Sample records for vesico vaginal fistula

  1. The psychosocial impact of vesico-vaginal fistula in Niger

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Amina P. Alio; Laura Merrell; Kimberlee Roxburgh; Heather B. Clayton; Phillip J. Marty; Linda Bomboka; Salamatou Traoré; Hamisu M. Salihu

    2011-01-01

    Purpose  To explore the psycho-social impact of vesico-vaginal fistula (VVF) on women in Niger.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Study design  We conducted a qualitative study on 21 women in convalescence at the DIMOL Reproductive Health Center in Niamey, Niger, in\\u000a 2008 and 2009. The women had undergone 1–3 fistula repair operations and all had stillborn infants.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Results  Women reported many psychological consequences of VVF including depression, feelings

  2. Ileal pouch vaginal fistulas: Incidence, etiology, and management

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven D. Wexner; David A. Rothenberger; Linda Jensen; Stanley M. Goldberg; Emmanuel G. Balcos; Paul Belliveau; Bradley H. Bennett; John G. Buls; Jeffrey M. Cohen; Harold L. Kennedy; Steven J. Medwell; Theodore M. Ross; David J. Schoetz; Lee E. Smith; Alan G. Thorson

    1989-01-01

    Some of the initial problems associated with the ileonal reservoir have been solved. In their place, other complications have\\u000a been recognized. Among these, the ileal pouch vaginal fistula stands out as a recently recognized difficult management problem.\\u000a This multicenter study was undertaken to gain insight into the causes for, and treatment of, pouch vaginal fistulas. Cases\\u000a were gathered from 11

  3. Adenocarcinoma in an ano-vaginal fistula in Crohn's disease

    PubMed Central

    Alfa-Wali, Maryam; Atinga, Angela; Mohsen, Yasser; Anthony, Andrew; Myers, Alistair

    2013-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Fistulas are a relatively common occurrence in Crohn's disease (CD), and often present early in the disease process. Additionally, patients suffering from either CD or ulcerative colitis are shown to have an increased risk of colorectal malignancies compared with the general population. PRESENTATION OF CASE We present a case of adenocarcinoma in an ano-vaginal fistula in a patient with longstanding CD. DISCUSSION Various pathogenic mechanisms for the development of carcinoma in fistulas have been suggested, but there is no consensus and indeed this risk may be cumulative. In this case report, we also discuss the pathogenesis of mucinous adenocarcinoma in fistulas secondary to CD. CONCLUSION Better detection of adenocarcinoma in patients presenting with persistent non-resolving fistulas in the presence of CD should be undertaken with regular biopsies following examinations under anaesthetic of the anorectum. PMID:23702362

  4. A late complication of transobturator tape procedure: vaginocutaneous fistula formation with vaginal mesh erosion.

    PubMed

    Karabulut, Aysun; Demita?, Ömer; Gök, Soner

    2014-04-01

    Transobturator tape procedures are a common treatment modality in patients with stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Various complications have been reported related to this procedure. We present a rare case of vaginocutaneous fistula formation 5 years after transobturator tape surgery. A 56-year-old woman presented with complaints of increased vaginal discharge, difficulty in coitus, and serosanguineous discharge from the left groin 5 years after transobturator tape surgery for SUI. Pelvic examination revealed 2-3 cm of extruded mesh at the anterior vaginal wall. The vaginocutaneous fistula was detected at surgery. The suburethral tape was removed, and the fistula tract was excised and repaired primarily. Postoperative period was uneventful, and the patient was still continent 6 weeks postoperatively. With widespread use of mesh for treating SUI, we will likely see a variety of complications in the long term. PMID:23942977

  5. Gluteo-vaginal fistula: a long-term complication of posterior intravaginal slingplasty

    PubMed Central

    Sivarajah, Vernon; Bello, Sean OZ; Yiu, Chu Yiu; Oke, Olatokunbo

    2011-01-01

    A 67-year-old lady presented to the surgical outpatient clinic with a 4 month history of recurrent purulent discharge from her left buttock. Four years and 4 months prior to this she underwent a posterior intravaginal slingoplasty for vaginal prolapse and urinary stress incontinence. An MRI demonstrated a long gluteo-vaginal fistula tract from the posterior wall of the vaginal vault through the left ischiorectal fossa to the skin. An examination under anaesthesia revealed that the fistulous tract was surrounding the intact mesh used for the posterior intravaginal slingoplasty. The mesh was removed, the fistula tract excised and the perineal wound marsupialised. The patient was discharged 5 days later. The wound healed within 4 weeks and she remains sepsis free 2 years on. PMID:22675111

  6. A new method to repair recto-vaginal fistula: Use of human amniotic membrane in an animal model

    PubMed Central

    Roshanravan, Reza; Ghahramani, Leila; Hosseinzadeh, Massood; Mohammadipour, Mastoureh; Moslemi, Sam; Rezaianzadeh, Abbas; Safarpour, Ali Reza; Rahimikazerooni, Salar; Hosseini, Seyed Vahid

    2014-01-01

    Background: Recto-vaginal fistula is primarily one of the co-morbidities of vaginal delivery. These patients suffer from persistent malodor vaginal discharge. Various surgical techniques have been employed by surgeons in the course of time. This is the first trial of applying Human Amniotic Membrane (HAM) as a bio-prosthesis in repairing recto-vaginal fistula. Materials and Methods: In a prospective animal study, 8 mixed-breed female dogs weighing 23-27 kg with the age of 12-18 months were selected. They were randomly divided into two groups for standard recto-vaginal fistula repair and fistula repair with human amniotic membrane. The Kruskal-Wallis and Mann Whitney tests were performed to indicate statistical differences. Results: After 6 weeks, fistulas were evaluated both grossly and microscopically. In gross examination, there were no difference between the two groups and healing of fistula seemed to have been occurred in all dogs expect for one which had a persistent patent fistulous tract. Microscopic healing was scored according to epithelialization, collagenization inflammation, ulcer and necrosis of samples. Healing score was significantly higher in the HAM group than the standard group (P = 0.029). Conclusion: Our findings revealed that using HAM as a bio-prosthesis to repair recto-vaginal fistula would result in better surgical and histological outcomes comparing to simple repair. PMID:24804188

  7. Gluteo-vaginal fistula after posterior intravaginal slingplasty: a case report.

    PubMed

    Grynberg, Michael; Teyssedre, Jacques; Staerman, Frederic

    2009-07-01

    In patients with posthysterectomy prolapse of the vaginal vault, the posterior intravaginal slingplasty (posterior IVS, Tyco Healthcare, USA) has been suggested as an alternative to traditional vaginal vault suspensions. The goal of this technique is to recreate the uterosacral ligaments and to reinforce the rectovaginal fascia with the use of prosthetic material. We report the case of a 53-year-old woman with a history of 27 months of perineal suppurative discharge after she underwent a vaginal vault prolapse and rectocele repair using a posterior IVS (Tyco Healthcare, USA). The IVS tape was reinforced by interposing a rectovaginal monofilament polypropylene mesh (Parietex, Sofradim, France). Imaging studies and surgical exploration confirmed infection of the IVS mesh with the formation of a gluteo-vaginal fistula while the rectovaginal mesh was intact. PMID:19015799

  8. Concomitant Imperforate Hymen and Transverse Vaginal Septum Complicated with Pyocolpos and Abdominovaginal Fistula

    PubMed Central

    Dilbaz, Berna; Kiykac Altinbas, Sadiman; Altinbas, Namik Kemal; Sengul, Ozlem; Dilbaz, Serdar

    2014-01-01

    A 13-year-old patient with a complaint of worsening lower abdominal pain during the past 4 months was admitted to the emergency department. An abdominopelvic ultrasound scan revealed a distended uterocervical cavity suggestive of hematometrocolpos. Imperforate hymen was observed on examination of the external genitalia. MRI scan revealed an air-fluid level representing pyometrocolpos within a distended vagina. Posterior vaginal extraperitoneal leakage as the sign of a fistula between the vagina and the rectovaginal space was detected. Although laparoscopic approach was planned, malodorous pus expelled after the insertion of the Veress needle, it was decided to proceed to laparotomy. Pus with peritoneal microabscess formations was observed at laparotomy. The imperforate hymen and TVS were excised vaginally. A more complex anomaly should be suspected in cases with hematometra and concomitant imperforated hymen without any bulging and thorough evaluation using radiological imaging techniques should be performed before surgical approach. PMID:24660080

  9. Vulvar pseudoverrucous papules and nodules secondary to a urethral--vaginal fistula.

    PubMed

    Garrido-Ruiz, María Concepción; Rosales, Belen; Luis Rodríguez-Peralto, José

    2011-06-01

    Irritant contact dermatitis is a common cause of genital eruptions representing at least one-fifth of presenting anogenital symptoms. A spectrum of inflammatory reactions have been identified, some of them with features severely mimicking more serious dermatoses, which may lead unnecessary workup and treatments. We report a case of a 10-year-old girl who presented at birth with cloacal atresia involving the rectum and the urethra. A diverting colostomy and a urethral-vaginal fistula were created to correct the deformity. Physical examination reveals numerous shiny, white-gray, pseudoverrucous papules and nodules coalescing into plaques over the vulva and its surrounding skin. Histological examination showed psoriasiform epidermal hyperplasia with a marked reactive acanthosis and altered cornification with parakeratosis, hypogranulosis, and pale keratinocytes in the upper reaches of the epidermis. The lesions regress when the irritating factor was removed. This case represents a peculiar form of presentation of perianal pseudoverrucous papules and nodules, usually secondary to urinary incontinence or encopresis (inability to control the elimination of stool) after surgery for Hirschsprung disease. Because similar findings have not been previously observed in patients with urethral-vaginal fistula, we attempt to extend the spectrum of presentations for a better knowledge of this condition. PMID:21285858

  10. Vaginitis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... serious diseases. The most common vaginal infections are Bacterial Vaginosis Trichomoniasis Vaginal Yeast Infection Some vaginal infections are ... most vaginal infections in women are due to bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis, or yeast, there may be other causes ...

  11. Management of recto-vaginal fistulas after prosthetic reinforcement treatment for pelvic organ prolapse

    PubMed Central

    Ouaïssi, Mehdi; Cresti, Silvia; Giger, Urs; Sielezneff, Igor; Pirrò, Nicolas; Berthet, Bruno; Grandval, Philippe; Consentino, Bernard; Sastre, Bernard

    2010-01-01

    AIM: To communicate our findings on successful treatment of recto-vaginal fistulas (RVFs) after prosthetic reinforcement surgery of pelvic organ prolapse (POP). METHODS: A retrospective single center study between 1998 and 2008 was performed. A total of 80 patients with RVF were identified, of which five patients (6%), with a mean age of 65 years (range: 52-73), had undergone previous surgery for POP with prosthetic reinforcement. RESULTS: All patients complained about ongoing vaginal infections and febrile episodes. These symptoms were reported after a mean period of 18 mo after POP repair. As a first intervention, three patients underwent ablation of the prosthetic material (PM). As a second intervention, open proctectomy with a primary anastomosis, an omental patch, and a protective ileostomy were performed in two patients. One patient required a terminal colostomy due to complete destruction of the anal sphincters. In two other patients, ablation of the PM and proctectomy was performed as a one-step procedure. The postoperative course in all patients was uneventful, with a mean length of hospitalization of 20 d (range: 15-30). Closure of the ileostomy was achieved in all four patients within four months. After a mean period of 35 mo (range: 4-60) of follow-up, no recurrence was observed with normal continence in four patients. CONCLUSION: In our experience, the definitive treatment of high RVFs after PM repair for POP necessitates ablation of the PM, proctectomy with a primary colo-rectal anastomosis, an omental patch interposition, and a temporary ileostomy. PMID:20572304

  12. Placenta percreta with a vaginal fistula after successful management by uterine transverse fundal incision and subsequent cesarean hysterectomy

    PubMed Central

    Matsuzaki, Satoko; Ueda, Yutaka; Egawa-Takata, Tomomi; Mimura, Kazuya; Kanagawa, Takeshi; Morii, Eiichi; Kimura, Tadashi

    2014-01-01

    Placenta previa presents a highest risk to pregnancy, and placenta accreta is the most serious. Placenta accreta requires cesarean delivery and often results in massive obstetric hemorrhage and higher maternal morbidity. Challenges associated with cesarean delivery techniques may contribute to increased maternal blood loss and morbidity rates. Several recent obstetric studies reported the usefulness of transverse uterine fundal incision for managing placenta accreta. We present a case of placenta percreta that was treated by a transverse fundal incision. We successfully avoided cutting through the placenta and helped decrease maternal blood loss. After delivery, the patient underwent a cesarean hysterectomy. Postoperative day 48, she experienced watery discharge and was diagnosed with vaginal fistula. We present our case and review the literature. PMID:25264531

  13. Placenta percreta with a vaginal fistula after successful management by uterine transverse fundal incision and subsequent cesarean hysterectomy.

    PubMed

    Matsuzaki, Satoko; Matsuzaki, Shinya; Ueda, Yutaka; Egawa-Takata, Tomomi; Mimura, Kazuya; Kanagawa, Takeshi; Morii, Eiichi; Kimura, Tadashi

    2014-09-01

    Placenta previa presents a highest risk to pregnancy, and placenta accreta is the most serious. Placenta accreta requires cesarean delivery and often results in massive obstetric hemorrhage and higher maternal morbidity. Challenges associated with cesarean delivery techniques may contribute to increased maternal blood loss and morbidity rates. Several recent obstetric studies reported the usefulness of transverse uterine fundal incision for managing placenta accreta. We present a case of placenta percreta that was treated by a transverse fundal incision. We successfully avoided cutting through the placenta and helped decrease maternal blood loss. After delivery, the patient underwent a cesarean hysterectomy. Postoperative day 48, she experienced watery discharge and was diagnosed with vaginal fistula. We present our case and review the literature. PMID:25264531

  14. Laparoscopic repair of urogenital fistulae: A single centre experience

    PubMed Central

    Sharma, Sumit; Rizvi, Syed Jamal; Bethur, Santhosh Shivanandaiah; Bansal, Jyoti; Qadri, Syed Javid Farooq; Modi, Pranjal

    2014-01-01

    CONTEXT: Sparse literature exists on laparoscopic repair of urogenital fistulae (UGF). AIMS: The purpose of the following study is to report our experience of laparoscopic UGF repair with emphasis on important steps for a successful laparoscopic repair. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Data of patients who underwent laparoscopic repair of UGF from 2003 to 2012 was retrospectively reviewed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data was reviewed as to the aetiology, prior failed attempts, size, number and location of fistula, mean operative time, blood loss, post-operative storage/voiding symptoms and episodes of urinary tract infections (UTI). RESULTS: Laparoscopic repair of 22 supratrigonal vesicovaginal fistulae (VVF) (five recurrent) and 31 ureterovaginal fistulae (UVF) was performed. VVF followed transabdominal hysterectomy (14), lower segment caesarean section (LSCS) (7) and oophrectomy (1). UVF followed laparoscopy assisted vaginal hysterectomy (18), transvaginal hysterectomy (2) and transabdominal hysterectomy (10) and LSCS (1). Mean VVF size was 14 mm. Mean operative time and blood loss for VVF and UVF were 140 min, 75 ml and 130 min, 60 ml respectively. In 20 VVF repairs tissue was interposed between non-overlapping suture lines. Vesico-psoas hitch was done in 29 patients of urterovaginal fistulae. All patients were continent following surgery. There were no urinary complaints in VVF patients and no UTI in UVF patients over a median follow-up of 3.2 years and 2.8 years respectively. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic repair of UGF gives easy, quick access to the pelvic cavity. Interposition of tissue during VVF repair and vesico-psoas hitch during UVF repair form important steps to ensure successful repair. PMID:25336817

  15. Rupture of the Left Renal Fornix after Vaginal Repair of Postpartum Vesicovaginal Fistula

    PubMed Central

    Rendtorff, R.; Knispel, H. H.; Tunn, R.

    2014-01-01

    Surgical repair of vesicovaginal fistulas carries a risk of postoperative obstruction of the upper urinary tract. In the case described here, a postoperative intramural edema led to urinary retention and subsequent rupture of the renal pelvis. This is a rare but typical urological emergency. If patients complain postoperatively of flank pain, ultrasound should be carried out promptly. If the findings are unclear (no urinary retention despite clinical symptoms), additional computed tomography should be performed to determine whether rupture of the fornix has occurred. PMID:25076795

  16. Vesico-appendiceal fistula revealing pseudomyxoma peritonei.

    PubMed

    Desantis, M; Bereder, J-M; Benchimol, D

    2014-02-01

    We report a case of grade III pseudomyxoma peritonei revealed by mucusuria and abdominal mass. These symptoms are unusual; the most frequent clinical presentation is acute appendicitis or progressively increasing abdominal diameter. PMID:24462837

  17. Surgical mistake causing an high recto-vaginal fistula. A case report with combined surgical and endoscopic approach: therapeutic considerations

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Rectovaginal fistulas (RVFs) have multiple causes, size and location on which the surgical treatment depends. Description The Authors consider different approaches to RVFs and describe a clinical case of recurrent high RVF. Conclusions Most RVFs can be successfully repaired, although many interventions may be necessary. A colostomy with delayed repair may improve RVFs outcome. Moreover, several authors indicate Mucosal Advancement Flap and Babcock-Bacon technique as the treatments of choice respectively for low and high RVFs (complex and recurrent) and emphasize the placement of endoscopic prothesis in cases of difficult healing of the anastomosis. PMID:24266908

  18. Vaginal vein thrombosis in pregnancy.

    PubMed Central

    Gitstein, S.; Ballas, S.; Peyser, M. R.

    1983-01-01

    Vaginal vein thrombosis in a pregnant woman is reported. This entity should be differentiated from vaginal arteriovenous fistula which may cause severe antepartum, intrapartum and post-partum haemorrhage. The humoral and mechanical factors which favour the occurrence of varicosities and thrombosis are briefly described. Surgical management is suggested as being both simple and effective. Images Fig. 1 PMID:6634550

  19. Pregnancy and delivery after vesico ileocystoplasty--a case report.

    PubMed

    Vucinic, O Kontic; Kovacevic, G; Sulovic, N; Kovacevic-Vukolic, Lj; Vukolic, D; Radunovic, N

    2014-01-01

    Neobladder is continent urinary reservoir made from a detubularized segment of bowel, with implantation of ureters and urethra. The most common indication for this operation is bladder replacement after cystectomy following bladder cancer in elderly or cervical cancer Stage IV patients. Nowadays indications are expanded to many benign diseases (interstitial cystitis (IC), neurogenic bladder, chronic pelvic pain) in reproductive age. Pregnancy in women with neobladder is a rare condition, hence published experience is limited. Most of the published cases were delivered by cesarean, due to the concern for possible complications. The authors report a case of a 36-year-old woman who underwent a vesico ileocystoplasty for IC, became pregnant six years after the operation, and delivered a healthy baby vaginally. Her obstetric and urologic outcomes were assessed, during, and after pregnancy. Careful antenatal monitoring by both an obstetrician and a urologist, awareness of potential complications, and their prompt treatment, can result in a successful pregnancy and vaginal delivery where neither fetus or mother nor neobladder are endangered. PMID:25551974

  20. Inguinal bladder hernia associated with vesico-ureteric reflux.

    PubMed Central

    Noble, J. G.; Christmas, T. J.; Chapple, C. R.; Rickards, D.

    1992-01-01

    The urinary bladder is frequently found as a component of inguinal herniae. This report describes a case of 'bladder hernia' associated with vesico-ureteric reflux. The current methods of investigation and subsequent treatment for this condition are reviewed along with the possible underlying cause of vesico-ureteric reflux in this case. Images Figure 1 PMID:1409201

  1. Delayed vaginal reconstruction in the fibrotic pelvis following radiation or previous reconstruction

    SciTech Connect

    Berek, J.S.; Hacker, N.F.; Lagasse, L.D.; Smith, M.L.

    1983-06-01

    Vaginal reconstruction was performed in 14 patients who had developed vaginal stenosis secondary to extensive pelvic fibrosis after pelvic radiation therapy (12 patients) or prior vaginal reconstruction (2 patients). Sixteen procedures were performed using a split-thickness skin graft. All patients had satisfactory vaginal restoration, and 12 patients reported good vaginal function. No fistula developed as a result of the operative procedure, but one patient later developed a rectovaginal fistula resulting from tumor recurrence. Successful vaginal reconstruction can be achieved even years after initial therapy in patients who develop an obliterated vagina from previous radiation or surgery.

  2. Clindamycin Vaginal

    MedlinePLUS

    ... an infection caused by an overgrowth of harmful bacteria in the vagina). Clindamycin is in a class ... works by slowing or stopping the growth of bacteria. Vaginal clindamycin cannot be used to treat vaginal ...

  3. Renal infection and vesico-ureteric reflux.

    PubMed

    Rossleigh, Monica A

    2007-07-01

    Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common disease of childhood. The investigation of UTI in children has been the subject of debate and controversy for many years. Most workers agree that the first imaging modality to be used should be an ultrasound examination to exclude obstruction, structural abnormalities, and renal calculi. The role of (99m)Tc dimercaptosuccinic acid scintigraphy (DMSA) in the diagnosis of acute pyelonephritis is becoming increasingly important. Many argue that if the DMSA study is normal at the time of acute UTI, no further investigation is required because the kidneys have not been involved and thus there will be no late sequelae. Others use the acute DMSA study to determine the intensity of antibiotic therapy. The importance of the role of vesico-ureteric reflux (VUR) is being debated. Some workers will only proceed to cystography to detect VUR if the DMSA study is abnormal, whereas others advocate a more aggressive approach. VUR can be identified by a variety of radiological and scintigraphic techniques. Although the radiological cystogram is the gold standard and is essential in the first UTI in a male patient, to exclude the presence of posterior urethral valves, radionuclide cystograms are advantageous in other situations. Suprapubic cystography techniques have been described to overcome the trauma of urethral catheterization but have not been widely accepted. PMID:17544626

  4. Medical versus Surgical Management of Vesico Ureteral Reflux

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vivek M Rege

    Vesico ureteral reflux is the abnormal retrograde flow of urine from the bladder into the ureter and possibly the kidney. There are 2 types of reflux: Primary reflux - which is caused by a congenital abnormality at the ureterovesical junction Secondary reflux - occurs when high pressure in the bladder causes a breakdown of the nor- mal antireflux mechanism at

  5. Cholecystocolonic fistula.

    PubMed

    Balent, Eric; Plackett, Timothy P; Lin-Hurtubise, Kevin

    2012-06-01

    The cholecystocolonic fistula is an atypical variant of biliary disease. When presenting with symptomatic disease, surgical treatment with cholecystectomy, fistula takedown and possible colonic resection are indicated, however the role of surgery in asymptomatic patients, especially those deemed higher risk is less clear. Herein we present a case of an incidentially discovered asymptomatic cholecystocolonic fistula in a higher risk surgical patient managed nonoperatively. The presentation and treatment options for this disease are discussed in relation to their application to this patient. PMID:22787563

  6. Vaginal Cancer

    MedlinePLUS

    Vaginal cancer is a rare type of cancer. It is more common in women 60 and older. You are also more likely to get it if you have had a human ... test can find abnormal cells that may be cancer. Vaginal cancer can often be cured in its ...

  7. Estrogen Vaginal

    MedlinePLUS

    ... estradiol vaginal ring is also used to treat hot flushes ('hot flashes'; sudden strong feelings of heat and sweating) ... mild soap and warm water. Do not use hot water or boil the applicator. Ask your pharmacist ...

  8. Vaginal Pessary

    MedlinePLUS

    ... your vagina). A pessary can also help many women who have stress urinary incontinence (the leaking of urine when you cough, strain or exercise). Pregnant women who have incontinence can also use a vaginal ...

  9. Vaginal Bleeding

    MedlinePLUS

    Menstruation, or period, is a woman's monthly bleeding. Abnormal vaginal bleeding is different from normal menstrual periods. It could be bleeding that is between periods, lasts several weeks, or happens before ...

  10. Vaginal Discharge

    MedlinePLUS

    ... on the lookout for symptoms of yeast infections, bacterial vaginosis and trichomoniasis, 3 infections that can cause changes ... vulva Intense itching Painful sexual intercourse Signs of bacterial vaginosis A white, gray or yellowish vaginal discharge A ...

  11. Vaginal reconstruction

    SciTech Connect

    Lesavoy, M.A.

    1985-05-01

    Vaginal reconstruction can be an uncomplicated and straightforward procedure when attention to detail is maintained. The Abbe-McIndoe procedure of lining the neovaginal canal with split-thickness skin grafts has become standard. The use of the inflatable Heyer-Schulte vaginal stent provides comfort to the patient and ease to the surgeon in maintaining approximation of the skin graft. For large vaginal and perineal defects, myocutaneous flaps such as the gracilis island have been extremely useful for correction of radiation-damaged tissue of the perineum or for the reconstruction of large ablative defects. Minimal morbidity and scarring ensue because the donor site can be closed primarily. With all vaginal reconstruction, a compliant patient is a necessity. The patient must wear a vaginal obturator for a minimum of 3 to 6 months postoperatively and is encouraged to use intercourse as an excellent obturator. In general, vaginal reconstruction can be an extremely gratifying procedure for both the functional and emotional well-being of patients.

  12. Perilymph Fistula

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Tinnitus Vestibular Hyperacusis Vision & Hearing Psychology Other Topics Military Resources Paid Advertisement Meniere's Disease SPC-Flakes have ... block” on descent of an airplane or SCUBA diving. Fistulas may also develop after rapid increases in ...

  13. Vaginal Cancer

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nitika Thawani; Subhakar Mutyala; Aaron H. Wolfson

    \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a • \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a The vagina can be a common site of secondary involvement, either through direct extension from the cervix and vulva or by\\u000a lymphatic and vascular spread.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a • \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Invasive cancers most commonly present with irregular vaginal bleeding or discharge (often postcoital), followed by vaginal\\u000a discharge or dysuria. Vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia (VaIN) is diagnosed on routine screening.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a • \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Diagnostic workup should include

  14. Vaginal Birth

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Patient Education Institute

    This patient education program reviews female reproductive anatomy and explains vaginal birth. It also discusses the stages of labor and delivery, as well as potential risks and complications. This is a MedlinePlus Interactive Health Tutorial from the National Library of Medicine, designed and developed by the Patient Education Institute. NOTE: The tutorial requires a special Flash plug-in, version 4 or above. If you do not have Flash, you will be prompted to obtain a free download of the software before you start the tutorial. You will also need an Acrobat Reader, available as a free download, in order to view the Reference Summary.

  15. Vaginal Evisceration: An Unexpected Complication of Conization

    PubMed Central

    Ghassani, Ali; Andre, Benoit; Simon-Toulza, Caroline; Tanguy le Gac, Yann; Martinez, Alejandra; Vidal, Fabien

    2014-01-01

    Background. Large loop excision of the transformation zone (LLETZ) is routinely performed for the management of high grade intracervical neoplasia (CIN). Several uncommon complications have been described, including postoperative peritonitis, pseudoaneurysm of uterine artery, and bowel fistula. We report a unique case of postoperative vaginal evisceration and the subsequent management. Case. A 73-years-old woman underwent LLETZ for high grade CIN. On postoperative day 3, she was admitted for small bowel evisceration through the vagina. Surgical management was based on combined laparoscopic and transvaginal approach and consisted in bowel inspection and reinstatement, peritoneal washing, and dehiscence repair. Conclusions. Vaginal evisceration is a rare but potentially serious complication of pelvic surgery. This case report is to make clinicians aware of such complication following LLETZ and its management. PMID:25506010

  16. Vaginal and Vulvar Cancer

    MedlinePLUS

    ... sixth type of gynecologic cancer is the very rare fallopian tube cancer.) This fact sheet about vaginal ... get them. Vaginal and vulvar cancers are very rare. Together, they account for 6-7 percent of ...

  17. What Is Vaginal Cancer?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... cancer There are several types of vaginal cancer. Squamous cell carcinoma About 70 of every 100 cases of vaginal cancer are squamous cell carcinomas . These cancers begin in the squamous cells that ...

  18. Rectovaginal fistula after Posterior Intravaginal Slingplasty and polypropylene mesh augmented rectocele repair.

    PubMed

    Hilger, Wesley S; Cornella, Jeffrey L

    2006-01-01

    Posterior Intravaginal Slingplasty and mesh augmented rectocele repairs are procedures promoted for correction of vaginal relaxation. There is little data on the complications of these procedures alone or in combination. The first report of rectovaginal fistula after Posterior Intravaginal Slingplasty with graft augmented rectocele repair is presented. A 60-year-old female developed a rectovaginal fistula 3 months after undergoing a Posterior Intravaginal Slingplasty and mesh augmented rectocele repair for prolapse. Two attempts at correcting the fistula failed and there was a recurrence of her vault prolapse. She may now require diverting colostomy and repeat repair of her vault prolapse. The case report highlights the difficulties in treating a rectovaginal fistula that developed after Posterior Intravaginal Slingplasty and mesh augmented rectocele repair for vaginal vault prolapse. More data regarding complications associated with use of these procedures is needed prior to widespread use. PMID:16052293

  19. [Clinical experiences of five cases with ulcerative colitis and recto- or anovaginal fistula].

    PubMed

    Koganei, Kazutaka; Kimura, Hideaki; Sugita, Akira; Arai, Katsuhiko; Fukushima, Tsuneo; Shimada, Hiroshi

    2006-12-01

    Clinical aspects, treatment and outcome of five patients with ulcerative colitis recto- or anovaginal fistula and were studied retrospectively. All patients had total colitis (relapse and remission type) and more than a 5 year history of ulcerative colitis. They all had anorectal complications, such as periproctal abscess, stenosis of fistula. Four patients had total colectomy with an ileal pouch anal canal anastomosis for intractability or dysplasia. One was treated conservatively. Complete closure of fistula was obtained in two patients;in one patient rectum was resected below the fistula and in one patient defect of the vaginal posterior wall was reconstructed by using a gluteal fold flap following colectomy. Recto- or anovaginal fistula complicating ulcerative colitis is rare but may occur in the patients with severe rectal inflammation and they can be managed by restorative proctocolectomy with an ileal pouch anal or anal canal anastomosis. PMID:17148923

  20. Management of persistent vaginitis.

    PubMed

    Nyirjesy, Paul

    2014-12-01

    With vaginitis remaining a common condition that leads women to seek care, it is not surprising that some women develop chronic vulvovaginal problems that are difficult to diagnose and treat. With a differential diagnosis that encompasses vulvar disorders and infectious and noninfectious causes of vaginitis, accurate diagnosis is the cornerstone of choosing effective therapy. Evaluation should include a symptom-specific history, careful vulvar and vaginal examination, and office-based tests (vaginal pH, amine test, saline and 10% potassium hydroxide microscopy). Ancillary tests, especially yeast culture with speciation, are frequently crucial to obtaining a correct diagnosis. A heavy but normal physiologic discharge can be determined by excluding other causes. With vulvovaginal candidiasis, differentiating between Candida albicans and non-albicans Candida infection has important treatment ramifications. Most patients with C albicans infections can be successfully treated with maintenance antifungal therapy, usually with fluconazole. Although many non-albicans Candida, particularly Candida glabrata, may at times be innocent bystanders, vaginal boric acid therapy is an effective first choice for many true non-albicans Candida infections. Recurrent bacterial vaginosis, a difficult therapeutic challenge, can often be controlled with maintenance therapy. Multiple options, especially high-dose tinidazole, have been used for metronidazole-resistant trichomoniasis. With the aging of the U.S. population, atrophic vaginitis and desquamative inflammatory vaginitis, both associated with hypoestrogenism, are encountered frequently in women with persistent vaginitis. PMID:25415165

  1. Carotid-Cavernous Fistulas

    PubMed Central

    Shownkeen, Harish; Bova, Davide; Origitano, Thomas C.; Petruzzelli, Guy J.; Leonetti, John P.

    2001-01-01

    The etiology, classification, clinical presentation, complications, and intravascular routes to image and treat carotid-cavernous fistulas percutaneously are described. Endoarterial and transvenous approaches (through the jugular, inferior petrosal, or cavernous veins) are discussed in relation to the etiology, size, and characteristics of the fistulas, as well as in relation to the planned therapeutic approach and its possible complications. Possible outcomes, with particular attention to the internal carotid circulation, side effects, and complications also are discussed in relation to etiology and type of fistula. Four exemplary cases are presented. ImagesFigure 1p212-bFigure 2p214-bFigure 3Figure 4 PMID:17167622

  2. Determinants of Postoperative Outcomes of Female Genital Fistula Repair Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Barone, Mark A.; Frajzyngier, Vera; Ruminjo, Joseph; Asiimwe, Frank; Barry, Thierno Hamidou; Bello, Abubakar; Danladi, Dantani; Ganda, Sanda Oumarou; Idris, Sa’ad; Inoussa, Maman; Lynch, Maura; Mussell, Felicity; Podder, Dulal Chandra

    2012-01-01

    Objective To determine predictors of fistula repair outcomes 3 months postsurgery. Methods We conducted a multicountry prospective cohort study between 2007 and 2010. Outcomes, measured 3 months postsurgery, included fistula closure, and residual incontinence in women with a closed fistula. Potential predictors included patient and fistula characteristics, and context of repair. Multivariable generalized estimating equation models were used to generate adjusted risk ratios (ARR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results Women who returned for follow-up 3 month postsurgery were included in predictors of closure analyses (n=1,274). Small bladder size (ARR 1.57; 95% CI 1.39–1.79), prior repair (ARR 1.40; 95% CI 1.11–1.76), severe scarring (ARR 1.56; 95% CI 1.20–2.04), partial urethral involvement (ARR 1.36; 95% CI 1.11–1.66), and complete urethral destruction/circumferential defect (ARR 1.72; 95% CI 1.33–2.23) predicted failed fistula closure. Women with a closed fistula at 3 month follow-up were included in predictors of residual incontinence analyses (n=1041). Prior repair (ARR 1.37; 95% CI 1.13–1.65), severe scarring (ARR 1.35; 95% CI 1.10–1.67), partial urethral involvement (ARR 1.78; 95% CI 1.27–2.48), and complete urethral destruction or circumferential defect (ARR 2.06; 95% CI 1.51–2.81) were significantly associated with residual incontinence. Conclusions The prognosis for genital fistula closure is related to preoperative bladder size, previous repair, vaginal scarring, and urethral involvement. PMID:22914460

  3. Embolization of Brain Aneurysms and Fistulas

    MedlinePLUS

    Embolization of Brain Aneurysms and Arteriovenous Malformations/Fistulas View larger with caption What is Embolization of Brain Aneurysms and Fistulas? What ... Brain Aneurysms and Fistulas? What is Embolization of Brain Aneurysms and Fistulas? View larger with caption Embolization ...

  4. Vaginal yeast infection

    MedlinePLUS

    ... help prevent and treat vaginal discharge: Keep your genital area clean and dry. Avoid soap and rinse ... feminine hygiene sprays, fragrances, or powders in the genital area. Avoid wearing tight-fitting pants or shorts, ...

  5. Vaginal birth - series (image)

    MedlinePLUS

    This presentation illustrates key stages of a normal vaginal delivery. Please keep in mind that every birth is unique, ... fluid, blood, and mucus from his nose and mouth. More contractions and pushing help deliver the baby's ...

  6. Vaginal sponge and spermicides

    MedlinePLUS

    Birth control - over the counter; Contraceptives - over the counter ... Spermicides and vaginal sponges do not work as well at preventing ... control at all. SPERMICIDES Spermicides are chemicals that stop ...

  7. How Is Vaginitis Treated?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... to learn the specific type of vaginitis. 1 Bacterial Vaginosis Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is treated with an antibiotic that gets ... Date: 05/21/2013 Related A-Z Topics Bacterial Vaginosis Contraception and Birth Control Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) ...

  8. Spontaneous Healing of a Rectovaginal Fistula Developing after Laparoscopic Segmental Bowel Resection for Intestinal Deep Infiltrating Endometriosis

    PubMed Central

    Trippia, Carlos Henrique; Zomer, Monica Tessmann

    2013-01-01

    The surgical treatment of intestinal deep infiltrating endometriosis has an associated risk of major complications such as dehiscence of the intestinal anastomosis, pelvic abscess, and rectovaginal fistula. The management of postoperative rectovaginal fistula frequently requires a reoperation and the construction of a stoma for temporary fecal diversion. In this paper we describe a 27-year-old woman undergoing laparoscopic treatment of deep infiltrating endometriosis (extramucosal cystectomy, resection of the uterosacral ligaments, resection of the posterior vaginal fornix, and segmental bowel resection) complicated by a rectovaginal fistula, which healed spontaneously with nonsurgical conservative treatment. PMID:23710392

  9. Vaginal Discharge Due to Undiagnosed Bilateral Duplicated Collecting System with Ectopic Ureters in a Three-Year-Old Female

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Troy D Moon; Alana A Kennedy; Katherine M Knight

    2002-01-01

    In prepubertal girls with vaginal discharge, consideration of the etiology must be given to respiratory pathogens (Streptococcus pyogenes, Haemophilus influenzae, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Neisseria meningitidis), enteric pathogens (Escherichia coli, Shigella, and Yersinia), poor hygiene, foreign body, nonabsorbent undergarments, irritants, vulvar skin disease, anatomic abnormalities (double vagina with fistula, pelvic abscess, and ectopic ureter), and sexual abuse.1 Prepubertal girls,

  10. Surgical repair of rectovaginal fistulas in patients with Crohn's disease: transvaginal approach.

    PubMed

    Sher, M E; Bauer, J J; Gelernt, I

    1991-08-01

    The surgical management of rectovaginal fistulas complicating Crohn's disease has been associated with unacceptably high failure rates. We sought to modify the available surgical techniques to provide a solution to this challenging problem. Between December 1983 and January 1990, 14 patients with Crohn's disease underwent repair of a rectovaginal fistula. A modified transvaginal approach was employed by the authors. A diverting loop ileostomy was performed on all patients, either as the initial step in the staged management of intractable perianal disease or concurrent with the repair of the rectovaginal fistula. The fistula was completely eradicated in 13 of the 14 women and did not recur during the mean follow-up period of 55.0 months (range, 3-77 months). Intestinal continuity was reestablished in these 13 patients within 6 months after the initial fistula repair. One patient with a very low-lying fistula constituted our only failure. We have found the transvaginal method preferable to the transanal approach because of the relative ease in raising the vaginal flap as compared with a flap of fibrotic and inflamed anorectal mucosa. On the basis of this study, we conclude that a modified transvaginal approach is an effective method for repair of rectovaginal fistulas secondary to Crohn's disease. PMID:1855419

  11. Vaginal bleeding in early pregnancy

    MedlinePLUS

    Vaginal bleeding during pregnancy is any discharge of blood from the vagina. It can happen any time from conception ( ... out of every 10 pregnant women have vaginal bleeding during their first 20 weeks of pregnancy.

  12. Pancreaticopleural fistula: a review.

    PubMed

    Aswani, Yashant; Hira, Priya

    2015-01-01

    Pancreaticopleural fistula is a rare complication of chronic pancreatitis consequent to posterior disruption of the pancreatic duct. The fistulous track ascends into the pleural cavity and gives rise to large volumes of pleural fluid. Pancreaticopleural fistula thus poses a diagnostic problem since the source of pleural fluid is extrathoracic. To further complicate the matter, abdominal pain is seldom the presenting or significant feature. The pleural effusion is typically rapidly accumulating, recurrent and exudative in nature. Pleural fluid amylase in the correct clinical setting virtually clinches the diagnosis. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and computed tomography may delineate the fistula and thus aid in diagnosis. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography has emerged both as a diagnostic as well as therapeutic modality in select patients of pancreaticopleural fistula while magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography is the radiological investigation of choice. Besides delineating the ductal anatomy, magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography can help stratify patients for appropriate management. A near normal or mildly dilated pancreatic duct responds well to chest drainage with octreotide while endoscopic stent placement benefits patients with duct disruption located in head or body of pancreas. Failure of medical or endoscopic therapy calls in for surgical intervention. Besides, a primary surgical management may be tried in patients with complete ductal obstruction, ductal disruption in tail or ductal obstruction proximal to fistula site. PMID:25640793

  13. MR features of a fistula formation from the cavity of a degenerated subserosal leiomyoma to the endocervical canal

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chan Kyo Kim; Byung Kwan Park

    2009-01-01

    We report on a patient with a fistula formation from the cavity of a degenerated subserosal leiomyoma to endocervical canal in a 42-year-old woman presented with malodorous vaginal discharge. MR imaging demonstrated the characteristic imaging features for the cavity of a degenerated subserosal uterine leiomyoma communicating with the endocervical canal. MR imaging might provide an accurate diagnosis and treatment planning

  14. [Deep rectovaginal fistula and incontinence after labor trauma].

    PubMed

    Giebel, G D; Karanjia, N D

    1993-01-01

    The commonest cause of traumata to the organ of continence is the injury during childbirth. Specially after negligent or missing reconstruction apart from incontinence rectovaginal fistulas can arise. This report deals with 24 incontinent women with a perineal laceration. After delivery 17 women had developed a low rectovaginal fistula. In addition to clinical recording of the incontinence, the proctological examination including anal manometry was carried out before and 25 months after surgery on an average. All patients get the same operation: Section of the anterior commissure, cutting out the fistula if necessary, separated suture of the animalic and voluntary sphincter, vaginal plasty. Preoperative resting pressure was 30 cm H2O and the voluntary pressure 46 cm H2O-on an average. Postoperative there was an increase to 61 cm H2O for the resting pressure and to 77 cm H2O for the voluntary pressure. 22 patients reported an improvement. 13 women are completely continent, 7 x soiling, 2 x incontinence for flatus, one incontinence for liquid stool and one stool incontinence were found. One fistula occurred again during follow up. Our surgical procedure compared with others has the advantage to give similar results avoiding protective colostoma. Besides the option for an other surgical procedure is still remained. PMID:8465618

  15. Vaginal Toxic Shock Reaction Triggering Desquamative Inflammatory Vaginitis

    PubMed Central

    Pereira, Nigel; Edlind, Thomas D.; Schlievert, Patrick M.; Nyirjesy, Paul

    2012-01-01

    Objective To report two cases of desquamative inflammatory vaginitis (DIV) associated with toxic shock syndrome toxin-1 (TSST-1)-producing Staphylococcus aureus strains. Materials and Methods Case report of two patients, one with an acute and one with a chronic presentation, diagnosed with DIV on the basis of clinical findings and wet mount microscopy. Pre- and posttreatment vaginal bacterial and yeast cultures were obtained. Results Pretreatment vaginal bacterial cultures from both patients grew TSST-1-producing S. aureus. Subsequent vaginal bacterial cultures following oral antibiotic therapy were negative. Conclusions DIV may be triggered through TSST-1-mediated vaginal toxic shock reaction. PMID:23222054

  16. Is vaginal hyaluronic acid as effective as vaginal estriol for vaginal dryness relief?

    PubMed

    Stute, Petra

    2013-12-01

    In a multicenter, randomized, controlled, open-label, parallel- group trial hyaluronic acid vaginal gel (Hyalofemme) was compared to estriol vaginal cream (Ovestin) in women with vaginal dryness due to various causes. A total of 144 supposedly postmenopausal women below age 70 years were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to either receive hyaluronic acid vaginal gel (5 g per application) or estriol vaginal cream (0.5 g cream per application = 0.5 mg estriol) every 3 days for a total of ten applications, respectively. Exclusion criteria included vaginal infections, conventional contraindications to estrogens, use of vaginal products other than the investigational compounds, being unmarried, pregnant, or breastfeeding. The aim of the study was to test for non-inferiority of hyaluronic acid vaginal gel compared to estriol vaginal cream. The primary efficacy end point was the percentage (%) improvement in vaginal dryness, with the secondary end points being the percentage (%) improvements in vaginal itching, burning, and dyspareunia. Efficacy was assessed by using a visual analog scale (VAS) (0-10; 0 = absent, 10 = intolerable) at baseline (V0), during telephone contact after the third administration (V1), and at the final visit after the tenth administration (V2). Safety parameters included vaginal pH, endometrial thickness, and a vaginal smear for vaginal microecosystem assessment. Adverse events were recorded according to international guidelines. 133 women completed the study. At baseline, participants' characteristics did not differ significantly. Mean age was 54 years, time since menopause was 5 years on average, and cause of menopause was mostly natural. However, mean menstrual cycle days were also reported, although according to inclusion criteria only postmenopausal women were eligible for the study. At V1, an improvement in vaginal dryness was reported by about 49 % of women using hyaluronic acid vaginal gel, and by 53 % of women using estriol vaginal cream (p = 0.31). At V2, the percentage improvement rates were 84 and 89 % (p = 0.13), respectively. Improvement rates for vaginal itching, burning, and dyspareunia at V2 were about 86, 85, and 57 % for hyaluronic acid vaginal gel, and 82, 87, and 62 % for estriol vaginal cream (p[0.05), respectively. After treatment, vaginal pH was significantly lower in estriol-treated women compared to those having received hyaluronic acid. Endometrial thickness did not differ between groups. In the majority of women, the vaginal microenvironment remained unaffected by treatment. However, the proportion of women whose abnormal vaginal microecological results became normal was higher in women using estriol vaginal cream. Adverse events (suspected to be) related to the investigational compounds were minor and included vaginal infection and genital itching. The authors concluded that hyaluronic acid vaginal gel was not inferior to estriol vaginal cream in women presenting with vaginal dryness. They suggest using hyaluronic acid vaginal gel not only as an alternative treatment to vaginal estrogens, but also to consider its general use in women presenting with vaginal dryness of any cause. PMID:24178484

  17. Vaginitis in adolescents.

    PubMed

    Syed, Tahniat S; Braverman, Paula K

    2004-06-01

    Vaginitis is a common complaint of adolescent females. It can cause extreme distress for some patients, especially those with recurrent symptoms. Thus, it is important to take care when evaluating these patients and to acknowledge their frustration when appropriate. A thoughtful and thorough history will determine most causes, with the most common being yeast, trichomoniasis, and BV. PMID:15449843

  18. Bilateral coronary arteriovenous fistulas

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joseph Joy; Thomas Titus; C. G. Venkitachalam; K. G. Balakrishnan

    1990-01-01

    A 14-year-old girl with bilateral coronary arteriovenous fistulas (CAVFs) draining into the right ventricle (RV) is presented. Selective coronary angiography revealed involvement of both right and left coronary arteries in the fistulous formation, but communication into the RV was single.

  19. [Cholecysto-biliary fistulas].

    PubMed

    Mandarano, R; Natale, A; Venturini, N; Rossi De Vermandois, S M; Ciccone, A

    1996-05-01

    Out of a total of 910 cholecystectomies performed on patients suffering from biliary calculosis, from January 1980 to December 1994 the Authors observed two cases of cholecysto-biliary fistulas (0.2%), a complication which can rarely affect biliary stones. In the light of the international literature and of their own, however, limited experience, the Authors take into account the pathophysiologic and clinical aspects of this pathology. They agree with the literature data on the lack of specificity of the clinical signs and uselessness of preoperative diagnostic tools, the only exception sometimes being E.R.C.P. The Authors find Csendes' cholecysto-biliary fistulas classification extremely useful as far as the subsequent surgical treatment is concerned. The latter should be electric, i.e. evaluation of each single case depending on the type of fistula, its size, conditions of its edges, dilatation of the main bile duct. Surgery may range from a simple suture of the fistula edges with endoluminal drainage, associated or not to surgery of the papilla, to a biliary digestive anastomosis. PMID:8755227

  20. Enterovesical fistulas in Crohn's disease.

    PubMed Central

    Heyen, F.; Ambrose, N. S.; Allan, R. N.; Dykes, P. W.; Alexander-Williams, J.; Keighley, M. R.

    1989-01-01

    A total of 19 enterovesical fistulas were recorded in a series of 799 patients with Crohn's disease (2.4%). The origin of the fistulas was: ileum (9), colon (6) and four were complex involving the small and large bowel. Only 13 patients presented with urinary symptoms: pneumaturia (9), haematuria (1) and urinary tract infection (3). Four fistulas were identified incidentally during contrast radiology, one fistula was identified during a laparotomy and one further fistula developed after a previous resection for Crohn's disease. Four patients were managed conservatively and all are asymptomatic, but it is not known whether the fistula has healed. Twelve fistulas were resected: 9 healed, 2 recurred and 1 patient died following resection for a malignant fistula complicating Crohn's disease. Early in the series three patients were managed by bypass or defunction of the fistula. In all cases the sepsis persisted resulting in mortality. Persistent symptomatic fistulas should be treated by resection of the affected segment of bowel with primary anastomosis if appropriate. The defect in the bladder should be closed over an indwelling catheter which should not be removed until there is radiological confirmation that the bladder defect has healed satisfactorily. PMID:2705716

  1. Pyomyositis after vaginal delivery

    PubMed Central

    Gaughan, Eve; Eogan, Maeve; Holohan, Mary

    2011-01-01

    Pyomyositis is a purulent infection of skeletal muscle that arises from haematogenous spread, usually with abscess formation. It can develop after a transient bacteraemia of any cause. This type of infection has never been reported before in the literature after vaginal delivery. A 34-year-old woman had progressive severe pain in the left buttock and thigh and weakness in the left lower limb day 1 post spontaneous vaginal delivery. MRI showed severe oedema of the left gluteus, iliacus, piriformis and adductor muscles of the left thigh and a small fluid collection at the left hip joint. She was diagnosed with pyomyositis. She had fever of 37.9°C immediately postpartum and her risk factors for bacteraemia were a mild IV cannula-associated cellulitis and labour itself. She required prolonged treatment with antibiotics before significant clinical improvement was noted. PMID:22693277

  2. Vaginal Vault Prolapse

    PubMed Central

    Uzoma, Azubuike; Farag, K. A.

    2009-01-01

    Introduction. Vaginal vault prolapse is a common complication following vaginal hysterectomy with negative impact on women's quality of life due to associated urinary, anorectal and sexual dysfunction. A clear understanding of the supporting mechanism for the uterus and vagina is important in making the right choice of corrective procedure. Management should be individualised, taking into consideration the surgeon's experience, patients age, comorbidities, previous surgery and sex life. Result. Preexisting pelvic floor defect prior to hysterectomy is the single most important risk factor for vault prolapse. Various surgical techniques have been advanced at hysterectomy to prevent vault prolapse. Studies have shown the McCall's culdoplasty under direct visualisation to be superior. Vault prolapse repair rely on either the use of patient's tissue or synthetic materials and can be carried out abdominally or vaginally. Sacrospinous fixation and abdominal sacrocolpopexy are the commonly performed procedures, with literature in favour of abdominal sacrocolpopexy over sacrospinous fixation due to its reported higher success rate of about 90%. Other less commonly performed procedures include uterosacral ligament suspension and illiococcygeal fixation, both of which are equally effective, with the former having a high risk of ureteric injury. Colpoclesis will play a greater role in the future as the aging population increases. Mesh procedures are gaining in popularity, and preliminary data from vaginal mesh procedures is encouraging. Laparoscopic techniques require a high level of skill and experience. There are many controversies on the mechanism of prolapse and management techniques, which we have tried to address in this article. Conclusion. As the aging population increases, the incidence of prolapse will also rise, older techniques using native tissue will continue, while new techniques using the mesh needs to be studied further. The later may well be the way forward in future. PMID:19936123

  3. Urethrocutaneous Fistula: A case Report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kadir Ceylan; Burhan Köseo?lu; Önder Tan; Bekir Atik

    2006-01-01

    Background: A 16-year-old boy with penilurethra anomaly was admitted to our clinic. This is a case description of a hypospadiac congenital\\u000a urethrocutaneous fistula of the anterior urethra. Methods\\/Results: After the chordee was corrected by removing dysgenetic tissue in urethral plate, urethral defect was repaired with tranverse\\u000a preputial island flap. Conclusions: Congenital urethrocutaneous fistula is rare. Thirty-two cases of urethrocutaneous fistula

  4. Vaginal immunity in bacterial vaginosis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sabina Cauci

    2004-01-01

    Vaginal immunity in response to microbial perturbation is still poorly understood and may be crucial for protection from adverse\\u000a outcomes associated with bacterial vaginosis (BV). BV is the most prevalent vaginal disorder in adult women worldwide. However,\\u000a its pathogenesis is still elusive. In BVpositive women, inflammatory signs are scant—approximately 50% of women are asymptomatic.\\u000a The number of vaginal neutrophils in

  5. Periileostomy fistulae in Crohn's disease.

    PubMed Central

    Greenstein, A J; Dicker, A; Meyers, S; Aufses, A H

    1983-01-01

    Fifteen of 214 patients with an ileostomy constructed during the course of Crohn's disease developed periileostomy fistulae. In each case this was the consequence of recurrent ileal disease. The incidence was higher in female patients as well as those with a prior history of either intraabdominal abscess or any type of fistula. Periileostomy fistulae are frequently multiple. In addition to the clinical features of recurrent disease, periileostomy fistulae cause additional symptoms that are particularly distressing. These result from the proximity of the fistula to the stoma and the difficulty of maintaining the seal of an appliance. All periileostomy fistulae require resection and reconstruction of the stoma. Superficial fistulae with relatively smooth skin around the stoma may be reconstructed using the original stoma site; but deep fistulae with severe peristomal excoriation, induration and inflammation require transposition to a different quadrant. This may, in suitable cases, be carried out by direct stoma-to-stoma transposition, without formal laparotomy. The quality of life following successful reconstruction of the stoma is excellent, even though some patients will develop additional recurrent disease. To date none of these patients have developed another periileostomy fistula. Images Fig. 1. PMID:6824371

  6. Coronary artery fistulas

    PubMed Central

    Said, S.A.M.; Thiadens, A.A.H.J.; Fieren, M.J.C.H.; Meijboom, E.J.; van der Werf, T.; Bennink, G.B.W.E.

    2002-01-01

    The aetiology of congenital coronary artery fistulas remains a challenging issue. Coronary arteries with an anatomically normal origin may, for obscure reasons, terminate abnormally and communicate with different single or multiple cardiac chambers or great vessels. When this occurs, the angiographic morphological appearance may vary greatly from discrete channels to plexiform network of vessels. Coronary arteriovenous fistulas (CAVFs) have neither specific signs nor pathognomonic symptoms; the spectrum of clinical features varies considerably. The clinical presentation of symptomatic cases can include angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, fatigue, dyspnoea, CHF, SBE, ventricular and supraventricular tachyarrhythmias or even sudden cardiac death. CAVFs may, however, be a coincidental finding during diagnostic coronary angiography (CAG). CAG is considered the gold standard for diagnosing and delineating the morphological anatomy and pathway of CAVFs. There are various tailored therapeutic modalities for the wide spectrum of clinical manifestations of CAVFs, including conservative pharmacological strategy, percutaneous transluminal embolisation and surgical ligation. ImagesFigure 1Figure 2Figure 3Figure 4 PMID:25696067

  7. Complex Anal Fistula

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Avraham Belizon; Eric G. Weiss

    \\u000a Complex fistula-in-ano is a frequent source of concern for both patients and surgeons because of its high rate of recurrence\\u000a and potential for postoperative anal incontinence. There remains a balance between total sphincter-preserving surgery that\\u000a may result in a high rate of fecal continence and the more radical approaches.

  8. Iatrogenic rectovaginal fistula repair by trans-perineal approach and pubo-coccygeus muscle interposition

    PubMed Central

    Pata, Giacomo; Pasini, Mario; Roncali, Stefano; Tognali, Daniela; Ragni, Fulvio

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Rectovaginal fistula (RVF) is a rare but debilitating complication of a variety of pelvic surgical procedures. PRESENTATION OF CASE We report the case of a 45-year-old female who underwent the STARR (Stapled Trans Anal Rectal Resection) procedure, that was complicated by a 30mm rectovaginal fistula (RVF). We successfully repaired the fistula by trans-perineal approach and pubo-coccygeus muscle interposition. Seven months later we can confirm the complete fistula healing and good patient's quality of life. We carefully describe our technique showing the advantages over alternative suturing, flap reconstruction or resection procedures. DISCUSSION This technique is fairly easy to perform and conservative. The pubo-coccygeus muscle is quickly recognizable during the dissection of the recto-vaginal space and the tension-free approximation of this muscle by single sutures represents an easy way of replacement of the recto-vaginal septum. CONCLUSION In our experience the use of pubo-coccygeus muscle interposition is an effective technique for rectovaginal space reconstruction and it should be considered as a viable solution for RVF repair. PMID:25016079

  9. Vaginal Discharge: What's Normal, What's Not

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Dealing With Anger Vaginal Discharge: What's Normal, What's Not KidsHealth > Teens > Sexual Health > For Girls > Vaginal Discharge: What's Normal, What's Not Print A A A Text Size Normal vaginal ...

