#### Sample records for viate jean bolognia

1. See-Saw Jeans

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sutton, Charlotte D.

2005-01-01

This article describes the following case: Pete Wilmington, Vice President of Sales for See-Saw Jeans for Kids, has wrapped up a deal with Wal-Mart to carry See-Saw Jeans for Kids in all Wal-Mart stores on a trial basis for the next year. See-Saw Jeans for Kids is a clothing manufacturer with sales of \$41 million, but the Wal-Mart account has the…

2. Understanding of Jeans Rule

Gao, C. Y.

2002-11-01

Jeans empirical rule has always been used in planetary physics. From the static equation of atmosphere, the equation of state for ideal gases, the law of gravitation and the law of Maxwell distribution, Jeans empirical rule can be derived. Therefore, it seems that Jeans empirical rule should be called Jeans rule. It can be formulated in three forms: in terms of velocity, height, or energy. These three formulations are completely equivalent. According to concrete situation, any one of these forms can be taken freely and used as a criterion, which define whether the atmospheric composition of a given species of particles at the planet surface will exist "forever" or not. The factor in the energy formulation will be neither too large nor too small. According to statistical theory, taking the viewpoint of energy, Jeans rule can be explained more easily. The condition satisfying Jeans rule is only the necessary condition for a given species of partials to be major atmospheric composition of the planets which have dense atmosphere. Jeans rule is not only applicable for the planets and satellites in the solar system, but also suitable for the asteroids, meteoroids and outer solar system objects, such as Centaurs and Kuiper belt objects. The application scope of Jeans rule can be expressed with nomogram as well as defined by equation or by figures. Having been widely used for a long time, it still has a general practical significance in detecting age of planets in the solar system nowadays, especially for the research of outer solar system objects.

3. Sir James Jeans

Milne, E. A.

2013-09-01

Memoir by S. C. Roberts; 1. Merchant Taylor's and Cambridge; 2. Princeton, 1905-9; 3. Return to England. The Adams Prize essay, 1909-19; 4. Secretary of the Royal Society, 1919-29; 5. Popular exposition, 1929-30; 6. Later years, 1931-46; 7. Science in Jeans's boyhood; 8. The partition of energy; 9. Rotating fluid masses; 10. Star clusters; 11. The equilibrium of the stars; 12. Jeans and philosophy; Bibliography; Index.

4. Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier

Sterken, C.

2003-03-01

This paper gives a short account of some key elements in the life of Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier (1768-1830), specifically his relation to Napoleon Bonaparte. The mathematical approach to Fourier series and the original scepticism by French mathematicians are briefly illustrated.

5. Jean-Marie Straub.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Roud, Richard

This book covers the life and aesthetic qualities of the work of the European film-maker Jean-Marie Straub (1933- ). It contains introductory chapters on the biography and artistic milieu of Straub and continues with a chapter-by-chapter critical treatment of each of his films: "Machorka-Muff"; "Not Reconciled"; "Chronicle of Anna Magdalena Bach";…

6. Applicability of Jeans criterion.

1995-03-01

The applicability of the gravitational instability criterion is discussed for some typical configurations. It is shown that the small perturbation method has to be applied only locally, the reason being that the medium of a self-gravitating cloud cannot be considered as homogeneous throughout the whole space. Consequently, there is an upper limit to the geometrical size of a perturbation, defined by the typical inhomogeneity scale length L. On the other hand, according to Jeans criterion, the gravitational instability sets in for perturbations having their linear dimensions larger than some critical length LJ, the Jeans length. It is therefore of importance to estimate the value of the ratio L/LJ in order to be sure that the local analysis conclusions are meaningful.

7. Jean Comandon Neuroscientist.

PubMed

Lorusso, Lorenzo; Lefebvre, Thierry; de Pastre, Béatrice

2016-01-01

The microbiologist Jean Comandon is famous for his studies on the movement of the syphilis bacteria as differentiated in various forms by ultramicroscope. He was also a pioneer on the technical application of the microcinematography in laboratory research. His collaboration with clinicians and surgeons in the study of various pathological disorders is little known. From 1918 to the 1920s, he collaborated with such neurologists as André Thomas, Jean Athanase Sicard, and others in the study of various neurological disorders by using cinematography as a scientific tool for understanding the clinical and pathological mechanisms of diseases. These collaborations allowed him to be involved in the beginnings of the French cinematography industry, especially with Charles Pathé who established a small film studio laboratory in Vincennes where a multidisciplinary group improved the application of cinematography in clinical medical practice. PMID:26684425

8. Jean Laplanche's Masochism.

PubMed

Ray, Nicholas

2015-10-01

This essay examines the theme of masochism in the metapsychological work of French psychoanalyst Jean Laplanche. One of the most distinctive aspects of Laplanche's work as a whole is its recursiveness: it advances by repeatedly retraversing the same themes and rereading the same Freudian texts, often after intervals of years and each time from a deepened critical perspective. The approach taken in this essay is therefore diachronic. That is, rather than seeking to present a reduced summation of Laplanche's position on masochism, it tracks the recursive evolution of his thinking about masochism, from the 1960s through to the development of his celebrated "general theory of seduction." The essay locates each of Laplanche's key interventions on masochism within the broader frameworks of his theoretical enterprise, and positions masochism as a point of orientation for understanding a number of the essential claims of his metapsychology, particularly the relationships among fantasy, pain and the drives; the economic dimensions of human desire; and the intersubjective origins of psychosexuality. Finally, the essay suggests that masochism might have a particular pertinence to psychoanalytic thinking as Laplanche conceives and practices it: that is, as a pains-taking labor whose very stimulus is the "wound" of the Freudian breakthrough. PMID:26485489

9. Interview With Jean Laplanche.

PubMed

Laplanche, Jean; Danon, Gisèle; Lauru, Didier

2015-10-01

The starting point for this interview with Jean Laplanche is a question regarding the place of infantile sexuality within psychoanalysis today. Laplanche begins by underscoring the audaciousness of Freud's characterization of infantile sexuality and the significance of the expansion of the field of "the sexual" that this characterization entails. He goes on to outline his celebrated "general theory of seduction." In doing so he explains key terms associated with it, such as the "enigmatic message" and the "fundamental anthropological situation," and clarifies how the theory seeks to account for sexuality in the expanded sense. In particular, Laplanche stresses the intersubjective origins of "drive" sexuality in infancy, its chaotic evolution, its unique economic mode of functioning, and its subsequent conflict with innate "instinctual" sexual impulses that surge forth at puberty. He also positions the general theory of seduction in relation to the important advances made by attachment theory in the field of the adult-child relationship. Throughout the interview, the discussion touches on social contexts, and at points Laplanche outlines positions on topical concerns connected to education, media, and the law, and the importance of rethinking certain psychoanalytic paradigms in an age of new family structures that do not correspond to the nuclear unit. PMID:26485488

10. Granuloma Annulare

MedlinePlus

... Other oral medications such as potassium iodide, dapsone, nicotinamide, pentoxifylline, hydroxychloroquine, or cyclosporine Trusted Links MedlinePlus: Skin Conditions References Bolognia, Jean L., ed. Dermatology , pp. ...

11. The applicability of Jeans rule.

Chongyi, Gao

1997-10-01

Jeans rule has a wide applicability. It is not only applicable for the planets and satellites in the solar system, but also suitable for the asteroids, meteoroids and the unusual outer solar system object 95P/Chiron. Its applicability can be expressed with a nomogram as well as defined by equations or by figures.

12. A tribute to Jean Perrin

Kubbinga, Henk

2013-09-01

Nineteenth century's physics was primarily a molecular physics in the style of Laplace. Maxwell had been guided by Laplace's breathtaking nebular hypothesis and its consequences for Saturn. Somewhat later Van der Waals drew upon his analysis of capillarity. The many textbooks of Biot perpetuated the molecularism involved in all this. Jean Perrin, then, proposed a charmingly simple proof for the well-foundedness of the molecular theory (1908).

13. Jeans instability in a quantum dusty magnetoplasma

SciTech Connect

Salimullah, M.; Jamil, M.; Shah, H. A.; Murtaza, G.

2009-01-15

Jeans instability in a homogeneous cold quantum dusty plasma in the presence of the ambient magnetic field and the quantum effect arising through the Bohm potential has been examined using the quantum magnetohydrodynamic model. It is found that the Jeans instability is significantly reduced by the presence of the dust-lower-hybrid wave and the ion quantum effect. The minimum wavenumber for Jeans stability depends clearly on ion quantum effect and the dust-lower-hybrid frequency also.

14. Jeans' criterion in nonextensive statistical mechanics

Jiulin, Du

2004-04-01

The Jeans' gravitational instability in nonextensive statistical mechanics is studied and a general form of the generalized Jeans' criterion is obtained that is related to the q-function cq=∑ipiq. In this approach, the nonextensive model of classical ideal gas is applied to the Jeans' problem instead of the ordinary one in extensive statistical mechanics and the generalized critical wavelength to describe the gravitational instability is deduced. This nonextensive modification of the Jeans' criterion leads to a new critical length that depends not only on the nonextensive parameter q but also on the dimension D and the total particle numbers N of the system. When q-->1-, the Jeans' length is perfectly recovered. We also give the nonextensive parameter q a physical interpretation that q=1 represents an isothermal process of the gas, corresponding to the state of complete mixing, but 0

15. Some remarks on the jeans rule

Gao, Chong-yi

From the basic laws of physics one can deduce the Jeans empirical rule, which should preferably be called the Jeans rule. Its representations in velocity, height and energy are completely equivalent and may be arbitrarily chosen. This rule is most easily interpreted in terms of energy. The Jeans rule merely provides a necessary condition for the particles to be the main atmospheric constituent of a planet or satellite with a dense atmosphere. Its range of applicability can be expressed by equations or figures, or by a nomogram. It is applicable to planets, satellites, asteroids and meteoric bodies in the solar system, as well as to some objects in the outer solar system, such as the objects in the Kuiper belt and the Centaurs. This rule still possesses a general and realistic significance even at present day.

16. Jeans stability in collisional quantum dusty magnetoplasmas

SciTech Connect

Jamil, M.; Asif, M.; Mir, Zahid; Salimullah, M.

2014-09-15

Jeans instability is examined in detail in uniform dusty magnetoplasmas taking care of collisional and non-zero finite thermal effects in addition to the quantum characteristics arising through the Bohm potential and the Fermi degenerate pressure using the quantum hydrodynamic model of plasmas. It is found that the presence of the dust-lower-hybrid wave, collisional effects of plasma species, thermal effects of electrons, and the quantum mechanical effects of electrons have significance over the Jeans instability. Here, we have pointed out a new class of dissipative instability in quantum plasma regime.

17. 77 FR 56647 - Lisa Jean Sharp: Debarment Order

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

2012-09-13

... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Lisa Jean Sharp: Debarment Order AGENCY: Food and Drug... the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the FD&C Act) permanently debarring Lisa Jean Sharp from... base this order on a finding that Lisa Jean Sharp was convicted of a felony under Federal law...

18. Jean Piaget Archives Bibliography on Mental Retardation.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bolton, Susie; And Others

This bibliography lists all entries from the Jean Piaget Archives Catalogues dealing with mental retardation. The list, including almost 200 entries, encompasses four works by Piaget himself, one collaboration, and 189 works by other authors. Entries are arranged in order by their publication in one of the 12 catalogues of the archives, providing…

19. The Method of Jean Louis Nicolet

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gattegno, Caleb

2007-01-01

Jean Louis Nicolet is a Swiss teacher of mathematics who found his subject so fascinating that he was puzzled as to why so many pupils could not share this enjoyment in their studies. He came to a conclusion which is now supported by the results of psychological research into the learning process: he suggested that the mind does not spontaneously…

20. Jean Piaget's Debt to John Dewey

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tanner, Daniel

2016-01-01

Jean Piaget became a veritable institution unto himself in education and psychology, largely as the result of his developmental-stage theory advanced over the second quarter of the twentieth century. Not until Piaget was 73 did he make mention of John Dewey's work at Dewey's laboratory school, founded in 1894 at the University of Chicago. But here…

1. Jean Heidmann (1923-2000) and SETI

Courtin, Régis

2010-11-01

Jean Heidmann (1923-2000) began his research career as a radio-astronomer in 1959 at Paris Observatory, investigating the structure of galaxies and the distance scale in the nearby universe. In the early 1980's, his scientific interest broadened to the search for extraterrestrial intelligence and he became a strong advocate of SETI, either from the ground or from space.

2. [Jean Fernel and the humanist spirit].

PubMed

Cordier, Jean-François

2011-06-01

Jean Fernel (1497-1558) embodied the humanist spirit of the Renaissance. He studied philosophy (especially Aristotle), astrology, arithmetic, mathematics and Latin literature before devoting his life to medicine. He conducted a comprehensive synthesis of the medical system of Galen, and invented the terms "physiology" and "pathology". His taste for teaching, his extensive clinical practice, his benevolent attitude to the sick, and his consideration for individuals and for human nature all contribute to Jean Fernel's image as a humanist. He was the most famous physician of his time, although his work relying on philosophy and galenic dogmatism eventually became obsolete. Forgotten for half a millennium, this distant precursor of holistic medicine is worthy of renewed interest. PMID:22530525

3. Jeans criterion in a turbulent medium

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Bonazzola, S.; Falgarone, E.; Heyvaerts, J.; Perault, M.; Puget, J. L.

1986-01-01

According to the classical Jeans analysis, all the molecular clouds of mass larger than a few 100 M(solar), size larger than about 1pc and kinetic temperature Tk less than 30K are gravitationally unstable. We have shown that in clouds supported by internal supersonic motions, local gravitational instabilities may appear within molecular clouds which are globally stable. The argument is threefold: (1) when the turbulent kinetic energy is included into the internal energy term, the virial equilibrium condition shows that molecular clouds such as those observed, which are gravitationally unstable according to the Jeans criterion, are indeed globally stable if supported by a turbulent velocity field of power spectrum steeper than 3; (2) 2D compressible hydrodynamical simulations show that a supersonic turbulent velocity field generates a turbulent pressure within clouds, the gradients of which stabilize the unstable scales (i.e., the largest scales and the cloud itself) against gravitational collapse; (3) an analysis similar to the Jeans approach but including the turbulent pressure gradient term, gives basically the same results as those given in (1). Clouds of mean density lower than a critical value are found to be stable even though more massive than their Jeans mass. In clouds of mean density larger than that critical value, the gravitational instability appears only over a range of scales smaller than the cloud size, the largest scales being stable. In practice, the observed mean densities are lower than this critical value: the observation of a small number of cores and stars of a few solar masses embedded in clouds of several hundred solar masses can only be understood in terms of small scale density fluctuations of large amplitude generated by the supersonic turbulence which would occasionally overtake the limit of gravitational stability.

4. Jeans criterion in a turbulent medium

Bonazzola, S.; Falgarone, E.; Heyvaerts, J.; Perault, M.; Puget, J. L.

1986-10-01

According to the classical Jeans analysis, all the molecular clouds of mass larger than a few 100 M(solar), size larger than about 1pc and kinetic temperature Tk less than 30K are gravitationally unstable. We have shown that in clouds supported by internal supersonic motions, local gravitational instabilities may appear within molecular clouds which are globally stable. The argument is threefold: (1) when the turbulent kinetic energy is included into the internal energy term, the virial equilibrium condition shows that molecular clouds such as those observed, which are gravitationally unstable according to the Jeans criterion, are indeed globally stable if supported by a turbulent velocity field of power spectrum steeper than 3; (2) 2D compressible hydrodynamical simulations show that a supersonic turbulent velocity field generates a turbulent pressure within clouds, the gradients of which stabilize the unstable scales (i.e., the largest scales and the cloud itself) against gravitational collapse; (3) an analysis similar to the Jeans approach but including the turbulent pressure gradient term, gives basically the same results as those given in (1). Clouds of mean density lower than a critical value are found to be stable even though more massive than their Jeans mass. In clouds of mean density larger than that critical value, the gravitational instability appears only over a range of scales smaller than the cloud size, the largest scales being stable. In practice, the observed mean densities are lower than this critical value: the observation of a small number of cores and stars of a few solar masses embedded in clouds of several hundred solar masses can only be understood in terms of small scale density fluctuations of large amplitude generated by the supersonic turbulence which would occasionally overtake the limit of gravitational stability.

5. Venus 1882 and Jean-Charles Houzeau

Sterken, C.

2009-06-01

This paper focuses on one particular type of telescope - the heliometer - designed for solving one specific basic problem in astronomy: the scale factor of the solar system. One very special instrument of this type was the heliometer with unequal focal lengths'' designed by the Belgian astronomer Jean-Charles Houzeau for the 1882 transit of Venus. We also draw attention to the most interesting personality of Houzeau, and to his social engagement that went much beyond his work as a scientist.

6. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey James F. and Jean B. ...

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Historic American Buildings Survey James F. and Jean B. O'Gorman, Photographers October 1963 EXTERIOR FROM THE SOUTHEAST Gift of James F. and Jean B. O'Gorman - Stephen Higginson Jr. House, 7 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, Middlesex County, MA

7. 2. Historic American Buildings Survey James F. and Jean B. ...

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. Historic American Buildings Survey James F. and Jean B. O'Gorman, Photographers October 1963 EXTERIOR FROM THE SOUTHWEST Gift of James F. and Jean B. O'Gorman - Stephen Higginson Jr. House, 7 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, Middlesex County, MA

8. 5. Historic American Buildings Survey James F. and Jean B. ...

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. Historic American Buildings Survey James F. and Jean B. O'Gorman, Photographers October 1963 MID-19th-CENTURY MANTELPIECE IN EAST CHAMBER, SECOND FLOOR Gift of James F. and Jean B. O'Gorman - Stephen Higginson Jr. House, 7 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, Middlesex County, MA

9. 4. Historic American Buildings Survey James F. and Jean B. ...

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. Historic American Buildings Survey James F. and Jean B. O'Gorman, Photographers October 1963 LATE 19th-CENTURY MANTELPIECE IN FIRST FLOOR ROOM Gift of James F. and Jean B. O'Gorman - Stephen Higginson Jr. House, 7 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, Middlesex County, MA

10. 3. Historic American Buildings Survey James F. and Jean B. ...

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. Historic American Buildings Survey James F. and Jean B. O'Gorman, Photographers October 1963 ORIGINAL MANTELPIECE AND WINDOW SHUTTERS, FIRST FLOOR Gift of James F. and Jean B. O'Gorman - Stephen Higginson Jr. House, 7 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, Middlesex County, MA

11. 36 CFR 7.37 - Jean Lafitte National Historical Park.

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

2012-07-01

... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Jean Lafitte National Historical Park. 7.37 Section 7.37 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR SPECIAL REGULATIONS, AREAS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.37 Jean Lafitte National Historical Park. (a) Fishing. (1) Unless...

12. 36 CFR 7.37 - Jean Lafitte National Historical Park.

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

2014-07-01

... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Jean Lafitte National Historical Park. 7.37 Section 7.37 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR SPECIAL REGULATIONS, AREAS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.37 Jean Lafitte National Historical Park. (a) Fishing. (1) Unless...

13. 'STARLESS' SUPER-JEANS CORES IN FOUR GOULD BELT CLOUDS

SciTech Connect

Sadavoy, Sarah I.; Di Francesco, James; Johnstone, Doug

2010-07-20

From a survey of 729 cores based on JCMT/SCUBA data, we present an analysis of 17 candidate starless cores with masses that exceed their stable Jeans masses. We re-examine the classification of these super-Jeans cores using Spitzer maps and find that 3 are re-classified as protostellar, 11 have ambiguous emission near the core positions, and 3 appear to be genuinely starless. We suggest that the 3 starless and 11 undetermined super-Jeans cores represent excellent targets for future observational and computational study to understand the evolution of dense cores and the process of star formation.

14. [Jean Reverzy, physician and author in Lyon (1914-1959)].

PubMed

Fabre, André-Julien

2010-01-01

Jean Reverzy (1914-1959) was a general practitioner in Lyons who got a sudden literary fame with his first novel Le Passage. From 1954 to his death he published Place des angoisses (1956), Le Corridor (1958) and Le Silence de Cambridge (1960). In his books a mirror image is always given of Lyons, a city of mist and mystery, but truly memorable remains in the works of Jean Reverzy his unique and very personal experience of medicine, hospitals and patients. A collection of photographs, portraits and auto-portraits has been presented in homage to Jean Reverzy, a physician-writer. PMID:20527338

15. Jean-Baptiste Charcot, the French Antarctic expedition and scurvy.

PubMed

Teive, Hélio Afonso Ghizoni; Germiniani, Francisco Manoel Branco; Munhoz, Renato Puppi

2014-07-01

During the second expedition to the South Pole, Commander Jean-Baptiste Charcot and some members of the crew of "Pourquoi Pas?" developed symptoms suggestive of scurvy. The clinical picture was totally reversed after dietary changes. PMID:25054991

16. 36 CFR 7.37 - Jean Lafitte National Historical Park.

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

2010-07-01

... THE INTERIOR SPECIAL REGULATIONS, AREAS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.37 Jean Lafitte National...; and (ii) Will not be detrimental to other park wildlife or the reproductive potential of the...

17. 36 CFR 7.37 - Jean Lafitte National Historical Park.

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

2013-07-01

... THE INTERIOR SPECIAL REGULATIONS, AREAS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.37 Jean Lafitte National...; and (ii) Will not be detrimental to other park wildlife or the reproductive potential of the...

18. 36 CFR 7.37 - Jean Lafitte National Historical Park.

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

2011-07-01

... THE INTERIOR SPECIAL REGULATIONS, AREAS OF THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM § 7.37 Jean Lafitte National...; and (ii) Will not be detrimental to other park wildlife or the reproductive potential of the...

19. Jean Piaget et sa Recherche: Search and Research.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gray, Elspeth M.

1981-01-01

The early influences on and development of Jean Piaget's thinking from which crystallized the ideas forming the foundation of his subsequent work are discussed. The influences noted are personal, intellectual, and professional. (MSE)

20. Jeans instability criterion from the viewpoint of Kaniadakis' statistics

Abreu, Everton M. C.; Ananias Neto, Jorge; Barboza, Edesio M., Jr.; Nunes, Rafael C.

2016-06-01

In this letter we have derived the Jeans length in the context of the Kaniadakis statistics. We have compared this result with the Jeans length already obtained in the nonextensive Tsallis statistics (Jiulin D., Phys. Lett. A, 320 (2004) 347) and we discussed the main differences between these two models. We have also obtained the κ-sound velocity. Finally, we have applied the results obtained here to analyze an astrophysical system.

1. Jean-Louis Vignes: California's forgotten winemaker.

PubMed

Macconnell, Scott

2011-01-01

This article represents a first step in the process of restoring the legacy of pioneer California winemaker Jean-Louis Vignes (1780–1862). Vignes was a native of France who established and operated a commercial winery (El Aliso) in Los Angeles for 22 years (1833–1855). The article includes the first known photograph of Vignes discovered by the author. While prominent twentieth-century American wine historians have acknowledged Vignes, the author emphasizes a key distinction made by French historian Leonce Jore. Vignes left France to go to the Sandwich Islands as part of a commercial enterprise that traveled with Catholic missionaries (Picpus Fathers). Only after five years of frustration did Vignes move to Los Angeles and establish a winery. The author uses the remembrances of well-known nineteenth-century commentator William Heath Davis [Seventy-Five Years in California (San Francisco, 1929)] to give some personal insights into Vignes as a winemaker. Davis visited him at El Aliso three times as a young man and lived long enough (1909) to validate Vignes’s vision for the potential of winemaking in California. The article also includes the first known full citation for Vignes’s gravesite at Evergreen Cemetery in Los Angeles. PMID:21591314

2. Jeans type analysis of chemotactic collapse

Chavanis, Pierre-Henri; Sire, Clément

2008-07-01

We perform a linear dynamical stability analysis of a general hydrodynamic model of chemotactic aggregation [P.H. Chavanis, C. Sire, Physica A 384 (2007) 199]. Specifically, we study the stability of an infinite and homogeneous distribution of cells against “chemotactic collapse”. We discuss the analogy between the chemotactic collapse of biological populations and the gravitational collapse (Jeans instability) of self-gravitating systems. Our hydrodynamic model involves a pressure force which can take into account several effects like anomalous diffusion or the fact that the organisms cannot interpenetrate. We also take into account the degradation of the chemical which leads to a shielding of the interaction like for a Yukawa potential. Finally, our hydrodynamic model involves a friction force which quantifies the importance of inertial effects. In the strong friction limit, we obtain a generalized Keller-Segel model similar to the generalized Smoluchowski-Poisson system describing self-gravitating Langevin particles. For small frictions, we obtain a hydrodynamic model of chemotaxis similar to the Euler-Poisson system describing a self-gravitating barotropic gas. We show that an infinite and homogeneous distribution of cells is unstable against chemotactic collapse when the “velocity of sound” in the medium is smaller than a critical value. We study in detail the linear development of the instability and determine the range of unstable wavelengths, the growth rate of unstable modes and the damping rate, or the pulsation frequency, of the stable modes as a function of the friction parameter and shielding length. For specific equations of state, we express the stability criterion in terms of cell density.

3. Jean-Martin Charcot and his legacy.

PubMed

Bogousslavsky, Julien

2014-01-01

Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893) rightly is considered the father of both modern neurology and psychiatry in France and much beyond. While he never was interested in mental disease and what was called 'alienism' at the time, his career at La Salpêtrière Hospital over 30 years was mainly marked by the development of a huge group of students which focused on the study and management of hysteria. When Charcot took office at the beginning of 1862, hysteria was a 'no-man's land', medically speaking, since neither the alienists nor the internists had much interest in this condition. At La Salpêtrière, these chronic patients were largely left to themselves before Désiré Bourneville, one of Charcot's first students, convinced his chief to care for them. Subsequently, the studies of Charcot with Paul Richer, Joseph Babinski, Georges Gilles de la Tourette, Paul Sollier, Pierre Janet, and many others allowed the condition to be addressed in detail. During his stay with Charcot in 1885-1866, Sigmund Freud, a young neuropathologist at the time, became fascinated by hysteria, an interest which probably was the main start of his interest in psychology. Charcot emphasized the concept of mental factors in hysteria, along with that of a 'dynamic' lesion, which accounted for the lack of neuropathological findings in the patients. While his ideas on hysteria and hypnotism were criticized after his death even by former pupils, such as Babinski, recent findings from functional studies using magnetic resonance imaging show how accurate and often visionary Charcot's thinking was in this field. PMID:25273488

4. Jeans instability of rotating magnetized quantum plasma: Influence of radiation

SciTech Connect

Joshi, H.; Pensia, R. K.

2015-07-31

The effect of radiative heat-loss function and rotation on the Jeans instability of quantum plasma is investigated. The basic set of equations for this problem is constructed by considering quantum magnetohydrodynamic (QMHD) model. Using normal mode analysis, the general dispersion relation is obtained. This dispersion relation is studied in both, longitudinal and transverse direction of propagations. In both case of longitudinal and transverse direction of propagation, the Jeans instability criterion is modified due to presence of radiative heat-loss function and quantum correction.

5. Kinetic theory of Jeans instability of a dusty plasma.

PubMed

Pandey, B P; Lakhina, G S; Krishan, V

1999-12-01

A kinetic theory of the Jeans instability of a dusty plasma has been developed in the present work. The effect of grain charge fluctuations due to the attachment of electrons and ions to the grain surface has been considered in the framework of Krook's collisional model. We demonstrate that the grain charge fluctuations alter the growth rate of the gravitational collapse of the dusty plasma. The Jeans length has been derived under limiting cases, and its dependence on the attachment frequency is shown. In the absence of gravity, we see that the damping rate of the dust acoustic mode is proportional to the electron-dust collision frequency. PMID:11970688

6. Jeans instability with exchange effects in quantum dusty magnetoplasmas

SciTech Connect

Jamil, M.; Rasheed, A.; Rozina, Ch.; Jung, Y.-D.; Salimullah, M.

2015-08-15

Jeans instability is examined in magnetized quantum dusty plasmas using the quantum hydrodynamic model. The quantum effects are considered via exchange-correlation potential, recoil effect, and Fermi degenerate pressure, in addition to thermal effects of plasma species. It is found that the electron exchange and correlation potential have significant effects over the threshold value of wave vector and Jeans instability. The presence of electron exchange and correlation effect shortens the time of dust sound that comparatively stabilizes the self gravitational collapse. The results at quantum scale are helpful in understanding the collapse of the self-gravitating dusty plasma systems.

7. Charcot's son, commander Jean-Baptiste Charcot: from neurology to "Pourquoi Pas?".

PubMed

Teive, Hélio A G; Munhoz, Renato P; Simões, Jefferson C

2012-04-01

Charcot name became very famous around the world, firstly because of the work of Professor Jean-Martin Charcot, the founder of Clinical Neurology, and, secondly, because of his son, Jean-Baptiste, the world famous maritime explorer. PMID:22510742

8. "Dancing Cannot Start Too Soon": Spiritual Education in the Thought of Jean Paul Friedrich Richter

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pridmore, John

2004-01-01

Johann Paul Friedrich Richter (1763-1825) adopted the pen-name "Jean Paul" in honour of Jean Jaques Rousseau. His "Levana or the doctrine of education" ("Levana oder Erziehlehre") was once a standard text and required reading in teacher education. Outside Germany the name of Jean Paul is now little known and the seminal educational text for which…

9. Wise, Holistic Thinking: An Interview with Jean Sunde Peterson

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Henshon, Suzanna E.

2012-01-01

This article presents an interview with Jean Sunde Peterson, professor and director of school-counselor preparation in the Department of Educational Studies at Purdue University. She is a licensed mental health counselor and a national certified counselor, planning to return to clinical work with gifted children and adolescents and their families…

10. Whimsical Imagery: An Interview with Jean Nunez Donegan.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gamble, Harriet

2001-01-01

Presents an interview with Jean Nunez Donegan focusing on: her career as an artist; her experiences with teaching art at the secondary and college levels; her process for creating art; and her development as an artist. Includes directions for creating a branch with leaves and bamboo using clay. (CMK)

11. Jean-martin charcot pathologist, neurologist, psychiatrist and physician.

PubMed

Pandey, Sanjay

2012-10-01

Jean-Martin Charcot is known as father of modern neurology. Before him, neurology was only limited to select disorders like chorea. His contributions were not limited to neurology only, as he was instrumental in many new developments in the field of pathology, psychiatry, and internal medicine. Even after 100 years, Charcots clinical methods remain the pillar of modern neurology. PMID:23349597

12. In Touch with Kids: A Conversation with Jean Marzollo.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Spodek, Bernard; Barrera, Rosalinda B.; Harris, Violet J.

2002-01-01

Interviews Jean Marzollo about her past, present, and future work in children's literature. Notes that her body of writing (more than 100 books of prose and poetry for young readers) transcends the boundaries of genre and disciplines, and is infused with a strong emphasis on rhyme and rhythm intended to capture the ears and minds of emergent and…

13. Conceptual Development: Piaget's Legacy. Jean Piaget Symposium Series.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scholnick, Ellin K., Ed.; Nelson, Katherine, Ed.; Gelman, Susan A., Ed.; Miller, Patricia H., Ed.

Based on the papers presented at the 1996 Symposium of the Jean Piaget Society and highlighting the extent to which Piaget's ideas have served to scaffold contemporary thinking about every aspect of conceptual development, this volume examines the nature of conceptual development, its foundations, and the sources of its novelties. The chapters…

14. The Genetic Psychologies of James Mark Baldwin and Jean Piaget.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cahan, Emily D.

1984-01-01

Describes the ideas proposed by James Mark Baldwin which anticipated much of Jean Piaget's work. The goals, genetic approach, and epistemological assumptions underlying Piaget's inquiry into cognitive development found explicit statement in Baldwin's work. Discusses Baldwin's current importance for psychology. (Author/CB)

15. Jean Piaget: An Introduction and Reader's Guide for Children's Librarians.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Getts, Marilyn; Giacoma, Pete

1981-01-01

Introduces children's librarians to the theories of cognitive growth in children formulated by Jean Piaget. An annotated bibliography of three primary and 16 secondary references is provided to promote insight and to reinforce commitment to children's services. Five references are listed. (RAA)

16. Karl Popper and Jean Piaget: A Rationale for Constructivism

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Harlow, Steve; Cummings, Rhoda; Aberasturi, Suzanne M.

2006-01-01

The current faddish use of the term constructivism has taken on as many different definitions as the number of people attempting to define it. This essay clarifies the meaning of constructivism through an examination of Karl Popper's and Jean Piaget's theories. The authors provide a rationale for the use of Popper's paradigm of "Three Worlds" and…

17. Reflections on Piaget. Proceedings of the Jean Piaget Memorial Conference.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Broughton, John M., Ed.; And Others

1981-01-01

Sessions of and presentations given at a memorial conference, held in honor of Jean Piaget, are reported. The conference was sponsored by the Developmental Psychology Program at Teachers College, Columbia University, on November 14, 1980. Sixteen scholars from the fields of psychology, philosophy, and education participated. (CJ)

18. Hannah Arendt & Jean Baudrillard: Pedagogy in the Consumer Society

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Norris, Trevor

2006-01-01

This paper considers the place of education within our "consumers' society", beginning with Hannah Arendt's account of the rise of consumerism to a position of political dominance and the resulting eclipse of public life. Connections are then made between Arendt's account of this rise and Jean Baudrillard's account of the postmodern proliferation…

19. Jean-Martin Charcot Pathologist, Neurologist, Psychiatrist and Physician

PubMed Central

Pandey, Sanjay

2012-01-01

Jean-Martin Charcot is known as father of modern neurology. Before him, neurology was only limited to select disorders like chorea. His contributions were not limited to neurology only, as he was instrumental in many new developments in the field of pathology, psychiatry, and internal medicine. Even after 100 years, Charcots clinical methods remain the pillar of modern neurology. PMID:23349597

20. THERMALLY DRIVEN ATMOSPHERIC ESCAPE: TRANSITION FROM HYDRODYNAMIC TO JEANS ESCAPE

SciTech Connect

Volkov, Alexey N.; Johnson, Robert E.; Tucker, Orenthal J.; Erwin, Justin T.

2011-03-10

Thermally driven escape from planetary atmospheres changes in nature from an organized outflow (hydrodynamic escape) to escape on a molecule-by-molecule basis (Jeans escape) with increasing Jeans parameter, {lambda}, the ratio of the gravitational to thermal energy of the atmospheric molecules. This change is described here for the first time using the direct simulation Monte Carlo method. When heating is predominantly below the lower boundary of the simulation region, R{sub 0}, and well below the exobase of a single-component atmosphere, the nature of the escape process changes over a surprisingly narrow range of Jeans parameters, {lambda}{sub 0}, evaluated at R{sub 0}. For an atomic gas, the transition occurs over {lambda}{sub 0} {approx} 2-3, where the lower bound, {lambda}{sub 0} {approx} 2.1, corresponds to the upper limit for isentropic, supersonic outflow. For {lambda}{sub 0} > 3 escape occurs on a molecule-by-molecule basis and we show that, contrary to earlier suggestions, for {lambda}{sub 0} > {approx}6 the escape rate does not deviate significantly from the familiar Jeans rate. In a gas composed of diatomic molecules, the transition shifts to {lambda}{sub 0} {approx} 2.4-3.6 and at {lambda}{sub 0} > {approx}4 the escape rate increases a few tens of percent over that for the monatomic gas. Scaling by the Jeans parameter and the Knudsen number, these results can be applied to thermally induced escape of the major species from solar and extrasolar planets.

1. Astronaut Jean-Francois Clervoy chats with STS-66 crewmates

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

1994-01-01

Astronaut Jean-Francois Clervoy (center), STS-66 international mission specialist, chats with payload crew mates during a training session on emergency egress procedures. Wearing training versions of the launch and entry suits, the crew members are, left to right, Scott E. Parazynski, Joseph P. Tanner, Clervoy and Ellen Ochoa. Ochoa is the payload commander, Tanner and Parazynski are NASA mission specialists and Clervoy represents the European Space Agency (ESA) as a mission specialist.

2. Jean-Marie Mariotti (1955 - 28 July 1998).

Léna, P.

1998-09-01

Jean-Marie Mariotti, head of the VLTI programme at ESO since the fall of 1997, passed away at the age of 43 on July 28 in Munich, taken by a sudden and acute leukaemia. Together with his wife, Françoise, and their children, Appolline and Octave (6 and 3 years old), a brief ceremony was held on July 31 at the Ost-Friedhof in Munich, attended by his family and a number of his ESO friends and colleagues.

3. Jeans self gravitational instability of strongly coupled quantum plasma

SciTech Connect

Sharma, Prerana; Chhajlani, R. K.

2014-07-15

The Jeans self-gravitational instability is studied for quantum plasma composed of weakly coupled degenerate electron fluid and non-degenerate strongly coupled ion fluid. The formulation for such system is done on the basis of two fluid theory. The dynamics of weakly coupled degenerate electron fluid is governed by inertialess momentum equation. The quantum forces associated with the quantum diffraction effects and the quantum statistical effects act on the degenerate electron fluid. The strong correlation effects of ion are embedded in generalized viscoelastic momentum equation including the viscoelasticity and shear viscosities of ion fluid. The general dispersion relation is obtained using the normal mode analysis technique for the two regimes of propagation, i.e., hydrodynamic and kinetic regimes. The Jeans condition of self-gravitational instability is also obtained for both regimes, in the hydrodynamic regime it is observed to be affected by the ion plasma oscillations and quantum parameter while in the kinetic regime in addition to ion plasma oscillations and quantum parameter, it is also affected by the ion velocity which is modified by the viscosity generated compressional effects. The Jeans critical wave number and corresponding critical mass are also obtained for strongly coupled quantum plasma for both regimes.

4. Modified Jeans instability in Lorentzian dusty self-gravitating plasmas with Lennard-Jones potential

SciTech Connect

Qian, Y. Z. Chen, H. Liu, S. Q.

2014-11-15

The Jeans instability in self-gravitating plasma with Kappa distributed dust grains is investigated basing on assumption that the mutual interaction among dust grains is governed by Lennard-Jones potential. It is shown that the presence of additional suprathermal particles has significant effects on the range of unstable modes and growth rate of Jeans instability. Compared with Maxwellian scenario, suprathermality stabilized the Jeans instability.

5. Jean Piaget: Images of a life and his factory.

PubMed

Burman, Jeremy Trevelyan

2012-08-01

In this article, I use a new book about Jean Piaget to introduce a new historical method: examining "psychological factories." I also discuss some of the ways that "Great Men" are presented in the literature, as well as opportunities for new projects if one approaches the history of the discipline differently and examines the conditions that made that greatness possible. To that end, the article includes many details about Piaget that have never before been discussed in English. Attention is drawn, in particular, to Piaget's collaborators: the hundreds of workers at his factory in Geneva, many of whom were women. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:23397918

6. Physical interpretation of Jeans instability in quantum plasmas

SciTech Connect

Akbari-Moghanjoughi, M.

2014-08-15

In this paper, we use the quantum hydrodynamics and its hydrostatic limit to investigate the newly posed problem of Jeans instability in quantum plasmas from a different point of view in connection with the well-known Chandrasekhar mass-limit on highly collapsed degenerate stellar configurations. It is shown that the hydrodynamic stability of a spherically symmetric uniform quantum plasma with a given fixed mass is achieved by increase in its mass-density or decrease in the radius under the action of gravity. It is also remarked that for masses beyond the limiting Jeans-mass, the plasma becomes completely unstable and the gravitational collapse would proceed forever. This limiting mass is found to depend strongly on the composition of the quantum plasma and the atomic-number of the constituent ions, where it is observed that heavier elements rather destabilize the quantum plasma hydrodynamically. It is also shown that the Chandrasekhar mass-limit for white dwarf stars can be directly obtained from the hydrostatic limit of our model.

7. STS-86 Mission Specialist Jean-Loup Chretien at TCDT

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

1997-01-01

STS-86 Mission Specialist Jean-Loup J.M. Chretien of the French Space Agency, CNES, participates in Terminal Countdown Demonstration Test (TCDT) activities at Launch Pad 39A. This will be his third spaceflight, but first on the Space Shuttle. He flew twice as a research-cosmonaut on Russian missions. STS-86 will be the seventh docking of the Space Shuttle with the Russian Space Station Mir. During the docking, STS-86 Mission Specialist David A. Wolf will transfer to the orbiting Russian station and become a member of the Mir 24 crew, replacing U.S. astronaut C. Michael Foale, who has been on the Mir since the last docking mission, STS-84, in May. Launch of Mission STS-86 aboard the Space Shuttle Atlantis is targeted for Sept. 25.

8. [Jean-Pierre Boudet, Reims pharmacist (1748-1828)].

