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1

The Genome Landscape of the African Green Monkey Kidney-Derived Vero Cell Line  

PubMed Central

Continuous cell lines that originate from mammalian tissues serve as not only invaluable tools for life sciences, but also important animal cell substrates for the production of various types of biological pharmaceuticals. Vero cells are susceptible to various types of microbes and toxins and have widely contributed to not only microbiology, but also the production of vaccines for human use. We here showed the genome landscape of a Vero cell line, in which 25,877 putative protein-coding genes were identified in the 2.97-Gb genome sequence. A homozygous ?9-Mb deletion on chromosome 12 caused the loss of the type I interferon gene cluster and cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor genes in Vero cells. In addition, an ?59-Mb loss of heterozygosity around this deleted region suggested that the homozygosity of the deletion was established by a large-scale conversion. Moreover, a genomic analysis of Vero cells revealed a female Chlorocebus sabaeus origin and proviral variations of the endogenous simian type D retrovirus. These results revealed the genomic basis for the non-tumourigenic permanent Vero cell lineage susceptible to various pathogens and will be useful for generating new sub-lines and developing new tools in the quality control of Vero cells. PMID:25267831

Osada, Naoki; Kohara, Arihiro; Yamaji, Toshiyuki; Hirayama, Noriko; Kasai, Fumio; Sekizuka, Tsuyoshi; Kuroda, Makoto; Hanada, Kentaro

2014-01-01

2

The genome landscape of the african green monkey kidney-derived vero cell line.  

PubMed

Continuous cell lines that originate from mammalian tissues serve as not only invaluable tools for life sciences, but also important animal cell substrates for the production of various types of biological pharmaceuticals. Vero cells are susceptible to various types of microbes and toxins and have widely contributed to not only microbiology, but also the production of vaccines for human use. We here showed the genome landscape of a Vero cell line, in which 25,877 putative protein-coding genes were identified in the 2.97-Gb genome sequence. A homozygous ?9-Mb deletion on chromosome 12 caused the loss of the type I interferon gene cluster and cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor genes in Vero cells. In addition, an ?59-Mb loss of heterozygosity around this deleted region suggested that the homozygosity of the deletion was established by a large-scale conversion. Moreover, a genomic analysis of Vero cells revealed a female Chlorocebus sabaeus origin and proviral variations of the endogenous simian type D retrovirus. These results revealed the genomic basis for the non-tumourigenic permanent Vero cell lineage susceptible to various pathogens and will be useful for generating new sub-lines and developing new tools in the quality control of Vero cells. PMID:25267831

Osada, Naoki; Kohara, Arihiro; Yamaji, Toshiyuki; Hirayama, Noriko; Kasai, Fumio; Sekizuka, Tsuyoshi; Kuroda, Makoto; Hanada, Kentaro

2014-12-01

3

Engineering Vero cells to secrete human insulin  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cell therapy may have the potential for the treatment of Type I diabetes. To date, cells suitable for this purpose have not been developed. This study investigates the feasibility of modifying Vero, a cell line that may be considered safe to implant into humans, for this purpose. Stable Vero transfectants containing full-length human preproinsulin complementary deoxyribonucleic acid (cDNA) were generated

Lorraine O’Driscoll; Patrick Gammell; Martin Clynes

2002-01-01

4

Photoirradiation study of gold nanospheres and rods in Vero and Hela cell lines  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Photoirradiation effect of gold nanospheres in conjucation with green light and rods in conjugation with red light corresponds to their absorption wavelength range found to be appreciable. In this present work concentration of nanomaterial and light dose were optimized. Gold nanospheres were synthesized by reduction technique using Sodium Borohydrate as reducing agent and Trisodium Citrate as capping agent. Au nanorods having 680-900nm absorption were synthesized using reduction techniques with CTAB and BDAC polymers. From UV-Vis absorption and Transmission Electron Microscopy the size of nanoparticles were confirmed. 30nm Gold nanospheres and green light source of 530nm wavelength with power 30mW were applied to Vero and Hela cell lines shows higher toxicity for Hela cells. Nanorods were applied and irradiated with 680nm wavelength light source with light intensity 45mW. Post irradiation effect for 24hrs, 48hrs confirms cell proliferation in normal rate in viable cells. The morphological changes in irradiated spot leads to apoptotoic cell death was confirmed with microscopic imaging. The LD50 value was also calculated.

Gananathan, Poorani; Aruna, Prakasarao; Ganesan, Singaravelu; Elanchezhiyan, Manickan

2014-03-01

5

Evaluation of antiviral activities of curcumin derivatives against HSV-1 in Vero cell line.  

PubMed

Antiviral drug resistance is one of the most common problems in medicine, and, therefore, finding new antiviral agents, especially from natural resources, seems to be necessary. This study was designed to assay the antiviral activity of curcumin and its new derivatives like gallium-curcumin and Cu-curcumin on replication of HSV-1 in cell culture. The research was performed as an in vitro study in which the antiviral activity of different concentrations of three substances including curcumin, Gallium-curcumin and Cu-curcumin were tested on HSV-1. The cytotoxicity of the tested compounds was also evaluated on the Vero cell line. The CC50 values for curcumin, gallium-curcumin and Cu-curcumin were 484.2 microg/mL, 255.8 microg/mL and 326.6 microg/mL, respectively, and the respective IC50 values 33.0 microg/mL, 13.9 microg/mL and 23.1 microg/mL. The calculated SI values were 14.6, 18.4 and 14.1, respectively. The results showed that curcumin and its new derivatives have remarkable antiviral effects on HSV-1 in cell culture. PMID:21299124

Zandi, Keivan; Ramedani, Elissa; Mohammadi, Khosro; Tajbakhsh, Saeed; Deilami, Iman; Rastian, Zahra; Fouladvand, Moradali; Yousefi, Forough; Farshadpour, Fatemeh

2010-12-01

6

Comparison of herpes simplex (HSV) proteins synthesized in Vero, HEP-2 and human megakaryocyte-like cell lines  

SciTech Connect

The natural human host blood cell capable of supporting herpes virus replication has yet to be defined. They found that a recently cultured human megakaryocyte-like (Meg) cell line can support HSV 1 and 2 replication as demonstrated by growth inhibition, CPE, virus production and HSV DNA synthesis. The HSV proteins synthesized and post-translationally modified in Vero and HEp-2 infected cells were compared to the protein species produced in the infected Meg cell since differences may influence antigenic properties and host range. Host cell protein synthesis was greatly reduced in all three cell lines within hours post infection (pi). However, maximum viral protein synthesis occurs between 4 and 24 hrs pi with the Meg cells as compared to 24-48 hrs pi with the other cell lines. The immunoprecipitated /sup 35/S-methionine labeled HSV protein gel patterns for each infected cell line are qualitatively and quantitatively very different from each other. Dramatic differences were also observed when infected cells were labeled with /sup 32/P-ATP (in vitro method) or /sup 32/Pi (in vivo method). Finally, analysis of /sup 3/H-mannose labeled HSV glycoproteins demonstrates that the post-translational modifications of these proteins are significantly altered in the Meg cell as compared to the Vero and HEp-2 cells.

Soslau, G.; Pastorino, M.B.; Morgan, D.A.; Brodsky, I.; Howett, M.K.

1986-05-01

7

Chemical Synthesis, Characterisation, and Biocompatibility of Nanometre Scale Porous Anodic Aluminium Oxide Membranes for Use as a Cell Culture Substrate for the Vero Cell Line: A Preliminary Study  

PubMed Central

In this preliminary study we investigate for the first time the biomedical potential of using porous anodic aluminium oxide (AAO) membranes as a cell substrate for culturing the Cercopithecus aethiops (African green monkey) Kidney (Vero) epithelial cell line. One advantage of using the inorganic AAO membrane is the presence of nanometre scale pore channels that allow the exchange of molecules and nutrients across the membrane. The size of the pore channels can be preselected by adjusting the controlling parameters of a temperature controlled two-step anodization process. The cellular interaction and response of the Vero cell line with an in-house synthesised AAO membrane, a commercially available membrane, and a glass control were assessed by investigating cell adhesion, morphology, and proliferation over a 72?h period. The number of viable cells proliferating over the respective membrane surfaces revealed that the locally produced in-house AAO membrane had cells numbers similar to the glass control. The study revealed evidence of focal adhesion sites over the surface of the nanoporous membranes and the penetration of cellular extensions into the pore structure as well. The outcome of the study has revealed that nanometre scale porous AAO membranes have the potential to become practical cell culture scaffold substrates with the capability to enhance adhesion and proliferation of Vero cells. PMID:24579077

Poinern, Gérrard Eddy Jai; Le, Xuan Thi; Becker, Thomas; Fawcett, Derek

2014-01-01

8

VERO cells (cercopithecus aethiops kidney) — growth characteristics and viral susceptibility for use in diagnostic virology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary An investigation of some of the characteristics of the VERO cell line (Cercopithecus aethiops kidney) is reported, in which the suitability of the cells for use in routine diagnostic virology was examined. VERO cells will:1.grow to monolayers as rapidly as other heteroploid cell lines, but will maintain as usable monolayers in conventional maintenance medium for a significantly longer time;2.grow

D. E. Macfarlane; R. G. Sommerville

1969-01-01

9

Isolation and propagation of Dengue virus in Vero and BHK-21 cells expressing human DC-SIGN stably.  

PubMed

The "standard" methods of isolating dengue virus (DENV) utilize the mosquito cell line C6/36, monkey kidney LLC-MK2 cells, Vero cells, or baby hamster kidney (BHK-21) cells. However, these cells lines lack a particular DENV receptor, known as dendritic cell-specific ICAM-3-grabbing non-integrin (DC-SIGN), which is expressed on immature dendritic cells and monocytes/macrophages. This may result in less efficient virus isolation and propagation. The present study used a lentivirus vector to establish Vero and BHK-21 cell lines (Vero-DC and BHK-DC) that express human DC-SIGN stably. Five DENV strains, each passaged several times in C6/36 cells, replicated more efficiently in Vero-DC and BHK-DC than in the parental Vero or BHK-21 cells. Vero/Vero-DC and BHK-21/BHK-DC were used to isolate virus from buffy coats and plasma samples derived from 13 patients infected with DENV. Most of the viruses showed increased production in cell lines expressing DC-SIGN. However, the isolation rate was lower (15.4-46.2%) than that from C6/36 cells (84.6%). Interestingly, when the viruses were isolated in C6/36 cells prior to infecting Vero/Vero-DC and BHK-21/BHK-DC, the rate of virus production increased markedly, reaching levels higher than those initially achieved in C6/36 cells. These data suggest that Vero-DC and BHK-DC could be useful tools for virus propagation, and that human specimens may contain a factor that interferes with virus growth in mammalian cells. PMID:25205264

Phanthanawiboon, Supranee; A-nuegoonpipat, Atchareeya; Panngarm, Narawan; Limkittikul, Kriengsak; Ikuta, Kazuyoshi; Anantapreecha, Surapee; Kurosu, Takeshi

2014-12-01

10

Vero/CHOK1, a novel mixture of cell lines that is optimal for the rescue of influenza A vaccine seeds.  

PubMed

Seasonal and pandemic influenza vaccine manufacturing is challenged with a tight production schedule. Reverse genetics constitutes a rapid method for creating viruses. Vero and CHOK1 cells were found to be an appropriate cell mixture for the generation of influenza reassortants by reverse genetics under the constraints of vaccine production, such as the use of regulatory-compliant cells and culture media devoid of components of animal origin. In addition, no further amplification in cell or egg substrates was required, thus reducing the time needed to obtain reassortant seed virus. In parallel, the cloning step was shown to be dramatically improved, permitting the rapid vRNA expression of influenza viruses. In addition, nucleoporation of the cells was conducted to more efficiently target the nucleus and avoid the use of chemical reagents containing proteins of animal origin. In conclusion, the reverse genetics system for influenza A viruses reported in this study was shown to be rapid, simple to perform and totally animal component-free to best comply with the requirements of health authorities for the production of a vaccine seed. PMID:24161812

Medina, Julie; Guillot, Vincent; Totain, Emmanuelle; Rouleau, Marie; Sodoyer, Régis; Moste, Catherine; Legastelois, Isabelle

2014-02-01

11

Cytotoxic effects of etephon and maleic hydrazide in Vero, Hep2, HepG2 cells.  

PubMed

The toxicity of etephon and maleic hydrazide, used as plant growth regulators in agriculture, were reported as low in mammals in previous studies. However, in vitro cytotoxicity studies in mammalian cells are currently missing to understand their toxicity at molecular level. In the current study, the cytotoxicity of these compounds, were studied in Vero (African green monkey kidney epithelium), HepG2 (human hepatocellular carcinoma), Hep2 (human epidermoid cancer) cells by MTT ((3-(4,5-dimetiltiazol-2-il)-2,5-difeniltetrazolium bromure) and LDH (lactate dehydrogenase) assays. Maleic hydrazide had lower IC50 values for all cell lines compared to ethephon. Least cytotoxic effect treated by ethephon were observed in Vero, followed by HepG2 and Hep2. Similarly maleic hydrazide also showed least cytotoxicity on Vero cells, followed by Hep2 and HepG2 cells (p?Vero cells, followed by HepG2 and Hep2 cells (p?0.868 (p?cells to be supplemented by further studies. PMID:24495230

Yurdakok, Begum; Baydan, Emine; Okur, Hamza; Gurcan, Ismayil Safa

2014-10-01

12

Adaptation and growth kinetics study of an Indian isolate of virulent duck enteritis virus in Vero cells.  

PubMed

Duck virus enteritis, also known as duck plague, is a viral infection of ducks caused by duck enteritis virus (DEV). The control of the disease is mainly done by vaccination with chicken embryo adapted live virus that is known to be poorly immunogenic and elicits only partial protection. Further, the embryo propagated vaccine virus pose a threat of harboring other infectious agents. Seeing these limitations, the present study reports for the first time regarding propagation and adaptation of a virulent Indian isolate of duck enteritis virus in Vero cell line. In this study isolation of an outbreak virus from Kerala state was done in chicken embryo fibroblast cell culture (CEF). Then adapted the DEV isolate in the Vero cell line. The characteristic cytopathic effects (CPE) of clumping and fusion of Vero cells were observed starting from the 7th passage onwards. The presence of the virus and its multiplication in Vero cells was confirmed by detection of viral specific DNA and antigen by using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and indirect immuno fluorescent assay (IIFA), respectively. PCR detection of DEV using self designed primers for US4 (gD) and UL30 (DNA Polymerase) gene has been reported for the in the present study. The kinetics of DEV in Vero cells revealed a maximum infectivity titer of 10(5.6) TCID 50/ml after 48hr of viral infection. Compared to chicken embryo adapted DVE vaccine virus, the Vero cell culture system is free from other infectious agents. So it will be a good candidate for cultivation and propagation of duck enteritis virus vaccine strain. Further research studies are suggested to explore the feasibility of utilizing this Vero cell culture adapted DEV isolate for developing an attenuated vaccine virus against duck virus enteritis. PMID:25450886

Aravind, S; Kamble, Nitin M; Gaikwad, Satish S; Shukla, Sanjeev Kumar; Dey, Sohini; Mohan, C Madhan

2015-01-01

13

Cytotoxicity of butylated hydroxyanisole in Vero cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) is perhaps the most extensively used synthetic antioxidant in the food and cosmetic industry,\\u000a although considerable controversy exists in the literature regarding the safety of this compound. Most in vitro studies describing the effects of BHA have been performed in cancer cells, but it is unclear whether normal cells are equally\\u000a susceptible to BHA exposure.\\u000a \\u000a The present

V. Labrador; P. Fernández Freire; J. M. Pérez Martín; M. J. Hazen

2007-01-01

14

Flake size-dependent cyto and genotoxic evaluation of graphene oxide on in vitro A549, CaCo2 and vero cell lines.  

PubMed

This study was carried out by varying both graphene oxide (GO) concentration (10 ?g/mL, 50 ?g/mL, 100 ?g/mL) and flakes sizes of 1320 nm and 130 nm. Characterization by scanning electron microscopy and Raman spectroscopy demonstrate that the area of GO flakes varies of one order of magnitude but their chemical structure remains unmodified. A 24-h cytotoxicity test showed, for A549, a loss in the viability, while the test exhibits overall a positive increase in the viability for CaCo2 and Vero. A 24-h comet assay shows a marked GO genotoxicity: for micrometer-sized GO flakes the genotoxicity is in positive correlation with the concentration, while for nanometer-sized GO flakes there was a high degree of genotoxicity at the lowest concentration tested. PMID:25001660

De Marzi, L; Ottaviano, L; Perrozzi, F; Nardone, M; Santucci, S; De Lapuente, J; Borras, M; Treossi, E; Palermo, V; Poma, A

2014-01-01

15

Improved poliovirus D-antigen yields by application of different Vero cell cultivation methods.  

PubMed

Vero cells were grown adherent to microcarriers (Cytodex 1; 3 g L(-1)) using animal component free media in stirred-tank type bioreactors. Different strategies for media refreshment, daily media replacement (semi-batch), continuous media replacement (perfusion) and recirculation of media, were compared with batch cultivation. Cell densities increased using a feed strategy from 1×10(6) cells mL(-1) during batch cultivation to 1.8, 2.7 and 5.0×10(6) cells mL(-1) during semi-batch, perfusion and recirculation, respectively. The effects of these different cell culture strategies on subsequent poliovirus production were investigated. Increased cell densities allowed up to 3 times higher D-antigen levels when compared with that obtained from batch-wise Vero cell culture. However, the cell specific D-antigen production was lower when cells were infected at higher cell densities. This cell density effect is in good agreement with observations for different cell lines and virus types. From the evaluated alternative culture methods, application of a semi-batch mode of operations allowed the highest cell specific D-antigen production. The increased product yields that can easily be reached using these higher cell density cultivation methods, showed the possibility for better use of bioreactor capacity for the manufacturing of polio vaccines to ultimately reduce vaccine cost per dose. Further, the use of animal-component-free cell- and virus culture media shows opportunities for modernization of human viral vaccine manufacturing. PMID:24583004

Thomassen, Yvonne E; Rubingh, Olaf; Wijffels, René H; van der Pol, Leo A; Bakker, Wilfried A M

2014-05-19

16

Extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields cause DNA strand breaks in normal Vero cells  

E-print Network

Extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields aren't considered as a real carcinogenic agent despite the fact that some studies have showed impairment of the DNA integrity in different cells lines. The aim of this study was evaluation of the late effects of a 100 Hz and 5.6 mT electromagnetic field, applied continuously or discontinuously, on the DNA integrity of Vero cells assessed by alkaline Comet assay and by cell cycle analysis. Normal Vero cells were exposed to extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields (100 Hz, 5.6 mT) for 45 minutes. The Comet assay and cell cycle analysis were performed 48 hours after the treatment. Exposed samples presented an increase of the number of cells with high damaged DNA as compared with non-exposed cells. Quantitative evaluation of the comet assay showed a significantly ($cells. Cell cycle analysis showed an increase of the frequency of the cells in S phase, proving the occurrence of single strand breaks. The most probable mechanism of induction of the registered effects is the production of different types of reactive oxygen species.

Cosmin Teodor Miha; Gabriela Vochita; Florin Brinza; Pincu Rotinberg

2013-01-23

17

Proteomic Analysis of Membrane Proteins of Vero Cells: Exploration of Potential Proteins Responsible for Virus Entry  

PubMed Central

Vero cells are highly susceptible to many viruses in humans and animals, and its membrane proteins (MPs) are responsible for virus entry. In our study, the MP proteome of the Vero cells was investigated using a shotgun LC-MS/MS approach. Six hundred twenty-seven proteins, including a total of 1839 peptides, were identified in MP samples of the Vero cells. In 627 proteins, 307 proteins (48.96%) were annotated in terms of biological process of gene ontology (GO) categories; 356 proteins (56.78%) were annotated in terms of molecular function of GO categories; 414 proteins (66.03%) were annotated in terms of cellular components of GO categories. Of 627 identified proteins, seventeen proteins had been revealed to be virus receptor proteins. The resulting protein lists and highlighted proteins may provide valuable information to increase understanding of virus infection of Vero cells. PMID:24286161

Guo, Donghua; Zhu, Qinghe; Zhang, Hong

2014-01-01

18

Development of a Vero cell DNA reference standard for residual DNA measurement in China  

PubMed Central

This collaborative study developed a Vero cell DNA reference for standardizing dot blot hybridization, an assay widely employed to measure residual DNA contents of viral vaccines prepared with Vero cells. High purity of Vero cell DNA was extracted and characterized by Hind III enzyme digestion and DNA sequencing. Then, with a cooperative calibration, the concentration of Vero cell DNA reference bulk solution was determined (64.0 ± 1.9 ?g/mL, OD260/OD280 = 1.87) and diluted (40 ng/mL) with Tris-EDTA buffer containing bovine serum albumin as freeze-dried excipients. With industrial filling apparatus, the diluted bulk was loaded into ampoules (0.5 mL each) which were heat sealed after nitrogen filling. Finally, a collaborative study showed that the Vero cell DNA reference could reach a sensitivity of 1 to 5 pg/dot and maintained good stability after accelerated destruction test. The successful establishment of the Vero cell DNA quantitative reference will facilitate the standardization of dot blot hybridization for testing residual host cell DNA. PMID:23291952

Cao, Shouchun; Dong, Guanmu; Tang, Jianrong; Li, Jia; Liu, Jinghua; Shi, Leitai; Li, Changgui; Wang, Junzhi

2013-01-01

19

Purification of diphtheria toxin receptor from Vero cells.  

PubMed

Diphtheria toxin receptor has been solubilized from Vero cell membranes with octyl beta-D-glucoside. CRM197, the product of a mutated diphtheria toxin gene, was used for the identification of the receptor. The binding activity of the solubilized receptor was assayed by precipitating the receptor with acetone in the presence of phospholipids and carrier proteins. The solubilized receptor was purified by the combination of several chromatographic steps in the presence of the detergent, resulting in about a 10(6)-fold purification of the receptor. The purified receptor showed essentially a single band of 14.5 kDa by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. When partially purified receptor fractions were subjected to ligand blotting analysis using 125I-CRM197 as the probe, the 14.5-kDa protein and a few minor protein bands were identified as diphtheria toxin-binding molecules. These results show clearly that the 14.5-kDa protein is the diphtheria toxin receptor, or at least the major diphtheria toxin-binding molecule. When partially purified receptor was applied to a Sephacryl S-300 column in the presence of detergent, the receptor was eluted in the fractions corresponding to the 60-90-kDa size range. This suggests that the protein forms a complex with itself or with another protein. PMID:1939100

Mekada, E; Senoh, H; Iwamoto, R; Okada, Y; Uchida, T

1991-10-25

20

Development of a Vero cell-derived influenza whole virus vaccine.  

PubMed

Influenza vaccine production is dependent on the availability of embryonated hen eggs for virus growth. This is an extremely cumbersome system with many disadvantages with respect to selection of virus variants and the presence of adventitious viruses. We have developed an alternative cell culture system which allows rapid production of large volumes of vaccine. The WHO-approved Vero cell line was used in serum-free culture to grow many influenza strains to high titre. This system could be scaled-up to allow vaccine production with a 1200 litre fermenter. A purification scheme was developed which resulted in a high purity whole virus vaccine. This was demonstrated to be at least as immunogenic as a conventional egg-derived preparation. PMID:10494963

Kistner, O; Barrett, P N; Mundt, W; Reiter, M; Schober-Bendixen, S; Eder, G; Dorner, F

1999-01-01

21

Development of a mammalian cell (Vero) derived candidate influenza virus vaccine.  

PubMed

Influenza vaccine production is dependent on the availability of embryonated hen eggs for virus growth. This is an extremely cumbersome system with many disadvantages with respect to selection of virus variants and presence of adventitious viruses. We have developed an alternative cell culture system which allows rapid production of large volumes of vaccine. The World Health Organisation (WHO) approved Vero cell line was used in serum-free culture to grow a multitude of influenza strains to high titre. This system could be scaled-up to allow vaccine production with a 1200 litre fermenter volume. A purification scheme was developed which resulted in a high purity whole virus vaccine. This was demonstrated to be at least as immunogenic as a conventional egg-derived preparation in a mouse model. PMID:9682344

Kistner, O; Barrett, P N; Mundt, W; Reiter, M; Schober-Bendixen, S; Dorner, F

1998-01-01

22

A Vero-cell-adapted vaccine donor strain of influenza A virus generated by serial passages.  

PubMed

A cell culture-based vaccine production system is preferred for the large-scale production of influenza vaccines and has advantages for generating vaccines against highly pathogenic influenza A viruses. Vero cells have been widely used in human vaccine manufacturing, and the safety of these cells has been well demonstrated. However, the most commonly used influenza-vaccine donor virus, A/Puerto Rico/8/1934 (PR8) virus, does not grow efficiently in Vero cells. Therefore, we adapted the PR8 virus to Vero cells by continuous passaging, and a high-growth strain was obtained after 20 passages. Sequence analysis and virological assays of the adapted strain revealed that mutations in four viral internal genes (NP, PB1, PA and NS1) were sufficient for adaptation. The recombinant virus harboring these mutations (PR8-4mut) displayed accelerated viral transport into the nucleus and increased RNP activity. Importantly, the PR8-4mut could serve as a backbone donor virus to support the growth of the H7N1, H9N2 and H5N1 avian viruses and the H1N1 and H3N2 human viruses in Vero cells without changing its pathogenicity in either chicken embryos or mice. Thus, our work describes the generation of a Vero-adapted, high-yield PR8-4mut virus that may serve as a promising candidate for an influenza-vaccine donor virus. PMID:25448099

Hu, Weibin; Zhang, Hong; Han, Qinglin; Li, Li; Chen, Yixin; Xia, Ningshao; Chen, Ze; Shu, Yuelong; Xu, Ke; Sun, Bing

2015-01-01

23

Leucine affects the fibroblastic Vero cells stimulating the cell proliferation and modulating the proteolysis process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Branched-chain amino acids, especially leucine, exert regulatory influences on protein and carbohydrate metabolism, ribosome\\u000a biogenesis and gene expression. This study investigated the effects of leucine in fibroblastic cells analysing viability,\\u000a proliferation, morphology, proteolysis enzymes activities and protein turnover. After exposure to culture medium enriched\\u000a with 25 or 50 ?M leucine for 24, 48 and 72 h, Vero cells have no alterations on

Estela Maria Gonçalves; Maria Cristina Cintra Gomes-Marcondes

2010-01-01

24

Establishment of an analyzing method for a Japanese encephalitis virus neutralization test in Vero cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

We established a 50% plaque reduction analyzing method of neutralizing antibody for human serum to Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) in Vero cells, called the ‘3 points least-squares regression method’ (3LSRM). Our method shows a high correlation with the chick embryo cell method (the current standard method for human serum), using the chart method established by the National Institute of Infectious

Motoharu Abe; Syoji Kuzuhara; Yoichiro Kino

2003-01-01

25

VERO cells harbor a poly-ADP-ribose belt partnering their epithelial adhesion belt  

PubMed Central

Poly-ADP-ribose (PAR) is a polymer of up to 400 ADP-ribose units synthesized by poly-ADP-ribose-polymerases (PARPs) and degraded by poly-ADP-ribose-glycohydrolase (PARG). Nuclear PAR modulates chromatin compaction, affecting nuclear functions (gene expression, DNA repair). Diverse defined PARP cytoplasmic allocation patterns contrast with the yet still imprecise PAR distribution and still unclear functions. Based on previous evidence from other models, we hypothesized that PAR could be present in epithelial cells where cadherin-based adherens junctions are linked with the actin cytoskeleton (constituting the adhesion belt). In the present work, we have examined through immunofluorescence and confocal microscopy, the subcellular localization of PAR in an epithelial monkey kidney cell line (VERO). PAR was distinguished colocalizing with actin and vinculin in the epithelial belt, a location that has not been previously reported. Actin filaments disruption with cytochalasin D was paralleled by PAR belt disruption. Conversely, PARP inhibitors 3-aminobenzamide, PJ34 or XAV 939, affected PAR belt synthesis, actin distribution, cell shape and adhesion. Extracellular calcium chelation displayed similar effects. Our results demonstrate the existence of PAR in a novel subcellular localization. An initial interpretation of all the available evidence points towards TNKS-1 as the most probable PAR belt architect, although TNKS-2 involvement cannot be discarded. Forthcoming research will test this hypothesis as well as explore the existence of the PAR belt in other epithelial cells and deepen into its functional implications. PMID:25332845

Vilchez Larrea, Salomé C.; Kun, Alejandra

2014-01-01

26

MDCK and Vero cells for influenza virus vaccine production: a one-to-one comparison up to lab-scale bioreactor cultivation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last decade, adherent MDCK (Madin Darby canine kidney) and Vero cells have attracted considerable attention for production\\u000a of cell culture-derived influenza vaccines. While numerous publications deal with the design and the optimization of corresponding\\u000a upstream processes, one-to-one comparisons of these cell lines under comparable cultivation conditions have largely been neglected.\\u000a Therefore, a direct comparison of influenza virus production

Yvonne Genzel; Christian Dietzsch; Erdmann Rapp; Jana Schwarzer; Udo Reichl

2010-01-01

27

Oral efficacy of Vero cell attenuated porcine epidemic diarrhea virus DR13 strain  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Vero cell attenuated porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) strain, DR13, was distinguished from wild-type PEDV using restriction enzyme fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). Cell attenuated DR13 was orally or intramuscularly (IM) administered to late-term pregnant sows, and mortality resulting from the highly virulent PEDV challenge was investigated in passively immunized suckling piglets of the two different groups. The mortality rate

D. S. Song; J. S. Oh; B. K. Kang; J. S. Yang; H. J. Moon; H. S. Yoo; Y. S. Jang; B. K. Park

2007-01-01

28

Oral efficacy of Vero cell attenuated porcine epidemic diarrhea virus DR13 strain  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Vero cell attenuated porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) strain, DR13, was distinguished from wild-type PEDV using restric- tion enzyme fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). Cell attenuated DR13 was orally or intramuscularly (IM) administered to late-term pregnant sows, and mortality resulting from the highly virulent PEDV challenge was investigated in passively immunized suckling piglets of the two different groups. The mortality

D. S. Song; J. S. Oh; B. K. Kang; J. S. Yang; H. J. Moon; H. S. Yoo; Y. S. Jang; B. K. Park

2006-01-01

29

Formation of varicella-zoster virus antigens in infected Vero cells.  

PubMed

The formation of varicella-zoster (V-Z) virus-associated antigens was studied in V-Z virus-infected Vero cells by means of indirect immunofluorescence. Early antigen (EA) was first detected inside V-Z virus-infected Vero cells 4 to 6 hr after infection, whereas surface membrane antigen (SMA) was expressed on the outer surface of infected cells 2 to 3 hr later than EA, and intranuclear late antigen (LA) was detected several hours later than SMA antigen. EA expression was not inhibited by cytosine arabinoside (Ara-C) treatment, whereas LA formation was completely blocked by Ara-C. The presence of two components of SMA early SMA (ESMA) and late SMA (LSMA), was suggested by this difference in susceptibility to Ara-C. The formation of all viral antigens, EA, SMA, and LA, was blocked by inhibitors of RNA and protein synthesis. PMID:3003545

Takayama, M; Oya, A

1985-01-01

30

Equine herpes virus type 1 (EHV-1) infection induces alterations in the cytoskeleton of vero cells but not apoptosis.  

PubMed

Effects of infection with two different strains of equine herpes virus type 1 (EHV-1; Piber 178/83, Kentucky D) on the cytoskeleton of Vero cells were investigated immunohistochemically, and evaluated by confocal laser scanning microscopy. Twenty four hours post EHV-1 infection the assembly of the microtubulus system of Vero cells was heavily disturbed. The Golgi region was dispersed into vesicles spread throughout the cytoplasm as demonstrated by WGA lectin binding. Other cytoskeletal elements such as cytokeratin, vimentin, and filamentous actin (F-actin) were not affected by EHV-1 infection. The nature of Vero cell death after EHV-1 infection was investigated by three different methods to include all possible stages of apoptosis. All methods failed to demonstrate characteristic apoptotic features, therefore, it seems likely that necrosis is the predominant way of cell death in EHV-1 infected Vero cells. PMID:10542029

Walter, I; Nowotny, N

1999-01-01

31

Uropathogenic Escherichia coli isolates with different virulence genes content exhibit similar pathologic influence on Vero cells.  

PubMed

Uropathogenic Escherichia coli are the major causative agent of urinary tract infection--they may simultaneously express a number of virulence factors to cause disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between virulence factors content of fifteen UPEC isolates and their pathogenic potential. The isolates belonged to the five serotypes O78:K80, O114:K90, O142:K86, O164 and O157. Nine of the virulence factors have been explored, ibeA, pap, sfa/foc, cnfl, hly, fyuA, pil, ompT and traT. Virulence factors profiling of the isolates revealed a different content ranging from 22% to 100% of the virulence genes explored. The pathogenic capacity of all fifteen isolates when tested on Vero cells showed that the cytotoxicity for all tested strains on Vero cells was approximately equal and enhanced after growth in syncase broth, leading mainly to cell lysis. The toxic effects reduced slightly after heat treatment of the toxin, and greatly after formalin detoxification, but not all the deleterious effect was abolished. Endotoxin also has cytotoxic effects on Vero cells, but longer time is needed for cytolysis which is greatly diminished with formalin treatment. In conclusion, our study revealed that pathogenic strains of UPEC can exert their pathogenic effect on live cells or system with limited virulence factors gene content. PMID:25033661

Obaid, Jamil M A S; Mansour, Samira R; Elshahedy, Mohammed S; Rabie, Tarik E; Azab, Adel M H

2014-01-01

32

Vero cell assay validation of an alternative to the Ph. Eur. diphtheria potency tests.  

PubMed

In the framework of the Biological Standardisation Programme of the European Pharmacopoeia Commission, in 1993 a collaborative study was organised for the validation of an alternative to the diphtheria in vivo challenge tests required by the Ph.Eur. monograph V.2.2.7. The alternative assay is based on the detection of neutralising antibodies in the sera from mice immunised with the vaccines to be tested (Vero cell assay). In the study this assay method was validated against intradermal and lethal challenge in guinea-pigs, performed in conformity with Ph.Eur. Therefore the potency currently on the European market, was assayed in parallel by the different assay methods. Seventeen laboratories, from eleven different countries, participated in the study. Three laboratories performed the intradermal challenge assay, while three other laboratories performed the lethal challenge assay. All seventeen laboratories performed the Vero cell assay. The results of the study suggest that the potency of the diphtheria component of both monovalent diphtheria vaccines and combined diphtheria-tetanus vaccines can be estimated adequately by means of the Vero cell assay. It does not yet seem possible for all combined diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccines to replace a potency assay based on the protective capacity of a vaccine in guinea-pigs by the Vero cell assay. This may be due to an adjuvant effect of the pertussis component of the vaccine, in combination with the adsorbent used, which may be more pronounced in mice than in guinea-pigs and may also differ between different strains of mice. PMID:8785952

Gommer, A M

1996-01-01

33

Equine herpes virus type 1 (EHV1) infection induces alterations in the cytoskeleton of Vero cells but not apoptosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary.  ?Effects of infection with two different strains of equine herpes virus type 1 (EHV-1; Piber 178\\/83, Kentucky D) on the cytoskeleton\\u000a of Vero cells were investigated immunohistochemically, and evaluated by confocal laser scanning microscopy. Twenty four hours\\u000a post EHV-1 infection the assembly of the microtubulus system of Vero cells was heavily disturbed. The Golgi region was dispersed\\u000a into vesicles spread

I. Walter; N. Nowotny

1999-01-01

34

[A study of the antiherpetic activity of the chaga mushroom (Inonotus obliquus) extracts in the Vero cells infected with the herpes simplex virus].  

PubMed

The chaga mushroom (Inonotus obliquus) contains a wide range of excellent bioactive compounds. However, limited information exists on the antiviral activity of the compounds extracted from chaga. A number of subfractions of chaga were obtained using different solvents and different procedures. The subfractions of chaga extracted with water, alcohol, alkali were tested for their toxicity for the Vero cell culture and antiviral effect in the Vero cells infected with the Herpes simplex virus (HSV), Type 1. It was shown that most of the subfractions were not toxic for the Vero cells and had protective effect on the Vero cells infected with HSV. The subfraction IV in the concentration 5 microg/ml protected the Vero cells from cytodestructive action of HSV and no viral DNA was detected in infected cells treated with chaga extracts. Best protective effect was observed when compound was added before or within one hour after the Vero cells were infected with HSV. PMID:25069286

Polkovnikova, M V; Nosik, N N; Garaev, T M; Kondrashina, N G; Finogenova, M P; Shibnev, V A

2014-01-01

35

Removing residual DNA from Vero-cell culture-derived human rabies vaccine by using nuclease.  

PubMed

The clearance of host cell DNA is a critical indicator for Vero-cell culture-derived rabies vaccine. In this study, we evaluated the clearance of DNA in Vero-cell culture-derived rabies vaccine by purification process utilizing ultrafiltration, nuclease digestion, and gel filtration chromatography. The results showed that the bioprocess of using nuclease decreased residual DNA. Dot-blot hybridization analysis showed that the residual host cell DNA was <100 pg/ml in the final product. The residual nuclease in rabies vaccine was less than 0.1 ng/ml protein. The residual nuclease could not paly the biologically active role of digestion of DNA. Experiments of stability showed that the freeze-drying rabies virus vaccine was stable and titers were >5.0 IU/ml. Immunogenicity test and protection experiments indicated mice were greatly induced generation of neutralizing antibodies and invoked protective effects immunized with intraperitoneal injections of the rabies vaccine. These results demonstrated that the residual DNA was removed from virus particles and nuclease was removed by gel filtration chromatography. The date indicated that technology was an efficient method to produce rabies vaccine for human use by using nuclease. PMID:25108516

Li, Si-Ming; Bai, Fu-Liang; Xu, Wen-Juan; Yang, Yong-Bi; An, Ying; Li, Tian-He; Yu, Yin-Hang; Li, De-Shan; Wang, Wen-Fei

2014-09-01

36

Hantaviruses and TNF-alpha act synergistically to induce ERK1\\/2 inactivation in Vero E6 cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: We have previously reported that the apathogenic Tula hantavirus induces apoptosis in Vero E6 epithelial cells. To assess the molecular mechanisms behind the induced apoptosis we studied the effects of hantavirus infection on cellular signaling pathways which promote cell survival. We previously also observed that the Tula virus-induced cell death process is augmented by external TNF-?. Since TNF-? is

Tomas Strandin; Jussi Hepojoki; Hao Wang; Antti Vaheri; Hilkka Lankinen

2008-01-01

37

The 3a Protein of SARS-coronavirus Induces Apoptosis in Vero E6 Cells.  

PubMed

An outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) occurred in China and the first case emerged in mid November 2002. The etiologic agent of this disease was found to be a previously unknown coronavirus, SARS-CoV. The detailed pathology of SARS-CoV infection and the host response to the viral infection are still not known. The 3a gene encodes a non-structural viral protein which is predicted to be a transmembrane protein. In this study, we showed that the 3a protein was localized to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) in 3a-transfected monkey kidney Vero E6 cells. In vitro experiments of chromatin condensation and DNA fragmentation suggest that the 3a protein may trigger apoptosis. Our data show that over-expression of a single SARS-CoV protein can induce apoptosis in vitro. Thus GFP-3a fusion protein could also be used as a biosensor for monitoring the cytopathic features of SARS infection, e.g. lymphopenia, in animal model systems, similar to nucleocapsid and 7a proteins. PMID:17282011

Y Waye, Mary; W Law, Patrick; Wong, Chi-Hang; C Au, Thomas; Chuck, Chi-Pang; Kong, Siu-Kai; S Chan, Paul; To, Ka-Fai; I Lo, Anthony; W Chan, Judy; Suen, Yick-Keung; Edwin Chan, H Y; Fung, Kwok-Pui; Y Sung, Joseph; Lo, Y M; W Tsui, Stephen

2005-01-01

38

Cell lines.  

PubMed

We review the properties and uses of cell lines in Drosophila research, emphasizing the variety of lines, the large body of genomic and transcriptional data available for many of the lines, and the variety of ways the lines have been used to provide tools for and insights into the developmental, molecular, and cell biology of Drosophila and mammals. PMID:24434506

Cherbas, Lucy; Gong, Lei

2014-06-15

39

Serum-free microcarrier based production of replication deficient Influenza vaccine candidate virus lacking NS1 using Vero cells  

PubMed Central

Background Influenza virus is a major health concern that has huge impacts on the human society, and vaccination remains as one of the most effective ways to mitigate this disease. Comparing the two types of commercially available Influenza vaccine, the live attenuated virus vaccine is more cross-reactive and easier to administer than the traditional inactivated vaccines. One promising live attenuated Influenza vaccine that has completed Phase I clinical trial is deltaFLU, a deletion mutant lacking the viral Nonstructural Protein 1 (NS1) gene. As a consequence of this gene deletion, this mutant virus can only propagate effectively in cells with a deficient interferon-mediated antiviral response. To demonstrate the manufacturability of this vaccine candidate, a batch bioreactor production process using adherent Vero cells on microcarriers in commercially available animal-component free, serum-free media is described. Results Five commercially available animal-component free, serum-free media (SFM) were evaluated for growth of Vero cells in agitated Cytodex 1 spinner flask microcarrier cultures. EX-CELL Vero SFM achieved the highest cell concentration of 2.6 × 10^6 cells/ml, whereas other SFM achieved about 1.2 × 10^6 cells/ml. Time points for infection between the late exponential and stationary phases of cell growth had no significant effect in the final virus titres. A virus yield of 7.6 Log10 TCID50/ml was achieved using trypsin concentration of 10 ?g/ml and MOI of 0.001. The Influenza vaccine production process was scaled up to a 3 liter controlled stirred tank bioreactor to achieve a cell density of 2.7 × 10^6 cells/ml and virus titre of 8.3 Log10 TCID50/ml. Finally, the bioreactor system was tested for the production of the corresponding wild type H1N1 Influenza virus, which is conventionally used in the production of inactivated vaccine. High virus titres of up to 10 Log10 TCID50/ml were achieved. Conclusions We describe for the first time the production of Influenza viruses using Vero cells in commercially available animal-component free, serum-free medium. This work can be used as a basis for efficient production of attenuated as well as wild type Influenza virus for research and vaccine production. PMID:21835017

2011-01-01

40

Accumulation of defective interfering viral particles in only a few passages in Vero cells attenuates mumps virus neurovirulence.  

PubMed

Immunization programs have implemented live attenuated mumps vaccines which reduced mumps incidence ?97%. Some of the vaccine strains were abandoned due to unwanted side effects and the genetic marker of attenuation has not been identified so far. Our hypothesis was that non-infectious viral particles, in particular defective interfering particles (DIPs), contribute to neuroattenuation. We showed that non-infectious particles of the mumps vaccine L-Zagreb attenuated neurovirulence of wild type mumps virus 9218/Zg98. Then, we attenuated recent wild type mumps virus MuVi/Zagreb.HRV/28.12 in Vero cells through 16 passages but already the fifth passage (p5) showed accumulation of DIPs and attenuated neurovirulence in a newborn rat model when compared to the second passage (p2). Sequence analysis of the p2 and p5 revealed a single mutation in the 5' untranslated region of the HN gene. Analysis of the expression level of the HN protein showed that this mutation does not affect the expression of the protein. We conclude that the passages of MuVi/Zagreb.HRV/28.12 in Vero cells for only three passages accumulated DIPs which attenuate neurovirulence. These findings reveal DIPs as a very promising and general neuroattenuating factor which should be considered in the rational design of the new mumps vaccine. PMID:25479555

Šantak, Maja; Markuši?, Maja; Balija, Maja Lang; Kopa?, Sandra Ke?; Jug, Renata; Örvell, Claes; Tomac, Jelena; For?i?, Dubravko

2015-03-01

41

Changes in antiviral susceptibility to entry inhibitors and endocytic uptake of dengue-2 virus serially passaged in Vero or C6/36 cells.  

PubMed

The aim of the present study was to analyze the influence of virus origin, mammalian or mosquito cell-derived, on antiviral susceptibility of DENV-2 to entry inhibitors and the association of this effect with any alteration in the mode of entry into the cell. To this end, ten serial passages of DENV-2 were performed in mosquito C6/36 cells or monkey Vero cells and the antiviral susceptibility of each virus passage to sulfated polysaccharides (SPs), like heparin and carrageenans, was evaluated by a virus plaque reduction assay. After serial passaging in Vero cells, DENV-2 became increasingly resistant to SP inhibition whereas the antiviral susceptibility was not altered in virus propagated in C6/36 cells. The change in antiviral susceptibility was associated to a differential mode of entry into the host cell. The route of endocytic entry for productive Vero cell infection was altered from a non-classical clathrin independent pathway for C6/36-grown virus to a clathrin-mediated endocytosis when the virus was serially propagated in Vero cells. Our results show the impact of the cellular system used for successive propagation of DENV on the initial interaction between the host cell and the virion in the next round of infection and the relevant consequences it might have during the in vitro evaluation of entry inhibitors. PMID:24583230

Acosta, Eliana G; Piccini, Luana E; Talarico, Laura B; Castilla, Viviana; Damonte, Elsa B

2014-05-12

42

Growth and poliovirus production of Vero cells on a novel microcarrier with artificial cell adhesive protein under serum-free conditions.  

PubMed

A microcarrier is used for the three-dimensional (3D) culture of adhesion-dependent mammalian cells. We developed a novel microcarrier by binding ProNectin F, an artificial cell adhesive protein synthesized by genetically engineered Escherichia coli to a polyacrylic superabsorbent polymer. The microcarrier is characterized by containing no animal-derived components. The serum-free culture of Vero cells for vaccine production using the microcarrier increased the number of Vero cells by approximately 30% compared with the existing dextran beads coated with porcine Type I collagen, which resulted in approximately a 30% to 40% increase in the infectivity titer of the Sabin 2 strain of poliovirus. These results suggested that the developed microcarrier should be unprecedented in permitting high-yield vaccine production by means of a serum-free culture. PMID:21262586

Kurokawa, Masato; Sato, Shigehiro

2011-05-01

43

A herpes simplex virus 2 glycoprotein D mutant generated by bacterial artificial chromosome mutagenesis is severely impaired for infecting neuronal cells and infects only Vero cells expressing exogenous HVEM.  

PubMed

We constructed a herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2) bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) clone, bHSV2-BAC38, which contains full-length HSV-2 inserted into a BAC vector. Unlike previously reported HSV-2 BAC clones, the virus genome inserted into this BAC clone has no known gene disruptions. Virus derived from the BAC clone had a wild-type phenotype for growth in vitro and for acute infection, latency, and reactivation in mice. HVEM, expressed on epithelial cells and lymphocytes, and nectin-1, expressed on neurons and epithelial cells, are the two principal receptors used by HSV to enter cells. We used the HSV-2 BAC clone to construct an HSV-2 glycoprotein D mutant (HSV2-gD27) with point mutations in amino acids 215, 222, and 223, which are critical for the interaction of gD with nectin-1. HSV2-gD27 infected cells expressing HVEM, including a human epithelial cell line. However, the virus lost the ability to infect cells expressing only nectin-1, including neuronal cell lines, and did not infect ganglia in mice. Surprisingly, we found that HSV2-gD27 could not infect Vero cells unless we transduced the cells with a retrovirus expressing HVEM. High-level expression of HVEM in Vero cells also resulted in increased syncytia and enhanced cell-to-cell spread in cells infected with wild-type HSV-2. The inability of the HSV2-gD27 mutant to infect neuronal cells in vitro or sensory ganglia in mice after intramuscular inoculation suggests that this HSV-2 mutant might be an attractive candidate for a live attenuated HSV-2 vaccine. PMID:22993162

Wang, Kening; Kappel, Justin D; Canders, Caleb; Davila, Wilmer F; Sayre, Dean; Chavez, Mayra; Pesnicak, Lesley; Cohen, Jeffrey I

2012-12-01

44

Non-Linear Relationships between Aflatoxin B1 Levels and the Biological Response of Monkey Kidney Vero Cells  

PubMed Central

Aflatoxin-producing fungi contaminate food and feed during pre-harvest, storage and processing periods. Once consumed, aflatoxins (AFs) accumulate in tissues, causing illnesses in animals and humans. Most human exposure to AF seems to be a result of consumption of contaminated plant and animal products. The policy of blending and dilution of grain containing higher levels of aflatoxins with uncontaminated grains for use in animal feed implicitly assumes that the deleterious effects of low levels of the toxins are linearly correlated to concentration. This assumption may not be justified, since it involves extrapolation of these nontoxic levels in feed, which are not of further concern. To develop a better understanding of the significance of low dose effects, in the present study, we developed quantitative methods for the detection of biologically active aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) in Vero cells by two independent assays: the green fluorescent protein (GFP) assay, as a measure of protein synthesis by the cells, and the microculture tetrazolium (MTT) assay, as a measure of cell viability. The results demonstrate a non-linear dose-response relationship at the cellular level. AFB1 at low concentrations has an opposite biological effect to higher doses that inhibit protein synthesis. Additional studies showed that heat does not affect the stability of AFB1 in milk and that the Vero cell model can be used to determine the presence of bioactive AFB1 in spiked beef, lamb and turkey meat. The implication of the results for the cumulative effects of low amounts of AFB1 in numerous foods is discussed. PMID:23949006

Rasooly, Reuven; Hernlem, Bradley; He, Xiaohua; Friedman, Mendel

2013-01-01

45

Differentiation of a Vero cell adapted porcine epidemic diarrhea virus from Korean field strains by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis of ORF 3  

Microsoft Academic Search

A porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) designated DR13 was isolated in Vero cells and serially passaged by level 100. The virus was titrated at regular intervals of the passage level. Open reading frame (ORF) 3 sequences of the virus at passage levels 20, 40, 60, 80, and 100 were aligned and compared using a computer software program. Suitability of the

D. S Song; J. S Yang; J. S Oh; J. H Han; B. K Park

2003-01-01

46

High-yield production of a stable Vero cell-based vaccine candidate against the highly pathogenic avian influenza virus H5N1  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Vero cell-based HPAI H5N1 vaccine with stable high yield. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Stable high yield derived from the YNVa H3N2 backbone. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer H5N1/YNVa has a similar safety and immunogenicity to H5N1delta. -- Abstract: Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) viruses pose a global pandemic threat, for which rapid large-scale vaccine production technology is critical for prevention and control. Because chickens are highly susceptible to HPAI viruses, the supply of chicken embryos for vaccine production might be depleted during a virus outbreak. Therefore, developing HPAI virus vaccines using other technologies is critical. Meeting vaccine demand using the Vero cell-based fermentation process has been hindered by low stability and yield. In this study, a Vero cell-based HPAI H5N1 vaccine candidate (H5N1/YNVa) with stable high yield was achieved by reassortment of the Vero-adapted (Va) high growth A/Yunnan/1/2005(H3N2) (YNVa) virus with the A/Anhui/1/2005(H5N1) attenuated influenza vaccine strain (H5N1delta) using the 6/2 method. The reassorted H5N1/YNVa vaccine maintained a high hemagglutination (HA) titer of 1024. Furthermore, H5N1/YNVa displayed low pathogenicity and uniform immunogenicity compared to that of the parent virus.

Zhou, Fangye; Zhou, Jian; Ma, Lei; Song, Shaohui; Zhang, Xinwen; Li, Weidong; Jiang, Shude [No. 5, Department of Bioproducts, Institute of Medical Biology, Chinese Academy of Medical Science and Pecking Union Medical College, Jiaoling Avenue 935, Kunming, Yunnan Province 650102, People's Republic of China (China)] [No. 5, Department of Bioproducts, Institute of Medical Biology, Chinese Academy of Medical Science and Pecking Union Medical College, Jiaoling Avenue 935, Kunming, Yunnan Province 650102, People's Republic of China (China); Wang, Yue, E-mail: euy-tokyo@umin.ac.jp [National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, China Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Yingxin Lane 100, Xicheng District, Beijing 100052, People's Republic of China (China)] [National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, China Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Yingxin Lane 100, Xicheng District, Beijing 100052, People's Republic of China (China); Liao, Guoyang, E-mail: liaogy@21cn.com [No. 5, Department of Bioproducts, Institute of Medical Biology, Chinese Academy of Medical Science and Pecking Union Medical College, Jiaoling Avenue 935, Kunming, Yunnan Province 650102, People's Republic of China (China)] [No. 5, Department of Bioproducts, Institute of Medical Biology, Chinese Academy of Medical Science and Pecking Union Medical College, Jiaoling Avenue 935, Kunming, Yunnan Province 650102, People's Republic of China (China)

2012-05-18

47

Transport of an external Lys-Asp-Glu-Leu (KDEL) protein from the plasma membrane to the endoplasmic reticulum: studies with cholera toxin in Vero cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

The A2 chain of cholera toxin (CTX) contains a COOH-terminal Lys-Asp-Glu-Leu (KDEL) se- quence. We have, therefore, analyzed by immunofluo- rescence and by subcellular fractionation in Vero cells whether CTX can be used to demonstrate a retrograde transport of KDEL proteins from the Golgi to the ER. Immunofluorescen ce studies reveal that after a pulse treatment with CTX, the CTX-A

Irina V. Majoul; Philippe I. H. Bastiaens; Hans-Dieter SSling

1996-01-01

48

Analysis of protein expression changes of the Vero E6 cells infected with classic PEDV strain CV777 by using quantitative proteomic technique.  

PubMed

Recent outbreaks of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) have caused widespread concern. The identification of proteins associated with PEDV infection might provide insight into PEDV pathogenesis and facilitate the development of novel antiviral strategies. We analyzed the differential protein profile of PEDV-infected Vero E6 cells using mass spectrometry and an isobaric tag for relative and absolute quantification. A total of 126 proteins were identified that were differentially expressed between the PEDV-infected and mock-infected groups (P<0.05, quantitative ratio ?1.2), among which the expression of 58 proteins was up-regulated and that of 68 proteins was down-regulated in the PEDV-infected Vero E6 cells, involving in integrin ?2/?3, cystatin-C. The Gene Ontology analysis indicated that the molecular function of the differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) was primarily related to binding and catalytic activity, and that the biological functions in which the DEPs are involved included metabolism, organismal systems, cellular processes, genetic information processing, environmental information processing, and diseases. Among the disease-related functions, certain anti-viral pathways and proteins, such as the RIG-I-like receptor, Rap1, autophagy, mitogen-activated protein kinase, PI3K-Akt and Jak-STAT signaling pathways, and integrin ?2/?3 and cystatin-C proteins, represented potential factors in PEDV infection. Our findings provide valuable insight into PEDV-Vero E6 cell interactions. PMID:25783682

Sun, Dongbo; Shi, Hongyan; Guo, Donghua; Chen, Jianfei; Shi, Da; Zhu, Qinghe; Zhang, Xin; Feng, Li

2015-06-15

49

Reduction of spiked porcine circovirus during the manufacture of a Vero cell-derived vaccine.  