  10. Newly developed vaginal atrophy symptoms II and vaginal pH: a better correlation in vaginal atrophy?

    PubMed

    Tuntiviriyapun, P; Panyakhamlerd, K; Triratanachat, S; Chatsuwan, T; Chaikittisilpa, S; Jaisamrarn, U; Taechakraichana, N

    2015-04-01

    Objectives The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the correlation among symptoms, signs, and the number of lactobacilli in postmenopausal vaginal atrophy. The secondary objective was to develop a new parameter to improve the correlation. Study design A cross-sectional descriptive study. Methods Naturally postmenopausal women aged 45-70 years with at least one clinical symptom of vaginal atrophy of moderate to severe intensity were included in this study. All of the objective parameters (vaginal atrophy score, vaginal pH, the number of lactobacilli, vaginal maturation index, and vaginal maturation value) were evaluated and correlated with vaginal atrophy symptoms. A new parameter of vaginal atrophy, vaginal atrophy symptoms II, was developed and consists of the two most bothersome symptoms (vaginal dryness and dyspareunia). Vaginal atrophy symptoms II was analyzed for correlation with the objective parameters. Results A total of 132 naturally postmenopausal women were recruited for analysis. Vaginal pH was the only objective parameter found to have a weak correlation with vaginal atrophy symptoms (r = 0.273, p = 0.002). The newly developed vaginal atrophy symptoms II parameter showed moderate correlation with vaginal pH (r = 0.356, p < 0.001) and a weak correlation with the vaginal atrophy score (r = 0.230, p < 0.001). History of sexual intercourse within 3 months was associated with a better correlation between vaginal atrophy symptoms and the objective parameters. Conclusion Vaginal pH was significantly correlated with vaginal atrophy symptoms. The newly developed vaginal atrophy symptoms II was associated with a better correlation. The vaginal atrophy symptoms II and vaginal pH may be better tools for clinical evaluation and future study of the vaginal ecosystem. PMID:25374401

  11. Modern management of anal fistula

    PubMed Central

    Limura, Elsa; Giordano, Pasquale

    2015-01-01

    Ideal surgical treatment for anal fistula should aim to eradicate sepsis and promote healing of the tract, whilst preserving the sphincters and the mechanism of continence. For the simple and most distal fistulae, conventional surgical options such as laying open of the fistula tract seem to be relatively safe and therefore, well accepted in clinical practise. However, for the more complex fistulae where a significant proportion of the anal sphincter is involved, great concern remains about damaging the sphincter and subsequent poor functional outcome, which is quite inevitable following conventional surgical treatment. For this reason, over the last two decades, many sphincter-preserving procedures for the treatment of anal fistula have been introduced with the common goal of minimising the injury to the anal sphincters and preserving optimal function. Among them, the ligation of intersphincteric fistula tract procedure appears to be safe and effective and may be routinely considered for complex anal fistula. Another technique, the anal fistula plug, derived from porcine small intestinal submucosa, is safe but modestly effective in long-term follow-up, with success rates varying from 24%-88%. The failure rate may be due to its extrusion from the fistula tract. To obviate that, a new designed plug (GORE BioA®) was introduced, but long term data regarding its efficacy are scant. Fibrin glue showed poor and variable healing rate (14%-74%). FiLaC and video-assisted anal fistula treatment procedures, respectively using laser and electrode energy, are expensive and yet to be thoroughly assessed in clinical practise. Recently, a therapy using autologous adipose-derived stem cells has been described. Their properties of regenerating tissues and suppressing inflammatory response must be better investigated on anal fistulae, and studies remain in progress. The aim of this present article is to review the pertinent literature, describing the advantages and limitations of new sphincter-preserving techniques. PMID:25574077

  12. Modern management of anal fistula.

    PubMed

    Limura, Elsa; Giordano, Pasquale

    2015-01-01

    Ideal surgical treatment for anal fistula should aim to eradicate sepsis and promote healing of the tract, whilst preserving the sphincters and the mechanism of continence. For the simple and most distal fistulae, conventional surgical options such as laying open of the fistula tract seem to be relatively safe and therefore, well accepted in clinical practise. However, for the more complex fistulae where a significant proportion of the anal sphincter is involved, great concern remains about damaging the sphincter and subsequent poor functional outcome, which is quite inevitable following conventional surgical treatment. For this reason, over the last two decades, many sphincter-preserving procedures for the treatment of anal fistula have been introduced with the common goal of minimising the injury to the anal sphincters and preserving optimal function. Among them, the ligation of intersphincteric fistula tract procedure appears to be safe and effective and may be routinely considered for complex anal fistula. Another technique, the anal fistula plug, derived from porcine small intestinal submucosa, is safe but modestly effective in long-term follow-up, with success rates varying from 24%-88%. The failure rate may be due to its extrusion from the fistula tract. To obviate that, a new designed plug (GORE BioA®) was introduced, but long term data regarding its efficacy are scant. Fibrin glue showed poor and variable healing rate (14%-74%). FiLaC and video-assisted anal fistula treatment procedures, respectively using laser and electrode energy, are expensive and yet to be thoroughly assessed in clinical practise. Recently, a therapy using autologous adipose-derived stem cells has been described. Their properties of regenerating tissues and suppressing inflammatory response must be better investigated on anal fistulae, and studies remain in progress. The aim of this present article is to review the pertinent literature, describing the advantages and limitations of new sphincter-preserving techniques. PMID:25574077

  13. Radionuclide imaging for vesico-renal reflux using intravenous 99 m TcD. T. P. A

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. E. Pollet; P. F. Sharp; F. W. Smith

    1979-01-01

    This study shows that Radionuclide imaging provides a simple method for detecting vesico-renal reflux in children, when an intravenous dose of 99mTc-D. T. P. A. is used as radioactive tracer. Forty-eight patients have been studied, of these twenty-eight also had intravenous pyelography with post-micturition films, micturating cystography, and cystoscopy. In this group of 28 patients the radionuclide imaging technique detected

  14. Clinical procedures and practices used in the perioperative treatment of female genital fistula during a prospective cohort study

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Treatment and care for female genital fistula have become increasingly available over the last decade in countries across Africa and South Asia. Before the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) and partners published a global fistula training manual in 2011 there was no internationally recognized, standardized training curriculum, including perioperative care. The community of fistula care practitioners and advocates lacks data about the prevalence of various perioperative clinical procedures and practices and their potential programmatic implications are lacking. Methods Data presented here are from a prospective cohort study conducted between September 2007 and September 2010 at 11 fistula repair facilities supported by Fistula Care in five countries. Clinical procedures and practices used in the routine perioperative management of over 1300 women are described. Results More than two dozen clinical procedures and practices were tabulated. Some of them were commonly used at all sites (e.g., vaginal route of repair, 95.3% of cases); others were rare (e.g., flaps/grafts, 3.4%) or varied widely depending on site (e.g. for women with urinary fistula, the inter-quartile range for median duration of post-repair bladder catheterization was 14 to 29 days). Conclusions These findings show a wide range of clinical procedures and practices with different program implications for safety, efficacy, and cost-effectiveness. The variability indicates the need for further research so as to strengthen the evidence base for fistula treatment in developing countries. PMID:24996561

  15. A rare spontaneous enterocutaneous fistula

    PubMed Central

    Weledji, Elroy P.; Puepi, Marlene A.; Chichom, Alain M.

    2014-01-01

    A 70-year-old woman presented with a short history of a spontaneous enterocutaneos fistula in the left inguinal region. A laparotomy revealed a fistulizing Richter's hernia. The fistulizing small bowel segment was resected and the femoral hernia repaired from below. Although rare, a complicating Richter's hernia should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a groin fistula. PMID:25391523

  16. Treatment of vaginal atrophy.

    PubMed

    Domoney, Claudine

    2014-03-01

    Vaginal or vulvovaginal atrophy is a widespread but poorly recognized condition of peri- and post-menopausal women. It causes urogenital symptoms of dryness, reduced lubrication, itching, burning, irritable bladder symptoms and painful intercourse. This impacts quality of life and sexual health, but increases with time rather than reduces, as with most other menopausal symptoms. With early identification, treatments can improve these symptoms and reverse the physical changes. However, when embedded, bladder and sexual changes have occurred and these may be more difficult to remedy. Therefore, it is important to educate both healthcare professionals and women about these symptoms and advise on the range of interventions available. PMID:24601810

  17. Predictors of the vaginal microflora

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Edward R. Newton; Jeanna M. Piper; Rochelle N. Shain; Sondra T. Perdue; William Peairs

    2001-01-01

    Objective: Our purpose was to define influences on the patterns of the vaginal microflora. Study Design: We enrolled 617 African American and Mexican American women in a 1-year longitudinal study of sexual behaviors and the vaginal microflora on the basis of the presence of gonorrhea, chlamydial infection, trichomoniasis, or syphilis at the initial visit. The patients were assigned randomly to

  18. Transposed Brachiobasilic Arteriovenous Fistula

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    We performed transposed brachiobasilic arteriovenous fistula (TBBAVF) in 24 patients from January 2006 to August 2010. The operative time was 90–210 minutes (mean: 136 minutes). All patients had edema of an upper extremity and 2 patients had wound complications. Major complications were not seen. The primary patency rates at one and two years were 89.7% and 69.0%, respectively. The secondary patency rates at one and two years were 95.7% and 73.6%, respectively. TBBAVF has good primary and secondary patency rates with few severe complications. (*English Translation of Jpn J Phlebology 2011; 22: 33-38.) PMID:23825496

  19. LOWER REPRODUCTIVE TRACT FISTULA REPAIRS IN INPATIENT US WOMEN, 1979-2006

    PubMed Central

    BROWN, Heidi W.; WANG, Li; BUNKER, Clareann H.; LOWDER, Jerry L.

    2013-01-01

    Objective To characterize trends in lower reproductive tract fistula (LRTF) repair in inpatient US women from 1979-2006. Methods Retrospective data was obtained from the National Hospital Discharge Survey regarding LRTF diagnoses, demographics, comorbidities, and fistula repair procedures, using ICD-9-CM diagnostic and procedure codes. Age-adjusted rates (AARs) were calculated using 1990 census data. Trends in LRTF surgical repair were evaluated using regression analysis. Results Between 1979 and 2006, the AAR of LRTF repair declined from 7.8 to 4.8 per 100,000 women (b = ?2.97, p<0.001). The most common surgical fistula repairs were rectovaginal, vesicovaginal, and colovaginal. The AARs of colovaginal and vesicovaginal fistula repair remained stable, while the AAR of rectovaginal fistula repair declined. Conclusions The AAR of inpatient LRTF repair declined between 1979 and 2006, perhaps reflecting a concurrent decrease in obstetric trauma, in the context of decreasing episiotomy and operative vaginal delivery and increasing Cesarean section rates. PMID:22278712

  20. Idiopathic fistula-in-ano

    PubMed Central

    Shawki, Sherief; Wexner, Steven D

    2011-01-01

    Fistula-in-ano is the most common form of perineal sepsis. Typically, a fistula includes an internal opening, a track, and an external opening. The external opening might acutely appear following infection and/or an abscess, or more insiduously in a chronic manner. Management includes control of infection, assessment of the fistulous track in relation to the anal sphincter muscle, and finally, definitive treatment of the fistula. Fistulotomy was the most commonly used mode of management, but concerns about post-fistulotomy incontinence prompted the use of sphincter preserving techniques such as advancement flaps, fibrin glue, collagen fistula plug, ligation of the intersphincteric fistula track, and stem cells. Many descriptive and comparative studies have evaluated these different techniques with variable outcomes. The lack of consistent results, level I evidence, or long-term follow-up, as well as the heterogeneity of fistula pathology has prevented a definitive treatment algorithm. This article will review the most commonly available modalities and techniques for managing idiopathic fistula-in-ano. PMID:21876614

  1. Episiotomy for vaginal birth

    PubMed Central

    Carroli, Guillermo; Mignini, Luciano

    2014-01-01

    Background Episiotomy is done to prevent severe perineal tears, but its routine use has been questioned. The relative effects of midline compared with midlateral episiotomy are unclear. Objectives The objective of this review was to assess the effects of restrictive use of episiotomy compared with routine episiotomy during vaginal birth. Search methods We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group’s Trials Register (March 2008). Selection criteria Randomized trials comparing restrictive use of episiotomy with routine use of episiotomy; restrictive use of mediolateral episiotomy versus routine mediolateral episiotomy; restrictive use of midline episiotomy versus routine midline episiotomy; and use of midline episiotomy versus mediolateral episiotomy. Data collection and analysis The two review authors independently assessed trial quality and extracted the data. Main results We included eight studies (5541 women). In the routine episiotomy group, 75.15% (2035/2708) of women had episiotomies, while the rate in the restrictive episiotomy group was 28.40% (776/2733). Compared with routine use, restrictive episiotomy resulted in less severe perineal trauma (relative risk (RR) 0.67, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.49 to 0.91), less suturing (RR 0.71, 95% CI 0.61 to 0.81) and fewer healing complications (RR 0.69, 95% CI 0.56 to 0.85). Restrictive episiotomy was associated with more anterior perineal trauma (RR 1.84, 95% CI 1.61 to 2.10). There was no difference in severe vaginal/perineal trauma (RR 0.92, 95% CI 0.72 to 1.18); dyspareunia (RR 1.02, 95% CI 0.90 to 1.16); urinary incontinence (RR 0.98, 95% CI 0.79 to 1.20) or several pain measures. Results for restrictive versus routine mediolateral versus midline episiotomy were similar to the overall comparison. Authors’ conclusions Restrictive episiotomy policies appear to have a number of benefits compared to policies based on routine episiotomy. There is less posterior perineal trauma, less suturing and fewer complications, no difference for most pain measures and severe vaginal or perineal trauma, but there was an increased risk of anterior perineal trauma with restrictive episiotomy. PMID:19160176

  2. Multiple Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas

    PubMed Central

    Goddard, A.J.P.; Khangure, M.S.

    2002-01-01

    Summary Dural arteriovenous fistulas are most probably acquired lesions. However, they have been rarely encountered de novo. We present a unique case of a 71-year-old woman who initially presented with right-sided dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF), which spontaneously resolved after diagnostic arteriography. She later developed asymptomatic occlusion of the left transverse sinus. Five years after her initial presentation she developed left-sided pulse-synchronous tinnitus. MRA and catheter angiography showed a complex type IV DAVF between the left transverse sinus and multiple dural branches arising from both left and right external carotid arteries. The left transverse sinus was isolated from the torcula herophili, with stenosis of the sigmoid sinus. Extensive cortical venous drainage was demonstrated. Endovascular cure was effected by polyvinyl alcohol particle and absolute alcohol occlusion of the dominant dural supply, and transvenous coil occlusion of the left transverse sinus. The patient's symptoms resolved almost immediately. This unique case demonstrates that dural sinus occlusion and DAVFs may co-exist, but there may not be a causal relationship. It is likely that both DAVFs and sinus occlusion are manifestations of the same disease process characterised by a pro-thrombotic state and secondary angiogenesis. It is important to recognise that changes in symptomatology, even long after apparent disappearance of a lesion may indicate recurrence, and careful follow up is advocated. PMID:20594527

  3. Cavernous sinus fistulas: Carotid cavernous fistulas and dural arteriovenous malformations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Leonard Feiner; Jeffrey Bennett; Nicholas J. Volpe

    2003-01-01

    Direct and indirect carotid cavernous sinus fistulas are uncommon vascular anomalies that result in increased pressure in\\u000a the cavernous sinus. The subsequent changes in blood flow lead to orbital venous congestion, cranial neuropathies, and glaucoma.\\u000a The following review summarizes knowledge of the clinical features, natural history, diagnostic testing, and therapy for carotid\\u000a cavernous sinus fistulas.

  4. Drugs Approved for Vaginal Cancer

    Cancer.gov

    This page lists cancer drugs approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to prevent vaginal cancer. The list includes generic names and brand names. The drug names link to NCI’s Cancer Drug Information summaries.

  5. Vaginal itching and discharge - child

    MedlinePLUS

    ... girl has a sexually transmitted vaginal infection, however, sexual abuse must be considered and addressed. A foreign body ... abdominal pain or has a fever. You suspect sexual abuse. Also call if: There are blisters or ulcers ...

  6. Vaginal bleeding in late pregnancy

    MedlinePLUS

    One out of 10 women will have vaginal bleeding during their third trimester. At times, it may ... few months of pregnancy, you should always report bleeding to your health care provider right away. You ...

  7. Can Vaginal Cancer Be Prevented?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... can be spread during sex – including vaginal intercourse, anal intercourse, and oral sex – but sex doesn’t ... not letting others come in contact with your anal or genital area, but even then there could ...

  8. Long-term Follow-up after Feminizing Genital Reconstruction in Patients with Ambiguous Genitalia and High Vaginal Confluence

    PubMed Central

    Park, Sungchan; Ha, Seong Heon

    2011-01-01

    We evaluated the long-term results of feminizing genital reconstruction in patients with genital ambiguity with high vaginal confluence. The medical records of 10 consecutive patients with ambiguous genitalia and high vaginal confluence who underwent feminizing genital reconstruction from 1996 to 2007 were reviewed. Seven patients had congenital adrenal hyperplasia, one had mixed gonadal dysgenesis, one had partial androgen insensitivity, and one had 5-alpha reductase deficiency syndrome. Median age at operation was 21 months (range, 2-47 months). Median follow up was 7.7 yr. Of the six patients who underwent feminizing genital reconstruction with the Gonzalez method, three had good results. Of the other three patients, one had a urethrovaginal fistula and underwent fistula repair 9 yr after, one had distal vaginal stenosis and underwent revision vaginoplasty 9 yr after, and one had a urethrovaginal fistula and urethral stricture. The patient with urogenital mobilization had persistent urogenital sinus. Feminizing genitoplasty using the Gonzalez method showed good long-term results in patients with ambiguous genitalia and Congenital adrenal hyperplasia. The procedure is less invasive than other approaches and results in excellent cosmetic outcomes; and complications can be corrected by relatively simple procedures. PMID:21394309

  9. Interventional Management of Gastrointestinal Fistulas

    PubMed Central

    Kwon, Se Hwan; Kim, Hyoung Jung; Park, Sun Jin; Park, Ho Chul

    2008-01-01

    Gastrointestinal (GI) fistulas are frequently very serious complications that are associated with high morbidity and mortality. GI fistulas can cause a wide array of pathophysiological effects by allowing abnormal diversion of the GI contents, including digestive fluid, water, electrolytes, and nutrients, from either one intestine to another or from the intestine to the skin. As an alternative to surgery, recent technical advances in interventional radiology and percutaneous techniques have been shown as advantageous to lower the morbidity and mortality rate, and allow for superior accessibility to the fistulous tracts via the use of fistulography. In addition, new interventional management techniques continue to emerge. We describe the clinical and imaging features of GI fistulas and outline the interventional management of GI fistulas. PMID:19039271

  10. Endocaval suture of aortocaval fistula.

    PubMed

    Illuminati, G; Calió, F G; Bertagni, A; Caratozzolo, M; Vietri, F

    1997-05-01

    A case of aortocaval fistula complicating a ruptured infrarenal aortic aneurysm is reported. As the length of the defect and the thickness of the aortic wall made repair from within the aorta unsafe, the defect was repaired from within the vena cava. The details of the technique are reported. It can be a useful alternative to inferior vena cava ligation, when standard repair of aortocaval fistulae from within the aorta is risky or difficult to attempt. PMID:9128225

  11. Vaginal films for drug delivery.

    PubMed

    Machado, Rita M; Palmeira-de-Oliveira, Ana; Martinez-De-Oliveira, José; Palmeira-de-Oliveira, Rita

    2013-07-01

    Vaginal dosage forms have been studied in relation to many drugs as the vagina presents several advantages as a site for drug delivery, such as large surface area, rich blood supply, avoidance of the first-pass effect, relatively high permeability to several drugs, and self-insertion. Traditional vaginal dosage forms have been associated with disadvantages such as low residence time and discomfort and have been surpassed by newly designed drug delivery systems, particularly those based on bioadhesive polymers. Vaginal films are solid dosage forms that rapidly dissolve in contact with vaginal fluids and are unlikely to be associated with leakage and messiness. They have been studied for some female genital problems, aiming either contraceptive, antimicrobial, or microbicide effects. Precise and complex processes of manufacturing and characterization are required to achieve successful film formulation. Although scarce, the available user's acceptability studies show promising results. Vaginal films gather a lack of opportunities for both therapeutic and prophylactic actions, and therefore should be considered when designing and developing new vaginal drug delivery systems. PMID:23649325

  12. Vaginal Treatment of Vaginal Cuff Dehiscence with Visceral Loop Prolapse: A New Challenge in Reparative Vaginal Surgery?

    PubMed Central

    Di Naro, Edoardo; Schonauer, Luca Maria; Loverro, Maria Teresa; Indellicati, Beatrice; Barnaba, Mario; Loverro, Giuseppe

    2014-01-01

    Vaginal cuff dehiscence is a rare, but potentially morbid, complication of total hysterectomy and refers to separation of the vaginal cuff closure. The term vaginal cuff dehiscence is frequently interchanged with the terms of cuff separation or cuff rupture. All denote the separation of a vaginal incision that was previously closed at time of total hysterectomy. After dehiscence of the vaginal cuff, abdominal or pelvic contents may prolapse through the vaginal opening. Bowel evisceration, outside the vulvar introitus, can lead to serious sequelae, including peritonitis, bowel injury and necrosis, or sepsis. Therefore, although prompt surgical and medical intervention is required to replace prolapsed structures, the main problem remains the reconstruction of vaginal vault. In case of recent hysterectomy, vaginal reparation only requires the approximation of vaginal walls, including their fascia, while if dehiscence occurs after a long time from hysterectomy, the adequate suspension of the vaginal vault has to be taken into consideration. In this report we describe the case of a postmenopausal patient, undergoing surgical emergency because of the evisceration of an intestinal loop through a dehiscence of vaginal vault, after numerous reconstructive vaginal surgeries for vaginal prolapse. This paper analyzes clinical circumstances, risk factors, comorbidity, and clinical and surgical management of this complication. PMID:25525534

  13. Double congenital bronchoesophageal fistulae in an adult.

    PubMed

    Iwazawa, Takashi; Imazato, Mitsunobu; Ohnishi, Tadashi; Kimura, Yutaka; Yano, Hiroshi; Monden, Takushi

    2004-08-01

    We report adult congenital bronchoesophageal fistula with both symptomatic fistula and asymptomatic one. A 56-year-old woman with a history of cough after drinking fluids was diagnosed as bronchoesophageal fistula by upper gastrointestinal series that showed a diverticulum in the middle portion of the esophagus with a fistula between the esophagus and right lower lung. Esophagoscopy revealed an orifice of the fistula located 27 cm from the incisors. Computed tomography showed chronic inflammatory change with bronchiectasis in the S6 segment of the right lung. The patient underwent video assisted thoracic surgery that identified two fistulae without missing a symptomatic one, and both were successfully resected. The fistulae were lined by squamous epithelium and smooth muscle without evidence of malignancy, infection or chronic inflammation that were histologically compatible with congenital fistulae. PMID:15384715

  14. Frequent Hemodialysis Fistula Infectious Complications

    PubMed Central

    Lok, Charmaine E.; Sontrop, Jessica M.; Faratro, Rose; Chan, Christopher T.; Zimmerman, Deborah Lynn

    2014-01-01

    Background Few studies have examined if infectious arteriovenous access complications vary with the cannulation technique and whether this is modified by dialysis frequency. We compared the infection rate between fistulas cannulated using buttonhole versus stepladder techniques for patients treated with short daily (SDH) or nocturnal hemodialysis at home (NHD). We also compared patients receiving conventional intermittent hemodialysis (CIHD) using stepladder cannulation. Methods Data were prospectively collected from 631 patients dialyzed with a fistula from 2001 to 2010 (Toronto and Ottawa, Canada). We compared the person-time incidence rate of bacteremia and local fistula infections using the exact binomial test. Results Forty-six (7.3%) patients received SDH (?5 sessions/week, 2-4 h/session), 128 (20.3%) NHD (?4 sessions/week, ?5 h/session) and 457 (72%) CIHD (3 sessions/week, ?4 h/session). Fifty percent of SDH and 72% of NHD patients used the buttonhole technique. There were 39 buttonhole-related bacteremias (rate: 0.196/1,000 fistula days) and at least 2 local buttonhole site infections. Staphylococcus aureus accounted for 85% of the bacteremias. There were 5 (13%) infection-related hospitalizations and 3 (10%) serious metastatic infections, including fistula loss. In comparison, there was 1 possible fistula-related infection in CIHD during follow-up (rate: 0.002/1,000 fistula days). Conclusions The rate of buttonhole-related infections was high among patients on frequent hemodialysis and more than 50 times greater than that among patients on CIHD with the stepladder technique. Most bacteremias were due to S. aureus – with serious consequences. The risks and benefits of buttonhole cannulation require individual consideration with careful monitoring, prophylaxis and management. PMID:25473405

  15. Umbilico-biliary fistula in a dog.

    PubMed

    Sides, A A; Bright, R M; Mortimert, J

    2004-10-01

    This case report describes a previously unreported congenital malformation, an umbilico-billary fistula, in a dog. A one-year-old male bulldog was diagnosed with umbilico-billary fistula using fistulography. Treatment involving surgical removal of the fistula was straightforward and resulted in clinical resolution of the problem. PMID:15515800

  16. Endovascular treatment of carotid-cavernous fistulas.

    PubMed

    Zanaty, Mario; Chalouhi, Nohra; Tjoumakaris, Stavropaula I; Hasan, David; Rosenwasser, Robert H; Jabbour, Pascal

    2014-07-01

    Endovascular management has become the treatment of choice for carotid-cavernous fistulas regardless of the fistula type. The endovascular method offers numerous options that render it capable of treating each fistula type by choosing an adequate technique. This advantage along with the advancement in the field has led to fewer complications with higher success rate. PMID:24994090

  17. Congenital tracheobiliary fistula in an adolescent patient.

    PubMed

    Kim, Ju Sang; Suh, Jong Hui; Park, Chan Beom; Yoon, Jeong Seob

    2015-01-01

    Congenital tracheobiliary fistula is a rare malformation that allows communication between the respiratory system and hepatobiliary tract. We describe a male adolescent patient who was admitted with a destroyed lung caused by repetitive bile pneumonitis with a congenital tracheobiliary fistula. Left pneumonectomy was performed, and the fistula tract was successfully divided. PMID:25555959

  18. High uterosacral vaginal vault suspension with fascial reconstruction for vaginal repair of enterocele and vaginal vault prolapse

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Karram; S. Goldwasser; S. Kleeman; A. Steele; B. Vassallo; P. Walsh

    2001-01-01

    Objective: The purpose of this study was to review retrospectively the functional and anatomic outcomes of women who underwent vaginal repair of enterocele and vault prolapse with the use of an intraperitoneal suspension of the vaginal vault to the uterosacral ligaments in conjunction with fascial reconstruction of the anterior and posterior vaginal wall. Study Design: Two hundred two women with

  19. Vaginitis: current microbiologic and clinical concepts.

    PubMed Central

    Hill, L V; Embil, J A

    1986-01-01

    Infectious vaginitis occurs when the normal vaginal flora is disrupted; it may arise when saprophytes overwhelm the host immune response, when pathogenic organisms are introduced into the vagina or when changes in substrate allow an imbalance of microorganisms to develop. Examples of these types of vaginitis include the presence of chronic fungal infection in women with an inadequate cellular immune response to the yeast, the introduction of trichomonads into vaginal epithelium that has a sufficient supply of glycogen, and the alteration in bacterial flora, normally dominated by Lactobacillus spp., and its metabolites that is characteristic of "nonspecific vaginitis". The authors review microbiologic and clinical aspects of the fungal, protozoal and bacterial infections, including the interactions of bacteria thought to produce nonspecific vaginitis, that are now recognized as causing vaginitis. Other causes of vaginitis are also discussed. PMID:3510698

  20. 21 CFR 884.3900 - Vaginal stent.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES OBSTETRICAL AND GYNECOLOGICAL DEVICES Obstetrical and Gynecological Prosthetic Devices § 884.3900 Vaginal stent. (a) Identification. A vaginal stent is a device used to enlarge the...

  1. 21 CFR 884.3900 - Vaginal stent.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES OBSTETRICAL AND GYNECOLOGICAL DEVICES Obstetrical and Gynecological Prosthetic Devices § 884.3900 Vaginal stent. (a) Identification. A vaginal stent is a device used to enlarge the...

  2. 21 CFR 884.3575 - Vaginal pessary.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES OBSTETRICAL AND GYNECOLOGICAL DEVICES Obstetrical and Gynecological Prosthetic Devices § 884.3575 Vaginal pessary. (a) Identification. A vaginal pessary is a removable structure...

  3. Unusual Presentation of a Rectovestibular Fistula as Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage in a Postmenopausal Woman

    PubMed Central

    Grechukhina, Olga; Gressel, Gregory M.; Taylor, Graham; Schwartz, Jeremy I.; Welsh, Regan J.

    2014-01-01

    Background. Anorectal malformations (ARMs) are extremely rare and are usually identified neonatally. It is unusual for these cases to present in the postmenopausal period. This case report describes a postmenopausal patient with ARM and rectovaginal hemorrhage. Case. An 86-year-old, gravida 11, para 9, presented to the emergency department complaining of profuse postmenopausal vaginal bleeding. Her gynecologic history was significant only for an unclear history of an anal abnormality that was noted at birth. Speculum examination revealed profuse rectal bleeding from a rectovestibular fistula exterior to her hymenal ring. Colonoscopic examination revealed severe diverticular disease. Conclusion. This patient was born with an imperforate anus which resolved as rectovestibular fistula and ectopic anus. This case presents a rare clinical circumstance which integrates the fields of obstetrics, gynecology, gastroenterology, and embryology alike. PMID:25587474

  4. A Universal Combination Treatment for Vaginitis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jacob Bornstein; Doron Zarfati

    2008-01-01

    Background: We compared a novel vaginal tablet consisting of 100 mg of clotrimazole and 100 mg of metronidazole (‘Clo-Met’) to a 100-mg clotrimazole tablet in the treatment of vaginitis. Methods: A multicenter, double-blind, randomized controlled study. Women with vaginal discharge and diagnosed as suffering from vaginitis caused by Trichomonas vaginalis, bacterial vaginosis or Candida albicans, or any combination of the

  5. Anal fistula. Past and present.

    PubMed

    Zubaidi, Ahmad M

    2014-09-01

    Anal fistula is a common benign condition that typically describes a miscommunication between the anorectum and the perianal skin, which may present de novo, or develop after acute anorectal abscess. Athough anal fistulae are benign, the condition can still negatively influence a patient's quality of life by causing minor pain, social hygienic embarrassment, and in severe cases, frank sepsis. Despite its long history and prevalence, anal fistula management remains one of the most challenging and controversial topics in colorectal surgery today. The end goals of treatment include draining the local infection, eradicating the fistulous tract, and minimizing recurrence and incontinence rates. The goal of this review is to ensure surgeons and physicians are aware of the different imaging and treatment choices available, and to report expected outcomes of the various surgical modalities so they may select the most suitable treatment.  PMID:25228174

  6. Rectovaginal fistula following low circular stapled anastomosis in women with rectal cancer.

    PubMed

    Sugarbaker, P H

    1996-02-01

    Low anastomosis using a circular stapling instrument has become standard for performing a colorectal reconstruction following resection of a rectal cancer. Often these anastomoses are performed deep in the pelvis using a circular stapling instrument without clear visualization of the anastomotic site. In the female patient, unless an adequate stump of rectum is left above the circular staple line, there is danger that the side wall of the posterior aspect of the vagina can be included in the tissue rings (donuts) that are resected by the circular stapling instrument. This leaves the patient at high risk for late development of a rectovaginal fistula by vaginal mucosa being incorporated into the rectal wall. Maintenance of an adequate mucosa beyond the linear staple linen and a vaginal examination prior to firing the circular stapler will prevent this problem. A patient is presented and the technical details for a safe low-low colorectal anastomosis are reviewed. PMID:8606549

  7. New technique for the management of vesicorectal fistulas

    SciTech Connect

    Leifer, G.; Jacobs, W.H.

    1988-08-01

    We report a new technique for the management of the complications of vesicorectal fistulas. The patient we present had a fistula and severe skin excoriation. The fistula was caused by carcinoma of the prostate that had been treated by radiation therapy. The fistula was patched with a rectal prosthesis similar to that used to patch esophageal-tracheal and esophageal-bronchial fistulas.

  8. Identifying vaginitis in general practice.

    PubMed

    Smail, J

    Clinicians conducted a study of 154 women who presented themselves at a health center of the University of Wales College of Medicine with symptoms of vaginitis. A nurse examined the vagina with a speculum to note the appearance of the cervix, the color and amount of discharge, and the presence of odor and inquired about soreness during the examination. The nurse took 3 endocervical swabs and 2 high vaginal swabs. Upon microscopic examination, any vaginal discharge with epithelial cells stippled with small coccobacilli indicated a possible Gardnerella vaginalis infection. Laboratory personnel identified G. vaginalis either alone or in combination with other organisms in 53% of the women. Those with G. vaginalis alone or in combination with anaerobes reported more symptoms than those women who had negative cultures. In addition, women with G. vaginalis alone and those G. vaginalis in combination with other organisms had more discharge, described as yellow and runny, than those with negative cultures. 77% of the women infected with G. vaginalis had a high cheese or fishy odor. 75% of the women with G. vaginalis came to the health center between 2-4 weeks or even longer after they 1st noticed symptoms. On the other hand, women who were infected with C. albicans presented to the health center within a week of the start of the symptoms. Clinicians had previously treated erroneously many of the women with G. vaginalis with an antifungal agent. These women should be treated with metronidazole or, if a yeast infection is also present, with an antifungal agent and metronidazole. All women who present themselves to a nurse or physician with vaginal symptoms should have a history taken, an examination, and vaginal discharge samples taken and evaluated in the laboratory. PMID:3498151

  9. Native arteriovenous fistula: Preoperative evaluation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marko Malovrh

    2002-01-01

    Duplex sonography recently has been recognized as an objective and noninvasive method to assess morphological and functional parameters of vessels that could predict arteriovenous fistula (AVF) patency and time of adequate maturation. To prospectively study prognostic indicators of native AVFs, forearm arteries and veins of patients with end-stage renal disease were examined by duplex sonography before AVF construction. Several anatomic

  10. Coronary Arteriovenous Fistulae: A Review

    PubMed Central

    Challoumas, Dimitris; Pericleous, Agamemnon; Dimitrakaki, Inetzi A.; Danelatos, Christos; Dimitrakakis, Georgios

    2014-01-01

    Coronary arteriovenous fistulae are a coronary anomaly, presenting in 0.002% of the general population. Their etiology can be congenital or acquired. We present a review of recent literature related to their epidemiology, etiology, pathophysiology, clinical presentation, diagnostic approach, and therapeutic management. PMID:24940026

  11. Enterovesical Fistulae: Aetiology, Imaging, and Management

    PubMed Central

    Golabek, Tomasz; Szymanska, Anna; Szopinski, Tomasz; Bukowczan, Jakub; Furmanek, Mariusz; Powroznik, Jan; Chlosta, Piotr

    2013-01-01

    Background and Study Objectives. Enterovesical fistula (EVF) is a devastating complication of a variety of inflammatory and neoplastic diseases. Radiological imaging plays a vital role in the diagnosis of EVF and is indispensable to gastroenterologists and surgeons for choosing the correct therapeutic option. This paper provides an overview of the diagnosis of enterovesical fistulae. The treatment of fistulae is also briefly discussed. Material and Methods. We performed a literature review by searching the Medline database for articles published from its inception until September 2013 based on clinical relevance. Electronic searches were limited to the keywords: “enterovesical fistula,” “colovesical fistula” (CVF), “pelvic fistula”, and “urinary fistula”. Results. EVF is a rare pathology. Diverticulitis is the commonest aetiology. Over two-thirds of affected patients describe pathognomonic features of pneumaturia, fecaluria, and recurrent urinary tract infections. Computed tomography is the modality of choice for the diagnosis of enterovesical fistulae as not only does it detect a fistula, but it also provides information about the surrounding anatomical structures. Conclusions. In the vast majority of cases, this condition is diagnosed because of unremitting urinary symptoms after gastroenterologist follow-up procedures for a diverticulitis or bowel inflammatory disease. Computed tomography is the most sensitive test for enterovesical fistula. PMID:24348538

  12. Hemodynamic consequences of Cimino fistulas studied with finger pressure measurements during fistula compression

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Willem Jan W Bos; Robert Zietse; Anton H van den Meiracker; Maarten A D H Schalekamp; Willem Weimar

    1995-01-01

    Cimino fistulas used for hemodialysis access may have important consequences for the local and systemic circulation [1, 2]. Locally, fistulas may impair tissue perfusion, and may even cause ischemia [1, 3–5]. Systemically, the large blood flow through the fistula may cause left ventricular dilation and hypertrophy, and eventually high output cardiac failure [2, 6–8]. Both local and cardiac hemodynamic consequences

  13. Enterovaginal fistulas associated with Crohn's disease.

    PubMed

    Givel, J C; Hawker, P; Allan, R N; Alexander-Williams, J

    1982-10-01

    Our experience in the management of 16 enterovaginal fistulas complicating Crohn's disease leads us to believe that such fistulas usually arise from active rectal disease and, despite being evident clinically, are difficult to confirm endoscopically or radiologically. Patients with few symptoms can be managed conservatively. Surgical repair protected by diversion may have a place in management, but most with severe symptoms will require excision of the intestine from which the fistula is arising. PMID:6889768

  14. Conservative Management of an Iatrogenic Arteriovenous Fistula

    PubMed Central

    Miller, Robert J.H; MacRae, Jennifer M; Mustata, Stefan

    2014-01-01

    Background Arteriovenous fistula is an uncommon complication of central venous catheterization that often requires invasive repair. Case Report We report the case of an arteriovenous fistula that presented as ongoing pain following removal of a tunneled central venous catheter. The fistula resolved spontaneously following a period of compression and observation. Conclusion Our study highlights the etiology of this uncommon complication as well as suggesting a role for conservative management. PMID:25404936

  15. The vaginal microbiome: rethinking health and diseases

    PubMed Central

    Ma, Bing; Forney, Larry J.; Ravel, Jacques

    2013-01-01

    Vaginal microbiota form a mutually beneficial relationship with their host and have major impact on health and disease. In recent years our understanding of vaginal bacterial community composition and structure has significantly broadened as a result of investigators using cultivation-independent methods based on the analysis of 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene sequences. In asymptomatic, otherwise healthy women, several kinds of vaginal microbiota exist, the majority often dominated by species of Lactobacillus, while others comprise a diverse array of anaerobic microorganisms. Bacterial vaginosis is the most common vaginal conditions and is vaguely characterized as the disruption of the equilibrium of the ‘normal’ vaginal microbiots. A better understanding of ‘normal’ and ‘healthy’ vaginal ecosystems that is based on its ‘true’ function and not simply on its composition would help better define health and further improve disease diagnostics as well as the development of more personalized regimens to promote health and treat diseases. PMID:22746335

  16. German S3-Guideline: Rectovaginal fistula

    PubMed Central

    Ommer, Andreas; Herold, Alexander; Berg, Eugen; Fürst, Alois; Schiedeck, Thomas; Sailer, Marco

    2012-01-01

    Background: Rectovaginal fistulas are rare, and the majority is of traumatic origin. The most common causes are obstetric trauma, local infection, and rectal surgery. This guideline does not cover rectovaginal fistulas that are caused by chronic inflammatory bowel disease. Methods: A systematic review of the literature was undertaken. Results: Rectovaginal fistula is diagnosed on the basis of the patient history and the clinical examination. Other pathologies should be ruled out by endoscopy, endosonography or tomography. The assessment of sphincter function is valuable for surgical planning (potential simultaneous sphincter reconstruction). Persistent rectovaginal fistulas generally require surgical treatment. Various surgical procedures have been described. The most common procedure involves a transrectal approach with endorectal suture. The transperineal approach is primarily used in case of simultaneous sphincter reconstruction. In recurrent fistulas. Closure can be achieved by the interposition of autologous tissue (Martius flap, gracilis muscle) or biologically degradable materials. In higher fistulas, abdominal approaches are used as well. Stoma creation is more frequently required in rectovaginal fistulas than in anal fistulas. The decision regarding stoma creation should be primarily based on the extent of the local defect and the resulting burden on the patient. Conclusion: In this clinical S3-Guideline, instructions for diagnosis and treatment of rectovaginal fistulas are described for the first time in Germany. Given the low evidence level, this guideline is to be considered of descriptive character only. Recommendations for diagnostics and treatment are primarily based the clinical experience of the guideline group and cannot be fully supported by the literature. PMID:23255878

  17. Single Hole High Flow Arteriovenous Fistula

    PubMed Central

    Campos, C.; Piske, R.; Nunes, J.; Soares, S.B.; Castro, J.A.; Mourao, G.; Lima, S.S.

    2002-01-01

    Summary A high flow pial arteriovenous fistula in a twenty-years-old girl is described. The arteriovenous communication corresponds to a single hole fistula on the right rolandic area, with a giant venous ectasia. The patient presented seizures and left hemiparesis as symptoms. The fistula was embolized with glue obtaining total occlusion of the shunt. Hypotension was induced and valsalva manoeuver was done during the glue injection to reduce the flow into the fistula,however 26 hours after the procedure the patient bled resulting in a fatal outcome. The purpose of this paper is discuss the presentation of Rendu-Osler-Weber (ROW) in children and the therapeutic guidelines. PMID:20594513

  18. Fluconazole Susceptibility of Vaginal Isolates Obtained from Women with Complicated Candida Vaginitis: Clinical Implications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. D. Sobel; M. Zervos; B. D. Reed; T. Hooton; D. Soper; P. Nyirjesy; M. W. Heine; J. Willems; H. Panzer

    2003-01-01

    Despite considerable evidence of azole resistance in oral candidiasis due to Candida species, little is known about the azole susceptibilities of the genital tract isolates responsible for vaginitis. The fluconazole suscep- tibilities of vaginal isolates obtained during a multicenter study of 556 women with complicated Candida vaginitis were determined by evaluating two fluconazole treatment regimens. Of 393 baseline isolates of

  19. Results of tension-free vaginal tape in patients with or without vaginal hysterectomy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Louis Jeffry; Bruno Deval; Anca Birsan; Olivier Kadoch; David Soriano

    2002-01-01

    Objective: To assess complications and cure rates of tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) procedure performed with or without vaginal hysterectomy. Study design: Retrospective comparison of 41 women with urinary incontinence treated by a TVT procedure alone and 40 combined with vaginal hysterectomy. Objective cure was evaluated by clinical and urodynamic examination and by the contilife questionnaire. All patients were operated under

  20. The changing landscape of the vaginal microbiome.

    PubMed

    Huang, Bernice; Fettweis, Jennifer M; Brooks, J Paul; Jefferson, Kimberly K; Buck, Gregory A

    2014-12-01

    Deep sequence analysis of the vaginal microbiome is revealing an unexpected complexity that was not anticipated as recently as several years ago. The lack of clarity in the definition of a healthy vaginal microbiome, much less an unhealthy vaginal microbiome, underscores the need for more investigation of these phenomena. Some clarity may be gained by the careful analysis of the genomes of the specific bacteria in these women. Ongoing studies will clarify this process and offer relief for women with recurring vaginal maladies and hope for pregnant women to avoid the experience of preterm birth. PMID:25439274

  1. What Are the Key Statistics about Vaginal Cancer?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... factors for vaginal cancer? What are the key statistics about vaginal cancer? Vaginal cancer is rare. Only ... Symptoms of Cancer Treatments & Side Effects Cancer Facts & Statistics News About Cancer Expert Voices Blog Programs & Services ...

  2. Is a Vaginal Birth Possible After a Cesarean Delivery?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Resources and Publications En Español Is a vaginal birth possible after a cesarean delivery? Skip sharing on social media links Share this: Page Content Vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) describes vaginal delivery by a ...

  3. Accessory Veins in Nonmaturing Autogenous Arteriovenous Fistulae: Analysis of Anatomic Features and Impact on Fistula Maturation.

    PubMed

    Engstrom, Bjorn I; Grimm, Lars J; Ronald, James; Smith, Tony P; Kim, Charles Y

    2014-12-01

    The appropriate management of nonmaturing arteriovenous (AV) fistulae continues to be a controversial issue. While coil embolization of accessory side-branch veins can be performed to encourage maturation of nonmaturing AV fistulae, the true efficacy and optimal patient population are not well understood. Fistulagrams performed on nonmaturing AV fistulae were retrospectively reviewed in 145 patients (86 males, median age 63 years) for the presence of accessory veins. Fistula and accessory vein measurements were obtained, as were rates of eventual fistula maturation after accessory vein coil embolization. Of 145 nonmaturing fistulae, 49 (34%) had a stenosis without any accessory veins, 76 (52%) had a stenosis and one or more accessory veins, and 20 (14%) had an accessory vein without concurrent stenosis. Eighteen AV fistulae had one or more accessory veins without coexisting stenosis. Nine fistulae had a caliber decrease immediately downstream from the accessory vein. Coil embolization of dominant accessory veins with a caliber decrease immediately downstream (n = 6) resulted in a 100% eventual fistula maturation rate versus 67% for fistulae without this configuration (n = 6, p = 0.15). Accessory vein size was not correlated with maturation rates (p = 0.51). The majority of nonmaturing fistulae with accessory veins had a coexisting stenosis. Higher maturation rates may result with selected anatomic parameters, although additional studies with more robust sample sizes are needed prior to definitive conclusions. PMID:25482275

  4. Immediate Laparoscopic Nontransvesical Repair without Omental Interposition for Vesicovaginal Fistula Developing after Total Abdominal Hysterectomy

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Jung Hun; Lee, Kyo Won; Han, Jong Sul; Choi, Pil Cho; Hoh, Jeong-Kyu

    2010-01-01

    Background and Objective: We conducted this study to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of immediate laparoscopic nontransvesical repair without omental interposition for vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) developing after total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH), which causes not only social and economic misery for the patient but also considerable stress to the physicians who perform the surgery. Methods: We performed a retrospective review of 5 women who underwent immediate laparoscopic nontransvesical repair without omental interposition for VVFs, developing after TAH from October 2007 to March 2009. In terms of laparoscopic procedure, cystoscopy was performed to confirm the location of fistula and ureteral openings, initially. Without opening the bladder, the fistula tract was identified, and the bladder was dissected from the vagina. The bladder defect was closed by using intracorporeal, continuous, and double-layer suturing, laparoscopically. The vaginal defect was closed using interrupted and single-layer suturing, vaginally. A Foley catheter was inserted for 2 weeks and removed after bladder integrity was confirmed with a retrograde cystogram. Results: The median age and body mass index of the patients were 47 years and 22.3 kg/m2, respectively. Operating time, hemoglobin change, and hospital stay were 95 minutes, 1.1 g/dL, and 5 days, respectively. There were no complications or laparoconversions. During follow-up (median 56.1 weeks; range 26.6 to 74.0), there was no evidence of recurrence. Conclusions: Immediate laparoscopic nontransvesical repair without omental interposition might be an effective, feasible alternative to the traditional methods in select patients with small sized (<1 cm) VVF developing after TAH. PMID:20932366

  5. Sigmoid colocolic fistula caused by intrauterine device migration: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Introduction The intrauterine device is a form of contraception with a long duration of action and few systemic side effects. Migration into the abdominal cavity may occur early or years after insertion giving rise to bowel obstruction, perforation, ischemia, mesenteric injury, strictures or fistulae. Colocolic fistula formation is a rare but serious complication of intrauterine device migration, which may lead to difficulties in diagnosis and device retrieval. Case presentation We report the case of a 29-year-old Sri Lankan woman who became pregnant 5 years after intrauterine device insertion. The device could not be located during pregnancy. She was asymptomatic and defaulted follow up during the antenatal period. She had an uncomplicated vaginal delivery. A subsequent laparotomy for device retrieval failed due to technical difficulties. A repeat laparotomy identified a sigmoid colocolic fistula with adhesions to the fallopian tube. The device was removed and colonic defects primarily closed following which the patient made an uneventful recovery. Conclusions All translocated intrauterine devices should be removed regardless of type and location. This case illustrates that they may cause complex bowel lesions leading to serious technical difficulties during retrieval. With the increasing use of minimally invasive approaches for intrauterine device retrieval, a low threshold for open surgery in complicated cases is advocated. PMID:24594141

  6. Incontinence and trauma: sexual violence, female genital cutting and proxy measures of gynecological fistula.

    PubMed

    Peterman, Amber; Johnson, Kiersten

    2009-03-01

    Obstetric fistula, characterized by urinary or fecal incontinence via the vagina, has begun to receive attention on the international public health agenda, however less attention has been given to traumatic fistula. Field reports indicate that trauma contributes to the burden of vaginal fistula, especially in regions wrought by civil unrest, however evidence is largely anecdotal or facility-based. This paper specifically examines the co-occurrence of incontinence and two potential sources of trauma: sexual violence and female genital cutting using the most recent Demographic and Health Surveys in Malawi, Rwanda, Uganda and Ethiopia. Multivariate selection models are used to control for sampling differences by country. Results indicate that sexual violence is a significant determinant of incontinence in Rwanda and Malawi, however not in Uganda. Simulations predict that elimination of sexual violence would result in from a 7 to a 40% reduction of the total burden of incontinence. In contrast, no evidence is found that female genital cutting contributes to incontinence and this finding is robust for types of cutting and high risk samples. Results point to the importance of reinforcing prevention programs which seek to address prevention of sexual violence and for the integration of services to better serve women experiencing both sexual violence and incontinence. PMID:19128867

  7. Minimal Invasive Coronary Artery Fistula Ligation

    PubMed Central

    Mitropoulos, Fotios A.; Kanakis, Meletios A.; Chatzis, Andrew; Contrafouris, Constantinos; Sofianidou, Ioanna A.; Lioulias, Achilleas G.

    2014-01-01

    A coronary artery fistula was surgically ligated in a 38-year-old woman via a left anterior mini-thoracotomy without the use of cardiopulmonary bypass. In selected cases, this surgical approach can provide an excellent surgical exposure for coronary artery fistula ligation. It also offers an excellent cosmetic result and shorter hospital stay. PMID:25551078

  8. Ophthalmoplegia in carotid cavernous sinus fistula

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. J. Leonard; I. F. Moseley; M. D. Sanders

    1984-01-01

    The aetiology of ophthalmoplegia in 15 patients with carotid-cavernous sinus fistula is discussed, and the clinical findings are correlated with angiographic and orbital CT appearances. After closure of the fistula the majority of patients with generalised ophthalmoplegia recovered full ocular movements rapidly, while patients with an isolated abduction weakness required much longer to return to normal. Orbital CT studies showed

  9. Intracerebral hemorrhage in carotid-cavernous fistula

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. Hiramatsu; S. Utsumi; K. Kyoi; T. Sakaki; T. Tada; S. Iwasaki; K. Kichikawa

    1991-01-01

    This report describes a case of traumatic carotid-carvernous fistula which presented as an intracerebral hemorrhage. The usual ocular signs were absent due to an atypical drainage pattern from the cavernous sinus. Engorgement of the deep venous system of the brain due to the carotid-cavernous fistula was thought to have caused the intracerebral hemorrhage.

  10. Duodenocaval fistula: case report and literature review

    SciTech Connect

    Rheudasil, J.M.; Chuang, V.P.; Amerson, J.R.

    1988-03-01

    Duodenocaval fistulae are rare but may well be the source of gastrointestinal hemorrhage with associated sepsis in patients undergoing surgery and subsequently receiving radiation to the right upper abdomen. Management of these fistulae may be challenging. Diagnosis usually requires a high index of suspicion, particularly in post irradiated patients.

  11. Supracervical hysterectomy – the vaginal route

    PubMed Central

    Cie?lak, Jaros?aw; Malinowski, Andrzej

    2014-01-01

    Removal of the cervix during hysterectomy is not mandatory. There has been no irrefutable evidence so far that total hysterectomy is more beneficial to patients in terms of pelvic organ function. The procedure that leaves the cervix intact is called a subtotal hysterectomy. Traditional approaches to this surgery include laparoscopic and abdominal routes. Vaginal total hysterectomy has been proven to present many advantages over the other approaches. Therefore, it seems that this route should also be applied in the case of subtotal hysterectomy. We present 9 cases of patients who underwent subtotal hysterectomy performed through the vagina for benign gynecological diseases. PMID:25097688

  12. Physiologic assessment of coronary artery fistula

    SciTech Connect

    Gupta, N.C.; Beauvais, J. (Creighton Univ., Omaha, NE (USA))

    1991-01-01

    Coronary artery fistula is an uncommon clinical entity. The most common coronary artery fistula is from the right coronary artery to the right side of the heart, and it is less frequent to the pulmonary artery. The effect of a coronary artery fistula may be physiologically significant because of the steal phenomenon resulting in coronary ischemia. Based on published reports, it is recommended that patients with congenital coronary artery fistulas be considered candidates for elective surgical correction to prevent complications including development of congestive heart failure, angina, subacute bacterial endocarditis, myocardial infarction, and coronary aneurysm formation with rupture or embolization. A patient is presented in whom treadmill-exercise thallium imaging was effective in determining the degree of coronary steal from a coronary artery fistula, leading to successful corrective surgery.

  13. Uteroenteric Fistula Resulting From Fibroid Expulsion After Uterine Fibroid Embolization: Case Report and Review of the Literature

    SciTech Connect

    Gutierrez, Luis B., E-mail: lbgutier@stanford.edu [Stanford University, School of Medicine (United States); Bansal, Anshuman K., E-mail: abansal@mednet.ucla.edu [University of California at Los Angeles, Department of Radiology (United States); Hovsepian, David M., E-mail: hovsepian@stanford.edu [Stanford University, School of Medicine (United States)

    2012-10-15

    A 44-year-old woman underwent uncomplicated uterine fibroid embolization (UFE) for menstrual and bulk-related symptoms in an enlarged, myomatous uterus. After surgery, she spontaneously sloughed a large mass of fibroids that arrested in the cervical canal during passage. Four days after gynecological extraction, she developed copious vaginal discharge that contained enteric contents. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) demonstrated a fistula between the small bowel and the uterus. She subsequently underwent hysterectomy, left oophorectomy, and small-bowel resection. Her postoperative recovery was uneventful.

  14. [Gastrocolic fistulae of neoplastic origin].

    PubMed

    Braghetto, I; Parada, H; Csendes, A; Ubilla, R

    1984-01-01

    Three cases of gastrocolic fistula secondary to cancer of stomach or transverse colon are presented. The incidence of this complication is very rare, and in the last years (20-30 years ago) the anastomotic peptic ulcer due to gastrojejunostomy has been the most common cause. Recent reports indicate that gastric or transverse colonic carcinoma are the most frequent causes. The predominant symptoms are epigastric pain, loss of weight, diarrhea, and feculent vomiting. The diagnosis is based on clinical, radiological and endoscopic findings. The treatment is based on nutritional support with parenteral and or enteral hyper alimentation and resective surgery, if possible. PMID:6534337

  15. Early results of a novel technique for anterior vaginal wall prolapse repair: anterior vaginal wall darn

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background The aim of this study was to describe the results of a 1-year patient follow-up after anterior vaginal wall darn, a novel technique for the repair of anterior vaginal wall prolapse. Methods Fifty-five patients with anterior vaginal wall prolapse underwent anterior vaginal wall darn. The anterior vaginal wall was detached using sharp and blunt dissection via an incision beginning 1 cm proximal to the external meatus and extending to the vaginal apex. The space between the tissues that attach the lateral vaginal walls to the arcus tendineus fasciae pelvis was then darned. Cough Stress Test, Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification, seven-item Incontinence Impact Questionnaire, and six-item Urogenital Distress Inventory scores were performed 1-year postoperatively to evaluate recovery. Results One-year postoperatively, all patients were satisfied with the results of the procedure. No patient had vaginal mucosal erosion or any other complication. Conclusions One-year postoperative findings for patients in this series indicate that patients with stage II–III anterior vaginal wall prolapse were successfully treated with the anterior vaginal wall darn technique. PMID:24973955

  16. Effect of vaginal or systemic estrogen on dynamics of collagen assembly in the rat vaginal wall.

    PubMed

    Montoya, T Ignacio; Maldonado, P Antonio; Acevedo, Jesus F; Word, R Ann

    2015-02-01

    The objective of this study was to compare the effects of systemic and local estrogen treatment on collagen assembly and biomechanical properties of the vaginal wall. Ovariectomized nulliparous rats were treated with estradiol or conjugated equine estrogens (CEEs) either systemically, vaginal CEE, or vaginal placebo cream for 4 wk. Low-dose local CEE treatment resulted in increased vaginal epithelial thickness and significant vaginal growth without uterine hyperplasia. Furthermore, vaginal wall distensibility increased without compromise of maximal force at failure. Systemic estradiol resulted in modest increases in collagen type I with no change in collagen type III mRNA. Low-dose vaginal treatment, however, resulted in dramatic increases in both collagen subtypes whereas moderate and high dose local therapies were less effective. Consistent with the mRNA results, low-dose vaginal estrogen resulted in increased total and cross-linked collagen content. The inverse relationship between vaginal dose and collagen expression may be explained in part by progressive downregulation of estrogen receptor-alpha mRNA with increasing estrogen dose. We conclude that, in this menopausal rat model, local estrogen treatment increased total and cross-linked collagen content and markedly stimulated collagen mRNA expression in an inverse dose-effect relationship. High-dose vaginal estrogen resulted in downregulation of estrogen receptor-alpha and loss of estrogen-induced increases in vaginal collagen. These results may have important clinical implications regarding the use of local vaginal estrogen therapy and its role as an adjunctive treatment in women with loss of vaginal support. PMID:25537371

  17. Vaginitis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... itching, burning, and pain on the vulva. What causes it? » Last Updated Date: 11/15/2013 Last Reviewed Date: 05/21/2013 Related A-Z Topics Bacterial Vaginosis Contraception and Birth Control Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) ...

  18. Colocutaneous fistula secondary to amoebiasis

    PubMed Central

    Jones, Owain P.; Murphy, John A.; Hamid, Bushra N.; Vimalachandran, Dale

    2010-01-01

    Here we present an interesting and extremely rare case of a 66 year old male who developed a colocutaneous fistula secondary to amoebiasis. The patient presented with an acute history of right lower abdominal pain, weight loss and a palpable mass. A CT scan demonstrated a fluid filled cavity in the right iliac fossa consistent with an appendiceal abscess which was drained under radiological guidance. However, following drainage his symptoms remained requiring open surgical drainage, and a controlled caecostomy was performed due to a small caecal perforation. Despite appropriate conservative therapy he failed to progress, and developed localised sepsis in the right iliac fossa with a colocutaneous fistula, requiring a formal right hemicolectomy. The histological examination confirmed the presence of abundant trophozoites of Entamoeba histolytica. We highlight the fact that in the modern age of immigration and long distance travel, it will become increasingly likely that the so-called ‘tropical’ diseases will present throughout the world. This case also highlights the need to keep an open mind in cases that do not progress as expected, and to react accordingly to any unusual developments. PMID:22096684

  19. Colocutaneous fistula secondary to amoebiasis.

    PubMed

    Jones, Owain P; Murphy, John A; Hamid, Bushra N; Vimalachandran, Dale

    2011-01-01

    Here we present an interesting and extremely rare case of a 66 year old male who developed a colocutaneous fistula secondary to amoebiasis. The patient presented with an acute history of right lower abdominal pain, weight loss and a palpable mass. A CT scan demonstrated a fluid filled cavity in the right iliac fossa consistent with an appendiceal abscess which was drained under radiological guidance. However, following drainage his symptoms remained requiring open surgical drainage, and a controlled caecostomy was performed due to a small caecal perforation. Despite appropriate conservative therapy he failed to progress, and developed localised sepsis in the right iliac fossa with a colocutaneous fistula, requiring a formal right hemicolectomy. The histological examination confirmed the presence of abundant trophozoites of Entamoeba histolytica.We highlight the fact that in the modern age of immigration and long distance travel, it will become increasingly likely that the so-called 'tropical' diseases will present throughout the world. This case also highlights the need to keep an open mind in cases that do not progress as expected, and to react accordingly to any unusual developments. PMID:22096684

  20. Choledochoduodenal fistula: an unusual case of pneumobilia.

    PubMed

    Fedidat, Raphael; Safadi, Wajdi; Waksman, Igor; Hadary, Amram

    2014-01-01

    Pneumobilia is the finding of air in the biliary tree. Most cases are iatrogenic in origin, especially after sphincterotomy and after hepaticojejunostomy or choledochojejunostomy. In patients without such history, the presence of pneumobilia needs further investigation. Most patients are likely to have an enterobiliary fistula. Although patients may be asymptomatic, possible complications include gallstone ileus, Bouveret syndrome or recurrent episodes of cholangitis. We present a case of a 38-year-old man presenting with obstructive jaundice and pneumobilia in whom choledochoduodenal fistula was diagnosed at endoscopic retrograde cholangiography. A description of different types of choledochoduodenal fistulas and management recommendations are also provided. PMID:25312898

  1. [Surgical therapy of anorectal abscesses and fistulas].