PubMed

Demouy, Annick

2014-01-01

Jean-Pierre Boudet (1748-1828) is a too much unknown apothicary from Rheims, what is surprising considering the atypical character and the interest of his long carrier: a pharmacist and teacher in Rheims then in Paris, he became an inspector of powders and salpetre in the east of France. In 1798 he left the civil pharmacy and became a military pharmacist by embarking with Napoleon for the campaign of Egypt, which he led until its term, before pursuing his military carrier in Prussia and Austria. As a member of the Commission of Sciences and Arts and a member of the Institute of Egypt, he widely participated, but with too great a modesty, in the scientific works stemming from the campaign of Egypt which had aimed to be as military as scientific and artistic. PMID:25966539

9. Electrostatic drift modes in quantum dusty plasmas with Jeans terms

SciTech Connect

Ren Haijun; Wu Zhengwei; Cao Jintao; Chu, Paul K.

2009-10-15

Electrostatic drift waves (EDWs) are investigated in nonuniform quantum magnetized dusty plasmas by taking into account dust gravitational effects with the help of the quantum hydrodynamic model. Ions and electrons are viewed as low-temperature Fermi gases, whereas quantum effects are neglected for the dust grains. The analytical dispersion relationship of the quantum EDWs is derived. Quantum effects are shown to affect the dispersion of EDW significantly. The Jeans terms induce a driftlike instability, which does not exist with the absence of gravitational effects. The criteria and growth rate of the kind of instability are presented. Our results are relevant to dense astrophysical objects such as the interiors of astrophysical compact objects (e.g., white dwarfs and neutron stars)

10. The early evolution of Jean Piaget's clinical method.

PubMed

Mayer, Susan Jean

2005-11-01

This article analyzes the early evolution of Jean Piaget's renowned "clinical method" in order to investigate the method's strikingly original and generative character. Throughout his 1st decade in the field, Piaget frequently discussed and justified the many different approaches to data collection he used. Analysis of his methodological progression during this period reveals that Piaget's determination to access the genuine convictions of children eventually led him to combine 3 distinct traditions in which he had been trained-naturalistic observation, psychometrics, and the psychiatric clinical examination. It was in this amalgam, first evident in his 4th text, that Piaget discovered the clinical dynamic that would drive the classic experiments for which he is most well known. PMID:17152748

11. Transcultural nursing: a perspective derived from Jean-Paul Sartre.

PubMed

Rajan, M F

1995-09-01

Transcultural nursing care is a well-established theoretical framework. This theory, developed by Madeleine Leininger, can have an impact on clinical practice, academic preparation and nursing research. The heightened interest in applying transcultural care and the increased need to espouse this framework have been triggered by constant population changes. This paper defines transcultural nursing care and expands its definition further by comparing and contrasting it with Jean-Paul Sartre's existentialist perspective. The two modes of existence as defined by Sartre are closely examined. Concrete examples are offered as cultural phenomena and the components of a cultural assessment are discussed and applied. The philosophical thesis is approached from a transcultural nursing perspective and existentialism is shown to serve as a foundation for transcultural nursing. The advantages and disadvantages of transcultural nursing practice and the preparation of transcultural nurses are finally addressed. PMID:7499611

12. [Albert-Jean-Louis Brun, pharmacist of Geneva and vulcanologist].

PubMed

Chaigneau, M

1996-01-01

Albert-Jean-Louis Brun (1851-1929), was chemist of the University of Bern (Switzerland) and "licencié ès sciences" of the University of Sorbonne (France). In Paris he was a faithful follower of Charles Friedel. In Coutance (Genève), where he was working in his own chemistry, he realised all his researchs. After a trip to Stromboli in 1901, he studied the volcanic phenomena as a chemist, as a mineralogist and as a geophysicist. His researchs brought him till the mediterranean volcanos--Vesuve, Etna, Santorin--, till Java and Krakatoa, then Canarian islands, and the lava lake of Kilauea, etc. The results of his works are collected in a big book called "Recherches sur l'exhalaison volcanique": he presents a theory which was the subject of a polemic with the professor Henri Gautier of the professor Henri Gautier of the Faculty of Pharmacy of Paris. PMID:11624861

13. [Pierre Bayen rediscovers the Essays of Jean Rey].

PubMed

Lafont, Olivier

2014-10-01

Jean Rey, a physician from The Bugue, a little town near Bergerac, published, in 1630, a book entitled "Essays" in which he explained the increase of the mass of lead, when it was strongly heated, by the fixation of a part of the air. This revolutionary publication was not received by the European scientists, because the Father Mersenne, "the secretary of learned Europe", was not able to repeat his experiments. Between 1774 and 1775, Pierre Bayen, who was a military apothecary, published his Works concerning the "precipitate per se", for us HgO, showing that when this compound was destroyed by heating, it produced a gas, and that the mass of this gas and the mass of the mercury obtained were equal to the mass of the "precipitate per se". He concluded that the phlogiston theory was contradictory with the results of the experiments. When, later on, Lavoisier published his important article on the increase of the mass of steal when it was heated in the air, he "forgot" to cite the Works of Bayen. In January 1775, Pierre Bayen published a letter in which he mentioned that he had discovered an exemplar of Jean Rey's book and explained that this physician of the 17th century had supposed the explanation that had been proved by Lavoisier. Nicolas Gobet then published a new edition of the "Essays" in 1777, but this new edition became itself quite rare. An inscription pencilled on the book kept by the British Museum pretends that all the exemplars Lavoisier could find were destroyed. It is not rigorous to conclude on a single document, especially when it is not signed, but it is sufficient to induce doubt. PMID:25671980

14. The effect of spin induced magnetization on Jeans instability of viscous and resistive quantum plasma

SciTech Connect

Sharma, Prerana; Chhajlani, R. K.

2014-03-15

The effect of spin induced magnetization and electrical resistivity incorporating the viscosity of the medium is examined on the Jeans instability of quantum magnetoplasma. Formulation of the system is done by using the quantum magnetohydrodynamic model. The analysis of the problem is carried out by normal mode analysis theory. The general dispersion relation is derived from set of perturbed equations to analyse the growth rate and condition of self-gravitational Jeans instability. To discuss the influence of resistivity, magnetization, and viscosity parameters on Jeans instability, the general dispersion relation is reduced for both transverse and longitudinal mode of propagations. In the case of transverse propagation, the gravitating mode is found to be affected by the viscosity, magnetization, resistivity, and magnetic field strength whereas Jeans criterion of instability is modified by the magnetization and quantum parameter. In the longitudinal mode of propagation, the gravitating mode is found to be modified due to the viscosity and quantum correction in which the Jeans condition of instability is influenced only by quantum parameter. The other non-gravitating Alfven mode in this direction is affected by finite electrical resistivity, spin induced magnetization, and viscosity. The numerical study for the growth rate of Jeans instability is carried out for both in the transverse and longitudinal direction of propagation to the magnetic field. The effect of various parameters on the growth rate of Jeans instability in quantum plasma is analysed.

15. Jeans instability of magnetized quantum plasma: Effect of viscosity, rotation and finite Larmor radius corrections

SciTech Connect

Jain, Shweta Sharma, Prerana; Chhajlani, R. K.

2015-07-31

The Jeans instability of self-gravitating quantum plasma is examined considering the effects of viscosity, finite Larmor radius (FLR) corrections and rotation. The analysis is done by normal mode analysis theory with the help of relevant linearized perturbation equations of the problem. The general dispersion relation is obtained using the quantum magneto hydrodynamic model. The modified condition of Jeans instability is obtained and the numerical calculations have been performed to show the effects of various parameters on the growth rate of Jeans instability.

16. In memory of Jean-François Stéphan

Blanchet, René

2016-01-01

This thematic issue of Comptes rendus Geoscience has been assembled to honor the memory of our late colleague and friend Jean-François Stéphan, whose remarkable scientific and community-directed activity has left a deep imprint on both the French and the International Earth Science communities. This volume brings together contributions of colleagues of Jean-François who were also close friends. Naturally, tectonics is the common theme of these contributions. Some of the papers presented here focus on tectonic questions and/or regions Jean-François worked on during his career; other papers present studies Jean-François motivated or encouraged in one way or another. Taken together, the papers of this thematic issue take the reader on a beautiful trip, from past to current tectonics.

17. Jean-Baptiste Belley-Mars: The Obscure Life, the Authentic Legacy.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fikes, Robert Jr.

1982-01-01

Describes how Jean-Baptiste Belley-Mars, a former slave, influenced Haitian history through his role in arguing for the abolition of slavery in the French colonies at the 1794 Paris National Convention. (MJL)

18. [Jean-Paul Marat: physician, scientist and revolutionary].

PubMed

Cerda L, Jaime

2010-01-01

Physician, scientist and revolutionary are the biographical aspects that had better summarize the life of Jean-Paul Marat (1743-1793). Due to the role that he played during the French Revolution, his work as a physician and scientist, prior to the events of l789, was forgotten. Marat made important contributions in the area of optics and electricity reflected in numerous publications, as well as translating Newton's Opticks (1787). Well known for his radical and aggressive ideas, his political vocation led him to embrace the revolutionary cause after the events of the Bastille. His figure was not indifferent to his contemporaries; although considered a hero by the poorest citizens, aristocrats and bourgeois considered him a cruel extremist. During the last years of his life, he suffered a cutaneous disease, the diagnosis of which is still a matter of controversy. Proposed diagnoses include eczema, seborrheic dermatitis, scabies and dermatitis herpetica, among others. Marat was assassinated by Charlotte Corday in 1793, becoming a martyr for some segments of the society that worshiped his memory. He was a man with a complex and curious personality whose figure and legacy are still a matter of discussion. PMID:20361162

19. 50 years of space science (Jean Dominique Cassini Medal Lecture)

Bonnet, Roger-Maurice

2013-04-01

The launch of Sputnik-1 triggered my fascination for space at the age of 20. The past 50 years have allowed me to study the Sun with sounding rockets and satellites, revealing the complexity of our star, contributing to the understanding of its physics, and offering surprising manifestations of its behavior and of its effects on Earth. Building instruments for space astronomy, managing teams of space scientists and engineers, led me to become the science director of the European space agency between 1983 and 2001 where I formulated and managed the Horizon 2000 program, which led Europe to occupy the front row of world space science. The Jean Dominique Cassini Medal Lecture offers me an opportunity, to describe the most spectacular achievements of this long-term plan and to outline some basic principles for reaching success, including the essential role of international cooperation with shared partnership. The Lecture also identifies key problems and controversial issues that space astronomy and exploration will face in the 21st century.

20. Jean-Martin Charcot: neurologist by avocation, nephrologist by yearning.

PubMed

Eknoyan, Garabed

2011-01-01

In an age of medical advances and specialization, Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893) helped found the discipline of neurology and in 1882 was appointed the first Professor of Diseases of the Nervous System in France. As an investigator with broad interests and vast knowledge, Charcot contributed to several other disciplines. An early mentor and dominant figure in Charcot's formative years was Pierre Rayer (1793-1867), famous for his seminal contributions to the study of the kidney, who gifted to Charcot his passion for clinical pathological correlations and likely a yearning for the study of kidney diseases. Famous for the clarity and incisiveness of his formal teaching presentations, Charcot lectured on the kidney at the Faculty of Medicine in Paris in 1877. Translated into English and published as a book titled Lectures on Bright's Disease, those lectures became widely accessible and quoted in the literature through the 1940s. In addition, at a time when he was already concentrating on the study of neurological disorders, Charcot maintained his life-long interest in the kidney and published original studies on the pathological changes of the kidney in gout and experimental lead poisoning, as well as supporting a study of hysterical ischuria by his students. PMID:21614774

1. Man with a Mission: Jean-Dominique Cassini

Belkora, Leila

2004-03-01

Jean-Dominique Cassini, for whom the Cassini mission to Saturn is named, is best known for his early understanding of that planet's rings. This article is an overview of his influential career in astronomy and other scientific fields.= Born in Italy in1625 and formally educated at an early age, he was a professor of astronomy at the University of Bologna, a leading center of learning in Europe of the time. He was an early observer of Jupiter, Mars, and Venus. He is best known for constructing a giant pinhole camera in a cathedral that he used with a meridian line on the floor to track the Sun's image through the year, thus providing the Catholic Church with a reliable calendar. Cassini also used the pinhole camera observations to calculate the variation in the distance between the Sun and Earth, thus lending support to the Copernican (Sun-centered) view of the solar system. Cassini moved to Paris at the request of King Louis XIV, originally to oversee the surveying needed for a new map system of France, but ultimately he took over as the director of the Paris Observatory. Cassini's descendants ran the observatory there for the following century.

2. BOOK REVIEW: Jean-Charles Houzeau et son temps

Sterken, C.; Verhas, P.

2002-12-01

This is a wonderful book. It describes the life and work of Belgian astronomer Jean-Charles Houzeau (1820-1888) and, as the last three words of the title indicate, it has a broader focus including the social, industrial and scientific context of the second part of the 19th century. This is set in a very broad international social context including social revolutions in Belgium and France, and the abolition of slavery in the United States. The biography clearly shows that this hard-working man was driven by science and justice, by individualism and generosity, by humor and sentiment. The book is divided in four parts, each part is placed in its own historical context. The first part "The apprentice, the master and his disciples" describes Houzeau's childhood and young years, his early scientific career at the Observatory in Brussels, and his relationship with Adolphe Quetelet. The evolution of this relationship is very well documented: the turbulent revolutionary Houzeau versus cool, moderated and diplomatic royalist Quetelet, the observer versus the mathematician theorist. But both were very dedicated teachers: Quetelet established public courses and after the Revolution of 1830 he contributed to the foundation of the University of Brussels; Houzeau was the peripatetic teacher wherever place he was, also after his return to Belgium. The second part is "The politician" and deals with Houzeau's political ideas and revolutionary attitudes and their consequences. His revolutionary ideas, though, were not confined to politics only: he also severely criticised the paucity of high-precision observations collected at the Royal Observatory in his days. Because he participated at revolutionary meetings, Houzeau was fired from his position at the Observatory by the Minister of Interior Affairs Charles Rogier. Thus started his peripathetic life, covering observational work in astronomy, geography, geodesy and natural sciences in many places in Belgium and abroad. The third

3. Did Jean-Martin Charcot contribute to stroke?

PubMed

Bogousslavsky, Julien; Paciaroni, Maurizio

2010-01-01

Stroke was never identified as a significant, autonomous field of activity of the emerging school of neurology at La Salpêtrière, which developed after the appointment of Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893) during the last days of 1861. However, stroke was already present in Charcot's first paper (1851), which dealt with a case of multiple organ cardiac embolism, including middle cerebral artery infarction, at a time when the studies of Rudolf Virchow on thromboembolism were unknown in France. A few years later, Charcot made a still up-to-date description of vascular intermittent claudication, which had only been reported in the horse. In the 1860s, Charcot and his pupils presented several major works dealing with cerebrovascular disease, including famous studies on miliary aneurysms in cerebral hemorrhage. This work was done with Charles Bouchard, at the time Charcot's 'interne', but who would become one of his 'political' opponents 2 decades later, when in 1892, as president of the 'agrégation' jury, he rejected the professorship application of 4 protégés of Charcot, including Joseph Babinski and Georges Gilles de la Tourette. Further work on cerebrovascular disease by Charcot included histological studies of brain 'softening', paraneoplastic cerebral arterial occlusion and consequences of stroke (e.g. arthropathies, vegetative changes, contractures and abnormal movements). Brain localization, one of Charcot's major neurological topics, was also largely based on stroke case studies. Charcot's work on stroke remains poorly recognized, but it demonstrates his unique skills in stimulating scientific work in younger colleagues, many of whom subsequently became major figures of neurology and psychiatry. PMID:20588046

4. Cutaneous Horn

MedlinePlus

... fair-skinned individuals with a history of significant sun exposure. Signs and Symptoms A cutaneous horn most often ... radiation therapy. Trusted Links MedlinePlus: Skin Conditions MedlinePlus: Sun Exposure References Bolognia, Jean L., ed. Dermatology , pp.1715. ...

5. EAARL Topography - Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve 2006

USGS Publications Warehouse

Nayegandhi, Amar; Brock, John C.; Wright, C. Wayne; Segura, Martha; Yates, Xan

2008-01-01

These remotely sensed, geographically referenced elevation measurements of Lidar-derived first surface (FS) and bare earth (BE) topography were produced as a collaborative effort between the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Florida Integrated Science Center (FISC), St. Petersburg, FL; the National Park Service (NPS), Gulf Coast Network, Lafayette, LA; and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Wallops Flight Facility, VA. This project provides highly detailed and accurate datasets of the Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve in Louisiana, acquired on September 22, 2006. The datasets are made available for use as a management tool to research scientists and natural resource managers. An innovative airborne Lidar instrument originally developed at the NASA Wallops Flight Facility, and known as the Experimental Advanced Airborne Research Lidar (EAARL), was used during data acquisition. The EAARL system is a raster-scanning, waveform-resolving, green-wavelength (532-nanometer) Lidar designed to map near-shore bathymetry, topography, and vegetation structure simultaneously. The EAARL sensor suite includes the raster-scanning, water-penetrating full-waveform adaptive Lidar, a down-looking red-green-blue (RGB) digital camera, a high-resolution multi-spectral color infrared (CIR) camera, two precision dual-frequency kinematic carrier-phase GPS receivers, and an integrated miniature digital inertial measurement unit, which provide for submeter georeferencing of each laser sample. The nominal EAARL platform is a twin-engine Cessna 310 aircraft, but the instrument may be deployed on a range of light aircraft. A single pilot, a Lidar operator, and a data analyst constitute the crew for most survey operations. This sensor has the potential to make significant contributions in measuring sub-aerial and submarine coastal topography within cross-environmental surveys. Elevation measurements were collected over the survey area using the EAARL system

6. Design jeans for recycling: a supply chain case study in The Netherlands.

PubMed

van Bommel, Harrie; Goorhuis, Maarten

2014-11-01

Because the insight is raising that waste prevention needs an integral product chain approach, a product chain project was awarded with an International Solid Waste Association grant. The project decided to focus on jeans because of the large environmental impacts of cotton and the low recycling rates. The project used an open innovative approach by involving many actors from the different phases of the chain and included student and applied researchers. In a 'design jeans for recycling' students' workshop, prototypes of jeans that are easier to recycle have been developed. Integrating the new generation from different disciplines in the project proved to be very successful. The results show that an open innovation process can lead to very creative ideas and that lessons learned from this project could be used to develop new chain projects for other products. An important condition is that key actors are willing to cooperate in an open innovation approach. PMID:25245293

7. BOOK REVIEW: Jean-Charles Houzeau et son temps

Sterken, C.; Verhas, P.

2002-12-01

This is a wonderful book. It describes the life and work of Belgian astronomer Jean-Charles Houzeau (1820-1888) and, as the last three words of the title indicate, it has a broader focus including the social, industrial and scientific context of the second part of the 19th century. This is set in a very broad international social context including social revolutions in Belgium and France, and the abolition of slavery in the United States. The biography clearly shows that this hard-working man was driven by science and justice, by individualism and generosity, by humor and sentiment. The book is divided in four parts, each part is placed in its own historical context. The first part "The apprentice, the master and his disciples" describes Houzeau's childhood and young years, his early scientific career at the Observatory in Brussels, and his relationship with Adolphe Quetelet. The evolution of this relationship is very well documented: the turbulent revolutionary Houzeau versus cool, moderated and diplomatic royalist Quetelet, the observer versus the mathematician theorist. But both were very dedicated teachers: Quetelet established public courses and after the Revolution of 1830 he contributed to the foundation of the University of Brussels; Houzeau was the peripatetic teacher wherever place he was, also after his return to Belgium. The second part is "The politician" and deals with Houzeau's political ideas and revolutionary attitudes and their consequences. His revolutionary ideas, though, were not confined to politics only: he also severely criticised the paucity of high-precision observations collected at the Royal Observatory in his days. Because he participated at revolutionary meetings, Houzeau was fired from his position at the Observatory by the Minister of Interior Affairs Charles Rogier. Thus started his peripathetic life, covering observational work in astronomy, geography, geodesy and natural sciences in many places in Belgium and abroad. The third

8. Secondary instability of Jeans mode in a gravitating fluid with uniform rotation

SciTech Connect

Chakrabarti, Nikhil

2011-06-15

An axisymmetric rotating gas in a gravitational field is examined for its stability to two dimensional disturbances with first azimuthal mode. It is shown that a quasi-equilibrium is established when pressure and Coriolis force act against primary Jeans instability. A linear perturbation on this inhomogeneous equilibrium gives rise to secondary instability, which grows differently from homogeneous case. A stationary phase integral method demonstrates that the instability grows algebraically due to the free energy associated with the axisymmetric equilibrium. This secondary Jeans instability may have some bearing with the structure formations in the universe.

9. A Response to "Boarding School in a Canadian Context," by Jean Barman.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cookson, Peter W., Jr.

1982-01-01

Raises issues concerning boarding schools in response to Jean Barman's critique of "Boarding Schools and the Moral Community." (See JC 502 949 and JC 502 950). Discusses influences on the boarding school tradition, the liberal orientation of parents of boarding school students, boarding school purposes, and the variation that exists among boarding…

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rocha, Samuel

2009-01-01

In this essay Samuel Rocha primarily addresses, and challenges, the modern conception of reason and the lowly place of intuition, feeling, and love in what has become traditional philosophy and education. Drawing upon the rich thought of William James and Jean-Luc Marion, Rocha introduces the reader to a certain harmony between their ideas, most…

11. [Mortality at the end of the sixteenth century according to the data of Jean Hudde].

PubMed

Lombardo, E

1987-01-01

The author presents survival probability and mortality information for Holland in the late sixteenth century based on life annuity data for the years 1586-1590, examined by Jean Hudde and discussed in a letter he wrote in 1671 to Christiaan Huygens. PMID:12268631

12. Can You Hear Me Now? Jean-Jacques Rousseau on Listening Education

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Laverty, Megan J.

2011-01-01

In this essay Megan J. Laverty argues that Jean-Jacques Rousseau's conception of humane communication and his proposal for teaching it have implications for our understanding of the role of listening in education. She develops this argument through a close reading of Rousseau's most substantial work on education, "Emile: Or, On Education". Laverty…

13. Jean Vigo's "Zéro De Conduite" and the Spaces of Revolt

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Vanobbergen, Bruno; Grosvenor, Ian; Simon, Frank

2014-01-01

In this article we will contribute to the contemporary theoretical debate about film by considering, from a history-of-education perspective, the film "Zéro de conduite" by Jean Vigo (1905--1934). This film is classified under the umbrella of "poetic realism": a product of "cinéma de gauche" and an avant-gardist,…

14. Astronaut Jean-Francois Clervoy in white room on launch pad 39B

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

1994-01-01

In the white room at Launch Pad 39B, STS-66 mission specialist Jean-Francois Clervoy is assisted with his partial pressure launch/entry suit by close-out crew members Travis Thompson and Danny Wyatt (background) before entering the Space Shuttle Atlantis for its November 3 launch.

15. The Enunciation of the Subject: Sharing Jean-Luc Nancy's Singular Plural in the Classroom

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Collins, Ashok

2015-01-01

This article seeks to explore the implications of Jean-Luc Nancy's reading of the subject for educational philosophy by connecting his re-interpretation of Descartes to his later thinking on what he names the ontological singular plural. Nancy's re-imagining of the Cogito coalesces around the figure of the mouth ("la bouche") through…

16. The Role of Trustworthiness in Teaching: An Examination of "The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie"

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Katz, Michael S.

2014-01-01

The purpose of this paper is to examine the role that trustworthiness plays in the ability of teachers to function as moral role models. Through exploration of Muriel Spark's novel, "The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie," I explain some of the central features of trustworthiness as a moral virtue and suggest how these features are critical…

17. The Right College: As Comfortable as Your Favorite Pair of Jeans

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Martin, Elizabeth Jean

2009-01-01

There is one thing on every shopping list that any student will be sure to choose accurately: the perfect pair of jeans. Indeed, this ubiquitous wardrobe staple is an important purchase requiring a variety of considerations, many of which correspond to another even more significant decision most students will make in the coming weeks, months or…

18. Looking for Marx: A Review of "Marx and Education" by Jean Anyon

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Banfield, Grant

2011-01-01

"Marx and Education" is the second and latest volume in the new "Routledge Key Ideas in Education Series". The series is intended to offer readers concise introductions to specific sub-field developments in the field of educational scholarship. For their "Marx and Education" volume, Greg Dimitriadis and Bob Lingard invited Jean Anyon to illuminate…

19. Jean-Martin Charcot's Role in the 19th Century Study of Music Aphasia

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Johnson, Julene K.; Lorch, Marjorie; Nicolas, Serge; Graziano, Amy

2013-01-01

Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-93) was a well-known French neurologist. Although he is widely recognized for his discovery of several neurological disorders and his research into aphasia, Charcot's ideas about how the brain processes music are less well known. Charcot discussed the music abilities of several patients in the context of his "Friday…

20. An Interview with Mark Ahlness and Jean Carmody about the Earth Day Groceries Project.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strangman, Nicole

2002-01-01

Outlines an interview with Mark Ahlness, a third-grade teacher at Arbor Heights Elementary School in Seattle, Washington, and Jean Carmody, an art teacher at two elementary schools in Cranston, Rhode Island. Describes their collaborative project called the Earth Day Groceries Project. Explains that in this Internet project, students decorate…

1. Documenting Reproduction and Inequality: Revisiting Jean Anyon's "Social Class and School Knowledge"

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Luke, Allan

2010-01-01

Jean Anyon's (1981) "Social Class and School Knowledge" was a landmark work in North American educational research. It provided a richly detailed qualitative description of differential, social class-based constructions of knowledge and epistemological stance. This essay situates Anyon's work in two parallel traditions of critical educational…

2. Manufactured Memory, Altered Belief and Self Report Mirage: The Alleged False Memory of Jean Piaget Revisited.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Leavitt, Frank

1999-01-01

It is argued that a Jean Piaget anecdote about an alleged memory implanted in a young child leading to both a visual and semantic memory that persists despite disconfirming evidence is entirely different than the recovered memory debate, which is about the alleged introduction of memories to grown adults. (CR)

3. Jean Piaget and Rudolf Steiner: Stages of Child Development and Implications for Pedagogy.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ginsburg, Iona H.

1982-01-01

The views of Jean Piaget and Rudolf Steiner concerning children's stages of development are compared and related to present-day instructional practices used in the Waldorf schools, which employ Steiner's ideas. Educational principles and practices used at the elementary school level are discussed. (PP)

4. A Biographic Comparison Tracing the Similarities in the Lives of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pass, Susan

This paper focuses on similarities in the lives of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky to enlighten study of their pedagogies and to provide some information for current classroom techniques. Neither man had a great deal to say about his early life, although Piaget published an autobiography. A number of primary sources were used to construct the…

5. A Biographic Comparison Tracing the Origin of Their Ideas of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pass, Susan

This paper compares the early life, background, and education of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky. It makes the case that an adaptation of the curve developed by C. Quigley can be used to trace the motivations of both Piaget and Vygotsky in creating their respective theories. The analysis also reveals the adversity that each man faced. Although they…

6. Probes into the Actuality of Fantasy: Jean Epstein's "La Chute de la Maison Usher."

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Harpole, Charles H.

"La Chute de la Maison Usher" is a film adaptation by Jean Epstein of two stories by Edgar Allan Poe, "The Fall of the House of Usher" and "The Oval Portrait." This film was typical of Epstein's artistic preoccupation with the ambivalence of reality as expressed in fantasy or surrealism, in qualities of movement, and in the vagaries of seeing and…

7. Resisting a Discourse of Mastery: A Conversation with Jean-Francois Lyotard.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Olson, Gary A.

1995-01-01

Presents an interview with Jean-Francois Lyotard, which provides insight into many concerns, including his views on culture, feminism, postmodernism, and writing. Explains Lyotard's belief that philosophy and inquiry ought to pursue perpetual questions as opposed to "answers" or mastery of a subject. (TB)

8. Rhetoric in Group Action: A Theory of Social Movements from Jean-Paul Sartre.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Warnick, Barbara

The implications of a social movement theory advanced by Jean-Paul Sartre in his "Critique of Dialectical Reason" is examined in this paper. The paper notes that unlike sociologists and rhetoricians who have stressed the psychology of movement adherents, the reasons for movement formation, or the movement's interaction with power agents, Sartre…

9. Baron Dominique-Jean Larrey (1766-1842): founder of military surgery and trauma care.

PubMed

Karamanou, M; Rosenberg, T; Liakakos, T; Androutsos, G

2011-01-01

Dominique-Jean Larrey was a distinguished surgeon in chief of Napoleon's army and a faithful servant of the Empire. His surgical skills and inventions, his absolute attachment and devotion to his profession, his humanitarian spirit and courage entitled him as one of history's greatest military surgeons. PMID:21520773

10. A Portrait of the Teacher as Friend and Artist: The Example of Jean-Jacques Rousseau

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

McEwan, Hunter

2011-01-01

The following is a reflection on the possibility of teaching by example, and especially as the idea of teaching by example is developed in the work of Jean-Jacques Rousseau. My thesis is that Rousseau created a literary version of himself in his writings as an embodiment of his philosophy, rather in the same way and with the same purpose that…

11. New employee strategies pay off. Identity crisis at Jeanes Hospital gives way to a new day.

PubMed

Botvin, Judith D

2002-01-01

A new spirit is evident at Jeanes Hospital in Philadelphia, where morale had slumped following the combination of the 128-year old Quaker-based institution with the Temple University Health System. The key is a new CEO with a passion for open communication, honest messaging and consistent follow-up. PMID:11915205

12. Ensaio de Pedagogia Comparada: Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) X Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) (Essay on Compared Pedagogy: Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) X Immanuel Kant (1724-1804).

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fontanella, Francisco Cock

2000-01-01

Finds that, although the thought of Jean Jacques Rousseau is frequently cited as an influence on Immanuel Kant, this has no basis regarding pedagogical influence. Compares the "Projecto" and "Emilio" of Rousseau with Kant's "Pedagogia." (BT)

13. Two Schemes of Intellectual Development: A Comparison of Development as Defined by William Perry and Jean Piaget.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perry, Bruce; And Others

1986-01-01

A comparison of the theories of Jean Piaget and William Perry (using individual interviews with college students) shows that the two theories outline different and independent processes for assessing intellectual development. (JN)

14. Applicability problem of Jeans criterion to a stationary self-gravitating cloud

1990-08-01

The applicability of standard normal mode analysis with the resulting gravitational instability criterion is discussed for some typical configurations. It is shown that the small-perturbation method, generally used in the literature, has to be applied locally only, the reason being that the medium of a self-gravitating cloud cannot be considered homogeneous throughout the whole space. Consequently, there is an upper limit to the geometrical size of a perturbation, defined by the typical inhomogeneity scale length L. On the other hand, according to the Jeans criterion, the gravitational instability sets in for perturbations having their linear dimensions larger than some critical length, L(J), the Jeans length. It is therefore of some importance to estimate the value of the ratio L/L(J) in order to be sure that the local-analysis conclusions are meaningful.

15. Le Fevre [Le Fèvre; LeFebvre], Jean (1652-1706)

Murdin, P.

2000-11-01

Born in Lisieux, France, became an associate of JEAN PICARD and PHILIPPE DE LA HIRE, became a member of the Académie des Sciences and worked on rather routine work calculating ephemeredes, and surveying. Le Fevre accused La Hire of stealing his tables after Philippe de La Hire published Tabulae Astronomicae in 1687. In 1701, resentful at not having been named official publisher of ephemerides to ...

16. The Jeans instability criterion for a compressible fluid including viscosity and heat conduction

Corona-Galindo, M. G.; Dehnen, H.

1989-03-01

For the region after the recombination era of the universe, the hydrodynamical density waves are analyzed, including shear viscosity and heat conduction for densities equal to and less than the critical density of the universe. Very near to the end of the recombination era (z = 1200), the well-known Jeans instability is found. Although the influence of the shear viscosity on the instabilities is negligible, a visible influence of the bulk viscosity is found to be present.

17. Profiles of international archives: Les archives Jean Piaget, University of Geneva, Switzerland.

PubMed

Burman, Jeremy Trevelyan

2013-05-01

This research report provides a look behind closed doors at the Jean Piaget Archives in Geneva, Switzerland. It situates the potential visitor, contextualizes the Archives in its own history, and then describes what scholars can expect to find. New details about Piaget's views on Equal Rights and Equal Pay are also provided, including a look at how they affected the women who worked his factory (esp. Bärbel Inhelder). (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:23544355

18. Jean Piaget's experiences on the couch: some clues to a mystery.

PubMed

Schepeler, E M

1993-04-01

This paper is an attempt to reconstruct the historical, institutional, and personal circumstances leading to and surrounding Jean Piaget's psychoanalysis with Sabina Spielrein. It appears that the young Piaget's interest in psychoanalysis largely emanated from his long-standing problems with his mother. It is suggested that Piaget's lifelong tendency to intellectualise his own emotional experiences may relate to the near omission of affective factors in his psychological theories. PMID:8491531

19. Astronaut Jean-Francois Clervoy in middeck during launch/entry training

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

1994-01-01

Wearing a training version of a partial pressure suit, Astronaut Jean-Francois Clervoy, STS-66 international mission specialist, secures himself on a collapsible seat on the middeck of a shuttle trainer during a rehearsal of procedures to be followed during launch and entry phases of the scheduled November flight of STS-66. This rehearsal, held in the crew compartment trainer (CCT) of JSC's Shuttle mockup and integration laboratory, was followed by a training session on emergency egress procedures.

20. Astronaut Jean-Francois Clervoy in middeck during launch/entry training

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

1994-01-01

Astronaut Jean-Francois Clervoy, STS-66 international mission specialist, sits securely on a collapsible seat on the middeck of a shuttle trainer during a rehearsal of procedures to be followed during launch and entry phases of the scheduled November flight of STS-66. This rehearsal, held in the crew compartment trainer (CCT) of JSC's Shuttle mockup and integration laboratory, was followed by a training session on emergency egress procedures.

1. The pursuit of being in the life and thought of Jean-Paul Sartre.

PubMed

Atwood, G E

1983-01-01

This paper has examined the relationship between the life and the thought of Jean-Paul Sartre. The central themes of Sartre's personal existence are shown to revolve around a struggle for self-definition and self-formation, rooted in the empathic failures of significant others during his formative years. It is argued that Sartre's experience of this struggle is mirrored and symbolized by the dialectic of being and nothingness which constitutes the central preoccupation of his philosophy. PMID:6415717

2. The effect of finite Larmor radius corrections on Jeans instability of quantum plasma

SciTech Connect

Sharma, Prerana; Chhajlani, R. K.

2013-09-15

The influence of finite Larmor radius (FLR) effects on the Jeans instability of infinitely conducting homogeneous quantum plasma is investigated. The quantum magnetohydrodynamic (QMHD) model is used to formulate the problem. The contribution of FLR is incorporated to the QMHD set of equations in the present analysis. The general dispersion relation is obtained analytically using the normal mode analysis technique which is modified due to the contribution of FLR corrections. From general dispersion relation, the condition of instability is obtained and it is found that Jeans condition is modified due to quantum effect. The general dispersion relation is reduced for both transverse and longitudinal mode of propagations. The condition of gravitational instability is modified due to the presence of both FLR and quantum corrections in the transverse mode of propagation. In longitudinal case, it is found to be unaffected by the FLR effects but modified due to the quantum corrections. The growth rate of Jeans instability is discussed numerically for various values of quantum and FLR corrections of the medium. It is found that the quantum parameter and FLR effects have stabilizing influence on the growth rate of instability of the system.

3. The effect of suspended particles on Jean's criterion for gravitational instability

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Wollkind, David J.; Yates, Kemble R.

1990-01-01

The effect that the proper inclusion of suspended particles has on Jeans' criterion for the self-gravitational instability of an unbounded nonrotating adiabatic gas cloud is examined by formulating the appropriate model system, introducing particular physically plausible equations of state and constitutive relations, performing a linear stability analysis of a uniformly expanding exact solution to these governing equations, and exploiting the fact that there exists a natural small material parameter for this problem given by N sub 1/n sub 1, the ratio of the initial number density for the particles to that for the gas. The main result of this investigation is the derivation of an altered criterion which can substantially reduce Jeans' original critical wavelength for instability. It is then shown that the existing discrepancy between Jeans' theoretical prediction using and actual observational data relevant to the Andromeda nebula M31 can be accounted for by this new criterion of assuming suspended particles of a reasonable grain size and distribution to be present.

4. Dynamical signatures of infall around galaxy clusters: a generalized Jeans equation

Falco, Martina; Mamon, Gary A.; Wojtak, Radoslaw; Hansen, Steen H.; Gottlöber, Stefan

2013-12-01

We study the internal kinematics of galaxy clusters in the region beyond the sphere of virialization. Galaxies around a virialized cluster are infalling towards the cluster centre with a non-zero mean radial velocity. We develop a new formalism for describing the dynamical state of clusters, by generalizing the standard Jeans formalism with the inclusion of the peculiar infall motions of galaxies and the Hubble expansion as well as the contributions due to background cosmology. Using empirical fits to the radial profiles of density, mean radial velocity and velocity anisotropy of both a stacked cluster-mass halo and two isolated haloes of a cosmological dark matter only simulation, we verify that our generalized Jeans equation correctly predicts the radial velocity dispersion out to 4 virial radii. We find that the radial velocity dispersion inferred from the standard Jeans equation is accurate up to 2 virial radii, but overestimated by ≈20 per cent for the stacked halo and by ≈40 per cent for the isolated haloes, in the range ≈2-3 virial radii. Our model depends on the logarithmic growth rate of the virial radius (function of halo mass or concentration), which we estimate in seven different ways, and on the departure from self-similarity of the evolution of the peculiar velocity profile in virial units.

5. [Jean-Louis-Paul Denucé (1824-1889): A forgotten pioneer of plastic surgery].

PubMed

Marck, K W; Martin, D

2016-02-01

The authors propose to define as main characterization of plastic reconstructive surgery the conceptual thinking that leads to a rational choice of an operative treatment. Conceptual thinking in plastic surgery started halfway the nineteenth century with the first schematic representations of the operative procedures available at that time, in which Von Ammon and Baumgarten, Szymanowski and Denucé played a prominent role. These four authors and their works are presented with special attention for the less known of them, Jean-Paul Denucé, surgeon in Bordeaux. PMID:26612441

6. A tribute to Jean Lindenmann, co-discoverer of interferon (1924-2015).

PubMed

Haller, Otto

2015-11-01

In 1957, the discovery of interferon was reported by Isaacs and Lindenmann in the prestigious journal Proceedings of the Royal Society (1957) [1,2]. This discovery was definitely one of the scientific landmarks in cell biology of the past century. It was the result of an initially unplanned and amazingly creative collaboration with Alick Isaacs that lasted from July 1956 to June 1957 at Mill Hill in London. Jean Lindenmann died in Zürich on January 15, 2015, at the age of 90, after having survived Alick Isaacs (1921-1967) for almost five decades. PMID:25937629

7. [Jean-Jacques Lefrère: A miscarried ambition for blood safety in francophone Africa].

PubMed

Tayou Tagny, C; Laperche, S; Murphy, E

2016-02-01

The announcement of the death of Professor Jean-Jacques Lefrère caused considerable emotion and surprise within the francophone Africa blood transfusion research network. The group was created in 2007 in Paris. Each member that works within this group wanted to pay their last respects through dedicated publication for a brilliant researcher and writer. The tribute describes the creation of the group, its goals, its operations, its achievements and the prospects of its activities while emphasizing the essential role that Professor Lefrère played within the group. PMID:26762688

8. Seduction and the vicissitudes of translation: the work of Jean Laplanche.

PubMed

Fletcher, John

2007-10-01

This paper aims to analyze Jean Laplanche's revision of Freudian metapsychology, which emerged from a critical return to Freud's officially abandoned seduction theory of 1895-1897. Where Freud gradually replaced the model of traumatic seduction with a theory of infantile sexuality and its drives, Laplanche articulates both trauma and sexual drive in a new theory of primal seduction, the fundamental anthropological situation in which human subjectivity is formed. The author concludes by considering Laplanche's modeling of the psychoanalytic situation and his reformulation of transference in relation to mourning and sublimation within the framework of the general theory of seduction. PMID:18085011

9. Classical extended charge subjected to linear forces and Rayleigh-Jeans radiation

Blanco, R.; Pesquera, L.; Jimenez, J. L.

1986-07-01

We study a rigid classical extended charge in the nonrelativistic approximation, first subjected to a linear force, and second immersed in an electromagnetic radiation with a Rayleigh-Jeans (RJ) spectrum. A Yukawa distribution is considered for the charge, when necessary, to get explicit results. A comparison with the Abraham-Lorentz (AL) model is made. Our results show that the AL model is a good approximation for the extended charge only if the external forces do not contain high frequencies. However, if we consider RJ radiation big discrepancies appear. We also find that the linear system follows the Maxwell-Boltzmann law only for large enough values of the radius.

