper by Starikov and his colleagues, an idea to utilize the transit-time resonance assisted by optical phonon emissionis revived and revisited. As demonstrated, this mechanism in the electron system in nitride-made heterostructures can lead to negative dynamic conductivity in the THz range of frequencies and, hence, be used for the generation of THz radiation. In the paper by Millithaler et al, Monte Carlo simulations are used to study the voltage fluctuationsaffected by the plasma oscillations in two-terminal

Ryzhii, Victor

2008-08-19

165

Preface: Heterostructure terahertz devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The terahertz (THz) range of frequencies is borderline between microwave electronics and photonics. It corresponds to the frequency bands of molecular and lattice vibrations in gases, fluids, and solids. The importance of the THz range is in part due to numerous potential and emerging applications which include imaging and characterization, detection of hazardous substances, environmental monitoring, radio astronomy, covert inter-satellite communications, as well as biological and medical applications. During the last decades marked progress has been achieved in the development, fabrication, and practical implementation of THz devices and systems. This is primarily owing to the utilization of gaseous and free electron lasers and frequency converters using nonlinear optical phenomena as sources of THz radiation. However, such devices and hence the systems based on them are fairly cumbersome. This continuously stimulates an extensive search for new compact and efficient THz sources based on semiconductor heterostructures. Despite tremendous efforts lasting several decades, the so-called THz gap unbridged by semiconductor heterostructure electron and optoelectron devices still exists providing appropriate levels of power of the generated THz radiation. The invention and realization of quantum cascade lasers made of multiple quantum-well heterostructures already resulted in the partial solution of the problem in question, namely, in the successful coverage of the high-frequency portion of the THz gap (2-3 THz and higher). Further advancement to lower frequencies meets, perhaps, fundamental difficulties. All this necessitates further extensive theoretical and experimental studies of more or less traditional and novel semiconductor heterostructures as a basis for sources of THz radiation. This special issue includes 11 excellent original papers submitted by several research teams representing 14 institutions in Europe, America, and Asia. Several device concepts which appear to be feasible for the realization of novel THz devices are put forward and discussed in this collection of experimental and theoretical papers. The issue starts with a paper by Akis et al which deals with a theoretical study of the operation of high electron mobility transistors at THz frequencies. For this, the authors use the numerical simulations using a full-band, cellular Monte Carlo transport model coupled to a full Poisson equation solver. The next three papers by Reklaitis, Balocco et al , and Mikhailov and Zieglel are devoted to considering new ideas related to frequency multiplication which can lead to the up-conversion of ac signals to THz frequencies. For this purpose, different concepts of the devices based on nontrivial heterostructures and materials are proposed and studied. The paper by Knap et al provides an overview of the authors experimental results on the plasma effects infield effect transistors. These effects can be used for the resonant detection of THz radiation and its emission. The observed THz emission from more complex device structures, namely, dual grating gate heterostrucures, which is attributed to the self-excitation of plasma waves, is discussed by Otsuji and his co-workers. The following two papers (by Ryzhii et al and Popov et al) deal with the development of device models and using the one which could explain the results of experimental observations described in the paper by Otsuji et al . In both these papers, the mechanisms of plasma wave instability in spatially periodic heterostructures are analyzed. In the paper by Starikov and his colleagues, an idea to utilize the transit-time resonance assisted by optical phonon emissionis revived and revisited. As demonstrated, this mechanism in the electron system in nitride-made heterostructures can lead to negative dynamic conductivity in the THz range of frequencies and, hence, be used for the generation of THz radiation. In the paper by Millithaler et al, Monte Carlo simulations are used to study the voltage fluctuationsaffected by the plasma oscillations in two-terminal

Ryzhii, Victor

2008-08-01

166

Portable biochip scanner device  

DOEpatents

A portable biochip scanner device used to detect and acquire fluorescence signal data from biological microchips (biochips) is provided. The portable biochip scanner device employs a laser for emitting an excitation beam. An optical fiber delivers the laser beam to a portable biochip scanner. A lens collimates the laser beam, the collimated laser beam is deflected by a dichroic mirror and focused by an objective lens onto a biochip. The fluorescence light from the biochip is collected and collimated by the objective lens. The fluorescence light is delivered to a photomultiplier tube (PMT) via an emission filter and a focusing lens. The focusing lens focuses the fluorescence light into a pinhole. A signal output of the PMT is processed and displayed.

Perov, Alexander (Troitsk, RU); Sharonov, Alexei (Moscow, RU); Mirzabekov, Andrei D. (Darien, IL)

2002-01-01

167

Microelectromechanical safe arm device  

SciTech Connect

Microelectromechanical (MEM) apparatus and methods for operating, for preventing unintentional detonation of energetic components comprising pyrotechnic and explosive materials, such as air bag deployment systems, munitions and pyrotechnics. The MEM apparatus comprises an interrupting member that can be moved to block (interrupt) or complete (uninterrupt) an explosive train that is part of an energetic component. One or more latching members are provided that engage and prevent the movement of the interrupting member, until the one or more latching members are disengaged from the interrupting member. The MEM apparatus can be utilized as a safe and arm device (SAD) and electronic safe and arm device (ESAD) in preventing unintentional detonations. Methods for operating the MEM apparatus include independently applying drive signals to the actuators coupled to the latching members, and an actuator coupled to the interrupting member.

Roesler, Alexander W. (Tijeras, NM)

2012-06-05

168

Tire deflation device  

DOEpatents

A tire deflation device includes (1) a component having a plurality of bores, (2) a plurality of spikes removably insertable into the plurality of bores and (3) a keeper within each among the plurality of bores, the keeper being configured to contact a sidewall surface of a spike among the plurality of spikes and to exert force upon the sidewall surface. In an embodiment, the tire deflation device includes (a) a component including a bore in a material, the bore including a receiving region, a sidewall surface and a base surface, (b) a channel extending from the sidewall surface into the material, (c) a keeper having a first section housed within the channel and a second section which extends past the sidewall surface into the receiving region, and (d) a spike removably insertable into the bore.

Barker, Stacey G. (Idaho Falls, ID) [Idaho Falls, ID

2010-01-05

169

Urine collection device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A urine collection device for females is described. It is comprised of a collection element defining a urine collection chamber and an inlet opening into the chamber and is adapted to be disposed in surrounding relation to the urethral opening of the user. A drainage conduit is connected to the collection element in communication with the chamber whereby the chamber and conduit together comprise a urine flow pathway for carrying urine generally away from the inlet. A first body of wicking material is mounted adjacent the collection element and extends at least partially into the flow pathway. The device preferably also comprise a vaginal insert element including a seal portion for preventing the entry of urine into the vagina.

Michaud, R. B. (inventor)

1981-01-01

170

Quick stop device  

DOEpatents

A quick stop device for abruptly interrupting the cutting of a workpiece by a cutter is disclosed. The quick stop device employs an outer housing connected to an inner workpiece holder by at least one shear pin. The outer housing includes an appropriate shank designed to be received in the spindle of a machine, such as a machine tool. A cutter, such as a drill bit, is mounted in a stationary position and the workpiece, mounted to the workpiece holder, is rotated during engagement with the cutter. A trigger system includes at least one spring loaded punch disposed for movement into engagement with the workpiece holder to abruptly stop rotation of the workpiece holder. This action shears the shear pin and permits continued rotation of the spindle and outer housing without substantially disturbing the chip root formed during cutting.

Hipwell, Roger L. (35 Hounds Ditch La., Duxbury, MA 02332); Hazelton, Andrew J. (3877 Army St., San Francisco, CA 94131)

1996-01-01

171

Principles of Semiconductor Devices  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Home page of an online and interactive textbook, Principles of Semiconductor Devices., written by Bart J. Van Zeghbroeck, Ph.D., Professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Colorado at Boulder. The goal of this text is to provide the basic principles of common semiconductor devices, with a special focus on Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor Field-Effect-Transistors (MOSFETs). A browser environment was chosen so that text, figures and equations can be linked for easy reference. A table of contents, a glossary, active figures and some study aids are integrated with the text with the intention to provide a more effective reference and learning environment. Chapter titles include: Semiconductor Fundamentals, Metal-Semiconductor Junctions, p-n Junctions, Bipolar Transistors, MOS Capacitors, and MOSFET.

Van Zeghbroeck, Bart Jozef

172

Light modulating device  

DOEpatents

In a device for transmitting light, means for controlling the transmissivity of the device, including a ceramic, reversibly electrochromic, crystalline element having a highly reflective state when injected with electrons and charge compensating ions and a highly transmissive state when the electrons and ions are removed, the crystalline element being characterized as having a reflectivity of at least 50% in the reflective state and not greater than 10% in the transmissive state, and means for modulating the crystalline element between the reflective and transmissive states by injecting ions into the crystalline element in response to an applied electrical current of a first polarity and removing the ions in response to an applied electrical current of a second polarity are disclosed. 1 fig.

Rauh, R.D.; Goldner, R.B.

1989-12-26

173

Alignment reference device  

DOEpatents

An alignment reference device provides a collimated laser beam that minimizes angular deviations therein. A laser beam source outputs the beam into a single mode optical fiber. The output end of the optical fiber acts as a source of radiant energy and is positioned at the focal point of a lens system where the focal point is positioned within the lens. The output beam reflects off a mirror back to the lens that produces a collimated beam.

Patton, Gail Y. (Sunnyvale, CA); Torgerson, Darrel D. (Palo Alto, CA)

1987-01-01

174

Thermal Remote Anemometer Device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Thermal Remote Anemometer Device developed for remote, noncontacting, passive measurement of thermal properties of sample. Model heated locally by scanning laser beam and cooled by wind in tunnel. Thermal image of model analyzed to deduce pattern of airflow around model. For materials applications, system used for evaluation of thin films and determination of thermal diffusivity and adhesive-layer contact. For medical applications, measures perfusion through skin to characterize blood flow and used to determine viabilities of grafts and to characterize tissues.

Heyman, Joseph S.; Heath, D. Michele; Winfree, William P.; Miller, William E.; Welch, Christopher S.

1988-01-01

175

Liquid level sensing device  

DOEpatents

A liquid level sensing device comprising a load cell supporting a column or stack of segments freely resting on one another. The density of each element is substantially identical to that of the surrounding liquid. The elements are freely guided within a surrounding tube. As each element is exposed above the liquid level, its weight will be impressed through the column to the load cell, thereby providing a signal at the load cell directly proportional to the liquid level elevation.

Tokarz, Richard D. (West Richland, WA)

1983-01-01

176

Surface acoustic wave devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Starting with an introduction to surface acoustic waves, their generation and detection using interdigital transducers (IDTs) on piezoelectric materials (e.g. LiNbO3 and ZnO) will be reviewed. Then the application of surface acoustic waves in electronic devices will be presented. Moreover, recent studies, using the technique of attaching the material of investigation onto the sound path of the acoustic delay line

C. Müller; A. Nateprov; G. Obermeier; M. Klemm; V. Tsurkan; A. Wixforth; R. Tidecks; S. Horn

2007-01-01

177

Multiported storage devices  

E-print Network

mechanism by which users can define their own "filter applets" and assign them to a port at the device. For example, if a different compression algorithm or encryption algorithm is desired, another port can be allocated for this purpose, Perhaps several... SCSI (NetSCSI), and (4) Network-Attached Secure Disks (NASD). With server-attached disks, clients and servers share a network, and storage is attached directly to general-purpose workstations that provide distributed file services...

Grande, Marcus Bryan

2000-01-01

178

Fiber optic monitoring device  

DOEpatents

A device for the purpose of monitoring light transmissions in optical fibers comprises a fiber optic tap that optically diverts a fraction of a transmitted optical signal without disrupting the integrity of the signal. The diverted signal is carried, preferably by the fiber optic tap, to a lens or lens system that disperses the light over a solid angle that facilitates viewing. The dispersed light indicates whether or not the monitored optical fiber or system of optical fibers is currently transmitting optical information.

Samborsky, James K. (605 Groves Blvd., N. Augusta, SC 29841)

1993-01-01

179

Residual gas analysis device  

DOEpatents

A system is provided for testing the hermeticity of a package, such as a microelectromechanical systems package containing a sealed gas volume, with a sampling device that has the capability to isolate the package and breach the gas seal connected to a pulse valve that can controllably transmit small volumes down to 2 nanoliters to a gas chamber for analysis using gas chromatography/mass spectroscopy diagnostics.

Thornberg, Steven M. (Peralta, NM)

2012-07-31

180

Polymer microfluidic devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the introduction of lab-on-a-chip devices in the early 1990s, glass has been the dominant substrate material for their fabrication (J. Chromatogr. 593 (1992) 253; Science 261 (1993) 895). This is primarily driven by the fact that fabrication methods were well established by the semiconductor industry, and surface properties and derivatization methods were well characterized and developed by the chromatography

Holger Becker; Laurie E. Locascio

2002-01-01

181

Hybrid electroluminescent devices  

DOEpatents

A hybrid electroluminescent (EL) device comprises at least one inorganic diode element and at least one organic EL element that are electrically connected in series. The absolute value of the breakdown voltage of the inorganic diode element is greater than the absolute value of the maximum reverse bias voltage across the series. The inorganic diode element can be a power diode, a Schottky barrier diode, or a light-emitting diode.

Shiang, Joseph John (Niskayuna, NY); Duggal, Anil Raj (Niskayuna, NY); Michael, Joseph Darryl (Schenectady, NY)

2010-08-03

182

Devices in Heart Failure  

PubMed Central

Congestive heart failure has long been one of the most serious medical conditions in the United States; in fact, in the United States alone, heart failure accounts for 6.5 million days of hospitalization each year. One important goal of heart-failure therapy is to inhibit the progression of congestive heart failure through pharmacologic and device-based therapies. Therefore, there have been efforts to develop device-based therapies aimed at improving cardiac reserve and optimizing pump function to meet metabolic requirements. The course of congestive heart failure is often worsened by other conditions, including new-onset arrhythmias, ischemia and infarction, valvulopathy, decompensation, end-organ damage, and therapeutic refractoriness, that have an impact on outcomes. The onset of such conditions is sometimes heralded by subtle pathophysiologic changes, and the timely identification of these changes may promote the use of preventive measures. Consequently, device-based methods could in the future have an important role in the timely identification of the subtle pathophysiologic changes associated with congestive heart failure. PMID:18612451

Munir, Shahzeb M.; Bogaev, Roberta C.; Sobash, Ed; Shankar, K. J.; Gondi, Sreedevi; Stupin, Igor V.; Robertson, Jillian; Brewer, M. Alan; Casscells, S. Ward; Delgado, Reynolds M.; Ahmed, Amany

2008-01-01

183

Devices of Wonder  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Getty Museum cleverly uses our new media toy, the World Wide Web, to showcase this exhibition of media devices from the past and present. Included are inventions that present visual information or optical illusions, such as Indonesian shadow puppets, magic lantern slides, pop-up books, thaumatropes, and anamorphic images. Both animated and non-animated versions are available, and there are tradeoffs with each. In the animated version, users can see each device in action, but it takes a little longer to simply get each device's name and information about how it works. For example, the animated thaumatrope works pretty well, since it is easy to see that it is a card with two images on the back and front that fuse when the card is spun on a string. It's a little harder to figure out how the choreutoscope works from starting with the animated version, although one gets to watch the skeleton dance. The non-animated version immediately informs us that this is a hand-cranked magic lantern slide.

2001-01-01

184

Thermophotovoltaic energy conversion device  

DOEpatents

A thermophotovoltaic device and a method for making the thermophotovoltaic device are disclosed. The device includes an n-type semiconductor material substrate having top and bottom surfaces, a tunnel junction formed on the top surface of the substrate, a region of active layers formed on top of the tunnel junction and a back surface reflector (BSR). The tunnel junction includes a layer of heavily doped n-type semiconductor material that is formed on the top surface of the substrate and a layer of heavily doped p-type semiconductor material formed on the n-type layer. An optional pseudomorphic layer can be formed between the n-type and p-type layers. A region of active layers is formed on top of the tunnel junction. This region includes a base layer of p-type semiconductor material and an emitter layer of n-type semiconductor material. An optional front surface window layer can be formed on top of the emitter layer. An optional interference filter can be formed on top of the emitter layer or the front surface window layer when it is used. 1 fig.

Charache, G.W.; Baldasaro, P.F.; Egley, J.L.

1998-05-19

185

Thermophotovoltaic energy conversion device  

DOEpatents

A thermophotovoltaic device and a method for making the thermophotovoltaic device. The device includes an n-type semiconductor material substrate having top and bottom surfaces, a tunnel junction formed on the top surface of the substrate, a region of active layers formed on top of the tunnel junction and a back surface reflector (BSR). The tunnel junction includes a layer of heavily doped n-type semiconductor material that is formed on the top surface of the substrate and a layer of heavily doped p-type semiconductor material formed on the n-type layer. An optional pseudomorphic layer can be formed between the n-type and p-type layers. A region of active layers is formed on top of the tunnel junction. This region includes a base layer of p-type semiconductor material and an emitter layer of n-type semiconductor material. An optional front surface window layer can be formed on top of the emitter layer. An optional interference filter can be formed on top of the emitter layer or the front surface window layer when it is used.

Charache, Greg W. (Clifton Park, NY); Baldasaro, Paul F. (Clifton Park, NY); Egley, James L. (Burnt Hills, NY)

1998-01-01

186

Barriers to medical device innovation  

PubMed Central

The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has defined a medical device as a health care product that does not achieve it’s purpose by chemical action or by being metabolized. This means that a vast number of products are considered medical devices. Such devices play an essential role in the practice of medicine. The FDA classifies medical devices in three classes, depending on the risk of the device. Since Class I and II devices have relatively simple requirements for getting to the market, this review will focus on “implantable devices”, which, in general, belong to Class III. The European Union and Canada use a slightly different classification system. While early generations of medical devices were introduced without much testing, either technical or clinical, the process of introducing a Class III medical device from concept to clinical practice has become strongly regulated and requires extensive technological and clinical testing. The modern era of implantable medical devices may be considered to have started in the 1920s with development of artificial hips. The implantable pacemaker was another milestone and pacemakers and cardioverters/defibrillators have since saved millions of lives and created commercial giants in the medical device industry. This review will include some examples of cardiovascular devices. Similar considerations apply to the total implantable device market, although clinical and technological applications obviously vary considerably. PMID:24966699

Bergsland, Jacob; Elle, Ole Jakob; Fosse, Erik

2014-01-01

187

76 FR 45860 - In the Matter of Certain Electronic Devices, Including Wireless Communication Devices, Portable...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Wireless Communication Devices, Portable Music and Data Processing Devices, and Tablet...wireless communication devices, portable music and data processing devices, and tablet...wireless communication devices, portable music and data processing devices, and...

2011-08-01

188

77 FR 51571 - Certain Wireless Communication Devices, Portable Music and Data Processing Devices, Computers...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Wireless Communication Devices, Portable Music and Data Processing Devices, Computers...Wireless Communication Devices, Portable Music and Data Processing Devices, Computers...wireless communication devices, portable music and data processing devices,...

2012-08-24

189

77 FR 58576 - Certain Wireless Communication Devices, Portable Music and Data Processing Devices, Computers...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Wireless Communication Devices, Portable Music and Data Processing Devices, Computers...wireless communication devices, portable music and data processing devices, computers...wireless communication devices, portable music and data processing devices,...

2012-09-21

190

77 FR 60720 - Certain Electronic Devices, Including Wireless Commmunication Devices, Portable Music and Data...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Devices, Including Wireless Commmunication Devices, Portable Music and Data Processing Devices, and Tablet Computers; Notice...devices, including wireless communication devices, portable music and data processing devices, and tablet computers,...

2012-10-04

191

Endotracheal Intubation Device with a Charge Couple Device Camera  

Microsoft Academic Search

We developed an orotracheal intubation device equipped with a charge couple device (CCD) camera, providing a wide field of vision. We used this device to perform endotracheal intubations in 62 anesthetized patients undergoing dental treatment and oral surgery. The time required to perform an endotracheal intuba- tion with this system was examined. The use of this sys- tem is described

Hikaru Kohase; Hiroshi Sehata; Hirohito Inada; Yoko Ikeda; Masahiro Umino

2003-01-01

192

Advanced Semiconductor Devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I. Wide band gap devices. Wide-Bandgap Semiconductor devices for automotive applications / M. Sugimoto ... [et al.]. A GaN on SiC HFET device technology for wireless infrastructure applications / B. Green ... [et al.]. Drift velocity limitation in GaN HEMT channels / A. Matulionis. Simulations of field-plated and recessed gate gallium nitride-based heterojunction field-effect transistors / V. O. Turin, M. S. Shur and D. B. Veksler. Low temperature electroluminescence of green and deep green GaInN/GaN light emitting diodes / Y. Li ... [et al.]. Spatial spectral analysis in high brightness GaInN/GaN light emitting diodes / T. Detchprohm ... [et al.]. Self-induced surface texturing of Al2O3 by means of inductively coupled plasma reactive ion etching in Cl2 chemistry / P. Batoni ... [et al.]. Field and termionic field transport in aluminium gallium arsenide heterojunction barriers / D. V. Morgan and A. Porch. Electrical characteristics and carrier lifetime measurements in high voltage 4H-SiC PiN diodes / P. A. Losee ... [et al.]. Geometry and short channel effects on enhancement-mode n-Channel GaN MOSFETs on p and n- GaN/sapphire substrates / W. Huang, T. Khan and T. P. Chow. 4H-SiC Vertical RESURF Schottky Rectifiers and MOSFETs / Y. Wang, P. A. Losee and T. P. Chow. Present status and future Directions of SiGe HBT technology / M. H. Khater ... [et al.]Optical properties of GaInN/GaN multi-quantum Wells structure and light emitting diode grown by metalorganic chemical vapor phase epitaxy / J. Senawiratne ... [et al.]. Electrical comparison of Ta/Ti/Al/Mo/Au and Ti/Al/Mo/Au Ohmic contacts on undoped GaN HEMTs structure with AlN interlayer / Y. Sun and L. F. Eastman. Above 2 A/mm drain current density of GaN HEMTs grown on sapphire / F. Medjdoub ... [et al.]. Focused thermal beam direct patterning on InGaN during molecular beam epitaxy / X. Chen, W. J. Schaff and L. F. Eastman -- II. Terahertz and millimeter wave devices. Temperature-dependent microwave performance of Sb-heterostructure backward diodes for millimeter-wave detection / N. Su ... [et al.]. A Mixed-signal row/Column architecture for very large monolithic mm-wave phased arrays / C. Carta, M. Seo and M. Rodwell. Terahertz emission from electrically pumped silicon germanium itersubband devices / N. Sustersic [et al.]. Terahertz sensing of materials / G. Xuan ... [et al.] -- III. silicon and SiGe devices. Negative bias temperature instability in TiN/HF-Silicate based gate stacks / N. A. Chowdhury, D. Misra and N. Rahim. Power adaptive control of dense configured super-self-aligned back-gate planar transistors / H. Lin ... [et al.]. Non-volatile high speed & low power charge trapping devices / M. K. Kim and S. Tiwari. High performance SiGeC/Si Near-IR electrooptic modulators and photodetectors / M. Schubert and F. Rana -- III. Silicon and SiGe devices. Negative bias temperature instability in TiN/HF-Silicate based gate stacks / N. A. Chowdhury, D. Misra and N. Rahim. Power adaptive control of dense configured super-self-aligned back-gate planar transistors / H. Lin ... [et al.]Non-volatile high speed & low power charge trapping devices / M. K. Kim and S. Tiwari. High performance SiGeC/Si Near-IR electrooptic modulators and photodetectors / M. Schubert and F. Rana -- IV. Nanoelelectronics and ballistic devices. Hybrid nanomaterials for multi-spectral infrared photodetection / A. D. Stiff-Roberts. Ballistic electron acceleration negative-differential-conductivity devices / B. Aslan ... [et al.] -- V. Photoluminescence and photocapacitance. Understanding ultraviolet emitter performance using intensity dependent Time-Resolved photoluminescence / M. Wraback ... [ et al.]. Photocapacitance of selectively doped AlGaAs/GaAs heterostructures containing deep traps / N. B. Gorev ... [et al.

Shur, Michael S.; Maki, Paul A.; Kolodzey, James

2007-06-01

193

Practical surface acoustic wave devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

A tutorial discussion is presented on selected surface acoustic wave (SAW) devices for the use of engineers and electronic systems designers. Currently practical components for use in radar systems, communications systems, and as frequency domain filters are described. Emphasis is placed on nondispersive and dispersive delay lines, devices for generating and detecting various radar waveforms, devices for generating and detecting

MELVIN G. HOLLAND; LEWIS T. CLAIBORNE

1974-01-01

194

Nanochanneled Device and Related Methods  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A nanochannel delivery device and method of manufacturing and use. The nanochannel delivery device comprises an inlet, an outlet, and a nanochannel. The nanochannel may be oriented parallel to the primary plane of the nanochannel delivery device. The inlet and outlet may be in direct fluid communication with the nanochannel.

Ferrari, Mauro (Inventor); Liu, Xuewu (Inventor); Grattoni, Alessandro (Inventor); Fine, Daniel (Inventor); Goodall, Randy (Inventor); Hosali, Sharath (Inventor); Medema, Ryan (Inventor); Hudson, Lee (Inventor)

2013-01-01

195

FDA's perspectives on cardiovascular devices.  