    PubMed

    Maskow, G; Kirchner, H

    1989-01-01

    Retrospective analyses were made of 171 of 200 patients on whom operations had been performed for anorectal abscesses and fistulas, between 1981 and 1985. For abscess exposure and deroofing, we tried to perform simultaneous fistulotomy, with no recurrence being recorded from 37 patients treated that way. The major courses of anorectal fistulas proved to be predictible in most cases. Surgical approach and postoperative management are described in some detail. Clinical records were evaluated together with a questionnaire, with particular reference being made to the type of fistula, susceptibility to recurrence, faecal continence as well as length of hospitalisation and certified absence from work. PMID:2588847

  2. Large posterior vaginal cyst in pregnancy.

    PubMed

    Lallar, Meenakshi; Nandal, Rajesh; Sharma, Deepak; Shastri, Sweta

    2015-01-01

    A 20-year-old primigravida presented in labour with a mass protruding from her vagina during uterine contractions. The mass was a large tense cyst measuring 8 × 8 cm arising from the posterior vaginal wall. The cyst was present since puberty but increased in size during pregnancy. It collapsed following aspiration and uneventful vaginal delivery was conducted. Following delivery, the cyst was excised and vaginal wall repaired. On histopathology the cyst was identified as a Müllerian cyst. The patient recovered and remained asymptomatic on follow-up. PMID:25604504

  3. Vaginal rings for delivery of HIV microbicides

    PubMed Central

    Malcolm, R Karl; Fetherston, Susan M; McCoy, Clare F; Boyd, Peter; Major, Ian

    2012-01-01

    Following the successful development of long-acting steroid-releasing vaginal ring devices for the treatment of menopausal symptoms and contraception, there is now considerable interest in applying similar devices to the controlled release of microbicides against HIV. In this review article, the vaginal ring concept is first considered within the wider context of the early advances in controlled-release technology, before describing the various types of ring device available today. The remainder of the article highlights the key developments in HIV microbicide-releasing vaginal rings, with a particular focus on the dapivirine ring that is presently in late-stage clinical testing. PMID:23204872

  4. Angiomyofibroblastoma of the Vaginal Portion

    PubMed Central

    Fatusic, Jasenko; Hudic, Igor; Fatusic, Zlatan; Mustedanagic-Mujanovic, Jasminka

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Angiomyofibroblastoma is a tumor which is consists of two components: blood vessels and stromal cells, with always prominent vascular component. Angiomyofibroblastoma is benign tumor, but in literature is reported a case of recurrence and one case with sarcomatous transformation, which shoved that these tumors may rarely be associated with malignant component. Case report: A 78-year-old multiparous housewife was hospitalized at University Clinical Center because of painless, asymptomatic tumor of vaginal portion (posterior side). Tumor size was 7 millimeters in diameter. Internal genital organs did not present abnormalities. The patient underwent operative removal of the tumor and went to home at some day. At the histological examination the tumor presented as a angiomyofibroblastoma cervices uteri. PMID:25648716

  5. Vaginal indicators of amniotic fluid infection in preterm labor

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jane Hitti; Sharon L Hillier; Kathy J Agnew; Marijane A Krohn; Dale P Reisner; David A Eschenbach

    2001-01-01

    Objective: To determine whether vaginal interleukin-6, interleukin-8, neutrophils, bacterial vaginosis, and selected vaginal bacteria are predictors of amniotic fluid (AF) infection among women in preterm labor.Methods: One hundred ninety-seven afebrile women in preterm labor with intact membranes had vaginal and AF samples collected for Gram stain, culture, and interleukin-8 and interleukin-6 determinations. Vaginal interleukin-6, interleukin-8, neutrophils, and vaginal flora were

  6. CT in the diagnosis of enterovesical fistulae

    SciTech Connect

    Goldman, S.M.; Fishman, E.K.; Gatewood, O.M.B.; Jones, B.; Siegelman, S.S.

    1985-06-01

    Enterovesical fistulae are difficult to demonstrate by conventional radiographic methods. Computed tomography (CT), a sensitive, noninvasive method of documenting the presence of such fistulae, is unique in its ability to outline the extravesical component of the primary disease process. Twenty enterovesical fistulae identified by CT were caused by diverticulitis (nine), carcinoma of the rectosigmoid (two), Crohn disease (three), gynecologic tumors (two), bladder cancer (one), cecal carcinoma (one), prostatic neoplasia (one), and appendiceal abscess (one). The CT findings included intravesical air (90%), passage of orally or rectally administered contrast medium into the bladder (20%), focal bladder-wall thickening (90%), thickening of adjacent bowel wall (85%), and an extraluminal mass that often contained air (75%). CT proved to be an important new method in the diagnosis of enterovesical fistulae.

  7. Vaso-cutaneous fistula after vasectomy.

    PubMed

    Guan, Meng; Dagnone, A Joel; Norman, Richard W

    2003-02-01

    Vaso-cutaneous fistulae occur rarely after vasectomy. We report three cases encountered in our hospital over the last 18 years and recommend technical considerations to avoid this complication. PMID:12625860

  8. 21 CFR 884.3900 - Vaginal stent.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...Identification. A vaginal stent is a device used to enlarge the vagina by stretching, or to support the vagina and to hold a skin graft after reconstructive surgery. (b) Classification. Class II (performance...

  9. 21 CFR 884.3900 - Vaginal stent.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...Identification. A vaginal stent is a device used to enlarge the vagina by stretching, or to support the vagina and to hold a skin graft after reconstructive surgery. (b) Classification. Class II (performance...

  10. 21 CFR 884.3900 - Vaginal stent.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...Identification. A vaginal stent is a device used to enlarge the vagina by stretching, or to support the vagina and to hold a skin graft after reconstructive surgery. (b) Classification. Class II (performance...

  11. Vaginal childbirth and pelvic floor disorders

    PubMed Central

    Memon, Hafsa U; Handa, Victoria L

    2013-01-01

    Childbirth is an important event in a woman’s life. Vaginal childbirth is the most common mode of delivery and it has been associated with increased incidence of pelvic floor disorders later in life. In this article, the authors review and summarize current literature associating pelvic floor disorders with vaginal childbirth. Stress urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse are strongly associated with vaginal childbirth and parity. The exact mechanism of injury associating vaginal delivery with pelvic floor disorders is not known, but is likely multifactorial, potentially including mechanical and neurovascular injury to the pelvic floor. Observational studies have identified certain obstetrical exposures as risk factors for pelvic floor disorders. These factors often coexist in clusters; hence, the isolated effect of these variables on the pelvic floor is difficult to study. PMID:23638782

  12. Pathophysiology of fistula formation in Crohn's disease

    PubMed Central

    Scharl, Michael; Rogler, Gerhard

    2014-01-01

    Fistulae represent an important complication in patient suffering from Crohn’s disease (CD). Cumulative incidence of fistula formation in CD patients is 17%-50% and about one third of patients suffer from recurring fistulae formation. Medical treatment options often fail and also surgery frequently is not successful. Available data indicate that CD-associated fistulae originate from an epithelial defect that may be caused by ongoing inflammation. Having undergone epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT), intestinal epithelial cells (IEC) penetrate into deeper layers of the mucosa and the gut wall causing localized tissue damage formation of a tube like structure and finally a connection to other organs or the body surface. EMT of IEC may be initially aimed to improve wound repair mechanisms since “conventional” wound healing mechanisms, such as migration of fibroblasts, are impaired in CD patients. EMT also enhances activation of matrix remodelling enzymes such as matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-3 and MMP-9 causing further tissue damage and inflammation. Finally, soluble mediators like TNF and interleukin-13 further induce their own expression in an autocrine manner and enhance expression of molecules associated with cell invasiveness aggravating the process. Additionally, pathogen-associated molecular patterns also seem to play a role for induction of EMT and fistula development. Though current knowledge suggests a number of therapeutic options, new and more effective therapeutic approaches are urgently needed for patients suffering from CD-associated fistulae. A better understanding of the pathophysiology of fistula formation, however, is a prerequisite for the development of more efficacious medical anti-fistula treatments. PMID:25133023

  13. Pancreaticopleural fistula: an unusual complication of pancreatitis.

    PubMed

    Francisco, Elsa; Mendes, Miguel; Vale, Sílvio; Ferreira, Joana

    2015-01-01

    Pancreaticopleural fistula is an uncommon complication of pancreatitis. The authors describe a case of a man in his mid-40s with a history of alcohol abuse, who presented with dyspnoea and whose chest X-ray revealed a massive left pleural effusion. Further diagnostic work up revealed a pancreaticopleural fistula. There was no improvement with a conservative approach and endoscopic treatment was not feasible, leading to the need for a surgical intervention. PMID:25678619

  14. Spontaneous arterioenteric fistula after pancreas transplantation.

    PubMed

    Gritsch, H A; Shapiro, R; Egidi, F; Randhawa, P S; Starzl, T E; Corry, R J

    1997-03-27

    Chronic pancreas transplant rejection with enteric exocrine drainage can lead to significant long-term complications. We report a case of a 47-year-old male insulin-dependent diabetic who survived the complications of peripancreatic abscess, enterocutaneous fistula, and arterioenteric fistula related to pancreas transplantation. To avoid these long-term complications, we now recommend elective removal of nonfunctioning, enterically drained pancreas allografts. PMID:9089233

  15. Vacuum assisted closure system in the management of enterocutaneous fistulae

    PubMed Central

    Cro, C; George, K; Donnelly, J; Irwin, S; Gardiner, K

    2002-01-01

    Methods: The results of using the VAC system were studied in three patients with moderate or high volume output enterocutaneous fistulae where conventional treatment had failed to prevent skin excoriation. Results: The VAC system was found to be highly effective in controlling fistula effluent and in promoting healing of excoriated skin in all three patients. Complete healing of the fistula was also achieved in two of the three patients. Conclusion: The VAC system can be an effective and economically viable method of containing fistula effluent and protecting the skin of patients with enterocutaneous fistulae. Contrary to conventional thought, the VAC system may also actually promote healing of the fistula. PMID:12151694

  16. [The surgical treatment of congenital preauricular fistula].

    PubMed

    Bobrov, V M

    2012-01-01

    The present paper describes the newly developed classification of congenital parotid fistulas that distinguishes between 4 forms of these entities depending on the shape and the size of the canal. A total of 61 patients at the age from 7 to 80 years presenting with congenital parotid fistulas were available for the observation during the period from 1985 to 2011. Twenty seven (44.2%) patients underwent surgery for the excision of congenital parotid fistulas under local anesthesia. A 7-year old child and a 17-year old girl were treated by the same method using intravenous calypsol narcosis. The patients having forms 1 and 2 of congenital parotid fistulas did not apply for medical aid. Forms 3 and 4 of this pathology manifest themselves in the early childhood; they are frequently associated with inflammation and recurrence as well as the development of abscesses. It was shown that only the complete removal of congenital parotid fistula prevents its inflammation and suppuration. The hereditary nature of congenital parotid fistula was documented in 23 (37.7%) of the patients included in the present study. PMID:23250530

  17. Anorectal conditions: anal fissure and anorectal fistula.

    PubMed

    Fox, Audralan; Tietze, Pamela H; Ramakrishnan, Kalyanakrishnan

    2014-04-01

    Anal fissures are linear splits in the anal mucosa. Acute fissures typically resolve within a few weeks; chronic fissures persist longer than 8 to 12 weeks. Most fissures are posterior and midline and are related to constipation or anal trauma. Painful defecation and rectal bleeding are common symptoms. The diagnosis typically is clinical. High-fiber diet, stool softeners, and medicated ointments relieve symptoms and speed healing of acute fissures but offer limited benefit in chronic fissures. Lateral internal sphincterotomy is the surgical management of choice for chronic and refractory acute fissures. Anorectal fistula is an abnormal tract connecting the anorectal mucosa to the exterior skin. Fistulas typically develop after rupture or drainage of a perianal abscess. Fistulas are classified as simple or complex; low or high; and intersphincteric, transsphincteric, suprasphincteric, or extrasphincteric. Inspection of the perianal area identifies the skin opening, and anoscopy visualizes internal openings. The goal of management is to obliterate the tract and openings with negligible sphincter disruption to minimize incontinence. Fistulotomy is effective for simple fistulas; patients with complex fistulas may require fistulectomy. Other procedures that are used include injection of fibrin glue or insertion of a bioprosthetic plug into the fistula opening. PMID:24742084

  18. Hemodynamic Simulations in Dialysis Access Fistulae

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McGah, Patrick; Leotta, Daniel; Beach, Kirk; Riley, James; Aliseda, Alberto

    2010-11-01

    Arteriovenous fistulae are created surgically to provide adequate access for dialysis in patients with End-Stage Renal Disease. It has long been hypothesized that the hemodynamic and mechanical forces (such as wall shear stress, wall stretch, or flow- induced wall vibrations) constitute the primary external influence on the remodeling process. Given that nearly 50% of fistulae fail after one year, understanding fistulae hemodynamics is an important step toward improving patency in the clinic. We perform numerical simulations of the flow in patient-specific models of AV fistulae reconstructed from 3D ultrasound scans with physiologically-realistic boundary conditions also obtained from Doppler ultrasound. Comparison of the flow features in different geometries and configurations e.g. end-to-side vs. side-to-side, with the in vivo longitudinal outcomes will allow us to hypothesize which flow conditions are conducive to fistulae success or failure. The flow inertia and pulsatility in the simulations (mean Re 700, max Re 2000, Wo 4) give rise to complex secondary flows and coherent vortices, further complicating the spatio- temporal variability of the wall pressure and shear stresses. Even in mature fistulae, the anastomotic regions are subjected to non-physiological shear stresses (>10.12pcPa) which may potentially lead to complications.

  19. Fistula

    MedlinePLUS

    ... arteriovenous (in a lung, the pulmonary artery and vein are connected, allowing the blood to bypass the oxygenation process in the lung) Umbilical (connection between the navel and gut) Types of ...

  20. Adherence of Human Vaginal Lactobacilli to Vaginal Epithelial Cells and Interaction with Uropathogens

    Microsoft Academic Search

    SOLEDAD BORIS; JUAN E. SUAREZ; FERNANDO VAZQUEZ; COVADONGA BARBES

    1985-01-01

    Three strains of Lactobacillus, identified as Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus gasseri, and Lactobacillus jensenii, were selected from among 70 isolates from the vaginas of healthy premenopausal women for properties relevant to mucosal colonization or antagonism. All three self-aggregated and adhered to epithelial vaginal cells, displacing well-known vaginal pathogens, such as G. vaginalis, and inhibiting the growth in vitro of Escherichia coli

  1. EMAS clinical guide: low-dose vaginal estrogens for postmenopausal vaginal atrophy.

    PubMed

    Rees, Margaret; Pérez-López, Faustino R; Ceasu, Iuliana; Depypere, Herman; Erel, Tamer; Lambrinoudaki, Irene; Schenck-Gustafsson, Karin; Simoncini, Tommaso; van der Schouw, Yvonne; Tremollieres, Florence

    2012-10-01

    Vaginal atrophy is common in postmenopausal women. This clinical guide provides the evidence for the clinical use of vaginal estrogens for this condition focussing on publications since the 2006 Cochrane systematic review. Use after breast cancer, before assessment of cervical cytology and prolapse surgery is also discussed. PMID:22818886

  2. Semaphorin 4D induces vaginal epithelial cell apoptosis to control mouse postnatal vaginal tissue remodeling.

    PubMed

    Ito, Takuji; Bai, Tao; Tanaka, Tetsuji; Yoshida, Kenji; Ueyama, Takashi; Miyajima, Masayasu; Negishi, Takayuki; Kawasaki, Takahiko; Takamatsu, Hyota; Kikutani, Hitoshi; Kumanogoh, Atsushi; Yukawa, Kazunori

    2015-02-01

    The opening of the mouse vaginal cavity to the skin is a postnatal tissue remodeling process that occurs at approximately five weeks of age for the completion of female genital tract maturation at puberty. The tissue remodeling process is primarily composed of a hormonally triggered apoptotic process predominantly occurring in the epithelium of the distal section of the vaginal cavity. However, the detailed mechanism underlying the apoptotic induction remains to be elucidated. In the present study, it was observed that the majority of BALB/c mice lacking the class 4 semaphorin, semaphorin 4D (Sema4D), developed imperforate vagina and hydrometrocolpos resulting in a perpetually unopened vaginal cavity regardless of a normal estrogen level comparable with that in wild?type (WT) mice. Administration of ??estradiol to infant Sema4D?deficient (Sema4D?/?) mice did not induce precocious vaginal opening, which was observed in WT mice subjected to the same ??estradiol administration, excluding the possibility that the closed vaginal phenotype was due to insufficient estrogen secretion at the time of vaginal opening. In order to assess the role of Sema4D in the postnatal vaginal tissue remodeling process, the expression of Sema4D and its receptor, plexin?B1, was examined as well as the level of apoptosis in the vaginal epithelia of five?week?old WT and Sema4D?/? mice. Immunohistochemical analyses confirmed the localization of Sema4D and plexin?B1 in the mouse vaginal epithelia. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling assay and immunohistochemistry detecting activated caspase?3 revealed significantly fewer apoptotic cells in situ in the vaginal mucosa of five?week?old Sema4D?/? mice compared with WT mice. The addition of recombinant Sema4D to Sema4D?/? vaginal epithelial cells in culture significantly enhanced apoptosis of the vaginal epithelial cells, demonstrating the apoptosis?inducing activity of Sema4D. The experimental reduction of plexin?B1 expression in vaginal epithelial cells demonstrated the integral role of plexin?B1 in Sema4D?induced apoptotic cell death. These results suggest a non?redundant role of Sema4D in the postnatal tissue remodeling process in five?week?old BALB/c mice, which involves the induction of vaginal epithelial cell apoptosis through Sema4D binding to plexin?B1. PMID:25351707

  3. Endovascular treatment of a tentorial dural arteriovenous fistula.

    PubMed

    Choudhri, Omar; Marks, Michael P

    2014-07-01

    Tentorial dural arteriovenous fistulae are rare intracranial fistulae, in which the fistula pocket is present within the leaves of tentorium cerebelli. These tentorial fistulae can be rarely present near the galenic complex, where they can engorge the deep venous system and cause symptoms of venous hypertension. We present an interesting case of endovascular treatment of a galenic tentorial dural arteriovenous fistula in a patient with headaches and imbalance. The fistula was accessed through the artery of Davidoff and Schecter from the posterior cerebral artery supplying the fistula. The fistula was completely embolized using Onyx and with preservation of vein of Galen. The video can be found here: http://youtu.be/igX2X5tfvrg . PMID:24983732

  4. Modified prosthesis for the treatment of malignant esophagotracheal fistula

    SciTech Connect

    Buess, G.; Schellong, H.; Kometz, B.; Gruessner, R.J.; Junginger, T.

    1988-04-15

    Esophagotracheal fistula is usually a sequela of irradiation or laser treatment of advanced carcinoma of the esophagus or the tracheobronchial tree. Resection of the tumor in these cases is not possible, and palliative bypass surgery is highly risky. The peroral placement of a prosthesis is less invasive, but conventional prostheses often fail to occlude the fistula. The authors regularly use an endoscopic multiple-diameter bougie for dilation. After dilation, a specially designed prosthesis is pushed through the tumor stenosis to block the fistula. This procedure can be done without general anesthesia. The funnels of conventional prostheses cannot cover the fistula when there is either a wide, proximal esophagus above the fistula or a high fistula. To cope with this particular situation, a special fistula funnel was developed. It perfectly occludes the fistulas in all patients. Of 21 patients, 19 were discharged without further aspiration.

  5. Scintimaging of bronchopleural fistula. A simple method of diagnosis

    SciTech Connect

    Lowe, R.E.; Siddiqui, A.R.

    1984-01-01

    A bronchopleural fistula in a patient with empyema was demonstrated by xenon-133 ventilation lung scanning. Because of its ease and simplicity, the ventilation study should be one of the first diagnostic tests performed when bronchopleural fistula is suspected.

  6. Imaging diagnosis of dural and direct cavernous carotid fistulae*

    PubMed Central

    dos Santos, Daniela; Monsignore, Lucas Moretti; Nakiri, Guilherme Seizem; Cruz, Antonio Augusto Velasco e; Colli, Benedicto Oscar; Abud, Daniel Giansante

    2014-01-01

    Arteriovenous fistulae of the cavernous sinus are rare and difficult to diagnose. They are classified into dural cavernous sinus fistulae or direct carotid-cavernous fistulae. Despite the similarity of symptoms between both types, a precise diagnosis is essential since the treatment is specific for each type of fistula. Imaging findings are remarkably similar in both dural cavernous sinus fistulae and carotid-cavernous fistulae, but it is possible to differentiate one type from the other. Amongst the available imaging methods (Doppler ultrasonography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and digital subtraction angiography), angiography is considered the gold standard for the diagnosis and classification of cavernous sinus arteriovenous fistulae. The present essay is aimed at didactically presenting the classification and imaging findings of cavernous sinus arteriovenous fistulae. PMID:25741093

  7. Imaging diagnosis of dural and direct cavernous carotid fistulae.

    PubMed

    Dos Santos, Daniela; Monsignore, Lucas Moretti; Nakiri, Guilherme Seizem; Cruz, Antonio Augusto Velasco E; Colli, Benedicto Oscar; Abud, Daniel Giansante

    2014-01-01

    Arteriovenous fistulae of the cavernous sinus are rare and difficult to diagnose. They are classified into dural cavernous sinus fistulae or direct carotid-cavernous fistulae. Despite the similarity of symptoms between both types, a precise diagnosis is essential since the treatment is specific for each type of fistula. Imaging findings are remarkably similar in both dural cavernous sinus fistulae and carotid-cavernous fistulae, but it is possible to differentiate one type from the other. Amongst the available imaging methods (Doppler ultrasonography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and digital subtraction angiography), angiography is considered the gold standard for the diagnosis and classification of cavernous sinus arteriovenous fistulae. The present essay is aimed at didactically presenting the classification and imaging findings of cavernous sinus arteriovenous fistulae. PMID:25741093

  8. Endovascular Management of Acute Bleeding Arterioenteric Fistulas

    SciTech Connect

    Leonhardt, Henrik [Sahlgrenska University Hospital S, Department of Radiology (Sweden)], E-mail: henrik.leonhardt@vgregion.se; Mellander, Stefan [Sahlgrenska University Hospital S, Department of Vascular Surgery (Sweden); Snygg, Johan [Sahlgrenska University Hospital S, Department of Anesthesiology (Sweden); Loenn, Lars [Sahlgrenska University Hospital S, Department of Radiology (Sweden)

    2008-05-15

    The objective of this study was to review the outcome of endovascular transcatheter repair of emergent arterioenteric fistulas. Cases of abdominal arterioenteric fistulas (defined as a fistula between a major artery and the small intestine or colon, thus not the esophagus or stomach), diagnosed over the 3-year period between December 2002 and December 2005 at our institution, were retrospectively reviewed. Five patients with severe enteric bleeding underwent angiography and endovascular repair. Four presented primary arterioenteric fistulas, and one presented a secondary aortoenteric fistula. All had massive persistent bleeding with hypotension despite volume substitution and transfusion by the time of endovascular management. Outcome after treatment of these patients was investigated for major procedure-related complications, recurrence, reintervention, morbidity, and mortality. Mean follow-up time was 3 months (range, 1-6 months). All massive bleeding was controlled by occlusive balloon catheters. Four fistulas were successfully sealed with stent-grafts, resulting in a technical success rate of 80%. One patient was circulatory stabilized by endovascular management but needed immediate further open surgery. There were no procedure-related major complications. Mean hospital stay after the initial endovascular intervention was 19 days. Rebleeding occurred in four patients (80%) after a free interval of 2 weeks or longer. During the follow-up period three patients needed reintervention. The in-hospital mortality was 20% and the 30-day mortality was 40%. The midterm outcome was poor, due to comorbidities or rebleeding, with a mortality of 80% within 6 months. In conclusion, endovascular repair is an efficient and safe method to stabilize patients with life-threatening bleeding arterioenteric fistulas in the emergent episode. However, in this group of patients with severe comorbidities, the risk of rebleeding is high and further intervention must be considered. Patients with cancer may only need treatment for the acute bleeding episode, and an endovascular approach has the advantage of low morbidity.

  9. The mouse aortocaval fistula recapitulates human arteriovenous fistula maturation

    PubMed Central

    Yamamoto, Kota; Protack, Clinton D.; Tsuneki, Masayuki; Hall, Michael R.; Wong, Daniel J.; Lu, Daniel Y.; Assi, Roland; Williams, Willis T.; Sadaghianloo, Nirvana; Bai, Hualong; Miyata, Tetsuro; Madri, Joseph A.

    2013-01-01

    Several models of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) have excellent patency and help in understanding the mechanisms of venous adaptation to the arterial environment. However, these models fail to exhibit either maturation failure or fail to develop stenoses, both of which are critical modes of AVF failure in human patients. We used high-resolution Doppler ultrasound to serially follow mice with AVFs created by direct 25-gauge needle puncture. By day 21, 75% of AVFs dilate, thicken, and increase flow, i.e., mature, and 25% fail due to immediate thrombosis or maturation failure. Mature AVF thicken due to increased amounts of smooth muscle cells. By day 42, 67% of mature AVFs remain patent, but 33% of AVFs fail due to perianastomotic thickening. These results show that the mouse aortocaval model has an easily detectable maturation phase in the first 21 days followed by a potential failure phase in the subsequent 21 days. This model is the first animal model of AVF to show a course that recapitulates aspects of human AVF maturation. PMID:24097429

  10. Effects of arteriovenous fistulas on cardiac oxygen supply and demand

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Willem Jan W. Bos; Robert Zietse; Karel H. Wesseling; Nico Westerhof

    1999-01-01

    Effects of arteriovenous fistulas on cardiac oxygen supply and demand.BackgroundArteriovenous (AV) fistulas used for hemodialysis access may affect cardiac load by increasing the preload while decreasing the afterload. In dogs, AV fistulas have also been shown to affect coronary perfusion negatively. We investigated the net effect of AV fistulas on cardiac oxygen supply and demand.MethodsAortic pressure waves were reconstructed from

  11. Treatment of Ureteroarterial Fistulae with Covered Vascular Endoprostheses and Ureteral Occlusion

    SciTech Connect

    Bilbao, Jose I., E-mail: jibilbao@unav.es; Cosin, Octavio; Bastarrika, Gorka [Clinica Universitaria de Navarra, Universidad de Navarra, Department of Radiology (Spain); Rosell, David; Zudaire, Javier [Clinica Universitaria de Navarra, Universidad de Navarra, Department of Urology (Spain); Martinez-Cuesta, Antonio [Clinica Universitaria de Navarra, Universidad de Navarra, Department of Radiology (Spain)

    2005-04-15

    Background. Ureteroarterial fistulae (UAFs) are a rare entity, often difficult to identify, and associated with a high mortality rate. This fact has been attributed to a delay in diagnosis and treatment. Five conditions that can predispose to the development of this uncommon entity have been described: prior pelvic surgery, prolonged ureteral stenting, radiation therapy, previous vascular surgery and vascular pathology. Methods. We present 4 patients with UAFs and at least three of the above-mentioned conditions. Ureteral ischemia and subsequent necrosis promote the formation of these fistulae. The constant pulsation of the iliac artery is transmitted to an already compromised ureter containing a stiff intraluminal foreign body, resulting in pressure necrosis, most likely where the ureter crosses the iliac artery. Results and Conclusion. Cases were managed percutaneously with a combination of the deployment of a covered prosthesis and, when needed, with mechanical occlusion of the ureter. Hematuria stopped in all the patients with no evidence of immediate rebleeding. One patient presented a new episode of vaginal bleeding 13 months after endograft placement and ureteral embolization. Arteriography showed the presence of a hypogastric artery pseudoaneurysm that was occluded using coils. No new bleeding has occurred in this patient 12 months after the second embolization. At present all 4 patients are alive with follow-up periods of 5, 9, 11 and 25 months since the first procedure.

  12. Pulmonary arteriovenous fistula in a patient with renal cell carcinoma

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Kopetz; C. Jimenez; S. M. Tu; P. Sharma

    2007-01-01

    Arteriovenous (AV) fistulas are common in renal cell carcinoma. These are usually small and asymptomatic. Case reports have previously described symptomatic fistulas in primary renal cell tumour or, less commonly, bone metastases. The current study describes a patient with lung metastases from renal cell carcinoma who developed a symptomatic pulmonary AV fistula. The patient presented with debilitating progressive shortness of

  13. Iatrogenic Portobiliary Fistula Treated by Stent-Graft Placement

    SciTech Connect

    Lorenz, Jonathan M.; Zangan, Steven M., E-mail: szangan@radiology.bsd.uchicago.edu; Leef, Jeffrey A.; Ha, Thuong G. Van [University of Chicago Medical Center, Department of Radiology (United States)

    2010-04-15

    Stent-graft exclusion of an ischemic, hilar portobiliary fistula after liver transplantation has not been reported. Isolated reports have described peripheral or nonischemic fistulas, and alternative treatment options have ranged from balloon tamponade to surgical repair. We present a unique case of a hilar portobiliary fistula successfully treated to resolution by unilateral placement of a stent-graft.

  14. Rectovaginal fistula: management by intravenous feeding and surgical repair.

    PubMed

    Piraka, H; Parsa, M H; Jahanmiri, F

    Two patients, each with a large rectovaginal fistula, were managed successfully by intravenous feeding and surgical repair of their fistulae. Intravenous feeding eliminated the need for food from the gastrointestinal tract, thus minimizing the fecal flow. Both fistulae healed following surgical repair. Neither patient required a diverting colostomy. PMID:32102

  15. A comprehensive review of vaginitis phytotherapy.

    PubMed

    Azimi, Hanieh; Fallah-Tafti, Mehrnaz; Karimi-Darmiyan, Maliheh; Abdollahi, Mohammad

    2011-11-01

    To overview phytotherapy of vaginitis in order to identify new approaches for new pharmacological treatments. All related literature databases were searched for herbal medicinal treatment in vaginitis. The search terms were plant, herb, herbal therapy, phytotherapy, vaginitis, vaginal, anti-candida, anti-bacterial and anti-trichomonas. All of the human, animal and in vitro studies were included. Anti-candida, anti-bacterial and anti-trichomonas effects were the key outcomes. The plants including carvacrol, 1,8-cineole, geranial, germacrene-D, limonene, linalool, menthol, terpinen-4-ol and thymol exhibited anti-candida effects. A very low concentration of geranium oil and geraniol blocked mycelial growth, but not yeast. Tea tree oil including terpinen-4-ol, alpha-terpinene, gamma-terpinene and alpha-terpineol showed anti-bacterial, anti-fungal and anti-protozoal properties against trichomonas. Allium hirtifolium (persian shallot) comparable to metronidazole exhibited anti-trichomonas activity due to its components such as allicin, ajoene and other organosulfides. The plants having beneficial effects on vaginitis encompass essential oils that clear the pathway that future studies should be focused to standardize theses herbs. PMID:22514885

  16. Lacrimal Gland Fistula following Severe Head Trauma

    PubMed Central

    Demir, Cemil; Toprak, Ibrahim; Gungen, Sukru; Arslan, Alp

    2015-01-01

    We aim to present a unique case with discharging lacrimal gland fistula secondary to severe head trauma by an animal. A 9-year-old girl presented with serous fluid discharge from a cutaneous fistula in the left orbital region. The patient had history of surgery for traumatic frontal bone fracture and skin laceration in the superior orbital rim three weeks earlier. She underwent a complete ophthalmological examination and there was no anterior segment or fundus pathology. The orifice of the fistula was detected in mediolateral part of the left superior orbital rim and fluid secretion was increasing with irritation of the left eye. Neurosurgical complications were excluded and radiological assessment was nonremarkable. The patient's legal representatives were informed and lacrimal gland fistulectomy was planned. However, the fistula was self-closed one week after initial ophthalmological examination, and the patient had no symptoms. In conclusion, traumatic injuries of superior orbital region should be carefully evaluated and wounds should be well closed to prevent consecutive lacrimal gland fistula.

  17. Administration of oral and vaginal prebiotic lactoferrin for a woman with a refractory vaginitis recurring preterm delivery: appearance of lactobacillus in vaginal flora followed by term delivery.

    PubMed

    Otsuki, Katsufumi; Tokunaka, Mayumi; Oba, Tomohiro; Nakamura, Masamitsu; Shirato, Nahoko; Okai, Takashi

    2014-02-01

    Lactoferrin (LF) is one of the prebiotics present in the human body. A 38-year-old multiparous woman with poor obstetrical histories, three consecutive preterm premature rupture of membrane at the 19th, 23rd and 25th week of pregnancy, was referred to our hospital. She was diagnosed as having refractory vaginitis. Although estriol vaginal tablets were used for 4 months, the vaginitis was not cured. We administrated vaginal tablets and oral agents of prebiotic LF, resulting in a Lactobacillus predominant vaginal flora. When she was pregnant, she continued to use the LF, and the Lactobacillus in the vaginal flora was continuously observed during pregnancy. An elective cesarean section was performed at the 38th week of pregnancy. When the administration of LF was discontinued after the delivery, Lactobacillus in the vaginal flora was disappeared. PMID:24118573

  18. What Should You Ask Your Doctor about Vaginal Cancer?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... for vaginal cancer? What should you ask your doctor about vaginal cancer? It’s important to have honest, ... cancer care team. Keep in mind, too, that doctors are not the only ones who can provide ...

  19. Vaginitis: How Many Women Are Affected/at Risk?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... and Publications How many women are affected/at risk? Skip sharing on social media links Share this: ... trichomoniasis. Who gets vaginitis and who is at risk? Vaginitis affects women of all ages, races, and ...

  20. Necrotizing ruptured vaginal leiomyoma mimicking a malignant neoplasm

    PubMed Central

    Sim, Chae Hee; Lee, Jin Hee; Kwak, Jyung Sik

    2014-01-01

    Leiomyomas are common benign uterine tumors. However, the incidence of vaginal myoma is very rare and may be confused with a variety of vaginal tumors. We report a case of 43-year-old nulligravida who presented with a protruding painful vaginal mass for 7 days. The mass had initially appeared 3 years prior, as 2 to 3 cm that had not subsequently increased. However suddenly, there was rapid severe enlargement over the course of 7 days. Physical exam revealed a monstrous shaped, black color with focal necrosis, odorous protruding vaginal mass about 7 cm in size. The vaginal mass was infected and degenerated. And vaginal wall was also destroyed by the enlarged mass. Because of the clinical features and radiologic findings, the preoperative diagnosis was a vaginal malignancy. We reported an extremely rare case of vaginal myoma that had several characteristics of malignancy, with a brief review of the literature. PMID:25469351

  1. [Vaginal sonography versus vaginal palpation: initial experiences in 120 pregnant patients with suspected cervix insufficiency].

    PubMed

    Böhmer, S; Degenhardt, F; Gerlach, C; Jagla, K; Schneider, J

    1989-01-01

    In a clinical study a group of pregnant women with suspected cervical incompetence was examined by vaginal sonography. Aim of the investigation was to compare results of performed vaginal palpation with results of sonography. 120 pregnant women with cervical insufficiency between 16th and 33rd week of gestation were examined by a 5-MHz vaginal sectorscanner probe. After focussing sagittal projection of uterine cervix and lower uterine segment the cervical length and opening of the internal os were assessed prior to cerclage. Postoperative vaginal sonography was performed to ascertain lengthening and stabilization of the incompetent cervix. Another group of 50 pregnant women with unsuspicious obstetrical findings were also examined to gain information about normal sonographical morphology and length of the competent uterine cervix. Comparing results of vaginal palpation and vaginal sonography showed, that the cervical length obtained by sonography was constantly higher in all patients than the results obtained by palpation. This difference became more distinct in the group of patients with extreme cervical incompetence. We are of the opinion that vaginal sonography is an objective method revealing the extent of cervical incompetence. Exact measurement of the cervical length and assessment of the internal os are efficient diagnostic criteria. They complete results of cervical palpation and offer precise information concerning an intended cerclage. In case of suspected cervical incompetence continuous sonographical examination can supervise the development of the uterine cervix during pregnancy. In future the number of prophylactic cerclage-operations perhaps decreases by using the technique of transvaginal sonography. PMID:2669397

  2. A Novel Technique for Anterior Vaginal Wall Prolapse Repair: Anterior Vaginal Wall Darn

    PubMed Central

    Köse, Osman; Sa?lam, Hasan S.; Kumsar, ?ükrü; Budak, Salih; Adsan, Öztu?

    2013-01-01

    Aim. The aim of this study is to introduce a new technique, anterior vaginal wall darn (AVWD), which has not been used before to repair the anterior vaginal wall prolapse, a common problem among women. Materials and Methods. Forty-five women suffering from anterior vaginal wall prolapse were operated on with a new technique. The anterior vaginal wall was detached by sharp and blunt dissection via an incision beginning from the 1?cm proximal aspect of the external meatus extending to the vaginal apex, and the space between the tissues that attach the lateral walls of the vagina to the arcus tendineus fascia pelvis (ATFP) was then darned. Preoperation and early postoperation evaluations of the patients were conducted and summarized. Results. Data were collected six months after operation. Cough stress test (CST), Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q) evaluation, Incontinence Impact Questionnaire (IIQ-7), and Urogenital Distress Inventory (UDI-6) scores indicated recovery. According to the early postoperation results, all patients were satisfied with the operation. No vaginal mucosal erosion or any other complications were detected. Conclusion. In this initial series, our short-term results suggested that patients with grade II-III anterior vaginal wall prolapsus might be treated successfully with the AVWD method. PMID:23476121

  3. Biofilm formation by vaginal Lactobacillus in vivo.

    PubMed

    Ventolini, G; Mitchell, E; Salazar, M

    2015-05-01

    Biofilm formation by nonpathogenic bacteria is responsible for their stable maintenance in vivo ecosystems as it promotes long-term permanence on the host's vaginal mucosa. Biofilm formation by Lactobacilli has been reported in vitro but not in vivo. We hypothesize the presence of biofilm formation in vivo could be also documented by microscope photographs (MP) of wet mounts obtained from uninfected vaginal samples satisfying rigorous scientific identification criteria. We analyzed 400 MP from our database, and we were able to determine that 12 MP from 6 different patients contained clues of the formation of biofilm by Lactobacilli. The most probable lactobacillus involved is presumed to be Lactobacillus jensenii. The documentation of biofilm formation by vaginal Lactobacilli at fresh wet mount preparation is significant and has several important clinical preventive and therapeutic implications. PMID:25725906

  4. Colouterine fistula after polymyomectomy: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Colouterine fistula is a very rare condition; most cases described in the literature are secondary to complications of diverticulitis in elderly patients. Case presentation We report the case of a 34-year-old African woman who presented with a colouterine fistula secondary to polymyomectomy, which was diagnosed in the setting of severe endometritis. She had a Hartmann procedure and abundant irrigation of her abdominal and uterine cavities followed by placement of a double drainage in order to preserve fertility. This is the first case of a conservative management of the uterus in such conditions. Conclusion Conservative surgery in colouterine fistula should be discussed as an alternative to hysterectomy in young infertile women. PMID:24942344

  5. Enterovesical Fistula Caused by a Toothpick

    PubMed Central

    Tombolini, Flavia; Lacetera, Vito; Muzzonigro, Giovanni

    2015-01-01

    We present a case of enterovesical fistula caused by an accidental ingestion of a foreign body. A 23-year-old man presented to our hospital with pneumaturia, fecaluria, and abdominal pain but no recent possible causes of enterovesical fistula at anamnesis. Cystoscopy, cystography, and also colonoscopy were not able to detect the fistulous tract. Computer tomography (CT) revealed a fistula between bladder and bowels caused by a toothpick accidentally swallowed 2 years earlier. We tried to remove the foreign body endoscopically by cystoscopy and colonoscopy but with no success. The failure of endoscopic procedures required a surgical treatment. The patient underwent laparoscopic segmental resection of the sigmoid colon to remove the fistulous tract and the foreign body. The cystography revealed no external leakage of contrast from the bladder with complete resolution of the problem.

  6. The preterm prediction study: Significance of vaginal infections

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul J. Meis; Robert L. Goldenberg; Brian Mercer; Atef Moawad; Anita Das; Donald McNellis; Francee Johnson; Jay D. Iams; Elizabeth Thom; William W. Andrews

    1995-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to evaluate the association of bacterial vaginosis, trichomonas vaginitis, and monilial vaginitis with spontaneous preterm birth at<35 weeks 0 days.STUDY DESIGN: A total of 2929 women at 10 centers were studied at 24 and 28 weeks' gestation by Gram stain of vaginal smear, wet mount, and 10% potassium hydroxide preparations to detect vaginal infections.RESULTS: The rates

  7. Anaerobes and Gardnerella vaginalis in non-specific vaginitis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L V Hill

    1985-01-01

    Clinical evidence of bacterial vaginosis was present in 25 (35%) of 72 patients attending a London venereology clinic and correlated significantly with abnormal organic acids in vaginal secretions (24\\/25), with Gardnerella vaginalis on culture (17\\/25), with complaints of vaginal malodour (15\\/25), and with a relative scarcity of white blood cells in vaginal secretions. Anaerobic vaginal flora were presumptively identified by

  8. Pregnancy's Stronghold on the Vaginal Microbiome

    PubMed Central

    Walther-António, Marina R. S.; Jeraldo, Patricio; Berg Miller, Margret E.; Yeoman, Carl J.; Nelson, Karen E.; Wilson, Brenda A.; White, Bryan A.; Chia, Nicholas; Creedon, Douglas J.

    2014-01-01

    Objective To assess the vaginal microbiome throughout full-term uncomplicated pregnancy. Methods Vaginal swabs were obtained from twelve pregnant women at 8-week intervals throughout their uncomplicated pregnancies. Patients with symptoms of vaginal infection or with recent antibiotic use were excluded. Swabs were obtained from the posterior fornix and cervix at 8–12, 17–21, 27–31, and 36–38 weeks of gestation. The microbial community was profiled using hypervariable tag sequencing of the V3–V5 region of the 16S rRNA gene, producing approximately 8 million reads on the Illumina MiSeq. Results Samples were dominated by a single genus, Lactobacillus, and exhibited low species diversity. For a majority of the patients (n?=?8), the vaginal microbiome was dominated by Lactobacillus crispatus throughout pregnancy. Two patients showed Lactobacillus iners dominance during the course of pregnancy, and two showed a shift between the first and second trimester from L. crispatus to L. iners dominance. In all of the samples only these two species were identified, and were found at an abundance of higher than 1% in this study. Comparative analyses also showed that the vaginal microbiome during pregnancy is characterized by a marked dominance of Lactobacillus species in both Caucasian and African-American subjects. In addition, our Caucasian subject population clustered by trimester and progressed towards a common attractor while African-American women clustered by subject instead and did not progress towards a common attractor. Conclusion Our analyses indicate normal pregnancy is characterized by a microbiome that has low diversity and high stability. While Lactobacillus species strongly dominate the vaginal environment during pregnancy across the two studied ethnicities, observed differences between the longitudinal dynamics of the analyzed populations may contribute to divergent risk for pregnancy complications. This helps establish a baseline for investigating the role of the microbiome in complications of pregnancy such as preterm labor and preterm delivery. PMID:24896831

  9. Angioarchitectural Evolution of Clival Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas in Two Patients

    PubMed Central

    Pouw, Andrew E.; Rabin, Richard L.; Karanjia, Rustum; Bababeygy, Simon R.; Amar, Arun P.; Sadun, Alfredo A.

    2015-01-01

    Dural arteriovenous fistulas (dAVFs) may present in a variety of ways, including as carotid-cavernous sinus fistulas. The ophthalmologic sequelae of carotid-cavernous sinus fistulas are known and recognizable, but less commonly seen is the rare clival fistula. Clival dAVFs may have a variety of potential anatomical configurations but are defined by the involvement of the venous plexus just overlying the bony clivus. Here we present two cases of clival dAVFs that most likely evolved from carotid-cavernous sinus fistulas.

  10. [HPV contamination of endocavity vaginal ultrasound probes].

    PubMed

    Heard, I; Favre, M

    2015-02-01

    While the use of endovaginal ultrasound probes is increasing, the risk of contamination of women with endocavity vaginal probes was not assessed. In particular, the clinical significance of detection of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, the most common sexually transmitted viral infection, on endovaginal ultrasound probes is uncertain. The recommendations of good practice for decontamination of these probes developed by the High Council for Public Health and the Academy of Medicine have not been evaluated. The objective of this article was to review recent publications concluding to the detection of HPV and human cellular DNA after gynecological examination and disinfection of vaginal ultrasound probes. PMID:24930727

  11. Reviewing the options for local estrogen treatment of vaginal atrophy

    PubMed Central

    Lindahl, Sarah H

    2014-01-01

    Background Vaginal atrophy is a chronic condition with symptoms that include vaginal dryness, pain during sex, itching, irritation, burning, and discharge, as well as various urinary problems. Up to 45% of postmenopausal women may be affected, but it often remains underreported and undertreated. This article aims to review the current recommendations for treatment of vaginal atrophy, and current data on the effectiveness and safety of local vaginal estrogen therapies. Methods Literature regarding vaginal atrophy (2007–2012) was retrieved from PubMed and summarized, with emphasis on data related to the treatment of vaginal atrophy with local vaginal estrogen therapy. Results Published data support the effectiveness and endometrial safety of low-dose local estrogen therapies. These results further support the general recommendation by the North American Menopause Society that a progestogen is not needed for endometrial protection in patients using low-dose local vaginal estrogen. Benefits of long-term therapy for vaginal atrophy include sustained relief of symptoms as well as physiological improvements (eg, decreased vaginal pH and increased blood flow, epithelial thickness, secretions). Conclusion Currently available local vaginal estrogen therapies are well tolerated and effective in relieving symptoms of vaginal atrophy. Recent data support the endometrial safety of low-dose regimens for up to 1 year. PMID:24648775

  12. Correlation of Behaviors with Microbiological Changes in Vaginal Flora

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1999-01-01

    Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is characterized by dramatic changes in the vaginal ecosystem. Women without evidence of vaginal infection may exhibit transient changes in their flora. We prospectively followed up women by using diaries and self-obtained vaginal smears to correlate behaviors with changes in flora. The majority of women (38\\/51, 78%) had significant, although transient, changes. Behaviors associated with unstable flora

  13. Endovascular Management of Posttraumatic Arteriovenous Fistulae

    SciTech Connect

    Koshy, Chiramel George, E-mail: gkchiramel@gmail.com; Keshava, Shyamkumar Nigudala; Surendrababu, Narayanam R. S.; Moses, Vinu [Christian Medical College, Department of Radiology (India); Stephen, Edwin; Agarwal, Sunil [Christian Medical College, Department of General and Vascular Surgery (Unit 2) (India)

    2009-09-15

    Surgery is considered to be the treatment of choice for vascular injuries caused by trauma. However, endovascular techniques are emerging as an alternative means of treatment. In this article, we describe three patients with posttraumatic arteriovenous fistulae in different body regions that were managed using endovascular techniques. Each case had its unique set of associated problems requiring innovative methods and a multidisciplinary approach. While the short-term results are encouraging, long-term follow-up of posttraumatic arteriovenous fistulae that have been treated with endovascular techniques is still required.

  14. Ligation of intersphincteric fistula tract (LIFT) to treat anal fistula: systematic review and meta-analysis.

    PubMed

    Hong, K D; Kang, S; Kalaskar, S; Wexner, S D

    2014-08-01

    Sphincter-preserving approaches to treat anal fistula do not jeopardize continence; however, healing rates are suboptimal. In this context, ligation of the intersphincteric fistula tract (LIFT) can be considered promising offering high success rates and a relatively simple procedure. This review aimed to investigate the outcomes of LIFT to treat anal fistula. We conducted a systematic review of the Pubmed, Web of Science, and Cochrane databases, to retrieve all relevant scientific original articles and scientific abstracts (Web of Science) related to the LIFT procedure for anal fistula between January 2007 and March 2013. The search yielded 24 original articles including 1,110 patients; these included one randomized controlled study, three case control studies, and 20 case series. Most studies included patients with trans-sphincteric or complex fistula, not amenable to fistulotomy. During a pooled mean 10.3 months of follow-up, the mean success, incontinence, intraoperative, and postoperative complication rates were 76.4, 0, 0, and 5.5%, respectively. A sensitivity analysis showed that the impact on success in terms of follow-up duration, study size, and combining other procedures was limited. There was no association between pre-LIFT drainage seton and success of LIFT. Ligation of the intersphincteric fistula tract appears to be an effective and safe treatment for trans-sphincteric or complex anal fistula. Combining other procedures and a pre-LIFT drainage seton does not seem to confer any added benefit in terms of success. However, given the lack of prospective randomized trials, interpretation of these data must be cautious. Further trials are mandatory to identify predictive factors for success, and true effectiveness of the LIFT compared to other sphincter-preserving procedures to treat anal fistula. PMID:24957361

  15. Adherence of Human Vaginal Lactobacilli to Vaginal Epithelial Cells and Interaction with Uropathogens

    PubMed Central

    Boris, Soledad; Suárez, Juan E.; Vázquez, Fernando; Barbés, Covadonga

    1998-01-01

    Three strains of Lactobacillus, identified as Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus gasseri, and Lactobacillus jensenii, were selected from among 70 isolates from the vaginas of healthy premenopausal women for properties relevant to mucosal colonization or antagonism. All three self-aggregated and adhered to epithelial vaginal cells, displacing well-known vaginal pathogens, such as G. vaginalis, and inhibiting the growth in vitro of Escherichia coli and Streptococcus agalactiae. The surface components involved in self-aggregation appeared to be proteins for L. gasseri and lipoproteins for L. acidophilus and L. jensenii, as judged by susceptibility to treatment with appropriate degrading enzymes. The factors responsible for adherence to epithelial vaginal cells seemed to be glycoproteins (L. acidophilus and L. gasseri) and carbohydrate (L. jensenii). The receptors of the vaginal cells were glycolipids, which presumably were the targets of the competition observed between the lactobacilli and the pathogenic microbes. PMID:9573080

  16. Phenotypic and Functional Characterization of Vaginal Dendritic Cells in a Rat Model of Candida albicans Vaginitis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Flavia De Bernardis; Roberta Lucciarini; Maria Boccanera; Consuelo Amantini; Silvia Arancia; Stefania Morrone; Michela Mosca; Antonio Cassone; Giorgio Santoni

    2006-01-01

    This study analyzes the phenotype of vaginal dendritic cells (VDCs), their antigenic presentation and activation of T-cell cytokine secretion, and their protective role in a rat model of Candida vaginitis. Histological observation demonstrated a significant accumulation of OX62 VDCs in the mucosal epithelium of Candida albicans-infected rats at the third round of infection. We identified two subsets of OX62 VDCs

  17. Development and evaluation of acid-buffering bioadhesive vaginal tablet for mixed vaginal infections

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mohd Aftab Alam; Farhan Jalees Ahmad; Zeenat Iqbal Khan; Roop Krishen Khar; Mushir Ali

    2007-01-01

    An acid-buffering bioadhesive vaginal tablet was developed for the treatment of genitourinary tract infections. From the bioadhesion\\u000a experiment and release studies it was found that polycarbophil and sodium carboxymethylcellulose is a good combination for\\u000a an acid-buffering bioadhesive vaginal tablet. Sodium monocitrate was used as a buffering agent to provide acidic pH (4.4),\\u000a which is an attribute of a healthy vagina.

  18. Vaginal Lactobacillus: biofilm formation in vivo – clinical implications

    PubMed Central

    Ventolini, Gary

    2015-01-01

    Vaginal lactobacilli provide protection against intrusive pathogenic bacteria. Some Lactobacillus spp. produce in vitro a thick, protective biofilm. We report in vivo formation of biofilm by vaginal Lactobacillus jensenii. The biofilm formation was captured in fresh wet-mount microscopic samples from asymptomatic patients after treatment for recurrent bacterial vaginitis. In vivo documentation of biofilm formation is in our opinion noteworthy, and has significant clinical implications, among which are the possibility to isolate, grow, and therapeutically utilize lactobacilli to prevent recurrent vaginal infections and preterm labor associated with vaginal microbial pathogens. PMID:25733930

  19. Vaginal mesh erosion after abdominal sacral colpopexy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anthony G. Visco; Alison C. Weidner; Matthew D. Barber; Evan R. Myers; Geoffrey W. Cundiff; Richard C. Bump; W. Allen Addison

    2001-01-01

    Objective: Our goal was to compare the prevalence of vaginal mesh erosion between abdominal sacral colpopexy and various sacral colpoperineopexy procedures. Study Design: We undertook a retrospective analysis of all sacral colpopexies and colpoperineopexies performed between March 1, 1992, and February 28, 1999. The patients were divided into the following 4 groups: abdominal sacral colpopexy, abdominal sacral colpoperineopexy, and 2

  20. Aggressive vaginal angiomyxoma mimicking urethral tumor

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lucio F. Gonzaga; Fernando C. M. Freitas; Jose M. Tavares

    2005-01-01

    This is a case report of a 32-year-old female patient with a neoplasia mimicking a urethral tumor. Following anterior pelvic exanteration, vulvectomy, bilateral inguinal lymphadenectomy, the pathological study established the diagnosis of aggressive vaginal angiomyxoma, CD-34 labeled.

  1. Vaginal Lacerations from Consensual Intercourse in Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frioux, Sarah M.; Blinman, Thane; Christian, Cindy W.

    2011-01-01

    Objective: (1) To describe lacerations of the vaginal fornices, an injury known to be associated with consensual sexual intercourse, including known complications and treatment course, (2) to contrast these injuries with injuries sustained during sexual assault, and (3) to discuss the assessment of adolescent patients for sexual injuries. Methods:…

  2. Vaginal itching and discharge - Adult and adolescent

    MedlinePLUS

    ... or thin Clear, cloudy, bloody, white, yellow, or green Odorless or have a bad odor Itching of the skin of the vagina and the surrounding area (vulva) may be present along with vaginal discharge. It can also occur on its own.

  3. Primary vaginal adenocarcinoma arising in vaginal adenosis after CO2 laser vaporization and 5-fluorouracil therapy.

    PubMed

    Paczos, Tamera A; Ackers, Stacey; Odunsi, Kunle; Lele, Shashikant; Mhawech-Fauceglia, Paulette

    2010-03-01

    We present a case of a 45-year-old woman with a long-standing history of persistent cervical dysplasia that resulted in a hysterectomy. Subsequent vaginal smears revealed high-grade vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia (VAIN III) on Pap smear with positive human papilloma virus (HPV) testing. Over the course of 2 years, the patient underwent 2 CO(2) laser vaporization procedures of the upper vagina and intermittent 5-fluorouracil therapy. A biopsy performed at the time of the second laser procedure revealed endocervical-type well-differentiated adenocarcinoma, associated with VAIN III. HPV in situ hybridization for HPV types 16 and 18 was positive in both the glandular and squamous mucosa. The patient has no known history of intrauterine diethylstilbestrol exposure or mullerian developmental abnormalities. Subsequently, the patient underwent a radical upper vaginetcomy with bilateral pelvic lymph nodes dissection and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. The vaginectomy specimen showed residual adenocarcinoma associated with VAIN-III and extensive vaginal adenosis with free resection margins. This is the second reported case in the literature of adenocarcinoma arising in vaginal adenosis after 5-fluorouracil. Herein, we highlight these important findings and shed some light on the pathogenesis of vaginal adenosis and the subsequent development of vaginal adenocarcinoma. PMID:20173507

  4. Why don't fistulas mature?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B S Dixon

    2006-01-01

    Fistula maturation requires a compliant and responsive vasculature capable of dilating in response to the increased velocity of blood flowing into the newly created low-resistance circuit. Successful maturation to a high volume flow circuit capable of sustaining hemodialysis typically occurs within the first few weeks after creation. Failure to achieve maturation within 4–8 weeks should prompt a search for reversible

  5. Prostatorectal fistula associated with iodine seed radiotherapy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. Mouli; R. Sharifi; P. Ray; G. Baumgartner; P. Guinan

    1983-01-01

    We report 4 cases of prostatorectal fistula following 125iodine interstitial radiotherapy. While 125iodine interstitial radiotherapy has become a popular form of treatment for localized prostate cancer, it is not without potential serious complications. Transurethral resection may be contraindicated before or after 125iodine therapy for prostate tumor.

  6. Case Reports Tracheoesophageal fistula after caustic ingestion

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eduardo Crema; Marcelo Cunha Fatureto; Marcel Noronha Gonzaga; Ricardo Pastore; Alex Augusto da Silva

    2007-01-01

    Tracheoesophageal fistulas are uncommon and present diverse etiologies, among which is burning of the esophagus due to caustic inges- tion. Herein, we report the case of a 27-year-old male patient having ingested a caustic substance 14 days prior and presenting burning retrosternal pain, weakness, productive cough with purulent sputum and dyspnea accompanied by hoarseness for the preceding 24 h. Endos-

  7. Coronary Arteriovenous Fistula Causing Hydrops Fetalis

    PubMed Central

    Çetiner, Nilüfer

    2014-01-01

    Fetal heart failure and hydrops fetalis may occur due to systemic arteriovenous fistula because of increased cardiac output. Arteriovenous fistula of the central nervous system, liver, bone or vascular tumors such as sacrococcygeal teratoma were previously reported to be causes of intrauterine heart failure. However, coronary arteriovenous fistula was not reported as a cause of fetal heart failure previously. It is a rare pathology comprising 0.2–0.4% of all congenital heart diseases even during postnatal life. Some may remain asymptomatic for many years and diagnosed by auscultation of a continuous murmur during a routine examination, while a larger fistulous coronary artery opening to a low pressure cardiac chamber may cause ischemia of the affected myocardial region due to steal phenomenon and may present with cardiomyopathy or congestive heart failure during childhood. We herein report a neonate with coronary arteriovenous fistula between the left main coronary artery and the right ventricular apex, who presented with hydrops fetalis during the third trimester of pregnancy. PMID:25247099

  8. Knee Lymphocutaneous Fistula Secondary to Knee Arthroplasty

    PubMed Central

    Pérez-de la Fuente, T.; Sandoval, E.; Alonso-Burgos, A.; García-Pardo, L.; Cárcamo, C.; Caballero, O.

    2014-01-01

    Lower limb lymphorrhea secondary to a surgical procedure is a rare but difficult-to-solve complication. In lower limb, this entity is frequently associated with vascular procedures around the inguinal area. We report on a case of a knee lymphocutaneous fistula secondary to a knee revision arthroplasty. To our knowledge, no previous reports regarding this complication have been published. PMID:25580333

  9. Current management of fistula-in-ano.

    PubMed

    Phillips, J; Lees, N; Arnall, F

    2015-03-01

    Anal fistulae management is a balance of effective healing and the risk of incontinence from sphincter division. This review examines the heterogeneity in the literature of treatment options and the difficulties this presents for surgical training and decision making. PMID:25761803

  10. Surgical management of congenital coronary artery fistulas.

    PubMed Central

    Lowe, J E; Oldham, H N; Sabiston, D C

    1981-01-01

    Congenital fistulas are the most common of the coronary arterial malformations and with the widespread use of selective coronary arteriography are being recognized with increasing frequency. Twenty-eight patients with congenital coronary fistulas have been evaluated at the Duke University Medical Center between 1960 and 1981. An additional 258 patients have previously been reported in the literature, making a total of 286 available for review. The right coronary artery is most commonly involved, and the fistulous communication is most often to the right ventricle, right atrium or pulmonary artery. Slightly more than half of the patients with coronary fistulas are symptomatic at the time the diagnosis is made. Surgical correction is strongly recommended to prevent the development of congestive heart failure, angina, subacute bacterial endocarditis, myocardial infarction, and pulmonary hypertension, as well as coronary aneurysm formation, with subsequent rupture or embolization. There were no operative or late deaths in the patients who underwent operations. Moreover, there have been no recurrent fistulas during a mean follow-up period of ten years. The risks of operative correction appear to be considerably less than the potential for development of serious and potentially fatal complications, even in asymptomatic patients. Images Fig. 2a. Fig. 2b. Fig. 3. PMID:7283502

  11. [Endoprosthetic closure of pharyngeal fistulae (author's transl)].