10. A comparison between John Dewey's theory of inquiry and Jean Piaget's genetic analysis of intelligence.

PubMed

Seltzer, E

1977-06-01

This article compares John Dewey's theory of inquiry with Jean Piaget's analysis of the mechanisms implied in the increase of knowledge. The sources for this paper are Dewey's studies on logic and the theory of inquiry and Piaget's historical-critical and psychogenetic investigations. Three major conclusions result from the comparison: first, there are significant convergences between the two theories; second, Piaget's developmental analysis makes explicit what is programmatic in Dewey's investigations; and, finally, Piaget is incorrect in characterizing Dewey's pragmatism as a method that does not meet the criteria of intelligent activity. PMID:328823

11. Payload specialist Jean-Jacques Favier, representing the French Space Agency (CNES), and astronaut

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

1996-01-01

STS-78 ONBOARD VIEW --- Payload specialist Jean-Jacques Favier, representing the French Space Agency (CNES), and astronaut Kevin R. Kregel, pilot, perform a successful Inflight Maintenance (IFM) on the Bubble Drop Particle Unit (BDPU). The IFM technique was performed initially on the ground at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) by alternate payload specialist Pedro Duque of the European Space Agency (ESA), with the procedure being recorded on video and uplinked to the crew of the Space Shuttle Columbia to aid in the repair.

12. Dominique-Jean Larrey: the effects of therapeutic hypothermia and the first ambulance.

PubMed

Remba, Salomon Jasqui; Varon, Joseph; Rivera, Alma; Sternbach, George L

2010-03-01

The fields of emergency medicine and resuscitation are indebted to the Baron Dominique-Jean Larrey (1766-1842) for significant advances in patient care. Larrey was a great surgeon who served in the French army during Napoleon's rule. He developed one of the first ambulance services, utilized positive pressure ventilation, and introduced hypothermia as a form of therapy. He dedicated his professional life to improving the care of wounded soldiers on the battlefield. Larrey coined the term "Triage" to allocate resources to those most in need of emergent care. Today, many of his techniques still prevail in modern medicine. PMID:20036046

13. A Comparison of Workers Employed in Hazardous Jobs in Terms of Job Satisfaction, Perceived Job Risk and Stress: Turkish Jean Sandblasting Workers, Dock Workers, Factory Workers and Miners

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sunal, Ayda Buyuksahin; Sunal, Onur; Yasin, Fatma

2011-01-01

The purpose of this study is to compare job satisfaction, perception of job risk, stress symptoms and vulnerability to stress of miners, dock workers, jean sandblasting workers and factory workers. A job satisfaction scale and stress audit scale were applied to 220 workers. Results revealed that dock and jean sandblasting workers perceived their…

14. Cosmological implications of a stellar initial mass function that varies with the Jeans mass in galaxies

Narayanan, Desika; Davé, Romeel

2012-07-01

Observations of star-forming galaxies at high z have suggested discrepancies in the inferred star formation rates (SFRs) either between data and models or between complementary measures of the SFR. These putative discrepancies could all be alleviated if the stellar initial mass function (IMF) is systematically weighted towards more high-mass star formation in rapidly star-forming galaxies. Here, we explore how the IMF might vary under the central assumption that the turnover mass in the IMF, ?, scales with the Jeans mass in giant molecular clouds (GMCs), ?. We employ hydrodynamic simulations of galaxies coupled with radiative transfer models to predict how the typical GMC Jeans mass, and hence the IMF, varies with galaxy properties. We then study the impact of such an IMF on the star formation law, the SFR-M* relation, sub-millimetre galaxies (SMGs) and the cosmic SFR density. Our main results are: the H2 mass-weighted Jeans mass in a galaxy scales well with the SFR when the SFR is greater than a few M⊙ yr-1. Stellar population synthesis modelling shows that this results in a non-linear relation between SFR and Lbol, such that SFR ?. Using this model relation, the inferred SFR of local ultraluminous infrared galaxies decreases by a factor of ˜2, and that of high-z SMGs decreases by a factor of ˜3-5. At z˜ 2, this results in a lowered normalization of the SFR-M* relation in better agreement with models, a reduced discrepancy between the observed cosmic SFR density and stellar mass density evolution, and SMG SFRs that are easier to accommodate in current hierarchical structure formation models. It further results in a Kennicutt-Schmidt star formation law with a slope of ˜1.6 when utilizing a physically motivated form for the CO-H2 conversion factor that varies with galaxy physical property. While each of the discrepancies considered here could be alleviated without appealing to a varying IMF, the modest variation implied by assuming ? is a plausible solution

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dame, Frederick William

This book explores Jean-Jacques Rousseau's educational philosophy, as expressed in his key works, and applies that philosophy to adult education and revolution. The titles and topics of the book's seven chapters are as follows: (1) "L'Invitation: Raison d'Etre" (prelude, statement, significance, the process, assumptions and limitations); (2) "Le…

16. Psychology and Schooling: The Impact of Susan Isaacs and Jean Piaget on 1960s Science Education Reform.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hall, Jody S.

2000-01-01

Focuses on the tensions between two psychological frameworks in the negotiation of teaching practices, curriculum, and ideas about what constitutes childhood: (1) the theories of Jean Piaget focused on behavior at different developmental stages; or (2) the Susan Isaacs research that took a general view of children's intellectual capabilities. (CMK)

17. Elementary Teachers' Application of Jean Piaget's Theories of Cognitive Development during Social Studies Curriculum Debates in Arizona

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hinde, Elizabeth R.; Perry, Nancy

2007-01-01

In this article we explore educators' use of Jean Piaget's theories concerning cognitive development to refute proposed social studies standards in Arizona. We describe the work of Piaget as well as the National Association for the Education of Young Children's developmentally appropriate practices as they apply to primary-grade children's…

18. Richard Avedon's "In the American West" and Jean-Paul Sartre: An Existential Approach to Art and Value.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dubiel, Richard M.

1989-01-01

Examines Richard Avedon's photographic exhibit "In the American West" both as a work of art and as an important link to contemporary philosophical thought, particularly that of Jean-Paul Sartre, through its depiction of the human condition. Notes that the exhibit used as a teaching resource engages students in questions concerning art and value.…

19. The Influence of Their Notions of Humanism on the Drama of Jean-Paul Sartre and Bertolt Brecht.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Zivanovic, Judith

The distinctive philosophies of Bertolt Brecht and Jean-Paul Sartre concerning man's existence directly influence their attitudes toward character, action, and the total drama. Both playwrights reveal that drama is an inseparable and reciprocal molding of content and form. The relationship between their ideas and their expressions of them is so…

20. Pioneering Research on Accretionary Processes - Jean Francheteau's Contributions to Understanding Mid-Ocean Ridges and Seafloor Volcanic Processes

Fornari, D. J.; Ballard, R. D.

2011-12-01

Jean Francheteau's 40-year career as a marine geophysicist spanned an exceptionally broad range of research interests and influenced generations of marine scientists, providing new concepts and insights on accretionary tectonics and seafloor volcanism. Using seafloor mapping techniques that at the time (in the early 1970s) were innovative in their own right, Jean and colleagues provided some of the first detailed perspectives of mid-ocean ridge axial topography that helped solidify acceptance of volcanic accretion at the ridges and specifically the highly focused volcanism occurring within the rift valley of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Building on that work, Jean collaborated with many investigators, including one of us (RDB), over several decades of exploratory work that elucidated the fine-scale volcanic and tectonic features of many segments of the global mid-ocean ridge from the Mid-Atlanic Ridge to the northern and southern East Pacific Rise. His work in marine tectonics was equally eclectic and included detailed studies of fracture zones, microplates and exposures of crustal and upper mantle rocks in Hess Deep. Jean excelled at using the latest technologies to investigate and map seafloor volcanic and hydrothermal terrains. His work helped establish routine academic use of multibeam sonar and deep submergence technologies - both towed camera and ultimately submersibles - to make in situ field observations and collect samples. In so doing, Jean and colleagues amassed a vast amount of data pertaining to submarine volcanic and hydrothermal processes and he was one of the first to help establish causal links between these processes and their distribution along and across spreading center axes separating at slow to ultra-fast rates. Jean's superb mentorship of young marine scientists, involving them in both field and laboratory studies was a hallmark of his gracious style and reflects one of the many ways in which he admirably served the international oceanographic

1. Payload specialist Jean-Jacques Favier, representing the French Space Agency (CNES), prepares a

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

1996-01-01

STS-78 ONBOARD VIEW --- Payload specialist Jean-Jacques Favier, representing the French Space Agency (CNES), prepares a sample for the Advanced Gradient Heating Facility (AGHF) while wearing instruments that measure upper body movement. The Torso Rotation Experiment (TRE) complements other vestibular studies that measure differences in the way human beings react physically to their surroundings in microgravity. This is a typical Life and Microgravity Spacelab (LMS-1) mission scene, with several experiments being performed. Astronaut Susan J. Helms, payload commander, assists Favier in the AGHF preparations. Astronaut Richard M. Linnehan (bottom right), mission specialist, tests his muscle response with the Handgrip Dynamometer. Astronaut Thomas T. (Tom) Henricks (far background), mission commander, offers assistance.

2. Rayleigh-Jeans Condensation of Pumped Magnons in Thin-Film Ferromagnets

Rückriegel, Andreas; Kopietz, Peter

2015-10-01

We show that the formation of a magnon condensate in thin ferromagnetic films can be explained within the framework of a classical stochastic non-Markovian Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation where the properties of the random magnetic field and the dissipation are determined by the underlying phonon dynamics. We have numerically solved this equation for a tangentially magnetized yttrium-iron garnet film in the presence of a parallel parametric pumping field. We obtain a complete description of all stages of the nonequilibrium time evolution of the magnon gas which is in excellent agreement with experiments. Our calculation proves that the experimentally observed condensation of magnons in yttrium-iron garnet at room temperature is a purely classical phenomenon which should be called Rayleigh-Jeans rather than Bose-Einstein condensation.

3. [Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893): a physician with multiple facets].

PubMed

Lellouch, Alain

2013-12-01

This work is registered in the year (2013) commemorating the 120 years since Jean-Martin Charcot's (1825-1893) death. Presently, the event takes place during 2013, in France, in Paris, at Hôpital de la Salpêtrière where Charcot practiced as medical chief of l'Hospice de la Vieillesse-Femmes, from 1862 until he died in 1893. The aim of the research is to show, from various examples and sources (printed and handwritten: fonds d'archives Charcot de la Salpêtrière) how talented Charcot was as a clinician, pathologist and microscopist, researcher and experimenter, teacher, artist, designer, cartoonist, polyglot and traveller), how varied his medical career was and how innovative his scientific method was. All this permitted Charcot to make an impressive number of medical discoveries in various fields which are today known as geriatrics and rheumatology, internal medicine, cardiology, neurology, psychiatry and paranormal processes. PMID:26035927

4. STS-103 Mission Specialist Jean-Frangois Clervoy of France at Pad 39B

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

1999-01-01

STS-103 Mission Specialist Jean-Frangois Clervoy of France poses for a photograph at Launch Pad 39B during a meeting of STS-103 astronauts with family and friends. Clervoy is with the European Space Agency. The lights in the background are on the Fixed Service Structure next to Space Shuttle Discovery. The STS-103 mission, to service the Hubble Space Telescope, is scheduled for launch Dec. 17 at 8:47 p.m. EST from Launch Pad 39B. Mission objectives include replacing gyroscopes and an old computer, installing another solid state recorder, and replacing damaged insulation in the telescope. The mission is expected to last about 8 days and 21 hours. Discovery is expected to land at KSC Sunday, Dec. 26, at about 6:25 p.m. EST.

5. Nutrient status of the lowbush blueberry, Lac-Saint-Jean area, Quebec, Canada. [Vaccinium angustifolium

SciTech Connect

Bouchard, A.R.; Gagnon, M.J.

1987-01-01

The lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium Ait.) is an important commercial crop of the Lac-Saint-Jean area (Quebec, Canada). The major blueberry fields are located on sandy soils relatively poor in available mineral nutrients. The nutrients originate from a thin organic layer found on the top of these sandy soils. The leaf mineral contents (N, P, K, Mg, Ca, Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn and B) were measured in five blueberry fields during 1984 and 1985. Soil pH and soil available P, K, and Mg were also assessed. The results show that the leaf mineral contents are generally adequate. However, K and Zn might be occasionally deficient when compared to the actual established standards. The available Mg in soil was significantly correlated with the leaf Mg concentration. The data also suggest that the influence of the pH following the burn pruning seems to influence the nutrition of this species.

6. Jean-Charles Houzeau and the 1882 Belgian Transit of Venus Expeditions

Sterken, Christiaan

2013-05-01

In 1871, the Belgian astronomer Jean-Charles Houzeau developed a new approach to determine the solar parallax. His "heliometer with unequal focal lengths" produces a large and a small solar image, as well as a large and a small image of Venus. Making the small solar and the large Venus image coincide yields a measure of the angular distance of the centers of both objects. Two such instruments were built for two Belgian expeditions to observe the Venus transit of December 6, 1882: one to San Antonio, Texas, and another one to Santiago de Chile. These were the first major expeditions in the history of Belgian science. This paper documents the expeditions, and clarifies the principal instrument and its present-day whereabouts.

7. Modification of the Jeans and Toomre instability criteria for astrophysical fractal objects within nonextensive statistics

Kolesnichenko, A. V.; Marov, M. Ya.

2016-07-01

Within the formalism of Tsallis nonextensive statistics designed to describe the behavior of anomalous systems, systems with a strong gravitational interaction between their individual parts and the fractal nature of phase space, we have obtained linearized equations for the oscillations of a rigidly rotating disk by taking into account dissipative effects and give a derivation of the dispersion equation in the WKB approximation. Based on the previously derived modified Navier—Stokes hydrodynamic equations (the so-called equations of q-hydrodynamics), we have analyzed the axisymmetric oscillations of an astrophysical, differentially rotating gas—dust cosmic object and obtained modified Jeans and Toomre gravitational instability criteria for disks with a fractal phase-space structure.

8. The Hawthorne experiments and the introduction of Jean Piaget in American industrial psychology, 1929-1932.

PubMed

Hsueh, Yeh

2002-05-01

The Hawthorne interview program between 1929 and 1932 was one of the most significant industrial studies in the United States. The Hawthorne researchers applied Jean Piaget's clinical method in their extensive interviews with tens of thousands of workers. Chiefly responsible for the program's methodology was Elton Mayo, an Australian who saw interviewing as a means to promote social cooperation. Previous discussions of the Hawthorne experiments have ignored the influence of Piaget in the social sciences. This article provides an account of Mayo's and the Hawthorne researchers' efforts to fuse Piaget's innovation with burgeoning American industrial psychology. The endeavor was not an isolated event but rather drew on the theories and practice of Janet-Piaget psychology, on the support of the Laura Spelman Rockefeller Memorial Foundation, and on the discourse among social scientists about Piaget's work. PMID:12096759

9. Rayleigh-Jeans Condensation of Pumped Magnons in Thin-Film Ferromagnets.

PubMed

Rückriegel, Andreas; Kopietz, Peter

2015-10-01

We show that the formation of a magnon condensate in thin ferromagnetic films can be explained within the framework of a classical stochastic non-Markovian Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation where the properties of the random magnetic field and the dissipation are determined by the underlying phonon dynamics. We have numerically solved this equation for a tangentially magnetized yttrium-iron garnet film in the presence of a parallel parametric pumping field. We obtain a complete description of all stages of the nonequilibrium time evolution of the magnon gas which is in excellent agreement with experiments. Our calculation proves that the experimentally observed condensation of magnons in yttrium-iron garnet at room temperature is a purely classical phenomenon which should be called Rayleigh-Jeans rather than Bose-Einstein condensation. PMID:26550749

10. [Jean-Jacques Rosseau the vitalist. The moralization of medical hygiene between diet and ethical food].

PubMed

Menin, Marco

2012-01-01

The historiographical prejudice that sees in Jean-Jacques Rousseau an implacable opponent of scientific knowledge has long prevented an objective evaluation of the important influence that medical thought exerted over his philosophy. The aim of this paper is to show not only Rousseau's familiarity with the most important expressions of eighteenth-century medical literature, but also his willingness to incorporate some medical suggestions in his philosophical and literary production. In the first part of this article, I try to show how Rousseau's sensibility theory presupposes precise medical ideals, related to Montpellier School of vitalism. In the second part, I stress how Rousseau's philosophy of alimentation (which has clear anthropological and political implications) can be regarded as a genuine application of an ambition typical of vitalism: to use medical hygiene, also and above all, for moral purpose. PMID:23035396

11. A NEW METHOD TO DIRECTLY MEASURE THE JEANS SCALE OF THE INTERGALACTIC MEDIUM USING CLOSE QUASAR PAIRS

SciTech Connect

Rorai, Alberto; Hennawi, Joseph F.; White, Martin

2013-10-01

Although the baryons in the intergalactic medium (IGM) trace dark matter fluctuations on megaparsec scales, on smaller scales ∼100 kpc, fluctuations are suppressed because the finite temperature gas is pressure supported against gravity, analogous to the classical Jeans argument. This Jeans filtering scale, which quantifies the small-scale structure of the IGM, has fundamental cosmological implications. First, it provides a thermal record of heat injected by ultraviolet photons during cosmic reionization events, and thus constrains the thermal and reionization history of the universe. Second, the Jeans scale determines the clumpiness of the IGM, a critical ingredient in models of cosmic reionization. Third, it sets the minimum mass scale for gravitational collapse from the IGM, and hence plays a pivotal role in galaxy formation. Unfortunately, it is extremely challenging to measure the Jeans scale via the standard technique of analyzing purely longitudinal Lyα forest spectra, because the thermal Doppler broadening of absorption lines along the line-of-sight, is highly degenerate with Jeans smoothing. In this work, we show that the Jeans filtering scale can be directly measured by characterizing the coherence of correlated Lyα forest absorption in close quasar pairs, with separations small enough ∼100 kpc to resolve it. We present a novel technique for this purpose, based on the probability density function (PDF) of phase angle differences of homologous longitudinal Fourier modes in close quasar pair spectra. A Bayesian formalism is introduced based on the phase angle PDF, and Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques are used to characterize the precision of a hypothetical Jeans scale measurement, and explore degeneracies with other thermal parameters governing the IGM. A semi-analytical model of the Lyα forest is used to generate a large grid (500) of thermal models from a dark matter only simulation. Our full parameter study indicates that a realistic sample of

12. [Forgotten great men of medicine--Baron Dominique Jean Larrey (1766-1842)].

PubMed

2011-01-01

BIOGRAPHY: Baron Dominique Jean Larrev was a French army surgeon who rose to become a surgeon-in-chief of Napoleon's Grande Armée. Many advances in the field of surgery have been attributed to him: he was one of the first to amputate at the hip-joint (1812); he pioneered the use of maggots to prevent infection in wounds; he gave the first description of a trench foot, and originated the first aid to combatants by getting stretcher-bearers to take wounded men immediately from the battlefield. EDUCATION AND CAREER: Larrey studied medicine in Paris and spent a short time in the navy before resuming his studies at the Parisian College de Chirurgie. He joined the army in 1792 and spent the rest of his active life there, taking part in 60 battles and 400 other engagements, having been wounded three times. During this time, he initiated the modern method of army surgery, field hospitals and the system of army ambulance corps. After seeing the speed with which the carriages of the French flying artillery manoeuvred across the battlefields. Larrey adapted them as Flying Ambulances for rapid transport of the wounded and staffed them with trained crews of drivers, corpsmen and litter-bearers. Larrey also increased the mobility and improved the organization of field hospitals, effectively creating a forerunner of the modern MASH (Mobile Army Surgical Hospital) units. He was made a baron in 1809. He remained loyal to Napoleon even after his abdication in 1814, and followed him on his final campaign (the hundred days). At Waterloo, he was captured and sentenced to death; however, he was saved by the personal intervention of the Prussian commander Blücher. Many historians put him in the line with chemist Antoine Lavoisier and doctors Joseph Guillotin and Jean Paul Marat. PMID:21548278

13. Jeans Analysis of the Galactic Thick Disk and the Local Dark Matter Density

Sánchez-Salcedo, F. J.; Flynn, Chris; de Diego, J. A.

2016-01-01

Dynamical estimates of the mass surface density at the solar radius can be made up to a height of 4 kpc using thick disk stars as tracers of the potential. We investigate why different Jeans estimators of the local surface density lead to puzzling and conflicting results. Using the Jeans equations, we compute the vertical (Fz) and radial (FR) components of the gravitational force, as well as Γ(z), which is defined as {{Γ }}\\equiv \\partial {V}{{c}}2/\\partial R, with {V}{{c}}2\\equiv -R{F}R. If we assume that the thick disk does not flare and that all the components of the velocity dispersion tensor of the thick disk have a uniform radial scalelength of 3.5 kpc, Γ takes implausibly large negative values when using the currently available kinematical data of the thick disk. This implies that the input parameters or the model assumptions must be revised. We have explored, using a simulated thick disk, the impact of the assumption that the scalelengths of the density and velocity dispersions do not depend on the vertical height z above the midplane. In the absence of any information about how these scale radii depend on z, we define a different strategy. By using a parameterized Galactic potential, we find that acceptable fits to Fz, FR, and Γ are obtained for a flaring thick disk and a spherical dark matter (DM) halo with a local density ≳0.0064 M⊙ pc-3. Disk-like DM distributions may be also compatible with the current data of the thick disk. A precise measurement of Γ at the midplane could be very useful for discriminating between models.

14. HUMAN RIGHTS ASSESSMENT IN PARC JEAN MARIE VINCENT, PORT-AU-PRINCE, HAITI

PubMed Central

Cullen, Kimberly A.; Ivers, Louise C.

2014-01-01

Months after a 7.0 magnitude earthquake hit Port-au-Prince, Haiti, over one million remain homeless and living in spontaneous internally displaced person (IDP) camps. Billions of dollars from aid organizations and government agencies have been pledged toward the relief effort, yet many basic human needs, including food, shelter, and sanitation, continue to be unmet. The Sphere Project, “Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response,” identifies the minimum standards to be attained in disaster response. From a human rights perspective and utilizing key indicators from the Sphere Project as benchmarks, this article reports on an assessment of the living conditions approximately 12 weeks after the earthquake in Parc Jean Marie Vincent, a spontaneous IDP camp in Port-au-Prince. A stratified random sample of households in the camp, proportionate to the number of families living in each sector, was selected. Interview questions were designed to serve as “key indicators” for the Sphere Project minimum standards. A total of 486 interviews were completed, representing approximately 5% of households in each of the five sectors of the camp. Our assessment identified the relative achievements and shortcomings in the provision of relief services in Parc Jean Marie Vincent. At the time of this survey, the Sphere Project minimum standards for access to health care and quantity of water per person per day were being met. Food, shelter, sanitation, and security were below minimum accepted standard and of major concern. The formal assessment reported here was completed by September 2010, and is necessarily limited to conditions in Haiti before the cholera outbreak in October. PMID:21178190

15. Birth of modern psychiatry and the death of alienism: the legacy of Jean-Martin Charcot.

PubMed

Bogousslavsky, Julien; Moulin, Thierry

2011-01-01

At the time of Jean-Martin Charcot, Paris--the main center for studies on the nervous system and its disorders--was home to critical exchanges between the developing discipline of neurology and psychiatry. Contrary to the commonly held view, and in spite of an established tradition concerning mental diseases, emerging neurology had a much stronger influence on psychiatry ('alienism') than the reverse. This was largely due to the school built up by Jean-Martin Charcot himself, which was organized around the study and management of hysteria. Although Charcot always claimed to be uninterested in mental medicine, he stimulated the development of an original scientific approach to nervous system conditions, based on Claude Bernard's method, along with structured academic teaching. Conversely, alienism paradoxically remained stuck in organicism, after Antoine Bayle's report in 1822 of 'arachnitis' as the substratum of general paresis of the insane. Contrary to alienism, the young neurological school was capable of self-criticism, and progressively highlighted mental factors in hysteria. This led to the paradox that neurologists were active in a disease with no organic cerebral lesion, while alienists were postulating brain lesions in all mental disorders. Pushed by Charcot, the academic evolution led to the launch of a faculty chair of mental and brain diseases in 1875, which was taken over for nearly half a century by his direct pupils Benjamin Ball, Alix Joffroy and Gilbert Ballet, who held the position until 1916, supporting the development of modern psychiatry in general hospitals, while alienism progressively disappeared at the turn of the century. PMID:20938143

16. [Jean-Baptiste Vincent Laborde (1830-1903), forgotten neurologist and neurophysiologist].

PubMed

Poirier, Jacques

2015-03-01

Jean-Baptiste Vincent Laborde (1830-1903), native of Buzet, in Gascony, undertook his medical studies in Paris and was nominated "externe" (1854) then "interne" (1858) of Paris hospitals. His main "patrons" were Alfred Velpeau (1795-1867), Auguste Nélaton (1807-1873), Jean-Baptiste Bouillaud (1796-1881), Pierre-Olive Rayer (1793-1867), Joseph-François Malgaigne (1806-1865), Pierre Carl Edouard Potain (1825-1901), Ernest Charles Lasègue (1816-1883) and Léon Rostan (1790-1866). In 1864 he defended his thesis on the essential paralysis of childhood. He then worked in the physiology laboratory of Professor Jules Auguste Beclard (1818-1887), and became "chef des travaux" of physiology at the Paris faculty of medicine. In 1890, he was nominated to the chair of Biological anthropology at the Paris school of anthropology. His main works focused on the rhythmic tractions of the tongue in cases of apparent death, the understanding of the etiology of brain softening he attributed to vascular occlusions by atheroma and the discovery of connections between the cranial nuclei of common (III) and external (VI) oculomotor nerves and the struggle against the use of ceruse, against tuberculosis and especially against alcoholism. In addition, he made a career in journalism: since 1874 he had been the founder, director and editor-in-chief of the weekly newspaper The Medical Tribune, whose aim was to "combine to a fair extent, science and progress with the practice of medicine." Finally, Laborde was a convinced Republican, a friend of Léon Gambetta's (1838-1882). For him, democracy was the "ideal of civilized nations" and he showed deep hatred for the "Commune of Paris". Finally, he was a determined free thinker, who ran the Society for mutual autopsy for a while and who was attached to civil funerals and cremation. PMID:25786426

17. First seismic survey of Lake Saint-Jean (Québec, Canada): sedimentary record of the last deglaciation

Nutz, Alexis; Schuster, Mathieu; Ghienne, Jean-François; Raphaël, Certain; Nicolas, Robin; Claude, Roquin; Frédéric, Bouchette; Cousineau Pierre, A.

2015-04-01

The general post-glacial evolution of the Lake Saint-Jean region (Canada/Québec) was, until now, only known from onshore studies (outcrops and geomorphology). Because this lake corresponds to sediment depocentre since the area is ice free (latest Pleistocene and the entire Holocene), a comprehensive sedimentary archive could be expected from this area. As a consequence, the offshore archives of Lake Saint-Jean leave a basic, but crucial, question: can the transition from glacial to post-glacial periods be deciphered? The stratigraphy of the last deglacial sequence is investigated in Lake Saint-Jean (Québec, Canada) from 300 km of echo-sounder 2D seismic profiles. The sedimentary archive of this basin is documented from the Late Pleistocene Laurentidian ice-front recession to the present-day situation. Ten seismic units have been identified that reflect spatio-temporal variations in depositional processes characterizing different periods of the Lake Saint-Jean basin evolution. During the postglacial marine flooding, a high deposition rate of mud settling, from proglacial glacimarine and then prodeltaic plumes in the Laflamme Gulf, produced an extensive, up to 50 m thick mud sheet draping the isostatically depressed marine basin floor. Subsequently, closing of the water body due to glacio-isostatic rebound that occurred at 8.5 cal. ka BP and ice-sheet retreat outside the Saint-Jean catchment at 7.5 cal. ka BP drastically modify the hydrodynamics and sedimentation. Hyperpycnal flows appeared because fresh lake water replaced dense marine water. River sediments were transferred towards the deeper part of the lake into river-related confined lobes. The water body is also marked by the onset of a wind-driven internal circulation associating wave-related hydrodynamics and bottom currents with sedimentary features including shoreface deposits, sediment drifts, a sedimentary shelf and important erosional surfaces. The Lake Saint-Jean reveals important diversity and

18. Gravity or turbulence? - III. Evidence of pure thermal Jeans fragmentation at ˜0.1 pc scale

Palau, Aina; Ballesteros-Paredes, Javier; Vázquez-Semadeni, Enrique; Sánchez-Monge, Álvaro; Estalella, Robert; Fall, S. Michael; Zapata, Luis A.; Camacho, Vianey; Gómez, Laura; Naranjo-Romero, Raúl; Busquet, Gemma; Fontani, Francesco

2015-11-01

We combine previously published interferometric and single-dish data of relatively nearby massive dense cores that are actively forming stars to test whether their fragmentation level' is controlled by turbulent or thermal support. We find no clear correlation between the fragmentation level and velocity dispersion, nor between the observed number of fragments and the number of fragments expected when the gravitationally unstable mass is calculated including various prescriptions for turbulent support'. On the other hand, the best correlation is found for the case of pure thermal Jeans fragmentation, for which we infer a core formation efficiency around 13 per cent, consistent with previous works. We conclude that the dominant factor determining the fragmentation level of star-forming massive dense cores at 0.1 pc scale seems to be thermal Jeans fragmentation.

19. "I would eagerly leave Neuchâtel ..." A 1912 letter by Jean Piaget with an introduction and notes.

PubMed

Vidal, F

1986-01-01

A 1912 letter from fifteen-year-old Jean Piaget (1896-1980) to the director of the Museum of Natural History of Geneva illustrates Piaget's precocious integration into a community of professional naturalists, and reveals his hitherto unknown plan to study medicine. It is not certain whether he actually intended to realize that plan. An essential biographical fact, however, is that he finally left natural history by turning to philosophy rather than to medicine. PMID:11608771

20. Two schemes of intellectual development: A comparison of development as defined by william perry and jean piaget

Perry, Bruce; Donovan, Michael P.; Kelsey, Linda J.; Paterson, John; Statkiewicz, Walter; Allen, Robert D.

The theories of Jean Piaget and William Perry provide two different theories of intellectual development with several similiarities, but also with critical differences. In this study a comparison was made to determine whether the two theories describe operation of the same mental structures or two fundamentally different aspects of intellectual development. The results, based upon individual interviews of all participants, indicate that the two theories outline different and independent processes for assessing intellectual development.

1. Jeans instability of partially-ionized self-gravitating viscous plasma with Hall effect FLR corrections and porosity

Kaothekar, Sachin; Soni, Ghanshyam D.; Prajapati, R. P.; Chhajlani, Rajendra K.

2016-06-01

The problem of Jeans gravitational instability and radiative instability is investigated for partially ionized self-gravitating plasma which has connection in astrophysical condensations and formation of objects. A general dispersion relation has been derived with the help of relevant linearized perturbation equations, using the normal mode analysis method. Effects of FLR corrections, radiative heat-loss function and collisions with neutrals on the Jeans criterion of self-gravitational instability of the system are discussed. The conditions of instability are derived for a temperature-dependent and density-dependent heat-loss function with thermal conductivity and FLR corrections for some special case. The stability of the system is discussed by using Routh-Hurwitz's criterion. Numerical calculations have been performed to discuss the dependence of the growth rate of the Jeans gravitational instability on the various physical parameters. The FLR corrections, viscosity, porosity, magnetic field, and neutral collision have stabilizing influence while finite electrical resistivity and permeability have a destabilizing influence on the growth rate of the gravitational instability. Our results are helpful for understanding the formation of dense molecular clouds.

2. Jean-Anthelme Brillat-Savarin's 1825 treatise on the mouth and ingestion.

PubMed

Chong, Gabriel Tse Feng

2012-12-01

This article quotes and discusses Jean-Anthelme Brillat-Savarin's musings on the mouth and ingestion as described in his book The Physiology of Taste. The book was first published in France in December 1825, and is still widely read as a key work in Gastronomy today. The mouth is intimately related to the acts of chewing, swallowing and eating and it would be interesting to report an early 19th century epicurean's views on the mouth. Passages from Brillat-Savarin's book describing the functions of the teeth and tongue and the acts of tasting, chewing, and swallowing are quoted in full. Anecdotes also include one on the horrifying punishment of having one's tongue removed and another illustrating the poor oral health found among Europeans of that era. His work offers a unique glimpse into how a 19th century gastronome viewed the oral cavity and its gastronomical functions. While some of his writings may appear archaic and antediluvian to the modern reader; others relating to, for example chewing and swallowing, are surprisingly accurate by contemporary standards. Nonetheless, the gastronomic savant seemed to know a lot right about modern stomatology! PMID:23739320

3. Ivan Djaja (Jean Giaja)1 and the Belgrade School of Physiology

PubMed Central

Andjus, Pavle R.; Stojilkovic, Stanko S.; Cvijic, Gordana

2016-01-01

Summary The founder of physiology studies in the Balkans and the pioneer of research on hypothermia, Ivan Djaja (Jean Giaja) was born 1884 in L’Havre. Giaja gained his PhD at the Sorbonne in 1909. In 1910 he established the first Chair of Physiology in the Balkans and organized the first Serbian Institute for Physiology at the School of Philosophy of the University of Belgrade. He led this Institute for more than 40 subsequent years. His most notable papers were in the field of thermoregulation and bioenergetics. Djaja became member of the Serbian and Croatian academies of science and doctor honoris causa of Sorbonne. In 1952 for the seminal work on the behaviour of deep cooled warm blooded animals he becane associate member of the National Medical Academy in Paris. In 1955 the French Academy of Sciences elected him as associate member in place of deceased Sir Alexander Fleming. Djaja died in 1957 during a congress held in his honour. He left more than 200 scientific and other papers and the golden DaVincian credo “Nulla dies sine experimento”. His legacy was continued by several generations of researchers, the most prominent among them being Stefan Gelineo, Radoslav Andjus and Vojislav Petrović. PMID:21777022

4. CLUMPY: Jeans analysis, γ-ray and ν fluxes from dark matter (sub-)structures

Bonnivard, Vincent; Hütten, Moritz; Nezri, Emmanuel; Charbonnier, Aldée; Combet, Céline; Maurin, David

2016-03-01

We present an update of the CLUMPY code for the calculation of the astrophysical J-factors (from dark matter annihilation/decay) for any Galactic or extragalactic dark matter halo including substructures: halo-to-halo concentration scatter may now be enabled, boost factors can include several levels of substructures, and triaxiality is a new option for dark matter haloes. This new version takes advantage of the cfitsio and HEALPix libraries to propose fits output maps using the HEALPix pixelisation scheme. Skymaps for γ-ray and ν signals from generic annihilation/decay spectra are now direct outputs of CLUMPY. Making use of HEALPix routines, smoothing by a user-defined instrumental Gaussian beam and computing the angular power spectrum of the maps are now possible. In addition to these improvements, the main novelty is the implementation of a Jeans analysis module, to obtain dark matter density profiles from kinematic data in relaxed spherical systems (e.g., dwarf spheroidal galaxies). The code is also interfaced with the GreAT toolkit designed for Markov Chain Monte Carlo analyses, from which probability density functions and credible intervals can be obtained for velocity dispersions, dark matter profiles, and J-factors.

5. Health monitoring of the Saint-Jean bridge of Bordeaux, France using fiber Bragg grating extensometers

Magne, Sylvain; Boussoir, Jonathan; Rougeault, Stephane; Marty-Dewynter, Veronique; Ferdinand, Pierre; Bureau, Lionel

2003-07-01

Most civil engineering structures have been built in the 50's and 60's and reach similar level of degradation accelerated by loading conditions and corrosion. In Europe, National Authorities and the European Commission promote Health Monitoring concepts, instrumentation of existing structures and help in the design of new durable structures of higher performance. In this context, the CEA-List has achieved a non-exclusive industrial transfer of its Bragg grating sensing technology for civil engineering applications to Hydrolog (French SME), supported by the European Community and the french ministry of Industry. In order to check the reliability and user-friendliness of this instrumentation, eleven spectrally-multiplexed Bragg grating-based extensometers, four FBG temperature sensors and an acquisition unit have been installed into the Saint-Jean bridge in Bordeaux, France with the help of the Infrastructure Regional Direction (DRE-Aquitaine) and the Bordeaux Authority (Communaute Urbaine de Bordeaux). A standardized loading of the bridge has been performed on October 29, 1001, with the purpose of correlating its mechanical reaction to loading conditions. Moreover, the equipment has been operating for one year to take into account the winter-summer cycle.

6. Jean-Baptiste Labat and the buccaneer barbecue in seventeenth-century Martinique.

PubMed

Toczyski, Suzanne

2010-01-01

If, as the sociologist Pierre L. van den Berghe has suggested, cuisine is a significant expression of man's sociability, one might say that the seventeenth-century missionary Jean-Baptiste Labat was the single most social animal in the Caribbean islands in the 1690s. Although his primary responsibility on the island of Martinique was to serve the island's multiethnic population as a spiritual leader, le père Labat's memoirs chronicle the diverse culinary experiences of the missionary as he literally eats his way around the island, learning to prepare such delicacies as cocoa confit, roasted manatee, lizard en brochette, and parakeet en daube. Positing his unbridled interest in the culinary arts as a mark of his “obedience” to the duties assigned him as missionary, Labat's taxonomy of island delicacies and exotic tastes no doubt titillated the curiosity of his mainland readers while nevertheless grounding itself strongly in the values of order, authenticity, and industry so essential to Labat's apostolic mission. This article focuses on two “buccaneer barbecues” as examples of gastronomical experiences through which Labat was able to construct and negotiate new social, cultural, and symbolic meanings, exploring identity politics through the frame of the culinary arts in seventeenth-century Martinique. PMID:21539051

7. Jean-Charles Houzeau's Visual Magnitude Estimates from Jamaica in 1868

Sterken, Christiaan

2012-09-01

Jean-Charles Houzeau de Lehaie (1820-1888) was a Belgian astronomer who, as an observer, covered astronomy, geography, cartography, geodesy and natural sciences. He is known for designing the heliometer with unequal focal lengths" for the 1882 transit of Venus, for which he organised two expeditions: one to San Antonio (Texas), and one to Santiago (Chile). Less known, but historically important from the point of view of his consistent approach to observational science, was his Uranométrie générale", in which he systematically recorded visual magnitudes of 5719 northern and southern stars up to mag 6.4. He carried out the visual estimates from Jamaica in less than 400 nights in 1875--76. This presentation discusses the observational approach of his project, and weighs the merit of a dataset that was produced in one throw, by one single person from one single observing site of excellent atmospheric quality, without any recourse to data produced by other observers. A proving example of the virtue of Houzeau's Uranométrie is that it has been used in the construction of the charts of the first edition of Norton's Star Atlas".

8. "To afford the wounded speedy assistance": Dominique Jean Larrey and Napoleon.

PubMed

Skandalakis, Panagiotis N; Lainas, Panagiotis; Zoras, Odyseas; Skandalakis, John E; Mirilas, Petros

2006-08-01

Dominique Jean Larrey (1766-1842) has been described as the father of modern military surgery and is considered even today as the model military surgeon. He developed a plan of rapid evacuation of wounded soldiers from the battlefield during combat, using flexible medical units which he named ambulances volantes ("flying ambulances"). He won the admiration of Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821), who was amazed by the results of Larrey's sanitary system. Larrey spent almost 18 years with Napoleon, accompanying him in 25 campaigns, 60 battles, and more than 400 engagements. Napoleon's enormous military success was due not only to his strategy and skill but also to the medical services provided by Larrey. The surgeon became a master of wound management and limb amputation. In his vivid battlefield journals, Larrey documented the course of tetanus, the pathophysiology of cold injury, the effective control of hemorrhage, the drainage of empyema and hemothorax, the aspiration of pericardial effusion or hemopericardium, and the packing of sucking chest wounds. Larrey established a categorical rule for the triage of war casualties, treating the wounded according to the observed gravity of their injuries and the urgency for medical care, regardless of their rank or nationality. PMID:16850154

9. Weighing the galactic disc using the Jeans equation: lessons from simulations

Candlish, G. N.; Smith, R.; Moni Bidin, C.; Gibson, B. K.