PubMed

Porcine circovirus-1 (PCV1) was recently identified as a contaminant in live Rotavirus vaccines, which was likely caused by contaminated porcine trypsin. The event triggered the development of new regulatory guidance on the use of porcine trypsin which shall ensure that cell lines and porcine trypsin in use are free from PCV1. In addition, manufacturing processes of biologicals other than live vaccines include virus clearance steps that may prevent and mitigate any potential virus contamination of product. In this work, artificial spiking of down-scaled models for the manufacturing process of an inactivated pandemic influenza virus vaccine were used to investigate inactivation of PCV1 and the physico-chemically related porcine parvovirus (PPV) by formalin and ultraviolet-C (UV-C) treatment as well as removal by the purification step sucrose gradient ultracentrifugation. A PCV1 infectivity assay, using a real-time PCR infectivity readout was established. The formalin treatment (0.05% for 48h) showed substantial inactivation for both PCV1 and PPV with reduction factors of 3.0log10 and 6.8log10, respectively, whereas UV-C treatment resulted in complete PPV (?5.9log10) inactivation already at a dose of 13mJ/cm but merely 1.7log10 at 24mJ/cm(2) for PCV1. The UV-C inactivation results with PPV were confirmed using minute virus of mice (MVM), indicating that parvoviruses are far more sensitive to UV-C than PCV1. The sucrose density gradient ultracentrifugation also contributed to PCV1 clearance with a reduction factor of 2log10. The low pH treatment during the production of procine trypsin was investigated and showed effective inactivation for both PCV1 (4.5log10) and PPV (6.4log10). In conclusion, PCV1 in general appears to be more resistant to virus inactivation than PPV. Still, the inactivated pandemic influenza vaccine manufacturing process provides for robust virus reduction, in addition to the already implemented testing for PCV1 to avoid any contaminations. PMID:24560672

Lackner, Cornelia; Leydold, Sandra M; Modrof, Jens; Farcet, Maria R; Grillberger, Leopold; Schäfer, Birgit; Anderle, Heinz; Kreil, Thomas R

2014-04-11

50

Bicarbonate/chloride antiport in Vero cells: II. Mechanisms for bicarbonate-dependent regulation of intracellular pH  

SciTech Connect

The rates of bicarbonate-dependent uptake and efflux of /sup 22/Na/sup +/ in Vero cells were studied and compared with the uptake and efflux of /sup 36/Cl/sup -/. Both processes were strongly inhibited by DIDS. Whereas the transport of chloride increased approximately ten-fold when the internal pH was increased over a narrow range around neutrality, the uptake of Na/sup +/ was much less affected by changes in pH. The bicarbonate-linked uptake of /sup 22/Na/sup +/ was dependent on internal Cl- but not on internal Na/sup +/. At a constant external concentration of HCO/sub 3/-, the amount of /sup 22/Na/sup +/ associated with the cells increased when the internal concentration of HCO/sub 3/- decreased and vice versa, which is compatible with the possibility that the ion pair NaCO/sub 3/- is the transported species and that the transport is symmetric across the membrane. Bicarbonate inhibited the uptake of /sup 36/Cl/sup -/ both in the absence and presence of Na/sup +/. At alkaline internal pH, HCO/sub 3/- stimulated the efflux of /sup 36/Cl/sup -/ from preloaded cells, while at acidic internal pH both Na/sup +/ and HCO/sub 3/- were required to induce /sup 36/Cl/sup -/ efflux. We propose a model for how bicarbonate-dependent regulation of the internal pH may occur. This model implies the existence of two bicarbonate transport mechanisms that, under physiological conditions, transport OH(-)-equivalents in opposite directions across the plasma membrane.

Olsnes, S.; Ludt, J.; Tonnessen, T.I.; Sandvig, K.

1987-08-01

51

Apoptosis induced by duck reovirus p10.8 protein in primary duck embryonated fibroblast and Vero E6 cells.  

PubMed

Muscovy duck reovirus (MDRV) is an important poultry pathogen that causes high morbidity and mortality in ducklings. The mechanisms by which viruses kill susceptible cells, and ultimately produce diseases, in Muscovy duck remain poorly understood. In this study, we focused on the biologic functions of the MDRV p10.8 protein in vitro. The p10.8 protein is a small protein of MDRV that is encoded by the first open reading frame of the S4 segment. In our study, the p10.8-encoding gene was individually cloned and expressed in bacterial and eukaryotic cells. The p10.8 protein had no potential transmembrane domain; it shared no sequence similarity to other known fusion-associated small transmembrane proteins encoded by the avian reovirus, Nelson Bay virus or baboon reovirus; and it did not show any syncytium formation activity. The p10.8 protein induced apoptosis when expressed by itself in transfected primary Muscovy duck embryonic fibroblasts or in Vero E6 cells. Four assays were used to analyze the apoptosis induced by p10.8: DNA ladder formation; terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling; enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay detection of cytoplasmic histone-associated DNA fragments; and nuclear staining with propidium iodide. Two deletion products, p10.8delta1 (1-63aa; amino acid position) and p10.8delta2 (64-96aa), were constructed. Deletion analysis suggests that p10.8delta1 (1-63aa) is important in mediating p10.8-induced apoptosis because its deletion abolishes induction of apoptosis. PMID:19848085

Geng, Hongwei; Zhang, Yun; Liu-Partanen, Yin; Vanhanseng; Guo, Dongchun; Wang, Yu; Liu, Ming; Tong, Guangzhi

2009-09-01

52

Transcriptional profiling of Vero E6 cells over-expressing SARS-CoV S2 subunit: Insights on viral regulation of apoptosis and proliferation  

SciTech Connect

We have previously demonstrated that over-expression of spike protein (S) of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) or its C-terminal subunit (S2) is sufficient to induce apoptosis in vitro. To further investigate the possible roles of S2 in SARS-CoV-induced apoptosis and pathogenesis of SARS, we characterized the host expression profiles induced upon S2 over-expression in Vero E6 cells by oligonucleotide microarray analysis. Possible activation of mitochondrial apoptotic pathway in S2 expressing cells was suggested, as evidenced by the up-regulation of cytochrome c and down-regulation of the Bcl-2 family anti-apoptotic members. Inhibition of Bcl-2-related anti-apoptotic pathway was further supported by the diminution of S2-induced apoptosis in Vero E6 cells over-expressing Bcl-xL. In addition, modulation of CCN E2 and CDKN 1A implied the possible control of cell cycle arrest at G1/S phase. This study is expected to extend our understanding on the pathogenesis of SARS at a molecular level.

Yeung, Y.-S. [Department of Zoology, Kadoorie Biological Science Building, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong (China)], E-mail: ysyeung@graduate.hku.hk; Yip, C.-W. [Department of Zoology, Kadoorie Biological Science Building, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong (China)], E-mail: h0024004@hkusua.hku.hk; Hon, C.-C. [Department of Zoology, Kadoorie Biological Science Building, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong (China)], E-mail: h9826299@hkusua.hku.hk; Chow, Ken Y.C. [Department of Zoology, Kadoorie Biological Science Building, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong (China)], E-mail: chow@pasteur.fr; Ma, Iris C.M. [Department of Zoology, Kadoorie Biological Science Building, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong (China)], E-mail: h0105962@hkusua.hku.hk; Zeng Fanya [Department of Zoology, Kadoorie Biological Science Building, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong (China)], E-mail: fzeng@hkucc.hku.hk; Leung, Frederick C.C. [Department of Zoology, Kadoorie Biological Science Building, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong (China)], E-mail: fcleung@hkucc.hku.hk

2008-02-05

53

Purified Vero cell rabies vaccine and human diploid cell strain vaccine: comparison of neutralizing antibody responses to post-exposure regimens  

PubMed Central

Neutralizing antibody responses to conventional rabies post-exposure regimens of human diploid cell strain vaccine (HDCSV) and the new purified Vero cell rabies vaccine (PVRV) were compared in 58 healthy Thai veterinary students. The geometric mean titres (GMTs) of the group given HDCSV were slightly higher than those given PVRV, but on day 28 the peak GMTs of the two groups were statistically similar. The early antibody response to PVRV was unaffected by the addition of passive immunization, whereas the level of HDCSV response was reduced on day 14, so that there was no difference on that day between the GMTs of the two vaccine groups given HRIG. However, by day 91 the GMT of those given PVRV and HRIG was lower than in those given HDCSV alone or with HRIG. The appearance of antibody was less rapid than was observed in previous studies using multiple-site intradermal vaccination. Side effects were trivial. Our results confirm the promise of this new, potentially more economical tissue culture vaccine, but they suggest that the regimen could be improved. PMID:3734433

Suntharasamai, Pravan; Chanthavanich, Pornthep; Warrell, M. J.; Looareesuwan, Sornchai; Karbwang, Juntra; Supanaranond, Wichai; Phillips, R. E.; Jansawan, Weerapol; Xueref, C.; Pouradier-Duteil, X.; Warrell, D. A.

1986-01-01

54

Preparation and characterization of an anti-inflammatory agent based on a zinc-layered hydroxide-salicylate nanohybrid and its effect on viability of Vero-3 cells  

PubMed Central

A new organic-inorganic nanohybrid based on zinc-layered hydroxide intercalated with an anti-inflammatory agent was synthesized through direct reaction of salicylic acid at various concentrations with commercially available zinc oxide. The basal spacing of the pure phase nanohybrid was 15.73 Å, with the salicylate anions arranged in a monolayer form and an angle of 57 degrees between the zinc-layered hydroxide interlayers. Fourier transform infrared study further confirmed intercalation of salicylate into the interlayers of zinc-layered hydroxide. The loading of salicylate in the nanohybrid was estimated to be around 29.66%, and the nanohybrid exhibited the properties of a mesoporous-type material, with greatly enhanced thermal stability of the salicylate compared with its free counterpart. In vitro cytotoxicity assay revealed that free salicylic acid, pure zinc oxide, and the nanohybrid have a mild effect on viability of African green monkey kidney (Vero-3) cells. PMID:23345976

Ramli, Munirah; Hussein, Mohd Zobir; Yusoff, Khatijah

2013-01-01

55

An animal component free medium that promotes the growth of various animal cell lines for the production of viral vaccines.  

PubMed

IPT-AFM is a proprietary animal component free medium that was developed for rabies virus (strain LP 2061) production in Vero cells. In the present work, we demonstrated the versatility of this medium and its ability to sustain the growth of other cell lines and different virus strains. Here, three models were presented: Vero cells/rabies virus (strain LP 2061), MRC-5 cells/measles virus (strain AIK-C) and BHK-21 cells/rabies virus (strain PV-BHK21). The cell lines were first adapted to grow in IPT-AFM, by progressive reduction of the amount of serum in the culture medium. After their adaptation, BHK-21 cells grew in suspension by forming clumps, whereas MRC-5 cells remained adherent. Then, kinetics of cell growth were studied in agitated cultures for both cell lines. In addition, kinetics of virus replication were investigated. PMID:24583007

Rourou, Samia; Ben Ayed, Yousr; Trabelsi, Khaled; Majoul, Samy; Kallel, Héla

2014-05-19

56

Protective effect of methanol extract from citrus press cakes prepared by far-infrared radiation drying on H2O2-mediated oxidative damage in Vero cells  

PubMed Central

In the present study, a suitable drying method was developed for citrus press cakes (CPCs), which are produced as a by-product in citrus juice plants, and the protective effect of methanol extract of CPCs prepared by far-infrared radiation (FIR) drying against H2O2-induced DNA damage was evaluated versus that of freeze-dried CPCs. Methanol extract of FIR-dried CPCs exhibited comparatively good ROS scavenging activity versus the freeze-dried CPCs at the concentration of 100 µg/mL. The extract strongly enhanced the cell viability against H2O2-induced oxidative damage in Vero cells. Lipid peroxidation inhibitory activity of the extract from FIR-dried CPCs was comparable to that of the extract from freeze-dried CPCs. This sample also exhibited good protective effects against H2O2-mediated cell apoptosis as demonstrated by decreased apoptotic body formation in the nuclear staining with Hoechst 33342. In the comet assay, the CPC extracts exhibited strong inhibitory effects against H2O2-mediated DNA damage in a dose-dependent manner. Thus, this study demonstrated that FIR drying effectively preserves CPC as a functionally important natural antioxidant source and the FIR drying can be adapted for drying CPCs and is more economical for massive production than freeze drying. PMID:22125675

Wijesinghe, W.A.J.P.; Senevirathne, Mahinda; Oh, Myung-Cheol

2011-01-01

57

Selection of Escherichia coli heat-labile toxin (LT) inhibitors using both the GM1-ELISA and the cAMP vero cell assay.  

PubMed

Weaned piglets are very susceptible to diarrhea caused by enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli. In the past, various natural components were proposed to have beneficial effects by reducing the effects of diarrheal infectious diseases in humans and animals, and thus may represent an alternative for the use of (prophylactic) antibiotics. Alternatives may inactivate enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli heat-labile toxin (LT) by interfering with toxin binding to the cellular receptor GM1. In this study, various plants and other natural substances were tested for inhibitory properties, in the GM1 binding assay, and in the LT-induced cAMP production in Vero cells. The toxic dose of each compound was determined in a cell viability assay, and the highest nontoxic concentrations were used in the GM1 and cAMP assays. Results demonstrated that only d-(+)-galactose, lactose, N-acetyl-d-galactosamine, and two tea extracts were able to inhibit the binding of LT to its GM1 receptor. In the cAMP assay, only the two tea extracts showed inhibitory activity. This shows that d-(+)-galactose, lactose, and N-acetyl-d-galactosamine can indeed inhibit LT binding to GM1 based on structural homology with GM1 in the absence of living cells. However, in the cAMP assay, d-(+)-galactose, and lactose, N-acetyl-d-galactosamine are apparently metabolized to below their effective inhibitory concentration, likely predicting limited practical applicability in vivo. Both tea extracts maintained their activity in the presence of cells. The active compounds in both are probably polyphenols, which are not easily metabolized, and most likely work by aggregating the toxin. In conclusion, the combination of methods used here is a convenient and fast method for preselecting natural substances containing potentially toxin-binding compounds. Furthermore, if antidiarrhea activity is attributed to compounds found inactive here, their activity is unlikely based on interference with toxin binding. PMID:23692076

Verhelst, Roderick; Schroyen, Martine; Buys, Nadine; Niewold, Theo

2013-07-01

58

Akabane Virus Utilizes Alternative Endocytic Pathways to Entry into Mammalian Cell Lines  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT The entry mechanisms of Akabane virus (AKAV), Bunyaviridae family, have not yet been determined. In this study, chemical inhibitors were used to analyze endocytic mechanisms during AKAV infection of mammalian cell lines. The analyses using drug treatments followed by quantitative measurement of viral RNA and N protein revealed that AKAV enters non-bovine-derived cell lines (Vero, HmLu-1 and BHK cells) in a manner indicative of clathrin endocytosis. By contrast, AKAV infection in bovine-derived cell lines (LB9.K and MDBK cells) is independent of this pathway. Further analyses indicated that AKAV entry into bovine cell lines involves a non-clathrin, non-caveolae endocytic pathway that is dependent on dynamin. We conclude that although both cell types require a low pH for AKAV penetration, AKAV utilizes alternative entry pathways into mammalian cell lines. PMID:25056673

BANGPHOOMI, Norasuthi; TAKENAKA-UEMA, Akiko; SUGI, Tatsuki; KATO, Kentaro; AKASHI, Hiroomi; HORIMOTO, Taisuke

2014-01-01

59

Akabane virus utilizes alternative endocytic pathways to entry into mammalian cell lines.  

PubMed

The entry mechanisms of Akabane virus (AKAV), Bunyaviridae family, have not yet been determined. In this study, chemical inhibitors were used to analyze endocytic mechanisms during AKAV infection of mammalian cell lines. The analyses using drug treatments followed by quantitative measurement of viral RNA and N protein revealed that AKAV enters non-bovine-derived cell lines (Vero, HmLu-1 and BHK cells) in a manner indicative of clathrin endocytosis. By contrast, AKAV infection in bovine-derived cell lines (LB9.K and MDBK cells) is independent of this pathway. Further analyses indicated that AKAV entry into bovine cell lines involves a non-clathrin, non-caveolae endocytic pathway that is dependent on dynamin. We conclude that although both cell types require a low pH for AKAV penetration, AKAV utilizes alternative entry pathways into mammalian cell lines. PMID:25056673

Bangphoomi, Norasuthi; Takenaka-Uema, Akiko; Sugi, Tatsuki; Kato, Kentaro; Akashi, Hiroomi; Horimoto, Taisuke

2014-11-01

60

Complete Genome Sequence of a Vero Cell-Adapted Isolate of Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus in Eastern China  

PubMed Central

In early 2012, a widespread porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) occurred in eastern China. A cell-adapted isolate, SD-M, was at the four-passage level of virulent field strain SD, which was isolated from a 2-day-old dead suckling piglet that had suffered from severe diarrhea in Shandong Province, China. We report here the complete genome sequence of SD-M. This sequence will promote a better understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of PEDV. PMID:23166259

Zhao, Mengjiao; Sun, Zhen; Zhang, Yue; Wang, Guisheng; Wang, Hui; Yang, Fangfang

2012-01-01

61

Comparative study on the cytotoxicity of different Myrtaceae essential oils on cultured vero and RC-37 cells.  

PubMed

Medicinally and commercially important essential oils from the family Myrtaceae, i.e. cajuput, clove, kanuka and manuka were phytochemically analysed by GC-MS. Cytotoxicity of these essential oils was evaluated in a standard neutral red assay. Maximum noncytotoxic concentrations for cajuput oil and clove oil were determined at 0.006%, kanuka oil and manuka oil were more cytotoxic with a maximum noncytotoxic concentration of 0.001%. The compounds alpha-pinene, eugenol and leptospermone demonstrated maximum noncytotoxic concentrations at dilutions of 0.001%, 0.003% and 0.001%, respectively. However, the terpene 1,8-cineole was about 100 times less toxic to cultured cells with a maximum noncytotoxic concentration of 0.1% and a TC50 value of 0.44%. Manuka essential oil exhibited high levels of virucidal activity against HSV-1 as well against drug-resistant HSV-1 isolates in viral suspension tests. Determination of cytotoxicity of natural products is an important prerequisite for application in cosmetic and health care products and in antiviral tests. PMID:19069246

Schnitzler, P; Wiesenhofer, K; Reichling, J

2008-11-01

62

CLO: The cell line ontology  

PubMed Central

Background Cell lines have been widely used in biomedical research. The community-based Cell Line Ontology (CLO) is a member of the OBO Foundry library that covers the domain of cell lines. Since its publication two years ago, significant updates have been made, including new groups joining the CLO consortium, new cell line cells, upper level alignment with the Cell Ontology (CL) and the Ontology for Biomedical Investigation, and logical extensions. Construction and content Collaboration among the CLO, CL, and OBI has established consensus definitions of cell line-specific terms such as ‘cell line’, ‘cell line cell’, ‘cell line culturing’, and ‘mortal’ vs. ‘immortal cell line cell’. A cell line is a genetically stable cultured cell population that contains individual cell line cells. The hierarchical structure of the CLO is built based on the hierarchy of the in vivo cell types defined in CL and tissue types (from which cell line cells are derived) defined in the UBERON cross-species anatomy ontology. The new hierarchical structure makes it easier to browse, query, and perform automated classification. We have recently added classes representing more than 2,000 cell line cells from the RIKEN BRC Cell Bank to CLO. Overall, the CLO now contains ~38,000 classes of specific cell line cells derived from over 200 in vivo cell types from various organisms. Utility and discussion The CLO has been applied to different biomedical research studies. Example case studies include annotation and analysis of EBI ArrayExpress data, bioassays, and host-vaccine/pathogen interaction. CLO’s utility goes beyond a catalogue of cell line types. The alignment of the CLO with related ontologies combined with the use of ontological reasoners will support sophisticated inferencing to advance translational informatics development. PMID:25852852

2014-01-01

63

In vitro anticancer activity of fucoidan from Turbinaria conoides against A549 cell lines.  

PubMed

The present study was conducted to evaluate the anticancer activity of fucoidan isolated from brown seaweed Turbinaria conoides. Extracted fucoidan contained 53 ± 0.69% of fucose and 38 ± 0.42% of sulphate, respectively. Functional groups and structural characteristics of the fucoidan were analyzed by FT-IR and NMR. In vitro anticancer effect was studied on A549 cell line. Fucoidan inhibited the growth of cancer cells in a dose-dependent manner and potent anticancer activities were 24.9-73.5% in the concentrations of 31.25-500 ?g/ml. The CTC50 value against the cancer cell was found to be 45 ?g/ml and the CTC50 value of normal Vero cell line is 325 ?g/ml. This study suggests that the fucoidan from T. conoides could be significantly improved if the active component is further purified and tested for further investigation in various cancer cell lines. PMID:25451746

Marudhupandi, Thangapandi; Ajith Kumar, Thipramalai Thankappan; Lakshmanasenthil, Shanmugaasokan; Suja, Gunasekaran; Vinothkumar, Thirumalairaj

2015-01-01

64

Quantitative Proteomics Using Stable Isotope Labeling with Amino Acids in Cell Culture Reveals Changes in the Cytoplasmic, Nuclear, and Nucleolar Proteomes in Vero Cells Infected with the Coronavirus Infectious Bronchitis Virus*  

PubMed Central

Virus-host interactions involve complex interplay between viral and host factors, rendering them an ideal target for proteomic analysis. Here we detail a high throughput quantitative proteomics analysis of Vero cells infected with the coronavirus infectious bronchitis virus (IBV), a positive strand RNA virus that replicates in the cytoplasm. Stable isotope labeling with amino acids in cell culture (SILAC) was used in conjunction with LC-MS/MS to identify and quantify 1830 cellular and two viral proteins from IBV-infected cells. Fractionation of cells into cytoplasmic, nuclear, and nucleolar extracts was used to reduce sample complexity and provide information on the trafficking of proteins between the different compartments. Each fraction showed a proportion of proteins exhibiting ?2-fold changes in abundance. Ingenuity Pathway Analysis revealed that proteins that changed in response to infection could be grouped into different functional categories. These included proteins regulated by NF-?B- and AP-1-dependent pathways and proteins involved in the cytoskeleton and molecular motors. A luciferase-based reporter gene assay was used to validate the up-regulation of AP-1- and NF-?B-dependent transcription in IBV-infected cells and confirmed using immunofluorescence. Immunofluorescence was used to validate changes in the subcellular localization of vimentin and myosin VI in IBV-infected cells. The proteomics analysis also confirmed the presence of the viral nucleocapsid protein as localizing in the cytoplasm, nucleus, and nucleolus and the viral membrane protein in the cytoplasmic fraction. This research is the first application of SILAC to study total host cell proteome changes in response to positive sense RNA virus infection and illustrates the versatility of this technique as applied to infectious disease research. PMID:20467043

Emmott, Edward; Rodgers, Mark A.; Macdonald, Andrew; McCrory, Sarah; Ajuh, Paul; Hiscox, Julian A.

2010-01-01

65

Characterization of cell lines stably transfected with rubella virus replicons  

SciTech Connect

Rubella virus (RUBV) replicons expressing a drug resistance gene and a gene of interest were used to select cell lines uniformly harboring the replicon. Replicons expressing GFP and a virus capsid protein GFP fusion (C-GFP) were compared. Vero or BHK cells transfected with either replicon survived drug selection and grew into a monolayer. However, survival was {approx}9-fold greater following transfection with the C-GFP-replicon than with the GFP-expressing replicon and while the C-GFP-replicon cells grew similarly to non-transfected cells, the GFP-replicon cells grew slower. Neither was due to the ability of the CP to enhance RNA synthesis but survival during drug selection was correlated with the ability of CP to inhibit apoptosis. Additionally, C-GFP-replicon cells were not cured of the replicon in the absence of drug selection. Interferon-alpha suppressed replicon RNA and protein synthesis, but did not cure the cells, explaining in part the ability of RUBV to establish persistent infections.

Tzeng, Wen-Pin; Xu, Jie [Department of Biology, Georgia State University, P.O. Box 4010, Atlanta GA 30302-4010 (United States)] [Department of Biology, Georgia State University, P.O. Box 4010, Atlanta GA 30302-4010 (United States); Frey, Teryl K., E-mail: tfrey@gsu.edu [Department of Biology, Georgia State University, P.O. Box 4010, Atlanta GA 30302-4010 (United States)

2012-07-20

66

Pediatric brain tumor cell lines.  

PubMed

Pediatric brain tumors as a group, including medulloblastomas, gliomas, and atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumors (ATRT) are the most common solid tumors in children and the leading cause of death from childhood cancer. Brain tumor-derived cell lines are critical for studying the biology of pediatric brain tumors and can be useful for initial screening of new therapies. Use of appropriate brain tumor cell lines for experiments is important, as results may differ depending on tumor properties, and can thus affect the conclusions and applicability of the model. Despite reports in the literature of over 60 pediatric brain tumor cell lines, the majority of published papers utilize only a small number of these cell lines. Here we list the approximately 60 currently-published pediatric brain tumor cell lines and summarize some of their central features as a resource for scientists seeking pediatric brain tumor cell lines for their research. PMID:25211508

Xu, Jingying; Margol, Ashley; Asgharzadeh, Shahab; Erdreich-Epstein, Anat

2015-02-01

67

Role of Proteus mirabilis MR/P fimbriae and flagella in adhesion, cytotoxicity and genotoxicity induction in T24 and Vero cells.  

PubMed

Proteus mirabilis is frequently associated with complicated urinary tract infections (UTI). It is proposed that several virulence factors are associated with P. mirabilis uropathogenicity. The aim of this work was to elucidate genotoxic and cytotoxic effects mediated by MR/P fimbriae and flagella in eukaryotic cells in vitro. Two cell lines (kidney- and bladder-derived) were infected with a clinical wild-type P. mirabilis strain and an MR/P and a flagellar mutant. We evaluated adhesion, genotoxicity and cytotoxicity by microscopy, comet assay and triple staining technique, respectively. Mutant strains displayed lower adhesion rates than the P. mirabilis wild-type strain and were significantly less effective to induce genotoxic and cytotoxic effects compared to the wild type. We report for the first time that P. mirabilis MR/P fimbriae and flagella mediate genotoxic and cytotoxic effects on eukaryotic cells, at least in in vitro conditions. These results could contribute to design new strategies for the control of UTI. PMID:25724892

Scavone, Paola; Villar, Silvia; Umpiérrez, Ana; Zunino, Pablo

2015-06-01

68

[Development of a novel influenza vaccine derived from a continuous cell line].  

PubMed

Influenza viruses for production are presently produced in embryonated hen"s eggs. This conventional standard methodology is extremely cumbersome; it requires millions of eggs and an extensive purification to reduce the amount of contaminating egg proteins and to minimise the risk of allergies against egg albumin. The shortage of eggs in a pandemic situation, the selection of egg-adapted variants and the presence of adventitious viruses has emphasised the necessity for production of Influenza vaccines on a well characterised stable cell line. Our established serum and protein free Vero cell technology has been successfully adapted to large scale production of a huge variety of Influenza virus strains. The production in 1200 liter fermenter cultures under serum free conditions gave antigen yields comparable to the conventional embryonated egg technology. The development of a rapid and efficient purification scheme resulted in a safe high purity vaccine which was at least as immunogenic as conventional egg-derived vaccines in a mouse model. Clinical trials in the UK, Poland and Austria demonstrated that the Vero cell derived influenza vaccine is well tolerated, safe and highly immunogenic in humans. PMID:11248852

Kistner, O; Barrett, N; Mundt, W; Reiter, M; Schober-Bendixen, S; Eder, G; Dorner, F

2001-01-01

69

Performance characteristics of qualified cell lines for isolation and propagation of influenza viruses for vaccine manufacturing.  

PubMed

Cell culture is now available as a method for the production of influenza vaccines in addition to eggs. In accordance with currently accepted practice, viruses recommended as candidates for vaccine manufacture are isolated and propagated exclusively in hens' eggs prior to distribution to manufacturers. Candidate vaccine viruses isolated in cell culture are not available to support vaccine manufacturing in mammalian cell bioreactors so egg-derived viruses have to be used. Recently influenza A (H3N2) viruses have been difficult to isolate directly in eggs. As mitigation against this difficulty, and the possibility of no suitable egg-isolated candidate viruses being available, it is proposed to consider using mammalian cell lines for primary isolation of influenza viruses as candidates for vaccine production in egg and cell platforms. To investigate this possibility, we tested the antigenic stability of viruses isolated and propagated in cell lines qualified for influenza vaccine manufacture and subsequently investigated antigen yields of such viruses in these cell lines at pilot-scale. Twenty influenza A and B-positive, original clinical specimens were inoculated in three MDCK cell lines. The antigenicity of recovered viruses was tested by hemagglutination inhibition using ferret sera against contemporary vaccine viruses and the amino acid sequences of the hemagglutinin and neuraminidase were determined. MDCK cell lines proved to be highly sensitive for virus isolation. Compared to the virus sequenced from the original specimen, viruses passaged three times in the MDCK lines showed up to 2 amino acid changes in the hemagglutinin. Antigenic stability was also established by hemagglutination inhibition titers comparable to those of the corresponding reference virus. Viruses isolated in any of the three MDCK lines grew reasonably well but variably in three MDCK cells and in VERO cells at pilot-scale. These results indicate that influenza viruses isolated in vaccine certified cell lines may well qualify for use in vaccine production. PMID:24975811

Donis, Ruben O; Davis, C Todd; Foust, Angie; Hossain, M Jaber; Johnson, Adam; Klimov, Alexander; Loughlin, Rosette; Xu, Xiyan; Tsai, Theodore; Blayer, Simone; Trusheim, Heidi; Colegate, Tony; Fox, John; Taylor, Beverly; Hussain, Althaf; Barr, Ian; Baas, Chantal; Louwerens, Jaap; Geuns, Ed; Lee, Min-Shi; Venhuizen, Odewijk; Neumeier, Elisabeth; Ziegler, Thedi

2014-11-12

70

Usutu virus growth in human cell lines: induction of and sensitivity to type I and III interferons.  

PubMed

The mechanisms of Usutu virus (USUV) pathogenesis are largely unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the sensitivity of USUV to interferon (IFN) and the capacity of USUV to stimulate IFN production. Initial experiments were conducted to characterize the susceptibility of human cell lines to USUV infection and to evaluate the single-growth cycle replication curve of USUV. Results indicate that USUV is able to infect a variety of human cell lines, completing the replication cycle in Hep-2 and Vero cells within 48 h. Pre-treatment of cells with types I and III IFNs significantly inhibited the replication of USUV. However, the inhibitory effects of IFNs were considerably less if IFN was added after viral infection had been initiated. Also, USUV weakly induced types I and III IFNs. PMID:23255619

Scagnolari, Carolina; Caputo, Beniamino; Trombetti, Simona; Cacciotti, Giulia; Soldà, Annalisa; Spano, Lucia; Villari, Paolo; della Torre, Alessandra; Nowotny, Norbert; Antonelli, Guido

2013-04-01

71

Automation of cell line development  

Microsoft Academic Search

An automated platform for development of high producing cell lines for biopharmaceutical production has been established in\\u000a order to increase throughput and reduce development costs. The concept is based on the Cello robotic system (The Automation\\u000a Partnership) and covers screening for colonies and expansion of static cultures. In this study, the glutamine synthetase expression\\u000a system (Lonza Biologics) for production of

Kristina Lindgren; Andréa Salmén; Mats Lundgren; Lovisa Bylund; Åsa Ebler; Eric Fäldt; Lina Sörvik; Christel Fenge; Ulrica Skoging-Nyberg

2009-01-01

72

Molluscan cells in culture: primary cell cultures and cell lines  

PubMed Central

In vitro cell culture systems from molluscs have significantly contributed to our basic understanding of complex physiological processes occurring within or between tissue-specific cells, yielding information unattainable using intact animal models. In vitro cultures of neuronal cells from gastropods show how simplified cell models can inform our understanding of complex networks in intact organisms. Primary cell cultures from marine and freshwater bivalve and gastropod species are used as biomonitors for environmental contaminants, as models for gene transfer technologies, and for studies of innate immunity and neoplastic disease. Despite efforts to isolate proliferative cell lines from molluscs, the snail Biomphalaria glabrata Say, 1818 embryonic (Bge) cell line is the only existing cell line originating from any molluscan species. Taking an organ systems approach, this review summarizes efforts to establish molluscan cell cultures and describes the varied applications of primary cell cultures in research. Because of the unique status of the Bge cell line, an account is presented of the establishment of this cell line, and of how these cells have contributed to our understanding of snail host-parasite interactions. Finally, we detail the difficulties commonly encountered in efforts to establish cell lines from molluscs and discuss how these difficulties might be overcome. PMID:24198436

Yoshino, T. P.; Bickham, U.; Bayne, C. J.

2013-01-01

73

Natural killer cell lines in tumor immunotherapy.  

PubMed

Natural killer (NK) cells are considered to be critical players in anticancer immunity. However, cancers are able to develop mechanisms to escape NK cell attack or to induce defective NK cells. Current NK cell-based cancer immunotherapy is aimed at overcoming NK cell paralysis through several potential approaches, including activating autologous NK cells, expanding allogeneic NK cells, usage of stable allogeneic NK cell lines and genetically modifying fresh NK cells or NK cell lines. The stable allogeneic NK cell line approach is more practical for quality-control and large-scale production. Additionally, genetically modifying NK cell lines by increasing their expression of cytokines and engineering chimeric tumor antigen receptors could improve their specificity and cytotoxicity. In this review, NK cells in tumor immunotherapy are discussed, and a list of therapeutic NK cell lines currently undergoing preclinical and clinical trials of several kinds of tumors are reviewed. PMID:22460449

Cheng, Min; Zhang, Jian; Jiang, Wen; Chen, Yongyan; Tian, Zhigang

2012-03-01

74

Differential cytotoxic effects of gold nanoparticles in different mammalian cell lines.  

PubMed

Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) possess unique properties that have been exploited in several medical applications. However, a more comprehensive understanding of the environmental safety of AuNPs is imperative for use of these nanomaterials. Here, we describe the impacts of AuNPs in various mammalian cell models using an automatic and dye-free method for continuous monitoring of cell growth based on the measurement of cell impedance. Several well-established cytotoxicity assays were also used for comparison. AuNPs induced a concentration-dependent decrease in cell growth. This inhibitory effect was associated with apoptosis induction in Vero cells but not in MRC-5 or NIH3T3 cells. Interestingly, cDNA microarray analyses in MRC-5 cells supported the involvement of DNA damage and repair responses, cell-cycle regulation, and oxidative stress in AuNP-induced cytotoxicity and genotoxicity. Moreover, autophagy appeared to play a role in AuNPs-induced attenuation of cell growth in NIH3T3 cells. In this study, we present a comprehensive overview of AuNP-induced cytotoxicity in a variety of mammalian cell lines, comparing several cytotoxicity assays. Collectively, these assays offer convincing evidence of the cytotoxicity of AuNPs and support the value of a systematic approach for analyzing the toxicology of nanoparticles. PMID:24316248

Chueh, Pin Ju; Liang, Ruei-Yue; Lee, Yi-Hui; Zeng, Zih-Ming; Chuang, Show-Mei

2014-01-15

75

Biology of Mutant KRAS Cell Lines  

Cancer.gov

Posted: September 22, 2014 Posted: September 22, 2014 Biology of Mutant KRAS Cell Lines Target Biology Group Many dozens of cell lines derived from human cancers contain mutant RAS genes, and these cell lines are a good proxy  to study cancer processes.

76

Viral susceptibility of newly established cell lines from the Hawaiian monk seal Monachus schauinslandi.  

PubMed

Ten of 11 cell lines, recently established from the snout (MS-SN), periorbital soft tissue (MS-EY), liver (MS-LV), kidney (MS-KD), lung (MS-LG), spleen (MS-SP), heart (MS-HT), thyroid (MS-TY), brain (MS-BR) and urinary bladder (MS-UB) of a juvenile Hawaiian monk seal Monachus schauinslandi, were evaluated in vitro for their susceptibility to 5 mammalian viruses: herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV), reovirus type 3 (Reo-3), poliovirus type 1 (Polio-1) and vaccinia virus (Vac); 5 fish viruses: channel catfish herpesvirus (CCV), infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHNV), infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV), fish rhabdovirus carpio (RC) and viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV); and 2 marine mammal morbilliviruses: phocine distemper virus (PDV) and dolphin distemper virus (DMV). Four well-established continuous cell-lines of nonhuman primate (Vero) and fish (EPC, CHSE-214 and BB) origin served as controls to standardize the virus infectivity assays. Virus yields were quantified as 50% tissue culture infectious dose (TCID50) ml(-1) on Day 7 post-inoculation. Results of the viral challenge assays revealed that the monk seal cell lines shared a similar pattern of susceptibility to the mammalian viruses. Despite their different tissue origins, all monk seal cells were sensitive to HSV-1, Vac, VSV and Reo-3, but were refractory to Polio-1. A characteristic viral-induced cytopathic effect was noted with VSV and Reo-3, and distinct plaques were observed for HSV-1 and Vac. Monk seal cell lines were also susceptible to PDV and DMV, 2 morbilliviruses isolated from seals and dolphins, respectively. By contrast, these cell lines were generally resistant to VHSV, IHNV and IPNV, with varying susceptibility to RC and CCV. The wide range of viral susceptibility of these monk seal cell lines suggests their potential value in studying viruses of monk seals and other marine mammals. PMID:14960030

Lu, Yuanan; Aguirre, A Alonso; Wang, Yun; Zeng, Lingbing; Loh, Philip C; Yanagihara, Richard

2003-12-29

77

Development and characterization of insect cell lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the wide availability of insect cell culture media, it can generally be considered a routine process to develop new cell lines. Exceptions to this statement do exist, of course. Difficulties may arise when attempting to culture a specific cell type. For example, while there are a few cell lines from insect fat body and at least one from the

Dwight E. Lynn

1996-01-01

78

Cell line: 2004-2014.  

PubMed

2014 marks Cell's 40th anniversary, and over the year we have looked back at how discoveries of the last four decades have molded our understanding of biology. The final decade of the Cell Line features a selection of the exceptional scientific work-both landmark papers and essential reviews. Select entries can be read as an "Annotated Classic," which includes the original paper and accompanying reflections of a leading scientist, considering the work from our current vantage point. Our last installment includes a harbinger of the interplay between microbiota and mammalian hosts in 2004, revolutionary papers in 2006 and 2007 unlocking cellular reprogramming, the discovery of beige adipocytes in 2012, and the first example of CRISPR-based genome editing in a nonhuman primate in 2014. In addition to landmark publications, there were innovative developments at the journal in this decade, with the complete redesign of the print journal and the creation of Leading Edge in late 2005 and the restructuring of the online display of the article in 2010. Keeping pace with the changing nature of biological research, over the decade Cell added new article types, introduced guidelines for the organization of supplementary material, and expanded the journal's web-based content to bring editors' and authors' excitement and perspective on individual papers to the readership. An interactive version of the timeline, with links to the papers, full author lists, and Annotated Classics, is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2014.11.004. PMID:25416957

2014-11-20

79

Molecular characterization of novel melanoma cell lines.  

PubMed

We isolated two novel cell lines from different types of sporadic human malignant melanoma: the hmel1 line was obtained from a melanoma skin metastasis and the hmel9 cell line from a primary superficial spreading melanoma. The karyotype and pigmentation parameters were assessed in these cell lines. Cytogenetic analysis in early stages of culture revealed that both cell lines had chromosome instability and simultaneous growth of heteroploid subpopulations. The molecular analysis of some genes involved in melanoma showed that both cell lines harbor BRAF mutations. The unpigmented hmel1 and the pigmented hmel9 lines were found to express the tyrosinase gene. The tyrosine hydroxylase activity was detectable only in hmel9 cells and practically absent in the hmel1 cell line. This activity was found to be correlated with the relative tyrosinase protein amount in both melanoma cell lines. The biological behaviour in the two melanoma cell lines, derived from two different types of melanoma lesions displaying distinct clinical and histopathological features, confirms the heterogeneous characteristics of sporadic melanoma. Similarities and/or differences between cell lines extracted from different melanoma cases could be useful in the future for diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic purposes. PMID:21880213

Zanna, P; Maida, I; Turpin Sevilla, M C; Susca, F C; Filotico, R; Arciuli, M; Cassano, N; Vena, G A; Cicero, R; Guida, G

2011-01-01

80

Anticancer Activity of Certain Herbs and Spices on the Cervical Epithelial Carcinoma (HeLa) Cell Line.  

PubMed

Acetone extracts of selected plant species were evaluated for their in vitro cytotoxicity against a noncancerous African green monkey kidney (Vero) cell line and an adenocarcinoma cervical cancer (HeLa) cell line. The plants studied were Origanum vulgare L. (Oregano), Rosmarinus officinalis L. (Upright and ground cove rosemary), Lavandula spica L. (Lavender), Laurus nobilis L. (Bay leaf), Thymus vulgaris L. (Thyme), Lavandula x intermedia L. (Margaret Roberts Lavender), Petroselinum crispum Mill. (Curly leaved parsley), Foeniculum vulgare Mill. (Fennel), and Capsicum annuum L. (Paprika). Antioxidant activity was determined using a quantitative DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl) assay. The rosemary species exhibited effective radical scavenging capacity with 50% inhibitory concentration (IC(50)) of 3.48 ± 0.218??g/mL and 10.84 ± 0.125??g/mL and vitamin C equivalents of 0.351?g and 1.09?g for McConnell's Blue and Tuscan Blue, respectively. Cytotoxicity was measured using XTT (Sodium 3'-[1-(phenyl amino-carbonyl)-3,4-tetrazolium]-bis-[4-methoxy-6-nitro] benzene sulfonic acid hydrate) colorimetric assay. Only L. nobilis and O. vulgare exhibited pronounced effects on the HeLa cell line. Dose-dependent studies revealed IC(50) of 34.46 ± 0.48??g/mL and 126.3 ± 1.00??g/mL on the HeLa cells and on the Vero cells 124.1??g/mL ± 18.26 and 163.8??g/mL ± 2.95 for L. nobilis and O. vulgare, respectively. Light (eosin and haematoxylin staining) and confocal microscopy (Hoechst 33342, acridine orange, and propidium iodide staining) were used to evaluate the cytotoxic mechanism of action for L. nobilis and O. vulgare. PMID:22649474

Berrington, Danielle; Lall, Namrita

2012-01-01

81

Synthesis, characterization and in-vitro antiproliferative effects of novel 5-amino pyrazole derivatives against breast cancer cell lines.  

PubMed

In search of synthetic chemotherapeutic substances capable of inhibiting, retarding, or reversing the process of multistage carcinogenesis, we synthesised a series of novel 1-(4-methoxybenzyl)-3-cyclopropyl-1H-pyrazol-5-amine derivatives 9(a-h) by a nucleophilic substitution reaction and characterized by (1)H and (13)C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC/MS), Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR), and elemental analysis. These novel compounds were evaluated for their efficacy in inhibiting VERO normal and MCF-7 breast cancer cells proliferation by trypan blue exclusion assay, MTT assay, [(3)H] thymidine incorporation assay and DNA fragmentation analysis. Among the series, some compounds exhibited interesting growth inhibitory effects against cell lines. From the Structure-Activity Relationship studies, it has been revealed that, both novel patented compounds and therapeutic protocols of N-terminal pyrazole ring structures play key role in the antiproliferative activity. PMID:21247401

Raju, Hanumegowda; Chandrappa, Siddappa; Prasanna, Doddakunche S; Ananda, Hanumappa; Nagamani, Tandaga S; Byregowda, Sonnahallipura M; Rangappa, Kanchugarakoppal S

2011-05-01

82

[Karyotypic variability of human myeloma cell lines].  

PubMed

Cytogenetic analysis of human myeloma cell lines L363, Karpas 707, RPMI 8226 and U-266 has been performed. Chromosome numbers retained near-diploid (L363, Karpas 707 and U-266) or increased to hypotriploid (RPMI 8226) during many years of maintenance of the cell lines in vitro. Based on G-banding analysis, the complex karyotypes with abnormalities of virtually all chromosome pairs were found in these cell lines but common chromosome translocations were not observed. In addition, chromosome loci involved in structural rearrangements in these cell lines often overlapped with loci of DNA copy number imbalances revealed in myeloma cells in vivo. Besides, distinct types of karyotypic structure of cell populations were found in all of these cell lines which differed by combination of cells with main and additional structural variants of karyotype and cells with non-clonal chromosome aberrations. Taken together, it seems obvious that karyotypic variability of human myeloma cell lines corresponds to karyotypic progression of myeloma in vivo and, hence, has tumor specific pattern. PMID:23074853

Turilova, V K; Smirnova, T D

2012-01-01

83

Cytostasis of tumor cell lines by promyelocytic leukemia cell line HL60 differentiated to granulocyte lineage  

Microsoft Academic Search

The human promyelocytic leukemia cell line HL60, when cultured in medium containing dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) or granulocyte colonystimulating factor (G-CSF), stopped dividing and differentiated into cells with granulocyte characteristics. We found that differentiated HL60 cells have no detectable cytolytic activity against cultured human bladder cell line (T24 cell), as measured by release of (3H) thymidine, or against K562 cells, as

T. Hara; T. Umeda; T. Niijima; T. Okabe

1985-01-01

84

Establishment of the AU-bek cell line and comparison with two other bovine cell lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  Establishment of a new bovine cell line, AU-BEK, is reported. The cell line developed in a culture initiated from bovine embryonic\\u000a kidneys by spontaneous cultural alteration to epithelioid cells that are indefinitely propagable. Epithelioid cells gradually\\u000a increased to become the predominant cell. Whereas normal bovine cells have a diploid number of 60 chromosomes, of which only\\u000a the two sex chromosomes

Charles R. Rossi; George K. Kiesel

1973-01-01

85

Assessment of immunogenic potential of Vero adapted formalin inactivated vaccine derived from novel ECSA genotype of Chikungunya virus  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent resurgence of Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) in India and Indian Ocean Islands with unusual clinical severity is a matter of great public health concern. Despite the fact that CHIKV resurgence is associated with epidemic of unprecedented magnitude, no approved licensed vaccine is currently available. In the present study, a Vero cell adapted purified formalin inactivated prototype vaccine candidate was

Mugdha Tiwari; Manmohan Parida; S. R. Santhosh; Mohsin Khan; Paban Kumar Dash; P. V. Lakshmana Rao

2009-01-01

86

Review article Immortal porcine lymphoblastoid cell lines  

E-print Network

Review article Immortal porcine lymphoblastoid cell lines: interest for veterinary and medical porcine breeds. The lymphoblast immortalization has been putatively attributed to an oncogenic virus lymphoblastoïdes porcines immortelles : intérêt pour la recherche vétérinaire et médicale. Les lignées

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

87

Formation and accumulation of protoporphyrin IX in tumor and nontumor cell lines induced by 5-aminolevulinic acid  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The endogenous photosensitizer 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) is a haem precursor and induces the synthesis of protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) in mitochondria-containing cells. Due to the slow conversion of porphyrins to haem, high levels of PPIX are found in the tissues, sufficient to produce a photodynamic effect following exposure to light. Since PpIX accumulates effectively in tumor cells, the use of ALA leads to a better photoselectivity than Photofrin. However, this selectivity has not been sufficiently studied. As far as we know there is just one study comparing the amount of accumulated PpIX in non-tumor and tumor cell lines. In this work we attempt to compare not just the production but also the accumulation and cytotoxicity of PpIX in non-tumor (VERO) versus tumor (Hep-2) cells induced by the use of ALA. The results have shown that both non-tumor and tumor cell lines produce the same amount of PpIX but just the tumor cells can accumulate PpIX. So, under illumination, only the tumor cells will be killed.

Fernandez, Sandra R.; Milanetto, Marilia; Bagnato, Vanderlei S.; Imasato, Hidetake; Perussi, Janice R.

2005-04-01

88

Cell-host, LINE and environment  

PubMed Central

Long interspersed nuclear elements -1 (LINEs, L1s) are retroelements occupying almost 17% of the human genome. L1 retrotransposition can cause deleterious effects on the host-cell and it is generally inhibited by suppressive mechanisms, but it can occur in some specific cells during early development as well as in some tumor cells and in the presence of several environmental factors. In a recent publication we reported that extremely low frequency pulsed magnetic field can affect L1 retrotransposition in neuroblastoma cells. In this commentary we discuss the interaction between environment and L1 activity in the light of the new emerging paradigm of host-LINE relationship. PMID:23734298

Del Re, Brunella; Giorgi, Gianfranco

2013-01-01

89

Near neighbour analysis of variant cell lines derived from the promyeloid cell line HL60  

Microsoft Academic Search

The human promyeloid cell line H60 can be induced to differentiate towards either neutrophils or monocytes. Variant cell lines, derived from HL60, which show reduced capacities for neutrophil and monocyte differentiation can be arranged in a developmental sequence which suggests that the potentials for neutrophil and monocyte differentiation are expressed sequentially by HL60 cells in this order. Analysis of the

CM Bunce; JM Lord; AK-Y Wong; G Brown

1988-01-01

90

77 FR 5489 - Identification of Human Cell Lines Project  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...120104006-2006-01] Identification of Human Cell Lines Project AGENCY: National Institute...repeat (STR) profiling up to 1500 human cell line samples as part of the Identification of Human Cell Lines Project. All data and...

2012-02-03

91

Ion channel phenotype of melanoma cell lines.  

PubMed

Melanoma cells are transformed melanocytes of neural crest origin. K+ channel blockers have been reported to inhibit melanoma cell proliferation. We used whole-cell recording to characterize ion channels in four different human melanoma cell lines (C8161, C832C, C8146, and SK28). Protocols were used to identify voltage-gated (KV), Ca2+-activated (KCa), and inwardly rectifying (KIR) K+ channels; swelling-sensitive Cl- channels (Clswell); voltage-gated Ca2+ channels (CaV) and Ca2+ channels activated by depletion of intracellular Ca2+ stores (CRAC); and voltage-gated Na+ channels (NaV). The presence of Ca2+ channels activated by intracellular store depletion was further tested using thapsigargin to elicit a rise in [Ca2+]i. The expression of K+ channels varied widely between different cell lines and was also influenced by culture conditions. KIR channels were found in all cell lines, but with varying abundance. Whole-cell conductance levels for KIR differed between C8161 (100 pS/pF) and SK28 (360 pS/pF). KCa channels in C8161 cells were blocked by 10 nm apamin, but were unaffected by charybdotoxin (CTX). KCa channels in C8146 and SK28 cells were sensitive to CTX (Kd = 4 nm), but were unaffected by apamin. KV channels, found only in C8146 cells, activated at approximately -20 mV and showed use dependence. All melanoma lines tested expressed CRAC channels and a novel Clswell channel. Clswell current developed at 30 pS/sec when the cells were bathed in 80% Ringer solution, and was strongly outwardly rectifying (4:1 in symmetrical Cl-). We conclude that different melanoma cell lines express a diversity of ion channel types. PMID:9002422

Allen, D H; Lepple-Wienhues, A; Cahalan, M D

1997-01-01

92

Comparison of the antiproliferative activity of crude ethanol extracts of nine salvia species grown in Jordan against breast cancer cell line models  

PubMed Central

Background: The antiproliferative activity of Salvia species grown in Jordan has not been fully evaluated yet. The aim of this work was to study the antiproliferative activity of crude ethanol extracts from nine Salvia species grown in Jordan against a panel of breast cancer cell lines. Material and Methods: Cytotoxic activity was evaluated in human tumor models of breast cancer; MCF-7, T47D, ZR-75-1, and BT 474 by the sulforhodamine B assay. In addition, the extracts were evaluated using a non-transformed cell line (Vero) and normal fibroblast cells in order to demonstrate their selectivity and safety. Results: From the nice ethanol extracts under investigation, those of S. dominica and S. fruticosa showed an inhibitory concentration of 50% of cells (IC50) in concentrations less than 30?g/mL against the four cell lines under investigation. S. syriaca and S. hormium showed an IC50 below 30?g/ml for two out of the four cell lines. S. fruticosa, S. hormium and S. syriaca showed selectivity in their antiproliferative activity against estrogen receptor positive cell lines with minimal toxicity against normal human periodontal fibroblasts. Phytochemical screening using thin layer chromatography indicated the presence of terpenoids, flavonoids and coumarins in all examined extracts. Conclusion: Three of the plant extracts under investigation exhibited antiproliferative activity against breast cancer cells and were shown to be safe and selective. These could be considered as a potential source for novel anticancer therapy. PMID:24082637

Abu-Dahab, Rana; Afifi, Fatma; Kasabri, Violet; Majdalawi, Lara; Naffa, Randa

2012-01-01

93

Cell Line Data Base: structure and recent improvements towards molecular authentication of human cell lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Cell Line Data Base (CLDB) is a well-known reference information source on human and animal cell lines including information on more than 6000 cell lines. Main biological features are coded according to controlled vocabularies derived from international lists and taxonomies. HyperCLDB (http:\\/\\/bioinformatics.istge.it\\/hypercldb\\/) is a hyper- text version of CLDB that improves data accessibil- ity by also allowing information retrieval

Paolo Romano; Maria Assunta Manniello; Ottavia Aresu; Massimiliano Armento; Michela Cesaro; Barbara Parodi

2009-01-01

94

A proteomics approach to identifying fish cell lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fish cell lines are relatively easy to culture and most have simple growth requirements that make cross contamination a potential problem. Cell line contamination is not an uncommon incident in laboratories handling more than one cell line and many reports have been made on cross contamination of mammalian cell lines. Although problems of misidentification and cross-con- tamination of fish cell

2005-01-01

95

Cancer stem cell-like cells from a single cell of oral squamous carcinoma cell lines  

SciTech Connect

Research highlights: {yields} Four oral squamous cancer cell lines (OSCCL) were analyzed for cancer stem cells (CSCs). {yields} Single cell derived colonies of OSCCL express CSC-marker CD133 differentially. {yields} Monoclonal cell lines showed reduced sensitivity for Paclitaxel. {yields} In situ CD133{sup +} cells are slow cycling (Ki67-) indicating a reduced drug sensitivity. {yields} CD133{sup +} and CSC-like cells can be obtained from single colony forming cells of OSCCL. -- Abstract: Resistance of oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC) to conventional chemotherapy or radiation therapy might be due to cancer stem cells (CSCs). The development of novel anticancer drugs requires a simple method for the enrichment of CSCs. CSCs can be enriched from OSCC cell lines, for example, after cultivation in serum-free cell culture medium (SFM). In our study, we analyzed four OSCC cell lines for the presence of CSCs. CSC-like cells could not be enriched with SFM. However, cell lines obtained from holoclone colonies showed CSC-like properties such as a reduced rate of cell proliferation and a reduced sensitivity to Paclitaxel in comparison to cells from the parental lineage. Moreover, these cell lines differentially expressed the CSC-marker CD133, which is also upregulated in OSCC tissues. Interestingly, CD133{sup +} cells in OSCC tissues expressed little to no Ki67, the cell proliferation marker that also indicates reduced drug sensitivity. Our study shows a method for the isolation of CSC-like cell lines from OSCC cell lines. These CSC-like cell lines could be new targets for the development of anticancer drugs under in vitro conditions.