PubMed

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) decision process for approving or clearing medical devices is often determined by a review of robust clinical data and extensive preclinical testing of the device. The mission statement for the Center for Devices and Radiological Health (CDRH) is to review the information provided by manufacturers so that it can promote and protect the health of the public by ensuring the safety and effectiveness of medical devices deemed appropriate for human use (Food, Drug & Cosmetic Act, Section 903(b)(1, 2(C)), December 31, 2004; accessed December 17, 2008 http://www.fda.gov/opacom/laws/fdcact/fdctoc.htm). For high-risk devices, such as ventricular assist devices (VADs), mechanical heart valves, stents, cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) devices, pacemakers, and defibrillators, the determination is based on FDA's review of extensive preclinical bench and animal testing followed by use of the device in a clinical trial in humans. These clinical trials allow the manufacturer to evaluate a device in the intended use population. FDA reviews the data from the clinical trial to determine if the device performed as predicted and the clinical benefits outweigh the risks. This article reviews the regulatory framework for different marketing applications related to cardiovascular devices and describes the process of obtaining approval to study a cardiovascular device in a U.S. clinical trial. PMID:20559979

Chen, Eric A; Patel-Raman, Sonna M; O'Callaghan, Kathryn; Hillebrenner, Matthew G

2009-06-01

196

Improved Thermoelectric Devices: Advanced Semiconductor Materials for Thermoelectric Devices  

SciTech Connect

Broad Funding Opportunity Announcement Project: Phononic Devices is working to recapture waste heat and convert it into usable electric power. To do this, the company is using thermoelectric devices, which are made from advanced semiconductor materials that convert heat into electricity or actively remove heat for refrigeration and cooling purposes. Thermoelectric devices resemble computer chips, and they manage heat by manipulating the direction of electrons at the nanoscale. These devices aren’t new, but they are currently too inefficient and expensive for widespread use. Phononic Devices is using a high-performance, cost-effective thermoelectric design that will improve the device’s efficiency and enable electronics manufacturers to more easily integrate them into their products.

None

2009-12-11

197

Portable source identification device  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) is the primary enforcement agency protecting the nation"s ports of entry. CBP is enhancing its capability to interdict the illicit import of nuclear and radiological materials and devices that may be used by terrorists. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is providing scientific and technical support to CBP in their goal to enable rapid deployment of nuclear and radiation detection systems at U. S. ports of entry to monitor 100% of the incoming international traffic and cargo while not adversely impacting the operations or throughput of the ports. As the deployment of radiation detection systems proceeds, there is a need to adapt the baseline radiation portal monitor (RPM) system technology to operations at these diverse ports of entry. When screening produces an alarm in the primary inspection RPM, the alarming vehicle is removed from the flow of commerce and the alarm is typically confirmed in a secondary inspection RPM. The portable source identification device (PSID) is a radiation sensor panel (RSP), based on thallium-doped sodium iodide (NaI(Tl)) scintillation detector and gamma spectroscopic analysis hardware and software, mounted on a scissor lift on a small truck. The lift supports a box containing a commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) sodium iodide detector that provides real-time isotopic identification, including neutron detectors to interdict Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) and radiation dispersion devices (RDD). The scissor lift will lower the detectors to within a foot off the ground and raise them to approximately 24 feet (7.3 m) in the air, allowing a wide vertical scanning range.

Andersen, Eric S.; Samuel, Todd J.; Gervais, Kevin L.

2005-05-01

198

Portable Source Identification Device  

SciTech Connect

U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) is the primary enforcement agency protecting the nation’s ports of entry. CBP is enhancing its capability to interdict the illicit import of nuclear and radiological materials and devices that may be used by terrorists. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is providing scientific and technical support to CBP in their goal to enable rapid deployment of nuclear and radiation detection systems at U. S. ports of entry to monitor 100% of the incoming international traffic and cargo while not adversely impacting the operations or throughput of the ports. As the deployment of radiation detection systems proceeds, there is a need to adapt the baseline radiation portal monitor (RPM) system technology to operations at these diverse ports of entry. When screening produces an alarm in the primary inspection RPM, the alarming vehicle is removed from the flow of commerce and the alarm is typically confirmed in a secondary inspection RPM. The portable source identification device (PSID) is a radiation sensor panel (RSP), based on thallium-doped sodium iodide (NaI(Tl)) scintillation detector and gamma spectroscopic analysis hardware and software, mounted on a scissor lift on a small truck. The lift supports a box containing a commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) sodium iodide detector that provides real-time isotopic identification, including neutron detectors to interdict Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) and radiation dispersion devices (RDD). The scissor lift will lower the detectors to within a foot off the ground and raise them to approximately 24 feet in the air, allowing a wide vertical scanning range.

Andersen, Eric S.; Samuel, Todd J.; Gervais, Kevin L.

2005-08-01

199

Drop foot corrective device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A light weight, economical device to alleviate a plurality of difficulties encountered in walking by a victim suffering from a drop foot condition is discussed. A legband girdles the leg below the knee and above the calf providing an anchor point for the upper end of a ligament having its lower end attached to a toe of a shoe or a toe on the foot. The ligament is of such length that the foot is supported thereby and retained in a normal position during walking.

Deis, B. C. (inventor)

1986-01-01

200

Air monitoring device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An air monitoring device (100) includes an outer casing (101) configured to receive an airflow (102) comprising particulate; a bore (103) located inside the outer casing (101); and a collection probe (104) located inside the outer casing (101), the collection probe (104) being configured such that there is a gap (105) between an exit of the bore (103) and an entrance of the collection probe (104), such that particulate in the airflow (102) having a diameter larger than a threshold flows through an interior of the collection probe (104).

Tissandier, Michael D. (Inventor)

2012-01-01

201

Detached rock evaluation device  

DOEpatents

A rock detachment evaluation device (10) having an energy transducer unit 1) for sensing vibrations imparted to a subject rock (172) for converting the sensed vibrations into electrical signals, a low band pass filter unit (12) for receiving the electrical signal and transmitting only a low frequency segment thereof, a high band pass filter unit (13) for receiving the electrical signals and for transmitting only a high frequency segment thereof, a comparison unit (14) for receiving the low frequency and high frequency signals and for determining the difference in power between the signals, and a display unit (16) for displaying indicia of the difference, which provides a quantitative measure of rock detachment.

Hanson, David R. (Golden, CO)

1986-01-01

202

Solar collector device  

SciTech Connect

A solar collector device is described having a plurality of parallel collector tubes mounted between a pair of header members through which a heat carrying liquid flows. The collector tubes each have a plane surface exposed to the solar rays and extending laterally substantially equal to the maximum diameter of the respective tubes. The edges of adjacent tubes abut each other to form a substantially continuous planar collector surface. The tubes are moreover, made of a highly efficient conductor of thermal energy, namely a specialized copper alloy. A method of forming such tubes with planar surfaces for use in solar energy collectors is also disclosed.

Easton, A.

1981-11-03

203

Resistive Exercise Device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An exercise device 10 is particularly well suited for use in low gravity environments, and includes a frame 12 with plurality of resistance elements 30,82 supported in parallel on the frame. A load transfer member 20 is moveable relative to the frame for transferring the applied force to the free end of each captured resistance element. Load selection template 14 is removably secured both to the load transfer member, and a plurality of capture mechanisms engage the free end of corresponding resistance elements. The force applying mechanism 53 may be a handle, harness or other user interface for applying a force to move the load transfer member.

Smith, Damon C. (Inventor)

2005-01-01

204

Beam Spreading Devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Effective use of a particle beam for radiotherapy necessitates delivery of that beam in such a way that it covers the target volume with a prescribed dose distribution. The particle beam extracted from an accelerator normally has beam dimensions smaller than that of a typical target. Therefore, that beam has to be spread out to match the target volume. This chapter will discuss aspects of the transverse and longitudinal spreading techniques using scattering and scanning techniques and some of the devices used to implement these techniques.

Flanz, Jay

205

Micro environmental sensing device  

DOEpatents

A microelectromechanical (MEM) acceleration switch is disclosed which includes a proof mass flexibly connected to a substrate, with the proof mass being moveable in a direction substantially perpendicular to the substrate in response to a sensed acceleration. An electrode on the proof mass contacts one or more electrodes located below the proof mass to provide a switch closure in response to the sensed acceleration. Electrical latching of the switch in the closed position is possible with an optional latching electrode. The MEM acceleration switch, which has applications for use as an environmental sensing device, can be fabricated using micromachining.

Polosky, Marc A. (Tijeras, NM); Lukens, Laurance L. (Tijeras, NM)

2006-05-02

206

Fiber optic monitoring device  

DOEpatents

A device for the purpose of monitoring light transmissions in optical fibers comprises a fiber optic tap that optically diverts a fraction of a transmitted optical signal without disrupting the integrity of the signal. The diverted signal is carried, preferably by the fiber optic tap, to a lens or lens system that disperses the light over a solid angle that facilitates viewing. The dispersed light indicates whether or not the monitored optical fiber or system of optical fibers is currently transmitting optical information. 4 figures.

Samborsky, J.K.

1993-10-05

207

Inflatable rescue device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This invention discloses, in one aspect, a personal rescue device for use in outer space which has an inflatable flexible tube with a shaper apparatus herein. Gas under pressure flows through the shaper apparatus and into the flexible tube. The flexible tube is mounted to the shaper so that as it inflates it expands and deploys lengthwise away from the shaper. In one embodiment a housing contains the shaper and the flexible tube and the housing is designed to facilitate movement of the expanding tube from the housing so the expanding tube does not bunch up in the housing.

Swan, Scott A. (inventor)

1995-01-01

208

Nanotube resonator devices  

DOEpatents

A fully-functional radio receiver fabricated from a single nanotube is being disclosed. Simultaneously, a single nanotube can perform the functions of all major components of a radio: antenna, tunable band-pass filter, amplifier, and demodulator. A DC voltage source, as supplied by a battery, can power the radio. Using carrier waves in the commercially relevant 40-400 MHz range and both frequency and amplitude modulation techniques, successful music and voice reception has been demonstrated. Also disclosed are a radio transmitter and a mass sensor using a nanotube resonator device.

Jensen, Kenneth J; Zettl, Alexander K; Weldon, Jeffrey A

2014-05-06

209

Advanced Resistive Exercise Device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The advanced resistive exercise device (ARED), now at the prototype stage of development, is a versatile machine that can be used to perform different customized exercises for which, heretofore, it has been necessary to use different machines. Conceived as a means of helping astronauts and others to maintain muscle and bone strength and endurance in low-gravity environments, the ARED could also prove advantageous in terrestrial settings (e.g., health clubs and military training facilities) in which many users are exercising simultaneously and there is heavy demand for use of exercise machines.

Raboin, Jasen; Niebuhr, Jason; Cruz, Santana; Lamoreaux, chris

2007-01-01

210

Stretchable and foldable electronic devices  

DOEpatents

Disclosed herein are stretchable, foldable and optionally printable, processes for making devices and devices such as semiconductors, electronic circuits and components thereof that are capable of providing good performance when stretched, compressed, flexed or otherwise deformed. Strain isolation layers provide good strain isolation to functional device layers. Multilayer devices are constructed to position a neutral mechanical surface coincident or proximate to a functional layer having a material that is susceptible to strain-induced failure. Neutral mechanical surfaces are positioned by one or more layers having a property that is spatially inhomogeneous, such as by patterning any of the layers of the multilayer device.

Rogers, John A; Huang, Yonggang; Ko, Heung Cho; Stoykovich, Mark; Choi, Won Mook; Song, Jizhou; Ahn, Jong Hyun; Kim, Dae Hyeong

2014-12-09

211

Organic photoresponse materials and devices.  

PubMed

Organic photoresponse materials and devices are critically important to organic optoelectronics and energy crises. The activities of photoresponse in organic materials can be summarized in three effects, photoconductive, photovoltaic and optical memory effects. Correspondingly, devices based on the three effects can be divided into (i) photoconductive devices such as photodetectors, photoreceptors, photoswitches and phototransistors, (ii) photovoltaic devices such as organic solar cells, and (iii) optical data storage devices. It is expected that this systematic analysis of photoresponse materials and devices could be a guide for the better understanding of structure-property relationships of organic materials and provide key clues for the fabrication of high performance organic optoelectronic devices, the integration of them in circuits and the application of them in renewable green energy strategies (critical review, 452 references). PMID:22158983

Dong, Huanli; Zhu, Hongfei; Meng, Qing; Gong, Xiong; Hu, Wenping

2012-03-01

212

Carbon based prosthetic devices  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of a one-year, Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The project objective was to evaluate the use of carbon/carbon-fiber-reinforced composites for use in endoprosthetic devices. The application of these materials for the metacarpophalangeal (MP) joints of the hand was investigated. Issues concerning mechanical properties, bone fixation, biocompatibility, and wear are discussed. A system consisting of fiber reinforced materials with a pyrolytic carbon matrix and diamond-like, carbon-coated wear surfaces was developed. Processes were developed for the chemical vapor infiltration (CVI) of pyrolytic carbon into porous fiber preforms with the ability to tailor the outer porosity of the device to provide a surface for bone in-growth. A method for coating diamond-like carbon (DLC) on the articulating surface by plasma-assisted chemical vapor deposition (CVD) was developed. Preliminary results on mechanical properties of the composite system are discussed and initial biocompatibility studies were performed.

Devlin, D.J.; Carroll, D.W.; Barbero, R.S.; Archuleta, T. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (US); Klawitter, J.J.; Ogilvie, W.; Strzepa, P. [Ascension Orthopedics (US); Cook, S.D. [Tulane Univ., New Orleans, LA (US). School of Medicine

1998-12-31

213

Fluid flow monitoring device  

DOEpatents

A flow meter and temperature measuring device are described comprising a tube with a body centered therein for restricting flow and a sleeve at the upper end of the tube to carry several channels formed longitudinally in the sleeve to the appropriate axial location where they penetrate the tube to allow pressure measurements and temperature measurements with thermocouples. The high pressure measurement is made using a channel penetrating the tube away from the body and the low pressure measurement is made at a location at the widest part of the body. An end plug seals the end of the device and holes at its upper end allow fluid to pass from the interior of the tube into a plenum. The channels are made by cutting grooves in the sleeve, the grooves widened at the surface of the sleeve and then a strip of sleeve material is welded to the grooves closing the channels. Preferably the sleeve is packed with powdered graphite before cutting the grooves and welding the strips. 7 figures.

McKay, M.D.; Sweeney, C.E.; Spangler, B.S. Jr.

1993-11-30

214

Fluid flow monitoring device  

DOEpatents

A flow meter and temperature measuring device comprising a tube with a body centered therein for restricting flow and a sleeve at the upper end of the tube to carry several channels formed longitudinally in the sleeve to the appropriate axial location where they penetrate the tube to allow pressure measurements and temperature measurements with thermocouples. The high pressure measurement is made using a channel penetrating the tube away from the body and the low pressure measurement is made at a location at the widest part of the body. An end plug seals the end of the device and holes at its upper end allow fluid to pass from the interior of the tube into a plenum. The channels are made by cutting grooves in the sleeve, the grooves widened at the surface of the sleeve and then a strip of sleeve material is welded to the grooves closing the channels. Preferably the sleeve is packed with powdered graphite before cutting the grooves and welding the strips.

McKay, Mark D. (1426 Socastee Dr., North Augusta, SC 29841); Sweeney, Chad E. (3600 Westhampton Dr., Martinez, GA 30907-3036); Spangler, Jr., B. Samuel (2715 Margate Dr., Augusta, GA 30909)

1993-01-01

215

Devices as destination therapy.  

PubMed

The use of circulatory support as destination therapy has been a goal for the treatment of endstage heart failure for several decades. Current investigations are evaluating several circulatory pumps with that particular objective. With continued modification of design, the current and future pumps will become more reliable and provide improved quality of life to patients in need of mechanical circulatory assistance. The new pumps on the horizon specifically address reliability, size, and cost, and are based on the centrifugal system. These devices use the Maglev (Magnetic Levitation) concept that allows for frictionless pumping, low thrombogenicity, minimal noise, and increased durability. Further research with this goal in mind and support from the federal government will be the key to the future use of circulatory assistance as destination therapy for heart failure patients. In addition, the cost-effectiveness of these devices will need to be maintained as the technology improves, as in any new technology that confronts a more intuitive option like the native heart. PMID:12790046

Kukuy, Eugene L; Oz, Mehmet C; Rose, Eric A; Naka, Yoshifumi

2003-02-01

216

Micro-organ device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A method for fabricating a micro-organ device comprises providing a microscale support having one or more microfluidic channels and one or more micro-chambers for housing a micro-organ and printing a micro-organ on the microscale support using a cell suspension in a syringe controlled by a computer-aided tissue engineering system, wherein the cell suspension comprises cells suspended in a solution containing a material that functions as a three-dimensional scaffold. The printing is performed with the computer-aided tissue engineering system according to a particular pattern. The micro-organ device comprises at least one micro-chamber each housing a micro-organ; and at least one microfluidic channel connected to the micro-chamber, wherein the micro-organ comprises cells arranged in a configuration that includes microscale spacing between portions of the cells to facilitate diffusion exchange between the cells and a medium supplied from the at least one microfluidic channel.

Gonda, Steve R. (Inventor); von Gustedt-Gonda, legal representative, Iris (Inventor); Chang, Robert C. (Inventor); Starly, Binil (Inventor); Culbertson, Christopher (Inventor); Holtorf, Heidi L. (Inventor); Sun, Wei (Inventor); Leslie, Julia (Inventor)

2013-01-01

217

Plasmonic LED device  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Plasmonic nanostructures are known to influence the emission of near-by emitters. They can enhance the absorption and modify the external quantum efficiency of the coupled system. To evaluate the possibility of using plasmonics to enhance the light emission of a phosphor-converted LED device and create an efficient directional light source, regular arrays of aluminium nanoparticles covered with a red dye layer are investigated. In arrays of aluminum nanocylinders with a diameter of ca 140 nm combined with a thin (650 nm) layer of luminescent material, very narrow resonances have been observed, which lead to large enhancement factors of up to 70 and 20 for excitation with a directional blue laser source and a lambertian LED respectively, in a small spectral range for particular angles. The measured resonances agree very well with finite-difference time-domain numerical simulations. These changes in the angular emission profile of the red dye as well as the spectral shape of its emission can help to optimize the efficacy of phosphor-converted LED modules and increase the amount of useable light in a certain angular cone. Using Fourier microscopy, large modifications of the angular emission profile as well as spectral shaping are observed for these plasmonic LED devices if compared to reference samples without plasmonic nanostructures.

Lunz, Manuela; de Boer, Dick; Lozano, Gabriel; Rodriguez, Said R. K.; Gomez Rivas, Jaime; Verschuuren, Marc A.

2013-05-01

218

Charge coupled devices  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The results are presented of a program to design, fabricate, and test CCD arrays suitable for operation in an electron-bombarded mode. These intensified charge coupled devices have potential application to astronomy as photon-counting arrays. The objectives of this program were to deliver arrays of 250 lines of 400 pixels each and some associated electronics. Some arrays were delivered on tube-compatible headers and some were delivered after incorporation in vacuum tubes. Delivery of these devices required considerable improvements to be made in the processing associated with intensified operation. These improvements resulted in a high yield in the thinning process, reproducible results in the accumulation process, elimination of a dark current source in the accumulation process, solution of a number of header related problems, and the identification of a remaining major source of dark current. Two systematic failure modes were identified and protective measures established. The effects of tube processing on the arrays in the delivered ICCDs were determined and are reported along with the characterization data on the arrays.

Walker, J. W.; Hornbeck, L. J.; Stubbs, D. P.

1977-01-01

219

Neuroelectric Virtual Devices  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper presents recent results in neuroelectric pattern recognition of electromyographic (EMG) signals used to control virtual computer input devices. The devices are designed to substitute for the functions of both a traditional joystick and keyboard entry method. We demonstrate recognition accuracy through neuroelectric control of a 757 class simulation aircraft landing at San Francisco International Airport using a virtual joystick as shown. This is accomplished by a pilot closing his fist in empty air and performing control movements that are captured by a dry electrode array on the arm which are then analyzed and routed through a flight director permitting full pilot outer loop control of the simulation. We then demonstrate finer grain motor pattern recognition through a virtual keyboard by having a typist tap his traders on a typical desk in a touch typist position. The EMG signals are then translated to keyboard presses and displayed. The paper describes the bioelectric pattern recognition methodology common to both examples. Figure 2 depicts raw EMG data from typing, the numeral '8' and the numeral '9'. These two gestures are very close in appearance and statistical properties yet are distinguishable by our hidden Kharkov model algorithms. Extensions of this work to NASA emissions and robotic control are considered.

Wheeler, Kevin; Jorgensen, Charles

2000-01-01

220

Clamp-mount device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A clamp-mount device is disclosed for mounting equipment to an associated I-beam and the like structural member of the type having oppositely extending flanges wherein the device comprises a base and a pair of oppositely facing clamping members carried diagonally on the base clamping flanges therebetween and having flange receiving openings facing one another. Lock means are carried diagonally by the base opposite the clamping members locking the flanges in the clamping members. A resilient hub is carried centrally of the base engaging and biasing a back side of the flanges maintaining tightly clamped and facilitating use on vertical as well as horizontal members. The base turns about the hub to receive the flanges within the clamping members. Equipment may be secured to the base by any suitable means such as bolts in openings. Slidable gate latches secure the hinged locks in an upright locking position. The resilient hub includes a recess opening formed in the base and a rubber-like pad carried in this opening being depressably and rotatably carried therein.

Clark, K. H. (inventor)

1983-01-01

221

Locomotive safety device  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes the environment of a longitudinally extending and diesel engine type railroad locomotive classified under a stopped and ''blue flag'' condition, the locomotive having its traction wheels powerable from a high-voltage main-generator. The locomotive is also equipped with a low-voltage auxiliary-generator having electrical circuitry connected to locomotive installed alarm means, to at least one fuel valve for the diesel engine, to locomotive forward-rearward motive directional control, and to locomotive acceleration control. The low-voltage electrical circuitry extends the locomotive longitudinal length and terminates as two endward multi-pins receptacles. The improvement of a locomotive safety device tending to enforce upon would be the locomotive operators ''blue flag'' condition. The locomotive safety device is adapted to removably engaged with a locomotive multipins receptacle and comprises a multi-perforate plug including electrically conductive bushings adapted to be removably inserted into electrically conductive relationship with appropriately selected individual pins of the multi-pins receptacle.

Kleffman, D.R.; Phiffer, L.V.

1987-01-20

222

Thermoplastic tape compaction device  

DOEpatents

A device is disclosed for bonding a thermoplastic tape to a substrate to form a fully consolidated composite. This device has an endless chain associated with a frame so as to rotate in a plane that is perpendicular to a long dimension of the tape, the chain having pivotally connected chain links with each of the links carrying a flexible foot member that extends outwardly from the chain. A selected number of the foot members contact the tape, after the heating thereof, to cause the heated tape to bond to the substrate. The foot members are each a thin band of metal oriented transversely to the chain, with a flexibility and width and length to contact the tape so as to cause the tape to conform to the substrate to achieve consolidation of the tape and the substrate. A biased leaf-type spring within the frame bears against an inner surface of the chain to provide the compliant pressure necessary to bond the tape to the substrate. The chain is supported by sprockets on shafts rotatably supported in the frame and, in one embodiment, one of the shafts has a drive unit to produce rotation such that the foot members in contact with the tape move at the same speed as the tape. Cooling jets are positioned along the frame to cool the resultant consolidated composite. 5 figures.

Campbell, V.W.

1994-12-27

223

Captive Fastener Device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A captive fastener device is utilized to hold two members together. The device is comprised of a housing which may be securely attached to the first member. Within the housing is a spring which biases a bottom of a first lip of a cup washer. The top of the first lip contacts the top of the housing when the fastener is not engaged. The fastener has a ledge at the bottom of the fastener head which rests on a top surface of a second lip of the cup washer. The bottom surface of the second lip contacts the first member when the fastener has fully engaged the second member to secure the first and second members together. The first lip of the cup washer has a greater diameter than the second lip. The first lip also has a greater diameter than the fastener. When the fastener is not engaged, a top surface of the first lip engages a bottom surface of the top of the housing. The housing top has an access hole of smaller diameter than the outer diameter of the fastener head which retains the fastener within the housing when the fastener is not engaging the second member.

Dowling, Timothy Edward (Inventor)

2002-01-01

224

Remotely controllable actuating device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An actuating device can change a position of an active member that remains in substantially the same position in the absence of a force of a predetermined magnitude on the active member. The actuating device comprises a shape-memory alloy actuating member for exerting a force when actuated by changing the temperature thereof, which shape-memory alloy actuating member has a portion for connection to the active member for exerting thereon a force having a magnitude at least as large as the predetermined magnitude for moving the active member to a desired position. Actuation circuitry is provided for actuating the shape-memory alloy actuating member by changing the temperature thereof only for the time necessary to move the active member to the desired position. The invention is particularly useful for changing the position of a camber-adjusting tab on a helicopter rotor blade by using two shape-memory alloy members that can act against each other to adjust dynamic properties of the rotor blade as it is rotating.

McKillip, Jr., Robert M. (Inventor)

1998-01-01

225

Multichannel optical sensing device  

DOEpatents

A multichannel optical sensing device is disclosed, for measuring the outdoor sky luminance or illuminance or the luminance or illuminance distribution in a room, comprising a plurality of light receptors, an optical shutter matrix including a plurality of liquid crystal optical shutter elements operable by electrical control signals between light transmitting and light stopping conditions, fiber optical elements connected between the receptors and the shutter elements, a microprocessor based programmable control unit for selectively supplying control signals to the optical shutter elements in a programmable sequence, a photodetector including an optical integrating spherical chamber having an input port for receiving the light from the shutter matrix and at least one detector element in the spherical chamber for producing output signals corresponding to the light, and output units for utilizing the output signals including a storage unit having a control connection to the microprocessor based programmable control unit for storing the output signals under the sequence control of the programmable control unit.