2016-03-01

Using three-dimensional stellar kinematic data from simulated galaxies, we examine the efficacy of a Jeans equation analysis in reconstructing the total disk surface density, including the dark matter, at the Solar' radius. Our simulation data set includes galaxies formed in a cosmological context using state-of-the-art high-resolution cosmological zoom simulations, and other idealized models. The cosmologically formed galaxies have been demonstrated to lie on many of the observed scaling relations for late-type spirals, and thus offer an interesting surrogate for real galaxies with the obvious advantage that all the kinematical data are known perfectly. We show that the vertical velocity dispersion is typically the dominant kinematic quantity in the analysis, and that the traditional method of using only the vertical force is reasonably effective at low heights above the disk plane. At higher heights the inclusion of the radial force becomes increasingly important. We also show that the method is sensitive to uncertainties in the measured disk parameters, particularly the scalelengths of the assumed double exponential density distribution, and the scalelength of the radial velocity dispersion. In addition, we show that disk structure and low number statistics can lead to significant errors in the calculated surface densities. Finally, we examine the implications of our results for previous studies of this sort, suggesting that more accurate measurements of the scalelengths may help reconcile conflicting estimates of the local dark matter density in the literature.

10. Reflecting on the ongoing aftermath of heart transplantation: Jean-Luc Nancy's L'intrus.

PubMed

Wynn, Francine

2009-03-01

This paper explores Jean-Luc Nancy's philosophical reflection on surviving his own heart transplant. In 'The Intruder', he raises central questions concerning the relations between what he refers to as a 'proper' life, that is, a life that is thought to be one's own singular 'lived experience', and medical techniques, shaped at this particular historical juncture by cyclosporine or immuno-suppression. He describes the temporal nature of an ever-increasing sense of strangeness and fragmentation which accompanies his heart transplant. In doing so, Nancy opens up the concealed of transplantation in terms of the problematic 'gift' of a 'foreign' organ, the unremitting suffering intrusiveness of the treatment regimen, and the living of life as 'bare life'. He uncovers and exposes the relentless uncanniness that pervades the post-transplant experience, which for him is an example of our humanistic, never-ending impulse, to alter ourselves. Nevertheless, Nancy offers no answer to this dilemma, but instead calls us to think about the meaning or 'sense' of the prolonging of life and deferring of death, which currently drives our medical interventions. PMID:19228299

11. [A XVIth century journeyman apothecar in Montpellier: Jean Magnol (1562-1632)].

PubMed

Charlot, Colette

2006-11-01

J. Magnol came from Ardèche to Montpellier to learn how to be apothecary grocer. He is characteristics of the transition between the Middle-Ages statutes and Renaissance ones (1572/1598) in a city famous for its school of medicine. For thirteen (13) years he worked as a journeyman apothecary was like a drysalter grocer. But the 1572 statutes due to king Henry IV (the fourth), having force of law, changed the trade into an art, as highly regarded as the legal profession. Long before the 1777 nationwide statutes due to king Louis XIV (the fourteenth). To become a master, Magnol had to give four masterpieces, the formulas of which can be found in the new pharmacopoeia written by the medicine chancellor: "the pharmacopoea Monspeliensis" an alternative to the ancient one by Nicolas de Salerne. The pratical experiments were carried out by those famous apothecary masters who made up the 1572 statutes. Jean Magnol is Pierre Magnol's ancestor (1638-1715), the famous botanist whom Carl Linné dedicated the magnolia genus to. PMID:17526144

12. Jean-Martin Charcot's role in the 19th century study of music aphasia.

PubMed

Johnson, Julene K; Lorch, Marjorie; Nicolas, Serge; Graziano, Amy

2013-05-01

Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-93) was a well-known French neurologist. Although he is widely recognized for his discovery of several neurological disorders and his research into aphasia, Charcot's ideas about how the brain processes music are less well known. Charcot discussed the music abilities of several patients in the context of his 'Friday Lessons' on aphasia, which took place at the Salpêtrière Hospital in Paris in 1883-84. In his most comprehensive discussion about music, Charcot described a professional trombone player who developed difficulty copying music notation and playing his instrument, thereby identifying a new isolated syndrome of music agraphia without aphasia. Because the description of this case was published only in Italian by one of his students, Domenico Miliotti, there has been considerable confusion and under-acknowledgement of Charcot's ideas about music and the brain. In this paper, we describe Charcot's ideas regarding music and place them within the historical context of the growing interest in the neurological underpinnings of music abilities that took place in the 1880s. PMID:23576129

13. Jean-Martin Charcot's house officers at La Salpêtrière Hospital.

PubMed

Walusinski, Olivier

2011-01-01

From the time he became chef de service at La Salpêtrière Hospital in 1866 until his death in 1893, Jean-Martin Charcot oversaw 32 house officers. Some of them became famous, such as D.M. Bourneville, E. Brissaud, P. Marie and G. Gilles de la Tourette. Others are less well known. The fact remains that Charcot knew how to surround himself with fine students and leverage their talents in order to make the neurological discoveries by which he would become famous throughout the world. Here, we present the biographies of H. Soulier (1862), J. Cotard (1865), R. Lépine (1867), A. Gombault (1872), A. Pierret (1874), A. Pitres (1876), P. Oulmont (1877), G. Guinon (1885), P. Blocq(1887), E. Huet (1888), E. Parmentier (1890) and A. Souques(1893). Each of these men with their unique paths and interests helped lay the foundations for the birth of neurology at the end of the 19th century in Paris. As Emile Littré said: 'La science de la Médecine, si elle ne veut pas être rabaissée au rang de métier, doit s'occuper de son histoire et soigner les vieux monuments que les temps passés lui ont légués', which could be translated as 'to avoid being reduced to a trade, the science of medicine must attend to its history and take care of the old monuments handed down by time'. PMID:20938144

14. Generalized Jeans' Escape of Pick-Up Ions in Quasi-Linear Relaxation

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Moore, T. E.; Khazanov, G. V.

2011-01-01

Jeans escape is a well-validated formulation of upper atmospheric escape that we have generalized to estimate plasma escape from ionospheres. It involves the computation of the parts of particle velocity space that are unbound by the gravitational potential at the exobase, followed by a calculation of the flux carried by such unbound particles as they escape from the potential well. To generalize this approach for ions, we superposed an electrostatic ambipolar potential and a centrifugal potential, for motions across and along a divergent magnetic field. We then considered how the presence of superthermal electrons, produced by precipitating auroral primary electrons, controls the ambipolar potential. We also showed that the centrifugal potential plays a small role in controlling the mass escape flux from the terrestrial ionosphere. We then applied the transverse ion velocity distribution produced when ions, picked up by supersonic (i.e., auroral) ionospheric convection, relax via quasi-linear diffusion, as estimated for cometary comas [1]. The results provide a theoretical basis for observed ion escape response to electromagnetic and kinetic energy sources. They also suggest that super-sonic but sub-Alfvenic flow, with ion pick-up, is a unique and important regime of ion-neutral coupling, in which plasma wave-particle interactions are driven by ion-neutral collisions at densities for which the collision frequency falls near or below the gyro-frequency. As another possible illustration of this process, the heliopause ribbon discovered by the IBEX mission involves interactions between the solar wind ions and the interstellar neutral gas, in a regime that may be analogous [2].

15. The significance of some observations on African ocular onchocerciasis described by Jean Hissette (1888-1965).

PubMed

Kluxen, G; Hoerauf, A

2008-01-01

One of the most significant contributions to tropical medicine and ophthalmology was made by Jean Hissette: African ocular onchocerciasis. During his extensive investigations in the Babindi country, he found numerous adults with river blindness. Their eye disease was caused by the filaria Onchocerca volvulus Leuckart. He noticed the signs of interstitial keratitis and band keratopathy, faint iritis or iridocyclitis, posterior synechiae and often a downward distortion of the pupil. He was the first to describe chorioretinal scarring of the fundus, what became known as the Hissette-Ridley fundus. People reported to him their entoptic phenomena which he unequivocally interpreted to be the images of microfilariae in the patient's own eye. During his stay in Belgium in 1932, he elucidated the pathogenesis of blindness since he was able to provide histological proof of the presence of microfilariae in various ocular tissues of an enucleated eye from a patient living near the Sankuru river. Like other serious health impairments, the severe inflammatory lesions in the eye occurred only after the microfilariae had died. Hence he realized that dying microfilariae play a key role in the mechanisms leading to blindness. Hissette's precise descriptions were the logical fruit of his outstanding observational abilities and enabled him as a man of great intuition to speculate about causal relationships. He evidently benefited from the fact that he took the native Africans seriously and asked them their opinion. In 1933, his friend and teacher Dr. De Mets in Antwerp already wrote on Hissette's discovery in the Belgian Congo: "This study is of exceptional value to specialists which is not only a tribute to its author, but to our common native country (Belgium)." PMID:18546927

16. Chapter 15: Jean-Martin Charcot and the anatomo-clinical method of neurology.

PubMed

Goetz, Christopher G

2010-01-01

Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893) was the premier clinical neurologist of the 19th century. Charcot's research was anchored in the anatomo-clinical method, a two-part methodology that linked clinical signs with anatomical lesions. The first step of this method involved the careful documentation of clinical signs with longitudinal observation. At the time of death, the second step involved autopsy examination of the brain and spinal cord. With combined clinical and anatomical data, Charcot was able to suggest concrete clinical-anatomical correlations. This method helped to define the tracts and nuclei responsible for normal and abnormal neurological signs and was pivotal to a new classification of neurological diseases based on anatomy. The best-developed example of this method was Charcot's work with motor system degenerative disorders, specifically amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. These studies led to the international designation of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis as Charcot's disease. Other examples of the fruits of the anatomo-clinical method included several stroke syndromes and the linkage of specific signs to specific lesions in multiple sclerosis. The discipline fostered cortical localization theory, which moved neurologists away from the concept of the brain as a homogenous organ in preference to the concept that brain regions controlled specific motor, sensory and language functions. Charcot's attempts to apply his anatomo-clinical method to the knotty neurological diagnosis of hysteria led him to experiments and conclusions that drew criticism and even scorn from colleagues. These events tarnished Charcot's reputation at the close of his career. In the context of Charcot's extensive discoveries and lasting contributions, the anatomo-clinical method remains the anchor of modern neurological diagnosis and is Charcot's most important contribution to clinical neurology. PMID:19892118

17. [THE SCIENTIFIC LEGACY OF JEAN EMMANUEL GILIBERT IN POLAND (COPIES OF HIS WORKS; THEIR RECEPTION)].

PubMed

Köhler, Piotr

2015-01-01

In order to locate copies of the works of Jean Emmanuel Gilibert (1741-1814) located in Poland, 54 libraries were selected for inquiry, chosen on the basis of their history or of the nature or size of their collections. So far, 27 libraries have responded to the inquiry. There are works of J.E. Gilibert stored in 14 of them (Table 1). To date, 102 copies of different editions catalogued under Gilibert's name have been recorded in libraries in Poland. These books were placed in these libraries in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, mainly as part of donations from private libraries. In Poland, the reception of the botanical works of J.E. Gilibert changed over time. Initially they were accepted uncritically (Stanisław Bonifacy Jundzill, Józef Jundziłł). Over time, and with the increase in floristic data subsequent to the publication of Gilibert's works, his treatises were cited less frequently. As early as the second half of the nineteenth century, Polish botanists mentioned them only occasionally. More accurate works, containing newer taxonomical considerations of species, effectively supplanted the works of Gilibert in scientific circulation. It is worth noting that for contemporary plant taxonomy, the botanical works of Gilibert are of no scientific value. Four of them (Flora lituanica inchoata, Exercitium botanicum, Caroli Linnaei botanicorum principis, Exercitia phytologica) are listed in Appendix V, 'Opera Utique Oppressa', of the 2006 Vienna Code of Botanical Nomenclature. Names appearing in these works in the rankings specified at the end of each listing (species and intraspecific taxa) are not accepted as valid. PMID:26445749

18. From past to current tectonics: Thematic issue dedicated to Jean-François Stéphan (1949-2013)

Manighetti, Isabelle

2016-01-01

This thematic issue of Comptes rendus Geoscience has been assembled to honor the memory of our late colleague and friend Jean-François Stéphan. Jean-François was a great scientist, specialized in tectonics, and a great colleague who devoted his time for his community. His work and actions deeply imprinted both the French and the International Earth Science communities. This volume brings together contributions of colleagues of Jean-François, who were also close friends or colleagues who knew and deeply appreciated him. Naturally, tectonics is the common theme of these contributions. Some of the papers presented here focus on tectonic questions and/or regions Jean-François worked on during his career; other papers present studies Jean-François motivated or encouraged in one way or another; other papers are simply tectonic studies he would have liked. Taken together, the nine papers of this thematic issue take the reader on a beautiful trip, from past to current tectonics.

19. Equilibrium between radiation and matter for classical relativistic multiperiodic systems. II. Study of radiative equilibrium with Rayleigh-Jeans radiation

Blanco, R.; Pesquera, L.; Santos, E.

1984-05-01

We continue the study of the problem of equilibrium between radiation and classical relativistic systems begun previously

[Phys. Rev. D 27, 1254 (1983)]
. We consider the emission and absorption of energy by a relativistic pointlike particle immersed in a Rayleigh-Jeans radiation field. The particle is acted upon by a force which, if alone, would produce a multiply periodic motion. It is shown that radiative balance at each frequency holds. A discussion is given of the results reported in both papers.

20. Analysis of the compatibility between the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution and the Rayleigh-Jeans spectrum for classical systems

Blanco, R.; Pesquera, L.

1986-01-01

We analyze in detail the validity of the compatibility between the Maxwell-Boltzmann (MB) distribution and the Rayleigh-Jeans (RJ) spectrum obtained in recent works by the authors for classical relativistic systems. We show that the MB distribution and the RJ spectrum are not compatible if we do not remove high enough frequencies. By analyzing the applicability of the approximation methods used in previous works to obtain the MB distribution from the RJ spectrum, we conclude that these methods are valid only if we introduce a high-frequency cutoff in the RJ spectrum. A short discussion is made on the meaning of this cutoff.

1. Terpenoids, flavonoids and caffeic acid derivatives from Salvia viridis L. cvar. Blue Jeans.

PubMed

Rungsimakan, Supattra; Rowan, Michael G

2014-12-01

Three diterpenoids, 1-oxomicrostegiol (1), viroxocin (2), viridoquinone (3), were isolated from the roots of Salvia viridis L. cvar. Blue Jeans. Five known diterpenoids, microstegiol (4), 7α-acetoxy-14-hydroxy-8,13-abietadiene-11,12-dione (5; 7-O-acetylhorminone tautomer), 7α,14-dihydroxy-8,13-abietadiene-11,12-dione (6; horminone tautomer), ferruginol and salvinolonyl 12-methyl ether (7) were also found in the roots together with 1-docosyl ferulate (8), and a mixture of 2-(4'-alkoxyphenyl) ethyl alkanoates (9). Two lupane triterpenoids, 2α-acetoxy-lup-20(29)-en-3β-ol (10), and 3β-acetoxy-lup-20(29)-en-2α-ol (11) were found in the aerial parts together with known compounds, lup-20(29)-ene-2α,3β-diol (12), ursolic acid, oleanolic acid, β-sitosterol and β-sitosterol glucoside. A known phenylpropanoid, trans-verbascoside (or acteoside; 13), was the main constituent in the polar fraction of the aerial part, and it is now reported in the genus Salvia for the first time. Other polyphenolic compounds were cis-verbascoside (14), leucosceptoside A (15), martynoside (16), caffeic acid, 6-O-caffeoyl-glucose (18), rosmarinic acid, salidroside, luteolin-7-O-α-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→6)-β-galactopyranoside, luteolin-7-O-β-galactopyranoside, luteolin-7-O-α-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→6)-β-glucopyranoside, luteolin-7-O-β-glucopyranoside, and apigenin-7-O-β-glucopyranoside. The structures were determined by 1D-, 2D-NMR and HR-ESI-MS techniques. Compounds 6, 10, ferruginol, ursolic acid and oleanolic acid exhibited antibacterial activity against Enterococcus faecalis (ATCC 775) with MIC 50 μM, 25 μM, 50 μM, 12.5 μM, 12.5 μM respectively. Ferruginol, ursolic acid and oleanolic acid were also active against Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 6571), and Bacillus cereus (ATCC 2599) with MIC 12.5-50 μM. 4 was also active against S.aureus (ATCC 6571) with MIC 50 μM. These values are consistent with previous studies on the antimicrobial activity of Salvia diterpenoids. PMID:25256822

2. The fragmentation of molecular clouds - Critical (Jeans) mass in the vicinity of thermal instability and influence of visible extinction variations

Renard, M.; Chieze, J. P.

1993-01-01

We adapt the classical Jeans analysis of gravitational stability to a molecular gas subject to thermal exchanges of the interstellar medium. At the onset of thermal instability the compressibility of a gas vanishes and so does the critical Jeans mass which is proportional to the 3/2 power of the compressibility. A spherical geometry is adopted, taking into account self-consistent variations of the opacity driven by radial density gravitational modes. The variation of the critical mass in the vicinity of thermal instabilities is presented. Nonlinear and nonequilibrium simulations of spherical clouds have been performed to study: the gravitational evolution of a thermally unstable cooling gas, and the influence of ambient radiation field variations upon stability of molecular clumps in the outer envelopes of molecular complexes. Accordingly, the following consequences are discussed: the critical mass reduction by self-consistent variations of the opacity which may occur for example when the ratio of dust to gas is locally enhanced; the location of stable hydrostatic equilibrium of the most massive clumps in large molecular clouds; and the early thermal and gravitational fragmentation of giant molecular clouds during the cooling period of large amounts of warm interstellar gas.

3. [WILD MAMMALS OF THE GRAND DUCHY OF LITHUANIA IN THE WORKS OF JEAN-EMMANUEL GILIBERT].

PubMed

Samojlik, Tomasz; Daszkiewicz, Piotr

2015-01-01

Among the many topics of lively scientific work that Jean Emmanuel Gilibert (1741-1814) conducted in Grodno and Vilnius, an important place is occupied by his observations of wild mammals. Royal patronage and care from Antoni Tyzenhauz, Treasurer of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the governor of Grodno, allowed Gilibert to keep and observe wild fauna captured by royal services in royal forests, including Białowieża Primeval Forest. Such was an origin of a female bison kept by Gilibert in Grodno. Its description, published in Indagatores naturae in Lithuania (Vilnius 1781) for decades became the primary source of information about the behaviour, food preferences and the anatomy of European bison. European science has just begun to take interest in European bison, therefore Gilibert's account entered scientific circulation by way of French natural history encyclopaedias (mainly Georges Buffon's Histoire naturelle) and works by Georges Cuvier or Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire. Apart from the description of European bison, Gilibert left an entire series of observations of wild mammals inhabiting the forests of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. His accounts of moose were important in building a knowledge base for this species. In the first half of the 18th century, moose was known mainly from fantastic descriptions in Renaissance works and from prescriptions devoted to using moose hoof as the epilepsy treatment. Gilibert's observations helped to overthrow such superstitions. Similarly, Gilibert's first-hand information verified the widespread legends concerning brown bear (e.g. the belief that white bears, belonging to other species than polar bears, occur in Lithuania) . List of species kept and thoroughly watched by the scholar is much longer and includes lynx, wolf (and hybrids of wolves and dogs), beaver, badger, fox, hedgehog, and even white mouse. Also his comments on the species of mammals then absent in Lithuania but known either from farming or from the fur

4. NOMENCLATURAL NOTES ON THE EURYTOMIDS (CHALCIDOIDEA: EURYTOMIDAE) DESCRIBED BY JEAN BRÈTHES HOUSED IN MUSEO ARGENTINO DE CIENCIAS NATURALES “BERNARDINO RIVADAVIA”

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Nine species parasitic eurytomid wasps described by Jean Brèthes and deposited in the National Insect Collection of Argentina, Buenos Aires are treated and their nomenclature stabilized. The condition of the type material is described. Lectotypes are designated for Prodecatoma parodii, Eudecatoma o...

5. Transitory Connections: The Reception and Rejection of Jean Piaget's Psychology in the Nursery School Movement in the 1920s and 1930s

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Beatty, Barbara

2009-01-01

In 1927, nursery school educator Lucy Sprague Mitchell heralded Jean Piaget's psychology as of "outstanding interest" and wrote in "Progressive Education" that it should be of "immense service" to psychologists, teachers, and parents. In 1929, psychologist Lois Meek praised Piaget's research in the National Society for the Study of Education's…

6. Shall Our Leadership Preparation Programs Be Focused on Proactive Leadership for Social Justice? A Rejoinder to Jean-Marie, Normore, and Brooks

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Oplatka, Izhar

2009-01-01

A dominant conjecture underlying the literature about leadership for social justice brought up in Jean-Marie, Normore, and Brooks' (2009) paper suggests that leadership preparation programs (LPPs) need to prepare school leaders to promote a broader and deeper understanding of social justice, democracy, and equity, as well as to struggle with forms…

7. New data on Jean-Étienne Guettard's journey to Poland in the years 1760-1762

2004-10-01

This paper presents new information on the journey of the French geologist Jean-Étienne Guettard to Poland in the years 1760-1762. Search in the Archives of the Academy of Sciences in Paris, especially a review of his biographic dossier and collections of documents reports delivered at the meetings of the Academy, made it possible to find rich material (letters, reports, notes from field studies, drafts of lectures and others), a large part of which refers to this journey. This hitherto overlooked material well supplements our knowledge of the journey and casts some new light on the scope and extent and results of geological and meteorological studies carried out by J.-É. Guettard during his stay in Poland. To cite this article: R. Tarkowski, C. R. Geoscience 336 (2004).

8. Jean-Martin Charcot, father of modern neurology: an homage 120 years after his death.

PubMed

Gomes, Marleide da Mota; Engelhardt, Eliasz

2013-10-01

Jean-Martin Charcot was a pioneer in a variety of subjects, including nervous system diseases; anatomy; physiology; pathology; and diseases of ageing, joints, and lungs. His medical achievements were mainly based on his anatomopathological proficiency, his observation, and his personal thoroughness that favored the delineation of the nosology of the main neurological diseases, including multiple sclerosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, peroneal muscular atrophy, and hysteria/epilepsy. The link of this anatomoclinical method with iconographic representations and theatrical lessons, and the rich bibliographical documentations, carried out in a crowded barn for diseased people--Salpetrière Hospital, were the basis of his achievements, which are still discussed 120 years after his death. PMID:24212522

9. Application of Jean Piaget's theory of human development for nursing children in an adult intensive therapy unit.

PubMed

Green, A

1991-12-01

Piaget (1964) believed that interaction with the environment has a large part to play in human development. Matthew (1986) states that in an ideal world critically ill children should be cared for by staff trained in paediatrics, within designated paediatric intensive therapy units. Unfortunately, there are only 28 paediatric intensive therapy units in Great Britain (CMA Medical Data, 1987), consequently each year a third of children requiring intensive care are admitted to adult intensive therapy units (ITU). A knowledge and understanding of developmental psychology can therefore be beneficial to nurses in assessing which stage of development a child has reached, in order to plan the correct level of stimulation, and hence facilitate progress rather than regression in the accomplishment of developmental tasks. The psychological and social processes involved in Jean Piaget's (1896-1980) theory of human development are discussed with regard to nursing children requiring intubation and ventilation in an adult ITU. PMID:1765639

10. Absurdity and being-in-itself. The third phase of phenomenology: Jean-Paul Sartre and existential psychoanalysis.

PubMed

Jones, A

2001-08-01

Existentialism and phenomenology are closely linked philosophies. Existentialism preceded phenomenology and is not considered a single philosophy but several schools of thought, both theist and atheist in thinking, which grew out of a reaction to traditional philosophy. The development of phenomenology is divided into three separate phases ultimately merging with existentialism. Following Second World War, the phenomenological movement gained momentum in France and encompassed many of the ideas of Edmund Husserl and Martin Heidegger. Gabriel Marcel, Maurice Merlieu-Ponty and, notably, Jean-Paul Sartre established a 'third phase' of phenomenology. This paper explores some of Sartre's ideas related to being and later applications through Medard Boss and R.D. Laing, and offers a short illustrative case vignette that shows the concepts as they might apply to nursing practice. Consideration is finally given to existential psychoanalysis as an applied research methodology PMID:11882149

11. Evolution of the phase-space density and the Jeans scale for dark matter derived from the Vlasov-Einstein equation

SciTech Connect

Piattella, O.F.; Rodrigues, D.C.; Fabris, J.C.; Pacheco, J.A. de Freitas E-mail: davi.rodrigues@ufes.br E-mail: pacheco@oca.eu

2013-11-01

We discuss solutions of Vlasov-Einstein equation for collisionless dark matter particles in the context of a flat Friedmann universe. We show that, after decoupling from the primordial plasma, the dark matter phase-space density indicator Q = ρ/(σ{sub 1D}{sup 2}){sup 3/2} remains constant during the expansion of the universe, prior to structure formation. This well known result is valid for non-relativistic particles and is not ''observer dependent'' as in solutions derived from the Vlasov-Poisson system. In the linear regime, the inclusion of velocity dispersion effects permits to define a physical Jeans length for collisionless matter as function of the primordial phase-space density indicator: λ{sub J} = (5π/G){sup 1/2}Q{sup −1/3}ρ{sub dm}{sup −1/6}. The comoving Jeans wavenumber at matter-radiation equality is smaller by a factor of 2-3 than the comoving wavenumber due to free-streaming, contributing to the cut-off of the density fluctuation power spectrum at the lowest scales. We discuss the physical differences between these two scales. For dark matter particles of mass equal to 200 GeV, the derived Jeans mass is 4.3 × 10{sup −6}M{sub ⊙}.

12. [Psychiatric nursing at the Hospital Saint-Jean-de-Dieu School of Nursing: striking a balance between the spiritual and the technical sides].

PubMed

Thifault, Marie-Claude

2010-01-01

The art of taking care of the insane developed and solidified at the Hospital Saint-Jean-de-Dieu after a School of Nurses was created there in 1912. Founded by the Sisters of Providence, this new school participated in the transformation of the asylum into a regular hospital. The archives of the Sisters of Providence and the monthly magazine La garde-malade canadienne-française allow us to analyze the discourse of nursing leaders, which was based on the importance of professional training. Scientific discoveries and new technologies were at the heart of the care process at Saint-Jean-de-Dieu, where students were introduced to a technical, as well as a spiritual, education. This article first considers the marginal status of psychiatric nursing training within the larger nurses' professionalization movement. In a second step, it describes the socio-religious context between 1912 and 1962 within which the School of Nurses of the Hospital Saint-Jean-de-Dieu evolved. PMID:21560368

13. The Extinction on the Southern Galactic disk as seen from the VVV Survey: A Rayleigh-Jeans Extinction map

Soto, M.; Barbá, R.; Firpo, V.; Roman-Lopes, A.

2014-10-01

We report on the development of an extinction map for the Southern Galactic disk based on the combination of Near-Infrared (NIR) observations of the ESO public survey VISTA Variables in the Milky Way (VVV), complemented with GLIMPSE and 2MASS data. The 520 deg{^2} observed by VVV in 5 near infrared bands (J, H, K_{s}, Y, Z), and multiple epochs, are a wealth of information which are important to address fundamental questions about the structure and formation history of the Milky Way. The region surveyed by this work, the 152 VVV tiles/fields of the Southern Galactic disk, overlaps with the 2MASS and GLIMPSE surveys, and thus allows the sources surveyed to have multiband photometry ranging from the near to mid-infrared wavelengths. Our results, using the Rayleigh-Jeans Color Excess method (RJCE), have allowed us to obtain an extinction map with a pixel size of 1'×1', which is consistent with other maps developed recently. Furthermore, our results show a systematic underestimation of extinction by previous work based on 2MASS NIR data alone.

14. Jean-Martin Charcot and art: relationship of the "founder of neurology" with various aspects of art.

PubMed

Bogousslavsky, Julien; Boller, François

2013-01-01

Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893), the "father of neurology" in France and much beyond, was also the man who established academic psychiatry in Paris, differentiating it from clinical alienism. In his teaching, he used artistic representations from previous centuries to illustrate the historical developments of hysteria, mainly with the help of his pupil Paul Richer. Charcot liked to draw portraits (in particular, sketches of colleagues during boring faculty meetings and students' examinations), caricatures of himself and others, church sculptures, landscapes, soldiers, etc. He also used this skill in his clinical and scientific work; he drew histological or anatomic specimens, as well as patients' features and demeanor. His most daring artistic experiments were drawing under the influence of hashish. Charcot's tastes in art were conservative; he displayed no affinity for the avant-gardes of his time, including impressionism, or for contemporary musicians, such as César Franck or Hector Berlioz. Léon Daudet, son of Charcot's former friend and famous writer Alphonse Daudet, described Charcot's home as a pseudo-gothic kitsch accumulation of heteroclite pieces of furniture and materials. However, as Henry Meige wrote a few years after his mentor's death, Charcot the artist remains "inseparable from Charcot the physician." PMID:24041281

15. Unsupervised classification of lidar-based vegetation structure metrics at Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve

USGS Publications Warehouse

Kranenburg, Christine J.; Palaseanu-Lovejoy, Monica; Nayegandhi, Amar; Brock, John; Woodman, Robert

2012-01-01

Traditional vegetation maps capture the horizontal distribution of various vegetation properties, for example, type, species and age/senescence, across a landscape. Ecologists have long known, however, that many important forest properties, for example, interior microclimate, carbon capacity, biomass and habitat suitability, are also dependent on the vertical arrangement of branches and leaves within tree canopies. The objective of this study was to use a digital elevation model (DEM) along with tree canopy-structure metrics derived from a lidar survey conducted using the Experimental Advanced Airborne Research Lidar (EAARL) to capture a three-dimensional view of vegetation communities in the Barataria Preserve unit of Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve, Louisiana. The EAARL instrument is a raster-scanning, full waveform-resolving, small-footprint, green-wavelength (532-nanometer) lidar system designed to map coastal bathymetry, topography and vegetation structure simultaneously. An unsupervised clustering procedure was then applied to the 3-dimensional-based metrics and DEM to produce a vegetation map based on the vertical structure of the park's vegetation, which includes a flotant marsh, scrub-shrub wetland, bottomland hardwood forest, and baldcypress-tupelo swamp forest. This study was completed in collaboration with the National Park Service Inventory and Monitoring Program's Gulf Coast Network. The methods presented herein are intended to be used as part of a cost-effective monitoring tool to capture change in park resources.

16. Doctor Jean-Paul Marat (1743-93) and his time as a physician in Great Britain.

PubMed

Silver, J R; Weiner, M-F

2013-01-01

Jean-Paul Marat was a French revolutionary, famously murdered in his bath by Charlotte Corday in 1793. A lesser known fact is that for over ten years he lived in Britain where he practised as a doctor. During this time he visited London, Edinburgh, Dublin and Holland. Although he had no formal medical training, he published two medical papers on gleets (gonorrhoea) and diseases of the eyes and, on the recommendation of two eminent Scottish physicians, William Buchan and Hugh James, he was granted a medical degree from the University of St Andrews. Marat left no medical legacy and his related writings were forgotten for 100 years until the rediscovery of the two medical papers, which were eventually re-published in 1892 at the instigation of James Bailey, the librarian of the Royal College of Surgeons of England. Biographies by F Chevremont (1880), Ashbee Spencer (1890) and A Cabanès (1891) had rekindled interest in this intriguing revolutionary. A study of his time in Britain and his medical works and training provide an interesting insight into the mind of a revolutionary and how his sojourn may have shaped his future political career upon his return to France in 1777. PMID:23516696

17. Jean Martin Charcot (1825-93) and John Hughlings Jackson (1835-1911): neurology in France and England in the 19th century.

PubMed

Silvester, Alexander

2009-11-01

In 1862 Jean Martin Charcot was appointed Physician at the Salpêtrière Hospital in Paris, and simultaneously John Hughlings Jackson was appointed as assistant physician at the National Hospital for the Paralysed and Epileptic, Queen Square, London. Both men made significant contributions to the development of neurology, many of which remain important to contemporary neurologists. The achievements and the work of Charcot and Hughlings Jackson are considered in the light of their respective localities and medical education, and the structure of hospital institutions and political allegiances are compared in the late 19th century in France and Britain. PMID:20029079

18. Jean Brachet, l'hérédité générale and the origins of molecular embryology.

PubMed

Sapp, J

1997-01-01

Jean Brachet's research on microsomes and the role of RNA in protein synthesis during the 1940s and 50s is placed in the context of embryological views about the role of the cytoplasm in development, and plasmagene theory based on studies of non-Mendelian inheritance in microorganisms. I show how Brachet's subsequent conception of messenger RNA evolved in the context of his conceptions of the relations between plasmagenes and nuclear genes. His theorizing on cytoplasmic organelles and viruses is further situated in the bio-political controversy over the inheritance of acquired characteristics during the Lysenko controversy. PMID:9284643

19. Equilibrium between radiation and matter for classical relativistic multiperiodic systems. Derivation of Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution from Rayleigh-Jeans spectrum

Blanco, R.; Pesquera, L.; Santos, E.

1983-03-01

The motion of a charged pointlike relativistic particle under the action of a given force field plus a random electromagnetic radiation is studied. It is assumed that the given force field alone should produce a multiply periodic motion, which is perturbed by the action of both the random radiation and the reaction damping. The random radiation is represented by a stochastic process and an equation is obtained for the equilibrium probability density of the particle in phase space. In the particular case of a random radiation with Rayleigh-Jeans spectrum, it is shown that the stationary solution, corresponding to radiation-matter equilibrium, is given by the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution.

20. [The market at the heart of the invention of the museum ? : Jean-Baptiste-Pierre Lebrun at the Louvre (1792-1802)].

PubMed

Guichard, Charlotte

2011-01-01

Before Vivant Denon, the dealer Jean-Baptiste-Pierre Lebrun played a crucial role in the creation of the Louvre collections, despite the revolutionary discourse which opposed the market to the museum. Lebrun's position as a polemicist is interpreted here as a strategy of self-presentation which made possible the controversial birth of the figure of the museum expert. With Lebrun, the Louvre imposed itself as a public space of artistic expertise, where values imported from the market - such as attributionism, materiality, and authenticity - became prominent in the evaluation of paintings. PMID:21424356

1. [Jean-martin charcot].

PubMed

Sakuta, Manabu

2014-11-01

Charcot created a system for the classification and diagnosis of neurological patients in the 1850s. His methodology consisted of listening to a patient's family history and present history, observing the patient scrupulously, and confirming lesions by autopsy once the patient was dead. He compared two different diseases in order to make their differences clear. Once he understood the fundamental form of a disease, he proceeded to study less perfect forms that had a single symptom. By this process, Charcot developed many new symptomatologies in Neurology. PMID:25407058

2. Fluvio-deltaic progradation in forced regressive deglacial succession: lessons from the Lake Saint-Jean (Québec, Canada, late Quaternary)

Nutz, Alexis; Ghienne, Jean-François; Schuster, Mathieu; Roquin, Claude; Dietrich, Pierre; Bouchette, Frédéric; Cousineau, Pierre A.

2015-04-01

Deltas simultaneously respond to modifications in water discharge, sediment supply and base-level change. As a consequence, they provide accurate archive for deciphering environmental change through times. In this contribution, a Late Quaternary deglacial sequence is documented from Lake Saint-Jean basin (Québec, Canada) where sediments have recorded the Laurentide ice sheet (LIS) retreat accompanied by the invasion of marine waters (Laflamme Gulf) from ca. 12.9 cal. ky BP. Subsequently, fluvio-deltaic and then coastal prograding wedges emplaced following the base level fall induced by the glacio-isostatic rebound. The related succession, representing a transition from glacial to post-glacial periods within a previously glaciated area, was investigated through recent geological mapping, preserved landforms, facies analysis, and new optical stimulated luminescence (OSL) and radiocarbon (14C) dates. Three basin-scale geological sections are presented focusing on the architectures and facies of fluvio-deltaic progradations emplaced from 12.9 cal. ka BP to present-day in Lake Saint-Jean. Overlying the bedrock, isolated ice-contact fan deposits are capped by glacimarine muds. Above, fluvio-deltaic and coastal prograding systems were deposited following four major evolutions through time: (i) deltaic systems progressively increased in width, (ii) coastal influence on sedimentation increased, (iii) hydrographic drainage systems became more organised, and (iv) delta graded from steep (Gilbert delta) to low-angle foresets (mouth-bar delta). These evolutions in fluvio-deltaic systems are attributed to the modifications in water discharge, sediment supply and rate of base level fall driven by the deglaciation. The presented succession is considered as representative of the sedimentological signature of fluvial progradations in forced regressive deglacial sequences. Derived from the Lake Saint-Jean basin, this study provides new elements for the recognition and interpretation

3. Hell in the family: married women and madness before institutionalization at the St-Jean-de-Dieu Asylum, 1890-1921.

PubMed

Thifault, Marie-Claude

2011-01-01

Research in Montreal's St-Jean-de-Dieu Asylum archives has revealed a number of letters from family members and local physicians pleading for asylum care for married women between 1890 and 1921. When added to other admission documents in patients' medical files, these letters allow an intimate glimpse into private lives of families and highlight the pain and distress of dealing with mentally ill people in the home before the introduction of community mental health services. Far from easily abandoning a spouse or mother, close-knit French Canadian families struggled until they could no longer cope before seeking help. To comply with asylum regulations, family members (primarily husbands, who were often illiterate) and local physicians were required to justify their applications for admission, but they did so in different ways. PMID:21329143

4. Jean Decima Jacomb (1894-1988), matron of The London Clinic, 20 Devonshire Place, London W1 from 1938 to 1949.

PubMed

Perkins, Kathy

2016-08-01

Miss Jean Jacomb born into a wealthy family, was at the age of 22 a student nurse at St Bartholomew's Hospital, London in 1917 where she nursed convalescent soldiers from World War I. Her midwifery training was in the slums around Whitechapel where a nurses uniform and medical bag provided a safe passage in the East End of London. For a while she worked in South Africa and India and returning to UK in 1923 she progressed to appointment as matron at the now re-named Royal Marsden Hospital in Chelsea. In 1938 she was appointed matron to The London Clinic during the years of World War II following which in 1949 she retired at the age of 55. She then travelled the world extensively by ship, always first class. She died in 1988. PMID:24944046

5. "He sees the development of children's concepts upon a background of sociology": Jean Piaget's honorary degree at Harvard University in 1936.

PubMed

Hsueh, Yeh

2004-02-01

In the recent memory, Jean Piaget has been known as a cognitive developmental psychologist. But in 1936 when Harvard gave him his first honorary degree, he was recognized mainly as a sociologist. Why did Harvard honor him in 1936? Who knew his work well enough to nominate him? This article will address these questions by exploring archival documents from different sources. Evidence draws our attention to a broad social and intellectual endeavor in philanthropy, other social sciences, and especially industrial research that brought Piaget across the water. This article also attempts to interpret the circumstances of the nomination process inside and outside of Harvard University by using a theory of institutional design. It suggests that embodied in Harvard's honor of Piaget in 1936 was an idealistic act in social designing for a future society. PMID:15022668

6. Current-controlled Sedimentary Features into Lake Saint-Jean (Québec, Canada): a Record of Wind-driven Processes?

Nutz, A.; Schuster, M.; Ghienne, J. F.; Roquin, C.; Hay, M. B.; Retif, F.; Certain, R.; Robin, N.; Raynal, O.; Cousineau, P. A.; Bouchette, F. A.

2014-12-01

Lake Saint-Jean is the third largest natural lake in Québec (Canada), however very few studies have focused on the basin-scale limnogeology of this lake. An initial very high-resolution seismic survey of Lake Saint-Jean was conducted in 2011, providing more than 300 km of seismic sections throughout the lake. These seismic profiles permitted the identification of numerous depositional units at a basin-scale (Nutz et al., Boreas 2014). In this contribution, we focus on prominent large-scale, high-energy sedimentary features that are rather atypical in lakes: a sand-prone sedimentary shelf, sediment drifts and extensive erosional surfaces. All of these features may be attributed to wind-driven hydrodynamics affecting the central portion of the lake, at depths well below the wave base. Coupling the seismic profiles with a series of sediment cores and recent dating results, we now can propose a detailed characterization of these sedimentary features including age and context of emplacement, as well as the dominant depositional processes at work. Indeed, a numerical simulation of wind-induced bottom-current distribution based on realistic wind regimes was also applied in order to validate our previous wind-forcing interpretation. This research provides a more thorough understanding of depositional processes at the origin of fine-grained sediment accumulations in lakes. The prevalence of wind-driven processes in some lacustrine depositional systems is also addressed through the presentation of a conceptual depositional model well-suited for high-energy, wind-driven water-bodies. This model is of interest to all geoscientists dealing with present-day lake systems (e.g., reservoir lake management) as well as researchers working with paleo-lacustrine records and strata (e.g., bottom lake anoxia, hiatial surfaces, hydrocarbon exploration).