Felthaus, O. [Department of Operative Dentistry and Periodontology, University of Regensburg (Germany) [Department of Operative Dentistry and Periodontology, University of Regensburg (Germany); Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Regensburg (Germany); Ettl, T.; Gosau, M.; Driemel, O. [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Regensburg (Germany)] [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Regensburg (Germany); Brockhoff, G. [Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, University of Regensburg (Germany)] [Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, University of Regensburg (Germany); Reck, A. [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Regensburg (Germany)] [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Regensburg (Germany); Zeitler, K. [Institute of Pathology, University of Regensburg (Germany)] [Institute of Pathology, University of Regensburg (Germany); Hautmann, M. [Department of Radiotherapy, University of Regensburg (Germany)] [Department of Radiotherapy, University of Regensburg (Germany); Reichert, T.E. [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Regensburg (Germany)] [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Regensburg (Germany); Schmalz, G. [Department of Operative Dentistry and Periodontology, University of Regensburg (Germany)] [Department of Operative Dentistry and Periodontology, University of Regensburg (Germany); Morsczeck, C., E-mail: christian.morsczeck@klinik.uni-regensburg.de [Department of Operative Dentistry and Periodontology, University of Regensburg (Germany)

2011-04-01

96

Umbelliprenin Induces Apoptosis in CLL Cell Lines  

PubMed Central

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) remains an incurable disease that requires innovative new approaches to improve therapeutic outcome. Many Ferula species, including F. asa-foetida, synthesize terpenyloxy coumarins. One of these coumarins is umbelliprenin, which has been implicated with induction of apoptosis in some cancer cell lines. In this study induction of apoptosis by umbelliprenin on Jurkat T-CLL and Raji B-CLL cell lines was studied. In this regard, cells were incubated with various concentrations of umbelliprenin in-vitro for different times and assayed for apoptosis with annexin V–FITC/PI double staining flowcytometry method. Results showed that umbelliprenin induced apoptosis in leukemic cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner and that CLL cells were more susceptible to umbelliprenin induced cell death than normal peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMCs). Moreover, we study the induction of apoptosis in Jurkat cells by umbelliprenin in the presence of interleukin 4 (IL-4) as an agent that causes resistance to apoptosis in CLL cells, was also student. We showed that IL-4 can not reduce apoptotic effect of umbelliprenin. The preferential toxicity of umbelliprenin for CLL cells, supports the hypothesis that oral administration of umbelliprenin in the form of foods or folk medicines containing this coumarin, might enhance protection against the development of CLL in man with little side effects. In conclusion, umbelliprenin may be an effective therapeutic agent in the treatment of CLL, and thus clinical studies with umbelliprenin may be appropriate. PMID:24250490

Ziai, Seyed Ali; Gholami, Omid; Iranshahi, Mehrdad; Zamani, Amir Hassan; Jeddi-Tehrani, Mahmood

2012-01-01

97

Refractory lining for electrochemical cell  

DOEpatents

Apparatus for processing a metallic fluid containing iron oxide, container for a molten metal including an electrically conductive refractory disposed for contact with the molten metal which contains iron oxide, an electrolyte in the form of a basic slag on top of the molten metal, an electrode in the container in contcat with the slag electrically separated from the refractory, and means for establishing a voltage across the refractory and the electrode to reduce iron oxide to iron at the surface of the refractory in contact with the iron oxide containing fluid. A process is disclosed for refining an iron product containing not more than about 10% by weight oxygen and not more than about 10% by weight sulfur, comprising providing an electrolyte of a slag containing one or more of calcium oxide, magnesium oxide, silica or alumina, providing a cathode of the iron product in contact with the electrolyte, providing an anode in contact with the electrolyte electrically separated from the cathode, and operating an electrochemical cell formed by the anode, the cathode and the electrolyte to separate oxygen or sulfur present in the iron product therefrom.

Blander, Milton (Palos Park, IL); Cook, Glenn M. (Naperville, IL)

1987-01-01

98

TRANSFECTION OF INSECT CELL LINES USING POLYETHYLENIMINE  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Insect cell lines have been widely used in recombinant baculovirus expression systems and transient gene expression studies. Critical to these applications have been the transfection of foreign DNA. This has been widely done using labor intensive and cytotoxic liposome-based transfection reagents....

99

Multinucleation of cultured canine epithelial and lymphoma cell lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  The frequency distribution patterns of monuclear and multinuclear giant cells were determined for two canine lymphoma cell\\u000a lines (DT-5 and 11028), and a normal canine kidney epithelial cell line (DK). The proportion of multinuclear cells in the\\u000a DK line (1.53%) was approximately twice those of the DT-5 (0.75%) and 11028 (0.73%) cell lines. The observed frequency distributions\\u000a of cells with

Joseph Torres; Albert L. Chapman

1984-01-01

100

Anticancer effect of the extracts from Polyalthia evecta against human hepatoma cell line (HepG2)  

PubMed Central

Objective To investigate the anticancer activity of Polyalthia evecta (P. evecta) (Pierre) Finet & Gagnep against human hepatoma cell line (HepG2). Methods The anticancer activity was based on (a) the cytotoxicity against human hepatoma cells (HepG2) assessed using a neutral red assay and (b) apoptosis induction determined by evaluation of nuclei morphological changes after DAPI staining. Preliminary phytochemical analysis of the crude extract was assessed by HPLC analysis. Results The 50% ethanol-water crude leaf extract of P. evecta (EW-L) showed greater potential anticancer activity with high cytotoxicity [IC50 = (62.8 ± 7.3)µg/mL] and higher selectivity in HepG2 cells than normal Vero cells [selective index (SI) = 7.9]. The SI of EW-L was higher than the positive control, melphalan (SI = 1.6) and the apoptotic cells (46.4 ± 2.6) % induced by EW-L was higher than the melphalan (41.6 ± 2.1)% (P<0.05). The HPLC chromatogram of the EW-L revealed the presence of various kinds of polyphenolics and flavonoids in it. Conclusions P. evecta is a potential plant with anticancer activity. The isolation of pure compounds and determination of the bioactivity of individual compounds will be further performed. PMID:23569932

Machana, Sasipawan; Weerapreeyakul, Natthida; Barusrux, Sahapat

2012-01-01

101

Investigating citrullinated proteins in tumour cell lines  

PubMed Central

Background The conversion of arginine into citrulline, termed citrullination, has important consequences for the structure and function of proteins. Studies have found PADI4, an enzyme performing citrullination, to be highly expressed in a variety of malignant tumours and have shown that PADI4 participates in the process of tumorigenesis. However, as citrullinated proteins have not been systematically investigated in tumours, the present study aimed to identify novel citrullinated proteins in tumours by 2-D western blotting (2-D WB). Methods Two identical two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) gels were prepared using extracts from ECA, H292, HeLa, HEPG2, Lovo, MCF-7, PANC-1, SGC, and SKOV3 tumour cell lines. The expression profiles on a 2-DE gel were trans-blotted to PVDF membranes, and the blots were then probed with an anti-citrulline antibody. By comparing the 2-DE profile with the parallel 2-D WB profile at a global level, protein spots with immuno-signals were collected from the second 2-DE gel and identified using mass spectrometry. Immunoprecipitation was used to verify the expression and citrullination of the targeted proteins in tumour cell lines. Results 2-D WB and mass spectrometry identified citrullinated ?-enolase (ENO1), heat shock protein 60 (HSP60), keratin 8 (KRT8), tubulin beta (TUBB), T cell receptor chain and vimentin in these cell lines. Immunoprecipitation analyses verified the expression and citrullination of ENO1, HSP60, KRT8, and TUBB in the total protein lysates of the tumour cell lines. Conclusions The citrullination of these proteins suggests a new mechanism in the tumorigenic process. PMID:24099319

2013-01-01

102

Cell lines that support replication of a novel herpes simplex virus 1 U{sub L}31 deletion mutant can properly target U{sub L}34 protein to the nuclear rim in the absence of U{sub L}31  

SciTech Connect

Previous results indicated that the herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) U{sub L}31 gene is necessary and sufficient for localization of the U{sub L}34 protein exclusively to the nuclear membrane of infected Hep2 cells. In the current studies, a bacterial artificial chromosome containing the entire HSV-1 strain F genome was used to construct a recombinant viral genome in which a gene encoding kanamycin resistance was inserted in place of 262 codons of the 306 codon U{sub L}31 open reading frame. The deletion virus produced virus titers approximately 10- to 50-fold lower in rabbit skin cells, more than 2000-fold lower in Vero cells, and more than 1500-fold lower in CV1 cells, compared to a virus bearing a restored U{sub L}31 gene. The replication of the U{sub L}31 deletion virus was restored on U{sub L}31-complementing cell lines derived either from rabbit skin cells or CV1 cells. Confocal microscopy indicated that the majority of U{sub L}34 protein localized aberrantly in the cytoplasm and nucleoplasm of Vero cells and CV1 cells, whereas U{sub L}34 protein localized at the nuclear membrane in rabbit skin cells, and U{sub L}31 complementing CV1 cells infected with the U{sub L}31 deletion virus. We conclude that rabbit skin cells encode a function that allows proper localization of U{sub L}34 protein to the nuclear membrane. We speculate that this function partially complements that of U{sub L}31 and may explain why U{sub L}31 is less critical for replication in rabbit skin cells as opposed to Vero and CV1 cells.

Liang Li [Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States); Tanaka, Michiko [Department of Virology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya 466-8550 (Japan); Kawaguchi, Yasushi [Department of Virology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya 466-8550 (Japan); Baines, Joel D. [Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States)]. E-mail: jdb11@cornell.edu

2004-11-10

103

Original article Immortalized goat milk epithelial cell lines  

E-print Network

T antigen. The kinetics of growth of TIGMEC1, TIG- MEC2 and TIGMEC3 cell lines showed a doubling time of 24Original article Immortalized goat milk epithelial cell lines replicate CAEV at high level Laila epithelial cells were isolated from CAEV-uninfected goats and three cell lines designated TIGMEC-1, TIGMEC-2

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

104

High titer growth of human and avian influenza viruses in an immortalized chick embryo cell line without the need for exogenous proteases.  

PubMed

The current method of growing influenza virus for vaccine production is through the use of embryonated chicken eggs. This manufacturing system yields a low concentration of virus per egg, requires significant downstream production for purification, and demands a considerable amount of time for production. We have demonstrated an immortalized chick embryo cell line, termed PBS-1, is capable of growing unmodified recent isolates of human and avian influenza A and B viruses to extremely high titers. In many cases, PBS-1 cells out perform primary chick embryo kidney (CEK) cells, Madin-Darby Canine Kidney (MDCK) cells and African green monkey kidney cells (Vero) in growth of recent influenza isolates. PBS-1 cells are free of any exogenous agents, are non-tumorigenic, and are readily adaptable to a variety of culture conditions, including growth on microcarrier beads. Influenza viruses grown in PBS-1 cells are released into the culture fluid without the need for exogenous proteases, thus simplifying downstream processing. In addition to offering a significant improvement in vaccine production, PBS-1 cells should prove valuable in diagnostics and as a cell line of choice for influenza virus research. PMID:18524432

Smith, Kristen A; Colvin, Christopher J; Weber, Patty S D; Spatz, Stephen J; Coussens, Paul M

2008-07-01

105

PI Control of Gene Expression in Tumorous Cell Lines  

E-print Network

cancer cell line genes behave more like their Human Embryonic Kidney cell line counterparts. Two methods of intervention were introduced. The first method was the simpler on-off control intervention while the second method used a more advanced...

Mendonca, Rouella J.

2010-01-16

106

Human Myeloma Cell Line Carrying a Philadelphia Chromosome  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new human plasmacytoma cell line (Karpas 707) has been established from a myeloma patient. The cultured cells are negative for Epstein-Barr viral nuclear antigen and free of mycoplasma. They are similar to plasma cells and secrete only lambda light chains. The cells are hypodiploid and contain the Philadelphia chromosome and other abnormalities. This cell line may be suitable for

Abraham Karpas; Patricia Fischer; David Swirsky

1982-01-01

107

A resource for cell line authentication, annotation and quality control.  

PubMed

Cell line misidentification, contamination and poor annotation affect scientific reproducibility. Here we outline simple measures to detect or avoid cross-contamination, present a framework for cell line annotation linked to short tandem repeat and single nucleotide polymorphism profiles, and provide a catalogue of synonymous cell lines. This resource will enable our community to eradicate the use of misidentified lines and generate credible cell-based data. PMID:25877200

Yu, Mamie; Selvaraj, Suresh K; Liang-Chu, May M Y; Aghajani, Sahar; Busse, Matthew; Yuan, Jean; Lee, Genee; Peale, Franklin; Klijn, Christiaan; Bourgon, Richard; Kaminker, Joshua S; Neve, Richard M

2015-04-16

108

Commissioning and initial stereotactic ablative radiotherapy experience with Vero.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study is to describe the comprehensive commissioning process and initial clinical performance of the Vero linear accelerator, a new radiotherapy device recently installed at UT Southwestern Medical Center specifically developed for delivery of image-guided stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR). The Vero system utilizes a ring gantry to integrate a beam delivery platform with image guidance systems. The ring is capable of rotating ± 60° about the vertical axis to facilitate noncoplanar beam arrangements ideal for SABR delivery. The beam delivery platform consists of a 6 MV C-band linac with a 60 leaf MLC projecting a maximum field size of 15 × 15 cm² at isocenter. The Vero planning and delivery systems support a range of treatment techniques, including fixed beam conformal, dynamic conformal arcs, fixed gantry IMRT in either SMLC (step-and-shoot) or DMLC (dynamic) delivery, and hybrid arcs, which combines dynamic conformal arcs and fixed beam IMRT delivery. The accelerator and treatment head are mounted on a gimbal mechanism that allows the linac and MLC to pivot in two dimensions for tumor tracking. Two orthogonal kV imaging subsystems built into the ring facilitate both stereoscopic and volumetric (CBCT) image guidance. The system is also equipped with an always-active electronic portal imaging device (EPID). We present our commissioning process and initial clinical experience focusing on SABR applications with the Vero, including: (1) beam data acquisition; (2) dosimetric commissioning of the treatment planning system, including evaluation of a Monte Carlo algorithm in a specially-designed anthropomorphic thorax phantom; (3) validation using the Radiological Physics Center thorax, head and neck (IMRT), and spine credentialing phantoms; (4) end-to-end evaluation of IGRT localization accuracy; (5) ongoing system performance, including isocenter stability; and (6) clinical SABR applications. PMID:24710458

Solberg, Timothy D; Medin, Paul M; Ramirez, Ezequiel; Ding, Chuxiong; Foster, Ryan D; Yordy, John

2014-01-01

109

Cell line issues: historical and future perspectives.  

PubMed

The initial decision to use only primary cell cultures for the production of human biological products was challenged in the late 1960s by the introduction of human diploid cells (HDCs), and again in the 1980s by continuous cell lines (CCLs). The history of the HDC controversy is reviewed and lessons from that era that are relevant to the use of CCLs are pointed out. With the introduction of recombinant DNA technology in the 1980s, and the potential usefulness of CCLs in product development, the issue of cell acceptability became more urgent, and several attempts were made to reach a consensus on regulatory issues. In 1986, the World Health Organization convened a Study Group to review the safety issues related to products derived from CCLs. The Study Group made a clear recommendation to pursue CCLs in product development because of the demonstrated capability of modern manufacturing processes to cope with contaminants. Issues such as acceptable levels of cellular DNA in products, the relationship of purity to safety, and the relevance of the genetic stability of recombinant cells to product consistency are current examples of areas in need of discussion and agreement. A system in which regulatory authorities, industry, and the general biomedical community cooperate in finding solutions is ultimately in everyone's best interest. PMID:1478355

Petricciani, J C

1992-01-01

110

Syngeneic mouse mammary carcinoma cell lines: Two closely related cell lines with divergent metastatic behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two cell lines, Met-1fvb2 and DB-7fvb2, with different metastatic potential, were derived from mammary carcinomas in FVB\\/N-Tg(MMTV-PyVmT) and FVB\\/N-Tg(MMTV-PyVmTY315F\\/Y322F) mice, transplanted into syngeneic FVB\\/N hosts and characterized. The lines maintain a stable morphological and biological phenotype after multiple rounds of in vitro culture and in vivo transplantation. The Met-1fvb2 line derived from a FVB\\/N-Tg(MMTV-PyVmT) tumor exhibits invasive growth and 100%

Alexander D. Borowsky; Ruria Namba; Lawrence J. T. Young; Kent W. Hunter; J. Graeme Hodgson; Clifford G. Tepper; Erik T. McGoldrick; William J. Muller; Robert D. Cardiff; Jeffrey P. Gregg

2005-01-01

111

EXAFS studies of prostate cancer cell lines  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sulphur plays a vital role in every human organism. It is known, that sulphur-bearing compounds, such as for example cysteine and glutathione, play critical roles in development and progression of many diseases. Any alteration in sulphur's biochemistry could become a precursor of serious pathological conditions. One of such condition is prostate cancer, the most frequently diagnosed malignancy in the western world and the second leading cause of cancer related death in men. The purpose of presented studies was to examine what changes occur in the nearest chemical environment of sulphur in prostate cancer cell lines in comparison to healthy cells. The Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy was used, followed by theoretical calculations. The results of preliminary analysis is presented.

Czapla, J.; Kwiatek, W. M.; Lekki, J.; Kisiel, A.; Steininger, R.; Goettlicher, J.

2013-04-01

112

Personalized chemotherapy profiling using cancer cell lines from selectable mice  

PubMed Central

Purpose High-throughput chemosensitivity testing of low-passage cancer cell lines can be used to prioritize agents for personalized chemotherapy. However, generating cell lines from primary cancers is difficult, because contaminating stromal cells overgrow the malignant cells. Experimental Design We produced a series of hypoxanthine phosphoribosyl transferase (hprt)-null immunodeficient mice. During growth of human cancers in these mice, hprt-null murine stromal cells replace their human counterparts. Results Pancreatic and ovarian cancers explanted from these mice were grown in selection media to produce pure human cancer cell lines. We screened one cell line with a 3,131-drug panel and identified seventy-seven FDA approved drugs with activity, including two novel drugs to which the cell line was uniquely sensitive. Xenografts of this carcinoma were selectively responsive to both drugs. Conclusion Chemotherapy can be personalized using patient-specific cell lines derived in biochemically selectable mice. PMID:23340293

Kamiyama, Hirohiko; Rauenzahn, Sherri; Shim, Joong Sup; Karikari, Collins A.; Feldmann, Georg; Hua, Li; Kamiyama, Mihoko; Schuler, F. William; Lin, Ming-Tseh; Beaty, Robert M.; Karanam, Balasubramanyam; Liang, Hong; Mullendore, Michael E.; Mo, Guanglan; Hidalgo, Manuel; Jaffee, Elizabeth; Hruban, Ralph H.; Jinnah, H. A.; Roden, Richard B. S.; Jimeno, Antonio; Liu, Jun O.; Maitra, Anirban; Eshleman, James R.

2013-01-01

113

Thrombomodulin modulates cell migration in human melanoma cell lines  

PubMed Central

Malignant melanoma cells are known to have altered expressions of growth factors as compared to normal melanocytes. Thrombomodulin (TM) is a thrombin receptor on endothelial cells that converts thrombin from a procoagulant to an anticoagulant enzyme. TM expression is downregulated in tumor cells, and this phenomenon correlates with tumor cell invasiveness and a poor prognosis in cancer patients. In this study, we evaluated TM expression in two human melanoma cell lines that are known to have either low (WM35) or high (A375) aggressive phenotypes. Analysis by quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) showed that the mRNA expression of TM is modestly (WM35) or dramatically (A375) downregulated in melanoma cells, as compared to human primary melanocytes. TM expression levels inversely correlated with in vitro migration properties of tumor cells. In addition, interleukin-8 (IL-8) expression also correlated with the degree of aggressiveness, as indicated by high expression levels of this cytokine in A375 cells. Overexpression of TM in A375 cells by transient transfection reversed their aggressive phenotype and dramatically decreased IL-8 expression by these cells. Taken together, these results suggest that down-regulation of TM plays a crucial role in melanocyte transformation and melanoma progression. PMID:24366193

da Silva de Oliveira, Andreia; Yang, Likiu; Echevarria-Lima, Juliana; Monteiro, Robson Q.; Rezaie, Alireza R.

2013-01-01

114

Epigenetic and genetic features of 24 colon cancer cell lines  

PubMed Central

Cell lines are invaluable biomedical research tools, and recent literature has emphasized the importance of genotype authentication and characterization. In the present study, 24 out of 27 cell line identities were confirmed by short tandem repeat profiling. The molecular phenotypes of the 24 colon cancer cell lines were examined, and microsatellite instability (MSI) and CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) were determined, using the Bethesda panel mononucleotide repeat loci and two epimarker panels, respectively. Furthermore, the BRAF, KRAS and PIK3CA oncogenes were analyzed for mutations in known hotspots, while the entire coding sequences of the PTEN and TP53 tumor suppressors were investigated. Nine cell lines showed MSI. Thirteen and nine cell lines were found to be CIMP positive, using the Issa panel and the Weisenberger et al. panel, respectively. The latter was found to be superior for CIMP classification of colon cancer cell lines. Seventeen cell lines harbored disrupting TP53 mutations. Altogether, 20/24 cell lines had the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway activating mutually exclusive KRAS or BRAF mutations. PIK3CA and PTEN mutations leading to hyperactivation of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/AKT pathway were observed in 13/24 cell lines. Interestingly, in four cell lines there were no mutations in neither BRAF, KRAS, PIK3CA nor in PTEN. In conclusion, this study presents molecular features of a large number of colon cancer cell lines to aid the selection of suitable in vitro models for descriptive and functional research. PMID:24042735

Ahmed, D; Eide, P W; Eilertsen, I A; Danielsen, S A; Eknæs, M; Hektoen, M; Lind, G E; Lothe, R A

2013-01-01

115

Isolation of a Glial-Restricted Tripotential Cell Line From  

E-print Network

Isolation of a Glial-Restricted Tripotential Cell Line From Embryonic Spinal Cord Cultures YUAN in culture. A clonal cell line prepared from immortalized GRP cells, termed GRIP-1, was also shown to retain­79, 2002. © 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc. INTRODUCTION Pluripotent stem cells, intermediate precursors, and fully

Fischer, Itzhak

116

Derivation of three new human embryonic stem cell lines.  

PubMed

Human embryonic stem cells are pluripotent cells capable of extensive self-renewal and differentiation to all cells of the embryo proper. Here, we describe the derivation and characterization of three Sydney IVF human embryonic stem cell lines not already reported elsewhere, designated SIVF001, SIVF002, and SIVF014. The cell lines display typical compact colony morphology of embryonic stem cells, have stable growth rates over more than 40 passages and are cytogenetically normal. Furthermore, the cell lines express pluripotency markers including Nanog, Oct4, SSEA3 and Tra-1-81, and are capable of generating teratoma cells derived from each of the three germ layers in immunodeficient mice. These experiments show that the cell lines constitute pluripotent stem cell lines. PMID:20198447

Bradley, Cara K; Chami, Omar; Peura, Teija T; Bosman, Alexis; Dumevska, Biljana; Schmidt, Uli; Stojanov, Tomas

2010-04-01

117

Phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of novel mouse cell line (NIH/3T3)-adapted human enterovirus 71 strains (EV71:TLLm and EV71:TLLmv).  

PubMed

Since its identification in 1969, Enterovirus 71 (EV71) has been causing periodic outbreaks of infection in children worldwide and most prominently in the Asia-Pacific Region. Understanding the pathogenesis of Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is hampered by the virus's inability to infect small animals and replicate in their derived in vitro cultured cells. This manuscript describes the phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of two selected EV71 strains (EV71:TLLm and EV71:TLLmv), which have been adapted to replicate in mouse-derived NIH/3T3 cells, in contrast to the original parental virus which is only able to replicate in primate cell lines. The EV71:TLLm strain exhibited productive infection in all primate and rodent cell lines tested, while EV71:TLLmv exhibited greater preference for mouse cell lines. EV71:TLLmv displayed higher degree of adaptation and temperature adaptability in NIH/3T3 cells than in Vero cells, suggesting much higher fitness in NIH/3T3 cells. In comparison with the parental EV71:BS strain, the adapted strains accumulated multiple adaptive mutations in the genome resulting in amino acid substitutions, most notably in the capsid-encoding region (P1) and viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (3D). Two mutations, E167D and L169F, were mapped to the VP1 canyon that binds the SCARB2 receptor on host cells. Another two mutations, S135T and K140I, were located in the VP2 neutralization epitope spanning amino acids 136-150. This is the first report of human EV71 with the ability to productively infect rodent cell lines in vitro. PMID:24671184

Victorio, Carla Bianca Luena; Xu, Yishi; Ng, Qimei; Chow, Vincent T K; Chua, Kaw Bing

2014-01-01

118

Phenotypic and Genotypic Characteristics of Novel Mouse Cell Line (NIH/3T3)-Adapted Human Enterovirus 71 Strains (EV71:TLLm and EV71:TLLmv)  

PubMed Central

Since its identification in 1969, Enterovirus 71 (EV71) has been causing periodic outbreaks of infection in children worldwide and most prominently in the Asia-Pacific Region. Understanding the pathogenesis of Enterovirus 71 (EV71) is hampered by the virus’s inability to infect small animals and replicate in their derived in vitro cultured cells. This manuscript describes the phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of two selected EV71 strains (EV71:TLLm and EV71:TLLmv), which have been adapted to replicate in mouse-derived NIH/3T3 cells, in contrast to the original parental virus which is only able to replicate in primate cell lines. The EV71:TLLm strain exhibited productive infection in all primate and rodent cell lines tested, while EV71:TLLmv exhibited greater preference for mouse cell lines. EV71:TLLmv displayed higher degree of adaptation and temperature adaptability in NIH/3T3 cells than in Vero cells, suggesting much higher fitness in NIH/3T3 cells. In comparison with the parental EV71:BS strain, the adapted strains accumulated multiple adaptive mutations in the genome resulting in amino acid substitutions, most notably in the capsid-encoding region (P1) and viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (3D). Two mutations, E167D and L169F, were mapped to the VP1 canyon that binds the SCARB2 receptor on host cells. Another two mutations, S135T and K140I, were located in the VP2 neutralization epitope spanning amino acids 136–150. This is the first report of human EV71 with the ability to productively infect rodent cell lines in vitro. PMID:24671184

Victorio, Carla Bianca Luena; Xu, Yishi; Ng, Qimei; Chow, Vincent T. K.; Chua, Kaw Bing

2014-01-01

119

Examination of retail chickens and sausages in Britain for vero cytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli.  

PubMed

Samples from chickens and pork sausages were examined for the presence of Vero cytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli by using DNA probes for the Vero cytotoxin genes. Hybridization was detected in 25% of the 184 sausage samples, but none of the chickens was positive. No E. coli O157:H7 strains were isolated, and serotyping showed that the Vero cytotoxin-producing E. coli strains belonged to eight different O serogroups and that six strains had an unidentifiable O antigen. PMID:1892398

Smith, H R; Cheasty, T; Roberts, D; Thomas, A; Rowe, B

1991-07-01

120

Human cancer cell lines: Experimental models for cancer cells in situ? For cancer stem cells?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Established human cancer cell lines are routinely used as experimental models for human cancers. Their validity for such use is analyzed and discussed, with particular focus on thyroid tumors. Although cell lines retain some properties of the cells of origin, from the points of view of their genetics, epigenetics and gene expression, they show clear differences in these properties compared

W. C. G. van Staveren; D. Y. Weiss Solís; A. Hébrant; V. Detours; J. E. Dumont; C. Maenhaut

2009-01-01

121

Isolation of molybdenum cofactor defective cell lines of Nicotiana tabacum  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thirty-nine chlorate resistant cell lines were isolated after plating ethylmethane sulphonate treated allodihaploid cells of Nicotiana tabacum cv. Xanthi on agar medium containing 20 mM chlorate. Thirty-two of these cell lines grew as well on nitrate medium as on amino acid medium and three other cell lines grew well on amino acid medium but poorly on nitrate medium. Four other

Roger J. Buchanan; John L. Wray

1982-01-01

122

Retroviral mediated gene transfer in megakaryocytic cell lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  There have been no reports, to date, of successful introduction of foreign DNA into committed megakaryocyte precursor cells.\\u000a We have successfully infected two megakaryocytic cell lines, one a committed cell line (CHRF-288-11) and the other a bipotential\\u000a cell line (K562), with a retroviral vector containing the bacteriallacZ gene and a neomycin resistance marker. Modification of standard protocols was required for

William R. Kiffmeyer; Peter J. Stambrook; Michael A. Lieberman

1994-01-01

123

Establishment and characterization of a novel myxofibrosarcoma cell line  

Microsoft Academic Search

We established a novel human myxofibrosarcoma cell line NMFH-1 and analyzed it with spectral karyotyping and comparative genomic hybridization (CGH). NMFH-1 cells are composed of two different types of cells, small, spindle-shaped mononuclear cells and bizarre multinucleated giant cells, which were maintained in vitro over 200 passages. Xenografted tumor showed typical features of myxofibrosarcoma, which included bizarre multinucleated giant cells.

Hiroyuki Kawashima; Akira Ogose; Wenguang Gu; Jun Nishio; Naoko Kudo; Naoki Kondo; Tetsuo Hotta; Hajime Umezu; Tsuyoshi Tohyama; Hirokazu Nishijima; Hiroshi Iwasaki; Naoto Endo

2005-01-01

124

SARS–associated Coronavirus Replication in Cell Lines  

PubMed Central

Given the potential for laboratory-associated severe acute respiratory syndrome–associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV) infections, we must know which cell lines are susceptible to the virus. We investigated 21 cell lines routinely used for virus isolation or research. After infection with SARS-CoV, cells were observed for cytopathic effects, and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to measure ongoing viral replication. An indirect immunofluorescence assay was also used as a confirmatory test. The study identified 10 new cell lines capable of supporting the replication of SARS-CoV and confirmed the susceptibility of 4 cell lines previously reported. This study shows that SARS-CoV can be isolated in several cell lines commonly used for diagnostic or research purposes. It also shows that SARS-CoV can achieve high titers in several cell lines, sometimes in the absence of specific cytopathic effects. PMID:16494729

Druce, Julian; Tran, Thomas; Kostecki, Renata; Chibo, Doris; Morris, Jessica; Catton, Mike; Birch, Chris

2006-01-01

125

Differentiation of Embryonic Stem Cell Lines Generated from Adult Somatic Cells by Nuclear Transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Embryonic stem (ES) cells are fully pluripotent in that they can differentiate into all cell types, including gametes. We have derived 35 ES cell lines via nuclear transfer (ntES cell lines) from adult mouse somatic cells of inbred, hybrid, and mutant strains. ntES cells contributed to an extensive variety of cell types, including dopaminergic and serotonergic neurons in vitro and

Teruhiko Wakayama; Viviane Tabar; Ivan Rodriguez; Anthony C. F. Perry; Lorenz Studer; Peter Mombaerts

2001-01-01

126

Isozyme and allozyme patterns in embryonic Drosophila cell culture lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two independently derived embryonic Drosophila cell culture lines were examined for 19 gene-enzyme systems. At two loci, a-glycerophosphate dehydrogenase on chromosome 2, and isocitrate dehydrogenase on chromosome 3, allelic variation was detected. These can now serve as genetic markers to identify hybrid cell clones. Quantitative differences between cell lines were found for five enzymes.

Stamatis Alahiotis; Edward Berger

1977-01-01

127

Antiproliferative action of metformin in human lung cancer cell lines.  

PubMed

The oral antidiabetic agent metformin has anticancer properties, probably via adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase activation. In the present study, growth inhibition was assessed by a clonogenic and by a cell survival assay, apoptosis induction was assessed by Hoechst staining and caspase activities and cell cycle alteration after exposure to metformin, and the interaction of metformin with cisplatin in vitro were elucidated in four human lung cancer cell lines representing squamous, adeno-, large cell and small cell carcinoma. Clonogenicity and cell proliferation were inhibited by metformin in all the cell lines examined. This inhibitory effect was not specific to cancer cells because it was also observed in a non-transformed human mesothelial cell line and in mouse fibroblast cell lines. Inhibition of clonogenicity was observed only when the cells were exposed to metformin for a long period, (10 days) and the surviving fraction, obtained after inhibiting proliferation by increasing the dose, reached a plateau at approximately 0.1-0.3, indicating the cytostatic characteristics of metformin. Metformin induced significant apoptosis only in the small cell carcinoma cell line. A tendency of cell cycle accumulation at the G0/G1 phase was observed in all four cell lines. Cisplatin, in a dose-dependent manner, severely antagonized the growth inhibitory effect of metformin, and even reversed the effect in three cell lines but not in the adenocarcinoma cell line. The present data obtained using various histological types of human lung cancer cell lines in vitro illustrate the cytostatic nature of metformin and its cytoprotective properties against cisplatin. PMID:22576795

Ashinuma, Hironori; Takiguchi, Yuichi; Kitazono, Satoru; Kitazono-Saitoh, Miyako; Kitamura, Atsushi; Chiba, Tetsuhiro; Tada, Yuji; Kurosu, Katsushi; Sakaida, Emiko; Sekine, Ikuo; Tanabe, Nobuhiro; Iwama, Atsushi; Yokosuka, Osamu; Tatsumi, Koichiro

2012-07-01

128

Antibacterial effect of theaflavin, polyphenon 60 (Camellia sinensis) and Euphorbia hirta on Shigella spp.--a cell culture study.  

PubMed

Antibacterial effect of compounds extracted from Camellia sinensis L. and the methanol extract of Euphorbia hirta L. were studied against dysentery causing Shigella spp. using the Vero cell line. Cytotoxicity studies of the extracts were performed using the cell line and the non-cytotoxic concentration of the extract was tested for antibacterial activity against the cytopathic dose of the pathogen. These extracts were found to be non-cytotoxic and effective antibacterial agents. PMID:8847884

Vijaya, K; Ananthan, S; Nalini, R

1995-12-01

129

Investigation of the uptake of drugs, carcinogens and mutagens by individual mammalian cells using a scanning proton microprobe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The use of micro-PIXE [1] in measuring the quantitative uptake of drugs containing metal atoms by individual Vero cells (African green monkey kidney cell line) and V79 Chinese hamster lung cells is demonstrated. One class of drugs, heteropolytungstates, which are being assessed for activity against the HIV virus, were studied using Vero cells. The cellular uptake of a series of chromium compounds, including carcinogens and mutagens, in which the metal oxidation state was either (III), (V) or (VI), was measured using V79 cells. It was found that, unlike any other techniques, scanning proton microprobe (SPM) offers both the sensitivity and spatial resolution to carry out unicellular analysis. The use of cultured cell lines in these analyses was shown to have distinct advantages over cells such as peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs).

Cholewa, M.; Turnbull, I. F.; Legge, G. J. F.; Weigold, H.; Marcuccio, S. M.; Holan, G.; Tomlinson, E.; Wright, P. J.; Dillon, C. T.; Lay, P. A.; Bonin, A. M.

1995-09-01

130

The pursuit of ES cell lines of domesticated ungulates  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

In contrast to differentiated cells, embryonic stem cells (ESC) maintain an undifferentiated state, have the ability to self-renew, and exhibit pluripotency, i.e., they can give rise to most if not all somatic cell types and to the germ cells, egg and sperm. These characteristics make ES cell lines...

131

Continuous human cell lines and method of making same  

DOEpatents

Substantially genetically stable continuous human cell lines derived from normal human mammary epithelial cells (HMEC) and processes for making and using the same. In a preferred embodiment, the cell lines are derived by treating normal human mammary epithelial tissue with a chemical carcinogen such as benzo[a]pyrene. The novel cell lines serve as useful substrates for elucidating the potential effects of a number of toxins, carcinogens and mutagens as well as of the addition of exogenous genetic material. The autogenic parent cells from which the cell lines are derived serve as convenient control samples for testing. The cell lines are not neoplastically transformed, although they have acquired several properties which distinguish them from their normal progenitors.

Stampfer, Martha R. (Oakland, CA)

1989-01-01

132

Continuous human cell lines and method of making same  

DOEpatents

Substantially genetically stable continuous human cell lines derived from normal human mammary epithelial cells (HMEC) and processes for making and using the same. In a preferred embodiment, the cell lines are derived by treating normal human mammary epithelial tissue with a chemical carcinogen such as benzo(a)pyrene. The novel cell lines serve as useful substrates for elucidating the potential effects of a number of toxins, carcinogens and mutagens as well as of the addition of exogenous genetic material. The autogenic parent cells from which the cell lines are derived serve as convenient control samples for testing. The cell lines are not neoplastically transformed, although they have acquired several properties which distinguish them from their normal progenitors. 2 tabs.

Stampfer, M.R.

1985-07-01

133

33 CFR 110.73b - Indian River at Vero Beach, Fla.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Indian River at Vero Beach, Fla. 110.73b Section 110.73b Navigation and Navigable...Special Anchorage Areas § 110.73b Indian River at Vero Beach, Fla. (a) Area A. Beginning at a point located on the...

2013-07-01

134

33 CFR 110.73b - Indian River at Vero Beach, Fla.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Indian River at Vero Beach, Fla. 110.73b Section 110.73b Navigation and Navigable...Special Anchorage Areas § 110.73b Indian River at Vero Beach, Fla. (a) Area A. Beginning at a point located on the...

2010-07-01

135

33 CFR 110.73b - Indian River at Vero Beach, Fla.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Indian River at Vero Beach, Fla. 110.73b Section 110.73b Navigation and Navigable...Special Anchorage Areas § 110.73b Indian River at Vero Beach, Fla. (a) Area A. Beginning at a point located on the...

2014-07-01

136

33 CFR 110.73b - Indian River at Vero Beach, Fla.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Indian River at Vero Beach, Fla. 110.73b Section 110.73b Navigation and Navigable...Special Anchorage Areas § 110.73b Indian River at Vero Beach, Fla. (a) Area A. Beginning at a point located on the...

2011-07-01

137

33 CFR 110.73b - Indian River at Vero Beach, Fla.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Indian River at Vero Beach, Fla. 110.73b Section 110.73b Navigation and Navigable...Special Anchorage Areas § 110.73b Indian River at Vero Beach, Fla. (a) Area A. Beginning at a point located on the...

2012-07-01

138

Establishment of human colon cancer cell lines from fresh tumors versus xenografts: comparison of success rate and cell line features.  

PubMed

Obtaining representative human colon cancer cell lines from fresh tumors is technically difficult. Using 32 tumor fragments from patients with colon cancer, the present study shows that prior xenograft leads to more efficient cell line establishment compared with direct establishment from fresh tumors (P < 0.05). From 26 tumor specimens, we successfully established 20 tumor xenografts in nude mice (77%); among 19 of these xenografts, 9 (47%) led to cell lines, including four from liver metastases. Only 3 of 31 tumor specimens (9.7%) grew immediately in vitro, and all were derived from primary tumors. To compare major phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of human colon cancer cell lines derived from the same tumor fragment using two protocols, the two pairs of cell lines obtained from 2 of 32 tumor fragments were extensively studied. They displayed similar morphology and were able to form compact spheroids. Chemosensitivity to 5-fluorouracil, CPT11, and L-OHP differed between cell lines obtained from patient tumors and those derived from xenografts. Matched cell lines shared a common core of karyotype alterations and distinctive additional chromosomal aberrations. Expression levels of genes selected for their role in oncogenesis evaluated by real-time quantitative PCR were found to be statistically correlated whatever the in vitro culture model used. In conclusion, xenotransplantation in mice of tumor fragments before establishment of cell lines enables generation of more novel human cancer cell lines for investigation of colon cancer cell biology, opening up the opportunity of reproducing the diversity of this disease. PMID:17210723

Dangles-Marie, Virginie; Pocard, Marc; Richon, Sophie; Weiswald, Louis-Bastien; Assayag, Franck; Saulnier, Patrick; Judde, Jean-Gabriel; Janneau, Jean-Louis; Auger, Nathalie; Validire, Pierre; Dutrillaux, Bernard; Praz, Françoise; Bellet, Dominique; Poupon, Marie-France

2007-01-01

139

Human Coronavirus EMC Does Not Require the SARS-Coronavirus Receptor and Maintains Broad Replicative Capability in Mammalian Cell Lines  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT A new human coronavirus (hCoV-EMC) has emerged very recently in the Middle East. The clinical presentation resembled that of the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) as encountered during the epidemic in 2002/2003. In both cases, acute renal failure was observed in humans. HCoV-EMC is a member of the same virus genus as SARS-CoV but constitutes a sister species. Here we investigated whether it might utilize angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), the SARS-CoV receptor. Knowledge of the receptor is highly critical because the restriction of the SARS receptor to deep compartments of the human respiratory tract limited the spread of SARS. In baby hamster kidney (BHK) cells, lentiviral transduction of human ACE2 (hACE2) conferred permissiveness and replication for SARS-CoV but not for hCoV-EMC. Monkey and human kidney cells (LLC-MK2, Vero, and 769-P) and swine kidney cells were permissive for both viruses, but only SARS-CoV infection could be blocked by anti-hACE2 antibody and could be neutralized by preincubation of virus with soluble ACE2. Our data show that ACE2 is neither necessary nor sufficient for hCoV-EMC replication. Moreover, hCoV-EMC, but not SARS-CoV, replicated in cell lines from Rousettus, Rhinolophus, Pipistrellus, Myotis, and Carollia bats, representing four major chiropteran families from both suborders. As human CoV normally cannot replicate in bat cells from different families, this suggests that hCoV-EMC might use a receptor molecule that is conserved in bats, pigs, and humans, implicating a low barrier against cross-host transmission. PMID:23232719

Müller, Marcel A.; Raj, V. Stalin; Muth, Doreen; Meyer, Benjamin; Kallies, Stephan; Smits, Saskia L.; Wollny, Robert; Bestebroer, Theo M.; Specht, Sabine; Suliman, Tasnim; Zimmermann, Katrin; Binger, Tabea; Eckerle, Isabella; Tschapka, Marco; Zaki, Ali M.; Osterhaus, Albert D. M. E.; Fouchier, Ron A. M.; Haagmans, Bart L.; Drosten, Christian

2012-01-01

140

Apoptosis as a Cause of Death in Measles Virus-Infected Cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

To determine the mechanism of measles virus-induced cell death, we studied the infection of Vero cells and monocytic cell lines with wild-type (Chicago-1) and vaccine (Edmonston) strains of measles virus. DNA fragmentationindicativeofapoptosiswasapparentbyflowcytometry,agarosegelelectrophoresis,andelectron microscopy. Within syncytia, DNA strand breaks were demonstrated by end labeling with terminal transferase and then by visualization. A number of viruses have recently been shown to cause

LISA M. ESOLEN; SUK W. PARK; J. MARIE HARDWICK; ANDDIANE E. GRIFFIN

1995-01-01

141

Plant cell biology through the window of the highly synchronized tobacco BY2 cell line  

Microsoft Academic Search

Synchronous cell systems are highly desirable for investigating various aspects of plant cell biology. However, to date, the tobacco BY-2 cell line is the only plant cell line which can be synchronized to high levels. A cell synchrony starting from S phase is obtained after release of BY-2 cells from aphidicolin treatment, while that from M phase is available after

Toshiyuki Nagata; Fumi Kumagai

1999-01-01

142

Herpesvirus-transformed cytotoxic T-cell lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Investigations of cellular cytotoxicity of the immune system are hampered by the lack of continuously growing, transformed cell lines which express a cytotoxic potential. Here we describe cytotoxic cell lines from the cotton-topped marmoset monkey, transformed by Herpesvirus Ateles (HVA) or Herpesvirus Saimiri (HVS), which can kill certain target cells in a short-term in vitro test. HVA\\/HVS-transformed cells have earlier

Donald R. Johnson; Mikael Jondal

1981-01-01

143

Phase III Clinical Trials Comparing the Immunogenicity and Safety of the Vero Cell-Derived Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine Encevac with Those of Mouse Brain-Derived Vaccine by Using the Beijing-1 Strain  

PubMed Central

The immunogenicity and safety of an inactivated cell culture Japanese encephalitis vaccine (CC-JEV) were compared with those of an inactivated mouse brain-derived Japanese encephalitis vaccine (MB-JEV) in phase III clinical multicenter trials conducted in children. The vaccines contain the same Japanese encephalitis virus strain, the Beijing-1 strain. Two independent clinical trials (trials 1 and 2) were conducted. Trial 1 was conducted in 468 healthy children. Each subject was injected with 17 ?g per dose of either CC-JEV or MB-JEV, and the immunogenicity and safety of the vaccines were investigated. Trial 1 showed that CC-JEV was more immunogenic and reactive than MB-JEV at the same dose. Therefore, to adjust the immunogenicity of CC-JEV to that of MB-JEV, a vaccine that has had a good track record regarding its efficacy for a long time, trial 2 was conducted in 484 healthy children. To improve the stability, CC-JEV was converted from a liquid type to a freeze-dried type of vaccine. Each subject was injected subcutaneously with either 4 ?g per dose of CC-JEV, 8 ?g per dose of CC-JEV, or 17 ?g per dose of MB-JEV twice, at an interval of 2 to 4 weeks, followed by an additional booster immunization 1 to 15 months after the primary immunization. Based on the results of trial 2, 4 ?g per dose of the freeze-dried CC-JEV (under the label Encevac) was selected as a substitute for the MB-JEV. Encevac was approved and launched in 2011 and has since been in use as a 2nd-generation Japanese encephalitis vaccine in Japan. (These studies have been registered at the JapicCTI under registration no. JapicCTI-132063 and JapicCTI-080586 for trials 1 and 2, respectively.) PMID:24334689

Miyazaki, Chiaki; Okada, Kenji; Ozaki, Takao; Hirose, Mizuo; Iribe, Kaneshige; Ishikawa, Yuji; Togashi, Takehiro; Ueda, Kohji

2014-01-01

144

GREG cells, a dysferlin-deficient myogenic mouse cell line  

SciTech Connect

The dysferlinopathies (e.g. LGMD2b, Myoshi myopathy) are progressive, adult-onset muscle wasting syndromes caused by mutations in the gene coding for dysferlin. Dysferlin is a large ({approx} 200 kDa) membrane-anchored protein, required for maintenance of plasmalemmal integrity in muscle fibers. To facilitate analysis of dysferlin function in muscle cells, we have established a dysferlin-deficient myogenic cell line (GREG cells) from the A/J mouse, a genetic model for dysferlinopathy. GREG cells have no detectable dysferlin expression, but proliferate normally in growth medium and fuse into functional myotubes in differentiation medium. GREG myotubes exhibit deficiencies in plasma membrane repair, as measured by laser wounding in the presence of FM1-43 dye. Under the wounding conditions used, the majority ({approx} 66%) of GREG myotubes lack membrane repair capacity, while no membrane repair deficiency was observed in dysferlin-normal C2C12 myotubes, assayed under the same conditions. We discuss the possibility that the observed heterogeneity in membrane resealing represents genetic compensation for dysferlin deficiency.

Humphrey, Glen W.; Mekhedov, Elena; Blank, Paul S. [Program in Physical Biology, Eunice Kennedy Schriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 (United States)] [Program in Physical Biology, Eunice Kennedy Schriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 (United States); Morree, Antoine de [Center for Human Genetics, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden (Netherlands)] [Center for Human Genetics, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden (Netherlands); Pekkurnaz, Gulcin [Program in Physical Biology, Eunice Kennedy Schriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 (United States)] [Program in Physical Biology, Eunice Kennedy Schriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 (United States); Nagaraju, Kanneboyina [Research Center for Genetic Medicine, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC 20010 (United States)] [Research Center for Genetic Medicine, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC 20010 (United States); Zimmerberg, Joshua, E-mail: zimmerbj@mail.nih.gov [Program in Physical Biology, Eunice Kennedy Schriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 (United States)] [Program in Physical Biology, Eunice Kennedy Schriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 (United States)

2012-01-15

145

77 FR 42425 - Amendment of Air Traffic Service (ATS) Routes in the Vicinity of Vero Beach, FL  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...ATS) Routes in the Vicinity of Vero Beach, FL AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration...and V-537, in the vicinity of Vero Beach, FL. The FAA is taking this action because the name of the Vero Beach, FL, VOR Tactical Air Navigation...

2012-07-19

146

The transcriptional diversity of 25 Drosophila cell lines  

SciTech Connect

Drosophila melanogaster cell lines are important resources for cell biologists. Here, we catalog the expression of exons, genes, and unannotated transcriptional signals for 25 lines. Unannotated transcription is substantial (typically 19% of euchromatic signal). Conservatively, we identify 1405 novel transcribed regions; 684 of these appear to be new exons of neighboring, often distant, genes. Sixty-four percent of genes are expressed detectably in at least one line, but only 21% are detected in all lines. Each cell line expresses, on average, 5885 genes, including a common set of 3109. Expression levels vary over several orders of magnitude. Major signaling pathways are well represented: most differentiation pathways are ‘‘off’’ and survival/growth pathways ‘‘on.’’ Roughly 50% of the genes expressed by each line are not part of the common set, and these show considerable individuality. Thirty-one percent are expressed at a higher level in at least one cell line than in any single developmental stage, suggesting that each line is enriched for genes characteristic of small sets of cells. Most remarkable is that imaginal discderived lines can generally be assigned, on the basis of expression, to small territories within developing discs. These mappings reveal unexpected stability of even fine-grained spatial determination. No two cell lines show identical transcription factor expression. We conclude that each line has retained features of an individual founder cell superimposed on a common ‘‘cell line‘‘ gene expression pattern. Wereport the transcriptional profiles of 25 Drosophila melanogaster cell lines, principally by whole-genome tiling microarray analysis of total RNA, carried out as part of the modENCODE project. The data produced in this study add to our knowledge of the cell lines and of the Drosophila transcriptome in several ways. We summarize the expression of previously annotated genes in each of the 25 lines with emphasis on what those patterns reveal about the origins of the lines and the stability of spatial expression patterns. We also offer an initial analysis of previously unannotated transcripts in the cell lines.

Cherbas, Lucy; Willingham, Aarron; Zhang, Dayu; Yang, Li; Zou, Yi; Eads, Brian D.; Carlson, Joseph W.; Landolin, Jane M.; Kapranov, Philipp; Dumais, Jacqueline; Samsonova, Anastasia; Choi, Jeong-Hyeon; Roberts, Johnny; Davis, Carrie A.; Tang, Haixu; van Baren, Marijke J.; Ghosh, Srinka; Dobin, Alexander; Bell, Kim; Lin, Wei; Langton, Laura; Duff, Michael O.; Tenney, Aaron E.; Zaleski, Chris; Brent, Michael R.; Hoskins, Roger A.; Kaufman, Thomas C.; Andrews, Justen; Graveley, Brenton R.; Perrimon, Norbert; Celniker, Susan E.; Gingeras, Thomas R.; Cherbas, Peter

2010-11-15

147

Survey of Interferon Production and Sensitivity in Human Cell Lines  

PubMed Central

Seven presumed diploid and 11 established cell lines were studied for their ability to produce free interferon in response to a standardized Newcastle disease virus challenge. Interferon production was evaluated in both serum-containing and serum-free medium. The ability of these cell lines to respond to the application of a standard interferon preparation by becoming resistant to virus was also examined. The diploid lines were distinctly more efficient producers of interferon than were the established lines. They also evidenced a greater requirement for serum to produce their maximum titers, but some were able to produce good titers in serum-free medium. The diploid lines were uniformly more sensitive to the application of exogenous interferon than were the established cell lines and attained greater degrees of virus resistance, but all lines tested displayed measurable sensitivity to interferon. PMID:4329429

Moehring, J. M.; Stinebring, W. R.; Merchant, D. J.

1971-01-01

148

The effects of oncolytic reovirus in canine lymphoma cell lines.  

PubMed

Reovirus is a potent oncolytic virus in many human neoplasms that has reached phase II and III clinical trials. Our laboratory has previously reported the oncolytic effects of reovirus in canine mast cell tumour (MCT). In order to further explore the potential of reovirus in veterinary oncology, we tested the susceptibility of reovirus in 10 canine lymphoma cell lines. Reovirus-induced cell death, virus replication and infectivity were confirmed in four cell lines with variable levels of susceptibility. The level of Ras activation varied among the cell lines with no correlation with reovirus susceptibility. Reovirus-susceptible cell lines underwent apoptosis as proven by propidium iodide (PI) staining, Annexin V-FITC/PI assay, cleavage of PARP and inhibition of cell death by caspase inhibitor. A single intratumoral injection of reovirus suppressed the growth of canine lymphoma subcutaneous tumour in NOD/SCID mice. Unlike canine MCT, canine lymphoma is less susceptible to reovirus. PMID:25319493

Hwang, C C; Umeki, S; Igase, M; Coffey, M; Noguchi, S; Okuda, M; Mizuno, T

2014-10-15

149

Cold storage and cryopreservation of tick cell lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Tick cell lines are now available from fifteen ixodid and argasid species of medical and veterinary importance. However, some tick cell lines can be difficult to cryopreserve, and improved protocols for short- and long-term low temperature storage will greatly enhance their use as tools in tick and tick-borne pathogen research. In the present study, different protocols were evaluated for

Gertrud Lallinger; Erich Zweygarth; Lesley Bell-Sakyi; Lygia MF Passos

2010-01-01

150

Human Embryonic Stem Cell Lines Derived from Discarded Embryos  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT Human pluripotent embryonic stem (ES) cells have important potential in regenerative medicine and as models for human preimplantation development; how- ever, debate continues over whether embryos should be destroyed to produce human ES cells. We have derived four ES cell lines on mouse embryonic fibroblast cells in medium supplemented with basic fibroblast growth fac- tor, human recombinant leukemia inhibitory

Maisam Mitalipova; John Calhoun; Soojung Shin; David Wininger; Thomas Schulz; Scott Noggle; Alison Venable; Ian Lyons; Allan Robins; Steven Stice

2003-01-01

151

Maintenance of mouse male germ line stem cells in vitro.  