Selkowitz, S.E.

1985-08-16

226

Capacitance measuring device  

DOEpatents

A capacitance measuring circuit is provided in which an unknown capacitance is measured by comparing the charge stored in the unknown capacitor with that stored in a known capacitance. Equal and opposite voltages are repetitively simultaneously switched onto the capacitors through an electronic switch driven by a pulse generator to charge the capacitors during the ''on'' portion of the cycle. The stored charge is compared by summing discharge currents flowing through matched resistors at the input of a current sensor during the ''off'' portion of the switching cycle. The net current measured is thus proportional to the difference in value of the two capacitances. The circuit is capable of providing much needed accuracy and stability to a great variety of capacitance-based measurement devices at a relatively low cost.

Andrews, W.H. Jr.

1984-08-01

227

Polarization Perception Device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A polarization perception device comprises a base and a polarizing filter having opposite broad sides and a centerline perpendicular thereto. The filter is mounted on the base for relative rotation and with a major portion of the area of the filter substantially unobstructed on either side. A motor on the base automatically moves the filter angularly about its centerline at a speed slow enough to permit changes in light transmission by virtue of such movement to be perceived as light-dark pulses by a human observer, but fast enough so that the light phase of each such pulse occurs prior to fading of the light phase image of the preceding pulse from the observer's retina. In addition to an observer viewing a scene in real time through the filter while it is so angularly moved, or instead of such observation, the scene can be photographed, filmed or taped by a camera whose lens is positioned behind the filter.

Whitehead, Victor S. (Inventor); Coulson, Kinsell L. (Inventor)

1997-01-01

228

Optical storage device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A new holographic image storage device which uses four-wave mixing in two photorefractive crystals is described. Photorefractive crystals promise information storage densities on the order of 10(exp 9) to 10(exp 12) bits per cubic centimeter at real-time rates. Several studies in recent years have investigated the use of photorefractive crystals for storing holographic image information. However, all of the previous studies have focused on techniques for storing information in a single crystal. The disadvantage of using a single crystal is that the read process is destructive. Researchers have developed techniques for fixing the information in a crystal so that it may be read many times. However, when fixed, the information cannot be readily erased and overwritten with new information. It two photorefractive crystals are used, holographic image information may be stored dynamically. That is, the stored image information may be read out more than once, and it may be easily erased and overwritten with new image information.

Welch, Sharon S.

1991-01-01

229

Personal annunciation device  

DOEpatents

A personal annunciation device (PAD) providing, in an area of interest, compensatory annunciation of the presence of an abnormal condition in a hazardous area and accountability of the user of the PAD. Compensatory annunciation supplements primary annunciation provided by an emergency notification system (ENS). A detection system detects an abnormal condition, and a wireless transmission system transmits a wireless transmission to the PAD. The PAD has a housing enclosing the components of the PAD including a communication module for receiving the wireless transmission, a power supply, processor, memory, annunciation system, and RFID module. The RFID module has an RFID receiver that listens for an RFID transmission from an RFID reader disposed in a portal of an area of interest. The PAD identifies the transmission and changes its operating state based on the transmission. The RFID readers recognize, record, and transmit the state of the PAD to a base station providing accountability of the wearer.

Angelo, Peter (Oak Ridge, TN); Younkin, James (Oak Ridge, TN); DeMint, Paul (Kingston, TN)

2011-01-25

230

Fine particulate capture device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

To capture fine particulate matter in a gas such as air, a dielectric fluid is directed to the center of whichever face of a rotating disc is exposed to the air flow. The disc is comprised of two or more segments which bear opposite electrostatic potentials. As the dielectric fluid is centrifuged towards the periphery of the rotating disc, the fluid becomes charged to the same potential as the segment over which it is passing. Particulate matter is attracted to the charged segment and is captured by the fluid. The fluid then carries the captured particulate matter to a collection device such as a toroidal container disposed around the periphery of the disc. A grounded electrically-conductive ring may be disposed at the outer periphery of the disc to neutralize the captured particles and the fluid before they enter the container.

Peterson, V. S.; Siewert, R. D. (inventors)

1979-01-01

231

Multichannel optical sensing device  

DOEpatents

A multichannel optical sensing device is disclosed, for measuring the outr sky luminance or illuminance or the luminance or illuminance distribution in a room, comprising a plurality of light receptors, an optical shutter matrix including a plurality of liquid crystal optical shutter elements operable by electrical control signals between light transmitting and light stopping conditions, fiber optic elements connected between the receptors and the shutter elements, a microprocessor based programmable control unit for selectively supplying control signals to the optical shutter elements in a programmable sequence, a photodetector including an optical integrating spherical chamber having an input port for receiving the light from the shutter matrix and at least one detector element in the spherical chamber for producing output signals corresponding to the light, and output units for utilizing the output signals including a storage unit having a control connection to the microprocessor based programmable control unit for storing the output signals under the sequence control of the programmable control unit.

Selkowitz, Stephen E. (Piedmont, CA)

1990-01-01

232

Value contamination avoidance devices  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Mechanical redesign methods were used to minimize contamination damage of conventional fluid components and a contamination separator device was developed for long term reusable space vehicles. These were incorporated into an existing 50.8 mm poppet valve and tested for damage tolerance in a full size open loop flow system with gaseous and liquid nitrogen. Cyclic and steady flow conditions were tested with particles of 125 to 420 micrometers aluminum oxide dispersed in the test fluids. Nonflow life tests (100,000 cycles) were made with two valve configurations in gaseous hydrogen. The redesigned valve had an acceptable cycle life and improved tolerance to contamination damage when the primary sealing surfaces were coated with thin coatings of hard plastic (Teflon S and Kynar). Analytical studies and flow testing were completed of four different versions of the separator. overall separation efficiencies in the 55-90% range were measured with these non-optimum configurations.

Endicott, D. L.

1975-01-01

233

Cathodochromic storage device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A memory and display device has been developed by combing a fast phosphor layer with a cathodochromic layer in a cathode ray tube. Images are stored as patterns of electron beam induced optical density in the cathodo-chromic material. The stored information is recovered by exciting the backing, fast phosphor layer with a constant current electron beam and detecting the emitted radiation which is modulated by absorption in the cathodochromic layer. The storage can be accomplished in one or more TV frames (1/30 sec each). More than 500 TV line resolution and close to 2:1 contrast ratio are possible. The information storage time in a dark environment is approximately 24 hours. A reconstituted (readout) electronic video signal can be generated continuously for times in excess of 10 minutes or periodically for several hours.

Bosomworth, D. R.; Moles, W. H.

1969-01-01

234

False color viewing device  

DOEpatents

A viewing device for observing objects in near-infrared false-color comprising a pair of goggles with one or more filters in the apertures, and pads that engage the face for blocking stray light from the sides so that all light reaching the user's eyes come through the filters. The filters attenuate most visible light and pass near-infrared (having wavelengths longer than approximately 700 nm) and a small amount of blue-green and blue-violet (having wavelengths in the 500 to 520 nm and shorter than 435 nm, respectively). The goggles are useful for looking at vegetation to identify different species and for determining the health of the vegetation, and to detect some forms of camouflage. 7 figs.

Kronberg, J.W.

1992-10-20

235

False color viewing device  

DOEpatents

A viewing device for observing objects in near-infrared false-color comprising a pair of goggles with one or more filters in the apertures, and pads that engage the face for blocking stray light from the sides so that all light reaching the user's eyes come through the filters. The filters attenuate most visible light and pass near-infrared (having wavelengths longer than approximately 700 nm) and a small amount of blue-green and blue-violet (having wavelengths in the 500 to 520 nm and shorter than 435 nm, respectively). The goggles are useful for looking at vegetation to identify different species and for determining the health of the vegetation, and to detect some forms of camouflage.

Kronberg, James W. (108 Independent Blvd., Aiken, SC 29801)

1992-01-01

236

Electrical safety device  

DOEpatents

An electrical safety device for use in power tools that is designed to automatically discontinue operation of the power tool upon physical contact of the tool with a concealed conductive material. A step down transformer is used to supply the operating power for a disconnect relay and a reset relay. When physical contact is made between the power tool and the conductive material, an electrical circuit through the disconnect relay is completed and the operation of the power tool is automatically interrupted. Once the contact between the tool and conductive material is broken, the power tool can be quickly and easily reactivated by a reset push button activating the reset relay. A remote reset is provided for convenience and efficiency of operation.

White, David B. (Greenock, PA)

1991-01-01

237

Ceramics for fusion devices  

SciTech Connect

Ceramics are required for a number of applications in fusion devices, among the most critical of which are magnetic coil insulators, windows for RF heating systems, and structural uses. Radiation effects dominate consideration of candidate materials, although good pre-irradiation properties are a requisite. Materials and components can be optimized by careful control of chemical and microstructural content, and application of brittle material design and testing techniques. Future directions for research and development should include further extension of the data base in the areas of electrical, structural, and thermal properties; establishment of a fission neutron/fusion neutron correlation including transmutation gas effects; and development of new materials tailored to meet the specific needs of fusion reactors.

Clinard, F.W. Jr.

1984-01-01

238

Tunable surface plasmon devices  

DOEpatents

A tunable extraordinary optical transmission (EOT) device wherein the tunability derives from controlled variation of the dielectric constant of a semiconducting material (semiconductor) in evanescent-field contact with a metallic array of sub-wavelength apertures. The surface plasmon resonance wavelength can be changed by changing the dielectric constant of the dielectric material. In embodiments of this invention, the dielectric material is a semiconducting material. The dielectric constant of the semiconducting material in the metal/semiconductor interfacial region is controllably adjusted by adjusting one or more of the semiconductor plasma frequency, the concentration and effective mass of free carriers, and the background high-frequency dielectric constant in the interfacial region. Thermal heating and/or voltage-gated carrier-concentration changes may be used to variably adjust the value of the semiconductor dielectric constant.

Shaner, Eric A. (Rio Rancho, NM); Wasserman, Daniel (Lowell, MA)

2011-08-30

239

Nuclear reactor safety device  

DOEpatents

A safety device is described for use in a nuclear reactor for axially repositioning a control rod with respect to the reactor core in the event of a thermal excursion. It comprises a laminated strip helically configured to form a tube, said tube being in operative relation to said control rod. The laminated strip is formed of at least two materials having different thermal coefficients of expansion, and is helically configured such that the material forming the outer lamina of the tube has a greater thermal coefficient of expansion than the material forming the inner lamina of said tube. In the event of a thermal excursion the laminated strip will tend to curl inwardly so that said tube will increase in length, whereby as said tube increases in length it exerts a force on said control rod to axially reposition said control rod with respect to said core.

Hutter, E.

1983-08-15

240

Air bag restraint device  

DOEpatents

A rear-seat air bag restraint device is disclosed that prevents an individual, or individuals, from continuing violent actions while being transported in a patrol vehicle`s rear seat without requiring immediate physical contact by the law enforcement officer. The air bag is activated by a control switch in the front seat and inflates to independently restrict the amount of physical activity occurring in the rear seat of the vehicle while allowing the officer to safely stop the vehicle. The air bag can also provide the officer additional time to get backup personnel to aid him if the situation warrants it. The bag is inflated and maintains a constant pressure by an air pump. 8 figs.

Marts, D.J.; Richardson, J.G.

1995-10-17

241

Air bag restraint device  

DOEpatents

A rear-seat air bag restraint device is disclosed that prevents an individual, or individuals, from continuing violent actions while being transported in a patrol vehicle's rear seat without requiring immediate physical contact by the law enforcement officer. The air bag is activated by a control switch in the front seat and inflates to independently restrict the amount of physical activity occurring in the rear seat of the vehicle while allowing the officer to safely stop the vehicle. The air bag can also provide the officer additional time to get backup personnel to aid him if the situation warrants it. The bag is inflated and maintains a constant pressure by an air pump.

Marts, Donna J. (Idaho Falls, ID); Richardson, John G. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1995-01-01

242

Magnetoelectric Devices for Spintronics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The control of magnetism by electric fields is an important goal for the future development of low-power spintronics. Various approaches have been proposed on the basis of either single-phase multiferroic materials or hybrid structures in which a ferromagnet is influenced by the electric field applied to an adjacent insulator (usually having a ferroelectric, piezoelectric, or multiferroic character). The electric field effect on magnetism can be driven by purely electronic or electrostatic effects or can occur through strain coupling. Here we review progress in the electrical control of magnetic properties (anisotropy, spin order, ordering temperature, domain structure) and its application to prototype spintronic devices (spin valves, magnetic tunnel junctions). We tentatively identify the main outstanding difficulties and give perspectives for spintronics and other fields.

Fusil, S.; Garcia, V.; Barthélémy, A.; Bibes, M.

2014-07-01

243

Torsional Magnetorheological Device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A magnetorheological device comprising a housing having a divider within the housing is disclosed and claimed. A rotary impeller having two paddles is rotatably mounted within the housing. The rotary impeller sealingly engages the divider and the paddles in combination with the divider forms a first chamber and a second chamber. Magnetorheological fluid resides in the chambers and a passageway interconnects the first and second chambers. A coil surrounds a portion of the passageway such that when energized the magnetorheological fluid solidifies plugging the passageway. As the impeller rotates, it pushes the incompressible fluid against the divider in the housing and the plug in the passageway and retards and/or stops the motion of the impeller.

Arnold, Steven M. (Inventor); Penney, Nicholas (Inventor)

2008-01-01

244

Efficient thermoelectric device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A high efficiency thermo electric device comprising a multi nanolayer structure of alternating insulator and insulator/metal material that is irradiated across the plane of the layer structure with ionizing radiation. The ionizing radiation produces nanocrystals in the layered structure that increase the electrical conductivity and decrease the thermal conductivity thereby increasing the thermoelectric figure of merit. Figures of merit as high as 2.5 have been achieved using layers of co-deposited gold and silicon dioxide interspersed with layers of silicon dioxide. The gold to silicon dioxide ratio was 0.04. 5 MeV silicon ions were used to irradiate the structure. Other metals and insulators may be substituted. Other ionizing radiation sources may be used. The structure tolerates a wide range of metal to insulator ratio.

Ila, Daryush (Inventor)

2010-01-01

245

21 CFR 801.109 - Prescription devices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Prescription devices. 801.109 Section 801.109...AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES LABELING Exemptions From Adequate...Use § 801.109 Prescription devices. A device which,...

2010-04-01

246

21 CFR 801.109 - Prescription devices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Prescription devices. 801.109 Section 801.109...AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES LABELING Exemptions From Adequate...Use § 801.109 Prescription devices. A device which,...

2013-04-01

247

21 CFR 868.5675 - Rebreathing device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Rebreathing device. 868.5675 Section 868.5675 Food and...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES ANESTHESIOLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 868.5675...

2013-04-01

248

21 CFR 868.5675 - Rebreathing device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Rebreathing device. 868.5675 Section 868.5675 Food and...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES ANESTHESIOLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 868.5675...

2010-04-01

249

21 CFR 801.109 - Prescription devices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 false Prescription devices. 801.109 Section 801.109...AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES LABELING Exemptions From Adequate...Use § 801.109 Prescription devices. A device which,...

2014-04-01

250

21 CFR 801.109 - Prescription devices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 false Prescription devices. 801.109 Section 801.109...AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES LABELING Exemptions From Adequate...Use § 801.109 Prescription devices. A device which,...

2012-04-01

251

21 CFR 801.109 - Prescription devices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Prescription devices. 801.109 Section 801.109...AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES LABELING Exemptions From Adequate...Use § 801.109 Prescription devices. A device which,...

2011-04-01

252

16 CFR 1507.8 - Wheel devices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION FEDERAL HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES ACT REGULATIONS FIREWORKS DEVICES § 1507.8 Wheel devices. Drivers in fireworks devices commonly known as “wheels” shall be securely attached to the device so...

2010-01-01

253

16 CFR 1507.8 - Wheel devices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION FEDERAL HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES ACT REGULATIONS FIREWORKS DEVICES § 1507.8 Wheel devices. Drivers in fireworks devices commonly known as “wheels” shall be securely attached to the device so...

2012-01-01

254

16 CFR 1507.8 - Wheel devices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION FEDERAL HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES ACT REGULATIONS FIREWORKS DEVICES § 1507.8 Wheel devices. Drivers in fireworks devices commonly known as “wheels” shall be securely attached to the device so...

2011-01-01

255

16 CFR 1507.8 - Wheel devices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION FEDERAL HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES ACT REGULATIONS FIREWORKS DEVICES § 1507.8 Wheel devices. Drivers in fireworks devices commonly known as “wheels” shall be securely attached to the device so...

2013-01-01

256

16 CFR 1507.8 - Wheel devices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION FEDERAL HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES ACT REGULATIONS FIREWORKS DEVICES § 1507.8 Wheel devices. Drivers in fireworks devices commonly known as “wheels” shall be securely attached to the device so...

2014-01-01

257

Opportunistic, collaborative and synchronized, proximal device ecology  

E-print Network

CoSync is an on-device software framework for coordinating proximal consumer electronic devices in order to create a synchronized, opportunistic and collaborative device ecology. The CoSync device ecology combines multiple ...

Toledano, Eyal

2013-01-01

258

Silicon Nanowire Devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Metal-catalyzed, self-assembled, one-dimensional semiconductor nanowires are being considered as possible device elements to augment and supplant conventional electronics and to extend the use of CMOS beyond the physical and economic limits of conventional technology. Such nanowires can create nanostructures without the complexity and cost of extremely fine scale lithography. The well-known and controllable properties of silicon make silicon nanowires especially attractive. Easy integration with conventional electronics will aid their acceptance and incorporation. For example, connections can be formed to both ends of a nanowire by growing it laterally from a vertical surface formed by etching the top silicon layer of a silicon-on-insulator structure into isolated electrodes. Field-effect structures are one class of devices that can be readily built in silicon nanowires. Because the ratio of surface to volume in a thin nanowire is high, conduction through the nanowire is very sensitive to surface conditions, making it effective as the channel of a field-effect transistor or as the transducing element of a gas or chemical sensor. As the nanowire diameter decreases, a greater fraction of the mobile charge can be modulated by a given external charge, increasing the sensitivity. Having the gate of a nanowire transistor completely surround the nanowire also enhances the sensitivity. For a field-effect sensor to be effective, the charge must be physically close to the nanowire so that the majority of the compensating charge is induced in the nanowire and so that ions in solution do not screen the charge. Because only induced charge is being sensed, a coating that selectively binds the target species should be added to the nanowire surface to distinguish between different species in the analyte. The nanowire work at Hewlett-Packard Laboratories was supported in part by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.

Kamins, Theodore

2006-03-01

259

21 CFR 830.300 - Devices subject to device identification data submission requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES UNIQUE DEVICE IDENTIFICATION Global Unique Device Identification Database § 830.300 Devices subject to device identification data submission requirements. (a) In general. The...

2014-04-01

260

77 FR 36951 - Gastroenterology-Urology Devices; Reclassification of Implanted Blood Access Devices  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Devices; Reclassification of Implanted Blood Access Devices AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration...is proposing to reclassify the implanted blood access device preamendments class III device...recommended that both implanted and nonimplanted blood access devices be classified into...

2012-06-20

261

Sensors and Electrochemical DevicesSensors and Electrochemical Devices LALP-08-047 Summer 2008  

E-print Network

Sensors and Electrochemical DevicesSensors and Electrochemical Devices LALP-08-047 Summer 2008 The Sensors and Electrochemical Devices Group (MPA11) within the Materials Physics and Applications Division conducting polymer electrochemical devices, catalysis, spintronics devices, electrochemical sensor technology

262

21 CFR 801.63 - Medical devices; warning statements for devices containing or manufactured with...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Medical devices; warning statements for devices...HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES LABELING Labeling Requirements...Over-the-Counter Devices § 801.63 Medical devices; warning statements for...

2013-04-01

263

21 CFR 801.63 - Medical devices; warning statements for devices containing or manufactured with...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Medical devices; warning statements for devices...HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES LABELING Labeling Requirements...Over-the-Counter Devices § 801.63 Medical devices; warning statements for...

2011-04-01

264

21 CFR 801.63 - Medical devices; warning statements for devices containing or manufactured with...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Medical devices; warning statements for devices...HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES LABELING Labeling Requirements...Over-the-Counter Devices § 801.63 Medical devices; warning statements for...

2012-04-01

265

21 CFR 801.63 - Medical devices; warning statements for devices containing or manufactured with...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Medical devices; warning statements for devices...HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES LABELING Labeling Requirements...Over-the-Counter Devices § 801.63 Medical devices; warning statements for...

2014-04-01

266

75 FR 55803 - Neurological Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory Committee; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory Committee; Notice...of Committee: Neurological Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory Committee. General...recommendations regarding clinical trial design issues for devices...

2010-09-14

267

Low-Voltage Bypass Device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Improved bypass device provides low-resistance current shunt around low-voltage power cell when cell fails in open-circuit condition during operation. In comparison with older bypass devices for same application, this one weighs less, generates less heat, and has lower voltage drop (less resistance). Bypass device connected in parallel with power cell. Draws very little current during normal operation of cell.

Wilson, J. P.

1994-01-01

268

Human Factors and Medical Devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Medical device hardware- and software-driven user interfaces should be designed to minimize the likelihood of use-related errors and their consequences. The role of design-induced errors in medical device incidents is attracting widespread attention. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is fully cognizant that human factors engineering is critical to the design of safe medical devices, and user interface design

Dick Sawyer

1998-01-01

269

Solid State Devices: Course Materials  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This course provided by eSyst describes solid state devices. An introduction explains the traditional view and systems view of this topic. The course includes numerous instructor presentations and student guides. Topics for these include power amplifier class comparison, device pathology, and the role of devices. A detailed course outline, student learning outcomes, and links to additional online resources are also provided. Users must create a free, quick login in order to download the materials.

270

Microbiopsy/precision cutting devices  

DOEpatents

Devices for performing tissue biopsy on a small scale (microbiopsy). By reducing the size of the biopsy tool and removing only a small amount of tissue or other material in a minimally invasive manner, the risks, costs, injury and patient discomfort associated with traditional biopsy procedures can be reduced. By using micromachining and precision machining capabilities, it is possible to fabricate small biopsy/cutting devices from silicon. These devices can be used in one of four ways 1) intravascularly, 2) extravascularly, 3) by vessel puncture, and 4) externally. Additionally, the devices may be used in precision surgical cutting.

Krulevitch, Peter A. (Pleasanton, CA); Lee, Abraham P. (Walnut Creek, CA); Northrup, M. Allen (Berkeley, CA); Benett, William J. (Livermore, CA)

1999-01-01

271

Structured wafer for device processing  

DOEpatents

A structured wafer that includes through passages is used for device processing. Each of the through passages extends from or along one surface of the structured wafer and forms a pattern on a top surface area of the structured wafer. The top surface of the structured wafer is bonded to a device layer via a release layer. Devices are processed on the device layer, and are released from the structured wafer using etchant. The through passages within the structured wafer allow the etchant to access the release layer to thereby remove the release layer.

Okandan, Murat; Nielson, Gregory N

2014-05-20

272

Microbiopsy/precision cutting devices  

DOEpatents

Devices are disclosed for performing tissue biopsy on a small scale (microbiopsy). By reducing the size of the biopsy tool and removing only a small amount of tissue or other material in a minimally invasive manner, the risks, costs, injury and patient discomfort associated with traditional biopsy procedures can be reduced. By using micromachining and precision machining capabilities, it is possible to fabricate small biopsy/cutting devices from silicon. These devices can be used in one of four ways (1) intravascularly, (2) extravascularly, (3) by vessel puncture, and (4) externally. Additionally, the devices may be used in precision surgical cutting. 6 figs.

Krulevitch, P.A.; Lee, A.P.; Northrup, M.A.; Benett, W.J.

1999-07-27

273

Structured wafer for device processing  

DOEpatents

A structured wafer that includes through passages is used for device processing. Each of the through passages extends from or along one surface of the structured wafer and forms a pattern on a top surface area of the structured wafer. The top surface of the structured wafer is bonded to a device layer via a release layer. Devices are processed on the device layer, and are released from the structured wafer using etchant. The through passages within the structured wafer allow the etchant to access the release layer to thereby remove the release layer.

Okandan, Murat; Nielson, Gregory N

2014-11-25

274

Implantable medical devices MRI safe.  

PubMed

Pacemakers, ICDs, neurostimulators like deep brain stimulator electrodes, spiral cord stimulators, insulin pumps, cochlear implants, retinal implants, hearing aids, electro cardio gram (ECG) leads, or devices in interventional MRI such as vascular guide wires or catheters are affected by MRI magnetic and electromagnetic fields. Design of MRI Safe medical devices requires computer modeling, bench testing, phantom testing, and animal studies. Implanted medical devices can be MRI unsafe, MRI conditional or MRI safe (see glossary). In the following paragraphs we will investigate how to design implanted medical devices MRI safe. PMID:23739365

Dal Molin, Renzo; Hecker, Bertrand

2013-01-01

275

Cable load sensing device  

SciTech Connect

Apparatus for sensing the magnitude of a load on a cable as the cable is employed to support the load includes a beam structure clamped to the cable so that a length of the cable lies along the beam structure. A spacer associated with the beam structure forces a slight curvature in a portion of the length of cable under a cable no-load condition so that the portion of the length of cable is spaced from the beam structure to define a cable curved portion. A strain gauge circuit including strain gauges is secured to the beam structure by welding. As the cable is employed to support a load the load causes the cable curved portion to exert a force normal to the cable through the spacer and on the beam structure to deform the beam structure as the cable curved portion attempts to straighten under the load. As this deformation takes place, the resistance of the strain gauges is set to a value proportional to the magnitude of the normal strain on the beam structure during such deformation. The magnitude of the normal strain is manipulated in a control device to generate a value equal to the magnitude or weight of the load supported by the cable.