7. The raft of the Saint-Jean River, Gaspé (Québec, Canada): A dynamic feature trapping most of the wood transported from the catchment

Boivin, Maxime; Buffin-Bélanger, Thomas; Piégay, Hervé

2015-02-01

The rivers of the Gaspé Peninsula, Québec (Canada), a coastal drainage system of the St. Lawrence River, receive and transport vast quantities of large wood. The rapid rate of channel shifting caused by high-energy flows and noncohesive banks allows wood recruitment that in turn greatly influences river dynamics. The delta of the Saint-Jean River has accumulated wood since 1960, leading to frequent avulsions over that time period. The wood raft there is now more than 3-km in length, which is unusual but natural. This jam configuration allows a unique opportunity to estimate a wood budget at the scale of a long river corridor and to better understand the dynamics of large wood (LW) in rivers. A wood budget includes the evaluation of wood volumes (i) produced by bank erosion (input), (ii) still in transit in the river corridor (deposited on sand bars or channel edges), and (iii) accumulated in the delta (output). The budget is based on an analysis of aerial photos dating back to 1963 as well as surveys carried out in 2010, all of which were used to locate and describe large wood accumulations along a 60-km river section. The main results of this paper show that the raft formation in the delta is dynamic and can be massive, but it is a natural process. Considering the estimated wood volume trapped in the delta from 1963 to 2013 (≈ 25,000 m3), two important points are revealed by the quantification of the wood recruitment volume from 1963 to 2004 (≈ 27,000 m3 ± 400 m3) and of the wood volume stored on the bars in 2010 (≈ 5950 m3). First, the recruitment of large wood from lateral migration for the 40-year period can account for the volume of large wood in the delta and in transit. Second, the excess wood volume produced by lateral migration and avulsion represents a minimum estimation of the large wood trapped on the floodplain owing to wood volume that has decomposed and large wood that exited the river system. Rafts are major trapping structures that provide

8. “Advice to the medical students in my service”: the rediscovery of a golden book by Jean Hamburger, father of nephrology and of medical humanities

PubMed Central

2013-01-01

Jean Hamburger (1909–1992) is considered the founder of the concept of medical intensive care (réanimation médicale) and the first to propose the name Nephrology for the branch of medicine dealing with kidney diseases. One of the first kidney grafts in the world (with short-term success), in 1953, and the first dialysis session in France, in 1955, were performed under his guidance. His achievements as a writer were at least comparable: Hamburger was awarded several important literary prizes, including prix Femina, prix Balzac and the Cino del Duca prize (1979), awarded, among others, to Jorge Luis Borges and Konrad Lorenz. Here we would like to offer a selected reading of a “golden” book, “Conseils aux étudiants en medicine de mon service” (“Advice to the Medical Students in my Service”), the first book dedicated to patient-physician relationship in Nephrology, written when dialysis and transplantation were becoming clinical options (1963). The themes include: the central role of the patient, who should be known by name, profession, life style, and not by disease; the importance of the setting of the care; the need for truth-telling and for leaving hope; the role of research not only in the progression of science, but also in the daily clinical practice. PMID:23497662

9. Who was first to diagnose and report neuropathic arthropathy of the foot and ankle: Jean-Martin Charcot or Herbert William Page?

PubMed

Sanders, Lee J; Edmonds, Michael E; Jeffcoate, William J

2013-09-01

In November 1883, Jean-Martin Charcot and Charles Féré reported on bone and joint disease of the foot in cases of tabes dorsalis, and referred to the condition as 'pied tabétique'--a disabling neuropathic osteoarthropathy that we usually now refer to as the Charcot foot. Charcot had originally described neuropathic osteoarthropathy in more proximal joints in 1868, and in his 1883 paper with Féré stated that involvement of the short bones and small joints of the foot had not yet been described. They emphasised in the paper that one of their cases was the first ever observed, two years earlier, in 1881. It is relevant, however, that it was in this same year that involvement of the foot by tabetic arthropathy was presented to the International Medical Congress in London by an English surgeon, Herbert William Page. We believe that Page was the first to diagnose and to report a case of tabetic neuropathic osteoarthropathy in which the bones of the foot and ankle were involved. He was also the first to propose a link between the tabetic foot and disease of the peripheral nerves, as opposed to the central nervous system. PMID:23765185

10. In memoriam: Jean Blancou, DVM, 1936-2010. World authority on rabies, historian and former Director General of the World Organisation for Animal Health (Office International des Épizooties: OIE).

PubMed

2011-01-01

Jean-Marie Blancou was born in Bangui on 28 August 1936 and passed away in Paris on 10 November 2010 at the age of 74. After studying at the Pierre de Fermat Lycée in Toulouse, Jean Blancou graduated from the Toulouse Veterinary School in 1960. He continued his studies in tropical veterinary medicine in Paris until 1963, extending his knowledge of immunology, microbiology, biochemistry and zoology, at the Institut Pasteur. He obtained his doctorate in biological sciences at the University of Nancy in 1982. Jean Blancou commenced his career as technical adviser to the Veterinary Services of Ethiopia where he directed a campaign against rinderpest in the south of the county. From 1965 to 1967 he was deputy director of the national veterinary laboratory in Niamey where he was responsible for the diagnosis of animal diseases and the production of veterinary vaccines. In 1967, he moved to the central livestock laboratory in Madagascar, where he commenced research on the diagnosis and control of dermatophilosis, bovine tuberculosis and other bacterial and parasitic diseases. In August 1968 he married Geneviève Orue. In 1975 he was appointed as head of the national veterinary laboratory in Senegal, where he remained until 1977. Initially deputy director, and then director of Research on rabies and wildlife diseases, at the World Health Organization collaborating centre in Nancy, he remained in this position until 1990. Jean Blancou was recognised as a world authority on rabies. He conducted research into the diagnosis, aetiology, epidemiology and control of rabies during his time in Nancy. Between 1988 and 1990, Dr Blancou also headed the animal health and protection department of the Centre national d'études vétérinaires et animales (CNEVA) in Maisons-Alfort. On 1 January 1991, he was appointed director general of the World Organisation for Animal Health (Office International des Épizooties: OIE) and was re-elected in 1995 for a further five-year term, until he

11. Reduction of forecast uncertainty in the context of hydropower production: a case study for two catchment in Lac-St-Jean, Canada

Brisson, Cathy; Boucher, Marie-Amélie; Latraverse, Marco

2014-05-01

This research focuses on the improvement of streamflow forecasts for two subcatchments in the Lac-St-Jean area, a northern part of the province of Quebec in Canada. Those two subcatchments, named Manouane and Passes-Dangereuses, are part of a bigger system, which comprises many reservoirs and six hydropower plants. This system is managed by Rio Tinto Alcan, an aluminium producer who needs this energy for its processes. Optimal management of the hydropower plants highly depends on the reliability of the inflow forecasts to the reservoirs and also on the reliability of observed streamflow. The latter are not directly measured, but rather deduced from the computation of a water balance. This water balance includes streamflow computation based on rating curves for river sections and upstream reservoirs and a modelling process using CEQUEAU hydrological model (Morin et al., 1981). In addition, mostly during the winter, the model has to account for a transfer of water from Lac Manouane reservoir to Passes-Dangereuses through Bonnard channel. Winter flow though Bonnard channel is controlled by a spillway, and represented in CEQUEAU by a transfer function and a fixed time delay (2 days). However, it is suspected that the evacuation function, as it is currently computed, is inaccurate. The main objective of this work is to reduce predictive uncertainty for Lac Manouane and Passes-Dangereuses catchment, for the one-day ahead horizon. This objective is twofold. First, the uncertainty related to the parameterization of the hydrological model had never been evaluated. It was to be investigated whether it is better to spatialize the calibration of the hydrological model. In its actual form, the calibration of the hydrological model CEQUEAU (Morin et al., 1981) is based exclusively on the downstream outflow. There is, however, intermediate streamflow measurements data available for an intermediate location. Our study shows that calibrating the model using streamflows for both

12. Crime, hysteria and belle époque hypnotism: the path traced by Jean-Martin Charcot and Georges Gilles de la Tourette.

PubMed

Bogousslavsky, Julien; Walusinski, Olivier; Veyrunes, Denis

2009-01-01

Hysteria and hypnotism became a favorite topic of studies in the fin de siècle neurology that emerged from the school organized at La Salpêtrière by Jean-Martin Charcot, where he had arrived in 1861. Georges Gilles de la Tourette started working with Charcot in 1884 and probably remained his most faithful student, even after his mentor's death in 1893. This collaboration was particularly intense on 'criminal hypnotism', an issue on which Hippolyte Bernheim and his colleagues from the Nancy School challenged the positions taken by the Salpêtrière School. Bernheim claimed that hypnotism was not a diagnostic feature of hysteria and that there were real-life examples of murders suggested under hypnosis, while hypnosis susceptibility was identified with hysteria by Charcot and Gilles de la Tourette, who saw rape as the only crime associated with hypnotism. The quarrel was particularly virulent during a series of famous criminal cases which took place between 1888 and 1890. At the time, it was considered that La Salpêtrière had succeeded over Nancy, since the role of hypnotism was discarded during these famous trials. However, the theories of Charcot and Gilles de la Tourette were also damaged by the fight, which probably triggered the conceptual evolution leading to Joseph Babinski's revision of hysteria in 1901. Gilles de la Tourette's strong and public interest in hypnotism nearly cost him his life, when a young woman who claimed to have been hypnotized against her will shot him in the head at his own home in 1893. It was subsequently shown that hypnotism had nothing to do with it. The delusional woman was interned at Sainte-Anne for mental disturbance, thus escaping trial. Ironically, Gilles de la Tourette may have been partly responsible, since he had been one of the strongest proponents of placing mentally-ill criminals in asylums instead of prisons. PMID:19602893

13. Alfred Vulpian and Jean-Martin Charcot in each other's shadow? From Castor and Pollux at La Salpêtrière to neurology forever.

PubMed

Bogousslavsky, Julien; Walusinski, Olivier; Moulin, Thierry

2011-01-01

While Alfred Vulpian (1826-1887) is not completely forgotten, he cannot match the uninterrupted celebrity which Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893) still enjoys today. After becoming interne (residents) at the same institute in 1848, both were involved in shaping the cradle of what would become modern neurology. Both started work as chiefs at a La Salpêtrière service on January 1, 1862, making common rounds and studies, with several common publications. While their friendship remained 'for life', as stated by Charcot at Vulpian's funeral, their career paths differed. Vulpian progressed quicker and higher, being appointed full professor and elected at the Académie Nationale de Médecine and the Académie des Sciences several years before Charcot, as well as becoming dean of the Paris Faculty of Medicine. These positions also enabled him to support his friend Charcot in getting appointed full clinical professor and becoming the first holder of the chair of Clinique des Maladies du Système Nerveux in 1882. Before studying medicine, Vulpian had worked in physiology with Pierre Flourens, and his career always remained balanced between physiology and neurology, with remarkable papers. He introduced Charcot to optic microscopy during their La Salpêtrière years, indirectly helping him to become his successor to the chair of pathological anatomy in 1872. While Vulpian succeeded so well in local medical affairs, Charcot spent his time building up a huge clinical service and a teaching 'school' at La Salpêtrière, which he never left for over 31 years until his death. This 'school' progressively became synonymous with clinical neurology itself and perpetuated the master's memory for decades. Vulpian never had such support, although Jules Déjerine was his pupil and Joseph Babinski was his interne before becoming Charcot's chef de clinique (chief of staff) in 1885. This unusual switch in Parisian medicine contributed to Charcot's unaltered celebrity over more than a century

14. Jean Parker School, San Francisco.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Larson, Soren

1999-01-01

Describes the post-earthquake renovation of a San Francisco urban elementary school that preserved its historical detail within a modern replacement. Design features are detailed; photos and a floorplan are included. (GR)

15. Resurvey of quality of surface water and bottom material of the Barataria Preserve of Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve, Louisiana, 1999-2000

USGS Publications Warehouse

Swarzenski, Christopher M.

2003-01-01

The quality of water and bottom material in the Barataria Preserve of Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve, Louisiana, was surveyed from March 1999 to May 2000. Organochlorine, chlorophenoxy acid, and organophosphorus pesticides; polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB?s); and trace elements were analyzed in surface water and bottom material from three sites previously sampled in a 1981-82 survey. Surface water at six sites was sampled and analyzed for selected nutrients and major inorganic ions based on their importance to human health, the health of the marshes of the Barataria Preserve, or their usefulness in tracking the circulation of Mississippi River water in the Barataria Preserve. Southern Louisiana was in a moderate to severe drought during most of the sampling period, which elevated salinity in the Barataria Preserve for at least 8 months. Specific conductance values were less than 3,000 ?S/cm (microsiemens per centimeter at 25 degrees Celsius) in surface water throughout the Barataria Preserve from March through September 1999. Specific conductance values increased over the next 2 months and then remained between 5,000 and 6,000 ?S/cm. The herbicide 2,4-D was detected in water at the two sites sampled in August 1999 but not at any site during the two other sampling times. Iron, manganese, and the trace elements copper, nickel, and zinc were detected in dissolved and whole-water samples at all three sites. Nitrite+ nitrate, as nitrogen, concentrations ranged from less than 0.002 to 0.19 mg/L (milligrams per liter). Ammonia, as nitrogen, concentrations ranged from less than 0.01 to 0.16 mg/L. Orthophosphate, as phosphorus, concentrations ranged from less than 0.002 to 0.14 mg/L. Calcium, magnesium, potassium, sulfate, and chloride concentrations in surface water were elevated due to the marine influence on the composition of surface water in the Barataria Preserve during the sampling period. Sulfate and chloride concentrations reached 379 and 2

16. LIFTING THE DUSTY VEIL WITH NEAR- AND MID-INFRARED PHOTOMETRY. III. TWO-DIMENSIONAL EXTINCTION MAPS OF THE GALACTIC MIDPLANE USING THE RAYLEIGH-JEANS COLOR EXCESS METHOD

SciTech Connect

Nidever, David L.; Zasowski, Gail; Majewski, Steven R. E-mail: gz2n@virginia.edu

2012-08-01

We provide new, high-resolution A(K{sub s} ) extinction maps of the heavily reddened Galactic midplane based on the Rayleigh-Jeans Color Excess ({sup R}JCE{sup )} method. RJCE determines star-by-star reddening based on a combination of near- and mid-infrared photometry. The new RJCE-generated maps have 2' Multiplication-Sign 2' pixels and span some of the most severely extinguished regions of the Galaxy-those covered with Spitzer/IRAC imaging by the GLIMPSE-I, -II, -3D, and Vela-Carina surveys, from 256 Degree-Sign < l < 65 Degree-Sign and, in general, for |b| {<=} 1 Degree-Sign -1.{sup 0}5 (extending up to |b| {<=} 4 Degree-Sign in the bulge). Using RJCE extinction measurements, we generate dereddened color-magnitude diagrams and, in turn, create maps based on main sequence, red clump, and red giant star tracers, each probing different distances and thereby providing coarse three-dimensional information on the relative placement of dust cloud structures. The maps generated from red giant stars, which reach to {approx}18-20 kpc, probe beyond most of the Milky Way extinction in most directions and provide close to a 'total Galactic extinction' map-at minimum they provide high angular resolution maps of lower limits on A(K{sub s} ). Because these maps are generated directly from measurements of reddening by the very dust being mapped, rather than inferred on the basis of some less direct means, they are likely the most accurate to date for charting in detail the highly patchy differential extinction in the Galactic midplane. We provide downloadable FITS files and an IDL tool for retrieving extinction values for any line of sight within our mapped regions.

17. Lifting the Dusty Veil with Near- and Mid-infrared Photometry. III. Two-dimensional Extinction Maps of the Galactic Midplane Using the Rayleigh-Jeans Color Excess Method

Nidever, David L.; Zasowski, Gail; Majewski, Steven R.

2012-08-01

We provide new, high-resolution A(Ks ) extinction maps of the heavily reddened Galactic midplane based on the Rayleigh-Jeans Color Excess ("RJCE") method. RJCE determines star-by-star reddening based on a combination of near- and mid-infrared photometry. The new RJCE-generated maps have 2' × 2' pixels and span some of the most severely extinguished regions of the Galaxy—those covered with Spitzer/IRAC imaging by the GLIMPSE-I, -II, -3D, and Vela-Carina surveys, from 256° < l < 65° and, in general, for |b| <= 1°-1fdg5 (extending up to |b| <= 4° in the bulge). Using RJCE extinction measurements, we generate dereddened color-magnitude diagrams and, in turn, create maps based on main sequence, red clump, and red giant star tracers, each probing different distances and thereby providing coarse three-dimensional information on the relative placement of dust cloud structures. The maps generated from red giant stars, which reach to ~18-20 kpc, probe beyond most of the Milky Way extinction in most directions and provide close to a "total Galactic extinction" map—at minimum they provide high angular resolution maps of lower limits on A(Ks ). Because these maps are generated directly from measurements of reddening by the very dust being mapped, rather than inferred on the basis of some less direct means, they are likely the most accurate to date for charting in detail the highly patchy differential extinction in the Galactic midplane. We provide downloadable FITS files and an IDL tool for retrieving extinction values for any line of sight within our mapped regions.

18. Jean-Pierre Luminet: Renaissance Communicator

Pullen, L.; Russo, P.

2009-02-01

As science communicators dealing with astronomy we often find a strong interest amongst the public in astrology - how the stars and planets directly affect our individual lives. Nowadays astrology is at odds with the scientific nature of astronomy, but this has not always been the case. Presented here is a background to astrology, to give a deeper understanding of where it has come from and why it has such an enduring place in all forms of global media.

19. Biot, Jean-Baptiste (1774-1862)

Murdin, P.

2000-11-01

Physicist and astronomer, born in Paris, France, professor at the Collège de France. His most important work was on the polarization of light (which he correctly suggested was due to asymmetric molecules). With Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac he made in 1804 an ascent in a balloon to study a variety of phenomena at high altitude. Biot headed a commission from the Academy of Sciences to study the meteor s...

20. Morin, Jean-Baptiste (1583-1656)

Murdin, P.

2000-11-01

Doctor, alchemist and astrologer, born in Villefranche, Beaujolais, France, became professor of mathematics at the Collège Royal, published a defense of ARISTOTLE, attacked GALILEO, being convinced that the Earth was fixed in space. Morin proposed an impractical method to solve the longitude problem, based on measuring absolute time by the position of the Moon. He put the method in for a pri...

1. [Jean Oury, "I am a poumista"].

PubMed

Drogoul, Frank

2015-01-01

If being a poumista means considering that people disalienate themselves by revolutionising the world, being a poumista psychiatrist consists in taking into consideration psychological alienation and social alienation. Hence the importance of hospital committees and clubs, to give back to patients the status of a subject and to understand the question of hierarchy. The caregiver in psychiatry must bear in mind that one of the essential dimensions of their work is to "make do with" schizophrenic patients and that they must engage in everyday acts. PMID:26564490

2. Bailly, Jean Sylvain (1736-93)

Murdin, P.

2000-11-01

Astronomer and politician, born in Paris, studied Halley's comet and the satellites of Jupiter, wrote Histoire de l'Astronomie. Guillotined as the result of an incident when, as Mayor of Paris during the Revolution in 1789, he let the National Guard fire on republican crowds. Unfortunately not the only astronomer to be executed—see ARCHIMEDES, GIORDANO BRUNO, HYPATIA OF ALEXANDRIA, ULUGH BEG, who...

3. Jean Perrin and the Reorganization of Science.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Weart, Spencer

1979-01-01

Tells the story of how the efforts of a group of French scientists, dissatisfied with the bureaucratic organization of higher education, have made use of the shifting politics of the 1930s to set up the CNRS. (Author/GA)

4. Hair transplant

MedlinePlus

Hair restoration ... MR, Keene SA, Stough DB, Rogers NE. Hair restoration. In: Bolognia JL, Jorizzo JL, Schaffer JV, eds. ... Elsevier Saunders; 2012:chap 157. Fisher J. Hair restoration. In: Neligan PC, ed. Plastic Surgery . 3rd ed. ...

5. Xerosis

MedlinePlus

Asteatotic eczema; Eczema craquele ... Beiber T, Bussmann C. Atopic dermatitis. In: Bolognia JL, Jorizzo JL, Schaffer JV, et al, eds. Dermatology . 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Mosby; 2012:chap 12. Gilchrest ...

6. Fleas

MedlinePlus

Elston DM. Bites and stings. In: Bolognia JL, Jorizzo JL, Schaffer JV, et al, eds. Dermatology . 3rd ed. Philadelphia, ... 2009:chap 15. James WD, Berger TG, Elston DM. Parasitic infestations, stings, and bites. In: James WD, ...

7. WASTE MINIMIZATION ASSESSMENT FOR A MANUFACTURER OF PREWASHED JEANS

EPA Science Inventory

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has funded a pilot project to assist small and medium-size manufacturers who want to minimize their generation of waste but who lack the expertise to do so. In an effort to assist these manufacturers Waste Minimization Assessment Cen...

8. Improving the Geologic Time Scale (Jean Baptiste Lamarck Medal Lecture)

2010-05-01

The Geologic Time Scale (GTS) provides the framework for the physical, chemical and biological processes on Earth. The time scale is the tool "par excellence" of the geological trade, and insight in its construction, strength, and limitations enhances its function and its utility. Earth scientists should understand how time scales are constructed and its myriad of physical and abstract data are calibrated, rather than merely using ages plucked from a convenient chart or card. Calibration to linear time of the succession of events recorded in the rocks on Earth has three components: (1) the standard stratigraphic divisions and their correlation in the global rock record, (2) the means of measuring linear time or elapsed durations from the rock record, and (3) the methods of effectively joining the two scales, the stratigraphic one and the linear one. Under the auspices of the International Commission on Stratigraphy (ICS), the international stratigraphic divisions and their correlative events are now largely standardized, especially using the GSSP (Global Stratigraphic Section and Point) concept. The means of measuring linear time or elapsed durations from the rock record are objectives in the EARTH TIME and GTS NEXT projects, that also are educating a new generation of GTS dedicated scientists. The U/Pb, Ar/Ar and orbital tuning methods are intercalibrated, and external error analysis improved. Existing Ar/Ar ages become almost 0.5% older, and U/Pb ages stratigraphically more realistic. The new Os/Re method has potential for directly dating more GSSP's and its correlative events. Such may reduce scaling uncertainty between the sedimentary levels of an age date and that of a stage boundary. Since 1981, six successive Phanerozoic GTS have been published, each new one achieving higher resolution and more users. The next GTS is scheduled for 2011/2012, with over 50 specialists taking part. New chapters include an expanded planetary time scale, sequence stratigraphy, Osmium, Carbon and Oxygen stratigraphy, the Cryogenian period, history of the plants, hominid prehistory, and last but not least the Anthropocene. The Cambrian Period is radically improved with 10 standard stages and detailed trilobite biochronology. Ordovician now has a stable international stages and graptolites scale. The integration of a refined 100 and 400 ka sedimentary cycles scale and a truly high-resolution U/Pb ages scale for the Mississippian is a major step towards the global Carboniferous GTS. The Devonian GTS leaves to be desired with lack of firm definitions for its upper boundary, and the long Emsian stage; it also lacks age dates. Its stages scaling is disputed. The Rhaetian and Norian stages in the Triassic and the Berriasian stage in the Cretaceous urgently require lower boundary definitions, and also boundary age dates. The single ~400 ka eccentricity component is very stable and can extend orbital tuning from the Cenozoic well into the Mesozoic portion of the GTS. Jurassic and Cretaceous now have long orbitally tuned segments. A completely astronomical-tuned Geological Time Scale (AGTS) for the Cenozoic is within reach showing unprecedented accuracy, precision and resolution. Burdigalian in the Miocene, and Lutetian, Bartonian and Priabonian stages in the Eocene still require formal definition. The K/T boundary will become about 0.5 ± 0.1 Ma older. After 25 years of research and authorship in the GTS it behoves me to especially thank my colleagues James Ogg, Frits Agterberg, John McArthur and Roger Cooper for longstanding collaboration. As a final note I urge construction of more regional time scales(like developed ‘down under') calibrated to the standard global GTS, to scale regional rock units.

9. Jean Piaget: The Old Theory and the New.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Beilin, Harry

When Piaget ascribed the origin of knowledge to action, he distanced his theory from most other theories of the origins of mind. As a result, Piaget's conception of mental action has been quite controversial. Piaget's recent, functionalist revisions emphasize procedures and their role in the development of structures. In the new view, structures…

10. A Standards-Based Thematic Unit: "Jean de la Lune"

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Logan, Eileen; Magurn, Lisa; Schwester, Jennifer Applegate

1998-01-01

This unit was created as a result of a summer institute sponsored by the National K-12 Foreign Language Resource Center at Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa. The Center's goal is to improve student learning of foreign languages in kindergarten through twelfth grade (K-12). To this end, the Center provides professional support for foreign language…

11. How-to-Do-It: Green Jeans Horticulture.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Menger, Richard A.

1989-01-01

Describes an outdoor classroom curriculum project which was devised to accommodate students of average and below-average academic ability and provide them with practical horticultural experiences. Discusses funding, plant facilities, program, and resultant products. (RT)

12. Jean-Jacques Rousseau's views on adult education

Dame, Frederick William

1996-01-01

Although Rousseau describes in Émile only his scheme for childhood education, he presents us in this work with some direct statements which can be applied to explain more fully the nature of adult education. The author surveys Rousseau's ideas on the role of the general will in adult educational philosophy, subject matter, methodology and negative education, as well as the relationships between the family, student, teacher, community and the state. He concludes that the modern Rousseau would not limit education to males and would recognize that the four Rousseauian periods of educational development — infancy, childhood, youngster, adolescence — is followed by a fifth: adulthood. Adult education is the logical continuation of the four previous phases. Throughout each phase education must permit intellectual and moral growth and always allow for creativity and diversity. Only then can adults become positive contributors to their society.

13. Jean-Francois Lyotard and the Question of Disciplinary Legitimacy

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gietzen, Garett

2010-01-01

The modern university developed as an institution legitimated by external referents, including national culture and its emancipatory potential. Today's university, however, has been largely destabilized as these referents have become, at the very least, significantly less compelling relative to larger concerns about economic competitiveness and,…

14. Fascinating Plasma Structures (Jean Dominique Cassini Medal Lecture)

Haerendel, Gerhard

2010-05-01

In this lecture I will discuss three plasma realms, which have attracted my particular attention because of their fascinating observable fine structure and the complex underlying physics. The structure is, of course, owed to the pervading magnetic field. But it is in particular the role of magnetic tensions that will be highlighted. The three plasma phenomena are: (1) cometary plasma tails, where magnetic tensions transfer momentum from the solar wind under mass loading by the comet; (2) auroral arcs, which owe their energy influx to the release of magnetic shear stresses; and (3) solar prominences, in which cool plasma embedded in the hot corona is subject to a balance of magnetic shear stresses and gravity. The last subject is a recent topic of my research and still bears many secrets. Images and movies will be supplemented by brief characterizations of the key physical processes.

15. Jeans instability of a dusty plasma with dust charge variations

SciTech Connect

Hakimi Pajouh, H. Afshari, N.

2015-09-15

The effect of the dust charge variations on the stability of a self-gravitating dusty plasma has been theoretically investigated. The dispersion relation for the dust-acoustic waves in a self-gravitating dusty plasma is obtained. It is shown that the dust charge variations have significant effects. It increases the growth rate of instability and the instability cutoff wavenumbers. It is found that by increasing the value of the ions temperature and the absolute value of the equilibrium dust charge, the cutoff wavenumber decreases and the stability region is extended.

16. Jean-Martin Charcot at the birth of Russian neurology.

PubMed

Vein, Alla A

2011-01-01

Russian neurology was virtually nonexistent in the middle of the 19th century which made a traineeship abroad an absolute necessity. Charcot and his school did not just offer professional training, but created the best minds, which would determine the direction of neurology and psychiatry in Russia for many decades. After returning home, young Russian doctors not only implemented everything they had learned in Western Europe, but proceeded to make their own original contributions. The most talented pupils of Charcot, including such prominent names as Kozhevnikov, Korsakov, Minor, Bekhterev and Darkshevich, became the founders of neurological schools in Russia. They laid the basis for the further development of neurology and psychiatry. Remarkably, though trained by the same teachers, each of these future 'founding fathers' of these neurological and psychiatric schools followed his own individual path which resulted in an undeniable diversity in Russian neurology and psychiatry during the period of their formation. PMID:21252555

17. Boys and "Second Chance" Education: Same Jeans, Different Consequences.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the perceptions and interactions of disadvantaged young people returning to mainstream education through Street Kids Access Tertiary Education (SKATE), a university bridging program in Sydney, Australia. Although both males and females in the study shared common backgrounds of disadvantage, "second-chance" educational success…

18. Apport de l’écho-doppler artériel des membres inférieurs dans la prise en charge du pied diabétique à l'hôpital Saint-Jean de Dieu de Thiès (Sénégal)

PubMed Central

Dia, Aliou Amadou; Affangla, Désiré Alain; Dione, Jean-Michel; Akpo, Géraud; Mbengue, Marie; Ka, Mamadou Mourtalla; Diop, Bernard Marcel

2015-01-01

Introduction Le pied diabétique se définit comme l'ensemble des manifestations trophiques du pied survenant chez le diabétique par atteinte nerveuse, artérielle et ou infectieuse. Le pied diabétique est un problème majeur de santé publique à l’échelle mondiale avec un taux d'amputation de membres inférieurs très élevé. L’écho-doppler artériel des membres inférieurs est de nos jours incontournable dans la prise en charge du pied diabétique. Le but de cette étude est de montrer la place prépondérante qu'occupe l’écho-doppler artériel dans le bilan lésionnel du pied diabétique. Méthodes Nous avons mené une étude rétrospective monocentrique incluant 46 patients sur une période de 24 mois, de mars 2012 à mars 2014 à l'hôpital Saint-Jean de Dieu, un des deux hôpitaux de référence de la région de Thiès, doté depuis juillet 2011 d'un centre moderne de traitement du diabète et des maladies cardio-métaboliques (Diabcarmet). Dans les critères d'inclusion, nous avons sélectionné tous les patients diabétiques adressés pour un écho-doppler artériel des membres inférieurs dans le cadre d'une prise en charge du pied diabétique. Etaient exclus de l’étude, les patients artéritiques non-diabétiques et les patients diabétiques asymptomatiques référés pour un bilan écho-doppler de routine. Résultats Le sex-ratio était de 1.42 (27 hommes pour 19 femmes). L’âge moyen des patients était de 62,86 ans avec des extrêmes de 23 et 88 ans. 60% des patients (n=28) étaient âgés entre 50 et 70 ans. Le diabète de type 2 était retrouvé chez 95% des patients (n=44) alors que le diabète de type 1 représentait 5% (n=2). La moyenne d’évolution du diabète était estimée à 8 ans, avec des extrêmes de 2 et 20 ans. On notait une atteinte du pied droit chez 24 patients, une atteinte du pied gauche chez 18 patients et une atteinte bilatérale chez 4 patients. La plupart du temps, les lésions du pied diabétique survenaient

19. Scale-invariance of sediment patterns - the fingerprint of fundamental drivers (Jean Baptiste Lamarck Medal Lecture)

Schlager, Wolfgang

2015-04-01

In contrast to the realms of magmatism and metamorphism, most depositional processes can be observed directly at the earth's surface. Observation of sediment patterns advanced significantly with the advent of remote sensing and 3D reflection seismics. Remote sensing is particularly relevant for the present topic because it documents mainly Holocene sediments - the best objects to link depositional processes to products. Classic examples of scale-invariant geometry are channel-fan systems, i.e. river-delta and canyon-fan complexes. The underlying control in both instances is the energy-dispersion of a channeled stream of water that discharges in a body of still water. The resulting fan-shaped sediment accumulations are scale-invariant over 7 orders of magnitude in linear size. The Mesozoic-Cenozoic record shows comparable trends and patterns. Further examples of depositional scale-invariance include foresets of non-cohesive sediments and braided-channel deposits. Reefs and carbonate platforms offer an example of scale-invariance related to biotic growth. Shallow-water carbonate platforms rimmed by reefs or reef-rimmed atolls with deep lagoons are characteristic morphologies of tropical carbonate deposits. The structure has been compared to a bucket where stiff reef rims hold a pile of loose sediment. Remote sensing data from the Maldive, Chagos and Laccadive archipelagos of the Indian Ocean show that bucket structures are the dominant depositional pattern from meter-size reefs to archipelagos of hundreds of kilometers in diameter, i.e. over more than 4 orders of magnitude in linear size. Over 2.5 orders of magnitude, the bucket structures qualify as statistical fractals. Ecologic and hydrodynamic studies on modern reefs suggest that the bucket structure is a form of biotic self-organization: The edge position in a reef is favored over the center position because bottom shear is higher and the diffusive boundary layer between reef and water thinner. Thus, the reef edge has easier access to nutrients. Moreover, the edge is less likely to be buried by sediment. The bucket structure is an ecologic response to these conditions. Buckets have been documented from all periods of the Phanerozoic and analogous structures from the late Proterozoic show that the microbial carbonate factory also built buckets. We conclude that a voyage through scales in the sediment realm reveals islands of scale-invariance wherever a single principle dominates the sedimentation process.

20. ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH BRIEF: WASTE MINIMIZATION FOR A MANUFACTURER OF PRE-WASHED JEANS

EPA Science Inventory

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has funded a pilot project to assist small and medium-size manufacturers who want to minimize their generation of waste but who lack the expertise to do so. n an effort to assist these manufacturers Waste Minimization Assessment Cent...

1. Genes and/or jeans?: Genetic and socio-cultural contributions to risk for eating disorders.

PubMed

Becker, Anne E; Keel, Pamela; Anderson-Fye, Eileen P; Thomas, Jennifer J

2004-01-01

Eating disorders are prevalent among young adult females and pose serious psychological and medical risks. Notwithstanding important advances, efforts to develop effective means of preventing and treating eating disorders have been limited by an incomplete understanding of their multifactorial etiology. Whereas epidemiologic data strongly suggest the influence of socio-cultural context in moderating risk, many hypotheses about how these effects are exerted have remained empirically unevaluated. Specifically, experimental and observational data suggest that social transition (e.g., transnational migration, urbanization, modernization), Western media exposure, and certain peer environments (involving social comparison and teasing) may all contribute to risk. With respect to genetic influences on etiology, family and twin studies have supported a genetic diathesis to eating disorders. Whereas, molecular genetic studies have generated interesting leads- with the most promising findings emerging for genes related to the function of serotonin-they have yet to identify well-replicated susceptibility loci. This paper reviews the data supporting both socio-cultural and genetic contributions for eating disorders and suggests productive future strategies for continuing to unravel their likely multiple and complex interactions. PMID:15256346

2. "Days of future passed" - climate change and carbon cycle history (Jean Baptiste Lamarck Medal Lecture)

Weissert, Helmut

2013-04-01

With the beginning of the fossil fuel age in the 19th century mankind has become an important geological agent on a global scale. For the first time in human history action of man has an impact on global biogeochemical cycles. Increasing CO2 concentrations will result in a perturbation of global carbon cycling coupled with climate change. Investigations of past changes in carbon cycling and in climate will improve our predictions of future climate. Increasing atmospheric CO2 concentrations will drive climate into a mode of operation, which may resemble climate conditions in the deep geological past. Pliocene climate will give insight into 400ppm world with higher global sea level than today. Doubling of pre-industrial atmospheric CO2 levels will shift the climate system into a state resembling greenhouse climate in the Early Cenozoic or even in the Cretaceous. Carbon isotope geochemistry serves as tool for tracing the pathway of the carbon cycle through geological time. Globally registered negative C-isotope anomalies in the C-isotope record are interpreted as signatures of rapid addition (103 to a few 104 years) of CO2 to the ocean-atmosphere system. Positive C-isotope excursions following negative spikes record the slow post-perturbation recovery of the biosphere at time scales of 105 to 106 years. Duration of C-cycle perturbations in earth history cannot be directly compared with rapid perturbation characterizing the Anthropocene. However, the investigation of greenhouse pulses in the geological past provides insight into different climate states, it allows to identify tipping points in past climate systems and it offers the opportunity to learn about response reactions of the biosphere to rapid changes in global carbon cycling. Sudden injection of massive amounts of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere is recorded in C-isotope record of the Early Cretaceous. The Aptian carbon cycle perturbation triggered changes in temperature and in global hydrological cycling. Changes in physical and chemical oceanography are reflected in widespread black shale deposition ("Oceanic Anoxic Event 1a"), in carbonate platform drowning and in biocalcification crises. "Days of future passed" (Moody Blues, 1967) reminds us that the past provides essential information needed for decisions to be made in the interest of mankind's future.

3. Canadian support for population stabilization. The Rome draft Plan of Action. Dr. Jean Augustine, MP (Canada).

PubMed

1996-01-01

Canada strongly believes in the central role to be played by the civil sector in the process leading to the World Food Summit. Dr. Augustine, Member of Parliament of Canada, described how the Canadian Government involved 350 national organizations over an eight-month period in the creation of the country's official position on food security. Canada has also negotiated with several other countries and international organizations on issues such as trade, human rights, the right to food, and follow-up to the Plan of Action. Dr. Augustine summarized Canada's 18 priorities for the World Food Summit. The priorities include human rights and good governance; poverty reduction; peace, security and conflict resolution; national responsibility for food security; national and global partnerships; nutrition and health; human resource development; gender equity; population stabilization; trade liberalization; agricultural adjustment to international markets; post-harvest marketing and food marketing; the role of the private sector; capacity building; environment and sustainable production; and research and technology transfer. PMID:12292041

4. Discovering habitable environments and life in the Saturn System (Jean Dominique Cassini Medal Lecture)

Lunine, Jonathan I.

2015-04-01

One of the most notable scientific adventures of our time is being conducted jointly by Europe and the United States around the solar system's great ringed planet, Saturn. The Cassini-Huygens mission arrived in orbit in 2004, and the Huygens probe descended through Titan's atmosphere in January 2005. Titan's surface has been found to host a rich and still-enigmatic methane cycle, complete with lakes, seas, rivers and rain. Enceladus is jetting its interior volatiles into space, where the Cassini Orbiter detected and measured a number of species within the resulting plume. These include water, organic molecules, nitrogen compounds, and salts. Cassini radio science detected the presence within both Enceladus and Titan of internal water oceans. Variability with orbital phase of the Enceladus plume, also discovered by the Cassini Orbiter, makes a convincing case for the jets themselves being derived from the deep interior and controlled by tidal forces. Both Enceladus and Titan host potentially habitable environments, and they represent unique opportunities for testing whether either or both of these bodies harbor life. Titan's interior will be difficult to access, but its large surface hydrocarbon seas can be explored in situ with Huygens-like vehicles. The Cassini Orbiter determined the liquid in Titan's seas to be methane and ethane, which raises the question of whether simple chemistry can evolve into autocatalysis and self-replication in a non-aqueous liquid environment. In effect, is there an exotic kind of "life" in the Titan seas? Enceladus is perhaps more straightforward: given that the interior water ocean as expressed through the plume appears to satisfy the formal requirements for habitability, is biological activity occurring there? Answering these questions will require a new generation of robotic vehicles beyond Cassini-Huygens -- and new opportunities for international collaborations in planetary exploration.

5. [JEAN EMMANUEL GILIBERT AND FRENCH SCIENTISTS IN POLAND AND LITHUANIA IN 1770-1780].

PubMed

Beauvois, Daniel

2015-01-01

The author is trying to remind us of great role of French culture and French people in spreading the ideas of Enlightenment in Poland. Common use of French language in high societies in 18th century and excellent knowledge of books from Paris created favourite conditions for contacts of Poland with France. The best evidence of common culture of Enlightenment was the Commission of National Education (KEN) and the deep social changes. The direct contacts of French thinkers, writers and scientists with Poland also caused the changes of horizons of aristocracy and gentry. We will remind the main animators of this movement followed A. Jobert. J.E. Gilibert takes a very important place among the animators of Enlightenment. Author intends to present the phases of knowing him, generally mentioning the main conclusions of many research on Gilibert. At the same time author leaves to next speakers a detailed analyze of Gilbert's contribution to the development of Polish science. PMID:26445742

6. The Constructivist Epistemology of Jean Piaget: Its Philosophical Roots and Relevance to Science Teaching and Learning.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Staver, John R.

The goal of this paper is to sketch the epistemological roots of constructivism, to clarify certain implications of Piaget's constructivist theory for science education, and to explicate the issues surrounding a specific research study and its replication. Constructivist epistemology is described in terms of its emergence from rationalist,…

7. Reflections to Jean-Marie, Normore, and Brooks' Article within the Context of Korean Education

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seong, Sang-Hwan; Shin, Jung Cheol; Ilon, Lynn

2009-01-01

With respect to leadership for social justice in education, Korea needs to take a proactive approach to support the development of an educational infrastructure for a multicultural society. The testing culture of education within Korea also needs to be considered with social justice consequences in mind. Through these measures, Korea can…

8. Jean-Jacques Is Alive and Well: Rousseau and Contemporary Sociobiology

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Masters, Roger D.