PubMed

The proliferation and differentiation of a stem cell are regulated intrinsically by the stem cell and extrinsically by the stem cell niche. Elucidation of regulatory mechanisms of spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs), the stem cell of the postnatal male germ line, would be facilitated by in vitro studies that provide a defined microenvironment reconstituted ex vivo. We analyzed the effect of in vitro environment on the maintenance of adult and immature SSCs in a 7-day culture system. Although the number of adult and immature SSCs decreased in a time-dependent manner, nearly one in four stem cells (24%) could be maintained in vitro for 7 days. Stem cell maintenance was enhanced by coculture with OP9 bone marrow stroma or L fibroblast cell lines, addition of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor, or utilization of specific culture medium. In contrast, coculture with TM4 or SF7 Sertoli cell lines and addition of activin A or bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4) reduced stem cell maintenance in vitro. Only 4% of the stem cells remained when cultured with TM4 cells or activin A, and 6% remained when cultured with SF7 cells or BMP4. These results lead to the hypothesis that suppression of germ cell differentiation improves in vitro maintenance of SSCs by interrupting the unidirectional cascade of spermatogenesis and blocking stem cell differentiation. PMID:12606373

Nagano, Makoto; Ryu, Buom-Yong; Brinster, Clayton J; Avarbock, Mary R; Brinster, Ralph L

2003-06-01

152

Insulin-secreting cell lines: classification, characteristics and potential applications.  

PubMed

The use of primary beta-cells in biochemical and molecular research is limited by the availability of pancreatic endocrine tissue. Numerous investigators have attempted to establish an insulin-secreting cell line that retains normal regulation of insulin secretion. Different approaches have been used, including induction of pancreatic tumors by irradiation or viral infection, immortalization of beta-cells in vitro, and development of transgenic mice with targeted expression of a recombinant oncogene in the beta-cell. Few of these attempts have proven successful, because cell differentiation and proliferation capacities are mutually exclusive. The most widely used insulin-secreting cell lines are RIN, HIT, beta TC, MIN6 and INS-1 cells. These cells contain mainly insulin and small amounts of glucagon and somatostatin. RIN cells, except for the subclone RIN-38, are not glucose-responsive. HIT cells and beta TC cells secrete insulin in response to glucose, but their dose-response curve is markedly shifted to the left MIN6, INS-1 and a newly available subclone of beta TC cells (beta TC-6 F7) are reported to retain normal regulation of glucose-induced insulin secretion. Although the behaviour of none of these cell lines perfectly mimics primary beta-cell physiology, they are extremely valuable tools for the study of molecular events underlying beta-cell function and dysfunction. In addition, insulin-secreting cell lines represent a potential source of transplantable tissue to overcome the limited availability of primary islets for this procedure. PMID:8697299

Poitout, V; Olson, L K; Robertson, R P

1996-02-01

153

Establishment and characterization of neonatal mouse sertoli cell lines.  

PubMed

Sertoli cells isolated from 6-day postpartum mouse testes were conditionally immortalized with the simian virus 40 large tumor antigen gene (SV40-LTAg) under the control of a promoter inducible with ponasterone A, an analog of ecdysone. This strategy produced 2 cell lines, which exhibited mixed phenotypes. We first tested the conditional expression of the LTAg gene in the presence or absence of ponasterone A. The results showed that both cell lines expressed LTAg when the inducer was present in the culture media. When ponasterone A was removed, the majority of the cells died. After 60 generations, however, the continued expression of LTAg in the absence of the hormone indicated that unknown changes may have occurred in the genome of the cells. One of the cell lines was further subcloned, resulting in 7 new lines exhibiting a morphology resembling that of Sertoli cells in tissue culture. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was performed on RNA collected from each cell line in order to determine which cells were phenotypically similar to Sertoli cells in vivo. All cell lines expressed the products of the Sertoli cell-specific genes stem cell factor (SCF) and sulfated glycoprotein-2 (SGP-2), in addition to alpha-inhibin, GATA-1, and steroidogenic factor-1. Further, the lines express growth and differentiation factors known to act upon germ cells in vivo and in vitro such as leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta), and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). Moreover, when used as feeder layers in cocultures, at least 2 of these lines are able to maintain the viability of type A spermatogonia for at least 7 days and to support the first steps of spermatogonial differentiation. PMID:12514093

Hofmann, Marie-Claude; Van Der Wee, Katherine S; Dargart, Jamie L; Dirami, Ghenima; Dettin, Luis; Dym, Martin

2003-01-01

154

Progressing Neural Stem Cell Lines to the Clinic  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, prospects for treating serious neurological disorders have improved with the development of cell therapy\\u000a as a viable therapeutic strategy. Initial clinical studies on cell implantation therapy in the brain used primary fetal tissue\\u000a but progress has been made in developing expanded cell lines from somatic neural stem cells and embryonic stem cells. In addition,\\u000a neural stem cell

Kenneth Pollock; John D. Sinden

155

Phenotype and Genotype of Pancreatic Cancer Cell Lines  

PubMed Central

The dismal prognosis of pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PA) is due in part due to a lack of molecular information regarding disease development. Established cell lines remain a useful tool for investigating these molecular events. Here we present a review of available information on commonly used PA cell lines as a resource to help investigators select the cell lines most appropriate for their particular research needs. Information on clinical history, in vitro and in vivo growth characteristics, phenotypic characteristics, such as adhesion, invasion, migration and tumorigenesis, and genotypic status of commonly altered genes (KRAS, p53, p16, and SMAD4) was evaluated. Identification of both consensus and discrepant information in the literature suggests careful evaluation before selection of cell lines and attention be given to cell line authentication. PMID:20418756

Deer, Emily L.; Gonzalez-Hernandez, Jessica; Coursen, Jill D.; Shea, Jill E.; Ngatia, Josephat; Scaife, Courtney L.; Firpo, Matthew A.; Mulvihill, Sean J.

2009-01-01

156

UOK 268 Cell Line for Hereditary Leiomyomatosis and Renal Cell Carcinoma  

Cancer.gov

This technology describes the UOK 268 cell line, a spontaneously immortalized renal tumor cell line that may be of great interest to industry for studying HLRCC, drug screening, and searching for tumor markers related to diagnosis, prognosis, and drug resistance.

157

Production of Uniparental Embryonic Stem Cell Lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Embryonic stem cells, or induced pluripotent cells derived from somatic cells, can yield differentiated progeny with potential\\u000a applicability for tissue repair. This chapter describes the generation of embryonic stem cells from gamete-derived uniparental\\u000a embryos. These embryonic stem cells can be patient-derived and potentially histocompatible with the gamete donor. The production\\u000a of uniparental embryos followed by derivation of embryonic stem cells

Sigrid Eckardt; K. John McLaughlin

158

Identification of a Novel Rhabdovirus in Spodoptera frugiperda Cell Lines  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT The Sf9 cell line, derived from Spodoptera frugiperda, is used as a cell substrate for biological products, and no viruses have been reported in this cell line after extensive testing. We used degenerate PCR assays and massively parallel sequencing (MPS) to identify a novel RNA virus belonging to the order Mononegavirales in Sf9 cells. Sequence analysis of the assembled virus genome showed the presence of five open reading frames (ORFs) corresponding to the genes for the N, P, M, G, and L proteins in other rhabdoviruses and an unknown ORF of 111 amino acids located between the G- and L-protein genes. BLAST searches indicated that the S. frugiperda rhabdovirus (Sf-rhabdovirus) was related in a limited region of the L-protein gene to Taastrup virus, a newly discovered member of the Mononegavirales from a leafhopper (Hemiptera), and also to plant rhabdoviruses, particularly in the genus Cytorhabdovirus. Phylogenetic analysis of sequences in the L-protein gene indicated that Sf-rhabdovirus is a novel virus that branched with Taastrup virus. Rhabdovirus morphology was confirmed by transmission electron microscopy of filtered supernatant samples from Sf9 cells. Infectivity studies indicated potential transient infection by Sf-rhabdovirus in other insect cell lines, but there was no evidence of entry or virus replication in human cell lines. Sf-rhabdovirus sequences were also found in the Sf21 parental cell line of Sf9 cells but not in other insect cell lines, such as BT1-TN-5B1-4 (Tn5; High Five) cells and Schneider's Drosophila line 2 [D.Mel.(2); SL2] cells, indicating a species-specific infection. The results indicate that conventional methods may be complemented by state-of-the-art technologies with extensive bioinformatics analysis for identification of novel viruses. IMPORTANCE The Spodoptera frugiperda Sf9 cell line is used as a cell substrate for the development and manufacture of biological products. Extensive testing has not previously identified any viruses in this cell line. This paper reports on the identification and characterization of a novel rhabdovirus in Sf9 cells. This was accomplished through the use of next-generation sequencing platforms, de novo assembly tools, and extensive bioinformatics analysis. Rhabdovirus identification was further confirmed by transmission electron microscopy. Infectivity studies showed the lack of replication of Sf-rhabdovirus in human cell lines. The overall study highlights the use of a combinatorial testing approach including conventional methods and new technologies for evaluation of cell lines for unexpected viruses and use of comprehensive bioinformatics strategies for obtaining confident next-generation sequencing results. PMID:24672045

Ma, Hailun; Galvin, Teresa A.; Glasner, Dustin R.; Shaheduzzaman, Syed

2014-01-01

159

Trichothecene-induced cytotoxicity on human cell lines.  

PubMed

Trichothecene cytotoxicity of type A (T-2 toxin and HT-2 toxin), type B (deoxynivalenol, DON, and nivalenol, NIV), and type D (satratoxins G and H) compounds was determined comparatively by using eight permanent human cell lines (Hep-G2, A549, CaCo-2, HEp-2, A204, U937, RPMI 8226, and Jurkat). Viability of cells was measured by a water-soluble tetrazolium (WST-1) reagent cell proliferation assay assessing mitochondrial metabolic activity. Toxicity was expressed as the toxin concentration inhibiting 50% of cell viability (IC50). Depending on the chemotype of the tested trichothecenes, relative cytotoxic activity differed by a factor of 100-1,000, and the corresponding IC50 values were in the range from 2.2 nmol/l (satratoxin H on Jurkat and U937 cells) to 4,900 nmol/l (deoxynivalenol on HEp-2 cells). In contrast, the specific toxicity of each individual mycotoxin towards different cell lines was within remarkable close limits, and between-cell line differences were much smaller than previously reported. For the cell lines tested, IC50 values were 4.4-10.8 nmol/l for T-2 toxin, 7.5-55.8 mol/l for HT-2 toxin, 600-4,900 nmol/l for DON, 300-2,600 nmol/l for NIV, and 2.2-18.3 nmol/l for satratoxins G/H. In addition, for the first time, the toxic activity of trichothecenes on primary cell culture of human endothelial cells (HUVEC) was tested. The susceptibility of this cell line was comparable to the other cell lines tested, with IC50 values ranging from 16.5 nmol/l (T-2 toxin) to 4,500 nmol/l (DON). The results suggest that the current focus of cytotoxicological studies on trichothecenes on lymphoid cell lines may lead to an underestimate of their potential on other target cell systems. PMID:23604982

Nielsen, Carina; Casteel, Maximilian; Didier, Andrea; Dietrich, Richard; Märtlbauer, Erwin

2009-06-01

160

Respiratory epithelial cell lines exposed to anoxia produced inflammatory mediator  

PubMed Central

Human epithelial cell lines were utilized to examine the effects of anoxia on cellular growth and metabolism. Three normal human epithelial cells lines (A549, NHBE, and BEAS-2B) as well as a cystic fibrosis cell line (IB3-1) and its mutation corrected cell line (C38) were grown in the presence and absence of oxygen for varying periods of time. Interleukin-8 (IL-8) levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay technique. Cellular metabolism and proliferation were assayed by determining mitochondrial oxidative burst activity by tetrazolium compound reduction. The viability of cells was indirectly measured by lactate dehydrogenase release. A549, NHBE, and BEAS-2B cells cultured in the absence of oxygen showed a progressive decrease in metabolic activity and cell proliferation after one to three days. There was a concomitant increase in IL-8 production. Cell lines from cystic fibrosis (CF) patients did not show a similar detrimental effect of anoxia. However, the IL-8 level was significantly increased only in IB3-1 cells exposed to anoxia after two days. Anoxia appears to affect certain airway epithelial cell lines uniquely with decreased cellular proliferation and a concomitant increased production of a cytokine with neutrophilic chemotactic activity. The increased ability of the CF cell line to respond to anoxia with increased secretion of inflammatory cytokines may contribute to the inflammatory damage seen in CF bronchial airway. This study indicates the need to use different cell lines in in vitro studies investigating the role of epithelial cells in airway inflammation and the effects of environmental influences. PMID:23301190

Shahriary, Cyrus M.; Nussbaum, Eliezer

2012-01-01

161

Cell line models for differentiation: preadipocytes and adipocytes.  

PubMed

In vitro models have been invaluable in determining the mechanisms involved in adipocyte proliferation, differentiation, adipokine secretion and gene/protein expression. The cells presently available for research purposes all have unique advantages and disadvantages that one should be aware of when selecting cells. Established cell lines, such as 3T3-L1 cells, are easier and less costly to use than freshly isolated cells, even though freshly isolated cells allow for various comparisons such as the in vitro evaluation of different in vivo conditions that may not be possible using cell lines. Moreover, stem cells, transdifferentiated cells or dedifferentiated cells are relatively new cell models being evaluated for the study of adipocyte regulation and physiology. The focus of this brief review is to highlight similarities and differences in adipocyte models to aid in appropriate model selection and data interpretation for successful advancement of our understanding of adipocyte biology. PMID:20864461

Poulos, Sylvia P; Dodson, Michael V; Hausman, Gary J

2010-10-01

162

Establishment of a Human Thymic Myoid Cell Line  

PubMed Central

The subset of myoid cells is a normal component of the thymic stroma. To characterize these cells, we immortalized stromal cells from human thymus by using a plasmid vector encoding the SV40 T oncogene. Among the eight cell lines obtained, one had myoid characteristics including desmin and troponin antigens. This new line was designated MITC (myoid immortalized thymic cells). These cells expressed both the fetal and adult forms of muscle acetylcholine receptor (AChR) at the mRNA level, as well as the myogenic transcription factor MyoD1. ?-Subunit AChR protein expression was detected by flow cytometry and the AChR was functional in patch-clamp studies. In addition, AChR expression was down-modulated by myasthenia gravis sera or by monoclonal antibody anti-AChR on MITC line similarly to TE671 rhabdomyosarcoma cells, making the MITC line an interesting tool for AChR antigenic modulation experiments. Finally, the MITC line expressed LFA-3, produced several cytokines able to act on T cells, and protected total thymocytes from spontaneous apoptosis in vitro. These results are compatible with a role of thymic myoid cells in some steps of thymocyte development. Therefore MITC line appears to be a useful tool to investigate the physiological role of thymic myoid cells. PMID:10514405

Wakkach, Abdel; Poea, Sandrine; Chastre, Eric; Gespach, Christian; Lecerf, Florence; De la Porte, Sabine; Tzartos, Socrates; Coulombe, Alain; Berrih-Aknin, Sonia

1999-01-01

163

Adaptive response induction and variation in human lymphoblastoid cell lines.  

PubMed

Adaptive response is a term used to describe the ability of a low, priming dose of ionizing radiation to modify the effects of a subsequent higher, challenge dose, but it has been observed to be highly variable in both presence and magnitude. To examine this variability, 10 human lymphoblastoid cell lines were screened for adaptability to 137Cs radiation by determining the frequency of micronuclei in binucleated cells. Of these, six adapted, three did not adapt and one was synergistic. The assay was then repeated on each of the cell lines to test for reproducibility. Five cell lines showed the same result both times; four of these adapted and one did not. To determine whether fluctuations in the cell cycle distribution in the irradiated population of cells could alter the adaptive response, and therefore explain some of the observed variability, two of the cell lines were tested for adaptation after enriching the population, by synchronization, for a given cell cycle stage. In both cell lines, the direction of the response was altered when the distribution of cells within the cell cycle was changed, suggesting that the adaptive response can be affected by cell cycle stage at the time of irradiation. PMID:12160888

Sorensen, Karen J; Attix, Cristina M; Christian, Allen T; Wyrobek, Andrew J; Tucker, James D

2002-08-26

164

Quantitative methods to characterize morphological properties of cell lines.  

PubMed

Descriptive terms are often used to characterize cells in culture, but the use of nonquantitative and poorly defined terms can lead to ambiguities when comparing data from different laboratories. Although recently there has been a good deal of interest in unambiguous identification of cell lines via their genetic markers, it is also critical to have definitive, quantitative metrics to describe cell phenotypic characteristics. Quantitative metrics of cell phenotype will aid the comparison of data from experiments performed at different times and in different laboratories where influences such as the age of the population and differences in culture conditions or protocols can potentially affect cellular metabolic state and gene expression in the absence of changes in the genetic profile. Here, we present examples of robust methodologies for quantitatively assessing characteristics of cell morphology and cell-cell interactions, and of growth rates of cells within the population. We performed these analyses with endothelial cell lines derived from dolphin, bovine and human, and with a mouse fibroblast cell line. These metrics quantify some characteristics of these cells lines that clearly distinguish them from one another, and provide quantitative information on phenotypic changes in one of the cell lines over large number of passages. PMID:22619183

Mancia, Annalaura; Elliott, John T; Halter, Michael; Bhadriraju, Kiran; Tona, Alessandro; Spurlin, Tighe A; Middlebrooks, Bobby L; Baatz, John E; Warr, Gregory W; Plant, Anne L

2012-07-01

165

Establishment of Human Colon Cancer Cell Lines from Fresh Tumors versus Xenografts: Comparison of Success Rate and Cell Line Features  

Microsoft Academic Search

Obtaining representative human colon cancer cell lines from fresh tumors is technically difficult. Using 32 tumor fragments from patients with colon cancer, the present study shows that prior xenograft leads to more efficient cell line establishment compared with direct establishment from fresh tumors (P < 0.05). From 26 tumor specimens, we successfully established 20 tumor xenografts in nude mice (77%);

Virginie Dangles-Marie; Marc Pocard; Sophie Richon; Louis-Bastien Weiswald; Jean-Gabriel Judde; Jean-Louis Janneau; Nathalie Auger; Pierre Validire; Bernard Dutrillaux; Francoise Praz; Dominique Bellet; Marie-France Poupon; Departement de Biologie

2007-01-01

166

Establishment and characterization of a bovine rectal myxoma cell line.  

PubMed

A new bovine cell line was developed from tumor biopsy material of rectum obtained from clinical case of 7 years old cattle with tumor mass obliterating the rectal opening. Histopathology of tumor revealed scattered stellate cells arranged singly or in clusters in loose mucinous ground substance, simulating myxoma. The cells obtained from tumor mass have been cultured for more than 36 months in DMEM supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS). The population doubling time of this cell line was about 20.64h. The cytogenetic analysis revealed several chromosomal abnormalities with bizarre karyotype. The origin of the cell line was confirmed by PCR amplification of 1086bp fragment of 16s rRNA using bovine species specific primers. The new cell line would act as in vitro model to study many aspect of cancer biology such as tumor development, differentiation and therapeutics regimen to combat cancer. PMID:25441618

Sahoo, Aditya P; Tiwari, Ashok K; Ravi Kumar, G; Chaturvedi, U; Veer Singh, Lakshya; Saxena, Shikha; Palia, S K; Jadon, N S; Singh, R; Singh, K P; Brahmaprakash, B S; Maiti, S K; Das, A K

2015-02-01

167

Breast cancer cell lines carry cell line-specific genomic alterations that are distinct from aberrations in breast cancer tissues: Comparison of the CGH profiles between cancer cell lines and primary cancer tissues  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Cell lines are commonly used in various kinds of biomedical research in the world. However, it remains uncertain whether genomic alterations existing in primary tumor tissues are represented in cell lines and whether cell lines carry cell line-specific genomic alterations. This study was performed to answer these questions. METHODS: Array-based comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) was employed with 4030 bacterial

Katumi Tsuji; Shigeto Kawauchi; Soichiro Saito; Tomoko Furuya; Kenzo Ikemoto; Motonao Nakao; Shigeru Yamamoto; Masaaki Oka; Takashi Hirano; Kohsuke Sasaki

2010-01-01

168

Deriving Cell Lines from Zebrafish Embryos and Tumors  

PubMed Central

Abstract Over the last two decades the zebrafish has emerged as a powerful model organism in science. The experimental accessibility, the broad range of zebrafish mutants, and the highly conserved genetic and biochemical pathways between zebrafish and mammals lifted zebrafish to become one of the most attractive vertebrate models to study gene function and to model human diseases. Zebrafish cell lines are highly attractive to investigate cell biology and zebrafish cell lines complement the experimental tools that are available already. We established a straightforward method to culture cells from a single zebrafish embryo or a single tumor. Here we describe the generation of fibroblast-like cell lines from wild-type and ptenb?/? embryos and an endothelial-like cell line from a tumor of an adult ptena+/?ptenb?/? zebrafish. This protocol can easily be adapted to establish stable cell lines from any mutant or transgenic zebrafish line and the average time to obtain a pro-stable cell line is 3–5 months. PMID:23672287

Choorapoikayil, Suma; Overvoorde, John

2013-01-01

169

Development of a conditionally immortalized human pancreatic ? cell line  

PubMed Central

Diabetic patients exhibit a reduction in ? cells, which secrete insulin to help regulate glucose homeostasis; however, little is known about the factors that regulate proliferation of these cells in human pancreas. Access to primary human ? cells is limited and a challenge for both functional studies and drug discovery progress. We previously reported the generation of a human ? cell line (EndoC-?H1) that was generated from human fetal pancreas by targeted oncogenesis followed by in vivo cell differentiation in mice. EndoC-?H1 cells display many functional properties of adult ? cells, including expression of ? cell markers and insulin secretion following glucose stimulation; however, unlike primary ? cells, EndoC-?H1 cells continuously proliferate. Here, we devised a strategy to generate conditionally immortalized human ? cell lines based on Cre-mediated excision of the immortalizing transgenes. The resulting cell line (EndoC-?H2) could be massively amplified in vitro. After expansion, transgenes were efficiently excised upon Cre expression, leading to an arrest of cell proliferation and pronounced enhancement of ? cell–specific features such as insulin expression, content, and secretion. Our data indicate that excised EndoC-?H2 cells are highly representative of human ? cells and should be a valuable tool for further analysis of human ? cells. PMID:24667639

Scharfmann, Raphaël; Pechberty, Severine; Hazhouz, Yasmine; von Bülow, Manon; Bricout-Neveu, Emilie; Grenier-Godard, Maud; Guez, Fanny; Rachdi, Latif; Lohmann, Matthias; Czernichow, Paul; Ravassard, Philippe

2014-01-01

170

Generation and characterization of human insulin-releasing cell lines  

PubMed Central

Background The in vitro culture of insulinomas provides an attractive tool to study cell proliferation and insulin synthesis and secretion. However, only a few human beta cell lines have been described, with long-term passage resulting in loss of insulin secretion. Therefore, we set out to establish and characterize human insulin-releasing cell lines. Results We generated ex-vivo primary cultures from two independent human insulinomas and from a human nesidioblastosis, all of which were cultured up to passage number 20. All cell lines secreted human insulin and C-peptide. These cell lines expressed neuroendocrine and islets markers, confirming the expression profile found in the biopsies. Although all beta cell lineages survived an anchorage independent culture, none of them were able to invade an extracellular matrix substrate. Conclusion We have established three human insulin-releasing cell lines which maintain antigenic characteristics and insulin secretion profiles of the original tumors. These cell lines represent valuable tools for the study of molecular events underlying beta cell function and dysfunction. PMID:19545371

Labriola, Leticia; Peters, Maria G; Krogh, Karin; Stigliano, Iván; Terra, Letícia F; Buchanan, Cecilia; Machado, Marcel CC; Joffé, Elisa Bal de Kier; Puricelli, Lydia; Sogayar, Mari C

2009-01-01

171

Cancer stem cell-like cells exist in mucoepidermoid carcinoma cell line MC3.  

PubMed

Strong evidence for the presence of cancer stem cells (CSCs) in tumors exists. CSCs play an important role in the development, invasion, and drug resistance of carcinoma. Poorly differentiated mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) is a lethal malignancy of human salivary gland tumors. However, whether there are CSCs in MEC and their phenotypes remains unclear. We isolated side population (SP) and sphere-forming cells from the MEC cell line MC3 and identified their characteristics. The results showed that sphere-forming assays could enrich stem cell-like cells, with this group of cells exhibiting high cloning efficiency, possessing strong tumorigenic ability, and highly expressing Oct4 based on PCR and immunocytochemistry assays. They also highly expressed CD44 and lowly expressed CD24 according to PCR, immunocytochemistry assays, and fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis. Higher cloning efficiency was observed in the SP cells, but PCR revealed that the SP and non-SP cells did not statistically differ in their expression of ABCG2, Oct4, CD44, and CD24. In spite of these, the findings were not conclusive on whether SP cells are stem cell-like cells. In conclusion, CSC-like cells do exist in the MC3 cell line, and sphere-forming assays could enrich them, sphere-forming and SP cells are not the same kind of cell subpopulations, and the characteristics of SP cells need to be further investigated. PMID:24139417

Zhang, Louqiang; Xia, Yichao; Li, Longjiang; Wang, Yin; Liu, Ying; Li, Chunjie; Yu, Tao

2012-01-01

172

Changes in gene expression profile in two multidrug resistant cell lines derived from a same drug sensitive cell line.  

PubMed

Resistance to chemotherapy is one of the most relevant aspects of treatment failure in cancer. Cell lines are used as models to study resistance. We analyzed the transcriptional profile of two multidrug resistant (MDR) cell lines (Lucena 1 and FEPS) derived from the same drug-sensitive cell K562. Microarray data identified 130 differentially expressed genes (DEG) between K562 vs. Lucena 1, 1932 between K562 vs. FEPS, and 1211 between Lucena 1 versus FEPS. The NOTCH pathway was affected in FEPS with overexpression of NOTCH2 and HEY1. The highly overexpressed gene in MDR cell lines was ABCB1, and both presented the ABCB1 promoter unmethylated. PMID:24996974

Moreira, Miguel Angelo Martins; Bagni, Carolina; de Pinho, Marcos Barcelos; Mac-Cormick, Thaís Messias; dos Santos Mota, Mateus; Pinto-Silva, Flávio Eduardo; Daflon-Yunes, Nathalia; Rumjanek, Vivian Mary

2014-08-01

173

Ganglioside composition of the rat choriocarcinoma cell line, Rcho-1  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Rcho-1 cell line, originally established from a rat choriocarcinoma, shows differentiation into placental trophoblastic giant cell-like cells and has been used to study the mechanism of placental function control. In the present study, we analysed the ganglioside composition of Rcho-1 cells by HPTLC orcinol\\/H2SO4, TLC\\/immunostaining and immunohistochemistry. Rcho-1 cells expressed GM3 and GD3 as the major gangliosides and CTH

Takamitsu Shirai; Saki Itonori; Tadashi Tai; Michael J. Soares; Kunio Shiota; Tomoya Ogawa

1996-01-01

174

The Pursuit of ES Cell Lines of Domesticated Ungulates  

Microsoft Academic Search

In contrast to differentiated cells, embryonic stem cells (ESC) maintain an undifferentiated state, have the ability to self-renew,\\u000a and exhibit pluripotency, i.e., they can give rise to most if not all somatic cell types and to the germ cells, egg and sperm.\\u000a These characteristics make ES cell lines important resources for the advancement of human regenerative medicine, and, if established

Neil C. Talbot; Le Ann Blomberg

2008-01-01

175

Single Cell Profiling of Circulating Tumor Cells: Transcriptional Heterogeneity and Diversity from Breast Cancer Cell Lines  

PubMed Central

Background To improve cancer therapy, it is critical to target metastasizing cells. Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are rare cells found in the blood of patients with solid tumors and may play a key role in cancer dissemination. Uncovering CTC phenotypes offers a potential avenue to inform treatment. However, CTC transcriptional profiling is limited by leukocyte contamination; an approach to surmount this problem is single cell analysis. Here we demonstrate feasibility of performing high dimensional single CTC profiling, providing early insight into CTC heterogeneity and allowing comparisons to breast cancer cell lines widely used for drug discovery. Methodology/Principal Findings We purified CTCs using the MagSweeper, an immunomagnetic enrichment device that isolates live tumor cells from unfractionated blood. CTCs that met stringent criteria for further analysis were obtained from 70% (14/20) of primary and 70% (21/30) of metastatic breast cancer patients; none were captured from patients with non-epithelial cancer (n?=?20) or healthy subjects (n?=?25). Microfluidic-based single cell transcriptional profiling of 87 cancer-associated and reference genes showed heterogeneity among individual CTCs, separating them into two major subgroups, based on 31 highly expressed genes. In contrast, single cells from seven breast cancer cell lines were tightly clustered together by sample ID and ER status. CTC profiles were distinct from those of cancer cell lines, questioning the suitability of such lines for drug discovery efforts for late stage cancer therapy. Conclusions/Significance For the first time, we directly measured high dimensional gene expression in individual CTCs without the common practice of pooling such cells. Elevated transcript levels of genes associated with metastasis NPTN, S100A4, S100A9, and with epithelial mesenchymal transition: VIM, TGFß1, ZEB2, FOXC1, CXCR4, were striking compared to cell lines. Our findings demonstrate that profiling CTCs on a cell-by-cell basis is possible and may facilitate the application of ‘liquid biopsies’ to better model drug discovery. PMID:22586443

Coram, Marc A.; Reddy, Anupama; Deng, Glenn; Telli, Melinda L.; Advani, Ranjana H.; Carlson, Robert W.; Mollick, Joseph A.; Sheth, Shruti; Kurian, Allison W.; Ford, James M.; Stockdale, Frank E.; Quake, Stephen R.; Pease, R. Fabian; Mindrinos, Michael N.; Bhanot, Gyan; Dairkee, Shanaz H.; Davis, Ronald W.; Jeffrey, Stefanie S.

2012-01-01

176

Vaccine production: upstream processing with adherent or suspension cell lines.  

PubMed

The production of viral vaccines in cell culture can be accomplished with primary, diploid, or continuous (transformed) cell lines. Each cell line, each virus type, and each vaccine preparation require the specific design of upstream and downstream processing. Media have to be selected as well as production vessels, cultivation conditions, and modes of operation. Many viruses only replicate to high titers in adherently growing cells, but similar to processes established for recombinant protein production, an increasing number of suspension cell lines is being evaluated for future use. Here, we describe key issues to be considered for the establishment of large-scale virus production in bioreactors. As an example upstream processing of cell culture-derived influenza virus production is described in more detail for adherently growing and for suspension cells. In particular, use of serum-containing, serum-free, and chemically defined media as well as choice of cultivation vessel are considered. PMID:24297427

Genzel, Yvonne; Rödig, Jana; Rapp, Erdmann; Reichl, Udo

2014-01-01

177

Engineering cultured insulin-secreting pancreatic B-cell lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite many triumphs, a significant limitation of the usefulness of many of the available B-cell lines for the study of\\u000a insulin secretion are either inappropriate or lack of responsiveness to glucose. Commonly employed cell lines generated prior\\u000a to the 1990s following X-ray irradiation (RINm5F cells) or simian virus 40 B-cell transformation (HIT-T15 cells and BTC) fall\\u000a into this category. More

Neville H. McClenaghan; P. R. Flatt

1999-01-01

178

Radiation sensitivity of human lung cancer cell lines.  

PubMed

X-Ray survival curves were determined using a panel of 17 human lung cancer cell lines, with emphasis on non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In contrast to classic small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cell lines, NSCLC cell lines were generally less sensitive to radiation as evidenced by higher radiation survival curve extrapolation numbers, surviving fraction values following a 2 Gy dose (SF2) and the mean inactivation dose values (D) values. The spectrum of in vitro radiation responses observed was similar to that expected in clinical practice, although mesothelioma was unexpectedly sensitive in vitro. Differences in radiosensitivity were best distinguished by comparison of SF2 values. Some NSCLC lines were relatively sensitive, and in view of this demonstrable variability in radiation sensitivity, the SF2 value may be useful for in vitro predictive assay testing of clinical specimens. PMID:2539297

Carmichael, J; Degraff, W G; Gamson, J; Russo, D; Gazdar, A F; Levitt, M L; Minna, J D; Mitchell, J B

1989-03-01

179

Establishment and Characterization of Rat Portal Myofibroblast Cell Lines  

PubMed Central

The major sources of scar-forming myofibroblasts during liver fibrosis are activated hepatic stellate cells (HSC) and portal fibroblasts (PF). In contrast to well-characterized HSC, PF remain understudied and poorly defined. This is largely due to the facts that isolation of rodent PF for functional studies is technically challenging and that PF cell lines had not been established. To address this, we have generated two polyclonal portal myofibroblast cell lines, RGF and RGF-N2. RGF and RGF-N2 were established from primary PF isolated from adult rat livers that underwent culture activation and subsequent SV40-mediated immortalization. Specifically, Ntpdase2/Cd39l1-sorted primary PF were used to generate the RGF-N2 cell line. Both cell lines were functionally characterized by RT-PCR, immunofluorescence, immunoblot and bromodeoxyuridine-based proliferation assay. First, immortalized RGF and RGF-N2 cells are positive for phenotypic myofibroblast markers alpha smooth muscle actin, type I collagen alpha-1, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1, PF-specific markers elastin, type XV collagen alpha-1 and Ntpdase2/Cd39l1, and mesenchymal cell marker ecto-5’-nucleotidase/Cd73, while negative for HSC-specific markers desmin and lecithin retinol acyltransferase. Second, both RGF and RGF-N2 cell lines are readily transfectable using standard methods. Finally, RGF and RGF-N2 cells attenuate the growth of Mz-ChA-1 cholangiocarcinoma cells in co-culture, as previously demonstrated for primary PF. Immortalized rat portal myofibroblast RGF and RGF-N2 cell lines express typical markers of activated PF-derived myofibroblasts, are suitable for DNA transfection, and can effectively inhibit cholangiocyte proliferation. Both RGF and RGF-N2 cell lines represent novel in vitro cellular models for the functional studies of portal (myo)fibroblasts and their contribution to the progression of liver fibrosis. PMID:25822334

Fausther, Michel; Goree, Jessica R.; Lavoie, Élise G.; Graham, Alicia L.; Sévigny, Jean; Dranoff, Jonathan A.

2015-01-01

180

Establishment and characterization of rat portal myofibroblast cell lines.  

PubMed

The major sources of scar-forming myofibroblasts during liver fibrosis are activated hepatic stellate cells (HSC) and portal fibroblasts (PF). In contrast to well-characterized HSC, PF remain understudied and poorly defined. This is largely due to the facts that isolation of rodent PF for functional studies is technically challenging and that PF cell lines had not been established. To address this, we have generated two polyclonal portal myofibroblast cell lines, RGF and RGF-N2. RGF and RGF-N2 were established from primary PF isolated from adult rat livers that underwent culture activation and subsequent SV40-mediated immortalization. Specifically, Ntpdase2/Cd39l1-sorted primary PF were used to generate the RGF-N2 cell line. Both cell lines were functionally characterized by RT-PCR, immunofluorescence, immunoblot and bromodeoxyuridine-based proliferation assay. First, immortalized RGF and RGF-N2 cells are positive for phenotypic myofibroblast markers alpha smooth muscle actin, type I collagen alpha-1, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1, PF-specific markers elastin, type XV collagen alpha-1 and Ntpdase2/Cd39l1, and mesenchymal cell marker ecto-5'-nucleotidase/Cd73, while negative for HSC-specific markers desmin and lecithin retinol acyltransferase. Second, both RGF and RGF-N2 cell lines are readily transfectable using standard methods. Finally, RGF and RGF-N2 cells attenuate the growth of Mz-ChA-1 cholangiocarcinoma cells in co-culture, as previously demonstrated for primary PF. Immortalized rat portal myofibroblast RGF and RGF-N2 cell lines express typical markers of activated PF-derived myofibroblasts, are suitable for DNA transfection, and can effectively inhibit cholangiocyte proliferation. Both RGF and RGF-N2 cell lines represent novel in vitro cellular models for the functional studies of portal (myo)fibroblasts and their contribution to the progression of liver fibrosis. PMID:25822334

Fausther, Michel; Goree, Jessica R; Lavoie, Élise G; Graham, Alicia L; Sévigny, Jean; Dranoff, Jonathan A

2015-01-01

181

Development and characterization of a largemouth bass cell line.  

PubMed

Abstract The development and characterization of a new cell line, derived from the ovary of Largemouth Bass Micropterus salmoides, is described. Gonad tissue was collected from Largemouth Bass that were electrofished from Oneida Lake, New York. The tissue was processed and grown in culture flasks at approximately 22°C for more than 118 passages during an 8-year period from 2004 to 2011. The identity of these cells as Largemouth Bass origin was confirmed by sequencing a portion of the cytochrome b gene. Growth rate at three different temperatures was documented. The cell line was susceptible to Largemouth Bass virus (LMBV) and its replication was compared with that of Bluegill Lepomis macrochirus fry (BF-2), one of the cell lines recommended for LMBV isolation by the American Fisheries Society Fish Health Section Blue Book. Quantitative PCR results from the replication trial showed the BF-2 cell line produced approximately 10-fold more LMBV copies per cell than the new Largemouth Bass cell line after 6 d, while the titration assay showed similar quantities in each cell line after 1 week. Received February 18, 2014; accepted April 16, 2014. PMID:25229492

Getchell, Rodman G; Groocock, Geoffrey H; Cornwell, Emily R; Schumacher, Vanessa L; Glasner, Lindsay I; Baker, Barry J; Frattini, Stephen A; Wooster, Gregory A; Bowser, Paul R

2014-09-01

182

Establishment and characterization of new human embryonic stem cell lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human embryonic stem cells (hESC), with their ability to differentiate into all cell types in the human body, are likely to play a very important therapeutic role in a variety of neurodegenerative and life-threatening disorders in the near future. Although more than 120 different human embryonic stem cell lines have been reported worldwide, only a handful are currently available for

Necati Findikli; Semra Kahraman; Oya Akcin; Semra Sertyel; Zafer Candan

2005-01-01

183

CHARACTERIZATION OF A SPONTANEOUSLY TRANSFORMED CHICKEN MONONUCLEAR CELL LINE  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

We describe the characterization of a spontaneously transformed chicken monocytic cell line that developed as a single colony of cells in a heterophil culture that was inadvertently left in the incubator over a period of 25 days. These cells, hitherto named HTC, grow efficiently at both 37 C or 41 C...

184

Assessment of cancer cell line representativeness using microarrays for merkel cell carcinoma.  

PubMed

When using cell lines to study cancer, phenotypic similarity to the original tumor is paramount. Yet, little has been done to characterize how closely Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) cell lines model native tumors. To determine their similarity to MCC tumor samples, we characterized MCC cell lines via gene expression microarrays. Using whole transcriptome gene expression signatures and a computational bioinformatic approach, we identified significant differences between variant cell lines (UISO, MCC13, and MCC26) and fresh frozen MCC tumors. Conversely, the classic WaGa and Mkl-1 cell lines more closely represented the global transcriptome of MCC tumors. When compared with publicly available cancer lines, WaGa and Mkl-1 cells were similar to other neuroendocrine tumors, but the variant cell lines were not. WaGa and Mkl-1 cells grown as xenografts in mice had histological and immunophenotypical features consistent with MCC, whereas UISO xenograft tumors were atypical for MCC. Spectral karyotyping and short tandem repeat analysis of the UISO cells matched the original cell line's description, ruling out contamination. Our results validate the use of transcriptome analysis to assess the cancer cell line representativeness and indicate that UISO, MCC13, and MCC26 cell lines are not representative of MCC tumors, whereas WaGa and Mkl-1 more closely model MCC. PMID:25521454

Daily, Kenneth; Coxon, Amy; Williams, Jonathan S; Lee, Chyi-Chia R; Coit, Daniel G; Busam, Klaus J; Brownell, Isaac

2015-04-01

185

A method for establishing cell lines from Drosophila melanogaster embryos.  

PubMed

A simple method is presented for establishing continuous cell lines from Drosophila melanogaster embryos. Subculturing is performed after the first 8 weeks and at 2-week intervals thereafter. Initial plating densities of 5 x 10(4) to 5 x 10(5) cells per cm2 are required for maintaining the subcultures. Cell lines were established from wild-type embryos, from embryos bearing chromosomal rearrangements and from embryos bearing recessive mutations. Permanent lines have doubling times of 24 to 48 hr and have been maintained for as long as 13 months and 25 subcultures. PMID:404233

Petersen, N S; Riggs, A D; Seecof, R L

1977-01-01

186

In situ quantification of microcarrier animal cell cultures using near-infrared spectroscopy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In-line monitoring tools are still required to understand and control animal cell processes, particularly in the case of vaccine production. Here, in situ near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) quantification of components in culture media was performed using microcarrier-based cultivations of adherent Vero cells. Because microcarriers were found to interfere with NIRS spectra acquisition, a suitable and innovative in situ calibration was developed

Emma Petiot; Patrick Bernard-Moulin; Thierry Magadoux; Cécile Gény; Hervé Pinton; Annie Marc

2010-01-01

187

Comparative analysis of cell death induction by Taurolidine in different malignant human cancer cell lines  

PubMed Central

Background Taurolidine (TRD) represents an anti-infective substance with anti-neoplastic activity in many malignant cell lines. So far, the knowledge about the cell death inducing mechanisms and pathways activated by TRD is limited. The aim of this study was therefore, to perform a comparative analysis of cell death induction by TRD simultaneously in different malignant cell lines. Materials and methods Five different malignant cell lines (HT29/Colon, Chang Liver/Liver, HT1080/fibrosarcoma, AsPC-1/pancreas and BxPC-3/pancreas) were incubated with increasing concentrations of TRD (100 ?M, 250 ?M and 1000 ?M) for 6 h and 24 h. Cell viability, apoptosis and necrosis were analyzed by FACS analysis (Propidiumiodide/AnnexinV staining). Additionally, cells were co-incubated with the caspase Inhibitor z-VAD, the radical scavenger N-Acetylcystein (NAC) and the Gluthation depleting agent BSO to examine the contribution of caspase activation and reactive oxygen species in TRD induced cell death. Results All cell lines were susceptible to TRD induced cell death without resistance toward this anti-neoplastic agent. However, the dose response effects were varying largely between different cell lines. The effect of NAC and BSO co-treatment were highly different among cell lines - suggesting a cell line specific involvement of ROS in TRD induced cell death. Furthermore, impact of z-VAD mediated inhibition of caspases was differing strongly among the cell lines. Conclusion This is the first study providing a simultaneous evaluation of the anti-neoplastic action of TRD across several malignant cell lines. The involvement of ROS and caspase activation was highly variable among the five cell lines, although all were susceptible to TRD induced cell death. Our results indicate, that TRD is likely to provide multifaceted cell death mechanisms leading to a cell line specific diversity. PMID:20205945

2010-01-01

188

Formation of germ-line chimaeras from embryo-derived teratocarcinoma cell lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent availability in culture of embryo-derived pluripotential cells which exhibit both a normal karyotype and a high differentiative ability1-3 has encouraged us to assess the potential of these cells to form functional germ cells following their incorporation into chimaeric mice. We report here the results of blastocyst injection studies using three independently isolated XY embryo-derived cell lines (EK.CP1, EK.CC1.1

Allan Bradley; Martin Evans; Matthew H. Kaufman; Elizabeth Robertson

1984-01-01

189

Comparative analysis of cell death induction by Taurolidine in different malignant human cancer cell lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Taurolidine (TRD) represents an anti-infective substance with anti-neoplastic activity in many malignant cell lines. So far, the knowledge about the cell death inducing mechanisms and pathways activated by TRD is limited. The aim of this study was therefore, to perform a comparative analysis of cell death induction by TRD simultaneously in different malignant cell lines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five

Ansgar M Chromik; Adrien Daigeler; Daniel Bulut; Annegret Flier; Christina May; Kamran Harati; Jan Roschinsky; Dominique Sülberg; Peter R Ritter; Ulrich Mittelkötter; Stephan A Hahn; Waldemar Uhl

2010-01-01

190

Establishment of a highly metastatic tongue squamous cell carcinoma cell line from New Zealand White rabbit  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivePrior to this study, the widely used tongue squamous cell carcinoma cell lines could only initiate tumours in immunodeficient mice, which greatly delayed studies on immune function during carcinogenesis. This study established a new tongue squamous cell carcinoma cell line named ‘RSCC-1’, which can initiate tumours in both immunocompetent rabbits and immunodeficient nude mice and has high metastatic ability.

Jin Wulong; Liang Zhou; Zhou Xiaojian; Tian Jie; Guo Huilin

2008-01-01

191

DEVELOPMENT OF A BRAIN METASTATIC CANINE PROSTATE CANCER CELL LINE  

PubMed Central

Background Prostate cancer in men has a high mortality and morbidity due to metastatic disease. The pathobiology of prostate cancer metastasis is not well understood and cell lines and animal models that recapitulate the complex nature of the disease are needed. Therefore, the goal of the study was to establish and characterize a new prostate cancer line derived from a dog with spontaneous prostate cancer. Methods A new cell line (Leo) was derived from a dog with spontaneous prostate cancer. Immunohistochemistry and PCR were used to characterize the primary prostate cancer and xenografts in nude mice. Subcutaneous tumor growth and metastases in nude mice were evaluated by bioluminescent imaging, radiography and histopathology. In vitro chemosensitivity of Leo cells to therapeutic agents was measured. Results Leo cells expressed the secretory epithelial cytokeratins (CK) 8, 18 and ductal cell marker, CK7. The cell line grew in vitro (over 75 passages) and was tumorigenic in the subcutis of nude mice. Following intracardiac injection, Leo cells metastasized to the brain, spinal cord, bone, and adrenal gland. The incidence of metastases was greatest to the central nervous system (80%) with a lower incidence to bone (20%) and the adrenal glands (16%). In vitro chemosensitivity assays demonstrated that Leo cells were sensitive to velcade and an HDAC-42 inhibitor with IC50 concentrations of 1.9 nM and 0.95 ?M respectively. Conclusion The new prostate cancer cell line (Leo) will be a valuable model to investigate the mechanisms of the brain and bone metastases. PMID:21321976

Thudi, Nanda K.; Shu, Sherry T.; Martin, Chelsea K.; Lanigan, Lisa G.; Nadella, Murali V.P.; Van Bokhoven, Adrie; Werbeck, Jillian L.; Simmons, Jessica K.; Murahari, Sridhar; Kisseberth, William C.; Breen, Matthew; Williams, Christina; Chen, Ching-Shih; McCauley, Laurie K.; Keller, Evan T.; Rosol, Thomas J.

2010-01-01

192

MORPHOMETRIC SUBTYPING FOR A PANEL OF BREAST CANCER CELL LINES  

PubMed Central

A panel of cell lines of diverse molecular background offers an improved model system for high-content screening, comparative analysis, and cell systems biology. A computational pipeline has been developed to collect images from cell-based assays, segment individual cells and colonies, represent segmented objects in a multidimensional space, and cluster them for identifying distinct subpopulations. While each segmentation strategy can vary for different imaging assays, representation and subpopulation analysis share a common thread. Application of this pipeline to a library of 41 breast cancer cell lines is demonstrated. These cell lines are grown in 2D and imaged through immunofluorescence microscopy. Subpopulations in this panel are identified and shown to correlate with previous subtyping literature that was derived from transcript data. PMID:20011457

Han, Ju; Chang, Hang; Fontenay, Gerald; Wang, Nicholas J.; Gray, Joe W.; Parvin, Bahram

2009-01-01

193

MORPHOMETRIC SUBTYPING FOR A PANEL OF BREAST CANCER CELL LINES  

SciTech Connect

A panel of cell lines of diverse molecular background offers an improved model system for high-content screening, comparative analysis, and cell systems biology. A computational pipeline has been developed to collect images from cell-based assays, segment individual cells and colonies, represent segmented objects in a multidimensional space, and cluster them for identifying distinct subpopulations. While each segmentation strategy can vary for different imaging assays, representation and subpopulation analysis share a common thread. Application of this pipeline to a library of 41 breast cancer cell lines is demonstrated. These cell lines are grown in 2D and imaged through immunofluorescence microscopy. Subpopulations in this panel are identified and shown to correlate with previous subtyping literature that was derived from transcript data.

Han, Ju; Chang, Hang; Fontenay, Gerald; Wang, Nicholas J.; Gray, Joe W.; Parvin, Bahram

2009-05-08

194

Effects of ethanol on an intestinal epithelial cell line  

SciTech Connect

The effect of exposure of an intestinal epithelial cell line to various concentrations of ethanol (217 mM (1%) to 652 mM (3%)) during 24, 48, and 72 hr was investigated in vitro using a rat intestinal epithelial cell line (IRD 98). Incubation of these cells in the presence of ethanol significantly decreased cell growth. This inhibition was accompanied by a strong increase in cellular protein. Stimulation of specific disaccharidases, gamma-glutamyl transferase, and aminopeptidase activities by ethanol was dose- and time-dependent. Ethanol induces a change in the relative proportions of the different lipid classes synthesized; triglycerides, fatty acids, and cholesterol esters were preferentially synthethysed. Our findings show that cell lines are good models for investigation of the effects of ethanol, and that alcohol considerably modifies the functions of intestinal epithelial cells.

Nano, J.L.; Cefai, D.; Rampal, P. (Laboratoire de Gastroenterologie et de Nutrition, U.E.R. de Medecine, Nice (France))

1990-02-01

195

The polyGeVero® software for fast and easy computation of 3D radiotherapy dosimetry data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The polyGeVero® software package was elaborated for calculations of 3D dosimetry data such as the polymer gel dosimetry. It comprises four workspaces designed for: i) calculating calibrations, ii) storing calibrations in a database, iii) calculating dose distribution 3D cubes, iv) comparing two datasets e.g. a measured one with a 3D dosimetry with a calculated one with the aid of a treatment planning system. To accomplish calculations the software was equipped with a number of tools such as the brachytherapy isotopes database, brachytherapy dose versus distance calculation based on the line approximation approach, automatic spatial alignment of two 3D dose cubes for comparison purposes, 3D gamma index, 3D gamma angle, 3D dose difference, Pearson's coefficient, histograms calculations, isodoses superimposition for two datasets, and profiles calculations in any desired direction. This communication is to briefly present the main functions of the software and report on the speed of calculations performed by polyGeVero®.

Kozicki, Marek; Maras, Piotr

2015-01-01

196

Phenotypes and Karyotypes of Human Malignant Mesothelioma Cell Lines  

PubMed Central

Background Malignant mesothelioma is an aggressive tumour of serosal surfaces most commonly pleura. Characterised cell lines represent a valuable tool to study the biology of mesothelioma. The aim of this study was to develop and biologically characterise six malignant mesothelioma cell lines to evaluate their potential as models of human malignant mesothelioma. Methods Five lines were initiated from pleural biopsies, and one from pleural effusion of patients with histologically proven malignant mesothelioma. Mesothelial origin was assessed by standard morphology, Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) and immunocytochemistry. Growth characteristics were assayed using population doubling times. Spectral karyotyping was performed to assess chromosomal abnormalities. Authentication of donor specific derivation was undertaken by DNA fingerprinting using a panel of SNPs. Results Most of cell lines exhibited spindle cell shape, with some retaining stellate shapes. At passage 2 to 6 all lines stained positively for calretinin and cytokeratin 19, and demonstrated capacity for anchorage-independent growth. At passage 4 to 16, doubling times ranged from 30–72 hours, and on spectral karyotyping all lines exhibited numerical chromosomal abnormalities ranging from 41 to 113. Monosomy of chromosomes 8, 14, 22 or 17 was observed in three lines. One line displayed four different karyotypes at passage 8, but only one karyotype at passage 42, and another displayed polyploidy at passage 40 which was not present at early passages. At passages 5–17, TEM showed characteristic features of mesothelioma ultrastructure in all lines including microvilli and tight intercellular junctions. Conclusion These six cell lines exhibit varying cell morphology, a range of doubling times, and show diverse passage-dependent structural chromosomal changes observed in malignant tumours. However they retain characteristic immunocytochemical protein expression profiles of mesothelioma during maintenance in artificial culture systems. These characteristics support their potential as in vitro model systems for studying cellular, molecular and genetic aspects of mesothelioma. PMID:23516439

Relan, Vandana; Morrison, Leanne; Parsonson, Kylie; Clarke, Belinda E.; Duhig, Edwina E.; Windsor, Morgan N.; Matar, Kevin S.; Naidoo, Rishendran; Passmore, Linda; McCaul, Elizabeth; Courtney, Deborah; Yang, Ian A.; Fong, Kwun M.; Bowman, Rayleen V.

2013-01-01

197

METHYLATION OF ARSENITE BY SOME MAMMALIAN CELL LINES  

EPA Science Inventory

THIS ABSTRACT WAS SUBMITTED ELECTRONICALLY;. SPACE CONSTRAINTS WERE SEVERE) Methylation of Arsenite by Some Mammalian Cell Lines. Methylation of arsenite is thought to play an important role in the carcinogenicity of arsenic. Aim 1: Determine if there is diffe...

198

A comprehensive transcriptional portrait of human cancer cell lines.  