    PubMed

    Masing, H

    1979-11-01

    The Häring endoprosthesis was originally designed for re-establishing an esophageal passage in patients with tumor stenosis of the esophagus. We have successfully used this prosthesis in two patients for closure of large pharyngeal fistulae following laryngectomy. The prosthesis provides a watertight closure of the pharynx and allows immediate natural feeding by the patient. PMID:521333

  12. Vaginal Douching Among Latinas: Practices and Meaning

    PubMed Central

    Baquero, María; Anderson, Matthew R.; Alvarez, Adelyn; Karasz, Alison

    2009-01-01

    Objectives Vaginal douching is widely practiced by American women, particularly among minority groups, and is associated with increased risk of pelvic and vaginal infections. This research sought to investigate vaginal hygiene practices and meaning associated with them among Latina women and adolescents. Study results would guide development of an intervention to decrease douching among Latinas. Methods In depth qualitative interviews conducted with English- and Spanish-speaking women aged 16–40, seeking care for any reason who reported douching within the last year (n = 34). Interviews were audiotaped, transcribed and analyzed using qualitative methods. One-third of interviews were conducted in Spanish. Results Two explanatory models for douching motives emerged: one stressed cosmetic benefits; the other, infection prevention and control. Most women reported douching to eliminate menstrual residue; a small number reported douching in context of sexual intercourse or vaginal symptoms. Many were unaware of associated health risks. Respondents typically learned about douching from female family members and friends. Male partners were described as having little to no involvement in the decision to douche. Women varied in their willingness to stop douching. Two-thirds reported receiving harm reduction messages about “overdouching”. About half indicated previous discussion about douching with health care providers; some had reduced frequency in response to counseling. A number of previously unreported vaginal hygiene practices and products were described, including use of a range of traditional hygiene practices, and products imported from outside the US. Conclusions Respondents expressed a range of commitment to douching. Counseling messages acknowledging benefits women perceive as well as health risks should be developed and delivered tailored to individual beliefs. Further research is needed to assess prevalence and safety of previously unreported practices. PMID:18297379

  13. RECTOVAGINAL FISTULA REPAIR USING A DISPOSABLE BIOPSY PUNCH

    PubMed Central

    Adelowo, Amos; Ellerkmann, Richard; Rosenblatt, Peter

    2013-01-01

    Objectives To describe a novel surgical technique for complete excision of a rectovaginal fistula tract using a disposable biopsy punch during a transvaginal rectovaginal fistula repair and present our initial surgical experience. Methods Description of four cases of simple rectovaginal fistulas and an innovative surgical technique for the complete excision of the fistula tract using a disposable biopsy punch. Results Successful three, nine and twelve month follow up of four cases with simple rectovaginal fistulas after transvaginal rectovaginal fistula repair using a novel approach for complete fistula tract excision with a disposable biopsy punch and layered non overlapping suture closure. Demographic information reported included age, parity, medical and surgical history as well as fistula characteristics including size, location, presenting symptoms and duration of symptoms. We describe our operative technique with picture description. Conclusion This novel approach using a disposable punch biopsy device to complete excision of simple rectovaginal fistula tracts during a transvaginal rectovaginal fistula repair can help with achieving a successful surgical outcome. PMID:24368490

  14. Transperineal Management for Postoperative and Radiation Rectourethral Fistulas

    PubMed Central

    Voelzke, Bryan B.; McAninch, Jack W.; Breyer, Benjamin N.; Glass, Allison S.; Garcia-Aguilar, Julio

    2013-01-01

    Purpose The rectal sphincter preserving transperineal approach has been increasingly used successfully. We analyzed our experience with this surgical approach. A secondary aim was to evaluate the surgical outcome of energy ablative rectourethral fistulas without a concomitant interposition muscle flap. Materials and Methods We identified all patients with rectourethral fistula who underwent rectal sphincter preserving transperineal repair from 1998 to 2011. Re-approximation of the urethral mucosa, posterior anastomotic urethroplasty or partial/total prostatectomy with urethrovesical anastomosis was performed for urinary closure. The fistula cohort was divided into 2 groups, including postoperative and energy ablative fistulas, respectively. Success after perineal rectourethral fistula repair was defined as resolution after the first attempt at repair. Results A total of 23 patients underwent rectal sphincter preserving, transperineal rectourethral fistula repair. In the postoperative fistula cohort the fistula was successfully resolved in all 10 patients. A dartos interposition muscle flap was used in 2 of 10 patients. In the energy ablative cohort the fistula was successfully closed in 8 of 13 patients. An interposition muscle flap was not placed in 8 patients with an energy ablative fistula, of whom success was achieved in 5. Two of the 5 patients with an energy ablative fistula and a successful outcome without a concomitant interposition muscle flap had urinary extravasation, necessitating temporary catheterization. Conclusions Rectal sphincter preserving transperineal repair is a successful surgical method to repair postoperative and energy ablative rectourethral fistulas. An interposition muscle flap should be considered in the setting of energy ablative rectourethral fistulas to increase successful outcomes. PMID:23009867

  15. The vaginal microflora in relation to gingivitis

    PubMed Central

    2009-01-01

    Background Gingivitis has been linked to adverse pregnancy outcome (APO). Bacterial vaginosis (BV) has been associated with APO. We assessed if bacterial counts in BV is associated with gingivitis suggesting a systemic infectious susceptibilty. Methods Vaginal samples were collected from 180 women (mean age 29.4 years, SD ± 6.8, range: 18 to 46), and at least six months after delivery, and assessed by semi-quantitative DNA-DNA checkerboard hybridization assay (74 bacterial species). BV was defined by Gram stain (Nugent criteria). Gingivitis was defined as bleeding on probing at ? 20% of tooth sites. Results A Nugent score of 0–3 (normal vaginal microflora) was found in 83 women (46.1%), and a score of > 7 (BV) in 49 women (27.2%). Gingivitis was diagnosed in 114 women (63.3%). Women with a diagnosis of BV were more likely to have gingivitis (p = 0.01). Independent of gingival conditions, vaginal bacterial counts were higher (p < 0.001) for 38/74 species in BV+ in comparison to BV- women. Counts of four lactobacilli species were higher in BV- women (p < 0.001). Independent of BV diagnosis, women with gingivitis had higher counts of Prevotella bivia (p < 0.001), and Prevotella disiens (p < 0.001). P. bivia, P. disiens, M. curtisii and M. mulieris (all at the p < 0.01 level) were found at higher levels in the BV+/G+ group than in the BV+/G- group. The sum of bacterial load (74 species) was higher in the BV+/G+ group than in the BV+/G- group (p < 0.05). The highest odds ratio for the presence of bacteria in vaginal samples (> 1.0 × 104 cells) and a diagnosis of gingivitis was 3.9 for P. bivia (95% CI 1.5–5.7, p < 0.001) and 3.6 for P. disiens (95%CI: 1.8–7.5, p < 0.001), and a diagnosis of BV for P. bivia (odds ratio: 5.3, 95%CI: 2.6 to 10.4, p < 0.001) and P. disiens (odds ratio: 4.4, 95% CI: 2.2 to 8.8, p < 0.001). Conclusion Higher vaginal bacterial counts can be found in women with BV and gingivitis in comparison to women with BV but not gingivitis. P. bivia and P. disiens may be of specific significance in a relationship between vaginal and gingival infections. PMID:19161595

  16. Tumor-bowel fistula: what radiologists should know.

    PubMed

    Tirumani, Sree Harsha; Baez, Juan C; Jagannathan, Jyothi P; Shinagare, Atul B; Ramaiya, Nikhil H

    2013-10-01

    Tumor-bowel fistula is an under reported complication of abdomino-pelvic malignancies which may occur spontaneously due to tumor growth or can be associated with cancer treatment. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy are commonly responsible for tumor-bowel fistulas. Molecular targeted therapies are a new class of drugs that can cause tumor fistulization due to their antiangiogenic properties. Clinically, the fistula can be asymptomatic or can result in devastating complications. Imaging helps in the prompt detection of these fistulas and the complications associated with them. Management of tumor-bowel fistula is individualized but often involves discontinuation of the associated treatment. Radiologists should promptly alert the oncology team about the presence of tumor-bowel fistula and any risk factors for its occurrence like pneumatosis or large metastatic deposits close to bowel loops. PMID:23455947

  17. Triapine, Cisplatin, and Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Cervical Cancer or Vaginal Cancer

    ClinicalTrials.gov

    2014-04-21

    Recurrent Cervical Cancer; Recurrent Vaginal Cancer; Stage IB Cervical Cancer; Stage II Vaginal Cancer; Stage IIA Cervical Cancer; Stage IIB Cervical Cancer; Stage III Cervical Cancer; Stage III Vaginal Cancer; Stage IVA Cervical Cancer; Stage IVA Vaginal Cancer; Stage IVB Cervical Cancer; Stage IVB Vaginal Cancer; Therapy-related Toxicity

  18. Spontaneous closure of urethrovaginal fistula associated with pelvic fracture.

    PubMed

    Pal, Bipin Chandra; Modi, Pranjal; Modi, Jayesh; Kumar, Suresh; Patel, Chirag

    2013-07-01

    Female urethral injury following pelvic fracture is a rare entity. Due to the absence of large series, management guidelines are still not standardized. Patients can have associated urethrovaginal or vesicovaginal fistula, management of which poses a major challenge to the reconstructive urologist. Spontaneous closure of fistula produced by gynecological or obstetrical injuries have been described in the literature. Spontaneous closure of fistula caused due to pelvic fracture has not been described in the literature. PMID:24082449

  19. Spontaneous closure of urethrovaginal fistula associated with pelvic fracture

    PubMed Central

    Pal, Bipin Chandra; Modi, Pranjal; Modi, Jayesh; Kumar, Suresh; Patel, Chirag

    2013-01-01

    Female urethral injury following pelvic fracture is a rare entity. Due to the absence of large series, management guidelines are still not standardized. Patients can have associated urethrovaginal or vesicovaginal fistula, management of which poses a major challenge to the reconstructive urologist. Spontaneous closure of fistula produced by gynecological or obstetrical injuries have been described in the literature. Spontaneous closure of fistula caused due to pelvic fracture has not been described in the literature. PMID:24082449

  20. Anesthetic management of a patient with aortocaval fistula

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Keiko Morikawa; Hidekazu Setoguchi; Jun Yoshino; Masaiwa Motoyama; Reiko Makizono; Tomoka Yokoo; Yasuhiko Suemori; Hiroyuki Tanaka; Shosuke Takahashi

    2009-01-01

    Aortocaval fistula is a rare complication of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), and patients with an aortocaval fistula\\u000a show multiple symptoms. We report an 87-year-old man who was diagnosed as having an AAA with aortocaval fistula and who developed\\u000a refractory hypotension after induction of anesthesia. Following a phenylephrine injection for slight hypotension induced by\\u000a anesthetic induction, he developed severe hypotension

  1. Spinal Arteriovenous Fistula with Progressive Paraplegia after Spinal Anaesthesia

    PubMed Central

    Argyrakis, Nikolaos; Matis, Georgios K.; Mpata-Tshibemba, Stephanie

    2014-01-01

    A case of an iatrogenic spinal arteriovenous fistula with progressive paraplegia in a young woman is reported. The fistula was eventually created after repetitive lumbar punctures performed in the process of spinal anaesthesia. Her symptoms were progressed to paraplegia over a period of 2 years. The digital subtraction angiography demonstrated a single-hole fistula, involving the anterior spinal artery and vein. The lesion was occluded by embolization with immediate improvement. The potential mechanism is discussed. PMID:24653807

  2. Trigeminal fistula treated by combined transvenous and transarterial embolisation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Geibprasert; P. Jiarakongmun; T. Krings; S. Pongpech

    2008-01-01

    Summary  Trigeminal cavernous fistulae are rare, compared to other types of carotid-cavernous fistulae with only about 17 examples\\u000a previously reported in English literature. The aetiology can be either post-traumatic or spontaneous, and in the latter group\\u000a either due to a ruptured trigeminal aneurysm or postulated intrinsic weakness of the artery itself. The treatment goal is\\u000a to close the fistula while preserving

  3. Localization of carotid cavernous fistula using digital subtraction angiography

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kimberly N. Wiele; Supranee Tantana; Thomas Pilla; Carol R. Archer

    1985-01-01

    Digital subtraction angiography (DSA), with its rapid imaging rate (30 video frames per second) and immediately available\\u000a subtraction images, provides excellent vascular detail in localization of the exact site of internal carotid-cavernous fistula.\\u000a In a patient with two fistulas, we successfully used DSA to determine the sites of fistula and accurately positioned detachable\\u000a balloons to occlude them.

  4. Relationship among vaginal palpation, vaginal squeeze pressure, electromyographic and ultrasonographic variables of female pelvic floor muscles.

    PubMed

    Pereira, Vanessa S; Hirakawa, Humberto S; Oliveira, Ana B; Driusso, Patricia

    2014-10-10

    Background: The proper evaluation of the pelvic floor muscles (PFM) is essential for choosing the correct treatment. Currently, there is no gold standard for the assessment of female PFM function. Objective: To determine the correlation between vaginal palpation, vaginal squeeze pressure, and electromyographic and ultrasonographic variables of the female PFM. Method: This cross-sectional study evaluated 80 women between 18 and 35 years of age who were nulliparous and had no pelvic floor dysfunction. PFM function was assessed based on digital palpation, vaginal squeeze pressure, electromyographic activity, bilateral diameter of the bulbocavernosus muscles and the amount of bladder neck movement during voluntary PFM contraction using transperineal bi-dimensional ultrasound. The Pearson correlation was used for statistical analysis (p<0.05). Results: There was a strong positive correlation between PFM function and PFM contraction pressure (0.90). In addition, there was a moderate positive correlation between these two variables and PFM electromyographic activity (0.59 and 0.63, respectively) and movement of the bladder neck in relation to the pubic symphysis (0.51 and 0.60, respectively). Conclusions: This study showed that there was a correlation between vaginal palpation, vaginal squeeze pressure, and electromyographic and ultrasonographic variables of the PFM in nulliparous women. The strong correlation between digital palpation and PFM contraction pressure indicated that perineometry could easily be replaced by PFM digital palpation in the absence of equipment. PMID:25317769

  5. Instrumental vaginal delivery--back to basics.

    PubMed

    Keriakos, R; Sugumar, S; Hilal, N

    2013-11-01

    Assisted vaginal delivery using forceps or a vacuum extractor is an essential part of obstetric practice. Operative vaginal delivery rates in the UK have remained stable between 10% and 15%, yielding safe and satisfactory outcomes for the majority of mothers and their babies. However, there has been an increase in medico-legal cases due to an increasing awareness of the potential morbidity for both the mother and the baby. There are many factors that can play a part in both the maternal and fetal complications resulting from instrumental deliveries. The aim of this educational review is to address these factors and identify measures to reduce them by adherence to the basics and relevant evidence. PMID:24219713

  6. Adolescent Experiences with the Vaginal Ring

    PubMed Central

    Epstein, Laura B.; Sokal-Gutierrez, Karen; Ivey, Susan L.; Raine, Tina; Auerswald, Colette

    2011-01-01

    Purpose To understand racial/ethnic minority adolescent females’ experiences with the vaginal ring. Methods We conducted in-depth interviews with a clinic-based sample of 32 young women aged 15–24 years who had used the vaginal ring. Results Qualitative analysis using grounded theory revealed that adolescents undergo a multi-stage process when trying the ring and adopting ring use. These stages include hearing about the ring, initial reactions, first experiences with insertion and removal, and first sexual experiences. Adolescents subsequently enter an assessment and adjustment stage in which they decide whether to adopt or discontinue ring use. Ultimately they share their experiences with friends. Conclusions The model developed provides a context within which providers may advise adolescents as they begin use of the ring. Some specific recommendations are offered. PMID:18565439

  7. Vaginal Intercourse Frequency and Heart Rate Variability

    Microsoft Academic Search

    STUART BRODY; RAGNAR PREUT

    2003-01-01

    We examined the relationship between recalled and diary recorded frequency of penile-vaginal intercourse (FSI) and both resting heart rate variability (HRV; an index of cardiac autonomic control and parasympathetic tone associated with cardiovascular health outcomes) and resting diastolic blood pressure (DBP) in 120 healthy adults aged 19-38 (subjects scoring above the 87th percentile on the Lie scale of the Eysenck

  8. Posterior vaginal prolapse and bowel function

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anne M. Weber; Mark D. Walters; Lester A. Ballard; Delbert L. Booher; Marion R. Piedmonte

    1998-01-01

    Objective: This study’s objectives were to describe symptoms related to bowel dysfunction in women with uterovaginal prolapse and to compare these symptoms according to extent of posterior vaginal prolapse. Study Design: One hundred forty-three women completed a questionnaire assessment of bowel function and underwent standardized physical examination according to the International Continence Society’s system for grading uterovaginal prolapse. Results: The

  9. VARIATION AND PREDICTORS OF VAGINAL DOUCHING BEHAVIOR

    PubMed Central

    Misra, Dawn P.; Trabert, Britton; Atherly-Trim, Shelly

    2007-01-01

    Introduction Vaginal douching is a widespread practice among American women. Little research has been done examining variation in the practice or identifying risk factors. Methods We collected data on douching, as well as hypothesized predictors of vaginal douching, as part of a cohort study on preterm birth. African-American women residing in Baltimore City, Maryland, were enrolled if they received prenatal care or delivered at The Johns Hopkins Medical Institution. Interview data were collected on 872 women between March 2001 and July 2004, with a response rate of 68%. Logistic regression analysis was selected to identify factors associated with douching in the 6 months prior to pregnancy. Results Almost two thirds of women reported ever douching and more than two thirds of those women reported douching in the 6 months prior to pregnancy. Variation was seen in the practice of douching with regard to frequency as well as technique. After adjusting for several confounders, prenatal enrollment (odds ratio [OR], 1.80; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.29, 2.53), more unmet needs for time for “nonessentials” (OR, 1.83; 95% CI, 1.27, 2.63), smoking in the year prior to the birth (OR, 1.78; 95% CI, 1.22, 2.60), and age > 19 years (OR, 2.60; 95% CI, 1.36, 4.97) were significant predictors of douching in the 6 months prior to pregnancy. Discussion We identified considerable heterogeneity in the practice of vaginal douching in a cohort of low income African-American women. Conclusions Future studies should incorporate measures of the predictors of douching and detailed exposure information to determine the independent contribution of vaginal douching to health outcomes. PMID:17055380

  10. Vaginal Drug Delivery Systems for HIV Prevention

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lisa Cencia Rohan; Alexandra B. Sassi

    2009-01-01

    Microbicides have become a principal focus for HIV prevention strategies. The successful design of drug delivery systems for\\u000a vaginal microbicide drug candidates brings with it a multitude of challenges. It is imperative that the chemical and physical\\u000a characteristics of the drug candidate and its mechanism of action be clearly understood and considered to successfully deliver\\u000a and target drug candidates efficiently.

  11. Complications of anterior compartment vaginal surgery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eric S. Rovner

    2007-01-01

    Many complications can be associated with anterior compartment surgery of the vagina. With the integration of synthetic materials\\u000a into the surgical armamentarium for the repair of stress urinary incontinence in the form of midurethral slings, and for the\\u000a repair of vaginal prolapse as a primary procedure or to augment an existing repair, the spectrum of complications related\\u000a to this type

  12. Iliac arterial-enteric fistulas occurring after pelvic irradiation

    SciTech Connect

    Vetto, J.T.; Culp, S.C.; Smythe, T.B.; Chang, A.E.; Sindelar, W.F.; Sugarbaker, P.H.; Heit, H.A.; Giordano, J.M.; Kozloff, L.

    1987-05-01

    Fistulas from the iliac artery to the bowel constitute a condition that is often lethal. Excluding fistulas related to vascular grafts, a review of previously reported cases shows that they are most often due to atherosclerotic iliac aneurysms. Three unusual cases of this condition that occurred after high-dose pelvic irradiation for treatment of cancer are presented; in no case was recurrent tumor evident. These cases suggest that high-dose pelvic irradiation can predispose to the formation of iliac arterial-enteric fistulas, particularly if sepsis or inflammation develops. The definitive surgical management of these fistulas entails bowel resection, arterial ligation, and extra-anatomic bypass.

  13. Our Experience with MR Imaging of Perianal Fistulas

    PubMed Central

    Baskan, Ozdil; Koplay, Mustafa; Sivri, Mesut; Erol, Cengiz

    2014-01-01

    Summary Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) depicts infectious foci in the perianal region better than any other imaging modality. MRI allows definition of the fistula, associated abscess formation and its secondary extensions. Accurate information is necessary for surgical treatment and to obtain a decrease in the incidence of recurrence and complications. Radiologists should be familiar with anatomical and pathological findings of perianal fistulas and classify them using the MRI – based grading system. The purpose of this article was to provide an overview for evaluation of perianal fistulas, examples of various fistula types and their classification. PMID:25550766

  14. Multimodality Imaging of Left Circumflex Artery to Coronary Sinus Fistula

    PubMed Central

    Sze, Tan Ling; Abdul Aziz, Yang Faridah; Abu Bakar, Norzailin; Mohd Sani, Fadhli; Oemar, Hamid

    2015-01-01

    Coronary artery fistula (CAF) is a rare anomaly of the coronary artery. Patients with this condition are usually asymptomatic. However, cardiac failure may occur later in life due to progressive enlargement of the fistula. Diagnosis is traditionally made by echocardiogram and conventional angiogram. However with the advantage of new technologies such as computed tomography (CT) coronary angiography, the course and communications of these fistulae can be delineated non-invasively and with greater accuracy. We report a case of a left circumflex artery fistula to the coronary sinus which was suspected on echocardiogram and the diagnosis was clinched on ECG-gated CT. PMID:25793089

  15. A new minimally invasive treatment for anal fistula.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Rui; Shen, Lin; Wang, Caoyuan; Yang, Yanping; Chen, Rui; Fang, Hen; Xu, Xiaojuan

    2015-03-01

    In colorectal surgery, eradicating the fistula and maintaining continence are still complex challenges for a colorectal surgeon. A minimally invasive method using a novel device was performed to consecutively treat 14 patients with anal fistula from August 2008 to November 2009. After a follow-up period of 36 months, 13 patients achieved successful closure of their fistula tracts, and recurrence occurred only in one patient. Recurrence was due to the delay of dressing change. No patient had interference with continence, and no major intra- and postoperative complications were identified. Using the novel device with invasive methods can be a promising alternative for managing anal fistulas. PMID:25238933

  16. Strength of Preference for Vaginal Birth as a Predictor of Delivery Mode Among Women who Attempt a Vaginal Delivery

    PubMed Central

    WU, Erica; KAIMAL, Anjali; HOUSTON, Kathryn; YEE, Lynn; NAKAGAWA, Sanae; KUPPERMANN, Miriam

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To assess the relationship between strength of preference for vaginal birth and likelihood of vaginal delivery among women attempting this delivery mode. STUDY DESIGN We conducted a longitudinal study of mode of delivery preferences among women who were less than 36 weeks pregnant. Participants completed a sociodemographic and clinical questionnaire and were asked if they preferred vaginal or cesarean delivery. Participants who preferred vaginal delivery completed a standard gamble exercise to assess the strength of this preference on a 0-to-1 scale (higher scores indicate stronger preference for vaginal delivery); those preferring cesarean delivery were assigned a value of 0. Data on clinical characteristics and delivery mode was obtained via telephone interview or chart review. Logistic regression was used to identify predictors of delivery mode among women who attempted a vaginal delivery. RESULTS Of 210 participants, 156 attempted a vaginal delivery. Their mean and median vaginal delivery preference scores were 0.70 (SD 0.31) and 0.75 (IQR 0.50–0.99), respectively. In multivariate analyses, women with a prior cesarean delivery (aOR 0.08, CI 0.02–0.39) or who delivered an infant ?4000 grams (aOR 0.04, CI 0.01–0.28) had significantly lower odds of having a vaginal delivery. After controlling for potential confounders, participants with a stronger preference for vaginal delivery were at significantly higher odds of having a vaginal delivery (aOR 1.54, CI 1.01–2.34 for every 0.2 increase on the 0-to-1 scale). CONCLUSION Among women who attempt a vaginal delivery, the strength of preference for vaginal birth is predictive of the delivery mode ultimately undergone. PMID:24246523

  17. Colovesical fistula presenting as Listeria monocytogenes bacteraemia.

    PubMed

    Hobbs, Mark

    2015-01-01

    We present a case of colovesical fistula presenting with a clinical syndrome of urosepsis subsequently demonstrated to be due to Listeria monocytogenes bacteraemia. The patient had a history of previous rectal cancer with a low anterior resection and a covering ileostomy that had been reversed 6?months prior to this presentation. L. monocytogenes was also isolated among mixed enteric organisms on urine culture. There were no symptoms or signs of acute gastrointestinal listeriosis or meningoencephalitis. This unusual scenario prompted concern regarding the possibility of communication between bowel and bladder, which was subsequently confirmed with CT and a contrast enema. The patient recovered well with intravenous amoxicillin and to date has declined surgical management of his colovesical fistula. This case illustrates the importance of considering bowel pathology when enteric organisms such as Listeria are isolated from unusual sites. PMID:25827919

  18. Microsurgical ligation of spinal arteriovenous fistulae: techniques.

    PubMed

    Tuchek, Chad A; Cohen-Gadol, Aaron A

    2014-09-01

    Spinal dural arteriovenous fistula (dAVF) is an acquired abnormal arterial-to-venous connection within the spinal dura with a wide range of clinical presentations and natural history. Spinal dAVF occurs when a radicular artery makes a direct anomalous shunt with a radicular vein within the dura of the nerve root sleeve. Spinal dAVFs are the most common vascular malformation of the spine. The authors present a patient who presented with sudden temporary lower extremity weakness secondary to an L-1 spinal dAVF. The details of microsurgical techniques to disconnect the fistula are discussed in this video. The video can be found here: http://youtu.be/F9Kiffs3s6A. PMID:25175572

  19. Urinary tract infection in vaginitis: a condition often overlooked.

    PubMed

    Amatya, R; Bhattarai, S; Mandal, P K; Tuladhar, H; Karki, B M S

    2013-03-01

    Despite the differences between the organisms that cause vaginitis and urinary tract infections (UTI), it is possible that women with vaginitis develop UTI. The main objective of the study was to find the association of the common types of infectious vaginitis with UTI. Cross sectional study was conducted for six months in a referral hospital at Lalitpur, Nepal. Three hundred and sixmid-stream urine samples and high vaginal swabs (HVS) collected from non pregnant women were investigated by standard microbiological techniques. Among the women with bacterial vaginosis (BV), 75% also had UTI. Similarly, 46% and 13% of those with vaginal candidiasis and trichomoniasis respectively had concurrent UTI. Considering this strong association of UTI and vaginitis, women with either of these conditions should be tested for the other. PMID:24592798

  20. [Post-traumatic arteriovenous fistulae and pseudoaneurysms].

    PubMed

    Davidovi?, L; Lotina, S; Vojnovi?, B; Kosti?, D; Cinara, I; Cvetkovi?, S; Kecman, N; Markovi?, D

    1997-01-01

    The surgical treatment of 13 posttraumatic arteriovenous (AV) fistulae and 32 pseudoaneurysmae (PsAn) treated in the last 5 years in the Center of vascular surgery of the institute of cardiovascular diseases, Clinical center of Serbia (Belgrade) was presented. Three women and 42 men (mean age 31.7 years) were examined. Twenty-one injuries occurred in a war, while 24 injuries occurred in the peacetime. In most of the cases the superficial femoral artery was involved. The average time elapsed from the moment of injury till surgery, was 9 months in patients suffering from AV fistulae, while in patients suffering from PsAn the elapsed time was one month. In all of those with AV fistulae, some reconstructions of artery and vein were performed, except in 2 cases where the vein was ligated. In twenty-six patients suffering from PsAn the arterial reconstruction was performed, while in 6 cases the artery was ligated. Considering the type of artery, none of the patients suffered from postoperative ischemia. Patients were followed up for 2 years and 2 months on the average after the operation. As far as the reconstructive operations were concerned, postoperative patency rate was 100%, while limb salvage was achieved in 96.9%. Namely, one amputation was done in spite of high arterial patency rate, but it was indicated by massive bone-muscle tissue loss, that occurred after an injury by the land-mine. Due to the rapid progress of the disease the authors suggested that the operative treatment of posttraumatic AV fistulae and PsAn should start as soon as possible. This was supported by good follow-up results in operatively treated patients. PMID:9235789

  1. Aortopulmonary fistula after a modified Bentall procedure.

    PubMed

    Ferrari, Gabriele; Anastasio, Gerardo; Bianchi, Massimiliano; Scioti, Giovanni; Guarracino, Fabio; Bortolotti, Uberto

    2012-07-01

    A 68-year-old man presented with aortic pseudoaneurysm and aortopulmonary fistula, due to dehiscence of the left coronary button anastomosis, at three months after surgery for acute aortic dissection using a composite conduit. At reoperation, the pulmonary trunk was repaired by direct suture and the coronary ostial anastomosis with single sutures, reinforced with pericardial pledgets from inside the aortic graft. Aortopulmonary fistula due to pseudoaneurysm formation is an extremely rare complication of operations on the proximal aorta. Furthermore, pseudoaneurysm caused by dehiscence of a coronary anastomosis complicated by an aortopulmonary fistula, as in the present case, has been previously reported only twice. Patients with acute aortic dissection, due to tissue fragility, appear particularly prone to develop such complications, which can occur even in the early postoperative period. Therefore, after the repair of acute aortic dissection, particularly when the insertion of a composite conduit is required, continuous follow up is mandatory for the early detection of this rare, but potentially lethal, complication. PMID:22953679

  2. Differential tissue-specific protein markers of vaginal carcinoma

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K Hellman; A A Alaiya; S Becker; M Lomnytska; K Schedvins; W Steinberg; A-C Hellström; S Andersson; U Hellman; G Auer

    2009-01-01

    The objective was to identify proteins differentially expressed in vaginal cancer to elucidate relevant cancer-related proteins. A total of 16 fresh-frozen tissue biopsies, consisting of 5 biopsies from normal vaginal epithelium, 6 from primary vaginal carcinomas and 5 from primary cervical carcinomas, were analysed using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. Of the 43 proteins identified with significant

  3. Vaginal surgery for pelvic organ prolapse using mesh and a vaginal support device

    PubMed Central

    Carey, M; Slack, M; Higgs, P; Wynn-Williams, M; Cornish, A

    2008-01-01

    Objectives To describe a new surgical procedure for pelvic organ prolapse using mesh and a vaginal support device (VSD) and to report the results of surgery. Design A prospective observational study Setting Two tertiary referral Urogynaecology practices. Population Ninety-five women with International Continence Society pelvic organ prolapse quantification stage 2 or more pelvic organ prolapse who underwent vaginal surgery using mesh augmentation and a VSD. Methods Surgery involved a vaginal approach with mesh reinforcement and placement of a VSD for 4 weeks. At 6 and 12 months, women were examined for prolapse recurrence, and visual analogue scales for satisfaction were completed. Women completed quality-of-life (QOL) questionnaires preoperatively and at 6 and 12 months. Main outcome measures Objective success of surgery at 6 and 12 months following surgery. Secondary outcomes were subjective success, complications, QOL outcomes and patients’ satisfaction. Results Objective success rate was 92 and 85% at 6 and 12 months, respectively. Subjective success rate was 91 and 87% at 6 and 12 months, respectively. New prolapse in nonrepaired compartments accounted for 7 of 12 (58%) failures at 12 months. Two of 4 mesh exposures required surgery. Sexual dysfunction was reported by 58% of sexually active women preoperatively and 23% at 12 months. QOL scores significantly improved at 12 months compared with baseline (P < 0.0001). Conclusion Vaginal surgery using mesh and a VSD is an effective procedure for pelvic organ prolapse. However, further studies are required to establish the role of the surgery described in this study. Please cite this paper as:Carey M, Slack M, Higgs P, Wynn-Williams M, Cornish A. Vaginal surgery for pelvic organ prolapse using mesh and a vaginal support device. BJOG 2008;115:391–397. PMID:18190377

  4. Protocols for Vaginal Inoculation and Sample Collection in the Experimental Mouse Model of Candida vaginitis

    PubMed Central

    Yano, Junko; Fidel, Jr., Paul L.

    2011-01-01

    Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC), caused by Candida species, is a fungal infection of the lower female genital tract that affects approximately 75% of otherwise healthy women during their reproductive years18,32-34. Predisposing factors include antibiotic usage, uncontrolled diabetes and disturbance in reproductive hormone levels due to pregnancy, oral contraceptives or hormone replacement therapies33,34. Recurrent VVC (RVVC), defined as three or more episodes per year, affects a separate 5 to 8% of women with no predisposing factors33. An experimental mouse model of VVC has been established and used to study the pathogenesis and mucosal host response to Candida3,4,11,16,17,19,21,25,37. This model has also been employed to test potential antifungal therapies in vivo13,24. The model requires that the animals be maintained in a state of pseudoestrus for optimal Candida colonization/infection6,14,23. Under such conditions, inoculated animals will have detectable vaginal fungal burden for weeks to months. Past studies show an extremely high parallel between the animal model and human infection relative to immunological and physiological properties3,16,21. Differences, however, include a lack of Candida as normal vaginal flora and a neutral vaginal pH in the mice. Here, we demonstrate a series of key methods in the mouse vaginitis model that include vaginal inoculation, rapid collection of vaginal specimens, assessment of vaginal fungal burden, and tissue preparations for cellular extraction/isolation. This is followed by representative results for constituents of vaginal lavage fluid, fungal burden, and draining lymph node leukocyte yields. With the use of anesthetics, lavage samples can be collected at multiple time points on the same mice for longitudinal evaluation of infection/colonization. Furthermore, this model requires no immunosuppressive agents to initiate infection, allowing immunological studies under defined host conditions. Finally, the model and each technique introduced here could potentially give rise to use of the methodologies to examine other infectious diseases of the lower female genital tract (bacterial, parasitic, viral) and respective local or systemic host defenses. PMID:22215135

  5. Systemic Effects of Vaginally Administered Estrogen Therapy: A Review

    PubMed Central

    Krause, Megan; Wheeler, Thomas L.; Richter, Holly E.; Snyder, Thomas E.

    2015-01-01

    Hormone Therapy (HT) was considered the standard of care prior to the publication of the Women’s Health Initiative (WHI). After the study was published, the use of systemic HT dramatically decreased resulting in an increased incidence of menopausal symptoms such as hot flashes, vaginal dryness and dyspareunia experienced by women. Use of vaginal estrogen offers women a unique alternative for relief of these symptoms. This article reviews the systemic effects of vaginally administered estrogen. Effects on serum hormone levels, vasomotor symptoms, lipid profiles and use in women with breast cancer are reviewed. An accompanying review examines the local effects of vaginally administered estrogen. PMID:22453284

  6. 21 CFR 884.5940 - Powered vaginal muscle stimulator for therapeutic use.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...2014-04-01 false Powered vaginal muscle stimulator for therapeutic use. 884...Devices § 884.5940 Powered vaginal muscle stimulator for therapeutic use. (a) Identification. A powered vaginal muscle stimulator is an electrically...

  7. 75 FR 3745 - NIH Consensus Development Conference on Vaginal Birth After Cesarean: New Insights; Notice

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-22

    ...Consensus Development Conference on Vaginal Birth After Cesarean: New Insights; Notice...Consensus Development Conference on Vaginal Birth After Cesarean: New Insights'' to be...it will be open to the public. Vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) is the...

  8. [Congenital coronary artery fistulas: clinical and therapeutic consideration].

    PubMed

    Mal?i?, Ivan; Berti?, Mia; Eicken, Andreas; Kniewald, Hrvoje; Kašnar-Samprec, Jelena; Šari?, Dalibor; Schreiber, Christian; Bartoni?ek, Dorotea; Dilber, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    A coronary artery fistula is a link between one or more coronary arteries with another heart cavity or a segment of systemic or pulmonary circulation. Arterial blood from a coronary vessel enters another segment via myocardial capillary bed. These are very rare anomalies which constitute approximately 0.2 - 0.4% of all congenital heart defects. Still, they are clinically significant if they are of medium or large size and are manifested with a series of clinical symptoms such as angina pectoris, arrhythmias, myocardial infarction, endocarditis, progressive dilatation, heart failure and cardiomyopathy, pulmonary hypertension, thrombosis of the fistula and formation of aneurysms with possible ruptures. We present six patients with a coronary arterial fistula, their history, diagnostic procedures and outcomes. Therapeutic closure of coronary artery fistulas is recommended in all symptomatic, but also in asymptomatic patients, if there are significant roentgenographic, electrocardiographic and other abnormalities. In recent times transcatheter closure of coronary fistulas has become a possible alternative to surgery and is becoming increasingly used thanks to improved diagnostic possibilities and technology. If possible, interventional closure of fistulas is precisely the method preferred in pediatric patients. The choice of method depends on the anatomy of the fistula, presence or absence of additional defects, and on the experience of an interventional cardiologist or a heart surgeon. If performed well, the effects of both methods are good. This paper presents two children with a fistula between the right coronary artery and the right ventricle (RV), one child with a fistula between LAD and RV, one child with a fistula between the main tree of the left coronary artery (LCA) and RV, one child with a fistula between LCA and the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT), and one child with a fistula between LCA and the right atrium (RA). The last one (LCA-RA) is not described in the latest classification of anomalies of coronary blood vessels in children based on MSCT coronarography, so we consider our presentation to be a contribution to the new classification. Along with the descriptions of fistulas and presentations of interventional and cardiosurgical interventions, we are also presenting a rare case of spontaneous closing of the fistula within the first six months and of a reopening of the fistula between the right coronary artery and the right ventricle after six years. PMID:25632771

  9. Vault Prolapse II: Restoration of Dynamic Vaginal Supports by Infracoccygeal Sacropexy, an Axial Day-Case Vaginal Procedure

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. E. Papa Petros

    2001-01-01

    :   Our objective was to present and critically analyze the first 75 infracoccygeal sacropexy (ICS) operations for cure of vault\\u000a prolapse. Level 1 reconstruction was achieved by the insertion of a tension-free vaginal tape (nylon) via the ischiorectal\\u000a fossa into a transversely incised posterior vaginal fornix. Level 2 defects were repaired by cutting a central ‘bridge’ in\\u000a the posterior vaginal

  10. Vaginal fold histology reduces the variability introduced by vaginal exfoliative cytology in the classification of mouse estrous cycle stages

    PubMed Central

    Arnon, Gal; Po-Ching, Lin; Anne M, Barger; Amy L, MacNeill; CheMyong, Ko

    2015-01-01

    Vaginal exfoliative cytology is commonly used in biomedical and toxicological research to classify the stages of the rodent estrous cycle. However, mouse vaginal exfoliative cytology is commonly used as a stand-alone tool and has not been evaluated in reference to vaginal histology and serum sex hormone levels. In this study, the direct and Giemsa-stained methods of vaginal exfoliative cytology were compared in reference to vaginal fold histology and serum sex hormone levels. Both methods predicted the estrous stages similarly with mean discordance rates of 55%, 77%, 46% and 31%, for diestrus, proestrus, estrus and metestrus, respectively. From these results we conclude that vaginal exfoliative cytology may be used as a general guide to determine the desired estrous stage endpoint, and that a definitive confirmation of the estrous stage should obtained from evaluation of vaginal fold histology. Confirmation of the stage of the estrous cycle by vaginal fold histology will decrease the variability otherwise introduced by misclassification of estrous cycle stages with vaginal exfoliative cytology. PMID:24705880

  11. Doppler findings in a rare Coronary Artery Fistula

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christian Jung; Carl Jorns; James Huhta

    2007-01-01

    One of the primary forms of congenital anomalies of the coronary arteries is coronary artery fistula (CAF). It is defined as a direct communication between the coronary artery and any surrounding cardiac chamber or vascular structure, which bypasses the myocardial capillary bed. We present a newborn baby with a large coronary artery fistula connecting the left anterior descending (LAD) artery

  12. Transvaginal approach for repair of rectovaginal fistulae complicating Crohn's disease.

    PubMed Central

    Bauer, J J; Sher, M E; Jaffin, H; Present, D; Gelerent, I

    1991-01-01

    The management of rectovaginal fistulae complicating Crohn's disease is difficult and often unsatisfactory. Between December 1983 and November 1988, 13 patients with Crohn's disease underwent repair of rectovaginal fistulae via a transvaginal approach. All patients had a diverting intestinal stoma either as part of the initial step in the staged management of intractable perianal disease or concurrent with the repair of the rectovaginal fistula. Each of the patients had low or mid septal fistulae; high fistulae generally are treated transabdominally and are not the focus of this discussion. Fistulae were eradicated in 12 of the 13 women and did not recur during the follow-up period, which averaged 50 months (range, 9 to 68 months). The only treatment failure was a patient who had a markedly diseased colon from the cecum to the rectum and a very low-lying fistula. It is concluded that a modified transvaginal approach is an effective method for repair of rectovaginal fistulae secondary to Crohn's disease. PMID:1992942

  13. Transvaginal approach for repair of rectovaginal fistulae complicating Crohn's disease.

    PubMed

    Bauer, J J; Sher, M E; Jaffin, H; Present, D; Gelerent, I

    1991-02-01

    The management of rectovaginal fistulae complicating Crohn's disease is difficult and often unsatisfactory. Between December 1983 and November 1988, 13 patients with Crohn's disease underwent repair of rectovaginal fistulae via a transvaginal approach. All patients had a diverting intestinal stoma either as part of the initial step in the staged management of intractable perianal disease or concurrent with the repair of the rectovaginal fistula. Each of the patients had low or mid septal fistulae; high fistulae generally are treated transabdominally and are not the focus of this discussion. Fistulae were eradicated in 12 of the 13 women and did not recur during the follow-up period, which averaged 50 months (range, 9 to 68 months). The only treatment failure was a patient who had a markedly diseased colon from the cecum to the rectum and a very low-lying fistula. It is concluded that a modified transvaginal approach is an effective method for repair of rectovaginal fistulae secondary to Crohn's disease. PMID:1992942

  14. Esophagobronchial fistula - A rare complication of aluminum phosphide poisoning.

    PubMed

    Bhargava, Sumeet; Rastogi, Rajul; Agarwal, Ajay; Jindal, Gaurav

    2011-01-01

    Aluminum phosphide is a systemic lethal poison. Fistulous communication between esophagus and airway tract (esophagorespiratory fistula) has rarely been reported in the survivors of aluminum phosphide poisoning. We report a case of benign esophagobronchial fistula secondary to aluminum phosphide poisoning, which to best of our knowledge has not been reported in the medical literature. PMID:21264171

  15. Double-balloon Technique for Embolization of Carotid Cavernous Fistulas

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Mu; Huo Teng; Cheng-Yen Chang; Jen-Huey Chiang; Jiing-Feng Lirng; Chao-Bao Luo; Shing-Su Chen; Feng-Chi Chang; Wan-Yuo Guo

    Summary: Embolization of a carotid cavernous fistula (CCF) by means of a detachable balloon is an established method for treating CCFs while preserving a patent parent internal carotid artery (ICA). However, failure to embolize the CCF may occur on a few occasions, such as when the balloon cannot pass through the fistula into the cavernous sinus by blood flow, or

  16. Spontaneous carotid cavernous fistula in Ehlers Danlos syndrome

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R Fox; F M Pope; P Narcisi; A C Nicholls; B E Kendall; M D Hourihan; D A Compston

    1988-01-01

    A patient is described with Ehlers Danlos syndrome presenting with spontaneous carotid cavernous fistula, in whom there was biochemical evidence for defective type III collagen synthesis. Despite the risks associated with arterial manipulation, the fistula was successfully closed by interventional neuroradiology and the patient has since remained well. This outcome is in contrast with the results in previous reports.

  17. Endovascular Trapping of Traumatic Carotid-Cavernous Fistulae

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stuart C. Coley; Hament Pandya; Tim J. Hodgson; Martin A. Jeffree; Neil P. Deasy

    Summary: We describe an unconventional endovascular approach to the treatment of traumatic carotid-cavernous fistulas. Four patients with large high-flow shunts have been successfully treated by trapping of the fistula by using a combination of proximal balloon occlusion and distal coil embolization. The latter was achieved following retrograde catheterization of the distal parent vessel via the contralat- eral carotid or ipsilateral

  18. An interesting case of an aortopulmonary artery fistula

    PubMed Central

    Nghiem, A.Z.; Wormald, J.R.; Villar, S. Rodríguez

    2014-01-01

    Aortopulmonary artery fistulae are exceeding rare and may be associated with aortic arch aneurysms or thoracic aortic surgery. Here, we present a case of an aortopulmonary artery fistula in an 87-year-old woman with no history of aneursymal disease or thoracic surgery and discuss the likely aetiology and management of this condition. PMID:25204765

  19. Surgical management of an unusual carotid-cavernous fistula

    PubMed Central

    Sanchis, J. F.; Alvarez, J. A. G.

    1973-01-01

    A case of carotid-cavernous fistula is described associated with extradural haematoma, temporal lobe contusion, ophthalmoplegia, optic nerve injury by fracture, rhinorrhoea, orbital encephalocoele, and traumatic carotid thrombosis. The fistula was occluded by clipping of the carotid artery intracranially and also of the ophthalmic artery. Images PMID:4772722

  20. Dural Arteriovenous Fistula of the Cavernous Sinus with Brainstem Edema

    Microsoft Academic Search

    MICHAEL MU; HUO TENG; JIING-FENG LIRNG; FENG-CHI CHANG; SHING-SU CHEN; CHAO-BAO LUO; CHENG-YEN CHANG; JEN-HUEY CHIANG

    Dural arteriovenous fistula of the cavernous sinus is usually a benign disease and rarely has brainstem edema as its complication. We present a patient with dural arteriovenous fistula of the cavernous sinus and brainstem edema. The brainstem edema resolved after embolization. Embolization should be considered first whenever brainstem edema occurs, progressive visual deterioration or increased intracranial pressure is encountered in

  1. [Report on 114 primary vaginal carcinomas].

    PubMed

    Sun, J H; Zhang, W H; Li, A L; Wu, A R

    1987-11-01

    114 patients with primary carcinoma of the vagina were treated in our hospital from 1958 to 1978. It accounted for 0.83% of all gynecological malignant tumors in the same period. The youngest was 26 years of age, the oldest 75. Patients 40-59 years comprised 61.4%. 33% of patients had wedding age under 17. 63.4% had more than 4 pregnancies and 58.4% gave more than 4 births. 89.69% was diagnosed as squamous cell carcinoma, 7.2% as adenocarcinoma, 2.06% as undifferentiated carcinoma and 1 as embryonic carcinoma. The tumor occurred frequently in the upper third and posterior wall of the vagina (60% and 68%). In this series, there were 21 stage I, 29 stage II, 61 stage III and 3 stage IV lesions. 110 patients were treated by radiotherapy in different schemes. Intracavitary radium or caesium plus 60Co external irradiation by four fields gave better result with a 5 year survival rate of 66.1%. Only 2 out of 12 patients were cured by 60Co rotation alone but if supplemented by intracavitary radium or caesium, the cure rate was increased. The 5 year survival rate was 71.4% for stage I, 62.1% for stage II, 42.6% for stage III and O for stage IV. After the radiotherapy, rectovaginal fistula developed in 1 patient, vesicovaginal fistula in 1. 14% was complicated with rectal bleeding and 8.18% with hematuria. PMID:3452544

  2. Incidental cholecystojejunal fistula treated with successful laparoscopic management

    PubMed Central

    Jung, Hae Il; Ahn, Taesung; Cho, Sung Woo; Lee, Moon Soo; Kim, Chang Ho

    2014-01-01

    Internal biliary fistula (IBF) is occurred spontaneously due to the biliary disease in most cases. Bilioenteric, biliobiliary, bronchobiliary, and vasculobiliary type of IBF have been reported in the literature. We herein describe our experience with an incidental cholecystojejunal fistula, a very rare type of bilioenteric fistula in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. A 61-year-old woman with several years' history of intermittent right upper abdominal pain was admitted to Soonchunhyang University Cheonan Hospital. Abdominal CT scan showed the pneumobilia in gallbladder with common bile duct dilatation. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and endoscopic sphincterotomy were done. On operative findings, there was a cholecystojejunal fistula. We performed laparoscopic cholecystectomy and fistulectomy with jejunal partial resection. To our knowledge, this is the first report on incidental cholecystojejunal fistula uncombined with any other disease and was treated with laparoscopic procedure. PMID:25368855

  3. Update on anal fistulae: Surgical perspectives for the gastroenterologist

    PubMed Central

    Tabry, Helena; Farrands, Paul A

    2011-01-01

    Anal fistulae are common and debilitating; they are characterized by severe pain and discharge. They arise following infection near the anal canal, or as a primary event from an abscess in the abdomen, fistulating into the vagina or perianal skin. The term ‘cryptoglandular’ is given to abscesses arising from the anal glands. For many years, the treatment of choice was to lay open the fistula; however, this risks causing incontinence with potentially devastating consequences. Alternative surgical treatments include setons, fibrin glue, collagen plugs and flaps to cover the internal fistula opening. These have achieved varying degrees of success, as will be discussed. The present review also discusses anal fistulae in light of much recently published literature. Currently, anal fistulae remain challenging and require specialist expertise; however, new treatment options are on the horizon. PMID:22175058

  4. MRI of Perianal Fistulas: Bridging the radiologic-surgical divide

    PubMed Central

    Gage, Kenneth L.; Deshmukh, Swati; Macura, Katarzyna J.; Kamel, Ihab R.; Zaheer, Atif

    2013-01-01

    Perianal fistula is a clinical entity with multiple surgical treatment options. Recently, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has emerged as an important imaging modality in the management of perianal fistulas. It provides accurate description of the fistula within the anal canal in relation to the sphincter complex and other pelvic floor structures as well as the associated complications such as abscess. By understanding the surgical viewpoint, the appearance of perianal fistulas, associated complications, and post-treatment findings of commonly used surgical interventions can more accurately be interpreted to aid clinicians. The objective of the article is to review MRI indications and findings, radiological versus surgical classification schemes, and surgical treatment options for perianal fistulas. PMID:23242265

  5. Esophageal fistula associated with intracavitary irradiation for esophageal carcinoma

    SciTech Connect

    Hishikawa, Y.; Tanaka, S.; Miura, T.

    1986-05-01

    Fifty-three patients with esophageal carcinoma were treated with high-dose-rate intracavitary irradiation following external irradiation. Ten patients developed esophageal fistula. Perforations were found in the bronchus (four), major vessels (four), pericardium (one), and mediastinum (one). The frequency of fistula occurrence in these patients was not remarkably different from that in 30 other patients treated only with greater than or equal to 50 Gy external irradiation. From the time of the development of esophageal fistula, intracavitary irradiation did not seem to accelerate the development of fistula. The fistulas in our ten patients proved to be associated with tumor, deep ulcer (created before intracavitary irradiation), chemotherapy, infection, and trauma rather than the direct effect of intracavitary irradiation.

  6. The association of carotid cavernous fistula with Graves’ ophthalmopathy

    PubMed Central

    Celik, Ozlem; Buyuktas, Deram; Islak, Civan; Sarici, A Murat; Gundogdu, A Sadi

    2013-01-01

    Graves’ ophthalmopathy (GO) is one of the frequent manifestations of the disorder which is an inflammatory process due to fibroblast infiltration, fibroblast proliferation and accumulation of glycosaminoglycans. Eye irritation, dryness, excessive tearing, visual blurring, diplopia, pain, visual loss, retroorbital discomfort are the symptoms and they can mimic carotid cavernous fistulas. Carotid cavernous fistulas are abnormal communications between the carotid arterial system and the cavernous sinus. The clinical manifestations of GO can mimic the signs of carotid cavernous fistulas. Carotid cavernous fistulas should be considered in the differential diagnosis of the GO patients especially who are not responding to the standard treatment and when there is a unilateral or asymmetric eye involvement. Here we report the second case report with concurrent occurrence of GO and carotid cavernous fistula in the literature. PMID:23571267

  7. Calyceal-cutaneous fistulae in renal transplant patients.

    PubMed Central

    Goldman, M H; Burleson, R L; Tilney, N L; Vineyard, G C; Wilson, R E

    1976-01-01

    Calyceal-cutaneous fistula is a serious sequela of renal transplantation occurring in approximately 3% of allografts. This complication occurred in 12% of allografts with multiple renal arteries. A localized area of poor parenchymal perfusion involving less than one-eighth of the kidney was noted at the time of transplantation in only one-third of the kidneys developing fistulae. Attempts of surgical correction of the fistulae in the presence of serious wound and urinary tract sepsis were usually unsuccessful, with the ultimate loss of 7 of 8 kidneys and the death of 3 patients from sepsis. One individual underwent successful partial resection and closure of the fistula with a muscular graft and survives with adequate function. This experience would suggest that if an initial aggressive surgical attempt at repairing a calyceal-cutaneous fistula fails, transplant nephrectomy should be performed. PMID:793542

  8. A case of pyriform sinus fistula infection with double tracts.

    PubMed

    Shino, Masato; Yasuoka, Yoshihito; Nakajima, Kyoko; Chikamatsu, Kazuaki

    2014-01-01

    Pyriform sinus fistula is a rare clinical entity and the precise origin remains controversial. The fistula is discovered among patients with acute suppurative thyroiditis or deep neck infection of the left side of the neck and is usually located in the left pyriform sinus. To the best of our knowledge, only a single tract has been reported to be responsible for pyriform sinus fistula infection. We present a case of a 13-year-old female patient with a pyriform sinus fistula that caused a deep infection of the left side of the neck and showed double-tract involvement discovered during surgical resection of the entire fistula. Both tracts arose around the pyriform sinus and terminated at the upper portion of the left lobe of the thyroid. PMID:25405046

  9. Spontaneous cholecystocutaneous fistula as a rare complication of gallstones.

    PubMed

    Ozdemir, Y; Yucel, E; Sucullu, I; Filiz, I; Gulec, B; Akin, M L; Yildiz, M

    2012-01-01

    Spontaneous perforation of gallbladder as a complication of biliary stones may lead to a cholecystocutaneous abscess or fistula. The pathophysiology of this condition has been associated with increased pressure in the gallbladder, secondary to biliary obstruction. Ultrasonography and Computed Tomography (CT) can be used for diagnosis of cholecystocutaneous abscess or fistula. The treatment of fistula requires adequate drainage, antibiotics, followed by elective cholecystectomy with excision of the fistula. We report a case of spontaneous cholecystocutaneous fistula in an 89-year-old female patient who presented with obstructive jaundice and subcutaneous abscess in the right subcostal area. Abdominal CT scan showed gallstones and communication between the abscess and the gallbladder. First abdominal wall abscess was drained externally then cholecystectomy and exploration of common bile duct was performed (Fig. 3, Ref. 8). PMID:22794521

  10. Fibroepithelial vaginal polyp in a newborn

    PubMed Central

    Alotay, Abdulhakim A.; Sarhan, Osama; Alghanbar, Mustafa; Nakshabandi, Ziyad

    2015-01-01

    A fibroepithelial polyp of the vagina (FEPV) is a mucosal polypoid lesion with a connective tissue core covered by a benign squamous epithelium. A vaginal polyp must be considered in the evaluation of interlabial masses in prepubertal girls. This article describes a newborn girl with an interlabial mass that the histological analysis revealed to be an FEPV. Surgical excision of the mass was performed, and the patient has not experienced recurrence after 1-year of follow-up. A review of the literature revealed that our case was the third reported case of a fibroepithelial polyp in a neonate.

  11. Pathology Case Study: Bloody Vaginal Discharge

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Dickson, H.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which an elderly woman experienced bloody vaginal discharge long after menopause. Visitors are given both the microscopic pap smear and biopsy findings, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in gynecologic pathology.