1978-01-01

A description of the author's personal fascination with and study of Rousseau's life. Discusses Rousseau's many questions that are relevant to evolutionary biology, sociobiology, anthropology, and ethology. Questions concern the nature of human nature, the origin of human society, nurture-nature influences on humans, and the nature of male-female…

9. Jean-Martin Charcot and his vibratory chair for Parkinson disease.

PubMed

Goetz, Christopher G

2009-08-11

Vibration therapy is currently used in diverse medical specialties ranging from orthopedics to urology to sports medicine. The celebrated 19th-century neurologist, J.-M. Charcot, used vibratory therapy to treat Parkinson disease (PD). This study analyzed printed writings by Charcot and other writers on vibratory therapy and accessed unpublished notes from the Salpêtrière Hospital, Paris. Charcot lectured on several occasions on vibratory therapy and its neurologic applications. He developed a vibration chair for patients with PD after he observed that patients were more comfortable and slept better after a train or carriage ride. He replicated this experience by having patients undergo daily 30-minute sessions in the automated vibratory chair (fauteuil trépidant). His junior colleague, Gilles de la Tourette, extended these observations and developed a helmet that vibrated the head on the premise that the brain responded directly to the pulsations. Although after Charcot's death vibratory therapy was not widely pursued, vibratory appliances are reemerging in 21st century medicine and can be retested using adaptations of Charcot's neurologic protocols. PMID:19667323

10. "I Knew Jean-Paul Sartre": Philosophy of Education as Comedy

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Griffiths, Morwenna; Peters, Michael A.

2014-01-01

Ludwig Wittgenstein suggests that "A serious and good philosophical work could be written consisting entirely of jokes". The idea for this dialogue comes from a conversation that Michael Peters and Morwenna Griffiths had at the Philosophy of Education of Great Britain annual meeting at the University of Oxford, 2011. It was sparked by an…

11. On Agency and Structure: Pierre Bourdieu and Jean-Claude Passeron's Theory of Symbolic Violence.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lakomski, Gabriele

1984-01-01

The theory of symbolic violence, a structuralist theory of socialization and reproduction of social inequality, is analyzed and criticized as insinuating a radical stance while hiding its objectivist nature and defeatist assumptions. The central concepts of power, power relations, habitus, and the term "arbitrary" are discussed. (MJL)

12. Jean Mace and the Fight for Public Education in Nineteenth Century France

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Johnston, J. Richard

1972-01-01

The large part played in French social reform by John Mace in implementing compulsory public education was congruent with his belief in the democratic principles of the French Revolution. These principles held that the whole store of human knowledge was a legacy everyone should share; and that the function of education was to bring the cultural…

13. A path to the detection of Earth-type planets (Jean Dominique Cassini Medal Lecture)

Mayor, Michel

2016-04-01

"How many planets in the Milky Way?", "How many planets similar to our Earth?" On the last twenty years, significant results have been obtained in the domain of extrasolar planets. More than two thousand planets have characterized orbits, for several hundred of them their radii are known. We have discovered an amazing diversity of planetary systems. These observations have revealed the importance of new physical process to be taken into account for the formation and evolution of planetary systems. The synergy between ground-based radial velocity measurements and the detection of transiting planets have permitted exciting possibilities to characterize planets. Already we have the possibility to get clues on the internal composition of exoplanets and their atmosphere. Do we have the instrumental capabilities to detect and study planets as Earth analogues? What are the intruments in development and their scientific goals.

14. Cassini, Gian Domenico [Giovanni Domenico; Jean Dominique; known as Cassini I] (1625-1712)

Murdin, P.

2000-11-01

Italian-born French astronomer, born in Perinaldo, near Naples. Attracted to astrology in his youth, became Professor at Bologna, during which time he conducted hydrological studies for the Pope to mitigate flooding of the River Po. In 1669 Cassini moved to France and set up the Paris Observatory, remaining director for the rest of his career. He pushed continually for the observatory to acquire ...

15. Cassini, Jean-Dominique [known as Cassini IV] (1748-1845)

Murdin, P.

2000-11-01

Astronomer, born at the Paris Observatory, great-grandson of the first director, grandson of the second, son of the third and himself the fourth, assuming the responsibilities of the directorship during the decline of his father, and the directorship itself in 1784. Persuaded King Louis XVI to restore the observatory, but the French Revolution occurred and Cassini, a monarchist, bitterly opposed ...

16. Enseignement et analyse de discours: Un rendez-vous prometteur. Entretien avec Sophie Moirand et Jean Peytard (Teaching and Discourse Analysis: A Promising Meeting. Interview with Sophie Moirand and Jean Peytard).

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pecheur, Jacques

1992-01-01

The authors of a new book on the relationship of discourse and French language instruction, bringing different language backgrounds and professional perspectives to the issue of language teaching theory and practice, are interviewed. Discussion focuses on the role of discourse analysis in language teaching. (MSE)

17. Continuing Education of Civics Teachers for Teaching the European Union: Results of the Jean Monnet Project PEB

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Oberle, Monika; Forstmann, Johanna

2015-01-01

The European dimension is of salient importance for understanding and shaping politics especially, but not only, in Europe. The European Union by now has become a compulsory content of civics classes in secondary schools throughout Germany. For teachers, however, teaching this topic is connected with manifold difficulties, for example, due to the…

18. The Framing of Calvin Klein: A Frame Analysis of Media Discourse about the August 1995 Calvin Klein Jeans Advertising Campaign.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tucker, Lauren R.

1998-01-01

Deconstructs the "kiddie porn" media frame used by the industry and mainstream media to characterize Klein's ad campaign. Extends scholarship on the construction of youth in the media, showing how the kiddie-porn frame produces and reproduces common-sense beliefs about the nature of youth. Suggests a metadiscourse encompassing the politicized…

19. Map of risks for the implementation of radio-frequency identification: application of ancillaries in the University Hospital Jean Verdier.

PubMed

Bertrand, E; Schlatter, J

2010-01-01

Ancillaries are surgical instruments, such as orthopedical instruments set for reconstruction of knee (a mounting arm...) used to implant or extract prosthesis. Their management involves the departments of sterilization and surgery as well as the suppliers. Such a long circuit exposes the instruments to potential risk hazards like a lack of traceability as the suspicion of Creutzfeldt-Jakob. In order to reduce the risk of errors we will propose the implementation of radio-frequency identification (RFID) to trace the ancillaries during each step of the supply chain. The objective of our study is to analyze and to map the risks associated with RFID implementation. A preliminary analysis of risks (APR) is conducted to map out the hazards for the implementation of RFID. The APR identifies 162 scenarios with a maximum risk connected to environment and technology. To reduce the risks identified, 22 courses of action are proposed, such as audits, training, and internal controls. For each action, a procedure has been designed and evaluated. This preliminary analysis of risks allows targeting the potential dangers for the RFID implementation applied to ancillaries and reduces them significantly. PMID:20187581

20. View from the other side: an interview with a pharmacist-surveyor. Interview with Jean Farley, RPh.

PubMed

Martin, Caren McHenry

2008-07-01

Skilled nursing facilities are subject to an annual survey by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services to ensure that the facility meets standards set in the State Operations Manual. While the survey team often includes nurses and social workers, some states also have pharmacists as surveyors. This unique practice setting, as explained by a pharmacist-surveyor in North Carolina, allows pharmacists to bring their clinical expertise to the regulatory arena to help nursing facilities provide the highest level of care to their elderly residents. PMID:18764670

1. Will the Real Jean Piaget Please Stand Up; A Critique of Three Piaget-Based Curricula, and a Rejoinder.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kaufman, Barry A.; Banet, Bernard

The relationship between Piagetian theory and its application in three early childhood programs is discussed in two papers with differing points of view. The first paper discusses Piaget's epistemology and presents a critical analysis of the three programs, concluding that only one of them is consistent with Piaget's epistemology. A rejoinder,…

2. Will the Real Jean Piaget Please Stand Up: An Epistemological Critique of Three Piaget-Based Early Childhood Curricula.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kaufman, Barry A.

This critique of three Piaget-based curricula presents the argument that it is essential for early childhood educators to distinguish between the actual contributions of Piaget in regard to specific epistemological questions and the way these contributions have been reinterpreted to provide a basis for early childhood curriculum reform. The…

3. A resolution designating Jean M. Manning as Chief Counsel for Employment Emeritus of the United States Senate.

THOMAS, 113th Congress

Sen. Reid, Harry [D-NV

2014-03-13

03/13/2014 Submitted in the Senate, considered, and agreed to without amendment and with a preamble by Unanimous Consent. (consideration: CR S1669; text as passed Senate: CR S1664) (All Actions) Tracker: This bill has the status Passed SenateHere are the steps for Status of Legislation:

4. Between doctrine and clinical practice: nosography and semiology in the work of Jean-Etienne-Dominique Esquirol (1772-1840).

PubMed

Huertas, Rafael

2008-06-01

This paper makes a fresh analysis of the work of the French alienist J. E. D. Esquirol. In addition to a critical study of his classification of mental diseases, it analyses his main contributions to semiology: the difference between hallucinations and illusions, etc., and it also places the psychiatric clinic into the context of the so-called anatomoclinical mentality. PMID:19127835

5. The quest for discovery of planetary radiation belts: From Explorer 1 to MESSENGER (Jean Dominique Cassini Medal Lecture)

Krimigis, Stamatios M.

2014-05-01

May 1, 1958 was an exciting time in the Great Hall of the US National Academy of Sciences. An announcement was made that the Earth possessed radiation belts at high altitudes with intensities thousands of times greater than those of galactic cosmic rays (GCR) that were known to penetrate the atmosphere and produce secondaries detectable at ground level. The leading scientist at the time was James A. Van Allen, head of the Physics Department at the University of Iowa, who instrumented Explorer-1 and follow-on satellites with radiation detectors, and the press labeled the doughnut-shaped structures Van Allen Belts. Once the basic properties of what was subsequently named Earth' s Magnetosphere were established, the quest began to search for Van Allen Belts at other nearby planets, namely Venus and Mars. Mariner 2 was launched to Venus in 1962, but did not have radiation detectors, although a plasma instrument was used to firmly establish the properties of the solar wind. The Mariner 4 mission to Mars was properly instrumented and expectations were high that radiation belts were likely to be present. No planet-associated increase in radiation was measured, however, but use of scaling arguments with Earth' s magnetosphere established an upper limit to the ratio of magnetic moments of MM/ME

6. Marguerite Bottard (1822-1906), nurse under Jean-Martin Charcot, portrayed by G. Gilles de la Tourette.

PubMed

Walusinski, Olivier

2011-01-01

Hospitals in Paris underwent considerable change at the end of the 19th century. As they moved from providing accommodation to care, their mission shifted from helping to healing. The glorification of scientific progress, as opposed to religious obscurantism, affected all of French 'Republican' society, in particular a significant part of the medical profession, led by figures such as D.M. Bourneville, former interne (house officer) under J.M. Charcot and also his publisher. Bourneville helped bring about the creation of nursing schools and the gradual replacement of religious orders by educated secular nurses. Marguerite Bottard, Charcot's chief nurse made famous by A. Brouillet's painting 'Une leçon clinique à La Salpêtrière', would be glorified and decorated as a model for this movement. A letter by G. Gilles de la Tourette to Charcot's successor F. Raymond, never before published, illustrates this progressive current of thought and revisits the struggle to secularise hospitals under the Third Republic in France. At the same time, it renews interest in the exemplary career of a nurse whose name was recently given to a building at La Salpêtrière Hospital. PMID:21487229

7. Contributions to the history of psychology: LXXXV. Jean Piaget, student of Pierre Janet (Paris 1919-1921).

PubMed

Amann-Gainotti, M

1992-06-01

This article provides information about an important period of Piaget's formative years, those he spent in Paris from 1919 to 1921, during which he came into contact with eminent members of the French scientific and philosophical community of the time. Among these was the psychiatrist and psychologist Pierre Janet, whose genetic approach to the psychology of behaviour and ideas about the hierarchical organization of psychological functions converged with Piaget's early scientific interests and provided Piaget a conceptual framework within which to work and develop his own project of studying the genesis of knowledge. PMID:1501961

8. Getting It Wrong from the Beginning: Our Progressivist Inheritance from Herbert Spencer, John Dewey, and Jean Piaget.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Egan, Kieran

This book sets out to prove that the progressivist tenets that have become the foundation of American education are mistaken. The author does not argue against progressivism on the basis of the usual alternatives of liberal or traditional theories of education because it is not adequately attuned to preparing students for jobs. The author sets out…

9. [Management of patients at the Saint-Jean de Jérusalem hospital in the 12th Century].

PubMed

Monier, Caroline

2010-01-01

The Order of the Hospital Saint John of Jerusalem founded in the Holy Land on the 15th February 1113 was devoted to give the pilgrims board and lodging. Since 1125 the Hospitaliers took in sick and ensured supplies and cares for them as they recruited physicians and surgeons. A hierarchical organization lasted during the 13th century until the fall of Acre and the loss of the Holy Land. The author describes the day of a patient in this lazaret during the years of 1177 to 1187. PMID:21598560

10. Geochemical and isotopic record of anthropogenic activities - Thematic issue dedicated to Jean Carignan (1965-2012). Part 2: Traditional and non-traditional stable isotopes

Chabaux, François; Sonke, Jeroen E.; Négrel, Philippe; Cloquet, Christophe

2015-11-01

The second volume of the thematic issue of C. R. Geoscience on the "Geochemical and isotopic approaches developed for tracing the impacts of anthropogenic activity on the environment" is devoted to the approaches based on the use and development of stable isotopes to describe the functioning of ecosystems and hydrosystems as well as their perturbation by anthropogenic activities. This volume is comprised of nine papers, including papers on both traditional isotopes (C, H, O, N, S) and the so-called "new stable isotopes".

11. Implications in the Theories of Lev Vygotsky, Jean Piaget, George Kelly and Erik Erikson for the Assessment of Instruction in College Reading.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chaplin, Miriam Thomas

The interpretation a mature reader gleans from written language is a reflection of his linguistic, cognitive, emotional, and experiential level. In providing adequate instruction, therefore, instructors must be knowledgeable about the developmental sequences characteristic of each of these domains. The theories of L.S. Vygotsky, George Kelly, Jean…

12. High-resolution facies analysis and sequence stratigraphy of fluvio-deltaic depositional systems in tectonically-active basins (Jean Baptiste Lamarck Medal)

Mutti, E.

2012-04-01

In ancient tectonically-active basins fed by relatively small and high-gradient rivers, both marine and lacustrine fluvio-deltaic systems display similar vertical stacking patterns which are primarily controlled by high-frequency variations of sediment flux to the basin. These variations are superimposed over higher-order cycles of tectonic uplift and relative quiescence recorded by changes in the source areas, basin configuration and overall style of sedimentation.Spectacular examples of these cyclically stacked successions crop out in the upper Cretaceous and Paleogene deposits of the south-central Pyrenean foreland basin. Similar stacking patterns are also common in other basins (e.g., the Jurassic-Cretaceous Nequen basin, Argentina and the Tertiary Piedmont Basin, northwestern Italy). Sediment flux to the sea controls the high-frequency stacking pattern of ancient fluvio-deltaic depositional systems through cyclic variations in flow efficiency which is mainly a function of the magnitude and sediment concentration of river outflows during floods. These variations result in periods of inertia- and friction-dominated jet flows followed by periods during which fluvial activity dramatically decreases. These cyclic variations, which are ultimately controlled by climate and baselevelchanges (Milankowitch cycles), are recorded by m- to dam-thick facies successions that can be interpreted as the basic "building block" (in sequence-stratigraphic parlance) of larger-scale depositional sequences. Inertia-dominated periods are characterized by large-volume highly erosive hyperpycnal flows typically containing abundant skeletal debris and mudstone clasts. These flows bypass river mouths and carry sand tonearshore and shelfal regions forming m-thick packets of tabular graded sandstone beds with HCS alternating with muddier facies. These sandstones, which extend up to several km in shelfal regions and grade distally into prodeltaic sediments, are a typical and volumetrically dominant deltaic element herein referred to as "flood-generated delta-front sandstone lobes". Their facies tracts closely resemble those observed in deep-water turbidites. Unfortunately, because of the presence of HCS, these shallow-marine sediment gravity flow deposits have been and are still commonly mistaken in most literature for "storm-dominated" shoreface deposits. Friction-dominated periods are expressed by mouth-bar progradation produced by river outflows of limited volume and efficiency that dissipate their energy at river mouths and are thus able to carry seaward only their fine-grained sediment load through buoyant plumes and dilute hyperpycnal flows. When rivers dramatically decrease their activity, fluvio-deltaic systems aggrade through marine mudstone facies that pass landward into flood-plain mudstones with paleosols. Marine diffusion processes are restricted to local tidal reworking that occurs in river mouth regions and, more extensively, in large estuaries where fluvial processes mix with strong tidal action during early periods of base-level rise. Following decreased river activity, carbonate deposition may locally occur forming generally thin units at the top of fluvio-deltaic sandstones. Several problems arise as to the sequence stratigraphic interpretation of these fluvio-deltaic systems and their cyclic stacking patterns. In particular, these problems concern the significance of the "shoreface" and "parasequence" concepts that can be misleading if not viewed within a robust framework of stratigraphic and faciesconstraints.

13. [The Anatomy Institutions of Jean Guinter d'Andernach (1487-1574), and André Vésale (1514-1564). ].

PubMed

Drizenko, Antoine

2011-01-01

The text of the Anatomical Institutions of Johann Guinter von Andernach, in its original version, was published almost simultaneously in Paris and Basel in 1536. Guinter was then in his fiftieth year, and Andreas Vesalius who was his student in Paris between 1533 ans 1536, was only twenty-two years old. His studies being finished in Leuven and his thesis being published for the first edition in Leuven in February 1537, and for the second in Basel in March 1537, Vesalius went to Padua where he was named professor of anatomy and surgery. Vesalius, besides the reasons put forward in his dedicatory lettre to Johann Armenterianus, tried to have rapidly printed documents for his students. He published in this way in April 1538 the engraved version of the great plates which he had mostly drawn and used to support his demonstrations during sessions of dissection. For the accompanying text, he choosed the handbook of his Master Guinter von Andernach which he decided to edit incorporating modifications and which he published in Venice in 1538 by D. Bernardinus. The modifications made by Vesalius on the Guinter's text can be classified in several headings: minor adjustments, additions of anatomical comments, additions corroborating traditional physiology, and anecdotes peppering the text. PMID:22400471

14. Geochemical and isotopic record of anthropogenic activities - Thematic issue dedicated to Jean Carignan (1965-2012). Part 1: Radiogenic isotopes and elemental geochemistry

Chabaux, François; Sonke, Jeroen E.; Négrel, Philippe; Cloquet, Christophe

2015-09-01

Anthropogenic activities are today one of the major factors controlling the evolution of our environment with major consequences on all Earth surface compartments: atmosphere, oceans, continents and biosphere. Such consequences accelerated with the industrial revolution, but probably started much earlier as they are related to the demographic evolution and the settlement of various human communities during the last millennia. They are presently reaching unequal effects all over the globe.

15. The Mediterranean Plio-Pleistocene: A reference frame for astronomically paced low and high latitude climate changes (Jean Baptiste Lamarck Medal Lecture)

Lourens, Lucas

2016-04-01

The astronomical theory of climate has revolutionized our understanding of past climate change and the development of highly accurate geologic time scales for the entire Cenozoic. Most of this understanding has started with the construction of high-resolution stable oxygen isotope (18O) records from planktonic and benthic foraminifera of open ocean deep marine sediments explored by the international drilling operations of DSDP, ODP and IODP. These efforts culminated into global ocean isotopic stacked records, which give a clear picture of the evolution of the climate state through time. Fundamental for these reconstructions are the assumptions made between the astronomical forcing and the tuned time series and the accuracy of the astronomical solution. In the past decades, an astronomically calibrated time scale for the Pliocene and Pleistocene of the Mediterranean has been developed, which has become the reference for the standard Geologic Time Scale. Characteristic of the studied marine sediments are the cyclic lithological alternations, reflecting the interference between obliquity and precession-paced low latitude climate variability. These interference patterns allowed to evaluate the accuracy of astronomical solutions and to constrain the dynamical ellipticity of the Earth and tidal dissipation by the Sun and the Moon, which in turn provided the backbone for the widely applied LR04 open ocean benthic isotope stack of the past 5 Myr. So far, the assumed time lags between orbital forcing and the global climate response as reflected in LR04 have not been tested, while these assumptions hark back to SPECMAP, using simple ice sheet models and a limited number of radiometric dates. In addition, LR04 adopted a shorter response time for the smaller ice caps during the Pliocene. Here I present the first benthic 18O record of the Mediterranean reference scale, which strikingly mirrors the LR04. I will use this record to discuss the assumed phase relations and its potential to constrain global sea level changes and their cause over the past 5.3 million years.

16. Aliiglaciecola aliphaticivorans sp. nov., an aliphatic hydrocarbon-degrading bacterium, isolated from a sea-tidal flat and emended description of the genus Aliiglaciecola Jean et al. 2013.

PubMed

Jin, Hyun Mi; Jeong, Hye Im; Jeon, Che Ok

2015-05-01

A Gram-stain-negative heterotrophic bacterium, designated GSD6(T), capable of growth on aliphatic hydrocarbons as a sole carbon and energy source, was isolated from sea-tidal flat sediment of the Yellow Sea, South Korea. Cells were facultatively aerobic, catalase- and oxidase-positive, motile rods with a single polar flagellum. Growth of strain GSD6(T) was observed at 4-37 °C (optimum 30 °C), at pH 5.5-9.0 (optimum pH 6.5-7.5) and in the presence of 1-9% (w/v) NaCl (optimum 2%). Strain GSD6(T) contained ubiquinone-8 (Q-8) as the sole isoprenoid quinone and summed feature 3 (comprising C16 : 1ω7c and/or iso-C15 : 0 2-OH), C16 : 0, C18 : 1ω7c, C17  : 0 10-methyl and C17 : 1ω8c as the major fatty acids. Phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol were identified as the major polar lipids. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 44.6 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain GSD6(T) formed a phylogenetic lineage with members of the genus Aliiglaciecola . Strain GSD6(T) was most closely related to Aliiglaciecola lipolytica E3(T) with a 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 97.4%, but their DNA-DNA hybridization value was 39.1 ± 7.1%. On the basis of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and molecular features, strain GSD6(T) represents a novel species of the genus Aliiglaciecola , for which the name Aliiglaciecola aliphaticivorans sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is GSD6(T) ( =KACC 18129(T) =JCM 30133(T)). An emended description of the genus Aliiglaciecola is also proposed. PMID:25713045

17. Reflections on the use of the concept of plasticity in neurobiology. Translation and adaptation by Bruno Will, John Dalrymple-Alford, Mathieu Wolff and Jean-Christophe Cassel from J. Paillard, J Psychol 1976;1:33-47.

PubMed

Will, Bruno; Dalrymple-Alford, John; Wolff, Mathieu; Cassel, Jean-Christophe

2008-09-01

After having underlined the ambiguities of the concept of plasticity and the dangers of its purely metaphoric use in neurobiology, it is suggested that we return to a more precise definition of the structure, the operating principles and the function of the "systemic" unit or "integron" relevant to the particular level of analysis in question. Any change can then be described as a modification of function, a change in the operation principles, or an alteration of the material structure of the system. It is suggested that the term plastic should be restricted to describing, among the possible variations in the operating principles or the function of a given system, any lasting alteration of the connectivity network of the system under the influence of an external force or environmental constraint. Therefore, systematic or random variations of performance, functional flexibility or the vicarious(1) processes or strategies that can be found in a rigidly wired system are not justified examples of plasticity. PMID:18222007

18. "The Clouds Are Alive because They Fly in the Air as if They Were Birds": A Re-Analysis of What Children Say and Mean in Clinical Interviews in the Work of Jean Piaget

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pramling, Niklas

2006-01-01

This article is about the contributions children make in clinical interviews. This issue is studied by re-analysing a selection of the empirical excerpts used by Piaget in his seminal book The Child's Conception of the World. The focus is on how children use language non-literally, and especially on how they use meta-communicative markers ("as…

19. Stendhal: A Collection of Critical Essays. Twentieth Century Views Series.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Brombert, Victor, Ed.

One of a series of works aimed at presenting contemporary critical opinion on major authors, this collection includes essays by Victor Brombert, Martin Turnell, Erich Auerbach, Jean Prevost, Raymond Giraud, Irving Howe, Judd D. Hubert, Leon Blum, Jean Starobinski, Jean-Pierre Richard, and Simone de Beauvoir--all dealing with the biography and…

20. 75 FR 6398 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

2010-02-09

..., Rhett N. Willis, President/CEO, (Qualifying Individual), Richard E. Carter, Chairman. H T International..., COO, (Qualifying Individual), Jean Jacques Lalou, CEO. Geevee Enterprises Inc. dba Aerosend, 245...

1. A Piagetian Constructivist Perspective on Curriculum Development.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

London, Clement B. G.

1990-01-01

Focuses specifically on Jean Piaget's theory of development. Examines Piaget's ideas about constructivism and explores the application of this theoretical perspective to the conceptualization of curriculum development. (MG)

2. Twins reunited: scientific and personal perspectives/twin research studies: multiple birth effects on IQ and body size; life style, muscles, and metabolism; monochorionic dizygotic twin with blood chimerism; amniocentesis for twins/twins in the media: identical doctors; freedom fighter for twins; twin scholarships; Auguste and Jean-Felix Piccard; twins born apart.

PubMed

Segal, Nancy L; Mulligan, Christy A

2014-04-01

A reunion of 38-year-old female monozygotic twins took place in Daegu, South Korea, on January 14, 2014. Scientific and personal perspectives on this extraordinary event are provided. A review of timely twin research follows, covering the effects of multiple births on IQ and body size, lifestyle and physical fitness associations, a rare case of a dizygotic twin with blood chimerism and definitional issues surrounding amniocentesis-related loss in multiple birth pregnancies. Interesting and informative mention of twins in the media includes twin doctors, a twin freedom fighter, the availability of college scholarships for twins, a new book about the Piccard family (two of whose members were twins), and co-twins born before and after the new year. A follow-up to a previous mention of identical twin biatheletes is also provided. PMID:24589452

3. The Long and the Short of It: Telescopes of the Seventeenth Century

Rudd, M. Eugene

An historical review of telescope makers and users, and the state of telescopes in the 1600s. Mentioned are: Jean Dominique Cassini, Hans Lippershey, Galileo, Johannes Kepler, Scheiner, Francesco Fontana, Evangelista Torricelli, Eustachio Divini, William Gascoigne, Adrien Auzout, Jean Picard, Christian Huygens, Johannes Hevelius, Edmund Halley, and Isaac Newton.

4. Improving Food Safety by Understanding the Evolution of Egg-contaminating Salmonella Enteritidis

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Improving Food Safety by Understanding the Evolution of Egg-contaminating Salmonella Enteritidis Jean Guard, Veterinary Medical Officer U. S. Department of Agriculture, Athens, GA USA (jean.guard@ars.usda.gov) The curious case of egg contamination by Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis S. ...

5. Topics in Cognitive Development: Language and Operational Thought. Volume 2.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presseisen, Barbara Z.; And Others

This is the second volume in a series that records the official Symposium Proceedings of the Jean Piaget Society and examines the theoretical, empirical, and applied aspects of Jean Piaget's seminal epistemology. The 12 papers are divided into four areas: language development, formal reasoning, social cognition, and applied research. The topics of…

6. History of the USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The Jean Mayer United States Department of Agriculture Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, while quite a mouthful, is aptly named, since it has contributed substantially to the legacy of Jean Mayer, to the scientific stature of the USDA and, in Atwater’s tradition, to the d...

7. A Blind Analysis of Another Case of Multiple Personality Using the Semantic Differential Technique

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Osgood, Charles E.; And Others

1976-01-01

In 1954 Osgood and Luria reported a blind analysis of a case of triple personality, popularly known as "The Three Faces of Eve," that had been analyzed by Thigpen and Cleckley. Here they combined with Robert Jeans to do a similar blind analysis of a case Jeans was treating in the late 1960s. (Editor/RK)

8. Book review: "cellulose science and technology"

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

“Cellulose Science and Technology” by Jean-Luc Wertz, Olivier Bédué and Jean P. Mercier is a fairly comprehensive, up-to-date introduction to many areas of cellulose science. Their summary of a vast and often controversial literature is reasonably comprehensive. It requires little background to re...

9. Perceptions of Outpatients Regarding the Attire of Physiotherapists

PubMed Central

Mercer, Erin; Conway, Nicki; Flynn, Jennifer; Mercer, Chris

2008-01-01

Purpose: This study investigated perceptions of patients regarding physiotherapists’ attire. Methods: Three hundred patients in three publicly funded outpatient physiotherapy clinics were asked to complete a questionnaire, ranking four photographed modes of attire (lab coat, tailored dress, “scrubs,” and jeans) in terms of professionalism, preference, and appropriateness and rating their level of agreement with four statements about physiotherapists’ attire. Results: Response rate was 63.7 %. The lab coat was ranked most professional, tailored dress most preferred, and jeans least professional and least preferred. Although jeans were deemed inappropriate (p < 0.001), strong support was shown for wearing jeans on “casual day” (p = 0.001). Age of respondents influenced the perception of the appropriateness of wearing jeans (p = 0.007 for male therapist; p = 0.017 for female therapist); only the cohort <36 years considered jeans appropriate apparel. Overall exposure to physiotherapists (number of lifetime visits) affected patients’ perceptions of the importance of attire (p = 0.039) and the appropriateness of wearing jeans (p = 0.018): as number of visits increased, perceived importance decreased and perceived propriety of jeans increased. Conclusion: The findings of this study, the first to examine patients’ opinions of physiotherapists’ attire, suggest that outpatients made clear distinctions between what they perceived as professional and what they preferred, as well as between the appropriateness of physiotherapists’ wearing jeans in general and the appropriateness of their doing so on “casual day.” Age and exposure to physiotherapists influenced patients’ perceptions of attire. PMID:20145767

10. 4. Historic American Buildings Survey George Harkness III, Photographer, April ...

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. Historic American Buildings Survey George Harkness III, Photographer, April 10, 1934 MEASURING THE WEST ELEVATION (REAR) - Jean Baptiste Valle House, 99 South Main Street (Northwest corner of Main & Market Streets), Sainte Genevieve, Ste. Genevieve County, MO

11. Payload specialists Baudry and Chretien in the Shuttle full fuselage trainer

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

1984-01-01

Payload specialists Patrick Baudry (left) and Jean Loup Chretien are seated at the commander and pilot stations on the Shuttle full fuselage trainer. In this view they are looking at the camera over the backs of the shuttle seats.

12. STS 51-E crew is briefed on the Shuttle full fuselage trainer

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

1984-01-01

STS 51-E crew is briefed on the Shuttle full fuselage trainer. Astronauts Dave Griggs (foreground), Jean Loup Chretien (behind Griggs) and Jeff Hoffman are being shown the workings of the trainer by flight instructors.

13. Technology: Making the Connections. Innovations in the Apparel Industry. Resources in Technology.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Threlfall, K. Denise

1996-01-01

Describes the partnership between Levi Strauss & Co., the largest brand-name apparel manufacturer in the world, and Custom Clothing Technology, the developer of software to customize jeans for female customers. (JOW)

14. EAGLE: galaxy evolution with the E-ELT

Evans, Chris; Morris, Simon; Swinbank, Mark; Cuby, Jean-Gabriel; Lehnert, Matthew; Puech, Mathieu

2010-04-01

Chris Evans, Simon Morris, Jean-Gabriel Cuby, Matt Lehnert, Mark Swinbank and Mathieu Puech describe an instrument that could bring distant galaxies and stellar populations within reach of the European Extremely Large Telescope.

15. Introduction

Bartolf, Holger

Around 1900 M. Planck unified Rayleigh-Jeans' and Wien's radiation laws [2] and explained the spectral energy distribution of blackbody radiation by the assumption that energy is quantized in discrete, i.e. quantum packages.

16. 7. EXTERIOR, SIDE VIEW FROM GARDEN SHOWING GRAPE ARBOR undated ...

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. EXTERIOR, SIDE VIEW FROM GARDEN SHOWING GRAPE ARBOR undated - Jean Baptiste Valle House, 99 South Main Street (Northwest corner of Main & Market Streets), Sainte Genevieve, Ste. Genevieve County, MO

17. Anatomy and art.

PubMed

Laios, Konstantinos; Tsoukalas, Gregory; Karamanou, Marianna; Androutsos, George

2013-01-01

Leonardo da Vinci, Jean Falcon, Andreas Vesalius, Henry Gray, Henry Vandyke Carter and Frank Netter created some of the best atlases of anatomy. Their works constitute not only scientific medical projects but also masterpieces of art. PMID:24640589

18. Celebrities Gather to Fight Heart Disease

MedlinePlus

... Kimberly Guilfoyle Villency, Kim Cattrall, Katharine McPhee, Sheila Johnson, Danica Patrick, Angela Bassett, Mae Jemison, Lauren Hutton, ... Matlin, Zuleyka Rivera, Natalie Morales, Helena Christensen, Betsey Johnson, Kelly Ripa, Kristin Chenoweth, Billie Jean King, Jane ...

19. Artificial neural networks and ecological communities (Book Review: Modelling community structure in freshwater ecosystems)

USGS Publications Warehouse

DeAngelis, Donald L.

2005-01-01

Review info: Modeling community structure in freshwater ecosystems. Edited by Sovan Lek, Michele Scardi, Piet F.M. Verdonschot, Jean-Pierre Descy, and Young-Seuk Park, 2005. ISBN: 3-540-23940-5, 518 pp.

20. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey Alexander Piaget, Photographer, April 10, ...

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Historic American Buildings Survey Alexander Piaget, Photographer, April 10, 1934 VIEW FROM SOUTHEAST - Jean Baptiste Valle House, 99 South Main Street (Northwest corner of Main & Market Streets), Sainte Genevieve, Ste. Genevieve County, MO

1. 2. Historic American Buildings Survey Alexander Piaget, Photographer, April 10, ...

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. Historic American Buildings Survey Alexander Piaget, Photographer, April 10, 1934 VIEW FROM SOUTHWEST - Jean Baptiste Valle House, 99 South Main Street (Northwest corner of Main & Market Streets), Sainte Genevieve, Ste. Genevieve County, MO

2. Persuasion from an Eighteen-Year-Old's Perspective: Perry and Piaget.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dinitz, Sue; Kiedaisch, Jean

1990-01-01

Looks at how the theories of William Perry and Jean Piaget explain choices students made in writing persuasive essays. Examines the implications of their theories for teaching persuasion to eighteen-year olds. (SR)

3. Piaget, Marx and the Political Ideology of Schooling.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kaufman, Barry A.

1978-01-01

Examines Jean Piaget's developmental theories and evaluates how his psychology of constructivism relates to contemporary behavioral sciences, modern education, and modern monopoly capitalism. Concludes that Piaget's constructivism is inconsistent with capitalist ideology and is widely misunderstood by educators. (DB)

4. 3. Historic American Buildings Survey Alexander Piaget, Photographer, April 10, ...

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. Historic American Buildings Survey Alexander Piaget, Photographer, April 10, 1934 VIEW FROM NORTH - Jean Baptiste Valle House, 99 South Main Street (Northwest corner of Main & Market Streets), Sainte Genevieve, Ste. Genevieve County, MO

5. Piaget's Work and Chemical Education.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Good, Ron; And Others

1979-01-01

Presents selected position papers and research papers influenced by the work of Jean Piaget, intended to help science educators understand Piaget's work and how it applies to science education. Emphasis on formal reasoning stage of development. (SA)

6. An Approach to Poetry Through Transformational Processes

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thompson, Charles Lamar; Weiner, Charles

1972-01-01

Author details why the psychological studies of Jean Piaget have specific relevance to the teaching of poetry, especially his thought matrix which consists of four transformational processes: identity, inversion, reciprocity and correlation. (Author)

7. Constructivism--Rediscovering the Discovered.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cole, Peggy Ruth

1995-01-01

Provides an historical perspective on the theory of constructivism and its application to science education in museum settings. Reviews the contributions of John Dewey and Jean Piaget to theories of learning associated with constructivist thought. (DDR)

8. Program Aims at Improving Abstract Reasoning

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chemical and Engineering News, 1977

1977-01-01

Describes a program being conducted within the chemistry department of Xavier University, New Orleans, Louisiana, to improve the abstract reasoning abilities of freshmen science majors. The project is based upon the philosophy developed by Jean Piaget. (SL)

9. Intrinsic Motivation And Feelings Of Competency Among Students

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Franks, David D.; And Others

1974-01-01

An argument has been developed suggesting that a research model appropriate to open education evaluation could be systematically developed out of the writings of Jean Piaget, Jerome Bruner, Robert White, and M. Brewster Smith. (Author)

10. Piaget and Education

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gelman, Rochel

1971-01-01

A review of Science and Education and the Psychology of the Child (Grossman, 1970) by Jean Piaget and Educational Implications of Piaget's Theory (Ginn-Blaisdell, 1970) by Irene J. Athey and Duane O. Rubadeau. (CK)

11. Sartre: A Possible Foundation for Educational Theory.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Burstow, Bonnie

1983-01-01

The claim by Khemais Benhamida and others that Jean-Paul Sartre's philosophy is too hostile and restrictive to serve as the foundation of progressive educational theory is based on an incomplete understanding of the philosopher's work. (IS)

12. Dialectical Reason and Education: Sartre's Fused Group.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gordon, Haim

1985-01-01

Philosophers of education tend to stress the importance of analytic and scientific thinking. A discussion of how dialectical reasoning, as developed by Jean Paul Sartre, can contribute to educational thought is offered. (DF)

13. "Brother Anonymous" and the Quiet Revolution in Quebec Education.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bennett, Paul W.; Jones, Richard A.

1986-01-01

This article offers a brief review of the writing of Jean-Paul Desbiens, an educational reformer and Quebec education official known as "Brother Anonymous." Juxtaposes two different articles by Desbiens, exposing the contradictions and conflicts between them. (JDH)

14. Analyse linguistique du discours jauresien (A Linguistic Analysis of Jaures' Discourse).

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chauveau, Genevieve

1978-01-01

Traces the development of discourse analysis in modern linguistics, and presents a semantic analysis, based on a comparative word frequency count, of two political speeches made by the socialist Jean Jaures. (AM)

15. ISS Update: Bone Health in Space

NASA Video Gallery

NASA Public Affairs Officer Brandi Dean interviews Dr. Jean Sibonga, Bone Lead Human Research Program, about the changes in bone structure and bone loss as a result of long term missions in space a...

16. Self-gravitational instability in magnetized finitely conducting viscoelastic fluid

Prajapati, R. P.; Chhajlani, R. K.

2013-04-01

The linear self-gravitational instability of finitely conducting, magnetized viscoelastic fluid is investigated using the modified generalized hydrodynamic (GH) model. A general dispersion relation is obtained with the help of linearized perturbation equations using the normal mode analysis and it is discussed for longitudinal and transverse modes of propagation. In longitudinal propagation, we find that Alfven mode is uncoupled with the gravitating mode. The Jeans criterion of instability is determined which depends upon shear viscosity and bulk viscosity while it is independent of magnetic field. The viscoelastic effects modify the fundamental Jeans criterion of gravitational instability. In transverse mode of propagation, the Alfven mode couples with the acoustic mode, compressional viscoelastic mode and gravitating mode. The growth rate of Jeans instability is compared in weakly coupled plasma (WCP) and strongly coupled plasma (SCP) which is larger for SCP in both the modes of propagations. The presence of finite electrical resistivity removes the effect of magnetic field in the condition of Jeans instability and expression of critical Jeans wavenumber. It is found that Mach number and shear viscosity has stabilizing while finite electrical resistivity has destabilizing influence on the growth rate of Jeans instability.

17. Gravitational Instability of Rotating, Pressure-confined, Polytropic Gas Disks with Vertical Stratification

Kim, Jeong-Gyu; Kim, Woong-Tae; Seo, Young Min; Hong, Seung Soo

2012-12-01

We investigate the gravitational instability (GI) of rotating, vertically stratified, pressure-confined, polytropic gas disks using a linear stability analysis as well as analytic approximations. The disks are initially in vertical hydrostatic equilibrium and bounded by a constant external pressure. We find that the GI of a pressure-confined disk is in general a mixed mode of the conventional Jeans and distortional instabilities, and is thus an unstable version of acoustic-surface-gravity waves. The Jeans mode dominates in weakly confined disks or disks with rigid boundaries. On the other hand, when the disk has free boundaries and is strongly pressure confined, the mixed GI is dominated by the distortional mode that is surface-gravity waves driven unstable under their own gravity and thus incompressible. We demonstrate that the Jeans mode is gravity-modified acoustic waves rather than inertial waves and that inertial waves are almost unaffected by self-gravity. We derive an analytic expression for the effective sound speed c eff of acoustic-surface-gravity waves. We also find expressions for the gravity reduction factors relative to a razor-thin counterpart that are appropriate for the Jeans and distortional modes. The usual razor-thin dispersion relation, after correcting for c eff and the reduction factors, closely matches the numerical results obtained by solving a full set of linearized equations. The effective sound speed generalizes the Toomre stability parameter of the Jeans mode to allow for the mixed GI of vertically stratified, pressure-confined disks.