PubMed

Tumor-derived cell lines have served as vital models to advance our understanding of oncogene function and therapeutic responses. Although substantial effort has been made to define the genomic constitution of cancer cell line panels, the transcriptome remains understudied. Here we describe RNA sequencing and single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array analysis of 675 human cancer cell lines. We report comprehensive analyses of transcriptome features including gene expression, mutations, gene fusions and expression of non-human sequences. Of the 2,200 gene fusions catalogued, 1,435 consist of genes not previously found in fusions, providing many leads for further investigation. We combine multiple genome and transcriptome features in a pathway-based approach to enhance prediction of response to targeted therapeutics. Our results provide a valuable resource for studies that use cancer cell lines. PMID:25485619

Klijn, Christiaan; Durinck, Steffen; Stawiski, Eric W; Haverty, Peter M; Jiang, Zhaoshi; Liu, Hanbin; Degenhardt, Jeremiah; Mayba, Oleg; Gnad, Florian; Liu, Jinfeng; Pau, Gregoire; Reeder, Jens; Cao, Yi; Mukhyala, Kiran; Selvaraj, Suresh K; Yu, Mamie; Zynda, Gregory J; Brauer, Matthew J; Wu, Thomas D; Gentleman, Robert C; Manning, Gerard; Yauch, Robert L; Bourgon, Richard; Stokoe, David; Modrusan, Zora; Neve, Richard M; de Sauvage, Frederic J; Settleman, Jeffrey; Seshagiri, Somasekar; Zhang, Zemin

2015-03-01

199

Antiproliferative Effect of Solanum nigrum on Human Leukemic Cell Lines  

PubMed Central

Solanum nigrum is used in various traditional medical systems for antiproliferative, antiinflammatory, antiseizure and hepatoprotective activities. We have evaluated organic solvent and aqueous extracts obtained from berries of Solanum nigrum for antiproliferative activity on leukemic cell lines, Jurkat and HL-60 (Human promyelocytic leukemia cells). The cell viability after the treatment with Solanum nigrum extract was measured by MTT (3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide) assay. Results indicated increased cytotoxicity with increasing extract concentrations. Comparative analysis indicated that 50% inhibitory concentration value of methanol extract is the lowest on both cell lines. PMID:23716874

Gabrani, Reema; Jain, Ramya; Sharma, Anjali; Sarethy, Indira P.; Dang, Shweta; Gupta, S.

2012-01-01

200

Reliable in vitro studies require appropriate ovarian cancer cell lines  

PubMed Central

Ovarian cancer is the fifth most common cause of cancer death in women and the leading cause of death from gynaecological malignancies. Of the 75% women diagnosed with locally advanced or disseminated disease, only 30% will survive five years following treatment. This poor prognosis is due to the following reasons: limited understanding of the tumor origin, unclear initiating events and early developmental stages of ovarian cancer, lack of reliable ovarian cancer-specific biomarkers, and drug resistance in advanced cases. In the past, in vitro studies using cell line models have been an invaluable tool for basic, discovery-driven cancer research. However, numerous issues including misidentification and cross-contamination of cell lines have hindered research efforts. In this study we examined all ovarian cancer cell lines available from cell banks. Hereby, we identified inconsistencies in the reporting, difficulties in the identification of cell origin or clinical data of the donor patients, restricted ethnic and histological type representation, and a lack of tubal and peritoneal cancer cell lines. We recommend that all cell lines should be distributed via official cell banks only with strict guidelines regarding the minimal available information required to improve the quality of ovarian cancer research in future. PMID:24936210

2014-01-01

201

A novel mutated cell line with characteristics of dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma.  

PubMed

Dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma (CS) is a rare, highly malignant variant of CS in which a high-grade sarcoma coexists with a low-grade chondroid tumor. In this study, a novel dedifferentiated CS cell line, MS0812, was spontaneously established from mutated human embryonic muscle cells. Several features of the cell line were investigated, including growth characteristics, cytogenetics, electron microscopic features, expression of various antigenic markers and tumor formation. MS0812 has been cultured continuously for more than 3 years. The growth characteristics of MS0812 are similar to the immortalized cell lines as reported. The cell line exhibited complex karyotypes and hyperploidy, the chromosome number ranged from 50 to 158. MS0812 was positive for vimentin, desmin and muscle actin, indicating their muscle origin. With specific inductive condition, MS0812 differentiates into neural cells and adipocytes. Deletion of the p16 gene, which seemed to play a major role in the malignant phenotype of this cell line, was confirmed by PCR and immunocytochemistry. MS0812 formed tumors in nude mice, and the tumor revealed a fibrosarcoma with chondroid components, which were consistent with dedifferentiated CS as reported. Chondroid components showed metachromasia by Alcian blue and toluidine blue and were S100 and collagen-II positive. To our knowledge, this is the first report of the establishment of a human dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma from mutated human embryonic muscle cells, and it is a useful model for the study of the molecular pathogenesis of dedifferentiated CS. PMID:19724881

Yang, Liye; Chen, Qiang; Zhang, Song; Wang, Xianyao; Li, Wenyu; Wen, Jiancheng; Huang, Xiaoping; Zheng, Jiakun; Huang, Ge; Huang, Tianhua; Ju, Guizhi

2009-10-01

202

p53 mutations in human immortalized epithelial cell lines.  

PubMed

Although rodent cells have been immortalized following transfection with a mutant p53 gene, the role of p53 in the immortalization of human cells is unknown. Therefore, human epithelial cell lines were examined for p53 mutations in exons 4-9 which include the evolutionarily conserved regions. A spontaneously immortalized skin keratinocyte cell line, HaCat, and three ras-transfected clones, have a p53 mutational spectrum that is typical of ultraviolet light induced mutations. A normal finite lifespan cell strain (184) and two benzo[a]pyrene immortalized mammary epithelial cell lines derived from 184 (184A1 and 184B5) contain wild type p53 sequences in exons 4-9, although elevated levels of nuclear p53 indicate an alteration in the stability of the normally transient protein. Wild type p53 was found in human bronchial, esophageal and hepatic epithelial cells immortalized by SV40 T antigen gene and human renal epithelial cells immortalized by adenovirus 5. BEAS-2B, an SV40 T antigen immortalized bronchial epithelial cell line and two subclones, have a germline polymorphism at codon 47. Inactivation of p53 by mechanisms such as mutation or complexing with proteins of DNA tumor viruses appears to be important in the immortalization of human epithelial cells. PMID:8504475

Lehman, T A; Modali, R; Boukamp, P; Stanek, J; Bennett, W P; Welsh, J A; Metcalf, R A; Stampfer, M R; Fusenig, N; Rogan, E M

1993-05-01

203

Screening Services – NCI-60 DTP Human Tumor Cell Line Screen  

Cancer.gov

The In Vitro Cell Line Screening Project (IVCLSP) is a dedicated service providing direct support to the DTP anticancer drug discovery program. The in vitro cell line screen was implemented in fully operational form in April of 1990. It required approximately five years (1985 - 1990) to develop, and persistence in the effort reflected dissatisfaction with the performance of prior in vivo primary screens. This project is designed to screen up to 3,000 compounds per year for potential anticancer activity.

204

The Type 1 Alveolar Lining Cells of the Mammalian Lung  

PubMed Central

Using a newly described dissociation and isolation technique, Type 1 alveolar lining cells were obtained from adult rabbit lung within a heterogeneous population. Identification of many lung cell types in this mixed population was by a) comparison of isolated cells with in situ lung cells in lung sections using identical parallel staining, b) stepwise ultrastructural examination of cells during all stages of lung dissociation so that intercellular associations were monitored throughout, and c) Type 1 cell surface changes following collagenase treatment. This phenomenon was studied with both electron and light microscopy, the latter employing tetrachrome staining of basophilic blebs as well as characteristic staining of nucleus and cytoplasm. Following their isolation, most Type 1 cells lost their surface blebs and assumed a “relaxed” state. In this condition, Type 1 cells were exposed to cytochalasin D (CD) for various times and at several concentrations. Surface knobs, having all the characteristics of zeiotic knobs produced in a number of cultured cell lines by exposure to CD, were produced in isolated Type 1 epithelial cells within 45 minutes. The reaction to CD was temperature-dependent, proceeding maximally at 37 C with inhibition at lower temperatures and was inhibited by antimetabolites such as dinitrophenol and 2-deoxyglucose in the presence of CD. As with established cell lines, formation of zeiotic knobs at the isolated Type 1 cell surface appeared closely related to microfilamentous nets located beneath the plasmalemma. The density of this net appeared to vary as isolated Type 1 cells underwent expansion and contraction in response to CD. Zeiotic knobs were formed as the result of herniation of endoplasm through the cell cortex. The significance of such a labile cortical zone is considered in relation to the deformation changes Type 1 cells undergo during inflation-deflation of alveoli and the folding-unfolding of alveolar lining cells as a result of lung volume changes. ImagesFigure 5Figure 6Figure 7Figures 1-3Figure 4Figure 8 PMID:202166

Rosenbaum, Robert M.; Picciano, Paul

1978-01-01

205

Antibodies to major histocompatibility antigens produced by hybrid cell lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

FUSION between myeloma cells and spleen cells from immunised donors has been shown to be a successful method of deriving homogeneous anti-SRBC (anti-sheep red blood cell) and anti-TNP antibodies1,2. One of the most powerful features of this approach is that, by cloning, one may easily derive cell lines synthesising monoclonal antibodies despite using non-purified immunogens. The multiple components of a

G. Galfre; S. C. Howe; C. Milstein; G. W. BUTCHER; J. C. HOWARD

1977-01-01

206

Embryonic germ cell lines and their derivation from mouse primordial germ cells.  

PubMed

When primordial germ cells of the mouse are cultured on feeder layers with the addition of the polypeptide signalling molecules leukaemia inhibitory factor, Steel factor and basic fibroblast growth factor they give rise to cells that resemble undifferentiated blastocyst-derived embryonic stem cells. These primordial germ cell-derived embryonic germ cells (EG cells) can be induced to differentiate extensively in culture and also form teratocarcinomas when injected into nude mice. Additionally, they contribute to chimeras when injected into host blastocysts. We have derived multiple EG cell lines from 8.5 days post coitum (dpc) embryos of C57BL/6 inbred mice. Four independent EG cell lines with normal male karyotypes have formed chimeras (up to 70% coat colour chimerism) when injected into BALB/c host blastocysts. Chimeric mice from all four cell lines are fertile, but only those from one line have transmitted coat colour markers through the germline. Studies have also been carried out to determine whether gonadal primordial germ cells can give rise to pluripotent EG cells. Germ cells from gonads of 15.5 dpc C57BL/6 embryos and newborn mice failed to produce EG cell lines. EG cell lines capable of forming teratocarcinomas and coat colour chimeras have been established from primordial germ cells of 12.5 dpc genital ridges. We are currently testing the genomic imprinting status of the insulin-like growth factor type 2 receptor gene (Igf2r) in our different EG cell lines. PMID:7835148

Labosky, P A; Barlow, D P; Hogan, B L

1994-01-01

207

Efficacy of ribavirin against malignant glioma cell lines  

PubMed Central

Ribavirin (1-?-D-ribofuranosy-1,2,4-triazole-3-carboxamide) has been widely administered as an antiviral agent against RNA and DNA viruses. Ribavirin, in combination with interferon, has predominantly been applied in the treatment of the hepatitis C virus infection and its potential antitumor efficacy has recently become a point of interest. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of ribavirin on the growth of malignant glioma cells, to identify novel predictive genes in malignant glioma cells (by analyzing gene expression profiles) and to assess the influence of ribavirin on the cell cycle of malignant glioma cells. The present study evaluated the antitumor efficacy of ribavirin against various malignant glioma cell lines (A-172, AM-38, T98G, U-87MG, U-138MG, U-251MG and YH-13). After culturing the cells in ribavirin-containing culture medium (final concentration, 0–1,000 ?M) for 72 h, the viable proliferated cells were harvested and counted. The half maximal inhibitory concentration of ribavirin, with regard to the growth of the malignant glioma cell lines, was determined from the concentration of ribavirin required for 50% growth inhibition in comparison to the untreated control cells. Furthermore, the current study identified the genes in which the gene expression levels correlated with the ribavirin sensitivity of the malignant glioma cells lines, using a high-density oligonucleotide array. Finally, cell cycle analysis was performed on the U-87MG cell line. It was identified that ribavirin inhibited the growth of all of the malignant glioma cell lines in a dose-dependent manner, although the ribavirin sensitivity varied between each cell line. Of the extracted genes, PDGFRA demonstrated the strongest positive correlation between gene expression level and ribavirin sensitivity. Cell cycle analysis of the U-87MG cell line demonstrated that ribavirin treatment induces G0/G1 arrest and thus may be an effective agent for inhibiting malignant glioma cell growth. Therefore, the results of the current study indicate that ribavirin may have potential as a therapeutic agent in the treatment of malignant gliomas. PMID:25364409

OGINO, AKIYOSHI; SANO, EMIKO; OCHIAI, YUSHI; YAMAMURO, SHUN; TASHIRO, SHINYA; YACHI, KAZUNARI; OHTA, TAKASHI; FUKUSHIMA, TAKAO; OKAMOTO, YUTAKA; TSUMOTO, KOUHEI; UEDA, TAKUYA; YOSHINO, ATSUO; KATAYAMA, YOICHI

2014-01-01

208

76 FR 16609 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Identification of Human Cell Lines Project  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Comment Request; Identification of Human Cell Lines Project AGENCY: National Institute...repeat (STR) profiling up to 1500 human cell line samples as part of the Identification of Human Cell Lines Project. All data and...

2011-03-24

209

Hypothalamic cell lines to investigate neuroendocrine control mechanisms.  

PubMed

The hypothalamus is the control center for most physiological processes; yet has been difficult to study due to the inherent heterogeneity of this brain region. For this reason, researchers have turned towards cell models. Primary hypothalamic cultures are difficult to maintain, are heterogeneous neuronal and glial cell populations and often contain a minimal number of viable peptide-secreting neurons. In contrast, immortalized, clonal cell lines represent an unlimited, homogeneous population of neurons that can be manipulated using a number of elegant molecular techniques. Cell line studies and in vivo experimentation are complementary and together provide a powerful tool to drive scientific discovery. This review focuses on three key neuroendocrine systems: energy homeostasis, reproduction, and circadian rhythms; and the use of hypothalamic cell lines to dissect the complex pathways utilized by individual neurons in these systems. PMID:19341762

Mayer, Christopher M; Fick, Laura J; Gingerich, Sarah; Belsham, Denise D

2009-08-01

210

BHD Tumor Cell Line and UOK257-2 wild type FLCN-restored Renal Cell Line  

Cancer.gov

Center for Cancer Research, Urologic Oncology Branch is seeking statements of capability or interest from parties interested in collaborative research to further develop, evaluate, or commercialize kidney cancer tumor cell lines.

211

Rabeprazole exhibits antiproliferative effects on human gastric cancer cell lines  

PubMed Central

Intracellular proton extrusion in gastric cancer cells has been reported to promote cancer cell survival under acidic conditions via hydrogen/potassium adenosine triphosphatase (H+/K+-ATPase). Rabeprazole is a frequently used second-generation proton pump inhibitor (PPI) that irreversibly inactivates gastric H+/K+-ATPase. Therefore, we hypothesized that rabeprazole could reduce the viability of gastric cancer cells. In the present study, four human gastric cancer cell lines and one non-cancer gastric cell line were cultured. Cell viability, the ?- and ?-subunits of H+/K+-ATPase and cellular apoptosis were analyzed by dye exclusion assay, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate/propidium iodide staining, respectively. The expression level of total extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase 1/2 (ERK 1/2) and phosphorylated-ERK protein was detected by western blot analysis. Gastric cancer cell lines were more tolerant of the acidic culture media than non-cancer cells. Administration of rabeprazole led to a marked decrease in the viability of MKN-28 cells. Exposure to rabeprazole induced significant apoptosis in AGS cells. Rabeprazole completely inhibited the phosphorylation of ERK 1/2 in the MKN-28 cells, whereas the same effect was not observed in either the KATO III or MKN-45 cells. The ERK 1/2 inhibitor, PD98059, attenuated the viability of the AGS cells. A similar antiproliferative effect was observed in the rabeprazole treatment group. In addition, PD98059 and rabeprazole were able to efficaciously inhibit the phosphorylation of ERK 1/2 in the gastric cancer cells. Therefore, it was concluded that rabeprazole can attenuate the cell viability of human gastric cancer cells through inactivation of the ERK1/2 signaling pathway. The results of the present study demonstrate that rabeprazole inhibits the viability of gastric cancer cells in vitro and may serve as a novel antineoplastic agent. PMID:25202402

GU, MENGLI; ZHANG, YAN; ZHOU, XINXIN; MA, HAN; YAO, HANGPING; JI, FENG

2014-01-01

212

Rabeprazole exhibits antiproliferative effects on human gastric cancer cell lines.  

PubMed

Intracellular proton extrusion in gastric cancer cells has been reported to promote cancer cell survival under acidic conditions via hydrogen/potassium adenosine triphosphatase (H(+)/K(+)-ATPase). Rabeprazole is a frequently used second-generation proton pump inhibitor (PPI) that irreversibly inactivates gastric H(+)/K(+)-ATPase. Therefore, we hypothesized that rabeprazole could reduce the viability of gastric cancer cells. In the present study, four human gastric cancer cell lines and one non-cancer gastric cell line were cultured. Cell viability, the ?- and ?-subunits of H(+)/K(+)-ATPase and cellular apoptosis were analyzed by dye exclusion assay, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate/propidium iodide staining, respectively. The expression level of total extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase 1/2 (ERK 1/2) and phosphorylated-ERK protein was detected by western blot analysis. Gastric cancer cell lines were more tolerant of the acidic culture media than non-cancer cells. Administration of rabeprazole led to a marked decrease in the viability of MKN-28 cells. Exposure to rabeprazole induced significant apoptosis in AGS cells. Rabeprazole completely inhibited the phosphorylation of ERK 1/2 in the MKN-28 cells, whereas the same effect was not observed in either the KATO III or MKN-45 cells. The ERK 1/2 inhibitor, PD98059, attenuated the viability of the AGS cells. A similar antiproliferative effect was observed in the rabeprazole treatment group. In addition, PD98059 and rabeprazole were able to efficaciously inhibit the phosphorylation of ERK 1/2 in the gastric cancer cells. Therefore, it was concluded that rabeprazole can attenuate the cell viability of human gastric cancer cells through inactivation of the ERK1/2 signaling pathway. The results of the present study demonstrate that rabeprazole inhibits the viability of gastric cancer cells in vitro and may serve as a novel antineoplastic agent. PMID:25202402

Gu, Mengli; Zhang, Yan; Zhou, Xinxin; Ma, Han; Yao, Hangping; Ji, Feng

2014-10-01

213

Extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields cause DNA strand breaks in normal cells  

PubMed Central

Background Extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields aren’t considered as a real carcinogenic agent despite the fact that some studies have showed impairment of the DNA integrity in different cells lines. The aim of this study was evaluation of the late effects of a 100 Hz and 5.6 mT electromagnetic field, applied continuously or discontinuously, on the DNA integrity of Vero cells assessed by alkaline Comet assay and by cell cycle analysis. Normal Vero cells were exposed to extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields (100 Hz, 5.6 mT) for 45 minutes. The Comet assay and cell cycle analysis were performed 48 hours after the treatment. Results Exposed samples presented an increase of the number of cells with high damaged DNA as compared with non-exposed cells. Quantitative evaluation of the comet assay showed a significantly (<0.001) increase of the tail lengths, of the quantity of DNA in tail and of Olive tail moments, respectively. Cell cycle analysis showed an increase of the frequency of the cells in S phase, proving the occurrence of single strand breaks. The most probable mechanism of induction of the registered effects is the production of different types of reactive oxygen species. Conclusions The analysis of the registered comet indices and of cell cycle showed that extremely low frequency electromagnetic field of 100 Hz and 5.6 mT had a genotoxic impact on Vero cells. PMID:24401758

2014-01-01

214

Membrane transport changes in an adriamycin-resistant murine leukemia cell line and in its sensitive parental cell line  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multidrug resistance in cancer chemotherapy occurs when cells develop resistance towards structurally and functionally unrelated drugs. It is speculated that alteration of some fundamental process(es) in the cells leads to the development of multidrug resistance. The sodium pump activity of murine leukemia cell lines P388\\/S (sensitive) and P388\\/ADR (resistant) was measured and found to be different in the two cell

Ratna Bose; Hing-Yat Peter Lain

1988-01-01

215

Gene expression analysis of cell death induction by Taurolidine in different malignant cell lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The anti-infective agent Taurolidine (TRD) has been shown to have cell death inducing properties, but the mechanism of its action is largely unknown. The aim of this study was to identify potential common target genes modulated at the transcriptional level following TRD treatment in tumour cell lines originating from different cancer types. METHODS: Five different malignant cell lines (HT29,

Ansgar M Chromik; Stephan A Hahn; Adrien Daigeler; Annegret Flier; Daniel Bulut; Christina May; Kamran Harati; Jan Roschinsky; Dominique Sülberg; Dirk Weyhe; Ulrich Mittelkötter; Waldemar Uhl

2010-01-01

216

MOLECULAR AND CYTOGENETIC ANALYSIS OF LUNG TUMOR CELL LINES  

EPA Science Inventory

We have measured the levels of amplification of oncogenes and tumor marker genes or other genes of interest in nine human lung tumor cell lines in comparison to normal human bronchial epithelial cells or normal blood lymphocytes to test the hypothesis that aberrant amplification ...

217

Increased transversions in a novel mutator colon cancer cell line  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a novel mutator phenotype in the Vaco411 colon cancer cell line which increases the spontaneous mutation rate 10–100-fold over background. This mutator results primarily in transversion base substitutions which are found infrequently in repair competent cells. Of the four possible types of transversions, only three were principally recovered. Spontaneous mutations recovered also included transitions and large deletions, but

James R Eshleman; P Scott Donover; Susan J Littman; Sandra E Swinler; Guo-Min Li; James D Lutterbaugh; James KV Willson; Paul Modrich; W David Sedwick; Sanford D Markowitz; Martina L Veigl

1998-01-01

218

Establishment and Characterization of Neonatal Mouse Sertoli Cell Lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sertoli cells isolated from 6-day postpartum mouse testes were conditionally immortalized with the simian virus 40 large tumor antigen gene (SV40-LTAg) under the control of a promoter inducible with ponasterone A, an analog of ecdysone. This strategy produced 2 cell lines, which exhibited mixed phenotypes. We first tested the conditional expression of the LTAg gene in the presence or absence

MARIE-CLAUDE HOFMANN; KATHERINE S. VAN DER WEE; JAMIE L. DARGART; GHENIMA DIRAMI; LUIS DETTIN; MARTIN DYM

2003-01-01

219

Stable, near-haploid mammalian cell line (Dipodomys ordii)  

Microsoft Academic Search

An established SV40-transformed cell line of Dipodomys ordii was cloned for selective loss of chromosomal material. A clone is described which has a modal chromosome number of 50 (in the normal diploid 2n = 72), and has about 66% of the DNA content of normal diploid cells. Karyotype anlysis shows that, although some chromosome rearrangement has taken place, 23 chromosomes

C. J. Bostock; S. Christie; F. T. Hatch; J. A. Mazrimas

1977-01-01

220

Ganglioside GD2 in Small Cell Lung Cancer Cell Lines: Enhancement of Cell Proliferation and Mediation of Apoptosis1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Expression levels of gangliosides and glycosyltransferase genes respon- sible for their syntheses in human lung cancer cell lines and a normal bronchial epithelial cell line were analyzed. Both non-small cell lung cancers and small cell lung cancers (SCLCs) mainly expressed GM2 and GM1, whereas only SCLCs expressed b-series gangliosides, such as GD2, GD1b, and GT1b. Accordingly, many SCLC cell lines

Shoko Yoshida; Satoshi Fukumoto; Haruhiko Kawaguchi; Shigeki Sato; Ryuzo Ueda; Koichi Furukawa

221

Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Lines Derived from Human Somatic Cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

Somatic cell nuclear transfer allows trans-acting factors present in the mammalian oocyte to reprogram somatic cell nuclei to an undifferentiated state. We show that four factors (OCT4, SOX2, NANOG, and LIN28) are sufficient to reprogram human somatic cells to pluripotent stem cells that exhibit the essential characteristics of embryonic stem (ES) cells. These induced pluripotent human stem cells have normal

Junying Yu; Maxim A. Vodyanik; Kim Smuga-Otto; Jessica Antosiewicz-Bourget; Jennifer L. Frane; Shulan Tian; Jeff Nie; Gudrun A. Jonsdottir; Victor Ruotti; Ron Stewart; Igor I. Slukvin; James A. Thomson

2007-01-01

222

Amniotic membrane-derived cells inhibit proliferation of cancer cell lines by inducing cell cycle arrest  

PubMed Central

Cells derived from the amniotic foetal membrane of human term placenta have drawn particular attention mainly for their plasticity and immunological properties, which render them interesting for stem-cell research and cell-based therapeutic applications. In particular, we have previously demonstrated that amniotic mesenchymal tissue cells (AMTC) inhibit lymphocyte proliferation in vitro and suppress the generation and maturation of monocyte-derived dendritic cells. Here, we show that AMTC also significantly reduce the proliferation of cancer cell lines of haematopoietic and non-haematopoietic origin, in both cell–cell contact and transwell co-cultures, therefore suggesting the involvement of yet-unknown inhibitory soluble factor(s) in this ‘cell growth restraint’. Importantly, we provide evidence that the anti-proliferative effect of AMTC is associated with induction of cell cycle arrest in G0/G1 phase. Gene expression analyses demonstrate that AMTC can down-regulate cancer cells' mRNA expression of genes associated with cell cycle progression, such as cyclins (cyclin D2, cyclin E1, cyclin H) and cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK4, CDK6 and CDK2), whilst they up-regulate cell cycle negative regulator such as p15 and p21, consistent with a block in G0/G1 phase with no progression to S phase. Taken together, these findings warrant further studies to investigate the applicability of these cells for controlling cancer cell proliferation in vivo. PMID:22260183

Magatti, Marta; Munari, Silvia; Vertua, Elsa; Parolini, Ornella

2012-01-01

223

Guidelines for the use of cell lines in biomedical research.  

PubMed

Cell-line misidentification and contamination with microorganisms, such as mycoplasma, together with instability, both genetic and phenotypic, are among the problems that continue to affect cell culture. Many of these problems are avoidable with the necessary foresight, and these Guidelines have been prepared to provide those new to the field and others engaged in teaching and instruction with the information necessary to increase their awareness of the problems and to enable them to deal with them effectively. The Guidelines cover areas such as development, acquisition, authentication, cryopreservation, transfer of cell lines between laboratories, microbial contamination, characterisation, instability and misidentification. Advice is also given on complying with current legal and ethical requirements when deriving cell lines from human and animal tissues, the selection and maintenance of equipment and how to deal with problems that may arise. PMID:25117809

Geraghty, R J; Capes-Davis, A; Davis, J M; Downward, J; Freshney, R I; Knezevic, I; Lovell-Badge, R; Masters, J R W; Meredith, J; Stacey, G N; Thraves, P; Vias, M

2014-09-01

224

Establishment and characterization of five cell lines derived from human malignant gliomas  

Microsoft Academic Search

We established and characterized five cell lines derived from human malignant gliomas (four glioblastomas multiforme and one highly anaplastic astrocytoma). All cell lines exhibited tumor cell morphology and growth kinetics, and anchorage-independent growth in soft agar. Cytogenetic analysis revealed significant aneuploidy in all five cases as well as clonal chromosomal alterations unique to each cell line. No cell line was

J. T. Rutka; J. R. Giblin; D. Y. Dougherty; H. C. Liu; J. R. McCulloch; C. W. Bell; R. S. Stern; C. B. Wilson; M. L. Rosenblum

1987-01-01

225

Reconstruction of endometrium from human endometrial side population cell lines.  

PubMed

Endometrial regeneration is mediated, at least in part, by the existence of a specialized somatic stem cell (SSC) population recently identified by several groups using the side population (SP) technique. We previously demonstrated that endometrial SP displays genotypic, phenotypic and the functional capability to develop human endometrium after subcutaneous injection in NOD-SCID mice. We have now established seven human endometrial SP (hESP) cell lines (ICE 1-7): four from the epithelial and three from the stromal fraction, respectively. SP cell lines were generated under hypoxic conditions based on their cloning efficiency ability, cultured for 12-15 passages (20 weeks) and cryopreserved. Cell lines displayed normal 46XX karyotype, intermediate telomerase activity pattern and expressed mRNAs encoding proteins that are considered characteristic of undifferentiated cells (Oct-4, GDF3, DNMT3B, Nanog, GABR3) and those of mesodermal origin (WT1, Cardiac Actin, Enolase, Globin, REN). Phenotype analysis corroborated their epithelial (CD9+) or stromal (vimentin+) cell origin and mesenchymal (CD90+, CD73+ and CD45?) attributes. Markers considered characteristic of ectoderm or endoderm were not detected. Cells did not express either estrogen receptor alpha (ER?) or progesterone receptor (PR). The hESP cell lines were able to differentiate in vitro into adipocytes and osteocytes, which confirmed their mesenchymal origin. Finally, we demonstrated their ability to generate human endometrium when transplanted beneath the renal capsule of NOD-SCID mice. These findings confirm that SP cells exhibit key features of human endometrial SSC and open up new possibilities for the understanding of gynecological disorders such as endometriosis or Asherman syndrome. Our cell lines can be a valuable model to investigate new targets for endometrium proliferation in endometriosis. PMID:21712999

Cervelló, Irene; Mas, Aymara; Gil-Sanchis, Claudia; Peris, Laura; Faus, Amparo; Saunders, Philippa T K; Critchley, Hilary O D; Simón, Carlos

2011-01-01

226

Establishment, Immortalisation and Characterisation of Pteropid Bat Cell Lines  

PubMed Central

Background Bats are the suspected natural reservoir hosts for a number of new and emerging zoonotic viruses including Nipah virus, Hendra virus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus and Ebola virus. Since the discovery of SARS-like coronaviruses in Chinese horseshoe bats, attempts to isolate a SL-CoV from bats have failed and attempts to isolate other bat-borne viruses in various mammalian cell lines have been similarly unsuccessful. New stable bat cell lines are needed to help with these investigations and as tools to assist in the study of bat immunology and virus-host interactions. Methodology/Findings Black flying foxes (Pteropus alecto) were captured from the wild and transported live to the laboratory for primary cell culture preparation using a variety of different methods and culture media. Primary cells were successfully cultured from 20 different organs. Cell immortalisation can occur spontaneously, however we used a retroviral system to immortalise cells via the transfer and stable production of the Simian virus 40 Large T antigen and the human telomerase reverse transcriptase protein. Initial infection experiments with both cloned and uncloned cell lines using Hendra and Nipah viruses demonstrated varying degrees of infection efficiency between the different cell lines, although it was possible to infect cells in all tissue types. Conclusions/Significance The approaches developed and optimised in this study should be applicable to bats of other species. We are in the process of generating further cell lines from a number of different bat species using the methodology established in this study. PMID:20011515

Crameri, Gary; Todd, Shawn; Grimley, Samantha; McEachern, Jennifer A.; Marsh, Glenn A.; Smith, Craig; Tachedjian, Mary; De Jong, Carol; Virtue, Elena R.; Yu, Meng; Bulach, Dieter; Liu, Jun-Ping; Michalski, Wojtek P.; Middleton, Deborah; Field, Hume E.; Wang, Lin-Fa

2009-01-01

227

Artificial islets from hybrid spheroids of three pancreatic cell lines.  

PubMed

Pancreatic islets have been the focus of recent studies exploring the pathologic mechanisms of diabetes mellitus as well as more effective and radical treatments for this disease. Islet transplantation is a promising therapeutic strategy; however, isolation of pancreatic islets for this purpose has been challenging, because the technique is time consuming and technically difficult, and tissue handling can be variable. Pseudo-islets can be used as an alternative to naïve islets, but require cellular sources or artificial materials. In this study, pancreas-derived cells were used to generate pseudo-islets. Because the pancreas is composed of a variety of cell types, namely ? cells, ? cells, ? cells, and other pancreatic cells that perform different functions, we used 3 different cell lines-NIT-1 (a ?-cell line), ? TC1 clone 6 (an ?-cell line), and TGP52 (a pancreatic epithelial-like cell line)-which we cocultured in nonadhesive culture plates to produce hybrid cellular spheroids. These pseudo-islets had an oval shape and were morphologically similar to naïve islets; additionally, they expressed and secreted the pancreatic hormones insulin, glucagon, and somatostatin, as confirmed by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The results demonstrate that pseudo-islets that mimic naïve islets can be successfully generated by a coculture method. These artificial islets can potentially be used for in vitro tests related to diabetes mellitus, specifically, in drug discovery or for investigating pathology. Moreover, they can be useful for examining basic questions pertaining to cell-cell interactions and tissue development. PMID:24815150

Jo, Y H; Jang, I J; Nemeno, J G; Lee, S; Kim, B Y; Nam, B M; Yang, W; Lee, K M; Kim, H; Takebe, T; Kim, Y S; Lee, J I

2014-05-01

228

A better cell line for making hybridomas secreting specific antibodies  

Microsoft Academic Search

FUSION of myeloma cells which grow in tissue culture with spleen cells from an immunised mouse provides a general method for obtaining cell lines (hybridomas) which make antibody of the desired specificity1-3. Hybrids derived from these myelomas make the immunoglobulin (Ig) heavy and light chains of the myeloma parent as well as the antigen-specific heavy and light chains of the

Marc Shulman; C. D. Wilde; Georges Köhler

1978-01-01

229

Sodium currents during differentiation in a human neuroblastoma cell line  

Microsoft Academic Search

The electrophysiological properties of a human neuroblastoma cell line, LA-N-5, were studied with the whole-cell configuration of the patch clamp technique before and after the induction of differentiation by retinoic acid, a vitamin A metabolite. Action potentials could be elicited from current clamped cells before the induction of differentiation, suggesting that some neuroblasts of the developing sympathetic nervous system are

RICHARD E. WEISS

1991-01-01

230

Induction of Apoptotic Cell Death by Methylglyoxal and 3-Deoxyglucosone in Macrophage-Derived Cell Lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Production of 2-oxoaldehyde compounds increases during hyperglycemic conditions and is cytotoxic to susceptible cells. We have investigated the effects of methylglyoxal and 3-deoxyglucosone at physiological concentrations on monocytic leukemia U937 cells and other cell lines. Both ladder formation of DNA and nuclear fragmentation were observed in the cells treated with these agents, indicating that apoptotic cell death was induced. The

Ayako Okado; Yoshimi Kawasaki; Yukiko Hasuike; Motoko Takahashi; Tadashi Teshima; Junichi Fujii; Naoyuki Taniguchi

1996-01-01

231

Derivation of ductlike cell lines from a transplantable acinar cell carcinoma of the rat pancreas.  

PubMed Central

Two cell lines were derived from a transplantable acinar cell carcinoma that had been established from a primary carcinoma of the pancreas in an azaserine-treated Lewis rat. The cultured tumor cells initially produced amylase, but production of exocrine enzymes ceased after 1-2 weeks in culture. The cultured cells were tumorigenic in Lewis rats, and one line produced solid tumors composed of ductlike structures surrounded by dense fibrous tissue. The second cell line produced partially solid and partially cystic tumors with a mixed phenotype of squamous, mucinous, and glandular areas when it grew in vivo following regrafting. Both cell lines lost structural and immunohistochemical acinar cell markers while acquiring duct cell markers during culture and regrafting. These studies provide strong support for the hypothesis that ductlike carcinomas can arise from neoplastic pancreatic acinar cells in rats. Images Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 PMID:8391218

Pettengill, O. S.; Faris, R. A.; Bell, R. H.; Kuhlmann, E. T.; Longnecker, D. S.

1993-01-01

232

Variation in the safety of induced pluripotent stem cell lines.  

PubMed

We evaluated the teratoma-forming propensity of secondary neurospheres (SNS) generated from 36 mouse induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cell lines derived in 11 different ways. Teratoma-formation of SNS from embryonic fibroblast-derived iPS cells was similar to that of SNS from embryonic stem (ES) cells. In contrast, SNS from iPS cells derived from different adult tissues varied substantially in their teratoma-forming propensity, which correlated with the persistence of undifferentiated cells. PMID:19590502

Miura, Kyoko; Okada, Yohei; Aoi, Takashi; Okada, Aki; Takahashi, Kazutoshi; Okita, Keisuke; Nakagawa, Masato; Koyanagi, Michiyo; Tanabe, Koji; Ohnuki, Mari; Ogawa, Daisuke; Ikeda, Eiji; Okano, Hideyuki; Yamanaka, Shinya

2009-08-01

233

Three-dimensional cultured glioma cell lines  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Three-dimensional glioma spheroids were produced in vitro with size and histological differentiation previously unattained. The spheroids were grown in liquid media suspension in a Johnson Space Center (JSC) Rotating Wall Bioreactor without using support matrices such as microcarrier beads. Spheroid volumes of greater than 3.5 cu mm and diameters of 2.5 mm were achieved with a viable external layer or rim of proliferating cells, a transitional layer beneath the external layer with histological differentiation, and a degenerative central region with a hypoxic necrotic core. Cell debris was evident in the degenerative central region. The necrotics centers of some of the spheroids had hyaline droplets. Granular bodies were detected predominantly in the necrotic center.

Gonda, Steve R. (inventor); Marley, Garry M. (inventor)

1991-01-01

234

Use of human cell lines The use of human cell lines and tissues in the laboratory presents potential hazards. These potential  

E-print Network

Use of human cell lines The use of human cell lines and tissues in the laboratory presents personnel working with human cells and tissues should be enrolled in the Occupational Health and Safety a well characterized human cell line that the user believes is void of any bloodborne pathogen or any

Arnold, Jonathan

235

Continuous production of erythropoietin by an established human renal carcinoma cell line: development of the cell line  

Microsoft Academic Search

Establishment of a stable, transformed human renal carcinoma cell line that produces erythropoietin in vitro and has maintained this function continuously since 1981 and for > 150 passages in monolayer culture was accomplished by transplantation of human renal clear cell carcinoma tissue from a patient with erythrocytosis into an immunosuppressed athymic mouse. In addition to its immunocrossreactivity with native human

J. B. Sherwood; D. Shouval

1986-01-01

236

Continuous Production of Erythropoietin by an Established Human Renal Carcinoma Cell Line: Development of the Cell Line  

Microsoft Academic Search

Establishment of a stable, transformed human renal carcinoma cell line that produces erythropoietin in vitro and has maintained this function continuously since 1981 and for >150 passages in monolayer culture was accomplished by transplantation of human renal clear cell carcinoma tissue from a patient with erythrocytosis into an immunosuppressed athymic mouse. In addition to its immunocrossreactivity with native human urinary

Judith B. Sherwood; Daniel Shouval

1986-01-01

237

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Systems PVL Line  

SciTech Connect

In July 2010, Stark State College (SSC), received Grant DE-EE0003229 from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Golden Field Office, for the development of the electrical and control systems, and mechanical commissioning of a unique 20kW scale high-pressure, high temperature, natural gas fueled Stack Block Test System (SBTS). SSC worked closely with subcontractor, Rolls-Royce Fuel Cell Systems (US) Inc. (RRFCS) over a 13 month period to successfully complete the project activities. This system will be utilized by RRFCS for pre-commercial technology development and training of SSC student interns. In the longer term, when RRFCS is producing commercial products, SSC will utilize the equipment for workforce training. In addition to DOE Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, and Infrastructure Technologies program funding, RRFCS internal funds, funds from the state of Ohio, and funding from the DOE Solid State Energy Conversion Alliance (SECA) program have been utilized to design, develop and commission this equipment. Construction of the SBTS (mechanical components) was performed under a Grant from the State of Ohio through Ohio's Third Frontier program (Grant TECH 08-053). This Ohio program supported development of a system that uses natural gas as a fuel. Funding was provided under the Department of Energy (DOE) Solid-state Energy Conversion Alliance (SECA) program for modifications required to test on coal synthesis gas. The subject DOE program provided funding for the electrical build, control system development and mechanical commissioning. Performance testing, which includes electrical commissioning, was subsequently performed under the DOE SECA program. Rolls-Royce Fuel Cell Systems is developing a megawatt-scale solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) stationary power generation system. This system, based on RRFCS proprietary technology, is fueled with natural gas, and operates at elevated pressure. A critical success factor for development of the full scale system is the capability to test fuel cell components at a scale and under conditions that can be accurately extrapolated to full system performance. This requires specially designed equipment that replicates the pressure (up to 6.5 bara), temperature (about 910 C), anode and cathode gas compositions, flows and power generation density of the full scale design. The SBTS fuel cell anode gas is produced through the reaction of pipeline natural gas with a mixture of steam, CO2, and O2 in a catalytic partial oxidation (CPOX) reactor. Production of the fuel cell anode gas in this manner provides the capability to test a fuel cell with varying anode gas compositions ranging from traditional reformed natural gas to a coal-syngas surrogate fuel. Stark State College and RRFCS have a history of collaboration. This is based upon SSCAs commitment to provide students with skills for advanced energy industries, and RRFCS need for a workforce that is skilled in high temperature fuel cell development and testing. A key to this approach is the access of students to unique SOFC test and evaluation equipment. This equipment is designed and developed by RRFCS, with the participation of SSC interns. In the near-term, the equipment will be used by RRFCS for technology development. When this stage is completed, and RRFCS has moved to commercial products, SSC will utilize this equipment for workforce training. The RRFCS fuel cell design is based upon a unique ceramic substrate architecture in which a porous, flat substrate (tube) provides the support structure for a network of solid oxide fuel cells that are electrically connected in series. These tubes are grouped into a {approx}350-tube repeat configuration, called a stack/block. Stack/block testing, performed at system conditions, provides data that can be confidently scaled to full scale performance. This is the basis for the specially designed and developed test equipment that is required for advancing and accelerating the RRFCS SOFC power system development program. All contract DE-EE0003229 objectives were achieved and deliverables completed during the peri

Susan Shearer - Stark State College; Gregory Rush - Rolls-Royce Fuel Cell Systems

2012-05-01

238

Selection of Phage Display Peptides Targeting Human Pluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Progenitor Cell Lines.  

PubMed

The ability of human pluripotent stem cells (hPS) to both self-renew and differentiate into virtually any cell type makes them a promising source of cells for cell-based regenerative therapies. However, stem cell identity, purity, and scalability remain formidable challenges that need to be overcome for translation of pluripotent stem cell research into clinical applications. Directed differentiation from hPS cells is inefficient and residual contamination with pluripotent cells that have the potential to form tumors remains problematic. The derivation of scalable (self-renewing) embryonic progenitor stem cell lines offers a solution because they are well defined and clonally pure. Clonally pure progenitor stem cell lines also provide a means for identifying cell surface targeting reagents that are useful for identification, tracking, and repeated derivation of the corresponding progenitor stem cell types from additional hPS cell sources. Such stem cell targeting reagents can then be applied to the manufacture of genetically diverse banks of human embryonic progenitor cell lines for drug screening, disease modeling, and cell therapy. Here we present methods to identify human embryonic progenitor stem cell targeting peptides by selection of phage display libraries on clonal embryonic progenitor cell lines and demonstrate their use for targeting quantum dots (Qdots) for stem cell labeling. PMID:25410289

Bignone, Paola A; Krupa, Rachel A; West, Michael D; Larocca, David

2014-11-20

239

Establishment of a Langerhans cell histiocytosis lesion cell line with dermal dendritic cell characteristics.  

PubMed

A cell line named PRU-1, derived from a Langerhans cell (LC) histiocytosis (LCH) skull lesion of a 7-year-old boy, was established and characterized. PRU-1 is an adherent spindle-shaped cell line that shows no Birbeck granules on electron microscopy. Flow cytometric analysis of cells collected from the early seventh passage showed no LC phenotypes of CD1a and S100 protein. Immunostaining of PRU-1 cells also revealed no expression of LC markers but showed expression of CD11c, CD54 (ICAM-1) and CD68, which was also observed in some peripherally located cells of the original LCH lesion. The PRU-1 cells stained positive for factor XIIIa and negative for CD34, suggesting a dermal dendritic cell phenotype. Cytogenetic analyses revealed abnormalities such as 39,XY,-2,-4,-8,-12,-12,-14,add(18)(q21),20,+mar and 44,XY,-11,-14,add(18)(q21). TCR? rearrangement in the PRU-1 cells was not amplified by PCR. Tumorigenicity was not proven by xenografting into SCID mice. A conditioned medium from PRU-1 culture induced the proliferation of peripheral blood lymphocytes as well as the activation of monocytes from a healthy donor into CD1a-positive LC-like cells. Because the phenotypic characteristics of PRU-1 differed from those of CD1a-positive abnormal LC-like cells (LCH cells), it was likely that the PRU-1 cells were derived from peripherally located cells of the LCH lesion rather than LCH cells. LCH has been regarded as a type of granulomatous neoplasm with several intermingled inflammatory cells and influenced by stimuli such as Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV) infection or cigarette smoking. However, in the PRU-1 cells, MCPyV-DNA was not detected by PCR. Stromal cell-like PRU-1 cells are likely to produce some growth or differentiation factors, which may play important roles in LCH lesion formation, cell maintenance and LC-like cell induction. PMID:25351656

Murakami, Ichiro; Gogusev, Jean; Jaubert, Francis; Matsushita, Michiko; Hayashi, Kazuhiko; Miura, Ikuo; Tanaka, Takehiro; Oka, Takashi; Yoshino, Tadashi

2015-01-01

240

VR09 Cell Line: An EBV-Positive Lymphoblastoid Cell Line with In Vivo Characteristics of Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma of Activated B-Cell Type  

PubMed Central

Background small B-cell neoplasms can show plasmacytic differentiation and may potentially progress to aggressive lymphoma (DLBCL). Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection may cause the transformation of malignant cells in vitro. Design and Method we established VR09 cell line with plasmacytic differentiation, obtained from a case of atypical, non-CLL B-cell chronic lymphoproliferative disease with plasmacytic features. We used flow cytometry, immunohistochemistry, polymerase chain reaction, cytogenetic analysis and florescence in situ hybridization in the attempt at thoroughly characterizing the cell line. We showed VR09 tumorigenic potential in vivo, leading to the development of activated DLBCL with plasmacytic features. Results VR09 cells displayed plasmacytic appearance and grew as spherical tumors when inoculated subcutaneously into immunodeficient Rag2?/? ?-chain?/? mice. VR09 cell line and tumors displayed the phenotype of activated stage of B cell maturation, with secretory differentiation (CD19+ CD20+ CD79a+ CD79b+/? CD138+ cyclin D1- Ki67 80% IgM+ IgD+ MUM1+ MNDA+ CD10- CD22+ CD23+ CD43+ K+, ?- Bcl2+ Bcl6-) and they presented episomal EBV genome, chromosome 12 trisomy, lack of c-MYC rearrangement and Myd88 gene mutation, presence of somatic hypermutation in the VH region, and wild-type p53. Conclusion This new EBV-positive cell line may be useful to further characterize in vivo activated DLBCL with plasmacytic features. PMID:23285191

Nichele, Ilaria; Zamò, Alberto; Bertolaso, Anna; Bifari, Francesco; Tinelli, Martina; Franchini, Marta; Stradoni, Roberta; Aprili, Fiorenza; Pizzolo, Giovanni; Krampera, Mauro

2012-01-01

241

Phase transitions in tumor growth: II prostate cancer cell lines  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We propose a mechanism for prostate cancer cell lines growth, LNCaP and PC3 based on a Gompertz dynamics. This growth exhibits a multifractal behavior and a "second order" phase transition. Finally, it was found that the cellular line PC3 exhibits a higher value of entropy production rate compared to LNCaP, which is indicative of the robustness of PC3, over to LNCaP and may be a quantitative index of metastatic potential tumors.

Llanos-Pérez, J. A.; Betancourt-Mar, A.; De Miguel, M. P.; Izquierdo-Kulich, E.; Royuela-García, M.; Tejera, E.; Nieto-Villar, J. M.

2015-05-01

242

Engineering Retina from Human Retinal Progenitors (Cell Lines)  

PubMed Central

Retinal degeneration resulting in the loss of photoreceptors is the leading cause of blindness. Several therapeutic protocols are under consideration for treatment of this disease. Tissue replacement is one such strategy currently being explored. However, availability of tissues for transplant poses a major obstacle. Another strategy with great potential is the use of adult stem cells, which could be expanded in culture and then utilized to engineer retinal tissue. In this study, we have explored a spontaneously immortalized human retinal progenitor cell line for its potential in retinal engineering using rotary cultures to generate three-dimensional (3D) structures. Retinal progenitors cultured alone or cocultured with retinal pigment epithelial cells form aggregates. The aggregate size increases between days 1 and 10. The cells grown as a 3D culture rotary system, which promotes cell–cell interaction, retain a spectrum of differentiation capability. Photoreceptor differentiation in these cultures is confirmed by significant upregulation of rhodopsin and AaNat, an enzyme implicated in melatonin synthesis (immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis). Photoreceptor induction and differentiation is further attested to by the upregulation of rod transcription factor Nrl, Nr2e3, expression of interstitial retinal binding protein, and rhodopsin kinase by reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction. Differentiation toward other cell lineages is confirmed by the expression of tyrosine hydroxylase in amacrine cells, thy 1.1 expression in ganglion cells and calbindin, and GNB3 expression in cone cells. The capability of retinal progenitors to give rise to several retinal cell types when grown as aggregated cells in rotary culture offers hope that progenitor stem cells under appropriate culture conditions will be valuable to engineer retinal constructs, which could be further tested for their transplant potential. The fidelity with which this multipotential cell line retains its capacity to differentiate into multiple cell types holds great promise for the use of tissue-specific adult stem cells for therapy. PMID:19113950

Cao, Yang

2009-01-01

243

The Organelle Proteome of the DT40 Lymphocyte Cell Line*S?  

PubMed Central

A major challenge in eukaryotic cell biology is to understand the roles of individual proteins and the subcellular compartments in which they reside. Here, we use the localization of organelle proteins by isotope tagging technique to complete the first proteomic analysis of the major organelles of the DT40 lymphocyte cell line. This cell line is emerging as an important research tool because of the ease with which gene knockouts can be generated. We identify 1090 proteins through the analysis of preparations enriched for integral membrane or soluble and peripherally associated proteins and localize 223 proteins to the endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi, lysosome, mitochondrion, or plasma membrane by matching their density gradient distributions to those of known organelle residents. A striking finding is that within the secretory and endocytic pathway a high proportion of proteins are not uniquely localized to a single organelle, emphasizing the dynamic steady-state nature of intracellular compartments in eukaryotic cells. PMID:19181659

Hall, Stephanie L.; Hester, Svenja; Griffin, Julian L.; Lilley, Kathryn S.; Jackson, Antony P.

2009-01-01

244

[Sorting of side population cells from multiple myeloma cell lines and analysis of their biological characteristics].  

PubMed

This study was aimed to sort the side population (SP) cells from human multiple myeloma cell lines, then detect the biological characteristics of those SP cells. After Hoechst33342 staining, intracellular Hoechst33342 fluorescence staining differences of myeloma cell lines observed by the fluorescence microscopy. The fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) technology was used to isolate SP cells and main population (MP) cells; proliferative capacity in vitro was determined by cell growth curve; the cell colony forming ability was compared by colony forming test. The CD138 expression was detected by flow cytometry. The expression of ABCG2 mRNA was detected by reverse transcription PCR; CCK-8 assay and colony forming test were used to evaluate the effect of bortezomib on the cell proliferation, vitality and colony forming ability of the two populations. The results showed that the myeloma cell lines had a small proportion of SP cells, especially, RPMI 8226 cells accounted for the highest proportion of SP cells (7.10 ± 2.69)%, which have also been confirmed under the fluorescence microscope; the proliferative activity and cell colony forming ability of SP cells were significantly higher than those of MP cells (P < 0.05). The expression levels of CD138 in SP and MP cells were not significantly different (P > 0.05). RT-PCR results showed that SP cells expressed the drug-resistance gene ABCG2, but MP cells hardly express these genes. The inhibition rate of bortezomib on SP cells was significantly lower than that on MP cells (P < 0.05), however, the difference was not significant (P > 0.05) at bortezomib 40 nmol/L. Bortezomib could reduce colony formation in the both two cell populations, but more severe reduction appeared in the MP cells. It is concluded that the myeloma cell line contain a small amount of SP cells with the cancer stem cell characteristics. PMID:24989288

Zhang, Xiao-Li; Zhang, Li-Na; Huang, Hong-Ming; Ding, Run-Sheng; Shi, Wei; Xu, Rui-Rong; Yu, Xiao-Tang; Jiang, Sheng-Hua

2014-06-01

245

Establishment of a benign meningioma cell line by hTERT-mediated immortalization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Meningioma represents the most common intracranial tumor, but well-characterized cell lines derived from benign meningiomas are not available. A major reason for the lack of benign tumor cell lines is senescence of nonmalignant cells in vitro, while malignant cells are often immortal. We have developed a meningioma cell line by retrovirally transducing primary cells derived from a human WHO grade

Sylvia Püttmann; Volker Senner; Stephan Braune; Beate Hillmann; Rita Exeler; Christian H Rickert; Werner Paulus

2005-01-01

246

Characterisation of seven newly established head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cell lines.  

PubMed

Seven squamous cell carcinoma cell lines were disintegrated from biopsies of patients with head and neck cancer. Genotyping tests verified the authenticity and the human origin of all seven lines. The cell lines designated as University of Kiel, Head and Neck (UKHN) -1 to -3 and UKHN-6 to -9 were subjected to flow cytometry and indirect immunofluorescence to assess aberrant DNA content. To confirm the squamous epithelial origin of the cells, the cytokeratin profile was immunocytologically analysed. The cell lines showed individual differences in mitotic frequency. UKHN-1, -6, -7 and -9 grew as monolayers, whereas UKHN-2, -3, and -8 tend to multilayer stratification. Overexpression of LOXL4 and Pim-1 proteins as distinctive features of head and neck carcinomas were shown in all seven cell lines. Inoculating SCID mice with these cell lines resulted in tumour formation, hence corroborating the tumourigenicity of all seven cell lines. The cell lines were also tested for high-risk HPV types using different DNA-based assays and found to be negative. PMID:24792014

Görögh, Tibor; Quabius, Elgar Susanne; Meyer, Patrick; Hoffmann, Markus

2015-05-01

247

Gene expression patterns within cell lines are predictive of chemosensitivity  

PubMed Central

Background The NCI has undertaken a twenty-year project to characterize compound sensitivity patterns in a selected set of sixty tumor derived cell lines. Previous studies have explored the relationship between compound sensitivity patterns to gene expression, protein expression, and DNA copy number for these same cell lines. A strong correlation between the pattern of expression of a biomarker and sensitivity to a compound could suggest a clinically interesting biological relationship between the two. Results We isolated RNA's and measured expression of 40000 genes using cDNA microarrays from the fifty-nine publicly available cell lines. Analysis of this data set in comparison with published gene expression data sets demonstrates a high degree of reproducibility in expression level measurements even using completely independent RNA preparations and array technologies. Using the fifty-nine cell lines for discovery and an additional seven cell lines for which extensive compound sensitivity data were available as a test set, we determined that gene-compound pairs with a correlation coefficient above 0.6 had a false discovery rate of approximately 5%. Large scale features of the gene expression and chemosensitivity data, such as tissue of origin and other physiological factors, did not seem to explain the majority of correlations between gene and compound patterns. Conclusion A comparison of gene expression and compound sensitivity in panels of cell lines was demonstrated to have a relatively high validation and low false discovery rate supporting the use of this approach and datasets for identifying candidate biomarkers and targeted biologically active compounds. PMID:18261237

Ring, Brian Z; Chang, Stella; Ring, L Winston; Seitz, Robert S; Ross, Douglas T

2008-01-01

248

A CNS catecholaminergic cell line expresses voltage-gated currents.  