  12. Update in management of vaginal mesh erosion.

    PubMed

    Cornu, Jean-Nicolas; Peyrat, Laurence; Haab, François

    2013-10-01

    Mesh erosion is one of the major complications of prolapse surgery conducted by transvaginal approach. Following the extensive use of meshes and warning about potential complications, a new classification of mesh-related adverse events has been proposed. Due to the wide scope of clinical features, no standardized approach has been proposed. Surgery is required after failure of conservative management, mostly based on mesh partial or total excision by transvaginal route, following the classic rules of re-do vaginal surgery. Complex cases are best managed in tertiary reference centers. PMID:23873511

  13. Microbiology of vaginal discharge in Nairobi, Kenya.

    PubMed Central

    Mirza, N B; Nsanze, H; D'Costa, L J; Piot, P

    1983-01-01

    Among women attending a sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic in Nairobi with vaginal discharge, Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis were isolated from the cervix in 32 (26%) of 122 and four (7%) of 58 women respectively. Infection with Trichomonas vaginalis, Candida albicans, Gardnerella vaginalis, and Mycoplasma spp were diagnosed in 42 of 122 (34%), 26 of 110 (24%), 75 of 100 (75%), and 42 of 89 (47%) women respectively. Mixed infections with at least two pathogens were found in 23 (26%) of 89 women examined for all microorganisms. Infection with N gonorrhoeae was significantly associated with abdominal pain. PMID:6405973

  14. Vaginal mass following uncemented total hip arthroplasty

    PubMed Central

    Shin, Young-Soo; Jung, Tae-Wan; Han, Seung-Beom

    2014-01-01

    A 53-year-old woman developed a vaginal mass following an uncemented total hip arthroplasty. The mass was in direct communication with the hip through an acetabular medial wall defect after loosening of the acetabular component. The mass formation was caused simultaneously by changes secondary to polyethylene wear, a tiny delamination of the porous titanium mesh coating and a broken antirotational tab on the acetabular cup, all of which may have served as sources of metal particles. A careful evaluation of the patient's history, symptoms, X-ray findings and computed tomography scans should always be performed to ensure accurate diagnosis. PMID:25404779

  15. Vaginal "fisting" as a cause of death.

    PubMed

    Fain, D B; McCormick, G M

    1989-03-01

    We describe the death of a young girl that resulted from the insertion of a clenched hand and forearm into her vagina during heterosexual activity. (The male homosexual practice of rectal fist insertion has been described previously.) We believe this death to be the first reported case of a "fisting" death due to vaginal fist insertion during heterosexual activity. This death is reported to alert forensic pathologists, medicolegal death investigators, and coroners aware of the role of aberrant sexual activity and its potential to cause death. PMID:2929548

  16. Pharmacological profiling of neuropeptides on rabbit vaginal wall and vaginal artery smooth muscle in vitro

    PubMed Central

    Aughton, K L; Hamilton-Smith, K; Gupta, J; Morton, J S; Wayman, C P; Jackson, V M

    2008-01-01

    Background and purpose: Hypothalamic neuropeptides centrally modulate sexual arousal. However, the role of neuropeptides in peripheral arousal has been ignored. Vascular and non-vascular smooth muscle relaxation in the vagina is important for female sexual arousal. To date, in vitro studies have focused on vaginal strips with no studies on vaginal arteries. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of sexual hypothalamic neuropeptides on rabbit vaginal wall strips and arteries. Experimental approach: Tissue bath and wire myography techniques were used to measure isometric tension from strips and arteries, respectively. Key results: Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) relaxed both preparations, effects that were only antagonized by the VIP/PACAP antagonist VIP6–28 (10?nM) and the PAC1 antagonist PACAP 6–38 (1??M). The melanocortin agonist ?-melanocortin-stimulating hormone (1??M), but not bremelanotide (1??M), also relaxed both preparations. Oxytocin and vasopressin contracted vaginal preparations, which could be antagonized by the V1A antagonist SR 49059. Neuropeptide Y (NPY) and the NPY Y1 agonist Leu31, Pro34 NPY only contracted arteries, which was antagonized by the NPY Y1 receptor antagonist BIBP 3226. Melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH; 1??M) contracted arteries. Conclusion and implications: Hypothalamic neuropeptides can exert contractile and relaxant effects on vaginal strips and arteries. NPY Y1, V1A, MCH1 antagonists as well as VIP/PAC1 agonists may have therapeutic potential in both central and peripheral female sexual arousal. Differences in effect of neuropeptides between preparations raise the question of which preparation is important for female sexual arousal. PMID:18587425

  17. Fluconazole Susceptibility of Vaginal Isolates Obtained from Women with Complicated Candida Vaginitis: Clinical Implications

    PubMed Central

    Sobel, J. D.; Zervos, M.; Reed, B. D.; Hooton, T.; Soper, D.; Nyirjesy, P.; Heine, M. W.; Willems, J.; Panzer, H.

    2003-01-01

    Despite considerable evidence of azole resistance in oral candidiasis due to Candida species, little is known about the azole susceptibilities of the genital tract isolates responsible for vaginitis. The fluconazole susceptibilities of vaginal isolates obtained during a multicenter study of 556 women with complicated Candida vaginitis were determined by evaluating two fluconazole treatment regimens. Of 393 baseline isolates of Candida albicans, 377 (96%) were highly susceptible to fluconazole (MICs, <8 ?g/ml) and 14 (3.6%) were resistant (MICs, ?64 ?g/ml). Following fluconazole therapy, one case of in vitro resistance developed during 6 weeks of monitoring. In accordance with the NCCLS definition, in vitro fluconazole resistance correlated poorly with the clinical response, although a trend of a higher mycological failure rate was found (41 versus 19.6% on day 14). By using an alternative breakpoint of 1 ?g/ml, based upon the concentrations of fluconazole achievable in vaginal tissue, no significant differences in the clinical and mycological responses were observed when isolates (n = 250) for which MICs were ?1 ?g/ml were compared with isolates (n = 30) for which MICs were >1 ?g/ml, although a trend toward an improved clinical outcome was noted on day 14 (odds ratio, >2.7; 95% confidence interval, 0.91, 8.30). Although clinical failure was uncommon, symptomatic recurrence or mycological relapse almost invariably occurred with highly sensitive strains (MICs, <1.0 ?g/ml). In vitro fluconazole resistance developed in 2 of 18 initially susceptible C. glabrata isolates following fluconazole exposure. Susceptibility testing for women with complicated Candida vaginitis appears to be unjustified. PMID:12499165

  18. Recurrent anal fistulae: Limited surgery supported by stem cells

    PubMed Central

    Garcia-Olmo, Damian; Guadalajara, Hector; Rubio-Perez, Ines; Herreros, Maria Dolores; de-la-Quintana, Paloma; Garcia-Arranz, Mariano

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To study the results of stem-cell therapy under a Compassionate-use Program for patients with recurrent anal fistulae. METHODS: Under controlled circumstances, and approved by European and Spanish laws, a Compassionate-use Program allows the use of stem-cell therapy for patients with very complex anal fistulae. Candidates had previously undergone multiple surgical interventions that had failed to resolve the fistulae, and presented symptomatic recurrence. The intervention consisted of limited surgery (with closure of the internal opening), followed by local implant of stem cells in the fistula-tract wall. Autologous expanded adipose-derived stem cells were the main cell type selected for implant. The first evaluation was performed on the 8th postoperative week; outcome was classified as response or partial response. Evaluation one year after the intervention confirmed if complete healing of the fistula was achieved. RESULTS: Ten patients (8 male) with highly recurrent and complex fistulae were treated (mean age: 49 years, range: 28-76 years). Seven cases were non-Crohn’s fistulae, and three were Crohn’s-associated fistulae. Previous surgical attempts ranged from 3 to 12. Two patients presented with preoperative incontinence (Wexner scores of 12 and 13 points). After the intervention, six patients showed clinical response on the 8th postoperative week, with a complete cessation of suppuration from the fistula. Three patients presented a partial response, with an evident decrease in suppuration. A year later, six patients (60%) remained healed, with complete reepithelization of the external opening. Postoperative Wexner Scores were 0 in six cases. The two patients with previous incontinence improved their scores from 12 to 8 points and from 13 to 5 points. No adverse reactions or complications related to stem-cell therapy were reported during the study period. CONCLUSION: Stem cells are safe and useful for treating anal fistulae. Healing can be achieved in severe cases, sparing fecal incontinence risk, and improving previous scoring.

  19. Vaginal Eroticism and Female Orgasm: A Current Appraisal

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Heli Alzate

    1985-01-01

    In the light of very recent studies, this paper reviews two controversial issues in the area of female sexuality: vaginal eroticism and female orgasm. From the available evidence, it is concluded that most (and probably all) women possess vaginal zones, mainly located on the anterior wall, whose tactile stimulation can lead to orgasm. The apparent contradiction between this finding and

  20. Gestational trophoblastic disease: the significance of vaginal metastases.

    PubMed

    Bloch, B; Atad, J

    1983-10-01

    Six patients with gestational trophoblastic disease whose presenting symptom was hemorrhage from vaginal metastases are discussed. The clinical features, management, and response to treatment are outlined and it is suggested that the presence of vaginal metastases should be regarded as a poor prognostic factor and an indication for multiple cytotoxic agent chemotherapy. PMID:6313492

  1. What Are the Risk Factors for Vaginal Cancer?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... know what causes vaginal cancer? What are the risk factors for vaginal cancer? A risk factor is anything that affects your chance of getting ... disease such as cancer. Different cancers have different risk factors. For example, exposing skin to strong sunlight is ...

  2. Vaginal delivery in patients with a prior cesarean section.

    PubMed

    Lavin, J P; Stephens, R J; Miodovnik, M; Barden, T P

    1982-02-01

    To assess the risks and benefits of vaginal delivery in patients with prior cesarean section, the English literature on this subject from 1950 to 1980 was reviewed. The following conclusions were reached: 1) Properly conducted vaginal delivery after cesarean section is relatively safe, with a 0.7% incidence of uterine rupture, 0.93 perinatal mortality, and no maternal deaths due to uterine rupture. 2) Of those patients allowed a trial of labor, 66.7% were successfully delivered vaginally. Successful vaginal delivery occurred in 74.2% of those patients with a nonrecurrent indication for their previous cesarean section and in 33.3% of those patients whose indication for previous cesarean section was cephalopelvic disproportion. Sixty-seven percent of those patients with a prior vaginal delivery versus 47.1% of those patients without a prior vaginal delivery subsequently delivered vaginally. 3) A classic uterine scar clearly increases the probability of uterine rupture. However, the precise magnitude of the increased risk cannot be accurately determined. 4) Certain basic safety requirements such as available operating room facilities and adequate personnel for careful observation are mandatory, but other management policies that remain controversial include use of regional anesthesia, oxytocin administration, timing of hospital admission, artificial rupture of membranes, mode of delivery, proper method to evaluate the uterine scar, and delivery of fetuses in breech presentation and twins. 5) A policy of selective vaginal deliveries among patients with prior cesarean sections will result in cost reductions due to decreased postpartum hospitalization. PMID:7078857

  3. Women's Psychological Adjustment Following Emergency Cesarean versus Vaginal Delivery.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Padawer, Jill A.; And Others

    1988-01-01

    Investigated psychological adjustment and satisfaction in women who had given birth vaginally or by cesarean section. Cesarean mothers reported significantly less satisfaction with the delivery than did vaginal mothers; however no differences were found in postpartum psychological adjustment as measured by depression, anxiety, and confidence in…

  4. Vaginal breech delivery: results of a prospective registration study

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Most countries recommend planned cesarean section in breech deliveries, which is considered safer than vaginal delivery. As one of few countries in the western world Norway has continued to practice planned vaginal delivery in selected women. The aim of this study is to evaluate prospectively registered neonatal and maternal outcomes in term singleton breech deliveries in a Norwegian hospital during a ten years period. We aim to compare maternal and neonatal outcomes in term breech pregnancies subjected either to planned vaginal or elective cesarean section. Methods A prospective registration study including 568 women with term breech deliveries (>37 weeks) consecutively registered at Sorlandet Hospital Kristiansand between 2001 and 2011. Fetal and maternal outcomes were compared according to delivery method; planned vaginal delivery versus planned cesarean section. Results Of 568 women, elective cesarean section was planned in 279 (49%) cases and vaginal delivery was planned in 289 (51%) cases. Acute cesarean section was performed in 104 of the planned vaginal deliveries (36.3%). There were no neonatal deaths. Two cases of serious neonatal morbidity were reported in the planned vaginal group. One infant had seizures, brachial plexus injury, and cephalhematoma. The other infant had 5-minutes Apgar?vaginal group (10.0%) and eight in the planned cesarean section group (2.9%) (p?vaginal delivery group (p?vaginal group without long-term sequelae. PMID:23883361

  5. Venous Drainage Patterns in Carotid Cavernous Fistulas

    PubMed Central

    Aralasmak, Ayse; Karaali, Kamil; Senol, Utku; Ozdemir, Huseyin; Alkan, Alpay

    2014-01-01

    Purpose. The carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF) is an abnormal arteriovenous communication and its drainage pathways may affect the clinic presentation and change treatment approach. We evaluated drainage patterns of CCFs by digital subtraction angiography (DSA) and categorized drainage pathways according to their types and etiology. Materials and Methods. Venous drainage patterns of 13 CCFs from 10 subjects were studied and categorized as anterior, posterior, superior, inferior, and contralateral on DSA. Drainage patterns were correlated to types and etiology of CCFs. Diagnosis of CCFs was first made by noninvasive imaging techniques. Results. On DSA, traumatic CCFs were usually high flow, direct type while spontaneous CCFs were usually slow flow, indirect type. Bilaterality and mixed types were observed among the indirect spontaneous CCFs. In all CCFs, anterior and inferior drainages were the most common. Contrary to the literature, posterior and superior drainages were noted only in high flow and long standing direct fistulas. Contralateral drainage was not observed in all, supporting plausible compartmentalization of cavernous sinuses. Conclusion. Types, etiology, and duration of the CCFs may affect their drainage patterns. DSA is valuable for categorization of CCFs and verification of drainage patterns. Drainage pathways may affect the clinic presentation and also change treatment approach. PMID:24967298

  6. Endovascular Treatment of Tentorial Dural Arteriovenous Fistulae

    PubMed Central

    Wajnberg, E.; Spilberg, G.; Rezende, M.T.; Abud, D.G; Kessler, I.; Mounayer, C.

    2012-01-01

    Summary Tentorial dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) is a rare vascular disease, which accounts for less than 4% of all cases of intracranial DAVF. Because of the high risk of intracranial hemorrhage, patients with tentorial DAVF need aggressive treatment. Management approaches are still controversial, and endovascular treatment has emerged as an effective alternative. In the current work, we describe our experience with the endovascular approach in the treatment of these deep and complex DAVF of the tentorium. Eight patients were treated between January 2006 and July 2009. Six patients (75%) presented with intracranial hemorrhage related to the DAVF rupture. Four patients (50%) had subarachnoid bleeding and two had intraparenchymal hematoma. Endovascular treatment was performed via the transarterial route alone in five cases (62.5%), by the transvenous approach in two cases (25.0%) and in a combined procedure using both arterial and venous routes in one patient (12.5%). Complete obliteration of the fistula was achieved in all cases. The outcome at 15 months was favorable (modified Rankin scale 0-3) in seven (87.5%) patients. Complete cure of the lesion was confirmed in these cases. This paper reports on the effectiveness of endovascular treatment in tentorial DAVF management. The choice of the venous versus the arterial approach is determined by regarding different anatomical dispositions. PMID:22440602

  7. Cutaneous Bronchobiliary Fistula Treated with Tissucol Sealant

    SciTech Connect

    Prieto-Nieto, M. I., E-mail: iprieto@intermic.com; Perez-Robledo, J. P., E-mail: jperezrob@yahoo.es [La Paz Teaching Hospital, Department of General and Digestive Surgery (Spain); Alvarez-Luque, A., E-mail: luque600@hotmail.com; Suz, J. I. Acitores, E-mail: radisuzser@terra.es; Torres, J. Novo, E-mail: Joan-novo-t@ono.com [La Paz Teaching Hospital, Department of Interventional Radiology (Spain)

    2011-02-15

    Bronchobiliary fistula is a rare and is an uncommon but severe complication of hydatid disease of the liver. Treatment has traditionally been surgical resection, but embolization and stent placement have been described. The invasive method seems to be a key component of patient treatment. We describe a case of a 58-year-old woman who, 25 years before, had undergone surgery for a hydatid cyst. A total cystectomy without previous puncture or parasite extraction was carried out. The lower aspect of the cyst was found to be completely perforated over the biliary duct. During the postoperative course, the patient had subphrenic right-sided pleural effusion and biliary fistula that subsided with medical treatment. Afterward, the patient came to the outpatient area of our hospital complaining of leakage of purulent exudate through the cutaneous opening, pain located on the right hypochondrium radiating to the right hemithorax, malaise, fever, chronic cough, and occasional vomiting of bile. Fistulography revealed an anfractuous cavity communicating with a residual cystic cavity on the right hepatic lobe. We observed communication with the intrahepatic canaliculi. Computed tomographic scan revealed a fistulous tract on the anterior liver border through the abdominal wall. There were no posttreatment complications. The patient is asymptomatic.

  8. Venous drainage patterns in carotid cavernous fistulas.

    PubMed

    Aralasmak, Ayse; Karaali, Kamil; Cevikol, Can; Senol, Utku; Sindel, Timur; Toprak, Huseyin; Ozdemir, Huseyin; Alkan, Alpay

    2014-01-01

    Purpose. The carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF) is an abnormal arteriovenous communication and its drainage pathways may affect the clinic presentation and change treatment approach. We evaluated drainage patterns of CCFs by digital subtraction angiography (DSA) and categorized drainage pathways according to their types and etiology. Materials and Methods. Venous drainage patterns of 13 CCFs from 10 subjects were studied and categorized as anterior, posterior, superior, inferior, and contralateral on DSA. Drainage patterns were correlated to types and etiology of CCFs. Diagnosis of CCFs was first made by noninvasive imaging techniques. Results. On DSA, traumatic CCFs were usually high flow, direct type while spontaneous CCFs were usually slow flow, indirect type. Bilaterality and mixed types were observed among the indirect spontaneous CCFs. In all CCFs, anterior and inferior drainages were the most common. Contrary to the literature, posterior and superior drainages were noted only in high flow and long standing direct fistulas. Contralateral drainage was not observed in all, supporting plausible compartmentalization of cavernous sinuses. Conclusion. Types, etiology, and duration of the CCFs may affect their drainage patterns. DSA is valuable for categorization of CCFs and verification of drainage patterns. Drainage pathways may affect the clinic presentation and also change treatment approach. PMID:24967298

  9. [External intestinal fistulae. Clinical treatment. Surgical treatment].

    PubMed

    Traverso, H D; Molmenti, L A

    1981-01-01

    There are 105 cases shown, all of them as a consequence of surgical operations or external traumatisms or surgery in the duodenum, jejunum, ileum and colon. These 105 cases were divided into two major groups: 1) simple and 2) multiple. 76 of the first group and 29 of the second group were treated. An equal therapeutic criterion was followed independently of the etiology. In the first stage the surgical cleaning of the wound was made and it was washed and vacuum cleaned with a solution of lactic acid. The surgery is only used in the complicated cases. The nutrition intravenous therapeutic of hidroelectrolitic and blood volume replacement was installed, besides, this system is used for the antibiotheraphy. The success of the parenteral nutrition depends upon the control of the sepsis. In cases where it is possible, the enteral nutrition is started only after 10 days of treatment. Before surgery on the fistula, the medical treatment is maintained, at least, during 4 weeks, which in some cases could be extended up to a maximum of six months. The fistula reappears again when the surgery is performed too soon. When the process is restrained, the nutritive condition is improved and the sepsis is controlled, the surgery takes place to reestablish the intestinal passage. The 47,7% of the cases recovered with only medical treatment. It is evident that late surgery improves the results, since of 22 cases, where surgery was performed, 86,3% cured, and which in turn represents 18% of the total cases. PMID:6798807

  10. The medical ethics of the 'father of gynaecology', Dr J Marion Sims.

    PubMed Central

    Ojanuga, D

    1993-01-01

    Vesico-vaginal fistula (VVF) was a common ailment among American women in the 19th century. Prior to that time, no successful surgery had been developed for the cure of this condition until Dr J Marion Sims perfected a successful surgical technique in 1849. Dr Sims used female slaves as research subjects over a four-year period of experimentation (1845-1849). This paper discusses the controversy surrounding his use of powerless women and whether his actions were acceptable during that historical period. PMID:8459435

  11. Evolution of Computed Tomography Findings in Secondary Aortoenteric Fistula

    PubMed Central

    Bas, Ahmet; Simsek, Osman; Kandemirli, Sedat Giray; Rafiee, Babak; Gulsen, Fatih; Numan, Furuzan

    2015-01-01

    Aortoenteric fistula is a rare but significant clinical entity associated with high morbidity and mortality if remain untreated. Clinical presentation and imaging findings may be subtle and prompt diagnosis can be difficult. Herein, we present a patient who initially presented with abdominal pain and computed tomography showed an aortic aneurysm compressing duodenum without any air bubbles. One month later, the patient presented with gastrointestinal bleeding and computed tomography revealed air bubbles within aneurysm. With a diagnosis of aortoenteric fistula, endovascular aneurysm repair was carried out. This case uniquely presented the computed tomography findings in progression of an aneurysm to an aortoenteric fistula. PMID:25901259

  12. Lived experiences of Ghanaian women with obstetric fistula.

    PubMed

    Mwini-Nyaledzigbor, Prudence P; Agana, Alice A; Pilkington, F Beryl

    2013-01-01

    Obstetric fistula is a worldwide problem that is devastating for women. This qualitative descriptive study explores the experiences of Ghanaian women who sustained obstetric fistula during childbirth. In-depth interviews were conducted with 10 participants. The resultant themes include cultural beliefs and practices surrounding prolonged labor in childbirth, barriers to delivering at a health care facility, and the challenges of living with obstetric fistula, including psychosocial, socioeconomic, physical, and health care access issues. Recommendations include strategies to address this complex problem, including education of men and women on safe motherhood practices, training of traditional birth attendants (TBAs), and improving access to health care. PMID:23641897

  13. Endoscopic management of a chronic ureterocutaneous fistula using cyanoacrylic glue

    PubMed Central

    Abdulwahab–Ahmed, Abdullah; El Mahdey, Alla El Deen

    2014-01-01

    Ureterocutaneous fistula is a rare complication of renal surgery. Cyanoacrylate glue is a tissue adhesive, used primarily for the endoscopic control of bleeding from gastric varices. A female aged 33 presented to our facility with a ureterocutaneous fistula after surgery. We used a retrograde endoscopic approach for the instillation of 2 ml of sealant into the ureteral lumen to seal the ureter and fistulous tract. The fistulous opening healed spontaneously a week after the procedure, and the patient remained dry and symptom free for 5 months following the procedure. Endoscopic delivery of cyanoacrylate sealant was a feasible and effective way in treating a ureterocutaneous fistula in our patient. PMID:25667771

  14. Characterisation of the vaginal Lactobacillus microbiota associated with preterm delivery

    PubMed Central

    Petricevic, Ljubomir; Domig, Konrad J.; Nierscher, Franz Josef; Sandhofer, Michael J.; Fidesser, Maria; Krondorfer, Iris; Husslein, Peter; Kneifel, Wolfgang; Kiss, Herbert

    2014-01-01

    The presence of an abnormal vaginal microflora in early pregnancy is a risk factor for preterm delivery. There is no investigation on vaginal flora dominated by lactic acid bacteria and possible association with preterm delivery. We assessed the dominant vaginal Lactobacillus species in healthy pregnant women in early pregnancy in relation to pregnancy outcome. We observed 111 low risk pregnant women with a normal vaginal microflora 11 + 0 to 14 + 0 weeks of pregnancy without subjective complaints. Vaginal smears were taken for the identification of lactobacilli using denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE). Pregnancy outcome was recorded as term or preterm delivery (limit 36 + 6 weeks of gestation). The diversity of Lactobacillus species in term vs. preterm was the main outcome measure. L. iners alone was detected in 11 from 13 (85%) women who delivered preterm. By contrast, L. iners alone was detected in only 16 from 98 (16%) women who delivered at term (p < 0.001). Fifty six percent women that delivered at term and 8% women that delivered preterm had two or more vaginal Lactobacillus spp. at the same time. This study suggests that dominating L. iners alone detected in vaginal smears of healthy women in early pregnancy might be associated with preterm delivery. PMID:24875844

  15. Effects of estroprogestins containing natural estrogen on vaginal flora.

    PubMed

    De Seta, Francesco; Restaino, Stefano; Banco, Rubina; Conversano, Ester; De Leo, Rossella; Tonon, Maddalena; Maso, Gianpaolo; Barbati, Giulia; Lello, Stefano

    2014-11-01

    Estroprogestins with "natural oestrogen" has represented a new option in terms of combined hormonal contraception. So, the aim of this study is to investigate how estroprogestins with natural estrogen may modify the vaginal niche. In literature, very few studies focused on the interaction between hormonal contraception and vaginal milieu. This is a prospective comparative study. We enrolled 60 women from January 2013 to September 2013, 30 of them were administered estradiol valerate dienogest (E2V+DNG - Klaira®) in a quadriphasic regimen, while the other 30 women were administered 17-? estradiol with nomestrol acetate (EV+NOMAC - Zoely®) in a monophasic regimen. After a baseline study of vaginal milieu at recruitment of patients (Gram stain with Nugent score, vaginal pH, vaginal wet mount for the quantification of leukocytes, Lactobacilli and/or presence of Candida), we performed the same follow-up after six months of estroprogestin therapy. Our results showed that the women treated with E2V+DNG had a trend of an improvement of vaginal health in terms of increase of lactobacillar flora and reduction of vaginal pH in place of women treated with EV+NOMAC that showed a reduction of cervical mucus. Finally, our data about the effects on vaginal flora exerted by two estroprogestin pills (EPs) containing a natural estrogen suggest slight, but interesting differences in terms of vaginal ecology. These differences could be related to the type of estrogen, type of progestin, regimen of administration and, after all, to the net balance between estrogenic and progestin component of the EPs. PMID:24993504

  16. A comparative study of Neo Sampoon, Ortho Vaginal Tablets and Emko Vaginal Tablets in Accra, Ghana.

    PubMed

    Lamptey, P; Klufio, C; Smith, S C; Feldblum, P J

    1985-11-01

    Neo Sampoon is an effervescent contraceptive vaginal tablet manufactured in Japan that contains 60 mg of the spermicide menfegol. Ortho Vaginal Tablets (OVT) and Emko Vaginal Tablets (EVT), both containing 100 mg of the spermicide nonoxynol-9, were manufactured in the USA. The three products were compared in a randomized clinical trial conducted at the family planning clinics of the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital and the Kotobaabi Polyclinic in Accra, Ghana. Three-hundred volunteers participated. At 12 months, the life-table pregnancy rates were 9.6, 11.3 and 12.5 per 100 women in the Neo Sampoon, OVT and EVT groups, respectively (p greater than 0.10). More EVT than Neo Sampoon or OVT users discontinued because of discomfort as well as for other product-related reasons (p less than 0.01). The most common reason for discontinuation was the temporary absence of sexual partner, with more than 40% of the women overall terminating for this reason. The 12-month life-table continuation rates per 100 women were higher for the Neo Sampoon group (62.4) than the OVT group (48.6) or the EVT group (38.5) (p less than 0.01). The effectiveness of the three products seems to be similar, but Neo Sampoon and OVT appear to be more acceptable than EVT in this Ghanaian population. PMID:3002720

  17. Formation of Abnormal Fistula on Arteriovenous Fistula in a Patient with Buttonhole Cannulation: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Cao, Wen; Chen, Lin; Shi, Mei; Zhou, Li; Fu, Ping

    2015-01-01

    Buttonhole cannulation has been suggested as a technique that may lead to a reduction in many complications when compared with other techniques such as rope-ladder cannulation. Despite all above, some complications still continue, which may lead to a dysfunction of the arteriovenous fistula (AVF) and inadequate dialysis, having an impact on the quality of life of the patients or eventually making the vascular access unusable. We report a 47-year-old Chinese male with end-stage renal disease who had maintenance hemodialysis three times a week for 5 years. The AVF on the left wrist was operated 5 years ago and proved to be functionally effective with some monitoring and surveillance measures in the fourth year of hemodialysis. Two months later, the buttonhole cannulation technique was applied due to fistula punctuation difficulty by previous aneurysmal dilatation. After 10 times of buttonhole cannulation, the edema on the left forearm of the patient indicated a dysfunction of the AVF. This was further confirmed by the HD02 hemodialysis monitor and a vascular ultrasound, revealing a recirculation of 87%, an abnormal fistula between the AVF and the vein together with thrombus, and aneurysmal dilatation near the anastomosis. The site of cannulation was changed to avoid heavy recirculation (reduced to 25%), and a new AVF on the left wrist was successfully operated. Abnormal fistula on the AVF and vein during buttonhole cannulation is rarely reported, which reminds us that vascular access surveillance should be done regularly before and during the process of construction to find a possible dysfunction of the AVF in patients undergoing buttonhole cannulation.

  18. A system-wide initiative to prevent retained vaginal sponges.

    PubMed

    Chagolla, Brenda A; Gibbs, Verna C; Keats, John P; Pelletreau, Barbara

    2011-01-01

    As any perinatal nurse knows, retained vaginal sponges are an obstetrical and postpartum patient safety problem. As surgical sponge counts are not routine in some obstetrical units for vaginal births, our healthcare system chose to institute a rigorous process to eliminate retained sponges in all vaginal births. This article describes this process, along with the lessons learned, when Catholic Healthcare West implemented the Sponge ACCOUNTing System in its 32 hospitals in California, Arizona, and Nevada. Implementation of this process involved the standardization of practice for obstetricians, certified nurse midwives, nurses, obstetric technicians, radiologists, and radiology technicians in the management and accounting of surgical sponges. PMID:21857202

  19. Vaginal intercourse frequency and heart rate variability.

    PubMed

    Brody, Stuart; Preut, Ragnar

    2003-01-01

    We examined the relationship between recalled and diary recorded frequency of penile-vaginal intercourse (FSI) and both resting heart rate variability (HRV; an index of cardiac autonomic control and parasympathetic tone associated with cardiovascular health outcomes) and resting diastolic blood pressure (DBP) in 120 healthy adults aged 19-38 (subjects scoring above the 87th percentile on the Lie scale of the Eysenck Personality Inventory were excluded from analyses). As in a previous smaller study, greater HRV was associated with greater FSI (but not masturbation or non-coital sex with a partner) and rated importance of intercourse. There were no sex differences in the HRV-FSI relationship, and the relationship was not explained by including measures of Extraversion, Neuroticism, Depression, Trait Anxiety, or partnership satisfaction. However, the previously obtained negative association of FSI with DBP was not replicated. PMID:14504008

  20. Improving Vaginal Examinations Performed by Midwives

    PubMed Central

    Muliira, Rhoda S.; Seshan, Vidya; Ramasubramaniam, Shanthi

    2013-01-01

    A vaginal examination (VE) is an essential part of midwifery care, and is routinely performed when assessing the progress of labour. As evidence shows that during labour women may find VEs unpleasant, embarrassing and sometimes painful, the aim of this article is to review literature on the use of VEs during labour and to synthesise information from the available literature on how to provide an effective VE. The studies considered were retrieved from three databases (the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature [CINAHL], SCOPUS and MEDLINE) using the following search terms: “VEs in labour”, “midwives and use of VEs” and “women experiences of VEs in labour”. The literature reviewed suggests that midwives are not careful about VEs. Therefore, a concerted effort is needed to pay attention to the frequency of VEs, the management of pain and distress, information-giving and the preferences of the patient, so that the patient can feel in control during a VE. PMID:23984031

  1. [Vaginal sonography as a method of study in the evaluation of cervix insufficiency. A useful complement to vaginal palpation?].

    PubMed

    Böhmer, S; Degenhardt, F; Gerlach, C; Behrens, O; Mühlhaus, K

    1989-02-01

    In a clinical study a group of pregnant women with suspected cervical incompetence was examined by vaginal sonography. Aim of the investigation was to compare results of performed vaginal palpation with results of sonography. 53 pregnant women between 20th und 31st week of gestation were examined by a 5 MHz vaginal sector-scanner probe. After focussing sagittal projection of uterine cervix and lower uterine segment the cervical length and opening of the internal os were assessed prior to cerclage. Postoperative vaginal sonography was performed to ascertain lengthening and stabilization of the incompetent cervix. Comparing results of vaginal palpation and vaginal sonography showed, that the cervical length obtained by sonography was constantly higher in all patients than the results obtained by palpation. This difference became more distinct in the group of patients with extreme cervical incompetence. We are of the opinion that vaginal sonography is an objective method revealing the extent of cervical incompetence. Exact measurement of the cervical length and assessment of the internal os are efficient diagnostic criteria. They complete results of cervical palpation and offer precise information concerning an intended cerclage. PMID:2652287

  2. Human epididymis protein 4 and secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor in vaginal fluid: relation to vaginal components and bacterial composition.

    PubMed

    Orfanelli, Theofano; Jayaram, Aswathi; Doulaveris, Georgios; Forney, Larry J; Ledger, William J; Witkin, Steven S

    2014-04-01

    Human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) is a protease inhibitor and a recently identified serum biomarker for ovarian cancer. Properties of HE4 in the genital tract of healthy women have not been evaluated. We evaluated associations between HE4 and a second vaginal protease inhibitor, secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor (SLPI), with vaginal concentrations of innate immune mediators or proteases and with the types of vaginal bacterial communities. Vaginal secretions were collected from 18 healthy reproductive age women and assayed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for concentrations of HE4, SLPI, kallikrein 5, cathepsin B, interleukin 1? (IL-1), IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1 ra), mannose-binding lectin (MBL), the inducible 70-kDa heat shock protein, and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-8. The species composition of vaginal bacterial communities in 16 women was characterized by sequencing amplicons derived from 16S bacterial ribosomal RNA genes. Correlations between any 2 assays were analyzed by the Spearman rank correlation tests. Differences in the concentrations of HE4 and SLPI, and between soluble components and vaginal community types, were analyzed by the Mann-Whitney U tests. Vaginal HE4 concentrations, but not SLPI levels, were positively correlated with levels of IL-1? (P = .0152), IL-1ra (P = .0061), MBL (P = .0100), and MMP-8 (P = .0315). The median vaginal HE4 level, as well as concentrations of MBL, IL-1?, IL-1ra, and MMP-8, was highest when Gardnerella vaginalis dominated a vaginal community. The association between HE4, elevated levels of proteases, immune mediators and high proportions of G vaginalis strongly suggests that HE4 is a component of the proinflammatory immune response in the female genital tract. PMID:24023032

  3. Refractory acute suppurative thyroiditis secondary to pyriform sinus fistula

    PubMed Central

    Seo, Jee Hyue; Yang, Sei Won; Kim, Hyun Young

    2014-01-01

    Acute suppurative thyroiditis is a rare disease because the thyroid gland is remarkably resistant to infection. We present a 2-year-old girl with refractory acute suppurative thyroiditis due to a pyriform sinus fistula (PSF). She complained of fever and painful anterior neck swelling. Her condition did not completely improved by multiple parenteral antibiotics along with incision and drainage. Barium esophagogram to detect PSF demonstrated no specific finding. Computed tomography scan showed air bubble superior to the left thyroid gland which indicated a possible fistula connected to the pyriform sinus. An intraoperative laryngoscopy revealed a 2-mm-sized fistula opening. The fistula was successfully treated by chemocauterization with trichloroacetic acid. PMID:25077095

  4. Fatal aorto-esophageal fistula in child: a case report.

    PubMed

    Pehlivan, Sultan; Kara, Dogus Ozdemir; Turkkan, Dilhan; Akçan, Ramazan; Gokmen, Asude; Akduman, Baris; Karapirli, Mustafa

    2014-02-01

    Esophageal foreign body ingestion is especially frequent in childhood and may cause fatal complications in case of late diagnosis and delayed treatment. We present a case of 2-year old girl who was admitted to emergency department with massive bleeding. However, she died due to an unrecognized foreign body resulted an aorto-esophageal fistula. At autopsy an aorto-esophageal fistula was detected by gross examination. Tissue samples were obtained from the organs and fistula region. In histopathological examination, a calcified body with multinucleated giant cell and surrounding granulation tissue was detected at the bleeding site. An ulcerated fistula tract ran from the intima to the adventitia, passing through layers of esophageal wall was also noticed. The mortality rate for foreign body ingestion is less than 1%, except in cases of perforation. Therefore the presented case is among rare examples of fatal foreign body ingestions. PMID:24485434

  5. Endovascular treatment of carotid cavernous sinus fistula: A systematic review

    PubMed Central

    Korkmazer, Bora; Kocak, Burak; Tureci, Ercan; Islak, Civan; Kocer, Naci; Kizilkilic, Osman

    2013-01-01

    Carotid cavernous sinus fistulas are abnormal communications between the carotid system and the cavernous sinus. Several classification schemes have described carotid cavernous sinus fistulas according to etiology, hemodynamic features, or the angiographic arterial architecture. Increased pressure within the cavernous sinus appears to be the main factor in pathophysiology. The clinical features are related to size, exact location, and duration of the fistula, adequacy and route of venous drainage and the presence of arterial/venous collaterals. Noninvasive imaging (computed tomography, magnetic resonance, computed tomography angiography, magnetic resonance angiography, Doppler) is often used in the initial work-up of a possible carotid cavernous sinus fistulas. Cerebral angiography is the gold standard for the definitive diagnosis, classification, and planning of treatment for these lesions. The endovascular approach has evolved as the mainstay therapy for definitive treatment in situations including clinical emergencies. Conservative treatment, surgery and radiosurgery constitute other management options for these lesions. PMID:23671750

  6. Surgical management of rectovaginal fistulas in Crohn's disease.

    PubMed

    Bandy, L C; Addison, A; Parker, R T

    1983-10-15

    An analysis of 15 patients with rectovaginal fistulas complicating Crohn's disease, who were managed at Duke Medical Center between 1966 and 1979, is presented. The experience reported suggests that, in carefully selected patients, and with proper timing of operative intervention, the role of primary repair of these fistulas may be more important and yield greater success than is generally maintained in the literature. Selection of the patients, perioperative management, and surgical technique are discussed. PMID:6624806

  7. Diagnosis and Management of Traumatic Aorto–Right Ventricular Fistulas

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Louis E Samuels; Marla S Kaufman; Jose Rodriguez-Vega; Rohinton J Morris; Stanley K Brockman

    1998-01-01

    Background. Traumatic aorto–right ventricular (Ao-RV) fistulas are rare lesions that result in congestive heart failure if left untreated. Early diagnosis and prompt surgical intervention are required to avoid the natural outcome of cardiac decompensation.Methods. All cases of traumatic Ao-RV fistula described in the English literature since 1958 were reviewed. The clinical presentation, methods of diagnosis, and treatment strategies were assessed

  8. Indirect internal carotid-cavernous fistula in infancy.

    PubMed

    Ghodasra, Devon H; Katowitz, James A; Liu, Grant T; Binenbaum, Gil

    2015-01-01

    A 4-month-old male infant with proptosis and episcleral injection initially thought to have orbital inflammation was found to have an indirect carotid-cavernous sinus fistula. He was treated conservatively without worsening of symptoms. The authors report the first case of indirect carotid-cavernous sinus fistula in an infant originating from the internal carotid artery. [J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2015;52:e11-e13.]. PMID:25751239

  9. Bronchoscopic location of bronchopleural fistula with /sup 133/Xe

    SciTech Connect

    Lillington, G.A.; Stevens, R.P.; DeNardo, G.L.

    1982-04-01

    Successful application of the technique of transbronchoscopic endobronchial occlusion of a persistent bronchopleural fistula requires an accurate determination of the segmental location of the air leak. This was achieved by injections of small boluses of /sup 133/Xe into a number of segmental bronchi through a fiber-optic bronchoscope. Following the instillation of /sup 133/Xe into the segmental bronchus leading to the fistula, there was a marked increase in radioactivity in the intercostal drainage tube.

  10. Bronchoscopic location of bronchopleural fistula with xenon-133

    SciTech Connect

    Lillington, G.A.; Stevens, R.P.; DeNardo, G.L.

    1982-04-01

    Successful application of the technique of transbronchoscopic endobronchial occlusion of a persistent bronchopleural fistula requires an accurate determination of the segmental location of the air leak. This was achieved by injections of small boluses of Xe-133 into a number of segmental bronchi through a fiber-optic bronchoscope. Following the instillation of Xe-133 into the segmental bronchus leading to the fistula, there was a marked increase in radioactivity in the intercostal drainage tube.

  11. Endovascular treatment of direct carotid cavernous fistulae: a pictorial review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Arun K. Gupta; Sukalyan Purkayastha; T. Krishnamoorthy; Narendra K. Bodhey; T. R. Kapilamoorthy; C. Kesavadas; Bejoy Thomas

    2006-01-01

    Introduction  Direct carotid-cavernous fistulae (CCFs) are type A fistulae according to Barrow’s classification. Endovascular treatment of these lesions is challenging.Methods  The purpose of this review was to evaluate the endovascular treatment of direct CCFs. We also describe the technique, symptomatology and complications associated with the procedure and report on the long-term follow-up in our treated patients.Results  A total of 89 patients with a

  12. Direct Carotid Cavernous Fistula in Infancy: Presentation and Treatment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ansaar T. Rai; Jennifer A. Sivak-Callcott; Chris Larzo; Gary D. Marano

    Summary: An 11-month-old female patient presented with symptoms of orbital venous congestion. A CT scan showed enlarged superior ophthalmic vein and cavernous sinus on the symptomatic side. Catheter angiography confirmed a direct carotid-cavernous fistula with intra- and extracra- nial venous drainage. Successful coil embolization of the fistula was performed with resolution of the infant's symp- toms and return of previously

  13. Isolated Congenital Urethrocutaneous Fistula of the Anterior Urethra

    PubMed Central

    Kamal, Mir Reza; Mandal, Soumendra Nath; Karmakar, Dilip

    2011-01-01

    Isolated congenital urethrocutaneous fistula of the anterior urethra is an extremely rare anomaly in which, along with a normal urethra and meatus, a fistula is present. These cases usually present in the pediatric age group. To date, only one such case has been described in the adult population. We describe one such case in an adult and discuss the management of this uncommon anomaly. PMID:21687400

  14. [Radiologic diagnosis of enterosalpingeal fistula complicating Crohn's disease].

    PubMed

    Bedioui, H; Nouira, K; Chaker, Y; Chebbi, F; Ksantini, R; Daghfous, A; Rebai, W; Fteriche, F; Ammous, A; Jouini, M; Kacem, M J; BenSafta, Z

    2008-02-01

    Enterosalpingeal fistula is a rare complication of Crohn's disease which is rarely diagnosed preoperatively. We describe a new case of this complication suspected by CT scan and confirmed by hysterosalpingogram and contrast from the ileum. This case is about a 50-year-old woman suffering from ileal Crohn's disease diagnosed two years previously and actually complicated by stenosis and entero-salpingeal fistula. The treatment consisted on resection of the ileocaecal region with salpingectomy. Postoperative course was uneventful. PMID:18337036

  15. Gastrocolic fistula secondary to transverse colon cancer.

    PubMed

    Wang, Qisan; Jin, Bo; Ding, Yinlu

    2014-03-01

    Gastrocolic fistula (GCF) secondary to colon carcinoma is a rare entity. Establishing the diagnosis of GCF is difficult because it has nonspecific symptoms on admission. The characteristic triad of clinical manifestations includes diarrhoea, faeculent vomiting, and weight loss. Surgical treatment of GCF involves en-bloc resection of the involved regions and appropriate reconstruction procedures for malignant cases. The authors hereby report a 54-year-old man with a 2 months history of weight loss, watery diarrhoea, fecal halitosis and melena. Laboratory tests showed severe anaemia and hypoalbuminaemia. The GCF was detected successfully by CT scan, barium meal and colonoscopy, but could not be seen on gastroscopy. A radical en-bloc resection was performed and histological examinations revealed a low-differentiated adenocarcinoma of the colon. PMID:24717990

  16. Pericardioesophageal fistula following left atrial ablation procedure.

    PubMed

    Bailey, Christopher W; Tallaksen, Robert J

    2014-10-01

    We present a case of pericardioesophageal fistula formation in a 40 year old male who 23 days after undergoing a repeat ablation procedure for atrial fibrillation developed chest pressure, chills and diaphoresis. After initial labs and tests that demonstrated no evidence for acute myocardial ischemia, the patient underwent CT angiography of the chest. The study revealed pneumopericardium and a pericardial effusion. Suspicion was raised of perforation of the posterior left atrial myocardial wall with injury to adjacent esophagus. Water soluble contrast with transition to barium sulfate esophagram subsequently performed identified a perforation further affirming the postulate of a fistulous communication between the esophagus and pericardium. Transthoracic echocardiogram confirmed pericardial effusion but did not demonstrate myocardial defect. Endoscopic management was preferred and an esophageal stent was placed. Follow up esophagram showed an intact esophageal stent without evidence of extravasation. PMID:25426222

  17. [Bovine graft as arteriovenous fistula for hemodialysis].

    PubMed

    Zingher, E; Gianella, C; Colombi, A; Vogt, B

    1978-01-01

    We used the bovine carotid artery (BCA) as arteriovenous shunt for hemodialysis in 11 patients since December 1975. We discuss our results. For implantations we used two methods: straight and loop grafts. The BCA have many advantages as: good access for punction, anticoagulation not permanently necessary, volume of shunt more than 250 ml/min; the disadvantages are: increased tendence to infection and thrombosis. Thrombosis in BCA can be easier removed than in other grafts. Reduction of the complications incidence is possible with an accurate technique. We think that the BCA is very useful when Cimino-Brescia fistula has failed or is unavailable; we prefer BCA to a saphenous arteriovenous graft in these situations. PMID:624647

  18. [The meshes in the cure of cystocele by vaginal way].

    PubMed

    Delmas, V; Haab, F; Costa, P

    2009-12-01

    The advantages of vaginal way in the treatment of cystocele are simplicity, rapidity, peritoneal security. Raphy is subject to recidive. The meshes replace the weak fascia in its role of hammock (Delancey) for the bladder. The mesh covers the central and lateral fascial defects. The procedure consists in a short vertical colpotomy, vesicovaginal dissection, uterine preservation (if uterus is not pathologic), no vaginal excision. The mesh can be spread without fixation, fixed or anchored by arms in the obturator foramen. The results show a significative improvement in the risk of redux cystocele. Complications become less frequent with the expertise and quality of new meshes. Implants are a new vaginal evolving surgery: it must be evaluated by experts and practiced by experienced in vaginal approach surgeons. PMID:19969274

  19. Martius graft for management of exposed vaginal prolapse mesh.

    PubMed

    Al-Badr, Ahmed

    2013-01-01

    Although the use of vaginal mesh kits in treatment of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) has decreased the number of surgical failures, mesh exposure can occur. When conservative management fails, removing the exposed material is associated with the risk of recurrence of POP and could be challenging. We report a successful outcome of treatment of exposed mesh via use of a Martius bulbocavernosus fat pad. A 46-year-old woman had urinary incontinence and POP, which was treated using a vaginal mesh kit and tension-free vaginal tape. At 2 months after the procedure, the mesh was found to be exposed. After failed conservative management, use of a Martius graft was used, with preservation of the mesh. At 2-, 5-, and 10-month follow-up, the patient was completely asymptomatic and continent. This procedure may be a practical alternative in patients with synthetic mesh-induced vaginal erosion after failed conservative management. PMID:23295200

  20. Mucus-penetrating nanoparticles for vaginal and gastrointestinal drug delivery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ensign-Hodges, Laura

    A method that could provide more uniform and longer-lasting drug delivery to mucosal surfaces holds the potential to greatly improve the effectiveness of prophylactic and therapeutic approaches for numerous diseases and conditions, including sexually transmitted infections and inflammatory bowel disease. However, the body's natural defenses, including adhesive, rapidly cleared mucus linings coating nearly all entry points to the body not covered by skin, has limited the effectiveness of drug and gene delivery by nanoscale delivery systems. Here, we investigate the use of muco-inert mucus-penetrating nanoparticles (MPP) for improving vaginal and gastrointestinal drug delivery. Conventional hydrophobic nanoparticles strongly adhere to mucus, facilitating rapid clearance from the body. Here, we demonstrate that mucoadhesive polystyrene nanoparticles (conventional nanoparticles, CP) become mucus-penetrating in human cervicovaginal mucus (CVM) after pretreatment with sufficient concentrations of Pluronic F127. Importantly, the diffusion rate of large MPP did not change in F127 pretreated CVM, implying there is no affect on the native pore structure of CVM. Additionally, there was no increase in inflammatory cytokine release in the vaginal tract of mice after daily application of 1% F127 for one week. Importantly, HSV virus remains adherent in F127-pretreated CVM. Mucosal epithelia use osmotic gradients for fluid absorption and secretion. We hypothesized that hypotonically-induced fluid uptake could be advantageous for rapidly delivering drugs through mucus to the vaginal epithelium. We evaluated hypotonic formulations for delivering water-soluble drugs and for drug delivery with MPP. Hypotonic formulations markedly increased the rate at which drugs and MPP reached the epithelial surface. Additionally, hypotonic formulations greatly enhanced drug and MPP delivery to the entire epithelial surface, including deep into the vaginal folds (rugae) that isotonic formulations failed to reach. However, hypotonic formulations caused free drugs to be drawn through the epithelium, reducing vaginal retention. In contrast, hypotonic formulations caused MPP to accumulate rapidly and uniformly on vaginal surfaces, ideally positioned for sustained drug delivery. Using a mouse model of vaginal genital herpes (HSV-2) infection, we found that hypotonic delivery of free drug led to improved immediate protection, but diminished longer-term protection. Minimally hypotonic formulations provided rapid and uniform delivery of MPP to the entire vaginal surface, thus enabling formulations with minimal risk of epithelial toxicity. We then describe an ex vivo method for characterizing particle transport on freshly excised mucosal tissues. By directly observing MPP transport on vaginal, gastrointestinal, and respiratory tissue, we were able to determine an innate difference in mucus mesh size at different anatomical locations. In addition, we were able to optimize particle size for gastrointestinal delivery in mice. As described here, there are numerous barriers to effective drug delivery in the gastrointestinal tract, including the mucus barrier. We go on to demonstrate that MPP can improve delivery in the gastrointestinal tract, both by rectal and oral administration. Finally, we describe the use of MPP for improving vaginal drug delivery. Incomplete drug coverage and short duration of action limit the effectiveness of vaginally administered drugs, including microbicides for preventing sexually transmitted infections. We show that MPP provide uniform distribution over the vaginal epithelium, whereas CP are aggregated by mouse vaginal mucus, leading to poor distribution. By penetrating into the deepest mucus layers in the rugae, more MPP were retained in the vaginal tract compared to CP. After 24 h, when delivered in a conventional vaginal gel, patches of a model drug remained on the vaginal epithelium, whereas the epithelium was coated with drug delivered by MPP. We then demonstrate that when administered 30 min prior to inoculum, anti-HSV-2 MPP protected

  1. Vaginal pH: Home-Use Tests

    MedlinePLUS

    ... provide a more thorough assessment of your vaginal status through your history, physical exam, and other laboratory tests than you can using a single pH test in your home. Useful Links MedlinePlus: ...

  2. Trichomoniasis as Seen in a Chronic Vaginitis Clinic

    PubMed Central

    Dan, Michael

    1996-01-01

    Objective: We sought to determine the clinical and laboratory features of trichomonas vaginitis (TV) in a chronic vaginitis clinic. Methods: We studied 45 women with symptomatic TV attending a specialty chronic vaginitis clinic. These patients were older than the usual symptomatic patients with TV. They frequently described unusual chronicity of symptoms, half being referred because of clinical resistance and the other half referred because of chronic vaginitis of unknown etiology. Results: In spite of the chronicity of infection, the signs and symptoms of florid inflammation were still evident and high numbers of polymorphonuclear leukocytes and parasitic load were present. Conclusions: A longstanding infection, especially if previously untreated, invariably responded to conventional nitroimidazole therapy. In addition, the majority of patients seen with clinical resistance to the conventional doses of metronidazole responded to high-dose oral metronidazole therapy. Unsuspected TV should always be considered in low-risk patients with chronic vulvovaginal symptoms. PMID:18476071

  3. HPV-Associated Vaginal Cancer Rates by Race and Ethnicity

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Is Doing Related Links Stay Informed Rates by Race and Ethnicity for Other Kinds of Cancer All ... Cancer Home HPV-Associated Vaginal Cancer Rates by Race and Ethnicity Language: English Español (Spanish) Recommend on ...

  4. Management of Vaginal Atrophy: Implications from the REVIVE Survey

    PubMed Central

    Wysocki, Susan; Kingsberg, Sheryl; Krychman, Michael

    2014-01-01

    Vulvar and vaginal atrophy (VVA) is a chronic and progressive medical condition common in postmenopausal women. Symptoms of VVA such as dyspareunia, vaginal dryness, irritation, and itching can negatively impact sexual function and quality of life. The REVIVE (REal Women’s VIews of Treatment Options for Menopausal Vaginal ChangEs) survey assessed knowledge about VVA and recorded attitudes about interactions with healthcare providers (HCPs) and available treatment options for VVA. The REVIVE survey identified unmet needs of women with VVA symptoms such as poor understanding of the condition, poor communication with HCPs despite the presence of vaginal symptoms, and concerns about the safety, convenience, and efficacy of available VVA treatments. HCPs can address these unmet needs by proactively identifying patients with VVA and educating them about the condition as well as discussing treatment preferences and available therapies for VVA. PMID:24987271

  5. Diversity of the Vaginal Microbiome Correlates With Preterm Birth

    PubMed Central

    Hyman, Richard W.; Fukushima, Marilyn; Jiang, Hui; Fung, Eula; Rand, Larry; Johnson, Brittni; Vo, Kim Chi; Caughey, Aaron B.; Hilton, Joan F.; Davis, Ronald W.; Giudice, Linda C.

    2014-01-01

    Reproductive tract infection is a major initiator of preterm birth (PTB). The objective of this prospective cohort study of 88 participants was to determine whether PTB correlates with the vaginal microbiome during pregnancy. Total DNA was purified from posterior vaginal fornix swabs during gestation. The 16S ribosomal RNA gene was amplified using polymerase chain reaction primers, followed by chain-termination sequencing. Bacteria were identified by comparing contig consensus sequences with the Ribosomal Database Project. Dichotomous responses were summarized via proportions and continuous variables via means ± standard deviation. Mean Shannon Diversity index differed by Welch t test (P = .00016) between caucasians with PTB and term gestation. Species diversity was greatest among African Americans (P = .0045). Change in microbiome/Lactobacillus content and presence of putative novel/noxious bacteria did not correlate with PTB. We conclude that uncultured vaginal bacteria play an important role in PTB and race/ethnicity and sampling location are important determinants of the vaginal microbiome. PMID:23715799

  6. Massive Delayed Vaginal Hemorrhage after Laparoscopic Supracervical Hysterectomy

    PubMed Central

    Holloran-Schwartz, M. Brigid; Potter, Shannon J.; Kao, Ming-Shian

    2012-01-01

    Background. A known complication of supracervical hysterectomy is cyclical bleeding from the retained cervix when functioning endometrial tissue is not totally removed. We present a rare case of delayed postoperative vaginal hemorrhage after supracervical hysterectomy. Case. A 44-year-old woman presented on postoperative day 15 after laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy with massive vaginal hemorrhage requiring emergent re-operation. Her bleeding was controlled with vaginally placed sutures. Ultrasound confirmed no intraperitoneal free fluid. The etiology was thought to be induced by postoperative tissue necrosis from cautery applied to the endocervical canal during the original surgery. Conclusion. Delayed vaginal hemorrhage from a retained cervix is a rare complication of laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy. Caution should be exercised when cauterizing the endocervical canal as induced tissue necrosis may increase the risk of postoperative bleeding. PMID:22919525

  7. Postpartum Prolapsed Leiomyoma with Uterine Inversion Managed by Vaginal Hysterectomy

    PubMed Central

    Pieh-Holder, Kelly L.; DeVente, James E.

    2014-01-01

    Background. Uterine inversion is a rare, but life threatening, obstetrical emergency which occurs when the uterine fundus collapses into the endometrial cavity. Various conservative and surgical therapies have been outlined in the literature for the management of uterine inversions. Case. We present a case of a chronic, recurrent uterine inversion, which was diagnosed following spontaneous vaginal delivery and recurred seven weeks later. The uterine inversion was likely due to a leiomyoma. This late-presenting, chronic, recurring uterine inversion was treated with a vaginal hysterectomy. Conclusion. Uterine inversions can occur in both acute and chronic phases. Persistent vaginal bleeding with the appearance of a prolapsing fibroid should prompt further investigation for uterine inversion and may require surgical therapy. A vaginal hysterectomy may be an appropriate management option in select populations and may be considered in women who do not desire to maintain reproductive function. PMID:25379314

  8. Traumatic rectourethral fistula repair: A potential application of porcine small intestinal submucosa.

    PubMed

    Rajaian, Shanmugasundaram; Rajadoss, Muthukrishna Pandian; Nayak, Sukriya; Kekre, Nitin S

    2013-04-01

    Rectourethral fistula is an uncommon but devastating condition. Traumatic rectourethral fistula is still uncommon and repair of traumatic rectourethral fistula involves a complex procedure. Most of the urologists would prefer to repair the fistula through perineal route especially when urethral reconstruction is also required. The repaired ends of the fistula are separated with various interposition flaps and grafts in order to prevent recurrence. Gracilis interposition muscle flap is commonly used. We describe the first case of traumatic rectourethral fistula repair in a 45-year-old man using interposition of a porcine small intestinal submucosal (Biodesign™ (Surgisis(®)) graft. PMID:23956521

  9. Anesthetic management of a patient with aortocaval fistula.

    PubMed

    Morikawa, Keiko; Setoguchi, Hidekazu; Yoshino, Jun; Motoyama, Masaiwa; Makizono, Reiko; Yokoo, Tomoka; Suemori, Yasuhiko; Tanaka, Hiroyuki; Takahashi, Shosuke

    2009-01-01

    Aortocaval fistula is a rare complication of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), and patients with an aortocaval fistula show multiple symptoms. We report an 87-year-old man who was diagnosed as having an AAA with aortocaval fistula and who developed refractory hypotension after induction of anesthesia. Following a phenylephrine injection for slight hypotension induced by anesthetic induction, he developed severe hypotension and bradycardia, and his skin became cyanotic. Vasopressor agents had no immediate effect on the hypotension, but blood pressure gradually increased in about 30 min with continuous infusion of dopamine and noradrenaline. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) showed right ventricle (RV) hypokinesis and massive tricuspid regurgitation (TR). Central venous pressure (CVP) showed a remarkably high value. After the repair of the aortocaval fistula, the hemodynamics became stable, RV motion was improved, TR was reduced, and CVP became normal. Anesthetic management of the repair of an aortocaval fistula is very difficult. The hemodynamics changed dramatically throughout anesthesia in our patient with this disorder, even though low-dose anesthetics were used. For the successful treatment of this disorder, preparation for the operation is required before the induction of anesthesia, and urgent closure of the fistula is necessary after the induction of anesthesia. TEE is a useful tool for monitoring hemodynamics in such patients. PMID:19234833

  10. Elevated Shear Stress in Arteriovenous Fistulae: Is There Mechanical Homeostasis?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McGah, Patrick; Leotta, Daniel; Beach, Kirk; Aliseda, Alberto

    2011-11-01

    Arteriovenous fistulae are created surgically to provide access for dialysis in patients with renal failure. The current hypothesis is that the rapid remodeling occurring after the fistula creation is in part a process to restore the mechanical stresses to some preferred level (i.e. mechanical homeostasis). Given that nearly 50% of fistulae require an intervention after one year, understanding the altered hemodynamic stress is important in improving clinical outcomes. We perform numerical simulations of four patient-specific models of functioning fistulae reconstructed from 3D Doppler ultrasound scans. Our results show that the vessels are subjected to `normal' shear stresses away from the anastomosis; about 1 Pa in the veins and about 2.5 Pa in the arteries. However, simulations show that part of the anastomoses are consistently subjected to very high shear stress (>10Pa) over the cardiac cycle. These elevated values shear stresses are caused by the transitional flows at the anastomoses including flow separation and quasiperiodic vortex shedding. This suggests that the remodeling process lowers shear stress in the fistula but that it is limited as evidenced by the elevated shear at the anastomoses. This constant insult on the arterialized venous wall may explain the process of late fistula failure in which the dialysis access become occluded after years of use.