18. Impact of Clothing on Dermal Exposure to Phthalates: Observations and Insights from Sampling Both Skin and Clothing.

PubMed

Gong, Mengyan; Weschler, Charles J; Zhang, Yinping

2016-04-19

Clothing can either retard or accelerate dermal exposure to phthalates. To investigate the impact of clothing on dermal exposure to six phthalates (DMP/DEP/DiBP/DnBP/BBzP/DEHP) in real environments, two sets of experiments have been conducted: (1) Skin wipes were collected from 11 adults to examine the phthalate levels on both bare-skin (hand/forehead) and clothing-covered body locations (arm/back/calf); (2) Five adults were asked to wear just-washed jeans for 1 day (1(st) experiment), 5 days (2(nd) experiment), and 10 days (3(rd) experiment). Phthalate levels on their legs were measured on selected days during the wearing period, and phthalate levels in the jeans were measured at the end of each experiment and again after washing. Measured phthalate levels on body locations covered by clothing were lower than those on uncovered locations, but still substantial. Dermal uptake would be underestimated by a factor of 2 to 5 if absorption through body locations covered by clothing were neglected. Phthalate levels in the jeans and on the legs increased with the wearing time. However, the levels in the jeans and on the legs were not strongly correlated, indicating that other pathways, e.g, contact with bedding or bedclothes, likely contribute to the levels on the legs. The efficiency with which laundering washing removed phthalates from the jeans increased with decreasing Kow; median values ranged from very low (<5%) for DEHP to very high (∼75%) for DMP. PMID:27007912

19. Portraits of payload specialists for STS 51-G

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

1984-01-01

Portraits of payload specialists for STS 51-G. Group photo includes (l.-r.) Payload specialists Patrick Baudry and backup Payload Specialist Jean-Loup Chretien, both wearing blue shuttle flight suits and standing in front of a model of the shuttle orbiter. Baudry carries his helmet (43892); Portrait of payload specialist Jean-Loup Chretien wearing blue shuttle flight suit and carring helmet. A model of the shuttle in launch position is behind him (43893); Portrait of Payload Specialist Patrick Baudry in blue shuttle flight suit and carrying his helmet. A model of the shuttle in launch position is behind him (43894).

20. [Ayurvedics drugs in France. Laboratories polytherapic, a test].

PubMed

Raynal, Cécile; Lefebvre, Thierry

2011-02-01

In the beginning of the thirties, Dr Jean Saidman, who has already created a rotative solarium at Aix-les-Bains, built another one in Jamnagar (India). When he was there, he discovered ayurvedic therapy. After the Second World War, with his friends Dr Rémus Krainik and the chemist René-Henri Monceaux, he set up a "néo-ayurvedic action committee", and then a pharmaceutical laboratory, "Polythérapic", to export to french colonies patents medicines inspired by indian medicine. The authors tale this experience suddenly stopped by the unexpected death of Jean Saidman, in 1949. PMID:21661222

1. Constancy of built-in luminance meter measurements in diagnostic displays

SciTech Connect

Silosky, M. Marsh, R. M.

2013-12-15

Purpose: Liquid crystal displays used to interpret medical images are often equipped with built-in luminance meters to evaluate luminance response and Grayscale Standard Display Function conformance. This work evaluates agreement between luminance reported by the built-in meters and external measurements. Methods: The white level luminance was measured using a built-in meter and an external meter for 93 primary review workstations (Models MFGD 3420 and MDCG 3120-CB) with between 117 and 49 336 backlight hours (BLH). Measured luminance values were compared viat-test for displays with less than 25 000 BLH and those with more than 25 000 BLH. Bias between meters was also evaluated. Changes in luminance uniformity with increasing backlight hours were explored by determining the maximum luminance deviation (MLD) for subsets of these displays with less than 800 BLH and greater than 35 000 BLH. Results: The mean difference between built-in and external luminance measurements was 5.84% and 38.92% for displays with less than 25 000 and greater than 25 000 BLH, respectively, with a statistically significant difference in the means (p < 0.001). For displays with low BLH, a statistically significant bias was observed (p < 0.001) between built-in and external measurements. A high degree of correlation was observed between measurements made with two separate external meters (r = 0.999). The mean MLD was 9.5% and 11.2% for MDCG 3120-CB displays with less than 800 and greater than 35 000 BLH, respectively. The difference in the mean values was not statistically significant (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Disagreement between the white level luminance measured using the built-in and external meter increased with BLH. Consequently, reliance on values reported by the built-in luminance meter may result in a reduction in image contrast with time. Recommendations have been proposed regarding luminance response testing and corrective action for failing displays.

2. Clips & Snips.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stevens, Jacqueline; Riggs, Howard N.

1992-01-01

Discusses teaching eighth-grade students about the Middle Ages at St. John's School in St. Jean-sur-Richelieu, Quebec. Explores a lesson in Montreal history offered to third- and fourth-grade students at the city's Hampstead School. Describes an environmental education unit for kindergarteners at Montreal's Edinburgh School. (DK)

3. The Great Sexologists: John Money on Sin, Science, and the Sex Police.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Money, John

This paper discusses the role of sex police in society from the 14th century to the present and their affect on sex education in the schools. Jean Gerson, Chancellor of the University of Paris and Dean of the Cathedral School of Notre Dame, was one of the first to publish information concerning nocturnal wet dreams and boyhood masturbation. His…

4. Native Sons: A Critical Study of Twentieth-Century Negro American Authors.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Margolies, Edward

This analysis of 20th-century Negro literature contains chapters discussing 16 authors: (1) "The First Forty Years: 1900-1940," including W. E. B. DuBois, Charles W. Chesnutt, James W. Johnson, Paul L. Dunbar, Langston Hughes, Jean Toomer, Claude McKay, and Countee Cullen; (2) "Migration: William Attaway and 'Blood on the Forge'"; (3) "Richard…

5. Alexander Meiklejohn in Search of Freedom and Dignity.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Johnson, Tony W.

1982-01-01

Assesses the contributions of the philosopher/educator Alexander Meiklejohn. Discusses the influences of Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Immanuel Kant, and the U.S. Constitution on Meiklejohn's educational theories, which stressed that human freedom and dignity can be enhanced by rigorous examination of U.S. Supreme Court decisions and the meaning of…

6. Coping with Standards, Tests, and Accountability: Voices from the Classroom.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Glatthorn, Allan A., Ed.; Fontana, Jean, Ed.

This book presents the views of teachers, teacher educators, and administrators who write about accountability, testing, and standards programs. The chapters are: (1) "From Policy to Practice: The Research" (Allan A. Glatthorn); (2) "New York's Test-Driven Standards" (Jean Fontana); (3) "Voices from a Native American Classroom in Nebraska"…

7. Are Basic Writers Cognitively Deficient?

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Martinez, Joseph G. R.; Martinez, Nancy C.

Researchers of writing ability have often applied the developmental schemes of William Perry, Lev Vygotsky, and Jean Piaget in describing basic writers. As a result, some researchers have concluded that basic writers think well below the formal-operations or true concept-formation stage of cognitive development. To investigate the theory that…

8. How Print Culture Came to Be Indigenous

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

McKee, Stuart

2010-01-01

Western historians working in the first half of the twentieth century established a scheme for writing design history that continues to influence the global histories of today. The historians Douglas McMurtrie, Lucien Febvre, Henri-Jean Martin and Lawrence Wroth believed that the modern history of visual communication began with the advent and…

9. Opportunities and Challenges of Bilingualism. Contributions to the Sociology of Language.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Wei, Li, Ed.; Dewaele, Jean-Marc, Ed.; Housen, Alex, Ed.

This collection of papers examines, from an international perspective, opportunities and challenges of societal bilingualism in the new millennium. The 18 papers include the following: "Introduction: Opportunities and Challenges of Bilingualism" (Li Wei, Jean-Marc Dewaele, and Alex Housen); "'Holy Languages' in the Context of Societal…

10. Summer Food Service Program. Nourishing News. Volume 3, Issue 8

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Idaho State Department of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

The primary goal of the Summer Food Service Program (SFSP) is to provide nutritious meals to children in low-income areas when school is not in session. This issue of "Nourishing News" focuses on SFSPs. The articles contained in this issue are: (1) Is Your Summer Food Program Financially Fit? (Jean Zaske); (2) Keeping the "Bugs" Away: An Ounce of…

11. Learning by Teaching: Developing Transferable Skills

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stollhans, Sascha

2016-01-01

"Learning by teaching" (German: "Lernen durch Lehren," commonly abbreviated as "LdL") is a teaching and learning approach which was developed by the French language teacher Jean-Pol Martin in German schools in the 1980s (Martin, 1985). The method sees students in the role of the teacher, and enhances their learning…

12. Hearings Before the Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs of the United States Senate, Ninety-Second Congress, First Session on Nutrition and Human Needs. Part 9--Universal School Lunch Program. Hearings Held Washington, D.C., October 13-14, 1971.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs.

Testimony was presented at these hearings by the following witnesses: Hubert Humphrey, U.S. Senator from the State of Minnesota; Dr. John N. Perryman, executive director, American School Food Service Association; B.P. Taylor, superintendent of Schools, San Diego Independent School District, San Diego, Texas; Dr. Jean Mayer, special consultant to…

13. The National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented (NRC/GT) Newsletter. Fall 1994-Spring 1995.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gubbins, E. Jean, Ed.; Siegle, Del, Ed.

1995-01-01

This document consists of three consecutive but unnumbered issues of a newsletter from the National Research Center on the Gifted and Talended (NRC/GT) containing articles on the education of gifted and talented students: "NRC/GT Destination: Around the Corner" (E. Jean Gubbins); "New NRC/GT Studies for Year 5" (on implementing enrichment…

14. Poiseuille's Law--Showing that "p" Is Inversely Proportional to R[superscript 4] Using the Shell Method

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drost, John P.; Georges, Rachel A.

2004-01-01

Jean Poiseuille, a physician, developed a mercury filled U-tube to measure blood pressure in 1828. He discovered that pressure in veins is significantly lower than pressure in arteries. As a result, he studied liquid flow in small tubes. A few years later he established Poiseuille's Law, which states the resistance, "p," of the flow of blood as…

15. Adolescent Psychiatry; Proceedings of a Conference (Douglas Hospital, Montreal, Quebec, June 20, 1967).

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Shamsie, S.J., Ed.

Discussed in a conference report on adolescent psychology are the varieties of behavioral problems and family dynamics by Richard Jenkins, biological growth during adolescence by J.R. Unwin, management of adolescents in a general hospital setting by Henry Kravitz, and educational problems in disturbed adolescents by S.J. Shamsie, Jean-L. Lapointe,…

16. A Study of the Structure of Piagetian Logical and Infralogical Grouping Within the Concrete Operational Period.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dettrick, Graham W.

This study investigated a problem within the theoretical structure of cognitive development proposed by Jean Piaget, and used the concepts of classification and projective spatial relationships to investigate the nature of attainment and sequencing of three corresponding logical and infralogical groupings according to the models proposed by…

17. A Comparison of the Animistic Beliefs of Schizophrenic Children with Normal Children, As Revealed by a Test Based on Piaget's Research.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kramer, Alice Poulsen

The animistic beliefs of 40 schizophrenic children were compared with the beliefs of 40 normal children (age range for both groups from 11 to 15 years) in light of Jean Piaget's developmental stages of animistic thinking. Each S was tested individually on the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test and on whether each of 20 objects was animate.…

18. The Learning Cycle and College Science Teaching.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Barman, Charles R.; Allard, David W.

Originally developed in an elementary science program called the Science Curriculum Improvement Study, the learning cycle (LC) teaching approach involves students in an active learning process modeled on four elements of Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development: physical experience, referring to the biological growth of the central nervous…

19. Piaget's Clay and Descartes' Wax.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Jardine, David W.

1988-01-01

Exploration of a coincidental similarity between the work of Rene Descartes and Jean Piaget relating to the contemporary pedagogical conception of understanding as an active construction of reality points out some of the images that coalesce around this conception and reflects upon alternatives to the conception. (CB)

20. Learning from Our Mistakes.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perkinson, Henry J.

1979-01-01

Discusses the theories of leading educational theorists of the twentieth century, including John Dewey, Jean Piaget, B. F. Skinner, Maria Montessori, Carl Rogers, and A. S. Neill, to show that they have shared a common theory--that of "learning from our mistakes." (GT)

1. ..,..,Speak No Freewill (Piaget vs. Skinner). Developmental Program Report No. 38.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Anderson, Clifton

This paper is a hypothetical dialogue between two influential psychologists, Jean Piaget and B. F. Skinner, on the concept of free will. The purpose of the dialogue is to critique Skinner's "Beyond Freedom and Dignity." While actual quotes are incorporated into the text from the work of both psychologists, the overall organization of the…

2. Students at Risk. SET Special Issue.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Wright, Judith, Ed.

1996-01-01

This special issue of the serial SET for 1996 contains seven newly commissioned articles and four reprints all related to the education of children at risk. This issue includes: (1) "Students at Risk: An Overview" (Margaret Batten, Graeme Withers, and Jean Russell); (2) "Inquiry into Children in Education at Risk through Truancy and Behavioural…

3. Wisconsin Women, Graduate School, and the Professions. University Women: A Series of Essays, Volume II.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Swoboda, Marian J., Ed.; Roberts, Audrey J., Ed.

This volume of essays examines the role of women in the development of public higher education at the University of Wisconsin and Wisconsin State Universities. Part 1, "Turn of the Century Beginnings," contains an essay by Jean Droste titled "Vocational Aspirations and Job Realities." Part 2 focuses on women in the professional schools on the…

4. Good, Clean, Fair: The Rhetoric of the Slow Food Movement

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schneider, Stephen

2008-01-01

This article outlines the origins of the Slow Food movement before examining the ways in which Slow Food rhetoric seeks to redefine gastronomy and combat the more deleterious effects of globalization. In articulating a new gastronomy, Slow Food founder Carlo Petrini attempts to reconstruct the gastronomy of Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin, at once…

5. Killing Us Softly? Investigating Portrayals of Women and Men in Contemporary Magazine Advertisements

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Conley, Terri D.; Ramsey, Laura R.

2011-01-01

Our research aimed to systematically investigate how women and men are portrayed in magazine advertisements, deriving hypotheses from Jean Kilbourne's observed media analysis presented in her "Killing Us Softly" film series. A total of 790 advertisements in 19 magazines were coded. Results revealed support for many of Kilbourne's hypotheses. For…

6. STS-86 Mission Specialists Chretien and Titov prepare to enter Atlantis for launch

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

1997-01-01

STS-86 Mission Specialist Jean-Loup J.M. Chretien, in orange launch and entry suit at right, and Mission Specialist Vladimir Georgievich Titov prepare to enter the Space Shuttle Atlantis at Launch Pad 39A, with the assistance of white room closeout crew members, including suit technician Valarie McNeal, at center.

7. STS-86: Flight Crew Departing from the Skid Strip at Cape Canaveral Air Station after Mission Completion

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

1997-01-01

The crew (Commander James D. Wetherbee, Pilot Michael J. Bloomfield, Mission Specialists Vladimar G. Titov, Scott E. Parazynski, Jean-Loup J.M. Chretien, Wendy B. Lawrence, and David A. Wolf) are shown speaking to the press as they board a small plane for departure after their return from the space mission.

8. STS-86 crew members Bloomfield and Chretien in white room

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

1997-01-01

While a white room closeout crew member looks on, STS-86 Pilot Michael J. Bloomfield, at right, gets some assistance from fellow crew member, Mission Specialist Jean-Loup J.M. Chretien of the French Space Agency, CNES, before entering the Space Shuttle Atlantis at Launch Pad 39A.

9. STS-86 Mission Specialists Lawrence and Chretien in white room

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

1997-01-01

STS-86 Mission Specialists Wendy B. Lawrence, at center facing camera, and Jean-Loup J.M. Chretien of the French Space Agency, CNES, prepare to enter the Space Shuttle Atlantis at Launch Pad 39A, with the assistance of white room closeout crew member Jim Davis, a NASA quality assurance specialist.

10. The Future Is Now. Dimension '95. Selected Proceedings of the Joint Conference of the Southern Conference on Language Teaching and the South Carolina Foreign Language Teachers' Association (Charleston, South Carolina, 1995).

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Terry, Robert M., Ed.

Papers on aspects of second language teaching include: "Cognitive Approaches to Listening Comprehension" (James S. Noblitt); "Popular Music in a Whole Language Approach to Foreign Language Teaching" (Sue Barry, Sidney Pellissier); "Language Maintenance: Bridging the Gaps in Foreign Language Education" (Jean W. LeLoup, Linda Shinnock); "Meeting the…

11. NAEP Literacy Data: Students Deficient in Using Language. Why?

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Williamson, Leon E.

Concerned with what can be done to help produce more thoughtful, critical readers, this report first presents an historical overview of theories on the origin of language, referring to B. F. Skinner, Noam Chomsky, and Jean Piaget, among others. It then discusses biological reasons for the evolution of language and the impact of verbal language on…

12. Les situations de communication. Actes du Colloque d'orthophonie/logopedie, (1er, Neuchatel, Suisse, 9-10 mars 1990). (Communication Situations. Papers from the Conference on Speech and Reading Therapy (1st, Neuchatel, Switzerland, March 9-10, 1990)).

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Py, Bernard, Ed.

1990-01-01

The following papers were presented at the conference (titles are translated from the French): "Linguistic Approaches to Verbal Interaction and Its Context" (Jean-Francois de Pietro); "Pragmatic Approaches to the Rehabilitation of Aphasia Patients" (Marie-Pierre de Partz); "Contributions of Communication Development Theories: Limits of Their…

13. THE ACQUISITION OF SPANISH GRAMMAR BY MEXICAN CHILDREN.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

BLOUNT, B.G.; KERNAN, KEITH T.

USING THE METHODOLOGY DEVISED BY JEAN BERKO (1958) TO TEST AMERICAN CHILDREN ON THEIR INTERNALIZATION OF ENGLISH GRAMMATICAL RULES, 92 MEXICAN CHILDREN OF CIUDAD GUZMAN, JALISCO, WERE TESTED TO DETERMINE THEIR INTERNALIZATION OF SPANISH GRAMMAR. THE CHILDREN WERE FROM THE LOWER SOCIO-ECONOMIC CLASS, AS WERE THE 18 ADULTS WHO TOOK THE SAME TEST TO…

14. Thinking about the Nature and Role of Authority in Democratic Education with Rousseau's "Emile"

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Michaud, Olivier

2012-01-01

Educational authority is an issue in contemporary democracies. Surprisingly, little attention has been given to the problem of authority in Jean-Jacques Rousseau's "Emile" and his work has not been addressed in the contemporary debate on the issue of authority in democratic education. Olivier Michaud's goals are, first, to address both of these…

15. Seeding Literacy: Adult Educators Research Their Practice.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Davis, Janelle; Searle, Jean

This publication presents five reports that represent research conducted by adult educators. "Supporting Adult Educators in Researching Their Practice" (Janelle Davis, Jean Searle) presents results of four action research projects related to developing literacies for disadvantaged groups or groups with special needs. "Towards Mutual Benefits:…

16. Women's Life Experiences in Contemporary India. Fulbright-Hays Summer Seminar Abroad 1994 (India).

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pipkin, Ruthanne

This unit, intended for high school use, examines the role of women in India as portrayed in selected literature. The books used include: (1) "Women in India: Two Perspectives" (Doranne Jacobson; Susan S. Wadley); (2) "Through Indian Eyes, Volume l. The Wheel of Life" (Donald J. Johnson, Ed.; Jean E. Johnson, Ed.); (3) "Nectar in a Sieve" (Kamala…

17. Sibling Communication in "Star Trek: The Next Generation": Conflicts between Brothers.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fuss-Reineck, Marilyn

"Star Trek: The Next Generation" depicts sibling relationships between Data and Lore (android), Worf and Kurn (Klingon) and Jean-Luc and Robert (human) that illustrate conflictual communication and suggest teaching applications. The most disturbing empirical communication research on conflict between brothers reports that male sibling pairs are…

18. Political and Cultural Nationalism in Education. The Ideas of Rousseau and Herder Concerning National Education.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Wiborg, Susanne

2000-01-01

Jean Jacques Rousseau in France and Johann Gottfied Herder in Germany both emphasized the role of education in building the nation-state. However, Rousseau focused on shaping the national character through citizenship education and political socialization in public schools, while Herder saw a national identity evolving from a common culture and…

19. Rousseau's Imaginary Friend: Childhood, Play, and Suspicion of the Imagination in "Emile"

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Shuffelton, Amy B.

2012-01-01

In this essay Amy Shuffelton considers Jean-Jacques Rousseau's suspicion of imagination, which is, paradoxically, offered in the context of an imaginative construction of a child's upbringing. First, Shuffelton articulates Rousseau's reasons for opposing children's development of imagination and their engagement in the sort of imaginative play…

20. History and the Curriculum in Rousseau's "Emile."

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Owen, David B.

1982-01-01

This essay considers Jean Jacques Rousseau's conception of history in "Emile" and its relationship to Rousseau's educational curriculum. History is, for Rousseau, at the heart of the curriculum and is one of the chief instruments for imparting knowledge of the world and encouraging moral behavior. (PP)

1. Teaching Rousseau: Natural Man and Present Existence.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rice, Daryl H.

1989-01-01

Offers an interpretation of Jean-Jacques Rousseau's "Discourse on the Origin and Foundations of Inequality" and provides examples of classroom exercises designed to make Rousseau's ideas and writings accessible to undergraduates. Stresses Rousseau's philosophy on natural man, language, ethics, and society. Includes interpretive references to…

2. Hear Ye, Hear Ye: A Dozen Messages from the New York Common Core Crier

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Jaeger, Paige

2014-01-01

In 2010, Jean Stevens from the New York State Education Department addressed a group of NY state administrators and shared, "It is no mistake that inquiry-based learning is throughout the Common Core." That was a cornerstone cry for which only school librarians knew the significance. After years of fighting for turf as a poor fief, it…

3. The National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented (NRC/GT) Newsletter, 1997.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gubbins, E. Jean, Ed.; Siegle, Del, Ed.

1997-01-01

These two newsletters of The National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented (NRC/GT) present articles concerned with research on the education of gifted and talented students. The articles are: "NRC/GT: Research Should Inform Practice" (E. Jean Gubbins); "Building a Bridge: A Combined Effort between Gifted and Bilingual Education" (Valentina…

4. What's Happening in June?

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Toro, Leonor; And Others

Brief information is given on four June events celebrated by Puerto Ricans: Father's Day, the Feast of Saint John the Baptist (Puerto Rico's Partron Saint), the birthday of Francisco Oller Cestero (painter), and commemoration (on Father's Day) of Jean Baptiste Pointe Du Sable (first non-native American to settle in what is now known as Chicago).…

5. Moral Dilemmas and the Environment.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Piburn, Michael D.

Stages of moral reasoning through which children develop, as researched by developmental psychologists Jean Piaget and Lawrence Kohlberg, are outlined in the introduction of this paper. The six stages are defined and exemplified by the moral issue of the value of human life. The developmental model, as it is argued, is suitable for instruction in…

6. Outdoor Education--The Past Is Prologue to the Future.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rillo, Thomas J.

Although educators and philosophers such as Johann Amos Comenius, Jean Jacques Rousseau, Pestalozzi, and Froebel stressed the study of nature, outdoor education really began with the first teaching-learning act which occurred outdoors. The human being, physiologically and psychologically adapted for outdoor existence, has only been indoors for…

7. State of the Art in Early Childhood Music and Research.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Zimmerman, Marilyn P.

This paper is mainly devoted to reviewing past research on music development. Some recommendations for future research on music development and for improving music education for preschool children are also included. The developmental theories of Jean Piaget are discussed in detail, with special attention being given to concepts important to…

8. Time for Results: The Governors' 1991 Report on Education. Supporting Works. Task Force on Readiness.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

National Governors' Association, Washington, DC.

The members of this task force adopted a broad approach to readiness so that issues relating to at-risk children and youth between the preschool years and graduation might be addressed. Two papers are presented: (1) "Readiness for the New Educational Standards" (Jean G. McDonald); and (2) "State Policy for At-Risk Children: Preschool to High…

9. Recently Noted

Fried, Bart

Two articles of interest to ATS members sited: the investigation of William Gardam & Sons Co., 19th Cent. Instrument maker, by David B. Garcelon; and one on telescope maker Octave Leon Petitdidier, by Debra Jean Warner. Both are in the Feb., 1995 (vol. 9, #2) issue of Rittenhouse Journal.

10. Varia. (Miscellany).

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Matthey, Marinette

1996-01-01

This collection of diverse research papers in linguistics includes: "La notion de tour de parole dans une perspective syntaxique" ("The Notion of Turn Taking from a Syntactic Perspective") (Jean-Marc Luscher, Sandrine Piaget, Christian Rubattel); "'Si tu me fais honneur d'un p'tit telephone demain matin ben je suis contente': Structure des…

11. The Experiences of Disabled Pupils and Their Families

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lewis, Ann; Davison, Ian; Ellins, Jean; Niblett, Louise; Parsons, Sarah; Robertson, Christopher; Sharpe, Jeremy

2007-01-01

In this article, Ann Lewis, Professor of Education at the University of Birmingham, and Ian Davison, Jean Ellins, Louise Niblett, Sarah Parsons, Christopher Robertson and Jeremy Sharpe from the research team provide a summary of discussions and selected recommendations arising from four linked projects run between 2004 and 2006. The projects were…

12. American Camping Association. Annual Report, 1985.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American Camping Association, Martinsville, IN.

The 1985 American Camping Association (ACA) annual report reviews trends and successes of the year. The document is in the format of a calendar covering the period October 1985 through September 1986. Calendar pages, on which relevant camping events are noted, alternate with pages of text. An introductory message from ACA President Jean McMullan…

13. Moral Inertia in an Accelerated Culture.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Riecken, Ted

1997-01-01

The culture of affluent societies in the late 20th century was characterized by French postmodern theorist, Jean Baudrillard, as consisting of "ambient consumerism" in which placement in the social hierarchy depends on acquiring products with a "sign" value conveying messages about status and purchasing power. Discusses information consumption in…

14. The Search for Electromagnetic Induction (1820-1831). Experiment No. 20.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Devons, Samuel

This paper focuses on the search for electromagnetic induction from 1820 to 1831 and the efforts by Augustin Fresnel's colleague, Andre Marie Ampere, in electric and magnetic induction. Faraday's work is discussed with excerpts from his diary on electromagnetism. A variety of different experiments by researchers including Francoise Jean Arago,…

15. Digging Deeper into Helmont's Famous Willow Tree Experiment.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hershey, David R.

1991-01-01

Author provides details about Helmont's experiment that was a milestone in the history of plant biology since it marked the start of experimental plant physiology. Concludes that Jean Baptista van Helmont's supposedly simple experiment becomes complex when trying to determine the methods he used, evaluate his sources of experimental error, and…

16. The Contribution of Early Experience to the Development of Movement Attitudes.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Formanek, Ruth

The author briefly surveys early psychomotor development in children, the process of separation-individualization during the first three years of life, and the effect that early experience may have on subsequent actual physical movement. The studies of Jean Piaget and Margaret Mahler provide a framework for examining the notions of space…

17. Phenomenological Research with Children: Guidelines to Follow and Implications for the Practitioner.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Coppola, Donald M.

Need exists in the area of child psychology for improved understanding of the world of children. While the developmental theories of Jean Piaget and Margaret Mahler contain truth, they should not yet be taken as explanatory. Explanatory theory should be based on the rigorous and naturalistic exploration of lived experiences as well as on tests of…

18. Student Research Project: Goursat's Other Theorem

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Petrillo, Joseph

2009-01-01

In an elementary undergraduate abstract algebra or group theory course, a student is introduced to a variety of methods for constructing and deconstructing groups. What seems to be missing from contemporary texts and syllabi is a theorem, first proved by Edouard Jean-Baptiste Goursat (1858-1936) in 1889, which completely describes the subgroups of…

19. Leadership for Social Justice and the Characteristics of Traditional Societies: Ponderings on the Application of Western-Grounded Models

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Oplatka, Izhar; Arar, Khalid Husny

2016-01-01

Leadership for social justice has been receiving increasing attention in recent years as more and more scholars have explored the ways by which educational leaders can lead for social justice in schools (e.g. Arar, 2015; Ayers, Quin, & Stovall, 2009; Fua, 2007; Furman, 2012; Jean-Marie, Normore, & Brooks, 2009; Lindsey & Lindsey, 2011;…

20. Rival Visions: J.J. Rousseau and T.H. Huxley on the Nature (or Nurture) of Inequality and What It Means for Education

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Currie-Knight, Kevin

2011-01-01

Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) and Thomas Huxley (1852-1895) had different, but substantial, effects on the history of education. Rousseau's educational theories supplied the intellectual foundation for pedagogical progressivism. Huxley's educational writings helped to enlarge the scope of the British curriculum to include such things as…

1. Films/Videos: Guidance for Children's Sound and Safe Development.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stanford, Beverly Hardcastle

1993-01-01

Three videos for adults chronicle the life works of Erik Erikson and Jean Piaget, two giants in the child development field, and three videos for children candidly and sensitively address common problems experienced by children, such as being afraid to read aloud in class, dealing with bullies, and protecting themselves from attack by strangers.…

2. An Analysis of Erikson's and Piaget's Theories of Human Growth. Final Report.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Light, Donald W., Jr.

Similarities and differences between Erik H. Erikson's and Jean Piaget's theories concerning social development and the process of identification are explored in this report. The first part of the report is a synthesis of Erikson's concept of the developmental processes of personal growth and societal development. The second part integrates…

3. Early Learning Theories Made Visible

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Beloglovsky, Miriam; Daly, Lisa

2015-01-01

Go beyond reading about early learning theories and see what they look like in action in modern programs and teacher practices. With classroom vignettes and colorful photographs, this book makes the works of Jean Piaget, Erik Erikson, Lev Vygotsky, Abraham Maslow, John Dewey, Howard Gardner, and Louise Derman-Sparks visible, accessible, and easier…

4. Play and Development.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Piers, Maria W., Ed.

Papers presented at a Loyola University Symposium, part of a series on human growth and development, are published in this volume. The papers are: (1) "Some Aspects of Operations," by Jean Piaget; (2) "Operational Thought and Social Adaptation," by Peter H. Wolff; (3) "Fundamental Education," by Rene A. Spitz; (4) "The Enmity between Generations…

5. Theories of Childhood: An Introduction to Dewey, Montessori, Erikson, Piaget & Vygotsky, Second Edition

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mooney, Carol Garhart

2013-01-01

This best-selling resource provides clear, straightforward introductions to the foundational theories of John Dewey, Maria Montessori, Erik Erikson, Jean Piaget, and Lev Vygotsky. Each chapter highlights a theorist's work and includes insight on how the theory impacts teaching young children today. Discussion questions and suggested readings are…

6. Developmental Perspectives on the Social Studies.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rosenzweig, Linda W., Ed.

This bulletin provides an overview of developmental theory and practice in relation to social studies instruction in K-12 curriculum. In the first of eight chapters developmental theories pertaining to teaching and learning social studies are presented. The theories of Erik Erikson, Jane Loevinger, Jean Piaget, Lawrence Kohlberg, and Robert Selman…

7. Early Identification Guidelines: Suburban Model (Lucas County School District).

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ohio State Dept. of Education, Columbus. Div. of Educational Services.

Developed by a suburban school district, this manual provides guidelines for the early identification of gifted preschool children and describes Project Unicorn, a project to conceptualize, plan, and implement a classroom curriculum model for gifted young children. Project activities were based on Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development and…

8. Preschool Education and Day Care for Swedish Children.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mueller, Jeanne

A comprehensive study of the types of care provided for Swedish children is presented. The point is made that the three major frameworks which support the Swedish philosophy of early childhood education are those of Arnold Gesell, Jean Piaget, and Erik H. Erikson. From all three sources, preschool teachers learn the concept of epigenesis, the…

9. Comment: Distinguishing Cohort Effects from Age*Period Effects on Non-Marital Fertility

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Martin, Steve

2009-01-01

In the article "Cohort Effects on Non-marital Fertility," in this issue of "Social Forces," Jean Stockard employs a novel strategy for disentangling cohort, period, and age effects on the non-marital fertility ratio. In a model with fixed-effect controls for age and for time period, the author documents evidence for three cohort-specific factors…

10. The Limits of Knowledge Management in Contemporary Corporate Conditions

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Garrick, John

2014-01-01

This paper draws on Jean-François Lyotard's (1984) seminal study "The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge" to reflect on two macro-level catastrophes: the global financial crisis (GFC) of 2009 (and its continuing effects throughout the Eurozone and elsewhere) and Fukushima. These two case studies probe aspects of these grand…

11. Teaching for Social Justice. A Democracy and Education Reader.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ayers, William, Ed.; Hunt, Jean Ann, Ed.; Quinn, Therese, Ed.

This collection discusses the teaching of social justice. Following a preface, "Of Stories, Seeds and the Promises of Social Justice" (Jean Ann Hunt), a foreword, "Popular Education--Teaching for Social Justice" (William Ayers), and an introduction "Teaching for Social Justice" (Maxine Greene), the following chapters are included: (1) "Education…

12. Resuscitating Students' Learning: Exploring the "Living Dead" Phenomenon

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gallant, Andrea

2011-01-01

There is research spanning the 20th century on student disengagement. Despite all the research, the problem remains. It is time to adopt a different perspective. This article attempts to make transparent the influences on disengagement in schools by applying Jean Gebser's (1985) empirical phenomenological study of cultural consciousness. What…

13. (Post) Modern Science (Education): Propositions and Alternative Paths. Counterpoints: Studies in the Postmodern Theory of Education.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Weaver, John A., Ed.; Morris, Marla, Ed.; Appelbaum, Peter, Ed.

This collection of essays offers new perspectives for science educators, curriculum theorists, and cultural critics on science education, French post-structural thought, and the science debates. This book contains chapters on the work of Bruno Latour, Michael Serres, and Jean Baudrillard plus chapters on postmodern approaches to science education…

14. Celebrations: American Camping Association Annual Report 1986.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American Camping Association, Martinsville, IN.

The 1986 American Camping Association (ACA) annual report reviews the year's achievements and outlines goals for the future. An introductory message from ACA President Jean McMullan notes successful fund raising to improve the association's national headquarters, passage of federal legislation exempting camps from paying federal unemployment…

15. True Pictures: Husband and Wife Team Jerry and Gloria Pinkney Offer Children New Ways to See--and Read about--Themselves.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pinkney, Jerry; Pinkney, Gloria

1996-01-01

Interviews author Gloria Jean Pinkney and illustrator Jerry Pinkney, who portray the ordinary lives of African Americans in their books for children, which highlight universal themes of home, family, and the pursuit of dreams. As artists, they are aware of the difference multicultural books can make to children. (SLD)

16. The Oral History of Evaluation, Part 4: The Professional Evolution of Carol H. Weiss

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American Journal of Evaluation, 2006

2006-01-01

During the past 3 years, the Oral History Project Study Team, which comprises Jean King, Mel Mark, and Robin Miller, has conducted interviews with individuals who have made signal contributions to the program evaluation field. Their goal was to capture the professional evolution of those who have contributed to the way evaluation in the United…

17. More Americans Engaging in Same-Sex Encounters

MedlinePlus

... study lead author Jean Twenge, a professor of psychology at San Diego State University. The trend, she added, "suggests a fundamental shift in sexual behavior toward more freedom and the abandonment of previously strict social rules against same-sex sexuality." The findings come ...

18. The Fictive Voice in Science.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Irwin, Jennifer Brown

1992-01-01

Discusses the importance of using children's literature to heighten children's appreciation of the wonder of nature. Focuses on three authors and a specific work from each: "Charlotte's Web" by E.B. White; "Joyful Noise" by Paul Fleischman; and "Julie of the Wolves" by Jean Craighead George. (MG)

19. Feminist Theory in the Classroom: Choices, Questions, Voices.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Obbink, Laura Apol

1992-01-01

Argues that implementing feminist theory in the literature classroom must deal with issues of text, selection, and reading strategies. Discusses the relationship of the female reader to the literary canon (what is read) and pedagogical practice (how it is read). Presents Jean Rhys' novel "Wide Sargasso Sea" as a model of feminist text and…

20. A HISTORY OF THE CARE AND STUDY OF THE MENTALLY RETARDED.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

KANNER, LEO

THE HISTORY AND CARE OF THE MENTALLY RETARDED IS TRACED FROM ANTIQUITY TO THE PRESENT. A REVIEW OF MEN WHO ORIGINATED EDUCATIONAL AND INSTITUTIONAL WORK WITH THE FEEBLEMINDED INCLUDES JACOB PEREIRE, JEAN ITARD, JOHANN GUGGENBUEHL, EDOUARD SEGUIN, AND SAMUEL HOWE. PUBLICATIONS BY AND ABOUT THESE MEN ARE LISTED. THE DEVELOPMENT OF INSTITUTIONS IS…

1. Wind and Rotation Enhanced Escape From the Early Terrestrial Atmospheres

Hartle, R. E.

2001-05-01

The earliest atmospheres of the terrestrial planets are thought to have been hotter, have stronger winds and rotate faster than atmospheres of today. Since these primitive atmospheres were weakly bound, they evolved rapidly because atmospheric escape was very strong, often referred to as "blowoff." Such escape has been treated as hydrodynamic, transonic flow, similar to solar wind flow dynamics. However, in many cases the outward flow is hydrodynamic at low altitudes only to become collisionless at higher altitudes, well before sonic speeds are ever attained. Recent models dealing with such transition from fluid to kinetic flow have applied the Jeans escape flux at the exobase. This approach has lead to escape rates that are too low due to the fact that thermospheric winds and planetary rotation increase escape fluxes considerably over the corresponding Jeans fluxes (1). In particular, for a given density and temperature at the exobase, the escape flux increases as the wind speed and/or the rotation rate increase. Also, for a given wind speed and rotation rate, the escape flux enhancement over the Jeans flux increases as the mass of an escaping constituent increases, an important factor in isotope fractionation, especially the enrichment of deuterium on Mars. Accounting for a range of possible temperatures, thermospheric wind speeds and planetary rotation rates in the primitive atmospheres of the terrestrial planets, estimates are made of light constituent escape flux increases over the corresponding Jeans fluxes. (1) Hartle, R. E. and H. G. Mayr, J. Geophys. Res., 81, 1207, 1976.

2. Dynamical Effects On The Escape of H and D: Martian Water Reservoirs

Hartle, R.

The evolution of water on Mars is dependent on the loss rates of H and D from its atmosphere, where the dominant loss mechanism for these constituents is Jeans es- cape. Throughout time, preferential escape of H over D has produced a deuterium rich atmosphere with a D/H ratio 5.2 times that of terrestrial water. Motion in the atmo- sphere of Mars is shown to change the Jeans escape rates of H and D in two important ways: (1) Atmospheric wind and rotation at the exobase increase the escape fluxes of H and D above the corresponding Jeans fluxes. (2) The percentage increase in escape flux due to motion is greatest for D. Recently, several models have been used to esti- mate the magnitudes of current and ancient crustal water reservoirs on Mars that freely exchange with its atmosphere. Differences in the reservoir sizes are influenced by dif- ferences in the composition at the exobase, thermal history of the atmosphere and the D/H ratio of earlier epochs as inferred from meteorites. When motion enhanced Jeans escape is applied to each of these models, it is shown in every case that factors (1) and (2) above lead to current and ancient crustal water reservoirs that are larger than those obtained without motion.

3. Language Assessment of Asian Students: Problems & Implications.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Wong, Ovid K.

The problems and implications of language assessment of Asian students are examined. The theories of Jean Piaget and Jerome Bruner concerning the relationship between language and cognition are explored. Cognitive operations are assumed by many educators to be related to academic achievement. Culturally, Asians favor the Piagetian interpretation…

4. Creative Class, Dismissed

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fendrich, Laurie

2008-01-01

Recently the author has been including in her undergraduate seminars Jean-Jacques Rousseau's "Letter to d'Alembert on the Theatre" (1758), the most provocative essay on the arts ever written. It is about the unintended effects of theater--which, for Rousseau, stands in for all of the arts--on an audience. The essay is an impassioned rebuttal to…

5. The National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented Newsletter, 2001.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gubbins, E. Jean, Ed.; Siegle, Del, Ed.