PubMed

CATH.a is a central nervous system (CNS) catecholaminergic cell line derived from a transgenic mouse carrying the SV40 T antigen oncogene under the transcriptional control of regulatory elements from the rat tyrosine hydroxylase gene (Suri et al., 1993). CATH.a cells express several differentiated neuronal characteristics including medium and light chain neurofilament proteins, synaptophysin, tyrosine hydroxylase, and dopamine beta-hydroxylase; they synthesize dopamine and norepinephrine. Conversely, they do not express glial-specific fibrillary acidic protein. To establish definitively that CATH.a cells are of neuronal origin, we characterized the repertoire of voltage-gated inward currents expressed by CATH.a cells. Such inward currents are necessary for neuronal excitability. We report that all CATH.a cells possess a tetrodotoxin-sensitive sodium current (peak amplitude = 590 +/- 319 pA) and 68% possess a high voltage-activated calcium current (peak amplitude = 175 +/- 67 pA). Pharmacological analyses suggest that individual cells express varying levels of L- and N-type calcium current, but no P-type current. In addition, in 55% of the cells with a calcium current, about a half of this current is resistant to selective antagonists for L- and N-type currents, suggesting that another calcium current exists in these CATH.a cells which is not L-, N-, or P-type. The heterogeneous pattern of current detected persisted in several CATH. a subclones, suggesting that factors other than genetic variability influence current expression. The demonstration that CATH.a cells express these currents indicates that they have excitable membrane properties characteristic of neurons. Although many peripheral nervous system (PNS) cell lines exist, very few CNS cell lines with differentiated neuronal properties exist. Since the CATH.a cells can be grown continuously in large amounts, they may be useful for purifying, characterizing, and/or cloning various neuronal-specific molecules and thereby may add to our understanding of CNS catecholaminergic neurons. PMID:8661508

Lazaroff, M; Dunlap, K; Chikaraishi, D M

1996-06-01

249

Osmotic stress affects functional properties of human melanoma cell lines  

E-print Network

Understanding the role of microenvironment in cancer growth and metastasis is a key issue for cancer research. Here, we study the effect of osmotic pressure on the functional properties of primary and metastatic melanoma cell lines. In particular, we experimentally quantify individual cell motility and transmigration capability. We then perform a circular scratch assay to study how a cancer cell front invades an empty space. Our results show that primary melanoma cells are sensitive to a low osmotic pressure, while metastatic cells are less. To better understand the experimental results, we introduce and study a continuous model for the dynamics of a cell layer and a stochastic discrete model for cell proliferation and diffusion. The two models capture essential features of the experimental results and allow to make predictions for a wide range of experimentally measurable parameters.

La Porta, Caterina A M; Pasini, Maria; Laurson, Lasse; Alava, Mikko J; Zapperi, Stefano; Amar, Martine Ben

2015-01-01

250

Mutations to Ku Reveal Differences in Human Somatic Cell Lines  

PubMed Central

NHEJ (non-homologous end joining) is the predominant mechanism for repairing DNA double-stranded breaks in human cells. One essential NHEJ factor is the Ku heterodimer, which is composed of Ku70 and Ku86. Here we have generated heterozygous loss-of-function mutations for each of these genes in two different human somatic cell lines, HCT116 and NALM-6 using gene targeting. Previous work had suggested that phenotypic differences might exist between the genes and/or between the cell lines. By providing a side-by-each comparison of the four cell lines, we demonstrate that there are indeed subtle differences between loss-of-function mutations for Ku70 versus Ku86, which is accentuated by whether the mutations were derived in the HCT116 or NALM-6 genetic background. Overall, however, the phenotypes of the four lines are quite similar and they provide a compelling argument for the hypothesis that Ku loss-of-function mutations in human somatic cells result in demonstrable haploinsufficiencies. Collectively, these studies demonstrate the importance of proper biallelic expression of these genes for NHEJ and telomere maintenance and they provide insights into why these genes are uniquely essential for primates. PMID:18387344

Fattah, Kazi R.; Ruis, Brian L.; Hendrickson, Eric A.

2008-01-01

251

Hypoxic cell turnover in different solid tumor lines  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Most solid tumors contain hypoxic cells, and the amount of tumor hypoxia has been shown to have a negative impact on the outcome of radiotherapy. The efficacy of combined modality treatments depends both on the sequence and timing of the treatments. Hypoxic cell turnover in tumors may be important for optimal scheduling of combined modality treatments, especially when hypoxic cell targeting is involved. Methods and Materials: Previously we have shown that a double bioreductive hypoxic marker assay could be used to detect changes of tumor hypoxia in relation to the tumor vasculature after carbogen and hydralazine treatments. This assay was used in the current study to establish the turnover rate of hypoxic cells in three different tumor models. The first hypoxic marker, pimonidazole, was administered at variable times before tumor harvest, and the second hypoxic marker, CCI-103F, was injected at a fixed time before harvest. Hypoxic cell turnover was defined as loss of pimonidazole (first marker) relative to CCI-103F (second marker). Results: The half-life of hypoxic cell turnover was 17 h in the murine C38 colon carcinoma line, 23 h and 49 h in the human xenograft lines MEC82 and SCCNij3, respectively. Within 24 h, loss of pimonidazole-stained areas in C38 and MEC82 occurred concurrent with the appearance of pimonidazole positive cell debris in necrotic regions. In C38 and MEC82, most of the hypoxic cells had disappeared after 48 h, whereas in SCCNij3, viable cells that had been labeled with pimonidazole were still observed after 5 days. Conclusions: The present study demonstrates that the double hypoxia marker assay can be used to study changes in both the proportion of hypoxic tumor cells and their lifespan at the same time. The present study shows that large differences in hypoxic cell turnover rates may exist among tumor lines, with half-lives ranging from 17-49 h.

Ljungkvist, Anna S.E. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Radboud University Medical Center Nijmegen, Nijmegen (Netherlands) and Department of Radiation Sciences, Umeaa University, Umeaa (Sweden)]. E-mail: a.ljungkvist@rther.umcn.nl; Bussink, Johan [Department of Radiation Oncology, Radboud University Medical Center Nijmegen, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Kaanders, Johannes H.A.M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Radboud University Medical Center Nijmegen, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Rijken, Paulus F.J.W. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Radboud University Medical Center Nijmegen, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Begg, Adrian C. [Division of Experimental Therapy, Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Raleigh, James A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC (United States); Kogel, Albert J. van der [Department of Radiation Oncology, Radboud University Medical Center Nijmegen, Nijmegen (Netherlands)

2005-07-15

252

9-{beta}-arabinofuranosyladenine preferentially sensitizes radioresistant squamous cell carcinoma cell lines to x-rays  

SciTech Connect

The effect of 9-{beta}-arabinofuranosyladenine (ara-A) on sensitivity to the deleterious effects of x-rays was studied in six squamous cell carcinoma cell lines. Three lines were relatively radioresistant, having D{sub 0} values of 2.31 to 2.89 Gy, and the other three lines were relatively radiosensitive, having D{sub 0} values of between 1.07 and 1.45 Gy. Ara-A (50 or 500 {mu}M) was added to cultures 30 min prior to irradiation and removed 30 min after irradiation, and sensitivity was measured in terms of cell survival. The radiosensitizing effect of ara-A was very dependent on the inherent radiosensitivity of the tumor cell line. Fifty micromolar concentrations of ara-A sensitized only the two most radioresistant lines, SCC-12B.2 and JSQ-3. Five hundred micromolar concentrations of ara-A sensitized the more sensitive cell lines, SQ-20B and SQ-9G, but failed to have any effect on the radiation response of the two most sensitive cell lines, SQ-38 and SCC-61. Concentrations of ara-A as low as 10 {mu}M were equally efficient in inhibiting DNA synthesis in all six cell lines. These results suggest that the target for the radiosensitizing effect of ara-A is probably related to the factor controlling the inherent radiosensitivity of human tumor cells. Therefore, ara-A might be useful in overcoming radiation resistance in vivo.

Heaton, D. [Rush Univ. Medical Center, Chicago, IL (United States). Therapeutic Radiology; Mustafi, R. [Chicago Univ., IL (United States). Dept. of Radiation and Cellular Oncology; Schwartz, J.L. [Chicago Univ., IL (United States). Dept. of Radiation and Cellular Oncology]|[Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1992-06-01

253

Human neural stem cells overexpressing glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor in experimental cerebral hemorrhage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent studies have reported that glial cell line-derived growth factor (GDNF) has neurotrophic effects on the central nervous system, and the neural stem cells (NSCs) engrafted in animal models of stroke survive and ameliorate the neurological deficits. In this study, a stable human NSC line overexpressing GDNF (F3.GDNF) was transplanted next to the intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) lesion site and a

H J Lee; I H Park; H J Kim; S U Kim

2009-01-01

254

Assessment of Cell Line Models of Primary Human Cells by Raman Spectral Phenotyping  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers have previously questioned the suitability of cell lines as models for primary cells. In this study, we used Raman microspectroscopy to characterize live A549 cells from a unique molecular biochemical perspective to shed light on their suitability as a model for primary human pulmonary alveolar type II (ATII) cells. We also investigated a recently developed transduced type I (TT1)

Robin J. Swain; Sarah J. Kemp; Peter Goldstraw; Teresa D. Tetley; Molly M. Stevens

2010-01-01

255

Establishment and characterization of a bovine mammary myoepithelial cell line.  

PubMed

The thermolabile large T-antigen, encoded by the simian virus 40 early region mutant tsA58, was used to establish clonal cell lines (BMM-UV) from primary bovine myoepithelial cells. The BMM-UV cells have undergone more than 300 population doublings without any signs of senescence, and they contain the intranuclear large T antigen. At low confluency, they grow in a spindlelike manner and develop very long projections that most likely allow for communication of cells at a distance from each other. Establishment results in a decrease in the number of cells that contract in response to oxytocin compared with the parental nontransfected cells (20% versus 45%). Oxytocin responsiveness of BMM-UV cells increases when the cells are cultured in a medium supplemented with staphylococcal proteases. Proliferation of BMM-UV cells increases when they are cultured in the presence of epidermal growth factor (10 ng/ml) or insulinlike growth factor I (50 ng/ml). The BMM-UV cells may become a useful model to study growth properties, cell-to-cell communication, and the function of bovine mammary myoepithelial cells. PMID:8925137

Zavizion, B; van Duffelen, M; Schaeffer, W; Politis, I

1996-03-01

256

Partial characterization of human choriocarcinoma cell line JAR cells in regard to oxidative stress  

Microsoft Academic Search

Characterization of free radical-induced cell injury processes of placenta cells is of vital importance for clinical medicine for the maintenance of intrauterine fetal life. The present study has analyzed cell injury processes in cells of the choriocarcinoma cell line JAR treated with menadione, an anticancer drug, and H2O2 in comparison to osteosarcoma 143B cells using electron microscopic and flow cytometric

Anna Hallmann; Jerzy Klimek; Makoto Masaoka; Jakub K?dzior; Anna Majczak; Edyta Niemczyk; Piotr Trzonkowski; Takashi Wakabayashi

257

A Preliminary Study of Side Population Cells in Human Gastric Cancer Cell Line HGC-27.  

PubMed

Background Cancer stem cell-like side population (SP) cells, which may be responsible for recurrence, tumor metastasis, and resistance to cancer therapy, have been identified and characterized in several types of cell lines from gastric cancer. However, there is no report on isolation of SP cells from human gastric cancer cell line HGC-27. This study aims to analyze the proportion of SP cells in HGC-27 cell line, differentiate SP from non-side population (NSP) cells, and determine whether the SP cells have certain biological properties of stem cells. Material and Methods (1) HGC-27 suspension was prepared and stained with Hoechst33342 and PI for flow cytometric isolation of SP (2). Differences in proliferation and stemness-related gene expression profiles (CD133, CD44, OCT-4, MDR1, EpCAM, and ABCG2) between SP and NSP cells were detected by gastric formation assay and quantitative real-time PCR (3). Oncogenicity of SP and NSP cells was determined in nude mice in vivo. Results (1) SP cells accounted for 0.1-1.0% of HGC-27 cells, and decreased to 0% after verapamil inhibition. Using flow cytometry, we sorted 7.5×10^5 SP cells and most HGC-27 cells were NSP cells (2). Gastric formation assay and MTT demonstrated that there was a significant difference in proliferation between SP and NSP cells. Gene expression analysis showed that the expression of genes was significantly higher in SP cells (3). The oncogenicity experiment in nude mice revealed that 105 SP cells were able to form tumors, which demonstrated higher tumorigenicity than non-SP cells. Conclusions These results collectively suggested that SP cells from HGC-27 cell line have some cancer stem cell properties and could be used for studying the pathogenesis of gastric cancer, which may contribute to discovery of novel therapeutic targets. PMID:25773762

Gao, Ganglong; Sun, Zhenliang; Wenyong, Liu; Dongxia, Ye; Zhao, Runjia; Zhang, Xueli

2015-01-01

258

Characterization of Butyrate Uptake by Nontransformed Intestinal Epithelial Cell Lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Butyrate (BT) is one of the main end products of anaerobic bacterial fermentation of dietary fiber within the human colon.\\u000a Among its recognized effects, BT inhibits colon carcinogenesis. Our aim was to characterize uptake of BT by two nontransformed\\u000a intestinal epithelial cell lines: rat small intestinal epithelial (IEC-6) and fetal human colonic epithelial (FHC) cells.\\u000a Uptake of 14C-BT by IEC-6

Pedro GoncalvesJoao; João R. Araújo; Fátima Martel

2011-01-01

259

Pheochromocytoma cell lines from heterozygous neurofibromatosis knockout mice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transplantable tumors and cell lines have been developed from pheochromocytomas arising in mice with a heterozygous knockout mutation of the neurofibromatosis gene, Nf1. Nf1 encodes a ras-GTPase-activating protein, neurofibromin, and mouse pheochromocytoma (MPC) cells in primary cultures typically show extensive spontaneous neuronal differentiation that may result from the loss of the remaining wild-type allele and defective regulation of ras signaling.

J. F. Powers; M. J. Evinger; P. Tsokas; S. Bedri; J. Alroy; M. Shahsavari; A. S. Tischler

2000-01-01

260

Continuous porcine cell lines developed from alveolar macrophages  

Microsoft Academic Search

Porcine monomyeloid cell lines were established following transfection of primary porcine alveolar macrophage cultures with plasmid pSV3neo, carrying genes for neomycin resistance and SV40 large T antigen. The parental clone 3D4 exhibited a relatively rapid doubling time (25.5 h), high plating efficiency and mixed phenotype with respect to growth on a solid support. Single cell cloning of the 3D4 parent

H. M Weingartl; M Sabara; J Pasick; E van Moorlehem; L Babiuk

2002-01-01

261

A CNS Catecholaminergic Cell Line Expresses Voltage-gated Currents  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   CATH.a is a central nervous system (CNS) catecholaminergic cell line derived from a transgenic mouse carrying the SV40 T antigen\\u000a oncogene under the transcriptional control of regulatory elements from the rat tyrosine hydroxylase gene (Suri et al., 1993).\\u000a CATH.a cells express several differentiated neuronal characteristics including medium and light chain neurofilament proteins,\\u000a synaptophysin, tyrosine hydroxylase, and dopamine ?-hydroxylase; they

M. Lazaroff; K. Dunlap; D. M. Chikaraishi

1996-01-01

262

Functionally active Epstein-Barr virus-transformed follicular dendritic cell-like cell lines  

PubMed Central

Follicular dendritic cells (FDC) are unique nonlymphoid cells found only in germinal centers. FDC can be distinguished from other accessory cells based on a characteristic set of cell surface markers. It is known that FDC are able to rescue germinal center B cells from apoptosis. To investigate the role of FDC in the process of selection and maturation of B cells during germinal center reactions, we tried to establish factor-independent immortalized FDC-like cell lines. Because freshly isolated FDC express the Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) receptor CD21, we attempted EBV transformation on isolated FDC. After incubation of FDC-enriched cell populations with EBV, cell lines were obtained consisting of slowly duplicating very large cells. These cell lines have a fibroblast-like morphology but could be clearly distinguished from several human fibroblast cell lines by displaying a different phenotype including intercellular adhesion molecule 1, CD40, and CD75 expression. Detection of the EBV-encoded proteins latent membrane protein 1 and Epstein-Barr virus nuclear antigen 2 in our FDC-like cell lines implicated successful EBV transformation. FDC-like cells are able to bind nonautologous B cells and preserve the latter from apoptosis. The binding of B cells to FDC-like cells is dependent on adhesion via lymphocyte function-associated antigen 1/intercellular adhesion molecule 1 and closely resembles the pattern of emperipolesis as described by others. These data demonstrate that FDC can be successfully infected by EBV, and that the cell lines obtained share phenotypic and functional characteristics with freshly isolated FDC. PMID:8145036

1994-01-01

263

Optimized protocol for derivation of human embryonic stem cell lines.  

PubMed

For the past 12 years, the biology and applications of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) have received great attention from the scientific community. Derivatives of the first hESC line obtained by J. Thomson's group (Science 282(5391):1145-1147, 1998) have been used in clinical trials in patients with spinal cord injury, and other hESC lines have now been used to generate cells for use in treating blindness (Lancet 379(9817):713-720, 2012). In addition to the classical protocol based on mouse or human feeder layers using open culture methods (In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology - Animal 46(3-4):386-394, 2010; Stem Cells 23(9):1221-1227, 2005; Nature Biotechnology 24(2):185-187, 2006; Human Reproduction 21(2):503-511, 2006; Human Reproduction 20(8):2201-2206, 2005; Fertility and Sterility 83(5):1517-1529, 2005), novel hESC lines have been derived xeno-free (without using animal derived reagents) (PLoS One 5 (4):1024-1026, 2010), feeder-free (without supporting cell monolayers) (Lancet 365(9471):1601-1603, 2005), in microdrops under oil (In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology - Animal 46(3-4):236-41, 2010) and in suspension with ROCK inhibitor (Nature Biotechnology 28(4):361-4, 2010). Regardless of the culture system, successful hESC derivation usually requires optimization of embryo culture, the careful and timely isolation of its inner cell mass (ICM), and precise culture conditions up to the establishment of pluripotent cell growth during hESC line derivation. Herein we address the crucial steps of the hESC line derivation protocol, and provide tips to apply quality control to each step of the procedure. PMID:22614996

Camarasa, María Vicenta; Galvez, Víctor Miguel; Brison, Daniel Roy; Bachiller, Daniel

2012-09-01

264

Differential effect of artemisinin against cancer cell lines.  

PubMed

The present study aims at defining the differential cytotoxicity effect of artemisinin toward P815 (murin mastocytoma) and BSR (kidney adenocarcinoma of hamster) cell lines. Cytotoxicity was measured by the growth inhibition using MTT assay. These in vitro cytotoxicity studies were complemented by the determination of apoptotic DNA fragmentation and Annexin V- streptavidin-FITC assay. Furthermore, we examined the in vitro synergism between artemisinin and the chemotherapeutic drug, vincristin. The in vivo study was investigated using the DBA2/P815 (H2d) mouse model. While artemisinin acted on both tumor cell lines, P815 was much more sensitive to this drug than BSR cells, as revealed by the respective IC50 values (12 µM for P815 and 52 µM for BSR cells). On another hand, and interestingly, apoptosis was induced in P815 but not induced in BSR. These data, reveal an interesting differential cytotoxic effect, suggesting the existence of different molecular interactions between artemisinin and the studied cell lines. In vivo, our results clearly showed that the oral administration of artemisinin inhibited solid tumor development. Our study demonstrates that artemisinin caused differential cytotoxic effects depending not only on the concentration and time of exposure but also on the target cells. PMID:24955301

Tilaoui, Mounir; Mouse, Hassan Ait; Jaafari, Abdeslam; Zyad, Abdelmajid

2014-06-01

265

Glycosylation potential of human prostate cancer cell lines.  

PubMed

Altered glycosylation is a universal feature of cancer cells and altered glycans can help cancer cells escape immune surveillance, facilitate tumor invasion, and increase malignancy. The goal of this study was to identify specific glycoenzymes, which could distinguish prostate cancer cells from normal prostatic cells. We investigated enzymatic activities and gene expression levels of key glycosyl- and sulfotransferases responsible for the assembly of O- and N-glycans in several prostatic cells. These cells included immortalized RWPE-1 cells derived from normal prostatic tissues, and prostate cancer cells derived from metastasis in bone (PC-3), brain (DU145), lymph node (LNCaP), and vertebra (VCaP). We found that all cells were capable of synthesizing complex N-glycans and O-glycans with the core 1 structure, and each cell line had characteristic biosynthetic pathways to modify these structures. The in vitro measured activities corresponded well to the mRNA levels of glycosyltransferases and sulfotransferases. Lectin and antibody binding to whole cells supported these results, which form the basis for the development of tumor cell-specific targeting strategies. PMID:22843320

Gao, Yin; Chachadi, Vishwanath B; Cheng, Pi-Wan; Brockhausen, Inka

2012-10-01

266

Cytogenetic and DNA-Fingerprint Characterization of Choriocarcinoma Cell Lines and a Trophoblast \\/Choriocarcinoma Cell Hybrid  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report the successful fusion of human choriocarcinoma cells with normal human trophoblast cells to a choriocarcinoma\\/trophoblast hybrid. The hybrid cells ACH1P were derived from fusion of primary male trophoblast cells with the HGPRT-defective choriocarcinoma cell line AC1-1. The karyotypes of the parental choriocarcinoma cell line JEG-3, its HGPRT-defective mutant clones AC1-1, AC1-5, and AC1-9, and the choriocarcinoma\\/trophoblast hybrid ACH1P

Hans-Georg Frank; Bastian Gunawan; Ingke Ebeling-Stark; Hans-Jürgen Schulten; Hitoshi Funayama; Ulrich Cremer; Berthold Huppertz; Gabi Gaus; Peter Kaufmann; László Füzesi

2000-01-01

267

Bryostatin analogue-induced apoptosis in mantle cell lymphoma cell lines  

PubMed Central

The anti-cancer effects of bryostatin-1, a potent diacylglycerol analogue, have traditionally been attributed to its action on protein kinase C. However, we previously documented apoptosis in a B non-Hodgkin lymphoma cell line involving diacylglycerol analogue stimulation of Ras guanyl-releasing protein, a Ras activator, and Bim, a proapoptotic Bcl-2 family protein. To further explore the role of Bim, we examined several Bim-deficient B non-Hodgkin lymphoma cells for their responses to pico, a synthetic bryostatin-1-like compound. The Bim? mantle cell lymphoma cell lines Jeko-1, Mino, Sp53, UPN1, and Z138 and the Bim+ cell line Rec-1, as well as the Burkitt lymphoma cells lines BL2 (Bim?) and Daudi (Bim+), were examined for their response to pico using assays for proliferation and apoptosis as well as biochemical methods for Ras guanyl-releasing proteins and Bcl-2 family members. With the exception of UPN1, mantle cell lymphoma cell lines underwent pico-induced apoptosis, as did BL2. In some cases, hallmarks of apoptosis were substantially diminished in the presence of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase inhibitors. Pico treatment generally led to increased expression of proapoptotic Bik, although the absolute levels of Bik varied considerably between cell lines. A pico-resistant variant of Z138 exhibited decreased Bik induction compared to parental Z138 cells. Pico also generally decreased expression of anti-apoptotic Bcl-XL and Mcl1. Although, these changes in Bcl-2 family members seem unlikely to fully account for the differential behavior of the cell lines, our demonstration of a potent apoptotic process in most cell lines derived from mantle cell lymphoma encourages a re-examination of diacylglycerol analogues in the treatment of this subset of B non-Hodgkin lymphoma cases. PMID:22465296

Lopez-Campistrous, Ana; Song, Xiaohua; Schrier, Adam J.; Wender, Paul A.; Dower, Nancy A.; Stone, James C.

2014-01-01

268

Bryostatin analogue-induced apoptosis in mantle cell lymphoma cell lines.  

PubMed

The anti-cancer effects of bryostatin-1, a potent diacylglycerol analogue, have traditionally been attributed to its action on protein kinase C. However, we previously documented apoptosis in a B non-Hodgkin lymphoma cell line involving diacylglycerol analogue stimulation of Ras guanyl-releasing protein, a Ras activator, and Bim, a proapoptotic Bcl-2 family protein. To further explore the role of Bim, we examined several Bim-deficient B non-Hodgkin lymphoma cells for their responses to pico, a synthetic bryostatin-1-like compound. The Bim(-) mantle cell lymphoma cell lines Jeko-1, Mino, Sp53, UPN1, and Z138 and the Bim(+) cell line Rec-1, as well as the Burkitt lymphoma cells lines BL2 (Bim(-)) and Daudi (Bim(+)), were examined for their response to pico using assays for proliferation and apoptosis as well as biochemical methods for Ras guanyl-releasing proteins and Bcl-2 family members. With the exception of UPN1, mantle cell lymphoma cell lines underwent pico-induced apoptosis, as did BL2. In some cases, hallmarks of apoptosis were substantially diminished in the presence of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase inhibitors. Pico treatment generally led to increased expression of proapoptotic Bik, although the absolute levels of Bik varied considerably between cell lines. A pico-resistant variant of Z138 exhibited decreased Bik induction compared to parental Z138 cells. Pico also generally decreased expression of anti-apoptotic Bcl-XL and Mcl1. Although, these changes in Bcl-2 family members seem unlikely to fully account for the differential behavior of the cell lines, our demonstration of a potent apoptotic process in most cell lines derived from mantle cell lymphoma encourages a re-examination of diacylglycerol analogues in the treatment of this subset of B non-Hodgkin lymphoma cases. PMID:22465296

Lopez-Campistrous, Ana; Song, Xiaohua; Schrier, Adam J; Wender, Paul A; Dower, Nancy A; Stone, James C

2012-08-01

269

A cell line with multinucleated giant cell formation established from a human giant cell tumor of tendon sheath — preliminary report  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   We first established a cell line with unique giant cell formation properties from a human giant cell tumor of tendon sheath\\u000a (GCTTS) arising in the right ankle of a 7-year-old girl. The specimen for cell culture taken from the tumor was heterotransplanted\\u000a into the back of a BALB\\/c (nu\\/nu) nude mouse. An in-vitro cell line was established from a

Masami Hosaka; Masahito Hatori; Richard A. Smith; Shoichi Kokubun

2001-01-01

270

THP-1 cell line: an in vitro cell model for immune modulation approach.  

PubMed

THP-1 is a human leukemia monocytic cell line, which has been extensively used to study monocyte/macrophage functions, mechanisms, signaling pathways, and nutrient and drug transport. This cell line has become a common model to estimate modulation of monocyte and macrophage activities. This review attempts to summarize and discuss recent publications related to the THP-1 cell model. An overview on the biological similarities and dissimilarities between the THP-1 cell line and human peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) derived-monocytes and macrophages, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of the use of THP-1 cell line, is included. The review summarizes different published co-cultivation studies of THP-1 cells with other cell types, for instance, intestinal cells, adipocytes, T-lymphocytes, platelets, and vascular smooth muscle cells, which can be an option to study cell-cell interaction in vitro and can be an approach to better mimic in vivo conditions. Macrophage polarization is a relatively new topic which gains interest for which the THP-1 cell line also may be relevant. Besides that an overview of newly released commercial THP-1 engineered-reporter cells and THP-1 inflammasome test-cells is also given. Evaluation of recent papers leads to the conclusion that the THP-1 cell line has unique characteristics as a model to investigate/estimate immune-modulating effects of compounds in both activated and resting conditions of the cells. Although the THP-1 response can hint to potential responses that might occur ex vivo or in vivo, these should be, however, validated by in vivo studies to draw more definite conclusions. PMID:25130606

Chanput, Wasaporn; Mes, Jurriaan J; Wichers, Harry J

2014-11-01

271

Adaptive response induction and variation in human lymphoblastoid cell lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adaptive response is a term used to describe the ability of a low, priming dose of ionizing radiation to modify the effects of a subsequent higher, challenge dose, but it has been observed to be highly variable in both presence and magnitude. To examine this variability, 10 human lymphoblastoid cell lines were screened for adaptability to 137Cs radiation by determining

Karen J Sorensen; Cristina M Attix; Allen T Christian; Andrew J Wyrobek; James D Tucker

2002-01-01

272

DIFFERENCES IN ARACHIDONIC ACID METABOLISM BY HUMAN MYELOMONCYTIC CELL LINES  

EPA Science Inventory

The production of arachidonic acid metabolites by the HL60, ML3, and U937 human phagocyte cell lines were determined after incubation with interferongamma (IFNg; 500 U/ml) or vehicle for 4 days. ells were prelabeled with tritiated arachidonic acid for 4 hours, and media supernata...

273

Differential Sensitivity in the Survival of Oligodendrocyte Cell Lines to  

E-print Network

Differential Sensitivity in the Survival of Oligodendrocyte Cell Lines to Overexpression of Myelin in oligodendrocyte survival by overexpression studies in vitro and in vivo. The classic and sr proteolipids are targeted to different cellular com- partments in the oligodendrocyte, suggesting different cellular

Bongarzone, Ernesto R.

274

USING NEUROBLASTOMA CELL LINES TO EXAMINE ORGANOPHOSPHATE NEUROTOXICITY  

EPA Science Inventory

The need to deploy IN VITRO models to test neurotoxic scribes the use of by industry and government regulatory agencies. his research describes the neuroblastoma cell lines to address the relationship between esterase inhibition and neurotoxic outcome following exposure to organo...

275

DIVERSITY OF ARSENIC METABOLISM IN CULTURED HUMAN CANCER CELL LINES  

EPA Science Inventory

Diversity of arsenic metabolism in cultured human cancer cell lines. Arsenic has been known to cause a variety of malignancies in human. Pentavalent As (As 5+) is reduced to trivalent As (As3+) which is further methylated by arsenic methyltransferase(s) to monomethylarson...

276

Use of Cell Lines in the Investigation of Pharmacogenetic Loci  

PubMed Central

Drug response and toxicity, complex traits that are often highly varied among individuals, likely involve multiple genetic and non-genetic factors. Pharmacogenomic research aims to individualize therapy in an effort to maximize efficacy and minimize toxicity for each patient. Cell lines can be used as a model system for cellular pharmacologic effects, which include, but are not limited to, drug-induced cytotoxicity or apoptosis, biochemical effects and enzymatic reactions. Because severe toxicities may be associated with drugs such as chemotherapeutics, cell lines derived from healthy individuals or patients provide a convenient model to study how human genetic variation alters response to these drugs that would be unsafe or unethical to administer to human volunteers. In addition to the traditional candidate gene approaches that focus on well-understood candidate genes and pathways, the availability of extensive genotypic and phenotypic data on some cell line models has begun to allow genome-wide association (GWA) studies to simultaneously test the entire human genome for associations with drug response and toxicity. Though with some important limitations, the use of these cell lines in pharmacogenomic discovery demonstrates the promise of constructing a more comprehensive model that may ultimately integrate both genetic and non-genetic factors to predict individual response and toxicity to anticancer drugs. PMID:19925429

Zhang, Wei; Dolan, M. Eileen

2009-01-01

277

DNA repair in human promyelocytic cell line, HL-60.  

PubMed

The human promyelocytic cell line, HL-60, shows large changes in endogenous poly(ADP-ribose) and in nuclear ADP-ribosyl transferase activity (ADPRT) during its induced myelocytic differentiation. DNA strand-breaks are an essential activator for this enzyme; and transient DNA strand breaks occur during the myelocytic differentiation of HL-60 cells. We have tested the hypothesis that these post-mitotic, terminally differentiating cells are less efficient in DNA repair, and specifically in DNA strand rejoining, than their proliferating precursor cells. We have found that this hypothesis is not tenable. We observe that there is no detectable reduction in the efficiency of DNA excision repair after exposure to either dimethyl sulphate or gamma-irradiation in HL-60 cells induced to differentiate by dimethyl sulphoxide. Moreover, the efficient excision repair of either dimethyl sulphate or gamma-irradiation induced lesions, both in the differentiated and undifferentiated HL-60 cells, is blocked by the inhibition of ADPRT activity. PMID:3106934

Farzaneh, F; Feon, S; Lebby, R A; Brill, D; David, J C; Shall, S

1987-04-24

278

Feeder-independent continuous culture of the PICM-19 pig liver stem cell line  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The PICM-19 pig liver stem cell line is a bipotent cell line, i.e., capable of forming either bile ductules or hepatocyte monolayers in vitro, that was derived from the primary culture of pig embryonic stem cells. The cell line has been strictly feeder-dependent in that cell replication morphology,...

279

ALLOREACTIVE CLONED T CELL LINES I. Interactions Between Cloned Amplifier and Cytolytic T Cell Lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

A population of T cells has been described that can promote or enhance the proliferation and differentiation of Lyt-2,3 ÷ cytolytic T lymphocyte (CTL) I precursor cells in mixed leukocyte culture (MLC) (1-3). Termed amplifier T cells, they have been characterized as Lyt-1 + cells that appear to be stimulated by specific alloantigens, perhaps I region-encoded (1, 2, 4). Amplifier

ANDREW L. GLASEBROOK; FRANK W. FITCH

280

Cytotoxic effects of Euterpe oleracea Mart. in malignant cell lines  

PubMed Central

Background Euterpe oleracea Mart., a plant from the Amazon region, is commonly known as açaí or juçara; it has high nutritional value and elevated levels of lipids, proteins, and minerals. Açaí is an abundant and much consumed fruit by the Amazon local population, and studies have demonstrated that it is rich in phytochemicals with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer activities. Therefore, the aim of this study was to test this plant for anticancer activity in different human malignant cell lines. Methods Cell lines derived from breast and colorectal adenocarcinomas were treated with 10, 20, and 40 ?g/mL of bark, seed, and total açaí fruit hydroalcoholic extracts for 24 and 48 h. After treatment, cell viability was measured using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assays, and cell morphological features were observed by light and transmission electron microscopy. The type of cell death was also evaluated. The data were analyzed statistically by one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), followed by Dunnett’s or Tukey’s post hoc tests, as appropriate. Results We observed that of all the cell lines tested, MCF-7 was the only line that responded to açaí treatment. The extracts caused significant reduction (p?cell viability and altered cell morphological features by inducing the appearance of autophagic vacuoles, as observed by transmission electron microscopy. Furthermore, increased expression of LC3BII, a protein marker of autophagosome formation, was observed by western blotting. Caspase Glo™ assays and morphologic observations by DAPI nuclear staining and transmission electron microscopy did not indicate any apoptotic events. Conclusions The present study demonstrated that açaí possesses antitumorigenic potential in the MCF-7 cell line. Further studies are needed to identify the compound (s) responsible for this cytotoxic activity and the molecular target in the cell. This discovery of the anticancer potential of açaí may help in the development of chemopreventive drugs and may have therapeutic effects in the treatment of breast cancer. PMID:24886139

2014-01-01

281

Selective migration of neuralized embryonic stem cells to stem cell factor and media conditioned by glioma cell lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Pluripotent mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells can be induced in vitro to become neural progenitors. Upon transplantation, neural progenitors migrate toward areas of damage and inflammation in the CNS. We tested whether undifferentiated and neuralized mouse ES cells migrate toward media conditioned by glioma cell lines (C6, U87 & N1321) or Stem Cell Factor (SCF). RESULTS: Cell migration assays

Peter Serfozo; Maggie S Schlarman; Chris Pierret; Bernard L Maria; Mark D Kirk

2006-01-01

282

Off-line test of the KISS gas cell  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The KEK Isotope Separation System (KISS) has been constructed at RIKEN to study the ?-decay properties of neutron-rich isotopes with neutron numbers around N = 126 for application to astrophysics. A key component of KISS is a gas cell filled with argon gas at a pressure of 50 kPa to stop and collect the unstable nuclei, where the isotopes of interest will be selectively ionized using laser resonance ionization. We have performed off-line tests to study the basic properties of the gas cell and of KISS using nickel and iron filaments placed in the gas cell.

Hirayama, Yoshikazu; Watanabe, Yutaka; Imai, Nobuaki; Ishiyama, Hironobu; Jeong, Sun-Chan; Miyatake, Hiroari; Oyaizu, Michihiro; Kim, Yung Hee; Mukai, Momo; Matsuo, Yukari; Sonoda, Tetsu; Wada, Michiharu; Huyse, Mark; Kudryavtsev, Yuri; Van Duppen, Piet

2013-12-01

283

VIPARnd - GeVero® tool in planning of TPS scheduled brain tumour radiotherapy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, VIPARnd - GeVero® tool is presented for the first time in an application to a brain tumour radiotherapy. Whereas usefulness of VIPARnd polymer gel in various radiotherapy techniques has recently been confirmed, GeVero® software for calculation of MRI polymer gel data and comparison with TPS dose distribution simulation is now examined. The results demonstrate satisfactory agreement between polymer gel dosimetry-MRI and TPS dose distributions and prove helpfulness of the software and VIPARnd polymer gel in radiotherapy dosimetry. It is also believed that the software facilitates data processing and therefore should be of further support in po-gel dosimetry studies.

Kozicki, Marek; Maras, Piotr; Rybka, Krzysztof; Biega?ski, Tadeusz

2009-05-01

284

Human small cell lung cancer cell lines expressing the proopiomelanocortin gene have aberrant glucocorticoid receptor function.  

PubMed Central

Some human small cell lung carcinomas (SCLC) secrete proopiomelanocortin (POMC) derived peptides, but in contrast to the pituitary, glucocorticoids fail to inhibit this hormone production. We have previously described an in vitro model using human SCLC cell lines that express POMC and are resistant to glucocorticoids. We have now identified the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) in the SCLC cell line COR L24 using a whole cell ligand binding assay (Kd = 5.7 nM; Bmax = 11 fmol/million cells), while another cell line, DMS 79, lacked significant glucocorticoid binding. To analyze GR function both positive (GMCO) and negative (TRE)3-tkCAT), glucocorticoid-regulated reporter gene constructs were transfected into COR L24 cells. In the SCLC cell line, neither hydrocortisone nor dexamethasone (500-2,000 nM) significantly induced chloramphenicol acetyltransferase expression from GMCO; in addition, they did not suppress chloramphenicol acetyltransferase expression from (TRE)3-tkCAT. Similar results were obtained with two other POMC-expressing SCLC cell lines. Expression of wild type GR in COR L24 cells restored glucocorticoid signaling, with marked induction of GMCO reporter gene expression by dexamethasone (9,100 +/- 910%; n = 3), and an estimated EC50 of 10 nM. This failure of the GR explains the resistance of the POMC gene to glucocorticoid inhibition and may have implications for cell growth in SCLC. Images PMID:8163665

Ray, D W; Littlewood, A C; Clark, A J; Davis, J R; White, A

1994-01-01

285

Plasmids and packaging cell lines for use in phage display  

DOEpatents

The invention relates to a novel phagemid display system for packaging phagemid DNA into phagemid particles which completely avoids the use of helper phage. The system of the invention incorporates the use of bacterial packaging cell lines which have been transformed with helper plasmids containing all required phage proteins but not the packaging signals. The absence of packaging signals in these helper plasmids prevents their DNA from being packaged in the bacterial cell, which provides a number of significant advantages over the use of both standard and modified helper phage. Packaged phagemids expressing a protein or peptide of interest, in fusion with a phage coat protein such as g3p, are generated simply by transfecting phagemid into the packaging cell line.

Bradbury, Andrew M.

2012-07-24

286

Over-expression of secreted proteins from mammalian cell lines  

PubMed Central

Secreted mammalian proteins require the development of robust protein over-expression systems for crystallographic and biophysical studies of protein function. Due to complex disulfide bonds and distinct glycosylation patterns preventing folding and expression in prokaryotic expression hosts, many secreted proteins necessitate production in more complex eukaryotic expression systems. Here, we elaborate on the methods used to obtain high yields of purified secreted proteins from transiently or stably transfected mammalian cell lines. Among the issues discussed are the selection of appropriate expression vectors, choice of signal sequences for protein secretion, availability of fusion tags for enhancing protein stability and purification, choice of cell line, and the large-scale growth of cells in a variety of formats. PMID:24510886

Dalton, Annamarie C; Barton, William A

2014-01-01

287

Initiation of a Zebrafish Blastula Cell Line on Rainbow Trout Stromal Cells and Subsequent Development Under Feeder-Free Conditions into a Cell Line, ZEB2J  

Microsoft Academic Search

A continuous cell line, ZEB2, was developed from zebrafish blastula-stage embryos expressing enhanced green fluorescent protein (GFP). Originally the rainbow trout spleen cell line, RTS34st, was used as feeders to initiate and maintain the cells through several passages. ZEB2 was then grown for 2years without feeders in L-15 with 15% fetal bovine serum (FBS) for 120 population doublings. This new

Jerry G. Xing; Lucy E. J. Lee; Lianchun Fan; Paul Collodi; Shawn E. Holt; Niels C. Bols

2008-01-01

288

Carbon nanoparticles for gene transfection in eukaryotic cell lines.  

PubMed

For the first time, oxygen terminated cellulose carbon nanoparticles (CCN) was synthesised and applied in gene transfection of pIRES plasmid. The CCN was prepared from catalytic of polyaniline by chemical vapour deposition techniques. This plasmid contains one gene that encodes the green fluorescent protein (GFP) in eukaryotic cells, making them fluorescent. This new nanomaterial and pIRES plasmid formed ?-stacking when dispersed in water by magnetic stirring. The frequencies shift in zeta potential confirmed the plasmid strongly connects to the nanomaterial. In vitro tests found that this conjugation was phagocytised by NG97, NIH-3T3 and A549 cell lines making them fluorescent, which was visualised by fluorescent microscopy. Before the transfection test, we studied CCN in cell viability. Both MTT and Neutral Red uptake tests were carried out using NG97, NIH-3T3 and A549 cell lines. Further, we use metabolomics to verify if small amounts of nanomaterial would be enough to cause some cellular damage in NG97 cells. We showed two mechanisms of action by CCN-DNA complex, producing an exogenous protein by the transfected cell and metabolomic changes that contributed by better understanding of glioblastoma, being the major finding of this work. Our results suggested that this nanomaterial has great potential as a gene carrier agent in non-viral based therapy, with low cytotoxicity, good transfection efficiency, and low cell damage in small amounts of nanomaterials in metabolomic tests. PMID:24863237

Zanin, H; Hollanda, L M; Ceragioli, H J; Ferreira, M S; Machado, D; Lancellotti, M; Catharino, R R; Baranauskas, V; Lobo, A O

2014-06-01

289

Restoration of WNT4 inhibits cell growth in leukemia-derived cell lines  

PubMed Central

Background WNT signaling pathways are significantly altered during cancer development. Vertebrates possess two classes of WNT signaling pathways: the “canonical” WNT/?-catenin signaling pathway, and the “non-canonical” pathways including WNT/Ca2+ and WNT/Planar cell polarity [PCP] signaling. WNT4 influences hematopoietic progenitor cell expansion and survival; however, WNT4 function in cancer development and the resulting implications for oncogenesis are poorly understood. The aim of this study was twofold: first, to determine the expression of WNT4 in mature peripheral blood cells and diverse leukemia-derived cells including cell lines from hematopoietic neoplasms and cells from patients with leukemia; second, to identify the effect of this ligand on the proliferation and apoptosis of the blast-derived cell lines BJAB, Jurkat, CEM, K562, and HL60. Methods We determined WNT4 expression by quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and T- and B-lymphocytes from healthy individuals, as well as from five leukemia-derived cell lines and blasts derived from patients with leukemia. To analyze the effect of WNT4 on cell proliferation, PBMCs and cell lines were exposed to a commercially available WNT4 recombinant human protein. Furthermore, WNT4 expression was restored in BJAB cells using an inducible lentiviral expression system. Cell viability and proliferation were measured by the addition of WST-1 to cell cultures and counting cells; in addition, the progression of the cell cycle and the amount of apoptosis were analyzed in the absence or presence of WNT4. Finally, the expression of WNT-pathway target genes was measured by qRT-PCR. Results WNT4 expression was severely reduced in leukemia-derived cell lines and blasts derived from patients with leukemia. The exposure of cell lines to WNT4 recombinant protein significantly inhibited cell proliferation; inducing WNT4 expression in BJAB cells corroborated this observation. Interestingly, restoration of WNT4 expression in BJAB cells increased the accumulation of cells in G1 phase, and did not induce activation of canonical WNT/?-catenin target genes. Conclusions Our findings suggest that the WNT4 ligand plays a role in regulating the cell growth of leukemia-derived cells by arresting cells in the G1 cell cycle phase in an FZD6-independent manner, possibly through antagonizing the canonical WNT/?-catenin signaling pathway. PMID:24274766

2013-01-01

290

Analysis of Cell Surface N-glycosylation of the Human Embryonic Kidney 293T Cell Line  

Microsoft Academic Search

Protein glycosylation is a prominent posttranslational modification and is involved in many biological functions. Human cell lines used for the expression of recombinant glycoproteins present variations in their cell surface N-glycosylation due to their cell type–specific origin. We therefore investigated the presence of specific glycosyltransferases by RT-PCR and the cell surface N-glycan structures of HEK293T cells by MALDI-TOF-MS and MALDI-TOF\\/TOF-MS

Stefan O. Reinke; Marion Bayer; Markus Berger; Véronique Blanchard; Stephan Hinderlich

2011-01-01

291

Establishment of lal-/- Myeloid Lineage Cell Line That Resembles Myeloid-Derived Suppressive Cells.  

PubMed

Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) in mouse are inflammatory cells that play critical roles in promoting cancer growth and metastasis by directly stimulating cancer cell proliferation and suppressing immune surveillance. In order to facilitate characterization of biochemical and cellular mechanisms of MDSCs, it is urgent to establish an "MDSC-like" cell line. By cross breeding of immortomouse (simian virus 40 large T antigen transgenic mice) with wild type and lysosomal acid lipase (LAL) knock-out (lal-/-) mice, we have established a wild type (HD1A) and a lal-/- (HD1B) myeloid cell lines. Compared with HD1A cells, HD1B cells demonstrated many characteristics similar to lal-/- MDSCs. HD1B cells exhibited increased lysosomes around perinuclear areas, dysfunction of mitochondria skewing toward fission structure, damaged membrane potential, and increased ROS production. HD1B cells showed increased glycolytic metabolism during blockage of fatty acid metabolism to fuel the energy need. Similar to lal-/- MDSCs, the mTOR signal pathway in HD1B cells is overly activated. Rapamycin treatment of HD1B cells reduced ROS production and restored the mitochondrial membrane potential. HD1B cells showed much stronger immunosuppression on CD4+ T cell proliferation and function in vitro, and enhanced cancer cells proliferation. Knockdown of mTOR with siRNA reduced the HD1B cell ability to immunosuppress T cells and stimulate cancer cell proliferation. Therefore, the HD1B myeloid cell line is an "MDSC-like" cell line that can be used as an alternative in vitro system to study how LAL controls various myeloid cell functions. PMID:25807535

Ding, Xinchun; Wu, Lingyan; Yan, Cong; Du, Hong

2015-01-01

292

Establishment of lal-/- Myeloid Lineage Cell Line That Resembles Myeloid-Derived Suppressive Cells  

PubMed Central

Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) in mouse are inflammatory cells that play critical roles in promoting cancer growth and metastasis by directly stimulating cancer cell proliferation and suppressing immune surveillance. In order to facilitate characterization of biochemical and cellular mechanisms of MDSCs, it is urgent to establish an “MDSC-like” cell line. By cross breeding of immortomouse (simian virus 40 large T antigen transgenic mice) with wild type and lysosomal acid lipase (LAL) knock-out (lal-/-) mice, we have established a wild type (HD1A) and a lal-/- (HD1B) myeloid cell lines. Compared with HD1A cells, HD1B cells demonstrated many characteristics similar to lal-/- MDSCs. HD1B cells exhibited increased lysosomes around perinuclear areas, dysfunction of mitochondria skewing toward fission structure, damaged membrane potential, and increased ROS production. HD1B cells showed increased glycolytic metabolism during blockage of fatty acid metabolism to fuel the energy need. Similar to lal-/- MDSCs, the mTOR signal pathway in HD1B cells is overly activated. Rapamycin treatment of HD1B cells reduced ROS production and restored the mitochondrial membrane potential. HD1B cells showed much stronger immunosuppression on CD4+ T cell proliferation and function in vitro, and enhanced cancer cells proliferation. Knockdown of mTOR with siRNA reduced the HD1B cell ability to immunosuppress T cells and stimulate cancer cell proliferation. Therefore, the HD1B myeloid cell line is an “MDSC-like” cell line that can be used as an alternative in vitro system to study how LAL controls various myeloid cell functions. PMID:25807535

Ding, Xinchun; Wu, Lingyan; Yan, Cong; Du, Hong

2015-01-01

293

Comparative Proteomic Profiling of Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Cell Lines  

PubMed Central

Pancreatic cancer is one of the most fatal cancers and is associated with limited diagnostic and therapeutic modalities. Currently, gemcitabine is the only effective drug and represents the preferred first-line treatment for chemotherapy. However, a high level of intrinsic or acquired resistance of pancreatic cancer to gemcitabine can contribute to the failure of gemcitabine treatment. To investigate the underlying molecular mechanisms for gemcitabine resistance in pancreatic cancer, we performed label-free quantification of protein expression in intrinsic gemcitabine-resistant and - sensitive human pancreatic adenocarcinoma cell lines using our improved proteomic strategy, combined with filter-aided sample preparation, single-shot liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, enhanced spectral counting, and a statistical method based on a power law global error model. We identified 1931 proteins and quantified 787 differentially expressed proteins in the BxPC3, PANC-1, and HPDE cell lines. Bioinformatics analysis identified 15 epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers and 13 EMT-related proteins that were closely associated with drug resistance were differentially expressed. Interestingly, 8 of these proteins were involved in glutathione and cysteine/methionine metabolism. These results suggest that proteins related to the EMT and glutathione metabolism play important roles in the development of intrinsic gemcitabine resistance by pancreatic cancer cell lines. PMID:25518923

Kim, Yikwon; Han, Dohyun; Min, Hophil; Jin, Jonghwa; Yi, Eugene C.; Kim, Youngsoo

2014-01-01

294

Comparative proteomic profiling of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma cell lines.  

PubMed

Pancreatic cancer is one of the most fatal cancers and is associated with limited diagnostic and therapeutic modalities. Currently, gemcitabine is the only effective drug and represents the preferred first-line treatment for chemotherapy. However, a high level of intrinsic or acquired resistance of pancreatic cancer to gemcitabine can contribute to the failure of gemcitabine treatment. To investigate the underlying molecular mechanisms for gemcitabine resistance in pancreatic cancer, we performed label-free quantification of protein expression in intrinsic gemcitabine-resistant and - sensitive human pancreatic adenocarcinoma cell lines using our improved proteomic strategy, combined with filter-aided sample preparation, single-shot liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, enhanced spectral counting, and a statistical method based on a power law global error model. We identified 1931 proteins and quantified 787 differentially expressed proteins in the BxPC3, PANC-1, and HPDE cell lines. Bioinformatics analysis identified 15 epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers and 13 EMT-related proteins that were closely associated with drug resistance were differentially expressed. Interestingly, 8 of these proteins were involved in glutathione and cysteine/methionine metabolism. These results suggest that proteins related to the EMT and glutathione metabolism play important roles in the development of intrinsic gemcitabine resistance by pancreatic cancer cell lines. PMID:25518923

Kim, Yikwon; Han, Dohyun; Min, Hophil; Jin, Jonghwa; Yi, Eugene C; Kim, Youngsoo

2014-12-31

295

Human Fucci Pancreatic Beta Cell Lines: New Tools to Study Beta Cell Cycle and Terminal Differentiation  

PubMed Central

Regulation of cell cycle in beta cells is poorly understood, especially in humans. We exploited here the recently described human pancreatic beta cell line EndoC-?H2 to set up experimental systems for cell cycle studies. We derived 2 populations from EndoC-?H2 cells that stably harbor the 2 genes encoding the Fucci fluorescent indicators of cell cycle, either from two vectors, or from a unique bicistronic vector. In proliferating non-synchronized cells, the 2 Fucci indicators revealed cells in the expected phases of cell cycle, with orange and green cells being in G1 and S/G2/M cells, respectively, and allowed the sorting of cells in different substeps of G1. The Fucci indicators also faithfully red out alterations in human beta cell proliferative activity since a mitogen-rich medium decreased the proportion of orange cells and inflated the green population, while reciprocal changes were observed when cells were induced to cease proliferation and increased expression of some beta cell genes. In the last situation, acquisition of a more differentiated beta cell phenotype correlates with an increased intensity in orange fluorescence. Hence Fucci beta cell lines provide new tools to address important questions regarding human beta cell cycle and differentiation. PMID:25259951

Carlier, Géraldine; Maugein, Alicia; Cordier, Corinne; Pechberty, Séverine; Garfa-Traoré, Meriem; Martin, Patrick; Scharfmann, Raphaël; Albagli, Olivier

2014-01-01

296

Cell lines used for microbeam and track segment studies at RARAF Experiments conducted at RARAF have used a host of adherent cell lines for various experiments. While  

E-print Network

549 Human lung carcinoma cells ATCC Lucas' group HeLa Cervice adenocarcinoma cells ATCC Azzam's groupCell lines used for microbeam and track segment studies at RARAF Experiments conducted at RARAF have used a host of adherent cell lines for various experiments. While the primary method of attachment

297

Cell-Type-Dependent Thyroid Hormone Effects on Glioma Tumor Cell Lines  

PubMed Central

Purpose. The present study investigated the potential effects of long-term T3 treatment on glioma tumor cell lines. Thyroid hormone action on cell growth, differentiation and survival during development may be of therapeutic relevance Methods and Results 1321N1 cell line, an astrocytoma grade II, and U87MG, a glioblastoma grade IV, were exposed for 2 and 4 days in medium deprived of T3 and in medium containing 1?nM T3. T3 promoted re-differentiation in both cell lines. However, T3 increased cell proliferation in 1321N1 (2?days) which declined thereafter (4?days) while in U87MG resulted in suppression of cell proliferation. At the molecular level, a 2.9 fold increase in the expression of TR?1 receptor was observed in U87MG versus 1321N1, P < 0.05. TR?1 receptor was undetectable. These changes corresponded to a distinct pattern of T3-induced kinase signaling activation; T3 had no effect on ERK activation in both cell lines but significantly increased phospho-Akt levels in 1321N1. Conclusion. In conclusion, T3 can re-differentiate glioma tumor cells, whereas its effect on cell proliferation appears to be dependent on the type of tumor cell line with aggressive tumors being more sensitive to T3. TR?1 receptor may, at least in part, be implicated in this response. PMID:22229106

Alexandros, Liappas; Iordanis, Mourouzis; Athanasios, Zisakis; Konstantinos, Economou; Robert-William, Lea; Constantinos, Pantos

2011-01-01

298

Cysteine modified polyaniline films improve biocompatibility for two cell lines.  