Beus, M.J.; McCoy, W.G.

1996-12-31

276

Radiofrequency Gaseous Detection Device.  

PubMed

A radiofrequency gaseous detection device is proposed for use with instruments employing charged particle beams, such as electron microscopes and ion beam technologies, as well as for detection of ionizing radiations as in proportional counters. An alternating (oscillating) electromagnetic field in the radiofrequency range is applied in a gaseous environment of the instrument. Both the frequency and amplitude of oscillation are adjustable. The electron or ion beam interacts with a specimen and releases free electrons in the gas. Similarly, an ionizing radiation source releases free electrons in the gas. The free electrons are acted upon by the alternating electromagnetic field and undergo an oscillatory motion resulting in multiple collisions with the gas molecules, or atoms. At sufficiently low pressures, the oscillating electrons also collide with surrounding walls. These processes result in an amplified electron signal and an amplified photon signal in a controlled discharge. The amplified signals, which are proportional to the initial number of free electrons, are collected by suitable means for further processing and analysis. PMID:10675439

Danilatos

2000-01-01

277

Material bagging device  

DOEpatents

A bagging device for transferring material from one chamber through an opening in a wall to a second chamber includes a cylindrical housing communicating with the opening and defining a passage between the chambers. A cylindrical cartridge is slidably received within the housing. The cartridge has a substantially rigid cylindrical sleeve to which is affixed a pliable tube. The pliable tube is positioned concentrically about the sleeve and has a pleated portion capable of unfolding from the sleeve and a closed end extending over a terminal end of the sleeve. Sealing means are interposed in sealed relationship between the cartridge and the housing. Material from one chamber is inserted into the cartridge secured in the housing and received in the closed end of the tube which unfolds into the other chamber enclosing the material therein. The tube may then be sealed behind the material and then severed to form a bag-like enclosure defined by the tube's closed terminal end and the new seal. The new seal then forms a terminal end for the unsevered portion of the pliable tube into which additional material may be placed and the bagging process repeated.

Wach, Charles G. (Oak Lawn, IL); Nelson, Robert E. (Lombard, IL); Brak, Stephen B. (Tinley Park, IL)

1984-01-01

278

Cable load sensing device  

DOEpatents

Apparatus for sensing the magnitude of a load on a cable as the cable is employed to support the load includes a beam structure clamped to the cable so that a length of the cable lies along the beam structure. A spacer associated with the beam structure forces a slight curvature in a portion of the length of cable under a cable "no-load" condition so that the portion of the length of cable is spaced from the beam structure to define a cable curved portion. A strain gauge circuit including strain gauges is secured to the beam structure by welding. As the cable is employed to support a load the load causes the cable curved portion to exert a force normal to the cable through the spacer and on the beam structure to deform the beam structure as the cable curved portion attempts to straighten under the load. As this deformation takes place, the resistance of the strain gauges is set to a value proportional to the magnitude of the normal strain on the beam structure during such deformation. The magnitude of the normal strain is manipulated in a control device to generate a value equal to the magnitude or weight of the load supported by the cable.

Beus, Michael J. (Spokane, WA); McCoy, William G. (Spokane, WA)

1998-01-01

279

Prosthetic iris devices.  

PubMed

Congenital iris defects may usually present either as subtotal aniridia or colobomatous iris defects. Acquired iris defects are secondary to penetrating iris injury, iatrogenic after surgical excision of iris tumours, collateral trauma after anterior segment surgery, or can be postinflammatory in nature. These iris defects can cause severe visual disability in the form of glare, loss of contrast sensitivity, and loss of best corrected visual acuity. The structural loss of iris can be reconstructed with iris suturing, use of prosthetic iris implants, or by a combination of these, depending on the relative amount of residual iris stromal tissue and health of the underlying pigment epithelium. Since the first implant of a black iris diaphragm posterior chamber intraocular lens in 1994, advances in material and design technology over the last decade have led to advances in the prosthetic material, surgical technique, and instrumentation in the field of prosthetic iris implants. In this article, we review the classification of iris defects, types of iris prosthetic devices, implantation techniques, and complications. PMID:24513351

Srinivasan, Sathish; Ting, Darren S J; Snyder, Michael E; Prasad, Somdutt; Koch, Hans-Reinhard

2014-02-01

280

Integrated Biological-Semiconductor Devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

The advent of semiconductor devices with nanoscale dimensions creates the potential to integrate nanoelectronics and optoelectronic devices with a great variety of biological systems. Moreover, the advances in nanotechnology are opening the way to achieving direct electrical contact of nanoelectronic structures with electrically and electrochemically active subcellular structures-including ion channels, receptors, and transmembrane proteins such as bacteriorhodopsin. Direct electrical interfacing

MICHAEL A. STROSCIO; MITRA DUTTA

2005-01-01

281

Lithography for Advanced Supercomputing Devices  

E-print Network

Lithography for Advanced Supercomputing Devices P R O J E C T L E A D E R S : Roy Yu, Ben Fletcher and correcting device misalignment in multi-wafer assemblies for next-generation supercomputers. K E Y A C C O M for the registration errors in bonded wafer stacks, enabling assembly of a functioning supercomputer system module

282

Ventricular assist devices in pediatrics  

PubMed Central

The implantation of a mechanical circulatory device for end-stage ventricular failure is a possible therapeutic approach in adult and pediatric cardiac surgery and cardiology. The aim of this article is to present mechanical circulatory assist devices used in infants and children with special emphasis on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, Berlin Heart assist device, centrifugal pump and Medos assist device. The success of long-term support with implantable ventricular assist devices in adults and children has led to their increasing use as a bridge to transplantation in patients with otherwise non-treatable left ventricular failure, by transforming a terminal phase heart condition into a treatable cardiopathy. Such therapy allows rehabilitation of patients before elective cardiac transplantation (by removing contraindications to transplantation mainly represented by organ impairment) or acting as a bridge to recovery of the native left ventricular function (depending on underlying cardiac disease). Treatment may also involve permanent device implantation when cardiac transplantation is contraindicated. Indications for the implantation of assisted circulation include all states of cardiac failure that are reversible within a variable period of time or that require heart transplantation. This article will address the current status of ventricular assist devices by examining historical aspects of its development, current technical issues and clinical features of pediatric ventricular assist devices, including indications and contraindications for support. PMID:22368605

Fuchs, A; Netz, H

2001-01-01

283

Spring 2014 Device versus ice  

E-print Network

Spring 2014 Device versus ice U surgeons breathe new life into the practice of lung transplantation transportation instead of the standard practice of putting them on ice. The machine pumps blood and oxygen are virtually alive until they reach their recipient. The device also may be able to rescue marginal lungs

Minnesota, University of

284

Mobile Device Policy & Program Considerations  

E-print Network

Page 1 Mobile Device Policy & Program Considerations To BYOD or not to BYOD (bring to manage the use of mobile devices within their corporate resources. Every business will naturally have different mobility requirements, and developing a policy in the first place, let alone an appropriate policy

Fisher, Kathleen

285

NFC Devices: Security and Privacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to show security measures for NFC (Near Field Communication) use cases and devices. We give a brief overview over NFC technology and evaluate the implementation of NFC in devices. Out of this technology review we derive different use cases and applications based on NFC technology. Based on the use cases we show assets and

Gerald Madlmayr; Josef Langer; Christian Kantner; Josef Scharinger

2008-01-01

286

Reliable Design of Medical Devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of a medical device is a complex process. It requires the integration of a range of diverse disciplines, activities, and regulatory requirements, all of which must be achieved to ensure that the final result is a safe, effective and competitive product. While much of the information required in the process of device development is already in the pubic

S J Meldrum

1998-01-01

287

SAW-Modulated Image Device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Imaging device uses surface-acoustic-wave (SAW) charge transfer for image readout. Spatial resolution of image changed electronically by changing frequency of applied signal. Surface acoustic waves create traveling longitudinal electric fields. These fields create potential wells that carry along stored charges. Charges injected into wells by photoelectric conversion when light strikes device.

Benz, H. F.

1985-01-01

288

A hand gesture interface device  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on the development of a hand to machine interface device that provides real-time gesture, position and orientation information. The key element is a glove and the device as a whole incorporates a collection of technologies. Analog flex sensors on the glove measure finger bending. Hand position and orientation are measured either by ultrasonics, providing five degrees of

Thomas G. Zimmerman; Jaron Lanier; Chuck Blanchard; Steve Bryson; Young Harvill

1986-01-01

289

The Museum of Unworkable Devices  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site includes a collection of diagrams and pictures of devices, many patented, whose intended operations violate the laws of physics. The site focuses mostly on perpetual motion machines, but also has pages on simply impractical devices or artistic impossibilities. The site is also available in Portugese.

Simanek, Donald

2004-12-15

290

Packaging of optical MEMS devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, optical MEMS devices have gained considerable attention in the telecommunications industry -- particularly in the optical networking and switching arenas. Since optical MEMS are micro-systems which rely on high precision optics, electronics and mechanics working in close concert, these emerging devices pose some unique packaging challenges yet to be addressed by the general packaging industry. Optical MEMS packages often

Yee L. Low; Ronald E. Scotti; David A. Ramsey; Cristian A. Bolle; Steven P. O'Neill; Khanh C. Nguyen

2001-01-01

291

Device For Sampling Surface Contamination  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Specially designed cotton swab suitable for use in clean room. Contamination-sampling device improved version of basic cotton-tipped wooden applicator, designed for extreme cleanliness and to enhance utility for sampling according to exacting specifications. Device does not shed cotton and wood fibers.

Delgado, Felix A.; Stern, Susan M.

1995-01-01

292

Nanoscale wicking methods and devices  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A fluid transport method and fluid transport device are disclosed. Nanoscale fibers disposed in a patterned configuration allow transport of a fluid in absence of an external power source. The device may include two or more fluid transport components having different fluid transport efficiencies. The components may be separated by additional fluid transport components, to control fluid flow.

Zhou, Jijie (Inventor); Bronikowski, Michael (Inventor); Noca, Flavio (Inventor); Sansom, Elijah B. (Inventor)

2011-01-01

293

Smartphone Device Detects HIV, Syphilis  

MedlinePLUS

... please enable JavaScript. Smartphone Device Detects HIV, Syphilis Low-cost accessory replicates laboratory-based blood test, researchers report (* ... has been developed by Columbia University researchers. The low-cost device can spot markers of the infectious diseases ...

294

Fieldbus Device United Integration Architecture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Device integration techniques are necessary to integrate fieldbus devices into systems. EDDL and FDT (referred as E&F) are two major techniques. But they are not consistent with each other. Due to lack of mutual migration paths to integrate the two kinds of products, Information Island may be formed. It's hard for users to take choice. If both techniques were adopted,

Zhang Yu; Liu Feng

2010-01-01

295

Novel devices in ESD protection  

Microsoft Academic Search

ESD protection circuits are part of any electronic circuit to ensure robustness against electrical surges. The choice of the ESD protection concept strongly depends on the IO devices. The integration of devices like DeMOS for high voltage interfaces in system on chip applications and multigate FETs in advanced CMOS requires new process optimization strategies taking into account the high current

H. Gossner; J. Schneider

2007-01-01

296

Photo-designed terahertz devices  

PubMed Central

Technologies are being developed to manipulate electromagnetic waves using artificially structured materials such as photonic crystals and metamaterials, with the goal of creating primary optical devices. For example, artificial metallic periodic structures show potential for the construction of devices operating in the terahertz frequency regime. Here we demonstrate the fabrication of photo-designed terahertz devices that enable the real-time, wide-range frequency modulation of terahertz electromagnetic waves. These devices are comprised of a photo-induced, planar periodic-conductive structure formed by the irradiation of a silicon surface using a spatially modulated, femtosecond optical pulsed laser. We also show that the modulation frequency can be tuned by the structural periodicity, but is hardly affected by the excitation power of the optical pump pulse. We expect that our findings will pave the way for the construction of all-optical compact operating devices, such as optical integrated circuits, thereby eliminating the need for materials fabrication processes. PMID:22355638

Okada, Takanori; Tanaka, Koichiro

2011-01-01

297

A new multicolor electroluminescent device  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new multicolor ac thin-film electroluminescent device is hereby proposed. This device differs from usual devices in the structure of its active layer, i.e., the additional layer (``gate layer'') is buried in ZnS active layers. Thus, the structure of the device is a glass substrate: SnOx-Y2O3-ZnS:SmF3-gate layer-ZnS:ErF3-Y2O3-Al. In particular, when the gate layer is a thin SmF3 film (approximately 500 Å) or an extremely thin Al film (approximately 100 Å), the emission color of the device continuously varies between red and green with the driving voltage or frequency.

Hirate, Takashi; Ito, Takahiro; Hikasa, Mitsutoshi

1985-02-01

298

Triboluminescent tamper-indicating device  

DOEpatents

A tamper-indicating device is described. The device has a transparent or translucent cylindrical body that includes triboluminescent material, and an outer opaque layer that prevents ambient light from entering. A chamber in the body holds an undeveloped piece of photographic film bearing an image. The device is assembled from two body members. One of the body members includes a recess for storing film and an optical assembly that can be adjusted to prevent light from passing through the assembly and exposing the film. To use the device with a hasp, the body members are positioned on opposite sides of a hasp, inserted through the hasp, and attached. The optical assembly is then manipulated to allow any light generated from the triboluminescent materials during a tampering activity that damages the device to reach the film and destroy the image on the film.

Johnston, Roger G. (Los Alamos, NM); Garcia, Anthony R. E. (Espanola, NM)

2002-01-01

299

Automatic Mechetronic Wheel Light Device  

DOEpatents

A wheel lighting device for illuminating a wheel of a vehicle to increase safety and enhance aesthetics. The device produces the appearance of a "ring of light" on a vehicle's wheels as the vehicle moves. The "ring of light" can automatically change in color and/or brightness according to a vehicle's speed, acceleration, jerk, selection of transmission gears, and/or engine speed. The device provides auxiliary indicator lights by producing light in conjunction with a vehicle's turn signals, hazard lights, alarm systems, and etc. The device comprises a combination of mechanical and electronic components and can be placed on the outer or inner surface of a wheel or made integral to a wheel or wheel cover. The device can be configured for all vehicle types, and is electrically powered by a vehicle's electrical system and/or battery.

Khan, Mohammed John Fitzgerald (Silver Spring, MD)

2004-09-14

300

III-Nitride UV Devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The need for efficient, compact and robust solid-state UV optical sources and sensors had stimulated the development of optical devices based on III-nitride material system. Rapid progress in material growth, device fabrication and packaging enabled demonstration of high efficiency visible-blind and solar-blind photodetectors, deep-UV light-emitting diodes with emission from 400 to 250 nm, and UV laser diodes with operation wavelengths ranging from 340 to 350 nm. Applications of these UV optical devices include flame sensing; fluorescence-based biochemical sensing; covert communications; air, water and food purification and disinfection; and biomedical instrumentation. This paper provides a review of recent advances in the development of UV optical devices. Performance of state-of-the-art devices as well as future prospects and challenges are discussed.

Asif Khan, M.; Shatalov, M.; Maruska, H. P.; Wang, H. M.; Kuokstis, E.

2005-10-01

301

Radiology of cardiac devices and their complications.  

PubMed

This article familiarizes the reader with several different cardiac devices including pacemakers and implantable cardioverter defibrillators, intra-aortic balloon pumps, ventricular assist devices, valve replacements and repairs, shunt-occluding devices and passive constraint devices. Many cardiac devices are routinely encountered in clinical practice. Other devices are in the early stages of development, but circumstances suggest that they too will become commonly found. The radiologist must be familiar with these devices and their complications. PMID:25411826

Dipoce, J; Bernheim, A; Spindola-Franco, H

2015-02-01

302

Biocompatibility of implantable biomedical devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Biomedical devices have been broadly used to treat human disease, especially chronic diseases where pharmaceuticals are less effective. Heart valve and artificial joint are examples. Biomedical devices perform by delivering therapies such as electric stimulations, mechanical supports and biological actions. While the uses of biomedical devices are highly successful they can trigger adverse biological reactions as well. The property that medical devices perform with intended functions but not causing unacceptable adverse effects was called biocompatibility in the early time. As our understanding of biomaterial-biological interactions getting broader, biocompatibility has more meanings. In this talk, I will present some adverse biological reactions observed with implantable biomedical devices. Among them are surface fouling of implantable sensors, calcification with vascular devices, restenosis with stents, foreign particle migration and mechanical fractures of devices due to inflammation reactions. While these effects are repeatable, there are very few quantitative data and theories to define them. The purpose of this presentation is to introduce this biocompatibility concept to biophysicists to stimulate research interests at different angles. An open question is how to quantitatively understand the biocompatibility that, like many other biological processes, has not been quantified experimentally.

Lyu, Suping

2008-03-01

303

Optimization of Micromachined Photon Devices  

SciTech Connect

The Oak Ridge National Laboratory has been instrumental in developing ultraprecision technologies for the fabrication of optical devices. We are currently extending our ultraprecision capabilities to the design, fabrication, and testing of micro-optics and MEMS devices. Techniques have been developed in our lab for fabricating micro-devices using single point diamond turning and ion milling. The devices we fabricated can be used in micro-scale interferometry, micro-positioners, micro-mirrors, and chemical sensors. In this paper, we focus on the optimization of microstructure performance using finite element analysis and the experimental validation of those results. We also discuss the fabrication of such structures and the optical testing of the devices. The performance is simulated using finite element analysis to optimize geometric and material parameters. The parameters we studied include bimaterial coating thickness effects; device length, width, and thickness effects, as well as changes in the geometry itself. This optimization results in increased sensitivity of these structures to absorbed incoming energy, which is important for photon detection or micro-mirror actuation. We have investigated and tested multiple geometries. The devices were fabricated using focused ion beam milling, and their response was measured using a chopped photon source and laser triangulation techniques. Our results are presented and discussed.

Datskos, P.G.; Datskou, I.; Evans, B.M., III; Rajic, S.

1999-07-18

304

Electrically Variable Resistive Memory Devices  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Nonvolatile electronic memory devices that store data in the form of electrical- resistance values, and memory circuits based on such devices, have been invented. These devices and circuits exploit an electrically-variable-resistance phenomenon that occurs in thin films of certain oxides that exhibit the colossal magnetoresistive (CMR) effect. It is worth emphasizing that, as stated in the immediately preceding article, these devices function at room temperature and do not depend on externally applied magnetic fields. A device of this type is basically a thin film resistor: it consists of a thin film of a CMR material located between, and in contact with, two electrical conductors. The application of a short-duration, low-voltage current pulse via the terminals changes the electrical resistance of the film. The amount of the change in resistance depends on the size of the pulse. The direction of change (increase or decrease of resistance) depends on the polarity of the pulse. Hence, a datum can be written (or a prior datum overwritten) in the memory device by applying a pulse of size and polarity tailored to set the resistance at a value that represents a specific numerical value. To read the datum, one applies a smaller pulse - one that is large enough to enable accurate measurement of resistance, but small enough so as not to change the resistance. In writing, the resistance can be set to any value within the dynamic range of the CMR film. Typically, the value would be one of several discrete resistance values that represent logic levels or digits. Because the number of levels can exceed 2, a memory device of this type is not limited to binary data. Like other memory devices, devices of this type can be incorporated into a memory integrated circuit by laying them out on a substrate in rows and columns, along with row and column conductors for electrically addressing them individually or collectively.

Liu, Shangqing; Wu, Nai-Juan; Ignatiev, Alex; Charlson, E. J.

2010-01-01

305

Phenomenological modeling of memristive devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a computationally inexpensive yet accurate phenomenological model of memristive behavior in titanium dioxide devices by fitting experimental data. By design, the model predicts most accurately I-V relation at small non-disturbing electrical stresses, which is often the most critical range of operation for circuit modeling. While the choice of fitting functions is motivated by the switching and conduction mechanisms of particular titanium dioxide devices, the proposed modeling methodology is general enough to be applied to different types of memory devices which feature smooth non-abrupt resistance switching.

Merrikh Bayat, F.; Hoskins, B.; Strukov, D. B.

2015-01-01

306

Streamline-based microfluidic device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The present invention provides a streamline-based device and a method for using the device for continuous separation of particles including cells in biological fluids. The device includes a main microchannel and an array of side microchannels disposed on a substrate. The main microchannel has a plurality of stagnation points with a predetermined geometric design, for example, each of the stagnation points has a predetermined distance from the upstream edge of each of the side microchannels. The particles are separated and collected in the side microchannels.

Tai, Yu-Chong (Inventor); Zheng, Siyang (Inventor); Kasdan, Harvey (Inventor)

2013-01-01

307

CIRSE Vascular Closure Device Registry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  Vascular closure devices are routinely used after many vascular interventional radiology procedures. However, there have been\\u000a no major multicenter studies to assess the safety and effectiveness of the routine use of closure devices in interventional\\u000a radiology.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  The CIRSE registry of closure devices with an anchor and a plug started in January 2009 and ended in August 2009. A total\\u000a of

Jim A. ReekersStefan; Stefan Müller-Hülsbeck; Martin Libicher; Eli Atar; Jens Trentmann; Pierre Goffette; Jan Borggrefe; Kamil Zele?ák; Pieter Hooijboer; Anna-Maria Belli

2011-01-01

308

Recent medical devices for tonsillectomy.  

PubMed

The most frequent and probably the earliest described surgical intervention of ENT field is tonsillectomy. Various methods were described and devices were invented up to now in order to increase safety and decrease time consumption and complications. All new created devices promises lower intraoperative blood loss, intraoperative time, postoperative pain and bleeding. But with their widely use it is seen that they cannot fulfill what they promise. Debate also continues as to which technique yields the best outcome. This study reports a summary for common medical devices which were previously used in tonsillectomy. PMID:23930051

Sayin, I; Cingi, C

2012-01-01

309

A Device Integration Framework Based on Service  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electronic device description language (EDDL) and field device tool (FDT) are two major device integration technologies. EDDL uses descriptive text files to describe attributes of devices. FDT uses programmed software components for integration. Both technologies have shortcomings and need improvement. This paper analyses the disadvantages of EDDL and FDT, then proposes a new device integration framework based on service (DIFS).

Liu Feng; Zhang Yu

2009-01-01

310

High-temperature-measuring device  

DOEpatents

A temperature measuring device for very high design temperatures (to 2000/sup 0/C) is described. The device comprises a homogenous base structure preferably in the form of a sphere or cylinder. The base structure contains a large number of individual walled cells. The base structure has a decreasing coefficient of elasticity within the temperature range being monitored. A predetermined quantity of inert gas is confined within each cell. The cells are dimensonally stable at the normal working temperature of the device. Increases in gaseous pressure within the cells will permanently deform the cell walls at temperatures within the high temperature range to be measured. Such deformation can be correlated to temperature by calibrating similarly constructed devices under known time and temperature conditions.

Not Available

1981-01-27

311

Polymer electronic devices and materials.  

SciTech Connect

Polymer electronic devices and materials have vast potential for future microsystems and could have many advantages over conventional inorganic semiconductor based systems, including ease of manufacturing, cost, weight, flexibility, and the ability to integrate a wide variety of functions on a single platform. Starting materials and substrates are relatively inexpensive and amenable to mass manufacturing methods. This project attempted to plant the seeds for a new core competency in polymer electronics at Sandia National Laboratories. As part of this effort a wide variety of polymer components and devices, ranging from simple resistors to infrared sensitive devices, were fabricated and characterized. Ink jet printing capabilities were established. In addition to promising results on prototype devices the project highlighted the directions where future investments must be made to establish a viable polymer electronics competency.

Schubert, William Kent; Baca, Paul Martin; Dirk, Shawn M.; Anderson, G. Ronald; Wheeler, David Roger

2006-01-01

312

Devices for collecting chemical compounds  

DOEpatents

A device for sampling chemical compounds from fixed surfaces and related methods are disclosed. The device may include a vacuum source, a chamber and a sorbent material. The device may utilize vacuum extraction to volatilize the chemical compounds from a fixed surface so that they may be sorbed by the sorbent material. The sorbent material may then be analyzed using conventional thermal desorption/gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (TD/GC/MS) instrumentation to determine presence of the chemical compounds. The methods may include detecting release and presence of one or more chemical compounds and determining the efficacy of decontamination. The device may be useful in collection and analysis of a variety of chemical compounds, such as residual chemical warfare agents, chemical attribution signatures and toxic industrial chemicals.

Scott, Jill R; Groenewold, Gary S

2013-12-24

313

Optoelectronic devices manufacturing in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through the analysis on development status of Chinese technology and capability of optoelectronic devices, the advantage and disadvantage of Chinese optoelectronic industry has been discussed in three sections as chips, packaging and transceiver.

Zhangyong Huang

2008-01-01

314

Infrared microthermography of microfabricated devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report a new experimental apparatus for infrared microthermography applicable to a wide class of samples including semitransparent ones and perforated devices. This setup is particularly well suited for the thermography of microfabricated devices. Traditionally, temperature calibration is performed using calibration hot plates, but this is not applicable to transmissive samples. In this work a custom designed miniature calibration oven in conjunction with spatial filtering is used to obtain accurate static and transient temperature maps of actively heated devices. The procedure does not require prior knowledge of the emissivity. Calibration and image processing algorithms are discussed and analyzed. We show that relatively inexpensive uncooled bolometer arrays can be a suitable detector choice in certain radiometric applications. As an example, we apply this method in the analysis of temperature profiles of an actively heated microfabricated preconcentrator device that incorporates a perforated membrane and is used in trace detection of illicit substances.