  11. CASE REPORT Pharyngocutaneous Fistula Closure Using Autologous Fat Grafting

    PubMed Central

    Hespe, Geoffrey E.; Albornoz, Claudia R.; Mehrara, Babak J.; Kraus, Dennis; Matros, Evan

    2013-01-01

    Objective: Although the majority of pharyngocutaneous fistulas close spontaneously with conservative measures, 20% to 30% of patients do not respond to this approach, thereby necessitating major reconstruction with adjacent or free tissue transfers. These procedures carry considerable risk, particularly in patients with medical comorbidities or a history of prior surgery/radiation. Less invasive treatment approaches designed to reverse tissue damage or promote spontaneous healing would represent an important medical advance. Autologous fat grafts have been previously shown to promote healing of persistent wounds and improve the quality of radiation-damaged tissue. In this report, successful closure of a persistent pharyngocutaneous fistula with use of autologous fat grafting is described. Method: The history and details of pharyngocutaneous fistula closure in a patient with recurrent head and neck cancer are reported. Result: A 67-year-old patient with recurrent head and neck cancer and prior radiotherapy underwent reresection including partial pharyngectomy with pectoralis major myocutaneous flap closure. Postoperatively, he developed an enterocutaneous fistula, which failed to close with conservative measures including 8 months of nothing per os. Two rounds of autologous fat grafting were performed with successful fistula healing. Conclusion: Autologous fat grafting is a useful treatment for closure of persistent pharyngocutaneous fistulas. Autologous fat grafting should be considered in poor surgical candidates, particularly in the setting of extensive radiation-induced tissue damage. PMID:23691260

  12. Surgical treatment of a congenital bronchoesophageal fistula in a dog.

    PubMed

    Basher, A W; Hogan, P M; Hanna, P E; Runyon, C L; Shaw, D H

    1991-08-15

    A 1-year-old male Cairn Terrier was evaluated for chronic coughing that was aggravated by eating or drinking. Radiography revealed an esophageal diverticulum, regional megaesophagus, and focal interstitial densities in the right caudal and middle lung lobes. Using fluoroscopy and contrast radiography, contrast material was seen to accumulate in the diverticulum and to reflux into the right middle, caudal, and accessory bronchi. Radiographic diagnosis was bronchoesophageal fistula. Via right eighth intercostal space thoracotomy, the abnormal connection between esophagus and caudal lobe of the right lung was identified, the lobe was resected, and the esophagus was closed. Histologic examination of the connecting tissue revealed a lining of stratified epithelium, with the superficial layer being predominantly ciliated columnar epithelium. Several findings led to the conclusion that the fistula was a congenital lesion, arising from aberrant formation of the respiratory tract from the embryologic digestive tract. Histologic examination revealed smooth muscle and lack of inflammation in tissue surrounding the fistula, which are criteria for identifying congenital bronchoesophageal fistula in human patients. The dog was young and did not have a history of esophageal foreign bodies. Postoperative complications were not encountered, and 9 months later, the dog was reported to be eating dry dog food without coughing. Congenital and acquired bronchoesophageal fistulas in dogs are reported infrequently. Furthermore, 2 of 12 previously reported bronchoesophageal fistulas in dogs, one of which was considered congenital, developed in Cairn Terriers. PMID:1917662

  13. Objective parameters aid the prediction of fistulas in pancreatic surgery.

    PubMed

    Felix, Klaus; Schuck, Anna; Gaida, Matthias M; Hinz, Ulf; Dovzhanskiy, Dmitriy; Werner, Jens

    2014-09-01

    Insufficiency of pancreatic anastomosis with leakage from the pancreatic stump and the development of fistulas account for the majority of surgical complications following pancreatic resection, which are often life threatening. The cause of pancreatic fistulas of the remnant tissue on a molecular level remains unclear. Thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate risk factors associated with postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) formation and to define parameters that may predict the resection outcome. Pancreatic resection margins were selected from 31 patients, including 16 individuals without and 15 patients with POPF, to analyze the degree of fibrosis, lipomatous atrophy, inflammatory activity and infiltration. Wound healing factors were assessed by luminex technology using tissue homogenates, while the distribution in situ was assessed using immunohistochemistry. Increased chronic inflammatory infiltration, a higher degree of fibrosis and a reduction in lipomatous atrophy were observed in the samples without anastomotic fistulas. Multiplex analysis of 38 wound healing factors demonstrated significantly higher levels of interleukin (IL)-6, -8 and -12, glucagon-like peptide-1 and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1, -2, -3 and -12 in the group without fistulas, while lower concentrations of IL-10, IL-17 and gastric inhibitory polypeptide were observed. Therefore, the observations of the present study indicated that increased inflammatory infiltration and inflammatory activity, as well as higher concentrations of proinflammatory cytokines and higher MMP levels at the resection margins, predisposed individuals to a lower fistula incidence rate following pancreatic resection. PMID:25120588

  14. Objective parameters aid the prediction of fistulas in pancreatic surgery

    PubMed Central

    FELIX, KLAUS; SCHUCK, ANNA; GAIDA, MATTHIAS M.; HINZ, ULF; DOVZHANSKIY, DMITRIY; WERNER, JENS

    2014-01-01

    Insufficiency of pancreatic anastomosis with leakage from the pancreatic stump and the development of fistulas account for the majority of surgical complications following pancreatic resection, which are often life threatening. The cause of pancreatic fistulas of the remnant tissue on a molecular level remains unclear. Thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate risk factors associated with postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) formation and to define parameters that may predict the resection outcome. Pancreatic resection margins were selected from 31 patients, including 16 individuals without and 15 patients with POPF, to analyze the degree of fibrosis, lipomatous atrophy, inflammatory activity and infiltration. Wound healing factors were assessed by luminex technology using tissue homogenates, while the distribution in situ was assessed using immunohistochemistry. Increased chronic inflammatory infiltration, a higher degree of fibrosis and a reduction in lipomatous atrophy were observed in the samples without anastomotic fistulas. Multiplex analysis of 38 wound healing factors demonstrated significantly higher levels of interleukin (IL)-6, -8 and -12, glucagon-like peptide-1 and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1, -2, -3 and -12 in the group without fistulas, while lower concentrations of IL-10, IL-17 and gastric inhibitory polypeptide were observed. Therefore, the observations of the present study indicated that increased inflammatory infiltration and inflammatory activity, as well as higher concentrations of proinflammatory cytokines and higher MMP levels at the resection margins, predisposed individuals to a lower fistula incidence rate following pancreatic resection. PMID:25120588

  15. Congenital nasolacrimal duct fistula in Brown Swiss cattle

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background An increased incidence of nasolacrimal duct fistula in the offspring of dam J and three of her sons (bulls A, B and C) prompted a study to investigate the prevalence and clinical manifestation of this anomaly. The dam J, bull B, 255 direct offspring of bulls A, B, and C and eight other direct and indirect offspring of cow J were examined. The periocular region of each animal was examined for unilateral or bilateral nasolacrimal duct fistula and the location, appearance and size of the lesions. Results Of 265 cattle examined, 54 had unilateral (n?=?24) or bilateral fistula (n?=?30). The prevalence of affected offspring differed significantly among the three bulls. The fistulae were located medial to the medial canthus of the eye and were 1 to 10 mm (median, 1 mm) in height and 1 to 12 mm (median, 2 mm) in length. The shape of the opening was circular in 58, oval in 23 and slit-like in three. One other animal had a large opening with an atypical shape and another had an abnormal medial canthus with several fistulous openings. Seventy openings were pigmented and 52 were hairless. The fistulae were clinically significant in 12 animals. Conclusions The findings suggest a hereditary cause of nasolacrimal duct fistula in Brown Swiss cattle. PMID:24548799

  16. Optimized Dose Distribution of Gammamed Plus Vaginal Cylinders

    SciTech Connect

    Supe, Sanjay S. [Department of Radiation Physics, Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology, Bangalore, Karnataka (India)], E-mail: sanjayssupe@gmail.com; Bijina, T.K.; Varatharaj, C.; Shwetha, B.; Arunkumar, T.; Sathiyan, S.; Ganesh, K.M.; Ravikumar, M. [Department of Radiation Physics, Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology, Bangalore, Karnataka (India)

    2009-04-01

    Endometrial carcinoma is the most common malignancy arising in the female genital tract. Intracavitary vaginal cuff irradiation may be given alone or with external beam irradiation in patients determined to be at risk for locoregional recurrence. Vaginal cylinders are often used to deliver a brachytherapy dose to the vaginal apex and upper vagina or the entire vaginal surface in the management of postoperative endometrial cancer or cervical cancer. The dose distributions of HDR vaginal cylinders must be evaluated carefully, so that clinical experiences with LDR techniques can be used in guiding optimal use of HDR techniques. The aim of this study was to optimize dose distribution for Gammamed plus vaginal cylinders. Placement of dose optimization points was evaluated for its effect on optimized dose distributions. Two different dose optimization point models were used in this study, namely non-apex (dose optimization points only on periphery of cylinder) and apex (dose optimization points on periphery and along the curvature including the apex points). Thirteen dwell positions were used for the HDR dosimetry to obtain a 6-cm active length. Thus 13 optimization points were available at the periphery of the cylinder. The coordinates of the points along the curvature depended on the cylinder diameters and were chosen for each cylinder so that four points were distributed evenly in the curvature portion of the cylinder. Diameter of vaginal cylinders varied from 2.0 to 4.0 cm. Iterative optimization routine was utilized for all optimizations. The effects of various optimization routines (iterative, geometric, equal times) was studied for the 3.0-cm diameter vaginal cylinder. The effect of source travel step size on the optimized dose distributions for vaginal cylinders was also evaluated. All optimizations in this study were carried for dose of 6 Gy at dose optimization points. For both non-apex and apex models of vaginal cylinders, doses for apex point and three dome points were higher for the apex model compared with the non-apex model. Mean doses to the optimization points for both the cylinder models and all the cylinder diameters were 6 Gy, matching with the prescription dose of 6 Gy. Iterative optimization routine resulted in the highest dose to apex point and dome points. The mean dose for optimization point was 6.01 Gy for iterative optimization and was much higher than 5.74 Gy for geometric and equal times routines. Step size of 1 cm gave the highest dose to the apex point. This step size was superior in terms of mean dose to optimization points. Selection of dose optimization points for the derivation of optimized dose distributions for vaginal cylinders affects the dose distributions.

  17. Rate of Vaginal Cuff Separation Following Laparoscopic or Robotic Hysterectomy

    PubMed Central

    Nick, Alpa M.; Lange, Jimena; Frumovitz, Michael; Soliman, Pamela T.; Schmeler, Kathleen M.; Schlumbrecht, Matthew P.; dos Reis, Ricardo; Ramirez, Pedro T.

    2015-01-01

    Objective Vaginal cuff separation is a rare but serious complication following hysterectomy. The goal of our study was to determine the rate of vaginal cuff separation and associated risk factors in patients undergoing laparoscopic or robotic hysterectomy. Methods We retrospectively identified patients who underwent a minimally invasive simple or radical hysterectomy at one institution between January 2000 and 2009. Fisher's exact test, Wilcoxon rank sum test and multiple logistic regression was used to determine associations between variables and increased risk of separation. Results A total of 417 patients underwent laparoscopic (n=285) or robotic (n=132) hysterectomy during the study period. Three hundred and sixty-two underwent simple hysterectomy (249 laparoscopic, 113 robotic) and 57 underwent radical hysterectomy (36 laparoscopic, 19 robotic). Seven (1.7%) patients developed a cuff complication and all had a diagnosis of malignancy. Three (1.1%) patients in the laparoscopy group suffered a vaginal cuff evisceration (n=2) or separation (n=1). Four patients in the robotic group (3.0%) had a vaginal evisceration (n=1) or separation (n=3). There was no difference based on surgical approach (p=0.22). Vaginal cuff complications were 9.46-fold higher among patients who had a radical hysterectomy (p<0.01). Median time to presentation of vaginal cuff complication was 128 days (58–175) in the laparoscopy group and 37 days (range: 32–44) in the robotic group. Conclusions The overall risk of vaginal cuff complication was 1.7%. There appears to be no difference in cuff complication rates based on surgical approach. Radical hysterectomy, however, was associated with a 9-fold increase in vaginal cuff complications. PMID:20869763

  18. Management of Vaginal Erosion of Polypropylene Mesh Slings

    Microsoft Academic Search

    KATHLEEN C. KOBASHI; FRED E. GOVIER

    2003-01-01

    PurposeThe SPARC (American Medical Systems, Minneapolis, Minnesota) polypropylene sling has recently been introduced as an alternative delivery system to TVT (Ethicon, New Brunswick, New Jersey) tension-free vaginal tape for placement of a tension-free mid urethral sling. Erosion must always be considered a risk of synthetic materials. We present 4 cases of vaginal erosion of polypropylene mesh placed with this system

  19. Robotic removal of eroded vaginal mesh into the bladder.

    PubMed

    Macedo, Francisco Igor B; O'Connor, Jeffrey; Mittal, Vijay K; Hurley, Patrick

    2013-11-01

    Vaginal mesh erosion into the bladder after midurethral sling procedure or cystocele repair is uncommon, with only a few cases having been reported in the literature. The ideal surgical management is still controversial. Current options for removal of eroded mesh include: endoscopic, transvaginal or abdominal (either open or laparoscopic) approaches. We, herein, present the first case of robotic removal of a large eroded vaginal mesh into the bladder and discuss potential benefits and limitations of the technique. PMID:23600850

  20. Urinary and vaginal criteria for detecting ovulation in the mare

    E-print Network

    Householder, D. Douglas

    1973-01-01

    , anger, anxiety, etc. cause an inczeased secretion of epinephrine which leads to glycogen mobilization and resultant nervous glyco- suria. Cunningham and Friend (1965) demonstrated this nervous glycosuzia in pigs. Normal blood glucose levels of 94 mg... the secretory phase of the human menstrual cycle. Sexual stimulation also increases the quantity of vaginal fluid, according to PLasters (1959). In 1934 Cruickshsnk postulated that glycogenolysis occurs in living vaginal cells and stated that a glycogen...

  1. Vaginal vault prolapse following cystectomy: transvaginal reconstruction by mesh interposition.

    PubMed

    Graefe, Flora; Beilecke, Kathrin; Tunn, Ralf

    2013-08-01

    The present study aims to introduce a transvaginal interposition of polypropylene mesh as a reproducible procedure for women with vaginal vault prolapse following cystectomy due to bladder carcinoma. No recurrent prolapse occurred in two cases 16 and 4 months after the operation. With apical fixation of the mesh, vaginal length can be maintained. No perioperative complications appeared. Performing the technique in a reproducible way seems feasible irrespective of differing anatomical conditions. PMID:22955251

  2. Sexual absorption of vaginal progesterone: a randomized control trial.

    PubMed

    Merriam, Kathryn S; Leake, Kristina A; Elliot, Mollie; Matthews, Michelle L; Usadi, Rebecca S; Hurst, Bradley S

    2015-01-01

    Objective. To determine if sexual intercourse reduces absorption of vaginal progesterone gel in women and to determine if progesterone is absorbed by the male during intercourse. Study Design. Prospective, randomized, cross over, controlled study of 20 reproductive-aged women and their male sexual partners randomized to receive vaginal progesterone gel (Crinone 8% gel, Actavis Inc., USA) or placebo cream. Serum progesterone for both male and female partners were measured 10 hours after intercourse. One week later, subjects were crossed over to receive the opposite formulation. In the third week, women used progesterone gel at night and abstained from intercourse. Results. Serum progesterone was significantly reduced with vaginal progesterone gel + intercourse compared with vaginal progesterone gel + abstinence (P = 0.0075). Men absorbed significant progesterone during intercourse with a female partner using vaginal progesterone gel compared to placebo (P = 0.0008). Conclusion(s). Vaginal progesterone gel is reduced in women after intercourse which may decrease drug efficacy during luteal phase support. Because men absorb low levels of progesterone during intercourse, exposure could cause adverse effects such as decreased libido. This study is registered under Clinical Trial number NCT01959464. PMID:25713585

  3. Bioadhesive Mini-Tablets for Vaginal Drug Delivery

    PubMed Central

    Hiorth, Marianne; Nilsen, Susanne; Tho, Ingunn

    2014-01-01

    Different non-ionic cellulose ethers (methyl cellulose, MC; hydroxyethyl cellulose, HEC; hydroxypropyl cellulose, HPC; hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose, HPMC) and microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) were investigated as matrix formers for preparation of mini-tablets targeting vaginal drug delivery. Hexyl aminolevulinat hydrochloridum (HAL) was used as a model drug. The mini-tablets were characterized with respect to their mechanical strength, bioadhesion towards cow vaginal tissue in two independent tests (rotating cylinder test, detachment test using texture analyzer), and dissolution rate in two media mimicking the pH levels of fertile, healthy and post-menopausal women (vaginal fluid simulant pH 4.5, phosphate buffer pH 6.8). Mini-tablets with a matrix of either HPMC or HPC were found to possess adequate mechanical strength, superior bioadhesive behavior towards vaginal tissue, and pH independent controlled release of the model drug, suggesting that both systems would be suited for the treatment of women regardless of age, i.e., respective of their vaginal pH levels. Bioadhesive mini-tablets offer a potential for improved residence time in the vaginal cavity targeting contact with mucosal tissue and prolonged release of the drug. PMID:25166286

  4. Sexual Absorption of Vaginal Progesterone: A Randomized Control Trial

    PubMed Central

    Merriam, Kathryn S.; Leake, Kristina A.; Elliot, Mollie; Matthews, Michelle L.; Usadi, Rebecca S.; Hurst, Bradley S.

    2015-01-01

    Objective. To determine if sexual intercourse reduces absorption of vaginal progesterone gel in women and to determine if progesterone is absorbed by the male during intercourse. Study Design. Prospective, randomized, cross over, controlled study of 20 reproductive-aged women and their male sexual partners randomized to receive vaginal progesterone gel (Crinone 8% gel, Actavis Inc., USA) or placebo cream. Serum progesterone for both male and female partners were measured 10 hours after intercourse. One week later, subjects were crossed over to receive the opposite formulation. In the third week, women used progesterone gel at night and abstained from intercourse. Results. Serum progesterone was significantly reduced with vaginal progesterone gel + intercourse compared with vaginal progesterone gel + abstinence (P = 0.0075). Men absorbed significant progesterone during intercourse with a female partner using vaginal progesterone gel compared to placebo (P = 0.0008). Conclusion(s). Vaginal progesterone gel is reduced in women after intercourse which may decrease drug efficacy during luteal phase support. Because men absorb low levels of progesterone during intercourse, exposure could cause adverse effects such as decreased libido. This study is registered under Clinical Trial number NCT01959464. PMID:25713585

  5. Barbed Suture for Vaginal Cuff Closure in Laparoscopic Hysterectomy

    PubMed Central

    Medina, Byron Cardoso; Riaño, Giovanni; Hoyos, Luis R.; Otalora, Camila

    2014-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Our aim was to evaluate whether the use of barbed suture for vaginal cuff closure is associated with a decrease in postoperative vaginal bleeding compared with cuff closure with polyglactin 910 in patients who have undergone laparoscopic hysterectomy. Methods: We performed a cohort study of patients who underwent laparoscopic hysterectomy between January 2008 and July 2012 by the minimally invasive gynecologic surgery division of the Gynecology, Obstetrics and Human Reproduction Department at Fundación Santa Fe de Bogotá University Hospital, Bogotá, Colombia. Results: A total of 232 women were studied: 163 were in the polyglactin 910 group, and 69 were in the barbed suture group. The main outcome, postoperative vaginal bleeding, was documented in 53 cases (32.5%) in the polyglactin 910 group and in 13 cases (18.8%) in the barbed suture group (relative risk, 0.57; 95% confidence interval, 0.34–0.9; P = .03). No statistically significant differences were found in other postoperative outcomes, such as emergency department admission, vaginal cuff dehiscence, infectious complications, and the presence of granulation tissue. Conclusion: In this study an inverse association was observed between the use of barbed suture for vaginal cuff closure during laparoscopic hysterectomy and the presence of postoperative vaginal bleeding. PMID:24680149

  6. Homogeneity of the vaginal microbiome at the cervix, posterior fornix, and vaginal canal in pregnant Chinese women.

    PubMed

    Huang, Yi-E; Wang, Yan; He, Yan; Ji, Yong; Wang, Li-Ping; Sheng, Hua-Fang; Zhang, Min; Huang, Qi-Tao; Zhang, Dong-Jing; Wu, Jing-Jing; Zhong, Mei; Zhou, Hong-Wei

    2015-02-01

    The vaginal microbiome is an emerging concern in prenatal health. Because the sampling process of vaginal microbiota may pose potential risks for pregnant women, the choice of sampling site should be carefully considered. However, whether the microbial diversity is different across various sampling sites has been controversial. In the present study, three repeated swabs were collected at the cervix (C), posterior fornix (P), and vaginal canal (V) from 34 Chinese women during different pregnancy stages, and vaginal species were determined using the Illumina sequencing of 16S rRNA tag sequences. The identified microbiomes were classified into four community state types (CSTs): CST I (dominated by L. crispatus), CST II (dominated by L. gasseri), CST III (dominated by L. iners), and CST IV-A (characterized by a low abundance of Lactobacillus, but with proportions of various species previously shown to be associated with bacterial vaginosis). All individuals had consistent CST at the three sampling sites regardless of pregnancy stage and CST group. In addition, there was little heterogeneity across community structures within each individual, as determined by LEfSe, indicating high vaginal microbiome homogeneity at the three sampling sites. The present study also revealed different beta diversity during pregnancy stages. The vaginal microbiome variation among women during trimester T1 (9?±?2.6 weeks) is larger than that of non-pregnant women and women from other trimesters, as demonstrated by the UniFrac distance (P?vaginal microbiome of postpartum women compare to women in gestation. These results will be useful for future studies of the vaginal microbiota during pregnancy. PMID:25230887

  7. Congenital carotid-jugular fistula in a child: a case report.

    PubMed

    Erdi, Fatih; Kaya, Bülent; Keskin, Fatih; Koç, Osman; Karatas, Yasar; Kalkan, Erdal

    2014-04-01

    Congenital carotid-jugular (CJ) fistula of the neck is a very rare clinical entity that has various causes. The CJ fistulas are particularly prone to complications unlike other peripheral arteriovenous fistulas. The aim of this report is to present a case of a CJ fistula between the external carotid and the external jugular vein, which was successfully closed with detachable balloon by an endovascular approach. A 14-year-old child was admitted to our clinic with a pulsatile neck swelling. There was no previous history of trauma. A high-flow fistula between the external carotid and the external jugular vein was determined. The fistula was closed with detachable balloon by an endovascular approach. The postoperative angiogram demonstrated complete resolution of the fistula. Endovascular treatment of CJ fistulas with detachable balloons is a safe and less traumatic technique and may be an effective alternative to the open surgery in selected patients. PMID:24302162

  8. Subarachnoid-pleural fistula—case report and review of literature

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Norman Shannon; Brian Kendall; DGT Thomas; H Baker

    1982-01-01

    The investigation and surgical closure of a subarachnoid pleural fistula following direct trauma to the dorsal spinal theca and spinal cord are described and a review of the literature on spinal subarachnoid-pleural fistula is presented.

  9. Vaginal ultrasonography in patients with postmenopausal bleeding.

    PubMed

    Auslender, R; Bornstein, J; Dirnfeld, M; Kogan, O; Atad, J; Abramovici, H

    1993-11-01

    Our objective was to define a subset of women with postmenopausal bleeding in whom the accepted practice of endometrial sampling could be safely omitted. Vaginal endosonographic measurements were compared to the histological findings of curettings following diagnostic dilatation and curettage in 129 women with post-menopausal bleeding who were not receiving hormonal therapy. Atrophy was diagnosed in 49%, slight proliferation in 10%, endometrial polyps in 11%, hypoplasia in 12%, and adenocarcinoma in 12%. Endometrial atrophy was associated with a mean sonographic thickness of 2.6 mm of the double layer (range 0-6.5 mm). Of the women with a final histological diagnosis of atrophy, 92% had an endometrial thickness of 3 mm or less. Furthermore, all women with a sonographic endometrial thickness of 3 mm or less had atrophic endometrium (p < 0.0001). An endometrial thickness of 3 mm or less would have reduced the number of dilation and curettage procedures by 45% and no cases of endometrial pathologies would have been missed. In women presenting with postmenstrual bleeding, meticulous scanning of the endometrium can select a group where endometrial sampling can be omitted from the protocol. PMID:12797245

  10. Vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia: a therapeutical dilemma.

    PubMed

    Frega, Antonio; Sopracordevole, Francesco; Assorgi, Chiara; Lombardi, Danila; DE Sanctis, Vitaliana; Catalano, Angelica; Matteucci, Eleonora; Milazzo, Giusi Natalia; Ricciardi, Enzo; Moscarini, Massimo

    2013-01-01

    Vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia (VaIN) represents a rare and asymptomatic pre-neoplastic lesion. Its natural history and potential evolution into invasive cancer are uncertain. VaIN can occur alone or as a synchronous or metachronous lesion with cervical and vulvar HPV-related intra epithelial or invasive neoplasia. Its association with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia is found in 65% of cases, with vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia in 10% of cases, while for others, the association with concomitant cervical or vulvar intraepithelial neoplasias is found in 30-80% of cases. VaIN is often asymptomatic and its diagnosis is suspected in cases of abnormal cytology, followed by colposcopy and colposcopically-guided biopsy of suspicious areas. In the past, high-grade VaIN and multifocal VaIN have been treated by radical surgery, such as total or partial upper vaginectomy associated with hysterectomy and radiotherapy. The need to maintain the integrity of reproductive capacity has determined the transition from radical therapies to conservative ones, according to the different patients' characteristics. PMID:23267125

  11. Fistulotomy and drainage of deep postanal space abscess in the treatment of posterior horseshoe fistula

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Resit Inceoglu; Rasim Gencosmanoglu

    2003-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Posterior horseshoe fistula with deep postanal space abscess is a complex disease. Most patients have a history of anorectal abscess drainage or surgery for fistula-in-ano. METHODS: Twenty-five patients who underwent surgery for posterior horseshoe fistula with deep postanal space abscess were analyzed retrospectively with respect to age, gender, previous surgery for fistula-in-ano, number of external openings, diagnostic studies, concordance

  12. Giant right coronary artery aneurysm with a fistula to the left ventricle.

    PubMed

    Zheng, Jubing; Dong, Ran; Liu, Taoshuai; Li, Yang; Zhou, Qiwen

    2012-12-01

    A right coronary artery (RCA) aneurysm with a fistula to the left ventricle is rare. In general, the draining site of the RCA fistula may be the right ventricle, right atrium, or pulmonary veins, whereas drainage to the left ventricle occurs less frequently. We report a patient with a RCA aneurysm with a fistula to the left ventricle. He was treated successfully by resection of the RCA aneurysm and closure of the fistula. PMID:23176958

  13. Converting Potential Abdominal Hysterectomy to Vaginal One: Laparoscopic Assisted Vaginal Hysterectomy

    PubMed Central

    Shetty, Jyothi; Shanbhag, Asha

    2014-01-01

    Background. The idea of laparoscopic assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH) is to convert a potential abdominal hysterectomy to a vaginal one, thus decreasing associated morbidity and hastening recovery. We compared intraoperative and postoperative outcomes between LAVH and abdominal hysterectomy, to find out if LAVH achieves better clinical results compared with abdominal hysterectomy. Material and methods. A total of 48 women were enrolled in the study. Finally 17 patients underwent LAVH (cases) and 20 underwent abdominal hysterectomy (controls). All surgeries were performed by a set of gynecologists with more or less same level of surgical experience and expertise. Results.None of the patients in LAVH required conversion to laparotomy. Mean operating time was 30 minutes longer in LAVH group as compared to abdominal hysterectomy group (167.06 + 31.97?min versus 135.25 + 31.72 min; P < 0.05). However, the mean blood loss in LAVH was 100?mL lesser than that in abdominal hysterectomy and the difference was found to be statistically significant (248.24 + 117.79?mL versus 340.00 + 119.86?mL; P < 0.05). Another advantage of LAVH was significantly lower pain scores on second and third postoperative days. Overall complications and postoperative hospital stay were not significantly different between the two groups. PMID:24729873

  14. Transposed brachial-basilic arteriovenous fistulas versus prosthetic upper limb grafts: A meta-analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. K. Lazarides; G. S. Georgiadis; C. P. Papasideris; G. Trellopoulos; V. D. Tzilalis

    2008-01-01

    BackgroundControversy exists regarding the best type of arteriovenous (AV) fistula to be formed in secondary and tertiary access procedures when primary fistulas have failed. This meta-analysis aimed to compare transposed brachial-basilic AV fistulas (BBAVFs) with upper limb AV prosthetic grafts.

  15. Acute Traumatic Renal Artery to Inferior Vena Cava Fistula Treated with a Covered Stent

    SciTech Connect

    Tam, J. [Alfred Hospital, Department of Radiology (Australia); Kossman, T. [Alfred Hospital, Department of Trauma (Australia); Lyon, S. [Alfred Hospital, Department of Radiology (Australia)], E-mail: lyonsey@optusnet.com.au

    2006-12-15

    A 34-year-old man presented within hours of suffering a penetrating stab wound and was diagnosed with a right renal artery to inferior vena cava fistula. Initial attempts at excluding the fistula with a balloon were unsuccessful. He was subsequently treated with a covered stent inserted into the right renal artery which successfully excluded the fistula.

  16. Laparoscopic repair of various types of biliary-enteric fistula: three cases

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. H. Lee; H. S. Han; S. K. Min; H. K. Lee

    2004-01-01

    Biliary-enteric fistula is one of the reasons for converting from laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) to open surgery. Here we present three cases of various types of biliary-enteric fistula treated successfully by laparoscopic surgery. Two cases were diagnosed preoperatively, and the remaining case intraoperatively. The first patient had a cholecystoduodenal fistula with a common bile duct stone. The second patient had cholecystocolic

  17. Fibrin Glue-Antibiotic Mixture in the Treatment of Anal Fistulae: Experience with 69 Cases

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Leonardo Patrlj; Branislav Kocman; Miran Martinac; Tomislav Šoša

    2000-01-01

    Background\\/Aims: To investigate the potential value of the use of the fibrin glue-antibiotic mixture in the treatment of anal fistulae. Materials and Methods: This study included 69 patients with idiopathic nonspecific anal fistulae. Patients with IBD (inflammatory bowel disease), TBC, actinomycosis, and cancer were excluded from the study. The microbiological analysis of the discharge of the fistula was done routinely.

  18. Incidental Finding of A Rectovesical Fistula on Bone Scan: A Case Report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jui-Hung Weng; Jong-Kang Lee

    Rectovesical fistula is a subgroup in the entity of enterovesical fistulas. Virtually all rectovesical fistulas are secondary to cancer or trauma. The case we pre- sented is a patient of rectal cancer, who developed recurrent urinary tract infection and watery diarrhea after neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy. On the pre- operative bone scan an abnormal extraosseous 99m Tc- MDP uptake was noted

  19. Congenital coronary artery fistulae: a rare cause of heart failure in adults

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Coronary artery fistulae are uncommon, reported in 0.25% of patients undergoing coronary angiography. Two patients with congenital coronary artery fistula and coronary artery disease who presented with symptoms of exacerbated congestive heart failure out of proportion to their atherosclerotic burden were successfully treated by epicardial fistula ligation and coronary artery bypass grafting with marked improvement in functional status. PMID:24886594

  20. Is the Simple Closure Technique Effective in the Treatment of Genital Fistulas?

    PubMed Central

    Unlubilgin, Eylem; ?lhan, Tolgay Tuyan; Sivaslioglu, Ahmet Akin; Dolen, Ismail

    2013-01-01

    Aim. Genitourinary fistulas are bothersome clinical entities not only for the patient but also for the treating surgeon as well. A lot of surgical procedures have been proposed; however, most of the fistulas can be easily treated with plain surgical techniques, such as the simple surgical closure of the fistula tract. Material and Method. The study was carried out in the urogynecology department of Ankara Etlik Zübeyde Han?m Maternity Training and Research Hospital. The study included 12 cases with vesicovaginal fistulas and 15 cases with rectovaginal fistulas. Twenty-six patients underwent simple surgical closure technique. The age, the referral time to the hospital, the longest diameter of the fistula opening, the hospitalization time, the follow-up period and identifiable risk factors of the patients were evaluated. Results. Caeserean section was detected as primary risk factor for vesicovaginal fistulas and prolonged labor was detected as the most important risk factor for rectovaginal fistulas. In our study, we found that the simple closure technique cured 91% of vesicovaginal fistulas and 93% of rectovaginal fistulas. Conclusion. The simple closure technique has very high cure rates for both vesicovaginal and rectovaginal fistulas when the longest diameter of the fistula openings is ?5?mm. PMID:23476795

  1. Carotid Cavernous Fistula: Embolization via a Bilateral Superior Ophthalmic Vein Approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ansgar Berlis; Joachim Klisch; Uwe Spetzger; Michael Faist; Martin Schumacher

    Summary: We report the case of a 74-year-old woman with a complex indirect (Barrow D) carotid cavernous sinus fistula. The patient was treated incrementally and finally cured by a rarely reported bilateral retrograde direct trans- venous approach via the superior ophthalmic vein. The treatment of the complex carotid cavernous fistula with multiple bilateral fistula points showed additional com- plexity due

  2. Stent-assisted Guglielmi detachable coils embolisation for the treatment of a traumatic carotid cavernous fistula

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jung Yong Ahn; Byung-Hee Lee; Jin Yang Joo

    2003-01-01

    Embolisation of a carotid cavernous fistula by means of a detachable balloon is a well-established method for treating carotid cavernous fistulas while preserving a patent internal carotid artery. However, failure to embolise the carotid cavernous fistula may occur. Herein we describe a stent-assisted Guglielmi detachable coil embolisation that completely occludes the fistulous opening rather than fills the cavernous sinus. By

  3. Bilateral direct carotid-cavernous fistulas of traumatic and spontaneous origin: two case reports

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. M. Vliet; H. T. Rwiza; H. O. M. Thijssen; H. F. C. M. Brands; J. L. Merx; A. Keyser

    1987-01-01

    In the present paper we discuss two cases with bilaterally located carotid-cavernous fistulas: one of traumatic origin and the other occuring spontaneously. Most traumatic fistulas are direct, unilateral and of a high flow type. In our first case we deal with traumatic bilateral direct fistulas with a low flow, a combination which must be considered rare and is not reported

  4. Experimental approach to the treatment of carotid cavernous fistulas with an inflatable and isolated balloon

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. Debrun; P. Lacour; J. P. Caron; M. Hurth; J. Comoy; Y. Keravel; G. Laborit

    1975-01-01

    Some carotid cavernous fistulas have been treated successfully with a balloon tipped catheter. It would be ideal to leave an inflated balloon in the venous side of the fistula with preservation of the carotid flow. We were successful in preparing and leaving balloons in the venous circulation of the rabbit. We have treated a carotid cavernous fistula in a man

  5. [Otosialorrhoea - a rare case of a spontaneous salivary fistula of the external auditory canal].

    PubMed

    Chilla, R

    2002-10-01

    Spontaneous salivary fistulas are rare. Extremely rare are spontaneous salivary fistulas of the external auditory canal. We report a case of otorrhoea caused by such a fistula in connection with defects of the cartilagenous and the osseous external auditory canal (Fissures of Santorini, foramen of Huschke) and its successful surgical treatment. PMID:12376910

  6. Occurrence and outcome after primary treatment of anal fistulae in Crohn's disease

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G Hellers; O Bergstrand; S Ewerth; B Holmström

    1980-01-01

    During the period 1955 to 1974 inclusive, 826 patients developed Crohn's disease and were registered citizens of Stockholm County at the time of definite diagnosis. These patients were followed up and investigated with reference to the occurrence of and outcome after treatment for anal fistulae. These fistulae were recorded in 184 patients (23%). The incidence of anal fistulae increased the

  7. Radiocephalic fistulas for hemodialysis: a comparison of techniques.

    PubMed

    O'Banion, Leigh Ann; Buren, David Van; Davis, James W

    2015-04-01

    The radiocephalic fistula dates back to the 1960s with good long-term survival and a low incidence of complications. The standard practice of creating an end cephalic vein to side radial artery fistula (ETS) has a high incidence of early thrombosis and failure to mature, which limits its efficacy. The hypothesis is that a 1.3- to 1.5-cm side-to-side with distal vein ligation anastomosis (STS) is associated with a lower early thrombosis rate and higher primary patency rate. We retrospectively evaluated all radiocephalic fistulas created at our hospital from January 1, 2012, to December 31, 2012, comparing a 1.3- to 1.5-cm STS anastomosis to the ETS anastomosis. Primary endpoints were patency at three and six months and the secondary outcome was suitability for cannulation. An ETS anastomosis resulted in an early thrombosis rate, 3-month cannulation rate, and 6-month primary patency rate of 14, 30, and 48 per cent, respectively. Outcomes from the STS technique were significantly improved with no early thrombosis (P < 0.05), 3-month cannulation rate of 67 per cent (P < 0.03), and a primary patency of 75 per cent (P = 0.03). A STS radiocephalic fistula with distal vein ligation is superior to the ETS radiocephalic fistula. Early thrombosis, 6-month primary patency, and cannulation rates were significantly improved. PMID:25831177

  8. A rare approach to entero-atmospheric fistula

    PubMed Central

    Meshikhes, Abdul-Wahed Nasir; Al-Hariri, Abdulrazzak; Al-Zahir, Ali Ahmed; Al-Nahawi, Mamdouh

    2013-01-01

    Patient: Female, 60 Final Diagnosis: Recurrent incisional hernia Symptoms: — Medication: — Clinical Procedure: Limited ileo-cecal resection Specialty: Surgery Objective: Diagnostic/therapeutic accidents Background: Iatrogenic entero-atmospheric fistula is devastating and its management is extremely difficult because it is often associated with fluid and electrolyte disturbances, nutritional problems, and life-threatening sepsis. Case Report: A 60-year-old woman underwent laparoscopic repair of a recurrent incisional hernia that was complicated by iatrogenic cecal injury necessitating a limited ileocecal resection and onlay prosthetic mesh repair of the hernia. Postoperatively, sloughing of the overlying skin led to mesh exposure. An attempted rotational flap coverage was complicated by small bowel injury, which was recognized and repaired. However, an entero-atmospheric fistula developed after the removal of contaminated mesh. The fistula was initially treated by vacuum-assisted closure dressing and later was converted to a ‘stoma’. Six months later, the small bowel segment bearing the fistula was excised and bowel continuity was restored. Conclusions: In selected cases, the conversion of entero-atmospheric fistula to a ‘stoma’ allows the patient to be discharged home early and maintain good nutritional status while awaiting the definitive surgical intervention. PMID:24265846

  9. Radial Artery Approach to Salvage Nonmaturing Radiocephalic Arteriovenous Fistulas

    SciTech Connect

    Hsieh, Mu-Yang; Lin, Lin; Tsai, Kuei-Chin; Wu, Chih-Cheng, E-mail: chihchengwumd@gmail.com [National Taiwan University Hospital, Department of Cardiology (China)

    2013-08-01

    PurposeTo evaluate the usefulness of an approach through the radial artery distal to the arteriovenous anastomosis for salvaging nonmaturing radiocephalic arteriovenous fistulas.MethodsProcedures that fulfilled the following criteria were retrospectively reviewed: (1) autogenous radiocephalic fistulas, (2) fistulas less than 3 months old, (3) distal radial artery approach for salvage. From 2005 to 2011, a total of 51 patients fulfilling the above criteria were enrolled. Outcome variables were obtained from angiographic, clinical and hemodialysis records, including the success, complication, and primary and secondary patency rates.ResultsThe overall anatomical and clinical success rates for the distal radial artery approach were 96 and 94 %, respectively. The average procedure time was 36 {+-} 19 min. Six patients (12 %) experienced minor complications as a result of extravasations. No arterial complication or puncture site complication was noted. The postinterventional 6-month primary patency rate was 51 %, and the 6-month secondary patency rate was 90 %. When the patients were divided into a stenosed group (20 patients) and an occluded group (31 patients), there were no differences in the success rate, complication rate, or primary and secondary patency rates.ConclusionAn approach through the radial artery distal to the arteriovenous anastomosis is an effective and safe alternative for the salvage of nonmaturing radiocephalic arteriovenous fistulas, even for occluded fistulas.

  10. Interventional embolization therapy of puerile congenital deep femoral arteriovenous fistula

    PubMed Central

    ZHANG, JING; TAN, XIAO-YUN; ZHOU, SHAO-YI; CHEN, KUN-SHAN; LI, HAI-BO; CHUANQIANG-NIU; JIANG, YI-ZHOU; LIN, QUE-QING

    2013-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate the treatment efficiency of interventional embolization therapy in puerile congenital deep femoral arteriovenous fistula. A retrospective analysis was conducted for 9 cases of congenital deep femoral arteriovenous fistulae treated in our department in the past 5 years. B-ultrasound examination indicated that all puerile patients suffered from deep femoral arteriovenous fistulae, which was confirmed by angiography examination. For all patients, endovascular interventional embolization therapy was conducted and angiography re-examination was implemented after 4 weeks. If there were residual orificium fistulae, the interventional embolization therapy was conducted again. In the 6 month to 2 year follow-up period, improvement of clinical symptoms was observed. Following interventional embolization, 9 cases of deep femoral arteriovenous fistulae were completely occluded and the clinical symptoms were improved. No relapses occurred. In addition, after three embolization treatments, the disease condition of one case was controlled well and the disease condition did not progress. Interventional embolization therapy has a number of advantages, including simple surgery and reliable treatment efficacy. Therefore, it is worthy of promotion and application in the clinic. PMID:23407852

  11. Risk Factors for Renal Scarring and Deterioration of Renal Function in Primary Vesico-Ureteral Reflux Children: A Long-Term Follow-Up Retrospective Cohort Study

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Mei-Ju; Cheng, Hong-Lin; Chiou, Yuan-Yow

    2013-01-01

    Background and Purpose The aim was to identify the risk factors for renal scarring and deteriorating renal function in children with primary vesico-ureteral reflux (VUR). Materials and Methods Patients with primary VUR admitted to the National Cheng Kung University Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. The outcomes were renal scarring, assessed by technetium-99 m dimercaptosuccinic acid scanning, and renal function, assessed by estimated glomerular filtration rate. Univariate and multivariate models were applied to identify the corresponding independent predictors. Results A total of 173 patients with primary VUR were recruited. The median age of VUR diagnosis was 10.0 months (IQR: 4.0–43.0 months). After adjusting for confounding factors, it was found that older age of VUR diagnosis (?5 years vs. <1 year, adjusted OR?=?2.78, 95% CI?=?1.00–7.70, p?=?0.049), higher grade of VUR (high grade [IV–V] vs. none, adjusted OR?=?15.17, 95% CI?=?5.33–43.19, p<0.0001; low grade [I–III] vs. none, adjusted OR?=?5.72, 95% CI?=?2.43–13.45, p<0.0001), and higher number of UTI (?2 vs. 0, adjusted OR?=?3.21, 95% CI?=?1.06–9.76, p?=?0.039) were risk factors for renal scarring, whereas a younger age of VUR diagnosis (?5 years vs. <1 year, adjusted HR?=?0.16, 95% CI: 0.05–0.51, p?=?0.002), renal scarring (yes vs. no, adjusted HR?=?3.66, 95% CI: 1.32–10.16, p?=?0.013), and APN (yes vs. no, adjusted HR?=?3.10, 95% CI: 1.05–9.14, p?=?0.041) were risk factors for developing chronic kidney disease stage 2 or higher. Conclusions Our findings expand on the current knowledge of risk factors for renal scarring and deteriorating renal function, and this information can be used to modify the management and treatment of VUR. PMID:23469116

  12. Treatment of Traumatic Carotid-Cavernous Fistula

    PubMed Central

    Wu, Z.; Zhang, Y.; Wang, C.; YANG, X.; Li, Y.

    2000-01-01

    Summary From 1986 to the end of 1998, 482 cases of traumatic carotid-cavernous fistula (TCCF) were treated by means of intravascular embolisation technique. The experience is overviewed in this article. Many kinds of detachable balloon catheters (including Chinese made detachable balloon catheters), coils and cyano aery late were used as embolic materials. Transcervical, transfemoral, anterior communicating artery, posterior communicating artery approach, or transvenous approach were selected according to conditions. A combination of different approaches or materials was used for complex TCCF. We found that the special sign, named “bileakage sign”, indicated multileakage of TCCF and was not mentioned before. All 482 cases of TCCF were embolised successfully, of which 405 cases maintained the patency of internal carotid artery (ICA). No death related to the treatment occurred in our group and the symptoms or signs in 462 cases were relieved after embolisation. Emergency embolisation was needed in some conditions such as serious epistaxis, delayed or repeatedly subdural haematoma and rapid visual impairment. Endovascular treatment of TCCF is a safe and efficient method. The time of operation, approach, and materials for embolisation must be carefully selected in order to obtain the best result. PMID:20667206

  13. Large spinal intraosseous arteriovenous fistula: case report.

    PubMed

    Imajo, Yasuaki; Kanchiku, Tsukasa; Yoshida, Yuichiro; Nishida, Norihiro; Taguchi, Toshihiko

    2015-04-01

    Here the authors report the case of a fresh vertebral body fracture with a large spinal intraosseous arteriovenous fistula (AVF). A 74-year-old woman started to experience low-back pain following a rear-end car collision. Plain radiography showed diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH). Sagittal CT sections revealed a transverse fracture of the L-4 vertebral body with a bone defect. Sagittal fat-suppressed T2-weighted MRI revealed a flow void in the fractured vertebra. Spinal angiography revealed an intraosseous AVF with a feeder from the right L-4 segmental artery. A fresh fracture of the L-4 vertebral body with a spinal intraosseous AVF was diagnosed. Observation of a flow void in the vertebral body on fat-suppressed T2-weighted MRI was important for the diagnosis of the spinal intraosseous AVF. Because conservative treatment was ineffective, surgery was undertaken. The day before surgery, embolization through the right L-4 segmental artery was performed using 2 coils to achieve AVF closure. Posterolateral fusion with instrumentation at the T12-S2 vertebral levels was performed without L-4 vertebroplasty. The spinal intraosseous AVF had disappeared after 4 months. At 24 months after surgery, the bone defect was completely replaced by bone and the patient experienced no limitations in daily activities. Given their experience with the present case, the authors believe that performing vertebroplasty or anterior reconstruction may not be necessary in treating spinal intraosseous AVF. PMID:25635636

  14. Some characteristics of vaginal prolapse in Nepali buffaloes.

    PubMed

    Sah, Shyam Kishore; Nakao, Toshihiko

    2003-11-01

    Prolapse of vagina is one of the important maternal abnormalities during pregnancy in cattle and buffaloes. A field investigation was carried out on 26 Murrah graded buffaloes to study clinical characteristics of vaginal prolapse in buffaloes in Nepal. Fifty-seven percent of the 26 buffaloes with vaginal prolapse were either heifers or in first lactation. Sixty-five percent of the cases were in seventh month of pregnancy or later. About three quarters of the cases occurred between June and October. Twelve cases (63%) of the 19 animals excluding 7 heifers had a history of vaginal prolapse in previous gestations. A half of the buffaloes were showing prolapse of the vagina even when they were in standing position and showing moderate or vigorous straining. After the conventional treatments, twenty-three buffaloes retained the replaced vagina and calved normally. One animal aborted although the vagina was retained. Two buffaloes had severest degree of vaginal prolapse complicated with edema, injury and cyanosis, and they did not respond to the treatment. The two buffaloes had frequently recurrent prolapse and subsequently died. Early detection and prompt treatment may be imperative to control the vaginal prolapse in buffaloes. PMID:14665751

  15. Arterio venous fistula experience at a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan

    PubMed Central

    nawaz, Shah; Ali, Shahzad; Shahzad, Iqbal; Baloch, M.Umar

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the two year patency rate of functioning arteriovenous fistula. Methodology: This prospective case series study was conducted at Department of Urology, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, from 1st January 2009 to 31st December, 2010. Patients were chosen for CBRC arteriovenous fistula at wrist and patients undergoing other types of vascular access or secondary fistula formation were excluded. Results:One hundred and eighty two patients underwent arteriovenous fistula formation. The mean ± SD age was 63 ± 13 years and there were 102 (56%) males and 80 (44%) females. 12.6% fistulae failed within first month without dialysis. The primary patency rate was 66.5% at three months and 57.7% at six months. Failing arteriovenous fistula was managed by new arteriovenous fistula in our series. 28.6% patients had redo arteriovenous fistula. This study demonstrated a poor outcome for fistulas in diabetic patients. Fifteen out of 23 (65.2%) who failed primarily were diabetics and out of these diabetics 13 (86.7%) failed in first three months. Infection and burst fistulae were found in nine (4.9%), pseudo aneurysm in 3.2%, fever 4.9%, peri-operative failure 0.55% and burst fistulae 3.2%. Conclusions: One-third of radiocephalic fistulas fail within two years. The outcome is worse for women and diabetic patients. This information may be useful in assessing and counseling patients with end-stage renal failure. Arteriovenous fistula is the better and ideal choice for haemodialysis. A Radiocephalic fistula in forearm seems to have better results as comparison to cubital fossa arteriovenous fistula. End to side anastomosis results are better than side to side anastomosis. PMID:24353531

  16. 77 FR 8900 - Certain Vaginal Ring Birth Control Devices; Termination of the Investigation Based on Withdrawal...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-15

    ...COMMISSION [Investigation No. 337-TA-768] Certain Vaginal Ring Birth Control Devices; Termination of the Investigation Based on...within the United States after importation of certain vaginal birth control devices by reason of infringement of certain...

  17. Cauda Equina Syndrome Caused by Spinal Dural Arteriovenous Fistula

    PubMed Central

    Shin, Myung Jun; Baik, Seung Kug; Kim, Soo Yeon; Kim, Sung Nyun

    2011-01-01

    Spinal dural arteriovenous fistula (SDAVF) is rare but still the most commonly encountered vascular malformation of the spinal cord. A 31-year-old male developed gait disturbance due to weakness of his lower extremities, voiding difficulty and sexual dysfunction with a progressive course since 3 months. He showed areflexia in both knees and ankles. Electromyographic findings were suggestive of multiple root lesions involving bilateral L2 to S4 roots of moderate degree. Magnetic resonance images showed high signal intensity with an ill-defined margin in T2-weighted images and intensely enhanced by a contrast agent through the lumbosacral spinal cord. Selective spinal angiography confirmed a dural arteriovenous fistula with a nidus at the L2 vertebral level. After selective endovascular embolization, his symptoms drastically improved except sexual dysfunction. We report a rare case of cauda equina syndrome due to spinal arteriovenous fistula with drastic improvement after endovascular embolization. PMID:22506223

  18. MDCT and virtual angioscopy in spontaneous aortocaval fistula.

    PubMed

    Salerno, Sergio; Romano, Ida; De Luca, Teresa; Lo Casto, Antonio

    2007-10-01

    Aortocaval fistula is a rare, less than 1%, but life threatening complication, of abdominal aortic aneurysm. Mortality is high but prompt recognition of the fistula can reduce mortality rate. The multidetector row CT (MDCT) findings in a 69-year-old patient with a complex medical history characterized by previous episodes of myocardial ischemia, is reported. MDCT shows an early homogeneous enhancement of the inferior vena cava, slightly dilated at the liver level and markedly narrowed above the renal vein due to aneurysm compression. The patient underwent to emergency laparotomy but died during surgery for cardiac arrest. MDCT allows a prompt recognition of the fistula and different computerized reconstruction techniques as maximum intensity projection (MIP), multiplanar reformatting (MPR) and virtual angioscopy (VA) added imaging information for surgery. PMID:17009085

  19. Duodenal exclusion for management of lateral duodenal fistulas.

    PubMed

    Eckhauser, F E; Strodel, W E; Knol, J A; Guice, K S

    1988-03-01

    The first clinical application of pyloric occlusion with gastrojejunostomy (duodenal exclusion) for management of lateral duodenal fistulas was reported by Berg in 1907. More recently Berne et al. applied this procedure to treat patients with complex pancreaticoduodenal trauma and modified it to include antrectomy with Billroth II reconstruction and tube duodenostomy. Over time the indications for duodenal exclusion have gradually been expanded to include management of actual or anticipated duodenal fistulas arising from operative injury or as a complication of inflammatory or neoplastic diseases. Our recent success using duodenal exclusion and/or diverticularization to manage one patient with duodenal trauma and two patients with nontraumatic forms of duodenal injury resulting in lateral duodenal fistulas caused us to reevaluate the efficacy of this procedure and forms the basis for this report. PMID:3348552

  20. Endovascular Management of Superior Mesenteric Artery Pseudoaneurysm and Fistula

    SciTech Connect

    Narayanan, Govindarajan, E-mail: gnarayanan@med.miami.ed [University of Miami/Jackson Memorial Hospital, Department of Radiology (United States); Mohin, Geetika, E-mail: geetika77@yahoo.co [Jackson Memorial Hospital, Department of Radiology (United States); Barbery, Katuska, E-mail: kbarbery@med.miami.ed [University of Miami, Department of Radiology (United States); Lamus, Daniel, E-mail: dlamus@med.miami.ed [Jackson Memorial Hospital, Resident of Department of Surgery (United States); Nanavati, Kunal, E-mail: knanavati@med.miami.ed [University of Miami/Jackson Memorial Hospital, Department of Radiology (United States); Yrizarry, Jose M., E-mail: jyrizarr@med.miami.ed [University of Miami/Jackson Memorial Hospital, Department of Vascular/Interventional Radiology (United States)

    2008-11-15

    The uncommon presentation of an arterioportal fistula (APF) involving the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) associated with a pseudoaneurysm represents a therapeutic challenge. We present the case of a 24-year-old female admitted to the hospital after multiple gunshot wounds to the abdomen; the patient underwent multiple surgeries and, in the process, developed a SMA pseudoaneurysm and fistula. The vascular interventional radiology team was consulted for treatment of the pseudoaneurysm and fistula. A covered stent was inserted percutaneously to exclude the APF and the pseudoaneurysm in a single procedure. The patient returned to our service after 21 months for a follow-up CT scan, which demonstrated the stent and the distal vasculature to be patent.

  1. A Nasogastric Tube Inserted into the Gastrocutaneous Fistula

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Yang Soo; Kim, Joon Sung; Yu, In Hee; Jeong, Ji Young; Jung, Sung Hee; Jo, Yil Ryun

    2011-01-01

    We reported a case in which a nasogastric tube was inserted into the gastrocutaneous fistula, diagnosed by abdominal computed tomography. A 78-year-old man with a history of recurrent cerebral hemorrhage had a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube due to dysphagia for 2 years. However, soft tissue infection at the gastrostomy site caused the removal of the tube. Immediately, antibiotic agents were infused. For appropriate hydration and medication, a nasogastric tube was inserted. However, there was no significant improvement of the soft tissue infection. Moreover, the amount of bloody exudate increased. Abdominal computed tomography revealed the nasogastric tube placed under the patient's skin via gastrocutaneous fistula. The nasogastric tube was removed, and an antibiotic agents were maintained. After 3 weeks, the signs of infection fully improved, and percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy was performed again. This case shows necessities of an appropriate interval between removal of the gastrostomy tube and insertion of a nasogastric tube, and suspicion of existence of gastrocutaneous fistula. PMID:22506228

  2. Contemporary surgical management of rectovaginal fistula in Crohn's disease

    PubMed Central

    Valente, Michael A; Hull, Tracy L

    2014-01-01

    Rectovaginal fistula is a disastrous complication of Crohn’s disease (CD) that is exceedingly difficult to treat. It is a disabling condition that negatively impacts a women’s quality of life. Successful management is possible only after accurate and complete assessment of the entire gastrointestinal tract has been performed. Current treatment algorithms range from observation to medical management to the need for surgical intervention. A wide variety of success rates have been reported for all management options. The choice of surgical repair methods depends on various fistula and patient characteristics. Before treatment is undertaken, establishing reasonable goals and expectations of therapy is essential for both the patient and surgeon. This article aims to highlight the various surgical techniques and their outcomes for repair of CD associated rectovaginal fistula. PMID:25400993

  3. Angioarchitecture and Treatment Modalities in Posttraumatic Carotid Cavernous Fistulae

    PubMed Central

    Malan, J.; Lefeuvre, D.; Mngomezulu, V.; Taylor, A.

    2012-01-01

    Summary Posttraumatic carotid cavernous fistulae are abnormal direct hole communications between the intracavernous carotid artery and the cavernous sinus that can result from both blunt and penetrating trauma. They can be challenging lesions to treat and a variety of modalities and approaches have been proposed since endovascular treatment has become the standard treatment. An analysis of the angioarchitecture of 32 consecutive patients treated in our service demonstrated that seven could be classified as small hole, eight medium and 17 large. Different size fistulae required varying endovascular tools. Small fistulae were best treated using coils and large and medium lesions with balloons. Large lesions were more likely to require multiple tools in order to achieve closure and had a lower chance of ipsilateral carotid preservation. All patients in the series were cured with a carotid preservation rate of 66%. There was no permanent morbidity associated with endovascular treatment. PMID:22681733

  4. BLT Humanized Mice as Model to Study HIV Vaginal Transmission

    PubMed Central

    Deruaz, Maud; Luster, Andrew D.