PubMed

This work focuses on one of the most exciting application areas of conjugated conducting polymers, which is cell culture and tissue engineering. To improve the biocompatibility of conducting polymers we present an easy method that involves the modification of the polymer backbone using l-cysteine. In this publication, we show the synthesis of polyaniline (PANI) films supported onto Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) films, and modified using cysteine (PANI-Cys) in order to generate a biocompatible substrate for cell culture. The PANI-Cys films are characterized by Fourier Transform infrared and UV-visible spectroscopy. The changes in the hydrophilicity of the polymer films after and before the modification were tested using contact angle measurements. After modification the contact angle changes from 86°±1 to 90°±1, suggesting a more hydrophylic surface. The adhesion properties of LM2 and HaCaT cell lines on the surface of PANI-Cys films in comparison with tissue culture plastic (TCP) are studied. The PANI-Cys film shows better biocompatibility than PANI film for both cell lines. The cell morphologies on the TCP and PANI-Cys film were examined by florescence and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM). Microscopic observations show normal cellular behavior when PANI-Cys is used as a substrate of both cell lines (HaCaT and LM2) as when they are cultured on TCP. The ability of these PANI-Cys films to support cell attachment and growth indicates their potential use as biocompatible surfaces and in tissue engineering. PMID:25842107

Yslas, Edith I; Cavallo, Pablo; Acevedo, Diego F; Barbero, César A; Rivarola, Viviana A

2015-06-01

299

Serial analysis of gene expression in a microglial cell line.  

PubMed

We used the serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE) method to systematically analyze transcripts present in a microglial cell line. Over 10,000 SAGE tags were sequenced, and shown to represent 6,013 unique transcripts. Among the diverse transcripts that had not been previously detected in microglia were those for cytokines such as endothelial monocyte-activating polypeptide I (EMAP I), and for cell surface antigens, including adhesion molecules such as CD9, CD53, CD107a, CD147, CD162 and mast cell high affinity IgE receptor. In addition, we detected transcripts that were characteristic of hematopoietic cells or mesodermal structures, such as E3 protein, A1, EN-7, B94, and ufo. Furthermore, the profile contained a transcript, Hn1, that is important in hematopoietic cells and neurological development (Tang et al. Mamm Genome 8:695-696, 1997), suggesting the probable neural differentiation of microglia from the hematopoietic system in development. Messenger RNA expression of these genes was confirmed by RT-PCR in primary cultures of microglia. Significantly, this is the first systematic profiling of the genes expressed in a microglial cell line. The identification and further characterization of the genes described here should provide potential new targets for the study of microglial biology. PMID:10559785

Inoue, H; Sawada, M; Ryo, A; Tanahashi, H; Wakatsuki, T; Hada, A; Kondoh, N; Nakagaki, K; Takahashi, K; Suzumura, A; Yamamoto, M; Tabira, T

1999-12-01

300

Assessment of cell line models of primary human cells by Raman spectral phenotyping.  

PubMed

Researchers have previously questioned the suitability of cell lines as models for primary cells. In this study, we used Raman microspectroscopy to characterize live A549 cells from a unique molecular biochemical perspective to shed light on their suitability as a model for primary human pulmonary alveolar type II (ATII) cells. We also investigated a recently developed transduced type I (TT1) cell line as a model for alveolar type I (ATI) cells. Single-cell Raman spectra provide unique biomolecular fingerprints that can be used to characterize cellular phenotypes. A multivariate statistical analysis of Raman spectra indicated that the spectra of A549 and TT1 cells are characterized by significantly lower phospholipid content compared to ATII and ATI spectra because their cytoplasm contains fewer surfactant lamellar bodies. Furthermore, we found that A549 spectra are statistically more similar to ATI spectra than to ATII spectra. The spectral variation permitted phenotypic classification of cells based on Raman spectral signatures with >99% accuracy. These results suggest that A549 cells are not a good model for ATII cells, but TT1 cells do provide a reasonable model for ATI cells. The findings have far-reaching implications for the assessment of cell lines as suitable primary cellular models in live cultures. PMID:20409492

Swain, Robin J; Kemp, Sarah J; Goldstraw, Peter; Tetley, Teresa D; Stevens, Molly M

2010-04-21

301

Assessment of Cell Line Models of Primary Human Cells by Raman Spectral Phenotyping  

PubMed Central

Abstract Researchers have previously questioned the suitability of cell lines as models for primary cells. In this study, we used Raman microspectroscopy to characterize live A549 cells from a unique molecular biochemical perspective to shed light on their suitability as a model for primary human pulmonary alveolar type II (ATII) cells. We also investigated a recently developed transduced type I (TT1) cell line as a model for alveolar type I (ATI) cells. Single-cell Raman spectra provide unique biomolecular fingerprints that can be used to characterize cellular phenotypes. A multivariate statistical analysis of Raman spectra indicated that the spectra of A549 and TT1 cells are characterized by significantly lower phospholipid content compared to ATII and ATI spectra because their cytoplasm contains fewer surfactant lamellar bodies. Furthermore, we found that A549 spectra are statistically more similar to ATI spectra than to ATII spectra. The spectral variation permitted phenotypic classification of cells based on Raman spectral signatures with >99% accuracy. These results suggest that A549 cells are not a good model for ATII cells, but TT1 cells do provide a reasonable model for ATI cells. The findings have far-reaching implications for the assessment of cell lines as suitable primary cellular models in live cultures. PMID:20409492

Swain, Robin J.; Kemp, Sarah J.; Goldstraw, Peter; Tetley, Teresa D.; Stevens, Molly M.

2010-01-01

302

Primed pluripotent cell lines derived from various embryonic origins and somatic cells in pig.  

PubMed

Since pluripotent embryonic stem cell (ESC) lines were first derived from the mouse, tremendous efforts have been made to establish ESC lines in several domestic species including the pig; however, authentic porcine ESCs have not yet been established. It has proven difficult to maintain an ESC-like state in pluripotent porcine cell lines due to the frequent occurrence of spontaneous differentiation into an epiblast stem cell (EpiSC)-like state during culture. We have been able to derive EpiSC-like porcine ESC (pESC) lines from blastocyst stage porcine embryos of various origins, including in vitro fertilized (IVF), in vivo derived, IVF aggregated, and parthenogenetic embryos. In addition, we have generated induced pluripotent stem cells (piPSCs) via plasmid transfection of reprogramming factors (Oct4, Sox2, Klf4, and c-Myc) into porcine fibroblast cells. In this study, we analyzed characteristics such as marker expression, pluripotency and the X chromosome inactivation status in female of our EpiSC-like pESC lines along with our piPSC line. Our results show that these cell lines demonstrate the expression of genes associated with the Activin/Nodal and FGF2 pathways along with the expression of pluripotent markers Oct4, Sox2, Nanog, SSEA4, TRA 1-60 and TRA 1-81. Furthermore all of these cell lines showed in vitro differentiation potential, the X chromosome inactivation in female and a normal karyotype. Here we suggest that the porcine species undergoes reprogramming into a primed state during the establishment of pluripotent stem cell lines. PMID:23326334

Park, Jin-Kyu; Kim, Hye-Sun; Uh, Kyung-Jun; Choi, Kwang-Hwan; Kim, Hyeong-Min; Lee, Taeheon; Yang, Byung-Chul; Kim, Hyun-Jong; Ka, Hak-Hyun; Kim, Heebal; Lee, Chang-Kyu

2013-01-01

303

Bisphosphonates induce apoptosis in human breast cancer cell lines  

PubMed Central

Breast cancer has a prodigious capacity to metastasize to bone. In women with advanced breast cancer and bone metastases, bisphosphonates reduce the incidence of hypercalcaemia and skeletal morbidity. Recent clinical findings suggest that some bisphosphonates reduce the tumour burden in bone with a consequent increase in survival, raising the possibility that bisphosphonates may have a direct effect on breast cancer cells. We have investigated the in vitro effects of bisphosphonates zoledronate, pamidronate, clodronate and EB 1053 on growth, viability and induction of apoptosis in three human breast cancer cell lines (MDA-MB-231, Hs 578T and MCF-7). Cell growth was monitored by crystal violet dye assay, and cell viability was quantitated by MTS dye reduction. Induction of apoptosis was determined by identification of morphological features of apoptosis using time-lapse videomicroscopy, identifying morphological changes in nucleis using Hoechst staining, quantitation of DNA fragmentation, level of expression of bcl-2 and bax proteins and identification of the proteolytic cleavage of Poly (ADP)-ribose polymerase (PARP). All four bisphosphonates significantly reduced cell viability in all three cell lines. Zoledronate was the most potent bisphosphonate with IC50values of 15, 20 and 3 ?M respectively in MDA-MB-231, MCF-7 and Hs 578T cells. Corresponding values for pamidronate were 40, 35 and 25 ?M, whereas clodronate and EB 1053 were more than two orders of magnitude less potent. An increase in the proportion of cells having morphological features characteristic of apoptosis, characteristic apoptotic changes in the nucleus, time-dependent increase in the percentage of fragmented chromosomal DNA, down-regulation in bcl-2 protein and proteolytic cleavage of PARP, all indicate that bisphosphonates have direct anti-tumour effects on human breast cancer cells. © 2000 Cancer Research Campaign PMID:10780527

Senaratne, S G; Pirianov, G; Mansi, J L; Arnett, T R; Colston, K W

2000-01-01

304

A novel tumor cell line cloned from mutated human embryonic bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells.  

PubMed

A novel tumor cell line, denominated F6, was established from mutated human embryonic bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) which were induced by the GM-CSF and IL-4 in vitro. The characteristics of the F6 cell line, such as surface antigens, cell cycle, growth curve, gene expression, morphology, cytogenetics and tumor model were analyzed. The F6 cells were round and grew suspended in a plastic dish. The cell line has a strong self-renewal capability, was positive for CD13, CD29, CD44, but negative for CD1alpha, CD3, CD10, CD14, CD23, CD33, CD34, CD38, CD41, CD45, CD54 and HLA-DR. The surface antigens were lower than those of human embryonic MSCs. The karyotype of F6 cells was abnormal. The cell cycle included: G0/G1 phase, 52.24%; G2/M phase, 8.00%; S phase, 41.76%. After the cells had been passaged serially for more than 17 months (62 passages), their characteristics were still retained. The F6 cells resulted in tumors in SCID nude mice in vivo (8/8) and caused metastasis (3/8). The pathologic examination revealed that the tumor cells extensively invaded surrounding normal tissues such as dermis, muscular tissue, nerve tissue, adipose tissue and lymphoid tissue. F6 cell line, tumor tissues derived from F6 cells and the MSCs expressed different levels of the nucleostemin gene. These findings suggested that F6 may be a novel tumor cell line. It may provide evidence for the theory that cancer originates from stem cells, and may be useful for the investigation on safety of human MSCs in the clinical application. PMID:15289828

Xu, Wenrong; Qian, Hui; Zhu, Wei; Chen, Yongchang; Shao, Qixiang; Sun, Xiaochun; Hu, Jiabo; Han, Chongxu; Zhang, Xiran

2004-09-01

305

Normal keratinization in a spontaneously immortalized aneuploid human keratinocyte cell line  

Microsoft Academic Search

In contrast to mouse epidermal cells, hu- man skin keratinocytes are rather resistant to transfor- mation in vitro. Immortalization has been achieved by SV40 but has resulted in cell lines with altered differentiation. We have established a spontaneously transformed human epithelial cell line from adult skin, which maintains full epidermal differentiation capacity. This HaCaT cell line is obviously immortal (>140

Petra Boukamp; T. Petrussevska; Dirk Breitkreutz; Jiirgen Hornung; Alex Markham; Norbert E. Fusenig

1988-01-01

306

Analysis of LINE-1 expression in human pluripotent cells.  

PubMed

Half of the human genome is composed of repeated DNA, and some types are mobile within our genome (transposons and retrotransposons). Despite their abundance, only a small fraction of them are currently active in our genome (Long Interspersed Element-1 (LINE-1), Alu, and SVA elements). LINE-1 or L1 elements are a family of active non-LTR retrotransposons, the ongoing mobilization of which still impacts our genome. As selfish DNA elements, L1 activity is more prominent in early human development, where new insertions would be transmitted to the progeny. Here, we describe the conventional methods aimed to determine the expression level of LINE-1 elements in pluripotent human cells. PMID:22528351

Muñoz-Lopez, Martin; Garcia-Cañadas, Marta; Macia, Angela; Morell, Santiago; Garcia-Perez, Jose L

2012-01-01

307

Influence of 864 MHz electromagnetic field on growth kinetics of established cell line  

Microsoft Academic Search

Considering often contradictory data on biological effects of mobile phones frequencies on established cell culture lines, our study aimed at evaluating the influence of 864 MHz electromagnetic field on proliferation, colony forming ability and viability of Chinese hamster lung cells of line V79 cell. Prior to exposure for 1, 2 and 3 hours in transversal electromagnetic mode cell (TEM-cell) cell

Ivan Pavicic; Ivancica Trosic

2004-01-01

308

75 FR 65581 - Proposed Amendment and Revocation of Class E Airspace, Vero Beach, FL  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...designated as an extension to Class D surface area at Vero Beach Municipal Airport...Class E airspace designated as surface area to remove any reference to the...designated as an extension to Class D surface area to eliminate controlled...

2010-10-26

309

75 FR 79293 - Amendment and Revocation of Class E Airspace; Vero Beach, FL  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...designated as an extension to Class D surface area at Vero Beach Municipal Airport...Class E airspace designated as surface areas, Class E airspace areas designated as an extension to a Class D surface area, and Class E airspace areas...

2010-12-20

310

Choosing the right cell line for breast cancer research  

PubMed Central

Breast cancer is a complex and heterogeneous disease. Gene expression profiling has contributed significantly to our understanding of this heterogeneity at a molecular level, refining taxonomy based on simple measures such as histological type, tumour grade, lymph node status and the presence of predictive markers like oestrogen receptor and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) to a more sophisticated classification comprising luminal A, luminal B, basal-like, HER2-positive and normal subgroups. In the laboratory, breast cancer is often modelled using established cell lines. In the present review we discuss some of the issues surrounding the use of breast cancer cell lines as experimental models, in light of these revised clinical classifications, and put forward suggestions for improving their use in translational breast cancer research. PMID:21884641

2011-01-01

311

Designing of promiscuous inhibitors against pancreatic cancer cell lines  

PubMed Central

Pancreatic cancer remains the most devastating disease with worst prognosis. There is a pressing need to accelerate the drug discovery process to identify new effective drug candidates against pancreatic cancer. We have developed QSAR models for predicting promiscuous inhibitors using the pharmacological data. Our models achieved maximum Pearson correlation coefficient of 0.86, when evaluated on 10-fold cross-validation. Our models have also successfully validated the drug-to-oncogene relationship and further we used these models to screen FDA approved drugs and tested them in vitro. We have integrated these models in a webserver named as DiPCell, which will be useful for screening and designing novel promiscuous drug molecules. We have also identified the most and least effective drugs for pancreatic cancer cell lines. On the other side, we have identified resistant pancreatic cancer cell lines, which need investigative scanner on them to put light on resistant mechanism in pancreatic cancer. PMID:24728108

Kumar, Rahul; Chaudhary, Kumardeep; Singla, Deepak; Gautam, Ankur; Raghava, Gajendra P. S.

2014-01-01

312

Designing of promiscuous inhibitors against pancreatic cancer cell lines  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Pancreatic cancer remains the most devastating disease with worst prognosis. There is a pressing need to accelerate the drug discovery process to identify new effective drug candidates against pancreatic cancer. We have developed QSAR models for predicting promiscuous inhibitors using the pharmacological data. Our models achieved maximum Pearson correlation coefficient of 0.86, when evaluated on 10-fold cross-validation. Our models have also successfully validated the drug-to-oncogene relationship and further we used these models to screen FDA approved drugs and tested them in vitro. We have integrated these models in a webserver named as DiPCell, which will be useful for screening and designing novel promiscuous drug molecules. We have also identified the most and least effective drugs for pancreatic cancer cell lines. On the other side, we have identified resistant pancreatic cancer cell lines, which need investigative scanner on them to put light on resistant mechanism in pancreatic cancer.

Kumar, Rahul; Chaudhary, Kumardeep; Singla, Deepak; Gautam, Ankur; Raghava, Gajendra P. S.

2014-04-01

313

Destabilization of Akt Promotes the Death of Myeloma Cell Lines  

PubMed Central

Constitutive activation of Akt is believed to be an oncogenic signal in multiple myeloma and is associated with poor patient prognosis and resistance to available treatment. The stability of Akt proteins is regulated by phosphorylating the highly conserved turn motif (TM) of these proteins and the chaperone protein HSP90. In this study we investigate the antitumor effects of inhibiting mTORC2 plus HSP90 in myeloma cell lines. We show that chronic exposure of cells to rapamycin can inhibit mTORC2 pathway, and AKT will be destabilized by administration of the HSP90 inhibitor 17-allylamino-geldanamycin (17-AAG). Finally, we show that the rapamycin synergizes with 17-AAG and inhibits myeloma cells growth and promotes cell death to a greater extent than either drug alone. Our studies provide a clinical rationale of use mTOR inhibitors and chaperone protein inhibitors in combination regimens for the treatment of human blood cancers. PMID:25243120

Zhang, Yanan; Fu, Yunfeng; Zhang, Fan; Liu, Jing

2014-01-01

314

Cells infected with herpes simplex virus 1 export to uninfected cells exosomes containing STING, viral mRNAs, and microRNAs.  

PubMed

STING (stimulator of IFN genes) activates the IFN-dependent innate immune response to infection on sensing the presence of DNA in cytosol. The quantity of STING accumulating in cultured cells varies; it is relatively high in some cell lines [e.g., HEp-2, human embryonic lung fibroblasts (HEL), and HeLa] and low in others (e.g., Vero cells). In a preceding publication we reported that STING was stable in four cell lines infected with herpes simplex virus 1 and that it was actively stabilized in at least two cell lines derived from human cancers. In this report we show that STING is exported from HEp-2 cells to Vero cells along with virions, viral mRNAs, microRNAs, and the exosome marker protein CD9. The virions and exosomes copurified. The quantity of STING and CD9 exported from one cell line to another was inoculum-size-dependent and reflected the levels of STING and CD9 accumulating in the cells in which the virus inoculum was made. The export of STING, an innate immune sensor, and of viral mRNAs whose major role may be in silencing viral genes in latently infected neurons, suggests that the virus has evolved mechanisms that curtail rather than foster the spread of infection under certain conditions. PMID:25368198

Kalamvoki, Maria; Du, Te; Roizman, Bernard

2014-11-18

315

Effects of cylindrospermopsin on a common carp leucocyte cell line.  

PubMed

Cylindrospermopsin (CYN) is a cytotoxin produced by different cyanobacterial species, increasingly detected in water reservoirs worldwide. There is very little information available concerning the effects of the toxin on fish immune cells. The aim of the study was to elucidate the potential impact of cylindrospermopsin on the selected parameters of a common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) leucocyte cell line (CLC). The cells were incubated with the cyanotoxin at concentrations of 10, 1 or 0.1?µg?ml(-1) for up to 48?h. Cell viability and proliferation, apoptosis/necrosis induction, cell morphology and phagocytic activity were determined. The two higher toxin concentrations occurred to be evidently cytotoxic in a time-dependent manner and influenced all studied parameters. The lowest used concentration had no effects on cell viability and cell number; however, a strong reduction of bacteria uptake after 24-h exposure was detected. The obtained results indicate that cylindrospermopsin may interfere with the basic functions of fish phagocytic cells and as a consequence influence the fish immunity. PMID:24477983

Sieroslawska, Anna; Rymuszka, Anna

2015-01-01

316

Monocarboxylate transport in human corneal epithelium and cell lines.  

PubMed

Monocarboxylate transporters (MCTs) are transmembrane proteins capable of transferring lactate and other endogenous and exogenous monocarboxylates across the cell membrane. The aim of the present study was to assess the expression and transporter role of human MCT1, MCT3 and MCT4 in the corneal epithelium, corneal epithelial cell lines (primary HCEpiC and immortalized HCE cells) and isolated rabbit corneas. MCT1 and MCT4 were expressed in the human corneal epithelium and the cell lines at mRNA and protein levels. Cellular uptake studies showed saturable and pH-dependent l-lactic acid transport, which was inhibited by various monocarboxylates like diclofenac and flurbiprofen. The permeability of benzoic acid across the rabbit cornea was higher in absorptive direction and this directionality was diminished in the presence of monocarboxylate drug valproic acid. Monocarboxylate transport was functional in the human corneal epithelial cells and rabbit cornea and it may play a role in the ocular drug absorption. PMID:20035863

Vellonen, Kati-Sisko; Häkli, Marika; Merezhinskaya, Natalya; Tervo, Timo; Honkakoski, Paavo; Urtti, Arto

2010-02-19

317

Single-walled carbon nanohorn (SWNH) aggregates inhibited proliferation of human liver cell lines and promoted apoptosis, especially for hepatoma cell lines  

PubMed Central

Single-walled carbon nanohorns (SWNHs) may be useful as carriers for anticancer drugs due to their particular structure. However, the interactions between the material itself and cancerous or normal cells have seldom been studied. To address this problem, the effects of raw SWNH material on the biological functions of human liver cell lines were studied. Our results showed that unmodified SWNHs inhibited mitotic entry, growth, and proliferation of human liver cell lines and promoted their apoptosis, especially in hepatoma cell lines. Individual spherical SWNH particles were found inside the nuclei of human hepatoma HepG2 cells and the lysosomes of normal human liver L02 cells, implying that SWNH particles could penetrate into human liver cells_and the different interacted mechanisms on human normal cell lines compared to hepatoma cell lines. Further research on the mechanisms and application in treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma with SWNHs is needed. PMID:24523586

Zhang, Jinqian; Sun, Qiang; Bo, Jian; Huang, Rui; Zhang, Mengran; Xia, Zhenglin; Ju, Lili; Xiang, Guoan

2014-01-01

318

Can we develop ethically universal embryonic stem-cell lines?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human embryonic stem-cell (hESC) research faces opposition from those who object to the destruction of human embryos. Over the past few years, a series of new approaches have been proposed for deriving hESC lines without injuring a living embryo. Each of these presents scientific challenges and raises ethical and political questions. Do any of these methods have the potential to

Ronald M Green

2007-01-01

319

Selective expression of carcinoembryonic antigen promoter in cancer cell lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE: This study was designed to characterize the mechanisms regulating the expression of the human carcinoembryonic antigen promoter (pCEA), in terms of tissue-specific targeting for gene therapy. The promoter was subcloned to a luciferase reporter gene (pCEA\\/Luc) in our laboratory and compared with a virally controlled luciferase vector (pSV40\\/Luc). METHODS: Four human cancer cell lines (HeLa, SW480, Caco2, and SW1116)

Alessandro Fichera; Fabrizio Michelassi; Richard B. Arenas

1998-01-01

320

Fluorouracil selectively enriches stem-like cells in the lung adenocarcinoma cell line SPC.  

PubMed

Most adult stem cells are in the G0 or quiescent phase of the cell cycle and account for only a small percentage of the cells in the tissue. Thus, isolation of stem cells from tissues for further study represents a major challenge. This study sought to enrich cancer stem cells and explore cancer stem-like cell clones using 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) in the lung adenocarcinoma cell line, SPC. Proliferation inhibition was analyzed using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assays, according to which half maximal inhibitory concentration values were calculated. Expression levels of stem cell markers after treatment with 5-FU were examined using immunofluorescence and Western blotting. Additionally, side population (SP) cells were sorted using FACS. Properties of SP cells were evaluated by using Transwell, colony-forming assays, and tumor formation experiments. 5-FU greatly inhibits proliferation, especially of cells in S phase. SP cells possess greater invasive potential, higher clone-forming potential, and greater tumor-forming ability than non-SP cells. Treatment with 5-FU enriches the SP cells with stem cell properties in human lung adenocarcinoma cell lines. PMID:23359275

Shi, Mu-mu; Xiong, Yan-lei; Jia, Xin-shan; Li, Xin; Zhang, Li; Li, Xiao-lei; Wang, En-Hua

2013-06-01

321

A comparison of primary endothelial cells and endothelial cell lines for studies of immune interactions.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to assess the suitability of using endothelial cell (EC) lines for studies of endothelial/immune interactions. The immortal human EC lines HMEC-1, ECV304 and EaHy926 were compared to human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) for constitutive and induced expression of surface antigens known to be involved in interactions with T cells. These cell lines were also compared to HUVEC in transendothelial migration assays. Flow cytometry was used to measure cell surface expression of platelet/endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), E-selectin, major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I and MHC class II, CD40, CD95 (fas) and lymphocyte function associated antigen-3 (LFA-3) before and after treatment with the cytokines tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma). Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to detect expression of the MHC class II transactivator. Significant differences were found in the ability to respond to cytokines between HUVEC and the cell lines, the greatest differences being induction of VCAM-1 and E-selectin in response to TNF-alpha and induction of MHC class II antigens in response to IFN-gamma. Thus unlike HUVEC, induction of VCAM-1 and E-selectin was not detectable on EaHy926 and ECV304 and barely detectable on HMEC-1. MHC class II antigens were not induced on ECV304 in response to IFN-gamma and nor was the class II transactivator (CIITA). Unlike HUVEC and the other cell lines, ECV304 were constitutively negative for PECAM-1. Constitutive and induced expression of MHC class I, ICAM-1, LFA/3, CD40 and fas were most conserved between the cell lines and showed little difference to HUVEC. The migration of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) through all cell lines was significantly reduced compared to through HUVEC, suggesting that there is a functional difference between the cell lines with regard to interactions with lymphocytes. In conclusion this study has demonstrated significant differences in the ability of endothelial cell lines to respond to cytokines compared to primary HUVEC cultures. In particular ECV304 compares very poorly with HUVEC. Whether these differences are caused by immortalization procedures or reflect heterogeneity of EC arising from different vascular beds is discussed. PMID:10638837

Lidington, E A; Moyes, D L; McCormack, A M; Rose, M L

1999-12-01

322

Terminally differentiated postmitotic tumor cells in a rat rhabdomyosarcoma cell line  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  A permanent rat rhabdomyosarcoma cell line (BA-HAN-1C) has been established, the phenotype of which is characterized by the\\u000a coexistence of undifferentiated mononuclear cells and differentiated multinuclear myotube-like giant cells. The failure of\\u000a attempts to separate these two cell types by repeated recloning procedures indicates their close histogenetic relationship\\u000a and suggests that differentiation in this tumor proceeds in a similar manner

Helmut Erich Gabbert; Claus-Dieter Gerharz; Rainer Engers; Wolfgang Müller-Klieser; Roland Moll

1988-01-01

323

New cell lines from mouse epiblast share defining features with human embryonic stem cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

The application of human embryonic stem (ES) cells in medicine andbiologyhasaninherentrelianceonunderstandingthestarting cellpopulation.HumanEScellsdifferfrommouseEScellsandthe specific embryonic origin of both cell types is unclear. Previous work suggested that mouse ES cells could only be obtained from the embryo before implantation in the uterus1-5. Here we show that cell lines can be derived from the epiblast, a tissue of the post- implantation embryo that

Josh G. Chenoweth; Frances A. Brook; Timothy J. Davies; Edward P. Evans; David L. Mack; Richard L. Gardner; Paul J. Tesar; Ronald D. G. McKay

2007-01-01

324

New Model for Gastroenteropancreatic Large-Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma: Establishment of Two Clinically Relevant Cell Lines  

PubMed Central

Recently, a novel WHO-classification has been introduced that divided gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (GEP-NEN) according to their proliferation index into G1- or G2-neuroendocrine tumors (NET) and poorly differentiated small-cell or large-cell G3-neuroendocrine carcinomas (NEC). Our knowledge on primary NECs of the GEP-system is limited due to the rarity of these tumors and chemotherapeutic concepts of highly aggressive NEC do not provide convincing results. The aim of this study was to establish a reliable cell line model for NEC that could be helpful in identifying novel druggable molecular targets. Cell lines were established from liver (NEC-DUE1) or lymph node metastases (NEC-DUE2) from large cell NECs of the gastroesophageal junction and the large intestine, respectively. Morphological characteristics and expression of neuroendocrine markers were extensively analyzed. Chromosomal aberrations were mapped by array comparative genomic hybridization and DNA profiling was analyzed by DNA fingerprinting. In vitro and in vivo tumorigenicity was evaluated and the sensitivity against chemotherapeutic agents assessed. Both cell lines exhibited typical morphological and molecular features of large cell NEC. In vitro and in vivo experiments demonstrated that both cell lines retained their malignant properties. Whereas NEC-DUE1 and -DUE2 were resistant to chemotherapeutic drugs such as cisplatin, etoposide and oxaliplatin, a high sensitivity to 5-fluorouracil was observed for the NEC-DUE1 cell line. Taken together, we established and characterized the first GEP large-cell NEC cell lines that might serve as a helpful tool not only to understand the biology of these tumors, but also to establish novel targeted therapies in a preclinical setup. PMID:24551139

Krieg, Andreas; Mersch, Sabrina; Boeck, Inga; Dizdar, Levent; Weihe, Eberhard; Hilal, Zena; Krausch, Markus; Möhlendick, Birte; Topp, Stefan A.; Piekorz, Roland P.; Huckenbeck, Wolfgang; Stoecklein, Nikolas H.; Anlauf, Martin; Knoefel, Wolfram T.

2014-01-01

325

Establishment and characterization of a novel canine B-cell line derived from a spontaneously occurring diffuse large cell lymphoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cell lines derived from spontaneous tumors serve as a research tool for cancer cell biology and new anti-cancer drug development. Isolation and propagation of canine lymphoma cell lines is difficult, thus only a few are available. Now we have established a new B-cell lymphoma cell line CLBL-1 from a dog with confirmed stage IV diffuse large cell lymphoma. Immunophenotyping of

Barbara C. Rütgen; Sabine E. Hammer; Wilhelm Gerner; Maria Christian; Abigail Guija de Arespacochaga; Michael Willmann; Miriam Kleiter; Ilse Schwendenwein; Armin Saalmüller

2010-01-01

326

Development of a Pluripotent ES-like Cell Line from Asian Sea Bass ( Lates calcarifer )—An Oviparous Stem Cell Line Mimicking Viviparous ES Cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report a pluripotent embryonic stem cell-like cell line designated as SBES from blastula stage embryos of Asian sea bass\\u000a (Lates calcarifer), which is an economically important cultivable and edible marine fish species in India. The SBES cells were cultured at\\u000a 28°C in Leibovitz L-15 medium supplemented with 20% fetal bovine serum without a feeder layer. The ES-like cells were

V. Parameswaran; Ravi Shukla; Ramesh Bhonde; A. S. Sahul Hameed

2007-01-01

327

Dynamic DNA methylation across diverse human cell lines and tissues  

PubMed Central

As studies of DNA methylation increase in scope, it has become evident that methylation has a complex relationship with gene expression, plays an important role in defining cell types, and is disrupted in many diseases. We describe large-scale single-base resolution DNA methylation profiling on a diverse collection of 82 human cell lines and tissues using reduced representation bisulfite sequencing (RRBS). Analysis integrating RNA-seq and ChIP-seq data illuminates the functional role of this dynamic mark. Loci that are hypermethylated across cancer types are enriched for sites bound by NANOG in embryonic stem cells, which supports and expands the model of a stem/progenitor cell signature in cancer. CpGs that are hypomethylated across cancer types are concentrated in megabase-scale domains that occur near the telomeres and centromeres of chromosomes, are depleted of genes, and are enriched for cancer-specific EZH2 binding and H3K27me3 (repressive chromatin). In noncancer samples, there are cell-type specific methylation signatures preserved in primary cell lines and tissues as well as methylation differences induced by cell culture. The relationship between methylation and expression is context-dependent, and we find that CpG-rich enhancers bound by EP300 in the bodies of expressed genes are unmethylated despite the dense gene-body methylation surrounding them. Non-CpG cytosine methylation occurs in human somatic tissue, is particularly prevalent in brain tissue, and is reproducible across many individuals. This study provides an atlas of DNA methylation across diverse and well-characterized samples and enables new discoveries about DNA methylation and its role in gene regulation and disease. PMID:23325432

Varley, Katherine E.; Gertz, Jason; Bowling, Kevin M.; Parker, Stephanie L.; Reddy, Timothy E.; Pauli-Behn, Florencia; Cross, Marie K.; Williams, Brian A.; Stamatoyannopoulos, John A.; Crawford, Gregory E.; Absher, Devin M.; Wold, Barbara J.; Myers, Richard M.

2013-01-01

328

Development of chemotactic responsiveness in myeloid precursor cells: studies with a human leukemia cell line.  

PubMed Central

We have studied the events that occur during the development of chemotaxis in HL60, a promyelocytic leukemia cell line that acquires the features of mature neutrophils when exposed to dimethylformamide (DMF). Chemotactic function first appears between 48 and 96 hr of DMF induction and is associated not only with the coincidental development of deformability, spontaneous motility, greatly increased binding of fMet-Leu-Phe, and orientation but also with decreasing cell size and pleomorphism of nuclei. Surface adhesiveness develops earlier (36-48 hr) and is coincident with a 10-fold increase in protein synthesis not seen in other DMF-inducible cell lines. This burst of protein synthesis precedes the expression of chemotactic function. These studies show that the HL60 cell line can provide a useful model for delineating control mechanisms responsible for the development of complex cellular functions present in differentiated myeloid cells in humans. Images PMID:6932042

Fontana, J A; Wright, D G; Schiffman, E; Corcoran, B A; Deisseroth, A B

1980-01-01

329

Molecular signatures in response to Isoliquiritigenin in lymphoblastoid cell lines  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We identified the inhibitory effect of ISL on cell proliferation of LCLs. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We found ISL-induced genes and miRNAs through microarray approach. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer ISL-treated LCLs represented gene expression changes in cell cycle and p53 pathway. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We revealed 12 putative mRNA-miRNA functional pairs associated with ISL effect. -- Abstract: Isoliquiritigenin (ISL) has been known to induce cell cycle arrest and apoptosis of various cancer cells. However, genetic factors regulating ISL effects remain unclear. The aim of this study was to identify the molecular signatures involved in ISL-induced cell death of EBV-transformed lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs) using microarray analyses. For gene expression and microRNA (miRNA) microarray experiments, each of 12 LCL strains was independently treated with ISL or DMSO as a vehicle control for a day prior to total RNA extraction. ISL treatment inhibited cell proliferation of LCLs in a dose-dependent manner. Microarray analysis showed that ISL-treated LCLs represented gene expression changes in cell cycle and p53 signaling pathway, having a potential as regulators in LCL survival and sensitivity to ISL-induced cytotoxicity. In addition, 36 miRNAs including five miRNAs with unknown functions were differentially expressed in ISL-treated LCLs. The integrative analysis of miRNA and gene expression profiles revealed 12 putative mRNA-miRNA functional pairs. Among them, miR-1207-5p and miR-575 were negatively correlated with p53 pathway- and cell cycle-associated genes, respectively. In conclusion, our study suggests that miRNAs play an important role in ISL-induced cytotoxicity in LCLs by targeting signaling pathways including p53 pathway and cell cycle.

Lee, Jae-Eun; Hong, Eun-Jung; Nam, Hye-Young [National Biobank of Korea, Center for Genome Science, Korea National Institute of Health, Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Korea, Republic of)] [National Biobank of Korea, Center for Genome Science, Korea National Institute of Health, Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Korea, Republic of); Hwang, Meeyul [Research Center for Biomedical Resource of Oriental Medicine, Daegu Haany University (Korea, Republic of)] [Research Center for Biomedical Resource of Oriental Medicine, Daegu Haany University (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Ji-Hyun [National Biobank of Korea, Center for Genome Science, Korea National Institute of Health, Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Korea, Republic of)] [National Biobank of Korea, Center for Genome Science, Korea National Institute of Health, Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Korea, Republic of); Han, Bok-Ghee, E-mail: bokghee@nih.go.kr [National Biobank of Korea, Center for Genome Science, Korea National Institute of Health, Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Korea, Republic of)] [National Biobank of Korea, Center for Genome Science, Korea National Institute of Health, Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Korea, Republic of); Jeon, Jae-Pil, E-mail: jpjeon@cdc.go.kr [National Biobank of Korea, Center for Genome Science, Korea National Institute of Health, Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Korea, Republic of)] [National Biobank of Korea, Center for Genome Science, Korea National Institute of Health, Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Korea, Republic of)

2012-10-19

330

Interactions of Streptococcus iniae with phagocytic cell line.  

PubMed

Streptococcus iniae has become one of the most serious aquatic pathogens in the last decade, causing large losses in wild and farmed fish worldwide. There is clear evidence that this pathogen is capable not only of causing serious disease in fish but also of being transferred to and infecting humans. In this study, we investigate the interaction of S. iniae with two murine macrophage cell lines, J774-A1 and RAW 264.7. Cytotoxicity assay demonstrated significant differences between live and UV-light killed IUSA-1 strains. The burst respiratory activity decreased to baseline after 1 and 4 h of exposure for J774-A1 and RAW 264.7, respectively. Immunofluorescent and ultrastructural study of infected cells confirmed the intracellular localization of bacteria at 1 h and 24 h post-infection. Using qRT-PCR arrays, we investigated the changes in the gene expression of immune relevant genes associated with macrophage activation. In this screening, we identified 11 of 84 genes up-regulated, we observed over-expression of pro-inflammatory response as IL-1?, IL-1?, and TNF-?, without a good anti-inflammatory response. Present findings suggest a capacity of S. iniae to modulate a mammalian macrophages cell lines to their survival and replication intracellular, which makes this cell type as a reservoir for continued infection. PMID:24956597

El Aamri, Fatima; Remuzgo-Martínez, S; Acosta, Félix; Real, Fernando; Ramos-Vivas, José; Icardo, José M; Padilla, Daniel

2015-04-01

331

SOLD1 is expressed in bovine trophoblast cell lines and regulates cell invasiveness  

PubMed Central

Background Secreted protein of Ly-6 domain 1 (SOLD1), a secretory-type member of the Ly-6 superfamily, is expressed in both fetal and maternal tissues throughout gestation. SOLD1 mRNA is expressed in the endometrium and in trophoblast mononucleate and binucleate cells, suggesting it plays an important role not only in placental architecture at early gestation, but also in remodeling the endometrium at late gestation. Here, we investigate the expression of SOLD1 mRNA and protein in trophoblast cell lines. In addition, we examine the effect of SOLD1 on the invasive ability of trophoblast cells. Methods We measured SOLD1 gene expression in thirteen bovine trophoblast (BT) cell lines by using quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR). SOLD1 protein levels were examined in two cell lines, BT-C and BT-K, by using Western blotting and immunocytochemistry. In addition, we measured the invasive activity of BT cells in the presence or absence of anti-bovine SOLD1 antibodies. Results At variable levels, SOLD1 was expressed in all thirteen cell lines; however, expression remained below that of proximal fetal membrane tissue. SOLD1 protein, which was approximately 28 kDa in size, was detected in perinuclear area of the cytoplasm in BT cells. Treatment with anti-bovine SOLD1 antibody had a dose-dependent suppressive effect on the invasiveness of BT-K cell lines. Conclusions The present study is the first to investigate SOLD1 expression in vitro, in trophoblastic cell lines. Our data suggested that SOLD1 is involved in the regulation of the trophoblast invasiveness. Therefore, SOLD1 may play an active and crucial role in mediating communication at the fetomaternal interface. PMID:24950590

2014-01-01

332

Nanotopography induced contact guidance of the F11 cell line during neuronal differentiation: a neuronal model cell line for tissue scaffold development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The F11 hybridoma, a dorsal root ganglion-derived cell line, was used to investigate the response of nociceptive sensory neurons to nanotopographical guidance cues. This established this cell line as a model of peripheral sensory neuron growth for tissue scaffold design. Cells were seeded on substrates of cyclic olefin copolymer (COC) films imprinted via nanoimprint lithography (NIL) with a grating pattern

Paul Wieringa; Ilaria Tonazzini; Silvestro Micera; Marco Cecchini

2012-01-01

333

Cell lines with extended in vitro growth potential from human renal proximal tubule: Characterization, response to inducers, and comparison with established cell lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few model systems exist for the study of injury to human renal proximal tubule epithelium. Optimized differentiated human renal epithelial cell lines with extended in vitro growth potential would provide an alternative model system to primary culture or other available non-human mammalian kidney cell lines. For this purpose, human renal tubule epithelial cells were isolated from normal kidney cortex and

Lorraine C. Racusen; C. Monteil; Anita Sgrignoli; Margit Lucskay; S. Marouillat; John G. S. Rhim; Jean-paul Morin

1997-01-01

334

Molecular characterization of oct4-expressing yolk sac endoderm stem cell lines.  

E-print Network

that intermingles with the closely related, anatomically indistinguishable epiblast (EPI)- precursor that gives rise to the fetus. In vitro, the EPI-precursor is represented by the well-known embryonic stem (ES) cell lines, but cell lines representing...

Debeb, Bisrat Godefay

2009-05-15

335

p53 alterations in human squamous cell carcinomas and carcinoma cell lines.  

PubMed Central

p53 alterations were studied in a group of 22 primary squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) of the head and neck and in 10 cell lines derived from SCC. Positive immunohistochemical detection of p53 was accomplished in 10 of 22 primary tumors and in 7 of 10 SCC cell lines. Loss of heterozygosity of chromosome 17p, were the p53 gene is localized, was seen in five of seven SCC lines studied. DNA sequencing of the p53 gene of these five cell lines that had lost one allele showed p53 mutations in the remaining allele. In addition, from six primary SCC that exhibited loss of heterozygosity of chromosome 17p, three showed missense mutations of the p53 gene. The mutations of primary tumors and SCC cell lines were scattered in the midregion of the gene, affecting codons 151, 155, 174, 194, 220, 248, and 273. Five of these mutations modified guanine residues, a phenomenon that has been associated with the effect of carcinogens contained in tobacco smoke. Collectively these data show that approximately 50% of primary tumors and cell lines derived from SCC of the head and neck showed abnormalities of the p53 gene. In addition, it is of interest to note that the most invasive cell lines, as determined in an in vivo assay using xenotransplantation of tumor cells into denuded rat tracheal grafts, exhibited the most intense staining. Similarly, of five very advanced primary tumors, four showed intense p53 immunostain. These observations support the evidence that alterations in this tumor suppressor gene could be related to late events in tumor progression. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 PMID:7682763

Caamano, J.; Zhang, S. Y.; Rosvold, E. A.; Bauer, B.; Klein-Szanto, A. J.

1993-01-01

336

A Conditional Immortalized Mouse Müller Glial Cell Line Expressing Glial and Retinal Stem Cell Genes  

PubMed Central

Purpose. Müller glia have multiple functions in the retina, including synthesis of neurotrophic factors, uptake and metabolism of neurotransmitters, spatial buffering of ions, maintenance of the blood-retinal barrier, and response to injury. A population of Müller glia has some stem cell-like characteristics both in vivo and in vitro. The purpose of this study was to generate and characterize novel Müller glial cell lines from the postnatal mouse retina. Methods. Cells were cultured from postnatal day (P) 10 double heterozygous transgenic (H-2Kb-tsA58/+; HRhoGFP/+) or C57BL/6 mice after papain dissociation. Interferon gamma (IFN?) induction of the SV40 T-antigen (TAg) was assayed by immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis. Proliferation was assayed by BrdU uptake and cell counts of calcein AM/ethidium bromide–stained cells. Gene expression was analyzed by RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry. Results. Conditionally immortalized (ImM10 [Immortmouse Müller P10]) and spontaneously immortalized (C57M10 [C57BL/6 Müller P10]) Müller glial cell lines were selected by differential adherence to laminin; both consisted of adherent flat cells with large, diffusely staining nuclei and an epithelial morphology. TAg induction stimulated BrdU uptake by Müller glia in mixed retinal cultures from H-2Kb-tsA58/+; HRhoGFP/+ mice and increased the proliferation of ImM10 cells. ImM10 and C57M10 cells expressed genes characteristic of Müller glia but not genes characteristic of differentiated retinal neurons. ImM10 cells also expressed retinal stem cell genes. Conclusions. The ImM10 cell line is a novel, conditionally immortalized Müller glial cell line isolated from the P10 mouse retina that expresses genes characteristic of Müller glial and retinal stem cells. PMID:20505190

Phillips, M. Joseph

2010-01-01

337

Breast cancer cell lines carry cell line-specific genomic alterations that are distinct from aberrations in breast cancer tissues: Comparison of the CGH profiles between cancer cell lines and primary cancer tissues  

PubMed Central

Background Cell lines are commonly used in various kinds of biomedical research in the world. However, it remains uncertain whether genomic alterations existing in primary tumor tissues are represented in cell lines and whether cell lines carry cell line-specific genomic alterations. This study was performed to answer these questions. Methods Array-based comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) was employed with 4030 bacterial artificial chromosomes (BACs) that cover the genome at 1.0 megabase resolution to analyze DNA copy number aberrations (DCNAs) in 35 primary breast tumors and 24 breast cancer cell lines. DCNAs were compared between these two groups. A tissue microdissection technique was applied to primary tumor tissues to reduce the contamination of samples by normal tissue components. Results The average number of BAC clones with DCNAs was 1832 (45.3% of spotted clones) and 971 (24.9%) for cell lines and primary tumor tissues, respectively. Gains of 1q and 8q and losses of 8p, 11q, 16q and 17p were detected in >50% of primary cancer tissues. These aberrations were also frequently detected in cell lines. In addition to these alterations, the cell lines showed recurrent genomic alterations including gains of 5p14-15, 20q11 and 20q13 and losses of 4p13-p16, 18q12, 18q21, Xq21.1 and Xq26-q28 that were barely detected in tumor tissue specimens. These are considered to be cell line-specific DCNAs. The frequency of the HER2 amplification was high in both cell lines and tumor tissues, but it was statistically different between cell lines and primary tumors (P = 0.012); 41.3 ± 29.9% for the cell lines and 15.9 ± 18.6% for the tissue specimens. Conclusions Established cell lines carry cell lines-specific DCNAs together with recurrent aberrations detected in primary tumor tissues. It must therefore be emphasized that cell lines do not always represent the genotypes of parental tumor tissues. PMID:20070913

2010-01-01

338

Characterization of a Human Carcinosarcoma Cell Line of the Ovary Established after in Vivo Change of Histologic Differentiation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. Cell lines are valuable in vitro models for clinical and basic research. Most ovarian cancer cell lines described are serous cystadenocarcinomas or poorly differentiated adenocarcinomas. The establishment of ovarian cancer cell lines with rare histologic differentiation is especially of interest. We describe the establishment of a carcinosarcoma cell line of the ovary after in vivo selection.Methods. The cell line

Volker J. Möbus; Claus D. Gerharz; Wolfgang Weikel; Oliver Merk; Liane Dreher; Rolf Kreienberg; Roland Moll

2001-01-01

339

Response of a mouse hybridoma cell line to heat shock, agitation, and sparging  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A mouse hybridoma cell line is used as a model system for studying the effect of environmental stress on attachment-independent mammalian cells. The full time course of recovery for a mouse hybridoma cell line from both a mild and intermediate heat shock is examined. The pattern of intracellular synthesis is compared for actively growing, log phase cells and nondividing, stationary phase cells.

Passini, Cheryl A.; Goochee, Charles F.

1989-01-01

340

Embryonic stem cell lines from human blastocysts: somatic differentiation in vitro  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe the derivation of pluripotent embryonic stem (ES) cells from human blastocysts. Two diploid ES cell lines have been cultivated in vitro for extended periods while maintaining expression of markers characteristic of pluripotent primate cells. Human ES cells express the transcription factor Oct-4, essential for development of pluripotential cells in the mouse. When grafted into SCID mice, both lines

Benjamin E. Reubinoff; Chui-Yee Fong; Alan Trounson; Ariff Bongso; Martin F. Pera

2000-01-01

341

Transfer of a human chromosomal vector from a hamster cell line to a mouse embryonic stem cell line.  

PubMed

Two transchromosomic mouse embryonic stem (ES) sublines (ESMClox1.5 and ESMClox2.1) containing a human minichromosome (MC) were established from a sample of hybrid colonies isolated in fusion experiments between a normal diploid mouse ES line and a Chinese hamster ovary line carrying the MC. DNA cytometric and chromosome analyses of ESMClox1.5 and ESMClox2.1 indicated a mouse chromosome complement with a heteroploid constitution in a subtetraploid range; the karyotypes showed various degrees of polysomy for different chromosomes. A single copy of the MC was found in the majority of cells in all the isolated hybrid colonies and was stably maintained in the established sublines for more than 100 cell generations either with or without the selective agent. No significant differences from the ES parental cells were observed in growth characteristics of the transchromosomic ES sublines. ESMClox1.5 cells were unable to grow in soft agar; when cultured in hanging drops, they formed embryoid bodies, and when inoculated in nude mice, they produced teratomas. They were able to express the early development markers Oct4 and Nanog, as demonstrated by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction assay. All these features are in common with the ES parental line. Further research using the transchromosomic ES sublines described here may allow gene expression studies on transferred human minichromosomes and could shed light on the relationships among ploidy, pluripotency, cell transformation, and tumorigenesis. Disclosure of potential conflicts of interest is found at the end of this article. PMID:17615268

Paulis, Marianna; Bensi, Mirella; Orioli, Donata; Mondello, Chiara; Mazzini, Giuliano; D'Incalci, Maurizio; Falcioni, Cristiano; Radaelli, Enrico; Erba, Eugenio; Raimondi, Elena; De Carli, Luigi

2007-10-01

342

Equilibrium and kinetic analysis of Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus attachment to different insect cell lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

The kinetic and equilibrium attachment of Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus (AcMNPV) to seven insect cell lines was evaluated. Kinetic experi- ments revealed differences of up to 10-fold in the infection rates among cell lines. Equilibrium binding also varied between cell lines and was saturable. The Tn 5B1-4 and Tn F cell lines had the highest virus binding affinities and

T. J. Wickham; M. L. Shuler; D. A. Hammer; R. R. Granados; H. A. Wood

1992-01-01

343

Table 1. Expression of the endogenous B29 gene in lymphocyte lines Cell line B29 level  

E-print Network

Cell line B29 level Herpesvirus Burkitt lymphomas Multiple myelomas BJAB 4.7 neg AF-10 1.5 ND BJAB-B1 neg ND 2F7 2.2 EBV Primary effusion lymphomas Diffuse large B cell lymphomas BC-1 neg EBV, HHV-8 KS-2 of 1.0 for B29 expression in the diffuse large B cell lymphoma line R, as determined by Phosphor

Jacobsen, Steve

344

DNA repair in human promyelocytic cell line, HL-60.  

PubMed Central

The human promyelocytic cell line, HL-60, shows large changes in endogenous poly(ADP-ribose) and in nuclear ADP-ribosyl transferase activity (ADPRT) during its induced myelocytic differentiation. DNA strand-breaks are an essential activator for this enzyme; and transient DNA strand breaks occur during the myelocytic differentiation of HL-60 cells. We have tested the hypothesis that these post-mitotic, terminally differentiating cells are less efficient in DNA repair, and specifically in DNA strand rejoining, than their proliferating precursor cells. We have found that this hypothesis is not tenable. We observe that there is no detectable reduction in the efficiency of DNA excision repair after exposure to either dimethyl sulphate or gamma-irradiation in HL-60 cells induced to differentiate by dimethyl sulphoxide. Moreover, the efficient excision repair of either dimethyl sulphate or gamma-irradiation induced lesions, both in the differentiated and undifferentiated HL-60 cells, is blocked by the inhibition of ADPRT activity. Images PMID:3106934

Farzaneh, F; Feon, S; Lebby, R A; Brill, D; David, J C; Shall, S

1987-01-01

345

Retinal Pigment Epithelial Cell Line Suppression of Phagolysosome Activation  

PubMed Central

The eye is an immune privileged tissue with multiple mechanisms of immunosuppression to protect the light gathering tissues from the damage of inflammation. One of theses mechanisms involves retinal pigment epithelial cell suppression of phagosome activation in macrophages. The objective of this work is to determine if the human RPE cell line ARPE-19 is capable of suppressing the activation of the phagolysosome in macrophages in a manner similar to primary RPE. The conditioned media of RPE eyecups, sub-confluent, just confluent cultures, or established confluent cultures of human ARPE-19 cells were generated. These condition media were used to treat macrophages phagocytizing pHrodo bioparticles. After 24 hours incubation the macrophages were imaged by fluorescent microscopy, and fluorescence was measured. The fluorescent intensity is proportional to the amount of bioparticles phagocytized and are in an activated phagolysosome. The conditioned media of in situ mouse RPE eyecups significantly suppressed the activation of phagolysosome. The conditioned media from cultures of human ARPE-19 cells, grown to sub-confluence (50%) or grown to confluence had no effect on phagolysosome activation. In contrast, the conditioned media from established confluent cultures significantly suppressed phagolysosome activation. The neuropeptides alpha-MSH and NPY were depleted from the conditioned media of established confluent ARPE-19 cell cultures. This depleted conditioned media had diminished suppression of phagolysosome activation while promoting macrophage cell death. In addition, the condition media from cultures of ARPE-19 monolayers wounded with a bisecting scrape was diminished in suppressing phagolysosome activation. This technical report suggests that like primary RPE monolayers, established confluent cultures of ARPE-19 cells produce soluble factors that suppress the activation of macrophages, and can be used to study the molecular mechanisms of retinal immunobiology. In addition, the results further demonstrate the importance of an intact monolayer of RPE cells to modulate immune cell activity within the eye.

Taylor, AW; Dixit, S; Yu, J

2015-01-01

346

Metformin inhibits growth and sensitizes osteosarcoma cell lines to cisplatin through cell cycle modulation.  