Furstenberg, Robert; Kendziora, C. A.; Stepnowski, Stanley V.; McGill, R. Andrew

2007-06-01

315

Thermoelectric Devices Advance Thermal Management  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Thermoelectric (TE) devices heat, cool, and generate electricity when a temperature differential is provided between the two module faces. In cooperation with NASA, Chico, California-based United States Thermoelectric Consortium Inc. (USTC) built a gas emissions analyzer (GEA) for combustion research. The GEA precipitated hydrocarbon particles, preventing contamination that would hinder precise rocket fuel analysis. The USTC research and design team uses patent-pending dimple, pin-fin, microchannel and microjet structures to develop and design heat dissipation devices on the mini-scale level, which not only guarantee high performance of products, but also scale device size from 1 centimeter to 10 centimeters. USTC continues to integrate the benefits of TE devices in its current line of thermal management solutions and has found the accessibility of NASA technical research to be a valuable, sustainable resource that has continued to positively influence its product design and manufacturing

2007-01-01

316

Device-transparent personal storage  

E-print Network

Users increasingly store data collections such as digital photographs on multiple personal devices, each of which typically presents the user with a storage management interface isolated from the contents of all other ...

Strauss, Jacob A. (Jacob Alo), 1979-

2010-01-01

317

High voltage lightning grounding device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Grounding device insertion in wire termination cabinets and terminal block modification prevent lightning-induced high voltage transients from reaching inputs or outputs of solid state instruments and control systems. Installation minimizes wiring confusion and achieves 100 percent protection.

Hoffman, R. G.; Peterson, V. S.

1971-01-01

318

78 FR 16865 - Certain Electronic Devices, Including Wireless Communication Devices, Portable Music and Data...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Wireless Communication Devices, Portable Music and Data Processing Devices, and Tablet...wireless communication devices, portable music and data processing devices, and tablet...are authorized by Samsung to utilize the technology covered by the asserted claims of the...

2013-03-19

319

77 FR 38826 - Certain Wireless Communication Devices, Portable Music and Data Processing Devices, Computers and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Communication Devices, Portable Music and Data Processing Devices...communication devices, portable music and data processing devices...Association for Competitive Technology; Retail Industry Leaders Association...away from the standardized technology in question? 5. With...

2012-06-29

320

77 FR 70464 - Certain Electronic Devices, Including Wireless Communication Devices, Portable Music and Data...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Wireless Communication Devices, Portable Music and Data Processing Devices, and Tablet...wireless communication devices, portable music and data processing devices, and tablet...substantial cost or delay to design around the technology covered by the '348 and '644...

2012-11-26

321

77 FR 52759 - Certain Wireless Communication Devices, Portable Music and Data Processing Devices, Computers and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Wireless Communication Devices, Portable Music and Data Processing Devices, Computers...wireless communication devices, portable music and data processing devices, computers...Alliance; Association for Competitive Technology; Retail Industry Leaders...

2012-08-30

322

76 FR 55398 - Immunology Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory Committee: Notice of Postponement of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Drug Administration [Docket No. FDA-2011-N-0002] Immunology Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory Committee...Drug Administration (FDA) is postponing the meeting of the Immunology Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory Committee...

2011-09-07

323

76 FR 48871 - Immunology Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory Committee; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Drug Administration [Docket No. FDA-2011-N-0002] Immunology Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory Committee...The meeting will be open to the public. Name of Committee: Immunology Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory...

2011-08-09

324

77 FR 25183 - Circulatory System Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory Committee; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Administration [Docket No. FDA-2012-N-0001] Circulatory System Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory Committee...will be open to the public. Name of Committee: Circulatory System Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory...

2012-04-27

325

76 FR 63928 - Circulatory System Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory Committee; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Administration [Docket No. FDA-2011-N-0002] Circulatory System Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory Committee...will be open to the public. Name of Committee: Circulatory System Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory...

2011-10-14

326

78 FR 49272 - Circulatory System Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory Committee; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Administration [Docket No. FDA-2013-N-0001] Circulatory System Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory Committee...will be open to the public. Name of Committee: Circulatory System Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory...

2013-08-13

327

75 FR 81282 - Circulatory System Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory Committee; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Administration [Docket No. FDA-2010-N-0001] Circulatory System Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory Committee...will be open to the public. Name of Committee: Circulatory System Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory...

2010-12-27

328

77 FR 18829 - Circulatory System Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory Committee; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Administration [Docket No. FDA-2011-N-0001] Circulatory System Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory Committee...will be open to the public. Name of Committee: Circulatory System Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory...

2012-03-28

329

75 FR 7282 - Circulatory System Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory Committee; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Administration [Docket No. FDA-2010-N-0001] Circulatory System Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory Committee...will be open to the public. Name of Committee: Circulatory System Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory...

2010-02-18

330

76 FR 36548 - Circulatory System Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory Committee; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Administration [Docket No. FDA-2011-N-0002] Circulatory System Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory Committee...will be open to the public. Name of Committee: Circulatory System Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory...

2011-06-22

331

77 FR 16038 - Circulatory System Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory Committee; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Administration [Docket No. FDA-2012-N-0001] Circulatory System Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory Committee...will be open to the public. Name of Committee: Circulatory System Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory...

2012-03-19

332

75 FR 41986 - Medical Devices; Pediatric Uses of Devices; Requirements for Submission of Information on...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...FDA-2009-N-0458] RIN 0910-AG29 Medical Devices; Pediatric Uses of Devices...a Disease or Condition That a Device Is Intended to Treat, Diagnose...of readily available pediatric medical device information as a part of...

2010-07-20

333

78 FR 26786 - Microbiology Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory Committee; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Drug Administration [Docket No. FDA-2013-N-0001] Microbiology Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory Committee...meeting will be open to the public. Name of Committee: Microbiology Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory...

2013-05-08

334

78 FR 12785 - Certain Wireless Communication Devices, Portable Music and Data Processing Devices, Computers and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...337-TA-745] Certain Wireless Communication Devices, Portable Music and Data Processing Devices, Computers and Components Thereof...importation of certain wireless communication devices, portable music and data processing devices, computers and components...

2013-02-25

335

78 FR 24775 - Certain Wireless Communication Devices, Portable Music and Data Processing Devices, Computers and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...337-TA-745] Certain Wireless Communication Devices, Portable Music and Data Processing Devices, Computers and Components Thereof...importation of certain wireless communication devices, portable music and data processing devices, computers and components...

2013-04-26

336

Catalyst patterning for nanowire devices  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Nanowire devices may be provided that are based on carbon nanotubes or single-crystal semiconductor nanowires. The nanowire devices may be formed on a substrate. Catalyst sites may be formed on the substrate. The catalyst sites may be formed using lithography, thin metal layers that form individual catalyst sites when heated, collapsible porous catalyst-filled microscopic spheres, microscopic spheres that serve as masks for catalyst deposition, electrochemical deposition techniques, and catalyst inks. Nanowires may be grown from the catalyst sites.

Li, Jun (Inventor); Cassell, Alan M. (Inventor); Han, Jie (Inventor)

2004-01-01

337

Guided wave integrated optical devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Guided-wave integrated optical devices are demonstrated by using various optical materials. First, a novel integrated optical planar waveguide platform for absorption-based biosensing is demonstrated. The platform integrates surface ion-exchanged channel waveguides with one-step UV patterned sol-gel structures to define the probing regions. Cytochrome c protein was utilized to characterize the device performance. Spectroscopically specific attenuation of approximately 2 dB in

Nasuhi Yurt

2005-01-01

338

Piezo-phototronic effect devices  

DOEpatents

A semiconducting device includes a piezoelectric structure that has a first end and an opposite second end. A first conductor is in electrical communication with the first end and a second conductor is in electrical communication with the second end so as to form an interface therebetween. A force applying structure is configured to maintain an amount of strain in the piezoelectric member sufficient to generate a desired electrical characteristic in the semiconducting device.

Wang, Zhong L.; Yang, Qing

2013-09-10

339

Lih thermal energy storage device  

DOEpatents

A thermal energy storage device for use in a pulsed power supply to store waste heat produced in a high-power burst operation utilizes lithium hydride as the phase change thermal energy storage material. The device includes an outer container encapsulating the lithium hydride and an inner container supporting a hydrogen sorbing sponge material such as activated carbon. The inner container is in communication with the interior of the outer container to receive hydrogen dissociated from the lithium hydride at elevated temperatures.

Olszewski, Mitchell (Knoxville, TN); Morris, David G. (Knoxville, TN)

1994-01-01

340

Video Browsing on Handheld Devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Recent improvements in processing power, storage space, and video codec development enable users now to playback video on\\u000a their handheld devices in a reasonable quality. However, given the form factor restrictions of such a mobile device, screen\\u000a size still remains a natural limit and – as the term “handheld” implies – always will be a critical resource. This is not

Wolfgang Hürst

2009-01-01

341

Wireless device monitoring methods, wireless device monitoring systems, and articles of manufacture  

DOEpatents

Wireless device monitoring methods, wireless device monitoring systems, and articles of manufacture are described. According to one embodiment, a wireless device monitoring method includes accessing device configuration information of a wireless device present at a secure area, wherein the device configuration information comprises information regarding a configuration of the wireless device, accessing stored information corresponding to the wireless device, wherein the stored information comprises information regarding the configuration of the wireless device, comparing the device configuration information with the stored information, and indicating the wireless device as one of authorized and unauthorized for presence at the secure area using the comparing.

McCown, Steven H. (Rigby, ID); Derr, Kurt W. (Idaho Falls, ID); Rohde, Kenneth W. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2012-05-08

342

77 FR 19937 - Inflatable Personal Flotation Devices  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Standard for Safety for Marine Buoyant Devices''; UL 1180, ``UL Standard for Safety...Inflatable Recreational Personal Flotation Devices''; and UL 1191, ``UL Standard for Safety for Components for Personal Flotation Devices.'' The section that...

2012-04-03

343

Other Products and Devices to Improve Hearing  

MedlinePLUS

... Products and Devices to Improve Hearing Links Other Products and Devices to Improve Hearing Assistive Listening Devices ... no hearing in one ear. Personal Sound Amplification Products Personal Sound Amplification Products (PSAPs), or sound amplifiers, ...

344

21 CFR 821.4 - Imported devices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES MEDICAL DEVICE TRACKING REQUIREMENTS General Provisions § 821.4 Imported devices. For purposes of this...

2013-04-01

345

21 CFR 821.4 - Imported devices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES MEDICAL DEVICE TRACKING REQUIREMENTS General Provisions § 821.4 Imported devices. For purposes of this...

2012-04-01

346

21 CFR 821.4 - Imported devices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES MEDICAL DEVICE TRACKING REQUIREMENTS General Provisions § 821.4 Imported devices. For purposes of this...

2014-04-01

347

21 CFR 821.4 - Imported devices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES MEDICAL DEVICE TRACKING REQUIREMENTS General Provisions § 821.4 Imported devices. For purposes of this...

2010-04-01

348

21 CFR 821.4 - Imported devices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES MEDICAL DEVICE TRACKING REQUIREMENTS General Provisions § 821.4 Imported devices. For purposes of this...

2011-04-01

349

78 FR 18233 - Medical Devices; Technical Amendment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...No. FDA-2013-N-0011] Medical Devices; Technical Amendment AGENCY...Administration (FDA) is amending certain medical device regulations to correct minor...certain regulations regarding medical devices. Publication of this...

2013-03-26

350

Electronic load for testing power generating devices  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Instrument tests various electric power generating devices by connecting the devices to the input of the load and comparing their outputs with a reference voltage. The load automatically adjusts until voltage output of the power generating device matches the reference.

Friedman, E. B.; Stepfer, G.

1968-01-01

351

Evapotranspiration and Related Calculations for Bioretention Devices  

E-print Network

Evapotranspiration and Related Calculations for Bioretention Devices Robert Pitt, Shirley Clark, Pauline Johnson, and John Voorhees Bioretention devices are becoming increasing popular stormwater on the bioretention facility device, cation exchange capacity (CEC) which is one measure of dissolved pollutant

Clark, Shirley E.

352

CIRSE Vascular Closure Device Registry  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Vascular closure devices are routinely used after many vascular interventional radiology procedures. However, there have been no major multicenter studies to assess the safety and effectiveness of the routine use of closure devices in interventional radiology. Methods: The CIRSE registry of closure devices with an anchor and a plug started in January 2009 and ended in August 2009. A total of 1,107 patients were included in the registry. Results: Deployment success was 97.2%. Deployment failure specified to access type was 8.8% [95% confidence interval (95% CI) 5.0-14.5] for antegrade access and 1.8% (95% CI 1.1-2.9) for retrograde access (P = 0.001). There was no difference in deployment failure related to local PVD at the access site. Calcification was a reason for deployment failure in only <0.5% of patients. Postdeployment bleeding occurred in 6.4%, and most these (51.5%) could be managed with light manual compression. During follow-up, other device-related complications were reported in 1.3%: seven false aneurysms, three hematoma >5.9 cm, and two vessel occlusions. Conclusion: The conclusion of this registry of closure devices with an anchor and a plug is that the use of this device in interventional radiology procedures is safe, with a low incidence of serious access site complications. There seems to be no difference in complications between antegrade and retrograde access and other parameters.

Reekers, Jim A., E-mail: j.a.reekers@amc.uva.nl [Academic Medical Center, Department of Radiology (Netherlands); Mueller-Huelsbeck, Stefan [Academic Hospitals, Department of Radiology (Germany); Libicher, Martin [University Clinics, Department of Radiology (Germany); Atar, Eli [Hasharon Hospital, Department of Radiology (Israel); Trentmann, Jens [University Clinics Schleswig-Holstein, Department of Radiology (Germany); Goffette, Pierre [University Clinics St. Luc, Department of Radiology (Belgium); Borggrefe, Jan [University Clinics Schleswig-Holstein, Department of Radiology (Germany); Zelenak, Kamil [University Hospital, Department of Radiology (Slovakia); Hooijboer, Pieter [Scheper Ziekenhuis, Department of Radiology (Netherlands); Belli, Anna-Maria [St. Georges Hospital, Department of Radiology (United Kingdom)

2011-02-15

353

Semiconductor-based, large-area, flexible, electronic devices  

DOEpatents

Novel articles and methods to fabricate the same resulting in flexible, large-area, triaxially textured, single-crystal or single-crystal-like, semiconductor-based, electronic devices are disclosed. Potential applications of resulting articles are in areas of photovoltaic devices, flat-panel displays, thermophotovoltaic devices, ferroelectric devices, light emitting diode devices, computer hard disc drive devices, magnetoresistance based devices, photoluminescence based devices, non-volatile memory devices, dielectric devices, thermoelectric devices and quantum dot laser devices.

Goyal, Amit (Knoxville, TN)

2011-03-15

354

Event-recording devices with identification codes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A recording device allows wireless interrogation to determine its identity and its state. The state indicates whether one or more physical or chemical events have taken place. In effect, the one or more physical or chemical events are recorded by the device. The identity of the device allows it to be distinguished from a number of similar devices. The recording device may be used in an array of devices that allows wireless probing by an interrogation unit. When probed, each device tells the interrogator who it is and what state it is in. The devices allow multiple use and the interrogator may use a logical reset to determine the state of each device. The interrogator can thus easily identify particular items in an array that have reached a particular condition. The device may record the status of each device in a database to maintain a history for each.

Watters, David G. (Inventor); Huestis, David L. (Inventor); Bahr, Alfred J. (Inventor); Vidmar, Robert J. (Inventor)

2003-01-01

355

21 CFR 890.5050 - Daily activity assist device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES PHYSICAL MEDICINE DEVICES Physical Medicine Therapeutic Devices § 890.5050 Daily activity assist device. (a) Identification....

2010-04-01

356

21 CFR 890.5050 - Daily activity assist device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES PHYSICAL MEDICINE DEVICES Physical Medicine Therapeutic Devices § 890.5050 Daily activity assist device. (a) Identification....

2011-04-01

357

Inducer Hydrodynamic Load Measurement Devices  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) has demonstrated two measurement devices for sensing and resolving the hydrodynamic loads on fluid machinery. The first - a derivative of the six-component wind tunnel balance - senses the forces and moments on the rotating device through a weakened shaft section instrumented with a series of strain gauges. This rotating balance was designed to directly measure the steady and unsteady hydrodynamic loads on an inducer, thereby defining both the amplitude and frequency content associated with operating in various cavitation modes. The second device - a high frequency response pressure transducer surface mounted on a rotating component - was merely an extension of existing technology for application in water. MSFC has recently completed experimental evaluations of both the rotating balance and surface-mount transducers in a water test loop. The measurement bandwidth of the rotating balance was severely limited by the relative flexibility of the device itself, resulting in an unexpectedly low structural bending mode and invalidating the higher-frequency response data. Despite these limitations, measurements confirmed that the integrated loads on the four-bladed inducer respond to both cavitation intensity and cavitation phenomena. Likewise, the surface-mount pressure transducers were subjected to a range of temperatures and flow conditions in a non-rotating environment to record bias shifts and transfer functions between the transducers and a reference device. The pressure transducer static performance was within manufacturer's specifications and dynamic response accurately followed that of the reference.

Skelley, Stephen E.; Zoladz, Thomas F.; Turner, Jim (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

358

Inducer Hydrodynamic Load Measurement Devices  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) has demonstrated two measurement devices for sensing and resolving the hydrodynamic loads on fluid machinery. The first - a derivative of the six component wind tunnel balance - senses the forces and moments on the rotating device through a weakened shaft section instrumented with a series of strain gauges. This "rotating balance" was designed to directly measure the steady and unsteady hydrodynamic loads on an inducer, thereby defining both the amplitude and frequency content associated with operating in various cavitation modes. The second device - a high frequency response pressure transducer surface mounted on a rotating component - was merely an extension of existing technology for application in water. MSFC has recently completed experimental evaluations of both the rotating balance and surface-mount transducers in a water test loop. The measurement bandwidth of the rotating balance was severely limited by the relative flexibility of the device itself, resulting in an unexpectedly low structural bending mode and invalidating the higher frequency response data. Despite these limitations, measurements confirmed that the integrated loads on the four-bladed inducer respond to both cavitation intensity and cavitation phenomena. Likewise, the surface-mount pressure transducers were subjected to a range of temperatures and flow conditions in a non-rotating environment to record bias shifts and transfer functions between the transducers and a reference device. The pressure transducer static performance was within manufacturer's specifications and dynamic response accurately followed that of the reference.

Skelley, Stephen E.; Zoladz, Thomas F.

2002-01-01

359

Survey of cryogenic semiconductor devices  

SciTech Connect

Improved reliability and electronic performance can be achieved in a system operated at cryogenic temperatures because of the reduction in mechanical insult and in disruptive effects of thermal energy on electronic devices. Continuing discoveries of new superconductors with ever increasing values of T{sub c} above that of liquid nitrogen temperature (LNT) have provided incentive for developing semiconductor electronic systems that may also operate in the superconductor`s liquid nitrogen bath. Because of the interest in high-temperature superconductor (HTS) devices, liquid nitrogen is the cryogen of choice and LNT is the temperature on which this review is focused. The purpose of this survey is to locate and assemble published information comparing the room temperature (298 K), performance of commercially available conventional and hybrid semiconductor device with their performance at LNT (77K), to help establish their candidacy as cryogenic electronic devices specifically for use at LNT. The approach to gathering information for this survey included the following activities. Periodicals and proceedings were searched for information on the behavior of semiconductor devices at LNT. Telephone calls were made to representatives of semiconductor industries, to semiconductor subcontractors, to university faculty members prominent for their research in the area of cryogenic semiconductors, and to representatives of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and NASA subcontractors. The sources and contacts are listed with their responses in the introduction, and a list of references appears at the end of the survey.

Talarico, L.J.; McKeever, J.W.

1996-04-01

360

Aerosol can waste disposal device  

DOEpatents

Disclosed is a device for removing gases and liquid from containers. The device punctures the bottom of a container for purposes of exhausting gases and liquid from the container without their escaping into the atmosphere. The device includes an inner cup or cylinder having a top portion with an open end for receiving a container and a bottom portion which may be fastened to a disposal or waste container in a substantially leak-proof manner. A piercing device is mounted in the lower portion of the inner cylinder for puncturing the can bottom placed in the inner cylinder. An outer cylinder having an open end and a closed end fits over the top portion of the inner cylinder in telescoping engagement. A force exerted on the closed end of the outer cylinder urges the bottom of a can in the inner cylinder into engagement with the piercing device in the bottom of the inner cylinder to form an opening in the can bottom, thereby permitting the contents of the can to enter the disposal container. 7 figures.

O'Brien, M.D.; Klapperick, R.L.; Bell, C.

1993-12-21

361

Scaling device for photographic images  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A scaling device projects a known optical pattern into the field of view of a camera, which can be employed as a reference scale in a resulting photograph of a remote object, for example. The device comprises an optical beam projector that projects two or more spaced, parallel optical beams onto a surface of a remotely located object to be photographed. The resulting beam spots or lines on the object are spaced from one another by a known, predetermined distance. As a result, the size of other objects or features in the photograph can be determined through comparison of their size to the known distance between the beam spots. Preferably, the device is a small, battery-powered device that can be attached to a camera and employs one or more laser light sources and associated optics to generate the parallel light beams. In a first embodiment of the invention, a single laser light source is employed, but multiple parallel beams are generated thereby through use of beam splitting optics. In another embodiment, multiple individual laser light sources are employed that are mounted in the device parallel to one another to generate the multiple parallel beams.

Rivera, Jorge E. (Inventor); Youngquist, Robert C. (Inventor); Cox, Robert B. (Inventor); Haskell, William D. (Inventor); Stevenson, Charles G. (Inventor)

2005-01-01

362

Graphene based flexible electrochromic devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Graphene emerges as a viable material for optoelectronics because of its broad optical response and gate-tunable properties. For practical applications, however, single layer graphene has performance limits due to its small optical absorption defined by fundamental constants. Here, we demonstrated a new class of flexible electrochromic devices using multilayer graphene (MLG) which simultaneously offers all key requirements for practical applications; high-contrast optical modulation over a broad spectrum, good electrical conductivity and mechanical flexibility. Our method relies on electro-modulation of interband transition of MLG via intercalation of ions into the graphene layers. The electrical and optical characterizations reveal the key features of the intercalation process which yields broadband optical modulation up to 55 per cent in the visible and near-infrared. We illustrate the promises of the method by fabricating reflective/transmissive electrochromic devices and multi-pixel display devices. Simplicity of the device architecture and its compatibility with the roll-to-roll fabrication processes, would find wide range of applications including smart windows and display devices. We anticipate that this work provides a significant step in realization of graphene based optoelectronics.

Polat, Emre O.; Balc?, Osman; Kocabas, Coskun

2014-10-01

363

Spintronic devices as quantum networks  

E-print Network

We explore spintronics from a quantum information (QI) perspective. We show that QI specific methods can be an effective tool in designing new devices. Using the formalism of quantum gates acting on spin and mode degrees of freedom, we provide a solution to a reverse engineering problem, namely how to design a device performing a given transformation between input and output. Among these, we describe an orientable Stern-Gerlach device and a new scheme to entangle two spins by transferring the entanglement from orbital to spin degrees of freedom. Finally, we propose a simple scheme to produce hyper-entangle electrons, i.e., particles entangled in both spin and mode degrees of freedom.

Radu Ionicioiu

2005-12-15

364

Ventricular assist devices: initial orientation  

PubMed Central

Ventricular assist device (VAD) technology has come from large pulsatile-flow devices with a high rate of technical malfunctions to small continuous flow (cf) devices. Mechanical circulatory support (MCS) systems may be used as short-, mid- or long-term support. Especially if mid- or long-term support is anticipated left VADs (LVADs) have been reported with excellent one and two year survival rates and improved quality of life (QoL). Timing of implantation, patient selection, assessing function of the right ventricular and surgical considerations regarding surgical access side, valve pathology and exit side of the percutaneous lead remain crucial issues for the outcome. In contrast VADs designed for children especially for all age groups, are still underrepresented but increased experience with existing pediatric VADs as well as introduction of second and third generation VADs into in the pediatric age group, offer new perspectives. PMID:23991317

Dave, Hitendu; Lemme, Frithjof; Romanchenko, Olga; Hofmann, Michael; Hübler, Michael

2013-01-01

365

Metamaterial mirrors in optoelectronic devices.  