2001-01-01

This document contains the spring and fall 2001 newsletters of the National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented (NRC/GT). The spring 2001 issue contains the following featured articles: (1) "Using Gifted Education Strategies with All Students" (E. Jean Gubbins and NRC/GT Research Team); (2) "New Center for the Pyschology of Abilities,…

6. Consciousness, Social Heredity, and Development: The Evolutionary Thought of James Mark Baldwin

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Wozniak, Robert H.

2009-01-01

James Mark Baldwin is one of the most important and least known early American scientific psychologists. Drawing inspiration from Charles Darwin and other evolutionists of the period, Baldwin developed a biosocial theory of psychological development that influenced both Jean Piaget and Lev S. Vygotsky; and he proposed a mechanism relating learned…

7. The Denaturation of Environmental Education: Exploring the Role of Ecotechnologies

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gough, Annette; Gough, Noel

2016-01-01

This article explores the changing ways "environment" has been represented in the discourses of environmental education and education for sustainable development (ESD) in United Nations (and related) publications since the 1970s. It draws on the writings of Jean-Luc Nancy and discusses the increasingly dominant view of the environment as…

8. Our Cost Control Program Is Real, and Good PR Too.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Harris, James; And Others

The cost control program of the Beaverton School District (Oregon) is presented in three sections. Reviewing the role of the school board in cost control development, Jean Holt (a board member) outlines the fiscal management system, long-range financial strategies, energy conservation, and utilization of facilities. The programs have resulted in a…

9. Crisis in Haiti: Two Hundred Years after Slaves Rose up against France, Armed Rebels Oust Haiti's Elected Leader

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social Education, 2004

2004-01-01

Haitians had expected 2004 to be a year of celebrations marking the 200th anniversary of independence from France following the only successful slave revolt of its time. Instead political violence exploded early in the year and armed gunmen took over cities demanding President Jean-Bertrand Aristide resign. Just as the rebels prepared to move in…

10. Continuity and Discontinuity of Perceptual Development.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fischer, Hardi

Despite external changes such as those of magnitudes, the functional properties of the visual system also improve with increased age. According to Jean Piaget's centration/decentration theory, the process of perceptual development might continue until adulthood and even after. However, perceptual development should not be understood in all of its…

11. Storage of filarial parasites in CsTFA and precipitation of filarial DNA using MTAB.

PubMed

Egwang, T G; Akue, J P; Pinder, M

1989-11-01

Immunological and biochemical studies on some parasite species are hampered by a limited availability of parasite material. Thomas Egwang Jean-Paul Akue and Margaret Pinder discuss a technique for preserving material from adult filarial worms during transport through endemic areas. PMID:15463158

12. Creating a Culture of Student Success: The SEEK Scholars Peer Mentoring Program

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Zevallos, Ana L.; Washburn, Mara

2014-01-01

Over the past decades, Vincent Tinto, Edmund Thile, Francis Ianni, and others all link mentoring to better academic performance, improved social adjustment, enhanced academic experiences, and greater rates of degree completion. Even more specifically, Jean E. Rhodes, Renée Spencer, Thomas E. Keller, Belle Liang, and Gil Noam describe three…

13. Alternan research at the National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The Northern Regional Research Laboratory (later the National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research, or NCAUR) began operations on December 16, 1940. By the late 1940’s, Dr. Allene Jeanes was leading a team in an extensive research program on dextrans. Dextrans are glucan polysaccharides th...

14. Impact on U.S. Scientific Research of Proposal to Withdraw from Unesco. Hearings before the Subcommittee on Natural Resources, Agriculture Research and Environment and the Subcommittee on Science, Research and Technology of the Committee on Science and Technology, U.S. House of Representatives, Ninety-Eighth Congress, Second Session, (March 8,15, 1984).

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Science and Technology.

These hearings focused on the impact of the United States decision to leave the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). Included are prepared statements and/or testimony by: Congressman Jim Leach (Iowa); Jean Gerard (U.S. Ambassador to UNESCO); Paul Baker; William Nierenberg; Thomas Galvin; and A. K. Solomon.…

15. Ames Lab 101: Rare-Earth Recycling

SciTech Connect

Ryan Ott

2012-09-05

Recycling keeps paper, plastics, and even jeans out of landfills. Could recycling rare-earth magnets do the same? Perhaps, if the recycling process can be improved. Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory are working to more effectively remove the neodymium, a rare earth, from the mix of other materials in a magnet.

16. The Dynamics of Emergent Self-Organisation: Reconceptualising Child Development in Teacher Education

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kim, Minkang; Sankey, Derek

2010-01-01

For more than half a century, child development has endured as one of the main components of teacher education. But if children do develop, as developmentalists claim, what precisely is it that develops and how? Traditionally, within education, answers to these questions have drawn heavily on the theories of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky. Piaget…

17. The Living and the Dead in Education: Commentary on Julian Williams

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Jones, Peter E.

2011-01-01

Jean Lave and Ray McDermott (2002) did a service with their powerful reading of Marx's 1844 essay on "Estranged Labour" (Marx, 1964). In reworking Marx's critique of "alienated labour" in terms of "alienated learning," they reminded everyone of Marx's own impassioned revolt against the inhumanity of the capitalist order and found a novel way of…

18. STUDIES OF THE LIFE WORK OF FOUR CONTEMPORARY FRENCH AUTHORS.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

NOSTRAND, HOWARD L.

REPORTED ARE ANALYSES OF THE WORKS OF FOUR CONTEMPORARY FRENCH AUTHORS (RENE MARILL ALBERES, YVES BONNEFOY, MICHEL BUTOR, AND JEAN BRULLER UNDER THE PSEUDONYM VERCORS). THE ANALYSES WERE PREPARED IN FRENCH BY THE INDIVIDUAL AUTHORS FOR THE FRENCH CULTURE RESEARCH PROJECT, A LANGUAGE RESEARCH EFFORT. THE STUDIES ILLUSTRATE THE AUTHORS' THEMES IN…

19. Release and evaluation of Cyrtobagous salviniae on common salvinia minima in southern Louisiana

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Common salvinia (Salvinia minima) is one of the most widespread, non-native invasive species at the Barataria Preserve of Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve in southern Louisiana and currently infests more than 3,600 ha and 48 km of navigable waterways. A proven biological control a...

20. Piaget in Performance: The Role of "Games" in Creative Dramatics.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ratliff, Gerald Lee

Jean Piaget's theories of child development and the nature of intelligence are adapted to creative dramatics in this description of two games for children aged 6 through 12. The first game discussed incorporates a "touchy-feely box," a cardboard construction with openings on two sides so that a child may reach inside, select, and describe an…

1. Wind and Rotation Enhanced Escape from the Early Terrestrial Atmospheres

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Hartle, Richard E.; Einaudi, Franco (Technical Monitor)

2001-01-01

The earliest atmospheres of the terrestrial planets are thought to have been hotter, have stronger winds and rotate faster than atmospheres of today. Since these primitive atmospheres were weakly bound, they evolved rapidly because atmospheric escape was very strong, often referred to as "blowoff." Such escape has been treated as hydrodynamic, transonic flow; similar to solar wind flow dynamics. However, in many cases, although the outward flow is hydrodynamic at low altitudes, it becomes collisionless at higher altitudes, before sonic speeds are ever attained. Recent models dealing with the transition from fluid to kinetic flow have applied the Jeans escape flux at the exobase. This approach leads to escape rates that are too low, because thermospheric winds and planetary rotation are known to increase the escape flux above the corresponding Jeans flux. In particular, for a given density and temperature at the exobase, the escape flux increases as the wind speed and/or the rotation rate increase. Also, for a given wind speed and rotation rate, the escape flux enhancement over the Jeans flux increases as the mass of an escaping constituent increases, an important factor in isotope fractionation, especially the enrichment of deuterium on Mars. Accounting for a range of possible temperatures, thermospheric wind speeds and planetary rotation rates in the primitive atmospheres of the terrestrial planets, estimates are made of light constituent escape flux increases over the corresponding Jeans fluxes.

2. Dynamical Effects on the Escape of H and D: Martian Water Reservoirs

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Hartle, Richard E.; Einaudi, Franco (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

The evolution of water on Mars is dependent on the loss rates of H and D from its atmosphere, where the dominant loss mechanism for these constituents is Jeans escape. Throughout time, preferential escape of H over D has produced a deuterium rich atmosphere with a D/H ratio 5.2 times that of terrestrial water. Motion in the atmosphere of Mars is shown to change the Jeans escape rates of H and D in two important ways: (1) Atmospheric wind and rotation at the exobase increase the escape fluxes of H and D above the corresponding Jeans fluxes. (2) The percentage increase in escape flux due to motion is greatest for D. Recently, several models have been used to estimate the magnitudes of current and ancient crustal water reservoirs on Mars that freely exchange with its atmosphere. Differences in the reservoir sizes are influenced by differences in the composition at the exobase, thermal history of the atmosphere and the D/H ratio of earlier epochs as inferred from meteorites. When motion enhanced Jeans escape is applied to each of these models, it is shown in every case that factors (1) and (2) above lead to current and ancient crustal water reservoirs that are larger than those obtained without motion.

3. Constructing a Mind, One Image Schema at a Time

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reznick, J. Steven; Bauer, Patricia J.

2008-01-01

In "The Foundations of Mind," Jean Mandler describes how perceptual analysis provides a mechanism that allows infants to begin their journey into conceptual life, and subsequently to enter the advanced worlds of conceptual systems, memory, language, and consciousness. This review provides an overview of Mandler's theoretical position, celebrates…

4. Social Literacies across Communities, Cultures and Contexts. Adult Literacy Research Network.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Searle, Jean, Ed.

This document contains eight papers on social literacies across communities, cultures, and contexts in Australia. "Social Literacies" (Jean Searle) is an introduction to the other papers, which each report on small action research projects examining how particular groups of people use literacy. "Recognising Shifting Delivery Modes: Rethinking…

5. 75 FR 2877 - Center For Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

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2010-01-19

... HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center For Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings... 90405. Contact Person: Jean D. Sipe, PhD, Scientific Review Officer, Center for Scientific Review..., Scientific Review Officer, Center for Scientific Review, National Institutes of Health, 6701 Rockledge...

6. Who Won the Debate in Women Education? Rousseau or Wollstonecraft?

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Owusu-Gyamfi, Clifford

2016-01-01

Curriculum framework in the education of children became debatable during the enlightenment. Jean-Jacque Rousseau's treatise, "Emile," outlined an educational curriculum based on natural rights. Rousseau thought education should be based on espousing and exploring the natural abilities of a person. Therefore, since women have a natural…

7. Applying Vygotsky: Teaching Preformal-Operational Children a Formal-Operational Task.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Burkhalter, Nancy

This research hypothesized that preformal-operational children (before age 11) can improve their ability to write persuasive essays at an age earlier than Jean Piaget's developmental stage model would predict. A Vygotskian social interactionist approach, which claims that adult intervention can help children achieve what may have seemed beyond…

8. Carleton Papers in Applied Language Studies. Volume I.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young, Lynne, Ed.

The papers in this collection focus on both underlying theoretical principles of language teaching, learning, and research and exchanges of information between teachers and researchers. The following titles are included: "CALS at Carleton" (Janice Yalden); "Computers in the Teaching of Linguistics" (Jean-Pierre Paillet); "English in the Workplace:…

9. Innovation in Library Education

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Osborn, Jeanne; And Others

1973-01-01

Library schools need to address the question of professional preparation in relation to their present programs. In addition to the author, statements are made by Ralph Blasingame, Martha Boaz, George Bobinski, Margaret Chisholm, Guy Garrison, Norman Horrocks, Jean Lowrie, Kenneth Shaffer, Roy Stokes, and William Summers. (4 references) (SJ)

10. The Journal of the Imagination in Language Learning, 1997.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Coreil, Clyde, Ed.; Napoliello, Mihri, Ed.

1997-01-01

Articles on second language teaching and learning include: "Creativity with a Small 'c'" (Alan Maley); "National Standards & the Role of the Imagination in Foreign Language Learning" (Rebecca M. Valette); "Who Am I in English? Developing a Language Ego" (Jean Zukowski/Faust); "Steps to Dance in the Adult EFL Classroom" (David M. Bell); "Connecting…

11. Bilingualism: Beyond Basic Principles. Multilingual Matters.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dewaele, Jean-Marc, Ed.; Housen, Alex, Ed.; Wei, Li, Ed.

This collection of papers focuses on individual bilingualism and societal and educational phenomena. After "Introduction and Overview" (Jean-Marc Dewaele, Alex Housen, and Li Wei), 12 papers include: (1) "Who is Afraid of Bilingualism?" (Hugo Baetens Beardsmore); (2) "The Importance of being Bilingual" (John Edwards); (3) "Towards a More…

12. Lyotard, Education, and the Problem of Capitalism in the Postmodern Condition.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peters, Michael

Jean-Francois Lyotard is considered by many as the pre-eminent non-Marxist philosopher of the "postmodern condition." This paper offers Lyotard's intellectual biography, describes his political writings and subsequent turn to philosophy, and discusses his views on capitalism in the postmodern condition and the problem of the legitimation of…

13. In Progress Internationally: Student Voice Work in Four Countries

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

McGregor, Jane

2014-01-01

The late Jean Rudduck led the most extensive and sustained programme of Student Voice work in the United Kingdom to date through the Economic and Social Research Council project "Consulting Pupils about Teaching and Learning". She continues to inspire discussion around Student Voice and its transformational possibilities, bequeathing…

14. 1980 AETS Yearbook: The Psychology of Teaching for Thinking and Creativity.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lawson, Anton E., Ed.

The theme of the seventh yearbook of the Association for the Education of Teachers in Science (AETS) involves the relationship of psychology of teaching thinking and creativity as this activity is performed in a science education context. Eleven chapters follow a foreword by Jean Piaget and the reproduction of Part I of "The Central Purpose of…

15. A Struggle for Control and a Moral Scandal: President Edmund J. James and the Powers of the President at the University of Illinois, 1911-14

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Solberg, Winton U.

2009-01-01

In 1911 Jean Baptiste Beck, a scholar of international reputation, was appointed to a three-year term on the faculty of the University of Illinois. His personal eccentricities conditioned his adjustment to the community. In 1912 he married the daughter of a University professor, and as a result Edmund J. James, president of the University of…

16. Basic instabilities of collisionless gravitating systems.

Polyachenko, V. L.

1995-05-01

The paper presents a short summary of basic instabilities in stellar systems, namely: the Jeans, bar-mode and fire-hose (bending) instabilities. A classification of bar-mode instabilities according to a ratio of the bar pattern angular velocity and the maximal precession speed of nearly-circular stellar orbits is proposed.

17. Population Growth: Family Planning Programs.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Doberenz, Alexander R., Ed.; Taylor, N. Burwell G., Ed.

These proceedings of the second annual symposium on population growth bring together speeches and panel discussions on family planning programs. Titles of speeches delivered are: Communicating Family Planning (Mrs. Jean Hutchinson); Effects of New York's Abortion Law Change (Dr. Walter Rogers); The Law and Birth Control, Sterilization and Abortion…

18. Schweizer Soziolinguistik--Soziolinguistik der Schweiz (Swiss Sociolinguistics--Sociolinguistics in Switzerland).

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Werlen, Iwar, Ed.

1993-01-01

The 13 articles in this serial issue are as follows (with all titles translated into English); "Swiss Sociolinguistics--Sociolinguistics in Switzerland" (Iwar Werlen); "Public Space, Medias, and Identities of Language. Reference Points for an Analysis of the Swiss Imaginary Collective"; (Jean Widmer); "Anthropological and Sociolinguistic Approach…

19. How Children Conceptually Organize Musical Sounds. Final Report.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Zimmerman, Marilyn Pflederer; Sechrest, Lee

A series of five experiments was designed and administered to 679 elementary and junior high school students over a 2-year period to test the relevance of Jean Piaget's concept of conservation to musical learning. Musical tasks consisting of stimulus patterns and systematic variations of these patterns were designed for each experiment, and…

20. A New Agenda for Educational Equity. Education in a Changing South: New Policies, Patterns and Programs. Report on the Annual Continuing Conference (9th, Atlanta, Georgia, November 5-7, 1991).

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Southern Education Foundation, Atlanta, GA.

This publication presents the proceedings of a conference on African Americans and educational equity in the southern United States. A brief overview opens the publication followed by information on Jean Fairfax, recipient at the conference of the John A. Griffin Award for Advancing Equity in Education. Other presentations are included as follows:…

1. What Are/Do Gifted Teenagers Like?

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Miller, Phyllis, Ed.

2002-01-01

This journal presents four articles on gifted adolescents. The first is "Gifted and Gay: A Study of the Adolescent Experience" (Jean Sunde Peterson and Heather Rischar). This paper reports on a retrospective study of the experiences of 18 gay, lesbian, or bisexual young adults with high ability, finding themes of danger, isolation, depression, and…

2. Educational Boards and Foundations, 1924-1926. Bulletin, 1927, No. 10

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evans, Henry R.

1927-01-01

The document reports on the income and disbursements of the following organizations; (1) General Education Board; (2) Rockefeller Foundation; (3) Carnegie Corporation of New York; (4) Laura Spelman Rockefeller Memorial; (5) Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching; (6) John F. Slater Fund; (7) Jeanes Fund; (8) Phelps-Stokes Fund; (9)…

3. "Life and Deaf": Language and the Myth of "Balance" in Public History

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bergey, Jean Lindquist

2008-01-01

This article chronicles the protest to draft plans for an exhibition on Deaf history organized by Gallaudet University. Jean Bergey, director of the History through Deaf Eyes project, analyzes documents from letters of concern and offers context on the politics of public presentation of Deaf community history. (Contains 1 note.)

4. Working with the Bilingual Community.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Brisk, Maria Estela; And Others

A collection of five papers dealing with parental/community involvement in bilingual education is presented. Maria Estela Brisk discusses the role of the community in bilingual education in light of legislative and judicial issues. Maria B. Cerda and Jean J. Schensul describe in detail a Chicago program designed to train parental leaders in the…

5. Teaching Copywriting Students about the Mature Market.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drewniany, Bonnie

Advertising educators have a responsibility to make students aware of the importance of the mature market (older people) and to teach them methods to reach this group. An assignment in a copywriting class asked students to write and design ads to promote blue jeans to adults over 50. The assignment accomplished three things: (1) helped students…

6. SLA and the Literature Classroom: Fostering Dialogues. Issues in Language Program Direction: A Series of Annual Volumes.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scott, Virginia M., Ed.; Tucker, Holly, Ed.

This monograph offers eight papers in four sections. Section 1, "Renewed Debates," includes "The Gordian Knot: Language, Literature, and Critical Thinking" (Jean Marie Schultz). Section 2, "Colleagues in Dialogue," includes "Developing Literacy and Literary Competence: Challenges for Foreign Language Departments" (Heidi Byrnes and Susanne Kord)…

7. In the Space between the Rock and the Hard Place: State Teacher Certification Guidelines and Music Education for Social Justice

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

2011-01-01

This paper looks at the State of Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction (DPI) Guidelines for Music Teacher Education, a governmentally defined technology of accountability for preservice teacher education. In this investigation, the author draws upon Jean-Francois Lyotard's analysis of "differends" to frame the conflict between the…

8. The correlation function for density perturbations in an expanding universe. I - Linear theory

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Mcclelland, J.; Silk, J.

1977-01-01

The evolution of the two-point correlation function for adiabatic density perturbations in the early universe is studied. Analytical solutions are obtained for the evolution of linearized spherically symmetric adiabatic density perturbations and the two-point correlation function for these perturbations in the radiation-dominated portion of the early universe. The results are then extended to the regime after decoupling. It is found that: (1) adiabatic spherically symmetric perturbations comparable in scale with the maximum Jeans length would survive the radiation-dominated regime; (2) irregular fluctuations are smoothed out up to the scale of the maximum Jeans length in the radiation era, but regular fluctuations might survive on smaller scales; (3) in general, the only surviving structures for irregularly shaped adiabatic density perturbations of arbitrary but finite scale in the radiation regime are the size of or larger than the maximum Jeans length in that regime; (4) infinite plane waves with a wavelength smaller than the maximum Jeans length but larger than the critical dissipative damping scale could survive the radiation regime; and (5) black holes would also survive the radiation regime and might accrete sufficient mass after decoupling to nucleate the formation of galaxies.

9. "Pointless to Try to Hide"

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chrostoski, Eric W. M.

2012-01-01

Superintendents whose young children attend public schools in their school district face a special challenge. This article shares the author's experience as the son of a superintendent. Throughout his years in primary and secondary school, his mother, Jean Chrostoski, served as the superintendent of the schools he attended in the small Illinois…

10. Exploring Fear: Rousseau, Dewey, and Freire on Fear and Learning

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

English, Andrea; Stengel, Barbara

2010-01-01

Fear is not the first feature of educational experience associated with the best-known progressive educational theorists--Jean-Jacques Rousseau, John Dewey, and Paolo Freire. But each of these important thinkers did, in fact, have something substantive to say about how fear functions in the processes of learning and growth. Andrea English and…

11. Piaget's Enduring Contribution to Developmental Psychology.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Beilin, Harry

1992-01-01

Describes Jean Piaget's transformation of society's conception of childhood thought. Emphasizes the enduring contribution to developmental psychology of Piaget's constructivism, his description of developmental mechanisms, his cognitivism, his explication of structural and functional analysis, and his addressing of epistemological issues and…

12. Piaget and the Role of the Law of Non-Contradiction in Thinking.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kelly, I.W.

1980-01-01

Examines Jean Piaget's theories on the laws of formal logic, and Johnson's claim that the law of noncontradiction is only descriptive of macroscopic objectives. Suggests Piaget and Johnson are wrong, since the possibility of saying anything significant and informative presupposes the law of noncontradiction is followed. (Author)

13. Genetic Epistemology and the Structure of Belief Systems: An Introduction to Piaget for Political Scientists.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ward, Dana

Suggesting that the concept of structure employed by political scientists in the analysis of belief systems is inadequate and misleading, the paper discusses Jean Piaget's concept of egocentrism as a theoretical alternative to belief systems analysis. The purpose of the paper is to provide political scientists with a short but comprehensive…

14. Towards a Lakatosian Programme of Research into Concept Development.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gilbert, John; Swift, David

Although the ideas of Jean Piaget still dominate the field of science education, the range and severity of criticisms has increased progressively. In recent years, the emergence of a different theory of cognitive development has begun. This paper tentatively outlines a Lakatosian Research Programme for the alternative conceptions field. The…

15. A Short Note on Haroutunian's View of Piaget's Biological Conception of Knowledge.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Doll, William E., Jr.

1981-01-01

The author discusses major premises of a paper, by Sophie Haroutunian (Educational Theory, v30 n3), that relates Jean Piaget's conception of knowledge to his biological theory of equilibrium. Doll argues that Piaget's theory of equilibration (striving for control over the environment) is not sufficiently appreciated by Haroutunian. (PP)

16. Comparative Evaluation of the Cognitive Theories of Piaget and Ausubel.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nielsen, Loretta A.

Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development and David Ausubel's assimilation theory of learning are explicated and selected research involving both theories is reviewed in this paper. The two theories are compared on selected dimensions to demonstrate that they are compatible and that, in conjunction with one another, they form a strong…

17. The Constraints of Explanatory Models, or: Even Piaget Can't Say Whatever He Likes.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Haroutunian, Sophie

1981-01-01

Haroutunian defends points made in a paper (Educational Theory v30 n3) relating Jean Piaget's conception of knowledge to his biological view of equilibrium in response to criticism by William E. Doll, Jr. (Educational Theory, v31 n2). Haroutunian asserts that Piaget's theories permit evolutionary change only by chance mutation. (PP)

18. Simple Convergences? Piagetian Theory and Its Relationship to the Epistemology of James Mark Baldwin.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Marelich, William D.; And Others

Jean Piaget is credited with such topics as the synthesis of philosophy and the life sciences through a description of progressive stage by stage development, and a genetic epistemology founded on the principle of knowledge through processes of cognitive assimilation and accommodation. In actuality, these themes were originally postulated by James…

19. In Praise of Canadian Contradictions: Making Our Way in a Globalized World

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rao, Govind

2004-01-01

Many of the cultural items that are associated with globalization started out as American cultural products, for example, McDonalds hamburgers, Jeans, Coca-Cola, and Rock-and-Roll. Canada, next-door neighbour to the United States, was the first country to be subjected to this onslaught early in the 20th century, as American cultural and economic…

20. Ideas for Urban/Rural Gifted/Talented: Case Histories and Program Plans.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

National/State Leadership Training Inst. on the Gifted and Talented, Los Angeles, CA.

This document includes articles on programs for the gifted in urban and rural areas. Jean Blanning writes a personalized case-oriented record of an independent studies program offered in an urban high school (in New Haven, Connecticut) serving large numbers of minority children. This section gives testimony to the effectiveness of dedicated…

1. Language Planning at the International Level. Report of the Annual Conference of the Center for Research and Documentation on World Language Problems (3rd, New York, New York, December 14, 1984).

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tonkin, Humphrey, Ed.; Johnson-Weiner, Karen, Ed.

The proceedings of the conference include the opening address (Francoise Cestac) and these papers: "False Friendship in International Language Planning" (Joseph L. Malone); "Guidelines for Terminology Standardization at the United Nations" (Marie-Josee Jastrab); "Language Policy at the Agence de Cooperation Culturelle et Technique" (Jean-Claude…

2. Adult Cognitive Development A La Piaget.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

May, Ruth Graham

While Jean Piaget's work as it relates to the development of childhood and adolescent cognition has long been explored, only recently has the usefulness of Piaget's theory in the study of adult cognition been studied. Recent research by educational psychologists has raised serious doubts about Piaget's theoretical position that the highest level…

3. 76 FR 27085 - Renewal of Approved Information Collection, OMB Control Number 1004-0169

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2011-05-10

... Bureau of Land Management Renewal of Approved Information Collection, OMB Control Number 1004-0169 AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION: 60-day notice and request for comments. SUMMARY: In... `Non-Hour Cost'' Burden: None. Jean Sonneman, Bureau of Land Management, Information...

4. 78 FR 15040 - Renewal of Approved Information Collection

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2013-03-08

... Bureau of Land Management Renewal of Approved Information Collection AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management...,808 Jean Sonneman, Bureau of Land Management, Information Collection Clearance Officer. BILLING CODE... Reduction Act, the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) invites public comments on, and plans to request...

5. 78 FR 56925 - Renewal of Approved Information Collection

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2013-09-16

... Bureau of Land Management Renewal of Approved Information Collection AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management... CFR 2812.5 Total 272 8 2,176 Jean Sonneman, Bureau of Land Management, Information Collection... Reduction Act, the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) invites public comments on, and plans to request...

6. 77 FR 38319 - Renewal of Approved Information Collection

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2012-06-27

... Bureau of Land Management Renewal of Approved Information Collection AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management... guarantee that we will be able to do so. Jean Sonneman, Bureau of Land Management, Information Collection... Reduction Act, the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) invites public comments on, and plans to request...

7. Focus on Basics, 1999.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focus on Basics, 1999

1999-01-01

This volume consists of four issues that present best practices, current research on adult learning and literacy, and how research is used. Issue 1(A) on adult multiple intelligences has seven articles: "MI (Multiple Intelligences), the GED (General Educational Development), and Me (Martha Jean); "Understanding Multiple Intelligences: The Theory…

8. The National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented (NRC/GT) Newsletter, June 1991-Winter 1997.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gubbins, E. Jean, Ed.; Siegle, Del L., Ed.

1997-01-01

These 15 newsletters from the National Research Center on the Gifted and Talented (NRC/GT) contain the following articles: (1) "National Research Needs Assessment Process" (Brian D. Reid); (2) "NRC/GT: Update of Year 2 Activities" (E. Jean Gubbins); (3) "Parents: Their Impact on Gifted Adolescents" (Julie L. Sherman); (4) "Cluster Grouping Fact…

9. A Contrast in Schooling: The Natural Education of Emile vs. Giroux's Radical Education.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sigmon, Scott B.

Jean-Jacques Rousseau's classic work "Emile" of 1762 is contrasted with Henry G. Giroux's 1981 book "Ideology Culture and the Process of Schooling." Although both Giroux and Rousseau are social critics, their notions about education and its outcome are contrary and not due to historical time alone. This comparative analysis characterizes…

10. Annotations on a Scandal: Desire, Transgression, and the Filmic Fantasy of Pedagogy

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stillwaggon, James; Jelinek, David

2015-01-01

From Socrates to Jean Brodie, we have become accustomed to teachers serving as placeholders for transgressive and powerful desires in our cultural imaginary. Evidenced by recent scholarship on teachers in film, however, as well as by the 2006 film "Notes on a Scandal", the way we ought to feel about teachers acting on their transgressive…

11. Beginning Reading In ECE and the Bilingual Classroom.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peterson, Rosemary

A rationale for teaching beginning reading from a learning theory perspective that is compatible with Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development is presented in this paper. The model offered is based on a linguistic analysis and on current research. The logical thinking skills characteristic of each stage of development proposed by Piagetian…

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Phi Delta Kappan, 2000

2000-01-01

Recommends leisurely reading for teachers: biographies on St. Augustine and Charles Lindbergh; novels by Edwidge Danticat, Kate Chopin, and Velma Allis; Edward Tufte's three volumes on the visual presentation of information; Jean Vanier's "Becoming Human;" the Harry Potter series, and Michael Tolkin's novel "The Player." (MLH)

13. Book Reviews

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Holeinger, Philip R.; And Others

1986-01-01

Presents and review six books. Topics include earth science topics (Philip R. Holzinger, 1985), the wild horse controversy (Richard Symanski, 1985), historical Dutch geography (Audrey M. Lambert, 1985), urban geography (Susan L. Cutter, 1985), a geopolitical atlas (Gerard Chaliand and Jean-Pierre Rageau, 1985), and remote sensing (Robert K. Holz,…

14. Getting Your Message out (And Why It's Not Enough)

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Johnson, Jean

2015-01-01

Sometimes, education leaders are so intent on getting their message out that they neglect the other side of the equation--listening. In this article, Jean Johnson of Public Agenda describes the conditions that make "messaging" a perilous undertaking today. "These are skeptical times," she explains, in which Americans are…

15. The Human Factor

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Johnson, Jean

2013-01-01

Unless school leaders do more to help teachers, students, parents, taxpayers, and other key groups understand the need for change and the key roles they can play, school improvement will be spotty and nearly impossible to sustain, writes Public Agenda senior fellow Jean Johnson. Citing multiple surveys of these groups conducted by Public Agenda,…

16. Learning Languages: The Journal of the National Network for Early Language Learning, 2001-2002.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rosenbusch, Marcia H., Ed.

2002-01-01

These three journal issues contain the following articles: "Japanese at Mimosa Elementary School" (Azusa Uchihara); "A Successful Keypal Project Using Varied Technologies" (Jean L. Pacheco); "Promoting a Language-Proficient Society: What You Can Do" (Kathleen M. Marcos and Joy Kreeft Peyton); "Journal Reflections of a First-Year Teacher" (Sarah…

17. What Would Sartre Say? And, Arendt's Reply?

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Blau, Judith

2007-01-01

Only governments can ensure, through laws and policies, the provision of universal public goods, such as a safe supply of water, affordable health care and housing. They can regulate commerce and the private sector. However, governments cannot legislate Jean-Paul Sartre's radical freedoms, Amartya Sen's developmental freedoms, or Hannah Arendt's…

18. Code-Switching and Gender: A Longitudinal Study of Spanish/English Speaking Fraternal Boy-Girl Twins

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Robinson, Colin

2015-01-01

Researchers from Jean Piaget (1932) to Sehlauoi (2008) have utilized small case studies to intensively examine naturally occurring child language production in the home environment. This qualitative, 5-year longitudinal, five-year case study continues the focus of previous research on child bilingualism and code-switching; however, it aims to…

19. Emotions "Unleashed" in Paint

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Skophammer, Karen

2012-01-01

Many painters use lines to express powerful emotions. Both Vincent van Gogh and Jean-Michel Basquiat had difficult lives filled with hardship, and died at a young age. They both used art to deal with their emotions. It seems like the stronger the feelings were in them, the faster the strokes were put down in their work. In this article,…

20. Godard on Godard.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Narboni, Jean, Ed.; Milne, Tom, Ed.

The critical writings of the French film director, Jean-Luc Godard, are collected here. Many of them are reviews which originally appeared in the French magazines "Cahiers du Cinema" and "La Gazette du Cinema." They include comments on many American and European films from the years 1950-59, as well as Godard's comments on films and film-makers,…

1. Chronicle of Higher Education. Volume 50, Number 47, July 30, 2004

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chronicle of Higher Education, 2004

2004-01-01

"Chronicle of Higher Education" presents an abundant source of news and information for college and university faculty members and administrators. This July 30, 2004 issue of "Chronicle of Higher Education" includes the following articles: (1) "Collegiality Lessons" (Phelps, Pat); (2) "The Right Search Committee" (Dowdall, Jean); (3) "Place and…

2. Talking about Difference and Defining Social Relations with Labels

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Zacher, Jessica C.

2007-01-01

In this study over the course of one school year, I set out to look closely at what the diverse fifth-grade students in Ms. Jean's urban class were learning from the social justice curriculum. As a former kindergarten teacher at Gonzales myself, in this project I wanted to know what children said, thought, and did when they were asked to read…

3. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education (13th, Paris, France, July 9-13, 1989), Volume 1.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education.

This proceedings of the annual conference of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education (PME) includes the following papers: "Transformations Accelerees de l'Education Scientifique Pendant la Revolution Francaise" (Jean Dhombres); "Building on the Knowledge of Students and Teachers" (Thomas P. Carpenter & Elizabeth…

4. Making Hollow Men

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Harvey, Charles W.

2010-01-01

In this essay Charles Harvey offers a worried reflection on the range, extent, depth, affects, and effects of the perpetual assessment of the person in (post)industrial nations in the contemporary world. Harvey begins his analysis by appealing to the work of Martin Heidegger, Michel Foucault, and Jean Baudrillard to provide an interpretive…

5. Realizing the Natural Self: Rousseau and the Current System of Education

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peckover, Christopher

2012-01-01

Jean-Jacques Rousseau believed that Nature is master. Children acknowledge this truth perhaps better than most adults. Nature gives life to humanity and provides humans with the tools necessary to survive. Even as an infant, Nature urges the child to scream for nourishment. As children, humans trust their master. The idea of resisting their human…

6. 2009 Elections: The Candidates Statements

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

TechTrends: Linking Research and Practice to Improve Learning, 2009

2009-01-01

This article presents the candidates for the 2009 Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) election and their statements. The candidates are: (1) Andy Gibbons (President-Elect); (2) Barbara B. Lockee (President-Elect); (3) Mary Jean Bishop (At-Large Representative); and (4) Deepak Subramony (At-Large Representative). In…

7. Reading Mastery as Pedagogy of Erasure

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eppley, Karen

2011-01-01

Jean Stockard's (2011) article in the "Journal of Research in Rural Education," "Increasing Reading Skills in Rural Areas: An Analysis of Three School Districts," offers a productive opportunity to discuss the standardization of language and literacy teaching and learning in rural schools. The purpose of this response is to (re)initiate…

8. Here's You Looking at You, Kid: Study Says Many Students Are Narcissists

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hoover, Eric

2007-01-01

Jean M. Twenge, an associate professor of psychology at San Diego State University, says gadgets and online social-networking sites have stoked the self-loving tendencies of modern students. Twenge revealed her findings from a study that describes this wired and coddled generation, known as Millennials, as the most narcissistic in recent history.…

9. ESL Magazine, 2000.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rosenthal, Marilyn, Ed.

2000-01-01

Issues in this volume include the following feature articles: "Grammar: Rules and Reasons Working Together" (Diane Larsen-Freeman); "TESOL Sets Sail for Vancouver" (Nancy Storer); "The Reading Lab: An Invitation to Read" (Jean Zukowski/Faust); "Quebec: A Unique North American ESL Teaching Experience" (Jacquelyne Lord); "Video in the Classroom:…

10. Critical Empiricism: Reading Data with Social Theory

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Leonardo, Zeus

2010-01-01

In this article, the author reviews "Theory and Educational Research" and concludes that given some misgivings, the collection arrives at a nonfetishized appreciation for the role of theory in empirical research in education. Jean Anyon and her colleagues give theory its due, not more but also not less. In the same move, they recognize that theory…

11. Separating the Universe into real and fake energy densities

Hu, Wayne; Chiang, Chi-Ting; Li, Yin; LoVerde, Marilena

2016-07-01

The separate universe technique provides a means of establishing consistency relations between short-wavelength observables and the long-wavelength matter density fluctuations within which they evolve by absorbing the latter into the cosmological background. We extend it to cases where nongravitational forces introduce a Jeans scale in other species like dynamical dark energy or massive neutrinos. The technique matches the synchronous gauge matter density fluctuations to the local expansion using the acceleration equation and accounts for the temporal nonlocality and scale dependence of the long-wavelength response of small scale matter observables, e.g., the nonlinear power spectrum, halo abundance and the implied halo bias, and N -point correlation functions. Above the Jeans scale, the local Friedmann equation relates the expansion to real energy densities and a curvature that is constant in comoving coordinates. Below the Jeans scale, the curvature evolves and acts like a fake density component. In all cases, the matter evolution on small scales is correctly modeled as we illustrate using scalar field dark energy with adiabatic or isocurvature initial conditions across the Jeans scale set by its finite sound speed.

12. Sharing Knowledge in Universities: Communities of Practice the Answer?

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

2009-01-01

The change from an industrial economy to a knowledge economy forced many organizations to change their modus operandi if they were going to survive in a sustainable way. The introduction of communities of practice (CoPs) by Jean Lave and Etienne Wenger shed new light on knowledge sharing and dissemination of information. Sharing, interacting,…

13. The Sartre-Heidegger Controversy on Humanism and the Concept of Man in Education

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kakkori, Leena; Huttunen, Rauno

2012-01-01

Jean-Paul Sartre claims in his 1945 lecture "Existentialism is a Humanism" that there are two kinds of existentialism: that of Christians like Karl Jaspers, and atheistic like Martin Heidegger. Sartre's "spiritual master" Heidegger had no problem with Sartre defining him as an atheist, but he had serious problems with Sartre's concept of humanism…

14. Workforce Issues Facing HRD.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

1999

This document contains four symposium papers on work force issues facing human resource development (HRD). "Contributing Factors to the Success of Women and People of Color in Leadership Roles: A Message to HRD Professionals" (Jean R. McFarland, Gary Leske, Caroline S. V. Turner) reports the results of a survey in which nonwhite males, nonwhite…

15. Mathematical astronomy morsels III

Meeus, Jean

2004-06-01

In this third volume of his Morsels series, Belgian astronomer Jean Meeus deals masterfully with a host of new questions about eclipses and planetary conjunctions. The sky's rhythms are not strictly repetitive, as he proves time and again by finding entertaining quirks in the motions of the Moon and planets. Contents: The Moon. Eclipses. Planetary motions. Planetary phenomena. On the celestial sphere.

16. A Perspective on the Continuing Struggle for Equity.

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fairfax, Jean

This publication contains a speech on the continuing struggle for equity in education for African Americans presented to the Southern Education Foundation (SEF) by Jean Fairfax when she received the John A. Griffin Award for Advancing Equity in Education. In the speech, Fairfax addressed disagreements within the black community over educational…

17. Happy 40th Cinema Guild

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kuzyk, Raya

2008-01-01

On May 10, 1968, the Cannes Film Festival shuddered to a stop when filmmakers including Jean-Luc Godard and Francois Truffaut rushed the stage at the Palais des Festivals to protest French New Waver Henri Langlois's removal from his post as president of the National Cinematheque Francaise. Also that month, in that same spirit of film lovers'…

18. The Happy and Suffering Student? Rousseau's "Emile" and the Path Not Taken in Progressive Educational Thought

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mintz, Avi I.

2012-01-01

One of the mantras of progressive education is that genuine learning ought to be exciting and pleasurable, rather than joyless and painful. To a significant extent, Jean-Jacques Rousseau is associated with this mantra. In a theme of "Emile" that is often neglected in the educational literature, however, Rousseau stated that "to suffer is the first…

19. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey Original Water Color in Wells ...

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Historic American Buildings Survey Original Water Color in Wells Fargo Bank Historical Museum Capt. Jean Jacques Vioget, Artist Spring of 1837 FIRST WATER COLOR OF SAN FRANCISCO (JACOB LEESE HOUSE IN CENTER) - San Francisco, Historic View, 1837, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

20. Politicizing Articulation: Applying Lyotard's Work to the Use of Standards in Educational Leadership

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Niesche, Richard

2013-01-01

This paper presents a case for the importance of an application of Jean-Francois Lyotard's ideas to the analysis of educational leadership. Through exploring Lyotard's concepts of "language games", the "differend" and "performativity", this paper argues that the approach taken through the development of…