PubMed

Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common cancer that affects the bone and appears to be resistant to several chemotherapeutic drugs. The aim of the present study was to verify whether the combination of metformin and cisplatin has an effect on OS cell lines. OS cell lines U2OS, 143B and MG63 were treated with metformin, cisplatin or a combination of both drugs. Viability, apoptosis and cell cycle were evaluated to characterize the effects of the treatments. Western blot analyses were used to evaluate protein expression. All OS cell lines were found to be sensitive to metformin with different values of IC50, showing a slowdown of cell cycle associated or not with apoptosis. In particular, metformin was able to sensitize cells to cisplatin, to which all OS cell lines were resistant, demonstrating a synergistic effect in the combined treatment of the two drugs. The data obtained may have clinical relevance for novel therapeutic strategies for the treatment of OS; metformin inhibits tumor cell growth and amplifies the effect of cisplatin. PMID:24253938

Quattrini, Irene; Conti, Amalia; Pazzaglia, Laura; Novello, Chiara; Ferrari, Stefano; Picci, Piero; Benassi, Maria Serena

2014-01-01

347

3-Bromopyruvate induces necrotic cell death in sensitive melanoma cell lines  

SciTech Connect

Clinicians successfully utilize high uptake of radiolabeled glucose via PET scanning to localize metastases in melanoma patients. To take advantage of this altered metabolome, 3-bromopyruvate (BrPA) was used to overcome the notorious resistance of melanoma to cell death. Using four melanoma cell lines, BrPA triggered caspase independent necrosis in two lines, whilst the other two lines were resistant to killing. Mechanistically, sensitive cells differed from resistant cells by; constitutively lower levels of glutathione, reduction of glutathione by BrPA only in sensitive cells; increased superoxide anion reactive oxygen species, loss of outer mitochondrial membrane permeability, and rapid ATP depletion. Sensitive cell killing was blocked by N-acetylcysteine or glutathione. When glutathione levels were reduced in resistant cell lines, they became sensitive to killing by BrPA. Taken together, these results identify a metabolic-based Achilles' heel in melanoma cells to be exploited by use of BrPA. Future pre-clinical and clinical trials are warranted to translate these results into improved patient care for individuals suffering from metastatic melanoma.

Qin, J.-Z.; Xin, H. [Oncology Institute, Cardinal Bernardin Cancer Center, Loyola University of Chicago Medical Center (United States)] [Oncology Institute, Cardinal Bernardin Cancer Center, Loyola University of Chicago Medical Center (United States); Nickoloff, B.J., E-mail: bnickol@lumc.edu [Oncology Institute, Cardinal Bernardin Cancer Center, Loyola University of Chicago Medical Center (United States)

2010-05-28

348

3-Bromopyruvate induces necrotic cell death in sensitive melanoma cell lines.  

PubMed

Clinicians successfully utilize high uptake of radiolabeled glucose via PET scanning to localize metastases in melanoma patients. To take advantage of this altered metabolome, 3-bromopyruvate (BrPA) was used to overcome the notorious resistance of melanoma to cell death. Using four melanoma cell lines, BrPA triggered caspase independent necrosis in two lines, whilst the other two lines were resistant to killing. Mechanistically, sensitive cells differed from resistant cells by; constitutively lower levels of glutathione, reduction of glutathione by BrPA only in sensitive cells; increased superoxide anion reactive oxygen species, loss of outer mitochondrial membrane permeability, and rapid ATP depletion. Sensitive cell killing was blocked by N-acetylcysteine or glutathione. When glutathione levels were reduced in resistant cell lines, they became sensitive to killing by BrPA. Taken together, these results identify a metabolic-based Achilles' heel in melanoma cells to be exploited by use of BrPA. Future pre-clinical and clinical trials are warranted to translate these results into improved patient care for individuals suffering from metastatic melanoma. PMID:20430010

Qin, J-Z; Xin, H; Nickoloff, B J

2010-05-28

349

Light can rescue auxin-dependent synchrony of cell division in a tobacco cell line.  

PubMed

Pattern formation in plants has to cope with ambient variability and therefore must integrate environmental cues such as light. Synchrony of cell divisions was previously observed in cell files of tobacco suspension cultures, which represents a simple case of pattern formation. To develop cellular approaches for light-dependent patterning, light-responsive tobacco cell lines were screened from the cell line Nicotiana tabacum L. cv. Virginia Bright Italia 0 (VBI-0). The light responsive and auxin-autonomous cell line VBI-3 was isolated. As in the progenitor line VBI-0, cell divisions are synchronized in VBI-3 during exponential growth phase. This synchrony can be inhibited by 1-N-naphthylphthalamic acid, an auxin transport inhibitor, and this process was accompanied by the disassembly of actin filaments. However, the synchrony could be rescued when the cells were cultured under white light or with exogenous indolyl-3-acetic acid. The rescue was most efficient for continuous far-red light followed by continuous blue light, whereas continuous red light was least effective. These findings are discussed in the context of phytochrome-induced auxin biosynthesis and auxin-dependent synchrony of cell division. PMID:19884227

Qiao, Fei; Petrásek, Jan; Nick, Peter

2010-01-01

350

Cytotoxic effects of mistletoe (Viscum album L.) in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cell lines.  

PubMed

Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma is a complex disease with several etiologic factors and different molecular changes that may trigger certain events; it is also globally one of the most common malignancies in this topography. Extracts from Viscum album L. (VA) (mistletoe) have been used as adjuvant therapies with promising results in several types of cancer, mainly in European countries. In vitro studies have demonstrated that various types of VA may have cytotoxicity in carcinoma cells, activating the apoptotic cascade or leading cells to necrosis. This study aimed to verify the effects of three types of VA extracts (Iscador Qu Spezial, Iscador P and Iscador M) in squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue cell lines SCC9 and SCC25, not previously studied. A concentration of 0.3 mg/ml (IC50) of the drugs induced apoptosis, affecting gene expression and protein levels of AKT, PTEN and CYCLIN D1. It was concluded that VA extracts have a cytotoxic effect on SCC9 and SCC25 cell lines, but while SCC9 cell line was more resistant to the action of the drugs, Iscador Qu Spezial and Iscador M have higher cytotoxic potential in both cell lines compared to Iscador P. PMID:24026291

Klingbeil, Ma Fátima G; Xavier, Flávia C A; Sardinha, Luiz R; Severino, Patricia; Mathor, Monica B; Rodrigues, Rodrigo V; Pinto, Décio S

2013-11-01

351

Amphibian Cell Culture: Permanent Cell Line from the Bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana)  

Microsoft Academic Search

A line of fibroblast cells has been established from tongue tissue of the bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana). The cells are near-triploid and were subcultured 57 times during the 22\\/3 years of their existence. Some of their characteristics are described.

Ken Wolf; M. C. Quimby

1964-01-01

352

Is radiosensitive cell line cross-sensitive to heat?: Effect of heat on two rat yolk sac tumor cell lines with different radiosensitivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The differences between two rat yolk sac tumor cell lines, which are of the same origin but differ in their response to irradiation, in thermal sensitivity and development of thermotolerance were investigated. A radiosensitive cell line NMT-1 is consistently less heat sensitive than the radioresistant cell line NMT-1R. The thermotolerances in NMT-1 and in NMT-1R preheated at 43°C for 30

Norio Mitsuhashi; Mohammad Shahidul Islam; Hideyuki Sakurai; Takeo Takahashi; Osamu Murata; Katsuya Maebayashi; Miwako Nozaki; Tetsuo Akimoto; Hiroyuki Muramatsu; Hideo Niibe

1999-01-01

353

Activin promotes astrocytic differentiation of a multipotent neural stem cell line and an astrocyte progenitor cell line from murine central nervous system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effects of activin A were investigated on the development of a multipotent neural stem cell line (MEB5) and an astrocyte progenitor cell line (AP-16) that were established from murine central nervous system (CNS). Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis demonstrated that each cell line expresses both type I and type II activin receptors and signaling molecules for activin, Smad2,

Motonobu Satoh; Hiromu Sugino; Touho Yoshida

2000-01-01

354

Establishment and characterization of a cell line from human circulating colon cancer cells.  

PubMed

Circulating tumor cells (CTC) in blood are promising new biomarkers potentially useful for prognostic prediction and monitoring of therapies in patients with solid tumors including colon cancer. Moreover, CTC research opens a new avenue for understanding the biology of metastasis in patients with cancer. However, an in-depth investigation of CTCs is hampered by the very low number of these cells, especially in the blood of patients with colorectal cancer. Thus, the establishment of cell cultures and permanent cell lines from CTCs has become the most challenging task over the past year. Here, we describe, for the first time, the establishment of cell cultures and a permanent cell line from CTCs of one patient with colon cancer. The cell line designated CTC-MCC-41 has been cultured for more than one year, and the cells have been characterized at the genome, transcriptome, proteome, and secretome levels. This thorough analysis showed that CTC-MCC-41 cells resemble characteristics of the original tumor cells in the patient with colon cancer and display a stable phenotype characterized by an intermediate epithelial/mesenchymal phenotype, stem cell-like properties, and an osteomimetic signature, indicating a bone marrow origin. Functional studies showed that CTC-MCC-41 cells induced rapidly in vitro endothelial cell tube formation and in vivo tumors after xenografting in immunodeficient mice. The establishment of this first colon cancer CTC line allows now a wealth of functional studies on the biology of CTCs as well as in vitro and in vivo drug testing. Cancer Res; 75(5); 892-901. ©2015 AACR. PMID:25592149

Cayrefourcq, Laure; Mazard, Thibault; Joosse, Simon; Solassol, Jérôme; Ramos, Jeanne; Assenat, Eric; Schumacher, Udo; Costes, Valérie; Maudelonde, Thierry; Pantel, Klaus; Alix-Panabières, Catherine

2015-03-01

355

Cloning of human XAF1 gene promoter and assay of its transcription activity in a variety of cell lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

To investigate the regulation of tumor suppressor XAF1 gene expression in digestive system cancers, we studied XAF1 gene promoter\\u000a transcription activity and mRNA level in digestive system cancer cell lines (human hepatoma cell line HepG2, human colon cancer\\u000a cell line LoVo, and human gastric cancer cell line AGS) and nontumor cell lines (human embryonic liver cell line L02 (L02\\u000a cells)

Qiong Chen; Qing Yu; Yuhu Song; Peiyuan Li; Ying Chang; Zhijun Wang; Lifeng Liu; Wei Wu; Jusheng Lin

2009-01-01

356

9 CFR 113.52 - Requirements for cell lines used for production of biologics.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Requirements for cell lines used for production of biologics...Requirements § 113.52 Requirements for cell lines used for production of biologics...or in a filed Outline of Production each cell line used to prepare a biological...

2010-01-01

357

9 CFR 113.52 - Requirements for cell lines used for production of biologics.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Requirements for cell lines used for production of biologics...Requirements § 113.52 Requirements for cell lines used for production of biologics...or in a filed Outline of Production each cell line used to prepare a biological...

2011-01-01

358

Exploring the Transcriptome Space of a Recombinant BHK Cell Line Through Next  

E-print Network

Exploring the Transcriptome Space of a Recombinant BHK Cell Line Through Next Generation Sequencing Abstract: Baby Hamster Kidney (BHK) cell lines are used in the production of veterinary vaccines and recombinant proteins. To facilitate transcriptome analysis of BHK cell lines, we embarked on an effort

Karypis, George

359

LETTER doi:10.1038/nature11003 The Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia enables predictive  

E-print Network

LETTER doi:10.1038/nature11003 The Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia enables predictive modelling and pharmacological annotation is available1 . Here we describe the Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia (CCLE cancer cell lines. When coupled with pharmacological profiles for 24 anticancer drugs across 479of

Kaski, Samuel

360

Establishment and Characterization of Seven Continuous Cell Lines from Freshwater Fish  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seven continuous cell lines were established from salmonid and nonsalmonid fishes. Salmonid cell lines derived from rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss and chum salmon O. keta were designated RTE and RTE-2 (rainbow trout embryo), RTT (rainbow trout tail), and SEH (“sake” or chum salmon embryo head). Nonsalmonid cell lines derived from pond smelt Hypomesus olidus, chevron snakehead Channa striata, and goldfish

R. D. Fernandez; M. Yoshimizu; T. Kimura; Y. Ezura

1993-01-01

361

CpG island methylation is a common finding in colorectal cancer cell lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tumour cell lines are commonly used in colorectal cancer (CRC) research, including studies designed to assess methylation defects. Although many of the known genetic aberrations in CRC cell lines have been comprehensively described, no studies have been performed on their methylation status. In this study, 30 commonly used CRC cell lines as well as seven primary tumours from individuals with

C M Suter; M Norrie; S L Ku; K F Cheong; I Tomlinson; R L Ward

2003-01-01

362

Discriminating Normal and Cancerous Thyroid Cell Lines using Implicit Context Representation Cartesian Genetic Programming  

E-print Network

Discriminating Normal and Cancerous Thyroid Cell Lines using Implicit Context Representation a method for discrimi- nating between thyroid cell lines. Five commercial thyroid cell lines were obtained common thyroid malignancy, followed by follicular carcinoma. Both of these cancers have a high chance

Fernandez, Thomas

363

Investigation of Freeze-Linings in Aluminum Production Cells  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The molten cryolite bath creates chemically a very aggressive environment in the Hall-Héroult cell, and thus, the formation of a protective solid layer (freeze-lining) on the cell wall is essential for the operation of the present cell designs. To provide further information on the formation of the freeze-lining deposit in this system, laboratory-based studies were undertaken using an air-cooled probe technique The effects of process conditions, i.e., time, bath agitation, and superheat on the microstructures, morphologies of the phases, and the phase assemblages adjacent to the deposit/bath interface were investigated. A detailed microstructural analysis of the steady-state deposits shows that a dense sealing primary-phase layer of cryolite solid solution was formed at the interface of the bath deposit for the process conditions examined. The formation of sealing primary-phase layer at the bath/deposit interface explicitly indicates that the deposit/liquid bath interface temperature is equal to that of the liquidus of the bulk bath. The experimentally investigated liquidus temperature and subliquidus equilibria differ significantly from those previously reported.

Fallah-Mehrjardi, Ata; Hayes, Peter C.; Jak, Evgueni

2014-08-01

364

[Comparative study of MDCK and CaCo-2 cell lines for influenza virus isolation].  

PubMed

Study of effectiveness of CaCo-2 cell line for influenza virus isolation was carried out. It was shown that the properties of this cell line strongly depended on the source of its origin and cultivation conditions. The infectious activity of the influenza viruses on CaCo-2 cell line was virtually the same as in the MDCK cell line. The rate of the viral isolation was virtually identical for both cell lines tested, but viruses from post-mortem materials were isolated only in CaCo-2 cell line. In general, the CaCo-2 line is believed to be a valuable cell line for virological research, particularly for influenza virus isolation. PMID:25069285

Danilenko, D M; Smirnova, T D; Gudkova, T M; Prokopets, A V; Bil'danova, E R; Kadyrova, R A; Slita, A V; Eropkin, M Iu

2014-01-01

365

Red Cell Apheresis with Automated In-Line Filtration  

PubMed Central

Summary Background The aim of this study was to provide data on concurrent red blood cell (RBC) and platelet (PLT) apheresis with RBC in-line leukoreduction and automated addition of saline-adenine-glucose-mannitol (SAGM) using the new version (V6.0) of Trima Accel®. Methods In this two-center paired study, each subject completed a test and a control procedure with an interval of 9 weeks between procedures. In the test arm, single RBC and PLT units were collected on the Trima Accel V6.0 (in-line leukofiltration and automated addition of SAGM). In the control arm, they were collected on Trima Accel V5.1/V5.2 (post-collection leukoreduction, manual SAGM addition). RBC percent hemolysis, potassium concentration and adenosine triphosphate over storage, hemoglobin (Hb) yield, and residual white blood cells (WBC) were determined. Results 34 subjects successfully completed both test and control procedures. Post-storage hemolysis was similar in both groups, and all values were less than 0.8% for both arms. Residual WBC counts in all RBC units were less than 1 × 106/unit. In-line processed RBC units (V6.0) have a significantly higher volume and more Hb/unit due to filtration recovery improvements. All procedures were well tolerated by the subjects. Conclusion In-line filtration and automated addition of storage solution on Trima Accel V6.0 allows collection of ready-to-use RBC units that meet EU requirements. PMID:24847185

Matthes, Gert; Ingilizov, Marin; Dobao, Maria Luz; Marques, Susana; Callaert, Martine

2014-01-01

366

Impaired Accessory Cell Function in a Human Dendritic Cell Line after Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection  

Microsoft Academic Search

We generated human dendritic cell (DC) hybridoma cell lines by fusing HGPRT-deficient promonocytic U937 cells with immature DCs obtained by culturing peripheral blood monocytes with interleukin-4 (IL-4; 1,000 U\\/ml) and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (100 U\\/ml) for 7 days and mature DCs by treatment with tumor necrosis factor alpha (12.5 g\\/ml) for 3 days. Only one fusion with immature DCs was

Prarthana Beuria; Houchu Chen; Michael Timoney; Kirk Sperber

2005-01-01

367

Curcumin downregulates cell survival mechanisms in human prostate cancer cell lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the role of nuclear transcription factor activator protein-1 (AP-1) in cell proliferation, and of nuclear factor-?B (NF-?B) in the suppression of apoptosis are known, their role in survival of prostate cancer cells is not well understood. We investigated the role of NF-?B and AP-1 in the survival of human androgen-independent (DU145) and -dependent (LNCaP) prostate cancer cell lines. Our

Asok Mukhopadhyay; Carlos Bueso-Ramos; Devasis Chatterjee; Panayotis Pantazis; Bharat B Aggarwal

2001-01-01

368

Targeting FoxM1 transcription factor in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia cell line.  

PubMed

The Forkhead box protein M1 (FoxM1) is an important transcription factor having significant roles in various cellular events. FoxM1 overexpression has been reported to be related with many types of cancer. However, it is not known whether it contributes to oncogenesis of acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Siomycin A, a thiazol antibiotic, is known to inhibit FoxM1 transcriptional activity. In this study, we aimed to determine gene expression levels of FoxM1 in Jurkat cells (T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia cell line) and therapeutic potential of targeting FoxM1 by siomycin A alone and in combination with dexamethasone which improves the survival of children with T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). We also examined the molecular mechanisms of siomycin A and dexamethasone-induced cell death in Jurkat cells. We demonstrated that FoxM1 mRNA is highly expressed in Jurkat cells. Dexamethasone and siomycin A caused a significant reduction in gene expression levels of FoxM1 in Jurkat cells. Targeting FoxM1 by siomycin A and dexamethasone caused a significant decrease in T-ALL cell line proliferation through induction of G1 cell cycle arrest. All these findings suggest a possible role of FoxM1 in T-cell ALL pathogenesis and represent FoxM1 as an attractive target for T-cell ALL therapy. PMID:25557384

Tüfekçi, Özlem; Yand?m, Melis Kartal; Ören, Hale; ?rken, Gülersu; Baran, Yusuf

2015-03-01

369

Sourcing human embryos for embryonic stem cell lines: Problems & perspectives  

PubMed Central

The ability to successfully derive human embryonic stem cells (hESC) lines from human embryos following in vitro fertilization (IVF) opened up a plethora of potential applications of this technique. These cell lines could have been successfully used to increase our understanding of human developmental biology, transplantation medicine and the emerging science of regenerative medicine. The main source for human embryos has been ‘discarded’ or ‘spare’ fresh or frozen human embryos following IVF. It is a common practice to stimulate the ovaries of women undergoing any of the assisted reproductive technologies (ART) and retrieve multiple oocytes which subsequently lead to multiple embryos. Of these, only two or maximum of three embryos are transferred while the rest are cryopreserved as per the decision of the couple. In case a couple does not desire to ‘cryopreserve’ their embryos then all the embryos remaining following embryo transfer can be considered ‘spare’ or if a couple is no longer in need of the ‘cryopreserved’ embryos then these also can be considered as ‘spare’. But, the question raised by the ethicists is, “what about ‘slightly’ over-stimulating a woman to get a few extra eggs and embryos? The decision becomes more difficult when it comes to ‘discarded’ embryos. As of today, the quality of the embryos is primarily assessed based on morphology and the rate of development mainly judged by single point assessment. Despite many criteria described in the literature, the quality assessment is purely subjective. The question that arises is on the decision of ‘discarding’ embryos. What would be the criteria for discarding embryos and the potential ‘use’ of ESC derived from the ‘abnormal appearing’ embryos? This paper discusses some of the newer methods to procure embryos for the derivation of embryonic stem cell lines which will respect the ethical concerns but still provide the source material. PMID:25673530

Mehta, Rajvi H.

2014-01-01

370

Ribavirin and interferon-beta synergistically inhibit SARS-associated coronavirus replication in animal and human cell lines.  

PubMed

Initial in vitro investigations demonstrated type I interferons (IFNs: IFN-alpha, IFN-beta) to inhibit replication of SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV), but found the nucleoside analogue ribavirin ineffective in Vero cells. In this report, ribavirin was shown to inhibit SARS-CoV replication in five different cell types of animal or human origin at therapeutically achievable concentrations. Since clinical anti-SARS-CoV activity of type I interferons or ribavirin is limited, we investigated the combination of IFN-beta and ribavirin. Determination of the virus yield indicated highly synergistic anti-SARS-CoV action of the combination suggesting the consideration of ribavirin plus IFN-beta for the treatment of SARS. PMID:15607755

Morgenstern, Birgit; Michaelis, Martin; Baer, Patrick C; Doerr, Hans W; Cinatl, Jindrich

2005-01-28

371

PACAP protects against TNF?-induced cell death in olfactory epithelium and olfactory placodal cell lines.  

PubMed

In mouse olfactory epithelium (OE), pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating peptide (PACAP) protects against axotomy-induced apoptosis. We used mouse OE to determine whether PACAP protects neurons during exposure to the inflammatory cytokine TNF?. Live slices of neonatal mouse OE were treated with 40 ng/ml TNF? ± 40nM PACAP for 6h and dying cells were live-labeled with 0.5% propidium iodide. TNF? significantly increased the percentage of dying cells while co-incubation with PACAP prevented cell death. PACAP also prevented TNF?-mediated cell death in the olfactory placodal (OP) cell lines, OP6 and OP27. Although OP cell lines express all three PACAP receptors (PAC1, VPAC1,VPAC2), PACAP's protection of these cells from TNF? was mimicked by the specific PAC1 receptor agonist maxadilan and abolished by the PAC1 antagonist PACAP6-38. Treatment of OP cell lines with blockers or activators of the PLC and AC/MAPKK pathways revealed that PACAP-mediated protection from TNF? involved both pathways. PACAP may therefore function through PAC1 receptors to protect neurons from cell death during inflammatory cytokine release in vivo as would occur upon viral infection or allergic rhinitis-associated injury. PMID:20654718

Kanekar, Shami; Gandham, Mahendra; Lucero, Mary T

2010-12-01

372

Establishment of a pancreatic stem cell line from fibroblast-derived induced pluripotent stem cells  

PubMed Central

Background For cell therapies to treat diabetes, it is important to produce a sufficient number of pancreatic endocrine cells that function similarly to primary islets. Induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells represent a potentially unlimited source of functional pancreatic endocrine cells. However, the use of iPS cells for laboratory studies and cell-based therapies is hampered by their high tumorigenic potential and limited ability to generate pure populations of differentiated cell types in vitro. The purpose of this study was to establish a pancreatic stem cell line from iPS cells derived from mouse fibroblasts. Methods Mouse iPS cells were induced to differentiate into insulin-producing cells by a multi-step differentiation protocol, which was conducted as described previously with minor modifications. Selection of the pancreatic stem cell was based on morphology and Pdx1 expression. The pancreatic potential of the pancreatic stem cells was evaluated using a reverse transcription PCR, real-time PCR, immunofluorescence, and a glucose challenge test. To assess potential tumorigenicity of the pancreatic stem cells, the cells were injected into the quadriceps femoris muscle of the left hindlimb of nude mice. Results The iPS-derived pancreatic stem cells expressed the transcription factor –Pdx1– a marker of pancreatic development, and continued to divide actively beyond passage 80. Endocrine cells derived from these pancreatic stem cells expressed insulin and pancreatic genes, and they released insulin in response to glucose stimulation. Mice injected with the pancreatic stem cells did not develop tumors, in contrast to mice injected with an equal number of iPS cells. Conclusion This strategy provides a new approach for generation of insulin-producing cells that is more efficient and safer than using iPS cells. We believe that this approach will help to develop a patient-specific cell transplantation therapy for diabetes in the near future. PMID:24886514

2014-01-01

373

Gene expression analysis of cell death induction by Taurolidine in different malignant cell lines  

PubMed Central

Background The anti-infective agent Taurolidine (TRD) has been shown to have cell death inducing properties, but the mechanism of its action is largely unknown. The aim of this study was to identify potential common target genes modulated at the transcriptional level following TRD treatment in tumour cell lines originating from different cancer types. Methods Five different malignant cell lines (HT29, Chang Liver, HT1080, AsPC-1 and BxPC-3) were incubated with TRD (100 ?M, 250 ?M and 1000 ?M). Proliferation after 8 h and cell viability after 24 h were analyzed by BrdU assay and FACS analysis, respectively. Gene expression analyses were carried out using the Agilent -microarray platform to indentify genes which displayed conjoint regulation following the addition of TRD in all cell lines. Candidate genes were subjected to Ingenuity Pathways Analysis and selected genes were validated by qRT-PCR and Western Blot. Results TRD 250 ?M caused a significant inhibition of proliferation as well as apoptotic cell death in all cell lines. Among cell death associated genes with the strongest regulation in gene expression, we identified pro-apoptotic transcription factors (EGR1, ATF3) as well as genes involved in the ER stress response (PPP1R15A), in ubiquitination (TRAF6) and mitochondrial apoptotic pathways (PMAIP1). Conclusions This is the first conjoint analysis of potential target genes of TRD which was performed simultaneously in different malignant cell lines. The results indicate that TRD might be involved in different signal transduction pathways leading to apoptosis. PMID:21034493

2010-01-01

374

Isolation and Enrichment of Mouse Female Germ Line Stem Cells  

PubMed Central

Objective The existence of female germ-line stem cells (FGSCs) has been the subject of a wide range of recent studies. Successful isolation and culture of FGSCs could facilitate studies on regenerative medicine and infertility treatments in the near future. Our aim in the present study was evaluation of the most commonly used techniques in enrichment of FGSCs and in establishment of the best procedure. Materials and Methods In this experimental study, after digesting neonate ovary from C57Bl/6 mice, we performed 2 different isolation experiments: magnetic activated cell sorting (MACS) and pre-plating. MACS was applied using two different antibodies against mouse vasa homolog (MVH) and stage-specific embryonic antigen-1 (SSEA1) markers. After the cells were passaged and proliferated in vitro, colony-forming cells were characterized using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) (for analysis of expression of Oct4, Nanog, C-kit, Fragilis, Mvh, Dazl, Scp3 and Zp3), alkaline phosphatase (AP) activity test and immunocytochemistry. Results Data showed that colonies can be seen more frequently in pre-plating technique than that in MACS. Using the SSEA1 antibody with MACS, 1.98 ± 0.49% (Mean ± SDV) positive cells were yield as compared to the total cells sorted. The colonies formed after pre-plating expressed pluripotency and germ stem cell markers (Oct4, Nanog, C-kit, Fragilis, Mvh and Dazl) whereas did not express Zp3 and Scp3 at the mRNA level. Immunocytochemistry in these colonies further confirmed the presence of OCT4 and MVH proteins, and AP activity measured by AP-kit showed positive reaction. Conclusion We established a simple and an efficient pre-plating technique to culture and to enrich FGSCs from neonatal mouse ovaries. PMID:25685731

Khosravi-Farsani, Somayeh; Amidi, Fardin; Habibi Roudkenar, Mehryar; Sobhani, Aligholi

2015-01-01

375

Quantitative assessment of telomerase components in cancer cell lines.  

PubMed

Besides its canonical function of catalyzing the formation of telomeric repeats, many groups have recently reported non-canonical functions of hTERT in particular, and telomerase in general. Regulating transcription is the central basis of non-canonical functions of telomerase. However, unlike reverse transcriptase activity of telomerase that requires only a few molecules of enzymatically active hTERT, non-canonical functions of hTERT or other telomerase components theoretically require several hundred copies. Here, we provide the first direct quantification of all the telomerase components in human cancer cell lines. We demonstrate that telomerase components do not exist in a 1:1 stoichiometric ratio, and there are several hundred copies of hTERT in cells. This provides the molecular basis of hTERT to function in other signaling cascades, including transcription. PMID:25749370

Ak?nc?lar, Semih Can; Low, Kee Chung; Liu, Chia Yi; Yan, Ting Dong; Oji, Asami; Ikawa, Masahito; Li, Shang; Tergaonkar, Vinay

2015-04-13

376

A Cell-Permeable Fluorescent Polymeric Thermometer for Intracellular Temperature Mapping in Mammalian Cell Lines  

PubMed Central

Changes in intracellular temperatures reflect the activity of the cell. Thus, the tool to measure intracellular temperatures could provide valuable information about cellular status. We previously reported a method to analyze the intracellular temperature distribution using a fluorescent polymeric thermometer (FPT) in combination with fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM). Intracellular delivery of the FPT used in the previous study required microinjection. We now report a novel FPT that is cell permeable and highly photostable, and we describe the application of this FPT to the imaging of intracellular temperature distributions in various types of mammalian cell lines. This cell-permeable FPT displayed a temperature resolution of 0.05°C to 0.54°C within the range from 28°C to 38°C in HeLa cell extracts. Using our optimized protocol, this cell-permeable FPT spontaneously diffused into HeLa cells within 10 min of incubation and exhibited minimal toxicity over several hours of observation. FLIM analysis confirmed a temperature difference between the nucleus and the cytoplasm and heat production near the mitochondria, which were also detected previously using the microinjected FPT. We also showed that this cell-permeable FPT protocol can be applied to other mammalian cell lines, COS7 and NIH/3T3 cells. Thus, this cell-permeable FPT represents a promising tool to study cellular states and functions with respect to temperature. PMID:25692871

Hayashi, Teruyuki; Fukuda, Nanaho; Uchiyama, Seiichi; Inada, Noriko

2015-01-01

377

A cell-permeable fluorescent polymeric thermometer for intracellular temperature mapping in Mammalian cell lines.  

PubMed

Changes in intracellular temperatures reflect the activity of the cell. Thus, the tool to measure intracellular temperatures could provide valuable information about cellular status. We previously reported a method to analyze the intracellular temperature distribution using a fluorescent polymeric thermometer (FPT) in combination with fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM). Intracellular delivery of the FPT used in the previous study required microinjection. We now report a novel FPT that is cell permeable and highly photostable, and we describe the application of this FPT to the imaging of intracellular temperature distributions in various types of mammalian cell lines. This cell-permeable FPT displayed a temperature resolution of 0.05°C to 0.54°C within the range from 28°C to 38°C in HeLa cell extracts. Using our optimized protocol, this cell-permeable FPT spontaneously diffused into HeLa cells within 10 min of incubation and exhibited minimal toxicity over several hours of observation. FLIM analysis confirmed a temperature difference between the nucleus and the cytoplasm and heat production near the mitochondria, which were also detected previously using the microinjected FPT. We also showed that this cell-permeable FPT protocol can be applied to other mammalian cell lines, COS7 and NIH/3T3 cells. Thus, this cell-permeable FPT represents a promising tool to study cellular states and functions with respect to temperature. PMID:25692871

Hayashi, Teruyuki; Fukuda, Nanaho; Uchiyama, Seiichi; Inada, Noriko

2015-01-01

378

Role of alpha-synuclein protein levels in mitochondrial morphology and cell survival in cell lines.  

PubMed

?-Synuclein is highly associated with some neurodegeneration and malignancies. Overexpressing wild-type or mutant ?-synuclein promotes neuronal death by mitochondrial dysfunction, the underlying mechanisms of which remain poorly defined. It was recently reported that ?-synuclein expression could directly lead to mitochondrial fragmentation in vitro and in vivo, which may be due to ?-synuclein localization on mitochondria. Here, we applied a double staining method to demonstrate mitochondrial morphogenetic changes in cells overexpressed with ?-synuclein. We show that mitochondrial localization of ?-synuclein was increased following its overexpression in three distinct cell lines, including HeLa, SH-SY5Y, and PC12 cells, but no alteration in mitochondrial morphology was detected. However, ?-synuclein knockdown prevents MPP(+)-induced mitochondrial fragmentation in SH-SY5Y and PC12 cells. These data suggest that ?-synuclein protein levels hardly affect mitochondrial morphology in normal cell lines, but may have some influence on that under certain environmental conditions. PMID:22558453

Zhu, Min; Li, Wenwei; Lu, Chuanzhen

2012-01-01

379

Induction of cell size vesicles from human lymphoma cell lines and their application to drug carriers  

PubMed Central

Sodium butyrate (NaB) induced the membrane enclosed cell size vesicles from several IgM producing cell lines. We considered the application of the cell-derived vesicles (CDVs) to drug delivery system (DDS) using the lung cancer specific IgM producing AE6 cell line. Microscopic observation showed that the DiI fluorescence labeled AE6 vesicles were incorporated into the lung cancer cell line A549. The anticancer drug, actinomycin D (actD), contained in AE6 and Ramos vesicles decreased the A549 cell viability to 46 and 62% of control without actD, respectively. The cytotoxic effect in AE6 vesicles was superior to that in the Ramos vesicles that have the lung cancer non-specific IgM on their surfaces. However, the result of the Ramos vesicles suggests that the surface molecules other than IgM may interact with the A549 cells. In our method for vesicle production, more specific and abundant antibodies mounted vesicles can be generated by transfection of their genes into cells followed by NaB treatment. These suggest that the CDVs may be useful for the development of a drug carrier for DDS. PMID:20069391

Yamanaka, Makoto; Nakamura, Shigeki; Inoue, Aiko; Yasuda, Takashi; Inoue, Yuichi

2010-01-01

380

Single-cell printing to form three-dimensional lines of olfactory ensheathing cells.  

PubMed

Biological laser printing (BioLP) is a unique tool capable of printing high resolution two- and three-dimensional patterns of living mammalian cells, with greater than 95% viability. These results have been extended to primary cultured olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs), harvested from adult Sprague-Dawley rats. OECs have been found to provide stimulating environments for neurite outgrowth in spinal cord injury models. BioLP is unique in that small load volumes ( approximately microLs) are required to achieve printing, enabling low numbers of OECs to be harvested, concentrated and printed. BioLP was used to form several 8 mm lines of OECs throughout a multilayer hydrogel scaffold. The line width was as low as 20 microm, with most lines comprising aligned single cells. Fluorescent confocal microscopy was used to determine the functionality of the printed OECs, to monitor interactions between printed OECs, and to determine the extent of cell migration throughout the 3D scaffold. High-resolution printing of low cell count, harvested OECs is an important advancement for in vitro study of cell interactions and functionality. In addition, these cell-printed scaffolds may provide an alternative for spinal cord repair studies, as the single-cell patterns formed here are on relevant size scales for neurite outgrowth. PMID:18689930

Othon, Christina M; Wu, Xingjia; Anders, Juanita J; Ringeisen, Bradley R

2008-09-01

381

Identification of replication competent murine gammaretroviruses in commonly used prostate cancer cell lines.  

PubMed

A newly discovered gammaretrovirus, termed XMRV, was recently reported to be present in the prostate cancer cell line CWR22Rv1. Using a combination of both immunohistochemistry with broadly-reactive murine leukemia virus (MLV) anti-sera and PCR, we determined if additional prostate cancer or other cell lines contain XMRV or MLV-related viruses. Our study included a total of 72 cell lines, which included 58 of the 60 human cancer cell lines used in anticancer drug screens and maintained at the NCI-Frederick (NCI-60). We have identified gammaretroviruses in two additional prostate cancer cell lines: LAPC4 and VCaP, and show that these viruses are replication competent. Viral genome sequencing identified the virus in LAPC4 and VCaP as nearly identical to another known xenotropic MLV, Bxv-1. We also identified a gammaretrovirus in the non-small-cell lung carcinoma cell line EKVX. Prostate cancer cell lines appear to have a propensity for infection with murine gammaretroviruses, and we propose that this may be in part due to cell line establishment by xenograft passage in immunocompromised mice. It is unclear if infection with these viruses is necessary for cell line establishment, or what confounding role they may play in experiments performed with these commonly used lines. Importantly, our results suggest a need for regular screening of cancer cell lines for retroviral "contamination", much like routine mycoplasma testing. PMID:21698104

Sfanos, Karen Sandell; Aloia, Amanda L; Hicks, Jessica L; Esopi, David M; Steranka, Jared P; Shao, Wei; Sanchez-Martinez, Silvia; Yegnasubramanian, Srinivasan; Burns, Kathleen H; Rein, Alan; De Marzo, Angelo M

2011-01-01

382

Beta-Cell Lines Derived from Transgenic Mice Expressing a Hybrid Insulin Gene-Oncogene  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three pancreatic beta-cell lines have been established from insulinomas derived from transgenic mice carrying a hybrid insulin-promoted simian virus 40 tumor antigen gene. The beta tumor cell (beta TC) lines maintain the features of differentiated beta cells for about 50 passages in culture. The cells produce both proinsulin I and II and efficiently process each into mature insulin, in a

Shimon Efrat; Susanne Linde; Hans Kofod; David Spector; Michael Delannoy; Seth Grant; Douglas Hanahan; Steinunn Baekkeskov

1988-01-01

383

Human Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cell Lines Secrete the Major Plasma Proteins and Hepatitis B Surface Antigen  

Microsoft Academic Search

Analysis of the cell culture fluid from two new human hepatoma-derived cell lines reveals that 17 of the major human plasma proteins are synthesized and secreted by these cells. One of these cell lines, Hep 3B, also produces the two major polypeptides of the hepatitis B virus surface antigen. When Hep 3B is injected into athymic mice, metastatic hepatocellular carcinomas

Barbara B. Knowles; Chin C. Howe; David P. Aden

1980-01-01

384

Research paper Cisplatin-induced hair cell loss in zebrafish (Danio rerio) lateral line  

E-print Network

Research paper Cisplatin-induced hair cell loss in zebrafish (Danio rerio) lateral line Henry C. Ou hair cell loss in the lateral line in a dose-dependent fashion. The kinetics of hair cell loss during online 19 July 2007 Abstract We have used time-lapse imaging to study cisplatin-induced hair cell death

Rubel, Edwin

385

Development of cell lines from the sheep used to construct the CHORI-243 ovine BAC library  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Two cell lines, designated MARC.OVSM and MARC.OKF, were initiated from the aorta and kidney, respectively, obtained from the Texel ram used to make the CHORI-243 Ovine BAC library. These cell lines have been submitted to the NIA Aging Cell Repository at the Coriell Cell Respositories, Camden, NJ, U...

386

Establishment and characterization of a novel untransfected corneal endothelial cell line from New Zealand white rabbits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To establish and characterize a novel untransfected corneal endothelial cell line from New Zealand white rabbits (NRCE cell line) for studies on corneal endothelial cells. Methods: Primary culture was initiated with a pure population of NRCE cells from corneal endothelia by successive detachment and reattachment procedure of different durations, and cultured in 20% fetal bovine serum-containing DMEM\\/ F12 media

Tingjun Fan; Dansheng Wang; Jun Zhao; Jing Wang; Yongfeng Fu; Ruichao Guo

387

Glycosphingolipid composition of MDA-MB-231 and MCF7 human breast cancer cell lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much evidence has shown that glycosphingolipids are involved in cellular recognition, regulation of cell growth, and metastasis. In the present study, the major glycosphingolipids of two widely studied human breast cancer cell lines were examined. The MCF-7 cell line has functional estrogen and EGF receptors, is dependent on estrogen and EGF for growth, and is uninvasive, while MDA-MB-231 cells are

Keiko Nohara; Fang Wang; Sarah Spiegel

1998-01-01

388

A Focused Microarray for Screening Rat Embryonic Stem Cell Lines  

PubMed Central

Here, we describe a focused microarray for screening rat embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and provide validation data that this array can distinguish undifferentiated rat ESCs from rat trophoblast stem (TS) cells, rat extraembryonic endoderm cells, mouse embryonic fibroblast feeder cells, and differentiated rat ESCs. Using this tool, genuine rat ESC lines, which have been expanded in a conventional rat ESC medium containing two inhibitors (2i), for example, glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK3) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MEK) inhibitors, and leukemia inhibitory factor, and genuine rat ESCs, which have been expanded in rat ESC medium containing four inhibitors (4i), for example, GSK3, MEK, Alk5, and Rho-associated kinase inhibitors were compared; as were genuine rat ESCs from 4 different strains of rats. Expression of Cdx2, a gene associated with trophoblast determination, was observed in genuine, undifferentiated rat ESCs from 4 strains and from both 2i and 4i ESC derivation medium. This finding is in contrast to undifferentiated mouse ESCs that do not express Cdx2. The rat ESC focused microarray described in this report has utility for rapid screening of rat ESCs. This tool will enable optimization of culture conditions in the future. PMID:22889370

Hong, James; He, Hong; Bui, Phuoc; Ryba-White, Ben; Rumi, Mohammad A.K.; Soares, Michael J.; Dutta, Debasree; Paul, Soumen; Kawamata, Masaki; Ochiya, Takahiro; Ying, Qi-Long; Rajanahalli, Pavan

2013-01-01

389

The surveillance of vero cytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli O157 in Wales, 1990 to 1998.  

PubMed Central

Population-based surveillance for Vero cytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC) O157 has been carried out in Wales since 1990. The annual incidence has remained stable during the 9-year period (mean: 1.6 cases per 100,000 population); the rate is highest in children younger than 5 years of age. Blood in the stool is reported in fewer than half the cases, indicating the importance of screening all fecal specimens for VTEC O157. PMID:10458968

Chalmers, R. M.; Parry, S. M.; Salmon, R. L.; Smith, R. M.; Willshaw, G. A.; Cheasty, T.

1999-01-01

390

Analysis of differential protein expression in normal and neoplastic human breast epithelial cell lines  

SciTech Connect

High resolution two dimensional get electrophoresis (2DE) and database analysis was used to establish protein expression patterns for cultured normal human mammary epithelial cells and thirteen breast cancer cell lines. The Human Breast Epithelial Cell database contains the 2DE protein patterns, including relative protein abundances, for each cell line, plus a composite pattern that contains all the common and specifically expressed proteins from all the cell lines. Significant differences in protein expression, both qualitative and quantitative, were observed not only between normal cells and tumor cells, but also among the tumor cell lines. Eight percent of the consistently detected proteins were found in significantly (P < 0.001) variable levels among the cell lines. Using a combination of immunostaining, comigration with purified protein, subcellular fractionation, and amino-terminal protein sequencing, we identified a subset of the differentially expressed proteins. These identified proteins include the cytoskeletal proteins actin, tubulin, vimentin, and cytokeratins. The cell lines can be classified into four distinct groups based on their intermediate filament protein profile. We also identified heat shock proteins; hsp27, hsp60, and hsp70 varied in abundance and in some cases in the relative phosphorylation levels among the cell lines. Finally, we identified IMP dehydrogenase in each of the cell lines, and found the levels of this enzyme in the tumor cell lines elevated 2- to 20-fold relative to the levels in normal cells.

Williams, K.; Chubb, C.; Huberman, E.; Giometti, C.S.

1997-07-01

391

Role of Shiga/Vero toxins in pathogenesis  

PubMed Central

Shiga toxin (Stx) is the primary cause of severe host responses including renal and central nervous system (CNS) disease in Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) infections. The interaction of Stx with different eukaryotic cell types is described. Host responses to Stx and bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) are compared as related to the features of the STEC-associated Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS). Data derived from animal models of HUS and CNS disease, in vivo, and eukaryotic cells, in vitro, are evaluated in relation to HUS disease of humans. PMID:25530918

Obata, Fumiko; Obrig, Tom

2014-01-01

392

Tessaric acid derivatives induce G2/M cell cycle arrest in human solid tumor cell lines.  

PubMed

A series of analogs were synthesized in a straightforward manner from naturally available sesquiterpenes ilicic acid and tessaric acid. The in vitro antiproliferative activities were examined in the human solid tumor cell lines A2780, HBL-100, HeLa, SW1573, T-47D and WiDr. The most potent analog induced considerably growth inhibition in the range 1.9-4.5 microM. Cell cycle studies for tessaric acid derivatives indicated a prominent arrest of the cell cycle at the G(2)/M phase. Damage to the cells was permanent as determine by the so called 24+24 drug schedule. PMID:19664930

León, Leticia G; Donadel, Osvaldo J; Tonn, Carlos E; Padrón, José M

2009-09-01

393

Evaluating cell lines as tumour models by comparison of genomic profiles  

PubMed Central

Cancer cell lines are frequently used as in vitro tumour models. Recent molecular profiles of hundreds of cell lines from The Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia and thousands of tumour samples from the Cancer Genome Atlas now allow a systematic genomic comparison of cell lines and tumours. Here we analyse a panel of 47 ovarian cancer cell lines and identify those that have the highest genetic similarity to ovarian tumours. Our comparison of copy-number changes, mutations and mRNA expression profiles reveals pronounced differences in molecular profiles between commonly used ovarian cancer cell lines and high-grade serous ovarian cancer tumour samples. We identify several rarely used cell lines that more closely resemble cognate tumour profiles than commonly used cell lines, and we propose these lines as the most suitable models of ovarian cancer. Our results indicate that the gap between cell lines and tumours can be bridged by genomically informed choices of cell line models for all tumour types. PMID:23839242

Domcke, Silvia; Sinha, Rileen; Levine, Douglas A.; Sander, Chris; Schultz, Nikolaus

2013-01-01

394

Enhancement of Radiation Response in Osteosarcoma and Rhabomyosarcoma Cell Lines by Histone Deacetylase Inhibition  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACIs) can enhance the sensitivity of cells to photon radiation treatment (XRT) by altering numerous molecular pathways. We investigated the effect of pan-HDACIs such as suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) on radiation response in two osteosarcoma (OS) and two rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) cell lines. Methods and Materials: Clonogenic survival, cell cycle analysis, and apoptosis were examined in OS (KHOS-24OS, SAOS2) and RMS (A-204, RD) cell lines treated with HDACI and HDACI plus XRT, respectively. Protein expression was investigated via immunoblot analysis, and cell cycle analysis and measurement of apoptosis were performed using flow cytometry. Results: SAHA induced an inhibition of cell proliferation and clonogenic survival in OS and RMS cell lines and led to a significant radiosensitization of all tumor cell lines. Other HDACI such as M344 and valproate showed similar effects as investigated in one OS cell line. Furthermore, SAHA significantly increased radiation-induced apoptosis in the OS cell lines, whereas in the RMS cell lines radiation-induced apoptosis was insignificant with and without SAHA. In all investigated sarcoma cell lines, SAHA attenuated radiation-induced DNA repair protein expression (Rad51, Ku80). Conclusion: Our results show that HDACIs enhance radiation action in OS and RMS cell lines. Inhibition of DNA repair, as well as increased apoptosis induction after exposure to HDACIs, can be mechanisms of radiosensitization by HDACIs.

Blattmann, Claudia, E-mail: claudia.blattmann@med.uni-heidelberg.d [Department of Pediatric Oncology, Hematology, Immunology and Pulmology, University of Heidelberg (Germany); Oertel, Susanne [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Heidelberg (Germany); Ehemann, Volker [Institute of Pathology, University of Heidelberg (Germany)

2010-09-01

395

The telomerase inhibitor imetelstat depletes cancer stem cells in breast and pancreatic cancer cell lines.  

PubMed

Cancer stem cells (CSC) are rare drug-resistant cancer cell subsets proposed to be responsible for the maintenance and recurrence of cancer and metastasis. Telomerase is constitutively active in both bulk tumor cell and CSC populations but has only limited expression in normal tissues. Thus, inhibition of telomerase has been shown to be a viable approach in controlling cancer growth in nonclinical studies and is currently in phase II clinical trials. In this study, we investigated the effects of imetelstat (GRN163L), a potent telomerase inhibitor, on both the bulk cancer cells and putative CSCs. When breast and pancreatic cancer cell lines were treated with imetelstat in vitro, telomerase activity in the bulk tumor cells and CSC subpopulations were inhibited. Additionally, imetelstat treatment reduced the CSC fractions present in the breast and pancreatic cell lines. In vitro treatment with imetelstat, but not control oligonucleotides, also reduced the proliferation and self-renewal potential of MCF7 mammospheres and resulted in cell death after <4 weeks of treatment. In vitro treatment of PANC1 cells showed reduced tumor engraftment in nude mice, concomitant with a reduction in the CSC levels. Differences between telomerase activity expression levels or telomere length of CSCs and bulk tumor cells in these cell lines did not correlate with the increased sensitivity of CSCs to imetelstat, suggesting a mechanism of action independent of telomere shortening for the effects of imetelstat on the CSC subpopulations. Our results suggest that imetelstat-mediated depletion of CSCs may offer an alternative mechanism by which telomerase inhibition may be exploited for cancer therapy. PMID:21062983

Joseph, Immanual; Tressler, Robert; Bassett, Ekaterina; Harley, Calvin; Buseman, Christen M; Pattamatta, Preeti; Wright, Woodring E; Shay, Jerry W; Go, Ning F

2010-11-15

396

Establishment of new ovarian and colon carcinoma cell lines: differentiation is only possible by cytokeratin analysis.  

PubMed Central

Two human ovarian (OV-MZ-10, OV-MZ-15) and two colon cancer cell lines (CO-MZ-5, CO-MZ-6) were newly established in permanent cell culture. These cell lines have been maintained in vitro for 5-6 years, the passage number varying from 25 to 228. They were established from ascites or solid tumours at the time of primary surgery. By clinical and histopathological judgement alone all four cell lines would have been interpreted as ovarian cancer cell lines. Morphological criteria or the expression of the tumour-associated antigens CA-125 and CEA allowed no differential diagnosis. Only the analysis of the expression of different cytokeratins and vimentin enabled us to verify the different origin of the cell lines. Ovarian cancer cell lines, in contrast to the colon cancer cell lines, are positive for the expression of cytokeratin (CK) 7 and for vimentin. CK 20 proved to be the marker with the best discrimination. CK 20 was found exclusively in the colon carcinoma cell lines, but not in the ovarian carcinoma cell lines. The evaluation of cytokeratin expression is a helpful diagnostic modality in differentiating between adenocarcinoma cell lines derived from ovarian and colon tumours. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 PMID:7510115

Möbus, V. J.; Moll, R.; Gerharz, C. D.; Kieback, D. G.; Weikel, W.; Hoffmann, G.; Kreienberg, R.

1994-01-01

397

Characterization of a Human Squamous Carcinoma Cell Line Resistant to m-Diamminedichloroplatinum(II)1  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have developed a human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cell line (SCC-25\\/CP) which is relatively stably resistant to m-diam- minedichloroplatinum(II) (('1)1)1') after repeated exposure to escalating doses of the drug. The studies reported elucidate the mechanism(s) by which the SCC-25\\/CP cell line is resistant to CDDP. The SCC-25\\/CP cell line is approximately 30-fold resistant to CDDP, approximately 10-

Beverly A. Teicher; Sylvia A. Holden; Michael J. Kelley; Thomas C. Shea; Carol A. Cucchi; Andre Rosowsky; W. David Henner; Emil Frei

1987-01-01

398

Tick cell lines: tools for tick and tick-borne disease research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over 40 cell lines are currently available from 13 ixodid\\u000aand one argasid tick species. The successful isolation\\u000aand propagation of several economically important tickborne\\u000apathogens in tick cell lines has created a useful\\u000amodel to study interactions between tick cells and\\u000athese viral and bacterial disease agents. Tick cell lines\\u000ahave already proved to be a useful tool in

Lesley Bell-Sakyi; Erich Zweygarth; Edmour F. Blouin; Ernest A. Gould; Frans Jongejan

2007-01-01

399

Persistence of betanodavirus in Barramundi brain (BB) cell line involves the induction of Interferon response  

Microsoft Academic Search

The BB cell line derived from the brain tissue of a barramundi (Lates calcarifer) that survived nervous necrosis virus (NNV) infection is persistently infected with NNV. To elucidate whether interferon (IFN) plays a role in the mechanism of NNV-persistent infection in BB cell line, a virus-negative control cell line was obtained by treating BB cells with NNV-specific rabbit antiserum for

Y. C. Wu; S. C. Chi

2006-01-01

400

Network signatures of cellular immortalization in human lymphoblastoid cell lines  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: •We identified network signatures of LCL immortalization from transcriptomic profiles. •More than 41% of DEGs are possibly regulated by miRNAs in LCLs. •MicroRNA target genes in LCLs are involved in apoptosis and immune-related functions. •This approach is useful to find functional miRNA targets in specific cell conditions. -- Abstract: Human lymphoblastoid cell line (LCL) has been used as an in vitro cell model in genetic and pharmacogenomic studies, as well as a good model for studying gene expression regulatory machinery using integrated genomic analyses. In this study, we aimed to identify biological networks of LCL immortalization from transcriptomic profiles of microRNAs and their target genes in LCLs. We first selected differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and microRNAs (DEmiRs) between early passage LCLs (eLCLs) and terminally differentiated late passage LCLs (tLCLs). The in silico and correlation analysis of these DEGs and DEmiRs revealed that 1098 DEG–DEmiR pairs were found to be positively (n = 591 pairs) or negatively (n = 507 pairs) correlated with each other. More than 41% of DEGs are possibly regulated by miRNAs in LCL immortalizations. The target DEGs of DEmiRs were enriched for cellular functions associated with apoptosis, immune response, cell death, JAK–STAT cascade and lymphocyte activation while non-miRNA target DEGs were over-represented for basic cell metabolisms. The target DEGs correlated negatively with miR-548a-3p and miR-219-5p were significantly associated with protein kinase cascade, and the lymphocyte proliferation and apoptosis, respectively. In addition, the miR-106a and miR-424 clusters located in the X chromosome were enriched in DEmiR–mRNA pairs for LCL immortalization. In this study, the integrated transcriptomic analysis of LCLs could identify functional networks of biologically active microRNAs and their target genes involved in LCL immortalization.

Shim, Sung-Mi; Jung, So-Young; Nam, Hye-Young; Kim, Hye-Ryun; Lee, Mee-Hee; Kim, Jun-Woo; Han, Bok-Ghee [National Biobank of Korea, Center for Genome Science, Korea National Institute of Health, Osong 363-951 (Korea, Republic of)] [National Biobank of Korea, Center for Genome Science, Korea National Institute of Health, Osong 363-951 (Korea,