PubMed

The phase reversal that occurs when light is reflected from a metallic mirror produces a standing wave with reduced intensity near the reflective surface. This effect is highly undesirable in optoelectronic devices that use metal films as both electrical contacts and optical mirrors, because it dictates a minimum spacing between the metal and the underlying active semiconductor layers, therefore posing a fundamental limit to the overall thickness of the device. Here, we show that this challenge can be circumvented by using a metamaterial mirror whose reflection phase is tunable from that of a perfect electric mirror (? = ?) to that of a perfect magnetic mirror (? = 0). This tunability in reflection phase can also be exploited to optimize the standing wave profile in planar devices to maximize light-matter interaction. Specifically, we show that light absorption and photocurrent generation in a sub-100 nm active semiconductor layer of a model solar cell can be enhanced by ?20% over a broad spectral band. PMID:24952475

Esfandyarpour, Majid; Garnett, Erik C; Cui, Yi; McGehee, Michael D; Brongersma, Mark L

2014-07-01

366

Microelectroporation device for genomic screening  

DOEpatents

We have developed an microelectroporation device that combines microarrays of oligonucleotides, microfluidic channels, and electroporation for cell transfection and high-throughput screening applications (e.g. RNA interference screens). Microarrays allow the deposition of thousands of different oligonucleotides in microscopic spots. Microfluidic channels and microwells enable efficient loading of cells into the device and prevent cross-contamination between different oligonucleotides spots. Electroporation allows optimal transfection of nucleic acids into cells (especially hard-to-transfect cells such as primary cells) by minimizing cell death while maximizing transfection efficiency. This invention has the advantage of a higher throughput and lower cost, while preventing cross-contamination compared to conventional screening technologies. Moreover, this device does not require bulky robotic liquid handling equipment and is inherently safer given that it is a closed system.

Perroud, Thomas D.; Renzi, Ronald F.; Negrete, Oscar; Claudnic, Mark R.

2014-09-09

367

Microfluidic devices for cellomics: a review  

Microsoft Academic Search

A review of microfluidic devices for cellomics is presented. After a brief description of the historical background of Lab-on-Chip (LOC) devices, different areas are reviewed. Devices for cell sampling are presented, followed by cell trapping and cell sorting devices based upon mechanical and electrical principles. Subsequently, a popular type of cell sorters, flow cytometers, is considered, followed by a chapter

Helene Andersson; Albert van den Berg

2003-01-01

368

Condensate-removal device for heat exchangers  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Device comprises array of perforated tubes manifolded together and connected to a vacuum suction device. Vacuum applied to these tubes pulls mixture of condensate and effluent gas through perforations and along length of tubes to discharge device. Discharge device may be a separator which separates water vapor from effluent air and allows recirculation of both of them.

Trusch, R. B.; Oconnor, E. W.

1973-01-01

369

Using Zigbee to Integrate Medical Devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wirelessly enabling medical devices such as vital signs monitors, ventilators and infusion pumps allows central data collection. This paper discusses how data from these types of devices can be integrated into hospital systems using wireless sensor networking technology. By integrating devices you are protecting investment and opening up the possibility of networking with similar devices. In this context we present

Paul Frehill; Desmond Chambers; Cosmin Rotariu

2007-01-01

370

Protecting health information on mobile devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile applications running on devices such as smart phones and tablets will be increasingly used to provide convenient access to health information to health professionals and patients. Also, patients will use these devices to transmit health information captured by sensing devices in settings like the home to remote repositories. As mobile devices become targets of security threats, we must address

Musheer Ahmed; Mustaque Ahamad

2012-01-01

371

Input Devices for Young Handicapped Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The versatility of the computer can be expanded considerably for young handicapped children by using input devices other than the typewriter-style keyboard. Input devices appropriate for young children can be classified into four categories: alternative keyboards, contact switches, speech input devices, and cursor control devices. Described are…

Morris, Karen

372

Assessing Users' Attachment to Their Mobile Devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile devices are often described as very personal objects and users are said to develop deep relationships with them. Motivated by such recurring statements, this paper introduces user-device attachment as a concept describing the relationship between users and their mobile devices. By drawing on literature from marketing, HCI, and sociology, the domain and dimensions of user-device attachment are described. Three

Kai Wehmeyer

2007-01-01

373

STRATUS: Assembling Virtual Platforms from Device Clouds  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is an increasing number of network-enabled computing devices in homes and offices, driven by continued improvements in device capabilities and network connectivity. By exploiting the virtualization technologies that have begun to pervade even the mobile domain, these devices' hardware components, such as displays, input devices, disks, or processors, can be decoupled from the physical platforms on which they reside

Minsung Jang; Karsten Schwan

2011-01-01

374

Authenticating Pervasive Devices with Human Protocols  

Microsoft Academic Search

Forgery and counterfeiting are emerging as serious security risks in low-cost pervasive computing devices. These devices lack the computational, storage, power, and communication resources necessary for most cryptographic authentication schemes. Surprisingly, low-cost pervasive devices like Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tags share similar capabilities with another weak computing device: people. These similarities motivate the adoption of techniques from human- computer security

Ari Juels; Stephen A. Weis

2005-01-01

375

OPC UA based Field Device Integration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today the two technologies electronic device description language and field device tool exist for device integration. This paper describes a concept that integrates the advantages of both technologies into a single consistent concept. The new concept defines a model for device integration and a client-server architecture that makes use of the various advantages of OPC Unified Architecture. The authors validated

Daniel Grossmann; Klaus Bender; Benjamin Danzer

2008-01-01

376

Providing device integration with OPC UA  

Microsoft Academic Search

OPC UA allows the company wide access and integration of information. One important part of this information system is the automation system and its automation devices. The important issue for presenting devices in such an enterprise system is standardization of device representation. This document provides a proposal on how to standardize the presentation of devices based on a comparison of

Thomas Hadlich

2006-01-01

377

Gas sensing with acoustic devices  

SciTech Connect

A survey is made of acoustic devices that are suitable as gas and vapor sensors. This survey focuses on attributes such as operating frequency, mass sensitivity, quality factor (Q), and their ability to be fabricated on a semiconductor substrate to allow integration with electronic circuitry. The treatment of the device surface with chemically-sensitive films to detect species of interest is discussed. Strategies for improving discrimination are described, including sensor arrays and species concentration and separation schemes. The advantages and disadvantages of integrating sensors with microelectronics are considered, along with the effect on sensitivity of scaling acoustic gas sensors to smaller size.

Martin, S.J.; Frye, G.C. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Spates, J.J. [Ktech Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Butler, M.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1996-12-31

378

Solid-State Device Theory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Written by Tony R. Kuphaldt, this chapter of All About Circuit's third volume on Semiconductors "will cover the physics behind the operation of semiconductor devices and show how these principles are applied in several different types of semiconductor devices." The chapter is divided up into fifteen sections, on topics from quantum physics to junction diodes to thyristors. Each section has clear illustrations and a concise, bulleted review of what was covered at the end, and the resource as a whole is excellent for use in applied physics classrooms.

Kuphaldt, Tony R.

379

A Trusted Portable Computing Device  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A trusted portable computing device and its security mechanism were presented to solve the security issues, such as the attack of virus and Trojan horse, the lost and stolen of storage device, in mobile office. It used smart card to build a trusted portable security base, virtualization to create a secure virtual execution environment, two-factor authentication mechanism to identify legitimate users, and dynamic encryption to protect data privacy. The security environment described in this paper is characteristic of portability, security and reliability. It can meet the security requirement of mobile office.

Ming-wei, Fang; Jun-jun, Wu; Peng-fei, Yu; Xin-fang, Zhang

380

Inertial impaction air sampling device  

DOEpatents

An inertial impactor is designed which is to be used in an air sampling device for collection of respirable size particles in ambient air. The device may include a graphite furnace as the impaction substrate in a small-size, portable, direct analysis structure that gives immediate results and is totally self-contained allowing for remote and/or personal sampling. The graphite furnace collects suspended particles transported through the housing by means of the air flow system, and these particles may be analyzed for elements, quantitatively and qualitatively, by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. 3 figs.

Dewhurst, K.H.

1990-05-22

381

Diamond metallization for device applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nearly any diamond electronic or sensor device needs at least one ohmic contact. These contacts play a key role in the overall device performance. This paper reviews the dependence of the Schottky barrier height on the surface termination and the impact of annealing of carbide-forming metals on the specific contact resistivity to diamond. It is concluded that carbide patches dominate the specific contact resistivity after annealing. Furthermore, the doping dependence of the specific contact resistivity and suitable diffusion barriers, which avoid interdiffusion of the contact scheme, are briefly discussed.

Werner, Matthias

2003-03-01

382

Microfluidic device for drug delivery  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A microfluidic device is provided for delivering a drug to an individual. The microfluidic device includes a body that defines a reservoir for receiving the drug therein. A valve interconnects the reservoir to an output needle that is insertable into the skin of an individual. A pressure source urges the drug from the reservoir toward the needle. The valve is movable between a closed position preventing the flow of the drug from the reservoir to the output needle and an open position allowing for the flow of the drug from the reservoir to the output needle in response to a predetermined condition in the physiological fluids of the individual.

Beebe, David J. (Inventor); MacDonald, Michael J. (Inventor); Eddington, David T. (Inventor); Mensing, Glennys A. (Inventor)

2010-01-01

383

Fiber based organic photovoltaic devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A fiber-shaped organic photovoltaic cell is demonstrated, utilizing concentric thin films of small molecular organic compounds. Illuminated at normal incidence to the fiber axis through a thin metal electrode, the cell exhibits 0.5% power conversion efficiency, compared to 0.76% for a planar control device. The fiber device efficiency is nearly independent of illumination angle, increasing its power generation over the planar counterpart for diffuse illumination. Losses due to partial shading of the fiber surface are minimal, while the coated fiber length is limited only by the experimental deposition chamber geometry—factors favoring scale-up to woven energy harvesting textiles.

O'Connor, Brendan; Pipe, Kevin P.; Shtein, Max

2008-05-01

384

Silicon carbide for power devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

An overview of the status of SiC technology for power devices is discussed. 4H-SiC is the most desirable SiC polytype for power devices because of its superior electron transport properties. Micropipe defect densities in 4H-SiC have been dramatically reduced, with 0.8 cm-2 being demonstrated on a 35 mm wafer. Interface trap densities of 1×1011 cm-2 eV-1 at the oxide\\/SiC interface

J. W. Palmour; R. Singh; R. C. Glass; O. Kordina

1997-01-01

385

Surface-micromachined microfluidic devices  

DOEpatents

Microfluidic devices are disclosed which can be manufactured using surface-micromachining. These devices utilize an electroosmotic force or an electromagnetic field to generate a flow of a fluid in a microchannel that is lined, at least in part, with silicon nitride. Additional electrodes can be provided within or about the microchannel for separating particular constituents in the fluid during the flow based on charge state or magnetic moment. The fluid can also be pressurized in the channel. The present invention has many different applications including electrokinetic pumping, chemical and biochemical analysis (e.g. based on electrophoresis or chromatography), conducting chemical reactions on a microscopic scale, and forming hydraulic actuators.

Galambos, Paul C. (Albuquerque, NM); Okandan, Murat (Albuquerque, NM); Montague, Stephen (Albuquerque, NM); Smith, James H. (Redmond, WA); Paul, Phillip H. (Livermore, CA); Krygowski, Thomas W. (Cortlandt Manor, NY); Allen, James J. (Albuquerque, NM); Nichols, Christopher A. (Hauppauge, NY); Jakubczak, II, Jerome F. (Rio Rancho, NM)

2003-01-01

386

Implantable biomedical devices on bioresorbable substrates  

DOEpatents

Provided herein are implantable biomedical devices, methods of administering implantable biomedical devices, methods of making implantable biomedical devices, and methods of using implantable biomedical devices to actuate a target tissue or sense a parameter associated with the target tissue in a biological environment. Each implantable biomedical device comprises a bioresorbable substrate, an electronic device having a plurality of inorganic semiconductor components supported by the bioresorbable substrate, and a barrier layer encapsulating at least a portion of the inorganic semiconductor components. Upon contact with a biological environment the bioresorbable substrate is at least partially resorbed, thereby establishing conformal contact between the implantable biomedical device and the target tissue in the biological environment.

Rogers, John A; Kim, Dae-Hyeong; Omenetto, Fiorenzo; Kaplan, David L; Litt, Brian; Viventi, Jonathan; Huang, Yonggang; Amsden, Jason

2014-03-04

387

Lossless hybridization between photovoltaic and thermoelectric devices  

PubMed Central

The optimal hybridization of photovoltaic (PV) and thermoelectric (TE) devices has long been considered ideal for the efficient harnessing solar energy. Our hybrid approach uses full spectrum solar energy via lossless coupling between PV and TE devices while collecting waste energy from thermalization and transmission losses from PV devices. Achieving lossless coupling makes the power output from the hybrid device equal to the sum of the maximum power outputs produced separately from individual PV and TE devices. TE devices need to have low internal resistances enough to convey photo-generated currents without sacrificing the PV fill factor. Concomitantly, a large number of p-n legs are preferred to drive a high Seebeck voltage in TE. Our simple method of attaching a TE device to a PV device has greatly improved the conversion efficiency and power output of the PV device (~30% at a 15°C temperature gradient across a TE device). PMID:23820973

Park, Kwang-Tae; Shin, Sun-Mi; Tazebay, Abdullah S.; Um, Han-Don; Jung, Jin-Young; Jee, Sang-Won; Oh, Min-Wook; Park, Su-Dong; Yoo, Bongyoung; Yu, Choongho; Lee, Jung-Ho

2013-01-01

388

Encapsulation methods for organic electrical devices  

DOEpatents

The disclosure provides methods and materials suitable for use as encapsulation barriers in electronic devices. In one embodiment, for example, there is provided an electroluminescent device or other electronic device encapsulated by alternating layers of a silicon-containing bonding material and a ceramic material. The encapsulation methods provide, for example, electronic devices with increased stability and shelf-life. The invention is useful, for example, in the field of microelectronic devices.

Blum, Yigal D.; Chu, William Siu-Keung; MacQueen, David Brent; Shi, Yijian

2013-06-18

389

Magnetorheological fluids based haptic device  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the development of a haptic device working with magnetorheological (MR) fluids. The computer screen is portioned in various segments and the controllable software monitors the attributed values of the voltage to the screen. The motion of a cursor on the computer screen is controlled by the MR actuator. A resistance force, the strength of which depends on

W. H. Li; H. Du; N. Q. Guo; P. B. Kosasih

2004-01-01

390

Mechanical scriber for semiconductor devices  

DOEpatents

A mechanical scriber using a scribing tip, such as a diamond, provides controlled scriber forces with a spring-loaded compound lever arrangement. The scribing force and range of scribing depth are adjusted by a pair of adjustable micrometer heads. A semiconductor device, such as a multilayer solar cell, can be formed into scribed strips at each layer. 5 figs.

Lin, P.T.

1985-03-05

391

In situ biofilm coupon device  

DOEpatents

An apparatus is disclosed for characterization of in-situ microbial biofilm populations in subsurface groundwater. The device permits biofilm-forming microorganisms to adhere to packing material while emplaced in a groundwater strata, so that the packing material can be later analyzed for quantity and type of microorganisms, growth rate, and nutrient requirements. 3 figs.

Peyton, B.M.; Truex, M.J.

1997-06-24

392

In situ biofilm coupon device  

DOEpatents

An apparatus for characterization of in-situ microbial biofilm populations in subsurface groundwater. The device permits biofilm-forming microorganisms to adhere to packing material while emplaced in a groundwater strata, so that the packing material can be later analyzed for quantity and type of microorganisms, growth rate, and nutrient requirements.

Peyton, Brent M. (Kennewick, WA); Truex, Michael J. (Richland, WA)

1997-01-01

393

Mobile Devices in the Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As cell phones--with ever-expanding possibilities of texting, Web browsing, and game playing--have multiplied in recent years among teenagers and even preteens, so have the concerns of teachers and administrators about the distractions these devices can cause. A survey of students and parents earlier this year by the group Common Sense Media found…

Schachter, Ron

2009-01-01

394

A New Centrifugal Ultrafiltration Device  

Microsoft Academic Search

A novel ultrafiltration device is described. It consists of a vertical dialysis cell in which the semipermeable membrane is supported by a metal or plastic porous, rigid sheet. The dialysis cell is mounted in a centrifuge swinging bucket, or rotor hole, with the membrane parallel to the centrifuge radius. Experiments are performed by filling one dialysis cell compartment with the

Suzana Pereira Nunes; Ana Adelina Winkler-hechenleitner; Fernando Galembeck

1986-01-01

395

Nitinol medical devices and implants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Superelastic Nitinol is now a common and well-known engineering materi al in the medical industry. While the greater flexibility of the alloy drives many of its applications, there are also a large number of lesser- known advantages of Niti nol in medical devices. This paper reviews 7 of these less-obvious but very important reasons for Nitinol's success, bot h

D. Stoeckel

2000-01-01

396

Device Assists Cardiac Chest Compression  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Portable device facilitates effective and prolonged cardiac resuscitation by chest compression. Developed originally for use in absence of gravitation, also useful in terrestrial environments and situations (confined spaces, water rescue, medical transport) not conducive to standard manual cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) techniques.

Eichstadt, Frank T.

1995-01-01

397

SAW device provides hyperbolic chirp  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 'echo' location system employed by bats utilizes pulses whose frequency varies with time. This system is hyperbolically, rather than linearly weighted. It is pointed out that this concept of hyperbolic weighting, implemented with relatively inexpensive surface accoustic wave (SAW) devices, can be applied to torpedo guidance and satellite interception. The use of hyperbolic weighting allows the use of chirp

R. H. Johnson

1983-01-01

398

SAM: an improved input device  

Microsoft Academic Search

SAM allows people to communicate by sending Morse code with a single switch. Unlike most Morse code input devices, SAM allows extreme latitude in the timing of dots and dashes. This makes it usable by people who have trouble mastering the precise timing of conventional Morse code. SAM is portable and inexpensive-it costs about $50 to build and runs on

L. T. Hauck

1992-01-01

399

Featured Invention: Laser Scaling Device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In September 2003, NASA signed a nonexclusive license agreement with Armor Forensics, a subsidiary of Armor Holdings, Inc., for the laser scaling device under the Innovative Partnerships Program. Coupled with a measuring program, also developed by NASA, the unit provides crime scene investigators with the ability to shoot photographs at scale without having to physically enter the scene, analyzing details such as bloodspatter patterns and graffiti. This ability keeps the scene's components intact and pristine for the collection of information and evidence. The laser scaling device elegantly solved a pressing problem for NASA's shuttle operations team and also provided industry with a useful tool. For NASA, the laser scaling device is still used to measure divots or damage to the shuttle's external tank and other structures around the launchpad. When the invention also met similar needs within industry, the Innovative Partnerships Program provided information to Armor Forensics for licensing and marketing the laser scaling device. Jeff Kohler, technology transfer agent at Kennedy, added, "We also invited a representative from the FBI's special photography unit to Kennedy to meet with Armor Forensics and the innovator. Eventually the FBI ended up purchasing some units. Armor Forensics is also beginning to receive interest from DoD [Department of Defense] for use in military crime scene investigations overseas."

Dunn, Carol Anne

2008-01-01

400

Portable vacuum object handling device  

SciTech Connect

The disclosure relates to a portable device adapted to handle objects which are not to be touched by hand. A piston and bore wall form a vacuum chamber communicating with an adaptor sealably engageable with an object to be lifted. The piston is manually moved and set to establish vacuum. A valve is manually actuable to apply the vacuum to lift the object.

Anderson, G.H.

1981-07-30

401

Coke oven coal charging device  

Microsoft Academic Search

A description is given of a device for charging coke into a plurality of coke ovens arranged in a coke oven battery having a roof, each of said coke ovens having a chamber and a charging chute which is openable at the roof wherein coal is supplied above the roof through a transferring chute which is openable to discharge the

J. Bocsanczy; D. Stalherm

1980-01-01

402

Portable vacuum object handling device  

DOEpatents

The disclosure relates to a portable device adapted to handle objects which are not to be touched by hand. A piston and bore wall form a vacuum chamber communicating with an adaptor sealably engageable with an object to be lifted. The piston is manually moved and set to establish vacuum. A valve is manually actuatable to apply the vacuum to lift the object.

Anderson, Gordon H. (Los Alamos, NM)

1983-08-09

403

Electromechanical Devices. Energy Technology Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This course in electromechanical devices is one of 16 courses in the Energy Technology Series developed for an Energy Conservation-and-Use Technology curriculum. Intended for use in two-year postsecondary institutions to prepare technicians for employment, the courses are also useful in industry for updating employees in company-sponsored training…

Center for Occupational Research and Development, Inc., Waco, TX.

404

Transmyocardial revascularization devices: technology update.  

PubMed

Transmyocardial laser revascularization (TMR) emerged as treatment modality for patients with diffuse coronary artery disease not amendable to percutaneous or surgical revascularization. The procedure entails the creation of laser channels within ischemic myocardium in an effort to better perfuse these areas. Currently, two laser devices are approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for TMR - holmium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet and CO2. The two devices differ in regard to energy outputs, wavelengths, ability to synchronize with the heart cycle, and laser-tissue interactions. These differences have led to studies showing different efficacies between the two laser devices. Over 50,000 procedures have been performed worldwide using TMR. Improvements in angina stages, quality of life, and perfusion of the myocardium have been demonstrated with TMR. Although several mechanisms for these improvements have been suggested, evidence points to new blood vessel formation, or angiogenesis, within the treated myocardium, as the major contributory factor. TMR has been used as sole therapy and in combination with coronary artery bypass grafting. Clinical studies have demonstrated that TMR is both safe and effective in angina relief long term. The objective of this review is to present the two approved laser devices and evidence for the safety and efficacy of TMR, along with future directions with this technology. PMID:25565905

Kindzelski, Bogdan A; Zhou, Yifu; Horvath, Keith A

2015-01-01

405

Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

The emerging field of plasmonics has yielded methods for guiding and localizing light at the nanoscale, well below the scale of the wavelength of light in free space. Now plasmonics researchers are turning their attention to photovoltaics, where design approaches based on plasmonics can be used to improve absorption in photovoltaic devices, permitting a considerable reduction in the physical thickness

Harry A. Atwater; Albert Polman

2010-01-01

406

Interdigitated photovoltaic power conversion device  

DOEpatents

A photovoltaic power conversion device has a top surface adapted to receive impinging radiation. The device includes at least two adjacent, serially connected cells. Each cell includes a semi-insulating substrate and a lateral conductivity layer of a first doped electrical conductivity disposed on the substrate. A base layer is disposed on the lateral conductivity layer and has the same electrical charge conductivity thereof. An emitter layer of a second doped electrical conductivity of opposite electrical charge is disposed on the base layer and forms a p-n junction therebetween. A plurality of spaced channels are formed in the emitter and base layers to expose the lateral conductivity layer at the bottoms thereof. A front contact grid is positioned on the top surface of the emitter layer of each cell. A first current collector is positioned along one outside edge of at least one first cell. A back contact grid is positioned in the channels at the top surface of the device for engagement with the lateral conductivity layer. A second current collector is positioned along at least one outside edge of at least one oppositely disposed second cell. Finally, an interdigitation mechanism is provided for serially connecting the front contact grid of one cell to the back contact grid of an adjacent cell at the top surface of the device.

Ward, James Scott (Englewood, CO); Wanlass, Mark Woodbury (Golden, CO); Gessert, Timothy Arthur (Conifer, CO)

1999-01-01

407

Devices based on semiconductor nanowires  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS) have attracted much attention due to their unique properties and possible applications that differ greatly from those of microelectromechanical systems. NEMS operating frequencies may achieve giga- and terahertz levels and their power consumption and heat capacity is extremely low. Moreover, integration levels may reach 1012 devices per cm-2. In this review, we present techniques for integrating

D. Erts; R. Meija; P. Birjukovs; J. Andzane; M. Studers; R. Lohmus; J. D. Holmes

2009-01-01

408

Biomedical Devices for the Eyes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students examine the structure and function of the human eye, learning some amazing features about our eyes, which provide us with sight and an understanding of our surroundings. Students also learn about some common eye problems and the biomedical devices and medical procedures that resolve or help to lessen the effects of these vision deficiencies, including vision correction surgery.

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program

409

Aerosol can waste disposal device  

DOEpatents

Disclosed is a device for removing gases and liquid from containers. The ice punctures the bottom of a container for purposes of exhausting gases and liquid from the container without their escaping into the atmosphere. The device includes an inner cup or cylinder having a top portion with an open end for receiving a container and a bottom portion which may be fastened to a disposal or waste container in a substantially leak-proof manner. A piercing device is mounted in the lower portion of the inner cylinder for puncturing the can bottom placed in the inner cylinder. An outer cylinder having an open end and a closed end fits over the top portion of the inner cylinder in telescoping engagement. A force exerted on the closed end of the outer cylinder urges the bottom of a can in the inner cylinder into engagement with the piercing device in the bottom of the inner cylinder to form an opening in the can bottom, thereby permitting the contents of the can to enter the disposal container.

O'Brien, Michael D. (Las Vegas, NV); Klapperick, Robert L. (Las Vegas, NV); Bell, Chris (Las Vegas, NV)

1993-01-01

410

New Clothing for Handheld Devices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Clothing is influenced by many factors, trends, and social happenings. Much of what is worn today had utilitarian roots in the past. In the activitiy presented in this article, students will have the opportunity to redesign clothing for new trends, in this case, the explosion of handheld electronic devices.

Roman, Harry T.

2013-01-01

411

High Power Electroabsorption Waveguide Device  

Microsoft Academic Search

We demonstrate here a dual function electroabsorption waveguide device that operates as a modulator in the receiving mode and a detector in the transmitting mode in the case of antenna remoting application. Both electroabsorption modulator (EAM) and photodetector (PD) are known to saturate at high optical inputs as a result of space-charge carrier screening in the EAM modulating or PD

Ivan Shubin; Xiaobo Xie; William S. C. Chang; Paul Yu

2006-01-01

412

Surface-Micromachined Microfluidic Devices  

DOEpatents

Microfluidic devices are disclosed which can be manufactured using surface-micromachining. These devices utilize an electroosmotic force or an electromagnetic field to generate a flow of a fluid in a microchannel that is lined, at least in part, with silicon nitride. Additional electrodes can be provided within or about the microchannel for separating particular constituents in the fluid during the flow based on charge state or magnetic moment. The fluid can also be pressurized in the channel. The present invention has many different applications including electrokinetic pumping, chemical and biochemical analysis (e.g. based on electrophoresis or chromatography), conducting chemical reactions on a microscopic scale, and forming hydraulic actuators. Microfluidic devices are disclosed which can be manufactured using surface-micromachining. These devices utilize an electroosmotic force or an electromagnetic field to generate a flow of a fluid in a microchannel that is lined, at least in part, with silicon nitride. Additional electrodes can be provided within or about the microchannel for separating particular constituents in the fluid during the flow based on charge state or magnetic moment. The fluid can also be pressurized in the channel. The present invention has many different applications including electrokinetic pumping, chemical and biochemical analysis (e.g. based on electrophoresis or chromatography), conducting chemical reactions on a microscopic scale, and forming hydraulic actuators.