    2013-01-01

    The majority of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infections occur by sexual exposure, and vaginal transmission accounts for more than half of all newly acquired infections. Studies of vaginal transmission of simian immunodeficiency virus to nonhuman primates (NHPs) have suggested an important role for immune cell trafficking in the establishment of infection as well is in the process of viral dissemination. However, NHP models do not permit the study of HIV transmission and dissemination. The improvement of humanized mouse models with robust human immune cell reconstitution of the female genital tract renders these mice susceptible to intravaginal HIV infection. Thus humanized mouse models of HIV vaginal infection will allow the study of the mechanisms involved in HIV transmission and dissemination in vivo. PMID:24151319

  5. Sustained release of proteins from a modified vaginal ring device

    PubMed Central

    Morrow, Ryan J.; Woolfson, A. David; Donnelly, Louise; Curran, Rhonda; Andrews, Gavin; Katinger, Dietmar; Malcolm, R. Karl

    2013-01-01

    A new vaginal ring technology, the insert vaginal ring (InVR), is presented. The InVR overcomes the current shortfall of conventional vaginal rings (VRs) that are generally ineffectual for the delivery of hydrophilic and/or macromolecular actives, including peptides, proteins and antibodies, due to their poor permeation characteristics in the hydrophobic polymeric elastomers from which VRs are usually fabricated. Release of the model protein BSA from a variety of insert matrices for the InVR is demonstrated, including modified silicone rods, directly compressed tablets and lyophilised gels, which collectively provided controlled release profiles from several hours to beyond 4 weeks. Furthermore, the InVR was shown to deliver over 1 mg of the monoclonal antibody 2F5 from a single device, offering a potential means of protecting women against the transmission of HIV. PMID:21055465

  6. Vaginal antisepsis for hysterectomy: a review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Eason, E L

    1997-01-01

    Infectious complications of hysterectomy remain common despite the use of prophylactic antibiotics. Most are caused by contamination of the surgical site by vaginal bacteria which are not controlled by current methods of pre-operative antisepsis. The medical literature concerning antiseptic preparation of the vagina for surgery was reviewed to discover the evidence on which practice may be based. A search using Medline, Current Contents, the Cochrane Library and the reference lists of articles on the subject and of major gynaecology textbooks produced 13 comparative studies. No conclusive randomized controlled trials were found and most of the studies had severe methodological problems limiting interpretation of their results. The scant available data suggest that use of vaginal antiseptics before the patient arrives in the operating room is probably not useful, and that application of povidone-iodine vaginal gel at the beginning of abdominal hysterectomy is sufficiently promising to justify further investigation. PMID:9403256

  7. Magnetic resonance imaging in the evaluation of vaginal foreign bodies in a young girl.

    PubMed

    Kihara, M; Sato, N; Kimura, H; Kamiyama, M; Sekiya, S; Takano, H

    2001-11-01

    A 7-year-old girl with foul-smelling, bloody vaginal discharge for more than 2 years was initially suspected of suffering from vaginal foreign bodies. Although plain radiography revealed no abnormal findings in the pelvis, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed multiple low intensity objects and an intact vaginal wall. Four plastic toys were removed with forceps under general anesthesia. MRI is supposed to be the best technique for evaluating vaginal foreign bodies in young girls. PMID:11789752

  8. Depomedroxyprogesterone-induced hypoestrogenism and changes in vaginal flora and epithelium

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Leslie Miller; Dorothy L Patton; Amalia Meier; Soe Soe Thwin; Thomas M Hooton; David A Eschenbach

    2000-01-01

    Objective: To identify the effects of depomedroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) on vaginal microbial flora and epithelium.Methods: Women who desired DMPA for contraception were evaluated before and at 3 and 6 months after initiation of 150-mg DMPA injections every 3 months. At each visit, we assessed genital symptoms, vaginal signs, vaginal microflora, and histopathology by vaginal biopsies.Results: Among 38 women observed for

  9. Primate vaginal microbiomes exhibit species specificity without universal Lactobacillus dominance.

    PubMed

    Yildirim, Suleyman; Yeoman, Carl J; Janga, Sarath Chandra; Thomas, Susan M; Ho, Mengfei; Leigh, Steven R; Consortium, Primate Microbiome; White, Bryan A; Wilson, Brenda A; Stumpf, Rebecca M

    2014-12-01

    Bacterial communities colonizing the reproductive tracts of primates (including humans) impact the health, survival and fitness of the host, and thereby the evolution of the host species. Despite their importance, we currently have a poor understanding of primate microbiomes. The composition and structure of microbial communities vary considerably depending on the host and environmental factors. We conducted comparative analyses of the primate vaginal microbiome using pyrosequencing of the 16S rRNA genes of a phylogenetically broad range of primates to test for factors affecting the diversity of primate vaginal ecosystems. The nine primate species included: humans (Homo sapiens), yellow baboons (Papio cynocephalus), olive baboons (Papio anubis), lemurs (Propithecus diadema), howler monkeys (Alouatta pigra), red colobus (Piliocolobus rufomitratus), vervets (Chlorocebus aethiops), mangabeys (Cercocebus atys) and chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Our results indicated that all primates exhibited host-specific vaginal microbiota and that humans were distinct from other primates in both microbiome composition and diversity. In contrast to the gut microbiome, the vaginal microbiome showed limited congruence with host phylogeny, and neither captivity nor diet elicited substantial effects on the vaginal microbiomes of primates. Permutational multivariate analysis of variance and Wilcoxon tests revealed correlations among vaginal microbiota and host species-specific socioecological factors, particularly related to sexuality, including: female promiscuity, baculum length, gestation time, mating group size and neonatal birth weight. The proportion of unclassified taxa observed in nonhuman primate samples increased with phylogenetic distance from humans, indicative of the existence of previously unrecognized microbial taxa. These findings contribute to our understanding of host-microbe variation and coevolution, microbial biogeography, and disease risk, and have important implications for the use of animal models in studies of human sexual and reproductive diseases. PMID:25036926

  10. Vesicocutaneous fistula treatment by using omental flap interposition

    PubMed Central

    Basatac, Cem; Cicek, Mehmet Cagatay

    2015-01-01

    A fistula is defined as an abnormal association of two or more epithelial lining. Therefore, vesicocutaneous fistula (VCF) represents an extra anatomic communication between the bladder wall and the external surface of the skin. The most common cause is iatrogenic; however, numerous factors may play a role in the formation of VCFs. When a VCF is identified, it should be treated properly due to its bothersome complaints and social effects. Nonetheless, no certain consensus has been achieved, yet. In this case, we report the feasibility and efficacy of omental flap interposition during VCF repair. PMID:25687443

  11. Colo-articular fistula following a Girdlestone resection arthroplasty

    PubMed Central

    El-Daly, Ibraheim; Natarajan, Brenavan; Rajakulendran, Karthig; Symons, Sean

    2014-01-01

    Colo-articular fistulas are rare complications that are usually associated with inflammatory, infective or malignant bowel disease. We report the case of a 44-year-old male who was found to have a colo-articular fistula intra-operatively during the washout of a septic hip joint. The patient had no pre-existing bowel disease, but was an intravenous drug user, who had previously undergone a Girdlestone procedure for osteomyelitis of the proximal femur. The patient was managed through a multi-disciplinary team approach with subsequent debridement and formation of a transverse loop colostomy to control the faeculent fistulous discharge. PMID:24876512

  12. Current treatment of rectovaginal fistula in Crohn’s disease

    PubMed Central

    Zhu, Yan-Fei; Tao, Guo-Qing; Zhou, Ning; Xiang, Chen

    2011-01-01

    Rectovaginal fistula (RVF) continues to be the most difficult perianal manifestation of Crohn’s disease to treat. This devastating and disabling complication has a significant impact on patients’ quality of life and presents unique management challenges. Current therapeutic approaches include many medical therapeutics and surgical treatments with a wide range of success rates reported. However, current evidence is lacking to support any recommendation. The choice of repair depends on various patient and disease factors and basic surgical tenets. In this article, we review the current options to consider in the treatment of Crohn’s-related RVF, and try to evaluate their effects on fistulae closure and quality of life. PMID:21448347

  13. Primary Aortoesophageal Fistula due to Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm

    PubMed Central

    Prokakis, Christos; Charoulis, Nikolaos; Tselikos, Dimitrios; Koletsis, Efstratios N.; Apostolakis, Efstratios; Dougenis, Dimitrios

    2009-01-01

    Aortoesophageal fistula is a rare emergency that presents a real challenge for cardiothoracic surgeons. There have been few reports of survivors. We present the case of a 70-year-old man with aortoesophageal fistula, mediastinal abscess, and severe septicemia consequent to esophageal erosion and rupture of a chronic degenerative descending thoracic aortic aneurysm. The patient underwent successful surgical treatment by aorto–aortic bypass and bipolar esophageal exclusion in conjunction with a cervical esophagostomy and a feeding gastrostomy. The pleural cavity was copiously irrigated and drained. Three months later, a retrosternal gastric bypass operation was performed successfully. The patient's 6-month follow-up examination revealed no problems. PMID:20069092

  14. Colovesical fistula caused by an ingested chicken bone.

    PubMed

    Clements, Matthew B; Hedrick, Traci L; Colen, David L; Schenkman, Noah S

    2013-12-01

    Colovesical fistula involving the sigmoid colon is the most common fistulous communication between the gastrointestinal tract and the urinary bladder. These tracts are most commonly associated with diverticulitis but might arise secondary to a neoplasm, inflammatory bowel disease, iatrogenic injuries, radiation therapy, trauma, or foreign bodies. We describe a patient who developed a fistula between the sigmoid colon and bladder secondary to an ingested chicken bone that lodged in a colonic diverticulum. A portion of the foreign body was removed by direct visualization on colonoscopy; the remaining fragment passed spontaneously per urethra after hospital discharge. PMID:24295267

  15. [Tension hemothorax associated with congenital pulmonary arteriovenous fistula].

    PubMed

    Saito, Y; Shitara, M; Uragami, T; Satake, A; Yamakawa, Y; Kasugai, T

    2009-01-01

    We describe a case of intrapleural rupture of pulmonary arteriovenous fistula A 37-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with a sudden onset of right chest pain. A computed tomography scan showed massive pleural effusion and tension hemothorax. Subsequently the patient went into shock. Partial resection of the lung was performed emergently. Pulmonary arteriovenous fistula is often associated with Rendu-Osler-Weber disease (ROW). Because of her brain arteriovenous malformation and family history, we could not exclude the possibility of ROW. PMID:19195190

  16. Endovascular Repair of a Secondary Aorto-Appendiceal Fistula

    SciTech Connect

    Tse, Donald M. L., E-mail: donald.tse@gmail.com [John Radcliffe Hospital, Headington, Department of Interventional Radiology (United Kingdom); Thompson, Andrew R. A.; Perkins, Jeremy [John Radcliffe Hospital, Headington, Department of Vasculary Surgery (United Kingdom); Bratby, Mark J.; Anthony, Susan; Uberoi, Raman [John Radcliffe Hospital, Headington, Department of Interventional Radiology (United Kingdom)

    2011-10-15

    Aortoenteric fistula (AEF) is an uncommon but serious complication occurring after aortic surgery and may occur at any site in the gastrointestinal tract, with the duodenum being the most common. Conventional surgical repair of secondary AEF has high mortality, whereas endovascular repair has emerged as an alternative treatment despite concerns about persistent or recurrent infection. We report the case of a 91-year old man who was admitted with rectal bleeding from an aorto-appendiceal fistula 9 years after open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. This rare site for AEF was diagnosed on computed tomography, and we present the first case of endovascular treatment of this uncommon complication.

  17. Spinal dural arteriovenous fistula presenting with paraplegia following lumbar puncture.

    PubMed

    Koerts, Guus; Vanthuyne, Vincent; Delavallee, Maxime; Rooijakkers, Herbert; Raftopoulos, Christian

    2013-07-01

    Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas are rare lesions with an annual incidence of 1 per 100,000 population. In patients with this disease, an abnormal vascular dural shunt exists between a dural branch of a segmental artery and a subdural radicular vein that drains the perimedullary venous system, leading to venous hypertension and secondary congestive myelopathy. Generally, patients present with progressive paraparesis, urinary disturbances, and gait ataxia. In this report the authors describe a 61-year-old woman with a spinal dural arteriovenous fistula who developed an acute paraplegia after a nontraumatic lumbar puncture. The possible underlying mechanisms and treatment options are discussed. PMID:23641674

  18. Enteroscrotal fistula: a rare complication of incarcerated inguinal hernia.

    PubMed

    Sharif, Muhammad; Ijaz, Lubna; Iqbal, Shahid; Sheikh, Afzal

    2010-07-01

    Inguinal hernia is a frequent surgical condition encountered of pediatric age group. It may get incarcerated and at times strangulated requiring prompt intervention. However if lesion is not treated timely a host of complications may occur. Enteroscrotal fistula is one such rare complication that may follow such discourse. We report a case of 25-days old male neonate who presented with enteroscrotal fistula due to incarcerated right inguinal hernia. Patient was explored through abdomen and the involved part of ileum was resected and ileo-ileal anastomosis performed. PMID:22953264

  19. A bill of rights for patients with obstetric fistula.

    PubMed

    Wall, L Lewis

    2014-12-01

    According to the seven categories of vulnerability proposed by Kipnis (cognitive, juridical, deferential, medical, allocational, social, and infrastructural), and the four generally accepted principles of biomedical ethics (respect, beneficence, non-maleficence, and fairness), women with obstetric fistulas are an exceptionally vulnerable population. Therefore, they merit special consideration in both clinical care and research settings. Adoption of a formal bill of rights for patients with fistula similar to the one proposed in the present report should be encouraged at all facilities where these women are treated. Acknowledgment of their rights would help to improve their care and end the abuses they are exposed to in institutional settings. PMID:25194211

  20. Complicated rectovaginal fistula secondary to Bartholin's cyst infection.

    PubMed

    Nasser, Haydar A; Mendes, Vanessa Marron; Zein, Farah; Tanios, Bassem Y; Berjaoui, Tarek

    2014-04-01

    Rectovaginal fistula formation secondary to Bartholin's cyst is a very rare complication, and to date only three cases were reported in the literature. We report a case of a 32-year-old woman who suffered recurrent episodes of Bartholin's cyst infection with subsequent abscess formation that resulted in rectovaginal fistula formation. We treated her initially with transperineal repair; however, the fistulous tract recurred a month later. A laparoscopic colostomy and transperineal repair using biological graft was then performed, with excellent results. The patient underwent reversal of colostomy after 2 months, and remained asymptomatic upon follow-up 12 months later. PMID:24428845

  1. Angiographic and Interventional Management for a Esophagopericardial Fistula

    SciTech Connect

    Wu, Keng, E-mail: zjwukeng@hotmail.com; You, Qiong, E-mail: qiong_you@yahoo.cn; He, Song-Jian; Mo, Hai-Liang [Affiliated hospital of Guangdong Medical College, Department of Cardiology (China)

    2013-06-19

    We reported a case of a 78-year-old patient with esophagopericardial fistula who was referred for angiographic and interventional management. Emergent implantation of the esophageal stent could not lengthen or even save the patient’s life. One week later, the patient died of multiple organ failure, which was probably from formation of granulation tissue and stent migration. Therefore, if the inflammatory to the esophagopericardial fistula had been better controlled initially, and the implantation of the esophageal stent delayed, our patient would have survived.

  2. [Massive pneumocephalus and cerebrospinal fluid fistula after thoracotomy].

    PubMed

    Olarra, J; Longarela, A

    2008-10-01

    We report the case of a 70-year-old man (ASA physical status 2) who developed massive pneumocephalus caused by a fistula between the subarachnoid and pleural spaces following a left pneumonectomy. After an uneventful immediate postoperative period, the patient was readmitted to the recovery care unit with dyspnea, intense headache, confusion, and diminished level of consciousness. Computed tomography confirmed a cerebrospinal fluid fistula secondary to the opening of the intradural space during tumor resection. Treatment was conservative, consisting of rest in a slightly Trendelenburg position, antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent meningitis, and a water seal on the thoracic drainage tube. PMID:18982788

  3. Vaginal dilator therapy for women receiving pelvic radiotherapy

    PubMed Central

    Miles, Tracie; Johnson, Nick

    2014-01-01

    Background Many vaginal dilator therapy guidelines advocate routine vaginal dilation during and after pelvic radiotherapy to prevent stenosis (abnormal narrowing of the vagina). The UK Gynaecological Oncology Nurse Forum recommend dilation “three times weekly for an indefinite time period”. The UK patient charity Cancer Backup advises using vaginal dilators from two to eight weeks after the end of radiotherapy treatment. Australian guidelines recommend dilation after brachytherapy “as soon as is comfortably possible” and “certainly within four weeks and to continue for three years or indefinitely if possible”. However, dilation is intrusive, uses health resources and can be psychologically distressing. It has also caused rare but very serious damage to the rectum. Objectives To review the benefits and harms of vaginal dilation therapy associated with pelvic radiotherapy for cancer. Search methods Searches included the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (The Cochrane Library 2008, Issue 4), MEDLINE (1950 to 2008), EMBASE (1980 to 2008) and CINAHL (1982 to 2008). Selection criteria Any comparative randomised controlled trials (RCT) or data of any type which compared dilation or penetration of the vagina after pelvic radiotherapy treatment for cancer. Data collection and analysis The review authors independently abstracted data and assessed risk of bias. We analysed the mean difference in sexual function scores and the risk ratio for non-compliance at six weeks and three months in single trial analyses. No trials met the inclusion criteria. Main results Dilation during or immediately after radiotherapy can, in rare cases, cause damage and there is no persuasive evidence from any study to demonstrate that it prevents stenosis. Data from one RCT showed no improvement in sexual scores in women who were encouraged to practice dilation. Two case series and one comparative study using historical controls suggest that dilation might be associated with a longer vaginal length but these data cannot reasonably be interpreted to show that dilation caused the change in the vagina. Authors’ conclusions Routine dilation during or soon after cancer treatment may be harmful. There is no reliable evidence to show that routine regular vaginal dilation during or after radiotherapy prevents the late effects of radiotherapy or improves quality of life. Gentle vaginal exploration might separate the vaginal walls before they can stick together and some women may benefit from dilation therapy once inflammation has settled but there are no good comparative supporting data. PMID:20824858

  4. Effect of dehydroepiandrosterone on vaginal and uterine histomorphology in the rat

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Antigone Sourla; Michel Flamand; Alain Bélanger; Fernand Labrie

    1998-01-01

    Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) applied on the dorsal skin of ovariectomized animals, at the twice daily dose of 30mg, resulted in a complete reversal of the vaginal atrophy seen 1, 3 and 6months after ovariectomy, and induced proliferation and mucification of the vaginal epithelium. A similar mucification of the vaginal epithelium related to androgenic action was observed in intact rats treated with

  5. Successful pregnancy outcome in an untreated case of concomitant transverse complete vaginal septum with unicornuate uterus.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Naina; Tayade, Surekha

    2014-01-01

    Transverse vaginal septum is a result of faulty canalization of embryonic vagina. Septum may be complete but usually has laterally placed tiny hole giving an impression of vaginal vault without cervix. We described a case of untreated transverse vaginal septum with small central aperture diagnosed during labor and unicornuate uterus diagnosed intraoperatively, with successful pregnancy outcome. PMID:25624665

  6. 76 FR 17444 - In the Matter of Certain Vaginal Ring Birth Control Devices; Notice of Investigation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-29

    ...In the Matter of Certain Vaginal Ring Birth Control Devices; Notice of Investigation...after importation of certain vaginal ring birth control devices by reason of infringement...after importation of certain vaginal ring birth control devices that infringe claim 1...

  7. Analysis of Bacterial Vaginosis-Related Amines in Vaginal Fluid by Gas Chromatography and Mass Spectrometry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    HELEN WOLRATH; URBAN FORSUM; P. G. LARSSON; HANS BOREN

    2001-01-01

    The presence of various amines in vaginal fluid from women with malodorous vaginal discharge has been reported before. The investigations have used several techniques to identify the amines. However, an optimized quantification, together with a sensitive analysis method in connection with a diagnostic procedure for vaginal discharge, including the syndrome of bacterial vaginosis, as defined by the accepted \\

  8. Free Glycogen in Vaginal Fluids Is Associated with Lactobacillus Colonization and Low Vaginal pH

    PubMed Central

    Mirmonsef, Paria; Hotton, Anna L.; Gilbert, Douglas; Burgad, Derick; Landay, Alan; Weber, Kathleen M.; Cohen, Mardge; Ravel, Jacques; Spear, Gregory T.

    2014-01-01

    Objective Lactobacillus dominates the lower genital tract microbiota of many women, producing a low vaginal pH, and is important for healthy pregnancy outcomes and protection against several sexually transmitted pathogens. Yet, factors that promote Lactobacillus remain poorly understood. We hypothesized that the amount of free glycogen in the lumen of the lower genital tract is an important determinant of Lactobacillus colonization and a low vaginal pH. Methods Free glycogen in lavage samples was quantified. Pyrosequencing of the 16S rRNA gene was used to identify microbiota from 21 African American women collected over 8–11 years. Results Free glycogen levels varied greatly between women and even in the same woman. Samples with the highest free glycogen had a corresponding median genital pH that was significantly lower (pH 4.4) than those with low glycogen (pH 5.8; p<0.001). The fraction of the microbiota consisting of Lactobacillus was highest in samples with high glycogen versus those with low glycogen (median?=?0.97 vs. 0.05, p<0.001). In multivariable analysis, having 1 vs. 0 male sexual partner in the past 6 months was negatively associated, while BMI ?30 was positively associated with glycogen. High concentrations of glycogen corresponded to higher levels of L. crispatus and L. jensenii, but not L. iners. Conclusion These findings show that free glycogen in genital fluid is associated with a genital microbiota dominated by Lactobacillus, suggesting glycogen is important for maintaining genital health. Treatments aimed at increasing genital free glycogen might impact Lactobacillus colonization. PMID:25033265

  9. Treatment of urethrorectal fistulas caused by radical prostatectomy – two surgical techniques

    PubMed Central

    Krajka, Kazimierz; Fudalewski, Tomasz; Matuszewski, Marcin

    2014-01-01

    Introduction The repair of complex urethrorectal fistulas, which can be the result of treating prostate cancer with radical prostatectomy, is a big problem in urology and its final result is not always satisfactory. There are no universally accepted methods for repairing such fistulas. In our work we present a retrospective analysis of patients treated for urethrorectal fistulas after previous radical prostatectomy. The methods used were the initial excision and suture of the fistula, or a gracilis muscle flap interposition. Material and methods In the years 2000–2012, four patients were treated because of urethrorectal fistulas after radical prostatectomy. In two patients, open radical prostatectomy had been performed. Two other patients had been operated laparoscopically. Two patients had a primary fistula repair. They were operated using anterior perineal access. Two others were treated with the use of a gracilis muscle flap. Results During the follow up, there was no recurrence of fistulas. Medium follow up for the first two patients was 120 and 156 months, and follow up of two other patients was 16 and 23 months. Until now, there were no final postoperative complications. Conclusions Repair of the fistulas requires an individual approach to each case. Excision and suturing of the fistula gives a very good final result, especially when the primary reconstruction is performed. Repair of urethrorectal fistula using a gracilis muscle flap appears to be an excellent option in cases of complex recurrent fistulas. It is also associated with low morbidity in patients and a high success rate. PMID:24982792

  10. Successful endoscopic therapy of postoperative duodenal fistula by lipiodol injection: a new therapeutic approach.

    PubMed

    Ozdil, Burhan; Yamak, Yusuf Ziya; Kece, Can; Cebi, Kibar

    2011-05-01

    Postoperative upper gastrointestinal fistulas or anastomotic leaks with peritonitis are rare but serious clinical conditions. Due to severe fluid and electrolyte imbalance and risk of development of sepsis implementation of efficient and timely management is crucial. Various endoscopic interventions have been performed to date for postoperative upper gastrointestinal fistulas. We herein describe a new therapeutical approach involving lipiodol injection, which we performed to treat a patient who had unsuccessfully undergone surgery for a posttraumatic duodenal fistula. The fistula was then successfully managed by endoscopic lipiodol injection. We present this case due to its interesting nature of a postsurgical duodenal fistula without evident fistula tract, and a successful therapy by a new approach, lipiodol injection. We conclude that this new method offers an option for patients with high operation risk or for those with failed surgery, and this new method may decrease morbidity, mortality and the time required for the closure of duodenal fistulas. PMID:20929423

  11. Treatment of Perianal Fistula and Abscess: Crohn's and Non-Crohn's.

    PubMed

    Mardini, Houssam E; Schwartz, David A

    2007-06-01

    The management of perianal abscesses and fistulas is relatively straightforward in most cases and based on a sound knowledge of the anatomy of the anorectum and adherence to established medical and surgical principles. Asymptomatic fistulas should not be treated, whereas abscesses require surgical drainage under general anesthesia. Fistula treatment includes drainage of any associated sepsis and eradication of the fistula track to prevent recurrence while preserving sphincter integrity. A small percentage of anal abscesses and fistulas are complex and very challenging to manage, particularly in conditions such as rectovaginal fistulas and abscesses and/or fistulas complicating Crohn's disease. Treatment strategies in these situations rely on an accurate clinical assessment of the degree of rectal inflammation and perianal pathology. Treatment should combine aggressive medical therapy (antibiotics, immunomodulators, and anti-tumor necrosis factor antibody treatment) and minimal surgical interventions. Patients with proctitis have a significantly lower healing rate and a significantly higher complication rate with aggressive surgical interventions. PMID:17547859

  12. Anal endosonography for recurrent anal fistulas: image enhancement with hydrogen peroxide.

    PubMed

    Cheong, D M; Nogueras, J J; Wexner, S D; Jagelman, D G

    1993-12-01

    Anal endosonography is a new technique that is useful in the preoperative assessment of patients with anal fistulas. Endosonographic images are created by the reflection of sound waves from the interfaces between tissues of varying densities. In order to accentuate tissue interface layers at the level of the fistula tract, we introduced hydrogen peroxide into the fistula tract through the external opening during anal ultrasonography in two patients with recurrent anal fistula. Hydrogen peroxide injection resulted in hyperechoic imaging of the preinjection hypoechoic horseshoe fistula tract. Endosonographic findings were confirmed at the time of surgery in both patients. We conclude that hydrogen peroxide enhancement of the fistula tract is a simple, effective, and safe method of improving the accuracy of endoanal ultrasound assessment of recurrent anal fistula. PMID:8253014

  13. Stereotactic Radiosurgery for the Treatment of Low-Flow Carotid-Cavernous Fistulae: Results in a Series of 25 Cases

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Juan L. Barcia-Salorio; Francisco Soler; Juan A. Barcia; Gregorio Hernández

    1994-01-01

    25 patients with low-flow carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF) underwent radiosurgery between 1977 and 1992. 22 had spontaneous low flow fistulae and 3 traumatic high flow fistulae which had been previously treated with internal carotid trapping. The mean preoperative symptomatic period was 12.2 months (4–24 months). Fistulae were classified according to Barrow's classification. Type T was added for traumatic, high-flow fistulae with

  14. The vaginal microbiome, vaginal anti-microbial defence mechanisms and the clinical challenge of reducing infection-related preterm birth.

    PubMed

    Witkin, S S

    2015-01-01

    Ascending bacterial infection is implicated in about 40-50% of preterm births. The human vaginal microbiota in most women is dominated by lactobacilli. In women whose vaginal microbiota is not lactobacilli-dominated anti-bacterial defence mechanisms are reduced. The enhanced proliferation of pathogenic bacteria plus degradation of the cervical barrier increase bacterial passage into the endometrium and amniotic cavity and trigger preterm myometrial contractions. Evaluation of protocols to detect the absence of lactobaciili dominance in pregnant women by self-measuring vaginal pH, coupled with measures to promote growth of lactobacilli are novel prevention strategies that may reduce the occurrence of preterm birth in low-resource areas. PMID:25316066

  15. Evaluation of the Effects of a New Intravaginal Gel, Containing Purified Bovine Colostrum, on Vaginal Blood Flow and Vaginal Atrophy in Ovariectomized Rat

    PubMed Central

    Vailati, Silvia; Melloni, Elsa; Riscassi, Ermanno; Behr Roussel, Delphine; Sardina, Marco

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Vaginal dryness due to vaginal atrophy is a common complaint of postmenopausal women, interfering with sexual function and quality of life. Hormone replacement therapy is the only effective therapy but with known risks that leave unmet medical needs. A new product, ZP-025 vaginal gel, containing purified (dialyzed lyophilized) bovine colostrum, has been developed for the treatment of vaginal dryness secondary to vaginal atrophy. Aim The study aims to investigate the effects of intravaginal application of ZP-025 on vaginal atrophy using an animal model. Methods Ovariectomized female Sprague-Dawley rats were used. Three weeks after surgery, rats were divided into four groups and treated for 4 weeks (twice a day) with placebo or ZP-025 at low (0.5%) or high (2.3%) concentrations of colostrum; in the control group, rats did not receive any treatment. Changes in vaginal blood flow due to pelvic nerve stimulation were assessed by laser Doppler flowmetry and vaginal tissue was collected for histological assay. Main Outcome Measures The main outcome measures were vaginal blood flow before and after pelvic nerve stimulation and histology of vaginal epithelium. Results Treatment with ZP-025 to ovariectomized rats induced an increase of vaginal blood flow parameters (vascular capacitance, amplitude and area under the curve of the response) in response to pelvic nerve stimulation compared with control group, statistically significant at 2.3%. Vaginal epithelium showed a physiological estrous cycle aspect in treated animals, with at least five cell layers vs. one or two cell layers in control rats. As expected from a topical formulation, systemic effects on body weights and uterine wet weights were not observed with application of ZP-025. Conclusions In this study, the new product ZP-025, containing purified colostrum, was shown to have beneficial effects on vaginal atrophy in ovariectomized rats, improving vaginal hemodynamics and thickness of vaginal epithelium. Vailati S, Melloni E, Riscassi E, Behr Roussel D, and Sardina M. Evaluation of the effects of a new intravaginal gel, containing purified bovine colostrum, on vaginal blood flow and vaginal atrophy in ovariectomized rat. Sex Med 2013;1:35–43. PMID:25356286

  16. A Rare Case of Foreign Body Causing Recurrent Vaginal Discharge in Prepubertal Child

    PubMed Central

    Gobbur, Raghavendra.H.; Patil, Ashwini.G; Endigeri, Preetish

    2015-01-01

    Vaginal discharge in prepubertal children is mainly due to hypoestrogenic state of vaginal mucosa making it thin and alkaline leading to mucosal invasion by pathogen. In a paediatric case with persistent foul smelling , blood stained vaginal discharge not responding to medical therapy, vaginal foreign body should always be ruled out. Here, we report a 3 -year -old girl with complaint of recurrent vaginal discharge occasionally blood stained not relieved despite few antibiotics courses. On X -ray pelvis, a radioopaque foreign body hair clip was seen. Under sedation foreign body was removed by forceps following which child became asymptomatic. PMID:25738041

  17. Volume flow in arteriovenous fistulas using vector velocity ultrasound.

    PubMed

    Hansen, Peter Møller; Olesen, Jacob Bjerring; Pihl, Michael Johannes; Lange, Theis; Heerwagen, Søren; Pedersen, Mads Møller; Rix, Marianne; Lönn, Lars; Jensen, Jørgen Arendt; Nielsen, Michael Bachmann

    2014-11-01

    Volume flow in arteriovenous fistulas for hemodialysis was measured using the angle-independent ultrasound technique Vector Flow Imaging and compared with flow measurements using the ultrasound dilution technique during dialysis. Using an UltraView 800 ultrasound scanner (BK Medical, Herlev, Denmark) with a linear transducer, 20 arteriovenous fistulas were scanned directly on the most superficial part of the fistula just before dialysis. Vector Flow Imaging volume flow was estimated with two different approaches, using the maximum and the average flow velocities detected in the fistula. Flow was estimated to be 242 mL/min and 404 mL/min lower than the ultrasound dilution technique estimate, depending on the approach. The standard deviations of the two Vector Flow Imaging approaches were 175.9 mL/min and 164.8 mL/min compared with a standard deviation of 136.9 mL/min using the ultrasound dilution technique. The study supports that Vector Flow Imaging is applicable for volume flow measurements. PMID:25282482

  18. System identification of perilymphatic fistula in an animal model

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wall, C. 3rd; Casselbrant, M. L.

    1992-01-01

    An acute animal model has been developed in the chinchilla for the study of perilymphatic fistulas. Micropunctures were made in three sites to simulate bony, round window, and oval window fistulas. The eye movements in response to pressure applied to the external auditory canal were recorded after micropuncture induction and in preoperative controls. The main pressure stimulus was a pseudorandom binary sequence (PRBS) that rapidly changed between plus and minus 200 mm of water. The PRBS stimulus, with its wide frequency bandwidth, produced responses clearly above the preoperative baseline in 78 percent of the runs. The response was better between 0.5 and 3.3 Hz than it was below 0.5 Hz. The direction of horizontal eye movement was toward the side of the fistula with positive pressure applied in 92 percent of the runs. Vertical eye movements were also observed. The ratio of vertical eye displacement to horizontal eye displacement depended upon the site of the micropuncture induction. Thus, such a ratio measurement may be clinically useful in the noninvasive localization of perilymphatic fistulas in humans.

  19. Prevention of hemodialysis fistula thrombosis. Early detection of venous stenoses

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steve J Schwab; John R Raymond; Moshin Saeed; Glenn E Newman; Patricia A Dennis; R Randal Bollinger

    1989-01-01

    Prevention of hemodialysis fistula thrombosis. Early detection of venous stenoses. Venous dialysis pressures were measured consecutively in 168 chronic hemodialysis patients for 265 patient-years of monitored dialysis. Venous dialysis pressure > 150 mm Hg measured by the protocol were considered elevated. Seventy-three patients had elevated venous dialysis pressures and 58 agreed to undergo elective venography (fistulogram). Fifty of 58 patients

  20. Condylomata acuminata within perianal fistulae tracts: report of two cases.

    PubMed

    Panidis, Stavros; Paramythiotis, Daniel; Papadopoulos, Vasileios N; Michalopoulos, Antonios

    2015-04-01

    The commonest sights of appearance of condylomata acuminata are in the genital and anal regions. Herein we present two cases of condylomata within perianal fistulae tracts, resulting in recurrence in one case and a malignant-like tumour in the second. To our knowledge, these are the first cases reported in the literature. PMID:24872374

  1. Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss: The Question of Perilymph Fistula.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Backous, Douglas D.; Niparko, John K.

    1997-01-01

    Perilymph fistula (PLF) is an abnormal communication between the fluid-containing spaces of the inner ear and the air-containing spaces of the temporal bone that can cause hearing loss, tinnitus, aural fullness, vertigo, and postural instability. Diagnosis of PLF and management of those with presumed PLF are discussed. (Contains extensive…

  2. Surgical Treatment of Coronary Artery Aneurysm with Coronary Artery Fistula

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hironori Inoue; Masahiro Ueno; Hiroyuki Yamamoto; Kazuhisa Matsumoto; Koji Tao; Ryuzo Sakata

    Coronary artery aneurysm (CAA) is an uncommon disease with an incidence of 1%-5% in evaluated patients. Atherosclerosis is its most common etiology in adults, occurring in 50% of cases. Also, CAA is associated with predisposing factors such as Kawasaki disease, stent- angioplasty, and notably, coronary artery fistula. Most CAAs are asymptomatic but occasionally lead to life-threatening conditions, such as rupture,

  3. Coated collagen patches for closure of pharyngo-cutaneous fistulas.

    PubMed

    Weiss, Bernhard G; Ihler, Friedrich; Matthias, Christoph; Canis, Martin

    2014-01-01

    After laryngectomy or lateral pharyngotomy for treatment of laryngeal or hypopharyngeal cancer the occurrence of a pharyngo-cutaneous fistula is a challenging complication. Especially after previous radiotherapy and expanded surgical resections of mucosa the management is demanding. Besides the prolonged hospital stay, increased treatment costs and reduced quality of life, a delayed adjuvant treatment follows the development of a fistula. Treatment strategies range from conservative procedures comprising parenteral nutrition, antibiotics and local wound care to primary surgical closure or reconstructive tissue transfer. We report three cases of using the fibrin/thrombin-coated collagen patch TachoSil(®) as a solitary or adjuvant strategy in surgical treatment. In one patient primary closure of the fistula was achieved by transoral application of the collagen patch. In the other cases a not tension free primary suture was strengthened by the adjuvant use of TachoSil(®). The healing process was rapid and straightforward in all patients. The use of TachoSil(®) may be indicated in between conservative treatment strategies and reconstructive surgery. After occurrence of a fistula the healing process is intended to be accelerated by primary closure with TachoSil(®) or by sealing of a primary suture. PMID:24315631

  4. Choice of Flap Affects Fistula Rate after Salvage Laryngopharyngectomy

    PubMed Central

    Kao, Huang-Kai; Abdelrahman, Mohamed; Chang, Kai-Ping; Wu, Chao-Min; Hung, Shao-Yu; Shyu, Victor Bong-Hang

    2015-01-01

    Due to the significant morbidity and mortality associated with pharyngocutaneous fistula in pharyngoesophageal reconstruction following cancer resection, the purpose of this retrospective study is to examine the selection of tubed skin flaps that impact anastomotic integrity. The flaps evaluated included radial forearm flap versus anterolateral thigh flap, and fasciocutaneous anterolateral thigh flap versus chimeric anterolateral thigh flap. The outcome of interest is the incidence of pharyngocutaneous fistula. The radial forearm group had a significantly higher rate of fistula than the anterolateral thigh group (56.6% vs. 30.2%, p = 0.03). No significant difference in the incidence of fistula was demonstrated between fasciocutaneous and chimeric anterolateral thigh flap (36.8% vs. 25%, p = 0.51). The anastomotic integrity in pharyngoesopharyngeal reconstruction is affected by choice of skin flaps. Anterolateral thigh flap appears to be a viable option for pharyngoesophageal reconstruction. The more technical demand of the anterolateral thigh flap must be weighed against an easily harvested radial forearm flap. PMID:25776941

  5. Gallbladder Papillomatosis and Cholecystocolonic Fistula: A Rare Combination

    PubMed Central

    Kuo, Jenn-Yuan; Jao, Yeun Tarl Fresner Ng

    2014-01-01

    Patient: Female, 81 Final Diagnosis: Gallbladder papillomatosis Symptoms: Epigastric pain Medication: — Clinical Procedure: — Specialty: Gastroenterology and Hepatology Objective: Rare disease Background: Biliary papillomatosis (BP) with sole involvement of the gall bladder or gall bladder papillomatosis (GBP) is very rare. Biliary-enteric fistula, particularly the cholecystocolonic fistula (CCF) type, is also very rare. The combination of both types of lesions in a single patient has never previously been reported in the English literature. Case Report: We report herein the case of an 81-year-old woman who was diagnosed with both disease entities, which occurred in a cause-and-effect relationship. She underwent resection of the gall bladder with closure of the fistula, and was discharged improved afterwards. Conclusions: GBP is a premalignant condition that warrants extensive resection. An absent Murphy’s sign or jaundice on physical examination should not rule out this disease or accompanying biliary tract infection because a biliary-enteric fistula may be present. Thorough review of the radiologic images should be performed, since subtle details could be easily missed or dismissed, thus affecting the postoperative course. A CCF should alert the physician that another disease entity is present. PMID:25351203

  6. Traumatic carotid cavernous fistula associated with a mandibular fracture

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. O. Paza; G. J. Farah; L. A. Passeri

    2008-01-01

    Carotid cavernous sinus fistula is an abnormal vascular interconnection between a branch of the carotid artery and the cavernous sinus. This is an uncommon complication of craniofacial injuries, as it occurs in only 0.17–0.27% of cases, according to the literature. The differential diagnosis should include superior orbital fissure syndrome, orbital apex syndrome, orbital haematoma and cavernous sinus thrombosis. The case

  7. The cerebral circulation in cases of carotid cavernous fistula

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Watanabe; R. Ishii; Y. Suzuki; K. Hirano; M. Kamada; M. Kikuoka; H. Okamura; S. Ono

    1990-01-01

    Ten patients with carotid cavernous fistula (CCF) were reviewed. Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) for regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) study was performed in six patients with fast flow shunt. Five of these six patients with fast flow shunt angiographically demonstrated cortical venous drainage, and two of these patients suffered intracerebral hemorrhage. The rCBF decreased in the region demonstrating

  8. Marginal sinus fistula supplied exclusively by vertebral artery feeders

    PubMed Central

    Tekle, Wondwossen G; Grigoryan, Mikayel; Tummala, Ramachandra P

    2013-01-01

    A 54-year-old woman is reported with severe pulsatile tinnitus. Digital subtraction angiography demonstrated dural arteriovenous fistula of the marginal sinus with feeders arising exclusively from bilateral vertebral arteries. Patient underwent successful transarterial Onyx embolization with complete angiographic and clinical cure. PMID:24358414

  9. Spontaneous carotid-cavernous fistula with fibromuscular dysplasia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. H. Kaufman; T. A. Lind; S. Mullan

    1978-01-01

    Summary A young woman presented with a spontaneous carotid-cavernous fistula. She also had fibromuscular dysplasia of the extracranial cerebral arteries. The possible relationship of the two diseases brought up important questions concerning how to manage the patient. Treatment by obliteration of the carotid circulation on one side would be expected to increase blood flow on the other side. If the

  10. Doppler mapping of direct carotid-cavernous fistulae (DCCF)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    László J Molnár; José Guilherme M. P Caldas; Rodrigo G. C Garcia; Giovanni Guido Cerri

    2001-01-01

    The aims of this study were to establish Doppler criteria for identifying direct carotid-cavernous fistulae (DCCF), as well as the level of agreement between results obtained by Doppler mapping vs. angiography. Doppler mapping and angiography were used to assess the direction of flow in the superior ophthalmic veins and the resistivity index in the internal carotid arteries of 30 patients

  11. Transient third nerve palsy after electrometallicthrombosis of carotid cavernous fistulae

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W B Wilson; P R Bringewald; Y Hosobuchi; W F Hoyt

    1976-01-01

    Three patients had oculomotor nerve palsy as a complication of the treatment of carotid cavernous fistulae by electrometallicthrombosis of the cavernous sinus. In two, third nerve function returned without misdirection in two months or less. One was left with a partial third nerve palsy, also without misdirection.

  12. Breast Fistula Repair after Autologous Fat Graft: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Klinger, Francesco Maria; Caviggioli, Fabio; Forcellini, Davide; Vinci, Valeriano; Maione, Luca; Pajardi, Giorgio; Klinger, Marco

    2011-01-01

    We report the case of a 55-year-old female patient who attended our clinic for the presence of a scar retraction in the upper pole of the left breast as a complication of breast augmentation. In the scar area, we observed an orifice that probing revealed to be a fistula. The patient was referred to surgical intervention under general anesthesia to obtain scar contracture release using autologous fat graft; one month after autologous fat injection, following healing of the fistula, the patient underwent a second surgical procedure to replace the left breast implant. Unexpectedly, two weeks after the surgical procedure, complete healing of the breast fistula within the scar area was observed; this observation was confirmed during the second surgical step for left breast implant repositioning, when we observed the absence of the fistula orifice in the breast implant cavity. Upon clinical examination at 1-year followup, tissue integrity was preserved. The patient's satisfaction was excellent. We have observed a possible additional effect of fat graft. PMID:21687540

  13. Breast fistula repair after autologous fat graft: a case report.

    PubMed

    Klinger, Francesco Maria; Caviggioli, Fabio; Forcellini, Davide; Vinci, Valeriano; Maione, Luca; Pajardi, Giorgio; Klinger, Marco

    2011-01-01

    We report the case of a 55-year-old female patient who attended our clinic for the presence of a scar retraction in the upper pole of the left breast as a complication of breast augmentation. In the scar area, we observed an orifice that probing revealed to be a fistula. The patient was referred to surgical intervention under general anesthesia to obtain scar contracture release using autologous fat graft; one month after autologous fat injection, following healing of the fistula, the patient underwent a second surgical procedure to replace the left breast implant. Unexpectedly, two weeks after the surgical procedure, complete healing of the breast fistula within the scar area was observed; this observation was confirmed during the second surgical step for left breast implant repositioning, when we observed the absence of the fistula orifice in the breast implant cavity. Upon clinical examination at 1-year followup, tissue integrity was preserved. The patient's satisfaction was excellent. We have observed a possible additional effect of fat graft. PMID:21687540

  14. Multiple circumferential urethrocutaneous fistulae: a rare complication of circumcision.

    PubMed

    Agrawal, Amit; Parelkar, Sandesh; Shah, Hemanshi; Sanghvi, Beejal; Joshi, Millind; Mishra, Pankaj

    2009-06-01

    The complications of circumcision are wide ranging, urethrocutaneous fistula being one of the less common. This complication affects the ventral aspect of the penis and is usually solitary. We present a rare case of multiple fistulae after circumcision with two fistulae over the dorsal aspect of the penis. A 6-year-old male child presented with passage of urine from four openings. He had undergone a ritual circumcision by non-medical personnel. The urinary steam from the normally situated meatus was thin. The patient was passing urine mainly from the two openings which were situated on the dorsolateral aspect of the penis. On physical examination, there were three fistulous openings circumferentially over the corona, two over the dorsal aspect and one over the ventral aspect. During surgery a loop of linen thread was found eroding the urethra along with a constriction ring at the corona causing a 'tourniquet-like' effect. All three external urethral openings were combining to form a single urethral opening at the corona which itself occupied more than half of the urethral circumference. Resection of fistulae with anastomosis of the urethra was carried out. Postoperatively, the patient passed urine from a normal meatus with a good stream. PMID:19097822

  15. Naso-cutaneous fistula following transcanalicular laser dacrocystorhinostomy

    PubMed Central

    Goel, Ruchi; Garg, Sonam; Nagpal, Smriti; Kumar, Sushil; Kamal, Saurabh

    2013-01-01

    We report a case of naso-cutaneous fistula due to thermal injury during transcanalicular laser dacryocystorhinostomy followed by superadded infection with coagulase negative staphylococcus in a diabetic patient. The case highlights the importance of meticulous wound care in the management and possibility of its occurrence even with minor thermal injury in immunocompromised patients. PMID:24526863

  16. Closure of Bronchopleural Fistula with Angio-Seal

    SciTech Connect

    Pianta, Marcus, E-mail: marcuspianta@hotmail.com [Alfred Hospital, Department of Radiology (Australia); Vargas, Patricio; Niedmann, Juan [Clinica Alemana de Santiago, Department of Radiology (Chile); Lyon, Stuart [The Alfred Hospital, Department of Radiology (Australia)

    2011-02-15

    Bronchopleural fistula is rare and occurs most often after trauma or surgery. Conservative management and support comprise the initial treatment, but if unsuccessful, surgical closure is usually required. We describe for what is to our knowledge the first successful use of an Angio-Seal vascular closure device in a patient who was not a candidate for surgery.

  17. Labial Adhesion with Acute Urinary Retention Secondary to Vaginitis

    PubMed Central

    ?entürk, ?enol; Üstüner, Pelin; Bal?k, Gül?ah; Ka??tc?, Mehmet; Ural, Ülkü Mete; ?ahin, Figen K?r

    2014-01-01

    Labial adhesion occurs most often in infants and girls and is usually associated with low estrogen levels. Labial adhesion in the reproductive age group is extremely rare due to abundance of estrogen. Herein we present a case of almost complete labial adhesion with acute urinary retention in a 21-year-old virgin woman secondary to a probable untreated severe vaginitis. PMID:25105038

  18. Penile – vaginal intercourse is better: evidence trumps ideology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    2006-01-01

    It has often been asserted that all sexual behaviours are equal. However, empirical research demonstrates that different sexual behaviours differ in many physiological and psychological domains. These differences are remarkably consistent in revealing an association between specifically penile-vaginal intercourse and indices of better physiological and psychological function. Other sexual behaviours (masturbation, partner masturbation, oral sex, anal sex, or any other

  19. Adaptive Plasticity of Vaginal Innervation in Term Pregnant Rats

    PubMed Central

    Liao, Zhaohui; Smith, Peter G.

    2011-01-01

    Changes in reproductive status place varied functional demands on the vagina. These include receptivity to male intromission and sperm transport in estrus, barrier functions during early pregnancy, and providing a conduit for fetal passage at parturition. Peripheral innervation regulates vaginal function, which in turn may be influenced by circulating reproductive hormones. We assessed vaginal innervation in diestrus and estrus (before and after the estrous cycle surge in estrogen), and in the early (low estrogen) and late (high estrogen) stages in pregnancy. In vaginal sections from cycling rats, axons immunoreactive for the pan-neuronal marker protein gene product 9.5 (PGP 9.5) showed a small reduction at estrus relative to diestrus, but this difference did not persist after correcting for changes in target size. No changes were detected in axons immunoreactive for tyrosine hydroxylase (sympathetic), vesicular acetylcholine transporter (parasympathetic), or calcitonin gene-related peptide and transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV-1; sensory nociceptors). In rats at 10 days of pregnancy, innervation was similar to that observed in cycling rats. However, at 21 days of pregnancy, axons immunoreactive for PGP 9.5 and each of the subpopulation-selective markers were significantly reduced both when expressed as percentage of sectional area or after correcting for changes in target size. Because peripheral nerves regulate vaginal smooth muscle tone, blood flow, and pain sensitivity, reductions in innervation may represent important adaptive mechanisms facilitating parturition. PMID:21666101

  20. Benefits of Laser Therapy in Postmenopausal Vaginal Atrophy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brînzan, Daniela; P?iu?an, Lucian; Da?c?u, Voicu; Fur?u, Gheorghe

    2011-08-01

    Maybe the worst aspect of menopause is the decline of the quality of the sexual life. The aim of the study is to demonstrate the beneficial effects of laser therapy in comparison with topical application of estrogen preparations, for the treatment of vaginal atrophy and sexual dysfunctions induced by menopause. A total of 50 menopausal patients were examined during a one year period. The methods used for objectifying vaginal atrophy and sexual dysfunctions were history taking, local clinical exam and PAP smear. From this group, 40 patients had vaginal atrophy with sexual dysfunctions. They have been treated differently, being included in four groups: patients treated with local estrogens, patients treated with intravaginal laser therapy, patients treated with both laser therapy and estrogens, patients treated with estrogens and placebo laser therapy. Therapeutic benefit, improvement of vaginal atrophy and quality of sexual life, were objectified by anamnesis (questionnaire), local and general clinical examination and PAP smear. The best results have been obtained, by far, in the 3rd group, followed by the women treated only with laser. In conclusion, we can say that laser therapy is the best way for solving the sexual inconveniences of menopause.

  1. Conservative Management of Placenta Accreta/Increta after Vaginal Birth

    PubMed Central

    Peiffer, S.; Reinhard, J.; Reitter, A.; Louwen, F.

    2012-01-01

    Aim: Aim of the study was to show that conservative management with preservation of the uterus and of fertility is possible in patients with placenta accreta/increta after vaginal delivery. Method: A retrospective analysis of patients with placental attachment disorders after vaginal delivery was done in a perinatal centre between November 2009 and April 2011. The patient collective was identified using the ICD-10 codes for placenta accreta/increta/percreta, and patient records were analysed for risk factors, maternal morbidity, preservation of the uterus and of fertility, and neonatal outcome. Results: Three cases of placenta increta were identified in the last 1.5 years out of a total of 1457 vaginal deliveries, and all 3 cases were treated conservatively. Mean maternal age was 35.3 years; gestational age ranged from 39 to 41 weeks, and mean duration between delivery of the child and delivery of the placenta was 44.67 days (range: 14–100 days). Two patients developed symptoms of endomyometritis, including fever, leukocytosis and increased CRP levels. All 3 women were successfully managed with preservation of the uterus. Conclusion: In selected cases with placenta accreta/increta after vaginal delivery, it is possible to avoid surgical procedures, particularly hysterectomy procedures, and successfully manage these patients conservatively with preservation of the uterus. PMID:25308979

  2. Vaginal Practices of HIV-Negative Zimbabwean Women

    PubMed Central

    Turner, Abigail Norris; Morrison, Charles S.; Munjoma, Marshall W.; Moyo, Precious; Chipato, Tsungai; van de Wijgert, Janneke H.

    2010-01-01

    Background. Vaginal practices (VPs) may increase HIV risk by injuring vaginal epithelium or by increasing risk of bacterial vaginosis, an established risk factor for HIV. Methods. HIV-negative Zimbabwean women (n = 2,185) participating in a prospective study on hormonal contraception and HIV risk completed an ancillary questionnaire capturing detailed VP data at quarterly followup visits for two years. Results. Most participants (84%) reported ever cleansing inside the vagina, and at 40% of visits women reported drying the vagina using cloth or paper. Vaginal tightening using cloth/cotton wool, lemon juice, traditional herbs/powders, or other products was reported at 4% of visits. Women with ?15 unprotected sex acts monthly had higher odds of cleansing (adjusted odds ratio (aOR): 1.17, 95% CI: 1.04–1.32). Women with sexually transmitted infections had higher odds of tightening (aOR: 1.42, 95% CI: 1.08–1.86). Conclusion. Because certain vaginal practices were associated with other HIV risk factors, synergism between VPs and other risk factors should be explored. PMID:20871844

  3. Vaginal Douching among University Women in the Southeastern United States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cottrell, Barbara Hansen; Close, Fran T.

    2008-01-01

    Objective: The authors assessed the knowledge, beliefs about, and practices of vaginal douching among women attending 2 universities in the southeastern United States. Participants: There were 416 participants in this study; 46.9% were black and 44.5% were white. Methods: The authors administered a 30-item questionnaire to women enrolled in…

  4. First trimester abortion with mifepristone and vaginal misoprostol

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ulla Breth Knudsen

    2001-01-01

    This study assessed the efficacy and side effects of first trimester medical abortion using mifepristone and vaginally administered misoprostol. Medical abortion was first introduced in Denmark in December 1997, and the acceptability of this new approach in a Danish population was evaluated. The study included the first 100 women seeking medical abortion. The gestational age was from 33 to 56

  5. When is bacterial vaginosis not bacterial vaginosis?--a case of cervical carcinoma presenting as recurrent vaginal anaerobic infection

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M M Hudson; J A Tidy; T A McCulloch; K E Rogstad

    1997-01-01

    Vaginal anaerobic infection is the most common cause of vaginal discharge in women. We present a case of recurrent vaginal anaerobic infection and cervical carcinoma and discuss the association of the two conditions. More frequent cytology\\/colposcopy may be indicated in women who give a history of recurrent or persistent vaginal anaerobic infection.

  6. The effect of antifungal treatment on the vaginal flora of women with vulvo-vaginal yeast infection with or without bacterial vaginosis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. Donders; G. Bellen; J. Ausma; L. Verguts; J. Vaneldere; P. Hinoul; M. Borgers; D. Janssens

    2011-01-01

    Antibacterial therapy may enhance the risk of symptomatic vulvo-vaginal candidosis in susceptible women. We addressed the\\u000a question whether oral antifungal treatment for vulvo-vaginal candidosis also influences the bacterial vaginal microflora.\\u000a One hundred and forty-two patients with a culture-proven acute episode of recurrent vulvo-vaginal candidosis (RVC) were treated\\u000a with fuconazole according to the ReCiDiF regimen (induction dose of 600 mg orally per

  7. Analysis of risk factors associated with vaginal erosion after synthetic sling procedures for stress urinary incontinence.

    PubMed

    Chen, Huey-Yi; Ho, Ming; Hung, Yao-Ching; Huang, Li-Chia

    2008-01-01

    The goal of this study was to analyze the risk factors associated with vaginal erosion after synthetic sling procedure for stress urinary incontinence. Follow-up evaluations were at 1 week, 1 to 3 months, 6 months, and annually after the operation. The evaluations included detailed history taking, vaginal examinations, and perineal ultrasonographic urethrocystography. The vaginal erosion rate (6/239) after the synthetic sling procedure was 2.5%. We assessed the relationship between clinical features and vaginal erosion. Of these, only diabetes mellitus (DM) was a significant risk factor for vaginal erosion. Women with DM were 8.3 times more at risk than women without DM for developing vaginal erosion after synthetic sling procedure (p < 0.05). The vaginal erosion-free rate during the 24-month follow-up decreased significantly in women with DM. The rate of vaginal erosion associated with type III multifilamentous polypropylene sling (intravaginal slingplasty) is 10.7% more than that with type I monofilament polypropylene sling (such as tension-free vaginal tape and inside out transobturator vaginal tape) (p = 0.054). Women with DM should be informed that vaginal erosion is a possible complication after synthetic sling procedure. PMID:17594046

  8. Forensic interlaboratory evaluation of the ForFLUID kit for vaginal fluids identification.

    PubMed

    Giampaoli, Saverio; Alessandrini, Federica; Berti, Andrea; Ripani, Luigi; Choi, Ajin; Crab, Roselien; De Vittori, Elisabetta; Egyed, Balazs; Haas, Cordula; Lee, Hwan Young; Korabecná, Marie; Noel, Fabrice; Podini, Daniele; Tagliabracci, Adriano; Valentini, Alessio; Romano Spica, Vincenzo

    2014-01-01

    Identification of vaginal fluids is an important step in the process of sexual assaults confirmation. Advances in both microbiology and molecular biology defined technical approaches allowing the discrimination of body fluids. These protocols are based on the identification of specific bacterial communities by microfloraDNA (mfDNA) amplification. A multiplex real time-PCR assay (ForFLUID kit) has been developed for identifying biological fluids and for discrimination among vaginal, oral and fecal samples. In order to test its efficacy and reliability of the assay in the identification of vaginal fluids, an interlaboratory evaluation has been performed on homogeneous vaginal swabs. All the involved laboratories were able to correctly recognize all the vaginal swabs, and no false positives were identified when the assay was applied on non-vaginal samples. The assay represents an useful molecular tool that can be easily adopted by forensic geneticists involved in vaginal fluid identification. PMID:24365693

  9. Nanoparticle incorporation of melittin reduces sperm and vaginal epithelium cytotoxicity.

    PubMed

    Jallouk, Andrew P; Moley, Kelle H; Omurtag, Kenan; Hu, Grace; Lanza, Gregory M; Wickline, Samuel A; Hood, Joshua L

    2014-01-01

    Melittin is a cytolytic peptide component of bee venom which rapidly integrates into lipid bilayers and forms pores resulting in osmotic lysis. While the therapeutic utility of free melittin is limited by its cytotoxicity, incorporation of melittin into the lipid shell of a perfluorocarbon nanoparticle has been shown to reduce its toxicity in vivo. Our group has previously demonstrated that perfluorocarbon nanoparticles containing melittin at concentrations <10 µM inhibit HIV infectivity in vitro. In the current study, we assessed the impact of blank and melittin-containing perfluorocarbon nanoparticles on sperm motility and the viability of both sperm and vaginal epithelial cells. We found that free melittin was toxic to sperm and vaginal epithelium at concentrations greater than 2 µM (p<0.001). However, melittin nanoparticles were not cytotoxic to sperm (p?=?0.42) or vaginal epithelium (p?=?0.48) at an equivalent melittin concentration of 10 µM. Thus, nanoparticle formulation of melittin reduced melittin cytotoxicity fivefold and prevented melittin toxicity at concentrations previously shown to inhibit HIV infectivity. Melittin nanoparticles were toxic to vaginal epithelium at equivalent melittin concentrations ?20 µM (p<0.001) and were toxic to sperm at equivalent melittin concentrations ?40 µM (p<0.001). Sperm cytotoxicity was enhanced by targeting of the nanoparticles to the sperm surface antigen sperm adhesion molecule 1. While further testing is needed to determine the extent of cytotoxicity in a more physiologically relevant model system, these results suggest that melittin-containing nanoparticles could form the basis of a virucide that is not toxic to sperm and vaginal epithelium. This virucide would be beneficial for HIV serodiscordant couples seeking to achieve natural pregnancy. PMID:24748389

  10. Nanoparticle Incorporation of Melittin Reduces Sperm and Vaginal Epithelium Cytotoxicity

    PubMed Central

    Jallouk, Andrew P.; Moley, Kelle H.; Omurtag, Kenan; Hu, Grace; Lanza, Gregory M.; Wickline, Samuel A.; Hood, Joshua L.

    2014-01-01

    Melittin is a cytolytic peptide component of bee venom which rapidly integrates into lipid bilayers and forms pores resulting in osmotic lysis. While the therapeutic utility of free melittin is limited by its cytotoxicity, incorporation of melittin into the lipid shell of a perfluorocarbon nanoparticle has been shown to reduce its toxicity in vivo. Our group has previously demonstrated that perfluorocarbon nanoparticles containing melittin at concentrations <10 µM inhibit HIV infectivity in vitro. In the current study, we assessed the impact of blank and melittin-containing perfluorocarbon nanoparticles on sperm motility and the viability of both sperm and vaginal epithelial cells. We found that free melittin was toxic to sperm and vaginal epithelium at concentrations greater than 2 µM (p<0.001). However, melittin nanoparticles were not cytotoxic to sperm (p?=?0.42) or vaginal epithelium (p?=?0.48) at an equivalent melittin concentration of 10 µM. Thus, nanoparticle formulation of melittin reduced melittin cytotoxicity fivefold and prevented melittin toxicity at concentrations previously shown to inhibit HIV infectivity. Melittin nanoparticles were toxic to vaginal epithelium at equivalent melittin concentrations ?20 µM (p<0.001) and were toxic to sperm at equivalent melittin concentrations ?40 µM (p<0.001). Sperm cytotoxicity was enhanced by targeting of the nanoparticles to the sperm surface antigen sperm adhesion molecule 1. While further testing is needed to determine the extent of cytotoxicity in a more physiologically relevant model system, these results suggest that melittin-containing nanoparticles could form the basis of a virucide that is not toxic to sperm and vaginal epithelium. This virucide would be beneficial for HIV serodiscordant couples seeking to achieve natural pregnancy. PMID:24748389

  11. Four-dimensional computed tomography angiography is valuable in intracranial dural arteriovenous fistula diagnosis and fistula evaluation.