Galambos, Paul C. (Albuquerque, NM); Okandan, Murat (Albuquerque, NM); Montague, Stephen (Albuquerque, NM); Smith, James H. (Redmond, WA); Paul, Phillip H. (Livermore, CA); Krygowski, Thomas W. (Coutlandt Manor, NY); Allen, James J. (Albuquerque, NM); Nichols, Christopher A. (Hauppauge, NY); Jakubczak, II, Jerome F. (Rio Rancho, NM)

2004-09-28

413

Transmyocardial revascularization devices: technology update  

PubMed Central

Transmyocardial laser revascularization (TMR) emerged as treatment modality for patients with diffuse coronary artery disease not amendable to percutaneous or surgical revascularization. The procedure entails the creation of laser channels within ischemic myocardium in an effort to better perfuse these areas. Currently, two laser devices are approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for TMR – holmium:yttrium–aluminum–garnet and CO2. The two devices differ in regard to energy outputs, wavelengths, ability to synchronize with the heart cycle, and laser–tissue interactions. These differences have led to studies showing different efficacies between the two laser devices. Over 50,000 procedures have been performed worldwide using TMR. Improvements in angina stages, quality of life, and perfusion of the myocardium have been demonstrated with TMR. Although several mechanisms for these improvements have been suggested, evidence points to new blood vessel formation, or angiogenesis, within the treated myocardium, as the major contributory factor. TMR has been used as sole therapy and in combination with coronary artery bypass grafting. Clinical studies have demonstrated that TMR is both safe and effective in angina relief long term. The objective of this review is to present the two approved laser devices and evidence for the safety and efficacy of TMR, along with future directions with this technology. PMID:25565905

Kindzelski, Bogdan A; Zhou, Yifu; Horvath, Keith A

2015-01-01

414

High performance thermoelectric nanocomposite device  

DOEpatents

A thermoelectric device includes a nanocomposite material with nanowires of at least one thermoelectric material having a predetermined figure of merit, the nanowires being formed in a porous substrate having a low thermal conductivity and having an average pore diameter ranging from about 4 nm to about 300 nm.

Yang, Jihui (Lakeshore, CA); Snyder, Dexter D. (Birmingham, MI)

2011-10-25

415

Laser Annealing of Power Devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

The discrete IGBT (Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor) is the most important power semiconductor device for power conversion and control in the medium power range with voltages >400 V. Next generation IGBTs require low thermal budget p-n junction formation for the back side field stop and emitter layer. The requirement for the limited thermal budget is due to the fact that

D. Friedrich; H. Bernt; H. Hanssen; P. Oesterlin; H. Schmidt

2007-01-01

416

Device-independent randomness amplification with a single device  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Expansion and amplification of weak randomness with untrusted quantum devices has recently become a very fruitful topic of research. Here we contribute with a procedure for amplifying a single weak random source using tri-partite GHZ-type entangled states. If the quality of the source reaches a fixed threshold R=log2?(10), perfect random bits can be produced. This technique can be used to extract randomness from sources that can't be extracted neither classically, nor by existing procedures developed for Santha-Vazirani sources. Our protocol works with a single fault-free device decomposable into three non-communicating parts, that is repeatedly reused throughout the amplification process.

Plesch, Martin; Pivoluska, Matej

2014-08-01

417

Pumps in wearable ultrafiltration devices: pumps in wuf devices.  

PubMed

The wearable artificial kidney (WAK) is a device that is supposed to operate like a real kidney, which permits prolonged, frequent, and continuous dialysis treatments for patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Its functioning is mainly related to its pumping system, as well as to its dialysate-generating and alarm/shutoff ones. A pump is defined as a device that moves fluids by mechanical action. In such a context, blood pumps pull blood from the access side of the dialysis catheter and return the blood at the same rate of flow. The main aim of this paper is to review the current literature on blood pumps, describing the way they have been functioning thus far and how they are being engineered, giving details about the most important parameters that define their quality, thus allowing the production of a radar comparative graph, and listing ideal pumps' features. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel. PMID:25659605

Armignacco, Paolo; Garzotto, Francesco; Bellini, Corrado; Neri, Mauro; Lorenzin, Anna; Sartori, Marco; Ronco, Claudio

2015-01-01

418

Hardware device binding and mutual authentication  

DOEpatents

Detection and deterrence of device tampering and subversion by substitution may be achieved by including a cryptographic unit within a computing device for binding multiple hardware devices and mutually authenticating the devices. The cryptographic unit includes a physically unclonable function ("PUF") circuit disposed in or on the hardware device, which generates a binding PUF value. The cryptographic unit uses the binding PUF value during an enrollment phase and subsequent authentication phases. During a subsequent authentication phase, the cryptographic unit uses the binding PUF values of the multiple hardware devices to generate a challenge to send to the other device, and to verify a challenge received from the other device to mutually authenticate the hardware devices.

Hamlet, Jason R; Pierson, Lyndon G

2014-03-04

419

Nano-composite organic devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sufficient advances have been made in conjugated organic materials within the last ten years so that applications such as light emitting diodes, organic sensors, organic lasers, and other devices are nearing commercial viability. However, the development of organics for high performance electronic and photonic technologies is still faced with significant challenges due to low and asymmetric carrier mobilities, oxidative changes in the metal-polymer interface, and photo-oxidation via energy transfer from the polymer triplet exciton. Traditionally, "doping" of the conjugated polymers to enhance performance has consisted of chemical doping, polymer-dye blending, or polymer-polymer blending. This research focuses on an alternate scheme of using single wall carbon nanotubes as dopants to form charge transfer nano-composites. The addition of single wall nanotubes to the polymer results in significant morphological and electronic changes to the composite. We present one of the first manuscripts showing ordering of a polymer on a single wall nanotube and the resultant modification of electronic states in the valence band of the tube. The electronic effects of single wall nanotubes in conjugated polymer composites are further investigated by constructing double layer organic light emitting diodes with a composite emissive layer. Charge transport was shown to be modified via the addition of shallow trapping states near the valence band of the polymer, and trap energies were calculated to be less than the exciton binding energy (<0.4 eV). The modification to the mobility of the device by the addition of the nanotubes moves the recombination zone in the device, and this can be used for color tuning of a single pixel. Devices were also constructed with single wall nanotube composite buffer layers. The addition of the nanotubes to the buffer layer resulted in a significant reduction in the electroluminescence of the device without changing the photoluminescence of the films indicating that the effect is electronic. The I˜V 2 power law dependence at low voltages suggests that the reduction in electroluminescence in these devices is also due to trapping states being introduced into the buffer polymer.

Czerw, Richard

420

21 CFR 880.6775 - Powered patient transfer device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Powered patient transfer device. 880.6775...Miscellaneous Devices § 880.6775 Powered patient transfer device. (a) Identification. A powered patient transfer device is a device...

2013-04-01

421

21 CFR 880.6775 - Powered patient transfer device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Powered patient transfer device. 880.6775...Miscellaneous Devices § 880.6775 Powered patient transfer device. (a) Identification. A powered patient transfer device is a device...

2014-04-01

422

21 CFR 880.6775 - Powered patient transfer device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Powered patient transfer device. 880.6775...Miscellaneous Devices § 880.6775 Powered patient transfer device. (a) Identification. A powered patient transfer device is a device...

2011-04-01

423

21 CFR 880.6775 - Powered patient transfer device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Powered patient transfer device. 880.6775...Miscellaneous Devices § 880.6775 Powered patient transfer device. (a) Identification. A powered patient transfer device is a device...

2010-04-01

424

21 CFR 880.6775 - Powered patient transfer device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Powered patient transfer device. 880.6775...Miscellaneous Devices § 880.6775 Powered patient transfer device. (a) Identification. A powered patient transfer device is a device...

2012-04-01

425

21 CFR 886.4360 - Ocular surgery irrigation device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Ocular surgery irrigation device. 886.4360 Section...Surgical Devices § 886.4360 Ocular surgery irrigation device. (a) Identification. An ocular surgery irrigation device is a device...

2012-04-01

426

21 CFR 886.4360 - Ocular surgery irrigation device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Ocular surgery irrigation device. 886.4360 Section...Surgical Devices § 886.4360 Ocular surgery irrigation device. (a) Identification. An ocular surgery irrigation device is a device...

2014-04-01

427

21 CFR 886.4360 - Ocular surgery irrigation device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Ocular surgery irrigation device. 886.4360 Section...Surgical Devices § 886.4360 Ocular surgery irrigation device. (a) Identification. An ocular surgery irrigation device is a device...

2010-04-01

428

21 CFR 886.4360 - Ocular surgery irrigation device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Ocular surgery irrigation device. 886.4360 Section...Surgical Devices § 886.4360 Ocular surgery irrigation device. (a) Identification. An ocular surgery irrigation device is a device...

2011-04-01

429

21 CFR 886.4360 - Ocular surgery irrigation device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Ocular surgery irrigation device. 886.4360 Section...Surgical Devices § 886.4360 Ocular surgery irrigation device. (a) Identification. An ocular surgery irrigation device is a device...

2013-04-01

430

21 CFR 864.6160 - Manual blood cell counting device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... 2014-04-01 false Manual blood cell counting device. 864.6160 Section...Hematology Devices § 864.6160 Manual blood cell counting device. (a) Identification. A manual blood cell counting device is a device used to...

2014-04-01

431

21 CFR 864.6160 - Manual blood cell counting device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-04-01 false Manual blood cell counting device. 864.6160 Section...Hematology Devices § 864.6160 Manual blood cell counting device. (a) Identification. A manual blood cell counting device is a device used to...

2010-04-01

432

21 CFR 864.6160 - Manual blood cell counting device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-04-01 false Manual blood cell counting device. 864.6160 Section...Hematology Devices § 864.6160 Manual blood cell counting device. (a) Identification. A manual blood cell counting device is a device used to...

2013-04-01

433

21 CFR 864.6160 - Manual blood cell counting device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-04-01 false Manual blood cell counting device. 864.6160 Section...Hematology Devices § 864.6160 Manual blood cell counting device. (a) Identification. A manual blood cell counting device is a device used to...

2011-04-01

434

21 CFR 864.6160 - Manual blood cell counting device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-04-01 false Manual blood cell counting device. 864.6160 Section...Hematology Devices § 864.6160 Manual blood cell counting device. (a) Identification. A manual blood cell counting device is a device used to...

2012-04-01

435

21 CFR 872.2060 - Jaw tracking device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 false Jaw tracking device. 872.2060 Section 872.2060 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION...DEVICES DENTAL DEVICES Diagnostic Devices § 872.2060 Jaw tracking device. (a) Jaw tracking...

2014-04-01

436

21 CFR 872.2060 - Jaw tracking device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 false Jaw tracking device. 872.2060 Section 872.2060 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION...DEVICES DENTAL DEVICES Diagnostic Devices § 872.2060 Jaw tracking device. (a) Jaw tracking...

2012-04-01

437

21 CFR 872.2060 - Jaw tracking device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Jaw tracking device. 872.2060 Section 872.2060 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION...DEVICES DENTAL DEVICES Diagnostic Devices § 872.2060 Jaw tracking device. (a) Jaw tracking...

2013-04-01

438

21 CFR 872.2060 - Jaw tracking device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Jaw tracking device. 872.2060 Section 872.2060 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION...DEVICES DENTAL DEVICES Diagnostic Devices § 872.2060 Jaw tracking device. (a) Jaw tracking...

2011-04-01

439

21 CFR 892.1670 - Spot-film device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES RADIOLOGY DEVICES Diagnostic Devices § 892.1670 Spot-film device. (a) Identification. A spot-film device...

2011-04-01

440

21 CFR 892.1670 - Spot-film device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES RADIOLOGY DEVICES Diagnostic Devices § 892.1670 Spot-film device. (a) Identification. A spot-film device...

2013-04-01

441

21 CFR 892.1670 - Spot-film device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES RADIOLOGY DEVICES Diagnostic Devices § 892.1670 Spot-film device. (a) Identification. A spot-film device...

2012-04-01

442

21 CFR 892.1670 - Spot-film device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES RADIOLOGY DEVICES Diagnostic Devices § 892.1670 Spot-film device. (a) Identification. A spot-film device...

2014-04-01

443

21 CFR 864.6100 - Bleeding time device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Bleeding time device. 864.6100 Section 864...Manual Hematology Devices § 864.6100 Bleeding time device. (a) Identification. A bleeding time device is a device, usually...

2013-04-01

444

21 CFR 864.6100 - Bleeding time device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Bleeding time device. 864.6100 Section 864...Manual Hematology Devices § 864.6100 Bleeding time device. (a) Identification. A bleeding time device is a device, usually...

2012-04-01

445

21 CFR 864.6100 - Bleeding time device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Bleeding time device. 864.6100 Section 864...Manual Hematology Devices § 864.6100 Bleeding time device. (a) Identification. A bleeding time device is a device, usually...

2010-04-01

446

21 CFR 882.1620 - Intracranial pressure monitoring device.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 false Intracranial pressure monitoring device. 882.1620 ...Devices § 882.1620 Intracranial pressure monitoring device. (a) Identification. An intracranial pressure monitoring device is a device...

2014-04-01

447

78 FR 36132 - National Standards for Traffic Control Devices; Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...from a number of electronic devices including computers, tablets...presenting traffic control device information more in a modular...guidance for traffic control devices. This narrative may also be...office environment as their primary [[Page 36134

2013-06-17

448

78 FR 55081 - Circulatory System Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory Committee; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...RV lead used with a CRT-D device also has the capability to...discretion of the clinician for both devices. The requested expansion in...parallel-controlled investigational device exemption (IDE) study. The primary objective of the trial...

2013-09-09

449

76 FR 69033 - Microbiology Devices; Classification of In Vitro Diagnostic Device for Yersinia Species Detection  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...CFR Part 866 Microbiology Devices; Classification of In Vitro Diagnostic Device for Yersinia Species Detection...and septicemic plague. The primary public health issue associated...measures. The Microbiology Devices Panel met March 7,...

2011-11-07

450

MIT Device Simulation WebLab : an online simulator for microelectronic devices  

E-print Network

In the field of microelectronics, a device simulator is an important engineering tool with tremendous educational value. With a device simulator, a student can examine the characteristics of a microelectronic device described ...

Solis, Adrian (Adrian Orbita)

2005-01-01

451

77 FR 66847 - Circulatory System Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory Committee; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...FDA-2012-N-0001] Circulatory System Devices Panel of the...Name of Committee: Circulatory System Devices Panel of the...III devices. These systems typically consist of...provide noninvasive circulatory support by...

2012-11-07

452

Centrifugal Filter Devices Centricon centrifugal filter devices with 10,000 NMWL, 30,000 NMWL,  

E-print Network

CENTRICON ® Centrifugal Filter Devices User Guide Centricon centrifugal filter devices with 10-vitro diagnostic use. Centricon centrifugal filter devices with 3,000 NMWL Ultracel YM membranes are for research ................................................... 3 Maximum Centrifugal Force .............................................................. 3 Rotor

Kirschner, Marc W.

453

21 CFR 801.45 - Devices that must be directly marked with a unique device identifier.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Devices that must be directly marked with a unique device identifier. 801.45 Section 801...HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES LABELING Labeling Requirements...

2014-04-01

454

21 CFR 801.35 - Voluntary labeling of a device with a unique device identifier.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 false Voluntary labeling of a device with a unique device identifier. 801.35 Section 801.35 Food...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES LABELING Labeling Requirements for Unique...

2014-04-01

455

77 FR 18829 - Gastroenterology and Urology Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory Committee; Notice of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory Committee...Russell, Center for Devices and Radiological Health...general issues related to medical devices intended for obese patients...recommendations regarding trial design for clinical...

2012-03-28

456

16 CFR 1507.9 - Toy smoke devices and flitter devices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...COMMISSION FEDERAL HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES ACT REGULATIONS FIREWORKS DEVICES § 1507.9 Toy smoke devices and flitter devices...such color and configuration so as to be confused with banned fireworks such as M-80 salutes, silver salutes, or cherry...

2013-01-01

457

75 FR 14170 - Medical Device Epidemiology Network: Developing Partnership Between the Center for Devices and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...health services research on issues related...methodology for studying medical device performance...health services research with an interest in medical device outcome...Opportunities for medical device epidemiologic research and...

2010-03-24

458

78 FR 13347 - Clinical Chemistry and Clinical Toxicology Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...classification for diagnostic devices known as methotrexate enzyme immunoassays. Methotrexate enzyme immunoassays are considered pre- Amendment devices...Device Amendments became effective. Methotrexate enzyme immunoassays are currently regulated under...

2013-02-27

459

78 FR 19717 - Clinical Chemistry and Clinical Toxicology Devices Panel of the Medical Devices Advisory...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...classification for diagnostic devices known as methotrexate enzyme immunoassays. Methotrexate enzyme immunoassays are considered pre-Amendment devices...Device Amendments became effective. Methotrexate enzyme immunoassays are currently regulated under...

2013-04-02

460

75 FR 70112 - Medical Devices; General and Plastic Surgery Devices; Classification of Non-Powered Suction...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Apparatus Device Intended for Negative Pressure Wound Therapy AGENCY: Food and Drug...apparatus device intended for negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) into class II...Apparatus Device Intended for Negative Pressure Wound Therapy.'' The agency is...

2010-11-17

461

RFQ device for accelerating particles  

DOEpatents

A superconducting radio frequency quadrupole (RFQ) device includes four spaced elongated, linear, tubular rods disposed parallel to a charged particle beam axis, with each rod supported by two spaced tubular posts oriented radially with respect to the beam axis. The rod and post geometry of the device has four-fold rotation symmetry, lowers the frequency of the quadrupole mode below that of the dipole mode, and provides large dipole-quadrupole mode isolation to accommodate a range of mechanical tolerances. The simplicity of the geometry of the structure, which can be formed by joining eight simple T-sections, provides a high degree of mechanical stability, is insensitive to mechanical displacement, and is particularly adapted for fabrication with superconducting materials such as niobium. 5 figs.

Shepard, K.W.; Delayen, J.R.

1995-06-06

462

Energy Transfer in molecular devices  

E-print Network

Protein machines often exhibit long range interplay between different sites in order to achieve their biological tasks. We investigate and characterize the non--linear energy localization and the basic mechanisms of energy transfer in protein devices. By studying two different model protein machines, with different biological functions, we show that genuinely non--linear phenomena are responsible for energy transport between the different machine sites involved in the biological functions. The energy transfer turns out to be extremely efficient from an energetic point of view: by changing the energy initially provided to the model device, we identify a well defined range of energies where the time for the energy transport to occur is minimal and the amount of transferred energy is maximum. Furthermore, by introducing an implicit solvent, we show that the energy is localized on the internal residues of the protein structure, thus minimizing the dissipation.

M. Caraglio; A. Imparato

2014-10-09

463

Energy transfer in molecular devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Protein machines often exhibit long-range interplay between different sites in order to achieve their biological tasks. We investigate and characterize the nonlinear energy localization and the basic mechanisms of energy transfer in protein devices. By studying two different model protein machines, with different biological functions, we show that genuinely nonlinear phenomena are responsible for energy transport between the different machine sites involved in the biological functions. The energy transfer turns out to be extremely efficient from an energetic point of view: by changing the energy initially provided to the model device, we identify a well defined range of energies where the time for the energy transport to occur is minimal and the amount of transferred energy is a maximum. Furthermore, by introducing an implicit solvent, we show that the energy is localized on the internal residues of the protein structure, thus minimizing the dissipation.

Caraglio, M.; Imparato, A.

2014-12-01

464

RFQ device for accelerating particles  

DOEpatents

A superconducting radio frequency quadrupole (RFQ) device includes four spaced elongated, linear, tubular rods disposed parallel to a charged particle beam axis, with each rod supported by two spaced tubular posts oriented radially with respect to the beam axis. The rod and post geometry of the device has four-fold rotation symmetry, lowers the frequency of the quadrupole mode below that of the dipole mode, and provides large dipole-quadrupole mode isolation to accommodate a range of mechanical tolerances. The simplicity of the geometry of the structure, which can be formed by joining eight simple T-sections, provides a high degree of mechanical stability, is insensitive to mechanical displacement, and is particularly adapted for fabrication with superconducting materials such as niobium.

Shepard, Kenneth W. (Park Ridge, IL); Delayen, Jean R. (Naperville, IL)

1995-01-01

465

Extraglottic airway devices: A review  

PubMed Central

Extraglottic airway devices (EAD) have become an integral part of anesthetic care since their introduction into clinical practice 25 years ago and have been used safely hundreds of millions of times, worldwide. They are an important first option for difficult ventilation during both in-hospital and out-of-hospital difficult airway management and can be utilized as a conduit for tracheal intubation either blindly or assisted by another technology (fiberoptic endoscopy, lightwand). Thus, the EAD may be the most versatile single airway technique in the airway management toolbox. However, despite their utility, knowledge regarding specific devices and the supporting data for their use is of paramount importance to patient's safety. In this review, number of commercially available EADs are discussed and the reported benefits and potential pitfalls are highlighted. PMID:24741502

Ramaiah, Ramesh; Das, Debasmita; Bhananker, Sanjay M; Joffe, Aaron M

2014-01-01

466

SAW device provides hyperbolic chirp  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 'echo' location system employed by bats utilizes pulses whose frequency varies with time. This system is hyperbolically, rather than linearly weighted. It is pointed out that this concept of hyperbolic weighting, implemented with relatively inexpensive surface accoustic wave (SAW) devices, can be applied to torpedo guidance and satellite interception. The use of hyperbolic weighting allows the use of chirp by reducing the nonlinearity of the Doppler shift. The use of a hyperbolically weighted chirp (HWC) provides an approach for substantially overcoming a problem caused by the Doppler effect. The block diagram of a typical spread spectrum detection, tracking, and homing system is presented. This system uses a nonlinearly weighted SAW device as a spectrum spreader and compressor.

Johnson, R. H.

1983-11-01

467

Beam shaping with nanooptical devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a review of recent achievements in nanoscale optical devices based on energy transport with surface plasmon-polaritons and localized surface plasmons. Chains of metal subwavelength-size particles and stripes are used to build straight waveguides, s-bends, y-junctions and beam shaping devices. Strong enhancement of near-field in nanogaps between particles leads to efficient light emission from such nanoantennas. Development of surface plasmon nanoptics stimulates further progress in near-field imaging. To improve resolution of scanning near-field optical microscope (SNOM) it is necessary to improve light throughput in tapered metal-coated SNOM probes. This is achievable due to resonant surface plasmons that propagate in corrugated probes.

Pniewski, Jacek; Antosiewicz, Tomasz J.; Saj, Wladyslaw M.; Szoplik, Tomasz

2008-05-01

468

Sensing device with whisker elements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A sensing device includes an elongated whisker element having a flexible cantilever region and a base region where a change in moment or curvature is generated by bending of the cantilever region when it contacts an object. One or more sensor elements cooperatively associated with the whisker element provide one or more output signals that is/are representative of two orthogonal components of change in moment or curvature at the whisker base region to permit determination of object distance, fluid velocity profile, or object contour (shape) with accounting for lateral slip of the whisker element and frictional characteristics of the object. Multiple sensing devices can be arranged in arrays in a manner to sense object contour without or with adjustment for lateral slip.

Hartmann, Mitra J. (Inventor); Solomon, Joseph H. (Inventor)

2010-01-01

469

Sensing Device with Whisker Elements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A sensing device includes an elongated whisker element having a flexible cantilever region and a base region where a change in moment or curvature is generated by bending of the cantilever region when it contacts an object. One or more sensor elements cooperatively associated with the whisker element provide one or more output signals that is/are representative of two orthogonal components of change in moment or curvature at the whisker base region to permit determination of object distance, fluid velocity profile, or object contour (shape) with accounting for lateral slip of the whisker element and frictional characteristics of the object. Multiple sensing devices can be arranged in arrays in a manner to sense object contour without or with adjustment for lateral slip.

Hartmann, Mitra J. (Inventor); Solomon, Joseph H. (Inventor)

2013-01-01

470

Extraglottic airway devices: A review.  

PubMed

Extraglottic airway devices (EAD) have become an integral part of anesthetic care since their introduction into clinical practice 25 years ago and have been used safely hundreds of millions of times, worldwide. They are an important first option for difficult ventilation during both in-hospital and out-of-hospital difficult airway management and can be utilized as a conduit for tracheal intubation either blindly or assisted by another technology (fiberoptic endoscopy, lightwand). Thus, the EAD may be the most versatile single airway technique in the airway management toolbox. However, despite their utility, knowledge regarding specific devices and the supporting data for their use is of paramount importance to patient's safety. In this review, number of commercially available EADs are discussed and the reported benefits and potential pitfalls are highlighted. PMID:24741502

Ramaiah, Ramesh; Das, Debasmita; Bhananker, Sanjay M; Joffe, Aaron M

2014-01-01

471

Sonic crystal acoustic switch device.  

PubMed

This study reports a wave-controlled sonic crystal switch device that exhibits a destructive interference-based wave to wave reverse switching effect. By applying control waves, this acoustic device, composed of a two-dimensional square lattice sonic crystal block, reduces acoustic wave transmission from input to output. The finite difference time domain simulation and experimental results confirm the wave-to-wave reverse switching effect at the peak frequencies of the second band. The proposed sonic crystal switch prototype provides a contrast rate of 86% at 11.3 kHz frequency. This wave-to-wave switching effect is useful for controlling wave propagation for smart structure applications. PMID:23742444

Alagoz, Serkan; Alagoz, Baris Baykant

2013-06-01

472

Recombination device for storage batteries  

DOEpatents

A recombination device including a gas-tight enclosure connected to receive he discharge gases from a rechargeable storage battery. Catalytic material for the recombination of hydrogen and oxygen to form water is supported within the enclosure. The enclosure is sealed from the atmosphere by a liquid seal including two vertical chambers interconnected with an inverted U-shaped overflow tube. The first chamber is connected at its upper portion to the enclosure and the second chamber communicates at its upper portion with the atmosphere. If the pressure within the enclosure differs as overpressure or vacuum by more than the liquid level, the liquid is forced into one of the two chambers and the overpressure is vented or the vacuum is relieved. The recombination device also includes means for returning recombined liquid to the battery and for absorbing metal hydrides.

Kraft, Helmut (Liederbach, DE); Ledjeff, Konstantin (Bad Krozingen, DE)

1985-01-01

473

Recombination device for storage batteries  

DOEpatents

A recombination device including a gas-tight enclosure connected to receive the discharge gases from a rechargeable storage battery. Catalytic material for the recombination of hydrogen and oxygen to form water is supported within the enclosure. The enclosure is sealed from the atmosphere by a liquid seal including two vertical chambers interconnected with an inverted U-shaped overflow tube. The first chamber is connected at its upper portion to the enclosure and the second chamber communicates at its upper portion with the atmosphere. If the pressure within the enclosure differs as overpressure or vacuum by more than the liquid level, the liquid is forced into one of the two chambers and the overpressure is vented or the vacuum is relieved. The recombination device also includes means for returning recombined liquid to the battery and for absorbing metal hydrides.

Kraft, H.; Ledjeff, K.

1984-01-01

474

Dielectrokinetic chromatography and devices thereof  

SciTech Connect

Disclosed herein are methods and devices for dielectrokinetic chromatography. As disclosed, the devices comprise microchannels having at least one perturber which produces a non-uniformity in a field spanning the width of the microchannel. The interaction of the field non-uniformity with a perturber produces a secondary flow which competes with a primary flow. By decreasing the size of the perturber the secondary flow becomes significant for particles/analytes in the nanometer-size range. Depending on the nature of a particle/analyte present in the fluid and its interaction with the primary flow and the secondary flow, the analyte may be retained or redirected. The composition of the primary flow can be varied to affect the magnitude of primary and/or secondary flows on the particles/analytes and thereby separate and concentrate it from other particles/analytes.

Chirica, Gabriela S; Fiechtner, Gregory J; Singh, Anup K

2014-04-22

475

Radio frequency coaxial feedthrough device  

DOEpatents

A radio frequency coaxial vacuum feedthrough is provided which utilizes a cylindrical ceramic vacuum break formed of an alumina ceramic. The cylinder is coaxially disposed and brazed between tapered coaxial conductors to form a vacuum sealed connection between a pressurized upstream coaxial transmission line and a utilization device located within a vacuum container. The feedthrough provides 50 ohm matched impedance RF feedthrough up to about 500 MHz at power levels in the multimegawatt range.

Owens, Thomas L. (Kingston, TN); Baity, Frederick W. (Oak Ridge, TN); Hoffman, Daniel J. (Oak Ridge, TN); Whealton, John H. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1987-01-01

476

A nanophotonic solar thermophotovoltaic device.  

PubMed

The most common approaches to generating power from sunlight are either photovoltaic, in which sunlight directly excites electron-hole pairs in a semiconductor, or solar-thermal, in which sunlight drives a mechanical heat engine. Photovoltaic power generation is intermittent and typically only exploits a portion of the solar spectrum efficiently, whereas the intrinsic irreversibilities of small heat engines make the solar-thermal approach best suited for utility-scale power plants. There is, therefore, an increasing need for hybrid technologies for solar power generation. By converting sunlight into thermal emission tuned to energies directly above the photovoltaic bandgap using a hot absorber-emitter, solar thermophotovoltaics promise to leverage the benefits of both approaches: high efficiency, by harnessing the entire solar spectrum; scalability and compactness, because of their solid-state nature; and dispatchablility, owing to the ability to store energy using thermal or chemical means. However, efficient collection of sunlight in the absorber and spectral control in the emitter are particularly challenging at high operating temperatures. This drawback has limited previous experimental demonstrations of this approach to conversion efficiencies around or below 1% (refs 9, 10, 11). Here, we report on a full solar thermophotovoltaic device, which, thanks to the nanophotonic properties of the absorber-emitter surface, reaches experimental efficiencies of 3.2%. The device integrates a multiwalled carbon nanotube absorber and a one-dimensional Si/SiO2 photonic-crystal emitter on the same substrate, with the absorber-emitter areas optimized to tune the energy balance of the device. Our device is planar and compact and could become a viable option for high-performance solar thermophotovoltaic energy conversion. PMID:24441985

Lenert, Andrej; Bierman, David M; Nam, Youngsuk; Chan, Walker R; Celanovi?, Ivan; Solja?i?, Marin; Wang, Evelyn N

2014-02-01

477

Physics and high speed devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is shown how an understanding of the physics of nonequilibrium electron transport in III-V semiconductors can usefully be applied to determining the limits of n-p-n InP\\/In0.53Ga0.47As heterostructure bipolar transistor device performance. For example, it is seen that nonequilibrium transport in In0.53Ga0.47 As improves static transistor characteristics such as current gain and minimum lateral dimensions. In addition, the fastest bipolar

A. F. J. Levi; R. N. Nottenburg; B. Jalali; A. Y. Cho; M. B. Panish

1990-01-01

478

Numerical modeling of magnetic devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a general approach to directly couple finite-element models with arbitrary electric circuits for application to electromagnetic devices. We describe both two-dimensional (2-D) and three-dimensional (3-D) transient finite-element models, with emphasis on 3-D using a T-? formulation. For 3-D transient and circuit coupling, the derivation of the induced voltage is an integral part of the coupling approach, and the

P. Zhou; W. N. Fu; D. Lin; S. Stanton; Z. J. Cendes

2004-01-01

479

Alternative display and interaction devices  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

While virtual environment systems are typically thought to consist of a head mounted display and a flex-sensing glove, alternative peripheral devices are beginning to be developed in response to application requirements. Three such alternatives are discussed: fingertip sensing gloves, fixed stereoscopic viewers, and counterbalanced head mounted displays. A subset of commercial examples that highlight each alternative is presented as well as a brief discussion of interesting engineering and implementation issues.

Bolas, M. T.; McDowall, I. E.; Mead, R. X.; Lorimer, E. R.; Hackbush, J. E.; Greuel, C.

1995-01-01

480

PLATO: An Automatic Teaching Device  

Microsoft Academic Search

PLATO¿a teaching machine developed during the past nine months at the Coordinated Science Laboratory of the University of Illinois¿is a device for teaching a number of students individually by means of a single, central, high-speed general-purpose digital computer. Each student is provided with his own keyset and television display. The keyset enables the student to control the sequence of materials

D. Bitzer; P. Braunfeld; W. Lichtenberger

1961-01-01

481

Suprachoroidal Devices in Glaucoma Surgery  

PubMed Central

While conventional glaucoma filtration surgery provides excellent intraocular pressure (IOP) lowering effect, this comes at the expense of significant risks. As the physiology of the suprachoroidal space has become better understood, its potential as a source for aqueous drainage has generated significant interest. This has resulted in the creation of several suprachoroidal glaucoma devices with excellent IOP lowering ability and a much more favorable side effect profile.

Kammer, Jeffrey A.; Mundy, Kevin M.

2015-01-01

482

Guided wave integrated optical devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Guided-wave integrated optical devices are demonstrated by using various optical materials. First, a novel integrated optical planar waveguide platform for absorption-based biosensing is demonstrated. The platform integrates surface ion-exchanged channel waveguides with one-step UV patterned sol-gel structures to define the probing regions. Cytochrome c protein was utilized to characterize the device performance. Spectroscopically specific attenuation of approximately 2 dB in the guided signal occurred at 532nm for 1.4 cm long probing region. The estimated level of detection is about 1 pmol/cm2 of surface adsorbed cytochrome c. The proposed structure enables environmentally stable, compact, and inexpensive sensing devices that can be applied to a wide range of biological and chemical species. Second, An arrayed waveguide grating (AWG) with a novel S-shaped design for broadband operation is demonstrated for the first time with III-V semiconductors. This device design provided a polarization and temperature insensitive operation. It is also shown that, despite the wide operating range, chromatic dispersion does not degrade the performance of the AWG. The AWG is operational above the absorption edge of the semiconductor (1100nm) and can function for a wide range of wavelengths covering the coarse wavelength multiplexing range from 1270nm to 1610nm. A four channel AWG with this novel design was fabricated and characterized. Finally, simple fabrication of optical waveguides using a novel Photosensitive Polyimide (PSPI) is presented. PSPI has a glass transition temperature (Tg) of 330°C and is directly patterned by UV exposure and wet chemical development, lending itself to low cost fabrication techniques. The fabricated waveguides posses low optical absorption at 1.3 and 1.5 mum. Single and multimode buried ridge waveguides were made and tested, and a 0.4 dB/cm optical propagation loss is measured at 1.55 mum.

Yurt, Nasuhi

483

Portable vacuum object handling device  

DOEpatents

The disclosure relates to a portable device adapted to handle objects which are not to be touched by hand. A piston and bore wall form a vacuum chamber communicating with an adaptor sealably engageable with an object to be lifted. The piston is manually moved and set to establish vacuum. A valve is manually actuatable to apply the vacuum to lift the object. 1 fig.

Anderson, G.H.

1983-08-09

484

Fabricating a hybrid imaging device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A hybrid detector or imager includes two substrates fabricated under incompatible processes. An array of detectors, such as charged-coupled devices, are formed on the first substrate using a CCD fabrication process, such as a buried channel or peristaltic process. One or more charge-converting amplifiers are formed on a second substrate using a CMOS fabrication process. The two substrates are then bonded together to form a hybrid detector.

Wadsworth, Mark (Inventor); Atlas, Gene (Inventor)

2003-01-01

485

Video Browsing on Handheld Devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent improvements in processing power, storage space, and video codec development enable users now to playback video on their handheld devices in a reasonable quality. However, given the form factor restrictions of such a mobile device, screen size still remains a natural limit and - as the term "handheld" implies - always will be a critical resource. This is not only true for video but any data that is processed on such devices. For this reason, developers have come up with new and innovative ways to deal with large documents in such limited scenarios. For example, if you look at the iPhone, innovative techniques such as flicking have been introduced to skim large lists of text (e.g. hundreds of entries in your music collection). Automatically adapting the zoom level to, for example, the width of table cells when double tapping on the screen enables reasonable browsing of web pages that have originally been designed for large, desktop PC sized screens. A multi touch interface allows you to easily zoom in and out of large text documents and images using two fingers. In the next section, we will illustrate that advanced techniques to browse large video files have been developed in the past years, as well. However, if you look at state-of-the-art video players on mobile devices, normally just simple, VCR like controls are supported (at least at the time of this writing) that only allow users to just start, stop, and pause video playback. If supported at all, browsing and navigation functionality is often restricted to simple skipping of chapters via two single buttons for backward and forward navigation and a small and thus not very sensitive timeline slider.

Hürst, Wolfgang

486

Microfluidic Devices and Flow Rate  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students obtain a basic understanding of microfluidic devices, how they are developed and their uses in the medical field. After conducting the associated activity, they watch a video clip and learn about flow rate and how this relates to the speed at which medicine takes effect in the body. What they learn contributes to their ongoing objective to answer the challenge question presented in lesson 1 of this unit. They conclude by solving flow rate problems provided on a worksheet.

VU Bioengineering RET Program,

487

A rotating electrical transfer device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The design, development, and performance characteristics of two roll ring configurations - a roll ring being a device used in transferring electrical energy across a continuously rotating or oscillating interface through one or more flexible rolling contacts, or flexures are described. Emphasis is placed on the design problems and solutions encountered during development in the areas of flexure fatigue, contact electroplating, electrical noise, and control of interface geometry. Also, the present status of each configuration is summarized.

Porter, R. S.

1985-01-01

488

Reticulated Heterojunctions for Photovoltaic Devices  

SciTech Connect

An organic semiconductor device is formed by the self-assembly on a transparent electrode surface. The donor (see picture; dibenzotetrathienocoronene, yellow layer) deposits as supramolecular cables, and the acceptor (C60, orange) subsequently infiltrates this network. This network provides a donor–acceptor interface that is interwoven at the nanoscale. When incorporated into a solar cell, the active layer provides large increases in power conversion efficiencies.

Gorodetsky, Alon A.; Chiu, Chien-Yang; Schiros, Theanne; Palma, Matteo; Cox, Marshall P.; Jia, Zhang; Sattler, Wesley; Kymissis, Ioannis; Steigerwald, Mike; Nuckolls, Colin

2010-01-01

489

Emerging gallium nitride based devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wide bandgap GaN has long been sought for its applications to blue and UV emitters and high temperature\\/high power electronic devices. Recent introduction of commercial blue and blue-green LED's have led to a plethora of activity in all three continents into the heterostructures based on GaN and its alloys with AlN and InN. In this review, the status and future

S. N. Mohammad; ARNEL A. SALVADOR; HADIS MORKOC

1995-01-01

490

Numerical Modeling of Nanoelectronic Devices  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Nanoelectronic Modeling 3-D (NEMO 3-D) is a computer program for numerical modeling of the electronic structure properties of a semiconductor device that is embodied in a crystal containing as many as 16 million atoms in an arbitrary configuration and that has overall dimensions of the order of tens of nanometers. The underlying mathematical model represents the quantummechanical behavior of the device resolved to the atomistic level of granularity. The system of electrons in the device is represented by a sparse Hamiltonian matrix that contains hundreds of millions of terms. NEMO 3-D solves the matrix equation on a Beowulf-class cluster computer, by use of a parallel-processing matrix vector multiplication algorithm coupled to a Lanczos and/or Rayleigh-Ritz algorithm that solves for eigenvalues. In a recent update of NEMO 3-D, a new strain treatment, parameterized for bulk material properties of GaAs and InAs, was developed for two tight-binding submodels. The utility of the NEMO 3-D was demonstrated in an atomistic analysis of the effects of disorder in alloys and, in particular, in bulk In(x)Ga(l-x)As and in In0.6Ga0.4As quantum dots.

Klimeck, Gerhard; Oyafuso, Fabiano; Bowen, R. Chris; Boykin, Timothy

2003-01-01

491

Nanoporous materials for biomedical devices.  

SciTech Connect

Nanoporous materials are currently being developed for use in implantable drug delivery systems, bioartificial organs, and other novel medical devices. Advances in nanofabrication have made it possible to precisely control the pore size, pore distribution, porosity, and chemical properties of pores in nanoporous materials. As a result, these materials are attractive for regulating and sensing transport at the molecular level. In this work, the use of nanoporous membranes for biomedical applications is reviewed. The basic concepts underlying membrane transport are presented in the context of design considerations for efficient size sorting. Desirable properties of nanoporous membranes used in implantable devices, including biocompatibility and antibiofouling behavior, are also discussed. In addition, the use of surface modification techniques to improve the function of nanoporous membranes is reviewed. An intriguing possibility involves functionalizing nanoporous materials with smart polymers in order to modulate biomolecular transport in response to pH, temperature, ionic concentration, or other stimuli. These efforts open up avenues to develop smart medical devices that respond to specific physiological conditions.

Adiga, S. P.; Curtiss, L. A.; Elam, J. W.; Pellin, M. J.; Shih, C.-C.; Shin, C.-M.; Lin, S.-J.; Su, Y.-Y.; Gittard, S. D.; Zhang, J.; Narayan, R. J.; National Yang-Ming Univ.; Taipei Medical Univ.; Univ. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

2008-01-01

492

Virtual cathode microwave devices -- Basics  

SciTech Connect

Unlike a conventional microwave tube, a virtual-cathode device operates above the space-charge limit where the depth of the space-charge potential can cause electron reflection. The region associated with this electron reflection is referred to as a virtual cathode. Microwaves can be generated through oscillations in the position of the virtual cathode and through the bunching of electrons trapped in a potential well between the real and virtual cathodes. These two mechanisms are competitive. There are three basic classes of virtual cathode devices: (1) reflex triode; (2) reditron and side-shoot vircator; and (3) reflex diode or vircator. The reflex diode is the highest power virtual-cathode device. For the reflex diode the energy exchange between the beam and electromagnetic wave occurs in both the axial and radial directions. In some designs the oscillating-virtual-cathode frequency exceeds the reflexing-electron frequency exceeds the oscillating-virtual-cathode frequency. For the flex diode a periodic disruption in magnetic insulation can modulate the high- frequency microwave power. Overall, particle-in-cell simulation predictions and axial reflex diode experiments are in good agreement. Although frequency stability and phase locking of the reflex diode have been demonstrated, little progress has been made in efficiency enhancement. 58 refs., 11 figs.

Thode, L.E.; Snell, C.M.

1991-01-01

493

Integrated eyeball-tracking device  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This investigation presents a concept of integrated device, which tracks the movement of eyeball in real time. Integrated optical components are applied to perform infrared oculography to find the position of the eyeball. First, the photodiodes emits infrared to human eyes via the output coupler, then the reflected light is collected by the input coupler and detected by the photodetectors. By analyzing the electrical signal, we could figure the position of the eyeball out. The basic principle is based on the differential of reflected index between sclera and iris. The light source and detectors are settled on the side of goggles worn and, in doing so, the eyesight could be wide without obstacles. Therefore, the optical guiding interconnection is an essential issue for the eyeball- tracking device. Since the fine line gratings are necessary for the optical coupler, the electron beam writing is used to meet the requirement. The gratings with 40 nm line width are achieved, and it is sufficient for optical coupling. On the other hand, the electrical signal related eyeball position is simulated. We could translate the electrical signal readout into the coordinate of the eyeball position. The whole eyeball-tracking device would be small volume, less weight, and portable.

Chen, Hunglin; Yen, Kaihsiang; Chio, Jinhung; Huang, Huiwen; Dai, Chingliang; Chang, Chienliu; Chang, Peizen

2000-07-01

494

Silicon-organic hybrid devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Silicon-organic hybrid (SOH) devices combine silicon waveguides with a number of specialized materials, ranging from third-order optically-nonlinear molecules to second-order nonlinear polymers and liquid-crystals. Second-order nonlinear materials allow building high-speed and low-voltage electro-optic modulators, which are key components for future silicon-based photonics transceivers. We report on a 90 GHz bandwidth phase modulator, and on a 56 Gbit/s QPSK experiment using an IQ Pockels effect modulator. By using liquid-crystal claddings instead, we show experimentally that phase shifters with record-low power consumption and ultra-low voltage-length product of V?L = 0.06 Vmm. Secondorder nonlinear materials, moreover, allow creating nonlinear waveguides for sum- or difference-frequency generation, and for lowest-noise optical parametric amplification. These processes are exploited for a large variety of applications, like in the emerging field of on-chip generation of mid-IR wavelengths, where pump powers are significantly smaller compared to equivalent devices using third-order nonlinear materials. In this work, we present the first SOH waveguide design suited for second-order nonlinear processes. We predict for our device an amplification of 14 dB/cm assuming a conservative ?(2)-nonlinearity of 230 pm/V and a CW pump power as low as 20 dBm.

Alloatti, L.; Korn, D.; Pfeifle, J.; Palmer, R.; Koeber, S.; Baier, M.; Schmogrow, R.; Diebold, Sebastian; Pahl, P.; Zwick, T.; Yu, H.; Bogaerts, W.; Baets, R.; Fournier, M.; Fedeli, J.; Dinu, R.; Koos, C.; Freude, W.; Leuthold, J.

2013-02-01

495

Design of electrospinning mesh devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes the features of new membranes that can act as local biomedical devices owing to their peculiar shape in the form of mesh structure. These materials are designed to provide significant effects to reduce local inflammations and improve the tissue regeneration. Lamellar Hydrotalcite loaded with Diclofenac Sodium (HTLc-DIK) was homogenously dispersed inside a polymeric matrix of Poly-caprolactone (PCL) to manufacture membranes by electrospinning technique. The experimental procedure and the criteria employed have shown to be extremely effective at increasing potentiality and related applications. The employed technique has proved to be very useful to manufacture polymeric fibers with diameters in the range of nano-micro scale. In this work a dedicated collector based on a proprietary technology of IME Technologies and Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e) was used. It allowed to obtain devices with a macro shape of a 3D-mesh. Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) highlights a very interesting texture of the electrospun fibers. They show a lamellar morphology that is only slightly modified by the inclusion of the interclay embedded in the devices to control the drug release phenomena.

Russo, Giuseppina; Peters, Gerrit W. M.; Solberg, Ramon H. M.; Vittoria, Vittoria

2012-07-01

496

RADRELAY RADIOLOGICAL DATA LINK DEVICE  

SciTech Connect

The RadRelay effort developed small, field appropriate, portable prototype devices that allow radiological spectra to be downloaded from field radiological detectors, like the identiFINDER-U, and transmitted to land based experts. This communications capability was designed for the U. S. Coast Guard (USCG) but is also applicable to the Customs and Border Protection (CBP) personnel working in remote locations. USCG Level II personnel currently use the identiFINDER-U Hand-Held Radioisotope ID Devices (HHRIID) to detect radiological materials during specific boarding operations. These devices will detect not only radiological emissions but will also evaluate those emissions against a table of known radiological spectra. The RadRelay has been developed to significantly improve the functionality of HHRIID, by providing the capability to download radiological spectra and then transmit them using satellite or cell phone technology. This remote wireless data transfer reduces the current lengthy delay often encountered between the shipboard detection of unknown radiological material and the evaluation of that data by technical and command personnel. That delay is reduced from hours to minutes and allows the field located personnel to remain on station during the inspection and evaluation process.

Harpring, L; Frank Heckendorn, F

2007-11-06

497

Editorial: Photovoltaic Materials and Devices  

SciTech Connect

As the global energy needs grow, there is increasing interest in the generation of electricity by photovoltaics (PVs) devices or solar cells - devices that convert sunlight to electricity. Solar industry has seen an enormous growth during the last decade. The sale of PV modules has exceeded 27 GW in 2011, with significant contributions to the market share from all technologies. While the silicon technology continues to have the dominant share, the other thin film technologies (CdTe, CIGS, a-Si, and organic PV) are experiencing fast growth. Increased production of silicon modules has led to a very rapid reduction in their price and remains as benchmark for other technologies. The PV industry is in full gear to commercialize new automated equipment for solar cell and module production, instrumentation for process monitoring technologies, and for implementation of other cost-reduction approaches, and extensive research continues to be carried out in many laboratories to improve the efficiency of solar cells and modules without increasing the production costs. A large variety of solar cells, which differ in the material systems used, design, PV structure, and even the principle of PV conversion, are designed to date. This special issue contains peer-reviewed papers in the recent developments in research related to broad spectrum of photovoltaic materials and devices. It contains papers on many aspects of solar cells-the growth and deposition, characterization, and new material development.

Sopori, B.; Tan, T.; Rupnowski, P.

2012-01-01

498

Release strategies for making transferable semiconductor structures, devices and device components  

DOEpatents

Provided are methods for making a device or device component by providing a multilayer structure having a plurality of functional layers and a plurality of release layers and releasing the functional layers from the multilayer structure by separating one or more of the release layers to generate a plurality of transferable structures. The transferable structures are printed onto a device substrate or device component supported by a device substrate. The methods and systems provide means for making high-quality and low-cost photovoltaic devices, transferable semiconductor structures, (opto-)electronic devices and device components.

Rogers, John A; Nuzzo, Ralph G; Meitl, Matthew; Ko, Heung Cho; Yoon, Jongseung; Menard, Etienne; Baca, Alfred J

2014-11-25

499

Release strategies for making transferable semiconductor structures, devices and device components  

DOEpatents

Provided are methods for making a device or device component by providing a multilayer structure having a plurality of functional layers and a plurality of release layers and releasing the functional layers from the multilayer structure by separating one or more of the release layers to generate a plurality of transferable structures. The transferable structures are printed onto a device substrate or device component supported by a device substrate. The methods and systems provide means for making high-quality and low-cost photovoltaic devices, transferable semiconductor structures, (opto-)electronic devices and device components.

Rogers, John A. (Champaign, IL); Nuzzo, Ralph G. (Champaign, IL); Meitl, Matthew (Raleigh, NC); Ko, Heung Cho (Urbana, IL); Yoon, Jongseung (Urbana, IL); Menard, Etienne (Durham, NC); Baca, Alfred J. (Urbana, IL)

2011-04-26

500

75 FR 16347 - Medical Devices; Pediatric Uses of Devices; Requirement for Submission of Information on...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...includes the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, FDA, National...healthcare practitioners, medical device trade associations...Confidential business information, Medical devices, Medical research, Reporting and...

2010-04-01