    PubMed

    Ye, Xianwang; Wang, Haifeng; Huang, Qiuli; Jiang, Maoqing; Gao, Xiang; Zhang, Jie; Zhou, Shengjun; Lin, Zhiqing

    2014-10-30

    This study was to evaluate the value of four-dimensional computed tomography angiography (4D-CTA) in the diagnosis of intracranial dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF). This study included 16 patients who were diagnosed to have intracranial DAVF by digital subtraction angiography (DSA). The 4D-CTA was performed by Aquilion ONE multi-detector CT scanner (Toshiba Medical Systems, Japan) equipped with 320 × 0.5 mm detector rows. Standard biplane fluoroscopy equipments (Infinix, Toshiba Medical Systems, Japan and ADVANTX LC/LP, GE Medical Systems, Milwaukee, WI, USA) were applied in the diagnosis of intra-arterial DSA. Examinations were performed to evaluate the findings of DSA and 4D-CTA in each patient. The examination results were read by two independent readers in a blind manner. All results were documented on standardized scoring sheets. In all 16 cases, the same diagnosis results of intracranial DAVF were obtained from DSA and 4D-CTA. The results of subtype (Borden and Cognard classification), venous reflux and fistula sites were also accurately exhibited in 4D-CTA. In addition, there was a little discrepancy in identifying smaller and specific arterial branches and in distinguishing fistula type (focal or diffuse) using 4D-CTA. Good-to-excellent agreements were made between 4D-CTA and DSA. Therefore, 4D-CTA could be a feasible tool for the characterization of intracranial DAVF, with respect to determining fistula site and venous drainage. PMID:25354667

  12. Treatment of Locally Advanced Vaginal Cancer With Radiochemotherapy and Magnetic Resonance Image-Guided Adaptive Brachytherapy: Dose-Volume Parameters and First Clinical Results

    SciTech Connect

    Dimopoulos, Johannes C.A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Metropolitan Hospital, Athens (Greece); Schmid, Maximilian P., E-mail: maximilian.schmid@akhwien.at [Department of Radiotherapy, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna (Austria); Fidarova, Elena; Berger, Daniel; Kirisits, Christian; Poetter, Richard [Department of Radiotherapy, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna (Austria)

    2012-04-01

    Purpose: To investigate the clinical feasibility of magnetic resonance image-guided adaptive brachytherapy (IGABT) for patients with locally advanced vaginal cancer and to report treatment outcomes. Methods and Materials: Thirteen patients with vaginal cancer were treated with external beam radiotherapy (45-50.4 Gy) plus IGABT with or without chemotherapy. Distribution of International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stages among patients were as follows: 4 patients had Stage II cancer, 5 patients had Stage III cancer, and 4 patients had Stage IV cancer. The concept of IGABT as developed for cervix cancer was transferred and adapted for vaginal cancer, with corresponding treatment planning and reporting. Doses were converted to the equivalent dose in 2 Gy, applying the linear quadratic model ({alpha}/{beta} = 10 Gy for tumor; {alpha}/{beta} = 3 for organs at risk). Endpoints studied were gross tumor volume (GTV), dose-volume parameters for high-risk clinical target volume (HRCTV), and organs at risk, local control (LC), adverse side effects, and survival. Results: The mean GTV ({+-} 1 standard deviation) at diagnosis was 45.3 ({+-}30) cm{sup 3}, and the mean GTV at brachytherapy was 10 ({+-}14) cm{sup 3}. The mean D90 for the HRCTV was 86 ({+-}13) Gy. The mean D2cc for bladder, urethra, rectum, and sigmoid colon were 80 ({+-}20) Gy, 76 ({+-}16) Gy, 70 ({+-}9) Gy, and 60 ({+-}9) Gy, respectively. After a median follow-up of 43 months (range, 19-87 months), one local recurrence and two distant metastases cases were observed. Actuarial LC and overall survival rates at 3 years were 92% and 85%. One patient with Stage IVA and 1 patient with Stage III disease experienced fistulas (one vesicovaginal, one rectovaginal), and 1 patient developed periurethral necrosis. Conclusions: The concept of IGABT, originally developed for treating cervix cancer, appears to be applicable to vaginal cancer treatment with only minor adaptations. Dose-volume parameters for HRCTV and organs at risk are in a comparable range. First clinical results indicate excellent LC. Further prospective multicenter studies are needed to establish this method and to confirm these results.

  13. De Novo Development of a Remote Arteriovenous Fistula Following Transarterial Embolization of a Carotid Cavernous Fistula: Case Report and Review of the Literature

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rishi Gupta; Michael Horowitz; Ashis Tayal; Tudor Jovin

    Summary: We report a case of a patient who developed a remote dural arteriovenous fistula involving the left sig- moid sinus 4 months after successful transarterial embo- lization of a carotid cavernous fistula. This rare occurrence has been reported after transvenous embolization, but this represents the first case, to our knowledge, after trans- arterial coil embolization. We present our findings

  14. Identification and genotyping of bacteria from paired vaginal and rectal samples from pregnant women indicates similarity between vaginal and rectal microflora

    PubMed Central

    2009-01-01

    Background The vaginal microflora is important for maintaining vaginal health and preventing infections of the reproductive tract. The rectum has been suggested as the major source for the colonisation of the vaginal econiche. Methods To establish whether the rectum can serve as a possible bacterial reservoir for colonisation of the vaginal econiche, we cultured vaginal and rectal specimens from pregnant women at 35-37 weeks of gestation, identified the isolates to the species level with tRNA intergenic length polymorphism analysis (tDNA-PCR) and genotyped the isolates for those subjects from which the same species was isolated simultaneously vaginally and rectally, by RAPD-analysis. One vaginal and one rectal swab were collected from a total of each of 132 pregnant women at 35-37 weeks of gestation. Swabs were cultured on Columbia CNA agar and MRS agar. For each subject 4 colonies were selected for each of both sites, i.e. 8 colonies in total. Results Among the 844 isolates that could be identified by tDNA-PCR, a total of 63 bacterial species were present, 9 (14%) only vaginally, 26 (41%) only rectally, and 28 (44%) in both vagina and rectum. A total of 121 (91.6%) of 132 vaginal samples and 51 (38.6%) of 132 rectal samples were positive for lactobacilli. L. crispatus was the most frequently isolated Lactobacillus species from the vagina (40% of the subjects were positive), followed by L. jensenii (32%), L. gasseri (30%) and L. iners (11%). L. gasseri was the most frequently isolated Lactobacillus species from the rectum (15%), followed by L. jensenii (12%), L. crispatus (11%) and L. iners (2%). A total of 47 pregnant women carried the same species vaginally and rectally. This resulted in 50 vaginal/rectal pairs of the same species, for a total of eight different species. For 34 of the 50 species pairs (68%), isolates with the same genotype were present vaginally and rectally and a high level of genotypic diversity within species per subject was also established. Conclusion It can be concluded that there is a certain degree of correspondence between the vaginal and rectal microflora, not only with regard to species composition but also with regard to strain identity between vaginal and rectal isolates. These results support the hypothesis that the rectal microflora serves as a reservoir for colonisation of the vaginal econiche. PMID:19828036

  15. MTN-001: Randomized Pharmacokinetic Cross-Over Study Comparing Tenofovir Vaginal Gel and Oral Tablets in Vaginal Tissue and Other Compartments

    PubMed Central

    Hendrix, Craig W.; Chen, Beatrice A.; Guddera, Vijayanand; Hoesley, Craig; Justman, Jessica; Nakabiito, Clemensia; Salata, Robert; Soto-Torres, Lydia; Patterson, Karen; Minnis, Alexandra M.; Gandham, Sharavi; Gomez, Kailazarid; Richardson, Barbra A.; Bumpus, Namandje N.

    2013-01-01

    Background Oral and vaginal preparations of tenofovir as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection have demonstrated variable efficacy in men and women prompting assessment of variation in drug concentration as an explanation. Knowledge of tenofovir concentration and its active form, tenofovir diphosphate, at the putative vaginal and rectal site of action and its relationship to concentrations at multiple other anatomic locations may provide key information for both interpreting PrEP study outcomes and planning future PrEP drug development. Objective MTN-001 was designed to directly compare oral to vaginal steady-state tenofovir pharmacokinetics in blood, vaginal tissue, and vaginal and rectal fluid in a paired cross-over design. Methods and Findings We enrolled 144 HIV-uninfected women at 4 US and 3 African clinical research sites in an open label, 3-period crossover study of three different daily tenofovir regimens, each for 6 weeks (oral 300 mg tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, vaginal 1% tenofovir gel [40 mg], or both). Serum concentrations after vaginal dosing were 56-fold lower than after oral dosing (p<0.001). Vaginal tissue tenofovir diphosphate was quantifiable in ?90% of women with vaginal dosing and only 19% of women with oral dosing. Vaginal tissue tenofovir diphosphate was ?130-fold higher with vaginal compared to oral dosing (p<0.001). Rectal fluid tenofovir concentrations in vaginal dosing periods were higher than concentrations measured in the oral only dosing period (p<0.03). Conclusions Compared to oral dosing, vaginal dosing achieved much lower serum concentrations and much higher vaginal tissue concentrations. Even allowing for 100-fold concentration differences due to poor adherence or less frequent prescribed dosing, vaginal dosing of tenofovir should provide higher active site concentrations and theoretically greater PrEP efficacy than oral dosing; randomized topical dosing PrEP trials to the contrary indicates that factors beyond tenofovir’s antiviral effect substantially influence PrEP efficacy. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00592124 PMID:23383037

  16. Effectiveness and safety of vaginal suppositories for the treatment of the vaginal atrophy in postmenopausal women: an open, non-controlled clinical trial.

    PubMed

    Costantino, D; Guaraldi, C

    2008-01-01

    Menopause, due to the physiological decrease in the estrogens levels, is often associated with many symptoms related to vaginal atrophy such vaginal dryness, dyspareunia, burning, itching, decreasing in libido and therefore a worsening of the quality of life and in particular of the sexual activity. There are many pharmacological remedies to solve these events, first of all hormone replacement therapy (HRT) that up to the 90s was the therapy of choice for the care of the menopause symptoms. This hormonal therapy, however, has been re-considered due to its side effects. As alternative, a clinical trial has been performed to investigate the efficacy and safety, in postmenopausal women with urogenital atrophy, of the use of suppositories for vaginal use, containing hyaluronic acid, vitamin E and vitamin A. The trial, according to a open, non-controlled design, was performed on 150 postmenopausal women, 1 vaginal suppository per day, for the first 14 days and then a vaginal suppository, day in and day out, for other 14 days. The primary endpoint was the evaluation of vaginal dryness assessed by a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) both by the investigator and the patient. The secondary endpoints were the evaluation of all the other symptoms and signs associated with the vaginal atrophy (itching, burning, dyspareunia, vaginal inflammation or swelling, irritation, assessed by a 4-point scale, presence of vaginal abrasions and irritation), and the recording of the adverse events occurring during the trial. The patients have not reported adverse effects during the treatment, and the results in terms of effectiveness on the vaginal atrophy symptoms were markedly positive. A high level of compliance was registered. The product tested can therefore be considered a safe and effective alternative for the treatment of vaginal atrophy symptoms in postmenopausal women, especially when HRT is not recommended. PMID:19146203

  17. Radio-median cubital / radiocephalic arteriovenous fistula at elbow to prevent vascular steal syndrome associated with brachiocephalic fistula: Review of 320 cases

    PubMed Central

    Kumar, Anant; Jha, Mrigank S.; Singla, Manish; Gupta, Nitin; Raina, Pamposh; Dubey, Deepak; Srivastava, Aneesh

    2007-01-01

    Aim: Radiocephalic arteriovenous fistula (AVF) at wrist is the vascular access of choice for dialysis. In the absence of a suitable vein at the wrist, a brachiocephalic fistula at elbow is usually constructed. In order to avoid the complication of vascular steal syndrome associated with the brachiocephalic fistula, an alternative operative technique involving the creation of radio-median cubital vein / radiocephalic fistula at elbow was evaluated. Settings and Design: Retrospective study. Materials and Methods: Between January 1990 and October 2005, 320 patients underwent creation of radio-median cubital vein / radiocephalic AVF at elbow as a primary procedure or following failure of a fistula at the wrist. A transverse skin incision was made 4cm below the elbow crease, centering in line with the brachial artery pulsation. The median cubital vein / cephalic vein was anastomosed to the radial artery in end to side fashion. The surgical complications and patency of the fistulae were analyzed in the immediate and late postoperative period. Results: Mean operative time was 55 ± 7.15 min. There were no major intraoperative complications. Immediate patency and a palpable distal radial pulse were present in all the patients. Mean time to fistula maturation was 26 ± 5.2 days. No patient developed a vascular steal syndrome at a median follow-up of 54 months (range 12–168 months) Early fistula failure was seen in 16 (5%) patients whereas eight (2.5%) fistulas failed at a later date. Pseudoaneurysm of the arterialized vein at the fistula site developed in only one (0.3%) patient. Pseudoaneurysm proximal to the anastomosis developed in three (0.9%) patients. Sixteen (5%) patients requested for closure of the fistula following successful renal transplant due to unsightly dilated veins and continuous noisy murmur disturbing their sleep. Conclusions: The radio-median cubital vein / radiocephalic AV fistula at elbow is safe and is a better vascular access procedure for hemodialysis than brachiocephalic fistula because it leads to the dilatation of both the cephalic and the basilic veins with no incidence of vascular steal phenomenon in our experience. Patency and flow rates are similar to brachiocephalic fistula. PMID:19718327

  18. Bioadhesive vaginal tablets containing spray dried microspheres loaded with clotrimazole for treatment of vaginal candidiasis.

    PubMed

    Gupta, Naresh Vishal; Natasha, Shirodker; Getyala, Anil; Bhat, Ramnath Sudeendra

    2013-09-01

    The aim of the present investigation was to prepare and evaluate novel bioadhesive vaginal tablets containing clotrimazole loaded microspheres in order to provide long-term therapeutic activity at the site of infection. Tablets were prepared by incorporating drug loaded microspheres and using bioadhesive polymers hydroxypropylmethylcellulose, sodium carboxymethylcellulose and Carbopol. Microspheres were prepared by the spray drying technique using Eudragit RS-100 and Eudragit RL-100. Microspheres were characterized by SEM, DSC, FTIR, particle size analysis and evaluated for percentage yield, drug loading, encapsulation efficiency and in vitro drug release. To achieve bioadhesion to the mucosal tissue, optimized microspheres were incorporated into bioadhesive tablets and were evaluated for in vitro drug release, in vitro and in vivo mucoadhesion. FTIR and DSC studies showed that no chemical interaction occurred between the drug and polymers. The sphericity factor indicated that the prepared microspheres were spherical. Formulation Mt6 indicated a controlled in vitro drug release and good bioadhesive strength. The in vivo images confirmed the bioadhesion and retention property of tablets up to 24 h. The results indicated that this drug delivery system can be explored for controlled intravaginal drug release. PMID:24152896

  19. [Creation of arterio-venous fistulas in patients chronically treated with hemodialysis].

    PubMed

    Gontarz, W; Barcikowski, S; Kidawa, Z; Leksowski, K; Kozak, J

    The authors present a 5-year experience in formation of the arterio-venous fistulas for hemodialysis. Analysed material includes 58 fistulas in 40 patients. Fistulas were formed twice or more times in 22% of the patients. Thrombus in the fistula was the most frequent complication (10.3%). The authors form arterio-venous fistula "of choice" in the peripheral portion of the forearm anastomosing radial artery with cephalic vein "side-to-end". Such a procedure in other portions of the arm is related to a higher risk of failure. Intra-arterial subtraction angiography is of significant help in the selection of the tactics of secondary operations forming fistula. PMID:2486513

  20. Endoscopic Vacuum-assisted Closure With Sponge for Esophagotracheal Fistula After Esophagectomy.

    PubMed

    Lee, Hyun Jik; Lee, Hyuk

    2015-04-01

    We experienced a case of endoscopic vacuum-assisted closure with sponge for esophagotracheal fistula diagnosed after esophagectomy due to squamous cell esophageal cancer. The patient, who had undergone a robotic-assisted thoracoscopic esophagectomy and esophageal reconstruction of the stomach, was referred for the management of esophagotracheal fistula. Diagnostic esophagogastroduodenoscopy and imaging studies were performed, and they indicated anastomotic leakage with esophagotracheal fistula. The patient was treated by the endoscopic placement of full-covered self-expanding metal stents, but the fistula persisted. Then, we applied a size-adjusted sponge endoscopically with continuous suction by a vacuum system in the fistula lesion. Complete closure was achieved without any procedure-related complications. After 40 days, symptomatic esophageal stricture was detected and treated successfully with endoscopic balloon dilation. Endoscopic vacuum-assisted closure with a sponge might be an adequate alternative treatment option for esophageal stenting for esophagotracheal fistula after esophagectomy. PMID:25799256

  1. Selecting anti-microbial treatment of aerobic vaginitis.

    PubMed

    Donders, Gilbert G G; Ruban, Katerina; Bellen, Gert

    2015-05-01

    Aerobic vaginitis (AV) is a vaginal infectious condition which is often confused with bacterial vaginosis (BV) or with the intermediate microflora as diagnosed by Nugent's method to detect BV on Gram-stained specimens. However, although both conditions reflect a state of lactobacillary disruption in the vagina, leading to an increase in pH, BV and AV differ profoundly. While BV is a noninflammatory condition composed of a multiplex array of different anaerobic bacteria in high quantities, AV is rather sparely populated by one or two enteric commensal flora bacteria, like Streptococcus agalactiae, Staphylocuccus aureus, or Escherichia coli. AV is typically marked by either an increased inflammatory response or by prominent signs of epithelial atrophy or both. The latter condition, if severe, is also called desquamative inflammatory vaginitis. As AV is per exclusionem diagnosed by wet mount microscopy, it is a mistake to treat just vaginal culture results. Vaginal cultures only serve as follow-up data in clinical research projects and are at most used in clinical practice to confirm the diagnosis or exclude Candida infection. AV requires treatment based on microscopy findings and a combined local treatment with any of the following which may yield the best results: antibiotic (infectious component), steroids (inflammatory component), and/or estrogen (atrophy component). In cases with Candida present on microscopy or culture, antifungals must be tried first in order to see if other treatment is still needed. Vaginal rinsing with povidone iodine can provide rapid relief of symptoms but does not provide long-term reduction of bacterial loads. Local antibiotics most suitable are preferably non-absorbed and broad spectrum, especially those covering enteric gram-positive and gram-negative aerobes, like kanamycin. To achieve rapid and short-term improvement of severe symptoms, oral therapy with amoxyclav or moxifloxacin can be used, especially in deep dermal vulvitis and colpitis infections with group B streptococci or (methicillin resistant) Staphylococcus aureus. Since the latter colonizations are frequent, but seldom inflammatory infections, we in general discourage the use of oral antibiotics in women with AV. In cases with a severe atrophy component (more than 10 % of epithelial cells are of the parabasal type), local estrogens can be used; and in postmenopausal or breast cancer patients with a contraindication for estrogens, even a combination of probiotics with an ultra-low dose of local estriol may be considered. PMID:25896749

  2. Development of generic models for ambulatory vaginal surgery--a preliminary report.

    PubMed

    Papa Petros, P E

    1998-01-01

    Generic guidelines are applied to reconstructive vaginal operations, so as to convert them to ambulatory procedures. Prototype operations are described and analyzed. These included conceptualizing vaginal prolapse as a type of intussusception caused by vaginal and ligamentous laxity in the middle or posterior parts of the vagina; the avoidance of vaginal excision, excessive tension, and refashioning excess vaginal tissue from width to length or into a partial double-layered repair; the creation of artificial neoligaments; the prevention of urinary retention by avoiding tightness in the bladder neck area; local anesthetic infiltration; and buttressing vaginal tissue during wound healing. A total of 108 patients underwent vaginal surgery on an ambulatory or overnight stay basis, 72 under local anesthesia/midazolam. Minimal postoperative pain and the absence of catheterization reduced hospital stay from a statewide mean of 8 days to 1 day, and return to normal activities from 6 weeks to 7-10 days. Cure rates (18 months) were: uterovaginal prolapse 22/22, infracoccygeal sacropexy 21/23, rectocele 36/38, cystocele/anterior vaginal wall prolapse 21/25. Applied as prototypes to reconstructive vaginal surgery, the operations appear to be as effective as traditional techniques but far less invasive. They have the potential to assist working mothers, the old and infirm, and save the community up to $5,500 per patient. It is hoped that the generic models presented may act as a basis for the future development of ambulatory vaginal surgical techniques. PMID:9657174

  3. Disturbed Anastomotic Healing after Esophagectomy: A Novel Treatment of a Benign Tracheo-Neo-Esophageal Fistula

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. J. Buskens; F. van Coevorden; H. Obertop; J. J. B. van Lanschot

    2002-01-01

    In this report a 65-year-old man is presented who developed a benign tracheo-neo-esophageal fistula 1 month after esophageal resection due to confined leakage of the cervical anastomosis. After unsuccessful conservative treatment, the fistula was partly excised via a cervical approach and a T-drain was inserted in the esophagus, thus creating a new fistula to the skin. Over a period of

  4. [Primary and secondary aorto-intestinal fistula in infrarenal aortic replacement].

    PubMed

    Erasmi, H; Schmidt, R; Walter, M

    1991-01-01

    During the past 20 years 17 patients with abdominal-aortic-intestinal fistulas have been operated in our department. Hospital-letality accounted till 1986 with 75%. Since then we preferred direct reconstruction by implantation of a vascular graft, covered by omentum in primary fistulas. Hospital letality could be reduced by this management to 0% in primary fistulas by a total survival rate of 67%. PMID:1788691

  5. Treatment of failed native arteriovenous fistulae for hemodialysis by interventional radiology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Luc Turmel-Rodrigues; Josette Pengloan; Hervé Rodrigue; Georges Brillet; Anne Lataste; Dominique Pierre; Jean-Louis Jourdan; Didier Blanchard

    2000-01-01

    Treatment of failed native arteriovenous fistulae for hemodialysis by interventional radiology.BackgroundWe studied the feasibility, technical problems, safety, and effectiveness of percutaneous declotting of thrombosed native arteriovenous fistulae for hemodialysis.MethodsBetween 1992 and 1998, 93 declotting procedures were performed in 73 consecutive upper limb native fistulae (forearm 56 and upper arm 17), and 162 procedures were performed in 78 prosthetic grafts using

  6. Video-assisted thoracoscopy for closure of a bronchial stump fistula.

    PubMed

    Galikowski, M; Kozak, J; Barcikowski, S

    1995-02-01

    It is thought that thoracoscopic closure of a bronchial stump fistula is beyond the capabilities of current thoracoscopic techniques. We describe the successful use of thoracoscopy in the therapy of a late right main bronchial stump dehiscence after pneumonectomy and chemotherapy of a stage IIIA adenocarcinoma. We clipped the fistula with a Multifire Endo Hernia Stapler (Auto Suture) and we obtained intraoperative airtight closure of the fistula. PMID:7540332

  7. Cisplatin and Radiation Therapy With or Without Triapine in Treating Patients With Previously Untreated Stage IB-IVA Cervical Cancer or Stage II-IVA Vaginal Cancer

    ClinicalTrials.gov

    2015-03-18

    Cervical Adenocarcinoma; Cervical Adenosquamous Carcinoma; Cervical Squamous Cell Carcinoma; Stage IB Cervical Cancer; Stage II Vaginal Cancer; Stage IIA Cervical Cancer; Stage IIB Cervical Cancer; Stage III Vaginal Cancer; Stage IIIA Cervical Cancer; Stage IIIB Cervical Cancer; Stage IVA Cervical Cancer; Stage IVA Vaginal Cancer; Vaginal Adenocarcinoma; Vaginal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

  8. Cholecystocolic fistula caused by gallbladder carcinoma: Preoperatively misdiagnosed as hepatic colon carcinoma

    PubMed Central

    Ha, Gi Won; Lee, Min Ro; Kim, Jong Hun

    2015-01-01

    Cholecystocolic fistula secondary to gallbladder carcinoma is extremely rare and has been reported in very few studies. Most cholecystocolic fistulae are late complications of gallstone disease, but can also develop following carcinoma of the gallbladder when the necrotic tumor penetrates into the adjacent colon. Although no currently available imaging technique has shown great accuracy in recognizing cholecystocolic fistula, abdominopelvic computed tomography may show fistulous communication and anatomical details. Herein we report an unusual case of cholecystocolic fistula caused by gallbladder carcinoma, which was preoperatively misdiagnosed as hepatic flexure colon carcinoma.

  9. Surgical Correction of an Arteriovenous Fistula in a Ring-Tailed Lemur (Lemur catta)

    PubMed Central

    Boedeker, Nancy C; Guzzetta, Philip; Rosenthal, Steven L; Padilla, Luis R; Murray, Suzan; Newman, Kurt

    2014-01-01

    A 10-y-old ovariohysterectomized ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta) was presented for exacerbation of respiratory signs. The lemur had a history of multiple examinations for various problems, including traumatic lacerations and recurrent perivulvar dermatitis. Examination revealed abnormal lung sounds and a femoral arteriovenous fistula with a palpable thrill and auscultable bruit in the right inguinal area. A diagnosis of congestive heart failure was made on the basis of exam findings, radiography, abdominal ultrasonography, and echocardiography. The lemur was maintained on furosemide until surgical ligation of the fistula was performed. Postoperative examination confirmed successful closure of the fistula and resolution of the signs of heart failure. Arteriovenous fistulas are abnormal connections between an artery and a vein that bypass the capillary bed. Large arteriovenous fistulas may result in decreased peripheral resistance and an increase in cardiac output with consequent cardiomegaly and high output heart failure. This lemur's high-flow arteriovenous fistula with secondary heart failure may have been iatrogenically induced during blood collection by prior femoral venipuncture. To our knowledge, this report is the first description of an arteriovenous fistula in a prosimian. Successful surgical correction of suspected iatrogenic femoral arteriovenous fistulas in a cynomolgus monkey (Macaca fascicularis) and a rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) have been reported previously. Arteriovenous fistula formation should be considered as a rare potential complication of venipuncture and as a treatable cause of congestive heart failure in lemurs. PMID:24672831

  10. Are Covered Stents Really Effective at Closing Esophagotracheal Fistulas? Results of an Animal Study

    SciTech Connect

    Wagner, Hans-Joachim [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Philipps University, Baldingerstrasse, D-35033 Marburg (Germany); Stinner, Benno [Department of General Surgery, Philipps University, Baldingerstrasse, D-35033 Marburg (Germany); Barth, Peter [Department of Pathology, Philipps University, Baldingerstrasse, D-35033 Marburg (Germany); Klose, Klaus-Jochen [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Philipps University, Baldingerstrasse, D-35033 Marburg (Germany)

    2000-07-15

    Purpose: To determine whether covered self-expanding metal stents successfully exclude experimentally created esophagotracheal fistulas.Methods: Esophagotracheal fistulas were surgically created in the upper third of the esophagus in 12 minipigs and immediately sealed by implantation of a covered self-expanding metal stent (20 mm expanded diameter) in the esophagus. Before the animals were killed, after 3, 7, 14, 28, 30, and 36 days, the position of the stent and the sealing of the fistula were monitored fluoroscopically. The esophagus, trachea, and both lungs were examined histologically.Results: Creation of an esophagotracheal fistula was successful in all cases. All fistulas were widely patent at autopsy. The technical success rate for stent deployment and initial sealing of the fistula was 100%. During follow-up, five stents migrated distally, but none into the stomach. Therefore, the fistula was no longer excluded in five animals. In seven animals the stent sealed the fistula until the death of the animal. Tracheal narrowing necessitated additional tracheal stenting in three animals. Two minipigs died due to aspiration of food. Histologic examination showed signs of aspiration in all animals with stents in place for longer than 2 weeks.Conclusion: This experimental animal study revealed worse results for sealing of esophagotracheal fistulas with covered self-expanding metal stents than have been reported for the clinical use of these devices.

  11. Pelvic Fistulas Complicating Pelvic Surgery or Diseases: Spectrum of Imaging Findings

    PubMed Central

    Moon, Sung Gyu; Lee, Hak Jong; Moon, Min Hoan; Myung, Jae Sung

    2001-01-01

    Pelvic fistulas may result from obstetric complications, inflammatory bowel disease, pelvic malignancy, pelvic radiation therapy, pelvic surgery, or other traumatic causes, and their symptoms may be distressing. In our experience, various types of pelvic fistulas are identified after pelvic disease or pelvic surgery. Because of its close proximity, the majority of such fistulas occur in the pelvic cavity and include the vesicovaginal, vesicouterine, vesicoenteric, ureterovaginal, ureteroenteric and enterovaginal type. The purpose of this article is to illustrate the spectrum of imaging features of pelvic fistulas. PMID:11752977

  12. Surgical correction of an arteriovenous fistula in a ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta).

    PubMed

    Boedeker, Nancy C; Guzzetta, Philip; Rosenthal, Steven L; Padilla, Luis R; Murray, Suzan; Newman, Kurt

    2014-02-01

    A 10-y-old ovariohysterectomized ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta) was presented for exacerbation of respiratory signs. The lemur had a history of multiple examinations for various problems, including traumatic lacerations and recurrent perivulvar dermatitis. Examination revealed abnormal lung sounds and a femoral arteriovenous fistula with a palpable thrill and auscultable bruit in the right inguinal area. A diagnosis of congestive heart failure was made on the basis of exam findings, radiography, abdominal ultrasonography, and echocardiography. The lemur was maintained on furosemide until surgical ligation of the fistula was performed. Postoperative examination confirmed successful closure of the fistula and resolution of the signs of heart failure. Arteriovenous fistulas are abnormal connections between an artery and a vein that bypass the capillary bed. Large arteriovenous fistulas may result in decreased peripheral resistance and an increase in cardiac output with consequent cardiomegaly and high output heart failure. This lemur's high-flow arteriovenous fistula with secondary heart failure may have been iatrogenically induced during blood collection by prior femoral venipuncture. To our knowledge, this report is the first description of an arteriovenous fistula in a prosimian. Successful surgical correction of suspected iatrogenic femoral arteriovenous fistulas in a cynomolgus monkey (Macaca fascicularis) and a rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) have been reported previously. Arteriovenous fistula formation should be considered as a rare potential complication of venipuncture and as a treatable cause of congestive heart failure in lemurs. PMID:24672831

  13. Disturbed shear stress reduces Klf2 expression in arterial-venous fistulae in vivo

    PubMed Central

    Yamamoto, Kota; Protack, Clinton D; Kuwahara, Go; Tsuneki, Masayuki; Hashimoto, Takuya; Hall, Michael R; Assi, Roland; Brownson, Kirstyn E; Foster, Trenton R; Bai, Hualong; Wang, Mo; Madri, Joseph A; Dardik, Alan

    2015-01-01

    Laminar shear stress (SS) induces an antiproliferative and anti-inflammatory endothelial phenotype and increases Klf2 expression. We altered the diameter of an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) in the mouse model to determine whether increased fistula diameter produces disturbed SS in vivo and if acutely increased disturbed SS results in decreased Klf2 expression. The mouse aortocaval fistula model was performed with 22, 25, or 28 gauge needles to puncture the aorta and the inferior vena cava. Duplex ultrasound was used to examine the AVF and its arterial inflow and venous outflow, and SS was calculated. Arterial samples were examined with western blot, immunohistochemistry, and immunofluorescence analysis for proteins and qPCR for RNA. Mice with larger diameter fistulae had diminished survival but increased AVF patency. Increased SS magnitudes and range of frequencies were directly proportional to the needle diameter in the arterial limb proximal to the fistula but not in the venous limb distal to the fistula, with 22-gauge needles producing the most disturbed SS in vivo. Klf2 mRNA and protein expression was diminished in the artery proximal to the fistula in proportion to increasing SS. Increased fistula diameter produces increased SS magnitude and frequency, consistent with disturbed SS in vivo. Disturbed SS is associated with decreased mRNA and protein expression of Klf2. Disturbed SS and reduced Klf2 expression near the fistula are potential therapeutic targets to improve AVF maturation. PMID:25780089

  14. Risk Factors for the Development of Urethrocutaneous Fistula after Hypospadias Repair: A Retrospective Study

    PubMed Central

    Chung, Jae-Wook; Choi, Seock Hwan; Kim, Bum Soo

    2012-01-01

    Purpose The purpose of this study was to investigate the risk factors for urethrocutaneous fistula development after hypospadias repair. Materials and Methods Between January 1990 and May 2010, 348 patients underwent hypospadias repair. This study included 294 patients who were followed up for more than 6 months. Potential risk factors for the development of fistula after operation included age, location of hypospadias, type of hypospadias repair, suture materials and methods, methods and duration of catheterization, combined congenital urologic disorders, timing of presentation and repair of fistula, and location of fistula. Data were analyzed retrospectively. Binary logistic regression analysis was used for univariate and multivariate analysis. Results Out of 294 patients, 63 patients (21.4%, 63/294) developed urethrocutaneous fistulas after hypospadias repair. In the univariate analysis, fistula formation was statistically related with type of hypospadias and type of hypospadias repair. In the multivariate analysis with stratification by hypospadias site, however, only the location of hypospadias was a significant independent risk factor in urethrocutaneous fistula development after hypospadias repair (p<0.001). Conclusions Our results suggest that the risk of developing urethrocutaneous fistula after hypospadias repair is associated with the location of hypospadias (more proximal-type hypospadias). Type of hypospadias repair, suture materials, suture techniques, and number of other combined urologic disorders were not related to the development of urethrocutaneous fistulas. PMID:23136632

  15. Recent developments in the surgical management of perianal fistula for Crohn’s disease

    PubMed Central

    Geltzeiler, Cristina B.; Wieghard, Nicole; Tsikitis, Vassiliki L.

    2014-01-01

    Perianal manifestations of Crohn’s disease (CD) are common and, of them, fistulas are the most common. Perianal fistulas can be extremely debilitating for patients and are often very challenging for clinicians to treat. CD perianal fistulas usually require multidisciplinary and multimodality treatment, including both medical and surgical approaches. The majority of patients require multiple surgical interventions. CD patients with perianal fistulas have a high rate of primary non-healing, surgical morbidity, and high recurrence rates. This has led to constant efforts to improve surgical management of this disease process. PMID:25331917

  16. Inferior Turbinate Flap for Nasal-side Closure of Palatal Fistula in Cleft Patients: Technical Note

    PubMed Central

    Rahpeyma, Amin

    2014-01-01

    Summary: Residual palatal fistula after repair of palatal cleft is common. Repair of residual oronasal fistula is not always successful. Two-layer closure techniques that close these fistulas with soft tissue are a common practice. Turnover flaps are the most used flaps and often the sole method for nasal-side closure of fistula. Anteriorly based inferior turbinate flap can be used to provide soft tissue for nasal-side closure when turnover flaps will not provide sufficient tissue for this purpose. Under general anesthesia with nasotracheal intubation, inferior turbinate was released from posterior attachment. After removing the inferior conchal bone, mucoperiosteal flap was used for nasal-side closure of anterior palatal fistula in patients with cleft. Anteriorly based inferior turbinate flap was used for nasal-side closure of residual palatal fistula in 3 patients with cleft. Age of the patients was 14, 16, and 18, and recurrence of palatal fistula has not occurred. Anteriorly based inferior turbinate flap is an axial pattern flap with appropriate surface of the paddle and vicinity to the oral cavity roof. It can be used in large anterior, palatal fistula for reconstruction of nasal floor. Considering appropriate another flap for oral side coverage of such fistula is mandatory. PMID:25587499

  17. Primary aortoenteric fistula due to a swallowed twig in a three-year-old child.

    PubMed

    Kappadath, S K; Clarke, M J; Stormer, E; Steven, L; Jaffray, B

    2010-02-01

    Aortoenteric fistulae are infrequent causes of gastrointestinal bleeding and usually occur as a late complication of aortic aneurysm repair. Primary aortoenteric fistulae are very rare and most have an aetiological association with atherosclerotic aneurysmal disease.(1,2) We report a primary aortoenteric fistula (PAEF) occurring in a 3 year old as a result of duodenal perforation after ingestion of a twig. To our knowledge this is the first case of a primary aortoenteric fistula reported in a child. Emergency aortic surgery in children needs certain considerations which are briefly discussed. PMID:19939710

  18. Transarterial Embolization of Traumatic Carotid-Superior Hypophyseal Arterial Cavernous Fistula

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Q.; Chen, G.; Song, D.; Leng, B.

    2010-01-01

    Summary A 26-year-old man presented with symptoms of progressive bilateral exophthalmos and swelling of the eyelids after a severe head injury. Angiography confirmed a direct carotid-superior hypophyseal arterial (SHA) cavernous fistula with petrosal sinus and intracavernous sinus drainage. Successful transarterial coil embolization of the fistula was performed with resolution of the patient's symptoms. To our knowledge, post-traumatic arteriovenous fistula between SHA and the cavernous sinus has not been previously reported. We hereby demonstrate an effective, minimally invasive method of occluding a rare fistula by transarterial embolization. PMID:20977860

  19. Gemeprost vaginal pessaries for inducing third-trimester intrauterine deaths.

    PubMed

    Shafi, M I; Constantine, G; Byrne, P; Luesley, D M; Pogmore, J R

    1989-06-01

    In 3rd trimester fetal death, when the cervix requires softening, labor may be induced by the administration of intravenous, intra-or extraamniotic, or vaginal prostaglandin E2 or intramuscular injections of synthetic prostaglandins, such as 15(S)-methyl prostaglandin F2 alpha. These methods all have various disadvantages. In 10 women with 3rd trimester intrauterine death, labor was induced by vaginal insertion of a 1 mg gemeprost (16,16-dimethyl-trans delta 2 prostaglandin E1 methyl ester) pessary. The mean number of pessaries s required was 1.9, and the mean duration of labor was 11.7 hours. The women remained mobile during most of the procedure. No patient required additional oxytocin, and the only side effects were mild fever and diarrhea. PMID:2804000

  20. Chitosan/alginate complexes for vaginal delivery of chlorhexidine digluconate.

    PubMed

    Abruzzo, A; Bigucci, F; Cerchiara, T; Saladini, B; Gallucci, M C; Cruciani, F; Vitali, B; Luppi, B

    2013-01-16

    Chitosan/alginate complexes were prepared at different polycation/polyanion molar ratios and freeze-dried vaginal inserts were obtained for chlorhexidine digluconate local delivery in genital infections. Complex yield, FT-IR spectra, and TGA thermograms were studied to confirm the interaction between the two polyions. The influence of different complexes on physical handling, morphology, and drug distribution in the samples were evaluated by friability test, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), respectively. In vitro water-uptake, mucoadhesion and release tests were performed as well as microbiological tests toward pathogenic vaginal microorganisms. The results showed that the selection of suitable chitosan/alginate molar ratio and drug loading allowed modulate insert ability to hydrate, adhere to the mucosa, and release chlorhexidine digluconate. The insert containing an excess of alginate was found to be the best performing formulation and showed good antimicrobial activity toward the pathogens Candida albicans and Escherichia coli. PMID:23121960

  1. Femoral arteriovenous fistula: a complication of temporary hemodialysis catheter placement.

    PubMed

    Kuramochi, Gen; Ohara, Nobumasa; Hasegawa, Shin; Moro, Hisanaga

    2006-01-01

    The femoral vein is increasingly being used as a temporary route for dual-lumen hemodialysis catheter placement because it is thought to be safer than the internal jugular or subclavian vein sites. However, several factors preclude the wider use of indwelling femoral catheters for hemodialysis, including interference with ambulation and concern over bleeding, infection, and deep thrombosis. Herein we describe a case of right superficial femoral arteriovenous fistula as a complication of the insertion of a dual-lumen hemodialysis catheter into the right femoral vein. The arteriovenous fistula was successfully managed with surgical vascular repair. From this experience, we emphasize that it is important for physicians and nursing staff treating patients with indwelling central catheters to exercise vigilance to allow early detection and treatment of these potentially serious, albeit rare, complications. PMID:16807814

  2. A Case of Intractable Suspected Perilymph Fistula with Severe Depression

    PubMed Central

    Oishi, Naoki; Tsutsumi, Tomoko; Ogawa, Kaoru

    2014-01-01

    A 68-year-old woman presented dizziness whenever she put her finger into the right ear and also complained of water-streaming tinnitus, which indicated she would have been suffering from perilymph fistula. An exploratory tympanotomy was conducted. Leakage of perilymph from the round window was suspected, although the cochlin-tomoprotein (CTP) results were negative. After the procedure, the patient's finger-induced dizziness, tinnitus, and vertigo spells disappeared completely. However, her dizzy symptom did not improve. The patient also complained of general fatigue, weight loss, and insomnia, which led us to suspect comorbid depression. Antidepressants and vestibular rehabilitation treatment resulted in a significant improvement in her dizziness. Although it is not apparent whether the patient had a perilymph fistula, this case demonstrates the importance of evaluating not only physical symptoms but also psychological comorbidity, especially when the physical symptoms are intractable despite treatment. PMID:25395985

  3. Laparotomized Direct Puncture for Embolization of a Retroperitoneal Arteriovenous Fistula

    SciTech Connect

    Inagawa, Shoichi, E-mail: sinagawa@med.niigata-u.ac.j [Niigata University Medical and Dental Hospital, Department of Radiology (Japan); Unno, Naoki [Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Second Department of Surgery (Japan); Yamashita, Shuhei [Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology (Japan); Tanaka, Hiroki [Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Second Department of Surgery (Japan); Sakahara, Harumi [Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology (Japan)

    2010-02-15

    A 28-year-old woman was referred to our institution with hope for another child after having an abortion several months previously to avoid a potential risk of catastrophic hemorrhage from a retroperitoneal arteriovenous fistula (AVF) with enlarged and twisted draining veins in the pelvis. Multiple branches coming from the right lumbar arteries and the right iliac arteries fed fistulae converging on an enlarged venous pouch anterior to the psoas major muscle in the right retroperitoneal space. It seemed impossible to achieve complete occlusion of the lesion in a single session by either transarterial or transvenous approach. A laparotomy and direct puncture of the enlarged draining vein immediately downstream of the venous pouch was performed and embolization was done with n-butyl cyanoacrylate and the aid of coils. Complete occlusion of the retroperitoneal AVF was achieved and confirmed in control angiography 5 months later.

  4. Rectourethral fistula secondary to a bowel management system.

    PubMed

    A'Court, Jamie; Yiannoullou, Petros; Pearce, Lyndsay; Hill, James; Donnelly, David; Murray, David

    2014-08-01

    A 67-year-old Caucasian male was admitted under the vascular team with critical lower limb ischaemia. Bypass surgery was performed and he was admitted to the intensive care unit post-operatively. The patient experienced a turbulent post-operative recovery complicated by pneumonia, poor respiratory wean and faecal incontinence. A bowel management system was inserted but after 18 days it was reported faecal matter was bypassing his catheter. A CT scan demonstrated an area of necrosis where the bowel management system had been sited which formed a rectourethral fistula. Bowel management systems are frequently used in intensive care unit settings where a high proportion of patients suffer from faecal incontinence. If used correctly they can reduce skin contamination, infection and maintain patient hygiene. However, appropriate assessment and investigations should be addressed before inserting such devices. This case report highlights serious adverse effects of these devices and describes the first documented case of these devices causing a rectourethral fistula. PMID:24457039

  5. Idiopathic splenic arteriovenous fistula without splenic artery aneurysm.

    PubMed

    Ono, Shigeshi; Obara, Hideaki; Shimoda, Masayuki; Kitagawa, Yuko

    2015-01-01

    Splenic arteriovenous fistula (SAVF) without a splenic arterial aneurysm is a rare entity and may either be congenital or acquired. Acquired SAVFs are commonly due to adjacent splenic arterial aneurysm rupture, trauma or infection. We report a large idiopathic SAVF in a 50-year-old woman who had no symptoms. CT showed that the fistula was around the splenic hilum and no other specific findings. SAVF has a risk of sudden onset of portal hypertension and it should be treated as soon as diagnosed. Endovascular treatment for SAVF is now being performed successfully with increasing frequency, however, there is still no definitive evidence of treatment for SAVF. Treatment options should be determined appropriately depending on individual case characteristics and vascular anatomical variations. Our case was treated successfully with splenectomy, and long-term results are good without need of reintervention. PMID:25903210

  6. Treatment of ureterovaginal fistula using a Memokath stent.

    PubMed

    Mohammad, Wael; Fode, Mikkel Mejlgaard; Azawi, Nessn Htum

    2014-01-01

    Ureterovaginal fistula (UVF) is a challenging problem for patients and doctors, especially in patients who have been treated by radiation for malignancy. UVF may occur in conjunction with surgeries involving the uterus. A success rate of 70-100% has been reported for fistula repair with the best results in non-radiated patients. Meanwhile, conservative treatment using ureteral stents in selected patients has resulted in reported success rates of 71%. We present the case of a 24-year-old woman with UVF due to surgery and radiotherapy for cervix cancer. The patient has been successfully treated with the insertion of a Memokath 051 stent (PNN Medical A/S, Denmark), which is a thermoexpandable, nickel-titanium alloy stent. The patient has been totally continent during a follow-up period of 3 years. The Memokath stent has been changed twice within this period due to dysfunction. PMID:25527688

  7. Lethal Hemorrhage Caused by Aortoenteric Fistula Following Endovascular Stent Implantation

    SciTech Connect

    Kahlke, Volker [Department of General Surgery, University of Kiel, D-24105 Kiel (Germany); Brossmann, Joachim [Department for Diagnostic Radiology, University of Kiel, D-24105 Kiel (Germany); Klomp, Hans-Juergen [Department of General Surgery, University of Kiel, D-24105 Kiel (Germany)

    2002-06-15

    A 55-year-old women developed an aortointestinal fistula between the bifurcation of the aorta and the distal ileum following implantation of multiple endovascular stents into both common iliac arteries for treatment of aortoiliac occlusive disease. Ten months before the acute onset of the gastrointestinal hemorrhage two balloon-expandable steel stents had been implanted into both common iliac arteries. Due to restenosis and recurrent intermittent claudication, three balloon-expandable covered stents were implanted 4 months later on reintervention. The patient presented with abdominal pain and melena, and fell into hemorrhagic shock with signs of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. After transfer to our hospital, she again developed hemorrhagic shock with massive upper and lower gastrointestinal bleeding and died during emergency laparotomy. The development of aortoenteric fistulas following endovascular surgery/stent implantation is very rare and has to be considered in cases of acute gastrointestinal hemorrhage.

  8. A case of intractable suspected perilymph fistula with severe depression.

    PubMed

    Goto, Fumiyuki; Oishi, Naoki; Tsutsumi, Tomoko; Ogawa, Kaoru

    2014-10-01

    A 68-year-old woman presented dizziness whenever she put her finger into the right ear and also complained of water-streaming tinnitus, which indicated she would have been suffering from perilymph fistula. An exploratory tympanotomy was conducted. Leakage of perilymph from the round window was suspected, although the cochlin-tomoprotein (CTP) results were negative. After the procedure, the patient's finger-induced dizziness, tinnitus, and vertigo spells disappeared completely. However, her dizzy symptom did not improve. The patient also complained of general fatigue, weight loss, and insomnia, which led us to suspect comorbid depression. Antidepressants and vestibular rehabilitation treatment resulted in a significant improvement in her dizziness. Although it is not apparent whether the patient had a perilymph fistula, this case demonstrates the importance of evaluating not only physical symptoms but also psychological comorbidity, especially when the physical symptoms are intractable despite treatment. PMID:25395985

  9. Defining patient knowledge and perceptions of vaginal mesh surgery

    PubMed Central

    Brown, Lindsay K.; Fenner, Dee E.; Berger, Mitchell B.; Delancey, John O.L.; Morgan, Daniel M.; Patel, Divya A.; Schimpf, Megan O.

    2014-01-01

    Objective Given recent government investigations and media coverage of the controversy regarding mesh surgery, we sought to define patient knowledge and perceptions of vaginal mesh surgery. Study Design An anonymous survey was distributed to a convenience sample of new patients at Urogynecology and Female Urology clinics at a single medical center during April–June 2012. The survey assessed patient demographics, information sources, beliefs and concerns regarding mesh surgery. Fisher’s exact test was used to identify predictors of patients’ beliefs regarding mesh. Logistic and linear regressions were used to identify predictors of aversion to surgery and higher concern regarding future surgery. Results 164 women completed the survey; 62.2% (102/164) indicated knowledge of mesh surgery for prolapse and/or incontinence and were included in subsequent analyses. Mean age was 58.0±12.5 years and 24.5% reported prior mesh surgery. The most common information source was TV commercials (57.8%); only 23.5% of women reported receiving information from a medical professional. Participants indicated the following regarding vaginal mesh: class-action lawsuit in progress (55/102, 54.0%), causes pain (47/102, 47.1%), possibility of rejection (35/102, 34.3%), can cause bleeding and become exposed vaginally (30/102, 29.4%), and should be removed due to recall (28/102, 27.5%). Of these women, 22.1% (19/86) indicated they would not consider mesh surgery. On multivariable logistic regression, level of concern, information from friends/family, and knowledge of class-action lawsuit predicted aversion to mesh surgery. Conclusion Nearly two-thirds of new patients had knowledge of vaginal mesh surgery. We identified considerable misinformation and aversion to future mesh surgery among these women. PMID:23982577

  10. Urinary Incontinence after Vaginal Delivery or Cesarean Section

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Guri Rortveit; Anne Kjersti Daltveit; Yngvild S. Hannestad; Steinar Hunskaar

    2003-01-01

    background It is uncertain whether women who deliver by cesarean section have an increased risk of urinary incontinence as compared with nulliparous women and whether women who deliver vaginally have an even higher risk. methods We studied 15,307 women enrolled in the Epidemiology of Incontinence in the County of Nord-Trøndelag (EPINCONT) study, which involved a community-based cohort. The data base

  11. Clitoral blood flow increases following vaginal pressure stimulation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pierre Lavoisier; Rachild Aloui; Markus H. Schmidt; Antoine Watrelot

    1995-01-01

    The vascular responses of clitoral arteries to vaginal pressure stimulation in 10 volunteer women were evaluated by Doppler ultrasonography. Pressure stimulations (20–160 mm Hg) along the lower third of the vagina increased blood velocity and flow into clitoral arteries in 9 of the 10 women. The latency and duration of the Doppler responses ranged from 0.1 to 1.6 sec and

  12. Vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia: clinical-therapeutic analysis of 33 cases

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eddie F. C. Murta; Milton A. Neves Junior; Luciano R. F. Sempionato; Marcos C. Costa; Paulo J. Maluf

    2005-01-01

    Vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia (VAIN) represents 1% of all intraepithelial neoplasia of the lower genital tract. Our aim\\u000a was to study the clinical-therapeutic characteristics of patients with VAIN. A retrospective study was made of all cases of\\u000a patients, who attended within the outpatient service between 1993 and 2003, with a diagnosis of VAIN. During this period,\\u000a 84,293 Papanicolaou smears (triple collection)

  13. Management of benign adnexal masses by vaginal route.

    PubMed

    Massi, G B; Savino, L; Lena, A; Susini, T

    1996-01-01

    Until recently, surgical treatment of a benign adnexal mass implied a laparotomy. In recent years, the development of laparoscopic surgery, as well as ultrasound-guided aspiration techniques, have significantly modified the treatment options for these patients. These procedures have shown considerable advantages. They have reduced surgical trauma and have shortened the hospital stay. We present the results of our experience on the feasibility of a trans-vaginal surgical approach for the removal of benign adnexal masses. This technique, using traditional and cheap surgical instruments, allows the surgeon to excise benign adnexal masses, by entering the peritoneum through the posterior vaginal fornix and thus avoids the trauma of laparotomy. Fifty-four patients were operated on by this technique at our Department. The mean age was 39 years (range 21-66). In all cases, the operation was completed by the trans-vaginal approach. The median operative time was 30 minutes (range 20-45), and no blood transfusion was needed. The pathological diagnoses were as follows: functional ovarian cyst; 19, endometriotic cyst; 18, dermoid cyst; 11, parovarian cyst; 4 and peduncolated fibroid of the uterine fundus; 2 cases. The diameter of the adnexal masses ranged from 3 to 10 cm (median of 6 cm). In 30 cases, a conservative surgery was done (including 2 myomectomies), whereas in 24 cases, the adnexectomy was needed. Median post-operative stay in hospital was 4 days (range 1-14). This study shows the feasibility of trans-vaginal surgical approach for benign adnexal masses. The advantages and limitations of this technique, as well as of the traditional and laparoscopic surgery are considered and discussed. We believe that the transvaginal approach could be useful and cost-effective for the treatment of selected cases of adnexal masses. PMID:9159258

  14. MR Imaging of Levator Ani Muscle Recovery Following Vaginal Delivery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. Tunn; J. O. L. DeLancey; D. Howard; J. M. Thorp; J. A. Ashton-Miller; L. E. Quint

    1999-01-01

    :   Our aim was to quantify the changes that occur in the levator ani muscles (LA) after vaginal delivery using magnetic resonance\\u000a imaging. Fourteen women underwent MRI 1 day postpartum. Six of them were also scanned 1, 2, 6 weeks and 6 months after delivery.\\u000a LA signal intensities and thickness, in areas of the urogenital and the levator hiatus were

  15. Effects of vaginal lactobacilli in Chlamydia trachomatis infection.

    PubMed

    Mastromarino, Paola; Di Pietro, Marisa; Schiavoni, Giovanna; Nardis, Chiara; Gentile, Massimo; Sessa, Rosa

    2014-07-01

    Increasing evidence indicates that abnormal vaginal flora lacking lactobacilli facilitates the acquisition of several sexually transmitted diseases including Chlamydia trachomatis. C. trachomatis, the most common bacterial agent of genital infections worldwide, can progress from the lower to upper reproductive tract and induce severe sequelae. The ability of C. trachomatis to develop into a persistent form has been suggested as key pathogenetic mechanism underlying chronic infections and sequelae. The aim of our study was to investigate the C. trachomatis interaction with vaginal microbiota analyzing the effects of Lactobacillus strains (L. brevis and L. salivarius) on the different phases of C. trachomatis developmental cycle. In addition, the effect of lactobacilli on persistent chlamydial forms induced by HSV-2 coinfection has also been evaluated. Our results demonstrated significant inhibition of C. trachomatis multiplication by vaginal lactobacilli. L. brevis was significantly more effective than L. salivarius (p<0.05) on all the steps of chlamydial infection cycle suggesting that the ability of lactobacilli to protect from infection is strain-dependent. Lactobacilli had an adverse effect on elementary chlamydial bodies (p<0.05), on chlamydial adsorption to epithelial cells (p<0.001) and on intracellular phases of chlamydial replication (p<0.0001). Our study also demonstrated a protective effect of lactobacilli toward persistent C. trachomatis forms induced by HSV-2 coinfection. A significant increase in the production of C. trachomatis infectious progeny was observed in C. trachomatis/HSV-2 coinfection in the presence of L. brevis (p=0.01) despite a significant inhibition of C. trachomatis multiplication (p=0.028). Our data suggest that a healthy vaginal microbiota can reduce the risk of acquiring C. trachomatis infection and counteract the development of persistent chlamydial forms. PMID:24875405

  16. Vaginal hyperplasia in the bitch: Literature review and commentary

    PubMed Central

    Post, Klaas; Van Haaften, Bas; Okkens, Auke C.

    1991-01-01

    We reviewed the incidence, etiology, clinical presentations, diagnosis, treatments and prevention of canine vaginal hyperplasia, and describe a simple surgical technique for its correction as practiced at the Small Animal Clinic, State University of Utrecht, The Netherlands. Many different treatments have been used, and some are novel approaches. In many cases, prevention is accomplished if the bitch is ovariectomized; there is a high incidence of recurrence with medical treatment. PMID:17423719

  17. Scrotal enterocutaneous fistula: a rare initial presentation of inguinal hernia.

    PubMed

    Malik, Puneet; Rathi, Mahendra; Kumar, Krishan; Sharma, Rajeev; Meena, Pawan; Arya, Ayush; Arya, Rajveer

    2014-01-01

    We describe the case of a 70-year-old man with a long history of inguinal hernia who finally presented to the emergency department with a scrotal enterocutaneous fistula. This is a rare complication of an incarcerated/obstructed direct inguinal hernia. We performed exploratory laparotomy with resection of the perforated small bowel and end-to-end anastamosis of the ileal segment using the purse-string suture at the deep inguinal ring. PMID:24887429

  18. Intracranial dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) presenting progressive dementia and parkinsonism.

    PubMed

    Matsuda, S; Waragai, M; Shinotoh, H; Takahashi, N; Takagi, K; Hattori, T

    1999-05-01

    We studied three patients with dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF). Major symptoms were progressive dementia and parkinsonism, both of which progressed in step-wise fashion. Two of the three patients showed diffuse cerebral white matter lesions on brain CT and MRI. Progressive dementia and parkinsonism in our patients could be caused by diffuse cerebral parenchymal disturbance: impaired cerebral circulation due to severe venous hypertension. DAVF is important for the differential diagnosis in patients with progressive dementia and parkinsonism. PMID:10426146

  19. Trigeminocardiac reflex in embolization of intracranial dural arteriovenous fistula.

    PubMed

    Lv, X; Li, Y; Lv, M; Liu, A; Zhang, J; Wu, Z

    2007-10-01

    We report a case of immediate reproducible and reflexive response of asystole upon stimulation of Onyx injection during embolization of a tentorial dural arteriovenous fistula in a 53-year-old man. Upon recognition of the reflexive relationship between Onyx injection and increased vagal tone, the patient was given anticholinergic in an effort to block cholinergic hyperactivity. After atropine was given, no further dysrhythmias occurred. PMID:17885228

  20. A rare case of spinal dural arteriovenous fistula

    PubMed Central

    Apostolova, Mariya; Nasser, Samer; Kodsi, Samir

    2012-01-01

    Spinal dural arteriovenous fistula (SDAVF) is a rare vascular malformation of the spine. Only a limited number of cases of SDAVF have been reported in the current literature. We describe the case of a 74 year old male who presented with gradually progressive bilateral lower extremity weakness and bladder dysfunction and was subsequently diagnosed with SDAVF affecting both the thoracic and lumbar spine. The patient later underwent embolization with some improvement in his neurologic symptoms. PMID:23355932